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Full text of "History of New Paltz, New York and its old families (from 1678 to 1820) : including the Huguenot pioneers and others who settled in New Paltz previous to the revolution"

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Presented to the 
LIBRARY of the 



Legislative Library 



Additional Information Concerning the Revolu- 
tionary Period 


Wills of a Number of the Patentees and Their Sons in 
Whole or in Part 


More Extended Notice of Those who Moved from New Paltz in the 
Early Days and a Variety of Other Matter 



The ribbed line shows the present boundary of the town ; the heavy 
black line the boundaries of the town before being dismembered. 
A part of Esopus was taken from New Paltz in 1843 ; part of 
Rosendale in 1844; all of Lloyd in 1845 and part of Gardiner In 


There were in 1820 fourteen towns in the county, with a total popula- 
tion of 32,015. New Paltz was ahead of Kingston and every other 
town in the county in population, in valuation both of real and 
personal property, in the number of its mills and in everything 
noted in the census except extent of unimproved land. The 
population of New Paltz was 4,704. Shawangunk came next with 
a population of 3,589. Kingston had only 3,010; Marbletown. 
2,879 ; Saugerties, 2,664 ; Marlborough, 2,364 ; Rochester, 2,227 ; 
Plattekill, 2,058; Wawarsing, 1,964; Esopus, 1,520; Olive, 1,520; 
Hurley, 1,283; Woodstock. 1,273; Shandaken, 960. 

The towns of Lloyd, Rosendale, Gardiner, Hardenbergh and Ulster 
had not been created. 


See page 253. 


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Where Louis DuBois shot the Indian woman, near the New Fort in 
Shawangunk as she was raising the alarm, when the captive 
women and children were rescued by Capt. Kreiger's men. See 
page 9. 


Since its purchase and opening by the Huguenot Memorial Society a 
great number of valuable relics have been gathered at the Memorial 
House. Among the number are the lance head brought from 
Holland to this country by Jan. Elting, the trap in which the last 
wolf was caught in this town, the skates on which Major Isaac 
LeFevre skated from the Strand at Rondout to Albany and back 
in one day, all of which are shown in this picture. There are also 
in the Memorial House, documents, with the signatures of several 
of the Patentees, a number of old family bibles, ancient articles 
of dress and household furniture, etc., etc. 



Huguenot churches in the Province of New York i 


A church controversy in the olden times 7. 


The Books of the Dusine 1 6 

The first division of land in the New Paltz Patent 16 

Divisions of land in the Patent 18 

The last division of land in the Patent 30 

The lawsuits of the Dusine 31 

Examination of Abraham Dow 35 

Examination of Jas. Tompkins 35 

Affidavit of Wm. Beekman 37 

Affidavit of James Turk 40 

Report of Judge Lewis 40 

Letter from John Addison 43 


The Patent granted to Noah Elting and Nathaniel LeFevre .... 47 


Papers in Town Chest in 1 749 55 

Some old French papers 56 

The Great Fence 60 

Soldiers in the early Colonial period 63 


The Wills of the old people 65 


The Legislative Act of 1 785 87 


Peter Van Orden of Plattekill 9 1 

A soldier in the Revolution 9 1 

Justice in olden times . ' 97 



Valuable old papers in the Hasbrouck family 101 

Copy of old French letter to Jean and Abraham Hasbrouck .... 103 

Denization papers of Jean Hasbrouck 104 

Some matters relating to the Hasbrouck family 106 

The lost heir 107 


The family of Garret Freer, Jr 1 1 1 

The Bontecoe Fresrs 113 

The LeFevres of Greenfield 115 

Daniel LeFevre of Delaware county 116 


Emigrations from New Paltz in the early days 119 

Matthew DuBois 121 

David DuBois of Rochester 124 

Jacob DuBois of Hurley 125 

The DuBois family of New Jersey 128 

The family of Abram DuBois, son of Abram the New Paltz 

patentee 130 

The DuBoises of Catskill 134 

The Staten Island DuBoises 136 

New Paltz Huguenots in Poughkeepsie before the Revolution. . 138 

The DuBois family in Poughkeepsie and vicinity 145 


Descendants of Jacques DuBois in Ulster and Dutchess counties 149 

The Oliver family 153 

The Deyos in Dutchess and Albany counties 157 


History of education at New Paltz 161 


A mysterious murder 189 

Our village in 1850 190 

The Huguenot Bank 192 

The Memorial House and Patentees' Monument 194 

Appendix to History of New Paltz 



There were in the province of New York four Huguenot 
churches, all organized previous to 1700. They were located 
as follows: one in New York City, one on Staten Island 
near Richmond, one at New Paltz and one at New Rochelle. 

The church in New York has continued until the present 
day. Its records have been translated and printed in book 
form. The church on Staten Island was organized at an 
early date, flourished for a long time and enjoyed the minis- 
trations of Rev. David Bonrepos ; but the church organization, 
the church records and the church building are all gone; 
the tombstones in the graveyard long remained but they too 
are gone now. At New Paltz the church organization has 
always remained and the records have been translated and 
printed in book form; the Dutch language superseded the 
French about 1750 and the church at about that time became 
affiliated with the Dutch churches of the surrounding coun- 
try. At New Rochelle the records have been translated and 
transcribed but not yet published in book form. 

The information concerning the Huguenot churches given 
in this sketch is from the Ecclesiastical Records of the State 
of New York published in 1901 by the state. These Records 
consist of what is known as the "Amsterdam Correspondence " 
together with such extracts from other colonial records and 
notes by Hugh Hastings, state historian, as are necessary to 
a proper understanding of the matters which are discussed 
in the correspondence. The "Amsterdam Correspondence" 


comprises letters sent by the Dutch churches in the province 
of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam, with which they 
were connected. In these Ecclesiastical Records we find occa- 
sional reference to the Huguenots and Huguenot churches in 
New York. The information contained in these letters, though 
fragmentary and not affording a complete history is reliable 
and authentic so far as it goes. 

The history of the Huguenots in the province of New York 
began in 1622 when certain Walloons petitioned the king of 
England for permission to settle in Virginia. The petition 
was not granted. About two months later certain Walloons,, 
probably the same persons, petitioned the States General of 
Holland for permission to settle in New Netherlands and their 
request was granted. 

In the spring of ^623 the West India Company equipped 
a vessel called the New Netherlands of which Cornelius Jacobs 
was skipper with thirty families, mostly Walloons. They 
sailed by way of the Canaries and reached New Amsterdam,, 
where they became the first permanent settlers. 

In 1628 Rev. Jonas Michaelius the first minister in New 
Amsterdam writes to one of the ministers of the Collegiate 
church at Amsterdam, giving an account of matters in the 
colony and in the church in which he says " The Walloons 
and French have no service on Sunday except in the Dutch 
language, for those who understand no Dutch are few. 
. Notwithstanding the Lord's Supper was admin- 
istered to them in the French language and according to the 
French mode." 

A letter in 1650 from John Walraven, schoolmaster at 
Manhattan, to the Classis of Amsterdam says that a French- 
minister, Charles de Rocherfort, having been requested to do- 
so had administered holy baptism to a number of persons. 


In 1663 a considerable number of Huguenots, originally 
from Rochelle, arrived in the country and settled on Staten 

Rev. Hermanus Blom, pastor of the church at Wiltwyck 
sends, Sept. 18, 1663 to the church at Amsterdam a long 
letter describing matters at Wiltwyck and telling of the 
massacre by the Indians three months before. This letter, 
which was written about ten days after the return to Wilt- 
wyck of the expedition to Shawangunk and the women and 
children rescued at the New Fort, says that the total number 
killed at the massacre was twenty-four and of prisoners 
forty-five, of whom thirteen were still in the hands of the 

On the 1 2th of May, 1664, the rest of the persons having 
been recovered, the Director General and Council of New 
Netherlands issued a proclamation for a day of thanksgiving 
on account of the delivery of all the Christian prisoners " out 
of the barbarians' hands, against all human expectation " and 
for the conclusion of an honest and advantageous peace with 
the Esopus savages. 

August I4th, 1664, Governor Stuyvesant wrote to the Direc- 
tors at Amsterdam in relation to a number of French families 
from Rochelle and St. Martin, several of whom had come to 
New Netherlands and being much pleased with Staten Island 
had asked that they might settle there and be provided with 
a good French preacher and had said that the preacher at 
St. Martin could be persuaded easily to come. 

In 1676 Louis DuBois, Antoine Crispell, Matthew Blanshan 
and about sixty other residents of Wiltwyck and Hurley (none 
except Louis DuBois being afterwards settlers at New Paltz) 
sent a petition to Governor Andros that a minister might be 
sent to Esopus who could preach both in Dutch and English 


and recommending that Rev. Peter Teschcnmaker be selected 
for the place. 

The next year the three villages of Kingston, Hurley and 
Marbletown petitioned Governor Andros that they be per- 
mitted to call a minister. Toward his support Kingston 
promised to give annually 400 schepels of wheat, Marbletown 
and Hurley 100 schepels, each. 

Rev. Henry Selyns in a letter to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
dated Oct. 21, 1683, says: " Domine Pierre Daille, formerly 
professor at Salmur [Saumur, France], has become my col- 
league. He is full of zeal, learning and piety. Exiled for 
the sake of his religion he now devotes himself here to the 
cause of Christ with untiring energy." A few months before 
this Rev. Mr. Daille had organized the church at New Paltz. 

In 1687 Jean Boutillier and other French Protestants of 
New York petitioned Governor Dongan that they be allowed 
the same privileges as his majesty's subjects in regard to trad- 
ing. This petition received a very kind answer and it was 
requested that the names of all French Protestants who de- 
sired to settle or remain here be given in order that they 
may have " letters of denization." 

In 1688, Oct. loth, Rev. Henry Selyns wrote to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, "Our French ministerial brethren in the Lord 
are doing well. Their congregations grow not a little almost 
daily because of the continual arrival of French refugees. The 
French minister at New Castle (Caspar Carpentier) is dead. 
About five hours from here where Nova Rupella (New> 
Rochelle) is laid out and is building up a new French min- 
ister (David Bonrepos) has arrived. 

In 1688 Rev. Rudolphus Varick, pastor on Long Island, 
wrote to the Classis of Amsterdam, " The French congrega- 
tion increases by daily arrivals from Carolina, the Carribean 


islands and Europe. Lately two French preachers came over. 
I have as yet made the acquaintance and spoken to only one 
of them. I hear favorable reports about them. . . . We 
have received Mr. Andros as governor the second time." 

The Journal of Assembly of New York May I, 1691, says: 
" Information was given that Dally (Daille) the French min- 
ister had received a petition signed by several of the inhabi- 
tants of Harlem and Westchester. Daillie was summoned to 
appear and was asked through an interpreter if he had such 
a paper. -He refused to give any information. He was 
committed for contempt until he should answer. In the after- 
noon he said he had received such a letter but his wife had 
burned it. He was discharged after paying certain fines." 
The document referred to was no doubt signed by friends 
of Jacob Leisler, who in the beginning of the reign of Wil- 
liam and 'Mary was by the approval of most of the people, 
pushed on to become lieutenant-governor of the province. 
.When the new governor, Sloughter, arrived he ordered Leis- 
ler's arrest and execution. This was an outrage and caused 
very bitter feeling. Dailie was a friend of Leisler. 

A letter from Rev. Messrs. Henry Selyns, Rudolphus Varick 
and Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 12, 
1692, says: " We must not omit to inform your reverences 
that the two French churches (New York and New Paltz?) 
have been united and that Domine Perrot will generally preach 
in the city and Domine Dailie will generally preach in the 
country. But the two form but one church and the income 
will be divided equally between them." 

In 1693 appears a list of contributors from churches in 
New York and New Jersey for the ransom of certain Chris- 
tian prisoners, held by Moslems at Salee in the Barbary 
states. In this list the " Staten Island French church " is set 


down as contributing 3 and the New Rochelle church about 
half as much. No mention is made of the churches at New 
Paltz or Kingston. 

Rev. Henry Selyns in a letter to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Sept. 31, 1696, says there were then five Dutch ministers in 
the province: himself in New York, Dellius at Albany, Nu- 
cella at Kingston, Lupardus on Long Island and Bertholf in 
New Jersey. He also says : " Domine Daillie, recently the 
French minister here has been called to Boston and ministers 
to the French church there. Domine Perrot, a man of great 
learning, formerly a minister in France, now serves the 
church of God here. Domine Morpe labors in the more dis- 
tant places in the country. Domine Brodet (Bondet) who 
was formerly professor at Salmur (Saumur) and who has 
lived and preached eight years among the Indians, has been 
called to New Rochelle, five hours from here, where he gives 
good satisfaction by his gifts and holy life." This letter makes 
no mention of Rev. David Bonrepos, whose first recorded 
service at New Paltz was in May of this year. 

In [1696?] a number of the inhabitants at New Rochelle 
petitioned Governor Fletcher stating that they had been forced 
by persecution to flee from France and forsake their estates 
and that their majesties by a proclamation in 1689 had granted 
them an asylum and invited them to buy land here. They 
said they were poor and needy and asked that their case 
be given consideration. 

In 1699 five ministers, representing the Dutch, French and 
English churches, signed a testimonial concerning Rev. Mr. 
Dellius, minister at Albany. The French ministers, signing 
the testimonial are Petrus Pieret, minister of the French 
church in New York and Daniel Bondet, minister of the 
French and English church at New Rochelle and assistant 
teacher of the Indians. 



There was a warm controversy between the church at New 
Paltz and the church at Kingston about 1750, an account of 
which is found in Volumes IV and V of the Ecclesiastical 
Records of New York, where appear the communications 
sent to the Classis of Amsterdam, in Holland. The question 
at issue was whether the church at New Paltz was an inde- 
pendent organization or a part of the Kingston church. 

Rev. G. W. Mancius, minister of the Kingston church in a 
letter to the Classis of Amsterdam endeavors to show that 
there was no rightful consistory at New Paltz and asserts 
that John Van Driessen, who had been received by the New 
Paltz people in 1733 was not a legally ordained minister of 
the Dutch church though the New Paltz people " persistently 
adhered to him " and allowed him not only to conduct service 
when he came to New Paltz, which was several times a year, 
but had also permitted him to install a consistory. Rev. Mr. 
Mancius complains, moreover, that Rev. J. H. Goetschius, who 
was preaching at New Paltz as a supply in 1750 had admin- 
istered the sacrament of communion to those of the New 
Paltz people, who had been cut off from the ordinance of 
the Lord's supper by the church at Kingston for persistently 
adhering to Van Driessen, after being admonished to leave 
him by the consistory of the Kingston church and others. 
Rev. G. W. Mancius states furthermore in this communica- 
tion to the Classis of Amsterdam that Rev. Mr. Goetschius 
had raised the standard of revolt by declaring at Fishkill that 
" before his black head had turned gray other ministers than 
those from Holland would officiate here." Besides all this 


Rev. Mr. Mancius says in regard to Rev. Mr. Goetschius, 
" That gentleman seems not only to question your high author- 
ity over the churches, but more than that he has allowed one 
of his pupils to occupy the pulpit." 

To these statements of Rev. Mr. Mancius the New Paltz 
church, through its representatives Samuel Bevier and Daniel 
Hasbrouck made answer, under date of Oct. 18, 1750, that 
" Samuel Bevier, at present elder of New Paltz, is willing, 
together with many other witnesses, to testify that he and 
several others saw Andries LeFevre and others swear before 
a magistrate that the Paltz as a French Reformed church 
had always been accustomed to be provided with a minister 
and consistory of its own, but as they were now vacant [that 
is when Andries LeFevre and the others appeared before the 
magistrate] they were now willing to promise to unite with 
Kingston for the support of a minister from Europe; but 
with this understanding that whenever they could have a 
minister of their own again they might then consider them- 
selves released from this promise." 

In continuing their answer Samuel Bevier and Daniel Has- 
brouck say, " that it is entirely untrue that New Paltz had 
no other consistory than that of Kingston, for as early as 
August 22, 1683 under Monsieur Pierre Daille there were 
elected and installed an elder and a deacon Louis DuBois 
as elder and Hughe Frere as deacon; as it also appears from 
their church book; whence it #lso appears that on June 9, 
1690 there were chosen Hughe Frere elder and Louis Bevier 
deacon and these remained in office until their death. There- 
fore when Mr. John Van Driessen came to the Paltz [in 
1733] there was, it is true, no consistory, but he appointed 
one and this the Rev. Goetschius rightly considered a lawful 
consistory, for the Rev. Coetus had set him an example. 


Therefore we are assured that the conclusion of Rev. Mancius 
is wrong. From the foregoing explanation it clearly appears 
that the Paltz was always a church and congregation by itself 
and so independent of Kingston." 

After the Kingston minister and the New Paltz church 
had presented their arguments the case was referred to Rev. 
J. C. Freyenmont, who decided that New Paltz was an inde- 
pendent church and he installed a consistory. 

Rev. Mr. Mancius was not yet satisfied to let the matter 
rest and in another letter to the Classis of Amsterdam in 
December, 1750, he returns to the subject and says that the 
New Paltz people promised to contribute and did contribute 
part of the salary of Rev. Vas, who was minister of the 
Kingston church and had been Rev. Mancius' colleague since 
1732; moreover that the Paltz for a time had no other con- 
sistory than that at Kingston. He closes by asking the Classis 
of Amsterdam to decide whether New Paltz was an inde- 
pendent church and concludes by saying that if the Classis of 
Amsterdam will not decide the matter he will be compelled 
to go to the Synod for a decision. 

These documents, setting forth the controversy between the 
churches at New Paltz and Kingston, besides being of much 
interest in themselves, are valuable as furnishing conclusive 
proof that there was no minister here from 1700 to 1733. 
Hence the inference that there had been a book containing 
marriages and baptisms for this period and that it had been 
lost, is unfounded. Had there been any minister here from 
1700 to 1733 the fact would certainly have been mentioned 
by Samuel Bevier and Daniel Hasbrouck in their answer to 
Rev. G. W. Mancius. 

In Volume V of the Ecclesiastical Records there is a letter, , 
dated Dec. 10, 1751, from the New Paltz consistory to the 


Classis of Amsterdam, which is of special interest on account 
of the historical information it contains and because of the 
determined spirit it manifests of opposition to Kingston church 
rule. At the time this letter was written the coetus had 
decided that New Paltz was right in claiming independence, 
but the Classis of Amsterdam, from whom the minister must 
come had not yet acceded to the request, which, however, it 
did soon after and sent Rev. Barent Vrooman, as requested, 
who became the first regularly ordained minister of the Dutch 
church and thus ended the existence of the Walloon (Hugue- 
not) church here. 

The following is the letter, omitting seme -comparatively 
unimportant parts: 

Very Rev. Classical Assembly, Beloved Fathers and 
Brethren in Christ: 

We, the undersigned, consistory of the Reformed Walloon 
Church at New Paltz, having a short time ago placed our- 
selves under the direction of the Rev. Coetus at New York, 
and so under that of your Reverences, wish your Rev. Assem- 
bly blessing and life forevermore. 

Since it has come to our ears that your Rev. Assembly does 
not consider the action of the Rev. Coetus regarding us as 
worthy of praise, we feel impelled to present to your Rever- 
ences as clearly as possible, the whole matter of our con- 
tention with the consistory of Kingston, asking your Rever- 
ences, in a fraternal spirit, to give us a patient hearing, as 
indeed we expect you will. 

For their most holy faith, our ancestors fled from France 
to this wilderness, to escape the Roman Antichrist. Having 
bought a land-patent from the Indians, they settled in this 
locality in the year 1677. This place of residence was guar- 


anteed to them by the Duke of York (subsequently James the 
Second, King of Great Britain), through Governor Andros. 
And until the present time, they, and we their descendants, 
have, without political interference, enjoyed protection and 
privileges, as French Protestant Refugees. 

As far as their strength allowed, which was indeed small 
at first, they saw to it that, besides maintaining Family 
Worship, they should have in their midst the public service 
of pure Religion. In the village of the Paltz they built a 
church about the year 1718 and worship was conducted there 
every Sunday in the French language by French ministers 
whenever they were to be had; such as Rev. De Pierre d'Alje 
(Daille) and Rev. Bon Repos, who in the year 1683, appointed 
a consistory. Several others also officiated, of whom Molinaer, 
who was minister at New Rochelle, was the last, in the year 
1739. Whenever there was no minister a sermon was read 
in French. 

Meanwhile Dutch families came to take up their residence, 
here and there, among us. About the year 1727 services of 
worship began to be held afternoons in the Dutch language. 
Because there was no more French ministers to be had, we 
employed also provisionally some German ministers. Some 
of us also contributed something toward the salaries of the 
ministers of Kingston; because, when we had no minister 
of our own, we did sometimes trouble that church and its 
minister, as being nearest to us, for the baptism of our 

Many of us, who understood the Dutch language, did at 
times go to church there. As well disposed neighbors, we 
also contributed toward its church building and church 
expenses. Some Dutch families, having removed from the 


Kingston community and its villages, as also from some 
other places, to take up their residence among us, still con- 
tinued their connection with the Kingston church. Some 
while dwelling among us, were received on confession there, 
because we had no minister. 

Finally the Kingston church attempted to draw us entirely 
to itself and to make us a part of itself, in order that we 
might supply a permanent perquisite for its ministers. In 
our continuous opposition to that attempt, we diligently sought 
to keep our greatly increasing church in combination with 
one or two of the neighboring churches nearest to us, but 
west of us, for the settlement of a minister. Kingston, how- 
ever, always tried to prevent this. It was in a condition to 
make many inroads upon us and to draw away many of our 
residents, because we were as yet too weak to support a 
minister of our own ; for we lacked the living voice of preach- 
ing as well as the administration of the sacraments privileges 
which the neighboring Kingston always enjoyed. 

Upon the advice, and what seemed to us the well-founded 
reasonings of Rev. Petrus Van Driessen, minister at Albany, 
concerning the ordination in New England of Jan Van Dries- 
sen (whose conduct in these regions had not yet then become 
open to remarks), we, as a French church, which, by the 
statutes of England, had a right to correspond with any 
Protestant churches which are in the King's dominion, in the 
year 1733, thought proper to call this Jan Van Driessen to 
be our minister. Kingston had very much to say against this, 
under the ridiculous pretext that we were a part of its church. 
But what reason had we, Walloon Refugees, who at the time 
were under no obligation, either to Kingston, nor under the 
jurisdiction of any 'other Dutch church, to believe Rev. Peter 


Vas, of Kingston, rather than Rev. Peter Van Driessen. 
Both were outsiders and simply advisers. But alas! What 
happens? Our neighbor, Kingston, to whom we had done 
so much good and whose church burdens, out of pure benevo- 
lence we had helped to carry, unfortunately goes to work and 
puts us under discipline. Why! because we, poor French 
Refugees, a Walloon church, had made use of our rights and 
of the country's liberties, which had been granted us by our 
gracious King. We did not know that a Dutch church had 
the power to put under the ban a Walloon church. Nor can 
we yet account for it ; for it looks so utterly incomprehensible 
to us. 

Upon the advice of Rev. Goetschius we have now gone 
over to you, having by the Rev. Coetus been reorganized and 
accepted as a church independent of Kingston. May it please 
God, now and hereafter, to reward a thousandfold the Chris- 
tian compassion manifested by the ministers and elders of the 
Rev. Coetus. The above mentioned Mr. Mancius, as long as 
he has been a resident of Kingston, has done his best to 
divide us; yea, indeed, to make us appear as Schismatics 
under discipline, both before your Revs, as also before the 
Rev. Coetus, notwithstanding the fact that our whole condi- 
tion is perfectly known to the Rev. Coetus and that many 
of its worthy members are intimately acquainted with us. 
And to our great grief and agitation we must hear him daily 
revile and treat with despite these (Coetus) members, with 
his slanderous tongue. Indeed, even the Rev. Classis does 
not escape his inconsiderate remarks, because that body 
assured us by letter of the I5th of November, 1749, as well 
as by the mouth of Rev. Freymuth [Freyenmout], who had 
been authorized thereto, that it had received us under its 


Men, Fathers and Bretheren do but think how painful this 
must be to us. Although our parents escaped from under 
the ban of the Roman Antichrist, we in this day, should 
still encounter obstruction, and that from a consistory and 
minister who count themselves as belonging under the juris- 
diction of your Reverences; and that they have done such a 
shameful deed as though it were by your Reverences con- 

And now in the fear of God, we are ready, if necessary, 
by clearest argument and with mathematical precision, to 
demonstrate to the Rev. Coetus and also to your Reverences, 
and to convince even our greatest enemy if he has still a 
spark of human conscience left, that from our earliest occu- 
pancy of our Patent (which is older than the Kingston's 
Patent), we have been a complete French church, with con- 
sistories of our own, and independent of Kingston ; and that, 
therefore, we have been wronged and offended in this 
Kingston discipline, in the most unchristian manner, and par- 
ticularly by the action of Mr. Mancius. 

We make this further request of the Rev. Classical Assem- 
bly. In case this letter should be delivered before brother 
Vrooman (whom we expect to be our minister, and who has 
the affections of the whole church), presents himself to the 
Rev. Classis, ordain him, in accordance with Church Order 
and usage, to be the regular minister of our church in com- 
bination with those of Shawangunk and \Yalkill. Thus that 
matter on which so much depends for the welfare of our 
church, will no longer be retarded by unreasonable opposi- 
tion and our poor church will not be put to greater incon- 

With all due submission to your Reverences, We the Elders 
and Deacons, chosen and installed by order of the Rev. 


Coetus at Xew York, by authority of our church at New 
Paltz, subscribe our names : 


[of Rosendale] 
[of New Hurley] 

[of Shawangunk] 
New Paltz, Dec. 10, 1751, O. S. 

The foregoing communication, which has slumbered in the 
archives in Holland for 150 years shows that the New Paltz 
church did not give in its allegiance to the Classis of Amster- 
dam until 1751 and then only because they had not been able 
in many years to obtain a French minister and were now 
assured that they, with Shawangunk, should have a minister 
of their own and not form part of the Kingston church. 

This communication shows certain other facts : that when 
the people had no minister a sermon was read in French; 
that about 1727 services began to be held in Dutch in the 
afternoon ; that family worship was maintained ; that because 
no more French ministers were to be had they had employed, 
provisionally, some German ministers, who had come over, 
doubtless, in the great Palatine emigration. There is no record 
on the church book of any marriages or baptisms by any 
such minister, but probably they performed marriages and 
baptisms and failed to record them or recorded them on 
loose sheets of paper, which have been lost. Most of the 
children were baptized at Kingston during the period from 
1700 to 1733 and again from 1736 until 1749 while New 
Paltz was without a minister. 






There are two books which have come down to us from the 
Duzine. One narrates the divisions of land which they 
;made; the other gives an account of the lawsuits in which 
they were engaged concerning the boundaries of the Patent. 
There are no records of other action which they may have 
taken concerning other matters, though there is reason to 
believe that some action was taken and no permanent record 


On the 25th of August, 1703, the surviving New Paltz 
Patentees and representatives of those who were dead signed 
and sealed documents apportioning to each Patentee or his 
heirs his just part of land in the Patent. 

The paper assigning to the children of Simon LeFevre their 
inheritance is as follows: 

To all Christian people to whom this present writing shall 
-or may come: Abraham Hasbrouck, Jean Hasbrouck, Abra- 
ham DuBois, Louis Bevier, Antoine Crispel, Peter Deyo, Mary 
DuBois, wife and executor of Isaac DuBois deceased, and 
Hugo Frere, eldest son of Hugo Frere deceased, all of New 
Paltz, in the County of Ulster, send greeting: 

Whereas there is a patent obtained by Lewis DuBois, Chris- 
tian Deyo, Abraham Hasbrouck, Andries LeFevre, Jean Has- 
brouck, Peter Deyo, Lewis Bevier, Antoine Crispel, Abraham 
DuBois, Hugo Frere, Isaac DuBois and Simon LeFevre from 
;Sir Edmund Andros, late Governor of this province, bearing 


date ye 29th day of September, 1677, for a certain piece o'f *' 
land at the Esopus, in the county aforesaid, lying and being 
on ye south side of ye Rondout creek or kill, beginning from 
ye high hills called Moggonck, from thence stretching south- 
east near the Great River to a certain point or hook called 
Juffrous Hook, lying in the long reach called by the Indians 
Magaatramis, then north alongst the River to an island in ye 
crooked elbow in the beginning of the long reach called by the 
Indians Raphoos, then west to the high hills to a place called 
Waratahoes and Tawaratagu and so along the said hills south- 
west to Moggonck, aforesaid and we the said owners and pro- 
prietors of said land being desirous to convey to each partner 
his share of ye land aforesaid, Now Know ye that we ye said 
Abraham Hasbrouck, Jean Hasbrouck, Abraham DuBois, Louis 
Bevier, Antoine Crispel, Peter Deyo, Mary DuBois, Daniel 
DuBois, and Hugo Frere do by these presents convey, transfer, 
alienate and set over to Andries LeFevre, Isaac LeFevre, Jean 
LeFevre and Mary LeFevre all the lots and parcels of the above 
said land befallen unto them from their father, Simon LeFevre 
and from their uncle, Andries LeFevre and one fifth part of 
their grandfather's land, Christian Deyo as it is layed out 
divided, all now in their possession, together with two twelfths 
parts and one-fifth of the twelfth part of the whole Patent, 
being of their said grandfather of all the land not yet laid 
out or divided to have it in such place and part as they with 
their partners, their heirs or assigns, shall from time to time 
think fit to divide and lay out the same to have and to hold 
the said lots and parcels of land and tracts not yet laid out 
with their hereditaments and appurtenances to the said An- 
dries LeFevre, Isaac LeFevre, Jean LeFevre and Mary Le- 
Fevre, their heirs and assigns, forever, provided they their 


heirs and assigns forever pay their proportion of ye quit rents 

in the above said Patent, according to ye part of their land. 
In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands and 

unchangeably affixed our seals at the New Paltz, this 25th 

day of August, 1703. 

Abraham Hasbrouck,. 
Peter Deyo, 
Mary DuBois, 
Jean Hasbrouck r 
Daniel DuBois, 
Abraham DuBois, 
Hugo Frere, 
Louis Bevier, 
Antoine Crispel. 
In presence of us 

John Briellane, 
Samuel Bevier. 

In presence of me W. W. Nottingham, Justice of the Peace. 


In old papers albrsion is found to a division in 1703 by 
the Patentees and their children, by parole without deed, of 
the land lying along the Wallkill, which had previously been 
cleared by the united labor of the settlers. At a still earlier 
date there was individual ownership in houses and home lots. 
In the Books of the Duzine however, we have no account of 
what transpired previous to the organization of that body in 
1728; nor has any document been found telling just how the 
land was divided in 1703. 

The first meeting of the Duzine for division of lands, of 
which account is given in their book, now in the town clerk's 
office, was held Oct., 1738. This was not an original division 


of the land, but rather a confirmation to the owners of their 
title to the tracts which had previously been divided by parole 
without deed. This division, no doubt, defined the boundaries 
more accurately than the previous agreement had. A great 
portion of the land in the immediate valley of the Wallkill 
was occupied and under cultivation in 1738. 

No surveyor was employed by the Duzine (or Twelve 
Men, as they are frequently called) in making this division. 
Some stones were set in the ground and the place where some 
brook flowed or emptied into the Wallkill, served to some 
extent in marking the division lines between the different 

The record in the book begins as follows : 

" Whereas the Freeholders of the Township of the New 
Paltz on the first Tuesday in April in the year of our Lord 
Christ 1728 did meet then and there, according to an amicable 
agreement, appearing by an instrument in writing under their 
hands and seals, dated the 2ist day of April, 1728 did elect 
and chuse twelve able and sufficient men, freeholders and 
inhabitants, who have an interest in the Paltz Patent, repre- 
senting the twelve Patentees, every one of them all owners 
and occupyers and a right of each Patentees share respectively, 
to wit: Jacob Hasbrouck, Roelif Eltinge, John LeFevre, Dan- 
iel DuBois, Samuel Bevier, Daniel Hasbrouck, John Ter- 
pening, Solomon Hasbrouck, Abraham Dojou, John Een, Isaac 
LeFevre and Josiah Eltinge, who are all, or the major part 
of them, authorized and invested [with] full power to settle 
the several Divisions and partitions that have hitherto been 
made between them by paroll, without deed, reference being 
had unto aforesaid instrument in writing [from which it] 
may more and at large appear what power and authority the 
aforesaid Twelve elected men have got." 


With this introduction the record in the book of the Duzine 
goes on to say that at a meeting, Oct. 9, 1738, divisions and 
partitions of the lots that had previously been divided by 
parole, without deed, were settled as follows: Beginning at 
the south bounds of the Patent, at the north bound of Solo- 
mon DuBois, on the west side of the Wallkill, the owners 
of the lots comprising the Grote Stuck or Grand Piece shall 
continue to hold and enjoy their lots to the Killtje bridge, 
except that the northernmost lot in said Piece, belonging 
to Abraham Deyo, extends along the south side of Grote 
Stuck Killtje, till it meets a lot of Daniel Hasbrouck. 

Then, going on north the bounds of lots are settled as 
follows: The lot of John LeFevre on the north side of the 
"Grote Stuck Killtje, called in Dutch " to a lot of Daniel 
Hasbrouck upon the "Avenjier " [oatsfield] ; also the lots of 
Daniel Hasbrouck upon the "Avenjier;" the bounds of every 
lot upon the " Rompassy " from the brook that divides the lot 
of Daniel Hasbrouck and that of Andrew LeFevre, deceased, 
to the " maree " of Samuel Bevier and " every respective 
owner of said lots shall hold and enjoy said lots as they have 
them in their actual possession to them and their heirs and 
assigns, forever " and the maree [swamp] which belongs to 
Samuel Bevier shall run from the last mentioned stone along 
the brook as it winds to the Wallkill where it empties itself. 
The lot of the heirs of Andrew LeFevre is described and 
it is said that it ranges along a swamp to the lot of Roelif 
Eltinge and all the other lots from thence to the " Dryhech " 
[swing gate] being the north bound of a lot of Jacob Hasbrouck 
and bounded on the east by the Wallkill and on the west by a 
swamp and stones set in the ground all along said swamp. 
Next are mentioned two lots on the north side of the High 
Bridge creek [Humpo] belonging to Daniel DuBois and Sam- 


uel Bevier. This closed the work for the day as we find it 
recorded in the book of the Duzine. 

The next day, Oct. 10, the record of their action is resumed 
as follows, going on northward from what is now Spring- 
town : " The Twelve Men came to a voting to settle the north- 
ern and southern division and partitions of the Klein Bontekoe 
[now the R. V. N. Beaver farm] and the majority of them 
ordered that the southern line of the said Klein Bontekoe is 
to begin by the Paltz River [Wallkill] at a ditch by a stone 
set in the ground, by the banks of the River and running 
from thence westerly to another stone on the west side of 
the King's highway and from thence as them two stones 
ranges to the high mountain; and on the north side of the 
Klein Bontekoe aforesaid to begin by the River side by a 
stone, standing in the ground, on the west side of the King's 
highway, by a bridge, called John the Hollander's bridge and 
a swinging gate, and from thence westerly to another stone 
set in the ground and from thence as the two stones ranges 
to the high mountain and lots lying between the north bounds 
and south bounds of the Klein Bontekoe shall remain unto 
the respective owners to them and their heirs and assigns 
forever hereafter." 

"And it is further agreed at this present meeting by the 
twelve elected men or the major part of them that the lots 
lying on' the Groet Bontekoe shall be and remain to the respec- 
tive owners as follows: beginning at a lot of Daniel DuBois 
and extending northerly along a small ridge to a swamp near 
the Bever kill and along the Bever kill to the Wallkill." 

The record, then, without saying anything about further 
divisions to the north on the west side of the Wallkill crosses 
to the east side of the stream and proceeds as follows: "And 
it is further ordered and agreed by the twelve elected men 


or the major part of them for settling the limits and bounds 
between the Commons and the divided lots lying on the 
east side of the Paltz River, called in French Bouree Wallron, 
beginning at a- stone set in the ground on the bank of the 
Wallkill, where said River makes a turn to the high falls at 
a lot belonging to John Terpening " and from thence, describ- 
ing the route, but not mentioning the names of any owners 
to " Bontekous kill ; thence as the kill winds westerly to 
stone set in the ground near the bridge and from said stone 
to a mark on a rocky hill near John Een's house." 

The Twelve Men next proceed to the " lots called Solomon 
Hasbrouck's, Roelif Eltinge's and Jacob Hasbrouck's bouerys 
from the " pature a coshon [Hog Pasture] of Roelif Elting." 
The bowerys are set aside for the persons above named. 

Next 'the pature a coshon of Roelif Eltinge is set aside 
to him and his heirs forever. Then, passing by all the lots 
in the village without any mention, as their bounds were 
already definitely settled, the record next says, "And further 
the elected men proceeded to settle the division between the 
bowereys [farms] lying at the south side of the New Paltz 
called formerly Plat Campaine and now by the name of the 
Plane [Paltz Plains] and the Common and undivided land, 
to begin at the mouth of a small run, where it empties itself 
into the Wallkill, known by the names of Hugoes Frere's 
Mill Creek [the brook at the brick yard], and running along 
the mill creek as he winds southerly as far as the creek 
makes a turn into the woods and from thence to a stone set 
in the ground at the gate of Roelof Eltinge [now the Edmund 
Eltinge place] by the wood side and from thence to another 
stone set in the ground, near the division line of Solomon 
DuBois and the New Paltz and from thence running along 
the bounds of Solomon DuBois to the Wallkill, aforesaid, and 


from thence as the River winds to the mouth of the small 
run or Mill Creek first mentioned, comprehending the lots 
of Roelof Eltinge, Daniel DuBois, John LeFevre and Louis 
Bevier, within these bounds and the lots shall be and remain 
unto the respective owners as they have got them in their 
actual possession. 

Having finished, the Twelve Men return to the Klein 
Bontekoe to give a more complete description of the small 
lots there as follows : "And it is further agreed by the majority 
of the twelve elected men on the Klein Bontekoe that the 
owners of the respective lots shall run from the Wallkill and 
extend from thence westerly the full breadth of each lot as 
the stones range so far westerly as the west side of Jonah 
Freer's house, except the division line between Jonah Freer's 
lot and the heirs of Catharine Danielson [Donaldson] the run 
shall be the division between the two lots." 

" It is also further ordered that there shall be twelve stones 
set at the mountain of an equal distance and that every lot 
shall run from the stone set in the ground the distance from 
ye creek as Jonah Freer's house is and then to run every 
lot with a direct line to the mountain and every lot shall be 
to them and their assigns, forever." 

" In testimony whereof the twelve elected men or the major 
part of them have set their hands the tenth day of October, 
in the twelfth year of his majesty's reign of George the sec- 
ond, over Great Britain, France and Ireland, Anno Domini, 


This document shows the method of procedure taken by 
the Duzine in reference to lands along the Wallkill in cases 
where the bounds of lots had not been previously located or 
defined with exactness. A considerable portion of the lots 
are not mentioned at all, for the reason, no doubt, that the 


bounds were already exactly understood. Some of the names 
of localities mentioned in this paper have come down to the 
present day Klein Bontekoe, Grote Bontecoe, Bontekous kill, 
Rompassy, Avenjier. But the brook passing through the 
southern part of our village is no longer known as Hugo 
Freer's Mill brook or the brook on the north side of James 
E. Deyo's farm as the Bever kill. 

Following the account of the action, in 1738 in the division 
of lands along the Wallkill comes a memorandum, in 1755, 
stating it had been found that a mistake had been made in 
the division between the bowery of Solomon Hasbrouck and 
others north of the village and that there were still undivided 
lands lying at what is now known as Middletown, between 
the lands of Solomon Hasbrouck and those of Geesje Ean, 
widow of Jan Ean; therefore the action of the Twelve Men 
was ordered revoked as far as this particular division was 

Following this memorandum comes an account of the draw- 
ing made by the Duzine in 1739 of lands on the west side of 
the Wallkill, west of the old divided lands and extending 
from the Grote Stuck bridge to the Humpon [Humpo] the 
whole tract being divided into twelve lots and each lot being 
drawn by one of the Duzine, descended from that one of 
the original Patentees whom he represented in the Duzine. 

The first lot commencing at a run of water " which run- 
neth through the olinut [Butternut, the ancient name of the 
Butterville neighborhood] running to the extent of the Patent 
on the Great Hill, was drawn by Daniel Hasbrouck and fell 
to the Patentee's share of Christian Deyo, deceased (known 
as Grandpere's lot)." 

" Lot No. 2, being on the west side of the old land as 
aforesaid and extending westerly to the extent of the Patent 


on the Great Hill was drawn by Abraham Deyo, one of the 
elected men, and fell to the Patentee's share of piter Deyo 
deceased or those who may legally represent him, as by the 
last will and testament or deed of conveyance may appear." 

Each of the lots extended from the divided land to the 
top of the mountain. The width of the lots is not stated in 
any case. The phraseology in the notice of the lots is about 
the same all through. Lot No. 3 was drawn by Josiah Elting 
" and fell to the Patentees' share of Louis DuBois and Abra- 
ham DuBois, deceased, or either of them." 

Lot No. 5 was drawn by Solomon Hasbrouck for the Paten- 
tee's share of Abraham Hasbrouck. Lot No. 6 was drawn 
by Jacob Hasbrouck for the Patentee's share of Jean Has- 
brouck. Lot No. 7 was drawn by Jean LeFevre for the Paten- 
tee's share of Andries LeFevre and Simon LeFevre. Lot No. 
8, beginning at the west of the old divided land as aforesaid, 
being from a stone set in the ground, numbered 8 and one 
other stone, likewise No. 8 and being in breadth, northerly, 
to the Lot No. 9 and extending as said stones ranges to the 
extent of the Patent on the Great Hill was drawn by Daniel 
DuBois for the Patentee's share of Isaac DuBois. No. 9 
was drawn by Jean Terpening for the Patentee's share of 
Hugo Freer. Lot No. 10 was drawn by Isaac LeFevre for 
the Patentee's share of Simon LeFevre or Andries LeFevre. 
Lot No. ii was drawn by Jean Fan for the Patentee's share 
of Anthony Crispell. Lot No. 12, being " in breadth northerly 
to the land of Daniel DuBois at the Humpon [Humpo] and 
running up the creek of the Hompon, was drawn by Samuel 
Bevier for the Patentee's share of Louis Bevier. 

Then going on north the Twelve Men again make out 
twelve more lots, beginning " by the founteintje [spring] called 
new Bouri " at a stone set in the ground on the west side of the 


King's highway. Lot No. 5 extended to the Little Bontekou 
of Samuel Bevier. Lot No. 6 began at the north east bound 
of the Little Bontekoe. Lot 8 was marked " by a stone set 
in the ground on the east side of the King's road by the 
creek and also one stone set in the ground near the mountain, 
both stones being marked with the number 8." Lot No. 12 
extended as far as the Beaver kill " then down along the 
Beaver kill to the Wallkill." 

In 1745 the Duzine proceeded to settle the partitions and 
divisions of all the lots on the west side of Hudson's River, 
beginning at Juffrou's Hook and extending to the Little 
Esopus Island, the whole territory being divided into twenty- 
four lots by the Twelve Men: 

Lot No. i began " by a certain gully, on the bank of the 
River, where a small run of water empties itself into the 
River and a tree marked with the letters P L [Paltz Limits] 
and several other marks, which tree stands on the north 
side of said gully. The house of Deni [Relyea] stands on 
Jjie south side of said gully, which said house by said gully 
is .deemed and esteemed to be Juffrau's Hook as aforesaid, 
and we take it to be so likewise; from thence running north- 
westerly into the woods to a stone marked No. i and further 
into the woods to another stone, also [marked] No. i and 
being in breadth, northerly along Hudson's River to. the Lot 
No. 2 and extending northwesterly from Hudson's River to 
the stones set for said lot, ranges three miles into the woods : 
which said Lot No. i being drawn by Samuel Bevier, one 
of the elected Twelve Men for the Patentee's share of Louis 

Twelve lots, extending northward, along the River, are 
^divided in this manner. Each lot extended three miles into 


the woods. The breadth of the lots is not given. Having 
divided the twelve lots the Duzine proceeded northward with 
the drawing of twelve more lots called the " Northern Lots." 
No mention is made of any survey or any surveyor. Two 
stones were set in the ground in each case. 

Further proceedings of the Duzine are found in their book 
as follows: 

In 1749 appears a memorandum stating that a mistake had 
been made in the apportionment for Granpere's lot on the 
southwest bounds of the Patent and that therefore something 
should be added to this lot on the east side of the Paltz creek 
on the north side of Granpere's " Patture a coshon." This 
memorandum is signed by the Duzine for that year. 

In 1763 the. previous land divisions are rehearsed and the 
previous division by parole alluded to and a further division 
made of twenty-four lots on the east side of the Wallkill, 
east of the lands previously allotted. This time the division 
is made by a surveyor's description for the first time. Louis 
Bevier was the surveyor employed. 

, All of the divided lots extended about a mile east to what 
is now the Put Corners road or its extension north. ., 

Lot No. i commenced on the south bounds of the patent, 
at the bowery of Louis Bevier, at a stone set in the ground 
on the east side of a run of water which comes from Nathaniel 
LeFevre. This lot was drawn by John Hasbrouck. It is the 
Daniel Rose farm of our day. 

Lot No. 2 began on the north side of the bridge which 
goes to Louis Bevier's bowery and running along a little 
creek to the great kill, then along the great kill to the "Grote 
wy, so called in Dutch " of Samuel Bevier. This was drawn 
by Nathaniel LeFevre. 


In the description of lot No. 3 mention is made of Josias 
Elting's " schapen \vy " [sheep pasture] and " grote wy " 
[big pasture]. 

In the description of lot No. 4 mention is made of Josias 
Elting's " schapen wy " and of a lane which goes into the 
woods; also of Abm. Deyo's orchard and of Petronalla Le- 
Fevre's hog pasture. This lot was drawn by Abm. Deyo 
and is, we think, the farm north of the turnpike, which came 
down from one Abm. Deyo to another to modern times. The 
lane mentioned as running into the woods is, we think, the 
turnpike of our day. 

In the description of lot No. 5 mention is made of different 
hog pastures. 

The description of lot No. 6 speaks of the pasture of the 
heirs of Daniel Hasbrouck and of the old dam [now the 
dam of Perry Deyo's ice pond]. 

In lot No. 7 mention is again made of hog pastures and 
of the addition here made to Granpere's lot on account of 
Granpere's lot on the other side of the Wallkill in the former 

In the description of lots No. 8, 9 and 10 allusion is again 
made to hog pastures which lay along the western bounds 
of these lots. No. 8 was drawn by Hugo Freer, Jr., No. 9 
by Simon DuBois and No. 10 by Josias Elting. Mention is 
here made of a lane, which must be the Shivertown road of 
the present day. 

Lot No. ii was drawn by Elias Ean, senior, for the Paten- 
tee's share of Anthony Crispell and is without doubt the farm 
which descended in the next generation to Elias Ean, Jun., 
and then to his son James Ean. 

Lot No. 12 commenced at the bowery of Solomon Has- 
brouck, which lay to the west. This was drawn by Johannes 
LeFevre for Granpere. 


The division into twelve lots comprising the south division 
of the first tier was now concluded, the land being divided 
as far north as the present Middletown school house. Here 
a lane was located and twelve more lots laid out. The 
ground to the east was so rough and hilly that the lane 
was moved farther north. 

Lot No. i of the second division commenced at the present 
Middletown school house. It extended along the lane, with 
the bowery of Solomon Hasbrouck to the west. 

Lot No. 2, which was the only one lying on the west side 
of the present highway, is described as follows : " From the 
Great Hill and along the same as it runs northerly to the 
bowery of John Ean, deceased, to a mark on a rock, being 
marked for the said bowery; being sixty links from the 
southwest corner of the house of said Ean, then south forty- 
two degrees, east six chains and twenty-five links to a stone 
by the edge of the kill, by or near the Bontekous kill, then 
up said kill as it runs, easterly, including all the turnings 
and windings of the same to a stone standing on the end of 
lot No. 4, one chain and thirty-four links from the house 
made by Christopher Deyo." [This must be what is now 
the Edmund Rosa house.] 

Lot No. 3 commenced on the north bounds of lot No. I, 
on top of the Middletown hill. Here by the east side of 
the present road was still to be seen in modern times a stone 
set in the ground and marked with a figure 3. 

Lot No. 5 was drawn by Jacob Hasbrouck, for the Paten- 
tee's share of Jean Hasbrouck. This lot is still owned in 
the family and is in woods except the western part, which 
is the Charles A. Johnston place. 

Lot No. 6 was drawn by Petrus LeFevre and is now the 
property of Simon LeFevre. 


In the description of lot No. 7, now the Dr. Green farm, 
it is simply said on the west that it runs along the old divided 
land. This lot was drawn by John Hasbrouck for the Paten- 
tee's share of Abraham Hasbrouck. 

Lot 9 ran along the old divided land till it came to a 
little creek and land formerly of Christian Deyo, deceased; 
then through a little strip of undivided land. This was 
drawn by Hugo Freer, Jr., for the Patentee's share of Hugo 

Lot 10 ran along old divided land to the land of Jacob 

Lot II ran to the lane. [Is this the lane just south of the 
Bontecoe school house?] 

Lot 12 ran along the old divided land of Hugo Freer to 
a stone set by the Great Creek, then along said creek to the 
line called Graham's line. [That is the line marking the 
north bounds of the Patent, run by Aug. Graham in 1709.} 
Then to the rock which lies at Patture's Killtje. 



The last divisions of land in the Patent were made in 1762 
and in 1772. 

The division made in 1762 comprised the territory extend- 
ing eastward from what is now known as the Put Corners 

In the record of this division mention is made of the line 
run by Graham from the Esopus Island (now Pell's Island) 
to the rock at Patture's Killtje. The lots divided in 1762 ex- 
tend east to the lots laid out in 1743 along the River, which 
extend three miles back from the Hudson into the woods. In 
this division in 1762 mention is made of 12 lots from the Fly 
to the mountain over the Swartz Kill. Mention is also made 


of " one other parcel of land which is laid out for a place to 
build a church on and is added to said lot to be drawn with 
the same, lying on the east side of the little run that runneth 
out of Abraham Deyo's pasture." We can not from the de- 
scription locate the spot reserved for the building of a church, 
but think it must have been about where Plutarch now is. 

Ten years afterwards on the 28th day of November, 1772, 
the twelve men made the final division of lands in the Patent. 
The territory to be divided was cut up into 24 lots, one half 
of the number lying easterly of the second tier on the east 
side of the Big Meadow; also 12 lots lying along Graham's 
line at the Barrens, and bounded southerly by Graham's line, 
easterly by the River lots, northerly by lot No. 17 the lots over 
the Fly; westerly by No. 12 of the small lots along Graham's 
line over the Fly. 

We are not familiar with the locality, but it must be some- 
where in the central western part of the present town of 

It is said that the tract usually called Pang Yang, lying 
about three miles north west of the present village of Lloyd, 
was never divided, probably on account of the poverty of the 
soil. This afforded the unique people called Pang Yangers 
opportunity to locate there. It is stated that they came from 
Dutchess county, probably about 1800. They were noted for 
their extreme poverty and general shiftlessness. At one time 
there were about 20 voters in Pang Yang. Gradually they 
moved to other places. 


One of the two books of the Duzine is taken up almost 
altogether with an account of the law suits carried on in re- 
gard to the boundaries of the Patent. This litigation lasted 


over half a century. It related mainly to the south bounds 
of the Patent and the location of Juffrou's Hook, which was 
mentioned in Gov. Andros' grant as the south east corner of 
the Patent. 

In the grant of the patent the four corners are set down 
as Moggonck, Juffrous Hook. Raphoos and Tawaratague. 

The tract was irregular in shape. It had a frontage of 
about twelve miles on the river and six miles on the mountains. 
Its north line was about eight miles long and its south line 
twelve miles in length. 

The table rock at Paltz Point was reckoned in surveys 
as the starting point or Moggonck ; the southernmost point of 
Pell's Island in the Hudson is Raphoos; the white, marked 
rock in the mountain, just west of Rosendale Plains is 
Tawartague. These points were never disputed; but the de- 
cision as to what spot on the River was Juffrous Hook was 
not arrived at until it had been 44 years in dispute and the 
final decision was a great disappointment to the New Paltz 
people. This was without doubt the most important legal con- 
test ever carried on in New Paltz and able lawyers were em- 
ployed. Blue Point, as it is now called, was finally determined 
in 1794 to be Juffrous Hook. The New Paltz people had 
claimed that Juffrous Hook was a spot half a mile further 
down the Hudson, about i l /2 miles north of Milton. 

Aug. Graham, surveyor-general, who made a survey and 
draft of the entire Patent in 1709, had designated this point as 
Juffrous Hook and marked a line of trees all the way thence 
to Moggonck. Cadwalader Golden had run the south line oi 
the Patent in 1729 and his survey agreed with that of Graham. 
Fifteen years after this we have an intimation that troub'e 
concerning the boundaries must be prepared for in the famous 
compact of 1744, in which the owners of the Patent, 34 in all, 


bind themselves for fifteen years to pay all assessments made 
by the Duzine in defending the title of any owner. The next 
year the Duzine divided all the land along the Hudson, ex- 
tending three miles back into the woods. 

They commenced at the southeast corner of the Patent. 
The record in their book in the safe in our town clerk's office 
says that Lot No. I began " by a certain gully on the bank 
of the river, where a small run of water empties itself into 
the river and a tree marked with the letters P. L. [Paltz 
Limits] and several other marks, which tree stands on the 
north side of said gully. The house of Deni [Relyea] stands 
on the south side of said gully, which house, by said gully, 
is deemed and esteemed to be JufFrous Hook and we take it to 
be so likewise." In 1750 the litigation seems to have begun 
as is shown by several affidavits of that date still preserved in 
the town clerk's office. In 1752 the legal hostilities actually 
commenced. The same year another survey of the entire 
Patent was made. Charles Clinton was employed to do the 
work. He was paid 10 and his chainbearer ten shillings. 
Clinton's map, still preserved in the town clerk's office, is on 
parchment. It does not disturb Jtiffrous Hook and makes the 
total area of the Patent 39,873 acres. A beech tree on the 
river is set down as the starting point. 

The- following affidavits, made in 1750, give a presentation 
of the other side of the case and give also valuable historical 


Examination of Peter Winne of the city of Albany, mariner, 
pursuant to an order of governor in council of this day, taken 
upon oath before me, Simon Johnson, recorder, and one of his 
Majesty's justices of the peace for the city and county of 


New York; this deponent saith that he hath no interest in ye 
patent called ye New Paltz, that he knows the point commonly 
called Juffrous Hook, that it lies in ye long reach between the 
Dance Chamber and Crom Elbow, that the said Point, so 
long as he can remember, which is upwards of 40 years, is 
ye point of land or high, rocky hill putting into ye river, that 
ye same point lyes northward of a valley where Mr. Dennis 
[Relyea] lived and, according to his judgment, is between 
half a mile and 'a mile distance from said settlement, that he 
knows not nor has heard of any other place between the set- 
tlement and point aforesaid called Juffrous Hook, that he does 
not know where the south bounds of the Paltz extends or 
terminates, that if he had seen a sloop lying southward or 
northward of the said point and any one had asked him where 
that sloop lay he would have answered below the point if 
she lay southward of the point; but if northward he would 
say above ye point of Juffrous Hook, and if abreast of ye 
point he would say opposite Juffrous Hook. 

Cross examined by Mr. Abraham Hasbrouck ; saith that he 
does not know nor hath not heard of a place to the southward 
of the point called Maagratramis, that if he in a sloop should 
lie south or north of the point of said Juffrous Hook and 
should be asked by any one where he had been at anchor he 
would say in a general way, at Juffrous Hook; but if asked, 
just at ye hook w'd say southward or northward. Even 
Should he be half a mile or a whole mile on the one side or 
the other he would say that he had been at Juffrous Hook; 
but if asked particularly would answer as above said, that he 
don't know where the north bound of the land late of John 
Barberie is. 


Acknowledged and sworn to this Qth of August, 1750. 



Abraham Dow of full age of the city of Albany, mariner, 
being examined in manner aforesaid, saith the same in sub- 
stance as Peter Winne, only differing as followeth; that for 
20 years he hath sailed the Hudsons river as skipper between 
New York and Albany, that should he in a sloop lye exceeding 
half mile distance south or north of ye point of Juffrous Hook 
and any one should ask him where he had lain he would say, 
above the hook or below the hook, but if within less than half a 
mile he would say, he lay at Juffrous Hook. 

Cross examined by Mr. Hasbrouck: 

If his sloop should lie opposite the settlement of Denie he 
would say, at Denie's or Juffrous Hook ; if he were to show 
any one where Juffrous Hook was he would show the point 
extending furthest into the River. 


Acknowledged and sworn to. 


Joseph Tompkins of Ulster county, of full age, being ex- 
amined, pursuant to an order of governor in council says that 
he hath no interest in the Paltz Patent, that he knows the 
point or hook called Juffrous Hook and hath known the same 
about 30 years, that there is a rocky part of ye point, putting 
out into Hudson's River, which rocky point he understands to 
be Juffrous Hook; that he knows of no other place called 
Juffrous Hook between the Crom Elbow and the Dance Cham- 
ber; that he was present and saw two old Indians and one 
young one show to Henry Vanderburgh, Col. Moore and some 
others a red cedar tree with ye top cut off and said that tree 
was ye Paltz bounds and that the Paltz land lay all to 


ye north side of said cedar tree; that said cedar tree stood 
about three or four rods from ye river and on ye point that 
extended furthest into ye river; that so long as this deponent 
has known the hook aforesaid, being about 30 years he hath 
known a beech tree standing near Hudson's river about north- 
easterly from the house of old Dennie, just on ye north side of 
a gully there, ranging between the house and said tree; that 
the deponent saw the Paltz people sett out to run their line 
from that tree and that the owners of the Paltz land had, all 
the time he knew that country, claimed to that tree as their 
south bounds; that he never heard the place called Juffrous 
Hook, where the said beech tree stood; that he has not heard 
any part of ye bluff called Juffrous Hook, but the Point ('ex- 
cept by ye Paltz people) and they said the Hook extended to 
the beech tree; that he believes the distance from the beech 
tree to Juffrous Hook may be about 50 chains. 

Cross examined and being asked if he did not understand 
and believe when the cedar tree was shown to Mr. Vander- 
bergh and Col. Moore, as aforesaid, did he not understand that 
Col. Moore was executor of one of the Barberies and acted in 
behalf of children of Mr. Barberie, answered that he under- 
stood it so, for he heard Col. Moore say he must look after 
the estate and further saith that Mr. Vanderbergh, by order 
of Col. Moore, began at ye aforesaid cedar tree and run a line 
from thence to ye New Paltz line, but how far he run the line 
he can not remember; that when he first settled there on the 
Barberie land he saw a line of old marked trees extending from 
ye aforesaid beech tree ye whole length of Mr. Barberie's land, 
but whether further or not he don't know ; that he heard and 
understood that old Mr. Dennie had liberty of ye Paltz people 
to clear land and till ye same on ye north side of the said 
line and that he did clear some land there by the said liberty 


and that the said line was esteemed, as he had heard, the 
south bounds of the Paltz patent and further this deponent 
saith not. 


Sworn this ninth of August, Anno Dom, 1750, before ma 
S. Johnson. 


Wm. Beekman of the city of New York, about 64 years of 
age, being examined and sworn pursuant to an order of gov- 
ernor in council of this day saith : That he hath no interest in 
ye Paltz Patent, that he knows the point commonly called 
Juffrous Hook, that it is a high bluff, extended into Hudsons 
river on west side ; that about 48 years ago he was with his 
father on his sloop, that some of the Patentees of the Paltz 
were also on board on their passage, that the said Patentees 
showed this deponent's father and himself a red cedar tree 
standing on ye pitch of ye point called Juffrous Hook just by 
the water; said cedar tree the said Patentees said was the 
south bound of their patent that the patent began there; the 
stump of which tree this deponent hath seen about eight years 
last past as he thinks, that he never heard of any other place 
called or pretended for the south bounds of the Paltz patent 
but the point of said Hook which extends furthest into said 
river ; that on or near 40 years past he was in ye house of old 
Dennie, [Relyea] or about the beginning of his settle [settle- 
ment] that ye house as well as he remembers stood about 
half a mile or more distance from the point of Juffrous Hook 
and on the south side of said point, that the said Juffrous 
Hook and cedar tree, showed to him as aforesaid, lies be- 
tween the Dance Chamber and Crom Elbow. 


Cross examined by Mr. Hasbrouck the deponent saith that 
he never heard of any place at or near Juffrous Hook called 
Magatramis, that if he in a boat lay half a mile south or north 
of ye point of Juffrous Hook and should be asked where he 
had lain he would answer in like manner as Peter Winne in 
his examination hath answered ye like question ; that Abraham 
Hasbrouck and Lewis Davo [ ?] and Abraham DuBois were 
the persons who showed him the cedar tree and Juffrous Hook 
as aforesaid, whom he understood were Patentees. Further, 
deponent saith not. 


Sworn the Qth of August, 1750, before S. Johnson. 

After 1750, the date when the above affidavits were made, 
there is an interval of 44 years, during which there are among 
the papers of the Duzine no accounts of the litigation except 
the names of the lawyers employed, the record of large sums 
of money raised to defend the Patent and the names of per- 
sons against whom ejectment suits were carried on. There 
were evidently lawsuits in regard to other boundary lines like- 
wise, though these were of much less importance. 

The first entry in the book of the Duzine in regard to these 
lawsuits is in 1752 when Johannes Hardenbergh is paid for the 
attorney 3 and Jonas Freer is allowed 8 shillings for payment 
to the sheriff for arresting a man ; Jacob Hasbrouck and Josias 
Elting are paid for furnishing meat, drink, lodging and rum 
for surveyor and chainbearer when the New Paltz line was 
run and Josias Elting is allowed 6 shillings for " carrying a 
letter over the River to go to New York to the attorney." 

In the same year, 1/52, appears the names of the first at- 
torneys employed, Abm. Lodge and .Wm. Alsop, who received 
5 each. Another entry shows that the Duzine paid the claim 


of several gentlemen " for expenses they paid to treat Alsop 
and Mr. Lodge when they met at New York about a sute." 

In 1754 the sum of 4 is subscribed and it is ordered that 
Josias Elting and Matthew Allen go to Kingston to deliver the 
money and letter to the skipper, to deliver the same to the. at- 
torneys in New York and the major part of the twelve men 
shall stand jointly with them to defend them if they become 
security for an order of ejectment begun against Isaac Tomp- 
kins in the possession of the New Paltz. Next follows an 
order to pay Wm. Smith 5 to carry on the ejectment suit 
against Isaac Tompkins. 

In 1760 Louis Bevier is paid his bill for surveying part of 
the land in the Patents. 

In 1773 an appropriation is voted of 30 as a retaining fee 
to defend the boundaries of the Patent and Capt. Noah Elting 
is allowed 8 shillings for going to confer with Mr. Clinton in 
behalf of the Twelve Men. 

In 1780 the very large sum of 600 is raised by the Duzine 
and in the various items of expense appears a retaining fee of 
200 for Egbert Benson who was a noted lawyer in those days. 

In 1781 the sum of 50 is raised. In 1784 the sum of 25 
is voted and in this case a suit against another man Stephen 
Case, is mentioned. 

In 1791 there is the further sum of 150 raised for carrying 
on the suits. In 1793 the Duzine voted to raise the sum of 
200 to " defend the Patent " and they resolved to commence 
a suit for ejectment against Titus Ketcham and to defend the 
ejectment suit of Stephen Case against Peter Palmatier. 

A committee consisting of Petrus Hasbrouck, Petrus Le- 
Fevre, Jr., Josiah Hasbrouck, Andries LeFevre and Daniel 
DuBois is appointed to look after these lawsuits and to pro- 
cure persons and papers and they are to be allowed 8 shillings 


a day for actual service in the county and 10 shillings a day 
when out of the county. 

In 1794 we have a new chapter in the story of the litigation 
concerning Juffrous Hook an affidavit on the New Paltz side 
of the case; also Judge Lewis' report of his charge to the 
jury and a letter from John Addison, lawyer for the Duzine, 
to Col. Josiah Hasbrouck intimating that a continuation of 
the litigation was practically hopeless. 


Jacob Turck being sworn deposes and says .that he is 
upwards of 74 years of age, that when he was a boy about 
12 years of age he went to New York with his mother, and 
the skipper showed him the house of Denie Ralyea for Juffrous 
Hook; that he commenced boating in 1744 ; that in going down 
and coming up the river he never knew any other place for 
Juffrous Hook; that the Point [Blue Point] was not then 
called the Hook, but was about a quarter of a mile to the north- 
wards of Dennis' house; that when he came to anchor they 
generally ran round the point into the hook for shelter; never 
heard of the Point being called the Hook until the dispute be- 
tween Went worth and the Paltz people. 


Sworn to this third of May, 1794, before me Mos. Ferris. 


In the case of James Jackson, on the demise of Andries 
LeFevre, Jn. vs. Titus Ketcham in ejectment for lands in 
the town of New Paltz in the county of Ulster the single 
question of agreement of the parties submitted to the jury was 
the southern bounds of the patent of New Paltz. 


The grant was made the 29th day of September, 1677 and 
is bounded on the south by a line run from the high hills 
called Moggonck to a certain point or hook in the River called 
the Juffrous Hook, lying in the long reach called by the 
Indians Magaatramis. 

The plaintiff's deduction of title was admitted and it was 
agreed that Moggonck was the place now called Paltz Point 
on Shawangunk mountains, which left the jury to ascertain the 
single fact of which was Juffrous Hook, the plaintiff insist- 
ing that the Hook was the head of an inlet or bay of the 
Hudson's River, and the defendant that it was the middle- 
most of three points jutting into the said River about 50 chains 
north of the place set up by the plaintiff and forming the 
northern headland of the aforesaid bay. 

To establish the reputation of the country as to this fact 
parol testimony was introduced on both sides, but the weight 
of evidence, arising from the number of witnesses, the facts 
they related, their means of information, and the definition 
of the terms Hook or Point was clearly and satisfactorily to 
my mind in favor of the defendant. The plaintiff gave in 
further evidence a line of old marked trees counting 85 years, 
extending from Moggonck to a beech stump, which in the 
memory of one of the witnesses had been also a marked tree 
and stood a little to the northward of the place set up by him 
for the Hook. This witness furthermore deposed that that 
beech tree was considered the south bounds of the Paltz by 
his father who lived near it; but the witness had not been at 
the place since the age of 14, until the view and his father 
died before he left the place. He was now 80 years old. No 
evidence was given of the occasion on which those trees were 
marked or by whom it was done. 


The plaintiff next introduced a patent of the I2th of May, 
1748, to Noah Elting and Nathaniel LeFevre for lands lying 
south of and adjoining to the line by him set up, recognizing 
the line of old, marked trees as the south bounds of the patent 
of New Paltz. This recognition was, however, nearly in the 
terms of the petition on which the patent was granted the 
petitioners, showing that the lands applied for were adjoining 
those of New Paltz and Elting and LeFevre were both proved 
to have been at the time of the last mentioned grant proprietors 
in the Paltz patent. Evidence was next given of sundry 
possessions, seven or eight in number, under the Paltz title, 
north of the line set up by the plaintiff, none of which exceeded 
33 years and few which reached that period. A patent to 
Jacob and Abraham Hasbrouck and others of June 2Oth, 1753, 
recognizing the old line of marked trees and the corner of 
Noah Elting's lot therein, but without mentioning it as the 
bounds of the Paltz patent, closed the testimony on the part 
of the plaintiff. 

The defendant showed that these last mentioned patentees 
were also proprietors in the Paltz patent and closed his proof 
with the production of a patent of July I3th, 1751 to Hugh 
Wentworth for a tract of land, beginning at Hudson's River 
at the middlemost of three out jutting points commonly called 
Juffrous Hook or Point and running thence to Paltz point. 

In summing up the evidence I observed to the jury that 
there was but a single point in the case on which they were to 
decide and that was where is Juffrous Hook; that the lights 
by which they must be guided were the words of the Grant, 
the meaning of the two governing terms Point or Hook, the 
parol testimony as to the place intended, the course of the 
southern boundary line as given in the grant, the recognitions 
to be met with in subsequent grants, the line of marked trees 


and the different possessions. I observed to the jury that the 
description of lands in the subsequent patents introduced in 
vidence, could not be taken for recognition on the part of the 
government, first; because of the absurdity of supposing that 
the government would acknowledge both lines ; secondly these 
grants, especially Elting's, like all the grants I have met with 
in the country, passed upon the petition of the party setting 
forth the bounds of the tract applied for and were therefore 
not to be considered as issuing ex mero motre but at the 
suit of the party; the descriptions for this reason as well as 
for his interest in the Paltz patent were rather his sugges- 
tions than the act of the Crown. Respecting the line of 
marked trees my observations were that its not being coeval 
with the patent showed that it was not run for the purpose of 
predicating the patent on it; that the circumstance of its be- 
ing 33 years younger than the patent, it not appearing by 
whom or for what purpose it was run, the probability of its 
being an ex parte act, lessened considerably its weight in the 
scale of testimony. 

It is not necessary for me further to detail the charge, 
having stated everything so far as memory serves me, (which 
is the only source, from the manner of conducting the exam- 
ination) necessary for the plaintiff's purpose. 

The verdict in my opinion was well warranted by the evi- 
dence and as satisfactory a one to me as ever I received in a 
contested cause. 

JOHN McKissoN, Clerk. 

Dated, Oct. 3Oth, 1794. 


John Addison of Kingston, the attorney who had conducted 
the litigation for the New Paltz people, wrote to Col. Josiah 


Hasbrouck as follows, under date of Nov. 3d, 1794, enclosing 
Judge Lewis' report: 

Sir: Inclosed is a certified copy of Judge Lewis' report in 
the case of LeFevre vs. Ketchpon on the motion for a new 
trial. On hearing the report Mr. Van Vechten and myself are 
of the opinion that it would be a fruitless attempt to persevere 
in the motion for a new trial. You will perceive the judge's 
report is strong against us, and as our arguments would be 
tested by the report only, it would contradict the strength of 
every argument we would bring forward. How far the Judge 
is right or wrong the Trustees may in part judge as well as we. 
In the present instance his opinion would prevail ; at least 
would have a strong operation against us. Whatever determi- 
nation the Twelve Men shall see fit to take in future shall 
be faithfully attended to by their most obedient 


Josiah Hasbrouck, Esq. 

It is not probable that the Duzine continued the litigation 
concerning Juffrous Hook. 

In 1796 appears the following entry : " Memorandum : that 
the twelve men have been paid for defending the ejectment 
brought by Titus Ketcham against Geo. Wurts, Simeon Low, 
Gilbert Saxton, David Saffer, Joseph Coddington and Peter 
Green, 151, us 7d which money has been paid by Peter 
LeFevre, Jun. [grandfather.] 

The book of the Duzine contains accounts of the further 
expenditures of large sums of money from time to time in 
defending the Patent though it is not stated what portion of 
the boundary line was in dispute and it is quite certain that 
there was no further litigation concerning Juffrous Hook. 

In 1796, appears an entry showing that Aaron Burr had 
been paid 20 for his services as attorney. 


In 1798 the sum of 200 is called for to defend the boun- 
daries of he Patent and each of the Twelve Men proceeds to 
raise his proportion of that sum. 

In 1801 appears another call for money to defend the Patent 
and 400 is the amount needed. 

In 1804 there is an entry on the other side of the account 
and Philip Elting paid the Twelve Men 48 received of Titus 

In 1809 there is reference made to a suit between New 
Paltz and Marbletown concerning the boundary line. It is not 
stated how the suit terminated, but the writer remembers hav- 
ing heard when a child that the Duzine employed Aaron Burr 
as their attorney and that they won the case. 

After this date there is no entry of any importance but 
merely the mention each year of the names of the twelve 
men elected until in 1824 when the record stops altogether, 
showing that the elections of the Duzine had ceased. The 
fact that there are a number of blank pages following the 
last entry of names show that the record had not been 
transferred to another book. 

The very last record in the book follows the usual phrase- 
ology and is as follows : " At the annual town meeting of 
the free holders and inhabitants of the town of New Paltz on 
the first Tuesday of April, 1824, the following persons were 
chosen and elected by plurality of the votes of the freeholders 
and inhabitants in pursuance of a certain instrument of writing 
made for that purpose: For the patentee's share of Jean 
Hasbrouck, Jacob J. Hasbrouck ; for the patentee's share of 
Abraham Hasbrouck, Samuel Hasbrouck; for the patentee's 
share of Louis DuBois, Philip Elting ; for the patentee's share 
of Anthony Crispell, Elias Ean; for the patentee's share of 
Simon LeFevre, Matthew LeFevre; for the patentee's share 


of Andries LeFevre, Peter LeFevre; for the patentee's share 
of Hugo Freer, Elias Freer; for the patentee's share of Chris- 
tian Deyo, Benjamin H. Deyo; for the patentee's share of 
Peter Deyo, Wm. Deyo; for the patentee's share of Louis 
Bevier, Samuel DuBois; for the patentee's share of Abraham 
DuBois, Ezekiel Elting; for the patentee's share of Isaac Du- 
Bois, Daniel DuBois." To the list of persons chosen as the 
Duzine for that year is added the usual statement that all 
accepted the position. 

This ends the record of a most extraordinary body of men, 
whose existence continued from 1728 until 1824, a period of 
very nearly 100 years. As far as their records show the only 
power they exercised was in the government of undivided 
land, the division of lands, the raising of money to' defend 
the title and the employment of lawyers for the purpose, but 
there is reason to think that they performed other duties not 
recorded in the books that have come down to us and of 
which probably no permanent record was made. 





In 1747 George II being King and George Clinton Captain- 
General of the province of New York, there was granted to 
Noah Elting and Nathaniel LeFevre a patent for three tracts 
of land comprising about 2,500 acres, lying south of the Paltz 
Patent and to a great extent between the Paltz Patent and 
the patent granted in 1688 to Louis DuBois. This territory 
or a great part of it had been at one time supposed to be 
within the bounds of the Paltz Patent. It had beeYi however 
partially and perhaps wholly granted by patent to Capt. John 
Evans and this patent subsequently revoked. 

In the Memorial House are two maps, long preserved in 
the Patentees' trunk, showing the south bounds of the Paltz 
Patent and showing also the other small patents, which had 
been granted along its southern line. It was finally decided 
that the south bounds of the Paltz Patent was a straight line 
from Table Rock at what is now known as Sky Top, to the 
Hudson river at Juffrou's Hook. The patent to Noah Elting 
and Nathaniel LeFevre is among the papers of the late Ed- 
mund Eltinge. It is on broad parchment, with the great seal 
of the province of New York attached. This seal is 4^ 
inches in diameter. On one side is a figure representing 
Indians on their knees before a white man, on the other side 
is a lion rampant. The patent is as follows: 

George the Second, by the grace of God of Great Britain, 
France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, etc. To 
all to whom these presents shall come greeting: whereas our 


loving subjects Noah Elting and Nathaniel Lefever, did by 
their humble petition, presented to our trusty and well beloved 
George Clinton Captain-General and Governor-in-chief of our 
province of New York and territories thereon depending in 
America, vice-admiral of the same and vice-admiral of the 
Red Squadron of our fleet. In Council on the fifteenth day 
of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and forty-seven, pray our letters-patent for three thou- 
sand acres of two or more pieces or parcels of vacant lands 
vested in us, lying and being in the county of Ulster, adjoin- 
ing to the lands of the township of New Paltz and the lands 
of the petitioners, or for so much thereof as upon a survey 
should be found vacant and unpatented, which lands are part 
of the lands formerly granted to Capt. John Evans, the 
patent whereof has been since vacated and the lands re- 
assumed and the said petition having been then and there 
read and considered by our Council of our said province did 
afterwards, to-wit on the eighteenth day of March aforesaid, 
humbly advise, our said Governor to grant the prayer thereof. 
Wherefore our said Governor in obedience to our Royal in- 
structions for that purpose together with Archibald Kennedy, 
Esquire, Surveyor-General of our said Province and Cad- 
walader Colden, Esq., Surveyor-General of Lands for our said 
Province, three of the Commissioners appointed by our Royal 
instructions, for the setting out of all lands to be granted 
within our said Province have set out for the said Noah 
Elting and Nathaniel Lefever all those three certain tracts 
or parcels of land, lying and being in the county of Ulster, 
being part of the land formerly granted to Capt. John Evans 
as aforesaid, the patent of which has been long since vacated 
and the lands reassumed, the first of which tracts begins at 
a stake with a heap of stones round it, standing in a line of 


Old Marked Trees that runs south fifty-two degrees east from 
a point on the top of the Mountains commonly called Paltz 
Point, which line is the south bounds of the Patent of New 
Paltz and the said stake or place of beginning is sixty-seven 
chains from the Wallkill or Paltz river, measured along the 
said line And this tract runs from the said place of beginning 
along the said line of Old Marked Trees, south fifty-two 
degrees west ninety chains and fifty links to the land granted 
to Anne Mullender; then along the line of the same land 
and of the land granted to Hugo ffrere northwest one hundred 
and fifty chains to the land granted to Cornelius DuBois and 
Ruloff Elting, then along their line north forty-nine degrees 
east thirteen chains and north fifty-six degrees and forty min- 
utes west eighty-eight chains to the land granted to Louis 
DuBois and then along his bounds to the place where this 
tract first began containing one thousand five hundred and 
twenty-nine acres and the usual allowance for highways. 

The Second of the said tracts begins in the said line of 
Old Marked Trees One hundred chains from the northeast 
corner of the same tract at an Elm tree marked with three 
notches on four sides and X on the south side standing in the 
south end of a small swamp and on a flat rock lying even 
with the ground and marked with the letters I E and this 
tract runs from thence along the said line South fifty-two 
degrees east sixty chains ; then south twenty-five degrees west 
ninety chains ; then north seventy-two degrees west fifty-eight 
chains and then north twenty-five degrees east one hundred 
and ten chains and forty links to the place of beginning con- 
taining five hundred and sixty acres and the usual allowance 
for highways. 

The Other of the said three tracts lies on the west side of 
the Paltz River and begins on the said south bounds of the 


New Paltz Patent (being the said line that runs south fifty- 
two degrees east from the said point on the Mountains) and 
at the northwest corner of the land granted to Lewis DuBois 
and runs from thence along the said line north fifty-two 
degrees west sixty-four chains and forty links thence south 
forty-six degrees west twenty-nine chains to another line of 
marked tree's, running from the said point on the mountains, 
about south thirty-seven degrees east being the line that was 
formerly reputed to be the bounds of the said Paltz Patent 
and which is the north bounds of the land then granted to 
Mr. Richard Nicholls as it was surveyed and laid out for him ; 
then along the said line south thirty-seven degrees east ninety- 
seven chains to the said tract of land granted to Lewis DuBois 
and then along his bounds to the place where this tract first 
began, containing three hundred acres and the usual allowance 
for highways which said three tracts or parcels of land con- 
tain in the whole two thousand three hundred and eighty- 
nine acres and the usual allowance for highways and in setting 
out thereof our said Commissioners have regard to the profit- 
able and unprofitable acres and have taken care that the 
length of the said tracts or either of them doth not extend 
along the banks of any River otherwise than is conformable 
to our Royal Instructions for that purpose as by a certificate 
thereof under their hands bearing date the ninth day of May 
instant and entered on record in our Secretary's office in our 
city of New York may more fully appear, which said three 
tracts or parcels of land set out as aforesaid according to 
our Royal Instructions we being willing to grant to the said 
Noah Elting and Nathaniel Lefever, their heirs and assigns: 
Know Yee that of our Especial Grace, certain knowledge 
and meer motion we have given, granted, ratified and con- 
firmed doe by these presents for us our heirs and successors 


give, grant, ratify and confirm unto the said Noah Elting and 
Nathaniel Lefever, their heirs and assigne, forever, all the 
said three tracts or parcels of land so set out marked, bounded 
and described as is above expressed concerning the same To- 
gether with all and singular the woods, underwoods, trees, 
timbers, pastures, meadows, swamps, waters, water courses, 
Rivers, brooks, riverlets, runs and streams of water, fishing 
fowling, hunting, hawking, Mines and Minerals of all sorts 
whatsoever (except Gold Mines and Silver Mines) which 
now are standing, growing, lying, being or to be found or 
at any time hereafter shall be standing, growing, lying or 
found in or upon the above granted land or any part thereof 
or within the bounds or lines of the same, And all profits, 
liberties, privileges heriditaments, appurtanances whatsoever 
to the same lands and premises or any part thereof belonging 
or in any wise appertaining, and all our estate, right, title, 
interest, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever of 
in and to the same lands and premises and any and every 
or part thereof and the revenue or revenues, remainder or 
remainders, of all and singular the said premises, Except also 
and always revenues out of this our present grant to us our 
heirs and successors for ever all trees of the diameter of 
twenty-four inches and upwards at twelve inches from the 
ground for masts for our Royal Navy and also all such other 
trees as may be fit to make planks, knees and other things 
necessary for the use of our said navy only, which now are 
standing, growing or being or at any time hereafter shall be 
standing or growing or being in or upon the above granted 
lands or any part thereof with full liberty and license for 
any person or persons whatsoever by us our heirs or suc- 
cessors to be thereunto especially appointed, under our or 
their sign manuel, either with or without workmen Wag- 


gons Carts or any other carriage to enter and come into and 
upon the said lands and every or any part thereof and then 
to fall, cut down and root up, hew, square and saw, work up, 
have, take and carry away the same for the uses aforesaid. 
To have and to Hold all and every the three tracts and parcels 
of land, hereditaments, mines, minerals and premises with 
their and every of their appurtenances by these presents 
granted, ratified and confirmed or intended to be hereby 
granted, ratified or confirmed, except as hereinbefore excepted 
unto the said Noah Elting and Nathaniel LeFever, their 
heirs and assigns to their only proper use and behoof of the 
said Noah Elting and Nathaniel LeFever their heirs and 
assigns forever, to be holden of us our heirs and successors 
in free and common socage as of our Manor of East Green- 
wich, in the county of Kent, within our Kingdom of Great 
Britain, Yielding, rendering and paying therefor yearly and 
every year forever, unto us, our heirs and successors at our 
custom house in our city of New York unto our or their 
collector or Receiver General then for the time being on the 
Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary, commonly called 
Lady Day the yearly rent of two shillings and sixpence for 
each hundred acres of the above granted lands and in pro- 
portion for any larger quantity thereof (the land allowed for 
highways only excepted) in lieu and stead of all rents, ser- 
vices, dues, duties and demands whatsoever on the above 
granted lands, mines, minerals, hereditaments and premises 
or any part thereof Provided always and upon condition 
that if our Grantees, the said Noah Elting and Nathaniel 
LeFever or one of them, their or one of their heirs or assigns 
shall not within three years, next ensuing the date hereof 
plant, settle and effectually cultivate at least three acres of 
every fifty acres which are capable of cultivation, or if our 


said Grantees or either of them, their or either of their heirs 
or assigns or any other person or persons, by their or any of 
their privity, consent or procurement, shall set on fire or burn 
the woods on the said land or any part thereof (so as to 
destroy, impair or hinder the growth of any of the trees that 
are or may be left for masts, planks, knees or other timber 
for use of our Royal navy) that then and in either of those 
cases this our present grant and everything therein contained 
shall cease and be void ; anything hereinbefore contained to 
the contrary notwithstanding, Declaring nevertheless that 
nothing in these presents reserved or contained shall or ought 
to be construed to extend or be intended to prohibit or in any 
wise hinder our said grantees or either of them their or either 
of their heirs or assigns or any of them from such burning 
of the woods or cutting down or falling of the trees that 
are or shall be growing or being on the above granted lands 
or any part thereof as shall be necessary or conducive to 
the clearing and effectual cultivating of the same lands or 
any part thereof or to or for their own use or uses, And we 
hereby further declare that by the said burning of the woods 
is only meant and intended that our said grantees, their heirs 
and assigns are to be restrained only from setting fire to and 
burning any timber and trees whilst they are standing and 
growing upon the above granted lands or any part thereof 
And we likewise declare that the preservation of all trees 
of the diameter of twenty-four inches and upwards at twelve 
inches from the ground for Masts tor our Royal Navy, and 
of such other trees as may be fit to make planks, knees and 
other things necessary for the use of our said navy is not 
nor ought to be construed to hinder our said grantees or either 
of them, their or cither of their heirs or assigns from clearing- 
or effectually cultivating the above granted lands or any part 


thereof And we do moreover of our Certain knowledge and 
meer motion consent and agree that this our present grant 
being entered on Record as is hereafter particularly expressed 
shall be good and effectual in the law to all intents construc- 
tions and purposes against us our heirs and successors, not- 
withstanding any misentering, misnaming or other imperfec- 
tions or omissions or in any wise (word not legible) the 
above grantees or intended to be hereby grantees lands, mines, 
minerals and premises or any part thereof. 

In testimony whereof we have caused these our letters to 
be made patent and the great seal of our said province to 
be hereunto affixed and the same to be entered on Record 
in our said Secretary's Office in one of the Books of Patents 
there remaining Witness our trusty and Well Beloved George 
Clinton our Captain General and Commander-in-Chief of our 
Province of New York and territories thereon depending in 
America, Vice Admiral of the same and Vice Admiral of the 
Red Squadron of our fleet, at our fort George in our city 
of New York the twelfth day of May, in the twenty first year 
of our reign and in the year One Thousand seven hundred 
and forty Eight. 

Recorded in the Secretary's Office for the province of New 
York in Lib. Patents began in the year 1739 pa. 250. 

GEO. BANYAR, Secretary. 



In the Book of the Duzine appears the following : 

Memorandum of the papers viewed the 9 day of December, 

The town order. 

The survey of Cadawalader Colden, Esq. 

The Indian Deed of the Paltz Patent. 

The one paper where the division of Patent is written (3 

The Patent of the New Paltz. 

A certificate of Mogonck, signed by Joseph Hasbrouck, J. 
Hardenbergh and Roelif Eltinge (Justices of the Peace). 

A petition to the Justices at Kingston. 

To several receipts of quit rent. 

A receipt of Wm. Eltinge. 

An order of the King's fence. 

A paper where the division of lands is made on and where 
the roads must go. 

To one other paper of land divided ye 1705. 

To town cash, o 2s 4d. 

The above papers were left in the town chist with the said 
money the date aforasaid. 

The chist was ordered to Jacob Hasbrouck, with the papers 
here above mentioned, as witness his hand. 


The key was ordered to Xoach Elting, as witness his hand. 




A number of documents in archaic French have long been 
in our possession. 

These papers are mostly difficult of translation because of 
bad penmanship, bad spelling and ungrammatical construction. 
They are, almost altogether, from the Freer collection and 
have come down from Hugo Freer senior, son of the Patentee 
of the same name. 

These documents are not of importance in themselves, but 
are of interest because they bear the signatures of certain of 
the earliest settlers in New Paltz and vicinity, which we have 
not found elsewhere. They also throw a little light on the 
usages and manner of life of the residents here in the old 
days and also show that there were business relations between 
the people of New Paltz, Minisink, Kingston and New York, 
when almost all the intervening country was a howling wilder- 

First on the list is a paper in good, plain handwriting, but 
not dated, signed by Moyse Cantain, who came to New Paltz 
about 1690, married Elizabeth Deyo, widow of Simon Le- 
Fevre and had one son, Peter, who is the ancestor of the Can- 
tine family. 

This paper is endorsed in Dutch, " Quittance van Moses 
Cantin." It is as follows: 

" Je sousine et reconnois avoir receus de Huge Frere lene- 
perre dix sequiple [schepels] de fromant dune part dune vache 
que granpere doyo leuy avoit misautre main. Don je le tien 

quit moy. 

Moyse Cantain. 


I undersign and acknowledge having received from Hugo 
Frere ten schepels of wheat on the one part for a cow which 


grandfather Deyo had put in on the other hand. I give this 

Moses Cantain. 

Next we have a letter and a receipt with the signature of 
Jaque Caudebec, who was one of the two Huguenots, who 
with five Hollanders, built a fort at Minisink in what is now 
Orange Co. at Cuddeback in 1690 long before there was any 
other settlement in what is now Orange county except that at 
Plum Point, and these papers contain reference also to Peter 
Guimar, the other Huguenot at Minisink, whose wife was the 
daughter of Jean Hasbrouck of New Paltz and also speak of 
Benjamin Prevoost. The letter and receipt are in a plain, 
bold hand. The letter is as follows : 

" Mons. Hugue Frere : Vous maves promis de remettre 
entre les mains de Mes. pitre Guimar le pimant de ce que vous 
me deves et vous ne laves pas fait et je vous prie de le faire 
ou autrement. Je seray contrain Don agir a utrement fait par 

J. Codebec. 

Mr. Hugo Frere: You have promised to deliver into the 
hands of Mr. Peter Guimar the payment of that which you 
owe me, and you have not done it. I beg you to do it, or 
otherwise I shall be obliged to act in some other manner. 

Made bv me. T ~ , , 

J. Caudebec. 

Next comes another paper with the signature of J. Caudebec 
acknowledging the receipt of the amount owed. It is as 

Je sousigue Jaque Caudebec clemeurant au Mennesin en la 
county of Ulster certifie a tous quil appartiendra que Hngue 
Frere, demeurant au Noveau Palle en la surdit county ma en- 


tirement et pleinment payer et satisfait pour toutes les dette 
quil devoit a mon beaupere Benjamin Prevost dont Je le tient 
quitte et tous autres jusques a ce jourdhuy 12 jour de mars, 
170 7-8. 


I the undersigned Jacob Codebec, living at Minisink in the 
county of Ulster, certify to all whom it concerns that Hugo 
Frere living at New Paltz has paid and satisfied me entirely 
and fully for all the debts which he owed to my father-in-law 
(or stepfather) Benjamin Prevoost for which and all others 
I give receipts. 

Made to-day the I2th day of the month of March 170 7-8. 

J. Codebec. 

The very oldest paper in the collection is a receipt from 
Abraham LaMater in 1677, but the writing is so bad that no 
one as yet has been able to translate it. 

Hugo Freer, senior, bought a great deal of land from one 
and another and was not always able to pay promptly. He 
bought of Jean Cottin the real estate which the New Paltz 
people had presented Cottin while teaching school here. The 
letter of which we give a translation below is in good French 
and must have been written shortly after Cottin's removal 
from New Paltz to Kingston : 

Hugo Frere, I know that you are paying everywhere, and 
you can pay me also. You pay your new debts and you leave 
me behind. Try not to make me the subject of your extrava- 
gant (outlay). Make me some payment. You have been 
owing me for a long time. I cannot wait longer. 
I am your affectionate 

Jean Cottin. 

Kingston, fifteenth June, 1703. 


There is a receipt from Monsieur Valleau, a merchant at 
Kingston, for a cask of molasses, paid for by 18 Ibs. of flax 
(seed) and in 1699 a receipt in full from Marie Valleau, 
probably the widow of the above mentioned merchant as 
follows : 

Je subsigne & confesse avoir Receu de hugue frere senior 
La Somme de tout se quil me denoit & somme quitte Jusques 
a present en Soy dequoy J'ay Signe le present acquit. 

A Kingston Ce 26 May 1699. 


I undersign and acknowledge to have received from Hugo 
Frere senior the sum of all that he owes me in full up to the 
present (time) in faith (evidence) of which I sign the present 
discharge (receipt). 

May 26, 1699. Mary Valleau. 

There is also a memorandum in French of store goods pur- 
chased of Pierre Morin in New York in Oct. 1706; a receipt 
in 1717 from a New York merchant for 16 pounds for a hogs- 
head of rum; a credit for 53 pounds of butter at 7 pence a 
Ib. and also a credit for beeswax ; a receipt in full from Pierre 
Morin of New York in English in Oct. 1716; also a bill of 
goods in English from a New York merchant in 1731, includ- 
ing a large copper kettle, a box of goose shot, 1-2 a box of 
swan shot, an iron pot, a heading chisel, a frying pan and 30 
pounds of nails. 

There are also papers showing business transactions with 
Dutchess county people; a receipt in behalf of Robert Livings- 
ton in 1713 ; a receipt for 100 guilders in Dutch in 1706 from 
Peter DuBois nephew of Louis DuBois, the New Paltz Paten- 
tee. (Peter was at that date still in Kingston, but about that 


time moved to Fishkill) ; a bond to Leonard Lewis in Pough- 
keepsie in 1732; a receipt from Jonas LeRoy of Dutchess 
county dated 1730; a receipt in French for 70 francs dated 
in 1704 from Mary Hasbrouck, widow of Isaac DuBois, who 
signs her maiden name, as it is also written in another French 
document in 1703, relating to the first apportionment of lands 
in the village. (We also find Elizabeth Deyo, widow of Simon 
LeFevre, signing simply her maiden name to a legal document 
in 1689.) There is a receipt with the signature of Abraham 
DuBois, the Patentee, dated in 1710 for i pound 10 s 6 d 3 
farthings; a memorandum in French, dated in 1709, signed by 
the following children of Hugo Frere, the Patentee: H. Frere, 
Maria Frere, Jacob Frere, and Sara Frere stating that " We 
have sold to our brother Jean the house of our father for 70 
pieces of eight." Then follows the statement, " I, Jean Frere, 
acknowledge the purchase." 


One of the first enterprises undertaken after the settlers 
at New Paltz had erected the log houses for their humble 
homes was the construction of a great fence. The first men- 
tion we find concerning this fence is in i68| when an appli- 
cation is made to the court in session at Kingston for per- 
mission to buy land of the Indians and the statement is made 
that " we must keep a great fence between us and the Indians." 

Now a fence, no matter how great and high, is not built 
to keep painted Indian warriors from making incursions into 
the settlement and the record goes on to say that " the Indians 
are disposed to sell us their land to the New Indian Fort," 
which was fourteen miles to the south, where the fight had 
taken place and the captive women and children had been 
rescued twenty years before. Although the court granted 


permission the land was not purchased, neither do we find 
any further information of the fence until twenty-eight years 

Then we have in the " New Paltz Orders," general direc- 
tions, in broken English, for building a fence about a dozen 
miles in length and including that portion of the valley of the 
Wallkill lying within the bounds of the Patent. The record 
says that at a general meeting of the inhabitants to " con- 
clude concerning all our fences of the land as also of the 
pastures," the following action was resolved upon : " First 
of all we shall begin to ye kill or creek next of Solomon Du- 
Bois, to ye Aest of sd Solomon and then the fence shall run 
to ye bounds of Abraham DuBois and then along a run of 
water and then to the pasture of Louis Bevier and the sd 
fence is to be made of three rails and three and fifty inches 
high and then ye sd Louis Bevier is obliged to make and 
repair a good and sufficient fence along his pasture to ye East 
until he comes to Abraham DuBois and then Jacob Hasbrouck 
shall make or have a good sufficient fence of the same high 
as here above mentioned until he comes to the pasture of 
Daniel DuBois near of the tourelle or neest and then the 
gate shall be set according as it is ordered or concluded." 

Before proceeding further we will say that the object of 
this fence was of course to prevent the stock from straying 
too far into the woods. The fence commences, as is stated, 
on the east side of the Wallkill, near the residence of Solomon 
DuBois, who lived near where Capt. W. H. D. Blake now 
resides, about two miles south of the village. Abraham Du- 
Bois, the Patentee, seems from this account to have owned 
land near the mouth of the Plattekill, perhaps including the 
tract where his son-in-law Roelif Elting afterwards built his 
house, near the Edmund Eltinge place. Then the fence ran 


along " a run of water " probably the brook that runs through 
the southern part of our village at the brickyard. Then cer- 
tain of the proprietors are directed to make or repair the 
fence and the pastures of Louis Bevier and Daniel DuBois 
are mentioned. Then it is directed that the " New Paltz 
town " shall build the fence until it comes to the village gate, 
which it is evident was just below where the old Normal 
school building stood. Next we have directions for building 
the fence from the " Landing place," a few yards north of 
the village gate, to the " erf " of John Hasbrouck. John 
(Jean) Hasbrouck the Patentee built what is now the 
Memorial House and an " erf " means a large garden spot. 
Along the village street (now Huguenot street) and between 
the " erfs " a good and close fence is ordered from the Land- 
ing place at the south end of the street to the house of Hugo 
Freer at the north end of the street. 

Next mention is made in the " New Paltz Orders " of the 
fences of the Creupelbos (newly cleared land) lying north of 
the village. These fences were to be of six rails and fifty- 
three inches high. Beyond this all the way to the residence 
of Abraham Freer, who had been living for at least four 
years on the north bounds of the Patent, half a mile this side 
of Perrine's Bridge, a bush fence, three rails high is ordered. 

Next the directions for fence building are changed to the 
west side of the Wallkill at the " long bontecoe " that is no 
doubt what is called " great bontecoe " in our day at James 
E. Deyo's. Next the account speaks of the " petit macos or 
little bontecoe " that is what has been since known as " Klina 
Bontecoe/' at the R. V. N. Beaver place and says that after 
two years the fence shall be changed and set " along the 
mountaing in ye best convenient place that we think suitable 
and then will be joined to the high bridge (Humpo) fences 


and from the said bridge to the kill or kreke near Solomon 
DuBois, to the west." This portion of the fence is ordered 
to be three rails high. 

Now here we have directions for a fence on both sides of 
the Wallkill, placed probably above high water mark, intended 
no doubt to keep the stock from straying too far into the 

Once afterwards we find mention of this fence. In the 
document with the signature of Cadwallader Golden dated in 
1729, establishing the line between the New Paltz and the 
lands of Solomon and Louis DuBois, Jr., he speaks of a 
stone that " lyes between the fence at the lands of the said 
New Paltz and the lands of the said Solomon and Lewis Du- 
Bois." Some time afterwards it was found that the lands of 
the New Paltz patent did not extend all the way south to the 
Louis DuBois patent, but that has nothing to do with the 
building of the fence." 


In Volume II of the Colonial Series as published by Hugh 
Hastings, State Historian, appears some Ulster county mili- 
tary records of a very early period. Under the date " 1686 or 
1687 " is given a " Lest of Tropers at Kingston " in which 
appear the names of Simon Lafare, anders Lafare and Jacob 
deboys. Next follows with the date 1687 a " List of Soldiers 
in Esopus " with the name Antonny Corpell and then with 
the date " 1686 or 1687 " a " Lest of the Company of fott in 
Kengstovn " in which are found the following names : Leften- 
nant Abraham harbcerke, Sergeantt Lewes bevier, Petter 
Delow, aberm Deboe, aseck Debeo, defed Debeo, Solaman 
Debeo, hevger fare. It is evident that at this early date 
(less than ten years after the settlement of New Paltz) the 


residents here were enrolled with those of Kingston. The 
names as enrolled were written down by some one who had 
not the least idea of how the surnames should be spelled. 
In the case of the LeFevre brothers the r in the last syllable 
should be v, which would make the name Lafave, as it is 
pronounced in French. By taking the Christian name and 
surname of the others together the names in the enrollment 
are seen to be intended for Jacob DuBois, Anthony Crispell, 
Lieutenant Abraham Hasbrouck, Sergeant Louis Bevier, 
Pierre Deyo, Abram DuBois, Isaac DuBois, David DuBois, 
Solomon DuBois, Hugo Freer. This list includes all the 
patentees except Christian Deyo, Louis DuBois and Jean 
Hasbrouck. The first named was dead. The two latter were 
too old. This list also includes, besides the patentees, David 
DuBois, Jacob DuBois and Solomon DuBois, who had be- 
come of suitable age for enrollment after locating at New 

In his introduction to the appendix giving these Colonial 
Muster Rolls, State Historian Hugh Hastings says :. " In 
1687 the French invaded Seneca county, an act that was 
followed by the first invasion of Canada by the Colonists 
war being declared between England and France in May, 
1689." It is to be supposed that this enrollment was for 
actual and immediate service in the first invasion of Canada 
which took place in 1690. We presume therefore that the 
descendants of the men named are all entitled to membership 
in the Society of Colonial Wars. 




A great portion of the wills in the old days were not 
recorded or filed. 

The will of lingo Freer, the Patentee, in French, and part 
of the will of his son Hugo, in Dutch, are in possession of 
the writer and we have not found them on record anywhere. 
We have found two wills of Louis DuBois, the Patentee, 
filed with the clerk of the court of appeals at Albany. His 
third and last will is in Dutch dated in 1694 and is recorded 
in the Surrogate's office in New York. The will of Abraham 
DuBois, the Patentee, is to be found with the clerk of the 
court of appeals at Albany. Isaac DuBois, the Patentee, who 
died when he was about thirty years of age, probably left 
i.o will. The same was doubtless the case with the Patentees 
Andre and Simon LeFevre, as their heirs made a division 
of the property among themselves. One of the wills of Chris- 
tian Deyo, the Patentee, and the will of Louis Bevier, the 
Patentee, the former in French, dated 1686 and the latter 
in Dutch, dated 1720, are recorded in the county clerk's office 
in Kingston. 

The following is a list of wills of New Paltz Patentees or 
their descendants in the office of the surrogate at New York: 

Abraham Dubois (Patentee), New Paltz, Ulster Co. Will 
proved 1731. 

Jonathan DuBois (son of Louis Jr.), New Paltz; will 
proved Sept. 30, 1749. 

Solomon DuBois (son of Louis the Patentee), New Paltz, 
Ulster county; will proved Feb. 15, 1759. 


Philip DuBois (son of Isaac the Patentee), Rochester, Ulster 
county; will proved June 29, 1764. 

Hezekiah DuBois, Sr. (son of Matthew), Saugerties, Cor- 
poration of Kingston; will proved May 26, 1767. 

Isaac DuBois (son of Jacob), of the Green kill, town of 
Kingston; will proved Sept. 21, 1773. 

Cornelius DuBois of the New Paltz (son of Solomon) ; will 
proved April 23, 1781. 

Hendricus DuBois of the New Paltz (son of Solomon) ; 
will proved June 4, 1782. 

Peter DuBois [?] of the Wallkill; will proved Sept. 15, 

Josaphat DuBois (son of David), town of Rochester; will 
proved Jan. 17, 1784. 

Roelif Elting of New Paltz (son of Jan of Kingston) ; will 
proved Jan. 13, 1747. 

William Elting, Kingston; Feb, 13, 1743. 

Jan Elting, Kingston; April 19, 1762. 

Noah Elting, Precinct of the New Paltz (son of Roelif) ; 
Aug. 16, 1781. 

Simon LeFevre, New Paltz (son of Andre and grandson 
of Simon the Patentee) ; July 2, 1748. 

Jacobus Bevier, New Paltz, April 19, 1774. 

Samuel Bevier (son of Louis the Patentee), New Paltz; 
April 17, 1759. 

Samuel Bevier, Rochester, April 10, 1764. 

Abraham Bevier, New Paltz, June 7, 1771. 

Jonas Freer, New Paltz, April i, 1775. 

Col. Jonathan Hasbrouck, New Burgh, Dec. 21, 1782. 

Cousine Jacob Hasbrouck, of New Paltz (son of Jean the 
Patentee), Sept. 15, 1761. 


In the county clerk's office at Kingston are found the wills 
of but a small portion of the New Paltz people of the first 
two or three generations. 

We note the following: 

The will of Andre LeFevre, eldest son of Simon the Pat- 
entee, is recorded at Kingston and dated in 1738. It gives 
to his wife Cornelia his negro man Charles and dower; gives 
to his eldest son Simon his pistols and holsters as his birth- 
right ; gives him also his shoemaker's tools, his gun and his 
big French bible; gives to his son Matthew his wearing ap- 
parel and two bibles one French and one Dutch; gives to 
his two sons his farming utensils, wagons, sleds and all his 
land; gives his seven daughters 400 to be paid by the brothers. 

The will of Daniel LeFevre of Bontecoe, proved before 
James Oliver, first judge of Ulster county, Sept. 4, 1784, 
gives to his wife Catharine his negro woman Bet; also his 
whole estate real and personal during her lifetime or widow- 
hood and after her demise gives to his son Peter his negro 
man John; also his real estate at Bontecoe, being his old 
homestead, with his land west of the Grote fly or big meadow, 
also his right in Grandpere's lot, also his clothing; to his 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Matthew LeFevre, his negro girl 
Margaret; to his daughter Maria, wife of Jonathan Deyo, his 
negro girl Dian; to his two daughters Elizabeth and Maria, 
his land on North River and at Plat Binnewater, also his 
household furniture except one bed and bedding; other per- 
sonal estate to be divided equally between the three children. 

The will of Jacob I. Hasbrouck, of Colebaugh, in the town 
of Marbletown, made in 1818, mentions his wife Sarah Du- 
Bois, gives to his eldest son Isaac his silver hilted sword and 
his bed and bedding; gives to his son Jacobus a certain mort- 
gage and $750; gives to his son Jacob I. the sum of $2,500; 


gives to his sons Josiah and Lewis each a lot of woodland 
and certain real estate in the town of Marbletown, but they 
must pay their brother Isaac $roo a year ; gives to his daughter 
Margaret land in Hurley. The rest of the testator's real 
estate is divided equally between his children, Wilhelmus, 
Jacobus, Cornelius, Jacob, Josiah, Louis and Abraham and his 
daughters, Margaret and Polly. 


Nostre aide soit au nom de Dieu qui a fait le ciel et la 
terre. Amen. 

Par devant Abraham Hasbroucq, Justicier de paix au aplle 
Comtes de Ulster et Louis Beviere et Jean Cottin demeurant 
au dit Palle comparu Hugue Frere, labourer, demeurant aussi 
an palle de sa pure et franche volonte estant tres saint d'esprit 
et d'entendement, sachant quel'heure de la mort est incogneue 
a tous les hommes desirant qu'apres son trepas tons ses enfants 
vivent en bonne union et concorde nous a declare sa volonte 
pour son testament pour a qui regarde tous ses biens, meuble 
et immeuble, premierement a dit que hugue Frere son fils 
aisnes aura dix pieces de huit pour son droit d'aisnes aussi 
a dit que trois de ses plus jeune enfans Jacob, Jean et Sara 
apres son trespas ils jouiront de toutes les terres et sa maison 
et tous ses parterre en fin de tous les immeujusques a ce que 
la dite fille Sara soit parvenue a 1'age de seize ans sans payer 
.aucune louage a leur autres frere et soeurs et apres que la 
dite fille Sara aura seize ans ils pourront partager tous en- 
semble tous les meuble et immeuble egalement apres quil 
auront payer toutes les dettes la reserve que sa fille Sara 
aura un lit de plume et un traver et deux couver et une vache 
et elle aura cecy hors de part et par dessus les autres et son 
fils Jacob aura un cheval a choisir dans son escurie. II aura 


le dit cheval hors cle part et par desu les autres, et son fils 
Jean prendra aussy un cheval a choisir et ils aura aussy le 
dit cheval hors de part et par dessus les autres pareillement 
a leur autres freres et soeurs que ont pris cy devant chacun 
un cheval et Marie Frere une vache. 

Le dit hugue Frere, testateur, establie et suplie son fils 
huge Frere de maintenir le bon droit et interest de ses freres 
et soeurs jusque a ce quils seront en age, les dit enfans Jacob, 
Jean et Sara jouiront aussi bien des meubles que des immeubles 
jusque specifies cy dessus. 

Le dit testateur recommande tons ses enfans a la sainte 
protection dit bon Dieu et qu'il le benis de ses benedictions, 
temporel et spiretuel. 

Fait au palle le quatrieme jour de Januie mil six cens non- 
nante sept. 169^. 

JEAN COTTIN, temoin; 
LOUYS BAYVYR, temoin. 


May our help be in the name of God who made the heaven 
and the earth. Amen. 

Before Abraham Hasbrouck justice of the peace at the 
Paltz, county of Ulster, and Louis Bevier and Jean Cottin 
living at the Paltz appeared Hugo Frere, laborer, living also 
at the Paltz, of his (own) pure and free will, being of sound 
mind, and understanding that the hour of death is unknown 
to all men, desiring that after his death all his children may 
live in good unity and concord has declared to us his desire 
for his testament in regard to his properties, moveable and 


First, to wit that Hugo Frere his eldest son shall have ten 
pieces of eight as his birthright; also to wit that three of 
the younger children, Jacob, John and Sara after his death 
they will have all the lands and his house and all the garden 
plat, in a word all the fixed property, until the said daughter 
Sara shall reach the age of sixteen years, without paying 
any rent whatever to their other brothers and sisters, and 
after the said daughter Sara shall be sixteen years old they 
may divide equally among themselves all the household stock 
and the fixed property, after they have paid all the debts; 
with the reservation that the daughter Sara shall have one 
feather bed, one bolster, and two covers (blankets) and one 
cow, and she shall have these over and above the others ; and 
his son Jacob shall choose from his stable a horse and he shall 
have the said horse, over and above the others; and his son 
Jean shall also choose a horse which shall be over and above 
the others, similarly to their other brothers and sisters who 
have taken each a horse, and Marie Frere a cow. 

The aforesaid Hugo Frere, testator, appoints and entreats 
his son Hugo Frere to maintain the good rights and interests 
of his brothers and sisters until they are of age. The said 
children Jacob, Jean and Sarah will have the household things 
and the fixed property until the time specified above. 

The said testator commends all his children to the divine 
protection of the good God and asks for the blessing of hi's 
benificence, temporal and spiritual. 

Made at the Paltz the fourth day of January, one thousand 
six hundred ninety-seven. 169^. 

JEAN COTTIN, witness; 
LOUYS BAYVYR, witness. 



In the name of the Lord, Amen. Be it hereby known to 
everybody that to-day, the twenty-sixth day of August in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twelve, I 
the undersigned Jean Hasbrouck of the New Paltz, County 
of Ulster, Province of New York in America, being sound in 
body, as I walk and stand, and in full possession of my mind 
and memory, praised be the Lord for his mercy, considering 
the shortness and frailty of human life, the certainty of death 
and the uncertain hour thereof, and desiring to put every- 
thing in order, make this my last will and testament, hereby 
revoking, annulling, declaring null and void all such testament 
or testaments, will or wills, heretofore made or executed, 
either verbally or in writing, and this alone to be taken for 
my last will and testament and no other. Imprimus, I com- 
mend my soul to God Almighty, my Creator, and to Jesus 
Christ, my Redeemer, and to the Holy Ghost, my Sanctifier, 
and my body to the earth whence it came, to be buried in a 
Christian manner, and there to rest until my soul and body 
shall be reunited on the Day of Judgment and enjoy the eternal 
gladness of immortality, which God by his grace has, by the 
sole merits of our Saviour, promised and prepared for all who 
sincerely believe in him in their hearts. Second, and concern- 
ing such worldly estate of lands, houses, negroes, goods, 
houses, cattle, accounts, gold, silver, coined or uncoined, etc., 
as the Lord has been pleased to grant far above my merits, I 
order, give and dispose as follows: 

yd. It is my wish and will that all my honest debts shall 
in due time be paid. 

4th. I give to my son Jacob Hasbrouck and to his order 
or heirs all my land, lying within the boundaries of the patent 
of New Paltz, nothing excepted, with house, barn, and all 


my other buildings thereon being and standing, also my 
wagons, ploughs, harrows and everything thereto belonging 
and also my two negroes named Gerrit and James; further, 
the gun and what belongs to it and the clothing of my de- 
ceased son Isaac Hasbrouck, and all my books excepting three 
hereafter bequeathed to my daughter Elizabeth; also one just 
half of the balance of my whole personal or movable estate, 
excepting what hereafter is bequeathed to my daughters Mary 
and Elizabeth, for which he shall turn over and pay as by 
these presents is hereafter directed, on condition that his 
oldest son shall first have for himself, his order or heirs, the 
piece of land lying between the land of Abraham Dubois and 
my daughter Mary along the Paltz on the South of it and 
at the north of the Paltz village. 

$th. It is my will and wish that if my son Abraham Has- 
brouck, who removed from this Province, should be alive and 
return here, then my said son Jacob shall deliver to him a 
good horse for his privilege of first-born and shall also give 
to him for himself, his order or heirs, one just half of my 
whole real estate as it has above been devised to my said son 
Jacob and my said son Abraham shall haVe nor make any 
further claim on my estate. 

6th. I give to my daughter Mary and to her order or heirs 
the sum of fifty-seven pounds current money of New York 
due me from Abraham Rutan according to bond forty-two 
pounds and from Pieter Dubois according to bond fifteen 
pounds. I also give to her all that she has heretofore had 
from me, and she shall make no further claims on my estate. 

jth. I give to Pieter Guimard, only son of my deceased 
daughter Hester, the sum of fifteen pounds current money 
of New York, which my said son Jacob is to pay to said 
Pieter Guimard, when he marries or comes to be twenty-one 


years old, but if he should die before marrying or reaching 
the age of twenty-one, my son Jacob shall be relieved from 
paying said sum of fifteen pounds. 

8th. I give to my daughter Elizabeth, her order or heirs, 
the sum of sixty pounds current money of New York, which 
I have now by me in cash and also my negro woman named 
Molly; also three books, one Testament, the Practice of De- 
votion and a book of sermons written by Pieter DuMollin and 
printed in the French language; also the just half of my whole 
personal or movable estate, excepting what hereabove has been 
bequeathed, on condition that when the negro woman Molly 
bears children, Jacob shall have the first daughter, but he 
must leave her with her mother until she is one year old. 

Qth. It is my wish and will that if my son Jacob should 
die without a child or children lawfully begotten by him, all 
that is hereby given to him shall go to my said two daughters 
Mary and Elizabeth, their order or heirs, to be divided be- 
tween the two as follows : Elizabeth shall first have my house, 
barn, lot and the orchard behind the barn and the pasture- 
land, lying between the pasture of Abraham Dubois and my 
said daughter Mary and all the rest they, Mary and Elizabeth, 
shall share equally. 

loth. It is my wish and will that if my said daughter Eliza- 
beth should die without child or children, the share herewith 
devised and bequeathed to her shall go to my son Jacob and 
daughter Mary, their order or heirs, to be equally divided 
between them. 

nth. It is my wish and will that, should my son Jacob 
and my daughter Elizabeth both die without child or children, 
the shares hereabove devised and bequeathed to them shall 
go to the two sons of my said daughter Mary, named Daniel 
and Phillip, and to their order or heirs, to be equally divided 
between them. 


12th. I appoint as Executors o'f this my last will and 
testament my said son Jacob Hasbrouck and my cousins 
Andre Lefevre and Louys Dubois, demanding that this my 
last will and testament may be obeyed and carried out in 
every part. Thus done at my house on the clay and year as 

above. T-,, , r 

The mark of 

Signed, sealed and declared by Jean 
Hasbrouck to be his last will & 
testament in our presence, 



The last will of Louis DuBois as recorded in the Surro- 
gate's office at New York is in Dutch dated March 26, 1694, 
and was proved July 13, 1697, with a codicil dated Feb. 22. 
1694. The following is a translation: 

In the Name of the Lord, Amen 

Be it hereby known that on this seven and twentieth day 
of March in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred 
and ninety-four Lowis duboys of Kingston, in the County of 
Ulster, being sound in body going and standing and in pos- 
session of his intelligence, reason and memory and having the 
full use thereof and considering the brevity and frailty of 
man's life, the certainty of death and the uncertain hour 
thereof; and being desirous to put all things in order, makes 
this his last will and testament in manner and form herein 
described revoking and hereby absolutely annulling every 


present will and testament and the wills made and declared 
heretofore, whether spoken or wriiten, notwithstanding any 
promise or clause to the contrary and that this shall be re- 
ceived as my last will and testament and none other. 

First I commend my soul to Almighty God my Creator 
and to Jesus Christ my Redeemer and to the Holy Spirit my 
sanctifier and my body to the earth whence it came to be 
buried after the Christian manner and at the last day to enjoy 
the sole bliss of immortality, which God in grace has prom- 
ised and prepared only through the merits of Jesus Christ 
for all those who truly unfeignedly repent and believe in Him. 
And concerning such temporal estate of land, houses, goods 
and debts as it has pleased the Lord far beyond my deserts 
to grant me I ordain and dispose of the same in the form 
herein described. 

Imprimis (firstly) it is my will and desire that all my valid 
debts shall at the proper time be paid. 

Secondly, I give to my wife Catrina deboys all my Estate of 
lands, houses, goods, debts, money, gold, silver, coined or 
not coined, or what further to my Estate belongs, to be used 
by her during her life and after my aforesaid wife's decease 
the aforesaid Estate shall then be available for the benefit of 
my Heirs hereinafter described, with this understanding never- 
theless, that in case the aforesaid wife should marry again 
she would then be obliged to turn over half of the entire Estate 
to my heirs herein named. 

Thirdly, I give to my eldest son Abram Duboys Six pounds 
in money as the right of seniority by birth without pretending 
beyond this on that ground. Fourthly, I give to my aforesaid 
son Abram DuBois or Heirs the lawful Eighth part of my 
entire Estate as being then, when a separation or division of 
the same should be made according to my order described 
above. Fifthly, I give to my son Jacob the lawful Eighth 


part of my entire estate, as afore conditioned. Sixthly, I give 
to my son David or his heirs the lawful Eighth part of my 
entire estate, as above. Seventhly, I give to my son Solomon 
the lawful Eighth part of my entire estate, as before. Eighthly, 
I give to my son Lowies the lawful eighth part of my entire 
estate, as before. Ninthly, I give to my son Matthew the 
lawful Eighth part of my entire estate, as before. Tenthly, 
I give to the children that are left of the late Isaac duboys 
the lawful eighth part of my entire estate with this condition 
that in case the aforesaid children should come to die during 
their minority then said part shall be equally divided among 
my other heirs designated without any one else having any 
pretension on the same. Eleventhly, I give to the children 
of my daughter Sarah, having married Joost Janse, whether 
present or future, the lawful eighth part of my whole estate 
with this stipulation that my aforesaid daughter Sarah shall 
have and enjoy the usufruct or temporary enjoyment and 
profit thereof during her lifetime. Twelfthly, I appoint as 
Executrix of this my last will and testament my aforesaid 
wife Catrina duboyes ordaining and desiring that all that has 
been mentioned be deemed valid and held in value and caused 
to be so held. In attestation of the truth I have signed this 
at my home and sealed in the presence of witnesses in Kings- 
ton on the day and year as aforesaid. LOUYS DUBOIS. 

Signed and sealed in presence of John Ward Steven, Wal- 
loon, W. DeMeyer. 


Be it hereby known to every one, that I undersigned Lowis 
duboys of Kingston in the County of Ulster, being sick in 
body, but in the full possession of my faculties and mind, 
praised be the Lord, on the 2/th day of March, 1694, in the 
presence of Jan Ward Steven, Walloon, and Wm. de Aleyer 


as witnesses of the same made what shall appear to be my 
last Will and Testament, I hereby approving and confirming 
the same and desire that the same shall in all respects be 
followed up, with this change however as is here according 
to my desire expressed and described, to wit: Firstly, it is 
my will and desire, that my son Jacob Duboys shall have in 
right and in true possession the lawful half of my Farm 
that lies on the Hurley Piece between the land of Hyman 
and Jan Rosa and the land of Lammert Huyberse leaving him 
to dispose of the same according to his pleasure with this 
stipulation that my aforesaid son Jacob duboys shall be in 
duty bound to pay for the aforesaid land the quantity of one 
thousand and five hundred bushels of wheat. So also shall 
the aforesaid Jacob duboys use the other half of aforesaid 
land, hired, until my youngest son Matthew duBois shall have 
attained his majority and for the use of the same to pay 
sixty bushels of wheat per annum and I hereby declare that 
on this day I have transferred to my youngest son Matthew 
DuBois a house and ground in Kingston, a parcel of pasture- 
ground and the lawful half of my land that lies on the Hurley 
Piece according to the tenure of the aforesaid transfer and 
that my aforesaid son Matthew DuBois shall have to furnish 
.and pay the quantity or amount of fifteen hundred bushels 
of wheat notwithstanding the aforesaid transfer mentions how 
that payment thereof shall be made. In third place, It is 
also my will and desire that the land bought by my son David 
of Jan Wood shall be paid out of my Estate whereas I have 
so promised my son David. 4th, It is my will and desire, 
That my sons Solomon Duboys and Loues Deboys shall have 
for themselves, in true and rightful ownership and to their 
order or for their heirs my land that lies in the vicinity of 
the Paltz, to wit the ground obtained of Coll Thomas Dongan 


the 2nd day of June 1688 and to pay for the same the quan- 
tity of eight hundred bushels of wheat. 5, It is also my will 
and desire that my daughter Sarah, wife of Joost Janse, shall 
have in true and rightful ownership for herself and to her 
order or for her heirs a piece of land in the jurisdiction of 
Hurley adjoining the ground of Cornelis Cool and for the 
same to pay the quantity of seven hundred bushels of wheat, 
to understand that the woodland adjoining the aforesaid land 
is included with the same. Sixth, I declare that all has herein 
been specified agreeing with several papers written by my 
own hand and signed in presence of witnesses, desiring that 
the whole shall be perfectly followed up and carried out, 
only that in place of a thousand bushels of wheat touching 
Solomon and Lowies, this now shall be put at but eight hun- 
dred bushels, having thus done at Kingston at my house the 
22nd of February 1694. Louis DUE Bois. 

Signed, sealed and declared by Lowies duboys to Be His 
Last Will and Testament in presence of William De Meyer, 
Jacob Rutsen, Jan Burhans, Mattij Slecht. 

Son of Isaac the Patentee. 

Nostre Commancement Soit au Nom de Dieu. 

Soit Notoire a tous Ceux qu'il appartiendra qu'aujourd'huy 
le Siexieme Jour du mois D'aoust de L'an Mille sept Cent 
et vingt Neuf moy soubsine Daniel Dubois habitant du Nieu 
Paltz en la Conte de Ulster en la Province de Nieu York dans 
L'Amerique Estant en sante de Corps et d'Esprit Dieu en 
soit Loue; Feu que le Jour et L'heure de la Mort nous est 
Incertaine Dieu nous ayant Cache le Temps et le Moment qu'il 
s'est reserve a son Adorable Providence ; C'est pourquoy aussy 


J'ay voulu jcy declarer par les presentes ma derniere volonte 
et Testament en la forme et en la Maniere Comme L'ensuit. 
Je Casse je Reucque J'annule et met a neant tout autre Testa- 
ment que j'ay fait ou passe Soit de parolle ou par Escrit: il 
seront nul et de nulle valleur. Mais Celluy cy est et sera ma 
derniere volonte et Testament et non autre. Et Ainsy je 
Recommande mon Ame a Dieu mon Createur a Jesus Christ 
mon Sauueur Et au Sainct Espt. mon Consolateur & Santi- 
ficateur. Et mon Corps a la Terre d'ou il a Este pris Jusques 
a ce qu'il plaise a Dieu au Jour qu'il a destermine en son Con- 
seil Esternel de Ressusciter nos Corps pour les reunir a nos 
Ames, arm que tous ensemble de jouir a jamais de la vie 
Eternelle et bien heureuse que Jesus Christ son fils nostre 
Seigneur nous a acquis par son sang qu'il a promis de donner 
a tous Ceux quy luy seront fidelle jusqu'a la Mort. Pour 
ce quy est de mes biens temporels qu'il a pleu a Dieu de me 
donner beaucoup plus que je n'ay merritte: Comme Terres, 
Maisons, Granges, frutiers, pastures et heritage; Cheueaus 
Bestes a Corne at autres Bestail; Or, Argent, monnoye ou 
autrement, Estains Cuyores, fers & ferrement, et tout autres 
Utencilles quy appartient a mon bien je donne et ordonne 
Comme il Lenssuit 

Premierement, S'est mon Vouloir et volonte que toutes mes 
Ligitmes Debts Soit Payee en temps Conunable par mes 
Executeurs ycy apres nommes. 

2e. Cest aussy mon vouloir et volonte Expresse que ma 
femme Marie demeurera en la pleine possession et Jonissance 
de tous mes biens mouuable et jmmouvables apres mon desces 
pour en jouir paisiblement durant son veufage sans quelle 
soit obligee den rendre Conte a mes Enfars ny a personne 
quy que ce soit, Mais sy en cas quelle VinSent a se remarier, 
elle aura un tiers dans les reuenus de toutes mes terres aussy 


elle aura tine negresse trois ou quatre vaches trois Cheueaus 
et tous les meubles de ma maison pour sa vie durant et apres 
son desces ils reuiendront Et Seront a tous mes Enfants en 
general pour estre esgallement divise et partage parmy Eux 
et entre eux; Ses pourquoy il faudra faire tine juventaire. 

36. Item Je donne & Cest mon vouloir que mon fils aine 
Benjamin aura pour son droit d'ainesse toute ma monture de 
Cauallerie Excepte le Cheual sans pretandre pour Cette raison 
rien autres Choses. 

4e. Item Jordonne Et cest ma volonte de donner tous mes 
biens meubles et jnmeubles mouvables et jnmouuables a mes 
six Enfants Elizabeth, Benjamin, Marie, Simon, Rachel, et 
Isaac a Eux et a leurs heritiers (Excepte Se quy est cy clessus 
donne) pour Estre Egallement partage entre eux Six Chacun 
d'eux une juste part ou portion. 

5e. Item mais Sy en cas ma famme procree ou ait d'autres 
Enfants durant mon viuant ils divesront et partageront dans 
1'heritage auecq les Susdits heritiers jcy nommes Chacun d'eux 
et entre eux Egallement une juste part et portion. 

6e. Item S'il arriuoit que ma famme fut Enceinte a mon 
Desces et tccouchat de fils on fille legitimement procree de moy 
alors ce fruit la doit partage dans tout 1'heritage Jutement et 

7e. Item Je veux et je desire que Sy quelques un de mes 
heritiers veulent yendre ou Change quelques parts ou portions 
d leurs heritage ils en donneront la preference tout premier a 
leurs freres et soeurs, mais Sy quelqu'un de mes heritiers vien- 
nent a mourir sans heritiers alors leurs part d'heritage sera 
partage Esgallement entre tous mes autres heritiers les Sur- 

8e. Jappointe Et Estably pour Executeurs de ce mien 
Testament et derniere volonte non frere Phillippe Dubois mon 


Oncle Jacob Hasbrocq et mon fere Pierre Cantin, Et ainssy 
je sotihaitte & desire que le dit Testament Soit Suivi Entiere- 
nient et de point en points et de touts points arm quin le tout 
S'accomplisse en bonne Ordre pour la paix et 1'union de ma 
fammille Comme Estant ma derniere volonte et Testament, 
fait au Nieti Paltz le Jour et 1'an Sy dedans, Escrit et men- 

Signe, scelle et prononce Estre ma derniere volonte & 


En presence des tesmoins Soubsignes 


Let our beginning be in the name of God. 

Be it known to all those whom it shall concern, that to-day, 
the sixteenth day of the month of August of the year one 
thousand seven hundred and twenty-nine, I the undersigned 
Daniel DuBois, a resident of New Paltz in the county of 
Ulster in the province of New York in America, being well 
in body and mind, for which God be praised, seeing that the 
day and the hour of death is uncertain to us, God having 
hidden from us the time and the moment which he has re- 
served in his adorable providence, Therefore, I have wished 
here to declare by these presents my last will and testament 
in form and manner as follows. I dissolve, I revoke, I annul 
and make void every other testament which I have made or 
passed, either by word or by writing: it shall be null and 
of no effect. But this is and shall be my last will and testa- 
ment, and none other. And thus I recommend my soul to 


God my creator, to Jesus Christ my Saviour, and to the Holy 
Spirit my consoler and sanctifier, and my body to the earth 
from which it was taken ; until it shall please God, in the 
day which he has determined in his eternal counsel, to raise 
our bodies ; to reunite them to our souls so as together to 
enjoy forever life eternal and most blessed, which Jesus 
Christ his son our Lord has purchased for us by his blood; 
which he has promised to give to all those who will be faithful 
to him until death. As for my temporal goods, which it has 
pleased God to give me much more than I deserve, as lands, 
houses, barns, orchards, pastures, and heritage, horses, cattle 
and other domestic animals, gold, silver, coined or otherwise, 
tin cooking utensils, iron tools, and all other utensils which 
belong to my property, I give and devise as follows 

First. It is my wish and desire that all my lawful debts 
be paid at a suitable time by my executors hereafter named. 

2d. It is also my wish and express desire that my wife 
Mary shall live in the full possession and enjoyment of all 
my property real and personal after my death ; to enjoy it 
peaceably during her widowhood without her being obliged 
to give account of it to my children or to any person what- 
ever. But in case she shall happen to marry again she shall 
have a third of the revenue of all my lands, also she shall 
have one negress, three or four cows, three horses and all 
the furniture of my house, during her life; and after her 
death they shall return and shall belong to all my children 
in general, to be equally divided and shared among them and 
between them. Therefore it will be necessary to take an 

3d. Item. I give and it is my wish that my eldest son 
Benjamin shall have for his right as eldest son all my cavalry 
equipments except the horse without claiming for that reason 
any other things. 


4th. Item. I devise and it is my wish to give all my prop- 
erty real and personal to my six children Elizabeth, Benja- 
min, Mary, Simon, Rachel and Isaac, to them and to their 
heirs (except what is above disposed of) to be equally shared 
among those six, each one of them an equitable part or portion. 

5th. Item. But if my wife shall have other children during 
my life they shall share and have part in the inheritance with 
the aforesaid heirs here named, each one of them and among 
them equally a just part or portion. 

6th. Item. If I shall have a posthumous child, then it must 
share in all the inheritance justly and equally. 

7th. Item. I wish and I desire that if any of my heirs 
wish to sell or change any parts or portions of their inheri- 
tance, they shall give preference in the matter first to their 
brothers and sisters, but if one of my heirs shall happen to 
die without heirs then his part of the inheritance shall be 
divided equally between all my other heirs the survivors. 

8th. I appoint and establish for executors of this my testa- 
ment and last will my brother Philip DuBois my uncle Jacob 
Hasbrouck and my brother Pierre Cantine* ; and thus I wish 
and desire that the said testament be followed entirely and 
in every respect in order that the whole may be performed 
in good order for the peace and unity of my family as being 
my last will and testament. Made at New Paltz the day and 
the year herein written and mentioned. Signed, sealed and 
pronounced to be my last will and testament. 

DANIEL DuBois (Seal). 

In presence of the undersigned witnesses, 

* Pierre Cantine was his wife's half-brother 


From Mr. Gustave Anjou's book of Ulster county wills 
we condense the following in reference to the wills of Christian 
Deyo, Catharine Cottin, Matthew Blanshan, Roelofsen [Jan] 
Elting, Abraham Deyo and the joint will of Louis DuBois 
2nd his wife Catharine Blanshan. 

The will of Matthew Blanshan appears among the Secre- 
tary's papers. It is dated Sept. 7, 1665. It begins by stating 
that before Matthew Capito appeared " Matthew Blanshan. 
born at the village of Neuville in the province of Artois." 
The will provides that his wife Magdalena Joris shall possess 
the whole estate here in America so long as she remains a 
widow, also " all the land in Artois " where the testator was 
born and in Armentiers and other places, she to keep the 
three minor children, Magdalena, Elizabeth and Matthew until 
they become of age or marry; when they marry she to treat 
the minor daughters as she did the daughters who are married. 

The joint will of Louis DuBois and his wife Catharine 
Blanshan is found among the secretary's papers and is dated 
Oct. 13, 1670. It provides first that the minor children shall 
be educated until they can earn a living. If either of the 
testators, surviving the other, shall marry again, one-half 
the estate shall then go to the children, and in case of death 
one-fourth of the remaining half shall be divided among the 

The will of Christian Dujou of Hurley (Christian Deyo, 
afterwards the New Paltz Patentee), is dated Aug. 10, 1676; 
shortly after his arrival in America and before his removal 
to New Paltz. It is in the Dutch language and is found in 
Liber B., Secretary's papers. The testator mentions the fact 
that his children Anna, Peter and Elizabeth are married, while 
Maria and Margaret are unmarried. He directs that the un- 
married shall have the same as the married have had, that is, 


100 rix dollars; Maria is to have 50 rix dollars worth of 
clothing; Margaret, being the youngest, is "to receive during 
her minority 70 rix dollars." The will provides " for Peter's 
wedding suit 15 rix dollars." The residue of the property is 
to be divided equally among the children. The will is wit- 
nessed by Hugo Freer and Louis DuBois. Ten years after- 
ward in 1686-7 Christian Deyo made another will, which is 
recorded in the county clerk's office at Kingston. 

The will of Catharine Cottin wife of Jean Cottin, whose 
first husband was Louis DuBois, is in French and dated 
Sept. 22, 1702. It provides among other things that the 
freedom heretofore bestowed upon her negro woman Rachel 
shall remain in force and she shall be given thirty pieces of 
eight before the textatrix' children divide her property ; also 
that the letters of manumission given to her negro woman Dina 
shall remain in force. 

The will of Roelofsen [Jan] Elting is dated in 1679 and 
states that the testator is about ready to depart for Holland 
and makes this will, considering the perils of the deep and 
the certainty of death. [Jan Elting, ancestor of the Elting 
family in Ulster county, was at Flatbush, Long Island, before 
coming to Kingston and bought a farm and building lot there 
in 1663. The record also shows that he was paid twenty-five 
guilders for work on the church at Flatbush.] 

The will of Abraham Deyo (i) son of Pierre the Patentee 
is on record in the county clerk's office at Kingston. It is 
in the French language and dated Sept. 2, 1724. It provides 
that his wife Elsie [Clearwater] shall remain in full possession 
of his whole estate without rendering any account, but if she 
shall marry again she shall give a full account to her son 
Abraham for the land, house, negroes and all the property 
at New Paltz. Full power is given to the wife Elsie, to sell 


or dispose of all that may be in France at such a price as she 
may wish. The testator gives to his son Abraham, after his 
mother's death, all his land in the patent of New Paltz and 
his negroes. He gives his books to his son Abraham except 
that he gives to his daughter Maria his Dutch bible, a French 
testament, a book of sermons, and a psalm book, and to his 
daughter Wyntje the old French bible, a French testament, 
the Practice of Piety and a Dutch prayer book. The sum of 
thirty pistoles, New York money, is given to each of his daugh- 
ters for their inheritance. If his children shall die without 
tteirs the property shall go to the testator's brothers, Christian 
and Henry Deyo. Jacob Hasbrouck, Daniel Hasbrouck and 
Elsie the wife of the testator, are appointed executors. 




This paper, now in the town clerk's office, has the great 
seal of the state attached, is signed by John Jay as Governor 
and is entitled "An Act to Confirm the Several Partitions 
of Lands within the Patent of New Paltz, in the County of 

This act is drawn up at great length and first recites the 
original grant of the Patent from Governor Edmond Andross 
in 1677, then quotes entire the Agreement of 1728, under 
which the government of the Duzine or Twelve Men was 
instituted and then proceeds as follows: 

And whereas in consequence of the said instrument in 
writing the freeholders and inhabitants within the said patent 
have annually from the time of the execution of said writing 
hitherto elected twelve persons, in the manner and for the 
several purposes mentioned in said instrument in writing, 
and which said persons so elected have generally been dis- 
tinguished by the appellation of the Twelve Men or Twelve 
Trustees and the said Twelve Men so from time to time 
elected, did meet and conceiving themselves vested with suf- 
ficient authority for the purpose by virtue of said instrument 
in writing did at some of the said meetings make partitions 
of different parcels of the land contained in said letters patent, 
and minutes or a journal of the proceedings of the said 
Twelve Men, so from time to time convened, as far forth 
as said proceedings did relate to the several partitions were 
entered in a Book, which was always as a kind of record 
deposited with a discreet freeholder within the patent to 


that purpose from time to time appointed by the Twelve 
Men, and which said book hath been submitted for inspec- 
tion and examination by the Legislature, and the same in 
order to preserve the authenticity, and that the intent of this 
act may be carried into effect, hath lately by the Twelve 
Men elected for the present year, been deposited with the 
Surveyor General of the State, in whose custody the same 
doth now remain ; and whereas Simon DuBois, Jacobus Has- 
brouck, Johannis Freer, Jacob Hasbrouck, Jr., Abraham Don- 
aldson, Abraham Eltinge, Petrus Hasbrouck, Samuel Bevier, 
Benjamin Deyo, Isaac LeFevre, Matthew LeFevre and Abra- 
ham Ein, the Twelve Men elected for the present year, have 
presented their petition to the Legislature, suggesting several 
of the matters herein before recited, and further suggesting 
that no deeds of partition or other conveyance having ever 
passed between the several persons interested in the said 
patent for vesting in them in severally the several allotments, 
which in the said several partitions fell to their shares, respec- 
tively; and the said book and correspondent possession being 
the only evidence of the said several partitions the petitioners 
were advised that the said several partitions were therefore 
materially defective in law ; and further suggesting that no 
controversy has as yet arisen between the several persons 
interested in the said patent, with respect to their title in 
severalty to their respective allotments, that the petitioners 
were nevertheless induced to apply to the Legislature to con- 
firm the said several partitions, lest the interference of the 
Legislature, after such controversies had arisen and suits 
commenced in consequence thereof, might appear to favor the 
claims of one of the parties in preference to the other, the 
petitioners did therefore, in order to preserve peace among 
the inhabitants of said patent, to promote the improvement 


and settlement of the same and finally to prevent the injurious 
litigation to which the petitioners. and others interested in the 
said patent would otherwise be exposed, pray for a law to 
confirm the said several partitions; and whereas the Legisla- 
ture have taken the said petition in consideration and have 
thought fit that the prayer thereof should be granted, therefore, 
Be it enacted by the people of the state of New York, 
represented in Senate and Assembly,' and it is hereby enacted 
by the authority of the same that the said several partitions, 
written in said Book shall be and hereby are ratified and 
confirmed ; and that when in either of the said several parti- 
tions, any lots or parcels of land were alloted or fell to, or 
to the respective parts or shares of the said several twelve 
original patentees in the said letters patent named, the said 
several twelve original patentees shall be deemed and hereby 
are declared to have been seized severally in fee simple of 
said lots or parcels of land, respectively, as from and imme- 
diately after the issuing of the said letters patent deeds of 
partition had in due process of law for vesting the same 
in severalty in fee simple in the said original patentees respec- 
tively been made and executed by and between them the 
said twelve original patentees ; and that when on either of 
the said several partitions any lots or parcels of land were 
allotted or fell to or became the part or share of any person 
not being one of the said twelve original patentees such person 
shall be deemed and hereby is declared to have been seized 
in fee simple as from and immediately after such partition 
of the lots or parcels of land which were so alloted or fell 
to or became the part or share of such person in like manner 
as if all the other persons, then having a right or interest in 
such lot or parcel of land, had immediately after such parti- 
tion, by conveyance made and executed in due form of law 


granted and conveyed in fee simple their respective rights 
and interests of in or to such lot or parcel of land to the 
person to whom or to whose part or share the same on such 
partition was alloted or fell and 

Be it further enacted that it shall and may be lawful for 
the surveyor-general of the state, and he is hereby required 
to retain said book in his custody, until a convenient time 
after the passing of this act and then having first subscribed 
a certificate to be inserted in said book and representing that 
the said book is the book meant and intended in and by this 
act to deliver the same with his hand to the clerk of the 
county of Ulster for the time being, who is hereby authorized 
and required to receive it and to deposit the same in the 
office of the said clerk, there to remain forever, and that the 
said book or a copy thereof, certified by a clerk of said county 
for time being, and attested by a credible witness who shall 
have compared the same with the original, shall in all cases 
be admitted and received in evidence of the several partitions 
therein mentioned, 

Provided always that this act nor any thing therein 
contained shall affect or be deemed or construed to af- 
fect the right, title, interest or possession of any per- 
son or persons claiming or holding by virtue of any 
other grant or letters patent, in any wise soever, Provided, 
nevertheless, that in all controversies between parties claim- 
ing under the partitions hereby confirmed and parties claim- 
ing under any other grants or letters patent this act and the 
partitions hereby confirmed shall be deemed and adjudged 
to be as good evidence of an estate in severalty under the 
said Paltz Patent as if said partition had been made accord- 
ing to the course of the common law. 





It is much to be regretted that so little of the local and 
family history of the early settlers of this and adjoining 
townships should now be in possession of the present gen- 

Our fathers seldom cared to impart such information to 
their children, so that in many instances the details of vicissi- 
tudes of pioneer life, the founding of families, or the ex- 
tinction of the same, the occupancy of lands, the personal 
sacrifices and loss of life in Colonial and Indian wars and 
even service and patriotic devotion in the American Revolu- 
tion only come to us in disjointed and traditional form, and 
are now scarcely recalled by their present descendants or are 
lost in indifference and neglect. 

In many cases officers who served in the Revolution have 
left no record of their service and devotion, and their descend- 
ants only know that they served. 

Of recent years an interest has been stimulated in the matter 
by the formation of patriotic societies, such as the " Daughters 
and Sons of the American Revolution," " The Huguenot So- 
ciety " and others, so that at this time many facts have been 
recalled, and although somewhat meagre and disjointed, they 
yet serve to perpetuate a feeling of patriotism and a respect 
xor our ancestors. 

it is only through a perpetuation of the memory of the 
Pilgrims and Puritans, the Colonial worthies, and especially 


the soldiers of the American Revolution, and the principles 
for which they fought, their sacrifices and incredible hard- 
ships, with their final triumph resulting in the formation of 
the American Republic, that we can expect to inculcate and 
foster the sentiments of patriotism in these coming generations 
and by this means assimilate and digest the hordes of for- 
eigners, now coming to our shores, most of whom are entirely 
ignorant of our early history and of the fundamental prin- 
ciples underlying our government and laws. 

This slight and imperfect sketch is intended to present the 
meagre details now remaining of the life of a humble " Con- 
tinental soldier " whose services were freely given to his 
country, whose memory is now forgotten except among his 
immediate descendants. His monument in the Modena ceme- 
tery bears this inscription, "A Soldier of the American Revo- 
lution." This inscription and a few of the many details of 
his services and sufferings in the army are all that remain 
of Peter Van Orden. 

His father came from Holland in Colonial times and settled 
as a farmer in New Jersey and at one time was in good 
circumstances, but through indorsement for friends lost most 
of his property, and being in straightened circumstances was 
obliged to indenture his son, Peter, to a neighboring farmer 
who seems to have been a hard taskmaster, as Peter made 
up his mind to take the first opportunity to seek other em- 
ployment, in fact to run away. 

While entertaining such feelings, which he had communi- 
cated to a fellow laborer one day while in the potato field, 
near the highway, a recruiting sergeant came along with fife 
and drum followed by recruits. His friend said to him, 
" Now, Peter, is your chance." He threw down his potato 
fork and with a whoop, placed his hand on the top rail, landed 


in the road and then and there enlisted as a soldier in the 
American army. He was mustered in the service and served 
throughout the war and was mustered out at the conclusion 
of peace. He suffered many hardships and participated in 
many triumphs in his many campaigns and battles. He was 
wounded three times once by a bayonet thrust in his side, 
on which occasion he was made prisoner; once through the 
arm, and once in the head, this last wound was nearly fatal. 
No person could look him in the face and fail to notice the 
scar left by this wound. He was struck in the forehead by 
a musket ball at about the edge of the hair. The ball passed 
along the top of his head removing the scalp and hair in 
its course, and indenting the skull for about four inches. His 
skull was trepanned and portions of the bone removed, so 
that on looking closely you could see the pulsation of the 
blood. The wound left a deep groove, in which no hair grew 
and it showed a white strip the width of the finger. He was 
nursed for six months in a friendly family and when recov- 
ered rejoined his regiment. On the occasion of the wound 
in his arm, he was in line of battle, loading and firing, when 
on endeavoring to ram cartridge he could not raise his arm. 
He was unconscious of his wound until he saw blood dripping 
from his fingers. 

In another battle, in repelling a charge he received a bayonet 
thrust in his side and was taken prisoner, and sent to the 
hospital. On partial recovery he was placed in the " Old 
Sugar House Prison " in New York City. This was his 
hardest experience throughout the war, and his relation of 
the horrors of this prison was most pathetic. He was placed 
in prison at the commencement of one of the severest winters 
known to the city. Through the winter heavy artillery was 
transported on the ice between New York and New Jersey. 


A near friend and distant relative was in confinement at the 
same time, and the last that he saw of him he was crawling 
up the stairs on the stumps of his legs, his feet having been 
amputated. Peter owed his life to a very curious circum- 
stance: Some unknown friend sent him two thick blankets 
and two pair of woolen stockings of which he gave a blanket 
and pair of stockings to a fellow prisoner. He thought this 
timely charity from an unknown friend saved his life, as great 
numbers were frozen to death before spring, at which time 
he was exchanged and rejoined his regiment. He served in 
the Northern campaigns under Schuyler and Gates and was 
in the battles preceding the surrender of Burgoyne, and like- 
wise at the surrender. 

He told of Arnold's brilliant courage and his insubordina- 
tion. He was once asked how many men he had killed in 
battle. His reply was that he might have killed many, but 
to his knowledge had only killed one, and then related this 
incident of the above campaign : He was scouting with a party 
in command of an officer and in crossing a swamp they were 
unexpectedly almost surrounded by Indians. They took to 
the trees and commenced a determined resistance. The In- 
dians evidently believing themselves outnumbered commenced 
to retreat, just at this time he discovered an Indian peering 
around a tree, and apparently unaware of his proximity. 
He shot him through the body and running up found on his 
person a British medal hung about his neck, a musket, a 
tomahawk and a small copper kettle. He secured the medal 
and kettle. By this time his companions were in the distance 
making for a hill overlooking the swamp. When they attained 
its summit they saw the lake beyond the swamp dotted with 
Indian canoes making for the opposite shore, the paddles 
flashing in the declining sun. 


He saw most of his service about New York and the Hud- 
son. He was in the battle of Long Island and followed Wash- 
ington on his evacuation of New York and was at the battle 
of White Plains. He was familiar with the doings of the 
tories and skinners infesting the country between Peekskill 
and the British lines, knew " Light Horse Harry," Generals 
Putnam, " Mad " Anthony W T ayne, Clinton and Greene, but 
his pet General was LaFayette of whom he was never tired 
of talking, and to the day of his death wore a gold seal on 
his fob chain set with a cornelian on which was engraved 
an intaglio portrait of this gallant Frenchman. 

He was with the detachment sent to reinforce Gates, and 
after the surrender of Burgoyne returned with his regiment 
to New Jersey and wintered at Morristown. He related the 
deplorable condition of the troops tt this time, and expressed 
his belief that but for the battle of Trenton the army might 
have disbanded. 

He disliked General Gates, who he said never had the con- 
fidence of the soldiers; he spoke of him as a trickster and 
insubordinate. His estimate of General Lee was singularly 
accurate as to character as delineated by subsequent history. 
He admired General Greene, saying he was much beloved 
by his soldiers. 

Pages could be filled with his anecdotes and adventures 
as a soldier, but no pen could give them the effect produced 
by his nervous and dramatic recital. His perception and 
delineation of character and his observations on the events 
of the war showed a mind of unusual power and critical 
discernment, and this is the more remarkable as his educa- 
tion was very limited. His attainments were acquired in 
that best of schools, contact with his fellows in the rough 
and tumble of a busy life. Mr. Van Orden was a large and 


impressive man, six feet two in height, and weighing over 
200 pounds, inflexible in integrity and a pronounced foe to 
all hypocrisy and cant, pronounced in his likes and dislikes 
he had, in consequence, many friends and not a few foes. 
There was nothing of the milk and water in his composition. 
You would always know where to find him, but never " on 
the fence." 

When mustered out he found himself in New York. He 
had some arrears of pay due him, and on receipt of these 
bought a horse and cart and entered the employment of a 
wealthy merchant and shipowner well known in the early 
history of the city, named Costar. He eventually obtained 
complete control of the carting business and employed about 
forty men in this and kindred enterprises. 

He related an unique method of paying off his men. On 
Saturday night his men congregated at Mr. Costar's office 
on the sidewalk. Mr. Van Orden wore a large beaver hat 
and when he was paid for his week's carting would put the 
silver money in his hat, take a seat on the steps, have his 
men file past him and pay them out of his hat. He accumu- 
lated considerable property and at the time of leaving the 
city, owned three houses and lots facing on Maiden Lane. 
These lots were large and surrounded the houses and had 
they been retained would now be worth several millions. 
At this time he was a man of some consequence and public 
notoriety. His heirs have in their possession a certificate 
from Major Duane giving him the " freedom of the city of 
New York " which was no small honor. His brother Charles 
was chief of the police of the city and an intimate friend of 
Aaron Burr, and with him used to visit the family after they 
moved to the country. His mother's name was Brower, his 
wife's maiden name was Warner and she was related by 
blood and marriage to the Vandals and Brevoorts. 


Peter Van Orden had a family of one son and three 
daughters. The son, Abraham, married Maria LeFever, 
daughter of Philip LeFever of Kettleboro and occupied the 
old homestead still in the family. When Peter Van Orden 
first occupied the farm in Plattekill he sold a lot, afterwards 
known as the Still House lot, opposite the homestead. On 
this lot a company built a very large building and established 
a distillery, and at this time he built a large dam and erected 
a grist mill in which he ground the grain purchased from the 
farmers by the company for the distillery. He also built the 
storehouse which was standing up to last year, just east of 
the homestead door yard. In this store he and his partner, 
John Warner, sold merchandise to the people of the sur- 
rounding country. At this time the place contained two 
stores, a large distillery, a grist mill, a hatter's shop, two 
blacksmiths, one wheelwright and a shoemaker. 


We have in our possession an old book of grandfather 
Peter LeFevre in which he kept a summary of cases tried 
before him as Justice of the Peace for a period of twenty- 
two years, commencing in 1792. 

The book is composed of about 150 sheets of unruled paper, 
stitched together, with a flexible pasteboard cover. In turn- 
ing over the leaves we find, here and there, pressed flowers 
bluebells, honeysuckles, larkspurs and other varieties, placed 
there perhaps by the daughters of the family after their 
father had ceased to use the book as a record of the cases 
tried before him. 

The last entry in the book states that the writer qualified 
as one of the judges of the court of common pleas for the 
county of Ulster in April, 1814, but this book only contains 


the record of cases tried at an earlier date while he was 
justice of the peace. A great portion of the legal papers 
needed by the New Paltz people in those days, such as wills 
and deeds were drawn up by grandfather, but that has nothing 
to do with the record" in this book. 

There are a few cases of petit larceny recorded but nearly 
all the cases are civil actions. In most instances they seem 
to have been tried without the aid of a lawyer. Sometimes 
a jury was asked for and granted and sometimes the parties 
would agree to leave the case to referees. Occasionally there 
would be no appearance on the part of the defendant and 
judgment would be taken by default. In a number of cases 
tried the justice's fees are only twenty-one cents, the con- 
stable's fees not much more and the jurors' fees i2 l / 2 cents 
each. The work must have been performed by all the officials 
from a sense of obligation and not for financial profit. In a 
part of the cases the place of meeting was the residence of 
the justice; in others the houses of Ann DuBois (Liberty- 
ville), Daniel DuBois (village) and Josiah Elting are men- 

We note a few of the cases recorded, not because they are 
of importance, but because they are amusing or interesting. 
The following entry seems to denote a case of " diamond cut 
diamond " and it also shows that people were subject to a 
fine for working on the Sabbath : " John Fredericks paid his 
fine of six shillings for laboring on Sunday, the I4th day of 
Sept., 1800, to me Peter Le Fevre, junior, at the complaint 
of William Fredericks and William Fredericks paid his fine 
of six shillings at the complaint of John Fredericks for labor- 
ing on Sunday, the 1/ of Sept., 1800." 

In one of the cases recorded Wm. N. McDonald sued Jonas 
Wood for a fiddle he had loaned him ; judgment was recorded 


for $3.12. In another case when the parties appeared for 
trial the situation is thus stated : " The plaintiff says it is not 
the man he intended and has no account against him." Ac- 
cordingly the case was dismissed and the plaintiff paid the 
costs. In another case the plaintiff sued the defendant for 
$2.50 damages " for beating of his nuts from the trees; stand- 
ing in his enclosure and taking them away." At the hearing 
the parties agreed on eighty-one cents damages, without hav- 
ing the case tried. Doctors, school teachers and merchants 
are recorded as sueing to get their pay. In one of the cases, 
tried in 1800, Dr. Geo. Wurts sued Adam Crans for attend- 
ance and medicine and the defendant not putting in an appear- 
ance judgment was rendered for $24. But there is no memo- 
randum showing that the judgment ever w r as paid. In an- 
other case, tried in the same year Stephen Roe sued Jesias 
Hasbrouck for an " account of schooling " claiming $14.25. 
This was a jury trial and the verdict was for $6.95. In an- 
other case tried in 1800 before " Peter LeFevre junior, Jo- 
hannes LeFevre and Jonathan Hardenbergh, esquires," Lewis 
Berrian was tried on a charge of stealing Indian corn of 
Jonathan Tompkins and found " not guilty." In another case 
the plaintiff claimed that the defendant's son who was an 
" infant " had broken a fiddle valued at $9. There was no 
appearance on the part of the defendant and judgment was 
entered and paid with costs. Jacob Bedford was the attorney 
most frequently mentioned. 

The case recorded at greatest length is that of Jonas Has- 
brouck and wife of the town of Rochester against Frederick 
Westbrook and Jonathan Westbrook, tried in 1795. John 
Addison, who was a noted lawyer in those days, was attorney 
for the plaintiffs. He claimed that the defendants by raising 
the dam of their mill on the Mombakkus creek in the town of 


Rochester had caused the water to overflow plaintiff's land. 
There were twelve witnesses examined on the side of the 
plaintiffs and five on the side of the defendants. It appeared 
from the testimony that the mill was built in 1753 or 1754 
and that it had been customary to place boards on top of the 
dam. Among the witnesses examined were Abraham Vernooy 
and John Cantine, both of whom had surveyed the land. The 
verdict in the case was for defendant. 

After looking over the book we are led to the conclusion 
that there was much more litigation over trifling matters a 
century ago than there is now. It seldom happens in our day 
that one man sues another on account, or for trespass. Very 
few cases are tried in justice's court, nowadays. Perhaps the 
main reason is that in our day a lawyer must be employed 
to try a case and his charge amounts to a considerable su/n, 
besides the other costs. Besides this we think that people 
are more inclined to live peaceably with their neighbors than 
in the olden days. 




The following papers, including a letter of dismissal from, 
the church at Manheim, a letter evidently written by the 
father of Jean and Abraham Hasbrouck the Patentees and 
denization papers making Jean Hasbrouck an English citizen, 
have come down in the family and are now in the possession 
of Mrs. Laura T. H. Varick of Poughkeepsie. 


Jean Hasebruck et sa fernme.sont membres. de '1 Eglise de, 
Christ et vecuparmi nous durant le sejour- qu' ils yont fait 
.honettement et Chretiennement 1 frequentants les Saintes 'as- 
sembles et participants au Saint Sacrement de la Cene ' de ; 
notre S. I. C. sans scandale qui nous, soit connu : C'est pcjur- 
,quoy nous les Recommandons comme tels aux freres ' de. 
L'Eglise, ou Dieu les adressera 

Fait a Manheim au bas Palatinat ce 27 mars 1672. 

Les Conclucteurs de L'Eglise Francoyse du dit lieu et;au 
nom de tons Wesenfels Pasteur, 


Jean Hasbrouck and his wife are members of the Church 
of Christ and have lived virtuously and Christianlike among 
us during the sojourn which they have made here, frequenting 
the sacred assemblies and participating in the Holy Sacra- 
ment of the Supper of our Lord Jesus Christ without scandal 
known to us. 

Therefore we recommend them as such to the brothers of 
the Church where God may guide them. 



Done at Manheim in the lower Palatinate this 27 March 

The Directors of the French Church of the said place and 
in the name of all. 

\Yesenfels, Pastor. 


Latis Deo 


ce 3 decembre 1676 
My dear children 

Having had the opportunity through Monsieur Boidiy of 
giving you news of us I have not wished to lose the occasion 
to tell you that we are all well, God be thanked, namely: I. 
my wife, your brother Andrien and your sister Elizabette, 
hoping the same for you all. 

Meanwhile we are greatly surprised that since your de- 
parture from London, about twenty months ago, we have had 
no news of your welfare and more especially because the 
gazettes are always haunting us here with bad news of your 
country on account of the war which you have had against 
the savages, but as they tell us at present that, the savages 
are entirely defeated and even their King Philippe captured 
and beheaded and quartered, we hope you will do better 
for the future. 

As for us we have always great wars since your departure 
and we are still staying in this town waiting for better things. 
We have constantly lost our cattle and our harvest these two 
years past and this last summer were always with weapons 
in hand for the Imperials laid siege to the city of Philippbourg 
at the beginning of May and staid there -before it until the 


beginning of September when the French came out of it. By 
the capture of this city we hoped things would go a little 
better. However if peace is not made we have nothing to 
expect in this quarter but all sorts of misery and poverty. 

Write us as quickly as possible how it goes in your country 
and what there is of it, for if it is good I am always of the 
same intention as when you left here, to come and find you; 
but if it does not suit you at all well, I hope that you would 
return here near us. 

If you cannot make enough to return as far as here, try 
to get as far as London and let us know it, and then I and 
your mother Esther will send you the money to the .said 
London for returning here. 

Above all do -not fail to describe truthfully how every- 
thing is. 

There is no change in the house of your mother since your 
departure and they live [The rest of the letter and signature 
are torn off.] 

The reference " your departure from London about twenty 
months ago " naturally refers to Abraham who did not leave 
for this country until two years after Jean's departure. The 
town of Spire, called Speyer in German, from which the above 
letter was written, was one of the great Protestant strongholds 
in Germany and is near Manheim. 


I, Thomas Lawrence, Notary and Tabellion Publick, by 
Royal Authority admitted and Sworn, dwelling in London, 
Do hereby Certifie and Attest unto all whom it may concern, 
That I have Seen and Perused certain Letters Patents of 
Denization, granted by our Sovereign Lord King William the 
Third, under the Broad Seal of England Dated the 3rd day 


of July in the Thirteenth Year of His Majesty's Reign, 
wherein among others is inserted the name of John Hasbrouck 
who though Born beyond Seas, is made His Majesty's Liege 
Subject and is to be held reputed and taken, as Subject Born 
in this Kingdom of England ; and may as such Purchase, Buy, 
Sell and Dispose of Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments in 
this Kingdom, or in any other of His Majesty's Dominions, 
as freely, peaceably and entirely, as any Subject Born in this 
Kingdom; and that the said John Hasbrouck ... by 
Virtue of the said Letters Patents, is to enjoy all Liberties, 
Privileges and Franchises of Subject Born in this Kingdom, 
without any Disturbance, Impediment or Molestation : As also 
permitting the Persons in the said Patent mentioned, to be 
mariners or Masters of Ships during the time they and their 
Families shall reside and inhabit within the Dominions of the 
Crown of England and no longer, as by the said Patent, rela- 
tion being thereunto had, may more at large appear. 

Of all which, Act being Required of me said Notary, I 
have Granted these Presents to serve- and avail the said John 
Hasbrouck ... in Time and Place Convenient. 

London the I5th day of July, 1701. And in the Thirteenth 
Year of His Majesty's Reign. 

In Testimonium Veritatis Signo meo Manuali Solito Sig- 
navi Tabellionatus mei Sigillum apposui rogatus 



It was, we think, not necessary for Jean Hasbrouck to 
leave the province of New York in order to secure denization 
papers, since it appears from the Ecclesiastical Records of 
New York that in 1687 Gov. Dongan requested ., the names 


of all French Protestants who desired to settle or remain in 
the province, in order that they might receive letters of Deni- 


We have this additional information concerning the de- 
scendants of Benjamin, son of Abraham Hasbrouck, the Pat- 
entee, who located in Dutchess County : Besides the children 
mentioned on page 394 Benjamin had a son Abraham, who 
had sons Abraham, John and James. Abraham and James 
lived at Louisville, Kentucky. 

Mr. Abfn. M. Hasbrouck relates some very interesting 
history of the family of his grandfather Jacob J. Hasbrouck, 
Jr., and his great-grandfather Jacob J. Hasbrouck. The 
latter was a major in the time of the Revolutionary war. 
When the British, under Vaughn, burned Kingston, Major 
Hasbrouck was away from home, presumably with the army, 
although the tradition does not state where he was. It was 
thought that the British, after burning Kingston, would 
march down along this side of the river and we may judge 
that there was great excitement at New Paltz. One of the 
LeFevre families at Bontecoe hid their valuables in a hollow 
tree. Major Hasbrouck's family lived in the old steep roofed 
stone house in this village, now the Memorial House. In 
the absence of the head of the household his wife, with her 
son Jacob J., Jr., who was about ten years of age, and a 
trusty slave, took all the valuable papers and silverware, 
spoons, etc., and placed them in a pot, then hid the pot in 
a barrel and carried it to a point about half-way between 
the old Normal School site and the present location of the 
Maurice P. Hasbrouck house. The spot is marked by a 
large white stone, a part of which still remains. Here they 


buried the barrel with its contents; Mrs. Hasbrouck remark- 
ing that if she were killed the son might survive, and if they 
both were killed the negro man might live to tell the absent 
members of the family what had been done with the valu- 
ables. It was midnight as they finished their task. The 
British did not come to New Paltz, however, but hurried 
off down the river. 

Towards the close of the war, Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Jr., 
when a lad of about twelve years of age, was sent to school 
at Newburgh and boarded with the family of Col. Jonathan 
Hasbrouck, whose wife was his mother's sister, both being 
^laughters of Cornelius DuBois, Sen., of Poughwaughtenonk. 
Washington was at that time an inmate of Col. Jonathan's 
house. Once Washington sent young Jacob Hasbrouck out 
into the orchard for a hat full of peaches and when he came 
in asked him to eat one of them, which the lad thought 
strange. But it is said that it was the custom of Washington 
to have his food tasted by the one who prepared or brought 
it as a safe-guard against poison. 


There is no story of more thrilling interest concerning 
Xew Paltz people than that of the fate of Louis Hasbrouck, 
who left his New Paltz home about 1816 and was never 
again heard of. Mr. Abm. M. Hasbrouck who, is a nephew, 
relates the story as follows: Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Jr., was 
married to his first wife, Margaret Hardenburgh, at Rosen- 
dale in the old family mansion of her father Gerardus Har- 
denburgh. One of her wedding slippers and a beautiful 
dress which was hers are among the relics in the Memorial 
House. Her tombstone which stands alone in the old grave- 
yard at New Paltz says that she was born April i2th, 1776, 


and died July 7th, 1796. She left an infant son who was 
named Louis. Her husband married again and by his sec- 
ond wife had a large family of children. Louis heired from 
his mother some 15,000 or 16,000 acres of land in Sullivan, 
county which was a part of the great Hardenburgh patent. 
His father sent him to college at Schenectady, paid the taxes 
on the Sullivan county land and when he was twenty-one 
years of age told him that he must now take care of the 
property himself. Young Louis had no taste for work, 
but was a great reader, had purchased Lewis & Clark's books 
relating their experiences in the far west and he had trained 
his horse so that he would dash into the Wallkill and swim 
to the opposite shore with a rider on his back and then 
turn around and swim back again. He had been clerk in 
Cornelius Bruyn's store just north of the old graveyard. 
He boarded at Budd's hotel at the time of the famous poison- 
ing cases but he escaped that danger. Early one morning 
the young man started off on his well trained horse, armed 
with rifle and pistols, to visit his Sullivan county possessions. 
He never returned and no tidings of him ever reached his 
New Paltz home. It is supposed that he was murdered. Once 
when a man was to be hung in Sullivan county for a murder 
some time afterwards, Louis' father sent another son all the 
way to Monticello on the day of the execution, to inquire 
of the condemned man if he could not tell where Louis Has- 
brouck's bones were buried. But the man replied that he 
knew nothing of the matter. 

It is by no means certain that he was murdered in Sul- 
livan county, for the story of Lewis & Clark's adventures 
may have lured him to the far west, and the training of his 
horse to swim streams indicates that he had a life of adven- 


ture in view. This theory seems the more probable from his 
reported saying that he would never come back until he 
could walk over his father's farm with a gold cane. 

He never returned nor was any news of him ever received. 

As his second wife Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Jr., married Anna 
DuBois. Their descendants still reside in New Paltz and 
vicinity to a great extent. Jacob J. Hasbrouck had a great 
deal of property and could walk from the Wallkill to the 
Hudson on his own land. About 1830 he moved from the 
stone house in the northern portion of the village, built about 
1790 and now owned and occupied by his grandson Abram 
M., to Bontecoe, where he made purchase of land and built 
the brick house now owned by his grandson Luther. This 
farm consisting mainly of lowland is one of the best in the 

Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Jr., by his second wife Anna DuBois, 
had a large family of children as follows : Catharine (wife of 
Mathusalem DuBois), Asenath (wife of Derrick DuBois), 
Albina (wife of Dr. David Wurts), Maurice, Jacob, DuBois 
and Huram. Maurice Hasbrouck married Jane DuBois. Their 
sons were Jacob M., Josiah J., Abram M., and Simon, all 
of whom resided in this town. Jacob Hasbrouck (usually 
known as colonel), son of Jacob J. Jr., located at what is 
now Highland, on land of his father. Colonel Jacob built a 
fine stone house in which he always resided, living to a great 
age. His sons were Levi J., Jacob, Alex C, and Theodore. 
The youngest son of Jacob J. Jr., Huram, long occupied the 
farm at Bontecoe, after his father's death and until about 
1855. His first wife was Maria Hasbrouck and his second 
wife was her sister Rozilla. He was County Treasurer in 





Gerrit Freer, Jr., who was probably the first resident at 
what is now Bntterville, has had a numerous line of descend- 
ants in this vicinity: He was the son of Hugo Freer, Jr. and 
his wife Bridgen Terpening of Bontecoe. Hugo Jr. was the 
son of Hugo, senior, of this village, who was the son of Hugo 
the Patentee. 

Gerrit was born in 1727 and was married by Dominie 
Mancius at Kingston in 1748 to Maria Freer, the record stat- 
ing that the groom had been born at Bontecoe and the bride 
at New Paltz and both then resided at Bontecoe. 

The house in which Gerrit, Jr. lived is no longer standing. 
It was located a short distance north of what was the David 
LeFevre house in modern days. 

Gerrit wrote Jr. after his name to distinguish him from 
Gerrit Freer of Kingston, who was about a dozen years older. 
The name of Gerrit Freer, Jr. appears as a resident of the 
Butterville neighborhood in the tax list of 1765. He was one 
of the building committee of the second stone church in this 
village in 1771, a deacon in 1764; an elder in 1771, 1778, 1791, 
1802 and 1804. He was one of the signers of the Articles 
of Association in 1775. 

The children of Gerrit Freer, Jr. and his wife Maria Freer 
were Jonas, born in 1752; Catharine, born in 1754 (married 
Jonathan LeFevre); Ezekiel, born in 1756; Maria; Brechie; 
Ellsje; Martinas, born in 1767; Gerrit, born in 1777; Margaret. 

Jonas, eldest son of Gerrit Freer, Jr. continued to reside in 
what is now the Butterville neighborhood, as did also his 


brother Martinas. He married Lavinia (Wyntje) Hasbrouck, 
(daughter of Jehosaphat). Jonas wrote his name Jonas, Jr. 
His name appears among the signers of the Articles of Asso- 
ciation. His sons were Gerrit, who resided at Butterville, 
Benjamin I. who resided southwest of Tuthill, Jophat, who 
lived on South street in the town of Lloyd, and Daniel Has- 

Ezekiel Freer, son of Gerrit Freer, Jr., the first of the 
name at Butterville, was born in 1756, as we have stated. 
He married Elizabeth Slater. They had five sons: Ezekiel, 
Gerrit, John E., Jonas E. and Samuel D. All of these mar- 
ried and had children. Ezekiel lived in Springtown; married 
Esther Van Wagenen, and was the father of Ezekiel, Gerrit, 
Daniel and Maurice W., the last named of whom married 
Sarah Acker, and long resided in the Middletown neighbor- 
hood. Gerritt, son of Ezekiel, son of Gerritt of Butter- 
ville, lived in the town of Esopus, not far from the 
Bontecoe school house, where John Walsh afterward lived. 
He was the father of Abraham H., Chester and Dennis. Abra- 
ham H. was the father of Rev. Harris A. Freer. Jonas E., 
son of Ezekiel, son of Gerrit of Butterville, married Anna 
Wood and had four sons : Hiram, John R., David and Dewain. 
John R. was a stone mason and large contractor and builder 
in Kingston. John E., son of Ezekiel, son of Gerrit Jr. of 
Butterville, married Eve Smith and lived a half mile this 
side of the Bontecoe school house in the town of Esopus. 

Samuel D., youngest of the sons of Ezekiel, son of Gerrit 
Freer, Jr. of Butterville, married Gertrude Schoonmaker. He 
spent a long life on his farm in what was then called the 
Gerhow, afterwards Cold Spring Corner and now the Plutarch 
neighborhood. From his son Ezekiel, who is still living in 
that neighborhood at the age of nearly eighty we have some 


portion of the information contained in this sketch, but are 
mainly indebted to Cyrus D. Freer. 

Now going back once more to Butterville we find that Mar- 
tinas Freer, son of Gerrit, Jr., who with his brother Jonas 
continued to reside in that neighborhood, married but we do 
not find the names of any children recorded on the church 


Two of the sons of Hugo Freer, the Patentee, Jacob and 
Abraham located at Bontecoe, as did also their nephew Hugo, 
Jr., son of Hugo senior. 

Abraham built his house before 1705 on the east side of the 
Wallkill, a short distance south of the Bontecoe school-house. 
Jacob lived on the west side of the Wallkill. His house which 
was torn down some years ago stood near the location of the 
Charles Bodley house of modern times. The house of Hugo 
Freer, Jr., still standing on the west side of the Wallkill came 
down in the family from one Hugo to another until recent 
years. It is now owned by J. W. Dimmick. The last owners 
of the Freer name were the sons of Jeremiah Freer. 

Abraham Freer after a residence of about fifteen years or 
perhaps longer at Bontecoe moved to what is now Rhinebeck 
about 1720. His brother Jacob and nephew, Hugo, Jr., and 
many of their descendants resided in the extreme north-west- 
ern part of the patent. A portion of the Patent lying north 
and west of the \Vallkill was included in the town of Hurley 
in Revolutionary days and since 1844 has been a part of the 
town of Rosendale. 

We find Abraham Freer, who afterwards moved to Rhine- 
beck, located at Bontecoe in 1705 and he may have been there 
some time earlier. We can not fix the date when his brother 
Jacob, and his nephew, Hugo, Jr., located at Bontecoe. The 



oldest paper we have in reference to the matter is in 1730. 
It refers to the line between Jacob Freer's land and the tract 
in the bend of the Wallkill, then as now called the Half Moon, 
which was then owned by the Ean family and remained in 
their possession until quite recently. There are two very old 
burying grounds near the house of Hugo Freer, Jr., at Bonte- 
coe. Tradition in the LeFevre family says that Isaac LeFevre,. 
the first of the name at Bontecoe, was buried in the graveyard 
near the residence of Hugo Freer, Jr., who was his wife's 
brother. The first Clearwater in Ulster county who resided 
in this neighborhood was also buried here and a stone bearing 
his initials has been found in this graveyard. 

Jacob Freer of Bontecoe, son of Hugo, the Patentee, had 
several children, of none of whom have we much account 
except the son, Jacob, Jr., who married Sarah Freer, daughter 
of Hugo, Jr. They had sons : Jacob, Hugo and Jonathan. 
One daughter Bregge, married Abraham B. Deyo. Jacob, the 
oldest son of Jacob, Jr., married Margaret Ean in 1768. 

Among the signers of the Articles of Association in the 
town of Hurley appear the names of Jacob, Jr., Hugo, J., and 
Jonathan Freer, all sons of Jacob, Jr. Among the soldiers of 
the First Ulster Militia in the Revolutionary War, which in- 
cluded the Hurley contingent, appear the names of Hugo and 
Jonathan Freer, sons of Jacob, Jr. Jonathan, son of Jacob, Jr.,. 
married Margaret Deyo. Their sons were Hendrick, Levi and 

The sons of Hugo (3) usually called Hugo, Jr., all lived 
at Bontecoe except Garrit, who located in what is now Butter- 

Hugo (4) occupied the house of his father Hugo (3) and 
married, Hester Deyo. Their sons were Daniel, Paulus, Hugo,. 
Benjamin and Jeremiah. The names of Benjamin and Jere- 


miah appear in the list of citizens of Hurley signing the 
Articles of Association and the name of Paulus among the 
New Paltz signers of the Articles of Association. Among the 
soldiers of the First Ulster County Regiment, in which citi- 
zens of Hurley were included, appear the names of Benjamin 
and Jeremiah Freer, and in the Third Ulster County Regiment, 
which was to quite an extent from the town of Xew Paltz, 
as it then was, appears the name of Paulus Freer. 

Daniel son of Hugo (4) married Maria Helm and had sev- 
eral children. Moses, son of Hugo (4) married Judith Van 
Aake and had a son David. 

Paulus, son of Hugo (4), built the house now the residence 
of Silas Freer. He married Elizabeth Van Wagenen. Their 
children were Moses, Rachel (who married John Hood), 
Elizabeth (who married Abraham Steen), Esther (who mar- 
ried Job Tillson), Maria (who married Peter Fan), and Jo- 
hannes. Benjamin, son of Hugo (4), lived on the east side 
of the Wallkill in a house, part stone and part frame. He left 
no children and the property passed to his nephew Hugo B. 
Freer. Jeremiah, youngest son of Hugo (4), was born in 
1754. He was a very large land owner. At this time most 
of the land on the west side of the Wallkill, from Springtown 
to the north bounds of the Patent, belonged to the Freers, 
except what was owned by the Deyos, where James E. and 
Matthew Deyo now live and what was owned by Benjamin 
DuBois or his son Daniel, who lived in the old stone house 
still standing, a short distance north of James E. Deyo's. 


On page 442 of the " History of JvTew Paltz and its Old 
Families " it is said that Andries and Peter LeFevre went 
from Bontecoe where their father Isaac, their grandfather 


Johannes and their great-grandfather Isaac had lived and 
located at Greenfield in the town of Wawarsing on land which 
came from the grandmother Vernooy. The date was about 
1800. They had several hundred acres of land at Greenfield 
on which a stone house was huilt, which was a well known 
landmark and has remained in the family until the present 
day. Andries, the elder of the brothers, was born in 1777 
and died in 1860 at the age of eighty-three years. His wife 
was Maria Bevier. They had one son Isaac who moved to 
Iowa, where his family is still living at Montrose in that 
state. They also had three daughters: Maria, who was Solo- 
mon DuBois' first wife and moved to Ohio; Margaret, who 
married James Chambers, and Nellie, who married Daniel 
LeFeyre of Kettleboro. Peter LeFevre, who with his brother 
Andries, moved from Bontecoe to' Greenfield, was born in 
1780 and died in 1861. His wife was Nelly Newkirk. They 
had a family of four sons and eight daughters. The sons 
were: William, Peter, Epenetes and Andrew. Epenetes, the 
only survivor, lives on the old homestead. None of the sons 
left male heirs except William, who had two sons, Melvan 
living at Genoa, 111., and Abram Deyo LeFevre of Zearing, 


Until comparatively modern times the descendants of 
Simon LeFevre the Patentee, had emigrated from Ulster 
county much less than the other families of New Paltz 

Daniel LeFevre, who emigrated to Delaware county when 
a young man, was born at Bontecoe in 1784 and was the 
son of Isaac, the only son of Johannes, son of Isaac, the 
first LeFevre at Bontecoe who was son of Simon the Patentee. 
Daniel's parents both died before he was ten years old and 


he was brought up by his uncle Philip Deyo who resided 
on the Paltz Plains and whose wife was his mocher's sister. 
When twenty-one years of age Daniel struck out for himself 
and traveled on horseback over the Catskills to what is now 
Delaware county, where he found an acquaintance and 
relative, Isaac Hardenbergh, a descendant of Col. Harden- 
bergh owner of the great Hardenbergh Patent. The country 
was then a wilderness without roads. Daniel LeFevre located 
in Delaware county in 1806. In 1808 he married Henrietta 
Schermerhorn and bought out her father's tanning business 
in the town of Roxbury, by the river on the old post road, 
about midway between Mooresville (now Grand Gorge) and 
Prattsville. Daniel and his wife are both buried in the 
churchyard at Prattsville. Their children, who grew to 
maturity were Isaac born in 1810, Gilbert born in 1816, Ann 
Maria (married Frederick Pomeroy), William Chauncey, 
Sarah C. (who married Charles C. More) and Salinda E. 
(who became the second wife of Floyd S. McKinstry). The 
three sons, Isaac, Gilbert and William Chauncey all became 
practical tanners. The eldest son, Isaac, married Margaret 
M. Richtmeyer. They had children: Martin R., Henrietta, 
William LeRoy, Dewitt Chauncey, Elizabeth, Daniel and 

In 1844 Isaac moved to Northville, Fulton Co., where he 
built a tannery. His brother Gilbert was afterwards asso- 
ciated with him for a number of years. Isaac represented 1 
Fulton and Hamilton counties in the Assembly for the year 
1854, was President of the Fulton County Bank of Glovers- 
ville, N. Y., from its organization for a period of fifteen years. 
In 1866 he removed to Albany, N. Y., and formed a partner- 
ship with Jos. H. Smith and his brother Gilbert in the whole- 
sale leather business, which continued until he retired in the 


early '8o's. He continued to live in Albany until the time 
of his death in 1889. 

Isaac's son Martin R. located at Beaver Falls, Lewis 
county, where he carried on the tanning business as his 
father and grandfather had done. 

Gilbert LeFevre, son of Daniel, who moved from Bontecoe 
to Delaware county, married Lovina D. Gleason. After her 
death he married her sister Marietta Gleason, who died, leav- 
ing a son, Roman G. After his second wife's death he mar- 
ried Mary Ann Lobdell. By the third marriage there was 
one son, Arthur. Gilbert resided for a time at his father's 
tannery in Delaware county. Afterwards he and others built 
a tannery at Greenfield in the town of Wawarsing. Subse- 
quently he moved to Kingston and in 1856 to Fulton county, 
where he carried on the tanning business, was supervisor of 
the town of Northampton for a number of years in war times. 
In 1866 he moved to Albany, where he had a wholesale 
leather store and in that city he resided until his death. 

William Chauncey LeFevre, son of Daniel of Delaware 
county and brother of Isaac and Gilbert, carried on the tan- 
ning business at Beaver Falls. He subsequently sold his 
business to his brother Gilbert who afterwards disposed of 
it to his nephew Martin R., son of Isaac. Wm. C. afterwards 
lived at Carthage. He was married, but left no children. 

Each of the three brothers, Gilbert, Isaac and Wm. Chaun- 
cey were very successful and prosperous business men and 
had a large amount of property when they retired from the 
tanning business. 




It was not until after the Revolutionary War that the 
wave of emigration swept westward. 

In the Colonial days when the hive swarmed out at New 
Paltz and the young men and their wives left their native 
county, they did not go west to grow up with the country, 
but crossed the Hudson into Dutchess, or went north into 
what was then Albany county, or south into Orange, or 
journeyed further to Staten Island; or, passing on still further 
south, found a new home on the Raritan in Somerset county, 
N J. Others, emigrating from New Paltz, found a new 
place of abode in Chester county (now Lancaster county) 
Pennsylvania, while William Penn was still living and pro- 
pr etor of the province. Others of the tribe, emigrating from 
Ulter county in those old days, founded a home for them- 
selves and their descendants in Salem county in southwestern 
New Jersey. From documentary evidence, supported by tra- 
dit >n, we have some slight information of New Paltz people 
in : ic Colonial days who journeyed all the way to the banks 
of ic far Potomac. 

\ /here there were several sons in a family it was quite 
cu omary for one to. remain on the paternal estate, while 
oil ors would push out into a new region. In a portion of 
these cases we have the record of the purchase by the father 
of Tie land on which his son was soon to locate. 

It is the purpose of this chapter to relate something of 
the history of those sons of New Paltz who left their homes 
in 'iose early days. 


The three sons and one daughter of Simon LeFevre the 
Patentee all spent their days within the New Paltz patent. The 
three sons and one daughter of Pierre Deyo the Patentee 
were content to remain at New Paltz. Of the three sons of 
Jean Hasbrouck the Patentee one kept his father's home- 
stead, one went to England and one enlisted in the war in 
Canada and we have no further account of him, except men- 
tion of his death in his father's will. Three of the four sons 
of Abraham Hasbrouck the Patentee remained in the vicinity 
while the remaining son settled in Dutchess county. The 
Freers, the Beviers and the DuBoises scattered widely in the 
first and second generations. Only one son of Louis Bevier 
the Patentee remained at New Paltz, while two went to 
Napanoch and another settled at Marbletown. The two 
daughters of Hugo Freer the Patentee married and settled at 
Schenectady; one of their brothers kept his father's home- 
stead in this village; one located in Kingston, one went to- 
Bontecoe and another, after living at Bontecoe about twenty 
years, moved to Rhinebeck. Louis DuBois the Patentee had 
seven sons and one daughter. Four of the sons located in 
the immediate vicinity of New Paltz, one remained at Kings- 
ton, one settled at Hurley and one located at Rochester. 

In the next generation the grandchildren of Simon Le- 
Fevre, Pierre Deyo, Louis Bevier and Jean Hasbrouck are 
found almost altogether within the bounds of Ulster county 
as it then was, while the grandchildren of Abraham Has- 
brouck, Hugo Freer and especially of Louis DuBois had 
scattered widely, the latter being found in various portions 
of the province of New York outside of Ulster county and 
likewise in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 

Of the descendants of the Patentees who made their home 
in New Paltz and vicinity we have given an account in the 


History of New Paltz and its Old Families. Of those in more 
distant parts of the county and in Dutchess, Orange and 
Albany counties and on Staten Island some information has 
been given; of the grandchildren of Louis DuBois who set- 
tled in New Jersey and in Pennsylvania and of some of the 
number who located in nearer places much remains to be told. 
First taking up the sons of the Patentees who remained 
in the county, whose history we have not before related, 
we begin with the youngest son of Louis DuBois the 

Still in possession of the family 


Matthew, youngest son of Louis DuBois, was born at New 
Paltz in 1679. His brothers and sister were all born before 
their parents came here. Matthew's descendants have there- 
fore a special right to be reckoned among the " Old Families 
of New Paltz." 

Matthew returned to Kingston with his father and mother 
when he was a lad seven years old and he lived there ever 
afterwards. His father died in 1696 when Matthew was sev- 
enteen years of age. In 1695 shortly before his death his 



father sold to Matthew a house and lot at Kingston and 
one-half of a certain tract in Hurley then in possession of 
Matthew's brother Jacob. By the provisions of the sale he 
was to come into possession of the property at Kingston 
after the death of his father and mother and after he became 
twenty-one years of age. Matthew's name appears as one 
of the village trustees in 1725 and as a freeholder in 1728. 
Before he was nineteen years old he married Sarah, daughter 
of Mattys Mattyson. They had eight sons and three daugh- 
ters. The sons were Louis, born in 1697; Matthew, born 
in 1698; Hiskiah (Hezekiah), born in 1701; Ephraim, born 
in 1703; Johannes, born in 1706; Jesse, born in 1709; Gideon, 
born in 1719; Jeremiah, born in 1721. 

Matthew retained his father's homestead at Kingston only 
till 1731, when he sold it to Matthew E. Thompson. Over 
a century afterwards Elijah DuBois, a great-great-grandson, 
purchased the property. 

Matthew's son Hiskiah married Anna Pierson and in 1722 
located in Saugerties. He had a large family of children. 
In 1761 he owned two houses in what is now Saugerties 
village. In 1775 his name and that of his son Hiskiah, Jr., 
appear among the signers of the Articles of Association. 

Of Matthew's son Johannes who remained in Kingston, 
we shall speak hereafter. 

Little has been known about the remaining six sons of 
Matthew except their names on the baptismal record of the 
church book at Kingston, but it has been satisfactorily shown 
of late that they did not perish from the earth in infancy or 
childhood but appear in vigorous manhood in Dutchess 
county in Poughkeepsie and vicinity, where their names 
appear on church and civil records and where their father 
. purchased land to the extent of at least 2,000 acres about 1730. 


The descendants of Jacques DuBois through his son 
Pierre, who settled in vicinity of Fishkill have taken gf eat 
interest in their family history, but the descendants of his 
cousin Matthew, through these six sons who located in 
Poughkeepsie and its neighborhood, have not been traced 
down farther than about the time of the Revolution. We 
give what little we can gather of their history under the title 
" New Paltz Huguenots in Poughkeepsie before the Revo- 
lution." We learn this one additional fact from Mr. E. M. 
Ruttenber that there was a Capt. Matthew DuBois, Jr., born 
in 1724 (whom we suppose to be son of Matthew of Pough- 
keepsie and grandson of Matthew of Kingston), who was 
engaged in commercial business at New Windsor during the 
Revolutionary period, lived in Little Britain after -the war and 
left a large family. 

Matthew's son Johannes was the only one who remained 
in the vicinity of Kingston. He married Rebecca Tappan 
in 1728. They lived at the Twalf skill (Wilbur) where their 
descendants for generations were in the milling business. 
Johannes' name appears in the list of freeholders in Kingston 
in 1728; also in the list of foot soldiers in the corporation 
of Kingston in 1748, together with those of Nathan DuBois 
(son of Jacques, Jr.), and Isaac (son of Jacob of Hurley), 
those being the only DuBoises on the list. We find the 
name of Johannes in the list of slaveholders in 1755; also 
as one of the trustees of Kingston Academy when it was 
organized in 1774, as one of the trustees of the village of 
Kingston almost continuously from 1761 to 1774; also among 
the signers of the Articles of Association in 1775, together 
with his two sons, Joshua and Jeremiah, who are the only 
sons of whom we have any record. Both of these sons were 
men of prominence in the Revolutionary period. Joshua, who 


was born in 1745, married Catharine Schepmoes, by whom 
he had one son Joshua, Jr. After her death he married 
Margaret Masten, by whom he had a son Charles and 
daughter Ann. Joshua's home was at the corner of Wall 
and James street. His name appears as a soldier of the 
Revolution. He died at the age of seventy-seven. Joshua's 
son Charles, who was born in 1785, married Catharine Hen- 
dricks. Their son Elijah was for a long time president of 
the State of New York bank. Charles V. and Louis A. of 
Kingston are sons of Elijah. 

Jeremiah, son of Johannes and grandson of Matthew Du- 
Bois, was born in 1748. He lived at the old home on the 
Twalfskill, where there was a mill used for carding wool and 
making cloth. His name appears as one of the trustees of 
the corporation of Kingston almost continuously from 1789 
to 1800. His wife was Catharine Marten. They had one 
daughter Maritje and one son John Jeremiah, born in 1773. 
who also lived at the old house on the Twalfskill. Peter J. 
DuBois, who was a son of John Jeremiah, was born in this 
house in 1807 and was, half a century ago, one of the most 
prominent citizens of Kingston, being interested likewise in 
coal mines in Pennsylvania and different manufacturing en- 
terprises. Lemuel DuBois of Ellenville is a son of John 
Gosman DuBois and grandson of Peter J. 

This ends our account of the family of Matthew, youngest 
son of Louis DuBois, the New Paltz Patentee. 


David DuBois was the fourth son of Louis the New Paltz 
Patentee. He was born at Hurley, March 16, 1667, mar- 
ried Cornelia Vernooy in 1689 and settled in Rochester. 
David left but one son and two daughters that married. 


The name of David DuBois appears as lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Vernooy's company for Rochester and Wawarsing in 
1715. He was supervisor of the town of Rochester from 
1717 to 1728. David DuBois and wife had one son, Josa- 
phat, born in 1706, and two daughters: Catryn who married 
William Kool, and Anna, born in 1703, who married Jacob 

David's only son Josaphat married Tjatje Van Keuren in 
1730. On the Kingston church records we find set down the 
birth of two daughters but no son. The daughters were 
Maria, born in 1735 and Catrina, born in 1739. The name 
of Josaphat DuBois appears in the Rochester company in 



Jacob DuBois, born in 1661, third son of Louis the Pat- 
entee, has a very large number of descendants, some of whom 
have risen to prominence in various parts of the country. 
Jacob located on land of his father in Hurley. In 1689 he 
married Gitty Gerritson, daughter of Gerrit Cornelissen, who 
was the son of Cornelius Van Neiwkirk. Jacob DuBois and 
his brother Solomon were first of the sons of New Paltz 
Patentees to marry Dutch wives and their wives were sisters. 

Jacob spent all his long life on the farm at Hurley and 
died in 1745 aged eighty-four years. Jacob's name appears 
as a member of the Hurley company in 1715 and as one of 
the town trustees in 1719. Jacob and his wife had nine chil- 
dren who grew to maturity and married. These were Mag- 
dalena, who married Gerrit Rosa; Barent, born in 1693, who 
married his double cousin Jacomyntje, daughter of his uncle 
Solomon DuBois; Louis, born in 1695, who married Jane 
Van Vliet and afterwards Margaret Jansen ; Grietje, who mar- 
ried Cornelius Xewkirk; Isaac, born in 1702, who married 


Nealtje Rosa and afterwards Janetje Rosa; Catrina, who mar- 
ried Petrus Smedes; Rebecca, who married Petrus Bogardus; 
Gerrit, born in 1704, who married Margaret Elmendorf; Jo- 
hannes, born in 1710, who married Judith Wynkoop; Sarah, 
who married Conrad Elmendorf. 

Of the five sons of Jacob DuBois whom we have men- 
tioned, the two eldest Barent and Louis went to Pittsgrove, 
Salem county, in southwestern New Jersey, where their father 
had bought land for them and where the DuBois family 
increased and flourished greatly. Their brother Isaac had 
his home near Kingston. Gerrit went with his elder brothers 
to New Jersey but after his father's death returned to the 
farm at Hurley. Jacob's youngest son Johannes remained 
at Hurley. 

Jacob's son Isaac, as we have said, lived near Kingston. 
His name appears as one of the foot soldiers in the corpora- 
tion of Kingston in 1738. He had a mill at Greenkill in the 
town of Hurley in 1751. Isaac and his wife had three sons: 
Jacob, born in 1733; Johannes, born in 1746 and Petrus, born 
in 1753. We know nothing about the two younger sons 
except that the name of Johannes appears signed to the 
Articles of Association at Kingston. Jacob, the eldest son 
of Isaac, bought a tract of land in 1757 lying on both sides 
of the Wallkill at Tuthill and including the island in the 
stream. He left two sons, Isaac and Jacob. The former 
took the land on the west side of the Wallkill and Jacob took 
the land on the east side including the island at Tuthill, 
Jacob's house was built where Gardiner village now is. He 
has a number of descendants in the New Hurley neighbor- 
hood. The late Hon. Jacob LeFevre, whose mother was a 
daughter of this Jacob DuBois of Gardiner, had among his 
old papers a deed on parchment dated in 1757, showing that 


Jacob DuBois of the corporation of Kingston had purchased 
the tract of 250 acres with buildings of Jacob Rutzen and 
others, paying for the property 250 cash. The name of 
Jacob DuBois appears as one of the signers of the Articles 
of Association in 1775. 

Gerrit, son of Jacob of Hurley, married Margaret Elmen- 
dorf. After his father's death he returned to Hurley. He 
had two sons, Conrad and Tobias. Conrad's name appears 
in the Articles of Association as a resident of Marbletown. 
The family of Conrad has spread into Ohio, Michigan and 
Missouri. He and his bfother Tobias each had nine chil- 
dren. The children of Tobias located in different counties 
in this state. The name of Tobias DuBois appears as first 
lieutenant in a Marbletown company in 1778. 

We come now to Johannes (in English John) who was the 
youngest son of Jacob of Hurley and the only one to remain 
permanently in that town. He married Judith Wynkoop in 
1736. They had five sons and two daughters. Four of the 
sons located in Hurley and were the only great grandsons 
of Louis the Patentee who lived at Hurley. The sons of 
Johannes DuBois and his wife Judith Wynkoop were Jacob, 
Cornelius, Petrus, Abraham and John. They had also two 
daughters. The names of Johannes and his eldest son 
Jacob are signed to the Articles of Association in 1775. The 
names of Johannes and all his sons except Abraham appear 
on a road list of the town of Hurley for 1781, showing that 
they were residents of the town at that time. In the old 
graveyard at Hurley the tombstone of Cornelius DuBois 
states that he died in 1829 aged eighty-six years, thus show- 
ing that he was born in 1743. His son Derrick of Hurley 
was sheriff in 1828. 

This ends our account of the descendants of the New Paltz 
Patentees in Ulster county. 



Three of the grandchildren of Louis DuBois the New Paltz 
Patentee Abraham (son of Abraham) and Barent and Louis 
(sons of Jacob) went to New Jersey. 

We have said that Barent and Louis, the two eldest sons 
of Jacob DuBois of Hurley, emigrated to west New Jersey. 
We have some information concerning this branch of the 
DuBois family from the " Record of the Family of Louis 
DuBois " published in 1860 by Robert Patterson DuBois 
of New London, Penn., and William Ewing DuBois of 

From their account we condense the following sketch: 

Early in the eighteenth century the farmers of Esopus had 
information of very good lands for sale in the southern part 
of what was then and still is called West Jersey. Very soon 
after crossing Oldman's Creek, which is the northern bound- 
ary of Salem county we suddenly leave the scrubby pine 
forest and the sandy waste and come upon a tract where the 
large timber is firmly rooted in a clay soil, giving indications 
of a country well suited to agriculture. In this region in 
1714 Jacob DuBois of Hurley, Sarah DuBois, Isaac Van 
Meter and John Van Meter purchased a tract of 3,000 acres 
of Daniel Cox of Burlington, N. J. Two years later Jacob 
received title for i ,200 acres of this tract from the other three. 
On this land the brothers Barent and Louis settled, no doubt 
soon after their respective marriages, that of Barent occurring 
in 1715 and that of his brother Louis in 1720. Barent car- 
ried with him to his new home his certificate of membership 
in the church at Kingston, dated in 1716, written in Dutch 
and signed by Petrus Vas, minister. In 1733 Jacob deeded 
the land to his sons Barent and Louis, who had settled on it 
a number of years before. The deed from Jacob to Barent 


mentions as a consideration the " love and good will which 
he beareth to his son and likewise a certain sum of iiio, 
current and lawful money of New York." Barent had eight 
children of whom seven were sons: Jacob, Solomon, David, 
Jonathan, Isaac, Gerrit and Abraham. Of these sons Jacob, 
born in 1719, became a captain in the time of the Revolu- 
tionary War; Jonathan became a minister of the gospel, 
locating at Northampton, Bucks Co., Pa. He was one of 
the first trustees of Queens (now Rutgers) college at New 
Brunswick, N. J. His eldest son Abraham was a captain 
of cavalry in the Revolutionary War. Jonathan DuBois has 
a numerous posterity in Bucks county, Penn., while there is 
a numerous tribe descended from his brothers in West New 
Jersey even to the present day. Barent's son Abraham, born 
in 1738, became a silversmith in Philadelphia. 

Barent DuBois' brother Louis, who also went from Hurley 
to Pittsgrove, N. J. and located on a portion of the same 
tract made other purchases until his total landed estate 
amounted to about 1,100 acres. The house built by Louis 
in 1725, remained standing until about 1860. In 1742 Louis 
DuBois sold two acres at Pittsgrove as a church lot and he 
and his wife were among the first members of the Presby- 
terian church at that place then organized. He died in 1784. 
Louis and his wife Margaret Jansen had eleven children of 
whom eight were sons: Jacob, Matthew, John, Cornelius, 
Peter, Joseph, Benjamin and Samuel. The son Benjamin, 
born in 1739, became a minister of the gospel and had charge 
of the churches at Freehold and Middletown, in Monmouth 
county, N. J., for a period of sixty-three years, though he 
had a helper in his old age. His pastorate extended over 
the stormy period of the Revolutionary War and the strife 
between the Coetus and Conferentia factions in the church. 



He is believed to have been educated in Poughkeepsie. He 
became pastor of the churches mentioned in 1764 and his 
pastorate ended with his death in 1827 at the age of eighty- 
eight. In the Revolutionary struggle his patriotism was so 
ardent that he could not content himself with advocating the 
American cause in his sermons and prayers but would some- 
times shoulder his musket and knapsack and join the ranks 
to the great disgust of the tories and British soldiers. His 
wife Phebe Denise lived to be ninety-six years of age and 
died in 1839. They had ten children, five of whom emigrated 
to Franklin, O., on the Big Miami, accompanied by a num- 
ber of Jersey people. A Presbyterian church was soon 
organized. The place was known as the Jersey settlement. 
A DuBois family picnic is held regularly in the vicinity. Rev. 
Benjamin DuBois' daughter Sophia was grandmother of the 
late Garret A. Hobart, Vice-President of the United States. 
This and other information concerning the DuBoises in Ohio 
we had in 1897 from Tunis V. DuBois of Xenia in that state, 
a great-grandson of Rev. Benjamin DuBois of New Jersey. 


Abraham (2) son of Abraham the Patentee, 1685 to 1758, 
married Marie LaSiliere, 1717. They were members of a 
considerable party who emigrated from the Paltz to Salem 
and other counties of the state of New Jersey. They finally 
settled in Somerset county at or near Neshanic. They were 
well to do and acquired a considerable land interest in Salem 
and Somerset counties. Their children were: Francoise, b 
1718; Margaret, b 1720; Marie, b 1721; Catrene, b 1723; 
Abraham (3) 1725 1793, married Jannette Van Dyke, 1747; 
Nicola (son) b 1732; Rebeka, b 1734. 


Children of Abraham (3) and Janette Van Dyke, Somer- 
set county, N. J., were: Margaret, b 1749; Abraham (4) 1751 
1807, m first Elizabeth Cheesman, second Mary Heberton; 
Nicholas (2) b 1753, m Anna Mount; Dominicus, b 1756, 
m first Marie Pettinger, second- Elizabeth Scudder, 1793; Mary 
m Abraham Tyson; Catrine, b 1760, m John Baird. 

Children of Abraham (4) and Elizabeth Cheesman, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., were: Samuel, 1778-1801, drowned in Charleston 
harbor; Abraham, 1780-1825, never married; Nicholas, 1783- 
1819, married Agnes McKim, 1808, removed to Springfield, 
111., from Baltimore, Md.; Jane, 1788-1827, m Charles Cal- 
vert Edgerton; Mary, 1789-1798, d at Williamsport, Md.; 
Edmund C, b 1793, married , descendants in Balti- 
more, Md. ; James S., 1795-1859, never married; George H., 
1805-1851, m Margaret , buried in old French ceme- 
tery, New Orleans; Elizabeth, 1807-1835. 

Children of Dominicus were: Abraham (5) 1780-1865, mar- 
ried Juliet Bowes, b Edinburgh, Scotland, 1784; Jane, 1810- 
1863, m first Henry Niven, second Franklin Lusk. 

Children of Abraham (5) and Juliet Bowes, Great Bend, 
Pa., were: Joseph, b 1812, m Emroy Taylor; Catharine, b 
1814, m Rev. Jas. B. McCreary pastor for thirty years of the 
Presbyterian church at Great Bend, Pa., which was built 
by Abraham DuBois and John McKinney; Elizabeth, b 1816, 
m Francis P. Catlin; Lydia Jane, b 1821, m Dr. James 
Brooks; Nicholas, b 1823, m Louisa Griffin; William, killed 
1855 at Virgin Bay, Nicaragua, on return from California; 
Fanny, m Hon. Simeon B. Chase; Juliet, m Robert E. Cur- 
tis; James C., m Emma Brundage. 

Abraham (3) and son Dominicus or Mina (the name 
adopted by the latter, because he so much disliked that cf 
Dominicus) both served in the Revolutionary War in the 


state troops of New Jersey, Abraham as Captain and Dom- 
inicus as Sergeant. There were several other DuBoises who 
were in the service of the country from this state during 
that period. 

Abraham (4) son of Abraham' (3) learned the jewelers' trade 
and established himself in Philadelphia in 1772, became an 
expert designer and engraver and is credited with having 
made the design of one of the first of the experimental coin- 
ages of the United States in 1783, known as the " Nova 
Constellation." Four of these coins, a ten cent, twenty-five 
cent, half dollar and dollar, formerly the property of John 
Jacob Thompson, were sold a short time since at the sale 
of the Parmlee collection in New York City for the sum of 
$1,375. Abraham (4) was of more than the ordinary ability. 
He engaged in a large export trade in the products of the 
West Indies to the several ports of the Netherlands. He 
owned or controlled a number of vessels engaged in this 
trade. An inventory of his estate shows the faith he had 
in the future of the New Republic. Among the items are 
the following: 

House No. 65 S. 2nd street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Twenty-one tracts of land Luzerne county, Penn., 8,400 

Four tracts of land Centre country, Penn., 1,600 acres. 

Thirty-six tracts Northumberland county, Penn. Township, 
14,600 acres. 

In Harrison county, Virginia, 10,000 acres. 

In Lincoln country, Kentucky, 10,000 acres. 

In Fayette county, Kentucky, 10,000 acres. 

In Roberon county, North Carolina, 115,000 acres. 

In Montgomery county, Georgia, 219,000 acres. 


This followed a long list of personal and other property. 
It afterwards appears that much of the landed property was 
lost to the heirs through the large depreciation of the Con- 
tinental currency. 

Nicholas (2) was a judge of the courts of New Jersey for 
a period of eighteen years. 

Dominicus was agent for his brother Abraham of Philadel- 
phia in the purchase of land in Luzerne county, Penn., and 
settled at Great Bend, Susquehanna county, where he died 
in 1824. 

He was active in all enterprises looking to the interest and 
advancement of Great Bend. In company with John Mc- 
Kinney he built on the picturesque site of the present Pres- 
byterian church the first church erected there, and was always 
one of its most earnest supporters. 

Abraham (5) son of Dominicus, who married Juliet Bowes, 
owned and cultivated a large tract of land at Great Bend, 
covering a great part of this township, besides owning and 
operating a lumber mill still in the possession of the family. 
He had a large family and died in 1865. 

Joseph, the eldest son of Abraham (5) held many positions 
of trust in his native town, Great Bend, now Hallstead, Penn. 
He left a family of nine children: Richard, Ellen, Juliet, Har- 
riet, James, William, Frances, Addison and Abraham. Rich- 
ard is a captain in the regular army. He has long resided 
in Washington, D. C. Harriet married Commander Geo. M. 
Bache, U. S. Navy. James has been U. S. consul at Man- 
heim and Consul- General at Switzerland. 

Nicholas DuBois, son of Abraham (5) became a civil en- 
gineer and was employed in building the Erie railroad; after- 
wards was in Oregon and in 1859 located in Washington, 


D. C. His children were: Elizabeth, Charles, Carrie and 


Benjamin DuBois, son of Solomon, son of Louis the Pat- 
entee, married in 1721, Catharine Suylant of Hurley. About 
1727 he moved from his father's home at Poughwoughtenonk 
in the town of New Paltz to Catskill, in what was then 
Albany county, now Greene county. He settled on a tract 
of 900 acres, purchased in 1720 by his father, Solomon, of 
Alexander McDowell, for which he paid ^305, lying on the 
south side of Catskill creek. In 1728 Benjamin purchased 
of Gysbert Lane and wife a tract of land at the Point for 
350. In the will of Benjamin DuBois, which was proved 
in 1767, he mentions his sons, Huybartus, [Lieut.-Col.] 
Cornelius and Isaac and speaks of his grandson Benjamin, 
son of his deceased eldest son, Solomon. He also mentions 
his two daughters, Tryntje and Sarah, widow of Christian 

Benjamin's son Solomon, who was born in 1724, was a 
blacksmith by trade. He married Margaret Sammons. Their 
son Benjamin, born in 1752, married Catharine Salisbury. 

Huybartus, son of Benjamin, the first of the name at 
Catskill, was born in 1725, before the removal of his father's 
family from Poughwoughtenonk. He married Cornelia Hal- 
lenbeck of Coxsackie. During a great portion of his life 
he occupied the homestead of his father, Benjamin, where 
he died in 1809. He left several daughters and two sons, 
Benjamin and John, the former of whom did not marry. 

Lieut.-Colonel Cornelius DuBois was born in 1727, about 
the time of the removal of his father's family from Pough- 
woughtenonk to Catskill. In the Revolutionary War he was 
a captain and afterwards a lieutenant-colonel and commanded 


the nth Regiment of Levies. He was in active service as 
captain before being commissioned as lieutenant-colonel. The 
record says that Captain DuBois of Catskill erected a block- 
house half a mile east of Cobleskill village in Schoharie 
county and that he was for some time in command of this 
fort. In the campaign against the Indians and Sir John 
Johnson in 1779 Lieut.-Colonel Cornelius DuBois took an 
important part. Rev. Dr. Anson DuBois states that his 
grandfather Joel DuBois, then a boy of about seventeen, was 
among the state levies under Captain Hoteling in the cam- 
paign against Sir John Johnson, in the regiment recruited 
about Catskill and the Great Emboght and commanded by 
Colonel Cornelius DuBois. Rev. Dr. Anson DuBois adds: 
" The services of Barent DuBois, a son of Col. Cornelius, 
as a scout and ranger during most of the Revolutionary war, 
are full of the most romantic interest. He was an intimate 
associate of Timothy Murphy, the Schoharie Indian Killer, 
and knew every Indian path and secret cover from the Can- 
ada border to the Great Bend of the Susquehanna. The 
writer remembers him well and many an amusing or kindly 
tradition of Capt. Barent DuBois still lingers about his old 
home in Catskill." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Cornelius' wife was Catharine Vander- 
poel of Kinderhook, whom he married in 1751. Their sons 
(besides Captain Barent) were Benjamin, Lowrens and Abra- 
ham and there were several daughters. 

We will now go back to Isaac DuBois, youngest son of 
Benjamin, who was born in 1731, after the removal of the 
family from New Paltz to Catskill. He married Lena Sam- 
mons of Shawangunk. He resided at Catskill Point on the 
place previously occupied by his brother Huybartus. Here 
he lived thirty-five years, until his death in 1793. He had 


two sons, John and Joel and two daughters. The eldest 
son, John, occupied the place for forty-six years, until his 
death in 1841, when it passed into the possession of Joel 
DuBois, his son, who owned it until 1859, when it passed 
out of the possession of the family, which had owned it for 
131 years. The information in this sketch is from Rev. Dr. 
Anson DuBois, partly derived from correspondence and 
partly from information found in his history of the Catskill 
DuBoises, which was published shortly after the DuBois 
Reunion at New Paltz in 1875. 


There was another Louis DuBois in this country shortly 
after the New Paltz Patentees located here and this other 
Louis DuBois left a line of descendants on Staten Island, 
though this does not interfere with the evidence that Louis 
Jr., son of the Paltz Patentee, had a son Louis who settled 
on Staten Island, likewise. 

In the calendar in English of New York Historical memo- 
randa which we find in the Poughkeepsie library, it appears 
that in 1690 Peter Cavalier, Adolphus Hardenbrook, Louis 
DuBois and one or two others made a formal complaint 
that they had been deprived of their share of the prizes 
taken in this Canada expedition which was the first under- 
taken. This Louis DuBois is not the New Paltz Patentee 
for he was much too old for such work, nor was it his son 
Louis for he was a lad only thirteen years of age. Next we 
find in the record in the old French church in New York 
City recorded in French the marriage of Louis DuBois and 
Hester Graset in 1694; then in the enrollment of militia in 
Staten Island in 1715 appear the names of Louis DuBois, 
sen. and Louis DuBois, Jr. ; then in the records of the Dutch 


church on Staten Island it appears that Louis DuBois and 
his wife Catharine Van Brunt had a son baptized in 1744; 
next we find in the records of wills in New York City that 
of Louis DuBois made in 1711 and probated in 1744 in which 
he speaks of himself as a resident of Staten Island, appoints 
his wife Katrina (in English Catharine), as one of the execu- 
tors, gives to his eldest son Louis, his smithy and nothing 
more, gives to his sons John and Augustus the plantation 
where he resides, gives to his son Samuel his plantation on 
the south side, which he bought of Daniel Stilwell, and gives 
certain legacies to his daughters Martha, Esther, Mary and 
Marguarite. In the records of the Episcopal church on 
Staten Island we find the baptism of several children, evi- 
dently of this line of DuBoises. 

There is also on Staten Island records a considerable 
amount of information concerning the family of Louis Du- 
Bois, son of Louis, Jr., of New Paltz and grandson of Louis 
the New Paltz Patentee, who went from New Paltz to Staten 
Island, married Charity Andervelt about 1743, located at 
Richmond, near the center of the island and had a family 
of five sons and two daughters one of whom Mathias, emi- 
grated to Broome county and located in the town of Union. 

This Mathias married Catharine Carshan and afterwards 
Mary Marshall, before removing to Broome county about 
1793. By his first wife he had one daughter Mary, and four 
sons Lewis, Daniel, Mathias and John. The last named born 
in 1777, married Lucy Crocker. They located in Owego, 
N. Y., near the mouth of Owego creek. John DuBois en- 
gaged in lumbering as well as farming. His children were: 
Ezekiel, John, Jr. (the lumber king), David, Pamelia, Abel, 
Angeline, Matthias, Orrin, George M., Joseph, Mary. John 
DuBois, Jr., carried on the lumber business on a very large 


scale and was likewise a bridge builder. He left a fortune of 
several millions of dollars. 


New Paltz people were not among the very earliest set- 
tlers in Poughkeepsie. The first tax list for the middle dis- 
trict in Dutchess, which comprised Poughkeepsie and its 
immediate vicinity, was made in 1718 and contains the names 
of thirty-three persons, not one of them a New Paltz man, 
though Pierre (Peter) DuBois, son of Jacques, had gone 
from Kingston to Fishkill a dozen years earlier and was an 
elder in the church at Fishkill, when it was organized in 

However, though there were no New Paltz people in 
Poughkeepsie when the first tax list was made in 1718, 
there were three grandsons and one great-grandson of Hugo 
Freer the Patentee, who went from New Paltz and located 
in that place in the next generation; while six grandsons of 
Louis DuBois the Patentee, went from Kingston to the same 
place in the same period. Besides there was a son of Hugo 
Freer the Patentee, who went to Rhinebeck about 1720. 

The records of the Dutchess county clerk's office show that 
in 1723 Abraham Freer of Dutchess county purchased of 
Henry Beekman sixty-seven acres of land " joining the land 
of his father" Abraham Freer senior, on the King's Road 
and fifteen years later the former and wife Johanna (Louis) 
sold this identical sixty-seven acres " lying at Rhinebeck " 
to Matthew Earnest of Rhinebeck for 190. These records 
show that Abraham Freer junior and his father both owned 
land at Rhinebeck in 1723. 

In the Dutchess county tax list for 1723 Abraham Freer 
is assessed for $5 and Abraham Freer junior for 8. Peter 


DuBois of Fishkill is rated at 25. The next year, in addi- 
tion to the names mentioned we find that of Hugo Freer, 
oldest son of Abraham Freer senior, who married Marietjen 
Dewitt. Hugo joined the church at Rhinebeck in 1742 and 
probably lived and died there. Some of his children were 
baptized at Rhinebeck, some at Kingston and some at New 

[His son Johannes (John) lived in Rhinebeck and married 
Catharine Caruryck. They had children: Peter, baptized at 
Rhinebeck in 1758; Henry, born at Claverack; Johannes in 
Albany; Hendrick in Schagitoke. The eldest son Peter, who 
was baptized at Rhinebeck in 1758, married Rachel Davenport 
and located at Troy, N. Y., where he died in 1730. His son 
Henry Davenport Frear lived in Troy. James A. Frear, secre- 
tary of state of Wisconsin is a grandson of Henry Davenport 
Frear of Troy, N. Y.] 

This Hugo or (Hugo Ab. as the name sometimes appears) 
had four brothers: Abraham junior, Solomon, William and 
Philip. Each of these located at a different place; thus the 
Freer family scattered widely at an early date. Abraham 
junior married Janitje DeGraff and as his second wife 
Johanna Louis and moved to Poughkeepsie; Solomon mar- 
ried Claritje Westvaal and located at Minisink; William mar- 
ried Maryanetta Van Coykendall and we find him at Pough- 
keepsie, his name being signed to a call sent to Holland 
for a minister in 1744. 

His sons were Benjamin, Jacob and Abraham. The last 
named, who was born in 1744, lived for a time in " Sopus " 
(as Kingston and vicinity were called in those days) but in 
1778 moved to the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. He 
left three children and thirty-six grandchildren. His son 
William was a minister of the Baptist church and likewise his 
grandson Geo Frear, D. D. 


Philip, son of Abraham Freer, married Catharine Scharf 
and lived at Claverack. 

In 1727 the name of Abraham Freer appears as collector 
in the North Ward, that is the Rhinebeck district, and the 
receipt with his signature appears in the book. It is written 
in Dutch and is one of the very few papers in that language 
in the Dutchess county records. 

Abraham Freer senior, son of Hugo the Patentee, doubt- 
less ended his days at Rhinebeck. 

We have noted in previous pages that Abraham senior, 
who was the second son of Hugo the Patentee, and was living 
near the present location of the Bontecoe school house, not 
very far from the north bounds of the Paltz patent in 1705, 
sold his pews in the church here in 1723 and probably moved 
somewhere, as his name does not appear on the list of free- 
holders in 1728. From these Dutchess county records there 
can be no doubt that he moved from Bontecoe to Rhinebeck 
in 1723 or before that date, with his family. He was the 
first son of a Patentee to locate outside of Ulster county and 
he was the only son of a Patentee who ever lived outside of 
Ulster county except Benjamin, son of Abraham Hasbrouck 
who, at a later date, also moved to Dutchess county and 
Abraham DuBois, son of the Patentee of the same name, 
who went to New Jersey. 

Abraham Freer senior, who certainly was the first to move 
from New Paltz to Dutchess county, had a nephew Simon, 
son of Hugo, senior and grand-nephew Peter son of Jonas 
who moved from New Paltz to Poughkeepsie. The mar- 
riage of the last named is the first recorded on the church 
book at that place. It is dated in 1746 and states that Peter 
Freer, born at New Paltz was married to Cornelia Ostrom, 
both then living at Poughkeepsie. [The record of births in 


Poughkeepsie dates back considerably further, and begins 
in 1718.] 

Abraham Freer junior was one of the first New Paltz men 
to locate in Poughkeepsie, and he quite surely lived at Rhine- 
beck with his father, before going to Poughkeepsie. He was 
the son of Abraham senior and grandson of Hugo the Pat- 
entee. He was born in 1697 and was still living at New Paltz 
in 1720 when he married Janitje DeGraff at Kingston. As 
his second wife he married at Poughkeepsie in 1734 Johanna 
Louis, widow of Peter Van Borne. In 1734 his name appears 
on the Poughkeepsie records as poundmaster. 

On a map of Poughkeepsie of 1770 no Freer name is set 
down except the Abraham Freer farm of 146 acres. 

Abraham Freer's son Johannes (in English John) was born 
in 1739. He married Maria Van Fleet. He resided in 

Now going back to another member of the Freer family 
who early moved from New Paltz to Poughkeepsie we find 
that in the year 1724 Simon Freer " of Ulster county" pur- 
chased of Aert Masten forty-two morgen of land at Poegkeep- 
sling (Poughkeepsie). The price paid was 140. 

The name of this Simon Freer, who was a son of Hugo 
senior, does not appear on the tax roll in Dutchess county 
until in 1729, six years later than those of his uncle Abraham 
senior and his cousin Abraham junior. He was born in 1695 
and married Marytjen Van Bommel at Kingston. He is 
mentioned in the will of his father-in-law Peter Van Bommel 
(Wamboom) in 1732. His name appears as an ensign at 
Poughkeepsie in 1739 and a signer to a call to Holland for 
a minister in 1744. His sons were Simeon (born in 1721), 
Petrus, Johannes [Col. John], Nathan, Jacobus (born in 
1735 and probably Capt. Jacobus) Jeremias. The youngest 
child was baptised at Poughkeepsie; others at Kingston. 


We have additional information concerning two of these 
sons of Simon Freer who moved from New Paltz to Pough- 
keepsie, namely Simeon the eldest and Johannes (John). 

The last named was Col. John Freer, who commanded the 
4th Dutchess Co. regiment of militia in the Revolutionary 
war. Our information of Col. John Freer's family is obtained 
to some extent from Gov. Walter F. Freer of Hawaii who 
is one of his descendants. John Freer's name first appears 
with the title of colonel in 1770. 

The list of enlisted men in this regiment can not now be 
found, but the list of officers has been preserved; also the 
list of land bounty rights for the regiment. Mention of this 
regiment repeatedly appears. At the commencement of the 
war in 1775 Col. Freer was appointed one of the " com- 
mittee of correspondence " to look after the interests of the 
patriot cause. In 1794 his name appears as one of those 
who manumitted their slaves. 

His wife was Mary Van Kleek. They had two sons, 
Simeon J. and Baltus and two daughters: Betsy who married 
Peter Deyo and Maria who married Cornelius Levingston. 
The son Simeon J. (born in 1755), lived in Poughkeepsie, 
married Sarah Van Kleek and after her death Mary Van 
Sickler. The first wife had one son John S. 

The second wife had three sons, James, Samuel and Baltus 
and four daughters, Phebe, Maria, Sally and Eliza C. The 
son Baltus (born in 1794), married Lavina Westervelt. About 
1830 he removed from Poughkeepsie to Ithaca. Their chil- 
dren were Alexander, Louisa, Walter, Rebecca and William. 
Several of the descendants are living at Ithaca. The son 
Walter (D. D.), married Fannie E. Foster and removed to 
Oakland, California, where he is still living. They had three 
sons Hugo P., Walter F. and Philip and two daughters. 


Gov. Frear writes that the information he sends is from his 
grandmother, the wife of Baltus Freer, who removed from 
Poughkeepsie to Ithaca about 1830. 

Simeon, the eldest brother of Col. John Freer resided in 
Freertown. He married Catharine Van Benschoten. Their 
son Elias was a soldier in the Revolution. He married Mary 
Van Kleeck. About 1777 he moved from Poughkeepsie to 
Greenfield in the town of Wawarsing where he bought about 
1,000 acres of land. He has a large number of descendants 
in the town of Wawarsing. Elias' son Moses moved to 
New Paltz about 1830 and for about twenty years occupied 
the old Freer house on Huguenot street, and carried on the 
blacksmithing business in a shop across the way. He then 
moved to Ohio. Subsequently he returned to this town and 
located two miles east of this village where he again started 
in the blacksmithing business and called the place Ohioville, 
in memory of the state where he had lived. This name the 
little village has ever since borne. Moses' son George carried 
on the blacksmithing business in this village for a period of 
about twenty-five years from 1855, at what is now the trolley 

Now we will go back to Poughkeepsie and the Freers who 
resided there. 

In the list of those who signed the Articles of Association 
at Poughkeepsie in 1775 appear the names of John, Jacobus 
(2), Simon and Elias Freer. Among the number who re- 
fused to sign appear the names of Abraham, Abraham, Jr., 
Simon, Jr., and Thomas Freer. Some of those who refused 
to sign changed their mind, afterwards, and cast in their lot 
with the patriot cause. 

There were a large number of Freers in Poughkeepsie in 
the time of the Revolution and in the Land Bounty Rights 


of Col. John Freer's regiment appear the names of Abraham, 
Abraham, Jr., Baltus, Jacobus, John, Nathan, Peter and 
Simon J. Freer. 

Tradition has preserved a story that during the Revolu- 
tionary War Capt. Jacobus Freer was stationed with a com- 
pany of soldiers near the Kail Rock when Gen. Vaughn 
with the British fleet sailed up the Hudson on his way to 
burn Kingston and that from his cover Capt. Freer's men 
fired upon the fleet. The author of the Eagle history thinks 
that most probably this firing was on the return of the fleet 
and states that shots from the ships were also fired, one hav- 
ing struck near the old Vassar brewery and being now pre- 
served at Washington's Headquarters at Newburgh. 

The number of Freers increased in Poughkeepsie. In a 
map of 1798 Freertown is marked down at its present loca- 
tion and people of the name are also set down as living 
farther south on the Post road. 

On a map of 1799, when the village was incorporated, six 
Freer residences are located on the Post road in the southern 
part of the place. The initials of the Freers occupying these 
houses on this map are P. N. I. E. S. and S. S. 

The total population of the place at that time was about 
1,000 and the Freers were apparently much more numerous 
than any other family. 

A part of Poughkeepsie is still called Freertown on account 
of the number of people of that name, living there a century 
ago. Freertown is reached by going down Market street 
and South avenue and it bounds on Livingston street. The 
fine Hinkley residence overlooks Freertown. No people of 
the name have lived there in about half a century. The oldest 
resident of the neighborhood is Mr. Levi Van Kleeck. He 
is about eighty years of age and has resided there about 


sixty-five years. He remembers Jacobus and Lawrence Freer, 
two of the last of the name residing there. Neither of these 
left sons. Lawrence Freer owned some half a dozen houses 
in different parts of Poughkeepsie. The family, which was a 
century ago the most numerous in the place and highly 
respectable did not move away to any great extent. Mr. Van 
Kleeck tells us: They just died out. 


Tn the Dutchess county records we find that in 1730 Mat- 
thew DuBois " of Ulster County " who can be no other than 
Matthew of Kingston the youngest son of Louis the Pat- 
entee, purchased of Andrew Teller 1337 acres of land on 
Wappingers Creek, being a part of the Francis Rombout 
patent. Within the next two years he made additional pur- 
chases of land, amounting in all to about 2,000 acres. 

DuBois names appear on the civil records in Poughkeepsie 
in the following order: 

Matthew DuBois, justice, in 1734; Lewis DuBois, assessor, 
in 1742; Gideon DuBois, in 1754; Joel DuBois, in 1770. 

On a map of 1770 Lewis DuBois is set down as owning 
much land on what is now Academy street and he likewise 
owned land where Vassar college is now located. 

The names of Lewis, Matthew and Gideon DuBois, doubt- 
less the same persons above mentioned, together with those 
of Jeremiah and Ephraim DuBois, are signed to a call from 
Poughkeepsie for a minister to be sent from Holland, in 

These DuBoises, whose names appear in this call are with- 
out doubt sons of Matthew DuBois, the youngest son of 
Louis the New Paltz Patentee, who located in Kingston. 

The names of sons of Matthew above mentioned (together 


with other of his sons who remained in Ulster county) are 
found on the church book at Kingston as being baptized 
there, but in their mature years we find no evidence on the 
Kingston church book, or in military records or elsewhere 
of their continued residence in Ulster county, except that 
the name of Lewis DuBois Jr. (probably the son of Matthew) 
appears as a freeholder at Kingston in 1728 and Ephraim 
DuBois in the list of foot soldiers in 1738, so their removal 
from Kingston to Poughkeepsie must have been at a later 
date. The baptism of this Lewis DuBois took place in 1697; 
those of his brothers at later dates up to 1721, when Jeremiah, 
the youngest, was born. There can be no doubt that Lewis, 
Matthew, Ephraim, Gideon and Jeremiah all went from 
Kingston to Poughkeepsie, when young men, while their 
brother Johannes remained at Kingston and the remaining 
brother Hiskiah (Hezekiah) went to Saugerties. 

There was another brother Jesse whose name likewise 
appears on the church book at Kingston and on the church 
book at Poughkeepsie, so that it would appear that six sons 
of Matthew DuBois of Kingston emigrated to Dutchess 

As to the exact date of the emigration we have no evidence 
and as a considerable portion of the church records at Pough- 
keepsie are lost full information can probably never be 

Rev. Geo. W. DuBois of Essex, N. Y., in his chart pre- 
sented at the DuBois Reunion at New Paltz in 1875, in 
which he gives extended information concerning Peter 
(Pierre) DuBois and his descendants in Fishkill and vicinity, 
gives in addition the names of several DuBoises in Pough- 
keepsie and vicinity in the generation preceding the Revolu- 
tion, as follows: Gideon DuBois and wife Sarah Van Kleeck, 


Matthew and wife Deborah Simpgan, Jeremiah and wife 
Janicke Veile, Jesse and wife Elizabeth. 

He also gives the names of other DuBoises of the same 
period Cornelius, who married Catharine Ferdon and Elias 
who married Mary Van Voorhis. 

In the list of those who signed the Articles of Association 
at Poughkeepsie in 1775 appear the names of Lewis, John, 
Nathaniel, Jeremiah, Matthew and Joel DuBois. 

Among the number who refused to sign appear the names 
of Jeremiah and Peter DuBois, Jr. 

Next to the Freers the DuBoises were the most numerous 
of the people bearing New Paltz names in Poughkeepsie in 
the Revolutionary period. In the list of Land Bounty Rights 
in the Fourth (Col. John Freer's) Regiment appear the names 
of Joel, Elias, Jumia (Jeremiah), Matthew, Peter, Peter, Jr., 
Thomas and Lewis DuBois. 

In the Second Dutchess Regiment which was evidently 
from Fishkill and vicinity appear the names of a number 
of DuBoises, descendants of Pierre, also the name of Jacob 

In the Second Regiment of the line from this state Lewis 
DuBois of Poughkeepsie was a Captain. He must have be- 
longed to the second generation of DuBoises in Pough- 

In the early part of the war Lewis DuBois of Marlborough, 
afterwards Colonel of the 5th Regiment of the Line, was a 
Captain of what was known as the Dutchess company in the 
Third Regiment of the Line. 

On the maps previous to 1800, of which there are four 
given in the History of Poughkeepsie, the name of DuBois 
does not appear except in the one of 1770 in which Lewis 
DuBois is set down as the owner of sixty-nine acres in what 


is now the heart of Poughkeepsie. The other persons bear- 
ing the DuBois name at that period must have lived outside 
the village. 

With the exception of the Freers and DuBoises and a few 
Deyos and one or two Hasbroucks none of the New Paltz 
Huguenot names appear in the early records of Pough- 
keepsie or elsewhere in Dutchess county previous to the 




Jacques DuBois, the brother of Louis the New Paltz Pat- 
entee, went from the family home in the little village of 
Wicres, ten and a half miles southwest of Lille in French 
Flanders to Ley den in Holland, as did their sister Francoise, 
who afterwards married Pierre Ballou and located on Staten 

The line of Louis DuBois the New Paltz Patentee has been 
traced quite thoroughly, but as to the descendants of Jacques 
there always has been much uncertainty, partly through the 
loss of some of the records in Dutchess county. 

Most of the information we have concerning Jacques Du- 
Bois and his descendants is from the researches of Rev. Geo. 
W. DuBois of Essex, N. Y., as embodied in his chart pre- 
sented at the DuBois Reunion at New Paltz in 1875. 

Jacques DuBois was born in 1625, and married at Leyden 
in 1663, eight years after his brother Louis was married at 
Manheim. The records in the town hall at Leyden state 
that April 6, 1663 Jacques DuBois (young man) from near 
La Basse, accompanied by Phillipe DuBois his cousin, was 
betrothed to Pierronne Bentyn (young woman) from near 
Lille and that she was accompanied by her sister Mary 
Bentyn as witness. This was the civil marriage. The re- 
ligious marriage is recorded in the Walloon church at Leyden 
and is as follows: 

" Betrothed April 6, 1663, married April 25, 1663. Jacques 
DuBois j. h. d'aupres La Bassee (young man from near La 


Bassee) and Pierronne Bentyn j. d. aupres de Lille (young 
woman from near Lille)." 

Of the cousin Phillipe DuBois we know nothing further 
except that he was godfather at the baptism of Jacques' 
oldest child, and that he had a brother Albert who was god- 
father at the baptism of a child of Francoise DuBois, who 
married Pierre Ballou. All were from near La Bassee. 
At Manheim is also recorded in 1656 the marriage of Martin 
DuBois and Jeanne du Rieu. Martin DuBois is set down 
as the son of Jean DuBois of Wicres, near La Bassee. 

The Albert DuBois above mentioned is sometimes called 
DuBois and sometimes Van der Bosch in the records at 
Leyden. This was in accordance with the custom of many 
of the French Protestant Refugees who changed their name 
into the language of the country in which they found refuge. 

The baptism of children of Jacques DuBois and Pierronne 
Bentyn are recorded in the Walloon church at Leyden as 
follows: Maria, 1666; Jacques, 1665; Anna, 1669; Jehan, 
1661; Pierre (in English Peter) in 1674. 

In 1675 Jacques and family came to the new world and 
located at Kingston. Another son, Christian, was born after 
the family came to America. 

Jacques left on record a procuration for the sale of his 
house at Leyden and he obtained for himself and wife attests 
of membership in the Walloon church at Leyden. He died 
at Kingston in 1676. His widow married John L. Pietersy 
and in 1677 the latter agreed with Matthew Blanshan to 
carry out a certain contract which his wife's first husband 
had made with Blanshan and also contracted with Blanshan 
for a small loan of money to himself. As security for pay- 
ment of this loan he binds the lands lying at Ryssel in Lille, 
in Flanders, heretofore belonging to Jacques DuBois. 


Jacques' oldest son, Jacques (in English James, in Dutch 
Jacobus), married Susana Legg at Kingston in 1699. The 
children of Jacques (2) and Susana Legg was Sara, Jacobus 
(born in 1701), William (born in 1702), Samuel (born in 
1703), Nathan (born in 1710), Nehimiah (born in 1714). 

The names of Nathan, Samuel and Jacobus, Jr., appear in 
the list of foot soldiers at Kingston in 1738 and these names 
appear likewise on the church records at about that time. 
Nathan married Susana Cool at Kingston in 1733. The 
names of Jacobus, William, Samuel and Jacobus N. (the 
last named being probably a son of Nathan) were among the 
signers of the Articles of Association. 

In the list of Dutchess county soldiers in 1715 there is no 
DuBois mentioned except Peter, who is the only son of 
Jacques (i) of whom we have any extensive information. 

Jean (in English John) son of Jacques (i) joined the 
church at Kingston in 1692. In 1699 his name appears as 
a contributor. But his name does not again appear on the 
church book; neither does that of his brother Jehan. The 
name of their brother Christian only appears after baptism 
as godfather at the baptism of his nephew Jacobus in 1701 
and again at the baptism of his nephew Christian son of Peter 
in 1702. It is quite evident that all three of the brothers, 
Jean, Jehan and Christian died unmarried or moved to some 
distant part of the country. Had they lived anywhere in 
this part of the state and married and had children their 
baptisms would have been recorded on the church book, 
either at Kingston or at New Paltz. 

Peter the fourth son of Jacques (i) is the only one of 
whom we have an extended account of descendants. He 
married at Kingston, Oct. 12, 1697, Janitje Burhans. They 
resided for some time at Kingston and baptisms of children 


are recorded on the church book there as follows: Petronella, 
1698; Johannes, 1699; Jacobus, 1701; Christian, 1702; Jona- 
than, 1706 (married Arientie Osterhout); Peter, 1707. At 
the last named date he removed to Dutchess county. Other 
children were born in Dutchess county as follows: Elizabeth, 
1718; Abraham, Johannes, Helena, Petronella, 1722. The 
last named was baptized at Kingston and Elizabeth at Pough- 
keepsie. The baptisms of the others have not . been found 
recorded. Peter's son Christian is known as Christian senior. 
He married Neeltje Van Vliet and had eight children. Their 
son Christian junior born in 1746, married Helena Van Voor- 
his was an ensign in the Revolutionary War and died in 1807. 

Peter DuBois, who was the first of the name to locate in 
Dutchess county and was the son of Jacques (i) has been 
called the founder of the churches at Fishkill and Pough- 
keepsie, which for a number of years were united in one 
charge and when this church was organized in 1716 Peter 
DuBois' name appears as an elder and he was an officer in 
the church for over twenty years. 

The old stone house built by Peter DuBois in 1710 still 
remains with its massive walls about three and a half miles 
east of Fishkill on the west side of Sprout Creek, which ran 
centrally through his land. The superstructure of the old 
house has been changed, but the walls remain. Peter DuBois 
died at the age of sixty-three years and is buried in the 
churchyard of the Dutch Reformed church at Fishkill. His 
tombstone is still to be seen with an inscription in Dutch, 
a translation of which is as follows : " Here lies the body of 
Peter DuBois, who departed this life the 22d day of January, 
in the year 1737-8, aged 63 years." 

The Dutchess county DuBoises in the vicinity of Fishkill 
are descended from Peter; those who lived in after years in 


Poughkeepsie and vicinity are descended from his cousin 
Matthew of Kingston, youngest son of Louis, the New Paltz 
Patentee. It is impossible to trace them all as the records 
of the church from the time of its organization in 1716 to 
1730 are lost and also the records from 1766 to 1830. The 
early civil records are also deficient on account of the destruc- 
tion of the court house by fire in 1785. 

In New York in the Revolution in the Second Dutchess 
Regiment of Militia, which was evidently from the vicinity 
of Fishkill, appears the name of Christian DuBois, lieutenant 
and the following members of the DuBois family as privates: 
Christian, Cornelius, Gideon, Jacob, Koert, Peter, Teunis, 
Thomas, Jacob T. The name of Christian DuBois also ap- 
pears as lieutenant in the Sixth Dutchess Militia. In the 
list of Land Bounty Rights in the Second Dutchess Militia 
appear the names of the following DuBoises : Christian, Chris- 
tian Jr., Elesa (Elisha), Jacob Jr., John, Peter. 


This sketch of the Oliver family is inserted by the author 
out of consideration for the assistance rendered in the work 
by his wife. The Oliver family always resided in Marble- 
town, not in New Paltz. 

The first Oliver in Ulster county of whom mention is made 
in historical records, is Samuel, who was a sergeant in the 
company of English soldiers, under Capt. Daniel Brodhead, 
stationed at Kingston, when the province of New York was 
captured from the Dutch by the English. He was assigned 
bounty land with others of the company, at Marbletown, in 
1670, but left no descendants in the county and probably did 
not remain here. 


The ancestor of the Oliver family in Ulster county was 
Andrew Oliver, who emigrated with his three brothers from 
county Armagh, in the north of Ireland, about 1738. 

One of the brother settled in Pennsylvania, one (Thomas) 
in Orange county and one in Cuba or South America. 

Andrew Oliver, who located at Marbletown, was a sur- 
veyor and a man of education. He probably built the house, 
still standing on the west side of the highway, a few rods from 
the residence of his great-great-grandson, John Oliver. An- 
drew Oliver's wife was Anna, daughter of Daniel Brodhead, 
of Marbletown. The record of the marriage on the church 
book at Kingston by Dominie Mancius states that it took place 
in 1739 and was performed on presentation of a license from 
Lieut.-Gov. Clark. The births of children are recorded on the 
church book at Kingston as follows: Mary, 1740; Jane, 1743; 
James, 1745; Elizabeth, 1747; Anne, 1750. There was another 
son, Richard, whose baptism is not set down in the Kingston 
church book and must have been performed elsewhere. 

The names of Andrew Oliver and his son Richard appear 
as signers of the Articles of Association. 

For one month after the burning of Kingston by the British 
during the Revolutionary War, the home of Andrew Oliver 
was the place of meeting of the Council of Safety, the meet- 
ings commencing there Oct. I9th, 1777, three days after 
Kingston had been destroyed. The meetings of the Council 
were held in a house since torn down, just north of the 
present residence of John Oliver. 

Andrew Oliver's son Richard settled in Hurley and married 
Catharine Cole. They left no son and but one daughter, 
Maria, who became the wife of Jacobus Hardenbergh. 

Several of Andrew Oliver's daughters married, but the 
Kingston church records only contain the marriage of the 


daughter Mary, who wedded Capt. Charles Brodhead in 1761. 
The marriage of the others must have been recorded elsewhere. 
Anne married Stephen Nottingham ; Elizabeth married Gradus 
Hardenbergh; Jane did not marry. 

Andrew Oliver's death resulted from the kick of a horse. 
His friend, Judge Delemater had called to consult with him 
on some business matter and in stooping down to unloose 
the horse's girth the animal gave him a kick, resulting in 

James, who was born in 1745, studied medicine and became 
very eminent as a physician and surgeon. He was the first 
president of the county medical society, filling the office from 
1806 to 1 809. In 1800 he was county judge. From 1783 to 
1787 and again from 1790 to 1796 he was Supervisor of Mar- 
bletown. In the campaign which resulted in Burgoyne's sur- 
render he served as surgeon. He was a man of impetuous 
temper but kindly spirit and it is related that after the 
wounded in the American army were attended to in the fight 
terminating in Burgoyne's surrender, he tendered his services 
as surgeon to the British wounded; it is also said that in the 
fight he gave up his horse to the colonel, who had in some 
manner lost his and went himself on foot. 

We do not learn that he served in the war, except in the 
campaign against Burgoyne. 

We do not find his name in " New York in the Revolution " 
nor do we find the names of surgeons set down in most of 
the militia regiments in the records contained in that book. 
The incidents we record concerning his war experiences were 
obtained from his grandson, Dr. James Oliver. 

In 1780 Dr. Oliver built the house for a residence where 
his great-grandson, John, now lives. Dr. Oliver's wife was 
Margaret, daughter of Matthew Newkirk of Marbletown. 


They left but one son, Matthew, born in 1780, and one 
daughter, Ann, who became the wife of John Miller of Mont- 
gomery. Dr. Oliver was a man of much skill as a surgeon 
and would ride to Delaware Co. and other places, at a long 
distance in the performance of his professional duties. A story 
is related that a company of Highland Scotch had settled in 
the vicinity (probably in Delaware county), and one of the 
number needed a surgeon's attention, but when Dr. Oliver, 
who was called in, took out his sharp instruments to com- 
mence work, the rough clansmen thought he meditated injury 
to their comrade and drew their swords, but after the opera- 
tion was successfully performed they were extremely grateful. 
It was the custom of those days for young men, who were 
learning medicine, to reside with some old doctor and Dr. 
Richard Elting, of New Paltz (afterward of Rondout), Dr. 
Nathaniel Deyo, of New Paltz (father of Alfred Deyo), Dr. 
Henry Van Hovenberg of Kingston and Dr. Benjamin Bevier 
of Wawarsing resided for a time with him. Besides his busi- 
ness as physician and surgeon Dr. Oliver was an extensive 
owner of real estate. He died in 1826 at the age of eighty- 
one years. 

His only son, Matthew, married Jane, daughter of Cor- 
nelius Elting, of Hurley, who had moved from New Paltz 
to that town. They resided in a stone house since torn down, 
occupying the site where Garret N. Oliver's present residence 

In the War of 1812 he served as paymaster. He was an 
extensive farmer, was for a long period Supervisor of the 
town and was a member of assembly in 1830. He died in 
1865. He left a family of three sons, James, Cornelius and 
Richard and likewise three daughters, named Ann, Esther and 
Margaret, who became the wives, respectively of DuBois Has- 


brouck of Marbletown, Medad T. Morss of Woodbourne and 
Wm. Cole of Hurley. 

James the oldest son became a doctor and for sixty years 
practiced his profession at Marbletown, where he likewise 
cultivated a large farm. His wife was Gitty Cole, daughter 
of Cornelius C. Cole of High Falls. 

Cornelius Oliver son of Matthew, occupied during a long 
lifetime the house built by his grandfather Dr. James Oliver, 
and cultivated the farm which had been so long in the family. 
His wife was Sarah C. Crispell of Hurley. 

Richard, the youngest son, located at Woodbourne, Sullivan 
county. He was twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth 
Jackson of Montgomery, his second wife was Mary Waring. 


They are all descended from Jacobus and Peter, sons of 
Jacobus, son of Christian, son of Pierre the Patentee. Ja- 
cobus, senior, moved to Kingston from New Paltz and his 
widow moved to Dutchess county. The names of these sons 
Jacob and Peter appear on the list of Land Bounty Rights 
of Col. John Frear's Regt., and are the only Deyos there 
found. The following papers in the Theodore Deyo collec- 
tion throw a little uncertain light on the matter: 

" This indenture made this i/j-th day of February in the 
year of our Lord 1786 between Jacobus Deyoe, now of 
Albany Co. and province of New York and Daniel Deyoe 
of Dutchess county and province of New York on the other 
part witnesseth that the said Jacobus Deyoe, for and in 
consideration of the sum of 10 current, lawful money hath 
sold unto the said Daniel Deyoe a tract of land at a place 
called The Paltz and Bonteco west of a certain creek called 
the Black Creek. JAMES [JACOBUS] DEYOE." 


Another document in the Theodore Deyo collection shows 
that in 1789 Michael Deyo, of Beekman, Dutchess county, 
sold to Abraham, Jonathan and Philip Deyo of New Paltz 
for 4 his right and title to several lots of land on the west 
bank of the Hudson River. This document is witnessed by 
Benjamin Deyo. 

We do not know anything about Benjamin, Michael and 
Daniel Deyo who are mentioned in these ancient documents. 
The fact that they owned land in the Paltz Patent is evidence 
that they were of the New Paltz stock. 

Jacobus Deyo, Jr., mentioned on page 261 of History of 
New Paltz and its Old Families as having a son William 
who resided at Ghent, Columbia county, had two other sons, 
Richard and Capt. Peter. The latter resided at Spencertown, 
Columbia county. Capt. Peter had five sons: Aaron, Jacob, 
Richard, Peter and James. William, son of Jacobus Deyo, 
Jr., had also five sons: Israel, Richard, Jonathan, David and 
Martin. Jacob, son of Capt. Peter Deyo, started to go to 
Canada and never returned. He is thought to have been 
killed by Indians. In New York in the Revolution in the 
8th Regiment of Albany County Militia (Albany county then 
included a part of Columbia) appear the names Jacobus 
De Yeae, Jacobus De Yeae, Jr., and Richard De Yeae, and 
in the 7th Albany Militia appears the name of Peter Deyor. 
In the Land Bounty Rights in the Fourth Dutchess County 
Regiment appears the names of Jacob Deyo and Peter 
Deyo, Jr. 

Mrs. A. C. Hayden of Saratoga Springs, N. Y., sends us 
the following information in regard to the family of her 
great-grandfather Peter Deyo: 

On page 260 of the " History of New Paltz and its Old 
Families " it is stated that Jacobus Deyo who moved to 


Kingston and was the son of Christian and grandson of 
Pierre the Patentee, had several daughters and one son 
Jacobus; also a son Peter. This son Peter was born in 
1738 and baptized by Dominie Mancius Oct. 2ist, 1739, as 
shown by the Kingston church records, James Auchmoody 
and Gretje Deyo being sponsors. Peter married Charity 
Maria Cramer in New York in 1765 and died in 1812. He 
and his wife are both buried in the family burying ground 
at Pittstown, Rensselaer county, N. Y. The children of 
Peter Deyo were: Zachariah, James, Peter, Jacob, John, 
Sarah, Jane, Katharine and Charity. The oldest son, Zacha- 
riah Deyo, who was born in Dutchess county, Sept. 24, 1774, 
married Phebe Oakley in 1799. He died in 1826 and is 
buried with his wife at Schroon, N. Y. This couple had 
children as follows: Jacob, William O. (settled in the west), 
Dorcas (married Ephraim Grimes), Charity and Peter. The 
daughter Charity married Jacob Lohmas. Their son Deyo 
Lohmas, born in 1836, was a prominent citizen of Saratoga 
Springs, N. Y. He was an extensive dealer in grain, flour 
and groceries and first introduced Chicago dressed meat in 
this state, erecting wholesale houses at Glens Falls and 
Saratoga Springs. 





The Public School at Nevv Paltz 

The stone building, now owned and occupied as a residence 
by John Drake was the public school building from 1812 to 
1874 a period of 62 years. 

The building is about 33 feet square and the walls of extra- 
ordinary thickness. The stones of which the walls were built 
were from the first stone church torn down in 1773, but though 
the stones were drawn to the lot which had been purchased 
for the site of the school building, they lay there for 40 years 
before the school house was erected. 

There never was any play ground about the building. In 
the old days boys and girls went to school, not for play but for 
study. The only place for out door games or recreation was 
in the street in front of the building. 

All the records of the school are lost. The old clerk's book, 
which extended back nearly or quite a century, was still in 
use not very many years ago, but can not now be found and 
was quite surely destroyed with other records of the public 
and Normal school when the Normal building was burned in 
April, 1906. 

Among the teachers about 1815 were two brothers, Aaron 
and Moses Dewitt. Another teacher at about this period was 
Gilbert Cuthbert Rice, a young Irishman. Dr. John Bogar- 
dus also taught the school for a time. Of other teachers from 
1800 to 1833 we have no information. 

Our first definite knowledge concerning the school and its 
teachers is derived from Jacob Wynkoop, mainly, and dates 
back to 1833. Corodon Norton was then teaching the school 


and continued for a time afterwards, probably two or three 
years. He was perhaps the only Yankee schoolmaster New 
Paltz ever had. Mr. Norton was a native of Massachusetts. 
He continued to reside in the village all his life. He was the 
father of Henry Norton. 

The Academy was built in 1833, while Mr. Norton was 
teaching. The upper story of the public school building had 
been occupied the five preceding years by the Classical School, 
which was the forerunner of the Academy. 

About 1835 Dr. Hart taught the village school and also 
practised medicine with Dr. Jacob Wurts and his son Dr. 
David Wurts, then a young man. 

Aaron Tuthill succeeded Dr. Hart as teacher and then came 
John Hammond, Augustus Rogers, Gilbert DuBois, John 

A notable event about 1856 was the removal to the school- 
house of the old church bell, which had remained in the base- 
ment of the new brick church ever since its erection in 1839. 
John C. Deyo and his brother Aaron overhauled the public 
school building and put in the cupola. This old bell remained 
at the school-house until 1874, when it was taken to the new 
school building, just erected. 

Among the teachers half a century ago were a number of 
able and energetic young men, who afterwards rose to promi- 

Nathan Williams taught the school, about 1850. He was a 
good disciplinarian and a good teacher. He also was the town 
superintendent of schools. In 1864 he was elected county 
clerk. He still resides at Highland. 

Easton Van Wagenen taught the school for a time about 
1852. Later in life he was postmaster in our village and 
carried on the drug store and insurance business. 

APPE N D IX 163 

Shortly after this time Marvin Parrot of Milton taught the 
school. He was afterwards for a long time deputy county 

About 1857 Mathusalem DuBois was the teacher. He was 
afterwards for a long time in the National bank at Ellenville 
and cashier in the Huguenot bank at New Paltz. Edward 
DuBois a brother of Mathusalem, also taught the school for 
a short time and so did Mathusalem Deyo. 

In those days the necessity of enforcing good order was 
perhaps the most important requirement in the teacher and 
vigorous corporal punishment was considered an essential. It 
is related that one of these teachers had a regular schedule 
of the number of lashes to be inflicted for every offense and 
kept a book account against the offender, settling up the ac- 
count, occasionally. Two cuts with the whip was the penalty 
for whispering, two cuts for throwing crumbs of bread and 
other offenses against the rules were punished in a similar 
manner. The whip was procured of the harness maker in the 
village and its application was no joke. Another incident re- 
lated of those stirring times was that a number of the large 
boys had formed a plot to whip the teacher. But he learned 
of the plan and calling on one of the boys to come forward 
dealt him a stinging blow on the face with the flat of his 
hand and then called on the other boys to come on, but none 

The upper story of the school building was used for a term 
of years, ab't 1853-4 as the meeting place of the " Know 
Nothing " Lodge, a political organization that sprung up like 
Jonah's gourd in a night, all over our country and flourished 
for several years. This organization had for its object the 
prohibition of the elective franchise to immigrants, at least 
until they had been 21 years in this country. 


From about 1840 to 1853 there was a " Select School " in 
one of the cottages still standing north of the Reformed 
church. Miss Rebecca Elting was the originator of the " Se- 
lect School." She bought the lot, put up the building and 
charged no rent. The public school was crowded at this time, 
and the " Select School " helped to relieve the congestion. 
Some also, altho not advanced in their studies and quite young 
in years were sent by their parents to the Academy, where 
the advantages for learning were supposed to be better than 
in the district school. The " Select School " was taught for 
quite a long time by Melissa DuBois, who afterwards became 
the wife of Rev. Benjamin Relyea. Afterwards it was in 
charge of Sarah Van Orden, who subsequently was Daniel A. 
Hasbrouck's first wife. 

The public school was taught for a time, about 1860 by 
Miss Antoinette Rowland, who had previously taught else- 
where in the vicinity and is still remembered as a good teacher. 
Corporal punishment did not bear so important a part in her 
day in the discipline of the school as under certain of her 
predecessors. For quite a long time after this nearly all the 
teachers were women. Among the number were Ann Van 
Wagenen, Jane DuBois and Jennie M. Schoonmaker, the last 
named of whom was teacher for a number of years before the 
new school-house was built in 1874 and was principal for 
some time afterward. 


The Classical School was organized in 1828 and was the 
forerunner of the New Paltz Academy, which was started 
six years later. The Classical School held its sessions in the 
upper story of the old stone school house, now the residence 
of Tohn Drake on North Front street. 


A book of eight or ten pages entitled " Records of the 
New Paltz Classical School " has come down among the 
papers of the New Paltz Academy. These records begin 
with the statement that "At a meeting of the citizens of the 
town of New Paltz, which was held at the house of Benjamin 
VanWagenen on the ipth day of April, 1828 a plan for 
establishing a Classical School was adopted." This plan is 
set forth at length in the " Records." It is stated that the 
primary object of the school should be to teach the classics. 
In the admission of students classical ones should have the 
preference, but in case a sufficient number of classical scholars 
could not be obtained English ones should be admitted. 
Tuition for classical scholars was fixed at $25 a year and 
for English scholars $15 a year. A subscription list was 
started at once, the sums subscribed to be paid annually 
for two years for the wages of a teacher. The list is as 
follows : 

Jacob Wurts S6o 

Wm. R. Bogardus 40 

Peter Eltinge 40 

Jacob J. Hasbrouck 30 

Daniel DuBois 25 

Solomon E. Elting 15 

Jacob Elting 15 

Josiah R. Elting 15 

Mary DuBois 15 

John Bogardus 15 

Zachariah Freer 10 

Peter Deyo 10 

Philip Deyo 10 

Daniel A. Deyo 10 

Nathaniel LeFevre 10 


Roelif Hasbrouck 10 

Maurice Hasbrouck 10 

Cornelius D. Hasbrouck 10 

Jonathan J. LeFevre 10 

James Jenkins 5 

Nathan Harlow 5 

James McCullogh 5 

Ezekiel Deyo 5 

Daniel R. Bond 5 

Crines Jenkins 5 

Benjamin Van Wagenen 5 

Elias Ean 5 

Andrew P. LeFevre 4 

In a subsequent subscription list for fitting up the room and 
the purchase of globes are the names of Abm. Pells, Garret 
LeFevre, Joseph Poyer, and J. K. Webb. The board of 
trustees elected was drawn from the list of contributors with 
the addition of Jacob I. Schoonmaker. The next year Wm. 
R. Bogardus was elected president of the board of trustees 
and Benjamin Van Wagenen, secretary. 

The list of contributors is valuable as showing who were 
citizens of New Paltz and vicinity in 1828, having the means 
and inclination to provide opportunities for a classical educa- 
tion for the children. The names of a great portion of the 
subscribers to the list will be recognized by old people as 
the grandfathers of the New Paltz people of to-day. 

Jacob Wurts and John Bogardus were the New Paltz doc- 
tors. Wm. R. Bogardus was the dominie of the Dutch 
church. Most of the others were New Paltz farmers. Jacob 
I. Schoonmaker had a store and blacksmith shop at Liberty- 
ville. Roelif Hasbrouck lived at Springtown. Cornelius D. 
Hasbrouck was a doctor, residing near the present county 


poor house. James Jenkins was a miller at Jenkintown and 
Nathan Harlow a miller at Tuthill. James McCullogh was 
a merchant at Tuthill. Crines Jenkins and Daniel A. Deyo 
were farmers in the present town of Gardiner. Daniel R. 
Bond (father of the late Samuel D. Bond of Highland), 
carried on the wool carding and cloth dressing business at 
Tuthill. Benjamin Van Wagenen attended to legal business, 
such as drawing wills, deeds, etc., in New Paltz. James K. 
Webb was for many years the New Paltz village tailor, living 
on Huguenot street in the house now occupied by Cyrus D. 
Freer. He had a large family of girls. Joseph Poyer (father 
of Benjamin Poyer) lived in the Levi Hasbrouck house (now 
the Memorial House) and cultivated the farm. Abm. Pells 
owned and occupied the farm south of our village, now the 
John Carroll farm. Mary DuBois was the widow of Garret 

The first teacher at the Classical School was T. McClaury. 
Another was named Easton. He married a daughter of 
Josiah DuBois. Rev. Mr. Qua was the last teacher at the 
Classical School and the first teacher at the Academy. 


Our account of the Academy in its early days is drawn 
mainly from the paper read by Mr. Edmund Eltinge at the 
Semi-Centennial celebration in 1883. 

In 1832 the subject of establishing an Academy received 
earnest attention. During that year and the early part of 
1833 subscriptions to the amount of several thousand dollars 
were raised for a suitable building, which stood for a half 
century as the central part of the Academy building. 

The Academy was incorporated by act of the Legislature, 
April 12, 1833. 


The lot which was called " Kill Bogert " or Creek Orchard 
was bought of Daniel DuBois for $322. 

Rev. Douw Van O'Linda, Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Dr. John 
Bogardus, Benj. Van Wagenen, Levi Hasbrouck, Solomon E. 
Elting, Peter Eltinge, Josiah DuBois and Jesse Elting were 
named as trustees. The capital was $2,500. 

Rev. Douw Van O'Linda is given the credit by the old 
people generally as the main mover in the enterprise. 

Peter Eltinge presented the chairs for seats for which he 
received a vote of thanks. It is related likewise that Peter 
Eltinge's oxen trod the clay for the brick, which were manu- 
factured on the premises as was the custom to a great extent 
in those days when brick buildings were erected. 

By an act of the Legislature in 1835 the Academy trus- 
tees were continued in office and empowered to increase the 
capital to $10,000. The first president of the board of trus- 
tees was probably Rev. Douw Van O'Linda, but this can not 
be stated with certainty, as the early records are lost. There 
have been few changes in the trustees or officers, most having 
served long terms. Edmund Eltinge was treasurer from 1834 
to 1878, a period of forty-four years. He was succeeded by 
Philip D. Elting, who served until 1884, when Josiah J. 
Hasbrouck was elected. He served during the strenuous 
period when the money was being raised to rebuild the insti- 
tution after the fire in February, 1884 and still holds the 
office. Dr. David Wurts was secretary for a number of years. 
Roelif Eltinge was secretary for a few years and Solomon 
Deyo filled the office from 1865 till the time of his death, a 
period of thirty-eight years. Derick W. Elting was president 
of the board of trustees from about 1850 to 1865, when Alfred 
Deyo was elected and served until 1881, since which period 
Ralph LeFevre has held the position. 


With this statement of those who have been officers of the 
board of trustees we return to the history of the school. 

Eliphaz Fay succeeded Rev. Mr. Qua as principal of the 
Academy in the spring of 1834 and filled the position for 
seven years ; then, after an interval of three years, while he 
was president of Waterville College in Maine, and Mr. 
Parker principal of the Academy, Mr. Fay returned to New 
Paltz and was for three years more at the head of the 

Never in its subsequent history did the Academy again 
enjoy so great a degree of renown and there were doubtless 
at that time few better schools in the country. George Gif- 
ford of Dutchess county was an assistant instructor during 
a portion of these ten years and Miss Scovil, Miss Crocker 
and Miss Cornelia Dewitt were at different times teachers 
in the female department under Mr. Fay. 

The great prosperity of the school and the demand for 
more room led the trustees to build the north and south 
wings of the building. This entailed a debt of $2,462 as stated 
at a meeting of the board in April, 1840. Shortly afterwards 
in 1841 Mr. Fay left the school to become president of a 
college at Waterville in Maine. The papers read at the Semi- 
Centennial of the Academy in 1883 consisted largely of pleas- 
ant memories of New Paltz Academy and New Paltz village 
in those days. 

From a paper prepared for that occasion by Washington 
Hasbrouck, principal of the New Jersey State Normal School 
at Trenton, we quote: 

" It is now more than forty years ago, when I, a lad of 
thirteen years entered the New Paltz Academy, then under 
the care of Eliphaz Fay. I well remember that cold winter 
morning, when I left the old school house in Middletown, 

i ;o 



to engage in study in my Alma Mater. I distinctly recollect 
the noble form of him under whose instruction I was to sit 
during the next four years. The school at this time was in 
the height of its prosperity. 

" The attendance of day pupils at this time was very large. 
I recall to-night, as I sit at my study table, the names of 
LeFevre, Deyo, Bogardus, Hoornbeck, Wurts, Elting, Van 
Olinda, DuBois, Hardenburgh, Van Wagenen, Fay, Fanning, 
Innis, Naudain, Viele, Northrop, Johnson, Southwick, Thomp- 
son, Hasbrouck and Freer. Nearly all these names were 
numerously represented. 

" Our yearly examinations stood prominently among the 
first in importance. These lasted for several days and were 
exhaustive and thorough. I can now see Mr. Fay in blue 
dress coat, with brass buttons, buff vest and black pants, 
with ruffled shirt bosom and high standing shirt collar, his 
hair gray and cut short, standing at right angles to every 
part of his large head ; and as he moved among us on examina- 
tion day, a man of 200 pounds avoirdupois, and of noble mien, 
we were proud to call him master. These examinations were 
held in the school room, situated in the south wing, of the 
Academy. They were largely attended by the citizens of 
the surrounding country. Let it be said with pride by 
the young men and women of New Paltz to-day that 
their fathers in those days took a deep interest in the 
welfare of our dear old Alma Mater and in the education of 
their sons and daughters. 

" I must not forget to mention our exhibitions which were 
held in the old stone church, which long since has given place 
to the large brick edifice now standing upon nearly the same 
foundations. What crowds gathered here to witness juvenile 
oratory ! Here were rehearsed many a serious, dramatic and 


humorous dialogue. These were great occasions, never to- 
be forgotten." 

Wm. Parker, who succeeded Mr. Fay as principal of the 
Academy in 1841, had a good school for three years. His 
assistants were Mr. Dean and Miss Ehle. From a paper 
prepared for the Semi-Centennial by Mr. S. W. Merritt we 
quote the following concerning the Academy in those days : 

" Years rolled on. It was now near the end of 1842. I 
was about to realize my long cherished hope of being an 
'Academy boy/ 

" Mr. Fay, my great ideal, was, indeed, no longer there- 
he was now president of the Waterville College in Maine so 
a portion of fairy land crumbled from under my feet at the 
threshold. I could not have Mr. Fay for teacher that was 
a great disappointment but the building was there yet and 
that was a great comfort. 

" One dreary, stormy winter's morning ' in the bleak De- 
cember ' I think it was, with fear and trembling, I approached 
the much desired, but yet awful presence. Several times 
I was tempted to ' turn and flee,' but I kept bravely on and 
at length stood within the dread arcanum 

" I will not detain you with particular incidents or other 
occurrences of school life : suffice it to say that under the 
guidance of the benign and gentle Mr. Parker, the principal ; 
the good and patient Mr. Dean, male assistant and in the 
fellowship of such genial spirits as Ira Deyo, Jonathan Deyo, 
Philip A. Deyo and a small host of other good fellows who 
were there as students, I spent the winter and early spring 
in a very pleasant and profitable manner. 

"Among the students, in addition to the three already 
named, I remember Ezekiel Deyo, Alex. Deyo and Theodore 
Deyo, brothers of Philip A. ; Josiah Deyo, brother of Ira, 


Wm. H. Seaman, Owen and Henry Van O'Linda, Wm. H. 
Bull, and another of the name of Bull, Lewis Schoonmaker, 
Easton and James Van Wagenen, Lorenzo Hasbrouck, Theo- 
dore Schoonmaker, Jacob and John Wurts, Courtlandt and 
Duryea Van Wyck and Abm. DuBois. Among the gentler 
sex I remember Sarah Van O'Linda and a younger sister, 
Elizabeth Wurts, Anne Van Wagenen, Laura Decker, and 
one or two Misses Jansen. 

" I left the Academy in the latter part of March, 1843, 
and returned to it on the i6th of November, 1846. In the 
meantime Mr. Fay had returned to ' the Paltz ' and was again 
principal. Mr. James Devine, a fine man and superior 
teacher, from the State Normal School of Albany, was male 
assistant. Mr. Parker had gone to New Jersey and was now 
principal of an academy at Middletown Point." 

From a reminiscent article in The Huguenot (a periodical 
published by the Academy students) in December, 1883, we 
quote the following account of our village and the Academy 
in 1836: 

New Paltz village was much smaller and more quaint look- 
ing then'than now. Most of the houses were along the street 
leading down the hill past Budd's Tavern towards and past 
the old stone Dutch Reformed Church on towards Middle- 
town. These houses are, most of them, there yet; though 
some have since been, in part, remodeled. The present brick 
church had not yet been built and the Methodist church had 
probably not then been even thought of. 

Solomon E. Elting " kept store " on the hill, just above 
the present Huguenot bank, where Oscar C. Hasbrouck at 
present holds forth ; and George Wurts kept the store at the 
bridge. Budd's Tavern was the principal hotel. It stood on 
the site of the present Wallkill House. 


Ezekiel Elting, father of Solomon E. Elting, lived in the 
" brick house " on the street leading along the Kill, past the 
Academy. George Wurts lived in the house between the 
Academy and the bridge ; and " Dr. Jake," his father, resided 
where Capt. Cornelius Wurts now lives. I do not remember 
who kept the tavern near the present Huguenot bank, but 
Benj. Smedes kept it a few years later. The Huguenot bank 
building was erected not far from this time and Hardenburgh 
DuBois, who was its first owner, kept a store in it a while. 
Aldert " Ollie " Schoonmaker was the tailor and Moses Freer 
the " village blacksmith." 

Daniel DuBois lived in the "1705" house; " Mariche " 
Hasbrouck lived in the stone house standing side to the street 
opposite the present brick church; and the Poyer family 
resided at the forks of the road between the " 1705 " house 
and the old grave yard. 

The old stone Dutch Reformed church stood nearer the 
street than the present building and nearer the southeastern 
angle of the church enclosure. Dominie Van O'Linda was 
pastor and lived at the present parsonage. Mr. Eliphaz Fay 
was chorister of the church and principal of the Academy, 
which was three years old, a little toddler in years, but a 
giant, even then, in influence. The writer was a small boy, 
of not much account, except in his own estimation. Mr. 
William Parker succeeded Mr. Fay as principal of the Acad- 
emy in 1841 and it was during his incumbency that I first 
entered the institution as a student in 1842. In 1844 Mr. 
Fay returned and again took charge and in 1846-7 I attended 
under him. He left, finally, in April, 1847, an d went to 

In 1845, while Mr. Fay was principal the second time a 
financial crisis was successfully met. The building of the 


wings had entailed a debt of about $2,500. This was held 
by Mr. Jacob J. Hasbrouck, who had a mortgage on the 
property. The mortgage was foreclosed and bid in by Mr. 
Hasbrouck in January, 1845 an d he was for the period of 
two months its owner. Then a determined effort was made 
to pay off the debt. Subscriptions for stock in the Academy 
were sold and the debt paid, Mr. Hasbrouck deeding to 
thirty-five persons, including himself, the Academy property. 
The names of the stockholders, who thus became the owners 
of the Academy, comprises, no doubt, a pretty full list of 
people of that period, interested in the cause of education. 
The names are as follows: 

Mathusalem Elting, Maurice Hasbrouck, David Wurts, 
Jacob J. Hasbrouck, Clinton Hasbrouck, Solomon LeFevre, 
Jacob G. DuBois, Sarah Elting, Andries P. LeFevre, Elijah 
Woolsey, Ezekiel Deyo, Jr., Roelif Elting, Moses P. LeFevre, 
Stephen Stilwell, Josiah P. LeFevre, Henry I. DuBois, Abra- 
ham D. B. Elting, Edmund Eltinge, Moses Elting, Maria 
Wurts, Maurice Wurts, Derick W. Elting, Jacob Elting, Dan- 
iel DuBois, Andrew Deyo, Abraham A. Deyo, Jr., Abraham 
J. Elting, Josiah DuBois, Peter Deyo, Wm. W. Deyo, Aldert 
Schoonmaker, Abraham Elting, Levi Hasbrouck, Jonas N. 
LeFevre and Charles B. Hasbrouck. 

For about a dozen years these persons owned the property, 

In 1856 the board of Academy trustees was again organized 
and the individuals or their heirs deeded to them their title 
to the institution. The consideration mentioned is $i. 

The money received from the State Literature fund 
amounted to a large sum, annually, in the early years of the 
Academy. In 1840 it was $373.78. The next year it was 


$246.65. This fund diminished from year to year on account 
of the increase of classical students in the state. 

When Eliphaz Fay left the Academy the second time, in 
1847, ne was succeeded by Mr. Munsell, who remained only 
one year. 

He was succeeded by Mr. Butler, whose wife was his 
assistant. They remained until 1851. One event of this 
period is to be set down to Mr. Butler's special credit; that 
is the planting of the maple grove in front of the Academy, 
which remains until the present day. 

John B. Steele of New York became principal of the 
school in 1851 and filled the position three years, resigning in 
the spring of 1854. 

In the fall of the same year the term began late, Oct. 3Oth, 
with J. H. Sinclair as principal and Miss Sarah Tooker as 

In 1855 M f - Sinclair was principal and Miss Sinclair and 
Miss Mary Keeler assistants. In this year a loan of $1,000 
was obtained from the state funds and a mortgage placed 
on the Academy property. At this time and for a long period 
afterwards Derick W. Elting was president of the board of 
trustees and Dr. David Wurts, secretary. Other members 
of the board at about this time were Roelif Elting, Edmund 
Eltinge, Josiah P. LeFevre, Aldert Schoonmaker, Moses P. 
LeFevre, Jacob G. Dubois, Abm. A. Deyo, Jr.. Clinton Has- 
brouck, Maurice Hasbrouck, Jacob Elting, Josiah DuBois, 
Mathusalem Elting, Moses Elting. 

In the report to the regents of the university in September 
1855 the value of the Academy grounds is stated at $900 and 
the value of the Academy building at $7,000. The value of 
the library is stated at $372 and the value of the philosophical 
apparatus at $359. The number of students on the first of 


September 1856 is stated at thirty-two. The highest rate of 
tuition is $7 per quarter and the lowest rate $4 per quarter. 

In the summer of 1857 Frederick R. Brace became prin- 
cipal of the Academy and his brother, Robert J. Brace, 
assistant. The first named was a member of the senior class 
in college and his brother a freshman. The Braces continued 
in charge of the school for two years and Frederick R. Brace 
received the degree of A. M. from Princeton College while 
teaching at New Paltz. 

The list of students and their ages is given each year. The 
list in 1858 is as follows: 

Peter Eltinge, Peter A. LeFevre, Solomon DuBois, Peter 
D. Elting, Abm. A. Deyo, Josiah Elting, Sol. Elting, Evert 
Hasbrouck, Josiah J. Hasbrouck, Solomon E. Hasbrouck, 
Egbert Hoornbeck, Luther LeFevre, Ralph LeFevre, Nath- 
aniel Deyo, P. Nichol Mitchell, Jacob D. Wurts, Matthew J. 
LeFevre, Henry C. DuBois, John B. Elting, Elizabeth Bruyn, 
Mary Elting, Kitty Elting, Cornelia Deyo, Maggie LeFevre, 
Anna Wurts, Cornelia Wurts, Catharine Deyo, Sarah Ann 
Deyo. Jane Freer, Jane DuBois. 

The salary of the principal of the school, F. R. Brace, is 
stated at $552, and that of his assistant, Robert J. Brace, at 
$400. ' 

In the fall of 1859 Mr. Post was employed as principal 
of the school. His sister filled the position of assistant. 

At a meeting of the board of trustees in 1860 it is stated 
that, $130 had been subscribed toward paying the interest on 
the mortgage held by the state on the Academy property. 
Shortly afterwards this mortgage of $1,000 was remitted by 
an act of the Legislature through the efforts of Hon. Jacob 

LeFevre, who then represented this district in the Assembly. 


In the fall of 1860 M. McN. Walsh became principal of the 
Academy. Alfred Deyo was elected trustee to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Moses Elting. 

Mr. Walsh resigned his position in the summer of 1861 
to enter the army, becoming a captain in the 44th (Ellsworth) 
Regiment. When he left the trustees owed him $246. This 
amount was raised mainly by the proceeds of a festival at 
the Academy. 

In the fall of 1861 D. M. Dewitt became principal of the 
school. A year later he resigned having been elected district 
attorney of the county. 

Mr. Dewitt's successor was Charles H. Haywood, whose 
proposition to take charge of the school and furnish a com- 
petent female teacher on condition that the trustees give him 
the tuition fees was accepted. He remained until July, 1863. 

Henry Gallup was the next principal, remaining two 

In 1865 the following trustees were elected: Edmund El- 
tinge, Edward DuBois, John W. DuBois, Jonathan Deyo, 
Charles B. Hasbrouck, Abm. V. N. Elting, Alfred Deyo, Sol. 
Deyo, Elijah Woolsey, W. H. DeGarmo, Theodore Deyo, 
Abm. M. Hasbrouck, Zach. Bruyn, Philip Elting, Philip D. 
Elting, Jr. Alfred Deyo was elected president and Sol. Deyo 
secretary of the board. 

Jared Hasbrouck was the next principal of the school serv- 
ing in that capacity from Jan. i, 1866 until April, 1868. 

By resolution of the trustees the rates of tuition were raised 
and fixed as follows while Mr. Hasbrouck was principal: 

Classics and Modern Languages $10 a quarter 

Higher English 9 

Common English 6 " 

Elementary English 5 


In 1868 Dr. H. M. Bauscher rented the Academy property 
of the trustees for the term of five years at the annual rent 
of $200 a year for the first two years and $300 a year for the 
balance of the term. 

In 1875 it was voted to grant the request of Dr. Bauscher 
that he be released from the contract to purchase the Academy 
property for $5,000 and the money already paid on the con- 
tract be returned to him. The property was then leased to 
him at an annual rental of $250. 

In the same year Ira Deyo was elected trustee in place of 
Philip Elting, who had moved to California. 

In 1880, a committee was appointed with power to sell a 
strip of land 100 feet in width off the south end of the 
Academy lot, the price to be not less than $500. This sale 
was made to Mr. Albert K. Smiley for $500. 

At the annual meeting in August, 1881, Dr. Bauscher, who 
for thirteen years had maintained a most excellent school with 
a good attendance, 'and was the first to organize a graduating 
course in the school, having decided not to remain longer, 
it was necessary to employ another principal. Mr. Alfred 
Deyo also resigned the position of president of the Board. 

Jesse Elting and Ralph LeFevre were elected trustees to 
fill vacancies caused by death and resignation. The latter was 
elected president of the Board. Messrs. F. E. Partington and 
Wm. F. Perry were employed as principal and associate prin- 
cipal of the school. 

At a meeting in August, 1882, action was taken for the 
grading, drainage and improvement of the grounds. This 
resolution was carried into effect and about $400 expended. 

In 1883 the sum of $150 having been raised for the pur- 
chase of books and apparatus application was made to the 
regents for the grant of a like amount from the state. 


At a meeting in March, 1883, a committee was appointed to 
see what could be done towards the proper observance of the 
Semi-Centennial of the Academy. At the same meeting- 
Messrs. Partington and Perry were each presented with a 
gold headed cane by the trustees in appreciation of the work 
done by them in promoting the welfare of the school. The 
Semi-Centennial exercises and banquet were very largely 
attended by those who had been formerly students at the 

At a meeting in September, 1883, a request was presented 
from the principal of the school that steps be taken to enlarge 
the present Academy building or erect a separate building 
and a committee was appointed to take the matter into con- 

At a meeting held March i, 1884, (the Academy building 
having just burned down) a committee was appointed to ob- 
tain the best rooms obtainable in which to continue the school 
until the end of the year. The rooms selected were in the 
store at the foot of Main street. 

At the next meeting, one week later, the question of re- 
building was taken up and it was voted unanimously that 
the " Academy must be rebuilt." A subscription list was 
instantly started among the trustees present and $1,650 was 
subscribed on the spot. A committee was appointed to solicit 
further subscriptions and a committee was appointed to draft 
an appeal to all old students, soliciting their aid to rebuild 
the Academy. 

For some time after this date meetings of the board of trus- 
tees were held almost every week, the place of meeting being 
either at the Huguenot bank or at the Savings bank. 

April 7th the soliciting committee reported having received 
subscriptions to the amount of $4.360. 


At a meeting one week later the soliciting committee re- 
ported having received subscriptions to the amount of $6,760. 

April 2ist action was taken in regard to cleaning up the 
ruins of the burned Academy and for procuring stone for the 
foundation, also for employing an architect. A letter was 
read at this meeting from the clerk of the Kingston Classis 
of the Reformed church expressing friendly overtures and 
acknowledging the Academy as an Academy of the Reformed 
church so long as its management be under the control of a 
board of trustees, the majority of which shall be members of 
the Reformed church. This overture was accepted, but no 
further action was taken in this direction. 

April 28th the soliciting committee reported a total sub- 
scription of $9,910. 

On the 5th day of May the total amount of subscriptions 
was reported at $10,530 and a resolution was adopted that 
the trustees, thinking this sum sufficiently large, together with 
the insurance ($2,900) to justify them in commencing to 
build, subscribers be notified to meet to select a new board of 
Academy trustees. 

Two weeks afterwards a resolution was passed to ask the 
Regents for an amendment of the charter increasing the capi- 
tal to $25,000 and increasing the number of trustees from 
15 to 21 and this was done. 

At a meeting May I9th Messrs. Joseph Hasbrouck, John 
W. DuBois, Ira Deyo and Alfred Deyo resigned their posi- 
tions as trustees and A. K. Smiley, J. J. Hasbrouck, Elting T. 
Deyo and P. L. F. Elting were elected. At this meeting 
Jacob LeFevre, A. K. Smiley, Elting T. Deyo, Jesse Elting 
and J. J. Hasbrouck were appointed a building committee. 

At the next meeting, May 22, A. V. N. Elting, Philip D. 
Elting, Jr., Edmund Eltinge and Theodore Deyo tendered their 



resignations as trustees and H. H. Elting and Lambert Jen- 
kins were elected. J. J. Hasbrouck was elected treasurer. 

During June and July there is no record of any meeting's. 

However, during this time the election for a new board of 
trustees was held and the former board elected with the fol- 
lowing additional members: DuBois LeFevre, Philip B. Has- 
brouck, Henry J. DuBois, Capt. Jacob L. Snyder, S. P. 
Keator and John J. Hull. The amount of money raised for 
the purpose of rebuilding the Academy was quite remarkable. 
The largest contribution was made by Mr. and Mrs. Lambert 
Jenkins, who together paid $1,250. In the work t of soliciting 
funds most of the money outside of that subscribed by the 
trustees was obtained by Rev. Ame Vennema, Mr. F. E. 
Partington and Hon. Jacob LeFevre. 

Messrs. Partington and Perry, having resigned their posi- 
tions as principal and associate principal, a resolution was 
passed expressing appreciation of their services. Mr. Part- 
ington became principal of the Staten Island Academy, a posi- 
tion which he filled for twenty-two years. 

Dr. Henry A. Balcom was selected as the new principal 
and his wife became assistant in the school. 

The school was opened in the village hall in the fall of 
1884 with the very small attendance of 13 pupils. 

At a meeting held Jan. 22, 1885, the building committee 
made a report of expenditures and receipts, showing a de- 
ficiency of $6,860.03, that amount being due contractors for- 
building, and heating apparatus. This amount the treasurer 
was authorized to borrow. A resolution was also adopted 
thanking the building committee. 

At the same meeting " On motion Ralph LeFevre and H. 
A. Balcom were appointed a committee to ascertain the prac- 
ticability of having the Academy converted into a State Nor- 


mal School and to endeavor to secure the necessary legislation 
to accomplish the same." 

This committee commenced work promptly, and their first 
visit to Albany was made about February 1st. 

No further meeting of the Academy trustees was held for 
four months. 

During this interval a great amount of work was done, 
not alone by the committee appointed by the trustees, but by 
others, especially Messrs. Jacob LeFevre and J. J. Hasbrouck ; 
also by residents of Kingston and Albany, in procuring the 
passage of. the bill. 

At a meeting May 20, the president reported that the fol- 
lowing bill had passed the Legislature : 

An Act to amend an act entitled " An act in regard to 
Normal Schools," passed April seventh, eighteen hundred and 
sixty-six, and providing for a normal and training school with 
an academic department, at the village of New Paltz, in the 
county of Ulster. 

Section I. The following commissioners, viz: The Secre- 
tary of State, the Comptroller, the State Treasurer, the At- 
torney General and the Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
named in the first section of the act entitled " An Act in re- 
gard to Normal Schools," passed April seventh, eighteen hun- 
dred and sixty-six, and of which this act is an amendment, 
shall be and they are hereby authorized, to accept proposals 
made to them under the provisions of the said act, for the lo- 
cation of a normal and training school with an academic de- 
partment, in the village of New Paltz, in the county of Ulster, 
and upon the acceptance of such proposals, all and every of the 
provisions of the said act shall apply to said normal and train- 
ing school, and the location, establishment, conduct and main- 
tenance thereof, and shall have full force and effect in re- 


spect thereto and to all matters connected therewith, in the 
same manner and with the like effect, as though the said pro- 
posals had been duly accepted according to and under the pro- 
visions of said act ; and all acts, resolutions and proceedings 
of the board of trustees of the New Paltz Academy in re- 
spect to the location or establishment of a normal and training 
school at New Paltz, in the County of Ulster, are hereby con- 
firmed and made effectual for the purposes intended, in the 
same manner and with the like effect, as if a normal and 
training school had been duly located there by the acceptance 
of proposals therefor under the provisions of said act. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect immediately. 

The president stated that the commissioners named in said 
act to examine the buildings and grounds would probably be 
at New Paltz about the middle of June. 

A committee was appointed to receive the state officers and 
draft a proposition to convey the property to the state. 

At a meeting June 2, the amount of subscriptions received 
since last meeting was stated at $2,500, the effort being made 
to clear up the indebtedness as it was necessary to turn over 
the property to the state free of debt. 

At a meeting June n the committee reported the proposi- 
tion to be submitted to the state officials which is entered in 
full on the secretary's book. The proposition describes the 
property and closes as follows: 

'* The property herein proposed to be conveyed to the state- 
is intended to be conveyed in trust for the use and purposes 
specified in the acts of the Legislature hereinbefore .referred 
to and expressed in this instrument and in case of the aban- 
donment by the state of the said uses and purposes, the said 
property to revert and be reconveyed to the board of trustees 
of the New Paltz Academy." 

1 86 



The visit of Governor David B. Hill and of the state 
officers mentioned in the act, together with other invited 
guests, was made to New Paltz about the middle of June and 
the proposition of the board of Academy trustees to convey 
the property to the state was duly accepted, with the proviso 
that Wm. B. Ruggles, Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
should report what changes in the building were necessary to 
adapt it to the purpose of a State Normal and Training school 
and what additional furniture and equipment was necessary. 

Superintendent Ruggles decided that a number of changes 
in the building and a considerable amount of additional furni- 
ture was needed, entailing upon the trustees an expenditure 
of about $800. 

It was voted to accept the proposition of Wm. B. Ruggles, 
superintendent of public instruction, and that " we proceed 
to furnish the building as required as soon as the title is ac- 
cepted by the Attorney-General." Jesse M. Elting and Jacob 
M. Hasbrouck were elected trustees to fill vacancies. Dr. H. 
A. Balcom continued the school until it was converted into a 
State Normal School, which happened the next February. 

At a meeting held Sept. 7, 1886, A. K. Smiley passed over 
his check of $156.62 to assist in the payment of interest on 
note of $3,500 given by the Academy Trustees for balance due, 
the amount of Mr. Smiley's check being the receipt from sales 
of flowers at the mountain house. 

At a meeting held at the Independent office Oct. 31, 1896, 
to make some disposition of the sum of $149.47 m tne hands 
of the treasurer, the note of $3,500 having been paid by the 
14 trustees who had endorsed it, and cash in the treasurer's 
hands having come into his possession by the subsequent sales 
of canning factory and creamery stock which had been do- 
nated to the Academy trustees when the work of rebuilding 



was in progress, on motion it was resolved that the money 
be paid pro rata to the following named trustees who had 
endorsed and paid the note, Elting T. Deyo, Jonathan Deyo, 
Solomon Deyo, Henry J. DuBois, Henry H. Elting, Jesse 
Elting, Philip L. F. Elting, Abm. M. Hasbrouck, Josiah J. 
Hasbrouck, Philip B. Hasbrouck, Lambert Jenkins, Jacob 
LeFevre, Ralph LeFevre, Jacob L. Snyder. 




It was about the year 1830 that a murder was quite cer- 
tainly committed in the town of New Paltz, though no one 
disappeared from the neighborhood and no body of a mur- 
dered person was found. The place of the murder was on 
the road to Kettleboro, where Egbert DuBois now lives. 

It was before the day of railroads and the locality was then 
all in woods. A man on a chestnut horse had passed through 
our village going south. It is said that he had been collecting 
land rents in the northern part of the county. It was in the 
early spring and about 9 o'clock in the evening. Josiah Du- 
bois, father of Wm. E. DuBois, who lived on the other side 
of the Wallkill, half a mile west, heard cries of distress and 
came up to the side of the Wallkill, to cross the stream but 
some one had taken the boat away. A colored man working 
for Henry Hornbeck, on what is now the C. L. VanOrden 
place, also heard the shouting and came down the hill, thinking 
that some one was calling for assistance, but found nothing. 
John Hoppinsted passing along the road saw a light moving 
along the ravine a short distance to the east. Next morning 
Budd's stage driver found a $5 bill and some cigars ; also 
marks of a scuffle in the ground very near the present location 
of Egbert DuBois' granary. A mantle with a high collar, such 
as was worn by well to do people was found hidden in a stone 
wall close by. Deyo DuBois and his brother Wessel heard a 
horse whinnying, but thought it one of Gen. Wynkoop's 
horses running in the woods. 

Finally the greatest discovery came which left no doubt that 
a murder had been committed. Months afterwards two men 


in crossing the gorge of the Plattekill were stopped by a sad 
and grewsome sight. Here lay before them in the dark ravine 
the skeleton of a horse, still fastened by a stout halter to the 
branch of a tree overhead. 

These were the remains of the noble animal the rent collec- 
tor had ridden. The poor beast had dug holes in the ground 
with his feet and gnawed the trees as far as he could reach 
before he perished of starvation. Much kinder would it have 
been to have killed him on that spring night when his master 
was slain. The bridle was still on the horse and near by was 
the saddle. 

But the murdered man's body was never found nor did we 
ever hear the name of the man who quite certainly lost his 
life on that night; nor were any arrests ever made. News 
traveled slowly in those old days and justice was not so swift 
footed as now. But even to the present day people talk of the 
mystery of the dark deed nearly 80 years ago, and of the 
skeleton of the horse that was found in that dark ravine. 


In 1850 our village had a population of about 250. On the 
upper part of Main street Abm. V. N. Elting resided in the 
brick house which he afterwards enlarged and in which he 
lived for nearly half a century afterwards. Mrs. Jane Le- 
Fevre lived in the house a little farther down the street. The 
next house was that of Charles B. Hasbrouck, whose wife 
conducted a millinery establishment. Across the street Mr. 
Hasbrouck had a store which did a large business. Here was 
the village postoffice in 1850. The Huguenot Bank was not 
started until several years afterwards. The building was 
owned at that time by the family of Benj. Van Wagenen. 

The Steen Hotel was owned and occupied by Benj. Smedes. 
Aldert Schoonmaker was the village tailor having succeeded 


Mr. Webb. John N. Vanderlyn purchased Mr. Schoonmaker's 
real estate. The shop remains as it was then. 

From the Steen Hotel to the foot of Main street there were 
few houses in 1850. Part of the house of Daniel Relyea, who 
was the village butcher, is still standing, adjoining the store 
of DeWitt Schepmoes. The house at the corner of Main and 
Chestnut streets, now the residence of the Coe family, was 
occupied in 1850 by the Foyer family. In 1855 Lewis D. 
Barnes built as a store the building that is now the grocery 
department of the store of J. J. Hasbrouck & Co. Mr. Barnes 
lived in what is now the Jacob M. Hasbrouck house, which 
had been built a few years before by Dr. Isaac Reeve, who 
was practicing medicine. Dr. Wurts had built the house now 
owned by Peter McMullen a short distance farther west. 

Near the foot of Main street was the distillery of George 
Wurts and the store building, which he had previously con- 
ducted, but which was run in 1850 by Mr. Ruggles and shortly 
afterwards by Matthew J. Smedes and his brother Josiah. 

The Methodist church, which had been built in 1839, oc- 
cupied nearly its present location, but was a smaller building 
than at present. 

The present residence of Josiah J. Hasbrouck was stand- 
ing in 1850 and occupied by the family of Mrs. Christopher 
LeFevre. At the corner of Chestnut and North Front streets 
Kate Hasbrouck had a shop in 1854 where she made boys' 
clothing and here she remained all her life. Benj. Johnson 
occupied the old hotel building, formerly the Budd place, 
nearly on the site of the present Colonial Hotel. The hotel 
was kept a little later by John Burger. A short distance up 
the street, near the village school-house but on the other side 
of the street, Elias Coe had a blacksmith shop. Down the 
street what is now the Memorial House was occupied at about 
this time and some years afterwards by Samuel D. B. Stokes. 


The building now owned by Mrs. Andrew Deyo across the 
street from the Memorial House, became the village postoffice 
in 1852. Zach Bruyn was deputy postmaster and had a har- 
ness shop. In 1857 Mr. Bruyn put up a building at the corner 
of Main and Chestnut streets, where Mr. Poucher's store now 
is. Here he had a harness store and kept the postoffice until 
1 86 1 when Easton Van Wagenen became postmaster and 
moved the postoffice to the building now the DuBois & Gregory 
drug store. 

Now going again to the lower part of our village: The 
stone house with a brick front south of the old grave yard 
was owned by Rebecca Elting and occupied by Mrs. Blandina 
Potter and her son Charles. The present residence of Abm. 
D. Brodhead was occupied by his grandfather, Abm. Deyo. 
It has been modernized and greatly enlarged. Daniel DuBois' 
family lived in the old fort and the Webb family owned and 
occupied the next building, now the residence of Cyrus D. 
Freer. The Elting homestead was occupied by tenants. The 
house across the street from the Reformed church, now the 
Isaiah Hasbrouck house, was owned by his aunt, " Mreecha 

The northernmost of the old stone houses in the street was 
purchased about 1850 of the heirs of Andries DuBois by 
Samuel D. Morey, who long carried on the shoe making 
business there. A little farther north on the other side of 
the street were the select school building and the residence of 
Corodon Norton. 


So far as the business interests of this place are concerned 
no more important event ever transpired in New Paltz than 
the organization of the Huguenot Bank, Feb. 10, 1853. Ed- 
mund Eltinge was the prime mover in the enterprise. Al- 


though the village was small New Paltz was the center of a 
good farming country and farmers at that period were nearly 
all saving a little money from year to year and farms were in- 
creasing in value. With a single exception all of the first 
board of directors were farmers and the capital stock of $125,- 
ooo was nearly all owned by farmers within six or eight miles 
of New Paltz. In certain cases, however, farmers were so 
enthusiastic in the enterprise that they mortgaged their prop- 
erty in order to take stock. The first board of directors were 
Alfred Deyo, Jacob G. DuBois, Edmund Eltinge, Mathusalem 
Elting, Capt. Abram Elting, Abm. V. N. Elting, Roelif Elting, 
Oscar Hasbrouck, John Howell, Abm. P. LeFevre, Garrit Le- 
Fevre, Moses P. LeFevre and Timothy Seymour. Edmund 
Eltinge was the first president. The first cashier was A. G. 
Ruggles, who was succeeded not long afterwards by Nathan 

In 1857 came a financial crash extending over the country. 
The Huguenot Bank passed into the hands of a receiver for a 
few months. It was reorganized with Roelif Eltinge as presi- 
dent, Nathan LeFevre as cashier and Edmund Eltinge as as- 
sistant cashier. 



The incorporation of the Huguenot Patriotic Historical and 
Monumental Society of New Paltz took place in the year of 

" The trustees for the first year were Louis Bevier, Irving 
Elting, A. T. Clearwater, George H. Sharpe, Frank Has- 
brouck, Joseph E. Hasbrouck, Edmund Eltinge, Jesse Elting, 
Jacob LeFevre, Dr. Abraham Deyo, Ralph LeFevre, Jonathan 
Deyo, Solomon DuBois, Abraham D. Brodhead and Jacob M. 





" The expressed objects and purpose of the society were : 

" ' To record the virtues and to perpetuate the memory of 
the Huguenot patentees of New Paltz and of the early settlers 
upon the New Paltz patent, by erecting and maintaining a 
suitable monument to the patentees at New Paltz village; by 
marking and by preserving the marks of the burial places of 
early settlers; by marking and preserving historical sites and 
buildings ; by acquiring ownership of such sites and buildings, 
together with relics, documents and papers, and by founding 
and maintaining thereon and therewith a museum or museums ; 
by discovering, collecting and preserving documents and in- 
formation respecting the New Paltz patent and its early set- 
tlers and by publishing the same.' 

" Contributions of money were solicited from the descend- 
ants of the early settlers and from those interested, and all 
who contributed became members of the association. 

" The Jean Hasbrouck house was bought in 1899 and has 
since been maintained by the Society as a museum. The 
monument was erected in 1908, the unveiling taking place 
Sept. 29th, that being the 23<Dth anniversary of the granting 
of the Patent by Gov. Edmond Andros. 

The tablet on the monument bears the following inscription : 

To The 
Memory and in Honor of 

Louis DuBois 

Christian Deyo 

Abraham Hasbrouck 

Andre LeFevre 

Jean Hasbrouck 

Pierre Deyo 

Louis Bevier 

Anthoine Crespel 

Abraham DuBois 

Hugo Frere 

Isaac DuBois 

Simon LeFevre. 


The New Paltz patentees, who, driven by religious persecu- 
tion from their native France, exiles for conscience' sake, came 
to America, after a sojourn in the Rhine Palatinate near Man- 
heim, here established their homes on the banks of the Wall- 
kill, settled the country purchased from the Indians and 
granted by patent issued by Governor Edmond Andros on the 
29th day of September, 1677, and nobly bore their part in 
the creation of our free government. 

The Huguenot, Patriotic, Historical and Monumental As- 
sociation of New Paltz erects this monument, the 29th day of 
September, 1908. 




Addison, John 40, 43, 99 

Allen, Matthew 39 

Alsop, William 38 

Andros, Governor Edmund 3, 4, 5, 196. 

Anjou, Gustave 84 


Balcom, Henry K 183, 187 

Barnes, Lewis D 191 

Barberie, John 34 

Bauscher, H. M 179 

Beekman, William 37 

Bedford, Jacob 99. 

Benson, Egbert 39 

Bevier, Abraham 66 

Bevier, Benjamin, Dr 156 

Bevier, Jacobus 66 

Bevier, Louis 8, 16, 17, 19, 25, 26, 27, 39, 46, 63, 65, 120, 193 

Bevier, Samuel 66, 89 

Blake, Capt. W. H. D 61- 

Blanshan, Catharine 84 

Blanshan, Matthew 3, 84 

Blom, Rev. Harmanus 3 

Bogardus, Dr. John 161. 165, 168 

Bogardus, Rev. William R 165 

Bond, Daniel R 165, 167 

Bondet (or Brodet), Rev 6 

Bonrepos, Rey. David I, 4, 6 

Brace, Frederick 177 

Brace, Robert 177 

Brodhead, Abraham D 192, 193 

Bruyn, Cornelius 108 

Bruyn, Zachariah 178, 192 

Burger, John 191 

Burr, Aaron 44, 45 

Butler, Mr. and Mrs 176 


Cantine, Moses 56 

Case, Stephen 39 

Clearwater. A. T 193 

Clinton, Charles 33. 39 

Clinton, Governor George 47 

Coddington, Joseph 44 

Coe, Elias 191 



Golden, Cadwallader 32, 35 

Cottin, Catharine 85 

Cottin, Jean 58 

Crispell, Antoine 3. 16, 17, 25, 45 

Crocker, Miss 169 


Daille, Rev. Pierre 4, 5, 6, 8 

Danielson (Donaldson), Catharine 23 

Dean, William 172 

DeGarmo. William H 178 

Dellius, Rev. Godf ridus 5, 6 

Devine. James 173 

Dewitt, Aaron 161 

Dewitt, Cornelia 169 

Dewitt, D. M 178 

Dewitt, Moses 161 

Deyo, Aaron 162 

Deyo, Abraham 19, 20, 25, 31, 63, 193 

Deyo, Abraham A 175, 176 

Deyo, Alfred 168, -178, 181, 183 

Deyo, Andrew 175, 192 

Deyo, Benjamin 88 

Deyo, Benjamin H 45, 46 

Deyo, Christian 1 6, 24, 30, 45, 46 

Deyo. Christopher 29 

Deyo, Daniel A 165. 167 

Deyo, David 63 

Deyo, Elting T 181, 188 

Deyo, Ezekiel 166, 175 

Deyo, Ira 179, 181 

Deyo, Isaac 63 

Deyo, Jacobus 157, 158 

Deyo, John 162 

Deyo, Jonathan 178, 188, 193 

Deyo, Louis , 38 

Deyo, Mathusalem 163 

Deyo, Moses 161 

Deyo, Nathaniel, Dr 156 

Deyo, Perry 28 

Deyo, Peter (and Pierre) 16, 17, 25, 45, 46, 63, 120, 157, 159, 175 

Deyo, Philip 168 

Deyo, Solomon 63, 168, 178, 188 

Deyo, Theodore 178, 181 

Deyo, William 46 

Deyo, William W 175 

Dimmick, J. W 113 

Donaldson, Abraham 88 

Dongan, Governor 4, 105 

Dow, Abraham 35 

Drake, John 164 

DuBois, Abel , 137 

DuBois, Abraham 16, 17, 25, 38, 46, 65, 120, 127, 129, 130, 

131, 132, 133, 135, 139, 152 



DuBois, Addison 133 

DuBois, Ann 98 

DuBois, Anson, Rev. Dr 135, 137 

DuBois, Augustus 137 

DuBois, Benjamin 129, 134, 135 

DuBois Barent 125, 128, 135 

DuBois, Charles 124, 134 

DuBois, Charles A 124 

DuBois, Christian 150, 152, 153 

DuBois, Conrad 127 

DuBois, Cornelius 66, 107, 127, 129, 147, 153 

DuBois, Lieut.-Col. Cornelius 134 

DuBois, Daniel 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 39, 46, 62, 98, 137, 

165, 168, 174, 175, 192 

DuBois, David 124, 129, 137 

DuBois, Derrick 127 

DuBois, Dominicus 131, 133 

DuBois, Edmund C 131 

DuBois, Edward 163 

DuBois, Elias 122, 147 

DuBois, Elijah 124 

DuBois, Elisha 153 

DuBois, Ephraim 122, 145, 146 

DuBois, Ezekiel 130 

DuBois, Francoise 1 130 

DuBois, George H 131 

DuBois, George M 137 

DuBois, George W 146, 149 

DuBois, Gerrit 126, 129 

DuBois, Gideon 122, 145, 153 

DuBois, Gilbert 163 

DuBois, Hendricus 66 

DuBois. Henry 1 175 

DuBois, Henry J 183 

DuBois, Hezekiah ' 66, 122, 146 

DuBois, Huybartus 134 

DuBois, Isaac 16, 46, 66. 123, 126, 129, 134, 135, 138 

DuBois, Jacob 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 153 

DuBois, Jacob G 175, 176, 193 

DuBois, Jacob T 153 

DuBois, Jacobus 151, 152 

DuBois, Jacobus N 151 

DuBois, James 133 

DuBois, James C 131 

DuBois, James S 131 

DuBois, Jaques 123, 149, 151 

DuBois, Jean 151 

DuBois, Jeremiah 123, 124, 128, 145, 146, 147 

DuBois, Jesse '. 122, 147 

DuBois, Joel 136, 145, 147 

DuBois, Johannes 122, 123, 126, 127, 146, 152 

DuBois, John 127, 129, 134, 136, 137, 147, 187 

DuBois, John Gosman 124 

DuBois, John Jeremiah 124 



DuBois, John W 181 

DuBois, Jonathan 66, 124, 129, 152 

DuBois, Josaphat 66, 125 

DuBois, Joseph 129, 131, 133, 137 

DuBois, Josiah 167, 168, 175 

DuBois, Joshua 123, 124 

DuBois, Koert 153 

DuBois, Lemuel 124 

DuBois, Col. Lewis 147 

DuBois, Lewis 137, 145, 146, 147 

DuBois, Louis 3, 8, 17, 25, 45, 47, 120, 122, 125, 128, 129, 

130, 137, 138, 145, 146 

DuBois, Louis V 124 

DuBois, Lowrens i?5 

DuBois, Mary 16, 17, 165, 167 

DuBois, Matthew 121, 122, 123, 127, 129, 145, 146, 147 

DuBois, Matthias 137 

DuBois, Melissa 163 

DuBois, Nathan 123, 151 

DuBois, Nathaniel 147 

DuBois, Nehimiah 151 

DuBois, Nicholas 131, 133 

DuBois, Nicola 130 

DuBois, Orrin 137 

DuBois, Peter (and Pierre) 59, 66, 123, 126, 127, 129, 138, 

146, 147, 151, 152, 153 

DuBois, Peter J 124 

DuBois, Philip 66 

DuBois, Richard 133 

DuBois, Robert Patterson 128 

DuBois, Samuel .46, 129, 131, 137, 151 

DuBois, Sarah 128 

DuBois, Simeon 88 

DuBois, Solomon 61, 63, 66, 125, 129, 134, 193 

DuBois, Sophia 130 

DuBois, Thomas 147, 153 

DuBois, Tobias 127 

DuBois, Teunis 153 

DuBois, Tunis V 130 

DuBois, William 131, 133, 151 

DuBois, William Ewing 128 


Ean, Elias 38, 45, 165 

Een, Geesje 24 

Een, Jan (John) 19, 22, 24, 25 

Ehle, Mrs 172 

Ein, Abraham 88 

Elting, Abraham 88, 175, 193 

Elting, Abraham D. B 175 

Elting, Abraham V. N 178, 181, 190, 193 

Elting, Derrick W 168, 175, 176 

Elting, Ezekiel 46, 174 

Elting, H. H 183, 188 



Elting, Irving 193 

Elting, Jacob 165, 175. 176 

Elting, Jan (John) 66 

Elting, Jesse 168, 179, 181, 187, 188, 193 

Elting, Josiah 19, 22, 24, 25, 98, 176 

Elting, Josiah R 165 

Elting, Mathusalem 175, 176, 193 

Elting, Moses 175, 176 

Elting, Capt. Noah 39, 42, 47, 55, 66 

Elting, Peter 165, 168, 176, 193 

Elting, Philip 45, 178 

Elting, Philip D 168, 178, 181 

Elting, Philip L. F 181, 188 

Elting, Rebecca 164, 192 

Elting, Richard 156 

Elting, Roelif 19, 20, 22, 25, 55, 61, 66, 168, 175 

Elting, Sarah 175 

Elting, Solomon 165 

Elting, Solomon E 168 

Elting, William 66 

Eltinge, Edmund 28, 47, 61, 167, 168, 175, 176, 178, 181, 192, 193 

Evans, Capt. John 47 to 50 


Fay, Elephaz 169, 171, 173, 174 

Fletcher, Governor 6 

Frederick, John , 98 

Frederick, William 98 

Frere, Abraham 113, 138, 139, 141, 142, 143, 144 

Frere, Abraham H 112 

Frere, Alexander 142 

Frere, Baltus 142, 143, 144 

Frere, Benjamin 114, 115 

Frere, Benjamin I 112 

Frere, Betsy . 142 

Frere, Brechie in 

Frere, Bregge 1 14 

Frere, Catharine in 

Frere, Chester 112 

Frere, Cyrus D 113, 167, 192 

Frere, Daniel 1 12, 1 14 

Frere, Daniel H 112 

Frere, David 112, 115 

Frere, Dennis 112 

Frere, Dewain 112 

Frere, Elias 45, 46, 143 

Frere, Eliza C 142 

Frere, Elizabeth 115 

Frere, Esther 115 

Frere, Ezekiel 111,112 

Frere, Gerrit Ill, 112 

Frere, George 143 

Frere, Rev. Dr. George 139 

Frere, Rev. Harris A 112 



Frere, Hendr ick : 114 

Frere, Henry D 139 

Frere, Hiram 112 

Frere, Hugo 8, 16, 17, 25, 28, 30, 45, 46, 51, 58, 60, 63, 

113, 114, 120, 138 

Frere, Hugo B 115 

Frere, Hugo J 1 14 

Frere, Jacob 30, 113, 1 14 

Frere, Jacobus 141, 143, 144, 145 

Frere, James . . . . 142 

Frere, James A 139 

Frere Jean 69 

Frere, Jeremiah 113, 114, 115 

Frere, Jeremias 141 

Frere, Johannes 88, 115, 139, 141 

Frere, Johannes (Col. John) 142, 143 

Frere, John I43> *44 

Frere, John E. 112 

Frere, John R. 112 

Frere, Jonah 23 

Frere, Jonas 38, 66, 145 

Frere, Jonas E 112 

Frere, Jonathan 114 

Frere, Jophat ' 1 12 

Frere, Lawrence t 145 

Frere, Levi 1 14 

Frere, Louisa 142 

Frere, Maria in, 115, 142 

Frere, Margaret in 

Frere, Martinus in, 113 

Frere, Maurice W 112 

Frere, Moses 115, 143 

Frere, Nathan 141, 144 

Frere, Paulus 1 14 

Frere, Peter 139, 140, 144 

Frere, Petrus 141 

Frere, Phebe 142 

Frere, Philip 140, 142 

Frere, Rachel 115 

Frere, Rebecca . '. 142 

Frere, Roelif 114 

Frere, Sally 142 

Frere, Samuel ^ 142 

Frere, Samuel D 1 12 

Frere, Simeon _. 143 

Frere, Simon 141, 143 

Frere, Simon J 144 

Frere, Solomon 140 

Frere, Thomas 143 

Frere, Rev. Walter ' 142 

Frere, Governor Walter F 142 

Frere, William 142 

Frere, Zachariah 165 

Freyenmont, Rev. J. C 9, 13 




Gallup, Henry 178 

George II. (King) 47 

Gifford, George 169 

Goetschious, Rev. J. H 7, 13 

Graham, Augustus 3, 32 

Guimar, Peter 57 

, H 

Hammond, John 162 

Hardenburgh, Gerardus 107 

Hardenburgh, Col. Johannes I 15, 38 

Hardenburgh, Jonathan 99 

Hardenburg. Margaret 107 

Harlow. Nathan 166, 167 

Hart, Dr 162 

Hasbrouck, Abraham. .16, 17, 25, 30, 38, 42, 45, 63, 69, 103, 106, 120, 140 

Hasbrouck, Abraham M 106, 107, 109, 178, 188 

Hasbrouck, Albina 109 

Hasbrouck, Alexander C 109 

Hasbrouck, Asenath 109 

Hasbrouck, Benjamin 106, 140 

Hasbrouck, Catharine 109 

Hasbrouck, Charles B 175, 178, 190 

Hasbrouck, Clinton 175, 176 

Hasbrouck, Cornelius D 166 

Hasbrouck, Daniel 8, 19, 20, 24, 28 

Hasbrouck, DuBois 109 

Hasbrouck, Frank 143 

Hasbrouck, Huram 109 

Hasbrouck, Isaiah 192 

Hasbrouck, Jacob 19, 22, 29, 38, 42, 45, 55, 66, 88, 109, 147 

Hasbrouck, Jacob G 175 

Hasbrouck, Jacob I 67 

Hasbrouck, Jacob J 45, 106, 107, 109, 165, 168, 175, 183 

Hasbrouck, Jacob M 109, 187, 193 

Hasbrouck, Jacobus 83 

Hasbrouck, James 106 

Hasbrouck, Jared 178 

Hasbrouck, Jean (or John) 16, 17, 22, 25, 27, 29, 30, 45, 57, 

62, 71, 101, 103, 104, 106, 120 

Hasbrouck, Jonas 99 

Hasbrouck. Col. Jonathan 66, 107 

Hasbrouck, Joseph 55, 181 

Hasbrouck. Joseph E 193 

Hasbrouck, Josiah 39, 40, 99 

Hasbrouck. Josiah J 109, 168, 181, 188, 191 

Hasbrouck. Kate 191 

Hasbrouck, Lavinia 112 

Hasbrouck, Luther 109 

Hasbrouck, Levi 168 

Hasbrouck, Levi J 109, 175 

Hasbrouck, Louis 107, 108 

Hasbrouck, Mariche 174, 192 



Hasbrouck, Maurice 108, 165, 175, 176 

Hasbrouck, Maurice P 106 

Hasbrouck, Oscar 193 

Hasbrouck, Philip B 183, 188 

Hasbrouck, Petrus 39, 88 

Hasbrouck, Roelif 166 

Hasbrouck, Samuel 45, 109 

Hasbrouck, Simon 109 

Hasbrouck, Solomon , 19, 22, 25, 28, 29 

Hasbrouck, Theodore 109 

Hasbrouck, Washington i 169, 171 

Hastings, Hugh .' i, 63 

Hay wood, Charles 1 78 

Hill, Governor 187 

Hobart, Garret A 130 

Howland, Antoinette 164 

Howland, John ' ' 162 

Howell, John 193 

Hull, John J 183 


Jackson, James 40 

Jenkins, Mr. and Mrs. Lambert 183, 188 

Jenkins, Crines 166 

Jenkins, James 166, 167 

Johnson, Benjamin 191 

Johnson, Sir John 135 

Johnson, Simon 33 


Keator, S. P 183 

Kennedy. Archibald 39, 40, 45 

Keeler, Mary 176 

Ketcham, Titus 48 


LeFevre, Abraham 1 16 

LeFevre, Abraham D 1 16 

LeFevre, Abraham P 193 

LeFevre, Andries 16, 17, 25, 45 

LeFevre, Andries P 175 

LeFevre, Andrew 1 18 

LeFevre, Andrew P 166 

LeFevre, Ann Maria , 117 

LeFevre, Arthur 1 18 

LeFevre, Mrs. Christopher 191 

LeFevre, David in 

LeFevre, Daniel 67, 116, 117 

LeFevre, Dewitt Chauncey 117 

LeFevre, DuBois 183 

LeFevre, Epinetus 116 

LeFevre, Elizabeth >. 117 

LeFevre, Garret 166, 193 

LeFevre, Gilbert 117 



LeFevre, Henrietta 117 

LeFevre, Isaac 17, 19, 25, 28, 114, 115, 116, 117 

LeFevre, Jacob 63, 126, 177, 181, 183, 188, 193 

LeFevre, Jane 120 

LeFevre, Jean (John) 17, 19, 23, 25 

LeFevre, Johannes 28, 99, 1 16 

LeFevre, Jonas N 175 

LeFevre, Jonathan in 

LeFevre, Jonathan J 166 

LeFevre, Josiah P 175, 176 

LeFevre, Margaret 1 16 

LeFevre, Maria 1 16 

LeFevre, Martin 117 

LeFevre, Mary 17 

LeFevre, Melvin 115 

LeFevre, Matthew 45, 83 

LeFevre, Moses P 175, 176, 193 

LeFevre, Nathan 193 

LeFevre, Nathaniel 27, 42, 47, 165 

LeFevre, Nellie 116 

LeFevre, Peter 45, 46, 97, 99, 115, 116 

LeFevre, Petronella 28 

LeFevre, Petrus 29, 39, 44 

LeFevre, Ralph 168, 179, 183, 188, 193 

LeFevre, Roman G 118 

LeFevre, Sarah 117 

LeFevre, Sarah C 117 

LeFevre, Simon 16, 17, 25, 29, 45, 63, 66, 116, 120 

LeFevre, Solomon 175 

LeFevre, William 116 

LeFevre, William Chauncey 117 

Leisler, Jacob 5 

Lohmas, Deyo 159 

Lupardus, Rev 6 


Mancius, Rev. G. W 7. 13 

McClaury, T 167 

McMullen, Peter 191 

Merritt. S. W 172 

Michaelius, Rev. Jonas 2 

Molinaer, Rev 6 

Morey, Samuel D 192 

Morpe. Rev 6 

Munsell, Mr 176 


Norton, Corodon 161, 192 

Nucella, Rev 6 


Oliver, Andrew : 154 

Oliver, Ann 156 

Oliver, Anna 154 



Oliver, Anne 154 

Oliver, Catharine 154 

Oliver, Cornelius 156 

Oliver, Elizabeth 154, 157 

Oliver, Esther 156 

Oliver, Garret N 156 

Oliver, Gitty 157 

Oliver, James 154 

Oliver, Jane 154 

Oliver, John 154 

Oliver, Margaret 155, 156 

Oliver, Maria 154 

Oliver, Mary 154, 157 

Oliver, Matthew 155, 156 

Oliver, Richard 154, 156 

Oliver, Samuel 153 

Oliver, Sarah C '. 157 


Palmatier, Peter 39 

Parker, William 169 

Parrot, Marvin , 163 

Pells, Abraham 166, 167 

Ferret, Rev 6 

Pieret, Rev. Petrus 6 

Perry, William F 179 

Post, Mr. and Miss 177 

Potter, Blandina 192 

Potter, Charles 192 

Poucher, Dr 192 

Poyer, Joseph 166, 167. 174, 191 


Qua, Rev. Mr 167, 169 


Rank (Ronk?) 15 

Reeve, Dr. Isaac 191 

Relyea, Rev. Benjamin 164 

Relyea, Daniel 191 

Rice, Gilbert Cuthbert 161 

Rogers, Augustus 162 

Rose, Daniel 27 

Rosa, Edmund zo 

Ruggles, Augustus 193 

Ruggles. (State Superintendent) 187 


Saffer, David 44 

Saxton, Gilbert 44 

Schepmoes, Dewitt 191 

Schoonmaker, Aldert 175, 176, 190 

Schoonmaker, Jacob 1 166 

Schoonmaker, Jennie 164 



Scoval, Miss 169 

Selyns, Rev. Henry 4, 5, 6 

Seymour, Timothy 193 

Sharpe, George H , . 193 

Sinclair, J. H., and Miss 176 

Sloughter, Governor 5 

Smedes, Benjamin 190 

Smedes, Matthew 191 

Smiley, A. K 179, 180, 181, 183, 187 

Snyder, Jacoh L 183 

Steele, John B 176 

Stilwell, Stephen 175 


Terpening, Bridgen 117 

Terpening, John 19, 22, 25 

Terwilliger, Evert 15 

Teschenmaker, Rev. Peter 4 

Tompkins, Isaac '. 35. 39 

Tompkins, Joseph 35, 39 

Tucker, Sarah 175 

Turck, Jacob 40 

Tuthill, Aaron 162 


VanDriesen, Rev. Jan 12 

Vanderburgh, Henry 35 

Vanderlyn, John N 191 

Van Hovenberg. Dr. Henry 150 

Van O'Linda, Rev. Douw. . 168, 174, 178 

Van Orden, Abraham 97 

Van Orden, Maria 97 

Van Orden, Peter 91 to 97 

Van Orden, Sarah 168 

Van Wagenen, Ann 164 

Van Wagenen, Benjamin 165, 166, 167, 168, 190 

Van Wagenen, Easton 162, 192 

Varrick, Rev. Rudolphus 5 

Vas, Rev 9 

Vennema, Rev. Ame 183 

Vrooman, Rev. Barrent 10 


Walsh, M. McN 178 

Warner, John 97 

Washington, General 107 

Webb, J. K 116 

Webb, (family) 192 

Wentworth, Hugh 40, 42 

Wessenfels, Rev 103 

Westbrook, Frederick 99 

Westbrook. Jonathan 99 

Williams, Nathan 162 

Woolsey, Elijah 175, 178 



Wurts, Capt. Cornelius 174 

Wurts, Dr. David 162, 168, 175, 176, 191 

Wurts, George 174, 191 

Wurts. Dr. Jacob 162 

Wurts, Maria 175 

Wurts, Dr. Maurice 175 

Wyncoop, Jacob 161