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A History 

of Northumberland 


















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History of Northumberland 





The Parish of Chollerton 
The Chapelry of Kirkheaton 
The Parish of Thockrington 






6 70 

The formation of the Northumberhind County History Committee and 
its object have been so fully explained in the prefaces to preceding volumes 
that it is only necessary to state here why the parishes dealt with in the 
following pages were selected for treatment, and to discharge the grateful 
duty of recording the names of those without whose help it would have been 
impossible to accomplish what has been done. 

The preceding volume, edited by Mr. A. B. Hinds, in addition to an 
account of the origin and general history of the regality, contained a 
detailed history of the priory, the church, and the town of Hexham. The 
present volume relates the history of the rural townships of Hexham and of 
the chapelries which are component parts of Hexhamshire. Their position 
in relation to one another and to the town of Hexham will be best understood 
by a reference to the accompanying map. To this wide district has been 
added the parish of Chollerton, whose rectory was one of the most valuable 
possessions of the prior and convent ; the chapelry of Kirkheaton, another 
possession of the convent ; and the parish of Thockrington, whose ecclesi- 
astical status as a prebend in the church of York made it desirable that it 
should be associated with the archbishop of York's peculiar jurisdiction of 

Bv the death of the Rev. James Raine the Committee have lost one 
of their most valued members. Had it not been for the two volumes on 
He.xham priory edited by him for the Surtees Society, it would not have 
been possible, without much additional labour, to have given a full account 
of the convent of Hexham and of its numerous estates. With the greatest 
generosity Dr. Raine freely placed at the disposal of the Committee numer- 
ous notes, abstracts, and transcripts of documents, including a large series 
pf wills, the result of many years research amongst the records at York, 



The Editor has to acknowledge the assistance he has received in every 
way from the Rev. WilHam Greenwell and Mr. Cadwallader J. Bates. 
To the former is due the description of the battle of Hefenfelth, and to 
the latter the elucidation of the tangled history of the early Swinburnes 
at Chollerton, West Swinburn, and East Swinburn. Mr. Bates has also 
written the account of the tower of Ninebanks, and has rewritten what 
he said in Border Holds of the family of De Insula of Chipchase. 

The section dealing with the Roman Wall is by T)r. Thomas Hodgkin, 
and that on Watling Street by Mr. R. Oliver Heslop. 

The Committee have again to express their obligation to Mr. Edmund 
Garwood, who has described the geological features of the parishes of 
Chollerton, Kirkheaton, and Thockrington. They are indebted to Mr. 
Sheriton Holmes for a revision and extension of what he had originally 
written in Archceologia yEliaiia upon the Roman bridge at Chollerford. 
To Mr. W. H. Knowles they are under peculiar obligations, for not only 
has he written the architectural descriptions of Cocklaw tower, Chipchase 
castle, and Chollerton and Thockrington churches, but he has expended 
much hibour in the preparation of the excellent drawings by which he has 
illustrated the details of these buildings. Mr. Arthur Plummer has also 
given the ground plan of Birtley church, and particulars of the building 
as it existed before it was restored bv him. 

The Committee are indebted to Mr. G. G. Baker Cresswell for tran- 
scripts of the Subsidy Rolls of 1296 and 1336, from the originals in the 
Record Office. 

Of the numerous plates contained in the volume, some have been pre- 
sented by the owners of the places represented, and some by others. The 
Committee desire to express their thanks to Miss Allgood for the plate 
of the old chapel of St. John Lee, reproduced from a drawing made bv 
her mother, the late Mrs. Allgood ; to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, lord of 
the manor of Hexham, for a contribution towards the cost of illustrating 
the work; to Captain Cuthbert for the plate of Beaufront ; to Mr. J. C. 


Straker for the plate of Stagshaw chapel ; to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Taylor 
for the plates and blocks which accompany the account of Chipchase ; 
to Messrs. T. & G. Allan of Newcastle for the use of the copper plates 
from which blocks of Chollerton and Kirkheaton churches have been 
prepared, and to Messrs. Andrew Reid & Co., Ltd., for Carmichael's 
view of the old house at Beaufront. They are indebted to the Society of 
Antiquaries of Newcastle and to Professor Lebour for some blocks, and 
to Mr. Scott Bertram for some drawings. The photogravure engravings 
and other illustrations have been prepared from photographs taken by 
Mr. J. P. Gibson, whose help the Committee desire to acknowledge in 
the fullest manner. 

The following landowners have permitted very free use to be made of 
their muniments of title : The Duke of Northumberland, the Dean and 
Chapter of Durham, Sir Edward Blackett, Sir John Haggerston, Captain 
Atkinson, Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, Mr. A. J. Blackett-Ord, Mr. Harold 
Cuthbert, Mr. J. B. Clayton, Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett, Miss Hedley, 
Mr. H. T. Morton, Miss Murray, Mr. J. G. Riddell, Mr. Thomas Sample, 
Mr. J. C. Straker, Mr. Jos. H. Straker, and ]Mr. Thomas Taylor. 

The Clerk of the Peace for Northumberland, Messrs. Clayton & Gibson 
as representing the trustees of the Errington estates, Messrs. Dees & 
Thompson and Messrs. R. & W. & J. Gibson representing Mr. Beaumont, 
Messrs. Leadbitter & Harvey, Messrs. Stantoii & Atkinson, Mr. Robt. G. 
Bolam of Berwick, Mr. W. Bolam of Newcastle, Mr. T. J. Armstrong, 
Messrs. Cooper & Goodger, Mr. Thomas Rowell, and Mr. L. C. Lockhart, 
have given access to documents, surveys, and deeds in their possession. 

To Mr. L. C. Lockhart, Mr. Thos. Bosworth, Mr. Wm. Brown of 
Arncliife, Mr. Thomas Taylor, Dr. Arnison, Mr. Geo. Dickinson, Mr. J. P. 
Gibson, and Mr. R. C. Hedley, who have read either the whole or some 
part of the proofs, the Editor desires to express his personal obligation, not 
only for the detection of clerical errors, but for the many valuable emenda- 
tions and notes they have supplied. 


The following clergy, incumbents of benefices, etc., have permitted free 
access to the registers and parochial records in their official custody : the 
Rev. H. A. Betteson of Kirkheaton, the late Rev. C. Bird of ChoUerton, 
the Rev. P. T. Lee of Birtley, the Rev. R. E. Mason of Allendale, the 
Rev. R. Nenci of Great Swinburn, the Rev. F. Pickup of Ninebanks, the 
Rev. F. Richardson of Corbridge, the Rev. W. Sisson of Slaley, and the 
Rev. C. P. Sherman of St. John Lee. 

For full and ready help rendered in constructing the pedigrees, the 
Editor is indebted to Mr. H. F. Burke (Somerset Herald)^ the Rev. E. H. 
Adamson, the Rev. Cuthbert Adamson, Mr. H. A. Adamson, Mr. Lawrence 
Adamson, the Rev. Johnson Baily, the Rev. Matthew Forster, Mr. 
J. T. Howe of the Probate Court in Durham, Mr. Jos. A. Philipson, 
Mr. J. G. Riddell, Mrs. George Ualston Shafto, and Mr. Carrick Watson. 







Preface ... 

List of Illustrations 

Addenda et Corrigenda ... 

Lists of Committee, Guarantors, Donors, and Subscribers... ... xiii 


East and West Commons and Hexham Township ... ... ... i 

The West Quarter ... ... ... ... ... ... ... s 

Whitley Chapel ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 25 

The Low Quarter **... ... ... ... ... ... ... 31 

The Middle Quarter ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 48 

The High Quarter ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 64 

Hexham and Allendale Com.mons ... ... ... ... ... 71 


Allendale Parish ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 74 

Allendale Church ... ... ... ■ ... ... ... ... 77 

Allendale Town Grieveship ... ... ... ... ... ... 88 

Catton and Broadside Grieveship ... ... ... ... ... 93 

Keenley Grieveship ... ... ... . . ... ... ... g6 

The Park Grieveship ... .. ... ... .. ... ... 98 

High and Low Forest Grieveships . ... . . ... ... gS 

West Allendale ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 109 

NiNEBANKS Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... ... iii 

West Allen Grieveship ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 115 


The Parish of St. John Lee ... ... ... ... .. ... 125 

The Church of St. John Lee ... ... ... ... ... ... 127 

Acomb Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 135 

Anick and Anick Grange Townships ... ... ... ... ... 149 

Fallowfield Township ... ... ... ... . ... ... 155 

The Roman Wall... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 160 

Wall Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 160 

The Roman Bridge ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 164 

CocKLAW Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 175 

The Battle of Hefenfelth ... ... ... ... ... ... 176 

CocKLAw Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 180 

Sandhoe Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 198 

Portgate Township... ... ... ... ... ... ... 211 

Vol. IV, b 

Watling Street 
BiNGFiELD Township 
Hallington Township 




Chollerton Parish ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 245 

Geology of Chollerton, Kirkheaton and Thockrincton Parishes ... 246 

Chollerton Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 253 

Chollerton Church ... ... ... ... ... ... -■ 261 

Swinburn and Colwell Township ... ... ... ... ... 272 

West (or Great) Swinburn ... ... ... ... ... ... 272 

Swinburn Castle ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 279 

Colwell ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 289 

Tone and Cowden ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 296 

Whiteside Law Township ... ... ... ... ... ... 301 

East (or Little) Swinburn Townsiiip ... ... ... .. ... 302 

Little Swinburn Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... 302 

Barrasford Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 310 

gunnerton township... ... ... ... ... ... ... 318 

Chipchase Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 329 

Chipchase Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 333 

BiRTLEV Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 351 

HiRTLEY CHIRCH ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 357 

BUTELANI) AND BROOMHOPE TOWNSHIPS ... ... ... ... ... 363 


Kirkheaton Chapel 



Thockrington Parish 
Thockrington Township ... 
Thockrington Church 
Carrycoats Township 
Sweethope Township ... 
Little Bavington Township 


Appendix L 
Appendix IL 
Index ... 





Hefenfelth ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... frontispiece 

Map ... ... ... ... I 

East Window of Whitley Chapel ... ... ... ... ... -.• 25 

Linnels Bridge ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ••■ 3~ 

Inscribed .Stone of Linnels Bridge ... ... ... ... ••• ■•■ 33 

Windows at Dotland Park ... ... ... ... ... ... 4° 

The Queen's Cave at Dipton ... ... ... ... ■•. ... 48 

The Old Chapel of Allendale ... ... ... ... ... ••• 78 

Ninebanks Tower in 1826 ... ... ... ... ... ■.- ••• ''- 

Ninebanks Tower ... ... ... ... .-■ ••• •■• ''4 

The Old Chapel of St. John Lee ... ... ... ... ••■ ••• 130 

Grave Cover at St. John Lee ... ... ... -.■ ... ■■■ '3° 

.Socket of Sanctuary Cross ... ... ... ... ... .-• ••■ '35 

The 'Written Rock' ... ... ... ... .-• ... ••• '55 

Vallum near Portgate ... ... ... ... ••■ .-. ■•• '^i 

Centurial Stone... ... ... ... ••• ••■ ■■• ••■ '64 

.\butment of Roman Bridge ... ... ... •■ ... ... ... 165 

Plan of Roman Bridge ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 166 

Details of Roman Bridge ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 16S 

Ancient Grave at Chollerford ... ... ... ... ... ... 169 

View of Cocklaw Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 181 

Entrance Passage in CockJaw Tower ... ... ... ... ... 1S2 

(jround Plan and Elevation of Cocklaw Tower... ... ... ... ... 182 

Interior of Cocklaw Tower, showing coloured plaster work ... ... ... 184 

Beaufront (c/mi 1826) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 198 

Beaufront (1897) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 206 

Stagshaw Chapel ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 208 

Geological Section at Great Bavington ... ... ... ... ... 249 

„ „ Gunnerton Crag ... ... ... ... ... 250 

„ „ Course of North Tyne at Chipchase ... ... ... 251 

„ „ „ „ '^Vark ... ... ... ... 252 

Ground Plan of ChoUerton Church ... ... ... ... ... 262 

Fonts at Chollerton ... ... ... ... ... •■• ••■ ...263,264 

Interior of ChoUerton Church ... ... ... ... ... ... 264 

Grave Covers at Chollerton ... ... ... ... ••• ••• ••• 265 

View of Chollerton Church in 1826 ... ... ... ... ... 268 

Swinburn Standing Stone ... ... ... ••. ... ■•• ••• 273 

Seventeenth and eighteenth-century buildings at Swmburn Castle ... ... 282,283 

Remains of Colwell Chapel ... ... ... ... ••• ■•• •■• 290 

Little Swinburn Tower in 1828 ... ... ... ■■• ■.• ••■ 302 



Swinburne Seals 

Plan of British Village or Gunner Peak 

Hut Circle on Gunner Peak ... 

The ' Head-house ' of Barrasford ... 

Chipchase, East Front 

Chipchase Tower 

Elevation, Section, and Ground Plans of Chipchase Tower 

Porch at Chipchase Castle 

Mantelpiece at Chipchase Castle 

Querns found near Birtley 

Cup-marked Stones found near Birtley 

Ground Plan of Birtley Church ... 

Chancel Arch of Birtley Church 

Pre-Conquest Stone at Birtley 

Sketch of Birtley Tower 

View of Kirkheaton Chapel in 1828 

Manor (or Parsonage) House at Kirkheaton 

View of Thockrington Church 

Ground Plan of Thockrington Church... 

Chancel Arch at Thockrington Church 

Grave Covers at Thockrington ... 


... 306, 308 







Page 176, line 19, for ' Hefenfeld' read ' Hefenfelth.' 

Page 193, line 2^, for 'the Fermor family' read 'the Fermor and Smyth families.' 
Page 229, Capper pedigree, for ' Horatio,' daughter and co-heiress of James Slade, read ' Horatia.' 
Page 251, line 30, for ' tropozoidal ' read 'trapezoidal.' 
Page 303, line 12, for 'jam' rend 'jamb.' 

Page 369. Since the pedigree of Widdrington (jf Butehind was printed off evidence has been 
discovered to prove that' Henry Widdrington (whose name stands at the top of 
the table) was son of Benjamin and grandson of Sir Ephraim Widdrington. 
Page 419, Shafto Pedigree : 

(a) For 'William Henry Shafto of Little Bavington, son and heir, succeeded to estate on 
death of his uncle, Charles Cuthbert Shafto,' etc., read ' William Henry Shafto 
of Little Bavington, living in 1897, succeeded to estate on the death of his father 
in 1876; married in 1856 Anne Lee, daughter of Francis Valentine Lee of 
Boraston, Salop.' 
(6) For 'Evelyne Shafto' read ' Mary Evelyn Shafto.' 

(c) For ' Sylvester James Green' read 'Reginald George Grene, second son of George 
Grene of Powerstown, Clonmel, married 14th November, 1879.' 


Issued under the Direction of the Northumberland County History Committee. 


The Earl Percy. 

The Bishop of London. 

Major-General Sir Wm. Grossman, K.C.M.G. 

Sir John Evans, K.C.B., F.K.S. 

Watson Askew-Robertson, Esq. 

Cadwallader J. Bates, Esq., M.A. 

Edward Bateson, Esq., B.A. 

Robert Blair, Esq., F.S.A. 

C. B. P. BosANQUET, Esq. 

F. W. Dendy, Esq. 

Rev. Wm. Greenwell, M.A., D.C.L., F.R.S., etc. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Esq. 

Thomas Hodgkin, Esq., D.C.L. 

J. Crawford Hodgson, Esq. 

John G. Hodgson, Esq. 

Richard Welford, Esq., M.A. 

E. G. Wheler, Esq. 

H. J. WiLLYAMS, Esq. 


The Duke of Northumberland. 

The Duke of Portland. 

The Earl Percy. 

Lord Hastings. 

Sir Arthur Middleton, Bart., Belsay Castle. 

Sir James Joicey, Bart., M.P., Longhirst. 

Major-General Sir Wm. Grossman, Cheswick. 

Sir James Laing, Kt., Etal Manor. 

Mark Archer, Esq., Farnacres. 

W. Askew-Robertson, Esq., Pallinsburn. 

Cadwallader J. Bates, Esq., Langley Castle. 

Major A. H. Browne, Callaly Castle. 

The late N. G. Clayton, Esq., Chesters. 

The late Rev. J. Collingwood Bruce, LL.D., 

W. D. Cruddas, Esq., M.P., Haughton Castle. 

W. F. Henderson, Esq., Moorfield, Newcastle- 

Thos. Hodgkin, Esq., D.C.L., Bamburgh Keep. 

J. G. Hodgson, Esq., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Edward Joicey, Esq., Blenkinsopp. 

William Milburn, Esq., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

John D. Milburn, Esq., Barnhill. 

H. T. Morton, Esq., Twizell House, Belford. 

Hugh Tavlok, Esq., Finchley, London. 

Thomas Tavlok, Esq., Cliipchase Castle. 

The Dean and Chapter of Durham. 

R. R. Dees, Esq., Wallsend Hall. 

Mrs. Bateson, Oxford and Cambridge Mansions, 

J. R. Carr-Ellison, Esq., Hedgeley. 


George Dunn, Esq., Woolby Hall, Maidenhead. 
R. S. Faber, Esq., lo, Primrose Hill Road, 

R. LucKLEY, Esq., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Charles Romanes, Esq., Morningside, Edinburgh. 


Adams, W. E., 32, Holly Avenue, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Adamson, H. A., 29, Percy Gardens, Tynemouth. 
Adamson, L. W., Eglingham Hall. 

Adamson, Reverend C. E., Westoe Vicarage, South Shields. 
Adamson, Reverend E. H., St. Alban's Vicarage, Felling. 
Affleck, Robert, Bloomfield, Durham Road, Gateshead. 
Alecock, H. W., Eden House, Gosforth. 
Allan, George, 18, Blackett Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Allan, Thomas, 18, Blackett Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Allen, Edward G., 28, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London. 
Allhusen, Mrs., Beadnell Tower. 

Allison, Col. J. J., C.B., Beaufort, Roker, Sunderland. 
Allison, W., Benton Cottage, Long Benton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Alnwick Reading Room (J. G. Hicks, Librarian), Alnwick. 
Ames-Hind, T. H., Coombefishacre House, New-ton Abbot. 
Ames, Louis E., Linden. 

Amherst of Hackney, Lord, Didlington Hall, Brandon, Norfolk. 
Anderson, Charles, 3, East Parade, Whitley. 
Andrews & Co., Durham. 

Angus, William, Limecroft, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Anthony, James, Percy Park, Tynemouth. 
Antiquaries, Society of, London, 
Antiquaries, Society of, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Archbold, Executors of the late Richard, Bondgate Villa, Alnwick. 
Archer, Mark, Farnacres, Ravensworth. 
Argyll, The Duke of, Inverary Castle, Argyleshire. 
Armstrong, George, The Elms, Gosforth. 

Armstrong, Thomas J., 14, Hawthorn Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Armstrong, W. A., 23, Victoria Terrace, South Shields. 
Armstrong, W. J., South Park, Hexham. 

Arnison, Executors of the late G. N., 5, Tavistock Place, Sunderland. 
Arnison, George, Allendale. 

Arnison, W. C, M.D.,4, Fenham Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Arnison, W. D., M.D., 31, Oxford Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Asher, A., & Co., Berlin. 
Asher & Co., Covent Garden, London. 
Askew-Robertson, Watson, Pallinsburn. 
Astor Library, New York, U.S.A. 
Atkinson, C, Wylam. 

Atkinson, Capt. T. H. H., Angerton Hall. 
Atkinson, T. Henry, Stroma, Monkseaton. 
Atkinson-Clark, G. D., Belford Hall. 



Bailey, G. H., 43, Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square, London. 

Baily, Reverend Canon Johnson, Ryton Rectory. 

Balliol College Library, Oxford. 

Barlow, Joseph, Northumberland Street, Newcastle-upcMi-Tyne. 

Barnes, Mrs., Whitburn. 

Barnett, Edward G., Halton Castle. 

Barnett, Mrs., Bywell House. 

Barnicott & Pearce, Athenaeum Press, Taunton. 

Bartlett, J. M., 2, Benwell View, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Bates, Cadwallader J., Langley Castle. 

Bates, Capt. Loftus, Moor House Hall, near Warwick, Cumberland. 

Bateson, Edward, Cheswick Mall, London. 

Bateson, Miss Mary, 74, Huntingdon Road, Cambridge. 

Bateson, Mrs. A., 12, Oxford and Cambridge Mansions, London. 

Battersea Public Library (per Lawrence Inkster, Librarian), London. 

Baumgartner, J. R., M.R.C.S., 10, Eldon Square, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Beaufoy, Mark, 87, South Lambeth Road, London. 

Beaumont, W. C. B., M.P., Bywell Hall. 

Belk, S. Herbert, Seaton Carew. 

Bell, Henry Oswin, 13, Northumberland Terrace, Tynemouth. 

Bell, Sir L Lowthian, Bart., Rounton Grange, Northallerton. 

Benson, Executor of the late W. R., Hexham. 

Benson, W. J., Allerwash, Fourstones. 

Bertram, J. S., Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Bethell, William, Rise Park, Hull. 

Bible and Tract Depot, 35, Pilgrim Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Bigge, Edward E., Gun Lodge, Knebworth, Stevenage, Herts. 

Bird, H. S., 50, Grey Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Birmingham Library (C. E. Scarce, Librarian), Birmingham. 

Blackett, Sir Edward W., Bart., Matfen Hall. 

Blackett-Ord, Andrew J., Whitfield Hall. 

Blackwell, B. H., 50, Broad Street, Oxford. 

Blair, Robert, F.S.A., Harton Lodge, South Shields. 

Blindell, W. A., Humshaugh. 

Blumer, G. Alder, M.D., State Hospital, Utica, N.V., U.S.A. 

Blyth Mechanics' Institute (per W. R. Nicholson, Librarian), Blyth. 

Bolam, R. G., Berwick-on-Tweed. 

Bools, William Edward, 7, Cornhill, London. 

Booth, John, Shotley Bridge. 

Bosanquet, C. B. P., Rock. 

Boston, Athenaium, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 

Boston, Public Library of the City of, Mass., U.S.A. 

Bowden, Thomas, 42, Mosley Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Bowdon College Library, U.S.A. 


Bowes-Lyon, Honourable F., Ridley Hall, Bardon Mill. 

Bowes-Wilson, T., Enterpen, Hutton Rudby, Yarm. 

Boyd, Executors of the late Geor},'e Fenwick, Moorhouse, Fencehouses. 

Boyd, H. F., ii. King's Bench Walk, London. 

Boyd, William, North House, Longbenton. 

Boynton, Thomas, Norman House, Bridlington Quay. 

Brady, G. S., M.D., Mowbray Villa, Sunderland. 

Braithwaite, W., Bank of England, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Brewis, John, Edinburgh. 

Brown, Mrs. A. W., c/o J. S. Carleton, Esq., Manor House, Newham-on-Severn. 

Brown, R. W. 

Brown, Ralph, Benwell Grange. 

Brown, Robert, Little Houghton. 

Brown, William, ArnclitT Hall, Yorkshire. 

Browne, A. H., Callaly Castle. 

Browne & Browne, 103, Grey Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Browne, Capt. C. E., Brunton, Chathill. 

Browne, Miss, c/o Capt. C. E. Browne, Brunton, Chathill. 

Browne, Mrs. Alex., Doxford Hall. 

Browne, Sir B. C, Westacres, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Bruce, Sir Gainsford, Yewhurst, Bromley, Kent. 

Brumell, Dr. A., Morpeth. 

Brumell, Francis, Morpeth. 

Brumell, George, Morpeth. 

Bulkeley, Reverend H. J., Morpeth Rectory. 

Bumpus, J. & E., Limited, Holborn Bars, London. 

Burdon, A. E., Hartford House. 

Burdon, John G., Enfield, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Burdon, Richard, Heddon House, Wylam-on-Tyne. 

Burdon, Rowland, Castle Eden. 

Burdon-Sanderson, James, Spindleston. 

Burdon-Sanderson, Richard, Waren House, Belford. 

Burman, C. Clark, 12, Bondgate Without, Alnwick. 

Burnaby, General, Southampton. 

Burnett, Miss Eleanor, Hove, Sussex. 

Burton, W. S., 19, Claremont Park, Gateshead. 

Butler, G. G., Ewart Park. 

Buttervvorth, H., & Co., Law Publishers, 7, Fleet Street, London. 


Cackett, J. T., 24, Grainger Street West, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Caldcleugh, John, 4, Church Street, Durham. 

Carlisle, Earl of, Naworth Castle. 

Carlisle Free Library, Tullie House, Carlisle. 


Carr, Cuthbert E., Low Hedgeley, Glanton. 

Carr, Executors of the late Colonel R. E. 

Carr, Frederick R., Lympstone, Exeter. 

Carr, Reverend Canon H. B., Exmouth. 

Carr, Sidney Story, Percy Gardens, Tynemouth. 

Carr, R. Storer, 30, Victoria Square, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Carr, Reverend T. W., Barming Rectory, East Farleigh, Kent. 

Carr, Reverend W. C, The Grange, Jarrow. 

Carr-EUison, Captain J. R., Hedgeley. 

Carse, John Thomas, Amble. 

Cary-Batten, H., Abbots Leigh, near Bristol. 

Carysfort, Earl of, Elton Hall, Peterborough. 

Chadwyck-Healey, C. E. H., Q.C., 119, Harley Street, London. 

Chapman, Hedley, 147, Park Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Chapman, John, Ealesfield House, Corbridge. 

Charlewood, H. C, 42, Grainger Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Charlton, Executors of the late W. Oswald, Hesleyside. 

Charlton, Oswin J., Cains College, Cambridge. 

Charlton, W. L., Chepstow, Monmouthshire. 

Chetham Library, Manchester. 

Chichester, The Bishop of, Chichester. 

Chrisp, L. C, HawkhiU. 

Christ Church Library (per J. Parker & Co.), Oxford. 

Church, W. S., M.D., Woodside, Hatfield, Hertfordshire. 

Clark, G. P., Talygarn, Llantrisant, County Clare. 

Clark, John, i5, Lombard Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Clark, Nathaniel, Beamish Park. 

Clayton, Executors of the late N. G., Chesters. 

Clements, H. J. B., Killadoon, Cellridge, County Kildare. 

Clephan, R. Coltman, Southdene Tower, Saltwell, Gateshead. 

Clutterbuck, Thomas, Warkworth. 

Cock, Alfred. 

Cockerill, S. P., 35, Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, London. 

Coltman, Frances J., g, Atherston Terrace, South Kensington. 

Coltman, James, Woodbine Villa, Heaton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Columbia University Library, New York, U.S.A. 

Conser\-ative Club, London. 

Cooke, H., Benwell Grove, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Cookson, Colonel Fife, Lee Hall. 

Cookson, G. J., Garboldisham Manor, Norfolk. 

Cookson, John Blencowe, Askham Bryan, York. 

Cookson, Norman C, Oakwood, Wylam-upon-Tyne. 

Cooper, R. W., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Corder, Herbert, i, Carlton Terrace, Sunderland. 

Corder, James E., Sunderland. 

Vol. IV. 


Corder, Walter S., 4, Rosella Place, North Shields. 

Cornell University Librarj', Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. 

Cowen, Executors of the late John A., Blaydon Bum. 

Cowen, Joseph, Stella Hall. 

Cox, Dr., 10, West View, Bensham. 

Cox, W. B., Elmgrove Terrace, Gateshead. 

Craig, G. B., Rosehill, Willington-upon-Tyne. 

Cranston, Robert, Parkhurst, Upton Road, Watford. 

Craster, E. C, Beadnell Hall. 

Craster, John, Wellington, Penicuik, Midlothian, N.B. 

Craster, R. G., 50, Cannon Street, London, E.C. 

Craster, T. W., Craster Tower. 

Crawford, Ralph, Collingwood House, Morpeth. 

Crawhall, G. E., 38, Eldon Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Crawhall, Miss Josephine, i, Bentinck Villas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Crawhall, Reverend T. E., Wall-upon-Tyne. 

Crawhall, W. J., 7, St. Stephen's Avenue, Bristol. ' 

Creighton, Robert, Morpeth. 

Cresswell, G. G. Baker, 87, South Lambeth Road, London. 

Cresswell, John, 53, Grosvenor Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Cresswell, John, M.D., Rothbury House, Heaton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Cresswell, Miss J. Baker, Preston Tower. 

Crewe, Trustees of Lord, Bamburgh. 

Crone, Ed. W., Killingworth. 

Cross, William, Dartmouth. 

Grossman, Alexander, Cokenach, Royston, Hertfordshire. 

Grossman, L. M., Goswick. 

Crossman, Major-General Sir W., K.C.M.G., Cheswick House. 

Culley, Reverend Matthew, Coupland Castle. 

Curie, James, Priorwood, Melrose, N.B. 

Cuthbert, Captain Gerald J., Scots Guards. 

Cuthbert, Miss, 87, Lansdowne Place, Brighton. 

Cruddas, Executors of the late Reverend Canon G., Nether Warden. 

Cruddas, W. D., M.P., Haughton Castle. 

D. • 

Dale, Tinlej', Cleadon Meadows, Cleadon. 
Dand, Middleton H., Hauxley Cottage. 

Darley, Reverend B., St. Leonards, New Tunstall, Sunderland. 
Darlington, The Edward Pease Public Librarj'. 
Davidson, John, Belmont House, Haydon Bridge 
Davidson, T., 44, Affleck Street, Gateshead. 
Davidson, Thomas, 339, High Street, Edinburgh. 
Davison, R. S., M.D., Newburn-upon-Tyne. 
' Dees, R. R., Wallsend Hall. 


De Pledge, Cecil F., Sunderland. 

Deighton, Bell & Co., Booksellers, Cambridge. 

Delaval (New) Mechanics' Institute, New Delaval. 

Dendy, F. \V., Eldon House, Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Denison, Joseph, 45, Sanderson Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Derby, The Earl of, Knowsley Hall, Lancashire. 

Dickinson, John, Park House, Sunderland. 

Dickinson, W. B., Healey Hall. 

Dixon, D. D., Rothbury. 

Dixon, John, 80, Hotspur Street, Heaton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Dixon, J. A., 5, Wellington Street, Gateshead. 

Dixon, Reverend Canon R. W., Warkworth Vicarage. 

Dixon, William, Whittingham. 

Dixon-Brown, Reverend D., Unthank Hall. 

Dodd, J. P., I, Newcastle Terrace, Tynemouth. 

Dodd, Michael, Tynedale House, Hexham. 

Dodd, T. R., Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa. 

Dodds, G. H., 16, Thornhill Terrace, Sunderland. 

Dodsvvorth, F. & W., Collingwood Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Donaldson-Selby, G., Camborne House, Bristol. 

Donkin, R. S., M.P., Albemarle, Wimbledon Common. 

Dowson, John, Thorp Avenue, Morpeth. 

Duncan, R., 6, Swan Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Dunn, Archibald, Castle Hill Hall, Wylam-upon-Tyne. 

Dunn, George, Woolby Hall, Maidenhead, Berks. 

Durham Cathedral Librarj'. 

Durham, The Bishop of, Auckland Castle. 

Durham University Library. 


Eamshaw, James, Amble. 

Easton, Miss, Nest House, Gateshead. 

Edinburgh Public Library. 

Edwards, H. S., Byethorne, Corbridge. 

Eland, John, 12, New Court, Lincoln's Inn. London. 

Elliott, Andrew, 17, Princes Street, Edinburgh. 

Ellis, Honble. and Rev. W. C, Bothalhaugh. 

Emley, Fred., Ravenshill, Gateshead. 

Evans, Sir John, Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead. 

Ewart, G. R., Kilanea, Kanai, Hawaiian Islands. 

Faber, R. S., 10, Primrose Hill Road, London. 
Fairbairn, W. A., 33, High West Street, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 
Falkner, J. M., Elswick Works, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Fatherly, J. T., Pilgrim Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 


Fawn, James, & Son, Queen's Road, Bristol. 

Fenwick, Arthur, Kirkley Hall. 

Fenwick, B., 84, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Fenwick, Capt. H. P., 36, Conduit Street, London. 

Fenwick, Capt. John, Tudor Lodge, Wimbledon Common. 

Fenwick, F., Eshott Hall. 

Fenwick, Gerard, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Fenwick, G. A., The Croft, Hillmorton, Rugby. 

Fenwick, G. J., Eton Square, London. 

Fenwick, G. L., Queen's Park, Chester. 

Fenwick, J. C. J., Long Framlington. 

Fenwick, J. G., Moorlands, Gosforth. 

Fenwick, Mark, Meldon Park. 

Fenwick, Mrs. Hugh, Brinkburn Priory. 

Fenwick, Walter, The Abbey, Storrington, Sussex. 

Ferguson, John, Dene Croft, Jesmond Park East. 

Ferguson, John, Duns, N.B. 

Finch, Reverend William, The Monks, Chodderley Corbett, Kidderminster. 

Finch, Reverend W. R., Chatton Vicarage. 

Firth, C. H., Norham Road, Oxford. 

Fisher, Mrs. E., Abbotsbury, Newton Abbot, Devon. 

Foggin, G. G., Leazes Crescent, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Foley, P., Prestwood, Stourbridge, Worcestershire. 

Forster, C. D., 89, Jesmond Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Forster, C. F., 3, Southill, Chester-le-Street. 

Forster, G. B., Farnley Hill, Corbridge. 

Forster, Mrs. J. Douglas, Lintz Green House. 

Forster, J. R., 16, Eslington Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Forster, Lieut.-Col. J. E., Eastnor, Exmouth. 

Forster, Matthew, Bishop Middleham, Ferryhill. 

Forster, Reverend Matthew, Hutton Henry, County Durham. 

Forster, William, Houghton Hall, Carlisle. 

Foster, A. J., Hindlcy Hall. 

Foster, R., The Quarries, Clifton Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Francis, T. Musgrave, Trinity College, Cambridge. 

Francis, Wilham, 20, Collingwood Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Franklin, Reverend Canon, St. Sampson's, Guernsey. 

Franklin, W. E., 42, Mosley Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Gateshead Public Library (per H. E. Johnston, Librarian), Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 
Gibb, Charles J., M.D., Sandyford Park, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Gibson, J. P., Fore Street, Hexham. 
Gibson, Mrs. Colville, Rosgill, Gosforth. 


Gibson, T. G., Lesbury House. 

Gilbert, H. M., 26, Above Bar, Southampton. 

Gillespie, James J., 27, Eslington Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Gillespie, J. R., 112, Manor House Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Gillespie, Thomas, Winton House, Morpeth. 

Godman, Mrs., Smeatoa Manor, Northallerton. 

Gooderham, Rev. A., Chillingham Vicarage. 

Goodger, C. W. S., Tynemouth. 

Gow, Thomas, West Grange, Cambo. 

Grabham, John, Westfield, Gosforth. 

Graham, J. C, St. Thomas' Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Grainger, H. Liddell, Ayton Castle, Berwickshire. 

Grey, Earl, Howick. 

Grey, Sir Edward, Bart., M.P., Falloden. 

Grey, George, Millfield. 

Grey, John, Broomhill, Acklington. 

Grey, Miss E. C. B., Styford Hall. 

Green, R. Y., 11, Lovaine Crescent, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Green, Reverend Charles, Howick Rectory. 

Green, Thomas, Wayneriggs, Humshaugh. 

Greenwell, G. C, Duffield, near Derby. 

Greenwell, Judge F. J., Greenwell Ford, County Durham. 

Greenwell, Reverend William, Durham. 

Gregory, John V., 10, Franilington Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Grieve, James Elliott, 26, Hill Street, Jarrow. 

Guildhall Librarj' (per Charles Welch, Librarian), London. 

Gurney, Rev. H. P., Roseworth, Gosforth. 


Haggerston, E. C, Ellingham Hall. 

Hall, James, Dilston Castle. 

Hall, W. T., Troughend, Woodburn. 

Hamilton, The Ven. Archdeacon G. W. Hans, D.D., The College, Durham. 

Hamilton, H. B. Hans, i. Brick Court, Temple, London. 

Harding, William, HoUyhurst, Darlington. 

Hargraves, W. S., Elm House, South Gosforth. 

Harrison, John, High Willingtou-upon-T3-ne. 

Harrison & Sons, 59, Pall Mall, London. 

Harvard University Library, U.S.A. 

Harvey, H. C, Fern Dene, Ryton. 

Hassell, G. C, 13, Percy Gardens, Tynemouth. 

Hastings, Lord, Seaton Delaval. 

Haswell, George H., Handsworth, Birmingham. 

Hawkesbur)', Lord, 2, Carlton House Terrace, London. 

Haworth, Reverend J., St. Hild's College, Durham. 


Hebeler, F. P., 13, Waterloo Crescent, Dover. 

Hedley, E. A., 8, Osborne Villas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hedley, Miss M. A., Sunniside, Hexham. 

Hedley, R. Cecil, Cheviott, Corbridge. 

Henderson, C. VV. C, The Riding, Hexham. 

Henderson, G. E., i6, Framlington Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Henderson, W. P., Moorfield, Claremont, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Henzell, Charles VV., 6, Northumberland Terrace, Tynemouth. 

Heslop, R. Oliver, 16, Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Heywood, John, Deansgate, Manchester. 

Hill, James L., Bulford Manor, Amesbury, Wiltshire. 

Hills & Co., 6, Fawcett Street, Sunderland. 

Himsworth, Henry, Broomhouse, Beal. 

Hindmarsh, W. T., Alnbank, Alnwick. 

Hinds, H., Queen Street, Ramsgate, Kent. 

Hoare, R. G., Jesmond Park, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hodgkin, Thos., D.C.L., The Keep, Hamburgh. 

Hodgson, J. Crawford, Warkworth. 

Hodgson, J. G., Northern Counties Club, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hodgson, Miss Anne, Warkworth. 

Hodgson, William, Elmcroft, Darlington. 

Holmes, Sheriton, Moor View House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Holmes, William Henry, Wellburn, Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Home, Earl of. The Hirsel, Coldstream. 

Hopper, Charles, Monk-End Terrace, Croft. 

Horsley, Victor, 25, Cavendish Square, London. 

Howe, John James, Sherburn Road, Durham. 

Huggup, Miss Mary, Ulgham Vicarage. 

Huggup, Miss Sarah D., Hauxley Cottage. 

Hughes, G. P., Middleton Hall, Wooler. 

Hughes of Kimnel, H. R., Kimnel Park, Abergele, North Wales. 

Hull Subscription Librarj' (per A. Milner, Librarian), Hull. 

Humble, George, Elswick Grange, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Humble, William Joicey, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hume, Mrs., 4, Ellison Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hunter, Edward, 8, Wentworth Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Hunter, Fred C, 75, Portland Place, London. 

Hunter, John, Bondgate Without, Alnwick. 

Hunter, W. S., Aldwark Manor, Easingwold, Yorkshire. 

Hutton, T. G., 3, The Cedars, Sunderland. 

Hylton-Foster, H., Tolsworth Hall, Surrey. 

I'Anson, W. A., Denton Hall. 

Inner Temple Library, London. 

Irving, John A., Dilston, Corbridge. 

Irwin, Charles, Osborne House, Tynemouth. 



Jefferson, Thomas, Free Trade Wharf, Ratcliff, London. 

Jobling, Henry, Morpeth. 

Johnson, John Robson, Slate Hall, North Sunderland. 

Johnson, Reverend A., Healey Vicarage. 

Johnson, Reverend John, Hutton Kudby Vicarage, Yarm-on-Tees. 

Johnston, G. P., 33, George Street, Edinburgh. 

Johnston, W. H., Edinburgh. 

Joicey, Edward, Blenkinsopp Hall. 

Joicey, Sir James, Bart., M.P., Longhirst Hall. 

Joicey, J., Sunningdale Park, Berks. 

Joicey, Mrs. E. E., Whinney House, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 

Jones & Evans, 77, Queen Street, London. 


Kensington, South, Museum (per T. Saltmarsh, Libr.arian), London. 

Kerr, Reverend W. H., Biddlestone, Rothbury. 

King, Reverend J. R., Oxford. 

King, W. Hartley, Wychbury, Stourbridge. 

King's College Library, Cambridge. 

Knowles, W. H., Wyncote, East Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 


Laing, C. C, 7, Queen's Gate, London. 

Laing, James, Etal Manor-house. 

Lamb, Executors of the late Richard, Old Lodge, Salisbury. 

Lamb, John, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Lamb, W. R., Goldsboro Hall, Knaresborough. 

Lambton, Honourable F. W., Fenton. 

Lambton, R. E., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Laws, C. M., South Parade, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Lawson, Thomas, i, St. Mary's Terrace, Barras Bridge, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Laycock, J. F., Wiseton, Bawtry. 

Leadbitter, Executors of the late Edward, The Spital, Hexham. 

Leather, S. F. T., Middleton Hall, Belford. 

Leather-Culley, Arthur H., Fowberry Tower. 

Lebour, Prof. G. A., Radcliffe House, Corbridge. 

Leyland, C. J., Haggerston Castle. 

Liddell, Charles, Sandhoe High House. 

Liddell, John, Benwell Hall. 

Liddell, Matthew, Cheeseburn Grange. 

Lincoln's Inn, The Honourable Society of, London. 

Lisle, James, Cambrian House, Park Road, Kimberley, South Africa. 

Literary and Philosophical Soc. (per H. Richardson, Librarian), Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Liverpool Free Library (per P. Cowell, Librarian), Liverpool. 


Logan, W., Langlcy Park, Durham. 

London Library (per R. Harrison, Librarian), 14, St. James' Square, London. 

London, The Bishop of, Fulham Palace. 

Long, Reverend Canon H. F., The Glebe, Hamburgh. 

Long, Reverend P., Bamburgh. 

Lord, Riley, Highfield Mall, Gosforth. 

Lowe, Reverend Canon, Haltwhistlc. 

Lovaine, Sir Lambton, Bart., Markyate Cell, near Dunstable. 

Luckley, R., g, Neshaui Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 


MacCabe, Mrs. Charles, Prestonholm, Bonnyrigg, Midlothian. 

Macdonald, A. E., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Mackay, J. & J. S., Hcnild Office, Morpeth. 

Mackey, Matthew, Lily .Avenue, Jesmond. 

Mackey, Matthew, Jun., Milton Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Macmillan & Bowes, Booksellers, Cambridge. 

Main, Alex. J., M.D., Bondgate, Alnwick. 

Manchester Free Library (per C. W. Sutton, Librarian), Manchester. 

Marjoribanks, Dudley S., The Cedars, Gosforth. 

Martin, The Ven. Archdeacon H. J., Eglingham Vicarage. 

Marshall, Col. Anthony, Annstead, Chathill. 

Marshall, Frank, Claremont House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Marshall, F. C. R., Crookfar, Newton Mearns, Renfrew. 

Marshall, R. Dykes, Castlerigg Manor, Keswick. 

Marshall, Thomas, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 

Mason, F. W., Bookseller, Hartlepool. 

Mason, Rev. Canon J. M., Whitfield Rectory. 

Mather, Philip E., St. George's Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Matheson, Thomas, 35, Oldgate, Morpeth. 

Mathwin, G., Crookhill, Blaydon. 

Matthews, R. F., Harehope Hall. 

Matthieson, F. C, Hampstead Heath. 

Maudlen, J. C, 19, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Maudlen, Wm., 7, Salter's Road, Gosforth. 

Maughan, Reverend C. C, Prudhoe Vicarage. 

Mawson, Swan, & Morgan, Grey Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

McDowall, Dr., Morpeth. 

Medd, Mrs., Crofts, Haslemere, Surrey. 

Melville, Viscount, Melville Castle. 

Mercantile Library, New York, U.S.A. 

Messent, F. E., Tynemouth. 

Middle Temple, The Honourable Society of the (per J. Hutchinson, Librarian) 

Middlemas, R., Alnwick. 

Middlemiss, T. W., Homeside, Morpeth. 


Middleton, Henry N., Dissington Hall. 

Middleton, Sir A. E., Bart., Belsay Castle. 

Milburn, Joseph, Highfield, Marlborough, Wilts. 

Milburn, J. D., Barnhili, Acklington. 

Milburn, Wm., 6, Fenham Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Miller, A. L., 8, Ravensdowne, Berwick. 

Milvain, Thomas, East Bolton, Alnwick. 

Mitcalfe, J. S., Percy Park, Tynemouth. 

Mitchell, Charles, Jesmond Towers, Xewcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Moffatt, William, 7, Queen's Gardens, Aberdeen. 

Moore, Charles E., 21, Bondgate Within, Alnwick. 

Moore, Rev. D., Alnmouth Vicarage. 

Morpeth Mechanics' Institute, Morpeth'. 

Morrison, J. G., 15, Haldane Terrace, Newcastle-upon-T3'ne. 

Morrison, Samuel A., 27, Percy Gardens, Tynemouth. 

Mortimer, R. G., Hay Carr, near Lancaster. 

Morton, H. T., Twizell House, Belford. 

Motum, Hill, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Mowbray, Sir John R., Bart., M.P., Warrenes Wood, Mortimer, Berks. 

Mulcaster, Mrs. A. M. I., Benwell Park, Xewcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Mulcaster, W. V., Benwell Park, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Murray, William, M.D., Swinburne Castle. 

Murray-Aynsley, Admiral, Hall Court, Botley, Hants. 

Muschamp, Mrs. Anna J., Berrington House, near Beal. 

Muschamp, W. H., 26, Ovington Square, London. 

Nesbitt, T. T., 12, The Grove, Sunderland. 
New University Club Library, London. 
New York Stats Library, Albany, N.Y., U.S.A. 
Newall, Mrs. Ferndene, Gateshead. 
Newbigen, James L., Greenbat House, Alnwick. 
Newcastle Public Library (per Basil Anderton, Librarian). 
Newcastle Chapter Library. 

Newton, Edward, 25, Grainger Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Newton, Robert, Brookfield, Gosforth. 
Nevin, John, Littlemoor, Mirfield, Yorks. 
Nevinson, B. G., 3, Tedworth Square, Chelsea, London. 
Nicholson, G., 6, Barrington Street, South Shields. 

Noble, Sir Andrew, K.C.B., Jesmond Dene House, Newcastle-upon-Tvne. 
Noble, J. H. B., Jesmond Dene House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
North Eastern Railway Literary Institute, Gateshead. 
Northbourne, Lord, 6, Whitehall Gardens, London. 
Northumberland, Duke of, Alnwick Castle. 
Northumberland, Eleanor, Duchess of, Stanwick Park, Yorkshire. 

Vol. IV. J 


Ogle, 13. Savile, Steeple .Aston, Oxford. 
Ogle, Newton C, Kirkley Hall. 
Oliver, Professor Daniel, Kew. 
Orde, Captain H. P. S., Shoreston Hall. 

Orde, Edwin L., 115, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Orde, John E., ii, Bridge Street, Morpeth. 
Orde, Mrs., Orde House, Morpeth. 
Orde, William, Nunnykirk. 

Ormond, R., 24, Grainger Street West, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Oxford and Cambridge Club, London. 

Park, A. D., Percy Park, Tynemouth. 
Park, P., 52, Collingwood Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Parker, Miss Ethel A., The Elms, Gosforth. 
Parsons, Honourable C. A., Holeyn Hall. 
Pattmson, John, Shipcote House, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 
Patterson, William, 4, Collingwood Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Paulin, G. L., Leeside, Berwick. 
Peabody Institute, Baltimore, U.S.A. 
Peacock, James, 47, West Sunniside, Sunderland. 
Pease, A., 71, Westgate Koad, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Pease, Howard, Arcot Hall. 
Pease, J. B., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Pease, John W., Pendower, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Pease, Mrs. Edwin, Mowden, Darlington. 

Penny, Edward L., D.D., Corzton, Pentillie Road, Plymouth. 
Percy, Charles, Alnwick. 
Percy, Earl, Alnwick Castle. 
Percival, Cecil H. S., Longwitton Hall. 
Perry, Reverend J. M., St. Paul's Vicarage, Alnwick. 
Peters, J. A., 12, Jesmond Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Phillips, Maberley, F.S.-A., 29, Grafton Road, Whitley. 
Philipson, G. H., M.D., 7, Eldon Square, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Philipson, Joseph A., 4, Jesmond High Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Plummer, A. B., Prior's Terrace, Tynemouth. 
Porteous, James, Coldstream. 
Portland, Duke of, Bothal Castle. 
Potts, J., Stanbeck, Workington. 

Potts, Joseph, 13, Windsor Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Procter, Henry, 105, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Pumphrey, Thomas, 6, Summerhill Grove, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Purdie, G. R., Gordon House, Granville Road, St. Albans. 
Purvis, Robert, Jun., 63, King Street, South Shields. 
Pybus, W. Mark, 85, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 



Quaritch, Bernard, 15, Piccadilly, London. 

Queen's College Library (per E. M. Walker, Librarian;, Oxford. 


Ravensworth, Earl of, Ravensworth Castle. 

Rayne, Charles G., High House, Morpeth. 

Reavell, G., Baileygate, Alnwick. 

Reavelly, T., Kinnersley Castle, Letton, Herefordshire. 

Redmayne, R. N., Woodside, Saltwell Lane, Gateshead-uponTyne. 

Redpath, Robert, Daily Journal Office, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reed, Colonel C. J., Dringthorpe, Yorks. 

Reed, Matthew, Monkseaton. 

Reed, Miss A. E., Old Town, Woodburn. 

Reed, Reverend G., Killingworth Vicarage. 

Reform Club Library (per C. W. Vincent, Librarian), Pall Mall, London. 

Reid, Andrew, Sc Co., Limited, Printing Court Buildmgs, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reid, C. L. S., Claremont Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reid, E. O., 15, North Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reid, G., Leazes House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reid, Sidney, 12, Claremont Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Reid, W. B., Cross House, Upper Claremont, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Rewcastle, Cuthbert, 5, Brandling Park, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Rich, Frank \V., Eldon Square, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Richardson, David, The Gables, Elswick Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Richardson, Herbert J., 7, Windsor Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Richardson, Miss C, The Quarries, Newcastle-upon-Tyno 

Richardson, Miss Sarah A., Maidencross, Hexham. 

Richardson, Mrs. A. A., South Ashfield, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Richardson, Wigham, Wingrove House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Richmond, Reverend G. E., Vicar of Bywell St. Andrew's. 

Riddell, J. G., Felton Park. 

Riddell, Sir John, Bart., Hepple. 

Riddle, Charles, Bournemouth. 

Riddle, W. R., Burncroft, Hexham. 

Ridley, Edward, 48, Lennox Gardens, London. 

Ridley, John M., Walwick Hall. 

Ridley, J. P., Bank House, Rothbury. 

Ridley, J. T., Bank, Hartlepool. 

Ridley, Sir Matthew White, Bart., M.P., Blagdon. 

Ridley, T. D., Coatham, Redcar. 

Ridout, A. G., Condercuin, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Ritson, U. A., Jesmond Gardens, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Robertson, Edward C, Otterburu. 

Robertson, James, Dunard, Dowanhill Gardens, Glasgow. 


Robinson, John, 7, Choppitigton Street, Newcastlc-iii)on-Tyne. 

Robinson, J. F., Burnopfield. 

Robinson, Mrs., Kiikby Mallor)- Hall, Hinckley, Leicestershire. 

Robinson, W. H., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Robinson, \V. H., 20, Osborne Avenue, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Robson, Alfred. 

Robson, Colonel Arthur, Falstone House, Roker. 

Robson, Henry, 63, Sandyford Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Roddam, R. J., Roddam Hall. 

Rogers, Reverend Canon P., Simonburn Rectory. 

Romanes, C. S., Ardenlea, Cluny Gardens, Edinburgh. 

Ronaldson, Mrs. J. P., Howick Grange, near Lesbury. 

Row, William, High Stanners, Morpeth. 

Rowbothani, G. H., 11, Wilbraham Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. 

Rowlandson, C, North Bailey, Durham. 

Royal Library (per N. Holmes, Librarian), Windsor Castle. 

Runciman, W., Juii., Fernwood House, Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Ryder, Mrs. W. J. N., Hartford Bridge House. 

Ryott, W. H., 8, Windsor Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 


Salvin, Osbert, Hawksfold Fenhurst, Haslcmere, Sussex. 

Sample, C. H., Matfen. 

Sample, Thomas, Bothal Castle. 

Sampson, R. A., 3, Burdon Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Sanderson, Stephen, The Elms, Berwick. 

Schofield, F. E., Morpeth. 

Scott, John, 30, Mosley Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Scott, R. F., St. John's College, Cambridge. 

Scott, Walter, Holly House, Sunderland. 

Scott, W. H., St. Oswin's, Tynemouth. 

Selby, B. P., Pauston. 

Selby, Oliver, Oakfield, Benwell, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Selby, P. G., Shottou, near Yetholm. 

Selby, W. C, Biddlestone. 

Shafto, Reverend A. Duncombe, Brancepeth Rectory, Connl\' Diirliaiii. 

Shand, Hinton, 39, Holly Avenue, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Shield, Hugh, Q.C., 2, Gray's Inn Square, London. 

Shields, South, Public Library (per T. Pyke, Librarian), South Shields. 

Shields, Mrs. John, Western Lodge, Durham. 

Short, Mrs. M. A., Ashbrooke Road, Sunderland. 

Short, T. B., Ravensdowne, Berwick-upon-Tweed. 

Shotley Bridge Book Club, Shotley Bridge. 


Sidney, M. W., Blyth. 

Signet Library, Edinburgh. 

Silvertop, Mrs. H. F., Seaview, CiishenJall, County .-Vntrini 

Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent, & Co., Ltd., London. 

Simpson, A. W., Alnwick. 

Simpson, Executors of the late J. P., Ravensmede, Alnwick. 

Simpson, John ]5ell, Bradley Hall, Wylam. 

Sion College, Victoria Embankment, London. 

Sisterson, Edward, Eastburn, He.\ham. 

Sit well, Capt. W., Barmoor Castle. 

Skelly, George, ^Larket Place, Alnwick. 

Slater, Rev. Henry, Goathland, Bournemouth. 

Smythe, VV. F., 14, Side, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Smith, Eustace, Benton House. 

Smith, George, Gosforth. 

Smith, H. Crawford, High Cross House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Smith, Honourable W. T. D., 3, Grosvenor Place, London. 

Smith, Launcelot C, 32, St. Mary's Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Smith, Mark, Alnwick. 

Smith, Thos. Taylor, Broadwood Park, Durham, 

Smith, \Vm., Barrasford. 

Sneyd-Kynnersley, H. F., 7, Grosvenor Villas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Snowball, F. J., Seaton Burn House. 

Snowdon, W. F., 32, Side, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Taunton Castle. 

Sotheran, H., & Co., 140, Strand, London, W.C. 

Southern, J. T., Jesmond Gardens, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Spalding, J. T., 22, Villa Road, Nottmgham. 

Spence, C. J., South Preston Lodge, North Shields. 

Spencer, John, Whorlton Hall. 

Spencer, Ralph, Walbottle Hall. 

Spencer, T. W., Newbiggin House, Kenton. 

Squire, Edward, Arnside House, Grosvenor Road, Jesmond. 

Stechert, G. E., 2, Star Yard, Carey Street, London. 

Steel, Thomas, Kensington Esplanade, Sunderland. 

Stephenson, N., 8, Ivy Road, Gosforth. 

Stevenson, A. S., Oatlands Mere, Weybridge, Surrey. 

Stobart, W. CuUey, Spillow Hills, Leeds. 

Storey, Ralph Storey, Beanley. 

Straker, Joseph, Dipton House, Riding Mill. 

Straker, J. C, The Leazes, Hexham. 

Straker, J. H., Howden Dene, Corbridge. 

Straker, Mrs., Stagshaw House. 

Straughan, Thomas, Rennington House, Alnwick. 

Sunderland Free Library, Sunderland. 


Sunderland Literary Society, Sunderland. 

Sutherland, Charles J., M.D., Dacro House, Laygate Lane, South Shields. 

Sutton, Wni., Eskbank, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Swan, H. F., North Jesmond, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Swan, Robert, 7, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, London. 

Swinburne, Sir John, Bart., Capheaton. 

Tate, George, Brotherwick. 
Tate, John, Oaklands, Alnwick. 
Tate, Robert M., 5, Percy Gardens, Tynemouth. 
Tate, Thomas, Allerburn, Alnwick. 
Taylor, Hugh, Finchley Church End, London. 
Taylor, Mrs. Hugh, Finchley Church End. London. 
Taylor, Reverend E. J., St. Cuthbert's, Durliaiu. 
Taylor, Reverend W., Whittingham 
Taylor, Thomas, Chipchase Castle. 

Tempest, Mrs., Broughton Hall, Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire. 
Thew, A. H., Belvedere, Alnwick. 
Thew, Edward, Birling House, Warkworth. 
Thorburn, Henry William, Craddock Villa, Bishop Auckland. 
Thorne, T., Blackett Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Thornton, T., Cornhills, Kirkwelpington. 
Thorp, Reverend Charles F., Beadnell Vicarage. 
Thorp, \V. T., Charlton Hall, Chathill. 
Thorp, Mrs., Dene Head House, Ryton. 
Tidswell, T. H., North Woodlands, Benton. 
Thompson, Arthur, Warkworth. 

Thompson, Executors of the late John, Simonside Lodge, South Shields. 
Thompson, G. H., Baileygate, Alnwick. 
Thompson, Joseph, North Dene, Gateshead. 

Thompson, Joseph, Jun., 6, Eshngton Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Thompson, Mrs. A., Hollyhurst, Winlaton-on-Tyne. 
Thompson, Mrs., Walworth Hall, Darlington. 
Todd, J. Stanley, 39, Percy Park, Tynemouth. 
Tonilinson, W. W., 6, Bristol Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Toronto Public Library, Toronto, Canada. 
Trevelyan, T. R., Netherwitton. 

Tristram, Reverend Canon H. B., The College, Durham. 
TuUy, H. R., Piper's Close, Corbridge. 
TurnbuU, Charles, 41, Bondgate, Alnwick. 
Turnbull, William, 12, Regent Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Tweddell, M. R., Meophan Court, Gravesend. 
Tweddell, W., Chapel House, Walbottle. 
Tynemouth Free Library, North Shields. 



Urwin, R., Sherburn Villa, Fernwood Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Ushaw College Library, County Durham. 

Verulam, Earl of, Gorhambury, St. Albans. 
V'ick, R. \V., Strathmore House, West Hartlepool. 
Vaughan, Reverend A. C, Ingram Rectory. 


Waddington, T. W., Eslington Villa, Saltwell, Gateshead. 

Walker, J. D., log, Osborne Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Walker, Reverend Canon John, Whalton Rectory. 

Wallace, Johnstone, Parkholme, Beech Grove Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Wallis, Owen C, Crackshill Lodge, Kilsby, Rugby. 

Walton, J. G., loo, Malcolm Street, Heaton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Walton-Wilson, J. W., Shotley Hall, Shotley Bridge. 

Warde-Aldam, W., Healey Hall. 

Ware, Harold, Threepwood Hall. 

Waterford, Marquis of. Ford Castle. 

Watson, Dr. Robert Spence, Bensham Grove, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 

Watson, Joseph S., Kensington Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Watson, Thomas Carrick, Glenbrae, Jesmond Park West, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Watson-Armstrong, W. A., Cragside. 

Watts, F. Shadforth, 25, Ashley Place, Victoria Street, London. 

Webb, William, 23, Newgate Street, Morpeth. 

Weddell, Henry Herbert, Bank, Morpeth. 

Weir, Robert S., 31, Linskill Terrace, North Shields. 

Welford, Richard, Thornfield Villa, Gosforth. 

Westmacott, P., Benwell. 

Wharton, John L., Dryburn, County Durham. 

Wheler, E. G., Swansfield House, Alnwick. 

Whitfield, Robert, 5, Bloomfield Terrace, Gateshead-upon-Tyne. 

Widdrington, S. F., Newton Hall, Felton. 

Wightman, Mrs., Lovaine Row, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Wightman, T. W., Denham Green, Trinity, Edinburgh. 

Wilkinson, A., M.D., Tynemouth. 

Wilkinson, Anthony, 25, Princes Gardens, London. 

Wilkinson, W. B., 5, Ellison Place, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Williams, Reverend E., Rennington Vicarage. 

Williamson, Sir H., Bart., Whitburn. 

Williamson, John Arnot, Tynemouth. 

Willoby, E., 24, Ravensdowne, Berwick-upon-Tweed. 

Willyams, H. J., Barndale, Alnwick. 

Wilson, G., 47, Old Elvct, Durham. 


Wilson, Mrs. E. G. C, 9, The Oaks, Sunderland. 

Wilson, William, 6, Osborne Terrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Wilson, William, 40, Hide Hill, Berwick. 

Wilson-Todd, Mrs. W. H., Halnaby Hall, Croft, County Durham. 

Wright, Nicholas I., Beechiield, Morpeth. 

Wood, C. L., Freelands, Forgandenny, Perthshire. 

Wood, Sir Lindsay, Bart., The Hermitage, Chcster-le-Street. 

Woodman, The Executors of William, East Riding, Morpeth. 

Woods, James E., Low Gosforth. 

Woods, William G., North Grimston, York. 

Wooler Mechanics' Institute, Wooler. 

Worcester Public Free Library, Worcester, Mass., U.S.A. 

Wyllie, D., & Co., 247, Union Street, Aberdeen. 

" Y. 

Yale University Library, New Haven, U.S.A. 

York, Dean and Chapter of, York. 

Young, Hugh W., 27, Lauder Road, Edinburgh. 

Young, W., St. Leonard's, Berwick. 

Younger, Mrs. Robert, Elmire House, Heaton Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 



History of Northumberland 



'F HO UGH the limits of the regality of Hexham' have already been laid 
down in the previous volume," a brief recapitulation may fitly preface the 
present chapter. Its constituent parts are as follows : the present parish of 
Hexham, as distinguished from the ancient and larger one, comprising the 
borough and township of Hexham, with the West Quarter; the parochial 
chapelry of Whitley, containing the Low, the Middle, and the High Quarters 
of Hexhamshire ; the parochial chapelry or parish of Allendale, with its 
seven grieveships of Allendale Town, Catton and Broadside, Forest (High 
and Low), Keenley, Park, and West Allen ; and the parochial chapelry or 
parish of St. John Lee, with its ten townships of Acomb, Anick, Anick 
Grange, Bingfield, Cocklaw, Fallowfield, Hallington, Portgate, Sandhoe, 
and Wall. 

The last volume was devoted to the general history of the regality, to 
the priory, and to the town. The present volume will contain the history 
of those rural districts which retain to some extent their ancient dependence 
upon the mother church, though some of them are formed into separate 

' In the regality and manor of Hexham, which includes the whole parish, there are many who hold 
their estates by copy of Court Roll, called copyholders ; as often as these are transferred by mortgage or 
sale, the seller, in whose possession they are, delivers them to the lord of the manor, or his steward, by 
kissing a white rod ; after that the bailiff re-delivers them to the buyer or mortgagee by the same 
ceremony, paying a small acknowledgment to the lord. Sir Walter Blackett; but turbar>', quarries, and 
wood are independent of him. Gentleman's Mag. 1755, pp. 295, 296. ' \'ol. iii. p. I. 

Vol. I\^ I 


The township of Hexham has an area of 5,135 acres, of which, until 
1755, four-fifths remained open and unenclosed. Its northern boundary 
marches 'along the wandering ways of Tyne,' but is so narrowly hemmed in 
by that detached portion of the West Quarter, named Coastley, that only a 
narrow strip runs up to the junction of the waters of the North and South 
Tyne. Some of the farms of the hamlets and farm houses are ancient 
holdings, but the greater number are the result of the joining together of 
allotments made when the commons were divided. The principal residential 
estates are the Beacon, Duke's-house, High Leazes, Okerland, and Sunniside, 
and there are also several residences which stand within their own grounds 
in the vicinity of the town. 

The East Common and the West Common were divided under an Act 
of Parliament,' obtained in 1752, whose preamble recites that Sir Walter 
Blackett was lord of the manor, and that the commissioners of Greenwich 
hospital held the estates of Langhope, Hackford, Bagraw, and Coastley. 
For the purpose of carrying out the Act, the following were appointed 
commissioners : Edward Collingwood of Chirton, George Shafto Delaval of 
Bavington, "William Boutflower of Apperley, Michael Pearson of Newcastle, 
esquires ; John Ord of Newcastle, Samuel Marriot of Morpeth, Hugh Boag 
of Ravensworth, William Robson of Wallington, and John Brown of 
Whitridge, gentlemen. The commissioners were ordered to make a survey 
of the commons ; to allot in one plot contiguous to Yarridge, a full si.xteenth 
part to the lord of the manor for his consent to the division, and to divide 
the remainder amongst the owners of free and copyhold lands and houses, 
according to a schedule of their true rental and value, for the year ending 
31st December, 1752, that is to say : 

As to such persons as are intitled to lands only, or to lands and a house or houses usually farmed or 
occupied therewith as a farm house or farm houses, then in proportion to the whole real yearly value or 
rent of every such fann consisting of land only or land and a farm house thereunto belonging, and 
constituting one farm ; and as to such persons as are intitled to a house or houses, or a cottage or 
cottages only, without any lands thereunto belonging, then in proportion to one-half of the real yearly value 
or rent of such house or houses, cottage or cottages respectively; ana to such persons as are intitled 
both to land and a house or houses, cottage or cottages, now farmed, held, or occupied therewith, but 
which hath been either heretofore held or occupied separately and distinctly from such land at separate 
and distinct rents, or are or is not taken or deemed to be a farm house or farm houses, then in propor- 
tion to the whole real yearly value or rent of such land, and in proportion to a moiety of the real yearly 
value or rent of such house or houses, cottage or cottages respectively, as the same were in the said year 
ending 31st December, 1752. 

' ."Vn Act for enclosing and dividing certain wastes and commons in the manor of Hexham, in the 
county of Northumberland. 26 Geo. II. 


The award when made and executed was to be enrolled by the clerk 
of the peace for Northumberland, and deposited in the office of the 
Manor Court of Hexham, the clerk of the manor being bound to furnish 
a copy after the rate of twopence a sheet of seventy-two words. Two 
parcels of common at Kingshaw Green and Lamb Shield Lane were to be 
sold to defray a debt which had been incurred by the commoners about 
the year 1740 in defending their right of common. The Tyne Green and 
Miln Islands \\ere excepted from the division, and were to be used and 
enjoyed as heretofore. 

The two commons were found to contain 4,150 acres, and the award, 
made 3rd May, 1755, gave 204 acres to the lord for his one-sixteenth; set 
off various public and occupation roads ; appropriated six parcels, containing 
together about 14 acres, for public quarries, \az., Tom Todd's, Oxenrods, 
Hackford bank, Lough Brow, Highford, and Glendue quarries ; two public 
brickyards at Gallowsbank and Hackford bank ; and, then, divided the 
residue in the manner prescribed bv the Act, the total rental upon which 
the division was based being found to be ;^3,4i6 9s. 5d. 

A mile from the East Gate at the top of the steep Gallowsbank, is 
situated Duke's-house in the midst of extensive plantations of oak, beech, 
and pine. It was built about 1873 ^7 the late Edward Backhouse, a member 
of the well-known family of bankers of Darlington. Mr. Backhouse was 
one of the chief citizens of Sunderland, an enthusiastic naturalist, and a 
leadinfj minister in the Societv of Friends. He was author of a work on 
Early Church History, which was published after his death, with some 
additions bv Mr. Charles Tvlor of Brighton. Duke's-house is now the 
property and residence of his widow. It retains in the name its associa- 
tion with the duke of Portland, the heir of the countess of Oxford' and 
of the Ogles. Through the woods is the public footpath to the romantic 
Swallowship on the Devil's Water. A notice of this place is reserved 
for the history of Corbridge parish, of which it is a remote, almost a 
detached, portion. 

On the southern slope of the hill, between the Duke's-house woods 

' In 1752 the countess of Oxford received in allotments of common, 241 acres, proportioned to her 
rental which was returned at £<)?, 17s. 'In the duke of Portland's woods called the East Common, 
near Hexham, grows the upright, deciduous leaved whortle-bcrry or great bilberr\--bush ; the round, 
glossy, farinaceous, bluish-black fruit is esculent and well tasted. In the same wood is the round leaved 
sundew, Ros solis fulio rotiiiuio' [the Drosera rotundifolio of Linnseus]. \\a!L\\s, KorthumbeyIand,\o\.'\. 
pp. 147, 221. 


and the Devil's Water, is the beautiful estate of Sunniside,' beloneine to 
Miss Hedley, whose house is. placed among park-like fields, enriched with 
fine oaks and hollies. To the west is the pleasantlv situated house of 
Okerland, the land belonging to which has been made up by allotments of 
common acquired by the Quaker family of Harriot of Morpeth, who, after 
making it their home until 1793, sold the estate to Nicholas Ruddock. 


Henkv Ruddock of Hexham ; 
buried at Sedgefield (i5). 

Margaret, dausjluer and co-heiress of Thomas Lambton 
of Hardwick ; married I2lh Dec, 1750 (a) ; buried 
4th Feb., 1788 («). 

Nicholas Ruddock of Hex- = Isabel, daughter of John 

ham, attorney, baptised 
27th Dec, 1 75 1 (a); 
purchased Okerland in 
1793; buried 26th Sept., 
181 8, aged 66 (a) ; will 
dated 1st July, 1818 ; 
proved at Canterbury, 
i8th July, 1820. 

Nattrass of Dillehead, 
parish of Stanhope, and 
widow of ... Loraine ; 
married 12th June, 
1777 (") ; died 23rd 
May, 1S32, aged 86. 

I I I I 
Thomas, buried 3rd 

June, 1754 (a). 
John, baptised and 

buried 1755 (")■ 
Margaret, buried 19th 

Jan., 1757 (a). 
.Margaret, ba])tised 

8t'h June, 1768 (a). 

.Mark Ruddock of = 
Sedgefield, sur- 
geon ; baptised 
15th May, 1763 

Henry John Ruddock of Sedge- 
field, surgeon ; died s.p. 4th 
Sept., 1868, aged 63. 

John Ruddock of Oker- 
land and of Hex- 
ham, attorney ; born 
5th Dec, 1780 ; bap- 
tised 9th Oct., 1 78 1 
(a) ; died 6th June, 
■S57i aged 76 ; will 
dated 14th March, 
1S55 ; proved at 
York, 13th July, 

, I 
Nicholas Ruddock; 
of Hexham, at- 
torney ; died 31st 
Dec, 1839, s./>. ; 
will dated 6th 
August, 1839 ; 
proved at York, 
1 8th May, 1S40. 

: Mary, daughter 
of John Plum- 
mer of Pres- 
ton ; married 
22nd May, 
1817 ; buried 
i8th .-^pril, 
1 83 1, aged 
45 («). 

Charles Rud- = 
dock of Man- 
chester ; died 
intestate 20th 
May, 1 86 1, 
aged 72 ; bur- 
ied at Lazay, 
Isle of Man. 


Henry ; buried 
5th March, 

■7S4 («)■ 
.Mark, baptised 
2ist Jan., 

1787 («); 





I I 

Isabel ; married 
John Barras of 
Farnacres, near 
Gateshead, 26th 
Sept., 1816 (a). 

Margaret Rud- 
dock of Oker- 
land ; died 6th 
April, 1867, 
aged 89. 

Clarissa Ashton Ruddock ; married Thomas Margaret Ruddock of Bradford-on-Avon ; 

Crewdson of Hammersmith. unmarried 1861. 

(Parties to sale of Okerland in iS6g.) 

(a) Hexham Register. 

{h) Sharp MSS. Pedigrees, vol. ii. p. 87. 

At the death of the last representative of the family, Okerland (which 
does not derive its name from the oak tree, but from the ochre found here, 
and used by the He.vham glovers) was sold in 1869 to the late Admiral 
Waddilove of the Beacon. 

Adjoining Okerland is the Beacon, formerly known as the Beacon- 
house," now called Beacon-grange. It was purchased from. the Gibsons of 

' Sunniside is built u|) of allotments of common awarded in 1755 to Joseph Toppin of Hexham, sadler ; 
Joseph Lazonby of He.xham, gent. ; George Gibson of Westwood, gent. ; Mary, widow of Anthony Sharp 
of Hexham, cordwainer ; Robert Salmon of He.xham, dyer; and George Pickering of Nunwick! After 
changing hands more than once Sunniside was purchased in 184S by Mr. George Hedley, the father of 
the present owner. - Armstrong's map, 1769. 


Stonecroft by the Carrs of Eshott, and afterwards sold bv them to the 
late Rev. W. J. D. Waddilove.' The High Shield was in 1700,- and for 
long after, the residence of a respectable family named Bell. In 1752 
William Bell was rated at £\(:) for the Wester High Shield, and at /"g 
for the Easter High Shield, and received in respect thereof an allotment of 
common. The house is noted in Armstrongs map of 1769 as the residence 
of 'Mr. Bell.' An inferior kind of fuller's earth was worked here, and was 
exported to Newcastle to be used bv skinners and glovers in dressing and 
colouring leather.' The High Shield now belongs to Mr. Thomas Welford. 
Below is a close, Maiden Cross, of which, in 1729, Joseph Tate died seised, 
and for which, in 1755, the churchwardens and overseers claimed an allot- 
ment of common. Other homesteads are East and West Peterel-tield, the 
Watch Currock, and, at the e.Ktreme west of the township, Glendue. The 
latter, which belongs to Mr. Kirsopp of the Spital, still retains its very 
ancient name, which has the same meaning as Blackdene, Blaydon, and 
Blagdon.'' It occurs in a decision on the 21st March, 1535, in a suit 
depending between John Ridley of Coastley and the township of Hexham, 
touching certain grounds which 'went to the sike called the Glendowe.'" 
At Hudshaw bank and Causey hill are lands belonging to the governors of 
the grammar school, and at Delicate-halP is a small holding belonging to 
the incumbent of Hexham.' 

The names of the persons who for their free or copyhold tenements 
in Hexham township received allotments in the East and West Commons 
will be of interest. Where the place of abode is not attached to the 
allottee's name, Hexham must be understood ; fractions of an acre are 
omitted, and in those cases in which the plot of ground awarded was less 
than an acre, an asterisk is affixed to the name. 

Joseph Adderton, Penrith, tobacconist ; ''■' John Aiston, weaver ; " Mary Aken, widow, 2 ; Barbara 
Allgood, Newcastle, widow, 11; Lancelot .'\lIgood, Nunwick, esquire, 56; Robert Andrews, gentleman, 

' An account of the \Vaddilo\e family is reserved for the parish of Woodhorn, where their principal 
estate is situated. 

- Nov. 4, 1700. Inventory of Robert Bell the elder, of High Sheel, glover, deceased. His apparrell 
and purse, ^5 ; household goods, ^5 ; two kine, £\ ; three . . . ^4 ; a parcel of hay, £}, ; debts owing 
to the deceased, ^40 ; total, £(:)\. The funeral expenses were ^10. Raine, Tc%t. Ebor. 

' Wallis, Northiimbcrlaud, vol. i. p. 42. ' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 400. 

* Greenwich Hospital Deeds, Coastley, No. 4. 

'Wallis, writing in 1769, notices that on the moor edge, near Delicate-hall, there was a plentiful 
growth of the procumbent, perennial-leaved whortleberry. ]'acciniiim uhginosiim, 'whose bitter leaves used 
in the form of tea are accounted good against rheums and distillations of the head.' Northumberland, 
vol. i. p. 147. ' \'ol. iii. p. 258. 


15; Thomas Andrews, clerk, 10; Francis Armstrong, yeoman, 4; William Armstrong, butcher, 7; 
William Armstrong, merchant, 3; Elizabeth his wife, for a moiety of freehold, late the property of 
William Ord, gentleman, deceased ;=•■ Joseph Atkinson, miller, 12; George Atkinson, miller, 9; Henry 
Atkinson, Haydon Bridge, husbandman, i ; William Atkinson, jniller, 8 ; John Aynsley of Threepwood, 
esq., 62. 

John Bates, Aydon White house, l ; Mary his wife, 17; Anthony Baxter, Lowless hill, feUmakcr, 3; 
Thomas Baxter, hatter, 20; Christopher Bell, tanner, 31 ; Cuthbert Bell, tanner, 3 ; Elizabeth, widow of 
John Bell, butcher, 3 ; George Bell, yeoman, 5 ; John Bell, butcher, 2 ; John, son of William Bell, glover, 
deceased;- John, son of John Bell, tanner, deceased, i; Joseph Bell, Ebchester, barber;- Robert Bell, 
skinner and glover, 4; Ann, his wife, for Woodley-field, i ; William Bell, High Shield, gentleman, 24; 
Joseph Bewick, weaver;- Stephen Bewick, weaver, 6 : Sir Walter Blackett, bart., for all his lands and 
exclusive of his allotment as lord of the manor, 432 ; David and Thomas Brown, Uilston, husband- 
men, 15; Richard Brown, Newcastle, cooper, 2; John Brown the younger, skinner and glover, 4 ; Jane 
Brough, Newcastle, widow;* Martha Burrell the younger. Broom Park, spinster, i. 

Ann Carr, Newcastle, widow, 4; Henry Carr, shoemaker ;'' John Carr, Knaresbrough, gent., i; 
Matthew Carr, shoemaker, 44; Matthew Carr, joiner, 8; William Carter, wheelwright;- Edward 
Charlton, Reedsmouth, esquire, 7; Edward Charlton, mercer, 18; Hugh Charlton, yeoman, 5; Isabel 
Charlton, Whitfield, spinster, 4; John Chisholm, cooper, 2; Jane Clark, widow, I; James Clark, New- 
castle, merchant, 3; John Clavering, London, esquire, for Wester Hole-house, 5 ; John Cook, shoemaker, 
15; John Cook, mason, I; Joseph Cook, skinner, 2; Jane Cotesworth, Hermitage, widow, 15; John 
Craigg, Haydon, gent., for Summerrods, 7 ; Mary Craig, Corbridge, widow, I ; James Craswell, barber, 
3; Cuthbert Crozier, butcher, i ; William Crozicr, butcher, 4; George Cuthbertson the elder, Newcastle, 
esquire, 75. 

John Davison, thatcher, 7; James Dinning, carpenter, 3 ; Bartholomew Dixon, Winton hall, West- 
moreland, gent., 33; Walter Dixon, butcher, 5; John Dobson, surgeon, i; Robert Dodd, barber, 16; 
Thomas Dodd, shoemaker, i ; William Dodd, shoemaker, 3; Shafto Downs, gent., 20; Thomas Dowson, 
hatter, 3; John, son of John Dryden, skinner and glover, deceased, I. 

Richard Ellis, gent., 30; Ann Elliot, widow, 2; William Elliot, yeoman;* John English, currier, 14; 
John Errington, skinner and glover, i ; Peter Errington, skinner and glover, 7 ; James Ewart, linen- 
draper, 30. 

George Fairiamb, Hairlaw, yeoman;* Matthew Fairlamb the younger, skinner and glover, 4; 
William Fairweather, weaver, i; John Fenwick, London, tanner, 3; John Fenwick, son of William 
Fenwick, deceased, tanner, 77; William Fenwick, tanner, 17; Henry Fenwick, linendraper, 2; John 
Forbes, merchant, 9 ; Martha, wife of William Forest, maltster, 16. 

Thomas Garland, gardener, 1 1 ; George Gibson of Westwood, husbandman, 46 ; James Gibson of 
Great Whittington, gent., 32 ; Joseph Gibson, mason ; * Joshua Gibson, shoemaker, 2 ; Richard Gibson, 
currier, I; Thomas Gibson, Stonecroft, gent., 12; William Graham, clerk, 11 ; Greenwich hospital 
commissioners, for Coastley, Langhope, Baggraw, and Hackford, 276; John Grey, wheelwright, 2; 
Hannah his wife, 2. 

Michael Harbottle, Anick Grange, husbandman, 10; Margaret, wife of Ralph Heppell, glazier;* Ann 
Heron, widow, i ; Isabella Heron, Gateshead, widow, 34; Jane, daughter and heiress of Robert Heron, 
Newcastle, merchant, deceased, for her lands at Summerrods, ' the Snape,' 94 ; Jane Heslop, Morpeth, 
widow, 3 ; governors of Hexham grammar school for Hudshaw 2 a. i r. 6 p., for almhouse 2 r. 32 p., 
for free school house l a. 3 r. i p. ; Hexham curacy for lands at Delicate-hall and Smelting Sike, 6 ; 
Hexham lectureship;* Hexham churchwardens and overseers, i; Hexham poor-house, i; William 
Hewson, surgeon, 24; Margaret Hope, widow, 2; George Hubbuck, mason, i; Jane and Elizabeth 
Hubbuck, spinsters, 3; Thomas Hubbuck the elder, hatter, 6; Thomas Hubbuck the younger, hatter, 
3; Thomas Hudson, merchant, 2; Richard Hunter, Chollerton, 16; Elizabeth Hutchinson, widow, 1. 
Robert Ilderton, gent., 12. 

John Jackson, weaver;* Thomas Jackson, mason, 5; Elizabeth Jaques, London, spinster, 9; Robert 
Jefferson, shoemaker, 5; Thomas Jefferson the elder, tanner, for High Barns, etc., 58: Thomas 


Jefferson, surgeon, 27; John Joblin, Broxbushes, husbandman, 12; Ann Johnson, widow 52; Edmund 
Johnson, tanner, 15; Edward Johnson, skinner and glover, i; John Johnson, tanner, 53; Sarah Johnson, 
London, spinster, 2 ; Mary Johnson, widow, 26. 

Edward Kell, 2; Thomas Kirkley, mason, 3; Dorothy and Isabel Kirsopp, spinsters, 7; John 
Kirsopp, merchant, 8; Matthew Kirsopp, tanner, 44; Wilkinson Kirsopp, tanner, 74; William Kirsopp, 
gent., 96. 

Matthew Leadbitter of Warden, gent., 2 ; Joseph Lazonby, gent., 17 ; and for moiety of freehold, 
late Wm. Ord, deceased, 3; Jane, wife of Cjeorge Leadbitter, tanner, 3; John Leadbitter, sadler, 
7; John Leadbitter, Wharmley, husbandman, 4; Joseph Leadbitter, shoemaker, 3 ; Nicholas Leadbitter, 
the Bush, husbandman, 2; William Leadbitter, Houtley, husbandman, 14; Ann Ledgard, Newcastle, 
spinster, 5; Ann Lee, widow, 3; Anthony Lee, Newcastle, tidewaiter, 3; Jane Lee, widow, 3; James 
Lee, Newbrough, husbandman, 2; Margery Lee, widow, 4; Nicholas Lee, surgeon, 10; Thomas Lee, 
joiner, 15 ; George Lee, butcher, 5 ; William Lee the younger, Acomb, husbandman, 2 ; Lancelot Liddell, 
skinner and glover, 18; do. for allotment made to, and purchased from, Elizabeth Leadbitter, 3; 
Richard Lishman, joiner, 3 ; Robert Lowes, gent., 81. 

Sarah, wife of Thomas March, i; George Marshall, Wall Town, esquire, 17; Thomas Marshall, 
joiner, 2; John Mason, weaver, 16; Joseph Mason, weaver;* Thomas Mason, weaver, i; John 
Maughan, skinner and glover, 29; Simon Mewburn, Acomb, gent., 7; Elizabeth Midford, widow, 2; Sir 
Ralph Milbank, Halnaby, for his lands at the Bush, 255 ; Mar)', wife of Ambrose Miller, Shinkley, co. 
Durham, gent., 12. 

Elizabeth Newton, widow, 4; William Newton, for the Birks, I; Thomas Nicholson, Barrasford, 
husbandman, 2 ; William Nixon, shopkeeper, 3. 

Margery, wife of William Olivant the younger, butcher;* Jane Oliver, widow, 13; William Oliver, 
butcher, i ; Thomas Ord, surgeon, 3 ; Henrietta Cavendish Holies, countess dowager of O.xford and 
Mortimer, 241 ; Henry 0.\ley, husbandman.* 

Thomas Parker, Whitesmocks, yeoman, 10; Jane, wife of William Parker, the Shaw, 2; Matthew 
Carr, Abraham Bunting, John Bell, and William Lee for tenement in the possession of the Rev. 
Benjamin Peile, 7 ; Thomas Patison, Caton, Lancashire, yeoman ; * Katherine Philipson, widow, i ; 
George Pickering, Nunwick, gent., 4 ; James Porteus, gardener, 2 ; Dorothy Pimcheon, widow, 4. 

Margaret, wife of William Raven, tanner (25 + 5 = ) 30; John Ramshaw, barber, 4; Reginald 
Redchester, butcher;* James Renwick, gardener;* Robert Renwick, gardener, 5; John Rewcastle, 
I ; Edward Ridley of Burnhouse, husbandman, i ; Ralph Ridley, Newcastle, merchant, 2 ; William Ridley, 
barber, 5 ; Nicholas Roberts, Hexham abbey, esquire, 14 ; Ann, widow of Robert Robson, butcher, 6 ; 
Hector Robson, tailor;* Matthew Robson, dyer, i; Matthew Robson, tanner;* Robert Robson, 
butcher, 3; Thomas Robson, mason, 17; William Robson, shoemaker, 2; William Robson, mercer, 14; 
John Rowell, Matfin Moorhouses, husbandman, j ; Philip Rowell, weaver, 2 ; William Rowland, 
hatter, 2. 

Robert Salmon, dyer, 85 ; George Scott, carpenter ;* William, son and heir of Joseph Scott, gardener, 
deceased ;* Mary Sharp, widow, 5 ; Thomas Sharp ;* George Shaw, Ingleton, feltmaker ;* Edward 
Sleigh, Harper Town, yeoman ;* John Soulsby, Newcastle, merchant, 2 ; William Spoor, butcher, 7 ; John 
Stall, shoemaker;* William Stawpert, Howshill, husbandman, 13; Peter Story, gardener, 11; Margery 
Stokoe, Humshaugh, widow, 4; Michael Stokoe, skinner and glover;* Thomas Stokoe, merchant, 3; 
William Stokoe, skinner and glover, i ; Sarah Stokeld, widow, 5 ; Catherine, daughter of William Stubbs, 
shoemaker, deceased, 5; Barbara Studholme, widow, 2; Cuthbert Swinburn the elder, tailor, 6; John 
Swinburn, clockmaker, 6. 

John Tate, tanner, I ; William Tate, Morpeth, shoemaker, 2 ; Edward Taylor, staymaker, I ; John 
Taylor, whitesmith, 15; Samuel Teasdale, dyer, 13; George Thompson, Langley castle, husbandman, 4 ; 
Ralph Thompson, butcher, i ; William Todd (Land ends), husbandman, i6; Joseph Toppin, sadler, 22; 
Dorothy, wife of Robert Trueman, barber, i ; Henry Tulip, Fallowfield, gent., 20; John Turnbull, black- 
smith, 2 ; Margaret, wife of John Turner, yeoman, 2; Joshua Turner, innkeeper, 8; Isabel, his wife, lo; 
Ann Tweddell, widow, 16; John Tweddell, hatter, 2. 


William Usher, Delicate-hall, yeoman, 7. 

Robert \'azie, gent. ;'•'■ William \'azie, gent., 5. 

Judith, wife of John Wailes, Eachwick, yeoman, 2; Thomas Wailes, 2; Richard Wallas, tanner, 2; 
Edward Wilson, shoemaker, 3; Robert Wilson, shoemaker, i ; .4nn Winship, widow, 19; William Wood, 
shoemaker, 3; Bridget Woodell, widow, for Orchard Gap, i ; for the Seven Roods, 4 ; Henry Wooler, 
wheelwright, 5 ; Mary Wray, widow, I. 

Clare Younger, widow;'' Robert Younger, shoemaker;'-' Thomas Younger, shoemaker, i. 


The restricted use of the term Hexhamshire to the four townships of 
High, Middle, Low, and West Quarter does not seem to date from an 
earlier period than that of James I., previous to which the district was 
known as Newlands' and Rowley ward, w^iile the wider term w^as used 
as co-extensive with the regality or libertv. The Rowlev burn, which 
traverses and drains the district, mav account for the second part of the 
designation, but no hamlet called Newlands is within its borders. 

The survey of 1608 retains both the old and the modern designation, 
but does not recognise the present division into ' Quarters.' If the latter 
owe their origin to the operation of the Poors Law Act of Charles H., the 
statute must have been adopted and put in force at once, for we find in the 
Rate Book of 1663 the entries arranged under the four Quarters.' 

The West Quarter, which was separated from the other three townships 
in 1764, when thev were formed into a separate chapelry, has had, during 
this century, a population'' varying from 121 in 1801 to 311 in 1841. It 
ranges from 500 to 800 feet above sea-level, and has a rateable value of 
:^3t357- The whole area contains 4,483 acres, but nearly one-half is cut 
off in four detached portions, viz., Coastley, 1,772 acres; Summerrods, 
15 acres; Yarridge, 350 acres; and Hall Shield, 15 acres. 

' From ' the forest of Newlands,' the following were the persons appointed to go to Berwick ' in the 
tyme of necessite when they be cald upon': George Hurde or his father, John Hurde of the Hones, 
Henry Stocoo, Hob. Grcnc, RoUandc Rcdcshawe, Sande Armstrang, Thorn. .Armstrang, Thom. Robson 
or his son, Richard Swaldalc, Willm. W'hitehede, Gyb Erington or a man for hym, Thomas RoUandc or 
his broder, Thomas Erington or a man for hym. State Papers, Henry VUl. vol. v. 68i. 

'' No order of the justices has been found, but the follow-ing case which occurs much later maybe 
analogous : The parish of Bywell St. Peter having so great a number of poor that it was not possible for 
two churchwardens and two overseers to do the business of the parish, obtained an order of the justices 
at the Midsummer Quarter Sessions of 1719 to divide the parish into four wards, viz., Bywell ward, 
Newton ward. New Ridley gricveship, and the Far Quarler, each of which divisions was to return one 
churchwarden and one overseer, and to maintain the poor w-ithin its own bounds. Sessioiis Records. 

The parish of Ryton in the county of Durham was administered in Quarters in and before 1593, each 
division electing one churchwarden. 

' The Census Returns are : 1801,121; 1811,267; 1821,243; 1831,248; 1841,311; 1851,262; 1861, 
257 ; 1871, 235 ; 1881, 209 ; 1891, 196. 


The most important place within the West Quarter is the sub-manor 
of Coastley, which has Langhope, Bagraw, and Hackford for dependencies. 
The hamlet lies below the Langhope dene, on the left bank of the West 
Darden burn/ which, after flowing through Coastley dene, enters the Tyne a 
little above West Boat. Coastley possessed three fords over the river, whose 
importance is shown in the Order of the Watch in 1552. ' Every ward shall 
watch the three fords" under Cosely their course, one month from time to 
time changing at the month's end'; they shall 'be watched nightly bv three 
men of the inhabitants of Hencottes ward and Cosely, the Westwood-house, 
and the Spittell.' Amongst the setters and searchers was John Ridley of 

The earliest mention of Coastley is in a charter by which Geoffrey 
Plantagenet, archbishop of York,* granted it to Robert Bertram, to be 
held in right hereditary, paying for rent 35s. yearlv, and rendering the 
accustomed services." Soon afterwards, in 1236, the prior and convent of 
Hexham granted to Adam Bertram, son of Robert Bertram, and his heirs, 
the right to have a mill at Coastley or Langhope, together with the right of 
moulter on his lands there as well as from the new land which he had obtained 
bv grant from Archbishop Gray. For this he was to pav a yearly rent of 4 
marks of silver to the priory, and one pound of pepper, or 8d. in lieu thereof.'' 

Of the Bertram family who thus came into possession of Coastley, 
nothing is known. It is not, however, improbable that Roger Bertram,'' 
mentioned in the inspeximiis of 1298 as having given to the priorv two 
fisheries in the Tyne and a place for drying nets at Dripinttell'' and Foul, 
may have been connected with them. The Subsidy Roll of 1295 for the 
regality does not contain the name of any member of the Bertram family, 
but there is mention made of Roger de Cocelev, who contributed the sum 

' In 1 552 Darnburneyes was ordered to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Coseley, 
etc. Nicolson, Border Latvs, p. 172. 

■ Two centuries later it was said of the Hexham fords, 'the floods after rains and sudden thaws of 
snow sometimes come down so hastily, that they surprize and drown the passenger in an instant, or else, 
which sometimes happens, force him to take refuge on an islet, where he is at leisure to lament his situation, 
till the danger is over.' Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 93. The suspension bridge at the hamlet of 
West Boat replaces the .ancient manorial ferry, and makes the fords no longer necessary ; it was erected 
in 1826 under the direction of Captain Samuel Brown, R.N. 

'■' Nicolson, Border Lau-s, pp. 172, 173. Cf. in the night watches at the fords of the river of Tyne. 
Border Survey, 1541. 'At a forde called Crosseley (siV) bume fote ij, at a forde nere thereunto called the 
Rakes ij, at the forde called the ov' Warden forde ij, at the forde called nether Warden forde ij.' Hodgson, 
Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 240. ' He was archbishop from August 18, 1 191, to December iS, 1212. 

' Greenwich Hospital MSS. Coastley, A. No. 3. 

' Ibid. No. 4. The same grant conveys lands in Grotenden and Todderig which Robert the father and 
Varedus the grandfather of .^dam had held. ' Quer\-, Dripenstell. Vol. iii. p. 141. 

Vol. IV. 2 


of lis/ The family had apparently been settled at Coastley only a short 
time previous to this date, though it is possible they were Bertrams who had 
assumed the name of their estate. In 1289 there is mention of Robert, son 
and heir of Elena de Cosceley. Though the Coastley family evidently took 
its name from the place, they cannot, at least under that name, have been in 
possession of the manor for more than 100 years, and during this period 
references to them are few. In 1324, Archbishop Melton wrote to his bailiff 
saying that John de Cosselay owed him i i6s. 8d. annual rent for the land he 
held in Hexhamshire. The debtor pleaded, however, that he had been in 
ward during his minority, and had nothing with which to meet his liabilities. 
He therefore asked that he might be allowed to sub-let his land to various 
tenants, who would build upon, and cultivate it, so that he might gradually 
repay the archbishop out of the rents he would thus receive. The request 
was granted." 

The scheme devised by John of Coastley for relieving himself of his 
liabilities was not perfectly successful, and in 1331 he was again in difficulties. 
Upon this occasion the archbishop remitted to him his arrears of the ferm, 
amounting to ^'10 8d., as a concession to his necessities.' On the 22nd of 
April, 1337, John of Coastley was succeeded by his son, of the same name.^ 
The new tenant in 1347 was engaged in a quarrel with the prior of Hexham 
about some cattle which he alleged the latter had taken from him. The bailiif" 
of the regality was ultimately empowered to settle the dispute,- but no 
record of his judgment or of the details of the case has been found. Soon 
after, at the beginning of the year 1350, the second John of Coastley died. 
The inquisition states that on the dav of his death John of Coastley and 
Cecily his wife were seised of the manor of Coastley and its appurtenances, 

' Vol. iii. p. 33. 

-' ' Willelmus, etc., Thome de Fetherstanh' ballivo nosti'o de Hext' salutem, gratiam et benedic- 
tionem. Quia Joliannes de Cosselay tenetur nobis in annuo redditu cxvjs. et octo denariorum ut creditur, 
pro terris quas de nobis tenet infra libertatem nostram de Hext', idemque Johannes se asserit fuisse in 
custodia hucusque ratione minoris etatis sue, propter quod nichil habet, ut dicit, unde ad pra^sens dictum 
redditum cum arreragiis nobis solveret ut tenetur, et ideo nobis supplicavit quatinus velimus ipsiini 
pcrmiltere tenentes recipere ut in dictis terris suis edificare valeant ac etiam habitare, ita videlicet quod 
quicquid colligi poterit de dictis terris et tenentibus nobis in partem dicti redditus persolvatur. Nos vero 
precibus suis favorabiliter annuentes volumus et tibi injungimus quatinus peticioni pra;dicte visis presenti- 
bus condescendas ; ita tamen quod quicquid preveniat de tenentibus et terris predictis cum pertinenciis 
earum nobis pro diclo redditu persolvatur, et quod arreragia computentur et de eisdem nobis plenius 
satisfiat. \'ale. Datum apud Thorp prope Eboracum iiij Nonas Decembris, anno gratia; m° ccc'"" xxiiij et 
pontificatus nostri octavo [2 Dec, 1324].' York Rt-gistfis, Melton, f. 419 a. ' Ibid. {. 29 a. 

' Ibid. 439 a. ' 22 Apr. anno pent 20. A breve clausum de morte antecessoris addressed to the bailiff 
of Hexham, John, son of John de Coceleye, to show before Masters Thomas de Lelhom, Adam and John 
de Corbrig, and others, that his father at the day of his death was seised of a messuage in He.xham, and 
that the said John is his next heir. .A-pprobatum.' ' Ibid. Zouche, f. 295 a. 


together with the mill there, to which Hackford and Langhope owed suit. 
The manor was held of the archbishop of York, at a rent of 38s. 5|d., and 
the tenant was bound to appear at the archbishop's court at Hexham every 
three weeks. The manor was worth loos. per annum. They were also seised 
of five burgages in Hexham, which they held of the archbishop at a rent of 
i6d. a year, and which were worth 2S. yearly. John of Coastley, father of 
the John lately dead, and Johanna, his wife, had been enfeoffed of the manor 
of Hackford by Robert de Hacforth, and they held it of the archbishop of 
York at a rent of £4 a year, but it was then hardly worth so much.^ 

The second John of Coastley left no son, and was succeeded by his 
daughter, Johanna. Provision was made immediately after for John's widow, 
Cecily, who was a daughter of Ralph Surtees. She was not satisfied with the 
portion assigned to her, and on the 23rd of July, 1350, the bailiff was 
directed to require her to give up all documents connected with the manor, 
and _^20 of the goods and chattels of her late husband, which she refused to 
surrender. On the 19th of August of the same year^ the bailiff ordered her 
to give up to John, prior of Hexham, 4 marks rent in Hexham and Green- 
ridge, of which she had unlawfully dispossessed Thomas de Appleton, late 
prior of Hexham.' 

The ultimate fate of Cecily de Coastley* and her daughter, Johanna, is 
unknown, but it would seem that after their deaths the manor of Coastley 
reverted to the archbishop. A grant was made on the 26th of August, 1385, 
by Archbishop Nevil to John de Clavering of all the lands and tenements of 
Coastley, Langhope, Hackford, and Bagraw, including Coastley-rawe*^ in 
Hexham, being the possessions of the late John of Coastley. The lands and 
tenements were to be held during the archbishop's life, and the tenant was 
to give a rose every year as his rent.*" 

' York Registers, Zouche, f. 296 b. - Ibid. f. 296 b. 

" Thomas de Appleton died in 1345. It is curious that this grievance should have been rexived 
so long after his death. 

' 20th May, 1360. William de Kerdale, the prior, and the convent of Hexham demise to Cecily, who 
had been the wife of John de Coceley, all the multure of a certain tenement of Langhope and Costeley 
of all manner of grain growing there for her life ; the rent for the three first years to be 6s. Sd., and 
13s. 4d. yearly afterwards. Greeuii.'ich Hospital Deeds, Coastley. 

" The street in Hexham now called Fore Street. 

'■ 'Alexander permissione divina archiep. Ebon, etc., noveritis nos dedisse Joh.anni de Clavering militi 
et haeredibus suis, omnia terras et tenementa nostra de Coscele, Langhope, Hackeford, et ISagrawe cum 
omnibus illis terris et tenementis cum pert, in Ilcxtildcshamc vocatis Coscelerawe infra libcrtatcm manerii 
de Hextildesham. Quae quidem tenementa aliquando fucrint Johannis de Coscele, et quae quiilcm terrae 
et tenementa in manus nostras devenerint ; habenda ad terminum vitae nostrac. reddendo inde annuatim 
unam rosam. Apud Novum Castrum sujier Tinam, die sabbati proximo post festum .Assumpcionis H.AL 
13S5 (26 .Aug.). Confirmata per Capit. Lbor., Sep. xx", 1388.' A'1,1,'. Test. Dec. et Ciipit. Ebor. f. 92 b. 


When mention of Coastley next occurs in 1397, it is in the hands of 
Richard de Scolachife' and Alice his wife, the daughter of Ralph Surtees. 
It seems certain that the Ralph Surtees who is here mentioned is the same 
Ralph Surtees who is named in the inquisition of 1350 as the father of Cecily, 
widow to John of Coastley, and that Cecily and Alice de Scolacliffe were 

The new owners of Coastley did not long remain in possession of the 
manor. Richard de Scolacliffe seems to have died between 1406 and 141 o, 
for a charter dated 24th May, 1406, is the last that bears his name in 
conjunction with that of his wife Alice,-' and in the charter of June i6th, 1410, 
referred to subsequently, Alice de Scolacliffe acts alone. The only issue of 
this marriage, a son John, was awav from home, and apparently his family 
had long been without news of him, so that they despaired of ever seeing 
him again. Consideration of these facts induced AHce de Scolacliffe to make 
over all her property to her cousin Nicholas de Ridley of Willimoteswyke 
in the parish of Haltwhistle on the i6th of June, 14 10. Ridley was to pay 
his cousin an annuity of 7 marks of silver, and there was a provision 
that if at any time his kinsman John should return from the distant parts to 
which he had gone, the whole of the property was to be at once handed 
over to him.' This agreement had been made without the knowledge or 

' Greenwich Hospital Deeds, Coastley, A. No. i. The family was connected with the place of the 
same name in the county of Diuham. - Ibid. E. No. i. 

' '.Sciant presentes et fiituri quod ego Ahcia de ScolacIifT fiHa Radulfi Suites dcdi concessi et hac 
prescnti carta mea indcntata confirmaui Nicholao do Kcddelcy de WyHimoteswyk consanj^uinco nieo 
nianerium de Cosley, Hakford, et Langhope cum pert, in Hexhamschyre, necnon sex den;iiios redditus 
cxcuntes de burgagio quod .Simon Pioktor tenet de me in villa de 1 lextildesham, sexsolidos octo denarios 
ledditus excuntes de vno burgagio quod Thomas \'lquam tenet de me ibidem, tres solidos iiij denarios 
redditus exeuntes de vno burgagio quod Wills. Fox tenet de me ibidem, sex solidos redditus cxcuntes de 
vno burgagio quod Joh. \'lquam tenet de me ibidem, quinque solidos redditus exeuntes de vno burgagio 
quod Joh. Robinson tenet de me ibidem, necnon quinque solidos redditus exeuntes de vno burgagio quod 
Joh. Acum tenet de me in eadem villa. Habend. et tenend. predictum nianerium, terras et tcnementa cum 
pert., necnon predictis redditus exeuntes de burgagiis prcdictis cum pert, suis predicto Nicholao heredibus 
et assignatis suis de capilalibus dominis feodi illius, per servicium inde delsilum et de iure consuetum 
iniperpetuum. Et reddendum inde annuatim michi prcfatae .Aliciae durante tota vita mea vnum annualem 
rcdditum septem marcarum argenti ad fcsta Sancti Martini in yeme et l^entecostes per equales porciones. 
Et si contingat predictum annualem redditum septem marcarum aretro esse in parte vel in toto post 
aliquem terminum quo sohii debeat per quadraginta dies non solutum, tunc bene liceat predicte .-\licie in 
predicto nianerio terris et tenementis cum suis pert., necnon in predictis rcdditibus exeuntibus de burgagiis 
predictis cum suis pert, reintrare ilia quod pacitice habere et gauderc vt in primo suo statu sine calumpnia 
seu purturbacione dicti Nicholai heredum vel assignatorum suorum sive aliorum ipsorum nomine quorum- 
cumquc, diet, donac. et feoffament. inde fact, in feodo predicto Nicholao vt predictum est in aliquo non 
obstante. Insuper predictus Nicholaus vult et concedit quod si Johannes filius et heres dicte .-Micic \iuerit 
et incolumis redierit de partibus remotis quod bene liceat eidem Johanni vel heredibus suis in predicto 
manerio et redditibus cum jiert. reintrare cl habere, non obstante carta predicte ."Xlicie et seisina inde libcrata. 
Et ego vero predicta .\licia et heredes mei predict, manerium terras ct tenementa cum pert, necnon 
redditibus predictis exeuntibus de burgagiis predictis cum pert, predicto Nicholao heredibus et assignatis 
SUIS ut predictum est contra omnes gentes waranlizabimus acquietabimus ct iniperpetuum defendemus. 


consent of the archbishop of York, but on the 13th of June, 141 1, Ridley 
received a pardon from Archbishop Bovvett for his transgression, together 
with a confirmation of his title to the estate.' John de ScolaclifFe never 
returned to claim his inheritance, and the Ridleys were left in undisputed 
possession of Coastley. 

The time during which the Ridleys owned Coastley was uneventful. 
In April, 1434, Patrick Laverock and Juliana his wife released to John 
Ridley, son of Nicholas Ridley of Willimoteswick, all claims they had 
or might have upon the manor of Coastley, Hackford, and Langhope. 
Juliana was evidently more concerned in the transaction than her husband, 
but it is not clear whether she was acknowledging the repayment of a 
mortgage, or whether she had some claim on the estate as the heir of the 
missing John de Scolacliffe.^ 

That there was a considerable population in Coastley at this time is 
shown by the muster roll of 1538. Five men, including John and Thomas 
Ridley, are there set down as able with both horse and harness ; sixteen men 
are able but with neither horse nor harness, and two men are unable, making 
a total of twentv-three men in all. These figures will be better appreciated 
when it is stated that the same muster roll contains only thirtv-three names 
under Acomb, and twentv-four under Wall. 

CosLE Muster Roll, 153S.' 

John Ridle, Thomas Stonson, John Barber, Gerrard Prodin, Thomas Ridlee, able with hors and 
harnes. John Stonson, Roland Stokell, Edmund Robson, Anton Deconson, Wilhn. Stokell, John Colson, 
John Nowbyll, Lawrence Redle, Umfray Stokell, Georg Sperk, Georg Sperk, Thomas Welson, John 
Welson, Matho Witfeld, Anton Ferrauler, Laure Wilkynson, naither hors nor harnes. Herre Bredword, 
Here Stokell, unable. 

The inquisition post mortem of the fourth John Ridley of Coastley in 
1579 shows that the property had been increased since the time of John of 
Coastley in 1350. In addition to Coastley, Hackford, and Coastlev mill with 
five burgages in Coastley-ravve, Hexham, John Ridley owned Coastleyhope, 
divers tenements in Langhope, Bagraw, the Snape, a pasture called the 
Fenns near Uotland, two more burgages in Coastley-rawe, a burgage in 

In cuius rei testimonium sigilla nostra partibus istarum cartarum indcntatarum altematim sunt appensa. 
Hiis testibus, Job. de Eryngton, Alexandro de Federstanhalgh, Ricardo de Riddeschawe, Thoma Hunter, 
Willelmo de Riddeschawe, scniore, Thoma Crane, Thoma Forster, jun., Willelmo Uikson, et alijs. Datum 
sextodecimo die mensis Junij, anno Regis Henrici quarti, post conquestum vndecimo.' Greenwich 
Hospital Deeds, Coastley, .■\. No. g. 

' Ibid. A. No. 12. -■ Jbtil. A. No. 13. 'Arch. Ad. 410 series, iv. p. 190. 



St. Mary's Chare, and another in Priestpopple, a parcel of land called 
Botestile Leases, lOg acres of arable land in Priestpopple fields, and half 
an acre of land at the Quicksand ford^ near the town of Hexham. - 

Now known as Whitstone bridge. 

' Greenwich Hospital Papers, Coastley, A. No. i6. 


Nicholas Ridley of Willimoteswick has grant of Coastley, Hack- 
ford, Langhope, etc., i6th June, 1410. 

John Ridley, son of Nicholas de Ridley, has Coastley, etc., re-leased 
to him, 4th April, 1434. 

John Ridley, 1469 == 

John Ridley of Coastley ; died I uh February, 1508/9 ;= 
seisedof Coastley and Coastleyhope. /ny./.»;. 1509. 

Ridley ; died before his father 

John Ridley of Coastley, heir to his grandfather ; in 1508/9 = 
aged 10 ; in 1538 was ' able with horse and harness ' ; died 
6th April, 19 Eliz., 1579. Ing.p.m. 4th May, 1579. 

John Ridley the elder, son and heir ; = Margaret Jackson ; married 27th June, 

aged 55, 19 Eliz. ; bur. 17th 
February, 1596/7 («)■ Will proved 
8th June, 159S. 

1585 (a) ; buried i6th October, i;95 

Barbara ; muried ... Fen- 
wick of Cocklaw, and 
died circa 1 598. 

John Ridley of Coastley ; admitted as son = .Margaret. She remarried, 8th 

and heir to his father, gih April, 1598 ; 
buried 28th .May, 1610 («). 

July, 1610, Henry VViJdring- 
ton (n) of the parish of Roth- 
bury, by whom she had issue. 

Martin Ridley of Langhope, of which 
he had a grant in 1629 from Richard 
Carr, buried 23rd April, 1632 (a). 
[? 20th October, 1601, .Martin Ridley 
and .Agnes Noble married («).] 

Dorothy Ridley, daughter and heiress ; married Richard Carr (/<), seneschal of the court and manor of 
Hexham in 1642 ; marriage articles, loth May, 1624 ; admitted as heir in 1630. ^^ 

Evidences to Pedigree of Ridley of Coastley. 

i6th Dec, 1532. Indenture made at Hexham whereby Edward, the prior, and the convent of Hexham, and 
John Ridley of Coastley, gent., agreed to an exchange of lands. Ridley granted to the convent a place in Coastley- 
hope called ' Nobbok,' and obtained in lieu thereof a place in Coslerawe, with i\ acres of land in Hexham fields, 7 
acres in the east-field of Prestpofle, called VVyndmylnstob, the corn tithes of Coastley and Coastley-hope,' etc. 

In 1568 John Ridley held Costley, Hagkeforth, Bagrawe, Snape, Holehouse, Longeuppe, Vicer-feld, with lands 
in Hexham.- 

8lh June, 1598. John Ridley of Coastley, gent., renounced executorship of the will of Barbara Fenwick (once 
called Barbara Ridley). He shows a deed of gift of her goods.^ 

loth -May, 1624. Articles of agreement between Henry Widdrington of Coastley, esq., on behalf of Dorothy 
Ridley, his daughter-in-law, daughter and sole heiress of John Ridley, late of Coastley, gent., and Richard Cair of 
Hexham, gent., being articles of settlement before marriage, of Richard Carr and Dorothy Ridley, whereby the 

(u) Hexham Registtr. 
' Greenwich Hospital Papers, Coastley, Nos. A. 15-18. 

(i) See vol. iii. p. 3°i- 
■ Feodary's Book. Ixvi. 

' Raine, Testamenta Ebor. 


manor, capital messuage, and demesne lands of Coastley, and the water com mill, then occupied by the said Henry 
Widdrington, and Margaret, his wife, mother of said Dorothy, the hamlet and lands of Costley hope, ' Langupp or 
Langehope,' Hackford, ' Baggereye,' the ' Snappe,' and lands in Hexham called Ridley's lands, were brought into 
settlement in such way that Margaret, wife of Henry Widdrington, should retain in lieu of her dower or widow-right 
a moiety of the demesne lands and of the mansion of Costley, with ' house-boot, hedge-boot, hay-boot, wajTie-boot, 
plough-boot, and fier-boot,' together with the whole of the Snape.' 

October, 1629, Coastley. Ad banc curiam compertum est per homagium quod ante banc curiam quidam 
Johannes Ridleye de Coastleye generosus tenuit de dicto domino rege et fuit seisitus sibi et heredibus suis secundum 
consuetudinem hujus manerii de et in manerio de Coastleye predicto jacente infra libertates de Hexham cum 
omnibus et singulis suis juribus, membns et pertinentciis dicto manerio de Coastleye, aliquo modo spectantibus sive 
pertinentibus. Ac de et in diversis parcellis terrae eidem manerio spectantibus vocatis et communiter cognitis per 
nomina de Greenshawe-banke, EUerbac-banke, Hawton-hill, Glendue, Glendue-banke, Greenshele, Abbey-hagge, 
Coastleye-hagge, Little hoalle pieth. Ac de et in uno molendino aquatico vocato Coastley-millne. Ac de et in 
uno tenemento vocato Coastley-hoope cum omnibus et singulis suis juribus, membris, et pertinentiis ut parcellis 
manerii de Coastlej-e predicto aliquo modo spectantibus sive pertinentibus. Ac de et in uno tenemento vocato 
Hackfourd jacente infra libertatem de Hexham cum omnibus, etc. Ac de et in diversis tenementis jacentibus in 
Langhoope cum omnibus, etc. Ac de et in uno tenemento vocato Baggareye jacente, etc. Ac de et in uno tenemento 
vocato le Snape jacente, etc. Ac de et in quadam pastura vocata Le Fenns jacente prope Dottland infra, etc. Ac de 
et in septem burgagiis sive tenementis jacentibus infra villam de Hexham in quodam vico ibidem vocato Coastley- 
rawe cum singulis, etc. Ac de et in uno alio burgagio cum pert, jacente infra villam de Hexham in quodam vico 
ibidem vocato St. Marye-chare. Ac de et in alio burgagio cum pert, jac, etc., in vico vocato Prestpopple. Ac de et 
in quadam parcella terrae cum pert, jacente infra campis de Hexham vocata Bohtestile-leeses. Ac de et in quadam 
clausura terrae arrabilis jacente infra Le Halliwelle-deane in campis de Prestpopple continente per asstimationem 2 
acras terrae sive plus sive minus. Ac de et in J ac. terrae jacente apud le Quicksande forde prope le dictam villam de 
Hexham. Ac quod Dorothia Carr jam uxor Ric. Carr de Coastley generosi est filia et proxima heres prefati Joh. 
Ridley quae presens hie in curia petit admitti ad prasmissum cui dictus dominus rex per senescallum suum con- 
cessit inde seisinam. Habendum, etc., Dorothie Carr, etc., in perpetuum secundum oonsuetudinem manerii. 
Reddendo inde annuatim dicto domino regi, etc., vi" i^ ob., etc.^ 

' Greenwich Hospital Papers, Coastley, A. Nos. 15-18. - Hexham Manor Rolls. 

The long line of Ridleys came to an end with Dorothy, onlv child of the 
si.xth John Ridley of Coastley, who died about 1624. Some time afterwards 
John Ridley's widow married Henry Widdrington, and Dorothy Ridley was 
married to Richard Carr,' who subsequently became bailiff of the manor in 
1642. The Ridley property was settled upon Richard Carr and his wife 
with reservations in favour of Dorothy's mother Margaret," and in 1630, they 
entered upon possession of Coastley and its appurtenances, which they 
almost immediately afterwards sold to Sir Francis Radcliife.^ 

The manor of Coastley was one of the estates of Sir Edward, son of Sir 
Francis RadclifFe, which were sequestered ; it was discharged on the 28th 
September, 1650, and 12th January, 1654.* In 1663 Sir Edward Radcliflfe 
was rated at /.240 for his lands in Coastley, Westwood, Langupp, part of 

' nth February, 1629. An award between Edward Griol and others, tenants of Hexham manor, and 
Richard Carr, touching the right of common on Greenshaw bank ; the right was awarded to the tenants. 

^ Greenwich Hospital Papers, Coastley, A. No. iS. 

'nth December, 1630. Conveyance from Richard Carr and Dorothy his wife, and Margaret 
Widdrington, widow, formerly wife of John Ridley, to Sir Francis Radcliffe, of Coastley, etc. Ibid. A. 
No. 24. 'Royalist Composition Papers, Calendar, part iv. vol. G. iS, pp. 892, 923. 



Hackford, and Baggorap. It has since followed the fortunes of the Radcliffe 
estate, and was purchased from the Greenwich hospital commissioners' by 
the late Mr. John Straker. 

Though the historv of Hackford,' Bagraw,' Langhope, and the Snape* 
is intimately bound up with that of Coastley, Langhope has, to a certain 
extent, a historv of its own. By a charter executed between the years 121 5 
and 1226, Sampson, son of Sampson, released to the archbishop of York 
all the rights in Langhope, which he had previously received in exchange 
from Archbishop Geoffrey Plantagenet.' Some time later, about 1 240, 
Adam, son of Adam Bertram, granted Langhope to Robert de Keneley, 
together with the right of grinding corn freely at Coastley mill. This 
grant was confirmed by Archbishop Gray.^ In 1303 Archbishop Corbridge 
granted Adam Ruskebasket of Hexham the land of Langhope and 
Jackley, paying 50s. rent yearly for the same." Archbishop Corbridge died 
the same year, but his successor. Archbishop Greenfield, confirmed the 
grant and reduced the rent to 2s., with a payment of 40s. for entry to the 
ands. The grant was made for the joint lives of Adam and his son.** 
Their enjovment of the property must soon have ceased, for in 1307 John 
of Coastley was summoned to do homage to the archbishop for Langhope, 
which contained 200 acres of land, and for which he was to pay ^4 yearly. 
He appeared, but his homage was deferred because he was only newly 
enfeoffed, and the tenor of his charter was not known." From this time 
the historv of Langhope is identical with that of Coastley. 

The forest of Westwood is enumerated amongst the possessions of the 
priorv in 1547,"* and in 1568 the queen held lands there." It is named in the 

' In 1805 the commissioners received rents from this portion of their estates as follows : Coastley, 412 
acres, let for ^261 ; High Wood, 181 acres, ^115 ; High Side, 77 acres, ^36 ; Langhope, 247 acres, ;^8o; 
Bagraw, 137 acres, £$0 ; Hackford, 113 acres, /61. There were also at Coastley 34 acres of woodland, 
anci in Langhope 31 acres. " There is a place of this name in the High Quarter, of which later. 

^ There voted for freehold lands in Baggraw, in 1722, John Reid of Ulgham, and Stephen Coxon of 
Great Tosson, and in 1734 Robert Brown of Baggraw, and Thomas Ord of Davy Shield, but probably this 
place was near Rothbury. 

■■ John Tate was rated in 1663 for his lands at the Snape at /12 ; in 1702 it was held by John Tate a 
tradesman in Hexham, w^ho also possessed a house in Dumfries (mentioned in his will made in 1697), as 
also a share in the lease of the Tyne mills. His son Joseph Tate was bailiff of Hexham, and died in 1725 
possessed of the Tombshouse in .-Mlendale, and was succeeded by his son a second Joseph Tate ; the latter 
died in 1730. There voted for lands at the Snape, in 1734, John Robson of Boothill mill: in 1748, Thomas 
Reid of Walwick Low hall, and Robert Heron of Newcastle ; in 1774, John Daglisb. of Hexham, Thomas 
Helmsley of West Acomb, and Ralph Spark of Hexham. The latter in 1769 held lands here>rc uxoris, 
which in 1829 belonged to the heirs of Isaac Spark. The present owner is Mr. J. C. Straker. 

* Archbishop Gray^s Register, Raine, pp. 275, 276, Surt. Soc. No. 50. " Ibid. p. 265. 

' York Registers, Corbridge, f. 94 a. ' Ibid. Greenfield, i. f. 33. ° Ibid. ii. f 224 a. 

'" \'ol. iii. p. 84. " Feodary's Book, Ixi. 


Crown grant of 1632 to Sir John Fenwick, and forty years later belonged to 
Sir Edward Radcliffe ; ' since that time it has always been the property of the 
owners of Coastley. The parish register contains numerous entries in the 
seventeenth century of the family of Ridley of Westwood.^ In 1805 it is 
described as a farm of 151 acres let at a rent of /210, and there were also 
13 acres of woodland.^ 

Summerrods, upon the Hextol burn, the second detached portion of 
the West Quarter, lies in a dene to which it gives its name. It contains 
1 5 acres, and is only divided by a couple of fields from a part of Coastley. 
Sommerroodes was held in 1568 by Robert Lighton,^ and in 1631 by George 
Stokoe,' and in 1663 George Algood and George Stokoe were rated at the 
large sum of ^"6 13s. 4d. for Summer Roads. Since then it has frequently 
changed hands. At the beginning of the eighteenth century Summerrods 
was held or occupied by Roger Craig, who in 1716'' devised his farmhold at 
Haydon to his nephew, John Craig of Summerrods, and mentioned another 
nephew of the same name, son of his late brother, Richard Craig of Dean 
Raw. The first named John Craig, also of Summerrods, died in 1721, and 
devised his lands in the barony of Langley, held under lease from Sir 
Edward Radcliffe, his lands at Light Brikes (stc) and the Leazes, and his 
messuage at Haydon, to his son John. In 1774 William Oliver of Chipchase 
voted for it, and John Nicholson appears in the Court Rolls of 18 16, and 
voted for his freehold there in 1832. The present owners are Messrs. Henry 
and George H. Bell, who purchased it and some adjoining lands from the 
Rev. T. H. Stokoe, D.D., who was heir at law of John Stokoe. 

The sharp ridge on which Yarridge stands, and from which it takes its 
name," divides the valley of the West Dipton burn from that of the Tvne. 
The homestead of High Yarridge, sheltered from the east and west bv small 
plantations of sycamore, elm, and ash, has in view to the south the moors of 
Dotland and Blanchland, and to the north it overlooks the town of Hexham 
and the valley of the North Tyne. It is the third of the detached portions 
of the West Quarter, and was one of the earliest possessions of Hexham 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 315. 

" 23rd October, 8 Elizabeth. William Ridley obtained a grant from the Crown of ' Totum 
messuagium et tenementum in bosca vocat Westwood in Hexham shier ac herbagium ejusdem bosci, 
redd, vij'' vj» viij'.' Add. MS. B.M. 5510, f 37. He also held keadswood, Hening-rigge, Tarrct, and 
the Peels. Survey of the Debateable and Borderlands taken in 1604, pp. 54, iv. Edited by K. P. 
Sanderson, 1891. ' Report 0/ Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, 1805. 

' Feodary's Book, l.wi. ' He.xham Court Rolls. " Raine, Test. Ebor. ' See vol. iii. p. iS. 

Vol. 1\'. 5 


priory, to which it was given by Archbishop Thomas II. in 1113. In the 
Black Book of Hexham the prior and convent are said to hold si.\ husband- 
lands at Yarridge, both of arable land and pasture.' Though it sent its 
complement of men to the muster of 1538, none of them was properly 


Yarath Muster Roll, 153S. 
Cuthbert Stokoll, George Kell, Willm. Willsen, Edwerd Robson, Davet Robson, Ric. Henyngton, 
Thomas Forster, James Forster, Nicolles Little, naither hors nor harnes." 

In 1663, lands in Yarrage were rated to Mrs. Mary Fenwick at ^10 ; 
but the value of the holding of the other freeholder, James Hasty, is not 
inserted. In 1713 it was held under lease, from Sir William Blackett, by 
William Bell, and it now belongs to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

The fourth, and most remote detached portion of the West Quarter, is 
the Hall Shield, near the head of Ham burn, and situated on the Greenrigg 
Moor ; it has an area of only 1 5 acres. 

Nubbock, about a mile and a half due south of Langhope, stands on the 
summit of the ridge which forms the backbone of the West Quarter, and lies 
on the north side of the high road between Hexham and Allendale Town. 
Its ancient name was Jakele or Yokesley, and it is referred to in the great 
survey of 1608 as Yokesley or Nubbock. In early times it was associated 
with Langhope, and in 1303 it was granted, together with Langhope, to 
Adam de Ruskebasket. It is uncertain what became of Nubbock after 
this date. It is not mentioned as being in the hands of the Coastley family 
in the inquisition of 1350. It was ultimately acquired by the Ridley 
family, who parted with it to the priory of Hexham in 1532 under the 
following circumstances : the prior and convent granted to John Ridley 
a place in Coastley-rawe, with 3^ acres of land in the fields of Hexham, 
7 acres of land in Priestpopple fields, i acre near the same, and a yearly 
rent of 2s. They also granted him all his own tithe corn and the sheaves 
of Coastley and Coastleyhope, with the tithe of the mill there (which 
tithes he had received by grant from King Henry VIII., dated i8th April, 
1 531) for eighty years at a rent of 21s. In exchange, John Ridley granted 
the priory ' a place in Coastley hope called Nobbok,' and agreed to dis- 
charge them of the free rent thereof.' At the dissolution, Nubbock came 
into the hands of Sir Reginald Carnaby, the grantee of the priory lands. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, ii. p. ii, Surt. Sec. No. 46. '' Arch. Ad. 410 series, iv. p. 190. 

' Greenwich Hospital Deeds, Coastley, A. No. 15. 



In the survey of 1547 it is mentioned as 'one close with wood called 
Yokesley,' at a rent of 20s. a year, and was in the tenure of Cuthbert 
Carnaby and Lady Carnaby, executors of Sir Reynold Carnaby. 

In the Feodary's Book, in 1568, Nobbigge is entered as belonging to 
Cuthbert Carnaby of Halton ; but in 1663 Nubbuck was owned by Sir 
William Fenwick of Wallington, under whom it was held as leasehold by a 
cadet line of its former owners, the Carnabys. There is no evidence to show 
the exact connection of either of the families whose descent is given below 
with the main line, but that the kinship was not a remote one is shown by the 
will of William Carnaby of Halton, who, in 1686, entailed his estate upon his 
brother, with remainder to his uncle, Ralph Carnaby of Chollerton, and then 
upon Richard Carnaby of Nubbock. It is possible that the Nubbock family 
was identical with that of Langley, the unexpired lease of which was sold or 
parted with in 1619. The present owner of Nubbock is Mr. J. C. Straker. 


Richard Caknaby of Nubbock ; will dated I2th Nov., = Bridget ; to whom her husband 

1672 («) ; proved by widow, I2th April, 1675. I devised a moiety of Nubbuck. 


Richard Carnab}' of Nubbock ; the remainder = Jane ; in 1717 regis- 

man in the entail created under will of tered her estates as a Roman 

William Carnaby of Halton, 2nd August, Catholic(a'). 31st May,i732, 

1686 (c) ; buried in Hexham quire, l8th Mrs. Joane Carnaby of 

Nov., 1692 (a) ; administration granted to Hexham buried in the quire 

widow, 25th June, 1694 (/i). («) (a'). 

Katherine, baptised 13th March, 

1645/6 (a). 
Ann, baptised 1st June, 1648 (a). 

(AH named in father's will.) 

Francis Carnaby = 
of Nubbock in 
1717 registered 
his estates, 
Nubbock and 
West Green- 
ridge (if) ; died; buried in 
Hexham quire, 
20th Oct., 1725 
(«) ; adminis- 
tration granted 
ist Dec, 1725, 
to widow (^). 

.\Iary ; 
bond of 

William, buried 
in Hexham 
quire, 15th 
May, 1692 

Ralph ; buried 
in Hexham 
quire, 14th 
June, 16S9 

,1 U I I 

James Carnaby ; died 
s.p. ... 1725. 

Richard Carnaby ; 
died ... 1715. 

Mary, or Margaret ; 
professed in France. 

Anne ; buried in Hex- 
ham quire, 6th Feb., 
1698/9 (a). 

Jane =f= William Bridget Carnaby of Hexham; 

Marley died unmarried ; buried 

of Pick- 2nd Jan., 1753(a) ; by will 

tree, dated 29tli Dec, 1752, 

Chester- proved at York, 26th Sept., 

le-Streel; 1753, she devised half of 

styled Nubbock to sister Jane 

' the Marley, widow, for life, 

prince.' then to her daughters Jane, 

wife of John Story, and 

Ann, wife of John Hutton ; 

and named .Mary Shafto, 

Joseph Cook, and Wm. 

Kirsopp, her cousins ((i). 

Carnaby Marley ; 
died 1747. 

Jane ; married John Story of Chester-le-Street ; 
whose will, dated 27th June, 1769, proved 
same year, mentions lands at Nubbock, Pick- 
tree, Uhcster-le-Street, Pelton, etc. (/<). 

Anne ; married John 
Hutton of Woodham, 
county palatine. 

Dorothy ; married 
William Heppell. 

(a) Hexham Register. 
(Ji) Raine, Test. Ehor. 

(c) Proceedings of Society of Antiquaries cf h'euvastle, vol. vi. p. 99, etc. 
(rf) Hexham Roman Catholic Register. 

' This pedigree is based on one in the Sharp MSS. in the Cathedral Library at Durham. 



' jth Feb., 1604/5, Thomas Usher, jun., and Barbara Carnabj' of Nubbuck, spinster, married. 29th Feb., 165 1/2, 
Margaret Carnaby of Nubbuck buried in church. 28th Jan., 1657/8, Frances Carnaby of Nubbuck buried.' Hfxham 

' I2th Nov., 1672. Richard Carnaby of Nubbocke, parish of Hexham, gentleman. To my sonn Richard 
Carnaby the moyetie of my lands and tenements, called Yoakesley, a/ias Nubbocke, to him and his heires, paying to 
Margarett and Elizabeth Carnabye, my daughters, 20/. each. To my sonn Richard 64/., which he hath received, or 
shall receive, for wood which he sould to Mr. George Bacon toward the payment of 100/. to Mr. William Errington 
of Wallick Grainge. To my deare wife Bridgett the other moiety of Yoakesley, a/ias Nubbocke, with all the wood 
growing upon it. To my daughters Katherine and Ann Carnaby, each 20/., to be paid after the decease of my wife. 
To my daughter Margarett Carnaby $os. per annum, to be paid by my sonn Richard. The rest to my wife Bridgitt. 
She executrix. Raine, Test. Ehor. 


Roger Carnaby of Hex- = Mary. 
ham; will dated 31st 
March, proved 17th 
June, 1713 (/;): buried 
in Hexham quire, 7lh 
April, 1 71 3 (a). 

William Carnaby of 
Great Tosson, bap- 
tised 20th Feb., 
1675 (<■) : mentioned 
in will of his uncle 
Roger Carnaby. 


John Carnaby = 

Isabella Carnaby ; named 
in will of her uncle 
Roger Carnaby. 

RichardCarnaby of Great = .Mice Wood of Elyhaugh, 

Tosson ; dead befor' 
date of brother's will ; 
buried 21st Sept., 1703 

parish of Felton ; mar- 
ried gth July, 1674 
(f) ; buried 21st Sept., 
1703 W- 



Thomas, bap- 


tised 26th 


Oct., 1690 






Jane, baptised 19th 
March, 1693 (<•) ; 
named in will of 
uncle Roger Car- 

I 1 I 
Elizabeth, baptised 1683 ; 

died 1685 {e). 
Elizabeth, baptised 1697 ; 

buried 1705 (<■). 
Alice, baptised 13th June, 

1680 (J). 

Ralph Carnaby of Todburn, in Longhorsley parish, in 
1682 purchased lands in Rothbury from John Gibson ; 
buried 30th April, 1702 (?)*• 

Fortune ; buried 3rd .May, 

1702 (0 (<:). 

Ralph Carnaby of Todburn, in Longhorsley parish ; 
died 7th Dec, 1763, aged 68 (</) (c). 

.Ann Dobson ; married i8th June, 1719 {d) ; 
died 5th Dec, 1762, aged 68 ((/) (c). 

Francis Carnaby of Tod- 
burn, eldest son, was 
killed by falling down 
a coal pit, near the 
Chirm, iSth April, 
buried 22nd April, 
1765, aged 43 (</); 
unmarried f 

I . I 

Ralph Car- James Carnaby of = Ann Hare ; 

naby ; died Todburn ; died died at 

unmarried, iSth Jan., 1803, Shawdon 

3rd March, aged 72 ((/). Will Woodhouse, 

174'!, aged dated 30th -May, 29th Aug., 

20. 1799 (c). 182 1, aged 

74 (A ' 


Mary ; died m infancy, buried 7th 

March, 1726 (</). 
Anne ; died unmarried, 30th Sept., 

buried 3rd Oct.,i76o,aged li{J). 
.Mary, bom 1735 ; married Lionel 

Aynsley of the Chirm, and died 

8lh Sept., 1784, aged 49 {d). 

Ralph Carnaby of 
Todburn. after- 
wards of Shawdon 
Woodhouse ; died 
13th July, 1842, 
aged 70 (,/), s.p.\ 

John Carnaby of Morpeth, 
solicitor ; of which town 
he was appointed in 1803 
town clerk, the election 
being subsequently de- 
clared void ; died at 
Whittingham, 7th Feb., 
1849, .aged7o(r/), -f-A 


{a) Hexham Register. 
(/5) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

Barbara ; married William Donkin Ann ; married 

of Plainfield, March, 1801 (e) ; Thomas Collm 

died at .Shawdon Woodhouse, 4th of Sunderland, 

Nov., 1S37, aged 67 (</). Her solicitor ; died 

only chilci, Barbara Collin Don- s.p. 

kin, was killed by lightning at 
Shawdon Woodhouse, 14th July, 
i^37i aged 32 years, on the eve 
of her marriage. 

(c) Bell Collection. (c) Rot/i'mry Register. 

(if) Longhorsley Register ani M.I. 

* 4th October, 1682, Ralph Carnaby of the parish of Horsley, presented for not coming to his parish church. At 
the sessions 29th .April, 16S5, Ralph Carnaby of Todburn, yeoman, presented as a papist or non-juror. Sessions Records. 

t 'On .April 19th, as a farmer and his son were riding from Netherwitton to Long Framlington, they unfortunately 
missed their way, and the sdu rode into an old coal pit, where he and his horse perished.' Newcastle Courant, .April, 1765. 

X Ralph Carnaby of Todburn was a man of so great stature and bulk that his boot is said to have contained a 
measure of corn. Ex. inf. .Mr. M. H. Dand. 


The following will of Ro?er Carnaby of Hexham, gentleman, dated 31st March, 1713, proves the connection of 
the family of Carnaby of Great Tosson in Rothbury and Todbum in Longhorslej' with Hexham, though evidence to 
affiliate them to the older stem has not been discovered : ' 31st March, 1713. Roger Carnaby of Hexham, gentleman. 
To my deare wife Mary, ;^300, ;^20 of which is due to me by bond from .Mr. Francis Carnaby and Mr. Richard 
Carnaby, both of Hexham ; also my mortgage on a house called Green Harbour Court, nigh New Gate, in London, etc. 
To my nephew William Carnaby of Tossen, and Barbary his wife, ;f 100. To my niece Isabell Carnaby, daughter of my 
brother John Carnaby, 100/. To my sister Mary Carnaby the interest of 100/. due to me on lands belonging to John 
Carnaby of Carlisle, plumber, for her life, and then 50/. of it to the said John Camabye's children, 20/. to my niece Mary 
Carnaby, and 20/. to my niece Jane Carnaby, daughter of my brother Richard Carnaby deceased. To my sister in law 
Frances, wife of Thomas Liddell of Hexham, glover, 30/., and to/, to Francis Beadland, son of Thomas Headland of 
Haggerston ; and 10/. to my black boy Wandoe, my present man servant. The money due to me upon a South 
Sea bill to the children of my cousin Jane Carnaby of Hexham widow, my cousin Elizabeth Lisle, ray cousin Mary 
WInsellow, daughter of my nephew James Winsellow, and my cousin Barbara Ord, spinster. The rest to my wife. 
She executrix.' Raine, Test. Ebor. 

The adjoining hamlet, called the Paise, is situated between East Green- 
ridge and Nubbock ; and the Stubblick Sike there becomes the West Dipton 
burn. Though it contributed eight fully equipped men to the muster of 1538, 
it, together with the Hole-house, only furnished two men to that of 1580.* 

Pays Muster Roll, 1538.= 
Robert Stokall, Edwerd Bleklok, Nicoles Bleklok, Nicoles Stokell, Thomas Raw, Thomas Bleklok, 
Willm. Bleklok, Christofer Daveson, able with hors and harnes. 

In 1596 John Ward had by letters patent a lease of the Paise for 
twenty-one years at the rent of los., and conveyed it in moieties to John 
Stokoe and Edward Armstrong, who were the tenants in 1608. Though 
the Paise was rated to Ann Rowell, widow, at ^i i in 1663, the farm-hold of 
High Shield Rigge, commonly called the Peas, was sold 29th August, 1670, 
by John Fenwick of Wallington to John Heron of the Peas,' who answered 
at the Manor Court of 1673. He was buried in He.xham church, 30th June, 
1699. Numerous entries occur in the parish register during the seventeenth 
century relating to the Herons of this place, but there is not sufficient 
material firom which to compile a pedigree. 

The will of John Heron of the Paise, yeoman, dated 4th June, 1699: To my wife, Elizabeth, 
£,i> los. per annum to be paid by my son, John Heron, out of my farmhold called the Paves, in lieu of her 
thirds and widow right ; to my said wife all my household goods and utensils of household stuff; to my 
daughters, .'\nn Heron, Bridget Heron, Mar)- Heron, and Jane Heron, each ^30. Residue to son, John 
Heron, he sole executor. 

Inventory taken 19th July, 1699. f s. d. 

His apparel and purse, valued and apprized att ... ... ... 6134 

In ye fore house : one cupboard, one press cupboard, one table, one 
forme, two old chaires, one stoole, one bedstead, with a feather bed 
and furniture, valued... ... ... ... ... ... 368 

In ye little roome : one bedstead, with a feather bed and furniture, and 

an old chest, valued at ... ... ... ... ... i 10 o 

' Border Papers, Bain, vol. i. p. 22. ^ Arch. Ael. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 190. 

' Documents with Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 









... 17 

... 23 




1 1 






... 15 

... 138 






In yc room above ye little rooiiie : One talilc, one armed chair, one 

forme, one livery cupboard 
In ye utter roome : two old bedsteads, with chaflfe beds, happins, and 

two old chests, valued att 
Pewter, brass, and iron gear, valued att 
Wood vessells and other wooden goods, valued att ... 
Linnen and woollen, valued att 
Husbandry gear, valued att 
Four oxen and two stears, valued att 
Ten cowes and one calfe, valued att 
One bull and four heffers, valued att 
Seaven stirkes, valued att 
Four draught horses and marcs, valued att ... 
Fifty ewes and thirty-four lambs, valued att 
Fifty other sheep, valued att 
Corn sowen and in ye stack garth, valued att 
Debts oweing to ye deceased, being desperate 

Total ... 
Funeral expenses 

Rests ... 

John Heron was succeeded bv his son of the same name, whose wife, 
Margaret, was buried in Hexham church on the 27th June, 1705, and John 
Heron of Hexham in 1739 conveyed the same place in mortgage to John 
Reed of Chipchase (in trust for Matthew Leadbitter of Nether Warden, 
whose was the /"800 advanced).' It is assumed that they were the parents 
of Elizabeth (daughter of John Heron of the Paise), who became the 
wife of Matthew Leadbitter of Warden.^ Certain commons belonging to 
Nubbock and the Paise were divided under articles of agreement made 2nd 
INIay, 1 78 1, between Sir Thomas Blackett, bart., the lord of the manor of 
Hexham, William Cuthbert of Newcastle, the owner of Nubbock, and 
Nicholas Leadbitter of Warden, owner of the Paise.^ The present owner is 
Mr. Thomas F. Leadbitter of London. 

Greenridge is situated on the West Dipton burn, about a mile south of 
Nubbock. Like Coastley, it was once a place of considerable importance, 
for in the survey of 1547 it is called a township, and has a separate heading 
like the greater divisions of the shire. The same survey records the fact that 
it was burnt by the Scots in the time of Archbishop Bowet, and states that 
the property had belonged to the priory of Hexham, and had passed at the 
dissolution into the hands of Sir Reginald Carnaby. 

' Documents with Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 

- Hodgson, Korthitmberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 410. ' Documents with Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 



In spite of the evident importance of the place in the middle of the 
sixteenth century, only one earlier reference to Greenridge has yet been 
found. On the 7th of February, 1348, Archbishop Zouche granted a writ 
to his justices to try a suit between John, prior of Hexham, and John 
of Coastley about 4 marks rent in Hexham and Greenridge.^ After the 
dissolution its importance declined, and it is referred to as a tenement in the 
survey of 1608. At this time also it was divided into two parts, known 
respectively as the Easter and Wester Greenridge. East Greenridge came 
into the hands of the Thirlwall family soon after the dissolution, and in 1591 
Richard Thirlwall paid his fine to enter upon Greenridge, late in the tenure 
of John Thirlwall.- The estate in 1663 belonged to John Thirlwall of 
Newbiggin, who was rated for the same at £\2, 6s. 8d. It was occupied by 
a humbler line of Thirlwalls, probably farmers, four generations of whom 
are shown in the following pedigree. One of them met his death in a 
peculiar way, thus recorded in the parish register: '1712/3, 2nd March, 
John Thirlwall of East Greenridge, killed by creeping into a fox hole on 
Dipton Cleugh, buried.' 


George Thirlwall of East Greenridge ; buried in Hexham church, 28th Ma)', 
1681 (a) ; administration granted 30th June, 1681, to son Peter (J>). 

Lucy ; buried 20th Feb., 

1678/9 (a). 


Peter Thirlwall of East Green- = Margaret Rit- 

I I 
Richard ; baptised 
24th Dec, 1649 

Robert; buried in 
Hexham church, 
30th May, 1680 

John Thirlwall of East Greenridge; baptised George Thirlwall; 


ridge ; baptised 22nd Nov., 
1647 (a); in 1704 was an 
executor to brother's will ; 
administration, 5th Jan., 
1710/11, granted to son John 



son ; married 
31st Jan., 1682 
(a) ; buried 
nth Aug., 1698 

John Thirlwall of East = Margaret 

Greenridge; baptised 
30th Jan., 165S/9; died 
s.p.; buried 2 1 St Feb., 
1703/4 (a) ; will dated 
27th Jan., 17034 (b). 

buried in He.x- 
ham church, 
6th .May, 1699 

I 1 

15th July, 1683 (a); killed by creeping baptised iSth June, 

into a fox hole on Dipton Cleugh, and 16S4 (a); in 1704 

buried in He.xham church, 2nd March, named in will of 

1712/3 (a); administration, 17th June, his uncle, John 

1713, granted to his brother George (i). Thirlwall. 

John ; baptised 27th July, 1690; 

buried 23rd Dec, 1691 (a). 
Peter; bapti5ed5thjuly,l684(a); 

died in infancy. 

John ; baptised 14th Dec, 
1712 (a) ; buried Jan., 

Peter Thirlwall ; [= ? Mary Stapert ; 
baptised 1 2th married 29th 

Jan., 1715/600. April, 1742 (a).] 

Mary ; baptised 
29th July, 1705 

(a) Hexham Register. 

{K) Raine, Test. Etor. 

The will of John Tliirluall of East Greenridge, who died in 1704, and 
the inventory whicii follows, are interesting, as showing the extent of the 
effects of the veoman farmers of his time : 

Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 2 n. 

^ Hexham Manor Rolls. 


In the name of God, Amen. I, John Thirhvall the elder, of Ester Greenridge in the comity of 
Northimibcrland, yeoman, this twenty-seventh day of January, 1703, being sick in body, but of sound and 
perfect remembrance, praise be therefore to Ahnighty (^od, do make, ordaine this my last will and 
testament in manner and forme followingc : that is to say, first, I will that all my debts and funerall 
expences shall be payd and discharged by my executor licreafter named. Item, I give unto Christopher 
Thirlwall twenty shillings. Item, I give unto Margarett Witherington one ewe. Item, I give unto 
Elizabeth Carr, one cow, one cubert, one cowell' with all the other vessells standing thereupon, one kirne, 
one woollen wheele, one lint wheele, one standing bedd, one chaire, one chest and that which is in it, and 
all the bedding except two blancketts, two happings, one bolster, and curtains. I give her one rideing 
seat. Item, I give unto John Thirlwall, my brother's son, one maire, with the rest of my household 
goods, and my wearing cloathes. Item, I give unto Peter Thirlwall, my brother, one waine, with y'' rest 
of my husbandry geer, whom I make my executor. Lastly, my will and pleasure is that my oxen and 
sheep and kine shall be equally divided among these four, that is to say, my brother Peter and his two 
sons, John and George, and Elizabeth Carr, the cropp answering the rent, etc. 

A true and perfect inventory of all the goods and chattells of John Thirlewall, late deceased, which he 
dyed seised and possessed of, now by us apprized : 

Item, horse, purse, and apparell ... ... ... ... 03 00 o 

Item, brass and pewther ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 08 o 

Item, pott, crooke, and tongs ... ... ... 00 03 o 

Item, cupboard, bedd, & other wooden vessell ... ... 01 02 6 

Item, wheeles and waine ... ... ... ... ... ... 01 10 6 

Item, four kine, one oxe, one steare, one hefifer ... ... oS 10 o 

Item, fifty-six sheep ... ... ... ... ... ... 08 12 o 

Item, bigg and oates ... ... ... ... ... ... 00 12 o 

Debts, funerall expences, and servants' wages ... ... 06 11 o'- 

Easter Greenridge, Cooks-house, and Whinnetly mill were surrendered 
on the 20th February, 1752, by Matthew Swinburn and Eleanor, his wife, to 
William Charlton of Reedsmouth.' At the ne.xt court Mary Thirlwall, Mrs. 
Swinburn's sister, surrendered any interest she might have. The considera- 
tion money was ^1,558.' At the division of the Hexham and Allendale 
common in 1800, Edward Charlton was awarded 167 acres of copyhold land 
and 37 stints in respect of his estate of East Greenridge. It now belongs to 
Sir John Haggerston. 

West Greenridge belonged in 1663 to Sir William Fenwick of Walling- 
ton, who was rated for it and for Nubbock at ;^40. In 17 17 it belonged to 
Francis Carnaby of Nubbock, whose mother, as a Roman Catholic, '' in that 
year registered an annuity derived therefrom. On the 15th September, 

' 'Cowl,' couL, a tub or similar large vessel, etc. New English Did. ■ Raine, Test. Ebor. 

' Enrolments with clerk of the peace for Northumberland. 

' Hodgson, Nurthu>nhcyland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 148. 

^ Acts to oblige papists to register their names and real estates, i George I., cap. 55 and 3 George I., 
cap. 1 8. These Acts were repealed 31 George III., cap. 32. These registers were filed in the office of the 
clerk of the peace in duplicate, in parchment rolls and paper copies of the same ; the latter bear the 
original signatures of the parties. 



1742, William Brown of Greenridge, gentleman, devised his farmholds there 
to his son Gilbert. The latter voted for the same in 1748 and 1774. In 
1800 Gilbert Brown of West Greenridge received an allotment of 215 acres 
of freehold land and 33 stints in satisfaction of his common rights on the 
Hexham and Allendale common. Unlike East Greenridge, which is bare 
of wood, West Greenridge is well sheltered with trees ; it now belongs to 
Mr. J. C. Straker.^ 

The history of the Spital and of the coal mines of Stublick, which are 
the only two remaining places of importance in the West Quarter, has been 
dealt with in the preceding volume. 


The chapelry of Whitley comprises the three townships of the Low, the 
Middle, and the High Quarters of Hexham. 
Its present ecclesiastical status dates from 
1764, when, through the action of John Sharp, 
the energetic archdeacon of Northumberland, 
it was severed from the mother church. These 
three townships, with that of the West Quarter, 
are co-extensive with the district formerly 
known as Newlands and Rowlev ward. 

A chapel, dedicated to St. Helen, is placed 
on a gently swelling piece of ground on the 
tongue of land above the confluence of the 
Rowley burn and Devil's Water. It is a rec- 
tangular building, with a three-light east win- 
dow, pronounced by competent authorities 
to be of more ancient workmanship than the 
chapel itself The earliest mention of the 
name of Whitley is in a charter of Arch- 
bishop Zouche, dated 28th May, 1350,^ and 
it occurs there in relation to the mill. No 
chapel is mentioned in the list of such 
places of the date 1310,' in the time of Archbishop Greenfield; nor do the 
Ministers' Accounts of the estates of the dissolved priory for the year ending 

' Mr. Straker's Greenridge estate (which includes the farms of Nubbock, the Snape, and Stubblick) 
was purchased in 1S71 from the late ^Ir. William Culhbert of Beaufront. 

- Hexham Pyiory, Raine, ii. p. 139. ' History 0/ Northumberland, vol. iii. 202 n. 

Vol. IV. 4 


Michaelmas, 1536, make any mention of Whitley, though they enumerate 
the curates of Hexham, Allendale, vSt. John Lee, St. Oswald, and Bingfield, 
as those to whom the prior had been used to pay stipends.' 

In his account of the charities of Tynedale, Ritschell states that : 

There Iiad been in old time a little chapel, by the highway side which leads from the head of the shire 
to Hexham, where a branch of it turns off to the east to the Steel and Duxficld mills, dedicated to St. Helen, 
commonly called Whitley chapel," which had been entirely ruin'd and was rebuilt by subscriptions some- 
time before the Restauration, to teach school ; and the neighbourhood to meet in upon occasion ; as is set 
forth, in the preamble to the said subscriptions, which having no date, the precise time cannot now be 

To the repairing of the chapel Sir Edward Radcliffe gave three trees, 
and Sir John Fenwick six trees, out of certain timber in Dotland ; and 
George Bacon of Broadwood-hall, in Allendale, gave a wain load of 
squared timber out of the wood at Steel-hall. Sir William Fenwick, 
on the 1 8th June, 1662, promised to give to the schoolmaster' of Whitley 
chapel three pounds a year out of the intack rents, or acre money, of the 
Middle and High Quarters.^ The building so repaired was used as a school- 
house, but not for divine service ; for, in 1694, 'the Quakers from distant parts 
meeting at the said Chapel hill, and great numbers out of curiosity resorting 
to them, the said chapel was made fit and appropriated to divine service . . . 
but . . . being very mean and not sufficient to contain half the people who 
resorted thither ... in the year following, 1695, there was an augmentation 
made then by subscriptions. ''' In 1704, Ritschell writes: 'The curate of Slealy 
at present preaches there every 14 night, but ye people are so very poor y' 
their contributions raise little above fy per annum, and thoa [sic] that part 
of this shire be above 9 northern miles in length, and there were above 700 
souls on that syde, A°95.' Ritschell died in 1724 (?) and devised 40s. a vear 
to the curate of Whitley. Possibly, as in the case of soiue other chapels in 
the district (as will be shown later), the schoolmaster may have acted as 
'reader' until 1742, when the curate-incumbent of Hexham, on the inhabit- 
ants agreeing to find £\o a year towards his stipend, appointed Thomas 

History of Northumberland, vol. iii. p. 202 n. 

- In 1568 (}eorgc Crawhawe held lands in Whit-chepcll, Blackchallc, and Whemplce, and John Basscn- 
whet in Blackehall, Whitechepell, and Whetlce. Feodary's Book; Hodgson, Nortliuirberlniid, pt. iii. vol. iii. 
p. Ixviii. Though places, bearing similar names, may be found in the immediate neighbourhood, this 
reference may be more justly applied to Whitechapel near Haydon Bridge. 

' loth .■\ugust, 1699. William Rumney, schoolmaster, and Mary Gerard, spinster, married. 6th 
March, 1701. Sarah, daughter of William Rumney of Whitley chapel, schoolmaster, baptised. Hexham 
Register. * Ritschell, Tynedale Charities. ^ Ibid. 


Hudson, master of the grammar school, to be sub-curate with charge of 
Whitley chapel. The promise of pecuniary support was but indiflferently 
kept, for, in 1746, xA.rchdeacon Thomas Sharp reports to the archbishop : 

Whitley chappel in ye parish of Hexham had been for several years converted into a school, but was 
rebuilt by subscription among the inhabitants about 4 years ago. There is a stipend of 50s. left by will, 
and since the rebuilding of ye chappel the inhabitants subscribed /^lo a year for ye maintenance of a 
curate to officiate there every Sunday in ye morning. Yet Mr. Hudson, the present curate, tells me that 
these contributions are so ill paid that he gets not above one 3d. of them at this time. I wish this be not 
in some measure his own fault, for I find the people there do not like him, and one of ye principal among 
them gave me to understand that if they had a minister to their mind to live among them (for Mr. 
Hudson is schoolmaster at Hexham), and might further h,ave the privilege of burying their dead there 
and of having other occasional offices perform'd there, instead of being obliged to go to Hexham on all 
these occasions, he did make no doubt but they would provide a competent maintenance for such a 
minister among themselves. This, indeed, is worth considering, for they are said to be a large congrega- 
tion. It was suggested, indeed, that ye chappel and chappel yard were never consecrated, for as it had 
been used times out of mind as a school-house, where ye curates of Hexh.nm used to perform divine 
service once a fortnight in the afternoon, they suppose it to have been originally no more than a school. 
But I take this to be their mistake, and apprehend it to have been an ancient chappel to Hexham. And 
so I think Mr. Ritschell's paper represents it. I have only to add that Mr. Calverley Blacket has given a 
bell to this chappel, but the inhabitants have not as yet hung it up for use. 

In 1752 the four churchwardens of Hexhamshire obtained a grant from 
the lady of the manor of a piece of common or waste ground, too yards long 
by 80 yards wide, and in 1759 a petition was addressed to the archbishop of 
York that he would consecrate it with the chapel, 'where divine service is 
preached every Sunday, which is a great convenience to us, we being a great 
distance from He.xham, our parish church, .... some of us being twelve 
miles from He.xham, which is very hard upon us, especially in the winter 
season, when the days are short, and the roads is bad, we have to come home 
in the night, sometime at eleven or twelve o'clock.'' 

Another petition, made in 1763, informs the archbishop that the chapel 
was rebuilt 'by subscription about twenty years ago .... when it 
was entirelv taken down and rebuilt,' and that it had an endowment ot 
£2 9s. a year, charged on two small estates in the neighbourhood, by the 
wills of the Rev. George Ritschell and Robert Di.xon of Stonehouse.^ 

The archbishop demurred to consecrate the chapel, but on the 6th of 
July, 1764, he consecrated the new graveyard. Through the exertions and 
personal influence of the archdeacon, subscriptions were raised, Sir Walter 
Blackett giving ^"500. These subscriptions were increased by a grant from 

' ArcJibishop 0/ York's Papers. 

^ The 40s. a year devised by Ritschell is charged on South Nunbush, in tlic parish of Warden ; the 9s. 
a year devised by Dixon on a house in Hencoats. 


Queen Anne's bounty, until the amount reached the sum of ^1,200, out of 
which ^1,170 was invested in the purchase of an estate at Mollersteads, to 
provide a permanent endowment for the minister, to whom the incumbent 
of Hexham relinquished the surplice fees. The presentation was vested in 
the lord of the manor. 

Curates of Whitley Chapel. 

i6iy. Richard Parker occurs as curate of Hexhamshire, one of his children being buried at Hexliani. 

1743, Sept. 26th. Thomas Hudson licensed by the archbishop of York. Ordained deacon the day 
before. Licensed again June 9th, 1745. Also curate of HIanchland, and master of the grammar school, 

1748. Abraham Brown appears at the visitation. He was only licensed by the archbishop on 20th 
August, 1765, on the nomination of Sir Walter Blackett; was minister of the chapel for sixty years, and 
master of the grammar school, Hexham. He married at Chollerton on the 23rd June, 1747, Alice Dixon, 
by whom he left no issue. The will of Abraham Brown of Mollersteads, clerk, d-ited i6th June, 1812, 
desires his body to be buried at Whitley chapel, and devises to 'my nephew James Walker, my five godsons 
Abraham Bolam of Weardale, lead miner, Mr. Forster of Newcastle, sadler, William Elliot, son of the late 
Rev. Henry Elliot of Bamburgh, John, son of John Cook, and William, son of Thomas Armstrong 
of Hexham, glover, ^5 a piece. To poor of Whitley chapelry interest on .£100, to schoolmaster of Whitley 
chapel interest on ;Ci2o, my niece Margaret Williamson, widow, my nephew Abraham Walker, and my 
late nephew Wm. Walker.' Whitley Chapd Register. 

1813, April. John Hewetson licensed by the archbishop on the death of Brown, on the nomination of 
John Waite, vicar of Isell, in Cumberland, the p.atron. He had Richard Close for his sub-curate, and held 
the curacy of Birness, in Elsdon.' 

1841. William Sisson of University college, Durham. The present incumbent, also vicar of Slaley. 


Here rests all that is mortal of the Rev. Abraham Brown upwards of 60 years minister of Whitley 
chapel and its first perpetual curate, who died Nov. 8, 1812, aged 92 years. Also of Alice, his wife, who 
died Jan. 4, 1780, aged 79 years. 

In memory of Thomasine, wife of John Carr of Dotland park, who died January 1 5, 1 793, aged 37 years. 
Mary, wife of George Davison of Marley Coatwalls, died .April 25, 1795, aged 67 years. 

In memory of John Carr of Dotland park, who died 9 July, 1831, aged 87. And of Thomasine, his 
wife, who died 15 January, 1793, aged 36. Also John and George, their sons. John died 20 Oct., 1844, 
aged 58. George died 20 June, 1868, aged 84. They all died at Dotland park. 

In Memory of John Carr of Dotland, who died January 2, 1789, aged 57 years. Also Mary, his wife, 
died January 25, 1809, aged 77 years. 

The burial place of Thomas and Ann Carr of Dotland. Hannah, their daughter, died May 8, 1829, 
aged 21. 

In memory of George, son of Thomas Carr of Dotland, who died May 26, 1805, aged 5 years. Also 
Hannah, daughter of Thomas Carr, who died June 15, 1806, aged 2 years. 

The burial place of William Curry of Lilswood. Annbell, his daughter, died December 12, 1812, 
aged i2> years. The above William Curry departed this life June 10, 1814, aged 62 years. Also Margaret, 
his wife, who died April 25, 1837, aged 85 years. Also Robert, their son, who died at Long-lee, July 5, 
1851, aged 54 years. Also Mildred Dodd, their daughter, who died at High Staples, Feb. 4, 1847, 
aged 55 years. Also James Dodd, her husband, died 25 February, 1870, aged 80. 

In memory of Michael Dodd, Black-hall, who died May 3, 1859, aged 73 years. Also Mary, his wife, 
who died at Morton-grange, January 31, 1873, aged 77 years. Also Margaret, their daughter, who died 

' Hewetson never ministered at Whitley chapel e.Kcept on the day of his reading in. Ex. inf. the 
Rev. W. Sisson, 1896. 


February 1 1, 1848, aged 28 years. Also Eleanor, wife of William Dodd of Black-hall, who died April 26, 
1 861, aged 23 years. Also the above William Dodd of East Benton, who died September i, 1890 
aged 66 years. 

The burial place of John Featherstone of Black-hall in this county, who died 4 October, 1808, aged 
70 years. Also Barbara, relict of the above, died 3 July, 1821, aged 71 years. And of their children, 
Margaret, Wharton, Thomas, who died at different periods of time. 

John Johnson of White-hall departed this life June 28, 1780, aged 82 years. 

The family burial place of John and Mary Johnson of Hamburn-hall, William, their youngest and last 
surviving son, born 20 April, 1790 (sic). 

Sacred to the memory of John Johnson of Hamburn-hall, who died 20 ."Xpril, 1834, aged 83 years. 
And of Mary, his wife, who died 20 April, 1810, aged 56 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Johnson of White-hall, who died June 16, 1828, aged 70 years. Mary, 
his wife, died Sept. 1 1, 1830, aged 74 years. Thomas, their son, died Nov. 5, 1791, aged 5 years. Hannah, 
their daughter, died July 20, 1814, aged 29 years. Samuel, their son, died Feb. 22, 1826, aged 37 years. 
John, their son, died at Berwick-on-Tweed, Oct. 7, 1830, aged 47 years. 

In memory of Thomas Johnson, grocer, who died at Hexham, March 11, 1862, aged 68 years. And 
of Hannah, his wife, who died Aug. 11, 1885, aged 77 years. 

In memory of William Johnson of Newcastle-on-Tyne, who died Nov. 12, 1S75, aged 86 years. 

The stained east window is inscribed : To the glory of God given with /400 in trust for the poor in 
memory of Samuel and Thomasina Johnson, natives of this chapelry, by their son Thomas, who died at 
Sea House, Scremerston, Jan. 18, 1894, aged 74 years.' 

Sacred to the memory of Robert Stoker of Chapel-house, who died 6th September, 1832, aged 63 years. 

My coals are spent, my iron gone. 
My nails are drove, my work is done. 
My mortal part rests nigh this stone, 
My soul to heaven I hope is gone. 

My anvil and hammers lies declin'd, 

My bellows have quite lost their wind, 

My fire's extinct, my forge decay'd, 

My vices are in the dust all laid, 
In memory of the Rev. W. J. D. Waddilove, M.A., of Beacon-grange, who died October 28, 1859, 
aged 74 years. Also of Elizabeth Anne, his wife, who entered into rest March 7, 1874, aged 86 years. 
Also in memory of John Alexander, infant son of Admiral and Mrs. C. Waddilove, born Dec. 13, 1S83, 
died Dec. 25, 18S3. Also of Mary Elizabeth, wife of Admiral Waddilove, died at Admiralty house, 
Sheerness, Jan. 10, 1888, aged 43. 

Register, Ch.\rities, etc. 
The register begins in 1764, the year of severance ; the earlier portion is in the beautiful handwriting 
of Abraham Brown. 

1765, May 15th. Thomas Wear of parish of Brinkburn and .■\nn Angus of this chapelry married. 

1766, August and September. .Mr. Cuthbert Teasdale of parish of Hexham, and Miss .Anne 
West of this chapelry, banns published, married at Hexham. 

1769, June 1st. Mr. Joseph Clark of parish of Heddon-on-the-Wall and Miss Hannah Angus of this 
chapelry married. 

1770, June 2nd. William Angus and Catherine .-^ngus, both of this chapelry. 

1774, November. Mr. Henry Angus of this chapelry and Miss Mary Teasdale of the parish of 
Hexham, banns published, married at He.xham. 

1777, December 21st. Mr. John Johnson and Miss Mary Bell, both of this chapelry, married. 

1782, February 8th. Mr. Thomas Adamson of Spital Shield buried. 

1799, April 23rd. Emma, daughter of Mr. William Walker, Quayside, parish of All Saints, 
Newcastle, buried. 

The charities of Robert Farbridge, Anthony Farbridge, Henry Di.xon, Robert Walton, and Robert 
Forster have already been given." 

' 20th .•\pril, 1818, Samuel Johnson and Thomasine Carr married. Hexham Register. 

■ \'ol. iii. p. 176. 


By his will dated 20th April, 1715, Robert Dixon directed that ^20 should be placed at interest for the 
poor of tl-.e High and Middle Quarters, and that ^10 should be paid to the minister of Whitley cha])el. If 
there was no minister there, the money was to be given to the poor. 

By his will dated September 29th, 1726, William Dixon left ^40, the interest of which was to be given 
yearly to the poor in the High Quarter at Christmas and Easter. 

The money derived from the above charities has been invested in a house at He.\ham, which in 1830 
was let at a yearly rent of ^11. 

Abraham Brown's legacy was invested by the trustees on a mortgage on Oakpool and Hole Haugh in 
Keenley and Catton, which were surrendered on the 12th October, 1825, by John Blair, to the use of 
Richard Angus and John Ord, subject to redemption, with interest at 5 per cent. Interest was paid at the 
rate of 4A per cent, in 1830, and one moiety of it is paid to the schoolmaster, who teaches five children 
selected by the trustees gratis. The remaining moiety is annually divided among the poor of the three 
Quarters which form the chapelry.' 

Before attempting any account of the descent of the landed estates, or 
of their former owners, it may be desirable to describe certain features 
characteristic of and common to the district. The uncultivated heather-clad 
uplands, which have never been under the plough, and are generally grazed 
as stinted pastures, are designated fells," a word chiefly used in the western 
and south-western parts of the county, and probably introduced from the 
Scandinavian settlements of Cumberland and Liddesdale. These fells are 
drained, and divided from one another, by numerous sikes,' water courses, 
and burns. In the beautiful glens and vallevs through which these streams 
flow, are situated most of the ancient hamlets and estates held in severalty. 
The higher fells, generally uninhabited, have here and there a small home- 
stead, to whose place-natne the word shield is frequently attached. Originally, 
no doubt, they were huts of turf and wood, and occupied onlv during the 
summer by shepherds pasturing flocks of black-faced sheep. In the Iter 
of Wark, they are designated 'scalinga,' and in the Great Survey of the 
Borders, in 1542, it is said, ' About the begenyege of Aprill thev take the 
moste parte of there cattell, and goo with them upe into highe landes, and 
there buylde them lodges and sheeles, untill the moneth of August . 
and the maner of there goinge furthe to pasture they calle someringe or 
shelling.' With the shed, there was a fold for cattle or sheep, as at Sandhoe 
in 1479, where was a 'schep-cott quae vocatus Horme-scheles.' The best 
known instances of the use of the word are the towns of North and South 

' Further Report of the Charity Commissioners, 1830. 

■ ' Fell,' sb. [from Old Norse fiall (Swedish fidll, Danish fjcld), mountain, perhaps : O. Teutonic i= /f/co 
m. related by ablaut to- faliso, O. H. G. felis, mod. G. fels, rock.] I. A hill, mountain. 2. A wild 
elevated stretch of waste or pasture land ; a moorland ridge, down. Dr. Murray, New English 
Dictionary, sub voce. 

' ' Sike,' a small rill, the feeder of a burn. R. O. Heslop, Northumberland Words. 


Shields at the mouth of the Tyne, once the huts or sheels of fishermen. 
The homesteads throujjhout the district are invariably built of the native 
stone, originally covered with heavy, so-called grey, 'sandstone slates,' or dark 
heather thatch, now yielding to blue slates. The farm houses, facing south- 
ward, generally built of two stories with a to-fall,' have almost always 
plantations to protect them from the west wind, and though these planta- 
tions have sometimes sycamores in them, they are more usually composed of 
ash trees, a custom which may have its origin in the fact that the ash was 
extensively used for the construction of carts and agricultural implements 
when iron was scarcer than it is now.^ For this reason, the ash was grown 
in the hedgerows or about the precincts of the homesteads in other parts of 
the county. 


The Low Quarter, the northernmost of the three divisions of Whitley 
chapelrv, lies, roughly speaking, between the West Dipton burn and the 
Ham burn. The countrv between these two streams is almost entirely given 
up to pasture, and along the West Dipton burn and the Devil's Water, 
which forms the eastern boundary of the district, are many scenes of great 
beautv. The bed of the West Dipton burn is for the most part broad 
and shallow, and it is thickly overhung by trees and bushes, but the 
Devil's Water has in many places worked its way through the rock, forming 
deep ravines, where the precipitous banks which overhang the stream are 
richly clothed with foliage. 

The area of the township is 3,651 acres, and its present rateable value 
amounts to j^2,56o. Although the smallest of the three Quarters forming 
the chapelry, it contains half the total population of the three, and the same 
proportion has been maintained throughout the century." There is not so 
much discrepancy, however, in the rateable value. 

' 'To-fair or 'tee-fall,' a mode of building in the pent-house form. C/. R. O. Heslop, Northumber- 
land Words. 

■ Ashes made from ash timber were used in domestic bleaching. On the Scottish side of the Border 
ash trees were especially valued as providing the six ells long shafts for spears and pikes, and tree 
planting about homesteads was ordered by Acts of the Parliament of Scotland. Cf. Godscroft, History of 

House of Douglas. 

'The Census Returns are: 1801,404; 1811,428; 1821,446; 1831,544; 1841,479; 1831,488: 1861, 
454; 1871,422; 1881,367; 1891,342. 


The majority of the estates of the Low Quarter lie along the streams 
which form its boundaries. 

In the north-eastern corner are situated the Linnels mill, Lamb- 
shield, Hole-house,' Birks," Houtley,^ Fogget,* and Dipton mill. The 
Linnels mill and Lamb-shield are intimately associated with Newbiggin ; 
indeed the Linnels mill is identical with Newbiggin mill, for, in 1623, 
Richard Thirlwall surrenders Newbiggin alias Linnels mill to Francis 
Radcliffe, son of the late Sir Francis Radcliife, bart.^ 

The Linnels bridge," on the line of the ratione teniirce^ road from 
Hexham to Slaley and Blanchland, spans the Devil's Water with a single 
arch. Enshrined in beautiful scenery, and overhung and surrounded by 
foliage, it has replaced a bridge of earlier construction. A stone slab, of 
Renaissance character, built into the parapet, gives the exact date of the 
earlier structure. The stone had once an inscription on either side ; that on 
the outside only is now legible, and reads : 


The figure 8 has become so abraded that it resembles and may be read 
as 3. That 1581 is the correct date is supported bv the character of the 
mouldings of the slab, as interpreted by architectural experts. The present 

' The Hole-house, in 1663, owned by Henry Simpson, has become connected with Newbiggin, and is 
now owned by Capt. Atkinson. 

" The Birks, which in 1653 was, with Lamb-shield, surrendered to John Thirwall, is now owned by the 
representatives of the late Admiral Waddilove. 

' Houtley, which in 1765 belonged to Samuel Marriot of Okerland and Morpeth, was in 1793 sold by 
his son, Samuel Marriot of Newcastle, for ^3,850 to Jasper Gibson, and now belongs to the representatives 
of the late .Admiral Waddilove. 

' Fogget is owned by the daughters of the late Sir Henry Clavering. ' Hexham Manor Rolls. 

' Inquisition taken at Lynnell bridge in the Liberty of Hexham, 21 April. 1582, before Cuthbert 
Carnaby, esq., Thomas Baytes, surveyor of Northumberland, and others. The jury say that there are 
various coal mines and stone quarries on the waste or common of Hexham between the following 
boundaries : from the paling of Uilston park on the east to Nubbock Dykes on the west, abutting on the 
fields of Hexham on the north, and on Devil's Water, Newbiggin fields and Dipton boorne on the south : 
and that the said mines and quarries may conveniently be acquired without damage to surrounding 
inhabitants : and that a lease of the mines is worth 5s. per annum, and of the quarries 1 2d. beyond the 
stones necessary for buildings for the inhabitants from ancient times taken to their use. Exchajuer Special 
Commissions, 24 Eliz. Northumberland, No. 1740. 

' At common law the parish \s prima facie bound to repair all highways lying in it, unless by prescrip- 
tion it can throw the onus on particular persons by reason of their tenure ; but when tliis is the case it is 
byway of exception to the general rule, i Revised Reports, 443. The burden of repair ratione teniira has 
generally arisen from unauthorised inclosures. ' If a man incloses his land in a common field f.v iitraque 
parte of an highway he shall be bound to repair by reason of the encroachment tho' he was not liable 
before.' Coinyns, Digest Tit. Chimen. 

' Humphrey Errington occurs in 1582 as supervisor to the will of John Errington of the Linnels. 
Raine, Test. Dunelm. 








Structure may perhaps date from 1698, in which year, at the Midsummer Ses- 
sions held at Hexham, Benedict Errington,^ of the Linnels, and John Heron, 
of Todburn (?) Steel, the then owners of the Linnels, were presented by the 
grand jury, for having suffered the Linnels 
bridge to go out of repair, it having been at 
first built by the owner of the Linnels.' 

The Lamb-shield consists of a farm, 
the homestead of which stands on the 
bank overhanging the Devil's Water, 
and communicates with Newbiggin by 
the Peth, and of the old walk or fulling 
mill on that stream. It was in the pos- 
session of Lancelot Thirlwall in 1582, 
and in 1653 was surrendered by Ralph 
Widdrington of Colwell (who was pro- 
bably a trustee) to John Thirlwall 
of Newbiggin, with whose de- 
scendants it remained until the 
middle of last century; when, at the 
dispersal of the Thirlwall estates, it 
was sold for ;£ 1,400 to Joseph Lambert, 
who also purchased the Linnels mill for 
;^350. From the Lamberts it passed to 
their descendants and heirs, the Charl- 
tons of Reedsmouth, by the last'' of 
whom it was devised to the Haggerstons 
of Ellingham. Sir John Haggerston, 

the present owner of the Lamb-shield, has sold off the Walk mil 
Linnels mill, and a few acres of land. 

The beautifully-wooded domain of Newbiggin fills the corner formed 
by the junction of the West Dipton burn, whose banks the mansion over- 
hangs, and the Devil's Water. Its woods have long been noted, and Bailey 

' 28th March, 1680, Bennet Errington was presented by the parish of Corbridge for non-payment of 
church cess, and was excommunicated. At the Michaehnas Sessions, 1684, he and his wife, iMargery, 
were presented as papists. Sess!0?is Records. ■ Ibid. Bell Collection. 

^ The Newcastle papers advertised to be sold in July, 1843, ^'"5 Lamb-shield and fulling mill, the 
Linnels bridge corn mill. High Ardley, Cook's-house, East Greenridge, and the Hall Shield parcel of the 
estates of Edward Charlton, deceased. 

Vol. IV. 


and Ciilley, writing at the end of last century, commend the management of 
the then owner of the estate, Anthony Surtees, who ' takes his [wood] away 
m patches ; and as the older trees interfere with the younger springs, and 
where a thriving healthy oak is in a convenient situation, he lets it stand for 
timber ; by this means the young spring is sheltered, and an annual produce 
of upwards of ;^ioo is obtained from sixty acres of woodland.' ' 

The road which runs past Newbiggin is flanked by what are perhaps 
the finest quick-thorn hedges in the county, their unbroken walls attaining 
the height of i6 feet. 

The earliest mention of the place is in a charter, dated May 8th, 
1355, by which Archbishop Thoresby granted to Richard de Ask, bailiflf, 
and Sir Henry de Barton, auditor of Hexham manor, the right to let to 
ferm the parks of Allendale Town and Westwood, and the lordship of 
the townships of Newbiggin and Thockerington.^ It is noteworthy that 
in this document Newbiggin ranks as a township, and is classed with 
Thockrington ; it is, however, seldom mentioned in medieval times. Its 
value was much increased bv the possession of a mill, which was owned 
by the canons of Hexham, and for this privilege, and for another mill at 
Ham-burn, the prior and convent were bound to pay the archbishop of 
York a rent of ten marks yearly.^ In the survey of 1547 the tenement was 
in the hands of Sir Reginald Carnabv, who seems to have appropriated 
everything that had any connection with the lately-dissolved priory ; but 
later on it passed out of the possession of his family. In 1582, according to 
the will of Lancelot Thirlwall, Newbiggin was in the possession of his family,^ 
the Thirlwalls of Thirlwall, to which Richard Thirlwall, mentioned in 1608, 
must therefore have belonged. In the survev of 1608 it appears, like Green- 
ridge, as divided into two parts, known as East and West Newbiggin, and 
was then in the hands of Edward Errington* and Richard Thirlwall. Richard 
Thirlwall was in possession of Newbiggin mill, and he probably held the 
more important part of the property. His family remained on the estate 
until the earlier part of the eighteenth century. 

' Bailey and Culley, Agricultural Survey of Northumberland, 1797, p. 108. 

= York Registers, Thoresby, f. 300 a. 'Hexham Priory, Raine, ii. pp. 1 1, 140. 

' DurJiam Wills and Inventories, Raine, p. 76, Surt. Soc. i. 

' 31 Aug., 1697. Will of Ralph Errington of Newbegin, gent. To be decently buried at the discrecion of 
my loving wife, Mary Errington. To my dear and loving wife all my gold and plate and my household goods. 
My mannors, lands, etc., in Northumberland (an annuity of £72 granted to me by Leonard Thompson 
of Yorke, goldsmith, and Cuthbert Ogle of Kirkelcy, gent., out of the manor of Kirkeley and their lands 




(For earlier generations see Hodgson, Xcrlhumbcrland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 145.) 

Akms : Quarterly. I and 4, sable ; a chevron argent between three boars' heads erased or. 2 and 3, argent ; two liars 

gules ; on chief three cinque-foils sable ; a mullet for difference (Errington). 

Lancelot Thirlwall of Thirhvall and Newbiggin ; = Thomasine, daughter of Sir George Heron 
will dated 27th Dec., 1582 ; proved 1583. of Chipchase (c). 

Robert Thirlwall, 
' receiver of Hex- 
ham ' ; married 
1st Dec, 1579 
(a) ; died s.p. 
before 1608. 

Isabella, daughter 
of ... Errington 
of Corbridge ; 
remarried before 
1608 George Er- 
rington of the 
Linnells mill. 

Richard Thirlwall = 
of Thirlwall ; in 
1608 ' receiver of 
Hexham ' and 
owner of Newbig- 
gin ; died before 
14th Oct., 1628. 

Frances, daugh- 
ter of Thomas 
Carleton of 
Carleton in 

Ralph Thirl- ^ Margaret, daugh- 

wall of the I ter of John 

Over-hall. I Ridley of Wall- 

I town (c). 




William Thirl- ^^ Elizabeth, daugh- George Thirlwall of = Margaret, 

17,-' L'u 



ter of Thomas 
Swinburn of 

Rothbury and Har- 
bottle, when in 
1618 he sold lands 
in Wardrew. 




1 1 1 

1 1 

Mally ; married Roger 
Widdrington of Col- 

[Eleanor] ; married Sir 
Ephraim Widdrington 
of Ritton. 

Francis Thirlwall. Major John Thirlwall of Rothbury ; buried := Jane Reay ; 

25th Nov., 1663 ((/) ; administration bond of 

granted 26th April, 1664, to John Thirl- marriage, 

wall of Newbiggin, ' germanus,' the Nov., 1663. 

widow renouncing («) ; inventory taken 
31st Dec, 1663 (/). 

Richard Thirlwall of Newbiggin and Cooks-house in 164 1 (Ji) ; buried 
19th Feb., 1653/4 («)* (perhaps son of Ralph T. of Over-hall.) 

Eleanor ; ^ John Thirlwall of Newbiggin, in 1654 found to ^ Mary 

William Thirlwall of 
Rothbury hall ; 
living 1661 {d). 

Mary ; ' died in ye flower of youth, 
buried in ye porch of Cartington,' 
20th March, 1660/1 {d). 

joined with 
her husband 
in surrender 

be son and heir of Richard Thirhvell ; in 1663 buried 

assessed to county rate for Thirlwall, Newbiggin, Hexham 

Upper and Lower Ordley, Cooks-house, Ovishill, church, 

and East Greenridge ; in 1664 next of kin and ad- 21st Jan., 

ministrator of Major John Thirlwall of Rothbury ; 1699/1700 

buried in Hexham church, 30th Jan., 1699/1700 (a), 
(d); administration granted 22nd March, 1699/1700 
to son William. 

Frances ; married Gilbert Park of 
Wharton. ' .Mr. Gylbert Park 
of Wharton and Mrs. Frances 
Thirhvall of Newbigging mar- 
ried,' 3rd Feb., 1654 5 (a) (d). 
Her grandson Gilbert Park in 
.\pril, 1777, was ' heir expectant 
to Thirlwall.' 

I I 

John Thirlwall ; died at Newbig- 
gin, and was buried in Hexham 
church, 27th March, 1654 (a). 

John Thirlwall ; died at Newbig- 
gin, and was buried in Hexham 
church, 4th June, 1686 (d). 

Frances, daughter of Sir : 
F^rancis Salkeld of White- 
hall, Cumberland. Articles 
before marriage 2 1st Sept., 
1686 ; died at Newbiggin, 
and was buried in Hexham 
church, 20th Dec, 1 696(0). 

William Thirlwall of Newbiggin = Lucy, daughter of 
and of Thirlwall ; purchased Thomas Warwick 

Wardrew in 1675 ; living 1702 ; of Warwick, in 

died...; administration granted Cumberland; mar- 

iithNov.,i7io,toJohnShafto, ried there April, 

the principal creditor. 1699 (a). 

Eleanor, daughter and co-heiress; married before 1738 Matthew 
Swinburn, second son of Sir William Swinburn of Capheiton, 
bart. She registered her estates as a Roman Catholic, 3rd 
Jan., 1724, and charged Newbiggin with .^15 per annum, pay- 
able to the Benedictine order for the relief of poor Roman 
Catholics. She resided at Warwick-hall, and died s.p. at 
Cambray, 14th Dec, 1777 (/). 

Cecilia; died in 
infancy, and 
was buried 
27th Jan., 
1 701/2 (a). 

Mary Thirlwall, daughter and 
co-heiress, living 24th Oct., 
1752, 'but was gone into 
Italy or France, whence she 
never returned, and, being 
never married, became a 
nun '; died aged 60. 

(a) Hexham Register. (c) Visitation. (/) Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

(<5) Court Rolls. (a') Rothbury Register. (/) Newcastle papers, loth January, 1778. 

* But Oct., 1653, John Thirlwall of Newbiggin, son of Philip Thirlwall of Hexham, surrendered Cooks-house, 
Newbiggin, and East Greenridge, to John Thirlwall, jun., his son and heir. It is also uncertain whether Richard 
Thirlwall, who died in 1654, was the son of Richard Thirlwall, who died in 162S, or whether he was identical with 
Richard, second son of Ralph Thirlwall. 



Evidences to the Pedigree of Thirlwall. 
1606. George Errington of I.innell mill, and Isable his wife, late wife of 
Robert Thirlwall, esq.: the said Robert held two parts of Newbiggin and the 
Birks, Hole-house, East Greenridge, and a whole tenement in I.illswood called 

June, 16S6. Mr. John Thirlwall of Newbiggin, is shot with a pistol in 
Hexham-lane near Gaoler's style, by Mr. Richard Hayles, with whom he is 
fighting. Mr. Thirlwall was greatly to blame." 

2ist September, i5S6. John Thirlwall of Newbiggin, esq., and Eleanor, his 
wife, surrendered two tenements called Easter and Wester Newbiggin, a village 
called Easter Greenridge, a tenement called Upper Ardley and Cooks-house, to 
Ralph Clavering of Callaly, esq., and Edward Charlton of Hesleyside, esq., in 
trust (and in 1724, Edward Charlton of Hesleyside was found to have died 
seised of the said premises, William Charlton of Hesleyside, esq., being his son 
and heir).' 

1747. To be sold several copyhold estates in Hexham-shire, Newbiggin, Lamb-shield, Linnel mill, Hunterley, 
house, Hole-house, and Throsling-hall, Easter Greenridge, Hall-sheel, Whinnetly, Cooks-house, and Upper Ardley. 
With good conveniences on each farm, and a good quantity of oak, ash, and birch wood. Enquire of Mr. Edward 
Smith of Capheaton, or Mr. Richard Ellis of Hexham.' 

Matthew Swinburn sold Greenridge to William Charlton, esq., for /i, 558 ; Newbiggin to Cuthbert Surtees, 
esq., for /i,78o ; Lamb-shield to Mr. Joseph Lambert for .^1,400 ; and Linnel mill for ;^350 ; total, .^5,088. From a 
note, dated 6th March, 1752, and signed by Matthew Swinburn and Richard Ellis.' 

1749, i6th May, 23 George 11. Matthew Swinburn, and Eleanor his wife, being in need of money, and having 
already mortgaged their estate to William Waters of Wallsend, gent., for /2,500, borrow a further sum of /S15 
from Sarah Ogle of Newcastle, widow. Matthew Swinburn is described as a younger brother of Sir John Swinburn 
of Capheaton, bart., deceased, and his wife as one of the daughters and co-heirs of William Thirlwall of Newbiggin, 
esq., deceased, who was eldest son and heir of John Thirlwall, theretofore of Newbiggin, esq. The deed recites an 
agreement made 24th June, 1716, between Mary Thirlwall, spinster, eldest daughter and one of the co-heirs of 
the said William Thirlwall, by Frances his first wife, John Warwick of Warwick-hall, esq., Lucy Thirlwall the second 
wife and widow of William Thirlwall, and Eleanor Swinburn, by the then name Eleanor Thirlwall, the other 
daughter and co-heiress of said William Thirlwall. The purport of the agreement is to convey the interest in certain 
estates of Mary Thirlwall, the eldest daughter to Eleanor, the younger daughter in consideration of a gross payment 
of ;r8oo, and an annuity of ;^20 per annum.' 

1752, 20th Feb. Matthew Swinburn and Eleanor his wife, surrender Easter Greenridge and Cooks-house, and 
Whinnetly mill, to William Charlton of Reedsmouth ; and a pew in Hexham church to Cuthbert Surtees of 
Ebchester, gent.' 

1752, 24th October. May Thirlwall, spinster, one of the daughters and co-heiress of William Thirlwall, 
surrenders her reversionary interest in Easter Greenridge to Edward Charlton of Reedsmouth, in the Lamb-shield, the 
I.innell mill, etc., to Joseph Lambert of Gateshead, mercer, in Newbiggin to Cuthbert Surtees of Ebchester, in Howtly 
the Hole-house, Throsling-hall, Easter and Wester Birks, to William Newton of Burnopfield-head, gent.' 

' Hexham Manor Rolls. " York Castle Depositions, Raine, p. 1 88 n. Surt. Soc. 

' NeiLXastU Courant, l8th April, 1747. 

' Hodgson, Northiim/ierlainl, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 148. ' Eiirolments with the clerk of the peace. 

in Kirkcley, Bendrige, Millburne, Dodington and Brinkeley excepted) to my trusted and well-beloved 
friends, Nicholas Thornton of Netherwitton, esq., Robeit DoUman of Pocklinglon, esq., Michael Anne 
of Burghwallis. esq., and Benony Carr of Hexham, gent., on trust, to pay to my wife £\oo per ann. ; if she 
marry before my daughter, Jane Errington, be 2 1, to have ^60 per ann. To my daughter, i\lary Errington, 
^100. To my nephew, Jolin Heron of Ingoe, gent., £\oo. To my niece, Mary Heron, one of the sisters of 
the said John./aoo. To my nieces, Elizabeth and Anne Heron, sisters of the said John Heron, each ^100. 
The rest of my estate to be disposed towards the use of my said datighter, Jane Errington, when 21 ; 
but if she marry before then without the good liking and consent of my wife and the major part of my 
trustees, they shall only pay her ^1,500. They shall also pay to my loving sister, Katherine Heron, wife 
of George Heron of Ingoe, /20 per ann. for life. If my daughter, Jane, die before she be of age or be 
married, then all to go to my said nephew, John Heron. My trustees executors. Raine, Test. Ehov. 

1697, 6th Sept. Ralph Eninyton of Newbiggin, gent., papist, buried at St. John Lee. Hcxh:im 


Though there were many branches who carried on the family, the main 
line ended in an heiress, Eleanor, daughter of William Thirhvall, by his 
second wife, Lucy Warwick. She appears to have lived at Warwick-hall, 
in Cumberland, the home of her mother's family, and was residing there 
unmarried, when, in 1724, as a Roman Catholic, she registered her landed 
estates in Northumberland. In addition to Thirhvall castle and its 
dependencies, she registered the estates of Newbiggin, the Lamb-shield, 
the Linnels mill, the Birks, the Hole-house, Whinnetley-house, Greenridge, 
Cooks-house, Upper Ardley, and Sipton Shield, all in the regality of 
Hexham. She married Matthew Swinburne, second son of Sir William 
Swinburne of Capheaton, but had no issue, and before 1752 she and her 
husband had sold all her Northumbrian estates in parcels. 

The accompanying pedigree of this very ancient house, which is not 
however complete, is intended to supplement that compiled by the Rev. 
John Hodgson, so far as Newbiggin is concerned. 

Cuthbert Surtees, the purchaser of Newbiggin, was a member of the wide- 
spread family of that name, who from an early period was settled in the valley 
of the Derwent, in the county of Durham ; dying in 1759, he left an only son, 
Anthony, who had attained his majority in 1765, when Cuthbert Surtees of 
Medomsley, his late father's brother, surrendered to his use Newbiggin and 
lands in Dotland common. As an officer in the Northumberland militia he 
distinguished himself in the suppression of the Gordon riots in London in 
1780.^ He died unmarried, when his estates devolved upon the issue of his 
only sister, and are now possessed by her descendant, Captain Atkinson. 

Lving to the south-west of Newbiggin are two of the most considerable 
farms in the Quarter, Dotland park and Dotland. The latter, which belongs 
to Mrs. H. A. Campbell and her two sisters, the Miss Claverings, has a well- 
built, grey-slated homestead, with a house built more squarely than is usual 
in the district, and is sheltered on the west by a plantation of ash and 
sycamore. It stands between the seven and eight hundred feet contour- 
line, forms a prominent feature in the landscape, and from its elevation 
commands a view on the north as far as the Cheviot hills." Some of the 
pasture fields have high curved ridges, due to the old system of ploughing by 

^ GeiitUman's Mi^g. and Atviual Register for 1780. 

'' Dowly Gotland stands on the hill, I Barker-house 's a little below, 
Hungry Varcesh looks at it still, | There's mokes i' the cairn at Hamburn ho'. 

Heslop, Northumberland Words, sub voce 'Dowly.' 




Matthew Wilson of Keptown, Lanarkshire; purchased Kingswood nth March, 1709 (e). 

William Wilson of Chapel-house; had conveyance of 
Kingswood 12th June, 1712, and voted for same in 
1722; buried 2nd Oct., 1748 (//) ; will dated iSth 
April, 1746 ; proved 8th March, 1749 (;). 

Jane ; died at Kingswood ; buried October, 1730 

(/>') ? [ist June, 1696, William Wilson of Oakpool 
and Jane \'icars of Hindley married (/'')']. 

Leonard Wilson of = 

= Elizabeth Craigy; 

Kingswood, son 

married 13 th 

and heir; buried 

May, 1724 W; 

28th Feb., 1769 

living 2lst 

(16); will dated 

Mar., 1772 (0- 

28th Ian., 1769 ; 

proved 2nd Mar., 

1770 (O- 

I I I I 

William (c). 

Thomas (c). 

Anne ; married 
George Thomp- 
son (c). 

Mary ; married 
William Whar- 
ton (c). 

Cuthbert Surtees of New- = Dorothy, daughter 

biggin, son of Anthony 
Suriees of Milkwell- 
burn ; buried loth 
Dec, 1759, aged 52 («); 
will dated ist Dec, 
1759; proved at York 

of Walker Sur 
tees of Stocks- 
field hall; buried 
15th Jan., 1757, 
aged 49 (a). 

I I I I I 
Daniel; buried nth Sept., 1750 (i). 
Adah ; married Thomas Harle of 

Newcastle (r). 
Elizabeth ; married George Gibson 

of Westwood (c). 
Mary ; married George Pearson. 

William Wilson, son and heir ; 
in 1762 of Haydon Bridge; 
afterwards of Kingswood, for 
which he voted in 1774 ^"^ 
which he sold 23rd Sept., 1790; 
articles before marriage nth 
and I2th June, 1762 (c). 

Elizabeth, sister 
and heiress ; 
will dated 7th 
Sept., 1808 ; 
proved 6th 
May, 1 809(1:). 

Anthony Surtees of New- 
biggin, son and heir, a 
major in Northumber- 
land militia ; died un- 
married 20th July, 
1803, aged 60 («); will 
dated i8th Feb., 1803. 

Leonard Wilson of 
Newbiggin and of 
Newcastle, son and 
heir ; buried 7th 
Dec, 1839; aged 
70 (3) (0- 

Elizabeth; died 12th July, 
1803 ; aged 36 («). 

Jane ; died 23rd June, 1826; 
aged 57 (a) ; will dated 
14th June, 1825 ; proved 
31st March, 1827 (c). 

Dorothy; buried 
9th Sept., 

1S40; aged 78 

John Atkinson of Garden house, New- 
castle ; died at Netherwitton 28th 
Dec, 1844; aged 75; buried at Hex- 
ham; will dated 3rd March, 1842; 
proved 17th May, 1845 (c) (c). 

Joseph Atkinson, born 15th 
June, 1797 ; died 3rd May, 
182 1 ; buried at St. Andrew's, 
Newcastle (c). 

William Atkinson of Newcastle, 
born 23rd Nov., 1799; died 
April. 1832; buried at St. 
Andrew's, Newcastle (c). 

John Atkinson of New- 
biggin, born 19th Aug., 
1801 (<) ; heir to uncle 
Leonard Wilson ; died 
27th June, 1863; aged 
62 (<■) ; buried in Hex- 
ham cemetery (c) ; will 
dated ist Jan., 1859; 
proved 17th Jan., 1864 


Anne, daughter of 
Francis Snowball 
of Netherwitton ; 
died 28th Feb., 
1863, aged 64 (/•) ; 
buried in Hex- 
ham cemetery (c). 

Elizabeth Lucy, born 15th Aug., 1803 ; 
married ... 1830, at St. Andrew's, 
Newcastle, George Hare Philipson 
of Newcastle; died ... 1881, and 
was buried at Jesmond cemetery 

Mary .Atkinson, born 2 Ist Aug., 1807 ; 
married I2th April, 1842, at St. 
John's, Newcastle, Joseph Snow- 
ball of Seaton Bum (c). -I/ 

Leonard Wilson At- Francis Atkin- John Atkinson = Maud, daughter 

kinson of New- 
biggin, son and 
heir, born 24th 
June, 1836 (f) ; 
captain, King's 
Dragoon Guards. 

son, born 20th 
May, 183S 
(<); died 28th 
Feb., 1873 


of Bedford, 
born August, 

1841 w. 

of ... Buckle 
of Richmond, 
Yorkshire (c). 

Joseph Surtees 
Atkinson, born 
22nd July, 
1849 (<■) ; died, 28th Feb., 
1873 (0. 


,1 k I 
Jane Do 


Elizabeth Mary. 

Emma, died in 


Edward Atkinson. 

I I 
Two other children. 

(a) Hfxham Rfgister and M.I. 
((5) Allendale Register. 

(c) Ex. inf. Mr. Jos. A. Philipson. 
((/) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

(«) Matthew Forster's obituary. 

* On the south front of the house at Newbiggin is a sun-dial with the inscription ; 


C. D. 



oxen. In a field to the south-east of the house are traces of extensive founda- 
tions marking the site of the ancient hamlet. The present farm has absorbed 
several smaller farms, including Dotland Fell-house, whose onstead' was burnt 
down some thirty years ago, and the Wagtail, of which only a wall is stand- 
ing. The land has formerly been more wooded than it is at present.^ 

Both estates are held as of the manor of Anick Grange, and were part of 
the endowment of Hexham priory from very ancient times, the township of 
Dotland having been given to the canons by Archbishop Thurstan.^ The 
property thus acquired was afterwards largely increased by Archbishop Grav. 
In 1226 the archbishop gave the priory 90 acres of land above, and 10 acres 
below Dotland, but reserved all essarts,'' or land newly brought into cultiva- 
tion within Dotland. For these grants he received in exchange the forest of 
Akewood, on the north side of the Tyne. He also gave to the priorv a mill 
on the stream between Dotland and Rowley (? the Ham burn), with moulter 
from the men of Eskinseles (? Eshells), and from all the men remaining on 
the archbishop's essarts. On the same day (August 4th) Archbishop Gray 
granted to the priory 64 acres of land between Dotland park and the essarts 
of Tirsterl (? the Steel); and on the 31st August, 1229, he gave the priory 
60 acres of land between Dotland and Torneley essarts, to buv the ferm of 
the mill of Dotland, and also 34 acres of land, for which thev were to pav 
IIS. 4d. a year, or at the rate of 4d. an acre.^ 

On the 9th of April, 1287, Archbishop Romayne granted the priory 35 
acres and i rood of land in Dotland and 2 acres of waste, at a total rent of 
I2S. 5d. He also gave them 15 acres 3 roods of waste adjoining the grange 
-of Dotland, in exchange for 15 acres 3 roods of arable land given by pre- 
ceding archbishops. The priory at the same time received licence to enclose 
the new property." The object of Archbishops Gray and Romayne in these 
transactions seems to have been to encourage cultivation in these remote and 
waste districts through the agency of the priory. The scheme appears to 
have been successful, and at the dissolution, six tenants are recorded as 
holding land at Dotland, paying a total rent of 66s. Sd.'^ 

' 'Onstead,' a steading or group of farm buildings consisting of stables, hovels, byres, granary, bam, 
milk house, etc. C/. R. O. Heslop, Sorthumberlaiid Wovds. 

■ The Newcastle Jouriuil of 25th February, 1749, advertises to be sold 2,400 oak trees in Dotland. 
' Prior Richard, bk. ii. cap. xi. See vol. iii. pp. 130, 139. 

' 'Assart,' sh., a piece of forest land converted into arable, by grubbing up the trees and brushwood ; 
a clearing in a forest. New Eiig. Diet. 

'Hexham Priory, Raine, ii. pp. 91-5. " Ibid. pp. 104-6. ' Ibid. p. 162. 



Dotland park occupied a peculiar position in respect to the priory. It 
seems to have been formed about 1355, when Archbishop Thoresby granted a 
Ucence to the prior and convent to enclose their wood called Uotland park 

with a higher wall, and make it into a park.' 
In 1547 the park was in the possession of 
the heirs of Sir Reginald Carnaby. It was 
probablv a hunting lodge of the prior and 
canons of Hexham.' The present farm 
buildings contain some remains of the older 
establishment. The most interesting are 
three windows of fifteenth- (fm[{(P!iif !y '^'/j!/,,,? ~ t, 
century work, all of them |(ii ' "' " " 
blocked up apparently long 
since. Two of these win- 
dows are to be seen on the 
outside and one is to be seen 
only from the inside of the 
house. One of the former, 
a single light, is square- 
headed, with shields in the 
angles at the top bearing the 
saltire of He.xham priory ; 
the other is a small pointed 
light. In the spandrels of the window of two lights, seen from 
the inside, is the monogram of Prior Smithson as it appears 
on the rood screen in the priory church. The present tenants 
state that when a garden was recently formed at the back of 
the house large quantities of bones were dug up, but it is not 
known whether they w^ere human or animal. 

Dotland Muster Roll, 153S.' 
Edmund Gren, John Ledall, George Robson, Ric. Cokman, Hew Don, AUexander Rowll, Thomas 
Homyll, Ric. Don, 'able with hors and harnes.' At the muster of 1580 the eight tenants of Dotland 
professed themselves ' unable ' by reason of their small holdings.' 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, ii. p. 140. It contained only 27 acres i rood. Cf. ibid. p. 10. 

^ Besides their enclosed parks the canons of Hexham had, by an early grant of Edward I., free 
warren on several of their estates. The visitation of their house show that they were only too ready to 
join in the chase. Cf. Hexham Priory, Rainc, vol. i. pp. xix. xxxviii ; and vol. ii. pp. xxii. 103, 104. 

" Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 90. ' Border Papers, Bain, vol. i. p. 22. 



At the death of Sir John Forster in 1602, Dotland house and park 
descended to his grandson, Sir John Fenwick. William Rowland, Henry 
Johnson of Hamburn-hall, James Dodd, John Sanderson, gentleman, and 
William Thirlvvall, answered for Dotland, at the Manor Court in 1659; 
whilst four years later the owners were : 

Dotland park' ... 
Dotland town ... 
Dotland town head and foot. 

The Hill 

Dotland, etc 

Mrs. Mary Fenwick ... 

Rated at. 
i s. d. 

13 6 8 

Mr. William Rowland 


Isabel Rowland 


Mr. William Sanderson of Healey 


James Dodd and Barbara Fairbridye, each 50s ... 


William Thirlwall of Dotland 


Thomas Humble at ye Hill 

. 5 6 8 

Albany Wade 


Mr. Thomas Swinbum 

. 10 10 4 

Francis Errington ye town foot 


Ann Thirlwall 


m 3 8 

A numerous and well-to-do family called Rowland were for many years 
owners, but there is not sufficient material to construct a pedigree. Thomas 
Rowland of Dotland married at He.xham, 30th March, 1626, Margaret 
Ba.xter of Greenridge. William Rowland, postmaster of Hexham, married 
Eleanor, daughter of John Taylor, and making his will on the 28th Novem- 
ber, 1666, devised to his son John (baptised i6th February, 1657/8) two 
farms in Dotland, and another farm at the same place to his son Thomas. 
The Rowlands continued to hold their lands until the beginning of last 
century, for John Ord of Newcastle, making his will on the 30th March, 
1726, devised, inter alia^ to his son James, 'my lands in Dotland, the Hill, 
Fogget, Smelting Sike, Wagtail, and Fenhouse, all in the parish of Hexham, 
lately purchased of John Rowland, senior and junior, and William Dodd.'- 
The present owners of Dotland are Mrs. H. A. Campbell and her two sisters, 
the Miss Claverings. 

South of Dotland lie the Smelting Sike, Tenter-house, and Cocker- 
letch. The Black-ball, the hamlets of Lee,' Juniper, and Fine-chambers are 
clustered together on the banks of the Rowley burn. Below the Dye-house 
bridge are the two water corn mills of Black-hall and Fine-chambers, still 

' Dotland park was long tenanted by an offshoot of the Carrs of Slaley : George Carr of Dotland park, 
farmer, made his will 22nd May, 1769, and was buried at Slaley on the 9th .August following ; besides 
three daughters, Sarah Ord of Dalton, Mary, wife of John Forster at Hartington-hall, and Elizabeth, wife 
of Thomas Kirsop of the Cowgatc, near Newcastle, he left two sons, George Carr and John Carr, both of 
Dotland park ; the latter died at the age of 87, on the 12th July, 1831. 

- Raine, Test. Ehor. ' At the Lee are four small farms. 

Vol. IV. 6 



used for 'batching';' and at the meeting of the waters of the Rowley burn 
and Devil's Water are some cottages called Pethfoot. Many of these names 
seem to owe their origin to an industry once carried on here, but now 
decayed; there was also a fulling mill. 

The Black-hall, in 1663, was, together with the mill and Steel-hall, 
rated at ;^30 to Thomas Sanderson of Healey, in the parish of Bywell St. 
Peter. A family of Swinburn had been previously settled there, and in 
1 601 administration of the estate of John Swinburn of the Black-hall, was 
granted to Gawin Swinburn, the next of kin; and on the 17th February, 
1 68s, John Swinburn of the Black-hall was buried in Hexham church. 
Probate of his will and tuition of William and Barbara, two of his children 
under age, were granted in the same year to Ann Swinburn, his widow. 
Ten vears later she was buried beside her husband, and on the 23rd May, 
1697, John Swinburn (probably her father-in-law) was also buried at the 
patriarchal age of 96. William Swinburn (perhaps son of John, who died in 
1685) married at Shotley, on the 8th May, 1698, Sarah Richardson of the 
Crooked Oak in that parish, and by her had two daughters, Ann and 
Hannah. The Black-hall soon after passed to the Featherstone family, 
whose history is sketched in the pedigree on the opposite page. 

The Black-hall, a pretty tree-sheltered place, stands high above the 
Dye-house, and belongs to and is occupied by Mr. Simon Stobbs. 

The hamlet of Juniper, or Ginifer, is subdivided into the Low, the 
Middle, and the High Juniper. At Low Juniper is a grass field and a red 
brick-fronted house (an unusual sight in this district of stone buildings) 
belonging to the vicarage of Slaley. With this hamlet was connected the 
Tyneside family of Angus.° 

Will of Titus Angus of Juniper-house, dated 13th January, 1706/7 : Whereas at the head court of the 
manor of Hexham on ist October, 1706, I surrendered my messuage called Juniper-house, with the 
lands on the north side thereof, containing, by estimation, 4 acres ; also a messuage called Lee Moor- 
house, with the lands and appurtenances thereto belonging, containing about 3 acres ; also the water 
corn mill called the Black-hall corn mill, with a kiln for drying oats and the close belonging thereto ; 
also two fulling mills at Black-hall, aforesaid, parcel of the capital messuage called Black-hall ; also 
lands called the Birkfield, etc., etc., to John Angus of Rawhouse, etc., in trust. To my daughters Mary 
and Hannah, ^30 a piece, and the household goods I got with my first wife ; to my daughter Sarah, 
^30 ; my son William, ^40 ; residue of estate to son Joseph," he allowing my wife Isabel the full third 
part thereof, she executrix.' 

' 'Batching,' grinding in batches as they are sent in by the neighhouring farmers or hinds. 

■ See Welford, Mai 0/ Mark, vol. i. p. 81. 

' Joseph Angus of Juniper-house voted for lands there in 1722. Poll Book. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 




John FeaTHERSTON of Dukesfield voted = Ann, sister of ' Jonathan Smith, esq., of London '; executrix to hus- 

for Black-hall in 1722 ; will dated iSth 
Dec, 1727; proved 1728 (c) ; buried at 
Slaley, 25th Dec, 1727. 

band's will, under which she took a life interest in Black-ball and 
its lands ; will dated 24th May, 1732 ; proved 1733 (c). 

Jonathan Featherston of Black-hall = 
and of Hexham ; voted for Black- 
ball in 1748 ; will dated 22nd 
Feb., 1745/6 ; proved 1752 (■:). 

' Mrs. Feather- Margaret; married John Hodgson of Durham, and 

ston buried 7th had ^10 per annum under her father's will. Her 

Nov., 1740' (a). children, Thomas, Anne, and Mathilda, are named 

in her mother's will. 

John Featherston of Black-hall, heir and sole 
devisee of father, baptised 4th June, 1737 
(.j) ; voted for Black-hall in 1774 ; buried 
7th Oct., 1808 ((5). 

Barbara, daughter and heiress of Thomas Jefferson 
of Black-hall ; married 6th June, 1764 (a) ; died 
at Westgate, Newcastle, and was buried jth 
July, 182 1, aged 71 (i5). 

Jonathan, baptised 
26th July, and 
buried 1st Dec, 
1738 (a-). 


Thomas Featherston of = 
Black-hall ; baptised 
26th October, 1775 
(a) ; buried 27 th 
Jan., 1814, aged 40 

= Jonathan Featherston, = 

baptised loth Aug., 
1778 (i5) ; in 1818 of 
Newbiggin, surgeon ; 
in 1826 voted for 
Black-hall, was then 
of Hexham. 

= Janet Dunbar 


Maria ; bui 
1810 (ii). 

led 2 1st Feb., Barbara Fra 
14th Sept 

zer, baptised 
., 1818 (i). 

(a) Hexham Register. 

(i5) Whitley Chapel Register. 

! I I I I I I I I 
John ; buried 9th Aug., 1784 Qi). 
Wharton ; buried 24th Aug., 1787 (f). 
Emma, baptised 3rd April, 1766 (l>). 
Margaret, baptised 1768; buried 1780(1}). 
Barbara, baptised 20th Sept., 1770 (J>). 
Ann, baptised 22nd .April, 1773 {b). 
Hannah, baptised 8th April, 1782. 
Margaret ; buried loth Sept., 1789 (^). 
Lydia ; buried nth July, 1793 (J>). 

(c) Raine, Test. Ehor. 

' To be sold, the copyhold estate of Black-hall, of 168 acres, with mansion, commonright on large common. 
Yearly value, £si- Enquire of Mr. Featherston of Hexham, attorney.' Newcastle Courant, 29th July, 1732. 

The Dye-house is a hamlet of half a dozen houses and a nonconformist 
chapel, concerning which there is at York a petition, dated 25th April, 1749, 
from David Fernie, William Shemeld, William Jackson, and Robert 
Campion, for the licensing and registration of a dwelling house called 
Juniper Dye-house, then belonging to William Angus, as a place of 
religious worship for Anabaptists.' At Fine-chambers bank-top is a newly- 
built Methodist chapel. 

The hamlet of Ordley, standing on a terrace above the Ordley scars 
and Rowley burn, and described in 1663 as ' a large towne,' has dwindled to 
a couple of small grey-slated farm houses and a few cottages. There is also 
a small school-house, kept up by subscription; the teacher's cottage which 
adjoins the school has a moulded doorway, as if it had formerly been a 
portion of a more important building. A row of lime trees, some orchards 
and closes, in which foundations can be traced, are all the indications that 
remain of its better days. 

' York Faculty Books. 


In 1517, John Stokoe of Nunbush sought sanctuary at Durham, he 
having at that place, on the day of the Invention of the Cross, killed Robert 
Ordeley.' In 1547 Ordley-hall is called Urde-hall, and belonged to Thomas 
Armstrong, whose descendants William, George, and Charles Armstrong held 
it in 1626 in conjunction with Peter Ridley. The Ridley share was owned 
in 1637 '^ii<^ '641 by Matthew Ridley, who died in 1643, leaving William 
Ridley of Softley, in Knaresdale, his heir. Matthew Ridley of Ordley 
(probably son of William) died in 166S, and Margaret Ridley, his sister, 
was his heiress, then aged 15. She married John Carr, who died in 1702, 
leaving an only daughter and heiress Ann Carr. 

The other moiety of Ordley-hall was held between 1653 and 1692 bv 
William Yare, in right of his wife, who may have been an Armstrong. His 
son, Richard, died in 1721. His will is interesting as it mentions heirlooms 
at Ordlev, such as might be found in nianv an old house in Hexhamshire. 
They were ' two tables, one great pannell chest, one bedstead, one desk 
with writings, and two pairs of barrs.' Richard Yare left two children, 
a son and daughter. James the son lived at Ordley until 1769, when he left 
his property by will to his nephew (a son of his sister Mary) John, son of 
Henry Richardson of Stephen's Lolly, county Durham, yeoman. 

nth June, 1702. The inventon' of the goods of Ehzabeth Heron of Oardley, widow : '" 

£ s. d. 

Her apparell, purse and money in ye house ... ... ... ... 10 o o 

In the fore house : one bedstead with bedding and other furniture, two 
presses, two chairs, two long stools, three kettles, three panns, five 

pewder dishes, two candlesticks, and a parcell of wooden vessells ... i 10 o 
In ye easter roome : one bedstead and other furniture, one table, one 

chair, one chist, one forme, two great chests ... ... ... ... o 15 o 

Two cowes, one quy, and a calfe ... ... ... ... ... ... 400 

A small crop of rye, oats, and wheat ... ... ... ... ... 300 

Come and hay in ye barne and garth ... ... ... ... ... i 10 o 

Debts owing to ye deceased ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 30 o o 

Total 50 i; o 

Funeral expences ... ... ... ... ... ... ^4 o o 

Kent owing by the deceased 2 13 9 

6 13 9 

£a4 2 3 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 395. 

" 5th June, 1702. Elizabeth Heron of Ourdly, widow, papist, buried. Hexham Register 


In 1832, William Brisco of Simonside and John Brisco of South 
Shields voted for lands at Ordley. Ordley now belongs to Capt. L. W. 
Atkinson of Newbiggin, who is also owner of Nunsbrough, of which 
Hutchinson, writing in 1776, speaks thus : 

Nunsbrough, where lays the most picturesque, though confined landskip, the whole county of 
Northumberland exhibits. We ascended to the brink of the precipice, near 200 feet high, from whence 
we looked down upon a sequestered vale, almost insulated by the brook, consisting of a fine level plot of 
corn land, of about eight acres, in the exact form of a horse-shoe ; the brook passing over a rugged rocky 
bottom, under the shadow of lofty hills, in various broken streams was seen on each hand, foaming from 
fall to fall, which gave a beautiful contrast to the deep hue of the groves. From the brook, the hills to 
the left arise precipitous, cloathed with a fine hanging wood, then glowing with a full sunshine ; to the 
right the steeps laying from the sun, and in the deep shade, were broken, and scattered over in wild 
irregularity with brushwood, and here and there a grotesque and knotty tree presented itself impending 
from the precipice ; in front, a fine eminence of brown rock lifted its rugged brow and closed the circle, 
dividing the waters with a promontory a few yards wide. In the clefts, and on the little levels of the rock, 
some shrubs grow ; on its crown stood ripened corn, margined with hedge-row trees, through which a 
cottage was discovered ; and by its foot, a winding road soon escaped the eye in intercepting woods, the 
rays of light fell happily upon the cliffs, and brightened their colouring. To the right and left, the more 
distant brook shewed itself in deep and rocky dells, embowered by lofty oaks. To the left hand, the hill 
which surmounts the wood, is topped with a plain of grass ground, on whose brink stands a farmhold, 
accessable by a narrow path winding up the steep, from whence the woods make a beautiful curviture : 
the distant back-ground is composed of heath lands. On the left, woodlands were seen on the circus 
winding on the mazy channel of the brook, here and there intercepted by heathy eminences ; the back- 
ground very distant, and tinged with a misty azure This is the finest natural theatre I ever 

saw ; the circle is almost geometrically just.' 

In the fork between the Rowley burn and the Devil's Water is the 
Steel. After the battle of Heavenfield, in 634, King Cadwalla was killed 
at a place called Denisesburn.^ This stream for long was identified with the 
Erring burn, and the place of Cadwalla's death was located near the chapel 
of St. Oswald's ; but the discovery^ of a charter made between Thomas da 
Whitington and Archbishop Gray, on the 23rd November, 1233, settles the 
long disputed matter, and fixes the place of Cadwalla's death at a point 
up the Devil's Water. 

'Omnibus: Thomas de Whitinton, salutem. Noveritis me concessisse Waltero Ebor. archiepiscopo, 
tertiam partem de Hoggesty, quam tenui de dono Ranulphi de Porchet, de qua cartham suam habui. 
Pro hac concessione dedit mihi dictus archiepiscopus, in escambium, xx acras terra; de vasto suo in 
Ruleystal, inter istas divisas, videlicet, inter Deniseburn et Divelis, incipiendo ex parte orientali super 
Divelis, et ascendendo ad magnam viam qua ducit usque ad forestam de Lilleswude. Reddendo inde 
annuatim eidem domino aichiepiscopo et successoribus suis xl denarios. Hiis testibus, B. priore de 
Extold,' etc.-* 

' Hutchinson, Northumberland, vol. i. p. 172. 

^ Infandus Brittonum dux .... interemptus est, in loco qui lingua Angloruni Uenisesburna, id est 
rivus Denisi vocatur.' Beda, Hist. Eccl. lib. iii. cap. i. 

" See address by the Rev. W. Greenwell, Trans. Tyneside Nat. Club, 1863-64, vol. v. pp. 13, 14. 
' Lansdowne MSS. 402, 19. British Museum. 


Ruleystal is now the Steel, Lillesvvude is Lillswood, and a reference to 
the map will show that Denisesburn can be no other than Rowley burn. In 
the time of Henry III., Gilbert de Slaley granted to the priory of Hexham 
pasturage in the Steel for 260 sheep. In 1479 the house of Hexham had 
a sheepfold in ' Le Stele,' one acre in extent, and pasturage for 300 sheep. 
In 1547 the Steel was held with the Heigh and the Black-hall by John 
Swinburn at a rent of 8s. per annum. John Mowbray of the Steel, 
gentleman, made his will 15th June, 1605, and devised to his executor his 
mortgage ' on the lands I live on, called Easter and Wester Steeles, in 
Hexham shire,' his lands in Slaley, and his messuages in Wolsingham, to be 
sold to pay debts and legacies.' No other place was assessed in 1663 than 
Steel-hall, which, with the Black-hall, was rated to Thomas Sanderson of 
Healey. The Steel is now a hamlet of four grey-slated or heather-thatched 
farm houses ; it has long been, and is now, held by the lord of the manor. 

At the bottom of the valley of the West Dipton burn, above New- 
biggin, is the Hole-house, belonging to Capt. Atkinson, and above it, 
approached from Dotland by the Guards Lane, is the West Dipton mill, 
standing on the high road between Hexham and Whitley, one of the 
numerous ancient mills of the regality. In 1583 Eleanor, wife of John 
Errington and daughter of John Thirlwall, paid a fine on her admittance 
by the lord of the manor as tenant on the Court Rolls of the mill. It is 
uncertain who owned the place immediately after this date. In 1699 George 
Douglas, who may only have been a tenant, was charged with taking unlawful 
moulter at Dipton mill, ' he having taken half a peck out of a bowl of oats 
after they were dryed, which, according to the goodness of the corn, would 
be sometime ye iVth or Ath part of the whole, whereas by custom he ought 
to have but the isth part."- 

The inn here has been recently rebuilt out of the stones of the adjacent 
and now demolished onstead of Nicholas-hall : both places belong to Mr. 
Tucker of Gateshead. 

A little further up the stream was another mill, and on the height 
above may be seen the ruined tower of a windmill ; both were on the 
estate of Shield Green, which now belongs to Messrs. Henry and George H. 
Bell. On the fell beyond is Oxenrods and Loadman.'* 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ■ Sessions Records. 

' Loadman was sold in 1793 by Samuel Marriot of Newcastle to James Johnson for ^^1,135. 


Higher up the West Dipton burn is a cave, known as the Queen's cave, 
associated by local tradition with Margaret of Anjou, the queen of Henry VI. 
As usually narrated, the story runs that after the battle of Hexham/ Queen 
Margaret and her son, Edward, fell into the hands of a band of Yorkists, 
but while they were disputing over her jewels and other treasure, she 
succeeded in persuading an esquire to aid her escape, and the three rode 
away unperceived by their captors, who were still engrossed in their quarrel 
over the booty. Hard by the scene of this adventure was a wood which was 
the resort of freebooters, who were the terror of the surrounding district. 
The queen and prince had not proceeded far when they were confronted by 
a member of the band. The situation was a critical one, but it was saved by 
the courage and presence of mind of Queen Margaret. Calling the man to 
her, she told him that he had been born in a fortunate hour. A chance was 
given to him of redeeming by a single act a life of vice and crime. The son 
of his king was at his feet for him to save. The unhappy queen besought 
him to protect his prince, and endeavour to convey him to a place of safety. 
Overcome by Margaret's entreaties and prayers, the bandit agreed to 
become the protector of the fugitives, swore he would suffer a thousand 
torments ere he would abandon the prince, implored the queen's pardon 
for his misdeeds, and vowed he would devote the remainder of his life 
to acts of mercy. Convinced of his fidelity, the queen left her son in the 
hands of the robber, while she went in search of her husband." The cave 
on the West Dipton burn is said to be the place where Margaret and Prince 
Edward were temporarily lodged by their protector. It is 31 feet long 
and 14 feet broad, but scarcely high enough to allow of a person standing 
upright. In the middle is a massive pillar of rude masonry which is said 
to mark the line of a wall which formerly divided the cave into two parts. ^ 
The chief authority is Chastellain, who says that he had it from the queen 
herself, and gives a very circumstantial account of the affair. In the face of 
such testimony it is difficult to question the substantial truth of the incident. 

Chastellain tells the story immediately after relating a disgraceful 
retreat from ' Rel.' Based on the identification of this place with Mount 
Ryall, now called Rye hill, on the right bank of the Devil's Water, it has 

' The 'songe made in Edward the Fourthe hys tyme of ye Battele of Hexhamme anno 1414,' and 
printed at Newcastle by M. A. Richardson in 1S4S is spurious. 

- Chastellain, Chroniqiies des derniers Dues de Bourgoync in Pantheon Litteraire, iv. pp. 230-2. See 
Bates, Border Holds, i. pp. 439-443. ^ Wright, Hist, of Hexham, pp. 193, 194. 


been held that there were two battles of Hexham, one fought in 1463, and 
the other, on the 4th May, 1464. It has been sufficiently established that, 
owing to the movements in the North of the earl of Warwick, Queen 
Margaret' left the country before the latter battle, and that she was abroad 
at that time. On the other hand, it is curious that the inqriisitio post mortem 
of the duke of Somerset states that he died on April 3rd, 1463, suggesting 
the idea that the clerk had confused the dates of two battles fought about 
the same time near the same place.' There is also a local tradition that 
the Lancastrians were encamped on the left bank of the Devil's Water, now 
called the Royal banks. ^ 


The Middle Quarter occupies a place midway between the High and 
Low Quarters, in regard to area, population, wealth, as well as geographical 
position. Its area is 4,203 acres with a rateable value of ^^2,423 at the 
present time. The population'' at the last census was 198. 

The most populous part of the Middle Quarter is the flat land lying 
east of the Rowley burn, and between that stream and the Devil's Water. 
Here is situated Whitley mill and Mollerstead. Whitley chapel is close 
by, with Woodside and Staples to the east of it, and south of these are 
clustered Aydon Shields, Mire-house, Rawgreen, and Salmon-field, with 
other tenements. 

Whitley mill was at one time the principal mill in the shire, and a 
valuable possession of its lord. The Black Book enumerates it amongst the 
possessions of the priory in the following words : ' Item est ibidem j campus 
sub Dotland versus orientem cont. in se Ix acras terras scaccarii arabilis et 
prati, quem tenent pro emendatione molendini de Whitlye.' 

On the 19th October, 1534, George Ogle paid his fine to the archbishop, 
and wtis admitted to the water corn mill called Qwhetle mill, in Newlands, 
and a parcel of ground called the ' Miln-dam-hawgh,' between the mill and 
the mill dam, to hold at the annual rent of 26s. 8d. George Ogle died 
thirteen years after; and in October, 1547, his son, Henry Ogle, was 

' Near the Queen's cave is the Queen's letch, in which, as the local tradition has it, her horse 
stumbled. ■ Bates, Border Holds, pp. 438-444. Bates, History of Northumbcrlami, p. 19S. 

'Ex. inf. Captain Atkinson of Newbiggin U890). 

* The Census Returns are : 1801, 345 ; 1811, 339; 1821, 351 ; 1831, 311 ; 1841, 251 ; 1851, 313 ; 1861, 
255: 1871,243; 1881,263; 1891,198. 










admitted to Whitlemyln, his mother's dower excepted. Henry Ogle, in 
1 59 1, surrendered to John Ogle 4 acres in Hexham town haugh, in a place 
called 'Botesten Leases, 2 acres at the Garthhead, 2 acres near the mill way- 
side, I acre near the Common garth, 2 half acres near the Westgate, 2 acres 
of meadow called Stotfield-hils, i acre in the Dailes and a water corn mill, 
called Whytlee mill, and 2 acres between the mill fleym and the mill, held 
at a rent of 46s. 8d.' In 1598 John Ogle surrendered to Frances, his 
wife, the mill and ' two closes between the miln fleem and the water called 
Rowle burn,' and in 1620 he sold the same to Sir Ralph and Sir John 

The tenants, who by their services were bound to grind at the lord's 
mill, had for long been in the habit of grinding elsewhere on more favourable 
terms. On the 25th Januan^, 1542, Sir Reginald Carnaby writes to the 
tenants in the shire : 

To my well beloved all the king's tenants of Nubbock, Yairidge, Dotland, Greenridge, the Hill, and 
the Hole-house, and the Pais, and to every of them. 

In the king's name, I command you, and every of you that, concerning the use of mills within this 
shire of Hexham, that ye and every of you as ye have done in times past, make suit, and go to either the 
mylnes called Tyne mylnes at Hexham, or else to my lord archbishop's mylne of Whitley ; and that if ye 
go to any other mylnes but one of these two, so oft as ye or any of yours so doth, to incur in such danger 
and loss as hath been accustomed, and also to stand to such order as was set at the last head court, 
holden at Hexham, this 20th day last past. R. Carnabie. 

The names of these that have gone from the said mylnes : William Carnabie of Nubbock, gent., 
Edmund Robson of Gryndridge, Rowland Lowe of the Pais, yeoman, Edward Amiestrong of the same, 
John Bellingham of the same.' 

In 1 62 1, Sir Ralph Delaval and Sir John Delaval, then owners of 
Whitlev mill, brought an action against Robert Thirlwall for ha\ang a mill 
on his estate at Black-hall, and receiving corn to grind to the prejudice of 
their rights. It then appeared in evidence that though Whitley was still 
the chief mill of the regalitv, the inhabitants of the shire claimed full liberty 
with regard to grinding their corn, and frequently went out of the district to 
Blanchland mill, Eastwood mill, and Allendale mill. One of the witnesses 
went so far as to say that the copyholders of the liberty might grind where 
they would.' Sir Ralph and Sir John Delaval appear to have lost their 
action, for Black-hall mill continued to exist, and no restrictions seem to have 
been placed upon the building of mills in other parts of the regality, so that 
the ancient feudal custom of moulter graduallv disappeared. In 1630 Sir 

' Greenwich Hospital Papers, Whitley Mill,.'\. Nos. 1-5. "Dohson, Contributions to Local History, p. 72. 
' Exchequer Depositions by Commission, Hilary Term, 19 Jas. I. No. 11. 

Vol. IV. 7 


John Delaval surrendered Whitlev mill to the use of Sir Edward Radcliffe, 
and it remained the property of the Radcliffe family until the Derwentwater 
estates escheated to the Crown, and were granted to the Greenwich hospital 
commissioners. In 1805, Whitley mill' farm consisted of 32 acres of land, 
with ' a dwelling house very much out of repair, a water corn mill, two pairs 
of stones, and a kiln for drying oatmeal.' It was let under lease at ^30 per 
annum.^ It is a pleasant place, in a hollow between Dalton and Moller- 
steads, and now belongs to the Rev. J. F. Johnson. The village of Whitley 
consists of a substantially-built school-house and cottage for the teacher, 
close by the chapel ; a public house, locally known as 'Click 'em in'; and 
a couple of cottages. 

East of Whitley mill is MoUersteads, which, at the time of the survey of 
1547, held in thirds by John Swinburn, who possessed two tenements, paying 
a rent of 8s. io|d., and Richard Werdell, who held one tenement at a rent 
of 4s. 5|d. In 1608, 'John Hucheson held certain lande, beinge the one 
thirde parte of the Mailer Steedes,' at the yearly rent of 4s., it being worth 
£\ 6s. 8d. over and above the rent. In 1663 the town was rated at 
£\2 5s. 6d., and was held in proportions, not stated, by Peter Thirlwall, 
John Thirlwall, Robert Fairbridge, Robert Dixon, Ann Hutchinson, and 
Elizabeth Hutchinson. It may be inferred that the two Hutchinsons held 
the same third which Wardell held in 1647, that Fairbridge and Dixon held 
another, and the two Thirlwalls the remaining one of the two thirds which 
had once belonged to John Swinburn. Robert Dixon, in 1668, and Edward 
Dixon, in 1702, held the lands which now belong to their descendant, Mr. 
Robert Dixon.' 

The first Thirlwall at MoUersteads was Peter, who made his will in 
1700, leaving half his lands there to his wife, who was to allow his son, John, 
'to fell, cut down, stack, perk, and carry away all the wood and bark.''' 
John Thirlwall died in 1730, leaving a son, Peter, who died in 1743. With 
Peter's son, John Thirlwall of Woodside, the male representation of the 
family died out. He made his will in 1756, being then only seventeen 

' At the division of the common in iSoo there was allotted to Greenwich hospital for Whitley mill 24 
acres of freehold land and 9? stints : to John Johnson for Whitley mill liill 2 acres of freehold and 3 stints 
on the stinted pastures. ^ Report of Greenwich Hospital Estates, i S05, p. ill. 

' To Edward Dixon was awarded in 1800, in respect of his estate at MoUersteads and Earthly Mires, 
21 acres of copyhold land and 12* stints. At the division of the common in 1800 there was awarded to 
the Rev. Abraham Brown, in respect of MoUersteads, 26 acres of copyhold land and jy'i stints on the 
stinted pastures. He also obtained an allotment of half an acre of freehold land m respect of a smith's 
shop. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


years old/ but weak and sick, and left his property in trust for his mother, 
Ann, and then to his cousins, Cuthbert and Ann Teasdale, the children 
of his aunt, Elizabeth Teasdale of Dalton. Teasdale Armstrong and his 
wife died within a few months of each other in 1758, and six years later 
the heirs sold their share of Mollersteads (one-third) for ^1,070, as an aug- 
mentation of the living of Whitley. 


Peter Thirlwall of Mollersteads ; living 1663 ; buried in 
Hexham church, aged 94, 20th Dec, 1706 (a) ; will dated 
7th Dec, 1700; proved 17th June, 1708 (0). 

Eleanor ; sole executrix to 

husband's will [? buried l8th 
April, 1722 (a)]. 

John Thirlwall of Mollersteads, to whom his father bequeathed his = Margaret. Robert. ) All named 

best horse or mare, saddle and bridle, and husbandry gear ; buried " 

14th Dec, 1730 (a) ; administration, 17th Dec, 1731, granted to 
his widow (^). 

Peter. \ in their 
Jane. ) father's will. 

Peter Thirlwall of Mollersteads, 
baptised 26th Dec, 1716 (a); 
buried 27ih July, 1743 (a). 

Ann, daughter of Hunter of ChoUerton ; Thomas Thirlwall, baptised 

married 19th Oct., 1736 (a); remarried at 29th July; buried 3rd 

Slaley, 14th June, 1753, Teasdale Armstrong .^ug., 1719. 
of Slaley; will dated l8th Dec, 1758 (a). 

John Thiriwall of Mollersteads, baptised 8th February, 1739/4° («) ; ••• Thirlwall, a son, died 
died at the Woodside ; buried 9th .^ug., 1756 (a) ; will dated 26th in infancy ; buried 19th 

June, 1756 ; proved 4th.July, 1757 (A). Aug., 1743 (a). 

(a) Hexham Register. (^) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

Lying to the south of Whitley are the High and Low Staples. The 
latter stands on a terrace above the De\-irs Water, and in 1547 was held by 
Thomas Rowland as the Nether Stappleye, and in 1663 by Percival Dixon, 
who was rated for it at £2 17s. 6d. In 1805 the Greenwich hospital com- 
missioners" owned two small farms here, which together contained 58 acres 
of ancient lands and 5 1 acres allotted on the division of Hexham common : 

' 26th June, 1756. Will of John Thirlwall of Woodside, in Hexhamshire, son of Peter Thirlwall of 
Mollersteads, gent., deceased, of the age of 1 7, and weak and sick. K\\ to my friends James Yare of 
Oardley, gent., and Anthony Hunter of ChoUerton, gent., to take care of it during the lives of Teasdale 
Armstrong of Woodside, gent., and my dear mother .Anne, his wife, formerly Thirlwall, for my mother's 
use, and then to my cousins, Cuthbert and .Ann Teasdale, children of my aunt Elizabeth Teasdale of 
Dahon, in Northumberland. Proved at York, 4th July, 1757. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

This will would only pass the personal estate which, before 1S37, infants above the age of 14 years 
might dispose of bv will ; this anomaly was done away by Act of Parliament, i \"\c. c. 26, s. 7. 

l8th December. 175S. Will of .Ann .Armstrong of Hexhamshire, widow. To be privately buried m 
the church of Hexham. To the daughters of my sister, Margaret Hunter, a guinea each. Residue to 
my brother, .Anthony Hunter, in trust to pay my sister, Elizabeth Teasdale, the interest for life, and then 
to pay to my nephews, Cuthbert and Richard Teasdale, her sons, £l each, and to her daughters, Ann and 
Elizabeth Teasdale. the same. My brothersole executor. Proved 5th December, 1759. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

-.At the division of the common, in 1800, there was awarded to Thomas Richard and Diana 
Beaumont, in respect of their lands in Low Staples, 16 acres of copyhold and 5 J stints. To the 
Greenwich hospital commissioners for their farm of North Staples and Low Staples, 28 acres and 12 
Stints, and 22 acres and 7^ stints respectively. 


they produced a rent of £io a year.' Both High and Low Staples now 
belong to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

Further up the valley are the Moss-house, the Mire-house, and Raw- 
green, and on the higher ground High and Low Holmes, Aydon Shield, 
and Salmon-field. 

The Mire-house in the sixteenth century belonged to a family of Hurde 
or Ord, and in i6oS John Ogle held the tenement of Nether Mire-house 
of the annual value of 15s. 4d. The Upper Mire-house" of 46 acres of 
ancient enclosure in 1800 received an allotment of 45 acres on the division 
of the Hexham and Allendale common. It had been let twelve years 
before under lease for ;X'54 per annum, and is described as of better quality 
than is generallv found on the Hexhamshire estate.^ It is entitled to 16 
stints on the stinted pastures, and now belongs to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

The Rawgreen or Rowgreen in 1547, like the Mire-house and Wood- 
side, belonged to George Hurde or Ord. The Nether Rawgreen in 1608 
was worth _/3 5s. 4d. a year, and was held by Robert Ward ; in 1663, as the 
Nether Rowgreen, it was rated at £"] 8s., Matthew Dinning being tenant. 
He is mentioned in the will of his brother William in 1676. It is watered 
bv the Raw burn and the Devil's Water, and is divided into three small 
hamlets, the Rawgreen, the Low Rawgreen, and the High Rawgreen. The 
Low Rawgreen, a copyhold farm of 34 acres, to which was allotted in 1800 
32 acres of common and 12* stints on the stinted pastures, was with the 
wood, containing 33 acres, mostlv of natural oak, purchased for_/'i,936 by 
the Greenwich hospital commissioners in 1791.' The East and West Raw- 
green farms, also belonging to the commissioners, are freehold, and together 
contained 113 acres of ancient enclosure, augmented in 1800 bv an allotment 
of 129 acres from the common lands. They are also entitled to 26 stints on 
the stinted pastures. 

As there is a place of the same name in Catton grieveship, the Holmes 
may not be the Holme from which a rent charge was purchased by Prior 
William in 1209.* It is not mentioned in the Black Book in 1479; but, in 
1608, a tenement at the Holmes in Hexhamshire, with the appurtenances, of 

' Report of Grecivtvich Hospital Commissioners, 1805, pp. in, 112. 

' James Forster was awarded 13 acres of freehold and 3* stints for Low Mire-house, and Thornas 
Stokoe had an allotment of 5 acres to be held by copy, with 3? stints also in respect of holding at Mire- 
house. ' Report of Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, 1805, p. iii. ' Ibid. pp. 112, 113. 

^ Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. preface clviii. 


the vearlv value of £2 5s. 4d., was held by James Dixon. The Rate Book 
of 1663 mentions the Holmes mill and the Nether Holmes, but gives neither 
owner nor rateable value. From 1653 it seems to have been held by the 
Ords of Ardlev, and to have passed, in 1779, under the will of Elizabeth 
Armstrong, the last of the family, to William Scott of Stamfordham. The 
High Holmes now belongs to Mr. Dixon Pratt. 

The Low Holmes belonged to Greenwich hospital, and in 1800 had an 
allotment out of Hexham common of 7 acres, and is entitled to 3^ stints in 
the undivided commons. It is now owned by Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

In conjunction with Rowley, Avdon Shield is regarded as a mesne manor 
within the regality.' In 1547 Aydon Shield was held by George Ogle at the 
considerable rent of £a, 19s. 8d., and was entered as a freehold in 1608, 
being then owned bv Edward Radcliffe. Under the alternative name of 
Aydon hills it was, in 1663, rated to Sir Edward Radcliffe at the incompre- 
hensible rent of ;^97 3s. 8d., which exceeds by £^^ the rent it brought to the 
Greenwich hospital commissioners in 1789. In the latter year the estate 
contained 149 acres of land of good quality; and in 1800 it obtained an 
allotment of 82 acres of the common lands and 33! stints on the stinted 
pastures. It now belongs to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

Though Salmon-field was stated in 1805 to be a farm of 122 acres of 
ancient lands, with an additional loi acres allotted to it on the enclosure of 
Hexham commons, it does not appear by that name in any of the older 
records. It was reported to the commissioners that some part of it was good 
land, but that of the addition only a very small part had been improved. It 
was let at £~% per annum." 

On the ridge between the Ham burn and the clear, but peat-stained, 
Rowley burn stands Dalton, which now consists of a farm house, surrounded 
by fine svcamores, and a few cottages. Low Dalton is a little to the east, 
and is a still smaller hamlet. In 1547 John Swinburn of Barker-house held 
a tenement in Dalton' for which he paid a rent of 4s. a year It subsequently 
came to the Erringtons, and its further connection witli that familv will be 
seen in the pedigree given under Ardley. Both High and Low Dalton now 
belong to Mr. Edward Stobbs. 

' Report of Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, 1805, pp. 106, irj. 
' Ibid. p. 107. It has also 29f stints on the stinted pastures. 

' The Dalton so frequently mentioned in the Black Book is the place of that name near Dissington, 
in the parish of Newbum. 



North of the Ham burn are grouped the five homesteads of Upper 
Ardley, Nether Ardley, Ardley Stob, Cooks-house, and Wally Thorn. In 
the farm house of Low Ardley is a large and long window, originally of 
three lights, but now of two, having a label over it. The Stob has a 
decaying homestead, with steep heather-thatched roofs. In 1547 Richard 
Readshaw held by copy of Court Roll all the lands of [Nether] Ardley, a 
moiety of Turf-house and of White-hall, at a rent of 22s., whilst Robert 
Thurbottell held a tenement called Over Ardley at a rent of 17s. id. The 
subsequent descent of Nether Ardley is shown in the following pedigree of 
Errington and Thirlwall and the evidences appended : 

Richard Readshaw oI Nether .Ardley, 1547 = 

Cuthbert Readshaw ol Nether Ardley ; died circa = 
1584; seised ol Nether Ardley, Ardley Slob, 
Moor Close, White-hall, Turl-house (c). 

John Thirlwall, pro- 
baVjly of the family 
of Thirlwall of Thirl- 
wall [? buried 1st 
June, 1582 (a)]. 



Thomas Thirlwall of = 
Nether Ardley, son 
and heir to mother 
in 1617 ; buried 3rd 
March, 1624/5 (a) ; 
died seised of lands 
in Nether Ardley, 
Moor Close, Ardley 
Stob, Dalton, Turf- 

Dorothy, daughter and co-heiress ; 
entered upon Nether Ardley in 
15S4 W; 'i'sd 1617, seised of 
half her father's lands (c). 

Gerard Errington of Dal- = Jane, daughter and co-heir- 

ton ; administration 
granted to widow, 20th 
May, 1600 (Ji). 

ess ; married 4th July, 
1581 (a) ; in 1587 fined 
for Garesheil (c). 

John Thirlwall of Nether 
Ardley, son and heir ; 
was of full age in 
1625 ; buried 20th 
July, 1665 (a) ; will 
dated l8th July, 1663 
(i) ; proved 1666. 

Philip Thirlwall of 
Hexham, gentle- 
man, surrendered 
Garesheil in 1606. 
[In 1599 Philip 
Thirlwall of Over 
Ardley was one 
of the original 
governors of the 
grammar school.] 


Elizabeth Row- = Edward Erring- = Margiiret 
land; married t ton of Dal- Humble; 

20th Nov., ton, heir to married 

1614 (a); his mother, 29th July, 

buried 23rd 1617(c); bur- 1618 (al ; 

Nov., 1616 ied 28th Oct., buriedSth 

(a). 1649 (a). Dec. ,1667 


Susanna She remar- 
ried Richard Ord of 
Brokenheugh ; bond of 
marriage, 28 th May, 
1666 ; wlio, in 1683, held 
lands in Nether .ArJley, 
jure uxoris. 


I I I I 
.Agnes ; 






Gerard Errington of Dalton ; buried 
26th Dec, 1651 (a) : found to 
have died seised of one-half of 
Nether Ardley, one-half of Ardley 
Stob, one-half of Dalton, one-half 
of White-hall, and one-half of 
Hole-house and Moor Close. 

Frances Teas- 
dale of Sla- 
ley, widow ; 
married loth 
Nov., 1638 

I I I I 
Peter Thirhv.all of Nether Ardley, son and heir ; was aged 

13 in 1669 (c) ; baptised 21st March, 1655/6 (a); 

buried 29th June, 1679 (a). 
John Thirlwall; buried in Hexham church, 3rd July, 

1663 (a). 
Joseph; buried in Hexham church, 15th March, 1665/6 

Mary; married ... Heugh, 

John Errington, only son and heir ; aged 3 at his father's 
death ; died before October, 1659, seised of above 
lands, leaving his sisters his co-heiresses, of whom one 
only was of full age (c) ; buried 3rd July, 1655 (a). 

Elizabeth; married l8th June, 1663, John Johnson of 
Hamburn-hall (a). He is in the Call Roll, 1683 and 
1702, as holding [the Errington] lands in Dalton. 

^'"'y- 1 One of these ladies married Richard Ord. 
Jane. J 

(a) Hexham Register. 

(J>) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

(c) Hexham Manor Rolls. 


Evidences to Errington and Thirlwall Pedigree. 

1568. Thomas Errington of Walwick Grange surrenders Nether Ardley to John Thirlwall, and 2Znd 
Septeinber, 1600, Thomas Errington of Walwick Grange was found to have died seised of a tenement in Ardley, 
one-third of Easter Greenridge, three-fourth parts of the Linnels mill, to which Edward Errington, his son and heir, 
was admitted. Court Rolls. 

In 1608, Jane Errington held a moiety of certain lands in Nether Ardley which was worth £2 13s. lod. a year ; 
and John Thirlwall, in right of his wife, held the other moiety ; Edward Errington held the third part of Over 
Ardley, with lands in East Greenridge, Newbiggin, etc. Vol. iii. p. 91. 

1617. Dorothy Errington, daughter and co-heiress of Cuthbert Readshaw, deceased, was found to have died 
seised of lands in Ardley Stob, and Thomas Thirlwall of Nether .\rdley was her son and heir, and of full age. 1625. 
John Thirlwall of Nether Ardley was found to have died seised of lands in Nether Ardley, .Ardley Stob, etc. John 
Thirlwall, his son and heir, was of full age. 1646. Edward Errington of Walwick Grange surrendered one-third of 
Nether .Ardley to William Charlton and William Ridley. 1653. Gerard Errington was found to have died seised of 
Ardley, etc., leaving John Errington his son and heir, then three years of age. 1659. John, son of Gerard 
Errington, is found to have died seised of lands in Nether .Ardley and half of Ardley Stob : Elizabeth, Mary, and 
Jane were his sisters and co-heiresses, only one of whom was of full age. Court Rolls. 

In 1663 Nether Ordley (sic) was rated to Mr. John Thirlwall at £(1 l6s., and Over Ordley to John Thirlwall, 
esq., at £\l 9s. Book of Rates. 

1664. John Thirlwall surrenders Nether Ardlej' to his own use. 1669. John Thirlwall of Nether Ardley is 
found to have died seised of moieties of Nether Ardley and Ardley Stob ; Peter Thirlwall, then aged 13 years, is his 
son and heir. 

1682. John Thirlwall surrenders a moiety of Nether Ardley and Ardley Stob to John Johnson of Hamburn- 
hall. 1685. John Thirlwall surrenders half of Nether .Ardley and Ardley Stob to Richard Ord. 1686. John 
Thirlwall surrenders Upper .Ardley to Ralph Clavering and .... Charlton. Court Rolls. 

Low Ardley, Ardley Stob, and Wally Thorn now belong to the Rev. 
J. F. Johnson. For High Ardley and Cooks-house, Edward Charlton, in 
1800, obtained an allotment of common of 117 acres of copyhold land and 
251 stints on the stinted pastures. High Ardley now belongs to Sir John 

The Barker-house stands on a bank overhanging Ardlev dene and the 
Ham burn, with three or four fine ash trees near the old grey-slated house. 
It was held in 1547 bv John Swinburn, at a rent of 8s., and, with Litterage, 
Lillswood, and other places, belonged in the seventeenth century to the 
family of that Richard Ord, a person of marked and interesting character, 
who was the leading member in the Baptist congregation at Hexham when 
Mr. Tilham was the pastor. Richard Ord was a son of John Ord' of Broken- 
heugh, in the chapelry of Havdon Bridge, and Litterage descended to him 
from a long line of ancestors. He made his will in 1676, when his life must 
have been in peril, commending his soul in the following pathetic terms to 
'Almighty God my Maker, and to Jesus Christ my Redeemer, upon whose 
meritorious passion and niercv I do onely relye for a healing medicine for all 

' Barker-house was purchased i6tli March. 1639, from Thomas Waide of Upper .'Krdley by John Ord 
of ' Swingsheclcs,' and by him 1st January, 1650, was given to his second son, John Ord. i'.v. inj. .Mr. 
L. C. Lockhart. 


my sores, leaving my motherlesse (and about to be fatherlesse) children unto 
the keeping of the Lord.' He confirms a deed of gift, which he had made in 
1662, to his father, John Ord, and other trustees, of all his personal estate to 
provide for his six children, Thomas, Richard, Margaret, Barbara, Phoebe, 
and Dorcas, of whom Thomas and Margaret were, at the time when his will 
was made, dead. He mentions his second wife Susanna, to whom he leaves 
an annuitv of _t^8, making her and his daughter Barbara his executors, and his 
brother John Ord, and trusty friend John Swinburne, the overseers of his will. 

The testator did not die then, as he expected. On the 28th of December, 
1696, when he was lying apparently in extremis^ the bystanders urged him to 
make his will. The sick man replied : ' I have made my will severall years 
agoe, and it's lying in my parchment coloured book, signed and sealed.' The 
document was brought to the dying man, who said, when he saw it, 'This is 
it; and this is all the will I will make.' 

Under the will of Richard Ord's great-nephew, Thomas Ord, a surgeon 
in Hexham, Barker-house was given to his wife for life with remainder to 
John Ord of Hainburn-hall, son of John Ord, in fee. John Ord in 18 17 sold 
it to his father-in-law, James Pigg of Langhope, who, by w'ill dated 4th 
September, 1839, gave it and all his real estate to his son, Matthew Pigg, 
for life, with remainder to his (the testator's) grandson, James Ord. The 
latter, who succeeded in 1850, and resided on his leasehold estate at Chester- 
wood, near Haydon Bridge, in October, 1859, contracted to sell Barker-house, 
and about the same time to purchase a leasehold estate adjoining Chester- 
wood. On the 1 2th May, i860, he conveyed Barker-house and received the 
purchase monev, and the 15th was fixed for the completion of his purchase at 
Chester-wood. On the evening of the 14th he was seized with an apoplectic 
fit, and without recovering consciousness died on the following day. He had 
made his will in March, 1859, i'"^ effect giving his Chester- wood property to 
his only son, and leaving Barker-house as a provision for his three daughters. 
The sale and purchase above mentioned threw these provisions into con- 
fusion, and his sudden death left them so. Litigation followed, in which it 
was sought unsuccessfully to secure the property purchased at Chester-wood 
with the Barker-house proceeds for the testator's daughters.' The Barker- 
house now belongs to Mr. John Potts. The Ord pedigree is attempted in 
the following table : 

' Ex. inf. Mr. L. C. Lockhait ; cf. Law Reports 12 ch. div. 22, yc Ord, Dickinson :'. Dickinson. 




George Ord, held lands in Litterage, Stonehouse, 
and White-hall in 1608. 

Margaret Dixon of Hunstan worth ; 
married 8th July, 1589 (a). 

William Ord, held Litterage in 1628 = 

John Ord of the Barker-house and Litterage, held Litterage from 1637 
to 1665 ; party to son's deed of gift in :662 ; will dated 2nd July, 
1664 (/(). 


Errington, = Richard Ord of Brokenheugh = Susanna, 

sister and co- 

in l656 and of Ardley ; 

widow of 

heiress of 

buried 1st Jan., 1696/7 (n) ; 

John Thirl- 

John Erring- 

will dated 24th August, 

wall of 

ton of Nether 

1676 ; proved 4th Feb., 



1696/7 ((5). By hiq. p.m. 

Ardley ; 

was found to have died 

bond of 

seised of half of Lills- 


wood, Litterage, and the 

28th Mar., 


John Ord of Barker-house, which he had by deed of — 
gift from his father 1st Jan., 1650; second son.* '■ 

Mar- = John Ord of Dal- 



ton and Barker- 
house ; buried 
at Haydon, a 
dissenter, 25 th 
March, 1719(a) ; 
will dated 19th 
March, 1718/9 ; 
proved 1719 (/4).* 

Mary ; to whom 

her husband gave 
his lands in Dal- 
ton called the 
Stillshouse during 
the minorities of 
his daughters Mar- 
garet, Rebecca, 
and Mary. 

John Ord of = 

Barker-house ; 
named in 
. father's will ; 
will dated 20th 
Dec, 1730 ; 
proved 1732 j 

Sarah, daughter 
of John John- 
son of Ham- 
burn-hall ; 
married 25th 
April, 1700 

Abraham Ord, = Elizabeth Walker ; mar- 

to whom his 
father devised 
the Hole- 

house, dyer ; 
buried 17th 
Mar., 1756(a). 

ried at Haydon 
chapel, l6th June, 
1698 ; both were 
minors (a) ; buried 
5th Jan., 1699/1700 

John ; buried 9th Feb., 
1698/9 («). 

Eleanor ; mar- 
ried 7th Aug., 
1 707, Thomas 
Ridley of the 
Motehill, Si- 




Thomas Ord 
of Barker- 
house ; mar- 
ried in Scot- 
land, 7th 
Feb., 1697, 

Thomas Ord of Barker-house, surgeon ; = Mary ; 

will dated 17th Jan., 1798; proved executrix to 

at York, 21st Feb., 1798 (/<) ; s.p.; husband's 

buried 22nd Jan., 1798 (a). will. 

John, baptised 
l8th March, 
1 70 1 (a). 

I I 

Elizabeth, baptised 7th July, 1706(a); 
married William Denning and was 

living 1730. 4, 
Margaret, baptised 30th Sept., 1708 (a). 

Thomas Ord ; living 
1662 ; dead before 

Richard Ord of Ardley ; was living 1662, 
and in 1701 was found to be son and 
heir to his father; buried 19th Sept., 
1743 (a) ; will dated 5th Aug., 1738 
(J>) ; he was then residing in Hexham ; 
proved 24th Oct., 1750. 

Margaret; married ... Hedley ; living 

1662 ; dead before 1676. A/ 
Barbara ; living 1662. 
Phoebe ; living 1662. 
Dorcas ; living 1662. 


Richard Ord of = 
Hexham, solici- 
tor ; buried 1st 
Dec, 1732 (a); 
will dated loth 
Oct., 1730 (J,) ; 

Frances ... , widow 
of Dr. Dawson ; 
married 14th 
April, 1721 (a) ; 
executrix to hus- 
band's will. 

I I I I I I 
John ; buried 27th May, 171 1 (a). 
Mary ; married 6th Dec, 1722, 

Abraham Teesdale of Dalton (a). 
Phoebe ; died in infancy ; buried 

25th Feb., 1698/9 (a). 
Phoebe, born 21st Dec, 1702 ; 

buried in Hexham church, i8th 

March, 1719/20 (a). 
Barbara ; married Patrick Kelly 

of Corbridge. 
Sarah; buried 25th Feb., 1698/9 (a). 

Elizabeth, execu- = William Arm 

trix and resid- 
uary legatee of 
father ; died 
s.p. ; will dated 
3rd April, 1770 ; 
proved 1779 

strong of 
Hexham ; 
granted to 
widow, 22nd 
March, 1759 

I I 

Richard Ord Armstrong ; buried 13th Jan., 1745/6 (a). Mary ; buried 19th Jan., 1745/6 (a). 

(a) Hexham Register. (Ji) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

* Query, whether these two John Ords were or were not identical ? 

Vol. IV. 8 

58 hexham parish. 

Evidences to Ord Pedigree. 

Will, dated 24th August, 1676, of Richard Ord of Nether Ardley, in the liberty of He.\ham : 
' Leaving my motherlesse (and about to be fatherlesse) children into ye keeping of ye Lord, and for my 
worldly estate that lie hath intrusted me with here, I do order as foUoweth : Know ye then that it is not 
my purpose to aljbrogate or make null, but that I do hereby ratific and confirme that deed of guift made 
in ye year of God (as 1 remember) 1662, to my father John Ord, and my trusty friends William Wcldon 
ye elder of Adon Sheels, Ale.xander Forster, then of Over Eshells, and Richard Walton of Peacock- 
house, and now in ye custody and possession of ye said William Wcldon, of all my personal estate for 
ye raising and providing of portions to my six children, Thomas, Richard, Margaret, Barbary, Phoebe, 
and Dorcas.' My son Thomas being now dead, his share to be divided amongst ye rest ; my daughter 
Margaret being dead, her share shall be given to her son Anthony Hedlcy ; my son Richard Ord shall 
pay out of my real estate unto my dear wife Susanna, ^S a year for life. Wife and daughter Barbary, 
executors ; friends John Swinburn and brother John Ord, supervisors.' 

A memorandum, dated 19th January, 1696, is endorsed on the will, by which Christopher Dodd of 
Mill hill, yeoman ; Titus Angus of Juniper-house, and others, testify that on 28th December before, Mr. 
Richard Ord had, in their presence, confirmed his will, saying, ' This is it ; and this is all the will I will 
make.' Proved 4th February, 1696/7.' 

Will, dated 5th August, 173S, of Richard Ord of Hexham, gent.: My daughter Elizabeth, wife of 
William Armstrong, e.xecutor and residuary legatee ; my daughter-in-law Frances Ord of Hexham, 
widow, ^10 per annum ; my daughter Barbara, wife of Patrick Kelley of Corbridge, ^I2 per annum.' 

Will, dated 10th October, 1730, of Richard Ord of Hexham, gent. : My wife Frances, my dwelling 
house in Hexham for life; then to my sister Teasdale, my sister Elizabeth Ord, my nephew Joseph 
Lazonby, and my nephew Richard Spain. To my brother Hope, a mourning ring, that I bought in 
memory of his mother-in-law, my aunt Davidson. My father Ord. Residue to wife, she executrix. 
Proved 22nd September, 1733.' 

Will, dated 3rd April, 1770, of Elizabeth Armstrong of Hexham, widow: My lands at Ardley, Ardley 
Stobs, the Holmes, etc., and house at Hexham, to Benjamin Peile of Newcastle, gent., and John Bell 
of Hexham, gent., in trust to pay to John Scott of Stannerton, surgeon and apothecary, an annuity of 
^12. The persons who shall be entitled to the said lands to take the name of Ord, and my trustees to 
pay for the Act of Parliament to enable them to do so ; settlement upon Thomas Scott, son of the said 
John Scott, and his sons; then William Scott, second son of John Scott ; then Philip, the third son, etc. 
To Robert Errington of Upper Ardley, ^100; the children of Richard Errington, deceased, his brother, 
£100 ; John Errington, son of John Errington of Crooks-house, deceased, £s°' c'c. Proved July, 1779.' 

William Ord of Nether Ardley, and son of John Scott, late of Stamfordham, surgeon, was seised of 
Nether .•\rdley and Ardley Stobs in 1792 and 1801.- 

Will, dated 24th December, 1824, of William Ord (formerly Scott) of North Shields, in which he gave 
his copyhold lands in the manor of Hexham to his wife Elizabeth for life, with remainder to his two 
nieces Barbara Poole and Elizabeth Poole. The testator outlived his wife, and died 5th November, 1832. 

Barbara and Elizabeth Poole, at a Manor Court held 20th June, 1835, sought to be admitted, but their 
right was opposed by Richard Errington who claimed that the devise by Ord to his nieces could not 
operate, and that he was the right heir of Elizabeth .'\rmstrong.^ 

1824. To be sold, the reversion (expectant on the death of a gentleman aged 80) of the copyhold 
estates of Nether Ardley, Ardley Stob, W"alley Thorn, and the Holmes.' 

1836, 17th November. Richard Errington of Nether Ardley was admitted (as heir of Elizabeth 
Armstrong) under mandamus from the Court of King's Bench to a tenement at Nether Ardley, the Holmes, 
and parcels of ground at Ardley .Stob, etc' 

1845. 1 o '^'^ sold, the desirable country mansion-house of Nether .\rdley, late the residence of William 
Ord, esq., with 54 acres of land; the farm called the Holmes, of 88 acres ; the farm of Walley Thorn, 98 
acres; the farm of Ardley Stob, 140 acres.* 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. -Hexham Manor Rolls. ^ Law Reports, 1836, Adolphus and Ellis, p. 559 

* Newcastle Cotinint, i8th August, 1824. * Newcastle papers, 15th April, 1845. 


Hamburn-hall lies immediately below Ardley, in a wooded hollow on 
the south side of the Ham burn. It is an ancient tenement, and is men- 
tioned in a charter of Archbishop Gray, dated February 14th, 1229. The 
archbishop granted to Richard, son of Alexander, 20 acres of land on the 
Ham burn, which Uudwanus had surrendered to the archbishop in the pre- 
sence of W. Brito, W. de Widindon, and G. de Bokland, his justiciars, 
together with 14 acres in Stukilhop on Smithicruce, and 6 acres of land in 
Alribarne, at an annual rent of i6s.' The grantee in this case was no doubt 
the Richard, son of Alexander, who was bailiff of the manor in 1236.^ The 
grant appears to have been renewed on August 31st of the same year, with 
some alterations, namely, 28 acres on the Ham burn and 30 acres at 
Alribarne, the annual rent being 245.^ On August 23rd, 1235, the grant was 
further renewed and enlarged by the archbishop, and comprises Wdewanus's 
28 acres on the Ham burn, with 20 acres on the south side of the Ham burn, 
and 17 acres upon Smaleleyes, and 7 acres in Bradescroft, together with 3 
acres which had been held by Richard Wittewrith, at a rent of 17s.'* In 1298 
in an inspeximns of Edward I. it is said : 

Tenent etiam duo molendina aquatica, cum suis pertinentiis in Hamburne et Neubiging, et quater- 
viginti acras terrs in eisdem villis : cum secta omnium terrarum novarum et assartandarum ad ilia duo 
molendina praedicta, ex dono domini Walteri le Gray quondam Eboracencis archiepiscopi.' 

In 1307 Hamburn was held as a fief by Roger Blunt and Robert de 
Heton, and was a tenement of 105 acres. The tenants owed suit and service, 
and paid a rent of 20s. a vear." The mills also occur in a rental about 

Estre ce nous tenoms les molins de Hamburn et de Neubigyng, cue la seute que a eux apertiegnent 
par feaute et les services de x marcs par an pur touz services : lez queux molins ne valent nul, an commune- 
ment xxxs.' 

The priorv paid a rent of 10 marks yearly to the archbishop for Ham- 
burn and Newbiggin mills. In an undated roll of the fifteenth centurv 

' ' Omnibus, etc., salutem, noveritis nos concessisse, etc., Ricardo filio .A.lexandri illas viginti acras 
terrie super Hamburne quas Uudwanus coram \V. Britone, \V. de Widindon, et G. de Bokland 
justiciariis nostris apud Hextoldcsham in manibus nostris resignavit ; et xiiij acras in Stukilhop super 
Smithicruce, et sex acras in Alribarne, reddendo inde annuatim sexdecim solidos, etc. Data apud Torp, 
xix kal. Februarii, anno terciodecimo.' York Registers, Gray ; Rot. Mag. No. 27. 

" Vol. iii. p. 64. ' York Registers, Gray ; Rot. Mag. No. 47. 

''Omnibus, etc., salutem, noveritis nos concessisse, etc., Ricardo filio Alexandri illas xxviij acras 
terras super Hameburne quas Wdewanus coram justiciariis nostris resignavit et xx acras terrac ex 
australi parte ejusdem Hameburne, et xvij acras super Smaleleyes et vij acras in Bradescroft, cum iij 
acris quas Ricardus Wittewrith tenuit, reddendo inde annuatim xvij', etc. Data apud Otteley, x kal. 
Sept., anno xx.' Ibid. No. 86. ' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 109. 

York Registers, Greenfield, pt. ii. f. 224 a. ' Hexham Priory, vol. ii. pp. 134. 140. 


William Grene held Hamburn-hall.' In 1547 Thomas Cranmere held 
Hambrig-hall at a rent of 3s. a year; and in 1663 it was rated to Henry 
Johnson at £"] 6s. 8d. ; and with his descendant, the Rev. J. F. Johnson,^ 
it now remains. The estate was enlarged in 1800 by an allotment from 
the common of 92 acres of freehold land, and it has i6j stints in the stinted 
pastures. As it has been found impossible to obtain any information from 
Mr. Johnson, a pedigree, such as his faniilv is entitled to from length of 
ownership, cannot be given, but the following wills are given from the York 
registry, etc. : 

1668, 26th November. Will of Henry Johnson of Haniliurn-hall, yeoman: My daughter, Margaret 
Charlcton ; my daughter, Jane Armstrong; my grandchildren, Mar>' and Henry Johnson. Residue to 
son, John Johnson, he executor. Proved at York, 26th January, 1669/70.' 

1702, 4th July. Will of Jaines Johnson of He.Kham, chapman; To be buried in churchyard, near my 
former wife and three children. Wife Isabel, £b per annum ; daughter Mary, wife of Simon Ingleby, 
grocer, of .Shincliffe, ^350 for her children ; daughter Jane, wife of Joseph Tate of Hexham, gent., £y^o 
for her only child now alive or them she shall have. Codicil, 15th September, 1712: To John Tate, son 
of Joseph Tate, and my daughter Mary, the rectory and tithes of Corsenside. Passed the seal .at York, 
24th November, 171 2." 

1712, 4th October. Will of John Johnson of Hamburn-hall, yeoman: To my wife Elizabeth, all my 
estate in Hamburn-hall, Rattenraw, New Close, Miln-house, alias Whitley Miln-house, Moore Close, 
and Dalton Town foot, for life; remainder to my son Samuel Johnson, now living at White-hall, for life; 
remainder to his son John Johnson; my grandchildren, children of my daughter Sara Ord, deceased, 
John, Margaret, and Elizabeth, ^^15; my daughter Mary Carr's children; my sister Mary Teasdale ; 
John Johnson, my brother's son, living in Allendale. Residue to wife. Proved at York, 17th June, 

1718/9, 19th Februar)'. Will of Elizabeth Johnson of H.amburn-hall : My son Samuel Johnson, now- 
living at White-hall ; my sister, Marj' Teasdale ; my daughter, Mary Carr ; my daughter Sarah's 
children, John and Elizabeth. Residue to my son Samuel, he executor. Proved at York, 25th 
September, 1719.' 

1721, 5th September. George Johnson, chapman, dissenter, buried in the church.' 

1721, 24th August. Will of George Johnston of Hexham, mercer: My wife, the use of household 
goods, etc., whilst unmarried ; then to my five daughters, Margaret, Rebecca, Mary, Alice, and Hannah ; 
son Richard Johnson (a minor), .£450; daughters Margaret, Rebecca, and Mary, each ^200; to Mr. 
William Errington of Apperley, a guinea for a mourning ring. Residue to brother Alexander Johnson of 
Newcastle, gent., and Thomas Carr, Richard Heron, and David Johnson of Hexham, gentlemen, in 
trust for my eldest son David Johnson. Proved 7th July, 1722.' 

1724/5, 6th February. Will of William Johnson of He.xham, merchant : wife Jane, son Robert Johnson, 
IS.; son Ale.xander Johnson, my house in Market Street and ^600; son John Johnson, an annuity of 
/'6 13s. 4d.; son Herbert Johnson, ^600 ; daughter Jane Parker ; brother Alexander Johnson. To the poor 
at the church door when I am buried, /j. Residue to my son David Johnson. Proved 26th July, 1725.' 

1728, 22nd July. Mr. David Johnson buried in church.' 

' See also Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 105, 106, 109, 134, 140. 

- The Rev. John Fairbairn Johnson of University college, Durham, some time vicar of Ab-Kettleby 
Leicestershire, and afterwards rector of Wasing, near Reading; in 1875 "'^s returned as owner of :o6 
acres of land in Northumberland, of the estimated rental of £90. His father, Mr. William Johnson 
of Newcastle, was at the same time returned as owner of 474 acres, w-ith an estimated rental of /'290 
Parliamentary Return of Owners of Land, 1893. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. ' Hexham Register. 


1728, 17th July. Will of David Johnson, sen., of Hexham, mercer: Lands, etc., under Sir William 
Blackett, in Wall, etc. ; to Mary, my wife, my moiety of the tythe corn of Acombe ; my own mother Jane 
Johnson, 50 guineas ; wife, ^100 and household goods; brothers Alexander and Herbert Johnson, and 
sister Jane Dawson, each ^20 ; late father William Johnson, brother John Johnson, my cousin Joseph Tate, 
daughters Mary and Jane Johnson, my tenement called Shipton Shield, etc. ; mother-in-law Mrs. Jackson, 
Mr. Lancelot Allgood, bailiff of Hexham, supervisor. Passed seal at York, 1st October, 1728.' 

1735 Alexander Johnston, mercer, buried. - 

1735, i^th September. Will of Alexander Johnson: To Mary my wife, and my cozen Edward 
Winshipp of Corbridge, gent., all my personal estate, in trust; son Thomas Johnson (a minor), daughter 
Elizabeth Johnson, brother John Johnson. Passed seal at York, 30th December, 1735.' 

1735/6, 27th January. Mrs. Johnson, widow of Mr. David, buried.- 

1735, 26th December. Will of Mary Johnson: All, to Rev. Charles Stoddart, parson, of Chollerton ; 
Forster Charlton of Leehall, gent. ; and Thomas Stokoe of Hexham, tailor, in trust for George, Thomas, 
Elizabeth, Mar)', and Rebecca Johnson, my children. Late husband, David Johnson. Passed seal at 
York, 14th April, 1736.' 

1736, 15th December. Mr. Herbert Johnson, buried.^ 

1736, 26th November. Will of Herbert Johnson of Hexham, gent. : Uncle Edward Tate of Hexham, 
tanner, all in trust for my nephew David Johnson, son of my brother John Johnson, deceased. Passed 
seal at York, 24th March, 1736/7.' 

Spital Shield stands on a bleak, exposed site, in the extreme west of 
the Middle Quarter, near the head of the Ham burn. In 1663 it had the 
alternative name of Spittle-field, and in 1677 was in the possession of Robert 
Winter. He mentions in his will three William Winters, his father, his 
brother (to whom he gives half of his lands at Spittle-field), and his son, to 
whom he gives the other half, and also his wife's lands at Ryton. In 1681 
William Winter, the father, took out a grant of tuition to the infant heir, 
and made his own will in 1688, by which he gave to his wife, Margaret, for 
life, the ' Easter part of Spittle Sheel, as it is now divided between me and 
my grandson, William Winter,' with remainder to his son William Winter 
of Upper Ardley, yeoman ; he names his two vounger sons, John and 
George, and his daughter Margaret. The family continued to hold the 
estate until after the death of Abraham Winter, whose will was proved in 
1762. In 1785 it was in the possession of John Johnson and William 
Adamson, the former of whom was, in 1800, awarded 24 acres of freehold, 
with 6f stints, and the latter 103 acres and 191 stints in satisfaction of their 
common rights. Spital Shield^ now belongs to Mrs. Stephenson. 

South-west of Hamburn-hall stand the High and Low Eshells, both 
owned by Mrs. Henry A. Campbell and her two sisters, the Misses Clavering ; 
and below are Winter-house, the Heigh, and Burntridge. High Eshells 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ■ Hexham Register. 

'In 1826 Thomas ."Xdamson, and in 1832 Thomas and William Adamson of Spital Shield, voted for 
freehold lands there. Poll Book. 


has a grey and green slated farm house, sheltered in the customary way 
with a clump of ash trees. A pasture field near bv has the old oxen- 
ploughed ridges. The substantial farm house of Low Eshells stands among 
well-cared-for grass fields, and is sheltered from the north and west by 
neatly 'rigged' heather-thatched barns and shed. In 1547 a tenement at 
the Esshe Shells was held by Thomas Gibson at the yearly rent of 12s. 6d. ; 
and in 1608 George Ogle held a tenement here and another at Winter-house, 
worth £6 2s. 6d. by the year, whilst Rinyon Forster, Thomas Rowland, 
and Matthew Forster held another tenement at the Over Eisheeles, which 
was worth £1 15s. a year. 

In 1663 Thomas Ogle of Nether-hishills was rated for that place and 
Winter-house at _^22 17s. 6d., Sir William Fenwick being rated at £i'& 2s. 4d. 
for Overishells and the Heigh. 

There is no evidence to connect the familv of Forster so long associ- 
ated with this place with the Forsters of Bamburghshire, though the same 
Christian names occur, and it is curious that after leaving Hexhamshire this 
line has become settled in Islandshire, near Bamburgh. Matthew Forster 
answered at the court in 1626, and William Forster in 1665; the latter was 
buried on the 9th January, 1671.^ 

By the award on the division of Hexham common in 1800, Charles John 
Clavering was allotted 153 acres of freehold land and 30 stints for High 
Eshells, and 116 acres of copyhold land and 27!^. stints for Low Eshells. 

The Winter-house is a thatched homestead overlooking the Rowley 
burn, whose banks are here clothed with well-grown hardwood trees. 
The Heigh (pronounced ' Hythe ') is also heather-thatched ; it was in 
1547 held with lands in Black-hall and Steel by John Swinburn. It was 
granted as part of the estate of Sir John Swinburn, by letters patent,^ dated 
6th April, 1604, to Sir Henry Lindley of Hadden, in Kent, knight, and to John 
Starkey of the same place, gentleman, his servant, both extensive grantees 
of monastic and other lands in the county. It was sold by them on the 26th 
February, 1605, to Sir John Fenwick of Wallington, and in 1663, as has been 
already mentioned, it belonged to Sir William Fenwick. In 1722 Hercules 

' Thomas Lawes of the Eshells, 'a reputed papist,' was carried before a justice of the peace, on the 
charge of having been concerned in the late rebellion ; but having the reputation of an honest, quiet, and 
peaceable man, he was discharged, and obtained a certificate, dated 23rd October, 1716. Sessions 
Ricords. In the following year, he, as a Roman Catholic, registered his estate, which consisted of a 
messuage in Hexham, which he held in right of his wife. 

■ Land Revenue Record Office Auditor's Enrolments, vol. xviii. p. 20. 




ROBEKT FoRSTER of Eshells ; will dated 14th July, 1684 ; 
proved at Yoik, 7th Aug., :685. 

Jane ; sole executrix to 

husband's will. 

Baxter ; 


Robert Forster of Eshells ; = Elizabeth, daughter 


under age at date of 
father's will ; will 26th 
Feb., 1735 ; proved 
loth March, 1737/8 (<) ; 
enrolled at office of 
clerk of the peace, 28th 
Sept., 1738. 

of Winter, 

second wife ; mar- 
ried 22nd Nov., 
1726 Qi) ; she re- 
married, before 
1738, John Ord. 

Matthew = Catherine Simp- 

Forster son of the 

of Lee ; married 

Eshells. 13th May, 



Robert Forster, 
Oct., 1727 
(6); in 1749 
of Mickley. 

= Sarah 




Thomas, bap- 
tised 1st Sept., 
1729 (^) ; of 
Watch Currock 
(/)■ ^ 

Joseph, bap- 
tised 2nd Jan., 

1734 (») ; of 

Yarridge (^/~). 


William Forster, 

baptised 27th 

May, 1736(1^); 

of Nafferton 



I I 

(From whom Forster of Corbridge and White-house, near Gateshead.) 

John Forster of Eshells, 
eldest son ; was 40 years 
of age in 1745 ; died 1st 
Nov., 1749 (^) ; will 
dated 27th Oct., 1749 ; 
proved 175° C*^)- 

Sarah, daughter of William Thomp- 
son, sister of George Thompson 
of Langley castle, and grand- 
daughter of George Forster of 
Cookridge ; buried i6th Oct., 
1748 (a). 

Joanna, baptised 3rd 
May, 1 7 17 (i). 

Frances, baptised 25th 
Oct., 1719 (A). 

Dorothy, baptised gth Jan., 
1722 (i5) ; married John 
Simmons of Kentstone 
and died 15th April, 

John Forster, 
1 2th July, 

1744 C'') ; 

died in in- 

William Forster 
of Eshells, 
which he 
spent ; mar- 
ried twice, 
but died s./>. 

Matthew Forster = Catherine, daugh- John, baptised 
f Fenwick, in ter of Robert 14th Oct., 
slandshire, Simmons of 174^ (^) ; 
laptised 4th Netherton married ... 
Burn-foot ; Leyburn, 
died 13th and farmed 
July, 18 1 8, near Hex- 
aged 72 (c). ham (/"). 

of Fenwick, in 
baptised 4th 
Oct., 1747 (li) ; 
died 17th July, 
1818, aged 72 

Margaret, baptised 7th June, 

1741 («) ; married ... Carr 
of Dotland park (/).' 

Mary, baptised 6th June, 

1742 (a) ; married Joseph 
Swinburn(y^ * 

Jane ; married William 
Taylor (/).* 

John Forster of Gath- 
erwick, baptised at 
Haydon Bridge ((5), 
l6th April, 1775 ; 
died 23rd July, 
1843, aged 68 (c)- 

Sarah, daughter 
of John Grey 
of Old Hea- 
ton ; died 8th 
Feb., 1854, 
aged 78 (c). 

Robert Forster of London, = 
baptised at HaydonBridge, 
15th Sept., 1776 (/5) ; en- 
tered at the English col- 
lege, Rome, and studied 
for the priesthood. 


. , daugh- Matthew Forster of Kentstone ; 

ter of ... entered at Douay and studied 

Robson. for the priesthood ; for 15 

months was incarcerated at 

Dourlens ; died unmarried 

nth June,i834, aged 55 (c). 

Dorothy, born 29th July, 1780 (</) ; died unmarried 19th March, 184S (c). 

Mary Jane, born 8th July, 1782 (rf) ; married W. G. Sharp, captain and pay-master 

1st Foot, and died gth March, 1831 (c). 
Catherine, born loth June, 1784 (</) ; died unmarried July, 1861 ; buried at Wooler. 

John Forster 
of Seaton 
Sluice ; 
died 1871, 
aged 74. 


Matthew Forster 
of Kentstone ; 
died unmarried, 
1881, aged 79. 

. I 

Forster of 

William Forster = Mary, 


of Scremer- 
ston ; died 


Their youngest son 

of Michael 
Clark of 




of Berwick. 

Forster, now (1897) 

of Nor- 


Roman Catholic priest at Hutton Henry, co. Durham. 

James ; emigrated 
to Australia. 4/ 

I I 
Patience ; died ... Oct., 1844, aged 44 (c). 
Sarah ; died loth Feb., 1854, aged 52 (c). 

I I 
Dorothy ; died 22nd Jan., 1886 ; buried at Wooler. 
.^nn ; died 15th April, 1868 ; buried at Wooler. 

(«) Hexham Register. 

ij)) Hexham Roman Catholic Registe7\ 

(f) M.I. Kyloe. 

((/) Berwick Register. 

(e) Raine, Test. Ehor. 
i^f) Bell Collection, .-Mnwick castle. 

■ It is somewhat doubtful whether it was not the aunts of these ladies bearing identical names which made these marriages, 
for William Taylor and Jane Forster were married 7th January, 1752. Hexham Romtm Catholic Registers. 


Burleigh of Le Heigh voted for lands there. With Heathery haugh, which 
lies in the hollow on the right bank of the Rowley burn, it belonged, in 1800, 
to Sir Thomas John Clavering, bart., of A.xwell, who was awarded in satis- 
faction of his common rights appurtenant to both places, 62 acres of copy- 
hold land and 19 stints on the stinted pastures. It is now owned by Mrs. 
Henry A. Campbell and her two sisters', the Misses Clavering. 

Between the Whapweasel and the Rowley burns is Burntrig, protected 
by a fine belt of pine trees. 


The High Quarter, with an area of 6,539 acres, is the largest division 
of Hexhamshire, but it is the poorest, most barren, and least populated 
of the four, and its present rateable value is only _^2,i04. At the last 
census the population was 125.' The holdings mostly lie in a narrow 
strip of country running north and south along the Devil's Water, and are 
backed by bleak fells on the west. It is quite possible that Lillswood, 
which from a high elevation (the moor attached to it being 1,467 feet above 
sea-level) commands an extensive and noble view down the valley of the 
Devil's Water, is the wood of Lilla, the thane of Eadwin, king of Northum- 
bria, who saved his master's life at the expense of his own. A thirteenth- 
century charter, previously quoted, speaks of the high road leading to the 
'forest of Lillesvvude'; and, in 1256, William, son of Ralph de Lillswood, 
was done to death by one William de Eslington. On the nth January, 
1304, William, son of Katherine, obtained from Archbishop Corbridge a 
grant of 60 acres of land in Lilleswode, on the Devil's Water, ' ad reducen- 
dum in culturam,' at a rent of 30s. a year.^ In 1547, Henry Ord and George 
Armstrong were the owners ; and, in 1608, Gawen Swinburn held one moiety, 
the annual value of which was £2 6s.; Edward Armstrong of the Turf-house 
held a tenement of the same value, and Elizabeth Liddell held Lillswood 
park, which was also worth £2 6s. a year. Gawen Swinburn may have been 
of the same family as that which owned the Black-hall. John Swinburn is 
the only person rated for Litsewood or Lislewood in 1663, and either by him 
or by his descendant a share of Lillswood was, in 1696, sold to John Hill of 

' The Census Returns are : 1801,268; 1811,303; 1821,279; 1831.273; 1841,206; 1851,243; 1861, 
243 ; l87i> 206 ; 1881, 156 ; 1891, 125. " York Re^hUrs., Corbridge, f. 97 b.; c/. vol. iii. p. 25 n. 


Chester-hall, in the county of Durham. Armstrong's portion may have 
passed to John Ord of Barker-house, whose name appears in the Call Roll 
of 1665 for half of Lillswood. In 1800 there were two freehold and three 
copyhold tenants in Lillswood, who obtained allotments in lieu of their 
common rights. There were then awarded to Cuthbert Ord, 16 acres of free- 
hold and 5I stints; to Thomas Ord, 14 acres of freehold and 6| stints; to 
William Curry, 15 acres of copyhold land and 5^ stints; to John Nattrass, 15 
acres of copyhold and 4J stints; and to Isaac Harrison, 14 acres of copyhold 
land. The present owners are Mr. Joseph Charlton of Capheaton, Mr. Peter 
Dixon, and Miss Dodd of Benton. 

The place is provided with a Methodist chapel, and has a public element- 
ary school, with a small endowment, built on a plot of ground surrendered 
at the Manor Court in 1828, and enrolled in Chancery, 19th November, 1830.^ 

Stotsfold, under the name of Stobfolde, belonged in 1547 to Cuthbert 
Hurd or Ord, no doubt an ancestor of the John Ord who held Scottfouldes 
in 1608, at which time it was worth ^3 3s. 4d. a year. In 1637, George 
Gibson answered for Stotsfold, and in 1663 Richard Gibson was rated for 
the same at ^14. It remained with their descendants until the beginning of 
this century, when it was sold by the trustees of Jasper Gibson" to John 
Robson of Allenheads mill ; and his daughter, Mrs. Dorothy Lynn, is the 
present owner. It has considerable plantations of larch and spruce. 

Turf-house, Litterage, Peacock-house, White-hall, and Hackford, are all 
between Stotsfold and the Devil's Water. Turf-house, in 1547, was held 
by Richard West at the annual rent of 8d., and in 1608 Edward Armstrong 
had a holding there worth 3s. 8d. a year. In 1663 Sir Edward Radcliffe 
was the only person rated, and that at £2 17s. 4d. ; and in respect of these 
lands, the Greenwich hospital commissioners were, in 1800, awarded 21 acres 
of freehold and 8 stints. But there must have been other owners, for to John 
Dixon was awarded 13 acres of copyhold and 5! stints, which, with his 
ancient lands, he sold for ^1,000 to the commissioners.^ 

Litterage, in the sixteenth century written Litterigem, and in the begin- 
ning of the seventeenth Litteredge, was, under the form of Little Ragg, in 
1663, rated to John Ord of the Barker-house at £(:> i is. 6d. Ord's descend- 

' Churchwardens' Books, Whitley cliapcl. 

" To Jasper Gibson, in 1800, was awarded for Stotsfold 148 acres of freehold land and 24* stints on 
the stinted pasture in lieu of common right. P'or pedigree of Gibson of Stone-croft and Hexham, see 
Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. pj). 393-395. ' Report of Greeiru'ich Hospital Comiinsswners, 1805. 

\'0L. IV. 9 


ants parted with it about the beginning of last century, and after passing 
through the hands of the family of Rowell, it was acquired by William Martin, 
who, in 1800, received an allotment, in lieu of his common rights, of 31 acres 
of copyhold and 5I stints. It now belongs to Mr. Thomas Taylor of Slaley. 

Peacock-house, a farm of 72 acres of ancient lands, received an allot- 
ment in 1800 of 70 acres of freehold and 17! stints.' It was sold by the 
Greenwich hospital connnissioners to Mr. Beaumont. 

The White-hall, in the middle of the sixteenth century, was held by 
Richard West and Richard Readshaw of Ardlev ; sixty years after, George 
Ord held a tenement here worth ^3 los. 6d. a year. In 1663 it was rated at 
£'] I OS. lod. to John Ord, Margaret Errington, and Margaret Eggleston of 
the White-hall ; their respective interests are not stated. It has been already 
noticed, under Hamburn-hall, that the Johnson family was connected with 
White-hall during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In 1800 Thomas 
Johnson and Thomas Johnson the younger were respectively awarded for 
common rights appurtenant to their lands here, 47 acres and 84 stints, and 
50 acres of copyhold land and 9 stints on the stinted pastures. It now 
belongs to the Rev. J. F. Johnson." A Methodist chapel, built in 1871, 
stands by the wayside. 

Hackford, on the slope of the Devil's Water and on the left bank of 
the Lillswood burn, probably takes its name from the hackwood or birdcherrv, 
which in March and April, with its white bloom, profusely adorns the banks 
of these moorland streams. It seems to have been known as Woodside in 
the sixteenth century, when, with the Mill-house and Raw Green, it was held 
by the family of Ord. Edward Ord, the tenant in 1608, must have died 
immediately after, for an inquisition was taken in 161 2 on the death of John 
Ord of Wooley, when the jury found that he had died seised of a tenement 
called Woodside alias Hackford, and that John Ord was his cousin and 
heir.' Six years later it was surrendered to Thomas Fairbridge, whose 

' Report of Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, 1805. 

" In 1748 and 1774, John Johnson of White-hall voted for Haniljuin-hall ; in iS^6, John Johnson of 
DaUon, for Haniburn-hall ; in 1832, Thomas Johnson of White-hall and Thomas Johnson of Hexham, 
both voted for White-hall; John Johnson of Dalton voted for Hambiun-hall. 

^' October 20th, 1612. Ad hanc curiam compertum est per homagiuni quod ante hanc curiam Joh. 
Ourd nuper de W'ollcy defunctus qui de domino tenuit sibi et heredibus suis in perpetuum secundum 
consuetudinem hujus manerii, tcnemcntum cum pert, jacens infra Newlandc cum Rowley ward. vul;.40 
vocatum Woodsydc tilias Hackford obiit indc seisitus, ct quod Joh. Ourd de Wolley predicto est 
consanguineus et pro.ximus heres predicti Joh. Ourd. Et est plene etatis. Qui hie in curia petit admitti ad 
premissa, cui dictus doniinus rex per senescallum suum concessit ci inde seisinam, etc., reddendo inde 
annuatim dicto domino regi, etc., ixs. xd. at festa consueta,' etc. Anick Grange Court Rolls. 


successor Robert Fairbridge, in 1651 obtained other lands in Hackford, by 
surrender from Edward Ward (?Ord) of Evensham, in Oxfordshire, son and 
heir of John Ward of Woolylee. Robert Fairbridge only was rated for 
Hackford in 1663 at ^11 9s. lod. He died in 1678, and by his will desired 
' To be buried in Hexham church, and devised to his wife Jane all his insight 
gear, except two arkes ; he mentions his son Thomas, his son-in-law Cuthbert 
Teasdale, his daughter Joanna Shield and Nicholas her son ; his brother 
Anthony Fairbridge. He gives to the poor of the Middle and High 
Quarters j^io, the use to be paid at Whitley chapel, at All Saints' dav, for 
ever. Residue to son Robert, the sole executor." The will of Thomas 
Fairbridge of Hackford, yeoman, dated 6th April, 171 8, after mentioning a 
numerous family, charges his estate at Stobby Lee with an annuity. His 
eldest son Robert was admitted in 1720 to a tenement called Woodside or 
Hackford and five dargs or davs' works of meadow in Lillswood. A 
copyhold estate at Hackford, worth ^^46 a year, was advertised for sale in 
1744,^ and George Blenkinsop's name appears in the rolls for 1763. In 
1800 Anthonv Leaton was awarded for Stone-house 81 acres, and for Hack- 
ford and Hackford mill 2 acres of copyhold land, with ^^li stints on the 
stinted pastures. Hackford now belongs to the Rev. J. W. Napier- 
Clavering of Axwell. 

East and south of Lillswood are the Park-house, Eadsbush, the Hesley- 
well, the Hill-house, Longlee Steel, and Stobby Lee. 

Park-house in 1626 was held by John Armstrong in right of his wife: 
he was succeeded by his son William Armstrong, whose holding, in 1663, 
was rated at ^2 14s. a year: he died in 1670, leaving his only son John in 
charge of his brother Dominic Armstrong.^ John Armstrong died in 1731, 
leaving a son William, and two grandsons William and John. In 1769 
administration was granted to the estate of William Armstrong of Park- 
house to his widow Elizabeth. To John Armstrong, in 1800, was awarded 
33 acres of copyhold land and ib'i stints in lieu of his common rights. In 
1829 the holding was in the hands of William Crawhall, whose descendants 
still hold it. 

Eadsbush or Eddy's bush may be identified with Edesmedowe held in 
1547 by Cuthbert Ogle at a rent of 4s. lod. In 1663 Bush-house or Eads- 
bush was rated to George Armstrong at £2 5 it subsequentlv belonged to 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ■ Newcastle Journal, 7th January, 1744. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


the Greenwich hospital commissioners, to whom, in 1788, it yielded a rental 
of ;^i8. It received an allotment of common in 1800 of 8 acres of freehold 
land and 5 stints in the stinted pastures. The present owner is Mr. W. C. 
B. Beaumont. 

Hesley-well in the sixteenth century belonged to a family of Swinburn, 
possibly the same which owned a moiety of Lillswood ; in 1626 and in 1663, 
its owner was George Simpson. In 1800 John Forster obtained an allot- 
ment from the common of 44 acres of freehold land with lo,;; stints; and in 
1826 and 1832 John Bolam of Grousey-house voted for lands in Hesley-well. 
It was sold by the devisees of John Bolam to Mr. Wm. Angus of Raw 
Green, recentlv deceased. 

The Hill-house, in 1626 and in 1637, was possessed by George Di.\on, 
and though other surnames intervene, the name of Peter Dixon of Avdon 
Shield appears as owner in the Poll Book of 1826. It still remains in his 

Long Lee, Langlee, or Langley, was held by the Ords in 1547 and 
1608, in which latter year William Ord of Langley was buried in Hexham 
church. William Armstrong acquired at least part of the estate in 1637, 
and his descendants remained until 1683, when they were succeeded by a 
branch of the Carr familv, who made this place their home for two or three 
generations. The following wills are from the registrv at York :' 

1710, 27th December. Will of John Carr of Langlee, yeoman: To my son Henry my lands at the 
Intack-house; to my son George Carr the crops, etc., on my estate at Longlee, my daughters, Mary and 
Ann, and my wife Mary. 

1719, 15th April. Will of George Carr of Longlee, yeoman: The fourth part of Longlee to .Samuel 
Teasdale of Steel, gentleman, to sell, etc., and pay my sister Elizabeth Carr ^40. Residue to my nephew 
John Carr; my mother Mary executrix. 

1744/5, 27th February. Will of George Carr of the Lee, yeoman : I have surrendered half of a tene- 
ment or village called the Lea in Nevvlands and Rowley ward to the use of Jane, my wife, for her life ; 
then to my eldest son George Carr and his heirs ; my sons Robert and Thomas Carr; my daughter Mary, 
wife of John Golightly; my daughter Jane, wife of James Yare. Residue to my wife and my son Robert. 

In 1 78 1 Thomas Fairbridge of the Hagg, in Allendale, devised his lands 
at Langlee to his son Joseph, and mentions his kinsman Thomas Fairbridge 
of the same place. In 1800 there was awarded to Joseph Fairbridge 33 
acres of copvhold land and iif stints; and to Elizabeth Carr 41 acres of 
copyhold with 10^ stints in satisfaction of common rights appurtenant to their 
lands in Long Lee. 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


References to the Steel are too indefinite to decide whether they 
should be applied to this place or to the places of the same name in the 
Middle Quarter and Slaley parish. It was also known as Growfey-field, 
and belonged to a family called Jowsey, who sold it to Mr. Robt. Little of 
Harwood Shield, to whose son, Mr. George D. Little, it now belongs.^ 

Though Stobby Lee in 1547 was held by sundry tenants, it was in 1608 
held by Edward Dixon, who had succeeded his father, Bartholomew Dixon. 
In 1626 it was owned bv William Dixon of the Hill-house, and, as Stobley, 
was rated in 1663 to Richard Dixon at ^,6 is. 4d. Part of it was acquired 
by Robert Surtees before 1774, and in 1800 he received an allotment of 74 
acres of freehold with 1 1 stints in satisfaction of his common rights. The 
other owner, John Curry, was awarded 41 acres of freehold and 5I stints. 
Stobby Lee is now owned by the Rev. J. W. Napier-Clavering of Axwell. 

The fell above Harwood Shield has an elevation of over 1,250 feet 
above sea-level, and near the Hally-well moss is the source of the Devil's 
Water. In 1586 Nicholas Ridley of Willimoteswick died seised of lands 
in Harwood Shield, leaving William Ridley his brother and heir. The 
latter died in 1599, and was succeeded bv his son of the same name, whose 
lands in Harwood Shield in 1608 were worth £1 12s. a year. At the same 
period Ralph Errington held here a tenement worth £2 2s., late in the 
occupation of Lancelot Armstrong, which niav perhaps be the Harsudle- 
house held by William Armstrong in 1547. Sir John Fenwick held lands 
here in 1626, and in 1663 Philip Jefferson and Jane Armstrong were rated 
for the same at £1 8s. Under order of the Court of Chancerv the freehold 
estate of Harwood Shield and the Heigh, late belonging to William Burleigh, 
gentleman, deceased, were advertised to be sold in 1762 : thev were then let 
for £<^Qi a year, and were to be sold subject to the dower of Mary Burleigh, 
widow.' The substantial stone-built homestead stands on the Devil's Water, 
here quite a narrow burn, from which the heather-clad moors rise on both 
sides. The estate now belongs to the Rev. J. W. Napier-Clavering of 

The old mansion house of Riddlehamhope is on the southern slope of 
the loftv fell, and overhangs the Beldon burn, an atlluent of the Derwent. 

' Ex. inf. Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 

- Nezi'castle Coiiraiit, 13th February, 1762. The will of Hercules Burleigh of .-Mlendale Town, dated 
29th July, 1743, was proved at York the same year by Catherine Burleigh, his widow, and executrix. 
Raine, Test. Ebor. 


On the 2 1 St September, 1338, Edmund Howard, warden of the hospital 
of St. Giles of Kepyer, near Durham, did homage to the archbishop for 
South Ridlam in the liberty of Hexham, paying 40s. a year.' The place is 
very remote, however, and the tenants were probably- imruly and inde- 
pendent. On November 8th, 1333, the archbishop ordered his bailiff to 
arrest Richard TuUy and Gilbert Cambe, tenants at Redelem, who had been 
excommunicated and were contumacious.'' 

Its connection with Kepver is also recorded in tht.' survev of 1547, when 
it is described as 'South Shield alias Ridelamehoppe.' In [663 it was in the 
hands of Robert Bowman, and was rated at £"] per annum. It now belongs 
to the Kev. J. W. Napier-Clavering, and has for some vears been rented by 
Major Fisher, who here practises and enjoys the gentle art of falconry. 

Gairshield, Cockershield, Rowley head, and Westburnhope are grouped 
together in the north-west of the Quarter. Gairshield, which nnist be 
distinguished from a place of the same name in Allendale, was one of the 
estates of Cuthbert Readshaw, and was divided between his two daughters, 
who married into the families of Errington and Thirhvall. In 1587 Jane, 
wife of Gerard Errington, fined for half of Gairshield. In 1606 Philip 
Thirhvall of Hexham, who must have acquired the other moiety from the 
Erringtons, surrendered the property to Edward, son and heir of Francis 
Radcliffe of Dilston. In 1663 Garry Sheilds or Gairshield was rated to Sir 
Edward Radcliffe at £2 1 7s. 4d. : its subsequent history is that of the rest 
of the Radcliffe estates. In 1800 it was awarded 48 acres of freehold land 
and lit stints on the stinted pastures in satisfaction of the common rights. 
It stands in a cold, bleak, comfortless situation. The present owner is 
Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont. 

Cockershield in 1547 was held by Richard West at the rent of I2d. a 
year, and under the name of Cooksheele was rated in 1663 to John Bartram 
at £2) 19s- In 1782 it was devised by the will of James Wood of Byker to 
his son Robert ; and to the heirs of James Wood 53 acres of freehold land 
and 8i stints on the stinted pastures were awarded in 1800. John Uixon of 
Broad Oak voted for lands here in 1832, and his descendant, Mr. Robert 
Dixon of Ebchester, is the present owner. 

In connection with Rowlev head, it is noteworthy that there was 
anciently a place called Rowley in this part of the regality, which, until 

' York Registers, Melton, f. 595 a. " Ibid. f. 434 a. 


lately, was known as the Nevvlands and Rowlev ward. On the 12th 
December, 1332, Archbishop Melton issued a commission to Richard de 
Tang, Adam de Corbrigg, and Thomas de Horsleye, to hear and judge 
a plea between Roger de Errington, plaintiif, and Henry de Denum, 
defendant, concerning the manor of Rowley, which Roger de Errington 
claimed as his inheritance, and which Robert de Errington, brother of the 
said Roger, was said to have leased for a term of years to John de Denum.' 
The result of the suit is not recorded, but the fact that there was once a 
manor called Rowley is interesting. The later history is the same as that 
of Gairshield. It consisted of 132 acres of ancient enclosure, and was 
augmented in iSoo by 67 acres of freehold land, and 26I stints on the 
stinted pastures, in lieu of common rights. In 1805 it was described as of 
indifferent quality, and was then let for £']b per annum. ' 

The Westbumhope mentioned in the inqiiisitio post mortem of Sir 
John Forster in 1602, may be the place of that name in this quarter, for 
which, in 1663, Robert Pearson was assessed at £~^ a year. In 1800, to 
Thomas Richard and Diana Beaumont were awarded 72 acres of freehold 
land and 13 stints, in satisfaction of their common rights appurtenant to 
Westburn-hope. The present owner, Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, is their 

The other small farmsteads in the High Quarter are Grouse-house,^ near 
the source of the Lillswood burn; Hally-well, on the highest part of the fell, 
1,500 feet above sea-level; Heathery burn^ (on an affluent of the Beldon 
burn), which gives its name to the most remote of the three stinted pastures of 
the shire ; Westburnhope, in the Black Cleugh near the Rowley burn (which 
in that region is called the Linn burn) ; and Broadwell-house, by the road- 
side, where resides the master of Lillswood school. 


The fells and moors (a tract of 42,230 acres), which stretched south- 
ward of Nubbock, mile after mile, almost to the banks of the Derwent, lay, up 
to the end of last century, open and unenclosed, though here and there, 

' York Registers, Melton, f. 422 b. " Greenwich Hospital Cuiiimissiuners' Report, 1S05. 

'■' Archibald Bolam of (iateshcad voted in 1S32 for freehold land at Grouse-house. 
' For Wester-meadows, West Field-nook, and Heather)- burn. Lord Crewe's trustees in iSoo received 
an allotment of freehold lands and 19S stints on the stinted pastures. 


sparsely scattered, were homesteads and arable fields of free or copyhold 
land held in severalty. The grazing rights belonged, by prescription, to the 
tenants of Allendale, the Middle Quarter, the High Quarter, and to the 
tenants of West Greenridge and East Greenridge in the West Quarter. 
The discontent caused by the inconveniences of the system, manifold and 
manifest as they were, found public expression in a meeting held at Allen- 
dale Town in October, 1791,' at whicli resolutions were passed, which led 
to the appointment of John Fryer of Newcastle, land surveyor, William 
Bates of Clarewood, and Thomas Bates of Halton, as agents to procure an 
Act of Parliament for the enclosing and division of the common. The Act 
was obtained in 1792,' and the three persons above named were appointed 
commissioners to carry it into execution. Their first movement was to 
cause the boundaries to be perambulated ; their second, to require those 
who had right of common to send in their claims in writing; and their third 
step, to receive objections to claims.'* 

It was not until 31st December, 1800, that the General Award was 
formallv siened and executed ; it was enrolled at the Easter Sessions held at 
Morpeth on the i6th April, 1801. The original award, with five plans on 
vellum, showing the several allotments, is deposited at the office of the 
baiUlF of the manor of Hexham ; and an enrolled copy is in the office of 
the clerk of the peace for Northumberland at the Moot hall. 

Some idea may be formed of the arduous duties of the commissioners, 
when it is realised that they satisfied over 280 claims with above 650 
allotments, and set off public and occupation roads, watering places, and 
public quarries. The creation of these numerous small holdings changed 
the face of the district ; but there still remained large tracts wholly unsuit- 
able for dividing in such a manner, which the commissioners reserved, and 
established as stinted pastures, on which stints were allotted to owners of 
lands in Allendale, and the West, Middle, and High Quarters of Hexham- 
shire.' The number of stints to which each estate is entitled, is set out in 
the schedule attached to the award, and the nature of a stint is defined, thus, 

' Bell Collection. 

■ An Act for dividing and enclosing certain parts of the commons, moor, or tracts of waste land, 
called Hexhamshirc and .Allendale common, etc. 32 Geo. III. c. 1 10. 

' NewaistU Chronicle, 3rd .\ugust, 21st September, 14th December, 1793. Newcastle papers, 
December, 1800. Bell Collection. 

' The stints being allotted to individual owners do not necessarily appertain to these Quarters. 


a two-year-old horned beast is one stint ; a two-year-old mare or gelding is 
two stints ; five one-year-old sheep are equal to one stint ; eight lambs, 
under one year, are equal to one stint ; one colt or filly, under one year 
old, is one stint ; a young beast, under two years' old, is half a stint. 

Provision was made for the appointment of a herd, and for the proper 
regulation of the stinted pastures. The pastures belonging to Hexhamshire 
are three in number, and though not contained within them are common to 
the West, the Middle, and the High Quarter. They are : 

The Eshells Moor, of 2,355 acres, watered by the Coalcoats burn, the 
WhapweazeP burn, the Lambsrigg Sike, the Sandy Sike, the Langrigg Sike, 
and the Shortridge Sike. 

The Lillswood Moor of 2,103 acres, with a general elevation of over 
1,250 feet, watered by the Embley Sike, the Linn burn, and the Black 
Sike ; its surface is broken by numerous fissures, such as the Knights cleugh, 
the Backstone cleugh, the Blaeberry cleugh, the Cross cleugh, and the 
Rowantree cleugh. 

The Heathery burn Moor of 450 acres, at the extreme south of the 
shire, with an elevation of 1,250 feet ; with the Green cleugh, the Heathery 
burn, and the Beldon burn, an affluent of the river Derwent. 

The total number of stints is 935. 

' In 1552, the Wepewassel-ford at the High-field -head was to be watched with two men nightly of the 
inhabitants, between the Chapel and the Peacock-house. Nicolson, Border Laws, p. 172. 

VOL. IV. 10' 



The parish of Allendale is, strictly speaking, a parochial chapelry of 
the ancient parish of Hexham, and is only divided from it by a series 
of artificial lines drawn through the old Hexham and Allendale common. 
It is bounded on the south by the counties of Durham and Cumberland, and 
on the west and north by the parish of Whitfield and the chapelry of 
Haydon Bridge. Its fells and moors, high, bleak, and bare, but rich in 
minerals, are broken by many water-worn hollows, the local cleughs, and by 
two great parallel valleys, through which flow the two rivers of East and 
West Allen. Both of these streams take their rise on the confines of 
Northumberland and Durham in the same watershed, whence the Wear and 
the South Tyne have their origin. In their course they form many ' beautiful 
bays and peninsulas, boundered by rocks and hanging woods, affording a 
multitude of little solemn and secluded retreats through which the waters 
murmur.' ^ After receiving numerous smaller streams, such as Acton burn, 
Crockton burn, Knockshield burn, Mohope burn, Oakey-dean burn. Steel 
burn, Sinderhope burn, Swinhope burn, and Whitewalls burn, thev unite 
below Hindly Wrae and form the Allen, which has cut its way through 
narrow and precipitous gorges near Staward, and enters the Tyne at Ridley- 
hall. From these two streams is derived the distinctive name of the district, 
the termination of the name being common to Tynedale, and many other 
parts of Northumberland. The population which, owing to the failure of 
the lead trade, has rapidly declined,^ has always been gathered together in 
the two valleys. It was so large in the sixteenth century that East Allendale 
alone sent to the muster of 1538 sixty-four men,^ of whom twenty-seven 
were ' able with horse and harness.' 

' Hutchinson, Northumberland, vol. i. p iii. 

■The Census Returns are: 1801, 3,519; 181 1, 3,884; 1821, 4,629; 1831, 5,540; 1841, 5,729; 185 1, 
6,383; 1861,6,401; 1871,5,397; 1881,4,030; 1891,3,009. 

" But the persons, all of East Allendale, appointed to go to Berwick in time of necessity in the time 
of Henry VIII. were 24 only. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. p. cviii. preface. 


Est Alwent Muster Roll, 1538.' 
Hew Schell, Thomas Bee, John Schell, Cutbert Schell, Renne Schell, Hewe Schell, Edwerd Schell, 
Anton Schell, Herre Schell, Willm Schell, Edwerd Schell, John Schell, Bertilmay Shell, Matho Schell, 
Willm Schell, Robert Schell, Lenard Schell, Herre Schell, Herre Schell, Herre Dawson, Mo. Richertson, 
Georg Awden, Thomas Burdus, Nicolles Westwod, John Armstrong, Willm Armstrong, Roland Dawson, 
able with hors and hames. John Proda, Phelop Dawson, Herre Phelopson, Nicoles Bee, Willm Bee, 
John Pateson, Mo. Davison, Bertillmou Pawton, Mo. Pateson, Thomas Bee, Christoser Awden, naitherhors 
nor harnes. Clemet Robson, John Robynson, Willm Ferals, Huchen Ferals, John West, Christofer 
Rodam, Robert Rodam, Cudbert Huchenson, Thomas Huchenson, John Robinson, Cutbert Robinson, 
Robert Ferrallen, naither hors nor harnes. John Stokyll, Thomas Armstrong, John Hayll, Willm Elwald, 
Thomas Pateson, John Armstrong, Robert Bitelstayn, Roland Smythe, John Knag, Ric. Hull, Ric, Hayll, 
Sande Jonson, Roburt Hurd, John Stuart, naither hors nor harnes. 

The remarks which have already been made on the status and number 
of the tenants in Whitley chapelry apply equally to those in the parish of 
Allendale, and the surveys of 1547 and 1608, printed in the preceding 
volume, disclose the nature and value of their holdings. 

At a muster of the Middle Marches, taken in 1580, forty men of the 
resalitv of Hexham and Hexhamshire' attended. The warden complained 
that six score copyholders, mostly in East and West Allendale, the queen s 
tenants, were unfurnished, though bound by their ' copies' to find horse and 
armour, and that they 'tavern there land and give it by will as though they 
were freeholders.'' The steward and officers not being able to remedy tl.e 
evil without a special connnission, the lord treasurer was prayed to issue the 
same.' Fifteen vears later, twenty-seven of the tenants of 'East Allendale 
and the Forest of Allendale ' appeared at the muster taken at Stagshaw bank, 
but their horses were disallowed, and twenty tenants were returned as 
absent.' The native population in the seventeenth century was increased 
bv an immigration of lead miners from Derbvshire. Under the date of 
7th February, 1664/5, the following entry occurs in the parish register: 
' Hercules Hill, a smelter, and Elizabeth Blande, ye daughter of Thomas 
Blande, who all of them came out of Darbyshire, was married.' The 
Bacons, who subsequently attained name and position in the county, also 
came from that part of England. 

' Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. iSg. 

' The district was constantly raided by the Scots. On the 17th February, 1596,7, the commissioners 
wrote to Burghley that the people under IJuccleuch's charge, EUotts, Armstrongs, Nicksons, etc., ^ have of 
late years murdered above fifty of the queen's good subjects, many in their own houses, or on their lawful 
business in daytime, as six honest .Allendale men going to Hexham market cut in pieces. For each of the 
last ten years they have spoiled the West and Middle Marches of / In short, they are mtolerable. 
Calendar of Border Papers, Bain, ii. p. 260. 

' Cf. vol. iii. p. 55. ' CalemUr of Border Papers, Bain, vol. i. p. 22. ^ Ibid. vol. ii. p. 73- 


At this time the parishioners of Allendale were seized with the witch 
panic, and in 1673 called in the professional services of Ann Armstrong, of 
Birch-nook, the notorious witch-finder.' A woman called Isabel Johnson 
was suspected and brought before her, ' and shee, breathing upon the said 
Anne, immediately the said Anne did fall downe in a "sound," and laid 
three quarters of an houre ; and after her recovery she said, if there were 
any witches in England, Isabel Johnson was one.' The result of the 
investigation does not appear. 

One of the most important duties of the commissioners appointed by the 
Act for the division of Hexham and Allendale commons was to define and 
set out the boundaries of the parishes of Hexham and Allendale, the result 
of which definition is that the latter parish contains 37,468 acres. Of this 
large area, over 18,000 acres, being unsuitable for cultivation, remain 
unenclosed, and are grazed as stinted pastures, common to the seven 
grieveships mentioned below, according to the number of stints awarded 
to each proprietor, the total number of stints being 2,500. The com- 
missioners awarded 1,094 acres, being one-sixteenth, to the lord of the 
manor for his consent to the scheme, and made 503 allotments to the 245 
proprietors of 306 estates. The parish being thus constituted of so many 
small holdings, it is obvious that the account of Allendale cannot be given 
in as much detail as has been done in some other parishes," nor does it seem 
necessary to do more than give a brief account of the grieveships, and to 
relate the history of one or two of the statesmen^ families as typical of the 

The grieveships, which are now seven in number, are in almost all 
respects similar to the townships of other parishes. They were originally 
four, viz.. East Allen, Catton, Keenley, and West Allen, but between 1547 
and 1608 'Allenton' or Allendale Town had been divided from East Allen, 
and before 1663 the Park and the Forest took the place of East Allen 
grieveship.'' These six divisions of Allendale Town, viz., the Park, the 

' York Castle Depositions, Raine, p. 197, Surt. Soc. Publ. 

' The leader who desires to work out the detailed history of any hamlet or homestead may obtain 
much information from the following records : The Survey of 1545 ; the Survey of 160S ; the Rate Book 
of 1663 (Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i.) ; the I'oll Books of 1722, 1734, 1748, 1774, and 1826 ; and 
the schedule appended to the award made in 1800 under the Act for the division of Hexham and Allendale 
commons. The latter, with plans, etc., is deposited at the manor office at Hexham ; a copy of the award 
and schedule is deposited with the clerk of the peace for Northumberland at the Moot hall, Newcastle. 

' The numerous small freehold and copyhold proprietors, such as are called in Cumberland, statesmen, 
had holdings which are still to be identified with the names of present estates. 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 310. 


Forest, Catton, Keenley, and West Allen, up to the year 171 1, were jointly 
rated for the poor rate, which was paid to three churchwardens, one 
warden collecting the cess from two grieveships. In that year the ' four- 
and-twenty,' or select vestry of the parish, obtained an order from the 
justices that thenceforth each grieveship should support its own poor. This 
pressed hardly upon the inhabitants of the Forest, who unsuccessfully 
appealed to Quarter Sessions to have the order quashed.^ The Commons 
Enclosure commissioners recognised seven grieveships. Broadside being 
divided from Catton ; the Ordnance survey has reunited the two, and divides 
the Forest into two parts, which it calls the High Forest and the Low 
Forest. The West Allen grieveship is divided in like manner, the two 
parts having the designations of West Allen High and West Allen Low. 


The church ot Allendale is beautifully situated on the top of the 
precipitous right bank of the East Allen river, and is placed on one side of 
the square around which the houses of Allendale Town are grouped. 

Though it is probable that a chapel was built at Allendale soon after 
the arrival of the Austin canons at Hexham, it is not definitely mentioned 
until 1 1 74, when, in the agreement made between the archbishop of York 
and the bishop of Durham, in regard to their respective rights in the regalitv, 
it was covenanted that the chapel and graveyard at Allendale should be 
vested in the prior of Hexham, and that the bishop might not prevent, nor 
the archbishop compel, burial to be made there. In 1294 Archbishop 
Romayne cited the prior and convent to show cause why vicars were not 
regularly instituted in their livings of Hexham and Allendale." From the 
survey of 1547 we learn that the chapel of Allendale, like the chapel at 
Bingfield and the church at Hexham, was dedicated to St. Mary. At the 
dissolution, the tithes of the chapel of Alwentdaill were set down at ;^1S- 
The prior had been used to pay ^4 a year to the curate, but this stipend was 
doubled by the reservation made in Queen Elizabeth's grant of the 
spiritualities of Hexham priory to Sir Christopher Hatton. At the time of 
the Oliverian survey, in 1650, this stipend of ;^8 was still the onlv endow- 
ment. In 1704, Ritschell writes : 

' \'ol. iii. p. II. ' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. io6. 



Allendale, a large and populous parish, containing ye south west part of this county, has two chappies 
called East and West Allen chappie, both in repair. The curate of .-Xllendale doth service there once a 
month ; he has a salary of £8 per annum, and reserved out of ye said fee farm rents, and some tyths, etc., 
the whole is now between ^20 and £2^ per annum, and the present curate is very poor. The Archbishop 
0/ York's Papers. 

The view of the old chapel of Allendale, here reproduced from a 
drawing^ fortunately preserved, shows almost all that is known of its archi- 
tectural features. Apparently a building of the fourteenth century, it may 
have been built after the visitation ordered by Archbishop Greenfield in 


1310,^ which directed that the chapels in the regality should be repaired. It 
comprised a chancel, which, from the number of burials recorded to have 
taken place within it, must have been a spacious one, a nave and south aisle 
of equal height, the former being lighted by three well-proportioned 
Decorated windows on its north side, and its roof covered with lead ; on the 

' The drawing, which is by T. H. Hair, has been obtained from Dr. Arnison, who says that the flat 
shown at the back of the old church has gradually slipped away, and the boundary wall has been brought 
further into the churchyard, leaving outside some old trees which properly belong to it. 

■Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 123 n. 


western gable was a double belfry, which contained two small bells. If the 
south aisle was added in 1670 after the influx of miners in the middle of the 
seventeenth century, it would explain an entry in the register under date 4th 
August, 1680, 'John Stephenson of Acton buried in the old church.' The 
nave was reached by a flight of six or eight steps, which descended from the 
graveyard, and it was separated from the aisle by arches and stone pillars.^ 
This chapel was taken down in 1807, to be replaced by a building for which, 
in 1873, the present church was substituted." In the vestry is preserved 
an old oil painting of the sacrifice of Isaac, which formerly hung at one side 
of the chancel. 

Two peculiar customs, apparentlv survivals of an earlier day in the 
ecclesiastical state of Allendale, may be mentioned. One related to the 
lay oflacers, and the other to the minister of the chapel. When the chapel 
was repaired in 1670, at a cost of £b lis. 2d., the assessment to raise that 
sum was ' made by four neighbours, viz., William Dawson, Thomas Burdas, 
W. Currey, and J. Bradwood, dwelling in the Forest, commonly called 
proctors, which hath usually been the custom, time out of mind, for the repair 
of the said chapel.' ' These proctors were doubtless the officers of the four 
original grieveships. The other use is still more interesting. At the Manor 
Court in 1662 the ' Allenton Park and Forest jury' were directed to 
enquire : 

Whether there hath not beene heretofore, and ought now to be, procters for collecting the reader's 
wages within the chappelrie of East Allendaile, and whether they should not see the chapell amended, it 
being now in great decay, at the costs and charges of the circuit of the chapell. 

The jury find : There should be four procters to gathering the reader's wages, and seeing the chapel 
in repair. 

Again, in 1664, the charge to the jury was : You are to enquire how the reader of East Allen chappell 
ought to be paid, and by whom, and at what time, and what duty the said reader doth owe to them yt 
pays him his chappell wages, and whether he ought not, as well as the reader at Wardaile [Weardale] 
chappell and other readers, to deliver his bookes, etc., to the proctors; and whether John Heatherington,' 
now supposed reader of ye said chappell, hath not denied parte of his [?duty] which he ought to have done, 
in denieing to teach any man's children ; and whether he be not very unfitt to teach the schollars by reason 
yt he is not a good scholar himselfe, and is supposed to be ver)' churlish. 

The jury say : We find by a former verdict that their ought to be chosen every- yeare for repairing the 
Easter [Allendale] chapell fouer prockters, and that the said prockters with the officer may distrain for 
the reader's waidges. 

^ Ex. inf. Dr. .Arnison, i8g6. C/. Dickinson, /l/toii/ij/t- iiHrf IV/iiT^tW, page 61. But the aisle may have 
been added at a later date, for Randal says, and Wallis repeats, 'the church is small, consisting of one aile.' 

■ The present church retains the tower erected in 1S07, and is dedicated to St. Cuthbert. 
' Randal, State of the Churches. 

* 1 2th .April, 1674. John Hedrington, ye reader at Easter-head chappell, was buried in ye church, 

A Uendale Register, 


By an order issued by Archbishop Parker in 1559, laymen were with the 
sanction of the bishop to be admitted in destitute churches to read prayers, 
the litany and a homily, but not to preach' or minister otherwise.^ These 
readers were also found on the other side of the Border, and there is a 
curious passage in Southev's Colloquies which says such cases survived in the 
northern counties 'till the middle of George II. 's reign, when the bishops 
came to a resolution that no one should officiate who was not in orders ; but 
as there would have been some injustice and some hardship in ejecting the 
existing incumbents, they were admitted to deacon's orders without under- 
going any examination. '^ 

Perpetual Curates of Allendale. 

1649. Abraham Dobson of Allendale, clerk, married at Hexham, 3rd July, 1649, Catherine Barker, 

1662. John Dickeson of Allenton, clerk, was sued by John Coatsforth of Rolling close, for detaineing 
one dictionarie to his damage of 21s. Non suit.^ 

1665. Henr>' Dacres,* married 25th May, 1665, Mary, daughter of Cuthbert Hawdon of Studdon.' 

1690. Thomas Wise.' * 

1701, R. Cogin, and 1702, James Macubine, who occur in the register, etc., may have been stipendiary 

1706. Robert Patten. He had previously been curate of Penrith. When the rebellion of 1715 broke 
out he set out from Allendale with a party of keelmen to join the insurgents. While crossing Rothbury 
common he fell in with a number of Scots on the same errand as himself. These he persuaded to 
accompany him. He came up with the rebel forces at Wooler, and was warmly welcomed by General 
Forster and Lord Derwentwater, the former appointing him his chaplain on the spot.' From Wooler the 
Jacobites proceeded to Kelso, where Patten preached, by order of Lord Kenmure, in the great church, from 
Deut. xxi. 1 7, ' the right of the firstborn is his.' On advancing to Penrith, Patten, owing to his knowledge 
of the district, was told off with a company of nuen to intercept the bishop of Carlisle returning to his seat 
at Rose castle. This order was subsequently countermanded by Forster, and Patten was sent to 
apprehend Johnson, collector of the salt tax, instead. In this he was unsuccessful, but he succeeded 
in capturing several men of the sheriff's po%ie comitaius. On the march from Penrith to Appleby Patten 
narrowly escaped apprehension by the sheriff of the county. During the march of the insurgents upon 

' In 1574 and 1578 there were readers of the parish of Stitchel, near Kelso. Hist. 0/ Berwickshire Nat. 
Club, vol. XV. p. 23. 

- This explanation of the institution found at Allendale has been pointed out by the Rev. R. W. Dixon, 
who examines the subject in his History of the Church 0/ England, vol. v. cap. xxxii. 

' Southey, Colloquies on the Progress and Prospects of Society, ii. p. 66. The Oliverian survey mentions 
reading ministers at Beltingham chapel and at Lambley, but this may mean no more than a lack of 
licences to preach. Arch. Ael. 4to series, iii. pp. 6, 7. * Hexham Register. 

' Hexham Manor Rolls, 1662. " Randal, State of the Churches. ' Allendale Register. 

" His will dated 2nd December, 1700, is at York : ' My body to be buried in the parish church of Allen- 
dale ; to the poor of the grieveships of Allendale Town and Catton, ;{;io; the interest whereof to be 
distributed yearly to five poor widows of Catton and five poor widows of Allendale Town ; my sons, 
George and Thomas ; to my niece, Jane, wife of Richard Lambert of Catton Lee, my black mare ; to my 
godson, Matthew Ridley, son of George Ridley of Beltingham, my bible and book of ' homileyes ' ; to my 
clerk, William Hewitson, los. ; residue to my wife, Ann Wise, she executor ; my friend, John Robson of 
Nine' Banks, supervisor. If the projected school be set up in Allendale within three years it shall have the 
^10 devised' to the poor. Raine, Test. Ebor. Wise was born at Thornhill in Yorkshire. Mackenzie, 
Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 303. 


Preston, Patten read prayers to the Protestant members of the army at the various halting places, the 
resident clergy being unwilling to commit themselves. At the siege of Preston, Patten was employed by 
Lord Derwentwater to bring him information of the progress of the attack, which he did until his horse 
was shot under him. .'\fter the surrender, he saved Forster's life by striking up a pistol which Murray 
(one of the Jacobites who protested against the surrender) levelled at him. Patten was among the prisoners, 
but, in his own words, 'he saved his life by being an evidence for the king.' Shortly afterwards he 
published The History of the late Rebellion, with Original Papers and the Characters of the Principal 
Noblemen and Gentlemen Concern'd in it, by the Reverend Mr. Robert Patten, formerly Chaplain to Mr. Forster. 
The first two editions were published in 1717, and two more editions were issued in 1745. Patten 
figures as ' Creeping Bob ' in Besant's novel of Dorothy Forster. 

1720. Nicholas Lowes' voted in 1722 for lands in Allendale.- 

1725. James Laing. 

1734. John Toppin, ordered priest at Durham castle by William, bishop of Durham, 27th September, 
1727 ; vicar of .•\lston, 14th Februar)', 1728.' Licensed by archbishop of York, and admitted to be curate 
of .Allendale on 4th February, 1734.' Voted for lands in Allendale in 1748.^ Married at Whitfield, 20th 
April, 1749, Mrs. Eleanor Lowthian of that parish ; buried in churchyard at east end of church 21st 
March, 1756.' There is in the church a monument (one of Lough's earlier eflforts) to the memor>' of his 
daughter, Ann, wife of Peter Stephenson of He.\ham, surgeon.' 

1757. Thomas Coulthard appeared at the visitation, but had no licence.' He voted in 1774 for the 
perpetual curacy df Allendale.' Buried 17th September, 1779.'" 

1780. Hugh Stokoe previously curate of Allenheads presented on the death of Coulthard." Was 
buried 6th June, 1783.'" 

1783. Joseph Carr, B.D., preferred to the livings of Allendale Town and Allenheads." In 1773 he 
published a translation of the Dialogues of Lucian." 

1806. Christopher Bird, B.A., matriculated at St. Alban's hall, Oxon., 9th June, 1803, aged 24, after- 
wards vicar of Chollerton. 

1822. Thomas Scurr ; in 1826 as of Broadwood-hall, voted for lands in Allendale.'^ Sometime 
curate of Thockrington and master of Hexham school, died 26th January, 1836.'" Owned and taught a 
boarding school for boys at Broadwood-hall. 

1836. Joseph Jacques, M..\. ; in 1843 preferred to be vicar of Bywell St. .■\ndrew. 

1844. John Rawes. 

1853. Titus Emerson, licentiate in theology of Durham university, ordered deacon 1851, sometime 
curate of Shildon, was incumbent for twenty )-ears, and died at Hertford, 17th January, 1873." 

1873. Richard Evans Mason of Trinity college, Dublin, B.A. 1852, M.A. 1S59, LL.D. 1869. Pre- 
viously perpetual curate of Earsdon. The present incumbent. 

' Randal, State of the Churches. ■ Poll Book. ^ Hodgson, Northttmbcrhind, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 38. 

' Canon Raine, Notes from York Faculty Books, etc. '' Poll Book. ' Allendale Register. 

' Mackenzie, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 304. ' Canon Raine, Notes from York Faculty Books, etc. 

' Poll Book. " Allendale Register. "Newcastle Courant, 12th February, 1780. 

"Allendale Register. " Gentleman's Magazine, September, 17S3. 

" .■At Allenheads, county of Northumberland, in his 60th year, the Rev. Joseph Carr, B.D., a clergyman 
whose unwearied application to his studies was never suffered to interfere with the duties of his profession. 
Obscure in his situation in the church, his conduct was uniformly through life unassuming and unambi- 
tious. Of his various learning, that which chiefly distinguished him was to be derived from the Old and 
New Testament. To understand these books in their original language he had long and diligently 
laboured, and not w ithout success, having left in the possession of his widow a work (nearly finished) on 
sacred geography ; which the writer of this article would willingly undertake to revise and publish, if he 
could presume to believe himself competent to the task. Gentleman's Magazine, 1806. 

"Poll Book. '« M.L Allendale. "Ibid. 

Vol. IV. 11 


Visitations, etc. 
There remains at York the record of a curious marriage suit, William Wilkinson v. Jcnet Hutchinson 
alias JY-arson, which was heard before the Ecclesiastical Court in 1563. 

1563, April 23rd. John Wylsonnc, parish Allendale, husbandeman, says that he was presente with the 
partyes articulate in a fclde of Cuthbert Heslop of the Froste hall, within the parishe of Allendale, which 
feilde is distant frome the sayd Frostes hall where the sayd Janet dwelte abowt iiij hundreth fete upon 
Sancte Bartholomew day in harvest last paste abowt viij of the clock before none, when the sayd William 
Wilkinson desyred Mathew Whytfelde to handefest theme together. He sayd that he w-olde yf they were 
boyth contente; and they boyth awnswering sayd, willingly they were contcnte, and then he willed theme 
to joyne their handes together, and so they dyd; and then the sayd William at the recitation of the sayd 
Mathew did say, 'I William taykes the Janet to my wedded wyf frome this day forwarde for better for 
worse, for richer for porer untiil death us two departe, and forsaking all other, tayking me onely unto 
the so long as we boyth shall lyve, and thereto I plight the my trouthe,' and then drue handes and lyved 
together. [Matthew Whytfeld of ."Mlendalc, husbandman, at. 66, confirms this.] 

John Stott of .-Mlondale, husbandman, says that he was present with Thomas Pereson and Janet 
Hutchenson upon a Sonday abowt a fourtnight affore Sancte James day laste paste in Allenton towne at 
the easte ende of Hughe Rewles house abowt xj or xij of the clocke, where he did here the sayd Thomas 
say ' Janye, how sayest thow, hayst thou mayd any promes or covenaunt of matrimony to any other man.' 
And she awnswering sayd ' Nay ' : and then he further did aske hir yf she coulde be content to love hime 
better then any other man, and to forsake all other men for hime and lede hir lyef with hime: and she 
awnswering sayd 'Yea by my trouthe I canne fynde in my harte to love you better then any other man and 
to forsake al men for you,' and therupon she gave the sayd Thomas hir hande and sayd 'Here I give you 
my hande and my fayth and trouthe that I will mary you to be my husbande and will never mary other 
man to my husbande while we two live onles yt belong of you and not of me.' And he having hir by the 
hande sayd 'And here I give yo my hande, my fayth and trouth that I will mary you to my wyf and 1 will 
never mary other woman but you whyle you ar lyvinge'; and then drue handes ; and the sayd Thomas gave 
to the sayd Janet a ring and a silke lace which she tooke thankefully. He was presente in the churche 
of Byrteley upon Satterday next after the latter Ladye day in harveste laste paste abowt x or xj of the 
clock before none, where and when he dyd here and se the sayd William and Janett solemnyse matrimony 
and did here and se Sir John Dickson, curate of Byrteley, marye them, etc., and dyd here and se the 
communyon or commemoracion and all other service accustomed to be done and sayd at solemnizacions 
of mariages then and ther done and sayd. [Confirmed by others.] 
This letter is appended. 

Pleas yt yowr worshupe to be advertysede that Janet Hocheson, now wyf to Thomas Person, hathe 
comede to me in wepynge maner, and by hir wordes and sorofuU contynaunce much lamentynge hir owen 
doyenges for that she had be for yowr worshupe falsly sworne and said yt muche groged hir consyens ; 
and be sowght me for Codes love for my counsell ; and sundry tymes to me said that hir niysbehavor was 
so great that she dowtyed the marcye of God. And so fyndyng hir so w-oue of speret I dyd gyve hir my 
counsell in as godly and gentyll exortacion as God gyve me grace so to do at that tyme. And after my 
counsell so geven I dyd examyne hir the cause whyc she so ungodly dyd, and she answered me and said 
she knew not what an othe was and was tysed by Jhon Stout, who promysed hir a par of sieves of red 
sylke; and Georg Persone promyse hir a band of lynte; and William Person dyd promyse hir a brod red 
kyrtell of the best sorte at the end of Hew Roules house at Allenton to swer that thar was a contract 
mayd be twyxe Thomas Person and the said Janett and thus dyd she consent to. On the Thursday after 
she was sytyd to the chapiter to Hexam at the sutc of William Wylkynson, and upon the heryng of the 
matter I remytted yt over to yowr worshupe for that the matter his be for yow dependynge. I thowght I 
could no lese do bod to certefye the holl truthe under the seale of the office. From Hexam the last of 
Septembre, 1563. Yowr worshupes to command, 

Nycolles Hyrst, dark. 
To his right worshupfuU master doctor Rouhbye, doctor of the lawe, chanceler to the most reverende 
father in God Thomas archebysshope of Yorke, and one of the quen's ma'"' counsell establyshed in the 
North parties gyve this. [Seal defaced and broken.] 1563, February 26th. Suit in favour of Wilkinson 
and Hutchinson. 


1579, nth April. Grant from the Crown to Sir Christopher Hatton and others of the tithes of 
Alwindale alias Allendale. 

Allendale chantry lands appear in the enumeration of Sir John Forster's possessions in the iiiq. post 
mori. January, 1602,' and in the survey of 1608, the chantr)' lands were held by copy of Court Roll 
by Anthony Shield and Margaret Pattison.'' 

Mary, daughter and coheiress of Sir John Forster of Adderston, married Henry Stapleton and had 
from her father the rectory {i.e., the great tithes) of East and West Allen, which they sold to Sir John 
Fenwick, ist April, 1616.^ 

162 1. Whereas we find divers imperfection and drifting delayes have bene maid by some collectors 
that have gathered up the countries mony, and delayeth the pament of the same ; we therefor lay, on paine, 
that Cuthbert Rowell, one of the collectors for the fortnyth fair shal pay in the said forthnicht fair mony 
upon the tabell in Allenton church upon the Sunday next after publication of this verdict unto the hands 
of the xxiiij, or to whome they shall appoynte, upon paine of xxs for everie xx dayes.' 

1639. The chapel house in East Allendale ; Thomas Wilson and three others, the vicars, church- 
wardens of Allen mentioned.' 

1670. A note of charges for the repairs of the chapel of East Allendale. John Brooks, for slating, 
£2 ; John Mowbere, for timber, £2 los. ; Thomas Green, for caridg, 6s. ; for nales and lat-prods, gs. 6id. ; 
for slat pins, is. gd. ; for lats and caridg, 7s. 8d. ; and the carpenter's wadge, 7s. ; more for caridg of slats, 
one hors, 5s. gd. ; for two bowls of lime, 2s. ; more for getting of foog, is. 6d. Some £6 lis. 2^.' 

1689, 28th September. Sir John Fenwick of Wallington conveyed to Sir Wm. Blackett of Newcastle 
intey alia the rectory of East Allendale and West Allendale.' 

In 171 1 no fewer than twenty-one Quakers of Allendale were convicted for non-payment of tythes, 
amounting in all to /12 os. gd., and had to pay for costs £2 2s. 6d. more. Amongst the persons so con- 
victed were Joseph Watson, Joshua Watson, and Hugh Watson." 

1723. Office against Jane Shield for offering violence in the church, and thereby disturbing the con- 

1725. Office against James Laing alias Lang, clerk, curate of Allendale, for officiating without a 
licence, and for his contempt on refusing to exhibit his orders, and likewise for clandestine marrying of 
Robert Trueman and Margaret Oliver. (He does not appear.'") 

1739. Office against Alice Featherstone of the parish of Allendale and Mar)' Dickenson, for making 
a disturbance in the church in the time of divine service. (Quakers.) Featherstone pleaded she did not 
speak till J. Toppin had done. But it being sacrament day he could not for her speaking proceed to that 
office. (The admonitions given were little regarded.") 

1748. A true terrier and account of all ye glebe lands, houses, edifices, orchards, gardens, tythes, 
pensions, salaries, stipendiary payments, offijrings, oblations, and all other ecclesiastical dues belonging to 
the church of Allendale, within the peculiar jurisdiction of Hexham and Hcxhamshire and diocese of York, 
made by the minister, churchwardens, and other principal inhabitants of the parish of Allendale as 
followeth : 

A parsonage dwelling house, with a stable and barn ; also a dwelling house, or room above stairs, wnth 
a cow house under ye same, given by William Bacon, esq., to the church of .Allendale for ever ; a garden 
with a little field called parsonage croft adjoining to ye same glebe. Tyth of blade, stalk, seeds, and corn, 
yearly growing within the division or constabulary of Allendale Town ; ye tythe hay, of ye Low Mill 
tenement ; of the far and near Hope tenement ; of Mr. Joseph Newton's tenement ; of Mr. Ralph 
Soulsby's tenement, consisting of several fields, viz., ye town-field, ye croft, ye field adjoining to ye town- 
field, ye Knotts and ye pasture ; also ye tythe hay of a field called ye Modes Dargue ; of a field called 
Score-bank field ; ye tythe hay of .Mr. Joseph .^damson's croft ; also the tythe of stalk, blade, seeds, and 
corn of Catton division or constabulary within yc said parish of Allendale. ^3 6s. 8d. payable in two half- 
yearly paiments, viz., at Michaelmas and Easter in every year, by ye lay rector, Walter Blackett, esq., or 

' Cf. vol. iii. p. 57. -■ Ibid. 88. ' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 256. 

' Hexham Manor Rolls. ' Ibid. ' Hunter MSS. Durham Cathedral Library. 

' Document with Mr. L. C. Lockhart. ' Sessions Records. 

» Canon Raine, Extracts from Faculty Books, etc., at York. '° Ibid. " Ibid. 


his worship's lessees ; one pound of lawful money of Great Britain, payable yearly by ye warden of ye 
Cooks' company of London ; ye accustomed fee of a marriage, solemnized by virtue of a licence, us. ; by 
publication (if one of the parties live in a different parish), 4s. ; by publication (if both parties live in ye 
parish), 2s. If a marriage be solemnized at East Allen chapel [illegible] clandestinly, lis.; ye accustomed 
fee at ye churching of a woman and registering a baptised child, when ye churching office is performed at 
ye church, is. ; when at East or West Allen chapels, 2s. ; and 6d. higher up ye dale ; the burial fee when 
ye grave is in the churchyard, 6d. ; when in ye church, 2s. 2d. ; when at East Allen chapel, is. 6d. The 
fixing a tombstone in ye graveyard, los. ; examining ye register and giving a copy thereof, 6d. 

N.B. — 'Tis alleged and believed yt 40s. or thereabouts was payd yearly sometime ago out of lands in 
ye Forest division or Quarter to ye minister of Allendale, as an endowment belonging to East Allen chapel, 
and also 40s. or thereabouts was payd yearly out of lands in West Allen division to the minister of Allen- 
dale, as an endowment belonging to West ."Mien chapel ; there being two chapels of ease, and having 
yearly ye sacrament of ye Lord's Supper immemorially administered in 'em in passion week by ye minister 
of Allendale. John Toppin, minister; Mathew Renwick, Francis Shiele, Thomas Fairless, George Green, 

1754, 4th March. Will of John Toppin of Allendale Town, clerk : My lands in Allendale Town will go 
to my heir-at-law; my copyhold lands at Easter and Wester Garrets and Ousley, Easter Stone-house, and 
my close in parish of Ainstablc in Cumberland, to my daughter .-Xnn Toppin ; my brother Joseph Toppin 
of London, ./^loo; my brother Jonathan Toppin of Rossgill, ;f 100: my sister Ann Toppin of Cliburn, ^50; 
my nephew Joseph Toppin of Allendale Town, ^100; to Mr. Thomas Lancaster my black gown and 
cassock, if he's my curate at my death ; to the ministers of Allendale and Alston, each ^20, to buy books 
of practical and useful! divinity for the use and instruction of the people of each parish, in their Christian 
duties ; and my humble request is, to the reverend and good Archdeacon Sharp,- that he will direct the 
said ministers in the purchasing; hoping that each parish will provide a vestry, proper chest or con- 
venience for the preservation of the said books, to be lent out and taken in again by the ministers, among 
such of the people of each parish as are poor, and such as are most remiss and negligent in performing 
their bounden dutys to their great God, whom too often to the great sorrow of my heart they have forgot 
days out of number. To the trustees of .'Mlendale free school, ^20 ; the yearly interest to be applied 
for the augmentation of the English master. Also ;{!20 to the minister of Allendale, the heir of Ninebanks 
and the churchwardens of West Allen, the interest to the minister of Ninebanks chapel to teach a school 
at the said chapel, hoping some charitable and more able persons will add to this first benefaction. To 
my parish clerk Jacob Robinson, a guinea and one hood cap. Residue to my wife Eleanor Toppin, she 
executrix. Proved at York i8th August, 1756.' 

1762. Office against Jacob Robison the elder, the parish clerk of Allendale, for presuming to perform 
the funeral office over the corps of Jane Emmerson, otherwise Brown, on the 7th December, 1760. (He is 

1762. Office against Jacob Robison the younger, of Allendale Town, carpenter, for following his trade 
occupation as a carpenter, in the parish church of Allendale, for some days after being discharged by the 
minister and churchwardens. (He submits and is dismissed.') 

1763. Office against John Newton of Allendale Town, for cutting down a tree in the churchyard." 

1764. Sir Walter Rlackett, bart., now owner of the rest of the tithes within the parish of Allendale 
pays the curate the sum of £'i 6s. 8d. only, because it is said there was an agreement made between some 
former owner of these tithes and the then curate that the curate should have the tithes of some part of the 
parish of Allendale in lieu of the remaining part of the sum of eight pounds a year, which was received 
by indenture made the 12th day of April, in the 21st year of the reign of the late Queen Elizabeth [1579], 
purporting a grant of these tithes, among others, to Sir Christopher Hatton, kt., but how or when the 
above-mentioned agreement was made with the curate does not appear.' 

' Allendale Register. ' Cf. vol. i. p. 70. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 

* Canon Raine, Notes from Faculty Books, etc., at York. ^ Ibid. ' Ibid. 

'Report of the commission of the archbishop of York, dated 20th November, 1764. Archbishop of 
York's Papers. 



1777- Office against John Robinson of Oustley, and William Robinson of Allendale, miner, for setting 
up a tombstone in the churchyard of Allendale for their father, and refusing to pay the fee of ten shillings 
for it, as specified in the terrier. Others of the same place presented for neglecting to pay their christening 
and churching fees.' 

1778. The Rev. Thomas Coulthard was presented for pulling down part of the vicarage house and 
not rebuilding it. (The presentment, a malicious one, dismissed.") 

'779, 29th iMarch. Petition from Jeremiah Green, William Green, Jacob Robinson, John, Margery, 
and Elizabeth Wigham, for a house newly built in .\llendale to be set apart for Protestant dissenters.' 

1 793. Office against John Lattimer of Walk mill, parish of Allendale, dyer, for getting drunk, fighting, 
and playing at football at different times in and about the market place in Allendale Town upon Sundays.' 

1841. It was resolved to pull down the old parsonage house and to throw its site into the graveyard.' 

1842. The benefice of Allendale was included in the rural deanery of Hexham. 
1866. The perpetual curacy of Allendale was declared to be a rectory." 

In a terrier taken in 1891, the property of the curacy is stated as follows : 

The rectory house. /- s j 

One field containing i|^ acres, rented at 4 10 o 

Two fields containing 6'205 acres „ ... ... ... ... 22 o o 

" „ 4'937 ,) „ 10 o o 

'J 1, 4 404 )) )j ■■. ." ... ... 5 

Land at Acomb, about 13 ,, „ ... ... ... ... 23 jo 

House and garden at Acomb , 3 o 

Stints on Allendale common, 31 „ i i 

Payments by the Ecclesiastical commissioners 117 o o 

Queen Anne's bounty 6 11 6 

Tithe rent charge net, Allendale 43 

J) „ Hexham ... ... ... ... ... 26 

10 o 

ig II 

From the register, which begins in 1662, the following entries are taken : 

1662, November 13th. Thomas Bee of Taylorburne, buried. 

1664, August 9th. Thomas Bee, son of Matthew Bee of Taylorburne, buried. 

1665, May 25th. Henry Dacres, curate of Allendale, and Mary, daughter of Cuthbert Hawdon of 
Studdon, married. 

1665, September 24th. Robert Pearson, son of Robert Pearson of Bishopsfield, baptised. 
1665/6, March 15th. William Dacres, son of Henry Dacres, minister of Allendale, baptised. 

1669, August 26th. John Hawdon of Allendale Town, and Barbary, daughter of Thomas Bee of 
Wager-house, married. 

1670, March 29th. Christopher Pearson, son of Robert Pearson of Bishopfield, baptised. 

1670, .A.pril nth. John Hodgson, son of John Hodgson, schoolmaster of Burntongues, baptised. 

1670, September 23rd. George Bacon of Broadwood-ha!l, buried in the quire. 

1672, November 23rd. William .Mills' son, who was killed ' in ye Heads groves,' buried. 

1672, February 23rd. Henry Bland of Newcastle, merchant, and Johanna, daughter of Joseph Bacon 
of Broadwood-hall, married. 

1672/3, January 15th. Thomas Bee of Broadwood-hall, died at Woey-hall, buried in the quire. 

1673, May 26th. Margery, wife of William Swinburn of the Poddy-bank, buried in the church. 

1673, July i6th. William Swinburn of Pods-bank, buried in the church. 

1674, October 15th. Joseph Bacon of Broadwood-hall, buried in the quire. 

1675, March loth. George Pearson, son of William Pearson of the Spital, died at Coldcotes, and was 
buried in the quire. 

' Ca.non Kame, Notes from Faculty Books, elc, at York. -Ibid. 'Ibid. * Ibid. 

' Churchwardens' Books. « Londnn Gazette, 27th Nov., 1866. C/. p. 129 n. 


1675/6, March 23rd. Mary, wife of Mr. Henry IXicres, ciir.ite of /Mlcndale, buried in the church. 

1677, January 6th. Jane Pearson, wife of William Pearson of the Spital, near He.\ham, buried in the 

1677, March 24th. Mary Pearson, daughter of Robert Pearson of Bishopsfield, baptised. 

1677, June iith. Edward Stout, a jjrover in Easterheads, who was killed in a grove, buried in the 

1677, June nth. Margery, daughter of John Swinburn of the Pod-bankc. baptised. 

1677, July r3th. William Pearson of Caldcotes, and Ann Maugham, married. 

1678, November 7th. Robert Swinburn of the Pods-bank, and Grace Younger married. 
1679/80, January. Elizabeth, daughter of John Bacon of New Staward, baptised. 

1680, January 2nd. Henry Dacres, curate, and Mrs. Ann (?) Bee of Broadwoodhall, married. 

1681, June 24th. William Pearson, who died at the Spital, Hexham, was brought, and buried in quire. 
1681, October 14th. Francis Bee of Broadwood-hall, and Margaret Whitfield of Kingswood, married. 
1681, November ist. Francis Bee of Broadwood-hall, buried in the quire. 

1692, April 1st. Mrs. Ann Dacres of the Broadwood-hall, buried in the chancel. 

1693, September 2nd.. Mr, Richard Mowbray, steward to Sir William Blackett in East Allendale, 
buried in the church. 

1694, December 28th. (ieorge Lowes, parish of Haltwhistle, and .-^nn Hawdon of Broadwood-hall, 

1696, September 7th. John Roddam and Barljara Shield, l)olh of Swinup, married. 
1696, November 23rd. William Pearson of the Bishopfield, buried in the church.' 
1696, July loth. Matthew Bee, a poor man in West Allen, was buried in the chancel. 
1696/7, February 19th. Francis, son of Mr. John Bacon of Staward, buried in the chancel. 
1698/9, January 6th. Naomi, daughter of Alexander Williamson of ]Iayrake, was buried in the 
Quaker burial place. 

1702, May 26th. Mr. Christopher Richmond of Hindly Wrae, gent., buried in the chancel. 
1705, January 7th. Tailor Thirkeld, son of Tailor Thirkeld of Wooly Burn-foot, baptised. 
1708, November 24th. Thomas Muncaster and Mary Robson, married. 

1710, May 4th. George Fcw'Ster of Bywell St. Peter, and Mary Wilson of Chapcl-house, married. 

171 1, August i6th. William Whitfield of Allendale Town, buried in tlie church. 

171 1/2, February 22nd. Mr. (ieo. Ornsby, curate to the miners at AUcnheads, M.A. St. Mary 
Magdalen college, Cambridge, buried in the quire. 

1712, May 13th. Mr. Arthur Head, schoolmaster of the Head free school, buried in the quire. 

1724, November 23rd. Jane, daughter of Mr. Edmund Baxter of Colcclcugh, buried in the Low- 
chapel yard. 

1724/5, January 17th. Mr. John .Armstrong of Ninebanks, buried in Allendale churchyard. 

There is a silver comnnmion cup made in 1738 bv Isaac Cookson of 

Newcastle, silversinitli. 

Monumental Inscriptions. 

Erected by their children, in memory of William Campbell Arnison, who was upwards of 50 years 
surgeon in this and the adjoining parishes. Born July nth, 1797 ; died May lolh, 1883. And of J.ane 
Arnison, 52 years his wife, born ^L^y 24th, 1793 ; died April 20th, 1878. Also of Christopher Arnison, 
their first born son, born July loth, 1828 ; died January 30th, 1835. 

Near the communion table, before the church was rebuilt in 1807, was a flat sepulchral stone 
inscribed : Here lyeth interred the body of George Bacon of Broadwood-hall, who was born at Clay 
Lorine, in Derbyshire: husband of Cessilly Bacon. He departed this life at Grasse Grooves, the 21st 
Septeinber, and was buried here the 23rd of the said September, anno domini, 1670." 

' The Pearson entries prove and elucidate the pedigree of Pearson of Spital. Vol. iii. p. 313. 
- Hodgson, Northuinherland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 374. 


To the memory of the Rev. Joseph Carr, B.D., who was upwards of 20 years minister of this parish. 
During that period he discharged the duties of his profession with such propriety, and apphed himself to 
clerical studies, especially to that of the Hebrew language, with such assiduity and success, that as a 
respectable scholar and as an useful parish minister, few, perhaps none, left an example more worthy of 
imitation. He died April 20th, 1806. 

In memory of Margaret Dawson, late the wife of Jacob Dawson of Allenheads, who died the nth 
April, 1821, aged 62 years. The above named Jacob Dawson died 24th July, 1827, aged 69 years. This 
monument was erected by Abraham Dawson of Newcastle, solicitor, as a token of regard for his parents. 

Erected to the memory of the beloved children of Abraham and Lilley (sic) Dawson of New'castle- 
upon-Tyne, Marcus Thompson, Margaret Lilley, Jane Ann, Elizabeth Isabella, and the last sui-viving 
daughter, Mary Maria Dawson, who died on the 26th of March, 1845, aged 19 years 11 months and 23 

In memory of the Rev. Titus Emerson, for 20 years incumbent of this parish, who died January 17th, 


Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Thomas Scurr, who died January 26th, 1836, aged 68 years. 

John Shield of London, citizen and cook, by indenture, dated 5th June, 1617, for ^^500 purchased 
an annuity of ^'28 from the Clothworkers' company of London. This he made over in trust to the 
Cooks' company, on condition that they should pay or cause to be paid: 

(1) 20 shillings to such parson as shall be appointed usual reader in the parish church of East 
Allendale (where John Shield was born) and his successors, for two sermons yearly, that is, every half 
year, to be made in the parish church of East Allendale for ever. 

(2) 10 pounds to the churchwardens and six of the principal inhabitants of the parish of Allendale to 
be yearly chosen, to distribute the said 10 pounds among the poor of the parish. 

20 shillings to be equally divided among the churchwardens and six principal inhabitants for their 
care and pains therein. 

If the churchwardens and principal inhabitants do not distribute the said ten pounds within convenient 
time after they have received it, the money shall cease to be paid them, and the masters and governors of 
the Cooks' company, London, shall pay the said ten pounds yearly to the churchwardens and six 
principal inhabitants of ."Vlston Moor, to be distributed by them to the poor of the parish of Alston Moor. 

In 1720, Ann Wilson left los. a year out of the Burntongues to the poor of Keenley grieveship.' 

The sum of /112 los. being the aggregate of many smaller sums was, in 1887, paid over by the 
churchwardens to the ' Official Trustees of Charitable Trusts,' and produces ^3 os. 4d. per year." 

The sum of /200 left by the will of Miss Jane Blackett, dated 18th June, 1831, to the poor of Allendale 
Town and Park grieveships. This sum, with ^120 accumulated arrears of interest was, in 1887, paid over 
by the churchwardens to the ' Official Trustees of Charitable Trusts,' and now produces .£8 12s. 4d. a 

' Royal Commission on Charities, 1830. 

'This sum is all that remains of the following nuinerous charities recorded by Ritschell, Tynedak 
Charities : ^20 left by Leonard Shield of Bridge Eale, the yearly use thereof to the poor of .A.Ilenton and 
Catton grieveships. /20 left by Nicholas Shield of the Pyatroone, the yearly use thereof to the poor 
of Allenton and Catton grieveships. ^20 left by Cuthbert .Stout of the Old Town, the yearly use thereof 
to the poor of Allenton and Catton grieveships. ^20 left by Nicholas Wilkinson of the W'est side, the 
yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. j^20 left by William Currcy of Ellcrsoppe, the yearly 
use thereof to the poor of the Park and P'orest grieveships. 20 marks left by John Ridlev of Hollin green 
the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. 20 marks left by Hugh Hutchinson of Durham, 
the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. ^10 left by James Hroadwood of Hindley hill, the 
yearly use thereof to the poor of Keenley grieveship. ^10 left by Leonard Wilson of the Oakepool, 
the yearly use thereof to the poor of Keenley grieveship. ;/^io left time out of mind, the yearly use 
thereof to the poor of the whole parish. ^10 left time out of mind, the yearly use thereof to the poor of 
the whole parish. £.J left time out of mind, the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. /3 
left time out of mind, the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. _^20 left bv Henry 
Stephenson of the Hagg, the yearly use thereof to the poor of the Park and Forest grieveships. \^lo left 



'The capital town of Allendale, called Allendale Town, is sitnated on 
the banks of East allien on an eminence and overlooked bv others on 
both sides of that rapid'' stream. That it was occupied bv man in early pre- 
historic times is shown bv the various flint and other stone implements and 
weapons found on the fell which rises above the town. Amongst them are 
an axe of fine-grained stone, polished and ground to a sharp edge, some 
barbed and triangular flint arrow points, scrapers and other flint tools.° At 
the end of last century it was described as ' a neat little town, almost every 
other building of which is a public house for the miners,'^ at which period 
the Friday's market was so frequented ' for the supply of the mining district 
to the west-ward,' that ' corn, butchers' meat, and considerable quantities of 
potatoes and garden stuff '^ were taken there from Hexham. 

The closing of the lead mines has had an adverse effect on the prosperity 
of the town, though the two half-yearly fairs are still held, the one on the 
Friday before May 13th, and the other on the Friday after the 29th October. 

Allendale Town is, however, rising in favour as a summer resort,'' and 
is much appreciated for its pure moorland air. Besides the parish church, 
the town has two chapels belonging to the Methodist societies. It was 
visited more than once by John Wesley, who, on the 29th August, 1748, 
wrote in \\\?, y^ournal : 

At noon I went to the cross in .Mlandale Town, where Mr. Topping, with a company of the better 
sort, waited for us. 1 soon found it was but a vain attempt to dispute or reason with him. He skipped 
so from one point to another that it was not possible to keep up with him. So, after a few minutes, I 
removed about an hundred yards and preached in peace to a very large congregation, it being the general 
pay day, which is but once in six months. 

And again on the 26th May, 1752, he wrote : 

In the evening we came to Allendale and found the poor society well nigh shattered to pieces. Slack- 
ness and offence had eaten them up. 

by William Hutchinson of the Greendike, the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. /lo 
left by John Nevin of Sipton-sheele, the yearly use thereof to the poor of the Park and Forest 
grieveships. ^28 more left and likely to be lost. £20 left by John Richardson of the Parkside, 
the yearly use thereof to the poor of the whole parish. ^5 left by Hugh Wilson of the i}urntongues, 
for the use of Keenley. Margaret Fairless, ^10 ; Hugh Roddam, /20 ; Edward Robson, /lo ; William 
Fairless, /lo; William Chester, j^io; Jane Robson, ;{,'20; Elizabeth Roddam, /;io; William Hutchinson, 
^20; Robert Armstrong, ^10. Ritschell, Tyiuduk Charities. Cf. Dickinson, A llcndalc ami Whitfield, pp. 7, 8. 

' Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 35. " Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newc. v. p. 22S. 

» Swinburne, Courts of Europe, vol. ii. p. 105. 

' Bailey and Culley, Agricultural Survey of Northumberland, p. i 54. 

' Wallis, writing in 1769, says, that 'on the brow of the hill at Allendale Town is a chalybeate spring; 
the terra martialii or ochreous residuum copious upon the herbage by it.' Northumberland, vol. i. p. 16. 


The influence of the revival which followed lasted until after Wesley's 
third and final visit in June, 1761. A chapel was built by the society and 
registered in 1775,' and there were in 1884, in the Allendale circuit, eleven 
chapels of the Wesleyan Methodist Society, and also eleven chapels belonging 
to the Primitive Methodists.' 

The single-arch stone bridge which spans the river between the foot of 
the Peth and the hamlet of Bridge-end, was built at the expense of the 
county in 1825,^ on the site of an old bridge known as the Bow-bridge. 

At Wooley burn foot, on the opposite side of the river, is the meeting 
house of the Society of Friends, erected in 1868. It replaces an earlier 
structure built on a plot of ground * surrendered for that purpose by Ralph 
Featherstone in 1688. Quakers were at that time numerous in Allendale, 
and at the same period they built another meeting house at Limestone Brae, 
on the West Allen, which, at the end of last century, was turned into a 
dwelling house and the graveyard into a garden. 

At Brides hill are the buildings of the endowed and free school of 
East Allendale, which owes its origin to the desire felt for a better system 
of education and to the efforts made by several benevolent men to remedy 
the existing neglect at the end of the seventeenth century. Its principal, 
indeed its real founder, was Christopher Wilkinson of Chapel-house, whose 
will, dated 27th February, 1700, runs as follows : 

Whereas I am deeply sensible of the great want, prejudice, and inconvenience incident to several 
children of many poor inhabitants within the parish of Allendale, by neglect of education, partly happening 
by their parents', tutors', or own inability to hire schoolmasters, or pay for their children's maintenance and 
learning abroad, and being moved with pity and charitable affection to the inhabitants of the said parish of 
Allendale, and in hopes that others will be induced to follow my example and promote so charitable a 
work ; I give to trustees ^250 to purchase lands in the manor of Hexham, to the use, advantage, and 
benefit of a free grammar school for the education of youth, to be set up and settled in such proper and 
convenient place on the west side of East Allen Water as my trustees shall approve. I give ^10 to be 
employed towards the erecting and building a bridge over the East Allen Water, at a place called Oak 
pool, provided the same be built and finished within three years after my decease.' 

Other benefactors were : William Hutchinson of Portgate, who, in 
1692, devised a house and garth called Tinker-house (subject to the life 

' 1775, 22nd July. Petition from William Barker, Thomas Waugh, William Bell, John Parker, David 
Eveins, Robert Emperington, for a meeting for Methodists in a house built for that purpose in the 
parish of Allendale. York Faculty Books. 

■ Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, pp. 85, 89, 93. ' Nexrastle Courant, 26th March, 1825. 

' Thomas Jackson of Hunter Gap, in Keenly, in the parish of Allendale, by will dated 15th Januar)-, 
1695, desires his body to be buryed in ye burying place beside ye meeting place att ye Burnfoot in East 
Allandale, and gives to his ' poor friends in ye truth, who go under ye name of Quakers in ye parish of 
AUandale, ^5.' Raine, Test. Ebor. ' Ibid. 

Vol. IV. 12 


interest of his wife) for a free school ; Cecilia Bacon of Catton Lee, widow, 
who, in 1696, devised ^50 for the like purpose ; and Thomas Wise, curate 
of Allendale, who, in 1702, gave by will, £10 to the same good object. 

The sums accruing from these benefactions were, in 1704, laid out on 
the erection of a school-house and the purchase of a copyhold estate at 
Dryside in Broadside. After serving the needs of the district for one 
hundred and seventy years, the provisions of Wilkinson's foundation were 
deemed inadequate, and a school-board was formed in 1877, which took 
over existing schools at Ninebanks, Carrshield, Keenly, Sinderhope, and 
Allenheads, and built new ones at Allendale Town, Catton, and St. Peter's 
in the Forest. The Brides hill school is now disused, and the appropriation 
of its endowment is still under the consideration of its trustees, a body partly 
elective and partly co-optative.^ 

Near Brides hill are Thornley gate, where five roads meet and diverge, 
Pods-bank, an ancient holding of a family of Swinburn," and the Allen smelt 

The Allen smelt mill contained, in 1821;, two roasting furnaces, five ore hearths, two refinmg furnaces, 
and one reducing furnace. Two flues were subsequently constructed to carry off from the mill the soot 
and smoke which had previously proved so detrimental to the health of the workmen and to the surrounding 
vegetation. Two tall chiinneys had been erected for this purpose near the mill, but they did not meet the 
requirements of the case. The first flue originally had its outlet at Cleugh-head, but on the construction 
of the second flue both outlets were taken to their present position on the moor, about three miles west of 
Allendale Town.' 

Amongst the more influential families of East Allendale was that of 
Shield, which occupied or owned the two chief mills, the King's mill in 
Catton, and the New mill in Allendale. Hugh Shield, who was bailiff" or 
grieve of East Allendale in 1547,^ held a water corn mill there at the rent of 
66s. Sd." In 1608 Hugh Shield of Wooley held at the same rent the 

' It is now regulated by a 'scheme' formulated by the Charity Commissioners in 1887. 'In the 
matter of the Foundations for Schools in the parish of Allendale, etc., founded under the wills of William 
Hutchinson and Christopher W'ilkinson respectively, afterwards administered as one school.' Ex. inf. 
Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 

' 27th April, 1699. Will of Robert Swinburne of Podsbanke, parish of .A.llendale, yeoman. To my 
uncle, James Braidwood's children, Thomas and Hannah, /20. Uncle William Hawdon's children, 
William and I\Iary, ^5. Uncle William Coatsforth's children, William, Thomas, Robert, Hannah W'alton, 
and Mar>', each 20s. Aunt Elizabeth Younger, aunt Margaret Coatsworth, uncle John Swinburne, 5s. 
Uncle James Braidwood sole executor. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

' The grieveship also contains the following homesteads : Broadwood-hall, Bulls hill, Coeshole, 
Frawler meadows (named after an ancient family of Frawler), Haining, Hope-house, Housty, Keller lands, 
Langley, Low mill, Moor-houses, Parkside, Portgate, Stonehall, Riding, Roper-house, Scotch-hall, Spital, 
Tombs-house, Wager-house, Wester-house. 

* Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, p. 39, abridged. '■• Vol. iii. p. 71. " Ihid. p. 73. 


same mill, more specifically described as the King's mill, which was worth 
£12, 6s. 8d.' He also held another 'water come mill, latelie erected, called 
the New mill, of xxxii yeeres standing or thereaboutes,' at a rent of 5s.^ 
Jealous of his neighbours, he had turned aside the water course which drove 
Catton mill, and so made it useless. The monopoly bred discontent, and in 
1664, William Hawdon built a mill at Burn Tongues, and by keeping 'some- 
times one horse and sometimes two horses, which he uses to fetch the corn 
from the inhabitants and carry it back when ground, and thereby he with- 
draws suit and socken ' from the New mill. In an action brought in the 
Court of Exchequer in 1666, by Thomas Shield, Mt was alleged that all 
the inhabitants of East Allendale grieveship, and all or most of those of 
Keenly grieveship, were used to grind at the New mill, and for doing so 
paid toll or multure ' for every load, or two bowls, of hard corn, a peck, and 
a peck for every three bowls of oats, and grist or unsheeld.' The following 
sketch pedigree, drawn up from the depositions and extended from wills 
remaining at York, presents some account of the family : 

Hugh Shield, grieve of East Allendale ; held the King's mill in 1547 = 
Shield of the King's mill = 

Hugh Shield ; held the King's mill and the New mill in l6o8, = 
and died about 1636. I 

1 I 

Nicholas Shield ; purchased the New mill in 1614 from = Richard Shield of Ashen bank, 

the Crown grantees ; of Wooley, gentleman, in 1666 ; 
was then aged 84. 

yeoman ; aged 73 in 1666. 

Thomas Shield, to whom his father conveyed the New mill 3rd May, 1658 ; 
was plaintiff in Exchequer suit in 1666 v. William Hawdon. 

Francis Shield of Burnfoot ; will dated 3rd Feb., 1709/10 ; devised = Mary ; to whom her husband 

the Shield bank to be managed for his son Hugh at the discretion 
of ' Mr. Joh. Bacon, esq.' 

devised the whole of the insight 
or household gear. 

I I 

Hugh Shield of Burnfoot, to whom his father devised the New mill, = Elizabeth ; mentioned in 

the Burnfoot, the Dye-house, the Walk mill. her father's will. 

Nicholas Shield ; named in Francis Shield, youngest son, to whom his grandfather devised the 

grandfather's will. Nether mill, a/ias the King's mill, and Broadwood-hall, the 

fulling mill called Bee's mill on the Bow-bridge. 

' Vol. ill. p. 95. = Ibid. p. 103. 

' Exchequer Deposition by Commission, iS Chas. IL Easter Term, No. 


Evidences of the Shield Pedigree. 

1577. Hugh, son of William Shield, who was seised of a tenement, called Nether Iluntrods, was outlawed for 
felony, and the same was granted by the queen to Hugh Shield of Wooie.' 

1584. Inq. post mortem of William Shield of Huntrods. Hugh Shield was found to be his son and heir.' 

1595, nth August. Probate of will of Henry Shield of Broadwood, granted to Elizabeth, his widow, and 
Elizabeth Rowll, his daughter, the executors.- 

1598, 22nd December. Probate of will of Thomas Shield of Over Huntrods granted to Leonard Shield his father 
and executor.- 

1664. Francis Shield of Bumfoot, for not going to the bell-house, had taken from him two bibles, one Practice 
of Piety, one pair of stockings, two axes, one adz, and four pieces of pewter, by John Richardson, called churchwarden, 
who said he was ordered so to do by one Ridley of WiUimontswike, called justice, who soon after committed him to 
Morpeth gaol, where he was prisoner nine weeks ; the goods worth £\ 12s. 

In i655, Cuthbert Dawson of Studdon, yeoman, aged one hundred years and upwards, deposed ' that he had 
known for more than ninety years the water corn mill, which, though known by the name of the New mill, was 
reputed to be ancient ; he knew Hugh Shield, the plaintiff's grandfather, and he was in possession of the mill more 
than eighty j-ears ago, that the inhabitants in the town of East .'\llenton and several places about have ground their 
corn at the New mill during all the time of his knowledge, paying a peck in every load for toll, they have no cause 
to complain, and have been very readily served at the said milne at such times when other mills could not have gone.'' 

Nicholas Shield of Wooley, gentleman, aged about eighty-four years, deposed ' that he had known the New 
mill from his infancy, and Hugh Shield, his father, enjoyed it, or part thereof, until his death, which happened about 
thirty years ago. He has seen several writings in the name of his great grandfather, which mention that the said 
mill was a goeing mill in the time of Henry VIII., when the exchange was made between Henry VIII. and the arch- 
bishop of York. That James I., in right of the Crown, was seised of the New mill, and as he has heard and believes, 
granted it, by Letters Patent, to Edward Ferrers and Francis Phillips, under the fee farm rent of 5s. yearly ; they 
conveyed it to Mr. Francis Whitfield, of whom this deponent bought it.'' 

1674, 14th November. Nicholas Shield of Wooley, who died at Hackford, was buried in the quire under the 
communion table.' 

1674/5. February 2nd. Nicholas, son of Nicholas Shield, who died at Hackford, was baptised at Hackford.' 

1675, 8th September. Administration of Nicholas Shield of Wooley granted to Joan, the widow.'' 

1692, October loth. Inq. post mortem, John Shield of Hunt-roddes who was found to have died seised of 
moiety of Over Huntrodds, and moiety of Acton, the Higher Stone house, Leonard Shield, his son and heir, was of 
full age. Leonard Shield surrendered all, except Over Huntrodds, to the use of his brother, John Shield of Hunt- 
rodds. The latter died 1699, leaving Leonard, his brother and heir.' 

1697, May 8th. Inventory of Frances Shield of the Huntrods, widow. Her purse and apparell, £1 ; two 
whyes and calves, /5 ; three cowes, £i ; five sheep, £1 5s. ; household goods, £e, ; debts owing to deceased, 
.^"52 17s. 2d. ; total, .^72 2s. 2d. Debts owing by ye deceased to Leonard Wilson, £1 ; to William Fairless, 14s. ; 
her funerall charges and mortuary, ^"5 los. od. ; total, £^ 4s. od. Legacies left : to her son, Leonard, one sheep ; to 
John, her son, one sheep. 

1722. Nicholas Shield of Allendale Town voted for freehold at Beasmill. 

1725, igth April. Will of Leonard Shield of the Huntrods. To son William /"30, when 21 ; to son Joseph 
;^30, when 21. My daughter Sarah, my son John, my wife Elizabeth executor. Proved 20th February, 1726/7, by 
Elizabeth Shield alias Watson, the widow, and sole executor." 

173 1. Inq. post mortem, Leonard Shield of Over Huntrodds. John Shield of the same was found to be son 
and heir.' 

1732, 6th April. William Shield of High Staward, carpenter, on 4th October, 1710, surrendered Middle Steall, 
in East Allendale, and closes called Girsgarth, Cleugh, etc., to the uses of his will ; and by will dated 13th June, 1730, 
he gave same to his nepos John Shield, son of his brother John Shield, who is now admitted.' 

1741. John Shield of Huntrodds, yeoman, and Jane his wife, surrender a moiety of Swinhope Shield to use of 
said John and Jane for life, remainder to Cuthbert Shield, their eldest son.' 

'745i 29th August. Francis Shield of Riding hill, yeoman, eldest son and heir of Hugh Shield of Burnfoot, 
surrendered Middle Steal, Girsgarth, etc., to use of John Shield of the Steel, yeoman, nephew of William Steel, late 
of High Staward, yeoman, deceased, according to his will.' 

' Hexham Manor Rolls. - Raine, Test, Ebor. 

' Exchequer Depositions by Commission, 18 Charles II. Easter Term, No. II. ' Allendale Register. 



'74^/7, 23rd February. Will of Hugh Shield of Allendale Town, yeoman. My outer fields of the yearly rent 
of nine pence and two bodwells. My wife Sarah sole executor ; my brother-in-law, Joseph Roddam of Woolley ; 
Margaret Hopper of Sunderland, widow ; and Jane Loraine, her sister. Proved 2nd July, 1750.' 

I77S. 3rd July. Will of John Shield of Nether Wooey, or Wooley, gentleman. Lands under the regality of 
Hexham, at Wooly, the Steel, Allendale Town. The Steel, in East Allen, to my brother Hugh Shield for life, then 
to kinsmen John Beck of Carlisle, and Jacob Redshaw of Wolsingham, paying /loo to my kinsman Edward Jackson. 
Lands at Wooley and Allendale Town to my nieces Osith and Jane Blackett of Durham, spinsters. My sister 
Elizabeth Blackett, widow, £^0 per annum for life. My niece Isabel Draper, widow, £% per annum ; niece Sarah 
Stephenson, /lOO ; nieces Mary Farmer and Jane Trivett, each ;^ioo ; residue to nieces Osith and Jane Blackett : 
they executors. Proved loth December, 1776.' 

1775- 2 1st September. Nicholas Shield of Broadwood-hall, yeoman, deceased, did, on iSth April, 1749, surrender 
messuages at Broadwood-hall, ground called the Snabb, and the fulling mill called Beer mill, to use of John Ridley, 
formerly of Westside, and late of Wager-house, in East Allendale, to secure i"ioo.= 

1780, 2ist December. At a court, 8th December, 1768, John Shield, late of the Steel and then of Wooley, 
gentleman, nephew of William Shield late of High Staward, yeoman, deceased, surrendered Middle Steel and three 
closes, Girsgarth, and the Cleugh, and the Loaning, to uses of his will. He is dead ; and by will dated 3rd July, 1775. 
and proved at York, he gave the Steel to his brother Hugh for life, and he is admitted.^ 

17S9, aist September. Will cf Hugh Shield of Middle Steel, Allendale Town, organ builder. I give 
Middle Steel to my daughter Mary Carey, apart from Charles Carey her husband. Proved 5th March, 1790, by 
Hannah Watson, widow, the sole executrix.' 

' Raine, Test. Ehor. - Hexham Manor Rolls. 


That part of the Catton and Broadside grieveship which Has on the 
left bank or west side of the East Allen had for a short time a separate 
existence under the designation of Broadside. The conjoined districts, with 
an area of 2,285 acres, have a sweep gradually up from the river to the 
eastern fell, where, at an elevation of 1,700 feet above sea-level, is Catton 
beacon.i At the foot of the fell is a long straggling street of stone-built 
houses, which form the village of Catton ; it has two nonconformist chapels 
and a public elementary school, but shows no evidence of antiquitv. 'Catte- 
den' was one of the three divisions which contributed to the subsidy of 1295, 
the other two being Ninebanks and 'Alwentona'; its quota of 7s. 7id. was 
raised from seven tenants. The priory of Hexham acquired a parcel of land 
in 'Cattenden' before 1279, on which a barn was subsequentlv built.' The 
town was raided on the 24th October, 1589, thirty kine and oxen, four horses 
and mares, and seventeen persons being carried oflf, by a band led by 

' Upon the moor is a hillock of stones whereon about fourteen years ago stood an upritrht piece of 

anv nuK n'f ''^Th"""^ '''^"™"' '° "'^"'^ "'^^ "'^'^''^^ "^ ^'^^^^l "'^h fire in'it to alan. the'coun..^ on 
hothfrnm if ^n^ f .if "^ '" «.is commun.catcd from it to another beacon on Whitfield fell, visible 
both from it and from the mount of Stony Law. Wallis, KorthumhcrUnd, vol. ii. p. 34. 

■' Vol. ill. pp. 139, 150. 


William Elliot the elder, alias Will of the Steile (? Steel) ; the prisoners 
were ransomed at sums ranging from 13s. 4d. to £^ each ; the horses at 
40s. to £^ each; a 'slewe dog' for ^10 {sic) and a sword and a spear 
for 20s.' 

The Catton grieveship, with the King's mill and the Black bank mill, 
was held in 1663 by Robert Coatsworth, George Pearson, William Pearson, 
Nicholas Fairlamb, Thomas Wilson, and twenty-three other tenants, who 
were rated at ^145 per annum. Until 1800 the town fields of Catton lay 
open and unenclosed ; they contained 140 acres, and were divided into 
thirty-five allotments, among twelve proprietors. Catton Lee was held in 
1547 by Cuthbert Hawdon, who in 1586 surrendered Catton water corn mill 
and a meadow to his son, Cuthbert, and his son-in-law, John Farbridge, and 
Whitehill and Catton Lee, to his son, Richard Hawdon. The latter died 
before 1598, when his brother and heir, Cuthbert Hawdon, fined to enter upon 
Catton Lee. He was in possession in 1608, but in 1637 the name of Hugh 
Wilson appears as owner upon the Call Rolls. At the end of the seventeenth 
century it belonged to the Bacons of Staward, and in 1764 was purchased 
as an endowment for the parish of St. John Lee. 

The most interesting place in the division is Old Town, which is situated 
partly on an eminence, partly on a slope, 'the house next the moor is called 
Stony Law, from a little craggy mount composed of earth and large masses 
of coarse ragstone, streaked with red and white.'" Concerning the reputed 
Roman origin of Old Town there has been much controversy. 

It has been identified with the Alio of the Notitia, and was credited by 
Warburton with the possession of a camp, whose portway was seven yards 
broad, and with traces of Roman roads in the vicinity.' The other opinion 
is, that the existing mound and ditch are not older than the Middle Ages,' 
when a camp was thrown up as a defence against incursions, to which the 
district was so much exposed; such as that of 1515, when the Ewalds of 
Thorlieshope, in raiding Allendale, burnt the Old Town and carried off much 
cattle and plunder."^ 

' Border Papers, Bain, i. p. 347. = Wallis, Northumberlamt, vol. ii. p. 34. 

' Cf. Warburton to Gale. 21st November, 1717. Stiikeley's Diaries, Lukis, p. 79. Siirtees Soc. Pubi. 
vol. 80, p. 79. 

' In connection with this disputed subject, it may be noted that in the fragment that remains of Staward- 
le-Pele, situated about two miles from Old Town, are a number of stones of Roman workmanship, 
including an altar. ■ Wallis, Northumberland, vol' ii. p. 48. 


The Bridge Eale/ Pyetroon, and Ouseley, were old possessions of a 
family of Shield,^ originally of the same stock as the family of that name at 
Huntrods, in the Forest grieveship. 

In 1605 Leonard Shield of Huntrods surrendered lands at Usley and a tenement at Catton to his son, 
Hugh Shield.' 

In 1626 Leonard Shield answers for Bridge Eal and Pyetroon.* 

In 1668 the Bridge Eale belonged to Leonard Shield, who, in 16S3, surrendered lands in Catton Field 
to the use of Leonard Wilson of Cooperhaugh.' 

1667,4th May. Will of Nicholas Shield of Pyatt Rune ; to be buried in the queere at Allenton church ; 
to brother Leonard a great arke at Pyat Rune, and to each of his five children 20s., to his three sons ^20 ; 
to poor of Allenton and Catton grieveship ^20 ; to Nicholas Shield of Catton 20s. ; my brother Cuthbert's 
four children ; residue to brothers Hugh and Cuthbert, they executors. Proved June, 1668, by Hugh and 
Cuthbert Shield, his sons brothers-in-law (sic)." 

1695, May 23rd. John Shield of Bridge Eele, and Grace Armstrong of the Hawksteel, married.' 
1699, November 26lh. Leonard Shield of Brigg Eeles buried in the chancel.'' 

1698/9, 4th Januar)'. Will of Leonard Shield of the Bridge Eale, to be buried in the church or church- 
yard of Allendale. I give my holy bible to Leonard Shield of ye Pyatrune, and all the rest of my goods to 
Ann, my wife, she executrix. Proved 4th April, 1700. 1699, i6th December, Inventory : His horse, 
purse, and apparell, ;^I2; five kine, ^8; his come and hay, ^3; his household goods, ^5; one large 
bible, £1. Rents owing to the deceased, Leonard Shield, sen., of Huntrods, £4 los. ; Wilham Viccars, 
jun., of ye parsonage of Whitfield, for a parcel of land called Pryfield, 19s. 6d. ; debt owing by William 
Cultherd of Over Bishopside, 7s. 9d. ; total, ^34 17s. 3d. Funeral expenses, £7 is. 2d.° 
1707, December 9th. Ann Shield of Bridge Eeles, aged 105, buried in the church.'" 
John Shield of the Piatrone in the parish of Allendale, gentleman, possessed of copyhold estate of the 
value of near ^50 a year, and of great personal estate, but of a 'base, sordid, and narrow temper,' was 

charged by his only son and heir, Leonard Shield, at the Hexham Quarter Sessions, 

1 7 19, with suffering him to go' naked and uncovered for want of cloaths, even worse than any beggar child 
in ye neighbourhood,' and was by the court peremptorily ordered to pay 2s. 6d. a week for the son's 

Coldcotes is probably the Oldcotes of 1547, at which period it was in 
the tenure of William Jolliforth, at a rent of 6s. lod. This surname may 
be a form of Coatsworth, for in 1626 John Coatsworth was tenant of Cold- 
cotes, and persons of that name occur as owners in 1652 and 1702.'- 

Bishopfield, held in 1547 and in 1608 by the Bees of Ninebanks, sub- 
sequently came into the hands of the Pearsons, whose pedigree has been 
printed under Hexham Spital. The other farms of Dryside (belonging to 
the trustees of Brides hill school) Juniper, Kilnburn, Leeshall, Mount 
Pleasant, Round Meadows, and Stone Stile, are either modern places or 

' Bridge Eale and Pietroon now belong to Mr. C. W. Harrison, and Ouseley to his brother Mr. J. H. 

^ The well-known John Shield of Broomhaugh was, and his nephew, Mr. Hugh Shield, Q.C., sometime 
M.P. for Cambridge, is, probably descended from this family. 

' Hexham Manor Rolls. ' Ibid. ' Ibid. » Raine, Test . Ebor. ' A Ikndale Register. » Ibid. 
. " Raine, Ttsi. £ior " A lUndaie Register. " Sessions Records. '■ Hexham Manor Rolls. 



The Keenley grieveship occupies the tract between the East and West 
Allen from their confluence southward to the Crockton burn ; its present 
area is 1,835 acres. Though associated with the East Allen grieveship by 
the surveys of 1547 and 1608, it was sometimes connected with West 
Allendale, and in 1679 one jury sat for both divisions. As ' Kenley ' grieve- 
ship it was, in 1663, rated at ^^136. 

In 1552 it was ordered that the watch at the water-meetings' was to 
be kept with four men of the grieveship of Keenley. Matthew Whitfield 
and Thomas Wilson were appointed to be setters and searchers." Situated 
on the fork above where the two rivers meet, is Hindly Wrae, long the 
possession of a family of Wilson, which also owned Hindly hill, Holly bush, 
Hayleazes, Keenley peth, and Oak pool. To the south-west of Hindly Wrae 
is Burnlaw which, in 1608, belonged to Thomas Spark, whose initials, with 
the date 1662, are on a door-head of the present house. ^ The following is 
the will of a descendant : 

In the name of God, Amen, the 22nd day of July, 1704, according to ye computation of ye church of 
England, I, Barbary Sparke of Burnlaw, in the parish of Alindale, and county of Northumberland, spinster, 
being of perfect memory and remembrance, praised be God, doe make and ordaine this my last will and 
testament, in manner and forme following, vizt. : First, I bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God, 
my maker, hopeing that through the meritorious death and passion of Jesus Christ, my onelie Saviour and 
Redeemer, to receive free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins ; and as for my body, to be buried in 
Christian buriall at ye discretion of my executor hereafter mentioned. Imprimis, I give unto my brother 
Matthew Spark, one shilling. Item, I give unto my brother Hugh Shield, one shilling. Item, I give unto 
my brother Edward Coen, one shilling. Item, I give unto Hannah Coen, wife to Edward Coen, one 
shilling. Item, I give unto Francis Shield, one shilling. Item, I give unto Joshua Shield, one shilling. 
Item, I give unto Rebecca Shield, one manty and one petty-coat. Item, I give unto Mary Shield, one 
manty and one petty-coat. Item, I give unto Edward Coen's four children, four pounds equally to be 
divided amongst them. I leave five pounds to ye meeting of Alindaile, for ye use of it, to release poor 
Friends. Item, I give one pound to the building of ye free school at the Rideing hill in Alindale. Item, 
all the rest of my personall estate, moveable and unmoveable, I give unto my brother Jonathan Sparke, 
upon condition that he shall pay all my debts and legacyes, and make him sole executor of this my last 
will and testament, etc.* 

An account of Allendale would be incomplete without a notice of one 
of its most eminent sons. Dr. Thomas Sparke, of the Order of St. Benedict 

' On the western side of the united streams, but in the parish of Whitfield, is the site of the once 
important smelt mills of the London Lead Company. The mills have been so long disused that nothing 
remains but some traces of scori;e. The name of the cupola mills (so styled from the form of the rever- 
beratory furnace) is perpetuated in the Cupola bridge, which here crosses the river, the Cupola banks, etc. 
Cf. Hodgson, Northumberlitmi, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 1 10. Westgarth Forster, Treatise on Section 0/ the Strata, etc. 

■ Nicolson, Border Laws, p. 167. ^ Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newc. vol. vii. p. 270. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 



and suffragan bishop of Berwick. He took his degree of B.D. at Oxford in 
1529, and in the year following was appointed prior of Holy Island. After 
the dissolution of the house of Holy Island, he was in 1537 consecrated 
bishop, and subsequently became a prebendary of Durham, master of 
Greatham, and rector of Wolsingham. He died in 1571, and was buried in 
front of the holy table in the chapel of Greatham hospital. Bv will, he left 
trinkets and objects of greater value to his colleagues and friends, and sums 
of money to the poor of the parishes with which he had in his lifetime been 
connected ; amongst the legacies was one 'to the poor in Allendale parish.'' 
In the great bank, covered with wood, opposite to Whitfield hall, 
nestles a small homestead which bears the peculiar name of Monk, without 
doubt the ' Menke,' which was held in 1547 by John Falaker, at the rent of 
I2S. 6d. In 1552 the watch at Monkford was ordered to be kept nightly by 
two men, John Ferroler being one of the setters and searchers.' It sub- 
sequently became part of the estate of the Bees, and in i66g was held in 
moieties by John Eden and William Swinburn ; from them it passed (it is said 
as a christening gift) to one of the Whitfields of Whitfield. In 1685 Ulrich 
Whitfield requested his eldest son, Matthew, to surrender to the use of his 
(testator's) younger son, William, for his filial and child's portion, Hawkup 
Lee, eight days' work of meadow in Liggfield, and the Monk bank on 
West Allen, or in lieu thereof to pay him ;^8oo. In satisfaction of this 
provision the brothers, in 1699, agreed that William Whitfield should accept 
of his meat, drink, lodging, and washing, at Whitfield hall, and table there, 
that he should have a boy to serve him, grass in summer and hay in winter 
for three horses, and should have, in addition, a certain annuity. Matthew 
Whitfield sold the Monk wood in 1 747 to Mrs. Mary Fairless, who, with the 
consent of her third husband, Thomas Armstrong, resold it in 1755 to 
William Ord of Whitfield.' It is now the property of Mr. A. J. Blackett-Ord.* 

' Cf. Raine, North Durham, pp. 127 n, 128 n, 130 n; Welford, Men of Mark; also, see notices of 
Sparke's life in Lansdowne MSS. British Museum, 9S1, 57, f 97, and 983, 112, f 283. 

' Nicolson, Border Laws, p. 167. ' Mr. A. J. Blackett-Ord's Title Deeds. 

' Amongst the other hamlets and farmholds are Burntongues, Chapel-house, Cleugh bank, Cooks- 
house, Gill-house, Hollin green, Hunter gap, Hawksteel, Harlow bower, Winter Eale. 

Vol. IV. 13 



Allenton park is mentioned as early as i486, apparently in the same 
sense as the Forest ;^ but the Park grieveship seems to have been the remain- 
ing part of that of East Allen after the Forest grieveship had been cut off 
from it. One jury was called in the Manor Court for both." It was rated 
in 1663 to twenty-one proprietors at ;^I36 13s. 4d. : the two principal pro- 
prietors being William Wallis, whose lands were rated at ;^I3 13s. 4d., and 
Thomas Shield, who was taxed upon £\2 13s. 4d. a year. The Shield family 
have already been noticed under the New mill. At the Holmes^ was an old 
Quaker burial ground. The grieveship has an area of 2,552 acres, including 
45 acres in detached portions.'* 


The High and the Low Forest though now regarded as two, were, up to 
1800, one grieveship. A reference to the map will show how very narrow 
was the long strip, and the need or advantage for making transverse lines of 
division. The High Forest contains 3,150 acres, of which half is in detached 
pieces; the Low Forest has 1,597 acres, of which 65 acres are detached. 
Their designation retains the memory of the forest of Allendale,^ which in 
the fourteenth century was applied to the whole district.'' At the time of 
the survey of 1608, the value of the holdings of the grieveships of East 
Allendale and the Forest of East Allendale, approached that of He.xham- 
shire, and was ^154 12s. 3d. per annum.' The grieveships had their own 
fulling, or walk mill ; but their corn mill, held by Cuthbert Hawdon, was 
' naught worth, by reason the water is turned from yt by Hughe Sheele out 
of the ould race.' In 1663 the Forest constabulary was rated at ^184. 

' Vol. iii. p. 43. ■•' Ihid. p. 27. 

' To be sold two farms of land in .-Mlcndale, one of tliem called Hindlew-wree, with good and large 
mansion house, and the other called the Holmes with good housing. Common right belonging to each 
farm ; a good spring of oak, ash, alder, and birch wood. The Holmes is of the yearly value of ^24, and 
has twenty cattle-gates upon Rookhope fell in Weardale. John Bacon, esq., of Staward, and .Mrs. 
Elizabeth Richinond of Crossgate, near Durham, will treat with purchasers. Newcastle Courant, 12th 
October, 1723, and 6th August, 1726. 

* Amongst the farmholds are Crowberry hall, the Hagg, the Holly Close, Low Green, Nettle hill. 
Peck Riding, Studdon, Steel, Wooley. 

* The application of the word forest as in the forest of Cheviot, Rothbury forest, and Earsdon forest 
was not a great wood, but had the same meaning as is e.xpressed when a deer forest is spoken of. 

Vol. iii. pp. 37, 72, 73, 74. ' Ibid. pp. 95, 103. 


There are two chapels within the division, that of Allenheads and that 
of St. Peter's in the Forest; the hitter being now the parish church of the 
ecclesiastical district. 

St. Peter's, which stands on the tongue of land formed by the junction 
of the Swinhope burn and the East Allen, though not mentioned by Randal, 
was built before 1724,* in which year a burial is recorded to have taken place 
in the graveyard attached to it. Up to the year 1765,^ it was known as the 
Low chapel, to distinguish it from the chapel of Allenheads, at the head of 
the dale. It is noticed as St. Peter's chapel in Armstrong's map in 1769, 
and was rebuilt in 1826. It has one of the old bells from Allendale church. 
Though the register begins in 1807, it was not until 1818 that a district 
comprising the Forest divisions was assigned to it. The benefice of St. 
Peter's in the Forest is in the gift of the incumbent of Allendale. 

That a chapel existed at Allenheads in the latter part of the seventeenth 
century is proved by entries in the parish register of Allendale ; such as 21st 
April, 1670, John Hill and Jane Robinson married 'at ye Easter-heads 
chappell.' Here Nathaniel Burnand, the silenced vicar of Brampton, in 
Cumberland, found a refuge, and ' by the favour of Sir William Blackett, was 
appointed minister of the chapel which has been built for the conveniency 
of the miners, with a salary of £t)0 per annum, the mines then prosperous 
and rich.'-^ He was, says Calamy, a son of Nathaniel Burnand, the chief 
minister in Durham in the time of the Civil Wars, and bred in Cambridge. 
Ejected from the vicarage of Brampton* by the Act of Uniformity he 

to the desart places in Austin more, and there took a fami and manag'd It carefully in order to a sub- 
sistence for his family. At length, Providence favouring Sir William Blacket in his lead mines he fixd 
him there to preach to his miners, with an allowance of ^30 per annum. He had great success among 
those ignorant creatures and did much good. But when the mines fail'd, poor Mr. Burnand was again 
at a loss ; came up to London, and spent some time with a congregation at Harwich. But age coming 
upon him, he at length came to London again, and subsisted upon the charity of well disposed Christians 
till death gave him his quietus.^ 

■ 23rd November, 1724, Jane, daughter of Mr. Edmund Baxter of Colecleugh, was buried in the Low 
chapel yard. Allendale Register. 

' The last entry of a burial at the ' Low chapel ' is on the 15th Februarj-, 1765, the first at St. Peter's 
chapel on the 25th March in the same year. Ibid. 

^ Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 36. 

* At Allenheads, Burnand would be beyond the limits of The Five Mile Act, ' perhaps the meanest and 
most spiteful of all the persecuting edicts that ever received the sanction of an English sovereign.' Cf. 
T. Hodgkin, George Fox, 1S96, p. 172. 

* Calamy, Account, vol. ii. p. 15S; but Benjamin Burnand of Broadwood-hall was buried in the church 
2ist May, 1709. .Allendale Register, 


The chapel was rebuiU in 1701 bv the stewards and workmen of the 
lead mines, Sir William Blackett giving the timber and providing a house 
for the minister, whose accustomed duty at that time was to read prayers 
at Allenheads every morning at six o'clock, before the miners began their 
day's work, to preach on the first Sunday of the month in a chapel at Cald- 
cleugh, also built by the miners in 1704, to preach on the other Sundays and 
to administer the sacraments at Allenheads. His stipend was provided from 
' half a day's wage of every workman every month, which, in the time of 
peace, when those lead mines did flourish, amounted to between £,^0 and 
j^8o a year.' The chapel was again rebuilt in 1826," a few yards to the west 
of its former site. The present building preserves an old and massive door- 
way, with heavy mouldings and the Blackett arms, with the date 1701 over it. 
It is a donative in the gift of the lord of the manor. It has a silver paten 
made in Newcastle about 1705, and a silver cup presented in 1719; each 
bears the following inscription: 'D.D.G.L. In usum capellae de Allenheads 
in comitataj [sic) Northumbrian et dicecese Eboraci 1719.'^ 


Curates of Allenheads and of St. Peter's in the Forest. 
.1664-1674. John Hedrington, 'reader,' buried 12th April, 1674.* 

Nathaniel Burnand, previously vicar of Alston. 

Circa 171 1. George Ornsby, M.A., St. Mary Magdalen college, Cambridge, 'curate to the miners 
at Allenheads, was buried in the quire' of Allendale, 22nd February, 1711/3.' 

•712 Rickerby, clerk, minister of Allenheads chapel, and Johnson of .\llenheads, widow, 

were married at Hexham, 27th April, 1714.° 

1722. Francis Grindle of Allenheads, clerk, voted in 1722 for Kirkhaugh rectory.' 

Hugh Stokoe was in 1780 presented to Allendale. 

1783-1806. Joseph Carr, B.D., held Allenheads with Allendale. 

1827. William Walton was curate of St. Peters, and chaplain at Allenheads." 

1851. Constantine O'Donel, B..'\., Trinity college, Dublin, sometime minister of Kirkhealon. 

1879. James Ma.\field Lister, M.A., Durham, afterwards curate of Bingfield, during whose incumbency 
the parsonage house was built." 

1887. William Williams, B.A., previously curate of Carleton, near Sclby. 

Monumental Inscriptions at St. Peter's. 

The burial place of John Crawhall of Peas meadows, who died July 29th, 1771, aged 71 years. Hannah, 
his wife, died August i8th, 1762, aged 54 years. George, their son, died July 17th, 1794, aged 52 years. 

' Ritschell, Tynedale Charities, p. 17. ^ Parsons and White, Durham and Northumberlami. 

' Proc. of Newcastle Soc. of A ntiq. vol. iv. p. 282. ' A Itendale Register. » Ibid. 

' Hexham Register. ' Poll Book. ' Parsons and White, Durham and Northumberland. 

'■' The benefice was in 1879 endowed out of the Common Fund by the Ecclesiastical commissioners 
with .^163 per annum, and a grant of ^1,500 for a parsonage. London Gazette, 14th November, 1879. 


Thomas, their son, agent at Allenheads, died August 8th, 1812, aged 64 years. Ann, wife of Thomas 
Crawhall, died September i8th, 1822, aged 72 years. Ann, daughter of Thomas and .\nn Crawhall, died 
November gth, 1847, aged 65 years. 

In memory of John Crawhall of Craig house, who died September 14th, 1832, aged 58 years. Also of 
Dorothy, his wife, who died January 30th, 1806, aged 32 years. Also of .Albany, their son, who died 
February 26th, 1831, aged ^^ years. Also of Thomas, their son, who died April 19th, 1831, aged 30 years. 
Also of Ann, their daughter, who died August 19th, 1832, aged 23 years. Also of Joseph Crawhall, who 
died at Craig house, December 27th, 1843, aged 23 years. 

In memory of Thomas Crawhall of Benwell tower, who died September i6th, 1833, aged 54 years. 

George Crawhall, third son of Thomas Crawhall of Allenheads, died 6th July, 1852, at White house, 
Stanhope, in the county of Durham, in the 72nd year of his age. Joseph Crawhall, sixth son of Thomas 
Crawhall, died 27th April, 1853, at Stagshaw Close house, in this county, in the 60th year of his age. This 
tablet is erected to the memory of his brothers by Isaac Crawhall of Nun Munckton hall, Yorkshire. 

Sacred to the memory of William Crawhall of Stagshaw Close house, in this county, fourth son of 
Thomas and Ann Crawhall, who died March 29th, 1849, aged 65 years. He was for thirty-three years 
chief lead mining agent at Allenheads. Also of Ann Crawhall, sister of the above, who died at Stagshaw 
Close house, November 3rd, 1847, aged 65 years. 

Allenheads, the chief place in the grieveship, though 1,400 feet above 
sea-level, lies deep in a hollow. Since Hutchinson described its surroundings 
as 'barren and mountainous, inhabited only by miners and shepherds; the 
scene on every hand is dark and deplorable, the mines only inducing 
inhabitants to this desolate spot,' ' a great change has taken place in the 
hamlet, which now contains, besides the now disused buildings for washing 
and dressing the lead ore, substantially built offices, cottages, and schools. 
Extensive plantations of spruce have been made, both on the hill sides 
and in the valley. On the site of the Craig house, as the chief agent's 
residence was called, a shooting box was built by Mr. Beaumont in 1845. 
Near the village are the entrances to the lead mines^ which have been 
mentoined in the previous volume.^ During the years from 1845 to 1865 
they produced from 8,000 to 10,000 tons per annum, and the value of their 
daily output of lead and silver approximated to j^'500.^ The produce of 
the Allenheads mines, until 1826, used to be carried over the hills by 
pack-horses or 'carrier galloways' to the smelt mills on the Devil's. Water 
at Dukesfield, in the parish of Slaley. 

These pack-horses were kept by farmers in the neighbourhood, often to the number of twenty or thirty. 
Mules were also sometimes used. The animals were provided with a sort of angular wooden saddle which 

' Hutchinson, Northumberland, vol. i. p. 113. 

' 'Among the lead mines at Allenheads is a medical spring, used with success for scorbutic fieculencies 
and the graNcl. It is of an atramentous taste, owing to an alkaline cretaceous earth.' VVallis, Northumber- 
land, vol. i. p. 17. 

' Vol. iii. pp. 9, 13, 97. ' Richardson, Memoir of Thomas Sopwith, p. 303. 


had raised pieces of wood affixed back and front, with holes in tlieni through which chains were passed, in 
order to secure the timber when it was being conveyed to the mines. They also wore leather muzzles to 
prevent them from stopping to crop the herbage by the wayside. The driver of the string of galloways 
frequently bestrode a donkey kept for that purpose. The same galloway always led the way, and was 
called the 'raker.'' 

It was the custom for the miners to contract or bargain to raise ore at so 
much per ton; they were paid 'lent' or subsistence money every month; 
seventy years ago it was only a pound a month, though ultimately it was raised 
to three. The balances due to the miners were calculated up to the end of 
each half-year and paid at the end of the next, at what were called the 'pays.'^ 
The trade is now ruined,' and the busy prosperity of the place has vanished. 

The early gun-firing experiments of the world-famous Armstrong guns 
were conducted in this district. On the 25th July, 1856, Thomas Sopwith 
writes in his diary : ' 

I returned to AUenheads, and found the gun experiments in full activity, under the immediate and most 
energetic direction of William George Armstrong. Five out of seven of the shells passed through the 
target at a thousand yards, and three successive balls passed through very nearly in a vertical line, and 
not many yards apart. The arrangements by which the shell is exploded are entirely new contrivances of 
Mr. Armstrong's, and appear to mc to be most ingenious and effective. Of the latter result we had 
abundant demonstration.' 

A little to the east of AUenheads, at Shorngate, is the traditional route" 
of the precipitous retreat of the Scots from Stanhope park in 1327.' 

Before the excellent road* which traverses the whole length of the dale 
was constructed, the inhabitants were obliged to depend for fuel upon the 
products of the district. The moors supplied peats and the mountain sides 
an inferior kind of coal called crow coal. 

'Cat fires' were at one time very prevalent in the neighbourhood of AUenheads and Coalcleugh. 
'Cats' consisted of clay previously trodden into the proper consistency and then mixed with crow coal and 
shaped into balls by the hands, about the size of a large orange. The fires were lighted in the evening by 
means of peats placed at the bottom of the grate, the 'cats' being piled up above, and on the following 
morning the whole mass was in a glow and emitted considerable heat." 

' Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, p. 34. 

* Ibid. p. 36. Cf. Mackenzie, Northumberland, vol. i. pp. 206-7. 

' See vol. iii. p. 13. ' Richardson, Memoir of Thomas Sopwith, p. 297. '' Ibid. p. 244. 

• Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 36. 

' The retreat is said to have been conducted by the address of the Lord Douglas who, in a dark night, 
led the .Scottish army over a morass two miles broad, formerly impassable, by the help of flakes made of 
branches cut from the wood in the neighbourhood of their last encampment, and which casting before 
them into the broken parts of the bog as they advanced through it, they led their horses over these parts. 
Ridpath, Border History, p. 284. 

» An Act for constructing a turnpike from Alston through Catton, .Allendale Town, and AUenheads to 
Cowshill in Weardale. 7 Geo. IV. " Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, p. 7. 


The Hayrake, in 1547, was held by Thomas Williamson ; and as his 
descendants long continued to hold that estate, and were well known in the 
district, their historv has been thrown into the following notes: 

1601, 4th May. Administration to Thomas Williamson of Tedholme, granted to Margaret, his widow, 
to her o\vn use, and that of Thomas, Isabel, and Elizabeth, his children.' 

1608. Thomas Williamson owned the Hayrake, Blackcleugh, Whiterig, Scotshall, and Tedham." 

1662. Thomas Williamson, junior, being called to a court in Allendale and standing up to answer 
with his hat on, the constable was called to have him in the stocks, and William Fenwick of Wallington, 
called justice, bade fine him five marks, and afterwards caused his fnittimus to be written and sent him to 
Morpeth gaol, where he lay three months for not finding surety for his good behaviour, though he had not 
broken laws nor done violence to any man.^ 

1663. Thomas Williamson was rated at £4 for lands in West Allen.' 

1676. Grace Gest, an honest ser\'ant to Thomas Williamson of Hayrake, was buried at the Hay- 
rake in his burying place, ye 3rd day of 2nd month, 1676. She came to dwell with the said Thomas in 
1674, at Whitsontide, after the stormy winter," 

1686. Alexander Williamson of the Hayrake, in Allendale, husbandman, was had to prison at Mid- 
summer Sessions in the year 1686 by a writ of excommunicate capiendo, for non-payment of tithe, though 
they took their pleasure of his goods. And after he was in prison one Mathew Dod took his hat from 
him, and Robert Tod took his shoes from him for 'garnish' as they call it, and the same would needs have 
taken his coat also of him, but some of the rest of the prisoners rose up against them to restrain them ; 
and they kept his hat several days, but one of the prisoners pitied him and sent him an old hat to put on; 
else he must have gone bare head. And they kept his shoes near twenty-four hours, and he was made to 
go in his stocking feet most part of thfe time. And having no friends nor acquaintance thereabouts, nor 
none to look to him, he had neither bedding nor clothes but the bare board to lie on, nor had no liberty 
to get anything, either meat or drink, but once a day he and others were driven to the water side to fill a 
runlet with water, but some of the rest of the prisoners pitied him when he was likely to starve and gave 
him some victuals. All this was allowed by the gaoler because he would not go to his bed which divers 
pays ten shillings each week or more for.' 

There was a stone in a field at the Hayrake, which bore the following inscription : " Here lyeth the 
body of Thomas Williamston, who suffered 10 years' imprisonment on truth's account and the non-payment 
of tythe, and departed this life 18th day of June, anno domini, 1690.' ' 

1699, 31st May. Will of Alexander Williamson of Hayrake. To my four daughters, Ruth, Mary, 
Sarah, and Hannah, the sum of ^20, to be paid out of my real estate by my son Thomas Williamson when 
he comes to the age of 21 years. To my dear wife, Ann Williamson, and my said four daughters, all my 
personal estate, except such heirlooms as did anciently belong to the house. Wife to have tuition of 
children ; failing her, I give their tuition to my trusty friends, John Hutchinson of Greendicke, and 
Hugh Watson of Studdon. Wife executrix. The will was proved by the widow, 7th December, 1699, 
who exhibited the following inventon- of testators effects : His horse and apparel, £5 ; fifteen kine and 
a bull, ^24; five heffers, £6; thirty-one wethers, ^8; forty-four hogs and young sheep, ^8; one old 
lame mair, los. ; a swine or grice, 5s. ; household goods and utensils for husbandry necessarj-es, ^5 ; 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. - Vol. iii. p. 96. 

' Records of Soc. of Friends. Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, pp. 75, 79, 80. 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 311. 

' Records of Soc. of Friends. Dickinson, Allendale and Whitfield, pp. 75, 79, 80. 

" Ibid. ' Proc. Soc. Antiq. Neicc. vol. v. pp. 148, 149. 


total, ;£56 15s. od. His funeral expenses, ;^5. Debts owing by the deceased to Cuthbert Hutchinson, 
£Si to Michael Nevin, £2 los. : servants' wages, ^5 5s. 6d. ; oweing Thomas Hodshon, 5s.; to Peter 
Ritson and Hugh Hutchinson and others, 3s.' 

1724, 29th April. Probate of the will of Joseph Williamson of Hayrake granted to Margaret Mowbray, 
widow, and to John Heron, the executors.' 

At the beginning of the present century Havrake was owned bv John 
Liddell, whose daughter, Rebecca Forster, held the property in 1827, and it 
is still owned by her descendants, Mrs. Mary Ann Walton and Mrs. Rebecca 
Jane Turner.^ 

As amongst the statesmen of Cumberland, so amongst the similar small 
freehold and copyhold proprietors scattered through Allendale, the Society 
of Friends has from its commencement to the present day had a large number 
of adherents. 

The rise of that religious body in Allendale dates from 1653, when 
George Fox visited Hexham. In his diary for that year he speaks of 
'glorious meetings' held by him in Northumberland, and proceeds : 

Then we passed on to Hexham, where we had a great meeting at the top of a hill. The priest threat- 
ened that he would come and oppose us, but he came not ; so that all was quiet, and the everlasting day, 
and the renowned truth of the everliving God, was sounded over those dark countries, and his Son exalted 

over all We passed away from Hexham peaceably, and came into Gilsland, a country noted for 


The family of Watson^ has been selected as a typical example of an 
Allendale statesman family, partly because the carefully kept records of the 
Society of Friends afford the necessary information about it, and partly for 
the opportunity it offers of giving in the -evidences appended many curious 
details connected with that Society, which, moreover, do much to illustrate 
the social life of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ^ Ibid. 

" Amongst the other homesteads in the High and Low Forest are Acton, Broadgates, Coating hill, 
Crowberry, Doves pool, Elpha green, Fawside, Garrets hill, Green pits, Huntrods, Huntwell, Hammer 
Shield, Know-lawc, Knock Shield, New-fold, Peas-meadows, Pry, Rise green, Ropehaugh, Sipton Shield, 
Scotch meadows, Stobbs green, Sinderhope, Snipehouse, Sparty lee, Swinhope Shield, Tedham, and 

' It would not have been possible to give such a full account of the Watson family had not Mr. Thomas 
Carrick Watson placed at the service of the committee, not only his extracts from the records of the 
Society of Friends but his own family papers. 




Hugh Watson of the Holmes ; 
will dated 23rd May, 1674 (J/). 

Jane ; buried at the Holmes, 

20th Nov., 1675 (a). 

William = 

Jane Spark ; mar- 

Anthony Wat- = 

= Elizabeth, daughter of 




ried at Wooley, 

son of Hunt- 

Thomas Nevin ; mar- 

Watson ; 

Watson ; 

20th April, 1660 


ried at the Steel, 29th 




Dec, 1663 ; buried at 
the Holmes, 7th Aug , 
1679 (a). 



Hugh Watson, born 
I2th Jan., 1670 
(a) ; died 25th 
Nov., 1692 (fl) ; 
buried at the 

Joshua Watson of 
Huntwell, born loth 
July, 1672 ; died 
14th June, 1757 ; 
buried at Burnfoot 

Ann Rutter ; mar- 
ried 1 6th Oct., 
1697 (a) ; died 
l4thNov., 1726/7; 
buried at Burn- 
foot (a). 

Joseph Watson, 
born 1 2th 
Sept., 1678 
(a) ; died 
25th April, 
1724 (a). 

. Watson ; 

Jane, born 17th July, 1663 (a). 

Elizabeth, born ... Feb., 1665 ; 
married 8th March, 1687, 
George Hopper (a). 

Ann, born 1666; died 1675 (a). 

Sarah, born gth Nov., 1 67 5 (a). 

Hugh Watson of Raby ; 
bom 23rd Oct., 1702(a); 
living 1761 ; 22nd June, 
1767, administration of 
Hugh Watson of Stain- 
drop granted to Hannah, 
the widow and sole exe- 
cutrix (J>). 

Hannah, dau- 
ghter of Mi- 
chael Coats, 
and widow of 
Jon. Dixon ; 
died 25th 
May, 1785; 
buried at 

I I I 

Joshua, born and 
died 1704. 

Joshua Watson of 
born loth April, 
1708 (a). 4' 

Robert, bom 1 2th 
Sept., 1710(a). 


Joseph Watson of Huntwell, = Esther, daughter of 

born 28th July, 1720; 
died at the Riding, 14th 
April, 1794 i buried at 
Wooley burn foot ; will 
proved ist May, 1794, by 
Joseph Watson, the son (ji). 

Moor ; married 
at Alston, 14th 
Sept., 1745 ; died 
at the Riding, 
15th June, 1789, 
aged 71 (a). 

Jacob Watson, 
bom 20th 
Feb., 1724 

Sarah, dau. of 
George and 
Hopper ; 
her first 

I I I I 

Elizabeth, bom gth Nov., 
1698 (a) ; married 29th 
April, 1720, Philip Har- 
rop of Fore Shield (a). 

Mary, born 23rd Feb., 
1700 (a) ; married i6th 
April, 1725, Appleby 
Bowman (a). 

Sarah, born 4th Aug., 1 701 

Ann, bom 1714 (a). 

Joshua Watson = 
of the Riding, 
born 1 2th Aug., 
1746 (a) ; af- 
terAvards of 

Wooley burn 
foot; died nth 
Nov., 1S05, 
aged 59 (a). 

■ Lydia, daugh- 
ter of ... Alsop 
of Broadwood- 
hall ; married 
6th July, 1769; 
died at Bridge- 
end, 2nd. 'Vpril, 
1810, aged 64. 

Jacob Wat- = Hannah, 
son, bom daugh- 

lOihNov., ter of 

1748 (a). 

Hannah, born 26th March, 1706 
(a) ; married, i8th April, 1729, 
Robert Watson. 

Phcebe, born 20th July, 1712 ; 
married, 28th March, 1734, 
George Goundry of Smelthouse. 

Ann, bom i8th Feb., 1716 (a) ; 
married Joseph Allison of 

Deborah, born 9th Nov., 1717; 
married, 27th April, 1745, John 
Applegarth of Staindrop (a). 


Anthony — 


Alsop ; 



of the 



2 1st 




Jacob Wat- 

dau. of 

son of Hunt 


well, after- 


wards of 

of Coan- 

Tedham ; 

wood ; 

died 28th 



3rd July, 

1813, aged 

1782 ;died 

91 ; buried 

20th June, 

at Allen- 


dale (a). 

Hannah, daughter of 
David Bell of the 
Close, Carlisle ; 
notice of marriage, 
July, 1765 ; died 
at Tynemouili ; 
buried at New- 
castle, 13th Sept., 
1808, aged 70 (a). 

William Watson of Stud- = Elizabeth, daughter of John Rich- 
den, born 25th Jan., 
1788 (a) ; died 27th 
May, 1856. 

ardson of Coanwood ; notice of 
marriage, ... Oct., 1S12 ; died 
24th Dec, 1859. 

Joseph Watson of 
born 26th Oct., 
1792 (a). 

Mary, daughter of 
Joseph Walker of 

Robert Richardson Watson, 
born 13th Feb., 1813 (a) ; 
now of Gosforth. 

John, bom 26th Jan., 1815 ; died 22nd Sept., 1S66. 
William, born 14th Sept., 1819 (a) ; died igih M.ay, 18S9. 
Joseph, bora ... , 1825 ; died ..., 1840. 

(a) Register 0/ Society 0/ Friends at AUendalt. 

Q) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

Vol. IV. 

I I I I 




Hannah, bom 6th Feb., 
1784 (a) ; died 24th 
Aug., 1803 ; buried 
at Wooley burn foot. 

Rachel, born l6th Jan., 
1786 (a). 

Rachel, born 5th July, 
1790 («) ; married 
i6th Sept., 1812, 
Thomas Pattinson 
of Alston. 

Esther, bom l6thjan., 
1786 (a) ; married 
27th Aug., 1806 ; 
died 8th June, 


Joshua Watson of Newcastle, to which 
place he migrated from Allendale 
in 1803 ; born i6th .Aug., 1772 ; 
died at Bensham, nth Feb., 1S53 ; 
will proved at Durham, 30th May, 

Jacob Watson of Ted- 
ham, twin with 
Joseph ; bom 1st 
Sept., 1769 (a); 
died ... , 1849. 

Mary, daughter of 

Johnson of 

Kingswood ; 
married 5th June, 
1806 («). 



Jacob ; 
Anthony, born 1 6th 
Feb., 1781 ; died un- 
married, ... , 1839. 

I I I I 
Hannah, bom 27th Aug., 1766 ; died un 

married 1850. 

Ann, born 22nd July, 1773 ; married William 

Grey, and died 21st Dec, 1827. 
Jane, bom 27th April, 1775 ; married John 

Hewitson of Newcastle. 
Elizabeth; married 2 2nd August, 1805, Thomas 

Tessimond of Kendal. 


^ Joseph = 
I Watson 
I ofStud- 






I I I I 
Bessie Jacob. 

Robin- Jacob Johnson, 
son. Jacob Johnson. 

Thomas = Elizabeth 
^ Dunn. 

I I I I I I I . 
Ellen ; married John Clemitson. 
Hannah ; married Charles F. Jackson of York. 
Mary ; married William Wigham of Coanwood. 
Ann ; married Jesse Clay. 
Margaret ; married Robert Wigham of Hargill house 

Esther ; married John Joseph Roddam of Stanhope. 
Elizabeth ; married John Walton of Clargill hall. 

Joseph Watson of New- 
castle, bom 4th Sept., 
1807 ; died 14th Dec, 
1874; will proved at 
Durham, 25th Feb., 

Sarah, daughter of Ro- 
bert Spence of North 
Shields; married 12th 
March, 1835 ; died 
15th Aug., 1871. 

William Wigham 
Watson of New- 
castle, born 29th 
May, 1809 ; died 
30th June, 1S47. 

Mary, daughter of 
David Carrick of 
Carlisle ; married 
at Carlisle, 26th 
May, 1835 ; died 
14th Nov., 1891. 

Joshua Watson of 
Newcastle ; born 
i8th May, iSil ; 
died unmarried 
2ist July, 1888. 

William Joshua 
: Watson, died 

Thomas Carrick Watson = Hannah, daughter 
of Newcastle, born 15th I of Henry Brady 
April, 1840. ^ of Gateshead. 


Edward Watson of = Alice, daughter of 
Newcastle, born Edward Brady 

26th Dec, 1841. ^ of Barnsley. 

Robert Spence Watson = Elizabeth, daugh 

of Newcastle, born 
8th June, 1837 ; 
LL.D., St. Andrews. 

ter of Edward 
Richardson ; 
married 9th 
June, 1863. 

Joseph Watson, = Lucy, daughter 
born 28th Mar., I of William 
1840 ; died "^ Fenwick. 
24th June, 

William Joshua =: Frances, 

Watson, bora I daughter 

llthOct.,1841; ^ of Duncan 

died 7th Jan., iSIc.Mlum. 

Herbert Watson, born 31st 
March, 1852 ; died unmar- 
ried, 2;th March, 1873. 

Charles John Watson, born 
I4lh i\iay, 1846 ; died an 

I I I 
Lucy ; married Alexander Corder 

of Chelmsford. 
Esther Mary ; married Henry 

Clapham of Newcastle. 
Sarah Jane, born 14th Nov., 1842. 

I I I I 
Emily ; married Henry Richardson of Newcastle. 
Helen ; married Joseph John Gurney of Putney. 
Sarah Anna, bom 1st July, 1849. 
Gertrude ; married John Wigham Edmundson of 

Arnold Spence Watson, 
born 6th Dec, 1879. 

I I 
abel ; 

Mabel ; married Hugh 


.1 I I 

Mary Spence. 


(a) Register of Society 0/ Friends at Allendale. 


Evidences to Watson Pedigree. 

In 1538 Nicholas Watson of West Allendale was one of the men 'able with horse and harness,' who assembled 
at the muster taken by Sir Reginald Camaby.' 

In 1637 Hugh Watson held the Sparty Lee.' 

1641. Hugh Watson held a moiety of Coatenhill, Whiterlg, and Sinderhope.' 

1660. Thomas Sp.Trk, Thomas Williamson, Anthony Watson, Robert Watson [and nineteen others], all of 
Allendale, were taken by William Errington, papist justice, and other papists, and by them carried to Hexham, and 
put into a stinking dungeon, and by the gaoler, there kept several days, who would scarce suffer anything to come to 
them ; but walled up the window, where several of them were kept several weeks ; and then carried to Morpeth 
gaol, and there continued prisoners till the king's proclamation. They were taken at a meeting at New Shield, being 
there met together to worship God, and committed to gaol for no other cause. ^ 

1663 and 1665. Thomas Watson held Sparty Lee; Anthony Watson held a moiety of Coatenhill, and Hugh 
Watson held Huntwell and lands in Whiterig." 

1674, 23rd May. Will of Hugh Watson, the elder, of the Holmes, yeoman. My sons' children and my 
daughters' children, except my grandson, Hugh Watson of Hindley Wray, a ewe and a lamb ; my wife, Jane ; my 
son, Robert Watson, /lo to put his son Benjamin Watson alias Thirlwall, apprentice ; my grandson, Michael 
Stokoe ; residue to five children, Anthony, William, Robert, and Cuthbert Watson and Elizabeth Stokoe ; my 
son-in-law, Richard Stokoe, and my son, Cuthbert Watson, executors. Proved by son, Cuthbert, 28th February, 

1679. The tithe farmers took from Anthony Watson a calf which was his daughters, and they left but one, for 
he had but two. All this was done without course of law. l5S6, They took from his barn at Huntwell six fleeces 
of wool, worth 8s.' 

1682. Robert Watson of Studden, yeoman, for himself and wife being at meetings, was fined 30s., for which 
was taken from him, the 25th of eighth month, 1682, two oxen worth £t.' 

1682. Anthony Watson of Huntwell, yeoman, was fined 5s., for himself, being at a meeting at ye house of 
Francis Shield of Burnfoot, ye 2gth of seventh month, 1682, and fined 15s. for ye supposed poverty of another Friend, 
for being at two meetings, ye one of which meetings, ye said .Anthony Watson was not at. For which fines was taken 
ye 26th of ye eighth month, 1682, a heifer worth £1 los.' 

1682/3, 7th March. Administration of the goods of Cuthbert Watson of the Heigh, granted to Margaret, his 

1683. Anthony Watson held Huntwell and lands in Middlehope Green. '■^ 

1685, 7th August. Tuition of Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh Watson of the Holmes, granted to Elizabeth, wife 
of Roger Stokoe.' 

1694.- Anthony Watson of Huntwell, Cuthbert Featherston of Taylor-bourn, John Walton of Furnace house, 
and Thomas Williamson of Hesleywell, ' were comit to prison ye 1st day of ye third month, 1694, and soe continues 
prisoners upon an excomunicate catnend writt for ye nonpay"' of tythes ; prosecuted by Thomas Allgood and John 
Carr of Hexham, and John Cook of Newcastle, tyth farmers under William Blacket, baronet, of Newcastle. They 
continued prisoners about a year and six months, till freed at the assizes, upon pleading the statute called the Act of 
Grace after the death of Queen Mary.'^ 

1703, 29th of fifth month. Quarterly meeting. Anthony Watson and Archibald Gillespie were desired to 
provide a room in Hexham, against the next quarterly meeting for public worship and for the women's meeting.' 

1705, 5th April. Administration of Anthony Watson of Swinhope Shiel granted to Joseph Watson the son.' 

Inventory of goods of Anthony Watson of Swinhope Sheel, in the parish of Allendale, 8th February, 1704/5. 
His horse, purse, and apparrell apprized to £\o ; the household goods, £\o ; four kine and three heflfers, ^"14 ; a cow 
and a heffer, .^3 ; four maires, ;^8 ; sixty and eight English sheep, /15 ; thirty and four hoggs, £(> ; sixty and six 
Scotch sheep, .^13 4s. ; the husbandry geer, £1 los. ; the hay, /6 ; the apprizall amounts to jf86 14s. ; owing to 
deceased by Thomas Watson and others £1(1 13s. 6d. ; total, .^103 7s. 6d. The funeral expenses, £^ 53.' 

' Arch. Aei. 4to series, vol. i. p. 189. ' Hexham Manor Rolls. 

' Rfcords of Society of Friends at Allendale Meeting. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


1717. Eight sheep were taken from Joshua Watson of Huntwell, 'and they took forcibly out of his pocket in 
money 5s. 5J.' ' 

1717. Joshua Watson of Huntwell, James Broadwood of Hindley hill, and Charles Alsopp of Broadwood-hall, 
were each fined 13s. 4d. for refusing to take the oath as jurymen at a head court, and some of their pewter was taken 
to satisfy the demand.' 

1718. Hugh Watson of Studden was made a trustee of the Friends' meeting house at Limestone Brae in West 
Allendale, and also for the meeting house at Wooley bum foot.' 

171S, 3rd April. Will of William AVatson of Taylor-burne, parish of Allendale. My daughters, Ann Ba.xter, 
Jane Whitfield, Elizabeth Taylor, and Sarah Tomson. My sister, Elizabeth Stoker. Residue to my son, Hugh 
Watson, he executor. Proved 3rd October, 1718.* 

1733. Abraham Watson was made one of the trustees for a yard in Alnwick for a burying place for Friends ; 
and also for a meeting house, stable, and burial ground at Embleton.' 

1757. -91-h June. Will of Hugh Watson of Taylor-burn, proved by Hannah, wife of Joseph Maughan, late 
Watson, his daughter, and sole executor.' 

1757. Lately died at his house at Huntwell Mr. Joshua Watson, one of the people called Quakers, who lived to 
see children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren, to the number of ninety-seven, many of whom attended his 
funeral. And though he had arrived at a good old age, being that of 85 years, his death is greatly regretted, for he 
was, and had long been, a very useful man in his neighbourhood, being well skilled both in classical learning and the 
laws of his country, which, added to good natural parts, great probity, and a candid disposition, made him frequently 
be chosen referee, and often umpire, on matters of difference and disputes among his neighbours. He was from his 
youth a great lover and encourager of planting, the fruits of which accompanied him even to his grave, for his corpse 
was buried in a coffin made out of a tree of his own raising.' 

1759, 2nd month. Abraham Watson, having married a woman of different religious society, was disowned 
though 'he seems sorry for his offence.' In 1770 he applied to be reinstated.^ 

1761, 7th month. Hugh Watson of Raby subscribed a guinea to the new meeting house at Coanwood.^ 

1776, 5th month. Jacob Watson and Hannah Alsopp having been married by a priest were disowned ; she was 
readmitted in 1782.' 

1776, 6th month. Anthony Watson and Joseph Watson report that they waited on Thomas Clavering, and 
obtained his consent to have a piece of land on which to build a meeting house at Winnishill.' 

1815, 29th April. Will of Joshua Watson of Blanchland. My brother, Joseph Watson ; to Ackworth school, 
;^loo ; to the intended school near Wigton, ;^ioo ; residue to my nephews and nieces, viz., Cuthbert Crozier Watson, 
Joseph Watson, Thomas Watson, Ann Watson, Barbara Watson, as long as they shall continue Quakers. Jacob 
Watson near Old Town, William Watson of Shedden, and Thomas Wigham of Worrigill house, Haltwhistle, trustees 
and executors. Proved at York 13th June, 1815. 

1832. Jacob Watson of Allendale Town voted for annuity out of freehold lands at Tedham ; William Watson 
of Claremont Place, Gateshead, voted for copyhold lands at Studden ; Joseph Watson of Bensham voted for annuity 
out of freehold lands at Tedham ; Joseph Watson of the Riding voted for copyhold lands at Riding." 

' Records of Society of Friends at Allendale Meeting. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 

' Newcastle Journal, 2nd July, 1757. ' Poll Book. 



The road across the moors from Allendale Town, after passing by the 
two tall chimneys to which the smoke of the Allendale smelt mills was 
conducted bv flues, extending a distance of three miles, descends a long 
steep bank called the Leadgate bank, and enters the little hamlet of Nine- 
banks, which stands on a terrace on the right bank of the West Allen. 

The grieveship of West Allen or Ninebanks, in area the largest of the 
divisions of Allendale, having an acreage of 4,986 acres, is separated from 
the other grieveships by the Hartley, Longwell, Acton, and Drvburn Moors, 
which, taken together, form a large proportion of the great Allendale stinted 
pasture. The latter contains over 18,000 acres, and is common to all the 
townships, according to the number of stints awarded to each holding at the 
division of the common in 1800. The Rev. John Hodgson noted in 1826 
that ' above Nine banks there is very little haugh land, but the steep banks 
of the river, especially on the east side of the stream, are divided into small 
enclosures and very small farms of rich grass land, which are let to the miners 
at great rents, though many were occupied by the proprietors. The Allen, 
very rapid and full of stones, is in winter time a mad mountain torrent.' 

Under the designation of 'Nine bankes'' the grieveship appears in the 
Subsidy Roll of 1295, the levy of 29s. o|d. being paid by seventeen tenants, 
among whom were William the grieve, Stephen the forester, and Thomas de 
Thirlwall. About the same time the priory of He.xham obtained, either from 
Archbishop Gray or Archbishop Gilford, a grant of one rood of land in ' Nine 
benk,' which, in 1479, yielded the rent of 4d. West Alwent sent forty-five 
armed horsemen to the muster made by Sir Reynold Carnaby.- 

West Alwent Muster Roll, 153S. 
Steyn Patenson, Herre Pateson, John Tesdeyll, Robert Bowmen, John Stowt, Cudbert Jonson, Robert 
Stowt, Robert Jackson, able with hors and hames. Willam Brown, Christofer Lee, Herre Patenson, John 
Hudles, Willm Deconsen, Edwerd Richerdson, Willom Batytson, Ric. Filopson, Christofer Bee, Ric. 
Bowman, Anton Robynson, Rauf Stobys, Willam Robynson, Robert Wynter, Willam Radam, Matho 
Woding, John Stowt, John Mowr, John Bowman, Nicoll Watson, Robert Hewll, Willm Wodmus, Clamet 
Nicolson, Herre Deconson, John Pateson, Herre Wilynson. Edwerd Withell, Christofer Bee, Thomas Bee, 
John Huchenson, Antone Welkeyson, Willm Hucheson, Willm Horslye, Thomas Richartson, John 
Huchenson, John Huchenson, John Huchenson, able with hors and hames. 

' There were trials for homicide and robber)- at Ninebanks at the Assizes of 1280 and 1293. At the 
latter, William Brown of Bellingham, Roger Fot, Peter of Roxburgh and William, his brother, William 
the hunter of Bellingham, John the flesshewere, were found guilty. Gilbert of Keenley and Uavid, son 
of Bernard, had made off and were outlawed. Assise Roll. 1280. '/ftirf. 1293. lUr of \Vark. 

■ Arch. Ael. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 188. 


About the same time it furnished a contingent of twenty men ' to go 
to Berwick in the tyme of necessite.' They were : ' Peter Bee, Thomas 
Ogle, Wille Huchonson, Rynzen (Ninian) Whitfelde, John Huchonson, 
Heugh Huchonson, Henry Bradewode, Hob. Richardson, Henry Falaller, 
Robyn Falaller, Clement Nycolson, Thomas Wvlkynson, Roger Wilkynson, 
Matho Colyngson, John Bateson (Matho's son), Robyn Dod, Heugh 
Winter or his fader, Wylle Burn, John Jakson, Robert Bowman or his 
broder.' ' 

Fourteen years later the 'two Allendailes' were associated with the 
' bounds of Hexhamshire ' in the commission for enclosures in the Middle 

In 1547 Christopher Bee, the grieve, accounted for £1"] 7s. 4d. rent of 
'Nine-binkes cum West Allan,' of which the copyhold lands in 1608 yielded 
to the lord £i(:> 2S. 2d., and were worth, over and above the old rent, 
£%^, 17s. 8d. The Rate Book of 1663 includes with the grieveship the 
rectory (viz., the great tithe) and petty tithes of East and West Allen. Of 
the twenty-three proprietors the chief were : Sir William Fenwick, the 
impropriator, who was rated at £\ per annum ; Sir Matthew Whitfield at 
;^24 ; John Eden, esq., at ^100; and Mr. William Swinburn at £%o. The 
total rateable value was £'2.^^. 

There is no mention of a chapel in any of the existing lists of churches 
anterior to the reference made by Ritschell in 1713 to 'the two chapels, the 
one in East and the other in West Allen, both in repair.'^ The curate 01 
Allendale could only do occasional duty, but was used to administer the 
communion at Ninebanks on the Wednesday before Easter. There was no 
stipend or gratuity save the surplice fees, which amounted to about 40s. a 
year.^ There was no burial ground attached to the chapel;' but marriages 
certainly took place," and probably baptisms were administered there. 
When Archdeacon John Sharp, in 1763, exerted himself to secure a resident 
minister for the grieveship, a new chapel was built half a mile south of the 

' state Papers, Henry VIH. vol. v. 68i. ^ Nicolson, Border Laws, p. 224. 

' Ritschell, TyuedaU Charities. ' Archbishop of York's Papers. 

" In 1826 the Rev. John Hodgson saw in a field, called the chapel field, on the north-east side of 
Hawkhope-lee farm house, some traces of a building with a grass-grown yard, which he was informed was 
the old chapel ; but the local tradition is that it stood on the north bank of Dryburn on Whamlands 
farm, about three-quarters of a mile north of the hamlet of Ninebanks, and that the stones of the walls 
were carted away to build the farm house of Whamlands. Ex. inf. Mr. George Dickinson. 

" AlleiidaU Register. 


hamlet on land surrendered for that purpose, and for a graveyard, by the two 
landowners, Sir John Eden and John Heron. The new building, dedicated 
to St. Mark, was consecrated by the archbishop of York in July, 1764.' 
The grieveship of West Allen was assigned to it as a district, and an 
independent curacy was founded and endowed. The benefice is in the gift 
of the lord of the manor, and the stipend is stated to be ;^245 per annum." 
The chapel was rebuilt in 18 13, and again in 1871. 

Curates of Ninebanks. 

1764. William Laidman. 

1769. Thomas Kirkby. 

1772. Nicholas Richardson' voted in 1774 for Ninebanks curacy.^ 

1813. Robert Messenger, in 1826, voted for freehold land at Ninebanks;^ also, perpetual curate of 

1843. Jonathan Scurr, St. Bees college, died 23rd October, 1889; had been previously sub-curate to 

1889. Henderson Baldwin Mason, B.A., Trinity college, Dublin, died 14th Januar)', 1893. 

1893. Frederick Pickup, M.A., scholar of Hatfield hall, Durham, B.A. 1878. 

There is a silver cup for the communion, made in 1769 by James 
Crawford of Newcastle. The register begins in 1764. 

Monumental Inscriptions. 

Here lieth interred the body of Matthew Fairless of Ninebanks, who died 24th July, 1793, aged 57 
years. Also, the body of Catherine Fairless, his wife, who died 13th April, 1777, aged 38 years. Also, 
here lieth interred the bodies of Elizabeth and Mary Fairless, their daughters; Elizabeth died nth April, 
1783, and Mary died nth March, 1777, aged 11 months. Also, Matthew Fairless, only son of the above 
Matthew and Catherine Fairless, who died 24th April, 1839, aged 65 years ; also Mary, his widow, and 
daughter of John Goodchild, esq., of Pallion hall, Sunderland, who died 21st November, i860, aged 
91 years. 

In memory of Mary Goodchild, eldest daughter of the above named Matthew and Mary Fairless, who 
died at her residence in Jesmond Road, Newcastle, 26th April, 1887, aged 82 years. Also, Elizabeth 
Catherine Fairless, youngest daughter of the above, who died at the same place 26th January, 1891, aged 
82 years. 

The village of Ninebanks now consists of two or three farm houses and 
cottages. The only object of interest is 


The very picturesque, though very diminutive, tower of Ninebanks is a 
mere fragment left standing between two considerable buildings that formerly 
stretched to the west and north. A pair of e.xcellent water-colour drawings 
of the whole group, sketched from the east and south, are fortunately in the 

' NcK'castk Coiirant, 3rd July, 1764. - The benefice of West Allen was endowed by the Ecclesiastical 
commissioners with £6y a year out of the Common Fund. London Gazette, 3rd .May, 1844. 
' Yoyk Faculty Books. ' Ibid. ' Pol! Book. 



possession of Miss Ridley, close at hand. Roughly speaking, the little tower 
seems originally to have been a sort of fore-building attached to a larger 
tower or strong house to the west of it, with an upper story added at the 
same time as the wheel-stair at its north-west corner. 

The east front, facing the road from Whitfield to Nenthead, is only 13 
feet 2 inches wide at the external base. It represents four stories, but the 
ground has been so raised that the original slit of the basement is now nearly 
level with the road ; a square hole for shovelling in coals has been cut 

through the wall above this. On the line of the present first floor a two- 
light window, possibly of the early part of the sixteenth century, has been 
built up, and the room on this floor is now lit by a little oblong window, the 
head of which exhibits two small shields turned upside down. Happily, the 
Rev. John Hodgson made a sketch of the arms upon them on his visit to 
Ninebanks, 4th September, 1826.' From this it appears, that when in their 
natural position, the shield on the left was charged with three escallops, 
and that on the right with a chevron between three bees. Sufliicient traces 
of the arms are left to corroborate this sketch, but the shears or other emblems 

' He at the same time made a pen and ink sketch of the tower and the house attached to'h, from 
which the above illustration has been reproduced. 


to be seen on tlie right cheek of the window in Hodgson's time have now 
disappeared, owing to the wasting nature of the stone. As it held the place 
of honour to the left, the escallop coat was, there can be little doubt, that 
of Sir Thomas Dacre, the ruler of Hexhamshire, 1515-1526, while the other 
seems to have been the conventional one of Bee, azttte, a chevron between 
three bees volant or ; a Bee very possibly holding the office of grieve of 
West Allen, under Dacre. The fact of the shields being reversed is, of 
course, evidence of the stone not being in its original position. 

Externally, the altered character of this miniature tower is further shown 
by the plain string-course above being set out as is usually the case im- 
mediately below the battlements. This string-course rises in a step on 
approaching the south-west corner of the tower, from which it may be 
inferred that there was always a higher building to the west. The east 
window of the superadded story is now filled with pigeons' nests. The 
tower finishes in an elaborately moulded cornice, from which two gurgoyles^ 
project on the south side. With its high-hipped roof it has a singularly 
foreign look, much resembling the colombaio of a Lombard farm. 

The original entrance to the basement seems to have been on the north 
side. A small segment of the arch of the doorway is now all that is to be 
seen of it, the ground having risen considerably, as has been said before, and 
the turret containing the wheel-stair having been built up against the tower 
at about 9 feet from its north-east angle, so as to cover the greater portion of 
the arch. A recess, 8 feet 5 inches wide, is left in front of the stair-tunet, 
between the tower and the modern house that has supplanted the old one to 
the north. The door of this latter, with the inscription above it, has been 
preserved, and now faces the tower. 

The dark and uninviting basement of the tower is now entered by a 
breach made at the south end of the west wall, and contains no feature of 
interest. A passage, evidently cut through the wall, leads off the wheel- 
stair on to the present first floor, a room measuring 9 feet 9 inches west to 
east, 8 feet 10 inches north to south. On entering, an early Tudor doorway, 
only 4 feet high in the centre and 2 feet wide, is at once visible in the west 
wall at the level of the original second floor ; an iron crook and hole for 
the bar still remain to show that it was secured from the west side. A 

' There were until recently two other gurgoyles on the cast side of the tower. Ex. inf. Mr. Geo. 

Vol. IV. 15 



small window of the same date to the right of it also looks out into the 
room, thus clearly proving that the present tower is an addition to the 
structure of which these formed part. 

The passage and doorway of the uppermost floor are original, and of the 
same date as the wheel-stair. There is a fire-place, which has a mantel with 
two plain corbels, apparently Jacobean, at the east end of the north wall. 
The lower part of the wheel-stair has been blocked up, and access to it is 
gained by a hen-ladder. At the first and second floors there remain pairs of 
doorways that opened off the stair, right and left, into rooms that have dis- 
appeared. From the water-colour drawing previously mentioned, we see 
that the house to the west had a gable at its south end rising from the cornice 
of the tower and terminating in a high chimney. 

Takinsr everything into consideration, it seems safe to conclude that a 
larger tower than the present was built at Ninebanks early in the sixteenth 
centurv, and was entered by a small door in its east wall at a considerable 
height above the ground ; that the ladder or external stair leading to this 
was replaced by some sort of internal stair, to contain which the lower 
stories of the existing tower were built ; and that subsequently, perhaps at 
the end of Elizabeth's reign, the wheel-stair and uppermost stories were 
added, and the internal arrangements of the lower story considerably 
changed. A very little excavation would probably explain this, and though 
it is but a small and altered fragment, the tower is so quaint as to deserve 
careful repair and jealous protection. 

In 1570 action was taken by the Crown, in which the manor of Hexham 
was then vested, to resist certain encroachments which had been made upon 
the feudal rights of the archbishop of York by Mathew Bee, who had, in 
West Allendale, opened out a lead mine to the prejudice of the lord.' Four 
years later a commission was issued to enquire under what right Mathew Bee 
enjoyed a lease of the tithes of Allendale chapel, it being alleged on behalf 
of the Crowm that the lease, he pretended from the prior of the dissolved 
priory of Hexham, was forged. Ralph Ord of the Holmes stated : 

Upon a Munday, beinge the market daye of Hexham abowte fowre yeres nowe past, one Mathewe 
Bee came to this examinat, and cauld him vnto him, and sayed Davyd Carnaby would speake with him, 
'and thowe must go over to him this present night, and looke, whatsoever he shall promise the, I assure 
the, I will see the same fulfild.' Wherevpon, the morrowe after, this examinat went to Davyd Carnabye, 
to his owne howse, beinge syttinge by him self sayed, ' thow art welcome, for I must have sent for yowe, 

' Vol. iii. p. 10. 





■ • 

for this ys the matter, my lorde warden, ys hke to overthrowe the prockters of Allondell, and thowe and 
I must make him help ; and Marcame, Sir George Ratclif s man, and I declared vnto Mathewe Bee that 
youe were owinge to my lorde warden, for John Swinborn's debt, a foother of leade, and I feared youe 
durst doo nothinge for that leade ; who answered me, that youe should not styck for a foother of lead or 
more.' Whervpon the examinat, declared to Davyd Carnabye, that he was owinge Mathewe Bee, a 
foother, and John Swyneborne another ; vnto whome Davyd sayed, 'never care youe, I will see all that 
descharged ' ; and then said Davyd Carnabye ' saye youe as I saye, that ys, that the said lease was showed 
at Delston, in the garden, before Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, then chauncellor, and Sir Reginald Camaby, knight, 
then head steward ; and that the same lease was allowed then to have beine a good lease.' And that this 
examinat should have sayed he was with his owne father then at Delstone, with his father's writings, for 
business there to be doon ; and there should have seine the same lease showed.' 

There were proceedings in the Ecclesiastical court at York, in which 
Sir John Forster obtained a decision in his favour on 2nd March, 1576/7. 

Sir John Foster, knight, v. Anthony Baxter. 

William Heron of Hexham, gen., cat. circa xxxvi. He is servant unto Sir John Foster, and beleveth 
that the said .Sir John is fermor of all the tythes and other ecclesiasticall rightes within the cheppeir)' of 
AUondale, by reason of the demyse of oure soveraigne the quene's mat'', by her lettres patentes to him 
thereof graunted. He hard say that it was ordered that the said Sir John should sue out a nisi pi-ius 
(betwene the quene's majestie and Mathew Bee and others, and prosecute the same with effecte at the next 
assises to be houlden in the countye of Northumberlande, that the injunction whereby the saide Matthew 
Bee and others ar enjoyned from the possession of the tyethes in Allendale, alias AUenton, should be 
dissolved and voyde). Sir John at the last assyses at Newcastle dyd effectuallie prosequute the said 
nisi prius, and procured witnesses to be sworne and examyned before the said justyces and a jurie 
impanelled. Sir Cuthbert CoUingwood beinge the forman. Afterwardes motion beinge maid for an 
arbytrament, he dyd here say, that by consent of both parties the said suyte was put to the arbytrament 
of W" Lavvson and Rowland, for Sir John Foster, Cuthberte and David Camabie for Mathewe Bee and 
others, and Justice Harper to be the umpere. In Mychaelmas terme last past was two yeres, an injunction 
to remove Mathewe Bee, Jenet Sheild, and Thomas Bee from possession of the tythes and other, the 
premisses articulate was directed to the sheryfe of Northumbreland and to put in possession the said Sir 
John Foster. Accordinge to the which injunction of this examinate sight and knowledge, Nycholas Rydley, 
then undersheryfe of Northumbreland, toke upon him the execution of the said injunction, and rode to 
Allondall unto the personiage, and thir examinate and dyvers other w"" him, and because the doores were 
mayd fast, he caused a stantion in a windowe to be cutt downe, and so one went into the said house and 
opened the doores, and the doores beinge opened, the said undersheiyfe went into the house and then 
and ther delivered possession unto one Raufe Whytfeild, Sir John Foster's atturnay for that purpose. He 
this examinate, and Roberte Burnham after the possession so taken, upon a Sondaie or hollydaie shortlie 
after, were presente in the chappell or parishe church of Allendall, wher and when the said Roberte 
havinge in his hand the said injunction dyd openlie rede the same to the parishioners ther presente, and 
willed them not to pay any tythes to the said Mathew Bee, etc., but onelie to Sir John Foster, as they 
would answer the contrarie at ther perills, by reason whereof he sayeth that the said Anthonie Baxter 
beinge an inhabytant ther must nedes here of the premisses. 

The undersheriff, Nicholas Ridley of Willemontswick, gen., cct. circa 25, says the same. 

As there is not sufficient material to construct a pedigree of this almost 
forgotten family, the following entries upon the manor rolls, wills, etc., at 
York are given as a substitute : 

' Exchequer Depositions, 16 and i" Eliz. Mich. Term, Northumberland, No. 12. 


1 516, May jth. Matthew Bee, heir of Matthew Bee his uncle (compoter), fines to entei- upon the 
lands, of which the latter died seised, viz., Ninebanks and its appurtenances, Dryburn, Leckefield, Cross- 
house, Kidini,'ficld, Whitestone, Karkcnpeth, Harshaw, Whamlands, Eshes, Graystone, Spartywell, 
Hateshill,*ReadborneshieId, Rakeshield, Smithlands, Farneyshield, Wolfcleugh, Bradley, Appletreeshield, 
Brigley, Keenleyside gate, Waterhaugh, Cooks-house, and West Monk.' 

1547. Christopher Bee was reeve, or grieve, of Keenley and of Ninebanks.' 

1547. Thomas Bee held lands and tenements in Netherswenopshell and Pawpert-nowse.' 

1547. Matthew Bee held lands and tenements at the Yeatchouse, Whamlands, Midlescoote, Karken- 
pathe, Driburne, Esshes, Nynnebinkes, Harebanke, Spertewcll, Bals-hille, Fernesydc, Mouphcdd, 
Orastead, Nynebynks myll, Whoofc and Cliffehill, Overwhitell Shelde, Garesheld, Smelbouris, Ferneshell, 
Haypesley, Medley, Heslewell, Tresshell cottage in AUenton, Readburn Shell, and Bishopfild.- 

1565. Matthew Bee of Ninebanks opened out lead mines near that place.'' 

'S95> 'S'h October. Administration of Mary Bee of Ninebanks granted to Matthew and William Bee, 
her sons ; reservation to Margaret Elrington, Janet Pattison, and /\gnes Ridley, her daughters, and by 
the consent of her sons, to Janet Errington, daughter of John Errington of Hirst.^ 

1596, 19th October. Tuition of Matthew, Ann, and Jane Bee, daughters of Matthew Bee of Nine- 
banks, granted to Margaret Bee, their mother, and Nicholas Whitfieldj esq.' 

1596, 8th June. Will of Matthew Bee of Ninebanks, proved by Margaret, his widow, the sole 
executrix. Nicholas Whitefield, esq., and Barth. Bee, gen., witnesses.' 

1597, 31st March. Will of Peter Bee of Esshes, parish of Allendale, proved by Barbara Bee, the 

1597, 13th June. Administration of Clement Bee of tlie parish of Allendale, granted to William 

1599. Ad hanc curiam compertum est per homagium quod Matt. Bee nuper de Nynebencks infra 
manerium istud die quo obiit tenuit de dicta domina regina sibi et heredibus suis, secundum consuetudinem 
hujus manerii, unum capitale messuagium sive tenementum cum pertinentiis vocatum Neinbynck. Ac 
unum molendinum aquaticum cum pert, vocatum Nynebynck mill. Ac tres acras terras cum pert, eidem 
molendino spectantes. Ac unum aliud tenementum cum suis pertinentiis vocatum Leckefield. Ac unum 
aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum le Crossehowse in Leckefield predicto. Ac unum tenementum 
cum pert, vocatum Ridingfcild in Lcckcffcild predicto. Ac unum tenementum cum suis pert, vocatum 
le Eshes. Ac unum aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum .Spartewell. .Ac unum aliud tenementum 
cum pert, vocatum Whamland. Ac unum aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum Wyndshill. Ac unum 
aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum Keynliesydyate. .Ac unam parcellam terrae cum pert, vocatam 
Le Waterhaughe. .Ac unum aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum le Grawston. Ac unum aliud 
tenementum cum pert, vocatum le I5yrkenpeth. .\c unum aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum 
Driebornfeild. Ac unum aliud tenementum cum pert, vocatum Hayrbanke. Ac i tenementum 
vocatum le Butshill. Ac 1 tenementum voc. Farnsyd. Ac i ten. voc. Gyrecotes. Ac i ten. voc. 
le WoltTeclewghc. Ac 1 ten. voc. tertiam partem i tenementi voc. Whitleysheile. .Ac i ten. voc. 
Whitleyesheillgreane. Ac i ten. voc. Carrsheill. Ac i ten. voc. Smeilebornes. Ac i ten. voc. Farnie- 
sheile. Ac i ten. voc. Harseley. .Ac 2 tenementa voc. le Broadley quorum unum tenementum. 
in occupatione Wm. Lee et alterum in occupatione Rob. Philipsoun. Ac i ten. voc. le .Appeltrysheile. 
Ac I ten. voc. Heisleywell et Hartehaughe. Ac i ten. voc. UppermoUoppe. Ac i ten. etc. voc. 
le Whitestone. Ac i ten. voc. Busshoppfield. .Ac i ten. voc. le Cakehowses. Quatuor le 
Dawarkes terras voc. le Dales. Ac i burgagium jacens in Allenton voc. le Tinckelers howse et 3 
rodas terrae dicto burgagio pertinentes. Ac i ten. cum pert. voc. Readbornsheile. Ac i ten. 
voc. le Raikeshele provet mete eunt. Ac i parcellam terra; herbagii voc. le Westmonke. Ac i 
ten. voc. Harshawe jacens in le dcanes. Ac i ten. voc. Smithelaunde. Ac i ten. voc. le Nether 
Ridengfeld. Ac i burgagium jacens in Hencott, et unam le butt terrte jacens prope le Tyngren. Ac i 
clausum prati continentem 2 acras prati in campis de Prestpople voc. Beies close. Ac i ten. sive 

' Swinburi: Papers. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. " Vol. iii. pp. 72, 73, 75, 76, 79, 85. 

' Ibid. pp. 73, 85. ' Il'id. p. 10. * Raine, Test. Ebor, 


burgagium jacens infra villani cle Hexham in quodam vico de Gelligate, et i burgagium voc. a Smithie 
prope le Bowebrigge medio villa; de Hexham, et obiit nee non duas le Dales prati continentes 8 acras et 
4 acras bosci jacentes in Westallendale. Quodque dictus Mattheus obiit de terris et tenementis predictis 
sic inde seisitus citra ultimam curiam, et quod Matt. Bee generosus etatis trium annorum est suus filius 
et heres propinquior ad habendum tenementa et terras predicta cum pert, secundum consuetudinem 
predictam. Quiquidem Matt. Bee filius hie in ista eadem curia examinatus venit in propria persona 
sua et per Joh. Emmerson gener. tutorem et gardianum suum petit admitti ad premissos. Cui quidem 
Matheo dicta domina regina, etc. Redd, inde annuatim eidem domin;e reginas, etc., vii li., xii s., 
ii d., etc' 

1608. Matthew Bee held a house in Allwenton and a great number of tenements, Burshopsfild, 
Cookeshowses, Hunteroake, Redbumshell, Rakkeshell, and Owsledalles, for which he paid £g i6s. 4d. 
per annum, they were worth £ji os. 8d. over and above." 

1614, i2th October. Iiuj. post mortem. Matthew Bee was found to have died seised of Ninebanks, 
Ninebanks mill, Leckfield, etc. He was son of Matthew Bee. Anne, wife of Robert Eden, and Jane, wife 
of Clement Colmore, are his sisters and heirs. ^ 

1626, 28th November. Robert Eden and Dorothy, his wife, surrendered the messuage and tenements 
called Nynebencks with Xynebencks mill, with three acres of land, tenements called Leckfield, etc' 

1626, 17th October. .A-nn, wife of Robert Eden, and Jane, wife of William Swinburn, as heirs of 
Matthew Bee, answer for Ninebanks, etc. From 1637 to 1653 Robert Eden and William Swinburn jure 
uxoris answer.' 

1626, 17th October. Thomas Bee, sen., of Broadwood-hall, answers for lands in Allen. 

1626, 17th October. Thomas Bee, jun., of Broadwood-hall, answers for lands at Steel in East Allen.' 

1626-1653. Thomas Bee answers for moiety of Taylor-bum and moiety of Woodmas Walls in West 

1626-1653. Thomas Bee of Broadwood-hall answers for lands there.' 

1638, 2nd October. Christopher Byerley and Jane, his wife, surrendered the chief messuage at 
Ninebanks, etc., with mill.' 

1653. Ittq. post mortem. Jane, wife of William Swinburn of Capheaton, was found to have died 
seised of a moiety of Ninebanks, etc' 

1659, October. Thomas Bee of Langley castle surrendered Broadwood-hall to George Bacon for twenty- 
one years. Thomas Bee of Turners-house surrendered Turners-house to Francis EUerington of Ellerington. 
Barbary Lee surrendered her dower, or widow right, in Broadwood-hall to Mary Bee, her daughter.' 

1663, October. Inq. post mortem. Robert Eden was found to have died seised of a moiety of Nine- 
banks, etc., and John Eden is his son and heir.' 

1682, loth July. Administration of Francis Bee of Broadwood-hall granted to Barbara, wife of John 
Howdon, his sister.' 

1716, 17th November. Will of Matthew Bee of Heslewell, yeoman. My eldest son, Matthew Bee, 
;£20 ; my sons, Robert, Thomas, and Charles Bee, each ^40 ; my father-in-law, Robert Park, and brother, 
Thomas Bee, trustees. Residue to wife Margaret; she e.xecutrix. Proved ist April, 1718.' 

1734, 24th May. Will of Thomas Bee of Heslywell. My mother, Margaret Nixon, £^ per annum ; 
my nephew, Thomas Nixon of Grass hill ; my nephew, Matthew Bee, and my niece, Mary Bee. Residue 
to my brothers, Matthew and Robert Bee. Proved by Matthew and Robert Bee the brothers, 27th 

January, I734/5-' 

1741, i6th May. Administration of ^^-ltthew Bee of Gateshead granted to Elizabeth, wife of John 
Robinson, his mother.* 

At some time after 15 16, the Bees, apparently by licence, built a water 
corn mill at Ninebanks, which was the only one in West Allendale. The last 

' Hexham Manor Rolls, 8th May, 1599. " \'ol. iii. pp. 87-89, 96-9S. ' Hexham Manor Rolls. 

* Raine, Test. Ebor. 


male heir of the Bee family, who, like his fathers, bore the name of Matthew, 
was only three vears old at his father's death in 1599; and died unmarried 
at the age of seventeen. The estates, thereupon, devolved upon his two 
sisters, Anne, wife of Robert Eden of West Auckland ; and Jane, who 
married, first, Clement Colmore, third son of Clement Colmore, chancellor 
of the diocese of Durham, by whom she had no issue ; and, secondly, as 
her second husband, William Swinburn of Caphcaton. As Swinburn's estates 
were sequestered for recusancy, his son, also named William, on the 29th 
August, 1645, petitioned the commissioners and stated that the lands at 
Ninebanks were ' in noe way belonginge to his father, but only and properly 
to vour petitioner, who is now in his minority and lame of his limbs.' 
Enquiry was made, and as the petitioner was found to be heir at law to his 
mother, his prayer was granted.' He was living at Holliwell," in the county 
of Durham, when, in 1678, he conveyed his moiety of Ninebanks to Edward 

The Eden family, baronets of Bishop Auckland, whose history is too 
well known to need recapitulation, retained the core of their moiety until 
the end of the eighteenth century, when, on the 23rd November, 1770, Sir 
John Eden surrendered to the use of John Heron of Ninebanks, ' all that 
ancient building called the tower, with its appurtenances, being part of the 
moiety of a messuage, or manor house, at Ninebanks, together with about 
5 yards of ground in breadth, and 15 yards in length, more or less, adjoining 
and belonging to the said ancient building, and as the same were then in the 
possession of Edward Fairless, as tenant thereof,' etc. 

Edward Robson, the purchaser of Swinburn's part of the estate, built 
himself a house, adjoining the old tower; which, in latter days, was used as an 
inn, and was taken down and rebuilt a few years ago. A door-head built 
into the new house has the following inscription : 


16. E • D. 82. 
They are the initial letters of the names of Edward and Dorothy Robson. 
The history of the Robsons and of the kindred family of Fairless is related 
in the following pedigree and evidences : 

' Swinburn Papers, vol. ii. p. 26. The Rev. John Hodgson's collection. 
' William Swinburn died about 1681. 




Edward Robson, to whom Wm. Swinburn in 1678 mortgaged = Dorothy ; residuary legatee under 

his moiety of Ninebanks ; will 'dated 28th Feb., 1699 (3) ; 
buried in Allendale quire, 28th April, 1700 (/;)• 

husband's will ; will dated 8th March, 
1708/9 (3) ; proved 23rd April, 1711. 

Leonard Wilson of Dryside, = Edith Winter 

surgeon, first husband ; 
married 31st Oct., 1698 (A); 
buried Oct., 1699 (Ji) ; will 
dated 17th Oct., 1699(3). 

living in 

Ann Wilson of Ninebanks, daughter and 
heiress ; baptised 22nd Dec, 1699 (/i) ; 
died unmarried ; will dated lOth March, 
1721 (3); proved l6th May, 1721. 

= George Robson of Ninebanks, 
second husband ; married 
2ist August, 1701 (Ji) ; will 
dated 13th May, 1728 ; 
proved 1730 («) ; buried 
2 1st Nov., 1729 (/>). 

Robert Rob- 
son ; men- 
tioned in 

John Robson ; men- 
tioned in mother's 
will, but not in 
that of father ; 
buried 30th Jan., 
1724/5 (b) 

Ann ; married William Carr of Hexham. 4' 

Elizabeth ; married Cuthbert Lambert, -i/ 

Susanna ; married John Wills of Durham. 4/ 

Cecilia ; married George 
Bacon of Broadwood-hall, 
and devised a legacy to 
Brideshill school (c). 

George Robson of Nine- 
banks, son and heir, 
first husband ; devisee 
of sister Ann Wilson ; 
baptised 20th Feb., 
1703/4 ; married 3rd 
Jan., 1726/7 (^); buried 
3rd Feb., 1733/4 W; 
will dated 28th Jan., 
1734 ; proved 31st 
Aug., 1734 (")• 

Mary Peart of the 
parish of Stan- 
hope ; she mar- 
ried, thirdly, 
Thomas Arm- 
strong of Cald- 
cleugli ; articles 
before mar- 

riage, 8th Sept., 
1750 ; was liv- 
ing 1762. 

Matthew Fairless of 
Ninebanks, second 
husband ; will 
dated 20th July, 
1745 > proved 

same year ; mar- 
ried gth Dec, 1735 
(A) ; buried 24th 
July, 1745 {f). 

I I 

William Robson, 
baptised i6th 
May, 1707 (.'-) ; 
was living 1734- 

Edward, baptised 
27th June, 1702 
(«) ; buried 12th 
May, 1726 (6.) 

Elizabeth, baptised 
26th .April, 1716 
(/>) ; buried 20th 
Jan., 1 730/1 (/5). 

Dorothy, baptised 
1 6th May, 1707 (/i); 
married 28th .April, 
1726, John Far- 
bridge (i) ; was 
living :734. 

Edward Robson of Nine- 
banks, only son and heir ; 
baptised 17th Nov., 1727 
(b) ; died unmarried and 
intestate ; buried 6th Dec, 
1736 {/>). 

Elizabeth Robson, sister = John Heron of Birtley and 

and heiress of Edward 
Robson ; baptised 1st 
February, 1730/r (J)"); 
articles before marriage, 
7th Nov., 1748 (ji). 

Shield-hall ; jure uxorts 
of Ninebanks ; was resid- 
ing in Hexham, in 1789 ; 
will dated 26th Aug., 
180; (rf). 

Mary, baptised jth 
Nov., 1732 ((5); 
buried i8th July, 
1737 (<)■ 

Heron of Birtley. 

Edward Fairless of : 
Bishop Auckland, 
afterwards of 

Ninebanks ; son 
and heir of 
Mary Fairless ; 
baptised nth 

April, 1738 TO; 
buried nth Jan., 
I782(f);will dated 

; proved ist 

April, 1783 (3). 

Mary [Har- 
rison] ; was 
party to sur- 
render, 1 2 th 
Sept., 1771 ; 
buried 22nd 
April, 1780 

Matthew Fairless the elder, of = Catherine 

Ninebanks ; baptised Ist 
July, 1739 (//); died 24th 
July, 1793, aged 57 (e) ; 
will dated i6th July, 1791 
(3) ; purchased a moiety of 
Ninebanks, nth Nov., 17S9, 
from John and Elizabeth 
Heron, and mortgaged same 
to the Rev. John Thompson 
of Netherwarden. 


ried 9th 
May, 1 77 1 
Cf); died 
13th Apr., 
38 years 

Joseph Fairless, 
a posthumous 
son ; baptised 
15th Oct., 
1745 (i); to 
whom his 
brother Mat- 
thew left £(> 
per annum. 

Margaret, baptised 

8th Aug., 1736 

(//) ; married ... 

Goodwill. si/ 

Mary, baptised 

2nd May, 1 741 
((5) ; married ... 
Winter. 4- 
.■\nn, baptised 24th 
April, 1743 (/>). 

Matthew Fairless the younger, of Nookton and 
of Ninebanks ; baptised 30th Oct., 1757 {P) ; 
son and heir of Edward Fairless ; died in- 
testate ; administration granted gth Dec, 
1824, to son William. 

Dorothy, daughter of ... Rochester 
of the Linolds in the parish of 
Corbridge ; married at Corbridge, 
6th Feb., 1792; buried i6th Jan., 
1799 (f)- 

Elizabeth, baptised 30th 
Nov., 1752 (Ji) ; buried 
19th .Aug., 1753 (/5). 

Margaret, baptised Ist 
Jan., 1755 W- 

William Fairless of Bishopfield, son and = , sifter of 

heir ; baptised at Hunslanworth, 26ih William Taylor 

Jan., 1793 ; was admited to lands at of Ninebanks; 

Ninebanks, 24th Feb., 1825, and sold died circa 1853. 
same to William Lee. 

John Fairless. 

(3) Raine, Test. Ehor. 
(Jf) Allenaale Register. 

(c~) Hodgson, Nurthumherland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 374. 
((/) ShiM-hall Deeds. 

I I I I I 
.Mary ; married Daniel Bell. 
Ann ; married ... Pickering. 

(J) M.L Ninebanks. 
(f) Sinebanks Register. 



^ I 

Matthew Fairless of Bishopwear- = Mary, daughter of John Goodchild of Pallion ; Elizabeth ; baptised 27lh April, 

born I2th Dec, 1768 (/) ; by post-nuptial 1772 (g); died nth April, 

settlement, 25th Aug, 1802, her portion of 1783 (^). 

iCi,ooo was settled in consideration of mar- Mary; died nth March, 1777, 

riage recently solemnized ; died 21st .Nov., aged n months (_f) (r). 
i860, aged 91 (<■). 

mouth, coal-filter, etc., and of 
Ninebanks ; only son; baptised 
2ist Nov., 1773 Cf); in 1834 was 
residing in Newcastle; died 24th 
April, 1839, 3ged 65 years (_f). 

I I I 

Mary Goodchild I-airless of Jes- Jane; married John Easton Elizabeth Catherine Fairless of Jesmond, 

mond, where she died, 26th of Pelaw house, mining where she died, 26th Jan., 1891, aged 

April, 1887, aged 82 ((t). engineer ; died i./. 82 years (ir) ; the last survivor. 

(0 M-I- Ninebanks. (/) Surtees, Durham, II. vol. i. p. 240. Cf) Ninebanks Register. 

Evidences to Robson and Fairless Pedigree. 

1698/9, 28th February. Will of Edward Robson of Ninebanks. To my son, Robert Robson, 405., in full of all 
his interest and claim to any of my personal estate ; son, George Robson, ;^I20, to be paid him at the age of 27 
years ; in trust for my daughter, Ann, wife of William Carr of Hexham, /50 ; my daughter, Elizabeth Robson, /"loo ; 
my daughter, Susanna, wife of John Wills of Durham, £1 ; to my cousin, Elizabeth, wife of John Atkinson of 
Harwood, and to her son, John Cooper, 203. apiece ; to my cousins, John and George Reed, sons of Grace Reed 
of Catton Lee, 20s. apiece ; residue, to my dear and loving wife, Dorothy Robson, she executri.x. Proved at York 1st 
June, 1700, by Dorothy the widow. Inventory taken 4th .May, 1700. Imp. : His horse and apparell, .^10. Item, 
his money, £^ 4s. Item, one pair of o.\en, £i. Item, ten cows, £l~i. Item, two heifers, £1. Item, three stirks, 
£1. Item, one mare, /"l los. Item, fifty ewes, with their lambs, ;^l6 13s. 4d. Item, sixteen wethers and two rams, 
£'^ 8s. Item, twenty-five hoggs, £~, 1 2s. 6d. Item, household goods, £10. Item, debts owing upon personal and 
land security, ;^82i 2s. lod. .More debts, for which no security in writing, ;^I4 5s. Total, ;^952 15s. 8d. The debts 
that the said Edward Robson at time of his death did owe and the expenses of his funeral amount to ^383 is. 6d., 
[leaving] .^569 14s. 2d. In desperate debts, .^11 ns.' 

1699, 17th October. Will of Leonard Wilson of Dryside. To my mother, Ann Wilson, 20s. ; to my brothers, 
Matthew and William, my wearing apparel ; to my brother, William Wilson, my horse, my cane, and sword ; to my 
two brothers-in-law, Joseph and William Winter, 20s. apiece ; to Margaret Goulin, 5s. ; residue to my dear and well 
beloved wife ; if she die without issue to me, then my part of the lead mines at Wanlocke-head, in Scotland, shall go 
to my brother, William Wilson. Wife executrix. Inventory taken 28th February, 1699/1700. Imp. : His horse, 
purse, and apparel, £lo. Item, his household stuff, £~,. Debts owing upon bond, imp. : William Winter, .^300. 
Item, John Robson, £n. Item, Leonard Wilson, senior, .^100. Item, Nicholas Whitfield of Churchstile, and Joseph 
Wilkinson, ;irio. /400- [Deduct] Desperate debts, imp. : John Bell of Windy side, ^"2 3s. Item, Rowland Smith of 
Ordely, 15s. Item, more small debts, amounting to £%. Item, funeral expenses, ;^I2. Total, £\ll 2s. Will 
proved at York, 4th .April, 1700, by Edith Wilson, the widow and sole executrix'. 

1720/1, loth March. Will of Ann Wilson of Ninebanks, spinster. My tenement, called Burntongues, and my 
water corn mill at Ridley green, to the use of my mother, Edith, wife of George Robson of Ninebanks, gent., for 
life, and then to my brother, George Robson, the younger, of Ninebanks, paying /150 each to my sisters, Dorothy and 
Elizabeth Robson of Ninebanks, and seven guineas to my brother, William Robson ; my cousin, Frances Lambert of 
Hexham, spinster, five guineas. Dr. Cuthbert Lambert, a guinea ; to the poor of Keenly grieveship, los. per annum 
for ever. Residue to father, George Robson. Proved at York, i6th May, 172 1, by Geo. Robson, gent., sole executor.' 

1733/4, 2Sth January. Will of George Robson of Ninebanks, gent. My moiety of Ninebanks, Sparty-well close, 
eight dargues or days' work in Leckfield, etc., to John Bacon of Newbrough, gent., and my brother-in-law, Joseph 
Peart of Newhouse, gent., in trust, to raise /"200 for my daughter, Elizabeth Robson, when 21, or married, and ;^ioo 
for my daughter, Mary ; the rest to go to my son, Edward Robson. My share of the groves and lead mines, called 
Grasshill and Greenhill ; my brother, William Robson ; my mother, Edith Robson ; my sister, Dorothy, wife of John 
Fairbridge, gent. Residue to my wife, Mary Robson, she executrix. Proved at York, 31st August, 1734.' 

1745, 20th July. Will of Matthew Fairless of Ninebanks, gent. Lands in parish of Allendale to eldest son, 
Edward ; my daughters, Margaret, Mary, and Anne ; my second son, .Matthew, my lands in parish of Eastwood and 
Prittlewell. Proved loth September, 1745.' 

1752, nth June. Elizabeth, wife of John Heron of Ninebanks, was admitted to moiety of Ninebanks, a moiety 
of Ninebanks water corn mill, also to ' 8 dargues or days' work in Leakfield,' as sister and heir of Edward Robson, 
who was only son of George Robson of Ninebanks.' 

' Raine, Test. Elior. ' Mr. A. J. Blackett-Ord's Title Deeds of Ninebanks. 


1770. To be sold the copyhold farms of Xinebanks domain and High Ashes, 147 acres ; Low Ashes and Whem- 
lands, 71 acres ; Dryburn, 6 acres ; Birkin Path and Grey Stone, 32 acres ; Under Birk Holt, 14 acres ; Upper Birk- 
Holt, II acres ; the smithy, II acres ; Mope Head and Nether Mope, 30 acres ; Appletree Shield, 19 acres ; North 
Hezley Well, 35 acres ; South Hezley Well, 22 acres ; Chare Heads, 17 acres ; Bates Hill, 10 acres ; Guire Coats, 17 
acres ; Farney Side, 12 acres ; The Nook, 12 acres ; Farney Shield, 10 acres ; Wolf Cleugh, 17 acres ; Whitlyshield 
Green, 12 acres ; Carr Shield, 21 acres ; Small Burns, 31 acres.' 

Probate of the will of Edward Fairless of Ninebanks was granted 1st April, 1783, to Matthew Fairless, the son 
and sole executor.- 

1789, loth December. John Heron, late of Xinebanks, but then of He.xham, and Elizabeth, his wife, surrendered 
to the Rev. John Thompson of Nether Warden a moiety of Ninebanks, etc. There was a proviso for redemption on 
the payment by Matthew Fairless of Xinebanks of /"Soo and interest.^ 

In 1800 the commissioners awarded 161 acres and 44I stints to Matthew Fairless in respect of his estate of Nine- 
banks, and to Matthew Fairless 112 acres and 24^ stints in respect of his estate of Ninebanks and Dryburn.' 
' NewcaslU Courant, 24th March, 1770. ^ Raine, Test. Ebor. ' Mr. A. J. Blackett-Ord's Title Deeds of Nitiebanks. 
* Schedule annexed to Award of Commissioners for Division of Hexhamshire and Allendale Commons. 

In 18 1 6, the assignees of the firm of Goodchilds, Jackson, and Co. of 
Sunderland, to whom Matthew Fairless had conveyed his lands, advertised 
his part of Ninebanks for sale.' Both parts were eventuallv purchased by 
William Lee, and in 1858 were sold by his son, Mr. Parkin Lee (who 
subsequently emigrated to Australia) to Mr. William Ord of Whitfield, from 
whom they have descended to Mr. Andrew J. Blackett-Ord of Whitfield. 

Besides the Bee family, some other yeomen held lands in West Allen 
grieveship, among whom William Bateson, in 1547, held Greenley Cleugh 
at a rent of I2d. His descendant, Christopher Bateson, was the owner of 
the same place in 1608, and Marmaduke Bateson, who possessed Woodmas 
Walls, was probably another descendant. The family remained in possession 
of the latter place for several generations, and the name occurs on the Court 
Rolls up to the eighteenth century. 

The will of John Ratteson of Woodmas Walls, in the parish of West Allendale, dated 8th December, 
1694. To my eldest son, William Batteson, a standing bedd that stands in ye loft. To my son, Mathew 
Balteson, a standing bedd that stands in the nooke in ye forehouse. To my eldest daughter, Ann, wife 
of John Kinliside, the sume of two shillings and si.xpence. All the rest of my goods to my wife, Jane 
Batteson, she executrix. My house to my son, William, after my wife's death. Inventoiy, 9th June, 
1698. Imp.: his horse and apparrell and household goods, ^3. Item, seaven kine, ^8 15s. Item, 
tenn? ewes and lambs, £z los. Item, two dinmens," 7s. In all, / 14 12s. Item, his funeral expenses, ^4.' 

The present owner of Woodmas Walls and Greenley Cleugh is Mr. 
Thomas Harrison. 

Redheugh belongs to the benefice of Horton. ' Overlvnestane brave' 
was held, in 1547, by Thomas Woodmas, and 'Netherlvnestane brave' by 
Hugh Philipson ; and, in 1608, William Stout owned the Over 'Limstonbrey,' 
and George Philipson 'Neather Limstonbrey.' In 1665 both tenements were 
held by Ralph Featherstone. There is said to have been an old lead mine at 

^Newcastle Courant, 22nd June, 1S16. ='Dinmonts': sheep over one year old. ^,Test. Ebor. 
Vol. IV. 16 


the place, and in a field a little to the west of the road at Limestone-brae 
there still remains a massive socketed base of a wayside cross, roughly tooled.' 
The present owners of Limestone-brae are Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont and 
]\Ir. John Swindle. 

' Kenlefilde,' in 1547, was held by Roger Keenlyside at the rent of 6s., 
and 'Kindelfyldehil' by Michael Keenlyside at the rent of 7s. 4d. As 
AVilliam Keenlyside held Kinleyside hill in 1608, at the rent of 13s. 8d., it 
may be inferred that he was possessed of both tenements, which were then 
worth ^4 over and above the rent. In 1663 William Keenlyside was rated 
for lands in West Allen grieveship at £S a year. 

William Keenlyside of Keenlyside hill, on the 14th October, 1701, 
surrendered Keenlyside Low hall, the High Shield, and the Pingle to the 
use of himself for life, and then to the use of his daughter Mary. Her great- 
grandson, John Clark of Allendale Town, gentleman, in 1830 sold his share 
of the land to Mr. Ord of Whitfield. 

1685, 7th August. Will of Robert Keenlyside of Hawkup proved by Elizabeth, his widow and sole 
executrix ; to whom also was granted tuition of his children, William, Joseph, Robert, Mary, Elizabeth, 
and Sarah." 

1699/1700, 19th January. Will of Gerard Keenlyside of Corry hill. When my son, John Keenlyside, 
shall arrive at the age of 21, he shall pay to his brother, William, ^30; to my wife, Ann, and son, 
William, all personal estate, they executors. Proved 3rd October, 1700. Inventory: Horse, purse, and 
apparcU, ^3 ; six cowes and and one bull, ^14 ; three hcffers, £4 los. ; one and twenty sheep, £s 14s. ; 
household goods, ^3 los. Total, /30 4s. [from which deduct] the testator's funerall expenses, ^3 los. : 
^26 I4s.= 

1715/6, 19th February. Will of Thomas Keenlyside of Woodhcads. John Keenlyside of Chairheads, 
and his brother, William Keenlyside of Swaledale, in Yorkshire ; Jane, their sister ; my nephews. Joke 
and Edward Keenlyside of Middlescott ; Ann Keenlyside, widow of my brother, John ; I\Iar>' Dixon, 
their daughter, and .'Xnn and Elizabeth, their daughters ; John, son of my brother, Ger. Keenlyside, 
deceased, and William, his brother. My nephew, John Dawson of Woodhead, executor. Proved 25th 
September, 1719." 

1717, 25th April. Nuncupative will of John Keenlyside of Wolfcleugh. My wife ; my son, Joshua ; 
my daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, and Sarah. Proved i6th October, 1718, by Mary Keenlyside, the widow, 
to whom was granted tuition of Joshua, Elizabeth, Mary, and Sarah, his children.- 

1720, 25th June. Will of Ann Keenlyside of Wooey alias Wooly, widow. My son, Matthew Keenly- 
side, late deceased ; my nephew, Thomas Hutchinson, executor. Proved i6th May, 1721.= 

1726/7, 20th February. Administration of the personal estate of Thomas Keenlyside of Furnace- 
house granted to Jane, the widow.- 

1746/7, nth Februar)'. Will of Edward Keenlyside of .Millscott, yeoman. To my daughters, Jane 
and Mary Keenlyside, ;C20 each; my daughter, .Ann, wife of Roljert Hall; my son-in-law, Matthew 
Rowell ; residue to my son, Edward Keenlyside. Proved 22nd .March, 1759, by Robt. Hall and .Mary 
Keenlyside, the executors." 

1757) 27th October. Administration of the personal estate of Robert Keenlyside of the parish of 
Allendale granted to Margaret, his widow. - 

' Proc. of Newcastle Soc. of Antiq. vol. iv. p. 282. ■ Raine, Test. Ebor, 



'759i 25th June. Probate of the will of William Keenlyside of Fostersteads granted to Williani 
Keenlyside, the sole executor.' 

1765, 28th September. Administration of the personal estate of Reginald Keenlyside of Graswell 
granted to Ann, his widow.' 

1767, 23rd April. Will of William Keenlyside of Keenlyside, yeoman; my sons, Joseph and William 
Keenlyside of Graswell. Proved iith August, 1767, by George and John Green, the executors.' 

Caldcleugh," as its name imports, is a cleugh or ravine near tlie source 
of the West Allen.' It is about three miles south-west of AUenheads, and 
stands at the remarkable elevation of 1,600 to 1,700 feet above sea-level.* 
A chapel was built here in 1704,' to be 'nigh the lead mines,' but was turned 
into a school-house, when a new chapel-of-ease was built at Carr Shield in 
1822. The benefice, though distinct from Ninebanks ecclesiastically, is now 
held by the incumbent of that parish.^ 


Caldcleugh = 

Robert Caldcleugh of Corbridge ; administration = 
granted at Durham, 24th Nov., 1610, to brother 
William, to the use of Robert, John, James, 
Lionel, Margaret, and Jane [the children]. 

William Caldcleugh of = Mary ... ; admin- 

Corbridge ; will proved 
at Durham, 20th Nov., 

I I 

I 1 

I 1 

istratri.x to hus- 
band's will. 

William Cald- Thomas Cald- Peter Caldcleugh of Newcastle ; 

cleugh ; was cleugh ; was was under age in 1630 ; 

under age in underage in skinner and glover, formerly 

1630. 1630. of Corbridge ; administration 

granted at Durham, 20th 
May, 1636, to widow. 

Elizabeth ... ; administratri.x 
to husband's estate ; died 
at Alnwick ; administra- 
tion granted i6th July, 
1650, to sons William, 
Ralph, and Peter. 

I I 

Robert Caldclough of New- William Cald- 

castle, yeoman ; a minor at cleugh ; 

date of father's death ; died living in 

unmarried ; administration 1650. 
granted 12th Feb., 1648, to 
brother Ralph. 

Ralph Caldcleugh of 
Newcastle, yeoman ; 
administrator to his 
brother Robert's es- 
tate ; living in 1650. 

Peter Cald- 
cleugh ; 
living in 

I : I 

I I 
Jane ; under 

age in 

Margaret ; 

under age 

in 1630. • 

Minors at date- 
of father's 

Ralph Caldcleugh of Crossgate, Durham ; buried = Barbara ; buried 15th July, 
2 1st June, 1728 (a). : 1728 ("). 

Peter Caldcleugh of Crossgate ; buried in south aisle 
of Crossgate church, 29th April, 1743 (a). 

= Isabel Parkin ; married 13th Feb., 1703/4 
I (a) ; buried 7lh March, 1738/9 (a). 

* This pedigree is constructed from documents in the possession of Mr. John Caldcleugh of Durham, and upon 
a table drawn up, in 1877, by Mr. E. .A. White from the parish register of St. .Margaret, Crossgate, Durham. 

(t() Crossgate Register. 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ' Often spelled Coldcleugh and Coalclcugh. 

' Amongst the other homesteads are Appletree Shield, Blackclcugh, Bateshill, Broadlee, Chareheads, 
Corryhill, Dryburn, Farneyshield, Hesleywell, High Green, Mohopchcad, Sparlywell, Turnershield, 
Taylor burn, Wall nook, Whamlands, Whitleyshield, and Wolfcleugh. 

* Nat. Hist. Trans, (new series) vol. 2, p. 94. ' Kitschell, Tynaialc Charities. 

" E.x. inf. Rev. F. Pickup, Nov., 1S96. 




I I I 

Peter, baptised 20th 
Feb., 1704/5 («)• 

John, baptised 30lh 
Jan., 1706/7 (a). 

James, baptised 2nd 
Oct., 1 70S (a) ; 
buried in the south 
aisle of Crossgate 
church, 1 5 ih April, 
1709 (a). 

Jane [Hum- 
ble] ; bur- 


Thomas Caldcleugh = Isabel Andrew 

of Crossgate, 
baptised nth 
May, 1712 W; 
buried 12th 
Mar., 1793 (a). 

of the parish 
of Branspeth; 
married 28th 
May, 1757 
(a) ; buried 
4th Dec, 

1785 w. 

James Caldcleugh, 
baptised 18th 
A])ril, 1716 (a) ; 
enlisted in 2nd 
Life Guards ; 
died 2nd July, 

I I 

Isabella, baptised 
22nd Feb., 1709/10. 

Anne, baptised 22nd 
March, I7i3i'4 (a); 
buried in south 
aisle of Crossgate 
church, 30th May, 

1715 W- 

Thomas Caldcleugh of Crossgate, == Margaret Hazard of the parish of Three daughters. 

baptised gth Nov., 1739 (a) ; 
buried 13th Dec, 1775 (a). 

St. Nicholas, Durham 
there 5th Nov., 1768. 


Thomas Caldcleugh ; buried 12th Sept., 1771 (a). 

Peter Caldcleugh of Cross- = 
gate, baptised 4th March, 
1759 (a) ; died circa 5th 
July, 1800. 

I 1 
Mary Binksofthe John Lambton Caldcleugh, baptised 

parish of St. 17th Jan., 1762 (a) ; buried 15th 

Nicholas, Uur- March, 1772 (a), 

ham. William Lambton Caldcleugh, bap- 

tised 25th Sept., 1768 (a). 

Jane, baptised iSth March, 
1764 (a) ; married 12th 
Feb., 1785, Robert Hud- 
son of Crossgate, (a). 

John Caldcleugh of 
Crossgate, baptised 
15th Jan., 1792 
(a) ; admitted free 
of Drapers' and 
Taylors' company, 
Durham, 2nd Dec, 
1813 ; buried 9th 

34 (")• 



Jane, daughter of James 
Young of Durham (son 
of Thomas Young, 
who married Mary, 
daughter of James 
Ilderton and Jane 
Sanderson his wife) ; 
married at St. Nicho- 
las', Durham, 7th 
April, 182 1. 

Mary Davi- = Peter Caldcleugh of : 

son ; bur- 
ied 17th 
aged 36. 

James Cald- 


John Caldcleugh of Durham, surgeon 
dentist ; baptised ... at St. Nicholas'. 

Crossgate, afterwards 
of New Elvet, bap- 
tised 6th Jan., 1794 
(a) ; admitted free of 
Drapers' and Taylors' 
company of Durham, 
2nd May, 1814; 
buried 27th May, 
1873 {"■). 

ter of 
of Dur- 

i I I I 
Simon Caldcleugh, 
died in infancy 

Christopher Cald- 
cleugh, baptised 
27th Jan., 1799 

Two daughters ; 
died in infancy. 


Frances, baptised at St. Nicholas', 
Durham, iSth March, 1838. 

John, baptised at St. Nicholas', 
Durham, 6th Aug., 1814 ; 
died in infancy (a). 

James, baptised 7th Mar., 1828 ; 
died in infancy (a) 

Peter Caldcleugh 

of New Elvet ; 
baptised 3rd 
June, 1820 (a). 

Simon Caldcleugh of 
Haverstock hill, Lon- 
don, surgeon ; bap- 
tised 25th Nov., 
1S22 ; buried ... 

Jane, baptised 9th Feb., 1S18 ; married 
at New St. Pancras, London, William 
Greenwell of Durham, and was buried 
at St. John's cemetery, Margate, lOth 
Feb., 1871. ^ 

John Coldcleugh of West Allen ; administration granted at Durham, 3rd March, 1609, to Margaret, the widow, to 
her own use and that of John, Thomas, William, Margaret, and Elizabeth, the children. 

William Caldcleugh of Coalcleugh, yeoman ; will dated 13th May, 1614 ; proved at Durham, and administration 
granted to Elizabeth, the widow, to the use of George, John, Thomas, William, Jane, Mary, Agnes, and Eliza- 
beth [the children]. 

James Cartclough (jk) of West Allen ; administration granted at Durham, 3rd April, 1616, to Alice, the widow, to 
her own use and that of William, Thomas, Charles, .Margaret, and Elizabeth [the children]. 

Thomas Caldcleugh of Coalcleugh ; will dated i6th Aug., 1617 ; proved at Durham and administration granted 
to Elizabeth, the widow, to her own use and that of George, William, Thomas, James, John, and Margaret, the 

William Caldclough of Keenley ; will dated lOth March, 1623, administration granted at Durham, to his brother 
John to the use of William, Ralph, Richard, Thomas, John, Peter, and Mary [the children]. 

Peter Caldclough of Coalcleugh ; administration granted at Durham, 12th July, 1624, to Margaret, his widow, to 
her own use and that of Peter, John, William, Thomai, and Jane [the children]. 

(a) Crossgate Register. 



The parish includes the townships of West Acomb, Anick, Anick 
Grange, Bingfield, Cocklaw, Fallovvfield, Hallington, Portgate, Sandhoe, 
and Wall : of this group, Hallington forms a projecting portion to the north- 
east. The eastern boundary skirts the town fields of Corbridge, following the 
line of Watling vStreet, and crosses the pasture lands northward without any 
apparent line of demarcation ; but on the other sides the limit of the parish 
is marked by conspicuous natural features, which extend along the Erring burn 
from near its source to the junction of the stream with the North Tyne, and 
from thence follows the course of that river to its junction with the South 
Tyne, and so eastwards along the north bank of the united rivers back again 
to the township of Corbridge. The three streams, which form the northern, 
western, and southern boundaries of the parish respectively, enclose what 
may be described as a great headland, possessing very distinctive and 
notable characteristics. The river margins usually present a breadth of 
rich alluvial haughs, those which face to the south lying within the 
hundred feet of the Ordnance contour-line. From these flat haughlands 
the ground rises with more or less abruptness, at one place having a 
terrace-like slope, and at another a bold escarpment, rising to a height of 
about five hundred feet. Above this the upland ground extends over an 
area of about nine square miles, rising at the highest point to more than 
eight hundred feet above sea level. This great shoulder is unbroken by any 
depression or valley, except where on its south-western face the village of 
Acomb is situated. At its highest part it is intersected by the lines of the 
Roman Wall and the 'vallum,' which at one place cross it at a height of 
eight hundred and sixty feet above the sea. Just beyond this, the church 
of St. Oswald, associated with the battle of Hefenfield, stands out upon the 
verge of the abrupt western descent. 

On the tract of ground, between the moorland at Stagshaw bank and the 
fell at Fallowfield, are placed a succession of isolated farmsteads, where 
patches of tillage and wide expanses of bleak pastures alternate with strag- 
gling plantations of wind-blown pines and silver birches, whilst on the 
broken ground between, the heather and whin assert themselves as the 
natural habitants of the soil. The wildest aspect is realised on Fallowfield 
fell, where from an escarpment of which the ' written rock ' forms the face. 


extends a wide expanse of heather, suggesting a sense of remoteness, which 
the call of the lapwing and the cry of the curlew intensify and enhance. 
In few places are we surrounded by such objects of interest as are here 
to be seen in camp and fosse and inscrijition, where Briton and Roman and 
Angle are all represented, and successive phases of our country's history are 
vividly set before us. The natural features of the scene are on every side 
remarkable. Northward are the eminences of Moot Law and Grundstone 
Law, beyond which appear the more distant and sharply-defined hills of 
Simonside, while the great chain of Cheviot closes the view. To the west 
the ground north of the Wall dips precipitously to the Erring burn, across 
which the Watling Street runs in a straight line. At the foot of the descent 
lies the tower of Cocklaw, whilst beyond are Swinburne castle and the 
Gunnar-peak, with the tower of Chipchase rising beyond in the valley of 
the North Tyne. Westward and south-westward are the ridges of the Great 
Whin Sill, and, far away, in the adjoining county of Cumberland, the spurs 
and summit of the Pennine range of Cross Fell. Southward, again, range 
upon range of moorland stretch in succession from Kilhope to Consett. 
The transition from the wild uplands to the rich valleys beneath is like the 
passage from a high latitude to the luxuriance of a more temperate clime. 
Thus, on the western side, where the village of Wall is backed by a rocky 
steep, a descent into the valley of the North Tyne abruptly reveals a view 
of the scene below, where Walwick Chesters and the domain lands about 
it present a striking contrast to the moorland above. The southern face of 
the parish looks towards the Tyne, now become a wide river by the union 
of its two branches. On the crest at the upper end is seen the spire of the 
parish church, piercing through the foliage around it, whilst the chapel at 
Stagshaw indicates its eastward extent. Between these points the scenery is 
most characteristic of this northern river. The valley here extends to a 
width of about three miles from side to side, and on its right bank lie the 
picturesquely-situated town of Hexham and the ruins of Uilston castle. 
The parish of St. John Lee occupies the left bank, and presents an 
alternation of richly wooded slopes, sunny pastures, and bleak uplands. 
Numerous remains of terraced lands suggest that the southern aspect of 
the bank has attracted the cultivator from remote times, and its present 
appearance justifies the impression of its fertility. The mansion houses 
of Stagshaw, Sandhoe, Beaufront, the Hermitage, and the Riding, which 
stud its face, are all surrounded by extensive woodlands, in which many 


fine specimens of various trees are to be found, whilst scattered farmsteads 
and the clustering village of Anick add interest to the scene. 

Though the church of St. John Lee gives its name to a parochial 
chapelry or parish of 16,129 acres, it does not give one to either hamlet 
or township, and is itself situated in the township of Acomb. 

The church, which, in a straight line, is about a mile due north of 
Hexham priory, is remarkable more for the beauty of its site and for its 
traditional connection with St. John of Beverley than for the structure of 
the building. It stands on the crest of a steep hill, its graveyard extending 
to the verv verge of the wooded bank, which breaks off abruptlv, falling 
awav to the grass fields below. Its most striking feature is the spire which, 
rising above the trees in which its base is hidden, is seen for miles and 
gives the church its chief importance. It seems very probable that this is 
the spot, described at different times as the Eagle's Nest, ' mons aquilae,' and 
Hernshou, where stood the hermitage, surrounded by a brushwood hedge 
and a ditch, the chosen resort of St. John of Beverley at the seasons when 
he was minded to withdraw from Hexham priory for more undisturbed 
opportunity of meditation and prayer.^ 

Here or at Warden was probably the scene of the cure of the dumb and 
unhealthy vouth whom St. John of Beverley received and kept for a week 
within the precincts of Erneshow, and then in a single day taught him first 
to say the word ' Yes,' then the letters of the alphabet, syllables, words, and 
sentences, and by the help of his physician cured him of his bodilv infirmity." 
On account of this and other miracles people, both hale and sick, were used 
in after years to resort to the place on the eve and dav of St. John Baptist.' 
In the Acts of King Stephen it is related that when King David of Scotland 
was quartered at Corbridge in 1 138, two of his soldiers attempted to break in 
the door of the oratorv or vard of St. Michael, and suffered the penalty of 
their insolence, for both went mad : the one dashed his brains out against a 
stone, and the other drowned himself.'' 

' The Venerable Bede, takiny tloun the description from the lips of Berethun, who had been St. John's 
deacon, gives a description of the place : ' Est mansio quredam secretior, nemore raro ct vallo circmndata, 
non longe ab Hagustaldensi ecclesia, id est, unius ferme milliarii et dimidii spalio inter riuente Tino amne 
separata, habens cffimeterium Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, in cjua vir Dei Siupius, ubi opportunitas 
adridebat temporis, et maxinie in Quadragesima, manere cum paucis, atque orationibus ac lectione quietus 
operam dare consueverat.' Beda, Hist. Reel. lib. v. cap. 2. Warden also claims to possess the hermitage 
of St. John, and her advocates identify 'mons aquila:' with Warden hill, and the 'ccemeterium' of 
St. Michael with Warden church, which is dedicated to the saint. See Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. 
vol. iii. p. 404 n. " Beda, Hist. Eccl. lib. v. cap. 2. 

' Prior Richard's Chronicle, vol. i. p. 17. He.xham Priory, Raine, vol. i. * Ibid. pp. 17, i8, 79, 80. 


A storv recorded in the Patent Rolls tells how Thomas Elliott of 
Keepwick, a convicted felon, was hanged at Hexham in 1310, but as his 
name was enrolled among the brethren of the hospital of St. John of 
Jerusalem, his body was cared for by the Order, and carried to the grave- 
yard of St. John 'de Leye' for burial, where, to the awe of the bvstanders, 
the dead man revived and lived to receive the royal pardon.' 

The place was described in 13 10 as 'Capella beati Johannis de Lega.'" 
This has been held to prove its dedication to St. John of Beverlev, but the 
following document, taken from the Certificates of the EnglisJi Parentage 
and Birth of Certain Persons who have been charged with being Scots, 
shows clearlv that the dedication of the church was to St. John Baptist :' 

For asmych as it is right mcrctorie as medeful to u itenesse ye trcwtli, be it knawen to all maner of men 
to whom this present writyng commys, that Robert Elwalde, ye son of John Ehvalde, is a trewe Ynglish 
man gottyn of his fadre aforsaid, and born of his modre with in the paryssh of Saynt John liaptist within 
Hexhamshirc, whose godfadre was John Elwalde of the said parysh, and John Robson of the Langlee, 
Janet Ehvalde, godmodre, of Hakefurth, within the said shire, and was christinyt in the founte of the said 
parish of Saynt John Baptist ; wherfore we, the prior of Hexham, Sir Thomas Laveroke, chaplan and 
parish prest of the said parich, and William Smyth, parish clerke of the same, Thomlyn of Eryngton of 
Falefelde, Gerarde of Eryngton of Walwyk graunge, .^lex. .Armstrang of Croslee, Thomlyn Armstrang of 
Bewfrount, Robert of Eryngton of VVhittyngton, Robert of Chester, gentihiien [and others], besekes you 
by the way of charitie to repute and halde the said Robert Elwalde as for a trwe Ynglish man, as it afore- 
rehersed, and as for the more trewe certificate to be made to you, we the forsaid prior, gentilmen, and 
yeomen afore rehersed hath setto our scales. Gevyn at Hexham the 27th day of August the yere of the 
reigne of Kyng Edward the IV. the 19th (1479).' 

With wise forethought, Archbishop Greenfield sought to establish 
endowed vicarages in the chapelries of He.xhamshire, but he found the 

' ' Rex omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis ad quos, etc., salutem. Sciatis quod cum Thomas Eliot de 
Kepewyk juxta Hextildesham nuper coram Johanne de Vans ct sociis suis justiciariis ad gaolam de 
Hextildesham infra libertatcni .Archiep. Ebor. de Hextildesham deliberandam assignatis pro quibusdam 
feloniis indc coram cisdem justiciariis convictus fuit suspcnsus et post suspensionem illam a furca tanquam 
mortuus depositiis cxtitisset et corpus ejus ad cimitoerium ccclesiae Sancti Johannis de Leye pro eo quod 
nomen ipsius Johannis in rotulo fiatrum hospitalis Sancti Johannis Jerusalem in Anglia inventum fuit, 
juxta privilegium cisdem fratribus concessum ad sepeliendum dclatum, idemque Thomas ibidem vivus 
repertus fuisset et post niodum ea occasionc regnum .Anglie abjurasset sicut ex testimoniio accepimus 
fidcdigno. Nos caritatis intuitu et ob specialem devocinneni quam ad bcatum Thomam gloriosum Chnsti 
martirem cujus translacionis die inde sumus requisiti pro eodcm gerimus et habemus, volentes praefato 
Thomae gratiam facere specialem, pardonavimus ei abjuracionem predictam et quicquid ad nos ulterius 
pertinet in hac parte et firniam pacem nostrani ci inde conccdimus. In cujus rei testimonium, etc. 
Datum ut supra (Westm. viii die Julii) per ipsum rcgcm.' Rot. Put. 4 Edw. II. p. i, m. 26. 

■ Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 123. 

' St. John Baptist was always a popular saint in the north of England, possibly because his day 
and its eve coincided with Midsuinmer day, and absorbed some of tlie traditions of the older religion. 

' At Midsummer after sunset the lads and lasses resorted to the woods to beat each other with 
br.anches of rowan tiee. From the use of the rowan the custom must have been of northern origin ; the 
Scandinavians believe this tree to have magical power, and in their ships have a stitk of it. On the eve 
of .Midsummer day, fires were lighted in every township .... In the end of last and beginning of 
this century all the country was in a blaze.' W. Woodman, 'Old Social Customs of Morpeth.' Hist, 
of Bern-. Nat. Club, vol. xiv.'p. 129. 'English Miscellmius, Raine, p. 37; Surt. Soc. vol. 85. 


grip of the prior and convent too strong to be rela.xed. They replied to his 
requisition by producing a bull from Pope Alexander IV. sanctioning the 
then existing state of things.' All that could be done the archbishop did, 
and that was to order the keeper of the spiritualities of Hexham to visit the 
chapels of St. John Lee, St. Oswald, and Bingfield, with that at Allendale 
and the church of St. Mary at He.xham, and to compel the parishioners to 
amend and supply the roofs, books, vestments, and ornaments which were 
defective or wanting.^ 

The full consequences of the selfish policy of the canons became 
apparent at the dissolution, when it was found that the curate of St. John 
Lee had no beneficial interest in the tithes, but only a stipend of ^4 from the 
prior. This annual payment at the time of Queen Elizabeth's grant of 
the tithes in 1579 to Sir Christopher Hatton, was increased to £b 13s. 4d.'' 
At the time of the Oliverian survey the stipend was _Xi4 13s. 4d.,* and 
upon this pittance the curate depended until an augmentation was obtained 
in 1 750'' from Queen Anne's bounty.^ 

The benefice is in the gift of Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, the lord of the 
manor, and is stated to be of the gross value of ^^325 per annum." 

' Archbishop Greenfield's Register. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 121, 123. - Ibid. p. 123 n 

' Exch. Mill. Acct. 27-28 Hen. VIII. No. loi, m. 5. Aug. Off. Misc. Bks. vol. 281 ; Bailiff's Accounts, 
p. 156. * Arch. A el. 4to series, vol. iii. p. 8. ' Archbishop of York's Papers. 

" The late Rev. Mr. Stokoe purchased for the church of St. John Lee by means of Queen Anne's 
bounty an estate at Catton-lee, near Allendale, for which he gave ^600, and was esteemed so great a 
purchase that before he w rote to the trustees of that bounty he was offered ^200 for his bargain which he 
generously refused, and treated the proposal with contempt. The estate now lets for forty guineas per 
annum, and by his other improvements has increased the living to ^100 a year, which was only ^30 when 
he got in. Newcastle Courant, ist March, 1766. 

' In 1866 the benefice was declared a rectory. London Gazette, 20th November, 1S66. In the District 
Church Tithes .^ct, 1865 (28 and 29 Vic. c. 42), which was an Act passed to extend the then existing 
powers of annexing tithes to district churches, there occurs the following enactment (sec. 9) : ' Where 
tithes of any kind or amount belong to or shall to the satisfaction of the Ecclesiastical commissioners 
be transferred to the incumbent of the church of any parish, chapelrj-, or district, provided such tithes 
arise within such parish, chapelr)', or district, or where any annuity 'shall be granted by the Ecclesiastical 
commissioners to any incumbent in consideration of tithes arising within the limits of his district, and 
now or at any time in the possession of the said Ecclesiastical commissioners, it shall be lawful for 
the said Ecclesiastical commissioners, by instrument under their common seal, to declare that such 
church shall be and be deemed to be either a rectory or vicarage as they may, under the circumstances 
of each case, think proper, and such instrument shall be published in the London Gazette, and take 
eft'ect from the time of publication.' 

Under the provisions of the section just quoted, many churches were declared to be ' rectories,' and 
the incumbents are styled ' rectors.' Instances of this have been noted in the cases of .-Vllcndale and 

Three years later, however, the 31st and 32nd Vic. c. 117, intituled '.An Act to amend the District 
Church Tithes .Act, 1S65, and to secure uniformity of designation amongst incumbents in certain cases,' 
was passed. It is a short Act of two sections, the first of which simply repeals section 9 of the Act of 
1865 above quoted, and the second enacts that the incumbents of certain parishes who are not rectors 
shall be styled vicars. This later .Act is intended to put an end to the confusion created by the repealed 
section, under which incumbents could be styled rectors, although they were not rectors. 

Vol. IV. 17 



A phin,' drawn to scale in 1788, of the allocation of the prescriptive 
seats shows the chapel to have had a total length of 88 feet, of which exactly 
one-half in length had a width of 24 feet, and the other half 17^ feet. The 
eastern part of the narrower portion, 20 feet in length, is marked 'chancel,' 
and seems to have been entered through a narrow opening ; it has also a 
south door. The nave had a south entrance porch. The part called on the 
plan the 'chancel' appears to have been added to the older chancel, and 
the latter being pewed to provide additional sitting accommodation, or it 
may have been an Early Norman church, with an arrangement which some- 
times occurs, having a sort of ante-chancel divided from the part eastward 
by an arch. The present church was practically rebuilt in 1SS6, though its 
most striking feature, the spire, was left untouched. 

The most interesting ancient object connected with the church is a 
grave cover, 7 feet 6 inches in length and 3 feet 8 inches in breadth, with 
matrices which may once have contained brasses. It bears the following 
inscription : ' Hie jacet dominus Johannes de Eryngtoune et Elena u.xor 
ipsius orate pro eis.' It may be compared with a similar one at Thock- 
rington, which is evidently from the same chisel. In the porch are some 
fragments of other grave covers, one of which bears a cross and sword 
rudely cut, and near the parsonage house is a stone pronounced by some 
to be a Roman altar, and by others to be the support of a seventeenth- 
century sun-dial ; the inscription is too much worn to be deciphered. 

' In the possession of Miss AUgood, 1897, who contributes the illustration of the old church. 




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Curates of St. John Lee. 

131 1. John del Clay, presbyter, vicar of the chapel of the blessed John de Lega,' perhaps a kinsman of 
William del Clay, prior of Hexham (1282). 

1479 (before). Dominus Peter de Gunnerton ; he held the kyrkland or glebe of .Saint John Lee, which 
contained 8 acres, and for his stipend had 13s. 4d." 

1479. Sir Thoinas Laveroke, chaplain and parish priest. 

1496. Sir Robert Whitgwam, chaplain and parish priest.' 

1593 (before). Edward Dixon, curate of St. John Lee, was buried 24th Xovember, 1593.' 

1603. John ^L-lughan appointed.* In 1608 the curate of St. John Lee was a customary tenant in 
.A.comb, and paid yearly 4s. 

1633. George Forest.' 

1650. William Lister. His wife was Agnes, only daughter and heiress of Cuthbert Leadbitter of 
Warden, and widow of Robert Wynn of Hexham. William and Agnes Lister sold lands in Warden in 
1625 to Nicholas Leadbitter.' 'Note yt Mr. William Lister, minister of St. John Lees, in these distracted 
times did both marry and baptize all that made their application to him, for which he was sometimes 
threatned by souldiers, and had once a cockt pistoll held to his breast, etc., so yt its no wonder yt ye 
registers for these times are so imperfect, and, besides, they are e.xtreamly confused.' Hexham Register, 
circa 1653. 

1679 (before). George Todd, pastor of this parish, buried in the church 5th March, 1679/80.* 

1680 (circa). Leonard Bentham, who died 25th May, 1720, after having been minister over forty years." 
1720. Edward Tweedale was ordered deacon at Rosecastle, 30th May, 1718, by William, bishop of 


1734 (circa). Alexander Stokoe," licensed and admitted curate, 4th February, 1734 ; was also master 
of Hexham grammar school ; he died at an advanced age," and was buried 22nd February, iyC>6.'- " 

1766. Bryan Leek," M..A., 46 years curate'^ of this parish, buried 21st August, 1812, aged 76.'* 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 124. -Ibid. p. 6. ' English Misc. Raine, p. 48. Surtees Soc. 

' Hexham Register. ^ Auditors' Enrolments Land Revenue, vol. xiii. p. 162, Record Office. 

" Randal, State 0/ the Churches. ' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 409. ' St. John Lee Register. 

" 1720, 2nd iMay. Will of Leonard Bentham of St. John Lees, clerk ; my eldest son, Cornelius, I have 
done so much for him, I leave him to the consideration of his mother; to my daughter, Isabel Bentham, 
£^0 ; to my younger son, William, ;^30, and my books ; my daughter, -Anne ; my wife, Anne, executrix. 
Proved at York, 6th July, 1720. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

1770, 8th June. Will of Cornelius Bentham of Chester-le-Street, gent. My lands at Chester-Ie-Street 
to my wife, Phillis, for life, then to my nephew, William Bentham, son of my brother, William Bentham 
of Blackburn, in Lancashire: remainder to my nephew, Cornelius Dobson of .Acomb, son of my late sister, 
Ann Dobson, deceased ; remainder to his brother, John ; remainder to Cornelius Farbridge, son of my 
sister, Isabel Farbridge; remainder to my niece, Anne, wife of Thomas Hall of .^comb. Aly lands at 
.-\comb to Benjamin March of Durham, tallow chandler, and George Charlton of Gateshead, merchant, 
in trust for my brother, William Bentham, for life, then to my nephew, William Bentham. To my brother, 
William Bentham, ^1,000 ; to my niece, Phillis Harbottle, ^400; to her brother, William, and sister, 
Barbara Harbottle, ^20 a piece. To my nephew, William Dobson of ."Xcomb, butcher, son of my sister, 
.■\nne, /^loo ; to my nephew, Cornelius Farbridge of Durham, hatter, .£250 ; to my nephew, Cornelius 
Dobson, ^500; his brothers, John and Leonard Dobson. To my brother, William Bentham, my 
horse, silver spurs, watch, and instruments of surgery. Proved at York, 19th March, 1772. Ibid. 

1773, 2nd Xovember. Will of William Bentham of Acomb, gent. My lands at Crookend, near 
Kendal, and Cowbrand (?) near Blackburn, in Lancaster, to my cousin, William Robson of Hexham, 
mercer, in trust for my son, W'illiam Bentham, he executor. Proved at York, December, 1774. Ibid. 

'"Randal, State of the Churclies. "Newcastle Courant, 22nd February, 1766. 

'" St. John Lee Register. 

" He married at St. John's church, Newcastle, June, 1756, 'Mrs. Wilkinson of this town, a widow lady 
with a fortune of ^2,000.' Nencastle Courant, 6th June, 1756. 

" Randal, State of the Churches. " .-Xnihony Hedley was sub-curate 1S06-1809. 

'" St. John Lee Register. 



1815. Charles Lee,' M.A., was curate for 47 years, and for 37 years lecturer of Hexham, died 13th 
March, 1862, aged 72. 

1862. William Postlethwaite Rigge, B.A., afterwards vicar of Flookburgh, Cumberland, died 4lh 
December, i8g6, aged 75. 

1875. Thomas Kaulkcner of King's college, London, incumbent 14 years, died 4th August, 1S90, 
aged 67. 

1890. Christian Paul Sherman, formerly chaplain at Damascus. 

Monumental Inscriptions. 

In memory of ... Elizabeth, wife of Robert Launcelot Allgood of Nunwick, esq. [who died] Scjiteniber 
7th, 1864. Also of Ann, wife of .Stamp Brooksbank [who died] January 15th, 1853, daughters of John 
Hunter of the Hermitage and Medomsley, esq. 

Subtus conduntur reliquiae viri reverendi Leonardi Bentham hujusce ccclesiac per annos plusquam 
quadraginta pastoris. Obiit anno MDCCXX, Mai die .\xv. Accessit Gulielmus Bentham Leonardi filius 
natu minor. Anno mdcclxxiv et aetatis suae L.xxii. 

Mary Cuthbert, born January 15th, 1821, died April 24th, 1894. 

In hoc tumulo conduntur cineres Johannis Cotesworth de Hermitage, armigeri, et Janae u.\oris ejus. 
Ilia obiit 12'"" die Julii, 1703. Ille ex hac vita decessit 20'"" die Januarii, 1725. Memoriae sacrum 
Annae Cotesworth, Edwardi Heslop Cotesworth de Hermitage, generosi, dilectissimae conjugis, foeminae 
praestantissimae, egregiis animi et corporis dotibus instructae et ornatae, quae vitae hujus finem implevit 
22'" die Martii, 1738/9. 

Here lieth the body of Robert Dawson of Wall, gent., who died the 27th of March, 1729, and also his 
wife, Mary, who died the 12th of April, 1754 (?). Also his son, Robert, who died November the 24th, 
1728. And also John Dawson, esq., another son of the above Robert Dawson, who departed this life 
the 12th April, 1769, aged 42 years, who died lamented by all who knew him. Also Frances, wife of John 
Dawson, esq., who died on the 8th day of May, 1806, aged 41 years. Also John Dawson, esq., husband 
to the above Frances, who died on the 15th day of March, 1807, aged 51 years, and was the last of the 
Dawsons of Brunton. 

In memory of John Donkin of Sandhoe, who departed this life on the 20th January, 1800, aged 
73 years. In memory of Jane, wife of John Donkin of Sandhoe, who departed this life on the 17th of 
November, 1792, aged 57 years. Here lieth the body of William Donkin of Sandhoe, who died 7th of 
March, 1S44, aged 86. Also of Catherine, his wife, who died 14th .-Xugust, 1822, aged 67 years. 

In memory of Ann, Jane, and .Mary Donkin, daughters of the late John and Jane Donkin; they were 
natives of Sandhoe in this parish, where they lived and died greatly beloved and respected. Jane 
departed this life .^pril loth, 1849, aged 83 years; Maiy died September 23rd, 1854, aged 83 years; Ann 
died June 20th, 1858, aged 94 years. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Thomas Faulkener, rector of this parish for 14 years, who 
departed this life August 4th, 1890, aged 67. 

In memoria Richardi filii Caspar et Franciscae Gibson de Riding, qui tenerrima aetate diem obiit 3° 
nonae Maii, 181 r. Et Georgii et Annae ejusdem Gaspari et Franciscae liberorum, qui etiam acerbo 
funere correpti vita funeti sunt mense Novembris anno domini 1816. Necnon ipsius Gaspari Gibson, 
horum omnium patris, qui mortuus est in calendis Martis A.D. 1818, aetatis 51." 

Sacred to the memory of William Harbottle of Anick (irange, who died on the 6th day of August, 
1809, aged 78 years, and was interred within this church. .-Xnd of Ann, wife of the above named William 
Harbottle, who died on the 30th day of April, 1811, aged 68 years. In memory of John Harbottle of 
Anick Grange, who died March i6th, 1853, aged 71 years. Also of Mary Harbottle, relict of the above, 
who died at Hudshaw house, Hexham, October 6th, 1S72, aged 84 years. 

' Charles Lee (born 12th June, 1789) was son of Richard Lee of Leeds, merchant, and married in 1825 
Mary Louisa, daughter of Thomas Ikin of Leventhorpe-house. He owed his preferment to St. John Lee 
to the marriage of his brother, William Lee, with Sophia Wentworth, one of the natural daughters of Sir 
Thomas (Wentworth) Blackett of Bretton. There is a pedigree of the family in Dr. Hunter's Familiae 
Miituniin Gentium. '"' This inscription is somewhat illegible. 


In memory of Ann, daughter of Brian Leeke, master of arts, perpetual curate of the parish. She 
departed this hfe the i6th day of Februar)% 1801, aged near 2i. The Rev. Brian Leeke died August i8th, 
1812, aged 76 years, 46 of which he was curate of this parish. Ann, his wife, died April 5th, 1827, aged 84 
years. Mary, their eldest daughter, died November 14th, 1857, aged 79 years. Frances died June 3rd, 
1870, aged 88 years. 

In memory of the Rev. Charles Lee, M..A., during 47 years perpetual curate of this parish and 37 
years lecturer of Hexham church, who died March 13th, 1862, aged 72. 

Sacred to the memory of Simon Mewburn, esq., of Acomb, who departed this life September i/tli, 
1834, aged 86 years. Also Elizabeth, his wife, who died June 22nd, 1801, aged 28 years. 

Tothememory of Simon Mewburn, who died 5th October, 1872, aged 73, and Margaret, his wife, who died 
31st July, 1867, aged 64; also Simon Mewburn, their eldest son, who died 27th Februarj', 1852, aged 19. 

To the memory of Robert Stokoe of Hexham, who died 29th June, 1882, aged 85 ; Priscilla, his wife, 
who died 13th September, 1868, aged 67 ; John Stokoe, who died i6th Februarj-, 1889, aged 84 ; and 
Juliana, his wife, who died 15th January, 1864, aged 49. 

M.S. Henry Tulip of Fallowfield, ob. 19th November, 1744, aet. 79, leaving issue, Thomas, Henrj-, 
William, John, and Mar>-. Thomas Tulip, his son, ob. 8th August, 1746, aet. 24. Isabel Tulip, relict 
of H. Tulip, ob. 17th September, 1769, aet. 73, and were interred in this church. 

M.S. William Tulip of Fallowfield, ob. 3rd June, 1779, "^'^ 53' ^t Bristol Hot Wells ; and was interred 
in Clifton church. Elizabeth Tulip, his daughter, o&. 26th November, 1786, fl«<. 31. Anne Tulip, relict 
of W. Tulip, ob. 3rd May, 1794, ad. 70, and were interred near this place. 

Sarah, daughter of Edward Tweddle of St. John Lee, clerk, buried 5th April, 1726. 

Here lieth the body of Jane, the beloved wife ot George M. D. Waddilove of Woodhom,in this county, 
esq., she died at Brunton house, 23rd January, 1865, aged 31 years. Also Helen Elizabeth Waddilove, 
daughter of the above, who died at Beacon-grange, on the 6th September, 1866, aged i year 8 months. 

In loving memory of George Marmaduke Darley Waddilove of Woodhom, in this county, late major 
in the Bengal army, who died at Brunton house, 6th March, 1887, aged 63 years. 

The following notices are selected from the parish register, which begins in 1664 : 

1666, 8th July. Francis Oliver of Woodhead house, and Elizabeth Errington of Beerfront (sic), married. 

1669, 13th April. Henry Cresswell and Ann Holmes, married. 

1671, June 24th. John Whitfield of Whitfield, and Ellinor Lookup of Wall, married. 

1672/3, 19th March. William, son of .Mr. Thomas Sanderson, buried. 

1673, 8th May. Ralph Lampton and .Mary Hill of Fallowfield, married. 

1676, 15th June. John Blackoe of Lead works, and Ann Congleton of Cockley, married. 

1676, 30th March. Nicholas Blackett of Fallowfield, buried. 

1676/7, 9th Januar>'. William, son of John Blackett, gent., of Fallowfield hall, baptised. 

1679, 3rd July. Ralph Haggerston of Fallowfield, buried. 

1679, loth July. John Hawdon of parish of Haltwhistle, and Mary Fenwick of parish of W helpington, 

16S1, 2nd August. Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Samuel Wilson of Bingficld, baptised. 

1681, 13th September. Robert Soulby of Anick Grange, and Martha Wcaklific of Middleton, married. 

16S8, December. Grace Todd, widow of George Todd, senior, formerly pastor of this parish, buried. 

1689, loth October. Mary, daughter of Thomas Mayor of Fallowfield hall, buried in the church. 

1706, nth November. John Dagleas and Margaret Sureties of .-\comb, married. 

1709/10, 20th February. Frances, daughter of William Bacon of Hermitage, baptised. 

1716, I2th April. William Harbottle of Anick Grange, buried. 

1716, 2ist October. Thomas Alder of Bedlington, and Margaret Wilkinson of Hallington mill, married. 

1716/7, 1st Februarj'. Elizabeth, illegitimate daughter of John Shafto, officer of excise at Hartlepool, 
and -Alice Stote of Hedworth, co. Durham, baptised. 

1718/9, i2th Februar>% Nicholas, son of John Lampton of Fallowfield, baptised. 

1724, 31st May. Sarah, daughter of Edward Tweddale, clerk, of St. John Lee, baptised. 

1728/9, 24th March. Elizabeth Cartington, Woodhead, buried. 


1730, 28th July. Hcnrj' Carr of .Slaley, and Elizabeth Atkinson of Hill head, married. 

1732/3, 17th January. Mr. Robert Dent and Mrs. Ann Carnaby, married. 

1733, 25th October. Mr. Robert Fenwick of Woodhead, buried. 

1738, 8th June. Mary, daughter of Mr. George Coulson of Brunton, baptised. 

1754, 3rd January. Harbara, wife of Mr. Michael Harbottlc of Anick Grange, buried. 

1758, 2ist March. John Witherington of the Chesters, buried. 

1760, 6th January. Elizabeth Kirsop of Houghton, aged 106, buried. 

1 761, 23rd February. Mr. Robert Lorran of Beaufront Woodhead, buried. 

1768, 15th October. Michael Harbottlc of Anick Grange, buried. 

1769, i6th April. Mr. John Dawson of Brunton, buried. 

1773, 2gth June. Mark Carr and Mary Hcdley, both of St. John Lee, married. 

1774, 2Sth .May. Mr. William Bentham, .A.comb, buried. 

1777, 2ist April. Brian Leek, parish of St. John Lee,clcrk, and Ann Hemsley, parish of Hexham,married. 
1791, i8th October. George Coats, chapelry of Haydon, and Mary Potts of this parish, married. 
1791, 29th December. Archer Lee of parish of South Shields, and Deborah Cook, chapelry of Bing- 
field, married. 

1794, 6th March. Mr. Robert Bullock of the Woodhead, aged 85, buried. 

1806, I Ith May. Frances, wife of John Dawson, esq., of Brunton house, buried. 

1807, i8th March. John Dawson, esq., of Brunton house, buried. 

1808, 14th August. Edward, son of the Rev. Anthony Hedley, assistant curate of this parish, buried. 
1812, 9th .\ugust. Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Samuel Dees, born at Greencarts, parish of Simon- 
burn, baptised. 

1829, 1st July. Matthew Carr, parish of St. Nicholas, Newcastle, and Phoebe Dawson Lambton of 
this parish, married. 

1832, 7th June. Joseph Brooksbank, esq., and Susanna James, both of this parish, married. 

Ch.\rities, \'isit.\tions, EIC. 

Thomas Errington of Bingfield hall, gent., by will dated 20th November, 1677, devised ;f 10 a year to 
a free school to be paid out of his lands at Bingfield East Quarter, and ^5 a year to the poor of the parish . 
of St. John Lee to be paid out of Bingfield.' 

Ursula Mountney of Stonecroft, widow, by will dated i6tli July, 1680, devised iiitir uliu 20s. a year to 
the poor of St. John Lee to be paid out of her lands at Stonecroft and Nunbush in the parish of Warden.' 

1720, .April. Office against John Coatsworth and Margaret Carr, widow, for antenuptial fornication; 
they were married by Mr. Lyant, vicar of Ovingham, by licence from Durham as of parish of Ovingham, 
though both of Hexham. 

1720, April. Office against Robert Grey and Susanna Errington for the like. Grey proves that he 
was married by Mr. Edward Tweedale, curate of Corsenside and Thockrington, in a private room at 
Woodheads, parish of St. John Lee, at four in the afternoon without banns or licence. 

1 72 1. Office against William Bentham and Phillis Harbottlc, married without banns or licence. 
1725. Office against Edward Tweedale, St. John Lee, clerk, for being several times drunk. Received 

church reproof. Was suspended 3rd July, 1728.^ 

1751. Office against Nicholas Rowell and Thomas Hutchinson, churchwardens of St. John Lee for 
1749, for neglecting to exhibit a copy of their parish register. They appeared with Mr. Alexander Stokoe 
their minister and owned their neglect which it is not in their power (as they now say) to recover, their 
register having been stolen out of their church about the latter end of last March.' 

1764. Robert Andrews by will gave ^10 to the poor of Bingfield, and ^20 to the poor of Anick and 
Sandhoe, the interest is paid yearly out of land surrendered for that purpose, 17th June, 1772, by Slaughter 
Clarke and Honour his wife. 

27th October, 1792. Confirmation to John Hunter, esq., and his family of a seat inside the great isle 
in the church of St. John Lee, late belonging to Mr. Jasper Gibson and others.* 

' This charity is said to be lost, and is not mentioned in the Charity Commissioners' Report of 1830. 
^ Ritschell, Tynedale Charities. ^ Canon Raine, Notes of York Facuity Books, etc. ' Ibid. ^ Ibid. 




The township of Acomb/ now generally described as West Acomb, to 
distinguish it from another township bearing the same name, in the parish of 
Bywell St. Peter, has an area of 2,879 acres. Its population, which has 
greatly fluctuated during this century, was at the last census returned at 
900." It has a broad base upon the North Tyne and Tyne rivers, and 
narrows as it ascends in a north-easterly direction towards the Roman Wall. 
In this higher part is 
Acomb fell," with an 
elevation at Hang- 
man's hill^ of 775 feet 
above sea-level ; the 
other higher parts are 
at the Hemmel, the 
Fern hill, Carr hill, 
and Silver hill. To the 
right and left of the 
fell flow the Birkey 
burn and the Red 
burn. On the high- 
way between Hexham 
and Wall is the Ladv 

Cross bank, where the socket of an ancient cross, believed to be one of the 
sanctuary crosses of Hexham, though not /;/ situ, is now placed.^ 

The village of Acomb is situated at the foot of the fell, and consists 
of a single street running east and west, with roads leading ofl^ from the 

' Acomb, pronounced in the immediate locality Yekam, and elsewhere in the district Ak'am. 

' The Census Returns are : 1801,532; 1811,529; 1821,533; 1831,523; 1841,571; 1851,635; 1861, 
800; 1871,951; 1881,1,056; 1891,900. 

' On Acomb fell, near Hexham, is a brown argillaceous earth, with a yellowish cast. It is harsh to 
the touch, tough and ductile. Thrown into water, it makes an ebullition, with a slight noise, and after 
sometime moulders to a powder, a little gritty. It efFer\esces with aqua fortis. In the fire it acquires a 
dull reddish brown. It was lately used in making a fine black earthenware by a person well skilled in 
the figuline art from Staffordshire. Wallis, Kcrthumbcrlaitd, vol. i. p. 43. 

* Not far south-west from St. Oswald's chapel is a curious hill called Hanging Shaws, with several 
gradations of artificial terraces on its sides. Gentleman's Mag. 1832, pt. i. pp. 581, 582. 

^ Cf. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. p. 61 n. 


centre of the village to north and south. It has on its south side the old 
heavily-built house of the Mevvburns, and until recently was largelv occupied 
by coal and lead miners. 

At the end of the thirteenth century the town of Acomb was of small 
value, for to the subsidy of 1295 ten tenants contributed about ten shillings 
only;' and in 1331 the archbishop was induced, on account of the prevailing 
scarcity, to remit the arrears of the ferm of John de Coastley. The latter 
mav have farmed the demesne lands, for in 1351 Acomb is not enumerated 
among the possessions of his son of the same name.' 

The prior and convent had a tithe grange and a garden, containing a 
rood, for which, in 1479, Peter de Gunnerton paid a rent of 12s. They also 
possessed the tithes which, in 1536, were worth £2 13s. 4d.^ 

The Town of Acu.\r Muster Roll, 1538.* 
Edward Kell, Wyllam Armstrong, John Armstrong, W'illni Chekyn, VVillm Lee, Edward Byrk, 
Gilbert Pateson, John Spayn,° John Chekyng, able with hors and harnes. Nicolles Armstrong, Robert 
Spayn, John Dayll, Ric. Armstronge, Christofer Smythe, Ric. Lee, Matho Lee, Ric. Chekyn, Thomas 
Armstrong, Richard Armstrong, Robert Spayn, John Lee, Willm Smythe, Robert Chekeyn, John Spayn, 
Willm Spayn. naither hors nor harnes. Richard Helinyly, Geo. Helmyslay, John Hclmyslay, Alle.x 
Armstrong, Ric. Lee, Robert Armstrong, John Marchall, Ric. Pateson, harnesyd and no hors. 

The survev of 1547 gives details of the conditions of ownership of the 
husband lands, which in number were apparently 28j, besides which there 
were coatlands or cottages ; the rent of the copyholders in all amounted 
to ;^20 14s. 3|d. There were 30 acres of demesne lands at Widehaugh, 
then held by Lady Carnabv at a rent of 30s., but formerly belonging to 
the prior of Hexham ; the herbage of the wood called Akewood yielded 
£■1) 14s. 8d., and the mill, held bv William Armstrong, 3s. 4d., making 
a total rent from the vill and township of ^26 2s. 3|d. John Chicken 
was the grieve.^ 

The survey of 1608 contains some details unnoticed in, or differing 
from, the preceding one, for the division is now termed a grieveship, and the 
tenants are classed under the three heads of copyholders, customary tenants, 
and leaseholders. Both the moieties of Bucliffe, Hallington, etc., are included 
in the rental.' 

' Their names are given in vol. iii. p. 33. "• Cf. p. 10 \siih Coastley]. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 167. * Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 188. 

' John Armstranng, John Spane, Richard Leyghe, George Helmesley, Willm Armstrang, Percevelle's 
son, Rolland Annstranng, Thomas Leyghe, Hob Chcken, and Roger Robson, were the nine men of Acom 
appointed to go to Berwick in tyme of necessite (in the reign of Henr>' VII I.). Hexham Priory, Raine, 
vol. i. p. cix. preface. " Vol. iii. pp. 68, 69. ' Ibid. pp. 100-102. 


Situated as it was on the north side of the Tyne, Acomb was more 
exposed to the forays of the Scots than Hexham ; it was ravaged in 1315/ 
and about 1467 the village was burnt by a marauding party, to the loss of the 
archbishop, who retaliated by excommunicating the offenders. The sentence 
was proclaimed in the churches and chapels within the jurisdiction of the 
prior on Sundays and festivals during the celebration of the mass when the 
congregations were largest.' From the following petition' addressed in 1626 
to Charles I., it is evident that eighty years previously, or about the year 
1546, Acomb,* as well as the hamlet of Wall, had again suffered from the 
same enemy : 

To the king's most excellent majestie : 

The humbell peticon of the loyall subjects the coppiholders and customary- tenants of inheritance 
within the two townes of Wall and Acomb, parcell of the manner of Hexham, in the counti of Northumber- 
land, according to the customes of the same manner. 

Humbly sheweth unto your gratious majestie : That tyme whereof the memory of man is not to the 
contrary, the most of all the laundes and tenements within the said mannor were auncientlythe possessions 
of the archbushopric of Yorke, untill about ye 36th yeare of King Henry VIII.; that the same laundes and 
possessiones came to the Crowne by exchange, since which tyme, as also before, the same laundes and 
possessiones weare alwayes holden. and that ar and ought to be holden, by the tenants thereof as coppihold 
and customarj' landes, by copy of Court Roll, to them there heires and assigns for ever, according to the 
custome of the said mannor of Hexham, and soe have bene alwayes by your subjects and all there 
ancestors, paying therefor yearely to your majestie and your predecessors the rent accustomed, and doing 
there suite and services at the courte of the said manner. The title of which landes being heretofore 
questioned by ye officer of your majestie's most royall father of blessed memory, was [on] view and 
perusall of auncient surveys, remaining of records in your majestie's Court of Exchequer and other there 
evidences, approved and so hath continewed ever sine, and your subjects' ancestors, and predecessors 
have accordingly payed the [fines and] done theire services according to the antient custome of this 
mannor. All which notwithstanding, some persons knowing the poverty and distress of your poor 
subjects dwelling far remote in the northern parts, and that the old copyes of Court Rolls whereby they 
did hold theire copy-hold estates, weare either burned by cunning when ye said two townes weare burned 
about 80 yeares since, or stolne by theives who herryed theire bowses, and ihat they had few or no old 
evidences to showe towching theire auncient estates, have upon untrue suggestions, and for theire owne 
private gaine to oppresse your subjects by extreame compositions and multiplicity of suits, obteyned a 
lease from your late gratious father, in November before his majestie's death, of so many of the said 
customary tennements and lands in Wall as amounteth in yearely rent to 8" l8» 5", and of so many 
customary tenements and lands in .-Vcam as amounteth in yearely rent to 19'' 8' 9'', for the tearme of three 
lives in the name of one Richard Isaacke, when there was no lord there, and without the permission of 
your orators, and without any consideracon at all to your said gratious father, other then the reser\-ation 
of the said auncient yearlie rente, which alwayes have bene payed by your subjects' ancestors, and are now 
yearely payed by your orators, and the said pretended lease is neither inrolled before your majestie's 
auditor, nor any rent so much as tendred to your majestie's receivor upon the same, and the said Richard 
Isaacke hath, by his assignes, now comenced suit against some of your majestie's subjects in your highnes 
Court of Exchequer Chamber, upon the said lease, which suite your subjects are inable to defend in regard 
of their remote habitations and miserable poverty. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. preface xci. " Ihitl. vol. ii. p. I 53. 

^Hexham Manor Rolls, 17th October, 1626. 

' In 1552, four men of the inhabitants of .\conib were appointed to keep the night watch at Choller- 
ford : the setters and searchers were Wm. .-Xmistrong and John Spain. Xicolson. Bonier Lai^s. p. 170. 

Vol. IN'. '^ 



May it therefore please your most gratious majcstie (the premisses considered), and for that your 
majesties revenue is more certaine and comodious by the copy-hold estates, which the ancesters of your 
majestie's subjects ever held, till the clerkes of your majestie's courts there by negligence and ignorance 
discontynued, and omitted the same by which your subjects are to pay fines of all admittances, surrenders 
and leases, according to the customc of the said mannor, as theire auncestors formerly did then by the said 
pretended lease, whereby no more is to be payed for 3 lyves then the auncicnt rent now and alwayes 
heretofore payed by your subjects and there auncestors, and that your subjects doe humbly desire to be 
restored to there former copy-hold estates by copy of Court Roll, (which will bring to your majestie, your 
heires and successors great yearcly benefitt and profitt), to referr the examination and determination of 
your subjects' estates, and the title of the said Richard Isaacke and his assignes concerning the said 
lands in Wall and Acam, to your majestie's high treasurer of England, and to direct that such order as 
his lordship shall make therein may be ratified and confirmed by decree of your majestie's said Court of 
Exchequer Chamber, for the perpetuall contynuance and success thereof whercunto your poore subjects, 
being in number with there wyves and children 300 persons, do humbly submitt themselves. And they 
shall daly pray, as there bounden dutyes, for your majestie's most happy raigne long to continue. 

Tenants in Wall. 
Matt. Kell 
Ric. Ley, jun. 
Edw. Kell 
Wm. Dawson 
Lancelott Storoe 

Geo. Kell 
Edw. Dawson 
Robt. Robson 
Robt. Robson, jun. 
Robt. Kell 

Ric. Ley 

Wm. Robson injur, uxor. 

Alice Simpson 

Tho. Kell 

Nich. Trumbell 

Wm. Ley, sen. 

Jo. Spaine, infant 

Jo. Charlton, jun. jur. ux. 

Cuthb. Smyth, infant 

Robt. Chicken 

Tho. Hutchinson 

Rob. Hutchinson 

Tho. Smyth 

Matt. Armstrong 

Ric. Lev, sen. 

[? Tenants in Acomb.] 
Jas. Chicken, infant 
Jo. Armstrong 
Ric. Ley, jun. 
Tho. Ley 
And. Armstrong 
Wm. Ley, sen. 
Jo. Hemsley 
Wm. Heslopp 
Jo. Chicken 
Jarrard Armstrong 

Robt. /\rmstrong, sen. 
Robt. Armstrong, jun. 
Rowland Rey (? Ley) 
Wm. Kell 
nfant (ieo. Pearson 
Robt. Pearson 
Nich. Amistrong 
Wm. Ley, jun. 
Arthur Ley 
Edw. Ridley 

In the middle of the seventeenth century, a great controversy arose 
between the freeholders of Anick who claimed, and the copyholders of 
Acomb who demurred to their claim, the right of eatage, intercommon, or 
rake, not only upon Acomb fell, but upon the infields of Acomb. A suit 
was begun in the Court of Chancery, and ultimately both complainants and 
defendants agreed to abide by the award of John Ord of Barker-house, gent., 
John Hudspeth of Anick Grange, gent., George Allgood of He.xham, and 
George Gibson of Westboat-house, yeomen. The award of the arbitrators, 
with the assent of William Fenwick of Hexham abbey, esq., the umpire, was 
made on the ist March, 1655/6, and confirmed to the tenants of the town 
of Anick intercommon on Acomb fell, and ordered that they should not 
herd any of their cattle upon the parcels of ground called Bishop's Leazes, 
Matthews-house, and Hackman Clewe, or upon 'any part or parcel of the 


said moore or fell of Acomb which hath formerlie been enclosed, or which 
the said John Armstrong the elder, and the above mentioned defendants, or 
anie other of the inhabitants of the said towne of Acomb can prove hath 
been in rigg and reine belonging to the said towne of Acomb.'' 
In 1663 the proprietors of lands in Acomb township were : 

Christian Armstrong, widow, Acomb mill, who was rented at £1 5s. od ; John Armstrong, ^6 ; John 
Armstrong, junior, £/^ los. ; John Armstrong, £jb; Ann Armstrong, £\ los. ; Richard Armstrong, 
£,1 los. ; John Charlton, ^4 los. ; Dorothy Canot, i8s. ; Alice Chicken, ^5S. 8s. : John Chicken, £■}> » 
Sir William Fenwick, tithe; Thomas Heron, £\ los. ; Thomas Hemless, tithe, £i> 15s. ; Robert Hogg, 
7s. 6d. ; Archibald Hobkirk, ^4 los. ; Mrs. Katherine Heslop for Heslop's land, ^55; Thomas Kell, 
£■] los. ; John Kell, £z 15s.; George Lee, 12s.; John Lee, £5; Thomas Lee, £(i \ Nicholas Lee, 
£(i ; Rowland Lee, 16s. ; John Lambert, i8s. ; Robert Pearson, ^8 2s. ; John Smith, ^6 15s. ; Richard 
Spaine, £2 Sd. ; George Spain, 15s. Total, ^148 19s. 6d. 

It will be noticed that many of these surnames are the same as those 
which occur in the petition of 1626 previously quoted. 

The following will is that of one of these proprietors, or perhaps that of 
his son of the same name : 

Will of John Charleton of .\comb, yeoman, dated 28th Januar>', 1694/3. To my eldest sonn John 
Charleton, two oxen and two horses with long waine and short waine, with plough and plough irons, with 
husbandry gear thereunto belonging, to enter upon at the age of one and twenty years, with the ground 
sown and covered. Item, I give to my second sonn William Charleton, one long waine and one short 
waine, with plough and plough irons and husbandry gear thereunto belonging, to enter upon as soon as he 
accomplishes ye age of one and twenty years. Item, I give unto my third sonn George Charleton, one 
dwellinghouse and one bame adjoining thereunto, with one yard or backside with two butts of 
meadow ground at ye end thereof now in ye possession of John Cresswell for ye said George Charleton, 
etc. Item, I give out of that moyety or farmhold which my son William Charleton was fyn'd in or which 
may befall his share on this late division of lands according to his proportion what rents as may accrew 
over and above ye sesses, taxes, or what may be e.xpended on suits of law or otherwise to be equally distri- 
buted betweene my son George Charleton and my youngest son Thomas Charleton by my executrix. To 
my daughters Margaret and .^nn Charleton, ^30 apiece. To my son John Charleton, one beddstead with ye 
bedding belonging and one cupboard, both standing in ye forehouse chamber, together with fowerteen 
furr deals. To my son Thomas, £\o. Rest of my goods to my loving wife Ann Charleton ; she 

Thirty vears later the lord of the manor and the tenants of Acomb, who 
were seised in fee simple or by copy of Court Roll of certain lands within the 
townfields Iving common and undivided, dispersed and intermixed, agreed 

' The complainants in the Chancer)' suit were John Charlton, Thomas Hutchinson, Robert Smith, 
Edward Errington, Nicholas Fairiamb, and other the freeholders of .-Xnick, and the defendants were John 
Armstrong the elder of .^comb, William Lee the elder alias 'Blyth Nook,' John .Armstrong fl/wi Matthew, 
John .Archbold Hobkirk, John Chariton. Richard Armstrong', Thomas Kell, William Smith, Thomas 
Hemsley, Nicolas Lee, James Chicken, John Kell, William Lee the younger, and other the copyhold 
tenants of the town of .Acomb. From a copy in the Bell Collection transcribed from the original award, 
which, in 1835, was in the possession of Mr. Robert Leadbitter of Newcastle, solicitor. 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


to divide the same, and appointed Arthur Shafto of Bingfield, gent., Hugh 
Rowell of Sandhoe, Christopher Lee and John Liunlev of Wall, yeomen, 
commissioners for that purpose.' 

The out-field known as Acomb fell or moor, containing 1,260 acres, 
upon which the township of Anick had intercommon or grazing rights, 
remained unenclosed until 1779, when it was divided under an x'lct of Parlia- 
ment." The lay tithe owners, viz., Henry Errington of Sandhoe, who held 
three-fourth parts, and Isabel and Frances Bacon of Newbrough, spinsters, 
who held the remaining one-fourth of the rectorial or corn tithes, and Sir 
Thomas Blackett, who possessed a modus of 19s. 4d. in lieu of the hay 
tithes and all other vicarial tithes, consented to take lands in satisfaction of 
their right, and most of the copyholders availed themselves of the offer. 
The commissioners appointed to carry the Act into execution made their 
award 9th April, 1779, by which, after reserving the sporting rights and 
minerals (except the lead mines which belonged to Sir Edward Blackett) to 
Sir Thomas Blackett, the lord of the manor, they set out various public 
roads, covering about 44 acres, and two public freestone quarries, containing 
about 1 1 acres, and allotted 45 acres, being one-sixteenth, to the lord for his 
consent to the division, and 339 acres to Henry Errington, 50 acres to Isabel 
and Fi-ances Bacon, and 103 acres to Sir Thomas Blackett, in lieu of their 
respective tithes and modus. The remainder was divided into the following 
acreages, fractions being omitted : 

The Kcv. Tlios. Coulter for lands which he held as curate of Allendale, 4 acres ; John Armstrong, 
I ; William Armstrong, 13 ; Isabel and Frances Bacon of Newbrough, spinsters, for their lands called 
Chairhead, 36 ; the devisees of Cornelius Bcntham, 26 ; the Rev. Brian Leek for land which he held as 
curate of St. Mary, Bingfield, 5 ; .Sir Thomas Blackett, 10 ; Matthew Carr, 10 ; Rev. Ralph Carr and 

' The award was m.ide in 1694, and the following tenants were party to the divison. (Where no place- 
name follows the surname the place of abode was Acomb) : John Armstrong the elder, glo\er ; John 
Armstrong the younger of Nincbanks, an infant under the tuition of Edward Robson of Ninebanks, 
yeoman ; Symond Armstrong, yeoman ; Jane Charlton, widow ; John Charlton the elder ; John Charlton 
the younger, yeoman; John Coatsworth of .South .Shields, gent.; William Dawson of Wall, yeoman; 
Joseph Dodd of Rye hill, yeoman ; Francis Elliot of Whitehill, yeoman ; Edward Fletcher of Ovington, 
yeoman ; Robert Gyll, yeoman ; John Helmsley, yeoman ; George Kell, yeoman ; John Lambert, 
yeoman, as infant under the tuition of Margaret Lambert, widow ; William Lee of the Croft in Acomb, 
yeoman ; William Lee of Smeethaires in Acomb, yeoman ; William Lee, blacksmith ; William Lee of 
Hexham, joiner ; John Lee, yeoman ; Thomas Lee, yeoman ; George Nicholson, yeoman ; Robert 
Nicholson, yeoman ; Thomas I'attinson, yeoman ; Robert Pearson of Errington, yeoman ; Mrs. Ann 
Pratt of Acomb mill, widow ; William Smith, yeoman ; John .Spain, yeoman ; John Surties, yeoman ; 
Robert Thompson, yeoman ; and Elizabeth Walker of Newcastle, widow. Bell Collection. 

°An Act for dividing and inclosing a certain common moor or tract of waste land called Acomb 
Common within the regality or manor of Hexham. 18 George III. The award was enrolled at the 
Quarter Sessions held at Hexham, 14th July, 1779. The enrolment is with the clerk of the peace at the 
Moot hall. 


Mar>' his wife, I ; George Charlton, 14 ; William Charlton, i ; John Dagleas, shovel maker, I ; John 
Dagleas, glover, 3 ; Thomas Dagleas, i ; John Dobson, i ; William Dobson, i ; Joseph Dunn, 41 ; John 
Errington, esq., 11 ; Henry Errington, esq., 100; Jasper Gibson, 48; Thomas Gibson, i ; Thomas 
Hemsley, i; Peter Hewitson, i; Thomas Kirsop, 6; John Kitchen, 5; Thomas Lee, 17; William 
Lee, 7 ; Simon Mewbum the elder, esq., 182 ; Simon Mewbum the younger, 2 ; George Mowbray, esq., 
16 ; Edward Nicholson, 7 ; Thomas Nicholson, 9 ; Michael Pearson, esq., 29 ; John Ridley. 16 ; Thomas 
Ridley, 8 ; Robert Salmon, 5 ; Christopher Soulsby, esq., 17 ; John Stephenson, i ; William Stokoe, 
I ; John Surties ; Isabel and Mary Thompson, spinsters, I ; Robert Walker. 

Amongst the families who have for many generations been land owners 
in Acomb are the Lees and Armstrongs. The latter family is now repre- 
sented by Mr. W. R. Mewburn, whose pedigree is here given. The 
following wills, etc., afford some details of the former family : 

1596, 8th June. Administration of John Lee of Acomb granted to Thomasine, wife of John Kell, 
late his wife ; reservation to William and Mabel Lee his children. 

1667, 8th October. Will of Thomasine Lee, widow, late wife of Thomas Lee of .-\conib. To be 
buried at St. John Lee. My son Thomas Lee, my daughter Ann Lee ; my father Archibald Hobkirk 
e.xecutor. Proved June, 1668. 

1685, nth April. Administration of Ellenor Lee of .A.comb granted to Cuthbert Lee her husband. 

1693, 19th July. Administration of John Lee of Acomb granted to William Lee his son. 

1694, 25th June. Probate of the will of William Lee of .^comb granted to William Lee his son. 
1704, 1st August. Administration of Christopher Lee of Wall granted to George Lee his brother ; 

William Lee, the father, renouncing. 

1704, nth August. Will of Thomas Lee of .^comb, yeoman. To my loving wife Alice Lee the 
rents of all my lands in .'"icomb till my eldest son John Lee be 2t. My lands in Acomb in a place called 
Jackfield, etc., to my second son, William Lee ; the water corn mill near .Acomb and the Kirke close to 
my third son Henry Lee. To my daughter, Ann Lee, £60. Residue to wife ; she executor. Proved 
21 November, 1704. 

1760, l6th April. Probate of the will of John Lee of Acomb granted to .Allison his widow and sole 

1764. To be sold several houses, closes of land, and a very convenient and well fitted up potter\- for 
all sorts of brown, black, and tortoise shell ware, situate within twenty yards of the village of Acomb, etc., 
lately belonging to Mr. William Lee, but now to Mr. John Lee, his son. Ncu'castU Courant, 17th 
October, 1764. 

The mill of Acomb is described in 1226 as being on or near the 
Kirkeburn,- a rivulet which, a hundred years later, is called the Birkeburne. 
On land lying beyond it the prior and convent had common of pasture to 
which thev were desirous to obtain a more convenient access than what they 
already had, and which ultimately they succeeded in obtaining.' In 1547 
William Armstrong held the mill at a rent of 3s. 4d., and in 1663 Christian 
Armstrong, widow, was rated for the same at £2 5s. Mrs. Ann Pratt of 
Acomb mill, widow, was party to the division of the townfields in 1694, and 
in 1699 John Errington surrendered Kirkburn mill and Kirk close to John 

' Raine, Test. Elwr. = Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 92. 

3 Ibid. vol. ii. pp. 92, 135, 136. * Hexham Manor Rolls. 




Simon Armstrong of Acomb ; will dated 25th 
Manh, 1728 ; proved same year (c). 

Ann Hobkirk of Acomb ; married 
1st Jan., 1683 (a). 

James Mf.WRURN of = Jane, daughter and heiress of Simon Armstrong 

Seaton Delaval m 
1728 ; in 1734 
voted for lands in 

of Acomb ; born July, 1684 ; as a widow 
resided at Southwick, co. Durham, but died 
at Acomb ; administration granted to son 
Simon, loth Oct., 1737 (c). 

John, baptised 2nd 
Feb., 1786/7(3); 
died in father's 

Ann ; buried 
6th March, 
1688/9 (a). 

Simon Mewburn ; succeeded to Acomb un- 
der grandfather's will ; tuition granted 
to father, 12th July, 1728 (c) ; in 1748 
voted for Portgate in Allendale ; buried 
15th April, 1784 (n) ; will dated Sept., 
1 780 ; proved 1 784 (c). 

= Mary, daughter of 
Henry Tulip of 
Fallowfield ; bur- 
ied 4th Oct., 
1779 («). 

. Armstrong ; 
living 1728. 






All mentioned 

in grandfather's 

will, 1728. 

Simon Mewburn = Elizabeth, daughter of 

of Acomb, son 
and heir ; died 
17th Sept., 
1834, aged 86 

... Davison ; mar- 
ried nth August, 
1798 («) ; died 22 nd 
June, 1801, aged 
28 («) (/-). 

William Mewburn, 
baptised 8th 
Sept., 1757 («) ; 
buried 4th July, 
1792 (a). 

Henry Mewburn, born Sept., 
1750; of Newcastle, sur- 
geon ; married Dorothy, 
daughter of Thomas 
Mewl)urn of Standground; 
living 1780. ^ 

Tulip Mewburn, bap- 
tised 17th April, 
1755(a). His wife 
Catherine was 

buried 25th Feb., 

James Mewburn, baptised 30th May, 1743 (a) ; buried 

14th Sept., 1761 (a). 
James Mewburn, baptised 25th Nov., 1762 ; of Trinity 

college, Cambridge; ordered deacon 15th Oct., 1786, 

and licensed to curacy of St. Oswald and Bingfield ; 

died at Acomb, and buried 21st March, 1807, aged 

45 («)■ 

I I 1 I 
Thomas ; buried 3rd Feb., 1752 (a). 
Thomas ; buried 3rd Dec, 1753 (a). 
Thomas; buried 15th Aug., 1754 

Thomas, baptised loth lune, 1756 

Mary ; buried 8th 

Oct., 1752 (a). 
Mary, baptised 28th 

Dec, 1758 (a) ; 

buried 15th Dec, 

1759 («)■ 

Simon Mewburn of Acomb, baptised 
15th Aug., 1799 (a) ; died 5th 
Oct, 1872, aged 73 (/<). 

Margaret, daughter of Henry Richmond of Hums- 
haugh ; married at Simondburn, 20th Oct., 1830 
(if) ; died 31st July, 1867, aged 64 (li). 


Isabel, baptised 5th Feb., 
and buried 24th April, 
1801 (a). 

Simon Henry Mewburn, 
eldest son, baptised 
loth Jan., 1833 (a) ; 
buried 3rd March, 
1852, aged 19 (a). 

VVilii,am Richmond Mew- = Elizabeth Fanny, 

burn of Acomb, bap- 
tised 17th Nov., 1834 
(a); married 24th May, 

daughter of 
Joseph T. Savory 
of VVendover, 

James, baptised l8th June, 1836 (a). 

George Francis, baptised 9th Aug., 1838 (a); died 

24th Dec, 1893. 
John Clayton, baptised 25th Sept., 1840 (a). 
Henry Richmond, baptised !2ih .March, 1843 (a). 
Septimus, baptised 2nd May, died 4th May, 

1844 (a). 
Octavius Robert, baptised 12th Jan., 1847 (a). 

William Claud ; born 24th, died 
30th March, 187 1. 

Simon William Richmond Mewburn, 
born 9th Sept., 1884. 

Dorothea Margaret Richmond, 
born 23rd Oct., 1882. 

In 1747/8 William Mewburn of Seaton lodge voted for lands at Wylam, and Simon .Mewburn of Acomb voted 
for Portgate in Allendale. Poll Book. 

(a) Si. John Le/ Rtgister. 
(/i) M.I. St. John Lee. 

(c) Raine, Teit. Ehor. 

(d) Newcastle Courant, 23rd Oct., 1830. 

1713, 20th April. Will of Thomas Ridley of Acombe mill, miller. My estate of Acombe mill, alias 
Birckburn, alias Kirkburne mill, to Richard Ridley, my son, my wife Anne, and my daughter Catherine 
Ridley. Residue to son Richard ; he executor. Proved 15th February, \ji()l20. 


1757' 3'st July. Will of Richard Ridley' of Acum mill, miller. To my eldest daughter, Ann, £1^. 
My eldest son, Thomas ; my son, John ; my daughter, Elizabeth ; my wife, Jane. My brother, William 
Armstrong of Elrington. My lands and mill at Acomb. Proved 15th December, 1757. 

1782, 8th February. Will of Thomas Ridley of Anicke. My sister, Elizabeth Ridley, £8 per annum. 
My daughter, Ann Scott, ^joo. My daughter, Sarah Winship, ^100. My truthful friends, Mr. Robert 
Bullock of Beaufront Woodhead, gent., and Mr. James White of Lambshield fulling mill, trustees, to 
whom I leave each a guinea, far too small, but my poor girls have been unfortunate. As to the old 
household trumps, give them to Sarah. Probate of will of Thomas Ridley, formerly of Anick, but dying 
at Beaufront Woodhead, granted to .Ann, wife of John Scott, his daughter, l6th June, 1789.- 

At the top of the steep bank leading from the north end of the bridge 
over the Tyne are the two farms of East and West Oakwood, which have 
been recently sold by the persons who derive their title under the will of 
Henry Errington of Sandhoe, or by purchase from such persons, to Miss 
Allgood and Mr. C. W. C. Henderson of the Riding. They represent the 
mediaeval Ackewoode, a place the name of which first occurs in Prior 
Richard's Chronicle, where it is described as ' Unum agrum inter Acuudam 
et Tinam fluvium.'^ In 1226 the prior and convent made over their rights in 
their wood of Acwde or Akwod to the archbishop in exchange for lands lying 
between it and Anick, with other lands at Dotland, Eshells, etc.* When in 
1232 Archbishop Gray demised his Hexham demesne lands to the priory for 
a term of fifteen years, pasturage for si.xteen oxen in Akewood was included 
in the lease, ^ and in 1301 Archbishop Corbridge granted them the use of his 
quarry at Akewood to repair the mill dam at Hexham." In 1547 the herbage 
or grazing of Ackewoode was held by three tenants : John Marshall who paid 
a ferm of 14s. Sd. for two parcels. Lady Carnaby 20s. for that parcel late in 
the tenure of the prior, and the tenants or town of Acomb a rent of 40s. for 
the remainder." 

The principal residence in the township is the Hermitage, which stands 
on a green haugh between the Tyne and the foot of the hill upon which the 
church is situated. Though some part of the house is of an earlier period 
the present building as a whole dates from the beginning of last century, 
when the south front was erected by one of the Coatsworth family. It is 
surrounded by well grown forest trees. 

The designation Hermitage carries us back to the davs when St. John 
of Beverley sojourned near the spot, but the first definite mention of the 
place under its present name is in a lease for ninety-two years, granted 2nd 

' In 1722 and 1748 Richard Ridley, and in 1774 Thomas Ridley, of .Acomb mill, polled for freehold 
lands there. Poll Book. 

- Raine, Test. Ebor. ■' Hcxluuit Priory, Raine, vol. i. p. 58. ' Ibid. vol. ii. pp. 91-94. 

* Ibid. \ul ii. p. y6. ' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 107. ' Iliid. vol. iii. p. 69. 


March, 1496, bv the archbishop of York to Nichohis Belvnghani, of a 
tenement called Armytage, with two closes in the forest of Akewood.' 

'Tharmitag' was in the hands of the Crown in 1568," but was subse- 
quently granted by Letters Patent to Christopher Carnaby, and it was in 
1608 the residence of Thomas Carnabv, who was said to hold ' the Hermitage 
and two closes, beinge parcell of the Akewood, bv vertue of a lease not shown 
us,'' these were evidentlv the same premises which were leased to Bellingham 
in 1496. The family continued to hold the estate until the Civil War, for on 
the 13th April, 1653, John Carnaby,'' of the Hermitage, begs of the com- 
mittee for compounding cases confirmation of a lease of the said lands 
granted him by the county committee for four years at ;^48 los., the estate 
not being in the last Act for sale.' 

Immediately afterwards the Hermitage was acquired by a South Shields 
family of the name of Heslop, members of which appear to have resided 
there simultaneously" with some of the former owners. William Heslop of 
the Hermitage was buried in Hexham church on the 15th April, 1648, and 
George Heslop, his son and heir, was admitted of Gray's Inn on the 6th 
November, 1651. In 1663 Mrs. Katherine Heslop was rated at;^30 8s. for the 
Hermitage and the mill, at ;^.55 for lands in Acomb, and at ;^I5 for Hexham 
Westboat. The following document records all that is known of the family : 

1689, 8th July. Will of Edward Heslop of South Shields. 'The thoughts of niy chainge being often 
upon my spirit, and how scone or in what manner God will have me to put of my tabernacle I know not, 
but am expecting a sumons to that work, and least my worldly affaires should then trouble me I thought 
good to put them in order before hand, being very confident I shall have noe cause to make alteracon or 
chainge of anything I have ordered or sett down in this writeinge.' To my cousin, Elizabeth, wife of 
Michael Cotesworth of South Shields, my moiety of the two pans now in the possession of the said Michael; 
remainder to her eldest son, John Cotesworth. To the said John Cotesworth one eighth part of the ship 
'Fortune,' whereof he is now master. To Caleb, William, Charles, and Michael, sons of Michael and 
Elizabeth Cotesworth, all other parts of ships whereof I am owner. To Elizabeth Cotesworth, daughter 
of the said Michael, 'a cabbinet covered with read leather, which is in my great trunck in my closet, with 
all that is in the said box or cabbinet.' To Edward Cotesworth of London, apothecary, son of the said 
Michael, 'ye little trunck in my closet, with all yt is in ye sd trunck.' 

' Reg. Confirm, d Appr. Dec. ct Cap. Ebor. f. 354. ' Feodary's Book, Ixi. ' Cf. vol. iii. pp. 95, 100. 

* 1651, nth .March. William, son of John Carnaby of the Hermitage, baptised: Test. Mr. William 
Fenwick of Wallington, Mr. Ralph Carnaby of Halton, and Madam Grace Fenwick. Hi.xham Register. 

' Royalist Composition Papers, vol. G 73, p. 661. 

" In 1625 Sir John Fenwick of Wallington, in consideration of ^66 13s. 4d., conveyed to Cuthbert 
Heslop of Hexham, cordwainer, two closes of land near the East Boat house, and adjoining the 
'Armilage.' He was of Carter Lonning house, and left three daughters and co-heiresses, Edith, wife of 
Crane Liddell ; Dorothy, wife of John Heslop of the East Boat house; and Mary, wife of William 
Atkinson of Washington ; who had dealings with the place in 17 18. Schedule of Deeds in the possession 
of Mr. Joseph H. -Straker. 

1651, 25th March. William, son of George Bewick, tailor, baptised: Test. Madam Fenwick of 
Wallington, George Heslop of Hermitage, and Dorothy, wife of Cuthbert Heron of Chipchase. Hexham 
Register. ■ Proc. 0/ Xen'casile Soc. of Aiitiq. vol. vi. p. 142. 




Michael Cotf.sworth of Newcastle, hostman ; = Elizabeth ; cousin and heir of Edward 

Heslop (c) ; in 1682 with her husband 
was presented as a recusant. 

24th June, 1670, purchased lease of salt pans at 
South Shields. 

Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Hugh 
Wilkinson of 
South Shields ; 
baptised 5th 
.Aug., 1672 {/>) ; 
married loth 
Feb., 1694 (i). 

John Cotesworthf of the 
Hermitage ; in 1689 
master of the ship 
'Fortune'; voted for 
Carrycoats in 1722, 
and was high sheriff 
of Northumberland in 
1724; buried 23rd 
Jan., 1725/6(0) ; will 
dated 8th Sept., 1725. 

Ann, daughter of 
Matthew Jeffer- 
son of New- 
castle and Bing- 
field,and widow 
of William 

Shafto of Carry- 
coats ; living a 
widow in 1726. 

Hannah. daugh- : 
ter of William 
Ramsay, alder- 
man of New- 
castle ; mar- 
ried at St. 
John's, New- 
castle, gth May, 
1699 (-4). 

William Cotesworth ■ 
of London, after- 
wards of Gates- 
head park and 
of Bellister ; will 
dated 7th May, 
1722 ; proved 

I I 

Watson ; 
she re- 
Dr. Mawer 
(^), vicar 
of Mid- 

Jane; married 28th June, 1745 CO, Henry Bloom, 
and was buried 6th Oct., 1751 Q/}. He was buried 
19th May, 1752 (/). 

Elizabeth ; married 8th .August, 1734, Christopher 
Legge (/). She remarried at Durham, Jan., 1744, 
James Smithson of Monkwearmouth (^). 

I I I 
Robert Cotesworth of Gateshead A daughter, 

park ; will dated 1st March, sub-governess 

1727/S; proved 1729. in Royal 

Ann, or Hannah ; married Henry nursery (^). 

Ellison of Hebburn. 
Elizabeth; married Henry Thomas 


I I 


of London, 


Charles Cotesworth 

of ' Eggleburn,' 

county Durham ; 

dead before 1722 


Michael ^ Catherine .. 

Cotes- Newcastle ; 

worth. 20th Aug., 

when she 

I I I I 
.... of Elizabeth; married 3rd Dec, 1690, 
widow John Emmerson (^). 

1729, A child baptised 4th June, 1659 (i"). 
made A child buried nth Feb., 1667/8 (6"). 
her will (A). Sarah ; buried 6th Nov., 1674 (i). 



Other issue. 

Edward Heslop Cotesworth : 
of the Hermitiige ; as son 

and heir was in 
admitted to East 
Rake (.?) ; died 
buried 6th 
(a) ; will 
Nov., 1741 ; 


proved 1742 


s.p. ; 

Ann Newton 
of Hexham 
Spital ; mar- 
ried 19th 
Nov., 1729 
(a) ; died 
22nd Mar., 
1738/9 id). 

Michael Cotesworth of the Hermitage ; heir = Jane 

to brother. 
■ Now Cotesworth in his hermitage at rest. 
Pronounces himself and our free island blest. 
No wooden shoes are heard, no galley oar 
Is seen upon our hospitable shore. '§ 
He resided more than thirty years in the 
East Indies, where he was governor of one 
of the E.I. Company's settlements, and was 
well versed in Eastern languages. Died of 
gout in the stomach, 2Sth Nov., 1754 (/) ; 
will dated loth June, 1754 ; proved 1755. 

devisee un- 
der hus- 
band's will 
of his real 

John ; 
gth April, 
1698 (a). 

(a) J^egisley of St. John Lee. 

(J,) Register of St. Hilda, South 

if) Proceedings of Neu<c. Soc. of 

Antiq. vi. p. 142. 

(</) M.I. St. John Lee. 
(e) Raine, Test. E/ior. 
(/) Hexham Register. 
(.S) Hexham Manor Rolls. 

(Ji) Sharp MSS. Pedigrees, vol. iii. 

Durham Chapter Library. 
(y) NeuxastU Journal, gth Dec, 1754. 
if') Newcastle Courant, 14th Jan., 1 744. 

P- 433- 

* The pedigrees of the families of Cotesworth and Jurin of the Hermitage are imperfect, for they have not been 
collated with the Abstract of Title. 

t John Cotesworth may have been married more than twice, for Jane, wife of John Cotesworth of the Hermitage, 
was buried 15th July, 1703. St. John Lee Register. 

% 1765, December 19th. Died at Gainford, Mrs. Ma%ver, relict of Dr. Mawer, vicar of Middleton T)-as, where 
she was buried on the 22nd. She was formerly the (supposed) wife of Wni. Cotesworth, esq., of Gateshead, who left 
her an annuity of .^100 for her life. Gyll's Diary. 

§ ' Cheviot,' a Poetical Fragment, by R. W. The reference is of course to the stock toast to the memory of 
the glorious William of Orange 'who delivered us from Popery and brass farthings and wooden shoes.' The wooden 
shoes being the French sabots. 

Vol. IV. 



1670, 24th June. Michael Coatsworth of Xewcaslle, hostman, purchased from Isaac Johnson and 
Margaret, his wife, a dean and chapter lease of salt pans in South Shields. 

1689, 15th September. John Coatsworth of South Shields, master and mariner (son of Michael 
Coatsworth), acquired from John March of Newcastle, clerk, a dean and chapter lease at South Shields, 
which he acknowlcdjjed to be purchased for his father, and with the lattcr's money. 

29th May, 2nd Wm. and Mary, 1690. Indenture between Michael Coatsworth of South Shields, gent., 
and Edward Heslopp of South Shields, gent, (after reciting that Heslop on the May ... inst., by letters of 
attorney, surrendered accocding to the custom of the manor of Hexham all his parcels of copyhold land 
and estates within the said manor and regality of Hexham to the said .Michael Coatsworth and his heirs), 
witnesseth and the said Michael Coatsworth doth hereby testify and declare that the said surrender was 
taken in his name upon the special trusts and confidences hereafter mentioned: (ist) The said Edward 
Heslop to have the rents, issues, etc., for life ; then (2nd) Michael Coatsworth and Elizabeth, his wife, and 
the longer liver of them to receive and enjoy the same, and at their death (3rd) John, Caleb, William, 
Edward, Charles, and Michael Coatsworth and their heirs male, by priority of birth, respectively to 
receive the same, and also the charter (land) and freehold land conveyed by the said Edward Heslop to 
Thos. Liddell of Ravensworth castle by indenture of lease and release 26th and 27th inst. The said 
copyhold land and premises are to be limited to them, the said John, Caleb, etc., etc., and their respective 
heirs male in the terms of the said indenture, and not otherwise. And upon the further trust that if the 
said Edward Heslop so recover of the sickness wherein he is now languishing, the said Michael Coats- 
worth, his heirs, etc., should re-surrender the said copyhold lands, etc., or stand seised of them to such 
use person and estate as the said Edward Heslop should by deed or will in writing signed by three 
witnesses appoint. (Signed) Edw. Heslop. Witnesses : Robt. Heslop, Cuthbert Stokoe, Peter Astell." 

1722, May 7th. Will of William Cotesworth of Gateshead park, esci. To be buried in Gateshead 
church if I dye at my dwelling house in Gateshead. If I dye at or near London to be buried in Covent 
Garden chapell near my late friend Henry Liddell, esq., and the management of my funerall to be at the 
discretion of my dear son, Robert Cotesworth, and my friend Charles Sanderson of London, gent. All my 
mannors, salt pans, etc., to my brother-in-law, Robert Cotesworth of Unthank, esq.," my nephews Charles 
and John Cotesworth, sons of my late brother, Charles Cotesworth of Eggleburn, co. Durham, gent., 
deceased, and William Dent of Swalwell, staithsman (?), in trust to pay debts, etc. : to carry on my salt 
works, collieries, etc., with the advice of George Liddell of Ravensworth castle, esq., George Grey of 
Newcastle, esq., Ralph Featherstonehaugh, and John Airey of Newcastle, gents., until my eldest son be 
24, paying him ^^200 per annum, and my daughters, Elizabeth and Hannah, ^100 each per annum for 
maintenance. My daughters to have ^3,000 each. The children of my brother-in-law, Robert Sutton, 
by Anne, his wife, ^100 each. My sister-in-law, Elizabeth, wife of Robert Cotesworth, ;/;200. My 
nephew, Charles Cotesworth, /^loo, and his brothers and sisters ^150 each. To the poor of the parish of 
Gateshead, ;f50. 

Codicil 12th September, 1726. To Hannah (formerly Hannah Watson), now my affectionate wife, 
and to whom I owe my life, /too per annum for life and .£1,500. Proved 26th February, 1726/7, by 
Robert Cotesworth, the son.^ 

1725, 8th September. Will of John Cotesworth of the Hermitage, esq. A moiety of my lands at 
Bingfield to my daughter, Jane Cotesworth, the other moiety to my daughter, Elizabeth Cotesworth. My 
daughter Jane and my son Edward Heslop Cotesworth executors. Proved 17th March, i7-Sl(>-* 

1727/8, 1st March. Will of Robert Cotesworth of Gateshead park, esq. To my servant Thomas 
Sisson ^loo. All to my two sisters of the whole blood by my late mother Hannah, deceased, daughter 
of William Ramsay, esq., late alderman of Newcastle, also deceased. They executors. Proved 27th 
May, 1729.' 

1741, 14th November. Will of Edward Heslop Cotesworth of the Hermitage, gent. To Elizabeth 
Morton of the Hermitage, spinster, /30 per annum for life. My lands to my brother, Michael 

' Document in the collection of Mr. Richard Welford. 

' 1694/5, 22nd January. Robert Cotesworth and Elizabeth Ramsay, sp. mar. Si. Niclioliis' Register, 
Newcastle. 1723, October 5th. Robert Cotesworth, esq., from Unthank, buried. Hiiltwliisllc KegisUr. 
' Raine, Ebur. ' Ibid. * Ibid. 


Cotesworth and his heirs. My late dear wife. To Margaret Greenwell, widow, daughter of Cuthbert 
Cotesworth of South Shields, gent., £\o. Elizabeth Morton executor. Proved 15th Februar>', 1741.' 

1754, loth June. Will of Michael Cotesworth of the Hermitage, gent. To my wife Jane my house 
in Market Street, He-xham, the tillage called Boat-house, Chambers close, a ferry boat and boat-rake 
called Hexham East Boat-rake from the Water Meetings to the Prior Thorns, etc., also Tombs-house, 
St. Helens, in East Allendale. She executrix. Proved 17th November, 1755." 

1767, 14th October. Probate of will of William Coatsworth of Tombs-house, in the parish of 
Allendale, granted to Ann, the widow and sole executrix.' 

The next owner of the Hermitage was a distinguished son of a dis- 
tinguished father. 

James Jurin, son and heir of Dr. James Jurin, fellow of Trinity college in Cambridge, 1711, and 
afterwards an eminent physician in London, well known and esteemed in the learned world for his 
curious experiments and indefatigable pains in promoting natural knowledge. He was editor of 
Varenius's Geography, published in two octavo volumes in London in 171 1, and author of many learned 
dissertations in the Pliilosophical Transactions. He was fellow of the College of Physicians and of the 
Royal Society, also their secretary on the resignation of Dr. Halley, 1721, and their president some 
months before his death. Physician of Guy's Hospital, governor of St. Thomas's, and styled by 
Voltaire, in the Journal dc Scavans, 'the famous Jurin.' He died 22nd March, i749'5o, in the 66th year 
of his age.' 

James Jurin, the son, was educated at the same college, and was elected 
a fellow of the Royal Society in 1756. In September of the following year 
he married Marv', daughter of John Simpson, alderman of Newcastle, and 
two months later, Benjamin Peile, the learned nonconformist minister at 
He.xham, wrote to him on the Roman inscriptions at Caervoran, as follows : 

With the four volumes of Amelia,^ for which I thank you, I do myself the honour to send you 
enclosed the inscriptions I spoke of. I send the letters themselves that I may have no mistakes to 
answer for in transcribing them. They are, some of them, a little ragged ; but that, I hope, you will 
excuse on account of the family they belong to. My correspondent in the west is no antiquarian, but I 
believe very exact in copying ; and as I desired him to send me none but those that are lately 
discovered, I presume these are all of such. That one marked* I saw myself soon after it was found 
and built up into a wall." As to Mr. Walton,' to whom I only act as caterer, I take a liberty in sending 
his letters, which he knows nothing of. But, sir, I can put confidence in you; and I am, sir, with most 
respectful compliments to Mrs. Jurin and family, etc.* 

He died at his house at Hackney on the 3rd July, 1762, 'after a 
lingering illness, which he bore with uncommon fortitude.'' Shortly after- 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. - Ibid. '' Ibid. 

' Wallis, Northiiniberland, vol. ii. p. 109. For Jurin's dissertations see Philosophical Transactions, Nos. 
355- 3561 358. 359. 361, 362, 363, 369, 373, 379, 470, and 472, which treat upon the following subjects : 
De Potentia Cordis ; on the Causes of Distinct and Indistinct X'ision ; on the Momentum of Running 
Waters ; on Moving Bodies ; the Works of the Learned ( 1739I ; a Letter containing a comparison between 
the Mortality of the Natural Small Pox, and that given by Inoculation, 8vo, Lond. 1723 ; an .Abstract of 
the Case of James Jurin, M.D., written by himself, as relates to his Lixivium for the Stone and Gravel, 
8vo, London, 1752. Cf. Nat. Die. of Biography ; Adamson, Scholars of Newcastle Grammar School. 

* Henry Fielding's then recently published novel. 

' ' In the end of a house at Causey, west from Codly gate.' 

' Vicar of Corbridge, and a great collector of Roman antiquities. Cf. Arch. Ad. xvii. p. 258 n. 

« Stukeley's Diaries, Lukis, vol. iii. p. 136. Surtees Soc. " Newcastle Courant, July, 1762. 


wards an advertisement appeared in the local newspapers that his will could 
not, after the most diligent search, be found. Any person who might have 
the said will in his possession, or could give any account as witness or other- 
wise, was desired to communicate with Sir Edward Blackett or John 
Simpson, esq.' 

The front of the Hermitage, says Wallis, ' was built by the late Mr. Coatsworth, of white freestone 
and hewn work ; the back part and the offices by Mr. Jurin, to whom the whole place is indebted for its 
present genteel appearance. To the east of the house is a small but neat garden, sheltered by a clump 
of tall forest trees. Before it is a grass lawn adorned with small clumps of young trees, and extending 
to a terraced road by the margin of the trout stieams of the river Tyne. To the north-west is a small 
pendant copse, or natural grove, through which is a terrace walk, and at the top of it a seat to rest on. 
Here the melody and harmony of the birds, the whistling winds through the trees, the voice of falling 
waters, and the sight of the town of Hexham, and of that venerable dome, the church of St. Andrew, 
form a most beautiful scene.'- 

John Jukin of London, citizen and dyer (/) = 

James Jurin, baptised 15th Dec, 1684 ; was admitted to Christ's hospital, April, 1692 ; 
of Trinity college, Cambridge, 1702 ; B.A., 1705 ; fellow of Trinity, 1706 ; M.D., 
1716 ((•) ; master of Newcastle grammar school, 1710-15 ; in 1712 edited Varenius's 
Geography ; fellow of and secretary to Royal Society, and president of College of 
Physicians; died at his house, Lincoln's Inn Fields, 22nd March, 1749/50, leaving a 
considerable legacy to Christ's hospital, where he had been educated (c) ; buried at 
St. James', Gaelic hill (/). 

I I I I .1 ,1. . ^ 

James Jurin of Trinity college, Cambridge, M.A., and = Marv, daughter of John Frances ; married William Cotton 

of the Hermitage ; fellow of the Royal Society. 

In 1762 answered at Hexham court for Fine 

Chambers mill (r/). Died at Hackney, 3rd July, 
1762. The Newcastle Courant of 4th Sept., 1762, 
contains an advertisement for his missing will. 
I2th Oct., 1762, administration granted to widow 

Simpson of Newcastle, of Edgeware. 

alderman [? remarried Mary (or Margaret) ; married ... 

3rd Augf., 1773, the .^nn ; unmarried 1770. 

Rev. Ralph Carr of Catherine ; married William Shep- 

the chapelry of St. herd. 

John, Newcastle] {a). Jane ; unmarried 1770. 

(i). Sisters and co-heiresses of James 

James Jurin ; buried 14th April, 1760 (a). Jurin. 

(«) Si. John Lee Register. (c) Brand, Newcastle, vol. i. p. 95. {/) Dictionary of National Biography. 

(<) Raine, Test. Ehor. (</) Hexham Court Rolls. (/) .Munk, Royal Coll. of Physicians, vol. ii. p. 58. 

A pedigree of the family of Hunter of Medomsley, which succeeded 
James Jurin's heirs as owners of the Hermitage, may be found in Surtees's 
Durham? John Hunter of the Hermitage, who was high sheriff in 1805, 
died in 1821, leaving two daughters and co-heiresses, Ann, wife of Stamp 
Brooksbank,' major 3rd West Riding militia, and Elizabeth, wife of Robert 
Lancelot Allgood of Nunwick. Miss Allgood, the daughter of the latter, 
is now owner of, and resides at, the Hermitage. 

' Newcastle Courant, 4th September, 1762. ' Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. iio. 

' Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 289. 

* For particulars of the Jirooksbank family, see Dr. Hunter's Familia; Minorum Gentium. The 
pedigree of the Allgoods falls, naturally, under Nunwick. 



The first mention of Anick' as a distinct manor within the regality of 
Hexham is in the inspeximus of 1298, which records the benefaction of Arch- 
bishop Thomas II. in 1 113,- and the ancient estates of the prior and convent 
seem to have been held as of that manor.' The Black Book mentions lands 
at Wyrthkeryne near Thirlwall, Whytlaw near Whitfield, and Nesbit near 
Stamfordham,' as answering at the court of Anick, and an abstract of title 
to land at Hexham begins with the admittance of the tenant in 1504 at the 
comt of the manor of Anick Grange.' At the dissolution, the priory lands 
were granted to Sir Reginald Carnaby, who demised Anick Grange to 
Margaret Carnaby, who was succeeded by her son David; but in 1568 
they were recovered by Queen Elizabeth as part of the Crown estates." 
As has already been stated, in consequence of the exchange effected in 
1545 between Henry VIII. and Archbishop Holgate, the Crown acquired 
the regality as well as the lands of the dissolved priory, and since then, 
though separate courts have been held, both manors have been possessed 
by the same lord. 

The following townships are members of the manor : Anick, Anick 
Gransie, Bingfield, Kirkheaton, East Matfen, Sandhoe, Warden, and part of 
Barrasford." There are also lands and tenements at Birtley, Chollerton, 
Dalton, Dotland, Eachwick, Gunnerton, Heugh, Kearsley, Kirknewton, 
West Matfen, Newcastle, Prior-house, Prudhoe, Stocksfield, Wall, and 
Yarridee, besides manv houses in Hexham.' These houses received allot- 
ments at the division of Hexham common in respect of their common right, 
and the allotments are accounted to be, and are, within the manor of Amck 

The townships of Anick and Anick Grange" lie on the south-east side 
of Acomb, the former consisting of a narrow strip, nearly two miles in 

' Anick is pronounced ' A— nick ' (the a sounded as in bay) ; it is never ' An— ick.' 
• Hexham Pnory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 107-1 17. ' Cf. vol. iii. p. 57- 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 18, 19, 53. 

^ Abstract of Title of Hexham Priory lands belonging to the late Sir Walter Trevelyan. 
" Exchequer Special Commissions, 10 Eliz. Northumberland, No. 171 1. 
' Dickson, Wards of Northumberland. •'Anick Grange Manor Rolls. 

»The townships of Anick, Anick Grange, and Sandhoe, were amalgamated by order of the Local 
Government Board. London Gazette, 25th Marcli, 1887. The combined township is named Sandhoe. 


length, of the higher ground abutting on the river Tyne, while the latter 
comprises the fertile haugh land alongside the river, further lengthened by a 
bend of the Tyne. Anick has an area of 457 acres, and in 18S1, the last time 
a separate census was taken, it had a population of 153.' Anick Grange has 
an area of 556 acres,' and at the same period had a population of 61. 

When the fundamental change took place which converted Hexham into 
a collegiate or conventual church, Eilaf, the secular priest, who had been 
provost and had removed to Durham, was allowed to retain for his support a 
considerable part of the lands with which the church of Hexham \\as then 
endowed ; amongst them were lands in Anick. ^ 

After the grant by Archbishop Thomas II. in 11 13,'' the next mention 
of Anick is in 1290, when Nicholas de Yetham, Hugh de Hauwyke, and 
Robert de Boceland, acting under a commission from Archbishop Romayne, 
were arbitrators in a suit brought bv Henry del Syde against Robert del 
Svde and Agnes his wife, for a messuage, 22 acres of land, and 2 acres of 
meadow in Avnewike. Not long after this, in 1321, Sir John de Vaux and 
William de Shafthow were appointed commissioners to adjudicate in a 
dispute between the prior of Hexham and Thomas del Syde, the prior 
having claimed a messuage and 24 acres of land in Aynewyk,' which Thomas 
asserted to be his. 

Amongst the Ancient Petitions is one, without date, addressed to the 
chancellor by the prior and convent of Hexham, who assert that they have 
received the manor of Aynewyk within the franchise of Hexham adjoining 
the town of Corbridge, but that ' disputes have arisen between them and 
the people of Corbrigge about a piece of ground called Trepenoke, parcel 
of the said manor of Aynewyk : they pray that a commission of perambu- 
lation may be granted them, addressed to Will, de Aldburgh, Herry de 
Barton, clerk, Rog. de Fulthorp, Elys de Thoresby, John de IMitford, and 
John de Halydene."' 

'The Census Returns for Anick are : 1801, 161 ; 181 1, 169; 1821, 166; 1831, 163; 1841, 146; 1851, 
148; 1861, 137; 1871, 123; 1881, 153. The Census Relurns for Anick Grange .ire : 1801,30; 1811,35; 
1821, 43 ; 1831, 36 ; 1841, 40 ; 1851, 40 ; 1861, 48 ; 1871, 55 ; 1881, 61. Since the date of this last return 
the census of Anick and Anick Grange has been included in that of Sandhoe. 

■ Anick has a water area of 6 acres, and Anick Grange a water area of 50 acres included in the 
recorded acreage. 

■ ' Supradictus vero presbyter, junior .'\eillavus, curam parochiae cum maxima parte beneficiorum, et 
unam carrucatam terrae, cum quibusdam mansis in ipsa villa de Hestaldasham, et sex bovatas terrae in 
Aeilnevvic, scilicet dotem ipsius ccclesiac, cum magna pace et honore dc ipsis canonicis longo tempore 
tenuit.' Prior Richard, book ii. cap. viii. ; Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. 1. p. 54. 

' Vol. iii. 139. ' York Registers, Romanus, i. 93. Melton, f 409 a. 'Ancient Petitions, No. 14845. 


When Thomas Ferrour retired from the office of prior in 1457, he 
obtained from the convent as his pension their lands in Anick, in addition to 
the 'aldechawmbre' and other rooms near the infirmary of the priory, with 
food and dress for himself, his companion, and two servants.' 

The canons themselves held in demesne and farmed Anick Grange, and 
the Black Book fully describes their possessions in 1479.' 

There were, in 1479, twelve busbandlands, each of 16 acres of arable 
and meadow land, and nineteen cottagers, each of whom had a portion of 
land with his cottage, most of them having less than five, though one had 
nine acres. 

The tenants were bound to repair the walls of the mill (which was held 
by Richard Forster of Acomb at a rent of ^3 13s. 4d.), and when necessary 
to work one day with a man at the mill pond.^ 

In the survev of the estates of Hexham priory made at the dissolution 
(of which survey Mr. Beaumont possesses a transcript), the surveyor says: 

Anewyke Villata. Thomas Spayne holdithe a tenement there with edifices, 2 acres medoo in 
Est-myres, 13 acres land arrable in the feldis, with comon in Gotland moore, and rentes by yere 17s. lod. 
WiUiam Huchynson holdith i tenement ther with edifices, 11 acres land arrable, and comon of pasture 
in Gotland moore and rentes by yere 15s. 2d. John Smythe holdithe a tenement there with edifices, 14 
acres land arrable and comon, by yere i6s. 2d. William Greene holdith a tenement there with edifices, 
2 acres medoo and 15 acres land arrable, with comon there, by yere i8s. 3d. Robert Sowerby holdith a 
tenement there, wythe edifices, 2 acres medoo, and 13 acres land arrable, withe comon, and rentes by yere, 
etc., 15s. 2d. John Thomson holdithe a tenement ther callyd Belles leez, conteyning 6 acres land arrable, 
and rentes by yere, etc., los. Roger Roljinson, holdith a tenement ther wyth edifices, 2 acres medoo, and 
l8 acres land arrable in the feldis, and rentes by yer, with comon, 27s. John .Sowreby holdithe a tene- 
ment there withe edifices, i acre medow, and 15 acres land arrable in the 3 feldes, with comon ther, and 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. preface, cx.xxv. ; appendix, xcix. 

■ ' Item, tenent grangiam de Aynwyk, in qua sunt diversae domus aedificatae at pomaria et columbaria. 
Item, tenent] barcariam, cum j gardino clauso cum muro, cont. ij acras, ex orientali parte grangiae. 
Item, tenent in eadem grangia j gardinum clausum cum muro versus orient., et cont. j acr. Item, tenent 
in eadem ccxviij acr. et dim. terrae dominicae in cultura, et 1 acr. prati dominici jacentes in diversis locis, 
unde viij aciae expenduntur ad opus grangiae, et xlij expenduntur in ab(b)athia de Hexham. Item, 
tenent ibidem xl acr. terrae dominicae, quae includuntur cum le Mcdhop. Item, tenent xxx acr. terrae 
in territorio de Corbryg, quae vocantur le bisschopprek, et junguntur culturae de Aynwyk. Unde 
summa Integra tam de terris dominicis quam de pratis ccclxiij acrae et dim. : quae quidem acrae specifi- 
cantur per parcellas et metas et suas divisas.' Hexham Priory, Rainc, vol. ii. p. 3. 

In the Corbridge town fields there were 24 acres known as the ISishop's Rig, which were a detached 
portion of St. John Lee parish ; a fraction belonged to Anick township, and the remainder to Sandhoe. 

^ ' Item, sunt ibidem xij terrae husbandorum, quarum quaelibet cont. xvj acras terrae arabilis et prati ; 

et quaelibet terrarum praedictarum operabitur per j diem cum j hoinine in stagno molendini, cum necesse 
fuerit ; et faciet le hege-yard ubique ; et dabit j gallum et j gallinam ad festuni Natalis Domini ; et 
carriabit molares molendini de Aynwyk; et faciet parietes dicti molendini, suis propriis expcnsis ; et 
cooperiet molendinum propriis expensis coopertura domini. Et quaelibet terra husband, arabit cum 
aratro suo per j diem, quolibet anno cum requisitus fuerit, in solo grangiae praedictae. . . . . Et 
sunt ibidem xix cotagia, et ([uodlibet cotagium faciet servitium et opera ad molendinum praedictum, 
sicut terrae husband, praedictae.' Hixham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 4. 


rentythe by yere, 15s. 3d. John Spayne holdilh a tenement there with edifices, 2 acres medoo, and 18 
acres land arrable, with comon, and rentes by yere, etc., 27s. Thomas Sowreby holdith a tenement there, 
withe 6 acres land arrable and comon of pasture there, by yere, etc., lis. 4d. Summa, £^ 13s. id.' 

In 1 61 5 a suit was heard in llie Court of E.xchequer concerning an 
asfreenicnt touchine; their holdinirs made between the tenants of Anick, 
represented bv Richard Smith, Edward Errington, John Hucheson, and 
William Smith on the one part, and Hugh Lee and Christopher Holford 
(who died during the suit) on the other part. The following depositions"' 
were taken at Hexham on the 16th April : 

Edward Armstrong of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, tailor, aged about 34 years, says that Christopher Holford 
and the defendant were seised of the inheritance or fee farm of all the tenements and farmholds in 
Anewicke, and the plaintiffs and rest of the inhabitants of the town bargained with them for inheriting 
each the inheritance or fee farm of his own tenement ; it is credibly reported that the tenants paid them 
;f 480 for their tenements. He heard Holford and the defendant say to the plaintiffs when they sealed 
their conveyances, that there were two other tenements in Anicke called Bells Leises and Shepperds-lands 
not compounded for, and they refused to finish the assurances of the other tenements unless the plaintiffs 
and other tenants bought of them these also, which they utterly refused to do. 

It was agreed between the plaintiffs and Holford and the defendant, that the plaintifts should enter into 
a bond to pay them ^40 for the said two tenements if it fell out that they had good estate therein and 
power to sell them. 

Holford and the defendant, by indenture of bargain and sale, conveyed their tenements to the plaintiffs 
and the other tenants, and also the said Bells Leises and Shepperds-lands ; the tenants then or soon after 
paid all the money for their said tenements, with which they were well satisfied. 

At the time of sealing the bond for ^40, Holford and the defendant promised, that if it fell out that 
they had not power to sell Bells Leises and Shepperds-lands, the said bond should be cancelled. The 
w-itness heard them say, that if the said two tenements had been formerly granted to others, they would 
get off the contractor, who had promised them, land in some other place of equal value. 

The witness know-s no grounds called Bells Leases in Anicke; but he knows grounds called Balls 
Leases in Sandhoe, and the Shepperds-lands in Anick, he hath heard by copy of record now shown to 
him, was granted formerly to Sir John Foster, knight, deceased, by Queen Elizabeth, and now is, and for 
seven years past has been, in possession of Sir John Fenwicke, knight. 

In 1663 Anick Grange was rated to Sir William Fenwick at ^90, and 
he also held the tithes of Anick. Anick was held by seven proprietors, who 
were assessed as follows : William Errington, esq., /^i6 ; Thomas Hutchin- 
son, ^q ; Thomas Charlton, ^j ; Edward Errington, ^q ; Nicholas Fairlamb, 
j^6 ; Sampson Hutchinson, ^4 ; Robert Smith, ^^8. The history of the 
yeoman family of Errington has been thrown into the following pedigree of 
Errington of Anick : 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 161, 162. 

^Exchequer Depositions by Commission, 14 Jas. I. Easter Term, Northumberland, No. ig. 




Eruington = 


Edward Errington of Anick ; in 1663 w.-is assessed for = Jane ; buried 13th June, 1679 

" (fl) ; will dated 1st May, 1678 ; 

proved 1679 Qi). 

lands in Anick ; buried 26th Oct., 1676 (a); adminis- 
tration 20th Dec, 1676, granted to widow (6) 

John Errington of Anick ; 
overseer to Jane Erring- 
ton's will, 1678. 

Edward Errington of Anick ; 
buried 23rd Aug., 1675 
(a) ; administration S'li 
May, 1676, granted to 
father to the use of his 
two sons ((5). 

John Errington of 
Anick ; baptised 
9th April, 1665 
(a) [?buried 22nd 
May, 1709(a)]. 

I I I I 

Ann ; executrix to mother's will and tutrix 

to children of brother Edward. 
Jane, baptised 21st April, 1667 (a). 
Agnes, baptised 27th Feb., 1669/70 (a). 
Isabella ; buried 23rd July, 1675 (a). 


I I 
John ; buried 5th Dec, 1691 (a). 
Elizabeth ; buried 25th June, 16S0 (a). 
Margaret ; buried gth May, 1708 (a). 

John, baptised nth 
April, 1671/2. 


John Errington of Anick, = Margaret Weldon ; bond of marriage at 

afterwards of Carraw ; I York, 29th Nov., 1695 (i5) [? buried 

baptised ... , 1672/3 (a). 1 17th Nov., 1732 (a)]. 

Thomas, baptised nth 
Jan., 1673/4 (a). 

Edward Errington, baptised = Mary ..., who remarried 

I I .1 

14th June, 1705 (a) [? ad- 
ministration 31st Jan., 
1 740/ 1, gran ted to ...Wel- 
don, principal creditor]. 

William Hudspeth of 
Fawcett hill, where will 
is dated 6th May, 1756 

Barbara, baptised 31st Jan., 1696 7 (a). 

Elizabeth, baptised 2nd Nov., 1699 (a). 

Elizabeth, baptised 14th June, 1705 (a). 

Margaret, baptised 29th April, and buried 9th May, 1708 (a). 

Margaret, baptised 29th Sept., buried 5th Oct., 1709 (a). 

John Errington, named in stepfather's will in 1756. 
(a) Si. Jnhn Lee Register. 

Qi) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

1595, loth March. Administration of the personal estate of Robert Errington of Sandhoe granted 
to Margaret, wife of Edward Errington of .\nick, his sister, for the use of his children. 

1676, 5th May. Administration of the personal estate of Edward Errington of Anwick, parish of St. 
John Lee, granted to Edward Errington, his father, to the use of John and Thomas Errington, children 
of the deceased. 

1676, 20th December. Administration of the personal estate of Edward Errington, sen., of .^nwick, 
granted to Jane, his widow. 

1678, 1st May. Will of Jaine Errington of Annicke. To my sonne John Errington, three kine called 
Sense, Luckey, and Coppye. All my other goods to my daughter Anne Errington, whome I make sole 
executri.x, and to have the tuition of my late sonne Edward Errington's two children, viz., John and Thomas, 
and to have all the land for bringing them upp till they come to lawful! age ; and I desire Mr. John 
Errington of Beaufront, and my brother John Errington of Annicke, to be supervisors to my said two 
grandchilder, and see that they be honestly brought up and that none shall wrong them, and to assist my 
daughter .\nne that she be not wronged. Jane Errington, widdow [her marke and seale]. 

1679, 25th June. Probate of the will of Jane Errington, widow, of .\nick Grange, granted to Anne 
Errington, her daughter, and sole executri.x, with tuition of John and Thomas Errington, sons of Edward 
Errington of Anick, minors, to her their sister {sic: query aunt). 

1679, 17th July. Will of Thomas Errington of Annicke, yeoman. Sonne, Henry Wilson. My houses, 
leases, landes, etc., to my sonne Thomas Eirington : he executor. Proved 8lh January, 1679/80. 

171S, 29th July. Will of Michael Weldon of Anick,' gent. My brother, Mr. Lancelot Weldon of 
Linnells, a guinea; to my sister Catherine's daughter, which lives near Weardale chappell, a guinea; my 
sister Barbara, a guinea; my sister Margaret, wife of John Errington of Carraw, a guinea; Weldon, son 
of Nicholas Rowell of Sandhoe, my sister Mary's son, a guinea. My brother, Mr. William Weldon of 
Thornyburn, parish of Bellingham, executor. Proved 28th November, 1718.= 

' 1718, 26th September. 

Michael Weldon of Thomebum, buried. 
'^ Raine, Tat. Ebor. 

St. John Lee Register. 

Vol. IV. 


154 ''""'' I'-^RISn OF ST. JOHN LEE. 

1762. To be sold, a freehold estate in the parish of St. John Lee, of the yearly value of /'22, and a 
valuable coal mine within a large parcel of good ground commonly called Anick common ; and also the 
corn tithes yearly arising within the township of Anick aforesaid, of the yearly rent of £S : all which 
premises lately belonged to Mr. Edward Errington, dec''.' 

Anick Grange belongs to Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, and was, from the 
beginning of last to the middle of this century, farmed by a respectable 
family named Harbottle, one of whom left Tyneside at the beginning of this 
century for Remenham on the Thames, and afterwards went to Russia as 
agent to Prince Demidov.' Harbottle's Island is in the river Tyne opposite 
Anick Grange. 

1712, 20th June. Will of William Harbottle of Anicke Grange. To my eldest son, William Harbottle, 
;{'2oo; to my son Michael Harbottle, and daughter Elizabeth, each /'loo when 21; to my daughter Phillis, 
^100. I am executor of my sister Elizabeth Henderson of Newcastle, deceased, who was executor of 
George Henderson of Newcastle, merchant and alderman. My wife, Elizabeth, executrix. Proved 15th 
March, 1716/7. 

1740, 9th April. Will of .Ann Harbottle of Newcastle, widow of William Harbottle, merchant. My 
husband left the residue of his estate to his six children, George, William, Michael, Elizabeth, Ann, and 
John Harbottle, of whom George Harbottle is since dead. My brother George Henderson of Newcastle, 
merchant, deceased. To my nephew, William Charlton, ;{^loo; my sister Mary, wife of John Potts of 
Hexham, gent.; my nieces Anne and Mary Kelley. My brother Michael Harbottle of .'Vnick Grainge, 
gent., and my nephew William Charlton, executors. Proved 2nd June. 

1765, 6th March. Will of Michael Harbottle of Hexham, gent. My copyhold land in Hexham, etc., 
to George Charlton of Gateshead, merchant, and Michael Charlton of Bromley, Northumberland, gent., 
in trust to pay to my daughters Barbara and Phillis Harbottle, ^300 a piece; residue to my son \\'illiam 
Harbottle; he executor. Proved 24th April, 1769. 

1791. Died in the island of Jamaica, in May last, Mr. William Harbottle, son of Mr. Harbottle of the 
Grainge, near Hexham, universally regretted for his amiable disposition.^ 

Besides the farmstead of Anick Grange there are in the townships two 
hamlets, Anick and He.xham Bridge-end, where are the e.xtensive buildings 
originally erected for Donkin and Elstob's brewery, and now used as dye- 
works. At the beginning of last century Anick, owing, doubtless, to the 
influence of the Erringtons of Beaufront, was a refuge for Jacobites. In 
1 71 5 the names of George Angas, John Armstrong, John Errington, Edward 
Forest, Robert Smith, George Wilson, and Sarah Widdrington, widow, all 
inhabitants of Anick, are entered in the list of non-jurors,^ and after the 
suppression of the rebellion many of the inhabitants were bound over by 

There is a national school, which replaces one said to have been built by 
John Errington of Beaufront, and which was supported by him from 1 793 to 
the time of his death in 1828. 

' Newcastle Courant, loth April, 1762. ■ Bates, Thomas Bates and the Kirklevington Shorthorns, p. 79. 

' Newcastle Advertiser, 30th July, 1791. < Sessions Records. ' Cf. vol. iii. 61. 




The township of Fallowfield comprises one compact estate of 667 acres 
belonging to Mr. John Bertram Clayton, and has a population of 31/ The 
north-eastern and eastern portion is the heather-clad moorland called Fallow- 
field fell. Here the Little Limestone' reaches its greatest measured thickness, 
viz., 18 feet, and there are numerous remains of old coal workings. A lead 
mine, reputed for its produce, was formerly worked, and was known as ' the 
old man ' by the miners, who always spoke of its wealth with enthusiasm. 
After being drowned out it was reopened about the middle of last century, 
and when Wallis wrote, in 1769, a 'fire engine ' had been erected, and the 
mine gave employment to about 80 men.^ The valuable mineral witherite 
(carbonate of baryta) is now obtained from this mine, and both lead and coal 
are still worked on the fell. 

The hamlet of Fallowfield stands near the edge of the moor ; large and 
well grown sycamore and horse-chestnut trees enrich the grounds and closes 
of the old mansion,^ which stands on a natural terrace and commands an 
extensive view of the fells on the south of the Tyne. 


On a long ridge of hard sandstone rock, running through Fallowfield fell 
in a direction nearly north and south, and fronting the east, is the celebrated 
'written rock,' bearing on its face in deeply cut letters the inscription 
PETRA FLAVi(i) CARANTiNi, perhaps cut by Flavins Carantinus himself, who, 

' The Census Returns are: 1801,94; i8ti, . . 
36; 1881, 46; iSgi, 31. '■ Cf. vol. iii. p. 6 

* The panelling of one of its rooms is said to have been brought from Dilston 

1821,93: 1831,70; 1841,74; 1851,50; 1S61, 43; 1871, 
* W'allis,, vol. i. p. 121. 


it is conjectured, may have been a foreman of the gang of men engaged in 
quarrying stone for the building of the Roman Wall.' 

The contribution of Fallowfield to the subsidy of 1295 was lis. 8:^1., 
paid by four tenants." One moiety of the hamlet belonged to Sir John 
Vaux, whose inq. post niort. was taken in 1322. At the same period the 
proprietors of the other moiety were Richard de Langton, clerk, and John 
de Fallowfield, who sat as a juror in the enquiry into the state of St. Giles's 
hospital at Hexham in 1320, when it was stated that a rent charge, which 
the hospital possessed out of Fallowfield, had not been paid, because the 
place lay waste.' 

The registers of the archbishops of York contain numerous entries 
belonging to the end of the thirteenth and beginning of the fourteenth 
centuries, referring to ownerships and succession in the township, and 
which give some insight into the life and character of this early period. 

A writ of disseisin, dated at Witton, 28th October, 1287, addressed to the bailiff of Hexham, 
orders that whereas it is alleged that Adam Frount of Falufeld and H. de A. unlawfully dispossessed 
Ysabella, that was wife of Richard Stiward, of her free tenement in Falufeld after the crossing over of 
Henry, father of King Edward, into Gascony, that the matter be heard by a jury, presided over by J. de 
Erington and Robert de Boceland, the archbishop's justices.' 

A writ, dated Sth June, 1300, directs the bailiff of Hexham to give to Robert de Cestre and 
Dionisia his wife, of Falughfeld, a messuage and twenty-four acres of land in Falughfeld, of which 
Alice, wife of Robert fitz Richard de Falughfeld, died seised, if it can be proved before John de \'allibus 
and Nicholas de Yetham, the archbishop's justices, that the said Dionisia is the heir. John fitz Richard 
de Falughfeld defendant.' 

A mandamus, dated 13th November, 1302, to the bailiff of Hexham, on behalf of Anthony de 
Erington, orders that whereas it is alleged that Salamon de \'alle had unlawfully overstocked his 
common pasture in Falufeld, the bailiff be directed to make admeasurement of the pasture, and see 
justice done." 

20th February, 1339, Richard de Vaus complains that Nicholas de Langeton, Robert Aldecrawe, 
William de Brungelflet, Richard Clerk of Falghfeld, John de Falghfeld, son of thg same Richard, John 
Maugh, and Alan de Sandon, had unlawfully dispossessed him of his free tenement in Falughfeld. The 
bailiff is instructed to have the matter heard and decided before Thomas de Leiom, Adam and John 
de Corbigg, or two of them.' 

An inquisition taken at Hexham on Monday before the Purification (January 31, 1322/3), before 
Thomas de Fetherstonhalgh, bailiff of the liberty, includes in the list of jurymen the name of Richard 
de Faloufield. In a finding as to lands and tenements held by Sir John de Vaux at the time of his 
decease, there is included a moiety of the hamlet of Falowfield, which he held of the archbishop in 
drengage, and by paying ten shillings per annum, and for carrying a hawk twopence.' At the same 

' Arch. Ad. vol. i. 4to series, p. 126; Bruce, Roman Wall, 1867, p. 141. " Vol. iii. p. 32. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 130, 131 ; cf. vol. iii. p. 310. 

' York Registers, Romanus, 93 a. = Ibid. Corbridge, 75 a. ' Ibid. Corbridge, 93 b. 

' Ibid. Melton, 439 a. * ' Pro uno niso portando ij''.' 


inquisition the jury also find that Richard de Langton, clerk, died, seised of two messuages and forty-one 
acres in Faloufeld, worth thirty shillings per annum, and that he paid ten shillings, and also elevenpence 
for hawk bearing, and for ploughage twenty-one pence, and for cutting com threepence halfpenny, and 
for work at Acum pond one penny and three farthings. He also did suit of court at the court of 
Hexham ever)' three weeks. The jur)' find that his brother, Nicholas, is next heir and that he is of full 
age. ' 

It is certified that on the third of the ides of Februar)- (February 11) in 13223, at Cawode, Nicholas, 
son of William de Langton, brother and heir of the deceased Richard de Langton, clerk, did homage to 
the archbishop and swore fealty for the moiety of the manor of Falghfeld and other lands and tenements 
and rents which he claimed to hold of him within the liberty of Hexham, and did suit of court at the 
archbishops court of Hexham." 

By a deed, dated at Cawode, February- 11, 16 Edw. II. (1323}, Nicholas de Langton above mentioned 
grants to the archbishop of York, William de Melton, the moiety of the manor of Falghfeld, with its 
appurtenances and all lands and tenements, with the services appertaining.' 

The forms Falu and Falou occur in three of the documents given 
above. In three others it is Falgh, and in a fourth Fahigh. The word fallow 
occurs with the spelling of 'faugh' in a seventeenth-century document/ and 
fallow is still generally pronounced 'faff' in Northumberland. 

The contingent furnished by Fallowfield to the muster of 1538 was a 
large one for its acreage, but out of the total number of forty-three men 
fifteen had neither horse nor harness. 

Fellaw-feld Muster Roll, 1538.^ 
Herre Henderson, Willm Henderson, Robert Chester, Christofer Heron, Edwerd Newbigin, Roland 
Lee," Roland Watson, Edwerd Kirsop, Ric. Watson, Andro Watsen, Thomas Watson, John Bell, Robert 
Byrd ; naither hors nor harnes. Willm Stowt, Georg Rowll, Herre Rowll, James Clos, Lawrens Hawde, 
Georg Heslop, Herre Rowll, Arthur Spark, Anton Rowll, Here Rodfurthe, Robert Richartson, Christofer 
Stowt, George Awdon, Ric. Witfeld, John Spark ; able with hors and harnes. John Daweson, Willm 
Herreson, Herre Laws, Clemet Heslope, Thomas Hewetson, Thomas Stobatt, Cwthbert Hewden, Robert 
Phelopson, James Rowll ; naither hors nor harnes. Georg Rowll, Edward Rowell, John Richardson, 
Thomas Stawt, Willm Bell, Archo. Bassenwhet ; able with hors and harnes. 

The survey of 1547 records the amount of rent payable bv Nicholas 
Errington for the lands formerly held by John Fallowfield;' and in 1608 

' York Registers, Melton, 417 a. ■ Ibid. 595 a. ' Ibid. 414 a. 

* 'George Albin for puttinge his beasts into the faugh, contrary the payne of i2d.' W. Woodman, 
Ulgham: its Story, p. 13. 'Arch. Ad. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 191. 

' The following wills, etc., of Lee of Fallowfield, remain at York : 

1595. 22 .\pril. Probate of the will of Roland Lee of Fallowfield granted to Elizabeth, the widow, 
with resenation to Thomas Lee, his son. 

'595. 22 April. Probate of the will of William Lee of Fallowfield granted to Thomas Lee, the 
executor, with reservation to William, Nicholas and Katharine, children and co-executors of deceased. 

1596, 19 October. .Administration of the personal estate of Margaret Lee of Fallowfield granted to 
Thomas Lee, her brother. 

i773> 2 April. Probate of the will of .Mar>- Lee of the Planetrees, parish of St. John Lee, widow, 
granted lo Gerard Dobson, her grandson and sole executor. Raine, Test. Ebor. 
' Vol. iii. p. 81. 


Nicholas Errington held the whole township in socage, paying yearly 
£\ 2s. gd.^ Three years later in a petition to the king he stated that he 
had been forcibly dispossessed of the lead mines by Sir John Feuwick, who 
alleged that they belonged to the Crown. - 

In 1642, for a payment of ^200 and a rent charge of _;^20 a year, 
Henry Errington granted West Errington and Fallowfield to Richard 
Carnaby ; the lands were sequestered in 1649 for Errington's delinquency, 
and Carnaby's petition was in 1652 disclaimed. But as William Errington, 
esq., was rated in 1663 at ^^15 for his lands in Fallowfield, the estate 
forfeited by Henrv Errington may have been only a life one.' Subse- 
quently, however, but before 171 7, the Erringtons sold the estate, which 
was then or later acquired by the Blacketts of Matfen, and it was exchanged 
in 1892 by Sir Edward Blackett for Bog-house and High-house near Matfen 
belonging to the late Mr. Nathaniel George Clayton. 

The estate was farmed for several generations by a now extinct family 
which in an earlier day was called Tuddep, Twiddupp,* and latterly Tulip, 
for some time owners of Brunton and Walwick. 

' Vol. iii. p. 87. ^ State Papers, Dom. Jas. I. vol. Ixiv. Nos. 45, 46. 

' Royalist Composition Papers, vol. G 72, p. 666. 

' The late Mr. John Clayton asserted that this family originally came from Tweedside. Ex. inf. 
Mr. Thomas Rowell, 1897. 




Thomas Tulip of Fallowfield in 1664 [? afterwards of Wall ; if so, he = 
was buried gth Nov., 1690 (a) ; and administration was granted 
23rd July, 1691, to Ursula, the widow (c)]. 

= Henry Tulip of Fallowfield, baptised i6th Dec, 1666 (rz) ; == 
1737, mentioned in will of sister-in-law, Ann Hunter of 
Hexham, widow; buried 19th Nov., 1744, aged 78 (/<) ; 
will dated i8th April, 1743 ; proved 1744/5 (0- 

Thomas ; died in infancy ; buried at Hexham, 15th Sept., 1714. 
Ursula, baptised i6th July, 1716 («) ; buried 4th April, 1717 (a). 
Jane ; buried l6th Feb., 1718/9 (a). 

Isabella Wilkinson of 
Little Swinburn ; mar- 
ried 30th May, 1 72 1 
(a) ; died intestate at 
Acomb (/)> 17th Sept., 
1769, aged 75 (Jj). 

, I I 

Jane, baptised 
1 3th Nov., 
1664 (a). 

Ann, baptised 
14th Feb., 
1668/9 (a)- 

Thomas Tulip, son 
and heir, baptised 
17th July, 1723(a); 
to whom his father 
devised lands at 
Hexham, Sandhoe, 
etc. ; died 8th Aug., 
1746, aged 24 (-i), intestate (y^. 

HenryTulipof Wal- 
wick ;* died 3rd 
Dec, 1800, aged 
76 (a) ; will 
dated loth May, 
1784 ; proved 

6th June, 1801, 
by Henry Tulip 
the nephew and 
executor (c). 

William Tulip of Fallowfield, 
baptised 7th March, 1727/8 
(a) ; to whom his father 
devised his farm of White- 
side law ; died at Bristol 
hot-springs, 3rd June, 1779, 
ag^d 53 ; buried in Clifton 
church (^) ; will dated 5th 
January, 1779 (c) ; proved 

Ann, dau. of Thomas 
and Abigail .Mew- 
burn of Slonkend, 
near Croft, CO. Pal- 
atine ; married 
1752 (/); died 8th 
May, 1794, aged 
70 (a) ((i) ; will 
dated ... ; proved 
24th April,! 795(f). 

Henry Tulip of Fallowfield and Brun- 
ton, born 23rd Sept., 1758 (a) ; in 
1790 took lands in South Cowton 
under will of aunt Elizabeth Mew- 
burn ; in 1800 was heir to uncle 
Henry Tulip of Walwick ; will dated 
30th Sept., 1829 (/). 

= Bridget, daughter of 
George Atkinson of 
Temple Sowerby, 
Westmorland ; 
marriage settle- 
ment 4th May, 

Ann, baptised 12th May, 
1753 («) ; married 24th 
Feb., 1772, Thomas 
Kirsopp of Hexham 
(a) ; mentioned in will 
of aunt Elizabeth 
Mewburn in 1790. ^j^ 

John ; 

Mary ; 





will ; 

burn of 






Elizabeth ; to whom 


father be- 

queathed ;^l,ooo; 
died 26th Nov., 


aged 31 

Bridget, eldest daughter, 
born Sth April, 1S08 
(a) ; died at Doncaster, 
29th May, 1819, aged 
1 1 years ; buried at 
Warden (o^. 

Mary, daughter and co- = Thomas Butler, second son of 

heiress, baptised 2gth 
April, 1814 ; mar- 
ried at Warden, 5th 
May, 1840(c); articles 
before marriage 4th 
M.ay, 1840; died 13th 
April, i860 (/'). 

Sir Thomas IButler, bart., o( 
Ballin Temple, co. Carlow, 
by his wife Frances, daugh- 
ter of John Graham Clark 
of Newcastle. 

Jane Eliza, daughter and co- 
heiress, baptised 15th Aug., 
18 1 5 (a) ; married 30th 
Oct., 1832, William Rice 
Markham of Morland, 
Westmorland, clerk (a) ; 
died s./i. 29th Nov., 1838 

Henry Thomas Butler of Walwick and Brunton, only 
surviving child of marriage ; born 1st May, 1842 ; 
lieut.-col. 13th Hussars ; died unmarried 16th Dec, 
1881 ; will dated i8th Aug., 1877 (/"). 

(a) Si. John Lee Register. 
(J>) M.I. St. John Lee. 

(c) Raine, Test. Ehor. 
{/) M.I. Warden. 

((•) Tyne Mercury. 
C/) Mr. J. B. Clayton's Title Deeds. 

* ' Mr. Henry Tulip of Fallowfield purchased Walwick of ... Dixon of Newcastle, attorney, who had purchased 
of the Rev. Cuihbert Wilson of St. Nicholas', Newcastle. Henry Tulip's father acquired a fortune by farming under 
Sir Edward Blackett of Hixham abbey, at Fallowfield, etc. His son [? nephew] commenced captain and gentleman 
of the Northumberland Militia. He was a good tempered, inoffensive mnn, but rather vain, and was nicknamed the 
count. He was a good whist player, which made him a welcome gueet at Bywell.' R. Spearman, Notes. 



The township of Wall is in shape not unlike an hour glass, the top 
towards the east and the base resting upon the North Tyne ; it has an area 
of 1699 acres,' and at the last census had a population of 422.- 

The higher part of the township is occupied by uplands, called Wall 
fell, with the hamlet of Coldlaw and the farm house of Greenfield. Below 
the neck (about 600 feet in width), which connects the upper and lower parts 
of the township, is the farm house of Planetrees which stands in the ditch of 
the Vallum. From this place the militarv road goes on to Chollerford 
bridge by way of Brunton bank, while another road, bv a sharp descent, 
leads to the village of Wall. All the land in the township, with the 
exception of some recent enfranchisements, is held bv copv of Court Roll of 
the manor of Hexham. 

The portion of the Roman Wall included in the parish of St. John Lee 
is about four and a half miles in length, and runs chiefly in the direction 
from east to west-north-west. 

Immediately after passing Watling Street, the Roman Wall, as repre- 
sented by the militarv road (which is for the most part constructed upon its 
foundations), is continued over the height known as Stagshaw bank, and 
proceeds upon a high ridge of country,' overlooking the Tyne valley on the 
south and the low lands of the Erring burn on the north, until it reaches 
Brunton bank, where it makes a steep and rapid descent into the valley of 
the North Tyne. At Brunton house the lines of the Wall and General 
Wade's military road diverge, the latter turning sharply off to the north- 
west in order to ease the gradient by a zigzag course, while the Wall takes 
the straight course, which brings it to the North Tyne at the point where 
the abutment and pier of the Roman bridge still remain. 

Of the Wall itself nothing is left at this part of its course, except a 
piece at Planetrees field ^ and the 'turret' and wall adjoining it in the 
grounds of Brunton house, both of which are described later on. Though 

' Including 32 acres of water area. 

" The Census Returns are : 1801,356; 1811,499; 1821,465; 1831,495; 1841,437; 1S51, 474 ; 1861, 
484; 1871,479; 1881,398; 1891,422. 

' At the highest point in the -Stanley plantation the Wall is 873 feet above the level of the sea. 
' About 50 yards east of the twentieth milestone. Maclauchlan, Survey of the Roman Wall, p. 25. 



no other part of the Wall is now standing in the parish of St. John Lee, 
the stones which composed it are still to be seen at several points em- 
bedded in the military road, and its fosse yet remains and forms the north 
boundary, making its general direction and relation to that road to be easily 

Though the Wall has almost entirely disappeared, the aggers and fosse 
of the Vallum are plainly visible along the greater part of this section. 

V'allum near Portgate. 

and form most interesting and even picturesque objects, especially in 
autumn, when the different colours of the heather and the fern mark 
out the lines of the mounds and ditch. At this point it has been cut 
throusjli sandstone. 

In the following often-quoted passage, William Hutton of Birmingham 
(who in the first year of the present century journeyed on foot along the 
Koman Wall) describes his sensations on visiting this part of it : 

\'0L. l\-. 


I now travel over a large common, still upon the Wall, with its trench nearly complete ; but what was 
my surprise when I beheld 30 yards on my left, the united works of Agricola and Hadrian, almost perfect.' 
I climbed over a stone wall to examine the wonder, measured the whole in every direction, surveyed them 
with surprise, with deli.L;ht, was fascinated, and unable to proceed ; forgot I was upon a wild common, a 
stranger, and the evening approaching. 

Further on we learn from Hutton what was a century ago the condition 
of that part of the Wall, of which we have now only the mere fragment 
standing, as before described, in Planetrees field : 

At the twentieth milestone 1 should have seen a piece of Severus's wall 7^ feet high and 224 yards 
long, a sight not to be found in the whole line ; but the proprietor, Henry Tulip, esq., is now taking it 
down to erect a farm house with the materials. Ninety-five yards are already destroyed, and the stones 
fit for building removed. Then we come to 13 yards, which are standing and overgrown on the top with 

The ne.\t 40 yards were just demolished, and the stones, of all sizes from 1 pound to 2 cwt., lying in 
one continued heap, none removed ; the next 40 yards are standing 7 feet high. 

Then follows the last division, consisting of 36 yards, which is sacrificed by the mattock, the largest 
stones selected and the small left. The facing stones remain on both sides. This grand exhibition must 
be seen no more. How little we value what is daily under the eye. 

Here was a fine opportunity for measuring. The foundation was, in fact, below the surface of the 
ground and consisted of two courses of stones, each 6 inches thick, extending to the width of 65 feet. The 
second course set oft" 3 inches on each side, which reduced the foundation to 6 feet, and the third 3 inches 
of a side more, reducing the wall to si feet, its real thickness here. 

The foundation is laid in the native earth, the bed is cemented with mortar. The soil being after- 
wards thrown up on each side of the Wall 2 feet high caused the foundation to be 3 feet deep. 

I desired the servant, with whom I conversed, to give my compliments to Mr. Tulip and request him 
to desist, or he would w ound the whole body of antiquaries. As he was putting an end to the most noble 
monument of antiquity in the whole island, they would feel every stroke. If the Wall was of no estima- 
tion he must have a mean opinion of me, who would travel 600 miles to see it ; and if it avis he could 
never merit my thanks for destroying it. Should he reply ' The property is mine and 1 have a right to 
direct it as I please,' it is an argument I can regret but not refute. 

Apparently the fortunate accident of Hutton's presence and seasonable 
intervention preserved the fragment of the Wall in Planetrees field (which 
appears to be the last 36 yards described by him) from destruction. 

In the grounds of Brunton house, about half a mile to the west of Plane- 
trees field, has long been visible a piece of the Wall 7 feet high, and showing 
nine courses of facing stones. The southern face of the Wall was supposed to 
be gone, but excavations made by Mr. John Clayton, about 1883, brought to 
light a remarkably fine specimen of one of those military sentry-bo.xes which 
antiquaries have chosen to call turrets, and of which apparently there were 
originally three to every Roman mile. This turret (to quote Dr. Bruce's 
description) 'is a small quadrangular building, enclosing a space of 12 feet 

' Following the opinion of most previous antiquaries, Hutton believed that the southward agger of the 
Vallum, the fosse, and the 'marginal mound,' were the work of .Agricola; the rest of the X'allum he 
attributed to Hadrian ; the stone uall and its fosse to Severus. 


9 inches by 1 1 feet 9 inches. It has a doorway nearly 4 feet wide. The 
turret is recessed into the great wall about 4 feet. The wall which forms 
the north wall of the turret is standing eleven courses high, giving an 
elevation of 8|^ feet. The side walls of the turret are 2 feet 9 inches thick. 
The south wall of the turret is nearly 4 feet high.'' There is also now 
uncovered a fine piece of the south side of the wall to the west of the turret. 

What makes the discovery of this turret the more important for the 
visitor who is exploring this section of the Roman Wall is, that of the 
next larger places of encampment, the mile-castles, he will find no good 
specimens here to examine. There must have been five originallv; the 
first about 50 yards west of the 17th mile-stone from Newcastle; the second 
about 90 yards east of the i8th mile-stone ; the third about 220 vards east 
of the 19th mile-stone; the fourth near Planetrees farm; and the fifth in 
the fields below Brunton house, about midway between the road and the 
river.^ The distances between them are very regular, being in all cases 
about 7j furlongs (1,595 yards). 'If it were not that this regular distance 
had been calculated on,' says MacLauchlan, 'our researches for the mile- 
castles would often have been useless.' The traces of most of these five 
mile-castles have long been very faint, and are everv day growing fainter. 

A little south of the Wall, close to the western side of Watling Street, 
there is a 'temporary camp,' about 40 yards square. Another,' of larger 
dimensions, connected with the south agger of the Vallum, is to be found 
about a quarter of a mile west of Watling Street in the field in front of Port- 
gate farm house. 

The construction of the military road, so disastrous to the Wall itself, 
has fortunatelv left its fosse intact, and its course, from Portgate westwards 
to St. Oswalds, is of more than usual interest. It is particularly observable 
as the ground descends towards the west, where the fosse appears of its full 
original depth and width, and its outlines remain as sharp as if it were a 
work of comparatively recent construction. 

The material from the excavation has been deposited on the north side, 

' Bruce, Handbook to the Roman Wall (18S2), p. 67. 

' The allocations of these inile-castles are taken from MacLauchlan's Survey of the Roman Wall, 
pp. 23-25. 

' To this last camp, not noticed in MacLauchlan's Survey nor to be found in the Ordnance map, atten- 
tion was first directed by Mr. George Neilson of Glasgow in his monograph, Per Lmeam Willi (p. 36) 
He ascribes both these camps to Roman soldiers engaged in quarrying stones for the Wall, and draws 
(from the position of the latter camp) important conclusions as to the' relative ages of X'allum and ^furus, 
and the strategical object for which the former was constructed. 


where traces yet remain, which appear to show the manner in which the 
debris has been disposed of at ditterent portions of the work. The 'written 
rock' on Fallowfield fell (already mentioned on page 155) indicates one of 
the sources whence the wall builders may have obtained material ; and the 
line of outcrop, presenting a bold escarpment to the north of Whittington 
fell, appears to have been similarly quarried at an earlv piriod. The first 
of these sources of supply, it may be noted, is to the south, and the second 
is to the north of the barrier. 

In a farm house at St. Oswalds hill head, a 
wwiii 'i*:n =— Ti (1 J' * \ / s'®) centurial stone has been built into the front of 

) -V ' 'M the house, where it appears in an inverted posi- 

»,:: >V,^.^; ■«.,.— ^-N.'.>'--- y] 'It t 

' •■•^ ' 7^ r *s.^ I l^-r \^\o\\, indicating tlic work of CAiccii.ius ci.kmens. 

y— ^ .^ _ - A IT* ' I 1 lie vvnu, aiLCi passing now n iiuiii iduiiiuii 

^vi-S-jr l~.A%^-y:^ •'\\f£'^:'A'^ house, is traceable across the lirlcls to the hank 

of the North Tyne, where remains of a casttllnni 
and an abutment of heavy masonrv have been unearthed. The niilitarv wav 
which accompanied it crossed the North Tvne river bv means of a bridge' 
of four spans, having an abutment at each end and three piers.'^ The spans 
were 35 feet 6 inches wide. The piers have each a face length of 21 feet 
6 inches, with a brcadtli of 16 feet, and are angled on the ends facing the 
current to form starlings or cut-waters. The eastern abutment has the same 
face length as the piers, but the western one has been extended some dis- 
tance further at its northern end. The abutments had long and massive 
wing-walls extending up and down stream to protect them Irom the scour 
of the water, and to give platform area for defensive works. That on the 
south side of the east abutment had, at a later date, been considerably 
extended bv stones obtained from an earlier bridge on the same site. 

Owing to the gradual shifting of the river course towards the west, the 
eastern abutment and the pier nearest to it had become deeply buried in the 
river bank, and it was not until the year 1S60, upon suggestions by the late 
Mr. William Coulson of Corbridge, that excavations were made, and the 
remains of the abutment revealed to view. The western abutment founda- 
tions now lie in the river bed, adjacent to the western bank of the river. 

' The late Dr. Bruce Ihouglit lliat the stone for hnikhng tlie brich^'c «as obtained from the I'.lack 
Pasture quarry, near P.runton bank. Walkt Book, p. 75. 

^ This account of the Roman brid<,'e, orijiinally written and now revised by Mr. .Shcrilon Holmes, is 
reprinted from Arch. Act. vol. x\i. p. 32S, by permission of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle. 



The westward movement of the course of the river had been going on 
at an earlier time, and, in part at least, to this cause the erection of this 
bridge was probably due ; for there are the remains of a former bridge, also 
of Roman construction, upon the same site, one water pier of which had 
been built in and enclosed in the eastern abutment of the later one.* The 
earlier bridge had been much less in width than that which superseded it, the 
piers being only 9 feet 4 inches long by 10 feet 4 inches broad, but they 

Abutment of Roman Bkidge. 

were furnished with starlings both up and down stream, instead of at the 
upper end onlv, an arrangement which the later builders might have copied 
with advantage, for the danger of scouring by the regurgitation of the water 
against the flat-ended piers must have been great. 

As the earlier piers were utilised, and by additions to them constituted 
the later ones, the spans of the later bridge were, owing to the greater 

' See plan of bridge, where the carher bridge works are indicated by a red tint. 


breadth of the piers, necessarily shorter than those of the earlier bridge, 
the relative lengths being 35 feet f> inches in the later bridge and 41 feet 
2 inches in the earlier. 

The water pier built into the later abutment must have had at least one 
span of its bridge to the eastward of it, and as the pier or abutment 
accompanying it occupied a position directly beneath where the Roman 
Wall is now placed, it becomes almost certain that this bridge existed 
before the Wall was built. The only alternative is, as has been suggested, 
that when the later bridge was built the Wall had been lengthened to 
bring it up to the castellum. This, however, is negatived by the results of 
an examination of the face of the Wall for a distance of 60 feet from the 
castellum, which revealed a uniform face of similar masonry and unbroken 
coursed work, dipping uniformly towards the abutment, which had sunk 
down considerablv below its original level on account of the percolation of 
water underneath it. 

It seems to be beyond doubt that both the bridges had flat timber 
roadways, no arch-stones having been found ; nor would the height of the 
abutment platforms have allowed for the rise of arches and yet permit of 
sufficient waterway beneath them. In further proof of this, several stones, 
grooved across for the insertion of timbers upon which to rest the longi- 
tudinal beams carrying the roadway, have been found. 

The workmanship and appliances had altered considerably in the interval 
between the dates of the two structures, and the quality of the workmanship 
had retrograded in many respects in the later work, the fitting and snecking 
of the ashlar stones being decidedly inferior ; and whilst in the earlier 
masonry the stones are fastened together by dovetailed cramps, the stones 
of the later bridge are unsystematically and rudely cramped together by long 
iron rods run in grooves near the face of the work with T-ended branches 
inwards. In one respect there had been an advance in mechanical appliances, 
for instead of the stones having to be set with the pinch (the holes for which 
are seen on the upper beds of the stones of the imbedded pier) the later 
artificers had the use of the crane and lewis, holes for the latter being found 
in all the large stones of the later work, whereas in the former they are 
invariably absent. 

The late Mr. John Clayton' records that during the excavation of the 

' Arch. Ad. vol. vi. p. 8.^. 


is J.. 

S "s. 






T H 

T y 






abutment a number of coins were found ; the earliest in date being a silver 
coin of the Gens Cassia, or family of Caius Cassius, the assassin of Julius 
Cassar. Amongst the coins was another silver coin, in excellent preservation, 
of Julia Domna, the second wife of the Emperor Severus. Besides these 
there were several coins of brass of the Emperor Hadrian, Diocletian, the 
Constantine family, and of the usurper Tetricus, and other articles including 
mill-stones, Samian ware bearing the pottery mark ' doccivs,' and an altar 
without any inscription. 

Amongst the debris of the bridge abutment there are certain peculiar 
shaped stones which have evidently been designed for some special use. 
One of them is a monolithic pillar, 9 feet i inch in length, having a rec- 
tangular base 2 feet 2 inches long, i foot 1 1 inches broad, and 2 feet 2 inches 
high ; above this the angles are rounded off, until at the top the pillar assumes 
a circular form with a diameter of i foot 7 inches. The shaft of this column 
is 6 feet 6| inches long, and concentrically on its upper end there is a curved 
conical boss, 4^ inches deep, with a scarcement all round it of 5 inches on 
the pillar top. On the longer face of the base the stone has been cut away 
to a depth of 5 inches, so as to leave projecting a face moulding, and as 
the shape of this moulding is similar to that upon other stones which have 
apparently formed an ornamental string course along the face of the 
abutment, its original position is determined as having been on the face of 
the abutment and in line with the string course. As another evidence of the 
position of the pillar stone, there remains one of the stones which had formed 
the parapet hollowed out to fit up against it. There are also portions of a 
similar column which had been broken up. The upper end of it is now on 
the abutment amongst the ruins, and what appears to be a portion of the 
shaft, about 4 feet long, with a dowel hole cut in a similar manner to that in 
the entire column, is now placed in an angle of the building on the west side 
of the river.^ 

A third stone demands particular attention. It is in the form of a barrel 
or the nave of a cart wheel without the axle hole through it. This stone is 2j 
feet long, with a diameter of i foot 7 inches at its centre, and i foot \\ inches 
at its ends. Radiating from the centre are eight recesses cut to a depth of 4^ 

'Where Watling Street crossed the Rede the bed of the river is paved witli large stones; and 
when a part of tlie north bank was washed away by a flood a few years ago, two pillars were discovered, 
which it is supposed might have stood at the entrance to a bridge. Stephen Oliver, Rambles in Sorthum- 
bcrland, 1835. 


inclus, wliicb, at tlic face ol the stone, form openinj;s i IikIi wide bv 3 inches 
long. The lowtr sides of these holes are cut deeper as tlicv recede from 
the face, being half an inch deeper at the inner end than at the face, thus 
forming a tapered or half-dovetailed hole, similar to the lewis holes in 
the abutment stones. The weight of this stone is about 5] cwt., and its 
most probable use was that to serve as a balance-weight applied either over 
a pulley or at the end of a lever. A reference to the detailed drawings of 
this stone will show how admirably it is adapted to being slung, for, if in the 
holes there were placed half-dovetailed studs tapering from 2^ to 3 inches, 
they would fall down half an inch from the upper side of the hole, and admit 
of a flat slip of that thickness being driven in above them, thus securely 
fastening them in position. The studs being then left projecting beyond 
the face of the stone would form attachments for the ropes or rods used in 
slinging it. A very similar arrangement to this existed until lately at the 
smaller collieries in the northern counties, when the water was drawn from 
the pit in tubs by means of a 'whimsey' worked by a horse. To balance 
the water-tub they had another filled with stone, through which, midway in 
its height, pieces of wood were placed at equal angles, and the projections 
formed attachment studs in the same manner as those in the balance stone. 
This stone has, apparently, an intimate connection with the pillar stones, and 
all three taken together may be considered as a permanent frame and balance 
for the lifting of some heavy structure. 

The conical boss on the top of the pillar seems designed to secure a 
beam placed across the top of the two pillars, which would have cups cut in 
it to fit the stone bosses.' 

Following a devious course along the whole length of the east abutment 
and its wings is a covered passage, which might have been intended to 
afford additional water-way in times of flood. From its position, however, 
and the manner in which it cuts diagonally through the castellum, it is 
evidentlv a much later work than the bridge. Its sides are generally formed 
of the lewis-holed stones of the later bridge, and the covers, which are very 
large slabs of stone, might have originally formed the flagging of the abut- 
ment platform. 

' What exact purpose this mechanical airangement was designed to serve remains an unsolved 
problem, though in the paper read by Mr. Sheriton Holmes before the .Society of .Antiquaries of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, in 1S93, a suggestion is put forward that it may have afforded a means of raising a portion of 
the bridge platform so as to break communication along it : turning it, in fact, into a drawbridge. Arch. 
Acl. vol. xvi. p. 328. 



A much later bridge, known as Chollerford bridge, had become ruinous, 
when Bishop Skirlaw of Durham, in 1333 granted an indulgence' to all who 
should by labour or money contribute to its repair. The result of this effort^ 
probably led to the building of the stone bridge of four arches, which was 
presented by the Grand Jury at the Northumberland Midsummer Sessions of 
1718, 'to be fallen downe and out of repaire, and that the same lyes upon 
the King's High Street or way leading from Carlisle to Newcastle, and is 
very necessary and conv^enient to the said county, and that the ford which 
lyes nigh the said bridge is very dangerous, almost att all times to be ridd.'^ 
It was again broken down by a flood on nth December, 1733.^ 

This bridge was carried away by the great flood of 1771, and replaced 
by the present bridge, which was opened for traffic 21st April, 1775,* and 
stands about half a mile north-east of the Roman bridge, the gradient of 
the military road being 
eased by a detour from 
the direct line followed 
bv the Koman works, 
thus carrying the road 
farther to the north. 
At the east end of 
Chollerford bridge, in 
the stationmaster's gar- 
den, is an ancient grave 
which was opened in 
1868 : there was a cist 
4 feet 6 inches long, 
2 feet 4 inches broad, 
and 2 feet 9 inches 
deep; the top stone was about 6 feet long by 5 feet 9 inches in breadth. 
There were found in it the bones of a leg and arm, and a flint implement ; the 
latter is figured in the Proceedings of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries." 

' A translation of the indulgence is printed in Mackenzie's Norlliiiiuhfyhiiid, vol. ii. p. 242. 
■ If we could be satisfied that the ballad, 'Jock o' the Side,' were genuine, it might be inferred that in 
his time {circii 1569) there was not a bridge at Chollerford. 

' But when they cam' to Chollerford, " I wat weel no," quo the gude auld man ; 

There they met with an auld man ; "I hae bided here threty years and thrie, 

Says- " Honest man, will the water ride ? And 1 ne'er yet saw the Tyne sae big, 

Tell us in haste, if that ye can." Nor running ance sae like a sea." ' 

Scott, Border Minstrelsy. 
'Sessions Records. * Warden Register. » Richardson, Table Book. ' Vol. ii. pp. 170, 171. 

Vol. IV. 22 

Ancient Gkave near Chollerford Briiige. 


In the thirteenth century the prior and convent of Hexham obtained a 
grant of a rood of land in Wall from archbishops Gray and Gilford for the 
purpose of building themselves a tithe barn/ and the vill paid towards the 
subsidy of 1295 the sum of 21s. 4^d., which was shared by thirteen tenants, 
headed by Sampson of Wall or Del Welle. ^ Like Acomb, it suffered 
severely from the Scottish inroads of 131 5 and 1546. The names upon the 
Muster Roll of 153S are Errington, Dawson, Kcll, Robson, Wilson, and 
others, still common in the district. 

Wall Muster Roll, 1538.' 
Edwerd Eryngton, Ric. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Robert Trumbyll, Thomas Kersope, Thomas 
Robson, Edwerd Spayn, Robert Store, Alexander Dawson, Rolland Kell, Thomas Pateson, John Gibson, 
RoUand Kell, Robert Robynson, James Kell, Edwerd Kell, Edward Watson, able with horse and harnes. 
Thomas Dawson, Rog. Unstayn, Thomas Kell, Thomas Kell, Thomas Dawson, Willm Stere, Rog. 
Robson, neither hors nor harnes.' 

In 1547 the rents of the twenty-six copyholders amounted to ^^14 
7s. 6d., and ranged from 2s. 8d., paid bv Rowland Kell for the quarter of a 
husbandland, to 26s. 3d. William Kell held the water corn mill, for which 
he paid a rent of los., and 4s. lod. was received from four tenants of 
'Treasury lands.' ^ The watch was ordered in 1552, 'from the foot of Erren 
to the miln of Chollerton, to be watched nightly with four men of the inhab- 
itants of the town of Wall.' The setters and searchers of the watch were 
James Bell and Sander Dawson.'^ The survev of 1608 discloses a more 
complex system of tenure than that made sixty years before, for the copy- 
hold rents, which amounted to £b 14s. 7d., are entered under a different 
head from those of the customary tenants, which brought in £^ 18s. fd. 
With the latter are classed 'the Checquer rentes,' which, doubtless, were 
derived from the Treasury lands of the former survey. Some names appear 
in both lists, and an attempt is made to discriminate between tenants of the 
same surname by mentioning their respective abodes, as Edward Kell of the 
Hill and Edward Kell of the Chair, George Kell of the Chairhead and 
George Kell of the Hall-pool ; the latter held the mill, which was worth £^ 
a year over and above the old rent of los.' The condition of the township 

' \'ol. iii. pp. 139, 150. ■■ Ibid. p. ^■^. ^ Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. iSS. 

' The nine men of Wall appointed about the same period to go to Berwick ' in the tyme of 
necessite when they be calld upon,' were Alexr. Kell the younger, Edward Erington, George Kell, 
Percevell Kell, Roger Yeldarde, \\'illm. Daw-son, Jared Dawson, yonger, Richard Kyrsopp, or a man for 
hym, James Kell, Edward's son. State Paper time of Henry VIII. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. p. 
cix. preface. 

' Vol. iii. pp. 67, 68. ° Nicolson, Border Lau's, p. 171. ' Vol. iii. p. 99. 


in the time of Charles I. has already been related under Acomb, where are 
given the names of the tenants of Wall in the year 1626. The proprietors in 
1663, with the rateable value of their respective holdings, were: John 
Dawson, ;^22 los. ; William Dawson, ^"10 ; William Dobson of West Row, 
£1 6s. 8d. ; Edward Kell of Stare, £12 los. ; George Kell of Hall-pool, 
^22 IDS. ; Thomas Kell of Greenhead, £11 los. ; Edward Kell of West 
Row, £-] IDS. ; Matthew Kell, £-] ids. ; Thomas Lamb, £\ 5s. ; William 
Lee, £'] los. ; John Lookup, £z^ ; William Robson and the tenements late 
Edward Kell, £\'j los. ; Simon Simpson, £2 los. ; Mark Story, £^. Sir 
William Fenwick owned the tithes. 

On the 1 2th October, 1747, the tenants of Wall, who were seised of 
messuages, farmholds, or lands copyhold of the manor of Hexham, entered 
into an agreement with Major Allgood of Brandon, gent., as the surviving 
trustee of the will of Sir William Blackett of Wallington, the lord of the 
manor and reealitv of Hexham, and with each other, for the enclosure and 
division of the out-field of the township, called Wall fell. The minerals 
were reserved to the lord, and it was agreed that one-sixteenth of the lands 
to be divided should be allotted to him for his consent ; and that the 
remainder should be divided by the proportions of the ancient yearly rents, 
payable to the lord of the manor by the respective parties, who were : 

George Cuthbertson, Newcastle ; Thomas Daglease, Hexham ; Edward Dawson, Haltwhistle ; John 
Dawson, Brunton ; Edward Kell, Raw-house ; Joshua Kell, Wall ; George Lee, Hexham ; Simon 
Mewburn, Acomb; John Morpeth, Newton; John Nicholson, Stobbilee ; Michael Pearson of Newcastle ; 
John Robson, Blackbogg ; William Shafto, Humshaugh; John Stobart, Wall ; Henry Tulip, Fallowfield ; 
Patrick Dawson of Newcastle, as guardian of Jane, infant daughter of David Johnson of Hexham, the 
elder, deceased ; Thomas Stokoe of Hexham, as guardian of George Johnson, son and heir of David 
Johnson the younger of Hexham, deceased ; George HoUoway of London, and Mar>' his wife, John 
Wild of Scouts house, Durham, and Elizabeth his wife.' 

In 1722 the following polled for freeholds in Wall: Robert Kell of 
Willimoteswick, George Lee of Dilston, Edward Kell, George Kell, and 
Robert Dawson of Wall; John Armstrong voted for Wall mill; in 1748 
John Dawson of Brunton voted for tithes in Wall, Edward Kell of Cockle- 
head and George Lee of Hexham voted for freeholds, and in 1774 Edward 
Kell of Standing Stone voted for tithes in Wall. 

' 1748, March 31st. Award of Alexander Brown of Doxford, esq., and Thomas Reed of .-\ydon, gent., 
reciting amongst other certain articles of agreement bearing date 12th October, 1747, for the division and 
partition of the waste, moor or common called Wall fell, by the said Alexander Brown and Thomas 
Reed. Mr. J. B. Clayton's TtiU Deeds. 


The following wills from the registry at York' are of members of the 
veoman family of Kell, which still clings tenaciously to the township of 
Wall, being represented by Mr. T. E. Kell, a solicitor in Wetherby in 
Yorkshire, and Mr. Edward Rowell of Walbottle, who succeeded to the 
estate of the late Joshua Kell of Greenfield : 

1^93, 2nd July. Probate of will of William Kell of Wall granted to Richard Kell of Newcastle, an 
executor. Reservation to ' Eftam,' the widow, and Robert Kell, the son, the other e.xecutors. 

1595, 22nd April. Probate of will of Robert Kell of Errington granted to William Kell, the son and 
sole executor. 

1595, nth August. Administration of Reginald Kell of Wall, granted to Isabel, the widow. Reser- 
vation to George, Thomas, Edward, Margaret, Thomasine, and Elizabeth Kell, his children, minors. 

1601/2, 8th February. Administration of Edward Kell of Chairehead, chapelry of St. Oswalds, 
granted to Isabel Kell, his daughter, a minor, and Robert Dawson of Wall, her grandfather, made tutor. 

1601/2, 8th February. Administration of Edward Kell, son of Roland Kell, chapelry of St. Oswalds, 
granted to Janet, his widow, to her own use, and that of Roland, Nicholas and George Kell, her sons, 

1601/2, Sth February. Administration of Thomas Kell of Acomb granted to Edward and Elizabeth, 
his children. 

1601/2, Sth February. Probate of the will of William Kell of Wall granted to Mabel and Isabel 
Kell, his daughters and executors ; George Kell of Hall-pool made tutor of Edward Kell, son of 
deceased, and George Kell of Newcastle made tutor of Mabel, and John Kell of Humshaugh made tutor 
of Isabel Kell, all minors. 

i6o2, 3rd May. Administration of Alexander Kell of Wall granted to Thomasine and Isabel Kell, 
his sisters. 

1602, 3rd May. Administration of Nicholas Kell of chapelry of St. Oswalds granted to George 
Kell of Hall-pool and George Bell of Kepick mill. 

1674/5, '9'''' March. Will of Thomas Kell of Acomb; my sons, George and John, my daughter, Jane, 
residue to wife Grace ; son George, executor. Proved Sth September, 1675. 

1680, 29th March. Will of Edward Kell of Wall, yeoman ; to be buried at St. John Ley. To my 
second son, George Kell, the half of my corn tithe in Wall, which I bought of Sir John Fenwick ; the 
other half to my youngest son, Robert Kell. To my eldest son, Edward Kell, all my lands in Wall when 
twenty-one. My sister, Margaret Hutchinson, widow, my sister, Jane Errington's daughter, Mary 
Errington. Residue to my wife, Elizabeth, she executrix. Proved 3rd July, 1O80. 

16S5/6, 20th February. Will of Barbara Kell of Wall. My eldest daughter, Anne Byers, widow, my 
grandchild, Barbara Newburne, and Sarah Newburne, her sister; Joseph Dod, who married my grand- 
child ; my daughter, Mabel Brown. 

16S9/90, 15th February. Tuition of Edward, son of Edward Kell of Wall, granted to Anne Byers, 
widow, and also administration of Edward Kell. 

1701, loth June. Will of Samuel Kell of Wall, yeoman. To my brother, Benjamin Kell, 20s., to the 
licensed meeting house at Hexham 5s. a year for four years. My copyhold lands at Wall to son, 
William ; my son, John Kell, sole executor. Proved 26th June, 1704. 

1710, 24th October. Edward Kell of Wester Row was found to have died seised of three messuages 
in W.1II, with the lands belonging, and also of 106 acres lying in the Highfield of Wall. His son, Edward 
Kell the younger, w-as found to be next heir, and was admitted.-' 

1719, 26th June. Will of George Kell of Hexham, glazier. My son George Kell, my daughter 
Elizabeth Robson, my wife Isabel, executri.x. Proved 19th October, 1719. 

1721, 25th April. William Dodd of Aydon castle, and Agnes his wife, surrendered the water corn 
mill of Wall, etc., to the use of Edward Kell the younger of Wall.^ 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. ' .Mr. J. B. Clayton's Title Deeds. 


1722,27th August. Will of Matthew Kell of Hexham, gent. My wife Ann ; my son John Kell of 
Hexham; my son James Kell; my daughter Katherine, wife of George Rowland; my daughter Elizabeth, 
wife of George Turner. Proved 26th August, 1726. 

1722, i6th October. Administration of Edward Kell of Wall to Jane, wife of John Armstrong, his relict. 

1723, 28th December. Will of Edward Kell of Wall, yeoman. I have surrendered a tenement in 
Wall of 70 acres, yearly rent 15s. gd.; my wife Hannah; my son Edward; the reversion of my house in 
Western raw, called Newhouse, my daughter Sarah, wife of Thomas Rowell, my son Joshua Kell ; wife, 
Hannah, sole executrix. Proved ist May, 1724. 

1737, 26th .\pril. Edward Kell the younger of Wall was found to have died seised of three messuages 
in Wall, with the lands belonging thereto, of 90 acres in Wall High field. Wall mill, etc. Edward Kell 
of Wall, his son and next heir, was admitted.' 

1741, 14th April. John Heron of Wall surrendered to the use of Edward Kell, then of Corbridge, 
eldest son and heir of Edward Kell the younger, late of W'all, deceased, a close in Wall townfields called 
Hanging Shaw bank.' 

1741, 14th April. Edward Kell of Corbridge, and Elizabeth his wife, and Jane Armstrong, mother of 
the said Edward, surrender to the use of John Morpeth of Corbridge (in trust) a messuage, lands known 
as Mantle garth, and Kiln garth, and Wall mill.' 

1758, 4th February. Probate of the will of Anne Kell of He.xham granted to Mary, wife of Matthew 
Kell, her daughter and sole executor. 

1765, 14th November. Edward Kell was admitted to 56 acres of land, formerly parcel of Wall fell, 
and allotted to him in right of his estate in Wall upon a division of the said W'all fell.' 

1773, 1st December. Probate of the will of Thomas Kell of Wall granted to Elizabeth Kell, his 
widow, and Robert Patterson, the executors. 

1782, 29th July. Probate of the will of Robert Kell of Wall fell granted to Joshua Kell, his son and 
sole executor. 

The pleasant grounds' of Brunton house' command fine views of the 
valley of the North Tyne ; and through the garden, from the fosse of the 
Wall, flows a small rill, which coats the pebbles of its bed* with an ochreous 
deposit. The Brunton estate has partly been made up of allotments of Wall 
fell, which was divided amongst the copyholders in 1748. It was long the 
property and residence of the family of Dawson, whose surname occurs in 
the lists of tenants of Wall from 1538 downward. 

' Mr. J. B. Clayton's Title Dads. 

'' They contain, resting against the ruins of the Wall, being the northern side of the turret which has 
been already described, an altar, which is figured in Dr. Bruce's Roman Wall, 

^ East of Brunton is Coldlaw, which is probably the Codden where a coal mine was worked as early as 
1499, in which year .Archbishop Neville granted a ninety-nine years' lease to Gilbert Errington, esq., at the 
rent of los. 4d. a year. In the Ecclesiastical Court at York there was a suit in 1590, Sir Joh. Forster t'. 
Nicholas Errington of Errington, in which Robert Gibson of Hexham, yeoman, deposed that 'Gilbert 
Errington for the last five years hath occupyed a colepitt called Coddayne cole pitt, and he hath sene the 
said Gilberte's servantes gett coles. The workmen have gotten ten chalder of coles in one day.' John 
Gibson of Hexham, aet. 60, deposed the same. ' This examinate 24 yeres ago and more, being then ser\'ante 
to Ladie Carnabye, who was fermarof the tiethes of Hexhamshire, went to Coddain cole pitt and in the name 
of his said ladie and mistris received 24 chawders of coles for tieth yerely.' John Errington of Errington, 
gent., aged circa 64, deposed 'that for 16 yeres Gilbert Errington has occupied a cole pit at Fallowfield. 
Eastfield is a place called the New Ryfte and not elsewhere, atiout a ciuarter of a mile off is a place called 
Codd deane, in which place as it may appear by the view thereof there have been coal pitts sunk, but he 
never new any men work them. The articulate Nicholas Errington married this examinates wife's 
daughter, and ever since his marriage saving since Whitsontide last, the said Nicholas and his wife have 
dwelt in this examinate's house, and his kine have depastured on this examinate's farmhold.' Agnes 
Errington, wife of Nicholas Errington, deposed that her husband and Nicholas had six kine and no more. 

* Wallis, Northumberland, vol. i. p. 48. 



William Dawson ; rated for lands in Wall in 1663 = 

I I 
Michael, baptised William Dawson of Brunton house, baptised 13th = Ann ; to whom her husband 

1665 (a). October, 1667 (a) ; will dated 9th May, 1715 ; 

proved i6th May, 1716. 

gave his third part of the tithes 
of Wall. 

Robert Dawson of Brunton and Wall ; = Mary ... ; executrix Michael Dawson ; will Edward Dawson ; named in 
will dated 26th March, 1729 ; proved 
26th June, 1729 ; died 27th March, 

1729 (i). 

Barbara Hall ; 
married 1752; 
will dated 
17th Feb., 
1753 (»■ 

to her husband's dated 8th April, wills of father and brother 

will; died 12th 1727; proved 7th Michael, in 1728, of West- 

April, 1754 (?) (li). June, 1728. minster O)- 

I .11 

John D.awson of Brunton, son and heir ;== Ann Smith of Bramp- Robert; died Ann Dawson ; to 

matriculated at Queen's college, Oxon., ton, Cumberland; 24th Nov., whom herfather 

17th March, 1746, aged 19 (?) : ad- married in London, 1728 (/i). gave 'the house 

mitted at Gray's Inn, 1744 (/) ; buried -Aug., 1766 (c) ; re- at the Cross ' for 

l6th April, 1769 (a) (^) ; will proved nounced administra- life and jf 1,000. 

14th Sept., 1769 (?), aged 42. tion to husband's will. 

John Dawson of Brunton house, baptised 28th Oct., = Frances, daughter of William Smith of Haughton 

1753 (n); entered at Gray's Inn, l6th June, 176S ; castle (/) ; died 8th May, 1806, aged 41 (a) 

died iSlh March, 1807, aged 51 (a) (^) ; will dated (^) (o^. 
31st Jan., 1807. 

(a) S/. John Lee Register. (<•) Forster, Alumni Oxonienses. 

(li) M.I. St. John Lee. (/) Forster, Admissions to Grays Inn. 

(c) Newcastle Cmirant, l6th Aug., 1766. (j) Raine, Test. Ehor. 

((/) Gent's Mag. 1 806. {K) Gent's Mag. l-jdr^. 

(/) Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 

1670, 22nd Aug. John Fcnwick of Wallington, the Crown grantee, conveyed the corn tithes of Wall 
to John Dawson of Wall, William Lee of Wall, and Edward Kell of Wall, who, 6th June, 1672, released to 
each other, so each might hold one-third in severalty. 

1673 and 1675. John Dawson and Eleanor his wife conveyed one-third of the corn tithes of Wall to 
W'illiam Dawson of Wall, yeoman. 

1715, 9th May. Will of William Dawson of Brunton house. To be buried in the churchyard of St. 
John Lee. To my wife Anne for life, one-third of the corn tithe of Wall, which is letten to tennants for 
/15 per annum. To my two sons, Robert and Michael Dawson, all moneys as shall become due or paid 
by the court of London upon the account of an estate at Ovingham that formeily belonged to John Addison, 
esq. To my son, Michael Dawson, £'i.y>\ he executor. Proved i6th May, 1716.' 

1729, 26th March. Will of Robert Dawson of Wall, gent. To my son John, a farm called Btunton 
in Chollerford field, and Hall-poole farm there, and the Nine-acre and William Lee close and three houses 
in Wall, and the third part of my corn tithe in Wall. To my daughter Ann Dawson, £1,000 and the house 
at the Cross for her life. If my wife has another child, it to have, if a male, the said co-rn tithe and the 
house in Newcastle joining the Castle Stairs, and the two shops. Residue to my wife Mary; she executrix. 
Proved 26th June, 1729.' 

1769, 14th September. Probate of will of John Dawson of Brunton, in the chapelry of St. Oswald's, 
esquire, granted to Christopher Reed, esq., with tuition of John Dawson, the son : Ann Dawson, the widow, 

9th May, 1806, died at Brunton, near Chollerton, Mrs. Dawson .... she introduced the Jennerian 
vaccination into her neighbourhood, and once a week had many cart loads of applicants for that improved 
mode of inoculation. GenVs Mag. May, 1806. 

' Raine, Test. Ebor. 


In 1795 John Dawson of Brunton' for ^6,750 sold his moiety of the 
corn tithes of Wall and his copyhold estate of Brnnton, Spaniel-hall alias 
Low Brunton, and the farm of Hallpool, to Matthew Culley of Wark, 
and George Culley of Pallinsburn Eastfield. Two vears later the CuUevs 
sold to their kinsman, Thomas Bates of Hulton, who, in 1806, for ^13,400 
sold the same to Henry Tulip of Fallowfield. In 1876 JNIr. Tulip's grandson, 
Lieut. -Colonel Butler,'^ sold it, with all his other lands in Wall, to Mr. John 
Clayton, to whose grand-nephew, Mr. J. B. Clayton, nearly the whole of the 
township now belongs. 


The township of Cocklaw contains 3,764 acres,' and at the taking of the 
last census had a population of 154, wholly agricultural.'' Its area, which is 
larger than anv other township in the parish, comprises the ground which 
slopes northward to the Erring burn, from the ridge along which the Roman 
Wall is carried. 

The military road, constructed by General Wade after the rebellion of 
1745, runs westward on the site of the Roman Wall to the descent into the 
North Tyne valley, where the gradient causes a deviation. The chapel of 
St. Oswald-on-the WalP stands on a commanding site a little to the north of 
the Wall, where the plain terminates by abrupt descents on the north and 
west. Its spacious graveyard is used for burials to the south and east of the 
church ; whilst on the north, or, as it is here called, the ' backside ' of the 
church, there was a building used to stable the horses and ponies of the 
congregation. The building forms one of the sides of the enclosure, which 
is planted with a row of sycamore trees, and the site commands an extensive 
view, with Hallington on the north-east, and Chipchase, Simonburn, Haugh- 
ton, and the valley of the North Tyne on the north-west, with far stretches 
ot moors and crags in the distance. 

' Mr. Dawson, under certain conditions, reserved to himself the mansion of Brunton under a lease 
for a term of years. 

- In 1873 Major H. T. Butler of Elvaston Place, S.W., was returned as owner of 1,437 acres in 
Northumberland, with a gross estimated rental of ^2,623. Parlianuntayy Rclurit 0/ Owners 0/ Land. 

' Including 5 acres of water area. 

* The Census Returns are : i8oi, 183 ; iSti, 197; 1821, 199 ; 1831, 188 ; 1841, 172 ; 1S51, 183 ; 1S61, 200; 
1871, 192 ; 1881, 180 ; 1891, 154. 

' In 1879 an ecclesiastical district, comprising the townships of Bingfield, Cocklaw, Fallowfield, Hal- 
lington, Portgate, and Wall, with the two chapels of St. Mary, Bingfield, and St. Oswald, was fonned out 
of St. John Lee. London Gazette, 31st October, 1879. 


The present church of St. Oswald is a simple structure, rectangular in 
plan, and entirely destitute of architectural features. Its situation, remote 
even from the scattered farmsteads of the district, tended to its neglect. 
In 1310 it was seemingly out of repair, for it is included in the list of those 
churches which Archbishop Greenfield ordered to be visited, so that the 
parishioners should be compelled to amend what might be amiss.' It was 
either rebuilt or largely repaired about 1737,' a date which appears on a sun- 
dial. At this reconstruction such features as it then possessed of an archi- 
tectural character were swept away, for nothing now remains but the bare 
structure of the eighteenth century.' Less than twenty years ago this, too, 
presented a miserable appearance ; the window shutters had been blown 
away, the window glass broken, and the roof left in a leaky condition. The 
internal fittings, originally of the baldest description, corresponded in their 
general aspect of discomfort and decay with the neglect of the exterior of 
the edifice ; the pews were mere boxes of deal, and the floor was spread with 
straw to enable the sparse worshippers to sit in some degree of comfort 
through the service. All this has now been changed, and the church has 
again been recently repaired. 

The Battle of Hefenfeld. 
The church occupies a site remarkable in the history of Northumber- 
land, for it was here that King Oswald set up, before the coming battle, the 
emblem of that faith, in the reception of which, by his country, he was to be 
one of the chief instruments, and in the vital principles of which, as his after 
life witnessed, he was a genuine and consistent believer. Northumbria had 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 123 ; Surt. Soc. No. 46. 

■ 1736, September. Office against Ralph Davison, chapel warden of St. Oswald's chapel. 'The 
chappel being ruinous, and much out of repair,' ordered to repair before ist September next. Canon 
Raine, Notes from Faculty Books at York. 

' Names of persons claiming pews, and seats in pews, in St. Oswald's chapel, 13th March, 1794 : 

Pew No. I. John Dixon of Nlantle hill; widow Gibson of Greencroft mill, for Wall mill; Henr)- Tulip 
of Walwick, esq., for Bank-head; and Robert Pearson, esq., for Black Pasture. II. Robert Pearson, esq., 
for his ancient lands, and Messrs. Watson for Dunkirk West farm (each party objects to the other's claim). 
III. John Dawson, esq., and H. Tulip, esq., of Fallowfield, for Folstern-house. IV. Simon Mewburn, 
esq., and Mr. Robson. \'. John Stobart of Wall, Edward Charlton of Hexham, and Mr. Gibbons. 

VI. Henry Tulip, esq., of Fallowfield, and Edward Kell of Wall, in right of Edward Ramsay's farm. 

VII. John Dawson, esq., Messrs. Watson for Greenhead, and old Edward Kell of Wall. \T1I. Henry 
Errington, esq., for Portgate. IX. Sir Edward Blackctt, bart., and Henry Tulip, esq., Walwick. X. Sir 
Edward Blackett, bart. XI. Edward Kell, Wall, and Joshua Kell, Wall fell. XII. Henry Errington, 

■esq., for Portgate, and Christopher Soulsby, esq., for Fences. XIII. Henry Tulip, esq., of Walwick, for 
Edward Forster's farm at Wall, and Hill-head farm. XIV. Henry Tulip, esq., of Fallowfield, for Kiln- 
house farm and Wilkinson's farm, Wall. XV. John Dawson, esq., for Brunton. XVI. Sir Edward 
Blackett, bart., for Fallowfield, and Henry Tulip, esq., for George Ramsay's farm at Wall. XVII. and 
XVIII. John Errington, esq., for Cocklaw and Cocklaw Hill-head. XIX. lb. for Errington Red-house. 
XX. lb. for Errington. XXI. lb. for Keepwick. XXII. lb. for Errington and Errington Hill-head. 
XXIII. lb. for Keepwick mill and Portgate leazes. Mr. J. B. Clayton's Papers. 


before then become, at least to some extent, Christian, through the influence 
of King Edwin and the missionary zeal and preaching of Paulinus ; but it had 
returned to a belief in its former gods when, at Haethfelth' in the year 633, 
Edwin was defeated and slain in a battle against Penda, king of Mercia, a 
steadfast adherent of the old Teutonic faith, and Cadwalla, nominally a 
Christian, the ruler over a part of Britain as yet unconquered by the English.^ 
Bernicia, released from the rule of Edwin by his death, had become again a 
separate kingdom under Eanfrid, son of Ethelfrid, its former king. He had 
been with his brothers for many years in exile among the Scots, and had 
there been educated in that branch of the Christian church with which the 
saintly apostle from Ireland, Columba, is identified. Eanfrid, who had 
relapsed into paganism, was, after scarcely a year's reign, slain in 634 by 
Cadwalla, when Bernicia fell under the tvrannv and savasre control of the 
British chief His rule was not to last long, for the year had not expired 
when Oswald, a younger son of Ethelfrid, became the leader of the men of 
Northumberland in their rising against the alien oppressor, and when they 
threw off his yoke. 

The battle which resulted in the defeat and death of Cadwalla took place, 
according to Beda,^ at a place before then called Hefenfelth, which he inter- 
prets, the heavenly plain. ^ Oswald's force was small, but, as Beda says, strong 
in the faith of Christ ; strong, too, we may not doubt, in hatred of a hostile 
and oppressive race. Cadwalla was in command of a large and, as he thought, 
irresistible army. Oswald encamped his men on ground strongly defended 
by nature on one side, and situated to the north of the Roman Wall, which 
(then standing) afforded a protection against Cadwalla advancing from the 
south, probably along Watling Street. Of the details of the battle we know 
nothing. How it ebbed and flowed, how the small body of men, fired with 
patriotic and religious ardour, withstood the assault of the larger one, flushed 
with previous victories and maddened with the desire for vengeance on a 
people who had driven out their fellow-countrymen, no one has recorded ; 
but Beda tells us something of the events which took place immediately 
before the fight, and most moving and inspiriting they are. The spot 

' Possibly Hatfield, to the north-east of Doncaster, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. 

■ He is called by Nennius ' Catgublaun,' and described as king of Guenedota (Gwynedd). probably 
North Wales, including territory further north. Historia Britoniim, sec. 64, ed. Stevenson (English 
Historical Society), p. 54. 

' Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, lib. iii. cap. i, ed. Plummer, pp. 12S, 129. 

' ' Caelestis Campus.' Nennius calls the battle Catscaul ; that is. cat is ga^uiiil, the fight within the 
Wall : a ver)- descriptive name for the battlefield. Hist. Britoiuim, ed. Stevenson, p. 54. 

Vol. 1\". 23 


where Oswald had camped conimands a prospect over a wide and far- 
stretching land of hill and vallev, an outlook dear to all Northumbrian 
hearts; an epitome, indeed, of that larger country which makes up Northum- 
berland. To his little army it was home, with all the ties which braced 
their nerves and inflamed their courage to sweep away the invader and 
oppressor from the land. But another, it mav have been an even stronger, 
impulse, which on many a field has led to victory, was added : the strength 
that flows from a fervour begot by faith. Before daybreak Oswald' himself 
holding the wood, while it was being fixed in the hole prepared for it, ordered 
the cross, the sacred standard under which they were to fight, to be set up. 
Kneeling at its foot, he said : ' Let us all bow the knee, and together pray 
the Almighty God, living and true, that He will in His mercy save us from 
the proud and savage enemy, as He knows that we have undertaken a just 
war for the salvation of our nation.' The fight began, as Beda's words seem 
to imply, by the attack of Oswald's troops ; the battle went against Cadwalla, 
his army was broken, and himself flying southward from the field was slain 
at Denisesburne, now Rowley Water, a tributary of the Devil's Water, about 
seven miles distant from the site of the cross of victory. 

The issue of the battle had an influence which extended beyond the 
kingdom of Bernicia. In its far-reaching consequences it may rank among 
the events which have had a deep, moving, and lasting eff"ect upon the fortunes 
of England itself. After the death of Cadwalla and the complete rout of his 
army, which appears to have inflicted a crushing blow upon what at one time 
seemed to be the almost overwhelming force of the Celtic power, there was 
no more aggressive action on the part of the British tribes against the English. 
Tt cannot be doubted that in the end the Britons would have succumbed to 
the more powerful and persistent race which had, like themselves at an 
earlier time, invaded the island from over sea. But that event might have 
been delayed, and the course of England's progress have been altered, had 
Cadwalla been the victor at Hefenfelth. However much the kindred tribes 
of Angle, Saxon, and Jute were divided by many and diverse conflicting 
interests, this was, after Cadwalla's death, to be fought out among them- 

' Adaninan, in liis Life 0] St. Columlia, relates that he was told hy Abbot Failbhe, his predecessor, on 
the information of Abbot .Seghine, who heard it from the mouth of Oswald himself, that on the eve of the 
battle St. CoUimba appeared to him, and, addressing him in the words of the Lord to Joshua before the 
crossing of Jordan, ' Be strong and of a good courage, I will be with thee,' added that he w^ould be 
victorious in the coming fight, and that Cadwalla would be delivered into his hands. Vita S. Columba, 
ed. Reeves, p. i5;]ed. Fowler, p. 12. 


selves, without the interference of any ahen opponent, and they were to be 
at last welded, wilh the exception of a small Celtic country in the west, into 
a nation one in spirit as in language, from the Frith of Forth to the shore of 
the southern sea. 

But the battle had another result. The seating of Oswald on the 
throne of Bernicia, the prize of his victory, was a vital element in the 
Christianising of Northumbria. Brought up among the Celtic monks of 
lona, he naturally turned to that place for aid in spreading the faith he had 
adopted among his people. Thus the gospel was taught through that part of 
England, not from Gaul or Italy, but from the church as it existed in Ireland, 
which had retained or adopted some forms of ritual and order that separated 
it from other members of the western church. They were differences of slight 
importance, but which became magnified in proportion to their smallness, 
until they tended to rend the church in two. The Celtic pre-eminency 
thus seated in Northumbria lasted but a short time, and after the Synod at 
Whitby in 664, when King Oswy gave way to the pressure from the Latin 
side in the controversy, Northumbria accepted the forms and usages of the 
rest of the western patriarchate, and Bishop Colman and his fellows returned 
to lona. But the influence of their teaching remained, and some phases of 
religious thought and practice, which originated in the mission of Aidan 
and the Scottish monks of lona, have left their traces in Northumbrian 
Christianity, itself one of the main issues of Oswald's kingship and of the 
battle which placed him on his throne. 

The churchyard is separated from the military road by a level field, 
and in the middle of this field, and outside the graveyard, there stood a 
Roman altar, in the focus of which was cut a square hole for a cross 
shaft. It had been adapted to form the base of a cross, and had occupied 
the site in the field from a remote period. Traditionally it was said to 
have marked the position of Oswald's extemporised cross on the battle- 
field. When the land was brought under tillage the altar was removed 
to the grounds of Brunton house, where it now stands, and its site was 
ploughed over. A special sanctity was from the first attached to St. Oswald's 
cross.' 'Hither also,' savs Beda, 'the brothers of the church of Hagulstad, 

' St. Oswald's day is kept on 5th Atigust, and the collect is: 'Omnipotens sempittrne Dcus, qui hujijs 
diei jocundam laetitiam in sancti sei\ i tui Oswaldi passionc consecrasti ; da cordibtis nostris tui amoris 
caritatisque augmentuni; ut cnjus in teriis sancti sanguinis eft'usioneni celebranius, illius in caelo collata 
patrocinia nientibus senliamus.' York Missal, Henderson, p. 75 ; Surtees Society, vol. 60. 


which is not far from thence, repair yearly on the day before that on which 
King Oswald was afterwards slain, to watch there for the health of his soul, 
and having sung many psalms, to offer for him in the morning the sacrifice of 
the holy oblation ; and since that good custom has spread, they have lately 
built and consecrated a church there, which has attached additional sanctity 
and honour to that place : and this with good reason, for it appears that there 
was no sign of the Christian faith, no church, no altar erected, throughout all 
the nation of the Bernicians before that new commander of the army, 
prompted by the devotion of his faith, set up the cross as he was going to 
give battle to his barbarous enemy." Beda relates 'one of the many 
miracles that have been wrought at this cross.' 

Certain lands adjacent to the chapel belonged to the prior and convent, 
and were, in 1479, held by Robert of Dissington, their chaplain. - 

Not far distant was the hermitage in which John the hermit was living 
when Simon de Meynell sought and obtained a licence from Archbishop 
Corbridge to associate himself with him in his retirement.' 

CocKLAW Tower. 

The tower of Cocklaw occupies the centre of a slightly elevated posi- 
tion, the ground falhng away from it on either side. There are indications 
of the former existence of a moat, and of buildings, including (possibly) the 
barmkyn, an enclosure into which the cattle were driven when danger was 

The plan is an oblong. The masonry throughout is of an excellent 
description, the walls on both the exterior and interior faces being formed 
of squared stones laid in even courses. The dimensions on the exterior are 
50 feet 6 inches from north to south, and 34 feet 8 inches from east to west. 
The height, from the entrance door sill to the moulding below the parapet, is 
40 feet 3 inches. The elevation is divided, at about one-fourth of its height, 
into two stages by a splayed offset. The wall surfaces are unbroken, save by 

' Beda, Hist. Eccl. lib. iii. cap. 2. 

' ' Item tenent terram adjacentem ecclesiae Sancti Oswald! vocalam Kirk-land, et est gleba dictae 
ecclesiae ; et continet per aest. iii acras terrae arabilis. Et dominus Robertiis de Dissington celebrans 
ibidem, r. p. ann. pro dictis iii acris viiid.' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 6. 

' ' Monstravit nobis Simon de Meynill later praesentium, quod inter ipsum, qui contemplando affectat 
Domino famulari, et fratrem Johannem heremitam apud Sanctum Osewaldum juxta Hextildesham con- 
corditer est consensum, quod simul viventes ibidem heremiticam vitam ducant.' Ibid. vol. i. app. xxxii. 

' This account of Cocklaw tower, originally written and now revised by Mr. W. H. Knowles, is 
reprinted from Trans. Archit. and .4rchal. Soc. oj Durham and Northumberland, vol. iv. p. 309, by the per- 
mission of that society. 



two double-light windows on the first floor and two doorways (one on the 
ground floor and the other on the first floor) with pointed heads. There 
have been machicolations immediately over the entrance doorway, which is 
placed on the ground level. A portion of a turret remains at the south-west 
corner, at the parapet level : this would almost certainly be balanced by one 
terminating the staircase at the north-east corner. 


CocKLAW Tower. 

The main area of the interior is occupied by one large room in the 
basement, and by one room on each of the two floors above. At the south 
end is a series of small chambers four stories high. (See section UU.) 

The principal entrance is on the basement or ground level, at the south 
side of the tower. The outer doorway is a plain one, with an obtusely 
pointed arch formed by two stones ; the opening is 3 feet 10 inches wide, and 
the door was secured by a stout failing bar. This doorway opens into an 



entrance passage 4 feet 7i inches widt, having a pointed vault considerably 
higher than the door-heads. At tiie north end of the passage another 
pointed door, identical in form with the outer one, leads into the basement, 
which measures 31 feet 2 inches in length and 20 feet 10 inches in width; it 
is covered by a slightly segmental barrel vaidt, the crown of which is 12 feet 
1 1 1 inches above the 

Entrance: Passage: 


door sil 

All the 

light which reached 
this vault came from 
a single loop at the 
north end. The walls 
on three sides are 7 
feet thick. On the 
left of the vestibule is 
a vaulted chamber 8 
feet by 5 feet, the 
only access to which 
was by a trap door in 
the floor of the room 
above it (see section 
1)1)). It was not pro- 
vided with a window, 
and was probably used 
as a prison. The pre- 
sent opening between 
it and the entrance pas- 
sage has been broken 
through in modern 
times. On the right of 
the entrance passage 
, I I is a doorway opening 

ipon a newel-staircase, 
which gives access to the upper floors and the battlements. The staircase 
is 6 feet 3 inches in diameter, and is lighted by one loop-hole on the east 
side and by two on the south, each placed opposite to doorways, in order 
to light them. 


WMf\MOWL_t3^ DLL tta IQ9€. 

TT 1 1 l l ' l -~ — '^TY - 

jv-^ < »y^. . 


Sktioh DD, 

E»/\oCMC31T OFl 

CKDurra Fi-An 


riKSTnxiOK f^LAh 



The first floor contained the chief apartment, which is entered by a 
pointed doorway opening from the staircase ; it is 31 feet 3 inches in length, 
22 feet in width, and 14 feet high. The side walls are 6 feet thick. It is lit 
by four windows, two of which are small ones with square heads, one having 
a stepped sill (see section CC). Two larger and double-light windows are 
placed opposite each other in the east and west \\alls, set in lofty full-cen- 
tered recesses with side seats (see section E). The lights are divided by a 
broad chamfered and rebated niullion, and have on the exterior pointed 
trefoil heads worked in one stone. The openings are constructed for 
shutters and iron bars. In the west wall are the remains of a fire-place which 
had a hood, now broken away; the square-shaped flue can still be traced 
ascending by the side of the fire-place on the second floor. In the west wall, 
close to the north end, is a door opening into a latrine, which is lighted by a 
loop on its west side, the drain being in the thickness of the wall. In the 
east wall is a doorway, pointed on the exterior and flat within, placed 17 feet 
above the ground on the outside. There are five holes in the exterior 
masonry : two at the sill level of the door, and three above the head. These 
were, no doubt, intended either for the purpose of attaching fastenings for a 
ladder, which could be drawn up, or to support a platform, or other communi- 
cation with the adjacent walls or buildings. A pointed doorway in the south 
wall opens into a chamber 15 feet 6 inches long and 6 feet 2 inches wide, 
which is lighted by a loop in the south wall. In the floor is the trap door 
before mentioned,, which aff'orded access to the dungeon below. The plaster 
on the walls of this chamber is decorated in colours, with a design probably 
of the sixteenth centurv, now too much decayed to be made out, but very 
clearly shown in a drawing made by Mr. Archer.' 

A squai'e-headed doorway opens from the staircase, midway between the 
level of the first and second floors, into a chamber 15 feet 6 inches long 
and 5 feet 7 inches wide, which is lit by a loop in the south wall (it is marked 
A on the second floor plan, and on the section DD). The height of this 
room is shown bv the corbels, which carried the floor above. 

The second floor, which has been supported bv sixteen corbels rounded 
on the underside, was 31 feet 3 inches long and 22 feet 6 inches wide, and 
was entered by a pointed doorwav 3 feet wide. It was lit bv two small 

' This water-colour drawing is one of a series of views of the principal castles and towers in the 
county, executed about 1862 for the fourth duke of Northumberland, and preserved in a portfolio at 
Alnwick castle. 


square-headed windows. There are the remains of a fire-place in the west 
wall, as shown on the plan. A square-headed doorway in the south wall 
gives access to a chamber marked B on plan and section. It is the same 
size as the chamber marked A. There are some remains of wall-plaster at 
the north end of the first and second floors. 

The staircase is continued to the roof level. There are no parapet walls 
now existing, but on the dressed masonry of the west side of the turret is 
worked a weather moulding, which indicates the pitch of the roof (see sec- 
tion CC) ; on two sides of this turret is a cornice, so much decayed that the 
e.xact section is uncertain. It may be inferred that the staircase itself ter- 
minated in a similar turret. The machicolations placed between the turrets, 
and commanding the entrance door, wliich is immediately beneath, were 
supported by four corbels of three projections, placed 18 inches apart.' 


Willm Henderson, Thomas Henderson, able with hors and harnes ; Georg Henderson, Thomas 
Brown, Robert Person, Ric. Person, Thomas Person, Lyonell Person, Robert Henderson, Andro Sorby,' 
John Sorby, George Sorby, Lyonell Eryngton, Thomas Eryngton, Ric. Eryngton, Willm Kell, RoUand 
Kyrsope, .\llex. Elwald, John Newbegyn, George Kersope, John Newbigin, Georg Nevvbigin, able with 
hors and harnes. 

In the north-east corner of the township, about three-quarters of a mile 
from Watling Street and the same distance from the Erring burn, on a grassy 
knoll, approached by a road from the east and west and sheltered on the 
north bv a clump of sycamores, is the homestead'' now known as Errington 
or West Errington, but formerly described as Errington hall, and in Captain 
Armstrong's map of 1769 called a castle. It is now a substantial stone-built 
house facing south. Its plain front presents a quaint appearance, with a 
formal line of six narrow windows on the upper floor and corresponding 
apertures on the ground floor, enriched bv eff'ective mouldings. Farm 
oflRces are attached. Froiu this, their ancient home, the family of Errington 
took their name, and it seems to be more appropriate to give the pedigree 
and historv of the family here than under their later and more imposing seat 
of Beaufront. 

Kobert de Errington and Ralph de Errington occur about 1228;'^ and 
the record has been preserved of a sale of two families of neifs {nativt) by 

' Cocklaw has been purchased lately by Mr. J. B. Clayton finm the owners of the Errington estates. 
= Arch. Ad. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 189. ' Possibly the earlier form of Soulsby. 

* Errington and Errington Red-house farms contain i ,164 acres, which produce ^1,286 a year; Errington 
Hillhead farm, of 425 acres, is of the annual value of^28o. Newcastle Joiirital, i8th July, 1896. 
' Lansdowne MS. ccccii. 16 b; Archbishop Gray's Register, Raine, Surtees Soc. vol. 56, p. 228 n. 

























Robert de Errington to Archbishop Gray, in consideration of twenty pounds 

of silver.' Both Upper and Lower Errington occur in the Subsidy Roll of 

1295; but the particulars relating to the former place are defective, and 

the latter is grouped with Fallowfield.^ In the following year Robert de 

Errington and John de Vaux were appointed by Archbishop Romayne to be 

commissioners, to arrav his tenants within the regality of Hexham against 

the anticipated inroad of the Scots. These preparations did not turn aside 

the men of Galloway, who ravaged^ Northumberland and Hexhamshire, 

burning with fire the priory of Hexham, and in the school two hundred 

bovs.' The 'vill' of Errington was also burnt, and devastated by the Scots, 

in the time of Archbishop Bowet (1408-1423).^ 

The four men who appeared at the muster of 1538 all bore the name 

of Errington ; and about the same period Gilbert Errington and five 

men of Errington were appointed to go, if called upon, to Berwick 'in the 

tyme of necessite."' 

Erryngton Muster Roll, 1538.' 
Thomas Erj-ngton, Matho Heryngton, Roger Heirngton, Christofer Heryngton, able with hors and 

In 1547 Nicholas Errington held freehold lands at Errington and 
Cocklaw at a rent of 24s. Sid.;** and Gilbert Errington held lands in Errington 
bv copv of Court Roll,^ Paying yearly £'] 6s. Sd.,'' and twenty-one years later 
the heirs of Nicholas Errington held Cocklaw, Errington, Fallowfield, Keep- 
wick, Wharmley hall, Stonecroft, Prior house. Hill house, Nakedale, etc.'" 

Many pieces of evidence seem to show that the family of Errington was 
not only one of the oldest, but also one of the most important in Hexhamshire. 
Their association with the lords of the regality and with the prior of Hexham 
has been already noticed. On 14th June, 1328, there was a mandate from 
Archbishop Melton to the bailiff of Hexham to take an inquisition on the 
death of Robert de Eryngton who held a tenement in capite.'' This Robert 
had given to John de Eryngton and Alina his wife (doubtless the couple to 

' ' Omnibus, etc. Robertas de Erington salutem. Noverit uni\ ersitas vestra me vendidisse venerabili 
domino et patri in Christo carissimo, W. Dei gratia Ebon archiepiscopo, etc. Robertum de Farinside et 
Thomam fratrem ejus, cum omni sequela eorum, natives meos, quos dirtationavi in curia dicti domini 
archiepiscopi apud Hexiild' per breve de native, anno consecrationis ejusdem vicesimo, die Lunac proxima 
post octabas S. Martini in hyeme (21st November, 1234). Pro hac autem venditione dedit mihi dominus 
archiepiscopus xx libras argenti eodem die.' Lanidownc MS. ccccii. 17 a; Archbislivp Gray's RtgisUr, 
Surtees Soc. vol. 56, p. 2S2. 

■Vol. iii. p. 32. ' In the raid made upon Northumberland in 1138, by Edgar, son of Cospatric, 

earl of Dunbar, and his cousins Robert and Uctred, sons of Meldred, the lands at Errington belonging to 
the canons of Hexham were plundered. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. preface Ixx. and p. 95. 

* Ibid. vol. i. p. Ixxx. preface. ' Vol. iii. p. 66. " Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. i. preface cix. 

' Arch. Acl. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 191. ° Vol. iii. p. 82. ' Ibid. p. 66. 

'" Fcodary's Book; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. Ixvi. " York Registers, Melton. 425 a. 

Vol. IV. 24 


whose memory the monument at St. John Lee is dedicated) a moiety of the 
manor of Errington, which, owing to the deaths of their sons, Thomas 
Anthony and William, without issue, had in 135 1 come into the possession 
of Isabella, wife of William de Redeshagh or Redshaw, daughter [or wife] 
of the aforesaid William. William and Isabella Redshaw's right was dis- 
puted, but at length acknowledged by John of Acomb, clerk; the agreement 
arrived at was acknowledged before the archbishop's justices.' William de 
Errington was high sheriff of Northumberland in 1373. Before 1387 John 
Errington married Elizabeth, a daughter of John de Vau.\ of Beaufront, and he 
is named in the entail of Beukley and Portgate, which estates ultimately came 
to his descendants." In the sixteenth century, through the marriage of Gilbert 
Errington and Dorothy, daughter of David Carnaby of Beaufront, that estate 
was acquired which subsequently became the chief residence of the family. 
From the second marriage of Gilbert Errington and Grace, daughter of 
Gawen Rutherford of Rudchester, descended the Erringtons of Keepwick, 
etc. In the great Civil War, Henry Errington suffered for his loyalty to 
the king by the forfeiture of his estates ; but Beaufront house, Acomb mill, 
the manor and estate of Fallowfield, the township of East Errington, Keep- 
wick, etc., were purchased on his behalf from the treason trustees.^ 

In 1606 the heiresses of John Carnaby held copyhold lands in East 
Errington, Keepwick, and Keepwick mill, at a rent of ^14 14s., which were 
worth ^53 6s. 8d. over and above the rent.^ The subsequent history of these 
places is related in the Errington pedigree and the evidences appended to it. 

John Errington, commonly called the chief of Beaufront, who was de- 
scribed by Ambrose Barnes as ' a person of great parts, great breeding, and of 
a magnificent soul,' was in 1686 admitted to the freedom of the Hoastmen's 
and Merchant Adventurers' companies of Newcastle (he being a considerable 
trader in lead) bv mandate of James II. He died, unmarried, in December, 
1713, when he was succeeded by his brother William, also a member of the 
Merchants' company, who, by great prudence, guided the family fortunes 
through the critical times of the rebellion of 1715, which involved in ruin 
the neighbouring families of Radcliffe and Shafto. He did not go out,'"' 
but allowed his younger brother Thomas (ultimatelv his successor), a man 

' York Registers, Melton, 440 b. -' Hodgson, Nortliumberlaiitl, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 234. 

^ Royalist Composition Papers, Cal. iv. vol. G 10, 18, 30, 72, 83, 84, 98, 157. ' \'ol. iii. p. 102. 

^ Though Henry Johnson, writing to Henry Liddell from Newcastle on the 9th October, 171 5, says 
'the chief of Beaufront' was with the company which proclaimed the Pretender at Rothbury. Diary of 
Lady Mary Cowper, Cowper, p. 186. 


of arms, to join Lord Derwentwater. Thomas Errington, who ' had for- 
merly been an officer in the French service, where he had got the reputation 
of a good soldier,' was appointed to the command of Lord Widdrington's 
or the second troop of the forces:' he was taken prisoner at Preston, and 
put upon his trial, when he pleaded guilty, was committed to Newgate,^ but 
subsequently pardoned. He was possessed of estates in Hallington and 
Little Whittington, which are now worth £\ ,400 a year, but then produced 
;^305 I OS. ; rents from certain leasehold lands brought up his income to 
;^320 13s. 6id. K\\ his property was forfeited to the Crown ; but his wife's 
portion of ;^2,ooo had been, by her marriage settlement, secured on Hallington 
to herself and her younger children ; and numerous creditors and mortgagees 
presented claims which amounted to ;^3,749.^ 

Thomas Errington died in 1748, and was succeeded by his grandson, 
John Errington, whose traditional position as the chief of Beaufront and 
many whimsical qualities endeared him to his neighbours and still preserve 
his memory. His patriotic efforts to rebuild Hexham bridge, and the great 
loss which he suffered by its destruction, have already been related. He was 
provincial grand master of the Freemasons in 1776. His portrait, engraved 
from a miniature by Cosway, was published in 1798. Henry Swinburn, 
writing on the 4th September, 1779, says: 'I dined at Beaufront with Mr. 
Errington, who is as cracked as ever man was. I wonder he is still allowed 
to be at large and to see company. He has the mania of fancying he has 
been created duke of Hexham. He has erected a pillar in his grounds, with 
the ducal arms, supporters, and coronet, on Stagshaw Bank ; a most public 
station, as it is the rendezvous of an annual fair. A foreign title is his idea, 
for a foreign crown is over his door.'* 

Subsequently, having written to the king requiring a confirmation of his 
title to be duke of Hexham, a commission of lunacv was taken out against 
him, when Lords Sefton, Sidney, Berkley, and Stourton gave evidence. He 
was one of the witnesses' to the ceremony performed (in contravention of 
the Royal Marriage Act) on the 21st December, 1785, by which his niece, 
Mrs. Fitzherbert, became the morganatic wife of George, Prince of Wales, 
afterwards King George IV. After being a lunatic under the commission 
for many years, he died unmarried and intestate on the 2Sth June, 1827, the 
last male heir in a direct line of this very ancient family. 

' Patten, History of the Rebellion, p. 48. ^ Ibid. p. 1 16. ' Forfeited Estates Papers, E. ' Swinburr, 
Courts of Modern Europe, vol. i. p. 2S9. * Dictioiuiry of National Biography, sub. Mrs. Fitzherbert. 




Arms : Argent, Iwo liars and in chief I/tree escallops azure. Visi/ation. 
Gilbert Errington of Errington, living 1504 = 

Nicholas Errington of Errington, high sheriff = 
of Northumberland, 1515-16 (/)). 

Gilbert Errington of Errington, = Jane, daughter of Sir Nicholas Ridley, 
living 1509. I knight. 


Gilbert Errington of = 
Errington, son and 
heir, living 1528. 

John Errington = , daughter of Thomas. 

John Brandling. Hugh. 

Nicholas Errington of 
Errington held Cock- 
law in 1547; died s.p. 
before 156S. 

Anne, daughter of Sir Reginald Carnaby 
of Halton, knight. 

Barbara ; married Nicholas Carnaby 
and died s./>. 

Doroth}', daughter of 
David Carnaby of 
Beaufront ; first 

Gilbert Errington of Er- = Grace, daughter of 
rington, son and heir ; Gawen Ruiher- 

purchased lands at ford ; 2nd wife. 

Beaufront in 1585. 

I I I I 

Jane ; married John 
Ridley, second 
son of Sir Hugh 

I I I 
-Michael [or Nicholas (c)] 



Ralph Errington ; in 1643 of Keepwick. \U 


William Errington of Benwell ; married, first, Isabel, daughter 

of George Heron, and, second, Elizabeth Hatton ; named 

in will of Dorothy Errington in 1643. ^ 

John Errington of P>- = Dorothy, daughter of Edward 

rington andWharm- 
ley, afterwards of 
Beaufront, son and 
heir; living 1615, 
dead before 1626. 

Widdrington of Great Swin- 
burn ; devisee of daughter 
Dorothy in 1643 ; will dated 
Newcastle, 13th Sept., 
1643 («). 

! I 

Thomas Nicholas Errington of Keep- 

Errington wick, aged circa 40, 5th 

[PofFour- July, 1599; with son 
stones]. Thomas named in will 

of Dorothy Errington in 

1643. 4/ 

I I 

Jane ; married John 
Hall of Otterburn ; 
living 1643. 

Mary ; married Wil- 
liam Stockell of 

Henry Errington = Eliz,ibeth, 

of Errington and 
Beaufront, son 
and heir ; was 
aged 15 in 1615 ; 
a delinquent in 

daughtei of 
Sir George 
Selby of 

.. I. . . 

William Errington ; was apprenticed 
on St. John Baptist day, i5iS, to a 
member of the Skinners' company 
of London (^) ; died before 1643, 
having devised his lands at Stone- 
croft, Xunbush, Grotington, Port- 
gate, \Vhittington,and Plankey to 
his sister Dorothy. 

I I i 

Jane ; married Thomas Rutherford. 

Dorothy ; heiress to her brother William ; 

will dated 1643 (n). 

Ursula Errington of Wharnley, parish 

of Warden ; will dated 23rd Dec , 1625; 

'to be buried in churchyard of St. John 

Lee' («). 

John Errington 
of Beaufront, 
son and heir 
[? buried 25th 

Agnes, daughter of Edward 
Errington ; married at 
Hexham, 7th May, 1655, 
their banns having been 
published in He.xham 
market place (0). 

I I 

William Errington of Erring- = Dorothy ; Elizabeth; named 

ton; surrendered Beau- buried Nov., in will of Ralph 

front in 1678 to son John ; 1678 (a). Errington of 

died in father's lifetime Ponteland in 

and buried 12th June, 1663. 
1691 (a). 

(a) St. John Lee Register. (c) Howard and Vincent Collections at Heralds' college. 

(^) A/isc. Gen. et Herald. 3rd series, vol. i. part 10, p. 104. («) Raine, Test. Dimelm. 

(p) Hexham Register. (^p) .-irch. Ael. vol. vi. p. 100. 



John Errington of Errington and of Beaufront, son and heir ; 
' a person of great parts, great breeding, and of a magnificenl 
soul, John Errington, esq., commonly called the chef of Beau- 
front' (/{■) ; 1686, was admitted free of the Hoastman's company 
of Newcastle by mandate of King James 11. (/;) ; died unmarried 
19th Dec, buried 2gth Dec, 1713 {a) ; administration 20th 
Feb., 1718/9, granted to his brother William (rf). 

William Errington of Erring- 
ton ; buried 22nd Feb., 
1725/6 (a) ; administra- 
tion 3rd July, 1727, 
granted to Joshua Douglas, 
a creditor (rf). 

, daughter 

of ... Girling- 
ton of Thur- 
land castle, 

Thomas Errington of Sandhoe ; in 1686 
was admittecl free of Hoastman's com- 
pany of Newcastle by mandate of King 
James II. (Ji) ; died 30th May, 1748, 
' the chief of that family' (Ji). aged 88 
(0 ; will dated 31st Aug., 1741 ; proved 

1751 W- 

Mary, daughter of John 
Douglas of Newcastle 
and Halton (c) ; set- 
tlement before mar- 
riage, 2l5t and 22nd 
Nov., 1700 ; marriage 
portion /"2,ooo. 

Edward (c) Dorothy [Perpetua, a nun 
[? buried at Bruges in 1737]. 
27th July, \ second daughter, married 
i6g9(a)]. ... Hamilton, of Ire- 
Henry (<:). land (c). 

A third daughter, married 



John Errington of Beau- 
front, son and heir ; was 
aged 10 years in 1718 ; 
marriage settlement 17th 
Oct., 1734 ; died in 
father's lifetime ; buried 
7th Feb., 1740/1 (a) ; 
will dated 25th June, 
1737 W ; proved 1741. 

Maria, daughter of James 
Levery of London and 
widow of Joseph Griffin of 
Bickmarsh, Warwickshire. 
She remarried for her 
third husband Thomas 
Molyneux of Croxieth, 
Lancashire, son of Wil- 
liam, Viscount Molineux ; 
died in London, 14th 
Aug., 1795, aged 86. 

William Errington of Sandhoe ; 
was aged 9 years in 1718 ; 
died in his chariot at Hexham, 
25th Feb., 1766 (/) (!<); will 
dated 3rd Aug., 1765 (r/) ; 
proved 1766 ; devised real 
estate to nephew Henry Er- 
rington ; unmarried ; buried 
at St. John Lee («). 

Alice, born 24th Feb., 
t702 («) ; married 
5th Feb., 172930, 
John Fenwick of 
Bywell (a), and 
was buried at By- 
well, 22nd Nov., 
■ 731 (f). 

Ann ; was aged 14 years in 171S ; married Taylor White of 
Lincoln's Inn, son of Thomas White of Tuxford, Notts (c). 

Mary ; was aged 13 years in 1718 ; married Thomas Bradford 
of Durham, M.D. ; articles before marriage, 8th Feb., 1747/8 
(jC) ; died at Beaufront, March, 1749 (m). 

John Errington, 
died in infancy 
and was buried 
at Bath Has- 
ten (c). 

John Errington of Erring- 
ton, ' the chief of Beau- 
front,' died intestate 
28th June and buried 
l6th July, 1S27, aged 
8g (a), but had been 
lunatic for many years 
before death ; s.p. 

Henry Errington of Sandhoe and of; 
Redrice, Hants. ; married by special 
licence, Aug., 1769 (c) ; marriage set- 
tlement, 4th Aug., 1769; died s.p. at 
Stable Yard, St. James', Westminster, 
aged 81, and was buried, 
1819, at Paddington (/) ; will dated 
13th Jan., 18 14 (/) ; proved. Prerogative 
Court, Canterbury, 14th Jan., 1820. 

: Maria, daughter of Thomas 
Hill of Tern, Salop, 
and widow of Sir Brian 
Broughton, bart. (r) ; 
sister to Noel, Lord 
Berwick ; died Sth Jan., 

Mary Ann ; married Walter Smyth of 
Brambridge, Hants., brother to Sir 
Edward Smyth of Esh (c). -4/ 

Frances; married firstly, 13th Sept., 1759, William Middleton 
of Stokeld ; and secondly, William P'ermor of Tusmore, 
Oxon., by whom she left issue (<:)• 4- 

(«) St. John Lee Register. 
(6') Gentiemaris Magazine^ 1748. 
(c) Howard and Vincent Collec- 
tions at Heralds' college. 

((/) Raine, Test. Ebor, 
(/) Newcastle Journal., 1st Mar., 1766. 
(/;) Brand, Neucastle, vol. ii. p. 299. 
(0 Newcastle Courant, 28th May, 1748. 

(/f) Memoir of Ambrose Barnes, p. 1 64. 
(/) Abstract of Title, with Messrs. 

Clayton & Gibson. 
(m) Newcastle Courant, 4th Mar., 1749. 

Evidences of Errington Pedigree. 

1595, loth March. Commission to Mr. William Assheton, vicar of Bywell Andrew, to commit the 
administration of the personal estate of Robert Errington of Sandhoe to .Margaret Errington, wife of 
Edward Errington of Anicke, sister of deceased, to the use of Thomas, Elizabeth, and .Anne Errington, 
children of deceased, minors. 


i597> '5'h March. Administration of the personal estate of Robert Errington of Sandhoe granted to 
Thomas Errington of Anick, to the use of Thomas Errington, son of deceased, and he is made his tutor. 

1600, 20th May. Administration of the personal estate of Roger Errington of .Sando granted to 
Marian Errington his widow, to her own use and that of Edward, Richard, Ellen, and Ann Errington, 
children of deceased.' 

1602, 3rd May. Administration of the personal estate of John Errington of the chapelrj' of St. Oswald 
granted to Anne Errington, his widow.' 

1604. John Errington of Errington, gent., and Edward Errington of the same place, gent., were 
charged with having, on the 29th March, on .Matfen Moor, feloniously robbed Mark Harrison of 
Morpeth, chapman, of certain linen cloth and other articles.^ 

1626. Henry Errington of Bufront, esq., surrenders the vill of East Errington and Errington hall, 
which belonged to John Errington, his father, to the use of Sir William Lambton, co. Durham, to 
secure ^300.' 

1629. Henry Errington of IJufront, esq., surrenders the capital messuage called Lee Kirk hall, etc., 
and a messuage in Kepwick now in occupation of Nicholas Errington, gent., to the use of the said Nicholas, 
to secure ^160.' 

1643. Will of Dorothy Errington of Newcastle, second daughter of John Errington of Beaufront, esq. 
Dorothy Errington, my mother; William Errington, my brother deceased ; my cousin David ; my brother- 
in-law Thomas Rutherford, gent., my sister Jane Rutherford, his wife, and my nephew William Rutherford, 
her son ; my cousin Barbara Shafto; my uncle Nicholas Errington of Keepwick and his son Thomas ; my 
aunt Jane Hall of Otterburn ; my aunt Katherine Widdrington ; my cousin Ursula Mountney, and her 
sister, Katherine Widdrington; my cousin Henry Widdrington of St. Anthony's; my brother Henry 
Errington ; Thomas Errington, eldest son of Thomas Errington of Fourstones. ' 

1643, 13th September. Will of Dorothy Errington of Newcastle, widow, late wife of John Errington, 
late of Beaufront, esq. To my nephew John Widdrington of Newcastle, gent., and his heirs, my lands in 
Stonecroft, Nunbusse, Grotington, Portgate, Whittington, Naicht Eele iiHiis Plankey, in the county of 
Northumberland, left to me by Dorothy Errington, my daughter lately deceased, which she had by the 
will of William Errington, esq., my son. My daughter Dorothy left a legacy to David Errington, gent. 
The said John Widdrington to pay to the Rt. Hon. William Lord Widdrington of Widdrington two twente 
and two shilling peeces of gould to make him a signett ringe, which I desire his honour will be pleased to 
wear for my sake. To my daughter Jane, wife of Thomas Rotherford, gent., ^40 ; to William Rotherford, 
her son; to Katherine Widdrington, my sister, sometime wife to Benjamin Widdrington; my cousin 
Henry Widdrington of St. Anthoines, gent., and his daughter; my cousin Ursula Mounteney, wife of 
Arnold Mounteney; my brother-in-law Ralph Errington of Keepwick, gent., and Dorothy his daughter ; my 
brother-in-law William Errington, gen.; my sister-in-law Jane Hall of Otterburn, late wife of John Hall of 
Otterburn, esq., deceased; my cousin David Errington; my cousin Thomas Errington, son of Nicholas 
Errington, gent.; my cousin Henry Mallorie, son of Robert Mallorie, gent., deceased, late of Studley, 
CO. York ; my cousin Barbara Shafto (my faithful servant), £^ per annum ; Isabel Shafto, her mother ; 
the four children of Thomas Errington, late of Fourstones, deceased. Proved at Durham in 1644.'' 

1650. Henry Errington, son of John Errington of Byfront or Beaufront, being adjudged a delinquent, 
petitioned for and obtained an allowance of i/5th of his estate for his wife and children. The Royalist 
Composition Papers show that considerable sums had been raised on the estates by granting annuities, 
e.g., Richard Knight of Dunstan-in-the-West, London, in i5i6, purchased an annuity out of the manor 
of West Errington ; in 1642, Richard Carnaby was granted an annuity out of West Errington and 

1653, i8th January. Henry Errington, Thomas and George Bell, Nicholas Fenwick, and George 
Chatter, complain that, being tenants of the sequestered estate of Henry Errington at Beaufront, Grot- 
ington, etc., William Co.x and other bailiffs of Hexham manor have distrained them for old arrears of fee 

' Raine, Test. Eboy. '' Bell Collection, Alnwick castle. ' Hexham Manor Rolls, 

' Raine, Test. Diinetm. ' Royalist Composition Papers, Cal. part iv. vol. C 84, p. 1013 ; Ibid. 10, p. 203. 


f;irm rents due before they took the farms, compelled them to pay, and spoiled their cattle, so that by 
threats of new distresses many are ready to leave their farms ; they beg restoration of the moneys, or 
allowances thereof in their rents.' 

In 1663, William Errington, esq., was rated : for Beaufront, ^35 ; Fallowfield, ^15 ; Keepwick, ^35 ; 
Cocklaw, ^50 ; Errington, ^100 ; Grotington, £20 (or £26) ; Anick, ;f 16 ; all in the parish of St. John 
Lee, and for Haining and Harlaw in the parish of Simondburn.'-' 

1674/5, i6th January. Will of .\nn Errington of Heslewood, Hull. My sister Bacon, my son Errington, 
my son-in-law John Errington of Durham, esq., my brother Mr. Chr. Bacon of Hexham. Proved 1678.^ 

1683. Henry Lambton of Lambton, co. Durham, esq., makes John Carr of Hexham, his deputy, to 
surrender the vill of East Errington and Errington hall to the use of Edward Radcliffe of Dilston, esq., 
and Benoni Carr of Hexham, gent.' 

1684, 20th September. Administration of John Errington, esq., of Durham, granted to Anne his widow.' 
1686, 26th April. James II. to the mayor and to the governors of the Hoastman's company and 

Merchants' company, Newcastle : ' Trusty and well-beloved we greete you well. Whereas it hath beene 
represented unto us that John Errington and Thomas Errington of Beaufront, in our county of Northum- 
berland, gentlemen, are considerable dealers in leade in that our towne and county of Newcastle, wee have 
thought fitt hereby to require you to make them freemen, free hoastmen, and free merchants of our said 
towne and county of Newcastle, any constitution, custome, or order to the contrary in anywise notwith- 
standing, with which wee are gratiously pleased to dispence on their behalf. And for soe doeing this shall 
be your warrant. And soe we bidd you farewell.' John and Thomas Errington were admitted 25th June, 

1695, 2ist January. Will of William Errington of Hexham, yeoftian. To my wife Margaret Errmgton 
all my leasehold houses and grounds at Fourstones ; my three children .Ann, Elizabeth, and Margaret 
Errington ; my loving brother Richard Lambert to give counsel and advice to my said wife. Proved 25th 
June, 1696. 

1700, 17th July. John Errington of Beaufront, with John Rowell of Hexham, presented by the Grand 
Jury for enclosing part of the common where the fair was formerly accustomed to be kept at Stag- 
shaw Bank." 

1702, i8th June. .Administration of Elizabeth Errington of Beaufront granted to Gilbert Errington, 
gent., her son.' 

At the Sessions, held at Morpeth, nth January, 1709, John Errington, esq., of Beaufront proposed, at 
his own charges, to make the Tyne navigable from Newburn to Hexham if an .-Xct of Parliament could be 

The estates forfeited by Thomas Errington for taking part in the rebellion of 171 5 were : Hallington, 
1,200 acres. Little Whittington, Portgate Leazes, a leasehold colliery at Fourstones, and a leasehold farm 
at Spites (sic) in the parish of Warden. Besides the trustees of his marriage settlement, who claimed for 
and obtained his wife's marriage portion of ^2,000, which was secured to her children upon Hallington, the 
following creditors, in December, 1717, entered claims : Thomas Errington of Capheaton, ;£ii5; .Andrew 
Wise of Newcastle, merchant, ^100; Charles Smithson of Newcastle, gent., £300 ; Elizabeth Huddleston 
of Newcastle, widow, £300 ; William Mitford of Newcastle, master and mariner, .^^200 ; William Wilkinson 
of Hallington, yeoman, ;f 50 ; Thomas Teasdale of Steel hall, gent., ;f 100 ; Ralph Soulsby of .Anick Grange, 
gent., £10; Thomas Robson of Low Shield Green, in Chollerton, yeoman, /'150; and subsequently Ann 
Marshall of York, spinster, ;f4oo ; Dame Barbara Villiers, .£1,800 ; and Valentine Errington, Philip 
Dixon, Thomas Howey, and Jane Hamilton, for servants' wages amounting to £1^ 9s. od.° 

1717, 20th .\pril. William Errington of Beaufront, as a Roman Catholic, registered the following 
estates: a capital messuage called Beaufront, Beaufront Hill head, rent £i<); West Errington alias 

' Royalist Composition Papers, Cal. part iv. vol. G 84, p. loio. 

- Book of Rates: Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. ' He.^ham Manor Rolls. 

' Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, F. W. Dendy, p. 231, Surtees Soe. vol. 93. 

■^ Northumberland Sessions Records. ' Ibid. 

» Forfeited Estates Papers, E 17, Nos. 17, 698, S63, 905, 914, 923,967, 979, 1,326. 


Cocklaw, ^^160; Cocklaw Walk mill, ^11; East Errington, j^ 100; East Emngton Red-house, ^100; East 
Errington hall-liouse, ^30: Beukley copyhold, ^100; Keepwick, ^122 17s. 6d.; Keepwick corn mill, £2^, 
Grotinglon, ^70; Anick Red-house, cottage, and colliery, ^55; Holling-hall. ^50; Haining in Simond- 
burn, ;{;65; Corbridge tithes, ^269 ; Kirkley Thorn, ^125 ; Beanridge in Kirklcy, ^27; Kirklcy mill, ;{;i2.' 

1720, 5th April. Administration of Edward Errington, gen., of Corbridgc, granted to Margaret, wife 
of John Robson, gen., and Frances Errington, spinster, and Jane, wife of Thomas Loraine, gen., her 

1725, 15th December. Will of Frances Errington, of the parish of .St. Andrew, Hoborn, spinster. To 
be buried in the churchyard of St. I'ancras, in the same vault where my father was buried. All my lands, 
manors, and real estate to Stephen Barnes of Gray's Inn, esq., and Nicholas Hall of Furnival's Inn, gent., 
in trust to pay my cousin Elizabeth Fenwick, who now lives with me, £10 per annum, and ^20 per annum 
also to my cousin Frances Errington, who also lives with me, and £%o per annum to my mother, Everille 
Errington, out of my houses, co. Middlesex, during my term. My manor, etc., co. York, to be conveyed 
to the use of my cousin John Errington, son of Gilbert Errington, co. Northumberland, gent., and grandson 
of Benjamin Errington, late of Berwick hill, in Northumberland, esq., for life, and to his heirs. My interest 
in Blythe Nooke, co. Northumberland. My cousin Lancelot Errington of Newcastle and his wife £\o 
each. To the nephews and half nephews of George Errington, esq., my late father, a guinea each. To 
John Mayre of Gray's Inn, gen., my father's law books. Proved 3rd November, 1740." 

1725/6, 8th February. Will of John Errington of He.xham, skinner and glover. My house in Priest- 
popple to second son John Errington : my wife ; my daughter Isabel Errington, a minor; residue to eldest 
son Peter Errington; my brother Michael Errington executor. Proved 20th February, 1726/7.- 

1737, 25th June. Will of John Errington of Beaufront, esq. Not more than ^^30 to be spent on my 
funeral. To my aunt, Perpetua Errington, at Bruges, ^20; to my sister Mary Errington, £10 ; to Mrs. 
Rose Leverey, /"20 ; to Francis Prujeon, esq., and Ann, his wife, £\o each ; the rest to Thomas Swinburn 
of Capheaton, gent., John Hilton of Hilton, esq., William Stourton of Gray's Inn, esq., and Edward Webbe 
of Gray's Inn, esq., in trust to pay debts, etc. ; then for children ; failing them, to go to my brother William 
Errington, if I have no son living till 21. My father Thomas Errington not to be required to account 
with me for the personal estate of my late uncle, William Errington, esq., to whom I was executor. To 
Mr. John Howard, who now lives with me, .£100. My wife Maria and trustees to be executors. Proved 
31st August, 1741." 

1741, 31st August. Will of Thomas Errington of Sandhoe, esq. To my son William Errington, ;f5oo 
and my lands, collieries, etc., at Fourstones ; to my daughter Mary Errington, ^^20 ; the marriage settle- 
ment of my son John Errington. Proved nth January, 1750/1.- 

1756, 9th June. Will of Valentine Errington of Fourstones. My nephew and niece, Robert and 
Margaret Harrison, my nephew Thomas Errington, my nephew Leadbitter, £'^ each ; wife £\o per annum. 
John Knott (?) to receive and pay to William Errington, esq., the colliery account. Will of Valentine 
Errington of Fourstones proved loth April, 1758, by John Knott, sole executor. '^ 

1765, 3rd August. Will of William Errington of Sandhoe, esq. To my nephew Henry Errington, 
younger son of my late brother John Errington, esq., deceased, all my lands and personal estate ; to the 
eldest daughter of my said brother, /^loo; to his younger daughter, £^o\ to my niece Soulsby, wife of 
Ralph Soulsby, esq., ^50, and to her two daughters ;f20. 'I recommend my executor to continue the 
working of the mines, collieries, and smelting mill, which I now do, and recommend him to continue 
John Donkin in the management of the same.' To the poor of the parish of St. John Ley, ;fio; to Mr. 
Berry of Beaufront, £\o for the poor; to the Rev. Mr. Stokoe of St. John Ley, a full suit of mourning. 
My nephew Henry e.xecutor. Proved 24th March, 1766." 

At the Quarter Sessions, held at Hexham, i6th July, 1766, a claim was entered by Mary, wife of Kalph 
Soulsby of Hallington, to the estates of the late William Errington of Sandhoe, and by him bequeathed 
to his nephew Henry Errington (youngest son of his late brother, John Errington, esq., deceased). The 
petitioner alleged the devisee's legal disqualification to the succession on the ground of his being a papist, 
and that she Mary, wife .of Ralph Soulsby, was the next of the said William Enington's kin who was 

! Register with clerk of the peace. '" Raine, Test. Ebor. 


Protestant. The estates claimed were East and West Oakwood, and Portgate, in the parish of St. John 
Lee, Little Whittington, in the parish of Corbridge, The Lee, in the parish of Bywell St. Andrew, etc' 

In 1794 Mr. Errington advertised to be let the following farms: Beaufront Hiilhead, 130 acres; 
Fawcett Hill, 44 acres; Grotington West farm, 266 acres; Cocklaw fulling mill and land, 17 acres; and 
again, in 1819, he advertised to let the following farms: Hallington South farm, 248 acres ; Hallington 
North farm, 216 acres; Hallington Newhouse East farm, 248 acres, and West farm, 207 acres; 
Errington East farm, 291 acres, and West farm, 297 acres; Red-house, 561 acres ; Keepwick, 453 acres ; 
Grotington, 491 acres; Errington Hiilhead, 424 acres; Cocklaw West farm, 212 acres, and East farm, 217 
acres; Hiilhead, 258 acres; Beaufront Hiilhead, 122 acres." 

On the death of John Errington of Beaufront his real estate descended 
to his heirs-at-law, the two infant daughters and co-heiresses of Walter 
Smyth of Brambridge (the eldest son of John Errington's eldest sister) 
and William Fermor of Tusmore (eldest son of. the younger sister).' His 
younger brother, Henry Errington of Sandhoe, had died eight years pre- 
viously, and by will dated 13th January, 18 14, had devised a large sum of 
money to trustees for the purchase of lands to be settled in the same 
manner as his own real estate.* The latter the testator devised first to his 
nephew, Richard Fermor (who predeceased him), with remainder to his own 
great-great-nephew, Rowland Stanley (second son of Sir Thomas Stanley 
of Hooton in Cheshire), with a shifting remainder in case of the heir 
succeeding to the Stanley estates. With the approbation of the court the 
trustees of the will purchased, with the personalty, several of the farms^ 
which descended to and were sold by the heirs-at-law of John Errington. 
At the death of Sir John Stanlev Errington, without issue, in 1893, these 
estates reverted to the Fermor familv, several of whose members had at 
different times sold their reversionarv interest. These rights were so 
disposed of that one-eighth share was ultimately acquired by Sir John 
Swinburne, one-quarter by Mr. John Straker, one-quarter by Mr. John 
Clayton, and a quarter which had not been sold descended to Sir F. 
Harvey-Bathurst, and one-eighth to Messrs. Bevile and Edward Ramsay. 

The following tables u'ill show the descents of the co-heirs : 


' Norihumhcrland Sessions Records. ' Newcastle newspapers. 

' Abstract of title with Messrs. Clayton & Gibson. 

' The freehold estates devised by Henry Errington's will, dated 13th January, 1814, were : Stephenson's 
farm, 74 acres; Brewery field, 10 acres; Sands closes, 17 acres; the Boat house east close and Bridge- 
end field. Bridge-end island, 3 acres; High Balk, 165 acres; Little Whittinyton out-ground, 61 acres; 
Little Whittington south farm, 172 acres; Portgate, 304 acres ; Sandhoe Low hall, 50 acres; Anick, 69 
acres; East Oakwood, 211 acres; West Oakwood, 165 acres; Fern hill, 338 acres; Fences, 52 acres; 
Portgate East field, 18 acres, etc. ; in all, 1,705 acres, and the three quarters of Acomb corn tithes. 

^ The freehold estates, purchased by the trustees of his will, were: The Hallington (aims, 1,300 acres; 
Keepwick mill and ground, 48 acres; Grotington and Hezeldean, 938 acres ; Little \\ hiltington, 3S9 acres; 
Haining, 3,450 acres; East and West Cocklaw, Cocklaw Hiilhead, and fulling mill, 704 acres; part of 
Sandhoe Low hall, 13 acres. The copyhold estates purchased wcie : East and West Errington, and 
Errington Red-house, i,i6S acres; Beuckly, 411 acres; Keepwick. 445 acres. 

Vol. IV. 25 




William Smyth of Brambridge, Southamptonshire, 
second son of Sir John Smyth of Esh, co. Durham, 
third baronet; died 14th Jan., 1788. 

Mary Anne, daughter of John Errington of Errington 
and Beaufront ; married nth Sept., 1755, at Wal- 
ton, CO. Lancaster ; buried 2nd Feb., 1807, at 
St. Peter and St. Paul, Bath. 

Walter Smyth of Brambridge, 
son and heir, born 4th Oct., 

175" ; 






heir-at-law to one 
of the Errington 

; died 14th and 
2lst Nov., 1822, 

65, at Twiford, 


Louisa Sobieski, 
daughter of 
Thomas Boy- 
cott of Rudge, 
Salop; married 
at St. Mary- 
le-bone, i6th 
March, 1807. 

I I I I 

John Smyth. 

Charles Smyth, an officer 
in the Swedish service, 
to whom Henry Er- 
rington devised an 
annuity of ;^400. 

Henry ; had an annuity 
of £^oo from Henry 


Sir Frederick H. 
Harvey Bathurst, 
third baronet, of 
Clarendon park, 
Wilts. ; born 6th 
June, 1S07 ; died 
29th Oct., 1 88 1. 

ouise Mary, daughter and co- 
heiress, born loih June, 1809; 
articles before marriage, 12th 
Jan., 1832 ; married at St. 
George's, Hanover Square, 
London, I4lh May, 1832 ; 
died joih Dec, 1840, aged 31 ; 
buried at Egham, Surrey. 


Sir Frederick Thomas A. Harvey Bathurst, 
fouith baronet, born 13th .March, 1833 ; 
baptised at St. George's, Hanover Square, 
1 2th April, following; eldest son and 
heir-at-law to mother ; lieut.-col. Grena- 
dier Guards. 

.•\da, daughter of 
Sir John Rib- 
ton, bart.; mar- 
ried ... , 1869. 

Mary Anne, bom 26th July, 1756 ; 
married (firstly) 1st July, 1775, 
Edward Weld of Lulworth ; 
(secondly) Thomas Fitzherbert 
of Norbury, Derbyshire ; and 
(thirdly) morganatically, 21st 
Dec, 1785, George, Prince of 
\Vales, afterwards King George 
IV^ She died at Brighton, 29th 
March, 1837. 

George Augustus = Charlotte Georgina Hariett, daughter 
Craven, second and co-heiress, born 26th July, 1814 ; 

son of first earl articles before marriage, 20lh Nov., 

of Craven, born 1833; married 23rd Dec, 1833; 

15th Dec, 1810; post-nuptial settlement, 21st and 

died 26th July, 22nd April, 1836. She married 

1836. (secondly), in 1845, the due de la 

Force, and died imesialc, nth Dec, 
1S67 ; administration granted out of 
Prerogative Court, loth March, 1868. 

.' I 

William George Craven, born 6th May, 1835 ; 

in 1875 of Longstock, Hants. 

Walter Arthur 

Keppel Craven, born 


Frederick W. Harvey Bathurst, son and heir, born nth Feb., 1870. 

Other issue. 

Frances Smyth ; married by special licence, 3rd Aug., 
1785 ; died at Hooton, Cheshire, 20th June, 1836. 

Sir Carnaby Haggerslon of Haggerston, fifth 
baronet ; died 3rd Dec, l83i,aged 75. 

Sir Thomas Stanley Massey Stanley of Hooton, Cheshire, ninth 
baronet ; died ... August, 1841 ; will dated 24th Feb., 1841 ; 
proved at Chester, 9th Dec, 184 1. 

Mary, only surviving child and heiress ; 
married ... Jan., 1805 ; died 20th Aug., 

Sir Thomas William 
Stanley of Hooton, 
tenth baronet ; 
died unmarried in 
Paris, 29th June, 
1863, aged 56. 

Sir Rowland Stanley; by royal_ licence in 1820 assumed ^ Julia Susanna, daughter of Sir 

John Macdonakl, K.C.B. ; 
colonel 67th regiment and 
lieut. -general ; articles he- 
fore marriage, 4th Jan., 1839; 
died 6th .Aug., 1859; buried 
at llomburg. 

the name of Errington ; of Sandhoe, eleventh baronet, 
born 4th April, 1809 ; succeeded to the estate of his great- 
great uncle Henry Errington, whose name he assumed ; 
died i./>.>n., 31st March, 1875 ; will dated 25th Feb., 1S75; 
proved at Principal Registry, 23rd April, 1875. 


Sir John Stanley, twelfth and = Maria Teresa de Tallyrand Perigord, daugh- Charles Stanley, 
last baronet, assumed in ter of the baron de Tallyrand ; took a fourth son ; 

1877 by royal licence the jointure of j^i,ooo a year, charged on the died unmar- 

additional name of Erring- Errington estate by deed poll dated 3iEt ried, 15th 

ton; born 1810; died at March, 1875. Sept., 1S34. 

Cannes, 19th Mar., 1893,^./. 

Maria Frances ; 
married Sir 
Richard Wil- 
liams Bulke- 
ley, baronet. 

Claudine Stanley Errington ; died 
unmarried 15th July, 1864; ad- 
ministration granted out of 
Principal Registry, 14th July, 

Ethel Stanley Errington, daughter and 
co-heiress ; married Evelyn Baring, 
major Royal Artillery, afterwards 
Lord Cromer ; articles before mar- 
riage, 126th June, 1875. 

Venetia Stanley Errington ; married 
John .Savile Viscount Pollington, 
onlj- son of the earl of Mex- 
borough ; articles before mar- 
riage, 23rd April, 1867. 



William Middleton of Stokeld ; = France?, daughter of John Errington = William Fermor of Tusmore, Oxfordshire: 

married 1st Sept., 1 759 ; died of Errington and Beaufront ; died at 

s.p. circa 1763. Brompton, London, 25th June, 1787. 

married at St. George's, Hanover Square, i6lh 
May, 1766 ; died 1st July, 1806, aged 68. 

,„. I . . I 1 III 

William Fermor of Tusmore, son and heir ; heir-at- James Fermor, Richard Fermor, third Barbara. I 411 j- a 

law to one moiety of the Errington estates ; died second son, son ; devisee and Henrietta. - • , 

17th Nov., 1828 ; residing at Boulogne when he to whom his heir by will of Louisa. | ""nna " • 

made his will, dated Sih July, 1823, by which he uncleHenry Henry Errington 

gave all his real and personal estate in trust for Errington of Sandhoe, but 

his adopted daughter, Maila Whitehead ; proved devised an died unmarried in 

in Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 30th Dec, annuity of 1S16 in the testa- 

1828, and established by decree of court, 7th .^20Oayear. tor's lifetime. 

July, 1830. 

Maria Whitehead, adopted daughter and heiress of William = John Turner Ramsay ; in 1833 

Fermor ; was aged about ... years in 1823. and was married 
before 17th Nov., 1828 ; died loth Feb., 1855. 

residing at Boulogne-sur-Mer ; 
died loth Nov., 1840. 


William Fermor Ramsay, eldest Bevile Ramsay ; in 1875 of Croughton Philippi Maria ; married William Wemyss 

son ; in 1S58 of Croughton, park, Northamptonshire. Mcthven Dewar; articles before marriage, 

Northamptonshire. Xorman Ramsay ; died in infancy, 22nd 13th Feb., 1852; died s.p.; will dated 

John Dryden Ramsay; died in May, 1855. 6th July, 1852; proved at Prerogative 

infancy, 27th Oct, 1846 Edward Ramsay; in 1875 of Croughton. Court of Canterbury, 2nd July, 1853. 

(A copious account of the family of Fermor of Tusmore may be found in the Gentleman s Magazine, 1827, 

pp. 114, 580.) 

Between Cocklaw and Errington is Keepwick, now a single homestead, 
though in a grass field to the east of the farm steading mav be traced 
foundations of ancient buildings/ 

The canons of He.xham during the thirteenth centurv obtained a <j;rant 
of a rood of land in Kepwyk and subsequently built a tithe barn." Robert, 
the son of Gamell, was the most considerable of the five tenants of the vill, 
who together contributed to the subsidy of 1295 the sum of ten shillings 
and a half-penny.' It was one of the places burnt by the Scots^ in a raid 
just before the beginning of the fifteenth century.' Its rental in 1536 was 
£(:> 135.,^ and two years later it furnished eleven fully armed men to the 

' The farm was tenanted by a junior branch of the family of its owners. On or about 20th May, 1672, 
'Margrett Errington of Kepwicke, widow, in the chapelry of St. Oswould,' made her nimcupative will : W\\ 
the debts that I have oweing to mee I give unto my daughter Catherine Errington of Keepwicke, widdow, 
except ^5, which I give to my sonne Fredricke Errington, and I make him my e.xecutor; all which words 
were spoaken in the hearing of .Mr. John Errington, and Nicholas Errington, and other wittnesses.' 
Probate granted, 20th September, 1673, to Frederick Errington, the son. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

1634, 30th May. Thomas Errington, son of Nicholas Errington of Kepeck, gent., apprenticed to 
Henry Dawson. 1669, ist August. John Errington, son of Henry Errington of Keepick, apprenticed 
to Thomas Errington. Books of Merchant Adventurers' Comp.iny, Newcastle. 

- Vol. iii. pp. 139, 150; and Hexham Priory, vol. ii. p. 12. ' Vol. iii. p. 32. * Ibid. p. 54. 

* The earl of Douglas was forced by the plague, which was raging in the north of England, to return 
sooner than he intended from an inroad he had made in the summer of 1420 into the English borders. 
Ridpath, Border History, p. 386. ' Vol. iii. p. 55. 


Kypwvk Mustek Roll, 1538.' 
Roger Rewcastell,- John Rewcastell, Jerard Newbigyii, Gilberd Newbigyn, Jerard Yong, John 
Newbigyn, Jerard Robson, Thomas Nevvbegyii, Roger Newbegyn, Mylles Rowcastell, Roland Welkynson, 
able with hors and harnes. 

The place did not quickly recover from the Scottish inroad, for in 1547 
Gilbert Errington, who held by copy of Court Roll, claimed and received an 
allowance in the amount of rent payable by him.'' Kepwicke, in 1608, was 
grouped with East Errington, and held by Isabel Fenwick and Agnes Carnaby, 
the two daughters and co-heiresses of John Carnaby, at the rent of ^14 14s.* 
Keepweeke was rated, in 1663, at ;^"35 to William Errington, esq., and has 
since been comprised in the Errington estates. It is now a farm of 493 acres, 
of the annual value of ^421. 

On Keepwick fell, and not far from the Wall, is the small farmstead 
of Hazeldean, which, in 1547, as a freehold called Heselden, was held by 
Thomas Errington, paying a rent of 155.^ The survey of 1608 states that 
Thomas Errington, of the Hirst," and John Errington held certain copyhold 
lands with the appurtenances, at the above named rent, which were worth 
£2 los. over and above. Their possession was disputed by Kalph Errington, 
son of Thomas Errington, gentleman, deceased.' Subsequently it was absorbed 
in the Errington estate. Its chief interest is the fact that Sir Walter Scott 
seems to have taken it tn be the home of the hero of the ballad 'Jock of 
Hazeldean,' of which the iirst and only ancient stanza runs: 

Why weep ye by the tide, ladie ; why weep ye by the tide ? 
I'll wed ye to my youngest son, and ye sail be his bride : 
And ye sail be his bride, ladie, sae comely to be seen ; 
But aye she loot the tears down fa' for Jock o' Hazeldean.' 

Hazeldean may perhaps be identified with Knitelhesel, which, with the 
two Grotingtons, lying immediately to the east of it, was given to the prior 
and convent, in 11 13, by Archbishop Thurston. ** A new house had been built 
at the greater Grotington'' on account of which the rent before 1479 had been 
raised from £2 to £2 los.'" But in 1536" the former sum was returned as 

' Arch. Ad. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 189. 

\ In 1552, 'The watch of Erreyn-brigges (was) to be watched with two men nightly of the inhabitants 
of Kepwerk and Erington. Setters and searchers, Robert Ratchester and John Bell, and to search to the 
Gorburn-foot.' Nicolson, Border Laws, p. 171. » Vol. iii. p. 70. ' Ibid. p. 102. 

' Vol. iii. p. 82. " In the parish of VVoodhorn. ' Vol. iii. p. 102. 

" Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. log. 

" The canons, in 1479, 'tenent Grotyngton, quae includitur infra has divisas; videlicet, inter rivulum 
de Pont ex parte australi ; et le Dere-slrete [i.e., Watling Street] ex parte orienlati ; le lonyng dictae 
Boclive et lez (iraybtanes, jacentcs inter praedictuni Grotyngton et Codlaw-more ex parte boriali; et 
quoddam fossatum antiquum inter praedictum Grotynton et praedictam moram ex parte occidentali.' 
Ibid. pp. 7, 9, 10. '" Ibid. pp. 9, 10. " \'ol. iii. p. 158. 


the rental, as it was at the dissolution, when the wife of Thomas Harrington' 
held a tenement at Grottington with lo acres of meadow in the Moor-flat, 
3 acres of arable land and common of pasture in Dounes-moore." 

It is now a farm of 513 acres, chiefly pasture land, which, with a saw- 
mill, is of the annual value of _^ 350. 

The hamlet of Beukley or Bewclay stands on an outcrop of limestone to 
the east of Watling Street, high, exposed, and bare. 

The earlier form of the name is Boclive, under which designation it was 
granted about 1250 by Adam Bertram, son of Adam Bertram, to Archbishop 
Gray. Amongst the attesting witnesses are John of Upper Errington, and 
John of Lower Errington.^ In the Subsidy Roll of 1295 it is called Bokeley 
or Bokelef, it had then nine tenants whose payments amounted to 17s. 7d., 
though the vill is credited with 19s. lod.^ BuclifFe was amongst the estates 
entailed by John de Vaux of Beaufront in 1387 upon his son Thomas de 
Vaux with remainder to Elizabeth, wife of John Errington, a daughter of the 
same John de Vaux.* 

In 1536 the tithes of Bokley were worth los. a year,'^ and eleven years 
later Sir John Widdrington held freehold lands in Buckclifi"e, paying a rent 
of 32s. 3d. a year in two equal payments at Martinmas and Pentecost, accord- 
ing to the custom of the manor of Hexham.'' George Errington and John 
Errington held lands in Bukele or Bukeley in 1568,** and in 1663 Mr. Richard 
Errington was rated at ;^79 for Bukley and Todridge, and at ^50 for Port- 
gate. It is now a single farm of 411 acres, mostly under grass, and has long 
formed part of the Errington estates. It is of the annual value of ;^'346. 

' Probably a clerical error for Errington. " Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 163. 

^ 'Omnibus, etc. Adam Bertram, filius .\dte Bertram, salutem. Noverit me resignasse domino Waltero 
de Gray Ebor. arcliieijiscopo villam de Boclive, sicut Adam Bertram, pater meus, dictam villam de dicto 
archiepiscopo tenuit. Pro hac autem resignatione dictus archiepiscopus mihi dedit per manus domini 
Petri de Vallibus, militis sui, quater viginti marcas argenti et unum palefridum sorum, ad debita mea 
acquietanda versus Christianos et Judeos.' Lansdownc MSS. ccccii. iS a.; Archhisliop Gray's Rtgister, 
Raine, p. 284. ' \'ol. iii. p. 32. * Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 234. 

" Vol. iii. p. 159. ' Ibid. p. 81. ' Feodary's Book, l.wi. 



The township of Sandhoe lies between the Roman Wall and the river 
Tyne, and occupies the south-east corner of the parish. It has an area of 
1,629 acres, including four detached portions, which contain 35 acres, 55 
acres, 22 acres, and 12 acres respectively.' In 1881 the population was 216, 
and in 1891, with the associated townships of Anick and Anick Grange," it 
had a population of 439.' Besides the residential houses of Beaufront, Sand- 
hoe, and Stagshaw Close house, it contains the small hamlet of Sandhoe, 
the farmsteads of Beaufront Hill-head, Beaufront Wood-head, Fawcet-hills, 
Black-hill, Holly-hall, and Mount Pleasant. 

The principal residence in the township is that which attracts the eve of 
every traveller who journeys by rail from Newcastle to Carlisle. It stands 
on the site of the ancient tower of Beaufront, which occurs in the list of 
castles and fortalices made in 1415,'' and the place' is styled a manor in 
1547.° After it became the chief residence of the Errington family, a large 
and many-windowed barrack-like mansion arose, of which the Rev. John 
Hodgson, writing above eighty years ago, says : ' Few places make a finer 
appearance, or enjoy a larger and better cultivated prospect than this. 
From the south side of the Tyne it exhibits a long and handsome front, 
surrounded with line pleasure-grounds, and from its walks are seen towns, 
towers, and hamlets, and the winding stream of Tyne, sometimes hidden 
under its banks and at others boldly crossing the meadows in broad and 
silver-looking reaches.'' In the collection of prints belonging to the New- 
castle Society of Antiquaries is a ' Plan of Beaufront Demesne,' drawn by 
Coulson, and engraved by Beilby and Bewick, for John Errington,** about 

' The township has a water area of 12 acres. -' The three townships of Sandhoe, Anick, and Anick 

Grange were united by order of the Local Government Board. London Gazette, 25th March, 1887. 

'The Census Returns arc: 1801, 198; 181 1, 199; 1821, 180; 1831,240; 1841,273; 1851,280; 1861, 
266 ; 1 87 1, 2S0 ; 18S1, 216 ; iSgi, 439. ' Bates, Border Holds, vol. i. p. 18. 

' In 1479 the canons of Hexham had certain lands in Anick ' sub parco de Beuanfront.' Hexham Priory, 
Raine, vol. ii. p. 3. ' Vol. iii. p. 83. ' Hodgson, Description of Northumberland, 18 10, p. 158. 

' The Erringtons had a domestic chapel at Beaufront Wood-head, of which the register of baptisms, 
in the custody o'f the Roman Catholic priest at Hexham, begins in 1774 ; it contains the following entries: 

1784, 28th May. Jane, daughter of \ 

1785 13th July. Thomas son of { -XX-yonr.xs and Winefred Haggerston, baptised. 

1785, 7tli June. Edward Robert, son of I 00 > r 
1 79 1, 29th May. William Charles, son of ' 

1793, nth November. Elizabeth, daughter of Jasper and Frances Gibson, baptised. 

1795, 2nd October. Elizabeth, daughter of John and Margaret Gibson, of the parish of Hexham, 

1795, 3rd Ueccmbcr. Mr. James Gibson, died at Stagshaw house. 








1797, which was prepared to show how injurious to him would be the canal 
proposed at that time to run from Carlisle to Newcastle, towards which he 
offered the strongest opposition. There is also a view of the house from the 
south-west, showing that it was of two stories, though part of it had a base- 
ment ; the roof was either flat or low pitched, and the pediment was adorned 
with life-sized figures, doubtless the figures in stone of Ceres, Minerva, and 
other mythological personages, which still remain about the present house. 
In the letterpress attached to the plan, Mr. Errington states that he had 
expended upwards of _^20,ooo upon the fruit walls, hot houses, plantations, 
and gardens. The present house of Beaufront was built by Mr. William 
Cuthbert m 1841, from designs by Dobson of Newcastle, in the domestic 
castellated style.' 

There can be no doubt that the Northumberland family of de Vallibus 
or Vaux, which ultimately became settled at Beaufront, as its principal posses- 
sion, was a branch of the great Cumberland house of which Robert de 
Vallibus, the founder of Lanercost priory in 1169, was a prominent member. 
From this parent stock important branches were settled in Norfolk and 
other parts of England, as well as in Northumberland. Peter de Vallibus 
appears to have been the first of the name who settled in the countv, having 
obtained property there through his marriage in 1208 with Emma," the 
widow of Walter fitz Gilbert of Bolam. Emma had agreed,^ in 1207, 
with King John, for 200 marks and two palfreys, that she should not be 
forced to marry against her will,' and it was characteristic of that king's 
financial policy that he took five palfreys from Peter de Vallibus for leave 
to marrv Emma if she consented." In 122"; Peter de Vallibus had a errant 
from Walter Gray, archbishop of York, of a piece of land out of his waste, 
lying between Anick and Sandhoe." To the same Peter the archbishop in 
the following year, 1226, granted a lease for six years of the minerals of 
Hexham," and in the year 1230 he obtained from the same archbishop the 
wardship and marriage of the heir of William de Sweethope." In 1252 he 

' In one of the rooms is a chimney piece of fine white m;irl)le, with deHcately carved festoons of 
flowers, which, with the turret bell with the date 1768, and the clock tower bell with the date 1694, 
belonged to the seventeenth-century house, of which the only portions retained are what arc now the 
kitchens, with the rooms over them. 

• This lady, generally styled Emma de Ayden, was an Uniframville. Fine Roils, 9 John, m. I ; Cal. 
Doc. reliiliitg to Siotluiui, Bain, vol. i. pp. 70, 71. 

' Robert de Valhbus made himself responsible in Cumberland for Emma's debt. Hodgson. Northiim- 
berland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 107; c/. Pipe Roll, 15 John, m. 13, Cumberland. 

* Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 98. 'Ibid. p. loi. 

' Archbislwp Gray's Register, Raine, p. 221 ; Surt. Soc. ' Ibid. p. 227. » Ibid. p. 237. 


and his wife' had an agreement with Newminster abbey concerning a third 
part of Newton of the dower of Emma as widow of Walter de Bolam.' 
On Emma's death Peter became owner for life of Aydon, Rrunton, and 
Little Whittington.' 

The debt incurred to the king in 1208 was onlv finally extinguished 
in 1256, in which year* Peter appears to have died, when his widow, Agnes, 
paid for a brief." 

At Michaelmas, 1256, Agnes, widow of Sir Peter de Vallibus, knight, 
being then at Aydon, quit-claimed to Peter de Vallibus, rector of the church 
of Crathorne," who was a son of Sir Peter, all rights she had in houses in 
South Street, in the parish of St. Margaret, Durham, which her husband had 
sold to Sir Hugh de Stanbrige," and which he had obtained by grant from 
William de London, clerk.** 

Sir John de Vaux, who was the first justice itinerant in Northumberland 
in 1279,'' and who had commissions from the archbishop of York from 1306 to 
1 32 1 for gaol delivery at Hexham, as well as other commissions,'" did homage 
at Hexham in 1307 to Archbishop Greenfield for the manor of Beaufront, 
which contained 100 acres of arable land, pasture, and meadow, and for 48 
acres of arable land, and for i acre of meadow in Bingfield." This homage 
he renewed at Thorp, November 20th, 1318, to Archbishop Melton.'- He 
was dead in 1322, when on Monday next before the feast of the Purifi- 
cation, an inquest on his death was held at Hexham. He was found to have 
been seised of the manor of Beaufront of the value of 5 marks, of the manor 
of Bokeley of the value of 20 marks, as well as of various other property in 
land and houses. His heir was his grandson, John, aged nine years, the son 
of his son John.'^ The custody and marriage of John de Vaux was sold in 
1325 to Robert Oliver for 50 marks. '^ 

' In 1219 Emma de Ayden, who was one of the king's wards .... was married to I'eter de Vaux, 
her lands being of the value of /lo. Hodgson, Northumberhnd, part iii. vol. i. p. 227. 

■ Newminster Chartiilary, Fowler, pp. 179, 180 ; Surt. Soc. 

' Testa de Nevill; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 229 (1219); p. 215 (1240). 

* Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 233. ^ Ibid. p. 236. 

" 1 233-1238. Peter de Vaux, rector of Crathorne, provided a lamp to burn for ever before the tomb 
of St. Godric at Finchale. Surtees Soc. vol. 6, p. 26. He was canon of York 1281-1292. Hexham 
Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 91. 

' Durham Treasury, 6'» s*" Elemos., No. 2. ' Ibid. No. i. " Ibid. Nos. 3 and 5. 

'° Assize Rolls, p. 223 ; Surt. Soc. 

" York Registers, Greenfield, 34 a, 41 a, 47 a. 54 a, 40 b ; Melton, 405 b. 408 b, 409 b : Ibid. Greenfield, 
pars. ii. 224 a. '- /6irf. Melton, 595 a. " /i/J. Melton, 4S7 a. "/fti'rf. 566 a. 


There are preserved in the Treasury at Durham some thirteenth and 
fourteenth-centurv charters which relate to Whittonstal, where the Vaux 
family held land, in one of which Sir John de Vaux is described as 'dominus 
de bello fronte.' An abstract of some of these is printed below, together with 
others connected with Beaufront, which belong to the Rev. Wm. Greenwell. 

Wydo Darrens grants to John de Vallibus all lands, etc., he has in the vill of Qwyttonstal cum minera 
carbonum which Esolda, his mother, held. Testes, Dni. Rob. de Balliolo tunc vicecomes Northumbriae, 
Johannes de Swyneburn milites, Johannes de Hawylton fil. Dni. Will, de Hawllton, Johannes de Insula, 
Ric. Tyson, Symon de Waskerley, Peter de Ponteland. Seal armorial of Darrayns. Mhc. Chart. 
No. 6918. 

An appointment by Rich. II. to certain persons to enquire into a grave complaint of Thomas Menne- 
uille that John Vaus, Alan Vaus, John de Erynton, Will. Cowyke, Rich, de Acumbe, Thos. Bakester, 
Will. Wryght, Gilb. Cole, Hugo Mauntill, John Howeton, John Spendloue, Walt. Henr>'son, John de 
Malteby, John Coke de Hexham, John Hunter, John Famdale, John Hunter de Corbrigge, Gilb. Hannay, 
William Sclater, Thos. de Cowyke, Will. Thomson, Rich. Whiteheued, Will. Coke, Radulph Jones seruant 
Vaus, Will. Shiphird de Sandhowe, Thomas Denyas de Acumbe, John de Rawe de Brunle, Thorn, de 
Hewardla, Rich, de .Acumbe, and Rob. Hynmerssh, and others, malefactors and breakers of our peace had 
broken the houses and fences of the said Thomas Menneville at Whittonstall and Fairhill, and had carried 
off 30 horses, 20 heifers, 100 oxen, 100 cows, of the value of .£200, and goods and chattels of the value of 
^100, and had assaulted, beaten, and wounded his men and servants, and had done other damage, etc., to 
the amount of ^1,000. Dated at Durham, August 21st, 9_ Ric. II. (13S5). Misc. Chart. No. 6964. 

Cest endenture fait entre Roger de Wideryngtone dun parte et Johan le fitz Adam de Meneuille 
daltre parte tesmoyn que les partiz auantditz sont acordez en cest maner que les ditz Roger et Johan 
et lour heirs pursewront trois rentes charges grantez au dit Johan ses heirs et ses assignez par Adam de 
Vaus de ces terres et tenementz en le conte de Northehumbreland et He.\amschir et mettront lour 
custages owelment cest assauoir lun lunmoyte et lautre lautremoyte tancome la sewyt finablement 
soit parfourne et apres la recouerer ent fait les custages mys par les deux serront leuez del entier et 
rebaillez a les deux qount mys les custages tancome eux soient pleynment paiez de leur mises mys et le 
remenant de les arrerages serra parte en deux troys, cest assauoir vn tierce partie serra done a Johan le 
fitz Adam de Vaus et Barnabe sa femme vn altre tierce partie serra done a Adam de Vaus et Alice sa 
femme, la tierce tierce partie demoura a Roger et Johan de Meneuille pur lour trauail mys et auxint 
le dit Johan le fitz Adam de Meneuille graunt pur luy et pur ses heirs que les troys rentes charges 
cest assauoir vn de xxx liuers vn altre de trent liuers le tierce de cessant huers a luy et ses heirs 
grauntez soient baillez a Johan le fitz Adam de Vaus et Barnabe sa femme quant ils serront de age, 
et apres la recouerer fait pur lour profit ent faire issint que les terres recouerez ne les terres en lour 
meyns esteantz del heritage le dit Adam apres eel recouerer par les trois faites auant nomez ne soient 
chargez, et le dit Johan fitz Adam de Meneuille graunt pur luy et pur ses heirs quil ne fra reles (= release) 
ne altre chose en enentisement de les troys rentes charges, pendant la sew>'t sanse assent Roger de 
Wideryngton, et en cas que le dit Johan de Meneuille deuie deuant ceo que laccion de les trois rentes 
charges soient pleynment perfoume lauant dit Johan de Meneuille volt pur ses heirs que ses heirs que 
pour le temps que serra auenir pursewent en autiel foumie come il mesme voldra auoir pursewe sil 
fust en pleyn vie et oltre de tenir les couenantz solunk ceo quil mesmes deueroit auoir tenew sil vst 
vesque et solunqz ceo quil est charge per cest endenture. Et en cas que il ou ses heirs faillont dens 
couenantz auant ditz en partie on en tote, il graunt pur luy et pur ses heirs que apres ceo que defalt en 
luy soit troue ou en ses heirs si ceo ne soit par necligence quils soient tenuz et obligez a Roger de 
Widerjngton et a ses heirs en quarant liuers desterlinges, et lauant dit Roger graunt pur luy et 
pur ses heirs quen cas quil ou ses heirs faillont en ascuns des couenantz auant dits de quels il est lye par 
cest endenture, que apres ceo que defalt en luy soit troue ou en ses heirs que adonqzs le dit Roger et ses 
heirs soient tenuz et obligez au dit Johan le fitz Adam de Meneuille et ses heirs en quarant liuers de- 
sterlinges. Et en cas que le dit Johan fitz Adam dc Meneuille on ses heirs recoucront par les trois faites 

Vol. IV. 26 


des rentes charges auant nomez ou par ascun de eux, quil les relesont a Johan le fitz Adam de 
V'aux et Barnabe sa femnic tut le droit quil ad a deinandcr rent en les terres et tcncmentz des 
queux ils sount enfeffez et que furunt en ancien temps del heritage le dit Adam de Vaus quant a 
ceo faire serront covenablement requis issint que ceux tenementz demurauntz en lour meyn par vertu 
del recouerer ne soient apres chargez par le rccouerer ne par les charges auant faites mais soicnt auxi 
clers dcuers le dit Johan fitz .'\dam de Meneuillc ct ses heirs come ils furunt deuant les rentes charges 
au dit Johan fitz Adam de Mencuille et ses heirs grauntez eiant regard a les charges auant nomez. En 
tesmoynance de quel chose les partiz auant ditz entre changcablcment ont mys lour seals. Done a la 
vile del Neuf chastell sur Tyne en la fest de Seint Thomas Lapostell (December 21st) Lan du grace 
mille tres cenz sincquant setisme. Endorsed. Scriptum inter R. de Wydrington et J. Meneuille. 

Another deed. Adam de Vaus and .A.lice, his wife, to Roger de Woderington, and William, son of 
John de Meneuille, land in Bcaufront, Bocliffe, etc., to enfeoff John, son of Adam and Alice and Barnaba, 
daughter of Roger. Dated at Newcastle, the eve of the feast of .St. Lucy (December 13th) mile tres ccntz 
czinquant seeisme. Witnesses: Rich, de Aske, bailiff of Hexham, Gilb. de Vaus, ."Vdam, son of Rich, de 
Faloufeld, Rob. de Eryngton, Rob. Spenzr of Bingfield. Seals of Widdrington and Menville attached. 

John, son of Adam de Vaus, gives power of attorney to William de Meneuille to receive the fine of 
all tenements with their appurtenances which Adam his father gave him by deed in the vill of Falghfeld 
[Fallowficld]. Dated at Falghfeld, the \'igil of the Purification of B.M. (Februaiy 1st), I349'50- Seal, 
cross patonce, not on a shield. Misc. Chart. No. 5879. 


Emma de Aydon, otherwise Um- = SiR Peter de Vaux ; married in 120S ; perhaps = Agnes ; a widow 
framville, widow of Walter Filz a brother of William de Vaux whose name is in I2$6. 

Gilbert de Bolam. entered in the Li/ier Vi/ee of Durham (/). 

Sir John de Vaux, justice itinerant, 1279 («) ; was living = 
1318, and dead before 1322. 

John de Vaux ; dead before 1322 == . Alice ; married in 1304 William e Swinburn (</). 

John de Vaux, aged 9 years in 1322 = Katherine. 
Adam de Vaux ; living 1356 ; dead before 1362 = .Alicia ; living 1356 (c). 

Barnaba, daughter of Roger de Wid- = John de Vaux, 'dominus de bello fronte'; in = Maria; living 1362 and 
drington ; marriage settlement, 1386 had letters of protection from Richard II., '''^ 

1356 ((5) ; died so long as he was employed in the castle of 

Brest under Sir John Roche. 

1372 (fl). 

Thomas de Vaux = Margaret, daughter of Sir Elizabeth, daughter and heiress ; married John de Errington, 

Robert de Insula. both of whom were living in 1396. 4^ 

(«) Deed made at Denton, 20th May, 1372. Rev. .John {,!) Siviiilmin Charter. Rev. John Hodgson's Collec- 

Hodgson's Collection, ' L.' tion, ' T.' 

(Ji) Egerton Charters, No. 539. (/) Northumberland Assize Roll, Page, p. 223; Surtees Soc. 

(c) Durham Treasury. {/) Liber Vitee, p. Ill ; Surtees Soc. 

At the dissolution of the monasteries Edward Hirst and WilUam Lee 
held Beaufront by lease from the prior and convent of He.xham.^ Their 
rights were acquired by David Carnaby, after whose death a commission was 
issued in 1587 to enquire into the nature of his holding. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 163. In Horsley's time it was pronounced Beevrain. 


Edward Hirst of Hexham, smith, aged 80, deposed that he was the grantee of the lease, which was 
granted to him seven or eight years before the suppression, by Edward Jay, the last prior of Hexham 
(who was his godfather), for thirty-one years ; that he sold his interest to David Carnaby in consideration 
of 'four nobles worth of land in Hexham in fee farm for ever, but he only got land worth i8s. by year' 
and £() in money ; and that the annual value fof both moieties) was £2 13s. 4d.' 

Besides Beaufront, David Carnabv in 1568 held Beaumont, Portgate, 
lands at Hexham, etc.," and in 1584 a jury found that John Carnaby, son of 
David Carnaby, deceased, had died, seised of lands in the town of Errington 
and Keepwick and Keepwick mill, and that Isabella and Agnes Carnaby 
were his daughters and co-heiresses. Two years later there was an inq. 
post mortem of Christopher Carnabv, who was found to have died, seised of 
cottages in Acomb. Isabella and Agnes, daughters of John Carnaby, were 
his heirs. ^ Their wardship gave rise to much quarrelling, and a long 
matrimonial suit ensued in the Ecclesiastical Court at York as to whether 
Isabella Carnabv was wife of Matthew Fenwick or of Roger Read. 

Matthew Fenwick v. Isabella Carnabie alias Read in causa matrimonii. 

159;, 24th November. Roger Fennick of Bitchfeild, parish of Stamfordham, gen., cet. circa 36, saith 
that on a Tuesday so now as he remembreth a fourtnight or theraboutes after Whitsuntide last was two 
yeres the articulate Matthewe Fennick, being brother on the father's side to this examinate, and beying 
then at this examinate's house at .Bitchfeild, ride togither with this examinate and some six other persons 
to Mr. Middleton his house at Belsey, where the articulate Isabell Carnabie then lay, and then one of the 
said Matthew Fennick his companie, with consent and privitie of the said Mr. Middleton, being unckle 
to the said Isabell, toke the said Isabell behind him and cared her to Whelpinton church, in which 
church they the said Matthew and Isabell, about six or seaven of the clock in the morenyng of the same 
day were maried togither by the ministerie of Reginald Fennick, vicar or minister of Whelpinton afore- 
said, in such manner and forme as is articulate, viz., after morenyng praier, first said, the said Matthew 
holding the said Isabell by the hand, as the manner is, said unto hir after the recitall of the said minister, 
thus, 'Here I, Matthew, take the, Issabell, to my wedded wife,' and so furth, as conteyned in the Book of 
Common Praier ; at which marriage was usid the ring and all other ceremonies usid at other marriages 
and required by the said Book of Common Praier, of this examinate's sight and hearing, being then and ther 
present together with Jo. Horseley, Tho. Bewick, Stephen Redhead, William Braiddie, George Ogle, and 
some two or three mo' persons whose names he now remembreth not. .\fter the said marriage so 
solemnized, they the said Matthew and Issabell, with ther companie, went home with this examinate to his 
house at Bitchfeild and ther dyned and lay together that night and for the space of seaven nights next 
after. The said Isabell Carnabie did remayne at Errington within the jurisdiction of this court, but now 
is taken away he knoweth not whither. 

He hath hard the father of the said Roger Read and diverse others of his frendes, as also the said 
Roger himself, say that the said Roger Read is not yet fourteane yers of age. He haiji hard that the 
said Roger Read and Isabell Carnabie alias Read are maried together. 

Thomas Bewick of Belsey, at. circa 20, servant to Mr. Middleton, deposes the same. He says that 
Roger Fennick, Jo. Horseley, Stephen Redhead, Jo. Ogle, Oswald Fennick, William Braddie, and others 
were at the church. ' He knoweth Roger Read verie well, and it seemeth to him that the said Roger is 
not 14, no, nor 13 yeres of age.' 

' Exchequer Special Commissions, No. 1747, Northumberland, 30 Eliz. 
- Feodary's Book, Ixvi. ' Hexham Manor Rolls. 


John Horseley of Milburne Grange, irt. circa 26, also deposes to the marriage. The said Mr. 
Middleton, his unckle, sent his kinsman, one John Ogle, to give the said Issabell in marriage to the said 
Matthew. After the mariage they went to Bitchfeild to Roger Fennick's house, and ther lay all that 
night together in one bed of this examinate's sight. They also lived together as man and wife at 
Houghton, in the said Matthew Fennick father's house, about half a yere after the said marriage. 

Henr>' Read, parish of St. John Lee, let. circa 50, saycth that Roger Read at Christmas next or 
therabouts shalbe fourtene yeres old and no more. This examinate being his unckle, viz., his father's 
brother, doth verie well remember the birth of the said Roger. 

Henr>' Reade, of the parish of St. John Lee, cet. circa 50, was pryvye that about three yeares agoe 
Edwarde Reade, this examinate's brother, father to the same Roger, dyd go about to make a maryage 
betweene his sayd sonne and Isabell Carnaby, whose mother his sayd brother had maryed, and in a 
workeday in Lente last past was two yeares, about eighte or nyne aclocke before noonc, this examinate 
was present in the chappell of Saynt Oswolde's, where and when he sawe the articulate Roger Reade and 
Isabell Carnaby maryed together by the mynistery of one George Powrj-e, clerke, then serving the cure 
att the same chappell of St. Oswolde's. After the maryage they came to Errington hall to the house of 
the said Eduarde Reade, where the same nyghte they did go to bedde together as man and wyfe. 

Edward Reade of Kepecke, parish of St. John Lee, gen., trt. circa 40, says that Roger Reade and 
Isabell Carnabie alias Reade beinge bothe at Errington hall, had dyvers tymes talke and communicion 
of matrimonie to be had betwene theme, and after sooni talke of that matter they concluded to be 
handfeste together, and the said Roger tacking her by the hand said, ' Here, I taike the to my wife,' with 
soom other woordes, etc. The said Roger and Isabell were maried together in the chapell of Sainte 
Oswoulde's, etc. He knows not where the said Isabell nowe remains. [Other witnesses depose to the 

•599. 5th July. Nicholas Errington of Kepick, cet. circa 40, says that 'Isabell Carnabie alias Read, 
and Agnes, her sister, were daughters and heires of John Carnabie of Befront, deceased about twelve yeres 
since or more, and that they, as co-heires to ther father, claime the tithes of Errington, and lands and 
tenements in Kepick, Errington, and Beamont, amounting to the yerelie value of fourtie markes de claro ; 
howbeit, he saith, the said Isabell and .\gnes are not in quiet possession of the premisses, for that one 
John Errington of Wharmeley maketh claime to the same tithes and landes and tenements, and now ther 
is sute commenced for ther rightes and title in the premises ; and furder saith that the said Isabell and 
Agnes, as heres to ther said father, have certaine tenements and lands in Acome and Hexham which they 
enjoy quietlie and receave rent for them, but of what yerelie value they be he knoweth not, but he thinketh 
about fourtie shillinges by yere, or scarce so much ; and furder sayth that the said Matthew Fenwick, 
whose father and brethren this examinate did verie well know, is a younger brother, viz., the third or fourth 
begotten sonne of his father, and that he hath nether landes nor any goodes, except a horse, that this 
examinate, being his neybor, knoweth of; and he saith that Roger Fenwick, articulate, is naturall brother 
to the said Matthew, and that John Horseley is of new {sic) kynred, as this examinate thinketh, to the said 
Matthew and his dear frend, and an utter ennymy to Edward Read, father of the said Roger, as is also 
the said Roger Fennick, which enmitie did first grow at or about the tyme of the marriage of Matthew 
Fennick and Isabell Carnabie, and hath ever since continued, since which tyme ther have bene great 
quarrells betwixt them about possession of Errington hall and the tithe of Errington. 

John Errington of Errington, in the chapelry of St. Oswald's, a:t. 70, deposes to the same effect. He 
says that the two daughters, since their father's death, have not enjoyed his lands, etc., in Kepick, 
Errington, and Beamont house (worth £20 per annum), but that John Errington of Swinburne claims 
them. They have 40s. land in Corbeck (sic) and a house in Hexham, and some land in .Acome not worth 
more than 20s. per annum. 

On the 15th May, 1602, the court pronounced sentence in favour of 
the marriage with Fenwick, and Roger Read was condemned in costs. In 
1608, Isabel Carnaby alias Fenwick and Agnes Carnaby, her sister, 
daughters and heirs of John Carnaby, held the villages of East Errington and 






Keepwick with Keepwick mill ; and a tenement in Acomb was held by 
Matthew Fenwick in right of Isabel his wife, and Agnes Carnaby her sister. 
But the succession of John Carnaby's two daughters to their grandfather's 
lands was disputed by, or shared with, Nicholas Carnaby of Rudchester, son 
and heir of Mark Carnaby of Anick Grange, who, 30th May, 28 Elizabeth 
(1587), in consideration of a certain sum of money, conveyed the capital 
messuage of 'Befron,' with Beaumont house in the parish of Chollerton, to 
Gilbert Errington of Wharmley,' who thus became of Beaufront, which his 
descendants to the sixth generation subsequently made their chief seat. At 
the death of John Errington, the last male heir of the family, in 1827, as 
already related, his estates descended to his heirs-at-lavv, who, in 1836, sold 
Beaufront to Mr. William Cuthbert of Redheugh, near Newcastle, whose 
great-grandson, Mr. James Harold Cuthbert, is the present owner.^ 

A little to the east of Beaufront on a terrace commanding a noble view 
of the valleys of the Tyne and Devil's Water is the mansion house of 
Sandhoe, of which it was formerly an appanage, possessed or occupied by a 
younger son of the Errington family.- It was the property and northern 
home of Henry Errington, who died in 18 19, and passed under his will to 
Rowland Stanley, afterwards Sir Rowland Errington, and became, after the 
sale of Beaufront, the capital mansion of the Errington estates ; it now, since 
the death of Sir John Stanley Errington, belongs to the heirs of Henry 
Errington's estates and their assigns.' 

The vill of Sandhow was one of the earliest benefactions to the priory 
of Hexham, having been granted to the house by Archbishop Thomas II. in 
1 1 13.' It was returned with the payment of 17s. 7|d. to the subsidy of 1295, 
but the contributions of the several tenants amount to £\ 6s. 3jd., the largest 
sum being 12s. 6id., paid bv the widow Hawysia.' In the fifteenth century 
it is stated that there were 13 husband lands of 24 acres each, and 12 
cottagers, each of whom had a house and an acre of land or less." Full 

' Capheaton Deeds. The Rev. John Hodgson MSS. 

- Mr. Cuthbert purchased an undivided moiety of the manor and freehold estate of Beaufront, 2nd 
December, 1835, from the trustees of the will of William Fermor ; an undivided fourth part, 24th August, 
1836, from the trustees of the marriage settlement of Sir F. H. Hervey Bathurst and Dame Louisa Mary, 
his wife ; and the remaining fourth, 8th September, 1 836, from the trustees of the marriage settlement of the 
Hon. Mrs. Geo. Augustus Craven. Mr. J. H. Cuthbert's Title deeds. In 1S73 William Cuthbert of Beaufront 
was returned as owner of 1,682 acres of land in Northumberland, with an estimated rental of ;f3,202. Parlia- 
mentary Return of Oii'iiers 0/ Land. ' Cf. supra, p. 193. ' Vol. iii. p. 139. ' Ibid. p. 33. 

•i ' Sunt ibidem xiii terrae husband, quarum quaelibet cont. .\-\iiii acras terrae arabihs et prati. Et 
quaelibet terra faciet opera et consuetudines ad molendinum de .A.ynwyk, ut tenentes ejusdem villae ; et 
quaelibet terra husband, dabit j gallum et gallinam domino ad festum Xatalis Domini.' Ue.xham Priory, 
Raine, vol. ii. pp. .xix. 5. 




James Cuthbert of Marton-in-Cleveland 

Henry Cuthbert, baptised 3rd William Cuthbert of New- = Jane.daughterof... Walker, 

July, 1690 (rt). 
John Cuthbert of Eston, near 

Middlesbrough, baptised 3rd 

Dec, 1692. -i^ 
James Cuthbert, baptised 28th 

April, 1695 (fl). 

castle, baptised gth 
Feb., 1696 (a) ; mar- 
ried at St. Nicholas', 
Newcastle, 6th June, 

of Sprouston, ne,ar KcUo, 
and widow of ... Wheel- 
"wright ; born 5th Dec, 
1697 ; died 1757. 

1 I 
Thomas Cuthbert of 
Plymouth, baptised 
loth Mar., 1697 (a). 
Dorothy, baptised 23rd 
Feb., 1698 («). 

William Cuthbert of Newcastle, born 2lst July, 1737 ((4) ; purchased = Ann, daughter of John Hodgson of Els- 
Greenridge and Nubbock, and died 13th Aug., 1781 ; will dated wick ; married and October, 1776 ; 

30th Dec, 1779 ; proved ... Oct., 1781 (rf). died 21st Dec, 1834. 

William Cuthbert of Newcastle and Beau- = Ann, daughter of Robert Shafto Hedley 

front, born i6th Dec, 177S ; died 31st 
Jan., 1853 ; buried at St. John Lee (c). 

of Long Benton ; married l8i2 ; 
4th Oct., 1828, aged 35. 



Jane ; died unmarried, 1S56. 

Mary Ann; died atBenwell, 9th 

June, 1848, aged about 70, 

unmarried (e). 

William Cuthbert of 
Beaufront, born 7th 
Aug., 1S13 ; high 
sheriff of Northum- 
berland, i860; died 
29th Nov., 1879; 
buried at St. John 
Lee (c)- 

Mary, daughter of 
Isaac Cookson 
of Meldon ; 
married at Mel- 
don, i6th Junj, 
1840; died 24th 
April, 1893 (0- 

I I 

Robert, born 2nd 
March, 1821 ; 
died s.p. near 
York, 13th July, 

George, born 18:4 ; 
died s.p. at New 
York, U.S.A., 
28th Dec, 1851. 


John Rawlin- = 
son Cuth- 
bert, born 
1826; cap- 
tain loth 

ter of 
W. Kier- 

1 I 

Elizabeth ; married 
26th July, 1836, 
Richard Burn of 
Orton hall, West- 

Jane .Anne ; mar- 
ried l6th luly, 
1839 (c), William 
Isaac Cookson of 

William Cuthbert of 
Beaufront, born 
19th March, 1848; 
died i./., 3rd Dec, 

Eleanor Lockhart, daughter 
of lieut.-col. F. Bull of 
New Park, co. Kilkenny; 
married at Ovingham, 
30th April, 1878; died 
26th Nov., 1880. 

Sidney Cuthbert of 
Beaufront, born 19th 
Feb., 1851 ; died 
at Melsetter, Natal, 
South Africa, gth 
June, 1882. 

Frances Yates, 
daughter of 
C. Griffin ; 
married 28th 
April, 1874. 

Richard, born 
13th April, 

Claude Arthur 
born I4lh 
June, i860. 

lf'60 (c), Major-general F. 

^1 I I I I I I 

Annie Beatrice, Gerald James Annie ; married 20th Oct., 

daughter of Cuthbert, born Green Wilkinson. 

James Rankin 12th Sept., Mary Constance ; married 6th Sept, i860 (c), Sii 

of Bryngwyn, 1861, captain Slade, bart., of Maunsel house, Somersetshire. 

Herefordshire, Scots Guards. Fanny Isabella; married at St. Pauls, Kniglitsbridge, 15th 

M.P.; married July, lS6g, Henry Percy Anderson of the Foreign Office. 

I2th January, Emily; married 20ih Oct., 1868 (c), Arthur Arbuthnot of 

1887. Woodford house, Northamptonshire. 

Alice Burn. 

Mary Sara. 

James Harold Cuthbert of Beaufront, 
born at Melsetter, Natal, 21st July, 
1876 ; 2nd lieut. Scots Guards. 

Sidney William, born 
at Melsetter, 29th 
April, 1882. 

Lily Ethelwyn Noel. 
Gladys Mary. 

(a) Marion Register. 

(Ji) St. Nicholas' Register, Newcastle. 

(<r) St. John Let Register. 
Qf) Raine, Test. Eior, 

(<) .Matthew Forster's Obituary. 


particulars of the tenants and of the nature of their holdings in 1479 are 
given in the Black Book of Hexham, where it is stated that Sir Peter de 
Gunnerton, chaplain of the church of St. John Lee, held 8 acres of glebe, 
called kirk-land.^ 

In an undated survey made at the dissolution is the following record : 

Sandhow. John Errington holdith a tenement there, with edifices, I cloose containing I acre in the 
Law Inges, 4 acres medoo ; and in the Toune-feldis 24 acre land arrable, with comon there, and renttes by 
yere, etc., 26s. 8d. Richard Hudchonson holdith a tenement there, with i cloose containing i acre in the 
Law Inges, 4 acre medoo ; and in the Toune-feldis 24 acres land arrable, with comon ther, and rentes by 
yere, etc., 26s. 8d. Robert Buteland holdith a tenement there, i cloose containing i rode in the Law 
Inges, 3 acres medoo, 18 acres land arrable, and comon there, etc., 20s. Robert Sowreby holdithe a 
tenement there, i litle cloose; and in the Law Inges 3 acre ; in the Toime-feldis i8 acre, and comon 
there by yere, etc., 20s. John Stevynson holdithe a tenement ther, with bithe {sic) 6 acres land arrable ; 
and 2 acres in ye Law Inges, with comon there, and rentes by yere, etc., 13s. 4d. Summa, £s 6s. 8d.- 

The value of the township in 1536 was ^"5 6s. 8d., and two years after- 
wards it sent seventeen fully equipped men to attend the muster. 

Sando Muster Roll, 1538.' 
Cutbert Eryngton, Robert Solby, John Stevynson, Robert Bowtland, Ric. Huchenson, able with hors 
and harnes. John -Spayn, John -Solby, John Solby, Roger Robson, Robert Solby, Willm Gren, John 
Smythe, Thomas Spayn, Willm Lee, Thomas Eryngton, able with hors and harnes. Patrike Vonger, 
Thomas Yonger, able with hors and harnes. 

Stagshaw Close house, about a mile east of Sandhoe, is approached from 
Watling Street by a fine avenue of tall, well-grown lime trees. In a field 
near by the plough in 1822 unearthed a prehistoric grave, probably of the 
Bronze period, described at the time as ' about 4 feet deep, 3 feet long, 
and 2| feet wide, cut in the native rock. This rude tomb enclosed a small 
antique urn composed of clay and sand, uncovered and coarsely ornamented ; 
it contained a few ordinary sized teeth in perfect preservation, the mouldered 
remains of a skull, a small heart-shaped amulet of a grey slaty stone, per- 
forated for suspension, and a tongue-shaped piece of flint.'* 

With the remainder of the township of Sandhoe, Stagshaw Close was 
a possession of the prior and convent of Hexham. 

Under a commission dated 12th February, 1567/8, directed to Nicholas 
Ridley, George Heron of Chipchase, Robert Middleton of Belsay, and 
Thomas Bates, esquires, commanding them to enquire concerning lands 
belonging to the dissolved monasterv of He.xham supposed to be concealed, 
an inquisition was taken at Dilston, when the jury said : 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, \'ol. ii. p. 6. '"' IhiJ. \oI. ii. p. i6l. 

'■' Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. lyi. ' iWcwcuslle Couranl, 23rd .Maicli, 182.2. 


That a parcel of ground called Stagsa Close adjoining to Sandho feelds was parcel of said possessions; 
now occupied by one Cuthbert Carnabye of Halton, esq., who saith he hath it by the grant of one Clare 
Forster, widow of Reginald Forster of Capheaton, esq., deceased, by virtue of a lease made to the said 
Reginald, and that Sir Reginald Carnabye, knt., deceased, William Carnabye, and the said Cuthbert 
Carnabye have occupied the same ever since the dissolution, and it is claimed by the said leasers ; and 
said Cuthbert saith that he payeth to said Clare ^lo per annum.' 

Stagshavv Close is enumerated amongst the estates which, at the death of 
Sir Johtj Forster in 1602, descended to his grandson Sir John Fenwick, and 
in 1663 it was rated to Sir William Fenwick at ;^^. It was one of the 
places purchased from Sir John Fenwick in 1689'' bv Sir William Blackctt, 
who on the 22nd December, 1691, transferred it to Thomas Gibson of Stone- 
croft in exchange for his interest in Donkin Rigg in the parish of Hartburn 
and ^25. Gibson's widow, Ann Pudsav, was residing at Stagshaw Close house 
in 1724, when, as a Roman Catholic, she registered an annuity out of Stone- 
croft. Their son, George Gibson, who was found guilty of high treason and 
imprisoned for taking part in the rebellion of 171 5, died in the following 
year of the spotted fever, and was buried in St. Giles' churchyard, London. 
Stagshaw Close house, having been included in his marriage settlement, was 
either restored to or secured by his family.^ His great-grandson George 
Gibson sold Stagshaw Close house about 181 7 to the Rev. John Thompson, 
vicar of Warden,^ whose son, the Rev. Francis Thompson, sometime vicar of 
Carham, made it his home. After passing through the hands of the Crawhall 
family it was purchased from the trustees of Robert Hawthorn in 1868 by 
Mr. John Straker. Mr. Straker was son of Mr. Joseph Straker of North 
Shields, and grandson of George Straker of Walker, master and mariner. 
The latter by trading between the Tyne and Baltic during the second half of 
last century had been induced to settle as a shipowner and wood exporter in 
the great timber port of Memel, though he ultimately returned to England 
and died in 1806. A biography of his son, George Straker, 'a strong minded 
Novocastrian ' and public spirited Tynesider, may be found in Mr. Richard 
Welford's A/en of Mark. Another son was Mr. Joseph Straker, who, with 
his son John and Mr. Joseph Love of Durham, founded the well-known firm 
of Strakers & Love, colliery owners. Mr. John Straker,'' in 1885, built 

' Exchequer Special Commissions, No. 1711, Northumberland, 10 Elizabeth. 
■■' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 259. ' Ibid. vol. iii. pp. 393-395- 

' John Thompson was vicar of Warden for forty-three years, and died 12th December, 1S26, aged 88. 
' In 1873 John .Straker of Stagshaw house was returned as owner of 1,870 acres with an estimated 
rental of ^2,086. Parliamcnt.try Return of Owners of Land. 









the domestic chapel dedicated to St. Aidan, which stands a little to the 
north-west of Stagshaw Close house, now the residence of his widow. 

Above Stagshaw Close house is the moor where the great muster 
was taken on 24th November, 1595,^ and where annually on the 4th Julv, is 
held the Stagshaw Bank fair,'^ which, before the days of railways, was one of 
the largest cattle and sheep fairs in the north of England, upwards of 100,000 
head of the latter being frequently shown on such occasions at the end of 
last century.' Blackfaced sheep were brought from the south-west and west 
of Scotland,^ and great numbers of cattle, horses, and swine were exposed 
for sale. The fair day was a gala or festival for all ranks and classes in 
the district. It was visited in 1825 by the Rev. John Hodgson and the 
Rev. James Raine, the latter of whom writes as follows : 

Upon reaching Stagshaw Bank, a large open tract of ground, not far from Corbridge, inclining swiftly 
from the Roman Wall to the Tyne, we found ourselves in the midst of a great annual fair held on this 
declivity, chiefly for cattle, but in truth for goods of all kinds, ' things,' as an old inventory at Durham 
has it, 'moveable or moving themselves.'" At this place, which is a solitary' field, at a distance from any 
population, there are great well-known periodical gatherings of buyers and sellers from the whole north 
of England, on the western or eastern coast ; and the southern counties of Scotland send forth in 
abundance their men and goods to buy, sell, or be sold. 

In a large pasture upon the slope of a hill, with a wide prospect, extending down the valley of the 
Tyne as far as Gateshead Fell, and in ever)' other direction except on the north, having an almost 
unlimited view of a spreading tract of country, there were gathered together, without the slightest attempt 
at the order which is of necessity observed in markets and fairs held within the walls of a town, horses 
and cattle, and sheep and swine, and in short eveiy thing which is bred or of use in farming operations, 
with thousands of other things, which it would be no easy task to enumerate ; and then there were people 
of all ages, from all quarters, and in all kinds of costume ; the Scotchman in his kilt, and the Yorkshire- 
man in his smock-frock ; and every variety of booth or hut for refreshment or dissipation. That we had 
stumbled on a fair of Roman origin may not, I think, be doubted. The situation of Stagshaw Bank is an 
extremely convenient one for gathering together at stated periods of the year the produce of this the 
eastern side of the island; and as long as the Romans were in possession of Britain, and there was an 
immense population along the line of the Wall from sea to sea, the natives would find a ready market for 
the produce of their fields and farmyards. The Wall, which runs at the distance of a mile northwards, 
would be a protection to the sellers of cattle and wares in that direction ; and from the south they had 
nothing to fear." 

' The commissioners of array were Richard Goodrick for Yorkshire, William Fenwicke for Northum- 
berland, John Featherstonhaugh for the bishopric, who reported 'that all those viewed were generally well 
amied with furniture as light horse, and very few defects in armour.' There were 37 light horse allowed to be 
furnished, 270 horses were disallowed, and 190 were returned as absent. Bonier Papers, Bain, vol. ii. p. 73. 

- The fair is called the Midsummer fair (to distinguish it from the similar Whitsun fair), and it was 
probably originally held about Midsummer day, the feast of St. John Baptist. C/. Hodgson, Northumber- 
land, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 159. " Cf. Bailey and Culley, Agricultural Survey, 1797, p. 152. 

' In the early part of the century, Mr. John .Moore Bates, of .Aydon White house, bought a Gaelic 
grammar in order to acquire enough of the language to converse with the Highland drovers at Stagshaw 
Bank, who could speak hardly any English. 

' ' Inventarium omnium bonorum mobilium et immobilium seseque moventium.' Here at Stagshaw there 
was nothing immovable save the ground. ' Raine, Memoir of Rev. John Hodgson, vol. ii. pp. 60, 61. 

Vol. IV. 27 


The fair is formally opened and proclaimed by the bailiff of the duke 
of Northumberland as lord of the manor of Corbridge,' who welcomes at the 
'Angel' inn at Corbridge the officials and those who intend to accompany 
him to ' ride the fair.' Preceded by the constables carrying halbert and 
staff, and followed by the piper playing on the Northumberland small-pipes 
the familiar air, ' Chevy Chase,' the company march to the market cross, 
where is made the first proclamation, and thence to the fair ground, so that 
the riding the fair may begin at noon. The procession takes the low or east 
side of the horse fair (which is held on both sides of Watling Street), and 
when the west side of Watling Street is reached, a halt is called and the 
following proclamation is read : 

These are in Her Majesty's name and in the name of the Most Noble ALGERNON George 
duke and earl of Northumberland, Earl Percy, earl of Beverley in the county of York, Baron Warkworth 
of Warkworth castle in the county of Northumberland, Lord Lovaine, baron of Alnwick in the said 
county of Northumberland, a baronet and one of the Lords of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy 
Council, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the county of Northumberland and of the city and 
county of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, lord of this manor and fair, and the rights and privileges of the same, 
to strictly charge and command all manner of persons coming and resorting thereunto, well and decently to 
behave themselves in word and deed,and that they and everyone of them do preserve and keep Her Majesty's 
peace without oftering any violence, making any riot, rout, or unlawful assembly or drawing any weapon, 
or shedding any blood during the continuance of this present fair, and that they nor any of them do use 
any unlawful buying or selling, or commit any misdemeanour whatsoever which may disquiet Her 
Majesty's peace and the civil government of this present fair, upon pain of such penalties and punishments 
as shall be inflicted upon them by the governor or officer of the said fair or manor, and that as well the 
buyer, seller, or exchanger shall repair to the clerks of the tolls and in their books record their names and 
surnames, together with the colour, marks, and ages of every horse, colt, gelding, mare, or filly, or any 
other sort of cattle, upon pain of forfeiting the same as shall be neglected to be tolled, and all other 
goods, merchandise, liciuor, and so forth as do not pay their toll and stallage are under the same for- 
feiture. And it is further commanded that all manner of persons whatsoever, buying, selling or 
exchanging between party and party within the said manor and fair, do quietly and peaceably pay their 
toll and stallage due and accustomed to be paid, and if there should happen any controversy in the buying, 
selling, or exchanging between party and party within the said fair and manor, they may repair to the 
officer of the said fair, where they shall have justice in and by the Court of Pie Powder, according to the 
equity of their cause. And lastly know all men that this fair is to continue for and during the space of 
eight days next after this proclamation is read, and hereof all manner of persons as well foreigners 
as aliens and those of Her Majesty's subjects are required to take notice, as they and every one of them 
do tender their duty towards Her Majesty, and will avoid such penalties and punishments as are limited 
for the punishment of olifenders. God save the Queen, and the lord of this manor and fair. 

The procession moves forward to the bridge, the wall of which on 
either side above the keystones is touched with the halbert and staff borne 
by the constables, it then proceeds along the north side of the fair ground to 
the Sandy Lane, where the boundary walls are touched by the constables in 

' The circumstances under which the lord of the manor of Corbridge comes to hold his fair in another 
manor and within the regality cannot be described here, but must be deferred for the account of Corbridge. 


like manner. Moving from thence along the western boundary to Sandhoe 
gate, where it takes to the fields (for part of the ancient fair ground has 
been enclosed and planted), the procession goes down the south side of 
the plantation until it comes to a cottage, the doorstep of which it crosses, 
and thence passing over the open ground to where it began. On reaching 
this, the starting and finishing point, the riders with their horses form in 
a circle, when punch is handed round, and the health of the lord of the 
fair is drunk. 

In 1663, besides the owners of Beaufront and Stagshaw Close house, 
there were six proprietors in Sandhoe who were rated as follows : Mr. John 
Weldon, ^12; Lawrence Hutchinson, £\2] Nicholas Soulby, fy; Elizabeth 
Stephenson, £b ; George Armstrong, £^, ; and Robert Reed, £^. Some of 
these parcels are represented by the estate between Sandhoe house and 
Stagshaw Close house, belonging to Mr. Livingston Clarke of Hexham 
house ; others have doubtless been absorbed in the other estates described. 


The township of Portgate,^ which is divided by the Wall into two nearly 
equal parts, has an area of 663 acres, and at the last census had a population 
of 57.- Its name has been derived from the Porta, by way of which Watling 
Street was carried through the Wall, a derivation, however, which has no 
claim to be adopted. The hamlet stands high, and much of the land is poor. 

At the Northumberland Assizes, in 1278, there was a case heard 
respecting common of pasture in Porthete, to which William de Middleton 
and Walter, archbishop of York, were parties.'' 

In the return made in 1320, to the order of Archbishop Melton, to 
enquire into the state of St. Giles' hospital at Hexham, it is stated that the 

' MacLauchlan in his Snrvcv of the WaiUng, Street says : ' At Portgate the Roman Wall crosses the 
Watling Street, the turnpike road being on the Wall and its ditch on the north of the road. The Roman 
ditch and rampart are parallel to the Wall at this place, and about 80 yards on the south side of it. It 
may be proper to notice here that the township of Portgate extends a considerable distance on each side 
of the meeting of \\'atling -Street with the Roman Wall, and it seems possible that the name originally 
applied to the cross-road, as f'ort an entrance and gate the northern word for a way or road, for it is 
presumed that the buildings now called Portgate are much subsequent to the naming of the township.' 

Dr. Hunter, Mr. Smith, and others take notice of some remains at Portgate, or near it. And ui the 
new edition of Camden it is observed that 'there is at Portg.tte a square old tower still standmg and 
great ruins of old buildings.' But this tower has nothing in it that is Roman, being of the same form with 
a multitude of others that are in the north, and of a much later date : and the ruins are not (that I know 
of) at Portgate, but at Halton. Horsley, Britiviiiia Romana, p. 142. 

= The Census Returns are: 1801, 29; 1811, 29; 1821, ll\ 1831, 29; 1841, iS; 1S51, 32; 1861, 74; 
1871, 77; 1881, 72; 1891, 57. ' Northumberland Assize Rolls, Page, p. 241 ; Surtees Soc. No. 88. 


hospital had possessed certain property at Porteyate, as well as at He.xham 
and Falufeld, the gift of different benefactors, but from it (thougli formerly 
worth IIS. 2d. a year) they received nothing, as it was all waste.' 

On the 1st January, 1335/6, an order was issued from Archbishop Melton 
to Thomas de Lelom, the bailiff of He.xham, to enjoin Gilbert and Henry de 
Vans to show before the justices why they had forcibly carried away the crop 
{blada) of Thomas del Shawes of Porteyate, of the value of ;^io,- and on 
the 4th October, 1348, in a breve pat. ass. nov. diss, to Nevill,^ there is the 
record of a suit brought by Thomas del Shawe of Portyet against Adam de 
Vauls, lord of Beaufront, Henry de Vauls, and Robert del Coten of Acomb, 
concerning a free tenement in Portyet.^ 

On the marriage of Thomas de Vaux of Beaufront with Margery, 
daughter of Robert de Lisle, in 1387, a moiety of the hamlet of Portgate, 
with the whole vill of Bucklif, was, bv his father, John de Vaux, settled 
upon him, with remainder to his sister, Elizabeth, wife of John Errington. 
Both of these places were, in 1452, in the possession of Margery, widow of 
William de Mitford, who in that year gave seisin of them to Gerard de 
Widdrington." In 1547, lands in Portgate and Portgate Leazes were held by 
Odinel Carnaby at the annual rent of lis. 8d., William Carnabv at 2s. 4d., 
and Robert Errington" at 12s. lod.' 

On the 1 2th October, 1560, Odnell Carnaby made feoffment with 
livery of seisin of Portgate to his younger son, George Carnaby.'* On the 
3rd April, 1594, administration of the personal estate of Roger Carnaby of 
Portgate was granted to his sister Mary, wife of Francis Blenkinsop ;' and 
in 1606 there was a suit in which William Carnaby was plaintiff and Lancelot 
Carnaby defendant. Twelve years later William Carnaby and Magdalen his 
wife settled the estate to their own use for life, with remainder to Thomas 
Middleton. They were both living in 1629, but in 1631 William Carnaby, 
who was then in Bradford in the county of Northumberland, joined with 
Middleton in conveying the estate to William Radcliffe, who three years later 
conveyed it to Sir Edward Radcliffe.'" The latter, in 1654, with the consent 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 131. " York Registers, Melton, 427 a. ' C/. vol. iii. p. 3911. 

' York Registers, Zouche, 296 a. '' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 234. 

° 1597' 31st March. Administration of John Errington of Portgate granted to Helen, his widow. 
Raine, Test. Ebor. ' Vol. iii. p. 81. ' Raine, Test. Ebor. 

' The remainders over were to Nicholas Carnaby, elder brother of George, to Roger Carnaby brother 
of Nicholas, to Tristram Carnaby (whose connection is not recited), to Reginald brother of Tristram, and 
to Robert Carnaby brother of the first said Odnell Carnaby. Schedule of Portgate Deeds with Mr. John H. 
Straker. '" Abstract of Title to Portgate in the Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 



of Francis Radcliffe, his son and heir apparent, conveyed Portgate to Richard 
Errington of Beukley, who was rated for it in 1663 at £S'^- All that is 
known of this branch of the Errington family and of the Widdringtons, 
who succeeded them, is shown in the following pedigree : 


Richard Errington of Beukley, Todridge, and Portgate ; will dated = 
nth July, 1670 (i5) ; buried 15th July, 1670 (a). 

Edward Errington 
of Beukley ; 
d\edcirca 1721 ; 
possessor of 
tithes at Hay- 
don Bridge, etc. 

Gilbert Errington of Portgate, which 
he took under his father's will ; 
buried 31st Dec, 1725 {a) ; will 
dated 29th Dec, 1725 ; enrolled 
4th June, 1726 (c) ; proved at 
York, 29th July, 1726. 

Catherine := William Widdring- 
ton of Colt park 
and of Throp- 
ton ; buried at 
Netherwitton, 2nd 
June, 1720 (li). 

Mary ; married John 
Blackett of Wylam, 
whose grandson, 
John Blackett, in 
1739 brought an 
action to recover a 
moiety of Portgate 

(0- -> 

Edward Widdrineton of Colt park and Ritton White-house, heir and devisee ^= Mary ... ; buried 

of his uncle Gilbert Errington of Portgate ; as a Roman Catholic regis- 
tered his estates in 1715 ; party to son's marriage settlement, when he 
conveyed estate to his son in consideration of an annuity of .^80 per 
annum ; died May, 1749 ; buried at Netherwitton (d). 

at Netherwit- 

25th June, 

Henry Widdrington ; 
named in grand- 
father's will, 1670. 

Henry Widdrington of 
Portgate and Colt 
park ; buried in 
Hexham quire, 14th 
Jan., 1727/8 ; admin- 
istration granted to 
widow, 1st Oct., 1729, 
and again 7th Feb., 
1786, to his nephew 
Robert Potts. 

Margaret, daughter of 
Major Allgood, rec- 
tor of Simondburn ; 
bond of marriage, 
2nd July, 1726 ; 
marriage settlement 
dated 21st June and 
enrolled 5th Oct., 
1726 ; died at New- 
castle, 7th Dec, 

J.N I 

William, baptised 
ryio; buried 1720 

Robert, born 1698 ; 
buried 1698/9 {d). 

Richard, born 1700 ; 
buried 1701 (i). 

Edward ; died in in- 
fancy ; buried at 

Elizabeth, = John Cuthbertson of Aln- 

1703 (O. 

wick ; married 
wick, 8th June, 

at Aln- 
729 (')• 

Mary = 

Thomas Potts 
of Warton, 
parish of 

Robert Potts, only surviving son, who, 7th Feb., 1786, took out letters of administration 
to personal estate of uncle Henry Widdrington. Resided in London for some years, but 
died at or near Rothbury, and was buried there. -i/ 

Henry Cuthbertson of Felling Shore and 
of Newcastle, who at the death in 1777 
of Margaret, widow of Henry Wid- 
drington, brought an action of eject- 
ment, which failed, to recover some of 
his uncle's estates, etc. ; died at Ryton, 
Dec, 1804 CO. 

Catherine, daughter 
of Robert Sur- 
tees of Croney- 
well ; married at 
St. Nicholas', 
Newcastle, 25th 
Dec, 1766. 


Elizabeth Cuthbertson, only child ; married B.arnabas Fenwick 
of Bedlington and of Ryton Woodside, and died 17th July, 
1837, aged 62. si- 

(a) St John Lee Register. 
(iS) Raine, Test, Ebor. 
if) Abstract of Title to Portgate. Rev. John 
Hodgson's Collection. 

„. ' Ml. 

ivilliam Cuth- Mary; married George Rochester 
bertson of Fel- of North Charlton, and died 

ling Shore and there, June, 1799, aged 74. 

of Newcastle ; -i/ 

died 13th Dec, Dorothy ; married William Whin- 
1S14, aged8i. field, clerk, vicar of Branxton 

and perpetual curate of Cornhill, 
and died at Cornhill, 12th May, 
1771. 4. 

Another daughter: went to .America. 

(</) Netherwitton Register. 
(/) Alnwick Register. 

(/) Newcastle newspapers, 29th December, 

Mrs. Widdrington's portrait is at Nunwick ; she is said to have been married in Chipchase chapel in July, 1726. 



1670, nth July. Will of Richard Errington of Beuckley. To my eldest son Edward Errington, my mortgage of 
Beuckley and all my reall estate, except what shalbe expected (^sic). To my second sonne Gilbert Errington, my land 
at Portgate. To my daughter Mary Errington, in lieu of her portion all my interest and mortgaged lands in 
Hexhamshire, etc. To my daughter Catherine Widdrington, ;^I0. Grandchildren Edward and Henry Widdrington 
each .f 10. To my grand-daughter Widdrington, ;f 10. To my wife, beside her thirds, £-,. John Thornton of 
Netherwitton, esq., and Henry Thornton of Witton Sheeles, gent., executors, and that for the proper rite (sic) of my 
Sonne Edward, my daughters Widdrington and Mary Errington. Proved l6th December, 1670, by the two executors.' 

Gilbert Errington of the Portgate complained at the Midsummer Sessions, 1703, against Bartholomew Anderson 
and Lancelot Weldon for their proportion of ceruiin cesses charged on the lands in the township of Portgate. 
Against the order Mr. Thomas Errington and Lancelot Weldon appealed at the following Sessions (.Michaelmas, 
1703), but it being alleged that Gilbert Errington was then ill, proceedings were stayed until the following Sessions.' 

1723. A farm of land at Portgate, ^75 per ann., now in possession of .Mr. Gilbert Errington, adjoining Stag- 
shaw Bank, with good houses, barn, byre, etc., to be let. Enquire of Mr. Gilbert Errington in Hexham, or Mr. John 
Errington, free-porter, Newcastle.' 

1725, 29th December. Will of Gilbert Errington of Portgate in Northumberland, gent. My estate called 
Portgate, Totridge, and tyths of Haydon Bridge, late the estate of Edward Errington, to my nephew Edward 
Widdrington of Coltparke, gen.; he executor. My household goods to my maid Bridget Weddell. Probate of will 
of Gilbert Errington of Hexham, granted 29th July, 1726, to Edward Widdrington the nephew and sole executor.* 

1774, May. The 12th inst., died at Cornhill, universally lamented by all who knew her, Mrs. Whinfield, wife 
of Mr. Whinfield, vicar of that place, daughter of Mr. John Cuthbertson, late of Alnwick, and grand-daughter of 
Edward Widdrington of Colt park, esq., about two days after she was delivered of her tenth child. An affectionate 
wife, a tender parent, and a sincere Christian ; a little before her death, which she found was gradually coming upon 
her, she desired to see all her eight children, advised those that were old enough to understand her not to cry for her 
but to pay a greater attention in their lives to virtue and religion than to either riches or honour, recommended them 
in a short prayer to the .Mmighty who had wonderfully protected and delivered her, and took leave of them one after 
another without a tear.^ 

1799, June. .\t North Charlton, aged 74, Mrs. Rochester, widow of the late Mr. George Rochester of that 
place, and grand-daughter of the late Edward Widdrington of Colt park, esq." 

' Raine, Tfsi. Ebor. ■ S/ssions Records. ' Newcastle Courant, 7th Septenil)er, 1723. 

* Raine, Test. Ehor. ^ Newcastle Journal, iSth May, 1774. ' Newcastle papers, June, 1799. 

Henry Widdrington married Margaret, daughter of Major Allgood, 
rector of Simondburn, and settled his lands upon her in such a manner that 
at his death intestate she became entitled to them absolutely. She died at 
an advanced age in Newcastle in 1777, whereupon Henry Cuthbertson, a 
nephew of her late husband, brought an action of ejectment, but failed to 
recover the various estates of his uncle. At the present time Portgate 
belongs to the same ownership as the Errington estates.' 


The name Portgate is so closely identified with Watling Street that 
it may be fitting at this point to describe the section of the Roman road 
which traverses some of the townships treated in this volume. 

' C/. iupra, p. 193. 


The word 'gate,' used in its northern sense of a way, or road,' is familiar 
in Carelgate, Stanegate, and Portgate. Carelgate is ' Carlisle road,' Stane- 
gate is 'stone road,' or 'paved road'; and, whether by coincidence or as an 
actual survival of the term, Portgate represents the title ' Iter ad portum,' 
or road to the port of embarkation, which occurs as the heading of the main 
road in the Antonine Itinerary of Britain. In the reverse direction, and 
looked at from its base, the great highway was regarded as the strata via 
leading to the confines in the country of the Otalinoi, and was called the 
Watling Street from an early period.' 

Portgate and Watling Street, as two titles for one and the same high- 
way, correspond with the common practice in road nomenclature, where 
the same road mav be either 'the London road' or 'the great North road,' 
according to the direction north or south in which it is regarded. 

In the British iters the first one is treated as a branch uniting with the 
second iter at Cataracto (Catterick Bridge), and running with it as far as 
Eburacum (York). Thence the through route is taken up by the second 
iter and carried on ' ad portum Ritupis ' (Richborough, in Kent). 

The first stage in iter i. is that from High Rochester (Bremenium) to 
Corbridge (Corstopitum) ; and it is entered thus : ' A Bremenio Corstopitum 
m.p.m. XX.' [millia plus minus viginti].^ Of this distance nearly one-half lies 
between Broomhope and Sandhoe, passing through the intervening townships 
treated of in the present volume ; and an equal portion lies between the 
terminus at Bremenium and the point at which the road enters the township 
of Broomhope. From High Rochester to the river Rede the course of the 
road measures 8^ miles, and on the left bank of the river at Risingham the 
prima statio (Habitancum) is passed at a distance of 8 miles 5 furlongs. A 
rapid ascent from the river valley of 2! miles leads past the Swine Hills 
camp, and, at a point a little south of Four Laws, the Watling Street reaches 
the district with which we are now concerned. 

' 'Gate,' a street (Scand.), common in the north : it also means 'a way.' Icelandic gala, Swedish gata, 
a way, path, street, lane. Skeat, Concise English Dictionary, 1SS7, suh voce 'Cate' (2). 

^ 'It is just possible that the Otalinoi, whose name has often been misspelt Otadiiioi. may ha\e given 
this name to the Watling Street, the road which led to and through their country.' C. J. Hates, History of 
Northumberland, 1895, p. 14. Similarly, Icknield Way 'would be the highway of the Icen, or Iceni, the 
people into whose country this trackway dirccily led.' Edwin ("lUcst, Origines Cc'.tictc, vol. ii. 1SS3, 
p. 228. Compare the suggested derivation Erming Street. ' Earminga Street, the street of the Earmings 
or fenmen.' Guest, Ibid. p. 233. Deor Street, which was one of the names of Watling Street, is in like 
manner conjectured to be 'Deur(Deira) Street.' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. .\.\iii.; Surtees Soc. vol. 46. 

' That is to say. 20 Roman miles, more or less. This distance would be equal to a little over 18J 
English miles ; but the actual distance, according to MacLauchlan, is 23 miles and 5 furlongs. 


Here, for i i miles of its course, it forms a township boundary, first as ' 
the eastern boundary of Broomhope and then of Great Swinburne detached. 
It crosses Green Ri,e[g at an elevation of about 950 feet above sea-level. A 
cylindrical stone, dug out of the roadside here, has been set up on the hill 
above Waterfalls farm, and is known as 'the Derwentwater monument,' in 
commemoration of the meeting which took place on Green Rigg on the 6th 
October, 17 15. The stone, which is without inscription, appears to be a 
Roman milestone, and is said to be 6 feet 9 inches long bv about 15 inches 
in diameter. Its base is fixed in the ground, the present visible height of 
the column being 4 feet 9 inches.' Just beyond this, the road bends a little 
eastwards, and from thence takes an undeviating south-eastern course. A 
'drove,' or 'drift,' road of ancient date has been traced from Wark ford, by 
Birtley, and south of Tone hall across Watling Street ; and some facts in 
support of its Roman origin have been adduced.'^ 

About 350 yards from Tone inn, to the north-west, is a small camp 
placed on a prominent hill, and a similar camp occurs a little to the south 
of it, near Cowden.' These so-called ' exploratory camps ' may have been 
occupied by Roman scouts (exploratores), but they are probably of an 
earlier time. Passing Colt Crag, the road continues to descend towards 
the Swin burn, and at 550 yards on the east, and, a little further on, at 
the same distance on the west of the road, are twin camps, of rectangular 
form, enclosing areas of about half an acre each. ' They have been levelled 
so completely, that it is difficult to make out their forms precisely ; but 
enough remains to lead to the presumption that they are of Roman con- 
struction.''' Further to the west is a group of pre-historic camps on 
Camp Hill, Rever Crag, and Pity Me. The Roman road ran straight south 
to the Swin burn and, swerving eastwards at the crossing, entered a pass of 
some intricacy ; ' for the rocks project so much on each side that advantage 
must often have been taken of their recesses in times of warfare.''* On the 
south side of the burn, and at a distance of 90 yards on the right hand, is the 
conical Ox Hill, which appears to have been fortified ; and 700 yards to the 
east is Blue Crag camp, and its supporting camp on Green Crag. Blue Crag 
appears to have been very stronglv fortified, and in its enclosures twelve 
hut-circles of about 25 to 30 feet diameter are visible. These camps all 

' MacLauchlan, Survey of the Watling Street, p. 26. 

' Rome Hall, ' Roman way across Wark's Ford.' Arch. Ael. vol. vii. p. 19. 

' MacLauchlan, Survey uf the Wutliiig Street, p. 26. ' Ibid. p. 25. ' Ihiil. p. 24. 


'bear evicience of British rather than of Roman construction.'' They are 
an outlying portion of simihir remains of an early period which are scattered 
yet more thickly to the west and north-west of this line. 

The modern road has made a detour to effect an easier passage across 
the stream with a saving of the approaching gradients, but the two ways 
become presently joined again, and are so continued down to the Erring 
burn, where Bingfield township is entered, the stream being crossed below 
the 300 feet contour-line of the Ordnance map. The elevation has thus 
fallen about 650 feet in a course of 7 miles. But from this point to 
Beukley the rise is a rapid one, grading upwards about 500 feet in the 
next i^ miles. On reaching the 700 feet contour-line, beyond the road 
to Beukley farm, Watling Street bends southward. To the north-east is 
the prominent eminence of Grundstone Law, with lines of fortification on 
its summit. Just below, and on the east side of it, runs the Devil's 
Causey, known in local legend as Cobb's Causey, from the name of one 
of the group of ' Yetuns,' or mythic giants, popularly supposed to have 
haunted these parts. This causeway is the eastern branch of Watling 
Street, which diverges north-eastward across the countrv, traversing it in 
the direction of the Tweed. The e.xact point of junction of this branch 
road is involved in some difficulty. Mr. MacLauchlan traces its direction 
from a point, 'where tradition and evidence satisfy any reasonable enquiry,' 
leading thence from ' the bottom, south of Ryal, at the junction of the 
parishes of Stamfordham and St. John Lee, where it has the name of 
Cobb Causeway,' by Roses Bower, to the bend just south of Beukley, 
where he surmises that it joined the main road.' 

The course of the main road up to this point, after forming for a short 
distance the eastern boundarv of Gunnerton, then divides that township from 
Little Swinburn, and traverses Great Swinburn, Chollerton, Bingfield, and 
Cocklaw, which it skirts on the east. It there enters and crosses the town- 
ship of Portgate. 

Looking back from this elevation, across the great catch-basin drained 
by the Swin and the Erring burns, the road is in full view as it slopes down 
in its long incline to the Erring burn. Its arrow-like course, and its dis- 
regard of gradients, is a marked characteristic. It throws, too, some light 
upon the Roman conquest and occupation of these parts. Summit after 

' Rome Hall, Arch. Ad. vol. vii. p. 7. - MacLauchlan, Survey of the Watling Street, pp. i, 2. 

Vol. IV. 28 


summit presents the remains of British camps and earthworks. The valley 
below ' has been verv extensively occupied in pre-historic times, as is clearly 
shown by the existence of numerous camps, hut-circles, terraces, and burial- 
mounds. The older histories and the recollection of people still living tell 
of circles of stones which have now disappeared.'' These remains are 
especially apparent on the west side of Watling Street. Near Rirtley there 
are seven such pre-historic camps, varying from i acre to 3 acres in area. 
At Gunnerton the basaltic escarpment is occupied bv three large camps,'' 
whilst the line of road itself is flanked on either side by the similar remains 
just noticed. The significant fact has been pointed out that the pretorian 
gates at Habitancum and Bremenium are on the south sides of these 
stations;'* and the walls of Bremenium, especially those on the south and 
west, the two sides which face towards this centre of population, are of 
unusual thickness.* 

Watling Street, on reaching the line of the Roman Wall and the 
Vallum, crosses them, not at right angles, but obliquely. All trace of 
the gateway by which it entered the Wall was probably destroyed in 
the construction of General Wade's ' military road,' which occupies the 
site of the murus. Although there was a mile-castle upon the Wall itself 
onlv a furlong to the east of the point of intersection, there was a special 
structure where the road crossed the Wall, thus described as it appeared 
early in the last century : ' At Watling Street gate there has been a square 
casidbiin half within the Wall and half without, in which respect it differs 
from the other castella. And the part without is more visible and distinct 
than that which is within.'^ The Watling Street gate was therefore a 
special feature, distinct in character from the ordinary mile-castle. From 
a consideration of this peculiarity it has been surmised that Watling Street 
was made before the building of the Wall ;" this was the opinion of Hutton, 
who ' had no doubt ' that Watling Street was made first.' From the crossing 
point the comparatively level surface to the north and south shows the 
road well in view for a considerable distance in each direction. The lines 
of the Vallum are crossed at a distance of 50 yards south of the Wall, 
and are well defined. Just beyond, the road dips down to cross a sike, and 

' Greenvvell, British Barrows, 1877, p. 435. " Rome Hall, Arch. Ael. vol. vii. p. 3, etc. 

' Bates, History of Northiimberlaiui, 1895, p. 17. ' Bruce, Arch. Ael. new series, vol. i. p. 70. 

' Horsley, Britannia Romana, 1732, bk. i. ch. 9, p. 142. ° Bates, History of Northumberland, 1895, p. 17. 
' Hutton, History of the Roman Wall, 1813, p. 156. 


then ascends sharplv on the south bank of the stream. The crest above is 
carefully guarded by a well-defined camp of rectangular form (see p. 163), 
lying close alongside the road on its west side, and having an area of about 
an acre and a quarter. It is enclosed by a double agger, rounded at the 
corners, with an appearance of entrances on the east and north sides. The 
position is not more than a quarter of a mile south of the Wall and the 
defile, of which it is the defence, is a comparatively shallow one. The camp 
is significant of the disturbed conditions which existed in Roman times, 
and of the extreme precautions against a possible ambuscade. 

After passing the sike, the road continues due south across Stagshaw 
common, where it forms for some distance the eastern boundary of Sandhoe 
township. Thence begins a rapid descent to Corstopitum. As far as the 
lodge at Stagshaw house it is on the actual site of the existing road, but from 
that point the modern road has swerved a little eastward to ease the declivity, 
and Watling Street itself lies just within the park wall as far as its south-east 
angle, where the road enters the township of Corbridge. 

The fact which most strikes a traveller passing over Watling Street is its 
permanence ; for, except at the few slight points of deviation just described, 
the road now in use is the actual Roman road itself. With such an example 
in view it seems remarkable that until the year 1751 no other 'made 
road' existed in the district.^ Up to that date communication eastward and 
westward was effected by mere trackways.'' In this respect little or no 
advance appears to have been made since the first x\nglian colonists found 
Watling Street ready-made. Be this as it may, the road which had carried 
legate and emperor bore the new invaders to their 'hams' and their 'tons.' 
It formed a route for the armies of the Scots, as again it served the cattle 
lifter returning from his raid, and, yet later, the peaceful cattle seller from 
his fair; and to-day the wheels of the farmer's cart pass over the very road 
bed laid by the levies of Agricola. 

' General Wade's survey for the ' militarj- road' was made in 1 749 ; and the road itself was begun near 
the West gate, Newcastle, on the 8th July, 1751. 

^ ' From Newcastle, his lordship's rout lay to Carlisle. . . . And because the hideous road along by 
the Tyne, for the many and sharp turnings, and perpetual precipices, was for a coach, not sustained by 
main force, impassable, his lordship was forced to take horse, and to ride most part of the way to Hexham.' 
Roger North, Life of the Right Ron. Francis North, Baron of Guilford, second edition, iSoS, p. 271. 



The township of Bingfield is situated on the east side of Watling Street, 
and contains 2,081 acres, with a population of 70 at the last census.' 
In addition to the hamlet of Bingtield" it comprises the residence called New 
Bingfield, the farmsteads of East Side, East Quarter, Bingfield Comb, 
Toddridge, and Grundstone Law.' 

Grundstone Law, which probably takes its name from some large stone or stones, fixed in the earth 
and rising above the surface, is situated about three miles north of the Roman Wall, and one mile and 
a half east of Watling Street. On the top of a hill, which slopes rapidly to the north and cast, occurs 
one of those fortified places which are so common in the district, and which were probably the strong- 
holds of the British tribes. This camp is surrounded by a mound and ditch, and is oval in form. On 
the south side of it, within a few yards distance from the mound, there is a barrow, probably a 
sepulchral monument of the Bronze .Age. -It is circular, about 40 feet in diameter and 4 feet in height. 
It had been originally surrounded, at the base, by a circle of large whin boulders, so many of which are 
scattered over the neighbouring ground. These stones are now, with the e.\ception of two of them, 
removed from their first position, and are lying, some at a little distance from the barrow down the slope 
of the hill, whilst others have been used to form the wall of the field in which the camp is placed. The 
barrow is formed of stones and earth, and on opening it, when the level of the original surface of the 
ground was reached, an oblong cist was discovered, hollowed out of the limestone rock, and in part 
lined with sandstone slabs. The cist, which lay east and west, was 6 feet in length, 2 feet 9 inches in 
width, and 2 feet 3 inches in depth. On the north side was one lining stone of sandstone, which did not 
occupy the whole of the side ; on the west side also was one stone, similarly placed ; on the south were 
four stones, whilst the east end was formed of the limestone rock alone. It was covered with four large 
sandstone slabs, each about 8 feet in length and 8 inches in thickness. Within this cist were found the 
remains of two bodies. The more complete one was lying on its left side, with the legs doubled up, the 
head being at the east end of the cist. The bones of the second body, which were few in number, were 
lying irregularly in the cist ; one of them, the radius, a bone of the fore arm, was standing against the 
south side of the cist. Nearly all the articular surfaces of the more robustly formed and more complete 
skeleton, particularly of those of the left side, have suffered a change, whereby the motions of the joints 
must have been for some time before death impeded to a considerable extent ; within and around some 
joints small exostoses have been formed, and the spaces for muscular attachment have been rendered 
somewhat indistinct. On the articular surfaces there are seen raised borders, that on the humerus 
being half an inch in breadth, which have evidently restricted the movements to the enclosed central 
part of the surface. From this state of the bones it seems fair to infer that, for some time before 
death, either from some grievous bodily hurt or invasion of disease, the movements of the person 
must have been restricted to a considerable e.xtent and executed painfully.' 

The south-west extension of Grundstone Law is a tract of poor pasture 
land called Duns Moor ; and rising opposite to it on the north-east is the 

' The Census Returns are : iSoi, 91 ; 18 11, 109 ; 1821, 1 1 1 ; 1831, 98 ; 1841, iii ; 1851, 125 ; 1861, 
93 ; 1871, 105 ; 1881, 65 ; 1891, 70. 

' Often called Old Bingfield. ^ Often written Grindstone Law. 

* Abridged from Notes on Tumulus at Gruiuistoiit- Laif, by Rev. Wm. Greenwell and D. Embleton, 
l^LD. Trans. Tyneside Nat. Club, vol. vi. p. 34. The tumulus was examined 14th June, 1S60. 


Moot Law, in Stamfordham parish, the valley between being watered by an 
affluent of the Erring burn.' 

Before the Reformation the status of the chapel of St. Mary at Bingfield 
was analogous to that of St. Oswald-on-the-Wall and St. John Lee, with 
which it was associated in the order made in 1 310 by Archbishop Greenfield.^ 
At the dissolution Hexham priory possessed ' the offerings and tithes within 
the chapel of Our Lady in Bingfield,' which were worth £1 6s. 8d. a year ; 
but the prior paid a stipend of £^, a year to the chaplain.' Subsequently St. 
John Lee rose to the rank of a parish, and the chapelries of St. Oswald-on- 
the-Wall and Bingfield became subordinate to it^ until 1879' when, as has 
already been stated, they were severed by an Order in Council and together 
constituted into one ecclesiastical parish. There is no graveyard. The 
chapel had fallen out of repair and was ruinous before 1736, when John Kell, 
the chapel warden, was proceeded against at York.^ 

The following account of the assessment made for that purpose is 
valuable, as showing the extent of the parochial chapelrv as well as the 
allocation of ownership of the farms within it : 

737, 26th October. An assessment for the 

: rebuilding 

of Bingfield chapel 

The Rental as given 

of 12'' 
to the 

in the 

pound :' 

The Rental. 

Commissioners of the 

Land Tax. 









Totherish {sic) ... 





Grinston Law 





Bingfield Comb ... 





Bingfield hall ... 





Mrs. Mar)' Vamell 





Story's land 





Mr. Brumell 





Mr. Thomas Andrew 




-Mr. John Milbank 




East Quarter 





Hallington mill ... 





' The Black Book of Hexham mentions, in 1479, the Haliwell flat, lying between the vill of Bingfield 
and Todridge. Near the burn, but destroyed by draining operations about ninety years ago, was the 
spring called Hell's Caldron. Arch. Acl. vol. v. p. 106. 

■ Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 123. ' Ibui. pp. 167-169; cf. Arch. Ael. vol. iv. pp. 9, 10. 

* 1734, 4th February-. Alexander Stokoe was licensed and admitted to the curacy of St. John Lee, 
and on the 24th February of same year was admitted to St. Oswald's and St. Mary Bingfield. York 
Faculty Books. ' London Gazette, 31st October, 1S79. 

° Canon Raine, Notes from York Faculty Books, etc. ' From Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. 



The Rental as given to the 

The Rental. 

Commissioners of the 
Land Tax. 

Hallington demesne' ... ... /8o 


: £A 

Hallington Town ... ... 185 




Hallington Newhouses ... ... 125 




Bingfield demesne" ... ... — 



Bingfield corn tithes ... ... — 







ingfield demesne, I think, consists of these particulars: 


Mrs. Varnell 


Mr. Brumell 


Mr. Thomas Andrew- 



Mr. Milbank 


Underassessed to the chapel ... 



The rectorial or great tithes of the township of Bingfield, which 
belonged to Hexham and had passed from the Crown grantees to Sir John 
Fenwick, were sold by him in 1628 to the Mercers' company of London, and 
form part of the endowment of the lectureship of He.\ham. They were 
commuted in 1839, under the Tithe Commutation Act, for rent charges, 
which amounted to ;^I50 ids. per annum; at the same time the small tithes 
accruing from portions of Bingfield were merged, and the remainder com- 
muted for rent charges amounting to ^27 14s. 6d. payable to Robert 
Capper, esq. The landowners then were : 

William Henry Clarke, esq. 

Robert Capper, esq. 

Joseph Hepple 
John Longridge ... 

Ann Tweddel 

voeorge uooson ... i,aw noube... 





/ Todridge 

... 309 

. Robert Robson 

...< Bingfield West farm 

••■ 193 

( Bingfield North farm 

... ICO 

\ John Hepple ... 


■■■ I Bingfield Comb 

... 92 

... 458 

' William Coulson 

Grindstone Law 

... 277 

. Joseph Hepple 

Bingfield East Side 

... 125 

James Jewitt ... 

... Bingfield East Side 

... 156 

( Richard Robson 
■ (.George Dobson 

... Bingfield East Quarter 

... 287 

... Law House... 

... 46 

' 1763, 15th .-\pril. Licence to Ralph Soulsby, esq., to erect a seat in the chapel of St. Mary Bingfield, 
and erect a pew against the north wall, to open on the aisle leading to the communion table on the south 
side, opposite to the reading desk, about 5 feet square. York Faculty Books. 

" This is an exact transcript of the original document. 

' From a statement dated 30th August, 1839, of the apportionment of tithes of Bingfield chapelry. 
Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Dads. 



A school-house was built upon land conveyed 9th and loth August, 
1 77 1, by Mary Vernol to trustees for that purpose. It is endowed with a 
rent charge of /"lo a year for teaching ten bovs and girls free. Bye-laws for 
its regulation were made bv the Education Department in 188 1.' 

The first mention of Bingfield is in a thirteenth-century deed of sale of 
certain niefs [nativi) by Roger the son of Pagan of Bingfield, with the 
consent of his wife Margaret, to Archbishop Gray." This transaction pro- 
bably took place before 1229, in which year Archbishop Gray granted the 
wardship and marriage of the lands and heir of Roger de Bingefeld to one 
of his servants named Henry Wallon.' About the end of the thirteenth 
century Alice, widow of Roger de Bingefeld, brought an action against John 
de Vallibus concerning a tenement in Byngefeld, to determine which John of 
Upper Errington and Robert de Boceland received a Commission of Assize 
from Archbishop Romayne.* 

In the beginning of the fourteenth centurv,'^ Robert, son of Adam de 
Bingfield is found in possession of the manor. A writ of new disseisin was 
addressed by Archbishop Greenfield, 13th October, 13 10, to Sir John de 
Vau.x, Roger de Thornton, and William de Swethop, at the instance of John 
de Todholerig and Mathilda, his wife.*^ This appears to have been a friendly 
suit, and Mathilda obtained possession of the manor, and after the death of 
her husband is stvled by its name. After the death of Robert de Bingfield, 
Emma, his widow, had married Adam de Daneby, and they claimed the 
manor for Emma's life, alleging it to have been so demised by Robert, 
though he had allowed Mathilda to enter into possession.' In 1320 Sir John 
de Vaux, William de Denom, and Warin de Swethop were appointed justices 
to hear and settle this action, but thev do not appear to have done so, as Sir 
John de Halton, John Travers (Archbishop Melton's steward), Thomas de 

' London Gazette, 17th May, 1881. 

■ 'Omnibus, etc. Rogerus filius Pagani de Bingefeud salutem. Xoveritis me, de assensu et voluntate 
Margaretae uxoris meae, vendisse . . . venerabili patri Waltero Ebor. archiepiscopo et successoribus suis 
. . . Siricham quondam uxorem Waldevi, Ricardum, Uhtredum, Johannem et \Valdevum, filios ejus, nati\ os 
meos, cum catellis et omnibus sequelis eorum : pro qua venditione dedit mihi duas marcas argenti. Et 
hoc fideliter et firmiter observandum tactis sacrosanctis (Evangeliis), tam ego Rogerus quam dicta 
Margareta, uxor mea, juravimus. Insuper etiam subjecimus nos jurisdictioni prions de Extild', qui pro 
tempore fuerit, ut, si necesse sit, nos ad hoc possit per sententias exconimunicationis et interdict! 
compellere. Renunciamus appellationi, privilegio fori, et omni juris remedio, tam canonici quam civiHs. 
Testibus,' etc. Lansdouiie MSS. ccccii. 17 a, b, British Museum. 

' Archbishop Gray's Re(;ister, Raine, p. 234; Surtees Soc. No. 56. ' Y'ork Registers, Romanus, 91 b. 

^ 2ist July, 1303. Simon of Bingfield was one of the jury in an inquisition taken respecting the manor 
of Otterbum. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. loS. 

' York Registers, Greenfield, part 11, 49 b. ' Ibid. Melton, 405 a. 


Fetherstonhalgh, and William de Schafthovve were appointed for the like 
purpose in the following year.' Other justices were named in 1324 to hear 
the disputes between Richard de Acton, burgess of Newcastle (who appears 
to have acquired his claim from Mathilda) and Adam de Daneby and his 
wife ;^ and finally on 6th December, 1327, Acton did homage at Newcastle 
to Archbishop Melton for the lands and tenements he claimed in Bingfield. 
He was to do suit at the court at Hexham each year, at Michaelmas, 
Epiphany, and Easter, and to pay 8s. 2d. twice in the year, at Martinmas and 
Whitsuntide. A dav was fixed for his informing the archbishop (ad certi- 
ficandum dominum) if he should be called on to pay moie (si in pluri 
teneatur) before the following Whitsuntide in consequence of his oath ; 
and he was to pay half a mark as the chancellor's fee." A Commission of 
Assize was issued 20th March, 1331, for another suit between Richard de 
Acton, ■* plaintiff, and Hugh de Ranyngton and Joan, his wife, defendants.^ 
From the Actons, Bingfield seems to have passed, by marriage, to the 
Widdringtons, and on May 25th, 1367, by a deed executed at Warkworth, 
Roger de Widdrington appointed Thomas Ullesby and Edmund de Hesel- 
rigg his attornevs to deliver seisin of the manor of Bingfield, together with 
that of Denton, to his son, John," and Catherine, daughter of William de 
Acton, his wife.' Henry de Bingfield was deputy or under sheriff in 1386.* 

At an early period of its existence the priory of Hexham had obtained a 
grant of a moiety of Bingfield from a person named Germund. The original 
charter was destroved with the other muniments of the house by the Scots, 
and the donation is only known from the inspeximus of 1296. The prior 
and convent also possessed a rent of 6 marks a year out of the other moiety 
granted in 1289 by Robert de Skipton.'' 

That part of the Subsidy Roll of 1295 which relates to Bingfield is 
mutilated, but it shows that the payments made by thirteen tenants exceeded 

There is in the Treasury at I_)urham a degd made 2nd October, 1448, 
between Roger Widdrington, esq., and Robert of Claxton, esq., concerning 

' York Rigistas, Melton, 409 b. = Ibid. Melton, 417 a. ' Ibiil. Melton, 595 a. 

' Richard Acton, who married Maud or Mathilda, daughter of Richard Embleton (sometime mayor of 
Newcastle), was mayor of Newcastle 1334, 1335, and M.P. 1371. \\'elford, Ne-a'iastle and Gcitcsliciid, 
vol. i. pp. 81, S3, 85, 179. ' York Registers, Melton, 431 b. 

" The Widdrington pedigree as given in the Heralds' Visitation begins with Sir John Widdrington, who 
married Catherine, daughter of Sir William Acton. ' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 252. 

» Arch. Ael. vol. vi. p. 103. " Vol. iii. p. 139. '° Ibid. p. 32. 


lands and tenements ' whilk of late time were Adam Wasche ' [Vaux] in the 
county of Northumberland and Hexhamshire, whereby it is agreed ' that 
Roger shall have to himself and his heirs for ever the townfields in Cowpen, 
certain lands in Heton beside ye Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Shotton, North 
Horsley, and Bingfield.'' 

The survey of 1479 gives full details of the lands in Bingfield belonging 
to the prior and convent, where, together with the manor and grange, they 
possessed a chapel with various houses and 237 acres of arable land in 
demesne, lands scattered about in divers places and fields called Crawlaw, 
near the Erring bridge, Essewell-meadow, near Sandilands, the Linburn-flat, 
the Cotis-flat, the Cote-hill, the Cote-letch, Warin-law-side, Langthombes-flat, 
the Hollchester-bank, Cam-meadow, and Cammis-law. There were twelve 
husband lands (each of 24 acres) with rents varying from iis. 3d. to 17s. 3d. 
There were also twelve cottagers, and John Oxhird held the mill at a rent 
of I OS. Amongst the place-names it is interesting to recognise at least three 
which are retained to the present day, the Grene-came, Donnis-more, and 

Of the large number of fifty men furnished by Bingfield to the muster 
of 1538 only eight were fully equipped with horse and harness. 

Necolles Eryngton, Thomas Eiyngton, able with horse and harnes ; Edward Er\Tigton, Christofer 
Eryngton, Thomas Raunde, Thomas Knag, Edward Henderson, John Eryngton, Robert Robartson, 
Janad Robynson, W'illm Denyng, Gilbert Burdus, Robert Butland, Willm Brown, Robert Wod, Robert 
Robson, Rog. Word, Anto. Wod, Thomas Store, Jerrad Trumbyll, NicoUes Cuper, Ric. Melburn, Thomas 
Robinson, Andro Robinson, Willm Robson, John Younger, LioU Whit, Georg Yonger, Robert Yonger, 
Allexander Kell, naither hors nor harnes ; John Kell, Rolland Kell, Robert Kell, Thomas Kell, John 
Haliday, George Haliday, able with horse and harnes ; George Dod, Robert Triibyll, Edwerd Hedle, 
Edward Hedle, Nicolles Daveson, Robert Robinson, John Erryngton, W'illm Car, Ric. Xicolson, John 
Dennyng, Thomas Welson, naither hors nor harnes ; John Hew, Jerrard Henderson, Raufe Crafurth", 
naither hors nor harnes. 

From the survey taken of the possessions of the priory in 1536 we learn 
that their lands and tenements in Bingfield were let to Henry Errington by 
lease and vielded £1 a year.^ The survey taken in 1547 does not notice 
the priory lands, but only those of two freeholders, viz., John Widdrington, 
who paid a rent of 4s., and Thomas Errington of Bingfield, who paid 8s. id. 
a year for lands winch formerlv belonged to Roger Ash, and before that to 
Cuthbert Shafto and Swinburn's heirs. The reason for the omission appears 

' DuY. Tnas. ^fisccl!. Charters, No. 502. - Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 6-10. 

' Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 189. ' Vol. iii. p. 158 ; Arch. Ad. vol. iv. p. 8. 

Vol. IV. 29 


in the finding of the jury in an inquisition taken at Dilston under a com- 
mission dated 12th February, 1567/8, to enquire concerning lands belonging 
to the late dissolved monastery of Hexham supposed to be concealed, and 
addressed to Nicholas Ridley, esq., and others. The jury say that : 

One George Swynbome did give to the said monaster)' forty shillings lande by yere within the townc- 
feeldes of IJingefeelde called Swynebornes landes for ever. And that his son Roger Swyneborne came to 
Hexham as his attornye and dyd surrender the same in open corte with other certen land also called 
Swynebornes landes, and given by the said George lycngc within the townc and feeldes of Hexham, and 
said Roger by sufferance of the prior at time of the suppression entered said lands in ISingefcclde and 
received the rents thereof one term ; and after they stayed in the hands of Thomas Errington of 
Bingefeclde, how long they know not ; and now the heirs of said Swynbome do receive said rents.' 

The only Bingfield tenant mentioned in the survey of 160S is Thomas 
Story, who held a freehold at the yearly rent of 8s.^ 

The lands possessed by Hexham priory in Bingfield remained in the 
hands of the Crown from the dissolution until 5th March, 8 James I., when 
they were granted by letters patent to George and Thomas Whitmore, the 
Crown trustees, who on the following day sold to Sir John Fenwick ' a 
capital messuage at Bingfield in Hexhamshire, 90 acres of demesne lands, 
four tenements in Bingfield with the arable and meadow lands belonging 
thereto, and common of pasture in the fields ofLongmore and Downes-more, 
to be held of the Crown as of the manor of East Greenwich.'' 

On the 15th August, 1615, Sir John Fenwick sold all the lands granted 
to him by the Crown to John Errington of Bingfield, son and heir of Ralph 
Errington, late of Bingfield, deceased, and he, on the 30th June, 1621, 
conveyed the same to his brother, Ralph Errington (to whom he was 
indebted for considerable sums of money), in consideration of an annuity 
of ^"30 a year, payable to him and to Isabel, his then wife. He reserved a 
life interest in the coal pits.** John Errington was also possessed of lands 
at Bingfield, formerly in the tenure of Nicholas Errington of Bingfield. 

As is shown in the pedigree, the Erringtons of Bingfield were identical 
with that branch of the family for many generations settled in Beukley. 
Lord Eure writing to Lord Burghley on i8th February, 1595/6, says : ' Mr. 
Ralph Errington of Bingfield is removed to Richmondshire, his house'' (is) 
possessed with a hinde which weakens the queen's service.'" 

' Exchequer Special Commissions, No. 171 1, Northumberland, 10 Eliz. - Vol. iii. p. 87. 

' Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. * Ibid. Gilbert Errington of Ponteland was party to the deed. 

* The old manor house of the Erringtons (used as a farm house) was still standing when the Rev. 
John Hodgson visited Bingfield, 27th June, 1837; it bore the features of two centuries, and had a 
remarkable chimney. ' Border Papers, Bain, vol. ii. p. 106. 



Thomas Errington of Beukley (a) = 

Thomas Errington, son and heir, surrendered = 
Beukley, 28th April, 1528 (a). 

Nicholas Errington of = 
Bingfield, son and 
heir («). 

Thomas and Gerard ; mentioned 
in surrender of 1528 ; and in 
1606 said to have died about 
40 years before («). 

John Errington ; named in sur- 
render of 1528 ; and in 1606 
said to liave died about 40 
years before («). 

Thomas Errington of the Hurst, in the parish of VVoodhorn, son and heir ; unsuccessfully = Barbara ... ; execu- 

claimed in 1607 the moiety of Beukley and lands in Hesleden ' ■ • -• 

church ; will dated nth Dec, 1626 ; proved loth Dec, 1628 (^). 

buried in Woodhorn 

trix to husband's 

John Errington of the 
Hurst, baptised 
22nd Nov., 1605 
(/5) ; buried 26th 
Nov, 1645 (/O. 

Elizabeth ; George, baptised Gerard (1?). Katherine («). 

buried 30th Nov, Ralph («). Isabella, baptised 6th March, 1609 ((S). 

22nd Jan., 1606 (i). Thomas (<•). Barbara, baptised 2nd Oct., 161 1 (^). 

1642/3 (/O- Cuthbert (<•). Dorothy, baptised 20th Oct., 1617 (<5). 

George («). Elizabeth (c). 

William Errington of the Hurst, 
baptised 30th Jan., 1637/8 (/y) ; 
in 1663 rated for the Hurst ; 
dead before 1665. 


Thomas, baptised 17th 
May, buried 26th 
May, 1642 (i). 

Dorothy, baptised gth Feb., 1639/40 Qi) ; 
married i8th Dec, 1662, Gerard Ridley 
(i5) ; in 1665 described as sister and heir 
of William Errington (/"). -i/ 

Thomas Errington of Bingfield, son and heir (</) ; in 1552 named = 
in will of father-in-law, Gawen Rutherford. I 

[? daughter of Gawen Rutherford 
of Rudchester.l 

Ralph Errington of Bingfield, son and heir ; in 1607 
claimed and obtained a moiety of Beukley and 
lands in Hesleden ; died before 1616 (a). 

[? Dorothy, daughter of Reginald Forster 
of Capheaton, brother of Sir John 
Forster of Bamburgh (</)•] 

John Errington of Bingfield, son and heir; was admitted = Isabel, daughter of Ralph Errington, = 
to certain lands in Bingfield, 15th Aug., 13 James 1., : Robert Clennel of Bingfield in 
which he, 30tli June, 19 James I., surrendered to brother ; of Clennel. 1628; of New- 
Ralph (a). Inq. post mortem itii (_a). : castle in 1637.* 

■■ Barbara ... ; living 
a widow in 1659 
at Longridge. 

Mary [?Shafto]; buried 
at Chollerton, 5th 
April, 1668. 

Thomas Errington of Bingfield ; = Frances Howard ; bond of marriage, Feb., 1669/70 (c) ; mar- 

died 24th Nov., buried 29th 
Nov., 1677, at Chollerton ; will 
dated 20th Nov., 1677 (c). 

ried, secondly, Samuel Wilson, of Bingfield, /«« uxoris, to 
whom she had a daughter Elizabeth, baptised at St. John 
Lee, 2nd Aug., l5Sl. Frances Wilson was buried at All 
Saints', Newcastle, ist March, 1704/5. 

Dorothy, daughter and heiress ; bond of marriage, 
April, 1665 ; buried at Ford, i6th June, 1705. 

James Howard, lord of the manor of Redesdale (descended from 
Lord William Howard of Naworth) ; high sheriff, 1684. 

Charles Howard of Bingfield and Redesdale, born at ^ Eleanor, daughter and co-heiress of Sir 

Bingfield ; baptised at Chollerton, 1st July, 1669 ; 
married at Ford, 8th Dec, 16S7, and was buried 
there 22nd Sept., 1706 ; sold Bingfield in 1705. 

Francis Blake of Coggsand Twizell ; 
was living at F^ord a widow in 1712, 
and was then aged 45. 

Mary ; died 14th 
July, 1669 ; buried 
at Chollerton. 

Charles Francis Howard of Redesdale, baptised 
at Ford, 8ih Dec, 1696 ; will dated Ist Nov., 
1735 ; proved 1737 (0- ^ 

Dorothy; married at Ford, nth 
Feb., 1706/7, to Sir Warren 
Crosby of Ireland, bart. 

* Ralph Errington of Bingfield probably married twice, for in 1637 his wife is called Ellinor (a), 

(a) Hexham Manor Rolls. (c) Raine, Test. Ehor. {/) Raine, Test. Diinelm. 

(/() Wooit/iorii Register. ((/) Vol. i. pp. 160, 231. (/) Woodhorn Papers, \Voodman Collection. 


The place to which Errington had removed was Cleasby/ and in 1607 
he successfully contested the possession of Hesleden with his kinsman 
Thomas Errington of the Hirst, in the parish of Woodhorn." Thomas 
Errington of Bingfield' died in 1677, and was buried in Chollerton church, 
under a stone which retains a Latin inscription to his memory. 

1677, 20lh November. Tlie will of Thomas Errington of Bingfield. To be buried in the church of 
Chollerton. To Charles Howard my estate in Ridsdaile, to witt all the lands on the south side of Reed- 
water till ^1,300 be paid with the dammages now eight yeares by past, and all the rest of Ridsdaile with 
use and dammage for ^700, six yeares and upwards, allso with ^60 in suitt for procureing an execution 
against the premisses ; my will is to make it all to the said Charles and his heires, and failling him and 
his heires, to Dorothy Howard, wife to James Howard, esq. and her heires lawfully begotten, and failing 
her and her heires to James Howard and his heires for ever. To my wife Frances Errington my whole 
estaite, houses and lands of Bingfield and the Kame house, and the lands therunto belonging, together 
with the Fell hous, and the halfe of my personall estait, and the pety tithes bellonging unto me, for her 
life ; then my lands of Bingfield, the Kame house, and Grindston Lasv to the said Charles Howard ; 
then to Dorothy Howard and her heires ; then to John .Shaft'toe of Gunnerton and his heires. To Arthur 
Shafftoe of Fouston my lands called the East Quarter, paying ^5 per annum to his mother Margery 
Hearon during her life, £^ per annum to Thomas Errington of Bingfield, and £2 per annum to Matthew 
Errington, and £10 per annum to my wife for charratable uses for the present, afterwards to be given for 
the keeping of a free scoulle for ever. The other half of my personall estaite to my wife. It is my will 
that when the said Charles Howard my grandson, or Dorothy my daughter, or their heires come to enjoy 
the estate of Bingfield, to redeme and purchaes my said lands called the East Quarter, yeilding and 
paying to the said Artber .Shaftoe his heires, or the said John Shafftoe his heires, the full vallue. Lastly, 
it is my will that my wife or Charles my grandsonne, or Dorothy my daughter, or Arthur or John 
Shafftoe, when they come to injoy my estaite of Bingfield, shall pay yearly £^ to the poore of the parish 
of St. John Lee. So I rest this 20th of November, 1677. Proved at York by Frances the widow, 27th 
December, 1677. 

As will be seen from his will he gave the greater part of his lands to his 
wife for life, with remainder to his daughter (who had married the represent- 
ative of the thriftless Howards of Overacres, lords of Redesdale), and to her 
son Charles Howard. Errington's young widow married Samuel Wilson, 
and bore him at least one child before she parted from him to reside in 

The Howards, as the Rev. John Hodgson describes them, were in a 
chronic state of difficulty, and always borrowing from money lenders.'' In 
1692 James and Charles Howard mortgaged their reversionary rights to 
Francis RadclifFe, esq., and in 1702 there was an exchange between John 
Aynsley and Charles Howard, in which Aynsley gave certain petty tithes and 
;^I30, and took lands on the fell side and lands called Story's lands adjoin- 
ing Grundstone Law, formerly belonging to John Story ; these lands Aynsley 

' Exchequer Depositions, 37 Elizabeth, Northumberland, No. 27. ■ Vol. iii. p. 102. 

^ Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's TitU Deeds. ' Hodgson, NorthumbcrUind, pt. ii. vol. i. pp. 79-Si. 



in 1706 sold to John Douglas of Newcastle. Three years later, on the 6th 
February, 1705/6, Charles Howard and his mortgagees sold, for the sum of 
_;^3,ooo, his maternal inheritance at Bingfield to Charles Waite (of the Inner 
Temple, London). Charles Waite had married Alice, one of the daughters 
of John Douglas of Newcastle, and by articles before marriage, dated 29th 
December, 1699, covenanted to purchase lands in Northumberland to the 
value of ;^I50 per annum, and to settle the same on his intended wife and 
her issue. Douglas covenanted to purchase lands of the value of ^60 a year 
for the same purpose ; and the contract was completed by the purchase of 
these several estates in Bingfield.' 


Ann Preston, = John Okd, under sheriff of Newcastle, i6.S;; pur- 
first wife, chased Fenham, Newminster, and Hunstanworth ; 
I died 1721 ; will dated 30th March, 1720 (./<). 

Ord of Whitfield. 

Ann, daughter and co-heiress 
of Michael Hutchinson of 
Leeds. Her sister Alice 
married John Douglas (b"). 

Ralph Ord, 
eldest son; 
died un- 

Robert Ord of Bingfield; M.P. = Mary, daughter of 
for Morpeih, 1741, 1747, Sir John Darnell, 

1754; appointed lord chief . knight; married 


haron of Scotland in 1755 : 
died 1778 (a) ; will dated 
1 2th Feb., 1778 (/>). 

Oct., 1727 ; died 
Sept., 1749 (Ji-). 

Henry Alice ; married Abraham 

Ord. Dixon of Belford, 

4, 25th Aug., 1720, at 

St. Edmund's chapel, 


John Ord, F.R.S., of Lincoln's Inn = F.leanor, daughter 

and Bingfield ; a master in 
Chancery, sometime M.P. for 
Hastings, and chairman of 
Committee ol Ways and .Means 
of House of Commons ; died 
6th June, 1814; buried at Ful- 
ham s.p. ; will dated 9th June, 
1810 ; proved at London, 22nd 
July, 1814 (J,-). 

of John Simp- 
son of Newcastle 
and Bradley ; 
articles before 
marriage dated 
19th and 20th 
Aug., 1762 ((i). 

Mary Ord, 
of her 
brother ; 

Richard Capper of Ba'.- 
liol college, Oxon. ; 
matriculated 14th 
June, 1748, aged 17; 
called to the Bar 
1752 ; bencher of 
Lincoln's Inn, 1776; 
died 2nd Sept., iSco. 

. Ord ; married 

John Mackenzie 
of Dolphintown. 
. Ord ; married 
A. Macdonald of 
Taunton, iNLD. 
. Ord ; died un- 


Robert Capper, F.R.S., F.S.A., of Bingfield, Hunstanworth, and ^ Mary Ann, daughter of Richard Jenkinson of 

Cheltenham, born 1767 ; died 22nd April, 1851 ; will dated 31st 
Oct., 1S48 ; proved at London, i8th May, 1851 (J>). 

1 86 1 (_/,). 

buried at Swinden, 3rd Sept., 

Ann, daughter of Isaac 
Saunders, rector of 
St. Andrew Ward- 


Daniel Capper, clerk in orders, of Bingfield and Hunstan- = Horatio, daughter and co-heiress 

worth, born 28th Oct., 1804, only son ; incumbent of 
Huntley, Gloucestershire ; sold his estate at Prudhoe 
in 1862. 

Robert, born 1837 ; 
died 1847. 

Richard Harcourt Capper of Christ college, Oxon., matricu- 
lated 5th May, i860, aged 18, of Newbiggin hous", near 
Blanchland, born 25th June, 1S41. 

of James Slade, admiral R.N.; 
married i6th July, 1840 ((i). 

Julia, daughter and co-heiress 
of Henry Forde of Sand- 
bach, Cheshire. 


Robert Harcourt Ord Capper, born 1862. 

(a) Cf. Gentleman's Maga:rine, 1 778, p. 94. {f>) Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. 

Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds and Exchequer Depositions, 1 1 .A.nne, Xorthtiniberland. No. S. 


The oiilv issue of the marriage was a son, John Waite, who was of age 
in 1722, when he raised _;^i,6oo bv mortgage on his Bingfield estate to 
Robert Ord, subject to which mortgage on the i8th March, 1723, the estate 
was conveyed to the trustees of the settlement made on his marriage with 
Alice, daughter of Sir Andrew Hume of Kimmergham, one of the lords 
of Session of Scotland, to secure her marriage portion of ^700.' 

John Waite (who was deputy governor of Pendennis castle, and died 
3rd July, 1749), with his wife and the trustees of their marriage settlement, 
on the gth June, 1733, conveyed his estate at Bingfield to Robert Ord of 
Lincoln's Inn," whose only son, John Ord, and grandson, Robert Capper, 
successively enjoyed it. Mr. Daniel Capper, only son of Robert Capper, 
in 1863 sold his Bingfield estate, consisting of a farm at Bingfield, 211 
acres, Bingfield Comb," 235 acres,* and Grundstone Law, 277 acres, to 
Mr. John Fawcett of Durham, uncle to the present owner, Mr. C. J. F. 

Though the purchase of the East Quarter at its full value from Arthur 
Shaftoe was enjoined by the will of Thomas Errington upon his grandson, 
it is apparent that the latter was never able (even if desirous) to do so. It 
was acquired, probably by purchase, by John Avnsley of Hexham, and by 
his will, dated 5th January, 1748/9, was given with estates at Threapwood, 
High Laws, etc., to his son John Aynsley, with remainder to the testator's 
grandson Francis Tweddell, afterwards of Threapwood. The latter by will, 
dated 14th March, 1805, gave his estates in trust for his two surviving sons, 
Francis and Robert, from whose representatives it was purchased about 
1854 by ^^'"- George Stephenson, whose nephew, Mr. George T. Stephenson, 
is the present owner. It contains 280 acres. 

In 1663 the town, mill, and demesne lands of Bingfield were rated at 
;^2i3 6s. 8d., and held by the following proprietors : Mr. William Charlton 
of Spittle, ;£'90 ; Mr. Thomas Errington of Bingfield, ^90 ; another Mr. 

' Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. ■ Ibid. 

' The following quatrain is believed to be a fragment of the seventeenth-century ballad, ■ Show nic the 
way to W'allington' : 

Dear billy Sam, show me the way to Wallington ; 
I have a grey mare o' my ain, she ne'er gies cure a-gallopin ; 
Down by Bingfield Kame, and in by the banks o' Ilallington, 
Through by Bavington Syke — and that's the way to Wallington. 

Hardy, Denhum Tracts, Folk-Lore Soc. vol. i. p. 237. 
' Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. 

'" .\ pedigree of the family of Fawcett of Durham is printed in Surtces' Durliam, vol. ii. p. 60. 


Thomas Errington of Bingfield, ;^20; John Storey, /"13 6s. 8d.; Mr. Thomas 
Errington also possessed part of the petty tithes, which were rated at £(i. 

The lands held by William Charlton in 1663 were of equal value to 
those of Thomas Errington, whose descent has been traced, and may have 
comprised one moiety of the lands granted by the Crown to Sir John 
Fenwick in 161 1, for in 1628 Ralph Errington of Bingfield and Barbara 
his wife mortgaged certain lands at Bingfield to Sir William Fenwick 
of Wallington and Robert Anderson of Newcastle, esq. In 1637 Ralph 
Errington, then of Newcastle, with the mortgagees conveyed his estate to 
Ralph Widdrington of Bingfield.' 

In 1640 Ralph Widdrington," then of Colwell, made a settlement of 
his lands at Bingfield north side, and the water corn mill, 'with custom 
of grit from the inhabitants of the township of Bingfield,' upon his eldest 
son Henry, with remainder to his other sons in tail, then to William 
Widdrington (brother of Ralph), with remainder to Thomas, William, and 
John, first, second, and third sons of Henry Widdrington, whose relation- 
ship is not stated. The trustees of the settlement were Roger Pearson of 
Blackheddon and George Ramsav.^ 

The Widdrington lands in Bingfield (which were of greater extent than 
the moiety of the lands conveyed in 1611 by Sir John Fenwick, and included 
the mill) were, with an estate at Colwell, confiscated for the delmquency of 
Ralph Widdrington, 'late of Colwell.' They were sold in 1653 for the sum 
of ;;^98o, by the commissioners of Forfeited Estates, to John Rushworth of 
Lincoln's Inn and Gilbert Crouch, who, in the following year, conveved to 
Henry Widdrington of Blackheddon, who acted, apparentlv, in trust for, 
or on behalf of, William Charlton, then of Capheaton.^ The latter was a 
scion of the Hesleyside family, who, by marrying his cousin Elizabeth, 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Edward Charlton, and by buving out the 
rights of her sisters in their father's estates, himself became of Heslevside, 
and was the ancestor of the present owner. 

Probably to enable him to buy out the interest of his wife's sisters 
in their father's lands, William Charlton raised /."i,soo bv mort^aofno- his 

' The Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 

^ Ralph Widdrington of Bingfield married Eliz.ibeth, daugher and co-heiress of John Swinbum of 
Blackheddon, who was living in 1591. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 232. 
' Mr. C. J. F. Faw-cett's Title Deeds, and the Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 
* Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. 


estate at Bingfield to Sir Francis Radcliffe of Dilston, and in 1682 he sold 
the fee simple to Joseph Atkinson of Newcastle. The lands conveyed are 
described as a capital messuage in Bingfield, with certain lands extending 
'eastward along a stone wall to the Lvmeburne,' and soe upp Wallow'-banck 
and from "Wallow-banck northwards in a direct line to Errion-burne along 
all the marshe, which doth divide the severale lands of Sare' and Swinburne 
newlv set out from the demesne lands aforesaid, and from thence westward 
down Errion-water to Errion bridge, and from thence southwards up Crawlye 
to Bingfield churchwav, and from thence again eastwards to the said house ' 
of Bingfield aforesaid.* The same vear Atkinson conveved the land to 
Matthew Jefferson and Timothy Kobson of Newcastle, merchants and 

Timothy Robson's only daughter and heiress, Mary, married John 
Milbank of Thorp Perrow in Yorkshire, and was succeeded by her son, also 
named John Milbank, who married his kinswoman, Dorothy, daughter of 
Sir Mark Milbank of Halnaby. Mark,'' son of John and Dorothy Milbank, 
by will dated 23rd July, 1775, devised all his real and personal estate to his 
three sisters, of whom Jane, the last survivor, by will dated 20th June, 1791, 
gave her real estate to William Melville, whom she enjoined to assume 
the name of Milbank. William (Melville) Milbank in 1796, in considera- 
tion of ;^7,ooo, conveyed his estate called Bingfield Red-houses (or East 
Bingfield) to Joseph Hepple of Ryall and Thomas Mason of Fenwick South 
Shield, who, in the following year, agreed upon a partition. Mason, in 1799, 
by will gave his moiety to his sister Ann, wife of William Longridge,^ whose 
daughter, Elizabeth Weatherley (acting bv her trustee), in 1841, sold it to 
William Annandale of Shotley Bridge, and his son, Alexander Bowie 
Annandale of the Orange Free State, in 1888, sold it to Mr John Coppin. 

' The Linburn is mentioned in 1479. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 7. 

- Or Wallon ; r/. supra p. 223. 

' There was a suit in Trinity term, 3 Elizabeth, between John Coniers and others, plaintiffs, and 
John Sayer and Dorothy, his wife, defendants, concerning manors in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, and lands 
in Bynekefeld and Cjesniond in Northumberland. 

' The Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 

^ In 16S4 and 1686 Jefferson and Robson entered into agreements, whose purport does not appear, 
with Arthur .Shafto of Bingfield and John Shafto his son and heir, and in 1700 and 1708 into another 
agreement with Sir Robert Shafto, sergeant-at-law, and Mark Shafto, his son and heir. Mr. C. J. F. 
Fawcett's Title Deeds. 

* In 1774 Mark Milbank of Barningham voted for Bingfield. Poll Book. 

■ William Longridge was of Newbum and Newcastle, and a member of the family well-known in the 
north of England as the proprietors of the Bedlington iron works. 




Michael Longridge of Newburn ; buried at Xewburn, = Elizabeth ... ; executrix 
lOth March, 1716 ; will dated 4th March, 1716. I to her husband. 

I n 

Michael Longridge of Newbum, eldest surviving son, baptised = Catherine, daughter of John Bowrey of Ryton, Other 

at Newbum, 29th July, 1688 ; free of the Bakers' and 
Brewers' company, Newcastle, 1708 ; died nth June, 1726 ; 
buried at Ryton ; will dated 30th May, 1726. 

CO. Durham ; married at St. Andrew's, New- 
castle, 29th Aug., 1710. She remarried 
John Wallace of Newburn. 

Robert Longridge of Newbum, only surviving = Dorothy, daughter of William Kelly of Whorlton, and 

child, baptised at Ryton, 14th Aug., 1716 ; 
died... ; will dated 13th Feb., 1768 ; proved 

sister and co-heiress of John Kelly of Whorlton Moor ; 
married at Newburn, 30th Dec, 1737, and was buried 
there, 3rd Sept., 1764. 

1 I I 

Michael ; died in infancy, 1744. Deborah ... , 

William, bom 1743 ; died in in- first wife ; 

fancy. buried at 

Robert Longridge of Newburn ; Newburn, 

heir to mother ; was execu- 3rd May, 

tor to will of nephew William '771. 

Longridge in 1815. 

= William Longridge 
of Newcastle, 
baptised at New- 
burn, 30th Sept., 
1750 ; living 27th 
Feb., 1815. 

Ann, sister and heiress 
of Thomas Mason 
of Fenwick South 
Shield and of 
Bingfield ; will 
dated 23rd Sept., 

I I I 

Deborah, bap- 
tised 1740. 

Catherine, bap- 
tised 1741. 

Elizabeth ; liv- 
ing 1768. 

I I 

Robert Longridge of New- 
castle and of Painshaw. 

Mason Longridge of Fen- 
wick South Shield. 

William Longridge 

of Newcastle ; will 

dated 27th Feb., 

181 5 ; proved at 

Durham, 31st Jan., 


John Longridge of Bingfield and 

of North Shields. By will 
dated 6th Aug., 1832, he gave 
his lands at Bingfield to his 
sister Elizabeth Weatherley 
and her children ; proved at 
Durham, 25th Feb., 1839. 


Dorothy ; married 
Thomas Teasdale 
of Gateshead. 

Elizabeth ; married 
Robert Weather- 
ley of Newcastle. 


* This pedigree is based on one printed in Genealogical Notes of the Families of Longridge, Fletcher, and Hawks, 

collected by %\r. R. E. C. Waters of tlie Inner Temple, and printed for private circulation. The additions are from 
the Bingfield deeds, etc. 

The other moiety of Milbank's land, which was purchased by Joseph 
Hepple (who was a member of the family of Hepple of Blackheddon), was, 
by his will dated 13th July, 18 16, given to his grandson Joseph, eldest son of 
his deceased son, William Hepple, and his (the testator's) second son, 
Edward Hepple.^ The latter had only one child, who, in 1836, sold her 
share to her cousin Joseph (in the conveyance she is described as Elizabeth 
Nicholson Caroline, widow of John Netherton O' Brian Hall of Jarrow, 
clerk), who thus became possessed of the whole of the lands purchased by 
his grandfather. He died unmarried, and was succeeded by his brother 
John, whose only child. Miss Elizabeth Hepple, in 1868, sold the estate called 
Bingfield East Side to Mr. Henry Wilkinson, who, in 1876, sold it to Mr. 
John Coppin, in whom the two portions, comprising 280 acres, parted by the 

In 1826 Edward Hepple of Bingfield voted for freehold lands there. 

Vol. IV. 




division effected by Hepple and Mason in 1797 became re-united. Mr. 
Coppin, who resided at Bingfield for many years, died in 1891, and devised 
his estate, of about 280 acres, to his nephew, Mr. Joseph H. Straker, the 
present owner.^ 


Edmund Coppin of North Shields, born = Ann, daughter of William Mar of Morpeth ; baptised at 

at Saxmundham, Suffolk, circa 1690 ; 
drowned in I730. 

Morpeth, 23rd Jan., 1699 (a) ; buried at Christ church, 
Tynemouth, 28th Dec, 1767 (/i). 


William Coppin of North Shields, 
baptised at Morpeth, 6th .Aug., 
1726 (a) ; died at Shields, gth 
Nov., 1788 (a) ; interred at Christ 
church, Tynemouth (Ji). 

Isabella Wilkinson of ... ; mar- 
ried 23nd May, 1752 («) (/5) ; 
died 19th Sept., 1798, aged 67 
(a) ; buried at Christ church, 
Tynemouth (J>). 

Edmund Coppin, baptised 

at Morpeth, Sth April, 
1728 («) ; died unmar- 
ried at Shields, 29th 
July, 1782 (a). 

Frances ; 
... Hunter. 

William Coppin of North Shields, master and = Elizabeth Monkhouse ; 

mariner, born 17th June, 1757 (a) ; died at 
Shields, 15th January, 1S03 («) ; buried at 
Christ church, Tynemouth. 

1779 (''')• 

:6th May, 

Edmund Coppin of North Shields, born 
9th -April, 1769 («) ; died unmarried, 
28lh April, 1S35 (a) ; buried at Christ 
church, Tynemouth (Ji). 

William Coppin of BIyth, bap- 
tised iSth July, 17S2 (/i] ; 
admitted free of Newcastle, 
1801 ; appointed comptroller 
of H.M. Customs, BIyth, in 
April, 1S18 ; died 26th July, 
1866, aged 84 (<r). 

Mary, daughter of John Bar- 
ber by his wife Alice, 
daughter of Prideaux 
Selby of Middleton, near 
Belford ; died 4th Feb., 
1862, aged 86 (c). 

I I I I I 

Edmund, born and buried 1783 (^). Isabella ; 

John, baptised 17S6 (i); buried 1 787 (//). married 

Thomas Coppin, born 1784 ; buried 

1787 {!>)■ Bird. 
Thomas Monkhouse Coppin, baptised 

4th Nov., 17S7 (A). 

William Coppin of 
BIyth, only son ; 
married at Mor- 
ton, May, 1S42. 

Isabella, daughter of Edward Davis of 
BIyth, who was son of Thomas Davis 
of Morpeth, a half-pay officer, by his 
wife, Isabella Brown of Broomhill. 

Alice ; married Ralph Moffitt, 
and died at Kiiklistoii, 1867, 
aged 60; buried at Ratho, 
near Edinburgh ; 

Mary Barber ; died 
gth Oct., 1828, 
aged 17 (c). 

Edward Davis Coppin, only son ; died 4th Sept., 1862 
aged 18 (c). 

John Coppin of North Shields, = Mary, only child of George 

born 13th .April, 1773 («) ; 
died 5th May, 1827 (a) ; 
buried at Christ church, 

Hassal of Sunderland ; mar- 
ried at Wallsend, 22nd Sept., 
1814; buried at Christ church, 

Frances, born 2nd Mar., 1768 ; 
married at Tynemouth, 3rd 
.Mar., 1 791, George Kerr 
(/'), and died 28th Dec, 


Isabella, bap- 
tised 3i5t 
Oct., 1780 

John Coppin of Trinity, Cambridge, M.A., and of 
Bingfield, born at North Shields, 15th Jan., 1821 ; entered 
at Lincoln's Inn, 26th Jan., 1842 ; called to the Bar, 1846 ; 
died 1st Nov., 1891, aged 70 ; buried at Halton ; will 
dated 1st Nov., 1891. 

Elizabeth, born 14th Oct., 
1815 ; died unmarried 
15th I'"eb., 1835 ; buried 
at Christ church, Tyne- 

(a) Family BUtU. 

(Ji) Tynemouth Register. 

Isabella ; married at 
Tynemouth, 4th Nov., 
IS46, John Straker of 
St.agshaw Close house 
C«). nI/ 

(c) Ilorlon Registers and M.I. 

• Believed to be descended from and to represent Coppin of Market Cell, Herts. Cf. Clutterbuck, Hertfordshire, 

and Herald's Visitation of Herts., 1634. 

' The p.irliculars of the transmission of this estate and the succession of its owners are taken from 
Mr. Jos. H. Strakers Title Deeds. 




Andrews = 

Thomas Andrews, M.A., 
clerk in orders, lec- 
turer of Hexham, 
1717-57 ; buried iSth 
July, 1757. "ged 80 
(ff) ; will dated nth 
July, 1753; proved 
4th Feb., 1758 (i). 

I I 
Gerard Andrews ; 
livin? 1753 

Lawrence An- 
drews ; buried 
2ist July, 
1 74 1 C-^)- 

Robert Andrews of = Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas 

Hexham ; died 
28th Dec, 1764, 
aged 82 («) ; 
will dated 28th 
March, 1764 ; 
proved 29th 
Jan., 1765 (J,-). 

Rawlinson of London, 
knight and alderman ; ar- 
ticles before marriage, 3rd 
June, 1731 ; died 51st July, 
buried 4th August, 1769, 
^g^d 75 (.'') I will dated 
2'7th April, 1767 ; proved 
1769 W- 

Sarah ; married 
(as his first wife) 
Captain Henry 
Bloome of Hex- 
ham ; buried 
i6ih July, 1737 


Sloughter Clarke, B.A., clerk in orders ; = Honour, daughter and co-heiress. 

lecturer of Hexham, 1766-1801 ; died 
22nd April, 1820, aged 79 (a) ; ad- 
ministration granted at Prerogative 
Court, 24th Oct., 1820. 

baptised 3rd Nov., 1732 («) ; 
articles before marriage, 29th and 
30th April, 1768 ; married 7th 
May, 1768 (a) ; died 9th March, 
1805, aged 72 (a) ; will dated 
2nd Nov., 1793. 

Ann, daughter and co-heiress, bap- 
tised 6th March, 1 7 34/5 (a) ; mar- 
ried in Scotland. Thomas Newton 
of Hawkwell, and died s.p. I2th 
Julj', 1769, aged 32 (a). Thomas 
Newton's will is dated 26th Mar., 
1771 ; proved 1773 (Ji). 

Robert Clarke, M..^., clerk in orders, only son and heir ; baptised = Martha, daughter of Charles Shafto of Hexham 

5th May, 1771 {a) ; lecturer of Hexham, 1801-24 ; died in Lon- 
don, and buried 2nd May, 1824, aged 52 (a). 

died at Walwick hall, and buried 15th Dec., 18:4, 
jed 28 («). 

William Henry Clarke of Hexham house and = Ann, daughter of Rev. John Fen 

Bingtield, son and heir ; born iSth Dec, 1810 ; 
baptised nth July, 18 11 (a) ; died loth 
Aug., 1877. 

ton ; articles before marriage, 
27th and 28th May, 1834. 

I I 
Martha Clarke of Newbiggin hall, 

near Carlisle ; living 1897. 
Honoria ; died 5th Dec, 1882. 

Clement Henry Clarke of University college, Oxon. ; 
matriculated 29th May, 1857, aged 19 ; died s.p. 

Livingston Clarke of Hexham house and Bingfield ; 
living 1897 at West Quarter, near Falkirk. 

(a) Hexham Register and M.I. 

{/i) Rairie, Test. Ehor. 

1 7 16. Bowes, son of Gerard Andrew, gen. comniissaiy or muster-master, baptised about the latter 
end of October, 1715, and received 3rd May, 1716. Witnesses, Dr. Bowes of Durham, Madam Jane 
Bowes, his sister, and Mrs. Mary Shafto of Spittle.' 

Gerard, another son, born 26th and baptised 2Sth April, 1719. Witnesses, Captain Giles Peacock, Mr. 
Giles Dawson, and Mrs. Ann Challoner.= 

1764, 28th March. Will of Robert Andrews of Hexham. To the parish of Hexham, £10: the interest 
to the poor, at the disposal of the minister. 1 give £^o towards some decoration in Hexham church. To 
that part of the parish of St. John called Aneck and Sandhoe, ^20; the interest to the sick poor, at the 
disposal of the minister, and ^10 also to the sick poor of Bingfield chapelry. The residue to my wife, to 
be divided at her decease between my two daughters Honour and Ann, provided they inarry with their 
mother's consent; otherwise, that which doth not, shall forfeit out of her moiety ;f 1,000, which her mother 
shall dispose of. Anne, my wife, sole executrix. I request my body may be interred in my vault in 
Hexham churchyard, in the north side of my late brother Thomas .-Xndrews, and laid as he was. Proved 
29th January, 1765.' 

1808. 'Lately the Rev. R. Clark of Hexham to Miss Martha Shafto, daughter of the late Charles 
Shafto, esq., of that place, with a fortune of ^70,000.' 1 ! ! ' 

' Hexham Registcy. 

-- Ibid. 

Raine, Tat. Ebor. 

' Gent's Mag. December, iSoS. 


The Other moiety of WiUiam Charlton's estate, which was purchased in 
1682 by Matthew Jefferson/ was, by his will dated 16th October, 1685, given 
to his son, John Jefferson, with remainder to the testator's daughters, three 
of whom ultimately succeeded as co-heiresses, viz., Ann, who married, first, 
William Shafto of Carrycoats, and, secondly, John Cotesworth of the 
Hermitage; Elizabeth, who married Mr. Brumell;^ and Marv, who married 
Mr. Vernol. Mrs. Cotesworth's share came to her'' two daughters, Jane, 
wife of Henry Bloome"* of Hexham, and Elizabeth, wife first of Christopher 
Legge and then of James Smithson.' These two ladies on the nth October, 
1735, with their kinswomen, Mrs. Brumell and Mary and Elizabeth Vernol, 
entered into articles of agreement with John Milbank to stand the award 
of Major Allgood, Joseph Ledgard, and Edward Wilson for the division of 
Bingfield demesne. These shares, ultimately acquired by bequest and pur- 
chase by the Andrew^s family, are now comprised in West Bingfield, and 
belong to Mr. Livingston Clarke of Hexham house. 

It is apparent from the Black Book of Hexham that Todridge " is the 
other or Little Grotington granted in 11 13 to the prior and convent of Hex- 
ham by Archbishop Thomas II. On the 21st July, 1648, Thomas Pye of 
Morpeth, and Jane, his wife, gave feoffment and livery of seisin of Todridge 
to Richard Errington of Beukley, gent. The consideration paid by Richard 
Errington" was ;^I50, and he was rated in 1663 at j^yt) for Todridge and 

' Matthew Jefferson, alderman, and sometime mayor of Newcastle, died 1st March, 1687, and was 
buried at St. Nicholas'. John, his son, died 4th March, 1700/1. Welford, St. Nichola.';, p. 140. 

-1774. John Brumell of Newcastle voted for Bingfield. Poll Book. 

' It is not clear whether Mrs. Bloome and Mrs. Legge were not Cotesworth's daughters by a former 

' 1752, 29th January. Will of Henry Bloome of Hexham, gent. ^1,000 in East India stock to my 
nephew, the Rev. Mr. Hemington, to perform my will, to sell ; my aunt l^ebecca Lekee, widow of Robert 
Lekee of London, apothecary, £zo per annum; Hannah, wife of Thomas Oliver, officer of Excise, ;flo 
per annum for life ; my niece, ^Iary Hemmington, daughter of Mr. John Hemmington, /500 ; to Honor 
and Ann Andrews, daughters of Mr. Robert Andrews of Hexham, ^^50 each ; to .^nn, Charles, Martha, 
Matthew, and John .Shafto, children of Mr. Charles Shafto. late of Carry Coats, deceased, ^200 each; 
the Rev. Mr. Benjamin Peel of Hexham, ^10; the Rev. Mr. William Warton of Slealey, ^10; my 
brother-in-law, Mr. John Hemmington, and my sister Mary, his wife, /^lo each ; to Honor .\ndrews, my 
two silver candlesticks and snuffers and snuff dish ; to Ann Andrews, my four silver spoons, marked on 
their boles S.,'\.; to poor householders, /!8o ; to my nephew, William Hemington, my messuage and 
farmhold called Bingfield demesne, and my messuages in London and the residue, he executor. Proved 
nth June, 1752. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

^ In 1748 John .Smithson of Monkwearmouth voted for freehold lands in Bingfield. 

" 'Et est ibidem quaedam portio terrae arabilis jacens inter Grotyngton et terrilorium villae de Byng- 
felde, ex antiquo vocata Litil Grotington, modo vocata Todrige, . . . videlicet inter le Blake-dyke ex 
parte orientali; et sic, descendendo per lez Oppots et Todryge-burn, ad le Halywell ex parte boiiali; et 
exinde, ex parte occidentali, ascendendo versus orienteni, per le Grenelech ex parte austiali, inter terri- 
torium de Boclyve et Todryge-feld usque .ad le Blak-dyk prius nominatum.' Hexham Priory, Raine, 
vol. ii. pp. 7, 9. ' Mr. Livingston Clarke's Title Deeds. 


Beuklev. Todridge was one of the estates included in the settlement made in 
1726 upon the marriage of his grandson, Henry Widdrington with ^Margaret, 
daughter of Major Allgood.' In 1739 John Blackett of Wylam, grandson of 
Mary, daughter of Richard Errington, brought an action to recover a moiety 
of his great-grandfather's estates, but compromised his claim for the payment 
of ;,^i,050 by Mrs. Margaret Widdrington, who in 1743 sold Todridge to 
Robert Andrews of Hexham." It now belongs to Mr. Livingston Clarke, 
whose estate here and at West Bingfield contains 699 acres. 

As has been already noticed, Thomas Story was entered on the Muster 
Roll of 1538 as having appeared unfurnished with either horse or harness. 
One of the same name was a freeholder in Bingfield in 1608, and in 1663 
John Story was proprietor of about a sixteenth part of the township, which 
was sold about the end of the century, for in a deed of the 3rd July, 1702, 
made between Charles Howard and John Aynsley, the lands formerly 
belonging to John Story are mentioned. But though this family disappeared 
from Bingfield, it took root in Ireland, where Joseph Story, son of John 
Story of Bingfield, and born there in 1679, became successively chaplain to 
the Irish House of Commons, bishop of Killaloe and of Kilmore and 
Ardagh. He is at the present time represented by Major Story of Bingfield, 
Crossdoney, county Cavan. 

It is probable that Story's land is partly represented by the small estate 
of 46 acres, called in 1839 Law house, and now Bingfield lodge, which, after 
remaining for some generations with the Aynsleys and Tweddells, was pur- 
chased in 1853 by Mr. Thomas Scott of Bingfield, and now belongs to his son 
Mr. George Scott. 

Thomas Errington of Kearsley was a party to the deed of the 22nd 
June, 1648, bv which Ralph Widdrington of Colwell conveyed lands in 
Bingfield, and it mav be surmised that he was the second man of that name 
mentioned in the Book of Rates of 1663 as holding lands worth _^20 a year. 
At the sessions held at Morpeth on the 13th April, 16S1, Thomas Errington 
of I^ingfield,' yeoman, was indicted for assaulting William Errington, and 
Jane Errington was bound over to appear at the following sessions to answer 

' Mr. Livingston Clarke's Title Deeds. " Ibid. 

' 1685, 19th April. Edward, son of Thomas Errington of Bingfied, baptised. 
1689, loth March. Thomas Errington of Bingfield buried. St. John Lee Rei:;isler. 
169S, 26th March. Thomas Potts of Wcarmouth Salt pans, son and heir of Frances Potts, who 
was sister and co-heiress of Thomas Errington, late of Bingfield, for ^210 released to John Aynsley all 
his rights in certain lands in Bingfield. Mr. C. J. F. Fawcett's Title Deeds. 


a similar charge brouj^ht against her ; her sureties were Thomas Errington 
of Bingfield and Edward Reed of Ryal, yeoman. The cause which led to 
the indictment is related in the following information :' 

1681, 7th February. The information of Arthur Shafto of Bingfield East Quarter, gentleman. WilHam 
Errington of Wallicke Grange, gentleman, having broken his legg, and not being recovered thereof, he 
setting in a chaire at his house at Wallicke Grange aforesaid reading a bond from Thomas Errington 
of Bingfield, gent., to the informer, one Jane Errington, wife of the said Thomas Errington, sitting by the 
said William Errington, the said Jane Errington snatching at the said bond, and missing it, did in a violent 
manner lay hold on the said William and pulled him cute of his chaire, whereon he then satt, and 
violently threw him downe upon the ground with his legg (which was broken) under him, which this 
informer verily believes hath made the said William Errington's broken legg almost in as bad a condicon 
as when it was first broken ; and further, that the said William Errington is now lying in a very weake 
condicon by means of the saide fall.'- 


The township of Hallington is the most remote portion of the parish of 
St. John Lee, and is almost severed from it by the parishes of Chollerton and 
Stamfordham, which abut upon it at Bingfield, of which chapelry it forms a 
part. It has an area of 1,712 acres^ and a population at the last census of 76.' 
Here, to quote the words of Leland, 'there is a fame that Oswald won the 
batelle at Halydene a two myles est from St. Oswald's Asche, and that 
Haliden is it that Bede caulith Havenfeld.' 

Traces of early settlement are to be seen in a series of British graves on 
an outcrop of basalt half a mile to the north of the homestead of Cheviot. 
Within the mounds have been found a fragment of a whetstone of schist, ' a 
cup-marked' stone bearing traces of fire, a fine (but small) mortarium of 
freestone, and a portion of the upper stone of a quern. All of these objects 
are in the possession of Mr. R. C. Hedley at Cheviot. On the same farm, in 
a small clump of trees, is an unexplored barrow. Two Roman altars, 
bearing the usual sacrificial instruments sculptured in relief, but without 
inscription, a Roman monumental slab, and a mediaeval grave cover with 
a floriated cross, are preserved in the grounds of Hallington hall.'* 

1 Sessions Records. ■ Document in the possession of Mr. Joseph H. .Straker. 

^ According to the Ordnance Survey Book of Reference, printed in 1863, this includes 16 acres of public 
roads and a water area of 10 acres ; but these proportions have been materially affected by the operations 
of the Newcastle and (jateshead Water company. 

• The Census Returns arer 1801, 182 ; 181 1, 144; 182 1, 129; 183 1, 120; 1 841, 105 ; 1851, 106; 1 861, 109; 
1871, 12S; 1881, 99; 1891, 76. 'Ex. inf. Mr. R. C. Hedley. 



In the early part of the thirteenth century an exchange of lands took 
place between Archbishop Gray and William, son of William Waukin of 
Haliden, bv which the latter released to the archbishop all his right in the 
pasture of Hallington called le frid, and received in lieu thereof 13I acres 
in the waste before Sweethope Law/ and in 1248 there is a confirmation of 
the gift of William Waukelin, clerk, of his lands in the vill of Halidene to 
his ward (alumnus) William Waukelin.^ About the same period the prior 
and convent obtained a grant from Archbishop Gray or Archbishop Gifford 
of a rood of land in Haliden, upon which they subsequently erected a tithe 
barn.^ The Subsidy Roll of 1295 is unfortunately damaged and imperfect at 
the part where the return from Hallington should be entered.' 

There are some notices in the York registers relating to Hallington early 
in the fourteenth century. On the 26th Julv, 1301, Archbishop Corbridge 
addressed to the bailiffs of He.xham a Breve de recto to right William de 
Mynsterton and Margery, his wife, John de Babington and Alice, his wife, and 
Elen, sister of the said Alice, concerning lands at Haliden, of which Robert 
de NafFreton of Haliden had unjustly deprived them.'* On the 17th October, 
1 301, a similar brief was issued to right the same parties in a messuage, 
30 acres of arable land and 2 acres of meadow in Hallydene, of which Adam 
le Farbur of Newcastle and Maria, his wife, had unjustly deprived them." 
On the 2nd December, 1301, a mandate was issued to Sir John de Vauzht and 
Robert de Eryngton to hear a claim for dower made by Mariota, wife of 
Adam le Fourbour, out of the same lands in Haliden which once belonged 
to John, son of William Walkelyn.' In April, 1322, a commission was 
issued to the archbishop's justices, John de Wanton and Adam de Corbrig, 
to determine a suit in the court of Hexham, brought by Symon de Babvngton 
and Isabella, his wife, against Robert de Boceland and Ellen, his wife, con- 
cerning a messuage, 40 acres of land and appurtenants in Haliden." On 
the 2nd April, 1328, a mandate was issued to Thomas Fox, Warin de 
Swethop, and Thomas de Lelom to determine a suit brought by Robert de 
Mosegrave and John, son of William of Kirkeherle, and Cicely, his wife, 
concerning a messuage, 2 tofts, 69 acres of arable land, and 8 acres of 
meadow, with appurtenances, in Haliden." On the 18th Februarv, 133 1/2, a 

' Lamdownc MSS. ccccii. 17 b; British Museum. 'Archbishop Gray's Register, Raine, p. 258. 

' C/. vol. iii. p]). 139, 150. ' Ibid. ]). 31. = York Registers, Corbridge, 90 b. 

" Ibiil. Corbridge, 92. ' I bit!. Coi bridge, 92 b. ' Ibid. Melton, 411b. ' Ibid. 424 b. 


mandate addressed to William de Wirkesworth the receiver at Hexhain 

ordered that the tenants of Haliden should not be pressed for time for their 

rent (^13 los. ifd.).' In 1495 the archbishop granted a lease of forty years 

from the 13th December of that year to John Heron of Chipchase, esq., of 

his vill {villatiun) of Halyden at the rent of £'] 13s. 4d.- 

In 1536 the archbishop derived a rental of £'] 3s. i|d. from Haliden,'' 

and two years later the vill sent seventeen fully equipped men to the 

muster, of whom ttMi bore the surname of Younger. 

Halvdayn Muster Roll, 1538.' 
Willni. Yongor, Roger Vonyer, Jerrard Yonger, Anton Yonger, Wilhn. Yonger, Rolicit ^'ongc^, Thomas 
Kell, Robert Nicolson, John Yonger, John Yonger, Phelope Yonger, Thomas Page, Willam Raynnyl, jiilin 
Yonger, Christofer Stawpcr, Robert Wite, John Riddle, able with hors and harnes. 

In 1547 a very full account of Hallington, in which the person who drew 
up the survey (after recording that John Widdrington,* the farmer of the same, 
accounted for 3s. i^d., received from Gerard Ilderton for rent of the ' Exche- 
quer lands') proceeds to say that on 13th December, 1538, Edward, arch- 
bishop of York, leased to Richard Bellacis, esq., and his assigns, the manor of 
Hallidene for sixty years, from the feast of St. Michael last past, at a rent of 
£■] 13s. 4d. to be paid at the two terms of Whitsuntide and Martinmas. The 
rents of the manor or township were reserved to the archbishop and his 
successors, as also were all woods and underwoods, but Bellacis was to be 
permitted to take sufficient timber for the repair of the manor house and 
sherdings of trees for mending the hedges. Bellacis agreed to collect the 
reserved rents of the manor, and to render a proper account of them ; for 
this the archbishop was to allow him the fee of 13s. 4d. a year ; all necessary 
repairs were to be done at the cost of the farmer. For the farm of the 
water mill,'' formerly in the tenure of John Heron, esq., Widdrington did 
not account, as this was included in Bellacis' lease of the manor. The total 
sum due was //i; i6s, 5d., and was disposed of in the following manner: 
13s. 4d. was deducted for the fee as above, and 2s. allowed for the clerk of 

' York Registers, Melton, 431 a. - Ihid. Confirm, et approb. D. et Cap. Ebor. ' \'ol. iii. p. 55. 

' Arch. Ad. 4to series, vol. iv. p. igo. 

' Will, dated 4th February, 1570, of John Widdrington of Teinple Helay: 'I doo give and bequethe 
unto James Widdrington, my sone ... all my hoill intereste, tytlc, and termc of yearcs yet to come, in 
my leasse of the manerr and tounshipe of Halliden, which I have delivered into my said sone James' 
hands.' Durham Wills, Raine, p. 321 ; Surtees .Soc. No. 2. 

' 1552. The water of Tyne, beginning at the water tneetings at Ereynfoot, and up Ereyn to Haledon- 
niylne : the watch at the Narrow-rake [is] to be kept nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Sando, 
Hawyke-grange [Anick Grange], liothoke, Kothons, Thomes, and the Bromhaugh. Nicolson, Border 
Laws, p. 170. 


the auditor for writing the account (which was an allowance similar to that 
made to the auditor of the king's duchy of Lancaster), w^hich two sums, added 
to £1 IS. i|d. paid by Widdrington to Sir Robert Bowes, the king's receiver, 
made up the amount.' 

The lease granted to Bellacis expired in December, 1598, when a lease 
of the 'towmshippe of Hallendon with the appurtenances' for twenty-one 
years was granted to William Selby, gentleman, at the same rent of 
£■] 13s. 4d., though the annual value is entered in the survey of 1608 as 
being £2\ more." 

It has not been ascertained when the lands were granted out by the 
Crown, but in 1663 Hallington and Hallington mill were held by Mr. 
Thomas Way, who was rated for them at ^130. They were sold in 1677 by 
Richard and Thomas Way to Philip Bickerstaff,' the clerk of the Poultry. 
The amount of consideration money does not appear, but BickerstafF left 
_^"i,093 I OS. on mortgage, which was, tw^o years later, transferred to George 
Hascard, D.D., in trust for Mary, countess dowager of Exeter ; and in 1695 
the fee simple of the estate was conveyed by BickerstafF to Peter Potts, who 
had previously acquired the mortgage. Four years later Potts sold the 
estate to Thomas Errington, and by his marriage settlement, dated 21st and 
22nd November, 1700, the manor and lordship of Hallington, with the water 
corn mill, were conveyed to trustees to secure the marriage portion of his 
intended wife, Marv, daughter of John Douglas of Newcastle. But Philip 
BickerstafF, perhaps to raise a portion of the purchase money, had by deed 
staple (acknowledged before the chief justice of Common Pleas on the 
14th December, 1687) secured a deferred annuity (to commence on her 
widowhood) oi £\oo a year to Dame Martha, wife of Sir Edward Villiers.^ 

When Thomas Errington's estates were forfeited in 171 5 his creditors, 
as well as Dame Martha Villiers and the trustees for his wife and children, 
entered their claim as has been already related in the account of the Errington 
family. His estates were surveved for the trustees of the Forfeited Estates, 
and the manor, lordship, mill, and lands of Hallington were stated to yield a 

' \'ol. iii. pp. 69, 70. " Ihid. p. 102. 

'' Philip Bickerstaft was elected M.P. for Berwick in 1686, and for Nortliumberland in 1688 and 1694. 
He married, 24th October, 1675, Jane, widow of John Clark of Chirton (he was the auditor of the Percy 
estates, and obtained for himself the gift of the materials of Warkwortli castle wherewith to build his 
house at Chirton). Mrs. Bickerstaft" was buried at Tynemouth, 31st May, 1694. H. A. Adamson, Old 
Land Marks, Xo. iii. 

' Sir Edward X'illiers was knighted at Whitehall, 7th .\pril, 1680, and died 24th June, 1689. 

Vol. IV. 31 


rental of ;^235 a year. William Wilkinson paid /127 ids. a year for Hal- 
lington town and 800 acres of land ; James Yarrow and others paid _/"88 a 
year for Hallington Newhouses and its lands ; George Wilson paid /"20 a 
year for the mill and the lands attached to it. Of the latter, the surveyor 
says, 'Hallington mill, in the month of June, 17 16, did fall to the ground, 
the a.\ell tree, coggwheel, and other materials rushed down altogether, and 
the under milstone broke in four pieces, on which the tenant, George 
Wilkinson, in repairing the same, hath disbursed these sums following : Paid 
Robt. Robson for wood, /.8 gs. 6d.; for two milstones, ^10; iron and hoops, 
for the a.\ell tree, /.i 2s. 6d.; nales, 12s.; tarr and paper, 4s. gd.; rossell, 
2s. 5d. ; Anthony and William Wilkinson, milwrights, for their work 
and labour, £•] 3s. lod.; total, ^27 15s.' (The rent of mill and land was 
;^20.)' The tenants held their lands by parole from year to year, and the 
fee farm rent of £1 13s. 4d. was (as it still is) paid to Colston's almshouses 
in Bristol. Arrangements were made to secure Hallington to the Errington 
family, and it descended lineally to John Errington, who died in 1828, and 
by his heirs at law, was sold to the trustees of the settled estates of Henry 
Errington.^ The heirs and assignees of the estates are now (1897) offering 
the Hallington farms for sale.' 

Hallington mains or demesne was, in 1663, rated to Mr. Richard Wilson"* 
at _^30 a year. In 1730 it was acquired by the family of Soulsby, long 
settled at ChoUerton, Anick Grange, and in or near Hexham. Wallis 
writing in 1769 says Ralph Soulsby's house 'is a neat modern structure of 
white freestone .... before it is a grass area extending to the brink 
of a deep gill, wherein is a small stream which falls a little below into 
Erring burn.'" 

The history of the family is shown in the following pedigree : 

' Forfeited Estates Papers, E 13. Some of the field names in 1717 were Whitefield, Hill Law, and 
Weatherly Meed. - Cf. supra, p. 193. 

' The acreage and rentals of the Hallington farms, belonging to the Errington estates, are as follows : 
Newhouses, 453 acres, ;f 402 ; High farm, 337 acres, ;f23i ; South farm, 243 acres, ;f26i ; Mill farm, 62 
acres, ^62 ; North farm, 205 acres, ^198. Attached to the estate is a perpetual rent charge of/, 100, 
payable by the Newcastle and Gateshead Water company. Newcastle Journal, June, 1S96. 

* 1694, 8th November. Administration of the personal estate of Richard Wilson of Hallington was 
granted to Richard Wilson, the father. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

' Wallis, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 1 14. 




Ralph Soulsby of Chollerton ; buried 12th Dec, 
administration to widow, gth May, 1726 (^). 

^l-i(J>) ; = Ann ... ; buried 21st June, 1727 (6); administration 
to Christopher, her son, 7th March, 1727/S (^). 

Christopher Soulsby of Chollerton ; will 
dated loth Sept., 1733 ; gives Carraw to 
eldest S)n Ralph with great silver punch- 
bowl and great silver tankard ; to second 
son Christopher his farm at Gunnerton 
and ;^8oo ; to son John house at He.\ham 
and ;^8oo ; proved at York, 1734/5 (.?)■ 

Martha, daughter of Archibald Reed of 
Bellingham and sister of John Reed 
of Chipchase ; married 23rd Nov., 
1721 (*) ; marriage settlement, i6th . 
Nov., 1721 ; died at Stamfordham, 
25th Nov., 1779, aged 87 (rf) ; buried 
at Chipchase, 28th Nov., 1779 {li)(c). 

Dorothy ; married 1 6th Sept., 
1707 (Ji) [■' John] Kelly of 
Whorlton, upon whose issue 
the estates were settled in 
1721, in default of issue to 
the marriage of Christopher 

Ralph Soulsby of Hal- 
lington, baptised 17th 
Nov., 1723 {/>) ; ad- 
ministration granted 
at York, 28th Jan., 
1771, to Mary, his 
widow, and on 3rd 
Oct., 1774, to Alice, 
his daughter, wife of 
Thomas Heath {g) ; 
buried 28th July, 
1760 {>■). 

Mary, daughter of John Fenwick 
of Stanton and half-sister of 
William Fenwick of Bywell ; 
born at Stanton ; baptised 
20th Sept., 1 73 1 ; marriage 
settlement, i8th and 19th 
Sept., 1751, under which she 
took a jointure of ;f200 per 
annum, charged on Carraw 
and Reed's Close ; died at Mor- 
peth ; buried 19th Sept., 1771 
(f) ; administration granted at 
York, 29th Aug, 1772, to 
William Fenwick (g).* 

Christopher Soulsby of Sand- 
hill, Newcastle, baptised 
i6th Feb., 1726 (/i) ; heir 
to his uncle John Reed of 
Chipchase, and assumed 
the name of Reed ; mar- 
ried Sarah, eldest daugh- 
ter of Francis Blake of 
Twizel ; will dated 28th 
Dec, 1779 (.?). 
From whom the Reeds 
of Chipchase. 

John Soulsby of New- 
castle, mercer, bap- 
tised 15th Sept., 

17-9 ('') ; died 
3rd Nov., buried 
at Chipchase 7th 
Nov., 1793 (/.), 
aged 64 (/S) (c) ; 
will dated 28th Dec, 
1779 i proved at 
York, 1793 ig)- 

I I 
Ann, baptised 27th June, 1725 (b'); married at Gateshead, 

28th .May, 1753, Richard Bateman. 
Martha, baptised 26th Sept., 1731 (I)) ; named in father's will. 

Christopher Soulsby of Halling- 
ton, only son, was aged 17 in 
1772 ; attained the age of 2: 
in 1775 ; sheriff of Newcastle, 
17S3 ; died 22nd Jan., 1814 ; 
buried 29th Jan., 1814, aged 
59 W- 

Julia Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Hudson of Bessingby, Yorkshire, 
and niece to Sir John Trevelyan, 
bart. ; marriage settlement, 17th 
and iSth Jan., 17S3 ; married at 
Netherwitton, 20th Jan., 17S3 ; 
died at Bessingby, near Bridling- 
ton, 13th May, 1829 ((/). 

J I 

Alice ; was aged 19 in 1772 ; married 22nd 
Sept., 1772, Thomas Heath, one of the 
common council of Newcastle, and of the 
Hawkwell family. vj, 

Mary, born at Stanton ... ; was aged 14 in 
1772 ; married Christopher Wilkinson of 
Newcastle, and died in Northumberland 
Street, Newcastle, May, 1829 (rf). ^^ 

Christopher Thomas Soulsby of Hallington, baptised 14th July, 1794 ; 
in 1814 advertised for sale Hallington demesne and (Carraw ; living 
loth April, 1834, late of Hallington and then of Bessingby (/). 

Walter Raleigh Soulsby, twin with Chris- 
topher ; baptised 14th July, 1794 (e) ; 
in 1813 lieut. 2nd Dragoon Guards. 

1692, 22nd Sept. Probate of will of Christopher Soulsby of Hexham, granted to Robert Soulsby, the sole 
executor (,f). 1697/8, 9th Feb. Dorothy, widow of Christopher Soulsby, buried at St. John Lee (a). 

' Basil Harrington Soulsby, only son of Christopher Percy Soulsby of Bessingby, New Zealand ; of Corpus 
Christi college, Oxon. ; matriculated 19th Oct., 1S83, aged iS ; B..\. 18S7.' Forster, Alumni Oxonienses. 

(a) Hfxkam Register, 
{fi) Chollerton Register. 
(c) M.I. Chipchase chapel. 

* Cf. page 192. 
(</) Local papers. 
{i) St. John Lee Register. 

(/) Chesterhope Aistract. 
(^) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

Soulsby's estate was advertised to be sold bv auction in 1825, and was 
then described as the hall and a farm of 330 acres. It was purchased by 
Leonard Wilson of Newcastle and Newbiggin, and was sold in 1862 by his 


nephew, Mr. John Atkinson, to the late Mrs. Catherine Anne Trevelyan.^ 
It now belongs to her onlv child, Mrs. Florence Trevelyan Cacciola of 
Hallington, Taorniina, in Sicily, whose Hallington estate^ consists of the hall 
and the farm called Cheviot.' 

The most characteristic feature of Hallington is that which strikes the 
eye of the wayfarer on the Watling Street when he reaches Beukley, and, 
looking northward over the wide valley of the Erring burn, sees at a distance 
of three or four miles a thin blue line. This line marks the Hallington 
reservoirs of the Newcastle and Gateshead Water Company (constructed 
under an Act of Parliament obtained in 1868); that at East Hallington has 
a surface area of 131 acres, and when full will contain 686 millions of gallons. 
By another Act obtained in 1877 another reservoir was constructed at West 
Hallington (but within the township of Colwell) to contain 722 millions of 
gallons. These two reservoirs are connected by a tunnel and open aqueduct, 
about two and a half miles in length, with other reservoirs of the company at 
Coltcrag and Little Swinburn.'' 

' In the Parliamentary Return of Owners of Land of 1873 (the new Doomsday book) Mrs. S. Trevelyan 
of Hallington is entered as owner of 745 acres of land, with a rental of ^971, and Catherine A. Trevelyan 
of Hallington of 227 acres, with a rental of ^317. The two entries refer to the same person, viz., Mrs. 
Spencer Trevelyan. 

- About half of the area occupied by the Water company's reservoir at East Hallington was purchased 
from Mrs. Trevelyan. 

' The conveyance to Leonard Wilson is dated ist and 2nd Noveniljer, 1825, and the consideration was 
;f 1 1,200. Mr. VVilson's will is dated TJth July, 1837, and was proved at York, 27th December, 1839, by 
liis nephew, Mr. John .-Xlkinson. The latter sold a portion of land in 1859 to the Whittle Dean Water 
company for water courses, and, 2nd August, 1862, cODveyed the estate to Mrs. Catherine Ann Trevelyan 
of Longwitton hall, widow, in consideration of ^'10,400. Hallington Title Deeds, communicated by Mr. 
Jos. .-Y. Philipson. 

' A great variety of birds frequent the reservoirs : redshanks, the common sandpiper, the snipe, and 
the coot breed regularly ; the common tern and the Sandwich tern sometimes. Several hundreds of 
black-headed gulls breed upon the island in the East Hallington reservoir : and ducks come in great 
number, such as the mallard, the teal, the golden eye, the widgeon, the sheldrake, the pochard, the 
gadwall, and also the connnon gull and the black-backed gull. Goosanders, grey-lag and been-geese, 
and Bewick's swans, come as visitors. Herons are common ; and there are to be, or have been, seen, the 
cormorant, pintail duck, great northern diver, the common and bartailed godwit, the little and the eared 
grebe, whimbrels and dunlins, the ringed plover, and the little stint. R. C. Hedley, Trans. Tyneside Nat. 
Club, vol. xvi. p. 398. 



The parish of Chollerton has an area of over 21,000 acres, with a 
greatest length of nine miles from Hindhaugh on the Rede to the hamlet of 
Chollerton, and a greatest breadth of six and a half miles from Little Swin- 
burn to Gold Island. Its western and north-western boundaries are well 
defined bv the rivers of North Tyne and Rede ; on the east it is bounded by 
the parishes of Corsenside, Thockrington, and St. John Lee, and on the south 
by the Erring burn, which divided the ancient regality of Hexham from the 
rest of the county of Northumberland, and the peculiar jurisdiction of the 
archbishop of York from the diocese of Durham. 

Watling Street, for a length of seven miles, either divides or marches 
with the parish. Of the townships included in it Gunnerton and East 
Swinburn formed an enclave of the great Baliol barony. West Swinburn 
and Colwell belonged to the barony of Hadston, while Barrasford, Chip- 
chase, Birtley, and Chollerton itself were members of the Umframvill barony 
of Prudhoe called into being by Henry I. These are now grouped into the 
ten modern townships of Chollerton, Barrasford, Great Swinburn and 
Colwell, Little Swinburn, Whiteside Law, Gunnerton, Chipchase, Birtley, 
Buteland, and Broomhope. The inter-dependence of the inhabitants is 
shown in the orders of the Watches upon the West Marches made in 1552. 

The Order of the Watch from Erreyn-foot to the .Marches of Kyddysdaill, as the Waters of Tyne 
and Reyd goes. 

First : The inhabitants of Chollerton to watch at the Baweford, with two men in the watch ; and 
George Heron of Chollerton and .-X.nthony Wodman to be setters and searchers of the watch. 

The inhabitants of Barresforth, with si.\ men forth of Chollerton, to watch at three places; that is 
to say, at Barresfordrakes, the Strandes, Chepchesmylne, with two men at every place; and 
Edward Heron of Barresforth. Davy Taylour, John Denand, and William Robson to be setters and 
searchers of the watch. 

The inhabitants of Gonerton, with three men forth of Barresforth, to watch at three places ; that 
is to say, the water against Gofton-burne-foote and Warkesbriggende, the Goleforderackes, and the 
Lyndnyrford, with two men at every place; Anthony Nicholson, baylif of Gonerton, George Nycholson, 
Pate Nycholson, and James Dod to be setters and searchers of the watch. 

The inhabitants of the lordship of Chepches, and two men forth of Gomerton and Bertley, to watch 
at three places; that is to say, at the Mylneford, Prest-Hobburne-mouth, and the Long Rackes at 
Brokeshaugh in Cowntes-park, with two men at every place; and George Heron of Chepches, or his 
deputy William Ledell, baylif of Chepches, Edward Marshall and John Marshall to be setters and 
searchers of the watch. 


The inhabitants of the lordship of Beitley, with P.utland and Redsmouthe, to watch at three 
places; tliat is to say, at Keddesford and the Rakes beneath the Brokchaughe to the Hatcleugh and 
the Neuke-mylne, with two men at every place; and Roger Heron of Bcrtley, John Robson baylif of 
Bertley, Gerard Mylburne and William Robson of Edsmothe to be setters and searchers of this 

Overseers of this watch : George Heron, keeper of Tyndall, and Rantt W'etheringtone.' 

Unlike the parishes described in the earlier part of the volume, in which 
the land was largely, and is still, held bv copy of Court Roll, Chollerton 
parish is wholly freehold. 



From the regality of He.xham attention may now be directed to the 
parishes immediately to the north, viz., Chollerton, Thockrington, and (the 
chapelry of) Kirkheaton, whose phvsical features are verv similar to those of 
North Hexhamshire. The surface, on the whole, is undulating, becoming 
wilder and more elevated as we approach the northern boundary, which just 
touches the 1,000 foot contour near Fourlaws. All the country, however, 
north of a line joining Birtley and Thockrington stands at an elevation of 
over 700 feet. 

The whole of the surface drainage from the parishes of Chollerton and 
Thockrington finds its way into the North Tyne between Redesmouth and 
Chollerford, with the exception of a square mile of country situated in 
the extreme north-east corner, drained by the Wansbeck, which rises in 
Sweethope lough, and runs for a mile along the northern boundary of 
Thockrington. The northern and eastern boundaries of the district run 
practically along the watershed. The North Tyne, which marks the western 
boundary, has excavated its valley directly across the outcrop of the beds, 
forming a true 'dip valley.' In consequence of their relatively high dip the 
outcrop of the beds, as they enter this valley, curves down stream in a 
conspicuous manner, the fall of the river between Redesmouth and Choller- 
ford, a distance of nearly ten miles, being barely 100 feet. Many of the 
tributary streams draining the district under notice, on the other hand, 
occupv pronounced ' strike ' valleys, and run between the escarpments formed 
by the outcrop of the harder beds : we are, in fact, on the edge of the 
parishes of Wark and Simonburn, where the formation of strike valleys and 
escarpments can be studied almost better than anywhere else in the county." 

' Nicolson, Bonier Lan's, pp. 175, 176. '•' App. i. 3 and 8. 


One of the most conspicuous of these streams is the Erring burn, forming the 
southern and south-eastern boundary. This stream occupies a depression in 
the softer beds underlying the Five-yard Limestone, and can be seen bending 
round to the north as it is traced to its source near Hallington, conforming 
exactly to the alteration in the strike of the beds. The Swinburn, Gunnerton, 
and Holywell burns also flow in well marked 'strike ' valleys. 

Turning to the rocks on which the parishes of Chollerton and Thock- 
rington are situated, we find that they are the direct continuation, geologically 
speaking, of the lower Carboniferous strata of He.xhamshire, which lie 
immediately to the south. 

In traversing these parishes in a north-westerly direction we meet with 
lower and lower members of the ' Bernician' series cropping out successively 
at the surface. This term is used for the beds of the district as a compromise 
between Tate's twofold division, adopted in describing the beds in the 
Bamburgh and Dunstanburgh area, and the southern appellation of Moun- 
tain Limestone, since neither of these nomenclatures is strictly applicable ; 
and it is believed that it was during his survey of this ground that Prof. 
Lebour was first driven to adopt this term for the grouping of the lower 
Carboniferous beds in Northumberland.^ 

The greater portion of the beds would appear to belong to Tate's 
' Calcareous ' group, the base of which he places at the Dun Limestone, 
which he defines as the ' the lowest limestone of any value ' in the series. 
The limestones, however, in the district under consideration are most 
inconstant, thickening and thinning as they are traced northwards, whilst 
manv additional ones here make their appearance. Tate's definition, there- 
fore, is obviously artificial, and of no practical value in this portion of the 

Shortly before reaching Chollerton from the south, we pass over the 
outcrop of the Five-yard Limestone, and after this any attempt to correlate 
the limestones with equivalent beds elsewhere becomes verv hazardous. It 
is probable, however, that the limestone on which Colwell is built, and 
which is found in contact with the Whin near Swinburn castle, is the 
continuation of the Scar Limestone of the district to the west. 

The lowest beds encountered are those associated with the Redesdale 
ironstone shale and its overlying limestone, which is correlated with Tate's 

' Vol. i. app. i. 25. 


'Dun' Limestone by Hugh Miller, and adopted as the base of his Calcare- 
ous division.' Between this and the Five-yard Limestone upwards of a 
dozen outcrops of limestone can be traced in these parishes. The most 
important of these are the Redesdale limestone and that immediately over- 
Iving it. The outcrops of both these beds run from near Chipchase castle 
northwards, bending afterwards north-east to Hartside and Greenrigg on the 
northern boundarv of Thockrington parish. The Redesdale limestone forms 
a very fossiliferous bed, separated from the ironstone shale beneath it by a 
few feet of sandstone. Though classed with the Calcareous and Carbonaceous 
divisions respectively, there is, according to Prof. Lebour, no palajontological 
break between the two." 

The limestone running through Colwell is also continuous throughout 
the district, whilst between these, several thinner, but well marked, beds occur. 
The highest of these (the first limestone beneath the Whin) is associated 
with an underlying ironstone shale, which runs parallel to the outcrop of the 
Whin from Sweethope to Watling Street, north of Swinburn mill. This 
limestone must be situated somewhere near the horizon of the Tyne Bottom 
Limestone. The bed, near Swinburn castle, contains the interesting fossil 
Saccammina, once considered by Prof. Lebour to be characteristic of the 
Four-fathom Limestone in Northumberland, but since found to be universally 
distributed.'^ The associated ironstone, however, unlike that of Redesdale, 
is not of great commercial importance. The latter was worked until a few 
vears ago by the firm of Sir William Armstrong & Co.'* These mines were 
situated in the parish of Corsenside to the north. Old outcrop workings can, 
however, be observed between Pithills and Holywell burn. 

Another bed of economic importance, consisting of a coarse, massive 
grit, underlies the third limestone in order below the Whin ; it is largely 
quarried for building stone at Pity-me, near Gunnerton, and at places farther 
north along its line of strike. 

The most important coal bed in the district is undoubtedly the Gunner- 
ton and Fourlaws seam. The outcrop of this bed runs from the west corner 
of Sweethope lough in a south-westerly direction towards Chipchase castle. 
It is cut off at both ends by faults. This seam, in places, attains a thickness 
of 2 feet 6 inches, and is still mined at Gunnerton. The present pit, situated 
on the second (L) of Chollerton on the 6 inch map of Northumberland, 

' Vol. i. app. i. 35. ' .App. i. 3- ' ^^^d. < Ihtd. 



intersects the seam at a depth of 20 fathoms, and the coal which crops out 
near Gunnerton represents a bed which occurs considerably higher in the 
series. The old colliery at Cowden (now disused) reached the coal at a 
depth of 16 fathoms. The present Gunnerton colliery is situated on Mallow 
burn,' the position of the old shaft being a quarter of a mile farther to the 

In the extra-parochial districts of Kirkheaton, the coal now worked is 
the well-known seam which occurs immediately below the Little Limestone, - 
the same bed which crops out on the Roman road to the west of the Fallow- 
field vein. It is here about 20 inches thick. The present colliery, situated 
on Tongues hill, reaches the seam bv means of a 12 fathom shaft, and at 
Boghill pit the shaft is sunk through the beds overlying the Little Limestone. 
Old open workings can also be traced near Fairshaw and Boghall. 


Section at Great Bavington. 
(After Prof. Lebour.) 

B I, Western Whin Sill. B 2, Eastern Whin Sill. L L, Limestone of the Northumberland Carboniferous 

Limestone Series (Bernician). 

The onlv igneous rock represented in the two parishes under notice is 
the Whin Sill, which crops out in the North Tyne at Coldwell, and runs 
almost uninterruptedly to Sweethope in the north-east corner of Thockrington 
parish, where it thins out. In the east, however, a second intrusion occurs, 
running north and south from Great Bavington.^ This easterly outcrop 
scarcely enters the parish. A small spread, however, occurs at Homilton, 
near Bavington, just at the point where the parish boundary touches the 
road. A mile farther south this intrusion completely dies out at the surface.^ 

On the whole, the outcrop of the Whin conforms remarkably to the 
strike of the Carboniferous rocks. In places, however, it can be observed 
running up into the beds, notably on Gunnerton crags, where a good section 
is seen near the lime-kiln, e.xhibiting the intrusive character of the Whin, 

' The pit shaft is about three quarters of a mile east of the 

^ Vol. iii. app. i. 14. ' Vol. i. app. i. 20. ' Vol. i. app. i. 5, p. 207, and 19, p. 207 

Vol. IV. 



and affording also a good example of pyrometamorphism. Here the lime- 
stone has been recrystallized into a saccharoidal condition and the shale into 

From Little Swinbnrn northwards the Whin appears to lie between the 
shales and sandstones underlying the Scar Limestone. Another inlier is seen 
crossing the North Tyne below Haughton castle, and a small patch is also 
e.xposed in the road about half a mile north of ChoUerton village. In Kirk- 
heaton we find a Basalt dvke running nearly east and west through the north 
of this area, occupying a line of fault ; and a small intrusion also occurs 
along the same dislocation further to the north-east at Sandybreas, where 
we find traces of old trials for lead. 


ir — ir~~ " "* ' ' -^r- , C.A.I.. 

Section at Gunnerton Crag. B, Whin Sill. L, Limestone. 

Evidences of glacial action in the district are not wanting, though well- 
preserved scratches on solid rock are rare. Near Hallington High farm 
stri« can be observed pointing a little north of east ; others occur on the 
surface of the Whin above Peasland plantation, Great Swinburn, and also 
below Swinburn mill. In both of these localities the ice appears to have 
travelled from the west-north-west. Much of the country, especially the 
valleys, is covered with drift ; thus, in sinking to the coal in Kirkheaton, 
the shaft passed through 27 feet of stony clay overlain by sands and gravel. 
At Gunnerton fell this covering reaches a total thickness of 42 feet.' 

The faults traversing the district are neither numerous nor important. 
In the extreme north-west corner of Thockrington, however, we have 
two converging faults, which meet just outside the northern boundary on 
Watling Street. They appear to be connected with the numerous disloca- 
tions in the Redesdale district farther to the north. They run roughly east 
and west, and being nearly coincident with the strike of the beds, they repeat 
a considerable thickness of the strata, bringing in again on their north 
side the Fourlaws coal and Redesdale limestone with its underlving 
ironstone shale. 

' See app. ii. 



A continuation of these united faults appears to run eastward through 
the depressed alluvial-covered area to the north of Greenrigg, through 
Sweethope lough, and away out of the parish to the north-east, along 
Farneyrigg burn. It is this fault which cuts off the outcrop of the Gunnerton 
and Fourlaws coal-seam, and shifts it a mile and a half to the west. Since 
the dip of the beds here only averages some 5 degs., the throw of this fault 
must exceed 600 feet. A few minor faults also occur in the neighbourhood 
of the Whin Sill outcrop. The most important of these, economically 
speaking, is that which cuts off the outcrop of the ironstone shale on 
its southern side, where that bed touches the bend of Watling Street, 

close to the point 

Alluvial deposits occur in the 
valley of the North Tyne, especially 
to the north of its junction with the 
Hau.xty burn, where two complete 
horse-shoe shaped deposits of this 
material indicate the former meand- 
ering propensities of the river. As 
pointed out by Hugh Miller, the 
river flows partly on rock partly on 
glacial deposits. In the annexed 
diagram of the bend near Chipchase 
the river flows upon softer glacial 
deposits (on the left) with some 
covering of alluvium, and the upper 
part of the loop (with the slight 
bend above it) may be regarded as 
relatively shifting. The shifting curve is endeavouring to worm itself past 
the persistent one, along the line of a buried pre-glacial channel occupied 
by till. The limb of the stream above the gorge has probably worked 
within its tropozoidal strip of alluvium somewhat like the limb of a piston. 
At present this movement is taking the form of a slow progress to the 
right on the post of a gentle curve above the double loop, which, exhausting 
itself at the gorge, may temporarily straighten the upper half of it, until 
such time as the limb of the piston may come down again along the bank 
upon the left.' 

Part of the North Tyne, ^ 
NEAR Chipchase, illus- 
trating THE relation 
OF THE River to its 
pre-Glacial Course. 

I, 2, Terraces; A, Gravel banks ; 
B, Recent addition to I. 

(.\fter Hugh iliUer.) 

' .\pp. i. 9. 



LuirofSeciioiv 11 

Another river valley in the district, now partially filled up with drift, is 
the Dry burn. During the formation of a new reservoir for the Newcastle 
water supply at Colt crag, the pre-glacial ravine of this stream was exca- 
vated to a depth of 26 feet below the level of the modern stream. The 
stiff till that had occupied it was full of boulders, many of them having the 
characteristic smooth lobe-shape. These boulders were lying as if hustled-in 
in the passing, and their axes and stria; were disposed at random. This old 
ravine lay at right angles to the line of ice movement.^ 

Patches of peat are scattered over 
the northern portion of the parish, as at 
Bogshield, Folly Moss, Hartside, and 
round Sweethope lough. It is interest- 
ing to note that this latter depression, 
which is still occupied by a tarn, like 
those of Greenlee and Broomlee farther 
west, is situated on a line of fault. 

In writing of these Northumberland 
lakes, Hugh Miller placed them in the 
category of typical glacially eroded 
tarns." As they occupy strike valleys, 
and are contained on at least one side 
bv alluvium, and moreover lie in the 
track of streams, it may be equally 
probable that they are dammed by drift. 
Mr. Marr^ has recently shown that the 
English lakes are in no case true rock 
basins, and until proof is forthcoming 

Part of the North Tvne, near Wark, illus- 

River Terraces. 

A, Curve, shifting down stream ; B, Haugh form- 
ing behind it ; C, Sand-bank (1865) now (1883) 
being added to B ; D, Tributary streamlet now 
broken in upon at that point ; i, 2, Terraces below 
A ; i', Lower Terrace replacing them, and 2', pro- 
bable selvage of 2. The other figures denote typical 
points of elevation above river in feet. I I F, Sketch ,.q ^}^g COUtrarV, it SeCmS morC in kcCp 
sections ; Gra., Gravel ; B.Cl., Boulder Clay. ■' ' ^ 

Horizontal scale — 3 inches = i mile. 
(After Hugh Miller.) 

ing with the facts to assume a similar 
scepticism with regard to the glacial 
origin of the Northumbrian lakes by direct excavation. In the case of 
Sweethope, there is, however, no conclusive evidence that this lough occupies 
a true rock basin ; on the contrary, it lies on the main line of drainage of the 
river Wansbeck, which issues from it to the east, and enters it on the west 
under the name of the Curtis burn. 

App. i. 1 1. 

■ App. i. 6. 

^ Proc. Geol. Assoc. May, 1896. 



ChoUerton township is a compact oblong tract of comparatively level 
land occupying the south-west corner or nook of the parish. It has a 
southern exposure towards the Erring burn, and comprises an area of 1,557 
acres;' its population in 1871, when the last separate census was taken, 
was 138.' 

A barrow, situated about a mile east of Chollerton, was opened in 1866. 
It was 36 feet in diameter and 3 feet high, and was made up of earth and 
stones. It contained on the south side, not far from the edge of the mound, 
a deposit of the burnt bones of an adult, placed under a flat stone upon the 
surface level. Not far from this deposit was a cinerary urn, containing the 
burnt bones of a young person. The urn, which was placed upright on 
the surface level, was much decayed. The overhanging rim was ornamented 
with alternate series of twisted thong impressions of vertical and horizontal 
lines. At the centre was a cist placed on the original surface, formed of 
seven side stones and two covers. In shape it was irregularly oblong, 
3 feet 10 inches long, 2 feet 4 inches wide, and 2^ feet deep. Nothing was 
left of the bones of the body originally deposited in it, that, apparently, of a 
full grown person, except portions of the larger and more solid bones. The 
mound contained nothing in the shape of implements, etc., except a flint 
flake, which showed signs of having been used.^ 

The townships of Chollerton, Barrasford, Chipchase, and Birtley are all 
manors within, or members of, the barony of Prudhoe, and as such were 
held by the family of Umframvill from the reign of Henry I. Odinel de 
Umframvill (died 1182), grandson of Robert With-the-Beard, the first lord 
of Redesdale after the Conquest, granted the church of Chollerton, with its 
chapels of Birteley, Chipchesse, Gonewarton, Est Swyneborne, Little Heton, 
and Colewelle, to the prior and convent of Hexham, together with eight 
oxgangs of land in the vill of Chollerton, which formed part of the endow- 

' Including public roads, 20 acres; North British railway, 8 acres; and water, nearl)' i:; acres. 

''The Census Returns are: iSoi and 181 1, no return; 1821, 149; 1831, 187; 1S41, 155; 1S51, 157; 
1861, 161 ; 1871, 138. In 1881 the Census Returns for the parish of Chollerton (exclusive of the chapelry 
of Birtley) was 1,210 and in iSgi, 1,097. 

' Greenwell, British Barrozc's, p. 436. 


ment of the church, and 5 acres to the north of it called the Michelcroft. 
His grandson, Gilbert de Umframvill (died 1245), granted the hamlet of 
Beamont to the same house.' 

The manor of Chollerton appears to have been in 1240 in the immediate 
possession of Gilbert de Umframvill as lord of the barony of Prudhoe.^ 
Shortly afterwards it became the property of his younger brother, Robert, 
whose sons, Gilbert and Richard, held it successively. Richard de Umfram- 
vill resigned it to his cousin, Gilbert, earl of Angus, in a full court of the 
barony held at Inghoe,^ receiving in exchange lands and rents of the value 
of ;^io in Whelpington.* Earl Gilbert granted Chollerton to William de 
Swinburne in the presence of John de Lazysingby, prior of Hexham (died 
1269), and others.'* The common rights of the men of Chollerton in 
Chesterhope and Buteland were included, as were also those they had 
enjoyed in the wood of Birtley, whenever Birtley (then with the exception of 
the capital messuage and park, held in dower by the widow of Robert de 
Umframvill) should revert to Gilbert or his heirs. An annual payment of 
6d. was to cover all feudal services; I2d. was to be paid for forfeitures, and 
the same sum for reliefs." 

William de Swinburne, the new lord of Chollerton, was the youngest of 
the three surviving sons of John de West Swinburne." He appears for the 
first time in 1251 as having lent three marks of silver to Reginald Prath, 
a necessitous knight of Tvndale.** Five years later Prath bound himself to 
put William de Swinburne in possession of his estates at Haughton and in 
the Huntland, and of six marcates in Knaresdale." Swinburne accordingly 
received a third of the manor of Haughton, all Prath's lands in the Huntland, 
and the whole manor of Williamston." These were confirmed to him by 

' Hexham Priory, Kaine, vol. ii. p. 1 1 1 . '' Testa de Nevill; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 2o5. 

' Sii'inburnc Charters ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 12. 

■* Rotuli Hitndredorum : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 107. 

■'' Richard of York was elected prior of Hexham in succession to John de Lazysingby in 1269. Hexham 
Priory, Raine, vol. i. app. xxii. etc. The error of supposing Lazysingby to have continued as prior till 
1271 (vol. iii. Hexhamshire, pt. i. p. 164, etc.) seems due to a confusion in the abstract given in 
Dodsu'orth MSS. xlv. fo. 56, of this grant of Chollerton by Gilbert de Umframvill with the confirmation 
of it by Richard de Umframvill in that year. 

' Szi'inburne Charters ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. \2. 

' See under West Swinburn. 

" Szi'inburne Charters ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 8. ° Ibid. 

'° Ibid. p. 5. This charter and two others which are necessarily posterior to Prath's obligation to 
give possession, dated 1256, were assigned by Hodgson to the shrievalty of Hugh de Bolbec, 
1 236-1 245, on account of his name appearing at the head of the attestations; but had he been 
sheriff, the words 'tunc vicecomite' would have almost certainly followed his name. 


Alexander III. of Scotland at Stirling in 1257.' Already in April, 1259, 
William de Swinburne was acting as treasurer to Alexander's young 
queen, Margaret. During the four ensuing years he disbursed the sum of 
^.'598 los. 4d. for his royal mistress in the purchase of cloth, furs, napkins, 
towels, linen, cloth of gold and aresfa, cambrics, wax, spices, oblations, 
jewels, and other petty expenses.^ It was probably these duties at the 
Scottish court that involved him in a serious dispute with Gilbert de 
Colecester, a London tailor, living in the parish of St. Benet de Gers- 
chereche (Gracechurch). The tailor in the end made a most abject 

Swinburne, who had been appointed rector of Fordun in Kincardineshire, 
farmed the altar dues of his church for three years from 1260, to a chaplain 
named David, at forty marks annually. David was to serve the church with 
two chaplains, and the necessary clerks, bearing all charges connected with 
it, except papal imposts, and was to find Swinburne fuel, litter, hay, and a 
stone of cheese for 8d.^ It cannot have been long after this that Swinburne 
resigned his ecclesiastical preferment, and took to himself a wife.'^ In 1269, 
the same year that he acquired Chollerton, Queen Margaret sent him as 
her bailiff into Cumberland. ° In consequence perhaps of a letter the queen 
wrote to Walter de Merton, her father's chancellor, in his behalf,'' Swin- 
burne obtained a confirmation of his errant of Chollerton from Henrv III.. 
29th March, 1269.** From her brother Edmund he received Ottercaps and 

William de Swynburne had become possessed of the manor of Staworth 
(Staward pele). On 14th January, 1272, he wrote from Haughton to Henrv 
III. to say that he was prevented by great infirmity from attending his court 
in Hilary term with reference to a perambulation to be made between the 
manor of Langley in the county of Northumberland and that of Staworth in 
the liberty of Tyndale. He gave his consent to the perambulation provided 
one-half of the jury were taken from the liberty.'" 

' Sziiiiburite Charters: Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. pp. 12, ij. A second confirmation 
in the same terms, in 1267, was probably obtained, owing to the violent changes in the Scottish 
government in the interval. - Ibid. pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 20. ^ Ibid. p. 23. 

■* Ibid. p. 21. The date, 1270, given in the heading there seems a misprint. 

5 Assize Rolls, 21 Ed. I. « Su-inbiinie Charters; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 21. 

■ Royal Letters, No. 851. Cal. of Documents rel. to Scotland, vol. i. No. 2260. 

' Suinburne Charters : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 13. 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. pp. 105, 106. 

'" Collins, Proc. in Bar. pp. 22, 2^ ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. lii. p. 20. 


Notwithstanding the royal protection which he obtained from Henry III., 
and a further confirmation of his title to Chollerton from Richard de 
Umframvill at Hexham, 26th Julv, 1271,' Swinburne was not allowed to 
remain in unquestioned eniovment of the manor. Before 1274, Eva, the 
widow of Robert de Umframvill, the former owner, had married William 
de Percy, and now claimed the third part of 490 acres in Chollerton as her 
dower. After four vears' delay Gilbert, earl of Angus, came forward to 
bear witness that Eva's claim to dower had alreadv been satisfied in the 
manor of Birtlev." A greater danger threatened Swinburne in 1278 : 
Richard de Umframvill had gone out of his mind, and his friends raised 
the point as to whether he was sane at the time of his renunciation of 
Birtlev and Chollerton in favour of his cousin and overlord. Earl Gilbert. 
The earl, however, was able to prove that Richard had appeared in person 
to levy a fine of these manors before the justices itinerant. Edward I. 
and his council decided in favour of Richard's abilitv to renounce, holding 
that it was to be presumed that the justices would not have allowed any 
person under age or an idiot to transact business in court. They laid down 
the rule that it was a thing unaccustomed to bring the discretion of the 
justices before a jury (inusitatum est quod discretio justiciariorum inquiratur 
per patriam).^ 

One of the first things Swinburne did at Chollerton was to ensure better 
communication with the property he had already acquired at Haughton, by 
establishing a ferry boat on the North Tyne. He entered into an agree- 
ment with Ranulph de Halvton (Haughton), the owner of Selburhalv, on 
the west bank of the river, to buy and keep at their joint cost a boat to 
ply between that place and his own land at Scothalv on the east bank. 
Each of them was to have a right of wav to the boat for himself and his 
men through Chollerton and Haughton respectively.'' 

Swinburne granted to Master William deWauker, the vicar of Chollerton, 
a piece of ground 8 feet wide and 30 feet long on the south side of the vicar- 
age for the purpose of constructing ' a chamber for the priests' use ' (camera 

' Dodsworth MSS. .\lv. fo. 56 ; see footnote 8 on previous page. 

- De Banco RoUs, 2-3 Ed. I. Michas. m. 6 ; 6-7 Ed. I. Michas. m. 38. 

' Abbrev. Placit. 7-8 Ed. I. rot. 21 in dorso, p. 197; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 14. 

■* S'd'inhurne Charters : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. I. The agreement which has been 
assigned to the time of Henry II. is of that of Henry III. : there was no William de Swinburn in the 
time of Henry II., at any rate in possession of Chollerton. 


ad opus sacerdotum). He conceded this 'for the good of his soul and 
the souls of his ancestors,' in consideration of a special memorial of himself 
and his wife and their children every Sunday in Chollerton church, and at 
the rent of one penny payable at Michaelmas. He also gave Wauker person- 
ally (not as vicar) common rights for three mares and two cows in the pasture 
where the men of Chollerton kept their cattle ; in return he was to receive 
twelve hens every Christmas.' 

Alexander HI. appointed William de Swinburne his bailiff in Tynedale, 
but at his consort's request freed him from all involuntary services of the kind 
in 1273,' '"'^ exemption that Swinburne had already enjoyed in England since 
1268, throutrh Queen Marraret's influence with her father.' On the same dav 
Alexander bestowed on him Haughton Strother with the adjacent demesnes 
' in free forest with vert and venison.'^ Swinburne's house at Haughton is 
stvled simply a 'camera' in the curious instrument by which, in 1278, John 
de Insula became his liegeman 'against all in the world save his own over- 
lords,' for the yearly sum of 20s.^ 

Alan de Swinburne, brother of William and rector of Whitfield since 
1264,'' had bought the manor of Great Heton (Capheaton) from Thomas 
de Fenwick in 1274.' Wishing to settle this on his brother William and his 
heirs while retaining his own life-interest, he enfeoffed his brother in it in 
1284, and, under the name of an exchange, was enfeoffed himself in the manor 
of Chollerton as security. The intention was that after a year's possession 
had ratified the entail of Capheaton each should resume possession of 
his own manor ; a transaction which they ultimately carried out." William 
de Swinburne was still living in Julv, 1285, when he came to a final agree- 
ment with John Comvn of Badenoch as to his shiels of Greenlev, and a half 
of the adjacent lake of Wigglesmere." Indeed he does not seem to have died 
till 12S9, when Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, received orders, as ' custos ' 
of the king's lands in Tvndale, to take possession of those of William de 

' Swinburne Cluirters : Hodgson, Northiimfnrldnd, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 19. The date, 1426, given in the 
Latin heading, is manifestly wrong. The witnesses would all have been 150 years old, or more, in 
that year. - Ibid. p. 2 j. 

■' Patent Rull, 52 Henry III. m. 4 ; Ceil, of Documents rcl. to Scotland, vol. i. p. 496. 

■* Swinburne Charters : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 16. ' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 2S. 

" Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 109. 

= Swinburne Charters; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. pp. 1-3. 

* Assise Roll, 21 Ed. I. Alan de Swinburne's receipt for icx) marks from Sir William, bv the hand 
of the latter's wife Margaret, 12S2-83, is sealed with a rude antique set within an iuscription. Swin- 
burne Charters, i. 9; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 213 n. 

' Swinburne Charters; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 19. 

VOL. IV 33 

£ s. d. 



I 2 O 


e regi 


I 7 o 



2 1 8 



I 4 o 



I 5 (3 



2 II 8 



O 19 2 






I 15 9 



2 7 10 



I 4 6 



I 10 III 






I II 7 



2 I 



ide regi, £ 


. 8|d. 


Swinburne, deceased.' Sir William's widow, Margery, married Thomas de 
Lucy, and in 1293 unsuccessfully claimed dower in Capheaton in addition to 
that which she had in Chollerton." 


Summa bonorum Willelmi Lamb 

,, Roberti de Snaudon 

„ Adae de Husband 

„ Thomae Turpyn 

„ Symonis Honiil 

„ Alani Liall 

„ Willelmi filii Galfridi 

„ Thomae filii Walteri 

„ Thomae filii Koberti 

„ Willelmi filii Willelmi 

„ Adae filii Walteri 

,, Galfridi filii Tuuhok 

Galfridi filii Ade 

„ Radulphi filii Roberti 

Willelmi de Water-felles 

Summa tota liujus villae cum Golden, lz\ os. S^d. 
Sholurton Subsidy Roll, 1336: Patricus de Bello Monte, 2S. 2d.; Willelmus Homel, is. id.; Thomas 
Houete, is. 2d. ; Walterus Moleudinarius, 2S. sd. ; Adam filius Gilberti, 2s. 6d. ; Willelmus de Bleumoute, 
3$. Summa, J2S. 4d. 

In 1479, in addition to Beaumont, which yielded a rent of £2 13s. 4d., 
the convent of He.xham held in Chollerton a husbandland, containing 
29 acres and 3 roods, which, with two cottage lands, containing about 
4 acres, was let to Hugh Colstone for 28s. a year, and another husbandland 
of 30 acres and 3 roods for which Alan Hoghird paid 30s. a year.' 

Chollerton Muster Roll, 1538.' 
John Usshor, Davide Wood, Michell Forestandhaw, John Colson, Wyllin Colson, able with hors 
and harnes. Robert Pawtson, Henry Wilson, Thomas Colson, Thomas Fenwyk, Christofer Jakson, 
Robert Robson, John Hynd, Rauff Bell, George Nicolson, Archbald Yildert, Andro Logam, James 
Foster, Robert Colson, neither hors nor harnes. Gerard Bell, Robert Nicholson, Gerard Patyson, 
Oswyn Eryngton, Robert Wodeman, able with hors and harnes. Willm Wodeman, Thomas Wodeman, 
Robert Tomson, Henry Woodman, naither hors nor harnes. 

In 1534 Edward Jay, prior, and the convent of He.xham, granted their 
pastures of Beaumont house to David Carnaby ; this, together with Beau- 
front, was, in 1586, conveyed by Nicholas Carnaby of Rouchester, son and 
heir of Mark Carnaby, late of Anick Grange, to Gilbert Errington of 

' Originalia, 17 Ed. I.; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 2S7. 

'' Assize Roll, 21 Ed. I. On 14th August, 1332, Alexander, son and heir of Sir William dc Swinburne 
gave at Chollerton 121 acres of land and 20 acres of pasture there to Brian de Thornhill, rector of 
Bydale and a great entail of the Swinburne estates was executed there on Trinity Sunday (7th June), 
1349 in the presence of Sir John de Strvvelan. Sir William de Felton, and Sir John de Lisle of Wode- 
burne, knights, and John de Clifl'ord the Sheritf. See Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. 11. vol. 1. p. 214 n. 

' Hexham Priory, Kainc, vol. ii. pp. 30-32. ■" A rch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 1 76. 


Wharmley.' In 1622 Henry Errington of Beaufront conveyed ' Beamont 
house or Beamont field' to William Swinburne of Capheaton,' who already 
held the greater part of the township by descent from William Swinburn, to 
whom the manor was granted 350 years before. In 1663 Sir John Swinburne 
was rated at ^140 for his lands in Chollerton, and from him is lineally 
descended its present owner, Sir John Swinburne of Capheaton, bart. 

In the survey of July, 1536, it is stated that the prior and convent held 
a tenement with appurtenances in Chollerton, which was rented by the vicar 
of Chollerton for 40s. or 45s. a year.' Under the description of ' a tenement 
in Chollerton and the arable lands said to have been sometime in the 
occupation of the vicar of the parish church of Chollerton by particular 
thereof said to be of the value of 40s., and sometime parcel of the dissolved 
monastery of Hexham,' it was, in 1622, for the sum of ^120, conveyed by Sir 
John Fenwick of Wallington to his servant George Heron, then of Kearsley, 
'to be holden in fee farm for ever.'^ Three years later Heron sold it for 
£160 to Richard Wilson of Haughton castle 'in as full a manner as King 
James by letters patent, dated 7th October, in the seventh year of his reign, 
had granted the same, intei' alia^ to George Salter and John W . . . .' 
In 1642 Roger Wilson of Hexham, son of Richard Wilson of Haughton, for 
_^200 conveyed it to Cuthbert Heron of Chipchase." Heron was not rated 
in 1663, but Roger Chalto was rated at ^13 for lands in Chollerton. 

In the second half of the seventeenth century Chollerton was farmed by 
a cadet of the ancient family of Carnaby, whose will, remaining in the 
registry at Durham, makes his landlord, Sir John Swinburne, one of his 
executors, and affords some genealogical information hitherto unknown. 
The inventory filed by the executors discloses the contents of a well- 
plenished farm house of the period, as well as the nature and value of the 
farm stock. 

Will of Ralph Carnaby of Chollerton, gentleman. Dated i6th March, 1693. 
To the poor people, ^10, to be distributed at my burial among every poor man and woman of the 
parish of Chollerton. To my nephew, John Carnaby of Halton, esq., £^. To my niece, Jane Carnaby, 
sister of the said John, ;^5, and a bond or specialty oi £2-, entered to me by Sir Robert Fenwick of Rywell, 
knight, deceased. To my nephew, William Fenwick of West Matfen, gentleman, ^25. To my nephews, 
Ambrose Fenwick of West Matfen, ^5, and to Ralph Fenwick of the same place, £2,0, and my new suit 
of clothes. To my niece, Dorothy Kempe, wife of Francis Kempe of London, ^5. To my niece, Mrs. 
Catherine Dunn of the Brigghouse, near Bellingham, widow, £^. To my niece, Mrs. Maiy Fenwick of 

' The Rev. John Hodgson MSS. Capheaton Deeds (V), pp. 230-233. ' Ibid. 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 166; cf. vol. iii. p. 158. 

* The Rev. John Hodgson MSS. C(i/>/ira<OH £)iYifs (V), pp. 230-233. 'Ibid. 'Ibid. 


West Matfen, spinster, ;f lo. To Mr. John Bur>' of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, one of the sons of Mr. Matthew 
Bury, /30. To Mr. James Bur>' of Newcastle-on-Tyne, £21 ; to Mrs. .\nn Bur\' of Nevvcast!e-on-Tyne, 
spinster, /30, children of the said Matthew. To Mrs. Barbary .Simpson of Corbridge, daughter of Mr. 
Henry Simpson, late of Corbridge, gent., deceased, £,i. To Mrs. Anne Thornton, wife of Nicholas 
Thornton of Netherwitton, esq., 20s., to buy a mourning ring. To the Honourable Francis Radcliffe, esq., 
20s., to buy a mourning ring. To the Honourable Thomas Radcliffe, esq., 20s., to buy a mourning ring. 
To the Honourable William Radcliffe, esq., 20s., to buy a mourning ring. To the Honourable Lady Mary 
Ratcliffe of Dilston, 20s., to buy a mourning ring. To Mrs. Catharine .Swinburne of Capheaton, spinster, 
daughter of the Right Worshipful Sir John Swinburne, baronet, 20s., to buy a mourning ring. To Mr. 
Edward Swinburne of Capheaton, one of the sons of the said Sir John, 20s., to buy a mourning ring. To 
my lady, Isabell Swinburne, wife of the said Sir John, 20s., to buy a mourning ring, and direct that the 
said Isabella shall divide all my household goods and stuff between herself and my loving wife, Mary 
Carnabv. To Simon Wilkinson of Chollerton, yeoman, 20s. To William Kcll of ChoUcrton, yeoman, 20s. 
To Jane Dacre, my servant, ^5. To the rest of my servants, 5s. each. To my servant, Henr)- Armstrong, 
my black mare at Chipchase with Sir Charles Heron, bart. To Mrs. Troth Swinburne of Capheaton, one of 
the daughters of Sir John Swinburne, the best bedd. To Mrs. Mary Swinburne of Capheaton, another 
daughter of the said John Swinburne, the seeing glass in the browne chamber where my late deceased 
daughter lay. To Anne Carnabv, daughter of Mr. Richard Carnaby, late of Nubbock, deceased, ^5. To 
Mr. James Swinburne of Capheaton, son of the said Sir John Swinburne, the sum of /400, now in the 
hands of the said Sir John Swinburne. To my loving wife, Mary Carnaby, all and everything which I 
have not already bequeathed together with the sum of /800 which is due to me at Michaelmas from Robert 
Sureties of Ryton in the county of Durham, gentleman, and John Steavenson of Byerside, in the said 
county of Durham, gent. I devise unto my said wife, and unto her heirs, all my estate and title and 
interest in the messuages and lands in Crawcrook, in the said county of Durham, conveyed to me by the 
said Robert Sureties and John Steavenson for the said security of /^8oo. I appoint my loving wife, Mary 
Carnaby, and my well-beloved and worthy friend the said Sir John Swinburne of Capheaton, baronet, 
executors. Proved 1694. 

An inventory of the goods and chattels of Mr. Ralph Carnaby, late of Chollerton, in the 
county of Northumberland, gentleman, deceased. 
In the hall, one long table, valued at £\ 15s. ; in the out-rooms, another table, 55. ; in the dairy, 
bowles, a chirnn, chesfatt and suchlike, ^3 los. Potts, panns, and little things as trenshare, £1 ; three 
kettells and a fish pann, £2 14s. Fowerteen pewter dishes, most of them little ones, 3 douzen of plates, 
2 pair of candlesticks, 2 pair of brass candlesticks, with snuffers and snuffe pans for both, one dish cover, 
one cullindcr, i douzen of petty panns, a little ring for sallett, 2 brass rings, 30 glasses, jugs and cups, 
with a latting pudding pan, a big earthen pot, all at £^. One fine new tick for a bed, £2 ; one webb of 
unbleached cloth, ^i 6s. ; 17 yards of unbleached harden, 14s. 6d. ; 9 spindle of yame, £\ 2s. ; 2 spitts 
and a pann, 6s. The linning ; 8 paire and one sheet, most of them thinn, £2 15s ; seaven paire of a 
courser sort, more worn, £1 i8s. ; nine paire and one of course sheets, ^T iSs. ; nine paire of good 
pillowbers, one paire more, very cours, £\ 2s. ; one window curtain of course cloth, and clother {sic) for 
another, 8s. ; 13 table cloths of linning, dyper and huggaback, and one more, £2 5s. ; 9 douzen and a half 
of linning dyper and huggaback napkins, with fewer dyper towels, £2 15s. Two barrells, 3s., one new- 
booke, 6s. ; one old green bed, ids. ; a browne bed and bedstead, £2 los. ; three feather beds, 3 
paire of pillows, 2 bowlesters, one peice of course ticking for a bowlster, £^ los. ; five paire of blanketts, 
£1 15s. ; 2 pieces of wooling cloath for blanketts, los. ; 2 ruggs, 4 coverlitts or happins, 3 more all very 
bad, ^i 2s. A prospect glass, a runner to cut p.aste, and a sause pann, 5s. ; 2 coverlitts, and two paire of 
more blankets, ^i. There was one broune bedd and bedstead, fether bedd, bowlster and pillows, 
blanketts, rugg, and one looking glass, which was left Mrs. Troath Swinburne by Mr. Carnaby's will, and 
which the said Troath .Swinburne had, the same were vallued at ^4 5s. There was chaires, virginalls, 
trunks, with Mr. Carnaby's cloathes in them, severall boxes, chists and cupbert of drawers, 2 iron bo.xes, 
and a dish, a warmeing pann, the fether bedd, bowlster, and pillows, bedstead, curtaines, and table (and 
the kitchen racks) that was in Mr. Carnaby's chamber, and other fether bedds with blanketts, and one 
looking glass, that Mr. Burj' had and disposed of, £ s. The particulars of plate : One little silver 


tankard valued at £2, ; one silver tumbler, 15s. ; tenn silver spoons, £^ ; a little teapott of silver, 15s. ; 
one silver salt, £2. These particular peices of plate Mr. Bury had and received the same to his ow-ne 
use without allowing my Lady Swinburne, the other legatee, her moyety or share thereof. The beasts 
and other cattell at ChoUerton upon the lands at Mr. Carnaby's death valued : 23 draught oxen at £2, 15s. 
per beast, ^86 5s. ; 17 fat oxen at £7 per beast, £119 ; 28 milk cowes, ^3 per beast, ^84 ; 10 steers 
at £'i per beast, £'^0 ; 12 steers and quies at £1 5s. per beast (these were two years old), /15 ; 12 
steers and quyes more at ^i 15s per beast, /21 ; 16 one year old stirks at 15s. per beast, ^12 ; i 
bull at £2,; one bull segg at ^4. 15 score of ewes at £7 los. per score, /112 los.; 6 score 
of hogge at £a per score, ^24 ; 1 1 score of wethers and seven dinments at £7 per score, £7<) 9s. 
The swine: one sowe at 14s.; 3 piggs at 8s.; 2 hoggs at ^3 ; 2 braunes at £1 2s. The horses : 4 
maires at £2 each, /8 ; 3 old work horses at los. each, ^i los. ; the husband geare valued at ^i i 9s. 4d. 
The come in the garth valued to ^70 ; the cropp upon the ground at ^20; reedy money in the house, 
An account of what bonds Mr. Carnaby left for moneys due to him and which are all desparate and not 

worth one farthing : 
Sir Robert Fenwick's bond for £2$ ; it was left to Mrs. Jane Carnaby and given to her ; Mr. Robert 
Fenwick's bond of /20 ; one bond of Thomas Gray for ^3 is. ; abondof Nicholas Romy, ^3 6s. ; abondfor 
30s. a year till £7 be paid by Thomas Hedley, £7 ; William Robson's bond for £2 i6s. ; Richard 
Carnaby's bond for £2 ; James Graham's bond for ^4 13s. ; Nicholas Hodshon and John Forbus, there 
bond for ^3 6s. 8d., but with Mr. Carnaby's owne hand is writt, there is only behind £1 ; William 
Routledge, his bond for ^i 9s. ; Nicholas Robson and Nicholas Robson, there bond for ^3 i6s. ; Roger 
Chatoe and Henry Chatoe's bond for £s 5s. ; John Herrison and Edward Herrison, bond for £^ 13s. ; 
Archabald Harp and Edward Champley's bond for;^4, but most of it is paid ; Robert Hedley and Thomas 
Hedley's bond for ^8 los. ; paid of this £1 ; remaines due £7 los. ; George Chicken and George Chicken, 
bond for ^5 ; but Mr. Carnaby hath writt on the bond all is paid but £\ los. 

An account of what sumes of money came to the hands of, and was received by Sir John Swinburne as 

e.xecutor to Mr. Carnaby, and due to him as such, over and besides the severall particulars of the 

personal estate above menconed : 

John Carnaby, esq., his bond for ^30 ; one bond of the Honourable Thomas Radcliffe, for principall 

money and interest, all of which money he paid and Sir John received, ^f 159 ; received upon bond of 

Henr>' Lowes and William Foster, £2, 12s. ; received upon a bond of Richard Cooke, £3 8s. ; received 

of John Tomson for 20 bowles of bigg sold by Mr. Carnaby, ^i I los. ; received of John Tomson for 20 

bowells of r>'e sold by Mr. Carnaby, ^12 ; of John Tomson for 6 score and tenn sheep sold by Mr. 

Carnaby, ^59 5s. ; received of Lawson upon bond, £b. 

With the exception of about 6 acres of glebe belonging to the vicar the 
whole township belongs to Sir John Swinburne. It is divided into the East, 
West, and Middle farms, and the farm of Beaumont house, but under the 
old system of rating was reputed to comprise eight ancient farms. 

The Parish Church. 
The parish church stands in the nook formed bv the confluence of the 
Erring burn, with the North Tyne at the ,e.\treme south-west of the parish, 
on a site from which the ground falls to the south, and commands a view 
of Cocklaw tower, and in the distance of St. Oswald's chapel, Keepwick 
fell, and the line of the Wall. The grant of the church of ChoUerton 
made by Odinel de Umframvill to the prior and convent of He.xham 



included 8 oxgangs of land in the vill of Chollerton, wliicli had formed 
part of the old endowment of the church, and a 5 acre field to the north 
of it, called the Michel-croft, as appears in the inspcximus of i29cS.' The 
deed of gift and the ordination of the vicarage are not now extant. 

Although the church presents a picturesque object among its surround- 
ings, with a background of lofty trees," it does not exhibit on the exterior any 
indication that the building is of more than ordinary interest. As seen from 
the road, it is entirely modern, the oldest portion being the tower, and this 
does not appear to be earlier than the last centurv. 








i 130O 


C lr69 



The plan comprises a chancel, a nave with north and south aisles, a 
detached western tower, and a south porch. The nave is 41 feet long, and 
measures 16 feet between the arcade piers. 

Though there are no remains of that period left, a pre-Conquest church 
may have occupied the site. The earliest evidences of a stone building are 
some arch stones of the Norman period. Although the Norman church and 
its supposed predecessor (which mav have been a wooden one) have disap- 
peared, a close examination of the walls shows that the present building is an 
enlargement and reconstruction of an older one. The west wall still retains 
some portions of the Norman work in situ, including the quoins at the south- 

1 Inspeximus of 1298 ; Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. iii. 

" Ash, elm, and plane trees, planted in the churchyard. Chollerton RegisUr, ist March, 1828, 



west angle of the nave, which are visible from the ground to the roof level, 
and at the north-west angle, to the extent of 3 feet above the ground level. 

The first addition to the Norman church was the extension towards the 
south by means of an aisle, which was separated from the nave by an arcade 
of four bays. The arches have two plain chamfered orders, with no hood 
moulding ; they rest on cylindrical shafts i foot 
7 inches in diameter and 8 feet high, having 
square capitals and moulded bases on square 
plinths. The proportions of this arcade are 
striking, and there is a characteristic rudeness 
about the whole which at once arrests atten- 
tion. This arises from the fact that the isolated 
columns, as well as the respond shafts at the 
two ends of the arcade, are monoliths, and are 
clearly of different workmanship from the other 
portions. There can be no doubt that thev are 
of Roman origin, and may be columns trans- 
ferred from a Roman building at the neigh- 
bouring station of Cilurnum. 

It is interesting to note a similar re-use of 
Roman material in the north arcade of Lan- 
chester church in the county of Durham, where 
is a closely adjoining Roman station, and where 
the shafts are uniform in number, size, and shape 
with those at ChoUerton. On the north side of 
Canterburv cathedral there are standina; two 
columns which did service in, and have been 
removed from, the early church of Reculver in 
Kent, which was also a Roman station. Built 
into the porch walls of the church are some small capitals of Transitional 
character, and the sunk ornamental panel (marked V) shown among the 
sketches of the sepulchral remains. 

The north arcade was added about a centurv later than the southern 
one. The arches are of two chamfered orders, resting on octagonal shafts 
or columns with moulded capitals and bases, the latter standing on square 
plinths. The responds are semi-octagonal in plan. The whole of the 



mouldinc;s have been chiselled over in modern days, and their shape much 

obliterated. Writing in 1769, Wallis, 
the historian, informs us the tower had 
been recently erected.' Its extent is 
shown bv the projecting angle quoins 
and the string course of classical 
character. The chancel was rebuilt 
at the same time. The present ter- 
mination to the tower was added in 
1873, when the chancel was shortened 
by 3 feet, the wall of the north aisle 
rebuilt, the south aisle reduced from 
1 5 feet to 9 feet 6 inches in width, 
and the windows on the south side 
of the chancel inserted. 

Chollerton can boast the posses- 
sion of three fonts. The one in use 
is prohablv contemporary with the 
south arcade ; it has a wooden cover 
of seventeenth-century work, of a 
Another, which is now in the churchyard, 


somewhat ornamental character 
has been formed out of 
a massive Roman altar, 
on which the sacrificial 
instruments are still lell, ,^ 
though the letters i.o.m., 
visible a few years ago, 
have disappeared.- The 
third is a shallow oct- 
agonal bowl, which be- 
longed to the old chapel 
of Gunnerton. A por- 
tion of the cross of a 
gable (IV.) is built into 
the north chancel wall. 




' Northumberland, vol. li. p. 90. 
form the basiu of the font. 

- The altar has been inverted and the base hollowed out to 

Interior of Chollerton Church (from the South-West). 



Grave-covers axd Monumental Inscriptions. 

The sepulchral memorials^ form an interesting series and afford varied 
examples of the ordinary monuments in use in country churchyards during 
the Middle Ages. They may be divided into the following classes: flat grave- 
covers forming portions of 

the floor of the churches ; 
grave-covers which were 
laid over graves in the 
churchyard ; and small 
standing crosses which 
were placed at the heads 
of the graves. To the first 
of these types belong the 
stones in the floor of the 
chancel (VII., VIII., and 
X.). Of the second, an 
example exists in the 
churchvard ; it bears a 
cross patee and a pair of 
shears. Of the third, are 
the fragments marked II. 
and IV. 

The small grave-cover 
marked I. on the sketch is 
that of a child ; it has a 
sunk cross patee within a 
circle, and two other sunk 
panels, interspersed with 
punctures. II. and IV. 
are head crosses. VI. is 
a small slab, or a portion 
of a larger one with incised 

shears, indicating a female. VII. is a fragment of a large limestone slab; the 
only portion of the design now discernible upon it is the ogee base which 

' .\s usual, the number of burials within the church is very great. In digging a grave in 1S15 an 
immense quantity of human bones were exposed; Mr. William Bates, who at that time farmed the 
whole of Chollerton, told Sir David Smith that he counted upwards of forty skulls. 

Vol. IV 



supports the stem of a eross, overlaid bv a shield on which a sinL;le einquefoil 
may perhaps be traced. \'III. is a good example of an earlv thirteenth-cen- 
tury grave-cover. The arms and base of the cross have beautiful floriated ter- 
minations, the arms of the cross are also filled with semi-circles with floriated 
ends. The shears on the dexter side indicate that the person represented 
was a female. X. is a double grave-cover, rectangular in shape, belonging 
to the thirteenth century. The stem of each cross springs from a trefoiled 
base and terminates in a head formed of portions of four circles conjoined. 
Both crosses are overlaid bv a shield charsjed with armorial bearings. That 
on the dexter cross has an impaled coat, the dexter side of which is quarterly, 
but so much worn that it is difficult to describe the exact charge.' The 
sinister side shows only a single einquefoil in chief. Above the shield is 
a book with a strap. The shield on the sinister cross is charged with three 
cinquefoils^ only. By its side is placed a long sword. In addition to 
these there is built up in the porch a fragment of an important thirteenth- 
century slab. It has a Norman-French inscription round its margin, which 
reads ci git dame elizabet de . . . . | prier pvr sa aulme. 

A seventeenth-century slab, now secured to the east wall of the south 
aisle, bears the following inscription : hic jacet henricvs widri | nton de 


Below this is an incised Latin cross. At the west end of the south aisle 
is another limestone slab, also secured to the wall, having the following 
inscription : hic jacet tho : erring | ton nvper de bing | field gener : ovi 


In memory of the Rev. John Hixon Arrowsmith, vicar of Kirkharle, and late curate of Chollerton, 
who died Nov. 12, 1865, af;ed 29 years. 

In mem. Christophori Bird ex agro Westmor. viri moribus ac pietate insignis hanc tabulam dicat 
fihus C.B. hujus paroechiae vicarius ob' a.d. 1814 ann. 85 nat. Hanc Margarettae Bird effigiem virtutis 
eximiae monumentum ponit filius C.B. grati animi causa vixit ann. 84 decessit a.d. 1822. 

In memory of Christopher Bird, 46 years vicar of this parish, born in Dec, 1778, died 11 May, 1867. 

Anne, wife of Christopher Bird, born 4 Feb., 1778, died ig May, 1852, obdormivit in pace. 

.'\nne Jane, daughter of Christoplier Bird, nat. 12 August, 181 1, dormivit in Christe, 4 Feb., i86r). 

' A drawing made over sixty years ago, preserved in Sir David .Smith's collection, describes the 
charge to have been the arms of Widdrington : quarterly, a bend. In that case the impaled coat has 
not been dimidiated, and cannot be Swinburne of Capheaton, as at first seems probable. 

' Possibly for Swinburne of Capheaton, but there is no indication of the field being <li\ ided 
per fess. 


In memory of the Rev. Oswald Head, 34 years vicar of this parish, who died 20 Dec, 1820, aged 
64 years. Also of Ann his wife, who died at Neston, in Cheshire, 21 March, 1841, aged 74 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Margaret, wife of John Hornby of Blackburn, esq., and daughter of 
Christopher Bird, vicar of this parish. She died at Torquay, after a long and painful illness borne with 
pious and cheerful resignation, October 3, 1853, a:tat 39. Her remains are laid in a vault in the church- 
yard of Tor-mohun, Devon. 

Lavinia Louisa Inman, obiit Maiae 24, 1856, ann. nat. 35 in deum pia in omnes benevola sic amore 
requiescam hoc monumentum ponit maritus Rev. T. Inman. 

Here has the body of Stephen Kitchen, who died October ye 13, 1747, aged 47 years; and Elizabeth 
his wife, died Feb. 11, 1756. 

Here lieth the body of Edward Taylor, who departed this life July 1 1, 1786, aged 78 years. 

Vic.\RS OF Chollekton. 
Before 1289. William de Wauker.' 
1316. William, vicar of Cholverton.-' 
1361. John de Skardeburgh, vicar of Chollerton.^ 

1372. John de Ebor, vicar of ChoUerton, was party to a deed dated at Denton, 20th May, 1372, 
relating to Beaufront, Bingfield, Beukley, etc' 
1380. Waltre de Chambre.'' 
John Ellison." ' 

1495, 2nd June. Robert Stehinson, after the resignation of Ellison." ^ 

1496, 2nd March. Henry Leshman, after the death of Stehinson." ^ 

1498, 2oth July. John Westmerland, after the resignation of Leshman.' He appeared at the arch- 
bishop's Visitation in 1501.' In the dissolution period survey, it is noted that the vicar of ChoUerton 
held a tenement, with appurtenances there, at the rent of 45s." 

1556, nth February. Arthur Shafto was presented by the queen." ^ He was also vicar of 
.Stamfordham, and did not appear at the Visitation of 1578, and was excused. His curate, Thomas 
Woodcock, appeared, but could produce no licence." 

1584. John Dobson, after the death of Shafto.' 

1585, 12th November. John Wood, after the resignation of Dobson." ' 
1610. Alexander Wooddell, after the resignation of Wood. '' 

1650. John Wigham. 

1662, 13th January. Robert Adamson, M.A., was presented by Sir William Fenwick ■.'• buried in the 
church, 27th January, 1688/9." 

16S9. John Bland; he was residing in Morpeth in 1722, when he voted for freehold in ChoUerton, 
and died 15th October, 1733." 

1733. Charles Stoddart, M.A., inducted 2otli November, 1733;" also vicar of Brampton in Cum- 
berland ; buried i6th June, 1790." 

1790. Oswald Head, died 20th December, 1820." 

1821. Christopher Bird, instituted 26th January, 1821," son of Christopher Bird of Morlaud, in 
Westmorland, of St. Albau's hall, Oxon.; matriculated gth June, 1803, aged 24; M..^. 1806 ; rector of 
High Hoyland, 1806; perpetual curate of Allendale, vicar of Warden, 1827.'" 

' Hodgson, Nuiihumbcrlaiid, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 19, where the date (1426) is erroneously given. 
- Inquisition touching the vicarage of Edlingham; Bishop Kcllawc's Kvgistey, Hardy, vol. ii. p. S20, 
Rolls Seiies. ^ Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 18. ' Rev. John Hodgson MSS. (L), 263. 

* Randal, State of tlic Churches. " Rev. John Hodgson MSS. ; Bishop of Durham's Register. 

' Ecc. Proc. of Bp. Barnes, Raine, xxxii. Surtees Soc. "Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 166. 

° Ecc. Proc. of Bp. Barnes, Raine, p. 30. 

'" ChoUerton Register. 1703, 13th May, John Bland, clerk, vicar of ChoUerton, and Isabella Fenwick 
of West Harle, widow, married. Kirkwlielpiugton Register. " ChoUerton Register. 

'- Mr. Christopher Bird purchased the advowson of the church from Mr. Beaumont. 





C H O IL L E n T D) K i; H tn? C H . 

/■^ir-iAf^ / I'll'. I Mij ^fW.e^^njfh^'* . 

1867. Christopher ISiid the j-oiinger, instituted lotli July, of Trinity college, Cambridge; R.A. 1838; 
sometime vicar of High Hoyland, Yorkshire ; honorary canon of Newcastle; died 29th December, 1896, 
aged 80. 

1897. Wilfrid Bird Hornby of Brasenose college, Oxon., matriculated yth June, 1870, aged 19; 
B.A. 1875; M.A. 187S; sometime bishop of Nyasaland. 

Though the present dedication is ascribed to St. Giles,' the scanty 
evidence which \vc possess points to St. Michael as the patron saint of the 
church. It is so entered in Archdeacon Sharp's minutes of his visitations, 

the belief is strengthened 
by the designation of the 
adjoining field which (as 
i'j| has already been stated) is 
named Michel-croft, and 
may have been originally 
St.' Michael's Croft. The 
church possesses a silver 
communion cup, of New- 
castle make, with the in- 
scription : 'Chollirton Vicradge R. A[damson] Vic'' r.d : t.n : h.a : r.r : 
Churchwardens, 1687'; a silver paten, inscribed 'The gift of Anne Bird to 
Chollerton church, 1842'; and a flagon, also of silver, given in 1885 by the Rev. 
Christopher Bird. The illustration shows the church as it appeared in 1828. 


The following entries are selected from the registers, which begin in 1651 : - 
1648, 14th August. Robert Adamson and Margaret, his wife, married. 

1673, nth September. Ehzabeth, daughter of Mr. James and Mary Fenwick of Berkle, baptised. 
1675, 20th July. Cuthbert, son of James and Mary Fenwick of Berkle, baptised. 
1681, 14th June. Mr. William Ruthven (?) and Esther, daughter of Mr. Robert Adamson, vicar of 

Chollerton, married. 

1687, 5th Januarj'. Stephen, son of Mr. Hallaburton of Wall houses, baptised. 

1688, 4th October. Hennaritennery (sic), daughter of Sir John Heron of Chipchase, baptised. 
1691, 12th September. Mrs. Berry, sister of Mr. Carnaby of Chollerton, buried. 

1693, 2ist September. Edward Robson of Whiteside Law and Margery, daughter of Edward 

Shafto of East Quarter, married. 
1693, 2ist November. Mr. Robert Fenwick and Mrs. Hannah Heron, married. 
1694/5, 2nd February. Ralph Carnaby and his wife of Chollerton was buried. 
1695, 23rd April. Mr. Skilton's brother of Great Swinburn, buried. 
1696/7, 4th January. Mr. Ramsha of Countess park, buried. 
1696/7, 28th February. Sissely, mother of Mr. Cuthbert Heron of Carrihouse, buried. 

' This appears in Ecton's Thesaurus, 1742, etc., but may have arisen from a confusion with the 
chapel of St. Giles at Charietun (North Charlton). C/. vol. ii. p. 292. 

- With a few entries earlier in date relating to his own family which have been copied in by Vicar 


1698/9, ist March. Mr. Denton of Great Swinburn, buried. 

1699, 2nd September. Richard, son of Mr. Mairs of Chipchase, baptised. 

1701, 12th February. Thomas, son of Mr. Jasper Hall of Colwell Mains, baptised. 

1711, 19th June. Mr. John Wears and Mrs. Catherine Charlton of Williamswick, married. 

1722, 24th August. Elizabeth Shafto with Mrs. Weldon of Gunnerton, buried. 

1724, 6th August. Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Thomas Hall of Colwell Mains, baptised. 

1734, 28th October. Mrs. Close living at Chipchase, buried. 

1734, 30th October. The Rev. Mr. Jackson and Mrs. Jane Bland, married. 

1734, 13th December. Mr. Lorain living at the Park house, buried. 

1736, 12th August. Mr. George Coulson and Mrs. Mary Dawson, married. 

1738/9, 22nd February. Lancelot Allgood, esq., and Miss Jane Allgood, married. 

1740/1 ist January. Mr. Cuthbert Watson and Mrs. Margaret Bates, married. 

1744, 13th October. Mr. William Charlton and Mrs. Margaret Lamb, married. 

1744/5, 12th January. Mr. Benjamin Sorsby and Miss Elizabeth Fenwick, married. 

1748, 12th May. The Rev. Mr. John Clark, curate of Chollerton, buried. 

1767, izth December. Cuthbert Bates of Great Swinburn, buried. 

1774, 19th October. The Rev. Mr. Orton of Bingfield, buried. 

1782, 15th May. The Rev. Mr. Dixon, papist priest, of Tone, buried in the church. 

1783, 3rd August. Eliza Harriet, daughter of John Grover, esq., and Mrs. Elizabeth, his wife, of 

Walwick Grange, baptised. 


1536. In the survey of the possessions of Hexham priory, taken in July of that year, the corn tithes 
of Chollerton were worth £\ 6s. 8d., of Barresford, £\ 13s. 4d., of Chipchase, 'Stewden,' and Birtley, 
£s, 6s. 8d., of Gunnerton, £2, and of Colwell, £2} 

1552. The inventorie of all the churches within Northumberland, maid the xvii daie of Augusta, in 
the vi year of the reigne of oure Severing Lorde Kinge E. the vi before the Lorde Ogle, Sir Thomas 
Graye, knight, Cuthbert Horsleye and Robert Horslie, esquires. Chollerton : Towe belles, one challes 
of tene, one vestment, towe alter clothes, ii towelles, one crose of ten, one pare of sensours of latten, one 
sakring bell.- 

1578,30th June. The bishop 'in his dyninge chamber at Awkelande,' called before him Arthur 
Shafto to exhibit his qualification, dispensation, or other documents, for holding the two livings of 
Stamfordham and Chollerton. Shafto exhibited a dispensation from Cardinal Pole, the pope's nuncio, 
during the reign of Queen Mary, dated 31st August, 1556, which the bishop refused to admit, and declared 
Stamfordham vacant. Nevertheless, he died in possession of both livings. His will, dated 30th Januarj-, 
1581/2, and the inventory of his goods at Stamfordham are printed in the appendix to the Eccksiastical 
Proceedings of Bishop Bctnus. He desires to be buried in the chancel of Stamfordham, and gives lands 
and legacies to John and Robert Shafto, sons of Jane Jobson ; though he had conformed to the reformed 
religion and married, he hesitated to call his wife by his own name.^ 

1579, I2th April. John Forster purchased from Sir Christopher Hatton all the tithes, etc., late 
belonging to the priory of Hexham.' 

1 580-1 581. In a suit in the Court of Exchequer, in which Sir John Forster was plaintiff and Thomas 
Swinburne and others defendants, answers were returned to the following interrogatories : ' Whether and 
in what sort has Thomas Swinburne, or any other occupier of the lands, tithes, fruits, commodities, and 
increase of all corn and grain yearly renewing and coming within Chollerton, time out of mind paid, set 
forth, or severed in kind the tithe of the corn in Chollerton ? Has Thomas Swinburn or any of his 
ancestors ever made any recompense for the same tithes to the plaintiff, being her Majesty's tenant thereof 
for the time being, or to any other person ? When were the said tithes so set out and severed in kind ? 

' Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 168. 

- Ecc. Proc. of Bp. Barnes, Raine, app. 1. ; Surtees -Soc. vol. 22. ' Ibid. pp. 71, 72, cxv. cxvii. 

■* Cf. vol iii. p. 57. 


To what person or persons did he or they so pay the same tithes in kind or make recompense for the 
same ? What quantity of the said grounds does the said defendant occupy for which he sets forth no 
tithes in kind ?' 

Wilham Storie of the Wall-town, yeoman, aged about So, deposed ' that he was a servant of the 
prior of Hexham, and did gather and leade the tithe corn of Chollerton to one Bell's garthe in Chollcrton, 
being the prior's house, and that the same was paid in kind for four years together to the prior's use.' 

Richard Radclifife of Hexham, gent., aged 66, deposed that 'about 28 years past the Lady Carnabie, 
being then farmer to the Queen's Majesty to the premises, she sent this examinate to Chollerton, and 
there commanded him to gather the tithe corn of Chollerton. He did so, and covered and set up the 
same in George Heron's garth of Chollerton to the use of the Lady Carnabie.' 

John Pawteson of Hexham, yeoman, aged above 80, deposed 'being a servant to prior Jaie, he went 
with the said prior (about sixteen years before the house was suppressed) to Chollerton, and there the prior 
did take the tenth sheaf from the rest and bring it to Hexham." 

The tithes of Chollerton, with the rest of Sir John Forster's Hexham estate, descended at his death to 
his grandson. Sir John Fenwick, who in 1628 sold the tithes of Little Swinburn, Colwell, etc., and in 1631 
of Chollcrton and Barrasford to the Mercers' company of London, to form part of the endowment of the 
lectureships of Hexham and Berwick." 

In 1633 George Forest of Bingfield, clerk, was charged with marrying persons clandestinely, and 
acknowledged the offence, but alleged 'that he did solemnize the said marriage ignorantly, and at the 
intreatey of Mr. Wooddell, vicar of Chollertoun.' He was discharged, and letters missive given against 
Mr. Woodell." 

1650. The Oliverian Survey says 'that the parish of Chollerton is a viccaridge worth fortye pounds 
per annum, and the present incumbent, Mr. John Wigham, a preaching mynister. That the come tithes 
of the said parish are parcell of the late monasterie of Hexham belonging to Sir John Fenwicke, knight 
and baronett : and that there are foure chappells belonging unto the said parish, vizt., Chippchase, 
Gunnerton, CoUwell, and Birtley chappellryes, all within less than three myles distant from the said parish 
church, saving Birtley, which is foure myles distant ; soc it is fitt and convenient that Gunnerton and 
Chippchase chappcllr>'es, with Wortshaugh,' Carrycoats, Whitehouse,' Collimagge," and Towen" be taken 
from their severall parrishes and annexed to Birtley, which may fittly be made a parish of itselfe for the 
ease of the said places.'" 

1663. Chollerton. It is well supplied at present. It was vacant about half a year after his majestie 
came in. The impropriator. Sir William Fenwick. The impropriation valued at ^160 per annum. But 
most of it sold to the Mercers of London and paid to the lecturer at Hexham, and [the vicar] hath hardly 
competent maintenance. The vicaridge worth but £40 per annum." 

1665. The chancel was repaired by Sir William Fenwick, the impropriator and patron of the living. 

1735. The vicar of Chollerton is entitled to all vicarial tithes in the parish of Chollerton ; but in the 
chapelry of Birtley tithe calves have not been paid in the memory of man. The sum of £2 4s. i id. is 
paid for all tithes and Easter offerings (except reek penny and communicants) for the whole estate of 
Chipchase,butthere is a doubt about the validity of this; vide Mr. Bland's receipt. A modus of i6s. is paid for 
all tithes of Beaumont house, and the hay tithe of Chollerton (excepting a part called Alexander meadows). 
A modus of 2d. a farm is paid throughout the parish of Chollerton (except as above) for hay and lint. But 
the present vicar has recovered the hay tithe in kind in all the improved commons.'" In the chapelry of 
Birtley are 40 farms, 20 pay hay penny and 20 jjay nothing, yet the hay tithe has never been drawn from 
the ingrounds of these 20 farms as far as the present incumbent could ever learn, but he has recovered the 
hay tithe of all the outgrounds which could be proved to belong to, or to have been taken from, the 

' Exchequer Depositions by Commission, 23 and 24 Eliz., Northumberland, No. 19. 

-• Cf. vol. iii. p. 167. ' Acts 0/ High Com. Durham, Longstaffe, p. 50. Surt. Soc. No. 34. 

* Warkshaugh. ' Carrycoats Whitehouse in Throckrington. " Query, Coltcrag or Comogan. 

' Tone. ' Arch. A el. 4to series, vol. iii. p. 7. 

'■' ' The Ecclesiastical State of Northumberland,' Arch. Ael. vol. .xvii. p. 260. 

'" ' N.B. Gunnerton fell was not then divided ' is written in the margin. 




It was alleged by the duke of Somerset's agents that the grounds called the glebe' were given 
in lieu of the hay tithe of the ingrounds of these 20 farms .... The vicar had a right to the pastur- 
age of five stints, winter and summer, in the township of Chollerton, which were exchanged for a piece of 
ground ; vide the deed.' 

1758. The vicar had formerly the right of five stints on the town field, which the present vicar, with 
Bishop Chandler's consent, exchanged for a close containing 9 acres on the estate of Sir John Swinburne.' 

In 1744 the chancel being in such 'a ruinous condition' that it would cost /150 to rebuild, and the 
lecturers of Hexham and Berwick, who enjoyed the great tithes of Rarrasford, Chollerton, Colwell, and 
Swinbum, and others who possessed fractions of the rectorial tithes, having disclaimed their liability to 
repair, the bishop was prayed to sequester the tithes, and a suit was commenced at the Ecclesiastical 
Court of Durham. The lecturer of Hexham alleged that Colwell was a distinct parish (like Kirkheaton), or 
a free chapel ; and though he could not disprove that the small tithes were paid to the vicar of Chollerton, 
he alleged that he enjoyed them by sufferance for performing burials, marriages, and christenings, ' for 
the inhabitants of Little Swinburn and Colwell ; the people of Colwell, on the destruction of their own 
chapel by the Scots army, may also have resorted to the parish church of Chollerton as most con\ enient 
unto themselves and submitted to repair the nave.' The disclaiming tithe owners contended that the 
tithes they possessed had been sold by Sir John Fenwick without exceptions, and that his successor in 
title, who was also patron of the living, was the only person liable to repair the chancel over which 
(through his vicar and nominee} he had exercised his right of control.' Ultimately, the co-owners of the 
great tithes (by mutual agreement if not by order of the court) undertook the obligation which the law 
imposed upon them, for the following entry remains in the parish register : 

1762. The chancel was repaired (and part rebuilt) at ye joint expense of ye following gentlemen, 
each contributing in proportion in value of the corn tithe they were possessed off in ye parish of Chollerton, 
which yt year was calculated and adjudged as follows, viz. : 

S' Walter Blackett 

S' Lancelott Allgood 

Christ'" Reed, esq'' ... 

Tho' Riddell, esq' 

The Rev. Mr. Totton (lecturer of Hexham) 
The Rev. iMr. Wolfal (lecturer of Berwick) 
Allen Hodgson, esq' 

I attest ve above as true 

Value of 
ye tithes. 

Shares for repairing 
ye chanceli. 

£ s. d. 


























Chas. Stoddart, vicar of Chollerton.' 

In 1826 the chance! was repaired at the cost of the impropriators of the corn tithes 'they contributing 
according to the number of acres subject to such tythe that were in tillage the year before without reference 
to the quality of the land. By this proceeding a dispute of several years' standing between the parishioners 
and the impropriators as to the liability of the latter to uphold the chancel was finally settled.' 
Names of the impropriators. 

The Rev. C. Lee, lecturer of Hexham 

The Rev. Wm. Proctor, lecturer of Berwick . . 

The Rev. Christ. Bird, for Gunnerton estatr 

Ralph Riddell, esq., of Great Swinburn 

John Reed, esq., Chipchase... 

Robert Lancelot .^llgood, esq., Nunwick ... 

Thomas Kerr, esq.. Tone hall 

Sums contributed 



s. d. 



6 II 



10 10 



I I 



6 3 



iS I 



19 II 



S 7 



2 0' 

i.e., Birtley glebe. • Chdkrton Register. 

'Documents with Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 

'Archdeacon Robinson, Visitation. 
CholUrlon Register. " Ibid. 


Archdeacon Singleton visited the church, loth September, 1828, and notes in his minute book that it 
was 'in very tolerable condition, although it is much to be desired that it should be new pewed throughout 
and that it should be ceiled. Archdeacon Sharp congratulated himself on the introduction of Venetian and 
sash windows into the church. The impropriation is licld under the Mercers' company by the lecturers 
of Hexham and Pierwick, their nominees. Mr. Bird has also a share for his private property at Cunnerton, 
Mr. Ker for Tone, Mr. Allgood for Chipchase, and Mr. Riddell for Swinburn and Colwell. The vicar claims 
and enjoys all vicarial tithes (with the exception of agistment, which he has never claimed) throughout the 
new enclosures, the ancient lands in many cases pleading a modus. There are about four acres of glebe, 
called Micklecroft. Mr. Bird values his benefice at /400 per annum . . . . (Mr. Bird holds) Warden, 
with its chapelries of Heydon and Newbrough, he has the spiritual charge of an immense tract of rich 
country- stretching from Bavington to Beltingham. If he preach habitually as well as he preached at my 
last visitation at Newcastle, it will be well for the neighbourhood.' 


The combined township of Great Swinburn and Colwell comprises 3,760 
acres to which a modern poor law arrangement has added a detached portion, 
containing other 1,813 acres, making in all 5,573 acres. The population 
in 1 87 1, when the last separate census return was made, w-as 492. Since that 
year the return has been included in that of Chollerton parish.^ 

It will be convenient to deal with the two portions separately. The first 
and larger portion contains the castle and hamlet of West or Great Swin- 
burn, the village of Colwell, and the homesteads of Liddell-hall, Fawcett, 
Edge-house, Well-house, Ouarry-house, Colwell fell, and Swinburn hermitage. 
It abuts upon the North Tyne, and is watered by the Erring and Small burns, 
the Coal or Col burn, and the Swin burn. 

Remaining from a prehistoric age there is in the park of Swinburn a 
remarkable stone pillar, a peulvan or menhir, known as Swinburn ' standing 
stone.' It is 11 feet in height, 3^ feet in breadth, and about 2 feet in thick- 
ness, spreading out at the top like an open fan or human hand, and deeply 
furrowed by the falling rain of ages. Near by are three or four sepulchral 
mounds or barrows, in one of which were found five cist-vaens, and a very 
fine series of culture terraces.' 

West Swinburn, or as it was afterwards called Great Swinburn, formed 
with Colwell the westernmost of the three widelv separated parcels of the 
ancient barony of the ' Wirecesters,' and their successors, the Herons. The 
caput of this small barony, created by Henry I.,' was at Hadston, near 

'The Census Returns are: iSoi, 407; 1811,387; 1821,403; 1831,441; 1841,393; 1851,393; 1861, 
373; 1871, 492. " Rome Hall, Arch. Ad. vol. vii. p. u; vol. x. p. 18. 

' Inq. de tenementis et feodis, circ. 1212; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 234. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 273 

Warkworth ; its remaining members were Chirton and Flatford, near North 
Shields, and Little Benton, near Newcastle. It was formed certainly after 
the enclave of Gunnerton and East Swinburn had been included in the great 
Baliol barony by William Rufus, and probably before the incorporation of 
ChoUerton and Barrasford in the Umframvill barony of Prudhoe by Henrs' I. 

Standing Stone at Great Swinburn, 

Why West Swinburn and Colwell were attached to Hadston is a 
mysterv, nor do we know whv the barony itself was conferred on a family that 
took its name from the city of Worcester. During the Norman Conquest 
Urse d'Abetot, the fierce sheriff of Worcestershire, was much mixed up with 
Odo of Bayeux and Geoffrey of Coutances, two alien bishops, who both bore 
secular rule in Northumberland.' Aschatinus de Wirecestre^ witnessed a 
charter of Bishop Flambard (died 1128) relating to Islandshire and Norham- 

' Freeman, Norman Conquest, vol. iv. p. 173; De Injusta Vexatione Willelmi I. sec. 9; Symeon of 
Durham, Rolls series, i. p. 179. 

- Asketil de Wygomia and Ralph his son gave Trimdon and Langdale to Guisbro' priory before 1182. 
Guisbro' Chartulary, Brown, vol. i. p. 17 ; Surtees Soc. 

Vol. IV. 35 


shire.' All we reallv do know is that Ralph de Wirecester (or de Wigornia)" 
appeared as the owner of the Hadston barony in 1162.' Six years later he 
informed Henry II. that one of his own surname, Pagan de Wirecester, holds 
of him for a quarter of the service of a knight's fee ' what must have been the 
manor of West Swinburn. On Pagan's death, his son William did not obtain 
possession of his father's lands without encountering in 11 84 the opposition 
of Ralph's heir, Jordan Hairun.^ As William de Wvrcestre he witnessed a 
charter by which, possibly in the court baron, Ralph of Gunwarton, with the 
assent of Peter, his son, gave to Godfrey of Swinburne and his heirs all liis 
land of Swinburn." About the same time Ralph of Gunwarton conceded to 
Godfrey of Swyneburne and his heirs common pasture and fuel in the moor 
and moss of Gunwarton for his house of Swvneburne which he held of the 
fee of Wyrcestre.^ 

In 1240 West Swinburn was held of William Heron bv John de 
Wircester.' He bestowed on the priory of He.xham, during the reign of 
Henry III., an acre of land in the field of West Swinburn," and the homage 
of the lords of that manor, and the service of three shillings for the chantry 
of the chapel there." It is not impossible that this John de Wircester was 
one and the same person with the John de Swyneburn who held the manor 
of West Swinburn in 1257." 

On the 17th April, 1278, it seems that Nicholas, son of John de West 

' Raine, North Durham, p. 7411. - Pipe Roll, 14 Henry II., etc. ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. 

vol. iii. p. 12, etc. ' Pipe Roil, 8 Henr\' II., etc. ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 299, etc. 

' ' Paganus de Wirecester (debet mihi facere) aliam quartam partem servitii similiter de novo fefamento.' 
Liber Ni^er Scaccarii : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 304. 

° ' Willelmus filius Pagani reddit compotum de j marca pro recto de terra patris sui versus Jordanimi 
Hairun.' Pipe Roll, 30 Henry II.; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 37. 

"'Ego Rad. de Gimewarton assensu Petri filii mei dedi Godfrido de Swinburne et hercdibus totam 
terram meam de .Swinburne per lias divisas scilicet, etc. Test. : Jordano de Harrun, W. de Wyrecestre, 
Gervasio de Bentonc, Ada de Swineburne,' etc. DodsK'orth MSS. vol. xlv. p. 95. Godfrey's lands 
descended through his son .'Man, and his grandson Alan, to his great-grandson Richard, son of .-Man of 
West Swinburn. 

• ' Omnibus praesentibus, etc., ego Radulfus de Gunwarton, etc., noveritis me concessisse, dedisse, etc. 
Godefrido de Swyneburne et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis communem pasturam et fualium in 
mora et petario de Gunwarton ad domum suam de Swyneburne quam tenet de feodo de Wyrcestre, etc. Et 
ego dictus Radulfus et heredes dicto Godefrido et heredibus suis warrantizabinius,' etc. Assize Roll, 34 Ed. I. 

"'Johannes de Wirecester tenet de eodem Willelmo (Herun) -Swinburne per quartam partem unius 
feodi de veteri feoffamento.' Testa de Ncvill : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 203. The Liber 
Niger states that the fee was of new feoffment. 

' ' Tenent etiani unam acram terrae in campo de West -Swyneburne in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam 
de dono Johannis de Wernecestre et inde habuerunt cartam et tenuerunt e tempore regis Henrici patris 
domini regis nunc' Rot. Cart. 27 Edward I ; He.xham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 116. 

'° ' Habent etiam hom.agium heredum Nicholai de West Swyneburn et ser\icium trium solidorum per 
annum pro cantaria capellae de West Swyneburne ex concessione Johannis de Wircestre, etc' Ibid. 

" Inq. p.m. (Willelmi Herun) 42 Henry III. No. 24. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 275 

Swyneburne, founded a chantn- at the altar of the Blessed Virgin Marv' in 
the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary of West Swinburn. Among other 
things he gave ijh acres that Robert, his brother, had held in that 'town' 
to Walter of Blanchland, the chantry chaplain. The deed was attested by 
Nicholas' own seal, and that of his brother, William.' There were, we 
learn elsewhere, three brothers, sons of John de West Swynburne, Nicholas. 
Alan, and William. The two latter had been 'parsons in Scotland,' and 
had acquired different properties ; then William resigned his churches 
and married.'- Alan was rector of Whitfield, in the Scottish franchise of 
Tyndale ; William had been rector of Fordun in Kincardineshire, and 
treasurer to Queen Margaret of Scotland. Among the other estates he 
acquired were Chollerton and Capheaton, which have ever since remained 
in his family.' 

Nicholas de Swynburne did not long survive the foundation of his 
chantry. On the 19th September, 1279, his daughters, Christiana and 
Juliana, with their respective husbands, Thomas de Fisseburn and Gilbert 
de Middleton, and their unmarried sister, Avicia, confirmed the endowment 
at West Swinburn, and Alice, his widow, expressly renounced any right of 
dower she might have in the lands assigned.'' Fisseburn and the other heirs 
further ordered their tenants William, son of Lawrence, Richard, son of 
Alan, Alan Quardelin, and Roger, son of Alice, to do fealty every year to 

' ' Xicholaus filius Johannis de West SwjTiebume fundebat cantar. ad altare Beatae Mariae Virginis in 
capella Beatae Mariae \'irginis in West Swyneburne. Et dedit {inter alia) Waltero de Albalanda capellano 
cantariae predictae 17 acras. et dimid. quas Robertus frater mens quondam tenuit in eadem villa. Carta 
sigillata cum sigillo dicti Nicholai et sigillo Willelmi fratis sui. Test. : dno Waltero de Swethop milite, 
Johanne de Gunwarton, Johanne de Swynburne, Johanna de Erington superiori, Nicholao de Yeteham, 
Johanne de Erington inferiori. Dat. 15 KaX. Maij, 127S.' Lansdowni: MS. 326, f. 133 ; Hodgson, Northum- 
berland, ■pt. ii. vol. i. p. 213 n. 

■ ' Fuerunt tres fratres, videlicet Nicholaus ante-natus et praedicti Alanus et Willelmus, etc., qui quidem 
Alanus et Willelmus fuerunt personae in Scocia et perquisiverunt diversa tenementa in partibus istis, etc. ; 
praedictus Willelmus postea resignavit ecclesias suas et duxit uxorem,' etc. Assize Roll, 21 Ed. I. 

^ For a sketch of the life of this Sir William of Swinburne see under Chollerton. 

' 'Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Thomas de Fisseburn et Cristiana uxor ejus, Gilbertus de 
Middleton et Juliana uxor ejus et Avicia sorer praedictarum Cristianae et Julianae salutem. Donacionem 
et concessionem terrarum, tenementorum et reddituum quam Xicholaus de Swinburne fecit domino Waltero 
capellano, ad sustentacionem suam et successorum suorum pro divinis celebrandis in capella Beatae Mariae 
de West Swynbum, pro nobis et heredibus nostris concedimus in perpetuum in omnibus sicut carta 
cyrographata dicti Nicholai penes dictum Walterum et successores suos remanens plcnius . . . . et 
testatur. Et ad instanciani nostram domina .\licia quae fuit uxor dicti Nicholai de Swinebum praedictam 
donacionem confirmando et accessionem (?) suam qiiani nomine dotis habuit vel habere potent a . . . am 
partem terrarum petendo dicto capellano et successoribus suis remanit quietum claniavit et se e.xclusit 
inperpetuuni. In cujus, etc. Data apud West Swyneburne die Martis proxima post exaltacionem sanctae 
crucis anno domino M.CC.LXX nono. Hiis testibus : dominis Willelmo de Swyneburne, Waltero de 
Swelhope, Roberto de Insula domino de Chippeches, militibus, Alano de Swyneburne, Nicholao de 
Yetham, Willelmo de Roucheclyve et aliis.' (Seals wanting.) Suinburne MSS. vol. i. p. iS ; Hodgson, 
Norlltumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 29 ; cf. Dodsiaorth MSS. xW. 57. 



Walter of Blanchland and his successors in the chaplaincy, who were 
entrusted with the custody of the foundation charter. At their request the 
widowed ' Lady Alice ' set her seal to this mandate. A postscript bade 
Nicholas, son of Hclias de Grimeshowe, do fealty to the chaplains.* 


Pagan de Wirecester, lord of West Swinburn, ii6S. 
Liber Niger. 

William de Wyrcestre. 

John de Wirecester; held West Swinburn, 1240. 
Testa de Nevill. 

John de Swyneburn, lord of West Swinburn, 1257. 
Inq.p.m. 42 Henry HI. 24. 

Godfrey de Swinburne; for whose house at West Swinburn 
Ralph de Gunnerton granted all his land in Swinburn 
and common of pasture and fuel on Gunnerton Moor. 

Alan de West Swyneburn. 

Alan, son of Alan de West Swyn- = Hodierna ; widow, 
burne, 1274. Assize Roll. I 1284. De Banco 

I Roll. 

. I 

Richard, son of Alan of West Swinburn and great grand- 
son of Godfrey de Swinburne, 1306. Assize Roll, 34 
Edward I. 

Robert ; 
ly dead 

Nicholas, son of 
John de West 
Swynburne ; 
founded chan- 
try there, 1278; 
died before 1279. 

Alicia ; 


Alan, rector of 
Whitfield, 1264; 
purchased Cap- 
heaton, 1274 ; 
still alive in 

Sir William de Swinburne ; lends = Margery 

three marks to Reginald Pratt, 
1251 ; confirmed in one-third 
of Haughton, etc., 1257 ; trea- 
surer to Margaret of Scotland, 
1259 ; rector of Fordun, 1260 ; 
acquired ChoUerton, 1269 ; 
died circa 1 2 89. 

Christiana ; = Thomas de Fisseburne ; 
married be- had free warren in 

fore 1279. West and East Swin- 

burn and Colwell, 
1292 ; senior, 1329. 

.1 I 

Juliana ; married (firstly), before Avicia ; 

1279, Gilbert de Middleton ; married, 

(secondly) before 1306, Aymer after 1279, 

de Rotherford ; as his widow, John 

'Juliana de Morilegh,' granted her Swayn. 
lands to her son John de Middle- 
ton at West Swinburn, 13 10. 

de Lucy 

Thomas de Fisseburn le Jouen, 1312. 

Sylian de Fisseburn Nouayn, 1312. Hodgson, 
Northumbcrlatui, part iii. vol. ii. p. 7. 

Alexander de Swinburne; 
granted Capheaton, 
then held for life by 
his uncle Alan, to his 
son William. Hodg- 
son, Northumberland, 
part ii. vol. i. p. 231 ; 
part iii. vol. ii. p. 7. 



Sir John de Fyssheburn ; gives William and Mary Acton his manor of West Swinburn, 1340. 

Cuthbert de Fyschebourne ; quit-claims all his rights in West Swinburn to Roger de Woderington, 1368. 

A partition of the manor between Nicholas de Swynburne's three 
heiresses was arranged in 1281. On Trinity Sunday, Robert, son of John of 
Swynburn, and Walter, son of Eustace, did homage to Thomas and Christiana 
de Fysseburne ; Roger, son of Alice and William, son of William of Swyn- 

' ' Omnibus, etc. Thomas de Fisseburne et Cristiana u.xor ejus, Gilbertus de Midiltoneet Juliana uxor 
ejus, at Avicia soror praedictarum, etc. Noveritis nos praecepisse Willelmo filio Laurencii, Ricardo filio 
Alani, Willelmo filio Ricardi, Alano Quardelinis, Rogero filio .Aliciae facere fidelilitatem domino Waltero 
de .Albalanda capcllano ct eius successoribus in capella de Westsuyneburne celebraturis ad fideliter 
reddendum annuum redditum dictis capellae et capellanis qui pro tempore fuerint per manus eorundem 
assignat. . . . Carta domini Nicholai de Suiyneburne penes praedictos capcllanos remanente. In 
cuius, etc. Et ad nostram instanciam domina Alicia quondam sponsa praedicti domini Nicholai huic 
scripto sigillum suum ;i|)i)osuit. Praeterea praeceptum est Nicholao filio Hcliae de Grimeshowe facere 
fidelitatem praedicto domino Waltero ct eius successoribus sicut et alii in isto scripto praenominati.' 
(Seals wanting.) Swinburne MSS. vol. i. p. i8 ; Hodgson, NorthiimberUind, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 30. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURX. 277 

burne, to Gilbert and Juliana de Middleton ; and Richard, son of Alan and 
William, son of Lawrence, to Avicia de Swynburne, in the form contained 
in a deed that was delivered to the safe keeping of Nicholas de Yetham.' 

Thomas de Fishburn obtained a grant of free warren in his demesne 
lands in West Swinburn, East Swinburn, and Colwell from Edward I. at 
Berwick, 30th June, 1292. No one was to enter them for the purpose of 
hunting, or to take any game from them except by Fishburn's leave, under 
pain of forfeiting;^ 10 to the king.- He was able to produce this at the great 
inquisition de quo warranto in the following year. It was found that he had 
made reasonable use of the right, and that he and his predecessors in title 
had possessed the power of seeing that the beer sold on their property was 
justly measured, though the penalties with which they enforced this were 
restricted to the imposition of small fines.^ 

By the time of the collection of the eleventh granted by the barons and 
knights of the shires in the parliament of 1295 towards the conquest of 
Scotland, Nicholas de Swynburne's second daughter, having lost her husband 
in 1 29 1, was known as 'the Lady Juliana'; her sister, Avicia, had married 
John Swayn,^ possibly the same as John de Faloudon. 

West Swyneburne Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

£ s. d. 

Summa bonorum Thomae de Fisseburne ... ... ... 5100 

Walteri capellani ... ... ... i o 10 

Alani Poste ... ... ... ... 2 16 10 

Dominae Julianae... ... ... ... 2 10 o 

Nicholai filii Eliae ... ... ... i 2 10 

Willelmi filii Baldwyni ... ... ... o 11 o 

Johannis de Faloudon 442 

Ricardi filii Alani ... ... ... ... 2 14 o 

Adae filii Matildae ... ... ... 1 10 8 

Willelmi de Rowley ... ... ... 154 

Summa tola hujus villae, ^^23 5s. 8d. Reddit unde domino regi, 42s. 4Ad. 

' The Ladv Juliana ' took for her second husband Avmer de Rotherford. 
She was again a widow in 13 10, when, passing Michaelmas at West Swin- 

' 'DieTrinitatis, anno graciae 12S1, Robertas filius Johannis de Swynburne et Walterus filius Eustachii 
fecerunt homagium Thomae de Fysseburne et Christianae uxori ejus ; et Rogerus filius Aliciae et Willelmus 
filius Willehni de Swynburne fecerunt honia;4ium .A^viciae sorori Christianae et Julianae de tenementis suis in 
West Swynburne, in forma contenta in quodam scripto tradito in custodiam Nicholai de Yetham per 
assensum omnium parcennariorum praedictorum ad custodiendum ad commoduni omnium parcennari- 
orum.' Lansdoji'iie MSS. 326, f. 150 a ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 356. 

^ Cal. Rot. Chart. 20 Ed. I. pt. i. No. 23 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 393. 

^ Placita de Quo Warranto, Northumberland, rot. 7 : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 167. 

■* Abbrev. Placit. ^^ and 34 Ed. 1. rot. 32 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 349. 



unde reg'x 

















1 1 








burn, she granted all her lands there to her son, John de Middleton.' The 
next year, at Martinmas, John regranted them to his mother for her life. 
Subsequently joining in his brother Gilbert's rebellion against Edward II., 
he was drawn and hung. He left no heir of his bodv.- His mother con- 
tinued to hold her third of West Swinburn till ist May, 1320, when, by the 
style of ' Juliana de Morilegh,' no doubt from residing at Moralee on the 
South Tvne, she sold her interest to William Thorald of Newcastle. The 
transaction attracted the notice of the authorities, and although this third 
of West Swinburn, owing to the Scottish ravages, was said to be worthless, 
notwithstanding that in time of peace it had been valued at £b 13s. 4d. a 
year, it was seized in the king's name as an escheat consequent on the 
treason of John de Middleton.-' 

Thomas de Fishburn had been accused by Roger Mauduit of taking 
from him Richard Middleton and four others whom he had made prisoners 
as they were burning and pillaging during a Scottish raid on Redpeth, near 
Haltwhistle, in 13 17. Fishburn sold Middleton to the king for £100, and 
let the others go their way.* By 1329 Thomas de Fishburne, senior, appears 
to have become possessed of the whole manor of West Swinburn. On 14th 
August he confirmed and gave to Sir Hugh, son of Alexander de Swinburne, 
chaplain, the messuage and lands which William of Blanchland, chaplain, 
lately deceased, held in West Swinburn, by the gift of Sir Nicholas, late 
lord of West Swinburn, for the purposes of a certain chantry in the chapel 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the town of West Swinburn, on condition of 
his praving for the souls of Nicholas and Thomas.* 

' ' Sciant praesentcs et futuri quod ego Juliana quondam uxor Aymari de Rotherford dedi, concessi at 
praesenti carta mca confirmavi Johanni de Middelton filio nieo omnes terras illas et tenementa quae et quas 
habeo vel Iiabui in villa de W'est Swynburn, habend. et tenend. dicto Johanni et heredibus suis de corpora 
suo legitime procreatis, de capitalibus dominis feodi, per servicia indc debita et consueta, cum omnibus 
libertatibus, pertinentiis ct aisiamcntis, videlicet in molendinis, in pasturis, in moris, in mariscis, in boscis, 
et in planis, dictis terris seu tenementis ubicumque pertincntibus, ita libere, quiete, bene, et in pace sicut 
antecessores niei unquam habuerunt vel habere potuerunt. Et si contingat quod praedictus Johannes sine 
hercde de corpore suo, etc., forte decesserit, quod absit, volo quod praedictae terrae et tenementa michi et 
heredibus meis vel ineis assignatis absque uUo impedimento revertantur. Et ego vero Juliana praedicta 
et heredes mei omnas praedictas terras et tenementa cum suis pertinentiis ut plene supradictuni est, prae- 
dicto Johanni et heredibus suis de se Icgalie procreatis contra omnes gentes et in omnibus warantizabimus 
et defendemus. In cujus rei testimonium huic praesenti cartae sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus : 
dominis Joh. de Swynburn, Ada et Roberto de eodem militibus, Nich. de Gunwarton, Ada de Vethani, 
Ricardo filio Alani de West Swynburn, Joh. da Faloudon, et aliis. Datum apud Swynburn West die 
Sancti .Michaelis Arch, anno Domini M°CCC''X°' Inq. ad q.d. 17 Ed. II. No. 73. 

" ' Et idem Johannes post modum pro felonia quam commisit adherendo Scotis inimicis et rebellibus 
domini regis tractus fuit et suspensus et obiit sine herede de corpore suo procreate' Inq. ad q.d. 17 Ed. 
II. No. 73. ^ ]hid. ' Cal. Doc. relating to Scotland : Bates, Nnrlhiimberlaiid, p. 157. 

^ 'Thomas de Eisheburne, senior, confimiavit et dedit domino Hugoni filio Alexandri de Swynburnc 
capellano unum mesuagium cum omnibus terris, etc., quae Willelmus de Blanchland capellanus nuper 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 279 

The next year Edward III. granted to William de Acton of Newcastle 
I toft and 3 acres in West Swinburn that had belonged to ' the traitor John 
de Middleton,' for ten years at an annual rent of 20s.' In the Subsidy Roll 
of 1335 William de Acton pays los. as the sole occupant of the place. On 
the marriage of his son, William, with Mary, daughter of Robert de Mus- 
grave of Newcastle, the latter, 29th November, 1339, settled on them and 
their issue all his lands and tenements in West Swinburn and East Swinburn, 
with common of pasture in Gunnerton.- The 6th of March following Sir 
John de Fvssheburn (jave to William and Marv Acton his manor of West 
Swinburn.'^ They, in their turn, levied a fine to Roger de Widdrington of 
the manor of West Swinburn with its appurtenances in East Swinburn ;^ and 
finallv, 8th December, 1368, Cuthbert de Fyschebourne quit-claimed to 
Widdrington all his right in the lands of Sir John, his father, in West Swin- 
burn and East Swinburn.' William de Nessefeld, the escheator, had taken 
into the king's hand certain lands of Widdrington's in West Swinburn, 
alleging them to have been the property of Richard, son of Alan, and that 
Richard had been implicated with Gilbert de Middleton. Edward III., 
however, restored them with other lands to Widdrington in 1358, on account 
of his good services." West Swinburn remained with Widdrington's heirs 
till 1695, and since 1777 it is again the property of his descendants. 

The first mention of the castle of Great Swinburn is the licence granted 
bv Edward III., i6th March, 1346, to Roger de Widdrington, to crenellate 
' mansum suum de West Swvnborn.'^ Roger Widdrington in 1343 had 
acquired certain lands from Gilbert de Colwell ; he was high sheriff of 

defunctus nuper tenuit et habuit in West Swyneburne, de dono doinini Xicliohii nuper domini de West 
Swyneburne pro quadam cantaria, etc., pro animabus dicti domini Nicholai nuper domini de West 
Swynbourn et dicti Thomae de Fishburne, etc. Dat. apud Gyseburn in vijjilia Assumpcionis Beatae 
Mariae, 1329. Test.: Joh.anne de \'aux, Willelmo de Tindale.' Lan%doxi'ne MSS. 326, fo. 1336; Dods- 
ti'orth MSS. xlv. p. 48 ; Hodgson, Sortkitmberlan.i, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 214 n. 

' Origiiialia, 4-5 Ed. III. rot. 2 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 307. 

■ Swinburne MSS. vol. ii. p. 16 ; Hodgson, Nortluimberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 32. 

' ' Johannes de Fyssheburne miles dedit Willelmo filio Willelmi de Acton et Mariae uxori ejus manerium 
suum de West Swynburne. Test.: Dno. Roberto Darrayns tunc vie. Korthumbriae, 14 Ed. III., 6 Man' 
Dodsworth MSS. xlv. 95. 

''Escript a Noefchastell sur Tyne le judy en le fest seint Michell I'arkangell I'an di grace I345-' 
Seal, 's. will'i ■ fil • will 'l ■ de • .\CT0N,' a cross between four lions passant gardant. Dodsuorth 
MSS. xlv. 101-108 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 252. 

' ' Ego Cuthbertus de Fyschebourne filius et heres Johannis de Fyschebourne militis dedi et quietum 
clamavi Rogero de Woderington domino de Woderington et heredibus suis totum jus quod habeo in 
omnibus terris quae fuerunt Johannis patris niei in West Swynburne et Est Swynburne. Dat. in festo 
concepcionis Beatae Mariae X'irginis, 136S. Test.: W. Heron, Joh. Heron, Rogero Heron, Johanne de 
Woderington militibus.' Dodsuvrth .MSS. .xlv. 956 ; Liinsdou-ne MSS. 326, f. 156 ; Hodgson, Northumber- 
land, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 234. « Cart. Rid. p. 87; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 361 n, 

' Pat. Roll, 20 Edw. III. pt. i. m. 5 ; Bates, Border Holds, vol. 1. p. 10. 


Nortluiniberland, 1 361 -1369, and warden of the Middle Marches, 1369- 
1371.' In the list of fortalices drawn up in 1415, the castle is entered as 
being in the possession of Sir John Widdrington - (Roger Widdrington's son 
and successor), who having attained the patriarchal age of 100 years died, 
1443, seised of the manor and vill of West Swynburn, the manor and vill of 
Colwell, and of lands in Little Swinburn and Gunnerton.' Mention is made 
of the wall surrounding the castle {muri ciraimdatitis castnim) in 1479.'' 
In the Great Survey of the Borders made by Sir Robert Bowes and Sir 
Ralph EUerker in 1541, it is said: 'At Mykle Swynburne hath bene a great 
towre of the inherytaunce of Sr. John Wetherington, knight, but all the 
rooffes and floores thereof bene decayed, and nothinge standinge but the 
walls.'* Fourteen years later, Sir John Widdrington, by indenture, dated 
23rd July, 1555, gave the castle and town of .Swinburn to his second son, 
Edward Widdrington, who died there, and to whose goods administration 
was granted at Durham, 6th March, 1577.'' Edward Widdrington's eldest 
son, Henry Widdrington, in 1592, succeeded his uncle, Sir Henry Wid- 
drington, but as the widow of the latter (who remarried the famous Sir 
Robert Carev) held Widdrington castle in dower, he continued to reside at 

This Henrv Widdrington was on ill terms with Lord Eure, the warden 
of the Middle Marches, and though he was knighted in 1597, 'disdainfully 
refused to live on his March,' and withdrew himself, making a declaration of 
the causes which moved him thereto.** He was arrested and sent to the 
bishop of Durham to be tried, and in him he found a friend, as he already 
had one in his kinsman. Sir Robert Carey, whose deputv he was." 

On the 30th November, 1596, Lord Eure, writing to Lord Burghley, 
complains of ' the disobedience of the race of Woddringtons openly shown 
by slanders on myself as the queen's officer, and their open bravadoes causes 
me to run a more quick course to punishment than I had determined, for on 
my first entry, finding great spirit in Henry Woddrington, I hoped to win 
him by imployments, love, and favors which turned to harm, he thinking 
his desert far surpassed them, contemning what I did, as the late earl of 
Huntingdon and Sir William Bowes, now living, know ; their pride is so 
high that now Roger, his brother, hath submitted himself prisoner to Sir 

' Hodgson, Norlhidiihcrltuid, pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 233, 234. ' Bates, Border Holds, vol. i. p. 15. 

^ Hodgson, Northumherlaud, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 334. * Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 35. 

° Bates, Border Holds, vol. i. p. 47. * Raine, Test. Dunelm. ' Hodgson, Northiiinberland, pt. ii. 

vol. ii. pp. 236, 237. » Border Papers, Bain, vol. ii. pp. 479, 596. " Ibid. 184. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 28 1 

Robert Kerr, and gone to Scotland without my leave, against my command, 
to her majesty's dishonour." 

Roger Widdrington had little choice in the matter of submitting himself 
prisoner, for on the night of Friday, 27th August, 1596, Sir Robert Kerr of 
Cessford (who only three days before had, by deputy, made a ' fayer showe ' 
at the dav of truce kept at Cocklaw, on the Border, where business had 
been done) broke into Swinburn castle and ' sownding his trumpett upon 
the topp of the house, when he had taken his pleasure, went his way ' 
with one James Young, alias James of the Coave, a prisoner in hold 
there. The latter had been committed to the keeping of Widdrington 
by Ralph Selby of the East Marches, without the knowledge or leave of 
Eure, the warden of the Middle Marches. 'This, with a private quarrel 
between him (?>., Widdrington) and Kerr begun in Sir John Forster's time, 
is the alleged cause of Sir Robert's .... contemptuous and insolent 
acte.' In this assault, Kerr had taken prisoner and released on parole 
Roger Widdrington (Henry's brother) 'tying him to his enteric by promise 
of his hande."" To save his life, Ralph Widdrington, the youngest brother, 
' lept out of his chamber windowe, being three stories highe, upon a pave- 
ment, where he was almost bruzed to death and hardlie escaped.'^ The ill 
blood between Henry Widdrington and Kerr culminated in 1599 in a 
challenge from the latter to meet him on ' Fryday morning next, being the 
7th of September, God willing, att the Hayr Craggs in the March betwen 
England and Scotland by eight howers in the morning, with a short 
sword and a whyniard, with a steel bonet and plate sieves, without any 
more weapons offensive or defensive.''' 

On the 17th October, 1605, Sir Henry Widdrington made a settlement 
of the manor and demesne of Swinburn upon his issue male, but before he 
made his will on the 12th September, 1623, he granted to his daughters a ten 
years' lease of Swinburn, Tone, and Colwell.^ 

The tower which witnessed the stirring episode narrated is traditionally 
said to have stood on the lawn, but it is more probable that its actual site is 
occupied by a portion of the west wing of the present house. If this be so, it 
would be attached to the long, narrow building, erected about 1600, which 
stands on the edge of the dene through which runs the Swin burn. This 
building is two storeys high, and its east front has a series of nine windows 

1 Border Papers, Bain, vol. ii. p. 226. = Ibid. pp. 184, 187. ^Ibid. p. 480. ■■ Ibid. p. 622. 

^ Hodgson, Nortliumbcrland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 254. 

Vol. IV. 36 



on the upper floor, the origuial chamfered jambs, head, and label moulding 
of which still remain, but the mullions have given place to wooden sashes. 

On the ground floor 
the windows are all 
modernised. A door 
probably occupied a 
central position on 
this front. On the 
west side of the build- 
ing, the windows had 
originally mullions 
and transoms ; they 
have suffered much 
alteration. The mas- 
sive chimney stacks 
with their numer- 
ous splayed off"sets, 
shown in the sketch, 
form a picturesque 
group. An outer door 
on the ground floor 
opens into a room, 
once a brew house, 
and over it was a 
room which, until 1841, was used as a domestic chapel; the latter was 
reached by a flight of stone steps, and access obtained through the opening, 
now a window. Another wing at right angles to the last is now used as 

offices:' on one of the door-heads is the date 1728, and the initials R- 

' . T. M. 

for Thomas and Mary Riddell. 1728. 

The old castle of Swinburn was pulled down by Thomas Riddell" (who 

married the only daughter and heiress of Ralph Widdrington of Felton), and 

in its place he built the house, of which Hutchinson, writing in 1776, says: 

' See illustration on opposite page. 

' The family tradition is that the central part of the present house was built in the time of Queen 
Anne by Thomas Riddell, yet the followinj( statement made by Wallis, who wrote in 1769, must be 
regarded as decisive: 'Mr. Riddell, the present possessor of Swinburn castle, married the daughter and 
sole heir of the late Horsley Widdrington of Felton, esq. His scat at Swinburn is of his own erection, 
out of the ruins of the old castle, after a very neat design.' Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 66. The wings 
were added in 1771. Ex. inf. Mrs. J. G. Riddell. Lying in the garden is an old sun-dial, on which cw 
be read the date, 1686, and the word Deflcdimus. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 


The modern seat of Mr. Riddell which arose from the ruins of Swinbum castle, an elegant stone 
building, covered with woods . . . commands an extensive view, but it is over an open and iU-fenced 
tract. He is making rapid progress in the cure of this defect, and multitudes of quick fences and planta- 
tions are arising, which in a few years will extinguish the disagreeable traces of that hostility and 
devastation which before the union marked this country with the melancholy memorials of warfare ; and 
in their place give to the eye all the charms of rural opulence.' 

The house has an extensive prospect to the south, and is sheltered from 
the north-east, north, and north-west by plantations and woods of beech, elm, 
and other hard wood timber. 

The ancient chantry chapel of the Blessed Virgin seems to have stood 
at the west end of the village on the south side of the road, opposite to 
the north-east corner of the curtain wall of the castle. It was probably 
destroyed during the Scottish wars, though a messuage on its site continued 
to be held, by homage and fealty, of the prior and convent of Hexham. The 
heir of Roger Widdrington had it in 1479 at a rent of 3s. paid in kind. It 
had been formerly held by Adam Scibald.^ 

At the north-east end of the hamlet is a Roman Catholic chapel, erected 
in 1 841 by the late Mr. Thomas Riddell.^ 

' Northumberland, vol. i. p. 178. - Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 35. 

* The following are the names of the successive chaplains : The Revs. Nicholas Saunderson, S.J., 
1773 ("ho died at Alnwick in 1790, aged 60) ; Jas. Higginson, 1828 ; Peter AUanson, 0.S.15., 182S-1875 
(died at Swinbum, and was buried at Ampleforth) ; Glassbrook, 1875-1S76; Hergeroether, 1876-1S82; the 
Rev. Raphael Nenci, D.D., the present chaplain, has in his official charge tlie Capheaton register of 
baptisms, 1774-1785, and the Swinburn register, which begins in 1S28. The chapel is registered for 
marriages.. Cf. London Ga::ettc, 23rd Februarj', 1883. 




Arms : Argent, a /esse between three garhs azure. 
Crest : A demi-Uon erminois, holding a garli azure. 


Thomas Riddell of Newcastle ; 
mayor 1510, 1521, 1526 ; died 
... : buried in St. Nicholas'. 

Eleanor, daughter of Ralph Claxton 
of Wyiiyard ; remarried Edward 
Swinburn, who was mayor of 
Newcastle in 1528. 

Peter Riddell of Newcastle, merchant adventurer ; will 
dated 5th November, 1558 (^e) ; 'to be buried in St. 
Nicholas' church where his father lay with solemn 
air and dirge'; mentions sister Shaftoe's children ; 
enrolled at Durham by grandson William (son of 
Peter), loth Jan., 1618. 

Dorothy, daughter of John 

Anne, daughter = William Riddell of Newcastle, son and heir, 
and heiress merchant adventurer ; mayor of Newcas- 

and heiress 
of William 
Lawson of 

merchant adventurer ; mayc 
tie, 15S2, 1590, 1595 ; will dated 27th 
Aug., 1600 (»0 ; buried 31st Aug., 1600 
(h;). ' 1 geve to William Ryddell an old 
ryall for a token, and I piay him help 
my children withe his counsell, as my 
trust is in him.' Will of Alderman Ric. 
Hodgson, 1 58 1. 

Barbara, daughter of Bertram 
Anderson of Newcastle, mer- 
chant and alderman. ' To 
Barbara Riddell my stand- 
inge gilded cuppe with the 
cover, having the picter of 
PauU on the said cover.' 
WW of Barbara Totnlinson, 
1577; died nth Nov., 1627; 
buried in St. Nicholas'. 

Thomas Riddell ; 
apparently edu- 
cated for the 
priesthood ; 
died s.p. 

Peter Riddell of Newcastle. ' I doe geve unto Peter Ryd- = Eleanor, daughter 
dell one angell for a token, and to his sister Eleoner I of John Swin- 
Lawes an angell for a token, for ther father's sake and 
other ther ancestors, by whom I have beene preferred in 
my youthe.' Will of Alderman Richard Hodgson, 1581. 
Buried in St. Nicholas', 22nd June, 1606. 

burn of New- 

I I I I 

Eleanor ; married Henry 

Catherine ; married An- 
thony Lawes. 

Elizabeth ; living 1558. 

Mary ; living 1558. 

Henry Riddell, 
baptised nth 
July, 1574; 
will dated 4th 
Nov., 1597. 

Isabel, daughter of ... 
Atkinson of New- 
castle, merchant and 
alderman ; married 
19th December, 1603 ; 
buried in St. Nicholas', 
I2th Oct., 1614 (w). 

Sir Peter Riddell, knight, baptised 8th Jan., 
1575/6 (/«) ; admitted to Hoastman's 
company, 1602 (<?) ; knighted 4th .May, 
1617 {/) ; mayor of Newcastle, 1619, 
1635 ; M.P. for Newcastle, 1624, 1626, 
1628, 1640 ; died 14th .April, 1641 ; buried 
in St. George's porch in St. Nicholas'.* 

Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Surtees of Middleton (f) ; 
married 6th Feb., 1615/6 ; 
buried in St. George's 
porch in St. Nicholas', 
15th May, 1660 (^g). 

William Riddell of Queen's college, O.xon. ; matriculated 
nth Oct., 1622, aged 16 (/). 

George, baptised 9ihOct., 15S0; living 1627. 
John, baptised 6th June, 1585 (»;)• 
Robert, baptised and buried 1582 (jn). 
Michael, baptised 30th Sept., 1583; buried 
17th Sept., 1613 (»»). 

William Riddell, 
baptised 28th 
March, 1578/9. 


Robert Riddell, 
baptised 15th 
Nov., 1590; 
buried nth 
April, 1635. 

Jane, daughter of 
... Cole; married 
4th Sept., 1621 ; 
buried i6thSept., 
1 65 1 («0- 

Alice, baptised 
nth March, 
15S7/S ("'); 
married Rob- 
ert Delaval. 

Sir Thomas Riddell of Gateshead house, knight, son and heir ; admitted = Elizabeth, daughter o( Sir John 

to Hoastman's company, 1602 {e) ; knighted 1603 ; mayor of New- 
castle, 1604, 1616 ; M.P. for Newcastle, 1620, 162S ; died 30th March, 
1650, aged 82 ; buried ist April, in St. Nicholas' (.f). 

Conyers of Sockburn, knight; 
buried 3rd Jan., 163 1/2 («)• 

Sir William Riddell of Gateshead^ son and heir ; of University college, Oxon. ; 
matriculated 2nd Dec, 1614 ; of Lincoln's Inn, 1623 (/) ; knighted 17th 
July, 1633 ; buried 21st Jan., 1654/5, in St. Nicholas', Newcastle. 

Katherine, daughter of Sir Henry Wid- 
drington of Widdrington ; buried in 
St. Nicholas', 2lst Aug., 1658 {ni). 

(e) Welford, Newcastle and Gateshead. (g) Wei ford, Monuments of .St. Nicholas. 

(J~) Foster, Alumni Oxonienses. ('") Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. pp. 128, 129. 

* .*\n armorial panel remains in the south transept of St. Nicholas' church. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 


Isabel, daughter and co- 
heir of Robert Wyld 
of Hunton hall, co. 
Ebor.; articles before 
marriage 27th Nov., 
1660 (i); buried 12th 
July, 1663. 

William Riddell of Gates- = Margaret 

head ; buried in St. 
Nicholas', 28th Dec, 
1698 ; will dated 
April, 1697 (»«). 


buried 6th 
Oct., 1677 

I M I I I 

Thomas, living 1660 (.f). 
Henry, living 1678 (j). 
Robert, living 1678 (j). 
Katherine, living 1678 (i). 
Jane, living 1710 (s). 
Margaret, living 1710 (s). 

Jane, born Nov. 1661 (s) ; married Mark 
Riddell, sixth son of Thomas Riddell 
of Fenham ; living 1697. 

William Riddell of Gates- 
head ; buried 20th Mar., 
1710/11, s/i. (ot). 

Catherine, baptised 7th Oct., 
1666 ; will dated 26th Oct., 
1750 ; proved 175 1. 

Sir Thomas Riddell of Fenham, recorder of Newcastle, = Barbara, daughter of Sir Alex- 
governor of Tynemouth castle, and colonel of a regi- ander Davison of Blakiston 
ment of Foot in the service of Charles I. ; knighted and Newcastle, and widow 
1639; married 13th April, 1629; died at Antwerp in | of Ralph Calverley (g) ; 
April, 1652, and was buried in the church of St. Jaques ' buried in St. Nicholas', 15th 
there ; administration 27th May, l65i. 1 July, 1673 (w)- 

Peter Riddell of Queen's 
college, Oxon. ; matri- 
culated 19th May, 1620, 
aged 17 ; a student of 
Lincoln's Inn, 1623 

George Riddell of Queen's 
college, Oxon. ; matri- 
culated 22nd Oct., 1628, 
aged 19 ; B.A., 1628 ; 
B.C.L., 1630; D.C.L., 
1635 (/) ; judge-advo- 
cate in the army of 
William, marquis of 
Newcastle ; died at the 
siege of Hull, Sept., 

Jane, daugh- 
ter and 
CO -heiress 
of Dr. 
of York. 

I I . I I I .1 I 
Robert Riddell, = Magdalen Ephraim, Anne; married Sir John Clav- 

baptised 17th ... ; a baptised ering of Callaly. 

Mar., 1612 ; on French nth Elizabeth; buried 7th March, 

2Sth Dec, 1629, lady. Dec, 1606/7 (m) ; died unmar- 

was bound ap- 1615 ried. 

prentice for (m). Margaret; married Sir Francis 

seven years to Radcliffe of Coastley. 

Thomas Man of Eleanor, baptised 8th .May, 

Durham, drap- 1610 (/«) ; died unmarried, 

er ("0 i living Jane; married John Forcer of 

1660. Harbour house, CO. Durham. 

Thomas Riddell, M.D., born before 1660 (s), of St. An- 
drew, Holbom ; will dated 29th Nov., 1714 ; proved 
at Prerogative court, Canterbury, 6th Aug., 1715(0). 

. , sister of 

George Riddell 
living 1714. 


Williarn Riddell, only surviving child ; 
died shortly after father. 

Thomas Riddell of Fenham and of = Mary, daugh- 

Swinburn castle, son and heir, 
baptised 17th June, 1632 (m) ; 
educated at the English college, 
Rome, and at Paris ; was 32 years 
of age when he entered his pedi- 
gree at the Herald's Visitation of 
1666 ; buried in St. Nicholas', 26th 
Mar., 1 704 ^^administration granted 
23rd June, 1704 (^). 

ter of Ed- 
ward Grey 
of Bitch- 
field and 

I I Mill!. 

Ralph, baptised Barbara, baptised 15th Nov., 1630 (»0. 

1636; buried Ann, baptised 21st June, 1632 (m) ; mar- 

1637 (»;). ried Francis Tunstal of Ovington, 

Alexander, bap- co. Ebor. 

tised 28th Elizabeth, baptised 25th Sept., 1634 (/«) ; 

Dec, 1636 married Ralph Wilson of Hartlepool, 

(m). CO. Durham. 

Margaret, baptised 6th April, 1639 (m) ; 

a nun at Pontoise ; living 1666. 
Jane, baptised 4th June, 1641 (»>). 
Eleanor, baptised 8th July, 1643 (ra). 

I I 
Thomas Riddell, son and 

heir ; was 10 years of 

age in 1666 ; died 

before 1693. 
William Riddell ; was 

aged 8 years in 1666 ; 

dead before 1693. 

Edward Riddell of Fenham 
and of Swinburn castle ; 
was 6 years of age in 
1666 ; buried 22nd March, 
1722 (a) ; administration 
19th Aug., 1731 (;>). 

Dorothy, daughter of Robert 
Dalton of Thurnham, Lan- 
cashire ; articles before 
marriage, dated 25th 
April, 1693 ; buried 25th 
Jan., 1720/1 (<;). 

Alexander ; buried at St. 
.^ndrew's, 12th May, 
1663 (m). 

John ; buried at St. An- 
drew's, 26th Sept., 
1672 (»/). 

(a) CholUrton Register. 
(/) Foster, A lumni Oxonienses. 
ii) Welford, iJonuinenIs nf St. Nicholas. 
(j) Case, prepared for counsel, relating to Gateshead 

(«;) Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. pp. 128, 129. 
(o) -Mr. J. G. Riddell's Title Dreds. 
(^f) Sharp. Test. Dunehn. 
colliery, circa i-oo; original with .Mr. Richard Welford. 




Mark Riddell of Hunton, 
Ebor. jure uxoris, aged 
I year in 1666 ; was sent 
abroad to be educated, 
for which offence his fa- 
ther was presented loth 
June, 16S1 (/i) ; died 
at Morpeth ; will dated 
7th Oct., 1721 ; proved 
13th March, 1731 (/>). 

Jane, daughter 

of William 
Riddell of 
Gateshead ; 
married be- 
fore 1st May, 
1695 (x) ; 
sole execu- 
trix to hus- 
band's will. 


Thomas Riddell; Margaret Riddell of Newcastle; aged 5 years in 

living 1709. 1666 ; will dated 6th Nov., 1732 (/>). 

William RidJell Elizabeth ; aged 10 months in .August, 1666 ; mar- 

of Swinburn ; ried William Shafto of Little Bavington. 

buried 20th Anne Riddell of Fenham ; buried in south alley of 

Oct., 1735 (n); St. Andrew's church, 8th Oct., 1702 ; will dated 

will dated 5th 2gth Dec, 1700 (;>). 

March, 1727 Mary Riddell of Newcastle ; will dated 14th Nov. 

(")■ 1747; proved 175° (/■)■ 

Edward Riddell of Newcastle, son and heir ; living 1721. An attorney in = 
Newcastle, who in 1723 was tried for killing Captain Lilburn in a duel 
in the Nuns' garden. Buried in St. Nicholas', 13th March, 1723/4. 


Thomas Riddell of Newcastle, only son ; living 1765 ; ? [died at his 
house in Newgate Street, i8th May, 1777] (r). 

Thomas Riddell of = Marv, daughter of 

Swinburn castle, son 
and heir ; buried 
loth March, 1754 
(a) ; will dated 4th 
Dec, 1753 ; proved 
27th March, 1754. 

William Widdring- 
ton of Cheeseburn 
Grange ; bond of 
marriage, 5th June, 
1726 ; buried loth 
April, 1 75 1 (a). 

Robert Riddell ; in 1715 
professed at the Bene- 
dictine monastery of 
Lambspring, in West- 
phalia ; administration 
granted 3rd April, 1760, 
to Ralph Riddell, the 
nephew (0). 

Edward ; buried 4th Feb., 
16989, in the south 
alley of St. Andrew's 
church. Newcastle. 

Edward Riddell ; in 17 19 
professed at Lambspring; 
administration granted 
3rd April, 1760. 


Dorothy ; 
5th Sept., 


Thomas Riddell 
of Swinburn 
castle, son and 
heir, baptised 
7th Dec, 1727 
(rt); will dated 
29th March, 

178(9) (?) ; 

proved 1789. 

Elizabeth Margaret, 
daughter and heiress 
of Edward Horsley 
Widdrington of 

Longhorsley and 
Felion ; mar. settle- 
ment, 14th Aug., 
1760(0); died at Fel- 
loe, 4th April, 179S. 

I I 
Ralph Riddell of Cheese- 
burn Grange. 

(From whom Riddell of 
Cheeseburn Grange.) 
Edward Riddell of Swin- 
burn ; buried 4th April, 
1766 (a) ; will dated 
29th March, 1766 (/). 


Elizabeth ; buried ist July, 1737 (a). 
Dorothy ; sole executri.x to brother Edward. 
-Mary, baptised gth June, 1728 (a) ; married 

James Maxwell of Kirkconnel ; died 23rd 

Dec, 1805, aged 81 ; buried at New 

Barbara ; married ... Nelson of Fairhurst. 

Thomas Horsley Widdring- 
ton Riddell of Swinburn 
castle and Felton, born 
4th Oct., 1762 (a) ; died 
24th Nov., 1798 ; buried 
at Chollerton ; will dated 
24th Sept., 1798 (0). 

Margaret, daughter of 
William Salvin of 
Croxdale ; articles 
before marriage 
14th April, 1790 
(0) ; married 19th 
April, 1790. 

Edward Horsley Widdring- = Isabella, daughter of William 

ton Riddell of Horsley Salvin ; remarried at St. 

and Felton, born 23rd Martin's, York, 9th May, 

June, 1766 (a); married 1803, Ralph Riddell of 

20th June, 1792 ; died Cheeseburn Grange. 
s.p. 26th Jan., 1793, at 

Thomas, only child ; died in 
father's lifetime. 

Ralph Riddell of Horsley and 
Felton, born 9th Nov., 1770 
(a) ; succeeded to Swinburn 
castle at death of brother 
Thomas ; died 9th March, 

Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Blount 
of Maple Durham ; articles before 
marriage, 22nd July, 1801 («) ; 
married 23rd July, 1801 ; died 
at Leamington, 6th July, 1849, 
aged 71. 

I I I I I 

Dorothy ; buried loth Feb., 1765 (a). 

Juliana, born 19th June, 1769 (a) ; died 181 2. 

Anne Catherine, born 24th Nov., 1 771 (a) ; 
married at Felton, 25th Nov., 1792, Sir 
Walter Blount of Sodington. 

Mary, born 27th July, 1761 (a) ; died un- 
married, loth .March, 1833. 

Elizabeth, born 5th July, 1762 (a) ; married 
John Clifton of Lytham ; articles before 
marriage, dated 14th Nov., 17S5 (0). 

(a) Chollerlon Register. (0) Mr. J. G Riddell's Title Deeds. 

(K) Surtees Soc. vol. 40, p. ... (/) Sharp, Test. Dunelm. 

(m) Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. pp. 128, 129. \r) Newcastle CAi onule, }'\^y, 1777. 

(i) Case, prepared for counsel, relating to Gateshead colliery, circa 1700 ; original with Mr. Richard Welford. 

WEST (or great) SWINBURN. 


Mary, daughter of 
William Throck- 
morton ; married at 
Coughton court, 
Alcester, 15th Oct., 
1827 ; died at Paris, 
4th June, 1843; bur. 
at Montmorency. 

Thomas Riddell of Swin- 
burn castle and Fel- 
ton ; bom 18th May, 
1802 ; died 5th April, 
1870 ; buried in the 
chapel he had founded 
at Felton. 

Laura Ann, daughter of Sir 
Thomas de Trafford, 
bart. ; married at Roman 
Catholic chapel, Barton- 
on-Irwell, 4th Sept., 
184; ; died at Birkdale, 
l6th May, 1877. 

Edward Wid- 
drington Rid- 
dell; born 4th 
Sept., 1803 ; 
died 30th 
Oct., 1870. 

Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Thomas 
Stapleton of 
Carlton ; mar- 
ried 1st July, 
1830; died 27th 
April, 1872. 

Laura Elizabeth, bom 14th Aug., 1846 ; 
died 23rd May, 1858. 

William Riddell, born 5th 
Feb., 1807 ; in 1843 ap- 
pointed vicar apostolic of 
Northern District, and in 
1844 consecrated bishop 
of Largo in partihus in- 
fidflium ; died 2nd Nov., 
1847, at Newcastle. 


I I 

Henry Mathias Riddell, barris- = 
ter-at-law, born 24th Feb., 
1 81 5; died nth March, 1895. 

Charles Francis Riddell of 
He.xham, born 1st Oct., 
1817; died 15th Sept., 1887; 
buried at Roman Catholic 
chapel, He.xham. 

Mary T., daughter of 
Richard Gi How of Leigh- 
ton hall. Com forth. 
Mary Catherine, daughter 
of Michael Blount of 
Maple Durham; died at 
Hexham, 12th June, 

Eliza Ann ; died 27th Nov., 
1878, aged 73 ; buried at 
Roman Catholic chapel, 


Louisa ; died at the Eng- 
lish convent, Paris, Aug., 

Juliana Frances ; died in 

Thomas William Charles Rid- 
dell of Swinbum castle and 
Felton; born 14th Oct., 1828; 
died at Barcelona, 24th May, 
1867, s.p.m. 

= Lady Henrietta 
Plunket, daugh- 
ter of Arthur, 
ninth earl of 

Mary Sapelier ; 
married, 1854; 
died J./. 1865. 

John Gifford Rid- 
dell of Swin- 
bum castle and 
Felton, born 
loth Jan., 1830. 

Mary Riddell, only child, married, 30th 
June, 1896, Edmund Stonor of Ascot. 

Victoria Henrietta, 
daughter of Peter 
Purcell of Halvers- 
town ; married 20th 
Sept., 1866. 

I I I 
Walter, born 17th July, 1831 ; died ... , 1861. 
Robert, born 24th Aug., 1832 ; died 15th Sept., 

Edward, born ... Jan., 1S36 ; died ... Jan., 1851. 

I I I 
Frances Mary ; married Jan., 1866, John Joseph 

Teresa Elizabeth, a nun ; died in 1890. 
Genrade .Mary ; married firstly John Errington and secondly 

Colonel Langley, and died nth Dec, 18S6. 

Cuthbert David ^ Mary, daughter of Lord Robert 
Gifford Riddell, Montague ; married at the Ora. 

son and heir. tory, Brompton, August, 1896 ; 

died 14th June, 1897. 

Thomas. Laura. 

Edward. Mary ; died 4th March, 1895. 


Note. The following pedigree was registered by the Heralds at St. George's Visitation of Durham in 1615 : 

Dukentinus de RiddeU = 




Palricius de Riddell = 

Waller de Riddell = 


WUUim Riddell ; died 4 Edoard III. 

I I I 
Isabella : married Allan Clavering. 
Constance ; married John Kingston. 
Joan; married GeiBrd Widdrington. 


Hugh RiddeU (or Thomas in some) = 

Thomas Riddell = 
Thomas Riddell ; made his will 1358. 32 Edward III. 

Thomas Riddell -- 

. daughter and co-heiress of . 

John Riddell; sheriff of Newcastle, 1478 = 

Thomas Kiddell ; mayor of Newcastle = Eleanor, daughter of Ralph Claxton ofWynyaid. 

Peter Riddell ; died s^. 
C/. ' The RiddeU BuUs," Bates, Arch. Ad. vol. xii. p. 30D n. Wclford, .\ataisUt and Gattihtad, vol. iii. pp. 377, 378. 


Evidences to Riudell Pedicreb. 

In 1649, Sir Thomas Riddell, sen., and Sir William Riddell, his son, petitioned to tie allowed to compound for 
their estates. Sir Thomas was fined (at one-sixth) /408, and in the following year his wife, Dame Barbara Riddell 
'begs an order (which was granted) for one-fifth of her husband's sequestrated estate, being reduced to great want and 
misery for lack thereof.' 

1651, 20th December. Declaration of Thomas Riddell on entering the English college at Rome : ' My name is 
Thomas Riddell. I am son of Thomas Riddell of Durham, where I was born. As a boy I lived at home, but in my 
youth among various uncles in the country, and the last three years I spent at /Xntwerp. My father (like both my 
grandfathers) is a knight, with a rental of some ;^l,ooo a year. I have no brother, but four sisters, of whom my three 
youngest are still Protestants. I have studied in various places in England, and for the last two years in the college 
of the Society of Jesus, at Antwerp. I was a Protestant until my 15th year ; then, crossing over to my father, who 
had a little before been converted to the faith in Belgium, I was instructed by him. My father wished me to seek 
admission to this seminary for the sake of my education.' Thomas Riddell left Rome for Paris, 7th .April, 1654. 
Foley, Reccrds of the English Province S.J. vol. v. p. 659. 

1653, 8th Sept. Sir William Riddell begs the benefit of the Act of Pardon, as not being sequestrated before 
1st Dec, 1651, and having kiken the engagement. 

William Riddell of Gateshead, eldest son of Sir William Riddell, obtained with his wife Isabel, daughter and 
co-heir of Robert Wyld of Hunton, the estates of Ketton and Chilton ; but, after her early death (being involved in 
money transactions with the Milbanks, to whom he owed considerable sums) he obtained the assent of his mother- 
in-law, Mrs. Wyld, to sell these estates. The following letter, from Mr. Richard Welford's Collection, addressed to 
Mrs. Wyld by Ralph Clavering of Callaley, discloses the negotiation : 

Madam, Callaley, August 28th, 1663. 

This comes not to renew your grief for that unfortunate revolution which happened lately at Gateshead, but to 
congratulate the satisfaction you receive in the fruition of the pretty little pledge God Almighty hath given you instead 
of your daughter. For her must the common care now be, though her father and you be principally concerned therein ; 
yet give me leave, as not disinterested in her, to offer my advice. I perceive that ^^5,000 was discourst of to be her 
fortune out of the father's estate in case Ketton or Chilton were by him disposed of, which, if both sold, would to a 
farthing yield but JfTiSoo, so that ;^2,200 would only remain to him. Out of the many arguments that might be used 
on his behalf 1 shall propound this only : that he hath paid, and is to pay to yourself, /"500 ; to Mr. Tankerd, ;^300 ; 
to pious uses, ^^300; to Atkinson, £2O0\ to your daughter Barbary's funeral, £1^0, as I remember, which, in all, is 
jf 1,450. To this add the /200 yearly rent to Mrs. Bulmer, and the ;^I0 rent to the other old gentlewoman, which, if 
reckoned but at four years' value for their lives, would amount to ;^840. There are, besides, some arrears due to Mrs. 
Bulmer's children ; all which, added together with the ;^5,ooo now demanded, would make him much a loser by his 
match, his only benefit being that the child's present maintenance will not amount to the interest of the ;f 5,000. I 
am confidently assured 'tis not your design to make him worse than you found him. .'\gain, I remember )'ou told me 
at Gateshead all happiness did not consist in the greatest fortunes. I intend not to trouble your repose with over- 
grown letters, verily believing, upon consideration of the whole matter, your serious thoughts will conclude ^"3,000 
enough for her to have, and him to give, and in all things else there will be no hesitation. Let this, I pray, present 
you and my wife's best service and assurance that my best wishes and ready assistance shall never be wanting to you 
and your sweet little one, as becomes hers, and, madam, your most affectionate kinsman and servant, 

Ra. Clavering.' 

1717, 26th April. Register of the estate of Edward Riddell of Swinburn castle, esq. : The manor of Great 
Swinburn, mansion and appurtenances in my own possession. The East farm of the said lordship let to 4 tenants 
by me under the yearly reserved rent of ;f 95 and i goose and i hen, and lessees obliged every year to lead 20 waine 
loads of coals to the manor house of Swinburn for my use. No fine taken for the lease. The Low farm of Swinburn 
let to 3 tenants at ;^I30 rent. Water corn mill, let at /20 a year. Coldwell demesne, held by Jasper Hall, gent., 
and the North pasture, part of Swinburn demesne, part of the hamlet of Coldwell at the yearly reserved rent of 
/220 for 32 years, commencing May, 1717. No fine taken for lease. The Well houses, let to 3 tenants on lease 
commencing -May, 1717, at/130 a year. No fine taken for lease. Coltcraig, in the parish of ChoUerton, leased for 
9 years from May, 1715, for 3 past years ^50 and the remaining £(>% a year. No fine paid for lease. The coal mines 
opened and unopened in the manor of Fenham, leased by me to Mr. Bowman, merchant, and John Hebdon, since 
deceased, for 21 years, commencing Nov. 20th, 17 14, reserving the annual rent of ;^20O, which is after the rate of 
13s. 4d. per ten for 300 tens of ship coals, and for every ten over 300 13s. 4d., and for every tenn of pann coals yearly 
rent of los. a tenn. The said John Hebdon, by indenture 26th Feb., 1714, at my request assigned to Jasper Hall in 
trust for me one moiety of the said coal mines. The said colliery is unwrought, and no reserve rents paid. In all 
the said premises I have an estate only for life. 

' Case, prepared for counsel, relating to Gateshead colliery, ctrca 1700; original with Mr. Richard Welford, 


Incumbrances on said estate : The said lands, etc. (the coal mines excepted), are subjected to a forfeited mort- 
gage, mortgagee in possession, on which is due for principal and interest £2,^^^. My sisters' portions ^Sj^, 
annuities ;f70, coal mines to my sisters' fortunes charged with ;f 1,000 and annuities of .^80. The lands and coal 
mines also charged with ^1,500, a portion for my daughter ; and they are also charged with ;^3,ooo. jC3A77 's- lod- 

Gerry Wear holds the farmhold called Crookden, in the parish of Kirkwhelpington, under me at £$0 a year, 
in which last-mentioned premises I have an estate of 99 years if William Fenwick, gent., soe long lives.' 

1717, 26th April. Register of the estate of William Riddell of Swinburn castle: An annuity of £iO, 
secured by indenture in five parts, dated 25th April, 1693, made between Thomas Riddell, esq., of Swinburn 
castle and others, declaring the uses of a Common Recovery of all the castle, manor, etc., of Swinburn, the lordship 
of Coldwell, and the Well houses with the tenements called Colt Crag and Kelly Quarter, whereby it is declared that 
I, the said William Riddell, should yearly after the death of my father, the said Thomas Riddell, have the annuity of 
jf 50 during my life out of the said land. 

1717/8, 20th Feb. Register of the estate of George Riddell of London, gent. : A rent charge of .^20, granted 
by his late father, Thomas Riddell, 25th April, 1693, by the same instrument.' 

' Register of Roman Catholic Estates n Ith clerk of the peace. 


The hamlet of ColwelP is about a mile to the east of Great Swinburn, 
and consists of two lines of houses running east and west, which stand on 
natural terraces facing each other