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Full text of "History of North Carolina"



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HISTORY 



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NORTH CAROLINA 



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VOLUME IV 
NORTH CAROLINA BIOGRAPHY 

BY SPECIAL STAFF OF WRITERS 



ILLUSTRATED 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 

1919 



1 






Copyright, 1919 

BY 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 




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HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Hon. Nathaniel Boyden. A concise summaiy 
of the life and distinguished services of Hon. Na- 
thaniel Boyden was given recently by Chief Justice 
Clark upon the acceptance of a portrait of the 
former justice. Said Judge Clark: 

"He was a soldier in the War of 1812 and the 
son of a soldier of the Eevolution, and his son 
served the South with distinction in the War of 
of 1861-65. He came to this state in 1822 and was 
several times a member of the Legislature. In 
1847 he was a member of Congress, and again in 
1868. He was appointed to the Supreme Court in 
May, 1871, and served two and a half years tiU 
his death in November, 1873. 

"Admitted to the bar in 1823, he served in his 
profession with great distinction for nearly half 
a century. During that time it was his custom 
to attend forty-eight courts each year, and he 
practiced regularly in twelve counties. 

' ' When appointed to the Supreme Court Bench, 
Judge Boyden was in his 75th year, being the 
oldest man ever appointed to this bench. Judge 
Boyden brought to this court the accumulated 
learning and experience of nearly fifty years at 
the bar and the intesity of energy and love of 
labor which had gained him success and fortune 
in that forum, and commanded for him a well 
earned reputation here. ' ' 

Nathaniel Boyden was born at Conway, Mass- 
achusetts, August 16, 1796. The Boyden family 
was long established in England, where the name 
is found in records covering three centuries. It 
was from ancestors of wealth and distinction that 
Nathaniel Boyden derived many qualities that 
enabled him to adorn the positions he held in 
life. 

The ancestor of all the earlier members of the 
famUy was Thomas Boyden, who left Ipswich, 
Suffolk County, England, in April, 1635, and on 
the ship Francis came to Massachusetts. There 
is an extended genealogical work entitled 
' ' Thomas Boyden and his descendants. ' ' His son, 
Thomas Boyden, Jr., born at Watertown, Mass- 
achusetts, September 26, 1639, married Martha 
Holden, daughter of Richard Holden, who , c^me 
to America in the ship Francis in 1634. From 
Watertown they moved to Groton. Their son, 
Jonathan Boyden, was born September 27, 1675, 
lived and died in Groton. The family names ot 
neither of his wives have been preserved. His son, 
Josiah Boyden, bom at Groton September 21, 
1701, moved to Deerfield about 1762, and in 1767 
was one of those who sighed the petition asking 
for a division of the township. The answer to that 
petition was the Town of Conway. Josiah Boyden 
first married Eunice Parker. 

Their son John Boyden, father of Judge Boyden, 
was born at Conway, Massachusetts, January 29, 
1764, and was the first male child of European par- 



ents born in that township. He died October 2, 
1857, at the great age of ninety-three. As a 
soldier in the Revolution he stood on guard at one 
end of the cable stretched across the Hudson 
River to prevent the passing of the sloop of war 
Vulture when Benedict Arnold was plotting to 
betray West Point, and he often reverentially spoke 
of seeing Washington when he made his unex- 
pected visit to West Point after Arnold 's flight. 
John Boyden enlisted several times during the 
Revolution. His first enlistment was for three 
months at Ticouderoga. Aside from his military 
service he spent his life as a farmer at Conway. 

Judge Boyden 's mother, Eunice Hayden, was the 
daughter of Dr. Moses Hayden, a learned phy- 
sician of Conway. Eunice Hayden was a sister of 
Hon. Moses Hayden, a member of Congress from 
New York. On this side of the family William 
Hayden came to America in 1630. The Haydens 
long held legal appointment in England from the 
king and Nathaniel Boyden probably derived his 
brilliant talents as a lawyer from his mother's 
family. 

Nathaniel Boyden displayed the martial spirit 
of his ancestors and at the age of fifteen enlisted 
in the War of 1812. For his services he was 
granted a land warrant for 160 acres. He was 
liberally educated, preparing for college at Deer- 
field Academy, and attending in succession Wil- 
liams College, and Union College in New York, 
whence he wa9 graduated in July, 1821. He 
studied law while in college, and also under his 
uncle Hon. Moses Hayden. 

In 1822 Nathaniel Boyden came south for the 
purpose of teaching school. In the fall of that 
year he and his companion, a clock-maker's agent, 
named Sidney Porter — grandfather of the late 
' ' O. Henry ' ' — alighted from the stage coach near 
King's Crossroads in Guilford County, North Caro- 
lina; and after breakfast, having surveyed the 
scane, they determined on the spur of the moment 
to remain, rather than continue to their destination 
further south. 

Nathaniel Boyden found a school to teach at 
King's Cross Roads and at the same time ac- 
quainted himself with the North Carolina Legal 
Code and Procedure. Later he taught school in 
Madison, Rockingham County, where he met Ruth, 
great-niece of Governor Alexander Martin. She 
became his wife January 20, 1825. In December, 
1823, he was licensed to practice and settled near 
Germanton in Stokes County, where he resided 
until his removal to Surrey County in 1832. In 
1842 he moved to Salisbury which was his home 
until his death, November 30, 1873. 

Aside from these facts it is possible to obtain 
something approaching a better estimate and char- 
acti lization of Judge Boyden from the words of 
Dr. Archibald Henderson of the University of 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Isorth Carolina, in his address on presenting the 
portrait of Judge Boydeu to the Supreme Court. 

In appreciation of Nathaniel Boyden's powers 
as a lawyer, Dr. Henderson said: "Brought into 
competition, at the outset of his legal career with 
men of the stamp of Ruflin, Murphey, Nash, Settle, 
Yancey and the Moreheads, he met every 
eanergency tlirough the extraordinary gifts with 
which nature and study had endowed him — vigor- 
ous intellect, perception quick as light, and an 
ability in mental reasoning well-nigh phenomenal. 
A later contemporary thus characterizes him: 'He 
delighted in the practice of the noble profession 
which he so much adorned and in which he 
reached so high an eminence. The fine intellectual 
conflicts to which it gave rise had for him in- 
describable charms. They were meat and drink to 
his nature. Self reliance never forsook him for a 
moment. His moral courage was sublime. He 
never slirank from the performance of any duty 
nor hesitated to take any responsibility. His fidel- 
ity to his chiefs was never doubted. With all 
these high qualities, being well grounded in the 
law and thoroughly understanding its great cardi- 
nal principles, success was inevitable. ' 

' ' From his time of retirement from Congress 
until his elevation to the Bench he was actively 
engaged in the practice of his profession over a 
circuit of twelve counties. For more than thirty 
years he regularly attended the sessions of the 
Supreme Court of the State. Endowed with an 
eminently practical mind and extraordinary in- 
dustry, he attained to great repute and achieved 
a handsome competency. As Associate Justice 
of this Court during the two and a half years of 
his incumbency, Judge Boyden delivered opinions, 
which, for practical wisdom, broad knowledge, and 
cogency in reasoning may uniformly be cited with 
profit. The present distinguished head of this 
court has WTitten of Jodge Boyden : ' Wliile on 
the Bench he was said to have been especially use- 
ful on questions of practice. He possessed a strong 
and cultivated mind, and was endowed with an 
extraordinary memory. A fair specimen of his 
style and his practical turn of mind will be found 
in Horton v. Green, 66 N. C, 596, an action for 
deceit and false warranty. ' ' ' 

Of especial interest are his attitude and position 
in the political life and thought of his time as 
portraj-ed by Dr. Henderson. "In all the political 
changes, through periods of great stress and fer- 
ment, in state audt nation, Judge Boyden was 
allied with more than one political party. But as 
an old line Whig he stood consistently for the 
doctrines in which he had early learned "to believe. 
In the earlier years of his life he was a Madisonian 
republican, and when the old republican party dis- 
solved he joined the national republicans and sup- 
ported John Quincy Adams for the presidency in 
1825 and 1829. Upon its formation he became a 
member of the whig party and stood steadfastly 
by its fortunes to the last. And when that party 
ceased to exist he continued to cling to the funda- 
mental doctrines which it had taught. * » * 
From the very beginning of the war between the 
States he never expected any other result than 
the final surrender of the Confederate forces to 
the Federal army. Yet, notwithstanding what he 
regarded as their great political errors, he mani- 
fested the profoundest sympathy with the Southern 
people, lamented the stern penalties of war, and 
lent his aid to the citizens of his adopted State. 
* * * Judge Boyden was identified with the 
South by family ties, by interest, and by all the 



memories of his balmy days; and he was not, at 
heart, untrue to the South in opposing that which 
his sagacious mind considered baneful to her wel- 
fare, prosperity and peace. He looked upon seces- 
sion as disastrous to the South. But once the die 
was cast, he went with the State. One may read 
today in The Carolina Watchman of 24th of Aug- 
ust, 1861, the list of subscriptions to the Confeder- 
ate Loan — a list headed by the name of Nathaniel 
Boyden in tiie sum of $1,500, accompanied by the 
statement that his tobacco, as well, would be freely 
subscribed. He bore the sternest test of all — he 
gave his beloved voungest son, Archibald Hender- 
son, to fight for the cause of the Confederacy. 

' ' One who knew him intimately has written that 
'no man was more opposed to the plan of Con- 
gressional reconstruction than Judge Boyden, and 
none labored harder to prevent it. ' But at the 
same time none realized more clearly than he the 
exigency, as well as the intrinsic justice, of mak- 
ing some sort of concession in the form of political 
privileges to the negro race. Nathaniel Boyden 
was appointed by Governor Worth in 1866 on a 
Commission, the main function of which was to 
investigate the condition of affairs and mature a 
rational and humane policy. * * * The plan 
proposed, known as the 'North Carolina Plan,' in 
the formulation of which Judge Boyden had a 
large shaxe, had for its basis impartial suffrage 
and universal amnesty. * * * In all probability, 
the North Carolina Plan would have been accepted, 
liy the State Legislature but for the conviction 
that it would be only the prelude to the imposition 
of deeper humiliations. Foreseeing the direful 
consequences to North Carolina in case of its fail- 
ure, Mr. Boyden had its success deeply at heart. 
Upon learning of the failure of the plan, after 
all his arduous and sincerely patriotic efforts, the 
anguished man vented his deep grief in bitter tears. 
* * * It was related in writing by the late John 
A. Boyden, and is believed to be an historic fact, 
though never hitherto given to the pulilic, that 
President Lincoln had selected Nathajiiel Boyden 
for the post of Provisional Governor of North 
Carolina. The proclamation had been prepared 
by President Lincoln, who was assassinated on the 
night before it was to be published. 

"In the Convention of 1865 he playe*! one of 
the leading roles and introduced the ordinance 
which declared that the ordinance of May 20, 
1861, 'is now and has been at all times null and 
void. ' In the impeachment trial of Governor 
Holden he was one of the brilliant array of legal 
talent composing the Governor's counsel; and his 
speech on March 17, 1871, with its imposing mar- 
shalling of legal authorities, is memorable as an 
argument on the impossibility of holding the Gov- 
ernor responsible for his execution- of an imeon- 
stitutional law. 

' ' Lastly Mr. Boyden was consistent with his own 
principles, long tenaciously maintained, in trans- 
ferring his allegiance in 1868, to the republican 
party. * * * Apart from the policy of the re- 
publican party in reference to reconstruction he 
had always held to some of its great cardinal 
principles." 

The following tribute to Judge Boyden was writ- 
ten at the time of his death by Dr. Henderson's 
father. ' ' In all his intercourse with his f ellownien 
Judge Boyden was straightforward, honest, direct- 
He was a pattern of perfect sincerity in all that 
he said or did. He was manly in everything. Flat- 
tery he det^-sted. The arts of the demagogue he 
despised. No man ever lived who was farther 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



away from corruption. His integrity was never 
doubted iy any man who came near him. His 
manly ajid straightforward courage, aceorapauied 
by a certain brusqueness of manner, may have led 
some to suppose that he was deficient in some of 
the qualities of the heaxK If so, it was a great 
mistake. With as much of true manhood as be- 
longs to the greatest and most powerful characters, 
he yet possessed all the tenderness that character- 
izes the gentlest of the gentler sex. None who 
knew him well can deny that his was a character 
that deserves to be held long in remembrance, espe- 
cially as a bright example to the young men of the 
country. Let them take courage from that re- 
markalde example, and emulate his many virtues 
and noble qualities, and success in whatever they 
undertake is within their reach. ' ' 

Reference has already been made to his first 
marriage. This wife died August 20, 1844, leav- 
ing four childi-en, Nathaniel, John Augustus, Sarah 
Ann and Ruth. In November, 1845, he was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Jane (Henderson) Mitchell, widow of 
Dr. Lueco Mitchell, and niece of Chief Justice 
Leonard Henderson and daughter of Archibald 
Henderson. Of this union there was one son, 
Archibald H. Boyden, w-hose career is subject for 
a separate sketch on other pages. 

Col. Aechib.ild Henderson Boyden. A broad- 
minded, public-spirited citizen of Salisbury, Rowan 
County, Col. Archibald H. Boyden, now serving 
as postmaster, has long been associated with the 
higher and better interests of city and county, 
advocating and working for those ideas and 
measures that will be of lasting good to the com- 
munity, being more especially interested in the 
mental, moral, and physical development of the 
children of this generation, in whom he sees the 
future guardians of the public welfare. Coming 
from honored New England ancestry, he was born 
in Salisbury, North Carolina, January 29, 1847, 
a sou of Hon. Nathaniel and Jane Mitchell (Hen- 
derson) Boyden, and maternal grandson of Hon. 
Archibald and Sarah (Alexander) Henderson, 
families of prominence and influence. The house 
in which his birth occurred, and which he now 
owns and occupies, was built by his grandfather, 
Hon. Archibald Henderson, in 1800. It is a large 
commodious, frame building, colonial in style, and 
sits back some' distance from the street, the lo- 
cation being ideal. It is surrounded by a beautiful 
lawn, ornamented with trees, plants and shrubs, 
rendering the place pleasant and attractive. On 
this lot stood the building occupied as a law oflSce 
by Andrew Jackson during the year he practiced 
law in Salisbury. In 1876 Mr. Boyden sold the 
building, which was taken first to Philadelphia, 
and later to Cliieago. 

In 1863 Mr. Boyden left the preparatory school 
in which he was being fitted for college to enter 
the Confederate Army. Going to Virginia, he was 
detailed as a courier to Gen. Robert F. Hoke, and 
served in that capacity until the close of the con- 
flict. Returning home with health badly shattered 
by the many hardships and privations of life in 
camp and field. Colonel Boyden was for nearly five 
years incapacitated for work. Regaining his for- 
mer physical vigor, he engaged in the buying and 
selling of cotton, a substantial business with which 
he has since been actively identified, being presi- 
dent of Boyden, Oranan & Co. and vice president 
of Oranan & Co., wholesale dealers and jobbers, 
also interested in various other enterprises of a 
commercial or financial nature. 



Taking a genuine interest in everything con- 
nected with the advancement of the public welfare, 
Colonel Boyden has served with credit to himseU', 
and to the honor and satisfaction of his constitu- 
ents in numerous offices of trust and responsibility. 
He was for tea years mayor of Salisbury. When 
he was first nominated to that position, he prom- 
ised, if elected, to give the city the much-needed 
sidewalks, good roads, and better schools, and 
under his efficient administration all of these prom- 
ises were fulfilled to the letter, sidewalks being 
built, streets being paved, and the schools placed 
among the best in the state. A new railroad sta- 
tion, which Salisbury had long needed, was erected 
through the colonel's influence with the railroad 
officials, it being the best station on the road be- 
tween Washington and Atlanta. 

In 1911 Colonel Boyden was elected to the State 
Senate, and was renominated in 1913, but refused 
to accept the nomination. While a member of the 
Senate he secured the passage of a bill for the 
state iuspection of schools, but it was defeated in 
the House. He continued to advocate the measure, 
however, and the Legislature of 1916 enacteu 
such a law. For a full quarter of a century the 
colonel has served as a member of the school 
board, and for twelve years has been, postmaster. 

Actively interested not only in the welfare of 
the children, but in that of the Confederate soldier, 
Colonel Boyden is serving as chairman of the 
board of managers of the Soldiers' Home at Ra- 
leigh, where the 175 inmates are well cared for, 
and is also chairman of the pension board of 
Rowan County. He is commander of the First 
Brigade, North Carolina Veterans. He is likewise 
chairman of the Salisbury Board of Charities; a 
member of the board of managers of the Thompson 
Episcopal Orphanage at Cliarlotte; and a director 
of the Children 's Home at Greensboro. 

On July 7, 1880, Colonel Boyden was united in 
marriage witli May Wh*it, a daughter of Hon. 
Francis E. and May (Wheat) Shober, and grand- 
daughter of Rev. John Thomas Wheat, whose 
brother. Major Rob Wheat, commanded the Louisi- 
ana Tigers in the Civil War. Mrs. Boyden 's great- 
grandfather on the paternal side, Gottlieb Shober, 
was a leader in the Moravian Colony, located at 
Salem, Forsyth County. Her father was prominent 
in public affairs, serving as a representative to 
Congress, and later as secretary of the Senate. 
Colonel and Mrs. Boyden have two daughters, 
namely: May Wheat, who married Dr. Vance R. 
Brawley, and has two children, Robert V. Jr., and 
Boyden; and Jane Henderson, wife of Burton 
Craige, has three children, Burton, Jr., Jane Hen- 
derson and an infant. Colonel Boyden and his 
wife are members of the Episcopal Church, in 
which he has served as vestryman for several years.' 

Hon. Archib.\ld Henderson, who was bom in 
Granville County, North Carolina, August 7, 1768, 
.and died at Salisbury October 21, 1822, had a 
career replete with the finest successes and dig- 
nities of the law, citizenship and manhood. All of 
this is perhaps best expressed in the inscription 
placed on his monument by the North Carolina 
bar, in these words: 

"In Memory of Archibald Henderson, to whom 
his associates at the Bar have erected this Monn- 
ment to mark their vener.ation for the character of 
a. Lawyer who illustrated their profession by the 
extent of his learning, and the unblemished integ- 
rity of his life; of a Man who sustained and em- 
bellished all the relations of Social Life with rect- 



4 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



itude and benevolence of a Citizen; wlio elevated 
by the native dignity of his mind above the atmos- 
phere of selfishness and party, pursued calmly, yet 
zealously, the true interest of his country. ' ' 

He was of Scotch ancestry. His grandfather, 
Samuel Henderson, came from Hanover County, 
Virginia, and settled in Grannlle County, North 
Carolina, about 1743, and subsequently served as 
sheriff of that county. Richard Henderson, father 
of the subject of this article, was born in Hanover 
County, Virginia, April 20, 1735. He read law 
with his cousin. Judge Williams, for twelve months. 
When he applied for a license to the chief justice 
of the colony, whose duty it was to examine ap- 
plicajits and on his certificate request that a li- 
cense be issued by the governor, young Henderson 
was asked how long he had read law and what 
books. When the limited time was stated with the 
number of books read, the judge remarked that it 
was useless to go into any examination as no liv- 
ing man, in so short a time, could have read and 
digested the works he had named. With great 
promptness and firmness young Henderson replied 
that it was his privilege to apply for a license and 
the judge's duty to examine him, and if he was 
not qualified to reject him. The judge, struck 
with his sensible and spirited reply, proceeded to 
a most searching examination. So well did the 
applicant sustain himself that not only was the cer- 
tificate granted but with it went encomiums on his 
industry, acquirements and talents. 

The brilliant qualities of mind thus exemplified 
were sustained throughout his mature career. He 
soon rose to the highest rank in his profession, 
and honors and wealth followed. A vacancy oc- 
curring on the bench, he was appointed by the 
governor a judge of the Superior Court, the high- 
est court in the colony. He discharged the duties 
of this dignified position with fidelity and credit 
during an exciting and interesting period of North 
Carolina history. On oije occasion he was forced 
to leave HUlsboro by the disturbances of the regu- 
lators. In 1779 he headed the commission which 
extended westward the dividing line between Vir- 
ginia and North CaroUna. 

His name has an interesting association with the 
progress of opening up the country west of thb 
Alleghenies. In 1774, on the adWce of Daniel 
Boone, who had carefully explored the country. 
Judge Henderson formed a company, comprising 
John WDliams and Leonard H. Bullock of Gran- 
ville, and others from Orange County, and bought 
from the Cherokee Indians for a fair considera- 
tion all their lands south of the Kentucky River 
beginning at the junction of that river with the 
Ohio River and thence south into Tennessee and 
including a large portion of the present states of 
Kentucky and Tennessee. The company, known 
to history as the Transylvania Company, took 
possession under their title April 20, 1775, and 
on May 25, Judge Henderson, as president of the 
Transylvania Company, convened the first Legisla- 
tive assembly ever held west of the Alleghenies. 
In 1780 Judge Henderson encouraged the settle- 
ment at the French Lick, now Nashville, ana 
opened an office there for the sale of the lands. 
Not long after his return to North Carolina Rich- 
ard Henderson died at his home in Granville, Jan- 
uary 30, 1785. The maiden name of his wife was 
Elizabeth Keeling. He was survived by six 
children, Fanny, Richard, Archibald, Elizabeth, 
Leonard and John Lawson. The son, Leonard, 
afterward rose to distinction and became chief 
justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. 



Archibald Henderson studied law with Judge 
WUliams and was admitted to the bar, locating 
soon afterward at Salisbury. He soon became 
prominent in public life and from 1799 to 1803 
represented his district in Congress. He also repre- 
sented Salisbury in the State Legislature in 1807, 
1808, 1809, 1814, 1819 and 1820. About the 
year 1800 he built a commodious frame house in 
colonial style, located on South Church street, and 
it is now owned and occupied by his grandson. 
Colonel Archibald Henderson Boyden. It was in 
this dignified old home that Archibald Henderson 
died. He married Sarah Alexander, daughter ol 
Colonel Moses Alexander, and sister of William 
Lee Alex.ander and of Governor Nathaniel Alex- 
ander. They reared two children, Archibald ana 
Jane, the latter becoming the wife of Dr. Lueco 
Mitchell and later of Judge Nathaniel Boyden. 

Joseph Gill Brown. A few of his old-time 
friends and associates have distinct recollections of 
Joseph Gill Brown in the capacity of bank clerk 
at Raleigh. Well informed people of the entire 
state and in fact the entire South hardly need to 
be reminded of his important relationships with 
the financial affairs of North Carolina and the 
nation at large. Joseph GUI Brown is without 
doubt one of the foremost bankers of the South, 
and his range of influence and activities has ex- 
tended to many other affairs. 

He was born at Raleigh November 5, 1854, a 
son of Henry Jerome and Lydia (Lane) Brown. 
His people have always been fairly well to do and 
liighly respected families. Some of his ancestors 
were prominent. His great-grandfather on the 
maternal side was James Lane, a brother of Joel 
Lane, who was the original owner of the site of 
Raleigh. Mr. Brown 's mother was born on the 
farm on which Raleigh now stands. Mr. Lane 's 
house in Bloomsbury, now included in the city, was 
the place of meeting for the Revolutionary Legis- 
lature in 1781. Another ancestor of Mr. Brown 
was Col. Needham Bryan of Johnston County. 
Colonel Bryan was a representative in the Provin- 
cial Congress and was an active supporter of the 
Patriot cause during the Revolution. 

Joseph G. Brown obtained his early education 
in private schools, in Lovejoy Academy, and com- 
pleted half of his sophomore year in Trinity Col- 
lege, which he left in 1872. Beginning as a clerk 
in the Citizens National Bank, in a little more than 
twenty years he had been promoted through the 
various grades of responsibility and since 1894 has 
been president of the Citizens National Bank and 
is also president of the Raleigh Savings Bank & 
Trust Company, whose combined resources now 
total more than $4,000,000. 

He was for years president of the Raleigh Clear- 
ing House Association, was president of the Jeffer- 
son Standard Life Insurance Company, is vice 
president of the Atlantic Fire Insurance Company, 
a director in the Carolina Division of the Southern 
Railway and president of the Carolina & Tennessee 
Southern Railway. 

Much of his experience and study of finance and 
business have been made available for others 
through his active associations with various public 
bodies. He was president of the North Carolina 
State Bankers Association in 1899-1900 and was a 
member of the executive committee of the Ameri- 
can Bankers Association for nine years and vice 
president for North Carolina of that association. 
Many times he has been called upon to make ad- 
dresses before the conventions of the American 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Bankers Association and his words are always 
heard as authoritative utterances on such questions 
as the economic and financial life of the South. 
He delivered one notable address before this asso- 
ciation at New Orleans in 1902 and was again a 
speaker in 1904. He was chairman of the com- 
mittee in cliarge of the National Emergency Cur- 
rency and is now chairman of the Liberty Loan 
Committee in charge of the campaign for the sale 
of Liberty Bonds in North Carolina. 

Mr. Brown has that breadth of mind and in- 
terest which his position as a leader in southern 
life would indicate. He is one of the most promi- 
nent Methodist laymen in the southern branch of 
the church. He was a member of the General Con- 
ference in 1898, 1902, 1906, 1910 and 1914, and 
was elected for the general conference of 1918 to 
convene in May of that year. For several years 
he was a member of the Epworth Board of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South, was a delegate 
to the Missionary Ecumenical Conference at New 
York in 1900, and was appointed by the College of 
Bishops as delegate to the World's Ecumenical 
Conference at London in 1902. For several years 
he has been a steward at his home church in 
Raleigh, superintendent of the Sunday school, and 
is a trustee and treasurer of the Methodist Orphan- 
age. He is also a trustee of the Olivia Eaney 
Library, and was president of the Raleigh Asso- 
ciated Charities. 

For twenty-five years he served as treasurer of 
the City of Raleigh, has been a member of the 
Board of Aldermen, is president of the Board of 
Trustees' of Trinity College, and president of the 
Board of Trustees of the State Hospitals for In- 
sane. He is a member of the Raleigh Chamber of 
Commerce- and is one of the prominent Odd Fel- 
lows of the state, having served as grand master 
of the Grand Lodge and as representative to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge of the World. 

November 10, 1881, Mr. Brown married Miss 
Alice Burkhead, of Raleigh, daughter of Rev. L. S. 
Burkhead, D. D., a minister of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church South. They have four liring chil- 
dren: Josephine Lane, now Mrs. J. K. Doughton, 
of Richmond, Virginia, Robert Anderson, Bessie 
and Frank Burkhead Brown. 

Edwin Mich.iel Holt. Repeated _ references 
have been made in these pages to Edwin M. Holt 
as the founder of the old Alamance Mill at Bur- 
lington, where the first colored cotton fabric in 
the South was woven, and which was, in effect, 
the beginning of the great cotton mill industry 
of North Carolina, an industry which in the eighty 
years following the founding of the Alamance Mill 
has not merely grown but multiplied, and its mul- 
tiplication has been carried forward and stimulated 
by no one family so much as that of Edwin M. 
Holt, his son, grandsons and all the connections 
comprehended in the Holt family. Apart from 
the general interest that would demand something 
like an adequate review of the history of this man, 
his part in industrial North Carolina makes his 
personal record an indispensable chapter. The 
story as told here of his life and achievements 
is largely as it has been told before in the words 
of his kinsman Martin H. Holt, and as published 
some years ago. 

Edwin Miciiae! Holt was born January 14, 1807, 
in Orange, in what is now Alainance County, and 
died at his home at Locust Grove in Alamance 
County May 14, 1884, aged seventy-seven years 



and four months. His grandfather was Capt 
Michael Holt of Little Alamance, a man of promi- 
nence in the Revolutionary period. His parents 
were Michael and Rachael (Rainey) Holt. Hia 
father was a farmer, mechanic and merchant, his 
home being one mile south of Great Alamance 
Creek on the Salisbury and Hillsboro Road, where 
Edwin M. was born. Rachael Rainey has been de- 
scribed as a woman of queenly beauty coupled 
with strong common sense. Her parents were 
Benjamin and Nancy Rainey and her grand- 
parents, William and Mary Rainey. Beniamia 
Rainey was a minister of the Christian Church. 

Edwin M. Holt worked on the farm in the 
summer and attended district schools during the 
winter. From the routine of farm work and out- 
door life he developed robust health and the ability 
to work steadily at tasks, no matter how difficult, 
until they were finished. From the neighboring 
schools he obtained a fair English education, the 
ability to write a good hand and to keep books by 
the simple processes of that time. In addition to 
his farm work he spent much time in his father 's 
shops attached to the farm, developing his natu- 
rally fine mechanical talent, which had been char- 
acteristic of the Holts for several generations. 

Much of his success in life was due to the gentle, 
patient, energetic and cultured woman who became 
his wife, and for that reason it is necessary to 
mention his marriage almost at the beginning. 
Her maiden name was Emily Farish, descended 
from the Farish and Banks families of Virginia 
and daughter of a prosperous farmer of Chatham 
County, North Carolina. They were married Sep- 
tember 30, 1828. After his marriage Mr. Holt 
began handling a small farm and store near his 
father's home, and that was his modest station in 
life until 1836. 

He was endowed by nature as well as by train- 
ing in the qualities of a fine mind to become a 
pioneer in a new and broad industry. His biog- 
rapher stat<"s that while at the work of his store 
and farm he did not allow the happenings and 
movements of the outer world to pass unnoticed. 
He was a deep thinker, a logical reasoner, and had 
the ability to analyze and understand what he saw 
in the p>olitical and economic life of the country 
and nation. The fact that impressed him most was 
that the cotton mill owner of England and of 
New England, the merchant of London and of 
New York had grown rich through trade in a 
staple which was raised in abundance at his own 
door. This economic inconsistency of the pro- 
ducer not realizing to the full the advantages of 
his relation with the product has appealed to 
thousands of men both before and since the time 
of Edwin M. Holt, but the important fact with him 
is that his analysis and his power of action and 
resources enabled him to take steps to overcome 
this inconsistency and give to North Carolina cot- 
ton mills of its own that would rank not second 
to those of Fall River and Manchester. The story 
of this important industrial beginning is told in 
the words of one of his sons. Governor Thomas M. 
Holt: 

"About the year 1836 there was in Greensboro, 
North Carolina, a Mr. Henry Humphries who was 
engaged in running a. small cotton mill at that 
place by steam. Following the natural inclination 
of his mind for mechanical pursuits, my father 
made it convenient to visit Greensboro often, and 
as often as he went there he always made it his 
business and pleasure to call on Mr. Humphries. 



HISTOEY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



The two soon became good friemls. Tlic more my 
father saw of the workings of Mr. Humpliries' 
mill, the more conTinced he became that his own 
ideas were correct. Some time about the .year 1836 
he mentioned the matter to his father, Michael 
Holt, hoping that the latter would approve of his 
plans, as at that time he owned a grist mill on 
Great Alamance Creek aljout one mile from liis 
home, the water power of the creek being sufficient 
to run both the grist mill and a small cotton 
factory. He reasoned that if his father would join 
him in the enterprise and erect the factory on 
his own site on the Alamance, success would be 
assured. But his father, a very cautious and con- 
servative man, bitterly opposed the scheme and 
did all that he could to dissuade his son from 
embarking in the enterprise. Not discouraged by 
this disappointment, lie next proposed to his 
brother-in-law, William A. Carrigan, to .join him. 
The latter considered tlie matter a long time, not 
being able to make up his mind as to what he 
would do. Finally, without waiting for his 
brother-in-law's answer, he went to Paterson, New 
Jersey, and gave tlie order for tlie machinery, not 
then knowing where lie would locate his mill. On 
his return from Paterson he stopped at Phila- 
delphia, where he met the late Chief Justice 
Thomas Ruffin. Judge Euffin at tliat time owned 
a waterpower and grist mill on Haw River, the 
jjlace now being known as Swepsonvillc, and he 
asked my father where he exjiected to locate his 
mill. My father replied that he wanted to put it 
at his father's mill site on Alamance Creek, but 
that the old gentleman was so much opposed to it 
that he might not allow it. Thereupon Judge 
Euffin said that he did not wish to interfere in any 
way witli any arrangements between him and his 
father, but if the latter held out his opposition he 
would l)e glad to have him locate his mill at his 
site on Haw River, that he would be glad to form 
a partnersliiji with him if he wished a partner, and 
that if he did not wish a partner, but wanted to 
borrow mone.y he would lend him as much as he 
wanted. When my father returned home and told 
his father of the conversation with Judge Ruffin, 
a man in whom both had unbounded confidence, 
and he saw that my father was determined to 
build a cotton factory, he proposed to let him 
have Ms water power on Alamance Creek and to 
become his partner in the enterprise. The latter 
part of the proposition was declined on account 
of his having previousl.y told his father that he 
would not involve him for a cent. The conversa- 
tion witli .Judge Ruffin was then repeated to liis 
brotherin-law, William A. Carrigan, who con- 
sented to enter into the partnership and join in 
the undertaking. They bought the water power 
on Great Alamance Creek from my grandfather at 
a nominal price, put up the necessary buildings 
and started the factory during the panic of 18.37. 
The name of the firm was Holt & Carrigan, and 
they continued to do business successfully from 
the start under this name until 1851. About this 
time Mr. Carrigan 's wife died, leaving five sons. 
Two of them had just graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Nortli Carolina, and concluding to go 
to the State of Arkansas, their father decided to 
go with them ; so he sold his interest in the busi- 
ness to my father. In the year 1853 there came to 
the mill a Frenchman who was a dyer. He pro- 
liosed to teach father how to color cotton yarn 
for the sum of a hundred dollars and his board. 
Father accepted his proposition and immediately 



set to work with such appliances as they could 
scrape up. There was an eighty-gallon copper 
boiler whicli my grandfather had used to boil pota- 
toes and turnips for his hogs, and a large cast- 
iron wash pot wliich happened to be in the store 
on sale at that time. With these implements was 
done the first dyeing south of the Potomac River 
for power looms. As speedily as possible a dye 
liouse was built and the necessary utensils for 
dyeing acquired. He then j>ut in some four-box 
looms and commenced the manufacture of the 
class of goods then and now known as 'Alamance 
Plaids.' I-'p to that time there had never been a 
yard of plaid or colored cotton goods woven on a 
power loom south of the Potomac River. When 
Holt & Carrigan started their factory they liegan 
with 528 spindles. A few years later sixteen looms 
were addeil. In 1861 such had been the growth 
of the business that there were in operation 1200 
spindles and 96 looms, and to run these and the 
grist mill and saw mill exhausted all tlie power 
of the Great Alamance Creek on which they were 
located. My father trained all of his sons in the 
manufacturing business, and as we grew up we 
lirnnched out for ourselves and built other mills. 
But the plaid business of the Holt family and, I 
miglit add, of the South, had its l)eginning at 
this little mill on the banks of the Alamance with 
its little copper kettle and an ordinary wash pot. 
I am glad to be able to state tliat my grandfather, 
Michael Holt, who was so bitterly opposed to the 
inauguration of tlie enterprise and from whom my 
father never would borrow a cent or permit the 
endorsement of paper, lived to see and rejoice in 
the success of the enterprise. The mill ran twelve 
hours a day. I was only six years old when the 
mill started, and well do I remember sitting up 
with my mother waiting for my father to come 
home at night. In tlie winter time the mill would 
stop at seven o 'clock P. M. and thereafter my 
father would remain in the building for half an 
hour to see that all of the lamps were out and 
that the stoves were in such a condition that there 
would tie no danger of fire, and then he would ride 
one mile and a quarter to his home. In the morn- 
ing he would eat his breakfast by candle light and 
be at the mill at six-thirty o 'clock to start the 
machinery going. He kept this habit up for many 
years. 

' ' I attribute the success which has crowned the 
efforts of his sons in the manufacturing of cotton 
goods to the earlj' training and business methods 
imparted to them in boyhood by their father, 
Edwin M. Holt." 

Edwin M. Holt not only founded a business of 
much promise and importance, but his sagacity 
and genius guided it through the critical period, 
and he trained and encouraged his sons and left 
to them the responsibility of continuing the up- 
building and the maintenance of industries which 
are now second to none in importance in the state, 
and which have grown from several hundred 
spindles and a few looms in the little old Alamance 
Mill to hundreds of thousands of spindles and 
thousands of looms in the plants operated and con- 
ducted by the Holts alone. Much of the char- 
acter and the extent of the Holt interests in the 
cotton mill industry of North Carolina must be 
reserved for telling in various other articles de- 
voted to Edwin Holt's sons and grandsons. 

Edwin M. Holt was not favorable to the seces- 
sion of North Carolina, and yet when the war be- 
came a fact he furnished three sons to the Con- 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



federate army. In 1866 he retired from the active 
management of tlie Alamance Mill and turned it 
over to his sons James H., William E., L. Banks, 
his son-in-law James N. Williamson, and reserved 
a fifth interest for his younger son, Lawrence S., 
xmtil his majority. He was always content to 
perform his service to the world as to liis family 
through his mills and his industry. The only 
politic-al ofSce he ever accepted was that of asso- 
ciate judge of the County Court. He was an en- 
thusiastic advocate of internal improvements. 
After the war, when the state treasury was ex- 
hausted, he contrihuted generously for the main- 
tenance of the North Carolina Railroad. At one 
time he loaned the road $70,000 without security 
in order to pay the mechanics in the shops. He 
was a director and large stockholder in the road. 
He was associated with his sons in establishing tlie 
Commercial National Bank of Charlotte. Edwin 
M. Holt was a type of the old fashioned com- 
mercial integrity. He was never a speculator, and 
his generous fortune grew from honest and legiti- 
mate effort and the practice of commercial virtues 
which are as valid today as they have been in 
all the centuries past. Like all successful men, he 
had some business principles which he expressed 
through maxims. One was ' ' You will have your 
good years and your bad years; stick to business." 
Another was: ''Put your profits into your busi- 
ness. ' ' 

While building up the cotton mill industry of 
North Carolina and engaged in a tremendous task 
and one worthy of his best interests and power, 
it is said that his chief inspiration for all his 
success was his love and devotion to his wife and 
children. He and his wife had ten children, their 
names being in order of birth: Alfred Augustus, 
Thomas Michael, James Henry, Alexander, Frances 
Ann, who married John L. Williamson, William 
Edwin, Lynn Banks, Mary Elizabeth, who married 
James N. Williamson, Emily Virginia, who mar- 
ried J. W. White, and Lawrence Shackleford. 

For some of his ideals and for a summing up 
of his character the following direct quotations 
are made: 

"His ideas were patriarchal. He thought fami- 
lies should hold together, build u]i mutual in- 
terests and be true to one another. Nor was this 
a Utopian dream of Edwin M. Holt. It was a con- 
viction Iporn of his experience and observation of 
human life. It was also an inheritance. It had 
been the idea of his father, Michael Holt, it was 
the idea of his grandfather. Captain Michael Holt. 
It was the idea of his maternal ancestry, the 
Eaineys. If he had not been strengthened by his 
•own experience and observation, tie would still 
have probably listened to the teaching of his 
fathers. He liad seen members of families going 
•out in divergent directions from the old home- 
stead, the title to estates disappear and the ties 
of affection weaken, family pride lost and mutual 
aid and influence impossible. He believed ' in 
union there is strength, ' hence it was his idea 
that his children should settle around him, and 
that they should do so in honor and in charge of 
successful business enterprises. 

' ' Great as Edwin M. Holt 's life was as a 
pioneer in a branch of our state 's material de- 
velopment which is playing so important a part 
in its growth and prosperity today, he was greater 
as a man. Back of the power to plan and project 
successful enterprises, to build up his own fortunes 
and to make his name a household word in homes 



where fathers recount the great deeds of great 
men in civic life, was Edwin M. Holt, the man. 
He was modest, unassiuning, silent, ofttimes to a 
remarkable degree, seeking success not for its ovni 
sake, but for his children's and for humanity's, 
turning a deaf ear to appeals from admiring 
friends and neighbors to allow his name to go 
before the people for public oflice. But there 
slumliered the irresistible power of resolute, moral 
manhood behind his quiet face; and he would 
have been at ease, aye, and welcome, in the society 
not only of the world's greatest men in busi- 
ness, but also in politics and religion. He was a 
lifedong friend of Governor John M. Morehead, 
Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin, Frank and Henry 
Fries, the Camerons, and others of the state 's 
greatest men in the various callings of life, and 
was easily the peer of any of them. 

"Edwin M. Holt was * truly unselfish man. A 
beautiful loyalty and love for his older brother, 
William Rainey Holt, marked his entire life. Ac- 
cording to English customs, the "family pride set- 
tled ill the eldest son. William was sent to Chapel 
Hill, where he graduated with honor, then to 
Philadelphia, where he took his medical degree 
in the greatest school on the continent at that 
time. On his return to the state and upon his 
marriage, he was given some of the most choice 
and valuable property belonging to the estate. 
All this time Edwin was working on the farm 
faithfully, contentedy, and feeling an exaltation of 
spirit in his brother William "s success. This self- 
abnegation of spirit and loyalty to his brother 
lasted throughout his whole life, altered neither 
by distances nor circumstance. They often saw 
tilings differently; William was a great and bril- 
liant talker; Edwin was a great listener. William 
was an ardent democrat and . secessionist ; Edwin 
was equally as strong a whig and a Union man. 
But they never quarreled. Edwin only listened and 
smiled or his face gi-ew grave, and the hand clasp 
that followed was that of loving brothers. 

' ' As he grew older benevolence and patience and 
tenderness for children and love of humanity de- 
veloped more and more in his heart and life and 
was reflected from his quiet face. Fortune had 
smiled on the struggles of his hand and head in 
his youth and manhood, and when age approached 
he accepted its infirmities with calm resignation." 

James Henky Holt. Of that historic family 
of Holts that supplied much of the original genius, 
determination, power and enthusiasm to the up- 
building and maintenance of the cotton industries 
of North Carolina, one whose career was most 
fruitful in its individual achievements and also in 
carrying out the work begun by his honored father, 
Edwin M. Holt, founder of the historic Alamance 
Mills at Burlington, was James Henry Holt, third 
son of Edwin M. and Emily (Farish) Holt. 

He was born at the old Holt home.stead in 
Alamance County April 4, 1833, and died at his 
home in Burlington February 13, 1897. Besides 
the advantages of the local schools he spent a 
year or so beginning in 1848 as a student in 
Dr. Alexander Wilson's famous preparatory school. 
In 1850, though only seventeen years of age, he 
entered business as a copartner with his oldest 
brother, Alfred Holt, and this firm of merchants 
built and occupied a house which is still standing 
on the northwest corner of the Court House Square 
at Graham. 

In 1852, though still under age, James H. Holt 
was made cashier of the Bank of Alamance at 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Graham. This position supplied him his chief 
duties until 1862, when he became cashier of a 
bank at ThomasviUe. 

In the spring of 1864 Mr. Holt resigned his 
position in civil life to volunteer in the Confederate 
army. He was assigned to the Tenth North 
Carolina Artillery and stationed at Fort Fisher 
in the eastern part of the state. He was there 
until late in the year 1864, when Governor Vance 
commissioned him captain and ordered him to 
report at Fayetteville, to become commandant of 
the Military Academy there. It was the service 
of this commission which occupied him to the end 
of the war. While in the army he did his whole 
duty, regardless of his own personal preference 
in the matter. On being ordered to Fayetteville 
his colonel spoke of the fact that he was beiug 
taken from what promised soon to be scenes of 
excitement. To this Mr. Holt replied : ' ' Colonel, 
I regret to leave, but you know I have always 
obeyed orders. ' ' And to this the colonel replied : 
' ' That is true, Holt, you have been one of the most 
dutiful and competent soldiers in my command." 

With the close of the war James H. Holt, having 
returned to Alamance County, joined with his 
brothers and under the guidance of his honored 
father, Edwin M. Holt, became active in the 
management of the old Alamance Cotton Mills. 
James H. Holt was one whose initiative and energy 
did so much to expand and develop the interests 
of the Holt family as cotton manufacturers. It 
was largely his judgment and his influence with 
other members of the family that caused the Holts 
to purchase the site known as the Carolina Cotton 
Mills, where in 1867 the construction of a new 
plant was begun. At that time the science of mill 
construction as measured by modern attainments 
was almost unknown, and while Major J. W. 
Wilson made the survey for the water power, it 
was James H. Holt who gave his entire time and 
attention to supervising the construction and 
equipment of the plant. Later this became one of 
the most successful mills in the South and was one 
of the foundation stones of the Holt family pros- 
perity. Mr. Holt managed these mills until his 
death under the name J. H. and W. E. Holt & 
Company. The mill was operated without any 
architectural change whatever until 1904, showing 
that he not only "builded wisely but well." 

Just above the Carolina Mills in 1879 Mr. Holt 
and his brother W. E. Holt bought the mill site 
and built the Glencoe Mills, and he continued 
active in their management for many years. It is 
said that he never forgot his early training and 
fondness for the banking business, and until the 
late years of his life he remained a director and 
chairman of the examining board of the Com- 
mercial National Bank of Cliarlotte, his life and 
services contributing much to the splendid success 
of the institution. 

Even in such a brief outline it is possible to 
indicate the great material results that came from 
his genius as an industrial builder and manager, 
but there should be some effort to recall some of 
the dominant traits of his personal character, since 
it was character with him, as with all men, that 
stands Viehind and .above material achievement. 
One who knew him and had studied his career many 
years has said : ' ' Mr. Holt not only adopted 
honesty as a policy, but to him it was a very basic 
principle, never to be swerved from even by so 
much as a hair 's breadth. His life and its success 
in the business world is, as it should be, a sermon 
and an inspiration not only to his sons, but to all 



young men, on honesty, clean living and right 
thinking. Whatever was for the building up and 
development of his state, section and county, that 
he was interested in and to that he lent his aid 
and gave counsel and support. He prospered, and 
with his o-svn he brought prosperity to others and 
developed the resources of his section. Mr. Holt 
had that charity which vaunteth not itself. One 
who has lived here as the writer has for many 
years, among the people with whom he worked, 
hears many times, from grateful recipients, of the 
charity dispensed by this good man that would 
ne\er have been known save for this telling by 
those who received. Mr. Holt himself never spoke 
of these acts, and so far as a sign from him was 
concerned, when they were done, they were for- 
gotten and no obligations were incurred. One of 
his chief outstanding characteristics was his uni- 
versal friendliness. It seemed that people, and 
particularly young men, instinctively saw in him 
a friend. He never failed them." 

Mr. Holt became identified early in life with the 
Presbyterian Church at Graham. He served that 
church as an elder and later was an elder and an 
active leader in the Presbyterian Church at Burl- 
ington. Politically he was a democrat, did much 
to hold up the party cause, and only his personal 
preferences stood in the way of his selection for 
some of the higher offices of community and state. 

On January 15, 18.56, Mr. Holt married Laura 
Cameron Moore, of Caswell County. They led an 
ideal married life and their home was all that a 
home should be. They reared the following chil- 
dren: Walter L. Holt, Edwin C. Holt, Samuel M. 
Holt, James H. Holt, Robert L. Holt, William I. 
Holt, Ernest A. Holt and Daisy L. Holt, who mar- 
ried Walter G. Green. Comment has been made 
upon the fact of Mr. Holt's wisdom and discretion 
in choosing to a large degree his own executors by 
setting up his sons in business while he lived to 
give them aid and counsel. Thus the son Walter 
L. became president of the Holt-Morgan, Holt- 
Williamson, and Lakewood Mills; E. C. Holt, of 
the Elmira and Delgado Mills; Samuel M. Holt 
was connected with the Lakeside Mills; James H., 
Jr., with the Windsor Mills; Robert L., with the 
Glencoe Mills; W. I. Holt, with the Lakeside Mills; 
and Ernest A., with the Elmira Mills. 

Edwin Cameron Holt. No small share of the 
remarkable genius for industrial organization and 
building associated with the Holt family in gen- 
eral has been possessed and exemplified by Edwin 
Cameron Holt, who is a grandson of the pioneer 
cotton mill man, Edwin M. Holt, whose record 
of achievement is taken care of on other pages, 
and is the second son of James Henry and Laura 
(Cameron) Holt, a sketch elsewhere being given 
of his honored father. 

Edwin Cameron Holt was born at Graham, 
North Carolina, May 11, 1861. He was educated 
in private schools, at the age of fourteen entered 
the Findley High School at Lenoir in Caldwell 
County, and in 1877 enrolled as a student in Da- 
vidson College. After completing his junior year 
he left college on account of ill health and soon 
afterward found practical employment under his 
father in the Carolina Cotton Mills near Graham. 
His father was a very forceful and practical 
business man and possessed imusual wisdom in 
dealing with his sons. One of his characteristics 
was exemplifying the principle that all work is 
honorable, and in accordance with this principle 
he set tasks for his sons at hard labor in the 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



9 



garden and at the mill, and Edwin Holt spent 
many hours and days in occupations which some 
sons of wealthy men would have deemed menial 
and beneath them. 

Having served his apprenticeship in the cotton 
mill industry, Edwin C. Holt in 1887, with his 
brother Walter L., built the Elmira Cotton Mills 
in Burlington. This was a successful institution 
from the beginning, and the brothers, acting npon 
advice from their father, reinvested the profits 
in extensive enlargements and additions. In 1893 
these two brothers built the Lakeside Mills, near 
the Elmira Mills. In 189.5 they built the Holt- 
Morgan Mills at Fayetteville. The two brothers 
were very close partners in their various enter- 
prises and in the course of years built up indus- 
tries which represented working capital and 
surplus of over $1,000,000. 

Until 1895 Edwin C. Holt had his home and his 
chief activities in his native county of Alamance. 
In the latter year, recognizing the gi'eat natural 
advantages at Wilmington in the matter of cheap 
raw material and advantageous freight rates, 
Edwin C. Holt built the Delgado Mills in that 
city. These were splendidly equipped and added 
a great deal to the industrial prosperity of the 
city. The imjiortant business interests of Mr. 
Holt's later years have been represented as presi- 
dent of the Delgado Mills at Wilmington, president 
of the Lakeside Mills, vice president and manager 
of the Elmira Mills, vice president of the Holt- 
Morgan Mills at Fayetteville, director of the 
People's S.avings Bank at Wilmington, director of 
the Commercial National Bank at Charlotte. At 
the death of his father he was made chainnan of 
the examining board of the Commercial National 
Bank of Charlotte. 

One of the forces which have actuated and im- 
pelled him during much of his business and per- 
sonal career has been an ambition to l^e worthy 
of his father in integrity and manliness, and this 
ambition has been reflected and has brought results 
not only in many sturdy enterprises, but in a 
kindly humanitarian helpfulness and a looking out 
for the interests and welfare of the hundreds of 
individuals and families who get their living from 
the industries controlled and directed by him. 

For three years Mr. Holt served as captain of 
the Burlington Lieht Infantry. He is a Royal 
Arch and Knight Templar Mason, and a member 
and deacon of the Presbyterian Church. Con- 
cerning his persona] character for trutlifulness 
and fidelity, a biographer once told the following 
story as an illustration: "The late Governor 
Thomas M. Holt on one occasion, while engaged in 
the consideration of a serious and embarrassing 
business problem, tried to find the truth of a cer- 
tain situation. Some one remarked that Ed Holt 
said that a certain fact was true; the governor 
spoke with an expression of evident relief: "That 
settles the question ; if Ed Holt says it is so, it is 
true. ' ' 

He has had a congenial home life. April 19, 
189.'!, he married Dolores Delgado Stevens, daugh- 
ter of Bishop Peter Faysoux Stevens, of Charles- 
ton. South Carolina, and a granddaughter of 
Bishop William Capers, of South Carolina. They 
have one daughter, Dolores Stevens Holt. 

James Henry Holt, of Burlington, is one of 
the grandsons of Edwin M. Holt, ami has been 
true to the traditions and the ideals of the family 
and has kept his own career closely identified 
with the gi-eat cotton mill industry. 



He was born in Davidson County, North Caro- 
lina, October 27, 1864, a son of James Henry and 
Laura Cameron (Moore) Holt. His father was 
long distinguished as a cotton mill man and also 
a banker. The son was liberally educated, attend- 
ing high school at Lenoir, Lynch 's School at High 
Point, North Carolina, Horner's Military School, 
and the University of North Carolina. He served 
his apprenticeship as a cotton manufacturer at 
Glencoe Mills and is now vice-president of that 
industry, one of the largest comprised within the 
Holt interests. In 1890 he built the Windsor Cot- 
ton Mills at Burlington. For years he has been 
secretary and treasurer of the Elmira mills and 
is now vice president, is secretary and treasurer 
of the Lakeside mills, is president of the Alamance 
Loan and Trust Bank and has other business 
interests too numerous to mention. 

Mr. Holt has always been deeply interested in 
military matters. His service was witli the Third 
Eegiment, North Carolina National Guard. He 
was lieutenant, later captain, of Company F, and 
during the Spanish-American war lie undertook 
to raise a company for one of the state volunteer 
regiments, but found the quota filled, and while 
he thus did not have the satisfaction of leading 
a company in that brief war, he gladly turned 
over his recruits to another reg^iment. During 
the administration of Governor Carr he served on 
the governor's staff as aid de camp with the 
rank of colonel. Mr. Holt is a vestryman of the 
Episcopal Church at Burlington. February 27, 
1901, he married Olive Joyner, daughter of Charles 
G. and Sarah (Parish) Joyner, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. Her family is a prominent one of Balti- 
more and her father was a wholesale merchant 
there. Mr. and Mrs. Holt have one child, Mar- 
garet Elizabeth. 

Robert Lacy Holt, of Burlington, hardly needs 
any identification as one of the prominent figures 
in the cotton mill industry of North Carolina, but 
it is appropriate to indicate his relationship to the 
family in general by saying that he is fourth son 
of the late James Henry Holt of Burlington, who 
in turn was one of the sons of Edwin M. Holt, 
founder of the historic Alamance Cotton Mills and 
one of the greatest figures in the industrial life of 
the South. 

Robert Lacy Holt was born at Thomasville in 
Davidson County, North Carolina, January 7, 1867. 
He received his early advantages at Graham, at- 
tended Horner's School at Oxford, and from there 
entered the State University. At the end of two 
years his eagerness to enter the business world 
made him dissatisfied with the quiet routine of 
university life, and, returning home, was permitted 
by his father to enter the office of the Glencoe 
Cotton Mills, of which his father was then man- 
ager. His father was keenly interested in his 
developing talents and gave him every opportunity 
to assume larger responsibilities and he very soon 
put him in as general manager of the Carolina 
Cotton Mills, and with that institution he laid 
the basis of his wonderful success as a cotton man- 
ufacturer. 

For many years he was closely associated with 
his brother J. H. Holt, Jr. In 1890 they built the 
Windsor Cotton Mills at Burlington, and for many 
years these were operated by R. L. and J. H. 
Holt, Jr. Robert L. Holt in the meantime gave 
much of his attention to the duties as active man- 
ager of the Glencoe Cotton Mills, and at the death 
of his father was put in active charge and had the 



10 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



entire management of the Glencoe, Alamance, Caro- 
lina and Elmira Cotton Mills. AH of these mills 
prospered and improved, but in 1902, having ae- 
qxiired the majority of stock in the Glencoe Mills, 
he resigned his management of other mills to give 
all his time to the Glencoe property. Those mills 
have since more than doubled in size and capacity, 
and are recognized as one of the most complete 
and efficient cotton mills of the state. 

The secret of his success as a cotton mill execu- 
tive is found in the words of a biographer, who 
says: "Mr. Holt is a good exemplification of the 
maxim, ' absolute accurate knowledge is power. ' 
He knows the cotton business, not with an un- 
certain, wavering kind of knowledge, but abso- 
lutely. He has made it a special study, and the 
writer has been frequently struck, when hearing 
the figures of cotton production, acreage, and the 
like under discussion, to see the absokite accuracy 
of Mr. Holt 's knowledge. With this accurate in- 
formation always at his command, and with the 
training that has come from his years in the cotton 
Ijusiness, it is no wonder he succeeds. It would 
be the wonder were it otherwise. ' ' 

While so much of his time in recent years has 
been given to the management of the Glencoe Cot- 
ton Mills, Mr. Holt has also been a director of the 
Alamance Loan and Trust Company, the largest 
bank in the county, in the Elmira and Lakeside 
Cotton Mills, and is president of the Home Insur- 
ance Company of Greensboro. Public ofBce has 
never been of his seeking, though he has reudered 
splendid service to the cause of the democratic 
party. Only once did he aijpear as a factor in 
practical politics, in 1904, when he went as a dele- 
gate from his district to the national convention. 
In a public way he has served as a director of the 
Western Hospital for the Insane at Morganton 
and chairman of the Highway Commission of Ala- 
mance County, but through the prosperous and 
wise management of large business interests has 
Tjeen contributing his biggest and best service to 
state and community. 

Even his recreations represent a degree of pro- 
ductiveness which many men would regard as a 
successful independent business. Mr. Holt has 
for many years been one of the largest land owners 
in Alamance County, and the lands constituting 
his farm have been conducted on a scale that is at 
once business like and a source of example and 
encouragement to the general agricultural and 
stock husbandry interests of the state. His farms 
around Glencoe Mills have been stocked with 
blooded hogs, sheep and cattle, and he developed a 
Iierd of registered Devons probably unexcelled in 
the state. Mr. Holt 's country home, at which 
many of his friends have had delightful enter- 
tainment, is widely known as ' ' Fort Snug. ' ' He 
has always been a lover of fine horses, and has 
owned some animals that have made more than 
local records on the lace course. Of the dealings 
with his fellow men some one has said that, like 
'his honorable father, he " is a man to whom others 
instinctively turn in a time of trouble, certain that 
they will find in him a friend. He does charity, 
but one must learn of it from the outspoken 
gratitude of the recipients, because in this, again 
like his father, he is secret, gaining his reward 
from his personal knowledge of the good done. ' ' 

Lynn Banks Holt is one of the oldest surviv- 
ing members of a family that might with eminent 
fitness be regarded as the cornerstone of Xorth 



Carolina's greatness and prosperity as a cotton 
manufacturing state. He is sixth among the sons 
of Edwin M. Holt, founder of the old Alamance 
Cotton Mill at Burlington. The history of other 
memljers of the family is told elsewhere. 

Lynn Banks Holt was born near Graham in 
Alamance County June 28, 1842. His life ahnost 
to the age of nineteen was spent without special 
incident and alternating between a home of solid 
comfort and the advantages of some of the best 
schools of North Carolina. He attended Prof. 
Alexander Wilson 's School at Hawfield and in 
1859 entered the Military Academy near Hillsboro 
conducted by Col. C. C. Tew. While these institu- 
tions gave him a thorough discipline of mind he 
was getting the equivalent of what is in modern 
times known as vocational training by work 
under his father 's eye in the cotton mill. From 
the roaitine and studies of Hillsboro Miltary 
Academy he responded to the tocsin of war at 
the bombardment of Fort Sumter and enlisted 
as a private in the Orange Guards. His experi- 
ence in drill resulted in his appointment as drill 
master in a company of the Sixth Regiment com- 
manded by Colonel Fisher. He was with that 
regiment in Virginia until after the battle of 
Manassas. October 20, 1861, he was appointed 
second lieutenant in Company I, Eighth Regi- 
ment, North Carolina State Troops, commanded by 
Colonel Shaw. From that time forward lie was a 
member of Clingman 's famous brigade, and later 
was made first lieutenant of his company. He was 
in the battle of Roanoke Island, was stationed at 
Charleston during the spring and summer of 1863, 
and is one of the last survivors of that famous 
defense of Battery Wagner. Later he was with 
liis regiment in the capture of Plymouth, in the 
battle of Drury 's Bluff, which saved Richmond 
from the army of Butler, and was with Hoke at 
Cold Harbor. After Cold Harbor, when General 
Grant changed his plan of attack and launched his 
blow against Petersburg, Lieutenant Holt was one 
of the defenders wlio turned aside that blow, and 
in the battle of that day he was wounded in the 
face and has ever since carried the scar. On 
September 29, 1864, he again commanded his com- 
pany in the assault on Fort Harrison. The histor- 
ian of Clingman 's Brigade states that about a 
third of those in the charge were either killed 
or wounded. ' ' Among the wounded and captured 
were Capt. William H. S. Burgwyn and First 
Lieut. L. Banks Holt, commanding Company I, 
Eighth Regiment. Lieutenant Holt was shot 
through the thigh and the bone fractured, entail- 
ing a long and painful recovery. He was con- 
fined at Fort Delaware jirison until released in 
June, I860." It thus fell to his lot to lead his 
company in one of the most terrific assaults of 
the entire war, but that was only the crowning 
achievement of a record filled with constant hero- 
ism and fidelity to the cause which he loved and 
for which he sacrificed so much. 

.June 16, 1865, on being released from Fort 
Delaware, he set out for home and undismayed by 
the general devastation that met his eyes and 
that presented a picture of almost complete 
economic overthrow throughout the South, he ac- 
cepted the inevitable and went to work in the old 
Alamance cotton mills under his father. More 
than half a century has passed since then and 
every one of those fifty years has its story of 
achievement, industrial advancement and new and 
large contributions to the fame of the Holt family 
and to the prosperity of tlie South in general. 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



11 



Mr. L. Banks Holt has been one of the most 
prominent among the various Holts in the upbuild- 
ing of cotton mills and other industries of North 
Carolina. Individually he has been owner, director 
or stockholder in a number of cotton miUs, and is 
sole owner and proprietor of the Oneida Mills at 
Graham, one of the largest individual cotton mills 
in the South, is owner of the Bellemont Cotton 
Mills at Graham, the Carolina Cotton Mills and 
the Alamance Cotton Mills. All these mills are 
now incorporated under the name of L. Banks 
Holt Manufacturing Company. The ownership 
of the Alamance Mills involves a great sentimen- 
tal value, since it is in effect the parent of all 
the cotton mills of the Holt family and almost 
of the cotton mill industry of the state. 

Among other important business interests that 
have taken his time and ability in recent years, 
Mr. Holt is president of the E. M. Holt Plaid 
Mills of Burlington ; a stockholder in the Mineola 
Cotton Mills at Giljsonrille, and the Morehead 
Cotton Mills, is a stockholder in the Commercial 
Bank of Cliarlotte and a stockhohler in the Bank 
of ^\Jamance in his home town. He is alsS) a stock- 
holder in the North Carolina Railway Company. 

For years Mr. Holt has been an elder and a 
faithful member of the Presbyterian Cliurch at 
Graham. He is a sincere Cliristian and has ex- 
em|ilified his faith by practical devotion to the 
welfare of humanity and by a full sense of stew- 
ardship as the owner and proprietor of a large 
individual estate. Politically he is a democrat, 
but public life has had no attractions for him 
and he has done his part to the state and nation 
through the activities of the various industries 
which he has managed so fruitfully and well. 

Mr. Holt was one of the prime movers in the 
graded schools at Graham, his home town, and 
started the library fund with a donation of $1,000 
in conjunction with the school. 

October 26, 186.5, soon after his return home 
from the war, Mr. Holt married Miss Mary C. 
Mebane. Her father was Hon. Giles Mebane of 
Caswell. To their marriage were born eight chil- 
dren, five of whom lived to middle age. 

L.\WRENCE Sn.\CKLEFORD HoLT. With North 
Carolina the home of more cotton mills and in- 
dustries than any other state in the Union, there 
is every valid reason why a large number of the 
prominent business men mentioned in these pages 
are owners, managers, and department officials of 
this industry. In the case of Lawrence Shackle- 
ford Holt, of Burlington, it is not sufficient to 
refer to him indiscriminatingly as a highly suc- 
cessful cotton mill owner. His relation to this 
primary industry of North Carolina is a more im- 
portant one than as a director and operator of 
mills and all the resources and personnel that 
go with them. 

Mr. Holt has apparently been guided by unusual- 
ly high ideals and a powerful and fundamental 
sense of stewardship, so that his attitude has not 
been strictly regulated in the rigid caste of the 
owner and employer. He has for years recognized 
the vital interest that the workers have in in- 
dustry and that the mill owner has higher inter- 
ests than merely to see that the processes of his 
industry are mechanically perfect and efficient, and 
that with the payment of standard wages the par- 
ticipation of the employer in the life and welfare 
of his employes ceases. 

Por all his other varied interests and material 
achievements the distinction which means most 



among the people at large and which will be long- 
est associated with Mr. Holt is that he was the 
first maniifacturer iu the South voluntarily to 
shorten the hours of labor. The first step he took 
in this direction was iu 1886, and the second in 
1902. The particular facts in the matter are told 
in a sketch which was written of Mr. Holt several 
years ago, as follows : ' ' He was the first person 
in tlie South to pay the wages of his employes in 
cash. This system was inaugurated by him short- 
Iv after he started the Bellemont Mills and was 
soon after adopted by other mills, which had up to 
that time paid off in barter and store accounts. 
He was the first manufacturer in the South to 
''orten tlie hours of labor from twelve to eleven 
hours a day, and this schedule, inaugurated at the 
Aurora Mills on September 6, 1886, was soon after 
adopted by other mills. In 1902 the Aurora Mills 
made a further reduction of from eleven to ten 
hours a day, and it was the first of the mills of 
the South to inaugurate this schedule. Thus it 
may be said that Mr. Holt was twice first in re- 
ducing the hours of labor of the thousands of 
cotton mill operatives in the South." 

In his career he has justified an->old fashioned 
phrase of being the great son of a great father. 
The originator of so much that has been distinc- 
tive in the cotton mill industry of the South, 
and tlie founder of tlie famous old Alamance Mill 
at Burlington was his honored father, Edwin M. 
Holt, whose career and achievements are repre- 
sented elsewhere in these pages. 

Lawrence Chackleford Holt was the youngest 
son of Edwin M. and Emily (Parish) Holt, and 
was born at the old homestead of his father 
at Locust Grove in Alamance County, May 17, 
18.51. His early training and education was re- 
ceived in a celebrated school conducted by Alex- 
ander Wilson at Melville in Alamance County, and 
afterwards in the Horner Military School at Ox- 
ford under Professor J. H. Horner .and one year 
in Davidson College. It was the earnest wish of 
his father that he would complete a college career, 
but his eagerness to get into business life caused 
him to leave school in 1869 and go to Charlotte and 
take the management of a wholesale grocery busi- 
ness owned by his father. While at Charlotte, 
recognizing the needs of the city for increased 
banking facilities, he brought about in 1874, with 
the assistance of his father and brothers, the or- 
."■nnization of the Commercial National Bank of 
Charlotte. The majority of the capital stock of 
this well known institution has always been held 
by the Holt family. It is a bank that has long 
stood first on the honor roll of national banks 
in Notth Carolina, with a capital stock of $.500,- 
000 and a surplus of more than $2.50,000. 
Lawrence S. Holt was a director in this bank 
for many years, though his other interests finally 
made it necessary to resign any part or role as an 
active director. 

In 1873 he received from his father a fifth in- 
terest in the Alamance and the Carolina Cotton 
mills, and from that time forward he was actively 
identified with the cotton mill industry. He assist- 
ed in managing and operating the Alamance aJid 
Carolina Cotton Mills until 1879. Then, with his 
brother, L. Banks Holt, he built the Bellemont 
Cotton Mills at Bellemont, located accessible to a 
water power on the Alamance River about two 
miles south of the old Alamance Mills. This was 
his first individual undertaking of importance in 
the cotton mill industry. He displayed at that 



12 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



time much of the broad ability which has ever 
sinc-e characterized him, and was his own archi- 
tect, engineer and contractor at the erection of 
the mills, which was successful from the very 
start. He finally sold his interests to his brother 
L. Banks Holt. 

In 188.S he organized and built the E. M. Holt 
Plaid Mills at Burlington, and cau.sed these mills 
to lie named in honor of his father. He was 
president of the company and had as active man- 
ager of the mills for many years his brother-in- 
law, William A. Erwin, who accjuired much of that 
training and ex]3prience which has since made him 
eminent in the cotton mill industry of the South 
while with the Holt Plaid Mills. 

In 1884 Mr. Holt with his brother L. Banks 
Holt and his brother-in-law, John Q. Gant bought 
the Altamaliaw Cotton Mills on Haw River, about 
six miles north of Elon College. This small plant 
was greatly enlarged and for many years has been 
a highly efficient and profitable mill, now con- 
ducted ijy the Holt, Gant & Holt Cotton Manufac- 
turing Company. In 1885 Mr. Holt bought the 
Lafayette Cotton Mills at Burlington, then a bank- 
rupt institution, and he changed them to the 
Aurora Cotton Mills and put them in the front 
rank of cotton mills of the state, their special 
fame over the dry goods field being due to the cel- 
ebrated Aurora plaids. 

On October 1, 189fi, Mr. Holt admitted to part- 
nership, with him his two oldest sons, Erwin Allen 
and Eugene, while on October 1, 190.5, his young- 
est son, Lawrence S., Jr., also became a partner. 
These sons were brought into the active manage- 
ment of Mr. Holt 's various cotton mill interests, 
and through them he was gradually able to retire 
from the heavier responsibilities of executive di- 
rection. The firm thus established was Lawrence 
S. Holt & Sons. In 1905 this company bought 
the Hiawatha Cotton Mills at Gibsonville, North 
Carolina, and after extensive changes and new 
ecpiinment in the plant the name was changed to 
the Gem Cotton Mills. Mr. Holt still remains as 
senior member of the Lawrence S. Holt & Son, but 
more and move in passing years has shifted the 
burden of active management of affairs to his 
sons and the leisure thus created has been used 
by him to attend to many private interests, in 
indulgence in philanthropy and especially in ex- 
tended travel. He and his family have been all 
over North America and have toured Europe and 
Oriental countries several times. Mr. Holt is one 
of the incorporators and a director of the Durham 
& Soutliern Railway Company, was for a number of 
years a director and active in financial atfairs of 
the North Carolina Railway Company, and is in- 
terested in a numlier of the leading indu.stries of 
the state besides those specifically mentioned. 

A character portrait of Mr. Holt was drawn by 
a eomnetent biographer a few years ago in the 
following words: 

"Lawrence S. Holt is a distinct personality. 
There is an impression given to the observer of 
mental and physical vigor and strength. He is a 
positive character, active, alert and progressive. 
His whole being is vibrant with dominant energy, 
sound judgment and splendid business acumen. 
He has a genius for doing well and promptly all 
that he undertakes, is exact, systematic and far- 
seeing, and every enterprise planned by him has 
without exception been successful. Like his father, 
he has a keen sense of humor and greatly enjoys 
a good anecdote. Painstaking and unsparing of 



his strength and intellect, he exjiects from all 
others tlie same unswerving attention and devo- 
tion to duty which is present in him to such a 
great extent. While exacting, he is not a hard 
taskmaster, because he never believes in doing any- 
thing which is unnecessary. He has often said 
tliat 'the groans of creation are enough without 
adding t/i them. ' He has always abhorred waste, 
destruction, idleness and improvidence, and en- 
couraged and commended thrift, economy and good 
management. He believes in keeping everything 
up to the highest possible degree of efficiency 
and has accomplished this as much by his own 
example as by his splendid management, for per- 
sons associated with him who did not properly 
take advantage of their opportunities or realize 
their responsibilities were soon made to feel 
asliamed by the example set before them in their 
liead. He is an ideally devoted husband and father, 
never sparing himself fatigue or hardship that he 
might lavish on those he loves the best that life 
can atford. As a loyal and generous son of the 
church hg has given without ostentation or pub- 
iicity freely and cheerfully to the support of her 
various institutions. Any one really deserving 
could always rely upon him as a friend who would 
advise them wisely and without prejudice, and the 
number of persons to whom he has lent financial 
aid is legion. He has a profound reverence and 
respect for both of his parents, to whom he refers 
as the most wonderful couple he ever knew. ' ' 

Mr. Holt has always frankly given credit to the 
devotion, sympathy, help and good example of 
his wife as a source of constant help and inspira- 
tion to him at all times. Mrs. Holt before her 
marriage was Margaret Locke Erwin. They were 
married April 2, 1872. She is a daughter of 
Col. Joseph J. and Elvira (Holt) Erwin, of Belle- 
\'ue, near Morganton, North Carolina. After his 
marriage Mr. Holt became a member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, and was chiefly instru- 
mental in the erection and subsequent mainte- 
nance of St. Athanasins Church at Burlington, of 
which he was for years a vestryman. 

Mr. and Mrs. Holt 's oldest daughter, Emily 
Farish, died in 1882, at the age of five and a half 
years. The six living children are Erwin Allen, 
Eugene, Margaret Erwin, Florence E. Lawrence 
S., Jr., and Bertha Harper. Concerning his sons 
and their successful positions in life more partic- 
ular reference is made on other pages. 

Erwin Allen Holt, son of Lawrence and Mar- 
garet Locke Erwin Holt, was born near Morganton 
in Burke County, North Carolina, November 11, 
187.3. He was educated in private schools and the 
Episcopal High School at Alexandria, Virginia, in 
the Franklin School at Washington, District of 
Columbia, and in the Raveneroft School of Ashe- 
ville. North Carolina. He grew up in the atmos- 
]ihere of cotton mills and as member of a family 
with a particular mission in the cotton mill in- 
dustry of the South. He recognized his vocations 
and the opportunities presented him by his father, 
who as the sons came to majority prepared places 
for them in his business. He entered business 
September 12, 1892, in the office of the E. M. Holt 
Plaid Mill. Burlington, North Carolina. On Octo- 
ber 1, 189fi, Erwin A. Holt was admitted to part- 
nership in the firm of Lawrence S. Holt & Sons and 
had already gained considerable practical experi- 
ence in the family business in the Aurora Cotton 
Mills. As member of this firm he has had a part 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



13 



in the management of its various interests, includ- 
ing the Gem Cotton Mills of Gibsonville, North 
Carolina, also interested in the Sevier Cotton Mills 
at Kings Mountain, the Holt, Gant & Holt Cotton 
Manufacturing Company at Altamahaw, and is a 
director in tliese various industries. 

Mr. Holt is an Episcopalian and of the broadest 
type and has been a vestryman since 1S92 and 
senior warden since 1901. On June 16, 1903, he 
married Mary Warren Davis, of Ealeigh. Mr. 
Holt is an amateur student of history and has done 
much to encourage interest in some of those scenes 
and events which in North Carolina have not re- 
ceived the appreciation they deserve. He has been 
especially interested in what is called by some 
"the first battle of the Revolution," otherwise 
known as the battle of Alamance, fought near Bur- 
lington, North Carolina, May 16, 1771, between 
the Regulators or Carolina Patriots and an over- 
whelming force of British under the command of 
Governor Tryon. 

Mr. Holt is an independent and state democrat, 
but always a stanch supporter of Roosevelt, and 
especially in 1912, and was a delegate to the 
National Convention in Chicago in 1916 which 
nominated Roosevelt. When Roosevelt declined 
Mr. Holt turned his support to Wilson. 

Eugene Holt was born in Alamance County 
at the residence of his grandfather, Edwin M. 
Holt, on August 31, 187.5. He is the son of 
Lawrence S. and Margaret Locke (Erwin) Holt. 
He was educated under private tutors, in schools 
at Washington, D. C, Episcopal High School 
near Alexandria, Virginia,' and Ravencroft High 
School, Asheville, North Carolina. 

On July 1, 1893, he went to work under his 
father and on October 1, 1896, was admitted to 
partnership in the firm of Lawrence S. Holt 
& Sons. He has been active in the management 
of this firm, who owns the Aurora Cotton Mills, 
Burlington, North Carolina, and Gem Cotton 
Mills, Gibsonville, North Carolina, He is also 
secretary and treasurer of the Sevier Cotton 
Mills Company, Kings Mountain, North Carolina. 

Mr. Holt has been identified with the building 
up of Burlington, his home town, ami his county, 
having served as alderman, member of various 
commissions, and school board trustees. He is 
a member of the Episcopal Church. 

On Qptober 25, 1895, he was married to Miss 
Edna Barnes, daughter of Lemuel Franklin and 
Annie (Ball) Barnes, of Richmond, Virginia. 
They have one child, Anne Erwin Holt. 

Lawrence Schackleford Holt, Jr., youngest 
son of the eminent North Carolinian whose name 
he bears, was born at Burlington, North Carolina, 
November 19, 1883. Carefully reared and edu- 
cated, he attended public schools, Horner's Mili- 
tary Institute, and graduated from the University 
of North Carolina with the class of 1904. Turn- 
ing his mind to the serious work of life, he was 
employed as clerk in his father's cotton manufac- 
turing business, and on October 1, 1905, was ad- 
mitted to a partnership in the firm of Lawrence S. 
Holt & Sons, an organization in which he has 
since borne a share of executive responsibilities. 
He is a director of the Aurora Cotton Mills and 
the Gem Cotton Mills, is president of the Sevier 
Cotton Mills at Kings Mountain, vice president of 
the Holt. Gant & Holt Cotton Manufacturing Com- 
pany at Altamahaw, and is a director of the Erwin 



Yarn Agency, Incorporated, at Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. From March, 1911, to December 1, 1913, 
Mr. Holt was a resident of Norfolk, Virginia, 
living in that city in order the better to attend 
to his duties as secretary and treasurer of the 
Union Cotton Bagging Corporation. Since 1913 
he has resumed his residence at Burlington. 

December 5, 1905, he married Elizabeth S. Bill, 
of Spencer, Virginia. She died March 4, 1909. 
On April 2, 1913, he married Elizabeth Lacy 
Chambers, of Charlotte, North Carolina. 

James Nathaniel Williamson. A busy and 
fruitful life has been that of James Nathaniel 
Williamson, who when little more than a boy bore 
arms bravely and faithfully as a soldier and oflBcer 
in the Confederate army, after the war took up 
cotton manufacture, was associated with some of 
the most prominent cotton mill men in the state, 
and also combined therewith extensive interests 
as a mercliant and farmer. His home during the 
greater part of his mature years has been at 
Graham in Alamance County. 

He was born at Locust Hill in Caswell County, 
North Carolina, March 6, 1842. His father, 
Thomas Williamson, owned several large planta- 
tions and conducted a store. He never held any 
public office beyond that of magistrate of his 
county, but by his business integrity and private 
virtues lie became a man widely known and well 
deserving of the admiration and veneration paid 
him by his famOy and friends. He was an in- 
timate friend of such eminent men as Chief Justice 
Ruffin, Hon. Calvin Graves and Hon. Bedford 
Brown. A source of inspiration to .lames Na- 
thaniel Williamson in his career was a desire to 
emulate his father, concerning whom he came to 
know largely through his mother and his father's 
friends, since he was a boy of only six when 
his father died. 

His early career and edm'ation were largely 
directed by his mother, who possessed many at- 
tainments, both intellectually and spiritually. Her 
maiden name w'as Frances Panel Banks Farish. 
She was of Scotch-Irish descent, and related to 
the Banks and Farish families of Virginia. Her 
mother, Frances Banks, was a sister of Hon. Lynn 
Banks, who for five years was speaker of the 
House of Delegates in Virginia and then .served 
his state in Congress from 1838 until his death 
in 1842. 

James Nathaniel Williamson owed more than 
he could ever calculate to the influence and teach- 
ing's of his mother. He found it a pleasure as 
well as a duty to assist her in the work of the 
home and farm. His father had expressly desired 
that his son should be thoroughly educated and 
that met exactly with the ambition and plans of 
the mother. James N. Williamson was ,a jnipil 
in the preparatory school conducted by Dr. Alex- 
ander Wilson in Alamance County. That was one 
of the best institutions in the state at the time. 
Doctor Wilson 's report of young Williamson was : 
' ' He is among the best in his classes. ' ' From the 
preparatory school he entered Davidson College. 

On May 13, 1861, at the age of nineteen, Mr. 
Williamson enlisted as a private in Company A 
of the Third Regiment, North Carolina Volunteers. 
This was the first company raised in Caswell 
County. The colonel of the regiment was W. D. 
Pender, whose bravery and efficiency as a soldier 
and officer brought him eventually to rank as a 
major general in the Confederate army. After a 



14 



HISTOKY OF XOKTH CAROLINA 



time the Third Eegiment was assigned as the 
Thirteenth Begiment, and for a considerable part 
of its service was in Pender 's Brigade. James K. 
Williamson was a soldier four years, sharing all 
the hardships of his comrades in his company of 
this regiment. He participated in nearly all the 
great battles wliich made the names of Jackson 
and Lee famous in the annals of warfare. He 
was promoted to lieutenant in September, 1862, 
and at ChancellorsvUle was wounded on the second 
day. He was also wounded at Gettysburg and at 
the Wilderness, and at the conclusion of the 
latter battle was promoted to the rank of first 
lieutenant. He was with Lee in the trenches about 
Petersburg, and was captain of his company when 
paroled at Appomattox. 

The family fortunes had suffered grievously dur- 
ing the period of the war, and when the veteran 
soldier returned home there was no thought to be 
taken of further schooling and he courageously 
faced the necessity of strenuous work in rehabili- 
tating the old farm. This old plantation in Cas- 
well County represented little more than the bare 
land at the close of the war. For about two 
years after returning, home Captain Williamson 
employed himself with the greatest of zeal and 
industry to farming. In the meantime he married, 
and at the suggestion of his wife's father, E. M. 
Holt, Mr. Williamson became a partner with the 
five sons of Mr. Holt in conducting the Alamance 
Cotton Mills under the firm name of E. M. Holt 's 
Sons. Mr. Williamson had already considered the 
possibilities of a career as a manufacturer, and he 
readUy accepted what seemed and proved to be 
an excellent opportunity to become associated with 
men of experience and such high standing as the 
Holts. 

In 1867 he removed to Alamance County, and 
while supervising his farming operations in Cas- 
well County took up his new duties as a partner 
in the firm. The Alamance Cotton Mills continued 
to grow and prosper and the business was after- 
wards extended by the construction of the Caro- 
lina Cotton Mills on the Haw Eiver near Graham. 
These mills when finished were put under the 
management of the Holt Brothers and Mr. Wil- 
liamson. For fifteen years these men shared the 
responsibilities of the management and conducted 
the mills under the name J. H. and W. E. Holt 
& Company. From the time the Carolina Cotton 
Mills were put in operation Mr. Williamson had 
his home at the Town of Graham. 

Subsequently he built the Ossipee Cotton Mills 
in Alamance County, and managed and operated 
them under the firm name of James N. Williamson 
& Sons. Eventually his sons William H. and James 
K". assumed the burdens of active management of 
the institution. Soon after the construction of 
the Ossipee Mills, Mr. Williamson and his son 
William H., under the name James N. and Wil- 
liam H. Williamson erected the Pilot Cotton Mills 
at Ealeigh, and this son has had the active man- 
agement of the mills from the beginning. 

Thus the name James N. Williamson has become 
widely known throughout the State of North Caro- 
lina among cotton mill owners and manufacturers, 
and he came to a notable position in an industrv 
which has employed the resources and abilities 
of many of the ablest men of the state and of a 
large part of the working population. It has been 
through the wise and efficient and careful adminis- 
tration of his affairs that he has rendered real 
service to the public and through his business he 



has benefited the state and the community by 
much of that public spirit and earnestness which 
some other men devote to formal public affairs 
and public office. Mr. Williamson never eared to- 
hold public office. 

On September 5, 1865, James X. Williamson 
married Mary E. Holt, daughter of Edwin M. 
Holt of Alamance County. They became the 
parents of the following children: William Holt, 
who married Sadie Tucker, daughter of Maj. R. S. 
Tucker of Ealeigh: Ada V., who died in 1898, 
the wife of O. H. Foster, of Ealeigh: James N., 
Jr., elsewhere referred to: and Mary Blaneli, wife- 
of J. Harrison Spencer, of Martinsville, Virginia. 

James N. Williamson, Jr., son of James Na- 
thaniel Williamson, the old soldier and cotton 
manufacturer whose career has been reviewed on 
other pages, has successfully developed those pri- 
mary interests and opportunities which were 
afforded him by his father as a successful cotton 
mill man, and for years has been one of the busi- 
ness builders and upholders of prosperity in Ala- 
mance County. 

He was born at Graham, Alamance County, Jan- 
uary 28, 1872. Other pages supply detailed in- 
formation concerning his family and ancestry. H& 
owed much both to inheritance and training ac- 
quired from his parents. Like many boys, he had 
a practical turn of mind and took naturally to the 
mechanics and the technical processes of cotton 
manufacture, his father 's cotton mills furnishing 
a splendid environment for the development of his 
intelligence and his intellectual curiosity. While 
reared in one of the substantial and even wealthy 
families, luxurious ease was no part of his youth- 
ful habits and practices. He found plenty to 
Aq and was constantly inspired Ijy his energy and 
talent and ambition to accomplish something worth 
while. Like his father, he was fond of outdoor 
sports and has always been a lover of and a 
good judge of horses. 

His father and mother sought for him the very 
best of educational opportunities. When he was 
twelve years old he entered Pantops Academy near 
Charlottesville, Virginia, where he remained a stu- 
dent sevei'al years and made himself popular 
among his associates and teachers as well as mak- 
ing a good record for scholarship. One important 
source of his disciplined mind was the Bingham- 
Military School, then located at Mebane, where 
his formal literary studies were combined with 
military regulations and training. From the Bing- 
ham School he entered the L'niversity of North 
Carolina, but did not remain t-o graduate, coming 
out of university to take his work in the prac- 
tical industry of cotton manufacture. 

In 1894 he went to work under his father at the 
Ossipee Mills. Three years later he was admitted 
to the firm of James N. Williamson & Sons. He 
soon became secretary and treasurer and general' 
manager of the Ossipee Mills. In all the processes 
surrounding cotton manufacturing, from the de- 
tailed technique of the mills to the larger prob- 
lems connected with industrial management. Mr. 
Williamson has for a mimber of years been a 
recognized master, authority and expert. 

Soon after the PUot Mills were erected at 
Ealeigh he bought from his father a fourth in- 
terest in the mills and became vice president of 
them and also president of the Hopedale Mills at 
Burlington. A number of years he has also been 
director of the Alamance Loan and Trust Com- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



15 



paiiy at Burliugton and of the American Trust 
Company of Cliarlotte. 

The career of such an active and public spirited 
business man as Mr. Williamson is a source of 
benefit and service to the public even though not 
an item could be recorded of participation in 
politics or the holding of a single office. He has 
done mucli to advance those matters in Alamance 
County Tvliieh bring tangible results of good and 
benefit to all classes of citizens. He has been 
especially identified with the good roads movement 
in his home county and throughout the state. In 
politics he is independent and non-partisan, and 
that is indicated in the fact that he regards as 
the greatest presidents of the la.st lialf century 
Grover Cleveland and Theodore Roosevelt. The 
Williamsini family for generations have been ac- 
tive Presbyterians and Mr. Williamson himself was 
reared in that faith. But his wife was aji Epis- 
copalian, and in order that one faith might govern 
the household he united with that church and has 
given much time to church and its affairs and 
has served as a member of the vestry in the Bur- 
lington Church. 

Business aside, Mr. Williamson's first and last 
thought is his home and f.amily. He lias enjoyed 
an ideal home life. November 9, 1898, he married 
Miss Mary Archer Saunders, daughter of a wealthy 
and influential citizen of Richmond, Virginia, the 
late E. A. Saunders. Mr. and Mrs.. Williamson 
have three children, James Saunders Williamson, 
Mary Archer WOliamson and Edwin Holt Wil- 
liamson. 

Ce:asar Cone. When North Carolina erects 
its Pantheon of great men — and great women, 
too — somewhere among the founders of the com- 
monwealth, the warriors and statesmen, jurists 
and law makers, agriculturists, business men and 
manufacturers, a special place of dignity will be 
apportioned to the late Ceasar Cone, cotton mer- 
chant and manufacturer of national and inter- 
national fame. 

When Ceasar Cone died on March 1, 1917, the 
importance of the man himself, his place in the 
business world, and his position in the affairs of 
the country were all so important that the Asso- 
ciated Press dispatches bore the news of his 
death to the great daily papers in all the cities 
of the United States, and the report quickly 
spread beyond the confines of this country. In 
a comparatively brief life he had established his 
name, his firm's name, the names of his mills, 
and the reputation of his product beyond all local 
limits or limitations. 

It was because of this high national standing 
that the Wool and Cotton Reporter, the nation 
journal devoted to the textile industries of 
America, published a special issue containing an 
appreciation of Mr. Cone's career and character 
and a description of the monumental industries 
which he had built up in and axound Greens- 
boro. It is from the columns of this journal 
that most of the facts here noted are obtained. 

There are many great names in cotton manu- 
facturing. These include family names that have 
become so firmly established in the textile trade 
that cities are similarly named. There has never 
been a family that has become more prominent 
in the production of cotton goods, the financing 
of cotton mills, and the distribution of the textile 
mill products than has that of Cone. Ceasar 
Cone's co-worker for a great many years was 



his older brother, Moses Cone, and the names of 
these two brothers will always be linked together. 
Everyone with a knowledge of the industry im- 
mediately thinks ckf Ceasar Cone as equally great 
in finance, manufacture and merchandising, and 
because of his pre-eminence in these several 
branches he towered above or as the equal of 
any individual name that adorns the annals of 
cotton manufacturing. 

Ceasar Cone was born April 22, 18.59, at .Jones- 
boro, Tennessee, and was not yet fifty-eight years 
of age when he died at his home in Greensboro. 
His father, Herman Cone, came from Bavaria, 
Germany, to America in 1845, at the age of 
eighteen. He began his life here with only fifty 
cents in capital. In 1870 he removed his family 
to Baltimore and estalilished a wholesale grocery 
business, which in 1878 became the firm of H. 
Cone & Sons. Herman Cone married Helen Gug- 
genhcimer, who was also from Bavaria. Many 
of her fine traits of character were inherited by 
Ceasar Cone. 

Ceasar Cone attended the public schools of Bal- 
timore to the age of foi'rteen. That completed his 
education. He then went to work with a Balti- 
more firm of stationers. It is said that he never 
ileparted from the methods and precepts incul- 
cated during his tender years. The paternal les- 
son was rigid honesty, rigid economy, and rigid 
observance of every obligation. The life of 
Ceasar Cone was a complete exemplification of 
these principles. He represented a family of suc- 
cessful men and women. Besides his older 
brother, Moses, he was survived by four brothers 
at Greensboro, Sol, Julius W., Bernard M. and 
Clarence N., and by two other brothers at Balti- 
more, Dr. Sidney M. and Fred W. His three 
sisters were: Dr. Claribel Cone and Miss Etta 
Cone, of Baltimore, and Mrs. M. D. Long, of 
Ashe^•ille. North Carolina. 

In 1890 the old and successful firm of H. 
Cone & Sons, wholesale grocers of Baltimore, was 
dissolved. Both Moses and Ceasar Cone had been 
members of the firm. Through its connections 
they had obtained an accurate knowledge of the 
conditions and resources of the South. Planning 
to develop these resources, they organized the 
Cone Export and Commission Company for the 
handling of cotton goods. This put them in close 
touch with the cotton mills, and finally brought 
them into the manufacturing field. As manu- 
facturers they began vrith a small mill of only 
a few looms. Removing to Greensboro, the Cone 
brothers acquired several hundred acres of land 
adjoining the corporate limits and there in 1895- 
96 erected the mills of the Proximity Manufac- 
turing Company. The dominant ideal in the 
organization of the company was the manufac- 
ture of a class of goods not made in the South 
prior to 1896. Starting vrith 240 looms, in less 
than ten years the company enlarged its capital 
stock and built another mammoth plant known 
a' the Whit^ Oak Mill, which is the largest cot- 
ton mill in the South and the largest denim 
manufacturing plant in the world. The Proxim- 
ity and White Oak mills contain 3,600 looms and 
employ 2,500 people. Mr. Ceasar Cone was 
actively associated with his brother, Moses, in 
the establishment of the White Oak, Proximity 
and Revolution cotton mills. At the death of 
Moses Cone the business burdens of the Cone 
Export and Commission Company fell upon the 
shoulders of the younger brother, and when he 



16 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



in turn answered the call of death, the great 
Cone industries were left to the administrative 
skill and experience of his brothers, Bernard and 
Julius, and his oldest son, Herman Cone. 

Estimating his place in southern cotton manu- 
facturing, a writer m the Wool and Cotton Be- 
porter said: " Ceasar Cone was the largest denim 
manufacturer in tJie world. It has been currently 
reported that one-third of all the denims of the 
world are manufactured in the Wliite Oak, Prox- 
imity and Revolution Mills at Greensboro. . . . 
Ceasar Cone was a salesman, a merchant. Per- 
haps his greatest work was not his manufactur- 
ing plants, extensive though they were, but his 
merchandising projects. The Cone Export and 
Commission Company has been of great value 
not only to southern mills but to the industry 
as a whole. A considerable number of cotton 
mills not owned and not controlled by the Cone 
family merchandise their goods through the Cone 
commission house. To a very large extent, the 
outside mills who sell through this commission 
house depended upon the Cone Export and Com- 
mission Company for many years, and upon 
Ceasar Cone himself to a very great extent, not 
only for the distribution of their products but 
for the financing of their mills, for the money 
with which raw materials were purchased, for 
the money that met the pay roll on every pay 
day. No commission house has ever attained a 
higher reputation than this one, not only in the 
trade and with its competitors but with the finan- 
cial authorities of downtown New York. And 
the policy of the Cone Commission House was 
the policy of Ceasar Cone. Its merchandising 
activities and ability, its fuianeial guidance, its 
ethics, all rested upon him. ' ' 

The late Ceasar Cone expressed the best ele- 
ments of his life and character in his devotion 
to his great mills at Greensboro and to the gen- 
eral civic welfare of that community. He served 
as president of the Greensboro Chamber of Com- 
merce, president of the American Cotton Manu- 
facturers Association, and he and his family 
were identified with practically every large wel- 
fare movement in the city. His brother, Moses 
Cone, gave a large portion of his estate to build 
a hospital at Greensboro. One of the last acts 
of Ceasar Cone was offering a large sum to be 
used for the proposed Guilford County Tubercu- 
losis Sanitarium. 

Many writers have commented upon the exten- 
sive welfare program planned and carried out in 
the mill villages of the great Cone Mills. The 
proper point of view in regarding the material 
and social conditions prevaUing in these mill vil- 
lages is not how far they measure up to the most 
ideal theoretical standard, but how far they 
bring the inhabitants above the plane of exist- 
ence in moral and physical comforts which the 
people had enjoyed before they became factors 
in the mill communities. It has been pomtea 
out and is a well-known fact that most of th^ 
manufacturing centers of the South are recruited 
from the poor and backward hill sections, where 
the people representing an undiluted strain of 
Anglo-Saxon stock have lived for generations out 
of touch with modern schools, religious privileges, 
and most of those comforts and attractions 
which go to make up the wholesomeness of Amer- 
ican life. 

A writer describing the welfare work of the 
Cone mill villages says: "The manufacturers 



with whom C<?asar Cone was always a leader fur- 
nished the place to work and a fair profit in 
wages, furnished comfortable homes in which 
the operatives lived, supplied the schools in 
which the children are educated, saw to it that 
the school teachers were efficient, supplied the 
churches and preachers according to the religious 
trend of the mill workers, furnished the mill hos- 
pital so that the mill village doctors could sat- 
isfactorily take care of the health of the workers' 
families. In fact, these manufacturers have 
made it a part of their business to insure more 
than a living to the men and women who are 
working with them. The Cone mills at Greens- 
boro are not typical of the industry — they are 
larger and better and more profitable than the 
average. The mill villages and the advantages 
of mill village life at Greensboro are not typical 
of the textile manufacturing industry. The cot- 
tages are better than the average; so are the 
educational and health and living conditions. In 
the villages at the Proximity and White Oak and 
Eevolution cotton mills there are perhajis 8,000 
or 9,000 people who are whoUy dependent upon 
the past and present and future work in these 
Cone mills for their livelihood, the education of 
their children, for the savings that will take care 
of them in their declining years — in fact, for all, 
their financial, social and religious advantages. ' ' 

One of Ceasar Cone 's last public appearances 
was as one of the principal speakers on the pro- 
gram of the St. Louis convention of the Na- 
tional Association of Garment Manufacturers in 
the fall of 1916. A more concise description of 
his high standing in the textile industries it would 
be difficult to imagine that the brief sentences the 
president of the convention used in introducing 
Mr. Cone. He said : " It is my privilege and great 
pleasure to introduce to you a gentleman known 
■personally to many of you and by reputation to 
all of us. This gentleman stands so highly in 
his profession that he speaks with that authority 
that one who knows always commands. Long 
years of fair dealing and fair play have made this 
gentleman dear to many of us. I may say that 
all of us stand ready at all times to render unto 
Ceasar that which is Ceasar 's. It is with pleasure 
that I introduce Mr. Ceasar Cone of America. ' ' 

In 1894 Mr. Cone married Miss Jeanette Siegel, 
a lady of rare gifts and attainments, who survives 
him. They had three sons: Herman, Benjamin 
and Ceasar Cone. 

Moses H. Cone. The career of the late Moses 
H. Cone was so intimately associated with that 
of his brother Ceasar Cone in the building and 
operation of the great mills around Greensboro 
that no special comment on his business achieve- 
ments is required to supplement what is said in 
the sketch of his brother published elsewhere. The 
following paragraph is a brief recital of the main 
facts of his personal history. 

He was born at Jonesboro. Tennessee, son of 
Herman and Helen (Guggenheimer) Cone, both 
of whom were natives of Bavaria. He was one 
of thirteen children and acquired a fair education 
in his youth, and was identified with his father 
in the wholesale grocery business at Baltimore for 
a number of years. In 1890 he was the primary 
factor in organizing the Cone Export and Commis- 
sion Company, which made contracts with many 
of the largest cotton mills in the South to handle 
their products. In 1895 Moses Cone and his 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



17 



brother Ceasar bought large tracts of land adja- 
cent to Greensboro and successively erected the 
Proximity, Revolution and White Oak Mills. He 
and Ms brother alsol put into operation the 
Southern Finishing MUl, the first institution of its 
kind in the South. Incidentally it may be stated 
that through the operations of these brothers 
Greensboro took a new lease of industrial pros- 
perity and from that time forward its strides as 
a southern industrial center have taken it to a 
foremost position among the cities of North 
Carolina. 

Though never a resident of Greensboro, Moses 
Cone was well known in the city and his work and 
influence have been vital factors in the state as a 
whole. About 1900 he bought a large tract of land 
near Blowing Rock, and tliere built the palatial 
home which he loved so well and which was the 
scene of his last days. The Blowing Rock estate 
is a wonderfully interesting place and under his 
direction large areas of vineyard and orchard were 
developed. In that home Moses H. Cone died De- 
cember 8, 1908. He married Bertha Lindau, who 
survives him. 

Thomas Henry Briggs. The character of the 
men of a community may be correctly gauged by 
the standing of its business houses whose growth 
has been stimulated by intelligent and progressive 
methods, or held back by lack of proper develop- 
ment. No city can attain its highest standard 
lacking the oo-operation of its citizens in all lines 
in giving honest service for value received. The 
real progressive and helpful men of a community 
may be counted upon to promulgate and support 
worthy measures looking toward the securing for 
their community of solid improvements; they are 
to be found actively engaged in church labors; they 
give a solidity to commercial organizations, and 
when the need arises contribute liberally toward 
charities. Judging from all these standards, the 
City of Raleigh is fortunate in the possession of 
such sterling citizens as Thomas Henry Briggs, 
who has been identified with the commercial life 
of the city since 1870, and who, during his long 
career, has labored faithfully in church move- 
ments, has maintained a high standard in his 
commercial relations, and has consistently and 
continuously worked in behalf of better education, 
better morality and better citizenship. 

Mr. Briggs belongs to one of the oldest families 
of Raleigh, his grandparents, John Joyner and 
Elizabeth (Utley) Briggs. having been among the 
founders of the city in 1792. He was born Septem- 
ber 9, 1847, and is the eldest soit of Thomas Henry 
and Evelina (Norwood) Briggs, and secured good 
educational advantages in his youth, attending the 
celebrated school of Mrs. James P. Taylor, Love- 
.ioy Academy and Wake Forest College, from which 
he was graduated in 1870. In that year began his 
connection with the commercial life of Raleigh, an 
association that has continued throughout a 
period of more than forty-eight years. Mr. Briggs 
has been engaged in the wholesale and retail 
hardware business and interested in various other 
industrial, commercial and financial enterprises of 
the community, and at the jiresent time is a direc- 
tor in the Commercial National Bank, of which he 
was one of the organizers, and the Wake County 
Savings Bank. 

As a supporter of the cause of education, Mr. 
Briggs has served as school committeeman for 
Raleigh Township as trustee for the Agricultural 



and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, at 
Greensboro, North Carolina, during the adminis- 
tration of Governor Elias Carr, and for twenty- 
five years as treasurer of Wake Forest College. On 
his resignation from the last-named position he was 
elected a member of the board of trustees of that 
institution, and still holds that position. He is 
also president of the board of directors of the 
Raleigh Cemetery Association. John Joyner 
Briggs was one of the organizers of the First Bap- 
tist Church of Raleigh, hence Thomas Henry 
Briggs is the third generation of the family in 
this church, whose successive pastors have had no 
hesitancy in calling upon him for aid in forwara- 
ing the work of the organization. He is otherwise 
closely identified with the religious life of the city 
and with mission interests, both home and foreign, 
and is recognized as one of the state 's leading 
Sunday school workers, his efforts being directed 
particularly in the training of boys and youths. 
Mr. Briggs is known and honored in the commun- 
ity as a man above reproach, of integrity and of 
high Christian character. 

On October 21, 1874, Mr. Briggs was married to 
Miss Sarah Grandy, daughter of Willis Sawyer and 
Elizabeth (Ferebee) Grandy, then living at Oxford, 
North Carolina. 

Thomas Walter Bickett. In every state and 
country friends of enlightened progress in politics, 
those who are prayerfully and hopefully looking 
and struggling for the light while occasionally 
admitting doutjt and cynicism over ineptitude and 
selfishness, must find encouragement in what has 
been achieved so far during the administration of 
Thomas Walter Bickett as governor of North Caro- 
lina. While it is too soon to measure and estimate 
ultimate effects and results, it can be confidently 
asserted that as a rational program now in progress 
of fulfillment no state in the Union can present 
a record that is more completely an expression of 
political wisdom and practical idealism. 

Since he became governor, Mr. Bickett has 
truly demonstrated leadership which leads. While 
at every point it has been democratic leadership. 
He has compelled attention and has gained support 
for his proposals through the cogency of clear and 
sincere presentation. It may be ventured that no 
public paper relating to the state of affairs in 
North Carolina has been more widely read and 
will be more frequently referred to in the years 
to come than the inaugural address of Governor 
Bickett. It is a wonderful appeal to the spirit of 
progress, to constructive co-operative endeavor and 
to that unselfishness which makes the interest of 
the many superior to the interest of the few. It 
would be no disparagement of those who loyally 
co-operated with Governor Bickett in carrying out 
his plans to assert that the clear and forceful man- 
ner in which he presented the different items of his 
program quickened and vitalized popular support 
all over the state, so that the results in formal 
legislation were almost inevitable. Someone has 
well said that Governor Bickett 's inaugural address 
delivered in January, 1917, was his platform, and 
that in January, 1918, though he had been in of- 
fice only a year the address had become his record. 

Considered either as literary or as a political 
document the most notable feature of the inaugural 
address was the specific and direct language in 
which the various propositions were outlined, and 
the almost total absence of generalization and 
rhetoric. The address falls into two parts. The 



18 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



first is an outline of nine measures, all directed 
to the improvement of rural life: Assisting the 
tenant to become a landlord by eonstitutional 
amendment exempting taxation notes and mort- 
gages given for the purchase price of a home; the 
conserving of fertility and the regeneration of the 
soil; legislation to relieve the farmer of the evils 
of the crop lien; development of the water powers 
of the state ; establishment and extension of rural 
telephone systems; making the schoolhouse the so- 
cial as well as the educational center of rural com- 
munities; maintenance as well as construction of 
good highways; constitutional amendment requir- 
ing a fixed school term throughout the state; and 
incorporation of rural communities. Governor 
Biekett in addition to these nine measures urged 
a uniform system school administration both in 
counties and for the state at large. On the subject 
of manufacturing his proposals were three in 
number : A reasonable minimum requirement that 
manufacturers should provide for the convenience 
and comfort of mill operatives; permission to 
combination by manufacturers for advancement of 
trade; and industrial and technical education in 
manufacturing districts. Other proposals were for 
a commission to submit a comprehensive plan of 
taxation, for the enlargement of the scope of work 
and adequate appropriations for the state board 
of health; provision for absentee voting; limita- 
tion of state officers to two successive terms and 
of county officers to three successive terms; urging 
the wisdom of the short ballot; consolidation of 
boards of management for state hospitals; central- 
ized management of the state agricultural depart- 
ment and tlie College of Agriculture; and modi- 
fications and reforms of state prison management. 

It will now be in order to notice briefly how 
Governor Biekett 's suggestions were enacted into 
law by General Assembly of 1917. A brief sum- 
mary of the specific acts is as follows: 

The act submitting a eonstitutional amendment 
calling for a six months' instead of a four months' 
public school term. The act follows the declara- 
tion in the governor's inaugural address that "the 
childi-en are entitled to have the voter east a single 
ballot, whether he is or is not in favor of a 
larger opportunity for the child. ' ' 

The act submitting a constitutional amendment 
exempting from taxation, notes and mortgages 
given in good faith for the purchase price of a 
home. The purpose of this act is to bring the 
money in reach of every homesteader. 

The crop lien act designed to give the small 
farmer a chance to ' ' break out of jail. ' ' 

The act providing for the teaching of the basic 
principles of good farming in every rural public 
school. The machinery of this act is well adapted 
to serve its purpose. 

The act to encourage the instaUation of run- 
ning water, electric lights, telephones in country 
homes and communities by furnishing expert ad- 
vice and assistance free of cost. 

The act to make the schoolhouse a social center 
and to jirovide for wholesome entertainment in 
country sehoolhouses that will be both constructive 
and relaxing. 

The act providing for the medical inspection 
of all children who attend the public schools that 
physical defects may be discovered and corrected 
in their incipiency. 

The act providing for the incorporation of rural 
communities to the end that thickly settled com- 
munities in the country may take such steps for 



tlieir own betterment as they think wise and 
proper. 

Tlie act forbidding the sale of the advertise- 
ment for sale of medicines purporting to cure 
incurable diseases and forbidding the sale of me- 
chanical device for the treatment of disease when 
the state board of health may declare such device 
to be without curative value. 

The act providing for the improvement of high- 
ways by expenditure of automobile tax for this 
purpose under the direction of the state highway 
commission. 

Tlie act that permits and regulates absentee 
voting. 

The appointment of a state tax commission to 
investigate and report a comprehensive system of 
taxation to the next General Assembly. 

The act consolidating the management of the 
three hospitals for the insane and establishing a 
purchasing agency for the seven state institutions. 

The act limiting the time for which a convict 
may be sent to a chain gang to five years. The 
recommendation of the governor was for two years, 
but owing to the inadequacy of quarters at the 
state prison the time was made five years for the 
present. 

The act authorizing the construction of modern 
sanitary quarters for the convicts on the state 
farm. 

The Turner bill, whicli fulfills the recommenda- 
tion of the governor in that part of his inaugural 
address in which he says : "I am convinced that 
the only justification for tlie punishment of crime 
is the protection of the public and the reformation 
of the criminal. Anything that savors of vin- 
(lictiveness is indefensible in the administration 
of the law. When the state sends a citizen to 
prison he ought to be made to feel that his punish- 
ment is a just measure imposed for the purpose of 
preventing himself and others from committing 
further crimes, and that pending his imprisonment 
the State desires to afford him every opportunity 
to become a good citizen." 

Governor Biekett has proved as fearless and 
progressive in his purely administrative and execu- 
tive functions as in promoting a liberal and well 
rounded legislative program. One example only 
can be considered here. It was a matter which 
attracted attention beyond the borders of the 
state, and was made the subject of an article by 
a writer in The Survey. It told how Governor 
Biekett exercised his executive clemency in writ- 
ing out pardons for six boys, whose average age 
was a little more than twelve years, who had each 
been convicted for some criminal offense and the 
sentences ranging from fifteen years to a life term 
in the penitentiary. In doing this he was acting 
upon the principles that he enunciated in his 
inaugural and at the same time was overturning 
]irecedents and setting new ones, and was revers- 
ing the will and decision of the state courts. 
While Governor Biekett accepts and approved the 
partisan system of democratic government, is hirh- 
self a party man, it is true that he has as little 
partisanship in the narrow personal sense as any 
man who has ever been governor of "North Caro- 
lina. He is proud of what has been accomplished 
during his term, and yet the credit for all those 
varied achievements he generously assigns to the 
state administration as a whole in which he is 
merely the executive head. The spirit of this is 
well indicated in an article which he gave to the 
public press reviewing the work of the General 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



19 



Assembly of 1917 and as his personal impression 
of the results wliieli have already been outlined 
it has its appropriate place in this article : 

' ' The finest commentary on the General As- 
sembly of 1917, will be found in tlie simplest state- 
ment of its record. The outstanding feature of 
that record is that it deals entirely with industrial, 
social and educational problems. Only in a nega- 
tive way did the Assembly touch the domain of 
politics. The big, constructive measures were con- 
sidered in patriotic fashion, and it is due the 
members of the minority party to say that on these 
questions they refrained from playing politics and 
gave vote and voice to the support of what they 
conceived to be the highest good. 

' ' The record discloses that the Assembly recog- 
nized two fundamental principles : 

"1. That every citizen is entitled to a fair 
chance to make his bread. 

"2. That a high grade citizenship cannot live 
by bread alone. 

' ' The constitutional amendment exempting home- 
stead notes from taxation, the crop lien law regu- 
lating the penalty imposed on poverty for its in- 
ability to pay cash for supplies, the act providing 
for tlie teaching of the fundamentals of good farm- 
ing in every country school, the law providing for 
medical inspection of school children so as to 
discover physical defects in their incipieney, the 
act to protect the citizen from being defrauded by 
the sale of nostrums for incurable diseases, the 
establishment of the home and school for cripples, 
the state wide quarantine law, this law providing 
rural sanitation were all designed and are calcu- 
lated to aid the citizen in the world old battle for 
bread. They deal largely with the physical neces- 
sities of men, but in addition to their commercial 
value they are shot through with the spirit of 
humanitarianism. 

"On the other hand the eoustitutioual amend- 
ment calling for a six instead of a four months' 
scliool, the act authorizing the incorporation of 
rural communities, tlie liberal appropriation for 
moonlight schools, the expansion of the work of 
rural libraries, the act providing for a system of 
state highways, the act to encourage the installa- 
tion of running water and electric lights and tele- 
phones in country homes, the appropriation to 
relieve the loneliness of country life by giving 
wholesome, instructive and entertaining exhibitions 
in country school houses, the establishment of the 
home for delinquent women, the creation of the 
State Board of general welfare and public char- 
ities, the special act for the building of a new 
home for the blind, the three million dollar bond 
issue to encourage the building of better school 
houses in the country, and to provide adequate 
quarters and equipment for our educational and 
cliaritable institutions, all recognize the truth that 
man cannot live by bread alone, but requires for 
liis jiroper devcloiiment the enrichment of his social 
and intellectual life. 

' ' In addition to these measures that so vitally 
touch the life of the people, the administration of 
the State's affairs were placed upon a more in- 
telligent and humane basis by the prison reform 
bill, the consolidation of the three hospitals for 
the insane under a single management, the act to 
establish a new and modern system of accounting 
in the State departments and institutions, the law 
creating an educational commission to consider the 
entire school system of the state, the act providing 
for a State Board to examine teachers and conduct 



educational institutes, the creation of a sub-com- 
mission to devise an equitable system of taxation, 
and the law eliminating unnecessary and cumber- 
some reports of State departments. 

"I do not have before me any list of the acts 
of the General Assembly, and I may have omitted 
some important measures in this outline. But in 
the record above given there will be found twenty- 
one separate and distinct acts of dealing with new 
subjects or old subjects in a new way. And the 
fine thing about the record is that not one of the 
acts named was written in a spirit of hostility 
to jiersons or property, but every one of them rep- 
resents a proper conception of ]uiblic service. The 
General Assembly made scant use of the hatchet, 
but was very busy with the trowel, the hammer 
and the saw. In the early days of the session 
there was considerable lost motion and there were 
a few grave errors of omission, but the record in 
its entirety reveals the Legislator of 1917 as a 
'workman tliat needeth not to be ashamed.' " 

It now remains to review briefly the career of 
tliis honored public servant of North Carolina, 
whose earlier years well justified the record he 
has made in the office of governor. Thomas Walter 
Bickett was born in Monroe, North Carolina, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1869, a son of T. W. and Mary A. 
(Covington) Bickett. When he was thirteen years 
of age his father died, and as tlie oldest of four 
children he had heavy responsibilities and in pro- 
viding for tlieir support he acquired much of the 
self-reliance and the sturdy manhood which have 
always distinguished him. lie attended the Monroe 
Higli Seliool, and in 1886 entered Wake Forest 
College. He paid his way through school, and 
at the same time was one of the leaders in col- 
lege life, gaining honors as a debater, winning a 
wealth of school associations and lasting friend- 
ships, and graduating A. B. with the class of 1890. 
Then followed a period of teaching, principally in 
the graded scliools of Winston-Salem until 1892. 
He liad spent the vacations studying law in the 
office of his uncle, D. A. Covington, and in the 
fall of 1892 entered the University Law School. 
Receiving his license to practice in February, 
1893, he spent 1% years at Danbury, and since 
.January, 1895, his home has lieen at Louisburg in 
Franklin County. In his practice there he was 
soon noted as a leader of the bar, a man of ade- 
quate scholarship, of splendid resourcefulness both 
in learning and in wit, and witli an integrity of 
character tliat caused his clients to trust implicitly 
in his judgment. 

While during the years that followed he steadily 
liuilt up a reputation as a lawyer and became well 
known to the members of the state bar, he gave all 
his time to his profession and never consented to 
lie a figure in polities until 1907, when he was 
elected a member of the Legislature. He was 
elected by a majority of 17.50, and after taking his 
seat distinguished himself as an able advocate of 
some of the measures of special importance to 
the state. As chairman of the Committee on 
Insane Asylums he introduced and secured the 
passage of what is known as the Bickett Bill, ap- 
propriating a half million dollars for the purchase 
of land and construction of buildings to take 
care of the insane and other classes of the state's 
unfortunate. That was the largest appropriation 
voted by the General Assembly for a single pur- 
jiose in an entire decade. He also advocated a 
iiill to regulate lobbying, and worked for the 
establishment of the East Carolina Teachers 



20 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Training School and the establishment of a 
school of t-eehnology in some cotton mill center. 

As a delegate to the Charlotte Convention of 
1908 Mr. Bickett iirst became a figure of state 
wide prominence. His nominating speech for 
Col. Ashley Home for governor made him so 
conspicuous that he in turn was nominated for 
the office of attorney general, and during the fol- 
lowing campaign he did much to draw together 
the various factions in his own party and con- 
tributed much to the success of the ticket. He 
was elected attorney general and began his of- 
ficial duties in January, 1909. In 1912 he was 
reelected, for the term expiring in 1916. 

His record of service has been particularly 
scrutinized by the people of North Carolina dur- 
ing the last year or so, when his candidacy was 
urged on all sides for the office of governor to 
succeed Mr. Craig. His record as attorney 
general is one of special interest. Besides acting 
as adviser to every department of the state 
government, he argued upwards of 400 cases before 
the Supreme Court of North Carolina, and repre- 
sented the state before the Federal Court within 
the state, the Commerce Court and the Interstate 
Commerce Commission and the Supreme Court at 
Washington, and it is said that every ease argued 
by him before a federal tribunal was won for the 
state. A reference to his work as attorney 
general is found in an editorial of the Raleigh 
News and Observer of November 11, 191.5, which 
says : ' ' The record of Attorney General Thomas 
W. Bickett before the United States Supreme 
Court is one of which he can well be proud. Since 
coming into the high office which he holds he has 
had occasion to argue five different cases before 
the Supreme Court as the guardian of the state 's 
legal rights, and he has won every one of them. 
The Tennessee-North Carolina boundary ease, 
which was decided Monday in favor of North 
Carolina, being the latest one to claim public at- 
tention. Mr. Bickett besides being one of our 
most finished public speakers is also one of the 
state 's astute lawyers, capable of profound and 
patient study, with a keenly analytical mind and 
with the faculty of engaging and illuminating 
expression." 

A gracefully expressed tribute such as few men 
can deserve was that which appeared in the annual 
publication for 1915 of Wake Forest College, and 
which is dedicated to Mr. Bickett as follows: 
"To Thomas Walter Bickett, Class 1890. On 
every level of a brilliant career, student, teacher, 
lawyer, attorney general, standing in the midst of 
a host of friends. ' ' 

Every successive st-age of his career has demon- 
strated him a man of proficiency, adequate for 
the duties and responsibilities of the time, and 
fitting himself for a new and larger life that was 
to succeed. Therefore when on November 5, 
1916, the people of North Carolina were called 
upon to express their choice of a citizen to fill 
the office of governor, there was no question of 
fitness and only a generous outburst of confidence 
and trust in a man who had proved worthy at 
every test, Mr, Bickett was elected governor of 
North Carolina on the democratic ticket by over 
48,000 majority. He was inaugurated governor 
on January 1, 1917, 

Mr, Bickett is a member of the Masonic order 
and of the Episcopal Church, On November 29, 
1898, he married Miss Fannie Yarborough, a 
woman of rare attainments and fine character, and 



devoted to their home and to his advancement as 
a public leader. They have one child, 

Pl.^tt DrcKiN-sON Walker, For thirteen Tears 
the learning and integrity of Piatt Dickinson Wal- 
ker has been read into the decisions of the North 
Carolina Supreme Court, He is one of North 
Carolina's most distinguished lawyers and jurists 
and a man who has succeeded in translating the 
high ideals of the profession into practical service 
for good in his community and state. 

He was born in Wilmington, North Carolina, 
a son of Thomas D. and Mary Vance Dickinson 
Walker, and has lived in North Carolina practically 
all his life. He received his early education in 
George W. Jewett 's School at Wilmington and in 
James H. Horner's School at Oxford, North Caro- 
lina. He then entered the University of North 
Carolina, being a member of the class of 1869, but 
finished his collegiate course at the University of 
Virginia, where he had as preceptors in his legal 
studies the noted Prof. John B. Minor and Profes- 
sor Southall. Graduating LL. B. in 1869, he was 
admitted to practice in North Carolina by the 
Supreme Court at the June term of 1870*. In 
that year he located at Eockingham, and was in 
practice with the late Walter L. Steele, who after- 
wards represented a North Carolina District in 
Congress. While living there he represented 
T?ichmond County in the General Assembly in 1874- 

In 1876 Judge Walker moved to Charlotte, and 
was associated in partnership with Hon. Clement 
Dowd, who was afterwards a congressman, and in 
November, 1880, became a jiartner with Hon. 
Armistead Burwell, who afterwards was honored 
with a seat on the Supreme Bench. In 1892 he 
formed a partnership with E. T. Cansler. From 
Mecklenburg County Judge Walker was called to 
Raleigh as associate justice of the Supreme Court, 
beginning his first terra January 1, 1903, and his 
second term January 1, 1911. 

In 1899 Judge Walker served as the first presi- 
dent of the North Carolina Bar Association. He 
is a trustee of the University of North Carolina, 
which in 1908 honored him with the degree of 
LL. D., and he holds a similar degree from David- 
son College conferred in 190.3. Judge Walker is a 
member of the Episcopal Church. He has been 
twice married. June 5, 1878, at Reidsville, North 
Carolina he married Miss Henrietta Settle Coving- 
ton, On June 8, 1910, he married Miss Alma Locke 
Mordecai. Judge Walker still retains his residence 
at Charlotte. He is a member of the American 
Bar Association and now holds the office in that 
association of vice president for this state. 

Hon. Locke Cr.\ig. Governor of North Caro- 
lina from 1913 to 1917, Locke Craig has long 
ranked as one of the state 's foremost orators, a 
man of commanding influence in public affairs, 
and until he took the governor 's chair had spent 
twenty years in the practice of law. 

Governor Craig was born in Bertie County, 
North Carolina, August 16, 1860, a son of Andrew 
Murdoek and Clarissa Rebecca (Gillam") Craig. 
He "represents one of the old Colonial families, his 
paternal ancestor, William Craig, having come 
from his native Scotland, first to Ireland and then 
to America in 1749, This ancestor settled in 
Orange County, North Carolina, 

It was the good fortune of Locke Craig to 
spend his early years on a farm. The leanings 




^/f^Jh^^-^^-^^^^-^'^^ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



21 



of bis ambitions and his talents brought him to 
a professional career. In 1880 he graduated with 
honor from the University of Nortli Carolina with 
the degree A. B., and in 1883 he concluded his 
preliminary work and was admitted to the Morth 
Carolina bar. He then located at Asheville, and 
applied himself industriously to accumulating a 
practice and reputation as a lawyer. 

For years he has been recognized as a forceful 
leader of the people, and a man of unusual power 
as a public speaker. In 1892 he was presiden- 
tial elector for the then Ninth Congressional Dis- 
trict, and in 1896 was elector for the state at 
large. In the latter year he made a brilliant can- 
vass of North Carolina on behalf of William J. 
Bryan. In 1898 he was nominated for the Legis- 
lature from Buncombe County, and in that cam- 
paign proved his ability as a successful campaign- 
er by reversing the normal republican majority 
of 600 and went into office with a clear majority 
of 700. Observers of political affairs in North 
Carolina concede that the General Assembly of 
1899 was one of the ablest bodies of men ever 
gathered together as political representatives of the 
people of the state. In that Legislature Governor 
Craig was one of the leaders. He was one of the 
foremost in proposing a state suffrage amend- 
ment to the constitution. In 1900 he was returned 
to the Legislature by an increased majority, and 
in the Legislature of 1903 was a prominent can- 
didate for the United States Senate, being beaten 
only after a protracted struggle. 

In 1912 Jlr. Craig was elected governor of 
North Carolina and entered upon the duties of 
his office in January, 1913. The record of his 
administration is fresh in the minds of the peo- 
ple, and while Governor Craig was noted for the 
firmness of his decisions and the many construc- 
tive measures advocated by him and carried 
through to the benefit of the state, his popularity 
was as great when he left office at the close of 
1916 as it had l)een when he was carried by the 
votes of the people into the governor's chair. 
Since the expiration of his term as governor Mr. 
Craig has resumed his residence at Asheville. 

November 18, 1891, Governor Craig married 
Annie Burgin of McDowell County, North Caro- 
lina. They are the parents of four sons: Carlyle, 
a naval officer; George Winston, an officer in the 
National Army; Arthur, also a naval officer; 
and Locke, .Jr., who was born in the governor's 
mansion in November, 1914. 

Henry Groves Connor, United States district 
judge of the Eastern District of North Carolina, 
son of David and Mary C. (Groves) Connor, was 
born at Wilmington, July 3, 18.52. He was reared 
and educated at Wilson, which is still his home. 
.Judge Connor was in active practice of the law 
from 1873 to 1885 and from 1893 to 1903. More 
than half of his active professional career has been 
spent on the bench. In 188.5 he represented his 
district in the State Senate; and in 1899 and 
1901 he served in the House of Bepresentatives, 
of which he was speaker in 1899. He was appoint- 
ed judge of the Superior Court in 1885 and served 
until 1893, when he resigned to resume the practice 
of the law. In 1902 he was elected an associate 
justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. 
From that office, although a democrat, he was 
appointed by President AVilliam Howard Taft to 
the United States District Bench for the Eastern 
District on June 1, 1909. He is a democrat and 



a member of the Episcopal Church. In 1908 the 
University of North Carolina conferred upon him 
the degree of LL. D. Judge Connor married Miss 
Kate Whitfield, of Wilson, North Carolina. They 
have had twelve children, of whom nine are living. 
George Whitfield Connor, eldest son of Henry 
Groves and Kate Whitfield Connor, was born at 
Wilson, October 24, 1873, was graduated from the 
University of North Carolina in 1892, and for five 
years was in educational work as principal of the 
Goldsboro High School and superintendent of the 
pubUe schools of Wilson. From 1897 to 1912 he 
was in business at Wilson as a merchant. From 
1905 to 1908 he served as chairman of the Board 
of Education of Wilson County. In 1912 he 
was admitted to the bar and entered upon the 
practice of the law. He served as a member of 
the House of Representatives in 1909, 1911 and 
1913, and was speaker of the House during his 
last term. In 1913 he was chosen a member of 
the Commission on Constitutional Amendments and 
in the same year was appointed judge of the 
Superior Courts of the Second District. He also 
served as a trustee of the University of North Car- 
olina from 1905 to 1909. Judge Connor is a 
democrat and a member of the Episcopal Church. 
May 30, 1894, he married Miss Bessie Hadley, 
daughter of J. C. Hadley of Wilson. They have 
liad four children, of whom two are living. 

Frank H. Vogler. Much of the business his- 
tory of Winston-Salem might be written around 
the family name Vogler. Voglers have lived in 
this part of North Carolina from pioneer times. 
They were prominent in the community of old 
Salem, long before Winston came into existence 
or before the Twin City of Winston-Salem was 
dreamed of. Frank H. Vogler has been a promi- 
nent business man of Winston-Salem for over 
thirty years, and at one time served as mayor of 
Salem. 

He was bom in the old Town of Salem. His 
father, Alexander C. Vogler, was also born at 
Salem, in 1832. The grandfather was Nathaniel 
Vogler, likewise a native of Salem. The great- 
grandfather was the founder of this branch of the 
family in North Carolina. The family history 
states that he was one of six brothers, natives of 
Germany, who, coming to America, located at 
Waldoboro in the State of Maine. One of the, 
brothers remained in Maine, and his descendants- 
are still to be found there. The other five broth- 
ers came south on a sailing vessel. The ship was 
wrecked off Cape Henry, and the brothers and 
other passengers were landed on an island. Sub- 
sequently they were picked up by another ship, 
which carried them to Wilmington. From Wilm- 
ington. the Vogler brothers made their way to the 
interior and located in that portion of the original 
Stokes County now Forsyth County, North Caro- 
lina. Whether all the five brothers had families 
is not known, but it is a fact that many descend- 
ants of the Vogler stock are still found in this 
part of North Carolina. 

Grandfather Nathaniel Vogler learned the trade- 
of gunsmith. For many years he was enp-aged in 
the manufacture of fire arms at Salem. He was 
not only a master of his trade but also took pride- 
and pains with every piece of work that left his 
shop. The rifles he made were noted for their 
ser-vicea.hleness and accuracy, and they were sold 
not only over North Carolina but in Virginia.. 



22 



HISTORY OF NORTPI CAROLINA 



Though Nathaniel Vogler owned a farm two miles 
south of Salem, he always kept his home in the 
town. He died at the age of seventy-two years. 
He married Mary Fishel. She was born at Frieds- 
liurg in Davidson County, North Carolina, where 
her parents were among the pioneers. She sur- 
vived her husband and passed away at the age of 
eighty-nine. There were nine children in tlieir 
family: Henry, Laura, wlio married William Beck, 
Julius, Martha, wlio married Edward Peterson, 
Alexander C, Mortimer N., Maria E., who for 
upwards of thirty years was a teacher in the 
Salem Academy, Regina A. and William F., both 
of whom are still living. 

Alexander C. Vogler took up another trade than 
that of his father. He served an apprenticeship 
at cabinet making, and following his apprentice- 
ship he did .iourneyman work in Macon, Georgia, 
ami Milton, North Carolina. He finally returned 
to Salem and set up in business for himself. In 
earlier years he made many articles of furniture, 
and his shop was largely a custom shop, but he 
gradually introduced a general stock of furniture. 
His first shot) was 24 by 70 feet, a frame 
building, located close to the north line of 
Salem. At that time the present site of Winston 
was a wilderness. In 18.58 Alexander Vqgler 
made undertaking a branch of his furniture busi- 
ness, and he continued actively in those lines until 
his death in 1903. Alexander Vogler married 
Antoinette Hauser. She was born in Salem, a 
daughter of William and Susanna (Shultz) 
Hauser. She died in 1906, three years after her 
husband. There were only two children, Mary 
A. and Frank H. Mary A., now deceased, was 
the wife J. F. Grouse. 

As his father was a substantial business man 
and highly respected citizen, Frank H. Vogler 
grew up in Salem and enjoyed a good home and 
liberal encouragement and advantages. He at- 
tended the Boys' School at Salem, and on leav- 
ing school became an apprentice at the cabinet- 
maker's trade. In 1888 he entered actively into 
the business with his father, and has thus earned 
on an establishment which is now one of the oldest 
if not the oldest under one continuous family own- 
ership in Winston-Salem. Mr. Frank Vogler is a 
graduate of the Cincinnati School of Embalming 
and also studied the science under E. B. Myers, of 
Springfield, Ohio, and under the noted Rewnard. 
His sons, who are now associated with him in the 
business, are graduates in embalming, the older 
having his diploma from the Rewnard School of 
Embalming of New York City. The firm is now 
Frank H. Vogler & Sons. The building in which 
their business was established nearly sixty years 
ago has since been removed to the back of the lot, 
and in front a commodious l>rick structure occupies 
the old site. There is no firm in North Carolina 
"which has a more complete equipment and facil- 
ities for rendering ex^pert and careful service than 
that of Frank H. Vogler & Sons. 

In 188.5 Mr. Vogler married Miss Dora Morton. 
She was born in Alamance County, North Carolina, 
daughter of Jacob and Nannie Morton. Mr. and 
Mrs. Vogler are the parents of four children: 
Francis Eugene, William N., Louise and Ruth A.- 
The two sous, as has already been noted, are 
actively associated with tlieir father in business 
thus making the third successive generation to 
foUow this profession at Winston-Salem. Eugene 
married Edith Witt and has a son Francis Eugene, 



.Tr. William N. married Camille Cliugman and 
has a daughter Virginia. 

Mr. and Mrs. Vogler are active members of the 
Home Moravian Church. Tliey have reared tlieir 
family in the same faith. Mr. Vogler has served 
as a member of its board of elders for several years 
and has always been active in church affairs. In 
a public way he was a member of the Board of 
Aldermen of Salem and filled the oflSce of mayor 
for four years. He is afiiliated with Salem Lodge 
No. 36, Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is 
a charter member of Salem Lodge No. 56, Knights 
of Pythias. He is also widely known in his pro- 
fession, being a member of and secretary of the 
State EmVialmers Board. He is one of tlie three 
charter members still living of the North Carolina 
State Funeral Directors' Association. 

Wksley Bethel Speas is one of the best known 
educators in Western North Carolina, and since 
1903 continuously has been county superintendent 
of schools of Forsyth County. Mr. Speas is not 
only a competent school man from a technical 
standpoint, but knows, thoroughly the people 
among whom he works. He rejiresents one of the 
oldest families of Forsyth County. Five genera- 
tions of the family have lived in this section of 
North Carolina. The ancestry begins with John 
Speas, a native of Germany, who came to America 
a young man and after a brief residence in Penn- 
sylvania came to North Carolina to join 'the Ger- 
man Colony here. He located in what is now Old 
Richmond Township in Forsyth County, and in 
what has since been called the Reid Settlement. 
He was one of the early settlers there. His chil- 
dren were named Jonathan, John, Daniel, Solomon, 
Isaac, Henry, Romulus, Peter, Kate and Elizabeth. 

The next generation was represented by Henry 
Speas, who spent his Ufe as a farmer" in Old 
Richmond Township. By his marriage to Annie 
Shore he had the following children: Levi, 
William Henry, Isaac, Samuel, Rebecca, Paulina, 
Betsy, Malinda, Mary P. and Julia. The last of 
this family was Mary, who died September 30, 
1917. She was the widow of Wade H. Bynum of 
Winston-Salem. 

William Henry Speas, grandfather of Professor 
Speas, was born in Yadkin County, North Carolina, 
in 1S18. On coming to manhood he boughc a farm 
in "\'ienna Township of Forsyth County and was 
Tni]iIoyed and interested in its management the 
rest of his life. Before the war he operated with 
slave labor. He married Sallie Hauser, a lineal 
descendant of Martin Hauser, one of the first set- 
tlers at Bethania. Both William H. Speas and his 
wife lived to a good old age. Their children 
were Wesley, Edwin, William, John Samuel, 
Junius, Mary, Ellen and Elizabeth. The four 
older sons were all Confederate soldiers, and 
Wesley and William were both wounded and died 
while in the army. 

John S. Speas, father of Professor Speas, was 
bom in Old Richmond Township, April 11, 1847, 
and during the war was a member of the Junior 
Reserve, his service being in the last year of 
hostUities. He was educated in rural schools, and 
on a tract of land given him by his father he has 
worked out an independent career as a prosperous 
agriculturist in Vienna Township. His success 
enabled him to acquire other holdings, and he has 
built up a fine farm home. John S. Speas married 



THE NE»'.' ■ 

PUBLICUM,; 



•ASTOR. L. . 
fTILDfcL>i IC'-rO' 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



23 



Mary Frances Douh, who was born in Vienna 
Township in July, 1847. Her family is also one 
of the interesting ones in Western North Carolina. 
She is descended from Rev. John Doub, a native of 
Germany who in young manhood settled in Western 
North Carolina and became the founder of Method- 
ism :n Forsyth Cbuuty. By trade lie was a tanner, 
and his tannery in what is now Vienna Township 
wa-i one of the first institutions of the kind in the 
state. The first Methodist meetings in the vicinity 
were held in his log house, and he was a lo<'al 
preacher of that church. His son Henry Doub 
was born in Forsyth County, and that was also the 
place of nativity of Elijah Doub, father of Mrs. J. 
S. Speas. John Doub reared children named 
Michael, Joseph, Henry, William Peter, Mary and 
Lethia. Henry Doub' was a lifelong farmer in 
Vienna Township, and married Betsy Ward, their 
children being Elijah, Cannon, Wesley, William, 
Nancy, Margaret, ' Mary and Elizabeth. Elijah 
Doub was also a farmer throughout his active 
career in Vienna Township. He married Lucy 
Newsom who was born in Guilford County and 
vurvived her husband until more than ninety years 
of age. Their children were named Henry, Wil- 
liam, Elizabeth J., Margaret, Mary Frances, 
Newton, Martha, Edwin and Wiley. The son 
Henry was a Confederate soldier and was killed 
at Petersburg, Virginia. 

John S. Speas and wife have reared four chil- 
dren named William Clarence, Louie Cornelia, 
Walter Henry and Wesley Bethel. The parents 
are members of the Methodist Protestant Church. 

Wesley Bethel Speas was born on a farm in 
Vienna Township of Forsyth County, November 
30, 1875. He made the best of his opportunities 
to secure a liberal education. After leaving the 
rural schools he prepared for college at Oak Hill 
Institute, and in 1897, he entered the University 
of North Carolina where he coinpleted the regular 
academic course in 1901. His first teaching was 
done in District No. 3 of Vienna. Township. The 
following year he taught in the Clemmons High 
School. He became known not only as a success- 
ful individual teacher but as an able administrator 
and a leader in educational affairs and those we^e 
the qualifications that caused the people of Forsyth 
County to choose him as county superintendent in 
190.3, "an office hj has held by re-election to the 
present time. He is now president of the Forsyth 
County Teachers' Association and is a member of 
the North Carolina County Superintendents' Asso- 
ciation. 

Mr. Speas was married in 1901 to Miss Louzana 
Long. She was born in Old Richmond Township, 
a daughter of Wiliam Henry and Martha Long. 
Two children have been born to their marriage, 
Margaret, ajid Martha Louise. Mr. and Mrs. Speas 
are members of the West End Methodist Episcopal 
Church at Winston-Salem, and fraternally he is 
afBliated with Salem Lodge No. 36, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 

John Bynum. M. D. For nearly two genera- 
tions the capable services of members of the 
Bynum family as physicians and surgeons have 
been given to the community of Winston and 
Winston-Salem. Dr. John Bynum has practiced 
there over a quarter of a century and his name is 
associated with the best attainments in the pro- 
fession and with the best of citizenship. 



Doctor Bynum, member of an old and prominent 
family of North Carolina and Virginia, was born 
on a plantation about two miles from Germanton 
in Stokes County, North Carolina. His great- 
grandfather. Gray Bynum, was a native of Vir- 
ginia, where he married Margaret Hampton. She 
was a daughter of Anthony Hampton and a sister 
of the famous Revolutionary soldier General Wade 
Hampton. Doctor Bynum 's grandfather was 
Hampton Bynum, who married Mary Martin. She 
was a daughter of Col. John Martin, a native of 
Essex County, Virginia. Col. John Martin was 
twelve years of age when about 1768 his parents 
moved to North Carolina and settled in Stokes 
County. Of Col. John Martin much has been 
written in the early annals of North Carolina. 
He was one of the conspicuous leaders of the moun- 
taineers of Western Carolina in the Revolutionary 
war. Hampton Bynum became an extensive 
planter in Stokes County, and lived there long and 
prosperously. 

Dr. Hampton Wade Bynum, father of Dr. John 
Bynum, was born on a plantation about two miles 
from the birthplace of his son John, in 1823. He 
was liberally educated and was trained for his 
profession in the Jefferson Medical College of 
Philadelphia. After graduating from that institu- 
tution he began practice in Stokes County. When 
a young man he was given by his father a planta- 
tion about two miles from Germanton, and lived 
in that country district a number of years, acquir- 
ing in the meantime an extensive practice through- 
out Stokes and Forsyth counties. He was a 
typical pioneer physician and endured innumerable 
hardships in attending to his practice. He was 
almost constantly on horseback and rode through 
all kinds of weather to the homes of the sick. In 
1869 he removed to Winston, where he was one of 
the first idiysicians to locate and was successfully 
engaged in practice there until his death in 1880. 
Dr. Hampton Wade Bynum married Mary Spease. 
She was born in Yadkin County April 1, 1828. 
Her grandfather, John Spease was a German and 
spoke only his native tongue in his own hovne and 
family circle. He was a farmer, owning and 
operating a place near the Yadkin River in what 
is now Vienna Township, Forsyth County. In that 
locality he spent his last years. Henry Spease, 
father of Mary Spease, was born in what is now 
Forsyth County, and on reaching his majority 
crossed the Yadkin River into Yadkin County and 
acquired an extensive plantation in that locality. 
He was one of the successful men of his time and 
was able to assist each of his twelve children to 
acquire a farm. Henry Spease married Anna 
Shore. This grandmother in the maternal line of 
Doctor Bynum was born in Vienna Township 
February 10, 1789, a daughter of Johan and 
Elizabeth (Beckel) Shore. Doctor Bynum 's sister 
has the baptismal certificate of this grandmother, 
Anna Shore. Her father was of German ancestry 
and a farmer in Vienna Township, where he and 
his wife spent their last years. Dr. John Bynum 's 
mother is still livin.g in Winston-Salem. She reared 
nine children: Wade, Hampton, Gray, Mary, 
Annie, John, Benjamin, Pamelia and William. 

Dr. John Bynum was educated in the public 
schools of Winston and for his medical education 
went to New York, entering the University of 
New York, where he was graduated in the medical 
department in 1892. After this preparation he 



24 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



returned to Wmston-Salem and has been continu- 
ously engaged in the duties of a large professional 
practice to the present time. 

Doctor Bynum married Miss Eva Hall, who was 
born at Wentwortli in Eoclcingham County, North 
Carolina, daughter of James and Martha Hall. 
Doctor Bynum and wife had two daughters, Mar- 
garet and Elizabeth. Doctor Bynum is an active 
member of the Forsyth County Medical Society 
and also the North Carolina State Society and 
the American Medical Association. In 1908 he was 
elected by the State Medical Society as examiner 
serving six years. 

Herman Cummings Catiness had established 
himself in successful practice at Wilkesboro soon 
after his twenty-first birthday and in his case 
youth has proved no bar to rapid advancement and 
definite achievement in the legal profession. He 
is now one of the leaders of the Wilkes County bar. 
He was born at EUerbe Springs in Richmond 
County, North Carolina, January 27, 1887. The 
family was founded in America by his great-grand- 
father, who according to the best information was 
a native of England and came to this country a 
young man. He located in Virginia. The family 
tradition is that his name was spelled Cavendish. 
His son, the grandfather of the Wilkesboro lawyer, 
changed the name to Caviness because of some 
disagreement with otlier members of the family. 
It was Grandfather Caviness who came to North 
Carolina when a young man and located in Moore 
County. He bought land about twelve or fifteen 
miles north of the present site of Pinehurst, the 
noted resort, and there ran a plantation with the 
aid of slaves. 

Dr. Isaac W. Caviness, father of Herman C, was 
born in Moore County, North Carolina, in 1855. 
For his higher education he attended the Vermont 
State University at Burlington. After graduating 
there he taught school and then took up the study 
of medicine and was graduated from Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia. During his brief 
career he practiced at Keyser in Moore County 
and was still busy in his work when deatli stayed 
his hand in December, 1887, when only thirty- 
two years of age. He married Mary Emma Cum- 
mings, who was born near Pomona in Guilford 
County, North Carolina, daughter of Enos and 
Mary (Bollinger) Cummings. Herman C. was 
their only child. The widowed mother married 
for her second husband Walter W. Mills of Greens- 
boro and had a son, Walter W., Jr. 

Herman C. Caviness was graduated from Guil- 
ford College at the early age of seventeen. His 
work in college was characterized by a keeness of 
intellect and a resourcefulness that enabled him to 
keep up with young men much older. Wlien he 
graduated from college he was ready to undertake 
the serious responsibilities of life and in June, 
1904, a few days after leaving the halls of col- 
lege he married Miss Gladys E. Benbow. Mrs. 
Caviness is a daughter of Lewis S. and Lula 
(Henderson) Benbow, who is lineally descended 
from Thomas and Mary (Carver) Benbow. Mr. 
and Mrs. Caviness have had a most happy mar- 
ried life and have a family of four children named 
Nellie, Lewis R., Merrill and Herman Cummings, 
Jr. Soon after his marriage Mr. Caviness took up 
the study of law and was graduated from the law 
department of the University of North Carolina 
in 1908. He immediately began practice at Wilkes- 
boro and his success and reputation are now as- 



sured. He is a member of the Masonic Lodge and 
he and his wife are active in the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, South. 

Fassifern, a home school for girls, which 
recently closed its tenth successful year, has 
gained and holds a place as one of the distinctive 
preparatory scliools of the South. It represents a 
happy development of a plan for giving wholesome 
mental discipline and practical instruction in an 
environment of picturesque buildings, grounds and 
landscape charm calculated to make years spent 
here abundant in happy associations and produc- 
tive of the greatest good in real culture and 
character formation. 

Fassifern was opened in October, 1907, at 
Lincolnton, North Carolina. In October, 1914,. 
the school was moved to HendersonviUe. At 
Lincolnton the number of boarding pupils was 
limited to fifteen and the total number had been 
enrolled within a month from tlie opening day. 
During the seven years in Lincolnton the number 
was increased to forty. When the seliool moved 
to Hendersonville it had sixty boarding pupils. 
The curriculum has been gradually enlarged, and 
since 1916 the school has maintained a full depart- 
ment in home economics. In the ten years of 
its existence Fassifern graduated twenty young, 
women in the full course besides various certifi- 
cate students. The first diploma was awarded in, 
1913. 

Fassifern is distinctly a standard preparatory 
school, furnishing the facilities of instruction 
and other training required to meet the require- 
ments and standards of such American women's, 
colleges as Smith and Wellesley. Fassifern is oii- 
the accredited list of the Association of Southern 
Colleges, of the University of North Carolina and 
of Smith and Wellesley and other similar schools. 
The departments for instruction include the usual 
literary and language departments, a business, 
course," and special departments in music, art and 
home economics. The school makes a specialty 
of individual work, all classes being small, and- 
the instructors and principals paying special atten- 
tion to the particular needs of each pupil. 

The school home is a stately group of colonial 
buildings standing on an eminence from which 
some of the finest topograpliy in that section of 
North Carolina is surveyed. There is every oppor- 
tunity and encouragement for wholesome outdoor 
life and recreation. It is a school where every 
vital interest is carefully safeguarded, and where- 
the best ideals of home life are upheld and 
stimulated. 

The principals of Fassifern are Miss Kate C. 
Sliipp and Mrs. Anna C. McBee, and assisting 
them are half a dozen specialists in tlieir particu- 
lar fields, in languages, music, art and domestic 
science. Miss Shipp, who has charge of the depart- 
ment of mathematics, is a woman of broad 
experience as an educator and as a school admin- 
istrator. She has a teacher's diploma from Cam- 
bridge University of England. 

David N. Dalton, M. D. The career of the- 
true physician is a life of service, a devotion to 
the well being of his fellow men such as no other 
professions require of their practitioners. One of 
the oldest and best known members of the medical 
fraternity in Forsyth County is Dr. David N. 
Dalton, who has practiced continuously at Winston 
and over the surrounding country for over 35- 
years. 




>.^, Ai£^ 



'3 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



25 



The Dalton name has many associations with 
early history in Western North Carolina. As a 
family they have been soldiers, fighters for the 
integrity of their country in times of national 
danger, and effective workers in whatever field or 
vocation they have undertaken. Doctor Dalton is 
descended from a branch of the family which was 
establislied in this country by three brothers named 
Samuel, William, and Robert, who were natives of 
Ireland and came to America in early Colonial 
days. After a brief halt in New Jersey William 
and Eobert moved to Virginia, while Samuel 
became the ancestor of the family in North 
Carolina. 

Doctor Dalton 's great-grandfather, Capt. David 
Dalton, was commander of a company in the 
Revolutionary War and was with the victorious 
armies under Washington which participated in 
the surrender of Cornwallis and his British troops 
at Yorktown. Captain David married Nancy 
Bostwick, whose father had served as a colonel in 
the same war. After the war Capt. David Dalton 
removed to North Carolina and bought land in 
what is now Stokes County. 

Absalom B. Dalton, grandfather of Doctor Dal- 
ton, was probably a native of Virginia. He acquired 
an extensive estate as a planter in Stokes County, 
North Carolina, had a number of slaves to look 
after his fields and the other work of his farm, 
and became one of the first manufacturers of 
tobacco in Stokes County, which then included 
Forsyth County. Grandfather Dalton remained in 
Stokes County until his death when aljout eighty 
years of age. He married Nancy Poindexter, 
whose brother, General Poindexter, was a promi- 
nent pioneer lawyer. Absalom Dalton and wife 
reared eight children: David Nicholas, John F., 
George, William, Gabriel, Robert F., Christina and 
Susan. 

David Nicholas Dalton was the father of 
Doctor Dalton. He was born in the locality known 
as Pine Hole in Stokes County, North Carolina, 
grew up on a farm, but in his mature manhood 
acquired many other interests and became one of 
the most prominent men of Forsyth County. After 
his marriage he bouglit a plantation near Walnut 
' Cove in Forsyth County. After two years he 
removed to the Village of Dalton, where he bought 
property and became a mercliant. He also erected 
two floiir mills, one at Dalton and the other five 
miles below tlie town. Dalton was on the stage 
route extending from Kentucky and Tennessee to 
South Carolina and Georgia. It was a noted old 
thoroughfare, and before railroads became common 
was traversed by an immense volume of trafBc, 
which, because it made slow progress, afforded 
notable opportunity to inn keepers and others 
along the route. David N. Dalton kept a stage 
station on his place at Dalton, and also built up a 
large system of what would now be called stock- 
yards. Ho had accommodations for 2,000 or more 
cattle and also yards for hogs and turkeys. In 
those days all live stock, including turkeys, were 
driven over the highways to market. One of his 
flour mills also liad machinery for the manufacture 
of lumber, while the other had a shingle mill run 
in connection. Besides these various enterprises 
he bought large tracts of land, raised crops on a 
large scale, and was a dealer in live stock, includ- 
ing cattle, horses and mules. Necessarily he had 
to delegate much of his business to other parties, 
but he possessed that splendid faculty of being 
able to oversee and practically supervise personally 



his entire range of interests. He continued to live 
in Dalton until his death in 1895. 

David N. Dalton married Melissa Rives, who 
died in 1866. Her father, William Rives, was a 
plaviter in Chatham County, North Carolina, where 
so far as known he spent all his life. Mrs. David 
N. Dalton reared seven children: William, Robert, 
Rufus I., David N., Jr., Ernest L., Nancy and 
Margaret. 

Dr. David N. Dalton was born at Dalton, North 
Carolina, and his father being a man of large 
estate and prosperous circumstances was able to 
give him the best of advantages. However, he 
mingled with his early studies a practical service 
to his father in the mills and on the farm. After 
making known his choice for a professional career 
he entered in 1877 the University of North Caro- 
lina, where he carried on his studies two years. He 
began the study of medicine under Dr. Thomas W. 
Harris of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Seeking 
the broader advantages and opportunities of New 
York City, he became a student in the medical de- 
partment of New York University where he was 
graduated in 1881. 

For the first two years Doctor Dalton practiced 
at Walnut Cove, but since then has had his home 
in Winston-Salem and his services have been in 
constant demand over since. He began practice 
before telephones and automobiles came into a 
physician 's life, and in recent years most of his 
work has been done in consultetion in his own 
ofliee. 

Doctor Dalton was married in 1887 to Louisa 
Wilson Bitting. Mrs. Dalton was born near Hunts- 
ville in Yadkin County, North Carolina, daughter 
of Joseph A. and Louisa (Wilson) Bitting. Her 
Grandfather Wilson was a prominent physician in 
his day. 

Doctor and Mrs. Dalton have three children: 
Margaret, Joseph N. and Wilson B. Doctor Dalton 
has long had active membership in the Forsyth 
County and North Carolina Medical societies. He 
is a member of Damon Lodge, No. 41, Knights of 
Pythias, and is a Presbyterian, while Mrs. Dalton 
is of the Episcopal faith. 

Cornelius M. McKaughan has for a number of 
years been officially identified with Forsyth 
County and is now serving as clerk of courts at 
Winston-Salem. He is one of the most popular 
men in the courthouse and has many times over 
justified the confidence of his fellow citizens in 
reposing in him the duties and responsibilities of 
public affairs. 

Mr. McKaughan was born on a farm in Kerners- 
ville Township of Forsyth County November 5, 
1873. He is a son of Isaac Harrison and Esther 
(Robertson) McKaughan, a grandson of Archibald 
and Mary (Welch) McKaughan, a great-grandson 
of Hugh and Phebe (Pope) McKaughan, all con- 
stituting well known names in the history of this 
part of the state. Mr. McKaughan 's mother was 
a daughter of William Haley and Mahala (Lonus) 
Robertson. 

Cornelius M. McKaughan grew up at his father 'a 
home at Kernersville, attended the public schools 
there, and from the high school entered the Oak 
Ridge Institute for a commercial course. His 
education completed he accepted the position of 
deputy register of deeds at Winston, and gave 
faithful and conscientious work in that capacity 
for six years. His experience made him the logical 
candidate for chief in the oflSce and he was elected 



26 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



and served one term. Followin? that for four 
years he was clerk in the sheriff 's office and in 

1915 was appointed elerk of the courts to fill the 
unerpired term of R. J\. Transau, deceased. In 

1916 Mr. McKaughan was regularly elected to the 
ofiBce. 

He was married October 4, 1906, to Leota Reed. 
Mrs. McKaughan was born in Old Richmond Town- 
ship, daughter of Elijah L. and Perinelia M. 
(Spease) Reed. They have one son, Robert Steele. 

Mr. McKaughan is affiliated with Fairview Coun- 
cil No. 19, Junior Order United American 
Mechanics and with Salem Lodge No. 36, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. He and his wife 
are members of the Calvary Moravian Church. 

Me. Fred M. Pabrish, born in 1880, Goochland 
County, Virginia — father Fred M. Parrisli, mother 
Hattie Lacey Parrish. Educated at Fork Union 
Academy, William Mary College and University of 
North Carolina. Lawyer in Winston-Salem. 

Jefpeeson Bostwick Couxcill. M. D. An ac- 
tive and prominent member of the medical fra- 
ternity of Rowan County, Jefferson B. Couneill, 
M. D., of Salisbury, has often been identified with 
important work in connection with his regular 
jjracticc, his wisdom and skill in dealing with 
difficult cases having gained for him the confidence 
of the entire community, and placed him among 
the leading jihysicians of the city. A son of Dr. 
William B. Couneill, he was born in Boone, Wa- 
tauga County, North Carolina, of English ancestry. 

His grandfather, Jordan Couneill, was born in 
England, and came with his parents, and his two 
brothers, Benjamin and Jesse, to North Carolina, 
settling in Watauga County in pioneer days. He 
assisted his father in clearing a homestead, but 
did not care to continue life as a farmer. Soon 
after attaining his majority, he embarked in mer- 
cantile pursuits, an occupation much to his tastes, 
and for which he was well fitted. At that early 
day there were no railways in the Carolinas, and 
all of his goods had to be transported with teams 
from Charleston, South Carolina, to Watauga 
County. Very successful as a merchant, he ac- 
cumulated considerable wealth, acquiring large 
tracts of land and many slaves. He married Sally 
Elizabeth Bowers, who was born in Ashe County, 
North Carolina, where her parents were pioneers. 
They reared four children, namely: James W. ; 
William B.; and Elizabeth, who married Col. G. N. 
Folk, a prominent lawyer, who served as a colonel 
in the Confederate army; and George E. 

Born in Watauga County, North Carolina, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1829, William B. Couneill acquired his 
elementary education in the schools of Caldwell 
County, and was subsequently graduated from the 
Charleston Medical College with the degree of 
M. D. He began the practice of medicine at Boone, 
but soon after the outbreak of the Civil war he 
enlisted in the Confederate army as a private; he 
won promotion from time to time through bravery 
and meritorious conduct until being made captain 
of his company. He was twice wounded, but 
escaped capture, and served until the close of the 
conflict. Resuming his practice in Boone, he re- 
mained there, an active and beloved physician 
until his death, at the age of seventy-two years. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Alice M. Bost- 
wiek, was born in the Sumter District, South Caro- 
lina, December 1, 1832. She is still living, and 
though upwards of four score years of age enjoys 
good health, and retains her interest in the topics 



of the day. She is the mother of sis children, as 
follows : Jefferson Bostwick, of this sketch ; Wil- 
liam B., Jr., a prominent lawyer and judge in 
Hickory, North Carolina ; Margaret ; Emma ; Isaac 
Lenoir, who is engaged in the real estate and 
mining business at Waynesville, this state; and 
Virginia. 

After his graduation from the Finley High 
School at Lenoir, Jefferson B. Couneill entered the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore, 
Maryland, where he was graduated with the class 
of 1884. Beginning the practice of his profession 
with his father in Boone, he remained there until 
1888, gaining knowledge and experience of great 
value. Coming from there to Salisbury, Doctor 
Couneill has since built up an extensive and 
lucrative practice, and has won an assured posi- 
tion among the leading physicians of this section 
of the state. 

Doctor Couneill married, in 1899, Bessie Brandt 
Krider, a native of Salisbury. Her father, Charles 
C. Krider, who lost a leg while serving in the Con- 
federate army, was for many years sheriff of ^ 
Rowan County, holding the position at the time 
of his death. Doctor and Mrs. Couneill are the 
parents of five children, namely: Margaret Eliza- 
betli, Charles Bower, Jefferson B., Jr., Catherine 
Stokes, and Alice Virginia. 

The doctor is an active member of the Rowan 
County and the North Carolina State Medical so- 
cieties, and belongs to American Medical Associa- 
tion. Fraternally he is a member of Fulton Lodge 
No. 99, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Ma- 
sons: and of Salisbury Chapter No. 20, Royal Arch 
Masons. 

jAiiE.s Webb Matthews. In the expansion of 
important commercial concerns Rocky Mount, 
North Carolina, holds a foremost place in business 
development in Eastern Nortli Carolina, and a very 
creditable fact is that tliey have been founded and 
fostered by local capital and home enterprise. A 
commercial house here of solid standing, that has 
developed its business along quality lines, is tliat 
of Matthews, Weeks & Company, of which .James 
Webb Matthews, one of Rocky Mount 's represen- 
tative citizens, is the junior jiartner. 

James Webb Matthews was born at Rocky 
Mount, February 15, 1878. His parents were 
Gideon Taylor and Mary E. Matthews. The father 
was engaged in a general mercantile business here 
for many years and was '^"" of the city's honorable 
and respected business men. 

In the public schools and at Oak Ridge In- 
stitute James W. Matthews secured his general 
educational training and learned the principles 
of business while associated for a time with his 
father. Later he became connected with the firm 
of H. E. Brewer & Company, wholesale grocers, 
and thereby had training and experience which 
have proved exceedingly helpful since embarking 
in the same line for himself. In 1899 he found 
himself in a position to enter the wholesale trade 
and established the J. W. Matthews Wholesale 
Grocery and conducted a prosnerous business 
under "that caption until 1902, when, on account 
of the gi'owth of the same, more capital was 
needed to expand the enterprise advantageously 
and a partnership was formed, which combina- 
tion has continued until the present date. This 
is one of the largest houses in its line in this 
section and one of the most up-to-date. Its com- 
modities include both staple and fancy groceries, 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



27 



.pure food laws are observed in the stock, and 
courtesy aud honorable l.iusiuess methods are rules 
of the "house. Mr. Matthews has additional busi- 
ness interests, the Eocicy Mount Woodworking 
Company being one of tliese, of wdiieli he is secre- 
tary. 

Mr. Matthews was married April 27, 190-i, to 
Miss Estelle Weston, who was born in Mathews 
County, Virginia and is a daughter of Julius A. 
Weston who is a substantial farmer in that state. 
Mr. and Mrs. Matthews have two children : 
Florence Estelle and James Webb the last named 
born December 12, 1912. 

Mr. Matthews is a man of public spirit and 
much local pride and his main investments are at 
Rocky Mount. He is one of the directors of the 
National Bank of Becky Mount and is also on the 
directing board of the Rocky Mount Insurance & 
Realty Company. Fraternally he is identified 
with the Masonic order and belongs also to the 
Knights of Pythias. As a business man he is 
creilited with keen insight and sound judgment, 
and his everyday life with his fellow citizens 
proves neighborliness and good will and ensures 
him their respect and esteem. 

Henry Theodore Bahnson, M. D. A life filled 
with untold services, beyond all human reckoning, 
and one that should prove a lasting inspiration to 
the living, was that of the late Dr. Henry Theodore 
Bahnson of Winston-Salem. North Carolina may 
well take pride in such a character, and there is 
•reason to recall and remember what he was and 
what he did even more than the careers of some 
men who had perhaps a wider newspaper publicity. 
The story of his career is effectively and beauti- 
fully told in a memoir recently read by Bishop 
Rondthaler, and with only a few changes and omis- 
sions the following is substantially Bishop Rond- 
thaler 's words. 

Dr. Henry Theodore Bahnson was the son of 
Bishop George Frederick and Anna Gertrude 
Pauline (Conrad) Bahnson. He was a member 
of a large family, all of whom have now entered 
into rest with the exception of one surviving 
brother, the Rev. George Frederic Bahnson, pastor 
of the Moravian Church at Coopersburg, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Doctor Bahnson was born at Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, on March 6, 1845, and was baptised in 
his infancy. When four years old his father was 
called to the pastorate of the Moravian congrega- 
tion at Salem, North Carolina, where in after years 
he became the bishop of his church, rendering 
memorable service in maintaining hope anil courage 
among his people during the terrible ordeal of the 
Civil War. His son was destined to become, like 
his father, an eminent citizen and servant of this 
community, which throughout his life he loved as 
his home. 

As a boy he attended the old Salem Boys' 
School, from which he was transferred in 1858 to 
the well knowni Mora^'ian Institution of Nazareth 
Hall in Pennsylvania, whence he passed for his 
further education into the Moravian College and 
Theological Seminary at Bethlehem. One who 
remembers him from those early years recalls his 
alert, beautiful face, giving promise of a career 
which a long life has now worthily fulfilled. 

The year 1862 brought with it for him as for 
the yoimg manhood of the country a momentous 
change. Early in the year he returned home and 
at once volunteered in the Confederate army. 



Then came the stirring years of service under 
General Lee in the Army of Virginia. He was at 
first a private in Company G, Second North Caro- 
lina Battalion of Infantry. He was captured at 
Gettysburg and imprisoned in Baltimore City jail 
and Point Lookout, Maryland, for a period of six 
months — a brief time, it is true, but one which 
sowed the seed of intense suffering in many a 
subsequent year. In January, 1864, he was 
exchanged and in the course of the year was trans- 
ferred into Company B, First North Carolina Bat- 
talion of Sharpshooters, in which he became known 
for his fearless spirit in many a terrible encounter. 
He was with General Lee to the day of the sur- 
render at Appomattox, bright, active and unshaken 
to the very last hour before the coming of disaster. 
It was in this final struggle that he was appointed 
captain of the sharpshooters, but in the confusion 
of those days the commission could not be deliv- 
ered and he laid down his rifle as a private — a. fact 
to which in later years he often referred with 
pride. 

Paroled at Appomattox, he walked the long way 
home, arriving weary, sick and hungry at his 
father's door, after being given up for dead, in 
April, 1865. Active and fearless as he had been 
on the great scenes of warfare and deeply inter- 
ested in all his life in the veterans of the conflict 
and in their memorial occasions, his sympathetic 
spirit shrank with a peculiar horror from what he 
had seen and endured, so that for years he could 
hardly be persuaded to refer to these events, and 
especially to his own part in them; and when at 
last the ic« was somewhat broken his occasional 
addresses and papers, written in beautiful and 
vivid style, breathe out a tone of sympathy for all 
who suffered whether with him or against him, 
wliich make them to be among the choicest pieces 
of our great war literature. 

The war over, he began to prepare himself for 
the profession which he had chosen. In 1867 he 
graduated in the medical course of the University 
of Pennsylvania and received in addition his 
diploma in practical and surgical anatomy, the line 
in which he himself became especially eminent and 
in which he earned the lifelong friendship of the 
great specialist under whom he had been instructed. 
Dr. D. Hayes Agnew, of Philadelphia. Next he 
went abroad and studied at the Universities of 
Berlin, Prague and Utrecht, and finally returning 
home in 1869 entered upon his medical practice in 
Salem. 

His long service is a part of the medical history 
of his community and of Western North Carolina. 
The writer was once with him on a distant pleasure 
journey, when a child was presented to the doctor 
with a pitiful, distorted, suffering face. We can 
never forget how, under his sympathetic and skill- 
ful touch, the signs of suffering were smoothed 
away. A quick stitch here and there or slight 
incision gave the little face a pleasing, human look 
once more. It was as if a wonder had been 
wrought before our very eyes. 

So he went in and out, for nearly fifty years, 
among the sick and suffering. What he was for 
the needy, for the widows, for God 's ministering 
servants, probably no one will ever know or even 
guess at except perhaps some pastor whose work 
might lead him into the same homes and on 
similar occasions for service. Some thirty years 
ago he became the house physician of the Salem 
College and Academy. This appointment grew 
into a wide field for his particular gifts and capa- 



28 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



bilities. He had a native genius for diagnosis, so 
perfected by long study and practice that he 
became a very precious help to those in charge by 
skillful advice, which either comforted parents at 
a distance or warned them of unexpected dangers 
in case of their children. He loved the institution 
and cherished its students. As a lover of flowers, 
his own rich stores were at the frequent disposal of 
the academy on its great occasions and of its 
pupils in times of illness. His last notable service 
was in the spring of 1916 when he led the com- 
pletely successful effort to ward off a threatening 
epidemic from the college, an effort so wisely 
planned and carried out as to cause the commenda- 
tion of federal and state inspectors and to deserve 
the lasting gratitude of the institution and of the 
community. Such a career naturally called for 
wide commendation, both at home and abroad. 

He was at the time of his death surgeon of the 
Southern Eailway System and president of its 
Board of Surgeons and also chief surgeon of the 
Winston-Salem Southbound Eailway Company. 
He had been president of the North Carolina 
Medical Society, president of the State Board of 
Health, secretary of the State Board of Examiners, 
member of the Board of Directors of the State 
Hospital at Morganton, member of the American 
Public Health Association, of tlie Tri-State Medical 
Association, honorary member of the Virginia 
and other medical societies, and at the time of his 
departure his nomination lay before the National 
Board of United States Surgeons. 

He was the first commander of Piedmont Com- 
mandery No. 6 on its organization, and held the 
office for a number of years. He was a Thirty- 
second Degree Mason and was elected to receive 
the thirty-third degree, but was prevented by cir- 
cumstances beyond his control from attending the 
meeting at which he was to receive the degree. 

Of the many fine qualities of mind and heart 
that have already been alluded to the one that 
stands out as most characteristic is courage, both 
physical and moral. He was a man of strong con- 
victions, which he dared maintain with force and 
boldness. He was no trimmer. And his was more 
than the courage that flares up and shortly dies 
down — not alone the gallantry of the battle field 
that vpith cheerfulness faced death at the cannon's 
mouth, but also of the finer quality that for years 
bore with fortitude the suffering incident to a 
diseased elbow joint and for months the heart- 
rending agonies of the agina pectoris which caused 
his death. 

He was married November 3, 1870, to Miss 
Adelaide de Schweinitz, daughter of Bishop de 
Schweinitz. The young wife was quickly called 
from his side on August 3, 1871. His second mar- 
riage, on April 14, 1874, was to Miss Emma C. 
Pries. Their union was blessed with six children. 
Two of them, Henry and Carrie, died in childhood. 
The four surviving are: Frederic P. and Agnew 
Bahnson, both mentioned on other pages; Mrs. 
Holt Haywood, of New York; and Miss Pauline 
Bahnson. It was a most affectionate family circle 
and one in which helpers and dependents were 
most kindly considered. And the end corresponded 
to the way in which they had journeyed together. 
Wife, daughters and sons were in constant attend- 
ance in and around the sufferer 's sick chamber. 

Doctor Bahnson had been baptised in his 
infancy. He was confirmed in the First Church 
of Philadelphia on July 29, 1866. His religious 



convictions had been deepened during the war. He 
had read the Greek New Testament through from 
cover to cover as he carried it in his knapsack 
through the weary marches of the long campaigns. 
These convictions abode with him for a lifetime. 
The reading of the scriptures and family devo- 
tions were steady and unfailing rules of his life, 
and his character and practice of his profession 
corresponded with his religious Cliristian views. 
He entered freely into religious interests and was 
one of the most faithful subscribers to the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He dearly loved the 
church of his father and mother; served in its 
various offices; liberally aided in its work; was a 
member of its college and seminary boards at the 
time of his departure. 

For years he had been a sufferer, to whom occa- 
sional journeys and seasons of recreation afforded 
but partial relief, and to whom outdoor life, 
almost to the end, proved to be the main and 
blessed tonic of refreshment. Amid increasing 
physical burdens he resolutely continued his medi- 
cal work until on September 8, 1916, the weary 
frame had to cease from its lifelong toil. Then 
with fortitude, with faith, and with the promise of 
the grace given by his Saviour, he entered into 
rest January 16, 1917, aged seventy-one years, ten 
months, twelve days. 

Frederic Fries Bahnson. A son of the late 
Dr. H. T. Bahnson, whose life work has been 
recorded on other ])ages, Frederic Pries Bahnson 
during his youth had an ambition to follow in his 
father's footstejis, but failing eyesiglit compelled 
him to give up his studies in medicine and he 
turned to a more active vocation and has gained 
successful prominence in the field of electrical and 
mechanical engineering, particularly in his chosen 
field of air conditioning. 

He was born in Winston-Salem March 6, 1876, 
son of Dr. Henry T. and Emma Christina (Fries) 
Bahn.son. He prepared for college in the Salem 
Boys' School and entered the University of North 
Carolina vrith the class of 1S96. He was gradu- 
ated Ph. B., cum laude, and for the next few 
months diligently pursued his studies in medi- 
cine. On being obliged to discontinue this work 
he took up electrical engineering, and for seven 
years followed that work, most of the time away 
from his old home. On returning to Winston- 
Salem he was for five years associated with the 
P. & H. Fries Woolen Mills, then for two years 
with the Briggs Shaffner Company, mechanical 
engineers and machinists. Since then Mr. Bahnson 
has been head of the engineering department of 
the Normalair Company of Winston-Salem, de- 
voting his time to problems in air conditioning. 

He was married in 1910 to Blecker Estelle Reid. 
Mrs. Bahnson was born in Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina, daughter of Edward S. and Naunie (Alex- 
ander) Reid. They have two sons, Frederic Fries 
Bahnson, Jr., and Edward Reid Bahnson. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bahnson are members of the Home Moravian 
Church. He served as secretary of the committee 
which drew up the present rules of the Moravian 
"Congregation of Salem and Its Vicinity," has 
served on boards of the congregation and in 1917, 
was made an elder in the Home Moravian Church. 
He has taken an active part in Masonry, being 
affiliated with Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, is Past High Priest of 
Winston Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch Masons, and 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Past Commander of Piedmont Commandery No. 6, 
Knights Templar. He is a member of the Ameri- 
can Society of Heating and Ventilating Engineers, 
and an associate member of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers. 

Agnew Hunter Bahnson. One of the leading 
mill men and manufacturers of the Winston-Salem 
industrial community is Agnew Hunter Bahnson, 
who found his real work early in life and has 
devoted himself to it with a spirit, enthusiasm and 
energy that sufficiently well accounts for his rapid 
advancement and his secure position when only a 
little past his thirtieth birthday. 

Mr. Bahnson was born at Salem March 10, 
1S86, a son of the late Dr. Henry T. and Emma 
Christina (Fries) Bahnson. Of his father, one 
of the greatest physicians and kindliest men North 
Carolina ever had, an appropriate sketch appears 
on other pages of this publication. 

The son was liberally educated and had the best 
of home training. He attended private school, the 
Salem Boys' School, and in 1906 graduated from 
the University of North Carolina. For the follow- 
ing year he traveled abroad, and then with all that 
a liberal education and a knowledge of the world 
could give him he entered upon an apprenticeship 
in the Mayo Mills at Mayodan in Rockingham 
County. As an apprentice he worked for 65 
cents a day. He continued his apprenticeship in 
the Washington Mills at Fries, Virginia, and had 
not been there long when he was advanced to the 
duties of the loom fixer. After a few months he 
liecame superintendent of the Pomona Mills at 
Greensboro, but soon resigned to become agent of 
the Washington Mills at Fries, Virginia. While 
there he was not only agent but manager of the 
mills and store and also the town, a place of 
1,800 inhabitants. It was a work that required 
great executive and administrative ability and he 
. performed his duties with utmost satisfaction for 
two years. 

Resigning, he was engaged in the sale of cotton 
mill machinery until 1912, when he was elected 
secretary and treasurer of the Arista Mill Com- 
pany at Winston-Salem. He has been actively 
identified with that large local corporation ever 
since, and in 1915 was elected president and treas- 
urer. Tn tlie fall of 1915 he also organized the 
Normalair Company, and has been president of this 
biisiness. The company has its factory in Winston - 
Salem, and though in existence less than two years 
has developed a flourishing business. Its machin- 
ery products are shipped to all the states, to 
Canada, Mexico and Cuba, and to six other for- 
eign countries. The company maintains offices in 
New York, St. Louis and Charlotte. 

Mr. Bahnson was married November 18, 1914, 
to Miss Elizabeth Moir Hill, who was born in 
Winston-Salem, daughter of William P. and 
Elizabeth (Ogburn) Hill. Mr. and Mrs. Bahnson 
have one son, Agnew Hunter, Jr. They are active 
members of the Home Moravian Church, with Mr. 
Bahnson as president of its board of trustees. He 
is also president of the Moravian Brotherhood of 
the Southern Province and a member of the Young 
Men's Christian Association Board of Directors. 
He is an officer of the North Carolina Cotton 
Manufacturers ' Association. 

Douglas Alexander Nance has been enrolled 
among the successful members of the Winston- 
Salem bar since 1911. He is a lawyer of thorough 



scholarship and mature accomplishments, and has 
already made a mark in the profession. 

What he has attained has been due to the energy 
of his own nature and a determined ambition. He 
w.as born in a log cabin in Western Prong Tovvn- 
ship of Columbus County, North Carolina, and he 
gained his education largely through his own 
efforts. His great-grandfather Daniel Nance was 
a native of England and on coming to America set- 
tled in that part of Bladen County now included 
in Columbus County, North Carolina. David 
Nance, grandfather of the Winston-Salem lawyer, 
was born in Columbus County and was a farmer. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Eliza Shipman, 
died at the age of eighty-one years. Her ancestors 
were among the pioneers of Bladen County. The 
grandparents reared four children: Richard, 
M,arsha]l, Edward and Alexander. Of these Rich- 
ard was a Confederate soldier, died during the war, 
and was buried at Wilmington. 

Alexander Nance, father of Douglas A., was 
horn in Columbus County, North Carolina, in 
September, 1854, and has made farming his regu- 
lar vocation. After his marriage he bought a tract 
of land in Western Prong Township and started 
his household and business on a small scale. 
Industry and good judgment enabled him to meet 
the critical times of his career successfully, and as 
a result of long and thorough experience he la 
now a farmer on an extensive scale. He married 
Virginia Douglas Bridgers, daughter of Eugene 
Bridgers, and they have reared ten children: 
Luther, Sallie. who died ,at the age of eighteen, 
Douglas A., Claude, Marshall, Henry, Richard, 
Alexander, Laura, and Mattie. 

Douglas A. Nance was educated in the rural 
schools, in the High School of Lumberton, and 
prepared for college at Buiss Creek Academy. He 
took his law studies in Wake Forest College, and 
in 1911 was admitted to the bar. Since then Mr. 
Nance has practiced successfully at Winston and 
his achievements as a lawyer leave no doubt as to 
his thorough qualifications for the profession. 

In his career, both at home and in his profes- 
sion, he has been ably assisted by his cultured 
wife. Mrs. Nance, whose maiden name was Stella 
Elizabeth Phelps, was born in a log cabin in Old- 
town Township of Forsyth County. They were 
married in 1904. Her father Melvin Phelps was 
born in McPherson County, North Carolina, 
January 16, 1845, and when only seventeen years 
of age he entered the Confederate Army and going 
to the front participated in many hard fought 
battles and was twice wounded. After the war he 
settled down to the peaceful occupation of farm- 
ing in Oldtown Township and besides cultivating 
his crops he worked at the carpenter's trade. His 
death in 1900 was due to an accident on the rail- 
road. Melvin Phelps married Nancy Paulina 
Grubb, who was born in Oldtown Township in 
1857, daughter of John and Mary Ann <Aldridge) 
Grubb. Her father was a farmer, spent his life 
in Forsyth County, and her mother died there at 
the age of eighty-four. Mrs. Nance is one of three 
children, her two brothers being William Ells- 
worth and Roscoe Drake. 

Mrs. Nance was liberally educated. She 
attended the Winston graded schools and in 1898 
graduated in the commercial course from Salem 
Academy College and from the literary depart- 
ment in 1900. During the summer of 1916 she 
attended the law department of the University of 
North Carolina. She had also studied law in the 



30 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



office of her husband, and in the summer of 
1917 she passed the examination of the Supreme 
Court. She then took the oath in the Superior 
Court before Judge W. J. Adams, and was ac- 
corded the distinction of being the first woman 
to be sworn in as an attorney at Winston-Salem. 
She is now associated with her husband in prac- 
tice. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nance are active members of the 
First Baptist Church. He is affiliated with Twin 
City Camp No. 27 Woodmen of the World, Salem 
Lodge No. 56, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and Liberty Council No. .3, Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics and Winston Lodge No. 449, 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Both he 
and his wife are members of Evangeline Rebekah 
Lodge No. 27. 

Vestal Taylor has spent his life in Surry 
County, is a farmer by occupation, but for many 
years has been concerned with official duties. He 
is a former county siirveyor and register of deeds, 
and the people of that community have looked 
upon him for leadership in many matters of im- 
portance. 

Mr. Taylor was liorn in Westfield Township of 
Surry County October 29, 1870. His grandfather, 
Thomas Taylor, was a native of Virginia, and on 
coming to North Carolina located in Westfield 
Township where he bought a farm and where he 
spent many years. He finally sold his position and 
with his wife and son, Newell, and daughter, Mary, 
moved west to Utah, where he and his wife spent 
their last years. Two of their sons, Martin and 
Henry, remained in North Carolina. 

Martin Taylor, father of Vestal, was born ac- 
cording to the best information obtainable in 
Wcstlicld Township of Surry County. For his 
time he acquired a good education, and was a 
school teacher. He bought land in Westfield Town- 
ship and followed general farming for many years. 
During the war he was exempt from service on 
account of physical disability. He continued to 
live on his farm until his death in 1910 at the 
age of seventy-five. He married Mary Ann Sum- 
mers, who was born in Westfield Township, a 
daughter of .Jonas and Betsy (luman) Summers. 
Her death occurred when she was sixty-nine years 
of age. Her children were: Tizzie; Martha, who 
married .Tames Mclver; Vestal; Mickey, who mar- 
ried John T. Inman ; and Eliza, who married Job 
McGee. 

Vestal Taylor during his childhood attended the 
district schools and also the Mount Airy High 
School. At the age of eighteen he taught his first 
term of school. It was his practice to teach a 
part of each year and the rest of the time was 
spent as a farmer. Mr. Taylor located on his 
jiresent farm in 1910. This is near the Village of 
White Plains. Besides general farming Mr. Tay- 
lor has deplt extensively in horses and other live- 
stock and has attained a substantial business posi- 
tion in the community. 

In 1892 he married Nannie Nichols, who was 
born in Eldora Township of Surry County, a daugh 
ter of William A. and Martha (Marshall) Nichols, 
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Taylor comprise four 
children, Bertie P., Perry, Alma and Herbert R, 
The daughter, Bertie, is the wife of Maurice E 
Miller, and they have a son, Billy. 

Mr. Taylor has for years lieen one of the lead 
ing and influential reiiublicans of Surry County. 
He cast his first presidential vote for Benjamin 



Harrison. Various official dignities have been con- 
ferred upon him. When he was a very young 
man in 1893 he was elected county surveyor and 
by re-election was continued in that office for 
twelve years. He was then elected register of 
deeds and served four years, and in 1912 was a 
candidate for sheriff. Throughout his official and 
jirivate career Mr. Taylor has been a constant 
advocate of good roads, and at the present time is 
superintendent of roads in Mount Airy Township. 
He is also chairman of the Mount Airy Township 
School Board, and was one of the men chiefly in- 
strumental in establishing the high school at White 
Plains in 1916, in which year the high school build- 
ing was erected. Mr. Taylor is now serving as 
chairman of the executive committee of the re- 
]iublican party of Surry County. 

Tho.mas Meares Green, M. D. Many well 
earned distinctions have come to Doctor Green 
during his active career as a surgeon, and his 
reputation is by no means confined to his home 
City of Wilmington but has brought him prom- 
inently before the medical fraternity of the state 
at large. 

Doctor Green was born at Wilmington March 
28, 1879, a. son of William Henry and Frances 
Iredell (Meares) Green. His father was a drug- 
gist and the atmos|)here of that business no doubt 
had some influence over Doctor Green's choice 
of a permanent profession. He was well edu- 
cated in the public schools, under private tuition 
and in the Cape Fear Academy. He spent two 
years in the medical department of the University 
of North Carolina taking special work in chemistry 
at the same time. Later two years were spent in 
the University of Maryland, where he was gradu- 
ated in 1900. For three years after taking his 
degree he was employed as a surgeon in the hos- 
jiital of the Maryland University and St. Joseph's 
of Baltimore, Maryland. In 1903 Doctor Green 
located at Wilmington, and his work has been' 
almost exclusively in the field of surgery. He is 
a member of the surgical staff of the James 
Walker Memorial Hosjiital and is a surgeon of the 
Seaboard Air Line Railway Company. 

Doctor Green has membership in the New 
Hanover County Medical Society, the Third Dis- 
trict, the North Carolina and the Tri-State Medi- 
cal societies, the Southern and the American 
Medical associations. He is a member of the Cape 
Fear Country Club, the Carolina Yacht Clul), is a 
Chapter Mason and Knight of Pythias, and be- 
longs to the college fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsi- 
Ion. November 16, 190.5, Doctor Green married 
Emma West, daughter of Henry P. and Rebecca 
(Love) West. They have two children, Emma 
West Green and Mary West Green. 

Walter Reade Johnson, now a successful mem- 
ber of the Winston-Salem bar, has .spent his life in 
this section of North Carolina, and for a number 
of years was engaged in commercial lines, chiefly 
as a traveling salesman. He has succeeded in 
building up a very fine practice and is a man of 
the highest standing both in his profession and as 
a citizen. 

He was born in Yadkin Township of Stokes 
County, North Carolina, October 14, 1884. He 
comes of old Virginia ancestry. His great-grand- 
father, William Johnson, was born in Stokes 
County, North Carolina, where he remained during 
his life, and bought upwards of 1,000 acres of 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



31 



land in Yadkin Township of Stokes County. His 
extensive plantation he operated with slave labor 
and lived there until his death. The maiden name 
of his wife was Temperance Kiser. Both lived to 
a good old age. 

William Wade Johnson, grandfather of Walter 
B., was born May 23, 1835, and inherited from his 
father a tract of land and subsequently bought 
more. He followed farming all his life, and at 
the time of his death owned about 300 acres. 
During the war he was a member of the Home 
Guard, physical disability having exempted from 
active service in the field. He married Susan 
Leake, who was born in the north part of Stokes 
County, daughter of Peter and Betsy Leake, 
pioneers in that section of the state. William 
Wade .Johnson died at the age of seventy-two, his 
wife living to the age of eighty-two. 

James Thomas Johnson, father of the Winston- 
Salem lawyer, was born in Yadkin Township of 
Stokes County November 8, 1857, and has enjoyed 
a substantial position as a farmer. He bought a 
farm from his father a half mile from the old 
homestead, and is still managing it as a general 
farming proposition. He married Regina Edwards. 
She was horn in Yadkin Township of Stokes 
County May 23, 1863. Her grandfather, Nathan 
Edwards, was a native of Stokes County, where he 
spent his life. Her father, Solomon Edwards, was 
born in Stokes County in 1S40, gave his active life- 
time to farming and also served as coroner and 
sheriff of the county. Solomon Edwards married 
Amelia Ann Westmoreland, a native of Stokes 
County. Solomon Edwards died in 1891, while 
his widow is still living, being eighty-two years 
old. Mr. and Mrs. James T. Johnson had seven 
children: Walter Keade, Claudia, Mallie, Nellie, 
Paul, Eflae and Thelma. 

The early enyironment of Walter Reade Johnson 
was his father 's farm. He attended the dis- 
trict schools, and while still a schoolboy gained his 
first practical knowledge of commercial life. His 
father having given him the use of a small tract 
of land, the boy planted a. crop of tobacco, and 
after it had Ijeen cut he took it to Winston. Here 
he had a transaction which showed his judgment. 
The dealer offered him fifteen dollars and also 
one-half of all above that figure that the tobacco 
would bring at auction. The lot sold for fifteen 
dollars and forty cents, showing that the first price 
was a fair estimate of the real value. After a few 
terms in the district school Mr. Johnson attended 
the Mountain View Institute and later Dalton 
Academy. 

Wlien nineteen years old he taught a term of 
school at Corinth but soon went on the road as a 
traveling salesman. He sold goods over his terri- 
tory until 1906, and while he made a good living 
at this he was not satisfied to continue it indefi- 
nitely. With what he had earned he entered the 
University of North Carolina, where for a time 
he devoted himself to special studies, and then took 
nri the regular law course. He was graduated in 
1909, and in the same year opened his office in 
Winston-Salem. 

In 1910 Mr. Johnson married Miss Lou MUhol- 
land. Mrs. Johnson was born in Statesville, Iredell 
County, North Carolina, daughter of Newton and 
Ella (Edwards) Milholland. Mr. and Mrs. John- 
son have three children : Gretchen, Dorothy and 
Walter Reade, Jr. They are active members of 
the Brown Memorial Baptist Church of Winston- 
Salem, while Mr. Johnson is affiliated with Winston 



Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Accepted Mason, 
and Winston Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch Masons. 
In polities he is a democrat. 

William H. Marler came to Winston Salem 
when a young man, was a mercantile clerk for 
a number of years, got into business on his own 
account, and has been steadily building up a busi- 
ness house in proportion to the growing importance 
of Winston-Salem. He is now one of the leading 
wholesalers in Western North Carolina. 

Mr. Marler was born in Jonesville in Yadkin 
County, North Carolina. His father, Hon. John G. 
Marler, was a native of Virginia, was liberally 
educated, and on coming to North Carolina became 
principal of the Van Eaton School at Jonesboro. 
He rapidly gained prominence in public affairs, 
and in 1870 was elected a member of the lower 
house of the State Legislature, was re-elected in 
1872, and in 1874, was elected a member of the 
State Senate for the Thirty-third District, includ- 
ing Yadkin and Surrey counties. His public serv- 
ice both in the House and Senate was given in 
the stirring times of Reconstruction days. When 
partisanship was at its height, when passion and 
bitterness were ' controlling factors, he showed a 
serene and unruffled spirit and proved of inesti- 
mable value to the constructive work of the 
Legislative body. In 1876 he was re-elected to the 
Senate, and his sudden death in 1877 occurred while 
the Senate was still in session. 

Senator Marler married Sallie Stimpson. She 
was born in Virginia in 1844 and died in 1915. 
They reared five children: William H., Mamie, 
Blanch, Dr. J. J. and Sallie. 

William H. Marler had the advantages of the 
public schools of Yadkin County, including the 
Whittington School at Jonesboro taught by Prof. 
T. H. Whittington. He was eighteen years of ago 
when he came to Winston, and he learned business 
in a practical fashion as clerk in the retail store 
of J. F. Gilmer. The six years he spent in that 
capacity were years of hard work, of faithful 
attention to his duties and a growing responsibility 
and capacity. At the end of that time he became 
a partner, linder the name Gilmer & Marler. Five 
years later Mr. Gilmer's sons were admitted to 
the firm, which took the new title of Gilmer, Marler 
& Company. The business became both retail and 
wholesale." After a few years Mr. R. E. Dalton 
was admitted to the firm and not long afterward 
the Gilmer brothers sold their interests, and the 
house was incorporated, with Mr. Marler as presi- 
dent and treasurer. In July, 1915. Mr. Marler 
sold his interest in that concern and in January, 
1916, esta,blished himself in the wholesale busi- 
ness, chiefly as a jobber, selling direct to the trade 
from the factories. His house now handles the 
products of several local mills, and his salesmen 
cover a territory over several southern states. 

Mr. Marler was married June 5, 1886, to Miss 
Ella George. Mrs. Marler was born in Winston- 
Salem, daughter of Peter and Martha (Bowman) 
George. They have reared five children, named 
William G., Grady, Evelyn, Robert and Ralph. Mr. 
Marler is one of the stewards of the West End 
Methodist Episcopal Church. South. He is affili- 
ated with Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons. 

KiMBRO M. Thompson. Noteworthy among the 
esteemed and respected residents of Jonesville, 
Yadkin County, is Kimbro M. Thompson, who 



32 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



lor many years was an importaut factor in promot- 
ing the mercantile and business interests of the 
community in which he now lives. A native of 
Surry County, he was born, February 1, 1859, on 
a. farm lying four miles southeast of Mount Airy, 
North Carolina. His father, Cohmibus Thompson, 
was born on a farm in Surry County, about ten 
miles west of Dobson, and his grandfather, Elijah 
Thompson, was born in the same locality. 

Joseph Thompson, the great-grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, married Isabella Henderson, 
of Albemarle County, Virginia, and with his bride 
came to North Carolina, settling as a pioneer in 
Surry County. In 1780 he erected a substantial 
frame house, the boards used being whip sawed, 
while all of the nails were hand wrought. With 
the assistance of slaves he cleared and improved 
a good farm, on which he and his wife spent the 
remainder of their years. 

Elijah Thompson learned the trade of a tan- 
ner when young, and also acquired proficiency as 
a farmer while living with his parents. Subse- 
quently buying land on Mitchell 's River, three 
miles below the parental homestead, he operated, 
with slave labor, a tannery, and his farm. He 
served as a soldier in the War of 1812, but other- 
wise resided on his plantation until his death, at 
the age of seventy-four years. He married Martha 
Cleveland Franklin, a daughter of Shadrach and 
Judith (Talliferio) Franklin, and granddaughter 
of Bernard and Mary Franklin. Eight children 
were born of their union, as follows : Benjamin, 
Columbus, Kimbro, Sally, Shadrach, Mary F., 
Bettie, and Kittie L. 

Columlius Tliompson became an expert tanner 
and farmer under his father's wise training. Soon 
after attaining his majority, he bought a farm 
four miles southeast of Mount Airy, and there 
established a tannery which he operated in con- 
nection with general farming, during the progress 
•of the Civil war being detailed to furnish leather 
and other supplies to the army. He lived to the 
ripe old age of eighty-nine years, dying on the 
home farm. The maiden name of his wife was 
Mary A. Cockerham. She was born in Surry 
■County, Mitchells River, a daughter of Joseph and 
Polly (Marshall) Cockerham. She died in 1868, 
leaving three children, Mary Jane, Kimliro M. and 
Benjamin H. Mary Jane, married Columbus F. 
McMickel ; to this union four children were born : 
John, Addie, Kittie and Sallie; John married Mal- 
lie Coruett of Virginia, Kittie married Peter 
Beamcr of Mount Airy, North Carolina; Sallie 
married Frank Thompson of Kapps Mills, Surry 
County. Benjamin H. married America Bryan, 
daughter of Gen. John Q. A. and Martha Bryan, of 
near Traphill, Wilkes County, North Carolina. To 
this union was born two children, B. Harton and 
Mary Atholene. 

Acquiring a practical education in the district 
school, Kimbro M. Thompson, while assisting his 
father, became thoroughly familiar with the vari- 
ous branches of agriculture, and also with the 
tanner 's trade. When he had attained the age 
of twenty-one years, his father gave him land lying 
on Mitchells River, about two miles from the 
farm on which his great-grandfather once lived. 
Mr. Thomjison had learned surveying when young, 
and subsequently for twelve years he served as 
county surveyor in Surry County. Superintending 
the work of his farm, he lived upon it until 1900, 
when he sold that estate, and settled in Yadkin 
County. Purchasing property in Jonesville, Mr. 



Thompson embarked in mercantile pursuits, and 
continued in business as a merchant until 1916, 
meeting with success in his operations. 

On September 4, 1887, Mr. Thpnipson was 
united in marriage with Emma Frances Bryan. 
She was born in Alleghany County, North Caro- 
lina, a daughter of Francis and Bettie (Moore) 
Bryan, and granddaughter on the paternal side 
of Thomas and Nancy (Baugus) Bryan, natives 
of Wilkes County, this state, while on the ma- 
ternal side she was a granddaughter of Benjamin 
and Susan (Barber) Moore. The Bryan, Moore 
and Barber families were among the pioneer set- 
tlers of the northwestern part of North Carolina 
and Southern Virginia. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have four children, 
namely: Alonzo A., Grove L., Mabel A., and Rosa 
E. Alonzo A. married Lizzie Burgess of Ten- 
nessee; Grove L. married Mabel Finney, daughter 
of Wesley and Mary (Adams) Finney, arid they 
have one child, Dorris Lee. On October 1, 1917, 
Grover was drafted into the National army. He 
was sent to Camp Jackson, but after staying there 
awhile, was selected as an expert machinist to go 
to Camp Hancock, Augusta, Georgia, after remain- 
ing there two months he was sent to Camp Mer- 
ritte. New Jersey, sailing for France on February 
20, 1918. Mabel A. married Wonderfer A. Finney, 
son of Franklin and Laura (Martin) Finney. 
Rosa E. married Richard C. Minnish, son of WU- 
liam and Annie L. (Brendle) Minnish, to this 
union three children have been born. Iris Evelyn, 
Russell Bryan, and Mabel Frances. 

Fraternally Mr. Thompson is a non-affiliating 
member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Order 
of Masons, and of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

Addi.son Guy RiCAtro. The position of Addi- 
son Guy Ricaud as a member of the Wilmington 
bar is tersely and well set forth in an endorsement 
signed by a large majority of the most prominent 
members of the Wilmington bar urging Mr. 
Ricaud 's appointment to the vacancy on the bench 
of the Eighth Judicial Circuit in 1915. A para- 
graph of this endorsement reads as follows : ' ' Mr. 
Ricaud is a lawyer of wide and varied experience 
in the practice of his profession ; is a man of 
marked ability; a gentleman of high character; 
is in the prime of life; and we believe, if ap- 
jiointed, he will discharge the duties of the high 
office with great abUity to himself and to the 
State. ' ' 

Another candidate was given the preference in 
the appointment as judge of the Superior Court, 
but the opinion entertained by his eminent fellow 
lawyers of his ability has made him none the less 
valuable as a citizen of Wilmington and his po- 
sition as a lawyer has long been assured. 

He was born in Washington, North Carolina, 
December 11, 1858, a son of Thomas Page and 
Anna M. (King) Ricaud. His father was a prom- 
inent minister of the Methodist Church, and for 
over fifty years, beginning about 1845, was con- 
nected with the North Carolina Conference. 

Mr. A. G. Ricaud obtained his early education in 
the Albermarle High School, in Olin College, and 
pursued the study of law under the late Governor 
D. L. Russell. Upon his admission to the bar in 
January, 1879, he formed a partnership with 
C4overnor Russell, and they were associated on 
terms of mutual agreeability and profit for ten 
years. For a time his partner was Solomon C. 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



33 



Weill. Mr. Eieaud in 1898 moved, to New York 
City, and during the ten years spent there had a 
wide and varied metropolitan experience as a 
lawyer. Since 1908 he has resumed his place in 
the bar of Wilmington, and handles a large gen- 
eral practice. 

He has always been active in the interests of 
the democratic" party, which was the partisan 
faith of his ancestors, and has rendered valuable 
service to his home municipality. He served as 
mayor of Wilmington from 1891 to 189o, and was 
also an alderman for two years. 

On September 11, 1900, he married Mrs. Marion 
M. (Murrell) Palfrey, of Louisville, Kentucky. 

Ellis H. Spainhour, M. D. Winston-Salem has 
had one of its most capable physicians and sur- 
geons in the person of Doctor Spainhour, who came 
to this city during the calamitous times of the 
smallpox epidemic some fifteen or sixteen years 
ago. He rendered a notable service at the time in 
effectively controlling the epidemic and has ever 
since been advantageously situated as a physician 
and as a public spirited citizen. 

Doctor Spainhour represents one of the very 
old families of Western North Carolina. He is 
descended from one of two brothers, Avon and 
Joseph, who were pioneers of Stokes County. The 
name at different times was spelled in different 
ways. The first record shows that John Spoen- 
hauer came to North Carolina in 1755. In the first 
United States census of North Carolina, taken in 
1790, the name is spelled Spanehaur. 

Doctor Spainhour was born on a farm in old 
Richmond Township of Forsyth County, North 
Carolina. His grandfather, Solomon Spainhour, 
was a native of Stokes County and the father, 
William Windom Spainhour, was born near Dalton 
in Stokes County. Grandfather Spainhour kept a 
stage station near Dalton, also operated a farm, 
and as was true of many of the early ssttlers 
operated a distillery. He married a Miss Conrad, 
also of pioneer stock. Both lived to a good old 
age. They reared three sons, Theophilus, William 
W. and Wesley, and daughters named Harriet and 
Amelia. Theophilus settled a few miles from the 
homestead on the Little Yadkin River, while Wes- 
ley went out to Iowa. 

William W. Spainhour grew up on the old farm 
in Stokes County, acquired knowledge of agricul- 
tural pursuits, and after leaving home bought land 
about four miles from his father. There he 
engaged in general farming, but with his brother 
Theophilus he also owned and operated a custom 
flour mill. In that locality, with growing honor 
and prosperity, he lived until his death at the 
advanced age of seventy-nine. He married 
Pamelia Grabbs. She was born at Bethania, then 
located in Stokes County. Her father was John 
Grabbs and her mother a Miss Shore, both being 
of early German ancestry. Pamelia Grabbs had 
a brother Edwin and two sisters, Felicia and 
Gelina. Pamelia died at the age of seventy-nine. 
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Spainhour reared nine chil- 
dren: Eben F., Ellen, John S., Edward G., 
Seaton B., Laura F., William W., Ellis H. and 
Alice C, the last two being twins. 

While his life work has been in towns and con- 
nection with professional affairs, Doctor Spain- 
hour grew up in a rural atmosphere. He attended 
district schools, also the Dalton Institute and the 
Pinnacle Academy, located a few miles from Dal- 
ton, and on seriously beginning the preparation 



tor medicine he entered the Baltimore Medical 
College, of Baltimore, Maryland. Doctor Spain- 
hour satisfactorily completed his course anB was 
given his degree in 1898. For a year or so he 
practiced at Oldtown, but in 1900, upon the break- 
ing out of smallpox in Winston, he came to this 
city and accepted the dangerous and difficult posi- 
tion of city health ofBcer. The duties of that 
position having been satisfactorily discharged he 
remained at Winston in general practice. 

He is a man of broad interests and generous 
sympathies. He is affiliated with the Forsyth 
County Medical Society, the North Carolina State 
Medical Society, the Southern Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. He also 
belongs to the Sociological Congress. Fraternally 
he is a member of Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Salem Lodge No. 36, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Salem Encamp- 
ment No 20, of the Odd Fellows, and Evangeline 
Rebekah Lodge No. 27. 

James Orr Cobb is one of the most progressive 
and energetic of the younger business element at 
Winston-Salem, where he is officially identified with 
several of the well-known business organizations. 

He was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, Oc- 
tober 12, 1892, a son of James S. Cobb, a native 
of Caswell County and a grandson of Henry W. 
Cobls Henry W. Cobb, who was of English ances- 
try, had a plantation in Caswell County and died 
there in the prime of life, leaving his son James 
S. and four other sons to assist the widowed 
mother in the management of the farm. James S. 
Cobb spent his early life on the plantation, acquired 
a good business education, and subsequently re- 
moved to Greensboro to engage in the business 
of buying and selling leaf tobacco. That busi- 
ness he has continued to the present time, and 
now has charge of the purchasing department of 
the Liggett Myers Company of St. Louis. James 
S. Cobb married Nannie Orr, who was born in 
Caswell County, daughter of Ezekiel and Annie 
(Forrest) Orr of Scotch ancestry. Mr. and Mrs. 
James S. Cobb, have four children: James Orr, 
Annie Forrest, Mary Howard and John B. 

A liberal education preceded Mr. James O. 
Cobb 's entrance into business affairs. He attended 
public school at Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Rich- 
mond, Virginia, and Durham, North Carolina, and 
is a graduate with the degree of bachelor of sci- 
ence from Davidson College. Following that he 
took postgraduate courses in economics at the 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Cobb located at Winston-Salem in the fall 
of 191.3, and at once entered the real estate busi- 
ness. He is now an official member of the fol- 
lowing organizations: President of the Leake- 
Cobb Company, real estate; president of the Serv- 
ice Insurance Company; president of the Standard 
Improvement Company of Winston-Salem; vice 
president of the Citizens Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation; president of the Corner Building Com- 
pany; president of the Home Agency Company of 
Durham ; vice president of the Jas. T. Catlin & Sou 
Co. of Danville, Virginia; vice president of Bar- 
ber & Cobb, Inc., Winston-Salem ; and president 
of the Mecklenburg Spring Company of Mecklen- 
burg County, Virginia. Mr. Cobb is also well 
known in social and club life and is a member of 
the Twin City Club and the Forsyth Country Club. 
In 1918 Mr. Cobb expects to enter the army. 



34 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Hon. John Henry Clement of Mocksville was 
bom on a farm four miles from that town in 
Davie County October 1, 1828. While now suffer- 
ing the infirmities of old age, he deserves a tribute 
as one who played a prominent part in his active 
career. 

His father, Godfrey Clement, was a native of 
the same locality and his grandfather, Henry Clem- 
ent, was born in Germany and was one of three 
brothers to come to America. Henry Clement 
bought land a mile south of the present site of 
Mocksville, and was an extensive planter with the 
aid of slaves until his death. He reared four sons 
named John, Henry, Godfrey and Jesse, and two 
daughters, Polly and Sallie. Godfrey Clement 
spent his life as a farmer in what is now David 
County, and died about 1831, when John H. was 
three years of age. The mother, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Brown, survived her husband 
only a few years. 

John H. Clement attended the rural schools 
during his youth and ill health compelled him to 
forego the privileges of a college education. In 
May, 1862, he went into the Confederate army as 
a member of Company F, Forty-second North 
Carolina troops, and was with that regiment in its 
many battles in Virginia until the close of the 
war. Mr. Clement reached home on May 10, 1865, 
and then lived on the old homestead farm until 
his marriage to Mary Emily Foster, daughter of 
Berry and Emily Foster. Mrs. Clement died in 
November, 1915. She was the mother of six chU- 
dren, Mary, John H., Foster, Abram, Fred and 
Sarah. 

Mr. Clement was for many years prominent in 
public affairs. He represented his party in the 
Legislature in 1866-67 and in the Senate in 1876-77. 
He has also served as a county commissioner. He 
and his wife long had an active part in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South. . 

Joseph "Wallace Little. A large fund of 
sound natural ability plus a very energetic appli- 
cation to his preliminary work brought Joseph 
Wallace Little to membership in the North Caro- 
lina bar before he was twenty-one years of age. 
He was admitted to the bar in February, 1907, 
and his twenty-first birthday was April 30 of 
the same year. His early education was received 
in the public schools and the North Carolina 
Military Academy at Red Springs, and also a 
business college course at Richmond, Virginia. He 
earned his own living while studying the law 
privately, being employed as a stenograi)her, ami 
thus be brought to his jiractice a thorough train- 
ing in self reliance. In the past ten years he has 
come to a very secure position as one of the mem- 
bers of the bar of Wilmington, and has also 
formed some important Ijusiness relations. 

Mr. Little was born in Mecklenburg County, 
North Carolina, a son of Junius Warren and Eliza- 
beth S. (McKenzie) Little. His father was a 
farmer, and the son spent his early years at the 
old homestead. 

Mr. Little is now vice president of the Home 
Savings Bank of Wilmington, president of the 
Wilmington Printing Company, president of the 
Pythian Castle Hall Corporation, secretary and 
treasurer of the Progressive Building & Loan 
Association. He is also prominent in politics, 
having served as chairman of the New Hanover 
County Democratic Committee and as a member 
of the State Democratic Committee, and in 1916 



was candidate for Congress from tlie Sixth Con- 
gressional District. 

He is the New Hanover County chairman of the 
National War Savings Committee, a member of 
the North Carolina Bar Association, the American 
Bar Association, the Cape Fear Club, the Cape 
Fear Country Club, the Carolina Yacht Club, and 
fraternally is identified with the Knights of 
Pythias, the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics, the Woodmen of the World, the Royal 
Arcanum. He is a deacon in the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

November 16, 1909, Mr. Little married Miss 
Grace Creelman Turlington, of Wilmington. She 
is a daughter of William H. and Grace (Creel- 
man) Turlington. Her father was a Wilmington 
merchant. 

Thomas Maslin has been a resident of Winston- 
Salem since he was twenty-one years of age, and 
has become an im,portant factor in financial circles, 
being now president of the Merchants National 
Bank of that city. 

He has a very interesting ancestral line and is 
himself a native of the City of Baltimore, Mary- 
land. His ancestors originally lived in Belgium, 
where they spelled the name Malines. They were 
Protestants, of the Huguenot class, and on account 
of religious persecution tied from Belgium, went to 
Dieppe, France, and from there emigrated to 
England. Stephen Malines was for forty-nine 
years at the head of the Queen's customs and his 
son Victor was also in the customs service. The 
founder of the family in America was Mr. Maslin 's 
great-grandfather, who was probably born in 
England and came to America in colonial times, 
locating in Virginia. He was a planter, and spent 
most of his life at Gerardstown in what is now 
West Virginia. Hon. Thomas Maslin, grandfather 
of the Winston-Salem banker, was born at Gerards- 
town, and subsequently located at ffioorefield in 
what is now West Virginia, becoming a successful 
breeder of cattle, which he fattened for the for- 
eign markets. He was in that business long before 
railroads became the favorite method of trans- 
portation, and he drove many herds of his fat 
stock across the mountains and over the high- 
ways to market at Philadelphia, from which port 
they were shipped to Liverpool. He was also a 
man of prominence in the public eye, and was a 
member of the Virginia convention which passed 
the ordinance of secession at the beginning of the 
war. His death occurred at Moorefield at the age 
of seventy. His wife was Catherine Seymour, of 
English ancestry and the descendant of Jane 
Seymour. She died at the age of sixty years, hav- 
ing reared nine children : William H., James M., 
Jennie R., Thomas, George C, Julia, Ella, Lelia 
and Sadie. 

William Hanson Maslin, father of Thomas 
Maslin, was born in Moorefield, West Virginia, 
November 21, 1842. He was educated in Moore- 
field Academy, but left at the age of nineteen to 
enlist in the Confederate army. He was a loyal 
and hard fighting soldier until the close of the war, 
and then went to Cliillicothe, Ohio, where he had 
the advantages of higher studies in an academy 
and while there made his home with Thomas 
Woodrow. After completing his education he 
engaged in the wholesale dry goods business as 
member of the firm of Henry, Maslin & Company 
of Baltimore, Maryland. His career was success- 
ful though brief, and his death occurred at the 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



35 



age of thirty-eight. He married Alice Virginia 
MeCouky, who was boru at Baltimore, daughter of 
James M. MeOonky. She is now living at Winston- 
Salem, the mother of three children: Thomas, 
Edna G. and William Hanson, Jr. 

Thomas Masliu made the most of his early 
opportunities to obtain an education, attending 
the public schools of Baltimore and also the Balti- 
more City College. He was just twenty-one years 
of age when he came to Winston-Salem and imme- 
diately accepted the position of bookkeeper in the 
Wachovia Loan and Trust Company. He gained a 
thorough and fundamental knowledge of banking 
with that company and was one of its trusted 
employes until 1910, when he resigned and put his 
experience and his self confidence to test in the 
organization of the Merchants National Bank, 
which is now one of the strongest and best known 
financial institutions of Forsyth County. From 
its organization Mr. Maslin has served as vice 
president and cashier, and is now president. 

He was married in September, 1906, to Miss 
Martha Murfree Maney. Mrs. Maslin was born in 
Nashville, Tennessee, a daughter of Thomas H. 
and Ida (Morris) Maney. The four daughters 
born to their union are named Martha Maney, 
Anne Rhea, Virginia G. and Cornelia. Mr. and 
Mrs. Maslin are members of the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

Charles S. Lawrence, M. D. During his pro- 
fessional experience in Winston-Salem, which 
covers a period of seven years. Doctor Lawrence 
has been best known by his exceptional skill as a 
surgeon. He brought to his profession a thorough 
training acquired both in this country and abroad, 
and he took up the study of medicine after a long 
and varied service in the United States Regular 
Army and its medical corps. 

Doctor Lawrence is a native of Quaker Gap 
Township, Stokes County, North Carolina. Hia 
grandfather, James Lawrence, was born in Vir- 
ginia, and on coming to North Carolina located in 
Quaker Gap Township, where he followed farming 
until his death. William A. Lawrence, father of 
Doctor Lawrence, was born on a plantation in 
Stokes County, grew up on a farm and after reach- 
ing manhood bought a place near the old home. 
He lived there until 1885, when he removed to 
Eldora Township in Surry County and again 
bought land and continued its operation as a 
farmer until his death in 1914, at the age of sixty- 
four. He married Matilda Cliristian, who was 
born in Stokes County, North Carolina, daughter 
of Charles and Matilda (Page) Christian. Mrs. 
William Lawrence is still living in Surry County. 
Her family consisted of five sons and one daugh- 
ter: Robert, James, Charles S., Willis F., Hartie 
and Luther. 

Doctor Lawrence was educated in the rural 
schools of Surry County and in Siloam Academy in 
the same county. His first important experience, 
and one which gave him a large knowledge of the 
world, came in 1897 when he enlisted in the Fifth 
Regiment, United States Artillery. He was with 
that regiment for three years, and during that 
time the Spanish-American war occurred and the 
Philippine insurrection. He spent two years in 
the Philippines, and also went with the United 
States Army to China and took part in the Allied 
expedition to put down the Boxer uprising. After 
his honorable discharge from the regular service 
he enlisted in the Medical Department of the 



army, and that experience opened up to him his 
permanent vocation. 

On leaving the army Doctor Lawrence entered 
the medical department of the George Washington 
University of Washington, D. C, where he was 
graduated M. D. in 1908. Returning to his native 
state, he practiced two and a half years at Mount 
Airy and then came to Winston-Salem, where he 
has specialized in surgery. Several post-gradu- 
ate courses have enlarged his view and knowledge, 
and in 1914 he went abroad and visited clinics in 
the leading hospitals of European cities. H* re- 
turned to this country at about the outbreak of 
the European war. 

Doctor Lawrence was married in 1909 to Alice 
George, a native of Stokes County and a daugh- 
ter of Robert W. and Margaret (Hatcher) George. 
Doctor Lawrence is a member of the Forsyth 
County and the North Carolina State Medical 
.societies and the American Medical Association. 
Fraternally he is affiliated with Winston Lodge No 
167, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Winston 
Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch Masons, Piedmont 
Commandery No. 6, Knights Templar, and Oasis 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Charlotte. In his 
home city he is a member of the Twin City and 
the Forsyth Country Club. 

At the outbreak of the war between the United 
States and Germany Doctor Lawrence was com- 
missioned captain in the Medical Reserve Corps 
and was assigned to duty as captain in the Red 
Cross Ambulance Company No. 31, a volunteer unit 
organized by the Red Cross Chapter at Greens- 
boro, North Carolina. Its members are composed 
of young men in this section of the state. Later 
the company was assigned to the National Army 
and the number changed to No. 321. 

Waverly Blackwood Strachan of Salisbury 
has had a long and successful experience in rail- 
roading, real estate and banking affairs. For the 
past eight years he has been cashier of the First 
National Bank of Salisbury and is well known 
among North Carolina bankers. 

He was born at Snow Hill in Greene County, 
North Carolina, and of old and prominent Virginia 
ancestry on both sides. His father, Dr. Joseph B. 
Strachan, was born in Petersburg, Virginia, was 
educated in Lexington Military Institute and took 
his medical course in Jefferson Medical College at 
Philadelphia, from which he graduated. He began 
practice at Snow Hill, North Carolina, afterwards 
moved to Johnston County, and from there to 
Princeton, where he practiced for many years and 
where he died in 1910. Doctor Strachan married 
Minnie Ruffin, who is still living at Princeton, 
North Carolina, and she is a member of the dis- 
tinguished family of Ruffin which was represented 
by her remote ancestor, William RuflSn, in Isle of 
Wight County, Virginia, as early as 1666. Robert 
Ruffin, Sr., a son of this Virginian, was the pioneer 
founder of the Ruffin name in Surry County, North 
Carolina. From Robert Ruffin, Sr., to Mrs. Doctor 
Strachan the line of descent is through the fol- 
lowing: Robert and Elizabeth Watkins RuiJin, Col. 
John and Polly (H.awkins) Ruffin, Thomas and 
Susan (Harris) Ruffin, and Thomas and Maria 
(Wilson) Ruffin, the latter being the parents of 
Mrs. Doctor Strachan. Doctor and Mrs. Strachan 
had one son and two daughters, Hattie and Min- 
nie. Hattie is the wife of J. H. Herbert of Rooky 
Mount, North Carolina, and Minnie is the wife 
of Paul C. Duncan of Clayton, this state. 



36 



HISTOKY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Waverly B. Strachan besides the early advantages 
obtained "at his father's home was a student under 
a noted educator. Prof. Alphonso Smith, principal 
of the high school at Selma. Alabama. As a boy 
he learned telegraphy and his first regular em- 
ployment was with the old Richmond and Danville 
Railway as telegraph operator. He remained with 
that road when it was taken over by the Southern 
Railwav Company and was continuously faithful 
and efficient in "its service until 1901. During 
that time he served as station agent at Salisbury 
and was also traveling auditor and in the law 
ilepartment. He finally resigned his position to 
take up real estate and insurance and in 1910 
was elected to his present responsibilities as cashier 
of the First National Bank of Salisbury. 

Mr. Strachan served four years as a member 
of the board of aldermen and during that tinie 
was chairman of the finance committee. He is 
affiliated with Andrew Jackson Lodge, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons; Salisbury Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons; Salisbury Commandery No. 
i:<," Knights Temjilar. Mrs. Strachan is an active 
member of the Salisbury Presbyterian Church. 
Mr. Strachan married in 1901 Miss Henrietta Mc- 
Neelev, who was born at Salisbury, daughter of 
Julius and Henrietta (Hall) McNeeley. Mr. and 
Mrs. Strachan have one daughter, Mildred. 

Juxius D.\xiEL Grimes. Seemingly designed 
by nature for the law and in his preparation and 
early practice enjoying unusual advantages and 
opi)ortunities, Junius D. Grimes, one of the able 
members of the Washington bar, has in his pro- 
fessional capacity won a solid reputation. 

Mr. Grimes was born at Grimesland, North Caro- 
lina, October 31, 1878, a son of Bryan and Charlotte 
E. (Bryan) Grimes. Mr. Grimes received part 
of his "early training in a private school at Ra- 
leigh, and in 1899 graduated A. B. from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. He took his law 
course in the law school at Georgetown, District 
of Columbia, receiving his LL. B. degree iu 1902. 
Admitted to the bar the same year, he began 
practice at Washington and since 190.5 has been 
member of the well known firm of Ward & Grimes. 
Mr. Grimes served for several years as city at- 
torney of Washington, and has shown great ability 
in handling the increasing complexities of an im- 
portant practice. 

He is a member of the school board, a trustee 
of the State Normal School at Greensboro, a di- 
rector of the Savings & Trust Company of Wash- 
ington, trustee of the W^ashington Tobacco 
Warehouse Association and a director of the 
Washington Cotton Storehouse Association. He 
belongs to the North Carolina Bar Association. 

September 27, 1904, Mr. Grimes married Miss 
Ida K. Wharton, of Clemmons, Forsyth County, 
North Carolina, daughter of Albert C. and Eliza 
A. (Hill) Wharton. Her father was a farmer. 
Mr. and Mrs. Grimes have four children: Bryan, 
Eliza Hill, Charlotte Emily and Junius Daniel, 
Jr. 

WiLLUM A. Lemly was for over forty years 
one of the active figures in banking circles at old 
Salem and in Winston-Salem. He became a 
banker almost as soon as the war closed, in 
which he had played a gallant part as a boy 
soldier. Mr. Lemlv is now enjoying a vigorous old 
age, and has many interests and associations 
with his home city. 



He represents that sturdj- Moravian stock which 
so largely populated and developed Western North 
Carolina in early times. Mr. Lemly was born on a 
farm near Bethania, North Carolina, a son of 
Henry A. Lemly, who was born at Salisbury, North 
Carolina, in 1812, a son of Samuel Lemly. Samuel 
Lemly was for many years a merchant at Salis- 
bury, but subsequently moved to Jackson, Missis- 
sippi, where he and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Furr, spent their last years. Henry 
A. Lemly was reared and educated in Salisbury, 
and also became a merchant. When a young man 
he moved to Bethania, married there, and soon 
located on his father-in-law's farm. This place 
he operated with the aid of slaves for several 
years, but eventually removed to Salem in order 
to give his children the advantages of the fine 
schools of that town. In Salem he passed his later 
years and died at the age of seventy-four. He 
married Amanda Conrad, who was born near 
Bethania. Her father, Jacob Conrad, a native of 
Berks County, Pennsylvania, came to North Caro- 
lina with three brothers, Isaac, John and Abraham. 
Jacob and Abraham located near Bethania, while 
Isaac and John found homes in the Yadkin River 
Valley in what is now Yadkin County. Besides the 
farm "near Bethania which he developed and owned 
.lacob Conrad also had a store. He married 
Elizabeth Lash. Her father. Christian Lash, was 
born near Bethania and, according to the family 
record, was a son of Jacob Loesch, whose name 
figures prominently in the early history of the 
Moravian colony, of which he was business man- 
ager for many years. The Conrads and Lashes 
were all active Moravians. Mrs. Henry A. Lemly, 
who died at the age of ninety-four, reared six chil- 
dren: Elizabeth, Laura, Ithiel T., Henry R., Wil- 
liam A. and Samuel C. Several of the sons had 
distinguished careers. Henry was for twenty years 
in the regular army, finally retiring with the rank 
of captain and is "now a resident of Washington, 
District of Columbia. Samuel C. was Judge Advo- 
cate General of the United States Na^•y for twelve 
years, and is now deceased. Ithiel is a farmer 
near Asheville. 

Mr. William A. Lemly was educated in the Boys ' 
School at Salem, but at the age of seventeen gave 
up his studies to enter the Confederate army as a 
musician in the Twenty-sixth Regiment. North 
Carolina troops. Going to the front, he joined the 
army of Northern Virginia and was with his com- 
mand through all its service until in the early days 
of April, 1865, he was captured by the enemy near 
Petersburg. Taken to Point Lookout, Maryland, 
he remained a prisoner of war until the following 
June, when he was released and returned home. 

With the organization of the First National 
Bank at Salem toward the close of the year 1865 
this young soldier, then in his nineteenth year, was 
elected cashier. With fidelity and untiring 
industry he performed the duties of this position 
for thirteen years. Upon the death of his uncle, 
Israel G. Lash, president of the bank, its affairs 
were wound up. The First National Bank was 
followed bv the immediate organization of the 
Wax-hovia Bank, and in this new institution Mr. 
Lemly again assumed the responsibilities of 
cashier. With the death of the bank's president 
Wyatt F. Bovrman, Mr. Lemly was elected his suc- 
cessor, and he continued to give his service to the 
executive management of this institution until ill 
health finally compelled him to resign. For forty- 



. w L^-i^ ^ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



37 



two years lie liad been continuous!}' identitied with 
banking, and as much as any other man he was 
responsible for the strength and integrity of the 
great bank of which he was president. 

Since he gave up the work which had employed 
him for so many years and which brought his 
breakdown in health, Mr. Lemly has completely 
recovered his strength and vigor, and now employs 
his time in looking after his private affairs. He 
has interests in several industrial corporations, and 
also owns much farming land. He is one of the 
esteemed members of the Twin City Club and the 
Forsyth Country Club and he and his wife belong 
to the Home Moravian Church. 

He tirst married, in 1874, Bertha C. Belo, a 
native of Salem and a daughter of Edward and 
Carolina Amanda (Pries) Belo. Mrs. Lemly died 
in 1883. In 1884 he married Emily Louisa de 
Schweinitz, also a native of Salem, and daughter 
of Emil Adolphus and Sophia Amelia (Hermann) 
de Schweinitz. 

Mr. Lemly has two sons, William B. and 
Frederick H. William B. is now serving with the 
rank of lieutenant colonel in the United States 
Marine Corps, and by his marriage to Adelaide 
von Windegger, of St. Louis, who died in 1916, he 
has two sons, William C. and Frederick Von 
Windegger. The second son, Frederick H., gave 
five years of service in the United States Navy, 
was promoted to paymaster, but resigned and 
returned home to assist his father during the lat- 
ter 's ill health. He was an active farmer in the 
spring of 1917, in Charles County, Maryland. He 
joined the reserves and is now assistant paymaster 
on the Von Stuben. Both sons are now in France. 
The older son, William B., was in the Quarter- 
master Department in the Philippines and was 
wounded at Teusems. He was all through the cam- 
paign during the Boxer uprising in China. Mr. 
William A. Lemly 's brother, Samuel C, was with 
Schley during his expedition in the North. 

James B. Whittington, M. D., received a long 
and careful preparation for his chosen profession, 
and is now successfully identified with his calling 
at Winston-Salem. 

Doctor Whittington was born in the Town of 
East Bend in Yadkin County, North Carolina, a 
son of James Madison and Bettie (Benbow) Whit- 
tington. Further reference to the family history 
is made on other pages, but it should be noted 
that in the maternal line Doctor Whittington is a 
grandson of Dr. Evan and Bettie Benbow, great- 
grandson of Thomas and Ann (Mendenhall) Ben- 
bow, while Thomas Benbow was a son of Thomas 
and Anna (Stanley) Benbow and a grandson of 
Charles and Mary (Colver) Benbow, all consti- 
tuting one of the notable families of North Caro- 
lina. 

Doctor Whittington attended school in his home 
vicinity of East Bend, also in the Salem Boys ' 
School, and took the literary course of Guilford 
College. He studied pharmacy in the University 
of North Carolina, and in 1911 finished his course 
and received the M. D. degree from the North 
Carolina Medical College. Before taking up active 
Ijractice lie spent two years as an interne in the 
Sheltering Arms Hospital at Charleston, West 
Virginia, and then located at Winston-Salem, 
where he has rapidly attained a reputation among 
the leading practitioners. He is a member of the 
Forsyth County and North Carolina State Medical 
societies and the American Medical Association, 



Doctor Whittington married in 1914 Lisa Madi- 
son Shepherd. She was born at Orange, Virginia, 
and is a grandnieee of President James Madison. 
Doctor Whittington is affiliated with Salem Lodge 
No. 289, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Win- 
ston Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch Masons, Pied- 
mont Commandery No. 6, Knights Templar, and 
also Salem Lodge No. 56, Knights of Pythias and 
the East Bend Lodge of Odd Fellows. 

.John' S. McKee, M. D., took his degree in 
medicine from the medical department of the Uui- 
\ersity of Maryland in 1907. Pfe spent one year in 
hospital work there and since his return to his 
native City of Raleigh has been in active general 
practice. In 1913 he was appointed city physician 
and since 1914 has been physician to the Confed- 
erate Soldiers' Home and St. Luke's Hospital. 
He is also ^siting physician to the Rex Hospital 
and physician to the Carolina Power and Light 
Company. 

His early training was of the best, his associa- 
tions since beginning practice have been with those 
institutions and organizations that are among the 
most prominent in the state and city, and on these 
grounds and in the general esteem of his fellow 
jiractitioners he is one of the leaders of his pro- 
fession today. 

He was born July 16, 1878, a son of Dr. James 
McKee. His early education was acquired in the 
Raleigh Male Academy, in the Horner Military 
Academy, in the Fayetteville Military Academy, 
and in the literary department of the University 
of North Carolina. After his university course 
he entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. He is now a member of 
the Raleigh Academy of Medicine and the North 
Carolina Medical Society, belongs to the Raleigh 
Chamber of Commerce and the Country Club, the 
.lunior Order of United American Mechanics and 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Young Men 's Christian Association. Doctor Mc- 
Kee married Miss Elizabeth Dudley Purnell of 
Raleigh. They have one son, John S., Jr. 

William Hyman Ellison is one of the men 
who have supplied much of the energy and busi- 
ness judgment to the prospering commercial affairs 
of Washington in recent years. He is the execu- 
tive manager of a wholesale grocery house, has 
various other business interests, and has taken a 
public spirited part in local affairs. 

Mr. Ellison was born at Washington, North 
Carolina, December 24, 1882, a son of Charles 
Franklin and Emma (Rosenthal) Ellison. His 
father was a farmer near Washington and when 
William H. was eleven years of age the family 
moveil to Kinston. The latter attended private 
schools, later the public schools, and for two years 
had instruction in business courses under Prof. 
R. H. Lewis. Some of his preliminary business 
experience was with a manufacturing concern at 
Baltimore, Maryland, and on returning to Wash- 
ington, his birtliplaee, he was bookkeeper for the 
Old Dominion Steamship Company, later with a 
wholesale hardware house, and in 1907 organized 
tlie Ellison Brothers Company, wholesale grocers. 
This is now a leading enterprise of the kind and 
has business connections all over the eastern half 
of the state. Mr. Allison is secretary, treasurer 
aiul manager of the corporation, and is also secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Pamlico Brick and Tile 
Company. He is chairman of the Township Road 



38 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Committee and vice president of the Chamber of 
Commerce and is past exalted ruler of the local 
lodge of Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
On March 30, 1909, Mr. Ellison marrieil Mary 
M. Blount, daughter of tlie late Dr. William A. 
Blount, of Washington. They are the parents of 
four children: William Blount, John Gray, Hyman 
and Catherine Masters. 

Hon. Garland E. Webb has been a business man 
and resident of Winston-Salem for a long period 
of years. He has formed many prominent and in- 
fluential business associations, and in one way or 
another has done much to promote the betterment 
and general improvement of his home city. 

A native of North Carolina, he vpas born in 
Mangum Township in that portion of Orange 
County that i.s now Durham County. His grand- 
father was at one time in the .iewelry business in 
the City of Washington and later at Baltimore, 
where he died The grandmotlier 's maiden name 
was Elizabeth Desreaux. She was born on the 
Island of San Domingo. Her father, a Frenchman, 
had an extensive plantation there but was driven 
out as a result of one of the periodical insurrec- 
tions which have marked and stained the history of 
that island for centuries. Coming to the United 
States, he located in Baltimore, where he spent his 
last years. Mr. Webb 's grandmother married for 
her second husband Mr. Louizo, and she spent her 
last years in Baltimore. 

Col. Robert Fulton Webb, father of Mr. 
Webb, was born in Washington, District of Colum- 
bia, in 1826, was liberally educated in the schools 
of that city and in Baltimore, and when twenty- 
two years of age he formed the acquaintance in 
Baltimore of Rev. Mr. McMannen, of Orange 
County, North Carolina. Rev. Mr. McMannen in 
addition to his duties as a local preacher was a 
manufacturer of furniture and also published a 
religious chart. Colonel Webb became associated 
in this business and that was what brought him 
to North Carolina. At the outbreak of the Mexi- 
can war he resigned his business connections and 
enlisted in the First Regiment of North Carolina 
Troops. He was commissioned lieutenant of his 
company, went with the regiment to Mexico, and 
saw an extended service in that country until the 
close of hostilities. Coming back to North Caro- 
lina he again engaged in the manufacture of furni- 
ture and was also a farmer at Flat River. After 
about a dozen years of this quiet vocation the war 
broke out between the states. He immediately 
raised a company known as the Flat River Guards. 
He recruited and organized this company on the 
site now occupied by the railroad shops at the 
Town of Burlington in Alamance County. The 
youngest member of this organization, and by 
virtue of that service the youngest soldier either 
on the northern or southern sides in the war was 
Garland E. Webb. The latter was then seven years 
old. Wlien his father raised the company the boy 
enlisted as a drummer and during the rallying of 
the recruits he urged them to patriotic fervor by 
the rattling of his drum. He also went to the site 
of the railroad shops and beat the drum during 
the roll call while the regiment was being organ- 
ized. That constituted his military experience, his 
services not being required after that. 

The Flat River Guards were attached to the 
Sixth Regiment, North Carolina Troops, and 
designated as Company B. Robert Fulton Webb 



was commissioned captain of the company on 
May 16, 1861, and was promoted to major July 
11th, of the same year. Subsequently he became 
lieutenant colonel in the regiment. He was with 
his command in all its movements back and forth 
over the Confederacy and was present in some of 
the most historic battles of the war. In November, 
1863, he was captured and was taken north to 
Johnson's Island in Lake Erie, off Sandusky. He 
subsequently wrote a very interesting account of 
the capture and confinement of himself and com- 
rades on the island, and that account appears in a 
history of North Carolina Regiments and Bat- 
talions published by Walter CHark in 1901. Colonel 
Webb remained a prisoner of war until July, 1865, 
when he was released and returned home. On 
resuming the occupations of peace he became a 
merchant and farmer at Flat River, but in 1877 
changed his residence to Durham, where he became 
a dealer in and exporter of leaf tobacco. Durham 
was his home until his death. 

Colonel Webb married Amanda Mangum. Her 
father, Ellison G. Mangum, was born in Orange 
County, North Carolina, and spent his life there, 
being an extensive planter, a large slave owner and 
a merchant. An extended account of the Mangum 
family may be found in Vol. 5 of the Ashe 
Biographical History of North Carolina. Ellison 
G. Mangum married Elizabeth Harris, who also 
spent her life in Orange County. Colonel Webb's 
wife died in 1872, having reared three children. 
Catherine married P. T. Conrad and Virginia 
became the wife of Charles Crabtree. 

Garland E. Webb 's first important experience 
in life has already been referred to in connection 
with the organization of the military company by 
his father. After that he attended schools and 
had most of his instruction under private tutors. 
One of his tutors was Dr. A. W. Mangum, Pro- 
fessor of English at the University of North Caro- 
lina. He also had a course in Bryant and Strat- 
ton 's Business College at Baltimore. During his 
early youth he had some experience clerking in his 
father's store, and at the age of twenty he 
removed to Durham and became bookkeeper and 
salesman for J. F. Freeland, a general merchant. 
A year later, in 1876, he went to Philadelphia, 
during the year of the centennial, spent one year 
in that city, and then returned to Durham. For 
ten years he acted as auctioneer at the ware- 
house of E. J. Parish. As an auctioneer he has 
few peers in the state, and he has followed the 
business or profession most of his active life. 
While at Durham his public services began. He 
was elected clerk and treasurer of the Town of 
Durham. Mr. Webb has had an extensive expe- 
rience in North Carolina journalism. He was 
proprietor and editor of the Durham Recorder. 

In 1886 he removed to the new Town of Winston 
and spent five years with A. B. Gorrell as auc- 
tioneer. Then associated with W. P. Watt, of 
Reidsville, he leased a warehouse and operated it 
two years under the firm name of Watt & Webb. 
In the meantime he was elected a member of the 
board of aldermen and was mayor pro tern. On 
the death of Mayor Kerner he was elected mayor. 
In 1894 Mr. Webb became auctioneer for the firm 
of M. Norfleet, and has followed that business 
steadily to the present time. For some years he 
has also edited and published the Southern Tobacco 
Journal and is a recognized authority on the 
tobacco business of the South. Mr. Webb is now 
a member of the board of aldermen of Winston- 




GARLAND E. WEBB 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



39 



Salem, and again occupies the office of mayor 
pro tern. He is also a member ami vice chairman 
of the school board of Winston Salem and for 
twelve years has been secretary and general man- 
ager of the Piedmont Fair Association. For five 
years he has been secretary and treasurer of the 
Tobacco Association of the United States. 

At Lancaster, Massachusetts, in 1883 he married 
Miss Adeline Emmerson Holman. The officiating 
clergyman at the marriage was Doctor Bartol. Mr. 
and Mrs. Webb had four children: Charlotte, 
Adeline, A. Magnum and Calvin. Mrs. Webb 
died in September, 1914. She was a devout mem- 
ber of the First Presbyterian Church, with which 
Mr. Webb is also identified. In June, 1917, Mr. 
Webb married Miss Annie Laur Forgan, of Ogle, 
Virginia. 

Zachariah Taylor Btnum. A surviving vet- 
eran of the war between the states, and for many 
years identified with the tobacco industry in West- 
ern North Carolina, Zachariah Taylor Bynum ia 
still active as a business man and citizen of Win- 
stonSalem. 

He represents an old and well known family of 
North Carolina. His birth occurred on a planta- 
tion in Chatham County, April 14, 1847. His 
grandfather, Mark Bynum, owned and operated 
a plantation on the Haw River in Chatham County, 
and gave his best years to the prosecution of its 
management and to the discharge of his duties as 
a local citizen. 

Turner Bynum, father of Zachariah T., was 
born on a plantation in Chatham County in 1808. 
With such advantages as were supplied by the 
rural schools of his time, he grew to manhood and 
then bought a plantation on Haw Kiver ad.ioining 
the old home place. He owned a number of slaves 
and was rated one of the very substantial men of 
that community. His death occurred in 1873. He 
was a man of affairs and at one time served as 
representative in the State Assembly, filling that 
office several terms, and was also chairman of the 
County Court. He married Julia Ward. She was 
born in Wake County, North Carolina, and died 
in 1865. Both were active in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. They reared five sons and four 
daughters, named Joseph M., Alvis Jesse, Zacha- 
riah T., Rufus, Turner, Elizabeth, Sarah, Minnie 
and Pattie. Three of the sons, Joseph, Alvis and 
Zachariah, were soldiers in the Confederate Army. 
Joseph went to the war with a Mississippi regiment, 
while Alvis was with the Chatham Rifles. 

Zachariah T. Bynum spent his early youth on 
the home plantation, and was only fourteen years 
of ago when the war broke out. In April, 1864, at 
the age of seventeen, he enlisted in Company H of 
the Seventy-first Regiment North Carolina troops, 
and was with that command through all its re- 
maining service. He participated in the last impor- 
tant battle of the war, Bentonville, and soon after 
wards was paroled and returned home. He sur- 
rendered with his regiment at Greensboro. 

After his military service Mr. Bynum engaged 
in farming for two years, following which for 
three years he was in the mercantile business at 
Raleigh. He then resumed merchandising in the 
old home community where he was located until 
1878. In that year he came to Winston and be- 
came a tobacco manufacturer under the firm name 
of Bymim & Colton. This firm was continued 



with successful results until 1893. In 1895 Mr. 
Bynum was appointed supervisor of tobacco sales 
of the western market, and has filled that position 
ever since. He is a man of excellent business judg- 
ment and familiar with every phase of the tobacco 
industry from its growing to its manufacture and 
ultimate market. 

Mr. Bynum was married in 1872 to Annie Tenny. 
She was born at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 
daughter of William and Jane Tenny. Mrs. By- 
num died in October, 1904. To their marriage 
were born six children, named Brooks, Taylor J., 
Turner, Annie, Julia and Grace. The son Brooks 
is married and has a son named Brooks, Jr. Annie 
is the wife of Thomas Kapp and has 3 daughter 
Elizabeth. Mr. Bynum has for thirty-seven years 
been treasurer of the Centenary Methodist Epis- 
copal Church at Winston-Salem and his *ife was 
also a loyal worker in that denomination as long 
as she lived. 

William W. Miller, for many years an 
esteemed and respected resident of Mocksville, 
was a valued member of his community, and those 
who knew him best reposed implicit confidence in 
his honesty, integrity and fidelity. He was born 
January 31, 1856, in Yadkin County, North Caro- 
lina, a son of Sanford and Caroline (Woodruff) 
Miller. 

Growing to man 's estate in his native county, 
Mr. Miller received a practical education in the 
public schools, being fitted for a business career. 
Locating as a young man in Forsyth County, he 
was engaged in the manufacture of tobacco in 
Winston for a number of years. Having accumu- 
lated considerable money, he bought a farm in 
Davie County, and to its management devoted 
much thought and energy, continuing its super- 
vision until his death, December 2, 1900, while yet 
in the prime of manhood. 

Mr. Miller married, October 18, 1882, Maggie 
Booe. She was born in Davie County, North 
Carolina, a daughter of Alexander and Sarah 
(Clement) Booe. Six daughters blessed their mar- 
riage, namely : Maude Clement, wife of Herbert 
Birdsall; Anita, wife of Carl Sherrill; Sarah; 
Millie; Carolyn, wife of Price Sherrill; and Ruth. 
Mrs. Miller is a faithful and valued member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and reared her family 
in the same religious faith. 

John Hare Bonner, an accomplished young 
lawyer, now serving as deputy collector of tTnited 
States customs at the Port of Washington, is 
identified with Beaufort County by many excep- 
tional ties of family association and interest. 
He is descended from that James Bonner who is 
given credit in history as the founder of the Town 
of Washington. The land in this section was orig- 
inally granted to Chris'topher Dudley, but about 
1729 it passed to the Bonner brothers, James and 
Thomas. Their grant consisted of 337 acres, ex- 
tending from back of the Hotel Louise in Wash- 
ington to Runyon Creek. They also owned an 
extensive plantation in Southern Beaufort County, 
comprising thousands of acres. The Bonners in 
Beaufort County were ardent patriots of the Revo- 
lution, and one of them was commander of the 
Beaufort County militia. 

John Hare Bonner was born in Beaufort County 
July 9, 1887, a son of Macon Herbert and Hannah 
SellDy (Hare) Bonner. Through his mother Mr. 



40 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



Bonner is of Irish stock. His father was for many 
years a boatmaster and pilot in the navigation of 
Eastern North Carolina rivers and other vpaters. 

John H. Bonner was educated in the public 
schools, in the Trinity School at Chocowinity, North 
Carolina, and after that had some experience in 
the cotton business at Washington and Greensboro; 
and for eighteen months was connected with the 
Norfolk & Southern Railroad at Norfolk, Virginia. 
He studied law in law ofiSces for three years, 
finishing at the law department of the University 
of North Carolina, and was admitted to practice 
February 7, 1910. He has handled a general 
practice at Washington since his admission to 
the bar. He is also a director of the Washington 
Building and Loan Association. Mr. Bonner is 
affiliated with the Masonic Order aiul the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, in both of 
which he has held several positions of trust. 

Vann M. Long. M. D., is a specialist enjoying 
high rank and a fine practice at Winston-Salem, 
where he has been located for a number of years. 
He is a product of North Carolina 's best educa- 
tional facilities and resources and thorough train- 
ing and experience have broadened and accentu- 
ated his exceptional talents for his profession. 

Doctor Long was born on a plantation in Goose 
Creek Township of Union County, North Carolina. 
His people have been in North Carolina for a 
great many years. His grandfather, John Long, 
was born in Union County and became a very suc- 
cessful farmer, having a large plantation in Goose 
Creek Township. He married Margaret Russell, 
who so far as known was a lifelong resident of 
Union County. 

John Cicero Long, father of Doctor Long, was 
born January 21, 1842, on the same plantation as 
his son. He grew up there, and at the outbreak of 
the war between the states enlisted in a regi- 
ment of North Carolina troops. While on duty he 
was shot by a sharpshooter, and it was supposed 
that he was mortally wounded. He was taken to 
a hospital, and as a result of careful nursing he 
finally recovered and was able to report for duty. 
From that time until the close of the war he did 
guard duty at Charlotte. Having inherited a part 
of his father's estate, he bought the interests of 
the other heirs, and as sole owner he became one 
of the most successful farmers in Union County. 
He personally supervised the farm until 1900, wjien, 
he moved to Unionville, but after two years 
returned to his plantation and again superintended 
its fork for two years. He then retired and 
removing to Davidson College lived there until his 
death on October 8, 1912. John C. Long married 
Nancy Jane Winfree. She was born in Wades- 
boro, Anson County, North Carolina, in 1846, and 
died December 23, 1912. Her parents were Henry 
and Thetus (Teal) Winfree. Her paternal grand- 
parents were natives of England and coming to 
America settled in Virginia and from that state 
their numerous family have become widely dis- 
persed. Henry Winfree was a planter in Anson 
County aJid before the war operated with slave 
labor. He died when about sixty years of age 
and his wife survived him and lived to be ninety. 
John C. Long and wife reared six children: Min- 
nie, Alonzo, Hattie, Louis, Vann M. and Neal. 
The daughter Minnie is the wife of J. A. Helms, 
while Hattie married J. H. Forbes. 

Doctor Long, though reared in the country, early 
set his mind upon a profession and after attend- 



ing the district schools was a student in Unionville 
High School and Mint Hill High School. He took 
up the study of medicine in the North Carolina 
Medical College at Davidson and Charlotte, and in 
1906 gi-adnated with his degree. For four years 
Doctor Long practiced at Newell Station in Meck- 
lenburg County. His success there justified him in 
removing to a larger community, and locating at 
Winston-Salem he soon acquired a large practice. 
Doctor Long gave his time to the general practice 
of medicine until 1916, and since that date has 
been a specialist. 

He is an active member of the Forsyth County 
and State Medical Societies and the American 
Medical Association. He is affiliated with Win- 
ston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Twin City Camp No. 27, Woodmen of 
the World. 

Dr. Long was married October 11, 1911, to Miss 
Hannah Bryce McLaughlin. Mrs. Long was born 
at Newell Station in Mecklenburg County, daugh- 
ter of James Bryce and Annie (Sturges) Mc- 
Laughlin. Dr. and Mrs. Long have one son, Vann 
M., Jr. 

William T. Vogler. Among those substantial 
people, the Moravians, who contributed so much 
to the early character and industry of several 
counties of Western North Carolina, including 
Forsyth, hardly a better known family in name 
exists than that of Vogler. Many branches of the 
family are represented in and about Winston- 
Salem, and one of the individuals is William T. 
Vogler, the veteran jeweler of Winston Salem and 
also prominent in banking and church affairs. _ 

The record of this liranch of the family begins 
with Phillip Vogler, who was born in Gundelsheim 
in the German Palatinate in 1725. General Waldo, 
a native of Germany, acquired some large tracts 
of land in th.e vicinity of what is now Waldo, 
Maine. In order to develop the land he promised 
two hundred acres and support for six months' 
time to each of his countrymen who would cross 
the ocean and settle there. Phillip Vogler 's 
parents were among those attracted by this offer 
and comprised the colony that left Germany in 
174,5 and came to America. They landed on the 
coast of Maine late in the fall, and found shelter 
in the woods sixteen miles from any other white 
settlement. They were ill prepared for the severe 
winter that followed, and endured terrible suffer- 
ings, several of the colony dying from hunger and 
exposure. The Indians were also hostile, and 
Phillip Vogler 's father fell a victim to their en- 
mity. Phillip Vogler himself was thrust into the 
service of the Colonial forces, and did duty in 
border protection for four years. After the death 
of General Waldo the title to his lands was dis- 
puted, and during the troubles that followed 
many of the occupants of the separate homesteads 
either paid again for the right of possession or 
else surrendered their claim altogether and sought 
homes elsewhere. 

In the meantime Moravian missionaries from 
Pennsylvania had visited the German colonists 
about Waldo, and as a means of escaping the 
persecution and oppression they recommended 
North Carolina as a place of refuge. Phillip Vog- 
ler, with his and other families, accordingly set 
sail in 1770 for the Southland. The vessel that 
carried them was wrecked off Virginia Beach. 
The passengers and crew landed on a near-by 
island, and some days later a passing vessel 



ASTOR, 
TT!_nE!- 



fOilKDATlONSj 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



41 



picked them up and carried them to Wilmington. 
Thence they proceeded to what was known as 
Cross Creek, now Fayetteville, North Carolina, 
and from there came to the Moravian settlement 
in what is now Forsyth County. It should be 
remembered that this was several years before the 
outbreak of tlie Kevolutionary war. Only a fringe 
of settlement had extended westward toward the 
Blue Ridge Mountains, and this section of the 
Carolinas was still virtually a wilderness. Indians 
were numerous and were more or less hostile, 
unwilling to give up their hunting grounds with- 
out some struggle against the advancing tide of 
white settlement. In .such condition the little 
colony from Maine bought land in the southeast 
corner of Wachovia tract and named it Broad Bay 
in honor of the name of the locality where Ihey 
had lived in Maine. In 1771 nine houses were 
built there. All these settlers had embraced the 
Moravian faith, and on February 18. 1785, a 
church edifice was built of spruce and hemlock 
logs and was consecrated to worship. 

Phillip Vogler bought a tract of land, as did 
the other colonists, and began farming at Broad 
Bay. Late in life he moved to Bethania and 
died there. The maiden name of his first wife, 
and the mother of all his children, was Catherine 
Seiz. She was stricken with fever while coming 
to North Carolina, and died at Fayetteville, where 
her remains were laid to rest. Phillip Vogler 
married for his second wife Barbara Fishcuss. 
She died in 1781. For his third wife he married 
Christina Margaret Sennert. This Phillip Vogler 
was the great-grandfather of William T. Vogler. 

Christopher Vogler, a son of Phillip, the North 
Carolina pioneer, was born in or near Waldo, 
Maine, but grew up in Western North Carolina. 
He learned the trade of gunsmith, and for many 
years conducted a shop at Salem, where he man- 
ufactured many of the tirearms used by the hunt- 
ers and pioneers. He lived at Salem until his 
death. Christopher Vogler married Anna Johanna 
Stauber. She reared six children, named Gott- 
lieb, Maria, Nathaniel, Timothy, Paulina and 
Eegina. 

Nathaniel Vogler, father of William T., was 
born at Salem, North Carolina, May 26, 1804. He 
grew up with little advantages in the way of 
books or schools, but became a very practical man 
and completed his apprenticeship in his father's 
shop. When he was twenty-two years of age he 
and another young man went north to Pennsyl- 
vania. They had one horse, and they used it 
alternately. One would ride a stipulated distance, 
then tie the animal and proceed on foot, while 
the other would come up and ride the horse. Ar- 
riving in Pennsylvania Nathaniel Vogler worked 
at his trade at Nazareth for a time, and then 
returned to his old home at Salem. In 1827 he 
bought the house his father had built on Walnut 
Street, and that was his home until his death. 
He also succeeded his father in business and kept 
the old shop going for many years. 

Nathaniel Vogler married Anna Maria Fishel. 
They were married December 20, 1827, and began 
housekeeping in his father's old home. They 
reared the following children: Henry S., Laura 
C, Julius R., Alexander C, Mortimer N.. Maria 
E., Martha V., Regina A. and William T. The 
last two are still living. The daughter Maria E., 
who was born March .5, 1835, was educated in 
the old Salem Academy, and in 1853 became a 
teacher in that institution and filled that post 



for twenty-nine years. Hundreds of young women 
recall with gratitude this splenflid old teacher. 
She finally resigned in 1882, in order to look after 
her aged mother. It was Maria Vogler who, as 
the result of much research and investigation, 
compiled the history of the family, and from those 
records much has been taken for the sketch of 
the family as above given. The Vogler family 
is still represented in Maine, where lineal descend- 
ants of a son of Phillip live. However, they have 
changed the name to Fogler. 

The old gunsmith at Salem, Christopher Vogler, 
had as an apprentice in his shop a nejihew named 
Jolin Vogler. This John was a natural mechanic 
and had no superior as a workman. While serving 
his apprenticeship he had occasion to take his 
watch to pieces, and he thoroughly cleaned it, 
made some minor repairs and put it together as 
good as new. In those days Salem boasted no 
.jewelry store, and his feat of watch repairing 
became known over the neighborhood and others 
brought their watches and clocks to him. Thus 
by the time he had completed his apprenticeship 
as a gunsmith he had a business ready made as 
a watch repairer, and eonseciuently he opened the 
first jewelry store in Salem. He continued it 
through all his active years, and died at the age 
of ninety-seven. He is the oldest man laid to 
rest in the Moravian grave yard. 

Thus the Vogler name in its association with 
the jewelry business goes back to pioneer times 
in Salem. William T. Vogler, who continued the 
jewelry business, was born at Salem in October, 
1843. ' He attended the Boys School at Salem, 
and on leaving his studies entered his father's 
shop. In 1862 he entered the Confederate service 
and remained imtil the close of the war. On 
returning to Salem he began an apprenticeship 
in Linebeeh's jewelry store, but after a year went 
to the E. A. Vogler store, where he remained five 
years. In 1871 he engaged in business for him- 
self at Salem, and remained in that town until 
1879, when he removed to the growing city of 
Winston, where he has conducted one of the chief 
establishments of his line for upwards of forty 
years. For a long time he has also been interested 
in banking. He was a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Winston, and since the consolida- 
tion of this bank with the Trust Com]iany he has 
been a member of the board of directors of the 
Wachovia Bank & Trust Company. 

Mr. Vogler was married August 13, 1867, to 
Johanna C. Mack, and August 13, 1917, they 
celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their mar- 
riage. Mrs. Vogler was born at Friedburg in 
Davidson County, a daughter of .lacob and Mary 
(Spaugh) Mack. Mr. and Mrs. Vogler have 
reared three children: Henry E., William N. and 
Emma. William N. died when sixteen years of 
age and Emma at the age of thirty-three. Henry 
E. is now associated with his father in business. 
By his marriage to Biddie V. Goslin he has four 
children, named Helen, Gertrude, Blanche Mary 
and Harold. 

William T. Vogler was reared in the Moravian 
Church and has always held to that faith. He is 
a member of the Central Board of Trustees of the 
Home Church and a member of the Finance Board 
of the province. 

.1. Wesley Slate, M. D. While a graduate of 
medicine and for a number of years a successful 
practitioner at Walnut Cove, Doctor Slate now 



42 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



gives most of his time and attention to his duties 
as cashier of the Farmers Union Bank at Winston- 
Salem. He is a member of one of the old and in- 
fluential families of Western North Carolina, and 
his people have been identified with Stokes County 
since pioneer times. 

Doctor Slate was born on a farm in Yadkin 
Townshij) of Stokes County, a son of William 
Slate and a grandson of Samuel Slate. The early 
records of the famOy have not been completely 
preserved. However, it is believed that Doctor 
Slate 's great-grandfather was the founder of the 
family here. He was a native of England and 
was one of four brothers who came to America 
and settled in Virginia. Doctor Slate 's grand- 
father, Samuel Slate, was born in Halifax County, 
Virginia, and subsequently bought land in Yad- 
kin Townshi[) of Stokes County, where he became 
a successful general farmer. In contrast with 
the customs and practices of the times he was 
opposed to the institution of slavery and chose 
to operate his lands with free labor. He married 
Lena Hall, the Halls being early settlers in North 
Carolina. Lena Hall 's mother was of the old Vir- 
ginia family of Dewberry. Samuel Slate and 
wife both lived to old age. 

William Slate, who was born in Yadkin Town- 
ship of Stokes County in 1842, learned the trade 
of millwright and machinist. He also acquired 
land in Yadkin Township, and while following his 
trade he superintended the operation of his farm 
and with marked success. He married Lurena 
Wall, who was born in Halifax County, Virginia, 
a daughter of Robert Wall. She died in January, 
1915, having reared seven children: Lena, Nan- 
nie, Pinekney, Agnes, William, Alice and J. 
Wesley. 

Doctor Slate was well 'educated and spent his 
early life on his father 's farm in Yadkin Town- 
ship. He attended the district schools, the Mount 
View Institute, and for one term was a teacher 
in Quaker Gap Township. He attended his first 
medical lectures in the North Carolina Medical 
College at Davidson, and afterward entered the 
LTniversity of Medicine at Richmond, Virginia, 
where he was graduated M. D. in 1900. Doctor 
Slate at once began practice in Yadkin Township 
and soon had a large practice throughout that 
community. He gave his time and best energies 
to his profession until 1912, when he engaged in 
banking at Winston-Salem as cashier of the 
Farmers Union Bank. He has been very influen- 
tial in making that institution a bank of strength 
and of extended service over this part of the state. 

Doctor Slate was married December, 1900, to 
Martha Meadows, who was born in Meadows Town- 
ship of Stokes County, a daughter of WiUiam and 
Jane (Boles) Meadows. Doctor and Mrs. Slate 
have six children: Ralph, Frank, Marion, Wil- 
bur, Esmond and Myron. Doctor and Mrs. Slate 
are active members of the Missionary Baptist 
Church, in which he is a member of the board of 
deacons, and he is fraternally affiliated with Wal- 
nut Cove Lodge No. 629, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, with the Royal Arch Chapter, with 
Smith River Lodge of Knights of Pythias, and 
with Walnut Cove Council of the Junior Order 
of United American Mechanics. 

William Samuel Clayton has been well known 
in the Federal customs service both in South anil 
North Carolina, and in July, 1914, was appointed 



special dejiuty collector of United States customs 
at the Port of Wilmington. 

He comes of an old South Carolina family, and 
was born at Elirhardt, South Carolina, September 
10, 1877. His parents were Charles Rivers and 
Sallie (Pulaski) Clayton. His father was a sol- 
dier in the war between the states and spent his 
life as an active farmer. William S. Clayton 
gained his early training ia public schools and in 
1900 graduated A. B. from the South Carolina 
Military College. After leaving college he spent 
two years as a teacher in high school, and from 
19a2"until 1906 was a clerk in the Atlantic Coast 
Line Railway. He then entered the United States 
customs service, and his ability secured him pro- 
motion until he was appointed to his present of- 
fice, with headquarters at Wilmington. 

Mr. Clayton is a member of the Masonic Order, 
is a deacon in the Lutheran Church, and is adjutant 
of the George Davis Camp No. :i89 of the Sons of 
Confederate Veterans. 

On May 26, 1902, lie married Miss Minnie Smith 
Wescott, of Wilmington. They have two children, 
Minnie Wescott and Emmett Louise. 

D. Rich is one of the successful men of North 
Carolina today. Success In his case has involved 
a long and steady struggle and rise, and his posi- 
tion as treasurer of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco 
Company at Winston-Salem, North Carolina, means 
complicated business responsibilities which only 
a man of bigness and breadth in mind and char- 
acter could handle. 

Mr. Rich 's early home and his birthplace was 
Mocksville in Davie County, North Carolina. His 
father, Calvin Updegrove Rich, was born on a 
farm in Davie County, May 27, 1827. He, too, 
had the spirit in him to climb over handicaps ajid 
difficulties, and first acquired such education as 
was possible in the local schools, and then came to 
Salem, North Carolina, where he became clerk in 
Edward Belo's store, then the leading mercantile 
establishment in this part of the state. By care- 
ful and studious attention to his work he learned 
the details of merchandising and after a few years 
opened a general store of his own in Mocksville. 
He made a success of his business, but at the close 
of the Civil war in 1865 he, with his neighbors 
and friends, sustained a severe financial loss, due 
to the pressure of those strenuous times. However, 
he rallied and continued his mercantile business in 
a small way for a number of years, and his last 
days were spent in honored retirement. He died 
at the age of sixty-one. C. U. Rich married Betty 
Tennessee Williams. She was born on a farm in 
Yadkin County, North Carolina, Her father, 
Thomas Williams, was a well known early citizen of 
Yadkin County, a farmer, distiller and slave owner. 
He also held the office of justice of the peace. Mr. 
and Mrs. C. V. Rich reared five children: Louie, 
who married Judge James A. Williamson, of Taco- 
ma, Washington ; Thomas W., who married Emily 
G. Hanes and lives in Pennsylvania: Bessie, wife 
of H. T. Brenegar, of Mocksville; Dee, which is 
Mr. Rich's first name as completely spelled out, 
and Lena M., wife of C. N. Christian, of Halifax, 
North Carolina. 

As a boy in his native Town of Mocksville, 
D. Rich had instruction in the primary grades of 
the public schools and also attended the high school 
taught by Prof. A. M. Sterling. He was 
eighteen years of age when he came to Winston 





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HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



43 



and entered the employ of Bvnum, Gotten & Jones, 
tobacco manufacturers. He was with them for 
four years, and next transferred his serrices to 
the greatest tobacco manufacturer of them all, 
B. J. Eeynolds. The more positive details in the 
career of Mr. Rich are interestingly described in 
a sketch written by one who has known him and 
which was published in the "Open Door." From 
that article the following paragraphs are ab- 
stracted. 

' ' At thirteen years of age young Rich was 
stemming tobacco in a factory in Mocks\'ille, 
North Carolina, at ten cents a day. His first pay 
envelope contained the not very munificent sum of 
forty cents for four full days of strenuous physi- 
cal labor. He later became associated with Mr. 
B. J. Reynolds on November 15, 1884, as manager 
of the rolling and casing department. At that 
time Mr. Henry Roan was bookkeeper. Mr. Roan 
subsequently resigned to engage in business for 
himself and was succeeded by Mr. W. D. Moore. 
During the incumbency of both Mr. Roan and Mr. 
Moore it was Mr. Rich's habit to voluntarily offer 
his assistance in the evening. He wanted to Jand 
in the bookkeeping department, so availed him- 
self of every opportunity to acquaint himself with 
all of the intricate details involved in the clerical 
end of the business. 

"In 1893 Mr. Moore died and the company 
began casting about for some one to succeed him. 
Mr. Rich applied for the position but was informed 
that he ' could not keep books. ' However, he sur- 
prised Mr. Reynolds by telling him he was fully 
competent to hold down the job. He also stated 
how he had been titting himself to be ready to seize 
iust such an opportunity when it developed. He 
was given a trial and gave entire satisfaction. At 
that time he did practically all the bookkeeping 
for the company. Today it requires over five hun- 
dred men to take care of the immense volume of 
details connected with the clerical end of the com- 
pany's affairs. From bookkeeping Mr. Rich was 
promoted to cashier, and in due course of time was 
made treasurer and director of the company, both 
of which offices he holds today. 

"Mr. Rich believes first, last and always in 
holding out hope to the aspiring young man. He 
takes a special delight in constantly keeping the 
door of opportunity wide open for them, never 
once forgetting the struggle that was required of 
him to climb up the ladder round by round. His 
attitude toward the men under him is far more 
paternal than dictatorial ; he reasons with them — 
guides, counsels and encourages them at all times. 
If he has a single hobby it is the desire to help 
young men help themselves by becoming more effi- 
cient. Whenever asked by some young man what 
are the chances for promotion he invariably 
replies, 'You can have my position when you have 
proved that you are competent to till it satisfac- 
torily to the company. ' 

"Mr. Rich numbers his staunch friends simply 
by the number of people he knows, and he knows 
thousands. Genial, optimistic and most democratic 
in manner, not to mention his efficiency, he fills his 
niche with the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company 
with every degree of satisfaction. ' ' 

Mr. Rich is an active member of the First Bap- 
tist Church of Winston-Salem, is affiliated with 
Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Winston Chapter No. 24, Royal 
Arch Masons, and Piedmont Comniandery No. 6, 
Knights Templar. He is also on the Board of 



Trade, and a member of the Twin City Club and 
the Forsyth Country Club. Politically he is a 
democrat. 

On January 8, 1889, he married Miss Carrie 
Watkins. She was born on a farm in Forsyth 
County, daughter of Henry and Sarah (Hauser) 
Watkins. The long and close companionship of 
Mr. and Mrs. Rich, beginning when he was a strug- 
gling young man in the business world and grow- 
ing even closer and more affectionate as prosperity 
became assured to him, was terminated in the death 
of Mrs. Rich on January 17, 1916. The province 
of this work is to make known not only the repre- 
sentative men of North Carolina but also its ster- 
ling and true hearted women. For that reason 
there is singular appropriateness in quoting a trib- 
ute paid to Mrs. Rich by her intimate friend Mrs. 
Polly Kerr Spencer. 

"Early Monday morning, January 17, 1916, 
there passed from earth's twilight into the noon- 
day glory of God 's summerland the spirit of Car- 
rie Watkins Rich. She was the second daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Watkins and was born near 
Clemmons, North Carolina, but spent practically 
all her life in Winston-Salem, indeed and in truth 
growing up with the town. Educated in Salem 
College, she passed her happy girlhood as a flower 
that cometh up. She was married January 8, 
1889, in the First Baptist Church of this city, to 
Mr. D. Rich, and for twenty-seven years she has 
been to that consecrated Christian gentleman truly 
a helpmeet and power of strength, through every 
change of time and fortune, and though she has 
preceded him to that ' ain countree ' yet will her 
gentle spirit hover over her best beloved and guide 
and comfort him in a tenderer and more subtle 
manner than has ever before been possible. There 
are also left three sisters, Mrs. E. F. Coble, Mrs. 
J. P. Jeffreys, and that other self — Mrs. W. J. 
Conrad — all of Winston-Salem, and one brother, 
Mr. P. C. Watkins, of Clemmons, North Carolina, 
to all of whom she was very dear. 

' ' A wonderfully comprehensive mind enabled 
her to reach out and grasp every avenue of good, 
throughout the community, and her name stood 
first on the list in the promotion of every good 
cause. By right of innate goodness and continual 
consecration she was the accepted leader in her 
church work, and always the strong right hand of 
her beloved pastor under all circumstances. She 
was the vice president of the Woman 's Missionary 
tTnion, of the State Baptist Convention, president 
of the Young Woman's Christian Association, and 
leader of the Young Woman's Auxiliary of the 
First Baptist Church, teacher of the Fidelis Class 
in the Sunday school, and leader of the Fannie 
Heck Circle of the Missionary Society. Always 
with her hands full of work, yet ever ready to 
answer another call, she knew the poor and needy 
nf the community as no other person did, and to 
know them was to help them and uplift them and 
to give to them, besides material comforts, the 
bread of life, that was to her the very essence of 
living. 

"Realizing how full of purity and goodness, of 
self-sacrifice, and of personal service was her life, 
when the quiet shadows gather we sit and think of 
her as the very spirit of gentleness, meekness and 
of Christ-likeness, lent to us by a kind Father to 
show us the way home. Methinks that tonight 
•5VP gee her gentle spirit, as it, listening, heard the 
call, rise from its earthly tenement of clay and 
step forth Vfith outstretched hands, unafraid, to 



44 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



enter in with the hosts of liglit, for truly she had 
walked with God. We see the same old-time sweet 
smile linger on her face as her eves rest on that 
one whom she had loved through the years, and 
who was enshrined in her heart of hearts — her 
beloved husband ; and again we seem to see it lin- 
ger for a moment on the grief stricken forms of 
all her loved ones and pass on in tender pity to the 
myriad of friends to whom she was so dear ; and 
with that self-same sweet smile, so much a part 
of her — our last memory of her beautiful life — 
resting like a benediction on us all, we see the 
gates of Heaven open to receive her and 'Well 
done, good and faithful servant,' is her welcome 
home. 

' ' We cannot believe that thou art gone, dear 
heart, we would only remember that thou hast 
passed into God 's other room, into that beautiful 
country where existence is eternal, and thanks 
be to God thou hast left for us the gates ajar, 
so that when we, like you, have finished our work 
and the sands of life have run out, remem- 
bering Him whom thou hast loved and in whose 
footsteps we would follow, may we, too, close our 
tired eyes and step into Heaven, where thou hast 
gone to await us: 

' ' ' We cannot feel that thou art far, 
Since near at hand the angels are, 
And when the sunset gates unbar. 
We shall surely see thee waiting stand 
And, white against the evening star, 
The welcoming beckoning of thy hand. ' 

"We shall miss thee, dear heart, miss thee more 
than tongue can tell, and the way will be lonely 
without thy guiding hand, but we know that thou 
hast grasped that knowledge of the broader vision 
for which we have so often heard thee pray, and 
that thou art satisfied. Thou hast gloriously 
solved the problem of life and death and though 
the pathway seem dark to the loved ones left 
behind without thee, we know that always we are 
in God's hands and we doubt not that: 

" ' If we could push ajar the gates of life 
And stand within, and all God 's workings see. 
We, too, could interpret all our doubts and fears, 
And for each mystery we would find a key. ' 

"Thou art not dead, beloved one, thou can 'st 
not die so long as the memory of thy beautiful 
life and thy wonderful influence shall live in the 
lives of thy friends; so long shalt thou live upon 
the earth though thy spirit rests with God. 

"So we say not to thee farewell, but au revoir, 
for we know that somehow, somewhere, sometime, 
on a fairer shore, shorn of all earth's infirmities 
and clad in garments not made with hands, we 
shall meet thee again and sit with thee, around that 
throne eternal in the heavens. Once again we 
hear thee say in the words of the Master, ' Peace 
I leave with you, my peace I give unto you, I go 
away and come again unto you. If ye loved me 
ye would rejoice, because I go unto my Father, ' 
then beloved — 

" 'Only good-night, not farewell. 

Until we meet again before His throne. 

Until we know even as we are known, 

Good-night, beloved, good-night. 

Sleep on and take thy rest. 

Only good-night, beloved ; just good-night. ' ' ' 



Major Alexander Hexdebson Galloway, who 
won his title as a gallant ofiicer of the North 
Carolina troops during the war between the states, 
has spent many years of his life at ReidsviUe in 
Rockingham County and has been variously identi- 
fied with business and civic affairs in this part of 
North Carolina for over half a century. Much 
of the history of Rockingham County revolves 
around the name Galloway. The family is Scotch 
in origin. The thrifty virtues of Scotland have 
predominated in the Galloways of North Carolina 
and as a family they have proved themselves com- 
petent in business, upright citizens and workers 
for the general welfare in every direction. 

The founder of this branch of the family in 
North Carolina was Robert Galloway. He was 
a native of Scotland, and immigrated to America 
about 1784, two years after the close of the Revo- 
lutionary war. He was the only member of his 
immediate family to come to this country. He 
chose as a home what was then the western fron- 
tier of North Carolina, Rockingham County. He 
brought with him a thorough training in business 
affairs, and became a merchant at Wentworth 
and established branch stores in several other lo- 
calities. The surplus of his success he invested in 
extensive tracts of land, and his holdings at one 
time amounted to twenty-two thousand acres, all 
in Rockingham County, besides some other large 
tracts in Tennessee. He had a large number of 
slaves, and worked them on the plantation raising 
tobacco. Robert Galloway died at Valley Field 
in Rockingham County at the age of eighty-two 
years. He reared a family of four sons and 
two daughters: Robert, Charles, Thomas, Rawley, 
Eliza and Mary. 

Hon. Rawley Galloway, the father of Major 
Galloway, was born in Rockingham County March 
8, 1811. Besides the school advantages given him 
on his father's plantation he also attended Chapel 
Hill College, and studied law under the eminent 
Judge Ruffin, and was admitted to the bar. The 
law as a career was not to his liking, and he chose 
instead the peaceful pursuit of agriculture. The 
lands he had inherited he operated profitably with 
slave labor, and kept his home throughout his life 
at Vallev Field. His death occurred there in 
April, 1872. 

Rawley Galloway married Sarah Henderson. Her 
family was also of Scotland and was established 
in North Carolina even earlier than the Galloways. 
She was born at Milton in Caswell County, North 
Carolina, a daughter of Alexander Henderson, who 
was born at Granville, North Carolina, about 1780, 
a granddaughter of Thomas Henderson, also a 
native of Granville, and a great-granddaughter of 
Samuel Henderson. Samuel Henderson was born 
in Scotland, came to America in Colonial times, 
and was one of the pioneers at Granville, where he 
kept his home until his death. His son Thomas 
Henderson moved to Danbury in Guilford County, 
and upon the organization of that county became 
the first clerk of courts, an office he filled several 
years. Thomas Henderson married Jane Martin, 
of Snow Creek, and a sister of Governor Alex- 
ander Martin. Alexander Henderson, father of 
Mrs. Raiwley Galloway, as a young man entered 
the United States Federal service on a revenue 
cutter commanded by Captain Wallace, whose 
daughter he afterwards married. On leaving the 
Federal service he served for a time as teller in 
a bank at Newbern, then removed to Milton, 
establishing a branch of the bank at Newbern, and 





'oMn^"^ 




HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



45 



from there came to Mount Pleasant in Rocking- 
ham County, where he put in several years as a 
farmer. Alexander Henderson finally determined 
to engage in the foreign trade from the port of 
Mobile, and became an extensive buyer and ship- 
per of cotton to Liverpool. He was in business 
there about eighteen months when he returned to 
Mount Pleasant for his three daughters. His wife 
had died in the meantime, and he and his daugh- 
ters started on the overland journey for Mobile. 
At Eskridge on the National Road in Tennessee 
he was stricken with fever and died. His wife 's 
maiden name was Mary Wallace. One of their 
three daughters was Mrs. Rawley Galloway, who 
died March 5, 1887. 

Rawley GaJloway was a man of prominence in 
his generation. Politically he was a whig and 
was an elector from North Carolina on the whig 
ticket in 1848, casting his vote for General Taylor. 
He also represented Rockingham County in the 
Legislature one term. He and his wife were active 
members of the Episcopal Chureli. 

Alexander Henderson Galloway, the only child 
of his parents, spent his early life on his father's 
plantation in Rockingham County. He had the 
advantages of the rural schools and also prepared 
for college under private tutors. He became a 
student in the University of North Carolina, but 
on account of his father 's ill health left before 
graduating. He then took charge of the home 
farm, and was thus employed when the war broke 
out. In March, 1862, he enlisted in Company F 
of the Forty-fifth Regiment, North Carolina 
Troops. His first commission was as first lieu- 
tenant. He was promoted to captain of his com- 
pany, and led it in many important battles until 
he resigned to accept the office of quartermaster 
of Scales Brigade. He remained with the com- 
mand until the surrender at Appomattox, and then 
having given the best of his strength and service 
to the Southern cause he accepted the decision 
of arms and returned home. 

For two years after the war he traveled over 
the South as a tobacco salesman, and then resumed 
farming on the old homestead. In 1882 Major 
Galloway removed to Reidsville, operated a to- 
bacco warehouse for a year and a half, and after 
that his time was largely taken up with public 
and official affairs. He was elected sheriff of 
Rockingham County, and office he held by re-elec- 
tion for six years. This was followed by three 
terms as mayor of Reidsville, and he was then 
appointed postmaster. After four years as post- 
master he retired and has since looked after his 
private affairs. 

On October 26, 1858, Major Galloway married 
Miss Sally Scales. She was born in Rockingham 
County, North Carolina, a daughter of Robert and 
Jane (Bethell) Scales, and a sister of General 
Scales, the old commander under whom Major 
Galloway served during the war. Mrs. Galloway 
died in 1901. Both she and her husband were very 
active members of the Episcopal Church at Reids- 
ville, and reared their family in the same faith. 
They had eight children: Mary Wallace, Robert 
Scales, Jane Bethell, Alexander Henderson, Jr., 
Rawley, Emma Scales, Annie Irving and Alfred 
Scales. 

Robert Scales Galloway, a sou of Maj. Alex- 
ander H. Galloway, of Reidsville, whose career 
is found identified through the greater part of his 



business career with Winston-Salem, where he is 
now serving as postmaster- of the Twin City. 

He was horn at Valley Field in Rockingham 
County, and grew up in that county, partly on the 
plantation of his father and partiv in the Town 
of Reidsville. His first instructor was his aunt. 
Miss Emma Scales, who afterward founded the 
Reidsville Female Academy. Later he was a 
student in the Boys' School at Reidsville, and 
there he was under the instruction of Rev. Mr. 
Currie, a minister of the Presbyterian Church. 

His first work after leaving school was a clerk- 
ship at Reidsville. With considerable business 
experience to his credit he came to Winston as 
bookkeeper for Watt & Webb, proprietors of the 
Orinoco Warehouse. He remained with that 
firm as long as they were in business and toward 
the close of Mr. Cleveland's second administration 
accepted an appointment as deputy revenue col- 
lector. From the Federal service he entered the 
employ of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company as 
bookkeeper and remained with that great indus- 
trial organization for eight years. He resigned to 
go into business for himself, organizing the Stand- 
ard Building and Loan Association, of which he 
became director, secretary and treasurer. He was 
one of the officials most actively identified with 
that organization until 1913. In that year Mr. 
Galloway was appointed postmaster, and was the 
first official to occupy the handsome new Postoffice 
Building at Winston-Salem. 

On December 7, 1905, he married Miss Ida 
Miller. Mrs. Galloway was born in Indian Terri- 
tory, now the State of Oklahoma, a daughter of 
Frank and Ida (Wharton) Miller, both of whom 
were from Forsyth County, North Carolina. Frank 
Miller for some years engaged in business in 
Indian Territory ijut finally returned to Forsyth 
County, North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Galloway 
have two children : Ida Clifton and Louisa Scales. 

The family are active members of the Episcopal 
Church, in which Mr. Galloway is a vestryman. 
He is a member of the Twin City Club, the Rotary 
Club, and of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. His first presidential ballot was given to 
Grover Cleveland, and he has been a steadfast 
and loyal democrat ever since. 

Conner J. Cottinghaji. To be financially in- 
terested in the prominently identified with both 
railroad and lumber interests in a prosperous com- 
munity indicates a large mea.sure of business 
.sta)iility, and such is a fact in regard to Conner 
J. Cottingham, a leading citizen of Alma, North 
Carolina, who is secretary and treasurer of the 
Alma Lumlier Company, and secretary and general 
manager of the Maxton, Alma & Southbound Rail- 
road. While Mr. Cottingham is not a native of 
Robeson County, almost his entire life has been 
spent here. 

Conner J. Cottingham was born in Marion 
County, South Carolina, December 24, 1872. His 
parents were A. J. and Annie (Jackson) Cotting- 
ham, the latter of whom is deceased. In 1875 
A. J. Cottingham moved with his family from 
Marion County, South Carolina, to Maxton, Robe- 
son County, North Carolina, and established him- 
self there in the mercantile business, becoming in 
time, one of the leading merchants in the county, 
doing an extensive business witli farmers over 
a wide territory. Since retiring from merchandis- 
ing he has devoted himself to farm pursuits and to 
large lumber interests. 



46 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



The Maxtou public schools provided Conner J. 
Cottingham with his educational training. As a 
boy he began to learn the first principles of busi- 
ness in assisting his father in his store, and con- 
tinued to be associated with liim until two years 
after he was married. For about four years after- 
ward he was employed by his l:irother, L. T. Cot- 
tingham. In the meanwhile he had become 
otherwise interested, finding a promising business 
opportunity in the great lumber industry, and in 
1906 became an official of the Alma Lumber Com- 
pany of Alma, two miles from Maxton. This 
company since then has been developed into one 
of the largest manufacturing agencies in this 
section of the state. The president of the company 
is Maj. A. J. McMinnon, and its secretary and 
treasurer is Conner J. Cottingham. The Lumber 
Veneer Company was incorporated May 1, 1918, 
and three fourths of the stock is owned by the 
Alma. Lumber Company, Major McKinnon being its 
president, J. H. Taylor its secretary and manager, 
and Conner J. Cottingham its treasurer. 

Mr. Cottingham has been associated for some 
years also witli Major McKinnon, a capitalist and 
most enterprising and progressive business man, 
in a railroad enterprise, the building and operat- 
ing of the Maxton, Alma & Southbound Railroad, 
of which Major McKinnon is president and Mr. 
Cottingham is secretary and general manager. 
This road was built under Mr. Cottingham 's 
management and direction and began operation on 
November 4, 1912. It is a local enterprise of 
which the citizens of this section are justly proud. 
It has a mileage of fifteen miles and extends from 
Alma, where it connects with the Seaboard Air- 
line to Rowland, on the Atlantic Coast Line Road. 
It has proved a successful venture as it traverses 
a rich and prosperous agricultural and lumber 
manufacturing section, and does a general freight 
and passenger business. Its affairs have always 
been well and honestly managed and much credit 
is due Mr. Cottingham. 

Mr. Cottingham married Miss Mamie McCallum, 
who is a member of one of the old and prominent 
Scotch families of the county, and they have six 
children : Annie Montgomery, Henry M., Conner 
J., Angus F., Margaret and Graham Kirkpatrick. 

Alexander Stephens Holden, who was long 
favorably known as a salesman at Wilmington, 
has since 1905 been in the insurance business as 
district agent for the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance 
Company, of Newark, New Jersey, with head- 
quarters at Wilmington. 

Mr. Holden, who has been a factor in the civic 
and social life of his home city, was born at Wil- 
mington November 2, 1861, a son of Samuel Wil- 
liam and Mary Ann (Barlow) Holden. His father 
was for many years a machinist with the Atlantic 
Coast Line Railroad Company. After an educa- 
tion in the public schools at Wilmington, Alex- 
ander S. Holden found his first opportunity as 
clerk in a dry goods store. Later for twenty-five 
years he was in the shoe business, and part of 
that time was a traveling salesman with territory 
in all the southern states. He finally gave uji 
mercantile lines to accept the district agency of 
the Mutual Benefit Life. 

He has long been prominent in Masonry, is now 
serving as secretary of St. John's Lodge No. 1, 
Ancient Free & Accepted Masons, at Wilmington, 
and is secretary of the Sepia Grotto No. 79, M. O. 
V. P. E. R. He is also chairman of the Credential 



Committee of the Grand Lodge, Ancient Free ifc 
Accepted Masons. In 191-t the county commis- 
sioners of New Hanover County unanimously chose 
him county coroner, and he has filled that office 
with credit ever since. In 1916 he was elected 
by popular vote to the office. That was almost 
a unanimous declaration in favor of his official 
conduct and an evidence of his high standing 
in the community. Mr. Holden is an active mem- 
ber of the First Baptist Church of Wilmington, is 
chorister of the Sunday school, and has sung 
in the choirs of the leading churches of the city 
for the past twenty-five years. 

January 17, 1884, he married Miss Josephine 
Taylor, daughter of Joseph W. and Flora Ann 
(Perry) Taylor. Mr. and Mrs. Holden have tliree 
children. Ethel Clarice married M. E. Graham, 
bookkeeper for a lumber plant at Green Cove 
Springs, Florida, and they have two children, Mar- 
ion E. and Josephine. Bessie Morrison is the wife 
of Alva H. Standlaud, bookkeeper for a lumber 
plant at Newbern, North Carolina, and their three 
children are Alva H., Jr., Josephine and Bettie 
Patterson. Arnold Willey, the youngest child of 
Mr. and Mrs. Holden, is now attending private 
school. 

Edwin Llewellyn Travis. One of the most 
important positions in the State Government is 
held by Edwin Llewellyn Travis as chairman of 
the Corporation Commission, an office he has held 
for the past six years. Mr. Travis is a lawyer by 
profession, and a man of wide experience in state 
polities. For a number of terms he was in the 
State Senate, and took a very prominent part in 
securing the adoption of the suffrage amendment 
to the constitution, a few years ago. 

A native of Virginia, born in Brunswick Coun- 
ty June 6, 1866, he has lived in North Carolina 
since he was thirteen years of age and has made 
his own way in the world. His parents were Ed- 
ward W. and Mary Harrison (Clark) Travis. His 
father was a farmer and also a surveyor. 

Mr. Travis after leaving the public schools had 
to use his wits and industry to contrive means of 
self support and it was the self reliance developed 
by overcoming obstacles that proved an invaluable 
resource to him in his later professional career. 
For a number of years he lived at Halifax, North 
Carolina, wliere he took up the study of law in 
the office of Robert O. Burton. Admitted to the 
bar in 1890, the next three years he was in prac- 
tice with his former preceptor as a member of the 
firm of Burton & Travis. After that he practiced 
alone in Halifax. 

Mr. Travis was elected and served in the State 
Senate from Halifax during the sessions of 1899, 
1901, 1903 and 1909. It was in 1909 that he was 
chairman of the Senate Committee which prepared 
the suffrage amendment to the constitution, and 
afterwards he was unanimously selected to make 
the speech for the measure representing the ma- 
jority party. Later the Senate presented him with 
the pen which had been used to ratify the measure, 
and that is a token of appreciation and service 
which he greatly cherishes. Mr. Travis is a keen 
debater, and that fact has been made apparent 
through all phases of his legal and political career. 
He has proved a forceful campaigner, and in 1898 
and again- in 1900 was chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Committee and has been a factor in other 
campaigns in the state. 

Governor W. W. Kitchen first appointed Mr. 



i VilZ f:Z".'' YORK 



TILDE 



ARY 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



47 



Travis a member of the Corporation Commission of 
North Carolina, and in 1914 he was elected to that 
oHice for the regular term of six years. He has 
been chairman of the board since 1913. He is a 
Knight Templar Mason and Shriner, and a mem- 
ber of the Country and Capital clubs at Ealeigh. 

In August, 1894, Commissioner Travis married 
Miss Jennie Outlaw Grady, daughter of Rev. Louis 
G. and Mary (Ruffin) Grady. Her father was a 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. 
and Mrs. Travis have two sons: Kdward L. and 
Louis G., both of whom are now students in the 
University of North Carolina. 

William Thomas Pfohl, deceased, was long 
and prominently known in business affairs at Win- 
ston-Salem. He is kindly and affectionately 
remembered by his surviving comrades of the war 
between the states, and especially in Norfleet Camp 
of the United Confederate Veterans, in which 
he was an active member for many years. He did a 
soldier's duty, and in civil life and in those rela- 
tions which brought him into contact with his 
leUovraien he proved equally loyal, just, upright 
and honorable. The original name Pfohl was 
spelled "Phole." 

The Pfohl family has many associations with 
the old Town of Salem and also of the City of 
Winston-Salem. His grandfather, Rev. Christian 
Thomas Pfohl, was born in Germany in 1759. He 
was reared in the old country and liberally edu- 
cated. When a young man he came to America 
for the purpose of taking charge of the Boys ' 
School at Salem, North Carolina. For several 
years he remained as an instructor in that insti- 
tution, and then, having been ordained for the 
ministry, became pastor of the Moravian Church 
at Bethania, which he served upwards of twenty 
years. His death occurred in 1838, when nearly 
eighty years old. 

Gottlieb Pfohl, father of the late William T. 
Pfohl, was born in what is now Forsyth County 
and as a young man learned the jeweler's trade. 
He was in the jewelry business and also in music 
merchandise at different places. For a time he 
was located at Columbus, Ohio, and afterward at 
New Orleans, where he spent his last years. He 
married Anna Janette Grenshaw, of the prominent 
Virginia family of that name. She also died in 
New Orleans. Her three sons were Theodore, 
Henry and William Thomas, and her three daugh- 
ters, Eetta, Susan and Sally. 

The late William Thomas Pfohl was born Sep- 
tember 17, 1840. At the time of his birth his 
mother was on the steamer Annie Calhoun, of 
which his uncle was captain, off the coast of 
Florida. When he was a boy of tender years he 
was sent to Salem to be educated, and while ther« 
attended the Salem Boys' School. He had hardly 
attained his years of majority when the war broke 
out between the states, and he enlisted as a drum- 
mer in Companies D and L of the Twenty-first 
Regiment North Carolina Troops. He went with 
that regiment through all its numerous campaigns. 
He bore himself bravely in the face of the enemy 's 
bullets and never faltered in any emergency or 
danger. He was twice wounded. A minie ball 
struck the end of his finger and penetrated his arm, 
and at another time he was wounded in the ankle. 
His name appears in the oflBcial list of those 
paroled at Appomattox. 

After the war he returned to Winston and was 
collector of taxes for the town ten years. For six 



years he was in the grocery business. Much of his 
time was spent in some official duties, and he 
served as city detective until the World 's Fair at 
Chicago in 1893, and was assigned to similar duty 
on tlie grounds of the exposition in that city. 
On returning to North Carolina he was given a 
place on the state detective force of South Caro- 
lina, but after a while returned to Winston-Salem. 
For several years he was a collector of rents, and 
then engaged in the general advertising and bill 
posting business, which he developed to success- 
ful proportions. He was still active in this busi- 
ness at the time of his death, which occurred 
November 6, 1913. 

He was survived by his widow and one daugh- 
ter. Mrs. Pfohl still lives in Winston-Salem and 
she continues the business as manager of the 
Dixie Poster Advertising Company with home 
oflSce in Richmond, Virginia. She is one of a few 
lady managers of that kind of business. Before 
her marriage she was Roxana Lutitia Farabee. 
They were married July 19, 1882. Mrs. Pfohl is a 
native of Winston. Her father, Samuel Wesley 
Farabee, was born on a farm in Davidson County, 
and his parents were natives of England and of 
English lineage, being early settlers in Davidson 
County. Mrs. Pfohl 's father was reared on a 
farm, but at the age of twenty-one moved to Salem. 
He arrived in that town dressed in homespun and 
had had practically no experience except that of a 
farmer boy. He had neither friends nor money, 
but soon acquired both, and he became one of the 
steadiest and most reliable workmen in the Phillip 
Nissen wagon factory at Waughtown. After 
learning the trade he bought some property on 
Liberty, Sixth and Trade streets in Winston and 
built up a business of his own as a wagon manu- 
facturer. His output was calculated to win 
increased favor with passing years, and in time he 
found himself at the head of a highly profitable 
business. He remained a resident of Winston until 
his death. The maiden name of his wife was 
Mary Riggs, who was born in Surrey Coimty, 
North Carolina. Her first husband was Thomas 
Highland of Utica, New York, who died leaving 
three daughters, named Julia, Maggie and Adelia. 
Mrs. Pfohl was her father 's only daughter and 
inherited his estate, including the fine old home- 
stead at the corner of Liberty and Sixth Street. 
That was her own home until 1917, when she sold 
part of the property and bought the home on South 
Main Street where she now resides. Mrs. Pfohl 
is an active and helpful member of the Centenary 
Methodist Episcopal Church. She is the mother of 
one daughter, Robah Janette, now the wife of 
Beimon Ora Jones, Winston-Salem. 

Thomas Perbin Harrison, an educator of 
twenty-five years' experience and now dean of the 
North Carolina State College of Agriculture and 
Engineering Arts at West Raleigh, was born at 
Abbeville, South Carolina, October 11, 1864, son 
of Francis Eugene and Mary Eunice (Perrin) Har- 
rison. His youth was spent on his father's plan- 
tation at Aii'dersonville in Anderson County, South 
Carolina. At the age of eighteen he entered the 
South Carolina Military Academy at Charleston, 
from which after the regular four years '_ college 
course he was graduated Bachelor of Science in 
1886. 

After graduation he was appointed to an in- 
structorship of English in his alma mater, and at 
once began his duties. After two years he re- 



48 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



signed in order to take advanced courses at Johns 
Hopkins University at Baltimore. While there 
the university honored him with a scholarship and 
a fellowship, and in 1891 conferred upon him 
the degree Doctor of Philosophy. 

Doctor Harrison has occupied the following posi- 
tions: At the South Carolina Military Academy, 
instructor in English, 1886-1888; at Clerason Co"l- 
lege, South Carolina, assistant professor and sub- 
sequently associate professor of English, 1891-96; 
at Davidson College, professor of English, 1896- 
1909; at the North Carolina State College of Agri- 
culture and Engineering, professor of English, 
1909, and dean of the college since 1910. 

In 1894 he married Adelia Lake, daughter of 
Rev. Dr. James Turner Leftwich of Baltimore. 
They have three sons and a daughter. 

Doctor Harrison is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church, of the Kappa Alpha Fraternity, of 
the State Farmers' Union and the Teachers' As- 
sembly, the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce and of 
the International Association of Teachers of Eng- 
lish. He and his family reside at 160;i Hillsboro 
Street in Raleigh. 

Thornwell Gibsox Fukr. Possessing to a 
marked degree the abilities which have made him 
a thorough and exact scholar in many branches 
of the law, Thornwell G. Furr, of Salisbury, just- 
ly occupies a place of note in the legal circles 
of Rowan County. He was born on a farm in 
Atwell Townshipj Rowan County, of German an- 
cestry, his line of descent being as follows: — 
Henry, Henry, John, Samuel Monroe, and Thorn- 
well Gibson. 

Henry Furr was born, reared and married in 
Germany. Immigrating to America in colonial 
days, he landed in Charleston, South Carolina, 
after a tedious ocean voyage of several weeks. 
Soon after, with his wife and infant son, whose 
birth had occurred during the voyage across the 
ocean, he made his way by wagon to what is 
now Cabarrus County, North Carolina, becoming 
one of its earliest pioneers. Securing a tract of 
wild land on Gold Water Creek, six miles south- 
east of the present site of Concord, he began the 
improvement of a homestead, and there spent the 
remainder of his life. 

Henry Furr, born on board ship while his 
parents were en route to America, grew up on the 
home farm in Cabarrus County, and when but six- 
teen years of age enlisted as a soldier in the Revo- 
lutionary war, and fought bravely with the colo- 
nists in tlieir struggle for liberty. An ardent pa- 
triot, and a fluent speaker, he was afterwards 
called upon to deliver the oration at a Fourth of 
July celebration. He was a man of physical and 
mental vigor, and lived to the venerable age of 
ninety-six years. He married, and reared a fam- 
ily of nine children, six sons and three daughters. 

John Furr spent his entire life of three score 
years in Township No. 2, Cabarrus County, 
throughout his active life having cafried on gen- 
eral farming with slave help. He married, April 
28, 1808, Sarah Boger. She was a daughter of 
Daniel Boger, who owned and operated Soger's 
Mill, which is now known as Boss Mill. They 
were the parents of eleven children, eight of them 
being sons, as follows: Allison, Henry, Daniel, 
John Simpson, Tobis, William A., James Burton, 
and Samuel Monroe. 

Samuel Monroe Furr was born February ?>. 
1828, in Township No. 2, Cabarrus County, and 



was there reared to agricultural jiursuits. At the 
age of twenty-two years, he bought a tract of 
land on Coddle Creek, Atwell Township, Rowan 
County, erected a comfortable house, and with 
the assistance of his slaves began to cultivate the 
land. During the Ci^l war, he served as captain 
of the Home Guard. He was quite successful as 
an agriculturist, and having purchased a farm ad- 
joining his own, he lived upon it until 1902. He 
then removed to Mocksville, Iredell County, where 
he is now living, retired from active pursuits. On 
November 3, 18.5.3, he was united in marriage with 
Lucilla McNeeley, a native of Iredell County, be- 
ing a daughter of .Joel McNeeley, a well-known 
farmer. Her mother was a great-granddaughter of 
Capt. William Gilbert Falls, who was killed in the 
Battle of Ramsouers Hill, June 20, 1780. Mrs. 
Samuel M. Furr is still living, being eighty-seven 
years of age. To her and her husband eight chil- 
dren were liorn, namely : Alice Elizabeth, Chal- 
mers Victor, Sarah Isabelle, -Junius Monroe, James 
Edgar, deceased; Walter Espey, Thornwell Gib- 
son, and Clarence L. 

Thornwell Gibson obtained the rudiments of his 
education in the district schools, and after com- 
pleting a course of study in the high school earned 
enough money by teaching school to enable him 
to enter the law department of the University of 
North Carolina, from which he was graduated in 
1907, having in the meantime paid his college ex- 
penses by spending his vacations as a teacher in 
the public schools. Being licensed by the Superior 
Court to practice law, Mr. Furr located in Salis- 
bury, where his legal talent and skill are recog- 
nized and appreciated. 

Hox. Hugh G. Chatham. Possessing in a large 
measure the energy, force of character and pro- 
gressive spirit necessary for the successful con- 
duct of business affairs of importance and magni- 
tude, Hon. Hugh G. Chatham, of Winston-Salem, 
Forsyth County, has contributed appreciably to- 
ward the development and advancement of the 
manufacturing, railway and financial interests of 
Western North Carolina, his influence being felt 
in public affairs and in private enterprises. A 
native of Surry County, he was born on a plan- 
tation on the present site of Elkin, a son of Hon. 
Alexander Chatham and grandson of Martin Chat- 
ham, a pioneer of Wilkes County, North Caro- 
lina. He comes of English ancestry, his great- 
grandfather on the paternal side having emigrated 
from England to America when yonng, settling in 
Virginia, where he spent the remainder of his 
life. 

Martin Chatham was born in Augusta County, 
Virginia, in 1803, and there learned the trade of 
a blacksmith and machinist. In 1828, in company 
with Major Finley, General Patterson and others, 
he came to Wilkesboro, North Carolina, and having 
purchased a tract of land established a black- 
smith's shop, which he operated until his death, 
at the age of three score and ten years. The maid- 
en name of his wife, grandmother of the subject 
of this sketch, was Elizabeth Cass. She was a 
daughter of Moses and Elizabeth (Jones) Cass. 
She reared thirteen children, and five of her sons 
enlisted in the Confederate army, two of thenj 
being killed while in service. 

Hon. Alexander Chatham was born January 14, 
1834, in Wilkesboro, North Carolina, and as a lad 
of ten years began working in his father 's smithy. 





^ I ■ / 




r /O' 



C-A^-^-^'H.yL. 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



49 



Being a natural meelianic, he soon became an ex- 
pert in the use of tools and very piroticient as a 
workman. Removing to Elkin, Surry County, when 
about twenty-five years old, he entered the employ 
of the Elkin Manufacturing Company, which was 
then operating with about thirty hands, and con- 
tinued with that concern until after his marriage, 
when he embarked in mercantile and agricultural 
pursuits. In 1878, in company with his brother- 
in-law, Thomas Gwyn, he built a small woolen mill 
on Elkin Creek, and, under the firm name of Gwyn 
& Chatham, operated it successfully for twelve 
years, in spite of the fact that the nearest rail- 
road was forty miles away. About that time his 
sons, Hugh G., Richard and Paul, and Capt. G. 
T. Roth purchased Mr. Gwyn 's interest in the firm 
and incorporated it under the name of the Chat- 
ham Manufacturing Company, with Mr. Alexander 
Chatham as president. Three years later he re- 
signed the presidency and organized the Elkin 
National Bank, to the affairs of which as presi- 
dent, he has devoted his time and energies. 

Hon. Alexander Chatham has been twice mar- 
ried. The maiden name of his first wife was Mary 
Elizabeth Gwyn. She was born in Elkin, Surry 
County, in 1840, a daughter of Richard Gwyn. 
Her grandfather, James Givyn, a native of Vir- 
ginia, came to North Carolina at an early day, set- 
tling in Wilkes County. Buying an estate neai; 
Bonda, he erected a fine mansion, which he occu- 
pied many years, and which is still standing, be- 
ing one of the landmarks of the county. He was 
an extensive planter, operating with slave labor. 
James Gwyn married Martha Lenoir, whose father, 
Thomas Lenoir, was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war, and being captured by the British was con- 
fined as a prisoner in Camden, South Carolina. 
His daughter Martha, then a brave little girl of 
twelve summers, visited him in prison, carrying 
him clothes and food, making the journey on horse- 
tiack, and being accompanied by a negro servant. 
She met Lord Cornwallis, who, after hearing of 
her perilous trip, released her father, who returned 
home with her. Mr. Lenoir was a large land- 
owner, his estate comprising upwards of two thou- 
sand acres of land. 

Richard Gwyn, the maternal grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, was born at the Gwyn home- 
stead, "Green Hill," near Ronda, Wilkes County. 
Inheriting a part of the parental estate, he man- 
aged it with the help of slaves, and from time 
to time added to his landed possessions, by pur- 
chase, until he, too, was owner of more than two 
thousand acres. He lived to the advanced age of 
four score and four years. An active member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, he served 
as class leader and as steward. He was prominent 
in public affairs, and represented Wilkes County 
in the State Legislature. He married Elizabeth 
Hunt, a daughter of Daniel Hunt, of Jonesville, 
Yadkin County. Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Gwyn) 
Chatham died at the early age of thirty-five years, 
leaving three sons, namely, Hugh G., the special 
subject of this sketch; Richard M. ; and Paul. 
After the death of, his first wife, the Hon. Mr. 
Chatham married Miss Alice Hickerson, a daugh- 
ter of Lytle Hickerson, who served as a major in 
the Mexican war. Of this union four children 
liave been born, namely, Alexander, Jr., Raymond, 
Daniel and Myrtle. 

Hugh Chatham acquired his elementary educa- 
tion in the Elkin public school, and after his grad- 
uation from the Jonesville High School took an 



advanced course of study at Vanderbilt Univer- 
sity in Nashville, Tennessee, remaining as a stu- 
dent in that institution two years. Beginning 
work then in his father's woolen mill, which 
had just been completed, he operated the first 
loom in the mill. He learned the entire process 
of making cloth from the raw material to the fin- 
ished product, and when perfect in the details of 
manufacturing turned his attention to the busi- 
ness part of that industry, mastering that also. 
Upon tlie organization of the Chatham Manufac- 
turing Company, Mr. Chatham was made president 
of the concern, and has continued in that respon- 
sible jiosition to the present time, the business 
under his judicious management being in a flour- 
ishing condition. Soon after he assumed the presi- 
dency the mill was transferred from Elkin Creek 
to a site on the railroad, and a small brick build- 
ing was erected. The business grew with remark- 
able rapidity, requiring large additions to the 
original mill, and in 1906 the company, owing to 
its increased business, established a factory in 
Winston-Salem, where Mr. Chatham is now resid- 
ing, being not only one of the more active and 
successful business men of the city, but prominent 
in its social life. 

Mr. Chatham married, in 1894, Miss Martha 
Lenoir Thurmond. She was born in Ripley, Mis- 
sissippi, a daughter of Richard Jackson and Mar- 
garet (Miller) Thurmond. Two children have 
blessed their union, Richard Thurmond Chatham 
and De Witt Chatham. 

Officially connected wdth various organizations, 
Mr. Chatham is a director of the Wachovia Bank 
and Trust Company. In 1901 he was appointed 
president of the North Carolina Railroad Company 
by Governor Aycoek, and was reappointed 
to the same responsible position by Gover- 
nor Glen, his executive ability and busi- 
ness acumen eminently fitting him for the office. 
He was also one of the promoters of the Elkin 
and Alleghany Railroad Company, which he is 
now serving as vice president. Mr. Chatham has 
always taken a deep interest in public matters, 
and in 1913 had the honor of being elected to the 
State Senate. While there he served as chairman 
of the Finance Committee and as a member of 
several committees of minor importance. 

Fraternally Mr. Chatham is a member of Win- 
ston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons; of Elkin Lodge of the Knights 
of Pythias; and of the Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics. He also belongs to the Twin 
City Club and to the Forsyth Country Club. 

Hon. John Fewel Reynolds of Winston-Salem 
has long been prominent both in the business and 
official life of that city, and for many years held 
the position of deputy internal revenue collector 
at Winston. He also served in the State Legis- 
lature and as a republican has done much to build 
up the strength of that party in Western North 
Carolina. 

Mr. Reynolds was born September 14, 1858, at 
Leaksville in Rockingham County, North Carolina. 
While the exact facts concerning the earlier gen- 
erations are not ascertainable, it is believed that^ 
his great-grandfather, George Reynolds, was a' 
native of Pennsylvania, from which state he 
became a pioneer in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. 
Mr. Reynolds' grandfather, Pryor Reynolds, was 
probably born in Pittsylvania County, but after 
reaching manhood he moved across the state line 



50 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



into North Carolina and bought the land in the 
locality known as The Meadows in Rockingham 
County, near the present site of Draper. There 
he was a substantial farmer for many years. He 
married Prudence Morehead, sister of Governor 
Morehead. 

Thomas Reynolds, father of John F., was born 
at The Meadows in Rockingham County, North 
Carolina or Eastern Tennessee, April 19, 1819. 
He was well educated, subsequently took up the 
study of medicine, at first with a physician at 
Greensboro and then in the Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege at Philadeljihia, where he was graduated with 
his degree. He began practice at Madison, North 
Carolina, but in 1850 removed to Leaksville, where 
he commanded a large clientage until his death. 
The maiden name of his wife was Sarah J. Fewel, 
her death occurring at the early age of thirty-nine. 
She was a native of Madison, Rockingham County, 
and daughter of William and Mrs. (Wall) Fewel. 
The children of Thomas and Sarah Reynolds were: 
Charles A., former lieutenant governor of North 
Carolina; Lelia, who died when quite young; 
Elizabeth D., Thomas E. and John F. 

John F. Reynolds after his early education in 
the district schools and Mount Airy Academy 
entered the noted law school conducted by Judges 
Dick and Dillard at Greensboro, and completed his 
law course in 1883. Though well qualified for the 
law Mr. Reynolds has never practiced. Removing 
to Winston, he became a tobacco manufacturer in 
company with his brothers, and was in that busi- 
ness until the jianic of 1894. In 1897 he was 
appointed dejiuty internal revenue collector at the 
branch office in Winston, and filled the office con- 
tinuously for sixteen years and four months. Dur- 
ing that time forty-three milion dollars worth of 
revenue stamps were sold through his office and 
vrithout the loss of a single cent to the Govern- 
ment. Mr. Reynolds is a thoroughly competent and 
efficient business man, and has proved capable and 
just in every relationship of life. 

He cast his first presidential vote in 1880 for 
James A. Garlield. He has always been a con- 
sistent supporter of the principles of the repub- 
lican party and on its ticket was elected a repre- 
sentative in the State Legislature in 1898 and was 
elected to the State Senate in 1901. 

Mr. Reynolds was married May 7, 1890, to 
Maude Wall. Mrs. Reynolds is of a prominent 
North Carolina family, though she was born in 
Henry County, Missouri. Her grandfather. Mason 
Wall, owned and occupied a plantation in Rock- 
ingham County, North Carolina, but in 1844 he 
sold his land and moved to Missouri. For the 
purpose of finding homes in what was then the far 
West, a colony of Rockingham County people was 
made up, consisting of members of the Wall, 
Fewel, Garrett and Allen families. They went 
West with teams and wagons. They took along 
their slaves and drove a large number of livestock. 
It was a journey of much hardship but on the 
whole was also one of many pleasant incidents. 
They had ample provisions in their wagons, and 
they camped out by the roadside. At that date 
Missouri did not have a single mile of railroad, and 
much of the land was still owned by the Govern- 
ment and could be bought at $1.25 per acre. The 
woods and prairies were filled with wild game, 
consisting of buffalo, deer, wolves and panthers. 
In Henry County, where the colony located, Mason 
Wall secured a large tract of Government land, the 



greater part of which was prairie and situated in 
the north part of the county. For a time the 
nearest convenient market was at Boonville, & 
100 miles distant. The various families lived th« 
simple frontier life, cooking their meals by th« 
open fire, while the slaves did th« carding, spinning 
and weaving, and homespun cloth provided all the 
clothing. The first home of the Wall family was 
a log house. Mason Wall was a very thrifty and 
successful business man and farmer, and in time 
he assisted each of his children in securing homes 
of their own. He lived in Henry County until 
his death. His wife's maiden name was Walker. 

Mrs. Reynolds ' father was Dr. James Walker 
Wall, who was born on a plantation in Rocking- 
ham County November 20, 1816. On completing 
his literary education he took up the study of 
medicine going to Philadelphia and graduating 
from the Jefferson Medical College. In 1844, 
then a young physician, he joined the colony 
bound for Henry County, Missouri, and arriving in 
that section he bought land in the northern part o< 
the county near his father 's home. His residence 
was about three miles from Leeton, across the line 
in Johnson County. His services as a physician 
were in great demand in that pioneer community, 
and he built up a large and extensive practice and 
continued it until his death on May 10, 1875. 
Wliile he was in active practice several young men 
studied medicine under him and also made their 
mark in the profession. Doctor Wall married 
Mary Frances Fewel, who was born in Madison, 
Rockingham County, North Carolina, March 28, 
1829. Her father, William Fewel, was probably a 
native of Greensboro, but in 1844 was living in 
Rockingham County, at which time he joined the 
Missouri Colony and in Henry County improved a 
farm with the aid of his slaves. William Fewel 
married a Miss Wall, and both lived to a good 
old age. Mrs. Reynolds was one of six children: 
James W., Mary Elizabeth, Corinna Alice, Sarah 
Lelia, Maude Ella and Robert Lee. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds have one daughter, 
Maude Edwin. She is a graduate of the Salem 
Academy and College and for two years was a stu- 
dent in St. Mary's College at Raleigh. She is a 
very gifted woman, especially in music, and has a 
large private class in piano, violin and vocal. 

.\LESANDER BOTD ANDREWS is a SOn of Col. A. 

B. Andrews (1841-1915) one of North Carolina's 
prominent men, whose biography is found on other 
pages. 

Born at Henderson, North Carolina, February 
2, 1873, Alexander Boyd Andrews attended" the 
Raleigh Male Academy and the University of 
North Carolina, where he took the full four years 
course and was graduated in 1893. He continued 
his studies in the university in the Law Depart- 
ment during 1893-94, and was admitted to the 
bar in September of the latter year. Since then 
for over twenty years he has been in general 
practice at Raleigh. He is a member of the North 
Carolina and American Bar associations. From 
1900 to 1904 he was a member of the Board of 
Aldermen of the City of Raleigh. 

Mr. Andrews is prominent in North Carolina 
Masonry. During 1916 he served as grand master 
of the Grand Lodge of the state, and in 1906 was 
srand coniniaiuler of the Knights Templar of 
North Carolina. He is also a Thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Mason and a member of the Shrine. 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



51 



On November 5, 1908, he married Miss Helen May 
Sharpies of Media, Pennsylvania. Her father was 
the late Walter M. Sharpies. 

Tudor Frith Winslow. An honored old Caro- 
linia name comes forward in respectfully calling 
attention to one of Perquimans County 's best 
known men, Tudor Frith Wiuslow, a name that 
for generations has represented sterling character 
and good citizenship. 

Tudor Frith Win.slow was born in Perquimans 
County, North Carolina, November 28, 1857. His 
parents were Francis Edward and Mary Talcm 
(Jordan) Winslow. His father was a man with 
numerous business interests, mainly agricultural, 
and after comjileting- his education in Randolph- 
Macon College, Tudor Frith Winslow assisted in 
conducting oiierations on the large farms and 
managing the stores that had to be established 
to meet the necessities of the hundreds of em- 
ployes. He thus had considerable business exper- 
ience prior to his father 's death, after which 
he and his brother, E. D. took over the entirt; 
management. 

Mr. Winslow had been conducting his own farms 
for but two years when he was first elected sheriff 
of Perquimans County, in which he served with 
the utmost satisfaction for two years and then 
resumed his personal management of his farm and 
stock interests. He operates 220 acres which 
adjoin the City of Hertford, and an additional 
250 acres, as a member of the firm of Winslow & 
White. Mr. Winslow has numerous other interests, 
his active participation in the developing of local 
enterprises being a proof of his public spirit, as 
well as his business judgment and keen fore- 
sight. Mr. Winslow is vice president of the Hert- 
ford Banking Company; was one of the organizers 
of the Cotton Oil Company; and is a member of 
the Fisheries Commission Board of the state, an 
important body that looks after the interests of 
one of the most invaluable industries of North 
Carolina. 

Mr. Winslow was married December 27, 1882, 
to Miss Mary Elizabeth Wood, of Hertford, and 
they have the following children: Mary Wood, 
Katherine Leight, Francis Edward and Elizabeth 
Blount. 

Mr. Winslow lias always been a sound and loyal 
democrat and on numerous occasions his party 
has called upon him to accept offices of responsi- 
bility. After serving- several terms as mayor of 
Hertford, in 1900 he was a second time elected 
sheriff of the county and served four years more 
in that office, retiring with an unblemished public 
record. At present he is giving his services to 
his country as chairman of the local board of ex- 
emption in reference to the army draft for the 
World war. Mr. Winslow and his family are 
members of the Episcopal Church, in which he has 
served for years in the office of junior warden. 
In all things he commands the trust and respect 
of his fellow citizens. 

SiHON A. Ogbdrn has been a resident of Win- 
ston-Salem more than half a century. His presence 
there has been one of varied usefulness to the 
community. He has been a successful merchant, 
and has extended his influence to the betterment 
and improvement of the city. The Ogburn family 
is one of the oldest in Western North Carolina. 
It was established here more than a century ago, 
and the name is intimately associated with various 
pioneer undertakings. 



The pioneer Ogburn to locate in tliis part of 
Use state was Edmund Ogburn, a native of Penn- 
sylvania, where he grew up and married. About 
1810 he brought his family to North Carolina, 
coming over the hills and trails from Virginia 
with wagon and team. He located about seven 
miles from Salem, in what was then Stokes County. 
His beginning was made with the purchase of a 
tract of timbered land. That land and all the sur- 
rounding country was tliea a rugged wilderness. 
Game of all kinds roamed through the woods and 
over the hills, and it was possible to gain a living 
by hunting the deer and bear that were so plenti- 
ful, not to mention many other species of the 
wild game. Edmund Ogburn had the mental and 
physical equipment for enduring the vicissitudes 
of pioneer existence. He was skillful with the 
ax, was an unerring marksman, and after he had 
cleared a portion of his land anil put it into cul- 
tivated crops he was able to sustain his family 
with all the necessary comforts. He and his wife 
lived on the old homestead until they passed away 
at a good old age. Their remains were laid to 
rest on the home farm. 

Sihon A. Ogburn is a native of the same county 
to which his grandparents came more than a cen- 
tury ago. He was born in the log house that stood 
five miles north of Salem, in what was then Stokes 
but is now Forsyth County. His liirth occurred 
there March 17, 1840. His father, James E. Og- 
burn, was born in Brunswick, A^irginia, in 1809, 
and was only a few months old when the family 
came to North Carolina. Naturally enough he had 
very meager advantages in the way of schools. 
He grew up in close touch with nature in its vir- 
gin state, learned all the arts and crafts of the 
frontier, and became sturdy and cajjable, and by 
experience rather than from books acquired the 
culture of the true gentleman. At the time of 
his marriage he bought some land near his father's 
place and erected the log house in which his son 
S. A. Ogburn first saw the light of day. This 
couple began housekeeping with no floor but the 
bare earth, while overhead the roof was covered 
with rough boards and the chimney was built of 
hewn timbers and rived boards lined from the in- 
side with a thick coating of clay. The mother of 
Mr. Ogburn had grown up proficient and wise 
in all the housewifely arts of her time. She knew 
how to spin and weave, and for years she dressed 
her children in homespun garments cut and fash- 
ioned with her own hands. Nearly all the cook- 
ing was done by the open fire. 

The fact that Winston-Salem is now one of 
the greatest tobacco centers in the South gives 
special interest to the pioneer enterprise of James 
E. Ogburn as a tobacconist. In the early days he 
raised a crop of tobacco, though only on a small 
scale. Forsyth County was then isolated from 
railroads and only a few rough highways led 
down into the more populous districts of the state. 
Thus there was little market for the leaf, and 
there was not a factory in the county. With the 
assistance of his sons, James E. Ogburn stemmed 
the tobacco and twisted it up into some of the 
pigtail twists which were such a familiar form of 
tobacco manufacture to an older generation. After 
thus putting his crop into a merchantable form he 
carried it to Salem, where his limited crop found 
a ready sale for home consumption. Thus was 
established the first tobacco factory in Forsyth 
County. At the beginning the family stemmed the 
tobacco in the house, but with the growth of the 



52 



HLSTOKY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



enterprise a special building was erected for that 
purpose. James Ogburn also installed a tobacco 
press, operated with wooden screws. In a few 
years the Ogburns were manufacturing the entire 
crop of tobacco leaf raised in Forsyth County. 
At that time the business was not one of surpass- 
ing proportions, since the county produced a very 
small crop in the aggregate. Manufacturing op- 
erations were usually begun in the month of .Tune 
and were continued until fall. The product was 
then taken in wagons to the southern counties and 
sold to the dealers and individuals. James Og- 
burn and wife lived on the old farm until late in 
life, when they moved to Winston and had their 
home with their son Sihon A. at the time of their 
death. They reared eight children: Eddie, Rufus, 
Marcellus, Sihon A., Charles J., John W., Martha 
E. and Edward W. Martha E. is the wife of 
Charles Masten and lives four miles east of Win- 
ston-Salem. 

The old farm in the country north of Winston- 
Salem afforded the environment where Sihon A. 
Ogburn spent his childhood years. He wisely im- 
proved all his opportunities to secure an education. 
To the limit of his strength and ability he assisted 
in the varied work of the farm and the tobacco 
factory. It will not be out of place to recall the 
earliest commercial transaction in which Mr. Og- 
burn was a party. This occurred when he was 
about eight years of age. In the process of strip- 
ping the tobacco leaf usually some small fragments 
were left on the stem. Young Ogburn busied him- 
self for several days with picking off these small 
pieces, and as a reward of his industry he found 
himself possessed of a small sack full of tobacco 
leaf. This sack he carried to Mr. Winkler, who 
kept the confectionei-y and cigar store. To the 
merchant 's question as to how much the boy 
wanted for his tobacco, the answer was given, "I 
will take it all in ginger cakes. ' ' The bargain 
was closed immediately on those terms and the 
purchaser was well satisfied and so was the seller. 
How many ginger cakes he received is not recorded, 
and nothing is known as to the discomfort he suf- 
fered consequent upon the sale and the consump- 
tion of the cakes. 

The years came and went, and about the time 
he reached his majority the North and South were 
involved in the life and death struggle of civil war. 
In 1862 Mr. Ogburn volunteered his services and 
enlisted in Company D of the Fifty-seventh Regi- 
ment, North Carolina troops. He was soon at the 
front, and on December 1.3, 1862, he was a par- 
ticipant in the great battle of Fredericksburg. In 
the course of that engagement he was three times 
severely wounded, and he carries the deep sears 
of his wounds even to the present time. He was 
then sent to a hospital, where he remained four 
months, and was then given a furlough home, where 
he spent nine months convalescing. Having re- 
covered somewhat, he reported for duty and was 
assigned to work as assistant in the quartermas- 
ter's department. Later he was appointed quar- 
termaster of the regiment, and gave service in 
that way until the close of the war. He surren- 
dered with his command at Appomattox, and on 
receiving his parole started home on foot, being 
three weeks in making the journey. 

In the fall after the close of the war Mr. Ogburn 
married, and he and his wife located at Winston. 
At that time the greater part of the present site 
of Winston was a wilderness. He and his wife 



occupied a house on the site now covered by the 
Kress store in the block across the street east 
of the courthouse building. Their house was then 
the only building in that entire block, and it was 
owned by Mrs. Ogburn 's father. At Winston the 
young soldier engaged in merchandising with his 
father-in-law, but after four years he left the 
town and bought a farm five miles north of the 
city. He was busied with the operation of his 
farm for two years, and then returning to Win- 
ston he bought the block of land upon which the 
O 'Hanlon ofSce building now stands. At the time 
of his purchase the block had only one building 
upon it. Here Mr. Ogburn engaged in the grocery 
trade, continuing it for several years, and then 
formed a partnership with his brother, C. J. Og- 
burn and W. P. Hill for the manufacture of 
tobacco. After two years Mr. Ogburn sold his 
interest in the tobacco, factory and then set up in 
business for himself, continuing for eighteen years. 
Since retiring from active commercial pursuits he 
has given his time to the management of his pri- 
vate affairs. 

On October 17, 186.5, Mr. Ogburn married Mary 
Jane Tise. Mr. and Mrs. Ogburn had the very 
happy experience of celebrating on October 17, 
1915, the golden wedding anniversary of their 
marriage. It was an occasion of much interest to 
the entire community, and was made happy and 
joyous by the presence of their children, grand- 
children and a great host of friends who at that 
time took the opportunity to render special honor 
to this old couple who have lived in the city for 
more than half a century. 

Mrs. Ogburn was born at Winston September 
26, 1847. Her father was Jacob Tise, who was 
born December 13, 1817. The Tise grandparents 
spent their last years in Winston. Jacob Tise was 
an early comer to Salem, where he served an ap- 
prenticeship at the carriage making and black- 
smithing trade. His apprenticeship over, he 
engaged in business for himself at Winston. His 
shop occupied the flatiron lot at the junction of 
Liberty and Main streets, his home being just 
across the street from his shop. He was a very 
successful business man, and in time acquired a 
large amount of town property. Many years ago 
he erected a dwelling house on the site now occu- 
pied by the great Reynolds tobacco factory. After 
his sons had grown to years of usefulness he 
engaged in merchandising, and continued a resi- 
dent of Winston until his death at the age of 
eighty-six years. Under his eyes Winston had 
expanded from a mere settlement in the wilder- 
ness to a thriving city, and he himself had been a 
not unimportant factor in that building and prog- 
ress. Jacob Tise married Margaret Kiser. She 
was born November 19, 1825, a daughter of Henry 
and Betty (Ripple) Kiser, and a granddaughter 
of Tandy Kiser. Tandy Kiser in the early part 
of the last century operated a very large planta- 
tion near Rural Hill in the northern part of For- 
syth County, and kept a retinue of about a hun- 
dred slaves in the fields and about the house. 
Henry Kiser, the father of Margaret Kiser, was 
also a large planter, his farm being about five 
miles from Germanton in Stokes County. Betty 
Ripple, who married Henry Kiser, was born in 
Davidson County, North Carolina, and both she 
and her husband lived to be upwards of ninety 
years of age. Mrs. Margaret Tise died in 1915, 
when eighty-nine years of age. She and her hus- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAR0LI^\1 



"53 



band reared four children: Mary J.; Martha Ann, 
who married John Henry Masten; Charles H., de- 
ceased; and Jacob Cicero. 

Mr. and Mra. S. A. Ogburn are the parents of 
ten children, named Robert Lee, Minnie V., Bufua 
H., Cicero, Ella, Mary, John F., Carrie, Paul and 
Daisy. Robert Lee has six children, two by his 
lirst wife, Emma Mickey, Clyde and Lillian, and 
by his second marriage, to Ida Fulcher, his four 
children are Thomas, Gene, Lena and Nina. The 
daughter Minnie married Francis B. Efird, and 
their five children are Oscar, Ida, Francis, Mary 
and Bahson. Rufus H., by his marriage to Dena 
Newton, has three children, named Henry, Celestie 
and Ada Gray. Cicero married Emma Kapp, and 
their four children are Cicero, Cleo, Kapp and 
Thomas Linn. Ella became the -nife of John Mc- 
Creary and has a daughter named Margaret. Mary 
married J. M. Peden, and their one daughter is 
Mary Frances. John F. married Sally Griffith and 
has a son, John Francis. Carrie is unmarried. 
Paul died at the age of twenty years. Daisy is 
the wife of S. C. Clark and lives at High Point. 
She married on her parents' fifty-second anni- 
versary and was twenty-five years old when she 
married. 

Mr. Ogburn had three brothers, all of whom 
went through the Civil war and all are living at 
this writing. 

Raymond Gay Pakker. A successful member of 
the Winston-Salem bar, Mr. Parker is a native of 
North Carolina and is a graduate in law from the 
University of North Carolina. 

His early environment was a farm in Wiecacanee 
Township in Northampton County, North Carolina. 
His father was Israel Putnam Parker, who was 
born in the same townjhip. The grandfather, 
Jesse Parker, was a farmer and spent his last 
years in that section of North Carolina. Jesse 
Parker married Miss Joyner, who lived to be 
eighty-three years of age. Israel Putnam Parker 
grew up on a farm and subsequently bought a 
place near the old homestead and was success- 
fully engaged in general farming there until his 
death at the age fifty-three. He married Miss 
Sue Gay. She was born in Jackson Township of 
Northhampton County, daughter of Jeremiah and 
Adelia (Staneell) Gay. Jeremiah Gay was a Con- 
federate soldier. Mrs. Sue Parker is now living 
in the Village of Jackson, and was the mother of 
three sons, named Walter, Raymond G. and Carl P. 

Raymond G. Parker attended the rural schools 
first and afterwards the Warrenton High School. 
For two years he was in the academic department 
of Wake Forest CoUege, and from there entered 
the law department of the University of North 
Carolina, where he was graduated in 1910. Mr. 
Parker has had a thorough experience as a lawyer 
and was in active practice at Jackson near his old 
home until 1915. He then moved to Winston- 
Salem, and since January, 1916, has been asso- 
ciated in the handling of a large legal clientage 
with John Cameron Buxton. 

Mr. Parker was married in 1911 to Miss Julia 
RaOey. Mrs. Parker, who died ten months after 
her marriage, was born in Northampton County, 
daughter of R. E. and Alma Railey. 

Mr. Parker is an active member of the Brown 
Memorial Baptist Church, belongs to the Young 
Men's Christian Association at Winston-Salem, and 
is a member of the Twin City Club. He has always 
been fond of athletic sports and while in college 



played center on the football team of 1907. Fra- 
ternally he is afliliated with Winston Lodge No. 
167, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Winston 
Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch Masons, Piedmont 
Commandery No. 6, Knights of Pythias, and Oasis 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Charlotte. 

Charles Alexander Hartman. Occupying a 
finely improved and well managed farm in Far- 
mington, Charles A. Hartman is actively identified 
with the promotion of the agricultural prosperity 
of I)a\-ie County, and is held in high regard as 
a man and a citizen. He was born, September 

17, 1854, about one mile south of Farmington, his 
present home, being a son of George A. Hartman, 
who was born in the same locality. 

Mr. Hartman 's grandfather, Charles Hartman, 
it is supposed, was born in Germany, and was the 
only member of his father's family to cross the 
ocean. Coming to North Carolina, he located in 
Davie County, and having bought a tract of land 
lying about a quarter of a mile south of Farm- 
ington he lived there a number of years. In 1853 
he migrated to Illinois, and having purchased vil- 
lage property resided there until his death. He 
married, and reared a family of sons and daugh- 
ters, the names of his sons having been George 
A., Elam, Moses, and James. George A. and 
two of the daughters remained in North Carolina, 
while the remainder of the family accompanied 
him to Illinois. 

When ready to settle in life, George A. Hartman 
bought laud situated a mile south of Farmington, 
Davie County, and began life as a farmer. Dur- 
ing the progress of the Civil war, he enlisted in 
the Confederate Army and served until the close 
of the conflict. Returning to his home after be- 
ing paroled, he resumed his agricultural labors, 
remaining on the home farm during the rest of 
his life. 

Tlie maiden name of the first wife of George 
A. Hartman was Elizabeth Etchison. She was 
born 1^4 miles southeast of Farajington, a daugh- 
ter of Shadrach Etchison. She died in 1856, leav- 
ing but one child, Charles Alexander, of this 
sketch. The second wife of George A. Hartman, 
whose maiden name was Sally Williams, was born 
about two miles southeast of Farmington, a daugh- 
ter of Martin and Julia (Howard) Williams. She 
liore him two children, Bettie and Hattie. 

Spending his early life on tlie home farm, 
Charles A. Hartman obtained his education in the 
district schools, and while assisting his father be- 
came well versed in agricultural lore. About 1879, 
he located in Farmington, where he resided for 
nine years, having been engaged in the manufac- 
ture of tobacco until 1883, and the following five 
years in the wholesale liquor business. Removing 
then to Shore, Yadkin County, he continued there 
two years, and for three years thereafter was a 
resident of Fremont, Wayne County. Going from 
there to Onslow County, Mr. Hartman resided in 
Jacksonville for two years, and then returned to 
Farmington, locating on the farm he now occupies, 
and the management of which, in addition to at- 
tending to his private affairs, he superintends. 

Mr. Hartman was united in marriage, December 

18, 1879, with Maggie Maria Brock. She was 
born near Farmington, December 17, 1859, a 
daughter of James Nathaniel Brock, and grand- 
daughter of Enoch Brock. Her great-grandfather, 
Nathaniel Brock, was born in Virginia, coming, it 
is said, from German ancestry. A local preacher 



54 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



in the Methodist Episcopal Church, he came to 
North Carolina during the later years of his life, 
locating in what is now Farmington Township, 
Davie County, but was then Rowan County, and 
on the farm that he purchased he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. 

Enoch Brock was born and bred in Princess 
Anne County, Virginia. Becoming a pioneer set- 
tler of Davie County, he was engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits in Farmington for a number of 
years. Disposing then of his farm, he moved to 
Weakley County, Tennessee, and tliere resided un- 
til his death. He married Miss Huddleston, and 
they reared four sons, among them having been 
the father of Mrs. Hartman. He, James Na- 
thaniel Brock, was born, in 1810, near Norfolk, 
Virginia, and was a child when he came with 
his parents to North Carolina. A farmer by occu- 
pation, he was for a few years located on land 
that his wife had inherited from her father, but 
later assumed possession of land that he had pur- 
chased near Farmington, and there carried on gen- 
eral farming until his death, when seveuty-si.x 
years old. He was twice married. He married 
first Maria Maxwell, who died in 1848. The 
maiden name of Mr. Brock 's second wife, the 
mother of Mrs. Hartman, was Margaret Cuthrell. 
She was born near Norfolk, Virginia, a daughter 
of Maximilian Cuthrell, a native of Virginia, and 
a soldier in the War of 1812, who came to Davie 
County, North Carolina, about 1829, and spent 
his last years in the vicinity of Farmington. 

Five children have been born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Hartman, namely: Charles Cecil, 
who died in the twenty-first year of his age; Guy 
L. ; Marjorie; George; and Mary Nell. George 
and Guy are both members of the Masonic Fra- 
ternity. Guy L. married Sally McGregor, and they 
have one daughter, Elizabeth. Mr. and Mrs. Hart- 
man are both members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and generous supporters of the same, con- 
tributing their full share toward its maintenance. 
Fraternally Mr. Hartman is a member of Farm- 
ington Lodge No. 265, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons. 

W1LL1.A.M Stewart Blanch.\rd. One of Hert- 
ford's foremost citizens, prominent in political and 
active in business life for many years, is William 
Stewart Blanchard, a memlier of the old Blanch- 
ard family stock of Eastern North Carolina of 
many generations back. Mr. Blanchard was born 
in Perquimas County, North Carolina, at Blanch- 
ard 's Bridge, an old landmark, October 23, 184.5. 
His parents were William Bawles and Cassandra 
(Deans) Blanchard. 

The excellent public schools of the present day 
were not in operation in Perquimans County in Mr. 
Blanchard 's youth, but there were many private 
schools of superior merit, and after attending for 
some years he entered Hertford Academy and there 
completed his academic course. In the meanwhile 
the war between the states had been precipitateil 
and was in progress, and when Mr. Blanchard 
had little more than passed his eighteenth birth- 
day he enlisted as a private in Company A, 
Thirteenth Battalion, North Carolina Light Artil- 
lery, Confederate Army, and served from Decem- 
ber, 186.3, until the close of the war. He returned 
home practically 'unharmed and immediately 
turned his attention to the peaceful pursuits of 
agriculture. 

For two years Mr. Blanchard assisted his father, 



who was a merchant, by operating the home farm. 
In 1868 he was married and then engaged in farm- 
ing for himself and continued his agricultural 
activities for thirteen years and then came to 
Hertford. Here, in association with his brother, 
Thomas Crowder Blanchard, he embarked in a 
general mercantile business on Eighteenth Street. 
Subsequently his son, Joseph Carroll Blanchard, 
bouglit an interest and Mr. Blanchard continued 
active in the business until 1913, when he retired. 
Mr. Blanchard is president of the Hertford Bank- 
ing Company. His public services have been numer- 
ous and important, and his fellow citizens fre- 
quently having shown appreciation of his business 
ability and his high personal character by calling 
him to offices of great responsibility. He has 
served the city worthily and lienefieially as mayor, 
and also has represented his district in the State 
Legislature with signal usefulness. 

Mr. Blanchard was married in December, 1868, 
to Miss Artemesia Towe, and they have the fol- 
lowing children: William Martin, Joseph Carroll, 
.Julian, Lawrence E., Margaret Deanes, Annie, who 
is the wife of Rev. R. H. Willis, a minister in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Alice and Eugenia 
Winnifred. Mr. Blanchard and his family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
he is a memljcr of the board of stewards. 

Joseph Carroll Blanchard, second son of Wil- 
liam Stewart Blanchard, and manager and part 
)iroi'rietor of the mercantile house of Blanchard 
iSr Son, Hertforii, is one of the progressive young 
business men of Hertford. He was born in this 
county, June 8, 1880. After attending Hertford 
Academy he entered Trinity College at Durham, 
North Carolina, where he remained until 1901, 
when he returned to Hertford and entered the 
mercantile business with his father and uncle. 
In 1912 he purchased a half interest in the busi- 
ness and became general manager. 

Mr. Blanchard was married October .5, 1910, to 
Miss Lillian Ferguson, of Waynesville, North 
Carolina, a daughter of Judge G. S. Ferguson, and 
they have two children, Sarah Ferguson and Lil- 
lian Carroll. Mr. Blanchard and wife are active 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
which, he is a steward, and they have a wide social 
acquaintance and maintain a hospitable home. Mr. 
Blanchard takes a deep interest in his city and is 
particularly concerned in regard to the public 
schools. He has never been very active in politics 
and has cared little for public office, l)ut has 
willingly consented to accept the chairmanship of 
the county board of education, a position for which 
he is admirably qualified. 

Samuel Franklin Vance, of Winston-Salem, 
has played a noteworthy part in business and pub- 
lic life in Forsyth County for many years, still 
keeps in touch with commercial affairs as a director 
in the Merchants National Bank of Winston-Salem 
and is a stockholder in various corporations, but 
for the most part is content to reside on his farm 
and look after his duties as state secretary of the 
Junior Order of United American Mechanics, an 
office he has held for a number of years. 

Mr. Vance was born on a plantation in Belews 
Creek Township of Forsyth County. His ancestry 
is Scotch. His grandfather, John Vance, was born 
in 1799 and is thought to have been a native of 
Forsyth County. He owned and occupied a farm 
in Belews Creek Township, and died there when 
about eighty years of age. He married Mary Mar- 




<^^^U4A/^iCUUi. 



^CU4.AL >^ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



55 



shall, who was also born in 1799 and survived her 
husband about six years. They reared eight chil- 
dren, named Betsy, Lucretia, Martin, John Frank- 
lin, Nathaniel D., Jane, Aulena and Mary. They 
are all now deceased, but it is a noteworthy fact 
that the sons all lived to be more than eighty years 
of age. 

John Franklin Vance, father of Samuel Frank- 
lin, was born in Belews Creek Township March 25, 
1825. He was distinguished as a natural mechanic. 
He had what amounted to a genius in the handling 
of tools and in the making of things usually the 
product of skilled trades. While he followed farm- 
ing as his principal vocation, he could and did 
work successfully as a carpenter, bricklayer, shoe- 
maker and in other lines. His life was spent in 
his native township, and he died there when in his 
ninetieth year. He married Sarah Barham. She 
was born in the same section of Forsyth County 
November 1, 18.31, and died in her seventy-third 
year. Thus both sides of the family are remark- 
able for longevity. Her jiarents were Balaam and 
Matilda Barham. John F. Vance and wife reared 
seven children: Samantha, Walter Burton, Au- 
gusta, Samuel Franklin, Arcelia, Virginia and 
Car rie. 

Samuel F. Vance spent his early life in the 
country districts of Forsyth County. He attended 
school there. The first school he attended was helil 
in a log cabin with a complete equipment of home- 
made furniture. The seats were made of slabs 
with wooden pins for legs, and there was not a 
tithe of the splendid equipment which school chil- 
dren of the present day enjoy. Limited as was 
the curriculum, he wisely imjiroved all the advan- 
tages offered him, and at the age of seventeen was 
qualified as a teacher himself. His first term was 
taught in the Vance schoolhouse, and he taught and 
attended school alternately for seven years. He 
finally completed a course in the Kernersville High 
School. His last three years as a teacher were in 
Middle Fork Township. 

From teaching Mr. Vance turned to commercial 
employment as a worker for the Spach brothers, 
and for five years had charge of their lumber 
department. He then accepted a call to public 
service, when appointed deputy clerk of the Supe- 
rior Court, an olBce he filled six years. He was 
next appointed assistant postmaster of Winston- 
Salem, and filled that office for twelve years, until 
he resigned. Mr. Vance then became vice presi- 
dent and treasurer of the Carolina Coal & Ice 
Company and the Crystal lee Company, but after 
a year gave up these positions requiring a great 
deal of executive detail and removed to his farm at 
Guthrie Station, 5i4 miles east of the courthouse. 
He has an attractive country home, and takes much 
delight in looking after his farm. 

Mr. Vance is a member of Fairview Council No. 
19, Junior Order of United American Mechanics, 
the largest council of that order in the state. 
Hei was elected state secretary of the order in 
1899, and has been continued in the office by 
repeated elections ever since. Through that office 
his name is known throughout North Carolina. 
He is also affiliated with Damon Lodge No. 41, 
Knights of Pythias, and with Twin City Camp No. 
27, Woodmen' of the World. 

Mr. Vance was married December 19, 1901, to 
Sally E. Fulton. She was born in Belews Creek 
Township, daughter of .John W. and Martha E. 
Fulton. Mr. and Mrs. Vance have two sons, 



Samuel Franklin, Jr., and Fred Fulton. The 
family are members of the Moravian Church. 

George W. Coan has long been prominently 
identified with the business affairs of Winston- 
Salem and is also prominent in social and civic 
atfairs. Until he retired from business he was 
officially identified with the great R. J. Reynolds 
Tobacco Company. 

Mr. Coan 's success in life has been due less to 
influential circumstances than the determination 
and ambition of his own character. He had a high 
aim as a young man and succeeded in realizing 
many of the more substantial ambitions of his 
youth. He was born on a plantation in Henry 
County, Virginia, but his family were long identi- 
fied with South Carolina. William Coan, Sr., was 
a native of Scotland, and on coming to America 
settled in Spartansburg, South Carolina, where he 
spent the rest of his life. His son, William Coan, 
Jr., became a planter in South Carolina, had a 
number of slaves, and was a man of substantial 
character and position in Spartansburg County. 
He died at his old home there while the war 
between the state was in progress. He married 
Polly Otts, who was of Scotch-Irish stock. They 
reared three sons: Andrew, James and John, and 
a daughter named Ann. 

John Coan, father of George W., was born on 
the plantation in Spartansburg, South Carolina, in 
1833. He finished his education in the old War- 
ford College, located near Spartansburg, and hav- 
ing completed his course he moved to Henry 
County, Virginia, and became a teacher. He was 
thus engaged when the war broke out, and soon 
afterward he enlisted and went to the front with 
a Virginia regiment. He served the cause of the 
South faithfully and well until the close of the 
struggle. On returning to Henry County he 
engaged in farming, a vocation he followed until 
his death in 1910. He never attained large 
wealth, but was a man of fine character and exer- 
cised an influence for good in his community. He 
married Mary Jones, a native of Henry County, 
Virginia, and daughter of George K. and Ann 
(King) Jones, both of whom were of Colonial 
ancestry. Mrs. John Coan still occupies the old 
home farm in Henry County, Virginia. She reared 
six children : Bettie, wife of Leon Sheffield, Lulie, 
George W., Posey, wife of J. J. Cox, Birdie, and 
John O., Jr. 

Mr. George W. Coan acquired his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Henry County, Vir- 
ginia. At the age of eighteen he engaged in 
business life as a bookkeeper in his native county. 
He continued similar duties until he was twenty- 
four, when he was made cashier of the Farmers 
Bank at Martinsville, Virginia. He had three 
years of practical experience as a banker, and 
resigned to engage in the manufacture of tobacco 
at Martinsville. His big opportunity came when 
he accepted the position of private secretary to 
Mr. R. J. Reynolds at Winston. He remained Mr. 
Reynolds' secretary two years, and then took a 
more active part in the great Reynolds tobacco 
industry. He was elected a director and the 
secretary and treasurer of the company. He car- 
ried many of the heaviest responsibilities of the 
detailed management of the business for fifteen 
years, until he resigned April 1, 1915. Since then 
he has lived retired, merely looking after his 
private affairs. 



56 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



In 1890 Mr. Coaii married Miss Lula Brown. 
She was born in Franklin County, Virginia, daugh- 
ter of William A. and Susan (Finney) Brown. 
Mr. and Mrs. Coan have two children: George 
W., Jr., and May. 

Mr. Coan is now serving as president of the 
Twin City Club of Winston-Salem and is a 
director of the Forsyth Country Club. He is a 
demitted member of the Masonic fraternity. He 
and his wife are active in the social life of the city. 
, Mrs. Coan and her daughter are members of tha 
Christian Church, while he remains faithful to the 
church of his ancestors, the Presbyterian denomi- 
nation. 

William H. H. Gregory. Civilization will hail 
riches, prowess, honors, popularity, but it will 
bow humbly to sincerity in its fellows. The ex- 
ponent of known sincerity, of singleness of honest 
purpose, has its exemplification in all bodies of 
men. He is known in every association and to 
him defer the highest honors. Such an exemplar, 
whose daily life and whose life work have been 
dominated as their most conspicuous character- 
istic by sincerity is Capt. William H. H. Gregory, 
of Statesville, North Carolina. 

Captain Gregory, a farmer and a retired cotton 
merchant, was born at Drury 's Bluff, Virginia, 
between Richmond and Petersburg, the date of 
his nativity being 1844. He is a son of Dr. Wil- 
liam W. and Elizabeth (Taylor) Gregory, both 
deceased. The Gregory family is of Scotch origin 
and the founders of the name in America came 
hither with the Gaits and settled on the James 
River, in Virginia. The family is of historic 
ancestry, bearing the blood of a number of the 
oldest and most renowned families of the Old 
Dominion commonwealth. Captain Gregory 's fa- 
ther was a planter and physician and a man of 
large affairs. His mother was the daughter of 
Col. Thomas P. Taylor, of Richmond, and a cousin 
of President Zachary Taylor. One of her brothers 
married a daughter of President William Henry 
Harrison, in whose honor Captain Gregory was 
named. Robert Pegram, of Virginia, who com- 
manded the famous Confederate gunboat. The 
Nashville, was a first cousin of Captain Gregory of 
this review, on the paternal side. 

Captain Gregory is an exceptionally well edu- 
cated and highly cultured gentleman. In his youth 
he attended the Rappahannock Military School, 
Georgetown College, Emory & Henry College, and 
Richmond College, of Richmond. He had not 
reached his fifteenth year, when, a boy at Rich- 
mond, he was a member of Company F, a local 
military organization in that city. In 1859, at 
the time of tlie threatened invasion of Virginia 
by John Brown, Governor Wise immediately called 
Company F into service to go to Harper 's Ferry 
to resist that raid. However, John Brown was 
captured by Captain (afterward General) Robert 
E. Lee an hour prior to the arrival of Company 
F at that place. Captain Gregory relates many 
interesting incidents of this historic affair, of 
which he is one of the very few survivors. 

In 1861 Doctor Gregory and his family located 
in Charlotte, North Carolina, and there they re- 
sided at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. 
Though but seventeen years of age at the time. Cap- 
tain Gregory volunteered his services, and as a re- 
sult of his military-school training and actual ex- 
perience, he was selected for drill master and as- 
signed to duty in Virginia. Subsequently he re- 



turned to Charlotte and enlisted as a private in the 
regular Confederate service, later becoming adju- 
tant of the Forty-second North Carolina Regiment 
of Infantry and eventually achieving the rank of 
captain. He was a courageous and high-spirited 
young soldier and was wounded in battle at Port 
Walthall Junction. 

After the close of the war Captain Gregory 
returned to Charlotte and there engaged in the 
general mercantile business, later becoming a cot- 
ton trader in that city. In 1886 he removed to 
his present place of abode, Statesville, county 
seat of Iredell County, and here engaged in the 
cotton business. Of late years he has been re- 
tired from active business life and he is now de- 
voting his time to the management of his attrac- 
tive farm of about one hundred acres, adjoining 
Statesville on the Northwest. This beautiful 
country estate is located on the Wilkesboro Road 
and as a result of natural advantages is well 
drained, therefore producing excellent crops. The 
residence stands on a high elevation, in a grove 
of giant oak trees, and is attractive and homelike 
in every respect. It boasts many valuable and 
interesting relics and mementos of the Confederacy 
and among other antiquities is a sterling ■ silver 
egg-boiler that belonged originally to the old 
Harrison family of Virginia. 

Captain Gregory has been twice married. 
November 14, 1866, he wed Miss Dora Brown, 
of Wilmington, a daughter of Frank Brown, of 
the old firm of Brown & DeRossett, of that city. 
Two children survive this marriage: Miss Mary 
Armstead Gregory, at home ; and Caroline, wife of 
R. A. Lackey, of Oklahoma. Mrs. Gregory was 
summoned to the life eternal March 26, 1878, and 
for his second wife Captain Gregory married on 
October 12, 1880, Miss Mittie Lou Ramsey, of 
Columbus, Mississippi, a daughter of the late 
John Calhoun Ramsey, originally of Fayetteville, 
North Carolina, and prior to his demise a promi- 
nent manufacturer and business man in Missis- 
sippi. This union was prolific of four children, 
concerning whom the following brief data are 
here incorporated : Marie Taylor is the wife of 
Ernest B. Moore, of Atlanta; Rylina Harrison 
married H. C. Evans and they make their home 
in Raleigh, North Carolina; Lieut. Harry Gregory 
is an ofScer in the United States Army and served 
at the Mexican border in the summer of 1916; and 
Richard K. Gregory is a resident of Baltimore, 
Md. 

Under Gen. Julian E. Carr Captain Gregory 
held the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the United 
States Confederate Veterans, Department of 
North Carolina, and at the great reunion of that 
organization at Washington, in June, 1917, he 
commanded the first brigade of North Carolina 
veterans. Captain Gregory is a man of high im- 
pulses, strong moral filler, fine judgment and keen 
foresight. He has helped to build up the com- 
munity in which he resides and here he is well 
known and is held in high esteem by everyone. 

Addie Archie Paul began business life at a 
very early age and by hard work and a rather 
unusual degree of persistency, mixed with exper- 
ience and native talent, has achieved that degree 
of success accorded him by his friends and asso- 
ciates at Washington, where he is one of the 
highly esteemed citizens. 

Mr. Paul was born in Craven County, North 
Carolina, June 24, 1882, a son of Beverly and 



TKK KF:Vj' YORK 




]4r:<J^r)€^£e. 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



57 



Martha (Rowe) Paul. His father was a mecliauic 
and farmer. After an education in tlie public 
schools of his native county, Mr. Paul hcgan work 
in a grocery store at the age of fourteen. Later 
he was with a dry goods establishment at Newbern, 
North Carolina, and from that got into business 
for himself as a furniture dealer and undertaker 
at Wilson, North Carolina. He was in business 
at Wilson for nine years. Since then most of his 
work has been in the field of real estate, for a 
time he operated in Sampson and Bladen counties, 
but in 1917 opened his main offices in Washington. 
Mr. Paul is affiliated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Harmony, and the 
Patriotic Sons of America. He and his family 
attend worship in the Baptist Church. 

His first wife was Mary Barber, who died 
August 1, 1908, leaving no children. On Sep- 
tember 1, 1909, he married Lillie Belle Willis, of 
Washington, North Carolina. They have three 
children, Beverly, Callie and Arthur Atwood. 

William Poindexter Hill has spent the 
greater part of his active career in Winston-Salem, 
and for years has been one of the sustaining 
factors in the commercial affairs of that city. He 
was a boy soldi( r of the Confederate army and 
life has opened up to him a great variety of 
experience and opportunity. 

Ho is a great-grandson of a gallant officer of 
the Revolutionary war. This ancestor was Major 
Robert Hill, who was born in Caroline County, 
Virginia, a son of William Hill, who probably 
spent all his life in Virginia. Major Hill was 
in the War of the Revolution with "VEtEginla/, 
troops, and won his title by valiant service iji 
behalf of the cause of freedom. "After tlie war he 
moved to North Carolina, and bought land near 
Germanton in Stokes County. With the aid of 
his slaves he improved a fine plantation, on which 
he lived until his death. 

Joel Hill, grandfather of William P., was born 
in Stokes County, North Carolina, and after grow- 
ing to manhood succeeded to the ownership of a 
portion of the old plantation. He also employed 
slaves in it.s operation, and lived a quiet and 
useful life there until his death in 1856. Joel 
Hill married Mildred Golding. Her father John 
Golding came to North Carolina from Virginia, 
was an early settler in Stokes County and had a 
plantation near Germanton on which he spent 
his last years. Mrs. .Joel Hill died in 1869. She 
had a family of eleven children. 

John Gideon Hill, father of the Winston-Salem 
business man, was born near Germanton October 
11, 1817. He was a product of rural environment 
and of rural schools in his youth. He was satis- 
fied to follow the example of his ancestors and 
cultivated his fields and was an earnest participant 
in the life of his community. Before his mar- 
riage he served a term as Sheriff of Stokes County, 
which then included Forsyth County. When 
Forsyth County was organized he was elected 
sheriff of the new county. He married Susan 
Frances Poindexter. She was born near German- 
ton in Stokes County, October 9, 1828. Her 
father. Colonel William Poindexter, was a native 
of the same locality. Her grandfather, David 
Poindexter, came from Virginia, and was a 
Revolutionary soldier, being in Washington's 
army and a witness of the surrender of Lord 
Cornwallis at Yorktown. On coming to North 



Carolina he developed a plantation in Stokes 
County, not far from Germanton, and that was 
the scene of his last years. This Revolutionary 
veteran married Frances Johnson. Her mother 
was named Poe, and she was also related to the 
Chisholm and Fox families. Colonel William 
Poindexter remained a resident of Stokes County 
all his life and conducted a large plantation there. 
He derived his title from service in the state 
militia. Colonel Poindexter married Eliza Nelson, 
a native of Stokes County, daughter of a promi- 
nent planter Isaac Nelson. Mrs. John G. Hill 
was a member of the Episcopal Church. She died 
at the age of sixty-one, having reared eight 
children, William Poindexter, Ann Eliza, Mary 
Mildred, Joel, Sarah Josephine, David Jasper, 
Francis Gideon and Alice. 

William Poindexter Hill was born on a farm 
near Germanton in Stokes County October 8, 
1847. Owing to the turbulent state of the country 
during his youth he had rather limited advantages 
in the way of schooling. He was only fourteen 
when the war broke out, and he shortly after- 
ward enlisted in the Junior Reserve, serving under 
Lieutenant Neal. The first work to which he 
directed his attention after the war was teaching 
in Henry County, Virginia, and he also taught 
in Stokes and Forsyth Counties, North Carolina. 

Mr. Hill has been a resident of Winston since 
1878. While he is now endeavoring to free him- 
self from some of the heavier cares of business 
he was for many years a vigorous and active 
participant in the commercial life of the city. 
He was one of the organizers and vice president 
of Oakland Manufacturing Company, now the B. 
P. Huntly Furniture Company. He was also an 
organizer of the Huntly-Hill-Stockton Company, 
which has built up a business that makes it one 
of the largest furniture houses in the entire state. 
Mr. Hill still retains the vice presidency in this 
company. For a number of years he was also a 
member of the firm of Ogburn, Hill & Company, 
tobacco manufacturers. 

He married Elizabeth Ogburn. Mrs. Hill is a 
native of Winston, daughter of Cliarles B. and 
Tabitha (Moir) Ogburn. For the record of her 
family, long a prominent one in this section of 
Nortli Carolina, the reader is referred to other 
pages of this publication. Mr. and Mrs. Hill have 
reared five children: Charles G., William P., 
Elizabeth, Eugene D., and Edward Ashton. 
Cliarles married Mary Ella Cannon, and has three 
children Ella Cannon, Charles G., and Susan 
Frances. Eugen» married Minnie Lee Henry. 
Elizabeth is the wife of Agnew Hunter Bahnson, 
and has a son Agnew Hunter, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hill have long been sustaining members of the 
Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Oscar Rodolph Keiger, M. D. A young 
physician of thorough ability and wide training 
and experience, Doctor Keiger has recently located 
at Winston-Salem and is in the enjoyment of 
high professional standing and a large practice 
iu that community. 

He represents some of the very old and promi- 
nent names in this section of North Carolina. He 
was born on a farm in Tadkin Township of Stokes 
County, a son of John Wesley Keiger, who was 
born on the satie farm December 12, 1849, and a 
grandson of John Keiger. The grandfather owned 



58 



HISTORY OF XORTIi CAROLINA 



and occupied a farm in Yadkin Township and 
spent his last days there. He married Sally 
Winfrey. 

Doctor Keiger 's father grew up on a farm and 
succeeded to the ownership of the old homestead. 
He spent his active career as a farmer, and his 
son had the farm as his early environment and 
playground. John "Wesley Keiger married Martha 
Louise Schaub. She was a native of Yadkin 
County, and she and her husband reared eight chil- 
dren, named Charles Edwin, Numa Fletcher, 
James Arthur, Oscar Rodolph, Cyrus Clifton, 
Georgia Beatrice, Annie Gray and Lelia Blanche. 

Doctor Keiger 's maternal ancestry deserves some 
particular mention. His mother's great-grand- 
father was John Frederick Schaub, a native of 
Switzerland, where he was born in 1717. On com- 
ing to America he lived a while in Pennsylvania, 
but in 1756 came to North Carolina and was a pi- 
oneer in what is now Forsyth County. He died at 
Oldtown in 1801. His family consisted of four 
sons and one daughter. His son John Jacob 
Schaub, grandfather, of Mrs. John W. Keiger, was 
born in Forsyth County December 29, 177.5. He 
refused to allow the Moravian Church to select a 
wife for him, but married the lady of his own 
choice, Miss Maria Salome Nissen. They were 
married by Squire Stuckberger. For this dis- 
obedience to the church mandate they were 
dropped from the membership, but subsequently 
were taken back into the fold. John Jacob 
Schaub was a tailor by trade. William Samuel 
Schaub, maternal grandfather of Doctor Keiger, 
was born near Bethania, in what is now Forsyth 
County, January 17, 1S05. Though he learned 
the trade of tailor he followed it only a short 
time. Buying a farm near Dalton, he was engaged 
in its cultivation, 'and at the same time operated a 
saw and grist mill. He was an honored and useful 
citizen in that community, where he died Novem- 
ber 5, 1892. William S. Schaub married Eliza 
Hauser, who was born October 3, 1810, and is 
supposed to have been a lineal descendant of 
Martin Hauser, one of the first settlers in what 
is now Forsyth County. William S. Schaub and 
wife were reared in the Moravian Church, but in 
the absence of a convenient church of that denomi- 
nation they joined the Methodist and were active 
members of the congregation until they died. He 
served many years as trustee, steward and class 
leader. Their oldest son, Winborn Benjamin 
Schaub, enlisted soon after the commencement of 
the war in Company F of the Twenty-first Regi- 
ment, North Carolina Troops, -and was commis- 
sioned first lieutenant. When the company 's cap- 
tain resigned he took command, and at the second 
battle of Manassas, on the 28th of August, 1862, 
he fell while gallantly leading his company in a 
charge. 

Doctor Keiger secured his early education in 
the district schools and in the Booneville High 
School. When eighteen years of age he began 
teaching. His first term was taught at Donnaha 
and the second in the Hauser or Rocky Spring dis- 
trict. He left the school room to take up the 
study of medicine in 1907 in tlie medical depart- 
ment of the University of North Carolina, where 
he was graduated in 1909. For further prepara- 
tion he entered the University College of Medicine 
at Richmond, where he completed the course and 
was granted his degree in 1911. 

Before beginning active practice Doctor Keiger 



served four months as an interne in the Danville 
General Hospital. He was successfully engaged 
in a general practice at King in Stokes County 
until 1916. After a post graduate course in the 
Polyclinic Hospital at New York City he resumed 
practice at Winston-Salem. He is a member in 
high standing of the Forsyth County and North 
Carolina State Medical Societies, and also belongs 
to the American Medical Association. 

Doctor Keiger was married December 30, 1915, 
to Sally Maude Fulton. She was born at Walnut 
Cove, North Carolina, daughter of James Fulton 
and gi-anddaughter of Jacob Fulton. Her father 
was for several years a commercial traveler but is 
now engaged in the mercantile business at Greens- 
boro. Doctor Keiger is an active member of the 
Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church, South, 
while Mrs. Keiger is a member of the Episcopal 
Church. He is affiliated with Fairview Council No. 
19, Junior Order of United American Mechanics, 
and Lodge No. 5_8 of the Masonic order. 

Lauren Osborne Gib.son, M. D. A talented 
physician and surgeon, practicing at StatesvUle, 
the home of his youth. Doctor Gibson has given 
to that city one of its most promising institu- 
tions, the Gibson Sanitarium, of which he is 
owner and proprietor. Doctor Gibson was born 
near Statesville in Iredell County in 1883. His 
grandfather was the late Rufus Gibson, one of 
the pioneer settlers of Iredell County. Doctor 
Gibson is a son of William B. and Octie (Gibbs) 
Gibson, whose home is now in States^'ille. His 
father was born in Iredell County in 1853, and 
has been a lifelong farmer. His old home place 
was at Loray, northwest of Statesville, but for 
some years he lived below Statesville in ,the 
Bethany community, where Doctor Gibson was 
born. Now for several years his home has been 
in Statesville. He has long been prominently 
identified with the Farmers' L^nion and other 
farmers movements. He is chairman of the 
Executive Committee ■ of the Iredell County 
Farmers ' Union, is chairman of the Fertilizer 
Committee of the state organization of the 
Farmers ' Union, and is vice president and man- 
ager of the Farmers ' Union Warehouse for Ire- 
dell County. A special illustration of his promi- 
nence in this part of the state was his appoint- 
ment in August, 1917, by Governor Bickett as 
chairman of the Exemption Board for the Western 
District of North Carolina, to pass upon exemp- 
tions under the Selective Draft Act. 

Doctor Gibson received his early education in 
the local schools, and graduated from Davidson 
College with the class of 1910. He then entered 
the Medical School of the North Carolina Medical 
College at Charlotte, and received his M. D. 
degree in 1913. The following year was spent in 
the Kensington Hospital at Philadelphia, and in 
191-1 he returned to Statesville and began practice. 

Doctor Gibson established the Gibson Sanitarium 
in November, 1916. It is a hospital well equipped 
for handling medical and surgical cases of women 
and for obstetrics. The hospital was opened under 
the most favorable auspices, and with Doctor Gib- 
son as director its facilities and serrice have 
brought it a justified place among the important 
institutions oif Iredell County. Besides looking 
after the hospital management Doctor Gibson still 
attends to his large private practice in States- 
ville and surrounding territory. 



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HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



59 



Beverly Gillim Moss began his business career 
at a very early age and tliough still eomijaratively 
a young man has had the experience of a veteran 
in a numlier of important enterprises in and around 
Washington. 

Mr. Moss was born in Chesterfield County, Vir- 
ginia, January 19, 1875, but in 1886 his parents 
moved to "Washington, North Carolina, where he 
grew up. He is a son of Beverly Turpin and 
Mary Elizabeth (MorgaiiJ Moss. His father was 
for many years a leading lumber manufacturer. 
Mr. B. G. Moss received his early education under 
private tuition in Virginia, and after 1886 at- 
tended the high school at Washington, North 
Carolina. He had been out of school only a short 
time when he engaged in business for himself 
and at the age of twenty established the Moss 
Planing Mill Company in 1895, and has since 
been owner of this considerable industry at Wash- 
ington, including a large and well equipped plant 
and employing twenty-five skilled operators. In 
1904 Mr. Moss organized the Savings & Trust 
Company at Washington and has since been its 
president. This company has a capital of .$50,000, 
surplus of $20,000, while its deposits average 
$275,000. 

Many other business affairs claim his ability and 
time. He is a director of the Beaufort County 
Iron Works, of the Home Building & Loan Asso- 
ciation, and is owner of farm lands aggregating 
about 2,100 acres. 

He became interested in public affairs almost 
as soon as in business, and from the age of 
twenty-two to thirty-one he served as an alder- 
man of Washington, a period of nine years, and 
has ever since been active in matters of civic 
betterment. He is vice president of the Chamber 
of Commerce, is a Knight Templar Mason and 
Knight of Pythias, is deacon of the Presbyterian 
Church and superintendent of its Sunday school. 

July 14, 1909, Mr. Moss married Emma Alline 
Carter, daughter of Jesse Carter, a druggist in 
Aberdeen, North Carolina. Mrs. Moss is descended 
from Sir Thomas Carter, a historic figure in the 
early days of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs.. Moss have 
three children: Beverly Gillim, jr., Jesse Carter 
and Frank Graham. 

Ch.\rles D. Ogburn is one of a prominent 
family that has been identified with Forsyth 
County since pioneer times. His own career has 
been chiefly identified with tobacco manufacture, 
though he also has extensive interests in banking 
and other affairs of Winston-Salem. 

He was born in Forsyth County, April 25, 1861. 
His grandfather, Edward Ogburn, was born in 
Virginia, came to the State of Nortli Carolina 
early in the last century, buying a tract of land 
about seven miles north of the present site of 
Winston. There he i-nproved a farm and kept his 
residence there until his death. Charles B. Ogburn, 
father of Charles D., was born on the old farm 
about five miles from Winston in Forsyth County 
and had the training of a. country boy in this 
section of North Cr.rolina in the first half of the 
nineteenth century. He was in vigorous young 
manhood when the United States went to war with 
Mexico in 1846, and he enlisted in Company G of 
the First Regiment, North Carolina troops. He 
was soon appointed first sergeant, went to Mexico 
with his command, and was with his regiment in 
all its movements and battles. He was promoted 
to seeond-lieutenant and at the close of the war 



returned home. About the close of the Mexican 
war the news came of the discovery of gold in 
California. Charles B. Ogburn was one of those 
who joined the great rush to the Eldorado, and in 
1849 traveled across the plains with a large party 
of men to California. He had considerable expe- 
rience in the gold fields tliere but in a year or so 
returned home. Then after an interval of another 
year or two he went back to California, making 
the .iourney this time by way of the Isthmus. 
Again there followed the experience and excite- 
ment of life in a mining district, and on return- 
ing to North Carolina he invested his savings and 
earnings in a farm in Kernerville Township. He 
became a general farmer and after the close of 
the Civil war he was associated with N. D. 
Sullivan in the manufacture of tobacco near 
Walkertown. He continued that business until 
his death in 1875. Charles B. Ogburn married 
Tabitha Moir. She was born in Eockingham 
County, North Carolina. Her father, Robert 
Moir, arrived in America after a journey of many 
weeks on a sailing vessel from Scotland, which 
was his native country. In Eockingham County, 
North Carolina, he bought a tract of land, and 
became a very extensive planter and also a tobacco 
manufacturer. He had fifty or more slaves 
employed in his fields and around his factories 
and house. Eobert Moir continued a resident of 
Rockingham County until his death. Mrs. Cliarles 
B. Ogburn died in'l862, mother of three children: 
Robert E., Elizabeth, who married William P. Hill, 
»nd Charles D. 

Charles D. Ogburn has spent his life in and 
around Winston-Salem, attended the public schools 
of Winston, and after leaving high school had a 
course in the Baltimore Business College at Balti- 
more, Maryland. He then returned to his native 
precinct aiid took up the manufacture of tobacco. 
In 1885 he became associated in a partnership with 
C J Ogburn and W. P. Hill under the firm name 
Ogburn, Hill & Company. This company did a 
large business as tobacco manufacturers until 191— 
Since then Mr. Charles D. Ogburn has been a 
member of the firm N. D. Sullivan Co., whose 
factory is near Walkertown. 

Besides his tobacco interests Mr. Ogburn is a 
director of the Wachovia Bank & Trust Company 
of Winston-Salem, of the Washington MiUs at 
Fries Virginia, of the Crystal Ice Company and 
the Home Real Estate Loan Insurance Company, 
and large land interests in Eastern North Caro- 
lina besides other interests in North Carolina. He 
is a charter member of the Twin City Club of 
Winston-Salem, director Forsyth Rolling Mills. 
Mr Ogburn and his family are members of the 
Calvary Moravian Church. He was married in 
1895 to Carrie Shelton. Mrs. Ogburn was born 
in Davidson County, North Carolina, daughter of 
Doctor and E. E." (Belo) Shelton. She died in 
1897 Mr. Ogburn has two sons, Carl DeWitt and 
Ralph Belo. Carl is now in the Aviation Section, 
United States army, and Ralph is at University 
of North Carolina. 

William C. Perrt. In days when much adverse 
criticism of public officials and general unrest of 
all kinds prevails, it is particularly gratifying to 
he aide to chronicle, together with his personal 
hi.story, the universal satisfaction that attends 
the administration of William C. Perry, as super- 
intendent of the Iredell County Home. Whatever 
has been possible in the way of making the home 



60 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



entirely self-supporting, Mr. Perry has doue since 
he came here in 1906, for he is not only a con- 
scientious, reliable man, but a thoroughly expe- 
rienced farmer. 

William C. Perry was born in Iredell County, 
North Carolina, in 1870. He comes of some of the 
finest old stock in the state. His paternal grand- 
mother was a Haithcock. His parents were L. C. 
and Mary A. (Boger) Perry, both of whom are 
deceased. The father of Mr. Perry was born in 
Cabarrus County, North Carolina, and accom- 
panied his parents to Iredell County prior to the 
war between the states. The grandfather settled 
near Arthur 's Mill, about five miles east of Barium 
Springs, and followed an agricultural life there. 
L. C. Perry assisted his father on the home place 
until the war broke out and then entered the 
Confederate service and remained in the army un- 
til the end of the struggle, returning to peaceful 
pursuits without his good right arm. He sur- 
vived until 1900. He married Mary A. Boger, 
who belonged to an old Pennsylvania Dutch family 
that had settled in Cabarrus County before the 
Eevolutionary war. Her mother was a Steiwalt. 

William C. Perry was reared on the home farm 
and was educated in the public schools. He has 
always taken a great deal of interest in farm 
development and judging by the high state of 
cultivation to which he has brought his own farm 
of thirty-four acres, lying a half mile west of 
the county home, his neighbors estimate that he 
is the best farmer in Iredell, seems a just one. 
His land lies in the heart of the Piedmont region 
and is worth at least $100 per acre. 

Without doubt, Iredell has the finest county 
accommodations for its indigents, in North Caro- 
lina. Mr. Perry has had charge since 1906 but 
the plant was not completed until 1913. The 
farm contains 240 acres and extensive farming 
operations are carried on by Mr. Perry, who takes 
pride in the fact that this is one of the few county 
homes in the state that are self sustaining. 
Modern brick buildings of beautiful architecture, 
have been erected at a cost of $40,000, and they 
have been equipiped with electric -lights and a 
water system that includes sanitary sewerage. 
Good judgment, in which Mr. Perry 's voice was 
heard, prevailed in the erection of the different 
buildings and their appropriate use. Separate 
and equally comfortable buildings have been pro- 
vided for the white and the colored dependents, 
and there are separate buildings for infectious 
diseases, for the tubercular and those of unsound 
mind. The care and management of such an in- 
stitution, aside from the responsibility of the 
inmates, would tax the strength and vitality of 
many men, but in Mr. Perry tlie county has 
found an ideal superintendent. In addition to 
being a well informed and jiraetical farmer, he is 
a good business man and in addition to this he 
is gifted with tact, and a genial disposition that 
enables him to keep up his admirable system of 
management without any friction. 

Mr. Perry has been twice married, first to Miss 
Fannie Dry, and five children were born to them, 
namely: Mrs. Alice Jones, and Ada, Clayton, 
Malla and Irene Perry. 

William M. Nissen. The story of one of North 
Carolina's oldest manufacturing industries might 
be woven about tlie name Nissen. It is a name 
that signifies character. For eighty years or more 
many thousands of Nissen wagons have been in 
service, and the buyers of these vehicles have long 



since taken it for granted that not only the best 
of material entered into their construction, but also 
that the highest quality of skill and the other 
qualities which stand for stability and reliability 
are represented in their timbers. The present 
proprietor of the Nissen Wagon Works at Winston- 
Salem is William M. Nissen, a son of the founder 
of the business. 

The name is also one that belongs to the colonial 
annals of North Caroling. The founder of the 
family in this state was Rev. Tyco Nissen, who was 
born in Holstein, Denmark, March 14, 1732. He 
was the great-grandfather of William M. Nissen. 
He came to America when the Atlantic colonies 
still gave allegiance to Great Britain, in 1770. 
Some time later he arrived in North Carolina and 
settled near Salem, where he bought a tract of land 
and developed it as a farm or plantation. Accord- 
ing to the records found in Clewell 's ' ' History of 
North Carolina," the cornerstone of a church 
was laid in 1772 at Friedland and the house was 
consecrated February 18, 1775, and Rev. Tyco 
Nissen was introduced as the first minister. He 
continued active in the ministry there until 1780. 
His death occurred in Salem February 20, 1798. 
His remains now repose in the Moravian grave- 
yard in Salem. He married Salome Meuer, who 
was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, January 
20, 1750, and died at Salem May 4, 1821. Her 
father, Philip Meuer, was born in Alsace March 
25, 1708, and died in Bethlehem April 15, 1759. 

Christian Nissen, a son of Rev. Tyco Nissen, 
was born in Forsyth County, North Carolina, grew 
up on a farm and followed farming as his active 
vocation. He remained a resident of his native 
county untU his death. He reared three daughters 
and two sons, named Betsy, Lucinda, Sally, John 
Philip and Israel. 

John Philip Nissen was the founder of the Nissen 
wagon industry at Winston-Salem. He was born 
on a farm in Broad Bay Township of Forsyth 
County in 1813. A genius for mechanics was 
apparently an inheritance. Before he had reached 
his majority, while living on the farm and with 
only such tools as were usually found about a 
farm in the early half of the last century, he built 
a wagon complete from tongue to endgate. It Y'as 
a wagon that saw many years of hard service. It 
was his first masterpiece and attracted much admi- 
ration and naturally excited a demand for others 
like it. 

In 1834 John P. Nissen bought a lot in Waugh- 
fown. Erecting a log building, he made that his 
pioneer wagon shop. With an equipment of hand 
too's, and supplying all the labor himself, he began 
making wagons for sale. There was a customer 
for every wagon before it was finished. The cus- 
tom came from the immediate locality, but the fame 
of the Nissen wagons steadily grew, and every 
year the output went to markets more and more 
distant from the place of manufacture. The log 
building was replaced by a frame structure, and 
power machinery was installed. This frame fac- 
tory was converted into a government workshop 
during the war between the states and the Nissen 
wagons were made in great numbers for the Con- 
federate army. John Philip Nissen had an almost 
unerring judgment as to materials, and practically 
until the close of his life took the greatest of 
pains and gave his personal supervision to nearly 
every detail of manufacture. It was on the firm 
foundation of his individual integrity and char- 
acter that the fame of the Nissen wagons became 






RK 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



61 



widespread. He continued actively engaged in the 
business which he had founded until his death in 
1874. 

John P. Nisseu married Mary Vawter. She 
was born in Virginia, and came with her father, 
Bradford Vawter, from that state to a home a few 
miles south of Salem. Bradford Vawter bought 
a farm there and lived on it until his death. Mrs. 
John Philip Nissen died in 1884. She reared a 
family of ten children, named Jane, George E., 
John, Betty, Reuben, Frank, Hattie, Alice, William 
M. and Samuel. 

William M. Nissen was born at Waughtown, 
which is now a rural station of the Winston-Salem 
postoffiee, and has spent his life practically in 
that one locality. He attended the Boys ' School at 
Salem and than became a youthful apprentice in 
his father 's factory. He studied all the details of 
wagon manufacturing and knows the business thor- 
oughly from the workshop to the counting room. 
After he became of age he and his brother George 
E. succeeded their father in business and con- 
ducted the factory along the same lines which had 
been emphasized by their honored father. In 1909 
William Nissen bought the interest of his brother, 
and has since been sole proprietor. As already 
noted, the business was begun in a log house, that 
was succeeded by a frame building, and in recent 
years a large brick factory has been erected, con- 
taining all the modern appliances and machinery 
for turning out finished wagons, and where his 
father eighty years ago would spend many days 
on one wagon, the factory now has an output of 
many vehicles each day. At times upwards of 
200 men have been employed in the plant, and it is 
not only one of the oldest manufacturing estab- 
lishments under one continuous family ownership 
in the state, but also one of the most prosperous 
and one of the chief assets of the industrial life of 
Winston-Salem. 

In 1898 Mr. Nissen married Ida W. Wray. She 
was born at Reedsville, North Carolina, a daughter 
of Richard and Lucy (Burton) Wray. Mr. and 
Mrs. Nissen have two children, George W. and 
Richard. 

Charles J. Ogbuen is not only a veteran of the 
business and commercial life of Winston-Salem. 
His enterprise and special ability have long been 
a factor in the growth of that community and a 
record of those chiefly responsible for the building 
up of this comparatively new city of Western 
North Carolina could not properly omit mention 
of Cliarles J. Ogburn. 

Mr. Ogburn was born, on a farm about five miles 
from Winston-Salem May 6, 1842. His family 
have long been prominent in this section. His 
grandfather, William Ogburn, was a native of 
Mecklenberg, Virginia, and removed to Stokes 
County, North Carolina, locating a few miles north 
of Salem, where he bought land and spent the 
rest of his days farming. James Ogburn, father 
of Charles J., was born in Mecklenberg, Virginia, 
and was very young when brought to North Caro- 
lina by- his parents. Having grown up on a 
farm, he took up farming as his regular vocation, 
but was also one of the first in this region of 
North Carolina to manufacture tobacco. He 
bought land about two miles from his father 's 
home and lived there until his death. 

Charles J. Ogburn had such advantages as were 
to be found in the rural schools of Forsyth County 
sixty or seventy years ago. A better preparation 



for life were the habits of industry and honesty 
which were early instilled into hmi. He lived at 
home assisting his father in farming and tobacco 
manufacturing until he was twenty years of age. 

His military service began in 1862 as a mem- 
ber of Company D Fifty-seventh Regiment North 
Carolina troops. With that regiment he was a 
participant in all its movements and battles up to 
and including tlie great conflict at Chancellorsville. 
There on May 4, 1863, he was severely wounded, 
and two days after the battle his foot was ampu- 
tated. He spent five weeks in a hospital at Rich- 
mond, was then sent home, but as soon as he was 
able to do so he reported for duty. Being inca- 
pacitated for field service he was assigned to the 
quartermaster's department, and in that capacity 
gave all the service he could to the Confederacy 
until the close of the war. After the war he 
supplemented his somewhat meager education by 
attending a private school in Grayson County, 
Virginia, taught by Robert Masten of Winston. 
After this schooling he returned to North Carolina 
and entered the employ of his brother, Sihon A. 
Ogburn and Mr. Tice. He was clerk in their busi- 
ness eight months, and then went on the road as 
a traveling salesman. Subsequently he became 
tobacco buyer and salesman for N. D. Sullivan, 
and remained in his employ seven years. Mr. 
Ogburn then formed a partnership with W. P. Hill 
under the firm name of Ogburn & Hill. This was 
the beginning of a very large and influential 
enterprise. S. A. Ogburn subsequently became a 
member of the firm for two years and Robert 
Ogburn was also a partner. Charles D. Ogburn 
later purchased an interest and Mr. Hill retired. 
Through different changes the firm went on as 
Ogburn, Hill & Company until the plant was 
burned and the affairs of the corporation were 
the wound up. Since then Mr. Charles J. 
Ogburn has lived retired. 

He married Annie L. Lindsay. Mrs. Ogburn 
was born at High Point, North Carolina, daughter 
of Dr. Robert Lindsay, and she died at Winston- 
Salem July 9, 1916. Mr. and Mrs. Ogburn reared 
two children. The only son, Lindsay, died when 
fourteen years of age. The daughter, Anna, now 
presides over the household of her father. Mr. 
Ogburn is a member of the Centenary Methodist 
Church, of which his wife was also a faithful 
member. He belongs to Norfleet Camp of the 
United Confederate Veterans. 

James M. Butler. As cotton manufacturer, 
merchant, extensive farmer, banker and capitalist, 
James M. Butler is one of the leading men of 
Robeson County, and in association with Alexander 
R. McEachern, has organized and been identified 
with business enterprises in the past decade that 
have brought unexampled prosperity to St. Pauls 
and other sections of the county. 

.lames M. Butler was born in Gray's Creek Town- 
ship, Cumberland County, North Carolina, in 1868. 
Like many of the representative men of the county, 
Mr. Butler is of Scotch ancestry, the Butlers hav- 
ing come to North Carolina from Scotland at 
the time of one of the earliest Scotch colonization 
movements, possibly in the days of his great- 
grandfather, and they established themselves in 
Cumberland County. The paternal grandfather 
bore the name of Daniel Butler, and his plantation 
was located in the southern part of Cumberland 
County. The parents of James M. Butler were 



62 



HISTOKY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



William and Sarah (ilelvin) Butler, both of whom 
are now deceased. William Butler sjjent his entire 
life in Southern Cumberland County and 
served four years in the Coitfederacy. The" mother 
of James M. Butler was of English ancestry. 
The early Melvins located at Wilmington and 
from there moved into Bladen County and became 
identified with its history. 

James M. Butler grew to manhood on the home 
plantation, attending school as opiiortunity of- 
fered, and has always retained an interest in 
agriculture, although "his other interests have be- 
come unusually extensive. He came to Eobeson 
County in 1889 and started, in a small way, in a 
farming, mercantile and manufacturing business 
in the community that is known as Tolarsville, in 
the extreme northern part of Howellsville Town- 
ship and adjoining St. Pauls Township. Through 
industry and close attention to business and Ijy 
the adoption of honorable methods in dealing 
with his customers Mr. Butler gradually built 
up a good mercantile business and was ' ranked 
as one of the leading and most trustworthy 
country merchants in this section of the state. 
He remained in active business in that community 
until 1912. Having become tinancially interested 
in the development of St. Pauls, he came to .this 
place and has resided here ever since. He still 
retains, however, his extensive farm interests in 
the Tolarville community, owning several iina 
jiroperties and being a heaxn- cotton planter. 

After coming to St. Pauls Mr. Butler was asso- 
ciated in a successful mercantile business for 
some years with Alexander R. McEachern and 
others, but since their manufacturing enterprises 
have grown to such large proportions, the partners 
have been gradually retiring from the purely 
mercantile field. While they have numerous enter- 
prises under way, Mr. Butler and Mr. McEachern 
are best known, perhaps, in the cotton mill in- 
dustry, for it was through their enterprise and 
capital that mills of importance have been estab- 
lished here and also at Fayetteville, and Red 
Springs, which give employment to hundreds of 
workers and thereby give an impetus to other lines 
of business. Mr. Butler is president of the St. 
Pauls Cotton Mills Company, of which Mr. Mc- 
Eachern is secretary and treasurer, and Mr. Butler 
is also secretary-treasurer of the Cape Fear 
Cotton Mills at Fayetteville. At Fayetteville also 
there has been completed and put in operation 
the Advance Manufa<'turing Company, a modern 
plant especially designed for the manufacture of 
olive <lrab cloth for the Government. This mill 
is under Mr. Butler 's personal management, and 
is owned by Mr. E. H. Williamson, of Fayetteville, 
Mr. A. R. McEachern and himself. Mr. Butler is 
also secretary-treasurer of Red Springs Cotton 
Mill Company of Red Springs, North Carolina, 
which has now under construction a very fine and 
up to date hosiery yarn mUl. 

Mr. Butler is prominent also in the financial 
field and in politics. He is a vice president of the 
Bank of St. Pauls and is mayor of the young city, 
which within a very few years has been developed 
from a village into a busy, prosperous and beauti- 
ful town. For some time Mr. Butler was a member 
of the board of county road commissioners of 
Robeson County, and in that office, as in others, his 
business capacity and good .iudgment have been 
of the greatest value to his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Butler married Miss Annie Regan, who was 
born in Howellsville Township, Robeson County, 
a daughter of Mr. W. J. Regan and a grand- 



daughter of the latf Colonel Regan. Mr. and 
Mrs. Butler have seven children, namelv: Mrs. 
James T. King, Berta, W. Joseph, Julian, Ed- 
ward K., Annie Grace and James M., Jr. Mr. 
Butler and family belong to the Baptist Church. 

James Ales.\xder Gray. First vice president 
of one of the largest banks in North Carolina, 
the Wachovia Bank & Trust Company of Winston- 
Salem, James A. Gray represents' one of the 
earliest families established at Winston. He saw 
active service as a boy soldier in the war between 
the states and has been prominent in banking and 
business affairs in Forsyth County for upwards of 
a half a century. 

Mr. Gray has just arrived at that point in life 
where he can claim the Psalmist 's allotted span of 
years, three score and ten. He was born January 
2, 1846. His birthplace was a farm, located 
about ten miles southwest of Greensboro, but just 
across the line in Randolph County, North Caro- 
lina. His grandfather, Samuel Gray, was a farmer 
and so far as known spent his entire life in the 
limits of Randolph County. The father was 
Robert Gray, and was born in Randolph County 
December 17, 1814. Thus the Grav family ha"s 
been located in Western North Carolina for con- 
siderably more than a century. Robert Gray, 
though a farmer, also engaged in merchandising in 
Randolph County. Soon after Forsyth County was 
formed, the Village of Winston was platted and 
Robert Gray attended the first auction of lots. 
He had the distinction of buying the first lot 
offered. Its situation was the southwest corner 
of Third and Main streets, and the ground is now 
occupied by the Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, 
of which his son is vice president. On that piece 
of ground Robert Gray erected a small frame 
building. He introduced one of the first stocks of 
merchandise in the new town. Having become 
well situated and with prospects for continuing 
success, he brought his family to Winston in 18-52. 
His business went on successfully commencing in a 
frame building and ending in a three-story brick 
building, when he was compelled to suspend opera- 
tions for a time during the progress of the war. 
Later he resumed business. His death occurred 
January 17, 1881. 

Robert Gray married Mary Millis Wiley. She 
was born in Guilford County. North Carolina, a 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Millis) Wiley. 
Samuel Wiley's mother was a Shannon, whose 
father (a great-great-grandfather of James A. 
Gray) was one of four brothers coming to America 
in Colonial times. One of these brothers located in 
Pennsylvania, another in South Carolina, another 
in Ohio and the fourth, the ancestor of the line 
now under consideration in North Carolina. Wil- 
liam Shannon, a descendant of one of the brothers, 
was governor of Ohio and United States senator. 
Samuel Wiley was a farmer in Guilford County 
and spent his last days there. Robert Gray and 
wife reared nine children: Samuel Wiley, Martha, 
James A., Robert T.. Mav Belle, Eobah F., Eugene 
E., Emory S. and Will'T. The oldest of these, 
Samuel W., left his studies at the State University 
to enlist on July 5, 1862, in Company D of the 
Fifty-seventh Regiment, North Carolina Troops. 
He was appointed first sergeant and for gallant 
and meritorious service was promoted to captain 
in December, 1862. He was with his command 
in all its campaigns and battles up to and includ- 
ing the three days " struggle at Gettysburg. On 




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THE ?:LV'' vork 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



63 



the second day of that great battle he was killed, 
July 2, 1863. 

James A. Gray was six years of age when the 
family moved to Winston, and some of his earliest 
recollections are of that city, then a wilderness 
hamlet. He attended the free school and Winston 
High School, and also the Boys ' School at Salem, 
and also had the advantages of a course in Trinity 
College. As a boy he assisted his father in the 
store, but when he was still young he volunteered 
his services toward the close of the war, and 
enlisted in Company C of the Thirty-sixth Regi- 
ment, North Carolina Troops. He was in the 
army eight months. At Fort Fisher he was cap- 
tured, and spent two months as a prisoner of war 
at Elmira, New York. 

With the close of the war he lent his individual 
energies to the upbuilding and progress of Winston 
as a commercial center and became one of the 
organizers of the Wachovia National Bank. He 
was assistant cashier of that institution, subse- 
c|uently casliier and finally president. Wlieu the 
Wachovia National Bank and the Wachovia Loan 
& Trust Company were consolidated, taking the 
new name Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, 
Mr. Gray became its first vice president and has 
filled that post to the present time. The Wachovia 
Bank & Trust Company has a capital of $1,250,000 
and its deposits and general resources are pro- 
portionate to its large capitalization. 

Mr. Gray married Miss Aurelia Bowman of 
High Point, North Carolina. She was born at 
Oak Ridge in Guilford County, North Carolina. 
Her father, Wyatt Bowman, was the first president 
of the Wachovia National Bank of Winston. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gray were the parents of four children: 
Bowman, Mary, Bessie and James A., Jr. Bow- 
man is now a vice president of the R. J. Reynolds 
Tobacco Company, and by his marriage to Nathalie 
Lyon has two children named Bowman and Gordon. 
Mary is the wife of Alexander H. Galloway, and 
their two children are James Bowman and Alex- 
ander H. Bessie married Charles E. Plumly and 
has three children Elizabeth, Lindsay and Aurelia. 
James A., Jr., married Pauline L. Bahnson. 

Mrs. Gray died in August, 1914. She and Mr. 
Gray were active members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, South. He is trustee of the Chil- 
dren 's Home, the Methodist Orphanage, aud was 
one of the contributors to that splendid institu- 
tion. He is also a trustee of Trinity College, and 
he together with Gen. J. S. Carr of Durham, and 
Col. J. W. Alsjiaugh of Winston, contributed to the 
maintenance of the college for three years at Old 
Trinity in Randolph County before its removal to 
Durham. Mr. Gray throughout his citizenship in 
Winston-Salem has been one of the liberal con- 
tributors to all worthy objects claiming his atten- 
tion, and his career has been guided by high ideals 
and firm principles of right. He is chairman of 
the board of stewards of the Centenary Methodist 
Church and a member of the Twin City Club aud 
the Forsyth Country Club. 

Hon. James Alexander Gray, Jr., youngest son 
and child of James A. Gray elsewhere referred to, 
is for a man still in his twenties one of the most 
prominent citizens of North Carolina in respect to 
his various associations and interests. 

He was born in Winston-Salem, August 21, 1889, 
was educated in the public schools, graduated from 
high school, and in 1908 received the A. B. degree 
from the University of North Carolina. Thus he 



has had only ten years in which to achieve a posi- 
tion and name for himself. His first employment 
after leaving the University was in the Wachovia 
National Bank as manager of the savings depart- 
ment. In 1911 when Wachovia National and the 
Wachovia Loan aud Trust Company were consoli- 
dated as the Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, Mr. 
Gray was elected Assistant Treasurer, and in 
January, 1915, came to his present responsibility as 
Treasurer of that great institution, the largest 
banking house in the State. Mr. Gray for three 
years was Vice President of the North Carolina 
State Bankers' Association, and in 1918 was 
elected President. On April 18, 1918, Mr. Gray 
was married to Miss Pauline Lizette Bahnson, 
daughter of Mrs. Henry T. Bahnson. 

Mr. Gray was elected in the fall of 1916 to the 
North Carolina State Senate from the Twenty- 
sixth District, and during the following sessions 
was chairman of the finance committee of the 
Senate. During 1915-6 he served as chairman of 
the Forsythe County Board of Highway Commis- 
sioners. Since 191.3, by action of the Legislature, 
he has served as a Trustee of the University of 
North Carolina. 

Hon. Erastus Beverly Jone.s has been a mem- 
ber of the North Carolina bar for over thirty-five 
years. Much of his time has been spent in public 
service. He filled with distinction the office of 
circuit judge, and for several terms represented 
Forsyth and adjoining counties in the Legislature. 
For yeai-s his name has been closely associated with 
the public and professional life of Western North 
Carolina. 

He was born on a plantation near Bethania in 
Forsyth County. His paternal lineage goes back 
to Wales. The immigrant ancestor came to Amer- 
ica in colonial times and settled on what became 
known as Jones Ch-eek in the city of Baltimore. 
While living there he operated a grist mill but 
subsecpiently moved to Pittsylvania County, Vir- 
ginia. Judge Jones' grandfather was Gabriel 
Jones, who probably spent all his life in Virginia. 

Dr. Beverly Jones, father of Judge Jones, was 
born on a farm in Henry County, Virginia, and 
acquired his medical education in Jefferson Medi- 
cal College at Pliiladelphia. After completing his 
course there he removed to North Carolina, and 
for five or six years practiced at Germauton in 
Stokes County. For his permanent home he set- 
tled on a farm near Bethania, and looked after his 
plantation while attending to his large country 
practice. His was a notable life, and one of 
unceasing service to his fellow man. His prac- 
tice extended for many miles around his plan- 
tation, and he was obliged to keep several horses 
since he was almost constantly riding and driv- 
ing. During much of his practice he rode 
horseback, carrying his instruments aud medicines 
in saddle bags after the fashion of the old time 
practitioner. Though his life was a strenuous one, 
he lived to the age of ninety-two. Doctor Jones 
married Julia A. Conrad. She was born at 
Bethania, North Carolina, and died at the age of 
eighty-seven. Her parents were Abraham and 
Phillipiua (Lash) Conrad. Abraham Conrad was 
born in Berks County. Pennsylvania, and his father 
became a pioneer settler at Bethania, North Caro- 
lina. He was both a farmer and merchant. 
Abraham Conrad followed farming as his regular 
vocation, and had a number of slaves to cultivate 
his plantation. His death occurred at the age of 



64 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



eighty-four and his wife passed away at sixty-five. 
Phillijiina Lash was born at Bethania, North 
Carolina. Her father, Christian Lash, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, and after coming to North 
Carolina lived for a time at Bethabia and then 
removed to Bethania, wliere he followed mer- 
chandising and fanning. His son, Israel Lash, 
at one time represented this district in Congress. 

Doctor and Mrs. Jones were the parents of ten 
children: Abraham G., James B., Alexander C, 
Robert H., Erastus B., Ella M., Virginia E., Julia 
P., Catherine E. and Lucian G. Abraham G. was 
a soldier in the Confederate service and is now a 
practicing physician. James B. was also a Con- 
federate soldier and is now president of the 
Williams Woods College at Fulton, Missouri. Alex- 
ander C. left college to enter the Confederate 
army and died in service in his eighteenth year. 
Robert H. is a practising dentist at Winston- 
Salem. 

Erastus Beverly Jones had the good fortune to 
be reared in a home of high ideals, and the cir- 
cumstances of his parents were such that they 
could afford him the advantages of a liberal edu- 
cation. He was graduated from Wake Forest 
College in 1877, and then took up the study of 
law with Judge T. J. Wilson and afterwards 
studied under Dick & Dillard. He was licensed 
to practice by the Superior Court in 1880. His 
first work as a lawyer was done at Taylorsville in 
Alexander County. In 1884 Judge Jones was 
elected a member of the State Legislature. 'In 
1890 he came to Winston, and here formed a part- 
nership with R. B. Kerner under the name Jones & 
Keruer. His services have always been in much 
demand in the important litigation tried in the 
courts of this district and in the state at large. 

In 1892 he was elected a member of the State 
Senate to represent Forsyth, Davidson and Rowan 
counties. While in the Senate he was chairman 
of the judiciary committee. A prominent demo- 
crat. Judge Jones has been one of the leaders of 
his party in the western part of the state. In 
1896 he was a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention, and a member of the organization com- 
mittee. From the first he was a strong advocate 
of the Nebraska statesman William J. IJryan, and 
he took an active part in the strategy by which 
that orator was nominated in Cliicago in 1896. 
Realizing that his favorite's chances for the nomi- 
nation would be lessened should he be made chair- 
man of the convention. Mr. Jones gave his vote 
and influence to Senator White of California, as 
chairman. In 1898 Judge Jones was a candidate 
for solicitor of the Eleventh District. His de- 
feat was accomplished by only thirty-four votes. 
In 1902, without being a candidate, he was elected 
to the bench and gave seven and a half years of 
competent and dignified service in that capacity. 
He finally resigned from the bench in order to 
resume his legal practice. 

In 1912 Judge Jones was again elected a mem- 
ber of the Senate from the Twenty-sixth District. 
During the following session he was chairman of 
the railroad committee and was a member of the 
appropriation and finance committees. 

Judge Jones was first married in 1886, but his 
wife died in the following year. In 1889 he mar- 
ried Miss Susie Barber. They have one daughter, 
Hervey Louise. Mrs. Jones is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church and Mr. Jones is a member 
of the Disciples Church, and he is affiliated with 



Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. 

Mrs. Jones comes from a long line of prominent 
ancestors who played a distinctive part in the 
early history oi Kentucky. Her mother was 
Emeline (Hauser) Barber. Mrs. Jones was born 
at Falmouth, Kentucky, and that was also the 
birthplace of her mother. Her mother was born 
June 6, 1830. The Hauser family in North Caro- 
lina goes back to Martin Hauser, who was born 
in Alsace in 1696 and afterwards came to America 
with a colony of Moravians. He lived in Pennsyl- 
vania until 1752, when he came to North Carolina, 
locating at Bethabia, which was then in Surry, 
later in Stokes and now in Forsyth County. That 
was his home but a short time until he removed 
to the present site of Bethania. He died there 
in 1761. Martin Hauser married Margaretta, who 
was born November 4, 1702, and died January 12, 
1775. 

Their son George Hauser was born February 17, 
1730, and was past his majority when he came to 
North Carolina with his parents. He died at 
Bethania in 1801. His wife was Barbara Elrod. 

Their son Lieut. George Hauser was born at 
Bethania August 28, 1755. He was the great- 
grandfather of Mrs. Jones. Lieut. George Hauser 
made a notable record as a soldier during the 
Revolutionary war. In August, 1776, he enlisted 
in Captain Henry 's company and was commis- 
sioned lieutenant. This company was attached to 
Col. James Williams Regiment. With the com- 
mand he was first employed in pursuing the hos- 
tile Cherokee Indians, being away from home on 
that campaign about four months. In March, 
1777, he was married at Germanton to Magdalena 
Shore. He was already member of a company of 
minute men, and soon after his marriage was called 
out for service. The troops marched to the 
Blue Ridge to look for some troublesome Tories. 
Crossing the mountains, for a time they guarded 
the lead mines and escorted the wagons carrying 
that invaluable element in the making of muni- 
tions for the patriot armies to Salisbury. Arriving 
at Salisbury the lead was delivered to General 
Rutherford. After the battle of King's Mountain 
Lieutenant Hauser with others was sent to Salem, 
Virginia, to guard British prisoners. He subse- 
quently was employed in guarding a train trans- 
porting ammunition to Salem. When Cornwallis' 
soldiers were overrunning this section of North 
Carolina, Lieut. George Hauser was home at 
Bethania. He and others were compelled to drink 
to the health of King George. While his glass was 
poised in the air he spoke what was supposed to 
be the health of the King but in realty meant ' ' to 
hell with the king." He escaped condign pun- 
ishment for this merely because he was not under- 
stood, having uttered the words in a mixture of 
German and English that was somewhat unin- 
telligible to the redcoats. For his services as a 
soldier the state gave Lieutenant Hauser large 
tracts of land in Obion County, Tennessee. After 
the war he continued to be prominent in public 
affairs, and represented his district in the State 
Legislature seven times. His death occurred No- 
vember 3, 1818. His wife survived him and for 
a number of years drew a pension from the Fed- 
eral government. 

Samuel Thomas Hauser, grandfather of Mrs. 
.Tones, was born at Bethania in_1794. He was 
liberally educated. When a young man he started 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



65 



on horseback for the West for the purpose of in- 
vestigating tlie lands granted to his father in 
Tennessee. He also had some business matters re- 
quiring his attention in Kentucky. In tlie course 
of his journey he visited Palmoiith. While there 
he was induced to teach a term of school, and the 
locality attracted him so much that he was ad- 
mitted to the bar and opened an oiEce and began 
the practice of law. He continued one of the 
honored members of the Kentucky bar until his 
death in 1865. He also served as circuit judge. 
He was married at Falmouth, Kentucky, to Mary 
Ann Kennett. Slie was the daughter of William 
and Euphemia (Hall) Kennett, natives of Mary- 
land, and early settlers in Kentucky. The Ken- 
netts are of colonial ancestry and have taken part 
in the pioneer life of several states in the West. 
One of them was actively identified with the found- 
ing of the City of St. Louis. 

The motlier of Mrs. Jones was reared and edu- 
cated at ralmouth, Kentucky, and spent all her 
life there. She married Dr. James Henry Barber. 
Doctor Barber was born at New Eiclimond, Ohio, 
February 29, 1824. He was educated at Marietta 
College, graduated from the Ohio Medical College 
at Cincinnati, and soon afterward located at Fal- 
mouth, Kentucky, where he continued the active 
practice of medicine until his death in September, 
1912. Doctor Barber was a son of Nathaniel and 
Hannah (Ashburn) Barber. The Barber ancestors 
were early settlers in New York and New Jersey, 
and in the various generations were prominent in 
public life and some of them were soldiers in the 
Kevolution. 

Hon. Leroy Campbell Caldwell. Prominent 
among the distinguished citizens of Iredell 
County is found Hon. Leroy Campbell Caldwell, 
who for more than thirty years has been a mem- 
ber of the North Carolina bar, among whose mem- 
liers, by his learning, his industry, his ability and 
his character, he has attained a high place. In 
no less degree is he valued in his home community 
of Statesville as a public otScial who has done 
much to advance the interests of his city and as 
a liberal-minded and enterprising citizen. 

Mayor Leroy Campbell Caldwell of Statesville 
was iiorn in tlie eastern part of Mecklenburg 
County, North Carolina, in' 1858, his parents being 
Charles A. and Louise (Cochran) Caldwell. His 
grandfather was John Caldwell, and he is a de- 
scendant of those bearing the name who were the 
first in settling in Mecklenburg County with the 
other Scotch-Irish pioneers. Those bearing this 
name have ever since been prominent in the his- 
tory and development of North Carolina, particu- 
larly in Mecklenburg County and other Western 
sections of the state. Charles A. Caldwell was 
a machinist by trade, although the Caldwells of 
the earlier generations had been, as a rule, planters. 
He remained in Mecklenburg County with his 
family until 1862, when he removed to Concord, 
the county seat of Cabarrus County, and there 
passed the remaining years of his life. During 
the war between the South and the North, he 
worked at his trade for the Confederate govern- 
ment, assisting in that department of mechanics 
which plays such an important part in warfare, 
that of machinery making. He was an industrious 
and hard-working man who held the respect of 
his fellow-townsmen by his energy, integrity and 
good citizenship. Mrs. Caldwell's people, the 
Cochrans, were also among the eai'ly Scotch-Irish 
settlers of this part of the state. 
Vol. rv—s 



Leroy Campbell Caldwell prepared for college 
under the late B. F. Rogers, of Concord, a nation- 
ally known educator of his day, subsequently spent 
three years at Erskine College, South Carolina, 
aiul took his senior year of college work at Trinity 
College, Durham, North Carolina. He read law 
under the tutelage of Judge W. J. Montgomery, 
of Concord, and in the famous law school of 
Judges Dillard & Dock, at Greensboro, where he 
spent a year. He was licensed to practice in 
1879, but did not begin to enter seriously upon the 
duties of his calling until six years later, in 1885, 
when he established himself in law practice at 
Statesville, Iredell County, which has since been 
his home and field of operation. He was for sev- 
eral years a partner of the late Major Bingham. 
Mr. Caldwell 's legal attainments are solid. He 
is thoroughly grounded in elementary principles 
and possessed of a fine discrimination in the ap- 
plication of legal precedents. He is a fluent 
speaker and his style is notable for its purity and 
accurate use of words. In addition to faithfully 
caring for the duties of a large and representative 
law practice in the courts of North Carolina' and 
the federal tribunals, he has been for a number 
of years a prominent figure in public life. In 
1896 he was first elected mayor of Statesville, 
serving in that office for two years at that time, 
and in 1910 was again elected mayor, since which 
time he has served continuously in the ofiice, by 
virtue of reelections in 1912 and 1914. He is an 
able and efiicient city officer and during his ad- 
ministrations Statesville has grown healthfully in 
its commercial and industrial life, and many pub- 
lic improvements of importance have been com- 
pleted as a result of his executive energy and 
clean and business-like handling of affairs in the 
civic government. He has proven a most accept- 
able and efiicient ofiicial, and is very popular with 
tlie people of his adopted city. He has been suc- 
cessful in a material way, and at the present time, 
in addition to being identified with a number of 
business interests, he holds much city realty, and 
is likewise the owner of two farms, one in Iredell 
(Jounty, about two miles east of Statesville, and 
one in Fairfield County, South Carolina. 

Mayor Caldwell has been twice married. His 
first wife, who is now deceased, was Miss Maggie 
Youngue before her marriage, a native of South 
Carolina of Huguenot descent. Six children were 
born to this union: Kittie Youngue wife of Jno 
P. Planigan, deceased, Louise Campbell, wife of 
E. P. Clampitt, Dallas Brice deceased, Julian 
Campbell deceased, an infant daugliter deceased, 
and Joe Youngue. The latter is a lawyer prac- 
ticing in association with his father, and a young 
man of excellent education and far greater than 
ordinary talents. He is a graduate of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, Bachelor of Arts and a 
graduate in law of Columbia Law School, New 
York. 

The first wife of Judge Caldwell died in 190.3, 
and he was subsequently united in marriage with 
Miss Edna Love, of Taylorsville, North Carolina. 
They have one daughter, Ellen, and two boys, both 
of whom are dead. 

Charles M. Townsend, M. D. A physician an.l 
surgeon of high attainments and large experience. 
Doctor Townsend has done little practice in recent 
years, and has surrendered himself to that calling 
"and vocation which has been strongest in the blood 
of the Townsend family, agriculture. He has 
some of the finest land and is one of the leading 



66 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



crop growers, especially cottou, at Eajmliam iu 
Eobesou County. 

It was ill this part of Eobesou Couuty that 
Doctor Towusend was born in 18(56. The Town of 
Eayuham is ou the Couway branch of the Atlantic 
Coast Line Kailway iu Thompson Township of 
Eobesou County. The name was given it by 
Doctor Townseud from the fact that Eayuham, 
England, was the home of the Towusend family 
ancestor, Sir Charles Towusend. 

The Towusends have been distiuguished iu many 
states of America from the early Colonial period. 
There is a well founded tradition that the first 
of the name came over in the Mayflower. The 
southern branch of the family has lived iu Eobe- 
sou County, North Carolina, since about the time 
of the Eevolutiou; Doctor Townseud 's grand- 
father, Alexander Townseud, owned a large 
amount of land in Eobeson County. His honie 
was on Bear Swamp, where General F. A. Bond's 
"Hunter's Lodge" is now located. David Town- 
send, father of Doctor Towusend, was born ou 
Bear Swamp and on reaching mauhood he and two 
of hig brothers settled on what was then known 
as Aar-on's Swamp, the present location of Eayu- 
ham. The Towusends are a race of land owners 
and agriculturists, and for several generations 
have been among the leaders in planting and 
farming enterprises iu this part of North Caro- 
lina, ranking also as wealthy and substantial 
citizens. Taking the family as a whole in Eobe- 
son County they own estates comprising several 
thousand acres of land in Back Swamp, Eaft 
Swamp, Pembroke and Thompson townships. 
Doctor Towusend 's mother was a Thompson, and 
member of the family for whom Thompson Town- 
ship iu Eobeson County was named. 

Charles M. Townseud was well educated and 
had all the opportunities and advantages derived 
from good social position and material prosperity. 
He atteuded the local schools and took his literary 
work in the University of Virginia, where he also 
began the study of medicine. In 1893 he grad- 
uated from the medical department of Tulane 
University at New Orleans. The next two or three 
years he spent in building up a promising ]>rivate 
practice in his old home community and then 
interrupted it to go abroad and pursue post- 
graduate courses in Queen Charlotte Hospital at 

London. 

Since giving up medical jiractiee Doctor Town- 
seud has gained the reputation of being and well 
deserves to be called one of the best farmers in 
North Carolina. He is vice president for this 
state of the National Farmers Congress. For 
many years he has been identified with farmers 
organizations in the state, and has put himself 
iu the lead in all movements for the advancement 
of agriculture, for the improvement of country 
life, for the securing of better markets and market- 
ing'conditions and a more equitable distril)ution of 
advantages to all who make their living from tlie 
soil. Doctor Towusend is a close student of agri- 
cultural science, is perhaps as well read in agri- 
cultural literature as any man in his part of the 
state, and never neglects an opportunity t-o get 
into closer touch with improved methods in the 
field or in stock husbandry, and is constantly seek- 
ing to improve his own business and get better 
methods introduced into the business of his 
neighbors in the way of putting farming on a 
businesslike basis. 

Doctor Towusend 's plantation at Eaynham 
comprises about fourteen hundred acres. He also 



has under his charge several hundred acres in 
tarms belonging to other members of the Towu- 
send family. Ou his own place he usually works 
from twenty to twenty-five plows, and is one of the 
leading cotton producers iu this section. Other 
financial interests connect him with various busi- 
ness institutions. He is a stockholder in the First 
National Bank of Lumberton, the Merchants and 
Farmers Bank of Eowland, and is a director of 
the National Cotton Mills at Lumberton. Doctor 
Towusend married Miss Meta Warncll. She is 
now deceased, and left no children. 

Joseph A. Bitting, now deceased, was for many 
years prominently identified with business affairs 
at Winston-Salem, and throughout the relations of 
a long life was entitled to the splendid respect 
and esteem pa'd him. 

He was a native of Stokes County, North Caro- 
lina, where his ancestors were among the first set- 
tlers. His father John Bitting was a farmer and 
spent his entire career in Stokes County. Joseph 
A. Bitting grew up on his father's farm, and after 
reaching manhood bought a plantation of his own 
in Yadkin Couuty. There he became a success- 
ful general farmer and tobacco raiser and while 
there set up a plant for the manufacture of 
tobacco. When the war was raging between the 
states he did his part for the Confederate cause 
and was detailed to look after the families of sol- 
diers and provide for their comfort. He devoted 
himself conscientiously and self-sacrificingly to 
this duty and those at the front felt more security 
and were better able to carry on their duties as 
soldiers because they knew their families had as 
friends and counselor and a help in time of need 
such a man as Mr. Bitting. 

After the war he removed his tobacco plant to 
Augrusta, Georgia, where he became actively 
engaged in the manufacture of tobacco. He 
finally transferred his operations to Winston- 
Salem and was one of the older men in the 
tobacco industry of that city. 

Mr. Bitting died at the age of eighty-one, known 
and respected all over Western North Carolina. 
He married Miss Louisa Wilson, who still lives at 
Winston-Salem and is mentioned iu succeeding 
paragraphs. Mr. Bitting was an active member 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

Mrs. Louisa Wilson Bitting, widow of the late 
Joseph A. Bitting, has long been prominent in 
social, religious and philanthro)iic affairs at Win- 
ston-Salem. 

She represents an old and honored family name 
in this section of the state. She was born at 
Bethania in Stokes County, a daughter of Dr. 
George Follet and Henrietta (Hauser) Wilson. 
Her father was a native of Massachusetts, a son 
of George T. Wilson, who went from Massachu- 
setts to the State of Miehiagn as a pioneer and 
spent his last years there. Doctor Wilson was 
reared and was given his academic advantages in 
Massachusetts and subsequently entered the Jef- 
ferson Medical College at Philadelphia, where he 
was graduated with his degree Doctor of Medicine. 
His choice of location was in North Carolina, and 
at Bethania he quickly acquired a splendid reputa- 
tion as a physician and enjoyed a large practice 
until the time of his death. He died at the age of 
fifty-one. Doctor Wilson married Henrietta 
Hauser. She was born at Bethania, daughter of 
Henry and Phillipena Christina (Lash) Hauser. 













o 

w 

O 




I. 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



67 



Her granjfather, George Hauser, Jr., was a Eevo- 
lutiouary soldier, was a son of George Hauser, Sr., 
and a grandson of Martin Hauser, a prominent 
cliaracter in Western North Carolina, who settled 
at Bethunia in 1753. Mrs. Bitting 's mother died 
at the age of sixty-five, after rearing seven uhil- 
dreu: Henry, Virgil, Louisa, Eeuben, George 
Mary and Julia. The son Keuben served as a 
major in the Twenty-third Regiment, North Caro- 
lina Troops during the war between the states. 
He was twice wounded, the last wound causing the 
amputation of one ol the lower limbs. Mrs. Bit- 
ting's mother was an active member of the 
Moravian Church, and her father, while not a 
member of any church, was a man of the most 
moral and uprigut character, and widely known 
and trusted as a friend as well as a physician. 

Mrs. Bitting was reared and educated at 
Bethania and became the wife of Joseph A. Bit- 
ting. Mr. and Mrs. Bitting reared nine children: 
Anna, Susie, Louisa, Henry, George, Lillie, Sadie, 
Alexander and Casper. Mrs. Bitting is an active 
member of the Christian Church. She takes much 
interest in church affairs, being connected with 
the^ Ladies' Aid and the Foreign Missionary 
Society. She is also a member of the Civic League 
and the Daughters of the Confederacy. 

W. Ledoux Siewers is a prominent manufac- 
turer and business man of Winston-Salem. While 
his achievements have lain in the commercial field, 
many members of his family gained eminence in 
the professions. His father was for many years a 
leading physician in Western North Carolina, 
though his enterprise also extended to railway 
building and industrial development. Many of 
tlie family have been oflScials and ministers of the 
Moravian Church. 

His great-grandfather was R«v. Henry Fred- 
erick Siewers, who was born in Lehre, Germany, 
July 11, 1757. In 1770 he was confirmed in 
the Lutheran Church, and in 1787 went to Herrn- 
hut, Germany, where he was received into active 
membership by the Moravian Church. As a mis- 
sionary for that denomination he was sent to the 
West Indies and labored among the natives on the 
Islands of St. Kips, St. Jan and St. Thomas. 
In 1822 he came to the United States, locating 
at Nazareth, Pennsylvania, where he died February 
4, 1845. He married Dorothea Margaretta Wrang. 
She was born April 25, 1774, on an island in 
the Duchy of Schleswig. She united with the 
Moravian Church. Her death occurred December 
6, 1855. They reared eight children. 

John Daniel Siewers, grandfather of W. Ledoux, 
was born on the Island of St. Thomas in the 
West Indies December 4, 1818. He was educated 
at Nazareth, Pennsylvania, and at the age of 
fourteen came to Salem, North Carolina. Here 
he served an apprenticeship and learned the cabi- 
net making trade. He took up the manufacture 
of furniture and developed a considerable industry, 
most of his employes being his slaves. He con- 
tinued that business at Salem until the outbreak of 
the war, and then suspended business and after- 
ward lived retired until his death August 4, 1890. 
He was married December 12, 1844, to Rebecca 
Paulina Shober. She died one year after the 
marriage, leaving one son, Nathaniel Shober. For 
his second wife he married Hannah Hanes, who 
died December 31, 1912, leaving a daughter 
Gertrude. 

Dr. Nathaniel Shober Siewers was born at 



Winston-Salem in November, 1845. During his 
youth he attended the Boys' School at Salem and 
also had the instruction ot private tutors. In 1863, 
at the age of eighteen, he enlisted as a musician in 
a baud organized at Salem and went to the front 
with the First North Carolina Battalion of Sharp 
Shooters. He was with this command until the 
close of the war. On being released he returned 
home and put into execution a plan and ambition 
he had formulated while in the army to become a 
physician. Entering the medical department of 
the University of Pennsylvania he pursued his 
course of studies until graduating. He also spent 
two years in universities in Europe. Doctor 
Siewers then took up practice at Salem, and by 
reason of his ability and attainments and his 
family connections he soon acquired a large prac- 
tice.^ He was one of the early physicians in this 
section to have the advantages of a thorough col- 
lege education in medicine, aud his life thencefor- 
ward represented a large and beneficent service to 
his fellow men. He practiced not only in Salem, 
but over a wide stretch of surrounding country. 
He did not give up iiraetiee until his death on 
January 12, 1901. However, other affairs inter-^ 
ested and commanded part of his time and atten- 
tion. Ho was one of the promoters and builders 
of the Roanoke & Soutliern Railroad, the second 
railroad to enter Winston-Salem. He was also 
among the organizers of the Wachovia Loan & 
Trust Company. He was a member of the Pro- 
visional Elders Conference of the Southern Prov- 
ince of the Moravian Cliurch aud was a trustee of 
Salem Academy. 

Doctor Siewers ' widow now occupies the fine old 
homestead which he built on Church Street in 
Winston-Salem. It is one of the most beautiful 
residences of the city, and is appropriately named 
Cedarlmrst. Doctor Siewers married Eleanor 
Elizabeth de Sehweinitz. She was born in Salem 
December 23, 1853, daughter of Bishop EmU 
Adolphus and Sophia Amelia (Hermann) de 
Sehweinitz. Her maternal grandparents were 
Bishop John Gottlieb and Anna Paulina Hermann. 
Doctor and Mrs. Siewers reared six children: 
Charles S., Agnes, wife of Henry A. Shaffner, 
Ralph de S., W. Ledoux, Ruth, who married W. 
C. Idol, and Grace, who remains at home with her 
mother. 

W. Ledoux Siewers was born at Winston-Salem, 
attended the Boys' School at Salem and took 
advanced studies in Columbian University, now 
the George Washington University, at Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia. While equipped with a 
liberal education and well fitted to enter any pro- 
fession he might have chosen, Mr. Siewers deter- 
mined to make business his career. Returning 
home, he entered the Arista cotton mills and as a 
workman in the operating department learned 
every detail of cotton manufacture. He continued 
his upward jjorgress until in 1905 he was made 
president and treasurer of the Maline Mills. He 
has done a great deal and is still doing much 
to build up and maintain the cotton manufac- 
turing industry of Western North Carolina. Mr. 
Siewers is president and treasurer of the Carolina 
Mills and of the Indera Mills. 

In 1905 he married Miss Lucy Vance, a native 
of Salem. Her parents were Joseph A. and 
Adelaide Fogle Vance. Mr. and Mrs. Siewers 
have three children : Dorothy Louise, Marjorie 
Vance and Rose Adelaide. The family are mem- 
bers of the Home Moravian Church, and Mr. 



68 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



Siewers has served as a member of the board of 
trustees. He is also a member of the Twin City 
Club. 

Hakdy Lucien Pennell. In a city like Wil- 
miugtoii, where wealth, leisure and climate all 
combine to make the automobile not only a luxuri- 
ous adjunct of daily life but a business necessity, 
it is not only desirable but necessary that automo- 
bile accommodations and supplies should be readily 
available. To this public demand Hardy Lucien 
Fenuell resjionded wlien he establishefl his modern 
garage and supply business, providing storage 
facilities and acting as agent for some of the 
leading cars manufactured. Mr. Fennell is one 
of the reliable citizens of Wilmington, one who 
has had business experience in other lines, and 
he has a wide and substantial acquaintance 
throughout this section. 

Hardy Lucien Fenuell was born at Clinton, in 
Sampson County, North Carolina, December 6, 
1864. His parents were Owen and Charlotte C. 
(Beaman) Fenuell, both of whom were born at 
Wilmington, North Carolina. The father was in 
business at Wilmington as a dealer in cotton and 
naval stores. 

In one of the first class private schools of Wil- 
mington, of which there are many, Hardy L. 
Fennell was prepared for college and later became 
a student in the University of North Carolina. 
His first business engagement was in the capacity 
of bookkeeper in a large commercial house at 
Wilmington and after one year he became a ship- 
jiing clerk, but subsequently left that concern to 
go into business for himself and for fifteen years 
he carried on a retail business in harness and 
buggies. Mr. Fennell then turned his attention 
to life insurance and continued in that field for 
ten years. In 19113 he established the H. L. 
Fennell Auto-Storage Garage, one of the largest 
and best arranged in the city. Mr. Fennell is the 
agent here for the Overland, the Franklin and 
the Peerless automobiles and Federal Trucks, 
probably the most satisfactory machines now on 
the market, and is enjoying a prosperous line of 
trade. 

Mr. Fennell was marrried to Miss Mamie B. 
James, who was born March 22, 1871, at Green- 
ville, North Carolina, and is a daughter of Dr. J. 
G. James. They have three children : Charlotte 
S., James G. and Mamie James. 

While not very active in jiolitics, Mr. Fennell 
is never unmindful of the demands of good citizen- 
ship and is ever alert concerning anything tliat, 
in his judgment, will add to the good name and 
prosperity of his city. For many years he has 
been a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

Henry Wesley Foltz. One of the oldest and 
most interesting families of Forsyth County is rep- 
resented by Henry Wesley Foltz, real estate and 
insurance man at Winston-Salem. The Foltz 
family came to this section of North Carolina in 
early colonial days and were pioneers in the estab- 
lishment of a Moravian community, and its de- 
scendants have as a rule remained faithful to the 
Moravian church. 

The orignial center of settlement of the family 
was Friedberg in Forsyth County, where Henry 
Wesley Foltz was born July 21, 1853. His great- 
grandfather was Peter Volz, as the name was 
spelled during the first generation. Peter Volz 
was born in Alsace, Germany, in 1726. He immi- 
grated to North Carolina in 1768, locating at 



Friedberg. He was a member of the Moravian. 
Church. The first Moravian Church was completed 
at Friedberg in 1769, and Peter Volz was one of 
the fourteen married men who pledged support to 
a resident minister. The church was consecrated 
in March, 1769. Peter Volz acquired a large tract 
of land at Friedberg, and was extensively engaged 
in farming there until his death. 

Jacoli Foltz, son of Peter and grandfather of 
Henry W., was born at the Friedberg community 
in North Carolina, was reared on the farm and 
eventually succeeded to the ownership of the old 
homestead, where he spent his youthful years. He 
married a Miss Zimmerman, and they reared a 
large family of cluldren. 

Edward Foltz, father of Henry W., was born 
in Forsyth County February 13, 1818. His early 
life was spent on a farm, and he subsequently 
bought land near the old homestead and operated 
it until his death at the age of sixty-six. Edward 
Foltz married Lucinda Sides. She was born in 
Forsyth County, the daughter of Jacob Sides, a 
native of the same county, and the granddaughter 
of John Michael Seiz, as the name was originally 
speUed. John M. Seiz was born in Wuertemberg, 
Germany, in 1737, and on coming to America first 
settled at Broad Bay in Maine, in 1759, but in 
1770 came to North Carolina, locating at Friedland 
in Fon^iyth County. He lived there until his death 
at a good old age in 1817. Jacob Sides spent his 
entire life at Friedland as a farmer. He married 
Mary Spach, a granddaughter of Adam Spach, who 
was born in Alsace, Germany, in 1720, came to 
North Carolina in 1756, and was one of the very 
first settlers at Friedberg. Mrs. Jacob Sides died 
at the age of seventy-five. 

Mrs. Edward Foltz died when forty-five years of 
age. She reared four children: Anna, Maria, 
Mary and Henry Wesley. 

Henry Wesley Foltz acquired his early education 
in the rural schools of Forsyth County. He 
was well trained in habits of industry and he has 
always felt that he owes a great deal to his early 
environment and the example and precepts of his 
parents. He learned farming as a boy, doing his 
part on the homestead, and before leaving home 
he had taught a term of school. 

At the age of twenty-two he came to Winston, 
entering the employ of Pfohl & Stockton, as a 
clerk in their general store. Here he proved him- 
self a competent and ambitious employe and in 
time was promoted and had charge of the fruit 
and produce department. He was connected with 
that old and substaintial firm for eight years. He 
resigned to take a position in a tobacco factory. 
He learned the details of the business in the office 
of the factory, and then went on the road as a 
salesman. In 1897 Mr. Foltz left the tobacco 
business to engage in insurance, a line which he 
has continued to the present time. He is asso- 
ciated with Mr. H. W. Spaugh under the firm name 
of Foltz & Spaugh. They deal extensively in city 
and suburban property as well as insurance. 

In 1878 Mr. Foltz married Miss Carrie Johnson, 
who was born in Forsyth County, daughter of Dr. 
John L. and Eliza (Gafford) Johnson, and a 
granddaughter of Charles Johnson, whose original 
home was in Philadelphia, from which city he 
moved to Virginia and then to North Carolina. 
Mrs. Foltz' father practiced his profession as a 
physician at Union Cross for a number of years. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Foltz were reared in tlie Mo- 
ravian Church and still hold to that faith. He is 
affiliated with Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



69 




The Rock House 



One of the most interesting relies of pre-Revolutionary days in the Piedmont 
section of North Carolina is the Rock House, built by Adam Spacli in 1774. 

Spach settled near the upper line of Davidson County in 1754, and soon made 
friends with the Moravians who were building the Village of Bethabara ten miles 
north of his farm. He invited them to preach at his home, which they soon began 
to do, and this led to the organization of Priedberg Congregation. 

During the Indian War of 1759 Spach and his family took refuge in the Beth- 
abara stockade, as did many other settlers from the surrounding country. When 
he decided later to erect a substantial house on his farm he planned it of a type 
which could be defended against quite an opposing force. It stands about one 
mile from Friedberg Church, and is built of uncut stone, laid up without mortar, 
except for inside plastering. It is 30 by 36 feet, and is of one story, with full 
basement and a small attic. It was built over a spring of water ; and an outside 
entrance to the basement made it possible to drive in the cattle for protection in 
case of need. The windows are of the Flemi.sh-Bond type and each room has its 
loopholes, through which the defenders could fire, and they still remain in the 
walls. The cut shows the rear of the house, with the loopholes, and the basement 
entrance. 

Adam Spach had five sons and four daughters; the sons all married and raised 
large families, so there are many descendants in North Carolina. About 1862 
some branches of the family began to spell the name Spaugh, while others re- 
tained the original form of Spach, but all trace back to Adam Spach of the Rock 
House. 



■70 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Free and Accepted Masons. Mr. Foltz has a 
niimber of interesting relics of the earlier genera- 
tions of his family. At his home is a swonl which 
was carried by an ancestor in one of the earlier 
wars of our nation. He also has a canteen" which 
saw service in the Civil war. Another article 
found in his collection recalls the old days of the 
feeble illumination furnished by grease and tal- 
low lamps. This is what is known as a grease 
lamp, and it was made by his grandfather. In con- 
sists of an iron receptacle or vessel, holding a 
small quantity of grease. He also has an old one- 
burner tin lamp in which either lard or sperm oU 
was burned. Another object of interest is a pair 
of the old fashioned candle snuffers. Along with 
the sword and canteen is another relic of earlier 
years in the shape of a flintlock revolver, still in 
good condition. 

John H. Grubbs is a native of Forsyth County 
and in his mature years has built up a large busi- 
ness as a building contractor at Winston-Salem. 

Mr. Grubbs was born on a farm in Middlefort 
Township of Forsyth County, and liis family have 
been residents of this section of the state for a 
century or more. The records of the United States 
census of 1790 mentioned the names of George, 
Conrad and Elizabeth Grubbs, as heads of families 
in Rowan County. It is possible that Mr. Grubbs' 
grandfather was a member of one of these house- 
holds. Grandfather Grubbs was named Ensley. 
He became a planter in Middlefort Township of 
Forsyth County, conducted a plantation there, but 
spent his last years in Salem Cliapel Township. 
He married Nancy Coffer. The only representa- 
tive of that name in the 1790 census was Joshua 
Coffer of Rockingham County. 

John Grubbs, father of ,Tohn H., was born in 
Middlefort Township in 1847, grew up on a farm, 
learned those lessons imparted by the local schools 
of the time, and in the course of years succeeded 
to the ownership of the old homestead. He made 
that the scene of his successful efforts as a farmer 
xmtil 1903, when he removed to Walkertown, where 
he lived retired until his death in 1916. John 
Grubbs married Flora Jones. She was horn in 
Kernersville Township of Forsyth County, a 
daughter of Martin and Billie Jones. She is now 
living at Walkertown. Mr. and Mrs. John Grubbs 
reared six children named William F., Thomas F., 
John H., Elizabeth, wife of William E. Jones, 
Josie, wife of D. L. Disher, and J. Walter. 

John H. Grubbs lived on the home farm until 
he was twenty years of age. The public schools 
were his source of education, and he also gained 
both health and a vigorous constitution by his 
experience as a farm boy. On leaving; the farm 
he learned the machinist's trade, at which he was 
employed for ten years. He then set up in busi- 
ness as a building contractor and is one of the 
most competent and reliable men in that business 
in Winston-Salem. In 1910 Mr. Grubbs built a 
large modern home three miles north of the city, 
and lives there with comforts and surroundings 
almost ideal. 

In 1900 he married Ida M. Cobler. Mrs. Grubbs 
was born in Surrey County, North Carolina, daugh- 
ter of A. A. and Ellen VMarshall) Cobler. Mr. 
and Mrs. Grubbs are members of the Middle 
Spring Methodist Episcopal Church. South, and he 
is one of its stewards. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with Fairview Council No. 19. Junior Order of 
Vnited American Mechanics and Twin City Camp 



Nn. 27, Woodmen of the World. In polities he is 
when national interests are considered a republi- 
can, but in local affairs he chooses the man for 
the ofHee according to the dictates of his best 
..judgment. 

Edtvakd Knox Powe is an old and experienced 
cotton mOl man, and for fully a quarter of a 
century has been identified with the great Erwin 
Cotton Mills Company at West Durham. He 
assisted iri building this extensive plant, was mill 
superintendent for a number of years, and in 1900 
became general manager of The Erwin Cotton 
Mills Company at West Durham. The president 
of this conipany is B. N. Duke, vice president 
George W. Watts, and secretary and treasurer W. 
A. Erwin. 

Mr. Powe came to this and other large business 
responsibilities from the ranks of labor and serv- 
ice. He was born at Salisbury, North Carolina, 
January 19, 186.^, a son of William E. and Katie 
Elvira (Tate) Powe. While his father was a 
farmer, he was almost constantly in public life, 
was a magistrate of note, chairman of the Board 
of County Commissioners of Burke County for 
many years, and identified with other places of 
trust and responsibility. Edward Knox Powe re- 
ceived his early education in private schools. 
When seventeen years old in 1880 he began work 
with Holt, Gaut & Holt at Altamahaw, North 
Carolina, in their stores, doing bookkeeping and 
other clerical work, and for twelve years was a 
valuable assistant in these mills. Then in January, 
1893, he became connected with The Erwin Cot- 
ton Mills Company in starting that plant at West 
Durham. 

Besides his work as general manager of this 
plant he is a director of the Alpine Cotton Mills 
Conipany, at Morganton, North Carolina, a direc- 
tor of the Fedelity Bank of Durham, a director 
of the Bank of Harnett. 

He is a member of the Board of Trustees of 
the West Durham schools, member of the County 
Board of Health, and for years has been relied 
upon for leadership and personal effectiveness in 
all movements to raise the standards of life among 
mill people and in securing the best of modern 
privileges in sanitary conditions around the fac- 
tories and homes. At West Durham in particular 
he has done much to give concrete reality to many 
ideals of the city beautiful, and has helped to 
transform many bare spaces around the factories 
and homes into grass plots adorned with flowers, 
and has furnished some of that atmosphere which 
is such an important and valuable element in pro- 
ducing confpiitment and happiness in individual 
lives. Mr. Powe owns considerable real estate and 
has some farminsr interests. He is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias and at various times has 
served as vestryman and junior and senior warden 
of Saint Philip's Episcopal Church at Durham. He 
is a member of the North Carolina Chapter of the 
Sons of the American Revolution and also of the 
Society of the Mayflower Descendants. 

October 14, 1886, he married Claudia Josephine 
Erwin, daughter of Col. Joseph J. and Elvira J. 
(Holt) Erwin. They have two children, Edward 
Knox, Jr., born October 28, 1888, and Oaudia 
Erwin, born October 23, 1898. The son is now in 
college at the University of Virginia. 

L.u>MX L. TiLLET. One of the younger mem- 
bers of the Durham Bar, Laddin L. Tilley in his 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



71 



eight years of ]iraetice has demonstrated natural 
ability for the law and his talents have brought 
him recognition and a very satisfactory clientage. 

He was horn in Durham County April 28, 1881, 
a son of Haywood and Louetta (Vaughan) TU- 
ley. His father was a farmer and also operated 
a corn mill. The son was educated in the Carey 
schools, and from 1905 to 1909 was a student 
both in the law and academic departments of 
Wake Forest College. On his admission to the 
bar he began general practice at Durham. Mr. 
Tilley is a member of the Missionary Baptist 
Church. 

December 22, 1912, he married Florence Powell 
of Wake County, North Carolina. They have two 
sons, Edward Bruce and Norwood Carlton. 

SnioN Everett Koonce, M. D. During the 
past fifteen years, Dr. Simon Everett Koonce has 
been engaged in the practice of medicine at Wil- 
mington, and by his devotion to the duties of his 
profession, his close study and his pronounced 
skill, has won a liberal and representative practice. 
His talents have gained him recognition especially 
as a sjiecialist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat, to which field of medical service he has 
devoted his activities since 1908. 

Doctor Koonce was born in Jones County, 
North Carolina, May 14, 1870, and is a son of 
Simon E. ajid Orpah (Brock) Koonce. His father, 
a well known merchant, was prominent in public 
affairs of .Jones County, serving as sheriff for eight 
years and as county recorder for two years, in 
addition to holding numerous minor offices. Simon 
E. Koonce was given private instruction in his 
youth, and after this preparation entered Trinity 
College a't Durham, North Carolina, from which 
he was graduated in 1890. For the following three 
years he was a teacher in private schools, and 
then entered the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, from which he graduated in 1896, with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. He commenced his 
professional duties at Polloksville, Jones County, 
where he remained until 1902, in which year, 
desiring a broader field, he came to Wilmington. 
In 1908 he began specializing in the diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose and throat, and in this branch 
has won an enviable reputation and a large and 
representative practice. Doctor Koonce is a mem- 
ber of the New Hanover County Medical Society, 
the North Carolina State Medical Society, the 
Southern Medical Association and the American 
Medical Association. He holds to the highest of 
ideals in his ju'ofessional service and his work is 
characterized by a conscientious devotion to duty 
and a display of knowledge that is remarkable. 
His work has brought him before the peojde of 
Wilmington in a way that will not soon be for- 
gotten. As a fraternalist he belongs to the Masons 
and the Royal Arcanum. Doctor Koonce has been 
found identified witli public-spirited movements, 
and his charities have been man}-. 

On May 10, 1899, Doctor Koonce was married 
at Polloksville, North Carolina, to Miss Lila Ward, 
of that city, and they are the parents of four 
children, namely: Lila Ward, Edwin E., Donald 
Brock and Carroll Hunter. 

Charles A. Vogler has been in the practice of 
law at Winston-Salem long' enough to prove his 
ability in the different branches of the profession 
and to justify his choice of that as a vocation. 
He represents one of the old and prominent fam- 
ilies of North Carolina. He is a branch of tliat 



"Vogler family that came into Western North Caro- 
lina before the Revolutionary war and took a 
prominent part in the Moravian settlements in 
Forsyth and adjoining counties. Various refer- 
ences to the Vogler name in the pioneer annals of 
Western North Carolina will be found on other 
pages. 

Charles A. Vogler was born at Salem January 
27, 1886, a son of Charles W. Vogler, a native of 
Salem, and a grandson of Elias and great-grand- 
son of John Vogler. Elias Vogler obtained a good 
education and became a surveyor. The plats of 
Salem which he made are still in use. He was 
also a merchant at Salem and lived there until his 
death. 

Charles W. Vogler grew up in Salem, attended 
the Boys' School, and became a merchant there in 
early life. He married Elizabeth D. Brown, who 
was born at Davidson in Mecklenberg County, 
North Carolina, a daughter of William A. and 
Sarah Brown. She is still living, with her home 
at Salem. There were two children: Charles A. 
and Herbert A. 

Charles A. Vogler after his early training in the 
public schools of Winston-Salem entered the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, where he was gradu- 
ated Bachelor of Arts iu 1909. Following that he 
became an instructor in the University for two 
years, and in 1912, having in the meantime carried 
on his law studies, was admitted to practice. In 
order to have the broadest possible qualifications 
for his career, he then entered the law department 
of Columbia University at New York City and 
was graduated in 1913. Since then he has been in 
active practice at Winston-Salem. 

On November 15, 1915, Mr' Vogler married 
Martha W. Drake. She was bom at GriflSn, 
Georgia, daughter of Roswell H. and Annie W. 
Drake. Mr. and Mrs. Vogler are members of the 
Home Moravian Church at Winston-Salem. He is 
active in the Winston Young Men's Christian 
Association, the Twin City Club, the Forsyth 
Country Club, and the Winston-Salem Board of 
Trade. 

As solicitor of the Municipal Court of Winston- 
Salem Mr. Vogler made an excellent record, and 
in the fall of 1916 was elected judge of the City 
Court, succeeding Judge Stephenson, who had 
resigned. 

WiLLUM Joseph Griswold has been a substan- 
tial and responsible business man of Durham for 
thirty years in the real estate and general insur- 
ance business, and his name has also been identi- 
fied with many movements that reflect the public 
spirit of the community. 
I He was born near Goldsboro, North Carolina, 
August 10, 1858, son of Benjamin J. and Ann 
(Hatch) Griswold. His early life was spent on 
his father 's farm and he was educated largely in 
private schools. His first business experience was 
acquired as clerk in a dry goods store, and in 
1887 he came to Durham and since that date has 
been in the insurance business. In 1905 he estab- 
lished the Griswold Insurance and Real Estate 
Company, of which he is president and general 
manager, and is also secretary and treasurer of 
the New Hope Realty Company, and formerly 
president and did much of the development work 
in the West End Land Company. 

Much of his time through all these years has 
been taken up with civic matters. He served two 
years as alderman and two years as mayor of 
Durham, and was one of the organizers of the 



72 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Chamber of Commerce, which he served as^ vice 
president aud director. He is president of the 
local Bankhead Highvpay Association, which has 
under its supervision a local portion of the trans- 
continental highway between Wasliington and 
Los Angeles. Mr. Griswold was also one of the 
organizers of the Country Club of Durham, is a 
former vestryman of St. Philip 's Episcopal Church, 
and is a Knight Templar Mason, an Elk and a 
Knight of Pythias. 

September 20, 1888, he married Miss Laura 
Bryan, of Kinston, North Carolina, daughter of 
Dr. James P. and Mary (Biddle) Bryan. Mr. 
and Mrs. Griswold have tliree children: William 
Shepard, who is a second lieutenant in the Na- 
tional Army; Mary Bryan and James Bryan. 

John Edwin Purcell is a resident of Eed 
Springs in Robeson County. His is a name spoken 
with honor and respect in that community, where 
he has lived a long and useful life of three quarters 
of a century. Mr. Purcell is a veteran of the great 
war between the states, and for upwards of half 
a century has devoted his energies and mind to 
agriculture on an estate that has been part of the 
family possessions through several generations. 

The old Purcell place where he was born in 
1842 is located ten miles northwest of Red Springs 
in wliat is now Hoke County. Hoke County was 
formed in recent years out of portions of Robesou 
and Cunilierland counties. 

This branch of the Purcell family is of ancient 
Norman origin. The remote ancestors identified 
themselves with England and Scotland for a num- 
ber of generations, until the early part of the 
eighteenth century, when they immigrated to 
America and located in Virginia. Of this Ameri- 
can branch some descendants went west and 
established homes in the Scioto Valley of Ohio. 

It was Mr. Purcell 's great-grandfather, Mal- 
colm Purcell, who founded the family in North 
Carolina. He made settlement here prior to the 
Revolutionary war. His location was on the east 
side of the Cape Fear River in Cumberland County. 
A man of strong patriotic sentiments and activi- 
ties, he incurred the active hostility of the Tories 
and during the war was killed by a band of men 
in sympathy with the British government. His 
son John Purcell was a native of Virginia and 
was a small child when brought to North Carolina. 
It was he who subsecjuently established his home 
on the land above referred to, ten miles north of 
Red Springs in what was then Robeson County. 
John Purcell married Beatrice Torrey. 

John E. Purcell is a son of Alexander and 
'Harriet (Molntyre) Purcell. His father was 
born on the old homestead, which has been in thef 
family now for three generations. 

On" this farm John E. turcell spent his early 
youth. In 1861, at the age of nineteen, he 
enlisted for service in the Confederate Army. He 
had been a student for a year and a half in the 
University of North Carolina and left the quiet 
halls of that institution to engage in a very 
interesting and adventurous career on the battle- 
fields of the South. He was a member of the 
First Battalion of North Carolina Heavy Artillery. 
Most of his service was in Eastern North Carolina. 
On account of special fitness he was assigned to 
many tasks involving bridge construction and en- 
gineering. Thus his service was often one of 
detached and detailed duty, and he rendered many 
important services to the Confederacy. Mr. Pur- 



cell was also engaged in the strenuous defense of 
Fort Fisher at Wilmington, and was one of the 
brave and valiant defenders that kept that post in 
spite of the terriiic and long continued fire of an 
immense Federal Heet. When Fort Fisher fell 
he was fortunate to escape capture. 

After the war he reentered the University of 
Chapel Hill in 1866 and continued his work there 
until graduating in 1868. Though liberally edu- 
cated, Mr. Purcell chose agriculture rather than 
a profession and soon settled on the old home- 
stead to take up farming. His career as a farmer 
covers fifty years and has brought him the sub- 
stantial competence which he now enjoys. He 
still owns a part of the original plantation where 
he was born and has developed it as a splendid 
farm. 

Chiefly to accommodate his children with better 
educational advantages he moved his residence to 
Red Springs in 1898. Mr. Purcell was honored by 
his fellow citizens by election in 1887 to the State 
Senate as representative of Robeson and Colum- 
bus counties. 

Mr. Purcell married Miss Margaret Cornelia 
MacCallum. They have a fine family of five 
children, four daughters and one son. The 
daughters are Mrs. Ina Purcell MacEachern, Mrs. 
Hattie Bethea, Miss Louise Purcell, Mrs. Margaret 
K. Smith. The son, Rev. John Edwin Purcell, Jr., 
has distinguished himself as a minister of the 
Presbyterian Church, though still young in years 
He was liberally educated, having attended the 
Quackeubush School at Laurinburg, and is a 
graduate of Davidson College and of the Union 
Theological Seminary of Richmond, Virginia. 

William C. Greene, M. D. Now living retired 
at Wilkesboro, Doctor Greene has had a long and 
notable career both as a physician and as a dentist. 
He practiced the profession upwards of sixty 
years. Among other distinctions he is a surviving 
veteran of the great war between the states and 
did his duty gallantly and well as an officer in the 
Confederate army. 

He was born on a plantation in Alexander Coun- 
ty, North Carolina, December 3, 1842. His grand- 
father was a Massachusetts Yankee, but came to 
North Carolina and bought a farm eight miles east 
of Rutherfordton, where he had his slaves and cul- 
tivated his land according to the southern fashion. 
He lived there until his death. John B. Greene, 
father of Doctor Greene, was born on a plantation 
in Rutherford County, North Carolina, grew up on 
a farm, subsequently returned to Alexander Coun- 
ty and was there a merchant in partnership with 
his brother, Cromwell. He also bought land and 
engaged in farming. He owned a number of 
slaves and with them operated three separate 
farms. When the war closed there were still 
twenty-two slaves on his plantations. He told 
them they were free, but they refused to leave 
him for several years, and some of them hung 
around the plantation and their beloved master 
for years. .Tohn B. Greene died when nearly eighty 
years old. His wife, who was named Jane Redman, 
was born in Iredell County, North Carolina, and 
died at the age of ninety-one. Her parents were 
Hosea and Lueretia (Williams) Redman. There 
were five children: Lueretia Adeline, William C, 
Martha Jane, Emma and Arthur Judson. 

Doctor Greene grew up on the old family plan- 
tation and had liberal advantages both at home 
and in the schools of the state. He attended dis- 
trict school and was a student at Wake Forest Col- 




^ & ■ ^UiC^^T^UL^ 



PUBLIC ...^- --I 



b 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



73 



lege when in 1861 the war broke out. He raised 
a company of his friends and neighbors and this 
was mustered in as Company K of the 7th Eegi- 
ment, North Carolina Troops. Given a commission 
as second lieutenant, he went with his command 
through its long and arduous service and was in 
the war almost to the end. Several times his 
clothing was pierced by bullets, but he escaped 
actual wounds and was never captured nor sur- 
rendered. At the time of the final surrender it 
chanced that he was home on a furlough. 

Doctor Greene also had some part in the restora- 
tion of law and order during the reconstruction 
period. Soon after the close of the war a gang 
of outlaws, most of them natives of the sur- 
rounding country, but under the leadership of an 
ex-federal soldier, undertook to terrorize the in- 
habitants of Alexander and the adjoining counties. 
The headquarters was a log house on an eminence 
in Wilkes County. It bore the appropriate name 
of Fort Hamby. One time the gang visited the 
Greene homestead. The family was pirepared and 
gave them a warm reception and the outlaws re- 
treated after one of their number had been 
wounded. Doctor Greene was thoroughly aroused 
and got together a number of the old soldiers in 
the neighborhood, went in pursuit and followed 
the gang to the very doors of their stronghold. 
This practically put an end to their depredations. 

Doctor Greene 's first ambition was to become a 
lawyer. He attended Judge Pearson 's Law School 
at Rockford, but soon afterward on account of his 
father 's disability returned to take charge of the 
farm. He then began the study of medicine under 
Doctor Hackett and subsequently attended medical 
lectures at Charleston, South Carolina. Doctor 
Greene began practice at Wilkesboro and attended 
a large clientage for fifteen years. He subsequent- 
ly studied dentistry in the Maryland Dental Col- 
lege at Baltimore, and after being qualified he 
gave his time to the practice of that profession in 
Wilkesboro and continued it many years until he 
finally retired. 

Doctor Greene was married July, 1865, to Laura 
Gray. She was born in Davie County, North 
Carolina, May 21, 1841. Her father, Joseph 
Gray, was also a native of North Carolina, and 
losing his father when quite young, he went with 
his mother and his brothers to Davie County. His 
mother spent her last years there. After his 
marriage in Davie County, Mrs. Greene's father 
moved to Yadkin County, but during the war sold 
his farm and bought the Governor Stokes farm in 
Wilkes County. On that plantation he spent the 
rest of his days, dying at the age of ninety-six. 
He married Mary Kelley, who was born near 
Rockford in Surry County, a daughter of William 
and Elizabeth (Coson) Kelley. Mrs. Greene's 
mother died when about fifty years of age. Her 
children were five daughters and one son: Wil- 
liam, Elizabeth, Juliet, Mary Lou, Laura and Jo- 
sephine. 

Doctor and Mrs. Greene had two children, both 
now deceased, Herbert and Ida. Herbert attended 
public schools at Wilkesboro, prepared for college 
under private tuition, and then took the literary 
course in the I'niversity of North Carolina. He 
studied law under Colonel Folk in Yadkin Valley 
Law School and on being admitted to the bar took 
up active practice at Wilkesboro and was one of 
the very successful lavpyers there. He also served 
a term in the State Legislature. Herbert Greene 
married Davie Willbern. At his death he left four 
children: Gray, Louise, Mary and Ida. 



Doctor Greene's daughter, Ida, was educated in 
the Greensboro College, was especially talented in 
niusic^ and became a teacher of that art. She mar- 
ried Robert Stafford, and at her death left one 
daughter, Ida. Doctor and Mrs. Greene are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church. 

Hon. John Fr.\nklin Griffith is one of the 
veteran business men of Winston-Salem. Taking 
his experience as clerk, partner and individual 
proprietor he has put in more than forty years 
as a merchant, and has sold goods to two genera- 
tions of people in that section of the state. His 
place in the community is also one of heightened 
esteem on account of his long and varied partici- 
pation in public affairs. He has almost con- 
tinuously been connected ofBcially and as a 
worker with some of the public organizations and 
institutions. 

The GriflSth family has long been identified with 
North Carolina and there is extant a puljlieation 
showing the genealogy of this branch of the Grif- 
fiths, tracing the North Carolina members of the 
family to Wales. For a number of years the 
family lived in Rowan County, North Carolina, and 
from there the grandfather removed to Davie 
County, buying a farm in Farmington Township, 
where he spent his last years. The father of the 
Winston-Salem merchant was Charles Frank Grif- 
fith, a native of Rowan County but reared in 
Davie County. After reaching manhood he 
bought a farm in Farmington Township of Davie 
County, and is still living there, being now at the 
venerable age of ninety-one years. He married 
Sarah Taylor, who was born in Davie County and 
died at the age of fifty-one. She was the mother 
of two sons: John Franklin and William Wallace. 

John Franklin GrifSth was born on a farm in 
Farmington Township of Forsyth County May 23, 
18.52. With the farm as his early environment he 
had the instruction afforded by the rural schools 
and he also attended the school at Winston taught 
by Col. A. B. Gorrell. 

On leaving school he found an opening in the 
commercial life of Winston as clerk with the old 
firm of Hodgin & Sullivan. He remained with 
that organization seven years. Having mastered 
the details of merchandising and having acquired 
a modest capital through his thrift, he then 
engaged in a partnership with Frank Moore, under 
the firm name Griffith & Moore. They conducted 
a general store in the building formerly occupied 
by the veteran merchant S. A. Ogburn, at the 
northwest corner of West Fourth and Trade streets. 
After four years there the firm closed out and 
Mr. Griffith then bought the stock and good will 
of the Alliance Store, also on Trade Street. In 
that location he has continued in business ever 
since and his store and his individual name stand 
as a guaranty of reliability and efficient service. 

Mr. Griffith served several years as president of 
the Piedmont Savings Bank until that institution 
was merged with the People 's Bank. He has been 
mayor of Winston, for twenty years has been a 
member of the County Board of Education and 
chairman of the hoard, was county treasurer six 
years, and is now chairman of the Board of Man- 
agers of the Reformatory. He and his wife have 
long been identified with the Centenary Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Mr. Griffith has been one of the 
stewards of the church for nearly thirty years and 
has been superintendent of its Sunday School 
equally as long. Fraternally he is affiliated with 
Salem Lodge No. 36, Independent Order of Odd 



74 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Fellows, of which he is past grand master, and 
with Salem Encampment No. 20. 

At the age of twenty-two he married- Mary 
Virginia Miller. Mrs. Griffith was born in David- 
son County, North Carolina, daughter of John and 
Eliza Miller. Mr. Griffith takes proper pride in 
his household of children, seven having grown up 
under liis roof and having benefited by the ample 
provision he has made for them. Their names are 
Oscar, Pearl, Sally, William Wallace, Myrtle, John 
Wesley and Mary. Oscar married Mabel Johnson, 
their three children being Robert, Frank and 
Geraldine. Pearl is the wife of J. M. Lentz and 
has a daughter, Gwendolen. Sally married John 
F. Ogburn, and has a son John F., Jr. The son, 
William Wallace, is also married and has a daugh- 
ter, Mary Virginia. Myrtle is the wife of W. Bay 
Johnson, their two children being W. Eay, Jr., 
and John Griffith. Mary is the wire of David S. 
Beid, Jr. 

Grover Clevel.\nd Lovill. Since colonial 
times the family of Lovill with their connections, 
the Franklins and the Taliaferros, have been iden- 
tified with Surry County and particularly with 
that section known as Stuarts Creek Township. 
Grover Cleveland Lovill, a successful young busi- 
ness man of Mount Airy, represents the present 
generations of these well known names. 

His Lovill ancestry goes back to County Kent, 
England, which was the native place of Edward 
Lovill. Edward and three brothers came to Amer- 
ica in colonial times. Two of them settled in 
New York, one in Virginia, while Edward was 
the pioneer of Surry County, North Carolina. He 
was here before the Revolution and when that 
war came on commanded a company of colonists 
in the struggle for independence. He married a 
Miss Carmichael. 

Their son, James LovUl, was born on a farm 
that bordered the Yadkin in Surry County and 
subsequently bought land on Grassy Creek in 
Shoals Township and was busy with its cultiva- 
tion and management until upwards of eighty 
years of age when he joined a son living near 
Centerview, Missouri, and there spent his last 
days. The maiden name of his wife was Sally 
Poindexter, who was of the early French Huguenot 
stock in this part of North Carolina. She spent 
her last days on a farm in Grassy Creek Town- 
ship. They reared four children named Thomas, 
Edward, William and James Alexander. 

James Alexander Lovill, grandfather of Grover 
C, was born on a farm in Surry County, liought 
land in Grassy Creek, Shoals Township, and culti- 
vated it with the aid of his slaves. When the 
war came on he entered the Confederate army 
as a member of Captain Gilmer's Company of 
the Twenty-first Regiment North Carolina Troops. 
He went to the front and got up from a sick 
bed, where he lay ill with the measles, to partici- 
pate in the battle of Manassas. After that fight 
he suffered a relapse, and a few days later died 
at the age of thirty-six. 

Francis Jones, maternal grandfather of Grover 
Lovill, served four years in the Confederate army, 
being in a Virginia regiment. After the war he 
settled in Stuarts Creek Township and died at the 
age of seventy-six. 

James Alexander Lovill married Betty Frank- 
lin, and with her the other two families mentioned 
above come into this record. She was born in 
Stuart's Creek Township of Surry County, a daugh- 
ter of Wiley and Mary (Taliaferro) Franklin. 



Mary Taliaferro was a daughter of Charles Talia- 
ferro who married a Burrough. Charles Taliaferro 's 
father, Dr. John Taliaferro, was probably a native 
of Albemarle County, Virginia, and as a surgeon 
he administered to the w-ounded at the battle of 
Guilford Coutt House in the Eevolution. A short 
time before the Eevolution he had come to Surry 
County and bought a farm in Stuart 's Creek Town- 
ship where he spent the rest of his days. Wiley 
Franklin was a son of Shadrach and Judith 
(Taliaferro) Franklin. Shadrach Franklin was a 
son of Bernard and Mary (Cleveland) Franklin, 
and a brother of Governor Jesse Franklin. Mary 
Cleveland was a sister of Col. Benjamin Cleveland 
who led a regiment at King's Mountain. Ber- 
nard Franklin 's father was John Franklin, a 
native of Virginia. Jesse Franklin served as 
captain in the Eevolution and it is said that at the 
battle of King's Mountain his colonel became ex- 
hausted and he h>d tlie regiment in its last charge. 
He was later governor of North Carolina and was 
also United States senator for sixteen years, dur- 
ing a part of which time he was president pro 
tem of the Senate. One of the Franklin family 
owned and occupied the land where Grover C. 
■ Lovill was born. Betty (Franklin) Lovill died 
about 1868. 

Walter Wiley Lovill, father of Grover C, was 
the only child of his parents to grow up. He 
was born at the foot of Pilot Mountain in Surry 
County September 19, IS-S;!. He made his home 
with his grandfather, Wiley Franklin, until the 
age of twenty and then spent four years in Ten- 
nessee. Eeturning to North Carolina he bought 
the interests of the other heirs in his grandfather's 
estate and has been successfully engaged in gen- 
eral farming there until the present time. At 
the age of twenty-four he married Martha Eliza- 
beth Jones, who was born in Carroll County, Vir- 
ginia, daugliter of Francis and Mary (Copeland) 
Jones. Walter W. Lovill and wife have reared 
eight children : Wiley Franklin, James Walter, 
William Shadrach, Joseph Poindexter, Grover 
Cleveland, Eoliert Jones, Mary Elizabeth and Sally 
Matilda. Of these Joseph P. is now deceased. 
Their mother is an active member of the Mis- 
sionary Baptist church. 

Grover Cleveland Lovill was born on the old 
Franklin farm in Stuart's Creek Township Decem- 
ber 2, 1884. He acquired his early education in 
rural schools and subsequently attended Woodlawn 
Academy in Virginia. At the age of sixteen he 
began his business career as clerk in a general 
store at Mount Airy. Then in 190.5, having at- 
tained his majority, he took up the brokerage 
business which was continued until 1910, when he 
enlarged the scope of his enterprise and became 
a wholesale grocery, feed and produce dealer. 
That business he has built up to large and suc- 
cessful proportions. 

Mr. Lovill also takes an active part in social 
and civic affairs at Mount Airy. He is a member 
of Granite City Lodge, No. 322, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons; Mount Airy Chapter, No. 68, 
Eoyal Arch Masons; Piedmont Commandery, No. 
6, Knight Templars, and Oasis Temple of the Mys- 
tic Shrine at Charlotte. As a voter he is a demo- 
crat and is now serving as a member of the Board 
of Town Commissioners and mayor pro tem. 

JoHX Joseph Bruner attained the highest rank 
in the profession of journalism and letters. The 
editors acknowledge their indebtedness to Beulah 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



75 



Stewart Moore for the following sketch of his 
career. 

John Joseph Bruner was born in Rowan County 
on the Yadkin River about seven miles from Salis- 
bury. He was the only son of Henry Bruner, a 
gunsmith by trade, and the third generation of 
the name — the first Henrieh having immigrated to 
America in 1731 with John Jacob Bruner, pre- 
sumably his father, as he was then a mere lad of 
less than sixteen years of age. Whether or not 
the trade of gimsmith was handed down from 
father to son is not positively known, but a few of 
the Bruner flint lock rifles are still in existence 
and are evidently the work of Henry, the father 
of the Henry named above. From wills dated 1769 
and 1803 respectively, it is known however, that 
they were landowners and men of substance. 

On September 29, 1814, Henry Bruner married 
Edith, youngest daughter of Col. West Harris of 
Montgomery County and his wife, Edith Ledbet- 
ter of Anson. Colonel Harris was a native of 
Virginia, coming to North Carolina with his fa- 
ther, West Harris, Sr., who was first a citizen of 
Granville County — "serving there as a vestry -man 
of St. .John 's Parish in 1746 and in 1756 he is 
one who long refused to qualify as a justice of 
the peace. ' ' Subsequently he settled with his 
family in that section now known as Montgomery. 
The history of. this family is of interest, as it 
covers a period of more than 200 years, going 
back to the first settlement of the country. The 
ancestor of the North Carolina branch was one 
Thomas Harris, the date of whose will, as record- 
ed in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, is October 
ye 9th, 1688, and that of his son Edward, dated 
March 2.5, 1734. Both father and son leave land 
granted them by patent to their posterity. West 
Harris, Sr., was the son of Edward and father of 
Col. West Harris, who "on the breaking out of 
hostilities with the mother country, enlisted in 
the North Carolina Line of the Continental Army 
— Ninth Regiment — as Lieutenant, and notvrith- 
standing his youth, by patriotism, zeal and intre- 
pidity, was advanced before the end of the war, to 
the rank of Colonel. After the peace he repre- 
sented his fellow citizens for a number of years in 
the General Assembly of the State. And such was 
the confidence of the people in his probity and in- 
telligence, that any ofBce in their gift was at his 
command. In the private walks of life he was 
equally esteemed : he was benevolent to the poor, 
and honorable in all his dealings with the world." 
(Western Carolinian, August 7, 1826.) He died 
July 19, 1826, aged sixty-nine years and was laid 
to rest in the private burial grounds on his estate 
near the mouth of Beaverdam Creek. 

Here for more than a century had rested the 
bodies of members of the Harris families, but ow- 
ing to the fact that when the big dam on the Yad- 
kin near Badin, then under construction — 1916 — 
was finished and the waters turned on, practically 
submerging ten thousand acres of land, this among 
others, would become the bed of a vast body of 
water. In consequence thereof, steps were at once 
taken by descendants to exhume the remains. 

During his life Mr. Bruner had seen personally 
to the care of this sacred spot and had made pro- 
visions for its upkeep after his demise, hence it was 
deemed but fitting that the ashes of his beloved 
dead should lie with his in the old English Ceme- 
tery, there to await the Resurrection Morn. 

The exhuming of these remains, of which seven 
in number were brought to Salisl)ury, goes back 



into the history of the family in North Carolina 
]iearly two hundred years, the eldest being West 
Harris, Sr., born August 13, 1715, died May 14, 
1795. 

To Henry Bruner and Edith, his wife, two chil- 
dred were Ijorn, Salina Williamson, first and only 
daughter, August 4, 1815, and .John .Joseph, March 
12, 1817. When the latter was a little over two 
years old, his father died and his mother with her 
two children i-eturned to her father's residence in 
Montgomery. 

In 1825 John .loseph came to Salisbury, under 
the care of the Hon. Charles Fisher, father of Col. 
Charles F. Fisher who fell at the Battle of Bull 
Run. His first year in Salisbury was spent in at- 
tending the school taught by Henry Allemand and 
was about all the schooling of a regular style he 
ever received, the remainder of his education being 
of a practical kind, gleaned at the case and press 
of a printing office. 

When nine years of age, he entered the printing 
office of the Western Carolina, then under the 
editorial control of the Hon. Philo White, late of 
Whitestown, New York. In 1830, the Carolinian 
passed into the hands of the Hon. Burton Craige, 
and then into the hands of Maj. John Beard, late 
of Florida, Mr. Bruner continuing in the ofiSce until 
1836. In 1839, M. C. Pendleton of Salisbury and 
Mr. Bruner purchased the Watchman, a whig 
and anti-nullification paper, established in July, 
1832, by Hamilton C. Jones, Esq., to support 
Gen. Andrew Jackson and combat the nullifica- 
tion movement of that time, started in South 
Carolina under the inspiration of .John C. Cal- 
houn and others of the distinguished states- 
men of the Commonwealth. Under the above 
firm name the paper was continued for three years, 
at the end of which time the junior partner with- 
drew for the purpose of collecting a considerable 
amount due the firm and paying off accummulated 
debts. This was accomplished in the course of 
eighteen months, during which time the paper was 
continued under the management of Mr. Pendle- 
ton as editor and proprietor. 

In 1843 Mr. Bruner was married to Miss Mary 
Ann Kincaid, a daughter of Thomas Kincaid, Esq. 
The mother of Mrs. Bruner was Clarissa Harlowe 
Brandon, daughter of Col. James Brandon of Revo- 
lutionary fame, close kinsman of Matthew Bran- 
don and the Lockes. Colonel Brandon was the 
son of William Brandon who settled in Thyatira 
as early as 1752, and whose wife was a Miss 
Cathey of that region. For nearly a century the 
name of Brandon was noted all through the Yad- 
kin and Catawba valleys. It has been conspic- 
uous in the fights of I?amsom's Mill, Charlotte, 
King's Mountain, Cowpens and Cowan's Ford. 
It is said that in some emergency during the Revo- 
lution Col. Francis Locke raised a strong com- 
pany of minute men, composed mainly of Bran- 
dons and Lockes. They came originally from Eng- 
land, settled in Pennsylvania, are found early in 
Virginia and are among the first immigrants to 
this section, one date going back to 1730. 

Having married, Mr. Bruner prepared for his 
life work by repurchasing the Watchman in part- 
nership with Samuel W. .Tames in 1844. After 
six successful years this partnership was dissolved 
and Mr. Bruner, becoming sole owner and editor, 
continued to publish it until the spring of 1865, 
when Stoneman 's raiders took possession while 
here on the 12th and 13th of April, and after 
jirintiug an army sheet, turned the office upside 



76 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



down, wrecked the principal press and destroyed 
all they could. Upon the arrival of the Federal 
army after the surrender, the commander took 
possession of it, detailed printers from the army 
to gather up type enough to print a daily news 
slip and held possession until about the 4th of July, 
■when they turned over the shattered establishment 
to the owner. 

Three years later, Lewis Hanes, Esq., of Lex- 
ington, purchased an interest in the paper and 
it was called the Watchman and Old North State. 
Ill health caused Mr. Bruner to retire from busi- 
ness for a couple of years, but his mission was to 
conduct a paper, so in 1871 he repurchased it, and 
thereafter it made its regular appearance weekly 
until his death. At this date the Watchman was 
the oldest newspaper and Mr. Bruner the oldest 
editor in North Carolina. He was one of the few 
remaining links binding the ante-bellum journalist 
with those of the present day. The history of 
Mr. Bruner 's editorial life is a history of the prog- 
ress of the state. He was contemporary with Ed- 
ward J. Hale, ex-Governor Holden, Wm. J. Yates 
and others of the older editors. When he began 
the publication of the Watchman, there was not a 
daily newspaper or a railroad in tlie state. In 1840 
the Watchman advertised the Great Western Stage 
Line which left Salisbury at 5 o'clock A. M. one 
day and arrived at Asheville at 8 P. M. on the 
following day. The advertisement under the cut 
of an old-fashioned stage coach read, "For speed 
could not be surpassed." At the time of his 
death no one living in Salisbury and few elsewhere 
in the state had such an extensive personal ac- 
quaintance and knowledge of men and events in 
the early years of the last century. He sat under 
the preaching of every pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church since its organization — Doctor Freeman, 
Mr. Rankin, Mr. Espy, Doctor Sparrow, Mr. 
Frontis (by whom he was married^ Mr. Baker, 
and Rev. Dr. Rumple, who was his pastor and 
friend for more than thirty years. He was a 
scholar in the Sunday school under its first super- 
intendent and was afterwards a teacher and super- 
intendent himself. The Hon. Philo White, his 
early guardian, was a high-toned gentleman of 
the Presbyterian faith and so impressed himself 
upon his youthful ward that he chose him as his 
model, emulated his example and held his memory 
in cherished veneration to the end of his life. At 
seventeen years of age, Mr. Bruner joined the 
Presbyterian Church of Salisbury, and in 1846 he 
was ordained a ruling elder and continued to serve 
in that capacity through the remainder of his 
life. Ever active and useful in its ecclesiastical 
courts his opinions were often sought and always 
received with deference and respect. The family 
altar was established in his household and he 
reared his children in the nurture and admonition 
of the Lord. His marriage was abundantly blessed 
by a faithful, diligent and affectionate wife, who 
bore him twelve children, seven of whom preceded 
him to rest. 

Mr. Bruner died after a lingering illness, March 
23, 1890. His end was peace. As he gently passed 
away — so gently that it was ditiicult to tell when 
life ended and immortality began — a brother elder 
by his bedside repeated the lines, 

' ' How blest the righteous when he dies ! 
When sinks a weary soul to rest; 
How mildly beam the closing eye. 

How gently leaves the expiring breath ! ' ' 



His memory must ever shine out as one of the 
purest, sweetest, best elements of the past. His 
character was singularly beautiful and upright, and 
his life an unwritten sermon. 

He was emphatically a self-made man. His 
learning he acquired by his own unaided efforts, 
his property he earned by the sweat of his brow 
and his reputation he achieved by prudence, wis- 
dom and faithfulness in all the duties of life. By 
his paper he helped thousands of men to honorable 
and lucrative office, but he never helped himself. 

After tlie war he adhered with unwavering fidel- 
ity to the democratic party which he believed was 
the only hope and refuge of the true friends of 
liberty anywhere in America; and he never fal- 
tered in his allegiance to those principles which 
he believed every true southern man should ad- 
here to. Up to the very last he was unflinching 
and unwavering in his love for the South and in 
his adherence to the best ideals and traditions of 
the land of his nativity. At no time during his 
life did he ever ' ' crook the pregnant hinges of the 
knee that thrift might follow fawning. ' ' In the 
very best sense of the word, he was a southern 
gentleman of the old school. The old South and 
the new was all one to him — the same old land, 
the same old people, the same old traditions — the 
land of Washington, of .Jefferson, of Calhoun and 
Jackson, of Pettigrew and Fisher, of Graham and 
Craige, of Stonewall Jackson, of Robert E. Lee 
and Jefferson Davis. 

He was honest and economical, always living 
within his means. He was not only honorable in 
financial matters, but the soul of candor and hon- 
esty in the expression of his opinions. He did not 
needlessly parade his convictions of men and 
things, but when he did express a judgment, it was 
an honest one. It is probable that he never con- 
sciously flattered a man in his life. A man of 
great moral courage, he did not fear to face and 
oppose able and distinguished men if he thought 
they weie wrong. Though never a neutral in poli- 
tics, morals or religion, but having strong party 
affinities, he would still upon occasion throw off the 
trammels of party and speak forth his independent 
convictions. He did not obtrude himself upon 
public notice and was willing to take the lowest 
seat unless there was a call for his appearance. 
He eared more to satisfy his own conscience and 
please God, than to have honor among men. 

The following from the pen of the late John S. 
Henderson is characteristic: "Now that he is 
gone, he will be appreciated at his true worth, as 
one of this world 's true noblemen. I knew Mr. 
Bruner all my life and I always admired and 
revered him. Sometimes I disagreed with him 
in opinion, but in doing so I always felt that pos- 
sibly I might be wrong, knowing as I did that 
while he was slow in coming to a conclusion, 
when once his opinion was formed, he adhered to 
it with an undeviating and inflexible fixedness of 
purpose. He was a just man in all his dealings 
and conscientious and truthful always. In politics, 
he was always true to his convictions and to his 
party principles — but he was anything but a time- 
server. He had a perfect horror of duplicity. As 
an instance of this, I remember once, when I was 
in the Legislature, a petition had been forwarded 
to the Governor requesting the appointment of a 
certain man to an important public position. Mr. 
Bruner was importuned to sign the petition, and 
did so reluctantly, but being convinced that he 
had made a mistake and that the man was un- 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



1 1 



■worthy, he would not be satisfied uutil he had 
cleared his skirts of all responsibility iu the mat- 
ter. He notified the friends of the candidate that 
he wished to withdraw his signature from the 
petition. The reply was that it was too late, the 
petition had been sent to the Governor. He then 
wrote to me to call ujjou the Governor and ask him 
to erase his name from the list of petitioners. I 
complied with the request, and I now remember 
that the Governor was very courteous and made the 
erasure instantly with his own hand. ' ' 

For more than half a century Mr. Bruner was 
at the head of the Watchman. A bold and fear- 
less advocate of the rights of the people, he wrote 
with great force and fidelity of expression, and 
always with conservatism and great good sense. 
The highmindeduess, the infiexible and universally 
recognized integrity of the man, added to his pru- 
dence and fine judgment, gave weight to his coun- 
sels and rendered him always an individual and 
an editor of influence. A person of pronounced 
views and great decision of character, he was yet 
the most amiable, genial and kindly of men, at 
all times characterized by a degree of liberality 
and conservatism that won him respect and friend- 
ship even from those who might differ with him in 
matters of church or state. With but one hope or 
purpose — to serve his people and state faithfully 
and honestly — he steered his journal from year to 
year, from decade to decade, from the morning of 
one century almost to the morning of another, 
until he made himself and his paper honored land- 
marks not only of his own town, but throughout 
North Carolina. The editor of the Manufacturers' 
Record has said : "No other North Carolina 
journalist of earlier days had the prescience to 
see and the ability to set forth what the future 
of that State might be made because of its im- 
mense and varied natural resources. Living in 
the center of a natural district surrounded by vast 
forests and by fertile lands, Mr. Bruner saw that 
the State had within itself every needed natural 
material for the creation and continuance of di- 
versified industries, and while a young editor he 
began to study these intelligently, and to give such 
publicity to them as his circulation permitted. 
Scrupulously honest, he never permitted any state- 
ment to lie made that he did not believe to be true, 
and so, in the course of years, the ' Carolina Watch- 
man' came to be widely recognized as a safe and 
accurate authority on all such subjects. > ' * * * 
"Among all the Southern newspaper men whose 
acquaintance it has been my good fortune to make, 
none has seemed to me so near perfection in all 
that constitutes a true journalist and a true man 
as John Joseph Bruner." He recorded truthfully 
and without envy or prejudice the birth and down- 
fall of political parties. He — inspired by a united 
effort to Americanize and weld together every sec- 
tion of this great union — grew eloquent in praise 
of wise and sagacious leaders, and he blotted with 
a tear the paper on which he wrote of sectional 
strife and discord. He chronicled with sober 
earnestness the birth of a new republic, and like 
other loyal sons of the South, raised his arm and 
pen in its defense. He watched with unfeigned 
interest its short and stormy career, and then wrote 
dispassionately of the furling of its blood stained 
banner. He was ever found fighting for what he 
believed to be the best interests of his people, and 
advocating such men and measures as seemed to 
him just and right. An old time whig before the 
war, he aspired not to political preferment or posi- 



tion, but only to an honored stand in the ranks 
of a loyal and beneficent citizenship. Joining in 
witli the rank and file of the white men of the 
conquered South he was content to lend all his 
talent and energy iu aiding them in the upbuilding 
of an imjjoverished section. 

The greater portion of his compositions were 
editorials upon political or practical themes of a 
public nature. They were plain, pointed and in- 
telligible. He did not pretend to the graces of 
rhetoric, though from constant reading his taste 
had been developed in the line of a transparent, 
simple style. He could distinguish bombast and 
fustian from pure English at a glance. 

But aside from his editorials, Mr. Bruner some- 
times in leisure moments indulged in writing grace- 
ful little poems and essays, which he did not pub- 
lish but put into his drawer, there to lie for years. 
These were evidently jotted down at a sitting and 
have not had the advantage of critical filing and 
resetting — and yet they indicate the possession of 
an imagination, which, had it been cultivated might 
have won him distinction in the world of letters. 

Blameless and exemplary in all the relations of 
life, a Christian gentleman, he met all the re- 
quirements of the highest citizenship, and what 
higher eulogy can any hope to merit? 
' ' The great work laid upon his three score years 
Is done, and well done. If we drop our tears 
We mourn no blighted hope or broken plan 
With him whose life stands rounded and approved 
In the full growth and stature of a man." 

Nathaniel Henry Moore is a prominent young 
business man of Washington, one of the executive 
otfieials in a large wholesale grocery Ijusiness that 
has been developed in this city, and in a public 
way is known to all citizens as postmaster. 

He was born at Norfolk, Virginia, May 10, 
1886, but has lived in Washington, North Carolina, 
since 189.5. He is a son of James Bruer and 
Apple (Grist) Moore. His father was a whole- 
sale merchant but now deceased. Nathaniel H. 
Moore grew up in Washington, attended private 
and high school, and acquired his early experience 
in a wholesale grocery establishment. He is vice 
president and secretary of the Caroliim Distribut- 
ing Company, one of the concerns that have served 
to make Washington an important wholesale dis- 
tributing point for this section of the state. Mr. 
Moore was aiijiointed postmaster of AVashington 
on March 3, 1915. 

He is an active member of St. Peter's Parish 
of the Episcopal Church, is a vestryman, and is 
one of the leading members of the Brotherhood 
of St. Andrew. 

John Hamlin Polger. A widely known and 
highly respected attorney of Mount Airy, Surry 
County, John Hamlin Polger is thoroughly versed 
in the intricacies of the law, and during his pros- 
perous professional career has conducted and won 
nmny cases of importance. He was born in Rock- 
ford', Surrv County, a son of Thomas Wilson Fol- 
ger, 'and grandson of Milton Young Folger, for 
many years a practicing physician of Surry Coun- 
ty. His paternal great-grandfather, Reuben Fol- 
ge'r, was a son of Latham Folger, the founder of 
the'Polger families of this state. He is of substan- 
tial English ancestry, and comes from the very 
oldest stock that peopled the Island of Nantucket, 
being a direct descendant of one of two brothers 
named Folger, who were among the original pro- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



prietors of that small but important island, im- 
migrating there from England in very early 
Colonial times. 

Eeuben Folger succeeded to the occupation of 
his ^^ew England ancestors, and during his active 
career owned and operated a plantation near the 
present site of Kernersville, Forsyth County. He 
married Lydia Wilson, a native of Eandolph Coun- 
ty, North Carolina, and to them six sons were 
born and reared, as follows: Cyrus, Alfred, Eufus 
W., Benjamin 1\, Jackson and Milton Young. 

Milton Young Folger was born on the home 
plantation, near Kernersville, in 1819. Entering 
the medical profession as a young man, he prac- 
ticed first at Brownsville, Davidson County, from 
there removing with his family to Eockford, Surry 
County, where he continued in active practice 
until his death, in 1890. Dr. M. Y. Folger was 
twice married. He married first Elizabeth Pegram, 
a native of Guilford County, and to them four 
children were born, Eomulus S., Eunice M., Adrian 
Bush and Fanny. The doctor married for his sec- 
ond wife Elizabeth Gray, who was born in Davie 
County, North Carolina, a daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (Kelley) Gray. Of their union seven 
children were born, namely: Joseph, MoUie, 
Thomas Wilson, Maude, Metta Alice, Ida and 
Benjamin F. 

Born February 28, 1854, in Eockford, Surry 
County, Thomas Wilson Folger received superior 
educational advantages as a youth, being gradu- 
ated from Trijiity College, and later being ad- 
mitted to the bar. Immediately opening a law 
office in Dobson, he built up an extensive and 
remunerative legal practice, and was there a resi- 
dent until his deatli, in 1913, at the early age of 
fifty-nine years. The maiden name of his wife 
was Ada Dillard Eobertson. 

John "Hamlin Folger acquired his elementary 
education in the public schools of Dobson, later 
continuing his studies at Guilford College. He 
subsequently entered the law department of the 
University of North Carolina, and was there grad- 
uated with the class of 1901. Locating in Dob- 
son, Mr. Folger achieved marked success in liis 
legal work, carrying it on in that place for four 
years. In 190.5 he came to Mount Airy, and in 
this vicinity has built up a large and highly satis- 
factory general practice, his legal skill and ability 
being widely recognized and appreciated. 

Mr. Folger married November 5, 1899, Miss 
Maude Douglas, wlio was born and brought up in 
Yadkin County, North Carolina, a daughter of 
Henry W. and Lulu (Wilson) Douglas, and into 
their pleasant home four chUdreu have been born, 
namely: Fred, Nell, Henry and Frances. Mr. 
and Mrs. Folger are active members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South, of which Mr. Folger 
has served as a member of its board of trustees, 
and as a steward. 

Mr. Folger is prominently identified with sev- 
eral of the leading fraternal organizations of Surry 
County, being a member of Granite Lodge, No. 
207, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons; 
of Mount Airy Chapter, Eoyal Arch Masons; of 
Mount Airy Council, No. 73 ; of the Junior Order 
of United American Mechanics, and of Mount 
Airy Tribe, Improved Order of Bed Men. 

Alexander Henderson Galloway, Jr. Every 
community realizes sooner or later the need not so 
much of capital or of material resources as of an 
effective body of citizenship, devoted to the civic 
welfare, willing to sacrifice their private interests 



for some good that comes to the community as a 
whole. Winston-Salem has several such men, and 
none with more dynamic energy and enthusiasm 
for all that concerns a larger and better city than 
Alexander H. Galloway. Mr. Galloway represents 
one of the oldest families in this part of North 
Carolina, being a son of Major Alexander H. and 
Sally (Scales) Galloway, of Eeidsville. The family 
history and the career of Major Galloway are 
sketched on other pages of this publication. 

Alexander Galloway, Jr., was born at the old 
home of his father at Valley Field in Bockingham 
County September 15, 1870. His father being a 
man of ample means he kept a private tutor for 
the benefit of his children, and besides the instruc- 
tion from this source Alexander H. attended the 
Eeidsville public schools, and also had a course in 
Eastman's Business College at Poughkeepsie, New 
York. 

He began his business experience as clerk in a 
bank at Greensboro for two years and from there 
came to Winston-Salem. For several years he was 
in the oflice of the E. J. Eeynolds Tobacco Com- 
pany at Winston, but resigned to become teller 
m the Wachovia Bank & Trust Company. He left 
the bank to take up the real estate business. Mr. 
Galloway has been one of the primary factors in 
giving Winston-Salem adequate hotel facilities. 
In 1906 he organized the Forsyth Hotel Company, 
became secretary and treasurer, and this organiza- 
tion built the fine Hotel Zinzendorf. In 1911 Mr. 
Galloway personally leased this hotel and has since 
conducted it under his personal supervision. In 
1912 he organized the Guilford Hotel Company, 
which took over the Guilford Hotel, and that 
place of public entertainment has also been under 
his management. 

In 1916 Mr. Galloway was elected president of 
the Winston-Salem Board of Trade, and under his 
leadership that organization is making a record 
year of performance for the development of the 
city along different lines. He is a member of the 
Twin City Club and the Forsyth County Country 
Club. 

In February, 1907, Mr. Galloway married Miss 
Mary Gray, member of a prominent family of 
Winston-SaJera, and daughter of James and 
Aurelia (Bowman) Gray. They are the parents 
of two sons, James Bowman and Alexander, Jr. 

WrLLL\M Arch Bradsher, M. D. The profes- 
sion of medicine is one to which many aspire, but 
in which only the chosen few meet with any com- 
parative degree of success. Of the physicians of 
Person County who have attained distinction and 
prosperity in their profession, one of the best 
known is Dr. William Arch Bradsher, who has been 
engaged in pjractiee at Eoxboro since 1904. He 
began his career as a public instructor, but after 
several years of teaching turned his attention to 
medicine, with the result that today he occupies 
a prominent and helpful place in his community. 

Doctor Bradsher is a native son of Person County, 
and was born September 15, 1877, his parents 
being D'Arcy William and Mildred (Satterfield) 
Bradsher. His father was well known in the lo- 
cality of Eoxboro and for many years occupied the 
position of clerk of the Superior Court of Person 
County. The public and high schools of the county 
scat furnished the basis for Doctor Bradsher 's edu- 
cation, following which he attended Wake Forest 
College. He had a creditable college career, and in 
1898 and 1899 acted as manager of the college 
paper, the Wake Forest College Student, which 



I'.'E 



f ASTOP, LENOX i 




t-\^\ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



79 



prospered aud flourished under his handling of its 
affairs. He was graduated in 1899 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, and secured the position of 
principal of the lioxboro High School, which he re- 
tained from 1899 until 1901, then resigning in 
order to devote himself to the study of his chosen 
profession. , He entered the medical department of 
the University of Maryland at that time, and 
graduated with the degree of Doctor of Medicine 
in 19U4. When he was licensed to practice, in the 
same year, he was one of three to be mentioned 
with honor before the examining board. Doctor 
Bradsher immediately entered upon the practice 
of his profession at Roxboro, aud his professional 
business has grown steadily since that time. He 
is accounted a skilled practitioner, an able advisor 
and a thorouglily competent surgeon ; aud his strict 
observance of professional ethics gives him an ex- 
cellent standing among his fellow-members of the 
fraternity. Doctor Bradsher belongs to the Person 
County Medical Society, the North Carolina State 
Medical Society, the Southern Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. He has had his 
full share of public service, and has discharged 
faithfully and efficiently the duties devolving upon 
him as a member of the county board of education, 
to which he formerly belonged; as county physician 
for ten years; and at present as a member of the 
local exemption board. 

Doctor Bradsher was married July 6, 1910, to Miss 
Anna Price Merritt, of Person County, North Car- 
olina, and to this union there have been born two 
children : Kilcen Merritt and Anne Torian. Doctor 
and Mrs. Bradsher are members of the Missionary 
Baptist Church. 

Henry Clay Carter., Jr., whose position as a 
lawyer is among the leaders of the profession, has 
been in active practice at Washington since his 
admission to the bar. 

He w)as born at Fairfield, North Carolina, 
October 8, 1883, a son of Henry Clay and Robeua 
(Spencer) Carter. His father was a farmer. Mr. 
Carter was educated in the Fairfield Academy, 
took his academic work at Trinity College at 
Durham, where he was graduated in 1904, and in 
1906 completed his law studies in the Vniversity 
•;f North Carolina. Mr. Carter was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1906, and soon afterward 
began general practice at Washington. Here 
the interests of a growing clientage have claimed 
his time and attention but he also served two years 
as county attorney and for the past eight years 
iias been city attorney of Washington. 

Mr. Carter is a member of the North Carolina 
Bar Association, belongs to the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and is quite active in 
di'mocratie party affairs, having served as presi- 
dential elector in 1916. 

November 4, 1908, he married Lucile Thorn 
^icholson, daughter of Dr. Samuel C. and Annie 
Elizabeth (Lucas) Nicholson, of Washington. 
They have three children: David Nicholson, Caro- 
line Virginia and William Baker. 

William J. Byerly. Endowed by nature with 
far more than average business capacity and judg- 
ment, William J. Byerly, of Mount Airy, the 
leading financier of Surry County, has been the 
chief moving spirit in the organization of banking 
institutions, not only in his own, but in various 
other counties. Officially connected with each of 
the banks that he has helped establish, whose ag- 
gregate deposits now amount to over $2,500,000, 



his wise counsel and far-seeing financial vision 
has ever been at their service, and his personal 
reputation invariably inspires the public with con- 
fidence in their stability and worth. A native of 
North Carolina, Mr. Byerly was born at Yadkin 
College, Davidson County, which was likewise the 
birthplace of both his father, John F. Byerly, and 
of his grandfather, Frank Byerly. 

Peter Byerly, the great-grandiather of William 
J., was born aud reared in Germany. Immigi'ating 
to America, he came directly to this state, settling 
as a pioneer in Davidson County. Securing title 
to a large tract of land bordering on the Yadkin 
Eiver, he improved the waterpower, and there 
erected one of the first flour mills established in 
this part of the country. Clearing a goodly por- 
tion of the land, he was there engaged in farming 
and milling during the remainder of his life. 

Inheriting a plantation, Frank Byerly, gi-and- 
father of William J. Byerly, carried on general 
farming with slave labor, and there spent the ma- 
jor part of his long life of eighty-nine years. He 
married a Miss Phillips, and they reared a family 
of five children, as follows: Wesley, Fanny, John 
F., Lindsay and Ephraim. 

John F. Byerly, father of W. J. Byerly, was 
educated at Yadkin College, and at the breaking 
out of the Civil war enlisted in the regiment com- 
manded by Col. .James A. Leach, and went to the 
front. He was twice wounded in battle, but, with 
the exception of three months spent in recuperating 
from his injuries, continued in service until the 
close of the conflict, being in Appomattox at the 
surrender. Returning home, he resumed liis agri- 
cultural labors. He continued as a farmer until 
his death, in 1912. He married Elizabeth Hartley, 
who was born at Yadkin College, a daughter of 
Thomas W. and Martha (Gobble) Hartley. She 
survived her husband, and is now living with a 
daughter in Advance, Davie County, this state. 
She has reared seven children, namely: William 
J., the special subject of this sketch ; Nora, wife 
of C. M. Sheets, of Wilkesboro ; Georgina, wife of 
C. J. Taylor, of Advance; Tullia, wife of William 
Poindextcr, of Winston Salem; Thomas J., a well 
known lianker of National City Bank of New York 
City; Guler, aud May. 

After leaving Y'adkin College, where he was edu- 
cated, William J. Byerly, in 1892, went to Lexing- 
ton, Davidson County, where he was em]iloyed as 
a bookkeeper in the Bank of Lexington for three 
years. Going from there in 1895 to Louisburg, 
iSTorth Carolina, and accepted the position of cash- 
ier. He organized the Farmers & Merchants Bank, 
and gained an experience that has since been of 
inestimable value to him. Locating at Mount Airy 
in 1905 Mr. Byerly made good use of the knowl- 
edge he had iireviously obtained by organizing 
the Bank of Mount Airy, of which he has since 
been the president, in that capacity managing its 
affairs with wisdom and discretion. He had, how- 
ever, before that year, organized two institutions 
of a similar nature, in 1901 having established at 
Mocksville the Bank of Davie and Bairk of French 
Broad at Marshall in which he is a director, and 
in 1902 having organized, at Taylorsville, the Bank 
of Alexander, which he has since served as vice 
president. 

Mr. Byerly is likewise president of the Bank of 
Yadkin, at Y'adkinville, which he organized in 
1905, and is a director in several other banking 
institutions, including the Bank of Stokes County, 
at Danbury, and the Bank of Wilkes, at Wilkes- 
boro, both of which he organized in 1907; and 



80 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



the Commercial and Farmers Bank at Rural Hall, 
and the Commercial and Savings Bank at Boone- 
v-ille, both of which he organized in 1908. Mr. 
Byerly is also a director of the North Carolina 
Granite Corporation, and as a stockholder is finan- 
cially interested in various other corporations. 
Faithful to the trusts and confidence reposed in 
him, he gives his personal attention to the various 
organizations with which he is connected, allowing 
nothing to escape his observation that would ad- 
vance their financial status and prosperity. 

Mr. Byerly married Miss May E. Leonard, of 
Lexington, in 1898, a daughter of W. C. B. and 
MoUie Leonard. Mrs. Byerly died in 1916. Mr. 
Byerly is a member of the Central Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, South, in which he is serving as 
steward. 

Jacob Cicero Tise. At an early hour on Octo- 
ber 1.3, 1917, the lifework of Mr. Jacob Cicero Tise 
of Winston-Salem came to its close. But, as one 
who has known him long wrote at the time, ' ' this 
is not the end. The good which he has done will 
live on. How much useful work he has done and 
what influences for good have found their source in 
his mind and heart will appear greater in the 
years to come when viewed in distant retrospec- 
tion. ' ' 

It is doubtful if any resident of North Carolina 
entered business at an earlier age then Jacob 
Cicero Tise. He was a bona fide merchant when 
only ten years of age. His father was backing 
him, and of course exercising more or less super- 
vision over his activities. However, he showed 
keen business instincts from the start and for a 
great many years occupied one of the leading 
mercantile establishments of Winston. He long 
ago retired from the role of merchant and after- 
wards concerned himself with extensive real estate 
interests, becoming proprietor of the famous Vade 
Mecum Spring and tourist resort north of Winston- 
Salem. 

His life and growth were almost contempor- 
aneous with that of his native and beloved city. 
Born at Winston October 24, 1855, he had been an 
important factor in its activities for more than 
half a century. Although the meridian seemed 
hardly passed he had left little undone to complete 
the life task of a real man. 

By birth and training he was weU endowed for 
a career of usefulness. His parents made for 
themselves and their children a typical American 
home of their day, from which most of our strong 
men have come — a home where industry, economy, 
integrity and religion were taught and practiced. 

His father, Jacob Tise, was born in Davidson 
County, North Carolina, December 1.3, 1817, came 
to Salem when a young man, and there served an 
apprenticeship at the blacksmith and carriage 
making trade. After becoming a master workman 
he bought property in the new Town of Winston. 
He put up his shop on the forks at the junction 
of Main and Liberty Street. That shop was the 
home of high class workmanship and many well 
built wagons and carriages were made there. His 
home was directly across Main Street from the 
shop, and the old house is still standing, though it 
has been removed from its original location. Jacob 
Tise, Sr., was a very successful business man and 
one o'f the pioneers of Winston. Out of the pro- 
ceeds of his business he bought property, including 
the block east of and across Main Street from the 
postolfice. At that time only two buildings stood 
on this block. Besides wagon and carriage build- 



ing he was a merchant, and he continued his use- 
ful and honorable career in the city until his death 
at the age of eighty-seven. Jacob Tise married 
Margaret Kiser. She was born November 19, 1825, 
daughter of Henry and Betty (Ripple) Kiser. 
Henry Kiser was a son of Tandy Kiser, wno 
operated an extensive plantation and had upwards 
of a 100 slaves in his service. His last years 
were spent on his farm near Rural Hall in Forsyth 
County. Henry Kiser also owned and occupied a 
large farm five miles from Germanton in Stokes 
County. He and his wife lived there until death 
overtook them when upwards of ninety years of 
age. Mrs. Jacob Tise died in March, 19i5, when 
eighty-nine years old. She was a greatly beloved 
woman and one of the oldest residents of Winston 
at the time of her death. She reared four chil- 
dren: Mary J., who married Sihon A. Ogburn, of 
Winston Salem, Martha Ann, who became the wife 
of John H. Masten, Charles H., now deceased, and 
Jacob Cicero. 

The school from which Jacob Cicero Tise 
received most of his early instruction was known 
as Liberty Academy. Its sessions were held in a 
log cabin. The seats were made of slab benches 
and as the furnishings throughout were most primi- 
tive, the instruction was also confined to the funda- 
mentals. 

His entrance into merchandising at the age of 
ten years has already been referred to. Probably 
wishing to encourage good business practices in 
his boy, his father set aside a small portion of a 
building on the northeast corner of Liberty and 
Third streets, and the stock presided over by 
young Tise consisted of ginger cakes and beer. 
The beer was made by his mother from molasses. 
The cakes ana beer were of excellent quality, and 
the boy had no diiBculty in disposing of the entire 
stock every day. It was a money making institu- 
tion and in a short time, when more room was 
required, a partition was removed and the busi- 
ness took its first step of progress. A stock of 
general merchandise was installed and afterwards 
the trade was extended to farm implements. The 
father shared in the profits with his boy, but the 
latter was in active charge, and at the age of 
twenty-two became an independent merchant. 
After that he sold goods in Winston on a very 
successful scale until 1892. In that year he retired 
from merchandising and gave all his attention to 
the handling of real estate. He bought, improved 
and sold both city and suburban lots, and was 
successful himself and did much to develop some 
hitherto neglected portions of Winston-Salem. 

In 1900 he organized a stock company and 
bought the Vade Mecum Springs property of 3,000 
acres, located in Stokes County. A few years later 
Mr. Tise became sole proprietor, and thereafter 
expended upwards of $100,000 in improving and 
beautifying this wonderful springs resort, which 
travelers far and wide have visited and which is 
one of the most celebrated places of its kind in 
North Carolina. 

On November 5, 1884, Mr. Tise married Miss 
Laura Ellen Miller at Riverside, North Carolina. 
Their lives blended into a union of perfect help- 
fulness, congeniality and happiness. A cultivated 
voice, rich in expression of sacred music, which 
she possessed, had its influence in leading him to 
her own church. He loved music and had appre- 
ciation for the beautiful in art and nature alike. 
Mrs. Tise was born in Ciemmons Township of 
Forsyth County, a daughter of John W. Miller, 
who was bom on the same farm, a granddaughter 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



81 



of John Miller, and a great-granddaughter of John 
Miller, a native of Germany. This last John Miller 
moved to England and spent the rest of his live 
there. He reared three children, John, Frederick 
and Elizabeth. They inherited considerable prop- 
erty from their father and all of them came to 
America and located in North Carolina. Mrs. 
Tise 's grandfather, John Miller, bought some 
large tracts of land bordering Yadkin Eiver in 
what was then Stokes County. Many slaves were 
employed to operate this laud. He also im- 
proved the power on the Yadkin Eiver, erecting 
a flour and saw mill whose wheels were kept turn- 
ing many years and gave a notable service in fur- 
nishing provision and lumber for a large district. 
The John Miller residence in Clemmons Township 
overlooked the Yadkin River, and that was his 
home until his death at an advanced age. Grand- 
father John Miller married Elizabeth McBride, 
also a native of England. They reared eight chil- 
dren : Nicholas, Jonathan, Elizabeth, Mary, Patty, 
Nancy, John and Thomas. John W. Miller, father 
of Mrs. Tise, grew up in Clemmons Township, 
attended the public schools, and succeeded to the 
ownership of the old homestead. He also had 
numerous slaves until the outbreak of the war. 
He operated his land for general farming and also 
conducted the mills established by his father. He 
remained in that community until his death. John 
W. Miller married Eliza Ward, who was born in 
Davie County, North Carolina, a daughter of Levin 
Ward. Levin Ward was a native of England, came 
to America when a young man, and settled in 
Davie County and acquired some large tracts of 
land, which were operated with slave labor. He 
continued a resident of Davie County until his 
death. Levin Ward's first wife, the grandmother 
of Mrs. Tise, was a Miss Brook, who died in early 
life, leaving just one daughter. Mrs. John W. 
Miller died when ninety-one years of age. She 
reared ten children: Elizabeth, Thomas, Minnie, 
Weslev, Martha, William, Virginia, Cenie, Laura 
E. (M'rs. Tise), and Dora. Mrs. Tise 's father was 
a member of the Moravian Church while her mother 
was a Methodist. 

While it is important that the above facts 
should be incUuled as the main essentials of 
biographical outline, it remains to describe more 
adequately the personal character of the late Mr. 
Tise. Fortunately this has been well done by one 
whose words have already been quoted. This 
sketch may well conclude with the appreciation 
penned by the same writer: 

"Few indeed are men gifted with a mind more 
alert, a memory more accurate, a judgment better 
balanced, or a comprehension more complete than 
he possessed. Equally facile with mind or hand 
he could organize, direct or execute works of great 
variety and importance. Early in life he was a 
merchant, and enjoyed the distinction of being the 
most successful salesman of his day. Later he 
turned to manufacturing and achieved success 
equally marked. Still later he saw the need of 
broadening the markets of his city and turned to 
the building of warehouses and threw his wonder- 
ful persojiality and rare gifts of trade into our 
near and remote territory, where he is today best 
remembered as the farmers friend at the great 
tobacco market of Winston-Salem. 

"His faith in the growth of his city and Pied- 
mont, North Carolina, was instinctive and without 
faltering grew with passing years. By acquiring 
and improving real estate, he early in life laid a 
foundation for a fortune. No city ever had a 
Vol. IV— « 



more loyal supporter nor one who enjoyed its 
growth more thoroughly. Fortunate in his own 
undertakings, he was equally happy over the suc- 
cess of others; and if ever one to whom he has 
given disinterested advice had accepted his clear 
vision of the future, hundreds of us would gather 
at his bier today to acknowledge him our benefac- 
tor. 

' ' Since he has passed away there is a void in our 
community which will not soon be filled. We shall 
miss the genial smile and cordial greeting he had 
for all — the rich and poor alike; we shall miss his 
fluent and sparkling conversation, his warm wel- 
come in the home, and his familiar presence in 
the channels of our city 's life, where business and 
pleasure meet and mingle together. 

' ' A perfect f aitli in God sustained him to the 
end and made his last days his happiest and best. 
His was a well rounded career; but until the veil 
shall be withdrawn, it will seem to those who 
knew him and loved him that his life was far 
too short. ' ' 

James Anderson Long. One of the most prom- 
inent and influential citizens of Roxboro, James 
Anderson Long, Jr., still belongs to the younger 
generation of business men. He lielongs to that 
class of representative men who while promoting 
their individual interests also advance the general 
welfare, and who, while energetic and enterprising 
in business life also give freely of their energies 
and assistance in public matters. While his career 
has not been a lengthy one, it has been featured by 
a quick rise to leadership, and at the present Mr. 
Long is president of the Roxboro Cotton Mill and 
vice president of the Peoples Bank. 

Mr. Long was born at Roxboro, North Carolina, 
August 15, 1885, and is a son of James Anderson 
and Laura Rebecca (Thompson) Long. His father 
was born in Person County, North Carolina, May 
2.3, 1841, a son of Ratliff and Mary (Walters) 
Long. He was given a common .school education 
and began life as a farmer, but the Civil war came 
on to interrupt his career and he enlisted in Com- 
pany H, Twenty-fourth North Carolina Regiment, 
C. S. A., in which he rose to the rank of sergeant. 
Later in life he became major on the staff of Gen. 
Julian S. Carr, United Confederate Veterans. When 
the war closed he resumed his farming operations, 
but his interests gradually extended to other fields, 
he becoming president of the Peoples Bank of Rox- 
boro and of the two Roxboro Cotton Mills, and 
owner of the Loch Lily Roller Flour and Grist 
Mills, Saw Mills and Planing Mills. Mr. Long has 
been prominently before the public in many posi- 
tions of civic trust. As early as 1885 he was a 
member of the North Carolina House of Repre- 
sentatives from Person County, and in 1889, 1901, 
1905 and 1909 was elected to the State Senate. He 
was appointed by Governor Kitchin a member of 
the State Building Commission to supervise the 
erection of the State Administration Building pro- 
vided for by the Legislature of 1911, and was 
elected by Col. Ashley Home as a member of the 
committee to supervise the erection of the monu- 
ment to the North Carolina Women of the Con- 
federacy, presented by Colonel Home to the State, 
to be erected in Capitol Square, Raleigh. He be- 
longs to the Methodist Church, is a trustee of the 
Methodist Orphanage, belongs to the board of trus- 
tees of Trinity College, and is chairman of the 
board of trustees of Greensboro Female College. 
In 1882 he married Laura Rebecca Thompson, and 
tliey became the parents of three children. 



82 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



James Anderson Long, Jr., received his early 
education in the public schools of Roxboro, follow- 
ing -n-hieh he became a student at Trinity College, 
from which institution he was graduated in 1905 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In that same 
year be was tendered and accepted a position as 
assistant cashier of the Peoples Bank of Eoxboro 
and remained with that banking house during the 
remainder of 1905 and a part of 1906. He then 
transferred his services to the Roxboro Cotton Mill, 
as assistant treasurer, and in January, 1916, was 
elected to the presidency and still continues therein. 
He has discharged the duties of his post in a man- 
ner that has caused the business to flourish and 
develop, and in the meantime has also retained an 
interest in the Peoples Bank, of which he is now 
vice president. Among the civic labors accom- 
plished by Mr. Long may be mentioned those in 
connection with his position as a member of the 
toard of education of Person County, a post which 
he fill? at this time. 

Mr. Long was married November 9, 1912, to Ann 
!Elizabeth (Bickford) of Lock Haven, Pennsyl- 
vania. They have three children : James Anderson 
III, Roliert Edgar and Max Bickford. Mr. and 
Mrs. Long are members of the Edgar Long Me- 
morial Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he is 
serving as steward. 

William LeBot Vaughan's record as a lawyer 
has been a brilliant one, and has brought him 
steady promotion to the better honors and rewards 
of the profession and of public life. He has prac- 
ticed at Washington since his admission to the bar. 

Mr. Vaughan was born in Halifax County, 
North Carolina, January 29, 1880, a son of William 
Thomas and Martha Eleanor (Gray) Vaughan, 
who were substantial farming people in Halifax 
County. Mr. Vaughan received his earlier educa- 
tion in the grammar and high schools of his 
native county, also attended Scotland Neck 
Academy and Wake Forest College, where he 
graduated as Bachelor of Arts with the class of 
1902 and in 1906 received the Master of Arts 
degree. For several years he taught school, a year 
and a half of that time being instructor of 
English in Wake Forest College. He took his 
law studies at Wake Forest, graduating from the 
law department in August, 1907. In January, 
1908, he began active practice at Washington, and 
devoted himself to the law until September, 1909. 
At that date the Board of Education appointed 
him county superintendent of scliools and he was 
again in educational work until he resigned the 
oiiice in 1913. He then became associated with 
N. L. Simmons, under the name Simmons & 
Vaughan, but in November, 1914, was elected to 
the office of .iudge of the county recorder 's court 
and was reelected in 1916. Besides his public 
duties he is now handling a general legal practice 
alone and is attorney for the Washington-Beaufort 
Land Company, the Washington Building and 
Loan Association and for the First National Bank 
of Washington. 

Mr. Vaughan is a member of the Beaufort 
County Bar Association, is deacon in the First 
Baptist Church and teacher of the Baraca Class, 
is a Knight Templar Mason and a Shriner and a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. On December 20, 1910, he married Miss 
Carolina Virginia Simmons, of Washington. They 
have two sons: William LeRoy, Jr., and Enoch 
Simmons. 



Joseph B. Sparger. An able and worthy repre- 
sentative of the horticultural interests of Surry 
County, Joseph B. Sparger is officially identified 
with two of the most extensive and successful 
business organizations of this part of the state, 
being a director and general manager of the Spar- 
ger Orchard Company and president of the State 
Mountain Orchard Compiany. He is a resident of 
Mount Airy but was born on a farm lying four 
miles east of Mount Airy, where his father, Wil- 
liam Sparger, Jr., was also born, his birth having 
occurred in 1833. 

WUliam Sparger, Sr., grandfather of Joseph B. 
Sparger, was also born on this parental homestead, 
the farm of which his father hewed from the wil- 
derness, having bought this tract of wild land soon 
after coming to North Carolina from Holland, his 
native country. His brothers and sisters, of whom 
he had many, all changed their surnames, it is be- 
lieved, from its original form, ' ' Wolfenbarger ' ' to 
' ' Sparger, ' ' and all but two of his brothers mi- 
grated to Ohio. William Sparger, Sr., continued a 
resident of Surry County, and after reaching man- 
hood settled in Mount Airy. There were at that 
time no railroads in the gtate, and he embarked in 
business as a freighter, with teams transporting 
produce of all kinds to FayetteviUe, then known 
as Cross Koads, on the return trip bringing a load 
of merchandise. While thus engaged, in 1834, he 
was robbed on the road, and murdered. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Nancy Bryson, was born, 
it is thought, in Virginia. She survived him more 
than half a century, living to be nearly ninety 
years old. She was the mother of three sons and 
four daughters, as follows : James, John, WUliam, 
Sally, Joyce, Mary and Jane. 

William Sparger, Jr., a little lad, scarce a year 
old when his father died, was brought up on the 
home farm, and early in life served an apprentice- 
ship at the miller's trade, an occupation that later 
exempted him from service in the Confederate 
army. Accumulating some money, he subsequent- 
ly invested in land, buying land which included a 
part of his grandfather 's original estate, situated 
four miles east of Mount Airy. During the prog- 
ress of the Civil war, he operated J. W. Brower's 
grist mill in Hamburg, continuing its management 
a number of years. Assuming then the possession 
of his farm, he was there employed in agricultural 
pursuits until his death, July, 1915. He married 
Sarah Witcher, a native of Carroll County, Vir- 
ginia. She passed to the life beyond in 1912, leav- 
ing six children, namely: Allen L., William S., 
Joseph B., James A., Mary and Joyce. 

Acquiring his early education in the district 
schools, and the public schools of Mount Airy, Jo- 
seph B. Sparger was fitted for a teacher at the 
Oak Ridge Institute, in Guilford County. Enter- 
ing upon a professional career, he taught school 
four years, and then decided to make a change in 
his occupation. Locating in Mount Airy, Mr. Spar- 
ger embarked in the hardware business, and in ad- 
dition became a manufacturer of chairs, and 
dressed lumber. Being successful in the manage- 
ment of these enterprises, he continued both until 
1909. 

In the meantime Mr. Sparger had become ac- 
tively interested in the culture of fruits, a branch 
of horticulture with which he is very familiar, and 
now, as director and general manager of the Spar- 
ger Orchard Company superintends the growing 
and fruit gathering of 30,000 productive apple and 
peach trees, whUe as president of the State Moun- 




(y(^4vCUiaJJl 



-..„, \ 



TIL" 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



83 



tain Orchard Company, which owns 800 acres of 
mountain fruit land, he is Isept -busily employed 
at his favorite industry. 

Mr. Sparger married, in 1892, Miss Bettie Case, 
who was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, 
a daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Prathen) 
Case. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Sparger four 
children have been born, namely: Margaret, Ran- 
dall W., Collier B., and Eloise. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Sparger are members of the Central Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, South. Politically Mr. 
Sparger is, identified with the republican party, 
and takes an active interest in public affairs. He 
has served as chairman of the board of county 
commissioners, and as a delegate to numerous dis- 
trict, county and state conventions. During tlie 
time that he was chairman of the board of county 
commissioners the county voted 10 per cent for 
good roads and built one of the best courthouses 
in the state at the cost of $120,000. Seventy steel 
and concrete bridges were also built in the county. 
Having the county demonstrated for improved 
farming industries and an assistant lady county 
demonstrator to improve such industries as canning 
fruit, etc., was due to Mr. Sparger 's influence. 

Hon. Gideon Hill Hastings. One of the fore- 
most members of the Winston-Salem bar, Hon. 
Gideon Hill Hastings, has won his position through 
no happy chance. His career from the time he left 
college halls has been one of constant apjilication 
and sturdy industry, of success well and worthily 
won. Besides serving a large clientage he has 
also accepted the call of public responsibilities and 
made an efficient record while a member of the 
Legislature. 

He was born on a farm in Abbotts Creek Town- 
ship of Forsyth County, and his ancestors came 
out of England, first locating in New England, 
and from there going to Pennsylvania. Some of 
the later generations spelled the name Hasten. 
Mr. Hastings ' grandfather was born either in 
Pennsylvania or in Granville County, North Caro- 
lina. Prom the latter locality he removed to 
Stokes County, buying land in Abbotts Creek 
Township. He had some slaves and worked his 
farm with their labor. In that community he 
continued to live the rest of his days. He mar- 
ried a Miss McElroy. 

John Hastings, father of Gideon H., was born 
in 1812. He became a man of substantial means 
and distinguished himself by much enterprise. He 
bought upwards of six hundred acres at the junc- 
tion of the roads leading from Salisbury to Dan- 
bury and from Winston to Greensboro. To accom- 
modate the large traffic passing this crossroads 
point he kept both a tavern and a store. In 1860 
he sold the tavern and with it about 150 acres of 
land. Soon afterward he built a large country 
home about a mile northeast of the old tavern, and 
there applied himself entirely to farming. This 
was his liome until his death in 1886, at the age 
of seventy-four. His first wife was Susan Payne, 
who was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, 
daughter of Franklin Payne. She died in 1874. 
The mother of Gideon H. Hastings was Louisa 
Whicker. She was born in Forsyth County, daugh- 
ter of Oliphant and Jane (Wilson) Whicker. She 
died in 1917. They reared three children: Bertha, 
Gideon H. and Raliah L. Bertha is the wife of 
C. R. Atkins. Ral.iah L. now occupies the old 
homestead and lives with his mother. By his first 
marriage John Hastings had five children, named 
Jane, .lulia, Almah, Constantino B. and John R. 

The early environment to which he was accus- 



tomed as a boy Mr. Hastings found in tlie rural 
district where his father had his farming interests. 
There he attended a rural school, afterward Ker- 
nerswlle High School, and his education was con- 
tinued through Yadkin Valley Institute at Boon- 
ville and in Elon College. Teaching was one of 
his early experiences, and by that vocation he 
earned some of the means which enabled him to 
prepare for the bar. He taught his first term of 
school in Abbotts Creek Township. For one year 
he had charge of the graded schools in Kerners- 
ville. 

Mr. Hastings studied law at Wake Forest Col- 
lege and in the Nashville Law School. He gradu- 
ated from the latter school in 1900 and was 
admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1901. In 
1902 Mr. Hastings removed to Winston and since 
that date has been steadily increasing his reputa- 
tion as a reliable and safe counselor and a lawyer 
who gives an efficient service to every interest 
intrusted to his charge. 

In li)02, the year he began practice at Winston, 
Mr. Hastings married Miss Betty Linville. Mrs. 
Hastings was born at Kernersville in Forsyth 
County, daughter of William S. and Mary Lin- 
ville. Two children have been born to their union, 
Louise and Elizabeth. 

For years Mr. Hastings has been a leader in 
the democratic party in his section of the state. 
He was chairman of the executive committee in 
1907-08. For six years he served as municipal 
judge of Winston-Salem, and in 1905 was elected 
a member of the State Legislature. While in the 
Legislature he was a member of the judiciary 
committee and the committee on state institutions 
and of several minor committees. He is a mem- 
ber of Salem Lodge No. 27, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, of Twin City Camp No. 27, Wood- 
men of the World, and Kernersville Council of the 
Junior Order of United American Mechanics. 

William Louis Poteat. A scientist and Chris- 
tian educator, William Louis Poteat has been pres- 
ident of that old and honored North Carolina 
institution of higher learning. Wake Forest College, 
since June 22, 1905. He has been identified with 
the college in some capacity beginning as a tutor, 
for over thirty-five years. His work and attaint 
ments have made his name vridely known not only 
over his native state but in various American cen- 
ters of learning. 

He was born in Caswell County, North Carolina, 
October 20, 1856, a son of Capt. James and Julia 
A. (McNeill) Poteat. His father, also a native of 
Caswell County, was a substantial planter in that 
section of the state. His brother, Edwin McNeill 
Poteat, 1903-18 was president of Furman Univer- 
sity at Greenville, South Carolina, resigning in 
June, 1918, and was a recognized leader in the 
Southern Baptist Convention. His sister. Miss Ida 
Poteat, has been Professor of Art in Meredith 
College since its founding in 1899. 

As a boy William Louis Poteat was instructed 
by private tutors in his father 's home. He was 
jirepared for college in Miss Lowndes ' scho'ol in 
Yanceyville, and from 1872 to 1877, excepting the 
session 187.''.-74, was a student in Wake Forest Col- 
lege, where he graduated in the classical course 
and witli the degree B. A. In 1889 the college con- 
ferred upon him the Master of Arts degree. Other 
scholastic honors have come to him in later years. 
Baylor University of Waco, Texas, honored him 
witli the degree LL. D. in 1905, and he received a 
similar honor from the University of North Caro- 
lina in 1906. 



84 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



His first intention was to take up the legal pro- 
fession, and he began the stuily of law, Imt in the 
year following his graduation from Wake Forest he 
was appointed a tutor, in 1878, and since that year 
has been continuously a member of the faculty 
of instruction. In 1880 he was made assistant pro- 
fessor of natural history, and in 1883 took the chair 
of biology, which he still holds in addition to his 
executive responsibilities as president. 

In the meantime he has pursued his special 
studies, spending a short time in the Zoological 
In.stitute of the University of Berlin, and also took 
courses in the Marine Biological Laboratory at 
Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He is a member of 
the North Carolina Academy of Sciences, of which 
he was president in 1902, and is author of ' ' Labora- 
tory and Pulpit," published in 1901, and of "The 
New Peace," published in 1915. For years he has 
been a lecturer on scientific and religious subjects. 

From April, 1897, to May, 1899, he was a mem- 
ber of the North Carolina State Board of Ex- 
aminers and in 1914 a member of the Special 
Freight Rate Commission. In March, 1900, he 
was lecturer on the Gay Foundation at the Southern 
Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, during 
1904-05 was Brooks lecturer on science and re- 
ligion in the Hamilton Theological Seminary at 
Hamilton, New York, and in 1915 Lewis Holland 
lecturer in the Southwestern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas. In 1897 he was 
president of the North Carolina Teachers Assembly, 
and in 190.3 was elected president of the North Car- 
olina Literary and Historical Association. He has 
contributed a number of his writings to scientific 
and religious journals. 

On June 24, 1881, he married Miss Emma J. 
Purefoy of Wake Forest, a daughter of Eev. A. F. 
Purefoy. 

James Arthur Springer is one of the oldest 
men from the standpoint of continuous identifica- 
tion in the coal industry of North Carolina. He 
has had his home at Wilmington for many years, 
and is widely known as president of the Springer 
Coal Company, and is also actively identified with 
banks and other enterprises. 

He was born in Aroostook County, Maine, 
December 16, 1847, a son of James Hobart and 
Clara (Wat.son) Springer. His father was a 
lumber manufacturer, and from Maine brought 
his family to North Carolina in 1855, spending 
two years in Martin County, and again coming to 
the state in 1860. 

James A. Springer was educated chiefly in the 
schools of North Carolina, and after the war he 
engaged in the coal business, and in 187.3 e.stab- 
lished the Springer Coal Company, which he 
incorporated in 1905. He is president of that 
company, is president and treasurer and was 
organizer of the Independent Ice Company of 
Wilmington, a business that was estahlislied in 
1901, is a director of the Mur^hison National 
Bank, of the People's Savings Bank, of the 
[Delgado Mills, and is secretary of the Cape 
Fear Machine Works. 

His active co-operation goes with every civic and 
benevolent movement in his home city and state. 
He is a member of the board of trustees of the 
Oakdale Cemetery Company and is a ruling elder 
in the First Presbyterian Church of Wilmington. 

On November 27, 1873, Mr. Springer married 
Miss Agnes L. Struthers, of Colnmbus County, 
North Carolina. Their two sons are now grown 
and active business men. Horace David is in 



New York City, while Samuel Jennings is with 
the Sjjringer Coal Company and is treasurer of 
the company. 

Charles A. Hines. By his capable service as an 
attorney and a record of obligations and responsi- 
bilities fully performed and capably discharged 
Mr. Hines has for a number of years been recog- 
nized as one of Greensboro 's most useful and 
honored citizens. He is a native of Guilford 
County, has spent all his active career here, and 
represents one of the old and honored family 
names. 

Mr. Hines was born on a farm in Madison Town- 
ship of Guilford County. The earliest genera- 
tions of the family were from Virginia. His 
great-grandfather died at Norfolk, Virginia, while 
tlie War of 1812 was in progress and at a time 
when that city was quarantined because of yellow 
fever. The grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch was William Hines, a native of Norfolk, 
who in young manhood came to Guilford County, 
and developed a large plantation in Madison Town- 
ship. Eventually his accumulations were repre- 
sented by hundreds of acres of land and prior to 
the war he owned many slaves who cultivated his 
fields and did the various industries of the planta- 
tion. He died when eighty years of age. Grand- 
father Hines married Mary Lilly DeVault. Her 
name suggests French origin, but her immediate 
ancestors must have lived in the Netherlands, 
since she was trained to speak the Dutch lan- 
sniage and always read faithfully her Dutch Bible. 
She died at the age of seventy-eight, the mother of 
ten sons and five daughters. Eight of the sons 
srrew to maturity, five of them, Ezekiel D., Gideon 
D., Alfred, Newton and William, being soldiers 
in the Confederate army. Alfred and Newton 
gave uT) their lives as sacrifices to the cause. 

Ezekiel DeVault Hines was born in Madison 
Township in 1836. He had a district school educa- 
tion, also attended Monticello Academy, but in- 
stead of adopting a profession he determined to 
devote himself to farming. He was thus engaged 
when the war broke out and he enlisted and served 
in a Confederate regiment, as did his other four 
brothers, and added something to the luster of 
the family military record. After the war he 
resumed farming, buying 300 acres from his father 
and in the course of time he had one of the well 
improved and valuable farms of Madi.son Town- 
ship. He erected good buildings, kept his culti- 
vation up to the most advanced standards and 
methods, and enjoyed high repute among his 
neighbors and friends. He died at the age of 
sixty-four years. The maiden name of his wife 
was Isabel Wright, who was born in Bockingham 
County, a daushter of Josiah T. and Mary Jane 
(Moore) Wright. Mrs. Isabel Hines is now living 
in Raleigh. She reared four children, named 
Charles A., Lacy D., Hattie, wife of L. R. Fair, 
and Paisley T. 

Charles A. Hines' earliest recollections are all 
of the home farm. While a boy he attended dis- 
trict schools, was a student in Jefferson Academy, 
at Elon Collese. and from there entered the law 
department of the tlniversitv of North Carolina. 
Mr. Hines was licensed to practice in February, 
1908, and the subsequent ten years have been busy 
ones and fruitful in experience and have brought 
him to a position of leadership in one of the prin- 
cipal cities of the state. During the first two 
years of his law practice he was associated with 
Judge Shaw. 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



In November, 1912, Mr. Hiues married Miss Ida 
Edwards Wiustead, who was born at Koxboro, 
Person County, North Carolina, daughter of fcJ. B. 
ami Ida (Satterlield) Winstead. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hiues have oue daughter, Dorothy Byrd. 

Along with the hiw Mr. Hiues has combined an 
active interest and a dutitul attention to public 
affairs and politics. He is chairman of the execu- 
tive committee of the democratic party in Guilford 
County and is a member of the State Executive 
Committee. Fraternally he is affiliated with Cor- 
inthian Lodge No. o42, Ancient Eree and Accepted 
Masons; Greensboro Council No. 13, Junior Order 
of United American Mechanics; Greensboro Camp 
No. 26. Woodmen of the World, and is commandant 
of the local camp of the Sous of Confederate 
Veterans. 

Cornelius Monroe Vanstory. The City of 
Greensboro has long recognized in Cornelius Mon- 
roe Vanstory one of its ablest and public spirited 
citizens as well as one of its most capable busi- 
ness men. Mr. Vanstory has never desired to figure 
iu pubbc life through the medium of politics, and 
has rendered his chief service iu those positions 
and capacities which are usually without any re- 
muneration and involve milimited' work whicli 
oftentimes goes absolutely unappreciated. Mr. 
Vanstory is one of the most prominent Masons of 
North Carolina. 

He was born in Guilford County, North Caro- 
lina, a son of John Henry and Kate B. (Gordon) 
Vanstory. Grandfather Dr. Cornelius M. Vanstory 
was for many years a practicing physician iu Guil- 
ford County. He was descended from a family of 
sturdy Hollanders. John H. Vanstory was a North 
Carolina farmer and spent all his life in Guilford 
County. His wife was a daughter of Woodson 
and Mary (Greene) Gordon. Her grandfather 
Gordon served as a general in the Revolutionary 
war: 

Cornelius M. Vanstory grew up in the atmos- 
]ihere of the country, had a good business educa- 
tion, and when a young man sought the bigger 
and broader opportunities of commercial life. At 
Greensboro he entered merchandising, acquired a 
thorough experience and then founded the Van- 
story clothing business which has grown and pros- 
pered and is now one of the largest enterprises 
of its kind in Guilford County. Out of his suc- 
cess as a merchant Mr. Vanstory has extended his 
interests to other fields and has acquired a large 
amount of city property. He is a director of the 
Greensboro National Bank, a member of the Board 
of Examiners of the Greensboro Loan and Trust 
Company, is a member of the firm of Vanstory & 
Balsley, real estate, and is a member of the Mer- 
chants' and Manufacturers' Club of the Young 
Men 's Christian Association. 

His affiliations with Masonry deserve a brief 
paragraph by themselves. He is a member of 
Corinthian Lodge No. .542, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of which he is past master; of Chorazen 
Cliapter No. 13, Royal Arch Masons, of which he 
is past high priest; of Greensboro Council No. 3, 
Royal and Select Masters; Ivanhoe Commandery 
No. S. Knights Templar, of which he is past grand 
commander; Carolina. Consistory No. 1 of the 
Scottish Rite at Charlotte; Oasis Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine at Charlotte and also Haji Mecca 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine at New York. In 
191.5-16 he served as grand commander of the 
National Knights Templar of the United States. 
He is chairman of the executive committee of the 



Masonic and Eastern Star Home of North Caro- 
lina. 

Mr. Vanstory is also affiliated with Greensboro 
Lodge No. 602, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of which he is now exalted ruler, and is a past 
chancellor of the local lodge of Knights of 
Pythias. 

As a public spirited citizen there has been noth- 
ing m Mr. Vanstory 's lite which would expose him 
to the slightest danger of being held up as a 
' ' slacker. ' ' He has always been willing to do his 
part, though practical politics has never been a 
really congenial field. He was for several years 
a member of the City School Board, and during 
the present war with Germany in 1917-18 he holds 
a position through appointment and commission 
from Governor Bickett as chairman of the Coun- 
cil of Defense for Guilford Coimty, chairman of 
the committee on transportation, and chairman of 
the county food administration. 

November 17, 1887, Mr. Vanstory married Miss 
Cora McLane Moore. She was born in Greens- 
boro, daughter of Maj. James Roljert and Nar- 
cisa (Unthank) McLane. Her father. Major Mc- 
Lane, was an attorney and for several years a 
member of the Greensboro bar and prominent iu 
public affairs. During the war he served as a 
member of the Confederate Congress. Mrs. Van- 
story was the adopted daughter of W. S. Moore. 
To their marriage have been born the following 
children: Robert Moore, who is in the artillery 
service, United States army, at Camp Zachany 
Taylor; Mary Carolina, Ruth McLane, Jennie 
Scales, Cornelius M., Jr., and William A. Mary is 
the wife of E. C. Elzemeyer and Ruth married R. 
R. King, Jr., and has one daughter, the only 
grandchild of Mr. and Mrs. Vanstory. 

Rev. Ernest Hall Stockton is secretary and 
treasurer for the Southern Province of the Mora- 
vian Church in America and is also secretary of 
the congregation of the United Brethren of Salem 
and vicinity. He has spent his life in Western 
North Carolina, and his people have for genera- 
tions been actively identified with the Moravian 
Church both in tins state and in Pennsylvania. 
Some of his ancestors were among the pioneer 
Moravians in Western North Carolina. 

Mr. Stockton was born at Salem on August 28, 
1876. His great-grandfather, Daughty Stockton, 
was born probably in the State of New Jersey of 
English ancestry. He was a pioneer in North Caro- 
lina, and owned and occupied a farm on the state 
road between Winston and Greensboro. He mar- 
ried a Miss Perkins. Grandfather John Branch 
Stockton was born on the old farm in Forsyth 
County and became a merchant at Kernersville iu 
that county. After some years he removed to 
Winston-Salem and kept a general store there 
until his death, at the age of sixty-three. He 
married Martha McGehee. She was born at Farm- 
ville in Prince Edward County, Virginia, daugliter 
of Micajah and Martha (Venable) McGehee. Her 
parents on coming to North Carolina settled near 
Madison in Rockingham County. John' B. Stock- 
ton and wife had six sons : Joseph H., William D., 
Charles B., Natlian G., John G. and Madison D. 

John Gilliam Stockton, father of Ernest II. 
was born on a farm near Kernersville in Forsyth 
County October 20, 1855. From the farm he 
came in early youth to Salem to clerk in the 
store of his brother, and after a few years engaged 
in the confectionery business for himself on Main 
Street. His store was near the Court House. Later 



86 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



he entered the emploj' of D. H. Kiug, in the coal 
and ice business, and continued to be associated 
with Mr. King until his death in 1893, at the age 
of thirty-eight. He was married in 1875 to 
Florence Estelle Hall. 

Florence Estelle Hall was born at Salem, daugh- 
ter of William Henry and Ernestine Augusta 
(Veirling) Hall and sister of Eev. James Ernest 
Hall, a sketch of wliom appears in this work. 

Jolm G. Stockton and wife reared four chil- 
dren: Ernest Hall, Gertrude E., Florence E. 
and John D. 

Ernest Hall Stockton had the advantages of the 
public schools as a boy, but at the early age of 
fifteen became self supporting. He was employed 
by the Eoanoke & Southern Railway Company, and 
later was with the Norfolk & Western Railroad. 
He was continuously in railroad service until he 
resigned to accept his present responsibilities with 
the Moravian Church of North Carolina. 

Rev. Mr. Stockton was married December 14, 
1897, to Miss Minnie Louise Tesh. She was born 
at SaJem, daughter of Romulus and Louisa 
(Teague) Tesh. Mr. and Mrs. Stockton have six 
children: Flavella, Blanche, Edwin, Carrie May, 
Mary and Gertrude. Mr. Stockton is affiliated 
with Salem Lodge No. 289, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons. 

William Pepper Phillips has been identified 
with the cotton mill industry in North Carolina 
si'nce boyhood, learning it as a boy operative, and 
for the past twenty-five years has been identified 
with The Erwin C5otton Mills Com"any m their 
extensive plant and manufactories at West Durha-n 

Mr. Phillips was born in Alamance County, North 
Carolina, November 2, 186:', a son of James and 
Rebecca (Turner) Phillips. His father was a 
farmer. The son grew up on a farm, living in a 
country community until he was twenty-one, and 
his education was largely secured through a private 
school conducted by William Thompson, a well 
known educator of that day. He entered a cotton 
mill and spent three years in the carding depart- 
ment and from there entered tlie dye house, and it 
has been in the dyeing branches of the business 
that he has gained his chief fame as an expert. He 
tas been and for twenty-five years was an overseer 
■of dye houses. He moved to Durham, North Car- 
olina, in April, 189.3, and was chief dyer for the 
Erwin Cotton Mills Company until 1907, when he 
was appointed superintendent of Mill No. 1. His 
services have also been required in a number of the 
other mills owned by The Erwin Company, and he 
is undoubtedly one of the most iirominent men in 
■cotton mill circles in North Carolina today. 

Mr. Phillips has exerted himself in a public 
spirited way toward the upbuilding of his com- 
munity at West Durham, is chairman of the board 
of deacons in the Baptist Church there, and is affil- 
iated with the Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and the Junior Order 
of Tnited American Mechanics. May 19, 1889, he 
married Mary Elizabeth Edwards of Orange 
County, North Carolina. They became the parents 
of eight children, Lucile, William Pepper, Jr., 
Callie Rebecca, Mary Elizabeth, Edward L., 
Catherine, Margaret Jasemine, and Elmina, who 
died at the age of twelve years. 

Henry Clay Stokes. It is both encouraging 
and interesting to trace a career fulfilling ambi- 
tious holies that has had for its foundation stones 
industry and business integrity. There may be 



little of romance to adorn either, but the satisfy- 
ing results that accrue will far outdistance those 
won through a young man 's easier choice, or his 
less conscientious attitude in relation to his deal- 
ings with his fellow men. Among Hartford's 
prominent, useful and truly representative citizens 
none are held in higher regard tlian Henry Clay 
Stokes, who is i>resident of the Farmers Bank & 
Trust Company of Hertford. He is a Hertford 
■ ' boy ' ' and there have been many who have 
watched with commendation his steady advance 
from a minor place in a business house to one that 
places him at the liead of one of the important 
financial institutions of Eastern North Carolina. 

Henry Clay Stokes was born at Hertford, North 
Carolina, November 12, 1876. His parents were 
Henry Clay and Elizabetli (Tow) JStokes. The 
father has been engaged in business at Hertford 
for many years, as an undertaker, harness manu- 
facturer and in other lines, one of the city 's 
honorable, dependable men. 

Educational facilities have never been lacliing 
in Hertford since its village days and in the boy- 
hood and youth of Mr. Stokes Hertford Academy 
offered many advantages. When fifteen years old 
the youth accepted a clerkship with M. H. White 
& Company, general merchants, and through indus- 
try and integrity was soon promoted as his busi- 
ness ability became more and more evident and 
finally he became a member of tlie firm, the style 
later becoming White & Company. Mr. Stokes 
was recognized as one of the city 's most able 
merchants and an important factor in the com- 
mercial life of Hertford. 

Later Mr. Stokes turned his attention to the 
financial field and with other capitalists organized 
the Farmers Bank & Trust Company, of which he 
has since been president. He is interested also in 
the Hertford Hardware & Supply Company, of 
which he is vice president, and in minor enter- 
prises of more or less importance. In all of these 
ccncerns and in his activities in other directions 
liis actions have been characterized by the ad- 
lierence to principles which have won for him the 
unqualified respect and confidence of his fellow 
men. 

Mr. Stokes was married September 7, 1915, to 
Miss Ruth A. Clark, who was born in Virginia. 
They have one daughter, whom they have named 
J oyee. 

While Mr. Stokes has been closely identified 
with the city's important business interests, he 
lias always been an active citizen, deeply interested 
in Hertford's development and giving his support 
to undertakings which he has deemed beneficial to 
tiie community. His fellow citizens have recog- 
nized his sincerity and ability by electing him to 
responsible offices, and he served five years as 
chairman of the Board of County Commissioners, 
and for six years, or until he resigned, he was 
a memljer of the Hertford Town Board, and at 
present is a member of the Board of Control. 

Hon. Thomas Lenoik Gwtn. A man of in- 
defatigable enterprise and unciuestioned business 
sagacity and foresight, Hon. Thomas Lenoir Gwyn, 
of Elkin, Surry County, has accomplished a satis- 
factory work as farmer and miller, and is now 
living retired from active pursuits, enjoying not 
only the comforts, but many of the luxuries, _ of 
modern life. He was born in Elkin, November 
9, 1842, son of Richard Gwyn, and grandson of 
James Gwyn, a pioneer settler of Wilkes County. 




Uaa^ o^^iA.'^jvjy vw 



1 '■ 



vAT'.ONi 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



87 



The Gwyu family is of Welsh origin, the irn- 
migraut ancestor having euiigrated from Wales to 
America in 1610. He located in Virginia, and, 
according to tradition, while exploring the coast 
along the Chesapeake Bay he saved the beautiful 
Indian maiden, Pocahontas, from drowning while 
she was attempting to swim from the coast to an 
island. Wishing to express her gratitude, she, in 
the name of her father, Powhatan, presented to 
him the island, which for many years thereafter 
was known as Gn-yn Island. 

Born and bred in Brunswick County, Virginia, 
James Gwyu came from there to North Caro- 
lina, locating in Wilkes County, in pioneer times. 
Purchasing a large tract of heavily timbered land, 
in which was included the present site of Bonda, 
he erected a substantial house, and with the aid 
of his slaves cleared and improved a good farm, 
on which he spent the remainder of his life. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Martha Leijoir, was 
the daughter of Thomas Lenoir, a soldier in the 
Eevolutionary army. 

Born in Wilkes County, North Carolina, near 
the present site of Eonda, in 1796, Richard Gwyn 
■was brought up on a farm, and early became 
familiar with farm work. Soon after attaining 
his majority, he embarked in mercantile pursuits 
on his own account in Jonesville, Yadkin County. 
While thus employed he invested his surplus money 
in land, buying on the north side of the Yadkin 
River a large tract, which included the present 
site of Elkin. Par-seeing and enterprising, he im- 
proved the waterpower on Elkin Creek, and there 
built a grist mill. While other streams in the 
vicinity frequently went dry, Elkin Creek had a 
iiever-failing supply of water, and people from 
afar, even as far distant as Salisbury, brought 
their corn to his mill to be ground, often time 
keeping him busy grinding every day and niglit 
in the week, including Sundays. He subsequently 
built a cotton mill near by, the first mill of the 
iind in the county, and operated both plants for 
many years. On the north side of Main Street, in 
Elkin, he erected a good house, and there resided 
until his death, in 1884. 

Richard Gwyn married Elizabeth Hunt. She 
was Ijorn in Y'adkin County, on the south side of 
the Yadkin River, where her father, Daniel Hunt, 
a life-long resident of that county, was an exten- 
sive landholder, and operated his plantation with 
slave labor. Nine children were born of their 
■union, as follows; Annie, who became the wife 
of Columbus B. Franklin; Richard R. ; James D.; 
Hugh A.; Sallie, who married Eufus T. Lenoir; 
Nathan H. and Enoch M., twins; Elizabeth M., 
who married Alexander Chatham; and Thomas 
Lenoir. 

Scholarly in his tastes and ambitions, Thomas 
Lenoir Gwyn was a student in the Jonesville Acad- 
emy, when, in 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 
Second Battalion, North Carolina Troops, tlie com- 
pany being commanded by Capt. G. C. Stowe, while 
J. C. McRay was major of the battalion. Mr. 
Gwyu had assisted in raising the company, and 
was elected lieutenant. With his comrades, he 
■went to Camp Vance, in Burke County, this state, 
for drill, from there going to Tennessee, where he 
took an active part in the siege of Knoxville, 
and in other engagements of minor importance. 
At Cansbys Creek, Tennessee, the company to 
■which he belonged was surrounded by the enemy, 
and, in the absence of the captain and the first 
lieutenant, Mr. Gwyn led the company in its dash 
through the enemy's line. Four or five of his 



comrades were killed, while the remaining men of 
the company, with the exception of himself and 
eight others, were captured. A speeding bullet 
took a jjiece from one of Mr. Gwyn's ears, but 
he was thankful to escape thus easily. Returning 
with his eight companions to Salisbury, North 
Carolina, he was commissioned adjutant of the 
Senior Reserves, and was detailed to guard pris- 
oners, a position which he held until the close of 
the conflict. 

Subsequently, in partnership with his brother, 
R. R. Gwyn, and his brother-in-law, Alexander 
Chatham, Mr. Gwyn eml)arked in the mercantile 
business at Elkin, and under the firm name of 
R. R. Gwyn & Company built up an extensive 
trade. The nearest railway point at that time 
was Winston, and all goods bought by the firm 
had to be transported from there with teams. A 
few years later, Mr. Gwyu formed a partnership 
with W. W. Wood, and as head of the firm of 
Gwyn, Wood & Comjiany, was for three years 
engaged in the manufacture of toljacco in Jones- 
■ville, Yadkin Coimty. Afterward, in company 
with his brother-iu-law, Alexander Chatham, he 
built a mill in Elkin, and embarked in a new in- 
dustry, not only manufacturing woolen blankets 
and jeans, but doing custom spinning and weav- 
ing. 

Selling out his interests in the mill to his 
nephews, Mr. Gwyn, in 188-1, removed to Grayson 
County, Virginia, where, from Col. Steven Hale 
and Capt. John Hale, he bought a large farm. 
Building a flour mill on the place, he was there 
engaged in milling and general farming for a 
number of years. In 1912, disposing of that prop- 
erty, he returned to Surry County, and has since 
lived retired at his pleasant home in Elkin. 

Mr. Gwyn married, April 3, 1867, Amelia J. 
Dickenson, who was born in Hardeman County, 
Tennessee, a daughter of James and Julia (Thur- 
man) Dickenson. Her father removed from his 
home in New River, Tennessee, to Mississippi, 
where, during the Civil war, he was killed by 
Federal soldiers. Mrs. Gwyn passed to the higher 
life June 1, 1917. She reared two daughters, 
namely: Sallie J., who married N. Van Poindex- 
ter, and has four children, Ohna, Amelia, Carrie 
Smith and Gwyn ; and Carrie, who married Alex- 
ander M. Smith, and died in early womanhood. 

Mr. Gwyu is a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, to which Mrs. Gwyn also belonged, 
and he has served as steward, and as a delegate 
to various annual conferences. A life-long demo- 
crat in his political affiliations, Mr. Gwyn served 
as a member of the Surry County board of Com- 
missioners for eight years, and in 1901 and 1902, 
while a resident of Virginia, was a delegate from 
Grayson County to the convention that formulated 
the present constitution of that state. 

COL. Jesse Casper Bessent is one of the best 
known citizens of Winston-Salem. He is a man 
of genial and wholesome characteristics, with an 
honorable record both in public and private life, 
and has justified every confidence reposed in him. 

Colonel Bessent is a native of North Carolina, 
and his family was established here before the 
close of the eighteenth century. Colonel Bessent 
was born at Mocksville, the county seat of Davie 
County, North Carolina, February 3, 1855. His 
grandfather, Samuel Bessent, was born on the 
Island Alderny in the English Channel, and he and 
a brother wei-e the only members of the family to 
eome to America. His brother settled in South 



88 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



Carolina and his descendants now live in that 
state and in Georgia and Florida. 

Samuel Bessent brought his bride to America 
in 1795, landing at Charleston, South Carolina, 
and going tlieuee to Davie County, North Carolina, 
•where he was a pioneer settler. His remaining 
years were spent as a farmer, and both he and his 
wite jjassed their last days in the home of their 
son Eev. C. W. Bessent. Samuel Bessent lived 
to the venerable age of ninety-seven, and his wife 
w-as ninety-five when she died. They reared three 
sons: Calton W., Ransom P. and Samuel A. 
CaJton W. became a well known minister of the 
Missionary Baptist Church, while E-ansom was a 
dental practitioner. 

Samuel A. Bessent, father of Colonel Bessent, 
was born on a farm seven miles south of ilocks- 
ville, learned the trade of saddle and harness mak- 
ing and followed that as his vocation during his 
very brief career. He died at the age of twenty- 
six. His wife was Cassandra Hendrix. She was 
born at Mocksville, her father, Jesse A. Hendrix, 
was born in the same county, and her grand- 
father, David Hendrix, was a native of HoUand, 
coming to America about 1785 and establishing 
one of the pioneer homes of Davie County. Her 
grandfather was a blacksmith and farmer and 
Jesse Hendrix followed similar occupations. The 
house built by Jesse Hendrix, a two-story log 
structure, is still standing on a farm six miles 
south of Mocksville. Jesse Hendrix, who spent all 
his life in his native county, married Elizabeth 
Feezcr, who was also of Holland descent. Both of 
them attained good old age. Mrs. Samuel A. Bes- 
sent died at the age of fifty-seven. Her three chil- 
dren were Margaret, Sarah and Jesse C. 

As the Civil war broke out when Colonel Bessent 
was about six years of age, his boyhood was spent 
in a time when it was difficult if not impossible to 
secure those advantages of education which obtain 
in a peaceful civil comuuinity. Free schools were 
suspended during war times, and his education 
came almost entirely from such schools as were 
supported on the subscription plan. At the age of 
thirteen he became self supporting, beginning 
work in a tobacco factory at Mocksville. Colonel 
Bessent has been a resident of Winston-Salem 
since 1874. He was at that time nineteen years 
of age, and he continued his employment in a 
tobacco factory at Winston-Salem until 1882. In 
that year he was elected city tax collector and 
constable, and those oflScial duties engaged his 
time until 1892. In that year he entered the 
insurance business, which he still follows. In 1894 
he was elected justice of the jieace, and has pre- 
sided over his court and administered local justice 
for twenty-two years. 

Colonel Bessent has been actively identified with 
the National Guard of North Carolina upwards of 
thirty-five years. He enlisted March 28, 1878, in 
Company A, Third Begiment, North Carolina 
Guards. He was promoted to first lieutenant June 
1, 1886, to captain June 6, 1892. At the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American war in 1898 he wai 
mustered into the United States service with Com- 
pany C, First North Carolina Volunteers and 
remained with his command until the close of the 
war. He was mustered out in April, 1899. On 
June 26, 1899, his company reorganized as Com- 
pany C of the First Ilegiment, North Carolina 
National Guard, and he was the choice of his com- 
rades for captain. December 1, 1902, he was 
promoted to major, and to lieutenant colonel on 
August 7, 1907. in 1916 Colonel Bessent responded 



to the call for duty on the Mexican border, but 
was rejected on account of failing eyesight. He 
was then placed upon the retired list subject to 
call. In 1912 Colonel Bessent was a delegate to 
the National Guard Association held in Boston. 

In 18S2 Colonel Bessent married Louisa E. 
White, who was born in Winston-Salem, a daugh- 
ter of J. A. and Louisa White. Colonel Bessent 
takes an active part in Masonry, being afliliated 
with Winston Lodge No. 167, Fj-ee and Accepted 
Masons, Winston Chapter No. 24, Royal Arch 
Masons, and Piedmont Commandery No. 6, Knights 
Templar. He is also a member of Salem Lodge 
No. 36, and Salem Encampment No. 20, Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows, and is grand high priest 
of the Grand Encampment of Nortli Carolina. 

While the activities and interests described are 
well known to Colonel Bessent 's many friends and 
admirers in this section of the state, he is known 
among a more restricted number of friends as an 
indefatigable collector. He has one of the largest 
privately owned collections of paper money in 
North Carolina. It represents many issues of 
Colonial currency, also issues of state bariks and 
of the Confederate Government. He also has a 
collection of rare coins and books. 

The Dtjkham Public Libbart is an institution 
which by its service justifies some special mention 
in this publication. It has the distinction of being 
the first free public library in the state. Contrary 
to popular opinion there may be such a thing as a 
jiublie library and still not absolutely free, since 
the patrons and users of the books must meet 
certain definite fees or charges for the service. The 
Durham Public Library was the first in the state 
which turned its books over to the public without 
any fee for the' privileges. 

The library was organized in 1897, and as then 
constituted the institution is a monument to the 
efforts and generosity of Miss Lida Ruth Carr 
(now Mrs. Patten of Kansas City), daughter of 
Gen. Julian S. Carr. Miss Carr and Mr. and Mrs. 
T. M. Martin gave the site, which is located in the 
central part of the city, and is accessible to all 
residents. 

The money for the building was secured by popu- 
lar subscription, and there was a generous outpour- 
ing to this fund, ranging in amount from a few 
cents to many dollars. The original stock of books 
was made up of gifts from individuals and also 
from purchases made by popular subscriptions. The 
library now has a total of 8,478 volumes. Plans 
.ire now being made to secure a gift from Andrew 
Carnegie for a new building. 

For many years the librarian was Mrs. Sallie 
Rogers Henderson, who though not specially trained 
gave e:scelient and unselfish service and did much 
to realize the ideals of the founders. In 1911 the 
library was reorganized, and a trained librarian 
secured. Mrs. A. F. Griggs is librarian and has had 
the executive administration of the library since 
1911. Mrs. Griggs, whose maiden name was Lillian 
Baker, was born in Anderson, South Carolina, and 
was educated in Williamston Female College, now 
Lander College, in the Agnes Scott College, and 
took her technical work in the Carnegie Library 
School at Atlanta. Mrs. Griggs was president in 
1917-18 of the North Carolina Library Association. 

Since 1914 the privileges of the library have been 
extended to the rural residents of the county. At 
that time the board of town commissioners made 
an annual appropriation to the library of $400, and 
in 1917 this was increased to $600. This action on 



*pT_T p 



HISTOEY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



89 



the part of the commissioners has been of great 
service and benefit to the county schools and 
teachers and t)ie public in general. As things now 
stand the library is supported by an appropriation 
from the city of $1,750, which combined with the 
appropriation by the county makes a total of 
$2,350. 

WillIjVM Franklin Clifton Edwards. Prom- 
inent in lioth business aud official life, William 
F. C. Edwards, a leading citizen of Hertford, is 
known in several counties in Eastern North Caro- 
lina, and in Gates County owns a large body of 
ancestral land that has come to him from four 
generations back. He is particularly well known 
in Perquimans County because of his eiiieient 
administration of the office of register of deeds, 
which he has filled continuously for the past four 
teen years. 

William F. C. Edwards was born in Gates 
County, North Carolina, February 7, 1868. His 
parents were John Allen and Elizabeth (Goodman) 
Edwards. His father was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits during his entii'e active life. 

After a period of private schooling Mr. Edwards 
entered the Keynoldson Male Institute, an educa- 
tional institution of some local note, and after 
completing a course there became a clerk in a 
general mercantile store, and after four years of 
business experience in that line, embarked in the 
same on his own account at Winfall in Perqui- 
luans County, where he continued until 189-3, 
when he came to Hertford. He engaged hero in 
a general mercantile business until 1900 and then 
transferred it to Winfall. 

In 1904, when elected register of deeds for 
Perquimans County, Mr. Edwards returued to 
Hertford, and here he has taken an active and 
useful part in civic affairs, being universally 
looked upon as a man of sound judgment an'l 
practical business capacity. Prior to returning to 
Hertford he served one term as mayor of Winfall, 
and subsequently became a member of the Hert- 
ford city council, during which interval and ever 
since he has demonstrated his interest in the 
graded schools and served as a member of the 
board of trustees of tlie same from 1911 to 1917. 
In many other directions the interest he has shown 
in pul.ilic measures for the benefit of the general 
public has been very helpful. As an evidence of 
the confidence and public esteem in which he is 
held in Perquimans may be cited his seven elections 
to the office he so admirably fills. 

Mr. Edwards was married June 6, 1894, to Miss 
Pattie Valentine Rawlings, who was born in Stokes 
County, North Carolina. They have three children, 
one daughter and two sons, namely; Mildred 
Elizabeth, John Rawliugs and Walter Goodman. 
Mr. Edwards is a member of the Baptist Churcli 
while his wife and family are members of the 
Episcopal Chur(?h. Politically he is a staunch 
democrat, and fraternally he is a. Mason. 

Aside from his other interests Mr. Edwards is 
a man of independent fortune because of his 
large and profitable land holdings, aggregating 
2.30 acres, all of which he has under careful, 
scientific cultivation. Thirty acres lie in Per- 
quimans County, while 200 acres are in Gates 
County, as mentioned above. This large estate 
was a grant from the government made to his 
great-gi-eat-grandfather, Harry Goodman, one or 
the early settlers in that county, and the foumler 
of a family that through the ravages of war aud 
many periods of financial stress clung to the 



ancestral home, which is now a heritage of a 
hundred times its original value. 

Beverly Sydnor Jebman. In the field of bank- 
ing Beverly Sydnor Jermau is easily one of the 
foremost men of North Carolina. He has been 
identified with the banking and financial life of 
Raleigh for thirty-five years and for the greater 
part of that time has been connected with the 
Commercial National Bank of Kaleigh, of which he 
is president. Besides his record as a constructive 
financier the people of his home city admire him 
for his equally evident public spirit and devotion 
to everything that affects the welfare of Raleigh. 

Of a fine old South Carolina family, Beverly 
Sydnor Jerman was born November 4, 1861, at 
Ridgeway, Warren County, North Carolina, a son 
of Dr. Thomas Palmer and Lucy Beverly (Sydnor) 
Jerman. In spite of the devastation, wrought by 
the war he received good advantages both at home 
and in the Ridgeway public schools and the Wil- 
liams Academy. At the age of twenty he came to 
Raleigh and as an employe of the Citizens National 
Bank soon showed unusual capacity for every duty 
entrusted to him and was marked as a rising young 
man in the financial world. 

After ten years with the Citizens National Bank 
Mr. Jerman in 1891 assisted in the organization of 
the old Coiumercial aud Farmers Bank of Kaleigh. 
Capt. J. J. Thomas was the first president, Mr. 
Jerman cashier, and H. W. Jackson assistant 
cashiei-. In 1908, following Captain Thomas' 
death, Mr. Jerman became president and in the 
same year the institution was reorganized as the 
Commercial National Bank of Raleigh. Few banks 
in the state have had a more prosperous history 
than the Commercial National Bank. It began 
with a capital stock of $50,000, which has been 
increased to $300,000, and tliere is a surplus of 
$140,000. Since Mr. Jerman became president its 
deposits have increased from $1,000,000 to more 
than $4,000,000. Since becoming president Mr. 
Jerman has also brought about the construction of 
a new home for the Commercial National Bank, 
and this is one of the largest and most modern 
office buildings in North Carolina, the banking 
room being considered the most artistic in the 
country. 

The determination, integrity and judgment 
which have made him an aide banker have also 
brought him many other interests in the business 
and civic affairs of Raleigh. He is connected with 
the W. H. King Drug Company, the J. M. Pace 
Mule Company, the North Carolina Home Insur- 
ance Company, Enterprise Real Estate Company 
and the Parker-Hunter Realty Company. In a pub- 
lic way he has served as city treasurer and com- 
missioner of the sinking fund and his assistance 
and influence have more than once been instru- 
mental in the successful carrying out of movements 
instituted by the Chamber of Commerce, of which 
he is an active member. For a number of years 
Mr. Jerman has been treasurer and a trustee of 
the Olivia Raney Library at Raleigh. 

Ho is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Cliurch, belongs to the National Geographic 
Society, the Navy League of the United States, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Coun- 
try Club and tlie Capital Club. His favorite diver- 
sion is fishing and it is said that he rivals in skill 
and patien.ce anv of the most ardent devotees of 
that pursuit. He is a member of the Neuseco and 
several other fishing clubs. 

In 1888 Mr. Jerman married Miss Julia Borden 



90 



HISTOKY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



of Goldsboro. By that marriage he has one son, 
William Bordeu of Richmond, Virginia. In 1895 
he married Miss Iss belle Montgomery of Concord, 
North Carolina, who is survived by a daughter 
Miss Julia Borden. In 1912 he married Miss Edith 
Macdonald of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. They 
have a son Donald Sydnor and a daughter Edith 
Macdonald. 

Eev. George Willhii Lay is one of the promi- 
nent ministers of the Episcopal Church in America 
and for thirty years has devoted his time pri- 
marily to the church school, which is a real depart- 
ment of the ministerial profession. Since 1907 
he has been rector of St. Mary 's School at Raleigh. 

He was born at Huntsville, Alabama, February 
26, 1860, a son of Henry Champlin and Eliza 
Withers (Atkinson) Lay. Mr. Lay's ancestry 
might be classified as about one-fourth New 
England and three-foui'ths Virginia. It includes 
many families and individuals who have been 
prominent in the professions, in military and civil 
life, since Colonial times. He is descended from 
John Lay who settled in Lyme, Connecticut, in 
1648. His grandfather John Olmsted Lay repre- 
sented both the Lay and Olmsted families in Con- 
necticut. Through the Olmsted line he is related 
to Frederick Law Olmsted and also to the two 
Bishops Olmsted. John O. Lay, his grandfather, 
married Lucy Anna May, who was descended from 
the May, Fitzhugh, Digges and Harrison (Bran- 
don) families, all of Virginia. 

Mr. Lay 's father, Rt. Rev. Henry Champlin Lay, 
was made missionary bishop of the Episcopal 
Church in the Southwest in 1859, and during the 
Confederate Government was bishop of Arkansas. 
From 1865 to 1869 he was missionary bishop in 
Arkansas, and at the latter date was made Bishop 
of the Diocese of Easton, Maryland, where he 
remained until his death on September 17, 1885. 

Mr. Lay 's mother, Eliza Withers Atkinson, was 
a niece of Bishop Thomas Atkinson of North Caro- 
lina. She was descended from the Atkinsons, 
Pleasant, Mayo, Tabb, Poythress, Bland, Randolph, 
Withers and Granmier families, all of Virginia. 
Her first cousin is Bishop Gibson of Virginia. A 
brother of the late Bishop Henry C. Lay was 
George William Lay, who graduated from West 
Point, was General Scott 's military secretary in 
the Mexican war, and afterwards served in the 
Confederate Army. 

George William Lay of this sketch had a broad 
and liberal education for his profession. He 
attended St. Paul's School at Concord, New 
Hampshire, from 1876 to 1880, Yale College from 
1880 to 1882, receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree 
in the latter year, the General Theological Semi- 
nary of New York City from 1882 to 1885, and 
was graduated Bachelor of Divinity there in 1886. 
In 1915 he received the degree of D. C. L. from 
the ITniversity of the South at Sewanee. 

Ordained a deacon in 1885 and a priest in 1886, 
he was assistant minister at St. Paul 's Church at 
Erie, Pennsylvania, from 1885 to 1887, and assist- 
ant of St. George's Church at Newburgh, New 
York, from 1887 to 1888. His work has been in 
the schools maintained under the auspices of the 
Episcopal Church. He was master of St. Paul's 
School at Concord, New Hampshire, one of the 
foremost preparatory schools of the country from 
1888 to 1907, and since that date has been rector 
of St. Mary's School at Raleigh. From 1895 
to 1907 he was secretary of the board of missions 
of the Diocese of New Hampshire, and since com- 
ing to North Carolina has been a member of the 



Southern Educational Association and of the 
Social Service and Religious Education Commis- 
sions of the Diocese of North Carolina. He has 
been actively identified with the Raleigh Chamber 
of Commerce since 1907, and is a member of the 
North Carolina Good Roads .Association, the 
National Forestry Association, the Raleigh Natural 
History Society, and the North Carolina Academy 
of Science. He is a member of the college frater- 
nity Psi Upsilon, and of the Farmers' Union. 
Politically he is a democrat. 

On June 26, 1894, at Baltimore, Maryland, Mr. 
Lay married Anna Booth Balch, a daughter of 
Admiral George Beall and Mary Ellen (Booth) 
Balch. Admiral Balch served with Perry in the 
first Japan Expedition. Durbig the Civil war he 
commanded the Pawnee. He was superintendent 
of the Naval Academy, and at one time commanded 
the Asiatic Station or the Pacific squadron of the 
United States Navy. Mary Ellen Booth, his wife, 
of Newcastle, Delaware, was the daughter of , 
Thomas Booth and the granddaughter of Thomas 
Booth, both of whom were chief justices of Dela- 
ware. Mrs. Lay has many army and navy con- 
nections. Lieut. James Lockwood of arctic fame 
and the wife of Admiral Sigsbee are Mrs. Lay 'a 
first cousins. Mrs. Lay is president of the Raleigh 
Woman's Club for the year 1917-18. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lay have had eight children: 
George Balch, Liizabeth Atkinson, Ellen Booth, 
Anna Rogers, Lucy Fitzhugh, Henry Champlin, 
Virginia Harrison and Thomas Atkinson, the 
youngest, who died in 1915 at the age of four 
years. 

Daniel Webster Andrews. In a prominent 
place upon the list of Durham's men of business 
who have won their way to the forefront in indus- 
trial circles should be placed the name of Daniel 
Webster Andrews, u]ion whom devolve many of the 
heavy responsibilities connected with the great 
tobacco industry whose seat is at Durham. 

Mr. Andrews was born in Alamance County, 
North Carolina, June 4, 1867. His parents were 
Alexander Addison and Julia (Martindale) An- 
drews. His father was a tobacconist, and from 
early youth to the present time Daniel W. Andrews 
lias never been out of the atmosphere of that in- 
dustry. He acquired a public and private school 
education and his first regular employment was as 
a. cigarette maker. He was thus engaged with W. 
Duke Sons & Company for three years. Upon the 
organization of the American Tobacco Comjiany 
he was given the position of foreman, which he 
filled ten years, and in 1901 became superintendent 
of the Blackwell Durham branch of the American 
Tobacco Company. This is one of the largest in- 
stitutions of the kind in North Carolina. Under 
the direction of Mr. Andrews a small army of 850 
people are working in different capacities, and 
throughout the growth and development of the 
business Mr. Andrews has steadily maintained his 
position as the man best fitted for the executive 
duties of superintendent. He is well known in 
business and social circles at Durham, is a member 
and former sfeward of the Memorial Methodist 
Episcopal Oiurch, but outside of the factory he 
gives most of his time and devotion to his home 
and family. 

Mr. Andrews married February 10, 1886, Mary 
Cliristian of Durham. They are the proud parents 
of a family of twelve children named Floy, Lottie 
Thomas, Clarence Webster, Arthur Seward, Julia 
Christian, Mamie Ruth, Claiborne Lee, Nannie 
Mozelle, Clinton T., William Horace, James Addi- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



91 



sou and Mary Webster. Most of these cliildren 
are still in the home circle. The oldest, Floy, is 
the wife of W. B. DeVault of Durham. Lottie 
T. married R. C. Christmas, manager of a book 
and stationery company at Fayctteville. Clarence 
W. is a traveling salesman, and Arthur S. is a fore- 
man of the American Tobacco Comjiany. 

Walter D. Johnson. Among the enterprising 
men who liave assisted in the remarkable develop- 
ment of St. Pauls during the last decade is 
Walter D. Johnson, who is president of the W. D. 
Johnson Lumber Company, a very important indus- 
try of Bobeson County. Mr. Jolmsou was born in 
1885, in the northern part of what is now Scot- 
laud County, then Richmond County, North Caro- 
lina. His parents were Duncan McPhatter and 
Sarah Jeannette (McNatt) Johnson, both of whom 
are now deceased. 

Both the Johnson and McNatt families are of 
Scotch ancestry. The paternal line of Mr. John- 
son was founded in North Carolina by his great- 
grandfather, Neill Johnson, who came from 
Scotland before 180U and settled in what is now 
the northern part of Scotland County, the old 
Johnson home being at Fontcol, where now is 
located the modern town of Wagram. The fore- 
bears of Mr. Johnson displayed the usual fore- 
sight and good judgment attriljuted to the Scotch 
in locating in what is one of the richest and 
most productive agricultural regions of North 
Carolina. 

Duncan McPhatter Johnson was a son of Archi- 
bald Johnson and was born in North Carolina and 
died in 1895. In 1897 the Johnson family moced 
from Scotland County to Robeson County and the 
mother of Mr. Johnson died here in 1899. Her 
sister, Margaret Elizabeth McNatt, had married 
the late Lauchlin Shaw, of St. Pauls, whose death 
occurred in 1915. On the death of Duncan Mc- 
Phatter Johnson, Mr. Shaw became the guardian 
of Mr. Johnson 's children, and it was through his 
generous management and benevolent guardian- 
ship that they were afforded superior educational 
advantages and properly prepared for their future 
careers. Mr. Sliaw may be recalled as the "first 
citizen" of St. Pauls, for he was the father and 
founder of the present town. It is built on land 
that was owned by him and he was the leader and 
financial backer of the various business and indus- 
trial enterprises that, beginning with the Iniilding 
of the railroad tlirough the place in 1907, have 
made St. Pauls a remarkalile example of rapid 
growth and development. The maternal grand- 
father of Walter D. Johnson, James McNatt, was 
at one time a man of wealth and influence in 
Robeson County. He owned the land on which the 
town of Parkton now stands and thousands of 
acres surrounding. He was an extensive jilanter 
and slave owner, and during the palmy days of 
the turpentine industry was a large operator. 

Walter D. Johnson, as indicated above, was 
generously educated and in 1906 was graduated 
from Davidson College. He spent one year as a 
schoolteacher, but in 1908, in partnership witli 
Alexander R. McEachern, went into the lumber 
manufacturing business at St. Pauls and has con- 
tinued until the present, being president of the 
company that bears his name. The company owns 
a large, modern plant at St. Pauls, well equipped, 
and the business is the manufacturing of long and 
short leaf yellow pine, both rough ami dressed. 
He is also secretary and treasurer of The Ernald- 
son Manufacturing Company of St. Pauls, of the 



Hosiery Yarn & Knitting Mill, and a director of 
the Bank of St. Pauls. Mr. .Johnson in his busi- 
ness affairs and in his political and social life 
justifies the respect and esteem his fellow citizens 
entertain for him. 

Mr. Johnson was married April 23, 1913, to Miss 
Edna Duke, daughter of James C. and Margaret 
C. Duke, originally of Virginia, but now of Ham- 
let, North Carolina. They have two sons : James 
McLean Johnson and Duncan McPhatter John- 



Abel Graham Click. Practically a self-made 
man, Abel Graham Click, a prosperous and high- 
ly esteemed resident of Elkiu, Surry County, has 
in truth been the architect of his own fortunes, his 
prosperity in life being due solely to years of 
persevering industry, to keen perceptive powers, 
and to a native good sense and sound judgment 
in the management of his business affairs. He 
was born on a farm in Olin Township, Iredell 
County, North Carolina, February 1, 1858, a son 
of Godfrey Click, and grandson of John Click, 
a pioneer of the northwestern part of this state. 
His great-grandfather on the paternal side came 
from Germany to America with a brother when 
a young man, and after living a few years in 
Maryland made a permanent settlement in North 
Carolina. 

.John Click was brought up on a farm in North 
Carolina, and spent his life as an agriculturist. 
He bought a farm which included the fertile 
strip of land in Yadkin County known as Horse 
Shoe Neck, and was there engaged in his favorite 
pursuit until his death. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Raats, was also of German parentage, 
and like him spoke the German language fluently. 

A native of Davie County, Godfrey Click was 
born, in 1818, in the locality known as Horse Shoe 
Neck, and was there reared to habits of industry 
and thrift. Taking advantage of every oppor- 
tunity for advancing his knowledge, he acquired 
a good education, and as a young man taught 
school. In 1857 he bought land in Olin Township, 
and with the assistance of slaves improved a gooci 
farm. During the Civil war, in common with his 
neighbors and friends, he met with very heavy 
losses, but he continued to reside on his farm until 
after the death of his wife. Subsequently re- 
moving to Olin, he there spent his remaining days, 
dying at the age of sixty-seven years. 

The maiden name of the wife of Godfrey Click 
was Margaret Graham. She was born in Rowan 
County, a daughter of Abel Graham, a Scotch- 
Irish farmer, and a man of sterling worth and 
integrity. Slie died when liut fifty-four years old, 
leaving five children, namely : Abel Graham, Mary 
Lou, Margaret, Henry aud Ella. 

Abel Graham Click was early initiated into the 
mysteries of agriculture, as a boy assisting in the 
work of the home farm, in the meantime attending 
the short terms of the district school. He subse- 
quently continued his studies at Olin College, and 
at the age of eighteen years began life as a 
teacher, having charge of a school at Cherry Hill, 
in Davie County. Succeeding in his profession, 
Mr. Click afterwards taught in Monroe, having 
the supervision of the primary department in the 
school of which Prof. J. D. Hodges was the prin- 
cipal, and still later taught at both Athens and 
Liberty. Retiring from his profession, Mr. Click 
was for a short time a clerk in the general store 
of Richard Gwyn, in Elkin. Desirous of bettering 
his financial condition, he was clerk in a grocery 



92 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



at Statesville for awhile, from there going to Olia, 
where he was engaged iu mercantile pursuits for 
three years. 

Coming to Elkin from Olin, Mr. Click served 
for a year and a half as bookkeeper for the Elkin 
Manufacturing Company. Then, with C. H. Gwyn 
as partner, he bought the store of the Elkin Manu- 
facturing Compan}', and at the end of two years 
bought Mr. Gwyn 's interest in the concern. Two 
years later he sold a half interest in the business 
to the Chatham Manufacturing Company, and was 
made secretary, treasurer and general manager of 
the company 's business. The business being closed 
out in 1904, Mr. Click became prominent in the 
organizytion of the Elkin Veneer & Manufacturing 
Company, of which he was chosen secretary and 
treasurer. Subsequently, when the Elkin Furniture 
Company was formed, he was made general man- 
ager of the Elkin Veneer & Manufacturing Com- 
pany as well as being its secretary and treasurer, 
and a director of the Elkin Eurniture Company. 
Mr. dick has shown a marked aptitude for busi- 
ness, and in the numerous responsible positions 
which he has been called upon to fill has displayed 
rare business tact and ability. He is much inter- 
ested in fruit culture, and is now general manager 
of the extensive peach and apple orchards owned 
by the Elkin Veneer & Manufacturing Company. 

Mr. Click married, February 1, 1881, at States- 
ville. Miss Nannie A. Alexander, who was born 
near Mooresville, Iredell County, a daughter of 
Cowan and Susan Alexander. Into their j)leasant 
home four children liave been born, Willie, Eugene, 
Margaret and Harold. Mr. and Mrs. Click are 
faithful and valuer! members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, in which lie has served 
as steward, and as teacher, and superintendent of 
the Sunday school. 

Mr. Click has always evinced an intelligent in- 
terest in public affairs, and has filled with much 
acceptance various official positions. At the age 
of twenty-one years he was elected surveyor of 
Iredell County; has served as town commissioner; 
having been a member of the board when the 
water system was installed; and has likewise served 
as chairman of the Elkin Board of Road Commis- 
sioners. One of the promoters of the' Elkin and 
Alleghany Railroad, he served as secretary and 
treasurer of the company. Fraternally Mr. Click 
is a member of Elkin Lodge, No. 454, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons; of Piedmont Lodge, No. 
96, Knights of Pythias, of which he is chancellor; 
and of Elm Camp, Woodmen of the World. 

William Allen Blair, long prominent as an 
educator, civic leader and business man at Winston- 
Salem, is vice president of the People's Bank of 
Winston Salem, member of the finance committee 
of the Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company, 
and treasurer of the Slater Industrial and State 
Normal School for Colored Youth. 

Mr. Blair was born at High Point in Guilford 
County, North Carolina, where his family have 
been prominent for several generations. His 
father, Solomon I. Blair, was anative of Randolph 
County and that was also the birthplace of his 
grandfather, John Blair. The Blairs came origi- 
nally from Scotland and through many generations 
were of the Quaker faith. Solomon I. Blair was 
educated at Guilford College, taught school in 
early life, and was one of the very successful citi- 
zens of Guilford County. He "married Abigail 
Hunt. Her great-grandfather William Hunt was a 
noted preacher of the Friends Church. Her grand- 



father Nathan Hunt also a minister was connected 
with the early life and affairs of Guilford County 
and was largely instrumental in founding Guilford 
College. Samuel Hunt, father of Abigail Hunt, 
was born near High Point in Guilford County, was 
a planter, and buying a tract of land adjoining 
the old Hunt homestead was engaged in general 
farming most of his life. Solomon I. Blair, and 
wife had seven children. 

William A. Blair spent his boyhood on his 
father's farm at the edge of High Point. He grew 
up in a rural atmosphere and imbibed many inter- 
ests which have remained with hkn to this day. 
He began his education at home, prepared for col- 
lege at Guilford, and graduated A. B. from 
Haverford College in Pennsylvania, and in 1882 
with a similar degree from Harvard University. 
At Harvard he was prominent in student activities, 
won prizes in speaking contests, was interested in 
athletics, and helped to pay his university expenses 
by work as newspaper correspondent. After his 
university career he spent some time studying and 
observing the work of the schools of New England 
and Canada, and on returning home to High 
Point was elected principal of the high school. 
He gave up his school work in 188.5 to enter Johns 
Hopkins University at Baltimore, where he pur- 
sued post-graduate courses leading up to the degree 
Doctor of Philosophy. 

The following year he returned to Winston- 
Salem and at once became a powerful influence iv 
the school life of Western North Carolina. He 
taught and managed grade schools, did work in 
the State Normal Scliool, and was elected superin- 
tendent of the State Normal at Winston-Salem. 
He afterwards served as superintendent of the 
city schools and while active in the work he was 
editor of a popular educational magazine. Sun- 
day School work has always had a strong hold 
upon his interests. He has served as teacher, 
superintendent and state superintendent of the 
Sabbath School of the Friends Church. He was 
the first president of the Winston Young Men 'a 
Christian Association and has been president of 
the State Young Men's Christian Association Con- 
vention. Some of the best honors of educational 
affairs have come to Mr. Blair. He was offered 
chairs in different colleges and at one time was 
elected president of a college, but has always pre- 
ferred to concentrate his work in his home state. 

Teacliing and lecturing were his most congenial 
vocations but the possession of unusual business 
ability soon brought him into actual contact with 
business affairs. In 1890 he was elected president 
of a National Bank and has been prominent in 
North Carolina banking for many years. He has 
served as president of the State Bankers ' Associa- 
tion and has published a number of interesting 
articles on finance. In 1894 he was admitted to 
the bar. He took up the study of law not so much 
for the purpose of practicing it as a profession, 
but because of his sincere interest in the great 
subject. Perhaps he was influenced also by the 
example of his two uncles in the profession, one of 
whom became an eminent judge. 

Politically Colonel Blair is a democrat. He has 
served as secretary and treasurer of the Winston- 
Salem Chamber of Commerce, was for fourteen 
years a member of the State Board of Public 
Charities, was State Commissioner to the Paris 
Exi)Osition, and a delegate to the World 's Sunday 
School Convention in London and to the National 
Association of Charities and Corrections. At the 
inauguration of President Roosevelt he was 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



93 



appointed special aide with the rank of colonel. 
Colonel Blair is affiliated with the Masonic Order, 
is a member of the Audubon Society, the Twin 
City Club, the Forsyth County Club, the Southern 
Historical Society, the Art Collectors Club and the 
Reform Club of New York. Colonel Blair was 
married in 1895 to Miss Mary E. Fries, daughter 
of Hon. John W. Fries of Salem. 

Flemiel Oscar Carver began the practice of law 
at Roxboro in September, 1899, and has steadily 
continued to grow in stature and dignity as a man 
of the law and with ripening wisdom and maturity 
of reputation has come into a position as one of 
the first citizens of Person County. 

Mr. Carver was born at Roxboro, North Caro- 
lina, April 17, 1877, a son of .James Abraham and 
Ella (Brooks) Carver. His father long held a place 
of prominence in this county, was sheriff and treas- 
urer of the county, was postmaster of Roxboro, and 
was extensively engaged in the tobacco business and 
farming. Flemiel Oscar Carver was educated in 
-private schools, and attended both the academic 
and law departments of the University of North 
Carolina. During nearly seventeen years of law 
practice he has filled some important public offices. 
Tor four years he was city attorney of Roxboro. 
He is attorney for the Central Highway Commis- 
sion of Person County and in 1909 served as repre- 
sentative of this county in the State Legislature. 
He is a former commissioner of the Town of Rox- 
boro, a trustee of the graded schools, and in re- 
ligion is a Methodist and a member of the board 
■of trustees of the Edgar Long Memorial Church. 
He is a member of the American Bar Association. 
Mr. Carver has some farming interests which he 
looks after in addition to handling his law prac- 
tice. 

December 25, 1907, he married Eula Reams 
■Carver of Person County. Their four children are 
James Elihu, Flemiel Oscar, Jr., Jane and William 
■Gordon. 

Lauchlin McInnis. One of the men of large 
affairs in Robeson County is Lauchlin McInnis, 
president of the Bank of St. Pauls and identified 
witli many of the leading interests of this section. 
Like many other of the most substantial men of 
this part of North Carolina Mr. McInnis is of 
Scotch ancestry and goes no farther back than 
his grandfathers to find the original settlers. 
From tlie Isle of Skye, the second largest of the 
Scotch islands and the most northern of the Inner 
Hebrides, the refuge of Prince Charles in 1746 
and the home of Flora Macdonald, a name revered 
by every true Scotchman, came Angus McInnis to 
the United States. He was of sturdy build, as are 
all the men of rugged Skye, and of equally sturdy 
■ religious principles, and hence he not only sought 
a more genial climate and better agricultural con- 
ditions, but also a home for himself and his de- 
scendants where the Presbyterian faith could be 
maintained as his conscience demanded. All tliese 
conditions he found in Cumberland County, North 
Carolina, and he located permanently, in the early 
part of the nineteenth century, in Seventy-first 
Township, near old Galatia Church. 

Lauchlin Mclinnis was born near old Galatia 
Church in the western part of Cumberland County, 
North Carolina, in 187.3. His parents were Daniel 
and Ann (McFayden) McInnis, the mother dying 
in Cumberland County, North Carolina, and the 
father dying in 1886, at the age of fifty-two 
years. The McFaydens are numerous and promi- 



nent in tlie nortiiwest section of Cumberland 
County, in tlie neighborhood of Longstreet Church, 
which was founded in 1758. 

Lauchlin McInnis remained on the old farm in 
Seventy-first Township, Cumberland County, until 
1907, when he came to St. Pauls, Robeson County, 
in which year the Virginia & Carolina Southern 
Railway was extended tlirougli St. Pauls, the ad- 
vent of whi'cli was the beginning of the remarkable 
growth of tlie present modern business and indus- 
trial town, developed from a village in a pine 
thicket. Mr. McInnis was made the first agent 
for the railroad here and had charge of the com- 
pany 's business in this section for three or four 
years. He built the first store building here, on 
the site wliere now stands the Butler Supply Com- 
pany 's building. 

In 1914 Mr. McInnis went into the Bank of 
St. Pauls as cashier and discharged the duties of 
that office capably and popularly until 1916, when 
he became active vice president. In 1917 he 
retired from active inside management of the 
bank but was made president, his honorable name 
lieing a very valuable asset. He is at the head 
of a large mercantile estaldishment here and is 
greatly interested in the development of his fine 
farm, but just at present his most absorbing 
activity is tlio management as executor of the 
extensive estate, consisting of large farms, of the 
late Lauchlin Shaw, for many years a leading 
capitalist here. In this relation, as in every other, 
Mr. McInnis is considered ecjual to every re- 
sponsibility. 

Mr. McInnis was married to Miss May Gillis, 
who was born and reared in Seventy-first Town- 
ship, Clumlierland County. They have six children, 
namely: John D., David Pairley, Katherine, 
Jessie May and Margaret and Jennie, twins. Mr. 
McInnis and f.amily are members of the St. Pauls 
Presbyterian Church, in which he is an elder. He 
has long been identified with the Masonic frater- 
nity. Mr. McInnis is considered one of the most 
active, progressive and public spirited citizens of 
St. Pauls. 

Herbert Edmund Norris. Among the promi- 
nent men of Raleigh, using the term in its broad- 
est sense to indicate legal acumen, sterling char- 
acter, public beneficence, valuable civic and state 
service and upright citizenship, is Herbert Edmund 
Norris, a leading member of the Raleigh bar, an 
ex-representative and ex-senator, and a citizen who 
in various ways has contributed to the welfare 
and advancement of his city, county and state. 
Mr. Norris was born November 7, 1859, on his 
father's farm in Wake County, North Carolina, 
twenty miles southwest of Raleigh, and is a son 
of Jesse Allen and Amie Ann (Adams) Norris. 

In addition to being a farmer, Mr. Norris' fa- 
ther was a manufacturer of naval stores, and as 
the youth grew up he was called to assist in the 
cultivation of the homstead, which manual labor, 
to use the words of a contemporary biographer, 
"gave him a sound mind in a soui\d body, im- 
pressed him with the dignity and honor of labor, 
and established in him habits of industry, decision 
of character, tenacity of purpose, self reliance, 
honor and loyalty and a deep sympathy for his fel- 
low man, which, together with a worthy ambition 
and high ideals, constituted a foundation upon 
which he has builded an honorable and successful 
life. ' ' Mr. Norris secured his early education in 
the subscription schools of Wake County, following 
which he attended Lillington and Apex academies, 



94 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



and Trinity College in Randolph County, -where he 
was under the instruction of Dr. B. Craven. , He 
was graduated from the last-named institution with 
honors in 1879, receiving the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, and after reading law under the preceptor- 
ship of the late George V. Strong, of Ealeigh, 
was granted his license and admitted to the bar 
in 1881. 

Mr. Norris began the practice of his profes- 
sion at Apex, where he divided his time between 
farming and the law, but his practice grew so 
rapidly, extending into Harnett, Chatham and 
Moore counties, that he later associated his broth- 
er with him in farming and stock raising. In 1900 
he came to Ealeigh, and this city has continued 
to be his home to the present time, his practice 
having grown to large proportions. While living 
at Apex, with the assistance of the late John C. 
Angier, B. N. Duke and his associates, were 
induced by Mr. Norris to furuish the capital to 
build the railroad extending from Durham to Dunn, 
via Apex, Holly Springs and Varina. This road 
gave Apex competitive freight rates, resulting in 
the village becoming one of the most progressive 
small towns in the state, with a fine tobacco mar- 
ket, formed the incentive for the building of Va- 
rina and Fuquay Springs, each with a fine tobacco 
market, and caused a great increase in the value 
of real estate in that direction. This is known 
as the Durham & Southern Railway Company, and 
Mr. Norris has been its attorney since its building. 
Mr. Norris has been for many years a director of 
the Raleigh Banking and Trust Company. He 
was one of a committee of five selected by the 
First State Farmers' CJonvention who drafted ; 
caused to be passed l.iy tlie General Assembly the 
act creating the Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege of Ealeigh. In 1885 Mr. Norris represented 
Wake County in the North Carolina Legislature, 
and in 1892 was unanimously nominated by his 
party for the same position, but was defeated by 
the fusion ticket, which swept the state. During 
two administrations he was a member of the Board 
of Internal Improvements. He was nominated and 
elected a member of the North Carolina State 
Senate in 1903, without opposition. In 1904 he 
was a leader in the reform movement which re- 
sulted in a complete change in the management of 
county affairs along financial lines, and began 
also the agitation for the building of a county 
courthouse, which has since been done. Likewise, 
he started the movement for the founding of 
the Home for the Aged and Infirm and has ever 
since been one of that institution 's best friends. 
In 1910 he was nominated and elected solicitor of 
the Sixth Judicial District, without opposition, 
and in 1914 was renominated and elected solicitor 
of the Seventh Judicial District, also without op- 
position, a position which he now holds. His term 
of office will expire December 31, 1918. Mr. 
Norris ha.s been mentioned as the probable suc- 
cessor of E. W. Pou in Congress, and his friends 
suggest him as a successor of C. M. Cooke, judge of 
the Seventh Judicial District. Mr. Norris be- 
longs to the Tl^apital Club and to the Elks, and is 
a member of the First Ba[)tist Church of Raleigh. 
His home on Louisburg Road, north of the city 
limits, is one of the most attractive of Ealeigh, 
surrounded by a large picturesque lawn and land- 
scape, and there he and his family enjoy the 
advantages of country and city combined. 

On December 10, 1890, while living at Apex, 
Mr.' Norris was married to Miss Mary Emma 
Burns, daughter of Robert M. and Martha S. 



Burns, of Pittsboro, North Carolina. Mr. and 
Mrs. Norris have one son, Herbert Burns. He 
was born November 24, 1891, was educated at 
the Ealeigh High School and the Ealeigh Agri- 
cultural and Mechanical College, where he was a 
member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity, and 
is now an automobile salesman. On November 
24, 1910, he married Miss Minnie Huutt Eansom, 
of Raleigh, and they have one daughter: Emma 
Burns. 

WrLLiAM Penn Wood. A long and exemplary 
career has been that of William Penn Wood, who 
in his early manhood served faithfully for nearly 
three years in the Confederate army, then returned 
to the pursuits of peace in his native North Caro- 
lina county, and was in an acti%-e career as a mer- 
chant at Ashboro until he was called to the dignity 
of a state office, and for the past six years has 
been auditor of the State of North Carolina. 

Born at Ashboro, North Carolina, May 2, 1843, 
he is a son of Penuel and Calista (Birkhead) 
Wood. His youth was spent in Eandolph County, 
where he attended the public schools from 1850 
until 1861. Then as a boy of eighteen he found 
work as clerk in a general store, but in February, 
1862, stepped from behind the counter and enlisted 
in Company I of the Twenty-second North Caro- 
lina Infantry. He went in as a private, and was 
found faitlifully discharging his duties and fol- 
lowing his leader in all the many battles in which 
he was engaged. He was frequently commended 
for coolness under fire, and was promoted to 
sergeant. In the second battle of Manassas he waf 
wounded and was left to lie in the woods for a 
long time before assistance came. It was two 
weeks before he was taken to the hospital, and it 
was six months before he was able to rejoin his 
regiment. He still carries in his body the bullet 
that wounded him on that day more than half a 
century ago. He was with the Army of Northern 
Virginia at the battle of Chancelorsville, and wa» 
not far from treneral Stonewall Jackson when I hat 
great Southern leader was shot down by his own 
troops. At the battle of North Ann Eiver ha 
was captured and spent the last mouths of Mie 
war in a Federal prison at Point Lookout, not 
being released until ten days before the surrender. 
Mr. Wood has served as major on the general staff 
of the Confederate Veterans' Association and is 
%ice president of the North Carolina Soldiers' 
Home of Ealeigh. 

With the close of the war he returned to his old 
home at Ashboro, took up work as clerk in a 
general store, but in 1873 established a general 
merchandise business of his own. He has been a 
merchant there steadily for more than forty years 
and still owns the business. He is also a director 
in one of North Carolina's raUway lines, and until 
a few years ago actively operated a farm near 
his home town. 

For several years he served as city treasurer and 
alderman of Ashboro, being treasurer of the fown 
from 1880 to 1888, and treasurer of Randolph 
County from 1890 to 1894. He represented his 
home county and Moore County in the State 
Senate of 1901, and was a member of the Legisla- 
tures of 1905 and 1907 from Randolph County. He 
is a member of the Randolph County Busine.ss 
Men's Club. In October, 1910, the Demoeratie 
State Executive Committee nominated him to fill 
a vacancy on the ticket as state auditor, and at 
the general election of the following November 
he was elected and has filled the office consecutively 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



95 



down to the present time. He was re-elected in 
1912, and again in 1916, his present term expiring 
in 1920. It'is said that during his official tenure 
of tlie office more than $20,000,000 have passed 
through his hands, and not a siug-Je penny has 
been unaccounted for. / 

Outside of his business and public duties Mr. 
Wood has been distinguished for his long and 
conscientious devotion to the Mefliodist Episcopal 
Church. He was a steward in his home church 
continuously from 1866 until 1910. He is a Royal 
Arch Mason, a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics. He also 
belongs to the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, the 
Young Men's Christian Association and the Capi- 
tal Club. 

On September 4, 1872, he married Miss Etta 
Gunter, who died about twenty years ago. His 
three cliildren are: Blanche Penn, wife of John 
O. Redding, a manufacturer at A^hboro; John 
Kerr, a merchant at Ashboro, and Mabel Emma, 
■wife of William A. Underwood, a druggist of Ash- 
boro. 

WiLLUJt D.\NIEL Merritt. Among the neces- 
sary qualifications set forth in old English law in 
reference to securing eminence in tliat profession, 
was the primary necessity of being "a scholar and 
a gentleman." According to American standards 
of the present day, this is also a requisite in many 
other lines, but it undoubtedly continues especially 
applicable to the law and examples are not hard 
to find among those who have become really notable 
at the bar. We may be permitted to piention in 
this connection, William Daniel Merritt, county 
attorney of Person County, and for many years a 
leading member of the Eoxboro bar. 

William Daniel Merritt was born in Person 
County, North Carolina. January .31, 1872. His 
parents were Dr. William and Mary Catherine 
(Hamlett) Merritt. Doctor Merritt was one of the 
distinguished men of North Carolina. He was grad- 
uated in 18.51 from the University of A'irginia and 
subsequently from Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia. In 18.5.3 he established himself in 
the practice of his profession at Roxboro, North 
Carolina, and this city remained his home until his 
death in 1904. He was particularly successful as a 
physician and loved his work, ever maintaining its 
dignity and ethics. While readv to respond to every 
call for help and particularly self-sacrificing as 
was evidenced during the serious smallpox epidemic 
at one time, when he went among tlie sufferers and 
waited upon them with his own hands, no one can 
ever recall that he sent a bill for his professional 
services during his entire career. As one of the 
strong men of the state he was called into public 
life in 1868, as a member of the Constitutional 
Convention, and subsequently was elected to the 
State Senate from the Seventeenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict. 

William D. Merritt had both social and educa- 
tional advantages. After completing his course at 
Bethel Hill Institute, a well known educational in- 
stitution of Person County, he entered the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina and was graduated in the 
class of 1895 and completed his course in the law 
department of the university in 1896. In the same 
year he entered into general practice at Roxboro 
and this city has remained the princijial field of his 
activities ever since. 

Many professional honors and successes have 
come to Mr. Merritt through his legal ability, and 



many others through his active public spirit and 
his interest in forwarding public and industrial 
enterprises that have been of great benefit to this 
section. Serving now as attorney for Person 
County, he previously served as city attorney and 
also as a solicitor of the Fifth Judicial District, 
and in 1896 was elected a presidential elector from 
the Fifth Congressional District, an unusual honor 
and acknowledgment of high personal merit in so 
young a man. Later he was elected a member of 
the board of town commissioners and still later 
of the county board of education, and was made 
chairman of the latter. For two years Mr. Merritt 
served in the important office of superintendent of 
public instruction of Person County, in all these 
public positions being particularly useful and ef- 
ficient because of his thorough knowledge of the 
law as well as his general scholarship. Mr. Merritt 
has built up a substantial private practice through 
which his name is favorably known all over the 
county. He is a director of the Roxboro Cotton 
Mills, a director of the Laui-a Cotton Mills in 
Durham County, and director and also attorney of 
the Peoples Bank of Roxboro. 

Mr. Merritt was married October 28, 1908, to 
Miss Mary Josephine Cole, of Danville, Virginia. 
They have two sons, William Daniel and John 
Wesley. Mr. Merritt and family belong to the 
Edgar Long Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, in which he is a member of the board of 
stewards. 

Gen. Fr.\nk A. BoxD is a widely known citizen 
both in North Carolina and in Maryland. He 
was formerly adjutant general of Maryland, and 
from that state, his own native place and the 
home of his ancestry for generations, he made 
his distinguished record as a Confederate soldier 
and officer. 

General Bond has for years been an enthusiastic 
hunter and all around sportsman, keenly alive 
to all the attractions and pursuits of the outdoors 
and the forest. As a hunter he has made numer- 
ous expeditions throughout the game preserves of 
North Carolina, and in '1902 he sold his property 
in Maryland and coming to Robeson County, 
North Carolina, bought a tract of land upon which 
he established "Hunter's Lodge," which has since 
become widely famous as a rendezvo«s for hunters 
and sportsmen from all parts of both the North 
and South. Hunter 's Lodge is situated on the 
Seaboard Air Line Railway in Raft Swamp Town- 
ship, about half way between Lumberton and 
Pembroke, five miles each way. It is sujjplied 
with mail from Lmuberton postoffice. 

Genera! Bond on coming here built a residence 
for himself and family and around nearby a num- 
ber of typical hunters ' cabins and other buildings 
for the accommodation of sportsmen and their 
retinue. General Bond maintains all the facili- 
ties for the perfect pursuit of the hunting pastime, 
including numerous foxhounds and bird dogs, 
horses, mules and vehicles, and expert guides who 
know every foot of the surrounding swamps and 
thick forests. This environment presents as 
nearly an ideal hunting preserve as can be found 
in America. Some of the most noted sportsmen 
and successful hunters in this and other countries 
come to Hunter's Lodge everj' winter for their 
sport. General Bond and his wife have become 
greatly beloved characters with their guests and 
have furnished ideal hospitality and most con- 
genial accommodations. The home and its sur- 
roundings, set in the depths of the forest, with 



96 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



the guides, the yelping and ever anxious dogs, the 
guns and parajiherualia, present an atmosphere of 
the hunt aord the chase that are irresistible to the 
true sjiortsnian. The interior of the home, 
especially the great dining room, with its large 
wood tireplace, the Ipng table brilliant with glass 
and china and silver, is a picture ot comfort and 
cheer that would be attractive under any condi- 
tions, but is doubly inviting to the man who has 
spent all day out of doors. Besides keeping up 
this charming sportsman 's headquarters General 
Boud operates a iarm, and has some extensive 
fields of cotton and corn. 

General Bond was born at Bel Air in Harford' 
County, Maryland, in 1838, son of William Brown 
Bond. In the paternal line he is of pure Englisli 
stock. His ancestors in England were soldiers 
under Cromwell. At the restoration of King- 
Charles II they found it advisable to come to 
America, and made settlement in the Colony of 
Maryland. William Brown Bond was born at Bel 
Air in Harford County, sou of Samuel Bond, who 
served as high sheriff of that county in 1798. 
From Harford County the Bond family removed 
to Jessups in Howard County in 18.57. William 
Brown Boud was a planter, also a very able law- 
yer, and for several years was state 's attorney of 
Harford County. 

General Bond was well educated and reared in 
a home of distinctive culture and refinement. He 
was twenty-three years old when the war broke out 
and was ca|itain of a company of infantry of the 
Maryland National Guard. He went to Virginia 
in May, 1861, and enlisted as a private in the 
First Virginia Cavalry and General Bond was on 
constant duty, accepting every hazard and risk 
of a soldier 's career with this organization until 
he was severely wounded at Hagerstown. That 
precluded further active service in the field. He 
was at the first battle of Bull Run as a private. 
On August 1, 1861, he was promoted to lieutenant 
at Fairfax, Virginia. About that time lie and 
others organized Company A of the First Mary- 
land Cavalry, and in November, 1862, was jiro- 
moted to captain of the company. At the battle 
of Gcttysliurg he was in the thickest of the fight 
throughout the three days and under the personal 
orders of General Ewell, one of the three corps 
commanders under General Lee. During the re- 
treat from Gettysburg at Hagertown, Ca]itain 
Bond with only a handful of men met and routed 
a large force of Federal troops that had followed 
along after the Confederates. It was a brilliant 
cavalry charge and achieved all that was expected, 
but Captain Bond himself was badly wounded 
and disabled. While thus wounded he was cap- 
tured by the enemy a few days later and im- 
prisoned at Fort McHenry. While in that prison 
he met and became a friend of Colonel, afterwards 
General Leaventhorpe of North Carolina. After 
they were exchanged, on the invitation of General 
Leaventhorpe, Captain Bond became adjutant 
general with the rank of major in Leaventhorpe 's 
North Carolina Brigade. As such he was on duty 
in North Carolina until paroled at the close of 
the war at Greensboro with General Johnston 's 
army. 

Perhaps the best testimony to General Bond 's 
efficiency as a soldier is found in an interesting 
letter which for nearly half a century has been 
carefully kept by General Bond among his papers 
and possessions. This letter, dated September 12, 
1871, was written by the late Burton N. Harrison, 
private secretary to President Jefferson Davis of 



the Confederacy. At the time Mr. Harrison was 
practicing law in New York City, ,and in this 
letter he certifies that while he was acting as 
private secretary to the president of the Con- 
federacy a ijetition signed by the privates, non- 
commissioned and commissioned officers (except 
Captain Boud himself) of the First Maryland 
Cavalry Regiment, requested the appointment of 
Capt. Frank A. Bond, Junior Captain of the 
Regiment, as colonel in place of Col. Ridgely 
Brown, who had recently died. Mr. Harrison in 
the letter further stated that the petitioners ex- 
pressed the utmost regard for and confidence in 
Captain Bond as a soldier, officer and comrade, 
and affirmed that he was fully qualified by 
experience, fortitude, gallantry and skill as an 
officer to command the regiment in the capacity 
of colonel. Mr. Harrison mentioned in the letter 
that lie himself called President Davis' attention 
to the petition at the time as a remarkable tribute 
to the merits «of Captain Bond, in whom, to quote 
the words of the letter, he ' ' then and now" feels 
a most friendly interest." The Harrison letter 
stated that the petition was referred by the presi- 
dent to the secretary of war for official action. 

This letter has still another feature of interest, 
perhaps even more than what has been quoted. 
On the last page of Mr. Harrison 's communication 
is an endorsement written by Mr. Davis 
himself, dated November 6, 1871, at Memphis, 
Tennessee, and reading as follows: "Though 
I do not recollect the petition referred to by my 
former secretary Mr. Burton N. Harrison, my 
knowledge of his cliaracter does not permit me to 
doubt the accuracy of his statement. An applica- 
tion by a whole regiment to have a junior captain 
])ro)noted to be its colonel is such an extraordinary 
testimonial and appreciation as must be conclu- 
sive of the question of meritorious service. ' ' 
(Signed) "Jefferson Davis." 

A word of explanation is required as to the 
fate of this petition. It was presented about 
the time Captain Bond was badly wounded and 
disabled at Hagerstown, as above noted, and as a 
result of his wound and subsequent imprisonment 
the vacancy had to be filled by another appoint- 
ment so that it never devolved upon the authori- 
ties of the Confederate War Department to for- 
mally take up and answer the petition. 

After the war General Bond returned to the 
old ])lantation at Jessups and was actively engaged 
in farming there for many years. His successful 
position as a planter and his fine record as a 
soldier naturally made him a prominent public 
figure and for eight years he had the honor to 
.serve as adjutant general of Maryland. He first 
served under appointment from Gov. James 
Black Groome and by second appointment from 
Gov. John Lee Carroll. 

General Bond married Miss Elizabeth P. Hughes. 
Her grace and dignity and efficiency have served 
to add many of the charms to the Hunter's Lodge. 
Mrs. Bond was born in West Virginia, but was 
reared in Maryland, where she and the general 
vpere married. 

Alexander Maktin Sjiith. A man of distinc- 
tive energy, sound judgment, and rare business 
qualifications, Alexander Martin Smith, a promi- 
nent shoe manufacturer and tanner of Elkin, Surry 
County, North Carolina, has gained prestige in in- 
dustrial circles, and won a splendid success in the 
business world — his prosperity in life being due 
entirely to his own efforts. Self supporting since 




^ ^7^Zy(^. ^^^ .^^.^^^^^^ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



97 



his boyhood days, he has surely been the archi- 
tect of his own fortunes, and a brief resume of 
his life may be of interest and benefit to the 
younger people of this and succeeding generations. 

He was born April 3, 1867, on a plantation in 
the historic Charlotte County of Virginia. In this 
county both his mother, Hallie Lawson, and liis 
father. Captain Jack Smith, and his grandfather, 
John I). Smith, were born and reared. The Smith 
ancestors came from Georgia — having belonged 
to the family of Smiths from which the famous 
Bill Arp sprung. On the maternal side he is 
descended ilirectly from two famous Virginia 
families, his grandmother being Angeline Mar- 
shall, a direct descendant of the noted jurist, John 
Marshall; his grandfather, George Lawson, a man 
proudly inheriting the traits of this noble and 
ancient English family. 

His father, Jack Smith, was noted for his 
energy and public spirit, being an insiairation for 
education and all forward movements in his 
county. He served gallantly in the Confederate 
Army, having been made captain for conspicuous 
service at the battle of Gettysburg. As most 
Southern families of note, Mr. Smith 's family 
were cripi>led financially at the close of the war, 
having dedicated their means as well as theif 
sons, fathers and brothers to the Lost Cause. So 
this made it necessary for Alexander M. Smith 
to stop school at an early age, for we find him at 
the age of twelve years a clerk in a general coun- 
try store at Cole 's Ferry, Virginia. Much of the 
trade at that point was with farmers, many of 
whom, after doing a day 's work, came a long dis- 
tance to buy supplies, the store often being open 
until midnight, making the lad's day many hours 
long. 

After four years in this position he went to 
Lynchburg, Virginia, and was employed as a ship- 
ping clerk by Witt & Watkins, wholesale shoe 
dealers. He worked in the house one year and 
then went ' ' on the road " as a " drummer boy ' ' 
for the firm. He kept this position for nine years. 
At the end of this time he went into business with 
Berry, Gilliam & Co., and travelled for the house. 

In 1892 Mr. Smith came to Elkin, Surry County, 
North Carolina, and established a tannery and 
shoe factory on the banks of the Elkin Creek, be- 
ginning in a small way with $600 worth of second 
hand machinery, six vats in the tan yard, and a 
force of eight men. Previous to this time, several 
shoe factories had been started in the South, each 
one jjroving a failure, so failure with a capital F 
was predicted for Mr. Smith. Evidently he thought 
it a risky venture, as he continued as a travelling 
salesman for two years. With the qualities of 
unbounded energy, courage, hope and sterling hon- 
esty, Mr. Smith 's effort could only spell success. 
He had the ambition to make the longest lived 
shoe in America and he succeeded. Throughout 
the Piedmont and mountain sections of North 
Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee, Elkin Shoes are 
household words. The brand ' ' Elkin Home Made 
Shoe " is a guarantee to the working peo])le, and 
to them means a more lasting and better wearing 
shoe than anybody else can make. The merchants 
say the farmers demand them. Mr. Smith 's 
motto was, ' ' Not how much money I can make 
out of a pair of shoes, but how mucli real service 
and durability I can put into a pair. ' ' He holds 
to the Emersonian idea that if you can do any- 
thing better than somebody else the world will 
make a beaten path to your door; and this has 
been literally true. For many years Mr. Smith 
Vol. rv— 7 



employed no salesmen and the shoes actually sold 
themselves. 

In 1909, owing to the demands of constantly in- 
creasing business, Mr. Smith erected a modern 
brick factory and tannery, equipped throughout 
with the most up-to-date and approved machinery. 
All the leather used in the shoes is tanned in his 
yard. 

Mr. Smith has been three times married. He 
married first, in 1892, Miss Frances Gwyn of El- 
kin, a daughter of Richard and MoUie Dickinson 
Gwyn. On the paternal side Mrs. Smith was a 
descendant of Gen. William Lenoir and Col. 
Thomas Lenoir of Revolutionary fame. Both the 
Gwyns and Lenoirs have been conspicuous names in 
the history of Western North Carolina for gen- 
erations, members of the family holding the most 
responsible positions in public and private life 
throughout the years. Mrs. Smith passed to the 
higher life in 1896, leaving two children, Richard 
Gwyn and Harriet Marshall. The second time Mr. 
Smith married Carrie Gwyn, a daughter of 
Thomas and Amelia (Dickinson) Gwyn of Elkin, a 
double first cousin of the first wife. She lived 
but one short year after their marriage. 

In 1902 Mr. Smith was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Purcell of Red Springs, North Carolina, a 
daughter of John Edwin and Cornelia McCal- 
hmi Pureell of Robeson County. Both Mrs. 
Smith 's maternal and paternal ancestors have 
been influential in the history of the Cape Fear 
section of North Carolina since Colonial days, 
and her kinfolk on both the McCallum and Pur- 
cell side are still making history for that fine 
Scotch section of ' ' the Old North State, ' ' proving 
that no peoples are the superiors and few the 
equals of the ' ' Scotch Irish. ' ' 

Mr. Smith is a man of great modesty and of a 
most retiring disposition, so his name has been 
very little in the public eye. His influence, though, 
is felt in the community and he is unquestionably 
on the right side, and invariably his heart is in 
the right place, and his hand reaches to his 
pocket book for the public good even when he has 
nothing to say. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith and children are members 
of tlie Methodist Episcopal Church, and generous 
contributors to its support. Mr. Smith has been 
a prodigal giver, among his larger donations hav- 
ing been one of $10,000 to the Orphanage in Win- 
ston-Salem and one of $5,000 to a hospital in 
Huchow, China, and a recent gift of $2,000 to the 
superannuate members of the Western North Caro- 
lina Conference. He likewise pays the salary and 
expenses of Doctor Manget, the physician in charge 
of the institution. 

Samukl W. Cromer. Almost continuously from 
the day he was released from a northern prison at 
the close of the war between the states, Samuel W. 
Cromer has been engaged in merchandising, and 
through an active half century he has tasted of 
satisfying success and those honors and the posi- 
tion due to the substantial business man and pub- 
lic spirited citizen. 

Mr. Cromer was born on a farm at Round 
Meadows in Montgomery County, Virginia, March 
.3, 1842. He is of German ancestry. His grand- 
father was born in Germany, and on coming to 
America located in Montgomery County, Virginia, 
where the rest of his life was spent. He died com- 
paratively young, leaving his wife a widow with 
several children to care for. Eight years after his 
death she went West to live with a daughter. 



98 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



William Cromer, father of Samuel W., was born 
in Montgomery County, Virginia, and his birth 
occurred four months after his father 's death. 
Thus deprived of a father 's care he came face to 
face with the serious responsibilities of life at a 
very early age. When his mother went West he 
remained in Montgomery County with an older 
brother, and he soon put his strength to test in a 
self-supporting career. Fortunately he had been 
reared to good habits, was industrious, and being 
thrifty he saved his earnings and a few years after 
his marriage was able to buy a small farm. This 
was subsequently sold in order to buy a larger one. 
In his ambition to provide for his family he went 
to the extreme in hard woik, frequently exposed 
himself, and finally lost his health. At the age of 
fifty-six he sold his farm and bought a home in 
the Village of Auburn. Later he exchanged that 
for a small tract of land adjoining the village 
and lived there quietly until his death at the age 
or seventy-eight. The maiden name of his wife 
was Deborah Lucas. She was a native of Mont- 
gomery County, Virginia, daughter of Samuel and 
Catherine (Davis) Lucas and member of an old 
Virginia family. The Lucases owned and occupied 
a farm in the locality known as Rough and Ready 
in Montgomery County. Mrs. William Cromer 
died at the age of fifty-six. Her eight children 
were Mary, Andrew, Samuel W., Virginia, Charles, 
Olivia, Eveline and Franklin. 

When the work of the home farm did not require 
his attention Samuel W. Cromer attended the 
country schools, and in that way he spent liis years 
until he was eighteen. At that age he became 
clerk in a general store at Auburn, and was mak- 
ing fair progress toward independence as a busi- 
ness man when the war broke out and in 1861 he 
left the counter to enlist in Company F of the 
Eleventh Virginia Infantry. Many times he was 
in the thickest of the fighting, he marched many 
weary miles, and he experienced all the liardships 
of a soldier's life and all its dangers. Neverthe- 
less he escaped any serious injury. Once a bullet 
grazed his arm biit without making it necessary 
for him to leave the ranks. On the first of April, 
1865, he was captured l)y the enemy and taken to 
Point Lookout, Maryland, where he was retained a 
prisoner of war until June. 

On being released he returned home becoming 
clerk in store at Christiansburg, Virginia, later he 
opened a store at New Port, Tennessee, and after 
about fifteen months of successful merchandising 
he returned to Auburn, Virginia, where he organ- 
ized a tobacco and mercantile business. From 
there he removed to DanvUle, Virginia, where he 
was in the livery and mercantile business. Sold 
out there in 1892 and opened his present business, 
wholesale grocery, being twenty-five years in busi- 
ness at Winston-Salem. 

Mr. Cromer was married January 12, 1870, to 
Miss Mary Rowena Jack, a native of Tennessee, 
and a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Dewitt) 
.Tack. Mr. aiul Mrs. Cromer have reared five chil- 
dren: William Jack, who married Selina Reid; 
Charles Dewitt, who married Carrie L. Crutehfield 
and has two daughters, Alice Rowena and LilUan 
RufBn; Elizabeth D., who is the wife of John L. 
Brugh, associated with Mr. Cromer in the business; 
Mary B., wife of C. R. King, and Clarence F., who 
is unmarried. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cromer are active members of the 
Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church at Winston- 
Salem. He is one of its trustees while his son 
Charles is on the board of stewards. Mr. Cromer 



is afliliated with Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, and Winston Chapter 
No. 24, Royal Arcli Masons, and mingles with old 
army comrades in Norfleet Camp of the United 
Confederate Veterans. 

Edward Ch.\mbers Smith, son of William N. 
H. Smith, chief justice of North Carolina 1878- 
1889, and Mary Olivia (Wise) Smith, was born 
at Murfreesboro, North Carolina, August 21, 1857. 
He was prepared for college at Gait 's School at 
Norfolk, Virginia, at the Lovejoy Academy, in 
Raleigh, and at the famous Bingham (Military) 
School then at Mebane, North Carolina. In 1877 
he entered Davidson College, from which he was 
graduated with honors in 1881. While at David- 
son he became a member of the Kappa Alpha 
(Southern) fraternity, and in the general conven- 
tion of that fraternity at Atlanta in 1881 he was 
awarded the essayist's medal over twenty-five com- 
petitors from southern colleges, and in the same 
year he was awarded the debaters ' medal by his 
college. His interest in his fraternity continued 
after the close of his college career, and from 
1901 to 1911, and from 1912 to 1913 he served as 
knight commander, the highest official in the na- 
tional fraternity. 

In 1882 Mr. Smith entered the Law School of 
tlie University of Nortli Carolina under the late 
Dr. John Manning, and in 1883 completed his law 
course at the University of Virginia under the late 
Dr. John B. Minor, thus having the advantage of 
being prepared for his profession under two of 
the greatest law teachers of their generation. In 
1883 lie was admitted to the bar of North Caro- 
lina and became associated with Fuller and Snow, 
a leading legal firm at Raleigh, with whom he con- 
tinued in practice until 1890. Since then he has 
practiced his profession alone, building up an 
extensive clientele as a corporation lawyer. He 
was for many years attorney for the North Caro- 
lina Car Company, the Caraleigh Cotton Mills, and 
the Caraleigh Phosphate and Fertilizer Works. In 
each of these corporations he is a director. He is 
also a director in the North Carolina Home In- 
surance Company, the King Drug Company, Farm- 
ers Cotton Oil Company, and other corporations. 
He was state 's proxy in the North Carolina Rail- 
way Company, and afterwards served for many 
years on its board of directors, and as chairman 
"of its finance committee, of which he is still a 
member. 

Mr. Smith has always taken an active interest 
in public affairs. His political affiliations are 
with the democratic party. From 1886 to 1896 
he served as a member of the State Board of 
Internal Im'provements. In 1888 he served as an 
alderman of the City of Raleigh, and at the same 
time as chairman of" the Wake County Democratic 
Executive Committee. His success in this small 
field led to his election in 1890 as chairman of 
the State Democratic Executive Committee, and as 
such he successfully directed one of the most im- 
portant political campaigns in the history of North 
Carolina, involving among other important results, 
tlie re-election of Zebulon Baird Vance to the 
United States Senate. He was re-elected in 1892 
but had to decline. In 1888, 1892, and 1904 he 
was one of the delegates from North Carolina to 
the national democratic conventions, and served as 
chairman of the rules committee in the convention 
of 1888, and as a member of the platform commit- 
tee in the convention of 1904. In 1915, without 




J^^\ 




HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



99 



solicitation on his part, Mr. Smith was appointed 
by Governor Craig as member and was elected as 
chairman of the North Carolina Fisheries Commis- 
sion Board, created by the General Assembly of 
1915 with full control over the regulations of the 
fishing industry in North Carolina. In this ca- 
pacity he has rendered conspicuous service to the 
state in the development of this important in- 
dustry. 

On January 12, 1892, Mr. Smith was married 
to Miss Annie Badger Faison, a granddaughter of 
George E. Badger, distinguished as a lawyer, cab- 
inet official, and senator. They have five children, 
one girl and four boys, three of whom are (1918) 
in the military and naval service of the United 
States Government, while a fourth is in training 
at the Virginia Military Institute. 

John Jay Bl.^ik, widely known over the state 
as a prominent educator, has been superintendent 
of the city schools of Wilmington since January, 
1899. In tliat period of eighteen years he has 
been a thoughtful and energetic leader in the 
improvements and uplift of the city school sys- 
tem, and at the same time has identified himself 
closely with general educational movements. 

Mr. Blair was born at High Point in Guilford 
County, North Carolina, and is a graduate of 
Haverford College in Pennsylvania. His first im- 
portant work as a school man was done at Win- 
ston, where he was principal of the high school 
and subsequently superintendent of the city school 
system. From there he came to Wilmington, as 
already noted. 

Mr. Blair is president of the North Carolina 
State Teachers' Association, an office which in 
itself indicates his standing in educational cii-cles. 
He is also president of the City Superintendents' 
Association. 

Joseph H. Phillips for niauy years was ac- 
tively identified with the lumber industry in and 
around Winston-Salem, and operated also lum- 
ber businesses in several adjoining towns. His 
family is one of the very earliest to locate in 
Forsyth County, North Carolina. The City of 
Winston-Salcm lost an esteemed citizen through 
the death of Mr. Phillips on April 10, 1917. 

Mr. Phillips was born at Waughtown, Septem- 
ber 3, 1866. Tracing his ancestry back several 
generations he is a descendant of John and Ann 
Phillips, whose son David Phillips was born Feb- 
ruary 1, 1781. David married Sarah Pike, who 
was born September 9, 1780, a daughter of Nathan 
and Elizabeth Pike. Both the PhilliiJS and Pike 
families were among the pioneers of what is now 
Forsyth County. Joseph Phillips, a son of David 
and grandfatlier of Joseph H., was born in what 
is now Forsyth County December 6, 1801. He 
owned and occupied a farm in Broad Bay Town- 
ship, and died there October 8, 18.53. The maiden 
name of his wife was Eebecca Wright, and she 
was a daughter of Charles and Mary Wright and 
was born October 29, 1803, and died January 28, 
1875. Both she and her husband were active 
members of the Primitive Baptist Church. Their 
two children were named William W. and Craw- 
ford Tatnm. 

Crawford Tatum Phillips, father of Joseph H., 
was born in Broad Bay Township of Forsyth 
County and during his early manhood served an 
apprenticeship in Phillip Nissen 's wagon factory. 
Later he enlisted and served during the war be- 
tween the states in Company E of the Twenty- 



first Begimeut, North Carolina Troops. When 
the war was over he resumed work at his trade 
in the Nissen factory, and continued there until 
1876. In that year he bought a farm at Union 
Cross in Abbott 's Creek Township and from that 
time forward until his death, at the age of fifty- 
seven, he applied his efforts successfully to gen- 
eral farming. He married Lucinda Spach, who 
was born in Broad Bay Township, a daughter of 
Christian and Mrs. (Swain) Spach. She was a 
lineal descendant of Adam Spach, ancestor of 
many of the best known families in Western 
North Carolina. Crawford T. Phillips and wife 
reared seven children: Josepli Hilton, Samuel 
L., Nancy E., Lucius D., John R., Mary Magda- 
lene and Charles Isaac. 

When Joseph II. Phillips was ten years of age 
his parents moved out to the farm, and he grew 
up in a country atmosphere, getting his knowl- 
edge largely through country schools. Soon after 
he was eighteen years of age he married and re- 
moved to Walnut Cove, where for a few years he 
had a mercantile experience. It was with rather 
limited capital that he entered the lumber in- 
dustry. He bought a portable sawmill and a tract 
of standing timber, and for several years used 
his mill in converting that timber into merchant- 
able lumber. He operated in that way until 
189.J, when he sold his mill and began dealing in 
lumber at Winston-Salem. He had as a partner 
M. D. Smith, and subsequently they incorporated 
the business. After two years in the corporation 
Mr. Phillips sold his interest, but soon afterward 
resumed business on his own account. He estab- 
lished a yard at Centerville and another at West 
Highland, and these yards he conducted until his 
death, supplying practically all the lumber 
used in those communities. 

Mr. Phillips was first married in 1884 to Miss 
Virginia Willard, who was born in Guilford 
County, a daught<?r of Joseph Willard. She died 
in 1899. For his second wife Mr. Phillips mar- 
ried Carrie Pardue, who was born in WUkes 
County, a daughter of William and Susan (Adams) 
Pardue, both of whom spent all their lives in 
Wilkes County, where her father was an active 
farmer. Mrs. Phillips' brother, Elbert Martin, 
was a soldier in the Confederate army. 

By his first marriage Mr. Phillips had three 
children: Cora, Carrie and Percy. There are also 
three children of the second marriage, Pansy, 
Ollie and Stokes P. The daughter Cora is the 
wife of J. Wilbur Crews, and her four children 
are Sherrell, Alline, Selina and Eloise. Carrie 
married Alvin W. Linville and had two children, 
Joseph Dwiglit and Dorris. Percy by his mar- 
riage to Lulu Hastings has a daughter, Kathleen 
A'irginia. Pansy May is the wife of Beecher Heit- 
man. 

Mr. Phillips took an active part in Masonry, 
having been past master of Winston Lodge No. 
167, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; past 
high priest of Winston Chapter No. 21, Royal 
Arch Masons; past eminent commander of Pied- 
mont Commandery No. 6, Knights Templar- and 
he was also affiliated with Oasis Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine at Cliarlotte. 

Alfred Augustus Thompson. There is a class 
of individuals who, in their own localities, are 
naturally conceded leadership in public and private 
enterprises, this industrial power being conferred 
by popular recognition of superior ability. Talents 
of a diversified nature prepare these men to lead 



91004A- 



100 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



enterprises of a varied nature, and they are, 
therefore, placed in a position to render highly 
valued service to their communities, wliile secur- 
ing for themselves a competence sufficient to their 
needs. By promoting ventures of an industrial 
and financial nature and through his direct service 
as a public official, Alfred Augustus Thompson, 
of Raleigh, has accomplished just such a double 
result of his labors. He has been a resident of 
the Capital City of North Carolina for nearly 
forty-five years, and in this time has not only 
risen to prominence in the cotton industry, but 
has served as the chief executive of the city. 

Mr. Thompson was born near Pittsboro, Chat- 
ham County, North Carolina, February 24, 1852, 
and is a soii of George \V. and Cornelia E. (Marsh) 
Thompson, the latter of whom lived at Ashboro, 
Randolph County, prior to her marriage. His 
education was secured in the public schools of his 
native county and his early manhood was passed 
on the farm, ' ' amid field and forest, in a country 
beautiful for situation." He was still a young 
man when he came to Raleigh and became identi- 
fied with the cotton industry. His start in this 
direction was a modest one, but his energy, Indus 
try and inherent al)ility won him promotion from 
one position of trust and responsibility to another, 
until at this time he is president of two of the 
leading mills of this part of the state, the Raleigh 
and the Caraleigh cotton mills. Various other 
enterprises have had the benefit of his good judg- 
ment, foresight and acumen, and in addition to 
'other ventures identified with the industrial life 
of the capital city, he is vice president of the 
Commercial National Bank. 

In the civil life of the capital he has been a 
prominent figure. He was mayor when the office 
of chief executive of the City of Oaks was com- 
bined with that of judge of the municipal court, 
and his administration was characterized not only 
by business-like handling of the city 's affairs, but 
by a strict interpretation of the law as regarding 
offenders. During his career he has developed 
into one of the most forceful orators of the capital, 
and his voice is frequently heard from the rostrum 
in public speeches supporting movements for the 
benefit of his adopted city. 

Mr. Thompson is a member of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Raleigh, of which he is a deacon, 
and has taken an active part in its work. With 
his interesting family, he resides in a beautiful 
home in New Bern Avenue. 

L. E. Rabb. The manufacture of furniture has 
been brought to a high state of perfection as to 
appearance, comfort and utility, and one of the 
leading men in this and in other industrial lines 
in Caldwell Countv, is L. E. R-abb, secretary, treas- 
urer and manager of the Royal Furniture Company 
at Lenoir, and the Caldwell Furniture Company 

at Valmead. ■ /, » v 

Mr. Rabb was born near Newton, in Catawba 
Countv North Carolina. His parents were J. 
Frank" and Sarah (Arndt) Rabb, the former being 
deceased. The Rabb family came to North Caro- 
lina from Pennsvlvania, at a very early day and 
on account of their numbers, they called their 
place of settlement the Rabb community. They 
have always been a quiet, frugal, industrious people 
and wherever the name is found today, there wiU 
also be found independent means, sterling honesty 
and good citizenship. In the grandfather's family 
there were two sons whose achievements, one m 
business and the other in public life, carried their 



names into other sections, J. Frank and Col. George 
W. Rabb. 

J. Frank Rabb was born in Catawba County 
and after his school days, adopted farming as his 
vocation. For many years he carried on large 
agricultural operations in his native county and 
then became interested in a mercantile enterprise 
at Lenoir. Having removed from Catawba to 
Caldwell County, he became interested in farming, 
and to its development he devoted his remaining 
years. His death occurred at Lenoir in 1914. He 
had served in the Confederate army during the 
entire period of the war between the states. 

Col. George W. Rabb, brother of the late J. 
Frank Rabb, and uncle of L. E. Rabb, is one of 
tlic best known men of Catawba County. He lives 
on the old homestead situated about half way be- 
tween Newton and Maiden, in Catawba County, 
wliich has been his lifelong home. He served 
through the war between the states, in the Con- 
federate service, entering as a private and winning 
]romotion through distinguished bravery, sacrific- 
ing, however, one of his legs. Thus handicapped 
in young manhood he began to build up his for- 
tunes from the cobbler's bench, and today he is one 
of the capitalists of Catawba, the owner of a fine 
farm, and of quite extensive cotton mill interests 
at Maiden, together with stock in numerous other 
industrial concerns. He is held in esteem that 
amounts to affection, in Catawba County, and it 
has been said that there he can have anything, 
political or otherwise, that he asks for. For some 
years he served as a member of the State Legisla- 
ture, in each campaign carrying Catawba County, 
normally republican, for the democratic party. 

L. E." Rabb was reared on the home farm and 
was educated in the local schools. In 1897 he 
removed from Catawba to Caldwell County and 
embarked in farming here in which he continued 
until 1910, when he started into business as a 
manufacturer at Lenoir. It was about this time 
that he became interested in the manufacture of 
furniture here and since then has had much to do 
with establishing the supremacy of Lenoir as a 
manufacturing center. 

The Royal Furniture Company's plant, located 
at Lenoiri is an exceedingly flourishing industry. 
The machinery and equipments of this plant are 
utilized for the manufacture of a general line of 
bed room suits, in mahogany, walnut and oak. Mr. 
Rabb is a heavy stockholder and is secretary, 
treasurer and manager of this concern, and oc- 
cupies similar relations with the Caldwell Furniture 
Company, the plant of which is located at Valmead, 
two miles distant from Lenoir, the products of 
this plant being buffets, odd dressers, chiffoniers, 
manufactured from plain and quartered oak. Mr. 
Rabb additionally, is the owner of the plant and 
business of the Lenoir Manufacturing Company, 
manufacturers of general building material, sash, 
doors, blinds, etc., and he is also a stockholder and 
one of the directors of the Union Cotton Mills 
at Maiden. 

Mr. Rabb was married in Caldwell County, to 
Miss Eleanor Boone Miller, and they have one son, 
John Perkins Rabb. Mrs. Rabb's people, the 
Millers, were among the organizers of Caldwell 
County. One of her ancestral lines connects her 
with the g:reat explorer, frontiersman and Indian 
fighter, Daniel Boone. 

WiLLi.\M Edg.\r Perdew. From the time he 
entered a hardware store at Wilmington at the age 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



101 



of sixteen William E. Perdew has had a jirogres- 
sive rise in the scale of business responsibilities, 
and in point of continuous service is now one of 
the oldest hardware merchants of the state. His 
public spirit has been on a plane with his business 
efficiency, and he has helped make and plan the 
greater and better Wilmington of the present time. 

A native of Wilmington, where he was born 
April 2.3, 186.5, he is a son of John William and 
Mary Elizabeth (King) Perdew. His father was 
a gun and locksmith, the family were people in 
moderate circumstances, and William E. Perdew 
had only a. few years in which to attend the private 
schools of Wilmington. 

At the age of eighteen he became an employe 
with the hardware house of Giles & Murehison. 
This old and well known house has been succeeded 
by J. W. Murehison & Company, and in 1906 Mr. 
Perdew beeajne purchasing agent and a partner 
in the business. He was one of the organizers in 
1901 and has since been secretary of the Inde- 
pendent Ice Company, and is president of the 
People 's Building & Loan Association. 

For the past sixteen years he has been school 
committeeman of district Xo. 1, and is a willing 
worker in behalf of any movement for the raising 
of the standarils of the schools or of any other 
department of the city's activities. He was a 
member of the iirst board of commissioners when 
Wilmington purchased the water works and was 
also a city alderman and a member of the com- 
mission when the water anil sewer system was 
enlarged and extended, and the presence on the 
board of such an experienced and able business 
man enabled it to accomplish its work to the 
general satisfaction of all concerned. Mr. Per- 
dew is a member of the Cape Fear Club, the Cape 
Fear Country Club, is a Knight Templar Mason, 
a Shriner and a member of Sepia Grotto of Master 
Masons. He is also affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and the Improved Order of Red Men. For over 
thirty years he has been an active member of 
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, and for the 
past five years has been chairman of its board 
of stewards. 

On June 16, 1887, Mr. Perdew married Miss 
Mary A. Moore, of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. 
They are the parents of two children : John 
William, a gradiiate of the class of 1917 in 
the I'niversity of Xorth Carolina and now asso- 
ciated with the J. W. Murehison Company, and 
Minnie Louise, a student in the Wilmington High 
School. 

Capt. Robert Row.^x Crawford was one of 
the men who early recognized the business and 
commercial possibilities of Winston-Salem, and 
has been actively identified with that community 
in a business and civic, way for the past forty 
years. He still retains his vigorous hand in busi- 
ness life, though he is approaching the age of 
four score and has had a long and most varied 
experience, including service in the war between 
the states, in which he rose to the rank of cap- 
tain. 

Captain Crawford was born on a farm two 
miles south of Salisbury, North Carolina, Octo- 
ber 14, 1839. The Crawfords are of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. In the Lancaster District of South Car- 
olina three of the most substantial and prominent 
early fpmilies were the Crawfords, WTiites and 
Jacksons, including ancestors of President Andrew 



Jackson. It was of this branch of the Crawford 
family that Captain Crawford is a member. His 
grandfather, William H. Crawford, was born in 
Lancaster County, South Carolina, and had a large 
plantation and many slaves. Hon. William Dun- 
lap Crawford, father of Captain Crawford, was 
born in Lancaster, South Carolina, in 1806, and 
in 1825 graduated from the University of North 
Carolina. He studied law with Cliief Justice 
Pearson and was admitted to the bar in 1827. He 
began ]iractice at Salisbury and was successful 
as an attorney and prominent in public life until 
his death in 184.3. He served creditably in both 
branches of the State Legislature. In 1828 oc- 
curred his marriage to Miss Christina Mull. She 
was born in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 
1810. Her father, Thomas Mull, was a large 
land owner near Salisbury, and he had a large 
number of slaves cultivating his land with the 
aid of his slaves until his death. Christina Mull 
was a graduate of Salem College. At the death 
of her husband she was left a widow with five 
sons. Leasing tlie plantation she removed to Mis- 
sissippi, making the entire journey with wagon, 
carriage and team and lived 'with a brother in 
that state for two years. After that she resumed 
her home on the North Carolina pilantation, and 
in 1850 became the wife of Peter M. Brown of 
Charlotte, where she spent the rest of her days 
and died at the age of sixty-eight. The chOdren 
of her first marriage were Thomas M., William 
H., James R., Robert R. and Leonidas W. All of 
these sons except Thomas were soldiers in the 
Confederate Army, all of them went in as pri- 
vates, and in time gained promotion to the rank 
of captain. 

Robert Rowan Crawford attended the Olin 
High School. At the outbreak of the war he was 
clerking in a general store in Charlotte. He left 
the counter in April, 1861, to enlist in Hornetnest 
Rifle Company B of the First Regiment, North 
Carolina Troops. He had the distinction of par- 
ticipating in the first battle between the North 
and the South at Big Bethel, and there he received 
his bajitism of fire and saw the first blood shed 
of the war. After six months of service he was 
stricken with fever near Fortress Monroe and 
subsequently .suffered a stroke of paralysis. How- 
ever, he made rapid recovery and after his con- 
valescence he raised a company at Salisbury and 
went to the front as its captain. This was Com- 
pany D of tlie Forty-second Regiment, North 
Carolina Troops. Captain Crawford had a long 
and arduous service. Among other battles in 
which he participated were those of Shepards- 
ville, Newbern, Cold Harbor, Bermuda Hundred, 
and the almost ceaseless fighting around Peters- 
burg and Richmond during the last two years of 
the war. This constant campaigning and the in- 
cident exposure in the trenches finally obliged him 
to resign his commission in December, 1864. The 
only wound he received was at Bermuda Hundred, 
a slight injury from a spent ball. 

After tlie war Captain Crawford engaged in 
the hardware business at Salisbury, where he re- 
mained until 1877. It was in that year that he 
came to Winston and his keen eye and good 
business judgment quickly realized tJie increas- 
ing advantages of this town from a commercial 
standpoint. He removed his family to the city, 
and for sixteen years was principally engaged in 
the hardware business. In 1908 he removed to 
Kansas Citj', Missouri, to look after some real 



102 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



estate belonging to his wife, anj there built a 
home and lived for two years. He then retui'ued 
to Winston-Salem and has since been in business 
with his sons. In 1910 he built his tine modern 
home at Crafton Heights, where he still resides. 

At the age of twenty-six Cajjtain Crawford 
was married to Miss Caroline Crawford, who was 
born in Washington, North Carolina, in 1843. 
Her father, Thomas Crawford, was a planter and 
slave owner and of Seotch-Irish ancestry, but so 
far as known was not related to the Crawford 
family of South Carolina. Mrs. Crawford died 
March 17, 1887. On April 24, 1889, Captain 
Crawford married Miss Ada W. Dudley. She 
was born in Newbern, North Carolina, daughter 
of David W. Dudley, who was born at Newbern 
May 29, 1810. Her grandfather, Jacob Dudley, 
was bora at White Oaks in Craven County, and 
from the best information obtainable was a son 
of William Dudley, who came from Virginia with 
Bishop Dudley, grandfather of Governor Edward 
Bishop Dudley. Jacob Dudley had a plantation 
in Craven County. His wife was Ann Williamson. 
David W. Dudley, father of Mrs. Crawford, was 
graduated from a dental school at Philadelphia 
and practiced his profession at Newbern until 
his death on December 26, 1858. His wife was 
Eliza Bryan Franklin Watkins, who was born in 
Craven County October 12, 1810, a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Hancock) Franklin and 
the widow of Becton Watkins. Mrs. Dudley sur- 
vived her second husband and died September 11, 
1891, in her eighty-first year. By her first mar- 
riage to Mr. Watkins slie reared two children, 
Mary and Elizabeth. Her second marriage re- 
sulted in three children, Annie Eliza, John Jacob 
and Ada. The son, John Jacob, graduated from 
the University of Virginia and is now living with 
his sister Annie in Pasadena, California. 

Mrs. Crawford was liberally educated at Salem 
College and also attended a convent at Washing- 
ton, D. C. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford have three 
sons, named John Dudley, Franklin L and David 
D. The son, John D., is now in the United States 
Regular Army. 

Captain Crawford also has three children by his 
first marriage, Thomas B., Robert R. and Chris- 
tina. Thomas B. married Annie Cheatam and has 
three children, Thomas B., Caroline and James 
W. Christina married Norvelle R. Walker, of 
Richmond, Virginia. Robert R. married Miss 
Mary Price Hobson. 

Cajitain Crawford and his sons are now pro- 
prietors of Crawford Mills Supply Company, and 
they transact a large business through their head- 
quarters on North Main Street in Winston-Salem. 
The captain and his wife are active members of 
the West End Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
Captain Crawford is a member of Norfleet Camp of 
the United Confederate Veterans. While a resident of 
Salisbury he served as a member of the city coun- 
cil and was honored with the post of treasurer 
of Forsyth County from 1914 until that office 
was abolished late in 1916. 

Burt M. Hitchcock spent much of his early life 
in the country community of the Village of Reids- 
ville, North Carolina, but finally removed to Win- 
ston-Salem, and is now head of one of the largest 
and most important mercantile establishments of 
that city. His success has been secured by hon- 
orable and straightforward methods, and he means 
much to the community both as a citizen and busi- 
ness man. 



Mr. Hitchcock was born at Franklin in Delaware 
County, New York, and was brought to North 
Carolina when a child. His father Isaac L. Hitch- 
cock was a native of Delaware County, New York, 
was reared and educated there and learned the 
trade of stone mason. From Delaware County he 
removed to the Town of Lisle in Broome County, 
New York, and that was his home until 1871. For 
several years he had suffered ill health in the cli- 
mate of the North and finally he came to the 
milder climate of North Carolina, locating at 
Reidsville, which was then a small hamlet. So 
far as his health permitted he continued to follow 
his trade, and he lived at Reidsville until his death 
in 1889. The maiden name of his wife was Susan 
Ogden. She was born in Delaware County, New 
York, a daughter of David Ogden, a native of the 
same county, and a graiuldaughter of David 
Ogden, Sr. David Ogden, St., had a romantic 
experience in early life. He was captured by 
Indians when a small boy, was adopted by a 
squaw, and continued to live with the tribe for 
several years, acquiring a knowledge of the 
language and the customs of the Indians. He 
finally made his escape, and in spite of this expe- 
rience in a nomadic existence, he returned home, 
married, and settled down quietly to the career of 
a farmer. Mrs. Isaac Hitchcock's father was also 
a farmer and spent all his life in Delaware County. 
Mrs. Isaac Hitchcock died in June, 1907. She was 
the mother of three children, Amanda, Fred and 
Burt M. Amanda now lives with her brother 
Burt at Winston-Salem. Fred is a cabinet maker 
and lives at Atlanta, Georgia. 

Burt M. Hitchcock was reared and received his 
education in the schools of Reidsville. When nine- 
teen years of age he began acquiring a knowledge 
of merchandising by work in a general store. The 
five years he worked as a clerk gave him an inti- 
mate detailed knowledge of merchandising and 
proved the groundwork on which he has since 
become an independent business man. He then 
started a store of his own at Reidsville, and con- 
tinued it until 1907. In that year he removed to 
Winston-Salem and with H. L. Trotter organized 
the Hitchcock-Trotter Company, with Mr. Hitch- 
cock as president. This partnership was continued 
for four years. In 1913 the Ideal Dry Goods 
Company was organized with Mr. Hitchcock as 
president, and for the past four years he has 
given the best of his ability and time to the de- 
velopment of this store, which is now one of 
the favorite shopping places in the business dis- 
trict of Winston-Salem. 

Mr. Hitchcock was formerly a director of the 
Reidsville Bank and while living in that city was 
on the school board. He was also a member of 
the board of stewards of the Methoilist Episcopal 
Church South at Reidsville, and has a similar 
official position in the West End Metliodist Epis- 
copal Church South at Winston-Salem, which is 
the church home of him and his family. 

In 1890 Mr. Hitchcock married Miss Kate Ha- 
zell. She is a native of Alamance County. The 
Hazcll family were pioneers in North Carolina. 
The United States census of 1700 has the names 
of Moses, Kindler and Robert Hazell as residents 
of Stokes County. Mrs. Hitchcock 's father Mon- 
roe Hazell was an extensive and successful farmer 
in Alamance County. His wife was Lizzie Tap- 
scot. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hitchcock have five children : Lil- 
lian, Hazell, Frances, Burt J. and Catherine. The 
son Hazell after graduating from the high school 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



103 



entered the emjiloy of the R. J. Reynolds Com- 
pany as a traveling salesman and has shown a 
remarkable ability as a salesman, having made 
good at the start and now being one of the best 
business getters on the staff of the traveling rep- 
resentatives of this great tobacco house. 

FiNLEY H. COFrEY. The manufacture of furni- 
ture is an industry that has been developed from 
crude beginnings, as public taste and desire for 
greater comfort have grown. In very early days, 
when careful, laborious, patient handwork, had 
to go into every piece, beginning with the tree 
in the forest and through long drawn out stages, 
to its final completion in the cabinet maker's shop, 
comparatively few could own as many specimens 
of handsome, serviceable furniture as they desired, 
or even needed. Machinery has brought about 
wonderful changes in this industry as in others, 
and it is now possil)le to secure, at the manufactur- 
ing head in as large and progressive a town as 
Lenoir, North Carolina, furniture of the greatest 
utility and at the same time of handsome and dur- 
able design. One of the leading industries of 
Lenoir is the Kent-Coffey Manufacturing Company, 
the alile manager of which is Finley H. Coffey, one 
of the town's substantial and representative citi- 
zens. 

Finley H. Coffey was born in 1861, at Colletts- 
ville, Caldwell County, North Carolina. His parents 
were Drury D. and Harriet (Collett) Coffey, the 
former deceased. Drury D. Coffey was also born 
in Caldwell County, at a time when it was a part 
of Wilkes Coimty, and was a son of Daniel Coffey 
who was born in Wilkes. The mother of Daniel 
Coffey was a Boone, a niece of the great frontiers- 
man, Daniel Boone. The Boones and the Coffeys 
originated in Ireland and were among the earliest 
settlers in Wilkes and Watauga counties. The 
Cofifeys have been pioneers likewise in other sec- 
tions, including Illinois, Missouri and Kansas, and 
in the latter state there is a county and a city 
that perpetuate the name. 

The late Drury D. Coffey for many years was a 
jdanter and merchant at Collettsville, where his 
wife was born and reared, her father being James 
H. Collett, well known in Caldwell County. Mr. 
Coffey served through the war between the states 
in the Confederate service, in the regiment of which 
Ma.ior Harper, of Lenoir, was an officer. Mr. 
Coffey afterward represented his county in the 
State Legislature and for a number of years was 
a member of the board of county commissioners. 
In 1892 accompanied by his family, he moved to 
Junction City, Kansas, and resided there until 
1907, when he returned to Caldwell County and 
his death oecurrt-d in 1914. He was a man of the 
highest type of character and commanded respect 
and enjoyed universal esteem. 

Finley H. Coffey grew to manhood on the home 
place, on John 's River, Collettsville, and received 
his education there. He was associated with his 
father in business from early manhood and in 1892, 
with his wife, he accompanied his parents to Kan- 
sas, returning at the same time to North Carolina. 
Shortly afterward Mr. Coffey embarked in the 
furniture manufacturing business at Lenoir, and 
is financially interested in and is the manager of 
the Kent-Coffey Manufacturing Company. This 
plant constitutes one of the most important in- 
dustrial enterprises of this place, employing a large 
number of workmen and paying first class wages, 
their distribution being largely at Lenoir, and 



adding to the general prosperity. The product of 
this company is a general line of medium and 
high grade furniture. 

Mr. Coffey was united in marriage with Miss 
Rose Freeze, and they have four children: Irene, 
Harold, Ethel and Archibald. Mr. Coffey is an 
active, progressive and public spirited citizen and 
seven years he was a member of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Lenoir, his term of office expiring 
in the spring of 1917. For some year prior to 
1916, he was president of the First National Bank 
of Lenoir. To careful business men like Mr. 
Coffey, Lenoir owes much. They direct capital 
investments along safe business avenues without 
speculation, and thus assist in laying a sound 
foundation for stable commerce. 

Alfred A. Kent, M. D. Of the men of note of 
Caldwell County, few have contributed to the wel- 
fare and advancement of their community in so 
many ways and fewer still have attained distinc- 
tion in so many different fields as has Dr. Alfred 
A. Kent, of Lenoir. In the medical profession he 
has fairly earned eminence by the display of 
talents of a marked character; as a banker and 
business man he is at the head of financial and 
industrial enterprises that contribute materially 
to the county 's prestige ; he is a property owner 
whose management of his holdings serves to de- 
velop them and to conserve the community 's 
interests, and as a public-spirited citizen and repre- 
sentative of the people in offices of official import- 
ance and responsibility he has carried on a work 
that entitles his name to respect and his services 
to universal gratitude. 

Dr. Alfred A. Kent was born in Caldwell 
County, North Carolina, about four miles west of 
Lenoir, in 1858, his parents being Abraham S. 
anil Mary (Miller) Kent. His father was born 
in Fluvanna County, Virginia, and wlien a child, 
about the year 1842, came witli his father, Archie 
Kent, to Caldwell County. Archie Kent and his 
family settled on a farm about four miles west 
of Lenoir, on the Morganton road, where Alfred 
A. Kent was born. Abraham S. Kent was in the 
Home Guard for the Confederacy during the 
Civil war, and subsequently became a successful 
planter. The Kents of Fluvanna County, Vir- 
ginia, are a high type of people, all of whom have 
been of unblemished character and a number of 
whom liave achieved prominence in some of the 
professions, notably in law and in education. 

Alfred A. Kent was reared on the family planta- 
tion and was prepared for college at old Finley 
High School at Lenoir, under the tutelage of that 
famous educator, Capt. E. W. Fossett, a man who 
became so successful and distinguished as an 
educator of boys that, although it was in a small 
and isolated town, his school attracted sons of 
some of the best families not only all over the 
surrounding territory, but from all over the state 
and from some other southern and western states. 
He was a character builder as well as an educator. 
Following his course at the old Finley High School, 
Alfred A. Kent attended the University of North 
Carolina, where, on account of his time being 
limited, he worked hard and crowded into two 
years the work necessary for a Bachelor of Arts 
degree. He studied medicine at the Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1885, and began his 
practice that year at Cranberry Iron Works in 
Avery County, where he was located two years. 



104 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



theu establishing liimself in jiraetiee at Lenoir, 
his home town, where he has been engaged ever 
since. Although iu subsequent years Doctor Kent 
branched out in business and industrial enter- 
prises, he was enabled to do this only from the 
fruits of his labors as a physician, that profes- 
sion being his life work and the foundation of 
his success, and he has never ceased from his active 
practice thereof. It is a fine tribute to his ability 
as a physician and a somewhat remarkable example 
of what one may accomplish through wise and per- 
sistent effort that, although his outside business 
activities and the services he has rendered the 
people as a public oflScial, have taken up a great 
deal of his time, he has still been honored by his 
profession by having bestowed upon him every 
position from the lowest to the highest in the 
North Carolina Medical Society. He served as 
president of the state organization in 1912 and 
has been district counselor tor his district, presi- 
dent of the state board of counselors of the society, 
served six years on the state board of medical 
examiners, was president of that board for two 
years, and was a member of the state board of 
health for two years. So it will be seen that 
Doctor Kent is essentially and primarily a phy- 
sician. 

Doctor Kent began life with habits of thrift 
and rigid economy, and, beginning with small 
investments in real estate, he made it his settled 
policy to invest only in jiroperty that had a future, 
and in commercial or industrial enterprises only 
that were of a sound and permanent character, 
avoiding always speculative schemes and enter- 
prises. He was practically the founder of the 
furniture manufacturing industry 'at Lenoir, for, 
although a small plant had been in operation 
before he went into this industry, it was not until 
he had established the Kent Furniture Company 
that the town got a good start along this line and 
encouragement was offered other concerns to locate 
at Lenoir and to make it a furniture manufactur- 
ing center. Doctor Kent's spirit of progress and 
enterprise furnished the means for bringing other 
furniture and woodworking plants to Lenoir, and 
the industry grew and expanded until now this 
community is second only to High Point as the 
furniture manufacturing center of North Carolina. 
This industry, in fact, has been the making of 
Lenoir, changing it from a small and unimportant 
county seat town to a live and growing municipal- 
ity where a great deal of money is paid to 
mechanics and other working people, and to a 
city of many beautiful and expensive homes and 
substantial Inisiness blocks. Doctor Kent subse- 
quently sold the plant of the Kent Furniture 
Company and organized the Kent-Coffey Manu- 
facturing Company, of which he is still a mem- 
ber, and which is an extensive manufacturing ]plant 
for a general line of furniture. 

Doctor Kent is president of the First National 
Bank of Lenoir, and is the owner of Kent's Drug 
Store, he being a registered pharmacist as well 
as physician. He has built three of the best brick 
store buildings in Lenoir, of which he is the owner, 
and also erected a number of residence structures, 
including his own home, "Kentwod," a beautiful 
place situated on a commanding elevation near 
Davenport College. A part of this fine estate is 
a farm of 100 acres, extending toward the Lower 
Creek Valley — a property of very great value. He 
also has substantial and profitable investments in 
Oklahoma, particularly at Oklahoma City, Tulsa, 



and in valuable coal lauds east of McAlester along 
the Rock Island Railroad. 

In 1910 Doctor Kent was elected a member of 
the North Carolina Legislature, serving in the 
session of 1911, and was reelected iri 1914, serving 
in the session of 1915. He took a prominent part 
in the activities of the lawmaking body, and of 
especial local interest was his having enacted a 
measure which permitted the organization and 
financing of a drainage district for the lands in 
Lower Creek Valley in Caldwell County, lying to 
the east, south and southwest of Lenoir. This 
legislation was the means of reclaiming hundreds 
of acres of rich land that had been impracticable 
of cultivation and transforming it into splendid 
farms, making this valley now one of the richest 
sections of Caldwell County. 

The most notable of Doctor Kent 's activities 
in the Legislature, and those which were of the 
most state-wide importance, were found in his 
leadershi)) in having established, under state aus- 
pices, the Caswell Training School at Kinston, 
an institution for the feeble-minded and one that 
w-as very badly needed — a fact that had been 
particularly impressed upon Doctor Kent during 
his nianj' years of practice as a physician. It is 
conceded that the founding of this most beneficent 
institution was due to Doctor Kent's tireless activ- 
ities in its Ijehalf, tlie tact and diplomacy he had 
to use in overcoming prejudice, ignorance and 
olijection, and the sledge-hammer efforts and 
methods he had to put forth in order to get tlie 
necessary financial appropriation, the speeches 
he made both before the house and the committees 
and all the varied details he personally attended 
to. It seems quite certain that had it not been for 
his able leadership the project would have failed. 
And after the institution was built he did not re- 
linquish his effort in it, but continued his activi- 
ties in its behalf until he was satisfied that the 
institution was placed under eminently proper and 
competent management and superintendence. 

Doctor Kent married Miss Annie Wright, 
daughter of Squire John W. Wright, of Coharie, 
Sampson County, and to this union there have 
been born five children, namely: J. Archie, Olivia, 
Alfred A., Jr., William Walter and Benjamin H. 

John Raines Woltz, M. D. For upwards of 
forty years one of the leading physicians of 
Dobson, Dr. John Raines Woltz during Ms years 
of active service in Surry County buUt up a large 
and lucrative practice and established for him- 
self a fine reputation for professional skill and 
ability. A son of Dr. Lewis Fernando Woltz, he 
w.as born September 21, 1841, in Newbern, Pu- 
laski County, Virginia, of German ancestry. 

The doctor 's paternal grandfather, William 
Woltz, a native of Germany, was the only member 
of his father 's family, so far as is known, to 
come to America. Locating first in Maryland, he 
followed his trade of a cabinet maker in Hagers- 
town for awhile, subsequently continuing his work 
at Newbern, Pulaski County, Virginia. During the 
War of 1812 he enlisted as a soldier, and was 
unfortunate enough while in the army to be de- 
prived of his hearing, the roar of the cannon 
causing permanent deafness. Late in life he 
moved to Blue Spring, Tennessee, and there died, 
at the venerable age of ninety-one years, at the 
home of his daughter, Mrs. Feagles. He reared 
three children, as follows: Samuel; Lewis Fer- 
nando; and Mary .Jane, wife of John L. Feagles. 



t 



TiLDi-i> 1 C w -■ 



::-./r;ONS 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



105 



Dr. Lewis Feruaiulo Woltz was born aud reared 
in Hagerstown, Maryland, and there acquired his 
elementary and academic education. He subse- 
quently entered the New York Medical College, 
in New York City, and after his graduation from 
that institution began his professional career at 
Floyd Courthouse, Virginia. Moving from there 
to Midway, Greene County, Tennessee, he con- 
tinued in practice in that vicinity until the break- 
ing out of the Civil war when he refugeed back 
to Carroll County, Virginia, where he continued 
in active practice until his death, at Hillsville, 
at the age of four score and four years. 

The maiden name of the wife of Dr. Lewis F. 
Woltz was Mary .Jane Early. She was born in 
Pulaski County, Virginia, a daughter of Jerre 
Early, who came from Ireland, his native country, 
to America, and with his brothers John, William, 
Samuel and James, and his sisters Elizabeth and 
Rhoda, settled in Pulaski County. His brother, 
William, was the father of Jubal A. Early, a 
general in the Confederate Army. Jerre Early was 
a farmer and a cabinet maker, and after his mar- 
riage, in Giles County, Virginia, to Jane Cecil, 
migrated to Pulaski County, Virginia, following 
a narrow bridle path the entire distance. The 
bride rode on horseback and carried a feather 
bed and cooking utensils, while the groom walked 
beside her armed with a gun. They began house- 
keeping in a log cabin with a puncheon floor, 
and as it was located on a road leading from 
north to the south there were many passersby, 
and although the happy couple entertained many 
tri.velers they never charged a cent, nor asked 
a person 's name or business. It is said that Aaron 
Burr was once a guest in their cabin home, and 
as lioth were ardent Methodists in religion they 
were glad to have as frequent guests both Elder 
Cartwright and Lorenzo Dow. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Jerre Early lived to more than ninety years 
of age. Their daughter, Nancy Jane, wife of 
Dr. L. F. Woltz, died when but forty-nine years 
old, leaving eight children, namely: WiUiam J., 
John R., Georgianna Etta, Charles L., Claude L., 
India B., Sidney J., and Cora. 

Completing the course of study in the public 
schools of Floyd County, Virginia, aiid at Tuscu- 
lum College, in Greene County, Tennessee, John 
R. Woltz began the study of medicine under his 
father's tutelage, in 1857. At the breaking out 
of the Civil war he was attending lectures at the 
Nashville Medical College in Nashville, Tennes- 
see. Giving up his studies in May, 1861, he en- 
listed in Company I, Twenty-ninth Regiment, Ten- 
nessee Volunteers, and took an active part with 
his command in all of its battles up to and in- 
cluding the engagement at Shiloh, where he was 
severely wounded. After spending three months 
in the hospital, he joined his regiment, and un- 
der command of General Bragg went to Kentucky 
and there took part in the battle of Perrysville. 
Soon after, not having recovered from the effects 
of his former wounds, Mr. Woltz was discharged 
from the service on account of disability, and re- 
turned to Virginia, where he subsequently became 
a member of the Dublin Home Guard, and issu- 
ing commissary under General Jones. Giving up 
that position in May, 186.3, he joined the Four- 
teenth Virginia Regiment, known as Lowey 's Bat- 
tery, with which he remained until the close of the 
conflict. 

Returning home, Mr. Woltz resumed the study of 
medicine at the Virginia Medical College, in Rich- 



mond, where he was graduated with the class of 
1868. Beginning the practice of his profession 
in his native state. Doctor Woltz spent a year in 
Lambsburg, afterward being located at Hillsrille 
until 1871. Coming from there to Surry County, 
the doctor settled in Dobson where he continued 
in active practice for a period of forty-five years, 
winning in the meantime the well deserved repu- 
tation of being one of the most skilful and faith- 
ful physicians of this part of the county. His 
records as a physician are interesting, and show 
an attendance at 1,684 births. 

On December 27, 1870, Doctor Woltz was united 
in marriage with Miss Louisa Kingsbury, who was 
born in Stokes County, North Carolina, a daugh- 
ter of John B. and Eliza Kingsbury. She died 
April 28, 1892. Five children have been born 
of the union of Doctor and Mrs. Woltz, namely: 
John L., of Mt. Airy, of whom a sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work. Albert E. ; Fannie M. ; 
Mattie Irene; and Claude Benard. Albert E. 
Woltz, now engaged in the practice of law at 
Gastonia, North Carolina, was graduated from 
the University of North Carolina, and while a 
student in the institution served as its bursar. He 
married Daisy Mackey, and they are the parents 
of four chUdren. Fannie M., wife of George W. 
Key, a farmer at Stewarts Creek, Surry County, 
has five children. Mattie Irene married William 
S. Comer, a contractor and builder of Dobson, 
and they have nine children. Claude was gradu- 
ated with honor from the University of North 
Carolina, and is now a teacher in the Maxim High 
School. Doctor Woltz married for his second 
wife September 21, 1899, Angle J. Isaacs, a native 
of Surry. There are no children by this marriage. 
Doctor Woltz was for thirty years health officer 
for Surry County, his long record of service in 
that position being proof of his efficiency in that 
capacity. Both he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

Jame.s G. Fltnt is president and founder of 
the J. G. Flynt Tobacco Company at Winston- 
Salem. As a young man he learned the tobacco 
business in all its details, and his business ini- 
tiative prompted him to set up in business for him- 
self. During the past ten years Mr. Flynt has 
developed one of the more successful of the to- 
bacco factories in this famous Piedmont tobacco 
growing district, and is one of the citizens to 
whom Winston-Salem looks for leadership and for 
part of its prosperity. 

Mr. Flynt was born in Batavia, Solano County 
California, during the temporary residence of his 
parents in that state. The name has been identi- 
fied with Western North Carolina since pioneer 
times. The name was formerly spelled Flint. In 
the enumeration of heads of families as found in 
the records of the United States census of 1790 
those of the name mentioned as living in Stokes, 
which then included Forsyth, were John, Leonard. 
Richard, Roderick and Thomas Flynt. One of 
these was undoubtedly the ancestor of James G. 
Flynt, probably the great-grandfather. 

Mr. Flvnt's grandfather was Stephen Flynt, 
and was probably also born in Stokes County. He 
bought a farm in Kernersville Township of For- 
syth County, but about 1850 he went to Mississippi 
and never "returned. He married Nancy Hilton, 
who spent her last days in Kernersville Town- 
ship. She reared three children: Aulena, John 
William and Laura. 



106 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



John William Flyut was born in Stokes County, 
North Carolina, July 13, 1844. He grew up on a 
farm, and when a young man of twenty years, in 
1864, enlisted in the Confederate Army and fought 
for the Confederacy until the close of the struggle. 

After the war he resumed farming in Kerners- 
ville Township, but in 1872 removed to California, 
spending about a year at Batavia, where James 
G. Flynt was born. The family then returned East 
and the father bought a farm in Kernersville 
Township, on which he remained engaged in the 
quiet vocation of agriculture until his death at 
the age of seventy. He married Mary Fulton. 
She was born in Stokes County, daughter of Joel 
and Frances (Abbott) Fulton. She lived to be 
sixty-two years of age and reared six children: 
James G., Nannie, MoUie, now deceased, John W., 
Eva and Maine. 

Mr. James G. Flynt grew up in the country dis- 
tricts of Forsj'th County. He attended rural 
schools first and afterward was a student in the 
Kernersville High School. His pursuits and inter- 
ests were identified with farming until 1898, when 
he removed to Winston and entered the service of 
Mr. B. J. E«ynolds in the tobacco factory. While 
he remained with that factory he was attentive 
not only to his duties as a means of livelihood 
but made a close and thorough study of all details 
of tobacco manufacture. He left the Reynolds 
plant in 1906 to organize the firm of J. G. Flynt 
& Company. He began the manufacture of plug 
tobacco, and the business has had a successful 
increase from the start. A few years ago the 
company was incorporated, with Mr. Flynt as pres- 
ident and general manager. In 1916 the plant was 
removed from Trade Street to a commodious brick 
structure on Oak Street. 

In 1901 Mr. Flynt married Celesta Hazlip. 
Mrs. Flynt was bom in Forsyth County, daughter 
of Hardin and Crissie (Dalton) Hazlip. Mr. and 
Mrs. Flynt have six children: James, Hal, Eliza- 
beth, Clarence, Eleanor and Celesta. Mr. Flynt 
and wife are members of the Christian Church. 

Osborne Brown. One of the prominent and rep- 
resentative men of Catawba County, foremost in 
business enterprises and trustworthy in public 
affairs, is Osborne Brown, who is secretary, treas- 
urer and active manager of the Long Island Cotton 
Mill Company, and president of the Osborne Brown 
Mercantile Company. 

Osborne Brown was born in 1870, near Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. His father, the late James 
Brown, was a merchant in New Jersey for a num- 
ber of years, residing just across from Philadelphia 
in New Jersey. In 1888, accompanied by his fam- 
ily, he came to North Carolina, and shortly after- 
ward his father, James Brown, became associated 
in the cotton manufactiiring business with George 
H. Brown, a resident of Statesville, Iredell County, 
P. P. Key and J. S. Ramsey and organized the 
Long Island Cotton Mills, one of the old historic 
mills of the state that had been built by Powell 
& Shuford. in the early '50s and had been op- 
erated by them for a number of years. 

When "the new owners of the Long Island mill 
■ took charge, they found a plain, weather-beaten 
wooden building, 40 by 60 feet in dimensions, situ- 
ated on the Catawba River, at Long Island._ With 
energy and enterprise and abundant capital, a 
great change came about, and in 1890 the Long 
Island Cotton Mills replaced the old mill by the 
present mill building, a substantial two-story brick 
structure, 60 by 120 feet in dimensions, and since 



that time additional brick buildings and ware- 
houses have been erected. The business is a cor- 
poration, capitalized at $76,000, and is carried 
on under the name of the Long Island Cotton 
Mills. George H. Brown, of Statesville, is presi- 
dent, and Osborne Brown of Long Island is secre- 
tary, treasurer and general manager. The miU 
manufactures skein yarns and is equipped with 
6,072 spindles. 

Osborne Brown was educated in the public 
schools of Philadelphia, and when old enough re- 
ceived a business training. He accompanied the 
family to North Carolina with the idea of going 
into business here, and was associated with his 
father and George H. Brown, from the beginning 
of their enterprise. His father died in 1894 and 
but for a short time prior to that event, Osborne 
Brown has been on duty at the Long Island mill, 
and much of the success of the business may be 
attributed to his energy, good judgment and busi- 
ness capacity, he being secretary and treasurer and 
general manager of the mill business. Additionally 
Mr. Brown is president of the Osborne Brown 
Company, Incorporated, large dealers in general 
merchandise of merit. 

Mr.. Brown has shown business ability also in 
public affairs. In 1914 he was elected a member 
of the Board of County Commissioners of Catawba 
County, and through re-election is serving in his 
second term, during all this time being chairman 
of the board. Since the great floods in the sum- 
mer of 1916 this board has had particularly ardu- 
ous and important duties, involving the expenditure 
of large sums of money in replacing bridges and 
repairing roads. In association with adjoining 
counties, the board has contracted for the building 
of five main bridges across the Catawba River and 
other streams entirely within the county. To the 
consideration of these matters, Mr. Brown has 
given close and careful attention. 

Mr. Brown was married to Miss Minnie A. 
Brown, who is a daughter of George H. Brovm, 
of Statesville, North Carolina, and they have two 
daughters, Helen and Olivia. Mr. Brown and 
family are members of the Baptist Church, and in 
this religious body he occupies a position of great 
honor and responsibility, having been elected mod- 
erator of the South Fork Baptist Association, com- 
prising fifty-three churches. Politically he is a 
republican and his influence undoubtedly assisted 
in the late elections, to lead Catawba County into 
the republican column. 

Alexander R. McEacheen. Travelers who 
have, in times past, enjoyed the privilege of so- 
journing for any length of time in the Old North 
State, and with friendly interest have lingered 
many seasons through in little, quiet, home-like 
villages because of the delightful hospitality often 
found therein, will probably ere long seek such 
somnolent tarrying places in vain in Robeson 
County, for the spirit of progress has swept 
through here and the door to modern opportunity 
and advantage has been thrown wide open. The 
kind, hospitable, generous people have not changed 
except as wider opportunity has developed them, 
but they have grown more numerous, more am- 
bitious, more contented and happier and more use- 
ful. Not every place, has undergone, within the 
past decade, the same metamorphosis that has 
changed the little Village of St. Pauls into a thriv- 
ing, "prosperous little industrial city, with civic 
utilities and improvements, with modern business 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



107 



blocks and handsome, spacious and costly resi- 
dences, but all have not been fortunate enough 
to be the home of so able and enterprising a man 
as Alexander R. McEaohern, to whom and his as- 
sociates in business much of this development 
may be directly attributed. 

Alexander R. McEachern was born in the old 
family homestead which has belonged to the Mc- 
Eacherns for one hundred and tnenty-iive years, 
in St. Pauls Township, Robeson County, North 
Carolina, in 1860. His parents were Neill and 
Ella (Pow-ers) McEachern, both now deceased. 
One of the oldest Scotch families in the county 
and in this part of the Cape Fear section, the 
McEacherns came from Scotland and the founder 
in Robeson County was Neill McEachern, the 
great-grandfather of Alexander R. McEachern of 
St. Pauls. In 1793 he located on a tract of land 
in St. Pauls Township, about two and one lialf 
miles west of the present City of St, Pauls, and 
there his descendants have lived ever since and 
still possess the ancestral acres. The first deed 
that was granted to said Neill McEachern, bears 
date of 1794, conveying to him title to 200 acres 
of land in consideration of ' ' one hundred and 
fifty pounds." The present head of the family 
owns this interesting document, as he also does 
another, which was issued at Fayetteville, North 
Carolina, in 1798, giving American citizenship to 
his great-grandfather. Neill McEachern was one 
of the founders of St. Pauls Presbyterian Church, 
which was established in 1798, and is one of the 
oldest and of most historic interest of any of the 
old religious edifices in this part of the state, 
and his descendants, including the present genera- 
tion, have been members of this church. 

Neill McEachern, father of Alexander R., was 
bom in the old homestead in St. Pauls Township, 
as was his father, Hugh McEachern. The family 
vocation was farming. When the war between the 
states came on Neill McEachern with two of his 
brothers went into the Confederate army and died 
in December, 1864, while in the army. 

Alexander R. McEachern was reared on the 
McEachern plantation and after attending the 
local schools was a pupil of Professor Quackenliush 
in his academy at Laurinlnirg in Scotland f^ounty. 
From youth he has been identified with farming 
interests and now owns the old homestead besides 
a number of other very fine farms in this exceed- 
ingly rich and productive agricultural region and 
for many years has been a large cotton producer. 
For several years, in association with James M. 
Butler, he was engaged in a large mercantile busi- 
ness at St. Pauls, but since he has become so 
extensively interested in the cotton mill industry 
he, with his associates, had been more or less 
retiring from merchandising. 

It was about 1907, after the railroad came, the 
Virginia & Carolina Soutliern building their line 
from Lumberton through to Hope Mills in Cum- 
berland County, that Mr. McEachern, as one of 
the big, successful business men of this section, 
became interested with others and the first cotton 
mill was built at St. Pauls, and this was the 
foundation of the town 's development and con- 
tinues its main industry. This mill is conducted 
under the name of the St. Pauls Cotton Mill 
Company, of which Mr. McEachern is secretary 
and treasurer, J. M. Butler being president. The 
company has a capital stock of $200,000, and the 
mUl, which is a modern, complete and expertly 
managed plant, manufactures hosiery, yarns, and 



the company owns a second plant at St. Pauls 
which nianutactures yarns and knits the jiroduet 
into tubing for gloves. Mr. McEachern is presi- 
dent of the Ernaldson Manufacturing Company 
and is president of the Cape Fear Cotton Mill at 
Fayetteville, of which Mr. Butler is secretary and 
treasurer. Th.at mill manufactures carpet yarns. 
In addition to the latter )ilant, Mr. McEachern, 
Mr. Butler and E. H. Williamson have equijiped 
and now have in operation the new Advance Mill, 
at Fayetteville, which is a siiecialty mill and is 
manufacturing olive drab cloth for the Govern- 
ment. Mr. McEachern as a capitalist is addition- 
ally interesteil in successful and industrial enter- 
prises, is vice president of the Bank of St. Pauls, 
a director of the National Bank of Fayetteville; 
vice {(resident of the Holt-Williamson Manufactur- 
ing Coni]iany of Fayetteville, North Carolina, and 
is foremost in everything pertaining to the sub- 
stantial growth of the jilace. For a number of 
years he has been prominent in public affairs in 
Robeson County and served ten years on the 
board of county commissioners, and it was during 
this time that the board built the beautiful and 
creditable new courthouse at Lumberton. He is a 
member of the board of trustees of Flora Macdon- 
ald College at Red Springs. 

Mr. McEachern was married to Miss Belle Shaw, 
a member also of an old Scotch family of this 
section. Her parents were Daniel and Elizabeth 
(McLean) Shaw, the former of whom was born in 
St. Pauls Townsship in 1811 and died in 1891. Mrs. 
McEachern is a sister of the late Lauchlin Shaw, 
who died in 1915. Mr. Shaw was the owner of 
much property here, a large ])art of that on which 
the modern town nas been built and took an active 
part in financially backing the early business and 
industrial enterprises. Mr. and Mrs. McEachern 
have three sons, two of whom are wearing the 
uniform of the National Army, loyal and patriotic 
young men of high business and social standing. 
The eldest, D. S. McEachern, is in the United 
States Navy. The second, Neill, is in the Coast 
Artillery. Duncan remains with his parents. Mr. 
McEachern is an elder in the St. Pauls Presby- 
terian Church. 

J. Neal D-4VI.S is one of the leading merchants 
of Winston-Salem. He began his business career 
there as a clerk and profiting by experience and 
the opportunities of the locality, he established a 
business of his own and is now one of the substan- 
tial men of the community. 

Mr. Davis is a native of North Carolina. He 
was born on a plantation near Forbush Baptist 
Church in Yadkin County. His grandfather, 
Tom Davis, was a native of Virginia, and on com- 
ing to North Carolina settled in what is now Yad- 
kin County, buying a tract of land two miles 
southeast of East Bend. He became a farmer, 
and lived in that locality until his death. He and 
two of his sons were Confederate soldiers and in 
the course of his service he received a severe 
wound. Grandfather Davis married Miss Speas, 
and they reared six sons and six daughters. The 
sons were named Alvis, Levi, both of whom were 
Confederate soldiers, Eli Tom, Dalt, John and San- 
ford. All the twelve children married and reared 
families, and their children at one time made a 
total number of seventy-three. 

Eli Tom Davis, father of J. Neal Davis, was 
bom in 1846, on a plantation two miles south 
of East Bend. He grew up on a farm and after 



108 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



his marriage bought laud uear the old home and 
became a very successful planter. He married 
Xaiinie Marion, who was born near the foot of 
Pilot Mountain in Surry County, North Carolina, 
in 1848. Her grandfather Marion was one of the 
pioneer settlers of Surry County. Her father, 
Kichard T. Marion, was born on a plantation bor- 
dering tlie Ararat River in Surry County and be- 
sides earrv'iug on a large farm he operated a 
blacksmith shop and a wood working shop, and 
owned a number of slaves. All the wagons used 
by him were manufactured in his own wagon shop. 
As a general farmer he raised stock, grain and 
tobacco. His tobacco was all manufactured on 
his own place and was sent to southern markets in 
his own wagons and teams. Eichard T. Marion 
lived to be ninety-two years of age and died Octo- 
ber 31, 1916, being mentally vigorous to the 
very last. He married Peggy Hauser. 

Eli Tom Davis and wife reared eight children 
named: Lillian, Richard, J. Xeal, Hattie, Egbert 
L., Maud, Paul and Eula. 

Mr. J. Neal Davis speut his early life on his 
father's farm, attended rural school in Yadkin 
County, and prepared for college in the Boone- 
ville High School. He finished his education in 
Wake Forest College and on leaving school he 
came to Winston-Salem and for a few months 
clerked in a local store. He then bought a ladies 
furnishing store and has made it one of the 
largest and best stocked establishments of its kind 
in Western North Carolina. In 1916 his business 
was incorporated under the name of J. N. Davis 
Company, with himself as president and treasurer. 
Mr. Davis now owns and occupies one of the fine 
suburban homes around Winston-Salem. In 1916 
he bought a tract of farm land near Reynolds, 
and has since improved it as a model country 
place. His house is buUt in modern style with 
all the latest improvements, and he has a private 
electric plant and water system. 

Mr. Davis married Miss Elva Martha Wall. 
She was born in Davidson County, North Caro- 
lina, daughter of George W. "and Haseltine 
(Charles) Wall. Mr. and Mrs. Davis have four 
children, Elva Martha, Catherine, Margaret Lucile 
and Rosa Logue. The family are members of the 
Brown Memorial Church at Winston-Salem. 

Bartholomew Moore Catling. One of the 
foremost representatives of the legal profession at 
Baleigh is Bartholomew Moore Catling, who re- 
cently took additional duties and responsibilities 
when he accepted the appointment from President 
Wilson as postmaster. He is a member of an 
old North Carolina family, and his father before 
him was a successful attorney. 

Born at Raleigh April 12, 1871. Bartholomew 
Moore Catling is a son of John and Sarah (Moore) 
Gatling. His father was a native of Gates County 
and his mother of Halifax County in North Caro- 
lina. 

Prepared for college at Baleigh Academy, Mr. 
Gatling then entered the University of North Caro- 
lina, where he was graduated A. B. in 1892. For 
his professional preparation he entered the Har- 
vard Law School, where he took his LL. B. degree 
in 189.5. Since that year he has been in active 
practice in Raleigh, and has accumulated a splen- 
did clientage, representing many individuals and 
business firms. For ten years he was counsel for 
the Board of County Commissioners. His appoint- 



ment as postmaster of Raleigh was dated February 
13, 191.5. 

Mr. Gatling is a member of the Capital Club of 
Raleigh. On September 14, 1893, he married Miss 
Lenora Cradup of Meridian, Mississippi. They 
are the parents of seven children: Sallie Moore, 
Lawrence Van Valkenburg, John, Bart. Moore, 
William Crudup, Louise Crudup and James Moore. 

Capt. Edmtxd Jones. There are some names 
indissolubly connected with tlie early settlement 
and permanent development of the L'^pper Tadkin 
Valley in Western North Carolina, that mention 
of them immediately brings to mind historic events 
that contributed to the establishment of stable 
government here, and to noble individual achieve- 
ments that alone would serve to perpetuate their 
memories. Most conspicuous among these are the 
names of Gen. William Lenoir, Gen. Edmund Jones, 
Gen. Samuel F. Patterson, and Col. William Daven- 
port, all of whom became kindred tlirough inter- 
marriages, and to all of them Capt. Edmund Jones, 
a leading member of the bar at Lenoir, traces a 
clear ancestral line. 

Capt. Edmund .Tones was born in 1848, on his 
father's plantation. Clover Hill, situated about six 
miles north of Lenoir, in Caldwell County, North 
Carolina. His parents were Edmund Walter and 
Sophia C. (Davenport) .Jones, and his grandpar- 
ents were Gen. Edmund Jones and Col. William 
Davenport. 

Gen. Edmund Jones was born in Orange County, 
Virginia, and came in childliood to North Carolina, 
with his parents, George and Lucy (Foster) Jones. 
The family first lived in the Yadkin Valley, near 
Wilkesboro. For a number of years he was a prom- 
inent figure in the public and political life of North 
Carolina, was a soldier in the War of 1812, and 
served several terms as a member of both houses 
of the General Assembly. Upon the formation of 
Caldwell County he was one of the magistrates 
appointed for that purpose and served as chairman 
of their court. In early manhood he was married 
to Anna Lenoir, a daughter of Gen. William Len.oir, 
who came from Brunswick County, Virginia, to 
North Carolina, in 1759, served in the Revolution- 
ary war and was twice wounded at the Battle of 
King's Mountain. He had previously served with 
distinction against the Cherokee Indians. Old 
Fort Defiance, built to resist Indian attacks, after- 
ward became the site for his permanent home and 
on that estate he passed the closing years of a 
memorable life. 

Following their marriage, Gen. Edmund Jones 
and his wife settled in what was named Happy 
Valley, on the Yadkin River in what is now the 
northern part of Caldwell but was then a part 
of Wilkes County. There he built "Palmyra," 
which became one of the famous plantations of 
North Carolina, possessing much historic and ro- 
mantic interest, and there he lived until 1844. 
Continuing the history of this famous estate it 
may be further related that it descended to his son, 
Edmund Walter Jones, who. in the '40s, because 
of his great affection for his sister, who was the 
wife of Gen. Samuel Finley Patterson, transferred 
the place to her. X'pon the death of his son. Hon. 
Samuel L. Patterson, Palmyra was left by his will 
to the Episcopal Church for an industrial school 
for hoys. It was converted into what is known 
as the Patterson School, an industrial institution 
for boys, and is now carried on as such under the 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



109 



auspices of the church. Gen. Samuel Fiuley Pat- 
terson liTed and died in Caldwell County. He was 
noted as a financier and iu 1836 was elected treas- 
urer of North Carolina, and was also president of 
the old Ealeigh & Gaston Railroad. His two sons, 
Eufus L. and Samuel Legerwood Patterson both 
became prominent iu public life, the latter being 
commissioner of agriculture for North Carolina 
for a number of years. 

Edmund Walter Jones was born at Palmyra and 
spent his entire life in Happy Valley. In the '40s 
he built Clover Hill for his own residence, on the 
opposite side of the river, when he transferred 
Palmyra to his sister, Mrs. Patterson. During his 
entire active life he was an extensive planter. His 
death occurred in 1876, at the age of sixty-four 
years. He married Miss Sophia C. Davenport, and 
of their three sons, all became conspicuous military 
men, but one of these heroes surviving, Capt. Ed- 
mund Jones, of Lenoir, Walter L. being killed at 
Gettysburg, and John T. falling in the Battle of 
the Wilderness. 

The mother of Captain Jones was a daughter of 
Col. William Davenport and a granddaughter of 
Gen. William Lenoir. Col. William Davenport was 
a son of Martin Davenport, who was the right-hand 
man of Gen. Ben Cleveland in the campaigns of 
the patriots in the Revolution in North Carolina. 
The Davenports had settled iu the region of the 
Yadkin River before the Revolution, and like the 
Jones they were of Welsh ancestry. They were 
all royalists and against the Cromwell movement, 
and when they came to the American colonies, iu 
1688, they first settled in Culpeper County, Vir- 
ginia. 

Born into a home of luxury and refinement, Ed- 
mund Jones ' early environment afforded him many 
advantages, these including the best of scholastic 
training. The outbreak of the war between the 
states, however, changed the student into a soldier 
one of the youngest in the Confederate army. He 
left the university and enlisted iu Company F, 
Forty-first North Carolina Infantry, before he was 
sixteen and was at Appomattox, after taking part 
in the siege of Petersburg, before he was seventeen 
years of age. He was educated at the Bingham 
Military School, the University of North Carolina 
and the University of Virginia, and after the war 
spent some time in the State University but did 
not complete his interrupted course because of 
different conditions incident to the times, having 
arisen. It was then he entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Virginia, where he 
qualified for the profession of law under those 
great teachers, Southgate and John B. Minor. 

Captain Jones then returned to his home. Clover 
Hill, and there carried on the plantation until 1881, 
in which year he took the necessary examination 
and was licensed to practice law and opened an 
ofi&ce at Lenoir. He came rapidly to the front in 
his profession and has long been reputed as one 
of the ablest lawyers in Western North Carolina. 
He early entered the political field and in 1870, 
when but twenty-two years old, was elected a mem- 
ber of the State Legislature and served four terms, 
eight years, in that august body, with remarkable 
statesmanship. He was a member of the session 
that impeached Governor Holden. When the Span- 
ish-American war was precipitated, once more Cap- 
tain Jones became a military man, becoming cap- 
tain of Company C, Second North Carolina In- 
fantry, demonstrating the same qualities of per- 



sonal bravery that had marked him in adventur- 
ous youth. 

Captain Jones has been twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Eugenia Lewis, who, at death, left 
four children: Augustus, Edmund, Eugene Patter- 
son and Sarah D. Miss Sarah D. Jones is a lady 
of many accomplishments and of great business 
capacity, and at piresent is private secretary to 
the commissioner and auditor of the department of 
agriculture, at Ealeigh. Captain Jones married 
for his second wife Miss Martha Snell Scott, who 
was born in Caldwell County. The whole Jones 
connection far back has belonged to the Episco- 
pal Church. 

Edgar Franklin McCulloch. Jr. Elizabeth- 
town, the county seat of Bladen County, is situated 
in one of the most beautiful sections of North 
Carolina, and its eitizensnip is made up of repre- 
sentative.s of numerous old Southern families that 
liave helped to make history in the Old North 
State. Many of these are of Scotch extraction, 
as is the case with the McCuUochs, who have 
lielonged to North Carolina for generations. To 
find the pioneer of his family in the state Edgar 
Franklin McCulloch, Jr., postmaster at Elizabeth- 
town and county attorney, must go back to his 
great-grandfather, John McCulloch, wlio was born 
iu Scotland and came in early manhood to Mary- 
land and from there to Guilford County, North 
Carolina, where he became a man of local im- 
portance. 

Edgar Franklin McCulloch, Jr., was born in 
1888, at Wliite Oak in Bladen County, North 
Carolina. His parents are Edgar F. and Viola 
(Sykes) McCulloch, the former of whom was born 
in the Pleasant Garden community, Guilford 
County, and is a son of Calvin McCulloch. In 
1880 the family moved from Guilford to Bladen 
County. E. F. McCulloch passes much of his time 
at Raleigh, as he fills the office of clerk of the 
State Prison Board. 

Mr. McCulloch 's earlier years were spent at 
White Oak and he attended White Oak Academy 
rrior to entering the University of North Caro- 
lina, from which he was graduated in the cla'ss 
of 1911, with his Bachelor of Arts degree, and in 
19i:i, after two years in the law school of the 
university, entered into practice at Elizabethtown. 
Because of thorough education and unusual legal 
talent he has made rapid strides in his profession 
and has successfully handled a number of very 
imiiortant cases, giving to his clients honorable 
and faithful service. The confidence and high 
regard in which he is held may be indicated by 
his election to the important office of county 
attorney of Bladen County. 

Mr. McCidloch was married to Miss Jessie Lee 
Sugg, who was born at Greenville, Pitt County, 
North Carolina, and they have one son, who per- 
petuates the family name as Edgar Franklin 
McCulloch, Third. Mrs. McCulloch is a lady of 
many accomplishments and thorough education, 
and prior to her marriage was principal of the 
Elizabethtown Academy. Mr. and Mrs. McCullocli 
are leaders in the pleasant social life of the town 
and maintain one of its most hospitable homes. 

In April, 1917, Mr. McCulloch was appointed 
postmaster at Elizabethtown by President Wood- 
row Wilson, an appointment that gave general 
satisfaction because of Mr. McOulloch 's high 
personal character and general popularity. Edu- 



110 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



cation, religion and charity all have their claims 
acknowledged by Mr. McCuUoch in his scheme of 
life, and he has given hearty encouragement to 
many worthy business enterprises here tliat jirom- 
ise to be of substantial benefit to the entire com- 
munity, thereby showing a liberal mind and a 
public' conscience that are the essentials of good 
citizenship. 

John Allen Adaus. Surry County has no more 
popular and esteemed citizen than John A. Adams, 
familiarly known throughout the length and 
breadth of that county as "Jack" Adams. Mr. 
Adams is a former sheriff of the county, a veteran 
of the war between the states, and has long been 
identified with agriculture and other diversified 
industries. 

Though a resident of Surry County most of his 
life he was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 
January 19, 1847. His grandfather, James Adams, 
was a "native of the same county and owned a 
large plantation on Bannister River. He belonged 
to the aristocratic and slave holding element of 
Virginia, and lived in comfort and plenty and 
dispensed a generous hospitality. His wife was 
Paulina ■Wammoek, also a lifelong resident of 
Pittsylvania County. 

John A. Adams, father of John A., was born in 
Pittsylvania County in 1807, and in 1856 removed 
to Surry County," North Carolina, and bought 
10,000 acres of "land in and adjacent to Dobson. 
This princely estate he worked with the aid of 
numerous slaves. He was a man of great power 
and influence in that community but the war with 
its attendant evils brought financial ruin. He 
died in Dobson leaving his widow with seven chil- 
dren, most of them still young. Her maiden name 
was Sarah Adams, and she was also born in Pitt- 
sylvania County, a daughter of Johnson and Sarah 
(Williams) Adams. After her husband's death 
she returned with her children to Pittsylvania 
County and she spent her last years there. 

John A. Adams was about nine years of age 
when the family removed to Surry County. He 
made the best of limited opportunities to gain 
an education, and when quite young he became 
self supporting by his labor. When he was seven- 
teen years of age in 1864 he enlisted in Company 
A, Thirty-fourth Regiment Virginia Cavalry com- 
manded by Colonel Witeher. With this regiment 
he went to the front and served faithfully until 
the close of the war. When Lee surrendered he 
was at Christianburg, A'irginia, and being allowed 
to retain his horse he rode home. Before entering 
the army he had been employed as a teamster. 
He hauled produce to Fayetteville, and on the re- 
turn trip brought merchandise. Later this haul 
was shortened when the railroad was completed 
to High Point. 

After the war he took uj) the business of sell- 
ing tobacco and started with a load of tobacco on 
wagon and team into South Carolina and Georgia 
and peddled it out as he went. This was his regu- 
lar occupation for twelve years and brought a 
modest capital which he invested in the 300 acre 
farm he now owns and occupies. This farm is 
partly in and jiartly adjoining the City of Dobson. 
Here for many years he has followed general farm- 
ing, and has "made himself an influential factor in 
the agricultural district surrounding him. Mr. 
Adams organized the Farmers Alliance in Surry 
Countv. Politically he is a democrat and was 
elected on that ticket to the oface of sherifE. 



He married Eliza Ellen McGuifiji, September 12, 
186.3. She was born February 22, 1847, a daugh- 
ter of Robert F. and Sarah (Ingram) McGufiin 
of Franklin County, Virginia. Mrs. Adams died 
May 14, 1917, leaving one daughter Mary Emma, 
who now presides over her father's home. Mr. 
Adams is affiliated with Dobson Lodge of Masons 
and with Dobson Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

John Thames. M. D. Many of the men in the 
medical profession today are devoting themselves 
in a large measure to the prevention of disease as 
well as its cure. They are exerting all the force 
of their authority in persuading people to use bet- 
ter methods and spending their time and money 
in the endeavor to find more satisfactory methods 
of handling disease, and to make the general pub- 
lic realize that in their own hands lies the 
prevention of a great deal of disease and ill 
health. In the public health movement the physi- 
cian has always been a leader, and among the 
Southern states not one has done more advanced 
and efiicient work in this line than North Caro- 
lina. 

One of the ablest men now in the public health 
service of the state is Dr. John 'Thames, city 
health officer of Winston-Salem. Dr. Thames was 
born on a plantation on the Cape Fear River near 
Fayetteville in Cumberland County, North Caro- 
lina, August 26, 1871. In the paternal line he is 
of Welsh ancestry. His father, James Thames, 
was born on the same plantation in 1828. The 
grandfather, Rev. David Thames, was a native of 
Wales. David 's brother Joseph came to America 
and settled in Bladen County, North Carolina. 
Rev. David Thames on coming to this country when 
a young man located in Cumberland County, se- 
curing a tract of land on the Cape Fear River. 
Along with farming and the management of his 
plantation he served for many years as a minister 
of the Missionary Baptist Church. He and his 
wife and three children died during a fever epi- 
demic in 1835-36. 

James Thames had one sister, one brother, and 
several half-sisters and brothers. At the death 
of his parents he removed to Bladen County to 
live with a half-sister, Mrs. Lucy Davis, grew up 
there, and remained in his sister's household until 
the outbreak of the Mexican war in 1845. He en- 
listed in the volunteer army and took an active 
part in that struggle with the Southern Republic. 
Following the war he returned to North Carolina 
and bought the interests of the other heirs in 
the old homestead plantation in Cumberland 
County. There he set up as a general farmer and 
enjoyed much prosperity. He lived on the old 
plantation until his death in 1908. During the 
war between the states he was captain of a com- 
pany of Home Guards under Col. Thomas De- 
Vaughan. For a number of years before his 
death he received a pension from the Federal gov- 
ernment for his services in the Mexican war. This 
old soldier married Mary Elizabeth Plummer. She 
was a native of Cumberland County, the only 
daughter of James and Mrs. (Bramble) Plummer 
and was of Scotch ancestry. She died in Novem- 
ber, 1905. There were five sons and six daugh- 
ters. 

One of his large family of children. Dr. John 
Thames, spent his youth and boyhood on the plan- 
tation in Cumberland County. What the district 
schools gave him in the way of an education he 





^^^H'^xyi^^^ — j-'Z— ^-^ 



\ 



Tll-t- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



111 



supplemented by preparatory work in a nearby 
high school, and then entered the University of 
North Carolina. On definitely deciding upon a 
career in medicine, he entered the Louisville Medi- 
cal College at Louisville, Kentucky, where he was 
graduated M. D. in 1894. Dr. Thames has had a 
wide and diversified experience in active practice 
for more than twenty years. He has also taken 
post-graduate courses in the Polyclinic at Philadel- 
phia and ill the Johns Hopkins University at Bal- 
timore. 

He began practice at Lexington, in Davidson 
County, North Carolina, and while there began his 
public health work, serving as health officer for 
the county. In 1899 he removed to Greensboro, 
had a general practice for several years, and in 
1910 went to Wilmington to become assistant to 
Doctor Nesbitt, health officer of that city. While 
at Wilmington he became a recognized force among 
the health officers of the state, and it was his repu- 
tation for efficient work in this branch of the 
profession that called him to Winston-Salem, where 
since October 1, 1916, he has been city health 
officer. His work has already gained him many 
compliments and a high recognition, and it was 
made the subject of a special reference by Bishop 
Rendthaler in the Home Church Memorabilia for 
1916. 

Doctor Thames was married in 1894, the year 
he graduated in medicine, to Martha Geneva Cecil. 
Mrs. Thames was born near Thomasville, in Da- 
vidson County, North Carolina, a daughter of Jesse 
W. and Elizabeth (Moffitt) Cecil. The Moffitts 
were English Quakers. Doctor and Mrs. Thames 
have four children: John Allan, Elizabeth MofEitt, 
Francis Cecil and Mary Louise. Both Doctor and 
Mrs. Thames are mem'bers of the Presbyterian 
Church. He has long been actively identified with 
Masonry. He became a Mason in Hiram Lodge 
No. 466, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, in 
1894, and has thrice transferred his membership, 
at present being past master of Wilmington Lodge 
No. 319. Doctor Thames has thrice held the of- 
fice of worshipful master in as many different 
lodges. He is also past high priest of Chapter No. 
1, Royal Arch Masons, at Wilmington, and pre- 
sided at the centennial of its organization. He 
is affiliated with Munson Council No. 4, Royal and 
Select Masons, at Wilmington, and Plantagenet 
Commandery, No. J, Knights Temjilar, at Wil- 
mington, and Oasis Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
Doctor Thames is also a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and the Junior Order of United Amer- 
ican Mechanics. 

When the United States declared war against 
Germany Doctor Thames felt the call to assist in 
winning" the world for democracy. He gave up 
the health work, applied and was accepted m the 
Medical Reserve Corps of the United States Army 
May 1.5, 1917. Since that time he has advanced 
rapidly in rank, and has filled some of the most 
important positions, where the knowledge of pre- 
vention of disease was required. It is hoped that 
he will survive the great world war and return to 
his native state, better prepared to pursue his. 
work of helping to make North Carolina a safe 
place to live, free from contagious disease. 

M.4.TT Ransom Long. The list of prominent and 
successful young business men of Roxboro wouhl 
he incomplete were not mention made of Matt Ran- 
som Long, whose entire career has been passed in 
this thriving and enterprising community ami who 
has risen to a place of importance through the 



exercise of natural abilities. Belonging to a fam- 
ily which has long contributed through its members 
to the growth and develoijmcnt of business and 
civic interests, he has shown himself a worthy rep- 
resentative of the name he bears and in connection 
with several important enterprises is contributing 
his share to the general welfare. 

Mr. Long was born at Roxboro, Person County, 
North Carolina, a son of James Anderson and 
Laura Rebecca (Thompson) Long. His father was 
horn in this county, May 23, 1841, a son of Rat- 
liff and Mary (Walters) Long, and received a 
common school education, beginning life as a 
farmer. When the Civil war broke out, he en- 
listed in Company H, Twenty-fourth North Caro- 
lina Regiment, C. S. A., with which command he 
fought to the end of the struggle, rising to the 
rank of sergeant. Later in life he became major 
on the staff of Gen. Julian S. Carr, United Con- 
federate Veterans. When the war closed he re- 
sumed his farming operations, but his interests 
gradually extended to other fields, he becoming 
president of the Peoples Bank of Roxboro and of 
the two Roxboro Cotton Mills, and owner of the 
Loch Lily Roller Flour and Grist Mills, Saw Mills 
and Planing Mills. Mr. Long has been prominently 
before the public in many positions of civic trust. 
As early as 1885 he was a member of the North 
Carolina House of Representatives from Person 
County, and in 1889, 1901, 1905 and 1909 was 
elected to the State Senate. He was appointed by 
Governor Kitehin a member of the Stat« Building 
Commission to supervise the erection of the State 
Administration Building provided for by the Leg- 
islature of 1911, and was selected by Col. Ashley 
Home as a member of the committee to supervise 
the erection of the monument to the North Carolina 
Women of the Confederacy, presented by the colonel 
to the State of North Carolina, to be erected in 
Capitol Square, Raleigh. He is a member of the 
Methodist Church, is a trustee of the Methodist 
Orphanage, belongs to the board of trustees of 
Trinity College, and is chairman of the board of 
trustees of Greensboro Female College. In 1882 
he was united in marriage with Laura Rebecca 
Thompson, and they became the parents of three 
children. 

Matt R. Long received his early education in 
the graded and high schools of Roxboro, following 
whio4i he attended Trinity College, and then com- 
pleted his training by a course at the Virginia 
Military Institute. When he entered the business 
world it was as proprietor of an automobile garage 
and a dealer in automobiles and supplies, but in 
1911 he disposed of his interests in that direction. 
Mr. Long is well and favorably known in busi- 
ness circles of Roxboro and the surrounding country 
and his standing among his associates and com- 
petitors is an excellent one. He is president of 
the Roxboro Light and Power Company and a di- 
rector in the Peoples Bank, and in various ways 
is an active factor in the busy life of this growing 
locality. He is an adherent of the Good Roads 
Movement and has been able to accomplish much 
good in this way as chairman of the County High- 
way Commission. 

Mr. Long was married February 22, 1914, to 
Miss Oveda Page, of Bartow, Florida, and to this 
union there has been born one child, Laura Oveda. 

John Blackwell Sparrow has spent his active 
life as a business man of Washington, is a banker 



112 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



in that city, and has made himself a factor in its 
civic advancement and welfare. 

His father, the late Thomas Sparrow, was born 
at Newbern in North Carolina in October, 1819, 
and was long distinguished in North Carolina's 
professional and public affairs. He was a son of 
Thomas and Jeanette Sparrow, the former a native 
of Newbern and the latter of Hyde County, this 
state. Thomas Sparrow, Jr., was liberally edu- 
cated, atteuding Caldwell Institute at Greensboro 
from February, 18:i6, to April, 1839. In October, 
18.39, he entered the sophomore class of Princeton 
College, New Jersey, and iu October, 1842 was 
graduated valedictorian. He afterwards took a 
post-graduate course for the Master of Arts de- 
gree. 

In 1842 he began the study of law under Judge 
William Gaston, was licensed to practice in the 
County Court in 184o, and in the Superior Court 
in 1844. Thomas Sparrow locateil at Washington 
in 1847, forming a partnership with Hon. Edward 
Stanley. He rapidly rose to prominence both at 
the bar and in politics. In the Legislature of 
1870 he was chairman of the Board of Managers 
at, the impeachment trial of Gov. W. W. Holdeu. 

Ho left a well established law practice to serve 
his country at the beginning of the war. Jn 
1861 he organized the first company from Beaufort 
County and was one of the most devoted followers 
of the Southern Confederacy. At the battle of 
Hatteras he was taken prisoner and spent six 
months at Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor 
and Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. He was com- 
missioned major of the 40tli North Carolina Artil- 
lery and made inspector of ordnance for the de- 
fenses of the Cape Fear. Headquarters were at 
Wilmington, North Carolina. Major Sparrow 
never surrendered his sword or took the oath of 
allegiance. The sword wliich he carried is now 
in the possession of his son John B. Sparrow. He 
was several times a member of the State Legisla- 
ture. In politics he was alBliated with the old 
whig party and from that became a democrat. He 
was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church. 

In April, 1844, Thomas Sparrow married Ann 
M. Blaekwell, daughter of John Blackwell, of 
Newbern, North Carolina. They had six children: 
Eev. George A. Sparrow, of Lowell, North Caro- 
lina; Anna, wife of Dr. R. H. Lewis, of Raleigh; 
Margaret, Mrs. C. M. Payne, of Raleigh; Eliza- 
beth, Mrs. H. A. McCord of Cliicago; Caroline, 
Mrs. R. F. Dalton, of Greensboro, North Carolina; 
and John B. Sparrow. 

The original ancestors of the Sparrow family 
came from England and were colonial settlers in 
Southeastern Virginia. 

John Blackwell Sparrow was born January 19, 
1860, in the State of Illinois, where his parents 
lived a short time before the war. When he was 
about a year old his parents returned to North 
Carolina and he grew up at Washington. His 
early education was under the direction of a pri- 
vate tutor. Mr. Sparrow was a general merchant 
at Washington for ten years and for thirteen 
years was connected with the firm of S. R. Fowle 
& Son. In May, 1903, he became one of the 
organizers of the Savings & Trust Company of 
Washington and has since been its cashier. He is 
also secretary and treasurer of the Home Build- 
ing and Loan Association. Mr. Sparrow has been 
an official in the Washington Chamber of Com- 
merce, is president of the Washington Public 
Library Association, chairman of the County 
Board of Education, was city clerk and treasurer 



eight years, a member of the city council six vears, 
and is an elder in the Presbyterian Church.' No- 
vember 30, 1892, he married Miss Fannie Tunstall 
Payne, of Lexington, North Carolina, daughter 
of Dr. Robert Lee and Winifred (Wilson) Payne. 
They have one son, Thomas De Lamar, born Sep- 
tember 10, 189.5, and now a student of medicine 
in the University of Pennsylvania. 

Thomas Bbowx Finley. Conspicuous among 
the more talented and able members of the Wilkes 
County bar is Thomas Brown Finley, of North 
Wilkesboro; a lawj'er who has gained prominence 
in his profession; a i)ublic-spirited citizen whose 
intiuence has been felt iu the establishment of 
enterprises conducive to the betterment of the 
community in which he resides; and a business 
man of undoubted ability and integrity. A na- 
tive of Wilkesboro, he was born at Fairmouut, now 
Kensington Heights, a son of Augustus W. Finley, 
and grandson of Maj. John Finley, an early settler 
of Wilkes County. 

Maj. John Finley was born and brought up in 
Adams County, Pennsylvania, where he acquired a 
good education, aud a practical training in busi- 
ness pursuits. Coming in early life to the Valley 
of Virginia and then to North Carolina, he pur- 
chased property in Wilkesboro, and on a rise of 
ground erected a substantial brick house near the 
site of the present courthouse. In partnership with 
Colonel Waugh, he engaged in mercantile business 
on an extensive scale, establishing a chain of stores, 
including one store in each of tlie following named 
places: Wilkesboro; Jefferson; Shouns Cross 
Roads, Tennessee; Lenoir; and one in Cherokee 
County. Buying their goods in the North, this en- 
terprising firm either had them transported with 
teams from Baltimore, or else had them shipped 
to Fayetteville, this state, and transported from 
there with teams. 

In addition to his mercantile interests. Major 
Finley was identified with various other enter- 
prises. He owned valuable real estate, operated a 
tannery, and was interested in a hotel in Wilkes- 
boro. He lived to a ripe old age, dying when 
eighty-seven years old. He married Ellen Tate, 
who was born near Staunton, Virginia, and they 
reared four children, namely: Augustus W.; Wil- 
liam W.; John T.; and Clarinda Eliza, who mar- 
ried Doctor Bouscheele. 

Augustus W. Finley was born in Wilkesboro in 
1812, and died at his home, the present site of 
North Wilkesboro, December 30, 1889. He received 
an academic education, and after reaching man's 
estate migrated to Mississippi, where he embarked 
in mercantile pursuits, while there becoming fa- 
miliar with the language of various Indian tribes. 
Returning to Wilkes County, he purchased land 
including the present site of North Wilkesboro, 
and Fairmount, now known as Kensington Heights, 
where stood the ' ' Red House, ' ' built by Charles 
Gordon, and in the house subsequently erected on 
that spot, he spent many years, and in it occurred 
the birth of his son Thomas, the subject of this 
sketch. 

An extensive agriculturist and land owner and 
dealer, Augustus W. Finley made several trips 
to the then far West, journeying either by stage 
or on horseback. He visited different parts of 
Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota, and in each of 
these states bought land, mostly unimproved. He 
owned large tracts of grazing land in Ashe County, 
North Carolina, where he kept herds of cattle 
during the grazing season, but taking them to 





c^t^-a^^i^ 



L 



n 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



lie 



Wilkesboro winters. A few days prior to his deatli, 
he soli], and signed the deed to 'the tirst lot of 
land sold in North Wilkesboro. 

The maiden name of the wife of Augustus W. 
Finley was Martha Gordon. She was born in 
Wilkesboro, in 1821, a daughter of Nathaniel Gor- 
don, and granddaughter of George Gordon, a 
jiioneer of Wilkes County, a member of the cele- 
brated Gordon family of Scotland. Leaving Vir- 
ginia, his native state when young, George Gordon 
located in Wilkes County, this state, and having 
bought a large tract of land on the west bank of 
Reddies River, close to the present site of North 
Wilkesboro, and extending westward, he improved 
a fine estate, whicli lie operated with slave labor. 
There he spent the remainder of his days, a pros- 
perous agriculturist, and a respected citizen. His 
son, Nathaniel Gordon, father of Martha Gordon, 
and grandfather of Thomas B. Finley, was active 
and prominent in public life, and served several 
terms in the State Legislature, of which he was 
a member at the time of his death. 

Nathaniel Gordon married Sarah Lenoir Gwyn, 
who was born in Wilkes County, and was a mem- 
ber of the family of Lenoirs to which Gen. William 
Lenoir, of Revolutionary fame, belonged. They 
reared several children, among them having been 
Gen. James B. Gordon, in whose sketch, which 
appears on another page of this volume, may be 
found further ancestral record. Of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Finley, eight children were 
born, as follows: Sarah Ellen, who married Sam- 
uel F. Pilson; Martha Octavia; James Edward; 
John George; Carrie G., wife of Frank Pilson; 
Arthur A. ; and Thomas Brown. The mother 
survived her husband several years, passing away 
in 1898. 

Obtaining his early education in the public and 
private schools of Wilkesboro, Thomas Brown Fin- 
ley was fitted for college at the Finley High 
School at Lenoir. He afterward spent three years 
as a student at Davidson College, subsequently 
studying law, for which he had a natural apti- 
tude, under Col. Geo. N. Folk, at his home on the 
Yadkin River, Caldwell County. Admitted to the 
bar in 1885, Mr. Finley immediately opened a law 
office in Wilkesboro, and through his legal knowl- 
edge, ability and skill lias built up an extensive 
and remunerative practice, not only in his own 
county, but in adjoining counties. In his labors, 
he has been associated with other attorneys of 
note, having first been in partnership with John S. 
Craner; later with H. L. Greene; and since 1902 
has been witli F. B. Hendren. 

Keenly interested in everything pertaining to 
the welfare of city and county, Mr. Finley has 
lieen actively identified with enterprises of a bene- 
ficial nature. He was one of the founders of the 
Town of North Wilkesboro, and was one of the 
organizers, and a director of its first bank. He 
has always taken a genuine interest in agricul- 
ture, and in 1907 was a member of the Wilkes 
County Corn Club, and raised 110 bushels of corn 
to the acre, and won the first prize. He was one 
of the promoters of the Wilkes County Fair As- 
sociation, which he has served as president since 
its organization in 1908. He is also president of 
the Oak Furniture Co., The Shell Chair Co., and 
the Gordon Hotel Co., director in various other 
companies, and the chairman of the Graded School 
Board of Trustees. Mr. Finley has title to vast 
tracts of real estate, owning upwards of 16,000 
acres of mountain land, mucli of which is covered 



with valualde timber, and more than a 1,000 acres 
in the vicinity of Wilkesboro. 

A loyal supporter of the principles of the demo- 
cratic party, Mr. Finley is active and prominent 
in public affairs, and at the solicitation of friends 
became a candidate for nomination for judge in 
1910. The convention met at Newton, but ad- 
journed without nominating, and later convened at 
Hickory, over 700 ballots were cast, with Mr. 
Finley leading the field until the final combination 
was made. He served as an elector on the presi- 
dential ticket in 1916, casting his vote for Wood- 
row Wilson at Ealeigh, and was present at Wash- 
ington when both houses of Congress met to pro- 
claim the vote for President of the United States. 
On June 1, 1918, T. B. Finley was nominated 
for judge of the 17th .Judicial District in the 
primary, by an overwhelming majority over two 
opponents. This nomination is equivalent to an 
election as judges are elected by the entire state. 

Mr. Finley married September 27, 1893, Miss 
Carrie Lizzie Cowles, who was born in Wilkesboro, 
a daughter of Col. W. H. H. and Cora (Worth) 
Cowles. Her father was a distinguished Con- 
federate colonel, solicitor for eight years, and a 
member of Congress for eight years. Into their 
attractive home five children have been born, 
namely : Lura, wife of Mc 'd. Coffey ; Thomas 
Augustus, who was graduated from Davidson Col- 
lege with the class of 1917; Corinna C. ; Ellen and 
Elizabeth. Mrs. Finley has two brothers in the 
arm}', one at West Point, and their only son and 
son-in-law are in the Navy and the other mem- 
bers of the family are doing their best for their 
country. The family are all members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. Their home, "The Oaks," a 
finely built, modern structure, is beautifully lo- 
cated on a hillside, overlooking the valley and the 
mountains beyond, and is noted for its generous 
hospitality, the friends of each and every member 
of the family always being warmly welcomed. 

Joseph Reid Fletcher. One of the most sub- 
stantial names in mercantile affairs at Winston- 
Salem is that of Fletcher. The Fletcher Brothers, 
including Joseph Reid, have for many years con- 
ducted a large wholesale and retail clothing house 
in that city, and have a trade covering practically 
all Western North Carolina and Southern states. 

It was after a long and thorough apprenticeship 
as a clerk, traveling salesman and general busi- 
ness man that Joseph R. Fletcher entered the pres- 
ent firm at Winston-Salem. He is also well known 
in banking and public affairs in that city. Mr. 
Fletcher was born on a farm in East Bend Town- 
ship of Yadkin County. His grandfather Ambrose 
Fletcher is thought to have been a native of the 
same locality. He was a shoemaker by trade. 
When he practiced that art shoe factories had not 
come into existence. The trade of shoemaker was 
one of the best of the manual arts. All shoes and 
boots were made to order and in the hands of 
a skilled operative the trade was a most profit- 
able one. Ambrose Fletcher followed this busi- 
ness practically all his life in Y'adkin County. 

John F. Fletcher, father of the Winston-Salem 
merchant, was born in East Bend Township in 
what was then Surry County, learned the trade of 
his father, and subsequently bought a farm near 
the present site of Enon Cliurch. Early in the 
war he enlisted and gave faithful service to the 
Confederate cause. Following the war he lived on 
his farm for several years and while sui)crintend- 



114 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



ing its operations he also followed his trade. Later 
he rented the farm and mo%'ing to Winston-Salem 
spent the rest of his days in that city. He mar- 
ried Caroline Brann. She was born near the 
present site of Enon Chapel in East Bend Town- 
ship. The gi'andparents were of German ancestry 
and from their former home in Caswell County 
moved to what is now East Bend Township of 
Yadkin County, and there hewed a farm from the 
woods. Caroline Brann 's father was Thomas 
Brann, who was born on the homestead that has 
been her birthplace. He was a farmer, lived 
prosperously and diligently in that community all 
his life. Mrs. John F. Fletcher is still living at 
Winston-Saleni at the age of seventy-four. She 
reared seven children: Lueinda, Joseph Reid, New- 
ton G., Hiram D., John Henry, Cora Elizabeth, and 
Thomas Luther. All the children are living ex- 
cept Lufinda, Hiram D. and Tliomas Luther. 

Joseph R. Fletcher as a boy attended rural 
schools and subsequently the Oak Ridge Institute. 
While in the institute he was assistant teacher 
part of the time. He was graduated in 1886 and 
following that had a year of experience as a 
teacher. C!oming to Winston-Salem, he learned 
merchandising as clerk for Jacob Tise, and then 
entered the offices of P. H. Hanes & Co., where he 
spent eleven years. For two years Mr. Fletcher 
traveled over much of the country selling rice and 
coffee for a wholesale house at Charleston, South 
Carolina. Next he was agent for a hosiery mill 
five years. In the meantime he had become finan- 
cially interested in the clothing business with his 
brothers John H., Newton G. and Thomas L., under 
the firm name of Fletcher Brothers. He is now 
actively identified as a partner in that concern, and 
though they started modestly and with small cap- 
ital the establishment has been built up to large 
proportions and influential connections throughout 
this section of the state. 

Mr. Fletcher was married in 1898 to Catherine 
Conner Broughton, who was born in Clarendon 
County, South Carolina. She is a daughter of 
Col. Jackson J. and Mrs. (Harven) Broughton, 
and is a lineal descendant of Sir Thomas Brough- 
ton, who was a memlier of King George's privy 
council. Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher have two children : 
Frances Josephine and Joseph Reid, .Jr. Mrs. 
Fletcher is an active member of the First Presby- 
terian Church while Mr. Fletcher is a member of 
the Board of Beacons of the First Baptist Church. 
He is also a director of the Merchants National 
Bank at Winston-Salem. 

During his residence at Winston-Salem Mr. 
Fletcher 's interest has always been keen in local 
affairs, and for four years he served as an alder- 
man. During that time he was chairman of the 
waterworks committee and the finance committee. 

Thomas N. Chaffin. An active and able mem- 
ber of the Davie County bar, Thomas N. Chaffin, 
a prosperous attorney of Mocksville, has won 
prestige in the legal profession, and holds high 
rank among the more useful and respected mem- 
bers of his community. He was born, July 6, 1867, 
in Mocksville, his home city, while his father, Mar- 
tin Rowan Chaffin, was born on a farm lying two 
miles south of Mocksville, his birth occurring No- 
vember 25, 1828. 

Mr. Chaffin 's grandfather, William O. Chaffin, 
was a pioneer teacher of Rowan County, and a 
man of considerable influence. In a very early day 
he moved to Indiana where he continued his resi- 



dence until his death. He was twice married. The 
maiden name of 'his first wife was Hendrix. She 
died in early womanhood, leaving two children, 
Martin Rowan and Sarah. By his second marriage 
he had two children, Stanley and Emily, both of 
whom settled in Kansas. 

Martin Rowan Cliaffin studied under Baxter 
Clegg when young, accjuiring an excellent educa- 
tion, and for many years was a successful and pop- 
ular teacher in the public schools. He has spent 
his entire life in Davie County, since 1866 having 
made his home in Mocksville. On September 15, 
1858, he was united in marriage with Mary F. 
McClennon, who was born June 3, 1835. She died 
September 10, 1861, leaving two children, both of 
whom died in childhood. He married second, June 
15, 1865, Emma Frances Brock, who was born No- 
vember 18, 1838, a daughter of Nathaniel and 
Clarissa (Smith) Brock, both natives of Davie 
County. Slie died August 17, 1911. To her and 
her husband seven children were born, as follows: 
Aura A., who married S. M. Halton ; Thomas N., 
of this sketch; William B., deceased; Jessie B., 
wife of A. M. McGlamary; Corinue, wife of 
Joseph W. Kimbrough; Clara T., who married 
Bruce Craven; and Helen E., wife of Oscar Rich. 

Having laid a good foundation for his future 
eilucation in the public schools of Mocksville, 
Thomas N. Chaffin attended Trinity College for a 
year. Beginning life as a teacher, he first taught 
in School No. 2, Howard District, Davie County, 
subsequently having charge of schools in both 
Bethel and Elbaville. Ambitious to enter the legal 
profession, Mr. Chaffin while yet employed as a 
teacher, studied law under the preeeptorship of 
Quinton Holton, and proved himself so apt a stu- 
dent that in 1889 he was admitted to practice. He 
taught school one more year after receiving his 
license, and then located in Wilkesboro, where he 
was engaged in the practice of his profession for 
two years. Returning then to Mocksville, his 
native place, Mr. Cliaffin has since built up a 
large and extremely satisfactory patronage as a 
lawyer of high standing, and has also established 
an extensive insurance business. 

Mr. Chaffin married, January 15, 1893, Miss 
Pattie E. Reid, daughter of Rev. Numa and Sallie 
(Wright) Reid. She died December 24, 1905, 
leaving one daughter, Emma L., now a student in 
Trinity College. Mr. Chaffin married for his sec- 
ond wife, February 14, 1907, Miss Ida F. Betts, 
who was born in Ashboro, North Carolina, in Oc- 
tober, 1885, a daughter of Albert L. and Lettie 
(Hannah) Betts. By this marriage there are five 
children living, namely: Sarah, Hattie, Louise, 
Albert N. and William "B. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cliaffin are active members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in the Sunday school 
of which he was for four years the superintendent. 
Fraternally Mr. Chaffin is identified by membership 
with Mocksville Council No. 226, Junior Order of 
I'nited American Mechanics. 

George Hackney, Jr., is one of the jirominent 
young business executives of Washington, has had 
a wide experience in manufacturing lines, and is 
now at the head of one of the leading automobile 
saJes agencies in that part of the state. 

He was born in Wilson, North Carolina, Novem- 
ber 30, 1887, son of George and Bessie (Acra) 
Hackney. His father for a long period of years 
has been prominent in manufacturing circles. 
The son was educated in the public schools, in 



TTLD 





' yiiA^Z^^':UJ^ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



115 



the Biiigliaiii Military Schoo.l, and in the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. He returned from 
college to become associated with his father 's 
manufacturing business, and in 1907 organized 
the Washington Buggy Company, of which he was , 
owner and manager. He sold that part of the 
business August 19, 1914, and has since concen- 
trated his energies upon the automobile business. 
He has the general agency both in North and 
South Carolina and Georgia for the Stewart Auto- 
mobile trucks. He also organized and established 
the Hassell Supply Company, but has since sold 
his interests in that organization. Mr. Hackney 
is a. former president of the Chamber of Commerce 
of Washington and is alHliated with the Benevolent 
an<l Protective Order of Elks. 

December 2'A, 190S, he married Miss Eva Has- 
sell, of Washington. They have one child, Eva 
Hassell Hackney. 

Win>i.\M G. Cr.^nford is one of the best known 
residents of Winston-Salem, was long engaged in 
business there, and is still practicing his jirofes- 
sion as a veterinary surgeon. As a youth he had 
comparatively few opportunities, since he was 
an orphan child, and has proved his ability in 
every cajiacity and in every relationship in his 
mature life. 

He was born on a farm about five miles from 
Salisbury in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 
June, 1801. His father, Wilburn Cranford, was 
born in Montgomery County, North Carolina, 
reared and educated there, and for a number of 
years wa.s overseer of a large plantation. Later 
he bought a farm of his own in Rowan County and 
lived there until his death early in 1861, three 
months before the birth of his youngest child, 
William G. Wilburn Cranford married Martha 
Elizabeth Todd, a native of Rowan County and 
daughter of Joseph Todd. Joseph Todd was a 
planter and slave owner the most of his life in 
Rowan County. Mrs. Wilburn Cranford died in 
1867, leaving four children: Frank, a resident of 
San Francisco, California; Scott, a resident of 
Portsmouth, Ohio; Maggie, wife of John Page, 
of Salisbury; and William G. 

Only six years of age when his mother died, 
the young orphan, William G. Cranford, was then 
taken to the home of Jeremiah Raeber, a farmer 
and miller in Rowan County. Thus he grew up 
practically among strangers, had limited educa- 
tional opportunities, and early became accus- 
tomed to hard work as means of self support. At 
the age of twenty-one he began learning the black- 
smith '» trade in the railroad shops at Salisbury. 

Mr. Ci'anford is an old resident of Winston- 
Salem, where he located in 1886. Here he became 
an employe of Mr. Ed Spach, a blacksmith, and 
eleven months later they formed a partnership. 
It was a successful business alliance and was only 
interrupted by the death of Mr. Spach in 1904. 
After that Mr. Cranford became sole owner of the 
business and continued it on his own responsibility 
for a number of years. Finally C. W. Snyder 
became his partner, and they were together until 
1916, when the business was discontinued. 

During the early '90s Mr. Cranford began the 
study of veterinary surgery. He attended lec- 
tures by some of the well known representatives of 
that profession, and having a natural inclination 
for the work he rapidly acquired a mastery of 
the fundajnentals required for practice. He has 
been in active practice for the past seventeen 



years, and his services are in wide demand over 
the territory around Winston-Salem. Doctor Cran- 
ford has always been a firm believer in the great- 
ness and the future prosperity of Winston-Salem. 
That faith he has put to the supreme test by in- 
vesting freely of his surplus profits in local real 
estate, and it has justified his confidence. 

In 189.5 he married Miss Jessie E. Talley, a 
native of Forsyth County and daughter of Rich- 
ard and Mary Ann (Miller) Talley. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cranford have five children: Cliarles Wil- 
burn, Joseph Edward, Phillip Eugene, Lillian 
Estelle and Franklin Richard. Franklin Richard 
has shown a wonderful gift and talent in music, 
wliile Phillip is none the less gifted in art. The 
walls of tlie family home are decorated with many 
lieautiful sketches in water colors executed by 
him. His work has been awarded the first prize 
in several exliibitions. Doctor and Mrs. CVan- 
ford ai-e active members of the First Baptist 
Church of Winston-Salem. He is affiliated with 
Liberty Council No. 3, Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics, with Salem Lodge No. '.'6, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and Winston 
Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons. He has also served nine years as member of 
the board of commissioners of Winston. 

Thomas A. Butner of Winston-Salem, had an 
ambition when a boy to make something of him- 
self and his opportunities in the world, and he 
sought the opening through the trade of car- 
penter. He became a good journeyman carpenter, 
found increasing responsibilities, and gradually 
develo{)ed a business as a contractor and builder. 
At the present time he maintains an efficient 
organization and has handled some of the largest 
contracts in Forsyth County. His other interests 
are widespread and he is an effective factor in the 
civic and religious life of his community. 

He is a native of Forsyth County, born on a 
farm near Bethania January 1, 1870. He comes 
of some of the German stock that was trans- 
planted to this section of North Carolina in 
pioneer times. His great-grandfather Thomas 
Butner was a native of Germany, and on coming 
to America settled in what is now Forsyth County. 
There he bought a tract of land, made a farm of 
it, and found his profit and plea.sure there the rest 
of his life. The old homestead was near the pi'es- 
ent site of New Hope Church. His remains now 
rest in the New Hope Churchyard. • 

Of his numerous family of sons, one was also 
named Thomas, and was born near Salem, North 
(.larolina. He grew up on a farm and made agri- 
culture his lifelong vocation. So far as known he 
never went far from the place of his birth and 
lived and died in the community where he was 
born. He married a Miss George. 

William Butner, father of Thomas A., was born 
also in the northern part of Forsyth County, and 
served a thorough apprenticeship at the black- 
smith's trade. For several years he conducted a 
shop in Salem, but then bought a farm near the 
old homestead, and lived there until his death in 
1900. He married Mary Kerney, who was born 
near Bethania, a daughter of Alexander and 
Catherine (Rothrick) Kerney, the former a native 
of Stokes County and the latter of Davidson 
County. Mrs. Mary Butner died in 191.5. She 
reared three children, Sarah, Carrie and Thomas 
A. Carrie died when twelve years of age. Sarah 
liecame the wife of H. P. Fansler. 



116 



HISTOKV OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Thomas A. Butiier speut his childhoo.l and 
early youth on the old tarm in Forsyth County. 
His educational advantages were those afforded by 
the public schools. At the age of eighteen he 
put his ambitions into definite form by beginning 
au apprenticeship at the carpenter 's trade. Alto- 
gether he served eight years as an apprentice and 
journeyman worker and was then given charge of 
construction as carpenter foreman. After another 
eight years experience he graduated into business 
for liimself as a contractor and builder. 

In 1896 Mr. Butuer bought a farm two miles 
northwest of the courthouse at Winston -Salem, 
and has since given more or less active supervision 
to its management. In 1912 he bought an interest 
in a drug store on Trade Street in Winston, and in 
1916 became sole proprietor. By strict fidelity to 
the principles of business honor he has prospered 
and has gained an influential place in his com- 
munity. 

When twenty years of age Mr. Butner married 
Anna Hege. She was born in Davidson County, 
daughter of George W. Hege. When she died in 
1897 she left three children: Etta, Ruth and 
Oscar. Etta married Fred Brewer and her children 
are named Grady, Louise, Fred J. Ruth is the 
wife of Will P. Yow, and their children are Naomi 
and Nellie. For his present wife Mr. Butner 
married Lillie M. Harvel. She was horn in Yadkin 
County, North Carolina, daughter of Lewis P. 
Harvel. Mr. and Mrs. Butner have six children: 
Paul B., Myrtle E., Leo, Margaret, Thomas J. and 
Cyril. 

The religious association of Mr. and Mrs. Butner 
is with the Calvary Moravian Church, in which 
he has served as a member of the board of trustees 
and the board of elders. He and his wife are 
members of Liberty Council of the Junior Order 
of United American Mechanics and he is affiliated 
with Winston Aerie Xn. 7.''.2, Fraternal Order of 
Eagles, and Twin City Camp No. 27 Woodmen of 
the World. 

Frank T. Meacham, superintendent of the state 
experimental farm for the Piedmont region of 
North Carolina, has for the past fourteen years 
been a leading and influential citizen of Statesville 
and his activity in business affairs, his co-operation 
in public interests and his zealous support of all 
objects that he believes will contribute to the ma- 
terial, social or moral improvement of the com- 
munity kaeps him in the foremost rank of those 
to whom this section owes its development and 
present position as one of the leading rural dis- 
tricts of the state. His life is characterized by 
upright, honorable principles and it also exemplifies 
the truth of the Emersonian philosophy that "the 
way to win a friend is to be one.'' His genial, 
kindly manner wins him the high regard and good 
will of all with whom he comes in contact and 
thus he is popular throughout this entire region. 

A native of Missouri, Frank T. Meacham was 
born in Scott County, that state, in 1869, and he 
is a son of Daniel and Julia (Christopher) 
Meacham. Although born in Missouri, Mr. 
Meacham is of North Carolina parentage and an- 
cestry and was raised in this state. His father 
was a native of Cumberland County, North Caro- 
lina, and he served throughout the Civil war as a 
Confederate soldier. Soon after the close of the 
war he located in Benton, Scott County, Missouri. 
In the early '70s, however, the family returned to 
North Carolina and settled on a farm in Wake 



County, some three miles from Raleigh. Under 
the sturdy discipline of this farm Frank T. 
Meacham was reared to maturity and from his 
earliest youth he was imbued mth the idea of 
.becoming a splendid, scientific farmer. With this 
idea uppermost in mind he entered the Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical College of North Carolina 
and was graduated as a member of its first class, 
in 1893, with tlie degree of Bachelor of Science. 
After completing the four years ' course he won a 
post-graduate scholarship, giving him an addi- 
tional year of study in the college; accordingly, he 
spent another year in study and received the de- 
gree of Master of Science, in 1894. He then ob- 
tained a position on the great Vanderbilt estate, 
' ' Biltimore, ' ' at Asheville, where he remained for 
a number of years. It is a well known fact that 
the Vanderbilts employ only the most adequately 
equipped men as managers and department super- 
intendents and tlie fact that Mr. Meacham re- 
mained in their employ for a number of years 
speaks well for his ability. 

In 190.'!, when it was decided by the state to 
establish an experimental farm somewhere in the 
center of the Piedmont region of North Caro- 
lina, Mr. Meacham was selected by the state au- 
thorities to assume charge of this enterprise and 
he was given the position of superintendent, an 
office he has filled with the utmost efficiency during 
the long intervening years up to the present time, 
in 1917. A location for the farm was chosen in 
Iredell County, some two miles northwest of States- 
ville, on the Taylorsville Road, in which vicinity 
210 acres of land were purchased at a cost of $22 
per acre. The place selected was an abandoned 
homestead but it possessed the required natural 
advantages for developing an experimental station. 
It is located most advantageously between the 
Taylorsville Pike and the Southern Railway. The 
object of the farm, as previously intimated, is to 
help the farmers of the Piedmont region. This 
section differs from other parts of the state, inas- 
much as the farmers here own and work them- 
selves moderate sized farms, while elsewhere in the 
state, large plantations, worked mostly by negro 
tenants, is the rule. From the very beginning the 
farmers of this region manifested and have con- 
tinued to manifest a deep and abiding interest in 
the farm, much to their own great benefit and 
profit. 

The first constructive work, in starting this 
farm, was to lay out the fields in experimental 
plots, terracing the land to prevent washing by 
rains, and raising it to an up-to-date farm. This 
Mr. Meacham has accomplished. He then planned 
the experiments to be carried out and each suc- 
ceeding year has witnessed this place as one of 
increased usefulness to the surrounding farmers, 
for whose benefit it was originally planned. The 
buildings on the place were planned and con- 
structed in keeping with the nature of the work 
and they are modern and convenient in every par- 
ticular. Mr. Meacham laid out pastures and im- 
mediately began a number of experiments with va- 
rious field crops and grasses. He has obtained for 
the farm several varieties of live stock for breed- 
ing purposes and has established foundation herds 
and flocks for the good of the farmers of this 
section. An orchard of twelve acres was launched, 
on which a variety of fruits have been grown in 
order to determine which are best adapted for the 
Piedmont soil, both from the standpoint of suc- 
cessful cultivation and profitableness for market- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



11/ 



ing. The orehartls of this farm have been em- 
inently siioccssful and tinancially profitable far be- 
yond expoetation. Numerous fruits have been 
grown with marked success but experiments have 
shown that peaches, on account of their great de- 
mand and the elimination of cold storage, are the 
most profitable for this region. 

In regard to live stock it has been found advan- 
tageous to take beef cattle from the mountain dis- 
tricts of the western part of the state and fatten 
them for the eastern markets from the by-products 
of the farm. In this connection it has been dem- 
onstrated that the Piedmont farms can also be 
largely improved by the manure derived from the 
cattle thus fed. A herd of Poland-China hogs has 
been maintained on the experimental farm for 
many years jiast and hog-raising, both for food 
and for breeding foundation, has been found very 
remunerative. A small herd of Jersey cattle, 
chiefly for home use, has also been maintained on 
the farm and the offspring of this herd has been 
placed locally on various adjacenf farms, the re- 
sult being a grading-up of the farmers' herds. 

A flock of 200 thoroughbred Rhode Island Red 
poultry was installed on the farm for experimental 
purposes and has proved most profitable as food 
since the inception of the war. 

The field crops grown are those that are pro- 
duced largely through the scientific application of 
fertilizers. The staple crops, such as cotton, corn, 
wheat, oats and peas, are used to determine the 
tiest varieties adapted for this section of the state. 
Plots of pure-bred improved crops have been grown 
largely for local seed distribution to farmers. 

Referring again to live stock, Mr. Meacham early 
saw the necessity for improved work stock for the 
Piedmont region, namely — larger and better horses. 
In this connection one of his most recent importa- 
tions to the farm is a large pure-bred Percheron 
stallion, heading what he is developing into a 
Percheron breeding stud of jnire-bred stallions and 
mares, the ob.iect of which is to improve the size 
and quality of the work horses of the farms of the 
community. As a result of this enterprise some 
400 graded Percheron colts and horses have been 
placed on farms of this section. 

Another of the recent additions to the farm is a 
flock of sheep, installed for purposes similar to 
those related in regard to the horses, and it is 
expected that this experiment also will be a great 
success on account of the constantly soaring prices 
of mutton and wool and on account of the elimina- 
tion of the sheep-killing dog. 

Mr. Meacham has employed every possible means 
of placing the results of his successful experiments 
immediately before the farmers, whom they are 
calculated to benefit. He cultivates a personal 
acquaintance with the farmers and encourages them 
to visit the farm, where they are shown practical 
demonstrations either by himself or by his as- 
sistants. All through the growing season parties 
of interested farmers daily visit the place and are 
cheerfully shown the results of experiments that 
may mean considerable profit to themselves. Prac- 
tically all the work on the farm is labeled in plain 
' ' farmer 's ' ' language. Farmers ' institutes have 
been held at various and frequent intervals and the 
interest in these in late years has grown to such 
an extent that they are frequently attended by 
from 2,000 to 3,000 farmers, often accompanied 
by their wives and families. In addition to the 
institutes, lectures and demonstrations are given 
on the farm and during the summer months pic- 



nics are given by different communities of farmers, 
the same being a source of pleasure and recreation 
to the farmer; these gatherings are usually ad- 
dressed by speakers of prominence in the agri- 
cultural world. 

Reverting to Mr. Meacham 's biographical sketch, 
he married, December 29, 1896, Miss Eflae Bar- 
nard, of Asheville. They have seven fine, vigorous 
children: Frank, Julia, Hilda, Effie, Earl, Hazel, 
James Edward. In his family life and home ad- 
ministration, Mr. Meacham carries out the same 
practical method and system that he uses in con- 
ducting his business. He keeps strict account of 
all personal and household expenditures, an inter- 
esting feature of which shows .iust what the rear- 
ing of each of his children costs. 

Mr. Meacham 's personal habits from boyhood 
have been of the most exemplary character. He 
lias never smoked, drank, wasted time, or indulged 
in any habits or vanities that would detract from 
his maintaining the highest personal efficiency. 
However, he and his family live generously on the 
best the land affords, they have an exceptionally 
happy and comfortable home and enjoy all the 
wholesome pleasures of life. There has been very 
little sickness in the family and Mr. Meacham, 
liimself, has not lost a day out of his work for 
the past twenty-eight years, nor has he missed a 
regular meal during all that time. High personal 
efficiency shows results of a like kind in one's 
work and this is particularly true of Mr. Meacham 
and his life work. Nothing under his jurisdiction 
is ever wasted and the result is the greatest good 
to the greatest number. 

Mr. Meacham is genial in his associations, af- 
fable in his address, generous in his judgment of 
his fellow men, and courteous to all. As a citizen 
and enthusiast of his home locality, it is but just 
to say that communities will prosper and grow in 
proportion as they put a premium on men of his 
mold. 

Neill Al.E.XANDER CuRRlE. In the business 
world of Bladen County, and more particularly 
in the territory immediately contiguous to the 
City of Clarkton, there is no name better oi more 
favorably known than that of Neill Alexander 
Currie. Belonging to a family the members of 
which have long held a foremost place in com- 
mercial, public and civic life, he is worthily rep- 
resenting the honored name which he bears, not 
alone as a business man but as an influential 
supporter of the best interests of his section and 
its people. 

Mr. Currie was born at CTlarkton, Bladen County, 
North Carolina, in 1872, a son of Hon. John Dun- 
can and Amanda Louise (Cromartie) Currie, and 
on both sides of the family is of ]iure Scotch stock, 
these names having lieen known and revered in 
the Cape Fear community from a period dating 
before the outbreak of the War of the Revolu- 
tion. The father of Mr. Currie was one of the 
most distinguished North Carolinians of his day 
in this part of the state, and passed his life at 
Clarkton. He attended the I'^niversity of North 
Carolina until his senior year, when he gave up 
his studies to enlist as a soldier in the Confederate 
Army, which he was finally forced to leave after 
his third wound because of disability, in 1864. 
Returning to Clarkton, he entered business and 
later agriculture, was editor of a paper largely 
devoted to the cause of education, and was sent 
to rejiresent his fellow citizens in the Legislative 



118 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Imlls of tlie state. A review of tlie career of tliis 
distiuguished citizen will be fouuil elsewhere in 
this work. 

Neill Alexander Currie was educated in the 
public schools of Clarkton and at the University 
of North Carolina, where he was a student for 
three years. After comiug out of college he .en- 
gaged' in the mercantile business at Clarkton, 
succeeding to the original enterprise, whicli hail 
been founded by his father in 186ti. Mr. Currie 
built up and has for many years carried on a 
large general merchandise and ]ilantation supply 
business that for sueeesstul mana<j;enient, higli 
standing in the commercial world, and popularity 
with the purchasing public in the quite extensive 
territory the .store covers, is second to none otlicj- 
in this section of North Carolina. It is a com- 
mercial house the success of which is built upon 
honor and transacts a business the yearly volume 
of which is very large. Mr. Currie is widely known 
as one of the best business men of this j art of 
the state. 

Like his late father, Mr. Currie has taken a . 
jirominent part in public affairs and in the de- 
velopment and commercial expansion of the in- 
terests of Clarkton and the rich surrounding- 
agricultural territory, which is noted for its fine 
farms. He served several years on the board of 
county commissioners of Bladen County and was 
chairman thereof for two years. He is an elder 
in the Presbyterian Church, known as Brown 
Marsh Church, and which is one of the oldest 
and most historic churches in the Cape Fear 
section, its written records going back to 1795, 
with the probability that it was founded some' 
years earlier than that date. 

Mr. Currie married Miss Augusta Evans, of 
Cumberland County, North Carolina, a member 
of one of the oldest and most hi.storic families of 
that county, and a daughter of the late Erasmus 
Evans. To this union there have been born live 
children: Isabella Campliell, Augusta t>ans, 
John Duncan, Neill Alexander, Jr., and Annie 
Kelso Currie. 

John Marshall Clement, son of John Clement 
and his wife, Nancy Bailey, was born in what was 
then Rowan County, now Davie, on November 1, 
1825. His first teachers in Mocksville were Mr. 
Buford, Mr. Peter S. Ney, and Rev. Baxter Clegg. 
the second named being the reputed French mar- 
shal. Mr. Clement was small when he attended 
Mr. Ney 's school, but retained the same vivid 
impressions of him which seemed ever to follow 
Ney. E\en the scar across the forehead, which 
to many is convicing proof of his identity with 
Napoleon 's greatest general, he would describe 
graphicaUy, as well as the fencing lessons given 
to the larger boys with canes cut from the forest 
in which the little schoolhouse stood. While con- 
sidering him by far the most imjiressive and 
unique acquaintance of his youth, Mr. Clement -was 
not entirely persuaded he was Marshal Ney, from 
the fact of his profound erudition and culture, 
while history teaches us the real Ney was com- 
paratively unlearned. 

Mr. Clement went to Bethany, in Iredell County, 
when he was about sixteen years of age, and en- 
tered the school of Hugh R. Hall. Afterward he 
attended Mr. Clegg 's school, the Mocksville Acad- 
emy, until 1844, when he went to the North and 
entered Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania. The journey was made by private con- 



veyance and stage, and was long and tedious. Very 
interesting was his account of the City of Wash- 
ington at that period, his visit to the White 
House, Capitol, and other public places. The 
Capitol was at some distance from the city, and 
was reached by a path across open country, where 
the grand Pennsylvania Avenue now is. He re- 
maiiied in Gettysburg during his entire collegiate 
course of two years, as the distance was considered 
so great and travel so slow. A great grief was his, 
on August .'U, 1845, being caused by the death of 
his father. Between the father and son was 
an unusual depth of love and feeling, dis- 
tinguished by pride on the part of the father and 
implicit faith and obedience on part of the son. 
He was a close student, and this, combineil with 
a naturally bright mind, won many honors for him 
in society and class, and he was chosen valedic- 
torian in June, 1846. After graduation he re- 
turne<l home and assumed, at the youthful age 
of twenty-one, control of his father 's estate, the 
guardianship of his younger brothers and sis- 
ters, and relief of the brave little mother. How' 
well he fulfilled that trust with his own busy 
professional life is shown in a remark made after 
his death by his youngest brother, Captain W. A. 
Clement : "I never questioned my obedience to 
him, never looked upon him as brother, but as a 
father, and never had an unkind word or look 
from him. ' ' 

He read law at Richmond Hill with Chief Jus- 
tice Richmond M. Pearson, for whom he always 
cherished the fondest love of a friend and the 
highest admiration as a teacher. He was licensed 
to practice law at June term, 1848. 

He was married on .January 18, ISoIi, to Miss 
Mary Jane Hayden, only daughter of William 
Hayden, and his wife, Mary Welch. By this mar- 
riage he had ten children. Three sons died in 
childhood, .John Hayden, Marshall and Eugene, and 
one daughter, Mary Elizabeth, in graceful Chris- 
tian womanhood. Those surviving are: Louis 
Henry Clement, attorney, Salisliury, North Caro- 
lina; Mrs. H. H. Trundle, Leesburg, Virginia: 
Mrs. E. L. Gaither, Mrs. Julia C. Heitman, Her- 
bert and Walter R. Clement, of Mocksville, North 
Carolina. 

Much of the success of his business and pro- 
fessional life he attributed to his noble Chris- 
tion wife, his love for her lieing the crown of his 
life. Combining in an unusual degree mental en- 
dowments with a liberal education and great ex- 
ecutive ability, during frequent long absences, at- 
tendant on his far-reaching practice, she never 
allowed any part of his home affairs, including a 
large number of slaves and several plantations, 
to feel the lack of the ' ' master 's hand. ' ' He con- 
sidered her price ' ' far above rubies, ' ' and always 
referred to her as his ' ' court of highest appeal. ' ' 
Their home was open to the kindest hospitality, 
and many good and distinguished men and women 
met around their board. 

In his early life he served one term in the Leg- 
islature of North Carolina. The rest of his life 
he devoted to his jjrofession, in which he was 
wonderfully successful. His practice was wide and 
varied, embracing a large number of capital cases, 
but in the latter part of his life he refused to 
appear for the prosecution where life was at 
stake. His devotion to his clients was proverbial, 
and it was said of him the more desperate the 
case the harder he labored. By his close appli- 
cation he had so mastered the law that its most 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



119 



intricate problems he could reason out as if by 
intuition. He was a brilliant speaker, a elose rea- 
souer, an accurate pleader, and a profound lawyer.- 
Before the courts where he practiced, both State 
and Federal, none stood higher than John Marshall 
Clement. Illustrating his legal acumen and pro- 
found knowledge of the princiiales of equity, at 
June term, 1861, of the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina, he argued for the plaintiff the case of 
Sains vs. Dulin (39 N. C. Kept. 195). His views 
of the doctrine of equity involved were not 
adopted by the Supreme Court at that time; but 
in 1900, after his death, the case of Luton vs. 
Badham (127 N. C. Kept., 96) was decided, 
which overruled Sain vs. Dulin, supra, and sus- 
tained Mr. Clement's view of the case. Judge 
D. M. Furches, a native of Davie County, and who 
practiced law for many years in the same town 
with Mr. Clement, and who admired him greatly, 
on the day the court filed this opinion, he deliv- 
ering the opinion, wrote a letter to a member 
of Mr. Clement's family, saying it gave him pleas- 
ure to let them know that the doctrine contended 
for by him nearly forty years before had been 
adopted. In the same letter he also communicated 
the pleasing information, which was given him by 
Charles Price, of Salisbury, North Caroliim, that 
Mr. Clement during the war had kindly furnished 
books to a Federal prisoner in Salisbury, who 
afterward became a distinguished judge of the 
Federal Court of Appeals. 

In 1878 Mr. Clement's name was iiresenteii by 
his friends to the democratic judicial convention 
for judge, but despite the strenuous efforts of 
these friends he failed to receive the nomination, 
though all conceded his splendid ability and fit- 
ness. It is no secret that he would have been 
elevated to the Supreme Court bench but for the 
condition of his health, which was delicate for 
many years before his death. He was considered 
by all eminently qualified, both in learning and 
character, to adorn the highest judicial tribunal 
of our state. 

In his home life he was at his best. So gentle, 
loving and kind, yet firm, wise and just, always 
unyielding in any point he considered best for his 
children 's highest good, he was an ideal parent, 
for while he loved his own, he was quick to see 
their faults and to correct the same, and as ever 
ready to commend and reward worth. Cheerful 
in his disposition, entertaining in conversation, 
genial and gentle in manner, he was a most nota- 
ble and attractive man. His religious life was 
deep and quiet, but was founded on the Rock, 
Christ Jesus, as he was taught in his childhood at 
his mother's knee, and at the all-day Sabbath 
School of Joppa Presbyterian Cliureh. Although 
his professional duties called him to various Jior- 
tions of this and other states, his home was within 
a half mile of where he was born, and he now sleeps 
in the old Clement graveyard on the hill, just be- 
yond, overlooking .the meadow and playground of 
his boyhood — a fit, peaceful resting place, so near 
to home, so close to heaven. Mr. Clement died 
June 4, 1886. 

I 
Louis Henry .Clement. Only to the few and 
the best in any profession can such rare distinc- 
tions come as have been bestowed ujion Louis 
Henry Clement during his long and active career 
as a lawyer. These distinctions are measured 
less by conspicuous public place than by straight- 
forward and valuable service, much of it quite 



unknown and appreciated by the general pub- 
lic, in the walks of his profession. 

How he is regarded by the profession in gen- 
eral throughout the state is well indicated by his 
election unanimously and without solicitation on 
his part in 1908 as President of the North Carolina 
Bar Association. For ten years or more he was 
also President of the local bar association of 
Rowan County. 

As told in the language of an old friend and 
neighbor some of the prominent points of his 
career were noted as follows: " As a lawyer Mr. 
Clement has always enjoyed the confidence and 
respect, not only of his brethren of the bar, but 
of the community at large, and of a large and 
intelligent clientele. He has proved himself not 
only an aide and effective advocate, but a wise 
ami prudent counsellor. As a citizen he was al- 
ways been generous, hospitable and public spir- 
ited. Of engaging address, cordial manners, neat- 
ness and tastefulness in dress, with a friendly 
word and genial smile for all, Mr. Clement is de- 
servedly popular with all classes of citizens, and 
with a wide circle of friends throughout the 
state. Of liberal education, of extensive reading 
and wide information, added to a sparkling wit 
and cheery humor, he is the most delightful of 
companions. ' ' 

And what he received by inheritance has fitted 
in splendidly with his individual attainments, and 
he has honored as well as has been honored by the 
character of his ancestry. His }iaternal grand- 
parents were John and Nancy (Bailey) Clement, 
the latter a member of an old and prominent 
Davie County family. Hon. John Cnement for 
many years represented Davie and Rowan coun- 
ties in the General Assembly of North Carolina 
and died at his desk while serving as clerk of the 
Superior Court of the former county. The ma- 
ternal grandparents of Louis H. Clement were 
William and Mary (Welch) Hayden, prominent 
citizens of Da\'ie County. 

Louis Henry Clement was born at Mocksville, 
Davie County, January 19, 1854, a son of John 
Marshall and Mary Jane (Hayden) Clement. His 
mother is remembered as a woman of fine intelli- 
gence and strong Christian character, while to his 
father Mr. Clement is indebted for those rugged 
powers of intellect which characterized John Mar- 
shall Clement as one of the greate.st lawyers of 
the state and one of the most loved and respected 
men of his generation. He was in politics only 
briefly, during which he served a term in the 
General Assembly. But as a lawyer he rose to the 
very heights of professional success and reputa- 
tion. 

With all the advantages that such a family in- 
sured in the way of social manners, high ideals 
and incentive to achievements, Louis Henry Cle- 
ment sjienl^his early life at the Village of Mocks- 
ville, attended preparatory schools and then en- 
teied Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, where he was graduated with honor in 
the class of 1876. Just thirty years before, in 
1846, his father had been valedictorian at the 
same college. At college he distinguished himself 
as a student and was very active in debating and 
literary societies. 

On returning home he took up the study of law 
under one of the eminent jurists of North Caro- 
lina, Richmond M. Pearson, Chief Justice of North 
Carolina at Richmond Hill. He was licensed to 
practice by the Supreme Court in June, 1877, and 



120 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



since tlien forty years have been devoted liy him 
to the law with only brief and occasional interrup- 
tions through public office. He practiced in Davie ■ 
County and tor two years was Solicitor of the 
Inferior Court, but in 1880 removed to Salisbury, 
where for a number of years he was an associate 
of one of the prominent lawyers of North Carolina, 
Hon. Kerr Craige. This partnership was dissolved 
when Mr. Craige was made Third Assistant Post- 
master General during Cleveland's administration. 
After that Mr. Clement practiced alone for a 
number of years, but in 1909 took into partnership 
his son, Hayden Clement. Today the tirra Clement 
& Clement is one of the best known and most 
successful in the entire state. 

In 1885 Mr. Clement was appointed Solicitor 
ad-interim of the Ninth Judicial District of North 
Carolina, to fill the vacancy caused by the death 
of Hon. Joseph Dobson. He has never been an 
active candidate for any political office. And con- 
sidering the valuable work he has done in his 
profession and the fine dignity and prestige at- 
taching to his name, none could be found who 
would doubt that he had chosen wisely in pre- 
ferring the strict lines of professional work to 
the turbulence of a political career. Mr. Clement 
is a loyal democrat, is a York and Scottish Rite 
Mason and Shriner, has for many years been a 
communicant of St. Luke 's Protestant Episcopal 
Church at Salisbury, and is chairman of the Board 
of Managers of the Wachovia Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, the Salisbury branch. In 1910 Pennsyl- 
vania College, his alma mater, conferred upon 
him the honorary degree LL. D., others similarly 
honored at the same time being Hon. Martin G. 
Brumbaugh, then Governor of Pennsylvania, and 
Judge Harter of Canton, Ohio. 

In November, 1878, Mr. Clement married Miss 
Mamie C. Buehler of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 
Her father, Edward B. Buehler, was one of the 
distinguished lawyers of Pennsylvania. Mr. and 
Mrs. Clement had an ideal marriage companion- 
ship lasting nearly thirty-five years, terminated 
by her death on April 20, 1913. She was a devout 
Christian, a leader in social life, and was both 
loved and venerated in her home circle. She was 
the mother of four sons who have already done 
much to honor their parents. These sons are: 
Hayden Clement, mentioned on other pages; Dr. 
Edward Buehler CHement, a physician at Atlan- 
tic City, New Jersey; Donald, an assistant quar- 
termaster with the rank of first lieutenant in the 
National army; Louis H., Jr., battalioii adjutant 
of the Three Hundred and Twenty-first Infantry, 
United States Regulars, with the rank of first 
lieutenant. All the sons completed their educa- 
tion in the LTniversity of North Carolina. 

Hayden Clement, junior member of the law 
firm of Clement & Clement at Salisbury, his sen- 
ior being his father, Louis H. Clement, who for 
over thirty years has ranked as one of the lead- 
ers of the state bar, has gained a wealth of dis- 
tinction through his own comparatively brief 
career, and it is doubtful if any lawyer under 
forty years of age in North Carolina has borne 
with greater credit more of the higher respon- 
sibilities of public life than Hayden Clement. 

He represents the fourth generation of a prom- 
inent family in which the oldest son on the pa- 
ternal side has been a lawyer, and his own career 
i<! to some extent a reflection of the great virtues 
and abilites of such eminent legal lights as John 



Msrshall Clement and Edward B. Buehler, his 
grandfathers, and Louis H. Clement, his father. 

Hayden Clement was born at Mocksville, North 
Carolina, the town where many of his ancestors 
had lived, on September 25, 1879. The next year 
his parents moved to Salisburj-, where he at- 
tended public schools, and did his preparatory 
work in Horner 's MUitary Academy. In Septem- 
ber, 1899, he entered the University of North 
Carolina, and had a brilliant record as a student 
and leader in student activities at the university. 
However, he did not remain to graduate, learing 
during his senior year to take up the study of 
law. In 190u he was admitted to the bar and at 
once began practice at Salisbury. 

In January, 1907, when he was not yet thirty 
years of age, Mr. Clement was appointed Assist- 
ant Attorney General of North Carolina. This 
office had been created by the legislature owing 
to the protracted illness of the Attorney General, 
and Mr. Clement was therefore the first incum- 
bent of that special office and for two years he 
had entire charge of the Attorney General 's de- 
jiartment. His work as Assistant Attorney Gen- 
eral deserves all the high praise that has been 
given it. He was the first to recommend and 
through his efforts had passed the law abol- 
ishing public executions in North Carolina. He 
also recommended the creation of four additional 
Superior Court judges from the division of the 
state into two circuits. Through his efforts the 
number of challenges in criminal cases was 
changed. The Assistant Attorney General also had 
much to do with the railroad rate and freight liti- 
gation of the past ten years. One of his opinions 
was on the constitutionality of the prohibition act 
voted by the state in May, 1908. 

Such was his record in this special office that 
every reason existed why he should be chosen to 
fill the office of Attorney General. At the primaries 
of 1908 he received a distinctive plurality of all 
votes, but not quite enough to insure his nomina- 
tion. In the Charlotte convention his candidacy 
was lost, to the regret of all right-thinking citizens 
of Nortii Carolina, as a result of the factional 
fight by three pirominent candidates for the office 
of Governor that year. 

Then in 1909, after leaving the office of Assist- 
ant Attorney General, Mr. Clement returned to 
Salisbury and formed the partnership of Clement 
& Clement with his father, which is one of the 
leading law firms of the state. Since then he has 
had much to do with politics and public affairs. 
He served as chairman of the Congressional Com- 
mittee of the Eighth District, and organized the 
district so thoroughly that it elected Hon. R. L. 
Doughton for Congress. This was a surprising 
result, involving a change of over 2,000 votes, and 
maiing a democratic district out of a district that 
had been normally republican for a number of 
years. In 1912 Mr. Clement again managed the 
Doughton campaign and in -that year he was 
chosen to represent the Eighth District as a dele- 
gate to the Baltimore Convention which nominated 
Woodrow Wilson for president. 

For the past four years Mr. Clement has gained 
further fame and reputation in the public life of 
his native state through the energetic and capable 
administration he has given to the office of Solici- 
tor of the Fifteenth Judicial District. He was 
first appointed to this office by Governor Craig in 
March, 1914, and in the democratic primaries of 
that year was unanimously nominated for the of- 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



121 



fioe. He was also unanimously elected in the fall 
of 1914 auj since then has given a vigorous 
administration, and yet has been called one of 
the most humane solicitors the district has ever 
had. As Solicitor Mr. Clement was active in the 
prosecution of a case that attracted national at- 
tention during the fall of 1917. This was the 
prosecution of Gaston Means for the murder of 
the widow King of Chicago. Mr. Clement is ves- 
tryman in St. Luke's Episcopal Church of Salts- 
bury, is affiliated with the Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics, the Masons and the Sigma 
Nu college fraternity. June 25, 1913, he married 
Miss Clay Wornall Croxton, daughter of Col. and 
Mrs. J. H. Croxton of Winchester, Kentucky. Her 
father served with the rank of colonel under Gen- 
eral Morgan during the war between the states. 
Mr. and Mrs. Clement have one son, Hayden Crox- 
ton Clement. 

Mr. Clement has well justified the assertion 
made of him recently that ' ' no young man in the 
state has risen as rapidly or made good more com- 
pletely than has Hayden Clement. ' ' And none 
will question the essential truth and appropriate- 
ness of the following sentiments which have been 
expressed : ' ' As a courageous champion of clean 
politics and the welfare of the average man, his 
services have been invaluable; as an efficient pub- 
lic official, one who knows no favoritism, the peo- 
ple delight to honor him ; as a patriot and gentle- 
man he has no superior in North Carolina. In- 
deed it may truthfully be said of Hayden Clement 
he is one of the state 's best and ablest young 
men, and that broader fields of usefulness are just 
before him. ' ' 

P.-^YTON B. Abbott was one of Winston-Salem 's 
liest known men. He practiced law in Virginia 
before coming to North Carolina, and also had 
extensive experience as a newspaper man and was 
a regularly ordained minister of the Christian 
Church. He died in January, 1917, after six years 
of residence in Winston-Salem. 

Mr. Abbott was born on a farm in Craig Coun- 
ty, Virginia, February 25, 1860. There is a town 
named Abbott in that section of Virginia, and the 
family has been identified with that community 
for generations. However, his lineage goes back 
to an earlier generation that had its first home in 
Western North Carolina. He is lineally descended 
from one of five brothers who came out of England 
to America in the early Colonial period and set- 
tled in Massachusetts. Their descendants are now 
scattered over every state of the Union. Some of 
them came south and located in what is now Stokes 
County, North Carolina. It was in that county 
that Thomas Abbott, great-grandfather of the 
Winston-Salem lawyer, was born. He moved to 
Botetourt C'ounty, Virginia, and settled in that 
section of the county now known as Craig County. 
There he spent his last years. Grandfather James 
Abbott was a native of Botetourt County, now 
Craig County, Virginia, and became a successful 
farmer. He acquired some very extensive land 
holdings and was a resident of the county until 
his death at the age of eighty-nine. The name of 
his first wife, grandmother of Payton B. Abbott, 
was Elizabeth Carper. 

Sinclair C. Abbott, father of Payton, was born 
in Craig County, Virginia, and though of a sub- 
stantial family he had limited opportunities to 
acquire an education. He made the best of his 
advantages, however, and became a skillful sur- 



veyor. For many years he devoted his time to that 
profession and did much work in Craig and ad- 
joining cpunties and also in West Virginia. His 
home was five miles south of Newcastle, Virginia. 
He died there at the age of sixty-five. Sinclair 
Abbott married Lucinda Williams, who was born 
in Craig County, daughter of Eev. Philip B. and 
Mrs. (McPherson) Williams. The latter was of 
Scotch ancestry, while Philip B. Williams was of 
Welsh stock and a minister of the CTliristian Church. 
Mrs. Sinclair Abbott died at the age of forty-five, 
having reared nine children: Payton B., Frank L., 
Gurdine A., Robert E. Lee, Luther M., Wade H., 
Edna, Elizabeth and Minnie. 

Payton B. Abbott attended Milligan College 
in Johnson County, Tennessee, and after the com- 
pletion of his course there took up the study of 
law, at first in the office of Judges Holmes and 
Lee at Newcastle, Virginia, and later with Major 
Ballard of Salem. His last instructor was Col. 
G. W. Housborough of Salem. He then took the 
examinations of the University of Virginia Law 
Department and was admitted to practice in 1885. 
Mr. Abbott began his professional career at New- 
castle, Virginia. For four years he served as 
commonwealth attorney of Craig County. From 
Newcastle he removed to Bluefield, Virginia, and 
was in active practice there until 1910, in which 
year he removed to Winston-Salem. Instead of 
taking up the practice of law he became a mem- 
ber of the staff of the Winston-Salem Sentinel, 
and was active in newspaper work two years. 
In 1900 Mr. Abbott was licensed to preach in the 
Christian Cliurch, and after coming to North 
Carolina he took charge as pastor of the churches 
at Pfafftown, Muddy Creek and Galacia in the 
Winston-Salem district. In 1915, having taken 
the examination before the Court of Appeals, 
Mr. Abbott was admitted to practice in North 
Carolina, and from September of that year gave 
his time and energies to the law. 

In 1889 he married Miss Marietta Chaffin, who, 
with ten children, survives. Mrs. Abbott was 
born at Mount Airy in Surrey County, North 
Carolina, daughter of John and Araminta (Smith) 
Chaffin. 

JAME.S Alexander Hartness of Statesville en- 
joys many distinctions in his home community, 
but over the state at large his most significant con- 
tribution to progress and welfare of North Caro- 
lina was undoubtedly his splendid and determined 
leadership in the cause of prohibition, at firi^t in 
his home county and later in the state wide move- 
ment. While a host of good men and women con- 
tributed to the final victory, it is doubtful if any 
one more iicrsistently and courageously and for a 
longer period of years waged the good fight than 
James A. Hartness. 

Some time ago when he was asked concerning 
his inveterate hostility to the liquor traffic, Mr. 
Hartness said he recalled that when a boy he 
formed a very decided aversion to this destructive 
custom and traffic, and then and there resolved that 
he would never be satisfied until he saw it abolished. 
Seldom does a purpo.se formed in youth harden and 
gain such effectiveness as this resolve did in the 
case of Mr. Hartness. It is an interesting fact also 
that he realized that prohibition like charity begins 
at home, and he started in to exert his influence 
in his home town of Statesville. Many will recall 
how Statesville in the older days was a center of 
the whiskey business with almost a nationwide 



122 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



reputation. Whiskey in large quantities was 
sliipped in and out by wliolesale liouses and otlier 
large dealers and the traffic was an enormous one. 
In fact Statesville was one of the biggest strong- 
holds of the liquor traffic in the entire South. Thus 
Mr. Hartness had to assail a giant when he began 
his campaign for local option. He encountered the 
most violent opposition from the powerful local 
liquor interests who had unlimited money and 
political influence behind them. The community 
itself had lieen drugged by the presence of these 
interests, and was not easily aroused to join in 
the fight under the leadersliip of Mr. Hartness. 
As the local 0]ition movement grew in strength, Mr. 
Hartness actually took his political future in his 
own hands, but refused to be daunted in his deter- 
mination and against every vindictive resource, 
throats of violence, and personal danger he pro- 
ceeded straight to the goal until the whiskey liusi- 
ness in Statesville was completely stamped out. 

His success in this local campaign naturally 
rallied around him as a leader the forces in the 
movement for statewide prohibition, and in 1908 
he was elected .superintendent of the Anti-Saloon 
League of North Carolina. In that larger campaign 
he continued one of the efficient leaders until its 
ends and objects were accomplished. The history 
of the prohibition movement in North Carolina is 
now ]>ractically a closed record, and in its ])ages 
hardly any name deserves to figure more largely 
than that of James Alexander Hartjiess. 

Mr. Hartness is a native of Iredell County, hav- 
ing been born six miles north of Statesville in 
186.'?. His parents, Hiram and Martha E. (Gib- 
son) Hartness, are both now deceased, and were 
members of very old families in this part of the 
state. Several generations of the Hartnesses have 
been liorn here, grandfather Alexander having been 
born in the county at the edge of Alexander 
County. Hiram Hartness was also a native of 
Alexander County. Martha E. Gibson, a native of 
Iredell County, was a daughter of Levi Gibson, and 
a great-granddaughter of William Gibson, who 
came from County Tyrone, Ireland, to North Cai-o- 
lina about the time of the Revolutionary war. He 
made settlement in Bethany Township north of 
Statesville in what is now Iredell but was then 
Rowan County. The Gibson family home in 
Bethany Township was near the famous "Academy 
of Sciences, ' ' a noted school conducted by Dr. 
James Hall. This school attracted students from 
all over the South and gave the community a special 
character as an educational center. 

James Alexander Hartness was educated under 
the .stern but thorough instruction of Prof. J. 
H. Hill of Statesville. Professor Hill, who is still 
living at Statesville, did a great work as an edu- 
cator not only of the intellect liut of the char- 
acter. He left an indelible impression on the 
minds and natures of many men who have since he- 
come prominent figures in this and other states. 

After leaving the school of Professor Hill Mr. 
Hartness studied law in Major Bingham 's Law 
School at Statesville, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1887. For a number of years he was an active 
and successful member of the Statesville bar. In 
1896 Mr. Hartness was the democratic nominee for 
member of the House in the State Legislature from 
Iredell CJounty. He was one of the few democrats 
elected in that year of political upheaval. Prac- 
tically every contest for the Legislature was a 
triangular one, due to the eruption of the populist 
party into the state. Mr. Hartness made a very 



creditable record during the following session of 
the Legislature. 

For nearly twenty years he has served as clerk 
of the Superior Court of Iredell County. He was 
first elected to that office in 1898 and has been re- 
elected at every succeeding term. Mr. Hartness is 
acknowledged to be the most efficient and popular 
occupant this office has ever had in Iredell County. 
He was the author of the Civil Service Law in 
North Carolina. 

Mr. Hartness is owner and was formerly editor 
of one of the Iredell County's most successful 
journals. In 1893 he became editor of the States- 
ville Mascot, a weekly paper. Its name was later 
changed to the Statesville Sentinel, which for years 
has been one of the fixtures among the newspapers 
of the state. Mr. Hartness finally retired from the 
editorial management of this paper but is still its 
owner. 

Mr. Hartness is affiliated with the Masonic 
Order, the Knights of Pythias, the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, the Woodmen of the World, 
the Junior Order of United American Mechanics 
and has always identified himself with every organi 
zation and movement for the public good. He and 
his family are active members of the Presbyterian 
Church. The Hartness home is an exceedingly 
beautiful one, situated in a grove of fine oak trees 
in the extreme northern part of the city fronting 
on North Central Avenue. 

On March 28, 1888, Mr. Hartness married Miss 
Jennie Henderson of Rowan County, member of 
the noted Henderson family of that section. One 
of its members is Dr. Archibald Henderson of the 
State University. Mr. and Mrs. Hartness have a 
family of eight children, Elva, William, Elizabeth, 
Linda, Charles, Luke, Rebecca and Lois. 

Alonzo Marion Dumay has played a spirited 
and very important part in the commercial life 
of North Carolina since he identified himself with 
the state twenty-five years ago, coming here as 
an experienced railroad man and banker. . 

He was born in the State of Missouri October 
29, 1864, a son of John Henry and Elizabeth 
(Thom]ison) Dumay. His father was a merchant 
and the son grew up in an atmosphere of business. 
He was educated in puldic schools and as a boy 
learned the telegraph code and jnit in several 
years of active service as a telegraph operator 
with the Wabash and Santa Fe Railway companies. 
This service led him into Kansas, and as one of 
the pioneers at Harper in that state he engaged 
in banking as cashier of the National Bank. Later 
for a time he was ca-shier of the First National 
Bank of Brunswick, Missouri, but in 1892 re- 
.signed and sought an entirely new field. 

Coming to Washington, North Carolina, he has 
ever since been one of the livest and most forceful 
factors in the town. He organized the Beaufort 
County Bank, and was its cashier until it was 
merged with the First National Bank in 1895, 
and since then has been cashier of the latter in- 
stitution. That is only one of a large number 
of institutions and movements which have lieen 
benefited by his time and services. He organized 
the local Chamber of Commerce, was its president 
nine years and a number of years treasurer and 
member of the executive committee. He also 
organized the Washington Tobacco Warehouse 
Company, of wdiich he is secretary and treasurer; 
is secretary and treasurer of the Beaufort County 
Storage Warehouse Company, and it was this 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



123 



concern which made arrangemeuts with the First 
National Bank and financed the cotton crop in 
Beanfort Connty during 1914-15. He is a director 
and the laa-gest individual stockholder in the 
Pamlico Cooperage Company, is director of the 
Washington-Beaufort Land Company, secretary 
and treasurer of the Timber Corporation, buying 
and selling timber lands, and is secretary and 
treasurer of the Improvement Company, operating 
tobacco warehouses and stemming plants. He is 
also a director and treasurer of the Washington 
Building and Loan Association. Mr. Dunmy is a 
deacon of the Presbyterian Church, is a Knight 
Templar Mason, and is affiliated with the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks. 

On September 6, 1887, he married Miss Marietta 
Emetine Merrill, of Rising Sun, Indiana. They 
have one daughter, Reba Helen, now wife of John 
D. Gorman, secretary and treasurer and manager 
of the Pamlico Coojierage Company of Washing- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. Gorham have one son, Alonzo 
Dumay. 

Hon. Bachm.\n Brown Miller. A well-known 
and prosperous attorney of Salisbury, Hon. Bach- 
man B. Miller is not only successfully engaged in 
his legal affairs, but is one of the leading agricul- 
turists of Rowan County, and an authority on 
stock breeding and growing, and on the raising 
of feed for cattle, branches of agriculture in 
which he has experimented to a considerable ex- 
tent. A native of Rowan County, he was born 
March 22, 1874, on a farm in Mount UUa Town- 
ship, while his father, Jesse Wendle Miller, and 
his grandfather, Henry A. Miller, were born in 
Providence Township, Rowan County. 

His great-grandfather, Wendle Miller, who was 
of German ancestry, came from Pennsylvania to 
North Carolina in pioneer days, locating in the 
vicinity of Organ Church, of which, according to 
Rumple 's History of Rowan County, he was one 
of the founders. The same authority says that 
the organ placed in the church was built by one 
of its members, and having been the first instru- 
ment of the kind to be installed in any church 
edifice in the county it gave the church its pres- 
ent name. Wendle "Miller receiveil a grant for a 
tract of land from Richard Caswell, the first gov- 
ernor of North Carolina, which he improved and 
he continued as an agriculturist until his death. 

His son, Henry Miller, succeeded to the ances- 
tral occupation, and accumulated considerable 
wealth, becoming owner of several farms, and 
also of milling interests. His will, recorded in 
the SalisVmry Courthouse, bears date of Jime 17, 
1857. To him and his wife eight children were 
born and reared, as follows: Elizabeth Trexler, 
Charles, Henry A., Rosamond Barringer, Sophia 
Brown, Catherine Efird, Jesse W., and Christina 
Graham. 

Jesse Wendle Miller was born on the parental 
homestead, in Providence Township, Rowan 
County, in 1828. He received good educational 
advantages, but not being inclined by either taste 
or temperament for a professional career, he 
turned his attention to agriculture, and having 
inherited the parental homestead began life for 
himself as a farmer. On July 4, 1862, he en- 
listed in Company E, Fifty-seventh Regiment, 
North Carolina Troops, in which he was com- 
missioned lieutenant, and later promoted to the 
rank of captain, receiving his commission there- 
for on March 6, 1863. He was with his regi- 
ment in all of its marches, campaigns and battles, 



including the battle of Gettysburg, and is said 
to have been one of the men who went over the 
wall, later being captured and taken to Johnson 
Island, in Lake Erie, and was there held until the 
close of the war. Returning then to Rowan 
County, he located in Mount UUa Township, and 
was there prosperously engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until his death, in 1897. He was twice 
married. He married first a Miss Barringer, who , 
died in early womanhood, leaving three children, 
Ira B., Daniel J., and Robert L. He married for 
hi.-i second wife Mrs. Laura Brown Barrier, who 
was born in Mount Ulla Township, a daughter of 
Alexander and Mary (Kistler) Brown, grand- 
daughter of Jacob Brown and great-gi'anddaugh- 
ter of Abraham Brown, who came to North 
Carolina from Pennsylvania. She died in 1889. 
By her first marriage she had one child, Mary I<la 
Barrier. By her marriage with Jesse W. Miller, 
she had four children, Bachman Brown, Herbert 
E., Mattie E., and Laura Olena. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. J. W. Miller were Lutherans, and reared 
their children in that faith. The father was al- 
ways greatly interested in educational matters, 
and for many years served as one of the trustees 
of North Carolina College at Mount Pleasant. He 
served as magistrate several terms, and was also 
one of three county judges. 

Bachman B. Miller received his rudimentary 
education in the Lutheran Parochial School, later 
advancing his studies at North Carolina College. 
Then, after teaching for a year, he entered the 
law department of the University of North Caro- 
lina, from wliich he was graduated with the class 
of 1900. Being licensed to practice the same year, 
lie located in Salisbury, where he has met with 
good success, having built up a large and lucrative 
clientage. 

Mr. Miller has never lost his interest in the 
free and independent occupation to which he 
was reared, and soon after succeeding to the 
ownership of the home farm, in 1905, he com- 
menced the breeding and raising of pure-bred 
Hereford cattle, and at the present time has a val- 
uable herd of sixty-five handsome Herefords. Mr. 
Miller has successfully experimented with the 
raising of blue grass, red top and alfalfa, anil 
has proved that both soil and climate are well 
adapted to these grasses, which are recognized as 
the best grown. Alert to tlie imperative needs of 
his country he concentrated his time, energy and 
the resources of his farm to increased food pro- 
duction during the war with Germany, waiving de- 
ferred classification, however, in order to give 
jiriority to military service. His call to report to 
tlie local board, November 12, 1918, was annulled 
by order of provost marshal. 

Actively and intelligently interested in every- 
thing pertaining to the public welfare, Mr. Miller 
was the first judge of the county court as at pres- 
ent constituted, serving in that capacity for four 
years, and in 1915 he had the distinction of being 
elected to the State Senate. He is a member of 
the American Hereford Cattle Breeders' Associ- 
ation, and of the North Carolina Beef Cattle 
Breeders ' Association and the first president of 
the North Carolina Hereford Breeders Association. 
Religiously Mr. Miller belongs to Saint Luke 's 
Lutheran Church. He is a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod 
of North Carolina, and of the board of home mis- 
sions of the United Synod of the Evangelical Luth- 
eran Church in the South, and he represented his 
Synod at the Lutheran merger and the organization 



124 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



of The Unit-ed Lutheran Church of America in New 
York City November 15, 1918. 

Albert Anderson, M. D. Perhaps no position 
in the state government offers greater opportuni- 
ties for service than the superintendeucy of the 
State Hospital at Raleigh. And it is the testi- 
mony of those competent to judge that no mem- 
ber of the profession in the state had stronger 
qualifications and could have brought about a 
more efficient organization and administration of 
that post than Dr. Albert Anderson, who has 
been superintendent since 1913. 

Doctor Anderson has had an active experience 
in general medical and surgical practice cover- 
ing more than a quarter of a century, and is an 
authority on mental and nervous diseases. Soon 
after taking the management of the State Hospi- 
tal he introduced vocational occupations for men- 
tal treatment, and that innovation alone has served 
to bring the standard of institutional management 
up to a plane where it is recognized as toremost 
among similar institutions in the entire country. 

A happy expression of professional opinion on 
Dr. Albert Anderson 's standing among North 
Carolina medical men is found in a brief sketch 
that appeared in the Charlotte Medical .Journal in 
October, 1915, the sketch being edited by two well 
known physicians. The article reads substan- 
tially as follows: 

"Dr. Albert Anderson was born October 18, 
1859, at Eagle Rock, Wake County, North Car- 
olina. He is the son of Jesse and Mary Ander- 
son. His father was a farmer and he began life 
on the farm. He entered nature 's school early 
and gleaned her inmost secrets. He knew and 
cared for her lesser children and they were his 
brothers. All the gentle influences thrown about 
him in the first stage of his growth moulded and 
fashioned his soul and mind after a manner that 
is ripe and fostered within him a profound love 
for his kind — a love . which sought expression in 
service. The profession he has chosen and prac- 
ticed so many years has been the medium of that 
service. 

"At a tender age he entered the public schools 
of his community, later the Raleigh Academy, and 
in 188.3 he graduated from Trinity College, when 
that school was located in Randolph County. For 
four years he was principal of the Middleburg 
Male Academy at Middleburg, North Carolina, 
and while there took up the study of medicine 
under private instruction. He later entered the 
University of Virginia and the year of 1888 
marks the date of his graduation from there. 
Throughout his years of study threads an earnest- 
ness and intensity of purpose whieli was bound 
to glorify his profession. During the first year 
of his student life at Raleigh he united with the 
Methodist Church and has been foremost in such 
work ever since. 

' ' He began practicing at Wilson, North Caro- 
lina, in 1888, shortly after passing the state 
board and for twenty-five years he steadily grew 
in his profession, when came promotion — the su- 
perintendeucy of the State Hospital at Raleigh, 
where he is now. 

"During the years of his practice Doctor An- 
derson has from time to time taken post-graduate 
courses in the North, general medicine and sur- 
gery being his subjects. He has not buried his 
light under a bushel, but has voiced it through 
medical journals and before different medical 
societies. The medical societies have long since 



seen his sterling mettle and have not left him 
unused. He has served as president of the Sea- 
board Medical Society (in 1902), the Tri-State 
Medical Society, Wilson and Wake County Medi- 
cal societies, and member of the State Medical 
Examining Board. 

"In 1892 he was appointed by the State Board 
of Health to attend a special course offered by the 
United States Government. In 1898 he was elected 
for a term of four years as a member of the 
State Medical Examining Board, and in 1903 was 
elected a member of the House of Delegates of the 
American Medical Association. He was chief sup- 
porter of the plan for revising the constitution of 
the State Medical Society so as to make the 
County Medical Society a basal unit of organiza- 
tion and requiring prospective members of the 
State Society to first enroll in their home county 
society. 

"In 1898 Doctor Anderson, while in Wilson, 
associated with Dr. E. C. Moore, built one of the 
finest private hospitals in North Carolina. He 
remained at the head of that institution until he 
moved to Raleigh. This hospital enterprise is 
considered one of the greatest professional achieve- 
ments in his life. 

' ' Doctor Anderson moved to Raleigh in 1907 to 
become medical director of the Jefferson Standard 
Life Insurance Company, and filled that position 
five years, afterwards devoting himself to private 
practice until he was made superintendent of the 
State Hospital." 

Fraternally Doctor Anderson is affiliated with 
the Junior Order of United American Mechan- 
ics. December 12, 1888, he married Miss Pattie 
R. Woodard, a sister of Mrs. C. B. Aycock. The 
concluding paragraph of the sketch above noted 
is as follows. ' ' Socially Doctor Anderson is a 
aharming gentleman. His personality is very 
attractive. He is a fine conversationalist, never 
failing to please and entertain everyone who 
comes into contact with him. In debate Doctor 
Anderson is logical and convincing. His stage 
manners are beautiful and he is considered one of 
the most popular speakers in the medical pro- 
fession of North Carolina or in this entire sec- 
tion of the South. On one occasion he delivered 
an address at the graduating exercises of the 
North Carolina Medical College in Cliarlotte and 
it was declared one of the finest speeches ever 
delivered in that city. ' ' 

James W. Wilson, denuty collector of internal 
revenue at Statesville, enjoys a position of special 
honor in his native state both for his own character 
and ability and because he is son of the late Maj. 
James W. Wilson, one of the greatest railway engi- 
neers and constructive business men produced by 
North Carolina. 

The late Maj. James W. Wilson was the engineer- 
ing genius who Ijuilt the old Western North Caro- 
lina Railroad, now part of the Southern System, 
from Salisbury to Asheville. This of itself is a 
lasting monument to his memory and an achieve- 
ment that rdaces him in the ranks of America 's 
greatest railroad builders. The work he did as an 
engineer was only one phase of a distinguished 
character. He possessed seemingly superlative 
powers in carrying on big operations that required 
brains, executive ability, a forceful character, initi- 
ative and unflagging energy and the gift of look- 
ing into the future. 

Major Wilson was born in Granville County, 
North Carolina, in 1832, a son of Rev. Alexander 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



125 



Wilson. Rev. Mr. Wilson niovcil with his family 
to Haw Fields in Alamance County, where Major 
Wilson grew up. He graduated from the University 
of North Carolina in 1852. Adopting civil engi- 
neering as a profession, in 1856 he located at 
Morganton in IJurke County and at that time be- 
gan work as an engineer on construction of the 
Western North. Carolina Railroad. This was a state 
enterprise, the plans contemplating a road from 
Salisbury to Asheville over the Blue Bidge Moun- 
tains. The work was of course interrupted by the 
war. 

At that tiTne Major Wilson was living at States- 
ville in Iredell County and at once returned to 
Haw Fields to join the Confederate forces being 
organized there. He became captain of the noted 
organization known as "Haw Fields Boys," which 
was in the Sixth North Carolina, Fisher's Regi- 
ment. He afterward served as staff major and 
assistant quartermaster on the staff of Gieneral 
Ramseur. 

Near the close of the war Major Wilson became 
chief engineer and superintendent of the Western 
North Carolina Railroad. In the latter part of 
1865 he was oiiicially appointed to these positions 
by Governor Worth on recommendation of the 
directors of the road. ■ Major Wilson had been a 
member of the construction firm which was build- 
ing and financing the road, and on account of the 
difficulty in raising funds it had become heavily in 
debt to him, an indebtedness which later was ar- 
ranged for. The road was at various times heavily 
involved with its creditors, and the serious financial 
obstacles overcome in its construction were hardly 
less noteworthy than those of a physical nature. 
The road was completed to Azalia Station, IHO 
miles west of Salisbury, in 1879, thereby surmount- 
ing the Blue Ridge, and was completed to Ashe- 
ville in 1880. 

On the division west of Asheville the road was 
built through Balsam Gap, .'^,100 feet above sea 
level, the highest pass east of the Rockies. The 
main feature and the most difficult to accomplish 
in the engineering and construction of the road 
was the section from Old Fort to and including 
Swannanoa tunnel. It is this that gives Major 
Wilson his most lasting fame as one of the greatest 
engineers of his day. On this section the road sur- 
mounts Bound Knob. In passing Round Knob 
there are successive layers of track plainly visible 
six times as it winds around the mountain. This 
road makes accessible some of the most magnificent 
scenery of North Carolina. The route presented 
many intricate and surpassing problems of railroad 
engineering. Even modern railroad engineers, who 
have had at their command vastly im]uoved facil- 
ities and resources, have admired the way in which 
Major Wilson overcame the problems which con- 
fronted him. 

Having accomplished the building of the road. 
Major Wilson then essayed perhaps an equally 
great task as its president and general manager 
under state authority. For the first few years and 
during its construction he was chief engineer and 
superintendent, and during the last years of its 
construction and the first few years of its operation 
was president as well as chief engineer. He had 
complete charge of the maintenance and operation 
of the road. In fact he was the guiding spirit all 
along, and besides building and operating the line 
it devolved upon him to raise the money for the 
enterprise, float bonds, and on many occasions he 
used his own funds in paying for labor, materials 
and other supplies. The work as a whole stands as 
a monument to the years of ceaseless energy and 



activity on the part of Major Wilson. Everyone 
now recognizes that the state owes him a great debt 
of gratitude, and tliis road, now a part of the main 
system of the Southern Railway, is perhaps to a 
degree that no other piece of railroad construction 
in America is a monument to tlie man who built and 
financed and looked after its welfare. Major Wil- 
son also built another line of railway to Middle- 
boro, Kentucky. His home was for many years at 
Morganton in Burke County, but he died at the 
home of his daughter, Mrs. R. L. Gibbon, at Char- 
lotte in 1910. 

In 1876, at the time of the overthrow of "car- 
pet-bag" government in North Carolina, Major 
Wilson was one of the democrats elected to the 
State Legislature and represented Burke County. 
During his later years he was chosen a memlicr of 
the Corporation Commission of North Carolina and 
for eight years was its chairman. 

Major Wilson married Louisa Erwin, who is also 
deceased. She was a member of the noted Erwin 
and Avery families of Burke County. Her father 
was Adolphus L. Erwin. The old Erwin home 
was Belvidere, sixteen miles east of Morganton. 

James W. Wilson was born at Bound Knob, 
McDowell County, North Carolina, in 1869. His 
birth occurred in his father 's railroad camp while 
the Western North Carolina was being constructed 
around that difficult point. His father's camp 
headquarters was called the ' ' White House ' ' on 
account of the building being whitewashed, and 
it was in that humble structure that Mr. Wilson 
first saw the light of day. 

He was liberally educated, attending school 
under Professor Gilmore at Morganton, for two 
years was in Davidson College, and two years in the 
University of North Carolina. At first his home 
was in Morganton, where he early entered railroad 
service and for seven years was the Southern Bail- 
way agent at Morganton. Mr. Wilson has been a 
resident of Statesville since 1913. As a Federal 
employe he is deputy collector of internal revenue 
for the Fifth Collection District of the state. 

Mr. Wilson married Miss Ivy Hayes. Her father, 
the late Gen. Jack Hayes, was a dashing and 
brilliant LTnion officer in the Civil war and attained 
the rank of general in the Union Army. He was 
born in Ohio, but during his army service saw 
much of North Carolina, became fascinated with 
the country, took up his residence here and was 
long a devoted citizen of both the state and of the 
South. 

Hugh Park.s Brown. Active, enterprising and 
trustworthy, Hugh Parks Brown, of Salisbury,^ is 
a practical representa^jve of the manufacturing 
interests of this section of Bowan County, and as 
a man and a citizen is eminently deserving of the 
esteem and respect in which he is held by his 
neighbors, friends and business associates. A son 
of Dr. William Lafayette Brown, he was born in 
Winston, North Carolina, of honored ancestry. 

Rev. 'Thomas Brown, Mr. Brown 's grandfather, 
was a clergyman, and for many years served as 
lastor of the Presbyterian Clinrch in Mocksville. 
He also owned a farm near that pilace, and took 
great interest in advancing the agricultural pros- 
perity of that locality. 

Dr. William L. Brown was born in Mocksville, 
Davie County, in 18.'?2. After receiving the de- 
cree of M. D. he was for several years ship surgeon 
on an ocean liner plying between New York and 
foreign ports. At the end of leu years on board 
ship, he settled in Mocksville, North Carolina, 
where he subsequently embarked in the manufacture 



126 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



of tobac-eo. Eeinoving in 1877 to Winston, whicli 
was then but a small place, regarded as a suburb 
of Salem, he there continued as a manufacturer 
of tobacco until his death in 1898. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Eliza Chin, was born at Farm- 
ington, Davie County, a daughter of John and 
Margaret Chin. Surviving her husband, she passed 
to the life beyond December 12, 1917. She reared 
ten children, as follows: William Thomas, Mar- 
garet, Elizabeth, Mabel, Florence, Gertrude, Hugh 
Parks, Letitia, Amanda and Delphina. 

Completing his early studies at the Salem Boys ' 
School, Hugh Parks Brown entered Davidson 
College, but on account of the death of his father 
was forced to leave before graduation to enter 
the office of his father 's factory. After the 
business was sold to the American Tobacco Factory 
Company, Mr. Brown embarked in the fertilizing 
business, and upon the organization of the H. P. 
Brown Guano Comijany was elected president, and 
has since given his entire time and attention 
towards promoting the interests of the firm. 

In 1911 Mr. Brown was united in marriage with 
Xaomi Frund, who was born in Indiana, being 
a daughter of H. W. Frund. Two children have 
brightened their union, Mary Ella and Hugh 
Parks, Jr. True to the religious faith in which 
he was reared, Mr. Brown is a member of the 
Presbyterian Cliurch, in which his father filled 
various official positions. Mrs. Brown is a mem- 
lier of the Catholic Church. Fraternally Mr. Brown 
belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

Ernest H.\yw-ood began the practice of law 
in his native State of North Carolina thirty-four 
years ago, and the success and reputation for 
ability now associated with his name are in pro- 
portion to the length of years spent in close and 
conscientious devotion to his profession. 

He was born at Raleigh February 1, 186D, a son 
of Dr. E. Burke and Lucy (Williams) Haywood. 
His father was long a prominent physician at Ea- 
leigh. The son had the advantages of a liberal 
education. He attended Lovejoy's Academy in 
Baleigh, Horner's Military Academy at Oxford 
and Hillsboro, and in 1880 was graduated from 
the University of North Carolina, a medalist, a 
first honor man, and with the degree A. B. 

His law studies were pursued in the law school 
of Federal Judge Dick and Judge Dillard of 
North Carolina Supreme Court at Greensboro, 
North Carolina. He graduated in 1882 and in 
October of the same year passed a successful ex- 
amination before the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina, which licensed him to practice. 

Since that date he has been a member of the 
Ealeigh bar. For a number of years he prac- 
ticed with his brother, A. W. Haywood, under 
the firm name of Haywood & Haywood. Mr. A. 
W. Haywood retired from practice in 1895 and 
since then Mr. Ernest Haywood has continued in 
practice alone, with offices in the Tucker Building 
at Ealeigh. 

He has a general practice in all branches of the 
civil law, and has made a specialty of commer- 
cial, insurance, corporation and real estate law 
and the settlement of estates. With him the law- 
has indeed been a jealous mistress, and he has 
rigidly excluded any interest or diversion that 
might' interfere with the successful practice. 

He is and always has been a loyal democrat, 
is an Episcopalian in religion, is a member of the 



American Bar Association, of the North Carolina 
Bar Association and of the Chamber of Commerce 
and of the Capital Club and the Country Club. 

Charles Edwaed Brewer, Ph. D. President 
of Meredith CoUege at E-aleigh, one of the lead- 
ing Baptist institutions of the South, Charles 
Edward Brewer has been prominent in North 
Carolina educational affairs for more than a quar- 
ter of a century, and for many years held the 
chair of chemistry in Wake Forest College. 

His grandfather on the maternal side. Dr. Sam- 
uel Wait, was the founder and first president of 
Wake Forest College. Charles Edward Brewer was 
born at Wake Forest July 12, 1866, a son of John 
and Ann Eliza (Wait) Brewer. His father was 
a farmer and merchant. Attending the elemen- 
tary schools of Wake Forest, and the Vine Hill 
Academy, Mr. Brewer pursued his higher studies 
in Wake Forest College from 1881 to 1886, grad- 
uating A. B. and A. M., taking post-graduate 
work in chemistry for a year, and for two years 
in .Tohns Hopkins Fniversity at Baltimore. In 
1889 he was called to the chair of chemistry at 
Wake Forest College and presided over that de- 
partment continuously until June. 1915, having 
participated in the instruction and training of 
almost a generaton of students. The last three 
years he was dean of the college. In 1915 Mr. 
Brewer was elected president of Meredith Col- 
lege, and his qualifications both as a scientist and 
an executive have been abun<lantly proved dur- 
ing his administration. In 1900, after a course of 
post-graduate work, Mr. Brewer received the de- 
gree Doctor of Philosophy from Cornell Univer- 
sity. 

He is very prominent in Baptist circles in the 
state, for the past eight years has been record- 
ing secretary of the Baptist State Convention, is 
a member of the North Carolina Baptist Board 
of Education, and for two years was chairman of 
the Laymen 's Movement Committee of the Bap- 
tist Cliurch of the state. He formerly held mem- 
bership in the Chemical Society of Berlin, Ger- 
many, the American Chemical Society, and the 
American Association for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence, and is now a member of the Southern As- 
sociation of Schools and Colleges, the North Car- 
olina Teachers Assembly , the North Carolina 
Literary and Historical Association, and was for- 
merly state councilor of the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics, of which he is still 
a member. He is also one of the trustees of the 
National Orphans' Home of that order, located 
at Tiffin. Ohio. In December, 1917, he was ap- 
pointed a member of the North Carolina State 
Educational Commission authorized by the Genera] 
Assembly of that year. 

On October 28, 1891, Mr. Brewer married Love 
Estelle Bell of Shawboro, Currituck County, North 
Carolina. Her father, Joseph E. Bell, was a 
farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Brewer have two living 
children: Ellen Dozier and Ann Eliza, both of 
whom are in school. They lost two sons, Joseph 
Bell, who died at the age of thirteen, and Charles 
Edward, Jr., who died in infancy. 

W-\lter H. Mendenh.^ll. A man of sterling 
worth and character, endowed with excellent busi- 
ness ability and iudgment, Walter H. Mendenhall, 
cashier of "the Bank of Lexington, is ablv meeting 
every requirement of the responsible position he is 
filling, administering the affairs of the bank in an 




v/^^ 1, -J 



1 :. 



;•{ 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



127 



efficient and satisfactory manner. A son of James 
Mendenhall, he was born on a plantation in the 
Deep River Settlement of Gnilford County, North 
Carolina, coming from honored colonial stock. His 
grandfather, Elihu Mendenhall, an early settler of 
the Deep River Colony, cleared and improved a 
farm in that part of Guilford County, and there 
spent the closing years of his life. He and his 
wife were prominent members of the Society of 
Friends, and reared theif children in that faith. 
An interesting history of the Mendenhall family 
from the time of the immigrant ancestor up to the 
present generation has been written by Prof. Mar- 
shall Elliot, of Johns Ho]ikins I'liiversUy. 

James Mendenhall was born, it is supposed, in 
Randolph County, North Carolina, but was brought 
up and educated in Guilford County, where for a 
number of years he was esigageil in tlie lumber 
liusiness. Coming from there to Davidson County, 
he established a factory in Lexington, and buUt up 
a large and lucrative business as a manufacturer 
of spokes and shuttle block, an<l other articles of 
a similar nature. Successful in his work, he con- 
tinued a resident of Lexington until his death, in 
August, 1907. The maiden name of his wife was 
Martha Wheeler. She was born in Guilford 
County, in the Deep River Settlement, a daughter 
of Cyrus J. and Nancy A. (Mullen) Wheeler. She 
died in 1906, leaving two sons, Walter H. and Otis 
E. Both she and her husband were loyal and faith- 
ful members of the Society of Friends. 

After his graduation from Guilford College, 
where he completed his early education, Walter H. 
Mendenhall entered the Bank of Lexington as a 
clerk, and during the ensuing four years proved 
himself so capable and trustworthy that, in 1899, 
he was promoted to the cashiership, the position 
which he has since so ably and faithfully filled. 

Mr. Mendenhall married, in 1900, Miss Jessie 
Thompson. She was born in Tyro, Davidson 
County, a daughter of Charles M. and Mary 
(Peebles) Thompson, and granddaughter of 
Joseph Hiram and Cynthia (Ratts) Thompson. 
She is of pioneer, ancestry, her great gi'audfather, 
Frederick Thompson, having been one of the earlier 
settlers of Tyro. Mr. and Mrs. Mendenhall have 
one child, Dorothy. Religiously Mr. Mendenhall, 
having never swerved from the faitli in which he 
was reared, is a member of the Society of Friends, 
anil Mrs. Mendenhall is a member of the Presby- 
terian C'hurch. Fraternally he belongs to Lexington 
Lodge No. -17.3, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; 
to Lexington Lodge No. 71, Knights Templar; and 
to Lexington Council, Junior Or<ler of United 
American Mechanics. 

John Downey Cooper. In the last twenty or 
twenty-five years the degree of importance or any 
business or public enterprise initiated in the City 
of Henderson might be accurately measured by 
the presence and association of John Downey 
Cooper as a supporter or participant in the move- 
ment, enterprise or undertaking. As a matter of 
fact the individual record of Mr. Cooper is a 
fairly good outline and summary of business 
liistory at Henderson. 

He was born in Granville County, North Carolina, 
March 15, 1849, and has had a very active and 
almost a strenuous career. His parents were 
Alexander and Harriet (Young) Cooper, and his 
father was a prosperous planter in Granville 
County before the war. The son completed his 
education in Horner's Military School at Oxford, 
and spent one year of his young manhooil in 



Texas on the plains and ranches as a cowboy. 
He also worked as foreman in his uncle 's tobacco 
factory, at Oxford, and then went West again and 
tor three years was a gold prospector in North 
Dakota. On returning to North Carolina, Mr. 
Cooper went into the tobacco business and was 
one of the prominent men in the tobacco industry 
in the state until 1914. For many years he rep- 
resented the Allen Gintes tobacco house, and upon 
the organization of the American Tobacco Com- 
pany became identified with that cor]ioration and 
remained with them until 19112. 

Mr. Cooper has been identified with all the im- 
])ortant manufacturing companies at Henderson, 
including four cotton mills. He is president and 
organizer of the Carolina Bagging Comjiany, is 
president of the Farmers and Merchants Bank, 
president of the Farmers Loan and Supply Com- 
pany, ]ire.sident and one of the organizers of the 
India Bagging Company, a director of the Hen- 
derson Cotton Mills, of the Harriet Cotton Mill, 
and the Citizens Bank. 

He has not been less useful and interested in 
public affairs. He has served as town commis- 
sioner, was for a number of years mayor, and was 
trustee of the graded school system. He performed 
a useful pulilic service as chairman of the Board 
of Road Commissioners, and when elected to that 
office he jiromised the people that when money was 
needed for improvement of the highways it woubl 
be supplied ami he would see to it that the county 
stood behind the improvement. 

Mr. Cooper has reason to take a great deal of 
pride in his home and family. October 27, 188.5, 
he married Fannie Spotswood Burwell, of Meek- 
lenberg County, Virginia. They have eight 
children. George Burwell is manager of an im- 
])ortant tobacco manufacturing company at Bristol, 
England. John Downey, Jr., is superintendent and 
manager and electrician with the Harriet Cotton 
Mill at Henderson. Lewis Gintes an attorney at 
law but is now lieutenant of artillery with the 
I'nited States Army. Fannie Spotswood is Mrs. 
A. A. Zollicoffer, her husband a cotton mill man. 
James Wesley is sergeant major of the One 
Humlred and Twenty-First Regiment of Infantry, 
T'nited States Army. David Alexander is at- 
tending medical school in the University of North 
Carolina. Tlie two younger children are Henry 
Burwell, a student of the State University, and 
Marshall Young, a student in the high school at 
Henderson. 

Titus Willi.\m Carr III was in many ways a 
distinguished character of Eastern North Carolina 
and in his career represented liotli the older 
aristocratic elements of the state and also that 
courageous patriotism and pioneer resourcefulness 
by which the sons of the olil South reliabilitated 
their fortunes under the new conditions following 
the war. 

He was born in Pitt County, North Carolina, 
February 27, 1841, and his death occurred Febru- 
ary 28, 190.'!. He was fourth in descent from 
Robert Carr of Nansemond County, Virginia, who 
died in 177:!. The will of Roliert Carr, still extant, 
is a unique document, amusing in its minute de- 
tails. In it he speaks of being the author of 
eight children and the possessor of ' ' much 
plunder. ' ' 

Titus Carr I in 178.5 moved to Greene County, 
North Carolina, settling upon a tract of land 
which has never since departed the jiossession of 
the family. Titus Carr II, who lived from 1788 



128 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



to 1837, rearei-1 a large family of twelve sons and 
ilaugliteis on tlie home ijlaee, but after his death 
all migrateil to the tar South, to Mississippi and 
Texas, with tlie exception of Matthew, fatiier of 
Titus William Curr III. In Mississippi and Texas 
the descendants of the other children are still 
numerous and ]jrominent. 

Matthew L. Carr remained in North Carolina to 
settle up his father's estate and soon formed ties 
that held liim the rest of his life. He became a 
man of considerable wealth, and while too old 
for service in the Civil war he gave liberally of 
his means to the cause. Prior to the war he had 
served as a colonel of militia and in IS.jG was a 
member of the State Senate. He married Sara_h 
Saunders, and their second sou was Titus William 
Carr III. 

The latter received his early training in the ohl 
Stautonburg Academy, afterwards attended the 
Horner School in Oxford, North Carolina, and 
was graduated in the class of 1863 from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. At college and through 
life he was characterized by his neatness of ap- 
pearance and was known as ' ' the handsomest man 
at university. ' ' While he specialized in the study 
of law, he never sought admission to the bar. 

After graduating from university he entered 
the Confederate States Army as first lieutenant of 
Company K, Sixty-Seventh North Carolina Regi- 
ment of Cavalry. His military record is found in 
Clark 's North Carolina Regiments, Vol. 3, In 
March, 1865, in a brush with the enemy near Kins- 
ton, his horse fell and he was captured. He re- 
mained in prison at Fort Delaware until the end 
of the war. While on the way to prison the young 
• officer in charge of the prisoners, being a member 
of the same college fraternity, gave him forty 
dollars in gold. To the possession of this money he 
attributed the preservation of his life under the 
hard conditions of imprisonment. 

Like hosts of other young men in the South, 
reared in afSuence, educated for the profession of 
law-, returning after the close of the war and find- 
ing all swept away, he turned to the first thing 
that offered, the cultivation of mother earth, for 
which he had strong natural inclinations. De- 
scended from a long line of land owners and land 
lovers, this occupation was most agreeable to 
him. Leaving his father's home, which happily 
had escaped tlie ravages of war, he struck out for 
himself. Within a year after his return from a 
northern prison he married, and took his bride into 
a virtual wilderness in Greene County, where he 
became a jilanter and merchant, and in time bought 
and operated large tracts of farming lands. Ac- 
companying him to his new home were a few of 
the faithful family slaves who went with him to 
accept relations with their former master upon 
a new and strange basis, that of hired employes. 
Notable among these former slavey was Louis, 
early playfellow of his master, his personal ser- 
vant at school and university, who had followed 
him faithfully through the war and who, surviving 
his master by several years, died only recently. 
By personal effort Titus William Carr carved out a 
modest fortune for himself and encouraged his 
neighbors to do likewise. He reared and educated 
four children, all of whom received college and 
university training. With great personal pride 
he made of his home a place of note in Eastern 
North Carolina, and died there mourned as a true 
friend of all classes. 

Though his influence in his community was of 
exceptional power and benefit, he never held public 



office, though often solicited to do so. He was a 
democrat, a member of the Masonic Order, and of 
the Missionary Baptist Church. 

Mr. Carr was twice marrie<l and his wives were 
sisters. The first was Ada Gray Little, whom he 
married February 27, 1866, and who died Febru- 
ary 8, 1882. oil Seiitember 1, 1887, he married 
Dora E. Little, who is still living. Their father 
was Col. James Little of Beaufort County. They 
were descended from John Eborne (VonEborne) of 
Hyde County, who took an active part in the 
Revolutionary war and afterwards for many years 
represented his county in the State Legislature. 
The wives of Mr. Carr were descended through 
their mother from the Huguenot family of Laniers. 

The four children ot Titus W. Carr III are: 
William (Jray Carr, who lives in Wilson, North 
Carolina, and married Sallie Herring; Dr. 
Matthew L. Carr, who is unmarried and lives in 
New York City; Frederick L. Carr, mentioned on 
following pages; and Dorothy Carr, who lives in 
Wilson, the wife of Charles Har[ier. 

Frederick Louis Cark, a son of the late Titus 
William Carr, III, was born on his father's planta- 
tion in Greene County on August 7, 1873; was for 
a number of years actively associated with his 
father in business affairs, and latterly has formed 
various influential bu.siness connections at Wilson. 
He is a large stockholder, a director and memlier 
of the finance committee of the Branch Banking 
and Trust Company; director and treasurer of the 
Wilson Cotton Mills, and actively connected with 
other business enterjirises in his community. 

He was educated at home under a private tutor, 
afterwards attended the Horner Military Institute 
at Oxford, North Carolina, and in 1895 graduated 
' ' summa cum laude ' ' from the University of North 
Carolina, being a charter member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa chapter at that institution. For one year he 
was instructor in Latin at the university, pursuing 
advanced studies in political .science, and was 
awarded a scholarship at the Johns Hopkins In- 
stitute. But preferring the activities of business, 
he found ample opportunities for his talents in the 
management of his father 's interests, and has 
always manifested a strong family trait which has 
kept the Carrs close to the land. Mr. Carr directs 
the operation of a splendid farming estate of many 
thousand acres, and his individual efforts have 
contributed much to the sum total of North 
Carolina 's agricultural industry. 

In 1901 and again in 1903 Mr. Carr represented 
his county in the State Legislature. For six years 
he was jjrivate secretary to Senator Lee S. Over- 
man, resigning when he was married to devote 
his time to his business interests. Mr. Carr is a 
member of the Wilson Country Club, a Royal Arch 
Mason, and a member of the Episcopal Church. 

He was married on December 10, 1908, to Nancy 
("Nan") Barnes Branch, noted for her skill as 
a horsewoman and for her proficiency in outdoor 
sports. She is a daughter of the late Alpheus 
Branch and a granddaughter of Gen. Joshua 
Barnes, both well known and prominent North 
Carolinians. Mr. and Mrs. Carr have two children, 
Frederick Louis, Jr., and Alpheus Branch Carr. 

Gen. Joshu.\ Barnes, whose name is so closely 
linked with the early history of the City of Wilson 
and the formation of Wilson County, was born in 
that part of old Edgecombe County which later 
became Wilson County on .January 15. 1813. He 
was of long lived, vigorous stock. His parents 




# *^ 




GENERAL JOSHUA BARNES 
Jan. 15, 1813— Oct. 5, 1890 



THE riLV--' YOKK j 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



tS' OR. LENOX. 

•ndations 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



129 



were Jesse aud Edith (Dew) Barnes, both of whom 
exceeded the allotted span of life. Jesse Barues 
was born in 17(51 and died in lS4o, aud his wife 
was born in 1775 and died in 1849. General 
Barnes was married May 16, 1845, to Matilda 
Bynum, who was born May 21, 1819, and died 
December 5, 188;J. Her parents were likewise long 
lived. She was a daughter of Turner Byuum, 
who was born October 5, 1787, and died in 1867, 
and his wife, Nancy Bynura, lived from 1787 to 
1859. The Byuuras were very prominent in Eastern 
Carolina, and were proprietors of large land hold- 
ings there. General Barnes and his wife had only 
two children: Louise Wilson Barnes, who died on 
the verge of manhood; and Nannie, who became 
the wife of Aljiheus Branch, a prominent banker 
and merchant elsewhere referred to. 

General Barnes, who died October 5, 1890, was 
one of the most influential citizens of his time. 
About a year before his death, referring to his 
work in the establishment of Wilson County and 
the upbuilding of the City of Wilson, the Raleigh 
State Chronicle contained an article from which 
the foUowiug sentences are abstracted as having 
special application to the present purpose: 

"General Joshua Barues probably enjoys the 
high honor of being the only man in the state 
who was a commissioner of a town of which he 
was not a resident. General Barnes lived two 
miles north of Wilson, was the most distinguished 
citizen of his section and had often served in 
the Legislature and had been particularly zealous 
in his efforts to secure the incorporation and up- 
buildiug of the town. His election was a compli- 
ment to his well directed zeal. On February 15, 
1855, the Town of Wilson, which had been in 
Edgecombe County, was made the county seat of 
the newly established County of Wilson. During 
1854 the question of making a new county out of 
parts of Edgecombe, Wayne, Nash and Johnston 
counties was the leading topic. The opposition was 
very great, especially around Tarboro. The can- 
vass was of the most exciting nature, but General 
Joshua Barnes and Colonel David Williams, who 
advocated the new county, were elected to the 
Legislature. When the news reached Wilson from 
General Barnes that the new county had been 
established the joy of the people knew no bounds. 
. . . The zeal, untiring labor and successful 
endeavors, especially of General Barnes, won for 
him the lasting gratitude of the people. He had 
been often in the Legislature and had a host of 
friends throughout the state. His popularity 
served the good purpose of getting many votes for 
the new county. The future of Wilson was assured. 
General Barnes lives to this day, an honored and 
loved citizen, to see the ripened fruits of his 
patriotic labors. He was the first chairman of the 
County Court. ' ' It should be added that the 
county was named for General Louis Wilson of 
Edgeeomb. General Wilson was an intimate friend 
of General Barnes, and for him General Barnes 
named liis only son Louis Wilson. 

Another account indicating the esteem in which 
General Barnes was held is found in the Wilson 
Advance of October 16, 1890, a few days after his 
.leath : 

' ' On Monday morning at 7 o 'clock at the resi- 
dence of his son-in-law, A. Branch, Gen. Joshua 
Barnes departed this life in the peace of God and 
in charity for mankind. He has been a sufferer 
over twenty years from paralysis, his splendid con- 
stitution having borne him through two attacks 



of that fearful disease, though entirely destroying 
his powers of locomotion. 

"Born in sight of Wilson, his whole life had 
been spent in our midst, exemplifying the very best 
type of her citizens, the patriot and Christian. 
Full of years and honors, and first in the hearts 
of the people, he has been gathered to his fathers, 
and, in the words of John Randolph on the death 
of Nathaniel Macon, we feel that the last of th6 
old Romans is gone. 

' ' General Barnes sprang from a people of hardy 
virtues and he inherited from his parents not only 
a good patrimony and a vigorous constitution, but 
a religion that has moxdded many a hero, the 
severe logic of which he has never been tempted 
to abandon. He married MatUda, daughter of the 
late Turner Bynum of Edgecombe County, by 
whom he had two children, a son who died on the 
verge of manhood and his daughter Mrs. Branch. 
His wife, a most amiable lady, preceded him sev- 
eral years to the spirit land, and for whose memory 
he cherished a fond affection. 

' ' General Barnes was a born leader of men and 
liis services at home and in the Legislature which 
resulted in the establishment of the county will 
not be forgotten. His influence with a body com- 
posed of the best talent of the state contributed 
not a little to the successful issue of a measure 
that was vigorously opposed. Besides his services 
as a general of the militia, as chairman of the 
County Court and justice of the peace, he was al- 
ways foremost in every measure that tended to the 
advancement of the people. Social in his tempera- 
ment, he enjoyed life and made no difference in 
man, but had a smile and a word for every man, 
woman and child in the community that came with- 
in his reach, and knew them all by name. There 
was something in his smile and words that attracted 
people and particularly children, yet when excited 
he roared like a lion. 

' ' In his youthful days he excelled in many sports 
and particularly enjoyed hunting and the excite- 
ment of the chase; and to the very last like an 
old war hor.se at the tap of the drum, he was all 
attention at the recital of an unusual story and out 
of his treasures he could usually produce one to 
match it. 

' ' He gave much to the poor, was faithful to his 
friends, and his honesty, prudence and truthful- 
ness made up the well rounded character that he 
was. The long procession and solemn funeral 
Tuesday, with the business of the town entirely 
suspended, with tolling bells, attest the love and 
respect of the whole community. In his seventy- 
eighth year, having seen his descendants to the 
third generation, he has fallen on sleep. ' ' 

General Joshua Barnes was pre-eminently a type 
of the Old South. Born to command, accustomed 
to affairs on a lavish scale, he might have found it 
dlfiicult to adjust his ideas to conditions after the 
war, but no mention of the early history of Wilson 
is complete without his name. Soon after the 
war he was stricken with paralysis and committed 
the direction of his affairs more and more to the 
care of hig son-in-law, Alpheus Branch, while he 
found relief through many years of helplessness in 
the intercourse of a large circle of friends, and in 
the family circle of his only daughter, with whom 
he made his home till his death. 

Alpheus Branch was one of the notable charac- 
ters and vitalizing forces of Eastern North Caro- 
lina from the close of the war until his death. He 



330 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



was still young -when the great war closed. With 
a maturity of experience and a breadth of niiud 
beyond his years he soon foresaw the possibilities 
of Eastern North Carolina, and in building his 
own business career he did much to reconstruct 
and make provisions for the future welfare of his 
entire community. He was never a politician, his 
name does not till high places in public affairs, 
but as a business man he still had time for public 
welfare and was foremost in every public enterprise 
of his section, his name being among the first to be 
included in any church, school or philanthropic 
subscriptions. Of Scotch-Irish ancestry, he 
possessed the indomitable will and tireless energy 
of his race, and the success of his life has im- 
pressed his name upon the business and social 
interests of a large community. 

He was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, 
May 7, 1843, and died, when still comparatively 
young, at Wilson on January 3, 1893. His parents 
were Capt. Samuel Warren and Mary Branch. 
His father was an extensive planter before the 
war and also a man who tilled a large jjlace in 
his community. During his early boyhood Alpheus 
Branch attended the Academy of Dr. Charles F. 
Deems at Wilson, the Horner School at Oxford, 
and Trinity College, which he left at the beginning 
of the war at the age of seventeen. 

During the war he served as a member of the 
Scotland Neck Cavalry. His military record will 
be found in the Confederate Military History 
(Hill) Volume 4. He was also interested in mili- 
tary organizations, and after the war he served 
as an honorary member of the Wilson Light In- 
fantry Company, and did much to encourage its 
discipline and supjiort as a creditable unit of the 
military organizations of the state. 

After the war, like many others, he turned his 
first attention to agriculture and did farming on 
a large scale and with unusual success. In 1872 
he founded the mercantile firm of Branch & Com- 
pany, afterwards Branch, Hadley & Company, and 
still lat«r Branch, Briggs & Company. This busi- 
ness had a steady growth until it was one of the 
wealthiest firms in the state, with branches in 
many towns. In 188.'t Alpheus Branch founded 
and became president of the Wilson Cotton Mills. 
In 1889 was founded the banking house of Branch 
& Comiiany, of which he was first president. 
This enterprise, always regarded by Mr. Branch 
as his crowning achievement, well justified his 
confidence. Under the present title as the Branch 
Banking & Trust Company it is one of the leading 
banks of Eastern North Carolina. Mr. Branch 
was also a large stockholder and a member of the 
audit committee of the W. & W. Railroad Com- 
pany. 

When his achievements as a business man are 
considered, his disinclination to public office and 
the lack of time which prevented his acceptance 
of such honors appear in the nature of a real loss 
to the community. He was a democrat in politics 
and a member of the Episcopal Church. 

On November 7, 1865, Alpheus Branch married 
Nannie Barnes, only daughter of the late Gen. 
Joshua Barnes, whose individual career and 
family connections are traced on other pages. 
Mrs. "Alpehus Branch died July 1, 1901. The 
record of their children is: Ximena, who was born 
March 10, 1867, died June 28, 1900, she married 
first James Rolierts and second R. G. Briggs, and 
had her home for many years in Wilson. A. Paul, 
born October 27, 1869, died March 14, 1910. He 



married Annie Harris. Mattie, born August 10, 
1874, died December 27, 1914, she was first the 
wife of Edgar Gay and afterwards of J. B. 
Williams. Nancy, born January 11, 1879, is the 
wife of Frederick L. Carr of Wilson. Ellen, born 
August 21, 1881, is the wife of S. H. Anderson 
of Wilson. Joshua, born June 28, 1883, died 
April 5, 1904. 

Rev. Thom.\s Paul Griffin. For seventeen 
years, during the greater part of his ministry, 
Rev. Thomas Paul Griffin has been one of the able 
and constructive workers in the Catholic Diocese 
of North Carolina. During that time he has been 
continuously pastor of the Church of Sacred Heart 
at Raleigh. 

He was born at Baltimore, Maryland, July 10, 
1871, a son of Michael and Catherine (Eaton) 
Griffin. Early in life he determined to devote his 
services to the church, and his early training was 
carried on under the direction of the Jesuit Fa- 
thers at Loyola College and he studied theology 
and philosophy at St. Mary 's Seminary at Balti- 
more and in the Benedictine Monastery at Beatty, 
Pennsylvania. He was ordained a priest July 26, 
1896, and was at once assigned to service in North 
Carolina. The first three years he spent at Fay- 
etteville, and since then has been at the head of 
the Church of the Sacred Heart at Raleigh. His 
parish comprises forty-five families and about 
160 pupils are enrolled in the schools. It was 
during his pastorate that the Dominican nuns 
opened up the Sacred Heart Academy and that 
institution has steadily grown in merit among all 
creeds. Although a Catholic school the large at- 
tendance of those not of that faith shows the 
effective methods of the Dominican nuns as teach- 
ers. Father GrifSji in 1916 completed the beauti- 
ful granite rectory at a cost of $8,000, and he 
and his congregation now look forward to the 
erection of a beautiful church building. 

S.'VCRED Heart Catholic Church of Raleigh 
began its corporate existence in 1834. At that 
time it was known as the Church of St. John the 
Baptist. Prior to its existence mass had been 
offered up in the homes of the faithful where a 
visiting priest ministered to their spiritual needs. 
The first church was built in 1834. It is said that 
the first mass ever celebrated in Raleigh was by 
Rev. PetCT Whelan in 1832 in the house of Mat- 
thew Shaw, a Presbyterian. Raleigh was then in 
the diocese of Charleston under the spiritual care 
of the learned and eminent Bishop England, who 
frequently ministered and preached there. 

Father Whelan, the first pastor, was succeeded 
about 1840 by Father McGowan. Father Dunn 
was pastor from 1848 to 18.54. Rev. Dr. P. Ryan 
came in 1854, during the period when "Know 
Nothingism ' ' was rampant. He was recalled to 
Charleston in 1859, and was succeeded by Rev. 
Thomas Quigley. During his pastorate he secured 
the church and lot formerly the jiroperty of the 
First Baptist Church of Raleigh. The church was 
dedicated under the title and invocation of St. 
John the Baptist June 3, 1860. Bishop Lynch of 
Charleston officiated and there was also present 
Most R«v. John Hughes, Archbishop of New York, 
who was on his way to Chapel Hill to lecture at 
the University of North Carolina by invitation of 
the students. Father Quigley left Raleigh in 1867 
and was succeeded by Rev. Henry P. Northop, 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



131 



who later on became Bishop of Charlestoii, his 
native city, where he died in June, 1916. 

From 1870 to 1874 Rev. J. V. McNamara and 
Bev. Mark Guss were pastors. Rev. John J. 
Reilly was pastor from 1874 to 1877, when he 
was succeeded by Rev. James B. White. Rev. Wil- 
liam J. Wright took the place of Father White 
for nearly two years while the former was busy 
in effecting the purchase of new church property. 

To Father White belongs the honor of securing 
for the Catholics of Raleigh the maguitieent prop- 
erty now occupied for church, school and rectory. 
Father White was a man of wonderful executive 
ability. Having filled an office of high trust under 
the Federal government he retired from the world 
and was ordained a priest by Bishop Gibbons, now 
Cardinal Archbishop of Baltimore. 

This property is in the heart of Raleigh adjacent 
to the capitol. At present the Dominican nuns of 
Newburgh conduct a day school for boys and girls 
and accommodate a limited number of girls as 
boarders. This school was opened in 1909. The 
program is the same as that of the graded and 
high school departments in Raleigh. These sisters 
have also establishments at Newton Grove and 
Durham. It is the earnest hope of their patrons 
that the Sacred Heart Academy in Raleigh will 
continue to grow and add another name to the 
long list of educational institutions under the care 
of the Dominican sisters. 

The Catholics of Raleigh are beginning to look 
forward to the erection of a church worthy of 
the Catholic religion and of the capital of the 
State of North Carolina. At present they worship 
in a temporary structure. Recently there has been 
furnished a beautiful rectory of Salisbury granite 
under the direction of the present pastor, Rev.' 
Thomas P. Griffin. It is hoped that this building 
will prove an inspiration to adorn the property 
with other buildings comporting with the site ac- 
quired largely by the sacrifice of Father White. 

Father White was succeeded in 1887 by Rev. 
John Reilly. From 1889 to 1892 the pastorate was 
filled for short terms by Rev. Father Charles and 
Father Francis of the Benedictine Order. Rev. 
Peter Marian was appointed in 1892 and after 
faithful service was removed to Asheville, North 
Carolina. In September, 1895, Rev. James Pren- 
dergast took charge and after a pastorate of four 
years died of pneumonia at the Rea Hospital in 
Raleigh. He was a gentle, sweet character and is 
remembered today for his extensive charity. He 
was buried in Plulippburg, New Jersey, his birth- 
place. Rev. Thomas P. Griffin was appointed in 
1899. 

Lee Vance Phillips. An able and prominent 
business man of Lexington, Lee Vance Phillips is 
actively identified with the manufacturing and 
mercantile interests of Davidson County, being 
proprietor of a veneer plant at Linwood, the fac- 
tory, established through his enterprise, having 
been the third of the kind in North Carolina to 
make veneering. He was born on a farm in Yadkin 
College Township, a son of J. Sanford Phillips, 
coming from English ancestry. 

Barnes Phillips, his grandfather, was a native, 
it is understood, of Montgomery County, North 
Carolina. Locating in Arcadia Township in early 
manhood, he bought a tract of land, and was there 
engaged in agricultural pursuits during his re- 
maining years. He married a Miss Cowles, and 



they became the parents of five sons, as follows: 
J. Sanford, James, F. M., Benjamin, and Frank. 

.J. Sanford Phillips was born in Arcadia Town- 
ship March 2, 1824, and while young acquired 
valuable experience in the art and science of 
agriculture. After his marriage, he settled on land 
that his wife had inherited, and began his career 
as an agriculturist. During the Civil war, he was 
detailed by the Confederate government to work 
at the salt petre plant. Subsequently resuming his 
former employment, he continued as a tiller of the 
soil until his death, in 1905. He was twice married. 
His first wife, whose maiden name was Nancy 
Sheets, died in early life, leaving one child. Wes- 
ley A. Phillips. The maiden name of his second 
wife was Margaret Wagler. She was born in 
Yadkin College Township, Davidson County, 
Mar-ch 28, 1826, a daughter of Hon. Henry and 
Elizabeth (Warner) Wagler. Her father, an ex- 
tensive planter and slave holder, was prominent in 
public affairs, and represented his county in the 
State Legislature for a numljer of terms. Mrs. 
Margaret (Wagler) Phillips died July 29, 1892. To 
her and her husband nine children were born, 
namely : Henry Thomas, Elizabeth died at the age 
of four years, John F., Mary E., Martha, M. F., 
D. W., Leila B., and Lee Vance. 

Having eomjileted his studies in Yadkin College 
Township, Lee Vance Phillips began life on his own 
account as a commercial salesman, and for twelve 
years traveled throughout North Carolina and 
South Carolina selling tobacco. Resigning his posi- 
tion in 1892, Mr. Phillips embarked in an entirely 
new venture. Locating in Linwood, he established 
a veneer plant, it being the third one of the kind 
in the state. Meeting with genuine success in his 
undertaking, he has operated the plant ever since, 
finding much profit in his industry, his home, how- 
ever, being iu Lexington. 

On January 10, 1901, Mr. Phillips was united iu 
marriage with Mary Wells Hall, who was born 
in Steel Township, Rowan County, a daughter 
of Newberry Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips are 
active and consistent members of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a deacon, and both are 
actively interested in its Sunday School, she being 
a teacher, and he a member of the Bible class. 
Mr. Phillips is warmly interested iu political and 
public affairs, and as a menilier of the county 
board of road commissioners was' an earnest and 
faithful worker for good roads. Fraternally Mr. 
Phillips is a member of Lexington Lodge, No. 
473, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons; 
of Lexington Chapter, Order of Eastern Star, to 
which Mrs. Phillips also belongs; and a member 
of Lexington Lodge, Knights of Pythias. 

Howard Thach Shannonhouse. Prosperity 
comes not to the man who idly waits but to the 
faithful toiler whose labor is characterized by 
intelligence and force and who has the foresight 
and sagacity to know when, where and how to 
exert his energies. Thus it hap]iens that only a 
small portion of those who enter tlie world 's broad 
arena in business competition come off victors in 
the struggle for wealth and position. Some lack 
perseverance, others business sagacity and still 
others are negligent and dilatory, but the record 
of Howard Thach Shannonhouse, of Hertford, 
proves that he possesses all the requisite qualities 
necessary to cope with the complex conditions of 
the business world. He is connected with a num- 
ber of ]irominent enterprises at Hertford, and has 



132 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



so capably directed his activities that, although 
still a young mau, he is now accounted one of the 
prosperous citizens of the community. 

Mr. Shannonhouse was born at Hertford, Xortli 
Carolina, February 18, 188-1, and is a sou of Wil- 
liam Robert and Addie Honeywood (Thaeh) Shau- 
nonhouse. His father was a general merchant and 
farmer and a respected and well to do citizen, 
and the youth was given excellent opportunities for 
the gaining of a general, military and business 
education. After attending tlie public schools 
and Hertford Academy, he was a student at the 
Horner Military School, and when he left that 
admirable institution was well equipped to take 
his place among the world 's workers. For a period 
of ten years Mr. Shannonhouse had the benefit of 
experience in a business way in association with 
his father in the general merchandise line, and 
at present is engaged in the sale of fertilizers, pea- 
nuts, etc., possesses large and important farming 
interests, and is prominently connected in other 
ways. He is manager of the firm of Shannonhouse 
& Blanehard, dealers in cotton seed, peanuts and 
soy beans, is a director of the Hertford Banking 
Company, and is manager of the Shannonhouse 
Estate, doing business under the firm style of 
Shannonhouse & Company. With W. T. Shannon- 
house and Mrs. W. 0. Elliott, a brother and 
sister, he owns the old Harvey Estate, which first 
belonged to the old and honorable family of that 
name who settled in Harvey Neck, this estate in- 
cluding the old home of Col. John Harvey and the 
1,400 acres of land connected with it. 

While he is primarily a business man, Mr. 
Snannonhouse has not neglected the duties of 
citizenship, and in addition to serving as town 
commissioner, has aided every public-spirited move- 
mait which his judgment has told him would have 
been beneficial to the community. He is energetic 
in his actions and operations, reliable in his busi- 
ness transactions, and faithful to his engagements, 
and therefore his reputation in the business world 
is an enviable one. He belongs to the Hertford 
Baptist Church, with Mrs. Shannonhouse, and at 
present is serving as a member of the church 
board of trustees. In addition to the training 
which he secured during the period of his educa- 
tion at the militarv institute, Mr. Shannonhouse 
has had practical experience as a soldier, having 
served as lieutenant of Company F, Second Regi- 
ment, North Carolina National Guards, during the 
administrations of Governors Russell, Aycock and 

Glenn. , .^ , 

On July 16, 1913, Mr. Shannonhouse was united 
in marriage with Miss Annie Hughes, of Hertford, 
daughter of Joseph and Anna Elizabeth (Caroone) 
Hughes. 

Millard Mial. Among the progressive agri- 
culturists of Wake County who have been called 
to fill positions of high trust in the government 
•of the state, Millard Mial, of Raleigh, holds a 
foremost position. Born of a family of lovers of 
nature and tillers of the soil for many generations 
it is only natural that he should be first, last and 
all the time a farmer. Although a county official 
for a number of years, with duties preventing him 
from spending as much time on his farm as he 
would like, he has not lost one whit of interest in 
things agricultural, nor neglected to get close to 
nature in field and wood whenever possible. 

Millard Mial was born on a farm in Mark's 
Creek Township, Wake County, North Carolina, 
and is a descendant of two of the oldest and most 



pronfinent families in the Old North State. His 
father, Alonzo T. Mial, was an extensive planter 
and a mau well known for the deep interest he 
took in the political, educational and religious life 
of his community. The Mial family were among 
the first settlers 'in the state, the land upon which 
Millard Mial was born having been granted to 
the family by King George III of England. This 
grant was preserved by the Mial family until the 
time of the war between the states, when the wax 
bearing the official seal of the English Govern- 
ment was used for some other purpose, wax at 
that time being almost impossible to procure. 
Mr. Mial 's mother was before marriage Miss Vic- 
toria LeMay, daught-er of Thomas J. LeMay, who 
more than three-quarters of a century ago was 
editor and publisher of the Raleigh Star and 
North Carolina Gazette, one of the leading -whig 
papers of the state. 

Milliard Mial as a youth attended the country 
schools and Trinity College, from which latter 
he was graduated "in 1872. He was interested 
in agricultural pursuits and after leaving college 
took up farming and followed this vocation con- 
tinuously untU the year 1891, when he was ap- 
pointed by the board of county commissioners 
to fill an "unexpired term as register of deeds of 
Wake County. Although always actively inter- 
ested in politics and the cause of democracy, Mr. 
Mial had not been a candidate for public office 
up to that time, but so well did he fill the office 
to which he was appointed that he was urged by 
friends to become a candidate in the following 
election. He was fully elected and served untU 
1894, establishing an 'excellent record. In 1898 
he was appointed one of two county commission- 
ers authorized by the Legislature to bring the total 
membership of that body up to five and was elected 
a member of the board two years later. ^ He 
served as a member of the Legislature from Wake 
Countv in 1907 and was elected clerk of the Su- 
perior" Court of Wake County in 1910. He was 
re-elected in the election of 1914 and is stiU 
serving in that office. 

Although in the public limelight for many 
years, Mr. Mial has never been a seeker after 
"office, nor has he used his position of trust as a 
means of personal aggrandizement. His accept- 
ance of nomination for office has always been at 
the earnest urging of fellow-citizens actuated by 
a desire to see public positions of trust and re- 
sponsibility filled by men of high ideals, stead- 
fastness of character and unimpeachable hon- 
esty. Throughout his career both public and pri- 
vate, Mr. Mial has always maintained an hon- 
orable standard and in the discharge of his official 
duties has been faithful, exact and systematic. 

Mr. Mial is by faith and church membership a 
Methodist and "is affiliated with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, of Mark's Creek Town- 
ship. He was a member of the Seaton Gales Lodge 
of Odd Fellows and of the Raleigh Country Club. 
He has extensive farming interests and holdings 
in Wake and Johnson counties and is numbered 
among the most advanced and progressive agri- 
culturists of North Carolina. 

■ Rupus A. Shore early chose the newspaper 
business as his career and has for many years 
been identified with the Twin City Sentinel at 
Winston-Salem, being now its business manager. 
He was born at Salem. North Carolina. His 
grandfather, Thomas Shore, was born near Hope- 









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HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



133 



well Church iu what is now Forsyth County and 
was of German stock. At one time he owned a 
farm near Hopewell Church and operated it with 
slave labor. He married Mary Sliutt, who was 
born in the same locality, daughter of George 
Shutt, also of German ancestry. Both grand- 
parents lived to a good old age and are buried in 
Hopewell Churchyard. Tlieir four sons and two 
daughters were named Samuel, Jonas, Henry W., 
Lucy, Mary and Nathaniel. 

Jonas A. Shore, the father of Eufus, was born 
near Hopewell Church, was educated in the public 
schools and when a young man he was employed 
in driving stage from Salem to High Point. Later 
he was in the wood working department of the 
Salem Iron Works for several years, and continued 
a resident of Salem until his death. He married 
Martha Elizabeth Thomas, who was born near 
Friedburg, and her father, John W. Thomas, at 
one time had a dairy farm in South Pork Town- 
ship and subsequently removed to Salem, establish- 
ing the first dairy in that town. Mrs. Jonas Shore 
died December 27, 1916, the mother of two sons, 
Rufus A. and Fred E., who is now a merchant 
at Kings, North Carolina. 

Eufus Shore was educated at Salem in the Boys 
School, and on leaving school became a clerk in 
J. B. Whittaker 's book store. Prom that he went 
to work with the Sentinel in the circulating de- 
partment, and in 1903 was promoted to his present 
responsibilities as business manager of that well 
known and influential journal. He is also busi- 
ness manager of the Wachovia Moravian, the or- 
gan of the southern province of the Moravian 
Church. 

On November 10, 1901, Mr. Shore married Miss 
Susie J. James, who was born at Old Town, daugh- 
ter of Prauklin and Jane (Spaugh) James. The 
James family is of early Virginia ancestry, while 
the Spaughs are members of that well known fam- 
ily in Western North Carolina elsewhere referred 
to. Mr. and Mrs. Shore have two children : Eufus 
James and Mary Louise. Mr. Shore is active in 
the Home Moravian Church, while his wife is a 
Baptist. 

Matthew Lewis Ogburn. now deceased, was 
long a prominent resident of Oldtown Township, 
Forsyth County. He served with distinction in 
the war between the states and during the greater 
part of his active career was more or less closely 
identified with the tobacco culture and tobacco 
maniifactui'e. However, he operated a large estate 
as a general farmer, and for his achievements and 
for his character his name is spoken with high re- 
spect and with grateful memory in his part of the 
state. 

He was born on a plantation in Oldtown Town- 
ship June 1, 1832. His father, Edward Ogburn, 
was born in Virginia, moved to North Carolina, 
and bought land in Oldtown Township, in Stokes 
but now Forsyth County. There he prospered as 
a farmer and lived in that community until his 
death. He married Miss Williams. 

Matthew L. Ogburn gi'ew up on his father 's 
farm, had such advantages in school and home 
training as were then possible and was making 
his work count as an independent farmer when the 
war broke out. On May 22, 1S61, he enlisted in 
Company D of the Twenty-first Regiment, North 
Carolina troops. That regiment went to Virginia 
and became a part of the command under Gen. 
Stonewall Jackson. Mr. Ogburn was with his com- 



rades until severely wounded at the Battle of 
Pavillion Station in Virginia, and being incapaci- 
tated was granted an honorable discharge in 
.\ugust, 1862. While recuperating he went to 
South Carolina and planted a crop of cotton. On 
June 24, 1864, he enlisted in Company G of the 
Xinth North Carolina Cavalry, and was in the 
c-avalrv Ijranch of the Confederate army until the 
close of hostilities. 

Tlie war over Mr. Ogburn entered the employ 
of the l.ate Nathaniel D. Sullivan, long prominent 
as a pioneer tobacco manufacturer in Forsyth 
County. As a traveling salesman he carried the 
Sullivan tobaccos for distribution all over South 
Carolina and Georgia, and continued as a tobacco 
salesman about five years. Mr. Ogburn then set- 
tled down in Oldtown Township, wliere he bought 
300 acres. He raised all the staple crops, but 
emphasized tobacco culture and also the manufac- 
ture of tobacco. His products as a tobacco grower 
were sent to the southern markets. 

In 1870 Mr. Ogburn bought 300 acres of land 
in Oldtown Township, only a small part of which 
was improved, and he subsequently added another 
100 acres. Here he continued his work as a farmer 
and tobacco manufacturer and grower, and lived 
to find himself surrounded with all the material 
comforts and conveniences. That was his home 
when death came to him March 9, 1913, when past 
eighty years of age. 

Mr. Ogburn was married in February, 1870, to 
Anna Eliza (Huckabee) Clowney. Mrs. Ogburn, 
who is still living at the old home in Oldtown 
Township, was born in Kershaw County, South 
Carolina, November 25, 1841. Her grandfather, 
Hon. Richard Huckabee, was a prominent South 
Carolina planter and slave owner and made a 
name in public affairs in the early days of the 
state being a member of the State Legislature. 
Richard Huckabee married Mary Booker, and both 
of tliem lived to a good old age. William Booker 
Huckabee, father of Mrs. Ogburn, was born either 
in Wake or Cumberland County, North Carolina, 
and spent practically all his life as a farmer. Re- 
moving to South Carolina, he bought a plantation 
on the Wat«ree River in Kershaw County and was 
one of the aristocratic and successful planters of 
that section. He had a large number of slaves 
to perform the field work and also to spin and 
weave and carry on the varied activities of the 
household. The cloth that was woven by the 
slaves was made into dresses and suits by Mrs. 
Ogburn 's mother, and in the early days all the 
family dressed in homespun. Mrs. Ogburn well 
remembers how when she was a girl the cooking 
was done entirely by an open fire. Her father 
died at the age of seventy-one. William B. 
Huckabee married Catherine Hudson, who was born 
in Kershaw County, South Carolina, daughter of 
Rush and Annie Hudson, and she died at the age 
of sixty-nine. 

Mrs. Ogburn was married in 1860 to John Clow- 
ney of Fairfield County, North Carolina. Mr. 
Clowney enlisted in the Confederate army at the 
lieginning of the war and died while in the serv- 
ice. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ogburn reared six children: Cath- 
erine E., Sally B., Willis, Minnie, Maude and 
Pearl. Catherine is the wife of Walter E. Glad- 
stone and her seven children are Ewell, Emmet, 
Ruth, Howard, Hunter, Ruby and Mary. Sally 
is the wife of Jeff Zigler and has two children, 
Otto and James. Minnie married Jerry Newton 
and has six children, Clara, Anna May, Jerry L., 



134 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Dona, Edward and Evelyn. Maude married John 
Pratt, and their five children are Hazel, Lillian, 
Beryl, Jiianita and Russell. Pearl, the youngest 
daughter of Mrs. Ogburn, is the wife of Robert 
Ferguson, and has two children named Mildred and 
Ogburn. 

Mrs. Ogburn is an active member of the Oak 
Summit Church and her husband was also affiliated 
with that congregation. Fraternally he was a 
member of Winston Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, and was an honored and 
respected member of Norfleet Camp of the United 
Confederate Veterans. 

Rev. William B. Duttera, Ph. D., S. T. D. 
Salisbury, North Carolina, numbers among its 
honored and valued residents many who have won 
noble distinction in one or another field of activity ; 
and in the founding of the First Congregational 
Church and Parish House as a religious and social 
center here. Dr. William B. Duttera lias won a 
place among the most worthy. It was the culmina- 
tion of years of hope and effort on his part, and 
in its final achievements is a monument of things 
yet hoped for. 

William B. Duttera was born at Littlestown, near 
Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, in 1865. 
He is a son of Amos and Martha (Babylon) Dut- 
tera, the latter of whom is deceased. Doctor 
Duttera 's ancestors on coming to America settled 
near Gcrmantown, Pennsylvania. In William B. 
Duttera 's boyhood the family moved to Maryland, 
and later locating at Taneytown, here his father 
engaged in banking business for a while, but he is 
now living retired. 

William B. Duttera attended both public ami 
private schools, and as he was designed for the 
lianking business, he was given a commercial edu- 
cation in Eastman 's National Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York, but later decided to give 
his life to religious and social work. With this 
end in view he entered upon a period of study at 
Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, where he was 
graduated in 1894. In 1897 he finished his theo- 
logical course at Heidelburg University, Ohio, and 
was graduated with the degree of B. D., and in the 
same year became a licensed minister of the Re- 
formed Church. Subsequently he took extensive 
post graduate study in the Chicago University, 
the University of Wisconsin and at Harvard. 
While in Chicago, through the facilities offered by 
Hull House and Graham Taylor's Chicago Com- 
mons, the young man became deeply interested 
both in study and participation in social work. 

Going then to Cincinnati, Doctor Duttera in- 
augurated the university social settlement work 
in that city, where he was located until stricken 
with typhoid fever. It was in 1901 that this 
enthusiast came first to Salisbury, and here he has 
found a congenial home and has made this city 
the scene of his useful activities. Taking charge 
as ])astor of a weak and struggling church, at a 
time when its prospects were discouraging and its 
whole organization needed his revivifying energy, 
he built it up to self support, both materially and 
spiritually and continued its pastor for fourteen 
years. 

In 191o Doctor Duttera withdrew from that 
denomination and founded the First Congregational 
Church of Salislniry, becoming a member of the 
latter communion at that time, and doing this 
in order to carry out long cherished plans to 
combine social and religious work at Salisbury, 
believing the democratic nature of the Congrega- 



tional organization the true ideal under which to 
carry out such plans and affording the widest 
scope. There went with him into his new en- 
deavor a gratifying number of members of his 
former congregation, for many were in thorough 
accord with Doctor Duttera 's broad, liberal and 
progressive ideas for carrying on a modern relig- 
ious and social enterprise in Salisbury, for every- 
body, regardless of creed or lack of creed. The 
original list of members has been substantially 
augmented by other dependable and influential 
people. 

Doctor Duttera. held ser^ces first in the new 
$1.50,000 courthouse, and later in the old court- 
house, converted into a community building, until 
the spring of 1917, when he had the satisfaction 
of dedicating the new Parish House, one block 
away, which has a most central location, standing 
on the corner of Main and Liberty streets. Doctor 
Duttera not only looked after the financing of 
this enterprise, but he designed the building, 
personally selected the lumber, brick and other 
material, and superintended its construction. He 
may justly feel proud of this achievement. He 
is a pioneer in this line, there being no other 
like it in the South, and it has been modeled upon 
the most approved of such structures in the 
northern cities where social work is a part of the 
life of the people. This beautiful and appro- 
priate building is of brick construction through- 
out, two stories in height, with a basement equal 
to another story, and a roof that can be utilized 
during the summer season, thus providing four 
floors. A commodious main auditorium provides 
abundant space for religious services, concerts, 
etc. There are game rooms adjacent for the 
young people, besides a number of other rooms 
for use of individual societies, circles, musical 
organizations, etc. An admirable feature of the 
building is the adequate lightuig, a flood of light 
pouring in on every side, no agent more exhilarat- 
ing or therapeutic, while the ventilating system is 
perfection. The basement has been fitted up as a 
gymnasium for both sexes and is equipped with 
lavatories and shower baths of modern type. The 
Iiasement is also used for basket and volley ball, 
and a completely fitted kitchen and dining room 
provides for other needs. 

Doctor Duttera is a great believer in the power 
of illustration, and with his other methods of 
entertaining, on two Sundays of the month he 
delivers interesting and instructive lectures which 
he illustrates with his comiiound stereoptican. 
He is an eloquent and forceful speaker and has a 
winning personality, and it would be difficult to 
find any other better fitted for such great work 
as he has undertaken. His name is already coupled 
witli other great men of the Congregational body. 

Doctor Duttera was married to Mary R. Julian, 
the only daughter of the late well-known David 
R. Julian, this family being prominent not only 
in Rowan County, but in North Carolina. They 
have four children, namely: Martha Dorothy, 
Wayne Bradford, Maurice Julian and Mary White. 

On many occasions and by many bodies. Doctor 
Duttera has been honored. He is registrar and 
treasurer of the Congregational churches in the 
stale, and no official is better informed or more 
zealous in advancing religious and social propo- 
ganda through the church. He is state president 
for North Carolina of the Patriotic Order of Sons 
of America, and is a national representative of the 
Junior Order of United American Meehajiics, of 
which body he was formerly state chaplain, ami 




1 






'^ 



~>J 



r^ 




HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



135 



later made national fhaplaiu. He is also state 
editor of tlie national organ of the Sons and 
Daughters of Liberty, The Visitor. He has also 
held sundry state oflices in other fraternal organ- 
izations. In closing this all too brief record of 
an unusual man, a torchbearer along |iioneer 
paths at is were, it seems appropriate as indica- 
tive of his aims and beliefs, to append his sum- 
mary of what Congregationalism means : De- 
mocracy iu religion and life; sane evangelism and 
aggressive missionary extension; a civic vision and 
a social consciousness ; church unity in diversity ; 
education and tlie open mind; the proclamation 
of the Gosi)el with the right of Jesus Christ to 
rule all life and tlie spirit of love expressed in 
service. 

Napoleon B. McCanless. Endowed by nature 
with rare judgment, energy and discrimination, 
thoroughly public-spirited and progressive, and 
one whose interests are always of a vital nature, 
Napoleon B. McCanless, of Salisbury, has de- 
voted much of his time to the advancement of his 
home city, aiding in its upbuilding, furthering 
its material pros]ierity, and promoting in every 
possible manner the higher and better interests 
of the county and the state. Identified with vari- 
ous projects, he is associated with the agricul- 
tural, manufacturing and mining interests of 
Rowan County, and is now serving as president 
of the Halifax Cotton Mill Company. He was 
born at Gold Hill, Rowan County, North Carolina, 
a son of Joseph McCanless, and grandson of "Wil- 
liam McCanless, who immigrated to North Caro- 
lina from Scotland, settling on a farm in Iredell 
County. 

Joseph McCanless was born on a farm in Ire- 
dell County, in 1818, and there lived until about 
1845. Coming then to Gold Hill, Rowan County, 
he was engaged in mining until sometime during 
the progress of the Civil war, when he served for 
awhile in the Confederate army. At the close 
of the conflict, the owner of the mine having re- 
covered its possession, he was given charge of 
the mill. Late in life, he removed to Winston, 
and there resided until his death, at the age of 
three score and ten years. The maiden name of 
his wife was Catherine Wasson. She was born in 
Iredell County, a daughter of William Wasson, 
and died at Gold Hill, Rowan County. Five chil- 
dren blessed their union, as follows : William 
Lafayette, James C, David A., Laura, and Na- 
poleon B. 

At the age of fourteen years, enthused with 
patriotic zeal. Napoleon B. McCanless tried to 
enlist in Wheeler 's Cavalry, but failed in the 
attempt. Coming to Salisbury soon after the 
close of the conflict, he was a clerk in the firm 
of McCabbins, Foster & Company, and its suc- 
cessors, for nearly three years. Going then to 
New York, he entered the employ of the firm of 
McCanless & Burrell, of which his brother, Wil- 
liam L. McCanless, was the head, and remained 
until the death of his brother. Going from there 
to Kansas, Mr. McCanless became one of the 
first settlers of Wichita, where he remained for a 
year, being employed in the construction depart- 
ment of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail- 
road. 

Mr. McCanless then returned to Gold Hill, and 
soon after entered the employ of Amos Howe, who 
had at that time purchased a mine, and contin- 
ued with him for a year. The North Carolina 



Reduction Comjiany then bought the mine, and 
he took a contract to mine for them for a year. 
The following year, he filled a contract to haul 
the granite for the Post Office Building at Raleigh. 
Mr. McCanless subsequently contracted vfith the 
state to build a mile of the North Carolina Rail- 
road, beginning at the west end of tlie Swan- 
nauoa Tunnel, but at the end of a year the state 
annulled the coutract. Returning to Salisbury, 
Mr. McCanless was engaged iu the uiercantile 
business for a year, when he sold his interest in 
the firm to his partner. Then, in company with 
Dr. William Murdock aud others, he organized the 
Vance Mill Company, and built aud equipped 
the Vance Mill, which he operated for a time. 
Later, with D. R. Julian and others, he organ- 
ized the Kesler Mill Company, and built and 
equipped the Kesler Mill. 

Prior to that date the streets of Salisbury had 
not been improved, and were in a sad condition, 
at times being almost impassable. Mr. McCan- 
less, with J. S. McCabbins and D. R. Julian, signed 
a contract to macadamize a part of some of the 
streets, the city issuing bonds to the amount of 
$.50,000, the bonds being taken by the contractors 
in payment for their work. The contract being 
filled, Mr. McCanless and Mr. Julian built and 
equipped the North Side Roller Mill, and operated 
it successfully for two years. Later, in partner- 
ship with Thomas St. Vanderford, he built and 
equipped the Spencer Street Railway, which they 
sold to a Grand Rapids firm. 

Prior to that time, Mr. McCanless and D. R. 
Julian had organized the Salisbury Savings Bank, 
and erected for its use the building on the corner 
of North Main and West Council streets. After 
disposing of the Spencer Street Railway, these 
enterprising gentlemen organized the Peoples 
National Bank, of which Mr. McCanless is the 
president. As a contractor and builder, Mr. Mc- 
Canless has erected many private residences, and 
having purchased a large tract of land in the 
southern part of the city platted it, and built 
Thomas Street. In company with Lee Overman, 
D. R. Julian and C. L. Welch, he erected the Wash- 
ington Building in Salisbury, and with J. D. 
Norwood, C. L. Welch and J. S. McCabbins, erected 
the Empire Block. 

Mr. McCanless has always been interested in 
agriculture, aud in partnership with J. D. Nor- 
wood, owns a farm of 800 acres in Iredell County, 
two miles from Statesville, operating it through 
tenants. In 1916, he, with J. D. Norwood, M. 
L. Johnson, and D. D. Campbell, organized the 
Yadkin Finish Company, and erected a mill on 
the river, in the fall of 1917 having it completed, 
and fully equipped witii all the modern appliances 
used iu the manufacture of mercerized goods, it 
being the second largest plant of the kind in 
the country. 

Mr. McCanless is president of the Harris Gran- 
ite Company, which has quarries at Neverson, Bal- 
four, Stacey, and at Salisbury has a well-equipped 
finishing plant, it being the largest in the South 
to manufacture monuments and mausoleums. At 
the present writing, in 1917, he is financially in- 
terested iu a ship building plant that is filling 
large government contracts at Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia. 

Mr. McCanless married, April 26, 1872, Georgia 
Frances Mauney. She was born at Gold Hill, 
Rowan County, a daughter of Ejihraim and Rachel 
(McMackin) Mauney, and granddaughter of Val- 



136 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



entine and Jemima (Black) Mauney. Nine chil- 
dren have been born of the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. McCanless, namely: Carrie, Mary, Lena, Wil- 
liam A., Kate, John, Walter, Charles, and "Na- 
poleon B., Jr. Mr. and Mrs. McCanless are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
he is a member of its building committee. Fra- 
ternally Mr. McCanless belongs to Rowan Lodge 
No. 110, Knights of Pythias, and to the Royal 
Arcanum. Politically he is a democrat, but his 
private interests prevent him from taking part 
in public affairs. 

Lawrence Bagge Beickenstein has been a 
business man at Winston-Salem for a number of 
years, and while not a native of the state he is 
connected in the maternal line with one of the 
very oldest families in Western North Carolina. 

Mr. Briekenstein was born at Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania. His grandfather. Rev. John Henry 
Briekenstein, was a native of Basel, Switzerland, 
came to America when a young man and became 
a minister of influence and power in the Moravian 
Church. He held various pastorates, including the 
churches at Nazareth and Lititz, Pennsylvania, 
where he spent his last years. 

Mr. Briekenstein 's father was also a minister. 
He was Rev. Herman Briekenstein, born at Emaus 
in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. He was educated 
in the Moravian school at Bethlehem, where he 
graduated in theology, and after his ordination he 
went to Olney, Illinois, and was pastor of the 
Moravian Church there and subsequently at Brook- 
lyn, New York. Returning to Pennsylvania, he 
became principal of the Linden Hall Seminary at 
Lititz, Pennsylvania, and filled that responsible 
post for thirty-five years. He died in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1894. His wife was Susan Shultz. She 
was born at Friedburg, North Carolina, daughter 
of Rev. Augustus Henry Shultz. Her father was 
born in South America, where his father was sta- 
tioned as a missionary. Augustus Henry was 
ordained as a preacher in the Moravian CHiurch 
at the early age of eighteen years and became 
pastor of the Friedburg Church in Western North 
Carolina and was active in that community for 
many years. This early Moravian minister mar- 
ried Rebecca Matilda Bagge. Her father was 
Charles Frederick Bagge and her grandfather was 
Traugott Bagge, who was born in Gothenburg, 
Sweden, July 27, 1729. Traugott Bagge came to 
America prior to 1770, locating at Bethabara, 
North Carolina. The store he established there 
he moved to Salem in 1772, and was a successful 
merchant and the recognized business head of the 
old Salem Colony. At different times he appeared 
before the Legislature at Raleigh in the interest 
of this colony. Traugott Bagge married Rachael 
Nieholsen. Both were active members of the Home 
Moravian Church. Traugott Bagge died April 1, 
1800, and his wife in 1799. They reared four chil- 
dren. 

Mr. Briekenstein 's mother died in 1891. She 
reared five children, named Charles, John Henry, 
Mary, Lawrence B. and Lucy. Mr. Briekenstein 
was educated in the public schools of Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, but at the age of fifteen was ap- 
prenticed to learn the tinsmith's trade. His ap- 
prenticeship continued for three years, and he then 
removed to New York City and for two years was 
a student in the technical department of the New 
York Trade School. In AprU, 1900, coming to 
Winston-Salem, he put in one year as a journey- 



man worker and then engaged in business for him- 
self as a contractor for plumbing and tin work of 
all kinds. This business he has built up to large 
and prosperous proportions. 

Mr. Briekenstein was married in 1892 to Gwen- 
nie Leibert, a native of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. 
Her father, Harry Leibert, also a native of Penn- 
sylvania, was reared and educated there and as a 
young nmn helped to build the Bethlehem Steel 
Company. He laid the first brick in the first 
factory of that company, and was identified with 
much of its early prosperity. While working in 
the plant he helped make the first armor plate ever 
manufactured in the United States and also the 
first twelve-inch high power gun and the first armor 
piercing projectile. Thus he was identified in 
the early stages with America's greatest armor 
]ilate and munition factory. This venerable in- 
dustrial pioneer died in South Bethlehem on De- 
cember 28, 1917, aged eighty-four years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Briekenstein have one daughter, 
named Margaret. The family are members of the 
Home Moravian Church, and Mr. Briekenstein is 
active in the Twin City Club. 

Robert J. .Jordan, one of the substantial mer- 
chants of Winston-Salem, is a native of that town 
and belongs to early colonial ancestry. According 
to the information contained in the reports of the 
United States census in 1790, ninety-five Jordans 
were enumerated as heads of families living in 
several different counties of North Carolina. Mr. 
Jordan 's great-grandfather was .John Jordan, and 
he was born probably in Randolph County. Late 
in life he moved to that portion of Rowan County 
that is now included in Davie County, and lived 
on a farm with his son, James, until his death. 
Grandfather .Tames Jordan was born in Randolph 
County, went when a young man to Davie County 
and bought a tract of land about two miles east of 
the courthouse. He was engaged in general farm- 
ing and also became a tobacco manufacturer. 
'Wlien the war broke out he employed a substitute 
and rendered his own best service in civil life, 
looking after his farm and raising supplies for the 
government. However, during the latter part of 
the war he was in the ranks fighting as a soldier. 
Following the war he sold his farm and bought 
another place on Yadkin River in Davidson County. 
That was his home until his death in his eighty- 
fourth year. Grandfather James Jordan married 
Malona Ann White. She was born in what is now 
Davie County. Her father, James White, was 
jirobably a native of the same locality and a farmer 
there. He married for his first wife a Miss Booe, 
whose father, .Jacob Booe, owned 1,000 acres of the 
liest land in Davie County, located along Dutch- 
man and Elisha creeks. Jacob Booe operated his 
land with a large number of slaves and also con- 
ducted a distillery. He died before the war. Mrs. 
James Jordan died at the age of seventy-six years, 
having reared nine children. 

Robert Lindsay Jordan, father of Robert J., was 
born on a farm near Mocksville in Davie County, 
North Carolina, August 31, 1853. As a boy he 
assisted his father on the farm and also in the 
tobacco factory, and from the age of twenty-one 
until he was twenty-six conducted his father's land. 
He then removed to Elberville in Davie County, 
worked in a tobacco factory a few years, and re- 
Tuoving to Winston continued in a local factory 
from 1882 until 1899. For a time he was in the 
provision business and is now assisting his sons 
in their store in Winston-Salem. 




(/fC. 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



137 



At the age of twenty-eight Robert L. Jordan 
man-ied Stelle Novella Hege. She was born in 
Davidson County, daughter of George W. and 
Hattie R. Hege. Of the children of Robert L. 
Jordan and wife one, Luna Viola, died at the age 
of sixteen. Seven grew up : Robert Jackson, Hat- 
tie, Maude, Walter, Everett Lindsay, Alice and 
Malona. The jiarents are members of the Meth- 
odist Protestant Clmreh. 

Robert J. Jordan acquired a good education 
in the public schools and Agricultural and Me- 
chanical College. On leaving school he worked at 
different kinds of employment and in 1906-07 
was manager of the sul^seription department of 
tlie Winston-Salem Journal. As soon as his experi- 
ence justified it and as soon as he had sufficient 
capital he engaged in the mercantile business at 
the corner of Ninth and Hickory streets. Subse- 
quently the store was removed to Fourth and Maple 
streets and in 1909 came to its present location at 
the corner of Highland and Fourth streets. Here 
Mr. Jordan is associated with his brother, Walter 
E., under the firm name of R. J. Jordan & Com- 
pany. They have a fine trade, handle a well se- 
lected stock of general merchandise, and are rap- 
idly becoming prominent and successful business 
men of Winston-Salem. 

In 1916 Mr. Jordan married Clarice McKee. 
They are both members of the Methodist Protestant 
Church. They have one little daughter, Elsie 
McKee. 

Charles AVilli.\m Grice. The important and 
varied interests which have engrossed the time 
and attracted the abilities of Charles William 
Grice have brought him to the very forefront 
among the business men of Elizabeth City. His 
career has been one characterized by a continuous 
and steady climb, from the bench of a machinist 
to the directing head of numerous important en- 
terprises, and during this period of advancement 
he has relied solely on his own ability and energies. 

Mr. Grice is one of the native sons of Elizabeth 
City who have won success in the community of 
their birth. He was born March 21, 1854, his 
parents being Dr. Samuel Davis and Susan 
(Charles) Grice, the former of whom was for 
many years a prominent and leading physician 
and surgeon of Elizabeth City. After attending 
pri\ate schools Charles W. Grice turned his atten- 
tion to the machinist 's trade, at which he served 
a four years' apprenticeship, but subsequently took 
up railroading and for several years had an 
engineer's run on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 
In various ways he was brought into contact with 
large development and other enterprises, and soon 
realized that he possessed abilities that made him 
successful in the organization and promotion of 
stock eomjianies. Accordingly, he gave up his 
position with the railroad in order to devote his 
entire time to the new line of work, wliich carried 
him to San Francisco, California, and the Puget 
Sound country, and in which he was unusually 
successful. In 1886 Mr. Grice became interested 
in the hotel business, taking over the proprietorship 
of the Hotel Albemarle, which he conducted for 
about four years. Later he had a similar ex- 
perience at the summer resort, Nags Head, where he 
was the boniface of the well known hostelry, Nags 
Head Hotel, for four years, and in this time was 
also interested in various other ventures and enter- 
prises. In 1898 he entered the general insurance 
field, and later became connected with Messrs. 
Culpepper, Griffin and Old in the handling of in- 



surance and bonds, this company finally being in- 
corporated OS the Culpepper-Griffin-Old Grice 
Company, of which he was president until Janu- 
ary, 1917, when he disposed of his interests and 
retired from the company. 

At the present time Mr. Grice 's interests are 
large and important. Among other connections he 
is secretary and treasurer and general manager 
of the Norfolk & Carolina Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company, vice president of the Elizabeth 
City Electric Light Company, vice president of 
the Elizabeth City Water and Power Company, and 
a director in the Shorber & White Hardware Com- 
pany. He is a York Rite and Scottish Rite Mason 
and a Shriner, and is well and favoralily known 
in club and fraternal life. In the promotion of 
the civic interests of his native place he has always 
taken an active and leading part. 

On January 31, 1900, Mr. Grice was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary Alice Kramer, of Eliza- 
beth City. 

Hon". Pbitchard Sylvester Carlton. Note- 
worthy among the talented and eneregtio citizens 
of Salisbury who have gained distinction at the 
bar, and a position of influence in public circles, 
is Hon. Pritchard Sylvester Carlton, who is well 
adapted to his profession not only by his natural 
gifts, but by his legal learning and skill, while 
his deep convictions and strong beliefs on public 
questions of importance have made him a leader 
in political matters. He was born on a plantation 
lying three miles south of Warsaw, Dujilin County, 
North Carolina, a son of Sylvester M. Carlton, 
Esq., whose birth occurred on the same large plan- 
tation, but about one mile further south, June 
6, 1850. 

His paternal grandfather, John Lewis Carlton, 
was born January 30, 1819. He and his two 
brothers, A. Wright Carlton and Royall Carlton, 
were prominent planters of Duplin County, carry- 
ing on farming with slave labor. He died June 
23, 1884, on the plantation which he had improved. 
He married Bathsheba Mathis, who was born 
September 17, 1816, and died January 20, 1867. 
They reared three sons and four daughters : John 
Wright, who served in the Confederate Army dur- 
ing the Civil war, was killed in battle, May 30, 
1864; William CHiauncey also served in the Con- 
federate Army; Sylvester M., father of the subject 
of this sketch ; Susan M. married O. P. Middle- 
ton; Jemima married L. R. Carroll; Celistia mar- 
ried W. H. Middleton; and Emma married Dr. 
James Nicholson. 

Receiving excellent educational advantages when 
young, Sylvester M. Carlton, Esq., entered Wake 
Forest College, but before completing the course 
of study was stricken with a fever and forced to 
leave the institution. After recovering his health, 
he married, and having erected a house on his 
father's plantation embarked in agricultural pur- 
suits, first as a general farmer, and later as a 
truck farmer, or market gardener, after he became 
owner and proprietor of the ' ' Willowdale Farm. ' ' 
Finding the occupation both pleasant and profit- 
able, he resided on the farm until his death, Sep- 
tember 25, 1911. Although never an office seeker, 
he served several years as justice of the peace. 
He was a prominent member of the Baptist 
Church, to which his wife also belonged, being a 
deacon in the church, which was located in War- 
saw, and for upwards of twenty years served as 
superintendent of the Sunday school, holding the 



138 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



position until failing health compelled him to re- 
sign. 

The maiden name of his wife was Virginia 
Emeline Wells. She was born on a farm lying six 
miles west of Magnolia, in Duplin County, October 
4, 1849, and died March 22, 1908. She was a 
daughter of James W. and Sarah Wells, and sister 
of John E. Wells, a planter and former treasurer 
of Dupliu County; Ellis D. and Chauncey Graham 
Wells, both ministers of the Baptist Church and 
now located in South Carolina, and James D. Wells 
deceased. 

To Sylvester M. Carlton and his wife, Virginia 
Emeline, were born four sons, one of whom, 
Chauncey Graham Carlton, born J'anuary 14, 1888, 
died May 2.'{, 1891. The three living" are John 
William,' Pritchard Sylvester and James Delaney. 
John William Carlton was graduated from Wake 
Forest College, after which he entered the dental 
department of the University of Maryland, and 
since his graduation from that institution has been 
actively engaged in the practice of dentistry at 
Spjeucer, although he lives in Salisbury. He mar- 
ried Pearl Kern, a daughter of Thomas M. and 
Dorg M. Kern, and they have one son, Thomas 
Kern Carlton, James Delaney Carlton attended 
Wake Forest College, and later was graduated 
from the dental department of the University of 
Maryland. He immediately began the practice of 
his profession in Salisbury, where he is meeting 
with satisfactory success. He married Meta May 
Winstead, a daughter of William Robert and 
Martha King Winstead, of Nash County. 

Pritchard Sylvester Carlton prepared for col- 
lege at the Warsaw High School, and in 1899 
was graduated from Wake Forest College with 
the degree of A. M. During his senior year in 
college he was elected orator by the Philomathesian 
Literary Society, senior speaker by the faculty 
and was awarded the senior orator 's medal. Ac- 
cepting a position then in Elizabeth City, he 
taught Latin and Greek in the Atlantic Collegiate 
Institute for three years, after which he continued 
his studies in the law department of Wake Forest 
College. In February, 1903, Mr. Carlton was 
licensed to practice law, and in July of that year 
settled in Salisbury, where he has since built up 
a substantial and remunerative patronage. 

A democrat in politics. Mr. Carlton cast his first 
presidential vote for William J. Bryan. In 1912 
he was elected to represent Eowan County in the 
State Legislature, and in 1914 he was elected judge 
of Rowan County Court. Religiously he is an 
active member of the Baptist Church, of which he 
was for many years a trustee, and the treasurer, 
while for the past ten years he has served as super- 
intendent of the Sunday school. 

Fraternally Mr. Carlton is a member of Rowan 
Lodge, No. "lOO, Knights of Pvthias; of Cordon 
Lodge, No. 168, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows; and of Winona CoimcU, No. 18, Junior Or- 
der of United American Mechanics. Socially he 
belongs to the Old Hickory Club, and a number 
of other social, civic, business and religious or- 
ganizations. 

Mr. Carlton married, August 28, 1917, Beulah 
Mary Kern, the youngest daughter of Thomas M. 
and Dora M. Kern. She was born on the farm of 
her father about six miles northeast of Salisbury, 
but moved with her parents to Salisbury in 1904. 
Mrs. Carlton is an active member of the Lutheran 
Church and a member of the leading social and 
book clubs of the city. 



WiLLi.\ii Stephen" Lixville has for many years 
been actively identified with business affairs at 
Kernersville as a general merchant. With the aid 
of his two enterprising sons he has built up a 
large establishment, a completely stocked depart- 
ment store, and along with good business judg- 
ment he has displayed much public spirit in the 
advancement of that community. 

Mr. Linville is of an old family in this section 
of North Carolina. He was himself born on a 
farm in Belews Creek Township in Forsyth Coun- 
ty. His Linville ancestors are said to have come 
to America with the William Penn Colony. His 
great-grandfather, from the best of information 
at hand, was a native of Pennsylvania and from 
there came to North Carolina and was a pioneer 
settler in Belews Creek Township. When he 
reached there he was on the outermost fringe of 
civilization, and the wilderness was filled with 
game, wild Indians and other obstacles to cultiva- 
tion and settled life. He hewed a farm from out 
the woods and lived there quietly and prosperously 
until his death. 

Fuell Linville, grandfather of the Kernersville 
merchant, was born in Belews Creek Township and 
also took up the vocation of agriculture. He 
bought land in his native township and spent his 
entire life in that community. He married Eliza- 
beth Hallhroak, who was also probably a life-long 
resident of that township. She and her husband 
were active members of the Missionary Baptist 
Church. 

Moses Linville, father of William S., was born 
in Belews Creek Township in 1831. After he was 
grown he bought some land in the township, but 
after a few years sold it and secured a tract of 
land in the northern part of Kernersville Town- 
ship. He possessed the industry and thrift re- 
quired for a successful career as a farmer, and he 
lived in his community honored and respected until 
the age of eighty-four years. During the war be- 
tween the states he served as an oflScer of the 
Home Guards. Moses Linville married Elizabeth 
Hester. She was born in Belews Creek Township, 
daughter of Stephen and Mary (Linville) Hester. 
Her grandfather, John Hester, at one time had a 
home in Granville Township, where his father had 
spent his entire life. Mary Linville 's father was 
Henry Linville, a soldier in the War of 1812 under 
General Jackson, and he died while in the service 
at New Orleans. Mrs. Moses Linville lived to be 
seventy-eight. She was the mother of only two 
sons, William Stephen and Newton. Newton is 
now a resident in Walkertown. 

William S. Linville grew up in this section of 
North Carolina, which had been completely trans- 
formed since his great-grandfather settled there. 
His early environment was the farm, his first 
training came from the district schools, and after- 
ward he attended Kernersville Academy. At the 
age of eighteen he was a teacher, and for twenty 
years he followed teaching part of each annual 
season, while the rest of the year was spent as a 
farmer. Between these vocations he alternated 
with usefulness to himself and others until 1891, 
when he removed to Kernersville and invested Ms 
modest capital in a stock of general merchandise. 
That business has grown and flourished, and he 
now has his sons, Addison N. and James A., as 
his associates. They have a large store, and their 
stock includes all staple provisions, drugs, men's 
furnishings, dry goods and a large line of farm 
implements. 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



139 



Mr. Liuville was married iu 1871 to Mary Vance, 
a native of Kernersville. Her parents were Martin 
and Hepsey (Smith) Vance. Mr. and Mrs. I;in- 
ville have reared eight children, named Addison 
N., William C, James A., Elizabeth, Ed M., Mary, 
Walter and Frannie. William C. studied medicine 
in the University of North Carolina and in the 
University of Maryland at Baltimore, where he 
was graduated, and is now a successful practition- 
er. Elizabeth is the wife 6f Gideon H. Hastings. 
Mary married Clyde A. Holt. Frannie is the wife 
of William H. Morton. Mr. and Mrs. Linville 
are active members of the Methodist Protestant 
Church. He is affiliated with Kernersville Council 
of the Junior Order of United American Me- 
chanics. 

Joseph J. Korner is a carpenter and contractor 
and resident of Kernersville in Forsyth County. 
His family have many interesting associations 
with that locality. 

It is said that King Charles the First divided 
tlie province of North Carolina into eight districts, 
granting each of them to a personal friend. One 
of these grantees was Lord Granville. His dis- 
trict included many thousands of acres, part of 
which was the present site of Kernersville, North 
Carolina. The tradition is that a man named 
Caleb Story, an Irishman, bought 400 acres, in- 
cluding the town site, and paid four gallons of 
rum for the land. He held it only a short time, 
then sold to Nathaniel Shober, of Salem, North 
Carolina, and the latter passed it on to William 
Dobson, and for a time the place was known as 
Dobson 's Corners. Dobson sold to .Joseph Korner, 
grandfather of Joseph J. Korner. During his own- 
ership the locality became known as Korner 's 
Corners or Cross Koads. 

This Joseph Korner was born in the Black Forest 
of Germany March 13, 176,^, a son of Peter and 
a grandson of Jacobus Korner. Joseph Korner 
leai-ned the trade of clock maker and in 178;!, came 
to America, working at his trade a short time in 
New York and Philadelphia and then coming South 
into North Carolina selling clocks. He located at 
Friedland (a Moravian church), which was his 
home until 1817, when he bought the 400 acres 
aliove noted, including the site of Kernersville. 
His house was on the main road from Salem to 
Greensborough. That house he used as a tavern 
for a numl)er of years. He was a very successful 
man in a business way and acquired other lands 
until his ownership extended to 1,100 acres. He 
died in 1830. This pioneer married Christina Cost- 
ner, who was born at Friedland. They reared 
three children: John F., Phillip and Sarah. John 
inherited that part of his father "s estate l.ving 
west of the Salem Road. Phillip acquired that 
portion lying between the Greensborough ami Dan- 
ville Road, while Sarah, wlio married ApoUos 
Harman of Connecticut liad all the land between 
the Greensborough and Salem Road. 

Phillip Korner, father of Joseph J., was born 
at Friedland in 1805. He sold his inheritance to 
William Penn Henley, of Lexington, North Caro- 
lina, who in turn sold to Levi Bodenhamer, the 
latter sold to Dr. J. B. Sapp. who left the place to 
his son, Carey Sapp, and the latter in turn sold 
to David Bodenhamer, the present owner. 

Phillip Korner sold his part of the ancestral 
domain in 1848 and then bought a farm two miles 
to the west. There he engaged in farming until 
his death in 187.5. His wife was Judith Gardner, 
a native of Kernersville. Her father, William 
Gardner, was a native of Nantucket, Massachu- 



setts, but came to North Carolina when a young 
man and located in what is now Forsyth County, 
where the rest of his days were spent. William 
Gardner married Abigail Weisner, a native of For- 
syth County. Judith Gardner Korner died in 1853, 
and Phillip Korner subsequently married Sally 
Gibbons, who is still living at the age of ninety- 
one. By his first wife he had the following chil- 
dren: Fiorina Eliza, Antoinette Marie, William 
Gaston, Sally Harmon, Joseph John, Medora Cor- 
nelia and J. Gilmer. By the second marriage there 
were two children, Henry C. aud Consin. 

Joseph J. Korner was a native of Kernersville, 
grew up and attended the high school there and 
subsequently took a course in the Normal School 
at Lebanon, Ohio. When a young man he learned 
the trade of carpenter aud now for many years 
has been a successful building contractor. He 
has not only built but has sold many residences 
in his section of the state. 

Mr. Korner married Virginia Elizabeth Doggett, 
a native of Guilford County, North Carolina. Her 
parents were James Doggett, of English ancestry, 
and Mary Ann (Lambeth) Doggett. Her mother 
was the daughter of Rev. John and Mildred 
(Flack) Lambeth, of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. 
Korner have three children : Cullen Leggett, Rus- 
sell DeLessep and Estelle Gertrude. Cullen is a 
traveling salesman, and married Pearl Link, their 
only child dying at the age of four years. The 
son, Russell, was a traveling salesman but is now 
in the navy at Newport, Rhode Island. Estelle 
Gertrude is a graduate of Guilford College and 
is now principal of the school at Guthrie. Mr. 
Korner was reared in and has always held to the 
faith of the Moravian Church. He is a well known 
citizen as well as business man, and formerly 
ser%'ed as county treasurer of Forsyth County. 

Dexnis Luther Fox, M. D. Hundreds of fam- 
ilies in Randolph County have come to appreciate 
the ability and splendid services of two genera- 
tions of the Fox family as physician. Dr. Dennis 
Luther Fox is iu practice at Randlenian, and his 
present standing in the profession is the result of 
nearly twenty-five years of active experience. His 
father before him was an old time country doctor 
and a man really eminent in his profession and as 
a splendid type of citizen. 

The late Dr. Michael L. Fox was a son of Chris- 
tian Fox, who owmed and occupied a farm on 
Sandy Creek in Liberty Township of Randolph 
County. On this farm Michael grew up, enjoyed a 
good education, and as a youth taught school for 
a time. He began the study of medicine under 
Doctor Black and later entered Jefferson Medical 
College at Philadelphia and earned his degree from 
tliat great institution. Returning home, he took 
up practice, and soon had a patronage that taxed 
his great energy and jierseverance. He practiced 
in the days before automobiles and improved high- 
ways, and traveled for miles in all kinds of weather 
and both night and day. His usual method of 
reaching his patients was by horseback, though he 
also \ised a two-w-heeled gig. He lived in that one 
locality and served it faithfully and well with the 
exception of 1% years at Conover in Catawba 
County, where he lived for the purjiose of giving 
his children the benefit of the schools. His death 
occurred in his old home township in 188.5, at the 
age of sixty-three. He married Sarah Lutterlow, 
who also died at the age of sixty-tliree. They had 
seven children, named : William Alexander, Lewis 
M., Sally A., Cora M., Thomas I., Dennis Luther 
and .Junius Claudius. 



140 



HISTOKY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Dennis Luther Fox was born on his lather's 
fai-m in Liberty Township of Randolph County, 
and in his generation had many of the experiences 
which were common to his fathei-. He attended 
Liberty Academy and Conover College and at the 
age of twenty began teaching. As a teacher he 
had one term at Black Schoolhouse in Liberty 
Township, one term in the Coble School in Guilford 
County, and one term at Xew Salem. His early 
medical studies were directed by his brotlier, Dr. 
William Alexander Fox, and "he supplemented 
these by attending Vanderbilt University Medical 
College" at Nashville, Tennessee. He graduated in 
1894, and since then has been a busy man in his 
profession. For three years he practiced at Ram- 
seur, at Worthboro two years, and since then at 
Randleton. Doctor Fox is a member of the Ran- 
dolph County and North Carolina Medical societies, 
and the American Medical Association. 

Thomas Pincknet Johnston. Of the many 
enterprising and prosperous agriculturists and 
esteemed citizens of Rowan County, Thomas P. 
Johnston, of Salisbury, is a worthy representative, 
his life record being creditable to himself, and 
also to his good mother, who reared him in the 
paths of industry and integrity, instilling into his 
youthful mind those lessons of truthfulness, hon- 
esty and justice that have been his guiding prin- 
ciples through life. A son of J. Sloan Johnston, 
he was born in Salisbury, September 8, 1845. His 
father, and his grandfather, Lemuel D. Johnston, 
were both born on Beaver Dam Creek, in Scotch 
Irish Township, Rowan County, on the farm where 
his great-grandfather, 'William Jolmston, settled 
in pioneer days. A soldier in the Revolutionary 
war, William Johnston took an active part in the 
engagements at Guilford Courthouse and at Ala- 
mance. His last years were spent in Rowan County, 
on his home plantation, on Beaver Dam Creek. He 
married a Miss Dickey, who, like himself, was of 
Scotch ancestry. 

Lemuel D. Johnston succeeded to the ownership 
of the- home farm, and was there engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits during his entire life, carrying 
on his work with slaves until his death, in 1852. 
He also had a country tauyard. The maiden 
name of his wife was Nancy Hall. 

Born about 1816, J. Sloan Johnston grew to 
manhood in his native township, and having been 
crippled in his right side and arm in early 
life, being scholarly inclined he received a good 
education. Locating in Salisbury as a young man, 
he purchased property on the west corner of Lee 
and Fisher streets, and there engaged in the 
manufacture of carriages and wagons. He also 
purchased, and occupied as a home, the house that 
once stood on the corner of Inniss and Church 
streets, the site now occupied by the Marble XJ. S. 
Postoflfice Building. Going security for friends, 
he lost his entire property prior to his death, 
which occurred in 1868. He filled various public 
offices, having served as coroner, magistrate, and 
registrar of deeds. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Sarah Reeves, was born in Salisbury, March 
22, 1822, being a daughter of Samuel and Mary 
Ann (Hughes) Reeves, and grand-daughter of Col. 
Andrew Balfour, of Revolutionary fame. 

As previously mentioned, J. Sloan Johnston lost 
his property, and it devolved upon his widow to 
support her family. Having an excellent educa- 
tion, she taught school successfully for a number 
of years. Kind-hearted and sympathetic, she was 



widely known for her charity and benevolence, and 
during the Civil war no soldier, be he Rebel or 
Yankee, ever came to her for assistance that he 
did not get it. Her home, which was but a block 
from the garrison, became the refuge for soldiers 
of both armies. Hugh Berry, a Yankee soldier 
from Oshkosh, Wisconsin, being sick, was taken 
to her home, and there nursed by her until his 
death, when his body was tenderly laid to rest in 
her garden. It was while assisting this sick sol- 
dier that she received from a Confederate a slight 
liayonet wound. For caring for Hugh Berry and 
other Yankee soldiers, she, by a special act of 
Congress, was granted by the Federal Government 
a colonel's life pension. 

After the war had closed, Mrs. Sarah (Reeves) 
Johnston moved with her family to Cincinnati, in 
order that her children might have better educa- 
tional advantages, and all of the younger mem- 
bers of her family became teachers. She remained 
in that city about twenty-five years, but after the 
death of her youngest child returned to Salisbury, 
and here spent her remaining days, with her 
youngest daughter, Mrs. S. D. J. Parker, dying 
May 13, 1906, having lived a widow for thirty- 
eight years. She was a woman of much force of 
character, strong mentally and physically, and re- 
tained her health and faculties to the last, passing 
to the life beyond at the venerable age of four 
score and four years. 

She reared two sons, Thomas Pinekney and Wil- 
liam, and three daughters, Mary Ann, Harriet M. 
and Sally Dayton. Harriet 'married William 
Tubbs; Mary A. married Robert Hendry; Sally D. 
became the wife of Alexander Parker. William, 
who entered the United States Mail Service, lost 
his life in a railway accident at Mingo Junction 
when but twenty-two years old. 

Thomas Pinekney Johnston was educated under 
the tutorship of Prof. Samuel Wiley. At the out- 
break of the Civil war, lie entered the Confederate 
service as ordnance messenger, and continued in 
that capacity for nearly three years. Joining the 
naw in January, 1864, he went to Halifax, this 
state, where the Albemarle was built. He assisted 
in its building, and was on board that boat con- 
tinuously in all its active service including the 
sinking of the Federal boats ' ' Bombsliell ' ' and 
' ' Southfield, ' ' and was aboard the ' ' Albemarle ' ' 
when it was torijedoed and sunk, making his 
escape with the remainder of the crew. With 
others, Mr. Johnston was then ordered to Wil- 
mington to ship on the privateer "Owl." An 
accident on the W. and W. Railroad at Tarboro 
delayed them two days, and the ' ' Owl ' ' sailed 
without them. Mr. Johnston and the crew were 
then ordered to Fort Fisher, and assisted in its 
defense on December 25 and January 16, when 
it was captured, he escaping to Wilmington, and 
retreating from there to Richmond. There, on 
April 3, 1865, he was in the Presbyterian Church 
when he saw a messenger deliver to the minister 
a telegram announcing the surrender of Peters- 
burg, Virginia, and saw President Jefferson 
Davis walk out of the church with the whole con- 
gregation. With some of his comrades, Mr. John- 
ston left Richmond at four o 'clock the next morn- 
ing, on the last train that left the city carrying 
Confederate soldiers, who then fired the bridge. 

At that time provisions were very scarce in that 
city, and Mr. Jplinston applied at a house for 
food, being unable to buy any. The woman re- 
plied that she had nothing but one loaf of bread, 








n 







IJBLIC 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



141 



which she offered to divide with him, hopiug that 
some one would treat her boy iu the same way. 
Landing with his companions iu Danville, Vir- 
ginia, Mr. Johnston started with his friends to 
walk to Greensboro; on the way they met a supply 
train going north to escape capture. The train 
crew had not heard of the surrender of Kichmond. 
The boys got something to eat there, and then 
forced the engineer to take them to the Yadkin 
River, from which point they walked to Salisbury, 
seven miles away, Mr. Johnston taking with him 
a pair of Government blankets which he had se- 
cured in Greensboro. 

After trying farming iu the vicinity of Salis- 
bury tor a time, Mr. Johnston went to Cincinnati, 
where he spent two years, working first as street 
car conductor, and later as correspondent in the 
Andes Amazon & Triumph Insurance Company. 
Returning then to Rowan County, he bought land 
in Salisbury Township, and on the farm which he 
improved carried on farming extensively and suc- 
cessfully for upwards of forty years. As a civil 
engineer, he formerly did much surveying in and 
around Rowan County, and served for some time 
as county surveyor. Industrious and thrifty, he 
acquired considerable wealth, and in addition to 
his farm owns much valuable city property. 

Mr. Johnston has been twice married. He mar- 
ried, on September 4, 1866, Julia A. Brown, who 
was born in Salisbury Township, youngest daugh- 
ter of Moses L. and Letitia (Hartman) Brown, her 
father having been a large laijdholder, and a 
prosperous agriculturist. She died in 1890. Mr. 
Johnston married second, in 1892, Mrs. Jennie 
(Keistler) Wincoff, a native of Concord, North 
Carolina. Her father, Jeremiah Keistler, was 
liorn in Salisbury, this state ; her grandfather, 
Ralpel Keistler, came from Pennsylvania to North 
Carolina to sell clocks. Meeting pretty Nancy 
Reeves, he fell in love with her, married her 
when she was but fourteen years old, and subse- 
quently lived in Salisbury until his death. Jer- 
emiah Keistler learned the tailor 's trade, and fol- 
lowed it in Concord until the outbreak of the 
Civil war. Enlisting then in Company E, Thirty- 
third Regiment, North Carolina Troops, he served 
until the surrender at Appomattox. He returned 
home broken in health, and though he lived until 
February 12, 1872, he never recovered his former 
physical vigor. The maiden name of the wife of 
Jeremiah Keistler was Nancy Haithcox. She 
was born in Cabarrus County, a daughter of Lee 
and Sarah (Wilhelm) Haithcox, and died No- 
vember 8, 1893. She was the mother of five chil- 
dren, as follows: Jennie, now Mrs. Johnston; 
Fannie; Moselle; Robert Lee; and Laura. Mrs. 
Johnston 's first husband, J. N. Wincoff, died 
November 8, 1893, in Concord. 

Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, three 
sons have been born, namely: Thomas Pinckney, 
Jr.; Ralph Balfour, who was accidentally killed 
at the age of sixteen years; and Robert K. By 
his first marriage, Mr. Johnston had seven chil- 
dren, of whom four grew to maturity, namely: 
Anna, Thomas Edgar, Samuel Reeves, and Wil- 
liam M. Anna married D. J. Miller, and has four 
children, Robert Lee, a graduate of the Jefferson 
Medical College, in Philadelphia; Jesse N. and 
Council J., now members of the United States 
Regular Army and Navy; and Julia B., wife of 
Harry Edwards, of Jasper, Florida. Thomas 
Edgar married Mabel Kizer, who was a most suc- 
cessful teacher, and is now a member of the 



State Board of School Examiners. Samuel Reeves 
first married Ada Cathcart, who died, leaving one 
son, Edgar Reeves Johnston. He then married 
for his second wife, Mrs. Edith Bowman, by whom 
he has one daughter, Ada M. William M., who 
died at the age of thirty years, married Jessie 
Sims, who, with their two daughters, Dorothy 
Sims and Julia E., survive him. Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnston are valued members of the Presbyterian 
Church, and Mr. Johnston is a life-long advocate 
and practitioner of prohibition and votes and 
prays as he lives. 

John C. Spacii. For a long period of years 
the name Spach has been identified iu Forsyth 
County with manufacturing and industrial inter- 
ests. Farmers of half a century or more ago used 
wagons and other vehicles manufactured in the 
Spach factory at Waughtown, and today the Spach 
vehicles are noted for the same qualities of durabil- 
ity and service as the old hand made wagons were. 
The proprietor of the wagon industry at Waugh- 
town is John C. Spach, a son of its original 
founder. 

Mr. Spach was born May 15, 1854. His father, 
William Elias Spach, was born in what is now 
Forsyth County, and the grandfather was Chris- 
tian Spach, a native of the same locality. 

The name Spach has historic associations with 
the early history of this part of Western North 
Carolina. There is some confusion in the family 
records, and the genealogy through the earlier 
generations cannot be exactly traced. However, 
from the best information at hand Christian 
Spach is supposed to have been a son of Gottlieb 
Spach, while Gottlieb was a son of the pioneer of 
the family, Adam Spach. A record in the Fried- 
berg Church register states that Adam Spach was 
born in Alsace January 20, 1720, was married in 
1752 to Elizabeth Hueter, and came to North 
Carolina in 1753. He died August 23, 1801. From 
another source it is stated that Adam Spach lived 
a time in Pennsylvania before coming to North 
Carolina. In this state he located about two miles 
from the present site of Friedberg, and was the 
first premanent settler in that vicinity. There he 
built a substantial rock house. The basement was 
pierced for port holes, showing that the house was 
meant to serve the purpose of a fort in case the 
Indians, then numerous in North Carolina, should 
prove hostile. This old house is still standing 
as a relic of early days and is shown elsewhere 
in this work. Adam Spach and wife joined the 
Friedberg Moravian Church. 

Grandfather Christian Spach was a farmer, and 
spent his last years on the farm near Salem. Wil- 
liam Elias Spach, though reared on a farm, early 
left home to learn the trade of carriage builder. 
He did his first work in the shop of John Vaugh- 
ters and later was connected with the wagon 
factory of J. P. Nissen. During the last year of 
the war he was in the Confederate army. Follow- 
ing the war he engaged in business for himself. 
He had a shop 16 by 24 feet, had a limited capi- 
tal and equipment, and did all the work connected 
with the making of a wagon himself. His work- 
manship was unsurpassed, and there was no dearth 
of buyers for the vehicles that came out of his 
shop. He continued this business many years, 
but finally retired to his farm, where he died in 
1892. He was four times married. His first wife, 
the mother of John C. Spach, was Mary Ann 



142 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Vaughters. She was boru in Waughtowu, a daugh- 
ter of John M. and Polly (CanipDell) \ aughters. 
John Vaughtcis was born in Nortli Carolina and 
was one of the first wagon manufacturers in the 
state. Mrs. William E. Spach died in 18.5S. 

John C Spach was contented with a limited 
education in schools and displayed his enthusiasm 
as a boy chiefly by work in nis father 's shop. 
Aided by unusual natural talent, he advanced 
rapidly in proficiency and at the age of four- 
teen was entrusted with the buying of materials 
and also had charge of the sale ot the output of 
.,he wagon factory. In 1S86 he bought the plant. 
At that time it was employing twelve men, and 
the factory had a limited output, in 1S94 Mr. 
Spach took in as a partner his brother, Samuel h. 
The business has shown a steady and most satis- 
factory growth tor many years. The brothers 
bought live acreji of ground at Waughtown and 
subsequently purchased other land until they had 
eleven acres as a factory site. On this land 
they constructed commodious brick and frame 
buildings, equipped them with modern machinery, 
and on the same land they put up a flour mill. 
These enterprises were run jointly by the broth- 
ers until January, 1914, when the partnership was 
dissolved, Samuel L. taking the flour mill, which he 
still operates, while John C continues the wagon 
business being assisted by his sou and son-in-law. 

Mr. Spach was married December 27, 188U, to 
Miss Lucy Masten. She was born about two 
miles from Salem, daughter of Mathias Masten, 
who for fourteen years held the office of sheriff 
of Forsyth County. Mathias Masten married 
Catherine Masten. Mr. and Mrs. Spach have 
reared two children : Mary Catherine and William 
Mathias. The daughter is the wife of Charles L. 
Creech. Mr. and Mrs. Creech have three chil- 
dren, Charles, Jr., Mary Catherine and John Spach. 
Mr. John C. Spach is a member ot the Missionary 
Baptist Church, and is affiliated with Winston 
Lodge No. 167, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons. 

Hexrt W'alter Horton. A live, wide-awake 
business man, thoroughly public-spirited and pro- 
gressive, Henry Walter Horton, of North Wilies- 
boro, WOkes County, has been conspicuously con- 
cerned in many important commercial enterprises, 
his remarkable capacity for the handling of multi- 
tudinous details having made him a leader in the 
establishment of the numerous beneficial projects 
with which he has been actively and officially 
identified. A native of North Carolina, he was 
born on a plantation near Boone, Watauga County, 
being a son of Hon. William Horton, and a descend- 
ant in the ninth generation from one Barnabas 
Horton, his ancestral record, for which we are 
indebted to the "History of the Horton Family," 
published by George F. Horton, of Tarrytown, 
being thus traced: Barnabas, Caleb, Barnabas, 
Caleb, Capt. Nathan, Col. Nathan, Phineas, WiU- 
iam, and Henry "Walter. 

Barnabas Horton was born in Moulsey, Leicester- 
shire, England, July 13, 1600. Sometime between 
1635 and 1638 he came to America in the good ship 
Swallow, locating first in Hampton, Massachusetts. 
In the spring of 16-10 he migrated to New Haven, 
Connecticut, and in the fall of that year settled in 
Southold, Long Island, New York, where, in 1660, 
he erected a house which is still standing, and is 
now occupied by one of his descendants. 

Caleb Horton was born in Southold, Long Is- 



land, in 1640, and when ready to begin life for 
himself located at Cutchogue, Long Island, and 
was there a resident until his death, October 3, 
1702. The maiden name of his second wife, the 
mother of his children, was Abigail Hallock. She 
was a daughter of Peter Hallock, the pilgrim an- 
cestor of the Hallock family of America. She 
died in 1697. 

Barnabas Horton was born at Cutchogue, Long 
Island, in September, 1666. He was twice married. 
His second wife, the mother of his children, was 
before marriage Sarah Hines. Their son, Caleb 
Horton, was born at Southold, Long Island, Decem- 
ber 22, 1687. He married Sarah Terry, who was 
a native of Southhold, being a daughter of Na- 
thaniel Terry, and granddaughter of Eichard Terry, 
men of prominence in the early annals of Long 
Island. In 1748 they moved to New Jersey, set- 
tling in Chester, where his death occurred August 
6, 1772. His wife survived him, passing away De- 
cember 24, 1776, and on her tombstone may be 
seen the following epitaph: 

"Martha's care she had at heart 
And also chosen Mary 's better part. ' ' 

Capt. Nathan Horton was born at Southold, 
Long Island, in 1725. He served as a soldier 
in the Eevolutionary war, and was commander of 
the guard that executed Major Andre. The gun 
that he carried while in the army is in the Hall 
of History, in Raleigh, having been loaned by J. B. 
Horton, one of his descendants. In 1749, soon 
after his marriage with Mehitabel Case, of 
Southold, he moved to Chester, New Jersey, and 
there spent his remaining days. 

Col. Nathan Horton was born in Chester, New 
Jersey, February 25, 1757. He joined the State 
MiUtia when but eighteen years old, and being 
elected lieutenant of his company was subsequently 
promoted through the different grades until com- 
missioned colonel of his regiment. Colonel Horton 
married July 10, 1783, in New York City, Eliza- 
beth Eagles,' daughter of Johu and- Hannah Eagles, 
and about two years later came to North Carolina, 
settling on New River, in what is now Watauga 
County, as pioneers, and on the farm they cleared 
and improved reared their sons and daughters. 

Phineas Horton was born on New River, 
Watauga County, January 9, 179o. He became one 
of the extensive landholders of the county, operat- 
ing his estate with the assistance of slaves. Pa- 
triotic and public-spirited, he volunteered his serv- 
ices as a soldier in the War of 1812. He became 
prominent in public life, serving for many a term 
as magistrate, and also being county treasurer 
several years. He married, about 1827, Rebecca 
Council, a daughter of Jordan and Sarah (Howard) 
Council. 

William Horton was born on a plantation bor- 
dering on New River, Watauga County, March 9, 
1828. and was there brought up and educated. 
Following in the ancestral footsteps, he was eri- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits during his life, 
dying on his plantation in 1875. Active in public 
affairs, he was elected county surveyor m 1849, 
and served efficiently in that capacity until 1862. 
In that vear he was elected to represent his district 
in the State Legislature, and there proved himself 
so loval to the interests of his constituents that he 
was honored with a re-election to the same office 
in 1864, and again in 1866. 

Hon. WUliam Horton married, m 1860, Nancy 
Rebecca Blair, who was born in Caldwell County, 
North Carolina, August 26, 1835, a daughter of 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



143 



Henry and Mary (Steele) Blair. Eight children 
were born of their union, namely: James Critten- 
den, Julia Eebecea, Mary Emma, Henry Walter, 
Jonathan Blair, William Phineas, Annie Elizabeth, 
and Sally Hill. The father died in 1875, and 
the mother is still living (March 23, 1918). 

Henry Walter Horton was born on the home 
farm July 4, 1873. He was educated in the rural 
schools and at New Eiver College, and as a boy 
acquired some knowledge of agriculture. At the 
age of eighteen years he entered upon a business 
career, becoming a clerk in the commissary depart- 
ment of the North Carolina Midland Railroad 
Company, which was then building a railway ex- 
tending from Goldsboro to Cliarlotte. Returning 
home at the end of a year, he worked ou the farm 
for awhile, and then accepted a position as travel- 
ing salesman in Georgia. Coming to North Wilkes- 
boro in 1898, Mr. Horton was assistant station 
agent for about two years, and during the ensuing 
eight years was a clerk in the Bank of North 
Wilkesboro. 

In the meantime, Mr. Horton, with characteristic 
foresight and energy, had organized the Citizens 
Loan and Trust Company, of which he has since 
been secretary and treasurer. In 1900 he purchased 
the Wilkesboro telephone properties, which he now 
owns, and is operating under the name of the 
Horton Telephone Company. Mr. Horton was also 
the organizer, and is the secretary and treasurer 
of the Gwyn-Horton Fire and Life Insurance Com- 
pany. In 1911 he organized the Kensington 
Heights Land Company, of which he was made 
secretary and treasurer. Purchasing in the center 
of the town ten acres of land, in which is included 
the site of the ' ' Red House, ' ' the first dwelling 
erected in the place, the company platted the tract, 
and put it on the market. If the full history of 
this old house was written it would fill a large 
volume, but below are recorded a few items that 
may be q^ interest to the future generations: 

About 1760, in colonial days, Charles Gordon 
came to this part of North Carolina, which was 
then a wilderness, through which Indians and wild 
beasts of all kinds roamed at will, and on the 
site of the present building erected what was 
called "The Red House." The house was built 
of logs sawed flat on two sides by a cross-cut saw, 
one man standing on the log and the other be- 
neath, and the dooi-s were made with port-holes, 
in order that the occupants could look out and 
ascertain whether it was friend or foe demanding 
admittance before opening the door. The slope 
of the hill in each direction was kept clear so 
that in case of an attack the savages might be 
shot before reaching the house, the range of the 
firearms of that day being about 100 yards. When- 
ever the Indians living in the jungles in the bot- 
toms became enraged, and started on the war path, 
the settlers would gather from far and near, and 
go to • ' The Red House ' ' for protection, the women 
and children remaining inside, while the men went 
out to fight. Wilkes County was not then formed, 
the only inhabitants being a small band of 
Moravians, who, a few years before, had taken 
up land on the south side of the river, in the 
vicinity of Wilkesboro and Moravian Falls. 

The present house, the first frame house erected 
in this section, was built by Chapman Gordon, son 
of Charles Gordon, and grandfather of Gen. John 
B. Gordon, of Georgia, one of the noted generals 
of the Confederate army. There may be some of 
the original house in the one now standing. The 
nails were made by a blacksmith, machine made 



nails being then unknown and unthought of. In 
the early days the "Red House" was the scene 
of many social events, and a center of interest. Its 
first occupants tought in many engagements with 
the enemy, including the Battle of Kings Moun- 
tain. They also served in the United States Sen- 
ate, and Chapman Gordon had the distinction of 
being the first clerk of the court of Wilkes 
County. 

Several years before the war between the states, 
Mr. A. W. Finley married Miss Martha Gordon, 
bought the place, then called ' ' Fairmount, ' ' and 
occupied it until his death. Before the Town of 
North Wilkesboro was started, the place was 
bought by the Winston Land and Improvement 
Company, and its name was changed to ' ' Kensing- 
ton Heights." 

While on his march northward at the close of 
the war. General Stoneman camped his army in 
Wilkesboro, and made this pilace his headquarters. 
Soon after the war. Gen. Robert F. Hoke, being 
sent here to put down the "Bushwhackers," also 
made it his headquarters. It is said that General 
Lee had recommended General Hoke as eommand- 
er-in-chief of the Southern army, if he. General 
Lee, should be killed or incapacitated for the posi- 
tion. 

Mr. Horton now owns the site of the ' ' Red 
House, ' ' and also owns and occupies the house 
that was built on that spot by Chapman Gordon, 
it having been removed from its original site. 

Ill addition to the many organizations of which 
Mr. Horton is serving as secretary and treasurer, 
he is vice president and director of the North 
Wilkesboro Deposit and Savings Bank. He is in- 
terested in the automobile business, and has always 
been an earnest advocate of good roads. A zealous 
worker in the latter cause, he is now secretary of 
the Wilkes County Good Roads Association, which 
lias charge of the extensive work in that line now 
going on, and upon which upwards of $300,000 will 
be expended. 

Mr. Horton married, December 18, 1912, Charity 
Susan Usher, who was born near Charlotte, North 
Carolina, a daughter of John W. and Sarah Usher. 
Three children have brightened the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Horton, namely: Sarah Lillian, Rebecca 
Sue, and Hem-y Walter, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Horton 
are active and faithtul members of the Baptist 
Church, and are bringing up their children in the 
same religious faith. Mr. Horton is a deacon in 
the church, and for fifteen years has taught a class 
in its Sunday school. When the present church 
edifice was erected, he served as treasurer of the 
building committee. 

LoG.\N Edward Old. In business circles of 
Elizabeth City, and more particularly in the field 
of fire insurance and bonds, a name that has be- 
come prominent within recent years is that of 
Logan Edward Old. This energetic and progres- 
sive business man, who is secretary and treasurer 
of the Culpepper-Griffin-Old-Grice Company, has 
passed practically his entire career in the handling 
of fire insurance, and while other matters have 
claimed a part of his attention, it is in this line 
of business that he is best known. 

Logan E. Old was born in Norfolk County, Vir- 
ginia, September 20, 1872, a son of Rev. James 
Young and Agenora (Ives) Old, his father being 
a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
His education w-as secured in public and private 
schools of his native county, and at Elizabeth 
City, whence he came while still a youth, and his 



144 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



first independent venture when lie faced life 's 
responsibilities on his own account %vas in the posi- 
tion of dispatching clerk in the Elizabeth City 
postotfice. After one year in that position he 
decided that that was not his forte, and, in search 
of a more congenial and profitable occupation, 
decided upon the general insurance business, 
but particularly upon that of fire indemnity. This 
was work for which he had been peculiarly fitted, 
and he was soon in possession of a clientele that 
was representative and pirofitable. Finally, with 
other prominent business men of the city, he or- 
ganized what is now one of the largest firms of its 
kind in the state, the Culpepper-Griffin-Old-Grice 
Company, of wiiich he became secretary and 
treasurer, jjositions which he still retains. This 
concern does a general business in insurance and 
bonds and has figured in some of the largest trans- 
actions in the history of the city. Aside from his 
business, Mr. Old has few interests, but is a popu-- 
lar member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, and treasurer of the First Methodist 
Church, where he is also a member of the board of 
stewards. He lends his support in all worthy 
measures for the benefit and advancement of the 
city of his adoption, and is accounteil a good and 
jiublic-spirited citizen. 

Mr. Old was married August 19, 1903, to Miss 
Helen Holmes Cone, of Rivcrton, Virginia, who 
died September 16, 1909, leaving one son: Logan 
Edward, Jr. 

Walter Norman Old, brother of Logan Edward 
Old, was born in Norfolk County, Virginia, 
August 5, 1866. He was educated in the public 
schools of Norfolk County and at Norfolk Acad- 
emy, and after his graduation from that institution 
in 1889, came to Elizabeth City and engaged in 
the manufacture of lumber. He and his father 
erected five lumber mills in North Carolina, three 
of which were located at Elizabeth City, but they 
subsequently sold these mills and for two years 
Walter N. Old acted as assistant superintendent 
in these enterprises. His next venture was in the 
grocery business, but he sold out his establishment 
to engage in the proprietorship of horse and mule 
sales stables, which he disposed of after two years 
to become a member of the firm of E. S. Chesson 
Company. Retiring from that concern, he spent 
some time as manager and ad.iuster for lumber 
companies, but in .Tanuary, 1917, joined the Cul- 
pepper-Griffin-Old-Grice Company as assistant sec- 
retary and solicitor. Mr. Old is widely known in 
business circles of Elizabeth City, and is accounted 
a capable and shrewd man of affairs, of high in- 
tegrity. He is a member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Hon. Walter Murphy. Prominent among the 
able and influential members of the Rowan County 
bar is Hon. Walter Murphy, of Salisbury, who 
has won professional precedence by reason of his 
legal ability and his devotion to liis work, while 
his personal characteristics have gained for him 
a place of importance in the public life of city and 
county. He was born in Salisbury, North Caro- 
lina, which was likewise the birthplace of his 
father, Andrew Murphy, and of his grandfather, 
John Murphy. 

His great-grandfather, James Murphy, was born 
and bred in Glasgow, Scotland, and as a young 
man came with two of his brothers to America. 
He located first in Wilmington, North Carolina, 



but prior to the Revolutionary war settled in Salis- 
bury, where he embarked in mercantile pursuits, 
his store having been at the corner of Main and 
Fisher streets. There were no railways in the 
state at that early day, and all of his merchandise 
was transported by teams from either Fayetteville, 
or from Charleston. 

John Murphy succeeded to the business estab- 
lished by his father, and managed it successfully 
until his death, in 1848. He married Mary Furr, 
who was born in Rowan County, the daughter of a 
Revolutionary soldier, and died at her home in 
Salisbury, in 1867. 

Andrew Murphy was born in Salisbury in 1832, 
and as a boy began working in his father 's store. 
After the death of his father he and one of his 
brothers assmned the management of the store, 
with which he was identified the remainder of his 
life. During the Civil war, he was detailed for 
railroad service. The maiden name of his wife 
was Helen Long. 

She was born in Salisbury, North Carolina, as 
was her father. Dr. Alexander Long, while her 
paternal grandfather, Alexander Long, Sr., was 
born on the Long plantation, located about six 
miles from Salisbury. She was the mother of 
eight children, as follows: Alexander, Frederick, 
Elizabeth, Charles, Hamilton, Edgar, Carrie and 
Walter. The great-grandfather of Mrs. Murphy, 
John Long, a native of England, came to 
America with two of his brothers, Alexander, 
who settled in Massachusetts, and William, who 
located in Pennsylvania. John Long came to 
North Carolina, locating in Rowan County, where 
he received a grant of 16,000 acres of land. He 
erected a frame house, having bricks brought from 
England with which to build the chimneys. He 
was a commander in the militia of Western North 
Carolina, and was killed in the skirmish with the 
Indians, in McDowell County, in 1675. He mar- 
ried for his second wife a Miss Harrisoif, through 
whom the line of descent was continued. 

Alexander Long, Sr., being an only son, inher- 
ited his father's estate, and for many years was 
one of the leading planters of Rowan County, the 
census of that time showing that he owned 112 
slaves. Although a graduate of Princeton Col- 
lege, he did not adopt a profession, preferring to 
devote his time to agricultural labors. He married 
Susan Stokes, a sister of George Montford Stokes, 
and they reared thirteen children. Dr. Alexander 
Long was born in Salisbury, North Carolina, in 
1789. He was graduated from the University of 
North Carolina with the class of 1811, and three 
years later, in 1814, received the degree of M. D. 
at the University of Pennsylvania. Beginning the 
practice of his chosen profession in Hillsboro, 
Orange County, he remained there untU 1818, 
when he settled in Salisbury, where he built up a 
large patronage, as a physician being very suc- 
cessful. He died in 1877, at the venerable age of 
ninety years. He married Mary Williams, who 
was born in Petersburg, Virginia, being a sister 
of Maj. Joseph Williams, who won distinction as 
a soldier. She died in 1877, at an advanced age. 

Walter Murphy turned his attention to the study 
of law, and was graduated from the law depart- 
ment of the University of North Carolina in 1894. 
Returning to Salisbury, he immediately began 
the practice of his profession, and has since been 
an active and prominent attorney of the city, his 
legal success having been assured from the first. 




V ' 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



145 



Mr. Murphy married, in 1903, Maude Horney, a 
daughter of Henry and Elizaljcth Homey, and 
into their home two children have made their 
advent, Spencer and Elizabeth. 

Having cast his first presidential vote for 
Grover Cleveland, Mr. Murphy has since been an 
active and consistent supporter of the principles 
of the democratic party, and has taken a promi- 
nent part in the management of public affairs. He 
has rendered able service as city attorney, and 
seven times has he been elected to represent Rowan 
County in the State Legislature, and twice as 
speaker of the House, an honorable record, of 
which he may well be proud, being proof of his 
popularity as a public-spirited citizen, and of his 
ability in the administration of public affairs. 
Mr. Murphy was a delegate to the Democratic 
National Conventions of 1912 and 1916. 

Intelligently interested in everything pertaining 
to the advancement of the educational status of 
tlie state, Mr. Murphj- has been a member of the 
board of trustees of the University of North Caro- 
lina since 1901, and also one of its executive com- 
mittee. He has served as secretary of the Alumni 
Council of that institution, and as secretary of the 
Alumni Association. The founder of the Alumni 
Re\ lew, he has always served on the editorial staff'. 
From 1907 until 1914 he was one of the direc- 
torate of the State Tuberculosis Hospital. 

Fraternally Mr. Murphy is a member of An- 
drew Jackson Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons; of Salisbury Chapter, No. 20, 
Royal Arch Masons; of Salisbury Commandery, 
No. 24, Knights Templar; and of Oasis Temple, 
at Charlotte. Mrs. Murphy is a l>irth-right Quak- 
er, and ever true to the faith in which she was 
reared. A keen-witted and successful lawyer, an 
able statesman, and a ready and fluent speaker, 
Mr. Murphy is often called upon to address large 
gatherings, whether of a social or political nature, 
and has the happy knack of jjleasing and enter- 
taining his audiences, as well as giving them some- 
thing to ponder over. 

Henrv E. Faircloth, though one of the younger 
men of Winston-Salem, has found himself as it 
were in the field of commercial endeavor, and is 
already prosperously located as one of the mer- 
chants of this city. 

Thougli his own career has been brief as to 
years, he represents one of the old and well 
known families in this section of North Carolina. 
He was himself born on a fax'm near Advance in 
Davie County December 25, 188.5. The founder 
of the Faircloth family in North Carolina was 
his ancestor six generations back, that is, his 
great-great-great-grandfather. This ancestor lived 
in Pennsylvania and there joined a colony of thirty 
families to come to North Carolina. They made 
the removal down the ridge of the Alleghenys 
with wagons and teams. Nearly all of North 
Carolina was then a wilderness and these Penn- 
sylvania colonists had to combat not only the 
natural obstacles of a new country but also the 
dangers incident to wild animals and wild In- 
dians. They located near what is now Old Town 
in Forsyth County. This ancestor and the founder 
of the family in North Carolina was a brave and 
gallant soldier in the Revolutionary war and for 
his services was granted 160 acres. The laud he 
selected is in that part of Stokes County now in- 
cluded in Yadkin County. Thus the Faircloth 
Vol. rv— 10 



family has lived in this section of North Carolina 
considerably more than a century and its mem- 
bers have been industrious and worthy leaders 
in their respective communities. 

The great-grandfather of Henry E. Faircloth 
was William P. Faircloth who was born in Surry 
County, North Carolina. He owned and occupied 
a farm in Yadkin County. The next generation 
was represented by Thomas Anderson Faircloth, 
grandfather of Henry E. He was born in Surry 
County, North Carolina, May 1, 1822, and at this 
writing, February, 1917, he is still living, at the 
remarkable age of ninety-five. In his youth he 
learned the trade of bricklayer, and in the early 
days of Winston was a contractor and builder. 
Later he bought a farm in Davie County, where 
he now resides. For one year he was a soldier 
in the Confederate army. He married Louisa 
Roadhorse, and they reared children named Jacob 
D., .John A., James Edward, Julia, Thomas E., 
Frank M., Sarah A., Mary and Anna. Of these 
the son Jacob gave three years of active service 
to the Confederate cause during the war between 
the states. 

James Edward Faircloth, father of Henry E., 
was born near Salem, North Carolina, grew up on 
a farm and has made farming his regular pur- 
suit and means of livelihood. He now owns and 
occupies a farm two miles from Advance in Davie 
County. He married Cora D. McCorkle, and they 
became the parents of four children, Clarence E., 
Henry E., Annie G. and Grace. 

Mr. Henry E. Faircloth grew up on his fa- 
ther 's farm in Davie County, attended district 
schools and his experiences were limited to the farm 
and rural districts until he was twenty years of 
age. Coming to Winston, he put in four years 
as a street car conductor, but resigned that po- 
sition to engage in merchandising. He bought 
an interest in a general store and since 1912 
has been steadily building up a large and pros- 
jieroys trade at 400 South Main Street in Winston- 
Salem. 

lu 1911 Mr. Faircloth married Miss Mary 
Petree. She was born in Salem, daughter of Wil- 
liam R. and Harriet Petree. William R. Petree 
was born in a log house near Mount Taber in 
Forsyth County. His grandfather, Daniel Petree, 
was a farmer near Mount Taber and spent his 
last years with his son, Isaac, in that vicinity. 
Daniel Petree married a widow, Margaret Fidler, 
and they reared nine children. Jacob Petree, 
father of William R., was born near Mount Taber 
in what is now Forsyth County in 1827, grew up 
on a farm, and after his marriage bought a place 
near the old homestead. This land had a set 
of log buildings as its chief improvement, but only 
a few acres had been cleared. He was busily en- 
gaged with the task of developing the land and 
making a home when the war between the states 
broke out. Giving up everything for the cause of 
the South he entered the Confederate army, went 
to the front, and was soon captured by the enemy 
and died while a prisoner of war at Point Look- 
out, Maryland. After that the responsibilties of 
his home and family devolved upon his noble 
widow, whose maiden name was Henrietta Celina 
Crouse. She was born at Bethabia, now known as 
Old Town in Forsyth County. Her father, Ben- 
jamin Crouse, was a native of the same locality 
and of German ancestry, was a tanner by trade, 
and for several years operated a tannery at Beth- 



146 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



abia, but subsequently moved to Stokes County, 
where he spent his last years. Benjamin Grouse 
married Eebecea Butner, who spent her entire 
life at Bethabia. Mrs. Faireloth's grandmother 
in the early days cooked by the open tire and 
was skilled in those housewifely accomplishments 
of carding and spinning and weaving. Mrs. Ja- 
cob Petree had eight children to support when her 
husband went into the Confederate army, and be- 
ing unable to keep her family together in the 
country she removed to Salem and lived there 
until her death when upwards of eighty years of 
age. Six of her eight children grew up, named 
Margaret R., Amanda M., Benjamin, Mary Jane, 
Samuel Newton, and William R. Margaret is still 
living in Salem. William R. Petree, father of 
Mrs. Faircloth, attended the Salem Boys School, 
but at the age of ten years began earning his 
own living as a worker in a woolen mill. He con- 
tinued as a factory hand for a nupiber of years, 
and finally used his experience and modest capital 
to engage in merchandising. Mrs. Faircloth 's par- 
ents are active members of the Home Moravian 
Church, in which she is also a member. Mr. Fair- 
cloth retains membership in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church South at Advance. They have one 
daughter, Venus Louise. 

< 

Benj.\iiin Rice Lacy. Among the men in 
North Carolina who by pluck, energy, ability 
and common sense have trampled obstacles under 
foot and risen to places of usefulness and honor, 
Benjamin Rice Lacy is easily conspicuous. He 
had the will to rise and he rose. Fortunately too 
he inherited ability and character from a long 
line of thoughtful ancestors, and this combination 
enabled him to fill and not merely occupy the 
places which his courage had won. 

Mr. Lacy is a son of Rev. Drury Lacy, D. D., 
and Mary Rice Lacy. His father, after a pastorate 
of eighteen years in the First Presbyterian Church 
of Raleigh, was in 1855 elected president of Dav- 
idson College, and administered the affairs of the 
institution with force and success until the open- 
ing of the Civil War. Then Doctor Lacy, with 
the same patriotism which his grandsons are now 
showing, went into the Confederate service as a 
chaplain. The unaccustomed hardships of the life 
left him at the close of the war virtually wrecked 
in health. 

His sou Benjamin was born in Raleigh in 1854. 
A child of Reconstruction Days in North Caro- 
lina, when the fortunes of even the wealthiest 
had been swept away, young Lacy was forced 
by the hardness of the times and liy his father 's 
failing health to enter active life while still very 
young. ' Happily, however, he was privileged be- 
fore taking his place with the sturdy young work- 
ers of that generation to spend a few years under 
the instruction of two of the state's ablest teach- 
ers, Mr. R. H. Graves and Col. William Bingham. 
No boy could study under two such masters and 
not consciously or unconsciously have his after life 
enriched by their virility of mind. 

After leaving school Mr. Lacy entered the Sea- 
board Air Line machine shops at Raleigh, subse- 
quently rose to be foreman of these shops. In the 
shops he learned to know men and their habits of 
thought, and this acquisition has been a source 
of strength to him throughout his life. No man is 
quicker than he to penetrate the veneer of a hol- 
low life. 

He left the shops to take up the responsibili- 



ties of a locomotive engineer, and was soon known 
as one of the most dependable and skilful engi- 
neers of the system. Seeing the opportunities for 
service to his profession which were offered by 
the newly formed Brotherhood of Locomotive En- 
gineers he joined that organization and has lived 
to see his faith justified by the wonderful changes 
for good brought about by that body in the 
characters, standing, and general welfare of the 
sterling body of men who compose its member- 
ship. AVith his accustomed energy he was no idler 
in the Brotherhood and his aptness for organiza- 
tion led to his becoming one of its safe and 
trusted leaders. His duties in the growing organi- 
zation broadened his sympathies, widened the 
range of his thought, and made him with his nat- 
urally warm heart quick to reach out a brotherly 
liand to any man whose misfortunes or tempta- 
tions had left him helpless. 

In 1893 Governor Elias Carr appointed Mr. 
Lacy commissioner of labor and printing. He ac- 
cejited the office at a financial sacrifice with the 
hope of accomplishing what he did accomplish — 
the bringing of tlie department into closer rela- 
tionship with both laborers and manufacturers. 
After the close of his term of office Mr. Lacy or- 
ganized what is now the Mechanics Savings Bank. 
As cashier of the bank he started it on the suc- 
cessful career which it has enjoyed. 

In 1899 the Legislature, having made a change 
in the method of selecting a commissioner of labor 
and printing, unanimously elected Mr. Lacy to 
that office, and he served his second term of four 
years. 

At the general election in 1900 he was elected 
treasurer of the state and took charge of North 
Carolina's finances in 1901. So satisfied have the 
)ieople been with the administration of this high 
office that they have reelected him four succes- 
sive times. 

Like most men who have to mingle with their 
fellows, Mr. Lacy is a member of several orders. 
He is treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Masons, 
maintains membership in the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, the Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics, and the Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers. He is an Elder in the 
Presbyterian Church. 

In June, 1882, Mr. Lacy married a thoughtful 
and cultured woman, Miss Mary Burwell, daughter 
of Capt. John B. Burwell, and granddaughter of 
Rev. Robert Burwell, D. D., who were among North 
Carolina's pioneers in the education of women. 

Mr. Lacy has seven children— five daughters 
and two sons. At the opening of America's war 
with Germany both of the sons offered their 
services to their country. The elder, Rev. B. R. 
Lacy, Jr., is chaplain of the One hundred and 
Thirteenth Fielil Artillery. The younger, 

Thomas Allen, volunteered as a private in the 
same company in his nineteenth year. 

Judge Edw.\rd Jenneb Warben. In the words 
of Cliief Justice Walter Clark of the North Caro- 
lina Supreme Court, "Judge Edward J. Warren 
was one of the most forceful and able men that 
this state has produced." He was a splendid 
type of lawyer and also a man of leadership in 
public affairs at a time when North Carolina stood 
in greatest need of such men. 

Though his active career was identified with 
North Carolina, he was a native of New England 
and of rugged New England ancestry. Edward 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



147 



Jeimer Warren was born at Wardsboro, Vermont, 
December 23, 1826, a son of Jolm Parker and 
Lucy Maynard (Wheeloekj Warren. Judge 
Warren was of Puritan and patriotic ancestry. 
Through four distinct lines Ids ancestry goes 
back to Revolutionary soldiers. His great-grand- 
father, Nathaniel Warren, and his graudfatlier, 
Stephen Warren, father and son, saw long serv- 
ice in that war. His maternal grandfather, Asa 
Wheeloek, his maternal great-grandfather, Ebe- 
nezer Read, and also Ebenezer Cliapin, another 
great-grandfather on his mother's side, were in 
the war for independence. Two of these ancestors, 
Stephen Warren and Ebenezer Read, were minute- 
men at the Lexington alarm. One of his Wheeloek 
connections was Frederick Eleaser Wheeloek, who 
was president of Dartmoutli College. Prior to the 
founding of the college Doctor Wheeloek had been 
intensely interested in tlie education of the In- 
dians and had established schools for their in- 
struction. Probably these schools were successful 
to a degree in civilizing the savages but one 
notable instance of failure was the case of the 
infamous Brandt. Brandt was very friendly to 
Doctor Wheeloek personally and apparently ap- 
preciative of his kindness, but his reversion to 
savagery and his virulent hostility to the white 
settlers added greatly to the horrors of the Revo- 
lution iu New York, where he led his Indians in 
horrible massacre and deeds of terror, familiar to 
every American schoolboy. 

John Parker Warren, father of Judge Warren, 
■was a physician of prominence iu A'ermont and 
also a noted botanist. It is said he had the most 
complete botanical collection in Vermont. He also 
assisted materially in writing Hemenway's His- 
tory of Vermont. Judge Warren inherited nnndi 
of the character and appearance of his mother, 
who was a woman of unusual beauty, dignity, 
refinement and cultivation. 

Because of the family affiliation above noted 
Judge Warren was educated at Dartmouth College, 
where he graduated in 1847. After graduation, 
owing to financial reverses in his family, he came 
to North Carolina and engaged in teaching for a 
year or two, studying law at the same time. He 
obtained his license to practice in 1849 and settled 
in the Town of Washington. 

He early became prominent in the bar and was 
employed in many important cases. One ease in 
which he was OJie of the leading counsel was of 
much notoriety partly on account of its tragic 
ending, but mainly because of his masterly conduct 
of the prosecution and scathing arraignment of 
the criminal. When the verdict was brought in 
the murderer committed suicide. He had uiana'^ed 
to secrete a pistol and he endeavored to send Mr. 
Warren into eternity by tiring it point blank at 
the lawyer 's heart. The end of this trial has been 
said to be the most dramatic event which ever 
occurred in a courthouse in North Carolina. .Tudge 
Warren always deprecated the sort of prominence 
which was accorded the affair. In the practice of 
his profession .ludge Warren received large fees 
but he also did much work for which he charged 
nothing and received nothing. His legal knowl- 
edge was always at the service of his friends 
without thought of remuneration, and though for 
years he stood among the leaders of the state 
bar he never acquired that degree of wealth which 
might properly have been incidental to such a 
high standing and success. 

His great intellectual power and leadership 



among men are only partially in his public record. 
Reared in New England, he was naturally a 
Federalist, and by conviction and party affiliation 
was an old-line whig. In the rapid evolution of 
Iiolitics before the war he was in favor of pre- 
serving the Union if possible, because he realized 
the unprepardness of the South and knew from his 
frequent visits to the North the determined liitter 
spirit with which that section of the country 
would wage war. When all efforts failed he 
voted for the secession of his state. He was elected 
a memlier of the convention which voted to secede 
from the Union. After the war he became a 
conservative democrat, though it was a difficult 
matter for an old line whig to call himself a demo- 
crat. He bent all his energy to help redeem the 
state from radical rule and tlie horrors of Recon- 
struction. He was repeatedly elected a member 
of the Legislature, both of the House of Commons 
and of the Senate. He was president of the 
Senate at the time the Governor, W. W. Holden, 
was impeached. He was appointed judge of the 
Superior Court of North Carolina in 1866. 

Early in the war Judge Warren was elected 
captain of a cavalry company raised by a group 
of his friends. There was at this time only one 
vacancy in the two regiments of cavalry organized 
at first by the state, and another company was 
given the coveted jiosition. While not a member 
of any church Judge Warren was a sincere believer 
in the fundamental truths of Christianity. 

At Washington, North Carolina, May 16, 1849, 
he married Miss Deborah Virginia Bonner, 
daughter of Col. Richard H. and Elizabeth Lee 
(Bowen) Bonner. Mrs. Warren was a beautiful 
woman, of fine intellect and vivacious manners. 
Her grandfather. Rev. Thomas Bowen, was one 
of the ])ioneers of Methodism in North Carolina. 
Parson Bowen, as he was known, was converted 
in Baltimore under Whitfield 's preaching, and 
immediately became a Methodist minister. Mrs. 
Warren's father was in the War of 1812 and 
her great-grandfather. Rev. .James Adams, was 
a chaplain in the Revolutionary war. 

.ludge and Mrs. Warren had two children, Lucy 
Wheeloek and the late Charles Frederic Warren, 
whose distinguished career as a North Carolina 
lawyer has been appropriately sketched on other 
pages. The daughter, Lucy Wheeleek, now liv- 
ing at Washington, is the widow of the late Wil- 
liam Rodman Myers, a North Carolina lawyer who 
was at one time associated in practice with Judge 
Warren. 

Charles Frederic Warren. The legal profes- 
sion in North Carolina has been honored by the 
services of three successive generations of the 
Warren family. 'the first was .Judge Edward 
Jenner Warren, the second was Charles Frederic 
Warren, and at the present time a leading mem- 
ber of the Washington bar is Lindsay Carter 
Warren. 

In 1914 Judge S. G. Bragaw in behalf of the 
family presented to the Supreme Court a portrait 
of the late Charles Frederic Warren. Chief Justice 
Walter Clark in accepting the portrait said: 
' ' Judge Edward J. Warren was one of the most 
forceful and able men that this state has produced. 
His son, Charles F. Warren lived scarcely past his 
meridian, but he inherited his father's ability 
and though he did not live long enough to render 
the full measure of service to his state and people 
of which he was capable he lived long enough to 



148 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



establish his own fame aud to entitle him to an 
acknowledged place among the leaders of North 
Carolina. ' ' 

Judge Edward Jenner Warren, his father, was 
Ijorn in Vermont, graduated at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, and shortly afterwards moved to Beaufort 
County, North Carolina, where later he practiced 
law. He belonged to a distinguished family which 
produced many eminent men who had a great part 
in the developing and shaping the destiny of 
New England. In mind and personality Judge 
Edward Warren seemed to typify the strong, stern 
aud rugged state from whence he sprang. Of 
high character, deep purpose, uncompromising 
will and great intellectual strength, he made last- 
ing impress upon those among wliom he lived. He 
soon took high rank in his profession. In 1862 
he was elected to the State Senate and was again 
a member of the Senate in 1870-71-72 and its 
president. In 1866 he was appointed judge of 
the Superior Court of North Carolina. 

Judge Edward J. Warren married Deborah V. 
Bonner. She was the daughter of Col. Richard 
H. Bonner of Beaufort County a man of ability 
and distinguished lineage. Another daughter of 
Colonel Bonner was the mother of Associate Jus- 
tice George H. Brown of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina. 

Charles Frederic Warren was born in the Town 
of Washington, Beaufort County, September 6, 
1852, and had just attained the full measure of 
intellectual strength and power when he died July 
11, 1904. When he was ready to enter college 
the University of his native state offered no 
opportunity and in 1869 he was sent to Washing- 
ton College at Lexington, Virginia, then presided 
over by Gen. Robert E. Lee. He was a student 
there when General Lee died, and it is said that 
upon General Lee 's death among the papers left 
by him were examination papers of Charles F. 
Warren. Mr. Warren graduated with high honors 
in 1873. Among his college mates and associates 
were a number of men who afterwards attained 
distinction. Upon his graduation, returning to 
Washington, he studied law under his father and 
was admitted to the North Carolina bar by the 
Supreme Court in the June term of 1874. He at 
once began practice in Beaufort County, associ- 
ated with his father. Judge Warren, and the late 
Col. David Miller Carter and William Rodman 
Myers, under the firm name Warren, Carter, 
Myers & Warren. After the retirement or death 
of the senior members Charles F. Warren suc- 
ceeded to the practice of the firm and continued 
alone until his death. 

In 1879 he married Elizabeth Mutter Blount, 
daughter of Maj. John Gray Blount, of the family 
referred to by the late Gov. Henry T. Clark, who 
is quoted in Wheeler 's Reminiscences as expressing 
the opinion that "no family whose name survives 
in this state can trace its origin back to a period 
so remote in the history of North Carolina." At 
the death of Mr. Warren he was survived by his 
widow, also his mother, his sister, Mrs. William 
Rodman Myers, and by two sons and two 
daughters. The oldest son, Frederick B. Warren, 
has gained high distinction as a journalist at 
New York City. 

In addition to this brief biography it is proper 
to quote some of the sentences from Judge 
Bra^aw's address at the time of the presentation 
of Mr. Warren 's portrait. 

"Charles F. Warren was but a boy when this 
country writhed in the mightv throes of civil war. 



He would have been a magnificent soldier. No 
man ever lived who knew less of the sensation of 
fear. He was the bravest man I ever knew. 
Whether from his association with the greatest 
war captain of all time, for during the days he 
sat at the feet of Robert E. Lee he imbibed a love 
of things military, or whether he inherited the 
instinct from his ancestors of New England or 
his Southern forebears, one cannot know, but the 
militant spirit was strong within him. It is 
doubtful whether the state had a more thorough 
student of the history of the period from 1861 
to 186.5, or one more accurately informed other 
than those who took part in the great conflict. 

' ' Mr. Wajren was profoundly interested in 
politics and was not without political ambition. 
But it was an ambition based upon the earnest 
desire to be of service to his state and not the 
selfish yielding to the lure of ofiice from the mere 
sordid lust for ofiice. The term politician in its 
modern acceptation had no application to him. He 
could not dissemble and had supreme contempt 
for political duplicity and the doctrine of political 
expediency. He formed and expressed his opinions 
of men and measures without thought of the effect 
of such expressions upon himself. He was mayor 
of Washington for five years, 1881 to 1886. In 
1886 he was elected to the State Senate, where he 
took first rank with the ablest lawj-ers and states- 
men in that body. In 1896 he was a delegate to 
the National Democratic Convention held at Chi- 
cago at which William J. Bryan was nominated as 
the party candidate for the presidency. In 1898 
the opportunity was given him to accept the 
nomination for Congress from the First Congres- 
sional District, the Hon. John Small having de- 
clined to permit the use of his name until after 
the nomination had been tendered to Mr. Warren 
and by him refused. 

"In 1899 he was unanimously elected president 
of the North Carolina Bar Association, being the 
second i>resident of that organization. Mr. War- 
ren 's administration of this high ofiice was emi- 
nently satisfactory and aided in strengthening the 
influence of the association for more progressive 
methods and higher ideals. To his interests, zeal 
and admirable address as president in 1900 should 
be attributed the request made by the Bar Asso- 
ciation to the Supreme Court for a restoration of 
the requirement that a two years course of study 
be a condition upon applicants for license to prac- 
tice law in the state, and that Sharswood's Legal 
Ethics be added to the course of study. It is 
gratifying to recall that both requests were 
Iiromptly granted by the Supreme Court. Your 
speaker recalls that previously he had prepared 
and procured the adoption by the local bar of 
Beaufort County of a condensed Code of Ethics 
applicable to the members of that bar. 

"His address as president of the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association in 1900 was on the subject 
' Tlie Standard of Admission and Legal Ethics, " 
and those who heard or have read it agreed that 
no stronger appeal was ever made in a worthy 
cause. To those who knew Charles F. Warren it 
is manifest that he wrote aud spoke as he prac- 
ticed, that he was expressing in precept the faith 
that he expressed in daily work and living. 

' ' For several years preceding his death he 
suffered, intensely at times, from an incurable 
malady which ultimately proved fatal; but with a 
courage and devotion that uo Roman centurion 
ever surpassed and with the fortitude of an ideal 
martvr he sat at his desk dav after dav and far 



I rVV T.JFW VCT^U I 



i 



ASTC ; 





'(:z.x^oc<^ 





'^.z^^^^-^c^ 



HISTORY OP NORTH CAROLINA 



149 



iuto the night guarding the interests of his clients 
and ceased from labor only when the stricken and 
weary body could no longer respond to the strong 
and ever ready will. In the great battles of war 
wlieu a soldier falls another takes his place and 
the gap is closed. When Warren fell, among all 
the worthy ones left there was none to take his 
I.lace; and it is no disparagement of my brethren 
to say the vacancy created when Oiarles F. War- 
ren was called remains today unfilled. 

"Charles F. Warren was a great lawyer. All 
size is relative. The true measure of a man and 
lawyer is taken by comparison with his associates 
and contemporaries. 'Warren, in the activities of 
professional life, stood by the side of or before 
Judge W. B. Rodman, Colonel David Miller Carter, 
Hon. James E. Shepherd, who later became chief 
justice of North Carolina, Hon. George H. Brown, 
now a member of this court. He met in combat 
and in conference Major Lewis Latham, Gover- 
nor Jarvis, Thomas G. Skinner, James Edwin 
Moore and W. D. Pruden. And measured by these 
men of great height he was known among them 
and in comparison with them as a great lawyer 
and a strong man. 

' ' He was cautious and safe in counsel, giving 
no opinion not fortified by authority searched 
for and found. Earnest, forceful and convincing 
as a jury advocate; always frank and respectful 
to the court; but unyielding and fearless in 
demanding due consideration for liimself and his 
cause by the court; bold in presenting and plaus- 
ible in maintaining his side of a debated and 
debatable question; quick at court house repartee, 
and a past master in the art of directing cross 
examination, he was without a superior within my 
observation in the nisi prius court. 

"Yet nothing contributed more to his success 
in the trial of causes, with all his skill and ability, 
than his fixed habit of thoroughness in prepara- 
tion. He left nothing to the element of chance 
or luck. He hunted for the weak points of his 
own case with pitiless thoroughness and prepared 
the case of his adversary as though it were his 
own. To investigate and master the two sides of 
a controversy thus and to remain the partisan 
advocate, with keenness and zeal and courage un- 
abated, requires a mental fibre and a moral temper 
precisely as rare as real greatness. In the appel- 
late court this habit of thoroughness was apparent 
again. He never concluded and completed the prep- 
aration of his case till further preparation could 
no longer avail. 

"His energy and zeal in a cause depended in 
not the slightest degree upon the personality or 
position of his client. The humblest negro became 
the biggest man in the land to Warren when that 
negro 's case was in his care. The strongest storms 
of public clamor against his client swayed him not 
the slightest nor caused him to abate one jot or 
one tittle in the defense of his cause. 

"He was absolutely honest with himself, his 
neighbor and his God, and no man ever had a 
higher sense of honor. It never occurred to any- 
one who knew him to question his word or his 
complete fidelity to every trust. 

"In 1901, in his admirable address as president 
of the North Carolina Bar Association, Hon. 
Charles M. Stedman, describing the 'model 
lawyer, ' said : ' The simplicity of his character 
commands confidence. He loves the companion- 
ship of friends. He delights in the society of 



books. A pure and irreproachable private life 
places him above the shatt of petty gossip. He 
is free from any taint of malice, envy or false- 
liood. He is brave and chivalrous, always respect- 
ful to but never obsequious to the judge. His 
clients confide to him their troubles with the con- 
fidence that he will not reveal them. He is fear- 
less when combating for his client amid the whole 
weight of an irresistible clamor. He is cool, 
tliough tried by all means which could overcome 
the finest patience. He is cautious when prudence 
counsels reserve. He is aggtfessive when the 
moment for action has arrived. The love of gain 
does not tempt him. He is learned in the law; not 
only in its technicalities but in the tiroad and deep 
]irinciples. He manifests and feels a strong 
interest in all that affects the welfare of the 
community. In advancing his client 's interest he 
spares no laltor but is governed by a supreme 
sense of duty. He has an absolute scorn for every 
artifice or trick by which an undue advantage 
might be gained. He fights his battles in the 
open field. ' It is said that later a number of prom- 
inent lawyers of wide acquaintance among the 
members of the bar of this state were discussing 
this address and the question arose as to what 
lawyer then living the description would most 
accurately fit. I have heard that it was agreed 
that none came nearer to the realization of this 
ideal than Cliarles P. Warren. Prom an inti- 
mate knowledge and close observation of him it 
is my deliberate judgment that every sentence in 
that description fits Charles P. Warren, the lawyer, 
without exaggeration. ' ' 

Lindsay Carter Warren, grandson of Judge 
Edward J. Warren and son of the late Charles 
Frederic Warren, was born at Washington, North 
Carolina, December 16, 1889. He was educated in 
the public schools, in the Bingham School at 
Asheville, in the University of North Carolina 
and was admitted to the bar in February, 1912. 
During the five years he has practiced at Wash- 
ington his ability and talents have justified the 
expectations of his friends as a lawyer who 
individually will contribute something to the lustre 
which the name Warren has long enjoyed in the 
legal profession of North Carolina. 

Mr. Warren has held the office of county attor- 
ney of Beaufort County since 1912. He was 
elected and is a member of the State Senate for 
1917-18 and has been chairman of the Democratic 
Executive Committee of his home county since 
1912. In 1917 he was appointed a member of 
the North Carolina Code Commission. He is a 
member of the North Carolina Bar Association, 
the Alpha Tau Omega College fraternity and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His 
church is St. Peter's Episcopal at Washington. 

January 29, 1916, Mr. Warren married Miss 
Emily Harris, daughter of James H. and Annie 
Harris. Her father is the sheriff of Beaufort 
County. 

.James D. Heilig. A man of pronounced abil- 
ity and great enterprise, James D. Heilig, of 
Salisbury, is endowed with at least two substan- 
tial virtues, perseverance in purpose and excellent 
business judgment, and is making good use of his 
t.alents, as secretary and treasurer of the Taylor 
Mattress Manufacturing Company, being identified 
with one of the prominent industries of the city. 



150 



HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA 



He was born in Gold Hill Township, which was 
the birthplace of his father, Paul Nathaniel Heilig, 
and of his grandfather, George Heilig. 

He comes of pioneer stock, his great-grandfa- 
ther, Michael Heilig, who was of German ancestry, 
having come with two of his cousins from Penn- 
sylvania to Bowan County at an early day. Se- 
curing a tract of land in Gold Hill Township, he 
cleared and improved a homestead, and was thei'e 
engaged in farming the remainder of his life. He 
was a Lutheran in religion, ami a member of the 
Organ Church, which w'as so called because it 
was the first church in the vicinity in which an 
organ was placed. , 

George Heilig and liis wife, whose maiden name 
was Sarah Furr, were life-long residents of Gold 
Hill Township, living and dying on their farm. 
Both belonged to the Organ Cliureh, and con- 
tributed of tlieir means towards its support. 

Paul Nathaniel Heilig was reared to agricultural 
pursuits, and was prominent not only as a farmer, 
but in the public affairs of the county. In early 
manliood he was elected justice of the peace, which 
at tliat time w-as a judicial office, and he often ' 
presided at important trials. During the progress 
of the Civil war, he served as colonel in the State 
Militia, and as tithing man conscription officer. 
After the war, he came with his family to Salis- 
Ijury, where he was engaged in the har<iware busi- 
ness until his retirement from active pursuits, con- 
tinuing his residence in the city, however, until his 
death, at the age of sixty-five years. He was an 
active and useful member of the Organ Church, 
and prominent in the management of its affairs. 
The maiden name of his wife was Amelia Miller. 
She was of German ancestry, and, like lier parents, 
Daniel and Mary (vSossaman) Miller, was a native 
of Cabarrus County, North Carolina. She sur- 
vived her husband, dying in the eighty-fifth year 
of her age. She reared three sons, namely: John 
G., James D., and A. Sidney, now deceased. 

Having completed the course of study in the 
public schools, James D. Heilig was a student at 
Boanoke College, in Salem, Virginia. Later he 
entered the University of North Carolina, but hav- 
ing become nearly blind, was forced to leave that 
institution, much to his disappointment. On re- 
covering his eyesight, Mr. Heilig was employed 
as a clerk until 1906, working first in his father 's 
establishment, and later in a gentlemen's clothing 
and furnishing store. In that year, with others, 
Mr. Heilig organized the Taylor Mattress Com- 
pany, and embarked in the manufacture of the 
celebrated Taylor Mattresses, which he says, with- 
out fear of contradiction, are superior to any other 
manufactured in North Carolina. He is secretary 
and treasurer of the company, and for the past 
twelve years has devoted his time and attention 
to the business. 

In 1896 Mr. Heilig was united in marriage with 
Mary Elizabeth Thompson, who was born in Tyro 
Township, a daughter of Hon. C. M. and Mary 
Adelaide Thompson. Three children have been 
born of their union, namely : Mary Elizabeth, 
Cliarles Sydney, and James I)., Jr. Mr. and Mrs. 
Heilig are members of the Saint John Lutheran 
Church, and since 1896 Mr. Heilig has been treas- 
urer of the North Carolina Lutlieran Synod. Po- 
litically Mr. Heilig is a democrat, and though not 
active in party ranks always does his duty at the 
polls. Fraternally he is a member of Fultou 
Lodge, No. 99, Ancient Free and Accepted Or- 



der of Masons; of Salisbury Chapter, No. 20, 
Boyal Arch Masons; of Salisbury Commandery, 
No. 13, Knights Templar; and of Oasis Temple, 
at Charlotte. 

John Hugh King. Modern business requires 
practical and thorough training in the same