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History of Northumberland 


The Parish of Bywell St. Peter 
The Parish of Bywell St. Andrew 

With Blanchland 

The Chapelry or Parish of Slaley 






6 TO 


This, the sixth, volume of the History of Northumberland, comprises 
the two ancient parishes of Bywell St. Peter and Bywell St. Andrew, 
with their respective chapelries of Shotley and Blanchland, together with 
the ancient parochial chapelry or parish of Slaley. These parishes and 
chapelries occupy, to a great extent, the high district which forms the 
water-shed between the Tyne and Derwent. The eastern half of the 
district is traversed by Watling Street, which enters it near Ebchester 
and leaves it at a point in the township of Riding, near Corbridge. 
The volume comprises the history of twenty-one townships, all of which 
are members of the baronies of Baliol and Bolbec ; and the baronies 
themselves are treated of at some length. 

Since the publication of their last volume the Committee have lost 
two of their colleagues by death, viz., Rt. Rev. Mandell Creighton, Bishop 
of London, who lent the powerful support of his name to the inception 
of the scheme, and Major-General Sir William Grossman, who, as long as 
his health permitted, was a regular attender at the monthly meetings of 
the Committee, where his presence and counsel were always welcome. 

As in a former volume, the Editor desires to express his personal 
obligation and gratitude to the Duke of Northumberland, the Rev. William 
Greenwell, and Mr. C. J. Bates for reading every chapter in MS. before 
it was sent to the printer. Mr. Greenwell has also contributed the account 
of the barony and house of Baliol, and the architectural description of the 
two churches at Bywell. The account of Bywell castle, by Mr. Bates, 

Vol. VI. 6 



is reprinted from Arc/uieologia Aeliana (with the permission of tlie 
Newcastle Society of Antiquaries), and the full version of the curious story 
of Edwanl III. at Hlanchland is aist> due to Mr. Bates's researches. 
The introduction and the description of the section of Walling Street 
included in the district are by Mr. R. (). Heslop. 

The Committee have again to express their obligation to Mr. E. J. 
Garwood, now professor of geology at King's College, London, for the 
chapter on the geology of the district. Mr. \V. H. Knowles has furnished 
the plans of the castle at Hvwell, of St. Peter's church there, and of 
Newton tower ; he has also written the architectural description and 
provided a plan of Blanchland abbey church. 

Mrs. Barnett, Mr. \V. C. B. Beaumont, Mr. Charles Hall, and xMr. 
J. F. Laycock have contributed substantially to the cost of illustrations, 
which have been prepared chieflv from drawings made on the spot by 
Mr. \\. J. S. Bertram, antl from pln>toi;ra|)hs by Messrs. Thompson and Lee. 

Among the landowners who have permitted every use to be made of 
their muniments of title are : the Dean and Chapter of Durham, the 
Lords of the Admiralty, Lord Crewe's Trustees, Sir Arthur Middleton, 
Sir James Joicey, Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, Miss Bacon Grey, Miss 
Baynes, Mr. A. W. Dunn, Miss Hedley, Miss Sillick, and Mr. J. W. 

Mr. Mark Archer has furnished notes from the Newton deeds of Messrs. 
Hedley, and it gives the Editor peculiar pleasure to acknowledge the 
consideration of Mr. T. H. Archer-Hintl, who forwarded for his inspection 
the Hind papers relating to .Slelling, which belonged to his brother, the late 
Mr. John Hodgson-Hinde. 

Valuable information and help have been given by the Rev. Cuthbert 
Adamson, Mr. H. A. Adamson, the Rev. D. S. Boutflower, the Rev. 
J. C. Dunn, .Mr. J. W. Fawcett, Mr. Joseph Freeman, Mr. C. W. S. 
Goodger, Mr. H. C. Harvey, Mr. BIythe Hurst, Mr. A. L. Smith (the 


librarian of Balliol College), Mr. John Nicholson, Mr. R. T. Richardson 
(sub-librarian of the Newcastle Public Library), Mr. J. B. Simpson, 
Mr. Thomas Sisterson, Mr. W. J. Watson, Mr. Herbert M. Wood and 

Miss M. T. Martin has made the necessary transcripts from documents 
at the Record Office ; the Rev. G. E. Richmond, the Rev. William Sisson, 
the Rev. John WagstafF, the Rev. R. W. Wilson, the Clerk of the Peace 
for Northumberland, and Mr. J. J. Howe have permitted access to and 
have given extracts from registers and documents in their custody. 

The Editor desires to express his obligation, for their many valuable 
emendations and suggestions, to those of his colleagues who have read the 
proofs, and to the Rev. Anthony Johnson, and Mr. L. C. Lockhart, who 
have also read the proofs. 



Preface ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... v 

List of Illustr.vtions ... ... ... ... ... ... x 

List of Committee ... ... ... ... ... ... ... xi 

.A,r).i>ENDA ET Corrigenda ... ... ... ... ... ... xii 


Description of the District ... .. ... ... ... i 

Geology ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5 

Watling Street ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 13 


'The Barony of Baliol ... ... ... ... ... ... 14 

Bywell" Castle ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 75 

'The ViLi. OF Bywell and Township of Bywell St. Peter ... ... 87 

JChurch of Bywell St. Peter ... ... ... ... ... ... 102 

'Sast AcoMB- Township ... ... ... ... ... .. 118 

TsItWTON-HALL TOWNSHIP ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 122 

^Newton Township ... ... ... ... ... ■■• ... 130 

"^tELLiNO Township ... ... ... .•• ... ... ... 137 

^Broomley Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 143 

Apperi.ey Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 162 

Temple Healey Township ... ... ... ... ... ... 169 

■.Whittonstall and Newlands Townships ... ... ... ... 176 

'Whittonstall Chapel ... ... ... ... ... ... 199. 

-Fotherley Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 202 

'ESpershields Township ... ... • ... ■ ... ... ... 206 


The Barony of Bolbec ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 221 

Styford Township ... ... ... ... ... ... .• 232 

Township of Bywell St. Andrew ... ... ... ... ... 238 

Church of Bywell St. Andrew ... ... •• ... ••. 241 

Bearl Township ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .-• 250 

S^ocksfield Township . ..... ... ... ... ... ... 254 

Broomhaugh Township ... ... ... ... ... . •... ... 261 

.Riding Township ..... ... ... ... ... -•■ ... 268 

Shotley Low Quarter Township ..,,. ... ... ... ... 278 

Shotley Chapel, ... , ... ... ... ... ... ... .S04 

Bi.anchland, or Shotley High Quarter Township ... ... ... 312 

Blanchl.\nd Abbey Church ... ... ... ... ... ... 330 

Newbiggin Township .... ... ... ... ... ... ... 342 


Slaley ..'. ... ... ... ... ... ... •■• 348 

Slaley Church ..; ..; ..'.' ... •.■ .-■ ••• ••• 379 

Index..." ..'. ... ' ... ■■■ ... ■-• ... ■•■ 385 

LIST Ol" Il.l.rSTIx'A'riONS. 

The two lljwcll Churches 


Charter of Eustace Kaliol 

Charter of Hugh Haliol 

Haliol Seals 

John Hahol, Seal ... 

IJywell Castle ... 

„ „ Iron (Irated Door 


„ „ from a Drawing circa 1786 

liywell, from an Old Print circa 1754 

Hywell St. Peter's Church, Interior ... 

„ „ „ Exterior in 1824 


Plan of Newton Tower... 

Healey circa 1819 ... 

.Seal of Guy Darrayns ... 

Whittonstall Chapel, Early English Corbel ... 
„ „ Grave Cover 

Quaker Burial-ground .it Winnos-hill 

Liywell Village Cross 

By well St. Andrew's Church, Exterior 

„ „ „ „ in 1824 

„ „ „ Grave Covers ... 

Inn at Riding-mill 

'The Port,' near Black Hedley 

Shotley Church, Exterior in 1882 
„ „ Hopper Monument . 

General View of Blanchland 

Blanchland .Abbatial Seals ... 

Blanchland .Abbey Church, Exterior 
,, „ „ Interior . 

,. „ „ Piscina 

„ „ „ Plan 

„ „ „ Lavatory Arch 

„ „ „ Grave Covers 

„ „ „ Churchyard Cross 

„ ,, „ Old Stained Glass 

Shield-hall Tower, Exterior 

„ „ Interior, Upper Floor 

„ „ „ (Ground Floor 

Remains of Dukesfield Smelt-mills ... 

Slaley Church, Exterior 










Issued under the Direction of the Northumberland County Hisiory Committee. 


The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

The Earl of Tankerville. 

Sir John Evans, K.C.B., F.S.A. 

W. A. W.'Vtson-.'Vrmstrong, Esq., D.C.L. 

Cadwallader J. Baies, Esq., M.A. 

Edward Bateson, Esq. 

Robert Blair, Esq., F.S.A. 

C. B. P. BosANQUET, Esq. 

William Brown, Esq., F.S.A. 

F. W. Dendy, Esq. • 

Rev. William Greenwell, M.,^., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Esq., M.A., F.S.A. 

Thomas Hodgkin, Esq., D.C.L., F.S.A. 

John Crawford Hodgson, Esq., F.S.A. 

John G. Hodgson, Esq. 

W. H. Knowles, Esq., F.S.A. 

Richard Welford, Esq., M.A. 

Edward G. Wheeler, Esq. 

Humphrey J. Willvams, Esq. 


Page 88, to the second parat^raph mUl, ' On January i, 1902, when clij,'t,'inj,' a grave in St. TeteHs 
churchyaril, near the cliantry chapel on the north side of the nave, a fragment of a 
Roman ahar was unearthed by the sexton. No traces of any inscription were 
visible.' See Proceedings of the Newcastle Society of Antic|uaries, vol. x. 

Page 100, for ' Francis G. Livell ' read ' Francis G. Lovell.' 

Page 101, line 18, for ' When an Act of I'arlianient was procured,' read 'and an .Act of I'arlinnicnt 
was subsequently procured.' 

Page 131, line 10, for ' Matillda vidua' read ' Matilda vidua.' 

Page 184, note i, insert full stop after, 'Jordano capell' 

Page 199, line 8, for 'an early English corbel ' read 'an Early English corbel.' 

P.ige 201, line 22, for ' Foster of Apperley ' read ' Foster (query Fewster) of Apperley.' 

Page 220, note I, for ' Richard Little' read ' Richard Davidson.' 

Page 234, delete note 5, suggesting an identification of Sessinghope. Sessinghopc evidently lay 
on the western or south-western confines of Blanchland. See Hugh de Bolbec's 
charter for the further endowment of Blanchland, post p. 314. It belonged to 
Sir Claudius Forster in 1608. See post, pp. 232, 357. 

Page 247. The Rev. Thomas Randal, whose facts in the State of the Churches tinder the A rchdeaconry 
of Northumberland have been freely used and quoted in this work, although 
generally accurate, is in error in staling that John de Derlington was presented to 
the church of Bywell St. Andrew in 1448, and John de Hcrtilpole in 1469. 
Brother John de Hcrtilpole, monk of Alba Landa, was instituted vicar of Bywell 
St. Andrew after the death of brother John de Derlington, September 7th, 1369 
(Bishop Hatfield's Register, folio 149). The list of incuniljents given on pages 
247-248 must therefore be corrected. It is possible that Gilbert de Mynslanacres, 
vicar of Bywell circa 1352, and Thomas de Ingleby, 'vicar del eglise de Bywell' 
circa 1372, may one or both have been incumbents of the sister church of liywell 
St. Peter. 

Page 272, line 15,/'"' 'the barony of Bolbec and certain lands in Bromehaugh, with Kidinge 
and le Ley' read ' certain lands in the barony of Bolbec at Bionieliaugli, Ridinge 
and le Ley.' 

Page 241, line 4; p. 313, line 6; p. 340, third paragraph. 'I'here can be little doubt that the 
chapel of Appeltreleye, given to Blanchland by Walter de Bolbec in 1 165, was 
situated at the western Apperley by the Devil's Water, parcel of tlic barony of 
Bolbec, and not at .'Xjjperly near Stocksfield, which is a member of the barony of 

KOOTiiMimiiuiie c 


History of Northumberland, 



'T'HE ancient ecclesiastical parishes of Bywell St. Andrew and Bywell St. 
Peter include, unitedly, an area of nearly fifty-nine and three-quarter 
square miles, and comprise twenty-one townships. These are grouped 
irregularly in a wedge-shaped form with its southward base resting on the 
Beldon burn and the river Derwent. As the area narrows in a northward 
direction it is intersected by the river Tyne, and is continued beyond that 
river until its point almost touches the Roman Wall. The distance between 
these extremities from north to south is twelve miles ; and the width across 
the base, from the Devil's Water on the west to Watling Street at Newlands 
on the east, measures about eleven miles. 

In aspect and character the district presents considerable diversities, 
which are, perhaps, best described by following its southern boundary and 
then passing from south to north through the centre of the area. 

The townships of Newlands, Shotley Low Quarter, Espershields, and 
Blanchland lie along the north or left bank of the river Derwent, which here 
forms the county boundary. Ascending the Derwent from Newlands the 
direction is at first southward and westward. The valley is open, and the 
hills on either side descend to green fields on the level haughs. Tracts 
of woodland separate these from the upland pastures, whose outlines are 
broken here and there by heavily timbered denes, which indent the hills and 
bring down small tributary streams. Everywhere on the slopes above are 
wide pastures, where scattered plantations add their darker verdure to the 
view. As the river's course is followed the banks close in and the woods 
become sparser. And here the quiet of the valley is disturbed by the far- 
off grind and jar of wheels, or the distant hush of steam from furnaces, where 

Vol. VI. I 

2 BYWEI.l,. 

Consett stands out against the sky. Following its course upwards, the river 
abruptly changes its direction, and the birch-clad Sneep projects its rocky 
point and shuts out the signs and sounds of mills and forges. The aspect, 
too, is changed; for the river now wanders in miles of winding 'links' 
bordered on the south by bare moors, which add to the sense of distance and 
of separation from the work-a-day world. Higher in its course monotony 
and loneliness prevail until scattered plantations again appear. Great fells 
close in on either side, but the valley scenery grows in beauty until in the 
deep-set hollow the roofs and church tower of Blanchland come into view. 
The approach to this singular village is always a matter of interest ; for 
the seclusion in which it is placed hides it until it is suddenly discovered 
close at hand. Deep in the valley as it lies, it is yet nine hundred feet 
above sea-level. Its remote situation and its wild surroundings contrast 
with the home-like appearance of the village, and with the sheltering 
trees which screen the church and the ruined precincts of the abbey 
of the Norbertian canons. 

Immediately over the village the heights swell out in great tracts of 
moors which, under the corrupted form of Bulbeck, perpetuate the name of 
Walter de Bolbec, founder of the abbey. From Blanchland northward the 
ground rises rapidly, and at a distance of a mile and a half reaches the 
twelve hundred feet contour line. On everv side the moorland lies around, 
attaining in many places an elevation of thirteen hundred feet, and, at the 
south-west extremity of the common, it reaches at one point to a height 
of fourteen hundred feet above sea-level. An aspect of wild grandeur 
characterises this upland, one of the spurs of the mountainous chain beyond. 
It is long before the road, now leading northward, begins to leave these 
heights ; but, as it at length descends, plantations assert themselves on the 
waste. These in turn give place to field enclosures and to richer pasture 
lands as Slaley is approached. Beyond this village the lower grounds are 
neared, and belts and clusters of woodland diversify the landscape. East- 
ward and northward the sloping lands are broken by valleys and ridges, 
where burns, now hastening northward to the Tyne, flow through leafy 
denes, and immediately below is the Tyne valley itself. 

Many of the reaches of this well-known river are very beautiful, but 
nowhere are they more so than in the three miles of its course where the 
townships of Riding, Broomhaugh, Broomley, and Stocksfield skirt its 


southern bank, and the haughs of Styford and the woods of Bywell edge it 
on the north. From the bare moors behind and the thin air of an elevation 
of fourteen hundred feet, in a distance of ten miles, the descent has been 
made to the level of fifty feet above the sea, and to a zone of climate where 
vegetation luxuriates in the highest degree. This is nowhere more strikingly 
seen than in the beautiful surroundings of Bywell. 

The westward view from Bywell bridge presents a fine association of 
objects of beauty and interest, where the effect is enhanced by the river 
foreground and the surrounding woods. Nor does the charm of the scene 
diminish as each feature is approached and viewed in detail. The tower 
of the Nevills stands by the river bank, its embattled turrets rising clear 
above its four-square ivy-clad walls. The newer house, which is 
built against the eastern wall of the ancient gateway tower, adds the 
beauty of its lawns and flower beds to the surroundings. Beyond, as the 
Tyne bends abruptly southward, it is fronted by a dwelling house, 
behind which is the parsonage ; both are covered with climbing plants, 
and stand amid their garden enclosures. In the course of a quarter 
of a mile higher the river again changes its direction and encircles the 
churchyard of St. Peter's church, which, with the domain beyond, stands 
in a parcel of the ancient barony of Baliol. The interior of the church 
of St. Peter, rich in its accessories, contrasts strongly with the plainness 
of the stout low tower, massively designed for defence. Close by, 
and standing in the adjacent barony of Bolbec, the church of St. Andrew 
possesses the striking feature of a pre-Conquest tower, a stately adjunct of its 
simple but dignified fabric. These sister churches stand almost side by side 
where all is as silent as the beautiful cemeteries which surround them. For 
the town itself has entirely gone, leaving no trace but the foot-stepped column 
which once served for the village cross. In a scene of such retirement, where 
the leaf rustles in its fall on the green haugh, it is difficult to realize the site 
of the ancient village street which once echoed the anvil-stroke of the 
armourer's hammer. The great wood, which fed his furnace, disappeared 
with the ancient craftsman, but its place has, in later times, been filled 
again by the replanted forest trees now surrounding the stately hall of 

On the outskirts, northward, lie the parks, and beyond them the sloping 
fields. Pasture and tillage lands succeed, and great plantations of fir clothe 


the steeper banks. At the distance of a mile, on a rising knoll, stand the 
house and farm of Peepy ; and, somewhat beyond, a grass-grown track 
crosses the highway. The track, which yet retains its primitive character, 
is a portion of the ancient ' Hee Street,' or ' Carel Gate,' of former times, 
once the only thoroughfare between Newcastle and Carlisle, forming part 
of the section leading from Ovington to Corbridge. As it descends the 
hill, on the east side of the road, 'its many and sharp turnings and its 
perpetual precipices ' are yet in evidence to show the impassability of such a 
road for wheeled traffic, a condition which compelled the lord keeper 
Guilford, when acting as a justice itinerant in these parts, to take horse and ride. 

'Here his Lordship saw the true Image of a Border Country. The Tenants of the several Manors 
are bound to guard the Judges through their Precinct; and out of it they would not go, no, not an 
Inch to save the souls of them. They were a comical Sort of People, riding upon Negs, as they call 
their small Horses, with long Beards, Cloaks, and long, broad Swords, with Basket Hilts, hanging 
in broad Belts, that their Legs and Swords almost touched the Ground; and every one, in his Turn, 
with his short Cloak, and othet Equipage, came up Cheek by Joul, and talk'd with my Lord Judge. 
His Lordship was very well pleased with their Discourse; for they were great Antiquarians in their 
own Bounds." 

We are indebted to the condition of the road for this seventeenth 
century picture of the men and manners of the locality. 

Beyond this point appear the village and church of Newton-hall, 
and the lofty observatory, which rises high above the woodlands, 
a landmark far and wide. The ridge is reached to find that it really 
forms but a break in the ascent, and beyond it, northward, a ' slack ' 
intervenes between it and yet higher ground. Pastures here give place 
to plover-haunted uplands where the plough has but lately riven the sod and 
the drainer cleared the marsh. Just above rises the northernmost extremity 
of the barony, where a steep field ascent from the side of a grass-grown 
' lonnin ' leads to the summit of Shildon hill, the site of a British camp of 
more than usual interest. One half of its circuit has been ploughed, but 
the other half is untouched and its earthworks are clearly traceable on their 
western front, where a break in the lines oblique to their direction has given 
access to the enclosure within. The camp stands at an elevation of six 
hundred and fourteen feet above the sea, commanding an outlook of 
considerable extent. From Gateshead Fell on the east to Cross Fell on the 
west the eye ranges southward along the summit of Kilhope to the ridges of 

' Roger North, Life of Francis North, ed. 1742, pp. 139-140. 


Allendale to Swinhope and the crests which separate Wear, and Derwent, 
and Tees ; while the nearer prospect blends in outlines where form, 
and colour, and vastness are strikingly presented. In the foreground the 
Tyne flows unseen, its course marked only by the denser foliage of the valley 
below. Rising behind it, the track just traversed spreads out beyond, 
revealing its successive features scored with denes, green with pastures, 
bordered by mazes of copse, or fringed with dark stretches of fir, till the 
distant higher grounds stand out in barren grandeur. And in the view thus 
presented there lies stretched before the eye almost the entire area of the 
baronies of Bolbec and Baliol. 


Although the historical plan of this work necessitates the separation of 
the parish of Corbridge from those of Bywell and Slaley, there is no such 
division necessary as far as a description of the geology of the parishes in 
question is concerned. These parishes are so intimately connected 
in their physical structure that a separate description would not only 
involve needless repetition but would also detract considerably from 
clearness of exposition. 

The physical features of the parishes above enumerated, taken in con- 
junction with those of Hexham and Chollerton to the west and north, 
present some of the most interesting problems in river drainage and land 
sculpture to be met with in the county, embracing, as they do, a large 
portion of the Tyne valley and its more important tributaries. 

The first and most interesting point is the intimate dependence of the 
drainage on the structure of the Carboniferous rocks which constitute 
the solid geological foundation of the district, and this in spite of the heavy 
capping of Glacial and post-Glacial deposits covering so large an area in the 
district. From Corbridge to Newcastle the Tyne runs to all intents and 
purposes down the dip of the strata ; while from Haltwhistle to Warden it 
occupies a valley strictly conformable to the strike of the Bernician beds. In 
the portion between Warden and Corbridge it emphasizes this fundamental 
coincidence still more markedly by swerving with the change of strike, 
produced by the disturbance in the neighbourhood of the Stublick dyke. 
This fault, it will be remembered, has altered the trend of the rocks south of 
the Tyne from the north-north-east and south-south-west strike, characteristic 


of the beds north of Corbiids^c, to a direction running north-west and soutii- 
east between Warden and Riding Mill. It is evident then that the main 
features of the Tyne valley were sculptured in pre-Glacial times, and only 
slightly modified subsequently by erosion and by glacial and alluvial 
deposits. It is possible, however, that our famous Northumbrian river 
mav be older even than this remote period. 

The days are now past when cause and effect in drainage phenomena 
were so far confused as to lead to the supposition that rivers ran in their 
present valleys because these natural depressions existed from all time and 
the rivers found it more convenient to run along such ready-made channels ; 
or when, with the devout minister, we thanked a beneficent Providence 
for causing the largest rivers to flow past the most important towns. There 
can be little doubt that the main drainage in post-Triassic times followed the 
general slope of the Northumberland beds to the east.' Since that far-ofi' 
time much has happened to alter the physical features of the country, but 
it is highly improbable that the district has since then been, even temporarily, 
submerged beneath the sea ; thus the infant Tyne may have flowed in approxi- 
mately the same direction as at the present day, while the Coal-measures were 
being denuded from the summits of the Corbridge fells to contribute to 
the clays of the Liassic estuary at Whitby and Redcar. It may have 
babbled above the future site of Corstopitum and carried down food to 
nourish the race of ' slimy dragons ' wallowing in the Liassic waves, what 
time the little microlestes nibbled the Jurassic vegetation along its banks 
or scrambled hurriedly to cover, as the hungry arc/iccopteryx swooped from 
the skies above. 

But although the original Tyne would, as we have indicated, flow 
eastwards as a ' consequence ' of the slope imparted to the Palaeozoic 
formation in post-Permian times, a secondary series of streams would 
also soon develop. As the upper Carboniferous beds were denuded 
and their outcrop receded farther and farther towards the east, a series of 
' subsequent ' valleys would gradually establish themselves along the out- 
crop of the softer beds and parallel to their general strike. The South 
Tyne and the Erring-burn are examples to the point, though whether or no 
they were formed as a continuous ' strike' valley it is difficult at this time to 
determine. The North Tyne between Bellingham and Chollerton is also a 

' The occurrence, however, of a patch of Liassic beds to the west of Carhsle may indicate a 
submergence of the land on both sides of the Pennine range as late as the early Jurassic. 


' dip ' valley, possibly a relic of an original ' consequent ' stream flowing to 
the sea north of the Tyne : but on the other hand it may be an ' obsequent ' 
or tributary stream of the ' strike valley ' into which it runs, though this 
is rendered improbable by the absence of ' obsequent ' streams of similar 
magnitude flowing into the same valley. In any case the lower Tyne, being 
the strongest river in the district, has cut back its valley until it has tapped 
the waters of the South Tyne and Erring-burn, which may once have flowed 
elsewhere, and by its greater power gradually lowered the drainage of its 
tributaries, capturing possibly the North Tyne also, and diverting it from 
a more easterly exit. A careful study of the source of the river gravels of 
different ages should throw light on this problem. 

Of the present lateral tributaries of the Tyne, none show the vicissitudes 
of time so markedly as does the river Team. In pre-Glacial days this 
drift-filled valley, at first doubtless a tributary rivulet of the Tyne, gradually 
cut its channel backwards through the soft Coal-measures into the heart of 
Durham, degrading its valley below the outcrop of the Hutton seam, until it 
reached the Wear, flowing eastwards on its own account, and diverted it to 
form a tributary of the Tvne. Then came the Glacial period, when the old 
Tyne tributary was filled with boulder clay and drift, and the Wear was 
blocked out from its former northerly course, finding an independent outlet 
for itself to the east, possibly near its former mouth. At the present day 
the modern Team is busily engaged in repeating history and once more 
cutting back its headwaters to the south. 

Of the other tributaries of the Tyne vallev, those which enter from the 
south, including the Tyne above Haltwhistle, have excavated their ' obse- 
quent ' valleys against the dip of the beds, gradually capturing the drainage 
of Alston, Allendale, Shotley and Edmondbyers, which doubtless originally 
flowed southwards. At the present moment an interesting struggle is 
proceeding between the Allen, the Devil's Water and the Derwent, whose 
headwaters have gradually cut back their respective valleys to a common 
gathering ground on Hexhamshire common, just as, on a larger scale, the 
Tees, the Wear, and the South Tyne, rising almost within a stone's throw of 
each other, have for long been competitors for the eastern drainage of the 
Cross Fell range. 

The solid geology of the three parishes specially under discussion does 
not diff"er noticeably from that of the regality of Hexham already described. 

8 BYWEI.I,. 

It comprises portions of the upper Bernician beds, the so-called Millstone 
Grit, the Gannister beds, and the Coal-measures of Durham and North- 
umberland, the two latter formations being classed by the Geological 
Survey as Lower and Middle Coal-measures, the ' Brockwell ' seam having 
been taken as the dividing line, though, as pointed out by Professor 
Lebour, this occasionally leads to a circular argument, since the lowest 
seam in any colliery in the district becomes, ipso facto, the ' Brockwell ' 
seam. The lowest bed met with in the Bernician series north of Corbridge 
is the Great Limestone (and its accompanying black-band iron stone) to the 
north of Stagshaw-bank, above which an outcrop of the Little Limestone 
occurs, running from Little Whittington to Matfen. At Halton Shields an 
extensive quarry occurs in an outcrop of limestone of abnormal thickness, 
and over half-a-mile long. The rock is much shattered and recrystallized, 
large crystals of calcite being of frequent occurrence in pockets in the rock. 

On account of these characters, and in spite of its large dimensions, it 
seems probable that we have here not an outcrop of limestone /;/ situ, but 
an enormous boulder of the Great Limestone torn from the outcrop of that 
bed to the north-west, and carried to its present position ; this supposition is 
confirmed by the presence of numerous smaller boulders of a similar 
character not only in this neighbourhood, but in other parts of England, 
although, in so drift-covered a county, it is difficult to speak with certainty in 
the matter. It is, however, a curious fact that the outcrops of the Great 
Limestone invariably display considerable folding and crushing, whereas the 
limestones above exhibit but little disturbance, and dip fairly uniforinly at 
an angle of about five degrees to the east. 

In this district at least two seams of coal are worked above the Great 
Limestone. At Whittington colliery, a little to the north of Stagshaw-bank 
top, the seam worked is the bottom portion of the Acomb or Little 
Limestone coal, which, apparently, here lies 15 or 20 feet below the upper 
portion of the seam. A recent boring, three-quarters of a mile to the north 
of the old shafts at Acomb, shows the two portions of the seam, which is 
here five feet thick, to be merely separated by one foot of shale, so that the 
parting evidently thickens as the seam is traced in an easterly direction, 
while to the north, at Fallowfield, we have in No. 3 bore-hole two partings 
dividing the coal into three seams.' 

' G. A. Lebour, ' On the Little Limestone and its Accompanying Coal in South Northumberland.' 
Trans. North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers, vol. xxiv. 1875. 


About 260 feet above the Little Limestone, another coal seam has been 
worked in the Oakvvood district, and it is probably this seam which is locally 
worked at Halton colliery under the name of the Clarewood coal. It is 
pretty certain at least that this is the seam recently met with in a drift which 
has been put in adjoining the north and south road leading from the military 
road, near North farm, to Great Whittington. 

The seam, at the outcrop, is 1 foot 4 inches thick, and lies considerably 
above the outcrop of the Little Limestone; it is possible, however, that some 
of the shafts in the Clarewood district have been driven into the Little 
Limestone coal below. It must be pointed out that the published 6 inch 
section of the government survey ignores the existence of the upper seam, 
and shows an outcrop of the Little Limestone coal to the south-east of the 
river Pont, where it certainly does not occur, and there is little doubt that a 
boring between Halton and Clarewood, if carried deep enough, should pass 
through both the Oakwood coal and the Little Limestone coal below. 

Above the Little Limestone come the three intercalated limestones 
peculiar to the district. These are not known to the south-west or north, 
and are therefore of peculiar interest. 

'They are in fact local beds of more or less lenticular shape, indicating areas of comparatively 
deep sea, probably occupying arms of the sea or straits some twenty or thirty miles in width, and 
separating stretches of the low-lying land (probably islands) of which the traces are preserved to us 
in some of the thin seams of coal — seldom thick enough to be worked, but none the less interesting 
to geologists — that occur about this horizon. What ihe exact area of these successive straits (successive 
in time only) may have been we have no evidence to tell, but that between Tyne and Wansbeck (or 
perhaps Coquet), in the time which elapsed between the deposition of the Little Limeftone and Fell-top, 
there was, at three distinct periods and occupying identical portions of what is now Northumberland, a 
coral sea of no great width is abundantly proved. That this narrow sea ran east and west, and that 
its deepest portion was somewhere between llclsay and .Stamfordham is all but certain. . . . A.\\ 
the lime quarries between the Roman Wall and the Tyne and [those] east of the town [of Corbridge] 
(except those, at Halton .Shields and between Harlow Hill and the soutlicrn Whittle-dene reservoir) 

are opened in one or other of these beds, in which, and in the shales accompanying which, 

most of the common fossils of the Yoredale Rocks may be found.' ' 

The Fell-top Limestone is e.xposed on the north side of the bend in the 
Tyne about half way between Styford-hall and Hall-moor, 'it is full of 
fossils here, and it is remarkable that these are, as a rule, different from 
those which characterise the bed at Harlow Hill. They agree, however, 
with the fornula of the same horizon at Foxton-hall, near Alnmouth.'' A 
further outcrop occurs at Dilston mill, 150 feet above the sea, where it is seen 

' G. A. Lebour, 'Notes on the Geology of Corbridge,' Hist, of Berw. Nat. Club. vol. .\. p. 125. 
• Ibid. p. 124. 

Vol. VL 2 

lO liVWEI.I.. 

dipping at an angle of 4 degrees to the south-south-west and the bed is 
followed by tlu' Stnblick dyke and disappears under the drift, but again 
appears at Mount Pleasant, 350 feet above sea-level, cropping out parallel 
to the lower exposure. A further outcrop occurs in the sinuous banks of 
the Derwent 3 miles above Shotley Bridge, where it is cut olT by the south- 
east branch of the Ninety-fathom dyke ; and intersected bv the lead veins 
worked in the Healyfield lead mine. 

The grit and shale beds coloured by the Geological Survey as ' Millstone 
Grit' occur chieflv to the south of the Tyne, but the main outcrop sweeps 
north-east from Bywell, between Newton-hall and Ovington, and in that 
district contains two well-marked bands of shale. South of the river the 
outcrop is complicated bv the Stublick and Ninetv-fathom faults and 
their ramifications, but the grit and shale beds occupy most of the moorland 
country in Slaley, Bywell, and Shotley, as at Acton fell, 1,127 feet, 
Edmundbyers, 1,260 feet, and Cowbyers fell, 1,279 ^^et, and their relations 
to the upper beds of the Limestone series can be well studied to the 
north of Blanchland. The Gannister beds above, form the water parting 
between the Derwent and the Tvne from Whittonstall to Bulbeck common, 
1,400 feet, the highest point in the district. At Apperley, between Whitton- 
stall and New Ridley, the beds have yielded a few fossils, and among them 
Professor Lebour obtained specimens of Avicnlopecten papyraceus, a 
characteristic Gannister species, though found also in the limestone series 

The main basin of the Newcastle coal-field occurs to the east of this 
district, but three miniature coal basins in the true Coal-measures, or 
Middle Coal-measures of the Survey, are contained in the parish of Bywell 
St. Peter. Their preservation is due partly to the effect of the Ninety- 
fathom dyke and its associated north and south branches, and partly to the 
configuration of the ground. The most westerly of these little coal-fields 
occurs on Barley-hill at a height of nearly 1,000 feet; only the lowest or 
Brockwell seam appears to have escaped denudation here. The central 
basin on Grey Mare hill rises to a height of 960 feet, and is divided by the 
Ninetv-fathom dyke and the north and south cross faults. Here all the four 
seams from the Brockwell to the Five-quarter coal have been preserved, 
and the same is the case with the more easterly patch. No one of these 
miniature basins is, however, over a mile in diameter. The coal was 


worked at the Grey Mare hill colliery sixty-five years ago by a shaft 
near the top of the hill, from which a working to the east appears to 
have undermined Shotley church, causing it to collapse and become a 
ruin. More recentlv, mining by drift seems to have been attempted on 
the other side of the hill. At Whittonstall, where coal was formerly 
worked, two important cross faults occur which cause an extension of the 
beds somewhat to the south. 

Beneath the Brockwell seam to the south and east of Grey Mare hill, and 
between it and the Whittonstall basin, there is an outcrop of the famous iron- 
stone bed, locally known as the 'German Band.' Not, as Professor Lebour 
remarks,' because of anv covert allusion to itinerant musicians, but due to the 
small colony of German sword makers who in former days worked this 
ironstone and plied their trade at Derwentcote and Shotley Bridge. 

The more important faults traversing the district have already been 
alluded to in detail. The most important is the Ninety-fathom dyke which 
enters the district north-east of Whittonstall and runs south-west to Grey Mare 
hill and thence in a general westerly direction to Acton fell where it 
appears to die out. The throw of this fault diminishes rapidly westwards 
from 450 feet in the Greenside district to 60 feet at Grey Mare hill. Its 
two main cross branches, running south-south-east and north- north-west, 
occur a little to the west of Grey Mare hill on both sides and a little 
east of Whittonstall on the south side only, but their throw is small and 
merely tends to extend the Gannister beds slightly to the south. 

The Stublick dyke, which starts a little to the east of Corbridge, 
crosses the Tyne near the railway station, and enters the regality of 
Hexham at Swallowship. It contains the only whin outcrop in the district 
which penetrates the limestone at Thornbrough, and is again seen at 
High Town, south of Dilston. It also carries a lead vein at its extreme 
eastern termination. Other lead veins occur in the faults crossing the 
Derwent near Healeyfield and Combfield house, while two series form a 
network of veins which cross the fells to the north and west of Blanchland 
in a north-easterly and north-westerly direction respectively. 

There is little to add to what has already been said regarding the 
glacial accumulations in the district, except to call attention to the interesting 
series of sands and gravels, of glacial origin, resting on the boulder clay and 

' Professor Lebour, Outlines of Geology of Northumberland and Durham, 1886, p. 56. 

12 RYWEI.I.. 

coiitaininp; boulders of Scottish and Lake district rocks as well as those of more 
local orii^in. The best section occurs on the north bank of the river Tyne 
between Thornbrongh wood and the Styford alluvial fiats, where the funnel- 
shaped hollows and contorted dips characteristic of these deposits may be 
best studied. Professor Lebour, who has given considerable attention to these 
funnel- shaped hollows and dips, refers them to abstraction of subjacent 
material bv means of percolating;; rain water finding its way, loaded with 
sediment, to the river.' 

The boulder clay covers a considerable portion of the district, and, in 
the vallevs occupied bv the Erring-burn and the river Pont, sometimes 
attains a considerable depth. In places deposits of clav free from boulder 
occur, which is dug in places for tiles and drain pipes. Such a tilery 
has been worked for many vears at Grottington. on the west side of Watling 
Street, near Stagshaw-bank. Corbridge was formerlv regarded as occupving 
the site of an ancient lake, but this view has now been generallv abandoned.^ 


The Roman highway from the south, after traversing the Palatinate, 
crosses the river Derwent and enters Northumberland at the eastern 
e.xtremitv of the parish of Bywell St. Peter. Thence its course lies almost 
due north west until it enters the parish of Corbridge at a distance from the 
Derwent of seven miles and a quarter. The passage of that river was made 
at a point in the township of Newlands. From this the neighbouring 
parish church of Ebchester is seen across the stream, where the bell-gabled 
structure and its surrounding graveyard occupy the south-western angle of 
the Roman camp of Vindomora, the ne.xt station south of Corstopitum in the 
first iter of the Antonine Road-book and the terminus of the second stage of 
the southward journey. 

The ridge separating the Uerwent from the Tyne valley is crossed 
at Whittonstall, which stands at an elevation of seven hundred and twenty 
feet above the sea ; and the gradient to the summit rises five hundred feet in 
a distance of two miles. 'The pavement,' of the road, 'is still visible all 

' Professor G. A. Lctjour, 'On certain surface features of the glacial deposits of the Tyne valley.' 
Kat. Hist. Trims. Northuinhciiand and Durham, vol. .\i. p. 191. 

^ G. W. Bulman, 'On a Hypotlietical Lake,' Household Magazine (appendix). 1884. 


the wav up, at intervals, as well as in the village.' ' On the north-western 
side of the ridge the road descends with an equally rapid declivity and 
continues a perfectly straight course for a mile from Whittonstall. At this 
point, called Castle-hill, the outline of a fort is still traceable^ in an 
adjacent field, and here the road swerves to the northward a little in order 
to carrv the line in the direction of an advantageous crossing place on the 
StocksSeld burn half-a-mile below. The present road and bridge,^ which" 
cross the stream near the lodge of Wheelbirks, deviate yet farther to the 
north. After the arc described by the passage of Stocksfield burn, the 
Roman line is once more straightened as it passes south-west of Hindley 
farm. Broomley lies just beyond, and at the small syke here the Watling 
Street has taken a bearing slightly northward, so that the present road is 
entirely on its western side. ' At about i lo yards in advance,' says 
Mr. MacLauchlan, ' it leaves the Watling Street, which continues the 
straight line across the fields,'^ but an excavation made by Mr. David 
Richardson, in September, 1900, across this apparent line of Watling Street, 
failed to confirm Mr. MacLauchlan's conjecture. The ' line ' at this place 
proved to be the remains of an old boundary dyke. At the cross road to 
Raw-house and beyond, traces of the line are visible in the present road, 
which now deviates to ease the gradient, and zig-zags across the direct 

The Watling vStreet itself ran straight through Whiteside wood, leaving 
the direct line again, after passing the present road, in order to ease the 
descent to the crossing at East Dipton burn, which it passed near Riding 
Mill, 'close to the small foot-bridge, if not over it.'"^ With a similar curve 
on the western side of the burn the Roman line again crossed the present 
road, and its straight course was resumed near the station road. Its way 
thence lay through the fields between the railway and the highway to 
within 330 yards east of Farnley Gate, where the two roads again coincide 
until the parish of Corbridge is entered at a point distant about two miles 
from the city of Corstopitum. 

' MacLauchlan, Miinnir on a Survey of Watliiif; Street, 1852, p. 18. - Ibid. 

^ The bridge was built by subscription in 1890. On the parapet is inscribed the fiillowing appro- 
priate quotation from Christina G. Rossetti ; — 

" Does the road lead up the hill all the way ? Yes, to the very end. 
Will the journey take the whole long day ? From morn to night, my friend." 

' MacLauchlan, supra, p. 19. ^ Ibid. 




The earliest notice of Bywell occurs in Simeon's History of the Church 
of Durham, where it is mentioned under the spelling Biguell.' That Bywell 
was the place in question cannot be doubted, for there is no site in that part 
of ancient Northumberland adjacent to the diocese of Lindisfarne which has 
a name at all similar to that used by the historian of the church of Durham. 
In one of its churches a portion of a building anterior to the Conquest is still 
preserved, showing that theie was an ecclesiastical establishment there before 
the time when, due to the new order which came in with the feudal system, 
the creation of parishes in their mediaeval form was instituted in England. 
The incident, one of more than common interest, which vSimeon records in 
connection with the place, is that on Trinity Sunday (iii. Idus Junii), June 
nth, 803, Ecgberht was there consecrated twelfth bishop of Lindisfarne. 

It may be assumed as almost certain that during the time of Anglian 
independence there were two great estates, as there were probably two 
churches in that part of the county which constitutes the parishes of Bywell 
St. Peter and Bywell St. Andrew. With regard to the church of the first of 
these parishes, the evidence is only presumptive, but the church of St. 
Andrew bears witness in the tower and in a portion of a sepulchral memorial 
cross, now built into the wall of the tower, that it was in existence in 
Anglian times. 

The two great estates, which were, with the exception of Stocksfield, 
the same in area as the two parishes, each possibly having its own church, 
became, after William the Norman had subdued England, two baronies." 

' Simeon, H/s/. Ei-f/. Dunebn. lib. ii. cap. v. ed. Bedford, p. 89. Ed. Arnold, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 52. 

^ The extent of the baronies was not confined to the two parishes, each of them contained important 
oullyinjf members. The barony of Haliol comprised a moiety of the vill of Bywell and the vills or 
townships of .-^comb, Apperley, Espershields, P'otherley, Healey, Newton. Newton-hall, Newlands, 
Riilley, Stellin<,r and Whittonstall in St. Peter's parish, the vill of Stocksfield in St. .Andrew's parish, 
Ellrini;ham, Ovington, and Micklev in the adjacent parish of Ovinghain, and many other large estates 
elsewhere. Teda de NcviU, Record Series, p. 385. 


Each was granted by an English king to a grc-at lord, who represented, in 
the land beyond the Channel, a stock of which the king himself was a 
member. The two estates thus became, taking their names from their 
owners, the important fees of Bolbec and Baliol. 

An early tradition has recorded that among the adventurers who took 
part with Duke William of Normandy in the invasion of England, and who 
were to be ultimately rewarded with the spoils of conquest, was Guy 
(Guido or Wydo) de Baliol. The stock from which he sprang was an 
enterprising, adventurous, and far-reaching one, inheriting from a northern 
ancestry the spirit of dare-devildom, conquest, and plunder, which drove the 
Viking over the sea, and begat a temper of courage and endurance which 
"has leavened more than one land that they subjugated. We read of an Ursel 
de Baliol as one of the invaders and conquerors of Sicily under the great 
Norman, Robert Guiscard. The same Ursel was leader of a band of 
mercenaries in the pay of the emperor Romanus Diogenes, and took part 
in the battle in Armenia in 107 i, when the emperor was defeated and taken 
prisoner by Alp Arslan the leader of the Turkmans.' 

The first person whose name is recorded in connection with that part 
of France in which the various families of Baliol had their origin' is a 
Gauffrid de Bailliol. He occurs as a witness to the foundation charter of 
the abbey of Treport, by Robert, count of Eu, in 1059.' There is nothing 
whatever to show that he was a member of the familv which originated at 
Bailleul-en-Vimeu or of that of Bailleul-en-Gouffern, both of which sent 
representatives to England. It appears probable that, as he was a witness 
to an important deed of Robert, count of Eu, he belonged to a stock of 
Baliol feudally connected in France and England with the counts of Eu, 
members of which in Norman times held land in Sussex, where, as Domesday 
records, the count of Eu had large possessions.'' 

' Gibbon, chap. Ivii. ed. Smith, vol. vii. p. 160, quoting Jeffrey Malatesta, I. ii. 33. 

= According to the Dictioiinairc des Pastes, there are thirteen places of the name of Bailleul in 
northern France. M. de lielleval, author of an account of John Haliol, king of Scotland, says (p. 51 there 
have been nineteen different families of the name, all of which, except one in Normandy, are extinct. 

^ Ciil. of Due. in Fniiicf, ed. J. H. Round, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 80. 

' In a charter of King Stephen confirming gifts which his barons and others, his subjects, French 
and English, had made to the monastery of St. Pancras at Lewes, there is mention of a grant of tithe in 
Sussex by Geoffrey de IJaliol, 'juxta Haslo deciniam Gaufridi de Ballolio de Bifleam.' Cal. 0/ Doc. in 
France, Round, vol. i. p. 511. Mr. Round, in 'Some early gran.s to Lewes Priory,' Sussex Arch. Coll. 
vol. xl. p. 69, identifies Bifleam (in another deed Biueltham) with Bibleham in the parish of Mayfield. 
Geoffrey's grant was confirmed by John, count of Eu, who succeeded c. 1139. It is described as 


Rainald dc Bailgiole, who occurs in Domesdav as the owner of land in 
three counties, appearing there under that name, as well as under that of 
Rainald vicecomes, which he was of Shrt)pshire, belonged to a quite distinct 
family from that of the lords of I3vwell and Oainford. He was the owner 
of Bailleul-en-Gouffern, a place in the department of Orne, not far distant 
from Oximae, the capiti of the vicomte of the O.ximin, a fief of Earl Roger 
de Montgomerv, whose niece, Amieria,' .the widow of Warin, the first 
Norman sheriff of Shropshire, he had married." 

Guv de Baliol, the founder of the great English baronial house, came 
from Picardv and belonged to a family which had its origin and name from 
Bailleul-en-\'imeu, in the canton of Hallencourt, in the arrondissement of 
Abbeville in the department of the Somme. The family was one of the 
most powerful in Ponthieu and was possessed of other large estates there in 
addition to Baillcul, all of which remained in their hands, after their English 
lands had been lost by the forfeiture of John, king of Scotland, until the time 
of Edward Baliol, the last male descendant of the main line. 

There is no evidence worthy of credit to show what was the parentage 
of Guy de Baliol. In an English pedigree' to the earlv part of which no 
reference to documentary proof is attached, it is stated that he was the son 
of Wimund de Balliol, and that he had two brothers, Bernard and Joscelin, 
and a sister Hawis. A French pedigree^ makes him the son of Guy de 
Bailleul, with two brothers, Hugh and Joscelin, and a sister Hawis. The 
two pedigrees do not differ very materially, and mav both have originated 

'decimani de dominio de Biueltham in omnibus rebus, quam nonavit eis Gaufr' de liailloil, et poslea 
successores sui, et .\x.\ acras teriae in Bixla cum mansuia in eadeni villa.' Cotton MSS. British 
Museum, Vesp. 'F' 15, fol. 81. He may have been the same CJeoftVey who was a witness to the 
foundation charter of Trcport, and also as (jeoffrey de Baillol who, with his heir Gilbert, occurs in a charter 
ot confirmation by Henry II. as having made gifts of tithe of money rents in Normandy and England 
and tithe of essarts, sheeps' wool, cheese and bacon, from England to the church of St. Mary at Eu. 
Cal. 0/ Doc. in France, vol. i. p. 525. It may be inferred that Osbert de Balliol, who gave tithe in 
Biueltham and a house in Bi.xla, ' quae fuit canabaria patris mei,' and thirty acres of land near the sea in 
the same vill to Lewes Priory, was a relation and possibly a descendant of Geoffrey. Cotton MSS. Vesp. 
'F' 15, fol. 80 V. It is also probable that Radulph de Ballolo who occurs in a confirmation charter of 
Henry, count of Eu, of the time of Henry II. as a grantor of a garden at Besham to the prebend of 
William fitz AUec in the church of St. Mary of Hastings, was a member of the same family of Baliol, 
feudatories of the counts of Eu. Record Office, Ancient Deeds, 'D' 1073. 

' She is called .A.milia in a charter of her husband Rainald and herself, confirming the churches of 
W'olfston and Church Lawford, in Warwickshire, to the abbey of St. Pierre-en-Uives. Cal. of Doc. in 
France, vol. i. p. 202. 

' A full account of him, with the evidences in proof of his identity, will be found in Eyton. 
Antiquities 0/ Shropshire, vol. vii. p. 206, set]. 

' Dodsworth MSS. Bodleian Library, vol. iv. p. 10. 

' Jean de Bailleul, roi d'Ecosse et sire de Baillcul-en-Vimeu, par Rene de Belleval. Paris, 1866, p. 46. 


from the same source, which possibly had an element of truth in it ; 
they, at the same time, have enough of difference to show that neither of 
them was merely a copy of the other. The Wimund of the one pedigree 
may be, though the names are distinct, the Wido of the other, and both 
may possibly represent the same person. All the five are names frequent 
among those of the family of Bailleul of Picardy and England, and 
the children in each case only differ in Hugh of the one being repre- 
sented by Bernard in the other. It is quite possible, though it does 
not seem to be capable of proof, that Guy, who had a grant of the 
English lordships from William Rufus, was a son of a Guy (Wimund or 
Wido), who was lord of Bailleul-en-Vimeu, and that he had an elder 
brother, Hugh, who succeeded to and remained upon the ancestral land in 
Picardy, when the younger brother, Guy, sought his fortune among the 
host of Normans, Picards, Bretons, and others who followed in the wake 
of Duke William when he conquered England.' If this be so, Bernard, 
the nephew and successor of Guy, lord of Bywell and Gainford, must 
have been the son of Hugh, the lord of Bailleul-en-Vimeu. He was, 
undoubtedly, the person in whom the Picardy and English lordships 
became united. It appears, from two charters recording grants to the 
abbey of Sery, which may be dated approximately in 1130 and 1138, that 
a Hugh de Bailleul had two sons, Bernard and Eustace.^ To the earlier 
of these charters Hugh and his son Eustace are witnesses ; to the second 
Hugh and his son Bernard appear in the same relation. If the supposition 
be correct which makes Hugh to be the lord of Bailleul-en-Vimeu and 
the brother of Guy of England, then Bernard, failing Eustace, who must 
either have been the younger son, or have died childless, was the 
heir to the lands in Picardy as he was the successor to his uncle Guy in 

There is no evidence that Guy de Baliol formed one of the first 
expedition, which overthrew the English king and his power at Hastings, 

' Wido de Balliol occurs as a witness to a grant of Notfeld, in Surrey, by Henry I. to the priory of St 
Vulmar, at Boulogne. With one exception the other witnesses are all persons of high official position, or 
relations of the king. His connection with Picardy appears to be the reason why he appears in the list. 
It might seem from this that he was the owner of the Picardy lordships of his house, but it probably 
does not imply more than that he was connected with a great local family, and in favour with the 
king. Dugdale's Monasticon, ed. Caley, etc. 1817, vol. vi. p. 11 14. 

• Note to a pedigree in M. de Belleval's Jean de Bailleul, p. 48. M. de Belleval calls Hugh sire de 
Bailleul-en-Vimeu, but gives no proof of the statement. 

Vol. VI. 3 


nor, indeed, is there any certain proof that he came to Enghmd in the 
time of the Conqueror.' 

That he was possessed of large estates in the time of his successor, the 
Red King, is established upon documentary evidence of absolute authority.^ 
He received from William Rufus a mediety of the manor of Bywell on the 
Tyne, probably including Woodhorn with its appendages, the manor of 
Gainford with Stainton, the vills of Marwood and Middleton, and the forests 
of Marwood and Teesdale in the valley of the Tees. This grant, consisting 
of estates carved out of the large possessions of the earldom of Northumber- 
land, comprised within it the regalities and immunities of a great baronial 
franchise, the right of gallows, power to judge felons taken within the 
liberty, and the chattels of felons convicted in the lord's court. ^ 

The centres of these two great Baliol lordships, Bywell and Marw^ood, 
present features in some respects similar, though they differ widely in others. 
Both are situated on large rivers and each guards the access to the lower 
parts of the valley in which it is placed, the Durham site being higher up 
the river than that which stands on the Tyne. They are both planted among 
rich and fertile fields with bleak and wild uplands in near neighbourhood. 

At Bywell, the castle, which is later, however, than the time of the 
Baliols,^ lies close by the river, in times of flood scarcely out of reach of its 

' In Spearman's Enquiry (1729), p. 51, there is an account of the Baliol family in connection with 
Barnard Castle, apparently taken from some previous writer, which contains a passage about Guy Baliol 
and the grant of Bywell, Marwood, and Gainford. There is no reference to any authority for the 
statement, and though there is a certain amount of precision about the relation which might seem 
to be in favour of its correctness, it cannot be regarded as authentic so far at least as the details are 
concerned. ' Guide Baliol in Angliam cum Willielmo Conquestori venit, cui quidem Guidoni 
Willielmus Rufus Rex anno 7 regni sui, pro bono et fideli servitio suo impenso, dedit baroniam de 
Bywell in comitatu Northumbria", eumque baronem iude fecit, deditque praeterea idem Rex Willielmus 
dicto tempore forestas de Teasdale et Marwood simul cum dominiis de Middleton in Teasdale et 
Gainford cum omnibus eorum regalitatibus et immunitatibus ad inde spectantibus.' 

- ' Hugo de Baillol tenet in capite de domino Rege baroniam de Bywelle cum pertinenciis per 
servicium quinque militum. Et tamen debet ad wardam Novi Castri super Tynam xxx milites. Omnes 
vero antecessores sui tenuerunt per eadem servicia post tempus domini Regis Willelmi Ruffi, qui eos 
feoffavit; et de feoffamento illo nichil alienatum est vel datum per maritagium vel elemosinam vel aliquo 
modo unde dominus Rex minus habeat de servicio suo.' Testa de Nevill, Record .Series, p. 392. The 
thirty men he had to find for castle-ward at Newcastle-upon-Tyne probably represented one from each 
of the thirty fees held by the Baliols throughout England, but which were all to be provided out of the 
Bywell baronv. 

' The rights of one of the Baliol baronies are given in full in the pleadings of a suit before the 
King's Justices at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 21 Edw. I. ' Item Johannes rex Scotiffi habet apud Castrum 
Bernardi infra praedictas libertates (Dunelm.) : mercatum, feriani, pillorium, et tumberell, furcas et 
infangenethef, et capit catella felonum dampnatorum in curia sua, et h.abet ibi liberam chaceam et liberam 
warennam in omnibus terris suis in libertate praedicti Episcopi.' Ryley, Placita ParUamentana, p. 169. 

■■ There does not appear to have been a castle or any such like fortified place at Bywell when it was 
in the hands of the Baliols. Had there been one it is almost certain that some remains of it would have 
been left. At Bywell, as the centre of the fee, there must, however, have been some adequate place of 


waters, the stream flowing gently with ripphng shallows over a pebbly bed. 
Along the river side, and not far distant from the house and court of the 
lord, were the houses of his retainers, with two churches in near proximity, 
one attached to the Baliol fee, the other to the conterminous one of Bolbec. 
Among the houses were those of the miller, the carpenter, the baker, the 
pounder, and other needful folk, not the least important being that of the 
smith with his forge ; he, the oldest as he is the greatest of all noble 
craftsmen, for ' by hammer and hand all arts do stand,' who has a pedigree 
in comparison with which that of Baliol is but of yesterday. Across 
the river stretched the weir, as well a dam for the lord's mill, as a 
provision, in the trap it contained, for catching the salmon in their ascent 
up-stream, and forming a very valuable property among the rights of 
the barony.' 

At Barnard Castle, the other north country Baliol lordship, into 
which Marwood has developed, the castle stands high upon the precipitous 
rock which there bounds the Tees on its northern bank. Unlike the 
Tyne, the river flows in a broken and angry course over a rocky bed, 
through which it wears its way, for many a mile. The castle rises in 
strength and dominates the town, which gathers in a closely packed mass 
beneath it, suggesting the commanding rule of the lord as well as his 
protecting hand. 

In addition to Bywell, Marwood, and Gainford, the great lordships in 
Tynedale and Teesdale, given him by William Rufus about 1093, Guy de 
Baliol was possessed of Stokesley with the forest of Basedale in Cleveland, 
probably by grant from the same king.'^ As he gave land in the hundred of 
that place, he appears to have been the owner of the manor of Hitchin 

residence for the lord, and other buildings appurtenant to a great franchise. The names of witnesses 
to many Baliol charters give evidence of their having been executed in the lord's court there, and in one 
case, a grant of land from Adam de Stokesfeld to Sir Alexander de Kaylliol {Durham Treasury, Misc. 
Chart. No. 251), one of the witnesses is William de Kodheclin, senescal of Biwell. 

' In a grant from John de Stokesfelde to Sir Robert de Estouteville and dame Alaynor de Gounure 
his wife, widow of Alexander de Baliol, mention is made of the ' loc ' and fishery at Bywell. Dur. 
Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 252. 

^ The extent of the manor is set out in Kirkby's Inquest, Surt. Soc. No. 49, p. 133, as follows: 
Stokeslay, Batherby, Ingleby juxta Grenehowe, Parva Browghton, Dromondby, KyrUeby, Magna Buskeby, 
Parva Buskby, Scoterskelff, Thoraldby, et Neweby. It consisted of four fees, and had a fair granted by 
Henry III. In Domesday, the manerium in Stocheslage had a soke comprising Codeschelf, Turoldesbi, 
Englebi, Broctune, Tametun, Cherchebi, Dragmalebi, Buschebi et alia IJuschebi. Domesday, Record 
Series, vol. i. p. 331 b. Hugo de Eure, son of Ada de Baliol by her marriage with John fitz Robert, 
then the owner, when summoned in 1290 to show warrant for various privileges he claimed, stated 
that they had been held by his grandfather, Hugo de Baliol, and his ancestors from the time of the 
Conquest. Placita cic quo warranto, Record Series, p. 194. 


(Hiche), in Hertfordshire, an early Baliol fee, though it is stated in the 
Testa de Ncvill lo have been given to the Baliols by grant of Henry H.' 

Like many of the great barons who benefited by the conquest and 
redistribution of Enghind, Guy de Baliol was a large benefactor to the 
church. The spirit which impelled these great landed lords to such liberal 
endowments was surely not merely that of a base superstitious fear, or of 
an attempt to condone offences against an outraged Deity by a gift. It 
was rather, it may be hoped, the desire to provide the people who belonged 
to them, and among whom they lived, with the means of securing a better 
instruction and of aspiring to higher and more humane feelings than the 
incidents and experiences of their daily life afforded them. 

Guy de Baliol gave land at Hexton in Hitchin hundred to the abbey 
of St. Albans.^ To St. Mary's abbey at York he gave the church of 
Stokesley, with a carucate of land there and the tithe of the demesne ; the 
church of Gainford with two bovates of land and the tithe of the demesne ; 
and the church of Stainton (a member of Gainford), with two bovates of 
land and the tithe of the demesne. The grant was made for the souls of 
his lord King Henry, of Henry's father William the Conqueror, and his 
mother Queen Matilda, his brother William Rufus, his son William (drowned 
in the White Ship), as well as for the souls of members of his own family.^ 

The name of his wife was Dionysia, by whom he had a daughter, Hawis, 
who married William Bertram, lord of Mitford. Her father, Guy, gave her 

' The extent of the manor held in capite of the king by the service of two knights' fees, is ,tjiven in 
an inquisition taken in Deceml^er, 1268, on the death of John de Baliol. (/«'/. />.'». 53 Hen. III. 
Record Series, vol. i. p. 33.) In the Tista dc NcviU, p. 265 b, John de Baliol is stated to hold it, of 
the old feoffment, by the service of one-and-a-half knight's fees, paying by the hand of Robert de 
Cherleton his senescal li marcs. In the same record, p. 281 b, it is valued at ^100. A further entry 
connected with it occurs in the Testa, p. 269 b, under the date of 19 Hen. 111. (1234-5): 'Hugo de 
Baillol tenet Hiche in capite de domino Rege in augmento baroniae suae, de dono Henrici Regis avi 
Domini Regis, et defendit terram cum alia baronia sua per feodum duorum militum.' 

^ ' Wido de Bailul dedit Sancto Albano et fratribus ad victum eorum unam virgatam terrae in 
Hehstanstune.' Brit. Mus. Cotton MSS. Nero ' D ' 7, fol. 94 b. He occurs in the list of 'Nomina 
seculariorum et fraternitatum receptorum,' fol. 1 19 v. 

' 'Omnibus videntibus vel audientibus, tam modernis quam posteris, litteras has, Guide de Balliolo 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse in pura elemosina Deo et Sanctae Mariae et abbaciae Eboracensi ecclesiam 
de Stokesley et unam carucatam terrae in eadem villa, et decimam de dominio meo ejusdem villae, et 
ecclesiam de Gaynesford et duas bovatas terrae et decimam de dominio meo ejusdem manerii, et 
ecclesiam de Steynton et duas bovatas terrae et decimam de dominio meo ejusdem villae, pro anima 
Henrici regis domini mei et patris ejus regis Willelmi et matris ejus reginae Matild' et fratris ejus regis 
Willelmi, et filii ejus Willelmi, et pro anima mea et Dionisiae uxoris meae et Bernardi de Balliolo nepotis 
mei, et pro animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum. Et hoc sciatis quod banc donacionem feci sine 
omni terreno servicio. Testibus, Raynero dapifero meo, et Vitali de Stokesley et Haithclardo et 
Roberto presbitero et Sauhala presbitero. Et banc elemosinam feci pro animabus patris mei et 
matris meae et omnium parentum meorum.' Minster Library, York, xvi. 'A,' i, Reg. S. Marine Ehor. 
fol. 304. In the margin is the note, ' Ista carta jacet inter cartas fundatorum, cellula quarta, littera A,' 


the socage of Stainton,' a member of Gainford ; the lordship of the place 
remained, however, with that of Gainford, in the main line of Baliol until 
the forfeiture of John, the king of Scotland. He also gave her Bechefeld, in 
the barony of Baliol.^ The only incident in his life, beyond grants to 
religious houses, which has been recorded, is a prohibition, issued probably 
in the first decad of the twelfth century, from Henry I. forbidding him to 
hunt in the forests of Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham.' The time of his' 
death is uncertain.'' He left no son, and was succeeded by his nephew, 
Bernard, probably the son of a brother, Hugh.' 

His successor, Bernard,*^ was the builder of the great stronghold on the 
height of Marwood, which, under the name of Barnard Castle, supplanted 
the old Anglian name of the place. There is nothing left to show at what 
period of Bernard's life the castle was built.'' It is doubtful if any portion 
of his work remains, the greater part of the present building is certainly of 
many different and later times. Towering, as it does, over the river on one 
side, and enclosed by woods and gardens on the others, it presents a picture 
alike impressive by its massive strength and soothing by its gracious 
surroundings, and may claim, from its position and imposing outlines, to 

' Roger Bertram, son of William and Hawis, by a deed, executed between 1149 and 1152, confirmed 
to St. Mary's, York, the grant of the church at Stainton. ' Rogerus Bertram omnibus amicis suis et 
Sanctae Ecclesiae fidelibus, tarn praesentibus quam futuris, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae Ebor., consilio venerabilium episcoporum Willelmi 
Dunelm. et Adelwoldi Carleol., ecclesiam de Staynton cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, liberam et quietam, 
quam pater meus Willelmus et avus ineus Wido de Bailliol eidem ecclesiae dederunt, pro anima 
patris mei et matris meae, necnon et salute mea, parentumque meorum, tarn vivorum quam 
defunctorum. Testibus hiis. Willelmo episcopo Dunelm., Adelev' episcopo Carlel', Laurencio priore 
Dunehnensi, Ranulfo archidiacono, Nicholao priore de Brincheburgh, Magistro Laurencio.' Reg. S. 
Marine Ebor. fol. 312 v. 

' Socagiuni baroniae de Bayll'. 'Hares Rogeri Bertram tenet Bechefeld in maritagium.' Testa de 
Nevill, p. 388. 

^ Leland, Collectanea, ed. 1770, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 389. ' Guido de Baleol in Durhamshire, tempore 
Henrici primi prohibitus ne fugeret in forestis Ranulphi Episcopi Dunelmen. Teste Wald(ric) 
cancellario meo apud Barton super Humbram.' 

' Walbran, in the History of Gainford, p. 127, note *, says he was alive in 1 1 12, but he gives no 
authority for the statement. He also states that he was alive after 1 109, to which year he attributes the 
writ of prohibition by Henry I. There is no ground, however, for assigning any year to the issuing of 
the w-rit, which, however, on account of its being witnessed by Waldric, must have been before 1 107. 

'Walbran, p. 147, says he was informed by Sir Thomas PhiUipps, bart., that the name of Wido's 
wife was Agnes, and that Barnard had two brothers, Guy and Hugh. This information, he says, was 
obtained from charters in France. It is unfortunate that he gave no reference to where the charters were. 

' The succession of Bernard to his uncle Guy was not according to the ordinary laws of descent, for 
Guy had a daughter to whom his lordships would naturally have passed. It is possible, as Mr. Longitaffe 
has suggested in a paper on Stainton-in-the-Street (Arch. Ael. vol. iii. new series, p. 75), that arrange- 
ments of the nature of entails might have then existed, and that Bernard succeeded under some 
such special settlement. 

' Walbran, History of Gainford, p. 127, says the castle was built between the years 11 12 and 1132, 
citing in note * a charter, containing the words ' capella de castello Bernardi,' which he thinks was 
granted between 1131 and July 171I1, 1132; he adduces this as proof that it was built before the latter 
date. The deed is a grant by abbot Clement, and cannot be earlier than 1161, when he succeeded. 
Only the initial C of the name is written, which Walbran appears to have read as G, the initial of 
Godfrid, who, becoming abbot in 1131, died July 17th, 1132. Reg. S. Mariae Ebor. fol. 305. 


hold its own even when compared with most of the other noble castles 
of the north. The erection of a residence for the lord with all the 
necessary apparatus for a j^reat franchise necessarily added to the existing 
population of the old vill of Marwood. The place thus became so important 
that Bernard de Baliol created it a borough, with rights, liberties, and 
privileges, similar to those which had been granted by Alan of Brittany, 
earl of Richmond, to his burgesses of that place. Bernard's charter no 
longer exists, but that of his son, confirming it/ and others, also 
confirmatory, granted by members of the family, still remain, some with 
the seals attached, among the muniments of the town of Barnard Castle. 

Bernard Baliol, in 1130-1, in Yorkshire and Northumberland, was 
pardoned, by the king's brief to the sheriff, £6 15s., and another sum of 42s.; 
and in the same counties, for Danegeld, 37s. id. In Essex and Herts, he 
was pardoned five marcs of silver, and in Herts, for Danegeld, 33s. /[d} In 
1 1 61-2 he paid £ 20 for scutage for the army of Toulouse.' 

Bernard de Baliol came into intimate relations with David, king of 
Scotland, who, through his early bringing up at the court of his relative, Henry 
I., had become influenced by Norman habits and manners, and attached 
to many members of the great feudatories of the English crown. Bernard 
must have often resided in Scotland, for his name occurs attached as a witness 
to numerous charters of King David. That he occupied a favourable position 
with David is shown by the large grants of land in Scotland which he had 
from the king. It is possible, indeed, that this Scottish connection may have 
led to the marriage of his descendant, John, with the great heiress of Galloway, 
which brought the throne of Scotland to his son. In spite of this relationship 
with David, he was one of those who endeavoured to dissuade him from his 
intended war with England, and he still further showed his faithfulness to his 
own country -by forming one of the army which defeated the Scottish king at 
the battle of the vStandard, fought on Cowton Moor, August 22nd, 1138.^ 
Before this, in 11 35, together with King David, he had done homage to the 
Empress Matilda, and in 1140 he supported William Cumin, the chancellor 
of Scotland, when, with the connivance of the empress and David, he intruded 
himself into the see of Durham.' His adherence to the invader of the 

' His charter, which has attached to it an imperfect seal, is printed in Hutchinson's History of 
Durham, vol. iii. p. 233. Surtees, History 0/ Diirhain, vol. iv. p. 71. 

^ Magnum Rotulum Scaccarii, ed. Hunter, Record Series, pp. 28, 34, 42, 57, 62. 

" Red Book of the Exchequer, Rolls Series, p. 29, 8 Hen. II. Eboracsira. 

' Ric. Hagustald., Priory of Hexham, vol. i. p. 89; Chron. of Reign of Stephen, etc., vol. iv. p. 161. 

^ Simeon of Durham, Continuatio, ed. Bedford p. 265 ; ed, Arnold, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 144. 



bishopric of Durham must have been shaken when Cumin, about Christmas 
in the same year, plundered Baliol's lands and slew many of his men.^ It is, 
however, possible that he had even before then withdrawn his support of 
Cumin and his adherence to the empress : in any case, he shortly after 
transferred his allegiance to King Stephen, and was taken prisoner with him 
at the battle of Lincoln, February 2nd, 1141.'' The public records of the 
kingdom at the time are very incomplete, and it could not therefore be ' 
expected that many notices of him in his relation to the affairs of the crown 
and its officials should occur. In 1162, the sheriff of Yorkshire, Bertram de 
Bulmer, accounted for the scutage of Bernard de Baliol, who had paid ;^20 
into the treasury.^ Like his uncle, he was a benefactor of the church, 
granting a confirmation of Guy's gift of Gainford to the monks of St. Mary's 
abbey, in which occurs the clause, ' as it was given by Wido de Baliol, my 
uncle, from whom I have heirship.''' By an agreement, which must have 
been made at the same time as Bernard's confirmation, for the witnesses to 
both are identical, it was arranged that, during his own life and that of his 
heir next to come, Bernard Baliol should have the nomination of a parson 
to serve the church of Gainford. The parson so nominated was to be 
presented to the bishop of Durham by the abbot of St. Mary himself, and he 
(the parson) was to pay, during the life time of Bernard and his heir 
next to come, 40s. yearlv to the abbot. The confirmation and agree- 
ment were probably made not long after Savaric became abbot, in 11 32.* 

' Simeon of Durham, Continiiatio, ed. Bedford, p. 265 ; ed. Arnold, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 283. 

■ Joh. HagListald., TK'ysdfii Decern Script., p. 269; Priory of Hexham, Surt. Soc. vol. i. p. 134. 

' Rot. Pipac (Yorkshire), 8 Henry II. rot. 6. 

* ' B. de Balliolo . . . Sciatis me concessisse . . . S. Mariae Ebor, ecclesiam de Gainesford 
cum capella de castello Bernard! et aliis pertinentiis suis . . . quam ecclesiam Wido de Balliolo 
mens avunculus de quo hereditatem habeo, praefato monasterio dedit . . . pro salute animae ipsius 
Widonis et pro salute animae meae et patris et matris meae, necnon et filiorum meorum vivorum et 
defunctorum.' Crawford Collection of Charters, Bodleian Library, 1895, No. xviii. p. 34^ 

' ' Notum sit omnibus legentibus vel audientibus litteras has, hoc esse prolocutum de ecclesia de 
Gaynesford, inter Savaricum abbalem et monachos Sanctae Mariae Ebon, et Bernardum de Balliolo, quod 
si vivente Bernardo et primo herede suo post ipsam venturo, personam praefalae ecclesiae de Gaynesford 
providere contigeret, ipse Bernardus vel heres suus talem eliget personam quae legitima sit, eleciamque 
abbati et monachis Sanctae Mariae Ebor. transmittet. -A-bbas vero sola sua auctoritate earn episcopo 
Dunelmensi praesentabit. Suscipiens autem persona ecclesiam abbati et monachis per sacranientum 
fidelitatis alligabitur. De beneticiis autem sepedictae ecclesiae retinet abbas in manu sua, vivente 
Bernardo et herede suo primo post ipsum venturo, singulis annis .\1 solidos, quos reddent ei clerici qui 
interim tenebunt ecclesiam. Postquam vero mortui fuerint Bernardus et heres suus primus, nichil 
ulterius pertinebit ad aliquem suorum successorum de eligenda persona, set talis per abbatem et monachos 
si intromittet de ecclesia qui idoneus erit, et ipsa ecclesia postea remanebit monasterio Sanctae Mariae 
Ebor., soluta et quieta et libera ab omni consuctudine terrena, sicut pura et perpetua elemosina. Testibus. 
Ingelramo de Ball', Waltero de Heding', Daniele filio Walteri, Paulino medico, Hereberto de Doura 
clerico Bernardi de Ball', Raynero de Stolcesley, Elsi de Neuton, Waltero de Abbeuilla.' Reg. S. Mariae 
Ebor. fol. 306. 



In Northumberland he gave to the canons of He.xham the manor of 
Stelling, and, at Newbiggen-on-the-Sea, a member of the manor of 
Woodhorn, and part of the great Baliol fee in Northumberland,' a 
toft, and two acres of land ; to Newminster abbey he gave another 
toft in Nevvbiggen,^ and to the priory of Brinkburn he gave a dwelling 
(mansura) in the same place, which was exchanged for another by his son 
Bernard, who addresses his charter to all his men, French and English, and 
especially to his ' burgesses ' of Newbyggyng.^ Out of his Scottish estates he 
gave a fishery in the Tweed pertaining to Wudehorne, called Wudehorne 
stelle, to the monastery of Kelso/ A grant of fifteen librates of land at 
Wedelee in Dynnesley, otherwise Preston, a member of his manor of 
Hitchin in Hertfordshire, which he made, with the consent of his son 
Ingelram, to the knights of the Temple, was executed under very unusual 
circumstances, which seem to emphasize the importance of the gift. It 
was done at Paris in a chapter of the order, in the presence of the pope, 
Eugenius III. (1145-1153), the king of France, four archbishops, and one 
hundred and thirty knights of the Temple.' 

It is difficult to form an estimate of the character of Bernard Baliol 
from the few incidents of his life which have been recorded. What is 
known, however, is favourable to him. He conducted himself in very 
troublous times in such a way as on more than one occasion to save himself 
from a position which might have been perilous. He increased the 
possessions of his house and added to its influence, and, by the erection of 
the great castle on the Tees, he made himself secure against attack from 
more than one quarter. To the right and just ordering of his retainers and 

' Priory of Hexham, Surt. Soc. No. 46, vol. ii. p. 116. 

^ Newminster Cartulary, Surt. Soc. No. 66, pp. 244, 245. 

' Brinkburn Cartulary, Surt. Soc. No. 90, pp. 144, 145. 

* This grant was confirmed by King David, Bernard Baliol the second, Hugh Baliol, Bernard the 
first's great-grandson, and Richard, bishop of Durham. The charter was witnessed by Bernard's sons 
Wide (Guy) and Bernard. Liber S. Mariae de Calchou, Bannatyne Club, pp. 24, 42, 43. 

' The following abstract of this very interesting charter is made from a transcript of the original 
document m ' Registrum munimentorum, etc., prioratus hospitalis S. Johannis Jerusalem in .^nglia, 
etc.,' British Museum, Cotton MSS., Nero ' E ' vi. i Rubric x.wi., folio, new 125, old 118: ' Bernardus 
de Ballolio salutem, etc., volo notum fieri omnibus, etc., quod pro dilectione Dei et salute animae meae, 
antecessorumque meoium, fratribus miiitibus de templo Salomonis xv"'" libratas terrae meae quam in 
Anglia possideo perpetuo in elemosinam, libere et absque ulla consuetudine, dedi et concessi Wedelee 
nommatini, quae est membrum de Hichen,etc., filio meo Ingelramo concedente et assentiante. Hoc donum 
in capitolio quod in octavis Paschae Parisiisfuit feci ; Domino apostolico Eugenio praesente et ipso rege 
Franciae et Archiepiscopo Senn' (Senonensi), etc., et fratribus miiitibus templi alba clamide indutis c""" 
et xxx'" praesentibus, &c. A charter of confirmation by King Stephen occurs at folio 133 b. 


men, gathered about the centre of his franchise, and to their reasonable 
independence, he showed himself well disposed, when he made Barnard 
Castle into a borough, with all its attendant privileges. His gifts to religious 
houses have already been noticed. One of the most creditable of his 
actions, which indeed may be called noble, was the part he took in 
endeavouring to prevent David of Scotland from continuing the cruel and 
devastating invasion of England which he was carrying on before the battle' 
of the Standard. This was the more praiseworthy by reason of the relations 
between them. Baliol was indebted to David for large grants of land, was 
in fact under the feudal system his man, and therefore bound to him by 
many a strong tie, which might have prevented a weaker and less 
honourable character from assuming the office of peacemaker. It is 
pleasing to remember that another northern baron, similarly circumstanced, 
Robert de Brus, was equally a partner in the same good purpose. Each 
of these two great lords, thus associated in an attempt in a politic and 
humane cause, was also the progenitor of a king of Scotland. Bernard 
Baliol had the reputation of being a brave and skilful soldier, and was 
engaged in many warlike operations, not always, however, with success. 
One of the chroniclers says of him, that he was most experienced in 
military affairs. 

According to a charter executed between 1 127 and 1144, granting to the 
abbey of Clunv certain altars in the diocese of Amiens, which the grantors, 
Bernard and his children, had bv inheritance, the name of Bernard's wife was 
Mathildis ; four sons are mentioned, Igerrannus (Ingelram), Guv, Eustace, 
and Bernard, and a daughter, Atuidis, as well as brothers, one of whom was 
called Radulf He appears to have died in 1167, when he was succeeded 
by his son, Bernard. Dugdale in his Baronage does not recognise more 
than one Bernard, but, in addition to the improbability of a life having lasted 
so long as would be requu-ed had there been only one of the name, there 
is the evidence of charters and other documents showing that there were 
two. Among others is the second Bernard's grant of confirmation to the 
burgesses of Barnard Castle, where he assures to them the privileges given 
by his father. The Liber J^itae of the church of Durham is conclusive on 

' Cal. of Documents in France, ed. Round, vol. i. p. 513. The altars were those of Dompierie 
(Domnopetro), Bailleul CBaioUio), T(o)urs, Ercourt (Aerdicuria), Ramburelles ('Ramburellis), Al(l)enai. 
The grant was probably made in 11.38 or short'y before then, as in that year it was confirmed by 
Guarinus, bishop of Amiens. Gnllia Christiana, vol. .\. p. 1174. 

Vol. VI. 4 


the matter, for in the list of benefactors there occur the entries, Bernardus 
Bailiol senior, Bernardus junior, his son.' 

In the year 1168, after Bernard the second had succeeded, he was fined 
twenty pounds for not rendering an account of what he held in chief of the 
king by production of his charters.''^ Two years afterwards he freed his 
lands, which had been seized into the king's hands, by a payment of two 
hundred marcs, of which he had paid 100 marcs, leaving 100 marcs still 
owing, which were paid before the next year's account.' The same year he 
owed ^4 for a forfeiture in Newebigginge." In 1 1 73 he rendered account 
for the scutage of Ireland." In 1 194-5 the sheriff of Northants rendered 
account of Bernard Baliol for 20s."; and, in 1 197-8, the same sheriff owed 
20s. for his third scutge,' part of which was still owing in 1 199-1200.'* 

Bernard Baliol followed in the steps of his ancestors in giving liberally 
to various monastic houses. In a grant he made to Edmund de Sedtun of a 
third part of Setun, he burdened the land with a yearly sum of one marc of 
silver, to be paid to the abbey of St. Andrew of He.xham, for the souls of 
Bernard de Baillolo, his father, and Guy, his brother. In augmentation of 
the third part of Setun, he further gave him sixty-four acres and one rood 
upon Dethederig, for which he was to render, on the part of Bernard, every 
year at Christmas, twelve pence for castleward at Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
[Reddoido per atiimni ad Natale Domini dundecim denarios pro me 
custodiae doinini Regis apiid Novum Castrum super Tinam)^ He con- 

' Lihcy Vilttc. Surt. Soc. No. 13, p. 103. The entries are very full and conclusive. 'Bernardus Bail' 
senior. | Bernardus junior, filius ejus. | Ingelram de b. filius ejus, i Wid' et Euslacius filii ejus. | Matilda 
mater et Hawisia et altera Hawis, et domina Agnes de Pinchenei uxor junioris Bernardi. | Rogerus 
filius Hugonis nepos ejus, et Johannes frater Rogeri.' 

"■ Rot. Pipae, T4 Hen. II. Pipe Roll Society, vol. xii. p. 172. .All the references to the Pipe rolls 
which concern the Bywell barony may be found in Hodgson's Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. The 
greatest credit is due to the Rev. John Hodgson for having printed the whole cf the entries connected 
with the county in those most valuable historical records the Pipe rolls. It is a strange and 
deplorable fact that even now the complete series of Pipe Rolls, as well as of other equally indispensable 
state documents have not been printed by the authority of the nation. 

' Rot. Pipae (Northumberland), 16 Hen. II. Pipe Roll Soc. vol. .\v. p. 48. ' Ibid, p 51. 

' Ibid. 19 Hen. II. Pipe Roll Soc. vol. .\ix. p. 112. " Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 82. 

■ Rot. Pipae (Northamptonshire), 9 Ric. I. rot. 6 dorso. ' Ibid, i John, rot. 2. 

° The original charter, wanting the seal, is preserved among the muniments of Sir Arthur E. 
Middleton, ban., at Belsay. Sealon, in the manor of Woodhorn, part of the Baliol fee, was ultimately, 
if not at the time of this deed, divided into three parts. The payment of one marc represents a third of 
40s., a rent given out of Seaton to the abbey of Hexham by Bernard Baliol. Hexham Priory, vol. ii. 
p. 42. Surt. Soc. The number of witnesses (given below) is very large, and appears to include the names 
of persons from various parts of the Baliol fees, including one from Hitchin in Herefordshire, and at 
least two from Picardy. 'His testibus. Guidone de bouis curia, Hugone de Tillelai, Reginaldo de 
Neutun, Roberto de Rue, Osberto de Hiche, Hugone capellano, Petro diacono de Loisun, Nicholao de 
Nuebi, Guidone de Balreim, Waltero de Hestdib, Helya fratre Roberti de Rue, Hugone de Sancto 
Germano, Waltero filio Mauricii, Ingelramo de Loisun, Hugone filio Reginaldi, Thoma filio Gille, 


Sarony of balioL. 27 

firmed to the abbey of St. Mary at York the gift of the church of Gainford, 
the church of the castle of Bernard, and the church of Middleton, with two 
bovates of land and a toft and croft.' In this charter he mentions that in 
the time of his father the churches of the castle of Bernard and Middleton 
were chapels. It is difficult to understand what is meant by that expression, 
for Barnard Castle has always until quite lately been merely a chapel 
under Gainford. Some change in the status of that church at the two 
periods seems to be implied by the terms of Bernard's confirmation. 
To another great Yorkshire monastery, Rievaux, he gave large grants 
of pasturage in his forest of Teesdale, with land as well, and similar 
pasturage in his forest of Westerdale, in Cleveland, and land in 
addition. These charters" are of much interest, on account of the full 
details there given of boundaries, numbers and kinds of horses and cattle, 
and the various things connected with them. They show also a sense of 
obligation to the king, Henry II., all the grants being made for the soul of 
the king as well as for those of Bernard's relatives, his father Bernard, 
his uncle Jocelin, and his wife Agnes de Pinchenei. He gave to the same 
monks a fishery at Neasham on the Tees, with lands and other rights.^ To 
the abbey of Whitby he granted the churches of Ingleby and Kirkby, and 
confirmed his brother Guv's a;rant of the mill of Inglebv.'' Guv de Baliol, 
apparently his elder brother, who had died during his father's lifetime, is 
mentioned in a confirmation charter of King Stephen to the monastery of St. 
Pancras, at Lewes, a dependency of the great abbey of Cluny.^ He appears 
there as the grantor of Faxton (Fakestuna) which, with Waldegrave and 
Multon, all in Northamptonshire, were part of the Baliol fee and held of the 
honour of Castle Barnard." Guy de Baliol confirmed to St. Mary's, York, 

Radulpho filio Gille, Eustacio de Werweyton, Baldwino de B'cistone, Rogero p'tore (pistore) de Castello 
Bernardi, Odo coco, Fouberto coco. Ri (parchment eaten away), Rann' clerico de Stanfordham, Ricardo 
de Stellig, Jordano de Heddun, Ada filio Symonis (Syois), Ada de Hydelai, Galfrido de Lelleforde.' 

' ' Bernardus de Baillol . . . sciatis me concessisse . . . ecclesiae Sanctae Mariae Eboraci . . . 
ecclesiam de Gainford cum omn. pert, suis, et ecclesiam de Castello Bernardi cum omn. pert, suis, et 
ecclesiam de Midelton cum omn. pert. suis. Et in eadem villa de Midelton duas bovatas terrae cum 
tofto et crofto. Sciendum est autem quod ecclesiae praenominatae, scilicet, de Castello Bernardi et de 
Midelton fuerunt capellae in tempore patris mei.' Original charter, Brit. Mus. Cart. Cott. v. 75. Seal 
equestrian. Cat. of. Seals in Brit. Mus. vol. ii. p. 241, No. 5643. Keg. S. Mariae Eboy. fol. 304 v. 

-■ Cartulary of Rievaux. Surt. Soc. No. 83, pp. 67, 155. ' Ibid. pp. 67, 126, 153. 

' Whitby Cartulary. Surt. Soc. No. 69, vol. i. p. 55. 

' Cal. of Documents in France, ed. Round, vol. i. p. 512. 

" Under the heading ' Feoda Johannis de Baillol in honore Castri Bernard,' Adam de Perington 
held four fees in Faxton, Waldegrave, and Multon. Testa de Nevill, p. 37. The same Adam also held 
of John de Baliol, in the barony of By well, Ellington, Cressewelle and Hayden, as one fee of the old 
feoffment. /. c. p. 385. In Bridges' Northamptonshire, vol. i. p. 417, Guydo Baliol, in the time of 
Henry II., is said to have held one hide and a half and a virgate of land in Moulton, of the fee of Fa.\ton, 
and p. 418, John de Baliol is stated to have had a knight's fee there, 24 Edw. I. 


tlic church of Gainford, willi its members, which, as he says in his charter, 
his father, Bernard, had given to the abbey, as Wido de Balliol (the original 
donor) had granted it.' From his Hertfordshire estate of Hitchin, Bernard 
made gifts of land to the abbey of St. Albans. 

The reputation of his house for vigour, determination, and a generous 
courage did not suffer at the hands of Bernard Baliol the younger, who is 
called bv William of Newburgh, a man noble and magnanimous. A story is 
told of him bv the chroniclers which is much to his credit as a bold and 
tactful soldier. It relates that when William the Lion, king of Scotland, in 
1 1 74 had invaded England, and was investing Alnwick, a body of troops, 
led by Robert de Stuteville, Ranulf de Glanville, William de Vesci, 
Bernard de Baliol, and other great lords, left Newcastle to relieve the 
place. On the wav they became involved in a fog so dense that they 
could not see their wav- The counsel of the leaders was, the perhaps 
prudent one, to return. Bernard Baliol gave the more courageous advice 
to advance. He exclaimed, 'Let who will return. \, if alone, will go on. 
Away with a course which will cover us with the stain of lasting infamy.' 
His bold proposal was adopted, and the relief of Alnwick, the capture of 
King William, and the total defeat of the Scottish army, July 13th, 11 74, 
were the results.^ 

' Reg. S. Marine Ehor. fol 304 v. 

■ William of Newburgh, CJtron. of the Reigns of Stephen, etc., Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 183. 

Jordan Fantosme, spiritual chancellor of Winchester, has given in verse a very graphic and detailed 
account of the war between the English and Scots in 1173 and 1174, of the events of which he was an 
eye-witness. Speaking about what took place when the troops were overtaken by the fog on the march 
to Alnwick, he says : 

1. 1742. Dist Bernard de Baillo : ' Ki ore n'ad hardement, 
Ne deit aveir honur ne rien qu'i lui apent.' 

Relating the events of the fight, he mentions some of the battle cries of the followers of the commanders ; 

1. 1774. Jo ne cunt mie fable cume si qui ad 01, 

Mes cum celui qui i fud ; et jo meismes le vie. 
Quant ces unt ja crie I'enseigne de Vesci, 
E ' Glanvile chevaliers I ' et ' Bailol ' autresi, 
Odinel de Umfranvile relevad le suen cri, 
E cil d' EstuteviUe, chevalier haidi. 

He says of William de Mortimer that in the battle he fought like a mad wild boar, but 
1. 1S67. II trovad cuntre lui un seur chevalier, 

Dan Bernart de Baillo dunt vus m'oez parler ; 

II en ad abatu lui et sun destrier, 

Si Fad mis par fiance, cum I'um fait chevalier, 

Bien le fait Dan Bernart, ne fait pas a blasmere ; 

Al partir de la bataille le saurad I'um loer, 

Ki niielz i ficrt d'espec et mielz fait caplier. 

Jordan Fantosme, Surl. Soc. No. 11, pp. 80, 84. Printed also in Cliroii. 0/ the Reigns of Stephen, 
etc., Rolls Series, vol. iii. pp. 34S, 350, 3sS. 


His wife was Agnes de Pinchenei. Her name occurs as that of his wife 
in the Liber Vitae of Durham (p. 103), and her soul's welfare is mentioned 
in many of her husband's charters. Besides Eustace, he had another son, 
Hugh. He appears to have died before 1193. His successor was his son 

The first notice that occurs of him is that the sheriff of Essex and Herts 
accounts in 1 194-5 for 4°^- of Eustace de Baillol, who held two knight's 
fees.' In 1 198-9 the same sheriff accounts for 80s. paid bv Eustace de Baliol 
for the second and third scutages for the army of Normandy, 40s. for each.^ 
In 1 196-7 the sheriff of Northants accounts for 20s. for one knight's fee.^ In 
consequence of disobeying the king's precept in not being in his service 
beyond sea, in 1199 he was fined 200 marcs of silver, to be paid in three 
instalments." In 1 200-1, he had paid on this account 40 marcs into the 
treasury and still owed 160 marcs, ^ which he seems not to have paid until 
i2og-io, when it was apparently settled." In 11 99- 1200, as heir of Bernard 
de Baliol, he rendered account of 60 marcs for his scutage, of which he had 
paid 10 marcs. He also owe 1 ^,120 for the second and third scutages of 
Richard I., which was remitted by brief of the king.' In 1201 he still owed 
50 marcs, the balance of his own scutage, reduced in 1202 to 40 marcs,** and 
still further reduced in 1208 to 17^ marcs," leaving in 1209, after a payment 
of ^10 i8s. 8d., the sum of 15s. 4d. still owing.' 


Said Bernard de Baliol, 'Whoever now has not boldness, 
Ouu^ht not to have honour or anything that belongs to it.' 

I tell no tale, as one who has heard, 

But as one who was there, and I saw it myself. 
When these had already raised the battle cry of Vesci, 
, And ' C;ianville knights,' and ' Baliol ' as well, 

Odinel de Umfranvile lifted up his own cry, 
And that of Estutevile the brave knight. 

He found confronting him a bold knight, 

Sir Bernard de Baliol, of whom you have heard me speak. 

He struck him down and his charger, 

So he put him on his honour, as one makes a knight. 

Sir Bernard did right, and no one can blame him. 

When the battle is over, one will know how to praise him, 

As he who best plays his sword and fights the best. 

The Baliols appear to have used another battle cry oversea, for John Baliol, king of Scotland, is said 
to have always kept to the old cry of his house, ' Hellicourt-en-Pontieu.' Du Cange, in Petitot. Collection 
ties Mcmoires rehitifs a I'histoire de France, Paris, 1819, vol. iii. p. 242. 

• Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 95. = Rot. Pipae (Essex and Herts), 10 Ric. I. rot. 9 dorso. 
' Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 105. ' Rot. de Ohlaiis (Northumberland), i John, No. 21. 

* Rot. Pipae (Northumberland), 2 John, rot. i . = Ibid. 1 1 John, rot. 1 5 dorso. ' Ibid, i John, rot. 8 dorso. 
' Ibid. 3 John, rot. 17. ' Ibid. 10 John, rot. 7. '" Ibid. 1 1 John, rot. 15 dorso. 


He confirmed, with the assent of his son Hngh, the grants of his 
ancestors to St. Mary's abbey at York.' In conjunction with his father 
Bernard, he had granted two mills in the manor of Woodhorn to the order 
of the knights of St. John of Jerusalem, which was confirmed by King John, 
August 30th, 1199.' To the monastery of Durham he confirmed the church 
of St. Peter at Bywell, which, by the terms of the agreement between 
Durham and St. Albans, had, together with the church of Edlingham, been 
conveyed to Durham. This was done in the words of one charter with the 
advice of his son Hugh,' in the words of another with the consent and will 
of his son.* The first witness to both charters is Hugh, his son and heir.' 
To his grandfather's gift to Kelso abbey he added land near Heley 
Chestres," and he confirmed Bernard's grant to Newminster abbey, adding 
the gift of a fishing boat.' 

So far as has been recorded his life seems to have been uneventful, and 
his name scarcely appears except in charters granted by him. He married, 
for his second wife, the widow of Robert fitz Piers, for which he had 
license in 1190, paying a fine of j^ioo;'' he had paid into the treasury 
£.1"] 8s. id., and was to discharge the remainder by yearly payments of 

' 'Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego Eustacius de Baiilol, assensu et concensu Hiigonis filii mei 
et heredis mei, concessi . . . ecclesiae Beatae Mariae Ebon . . . advocacionem ecclesiae de 
Gaynesford cum capellis de Castello Bernard! et de Midelton et omn. aliis pert, suis, et duas bovatas 
terrae cum tofto et crofto in villa de Midelton praedicta. Habenda . . . adeo libere . . . sicut 
Guido de Baiilol senior, et heredes ejus post eum antecessores, scilicet, mei ea dederunt. . . . 
Praeterea concedo . . . ecclesiam de Stokesley et unam carucatam terrae in eadem villa et decimas 
de dominico meo in eadem villa, et ecclesiam de Steynton et duas bovatas terrae et decimas de dominico 
meo in eadem villa cum omnibus ad eadem pertinentibus. . . . Testibus. Huberto Cantuariensi 
archiepiscopo, Galfrido filio Petri comile Essexiae, tunc capitali justiciario domini Regis, Willelmo de 
Estotutuil, Ricardo de Herierd', Simone de Pateshille, Johanne de Gestlinges, Galfrido de Bocland, 
Rogero constabulario Cestriae, Roberto Vauasour, Willelmo Percy de Gildalle (Kildale) et aliis. In 
hujus rei testimonium tarn ego quam dominus Johannes Francigena et W. officialis Karl ' huic scripto 
sigilla nostra apposuimus. Reg. S. Manac Ehov. fol. 304. Hugh granted a charter in similar terms, 
and with the same witnesses. Fol. 304. 

His confirmation was executed probably after the teimination of a suit he had with St. Mary's 
abbey, out of which it was the issue. Between .Sept. 29 and Oct. 13, 1200, there was a plea between 
Robert, abbot of (St. Mary) York, and Eustace de Baiolo and his son Hugo, of the advowson of the 
church of Gainford with the chapels of Castellum Bernardi, Midelton, Denton, Hoctona, and Sumerhusum. 
Eustace admitted that the advowson belonged to St. Marj's abbey, and undertook to quit-claim it to 
the monks, receiving in return 20 marcs of silver. Pedes Fiitium Ehor. .Surt. .Soc. No. 94, p. 5. 

'" Rot. Chart, in Turri Londin. Record Series, p. 16. 

' Durham Treasury, 2''" 2^"" Spec. No. 7. ' Il>id. No. 7* 

" To each of these charters his seal is still attached. It is round, 2^ inches in diameter. A knight 
galloping to right, wearing a flat-topped helmet, sword in right hand, and shield held on left arm and 
slung round the slioulder, rising to the level of the chin. It bears on the front an escarbuncle. 


° This was confirmed by his son Hugh, to whose charter his brothers Ingelram and r)ernard are 
witnesses. Liber S. Mariae de Catcliou, p. 222. 

' Newminster Cartulary, Surt. Soc. No. 66, p. 244. ' Rut. Pipae (Wiltshire), 2 Ric. I. rot. 10. 

-AtfWMttr ^ o^ Dcntflw wfWl be- CaitiejipK^. ^^ttrV l<mmnttr. CT<*ro Wla«al ♦rYujont^i^s 



£16 6s. Her first husband was probably a relation of Geoffrey fitz Piers, 
earl of Essex, who is a witness to the confirmation deed of Eustace to 
St. Mary's, York. Her christian name appears to have been Petronell. On 
October 17th, 1198, Eustace de Bailliol and Petronell his wife quit- 
claimed land in Sauteharp, Wiltshire, to Gaufrid fitz Peter, whose tenants 
they were, receiving from him thirty marcs of silver.' According to 
the pedigrees he had three sons, Hugo, Ingelram, and Bernard^ ; an entry- 
in the Liber Vitae of Durham adds a fourth, Henry.^ 

He appears to have died 1209- 12 10, being succeeded by his son Hugh, 
who in 1211-1212 was discharged by the sheriff of Northumberland of his 
scutage of thirty fees/ Whether his father was deceased before 1209 or not, 
Hugh had a suit in that year with Robert Bertram about two carucates of 
land in Pentemore, in the course of which, about Easter, Geoffrey Mauduit, 
Roger de Plesseto, David de Buredon, and William fitz Reginald, chose 
twelve men to hold the great assize between the two litigants." Hugh de 
Baliol had on February 25th, 1204, before the death of his father, a grant 
from King John of a fair at Newbigginge on August 23rd and for seven 
days to follow, and of a market on each Friday in the year." 

It may be inferred from this that before then his father Eustace had 
transferred Newbigging to him. He appears, during his father's lifetime, to 
have occupied a position of much importance, and to have been in favour 
with, and of service to. King John. On March 6th, 2 John (1201), the king 
grants leave to Hugh de Baliol to do as much injury to Radulph de Exold', 
count of Eu, as he is able, in the war commencing between King John and 
the king of France, and promises that no distraint shall be made upon him 
in respect of payment or satisfaction for anything taken from the count of 
Eu in the same war.' 

' Pedei Finitim, Pipe Roll Soc. vol. xxiv. p. 15. 

^ These three sons are witnesses to a charter of Eustace, granting land in Middleton. Original deed, 
Muniment room, Streatlam castle. 

' Liber Vitae, Surt. Soc. No. 13, p. 98. ' Rot. Pipae (Northumberland), 13 John, rot. 18 dorse. 

' Curia Regis Roll, g-io John, No. 48, m. 4. ° Rot. Chart, in Turri Londin. Record Series p. 119 b. 

' Rot. Cart, in Turri Londin. Record Series, vol. i. p. 102. The count of Eu was Radulph de 
Lusignan, or Issoudun, who had married .'Mi.x, daughter of Henry II., count of Eu, and heiress of 
her brother. Radulph, withdrawing the support he had given to Henry II. and Richard I., kings of 
England, had gone over to the king of France in the war between him and King John. How Hugh de 
Baliol was connected with the count of Eu in such a way that he could be distrained upon in his interest, 
does not appear. ' Et non distringemus ipsum ad faciendam solucionem vel satisfactionem eidem comiti 
de aliquo quod super eum capit in werra ilia.' Tliere is no evidence known to show that Hugh Baliol 
held under the count of Eu either in Normandy or England, but the terms of King John's charter seem 
\o imply that he was a tenant under the count, who was, therefore, able to levy a distress upon him, 


On April loth, 1213, there was an order from the kini,^ to Aimeric, 
archdeacon of Durham, and Philip dc Ulecotes, guardians of the see of 
Durham, during its vacancy after the death of Philip de Poitou, directing 
them to restore the castle of Bernard and all other the lands and chattels of 
Hugh de Baliol which they had retained.' How it came about that these 
had been seized in the interest of the see of Durham does not appear, but it 
was probably under some claim of palatine rights. The extent and value of 
the great fees of the house of Baliol at the time is shown by the entry on 
the Pipe Roll, 13 John (1211-1212), where Hugh de Baliol answers for the 
large amount of thirty knight's fees. He held Bywell by the service of five 
knight's fees, and providing thirty men for guarding Newcastle, as his 
ancestors had done, since William Rufus gave them feoffment of the barony.^ 
An entry occurs in the Patent Rolls of 12 13 which was probably connected 
with his over-sea estates. On September 17th, the king writes to the 
bailiffs of his sea ports and the keepers of the English galleys, informing 
them that he has allowed Hugh de Baliol for this one term to send a 
ship beyond seas with his own goods and merchandise. The permission 
was to last until Christmas.^ 

Hugh de Baliol, with his brother Bernard, was a staunch supporter of 
King John in his contest with the baronial party. He has in consequence 
incurred the bad report of the chroniclers of the time, all of them monastic, 
Matthew Paris giving the two brothers a specially evil name, calling them 
'consiliarios iniquissimos.'* It is possible that Hugh was not so black as 
he has been painted, and there are some acts of his life which appear to 
warrant a more favourable estimate of his character. 

King John was at Barnard Castle, January 30th, 12 16, on his journey 
southwards, when he granted to Hugh de Baliol the custody of the castle 
of Whorlton in Cleveland, with other lands and properties of Robert de 
Meisnille, then in the king's hands.'* Hugh Baliol did not retain the 
Whorlton barony for long, the death of John and the succession of 

' Rot. Lit. Ciaus. 14 John, Record Series, vol. i. p. 129. '' Testa dc Nevill, p. 392. See ante p. 18. 

^ Rot. Lit. Put. 15 John, Record Series, vol. i. p. 104. 

' Miittli. Pans, Rolls Series, vol. ii. pp. 532-3. 

' Rot. Lit. Pat. Record Series, vol. i. p. 164 b. ' Re,\ Gaufrido de Nevill camerario, salutem. 
Mandamus vobis quod liberetis dilecto et fideli nostro Hugoni de Bailloel castrum de Hueruelton, cum 
omnibus terris et pertinenciis suis, quae fuerunt Roberti de Mei.-nille, quae eidem Hugoni commisinius, 
habenda quamdiu nobis placuerit. Et in hujus &;c. Teste me ipso apud Castrum Bern^rdi xxjc die 
Januarii anno regni nostri xvii""\ (1216).' 


Henry III. having brought about a change of relations between him and 
the crown. On October 31st, 1217, Henry HI. ordered the sheriff of 
Yorkshire to give to the archbishop of Canterbury the same seisin of the 
barony and its appurtenances, once belonging to Robert de Meisnille, as the 
archbishop had before the war, and of which, as he said, he was deseised 
by the occasion of war.' On December 2nd, in the same year, the king 
notified to the same sheriff that he had ordered Baliol to give seisin to 
Stephen (Langton) archbishop of Canterbury, in whose fee they were, of 
all the lands, fees and tenements which once were Robert de Meisnille's. 
In case Baliol did not obey the precept, the sheriff was himself to give 
seisin to the archbishop.'^ On May 13th, 1218, the archbishop had not had 
seisin given him, and the king ordered the sheriff to put the archbishop in 
possession without delay, and that if any persons resisted him they were to 
give security, and find valid sureties to appear before the king's council at 
Westminster to show cause why they had resisted the king's precept.' 
Things seem to have been brought to an issue and Baliol to submission, by a 
writ issued March gth, 12 19, when the sheriff of Hertford was certified that 
a time had been given to Hugh de Baliol to deliver to the archbishop 
the land once belonging to Robert de Meisnille, which Baliol held by 
reason of having the custody of his heir.^ The time given having elapsed, 
and the land being still retained, by the same writ, the sheriff was 
directed to give the archbishop seisin of the manor of Hiche (Hitchin), 
in the fee of Baliol, to be held as long as Baliol kept possession of the 
Meisnille barony which he had been repeatedly ordered to surrender.^ 
John had also granted him lands in Rutland, which had belonged to 
Richard de Umframville." 

In conjunction with Philip de Ulecotes, he was given the charge 
of all the land between the Tees and Scotland with the castles, the 
king providing knights and men sufficient for the protection of the 
country.' Shortly after this an event of some importance, which has a 
tragic incident attached to it, occurred at Barnard Castle. Alexander, 
king of Scotland, in alliance with Louis of France, to whom the pope 

' Rot. Lit. Clans, vol. i. p. 339. - Ibid. vol. i. p. 346. ' Ibid. vol. i. p. 361 b. 

* Feb. 2, 1213, Stephen de Turneham was ordered to give over to Hugh de Gurnaco the 
custody of tlie son and daughter of Robert de Meisnille, whom he had in charge. Rut. Lit. Pat. 
vol. i. p. 96 b. * Rot. Lit. Claus. vol. i. p. 389. ^ Ibid. 17 John, Record Series, vol. i. p. 252 b. 

' Matth. Paris, vol. ii. p. 641. 
Vol. VI. S 


had granted the kingdom of England, had invaded the northern province/ 
subjugating all of it except the castles which Baliol and Ulecotes most 
stoutly defended.' He had come through Cumberland, dev^astating as he 
went, among other deeds of violence burning Holme-Cultram abbey, and 
was set down before Barnard Castle with the intention of laying siege to it. 
' And while he was thus occupied, one within discharged a cross-bow, and 
strake Eustace Vesey (Eustace de Vesci), which had married his ; Alexander's) 
sister, on the forehead, with such might that he fell dead to the ground, 
whereof the king and all his nobles conceived great sorrow, but were not 
able to amend it.'' King John, not long before his death, on June 5th, 12 16, 
committed to Hugh de Baliol the important trust of the castles of Durham, 
Norham, Mitford, Prudhoe, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and especially Bamburgh, 
and all the other castles, custodies, and bailiwicks, which Philip de Ulecotes, 
who was expected to, but did not then, die, had in charge.'' 

In the following year (12 17) William, earl of Salisbury, was ordered to 
give Hugh Baliol seisin of the manor of Mere (Wiltshire), so that he might 
be in a position to resist any claim which might be made to it.^ The manor 
was appurtenant to the castle of Devizes (Divis), and was accustomed to be 
committed to those who held it, for their maintenance when in the king's 
service.'^ In connection with this a letter" from Philip de Ulecotes to Hubert 
de Burgh, justiciar of England, possesses much interest. It is attributed by 
the editor (Rev. W. W. Shirley) to the early part of the year 12 18, but it more 
probably preceded the order to the earl of Salisbury, made in 12 17. He 
tells him that Hugh de Baliol prohibits the castle of Mitford' being given to 
anyone unless his rights in the manor of Mere, now withheld by the earl of 
Salisbury, are restored to him. And further, that if the castle is made over, 

' The invasion is stated to have been caused by the threats of Phihp de Ulecotes and Hugo de Bahol 
to devastate Scotland 'causa ultionis.' Chronicon de Lancrcost, Maitland Club, p. 25. 

' Matth. Paris, vol. ii. p. 663. 

^ Matth. Paris, vol. li. p. 666. Lambarde, Dictioiiariitm Anglicu, p. 45, translating from, and adding 
to, Matthew Paris. ' Rot. Lit. Pat. 18 John, Record Series, vol. i. p. 186. 

' Rot. Lit. Claus. 1 Henry III. Record Series, vol. i. p. 314 b. 

'Rot. Lit. Claus. 3 Henry III. Record Series, vol. i. p. 400 b. The entry says nothing about 
Devizes, but that the grant was made to sustain him while he was in the king's service. It was to last 
' usque ad quartum decimum annum aetatis nostrae completendum.' 

' Royal Letters, No. 695 ; Royal and Hist. Letters, Shirley, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 11. 

' Roger Bertram was in rebellion against King John in 12 14, when his estates were forfeited and 
given to Philip de Ulecotes, then sheriff of Northumberland, and one of John's principal agents. The 
castle was, at the time of this letter, in the hands of Hugh de Baliol in consequence of John having, in 
1216, given the custody of it to him. 


he will withdraw from the king's service. The writer of the letter also says 
that it is not in his power to deal with the castle, as the knights and servants 
of Hugh de Baliol hold it, and cannot easily be put out without the order of 
Hugh. He advises that the manor of Mere be given up to Baliol, and then, 
controversies and disagreements being set at rest, the castle may be restored 
to Roger Bertram. The connection of the Baliols with Mere was continued 
through the time of three members of the family, Joscelin, Eustace, and 
Hugh. The first record is contained in the Pipe Roll for Wiltshire of the 
year 1156, when Joscelin de BalioP had_£36 blanch of land in Mere, with 
the hundred.'^ He appears in the sheriflfs' account, under the same terms, 
until 1167-8.^ In the sheriffs' account of the following year, the name 
of Eustace occurs as the holder.'' The relationship is not certain, but if, 
as seems probable, Joscelin was a brother of Bernard I., Eustace was his 
great nephew and heir. 

In 1205, King John confirmed a grant of land in Burton and pasture 
in Gaveldon, and other rights to Everard de Burton and his wife Matilda, 
which Joscelin de Bailleul had granted to Galfrid le Panmere, father of 
Matilda, and concerning which there had been a plea before the justices, 
and a final concord made between Burton and his wife and Eustace de 
Baylloel, great nephew and heir {iiepos et lieres) of Joscelin."^ If this 
supposition with regard to the relationship between the holders of property 
in Mere is correct, it explains how Eustace succeeded Joscelin at that place. 
In 1215, it was given by King John to William Talebot, having been lately 
held by Eustace de Baliol.'^ It was again granted, February 5th, 1222, to 
Lucas de Rumare, saving the chattels of William Talebot and the grain he 
had sown.' In the interval in the year 1217, seisin had been ordered to be 

' He was high in the favour of Henry II., and occurs at the time he had the grant of Mere 
frequently as a witness, in association with great officers of the crown, to charters of the king. He was, 
no doubt, the same Joscehn, who, in 1166, held land in Gloucestershire of the fee of Henry de Novo 
Mercato. Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 296. 

■' Great Rolls of the Pipe, 2, 3, 4 Hen. II. ed. Hunter, p. 57, Record Series. ' Et Joscel' de Baill' 361i. 
bl. in Mera cu hundr'.' The entry may be explained thus. The sheriff, who had the ferm of the county 
from the king, in his return subtracts from his payment into the e.xchequer such profits as had been 
withdrawn from him, either by necessary e.xpenses, ancient and current charges, or deductions arising 
from special grants of the king. Baliol had given him an estate in Mere, which, according to what is 
said in Philip de Ulecotes' letter, seems to have comprised the manor, of the value of £^6 blanch 
(blanched money) a year, together with the hundred, that is, with the profits of the courts. The sheriff, 
therefore, in his yearly account, credits himself with the deduction of ^36 and the court issues made 
from the amount of ferm of the county due to the crown. 

\Rot. Pipae, 14 Hen. II. Pipe Roll Soc. vo\. xii. p. 157. * Ihid. 15 Hen. II. vol. xiii. p. 18. 

* Rot. Chart, in Tiirri Londin. Record Series, vol. i. p. 152 b. 

'Rot. Lit. Claus. 17 John, Record Series vol. i. p. 230. ' [bid. 6 Hen. III. Record Series, vol. i. p. 4S7 b. 


given to Hugh de Baliol, but what the issue of that order was is not 
apparent, nor is it on record that the Baliols after that had anv interest in 

On September 23rd, 12 17, in conjunction with the archbishop of 
York, the bishop of Durham and others, Hugh de Raliol was commanded 
to assist Robert de Veteriponte, to whom the Icing, Henry HI., had 
committed the castle of Carlisle and county of Cumberland, in recovering 
from Ale.Kander, king of Scotland, the castle of Carlisle, and the lands and 
prisoners he had taken during the war between King Henry and Louis, 
king, of France.^ 

After the restoration of peace in 1217, many of those who, during the 
disturbed state of war, had lived by rapine, continued to hold the castles, 
lands, and other possessions of bishops and lords which they had seized, 
against the prohibition of the king and the will of the owners.^ Among 
them were Hugh de Baliol, William, earl of Albemarle, and Fawkes de 
Breaute, one of the late king's worst advisers, a man without bowels of 
mercy as he is described. This association, and the participation in the 
acts of violence with which he was charged, lend some countenance to 
the accusation brought against Hugh de Baliol in regard to his relations 
with the evil acts of Kmg John, and must necessarily have an effect in 
estimating his character. 

About two years later there was an occurrence in connection with 
Hugh de Baliol's Teesdale lordship which is of some interest and 
importance. The kings of England had a mine in Tvnedale, called 
indifferently the mine of Carlisle and the mine of Alston (Aldeneston), 
which was an appendage of the castle of Carlisle, and for the profits of 
which the constable of the castle was responsible. In Januarv, 12 19, 
Robert de Veteriponte laid a complaint before the king's council against 
Hugh de Baliol that he had prevented the miners from going to the mine, 
as they had been accustomed, a proceeding which was the cause of damage 
to the king. Baliol was ordered to cease from this interference, so as to 
make it unnecessary for the king to take action against him.' Whether 
Hugh obeyed the mandate or not does not appear, but the same complaint 
was made during the time of his son John. In December, 1229, the 

' Rot. Lit. Pat. I Hen. III. m. 3. " Mcitth. Paris, vol. iii. p. 33. 

' Rot. Finium, 3 Hen. III. m. 4 dorso. 



ItnutcnRafum ttie uinmit cJn&M'?f uline 4tt>m« m<e^^ 

jl^maum.mjf^nm»n imXvn7{«>w^m^^m ubj^^tfnianiT^niivr ttnrtSsfu u««m»JtT^ 




.. -^w. ■ .l.^. 1 »• . 




sheriff of Northumberland was commanded to see that bv bail and sureties 
John de Baliol appeared before the barons of the Exchequer to show cause 
why he prevented the king's miners of Cumberland from passing over the 
moor of Teesdale to the king's mine.' In a case, May 13th in the following 
year, between the king and John de Balliol and Nigel de Mubray, 
Balliol's bailiff was ordered to allow the Cumberland miners to have free 
passage through all his master's lands, as well forest as other land, to buy 
victuals. The king, however, allowed that as long as John de Baliol was in 
his service beyond seas the pleas between the king and him were to be 
respited, and that during the same time the miners, not being able to work 
freely, should be excused five marcs of ferm.^ The land that Baliol had 
closed against the miners was the forest and other parts of Marwood at the 
head of Teesdale, a district abutting on the forest of Alston, and in near 
proximity to the mine.' The reason for this interference on the part of 
John de Baliol is not far to seek, for the miners, no doubt, had taken the 
same liberty to cut down wood in the king's name, for other purposes than 
the use of the mine, as they did in the case of Henry de Whiteby and his 
wife Joan, who in 1290 impleaded Patric del Gile and twenty-six other 
miners of Alston for cutting down their trees to the value of ^40.* 

Hugh de Baliol added his own confirmation to that of his father, of 
the church of St. Peter at Bywell to the convent of Durham,* giving also, 
by another charter to Durham, for the use of their church of Bywell, the 
tithes and obventions of a new assart between Whittonstall and the river 
Derwent (inter Oxiiketonestall et Derewentc), which afterwards became 
the hamlet of Newlands, and common pasture in his lands '' sicut decet."^ 

' Memoranda, L. T. R. 14 Hen. III. m. 3. - Ibid. 14 Hen. III. m. 6 dorso. 

^ Henry III., by two charters, granted large privileges to his miners of Cumberland. He took them 
under his protection, their men, lands, goods, rents, and all other their possessions, commanding his 
bailiffs and others to maintain, protect and defend them, neither inflicting on them, nor permitting to be 
inflicted, any offence, injury, loss, or trouble. They were to have the same liberties as they had in the 
time of his predecessors, kings of England. The sheriff of Cumberland was commanded to cause all the 
miners in his bailiwick to dig and mine in the king's mine, as they had been accustomed to do, and to 
require merchants in his bailiwick to repair to the mine with victuals for the miners. Rot. Lit. Put. iS 
Hen. III. m. 7; 20 Henry III. m. 13; 21 Hen. III. m. 10. 

' Coke's Institutes, second part (1662); Mich. 18 Edw. I. banco rot. 139. 

' Durham Treas. 2''" 2'''"' Spec. No. 8. The seal of Hugh de Baliol still remains attached to the 
charter. It is round, 2j: inches in diameter. The device is equestrian ; a knight, holding a sword in right 
hand, is galloping to right. He wears a flat-topped helmet, and a shield level with his chin on his left 
arm. The shield bears the arms of Baliol, an orle, upon it. Long housings and the sword sheath hang 
below the horse's belly. ij< SIGILLVM HVGONis DE bailliolo. 

* Durham Treas. 2''" 2''"" Spec. No. 9. An armorial seal is appended to the charter. It is round, 
I4 inches in diameter, of rather rude work. It bears on a shield an orle. ^ SIGILL HVGONIS DE BALIOLO. 


He confirmed the old grant of Gainford and other places to St. Mary's 
at York. To the abbey of Whitby he confirmed the grant of the churches 
of Ingleby and Kirkby, given to the monks by his grandfather Bernard.' 
He gave to the monks of Rievau.x ten acres of arable land of his demesne, 
and common pasture for eight oxen in Neasham (Neusum).'- He gave to 
the priory of Hexham the homage of John de Swyneburne-Est, with I2d. 
rent from his capital messuage of Est Swyneburne, and a tithe grange and 
garden at the same place.'' To the knights of the Temple he confirmed 
the vill of Westerdale, which was further confirmed by King John." 

Hush de Baliol has suffered so much at the hands of those who have 
left an account of the stormy period of our history through which he lived, 
that it is a pleasure to record some of the actions which seem to give a more 
favourable aspect to his character. A safe conduct granted by King John, 
February 15th, 12 16, to Robert de Ros and Peter de Brus, to come to him 
without arms to speak of making their peace, appears incidentally to testify 
to the good character of Hugh de Baliol and to the creditable nature of his 
associations. For their greater security, the king desired Aimeric, archdeacon 
of Durham, Wido de Fontibus, and brother Walter Templarius, head of a 
preceptory of Templars [praeceptor in partibus Ebor.\ to accompany Ros 
and Brus, Templarius being described as one of the companions [units desociis) 
of Hugh de Baliol.^ The manner in which he acted towards the burgesses 
of Barnard Castle shows that he was possessed of a liberal and considerate 
disposition. It indicates a desire to lighten the burdens of his men and to 
add to the improvement of their condition in regard to the requirements of 
daily life. But he went further than that on the lines of social progress by 
granting them privileges which ensured the stability and enlarged the scope of 
their position as members of the cominunity which his ancestors had created. 
It is true that the general spirit of the time was tending to elevate the 
humbler part of the population, and to create the wish to stand higher and 
to feel more safe in their several ranks of life. This was more especially 
the case in the towns, where a growing trade was begetting a longing for 
greater comfort of living and was generating a demand for more freedom 
and security. But making every allowance for this, it must be placed 

' Whilby Cartulary, Surt. Soc. vol. i. p. 55. " Cartulary of Rievaux, Surt. Soc. No. 83, p. 221. 

'Priory of Hexham, vol. ii. Surt. Soc. No. 46, pp. 116, 117; (/. vol. iv. of this work, p. 303. 

' Rot. Cart, in Turri Loiidiii. vol i. p. 106 b. ' Rot. Lit. Pat. 17 John, Record Series, vol. i. p. 165 b. 



to the credit of the lord of Barnard Castle that instead of resisting: a 
popular and just requirement, which he might have done, he furthered it so 
far as, within his own limits, he was able to do. This good side of his 
character may be placed in opposition to the charge that he was the author 
of evil counsels to the king, and to what Dugdale asserts about ' his wonted 
course of plundering," if indeed all these accounts are not so deeply coloured 
by prejudice as to render their entire acceptance doubtful. 

The privileges he granted his burgesses were by no means small ones 
for the time when they were given, as will be seen from the details. By a 
charter still preserved in the town's chest at Barnard Castle," he gave the 
burgesses the whole common pasture and all common rights on the east and 
north part, within certain specified bounds, restraining them from taking 
wood from places named in the grant, without the lord's leave. By another 
deed^ common of pasture was granted to them and their tenants, living in 
the town, in the forest of Marwood for all their cattle without agistment or 
pannage. Every burgess might have his own oven ( fiirnniii) without paying 
any rent, but, in case the lord erected one, they were not to have one 
of their own without permission. Leave was given to put up buildings 
in front of each burgess house {posstt caperc viam ante ostium siiiciii pro 
domibiis suis aedificandis\ and each might collect dung as far as the 
middle of the road. They were only burdened with a sixteenth part as 
multure for all corn grown in the town field and ground at the lord's mill, 
and they could bake at the common bake house, paying one half-penny, 
the baker finding the fuel. 

These privileges may not appear to be of much importance now, when 
rights, then withheld, have been obtained for all, and when, within the law, 
a man may do the thing he will, but in the early thirteenth century, when 
the feudal system was in full operation and the power of the lord was almost 
paramount, such concessions cannot be regarded as trifling, but were of the 
essence of things that went to the root of decent living and reasonable 
maintenance and independence. 

Hugh's wife's name was Cecilia,^ but of her parentage nothing is known. 
In addition to his successor John and other sons, he had a daughter Ada, who 
married John fitz Robert, lord of Warkworth, and whose son by her adopted 

' Dugdale's Baronage, p. 523. 

^ The charter, which has an imperfect seal attached, is printed in Hutchinson's History of Durham, 
vol. iii. p. 234 ; Surtees Durham, vol. iv. p. 71. ' Hutchinson, Durham, p. 241 ; Surtees, Durham, p. 72. 
' Cartulary of Ricvaux, Surt. Soc. No. 83, p. 221. 


his mother's name of Baliol. Her dower was one of more than ordinary 
importance, comprising the large fee of Stokesley, with all its appendages, 
including the forest of Basedale ; the estate of Lynton, in Northumberland, 
was also a part of the dower.' Some portion of this great estate in 
Cleveland appears to have remained in the male line of Baliol, for about 
1 284-1 285 the jurors state on an inquest made, that John de Balliolo held in 
capite of the king four fees in Stokeslay, Batherby, Ingleby juxta Grenehowe, 
Parva Browghton, Dromondby, Kyrkeby, Magna Buskeby, Scoterskelf, 
Parva Buskeby, Thoraldby and Neweby.'- Hugh de Baliol died in 1228. 

His son John, who succeeded him, owed ^150 in the year 1228-9 for 
relief of thirtv knights' fees,^ lOOS. for each fee, which had been held by his 
father Hugh de Baliol of the king in caf/ite ; at the same time he was 
discharged for the scutage of 2^ fees in Hitchin (Hiechen).^ The next year 
he had paid /.lOO into the king's treasury, and having been pardoned ^"50 
bv the king's writ he was discharged, but he owed ^20 for relief of four 
fees held of the king in chief in the honour of Boulogne.^ In April, 1231, 
he still owed the ^20, but was given until Michaelmas to pay it." It was 
still unpaid April 20th, 1232, when on the non-appearance of his steward, who 
had guaranteed pavment, he was ordered to be distrained for the arrears.' 
Although he was apparently discharged of his relief in 1230, in September, 
1 23 1, he had to find sureties (William de Perci, Henry de Perci, Robert de 
Twenge) for ^100 of his relief, reduced to that sum by the king's pardon of 
£S0 of the original sum of .^150.* On June 3rd, 1230, he had a safe conduct 
to come and speak with the king, who was at Nantes, and on the 15th he 
had protection as long as he was in the king's service beyond seas, his 
brother Eustace being also in the king's service." The next day Hugh de 
Tylleloy, his knight, and Colin de Fraunkeville, his valet, had a safe 
conduct for three weeks, going and returning through the king's dominions.'" 

' An inquisition of her lands in Northumberland was held at Linton, near Woodhorn, Nov. 16, 
1251. Inq. p. in. 35 Hen. 111.; Record Series, vol. i. p. g. - Kii-khy's Inquest, Surt. Soc. No. 49, p. 133. 

' In Northumberland his fees, constituting the barony of Baliol, were the following: ' Newbigginge, 
Wodehorn cum Lynemuwe et Hirst membris suis, Haliwele, Lynton, Ellington cum Cressewelle et 
Hayden membris suis, Bechefeld, Nigram Heddon, Staunfordham cum Ulkiston, Nesbite et medietate 
de Dalton membris suis, Ryhille, Gunwarton cum .Swineburne membro suo, Neuton del West, Neuton 
del Est, Acum, Stellinge, Ovigton, Eltrincham, Mickeley, Quictunstal, Faldirley, Bromley et medietatem 
de Bywelle cum Stokesfelde.' Testa de NeviU, p. 3S5. 

* Rot. Pipae (Essex and Hertford), 13 Hen. III. rot. 14 dorso. 

= Ibid. 14 Hen. III. rot. 8 dorso. They were at Niweham justa Waledene (Newnham in .^shdon, 
Essex). Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 577. 

« Memoranda Q. R. 15 Hen. III. rot. 6 ; Rot. Finiuni. 15 Hen. III. m. 6. 

' Ibid. 16 Hen. III. rot. 6 dorso. ' Ibid- 15 Hen. III. rot 7. 

» Rot. Lit. Pat. 16 Hen. III. m. 6, m. 7. '° Ibid. 14 Hen. III. m. 6. 


In 1233 he married Devorguil, one of the daughters, and in the end 
sole heir, of Alan, lord of Galloway, constable of Scotland. This marriage 
brought him large estates with great influence, which, added to what he had 
inherited, made him one of the most powerful of the English barons. It 
was, however, ultimately the cause of the downfall of his house. Alan of 
Galloway, the representative of a great and ancient Galwegian stock, had 
married Margaret, eldest daughter and co-heir of David, earl of Huntingdon, ' 
son of Henry, earl of Northumberland, and grandson of David I., king of 
Scotland. In this way his daughter Devorguil came into the line of 
succession to the crown of Scotland. 

One of John de Baliol's estates, the vill of Long Newton, which 
belonged to him as appurtenant to the barony of Gainford, was the cause 
of a long standing dispute between him and the bishops of Durham. It 
originated through Long Newton being in the wapentake of Sadberge, 
which, since its purchase by bishop Pudsey from Richard I., had become 
virtually included within the palatinate. The fee granted by William 
Rufus to Guy de Baliol was held in chief of the king, and Guy's successors 
appear to have claimed that the homage due from the whole of the lands 
within the fee was covered by the terms of that grant. The bishops of 
Durham, on the other hand, claimed that the homage of 5j knight's fees 
of the barony of Gainford belonged to them, as held of the palatinate, 
through the wapentake of Sadberge being absorbed within it. In 1231 
an agreement' was made between Richard (Poor) bishop of Durham, and 
John de Baliol, for settling the matter, an object which, on account of 

' The agreement, which was made at Auckland, Dec. 9, 1231, states that the bishop grants to 
John de Balliol, subject to certain services and payments, the vill of Lang Newton as his ancestors 
had held it. Baliol agrees to do suit to the bishop of the wapentake of Sadberge for all lands 
he has within the wapentake. Baliol further undertakes to do his best that the king shall allow the 
bishop to have the homage of the fees within the wapentake. The bishop agrees that when he has 
received the homage he will give up to Baliol all the ancient charters of Newton. The document, which 
is of a very interesting character, is transcribed in vol. iv. Hunter MSS., Durham Cathedral Library, 
p. 289. It is said to be copied from the original. 'This deed is under seal remaining with my lord of 
Durham himself, and was taken out of the iron chest by IVIr. Archdeacon Cradock' (archdeacon 
of Northumberland, 1604-1619). It is unknown w-here it now is, and probably, like many valuable 
documents of the see of Durham, it has been recklessly, and without any reasonable cause, 
destroyed by those who, it might have been thought, would have jealously preserved the muniments 
of their predecessors. The document is of so much interest that it seems desirable to print it in full. 
'Convenit inter Dominum Ricardum Dunelm. Episcopum et Dominum Johannem de Balliol de manerio 
de Lang Neuton, videlicet, quod dictus dominus Episcopus concessit praefato Johanni et heredibus suis 
pro homagio et servicio suo totam villam de Lang Neuton cum pertinenciis, sicut antecessores sui 
habuerunt et tenuerunt. Ita tamen quod ipse et heredes sui faciant servicium c|uartae partis feodi unius 
militis pro unica medietate villae de Neuton, et pro alia medietate ejusdem villae solvent dictn domino 
Episcopo et successoribus suis decem libras sterlingorum, scilicit, centum solidos ad Pentecosten et 
centum solidos ad festum S. Martini in hieme. Dictus autem Johannes et heredes sui solvent dicto 

Vol. VI. 6 


the preciseness and stringency of its terms, it seemed well qualified to 
accomplish. It does not appear, however, to have eflfected the purpose 
for which it was intended. Whatever was the cause, whether Baliol did 
not carry out his engagement, or for some other reason, the dispute 
continued and ultimately resulted in violent proceedings against the 
bishop by John de Baliol, his relations and men. On April nth, 
1234, he was commanded to do homage and service to Richard Poor, 
bishop of Durham, for 5j knight's fees in the wapentake of Sadberge, 
which pertained to the custody of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and for which 
castle-ward was due from the bishop. He was given time to show, if he 
could, that he was free by charter of the king, or of his predecessors, and 
meanwhile the sheriff of Northumberland was not to distrain.' He was 
commanded, October 25th, 1241, to do homage for the same fees to bishop 
Poor's successor, Nicholas de Farnham, so that the bishop should be no 
longer troubled.' He appears to have had difficulties with the former 
bishop either upon this or some other account, for on July 14th, 1235, he 
had the king's pardon for twenty marcs in which he had been fined for 
transgressions done to the bishop against the king's peace. ^ His obligations 
for money payments do not seem to have been fulfilled, for on April 29th, 
1237, on the complaint of the sheriflF of Northumberland that John de Baliol 
had not kept his terms, and has little in the county (a statement which is 

domino Episcopo et successoribus suis sine difficultate aliqua wardas et scutagia de quinque feodis 
militum et unius quarterii, quae dictus Episcopus warrantizabit donee liabuerit homagium de eisdem 
feodis. Faciei autem dictus Johannes et heredes sui et homines illorum dicto domino Episcopo et 
successoribus suis sectam wapentari {sic) de omnibus terris quas habet infra wapentagium de Sadberg, sicut 
ahi patres (pares?) sui faciunt in eodem wapentagio, et antecessores sui facere consueverunt. Praeterea 
dictus Johannes juravit personahter et jurari fecit per dominum Johanneni fihum Roberti, domini Hennci 
(sic) de Balliol, Walterum de Fontanis, Eustachiurn de Balliol, et faciet jurari per dominum Ingelramum 
de Balliol, quod ista convencio fideliter servabitur, et istud idem fiet ex parte domini Episcopi prqmissum 
per Radulphum Dunelm. et Radulphum de Finchall priores, et per Magistrum Willelmum archidiaconum 
Dunelm. et per Johannem Rumes' senescallum domini Episcopi. Insuper juraverunt dictus Johannes 
de Balliol et praedicti e.\ parte sua quod fideliter laborabunt et sine fraude et dolo per se et amicos suos 
erga dominum Regem sine grandibus expensis ut dictus Episcopus habeat homagium de Gayneford et 
de feodis supradictis, quae sunt in wapentagio de Sadberg spectantibus ad baroniam de Gayneford. Et 
si dictus Rex praeceperit ut faciat dicto Episcopo de omnibus praedictis homagium sine difficultate 
faciet. Et si dictus Rex quaesiverit quod intelligit de hoinagio et quid illud habere debeat, respondebit 
secunduin veritatem quantum poterit inquirere et discere ab hominibus patriae fidedignis, et istam 
veritatem bona fide et sine dilatione diligenter inquiret. Postquam autem dictus Episcopus homagium 
dicto Johanni de Balliol de praedictis quinque feodis militum et uno quarternio receperit et habuerit, 
omnes antiquas cartas super villam de Neuton confictas, quas inde habet, dicto Johanni bona fide et sine 
difficultate restituet. Datum apud Awkland, A" D'" 1231, quinto Idus Decembris (December 9th) 
praesentibus magistris archidiacono Dunelm. et Roberto de Ambian, domino Jordano Harun, Hugone 
de Capella, Jordano de Alden militibus et aliis.' 

' Rot. Finiinn 18 Hen. III. m. 8. = Rot. Lit. Pat. 25 Hen. III. m. 1. 

'Rot. Lit. Clans. 19 Hen. III. m. 7. 


remarkable, considering the large estates he possessed in Northumberland), 
the sheriff was ordered to apply to the guardian of the bishopric of Durham, 
then in the king's hands after the death of bishop Poor, to distrain upon 
his estates there/ About this time, in consequence of the death of the 
earl of Chester and Huntingdon, to whom his wife, Devorguil, was co-heir, 
numerous entries occur in the Close rolls connected with the inheritance. 
John de Baliol and his wife had seisin given them of the manors of 
Luddingland and Thorkesey, and of the farm of the vill of Jernemue 
(Yarmouth), until the king assigned them a reasonable exchange for 
Devorguil's share of the earl's inheritance," which he had agreed to do 
within a year, by an engagement made February 6th, 1238.^ On June 
15th, 1243, he had respite from the king of 500 Angevin pounds of a 
prest made to Hugh de Baliol, his father, in Poitou, before the loss of 
Normandy,^ and on the same day he came before the king's council and 
asked that the barons of the Exchequer should take into consideration if 
he ought to answer to the king for part of the debt owing from John, 
the late earl of Chester. He stated that he and his wife had no part of 
the earl's heritage assigned to them, not even a sure exchange, having 
nothing more than some lands in lease.^ The inheritance of Devorguil, 
in her part of the lands of John, late earl of Chester and Huntingdon, 
seems to have been provided for in 1244, when, on May 12th, writs were 
issued to the sheriffs of Huntingdon, Northampton, Bedford, Leicester, 
and Lincoln to distrain certain persons in their several counties to do 
homage to John de Baliol for their fees, nineteen and three-quarters in 
number, assigned to him and his wife;^ on May 22nd a similar writ was 
issued to the sheriff of Cambridge, for the service of one knight's fee, 
and to the sheriff of Leicester for the service of nine fees and three- 
quarters.' In 1 245- 1 246, a valuable property in Yorkshire, belonging to 
the heritage of Christiana, wife of William, earl of Albemarle, came to 
him through his wife. In that year Robert de Creppinges accounted for 
£2b 13s. id. from the manor of Driffield, except tallage from July 22nd 
to October i6th, the time which had elapsed before he had handed over 

' Memoranda Q. R. 21 Hen. III. m. 10. 

^ Rot. hit. Claus. 22 Hen. III. m. 22. Rot. Lit. Pat. 22 Hen. III. m. II. 

■•' Rot. Lit. Pat. 22 Hen. III. m. 10. ' Memoyanda Q. R. 27 Hen. III. m. 15 dorso. 

' Rot. Lit. Claus. 27 Hen. III. pt. 2, m. 4. ' Ibid. 28 Hen. III. m. 1 1. 

' Ibid. 28 Hen. III. m. 10. 


the manor to John de Baliol.' The extent and value of these lands is 
set out in the inquisition held at Driffield, November 24th, 1268, after 
the death of John de Baliol. The jurors state that the lands were not 
vested in Sir John de Balliol, but were of the heritage of Dervorgilla, his 
wife, and had been given to Sir Hugh de Baliol, his son and heir, before 
the death of his father John.- 

In 1244 he was appointed by the barons in the parliament at London 
one of the twelve deputed to consider the king's proposal for a subsidy to 
pay the debt for the war in Gascony,'* and in the same vear he was one of 
the barons selected to send to the pope for his confirmation of the 
charter of Alexander II., king of Scotland, engaging himself to his liege 
lord, Henry HI., that he would make no alliance with the enemies of that 
king.'' John de Baliol was appointed, with Robert de Ros of Wark, 
joint regent of the kingdom of Scotland in 1251, on the marriage of 
Alexander HI. with Margery, daughter of Henry HI.^ He and Ros were, 
however, deprived of the office in 1255 on a charge of treason, malpractices, 
and bad treatment of the child queen." On September 20th, 1255, 
Alexander, king of Scotland, wrote to Henry HI., telling him that, by 
his own advice and that of his council, he had dismissed from his council 
and from their offices, on account of their faulty behaviour, a number of 
persons, John de Baliol being amongst them.' Subsequently, on account 
of the services his father had rendered in arms and otherwise to King 
John when he was in difficulties, and for a fine of ;^500, part of which 
was remitted, John de Baliol made his peace with the king." On September 
13th, 1257, being about to go into Scotland, he had protection from King 
Henry, which was to last until the Whitsunday following.^ About this time he 
is stated to have acted in a manner that might scarcely have been expected 

' Rot. Pipae, 30 Hen. III. m. 9 dorso. "■ Inq. p.m. 53 Hen. III. No. 43. 

^ Matth. Paris, vol. iv. p. 362. ' Ibid. vol. iv. p. 384. 

^ Flores Hist. ed. Luard, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 378 ; Rymer's Foedera, vol. i. pi. 2, p. 771. 

" Matth. Paris, vol. v. pp. 501, seq. ' Rot. Lit. Pat. 39 Hen. III. m. 2. 

' Matth. Paris, vol. v. p. 507. Matthew Paris gives 1255 as the date of the time when Baliol 
made his peace, but from the entries on the Patent Rolls it does not appear to have taken place until 
two years later. On August 12th, 1257, the king took John de Baylol into favour and disclaimed all 
anger against him, on account of transgressions and annoyance he had committed against the king 
of Scotland and his wife, Margaret, Henry's daughter. Rot. Lit. Pat. 41 Hen. III. m. 2. Two days 
afterwards, on August 14th, the king remitted all action against him on the same account, and Baliol 
was fined /^500. Rot. Finium, 41 Hen. III. m. 3. He also owed 100 marcs for an amercement made 
by the Justices errant in Northumberland ; he had then paid 550 marcs, and the remainder was 
remitted to him in March, 1258. Rut. Finium, 42 Hen. III. m. 9. Rot. Lit. Pat. 42 Hen. III. m. 11. 

■■' Rot. Lit. Pat. 41 Hen. III. m. 2. 


of him, and which seems inconsistent with his character, but as only one 
incident in the case is recorded it would be unfair to judge him adversely 
upon such imperfect evidence. On August 13th, 1255, the king wrote to 
John de Baliol in consequence of a complaint made by Walter de Kirkham, 
bishop of Durham, and on the i8th of the same month he was ordered to 
come to the king and at once deliver up the castle of Carlisle.^ Four days 
afterwards, on August 22nd, he was ordered to deliver it to Adam de ChartreS 
on behalf of Robert de Brus, to whom the king had committed the castle of 
Carlisle.^ He was charged with having forcibly taken and held the church 
of Long Newton,' on account of which the bishop had excommunicated his 
men. Complaint was also made that Eustace and Joceline de Baliol, John's 
brothers, with others, who were concealed in a wood, had sent out thence 
their knights and squires who had grossly insulted the bishop and his retinue. 
They were further charged with assaulting the bishop's attendants with 
swords and other weapons and with carrying off four of them as prisoners, 
ultimately confining them in the castle at Barnard. The king ordered Baliol 
to release the men or to take the consequences. A writ in the same terms 
was issued against Eustace Baliol, and the constable of Barnard Castle was 
directed to set the bishop's men at liberty.^ John Baliol appears to have 
made satisfaction, for in the same year he had an agreement with the bishop 
of Durham and the prior of Tynemouth, whose churches he is charged with 
having damaged. There is a story in the Lancicost Chronicle about a 
baron of the bishopric of Durham, a person most notable throughout all 
England, who is stated to have committed acts contrary to the honour 
of his degree, and against the reverence due to the church. The bishop, 
Walter de Kirkham, at first failed to bring him to a sense of his iniquitous 
conduct, but ultimately, by his wise treatment, brought back his erring 
son to his bosom. So much was his pride subdued that he submitted to 
be publicly whipped by the hands of the bishop before the door of the 
cathedral church, at the same time undertaking to assist in the maintenance 
of scholars studying at Oxford. The incidents of the story all point to 
John Baliol as the person in question. He was a baron of the bishopric, 
a man more than ordinarily conspicuous in the affairs of the kingdom, he 

' Rot. Lit. Claus. 39 Hen. III. pt. i. m. 7 dorso. - Rot. Lit. Pat. 39 Hen. III. m. 3. 

^ Long Newton was one of the churches afterwards made over by John Baliol II. to Anthony Bek, 
bishop of Durham. * Rot. Lit. Claus. 39 Hen. III. pt. i. m. 7 dorso. 


had been charged bv the bishop with inflicting grave injuries on the church, 
and he made gifts to students at Oxford, a series of circumstances which 
apply to no other lord in the diocese of Durham.* Matthew Paris, who is 
the authority for the agreement with the two ecclesiastics above referred to, 
also says that he was reputed to be avaricious, and that King Henry, 
hearing of his wealth made plans to entrap him.'*' That he was wealthy 
may be inferred from the great extent of his estates, which comprised 
those he had inherited as well as those he acquired bv marriage. At the 
time of his death he appears to have been in possession of a large amount 
of property in money, to judge by the evidence of two documents still 
preserved among the muniments of the prior and convent of Durham.' 
They consist of receipts, from the executors of John de Baliol to the 
convent of Durham, for monev paid in discharge of a debt due from that 
body. It seems strange to find a feudal lord in those early days acting 
as a money lender, a position at the time usually occupied by the Jews 
and the monastic bodies, but the deeds bear testimony that the great 
ecclesiastical foundation of St. Cuthbert was a debtor to the lord of 
Bywell and Barnard Castle. 

Though Henry HI. had been a principal cause of his misfortunes in 
Scotland, Baliol became subsequently a staunch adherent of the king, 
doing him good service during the course of the barons' war (1258-65). 
The estimation in which Baliol was held by the king is shown by his 
having selected him, with the abbot of Burgh and Roger de Quincey, earl 
of Winchester, to attend a parliament to be held at Stirling, shortly 
after Easter, 1258, to which Alexander, king of Scotland, had asked Henry 

' Chronicon de Lanercost, Maitland Club, p. 69. 

^ Matth. Paris, vol. v. p. 528. Whatsoever may have been the truth in this matter the chronicler's 
opinion of John de Baliol was a very bad one. He says : ' Ipse enim Johannes supra quod deceret et 
animae suae e.xpediret avarus, rapax et tenax, tarn ecclesiam de Thynemue quam ecclesiam Uunelmensem 
diu ac multum injuste vexaverat et enormiter dampnificaverat. Necnon et alias ecclesias ac viros 
ecclesiasticos ac milites, causis excogitatis et inventis, sibi vicinos laeserat fatigatos juxta illud 

" Omnis isque superbus 
Impatiens consortis erit." 
Similiter autem et avarus, cui sua non sufficiunt alienis intriabit. 

^ The first {Durham Treasury, Misc. Chart. No. 3585) is a receipt from Sir Hugo de Euer, miles, 
and Stephen, rector of the church of Whitevvorth, executors of the will of John de Balliol, and Peter de 
Brandon, attorney of the lady Deuergoylle de Galwethe, for ten marcs sterling. December loth, 1273. 
The other (No. 4463) is a receipt from ' Domina Deuergoylle de Galwithya, uxor quondam domini 
Johannis de Balliolo, Brianus abbas de Dundrayne, Hugo de Euer, Thomas Ranulph, Henricus Spring, 
Adam de Pincornio, Stephanus rector ccclesiae de Middeford,' executors of John de Balliol, for 1000 
marcs sterling in part payment of ^1000, in which the convent of Durham was bound to John de Balliol. 
Three seals are still attached, all that apparently were ever affixed : that of the abbot of Dundrennan, 
that of Sir Hugh de Eure, and that of Sir Henry le Spring, who is called on the seal Henry de Hectun. 


to send some of his prudent and discreet lords, to aid in redressing 
grievances affecting the king and queen both of England and Scotland 
and their friends. Provision was made, in case war broke out in Scotland, 
then in a disturbed state, that they were to be assisted by Robert de Nevill 
and others.' On May 20, 1259, he received another important commission 
from Henry. He was appointed, in conjunction with Simon de Montfort, 
earl of Leicester, Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and 
others, to treat with certain persons to be chosen by Louis, king of France, 
about some disputed questions of land, especially the value of that of the 
Agenois, and about a sum of money due to Henry from the French king. 
They had also power to arrange the indemnity to be given to Louis 
against any action on the part of the countess of Leicester, Henry's sister, 
which might be brought by her and her children against the king of France.^ 
During the previous March, Baliol had received protection from the king 
until All Saints Day, being about to go beyond sea, possibly in connection 
with his embassage.^ King Henry further showed his goodwill and favour 
towards him by giving him, September 4th, 1260, the wardship of the lands 
of Walter de Wassingle, lately dead, and the marriage of his son, which was 
granted in lieu of 200 marcs the king had promised him* on account of the 
good offices he had done on behalf of the king in France and England.* 
John Baliol continued to receive favours from Henry, and on February 21st, 
1262, in fulfilment of a promise from the king, in acknowledgment of his 
services, to provide a marriage for one of his sons or daughters of the value 
of ;^5oo or up to ;^iooo, Henry gave him the marriage of Robert, the heir 
of Thomas de Greslay, lately deceased, and of the first born son of Robert. 
In case the first born son died before Baliol married him to one of his 
daughters, or should the daughter die before she was able by law to obtain 
dower from the said heritage, then Baliol was to have the marriage of the 
next heir of the said first born son.'' In consequence of Baliol's active 
interference on behalf of the king, especially on account of his resistance 
to ' The Provisions of Oxford ' agreed upon at the parliament held there 
in June, 1258, his lands had been seized by the barons in 1263.' On 

' Rot. Lit. Clans. 42 Hen. III. m. 10 dorso. 

' Rot. Lit. Pat. 43 Hen. III. m. 8 ; Foedera, vol. i. p. 675-687. 

' Rot. Lit. Pat. 43 Hen. III. m. 12, ' Ibid. 44 Hen. III. pt. i. m. 10. 

= Rot. Lit. Claus. 44 Hen. III. pt. i. m. 5. ° Rot. Lit. Pat. 46 Hen. III. pt. i m. 15. 

' Dug-dale, Baronage, vol. i. p. 254. 


September 3rd, 1263, his son Hugh having made oath that he and his 
father would observe the ordinances made at Oxford, the king, by letter, 
directed the authorities in the several counties where John de Baliol had 
lands, to restore to Hugh, on the part of his father, all those which had 
been seised." During the time of the barons' war he was engaged in many 
transactions, military and others, on the part of Henrv, and was present 
when the king was victorious at Northampton, but having joined the king 
at Oxford, April 4th, was taken prisoner at Lewes, when King Henry was 
defeated there. May i-ith, 1264. On the same day, John de Baliol had 
licence from the king to go to his lands with his knights, attendants, 
horses, etc., and to remain there until St. John Baptist's day next following. 
This grant appears to show that Henry did not anticipate defeat in the 
battle then imminent.' Baliol was shortly afterwards set at liberty, and 
became one of the principal instruments in maintaining the king's authority 
in the north of England, and in curbing the power of Simon de Montfort. 

He was governor of Carlisle castle in 1255, and was sheriff of 
Cumberland for seven years, from 33 Hen. HI. to 39 Hen. HI. 
(i 249-1 255).' He was also sheriff of Nottingham and Derby in 1260, 
1 26 1, 1263,^ and on Februarv 12th, 1262, he was appointed keeper of the 
castle of Nottingham, having 50 marcs yearly out of the profits of the 
king's mills of Nottingham.* He had the custody of the honour of 
Peverell given him in 1261." That he occupied an important position 
in Picardy and was estimated for his personal qualities is shown by a 
transaction in which he played a prominent part with good results. Two 
lords in Ponthieu, Hugh de Vaudricourt and Drieson de Graussart, were at 
war, to which the comtesse de Ponthieu, Jeanne de Castille, was anxious 
to put a stop. By a deed dated March, 1267, she appointed herself 
and ' Jehans, sire de Bailleul ' to arbitrate in the matter. Their action was 
successful, and the difference between the two parties was terminated by 
a marriage being brought about between the daughter of the one and the 

' Rot. Lit. Clatis. 47 Hen. III. pt. i. m. 3. -' Rot. Lit. Pat. 48 Hen. III. pt. 1. m. 13. 

^ The account was in arrear when he ceased to be sheiiff, for in the compotus for the county of the 
40 and 41 Hen. III., the then sheriff, Remigius de Pokehnton, returns John de Baillol as owing £2^ 15s. 
of the profit of the county and ^33 6s. 4id., arising from small ferms. Mcmornnda, Q. R., 41 and 42 
Hen. III. m. 17. The sheriff of Essex was ordered to cause Bailiol and Robert de Brus to appear on the 
quinzane of St. Martin to answer for the debt. Further entries in connection with the matter are made on 
the Pipe Roll (Essex), 44 Hen. III. m. 7, dorso, and Memoranda, Q.R. 43 and 44 Hen. III. m. 8. 

' Rot. Pipae (Notts and Derby), 45 Hen. III. rot. 11; 46 Hen. III. rot. 2 dorso; 48 Hen. III. rot. 13. 

5 Lit. Rot. Pat. 46 Hen. III. m. 16. " Ibid. 46 Hen. III. m. 20. 


1. Bernard de Biiliol II. Seal attached to a confirmation of his father Bernard's grant 

of liberties, etc., to his burgesses of Barnard Castle. Preserved in the town 
chest of Barnard Castle. 

2. Bernard de Baliol II. Seal attached to a grant by Bernard de Baliol to St. Mary's, 

York, of the churches of Gainford, Castle Barnard, and Middleton. Cottonian 
Charters, v. 75. 

3 Hugh de Baliol, son of Eustace. Seal attached to a grant of tithes to the Prior 

and Convent of Durham. Dur. Trcas. 2''" 2'"'" Spec. No. 9. Described in 
the present volume, p. n, note 6. 

4 Hugh de Baliol, son of Eustace. Attached to a grant of land in Bromley to Gilbert, 

son of Alden de Hindeleya. Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 345. Described in 
the present volume, p. 144, note 3. 

5. John de Baliol (1228- 1 268). Attached to a grant of Whittonstall to Guy de Araynes. 

Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 6909a. Described in the present volume, p. 179, 
note 3. 

6. John de Baliol (1228-1268). Attached to a grant of common pasture in Marwood to 

the burgesses of Barnard Castle. Preserved in the town chest of Barnard 

7 and 8. Devorguil, wife of John de Baliol. Attached to deed at Balliol College, 

Ale.xander de Baliol, son of John de Baliol and Devorguil. Attached to a lease of 
Whittonstall granted to Roger de Araynes. Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 6909''=. 
Described in the present volume, p. 52, note 2. 




son of the other.' He died about October, 1268, on the 24th of which 
month the king, wishing to show special favour to Devorgilla, his widow, 
ordered the prior of Wymundham, his escheator within Trent, to deliver 
to her the lands which John de Baliol held of her inheritance." On 
November 12th, the same year, an inquisition was made at By well, before 
Robert de Camera and Robert de Meyneville, sub-escheators, and a jury, of 
the extent and value of the lands of Sir John de Baliol. They were set out" 
very fully, with the names of the holders of property under him, the nature 
of the several holdings, and their rents. The jurors found that Hugh de 
Baliol, his son, was his heir, and was thirty years old and upwards.'' 

A charter* still extant, which he granted to the burgesses and free 
tenants of Barnard Castle, is chiefly concerned about an exchange of land 
to enable him to increase the size of his park near the castle. Among the 
provisions is one enacting that the burgesses and free tenants were not to 
cut wood, either dry or green, nor to dig in the turbary or moor included 
within the boundaries set out in the deed. He also founded and endowed a 
hospital at Barnard Castle, dedicated to St. John the Baptist. 

The greatest of his beneficent acts, the outcome of a liberal and 
enlightened conception, was the design he entertained to found a college 
at Oxford. This generous scheme, which his death left unfinished, was 
piously and devotedly completed by his wife, Devorguil. A centre of 
learning, in many ways illustrious through the ages, based on the broad 
foundation of a true scholastic education, which carries on the tradition 
of a culture neither narrow in its scope nor too academic in its training, 
which has borne ripe and ample fruit of many sorts, Balliol College a ell 
justifies the foresight of its founder. For some time before his death he 
had made gifts to maintain poor scholars at Oxford.^ This appears to 
show that the encouragement of learning, to be afterwards matured in a 
permanent and systematic form, had been for some years before his death 
an intention present to his mind. 

John de Baliol, who is described by Matthew Paris, when speaking 

' Bibl. Nat. Paris. Pap. de Doiii Grenier, vol. supplem. 298, piece 36. 

■' Rot. Lit. Clans. 52 Hen. III. m. 2. 

' Inq. p.m. 53 Hen. HI. No. 43 ; cf. Cal. Doc. Rt-l. Scot. Bain, vol. i. p. 498. 

' The charter, to which the seal is attached, is printed in Hutchinson, History of Durham, vol. iii. 
p. 236; Surtees, Durham, vol. iv. p. 71. 

* Henry HI. June 22nd, 1266, ordered the mayor and bailiffs of Oxford to pay out of the farm of 
their town twenty pounds to John de Baliol, which the king had lent him for the purpose of maintaining 
scholars at Oxford. Liberate Roll, 50 Hen. III. m. 6. 

Vol. VI. 7 



of the good service his father Hugh did to the king, as a man rich and 
powerful,' well kept up the reputation of his forefathers as a brave and 
skilful man of war, as was proved by many of the operations in which he 
was engaged. He was further endowed with qualities so statesmanlike as 
to make him an efficient adherent to any cause he adopted, as was fully 
recognised by Henry HI. But the encouragement he gave to learning 
and the large plan he had conceived to carry into effect his designs in 
that direction are his greatest claims to distinction and remembrance. 

Himself and his memory were devoutly and tenderly cherished by his 
wife, nor is there anything more touching, even in the most romantic of 
tales, than what is told of her devotion to a husband to whom she had been 
united for more than thirty years. She had his heart embalmed and 
enclosed in a casket of ivory, which during her life was always by her, 
and when she died, January 28th, 1290, it was ordered to be laid on her 
heart in the grave at Sweet Heart {Duke Cor) in Galloway, where she 
rested beside him in the abbey she had founded. " 

' Maitli. Paris, vol. v. p. 507. 

- Wyntoun in his Crony kit of Scotlami (Historians of Scotland, ed. David Laing, vol. ii. p. 321) has 
related in quaint rhyme, ' How Devorguil that lady spendyt hyr Tresoure devotly.' 

Now to rehers it is my will 

.Sum wertws dedis otT Deruorgill 

That lady wes, as I herd say, 

Alanys [douchtyr] off Gallway. 

Jhon eldare BallyoU in his lyffe 

That lady weddyt till his wyff, 

And on hyr syne efftyr that 

Jhon the BallyoU the Kyng he gat. 

Quhen the BallyoU [at] wes hyr Lord 

Spowsyd, as yhe here record, 

Hys sawle send till his Creature 

Or he wes layd in sepulture, 

.Scho gert oppyn his body tyte 

And gert his hart be tane owt qwyte 

Wyth spycery welle savorand. 

And ofi kynd welle fievorand. 

That ilke hart than, as men sayd, 

Scho bawmyd, and gert it be layd 

In till a cophyn off evore, 

That scho gert be made tharefore, 

Annamalyd and perfytly dycht, 

Lokyt, and bwndyn wyth sylver brycht. 

And alway quhen scho yhed till mete, 

That [cophyne scho gert by hir] sett; 

And till hyr lord, as in presens. 

Ay to that scho dyd reverens. 

And thare scho gert set ilka day, 

[As] wont before hyr lord w-es ay, 

All the cow-rssys coweryd welle 

In to sylver brycht weschelle 

Browcht fra the kychyn, and thare set. 

Quhen scho mad hyr to rys fra met, 
All thai courssys scho gert then 
Be tane wp, and delt til pure men; 
Scho send all thai courssys qud. 
As scho thame chesyt, to ta thare fude. 
This scho cessyt nevyr to do, 
Quhill lyvand in this w-arld wes scho. 
Scho ordanyt in hyre testament. 
And gave byddyng wyth hale intent, 
That "that hart thai suld than ta. 
And lay it betwene hyr pappys twa, 
As detyt thai war than wyth honoure 
To lay'hyr wyth that on sepultoure. 

Scho fowndyt in to Gallway 
Off Cystews ordyre ane Abbay ; 
Diilct- Cor scho gert thaim all. 
That is Swet Hart that Abbay call ; 
And now the men off Gallway 
Callys that sted the New .\bbay 
Howssys off Freris scho fwndyt tway : 
Wygtowne and Dunde [war] thai, 
In ekyng als off Goddis serwyce 
Scho fowndyt in Ghsgw twa chapellanyis. 
And in the Unyversyte 
Off Oxynfurde scho gert be 
A Collage fowndyt. This lady 
Dyd all thir dedis devotly. 
A bettyr lady than scho was nane 
In all the yle off Mare Bretane. 
Scho wes rycht plesand off bewte 
Here wes gret teknys off bownte. 


There must have been something more than ordinary in the nature and 
conduct of John Baliol to have begotten such loving tenderness, in times 
when the accompaniments of life, unsettled, changing, fierce, and cruel as 
they were, tended to make the heart hard and the feelings blunt. Nor w^as 
it merely a sentiment of aifection w^hich was so conspicuous in Devorguil; 
there was in addition the steadfast love which guided her to complete a 
much desired scheme of the husband to whom she was so heartfully" 

His eldest son Hugh succeeded to the large estates of his family but 
was not long in possession, having died before April loth, 1271.^ In the 
same year an inquisition of the Northumberland lands of his widow was 
taken ;- an inquisition of his Bywell lordship being made October 20th, 
1272/ He married into a great house, his wife being Agnes, ^ daughter 
of William de Valentia, earl of Pembroke, wddow of Maurice Fitzgerald;'' 
she married for the third time John de Avesnes, lord of Beaumont, and 
died in 1309. 

On May 4th, 1269, Henry HI. granted licence to Hugh Baliol, on 
account of service done to him and his son Edward, that he might discharge 
the sum due for his relief by yearly payments of /,20.'' On the same day 
the king notified to his escheator beyond Trent, that he had remitted to 
Hugh de Baliol 60 marcs out of the 120 marcs, which the escheator had 
received of the issues of the lands of John de Baliol, his father, before Hugh 
made homage, and before the lands were delivered to him. He was ordered 
to give Hugh the money and to pay the remaining 60 marcs into the 
king's w^ardrobe.' 

Hugh de Baliol onlv lived about thirty years, dying in 1271. Nothing 
has been recorded of him except his being present with his father at the 
battle of Lewes, and a story, evidently a mere invention, that he neglected 
to pay a sum of money he owed his father's executors for the price of 
two horses.^ 

' Rot. Lit. Claus. 55 Hen. III. m. 5. - Inq. p.m. 55 Hen. HI. Record Series, vol. i. p. 36. 

' Inq. p.m. 56 Hen. III. Record Series, vol. i. p. 38b. 

* She had for dower the vills of Gainford, Piercebridge, and Headlam. Reg. Pal. Dunelm. Rolls 
Series, vol. ii. p. 798. Agnes de Valentia, by an inquisition taken, under the statute de quo warrunto, 
at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1293, was found to have right of gallows and other privileges at Gainford. 
Plac. de quo warranto, Record Series, p. 604 b. 

^ Dugdale's Baronage, p. 776. Ex coil. Robert Glover, 5. (Somerset Herald). 

' Rot. Lit. Claus. 53 Hen. III. in. 8. ' Ibid. 53 Hen. III. m. 7. 

** Ballio-Fergus, p. 24, by Henry Savage, D.D., Master of Balliol College, O.xford, 1668. 


Alan, the next brother, had died before Hugh,' and the succession 
therefore passed to his ne.xt surviving brother Alexander, who confirmed 
the grants of his predecessors to the burgesses of Barnard Castle, by a 
charter which still remains among the muniments of that town." By 
an agreement made by his father with St. Marv's abbey, to which the church 
of Middleton belonged by grant of his ancestor, on the i6 kal. Feb. 
(January 17th), 1274, Alexander de Baliol presented William de Pothou 
to the rectory, as it is called, of Midelton in Tesdall, vacant by the 
death of Reginald de Sesselio.' He married Eleanor de Genouere, a lady 
in some way connected with Eleanor, queen of Henry HI., who gave 
them a grant in frank marriage of the manors of Mitford and Felton in 
Northumberland, with remainder to the crown in case of Eleanor's death 
without issue." He died in 1278,^ when Thomas de Normanville, the king's 
senescal, was ordered to take possession of his lands, '^ the custody of which 
was shortly after granted to Robert de Eure.'^ His widow" married Robert 
de Stuteville, and was living, again a widow, in 1306. 

John de Baliol, the youngest son, who succeeded his brother 
Alexander,' was born in 1249, '^"'^ ^^''^^ twenty-eight years of age when he 
came into possession of the great Baliol inheritance. In addition to the two 
baronies of BywelP" and Gainford, he inherited large estates in Hertford- 

' Rymers Focdera, vol. i. p. 579. 

-■ Hutchinson, History of Durham, vol. iii. p. 239 ; Surtees, vol. iv. p. 72. The only seal of 
Ale.xander de Baliol which appears to have been preserved is a small one attached to a lease, executed 
in 1272, granting the manor of Wyttonstal and other estates to Roger de Areyns. Durham Treasury, 

Misc. Chart. No. 6909.* It is round, I inch diameter. On a shield an orle >J< SIG 

NDKI . . . . DE H.WLL .... 

' Reg. S. Mariae, Ebor. fol. 314 v. The presentation was made in accordance with an agreement 
before the bishop of Durham's justices at Sadberge, between William, abbot of St. Mary's (1239-1244), 
and Alexander's father, John. After the death of Pothou, John de Baliol, king of Scotland, January 
20th, 1294, presented John fitz Henry, and again Edward, king of Scotland, March 25th, 1333, presented 
his clerk, Walter de Langcestria. It was then vacant by the death of John fitz Henry on December 
22nd, 1332. Ibid. fol. 315. 

' Plac. de quo warr. 21 Edw. I. Record Series, p. 5S7. 

' Iiiq. p.m. 6 Edw. I. Record Series, vol. i. p. 62b. " Abbrev. Rot. Orig. Record Series, vol. i. p. 32. 

' Ibid. p. 33. ^ She had for dower the vill of Gainford. Reg. Pal. Dunelm, vol. iii. p. 56. 

' Rot. Fill. 7 Edw. I. m. 14, m. 21, ni. 22. 

'° The Testa de Nei'ill contains a full account of the Northumberland possessions \vhich passed to 
John de Baliol on the death of Alexander. They were : Newbyging, Wodhorne with Lynmuwe and 
Hirst, Haliwell, Lynton, Ellynglon and Cressewell, Heyden with its members, Bechefeld, Nigram 
Heddon, Staunfordham, a moiety of Dalton with its members, Rihill, Gunwarton with Swinborne, 
Newton del West, Newton del Est, .-^cum, Slelling, Ovington, Eltrincham, Mickeley, Quictunstal, 
Falderley, Brcmley, and a moiety of Bywell with Stokesfeld. Testa de Nevill, p. 3S5. A seal of John de 
Baliol, unfortunately imperfect, is preserved in the Durham Treasury, Misc. Chart. No. 6909 ■■'. 
It is attached to a grant of the vill of Quyctunistalle cum no\a villa to Guydo de Areynes. Round, 
l| inches in diameter. Equestrian, knight galloping to right, holding sword in right hand, and shield, 
the inside of which is shown, on left arm i ll . . . . nnis : de . . . . 


shire, Northampton, and other counties in the south of England, many 
fees in Scotland, and the original lands of the family in France, viz., 
Bailleul, Dompierre, Harcourt, and Verney. These were to be largely 
increased on the death of his mother, which took place at Kenipston, in 
Bedfordshire, on the Sunday after January 28th, 1290,' by the addition 
of tne lordship of Gallowav and of many valuable fees in Scotland 
and England." The doubtful advantage of the presumptive heirship to 
the throne of Scotland was included among what he inherited from 
Devorguil. He was also heir to Christiana, his aunt, the widow of William 
de Fortibus. 

The first incident in his life which has been recorded is an interesting 
one. The account relates that he received his education in the schools of 
Durham, a training probably due to his father's love and encouragement of 
learning. The fact comes out incidentally in a story told by Robert de 
Graystanes, historian of the church of Durham,' in connection with a 
dispute between Richard de Hoton, prior of Durham, and Ranulph de Nevill, 
lord of Raby. This occurred about a buck which was due yearly from the 
latter to the monastery of Durham, as part of the service he was bound to 
render for the tenure of the lordship of Raby. To recount the tale briefly : 

At the feast of St. Cuthbert in September, 1290, when the stag was 
accustomed to be offered at the shrine of the saint, the lord of Raby 
demanded that he should dine with the prior, to be served by his own men, 
and the stag to be cooked bv his own people in the convent kitchen. To 
this the prior demurred, as being contrary to custom. Then the quarrel 
waxed hot, and from words the disputants came to blows. The stag 
lying before the shrine, where it had been offered, an attempt was made 
by Ranulph's servants to take it to the kitchen. The monks resisted, the 

' Inij. p.m. 18 Edw. I. Record .Series, vol. i. p. 102. March 12, 1290, Edward I. having received the 
homage of John de Balhol, son and heir of Uervorgulla de Balhol, ordered the escheator within Trent to 
give him seisin. Rot. Lit. Cuius. 18 Edw. I. m. 14. 

- The extent and value of his inheritance in Scotland may be estimated from the sum 
^3,289 14s. lid. at which he was assessed in 1293 for his relief of his late mother's lands there. Rot. Lit. 
Pat. 21 Edw. I. Rolls Series (1292-1301) p. 12.; Rot. Fin. 21 Edw. 1. m. 17. In England in addition to 
By well and Barnard Castle, he had Hitchin, Driffield, Kenipston, and Fotheringhay, of which some 
were ancient Baliul possessions, while others belonged to hini as heir to his mother. Fotheringhay had 
descended to her from the Countess Judith, wife of Earl VValtheof, to whom her uncle Wihiam the 
Conqueror had given it. The Countess Judith appears as holding Fodringeia in Duiiiesdciy Book, 
Record Edition, vol. i. p. 22B. In an inquest held 7 Edw. I. (1278-9) the jurors say that, 'Johannes de 
Ball tenet baroniam de Biwell de domino rege in capite per servitium ix feodorum et dimidii militarium 
et per quartam partem unius militis.' Assize Rolls, Northumberland, Surt. Soc. No. 88, p. 355. 

^ Hist. Dunclin. Script. Trcs. ; Surt. .Soc. 9, 74. 


men of Raby laying violent hands upon them. The monks then took up 
arms, the large wax candles they were carrying were used on the heads of 
the men at arms, the cowl prevailed in the end, the stag remained with the 
monks, and Ranulph with his followers was driven out. Now comes in 
what relates to John de Baliol. Lord Nevill invited many of those present 
to go with him, but when Baliol was asked he refused, saying he had for a 
long time attended the schools of Durham and had never heard of such a 
claim as that preferred by the lord of Raby. 

He does not appear to have taken any active part in public affairs until 
after the death of his mother, when he was forty years of age.' In the 
same year, 1290, Margaret the Maid of Norway, queen of Scotland, having 
died on September 27th, the throne became vacant. Before the death of the 
Princess Margaret was known, it being then only rumoured, on October 7th, 
1290, William Fraser, bishop of St. Andrews, one of the regents of the 
kingdom, another being Sir John Cumyn of Badenoch, had written to King 
Edward. In the letter he informed him how the country was troubled 
and the people in despair at her reported death, that everything was in 
a disturbed and dangerous condition, and even civil war was apprehended. 
He added that if John de Baliol came to him it would be well that Edward 
should treat with him, so that in any case his honour and advantage might 
be preserved. He added that, if it pleased the king, it was desirable that 
he himself should come near to the Marches, for the comfort of the people 
and to prevent bloodshed.'' 

The regents appear to have been favourable to Baliol, but a large party 
desired to place Robert Bruce on the throne. In that interest an appeal 
against the regents to King Edward was made by the seven earls of 
Scotland (an ancient but somewhat dormant constitutional body) and the 
coDununitas of the kingdom, in which they claimed the privilege of 
constituting a king and placing him on the throne.^ Thirteen pretenders 
put forward their claims, but in the end there were only three who carried 
their candidature to an issue, John de Baliol, Robert de Brus, earl of 
Annandale, and John de Hastings. John de Baliol had before then styled 

' The inquest of his mother's Yorkshire lands, held at Driffield, gives his age as thirty-five years, that 
of her Northamptonshire estates, held at Fotheringhay, and that of the extent of her vill of Kempston, 
held at Bedford, make him forty years old. Inq. p.m. i8 Edw. I. Record Series, vol. i. p. 102. 

'' Rymer's Focdera, ed. 1705, vol. ii. p. 1090; National Manuscripts of Scotland, vol. i. No. Ix.x. ; Royal 
Letters, No. 1302. 

' Palgrave, Documents illustrating the History of Scotland, pp. 14-.21. 


himself ^ heres regni ScotiaeP in a deed dated November 15th, i2go, 
binding himbelf to pay to Antony Bek, bishop of Durham, the sum of 500 
marcs in case King Edward did not sanction Baliol's transfer to the 
bishop of the manors in Cumberland, and the manor of Werk in Tyndale, 
once held by Alexander III. of Scotland. He claimed as heir to his mother, 
the daughter of Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon, 
grandson of David L, king of Scotland. Robert de Brus claimed as heir 
to his mother Isabel, second daughter of the same David, and John de 
Hastings as heir to his grandmother Ada, third daughter of David. The 
legal right of Hastings, as grandson of the junior daughter, may be set 
aside as being without force, and was finally disallowed. That of Bruce 
also, as son of the second daughter, cannot be held to have been a valid 
one. But at this time the legal status with regard to royal descent had not 
been settled, and hence the succession came into dispute. A difficulty 
arose with regard to the authority bv which the claims of the various 
parties were to be examined into and determined, and the person in whom 
the power should be vested of declaring to whom the succession to the 
crown had descended. It has been a common belief that it was determined 
by a party in Scotland to advocate the choosing an arbitrator to adjudicate 
upon the claims of the various pretenders to the Crown, and that the 
bishop of St. Andrews, the abbot of Jedburgh, and Geoffrey de Mowbray 
were sent to Edward to ask him to act in that capacity. There is no evidence 
to support this view, which, however, considering the state of the country 
and the scheming of the various interests in the succession, is by no means 
an improbable one. Anyhow, Edward took steps to strengthen his position, 
and to ensure for himself, as far as possible, the power to place on the throne 
a person suitable for his purpose. There were many interests and passions 
then at work in Scotland which tended to further Edward's plans for 
obtaining the control of the kingdom, if not its entire subjection to his rule as 
a part of the dominions of the English Crown. A large and fertile province 
to the south of the Firth of Forth was English in its population, differing in 
racial character from the rest of Scotland, and one in language, habits, and 
temperament with the southern part of the ancient Anglian kingdom of 
Northumbria. A considerable number of the great feudal lords were the 
descendants of the Normans and others whom David I. had settled 

' Campbell Charters, British Museum, .\xx. No. 9. 


in his country, and many of them had themselves possessions south of 
the border, or were closely tied by relationship to English nobles. 
Internal jealousies and selfish interests among the great landowners 
had undermined loyaltv tc their country, an element of discord which 
was still further aggravated by the claims to the Crown put forward by 
the competitors. 

On April i6th, 1291, Edward issued a writ to the sheriffs of Yorkshire, 
Lancashire, Westmorland, Cumberland, and Northumberland, to see that 
those persons bound to serve, whose names were given, among them being 
those of John de Baliol, Alexander de Baliol, and Robert de Brus, should 
have notice to be at Norham on June 3rd, with horses, arms and a full 
equipment, to meet the king there.' He had required the bishops and 
other clergv, the earls, magnates, and commons of Scotland to meet him 
at the same place in quindena Paschae, Easter-day that year falling on 
April 22nd.' The meeting did not, however, take place until May loth, 
when Edward declared that, as superior and supreme lord of the kingdom 
of Scotland, he would do justice to all, so that, discords and dissensions 
being subdued, firm peace and tranquillity might be restored. To this 
claim of superiority he required their assent and recognition. In answer 
to their request that they might have time to consult the absent 
prelates, nobles, and commons, and to confer together, the king, telling 
them that they had been already sufficiently informed, gave them until the 
next day. The meeting was again deferred for three weeks, when they were 
to give a precise and peremptory reply to his requisition, and to produce 
any documents, if they had them, to prove his claim to the paramountcy 
to be baseless. In the meantime, on May 31st, Edward issued a letter 
to the effect that the meeting at Norham on English ground should not 
act to the prejudice of Scotland, or be taken as a precedent.' On June 
2nd, a meeting was held in a green field in the open air {in area viridi 
sub divo\ at Upsetlington, on the north bank of the Tweed, immediately 
opposite Norham, within the kingdom of Scotland. In addition to the 

' Roi. Lit. Clans. 19 Edw. I. m. 7 dorso. Rymer's Foedera, vol. ii. p. 525. 

■' A full account of all the proceedings in the case of the competitors, with the evidence and arguments 
adduced in favour of their claims, at the meetings held at Norham, Upsetlington, and Berwick, together 
with the names of those present at the sittings, will be found in Rymer's Foedera, ed. 1705, vol. ii. p. 542 
et seq. It is contained in a public instrument drawn up by Master John de Cadamo, notary. 

' Foedera, vol. ii. p. 528. 


bishops, prelates, earls, barons, magnates, nobles, and commons of Scotland, 
nine of the competitors were present, in person or by proxy, John Baliol, 
through Sir Thomas Randulf, his knight, excusing himself on the pretext 
that he had mistaken the day. After Robert Burnel, bishop of Bath and 
Wells, chancellor of England, had protested Edward's supremacy, he 
declared, in the king's name, that in virtue of that power the king would 
judge in whom the succession to the Crown of Scotland was vested. The 
claimants were then called upon to answer if they admitted the supremacy 
of Edward and would abide by his decision. It was put first to Robert 
Brus, who gave his assent without reserve, and then to the others, who 
answered in the same way, John Baliol giving the same pledge the day 
following, June 3rd.' On June 4th it was agreed that, up to the time of 
the decision and for the two months following, Edward should be seised of 
the kingdom and castles of Scotland. After other meetings had been held, 
on June 12th, 1291,'^ the regents of Scotland, the competitors and others, 
prelates, nobles, and the commiinitas of the kingdom, assembled in the same 
grass field at Upsetlington, and after the seal of the regency had been handed 
to Alan, bishop of Caithness, then constituted by Edward chancellor of 
Scotland, they crossed over to Norham castle to learn Edward's will. The 
king ordained that on the next day, at the place beyond the river within the 
kingdom of Scotland, where they had first met, the regents of the kingdom, 
the competitors, and all the bishops, prelates, earls, barons, magnates, nobles, 
and the communities of cities, castles, boroughs, and towns, should again 
assemble and then swear fealty to him as over and supreme lord of the 
kingdom of Scotland {^nt snperinri et directo domino rcgni Scottae), and 
that he would after that have his peace publicly proclaimed. The next 
day, June 1 3th, after this had been done, Edward handed over the custody 
of the kingdom to the old regents, William Eraser, bishop of St. Andrews, 
Sir John Comyn of Badenoch, Robert, bishop of Glasgow, and James, 
senescall of Scotland, adding a fifth, an Englishman, Brian Fitzalan.' At 
the same time, after the king's peace as superior lord of the kingdom of 
Scotland had been proclaimed, the next meeting was fixed to be held on 
August 2nd at Berwick, when the claims of the competitors would be 
examined. The deliberations of the assembly of the Scottish lords and 
commons were to be assisted by twenty-four Englishmen appointed by 

' Foedera, vol. ii. pp. 545-549. ' Ibid. p. 557. ^ Ibid. p. 558. 

Vol. VI. 8 


Edward, forty chosen bv Bruce and forty by Baliol, a body which had 
previously, on June 5th, been constituted a court of advice.' After more 
than one adjournment, the court, after the case had been very fully 
argued on the part of the claimants, decided in favour of Baliol, and on 
November 17th, 1292, the English king, in the hall of the castle of 
Berwick-upon-Tweed, confirmed the decision, and gave authoritative 
judgment in full parliament, in the presence of the commissioners and 
other great civil and ecclesiastical personages of England and Scotland.^ 
On the igth, the regents gave seisin to John de Baliol of the kingdom 
of Scotland, and the seal they had previously used was broken.^ The 
next day Baliol swore allegiance to Edward in the castle at Norham,^ 
and was crowned at Scone on November 30th, St. Andrew's day,'' doing 
homage on December 26th to Edward at Newcastle.* 

It has been believed that Edward's decision in favour of Baliol was 
influenced by Antony Bek,' bishop of Durham, and the earl of Warren 
and Surrey. They were certainly both of them in Scotland and in 
communication with the regent, Bishop William Eraser, when the death 
of the Princess Margaret was reported and then denied, and in con- 
junction with him they took steps to ascertain if it was true. It was 
Bishop Eraser who had written to Edward, October 7th, isqo, when the 
death of Margaret was uncertain, telling him of the disturbed condition of 
the country, and how desirable it would be, were she to die, that Edward 
should be in Scotland. Both the two English lords were naturally favour- 
able to Baliol ; the earl of Warren was his father-in-law, and Bek, in 
whose see two of his baronies were situated, had not long before received 
from Baliol a grant of Neasham and Long Newton, valuable members of 
the barony of Gainford. The court held that Baliol, as descended from 
the elder daughter, though more remotely, had a better right than Bruce, 
who, though nearer in degree by one descent, was the son of the second 
daughter and co-heir. It can scarcely be doubted that the decision of 
the commissioners was a just one, and that the grounds upon which they 
based it were correct in law, and also in accordance with the natural 
order of regal descent. 

' Foedera, vol. ii. p. 558. - Il>id. p. 589. ^ Ibid. pp. 590, 591. * Ibid. p. 591. 

» Rot. Scociae, vol. i. p. II ; Doc. ami Rec. p. 141. 

' Chapter House Westminster ; Scots Doc. Bo.x. 3 n. 51 ; Foedera, vol. ii. p. 593. 

' Reg. Pal. Dunelm. Rolls Series, vol. ii. 799. 


Among the incidents which occurred during the course of the investi- 
gation into the claims made by the competitors, there is one which may be 
thought to indicate that it was not the intention of Edward at that time 
to lay a plan for the absorption of Scotland into his kingdom. John de 
Hastings, in prosecuting his claim, argued that, Scotland being held in chief 
from the crown of England, was, under the common law, divisible into three 
parts, and that he was therefore entitled to inherit one-third of the kingdom, 
Edward acting in accordance with the answer made by the council to his 
question, whether the kingdom of Scotland was divisible or not, decreed that 
it was not divisible but was one. It would apparently have been favourable 
to his scheme, supposing such to have existed, to have had Scotland parcelled 
out into three kingdoms, rather than to be united into one, and this procedure 
of Edward may perhaps be considered as a testimony to his good faith in 
the many professions of a disinterested policy which he made. 

There was one element in the transactions which accompanied the 
accession of John de Baliol which bore within it the seeds of difficulty and 
disaster. The acknowledgment of the paramountcy of the English king by 
the Scottish lords and the competitors might be a needful admission for the 
present emergency, but it was one which, in the future, was certain to breed 
discord and opposition. To be ruled by a king who admitted he was the 
vassal, for it amounted to that, of a neighbouring king must have been 
intolerable to a proud nation like that of the Scots, and to the king himself, 
though in the interests of his case he had bound himself to it, almost 
unbearable. The seed thus unhappily sown soon bore fruit. The history of 
the transaction, and everything in connection with it, shows that Edward's 
intention, however it might be veiled, was to become virtually the ruler of 
the kingdom, with probably the ulterior purpose of annexing Scotland to 
his dominions ; at all events he showed himself prepared to make use of 
anything that took place which might be so managed as to further such 
an object. 

Very shortly after John de Baliol was crowned, a transaction occurred 
which gave Edward an opportunity of infringing the just rights of an 
independent state. A suit had been undertaken by Margery Moyne, wife of 
Walter de Thorntone, against Master Roger Bartholomew, a burgess of 
Berwick. The pleas concerning the case had been heard before the regents 
of Scotland, on October i8th, 1291, at Edinburgh, and pleadings in two 


other suits against the same person were heard on October 22nd. A decision 
was given against Bartholomew in all the three suits. On December 22nd, 
1292, he appealed at Newcastle to Edward, as superior lord of the kingdom 
of Scotland, against the decision of the Scottish court. After some discussion 
before the king's council about the right of appeal, on December 3fst 
Edward declared, viva voce in French, that, notwithstanding all his previous 
promises, concessions, ratifications, letters, or instruments, he would hear 
complaints and other matters coming from the kingdom of Scotland, and give 
judgment upon them. And, going still further, he said that, if necessary, 
he would summon the king of Scotland himself to appear before him in 
his realm of England.' To this John de Baliol assented, and by a writing 
dated January 2nd, 1293, released Edward from all agreements, promises, 
and obligations made to the guardians and good people of Scotland, making 
special mention of the agreement of Northampton, August 28th, 1290, 
and fully recognizing his supremacy over the kingdom of Scotland.^ This 
submission of Baliol had its reward on the 5th of the same month, when 
Edward issued an order to give John de Baliol, king of Scotland, seisin of 
the kingdom of Man, as Alexander, the last king of Scotland, whose heir 
he was, had held it.^ 

However galling the proceedings in the case of Bartholomew may 
have been to the king of Scotland, they were soon to be followed by an 
act on the part of Edward which must have been beyond endurance. On 
March 25th, 1293, a citation was issued by him in which he calls himself 
superior doniinus regni Scotiae, ordering Baliol to attend before him on 
May 25th, wherever Edward might chance to be in England, to answer a 
complaint laid against him by Macduff, son of Malcolm, late earl of Fife, 
for not having done hun justice.* On June 15th he was again cited 
by Edward, on an appeal of Austrica, cousin and heir of the late king 
of Man, to appear before him as the superior lord of the kingdom of Scotland, 
to ansuer her charge against him, and to do towards her what was right.' 
Baliol did not appear in May to answer in the case of Macduff, and was 
ordered bv Edward to attend on October 14th. On this occasion he obeyed 
the summons and made his appearance in court before Edward, when he 
displayed much manly courage and acted with a spirit befitting his dignity as 

' Fot:</«ra, vol. ii. p. 597. 'Ibid. ■"//</(/. p. 603. ' /it'rf. p. 686. ' /ifi/ p. 688. 

The whole proceedings in these cases are given at length in Ryley, PUuita Parkmcntaria, p. 145 scq. 


a man and his position as king. When required to answer to the complaint 
of Macduff, he replied that he was king of Scotland and did not dare to 
answer to that complaint or to any other matter pertaining to his kingdom 
without the advice of the good men of his realm. When Edward told him 
he was his liege man and had done homage and fealtv to him for his 
kingdom, and was then present in obedience to his command, Baliol 
returned the same answer as he had made before f he was ultimately judged 
to be contumacious, and it was ordered that three of the principal castles in 
Scotland, with the towns in which they were situated, and the regal 
jurisdiction in them, should be seized into the hand of Edward and be 
retained until Baliol had given satisfaction. Baliol petitioned the king that 
the judgment might not be made public until he had had the advice of his 
people, to which Edward consented, agreeing to take no further steps before 
June 14th, 1294. On May 3rd, 1293, Edward had ordered Thomas de 
Normanvill, escheator beyond Trent, who had taken an inquisition about 
the lands and heirship, to give John de Baliol seisin of the lands in 
Tyndale held lately by Alexander, king of Scotland, of the king in chief 
by homage. It was to be deferred until Baliol had done homage, which 
he was to do on or before the quinzane of St. Michael next following." 
On the 29th of October, the king, having meanwhile taken the homage of 
Baliol for the land of Tyndale, the manors of Soureby and Penreth, held 
before by Alexander, and for his portion of the honour of Huntingdon, 
the escheator beyond Trent was ordered to give seisin of the land in his 
jurisdiction, and the escheator within Trent of Baliol's part of the honour 
of Huntingdon.' On December 3rd, it having been found that the hamlets 
of Langwathby, Salkild, Karlaton and Scotteby were appendages of the 
manors of Soureby and Penreth, the escheator was ordered to give Baliol 
seisin as soon as he had given surety for the payment of his relief.^ 

Baliol did not remain long in possession of these valuable estates. 
By a charter dated at the New Temple, London, June 20th, 1294, he 
granted to the church of St. Cuthbert and Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, 
fifty librates of land within his liberty of Werk in Tyndale, wherever the 
bishop or his bailiff might choose, excejjt only in the vill of Werk and 

' Ryley, Placita Pnrleinentaria, pp. 158, 159. 

^ Rymer's Focdera, vol. ii. p. 616; Rot. Lit. Clems. 21 Edw. I. m. 9. 

' Rot. Lit. Ciuus. 21 Edw. I. 111. 2. ' Rot. Finium, 22 Edw. I. m. 22. 


the capital messuage there. He also gave him the advowson of the church 
Symundeburn, with its chapels. The whole were to be held in free alms. 
The charter was sealed with his privy seal, his great seal not being at 
hand.' At the same place, on the same day, Baliol granted to Bishop 
Bek for life, the manors of Penreth, Scotteby, Karlaton, Langwathby, 
Salkilde, and Soureby, with all the liberties Baliol or his ancestors had 
held in the said manors or elsewhere in Cumberland. The whole was to 
revert to Baliol after Bek's death. ■ The transfer of all the lands he had 
by inheritance from the kings of Scotland was completed bv a grant in free 
alms, made to Bishop Bek and his church of Durham at Stirling, July 
3rd, 1295, of the manor of Werke in Tyndale, with all the lands held 
there by him and his ancestors, together with the advowson of the churches 
in Tyndale belonging to John Baliol and his heirs.' 

It is difficult to understand why Baliol should have made such large 
and important gifts to Bishop Bek, though there are two circumstances 
in their relationship which may suggest an explanation of Baliol's action. 
Bek is said, as has been already mentioned, to have exercised influence 
with King Edward in favour of Baliol when he was candidate for the 
throne of Scotland. It is true that before then Baliol had made over to 
the bishop the estates of Neasham and Long Newton, but there may have 
been an understanding that there was to be a further recompense when 
Baliol came into possession of the lands his predecessors, kings of Scotland, 
had held in the two northern counties. The gift may also have been made 
by wav of compromise for the injuries which Bek alleged that he 
sustained in respect of the vills of Berwick and Hadington.^ Some 
light is thrown upon the affair by a document among the Papal Records 
at Rome.* On July nth, 1297, Pope Boniface VIII. ratified a grant by 

' Rot. Cart. 22 Edw. I. m. i. Baliol's grant is contained in an inspeximus of Edward I., dated 
June 25th, 1294. 

^ Rot. Lit. Claus. 22 Edw. I. m. 3. 

^ Rot. Lit. Pat. 25 Edw. I. pt. i. m. i5. The grant is contained in an inspeximus of Baliol's letters 
patent, by Edward I., dated February 8th, 1297. On September 20th, 1296, King Edw^ard, then at 
Bamburgii, issued a writ to the sheriff of Northumberland and the bailiff of Tyndale, ordering them to 
deliver to Bek the manor of Werke in Tyndale and all other lands which John, late king of Scotland, 
had granted by charter to the bishop, and which, by reason of the war with Scotland, were then in the 
king's hands. Rot. Lit. Claus. 24 Edw. I. m. 4. 

' The sheriff of Northumberland was ordered, April 22nd, 1294, to present to John Baliol in person 
a citation from King Edward to appear and make answer to these charges. Rymer's Foedera, vol. ii. 
p. 632. 

' Cal. of Papal Registers, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 573. 


John, king of Scotland, to Bishop Bek, some of whose possessions had been 
taken by John Baliol and his ancestors, of the church of Simondoborne, 
the advowson of which the said king of Scotland had given as recompense, 
together with certain lands. There had been a long continued feud 
between the Baliols and the bishops of Durham about the homage of 
Gainford and other matters, a condition of things not likely to be modified 
when the see of Durham was in the hands of a prelate with the temper 
and pretensions of Antony Bek. 

At a parliament held in London in May, 1294, where Baliol was 
present, it is said he offered to give the income of his English estates to 
Edward for three years towards the cost of the war with France.' On 
June 29th, Edward required and asked by his faith and homage that Baliol 
would send him a body of his men, with horses and arms, properly equipped 
and ready to pass over sea with the king for service in Gascony." On his 
return to Scotland Baliol soon came into open conflict with Edward, whose 
demand for troops to aid in the war in France was evaded. Going still 
further in opposition to the English king, in a parliament held at Scone, it 
was ordered that all the English who were in attendance upon Baliol 
should be dismissed, and at the same time all the lands held by EngHshmen 
in Scotland were declared to be forfeited. 

The action of Baliol and his parliament was met by an order from 
Edward, dated October i6th, 1295, to the sheriffs of all the English counties, 
directing them to take into their hands the lands, goods, and chattels, of 
John the king of Scotland, and those of all other Scotsmen who had lands 
or other possessions in their several counties.'^ On the same day Edward 
notified that the king of Scotland by his command had delivered to John, 
bishop of Carlisle, the castles and towns of Berwick-on-Tweed, Roxburgh, 
and Jedburgh for the securitv of the king of England, and of his kingdom. 
He undertook that this arrangement should only continue as long as the war 
lasted between himself and the king of France, and that when it was ended 
the castles should be delivered up to the king of Scotland.^ This was 
presently followed, February 13th, 1296, by another order that all the goods 
and chattels, except ploughs, oxen, and similar instruments of agriculture, 

' In a grant of a great part of the lands lately belonging to John de Baliol and granted by King 
Edward to John of Brittany, a full account is given of their yearly value, which amounted to above ^460. 
Foedera, vol. ii. p. 1029. 

'' fuedera, vol. ii. p. 642. ' Rot. Fin. 23 Edw. I. m. 3. ' Foedeni, vol. ii. p. 692. 


of Scotsmen found on their English estates should be at once sold and the 
proceeds paid into tlie king's exchequer.' On April 27th, still another writ 
was issued to the same sheriffs, ordering that no Scotsman nor any one 
else in his place, should remain upon the lands of Scotsmen in England.^ 
As a result of this writ a minute and valuable return was made of these 
lands. A later account made in 1 300-1 301, adds the value of such estates 
held in Northumberland.' 

The next year Baliol proceeded still further in his resistance to England, 
making an alliance with Philip, king of France. One of the terms of the 
agreement ratified in Paris, October 23rd, 1295,^ provided that if either of 
the parties was attacked by Edward, mutual assistance should be given. 
The French king at the same time gave his assent to the marriage of 
his niece, Isabel, daughter of Charles de Valois, with Edward Baliol, John's 
son, which, however, was never carried out.* The effect of the agreement 
with France was not long in being brought to an issue. In 1296, Edward 
having invaded Gascony, in virtue of the compact, the pope meanwhile 
having delivered Baliol from the obligation of his oath of fealty, a large 
army, headed by John Comyn, earl of Buchan, at the end of March 
entered Cumberland and attempted, but without success, to take Carlisle. 
A little later, in April, they entered Northumberland, burning and 
devastating as they went. Among other places they burnt the imnnery 
of Lambley, and the church of their patron saint, Andrew, at Hexham, 
where the nave has ever since remained a ruin, burning, too, the school 
at the same time, with the scholars within it." Before the end of March, 
very shortly after the Scots had made their incursion into England, 
Edward', at the head of a more powerful force than theirs, entered the 
eastern border and took Berwick by storm on the 30th of the same month. 

While Edward was at Berwick on April 5th, 1296, a letter was presented 
to him by Henry, abbot of Arbroath, on the part of the king of Scotland. In 
it Baliol complained, in strong and dignified language, that he and his 

' Q. R. Memorandci Roll, Recoid Office 24 Edvv. I. m. 12 ; Rot. Lit. Claus. 24 Edw. I. m. 10. 

' Q. R. Ancient Misc. Sheriff's accounts, bundle 'i,' 694. 

' Rot. Pipae (lands of Scots in Northumberland), 29 Edw. I. rot. 47 dorso, rot. 48. 

* Foedera, vol. ii. p. 695. 

' The dower which Isabel de \'alois was to have from John Baliol was settled upon the seignories of 
Bailleul, Dompierre, Hornoy and Helicourt, in France, and upon all his seignories in Scotland. 

" Chronicon de Lanercosi, Maitland Club, pp. 174 et seq. 


country had incurred grave and intolerable injuries and enormous losses by 
the violent force of the English, with the connivance of Edward, or anyhow 
with his knowledge, against the king's liberties and those of Scotland, and 
against God and justice. He enumerated many and various instances of 
tyranny, oppression, and insult, and declared he had been unable to obtain 
any remedy or redress for them, though, through his agent, that had been 
often asked for. He further stated that Edward had assembled a large army, 
which had already committed many inhuman massacres and burnings, and 
that not being willing any longer to endure these unjust aggressions against 
himself and his kingdom, he renounced his fealty and homage, e.xtorted from 
him, as he said, bv violence.' Edward's answer was curt and forewarning. 
' Ha !' said he, 'the mad rascal, what a fool he makes of himself! if he will 
not come to us we will go to him.'- The action that followed was prompt, 
after the manner of the English king. On April 26th, the earl of Warren and 
Surrey defeated the Scottish army at Dunbar, the castle being made over 
the next day to Edward. In May, Jedburgh and Roxburgh surrendered, 
and in June, Edward himself took Edinburgh castle ; Stirling, Perth, and 
Scone were given up without a contest. On July 2nd, so low had the 
fortunes of Baliol fallen, that he sent a letter dated from Kincardine to all 
concerned, acknowledging that through evil and false counsel and his own 
simpleness he had grievously provoked and offended his lord, King Edward. 
He admitted his various transgressions in making a treaty with France, the 
enemy of England, in contracting his son in marriage to the niece of the 
French king, in invading England, and in otherwise resisting Edward, and 
in his own full power and of his own freewill resigned to Edward the 
country of Scotland, its people and their homage.' The crisis came soon ; 
on the loth of the same month, at Brechin, acting on the counsel of John 
Coinyn, lord of Strathbolgi, Baliol resigned the kingdom to Antony Bek, 
bishop of Durham, acting on the part of Edward. Apparently on the 
same day, at Montrose, he handed to Edward a white wand in token that 
he gave up his fee into his hands, the usual feudal observance in such a case. 
Such was the end of John Baliol's short and ill-starred reign. It was 
commenced under conditions which gave but little promise of permanency. 

' Foedera, vol. ii. p. 707; Cal. of Doc. Relating to Scotland, ii. 167; from bundle in Tower Chapter 
House (Scots. Doc), box 2, No. 8. 

- ' Ha ! ce fol felon, tel folia feict ! S'il ne voult venir a nous nous viendrons a lui.' 
' Foedera, vol. ii. p. 718. 

Vol. VI, 9 


The distracted state of the country, with its many elements of disturbance, 
not alone in the rivalry of claimants to the throne which was not set at rest 
by Baliol's accession, but also in the jealousy and scheuiintr of the nobles and 
others in power, demanded a stronger and harder man than John Baliol to 
control and rule it. Nor were the difficulties made less bv the designs and 
intrigues of Edward to compass the design upon which he had set his heart. 

It was a melancholy end to hopes and ambitions which never had a fair 
prospect of being fulfilled, and the discrowned king musi often have looked 
back with sad regret to the days when he plaved, a schoolbov, on the green 
between the two great houses of the bishop and prior at Durham, or when 
he looked from the towering walls of Castle Barnard over the rich and 
pleasant valley, the ancient inheritance of his house, or when in the more 
peaceful retirement of Bywell he wandered by the woods and waters of 

Edward, after the submission of Baliol, continued his progress to Elgin, 
returning on August 22nd to Berwick, and bringing with him, among other 
national relics, the fatal stone from Scone which is now a part of the 
coronation chair at Westminster abbey. John Baliol and his son Edward 
were taken as prisoners to Hertford and afterwards to the Tower, where they 
remained until Julv 18th, 1299, when, bv the intervention of the pope and 
the king of France, John Baliol was released. He ultimately, after a short 
residence in his lordship of Galloway, which it seems was not forfeited, 
made his home at Bailleul-en-Vimeu or Helicourt, ancient inheritances of 
his house.' From Bailleul he made, on November 23rd, 1302, an appeal 'a 
tres excellent prince, nostre tres chier seigneur et bon ami et nostre 
esperance empr^s Dieu,' the king of France, asking Philip to aid him in 
their common grievances against the king of England.^ He was living 
March 4th, 1314, when, as 'Jehans par la grace de Dieu Roys d'Ecosse 
et Sire de Bailleul-en-Vimmeu,' he wrote a letter'' to all concerned, 
complaining of the trespasses and other injuries he and his men had suffered 
at the hands of the seneschals of Ponthieu in respect of his land at 

' In the wood of Bailleul-en-Vimeu large grass grown mounds and ditches exist on the site of 
the ancient residence of the Baliols ; at Helicourt the similar remains of a large castle, on the banks of 
the Bresle, represent the important fortress of a great estate, which, in addition to others, made the 
house of Baliol one of the most powerful in the district. 

= Rymer's Foeciera, Record Series (1816), vol. i. p. 946. 

' Bibl. Nut. Paris. Archives Nat. T 633, No. 5, Dom Grenier, No. 298, piece 99, fol. 114. 


Helicourt in Vimeu, a fief he held of Edward II. as Comte de Ponthieu. 
To the last he claimed the kingdom of Scotland, but he does not appear to 
have taken any active measures for its recovery. The time of his death 
and its place, as well as that of his burial, are uncertain, but he appears 
to have died in October or November, 1314." He married Isabel, daughter 
of John de Warren, earl of Surrey, before February 7th, 1 280-1, and left 
Edward heir to his estates in France, the others having been forfeited. . 

The memory of John Baliol has been so covered with obloquy in 
Scotland that an impression of his character has been created which scarcely 
does him justice. So far was this carried that when John Stewart, earl of 
Carrick, became king, his name was changed to Robert. His very mis- 
fortunes and want of success have been taken as proofs of his incompetence, 
nor perhaps is the inference drawn from them quite incorrect. The charge ol 
treachery against Scotland, if it can justly be made, must be shared with the 
other competitors to the throne and with the greater part of the magnates 
of the country, including the high ecclesiastics. He does not appear to have 
had the warlike qualifications of many of his ancestors, and the peaceful 
attributes he possessed were little likely to find favour with a rude, 
treacherous and cruel body such as were the Scottish nobles at that time. 
The charge of cowardice has been brought against him, but though he did 
not exhibit the qualities of bravery so strongly, though so differently, 
manifested in Bruce and Wallace, the popular heroes of the day, he showed 
no signs of want of spirit, and his final submission was only made when 
resistance would have been criminal and useless. It will not be an unjust 
estimate of him to say that by natural gifts and disposition he was but 
ill-fitted for the position he occupied, especially when the character and 
circumstances of the time are taken into consideration. It is possible that 
under other conditions he might have taken the same honourable place in 
history as was so well filled by his father before him. 

As king of Scotland John de Baliol had a great seal and a coinage. 
The seal is similar to that of his predecessor Alexander III., with a different 
legend. On one side the king is represented seated on his throne, on the 

' It has been stated, but without any authority, that John Bahol died, bUnd, at the well-known 
Chateau Gaillard. In L'Art de verifier les dates, vol. i. p. 844, the writer says that in the church of 
St. Waast (Vedast) at Bailleul-sur-Haune, in the department of .Seine Inferieure, there was a monument 
with an inscription to his memory. The monument no longer e.xists, but to judge from the coat of arms 
upon it, and the name Joanne, of the wife of the Bailleul in whose memory it was erected, it is certain it 
has no connection with the king of Scotland. 


Other as a knight, armed and mounted on horseback.' His coins consist of 
silver pennies and half-pennies. On the obverse is the crowned head of the 
king in profile, with the inscription, Iohannes dei gra. Reverse : a cross 
dividing the surface into four quarters, in each of which is a mullet. On 
the half-penny two quarters only have the mullet. In each coin the 
reverse has the inscription, rex scotorvm.^ 

His eldest son, Edward, succeeded him in 13 14, but apparently only to 
the fiefs in Normandy, and to a doubtful and undesirable inheritance of 
the heirship to the crown of Scotland. Edward Baliol had no connection 
with Northumberland, but the account of the family would be incomplete 
without some notice of the life of the last representative of the Bywell line 
of Baliol being included. 

He was not released from confinement at the same time as his father, 
but was kept at first in the custody of his grandfather John, earl of Warren, 
and after his death in that of his son. He was taken from his custody in 
1 3 10, and placed under the charge of Thomas and Edmund, the king's 
brothers. In 131 5, the year after his father's death, he was permitted to go 
to France, under a pledge to return if he was required to do so. He appears 
to have usually resided on his estates in Picardy, until he allowed 
himself to be made an instrument in the schemes of Edward II. and his son 
Edward III. to bring Scotland under the rule of the English crown. He 
was invited to England in 1324, and again in 1327, by Edward III. in 
furtherance of his designs, but it was not until after the death of Robert 
Bruce, in 1329, that serious steps were taken by Edward to make use 
of Baliol. He was brought to England in 1330, and, in 1332, he sailed 
from Ravenspur, on the coast of Holderness, in command of a small body of 
English troops, in company with many of the nobles who had been deprived 
of their estates in Scotland by Robert Bruce. He landed at Kinghorn, in 
Fife, August 6th, 1332, at a time when the death of Thomas Ranulph, earl of 
Moray, the regent of Scotland, made his chance of success more favourable. 
The regent had died on July 20th when advancing northwards at the head of 
an army to repel the invasion. For a time Edward Baliol was successful, 
totally defeating the Scottish army, under the command of Donald, earl of 
Mar, who was killed in the battle, on August 12th, at Dupplin. The next day 
Baliol occupied Perth, and, on the 24th of September, he was crowned king 

' Laing, Scottish Senls, vol. i. p. 6, Nos. 19, 20. - Burns' Coinage of Scotland, 1887, vol. iii. plates xvii. xviii. 

^ o l"^ %-' ^ 

^ § i 

o § o 
w S 




E u 
O p 



CO E- 

o ° g 

O o a. 

« g 




of Scotland, at Scone. This apparently prosperous state of affairs was not, 
however, to last for long, though on November 23rd he joined Edward III. 
at Roxburgh. He there bound himself to the English king, admitting his 
supremacy over Scotland, and agreed to hand over Berwick to him, and to 
marry the Princess Johanna. On December i6th he was completely 
defeated by Archibald Douglas at Annan, his brother Henry was killed, and 
he himself fled, ' one leg booted and the other naked,' beyond the border 
into England. In March of the succeeding year he returned to Scotland, 
and laid siege to Berwick, when Edward, having routed the Scots under 
Archibald Douglas on July 19th, 1333, at Halidon Hill, Berwick was 
surrendered. At a parliament held at Edinburgh in February, 1334, Baliol 
again bound himself to Edward, and Berwick was delivered over to England. 
Shortly after, at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, he alienated an extensive and rich 
tract of country in the south-east of Scotland, extending up to and including 
Edinburgh, constituting one of the fairest jewels in the Scottish crown, the 
ancient district of Lothian. But the loss of this important possession, severed 
from his kingdom, was exceeded a little later by the still greater loss of 
honour when he did homage to the English king for the kingdom of 

The differences which had broken out among the English barons, who 
had been of great service to Edward Baliol in his first campaign in 1332, 
revived the hopes of the adherents of David Bruce. Robert, the high 
steward of Scotland, afterwards king as Robert II., and John Ranulph, earl 
of Moray, were appointed regents. They attacked and took several castles 
and secured the allegiance of many of the nobles, including some of English 
descent. Meanwhile Baliol had retired into England to be again assisted by 
an English army headed by Edward III. in person. The severity of an early 
winter obliged them to retreat, but in July, 1335, Edward renewed the in- 
vasion of Scotland. For a time the two kings were successful, and at Perth, 
which, since the transfer of Edinburgh to England, had become the capital of 
Baliol's kingdom, they received the submission of many of the Scottish lords. 
This good fortune was not destined to continue, and, when the regents in 
1339 invested Perth, Baliol was ordered by Edward to hand over the place 
to Sir Thomas Ughtred and to retire into England. This was practically 
the end of Edward Baliol's reign in Scotland, of which, however, he was 
still nominally the king. He was appointed by Edward, lieutenant of the 


North, and in 1341 he defeated a raid made into England by David Bruce 
himself. Again in 1344 he repelled a similar invasion by David, but there is 
not any trustworthy authority for the report that he was present at the battle 
of Nevill's Cross, October igth, 1346, fought close to Durham, when David 
Bruce was taken prisoner. After the battle the English crossed the border, 
when Baliol was in command of a large army of English and of his own men 
of Galloway. He advanced as far as Glasgow, devastating the Lothians in 
his progress north, and Annandale as he returned. From this time but little 
is known of him or his doings until the hnal act of the drama of his life as 
king took place. On January 21st, 1356, at Roxburgh, he surrendered the 
entire kingdom of Scotland into the hands of Edward III., giving him seisin 
by the deliverance of a portion of the soil and his golden crown. Edward 
had already undertaken to give him in hand a sum of 5,000 marcs and an 
annual payment of ,2^2,000. 

Edward Baliol had no coinage. As king of Scotland he had a great 
seal, similar, except in the legend, to those of his predecessors.^ He had 
also a privy seal of good design and execution.* He outlived the loss 
of a kingdom, which had proved to be but an unstable and unhappy 
possession, for many years. It does not appear that, like his father, he lived 
upon any of the ancient possessions of his house in Picardv, one of the most 
important of which, the baronv of Helicourt, he granted to Edward III., 
king of England, by a deed dated May 27th, 1363, the seneschal of Ponthieu 
taking possession of it on June 6th of the same year. He died near 
Doncaster, it is said at Wheatley, in 1363, without issue. After his 
retirement he appears to have largely spent his time in following the 
chase, which he was able to enjoy through the goodwill of Edward, who 
gave him licence to sport in his forests, one of which, the great chace of 
Hatfield, lay almost at his door. He married Margaret, princess of 
Tarentum, who re-married Francis, duke of Andria. 

His career was an unsuccessful one, but he was not deficient in 
boldness and skill ; he fought with bravery and determination at Dupplin, 
and King Edward, who knew what a soldier should be, had a high opinion 
of his miUtary qualities. In the position in which he was placed, with 
obligations to the king of England, and a turbulent and divided people to 
govern, it was impossible for any one except a man equally endowed with 

' Laing, Scuttisli Seals, vol. i. p. 8, Nos. ^o, 31. ■ Ibid. No. 32. 


force and strength of character and will, and with the power of judicious 
management, to have steered a safe course among such troubled issues as 
then distracted Scotland. Edward Baliol did not possess these qualities. 
Like his father his disposition was amiable, one more suited to a quiet 
than to an active life, which attached his followers to him by personal 
kindness and consideration, but was unequal to control the unruly, crafty 
and savage people it was his misfortune to be called upon to rule. 
Though not wanting in bravery, he was not endowed with that form of 
courage which at the best can only be designated as brutal, nor was he 
unscrupulous or treacherous. 

Bywell having remained in the hands of the Crown since the seizure 
of John Baliol's English estates on the 25th December, 1293,' was 
granted in 1299 to Edward I.'s nephew, John of Brittany,^ 'the greatest 
subject in the kingdom of England,' in part satisfaction of the yearly fee 
of ;^ 1,000 which had been promised him.' The grant was confirmed 
on the loth November, 1306,'' and again in 1308-9.* John of Brittany 
received the king's pardon on the 8th October, 1305, for selling timber 
out of the Bywell woods, together with licence to sell ^200 thereof for 
debts incurred in the king's service." Alianor, widow of Alexander de 
Bailiol, and her second husband, Robert de Stutevill, being aggrieved 
by this licence, petitioned parliament to compel John of Brittany, who 
had become earl of Richmond, to pay her her thirds. . She also retained 
the salmon fishery of Bvwell and the acre of land which had been 
conveyed to her first husband and herself by Adam, son of Gilbert de 

' In 1296, he resigned 'his person, his dignity, his kingdom, and all his private estates.' See 
Svvinden, Yarmouth, p. 241. 

'^ John of Brittany, earl of Richmond, was second son of John de Dreux, first duke of Brittany, by his 
wife Beatrix, second daughter of King Henry III. The lady C>ray, daughter of John and Beatrix, was 
wife of Guy de C'hastiUon, earl of St. I'ol, whose daughtei and heiress, Mary, 'countess of St. Pol,' became 
third wife of Adomar de Valence, earl of Pembroke, who, being slain on the 27th June, 1323, left her, as 
it is stated, 'maid, wife, and widow' in one day. She survived him until March, 1377. .'Xgnes de 
Valence, the widow of Hugh de Baliol, mentioned in the text, was one of the sisters of Adomar de 

' E.xchequer Q. R. Memoranda, 27 and 28 Edw. I. m. 2 ; Cal. Doc. Kel. Scot. ii. 2S0; Cat. Pat. Rolls, 
27 Edw. I. p. 429. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 32 Edw. I. m. i, p. 470. ^ Cal. Rot. Chart. 2 Edw. II. pt. i. No. 44, p. 141. 

^ Cal. Pat. Rolls, 33 Edw. I. pt. ii. m. 12, p. 3S1. ' Rot. Pari. i. 199. 




Akms : Gules, an orle argent : John Ue Ballioll MS. L. 14 Coll. of Arms, 
circa 1240-1245, printed by NichoUs, 1829. The arms of the Picardy 
house of Bailleul-en-Vimeu was ermine, a shielil, gules. Cf. Belleval, p. 20. 

Guy de Baliol = 

*Hugh de Baliol, 
'sire de Bailleul-en- 
Vimeu ' in the de- 
partment of Som- 
me; living in 11 30, 
when he with his 
son Eustace sub- 
scribed the founda- 
tion charter of the 
abbey of Sery. 

*Guy de Baliol, obtained Bywell = Dionisia . . 
from William Rufus circa 
l°93 ! granted the churches 
of Gainford, Stokesley, and 
Stainton in the Street to St. 
Mary's Abbey, York ; for the 
souls of Dionisia his wife, 
Bernard his nephew (^nepos) 
etc. (^) ; living 11 12. 

Hawis, married William Bertram, baron of Mitford, and founder of the priory of Brinkburn., 

* Joscelin de Baliol : 

* Hawis 

Ingelram de Baliol 


* Eustace de Baliol = Agnes Percy. 

* Agnes married William Percy. 

''Ingelram de Baliol, died in 1299. 

I I 

Eustace de Bernard Baliol I., ' sire de Bailleul-en-Vimeu et Heli- : 

Baliol, liv- court,' 1138, a baron of the bishopric of Durham, 

ing I130,* founderof Bernard Castle; confirmed the grant made 

apparently by his uncle {avunculus') \o St. .Mary's Abbey (1132- 

dead be- Il6l){^); and with iheassentof his wife, hisfour sons, 

foreil3S.* and his daughter, granted in 1138 to the church of 

Cluny, the altars of Dompierre, Bailleul, Tour.<i, Er- 

court, Ramburelles, and Allenay (jf) ; gave lands at 

Newbiggin to Newminster (c) ; present at the battle 

of the Standard, Sept., 11 35, and was taken 

prisoner at Lincoln in 1142; died before 1167 ; 

named in the Durham Lilicr Vitac (a). 


her name 
and that of 
her hus- 
band are 
written in 
the Durham 
Liher Vitae 


Ralph Baliol, 
part of whose 
meadow, gar- 
den and or- 
chard [ ? at 
Dompierre ], 
his brother, 
Bernard, gave 
to the abbey 
of Cluny (^). 

Joscelin de Baliol, 
brother of Bernard 
for whose soul his 
nephew gave pas- 
turage in Teesdale 
to the abbot and 
convent of Rie- 
vaulx (d). 

Guy and Hugh, 
stated to be bro- 
thers of Bernard I. 

who, 1127- 
1 144, assented 
to his father's 
grant to the 
abbot and 
convent of 
I145-I153, to 
a similar grant 
to the Knights 
Templars ; 
named in the 
Durham /(//«/• 
Vitae (a). 

Guy Baliol, about 
1 152, confirmed 
his father's grant 
of the church of 
Gainford to the 
abbot and con- 
vent of St. 
and granted the 
mill of Ingleby 
to the abbot and 
conventof Whit- 
by (c); named in 
the Durham 

L^ber Vitae (a). 

Eustace Baliol, 
who assented 
to his father's 
grant to the 
abbot and 
convent of 
Cluny (f) ; 
named in the 
Durham //(5«>- 
Vttae (a). 

Bernard Baliol H., baron of 
the bishopric, lord of By- 
well and Barnard Castle; 
assented to his father's 
grants to Cluny {g), and 
confirmed his grant to the 
abbot and convent of St. 
Mary 's, York (Ji) ; granted 
a fishery on the Tees to 
the abbot and convent of 
Rievaul.x for the soul of 
his father, Bernard (</) ; 
died before 1 193 ; named 
in the Durham Liber 
Vitae (a). 

Agnes de 
(«'), "^ her 
name is 
written in 
the Dur- 
ham Liher 
Vttae («). 

to her 
grant to 

Hawise, whose 
name is writ- 
ten in the 
Durham Z?^^»- 
Vttae {a), for 
whose soul her 
brother, Ber- 
irardde Baliol, 
confirmed the 
churches of 
Ingleby and 
Kirk by to the 
abbot and 
convent of 
Whitby (c). 

*Hugh, married N. . . . daughter of 
Aldaume de Fontaines before 1210. 

living 1:12. 

living 1215. 

•Henry = *Laura de 
Baliol I Valoignes. 

*Enor married Hugh 
de Fontaines. 




Eustace Baliol, lord of Byvvell and Barnard Castle ; granted the church of Bywell = Petronell, widow of Robert 
St. Peter to the prior and convent of Durham ; confirmed the lands at fitz-Piers, to marry whom 

Newbiggin to the abbot and convent of Newminster (^) ; died area 1200; he fined to the king in 

named in the Durham /.i.'ifr Vttae (a). 1190. 

Hugh Baliol lord of Bywell and Barnard = Cecilia de Fon- 
Castle, confirmed, between I193-1205, the j taines, for whose 
advowson of Gainford, etc., to the abbey of 
St. Mary, at York (/;) ; adhered to King John, 
1212-1216 ; confirmed the churches of Ingleby 
and Kirkby to the abbot and convent of Whitby 
(c) ; died in 1228; named in the Durham 
Li/ier Vtlae («). 

soul her husband 
granted lands at 
Newsam to the 
abbot and con- 
vent of Rievaulx 

Ingelram Baliol, 
a witness to 
charters of his 
fatherand bro- 
ther, Hugh ; 
named in the 
Durham Lifiir 
Vitaf («). 

Bernard Baliol, a 
baron by tenure, 
1212-1245, a witness 
to his father's char- 
ters ; named in the 
Durham Liher Vitae 

in the 
/ iher 


John Baliol, lord of 
Bywell and Bar- 
nard Castle, dives 
It putens, 1228- 
1229, paid /150 
for his relief : 
founder of Baliol 
CoIUge, Oxon. ; 
died ciyca Oct. 
1268 ; buried at 
Sweetheart abbey 
in Galloway; /n/}. 
p.m. 53 Hen. 111. 
No. 43. 

I I I I I 

Devorguil, daughter Hugh Ingel- Bernard, priest Eustace Baliol, 

and ultimately sole Baliol, ram, 
heiress of Alan, lord lord of living 
of Galloway by his Heli- 1st 
second wife, Mar- court,* Oct., 
garet, dau. and (at living 1 270.* 
length) co-heir of 1282.* Josce- 
David.earlof Hun- line, 

tingdon, mar. 1233; living 

died at Kempston, 1255. 

Bedfordshire, on 
the Sunday after 
2Sth Jan., 1289/90 ; 
/nq.p.m.l?, Edw. I., 
No. 28. 

of Gainford,* i6th July, 

whoselandson 1270, had let- 

Naintstanthirl ters of protec- 

were, at the tion when 

Parliament at 
Stirling in 
1 293, given up 
to his nephew, 
John de Raliol, 
king of Scot- 
land (/), 

about to set 
out for the 
Holy Land 
with Ptince 
Edward; died 
1272 (/,). 

= Hawise, dan. 
and heir of 
Ralph Levyn- 
ton (0 ; also 
called the 

dau. of Ada, 
who was the 
wife of Wil- 
li im de Fur- 
nevai,and was 
23 years old in 


/luj. p.n 
No. 35. 

Ada, mar. John 
fitz Robert, 
lord of Wark- 
she carried 
Stokesley as a 
dowry ; she 
granted lands 
in Kirkby to 
(>); died at 
Stokesley 29th 
56 July.1251 ; J>:q. 
111., f.w. 35 Hen. 
in. No. 51(0. 

Hugh Baliol,= Agnes, daugh- Alan Alexander Baliol, = Eleanor de 

lord of Bywell 
and Barnard 
Castle, was 28 
years of age 
and upwards at 
the time of h s 
father's death; 
died 5./>., circa 
1271; the exe- 
cutors of his 
de Eure and 
Henry Spryng 
W; Inq.p.m., 
56 Hen. HI. 
No. 26. 

ter of William Baliol, 
de Valentia, died 
earl of Pern- s.p. 
broke, niece 
of Hen. III., 
and widow of 
Maurice Fitz- 
gerald ; she 
had assign- 
55 Hen. III. 
(i) ; she re- 
married |ohn 
de Avesnes, 
lord of Beau- 
mont, and d. 
circa 3 Ed. II. 

succeeded his 
brother, Hugh, 
as lord of By- 
well and Bar- 
nard Castle ; 
died s.p., 1278 ; 
hiq. p.m., 6 Ed. 
I. No. 5 ; his 
executors were 
his widow, 

Ralph de Co- 
tum, Hugh de 
Wodehall, and 
Hugh de Cor- 
bridge (Ji). 

who brought 
her husband 
in free mar- 
riage Mit- 
ford and Fel- 
ton, by the 
gift of Oueen 
Eleanor; she 
re - married 
Robert de 
and was liv- 
ing again a 
widow in 

John Baliol, who was educated 
at Durham School, succeeded 
his brother, Alexander, as 
lord of Bywell and Barnard 
Castle ; found heir to his 
mother, 1289/90, then age I 
40 (0 ; crowned king of 
Scotland at Scone, 30th Nov., 
1292 ; did homage in the 
castle at Newcastle for the 
crown of Scotland, 26lh Dec. 
following ; his English estates 
were seized 25th Dec, 1293 ; 
resigned the Scottish crown, 
loth July, 1296; was liv. at 
Bailleul, in Picardy, in 1302 ; 
died in exile, October, 1314. 

-Isabella, da- 
ughter of 
John, earl 
of Warren 
and Sur- 
rey ; mar- 
ried 1279 ; 
dead be- 
fore 23rd 
Oct., 1295. 

Edward Baliol, succeeded to his father's = Margaret, princess Henry Baliol, 

estates in Picardy; crowned king of Tarentum; re- slain at 

of Scotland at Scone, 24th September, married Francis, Annan, i6th 

1332 ; surrendered his crown and duke of Andria. Dec, 1332. 
realm, 20th Jan., 1355/6, and died at 
Wheatley, near Doncaster, in 1363. 

I I I I 
.Margaret, 'lady of Gillesland,' stated to 

have married Multon, died 5.^. 

Ada, I married William de Lindsay {;). ^ 
Cecily, married John de Burgh, grandson 

of Hubert, earl of Kent. 4, 
Mary, married John Comyn of Badenoch. 

f This pedigree of the main line of Baliol, omitting the cadets, is founded on the pedigree in Walhran Gaitiford, 
collated with the pedigree in Surtees' Durham, vol. iv. p. 59, and Mr. VV. H. D. Longstaffe's notices in Archaeologia 
Aeltana, vol. iii. new series, p. 74. The descents marked,* none of which materially affect the transmission of Bywell, 
are taken from a monograph, Jean de Bailleul roi d ' Kcosse el sire de Bailteul-en- Vimeu, par Rene de Belleval, Paris, 1 866. 

I Ada Baliol and her husband William de Lindsay, had a daughter. Christian, who became wife of Ingelram, sire de 
Coucy, and her right to represent the royal house of Scotland descended through the family of St. Pol, and that of 
Bourbon to the late Comte de Chambord. Cf. Burke Peerages Extinct and Dormant. 

(a) Durham Liber rz/air, pp. 98, 100, 103. (/) Rynier, Foed. vol. ii. p. 791. 

(b) Northumberland Assize Rolls, pp. 134, z62. {g) Cal. Doc. in prance, vol. i. p. 513. 

(h) Chartulary of St. Mary's, York, Walbran's Gir/w/onr' appendix. 
(0 Calend. Genealogictim, pp. 38, 138, I46, I47, 150, 157, 160, 226, 414, 772. 
(7') Guisbrough Chartulary, II. p. 300. 

(c) Whitby Chartulary, vol. i. pp. 54, 55, 297. 

(d) Rievaulx Chartulary, pp. 66, 67. 155, 221. 
(«) Newminster Chartulary, pp. 244, 245. 

Vol. VI. 




Although the baronv of Bvwcll, the manor of Woodhorn, aiul thr castle 
and honour of Richmond, seem to have been in the kind's liands between 
1325 and 1327,' the earl of Richmond, on the 5th May, 1331, obtained 
licence to grant the manor of Bywell to his niece, Mary de St. Pol, countess 
of Pembroke, to hold for the term of her life." Four years later, John de 
Insula of Woodburn, Gilbert de Halghtun and others were appointed 
commissioners to make a survey of the manors of Bvwell and Woodhorn, 
parcel of the possessions of John de Baliol, deceased, the reversion 
of which belonged to the king on the death of Mary, widow of Adomar 
de Valence, earl of Pembroke.' It was doubtless in obedience to this 
command that an inquisition was taken at Bywell on Tuesday, 3rd October, 
1335, when it was stated that the manor at Bywell had not been rebuilt 
since it was pillaged bv tiie Scots in the time of John of Hrittanv, late 
earl of Richmond. As to the waste and destructicMi of the woods and the 
banishment of the inhabitants, it was found, by the jury, that during the 
preceding sixty years between five and six thousand oaks had been felled 
and disposed of, but no man had been banished bv the lord or his ministers, 
' except through the war and by reason of the burning of the Scots.'* 

' Abb. Rot. Orig. 19 Edw. II. ro. 14; //'i./. 20 Edw. II. 10. 14. 

-' CliI. Piit. Rolls, 5 Edw. III. pt. i. m. I, p. 124. ' Ibid. 9 Edw. III. pt. ii. m. 32, p. 199. 

' Iiii]. ad quod ditm. 9 Edw. III. Nos. 4 and 5. The followiny is .m abstract of that part of the return 
to the writ which relates to the timber : — 


By whom l.iken. 
Henry Walays, mayor of Berwick... 

400 Thomas de Fetherstanhall ... 











' Divers men in the county.' 

Richard de Bcrnynyham, steward of the 

earl of Richmond. 
William and Roger Catelyn, John del 

Halles, John Godehale, Robt. Brenner. 
Thomas de Richemund, steward of the earl 

of Richmond. 
Thomas de Colvill, steward of the earl of 


' Divers trespassers ' who were amerced 
in the court at Bywell. 

Richard de Pontesale and .Xlcx. Los, col- 
lectors of the royal household. 

'The free tenants of the manor of Bywell.' 
The ministers of Mary, countess of 

For what purpose. 
For the repair of Berwick. 

To rebuild the peel of Staward. 

For expediting the lord's business. 
Sold to the lord's use. 

' I'ro carbonibus comburendis ad 

myneram ferri.' 
For the lord's business. 

For the lord's business. 

To repair the mill pond and mill 
of Bywell. 

'.■\t two approaches to Scotland.' 

For ' liusbote and haybote.' 

To repair the ' pera ' of Newe- 

bynginj;, the mill pond and mill 

of Bvwell. and houses. 

By authority. 

Command of 

Edw. 1. 
Command of 

Edw. II. 

Sold by the 
lord's bailiffs. 

King's letters 
under the 
Privy Seal. 

Burnt, with a certain adjacent moor, by 
Shanaldi, a North Tyndale fugitive. 

• ',By the greater huDdred.* 








The reversion of the baronv of Byvvell, expectant on the death of 
the countess of Pembroke, was, in 1 336, granted, in consideration of laudable 
service done to the king, to Ralph de Nevill, who until he should obtain 
possession of Bywell, was to enjoy the manor of Edenham, in Berwickshire.^ 
The Scots seem to have lain at Bywell before the battle of Nevill's Cross, in 
1346." The countess of Pembroke survived until 1376, when Sir John de 
Nevill obtained a confirmation of the grant.'' Bywell, which had been • 
plundered in 1347,' had not recovered its prosperity in 1388, when the manor 
was stated to be worth no more than' ^26 13s. 4d. a year beyond reprises, 
on account of the burning and destruction by the Scots.* 

Bywell Castle.* 

When Henry VI. escaped from the battlefield of Hexham on the 
8th May, 1464, he found temporary shelter ' how and whither God knows, in 
whose hand are the hearts of kings,' in the castle of Bywell, where his 
helmet, crown, and sword, and the trappings of his horse were subsequently 
found when the place was surrendered to John Nevill, Lord Montagu.' On 
the [6th November following, Montagu, having been created earl of 
Northumberland, obtained the tower of Bywell from his kinsman, 
Edward IV., together with many other places, ' a grant which seems to have 
been resumed some five years later. These seem to be the earliest notices of 
the gate tower of Bywell, which was, no doubt, built by Ralph Nevill," who 
succeeded his grandfather as second earl of Westmorland, in 1426. Its 

'Abb. Rot. Orig. lo Edw. IH. ro. 4. 

'' Le lendemain le Roy d' Escoce a bien quarante mille homes, qu'vns qu'autres, fen vint loger a trois 
petites lieues Angloiches pres du Neufcliastel-sur-Thiii, en la terre du Seigneur de Neufuille ; & 
maderent a ceux, qui estoiet dedas la ville du Neufchastel, que, fils vouloient issir hors, ils les cobatroient 
volonliers. Les Barons et Prelats d'Angleterre respondirent qu'ouy & qu'ils adentureroient leur 
vies, avec I'heritage de leur Seigneur le Roy Anglois. Froissart, vol. i. cap. cxxxviii. 

' Pelt. Roth, 51 Edw. IIL; cf. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection Bywell Guard Book. 

' . . . les enemys d'Escoce, eantz ferme propos a destruire le North, entrerent nadgiers les 
parties d'Engleterre a moun graunt poair, feisanz homicides, arsonns et autres damages molt en 

grossement Bywell et tut la paroche, qe nous avioms en propre oess, arderent issink 

qe nul profist n'avioms des dismes qe valoient plus qe C. mars ; Letter from the Prior 

and Convent of Durham to the Privy Council, written at Durham 19th May, 1347. Raine, Northern 
Registers, p. 390. * Iiiq. p.m. Sir John Nevill, 12 Ric. IL No. 40. 

° The account of Bywell castle, by Mr. Bates, is from Border Holds, vol. i. p. 372. 

' Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles, Camden Soc. Pub. 1880, p. 179; cf. Bates, Bonier Holds, 
vol. i. p. 21. " Cat. Pat. Rolls, 5 Edw. IV. pt. ii. m. 5, p. 484. 

' '1441, 2Sth November. Licence to the earl of Westmorland to grant to Richard Caudray, clerk, 
and others, his manors of Bywell, Bolbec, and Styford, which he holds of the king in chief ; also 
^90 6s. 8d. of rent, with the appurtenances in the town of Newcastle of the fee farm of the said town, 
the which, also, he holds of the king.' Welford, Nezceustlc and Gateshead, vol. i. p. 306. 



Situation IS singular ; 

it stood at tile extreme east end of tin- village, 
which formerly extended to a considerable distance to the west of the two 
churches, and vet it did not command the old bridge, which was still farther 
to the east again, almost half way between the castle and the modern bridge. 
No advantage, too, was taken of the rising ground immediatelv behind it. 
The idea seems to have been to merely enclose a large irregular-shaped 
barmkin with high walls for the purpose of protecting the flocks and herds of 
the villagers from cattle-lifters, and nearlv the whole architectural skill of the 
i)uilder was lavished on the gate-house. Dunstanburgh, Bothal, Tvnemouth, 

and Willimoteswyke are all of them strongholds 
in which the gate-house was made the dominant 
feature of fortification, but at none of thein 
does a castle consist in such a degree of a gate- 
tower and little more as at Bywell, and there is 
no reason to suppose that it was ever intended 
to be much otherwise. 

This noble gate-tower, the walls of which 
are standing almost intact, is a rectangle of 
about 59 feet long by 38 feet deep. It faces 
the Tyne, just sufficient space for a road 
intervening between the arch of the ivy-clad 
front and the steep bank of the river. The 
gate was protected by a portcullis, as may be 
seen from the groove, and also by the battle- 
ment over it being machicolated. The original 
oak gate still remains. It is in two halves, with 
a small door in the western. The roadway through the tower is 10 feet 
8 inches wide. Towards the inner end of the passage two doors, confronting 
each other, open into the large vaults that occupy the remainder of the 
basement. The western vault has a square closet in the south-west corner. 
On the west side of the passage, close to the jamb of the archway into the 
courtyard, is the door of the stair leading to the first floor. This ancient 
door, with its grated iron frame, is a good example of English workmanship, 
the uprights being all in front of the horizontals, rivetted and clasped 
alternately, and the spaces between the perpendicular bars being filled up 
with oak planks. The Scottish mode of construction, it is said, was to make 

Dywcll Caotlc 


the bars interpenetrate one another, and this is adduced to show the little 
intercourse that existed between the two sides of the border.' Other 
examples of the English make of grille are to be seen at Corbridge, 
Naworth, Dalston, and Burgh-on-the-Sands. 

The straight stair, behind the grille, ascends to a small square landing 
on the lirst floor. We enter a room 23 feet 2 inches broad from north to 
south, and 29 feet 1 1 inches in length to a partition on the west side, which 
may or may not be an insertion. There is a window of two cusped lights, 
unusually large, to the west of the fireplace, in the north wall. In the floor 
of the recess of this window the shaft of a niciirtiierc threatens the head of 
any enemy coming up the stair. A similar perpendicular window in the 
south wall, with a charming view over the river, has a smaller square-headed 
window on the right. In the south-west corner of the room is a garderobe, 
and in the centre of the west wall a hole has been broken into what mav 
have been intended for a window or a chimney. The inner room entered 
at the south end of the cross wall measures only 17 feet 6 inches from east 
to west. There are a square-headed slit and a fireplace in the north wall, 
while a perpendicular window of two lights overlooks the Tyne, and there 
was once no doubt a window in the centre of the east wall. Both the 
eastern angles are provided with closets. The height of this storey from the 
original floor level to the plain chamfered string-course running along the 
north and south walls was 13 feet 6 inches. 

The stair is continued by a narrow newel to the second floor. This 
was undoubtedly occupied by a single room nearly 50 feet long, with a 
Perpendicular window at the west end of the north wall, then a fireplace, 
the head formed of two converging stones, then another window, and at the 
east end a fireplace with a roughly-shouldered head of one stone. The 
south wall has windows at both ends, and there are square-headed windows 
in the centre of the east and west walls. The north-east and south-west 
angles contain square closets. 

Instead of ending in the usual umbrella vault, the newel stair is carried 
up past the roof level in rude steps that come to an abrupt termination 
against the flat stone that covers in the turret. This and the other three 
square turrets at each corner of the building are cleverly converted into 

' See a paper on the 'Iron-Grated Doors of Castles ' by Dr. David Chrisfison in tlie Proceedings of 
the Scottish Society of Antiquaries, 1S82-83, p. gS, and a paper on ' By well' by the Rev. B. E. Dwarris, in 
Arch. Ael. xi. p. 17. 


The parish of hywei.i, st. teter. 

octagons by having tlieir battlements supported on Ions; stones overhanging 
the angles. Thev are approached by straight external stairs resting on the 
east and west main walls respectively, the battlements of which are carried 
to a great height in order to screen the stairs. The flat roofs of the turrets 
are all pierced by iiicurtricres on the three sides facing the field. The main 
building has had a flat-pitched roof. The battlements of the south and east 
sides are complete. Machicolations project over both the outer and inner 
gateways. The embrasures are placed at 3 feet 6 inches above the walk, 
and are 2 feet broad by 2 feet 8 inches deep. Both these and the merlons 
are moulded externally at the top. There is a chimney shaft in the 
thickness of the west wall. A considerable piece of the curtain wall, with 
two slits in it, is still left between the gate tower and the modern house to 
the east, the cellar of which, vaulted from north to south, was the basement 
of the old gun house. 

The following descent of the familv of Nevill will illustrate the trans- 
mission of the barony of Bywell from the year 1376 to 1569. 


Arms : — Gules a saltire argent. 

Ralph de Nevii.l, lord of Raby ; 

obtained the grant of the reversion of barony 
of Hyweil after the death of Mary, countess 
of Pembroke ; died 5th .August, 1367 ; buried 
Durham Cathedral; Inq. p.m. 41 Edw. III. 
No. 47. 

1336 ^ Alice, daughter of Sir Hugh 

de .Dudley, and widow of 
Ralph, baron Greystoke, 
died I3lh January, i37f ; 
Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. III., pt 
2, first numbers, No. 20. 

Maud, daughter of 
of Henry, Lord 
Percy ; married 
circa 1362 ; died 
1374 ; buried in 
Durham abbey. 

John de Nevill, lord of Raby, = Elizabeth, 
knight of the Garter; was 26 years I daughter 
at his father's death ; died at New- | and heir 
castle, 17th Oct., I 38S; bur. in I)ur- ^ of William, 
ham abbey ; will dated 31st .Aug., Lord 

1386; Inq. fi.m.y 12 Ric. II ,No.40. Latimer. 

Margaret, dau. 
of Hugh, earl 
of Stafford ; 
died 9th June, 
1370 ; buried 

Ralph de Nevill of Raby, knight of the Garter ; 
was 24 years of age, 12 Ric. II. ; created 
earl of Westmorland in 1398 ; served at the 
battle of Agincourt ; died 2ist October, 1425; 
buried Staindrop ; Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. VI.. 
No. 37 ; will dated 18th October, 1424. 

:=: Joan Plantagenet, daughter of John, 

duke of Lancaster, and widow 

! of Sir Robert Ferrers ; died 

^ 1440 ; buried at Lincoln ; 

named in the Durham Liber 

li/ae (p. 122). 

I I 

Sir John Nevill, son and heir, died in 1423, in his 
father's lifetime ; buried in church of Grey Friars, 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent; 
marriage licence 2gth August, 1394 (') ; 'J'^d 1422; 
named in the Durham Li//er Vilae, p. 122. 

I I 1 





Elizabeth, daughter of Henry = Ralph Nevill, 2nd = Margaret, daughter 

Percy (Hotspur), widow of 
John, Lord Clifford ; con- 
tracted at Roch abbey, 
7th May, 1426 ; dispensa- 
tion issued from Rome, 
30th Aug. of same year. 

earl of Westmor- 
land ; was 20 yrs. 
of age, 4 Hen. VI. 
died 3rd Nov, 
1484; Inq. p.m. 2 
Ric. HI., No. 14. 

of Reginald, Lord 
Cobham ; buried 
at Doncaster, 

Sir John Nevill 
knt.; 30 years 
of age, 29 
Henry VI. ; 
slain at Tow- 
ton, in 1461, 

An only daughter who 
died young. 

Anne Holland, dau. 
of John, duke of 
Exeter, and 
widow of John, 
Lord Nevill. 


John, Lord Nevill, only son, was = Anne, daughter of 
slain at St. Albans, 1451 ; in his John Holland, duke 

father's lifetime ; will proved 30th of Exeter ; she re- 

March, 1451; 'to be buried in the married her hus- 

abbey of Haute Emprise,' co. band's uncle. 


Ralph Nevill, 3rd earl of 
Westmorland ; was 28 
years of age, 2 Ric. III.; 
died 6th February, 1495 ; 
liiq. p.m. 4 Hen. VIII., 
No. 40. 

Matilda, daughter 
of Sir Roger 
Booth of Barton, 
CO. Lane, knight. 

Ralph, Lord Nevill, died in his father's lifetime; 
buried at Brancepeth. 

Edith, daughter of Sir William Sandys of the Vine ; re-married 
Thomas, Lord Darcy, of the North. 

Ralph Nevill, 4th earl of Westmorland, K.G., grandson and = Catherine, daughter of Edward Stafford, duke of 

heir, was two years of age at his grandfather's death ; 
died 24th April, 1549 ; Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. VI. No. 68 

Buckingham ; died May, 
Leonard's, Shoreditch. 

1553 ; buried at St. 

Anne, daughter = Henry Nevill, 5th earl of Westmorland, K.G., was 
of Thomas 26 years of age at his father's death ; died at 

Manners, earl Keldholme, Yorks., loth February, 1564; 

of Rutland, buried Staindrop, near his second wife, 

first wife. Jane ; will dated l8th August, 1563 (c) ; proved 

1564 ; Inq. p.m.., 6 Eliz., No. 51. 

: Jane, dau. of Sir 
Richard Cholmon- 
deley, and widow 
of Sir Henry Gas- 
cuigne, knight, 
second wife. 

Margaret, dau. of Sir 
Richard Cholmon- 
deley (and sister 
of Jane), died 2nd 
April, 1570 ((/), 
third wife. 

1 I I 

Charles Nevill, 6th and ■. 
last earl of Westmor- 
land, was 21 years of 
age, 1564; attainted 
13 Eliz. ; died at New- 
port in Flanders, l6th 
Nov., 1601, after 30 
years of exile ^h). 

'Ill I .1. 

Jane, daughter of Eleanor, Catherine, 

Henry Howard, earl mar. Sir mar. John 

of Surrey, and sister William Constable 

of the duke of Pelham, of Kirby. 

Norfolk ; buried at of New- 

Kenninghall, Nor- sted, 

folk, 30th June, co. Line. 

1593 (''')■ ^^ 

I I 

Mary, to whom Adelina Nevill of Will- 

her father, by ington, co. Pal. ; to 

his will, gave whom her father, by 

1000 marks his will, gave 1000 

and £20 per marks and £20 per 

ann. (f) ; died annum(c) ; willdated 

circa 1571 (r;). 22nd March, 1612/3, 
pr. 3rd April, 1613. 

.... Lord Nevill, 
son and heir, 
died 1571.1 

I I I 




Catherine, married Sir Eleanor, 

Thomas Grey of Chilling- died 

ham (/'), at the manor- unmar. 

house of Butterby, 7th before 

Nov., 15S4 ; died s.p. 1604 (ii). 

Margaret, married Nicholas 
Pudsey of Barforth, and 
enjoyed a pension from 
Elizabeth and James I. 

Anne, married 
David Ingleby 
of Ripley (h). 

* The above sketch of the lords of the baronies of Bywell and Bolbec, of the house of Nevill, is taken from Surtees 
Dur/iam, vol. iv. p. 160, with some details added from (a) Cal. Stale Papers Dom., 1547-1580, p. 410 ; ((i) Sharp's 
Memorials 0/ the Rehellion, pp. 289-316; and (c) P.R.O. Exchequer Decrees and Orders, Series i. book 4, p. 285 ; and 
((/) Swallow De Nova Villa, pp. 55, 124, 137 ; (.-) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6637. 

X Bishop Pilkington, writing to Lord Burghley on the 23rd April, 1571, says that intelligence had been brought by 
William Lee, the chief man of the late earl of Westmorland, of the deaths of the earl's eldest son, Lord Nevill, and of 
Lady Mary Nevill, the earl's sister. Cal. State Papers Dom., 1547-1580, p. 410. 


The steps which liad been taken bv Elizabeth to promote the cause of 
the reformed religion had not been welcomed in the north of England, 
where the jieople still clung to the old faith, and amongst its adherent.s 
were the two great northern nobles, Thomas, earl of Nortluunheiland, and 
Charles, earl of Westmorland. 

Thev were known to be in sympathy with Marv, queen of Scotland, who 
had fled into England in 1568, and with her suitor, the duke of Norfolk, and, in 
the course of the hitter's examination after his arrest and imprisonment in the 
Tower, it transpired that thev had been in correspondence with his 
supporters in Spain. Elizabeth thereupon wrote to the earl of Susse.x, who 
was president of the Council of the North, at York, forwarding through him 
a summons to the two earls, requiring their immediate attendance at her 
court in London. Thev were afraid to obev the summons and refused to do 
so. The earl of Northumberland, who then lay at Topclifte, fled, on a false 
alarm of his intended arrest by Susse.x, to the earl of Westmorland who was 
at "Brancepeth, and the two earls w-ere joined there by their retainers, 
including three score horsemen out of Bywell lordship, and by many of the 
northern gentry who were attached to the Catholic religion and favoured the 
claims of the queen of Scots. 

At Brancepeth, after much debate amongst those who were so 
assembled, it was determined to proceed with the cause which they had at 
heart. That cause, according to an early proclamation of the rebels, was 
'to restore the ancient customs and liberties of God's church,' but in a later 
reply to a counter proclamation issued by Susse.x, they stated that their 
object Avas to determine ' to whom of meare right the true succession of the 
crown apperteyneth.' 

On the 15th of November, the earls with their forces marched to 
Durham, where they overthrew the communion board in the cathedral, 
replaced its ancient altar stone and caused mass to be celebrated. To a 
messenger from Sussex, who reached them there, they replied that their 
lives were in danger and that they were prepared to lose them in the field. 

From Durham thev marched southward, leaving a garrison at 
Hartlepool to receive the support which they hoped would reach them 
at that port from Philip of Spain. Their intention was to go to Tutbury 
to release the queen of Scots (whom Elizabeth promptly removed to 
Coventry), and then, either to advance on London, or to wait for a 


movement in their favour from the south. Thev were joined bv large 
numbers of horsemen and men on foot from Yorkshire, and Tvnedale and 
Redesdale, but the help which they expected from the south never came. 
They had no monev or means with which to feed their forces. Behind 
them troops were being raised on Elizabeth's behalf in Northumberland 
by Sir John Forster, in Durham county bv Sir George Bowes, and at York 
by the earl of Sussex, whilst in front an army was assembling to march 
against them under Lords Clinton, Warwick, and Hereford. 

The earls were compelled therefore to turn back from Wetherbv. 
They successfullv besieged Barnard Castle, and having waited there in vain 
for help from Lord Dacre of Naworth, thev again felt the presence of their 
advancing foes so stronglv that they disbanded their foot soldiers at Durham, 
and fled with their horsemen first to Hexham, then to Naworth, and then 
across the border into Scotland. 

The earl of Northumberland was there betraved bv Hector Armstronsj 
to the regent Murray, who delivered him up for ^"2,000 to Elizabeth, and he 
was ultimately beheaded ; but the earl of Westmorland found refuge in the 
house of Sir Thomas Ker, at Fernihurst, and escaped to Flanders, where he 
was pensioned by Philip of Spain, and he died there without male issue 
in 1601. 

The two earls and their leading followers were attainted, and their 
estates were forfeited to the Crown — the Percy estates were given to Sir 
Henry Percy, Northumberland's brother, who had remained loyal, and were 
so preserved to that family, but the Neville estates remained vested in the 
Crown, and were from time to time bestowed in parcels by Elizabeth or her 
successors on various grantees, through whom the present proprietors of 
these estates still derive their respective titles. 

Severe punishment was inflicted on the commoner people who had 
joined in the rebellion. Manv hundreds of them were put to death. 
' Besides the exequution don in the greate townes,' writes the earl of Sussex 
to Cecil, ' ther shal be no towne where any men went owt of the towne to 
serve the earles, and continued after the pardon proclaymed, but one man or 
more, as the bignes of the towne is, shall be exequuted for example, in the 
principal place of that towne.' ' Records remain of the names or the 
numbers of the victims hanged by Bowes and Sussex in Durham county and 

' Hari. MS. No. 6991, cited in Sharp's History 0/ the Rebellion, p. 134. 
Vol. VI. II 


in Yorkshire, but all we know oi' those in Northumberland (beyond the lew 
names mentioned in the proceedings for attainder) is contained in a report 
to Lord Huntingdon from vSir George Bowes, who there states that, ' the 
execution in Bywell lordship, Examshire and Northumberland, which was 
a parcel hereof, was appointed to Sir John Foster, then lord warden, and 
not delt in by me ; neither came there any certificate into my hands, for 
all things was lapt up in haste.' 

Thus ended in calamity and suffering the last great struggle by feudal 
lords in England, and the last great attempt to restore the Catholic religion 
by force of arms. Time, which had left to its two leaders their illustrious 
names, their high traditions, and their vast estates, had robbed them of the 
powers which their ancestors had possessed, and had brought them face to 
face with a united England, so strong in its desire for internal peace, so 
ambitious to fill the new fields which had been opened for commerce at 
home and for daring enterprise abroad, that it willingly sacrificed anv 
lingering sentiment for the religion of the past, in order to crush a movement 
which threatened to bring the country under a foreign yoke and make it 
the spoil of strangers. 

At the time of the rising of the north the baronies of Baliol and 
Bolbec, and perhaps other of the earl of Westmorland's northern estates, 
were administered by John Swinburne, of Chopwell, ' a man of daring and 
active character,' who became a principal leader in the rebellion, on the 
failure of which he fled first to Fernihurst in Scotland, and from thence into 
Flanders, where he became a pensioner of the court of Spain ; his lands in 
Corbridge, Newton, Apperly, Emley, Slaley, Uukesfield, and Black Hedley 
became forfeited to the Crown.' 

A survey of the baronies of Baliol and Bolbec which had escheated to 
the Crown on the attainder'' of the earl of Westmorland was made on the 
31st May, 1570, by Hall and Homberston, the royal commissioners.' 

The view and surveie of the baronyes of Bywell and Bulbeck wyth all the manours, landes, 
tenements, graunges, forestes, chaces, and other heredytanientes, to the said baronyes apperteyning and 
belongyng, made the last of Maye in the xii"' yere of the reigne of our bovereygne lady Elizabeth by 
the grace of God of England, Fraunce, and Ireland Quene, Defendour of the Faythe, &c. 

' John Swinburn, of Chopwell, had a grant of arms from William Harvty, Norroy, 6 Sept. 155 1. 
Cf. Surtees Durham, vol. i. p. Ixxvi. ; vol. ii. pp. 276-278. 

- Statutes of the Realm, 13 Eliz. cap. xvi., 'An Acte for the confirmation of th' attaynders of Charles, 
erle of Westnierlande, Thomas, erle of Northumberland, and others.' 

^ Hall and Hombcrston's Survey, Pub. Rec. Office, vol. i. p. 365. 


Bywell and Bulbeck are two auncyent baronyes and are seytuat in th'extreme south parte of 
Northumbeiland betwene the ryvers of Tyne and Darwent and albeyt they be joyned and mixed 
togethers yet are the rentes and teanauntes severed and knowen th'one from the others, and to the 
barony of Bywell belongyth a forest of red dare, well replenyshed with game, which extendyth also into 
the barony of Bulbeck, and the said two baronyes or lordshippes are thus abbuttaled ; that is to say, 
the lordship of Hexam on the west and the lordshippes of Prodo and Chepwell on th'est, the ryver of 
Tyne for the most parte on the north and the ryver of Darw< nt on the south, and conteynyth in compas 
twenty two myles, that is to say, in lengthe from th'est to the west syx myles and in bredyth from the 
ryver of Tyne to the ryver of Darwent fyve myles, within which two baronyes are many gentlemen and 
freholders which hold their landes of the sayd baronyes by severall services, and are alweyes attendaunt- 
upon the lordes of the sayd baronies in tyme of servyce when they shal'be therunto commaunded, and 
the ferme and tenementes in the sayd baronyes are well planted with coppies woodes, for the 
preservacion of the redd deere, and in the wastes also are dy verse woodes and very fayre courcying with 
grey houndes, wherof one wood is called Highley wood growing dyspersed one mile and a half from the 
towne of Bywell towardes the west, planted with okes and parte old byrches of iiii^'^ and c yeres growyng, 
conteynyth c acres. One other wood called Baylyf wood on the south parte of the towne of Bywell 
and well sett with byiches of fyftie and threscore yeres growith, dyspersed in dyvers partes, conteynyth 
iiii"" acres, and one other wood called Through-deane in Estwood which was a large wood conteynyng 
by estimacion cxl acres, and was all old byrche and fallen aboute xxx yeres past, and never mclosed, by 
reason wherof the spryng was utterly destroyed, yet are ther byrche spronge up ageyn of the veary 
nature of the soyle in greate plentye so as in proces of tyme ther wilbe a woode of byrche ageyn. 

The towne of Bywell ys buylded in lengthe all in one streete upon the ryver or water of Tyne, on the 
northe and west parte of the same and ys devyded into two severall parysshes and inhabyted with handy 
craftesmen whose trade is all in yron worke for the horsemen and borderers of that countrey as in 
makyng byttes, styroppes, buckles, and suche othere, wherin they are very experte and conyng, and are 
subject to the incursions of the theaves of Tyndale, and compelled wynter and somer to bryng all their 
cattell and sheepe into the strete in the night season and watche both endes of the strete and, when th' 
enemy approchith, to raise hue and cry wherupon all the toune preparith for rescue of there goodes 
which is very populous by reason of their trade, and stoute and hardy by contynuall practyse ageynst th' 

' The order of the watch in the lordship of Bywell in the year 1552 was as follows : 

The watch at the rack of lielden to be watched nightly with two men of the town of Newbygyn, 
Kirksyde, Cowbrye, Wynsheleye, Croukley (Cronkley), Byrkynsyde and Blake Heydleye. 

The watch at Langley racke to be watched nightly with two men of Unthank, Genelshawghe, 
Browntshellhaughe, Doromfield, Crokayke (Crooked-oak), Snodspolerawe and the Burne-mylne. 

The watch at Newbrigrake to be watched with two men nightly, of the inhabitants of Newlands, 
Fatherleyes, Farle, Waskerleye, Wenhaull (Winnoshill) Panysheles, Shotlayfield, Shotley-brigg ; setters 
of these three watches or passages, George .'\rmestrong and Athony Ledelle ; overseers, Thoinas 
Elrington, Anthony Ratclyft'and Anthony Carnebye. 

The watch at Aperly ford to be watched with two men nightly, of the inhabitants of Sheley 
(Slaley), Dukesfiekl-haull, and the .Stele-haull. 

The walch at Byersunk to be watched with two men nightly of the inhabitants of Helley, WoUer, 
(Wolley) Anhenton, .Staull (Steel) Colepyttes ; setters and searchers of these two passages, Robert Hurd 
and William Carr of the west end of Slekeye (Slaley). 

The watch at Shelford to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Ley, Ryding and 

The watch at Smart-rake to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Milk' (Mickley), 
Bromehaugh, JShelforthe, Menstrakers and the Botehouse ; setters and searchers, William Heron and 
Harry Armstrong ; overseers, Richard .Swynburn and John Hurde. 

The watch at Lynel ford to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Heydley, Rydley, 
.Stokfield-haull, Eltiingham, Malesheles, .Mailecote-waules, Shele-haull and the common. 

The watch at Sheysters to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of the township of 

The watch of Little Shelden to be watched nightly of the inhabitants of Berle and Newtone. 

The watch at Matfen-waies to be watched nightly with two men of the inhabitants of Styford, Newton, 
Newton-hall and Acum ; setters, Hugh Brown and Richard Harrison ; overseers, Thomas Swinburn 
and Edwarde Lawsone, Nicolson, Bonier Laws (ed. 1747}, p. 169. 


To the barony of Bywell belongith the fysshing of sahnon of the water of Tyne in lengthe thre myles 
which is a great coniodite, and great plenty of sahnon taken, and a danine or bay over the ryvcr inade 
very strong of late yeres for preservacion of the said fishing. 

Also in Bywell toune on the north syde of the 1 yver of Tyne th' auncestours of th' erle of Westmorland 
buylded a faire towre or gate house all of stone and covered with leade, nieanyng to have procedcd further, 
as the foundacions declare heyng the heyght of a man above the ground, which were never fynyshed and 
the said towre is a good defence for the towne and will sone decay yf yt be not mayntened. 

The barony of Bywell extendyth into the townes and hamlettes of Bywell Saynt Peter, Bywell Saint 
Andrew, Aeon, Newton, Ovyngton, Mekeley, Bromley, Newlandes, Rydley Nova, Styfford, Spyryden, 
and Cyssynhope ; and the barony of Bulbeck extendith unto the townes and hamlettes of Broomehaugh, 
Ryddyng in le Lye, Shotley, Slaylye, and Mynstreacres, all which townes and ham'ettes are very well 
inhabyted with men of good servyce and have very good fermes and hable to kepe much cattell, and yet 
plenty of come and hay, were yt not for the contynuall robryes and encursions of the theves of Tvndall 
whiche so contynually assalt them in the nyght as they can kepe no mo cattell then they are hable to 
lodge eyther in house or like savety in the nyghtes, and all the tenauntcs hold their landes by indenture 
for terme of yeres which are verj' fynable when their leases are expyred. 

The lord of the sayd baronyes hath the leete within all the lymyttes of the same and all weyfes, 
estreyes, felons goodes, amercyamentes, and all other royalties, casualties, and profittes rysyng or 
growyng by reason of the leete. 

Sir John Forster was appointed bailiff and receiver of the issues of the 
barony of Bywell and the lordship of Bolbec by letters patent, 12th July, 
1 57 1, at the yearly fee of £6 7s. during the queen's pleasure.' 

At the muster of the Middle Marches, taken on the Mootlaw, 26th 
March, 1580, loi men presented themselves from Bvwell lordship," and at 
a similar muster taken at Stagshaw-bank on the 24th November, 1595, 
before William Fenwick and otht-r commissioners, out of 76 light horsemen 
contributed bv Bvwell and Bulbec, no less than 74 had their horses 
disallowed ; 83 others v/ho should have been present were absent.' Lord 
Eure petitioned the queen for the removal of ' one Carnaby,' who at this 
time was bailiff or deputy bailiff of Bywell, alleging that he and other 
petty officers were 'infected with combination or toleration of theeves,''' 
and on the 26th December of the same year Eure wrote to Burghley 
that Sir John Forster, who was bailiff of Bywell bv the queen's grant, 
would not let him have corn, hay, or straw for ' anie monev ' for his 
necessary provision.' Two years later Eure removed William Shafto, in 
consequence of his evil behaviour, from his office as deputy to Sir John 
Forster, and, with the latter's consent, appointed Cuthbert Katclyffe, a 
'true gentleman for theft, or favouringe of theft. '' 

In a comprehensive survev made by Bartholomew Haggatt and George 
Warde in 1608, under an order of the Court of Exchequer, the two 

' Cal. Border Papers, Bain, vol. ii. p. 55. " Ibni. vol. i. p. 21. '' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 73. 

* Ibid. vol. li. pp. 56, 58. ' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 90. " Ibid. vol. ii. p. 330. 











( ) 


















lordships of Baliol and Bolbec, for the purpose of the survey, were treated 
as one baronv. The barony ' consisteth of these partes, viz., Biwell 
bayliwicke, Newton greaveship, Acombe greavshipp, Ovington mannor, 
Shotley greavship, Slalev greavship, Newbiggin greavship, Ridley greavship, 
Mickley greavship, Stiforde greavship, Bromley greavship, Ridinge Leigh 
greavship, Bromhaugh greavship." 

Freehoulders that doe Suit and Service within the Baronie of 
biwei.l and buli'.ecke, 160s. 

John Lawsoii, of Bywell, Nicholas Earle, of Bywell, and Wilham Foster, of Bywell ; Michael Walton, 
for Newton, John Harrisson and Thomas Wilkenson, of Neuton ; Cuthberte Heron, for Stelling- ; 
Marmaduke Fenwicke, of Offington, and all the reste of the inhabitants ther; Gilberte Newton, for 
Stockesfield, Merresheeles and Hcaley (?) ; John Jobelinge, of Mickley, Stephen Thompson, of 
Mickley, Arthur Lumbley, of Mickley, Roger Newton, of Mickley, Rowland Newton, of Mickley ; 
Cuthbert Newton, of New Ridley, George Boutflower, for Hendley, Henry Robson ; Thomas Newton, 
for Bromley, Thomas Augood, of Bromley ; John Lawson, for Heley, William Backster, for Faderley ; 
Richard Newton, of Eltringham ; Richard Teasdale, of Slaley, John Fairebecke, of Slaley ; Henry 
Robson, of Hindley; Thomas Middleton, for the HoUrawe; John Hall, of Wasckerle ; Thomas Maire, 
of Panchells ; Gawine Redshaw, of the Snodes, John Wilkinson, of Linges Loninge, Nicholas tlopper, 
of [Black] Hedley; Cuthberte Richeson, of the Comon Crewke ; George Wilkinson, of Berkenside ; 
all these are freeholders that owe suit and service. 

The whole barronie of Biwell, with divers neighboringe townes, pay by auncient custome unto the 
castle of Bywell' for wardinge and cornage yeerely the sum of £() 7s. 2d., viz., the priorie of 
Hexham, 13s. 4d.; the towneshippes of Harnham and Shortflatt, 41s.; Riall, 17s. 3d.;' 7d.; 
Halliwell, 4s. 8d. ; Hurste, i5d. ; Lynmouth, 5s.; Seaton, 12s.; Ellington, 7^d. ; Cresswell, 7^d. ; 
Woodhorne, I5d. ; Bitchfield, 7s. ild. ; Gonerton, 5s. lod. ; Bearle, 25s.; Newton-hall, 4s. 7d. ; 
George Lawson, for Bywell, 13s. 4d. ; Acombe, I5d. ; Ridley and Hindley, 6s. 8d. ; Slalye, los. ; 
Ovington, Ijd. ; Eltringham, 1 5d. ; Mickley, ijd. ; Bromley, I5d. ; Bromehaugh and Leigh, I4d. ; 
which money is yeerlye paide unto the hands of the sherifFe of Northumberland, but whether he 
accompteth for the same or no wee cannot certifie.^ 

The following persons were presented as ' wasters and spoylers ' of the 
king's woods at Bvwell : Sir William Bowes, knight,'^ had felled 80 acres 
of oak and birchwood, the value of which amounted to ^,'100 'at least' ; 
George Dawson, farmer of the mills and fishery had felled 124 oaks, and 
' made the tenantes bringe them from the wood down to the damme bv 

' Land Revenue OfBce Surveys, vol. xlii. p. 43. 

" As to Bywell vicontell rents, see Exch. Deposit, 42'"' Report uf Deputy Keeper of Public Records, 
app. p. 298. 

' l6s. 3d. in Survey of 1570. ' Land Revenue Office Surveys, vol. xlii. p. 43. 

^ A lease of certain woods, called the Baliff wood, 17 acres, Heyley and Streete (?) woods, 60 acres, 
and Tysden wood, 5 acres, all in the chase or manor of Bywell, was granted, nth April, 1597, to 
Pulford and Biggs for the term of 21 years. The lessees assigned their lease to Sir William Bowes, 
knight, against whom 300 persons of the queen's tenants within the lordship exhibited a petition that he 
had hindered tliem ' from their rightful hedgebote, plowebote, waynebote, and firebote,' and that he 
had cut down ' timber trees, oak saplings and staddles' leserved to the queen. Exchequer Decrees and 
Orders, series i. book 28, p. 338. Exchequer Special Commissions, 14 James L No. 4363. 


compulsion ' ; Gerard Heron had felled 32 timber trees ; Robert and 
George Bowes, gents., had felled in the woods at l^lack Hedlev as nuich 
oak wood and birchwood as was worth ^^"40 and upwards, the former had 
also felled other timber 10 the value of ^6 13s. 4d.; Henry Foster 'under 
coloure of repairinge his house' had felled 12 timber trees 'but hee sold 
6 of them awav.' The surveyors conclude their report with the following 
observations : 

'There is standinge at the easle end of the toune of Bywell, upon the north side of the river of 
Tyne the walles of a faire large and highe tower, but the lead all taken away within these .xvi yeeres by 
one Anthony Felton, gent., by what warrant we knowe not. .A.nd since the takinge away of the sayd 
leade the tymber is all rotten and most of it fallen to the ground. -Soe as at this present ther is noe 
parte of it habitable or fitte either to keepe his majesiie's courlt-leetes in for the whole niannor, or for any 
other service. 

Item. There is reasonable good store of underwoode within the sayd mannor of which his majestic 
might make some yeerly benefitt but hath none at this present. .'Mso ther is in some parte of the mannor 
divers small tymber trees of oake and saplinges that in shorte tyme would proove good tymber if they be 
suffered to stand. But it appeareth unto us that greate wastes have been committed even of late yeeres 
under coloure of repairinge a damme or weire for upholdmge the mills and fishinges at Bywell aforesayd 
and repairinge of the tenants' houses and tenementes within the mannor without any juste or good 
warrant for ought that appeareth unto us, save tliat every tenante is limitted by his lease to have greate 
tymber, when neede shall require, by assignment of somme of the king's majesties officers ther. And also 
housbote, hedgbote, fierbote, ploughbote, and cartbote without assignnient of any officer. 

Item. There hath bene a forrest of redd deare within the sayd barrony well replenished with game 
within ther .x.-^x''" 5'eeres and lesse, now utterly destroyed, but by whose means it appeareth not unto us.' 

The mills and fishery of Bvwell had been cjranted bv a lease dated 
27th March, 1562, to John Swinburn, the earl of Westmorland's com- 
missioner, to hold for the period of fifty-seven years. By a sublease dated 
2nd November, 1562, Swinburn granted a moietv of the mills and fishery 
to Richard Hodgson' of Newcastle, merchant and alderman, who by his 
wilP dated ist March, 1581/2, gave the same to his two sons William and 
Richard, who conveved to William Riddell, esq., and George Bertram, 
gent. The lease of the other moietv was assigned bv Swinburn to Sir 
John Forster, who in Easter term, 1598, e.xhibited a bill in the Court of 
E.xchequer against Roger Newton the elder, Christopher Newton, Ralph 
Newton, John Newton the elder, Gilbert Newton, and others, who in a 
riotous manner armed with staves and swords were alleged to have broken 
open the locks of the dam and to have intruded ' into her majesty's 
possession of a free fishery in the river of Tyne ' and of a weir or dam 
across the said river at Bulbeck otherwise called Bywell. In their defence 

' Exch. Records, 40 and 41, Eliz. No. S9. - Durhajn Wills, Greenwell, p. 115 ; Siut. Soc. No. 38. 


the defendants claimed to be entitled to a moietv of the dam and lock 
and to part of the fishery as appertaining to their freehold estates of 
Stocksfield-hall, Merryshields and Eltringham.' 

There were further proceedings in 1604, when an injunction was awarded 
to Sir William Fenwick (Sir John Forster's son-in-law and assignee) and 
Barbary Riddell and George Bertram (the assignees of Richard Hodgson) 
for the quiet and peaceable possession of the whole fishery of the whole- 
water of the Tyne from By well dam to Ovingham burn (except the south 
part of the beforesaid water to the midst of the stream from Stocksfield-hall 
burn to the foot of Merryshields haugh) against Robert Newton and others,^ 
In 1608, Sir William Fenwick held one moiety and Peter Riddell and 
others the remaining moiety of the two water corn mills at Bywell, a 
small ' clocke ' mill at the end of the town, and a free fishery for salmon 
under the terms of the unexpired lease of 1563 ; the value of the premises 
was then stated to be ^100 a year over and above the reserved rent of 
£2>} On the expiration of the long lease of 16 ig, the fisheries on the 
foreshores of the several manors reverted to the grantees of those manors. 
On the 9th May, 1610, James I., by letters patent, granted to Edward 
Ferrars and Francis Phillips, Bywell mills and the free fishery in the 
waters of the Tyne within the lordsliip of Bywell part of the barony of 
Bywell. Finally, on the 15th September, 1629, the barony of Bywell, 
with the free rents of Acomb, Newton, etc., was granted by letters patent 
to William White, William Stevenson and John Parkinson. This grant 
forms the root of the title of the present proprietors of Bywell. 


The parish of Bywell St. Peter, comprising an area of 18,698 acres, 
extends from the river Derwent (which in this place divides the counties 
of Durham and Northumberland) northward for a distance of twelve 
miles from the junction of Beldon burn to Shildon hill, not far from the 
Roman Wall. Its townships, which are enumerated on page 14, are 

' Exchequer Depositions by Commission, Easter Term, 41 Eliz. No. 34; Exchequer Decrees and Orders 
series i. book 25, p. 66. 

- Exchequer Rec. Series, vol. i. p. 339. ' Land Revenue Office Surveys, vol. xlii. p. 43. 


nuich iiilcniiinglcd with ihosr ol the sister parish of St. AndrLW aiul 
barony of Bolbec. In the township of Bywell St. Peter' are situated the 
church, the castle, and the homestead called Peepy. Bv an order of tlie 
Local Government Board, dated 20th December, 1886, the township, which 
comprised 1098 acres (inclusive of 208 acres in five detached portions), 
was added to the townships of Newton. Newton-hall, and to a newly 
created township called Bywell. 

On one of these detached portions' there is, at Shildon hill, a large 
entrenched camp. It is upon the top of the hill, the shape of which may 
have occasioned the oval figure of the encampment ; its dimensions are 
about 160 paces bv 100 paces. The ditch has been deep, and the ramparts 
considerable, with a ragged descent from them on the western side, 
but the slope of the eastern side is more gradual, owing to the action of 
the plough.^ In 1760 a small silver cup, probablv washed down from 
Corbridge in a spate of the Tvne, was taken up bv an angler, from whom 
it was reclaimed by the lord of the manor. It weighed si.x ounces, and, 
in shape, was like a pepper caster, being 4 inches in height, 2^ inches 
in diameter at the broadest part, and 1/0 inches at the bottom ; on a 
fillet it bore the following inscription, in raised letters : desideri vivas. 
It is not known whether it is in existence.^ 

In an inquisition taken at Bywell on the I2th November, 1268, it was 
found by the jurors that Sir John de Baliol, knight, had died seised of the 
moiety of the vill of Bywell held in chief of the king ; there were 180 
acres of demesne land worth lod. an acre, and 16 acres of meadow worth i6d. 
an acre ; the mills were worth £10 13s. 4d. There were three free tenants, 
Ely, son of William, who held 40 acres worth 6s. a year ; William, son of 
Osbert, and Thomas, son of Hawise, each of whom held 24 acres and paid 
2s. 6d. and 4 horseshoes or 2d. Two bond tenants held 24 acres and paid 
I OS. each. Thirty-eight acres which had been purchased by the lord from his 
two free tenants were worth 24s. a year. Thomas the grieve held above one 
acre and for ferm paid 2s. 2^d. There were 19 cotters, ten of whom held an 
acre of land with his cottage, the rents of which amounted to 49s. yd. The 

' The Census Returns are: 1801, 199; 1811, 164; 1821, 174; 1831, 172; 1841, 182; 1851,130; 
1861,94; 1871,132; 1881, 128; 1891,203. 'Ihe reconstructed or civil township of Bywell comprises 
1645 acres. . -^^^^ annexed to and included in the township of Newton-hall. 

'' Horsley, Briliiniii,i Roinann, p. 142 ; Sir David Smith, Cumps and CiislUs, vol. iv. 

' Wallis, Northumlicrlami, \ol. i. ]). 151 ; lirand, Nnccastk (where the cup is figured), vol. i. p. 60S. 


brewery produced 4s. and the value of the vill of By well at the time was 
_^ 24 13s. 3|d.' Ten years later the water mill and fishery were worth 
£2^ 13s. 4d. and the homage and services of the tenants were worth 
_^ 14 13s. 3d. and 4 lbs. of pepper." About this time Alexander de Baliol 
and Alianora his wife purchased an acre of land at the end of the dam 
of Bywell from Adam son and heir of Gilbert de Stocksfield/ and he was 
defendant in an action touching common of pasture at Bywell broughf 
by John the dyer {te\nturcr).^ In 1282 the prior and convent of Durham 
obtained a sentence against John de Balliol for the tithes of the mill and 
fishery of Bywell which he had. refused to pay.^ 

A storv preserved in the chronicle of Lanercost is chiefly of value from 
its incidental disclosure of the position of the village at the end of the 
thirteenth century. At the funeral of the bailiff of the Lady de Valence, 
widow of Hugh Baliol II. on Fridav, the 22nd June, 1285, whilst the corpse 
was being carried to the burial and the familv were preparing the funeral 
feast in his house at the west end of the village, a fire broke out, the flames 
fanned by a strong west wind ran along both sides of the street, and the 
service was scarcely ended before the large and beautiful churches of St. 
Peter and St. Andrew were burnt." Five years after this occurrence Thomas 
de Normanville the escheator was ordered to take into his hands all the 
manors and lands which had formerly belonged to Devorguil de Baliol.^ At 
the same time the king refused a petition made to him to grant wood from 
the ' hayning ' in the barony of Bywell for the bridge at Corbridge.* 

In 1294, Robert de Corbrigg of Bywell, outlawed for the death of 
Richard ' le tayllour,' received a pardon for his crime, testimony having 
been made to the king that his son, John de Corbrigg of Bywell had 
offered of his own free will to go to Gascony in the company of Edmund, 
the king's brother, in the king's service." 

' /«(/. p.m. 53 Hen. III. No. 43; cj. Cal. Doc. Rcl. Scotlami, vol. i. p. 498. 

'' Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. I. No. 5 ; cf. Ibid. vol. ii. p. 31. 

' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. ; cf. Hodgson, Northiimbcrlaiui, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 48. 

* Cal. Pat. Rolls, 6 Edw. I. m. 26; 47th Report of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Rcc. p. 179. 

> Durham Treasury, Cart Sacrist, 92 Hunter MS. 29. 

" Quin duas ecclesias parochiales niagnas et pulchras, unani Sancti Petri ubi terrae traditus est, et 
alteram Sancti Andreae, vorax flamma vastaverit, combustis omnibus intro repertis. Et quia ventus 
veliemens incre\erat, traiisivit tlumen adjacens globus flammeus, et duas villas ad dimidium distantes 
leucam in favillam redegit. Cbronicun de Lanenoit, p. 119; cf. Bonier Holds, vol. i. p. 374. 

' Abb. Rot. Orig. 18 Edw. I. p. 63. 

' Chancery File, bundle 92 ; Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. ii. p. 2S6. ° Cal. Pat. Rolls. 22 Edw. I. p. 96. 

Vol. VI. 12 












































HvwELL Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Sunima bonoriim Thomae de Mattefen 
„ Hugonis Brun 

„ Hugonis filii. praepositi 

„ Johannis de Ullesby 

„ Willelmi Ruter 

„ Clementis 

„ Johannis de Bredfoid 

Siimma hiijiis villae, £iZ 13s. 4d. Unde domino regi, 23s. iijd. {sic). 

The value of the manor of Bywell in the year 1296 was ;^32 17s. io|d.' 
Two years later, the sheriff of Northumberland was ordered to furnish a 
certain number of oaks from the woods of Bywell to William de Felton," 
to repair certain houses at the Heugh, near Stamfordham ; and on the 23rd 
October, 1300, the king, being at Dumfries, issued another order to the 
sheriff for the payment of ^15 17s. 3d. to certain carpenters, for felling 
oak in the Bywell woods to provide timber for engines and for carriage 
the same both by land and water to Berwick-on-Tweed.' In 1299, Cecilia, 
daughter of Elvas de Bywell, widow, granted certain land at Bvvvell to 
John de Ullesbv.^ 

Simon de Waskerleye, 6s. Sd.; Hugo capellanus,' 3s. 4d.; Johannes Barret, 4s. ; Waherus fiHus 
Hugonis, 5s. ; Robertus de Bat. 3s. ; Johannes de Carliolo, 5s. 4d. ; Kicardus de Ditlonsall, 3s. 
Willehnus Unttint, 2s. 7d. Summa 32s. iid. 

Further demands were made on the Bywell woods in 1336 when William 
de Scurueton, the countess of Pembroke's bailiff, was ordered to deliver 12 
oaks for divers works in the castle of Newcastle," and 20 oaks for repairing 
and for the construction of a drawbridge to the tower at the west gate of that 

A survey, now partly illegible, made at the beginning of the fifteenth 
century, is preserved at the Public Record Office : 

' E.xtent of lands in Northumberland held by Scotsmen. Ciil. Doc. Illitstrcitivc of the Hist, uf Scut. 
Stevenson, vol. ii. p. 48. 

- Close Rolls, 27 Edw. I. m. ig; Cal. Doc. Kcl. Scot. ii. p. 267. 

■ Liber. Rolls, 28 Edw. I. m. i ; Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. ii. p. 295. ' Din-. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 246. 

' 23rd April 1340. John, son of Richard le taylour of Naustedis, conveys to Hugh, son of Richard 
de le Syde of Corbrigs, chaplain, residing in ISywell, all his lands and tenements in the vill and held of 
Bywell which he had by gift of his father Richard le talyour. Local Muniments, Bell MSS. ArcJt. Act. 
new series, vol. i. p. 24. 

Cal. Close Rolls, 10 Edw. Ill, m. 43, p. 541. ' Ibiit. 10 Edw. 111. m. 32, p. 571. 



Tenants in Bywell, 1414. ' 











John [illegible] 

I messuage 




John Reeshell 

I cottage 'sine terrae' 


Gidius' [ „ ] 

^ )» 




John Bywell 

^ )» )» 



^ » 





Alice Blackburn 



„ ] 

I 11 




John Horslay 

I )» M 


V ] 

' )) 




James Taillour 



[ „ ] 

' 1) 




[Illegible] Hayron 

I „ [illegible] 


William [illegible] 

^ n 




William Lowry 

2 „ [ „ ] 


Robert Bew 

I )» 




Thomas Jakes 

I „ held freely 


[Illegible] Smyth 

^ )i 

'' il 



Robert ISow 

7 acres called Shortbuttes 


John Thompson 

I cottage 




William Lowry 

1 2 acres called Alexander 

Gidius Oiyll 

' »» 







John Archer 

^ ji 




the meadow called ' le 

William Lawson 

* 51 





William Cowper 

' J) 





1 croft 


Thomas Monkton 

I )1 




Ville de Bywell habent in tenura terras 

John Ledale 

1 )T 

'sine terrae' 







Mem. quod herbagium manerii quolibet termino reddit per annum ii' modo in manu domini nunc 
dimittitur vacario pro ii". 

Summa £^ 7s., inde de libera firma, gs. lod. 

An imperfect survey' of Bywell, made in 1525, is also preserved in 
the Public Record Office. It is there stated that three persons held free 
tenements in Bywell, viz., John Lawson, Robert Erie, and Thomas Nevyll, 
who respectively held at the free rents of 13d., 8d., and 8d., and that lands 
belonging to the chantry paid a free rent of i6d. ; Thomas Baytes paid a 
rent of _^io for the mills at Bywell and Ridley, and he enjoyed a lease of 
the millstone quarry ; Robert Kent paid a rent of 3s. 4d. for the ferry at 
Bywell, and John Stamp, vicar of Bywell St. Andrew, paid a rent of 
8s. ofd. for 15 acres, described as three quarters of a tenement, which had 
been enjoyed by his predecessors. 

John and Cuthbert Robinson 
Richard Horseley ... 

Nicholas Skelton ... 
John Nicholson 
William Lessheman 
Robert Nicholson ... 
George Hyne 

Tenants in Bywell, 1525. 


I messuage ... 

I tenement and certain land called 
half a land 

i husbandland 
I cottage and | husbandland 
I cottage and j husbandland 
I tenement and 2 husbandlands ... Thomas Hyne 


Late Tenant. 



Robert Belley 

... 12 

I I 



John Skelton... 

... 24 











23 4 

P. R. O. Rentals and Surveys, portfolio J^. 

P. R. O. Rentals and Surveys, portfolio Ji|. 




Nicholas Lawson ... 

John Gates ... 

Alexander Hewnie... 

Philip Hcwme 

Matthew Davyson ... 

Agnes, widow of William Taillour 

Henry Foderley 

William Dawson ... 

Robert Taillour 

John Forster, chaplain, Isabel, 

widow of Thos. Forster, and 

John Forster 
Nicholas and Ro^er Newton 
Cuthbert Newton ... 

Robert Kent 

David Loksmyth ... 

John Hewme 

Thomas Todd, chaplain ... 

Marian, widow of Thomas Newton 

Elizabeth, widow of John Jenyn ... 

Simon Horseley 

John Fewter 

Price of 28 

Price of 31 

Farm of one close late in the 

Tenants in Bywell, 1525. 

I tenement and i husbandland ... 
i husbandland 
I husbandland 
I husbandland 
I cottage and husbandland 
I husbandland 
J husbandland 

1 tenement and i husbandland ... 
I cottage and j husbandland 
I cottage, I husbandland, and a 

parcel of meadow called 

Grefies medowe 

part of le Halgarth 

I close belonging to the tenants of 


I cottage 
I cottage 
I cottage 

Late Tenant. 


s. d. 

Lawrence Hyne 



John Brown 



Lionel Foster 




the said Wm. Taillour 



Robert Robynson 
Wm. Raytes 







the said Isabel 



the said Nicholas 

James Loksmyth 
John Hunt 

Edward Ersden, chap- 
lain ... 

I cottage 

I cottage 

I cottage 

I cottage 
bolls and i bushel of oats yearly 
tenure of John Hopper, i6d. yearly, now lyin 

John Browne . 

25 4 

waste, to no profit. 

The vill of Bywell contributed si.xteen able men furnished with horse 
and harness to the muster of 1538. 

BvwELL Muster Roll 153S. 

Georg Down, Robert Necolson, Philop Hown, Henry Fawdle, John Nicolson, Edmund Davison, 
Christofer Lawson, Edwerd Robynson, Nycolles Lawson, Willin Hunter, John Foster, (jeorg Dawyson, 
Robert Howme, Matho Dawison, Robert Dayhon, Edwerd Horsle ; able men with hors and harnes.' 


Matthew Yon? 

George Doon ... 
Edward Hume 
Henry Nycholson 
John Tomson ... 

Leasehold Tenants in Bvwell, i 570. 


I tent, edificatum cum omnibus domibus de 
super edificatis ac cum uno clauso pasture 
continen. octo acr. et x.xii acr. terre arrabile 
in comunibus campis de Bywell predicta tent, 
per nomen unius tenement! 

I tenement,''' &c., 9 acres of arable land 

Yearly Rent. 













Anil. Ael. vol. iv. 4to series, p. 177. 

' held as one cottage.' 




Thomas Browne 
John Wylde ... 
Edward Horsseley 
James Taylour 
Christopher Davyson 
Robert Hewme 
John Davyson 
Mathew Foster 

John Lyssheman 
Wilham Lawson 
Edward Robynson 
Edward Lawson, gent 

George Pate [sic) and 
Blaise Bate 


I tenement, &c. 


' )' 


^ u 


^ if 


' )» 


I M 


^ )) 


I „ (called 

the Kylne howse) 


I tenement 


I !) 


^ n 


I 1) 


acres of arable land 

£ s, 
o 8 

























1 1 



1 1 




(with pasture for 4 oxen) 
a stone quarry for millstones in Bywell lordship 0134 


... ^10 


6| (sic)' 

Cottage Tenants in Bywell, 


Yearly Rent. 






Margaret Doome ... 

... I cottage, garden, etc 

held at the lord 

s will 


James Buirell 

... I shop 



Thomas Fotherley... 

... I cottage, garden, etc 



Alice Kent, widow ... 

... I cottage, garden, etc., 'passagio' 
with boat, 4 butts (selio) of 

land in the common field 



Thomas Clugh 

... I cottage, garden, etc 



Anthony Foster 

... I cottage, garden, etc., and 4 

acres of arable land 




William Robynson... 

... I cottage, garden, orchard, etc. 




Thomas Locksmyth 

... I cottage, garden, orchard, etc. 




Izabell Horsley 

... I cottage, garden, orchard, etc. 




William Hewme ... 

... 1 parcel of a cottage 



Margaret Locksmyth 

widow I cottage, a butt of land 








£1 n 

As in the thirteenth century so in the si.xteenth the village of Bywell 
seems to have comprised one long street of two rows of houses, one of which 
possessed yards or gardens sloping to the river. The houses extended from 
the castle on the east to a point considerably west of the two churches. 
The village was largely inhabited by smiths and workers in iron, who were 
probably in the first instance attracted to the place by the abundance of 
fuel provided bv the extensive oak woods which surrounded the place. 

' Hall and Homberston's Survey. 

■ Ibid. 


'Shops in the vii.l of Bvwf.i.i. ' hf.ld 'at the will of the lord,' 1570. 

W' Hewme, Thomas Taylour, Margaret Locksmyth, widow, George Hewme, James Taylour, 
James Locksmyth, Henry Nicollcs, Henry Foster, Thomas Clugh, John Wylcle, Thomas Cluyh, WilMam 
Robynson, and Thomas Locksmyth, each one shop and Edward Kobynson two shops. Sum 5s. 

There were two free tenants, Robert Erie and Matthew Foster, each of 
whom held a tenement, orchard, and four acres of land in the common field 
by charter, military service, and the payment of a free rent of 8d. 

On the 7th June 1576, in consideration of the payment of a fine, a 
twenty-one years lease was granted to William Pattenson of 13 tenements 
in the vill and fields of Bywell, parcel of the possessions of the attainted 
earl of Westmorland; they were then in the possession of various tenants at 
rents varying from 4s. lod. to 30s. lod. Pattenson covenanted 'to serve the 
queen well and faithfully in the north parts from time to time when need is, 
by himself or by sufficient able men with horse or horses and in warlike 
apparel when he is commanded or called bv the warden or lieutenant 
according to the custom of the countryside, and he or sufficient able men 
shall inhabit the said tenements, and shall at their own cost dig and make 
dikes, hedges, and " le quick-set" round the premises as shall be ordained 
from time to time by the discretion and ordnance of the steward of the 
court or other the queen's commissioners." It was evidently intended 
from the conditions of the lease that Pattinson should sublet the various 
tenements each to its occupant. 

On the 1 2th November following, a lease was granted for a term of 
years to Sir Francis Russell, knight, of two tenements then in the occupation 
of Henry Nicholson and Thomas Brown respectively, and of a number of 
houses or shops in the vill of Bywell in the several tenures of William 
Hewme, Thomas Taylor, Margaret Locksmyth, George Hewme, James 
Taylor, James Locksmyth, Henry Nicholles, Henry Foster, Thomas Clughe, 
John Wilde, Thomas Clughe, William Robynson, Edward Robynson, and 
Thomas Locksmyth, all parcel of the possessions of the earl of Westmorland 

The freehold lands in Bywell, which in 1570 belonged to Robert 
Erie and Mathew Foster, were held in 1608 by Thomas Earle and William 
Foster, each of whom paid a free rent of 8d. 

' Pcil. Rolls, 18 EHz. pt. 3. ■' Ibid. 18 Eliz. pt. 5. 



Leasehold Tenants in Bvwell, 1608. 


John Younge... 




• land. 





. Beast- 


Former Tenant. 
Mathew Younge his 

Date of Lease 

Letters Patent 

s. d 


Dnd rent, 
s. d. 

George Winshipp to 



iS July, 





of young Wm. Harrison I 




Christopher Davison 










George Dunne 







Edward <}reene 





Edward Hume 






Henry Nicholson 

... I 




John Nicholson 






Wilham Ashton, clerk i 




Thomas Browne 






John Wilde 





John Wilde his grand- 


6 Oct. I 





Ralph Newton 





Mathew Foster 

2 June, 







George Nicholson 





John Lishman 

6 Oct. 




William Lawson 





William Lawson his 








Edward Robinson 





Edward Robinson, his 



1 1 




William Hume 





Edward Lawson 







John Taylor ... 





James Taylor his father 





Edward Davison 





John Davison his father 






William Dawson 





John Thompson 

1 601 -I 




Edward Hume 





Robert Hume his uncle 

6 Oct. 





John Wilkinson 





Edward Horsley 

8 Aug. 






Some t 

3tal of the yee 

rlie rentes of Biwell township, j 

£9 1 8s. I 



COTTAGE Tenants, holding by Lease, in Bvwell, 1608. 

Late oeciipier. Holding. 

Bartholomew Kente Alice Kent, his grand- l cottage, etc., ferry boat and 4 rigges 

Gilbert Newton ... William Kent 
John Locksmith ... Thomas Locksmith 

his father 
Edward Robinson ... William Robinson his 

Thomas Lockie, aUa^ — 


John Hume ... 
John Foster... 

George Hume 

Janet Cloughe 

George Lawson 
Thomas Lumbley 

Isabel Horsley 

Anthony Foster his 

Thomas Fotherleye ... 

Thomas Cloughe her 

William Hume 
Margaret Dunne 

of land 
I close ... 
I cottage and i acre, 3 horse and cow 


I „ I rigg and i cow gate... 

I ,. 3 riggs 

I „ I rigg, I horse gate and 
I cow gate 

I „ 4 acres arable land, i\ 

acres ineadow and 5 
beast-gates ... 

I „ I rigg, I horse gate and 

I cow gate ... 

I „ I rigg, I horse gate and 

I cow gate ... 

a parcel of a cottage ... 

a meadow close called Nixe meadow 
(3 acres) 


Rent, bevond rent. 

s. d. s. d. 

So 16 8 

20 40 

2 10 6 8 

22 46 

28 6 8 

22 40 

5 10 13 4 
40 10 o 

20 34 

06 14 

30 6 8 

Sum total of cottagers' rents /^i '5 - 


Thf manor of nywcll, wliiL-h in i(mU had Ixxii clL-inistd to tnistces for 
the bciielit of Charles, prince of Wales, was granted in 1629 to Sir Allan 
Apsley and Stephen Alcock whose assigns the following year conveyed it 
to Sir John Fenwick of Wallini^non, who pnrchased in tnist for his half 
brother, Roger Fenwick of Shortttat. The latter died voung and was 
succeeded by his son, William Fenwick of Shortflat and Bywell, on the 
sequestration of whose estate for delinquency Sir John Fenwick of 
Wallington, in a petition addressed to the committee for compounding 
cases, on the 23rd December, 1651, claimed to be entitled to the mills 
and fishery, which he stated he had purchased in the year i6oy from 
George Ward and Robert Morgan.^ A chancery suit followed, in which 
William Fenwick obtained a decree in his favour, and on the 14th 
November, 1657, Henry Horsley, Luke Killingworth, and others, were 
ordered by the lord protector to put him into possession of the contested 
premises.^ In 1663, William Fenwick of Bywell, esq., was rated at ^.^140 
for Bywell town and demesne, and at ^80 for the- mills and fishery; he 
also possessed Acomb and Acomb-hall, Shortflat, and lands at Mickley, 
South Middleton, etc. 

Bywell Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665.= 

William Fenwick, esq., 6 chimneys; Mr. Bradley, Peter Forster, John Newton, Alexander Wilson, 
Mr. Hall, minister, Bartho. Kent, each 2 chimneys; Thomas Mallabarr, Nicholas Lawson, Widdow 
Winshopp, George Parker, William Forster, Thomas Taylor, each one chimney. 

On the death of William Fenwick, in 17 19, his estates came to his 
two daughters and co-heiresses, Isabella, wife of William Wrightson, and 
Margaret, wife of John Fenwick of Stanton and Brinkburn, who, with 
their respective husbands, effected a partition by indentures of lease and 
release, dated 9th and loth June, 1724. The estates at North and South 
Middleton, Mickley, Hall-yards, Merryshields, Birchesnook, Bate-house, 
Lyndeen alias Skipperline, Hasicks, Shoecroft, Cherryburn, Stocksfield- 
house, Wheel-birks, New Ridley, Brough-house, and Raw-house were given 
to Mr. and Mrs. Wrightson, together with the sum of ^"5,300 to be paid 
by Mr. and Mrs. Fenwick,^ to whom were given Bywell and Acomb, 

' Com. for Comp. vol. 86 G. p. 287, and Ciil. Com. for Comp. pp. 2487-S. 

- Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, 'W. ' 395. ' Subsidy Roll, ^gg. 

' Mr. John Fenwick obtained by letters patent, dated 25th July, 19 George II., an Exemplification 
under the Great Seal of the grant of Bywell as set out in the Patent Rolls of 15th -September, 5 Charles I. 
Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's Deeds. Bywell mills were granted by letters patent, dated i8th May, 1609, 
to Edward Ferrers and Francis Philips, both of London {Put. Rolls, 7 Jas. I. pt. 16), who on the 24th 
August following sold and conveyed the same to Geo. Ward and Robert Morgan of London. 







and lands at Broomley, Fairly-may, Foster-close, Myers, Hindley-steel, 
Rochester- foot, Eastwood-house, Ovington, Nafferton, etc. On the nth 
November, 1780, a resettlement of the Bywell estates was made, previous 
to John Fenwick going abroad, by which they were charged with the 
payment of his debts, amounting to ;2^2000,^ and to an annuity of ^400 to 
be paid him during his father's lifetime, to be increased to ^500 after his 
father's death; subject to these charges the estates were settled upon the. 
younger son, who bore his father's name of William. 

William Fenwick, unmindful of the claims of his kinsmen to his and 
their patrimonial inheritance by his will dated May 24th, 1802, gave his 
real and personal estate to his widow, who for her second husband married 
the Rev. Septimus Hodson, of Thrapston. The estate was sold by Mr. and 
Mrs. Hodson for the large sum of ^132,000 and conveyed 13th October, 
1820, to Mr. T. W. Beaumont, grandfather of the present owner, Mr. 
W. C. B. Beaumont. 

Very little is known of the ancient bridge of Bywell. In the edition 
of Camden's Britannia published in 1637, it is stated that beneath the 
castle ' there is a very goodly weare for the catching of salmons, and two 
solid piles of most firme stone, which in time past supported the bridge, 
stand up in the midst of the river.'" An observer, writing in 1825, notes 
that on the two piers there was no spring of arches, and infers that the 
superstructure must have been of wood.^ The piers, which stood near 
the dam,"* remained until August loth, 1836, when they were blown up 
by a charge of gunpowder, on the same day on which the foundations of 
the new bridge were laid.* The latter, a noble structure, erected farther 
down the river, was built at the sole cost of Mr. T. W. Beaumont. 

' Either this John Fenwick or his father William Fenwick was the owner of 'Duchess,' whose match 
at Newmarket is celebrated in a tune set for the Northumberland pipes. AH the words are lost except — 

' Fenwick o' Bywell's off to Newmarket, 
He'll get there or we get started.' 
C/. Norlhiimberlaiid Minstrelsy, Bruce and Stokoe, Newcastle See. of Anticfuaries, 1882, p. 171. 

" Camden, Britannia, tran. Harland, ed. 1637, p. 808. 

° Mackenzie, Nortliumberland, vol. ii. p. 351. 

' Bywell dam was taken down in July, 1862. ' Sikes, Local Records, vol. iii. p. 61. 

Vol. VI, 13 




Arms : Per f ess gules and argent, six marl/els counterchanged. 

Crest : Out of flames a phoenix proper winged argent, gorged with a ducal 

crown purpure. 

Dugdale's Visitation of NorthumlerlanJ, 1666. 

Ror.ER Fenwick of Shortflat and Bywell, third son 
of Sir William Fenwick of Wallington {d) ; had under 
his father's will a moiety of the mills and fishings of 
Bywell, a moiety of Hawick and the tithes of North 
Middleton (d) ; died at Gibside, 23rd Feb., 1635/6 ; 
buried 1636 (Ji) ; Inq. p.m., 14th April, 1636 ; 
adm. of personal estate 7th February, 1635/6 ; 
inventory, 2nd May, 1636 (0). 

Margaret, daughter of Sir 
William Blakiston of 
Gibside ; married 26th 
February, 1626/7 W I 
living a widow 7th 
February 1635/6 (^) ; 
re-married Thos Wood- 
all {ad). 


U illiam Fenwick of Bywell, son and heir, = Catherine, dan. 

was at the age of 6 3'ears, 27 weeks, and 4 of Christopher 

days at his father's death ; a ' delinquent ' I Hall of News- 

in 1654 ; in 1663 was rated for lands at j ham, co. Dur- 

Shortflat, South Middleton, and B)'well((/); 1 ham ; liv. 1675 

will dated 2nd June, 1679 ; pr. 1680 (0). (/). 

Roger Fenwick took 
lands at Bolam under 
his mother's will ; 
buried at Meldon 5th 
May, 1669 (O ; died 

Margaret, under 
agfe in 1 636 

Mary, under age 
in 1636 (rf). 

William Fen- 
wick, son and 
heir, living 
5th April, 
1659 ; died 
s.p. (x). 

Margaret, sister of Sir = Sir Robert Fenwick of By- = Elizabeth, daughter of Sir R. Graham of 

Richard Graham of ... .. - 

Netherby, bart.(»:); 
post-nuptial settle- 
ment 27th Sept., 
1679 ( v) ; first wife. 

well, knight ; baptised 
8th April, 1668 (</) ; 
knighted at Windsor, 
17th May, 1683 (m) ; sold 
Shortflat 6th Dec, i6go 
((/) ; buried .. 1 691 (a). 

Norton Conyers, bart. (x) ; was 3 years 
of age in 1665 (k) ; she re-married i8th 
May, 1704, Nicholas Burton, clerk, head 
master of Durham School (w) ; she was 
buried 3rd Nov., 1744, at St. Marj'-le-Bow, 
Durham {w). 

Roger Fenwick of London 
(x), to whom his father, 
by deed dated 25th 
Sept., 1677, gave lands in 
Bolam (if) ; part)' to deeds 
27th Sept., 1679 (v), and 
29th Oct., 1689 (/). 

Maud, daughter 

of Davis, 

alderman of 
London, and 
widow of Sir 
Thomas Grene 
of Cheshire 


Christopher (.v), 
party to deed, 
27th Septem- 
ber, 1679 (r); 
named in his 
father's will ; 
[? buried Pen- 
rith] (.v). 

I I 
Roger, died young {x). 
Isabel, daughter and heir, 

aged 16 years in 1730 (i). 

Edward Fenwick (1), party to deed, 
27th September, 1679 ( r) ; named 
in his father's will ; in 16S4 joined, 
with his brothers Robert and 
Roger, in a deed to entail Bolam 
upon the said Roger, with 
remainder to the said Edward, and 
remainder to the said Robert (</) ; 
party to deed 29th October, 
1689 (/) ; buried 6th M.ay, 1715 

Ludowick (x), party to deed, 
27th Sept., 1679 iy)\ 
named in his father's 
will ; ' president of the 
English Benedictine Corle 
or congregation ' (.r). 

Anne, died unmarried ; bur. Bywell (x). 

Elizabeth, died s.p. ; bur. Bywell [x). 

Katherine, sole executrix to her father's 

will (0) ; died unmarried ; buried at 

Clerkenwell (.v). 

I I 1 
Thomasine, an EngHsh Austin nun {x). 
Mary, an English Austin nun, ' now 

upon the rota for canonization ' (x). 
Dorothy, married Charles Turnour, eldest 

son of Sir Charles Turnour, knight and 

godson of Charles II. (y). 

(a) Bywell St. A ndrew Register. 
(«) Whickham Register. 
(c) P'oster, Admissions to Gray's Inn. 
(</) Hodgson, Northumh/rland, pt. i 

vol. i., pp. 335-370. 
(^) Foster, Alumni Oxonienses. 
(/) Surtees Durham, iii. 207. 
(g) Abstract of Title to Brinkburn, 

(0 Gyll's Diary. 

(y) 2 William and Mary, cap. 15. 

{t) Newcastle Courant, 4th Oct., 1760. 

(/) /6id. 25 th March, 1769. 

(w;) Le Neve's Knights, Harl. Soc. 

vol. viii. p. 378. 
(«) Newcastle Courant. 3rd April, 1824. 
(0) Durham Probate Registry. 

{p) Miss Hedley's Deeds and Abstracts, 
{rf) Bell Collection at Alnwick Castle. 
(;•) Mr. J. C. J. Fenwick's long Fram- 

lington Deeds. 
{/) Hexham Register. 
(/) Gentleman's Magazine. 
Iti) Surtees Durham, vol. i. p. 71. 
(k') Durham Cathedral Register, Harl. Soc. 

Sywell township. 



Edward Fen- 
wick, capt. 
up at sea ' 

William, bap- 
tised Dec, 
1703 (a) ; 
died in in- 
fancy ; bur. 
15th Dec, 
1703 («). 

Susanna, daughter 
of John Bacon of 
Staward ; bapt. 
at Allendale, i8th 
January, 16S1 ; 
married at Hay- 
don, 29th Decem- 
ber, 1698 ; post- 
nuptial settle- 
ment, 2nd April, 
1703 iy) ; bur. 
1714 («)• 

William Fenwick of Bywell ; = Elizabeth, daughter of Roger 

voted for lands in Bywe 
i7ioand 1715 ; high sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1713 , bur. 
14th October, 1719 («) ; 
administration to his per- 
sonal estate, 2nd March, 
1720 (0). 

" -^ , ^ -- Q 

Fenwick of Stanton ; she was 
living at Morpeth a widow, 2 1 si 
July, 1727, wlien she joined in 
the sale of Bolam (rf) ; party 
to a deed nr 1736 ; died at 
Morpeth, 2 7th September, 1769, 
aged 62 years (^). 

... mar. ... 
Lowther of 


Elizabeth, baptised Ijth October, 17 1 7 («) ; married Edward Ward of 
Morpeth (k) ; bond of marriage, 4th Jan., 1739. 

Robert, bur. Isabella, eldest daughter and co-heir ; 
7th Nov., baptised 20th June, 1700 (a) ; married 

1704 (ii). WiUiamWrighton, M.P. for Newcastle; 

knight of the shire for Northumber- 
land 1723 ; bond of marriage, 19th Oct., 
1721 ; party to deed of partition of 
estates, loth January, 1724 ( v). 

Margaret, second daughter and co-heir ; 
baptised 4th April, 1702 (a) ; married John 
Fenwick of Stanton ; bond of marriage, 14th 
Jan., 1719(1'); articles before marriage, 4th 
Jan., 17 19 ; married 2Sth Jan., I7I9(«) ; post- 
nuptial settlement, i6th and 17th Dec, 1724 ; 
buried loth June, 1727 (a). 


Margaret, young- 
er daughter 
and co-heir of 
William Fen- 
wick of Bywell, 
first wife. 

John Fenwick of Stanton and Brinkburn ; bapt. 24lh Feb,, 1698; voted 
for lands in Bywell in 1722 ; high sheriflf of Northumberland in 1728; 
knight of the shire in 1741 and 1747 ; died 19th (.s), buried 24th Dec, 
1747 (a) (/) ; aged 58 ; will dated 13th Dec, 1742 (0) {g). 

-. Alice, dau. of Thomas 
Errington of Beaufront, 
articles before mar. 4lh 
Feb. i729(^),secondwife. 

May, only child of the marriage, baptised 20th September, 1731 ; married Ralph Soulsby of Hallington ; 
marriage settlement, iSth and 19th September, 1751 (^). ^i 

William Fenwick of B}™'ell, son 
and heir, in whom were united 
the three lines of Stanton, 
Brinkburn, and Bj'ivell ; bap- 
tised 14th January, 1721 («) ; 
of Corpus Christi Coll., Oxon., 
matric. 9th July, 1740, aged 18 
(^) ; high sheriff of Northum- 
berland, 1752 ; re-built Bywell 
hall in 1760; died 27th Aug., 
1782 (z) ; will dated 2nd Dec, 
1780 (") ; proved 1782 by 
his son, William, the devisee 
and e.\ecutor (0). 

-Margaret, daughter of 
William Bacon of 
Staward ; baptised 
1 6th April, 1716 ; 
bond of marriage, 
23rd May, 1747 ; 
articles before mar- 
riage, Sth and 9lh 
February, 1746/7 
( >■), (tt) ; married 
at Bishop Auck- 
land ; died 17th, 
buried 23rd March, 
1769, aged 53 (/). 


John Fenwick, son and heir ; born 
2nd Feb., 1748/9 Qp) ; of Queen's 
Coll., O.xon., matric. 4th June, 
1767, aged 18 ; M.A., June 7th, 
'77' (') ; party to deeds, 4th and 
5th F'eb., 1770 (g) ; \oted for a 
rent charge on Bywell in 1774, 
and relinquishing his rights in 
favour of his younger brother by 
deed dated nth Nov., 1780 (/>), 
shortly afterwards went abroad, 
and died at Montpellier. 

John Fenwick of Framling- 
ton, baptised 4th August, 
1724 (a) ; of Corpus 
Christi College, O.xon., 
matric. gth March, 1742/3, 
aged 18 (if) ; admitted to 
Gray's Inn, 29th March, 
1745 (c) ; of Cleadon, co. 
Durham, when he made his 
will ; died 29th June, 1783 
(y) ; will dated loth 
July, 1 761 ; proved at 
Durham, 28th August, 
1783 ('•)• 


William F^enwick, second 
son, born 19th .March, 
1749/50; of Queen's 
Coll., Oxon., matric. 
nth Oct., 1766, aged 
16 ; party to deeds 4th 
and 5 th Feb., 1770 (g) ; 
succeeded to Bywell at 
his father's death ; mar. 
l8th F'eb. 1792 ; died 
s.p. 26th Nov., 1802 
(/) (2) ; will dated 
24th May, 1802. 

Frances, daughter of 
Francis Daniel of 
Gloucester ; sole devi- 
see named in her 
husband's will ; she 
re-married at Don- 
caster, 14th March, 
1809, Septimus Hod- 
son, clerk, rector of 
Thrapston, North- 
amptonshire ; she died 
at Wadenhoe, 21st 
F'ebruary, 1824 (/;). 

; Dorothy, dau. of William 
Lascells, and sister of 
Rev. Robert Lascells of 
Durham (' ) ; bapt. at 
St. iMary-le-Bow, Dur- 
ham, 22nd April, 1720; 
articles before mar. 20th 
and 2Ist Feb., 1748/9 
(;•) ; married at Witton 
Gilbert, 6th April, 1749 
(i) ; died at Hexham, 
1 2th Aug., 1794 (y); 
bur. 14th August (i-). 


Roger Fenwick, baptised 
27th Sept., 1726(a) ; died 
before his mother (;)). 

Margaret, bapt. 3rd ■'\pril, 
1723 [a); had portion of 
;^3, 000 under her mother's 
mar. set. (^) ; mar. 2Ist 
Sept., 1 754, William Swin- 
burn of Longwitton ; died 
s.p. in Newcastle, 22nd 
Feb. 1798 ; bur. Hartburn 
(y) ; will dated 1796, pr. 
2Ist Aug., 1798, by Wm. 
Fenwick of I3ywell («). 

(i) Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 8942, fo. 86. 
(j) Mr. Beaumont's Bywell Deeds. 
\z) M. I. By\vell St. Andrews. 

iaa) Com, for Comp. \'ol. lxxx\'i. 
p. 2S7. 

(lili) Family Fapers with Mrs. Goddard, 

(«) Ex inf. Mrs. Lovell, 1900. 



John Fenwick of Frnmlinglon, son and heir, born 26th March, 1752 
(^/>/,') ; to whom his father gave his real estate ; a captain in the 
military service of the East India Coni])any (;•) ; of Barramiiore 
1789-1791, afterwards of Cawnpore, in the province of Oude (<) ; 

died October, 1807; administration of his personal estate 

granted in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury to his widow (f). 

Charlotte Maria, sister of General Powell of Wey- 
mouth ; mar. at Barrampore, 9th March, 1 789, by 
Rev. David Mackinnon, East India Company s 
chaj)Iain, in the presence of Captain Philip Powell 
and John Powell (r) ; living I2th July, 1841, 
at Ribston House, Gloucestershire (r). 

William Fenwick, 
named in his 
father's will. 

Robert Fenwick, born at 
Nunriding ; baptised at 
Mitford, 13th Jan., 1756. 

I I 

Roger Fenwick, in Margaret, died unmar. before 1839; administration 

1S07 was residing of her personal estate granted to her nephew, 

at Hexham (/-). J. P. L. Fenwick (»). 

John Peregrine Lascells Fenwick : 
of Framlington, clerk in orders ; 
born nth September, baptised 
at Barrampore, 5th November, 
1791, by Rev. A. A. Barber, 
East India Company's chajt- 
lain ; of Corpus Christi College. 
Oxon., matriculated 7th July, 
1810, aged 18, B.A. 1817 (e); 
rector of Bagborough, Somerset, 
1831-36 ; living at Tenby, 
Wales, 1839 (r) ; some time of 
Elm, Somersetshire ; sold his 
estate at Framlington in 1841 
(y) ; some time curate of Mar- 
garet Chapel, Bath, and of 
Bathwick, and afterwards curate 
of Homerton, Hackney ; was 
living at Chelsea, 31st August, 
1848, a widower, with two sons 
and three daughters survi\'ing 
out of eight children (y) ; died 
at Bath, 1st September, i860 

iDiana Matilda 
Ann, daugh- 
ter of Robert 
.Anstey, of 
Upper Park 
Street, Bath ; 
articles before 
marriage 1st 
Dec, 18 14 
(') ; married 
6th December, 
1814, at St. 
Mary's Chap- 
el, in the 
parish of Wal- 
cot, Bath (/■) ; 
dead before 
31st August, 
issue, six sons 
and two dau- 
ghters (i5^). 

Myra Lovell,=William Fenwick, 

mar. at the 
Cape of 
Good Hope 
in 1819 ; 
died in 1829 

born 1st March, 
1795; a judge in 
Bombay and reg- 
istrar of Df 
Heber, Bishop of 
Calcutta («). 

; . . dau. of 
Ladwick ; 
had issue 
two sons 
and three 


Franklin Fenwick, 
born in East Indies, 
28th Dec, 1789; 
of Magdalen Hall, 
Oxon., matric 3rd 
July, i82i,agei8(ir); 
dead 15th May. 1845. 

Myra, only child of 
the mar., born at 
Bombay in 1821 ; 
mar. Francis G. 
Livell of London ; 
living at Oxford in 
1 90 1 (cc). 

Peregrine Powell Fenwick. an officer of the 
25th reg. of Native Light Infantry, served 
in the Persian war and in the Indian Mutiny; 
bur. at Bagnieres de Bigorre, s.p. (cc). 

John Fenwick of the 23rd regiment of Native 
Infantry, and colonel in the army ; living at 
Sandwich in IQOO, married ; s.p. (cc). 

Charlotte Flora, born 12th Dec, 1789 (W) ; living unmar. 23rd 

March, 1839, at Wincanton, Somerset (/•). 
Eliza Anne, born 28th April, 179 .. ; mar. loth Nov., 1836, Uriah 

Messiter of Wincanton ; died s./). {/>^). 
Caroline Peachey, born 2nd Dec, 1796 (/'/'); living unmar. at 

Wincanton in 1839 (j). 
Jessy, born 28th Aug., 1798 ((i(i); liv. unmar. at Wincanton in l839(j-)- 

John Robert Powell Fenwick 
of Framlington, son and heir; 
born at Charlton ; bapt. at 
EUingham, 1st Nov., 1815 
(r) ; sold his estate in Long 
and Low Framlington and 
conveyed the same, nth 
and I2th July, 1841, to Mr. 
Isaac Cookson (>-) ; died 
unmarried (,ii). 


Christopher Cress- -. 
well F'enwick, 
born 23rd No- 
vember, 1816 
(//i) ; drowned 
at Orilla, in 
Ujjper Canada, 
5th November, 

1 I 

Emily Lucinda, dau. 
of Currer F. Busfeild 
of Cottingley Bridge 
(by his wife Sarah, 
dau. of John Ferrand 
of Stockton), who, 
when a widow, as- 
sumed the name of 
Ferrand; mar. 21st 
May, 1840 (/li). 

Colebrook, and 



NoeI = 

= Emily 













Joseph Lascells Fenwick, 
born 7th March, 1820 ; 
died 6ih Oct., 1827 (-4(5). 

Robert Fenwick, born 
loth March, 1824 ; died 
23rd Feb., 1829 (M). 

Edwin Fenwick, born 
July, 1828 ; died nth 
February, 1836, at 
Bagborough (i5ii). 

Emily Lucinda, daughter and co-heir, married . 

died in Canada s.p. (bb) (cc). 
Christophine Sarah, daughter and co-heir, born 22nd May, 1843 

married, 20th October, 186S, G. S. Goddard, Fleet-paymaster, R.N. 

living in London a widow 1901 (b/i). ^ 

Louisa Charlotte Diana, born 26th 
September, 1821 ; died unmarried 15th 
June, 1897 (bb). 

Matilda Powell, born 27th December, 1825 ; 
died unmarried, March, 1872 (bb). 

* Mrs. J. P. L. Fenwick was a grand-daughter of Christopher Anstey, the author of Tin New Bath Guide. 

Evidence to Fenwick Pedigree. 

2 William and Mary, c 15 (Royal Assent, 2 May, 1690). An Act to enable Sir Robert Fenwick to sell lands 
for the payment of debts. Statutes of the realm, 2 William and Mary, p. 179. The consent to the bill, dated 2gth 
October, 1689, recites a settlement made between William Fenwick, of Bywell, esq., and his eldest son, Robert 
Fenwick, esq., of the one part, Richard, Lord Preston, by the name of Sir Richard Graham of Netherby, Bart., 
Reynold Graham, of Nunnington, co. York, esq., John Clavering, of Chopwell, esq., Matthew Heron, of Kirkheaton, 
esq,, and Roger, Christopher, Edward, Ludowick, Thomasine, Mary and Dorothy Fenwick, the remaining children 
of the said William Fenwick, Margaret Fenwick, wife of the said Robert Fenwick, and sister of the said Lord 
Preston, of the other part ; which settlement omitted to make any provision for Sir Robert Fenwick's second wife. 
The consent, signed by Roger and Edward Fenwick, brothers of Sir Robert, by Matthew Heron and John 
Clavering, is conditional on no lands being sold for the payment of debts, except Shorlflat and the mill there, which 
were of the value of ;^I25 per annum. Journals of the House cf Lords, 23rd April, 2 William and Mary ; cf. Hist. 
MSS. Com., 13 Report, .-^pp. pt. v. p. 33. 


Shildon Moor. 

The extensive common pasture known as Shildon moor was within the 
barony of Bywell, and was intercommoned by the townships of Acomb, 
Bearl, Bywell, Newton, Newton-hall, Stelling, Clarewood, Halton Shields, 
East Matfen, Nafferton, Ovington, and Walton. By the survey of the 
barony of Bywell made in T524, it appears that certain rents were paid 
under the name of 'more silver,' for the privilege of pasturing cattle on 
Shildon common, viz., Sir William Lisle, knight, 3s.; the vill of Welton, 
13s.; and the vill of Halton Shields, 13s. 4d. In an abortive attempt for 
its enclosure, made in 171 1, this common was described as comprising 'all 
those moors and commons commonly called and known by the several 
names of Great Shildon, Little Shildon, Kip-hill, Broom-edge, Welden, 
Ravens-hill, Holborn-rigg, Stelling-edge, Crooked-hill, Little-man, Black 
middens, Acomb moor, and Cross-edges, boundering on Weldon, Nafferton, 
and Ovington on the east, Corbridge fell and Thornbrough on the west, 
on the Roman Wall on the north, and on Bearl, Acomb, Stelling, 
Newton-hall, and Newton on the south.' Although the project at that 
time was unsuccessful, it was revived in 1749, when an act of parliament 
was procured for the enclosure and division of the common.' The act 
recites that William Fenwick, esq., was lord of the manor and barony, 
but provides that the commissioners shall not set out to him any part or 
share of the common ' in lieu of or as a compensation for any right or 
interest which the said William Fenwick or the lord or lords of the said 
manor and baronv of Bywell for the time being now hath or hereafter 
may have in the said common ' other than his or their freehold lands in 
respect of which right of common was claimed. The limestone quarries 
then open, with ten acres of land lying around the same, were to remain 
open, public roads were to be set out, and the remainder was to be divided 
amongst the persons interested ' in proportion and according to the clear 
yearly value on the 19th Mav 1750 of their respective enclosed lands and 
grounds lying and being within the several parishes aforementioned, in 
respect whereof they are intitled to such right of common as aforesaid.' 
Edward Collingwood of Chirton, Thomas Gyll of Durham, and Percival 

' 27 Geo. II. An act for dividing .ind enclosing Great Shildon common, or Shildon moor, within 
the manor and barony of Bywell, in the county of Northumberland. The commissioners' award, 
accompanied by an admirable plan, is with the clerk of the peace. 


Clennell of Newcastle, esquires, William BoiuHower of Apperley, William 
Robson of Wallington, Hugh Boag of Ravensworth, and Samuel Marriott 
of Morpeth, gentlemen, the commissioners appointed for the purpose of 
carrving the act into execution, made their award on the lOlh July, I755-' 
The common having been found to comprise 1633 acres, it was divided 
as follows, fractions being omitted : 

William Fenwick, esq., for his lands in Acomb, Newton, and Hywell St. Peter townships, 306 acres; 
and for Hywell St. Andrew township, 85 acres; Michael Archer, gent., for East Matfen, 25 acres; 
James Atkinson of Gateshead, for Ovington, 8 acres ; William Bell of Harlow-hill, for Ovington, c; acres; 
William Bigge of Benton, for Ovington, 17 acres ; Edward Blackett of West Matfen, esq., for Halton 
Shields, Clarewood, and Carr-house, 179 acres; for East Matfen, 146 acres; Sir Walter Blackett of 
Wallington, bart., for Welton, 153 acres ; George Burnett, for Ovington, 3 acres ; William Collinson, 
gent., for Newton, 25 acres ; George Coulson of Merry-shields, for Ovington, 2 acres ; Ann Clavering of 
Causey, widow, for Ovington, ig acres ; James Fenwick of East Matfenmoor-house, gent., for East 
Matfen, 21 acres ; Thomas Forster, for Ovington, 4 acres ; Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, for 
Newton-hall, 86 acres ; Heniy Harrison, for Ovington, 17 acres ; Thomas Hall of Newcastle, weaver, for 
Ovington, 3 roods ; Thomas Hall of Ovington, smith, for Ovington, 2 roods ; Oswald Hind of Ovington, 
yeoman, for Ovington, 1 acre ; Oswald Hind of Stelling, for Ovington, 29 acres ; and for Stelling, 47 
acres; William Hunter, of West Matfen, for Ovington, 4 acres ; John Horsley of Bolam, esq., for 
Ovington, 4 acres ; and for Newton, 4 acres ; Anthony Humble of Prudhoe, for Ovington, 2 acres ; John 
Jobling of Broxbushes, for Fell-house, 6 acres ; Thomas Lock of Low Seat, for Ovington, 2 acres ; Jacob 
Marshall, smith, for Ovington, 4 acres ; Robert Moffat of Horsley, weaver, and Jacob Truinble of 
Gateshead, for Ovington, 2 acres ; Thomas Mitchell of Newburgh, Yorkshire, esq., for Nafferton, 96 
acres; the countess of Oxford and Mortimer, for Bearl, 47 acres; and for Newton-hall, 21 acres; 
Michael Pearson of Newcastle, esq., for East Matfen, 94 acres ; Matthew Robinson, as vicar of Bywell St. 
Andrew, 2 acres ; Robert Simon, as vicar of Bywell St. Peter, 6 acres ; Margaret, wife of Robert 
Simpson, for Ovington, 4 acres ; George Simpson of Tunstal, co. Durham, for Ovington, 2 acres ; 
Thomas Smith of Newcastle, butcher, for East Matfen, 35 acres ; George Surlees of Mainsforth, for 
Ovington, 20 acres ; Robert .Surtees of Redworth, for Ovington, 9 acres ; Henry Winship of Acomb, for 
Ovington, 7 acres. 


There is a transaction occurring in connection with the history of 
the church of St. Peter which possesses more than common interest. 
In the early times of Northumbrian Christianity a religious house had 
been founded at the mouth of the Tyne, which ultimately became the 
monastery dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, and Oswin, king and martyr, 
whose bones were preserved there. This church, with its possessions, was 
given by Waltheof, earl of Northumberland, with his relative, Morkar 
(to be educated in religion), to Aldwin, the prior, and his brethren at 

' One of the effects of the enclosure of the common was to add to the parish of Corbridge an area of 
179 acres; to Stamfordham, 323 acres; to Ovingham, 429 acres; to Bywell St. Peter, 505 acres; and to 
Bywell St. Andrew, 136 acres. Quarries, etc., comprising about 10 acres, were reserved to the use of the 
freeholders, and several roads were set out. 




















Jarrow, with a provision that the gift should hold good with regard to 
any place to which the Jarrow monks might be transferred. Soon after 
this, the great Benedictine house of Durham w^as founded by William de 
St. Carilef, the bishop, when Jarrow was incorporated with the new 
foundation, and all the rights the monks of Jarrow had in the church 
of Tvnemouth became the property of the monastery of St. Cuthbert at 
Durham. This arrangement was confirmed by Bishop William, with the. 
assent of Earl Alberic, the successor of Waltheof. Tynemouth did not 
long remain in possession of the monks of Durham. They were dis- 
possessed by Robert de Mowbray, earl of Northumberland, and Tynemouth 
was given by him to the monastery of St. Albans. On the forfeiture of 
Robert, his grant was not disturbed, and Tynemouth was confirmed to 
vSt. Albans by William Rufus. This act of spoliation, as they regarded 
it, was not accepted by the monks of Durham, and they continued to 
claim the church of Tynemouth and its rights until the dispute was settled 
by an arrangement made in 1174, to be referred to presently. Among 
the churches belonging to the monastery of St. Albans were those of 
Edlingham and Bywell, the former given to Tynemouth by Gospatric 
and confirmed by his son Aedgar, the latter, as is stated in a charter of 
Eustace de Baliol, given them bv his predecessors. Though, according 
to the terms of the agreement of 1174, all deeds connected with the two 
churches were to be given up by St. Albans to Dinham, there are no 
charters granting St. Peter's, Bywell, to St. Albans by any of the Baliols 
among the muniments of the prior and convent of Durham, though 
Aedgar's confirmatory grant of Edlingham still remains in the treasury, 
with the seal attached.' The original deeds connected with the church 
of Bywell do not seem to have been handed over, for no copies of them 
are to be found in the cartularies of the church of Durham. The 
arrangement between the two monasteries was made by Roger, bishop of 
of Worcester, and John de Salisbury, bishop of E.xeter, who, together 
with Robert, dean of York, or any two of them, were appointed delegates 
by Pope Alexander III. to examine into the several claims of the two 
monasteries and to give their decision upon them. By the terms of the 
agreement which was arrived at in consequence of this delegation of the 

' The charter, with the seal, is reproduced in fac-simile in Gibson's History of Tynemouth Priory, 
vol. i. p. 50, pi. 


pope, Durham was to give up all right the monastery claimed to have in 
the church of Tynemouth, St. Albans granting to Durham the church of 
Edlingham and the church of Bywell, saving for his lifetime the right of 
Salomon the priest in the church of St. Peter there. The instrument was 
e.xecuted at Warwick, November 12th, 1174.' 

' Diir. Treas. 2''" 2'"' Spec. No. 16, Caitular. secund. fol. 43 i. 'Hutro Dei Gracia Dunelm. Eps. 
omnibus Sanctae Matris Ecclesiae filiis tarn praesentibus quam futiiris, salutem. Sciatis nos concessisse, 
et praesenti carta conf. Deo et -S. Cuthberto, et dilectis filiis nostris priori at conventui Dunelm. 
ecclesias illas quas pro ecclesia de Tinemutha a monachis .Sancti Albani transaccionis nomine 
recepimus, videlicet, ecclesiam de Biwelle cum omnibus pertinenciis ejus, et ei.clesiam de Aetheluingliam 
cum omn. ad ipsam pertinentibus, libere et quiete in perpctuum. Habendas et possidendas (salvis 
per omnia nostris episcopalibus, interlined in the original, consuetudinibus, added in the cartulary), 
medietatem sane fructuum qui de ecclesiis eisdem provenient. Nos et idem prior atque conventus 
sacnstae assignavmius ad luminaria in ecclesia Beati Cuthberti, sicut nos staluimus, invenienda, sub 
anathemate, interdicentes ne a quoquam in usu alios convertatur. Alteram vero medietatem liceat 
jam dictis priori et monachis in suos proprios usus convertere, salvis episcopalibus consuetudinibus 
nostris. Testibus, Simone Camerario, Magistro Johanne de Rana, Mag. Ricardo de Coldingliam, 
Willelmo de Houeden (Willelmo filio Archiepiscopi, added in the cartulary), Thoma et Ernaldo 
capellanis, Willelmo elemosinario, Mag. Augero, Rogero Freburn, Benedicto de Kyleie et aliis multis." 

The Treasury at Durham contains the following documents relating to these transactions, classed in 
2''° 2"'"' Spec, under Byuell. 

No. 2. Letter of security from Roger, bishop of Worcester, and I (Johannes de Salisburia), treasurer 
of the church of Exeter, to Hugh, bishop of Durham, in the matter of the agreement between the abbey 
of St. Albans and Durham about the churches of Biwelle and Edelingeham, with seals of the bishop 
and treasurer. 

No. 4. Charter of Symon, abbot, and the convent of St. .'\lbans granting the churches of Biwell 
and Eduluingeham to Durham. Seal of St. Albans and of Symon, abbot. 

No. 6. Ratification of the exchange made between Germanus, prior of Durham, and Symon, abbot 
of St. Albans. Seal of St. .-Mbans. 

No. 7. Charter of Eustace de Baillol, with consent of his heir, Hugo, confirming to Durham the 
church of Biwelle, with the toft of Salomon, the dean, nigh the church of .St. Andrew which Walter the 
priest held before him. Witnesses, Hugh, his son and heir; Richard de Midford and John, his brother; 
Bernard, parson of Gainsford ; Wido de Bouincurt, Gilbert de la val, Hugh de Normanwile, Robert de 
Insula, Nicholas de Hedun and Richard his son, Roger de Heglestun, Roger de Saint German, Radulf 
de Gunewareton, Edward de Stanfordham, Aedmund de .Setun, Robert de Rue, Robert de Hindeleie. 

No. 7*. Confirmation of Eustace de Baillol, with consent of his heir, Hugh, of the agreement 
between St. .Mbans and Durham about the church of Biwelle, which his ancestors gave to St. .\lbans. 
Same witnesses as to 7. Same seal. 

No. 8. Confirmation by Hugh de Baillol of his father Eustace's grant of Bywell Saint Peter to 
Durham. Witnesses, Americ, archdeacon of Durham, Philip de Ulecotes, Henry de Baillol, Hugh 
de Bolebec, Peter de Vallibus, Roger Daudri, Symon de Bruntoft, Robert de Whitcestre, Radulf 
super Teise, Walter de Monasteriis, Magister Simon de Ferligtone, William Brito, JoUan de Cestre, 
Nigell the chaplain, Magister Alexander medicus, Magister Allan de Beuerlaco. Seal. 

No. 9. Grant from Hugh de Balliol to the convent of Durham, for their church of Biwelle, of all 
tithes and obventions of tlie new assart between Quiketonestal and Deruwente, which is in their 
parish. Durham to have common pasture in his lands, as is suitable (sicut decet). No witnesses. A 
round seal. An orle. 

No. 15. Renunciation deed of Tynemouth. ' Universis .Sanctae Matris Ecclesiae filiis praesentibus 
et futuris, Germanus prior et conventus totus Dunelm. ecclesiae, salutem. Ad publicam volumus 
noticiam pervenire, quod cum inter nos et monasterium Sancti Albani super ecclesiam de Thinem', 
quam nobis de antiquo jure competere dicebamus controversia verteretur, nos de assensu et auctoritate 
venerabilis patris nostri Hugonis Dei Gracia Dunelm. episcopi acceptis ab abbate et fratribus Sancti 
Albani ecclesiis de Biwelle et de Eduluingeham praedictae liti et repeticioni ecclesiae de Thynem' in 
perpetuum renunciavimus. Ut g' (igitur) haec transactio inviolabile robur optineat praenominatam 
ecclesiam de Thynem' cum omnibus pertinentiis suis monasterio Sancti Albani jure perpetuo 
possid^ndam concessimus et praesentis scripti testimonio confirmavimus. His testibus. Germane 
priore Dunelmensi, Burchardo et Willelmo archidiaconis, Simone camerario, Magister Ricardo de 
Coldinghame, Henrico dapifero.' Seal wanting. 



At a curve in the valley, where the Tyne makes a bend and turns 
towards the north, on the haugh there enclosed by the river, are placed the 
two near adjoining churches of St. Peter and St. Andrew. The churchyard 
of the former is bounded on the south side by the stream, which flows almost 
alongside the church itself. The churches were situated, originally, 
amongst the houses of the village,^ but they now stand almost alone, with 
only the hall, the vicarage of St. Peter, the house which represents the old. 
home of the miller and the keep-gateway of the castle, all that now remains 
of the ancient centre of the Baliol barony, to support and justify them. The 
site is one very sheltered, and pleasant with its surrounding of time-honoured 
trees, rich in masses of healthy foliage, the towers of the churches rising 
among them, that of St. Andrew specially forming a prominent and very 
effective feature in the scene. _ 

They are popularly known 
as the black and white churches, 
the one, St. Peter's, having 
belonged to the Benedictine 
monastery of Durham, the other, 
St. Andrew's, to the Norbertian 
house of Blanchland. 

It is probable there were two 
churches at Bywell in Anglian 

. • u ^ iU • J BvwELL St. Peter's Church in 1824. 

times, but there is no docu- ^ 

mentary evidence to prove the fact in either case, nor is there anything 
left in the building itself to show there was a church of St. Peter 
before the end of the eleventh century. That there was a church of 
stone then in existence is proved by the existence of the north wall of the 
nave of the church, now standing with its original windows, which cannot be 
attributed to a time later than that in question. Whether the church then 
built was the earliest one which existed there or represented an older 
Anglian one, possibly of wood, it is impossible to say, but the probability is 
in favour of there having been a church already there. The circumstances 
connected with the lordship may explain why the present church was then 
built. Guy de Baliol had a grant, about 1093, of Bywell from William 
Rufus. His successor, Eustace, when confirming the grant of St. Peter's 

' The village in 1825 is said to have comprised twenty houses, including the two vicarages, and the 
White Horse inn. Cf. Parson and White, Nortliumhcrland and Durham, vol. ii. p. 563. 

Vol. VI. 




to Durham, by St. Albans, in 1174, says the church had been given to St. 
Albans bv his ancestors, whose names, however, he does not mention. It 
seems, therefore, almost certain that the ^rant 10 St. Albans was made soon 
after the Baliols came into possession of Bywell, probably by Guy de Baliol 
himself, who had given lands in Hertfordshire to St. Albans. If this was the 
case, the time when it was granted to a great monastery like St. Albans was 
one which would be likely to cause either an entirely new church or a larger 
one to be built, and with that time the architecture quite coincides. 

The church then existing appears to have consisted of an aisleless nave 
and a chancel, but without a tower. The nave, as originally constructed. 

r "i;,.:.:{ll-J 

I M I I I I I . ■ 1^ 

J<Ale: o^ phet 

£Af<Ly /i' 
IHSD c./'ioo 

WM^A c I3SO 

extended, apparently, to the west wall of the present tower, as is shown by 
the remains of a base moulding, not, however, belonging to it, which exists 
on the west side of the tower as well as on the north, where it is on the 
same plane as the nave wall. The nave was, therefore, a long one, being 80 
feet in length, with a width of 19 feet. A large portion of its north wall is 
left, containing four original windows, which have round heads cut out of 
one stone. They are placed 20 feet above the floor, and are 4 feet 6 inches 
high, I foot 6 inches wide at the exterior, widening with a splay inwards to 
a width of 3 feet ; the glass is placed 3 inches from the face of the wall. 


Two Stones which have a zigzag moulding upon them, now built into 
the walls of the present modern south porch, may possibly be portions of a 
doorway in the nave of the original Roman church. 

The first important alteration in the church was the replacement of 
the early chancel, probably a short one, by that now existing This 
extension was made about the beginning of the thirteenth century, when 
the present chancel, which remains practically intact, was erected. It is 36 
feet long, 13 feet 6 inches wide, and is lighted by three lancet windows 
at the east end, two similar on the south side, and one at the east end 
of the north side. All the lancets have chamfered rere arches, springing 
from chamfered imposts. Along both sides, at the base of the windows, is 
a string course, but at the east end a similar string course is placed at a 
lower level, the sills of the windows there being deeper. To the west of 
the lancet on the north side a double-light window has been inserted. It 
has a trefoiled head made out of a grave cover, which has a cross and a 
book upon it. At the east end of the south wall is a piscina recess, round- 
headed, with a chamfered moulding ; the basin is dished square to the 
centre, with a drain hole. The chancel arch is modern ; it replaced, in 
1849, ^^ ^^^^ which was believed, by the architect then employed, to have 
been built about the year 1 160. 

The exterior walls of the chancel are of good ashlar masonry. The 
central of the three eastern lancets is a little higher than the other two, the 
three having a continuous hood moulding over them and a string course 
beneath, with a buttress under the central window, and corner buttresses 
with two sets-off at each angle. The two lancets on the south side have 
each a separate hood moulding. 

The south aisle of the nave is, probably, a little later than the chancel. 
It is of four bays with cylindrical columns and similar responds ; the 
moulded bases are octagonal, the capitals have cylindrical bells, and 
octagonal abaci. The arches on the face towards the nave are of two 
chamfered orders, the dripstone over the central column being terminated 
by a bearded and crowned head. At the east end is a chapel of the same 
date as the aisle, now used as an organ chamber ; all the walls are new, 
except the lower part. The chapel has an opening into the chancel, square 
in form, and divided down the centre by a mullion ; it is grooved for glass, a 
provision difficult to account for, as it could never have been intended for an 


exterior window. An altar slab, with the five crosses, is preserved within 
the chapel ; it is probably that belonging to the altar of the chantrv. The 
exferior stonework is of the same good ashlar as that of the chancel, and 
at the east end is a bnttress similar to that beneath the central lancet of the 
eastern triplet. In the porch, in addition to the two stones with zigzag 
monlding already mentioned, are built in five grave covers, one of a man 
with the sword, two of females, each with the shears, two with the cross 
alone, and a piece of early English moulding, with the end of a dripstone 
of the same date, probably belonging to the doorway of the aisle now 

Accordinor to a statement in the Lanercost Chronicle the church was 
burnt by an accidental fire in 1285, and it is possible that in consequence of 
the effects of this, the next alteration was made in the church. This was 
done by shortening the nave, when the present west end was built, which, 
judging from the architectural features, was about the year 1300. The 
doorway from the tower into the nave, which is contemporary with the 
wall in which it is placed, has a hood moulding on its west face, and has 
a smaller doorwav within it, put in, probably, when the tower was built. 
Above the doorway, but not at the present centre, is a small lancet window, 
hollow chamfered, originally the west window of the shortened nave. Some 
remains of the two buttresses of the west end of the nave are left enclosed 
within the tower. 

The tower, built partially upon the site of the western part of the 
original nave, but not its equal in width, is a short, massive and plain 
building, constructed probably, among other purposes, for that of defence. 
It is of a date somewhere about 1310, and has a western doorway, the inner 
arch of which is higher than the doorway, a double lancet window, divided 
by a square muUion, in the second stage, on the north, west, and south sides, 
a single chamfered set-oflf and a battlemented parapet, all contemporary 
with the tower itself. 

The latest addition to the church in mediaeval times was that of a 
chantry chapel on the north side of the nave. It appears to have been built 
towards the beginning of the fourteenth century, but by what person or 
family the endowment was made is unknown. It is of good work, and forms 
a pleasing and artistic addition to the church. It was originally connected 
with the nave by a shoulder-headed doorway at the east end of the north 


wall, which, in 1849, ^'^''^s removed to the north side of the chancel to make 
an entrance into the new vestry. It is Hghted by four two-light windows 
on the north side, and by two four-light ones at the east and west end 
respectively. The windows are square-headed, with reticulated tracery, the 
lights are all trefoil-headed. The north wall on its exterior face presents 
a remarkable and inexplicable feature, in the presence of the springing 
stones of three arches, midway in the height of the windows, one at th.e 
centre and one at each end of the wall. Above each the wall is of rough 
masonry, as if intended for the attachment of a transverse wall above them. 
It does not seem as if any more of the intended building had been carried 
out, nor has any signs of the wall which would have existed to the north, if 
the work had been completed, been discovered in the churchyard. Within 
this chapel, at the east end, is a stone slab, 5 feet 7 inches long by 3 feet 
4 inches wide, upon which is the figure of a knight, made by incised lines, 
and an inscription, now illegible, round the edges. 

The font is bowl-shaped, and stands on a circular pillar and base ; it has 
been re-chiselled, but may be of the date of the Norman church. 

The chapel on the south side of the church, now used as an organ 
chamber, was originally a chantry dedicated to St. John the Baptist. It was 
founded either by Guy Darrayns of Whittonstall (died before 1268) or by a 
certain William the deacon, concerning whom some charters are preserved 
in the treasury at Durham.' Guy grants to William de Bywelle, deacon, 6 
marcs of silver of annual rent, 5 marcs, los. 8d., to be received from his 
'firma' of Est Hydewin and Hunthank, and 2s. 8d. of the ' firma ' of Walter 
le verrer de Nova terra, half at the feast of St. Cuthbert in March and the 
other half at the feast of St. Cuthbert in September, ' for a sum of money 
he paid me in my need.' To hold to him and anyone to whom he may 
assign, give or sell, on his deathbed or in his good health {in lecto siio mortis 
vel in sua bona prosperitate)^ rendering yearly one pound of cummin or one 
penny of silver at St. Cuthbert's feast in September. He gives power to 
distrain within the barony of Eolbeck. 

Robert de Est Hydewyn admits he is bound to pay yearly to William 
de Bywell, deacon, or whom he may assign, 5 marcs, los. 8d., to be received 
' de firma' of his lord, Wydo de Arrannys, of Est Hydewyn and of Hunthanck, 
by half-yearly payments at the two feasts of St. Cuthbert, which his lord, 

1 ^J" 2""" Specialiuin. 


Wydo de Arrannys, has given to William de Bywelle. Walter le veirer de 
Nova terra undertakes in like manner to pay to William de Bywelle 32d. of 
silver out of the ferm he holds hereditarily of his lord, Wido de Arrannys. 
Finally, Hugh, son of Hugh de Bolbeck, at the request of Guy, inspects and 
confirms his charter. 

The deed ' of Willelmus de Bywel, diaconus, by which he founded 
the chantry, burdens the endowment with the yearly payment to Guy 
Darrayns and his heirs and assigns of one pound of cummin or one 
penny at St. Cuthbert's day in September, and gives some interesting 
particulars as to the service. The chaplain is to say daily the service 
of the dead which is called Placebo ct Dirigc ct Commendacio as for a 
body then present. William de Bywel gives, in order to maintain the 
aforesaid service, a silver chalice of the price of 24s. and two pairs of good 
vestments, four blessed towels (napkins or cloths), and a 'porthehors' (a 
breviary) ; also 60 sheep or 60s. to maintain the light of the said altar. 
The chaplain for the time being is not to take the ornaments and sheep 
to his own use or to alienate them. If they decay by age or in any way 
become perished, he is to restore them at his own expense. The sub-prior 
of Durham is to have the appointment after William de Bywell's death. 
The witnesses were Hugh de Dernington, prior of Durham ; Master Roger 
de Herteburne, archdeacon of Northumberland ; Master Hugh, parson of 
Ovincham ; Master Lambert, vicar of Bedlington, and Hugh, vicar of St. 
Peter's, Bywell ; Sir Robert de Insula, Sir Gydo de Normanwille, Roger 
de Araynis, Robert de Menewille. 

At the suppression of the chantries, the endowment comprised the 
tithes of Merryshields.^ The incumbent at that period was John Eltringham, 
who is described as a man ' meanly learned, of honest conversacion and 
qualytes,' and of the age of 58 years.' The chantrv possessed ' ii vestments 
with th'appurtenances, one masse boke, one little bell, a crewett, and ii 
towelles''* and 7 oz. of plate. There were at that period 200 houseling 
people in the parish.^ 

The church possesses, together with some modern communion plate, a 
cup made in Newcastle in the seventeenth century by William Ramsay, 

' Dur. Treas. 2''" 2''"' Spec. No. 10; also Misc. Chart. 2099. .Seal oval, ij in. by J in., niitiqui- gem, 
seated hehneted figure holding a small figure on extended right hand. ^ JHCHI. CREDE. LEGE. TEGE. 

•■ Pat. Rolls, 3 Edward VI. pt. i. ^ Eccles. Proc. of Bp. Barnes, Raine, app. p. Ixxxix. Surt. Soc. No. 22. 

* Inventories of Church Goods, Page, p. 164. Surt. Soc. No. 97. ' Eccles. Proc. of Bp. Barnes, p. Ixxxix. 


inscribed Bywcll S" Petri^ an ancient bell inscribed Tii es Petrus^ 
followed by the complete alphabet in Lonibardic letters,' and another bell, 
possibly cast at the beginning of the sixteenth century, which bears the 
following legend : Ut surgant gentes vocor hornet cito jacctcs^^ 

Monumental Inscriptions, Bywell St. Peter. 

Here lieth intened the remains of Mr. William Collinson of Newton, who died August 26th, 1761, 
aged 66 years. To Death I yielded without surprise | In hopes that Christ will me arise ] Therefore, dear 
friends, lament for me no more | I am not lost bat gone a while before. | Henry Winship, died April 14th, 
1792, aged 88. Mrs. I. Collison, died June 14th, 1794, aged 91. William Winship, died June 22nd, 1797, 
aged 65. Ruhannah Winship, died April 8th, 1808, aged 73. William Collison Winship, son of 
Collison Winship of Newton, died January 31st, 1813, aged 2 years. Henry Winship of Ovington, died 
February 28th, 1837, aged 76 years. Collinson Winship, died October 7th, 1S49, aged 77 years. 

H. S. E. Robertus Jobling de Newton-hall, armiger, uxori amantissimae liberisque pientissimis spe 
Christiana fretus sui desiderium, injens reliquit Oct. 18, 1820: .'Etat. 69. 

In affectionate remembrance of William Fenwick Blackett, second son of Christopher Blackett of 
Wylam, born September 14th, 1793, died June 20th, 1868. Also of Catherine Porterfield, his widow, 
daughter of Robert Stewart of St. Fort, Fife, born September 27th, 1793, died June 22nd, 1873. 

In a vault beneath this stone lie the mortal remains of Sarah Huntley of Friarside, in the county of 
Durham, and widow of John Hodgson of Elswick, Northumberland, esq., born 20th December, 1782, 
died at Stelling-hall 25th June, 1858. Also of their eldest son, John Hodgson Hinde of Stelling and 
Ovington, who died 25th November, 1869, aged 63. And of Alice Hodgson, their second daughter, who 
was born 5th February, 1808, and died at Beadnell-hall in the parish of Bamburgh, 14th April, 1871. 
Mary, youngest daughter of John and Sarah Hodgson, died i8th November, 1870, aged 69. 

Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth, daughter of John Jobling and Barbara, who departed this life May 
7th, 1758, aged 4 years. Also the body of John Jobling of Shaw-house, who departed this life November 
9th, 1759, aged 75 years. Abraham, son of John Jobling of Newton-hall, died March 9th, 1763. Also 
the body of Alice, wife of John Jobling of Shaw-house, who departed this life April 17th, 1767, aged 84 
years. John Jobling of Newton-hall, he died 27th day of August, 1789, aged 71 years. William Jobling 
Bro.\bushes, he died April 5th, 1797, aged 70 years. John Jobling, son of William Jobling, he died June 
22nd, 1796, aged 39 years. Anne, wife of William Jobling, died February loth, 1798, aged 85 years. 
Barbara Jobling, wife of John Jobling of Newton-hall, she died April 25th, 1800, aged 72 years. Cresswell 
Jobling, their son, died at Newton-hall, September 26th, 1835, aged 77 years. 

Here lieth the body of John, son of Thomas and Christian Jobling of Styford, he died 
December 30th, 1797, aged 6 years. Christian, wife of Thomas Jobling, died August nth, 1804, aged 
47. The above Thomas Jobling died August 12th, 1839, aged 81 years. Elizabeth Jobling, died 
March 3rd, 1845, aged 79 years. William, son of the above, died May 19th, 1849, aged 65 years. Ann, 
wife of the above William Jobling, died at Morpeth, May 7th, 1S61, aged 78 years. 

In memory of Elizabeth, wife of Mr. William Jobling of Newton-hall, daughter of John Blackett, 
esq. of Wylam, who, with her infant children, lies here interred. She died August 14th, 1S03, aged 50 
years. Mr. William Jobling, he died January 24th, 1810, aged 54. 

George Wailes of Bearl, ob' September 2nd, 1787, aged 58 years. William, son of George and 
Elizabeth Wailes, died at Shilbottle, December nth, 1799 

' Proceedings 0/ the Newcastle Soc. of Antiq. vol. iii. p. 129. 

" Ibid. vol. iv. p. 55. 

' Mr. C. J. Bates suggests the following reading : Ut surgant gentes voco Jiorain cito jacentes. 
{Arch. Ael. vol. xi. p. 15, and Proceedings of the Newcastle Soc. of Antiq. vol. iii. p. 129.) 


The ordination of the vicarage is no longer extant, but it was certainly 
of an early date, and was probably made soon after the acquisition of the 
church by the prior and convent of Durham. The assessment of the 
vicarage made in the return to the king's writ Levari facias in 131 1 was 
31s. io|d.' 

On the dissolution of the monasteries, the church and rectory of Bywell 
St. Peter, with the advowson of, or the presentation to, the chantry of St. 
John Baptist within the same church, were granted in 1541 to the newly- 
constituted dean and chapter of Durham.- The rectorial tithes continued in 
the possession of the dean and chapter, under whom they were farmed by 
lessees, until with their other capitular estates they were transferred to the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, who have appropriated fractional parts of the 
same to the ministers of the newly-formed parishes of Newton-hall and 
Healey. The advowson or right of presentation to the benefice was trans- 
ferred in 1884 to the archdeacon of Northumberland. 

Vicars of Bywell St. Peter. 

Walter, the priest, predecessor of Salomon, dead before 1 174. 

1 174. Salomon the priest.' 

1196 (circa). Patricius.' 

1280. Hugh, the vicar of St. Peter's, party to an agreement made in 1280 with the prior and convent of 
Durham about the chapel of Whittonstal! ; ^° also mentioned in the deed of endowment of 
the chantry of St. John Baptist. 
Walteru? de Jarrow resigned his benefice 19th December, 1312.^ 

1313. Walter de Shirburn per. res. Walter de Jarrow, instituted 25th February, 1312/3.^ Acquittance 
from Walter de Shirburn, vicar of St. Peter's, for 35s. sterling paid by the convent of Durham 
in the name of his vicarage on St. Cuthbert's day in March. Dated at Evenwood 
22nd .April, 1313.^^ 

1315. Gilbert de Heley, instituted 21st August, 1315,'' procurator to the prior and convent of Durham, 
who, for his good services, granted to him for his life, but not to his successors, the tithes of 
all his own animals within the parish of St. Peter's.' 

1342 (circa). Adam de Byngham " 1334 : Mandate from Edward III. to the sheriff of Northumberland 
to give reseisin to John, prior of Durham, of a tenement and chattels unjustly detained by 
Adam de Bingham, vicar of Bywell St. Peter, since the first voyage to Gascony of his great- 
grandfather, Henry III., if the prior can show his right to it, the said tenement and chattels 
to be in peace until a day appointed by William Bassett, Thomas de Fencoles, and Roger de 
Blaykeston, who are to have a jury of twelve men to assist.^ 

1346. .Adam de Newsome, instituted 23rd May, 1342;"^ resigned the benefice 3rd May, 1349''° 
Acquittance in 1346 from Adam de Newsome, vicar of Bywell Peter, to Hugh de Bywell, 
chaplain, proctor of the prior and convent of Durham for scxaginta decein soUcies avgenli from 
the fruits of the same church due at St. Cuthbert in March." 

1 349. Gilbert de Slaveley per. res. Newsame.' 

1356. William de Eges after the death of Gilbert de Slaveley.' 

' Cf. Bp. Kellawe's Register, vol. i. p. 281, vol. ii. pp. 835, 84S, 880. = Pat. Rolls, 33 Hen. VIII. p. 9. 


136S. John de Iiigilby after the death of William de Eges.' Acquittance in 1369 from John de Ingelby, 
vicar of St. Peter's, to the prior and convent of Durham for his pension of £2. Armorial 
seal, round, | in. Fess between 3 annulets.^- 

1369. Nicholas de Ingilby per. res. or death of John de Ingilby.' 

1390. Nicholas de Ingilby, per. res. Nicholas de Ingilby;' as perpetual vicar of St. Peter's he was party 
to a deed dated 4th May, 1390, which recites to a deed made May 20th, 1337, by Gilbert de 
Heley, vicar of .St. Peter's." 

1405. Williain Yssop after the death of Nicholas de Ingilby.' 

1420. William Newton after the death of Yssop,' chaplain to the earl of Westmorland, who, in a letter, 
written in French, dated at Raby 3rd November (1420), solicited the prior and convent to" 
confer the benefice upon him.° 

1446. William de Wyntringham after the death of Newton.' 

1469. William Hynd per. res. Wyntringham.' 

1484. Richard Saunder after the death of Hynd.' 

1493. Thomas Lee,' presented 12th January, 1492/3," after the death of Saunder, resigned his benefice 
8th January, 1498/9.'° 

1499. Thomas Todd per. res. Lee;' appeared at the Bishop's Visitation, November i6th, 1501." 

1510. Thomas Bentley after the death of Todd.' 

1526. John Forster per. res. Bentley.' 

1541. Mylo Swahvell, presented 3rd January, 1 540/1, after the death of Forster ;' his acciuittance, 
dated 8th November, 1544, to Dr. Watson for the vicarage of Bywell, is preserved in the 
treasury at Durham.'- 

1557. Thomas Bolton (prebendary of Durham), presented 3rd June, 1557, after the death of Swallwell.' 

156S. James Brown, S.V.D.M., presented nth March, 1567/8, after the death of Bolton.' 

1568. Thomas Wilkinson, S.V.D.M., presented 14th August, 1568, after the death of Brown.' He did 
not enter an appearance at the Chancellor's Visitation, held at Corbridge, 25th January, 
1577/8; Nulla modo comparuit fugam ffcit." 
(John Thew, the 'black vicar,' occurs i8th April, 1580 ;■' as curate he appeared at the Chancellor's 
Visitation in July, 1578.'*) 

1581 John Woodfall, instituted 4th October, 1581," after the deprivation of Wilkinson.' 

1586. Thomas Mitford, S.V.D.M., presented 30th August, 1586, per. cess. Woodfall '(? of St. Mary's 
Hall, 0.\on. ; matric. 19th February, 1582/3). 
Christopher Fewell was curate of Bywell Peter, at a salary of ^10 per annum, in 1592.'" 

1630. Gilbert Kipling.' 

1649 (circa). John Davis, Fellow of Magdalen College, Camb.,' a native of Worcestershire ; 'he first 
settled at Kirkoswald, where his ministry was very acceptable and useful.' At Bywell ' he 
had good success till the Act of Uniformity silenced him. Afterwards he lived at Welton, 

three miles from Bywell After being silenced he had a letter from his elder brother, 

who offered him great things if he would but conform, but, upon his refusing to comply, he 
never would own him afterwards. After the Conventicle Act came out he preached to all 
comers, and yet there never was any meeting disturbed in his house. He took also many painful 
journeys over the mountains, not regarding the weather, to the good people in Weardale and 

Allendale, where he did much good Though he was of the Congregational way, yet he 

was a lover of all good men, and all good men loved him.'" Calamy says that he died in 
1676, aged 50, but a man of this name was buried at Ovingham, 26th January, 1683/4."° 

1662. Richard Bradley, M.A., presented 29th April;' instituted 24th June, 1662;" buried 24th 
December, 1673;" li's wife, Susanna, was buried 20th December, 166S " (? of Queen's 
College, Oxon., matric. 17th October, 1617, aged 15). 

1674. Thomas Broughton, M.A., presented Sth January, 1673/4,'-^ after the death of Bradley.' 

1694. Matthew Owen, instituted 2Sth November, 1694, after the death of Broughton ;' in the following 
year he enlarged and repaired St. Peter's vicarage, and died 24th November, 1699." 

Vol. VI. 15 



1700. John llaitis, of Magdalen College, Camb., M.A., instituted 24lh Febiuaiy, 1699/1700,' after the 

death of Owen. Rector of St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham, 1695.-" 
1703. Francis Clement, of Christ College, Camb., B.A., instituted 6th March, 1702/3, after the death 

of Hartis,' inducted 22nd June. Rector of St. Mary-lc-liow and of St. Mary-the-I.ess, 

Durham, 1700, in which year, on the 9th July, he married .Ann Hunter of .Medomsley ;'"" 

buried 6th June, 1732." 
1732. Robert Simon, B.A., instituted 2nd December, 1732,"^ after the death of Clement ; he died Sth 

January, 1773," and was buried on the 12th of the same month." His son, Robert, was 

apprenticed in 1748 to Cuthbert Smith of Newcastle, mercer, and was admitted free of the 

Merchants' Company in 1755." 

1773. Nicholas Hornsby, son of Thomas Hornsby of Durham, of Merton College, Oxon.; matric. 1760, 

B.A. 1764, M.A. 176S; instituted 17th April, 1773,'* after the death of Simon.' 

1774. Richard Fleming, B.A., instituted i6th December, 1774,'^ after the resignation of Hornsby.' 
1778. John Fleming, M.A., instituted 30th July, 1778,'" died 24th December, 1789, aged 45." " 

1790. Dickens Hazelwood, of Christ Church, Oxon.; matric. 1777, B.A. 1781, M.A. 1784; rector of St. 

Mary in the South Bailey, Durhatii, 1789;"" sacrist and librarian at Durham;"' instituted 
2nd April, 1790;'^ buried 7th October, 1821. 

1791. Edward Parker, of Magdalen College, Oxon.; matric. 1780, B.A. 1783, M.A. 1789; rector of St. 

Mary-le-Bow, Durham, 1788;"" instituted 17th December, 1791 ;" died 27th April, 1809. 
1795. Henry Johnson, instituted loth August, 1795,'^ a native of Hesket Newmarket, also the incumbent 

of Bywell St. Andrew's, and of several other benefices in the county ; died Sth February, 

1828, aged 84." 
1828. Edward Cook, after the death of Johnson ; died of consumption at Clifton, 7th March, 1845, 

aged 44." 
1845. Brereton Edward Dwarris, son of Sir Fortunatus Dwarris, F.R.S., born in London, 22nd May, 

1810 ; educated at Eton and at University College, Durham ; B.A. 1839, M.A. 1842 ; 

some time fellow and tutor of the University of Durham, and honorary canon of the 

Cathedral there ; subsequently honorary canon of Newcastle ; one of the founders and 

chairman of the managers of the North-Eastern Counties' School at Barnard Castle ; 

died at York, loth May, 1901, aged 84 years ; buried at Bywell St. Peter. 
1901. Samuel Jeffery, scholar of Magdalen College, Cambridge, 1871 ; B.A. 1875, M.A. 1S78; inspector 

of schools for the diocese of Newcastle ; and honoi-ary canon of Newcastle. 

' Randal, State of the Churches. 

- Bishop Kellawe's Register, vol. i. p. 291. 

' Ibid. vol. i. p. 296. 

' Ibid. vol. ii. p. 716. 

^ Reg. II. Eccles. Diuiebn. p. 98; Rev. John 

Hodgson's Collection. 
' Northtimberland Assize Roll, 18-22 Edw. III. 
^ Dur. Treas, Misc. Documents, No. 241. 
' Ibid. 1^°- 1^"" Spec. No. 13. 
° Ibid. Misc. Doc. No. 1083. 
'° Ibid. Misc. Doc. No. 243. 
" Eccl. Free, of Bishop Barnes, p. xxii. 
'^ Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 2,750. 
" Eccl. Proc. Bishop Barnes, p. 30. 
'••' Ibid. p. 71. 

'* Public Record Office; Liber Institulionuin. 
" Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. Nos. 3,271, 3,291. 
" Calamy, Ejected or Silenced Ministers, second 

edition (1713), vol. ii. p. 518. Continuation 

(1727), vol. ii. p. 684. 

" Register of Bywell St. Peter. 

'"M.I., Bywell St. Peter. 

■° Surtees Durham, vol. iv. pt. ii. pp. 41 and 45. 

■' Nez^'castle Courant, i6th January, 1773. 

'" Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. 

p. 362. 
-' Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart., No. 5,833. 
" Register of Bywell St. Andrew. 
■■' M.I. Bywell St. Andrew. 
-'' Uvingham Registers. 
-' Durham Cathedral Register. 
'"' Canon Raine's Notes from Durham Records. 
•» Dur. Treas. 4"' 3"'"" Sacr. No. 26. 
"Ibid. Ibid. No. 31. 
" Ibid. Ibid. No. 32. 
'-' Ibid. Ibid. No. 32. 
"•' Ibid. Ibid. No. 32. 
*' Bishoji Kellawe's Register, vol iii. p. 435. 


The parish register as now existing begins in 1663. The following 
notices are extracted as specimens : 

Bywell St. Peter's Register. 

Anthonius filius Nicholai Andrew de Kipperlin, baptised. 

Georgius filius Cuthberti Siuetis, baptised. 

Johannes Feuster de Frammagate in civitate Dunelmi et Elizabetlia Raw dc eadem, 

Johannes Newton and Eli. Newton, married. 
Willelmus filius Willelmi Suertis de Whittonstall, baptised. 
Joseph filius Lanceloti Newton et Sarah filia ejus gemelli, baptised. 
Robertus Burrell et Anna Newton, married. 
Arthurius filius Gilberti Newton de Ridley mola, baptised. 
Barbara et Elizabetha gemelli Jo. Nwton (sic), baptised. 
Leonardus Bate de Brumley, buried. 
Willelmus Suertis de High Fotherley, buried. 
Willelmus Bate et Dorothea Davison, married. 

Robertus et Willelmus gemelli Robert! Newton de Stoxfield, buried. 
Jenkin Newton and Mary Smith, married. 
George Surtis and Margery Bell, married. 
William Bate and Elizabeth Taylor, married. 
Jane, daughter of Mr. Ralph Delaval, baptised. 
Ralph Seymor of Rochelfoot, buried, aged io6 as is reported. 
Mr. Robert Greenwell of Lamesley and Mrs. Phillis Awbony of .All Saints, Newcastle, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ogle of .\pperley, buried. 

Anthony Surtees of Hedley Wood-head and .Ann Hunible of Whittonstall, married. 
Anthony Dodd of the parish of Ryton and Isabel Humble of Whittonstall, married. 
Michael Greenwell, parish of Corbridge, and Ann Milburn of this parish, married. 
Thomas Bates, parish of Ovingham, and Barbara Willey of Whittonstall, married. 


1282. There was a suit before the Official of the bishop between the prior and convent of Durham 
acting on behalf of the church of Bywell St. Peter, and John de Baliolo, lord Castle Barnard, the 
tithes of the water mill and of the fishery within the limits of the parish not having been paid for a 
long time. It was brought before the commissary (Richard Stanhope being Baliol's proctor) in the 
Galilee at Durham on Tuesday after the Ascension, 1282. The prior and convent obtained a decree. 
Seal oval, ij in. by " in. A man standing to the left in front of a tree : at the foot of the tree a pig. 
^ SVSCIPE : GILBERTUM: VIRGO ' MARIA TVVM : (A seal used by Gilbert de Suthayk, commissary of 
the bishop.) Ditr. Treas. 4'" 2,"""' Sacr. No. 34. 

In an undated document of the fourteenth century, the sacrist of Durham petitions the proctor of the 
same church before the official against William Carse for the restitution of the tithes of Bywell St. 
Peter. Dnr. Treas. 4'" 3''"'' Sacr. No. 29. 

The following judgment pronounced in 1315 with regard to the rights of the monastery of Durham, 
through their church of Byw-ell St. Peter, in Shildon moor, though of somewhat curious Latinity and 
filled with a great amount of technical verbiage, possesses so much interest as to warrant its being 
given in full. 'Acta in Galilea Dunelm. die Jovis pro.xima ante festum S. Marci Ewang. Anno Dni. 
m.ccc.xv. coram nobis Dni. Dunolm. Epi. officiali in causa decimarum dudum mota coram nobis 

1663, Aug. 


1664, April 


1664, May 


1664, July 


1665, Nov. 


1665, May 


1665, June 


1665/6, Mar. 


1666/7, Jan. 


1667, Aug. 


1667/8, Mar, 

, 21. 

1669, Nov. 


1671/2, Jan. 


1676, June 


1676, Nov. 


1677, Nov. 


1677, Dec. 


1703/4, Mar 


1707/8, Feb. 


1 70S, Dec. 


1 73 1, Aug. 


i738/9> Jan. 


1742, June 

1743. May 



inter religiosos viros priorem el conv. Ecclesiae Dunolm. ecclesiam parochialciii de liywclle Petr 
Dunoliii. dioc. in usus proprios canonice optinentes actores per Adam de Leycestre clericum 
procuratoreni suum legitime conslitutum ex parte una et Willelmum .'\yrik de Corbrige reum per 
Johanneni Belle procuratoicm suum legitime constitutum ex altera comparentes ac diucius ventilata 
viz. cum constaiet nobis partes ipsas dictos diem et locum habere legitime coram nobis ad audiendam 
diffinitivam sentenciam in causa memorata rimato processu in eo babito et super eo cum jurispeiitis 
dcliberatione habita pleniorl ad sentenciam in cadem causa procedimus in hunc moduni. In Dei 
nomine .\men. Auditis et intellectis meritis causae deciniarum quae vertitur coram nobis Dni. Dunolm. 
Epi. officiali inter religiosos viros priorem et conventum ecclesiae Uunolm. ecclesiam de Bywelle Petri 
Dunolm. dioc. in proprios usus canonice optinentes actores per Adam de Leycestre procurat. suum 
ex parte una et Willelmum Ayrik de Corbrige reum per Johannem Belle proc. suum ex altera 
comparentes dato libello verboruni subscriptorum seriem continente coram vobis Dne judex dico et in 
jure propono ego procurator relig. virorum prions et conv. monasterii Dunolm. ecclesiam parochialem 
de Bywelle Petri in proprios usus optinencium nomine procuratorio pro eisdem contra Willelmum .Ayrik 
de Corbrige et contra quemlibet legitime intervenientem in judicio pro eodem quod licet percepcio 
decimarum tam majorum quam minorum de quibuscumque rebus infra parochiam ecclesiae praed. 
existentibus et praesertim de animalibus se ibidem decubantibus et depascentibus proveniencium ac 
decimae ipsae ad ipsam ecclesiam parochialem et ad dominos meos praed. nomine ejusdem ecclesiae 
pertineant et pertinere ac spectare notorie dinoscantur praefatusque Willelmus trecentas oves infra 
dictam parochiam per tres annos continuos pascentes et decubantes optinuisset quarum decima lanae 
ad dictam ecclesiam parochialem et ad dominos meos praed. ejusdem ecclesiae nomine ut praeinittatur 
spectare et pertinere notorie dinoscitur fueruntque dicti domini mei in possessione vel quasi jure hujus 
deciinas percipiendi nomine quo supra per tempus et a tempore cujus principii memoria non existit 
notorie et inconcusse dictus tamen Willelmus decimam lanae praed. quam facio et estimo singulis 
annis ad xv. solidos argenti per tres annos continuos proximos jam elapsos praefatae ecclesiae et 
dommis meis praed. maliciose et injuste detinuit et subtraxit ac eciam de eadem decima vel ejus 
estimacione satisfacere recusabit et adhuc recusat legitime requiritus dominos meos praed. et ecclesiam 
suam praefatam possessione sua \el quasi suprascripta temere spoliando in animae suae periculum 
dictorum doininorum meorum et ecclesiae suae praed. praejudicium dampnum non modicum et gravamen. 
Quare peto ego procurator antedictus nomine quo supra probatis in hac parte probandis dictas decimas et 
earum percepcionem ad ecclesiam parochialem praed. et ad dominos meos praed. ejus nomine spectare ac 
pertinere debere et eciam pertinere per vos Dne judex sentencialiter et dififinitive pronunciari et declarari 
ipsosque dominos meos et ecclesiam suam praed. ad statum pristinum percipiend' dictas decimas 
restitui et reduci ac ipsum Willelmum in supradicta decima per tres annos ut praedicitur detenta atque 
subtracta si exstat alioquin in ejus estitnacione praedicta condempnari condempnatumque ad solucionem 
per vos canonice compelli justiciam in omnibus dictis dominis meis et mihi eorum nomine fieri et 
exhiberi praemissa propono et peto nomine quo supra divisim seu conjunctim offerens me ad ea solum- 
modo probanda quae dominis meis et mihi eorum nomine sufficere poterunt ad id quod intendo petens 
ut quatenus probavero eatenus optineam juris beneficio in omnibus semper salvo. Licet ad eundem 
libellum verbis negatviis legitime contestata per partem ream dicentem narrata prout narrantur vera 
non esse et ideo petita prout petuntur fieri non debere juramento secundum qualitatem et naturam 
negocii hinc inde praestito traditis posicionibus et responsionibus habitis ad easdem productis testibus 
juratis et eoruin dictis seu depositionibus publicatis et nonullis instrumentis et munimentis exhibitis 
datisque terminis ad dicendum in testes et eorum dicta ac contra instrumenta et munimenta hujus 
necnon ad proponenda omnia in facto consistencia et demuni concluso in causa jurisque ordine qui in hoc 
casu requiritur per omnia observato. Quia nos oflicialis praed. invenimus praefatos religiosos intencionem 
suam m judicio deduciam et specialiter Blakedenburne prout se extendit ad locum ilium qui dicilur le 
Swyncoteleche et ex hinc versus le Standindestane ex parte occidentali de Nicholesheued sequendo le 
Merkedyke usque ad murum qui vulgariter dicitur murus Pietorum fore limites parochiae de Bywelle 
Petri a parochiae ecclesiae de Corbrige distinguentes ac loca ilia quae vocantur Schillingdonlawes et 
Motelawes infra parochiam praed. ecclesiae de Bywelle Petri notorie existere necnon dictum Willelmum 


animalia sua prout in libello praefato plenius continetur pavisse in locis eisdem suiScienter et legitime 
probavisse jus percipiendi omnes decimas infra limites ipsius parochiae de Bywelle Petri et praeserlim 
in locis de Schillingdonlawes et Motelawes ac omnibus aliis locis infra dictos limites existentibus qualiter- 
cumque provenientes et earum percepcionem ad sepedictani ecclesiam de Bywelle Petri et ad eosdem 
religiosos ejus nomine pertinere debere et eciam pertinere in hiis scriptis sententialiter et dififinitive 
pronunciamus et eciam declaramus eosdemque religiosos ad possessionem suam pristinam percipiendi 
decimas hujus restituimus et statum suum percipiendi eas eisdem plenarie reformamus dictumque 
Willelmum in decima lanae subtracta ut praemittitur si extet alioquin in ejus estimacione praed. et ad 
solvendam decimam de animalibus suis ibidem depascentibus et cubantibus in futurum necnon in 
expensis quarum taxacionem nostro reservamus arbitrio condempnamus. Acta et data die loco et 
anno supra dictis. Dur. Treas. 2''" 2''"' Spec. No. 12. Seal of the officiality attached, pointed oval, 2 in. 
by l^ in. The Annunciation, beneath a half-figure praying. >^ sigillvm : OFFICI.-VLITATIS : DONELMIE. 

1418. The prior and convent of Durham obtained a sentence in their favour against the abbot and 
convent of Blanchland for the tithe of wool in Fawderley, Heley-moor, and Baliwode, in the parish of 
Bywell St. Peter. Dur. Treas. 4'" y^"^' Sacr. No. 5. 4"' 3""° Sacr. No. 6 is another copy of 2''" 2''" Spec. 
No. 12 (1315), but has William Yonge de Corbrige in place of William Ayrik, as a duplicate of No. 
12 also has. To 4'" 3""° Sacr. No. 5 the seal of the officiality is attached, pointed oval, i^ in. by i§ in. 
Annunciation, beneath half figure praying, full face. ^ SIGILLV : OFFICI.alit.\tiS : DUNELME. It is a 
different seal from the preceding one. 

1552. Inventory of church goods, Bywell Petter. Tovve vestments, iii alter clothes, one pare of 
latten sensers, one lytell belle, ii belles in the stepell, one hally watter pott of brase, one challes of tene, 
ii suppleses, ii candelstekes of brasse, one hand bell. 

One challes of silver, gilte, viii ounces ; one tene challes, ii small belles in the stepell, one coppe, 
ii vestmentes, one albe, ii candelstykes of tynne, one crewed of tene. Inv. of Church Goods, Page, p. 165. 
Surt. Soc. No. 97. 

1665, August. The collection ordered to be made for people infected with the plague and pestilence 
at Bywell Peter produced 3s. gd. Mick. MS. xx. 23 

1666, October loth. On the fast day ordered by royal proclamation, the collection made at Bywell 
St. Peter for the sufferers in the Great Fire of London produced Ss. loid. Mick. MSS. xx. 12. 

1685, June 5th. Whereas ye 24 and churchwardens of Bywell St. Peter had a sumuns to meet this 
day, now so many of them as did meet have agreed to lay on a sess, viz., 6d. per plow thro' the parish, 
and do hereby lay on ye said sess, etc. Churchwardens' Books. 

1685, June 9th. Roge money, 2s. 6d. ; for fox heads, one old and ye other young, is. 6d. Ibid. 

1688, December 13th. Dame Elizabeth Radcliffe, by her will of this date, gave £4 per annum to the 
poor of the parish of Bywell, especially of Newlands and Whittonstall. This is paid out of Nafferton 
estate. Reports of the Commissioners to enquire concerning Charities, 1819-1837. 

1691, May 9th. We present John Richley for grinding corn on the Lord's day. Archdeacon's 
Minute Book. 

1693/4, February i6th. Joseph Teasdale of Broomley, by will of this date, gave 20s. per annum to 
the poor of Bywell St. Peter, to be paid out of his lands in Broomley. Reports of the Commissioners to 
enquire concerning Charities, 1819-1831. 

1695, May 14th. Agreed then, that two cesses of 6d. per plough be laid on the parish for paving the 
floor of the church, and making it plain and even ; the one to be gathered on ye 24th of June, the other 
to be gather'd on ye 29th June. Churchwardens' Books. 

1706, December 21st. Paid for one brock and one fovvmert's head, 8d. ; for a table cloth for ye 
Communion table, viz., a green carpet, 8s. ; for dying ye said carpet and making it, 3s. 6d. ; for fulling it 
and wooll for ye cushion, 2s. 3d. Ibid. 

171 1, August 13th. Paid then to John Bacon, esq., £11 i8s. 3d., due to him for twenty pigs of lead 
us'd in repairing ye roof of ye s'' parish church. Ibid. 

1715, April i8th. Paid for mending ye king's coat of arms in ye church, is. Ibid. 

1 7 16, November 12th. Brief for ye reformed episcopal churches in Great Poland and Polish 
Prussia, 5s. Ibid. 


1 7 19. The foUowinj,- petition of the minister, churchwardens, and overseers of tlie poor of the parish 
of St. Peter's in By well, was presented to the Midsummer Court of Quarter Sessions. 

'That your peticoners parish is so very large and populous, and has so great a number of poor that 
it's not possible for two churchwardens and two overseers to do the business of the parish. 
^'our peticoners, therefore, humbly pray that your worships will be pleased to grant them an 
order to divide their parish into four parts by the name of Bywell ward, Newton ward, New 
Ridley Grieveship, and the Far Quarter, and to oblige each division to returne one church- 
warden and one overseer, and to maintain the poor within their own district according to the 
law in such case made and provided.' Nicholas Lawson for Bywell ward ; .\braham Jopling 
for Newton ward ; Walker Surtees for New Ridley grieveship ; and William Elrington for 
Far Quarter, churchwardens. Sessions Records. 
1721, December 21st. Paid for a proclamation and a form of prayer for a general fast on ye 16th 
day of December, 1720, to preserve us from ye plague. Churchwardens' Books. 

1740. Thomas Rawe, by his will, gave Js. a year to the poor, to be paid out of his lands in Old 
Ridley. Reports of the Commissioners to enquire concerning Charities, 1819-1837. 

1812, December 21st. Ordered that a pair of stocks be purchased and fi.xed in a proper place at the 
expence of the two parishes. Churchwardens^ Books. 

1815, December 21st. Ordered that £^ be advanced for a boat, to be free to all people going to 
church, one third to be paid by St. Andrew's parish. Ibid. 

1848. Enrolment of a deed granting two pieces of land for the enlargement of the churchyard 
of Bywell St. Peter, ^znd Report 0/ Deputy Keeper of Public Records, vol. ii. app. ii. p. 108. 


The township of Acomb, or East Acomb, as it is very generally called in 
order to distinguish it from a place of the same name situated in the regality 
of He.xham, comprises 435 acres/ and in 1891 had a population of 30.^ 

An original member of the barony of Baliol,^ Akom was occupied, in 
1268, by four and a half bondage tenants (dondi), each of whom held 36 
acres of Sir John de Baliol, and paid i8s. yearly, in all, _^4 is. od. In 
addition to this there were thirty acres, which the lord had purchased 
from a certain freeman of his, leased to Uttred de Akum at 15s. yearly, 
and 75 acres of the same land held by Richard ' frerreman ' at 5s. The 
same Richard, and Walter de Prudhow held 12 acres, and paid a free rent of 
8d. Adam Tyew held a cottage and 6 acres, for which he paid 3s. a year. 
There was also a piece of pasture land which was farmed to the township 
of Welteden (Welten) in perpetuity, at the yearly rent of 13s. 4d. The 

' In 1887, by an order of the Local Government Board, a detached portion of East Acomb, 
comprising about 31 acres was added to the township of Newton-hall, and the remainder of the township 
was annexed to and absorbed in the township of Bywell. 

- The Census Returns are : 1801, 23 ; 1811, 42 : 1821,51; 1831, 36 ; 1841, 37 ; 1851,53; 1861,62; 
1871, 68 ; 1881, 56 ; 1891, 30. The census return for 1901 is included in that of Bywell. 

' Testa de NevtU, Record Series, p. 385. 


total value of the vill was _^5 i8s. od.' In an extent, taken only three 
years later, the particular items are slightly different, for two bondmen held 
36 acres apiece and paid i8s. yearly, 5 bondmen held 18 acres apiece and 
paid 9s., and one bondman held a toft and 6 acres, and paid 3s. Certain 
farmers held 30 acres at the will of the lord, and together paid 15s. 
Richard, son of Avice, and Walter de Prudhowe, jointly held a toft 
and 26 acres of land, and paid yearly 5s. lod. The sum of the whole 
farm of Akom was _^5 4s. lod.^ 

AcuM Subsidy 






Summa bonorum Petri filii Scyref 

I 3 






Robert! filii Willelmi 

1 7 





Hugonis filii Roberti... 

2 1 1 



Roger! de Acum 

I 2 





Thomae filii Hugonis 

2 6 




Roberti praepositi 

2 19 




Summa hujus villae, ^ii 9s. 6d. Unde domino regi, 20s. lOjd. (sic). 

AcoM Subsidy Roll, 1336. 
Utredus de Acome, 4s. ; Walterus de Acorn, 3s. ; Robertus Gynour, 2s. 4d. ; Summa, gs. 4d. 

Little is known of the history of Acomb during the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries. In 14 14 William Lowry held a tenement and 18 acres 
of land in Acom, and paid a free rent of I2d. 

Tenants in Acomb, 1414.' 

Messu- Acres of „ Messu- Acres of 

age. lacd. R^"'' age. land. R*^"'- 

Johannes del Bate i ... 36 ... los. Alanus Richerdson i ... 36 ... los. 

Johannes Raw ... ... i ... 36 ... 10s. Alanus Acome ... ... ii ^ ( 5s. 

Johannes liateetJohannesRavv i ... 36 ... los. , idem Alanus I' "" "^ " ' '°s- 

Summa, 56s. 

In 1525 the grange of Acom was held, at the lord's will, of the earl of 
Westmorland, by Richard Weldon, who paid £2 yearly.' 

Stellvn and Acam Muster Roll, 1538.'' 

Rolland Hyne, Thomas Laydlay, Robert Heryngton, Thomas Hyne, Jarrat Colle, Willm. Davison; 
able with hors and harnes. 

' Inq. p.m. John de Baliolo, 53 Hen. III. No. 43; inquisition taken at Bywell, 12th November, 1268; 
cf. Cat. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 499. 

- Inq. p.m. Hug. de Balliol, 55 Hen. III. No. 22- 

' P. R. O. Rentals and Surveys, portfolio ^■{. ' Arch. Act. new series, vol. i. p. 133. 

Arch. Ael. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 178. 



At the period of the earl of Westmorland's attainder in 1569, there were 
no free tenants in the township, but five out of six tenants held their 
tenements by lease, and the pasture which, in 1268, was stated to be granted 
to the township of Welton in perpetuity, seems, at this time, to have been 
held by Bearle. 


Gilbert Swynbourne 

Tenants in Acom 


I tenement, with buildings, gardens, 
arable, meadow, and pasture land, 
common of pasture, &c. 






Certain years 



Lease dated 15th Aug., 




Lease dated 24th Aug., 




Certain years 



Certain years 



At the lord's will ... 



Thomas Davyson, sen. „ „ 

Thomas Davyson,jun. „ „ 

Matthew Foster ... „ „ 

William Lomley ... „ „ 

Edward Hall 

John Swynborne The water corn mills called Bywell 

mylles, &c., and all the free fishing of 

the Tyne in the lordships of Bywell 

and Bulbeck ; as farmer he is to do all 

repairs to the mills and mill pond ... 
The tenants and inhabitants of Berl for liberty on the common of Acam and Bywell, with 
their animals, at all times of the year, by ancient custom 

By lease dated 27th March, 
1563, for a term of 57 

Sum ... £12, 12 I [sic) 

Edward Hall, who, in 1570, held his tenement by customary tenure 'at 
the lord's will,' was dead before 1608, when he was represented by George, 
son of William Hall, who, however, seems to have held but a fraction of a 
tenement, at the yearly rent of is. 8d. 


George Dobson 

William Hinde^ ... 
Richard Davison ... 
William Winshopp 
Cuthbert Davison... 
Robert VVhittfeild... 
Alexander Malburne 

Tenants holding by Le.\se in Acombe, 160S. 

Tenement. Former Tenant. 

... f Gilbert Swinburne .. 


Thomas Davison, his father 
Mathew Foster 
Thomas Davison ... 
William Lumley 
Thomas Farebeck ... 

By letters patent, 
granted 6th October, 
1602, for 21 years ... 

By lease e.xpired 

By letters patent, 
granted 2Sth June, 

Value beyond 
the Rent. 
i. s. 

George,sonof William Hall | ... ... 

All the tenants of Berle have common of pasture for their cattle all the yeere in 
the common of Bywell and Acombe by auncient custome, and payeth yerely 






£s 1= 


1 Hall and Humberston's Survey. - Haggat and Ward's Survey. 

' In 1603 Henry Hind took a lease from John Dobson of a quarter of a tenement called Acomb-hall ; 
and, in 1623, Henry Hynde, then of the Stelling, took a lease for 31 years from Sir Henry Fane, knight, 
of a tenement, garden, etc., in Acomb. Mr. T. H. Archer-Hind's Papers. 


On the 20th November, 1623, various tenements in Acomb were 
granted to Sir Henry Fane, knight, cofferer of the Prince of Wales, 
for a term of thirty-one years. The premises comprised a tenement, formerly 
in the tenure of Gilbert Swinburn, and then in that of George Dobson, of 
the yearly rent of 53s. 4d. ; a tenement formerly in the tenure of Thomas 
Davison, senior, and then in that of Richard Davison, at the rent of 
13s. 8^d. ; a tenement held by William Ainsley, at the rent of 13s. 8|d. ; 
and a tenement held by Cuthbert Davison, at the rent of 7s. i i^d.^ 

By letters patent dated 2nd June, 1625, lands in Acomb, parcel of the 
barony of Bywell, of the yearly rent of ;^i3 los. gd., were, together with 
other lands, granted to Edward Allen, Robert Ducie, George Whitmore, 
and other citizens of London, in part satisfaction of a debt of James I. to the 
city of London.^ Four years later, on the 15th September, 1629, a yearly 
free rent of i lb. of pepper from land in Acome and Newton, certain lands in 
Acome, in the tenure of the tenants by indenture, of the yearly rent of 
£5 9s. id., rents amounting to 3s. yearly, payable by the inhabitants of the 
vill of Berle for liberty to have their cattle on Acomb and Bywell common 
at all times of the year, by ancient custom beyond the memory of man, were 
granted to William White, William Steventon, and John Perkins, of London, 
gentlemen, at the request of Sir Allen Apsley, knight, one of the surveyors 
of victuals for the fleet, who had lent the king large sums of money. ^ From 
these, the grantees of the Crown, the whole township was shortly afterwards 
acquired by the Fenwicks of Bywell, and, in 1663, was rated to William 
Fenwick, esq., at £27 (sic) per annum for Acomb, and at £16 {sic) for 

AcoMBE Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665. 

William Dobson, Rowland Collingwood, Cuthbert Davison, Robert Hall and John Davison for one 
chimney each ; George Robinson not payable. 

Since that time Acomb has belonged to the successive owners of Bywell 
hall. It comprises the two valuable farms of East Acomb and South Acomb 
and their homesteads, together with some detached cottages. 

' Pat. Rolls, 21 James I. pt. i6. - Ibid. 5 Charles I. pt. 4. » Ibiii. 5 Charles I. pt. 9. 

* Book of Rates ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 2S6. 12th May, 1659, receipt from 
William Fenwick to Henry Hynde, of Stelling, for 20s. for half a year's rent of the fourth part of a 
farm at Akuni. 30th December, 1660, receipt from William fenwick to Oswald Hind for half a year's 
rent of Acorn hall. Mr. T. H. Archer-Hind's papers. 

Vol. VI. 16 



The township of Newton-hall, with an area of 710 acres,' is long in 
proportion to its breadth, and projects on the north-west into the parish of 
Stamfordham as far as East Matfen. The house, which is protected on the 
north and east by thriving plantations of forest timber, is within the 500 feet 
contour line. In the grounds is an observatory, or gazebo, erected by the 
late Mr. John Joicey, from which a view may be obtained from Woodhorn 
windmill in the north-east, to Gateshead fell in the east, and to the fells near 
Stanhope on the south. In 1901 the population was 153.^ 

An original member of the barony of Baliol, Newton-hall, under the 
description of East Newton, was granted about the middle of the twelfth 
century by Bernard de Baliol (died 1167) to Otwell de Insula (living 1168), 
the second member of the ancient family of de Insula or Lisle of Woodburn 
of whom anything is known.^ 

The grant was made at Bywell, and the charter is attested by Ralph de 
Gunwarton, Odonel and Jordan de Umframvill, Walter de Insula, and many 
others.^ Otwell de Insula, the grantee, was succeeded by his son, Robert de 
Insula, and he by his son, who had the same name as his grandfather. The 
second Otwell de Insula is stated in the Testa dc Nevill, about 1240, to hold 
East Newton of John de Baliol by the fourth part of a knight's fee of ancient 
feoflFment,' and in the inquisition taken on the 22nd October, 1250, after his 
death, it was found to be worth £'] 14s." Suit of court was rendered to the 
lord at Bywell every three weeks, at a yearly rent of 3s. ; and 3s. 4d. was 
paid for the castle ward of Newcastle.' 

' The area of the township was increased in 1S87 by order of the Local Government Board, dated 
20th December, 1886, by additions from adjoining parishes. 

* The Census Returns are: 1801, 107 ; 1811,95; 1821,89; 1831,84; 1841,95; 1851,106; 1861,73; 
1871, 109 ; 1881, 138 ; 1891, 149; 1901, 153. ' C/. vol. iv. of this work, p. 333. 

' Bemardus de Baill'., omnibus hominibus suis at amicis Francis et .^nglicis praesentibus et fuluris 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et hac carta mea confirmasse Othewero de Insula et heredibus suis Est 
Newton rectis metis: Tenendam a me et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate, in bosco et pl.ano in piatis 
et pasturis et in omnibus aliis sicut ipse earn tenui die in quo illi eam dedi et de ilia terra homagium suum 
recepi. Et si molendinum vult facere infra terram suam facial ; et insuper xl acras de dominico meo in 
Overtun' ; et has praedictas terras ei dedi pro excambiis de Blackeheddun solas et liberas et quietas, 
faciendo servitium de dimidia parte militis. Hiis testibus. Radulfo de Gunwartun, Radulfo filio 
Wielardi, Hingelramo de Dumares, Warino Traine, Jocelino de Hesilcurr, Odenello de Umframvill, 
Jurdano de Umframvill, Waltero de Insula, Willelmo filio Walteri, Ricardo Gifford, Juel de Colebrug, 
Salomone sacerdote de Biwell, Hugone Gifford, Waltero fratre ejus, Alano de Matfen, Willelmo clerico 
qui hanc cartam fecit apud Biwell. Lansdmvne MS. No. 326, folio 99; cf. Dodsiforth MS. 68, folio 19 
{ex cartis Roberti Lisle de Gosford et Feltoii, 1586). 

' Testa de Nevill, Record Series, p. 385. 

° Inq. p.m. Otwell de Insula, 34 Hen. III. No. ^i. ' Inq. p.m. 55 Hen. HI. No. 33. 



Sir Robert de Insula, knight, was stated to be 28 years of age, in 1250, when 
he succeeded his father Otwell. He made Newton-hall his principal residence, 
and obtained license from Hugh, prior of Durham, to have an oratory in his 
manor of Newton, and to have a chaplain to celebrate. The chaplain was 
to swear fidelity to the mother church of Bywell, to which all oblations and 
obventions offered in the oratory and collected by the chaplain were to be 
given. No injury was to be done in spiritual or temporal things to the mother, 
church, and, if injury was done to the amount of one penny, the chaplain was 
bound to notify it to the prior and convent. Sir Robert covenanted to oflfer 
yearly 6 lbs. of wax to the mother church on the feast day of the same 
church, on which day, and at the feasts of Christmas, the Purification, and 
Easter, he and his free family were to visit the mother church with oblations.^ 

Maneru de Neuton Subsidy 
Roll, 1296. 

Summa bonorum Domini 
Roberti de Insula, £<) 15s. 8d., 
unde regi iSs. gkl. 

Summa hujus patet. 

The tower of Newton 
is equal in size to Chip- 
chase and Cocklaw,^ and 
in plan, with its huge 
diagonal buttresses, re- 
sembles the tower of 
Edlingham, although it is 
much larger in area. It 
appears to have been 
built in the fourteenth 
century. The masonry is 
of good ashlar work, in 
courses which average 
twelve inches in thick- 
ness ; on the north and 
west sides it exists to a 
height of six or eight feet 



10 /=EEr 

n »MofVi^^. oBi^^ 

Newton Tower. 

' Dnr. Tran, 2"" 2'i"'' Spec. No. 11. Round seal, 2^ inches diameter. Shield, arms lion rampant. 
>i< S. ROBERTI DE INSVLA. Hugh [de Derlington] was prior of Durham 1258-1272, and again 
1285-1289. ■' Cf. vol. iv. pp. 182, 324. 


above the ground level. The basement chamber is 31 feet in length, 
enclosed by a wall nine to ten feet in thickness, strengthened at the angles 
by huge buttresses set diagonal-wise. The entrance has been on the south 
or east side. At A on the plan is a chamfered jamb stone, and near it is 
what appears to have been a step, possibly the remnant of a mural staircase 
arranged in the east wall. The north-west buttress has been occupied by 
a garde-robe ; the lower portion of the shaft still remains. In the north 
wall there is part of a splayed base course. A draw-well, stated to be 
thirty feet deep,' is in the centre of the floor. 

The place having thus become one of the principal residences of the 
Lisles,- Newton-hall is frequently named in documents dealing with the 
family estates during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.* It was given by 
Sir Humphrey Lisle, in 1505, as a marriage portion, with his sister Elizabeth 
to William Hayning.* They seem to have died without issue, for the place 
occurs in the enumeration of estates in the inquisition taken at Rothbury on 
the 17th November, 15 16, after the death of Sir Humphrey Lisle, who died 
on July 30th of that year. 

Sir Humphrey Lisle's son. Sir William Lisle, having been attainted for 
rebellion, his estates were seized by the Crown. By an inquisition taken 
November 25th, 1529,* it was found that he was seised in his demesne 
as of fee of the manor of Newton-hall, and of 8 messuages, 100 acres of land, 
200 acres of pasture, and 100 acres of meadow in the same vill, of the clear 
yearly value of ^13 6s. 8d. It is stated that a rent charge of ;^^I2 secured 
upon s messuages, 40 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, and 100 acres of 

' Ex. inf. Mr. John Scott at Newton-hall, March, igoi. 

= Haii. MS. 2101, fol. 245, etc. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 169. 

' March 12th, 145 1. Johannes Swynburn dedit Thomae Lyle armigero manerium et dominium de 
Newton-hall, cum pert., et omnes terras quas habet ex dono dicti Thomae in villis de Berle, Est Matfen, 
Thornton, Callerton, Haukewell, Kirkherle, in com. Northumbriae. Ac etiam omnes terras quas habet ex 
dono pra'edicti Thomae in Wodeburn, etc. Habend. dicto Thomae ad vitam, rev. Roberto Lysle, 
arm. et hered. masculis de corpore, reversion to William Lysle, brother of the said Robert, then to Roger 
Lvsle, brother of the said William, then to Thomas Lysle, brother of the said Robert, William and 
Roarer with remainder to Thomas Lvsle, esquire. Datum apud Newcastle in festo Sancti Gregorii, 1450, 
cf. "Lansdoi.'ue MS. Ex cartis Lyell 'of Felton. Dodsworth MS. No. 49, fol. 346 and No. 68, fol. 17b; 
29 Hen. VI. No. 346, folio 24. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, 'T,' p. 11, and 'X,' p. 221. 

' Omnibus Humphridus Lisle miles dedisse Willelmo Hayning, Roberto Lisle, 

Radulpho Lisle, clerico, Radulpho Wicliffe, Nich. Bellingham, Radulpho domino Ogle et Radulpho Bowes 
mil. manerium meum de Newton-hall, co. Northumb. Habend. ad. usum dicti Willelmi Hayning^ et 
Elizabethae Lisle sororis meae et hered. suorum post decessum meum, 9 November, 21 Hen. VII. 
(1505). Arms : paly of three impaling ermine, a lion rampant. Harl. MS. 2101. Hodgson, Northumberland, 
pt. ii. vol. i. p. 170. 

'' Inquisition after the attainder of Sir William Lisle, knight, taken November 2Sth, 21 Hen. VIII. 
Greenwich Hospital Papers. 


pasture had been granted to Thomas Lisle, son of Sir Humphrey, by a deed 
dated January 4th, 15 13/4; and a rent charge of £2, partly secured on 
Newton-hall, had been granted October 26th, 15 18, to Sir William Lisle's 
servant, Henry Lake.^ 

Newton-hall remained in the hands of the Crown until 1536, when, by 
letters patent dated August 23rd, the manors of Felton, Gosforth, 
Newton-hall, Berle, Hawkwell, Woodburn, and Thornton, with lands in 
various parts of the county, were granted to Sir Humphrey Lisle, knight, 
serviens nosier (son of Sir William Lisle, attainted), to hold of the king 
in chief by the service of one knight's fee.' 

Newton-hall Muster Roll, 1538. 
Hew Brown, Thomas Shaplay, Roger Usher, John Davison, Thomas Taylor, Thomas Blakatave; 
able with horse and harnes.' 

The estate must have been sold almost immediately, for Sir Reginald 
Carnaby, who died on the 20th July, 1547, seised of the village of Newton- 
hall held of the king by knight's service, had granted, by a deed dated 
February ist, 1537/8, to his brother, Thomas Carnaby, and Anne, his wife, 
a life interest in three messuages lately in the tenure of Robert Eshett, 
Thomas Clerke, and John Blackett.^ 

Sir Reginald Carnaby left three daughters, co-heiresses : Catherine, wife 
of Cuthbert, Lord Ogle ; Ursula, wife first of Edward Widdrington, and 
subsequently of Thomas Musgrave ; and Mabel, wife of George Lawson. 

On June 18th, 1600, Thomas Musgrave and Ursula his wife, conveyed 
one-third of Newton-hall to Roger Widdrington, esq., second son of the 
said Ursula by her first husband, as a provision on his marriage with Mary, 
daughter of Francis Radclifte of Dilston ; he afterwards seems to have 
effected an exchange with his father-in-law.* On the 28th July, 1605, Mabel 
Lawson, then a widow, settled her share of Newton-hall upon her fourth son, 
Edward Lawson, who, on the gth June, 16 13, in consideration of ^'180, 

' Inquisition after the attainder of Sir William Lisle, knight, taken November 25th, 21 Hen. VIII. 
Greenwich Hospital Papers. 

- Dated at Berechiirch, 23rd August, 1536. Pat. Rolls, 28 Hen. VIII. part 4, memb. 24; cf. Letters 
and Papers, 28 Henry VIII. (1536) vol. xi. p. 157. 

" Arch. Ael. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 177. There are two returns ; the other comprises the names of Hew 
Brown, Thomas Clerk, John Davison, Christofer Davison, Ranald Uscher; able with horse and harness. 

' Inq. p.m. Sir Reginald Carnaby, 36 Hen. VIII. taken 8th January, 1554/5. In spite of the 
alienation to the Carnabys, the Lisles would seem to have retained some undefined or shadowy interest 
in the place, for, in 1624, James Maxwell obtained a lease of Felton, Thornton, Newton-hall, and 
Gosforth, late in the possession of Sir William Lisle, attainted. Cal. S.T.D. 1623-1625, p. 149. 

^ Newton-hall Deeds, Greenwich Hospital Papers. 


conveyed the same to trustees for the use of Cuthbert Radchffe, fourth 
son of Francis Radcliffe of Dilston.' In this way, Sir Edward Radclifle 
became possessed of the two third parts of the township, for which he was 
rated in 1663. 

In 164^, Henry Hinde, William Browne, Anthony Hunter, and Matthew 
Colestone," tenants of the Radcliffe lands in Newton-hall, in a petition 
addressed to the commissioners of the 'court of parliament,' state that, at 
Candlemas last, their hay, corn, horses, sheep, and beasts, were violently 
taken from there by the Scottish army, whose ' traine of artillery lay in our 
poore steede five days and six nightes.' * 

The third part of Newton-hall, which was acquired by Cuthbert, Lord 
Ogle, by his marriage with Catherine Carnaby, was forfeited to the common- 
wealth for the delinquency of his descendant, William Cavendish, earl of 
Newcastle, and was purchased from the trustees for the sale of forfeited 
estates on March 5th, 1653, by Matthew Newton of Newcastle, merchant, 
and Charles Newton of Elswick, gent.,' who apparently acted in the 
transaction for the earl, who, as marquess of Newcastle, was rated for lands 
at Newton-hall in 1663. It continued to form part of the Ogle, or Bothal 
Castle, estates until 1789,'^ when it was sold by the duke of Portland for 
^3,000 to Robert Jobling, whose family had been, for some generations, 
principal tenants in the township.* 

' Newton-hall Deeds, Greenwich Hospital Papers. 

■ Newton-hall Subsidy or Health Tax Roll, 1665. Mathew Cowleson, John Hunter, Peter Jobling, 
William Hunter, each one chimney; John Browne, Tho. Browne, William Browne, George Yonger, 
William Haidley, not payable. 

Matthew Coulson was the father of an Anthony Coulson, who in 1 65 1 purchased Forster's close, 
in Bywell, from Sir Edward Radcliffe, and grandfather of Matthew Coulson, who sold the same holding 
about 1700 to Michael Spain of Corbridge; cf. Hinde Papers. Arch. Acl. new series, vol. ii. p. 127. 

' Arch. Ael. new series, vol. ii. p. 133. 

* Cal. Com. for Comp. Cases, pp. 1734, 1737. Matthew and Charles Newton, by lease dated 4th 
February, 1652/3, demised the third part of the town of Newton-hall to Henry Hinde of Stelling, at the 
yearly rent of ;f23 los. Mr. T. H. Archer-Hind's Papers. 

* The conveyance is dated 24th and 25th February, 1789. .Mr. John Joicey's Trustees' Papers. 

' 8th April, 1697. Lease from Edward, earl of Derwentwater, to Robert Jobling and Abraham 
Jobling, of two farmholds in Newton-hall, then in their occupation, to hold for 21 years at a rent of ;f40. 
Newton-hall Deeds. Greenwich Hospital Papers. 




AnRAHAM JOBLiNG took a new lease of a tenement at Newton-hall 8th April, 1697 ; 
buried I2th November, 1734 («). 

John Jobling, sometime of Shawhouse, Broxbushes, and Newton Hall ; 
in 1748 voted for freehold at Newton Fell house ; died gth 
November, 1759, aged 75 (/<) ; wi'l dated 15th f^'ebruary, 1759; 
proved 14th July, 1760 (</). 

Alice , died at Halton Shields 

(a) 17th April. 1767, aged 84 ((i) ; 
will dated 22nd April, 1761, proved 
1767 W. 

John Jobling, = Barbara, only child 

of Newton- 

hall ; 







71 W 

of John Cresswell of 
Haughton, in the 
parish of Heddon ; 
born Feb., 1728 ; 
mar. June, 1749 ; 
died 25th .'\pril, 
1800 ; aged 72 

Wm. Jobling 
of Brocks- 
bushes; died 
5th April, 
1793 ; aged 
70 W (/')• 

Anne, daughter of 
Thos. Reed of 
Aydon; baptised 
at Corbridge, 
I2th Feb., 1712 ; 
died loth Feb., 
179S ; aged 85 

I .11. 
Abraham Jobling married George 

of Hexham, tan- 
ner; will dated 
31st January, 
1757; proved at 
York, 4th July, 

Green of Styford. 

Mary, married Wm. 
Hunter of Halton 

John Jobling of = [Mary Sur- 
Hordon, in \ teesofHop- 

the parish of 
Easington ; 
born 15th 
May, 1750 
(/) ; named 
in his grand- 
father's will. 

pyland and 
Hamsterley. ] 

Robert Jobling of: 
Newcastle, wine 
merchant, and 
of Newton-hall ; 
born 1 6th Octo- 
ber, 175 1 ; died 
1 8th October, 
1820 ; aged 69 
(;)(^); will dated 
^1 22nd Jan., 1818. 

I I I I 
John Jobling [born 26th May, 1781 ; living 1805 ; 

buried St. Nicholas, Newcastle]. 
Cresswell Jobling. 
Edward Greenwell Jobling of Cramlington ; died 23rd 

May, 1848 (c) ; aged 55 years. ^ 
Anne [married 1st, ... Shafto of Durham, and 2nd, 

Philip Laing of Deptford]. 

Margaret, dau. and 
co-heir of Edmund 
Hannay of Blyth 
and Cowpen ; mar. 
at Earsdon, March, 
1792; died nth Jan., 
1834; aged 70(0. 

William Jobling of 
Newton-hall ; born 
14th Jan., 1756 (/); 
died 24th Jan., 1810, 
aged 54(/'); an agent 
of Greenwich Hos- 
pital Commissioners. 

= Elizabeth, dau. 
'^ of John Black- 

ett of Wylam ; 

mar. at Oving- 

ham, Aug.1787; 

died 14th Aug., 

1 I I I I 
Cresswell Jobling of Newcastle; born 2nd March, 1759 (/) ; 

died 25th September, 1835 (/i) («•). 
Abraham Jobling, born 5th August, 1762 (/) ; died gth March, 

1763 m («). 
Elizabeth, born 19th September, 1753 {/) ; died 7th May, 

1758 ; aged 4 years (/>). 
Christian, born 25th December, 1757 (/) ; married her 

cousin, Thomas Jobling of Styford. 
Elizabeth, born 30th August, 1765 (/) ; married her cousin, 

Thomas Jobling of Styford. 

Edmund Job- John Cresswell Jobling of Newton-hall ; 
ling, son and born gth April, 1794; educated at 
heir ; born Harrow ; of University Coll. Oxon., 
1792 ; matric. 19th March, 1812, aged 17 ; 
May, B. A. 1815 ; admitted at Lincoln's Inn 
1813 ; Captain Commandant of the 
Bywell Volunteer Yeomanry Cavalry, 
and Chairman of Quarter Sessions ; 
died, unmarried, at Belsay, 2nd .Aug., 
1858; aged 64 (f). 


Robert Jobling, a 
Capt. E.LC.S.; 

afterwards Ship- 
ping Master at 
Newcastle; born 
August, 1803 ; 
died at New- 
castle, 2nd Oct., 

Helen Kandiana, daughter 
of Major Lockyer of Sid- 
ney, N.S.W., Sergeant- 
at-arms ; born at Ceylon ; 
married May, 1835 ; she 
married 2nd, G. H. Stace, 
Governor of Maitland 
Prison, and died at East 
Maitland, 23rd April, 

I I 

Barbara, born 
June, 1796 ; 
died unmar. 
at Belsay, 
1 6th Febru- 
ary, 1855 (0. 

Mary Hannay, 
born iSoo ; 
died 1803. 

Robert John Cresswell Jobling, born in London, April, 1836 ; 
living, 1900, at Sidney, N.S.W. 


Margaret Hannay Jobling, born at Calcutta, 
August, 1838 ; died in infancy. 

1st. Christian, daughter : 
of John Jobling of 
Newton-hall ; died 
nth Aug., 1804; 
aged 47 ((5). 

Thomas Jobling of : 
Styford, died at 
Hawkwell, 12th 
Aug., 1838; aged 
81 ie) (^). 

2nd. Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Jobling of New- 
ton-hall ; died March 
3rd, 1843, aged 79 (*). 

John Jobling of Hexham, so- 
licitor, named in his grand- 
father's will ; died 22nd 
June, I7g6 ; aged 39 (/5). 

Isabella, married Charles Tomlin of Scots-house. ^^ 

= Anne, sister of 
General Sir 
Martin Hunter 
of Medomsley 

4, (c) ; died 1809. 


William Jobling, of Newton = Anne, daughter of George Thomas Reed Jobling of Newcastle; John, died in childhood 
and Styford ; in 1S26 I Wilson of Alnwick ; mar- solicitor (c) ; died of cholera at Barbara. [(i). 
voted for a freehold at ried at Alnwick, 13th July, .Morpeth, Aug., 1S32, aged 41 (<-). Mary ."Vnue. 
Corbridge ; died 19th 1819 ; died at Morpeth, Robert Jobling of Hawkwell (c"), Elizabeth, mar. her kins- 
May, 1849; aged 65 (<()(<). 7th May, 1861 (/()• died in November, 1832. man, Edward Greenwell 

I Jobling. 

I I I I Christian, died unniar. 
Thomas Jobling of Newton, = Anne, daughter of Sarah, died unmarried. 

born 8th April, 1820; I Stobart. Anne Wilson, born 28th .April, 1826; married 7th July, 1849, 

died ... 1865. I William Pool of Newcastle. ^1/ 

Sarah Christian, born 5th March, 1828 ; mar. William Hall of Alston. 
Issue, 3 sons, and 2 daughters. 

(rt) Bywell St. Peter's Register, (c) Bell Collection, .Alnwick Castle. («) Matthew Forster's Obituary. 

(i) M.I. Bywell St. Peter. (</) Raine, Test. Ehor. (/) jFjt Family Bible, communicated by Mr. James Pool. 

Evidences to Jobling Pedigree. 

I757i 31st January. Will of .Abraham Jobling of Hexham, tanner. All to my father John Jobling, he e.xecutor. 
Proved, 4th July, 1757. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

I759i 15'h February. Will of John Jobling of Newton-hall Shaw-house, husbandman : To my wife Alice, for 
life, my messuage in Newton called Fell-house and a burgage in Hexham. After her death, the property at Lintgarihs 
at Hexham to ray grandson John Jobling, eldest son of my son John ; and the Fell-house to my grandson, William 
Jobling, third son of my said son John Jobling ; certain lands at Hexham to my grandson, John Jobling, eldest son 
of my son William Jobling ; remainder of Hexham property to my sons, John and William. My grandson, George, 
son of George Green of Styford, my grandchildren, John, ."Mice, and Elizabeth, children of William Hunter of Halton 
Sheels, ;^ioo apiece ; my grandson, Thomas, son of my son William Jobling, and my granddaughter. Christian, 
daughter of my son John Jobling, ^"50 apiece. My household goods, furniture, and implements of husbandry, to my 
wife for life, and then to my two granddaughters, Alice and Elizabeth Hunter. Residue to my sons, John and 
William, they executors. Proved, 14th July, 1760. Messrs. Hedley's Newton Deeds. 

1761, 27th April. Will of Alice Jobling of Halton Shields, widow. My eldest son, John Jobling ; my son, 
William Jobling of Brocks Bushes ; my grandson, George, son of George Green of Styford ; my grandson, Abraham 
Hunter, son of my son-in-law William Hunter of Halton Shields, and ray daughter, Mary, his wife. Proved, 30th 
November, 1767. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

The Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, being the grantees of the 
RadclifFe estates, in 1805 possessed in Newton-hall a farm of 434 acres, let to 
Mr. William Jobling at ^353 per annum, and 18 acres of woodland. As it had 
formerly been divided into several farms, it possessed numerous agricultural 
buildings. There was also an inn ' well situated for the accommodation of the 
carriers of lead from Langley to Newcastle.'^ In 1843, an exchange was 
effected between Mr. John Cresswell Jobling and the Hospital Commissioners, 
whereby the latter, as a consideration for their two third parts of Newton- 
hall, received the farm of ' Bullister Bush near Warden,' together with a 

' Greenwich Hospital Commissioners' Report, 1805. The 'Anchor' inn was at the .Shaw-house. In 
front of it was an open space wJiere the carriers could leave their carts while they refreshed themselves 
and their horses. Ex. inf. Mr. Anthony Johnson, cf. Parson and White, Northmnberltiml ami Durham, 
vol. ii. p. 566. 


sum of money.' Failing into difficulties through overbuilding and speculations 
in lead mines, Mr. Jobling conveyed his estate to trustees for the benefit of 
his creditors, who offered Newton-hall for sale by auction on the 30th March, 
1850.^ It was subsequently acquired from the mortgagees by Messrs. 
Backhouse, and after passing through the hands of Captain C. E. Blackett, 
it was sold in 1869^ to Mr. John Joicey, father of the present owner. Lady 
John Joicey-Cecil. 

The house, built by Mr. Robert Jobling in 1811,^ was largely added to 
by the late Mr. Joicey. An old building, 'with a doorway of ecclesiastical 
appearance,' stood within living memory a little to the north-west of 
Newton-hall, and there was a tradition that it had once been a church. 
Near this spot, on a site given* by Mr. W. F. Blackett, then the owner of 
the estate, a chapel of ease was built in i860. It was from designs made 
by Mr. C. Davis of Bath, based on the chapel of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 
near Oxford ; the total cost was ^^428. It was consecrated on the 
13th September, i860, and dedicated to St. James. This building was 
reconstructed and greatly enlarged in 1873 from designs of Mr. C. H. 
Fowler of Durham, at a cost of about ^4,500, defrayed by Mr. John Joicey. 
Having been provided with a district, comprising the three townships of 
Newton-hall, Newton, and Stelling, together with some contiguous portions 
of the parishes of Bywell St. Andrew, Corbridge, and Ovingham, an 
ecclesiastical parish was constituted in 1877.*^ A parsonage house, erected 
at a cost of about ;£,"5,ooo, was also provided by Mr. Joicey,' to whom 
the vicar of Bywell St. Peter conveyed the patronage of the church." An 
endowment was in part provided by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, who 
possess the rectorial or great tithes of the mother church, and in part by 
Mr. Joicey.'* 

' Newton-hall Deeds, Mr. John Joicey's Trustees. - Conditions of Sale ; Bell Collection. 

' Newton-hall Deeds, Mr. John Joicey's Trustees. ' Cf. Tomlinson's Guide to Northumberland, p. 147. 

' The site of the chapel of ease was conveyed to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners by Mr. W. F. 
Blackett by deed dated Sth November, 1859. Land to enlarge the chapel and to provide a graveyard 
was conveyed to the same corporation by Mr. John Joicey by deed dated 26th June, 1873. 

° Order in council published in the London Gazette, ist May, 1877. 

' The parsonage house was conveyed to the Ecclesiastical Cominissioners by deed dated 6th 
May, 187S. 

' The following have been ministers or incumbents of the parish : 1877, Robert Steavenson ; 1885, 
Theophilus Bennet, M.A., per res. .Steavenson; 1893, Walter Brook Rickards, of Trin. Coll., Camb., per 
res. Bennett ; 1898, T. E. Crawhall, of Trin. Coll., Camb., B.A., per res. Rickards; 1900, J. S. St. John, 
per res. Crawhall. The patronage of the benefice now belongs to Lady John Joicey-Cecil. 

" Ex inf. Rev. Anthony Johnson. 

Vol. VI. 




The township of Newton is situated at the extreme north-west of the 
parish of Rywell St. Peter, and comprises an area of 791 acres. ^ The 
hamlet of Newton, which is built upon the freestone rock, stands 400 feet 
above the sea amidst arable and pasture fields, having a southern exposure. 
It contains a small manufactory for agricultural implements of considerable 
request, an inn, and about 26 houses and cottages. To the north-west of 
the hamlet, at a height of 536 feet above sea-level, rises the Toft hill 
crowned with a small plantation. There are detached homesteads at High- 
house and Kiln-house, and in igoi there was a population of 150.^ 

About the year 1240 Neuton del West was held in socage of the barony 
of Baliol by Hugh de Bolbec in free marriage.^ His wife's christian name 
was Theophania ; she was probably a Baliol, but her parentage is unknown. 
On Hugh de Bolbec's death in 1262 his estates, as will be more fully related 
in the account of the barony of Bolbec, were shared by his four daughters, 
Margery, wife, first of Nicholas Corbet of Stanton, and secondly of Ralph, son 
of William de Greystoke ; Alice, wife of Walter de Huntercumbe of Wooler ; 
Philippa, wife of Roger de Lancaster ; and Maud, wife of Hugh Delaval. 
As Alice and Maud died without issue their respective shares devolved upon 
the issue of Margery and Philippa. Philippa, widow of Roger de Lancaster, 
died about 1294 seised of a fourth part of Neuton, worth _^4 4s. 6d. per 


Neuton Subsidy Roll, 


£ s- 




I 4 

unde regi 



2 2 



2 7 




2 4 




I 18 




2 '^ 



I 6 



I 7 




■i, 26s 

i. 6.j 



Summa bonorum Alani filii Adae 

,, Walter! filii Ivetae 

„ Robert! filii Ricardi 

„ Thomae de Wytthil 

„ Robert! filii Roger! 

„ Roger! filii Langhol 

„ Eliae filii Thomae ... 

„ Adae filii Ricardi ... 

Summa hujus viUae, ^14 us. lod. Unde regi, 

Hugh Delaval, having survived his wife, held for the term of his life a 
fourth part of the vill of Newton, held of the manor of Bywell, worth 60s. 
yearly in all issues.^ Margery de Bolbec's grandson, Ralph baron Greystoke, 

' To which, by an order of the Local Government Board made on the 20th December, 1SS6, a 
detached fragment of the township of Rywell St. Peter has been added. 

"The Census Returns are: 1801, 137; 1811, loi ; 1821, 105; 1831, in ; 1841, 127; 1851, 138; 
1861,126; 1871,126; iS8i,i^4; 1891,171; 1901,150. ' Tes/i? (ft- iVft^iV/, Record Series, p. 388. 

' Inq. p.m. Philipae uxoris Roger! de Lancastria, 22 Edw. I. No. 25. 

' Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Laval de hereditate Matildae uxoris ejus, 30 Edw. L No. 19. 


who is Stated to have been poisoned at breakfast at Gateshead on July 3rd, 
1323,' was seised at his death of three husbandlands in Newton, each of 
which used to comprise a messuage and 15 acres, paying in time of peace 
I2S. ijd., but then worth nothing.^ About the same period Sir Adam de 
Swinburne, who had taken part in Sir Gilbert de Middleton's rebellion, held 
in Newton two bond tenements of John de Lancaster as of the manor of 


Neuton Subsidy Roll, 1336. 

Willelmiis de Spiryden, 4s. ; Odnellus, 4s. id. ; Galfridus de Neuton, 3s. ; Simon de Neuton, 5s. ; 
Walterus de Neuton, 2s. ; Matillda vidua, as. 2d. Summa, 20s. 3d. 

A parcel of land at Blacklaw in Newton in the parish of Bywell which 
had belonged to Guy Darrayns of Whittonstall was demised by his daughter 
Isolda in 1345 to William, son of William de Charlton, and John, son of 
Laurence de Stokisfelde, to hold for the life of Isolda at the rent of 13s. 4d.* 

William de Greystoke, son of the above-mentioned Ralph de Greystoke, 
had livery of his lands in 1342 and died in 1359, having, together with Joan, 
his second wife, granted his moiety of the manor of Styford and his lands 
in Neuton to Robert de Herle.'^ At the time of his death, on July 5th, 1364, 
Sir Robert de Herle was seised of eleven husbandlands and two cottages in 
Newton by Bywell, held of the countess of Pembroke by the service of I5d. 
a year for cornage, and 4od. for 'tenepenys' twice every seven years ; the 
premises were worth 60s. a year besides the services.*^ 

Another tenement was held by John del Chaumbre, who died on August 
1 8th, 1379, seised of a messuage and 24 acres of land in Little Newton, by 
Corbryg, held of John Nevill as of the manor of Bywell by the payment of 
one pound of pepper for all services.' His heir was his only daughter Alice 
who died on October 14th, 1385, and was succeeded by her cousin-german 
Katherine de Moston." 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 377. 

- Inq. p.m. Radus. bar. de Graystok, 17 Edw. II. No. 72. 

' Inq. p.m. Adam, de Swynburn, 20 Edw. II. No. 4S. ^ Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 255. 

'' Willelmus baro de Graystock et Johanna, uxor ejus, concesserunt per finem Roberto de Herle et 
heredibus suis medietatem manerii de Styford, cum terris et tenementis in Newton, infra baroniam de 
Bywell, in excambium pro manerio de Agerton et terris in Benrigge. Idem Willelmus relaxavit dicto 
Roberto totum jus in advocacione abbacie de Blaunchland et in omnibus feodis pertinentibus ad 
baroniam de Bulbeck. Et idem Robertus concessit dicto Willelmo et heredibus 2 feoda et dimidium in 
Whitchester, Benwell, Echwyke, Est Hedwyn et Midelton Morell. {Rot. Lit. Clans. 30 Edw. III. memb. 17.) 
Dodsworth MS. No. 85, folio 122. 

" Inq. p.m. Roberti Herle, chr. 38 Edw. III. first numbers, No. 23. 
' Inq. p.m. Johannis del Chaumbre, 8 Ric. II. No 12. 

"Inq. p.m.. Alicias fili» Johannis del Chambre, 16 Ric. 11. part 2, No. 135; cf. \Ve\ford, Neiccastlc 
and GatfsliCdd, vol. i. p. 204. 


del Chaumbre = 

John del Chaumbre, mayor of Newcastle, 1361, = Catherine, buried Isabel del = de -Moston. 

1362 ; M.P. 1362 ; died August iSth, 1379, /iig. 
p.m. taken at Newcastle, August 2nd, 13S3. 

at St. Nicholas', Chaumbre. 

Newcastle (a). 

Alice, daughter and sole heir, was 12 years of age at the taking of her Katherine de iMoston, found to be 

father's inquisition ; married William de Elmeden, jun. ; died kinswoman and heir to Alice del 

October 14th, 1385. /ng. p.m. taken at Fehon, October 4th, 1392 ; Chaumbre ; was 34 years of age in 

will proved 13th October, 1386 (/5). 1392. 

(a) Welford, NtwcastU and Gateshead^ vol. i. p. 156. 

(J)) Durham Wills and Invenlories, Raine, vol. i. p. 42, Surt. Soc. No. 3. 

By the marriage of Sir Adam de Swinburne's daughter and co-heiress 
Barnaba with Sir John de Stryvelyn, the latter acquired a portion of Newton, 
apparently comprising two tenements and 48 acres of land. Under the terms 
of a settlement made at Belsay on Sunday, June 13th, 1361, these premises 
were limited to the use of Sir John Stryvelyn and Jacoba his second wife 
and to their, or her, heirs, with remainder to John de Middleton and Christina 
his wife and their heirs.^ These two husbandlands were enjoyed by Jacoba 
during her w-idowhood, and at the time of her death, February 6th, 1391, 
were stated to be worth 2s. a year and to be held of Ralph de Nevill (the 
lord of Bywell) by the service of a rose." Sir John de Middleton died on 
August 9th, 1396, seised, jointly with Christina his wife, of two tenements 
and 48 acres of land in Newton held in socage and worth los. a year.^ 
His widow Christina survived until March loth, 140 1/2, when she died 
seised of a cottage, 4 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow in Newton, held 
of Ralph, earl of Westmorland, and worth no more than 4d. a year.^ 

In the inquisition taken in 1426 after the death of Ralph Nevill, earl of 
Westmorland, it is stated that he was seised at the time of his death of 6 
messuages in Newton which were of no value because ' debilis ' and ruinous, 
120 acres of arable land worth id. an acre, 200 acres of moor, and 100 acres 
of wood w^hich was worthless.' A little later a tenement and lands in 
Newton were in the hands of the family of Raymes of Shortflat and Aydon, 
of which Robert Raymes died seised April 4th, 1490." 

' Inq. p.m. Johannis de Stryvelyn, 2 Ric. II. No. 49. 

■ Inq. p.m. Jacobae uxoris Johannis de Stryvelyn, 14 Ric. II. No. 47. 

' Inq. p.m. Johannis Midleton, 20 Kic. II. No. 37. 

' Inq. p.m. Christiana: uxoris Johannis Midleton, 9 Hen. X. No. 54. 

' Inq. p.m. Radulphi comes West. 4 Hen. \T. No. 37. 

° Inq. p.m. Robert! Raymes 5 Hen. VII. Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII. p. 235. 



Tenants in Newton, 1524.' 

Tenement, Rent, 
etc. s. d. 

Joan,widow of Christopher Robynson, 

and William Robinson, jointly ... i 28 4 
Isabel, widow of John Hanyson, and 

Richard Harryson... ... ... i 14 2 

Joan, widow of Robert Dawson, and 

Anthony Dawson ... ... ... i '4 2 

George Moland 

William Wilkynson ... 

John Maland ... 

Margaret, widow of Thomas Redehede 





s. d. 

... i 

14 2 

... \ 


14 2 
14 2 

de i 

14 2 

113 4 

Newton Muster Roll, 1538. 

Willm Tynyng, Willm Robynson, Thomas Herynson, Antone Davison, Edward Purpes ; able with 
hors and harnes. Robert Mallant, Robert Redheid, Richert Heryson, Willm Redheid, Edwerd 
MylbiH'n ; naither hors nor harnes.' 

The tenements which were in the possession of Ralph, earl of 

Westmorland, in 1425, were in the possession of his descendant, Charles 

Nevill, the last earl, on his attainder in 1569, and were still held by 
si.\ tenants, although in unequal portions. 




Christofer Robynson 

tenement, etc. 

Richard Herryson 

Mathew Dawson 

Robert Redhed 

John Wylkynson 

Thomas Redhed 

All the tenants and 


of Halton 

Tenants holding v.v Lease in Newton, 1570. 

15y lease dated 30th June, 1566, for 21 years 

for 17 years 
for II years 








iberty on the commons of Newton and Bywell for pasture of the animals by ancient custom 13 4 


£6 6 8 

A tenement in Newton with a garden and croft and 14 acres of land in 
the vili and fields of Newton was held by John Swinburne of Chopwell at 
the lord's will according to the custom of the lordship, and were let to 
Richard Reve at i8s. a year. Also a cottage and garden, which were let 
to William Tynlege at 4s. a year.^ 

The same rents, paid by a smaller number of tenants and in still more 
unequal proportions, were rendered to the Crown in 1608.* 

' P. R. O. Rentals ami Surveys, portfolio ,';[:. - Arch. Ad. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 177. 

^ Hall and Homberston's Survey, Q.R. Misc. Books, 38, p. 211. * Haggatt and Ward's Survey. 




£ s. 





3 17 





I 19 

















Tenants Holding by Lease in Newton, 1608. 

Tenant. Tenements. 

Kicliard Parker ... 2 Ry letters |)aleiit yrantcd lolh April, 1607, for 40 years 

William Robinson (late 
Christopher Robinson 

his father) 1 

Ciuhbert Davison ... i „ granted 6th October, 1602, for 21 years o 14 

Robert Redhead ... i „ granted ist August, 1600, „ 

The tenants and inhabitants of Halton and Clarewood doe common with them of 
nywell and Newton by auncient custome for which they pay yearly rent 

£7 18 8 ^17 6 8 

At the sale' of the earl of Westmorland's confiscated estates opportunity 
seems to have been given to the leasehold tenants to purchase their 
several tenements ; accordingly the names of Christopher Robinson and 
Richard Harrison, which appear in the list of customarv tenants in 1570, 
and that of William Robinson, which appears in the similar list of 1608, 
were represented by George Harrison and John Robinson, who in 1663 
were rated as freeholders at £2/\, equivalent in value to about two-thirds 
of the township. 

Newton Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665. 
Widdow Robson and George Harrison, each two chimneys ; William Davison, Henry Ridley, Roger 
Yunger, Thomas Baites, and John Hunter, each one chimney ; widdow Lamb, Anne Hunter, John 
Co.von, Thomas Hall, Edward Hall, John Leighton, and John Wilkinson, 'not payable.' 

The lands which in 1663 belonged to George Harrison and John 
Robinson seem to have been acquired by the Fenwicks of Bywell, and the 
settlement made in 1724, after the marriage of Margaret, daughter and 
co-heiress of William Fenwick of Bywell, with John Fenwick of Stanton, 
comprises land in Newton. Their son William Fenwick in 1755 received 
an allotment in lieu of the right of common of pasture upon Shildon-moor 
appurtenant to his lands in Newton. He was succeeded by his younger 
son, also named William Fenwick, by the trustees of whose will 
Shildon-moor farm comprising 127 acres, was sold in 1808 to Robert 
Jobling of Newton-hall. Eight years later Mr. Fenwick's widow, with her 
second husband Mr. Septimus Hodson, sold the remaining part of the 
Fenwicks' estate in the township of Newton, comprising about 480 acres, to 
Joseph Bainbridge of Newcastle.^ 

' 8th April, 161 1 ; John Eldred and George Whitmore obtained a grant of certain lands at Newton; 
Pat. Rolls, g Jas. 1. pt. 8. 15th September, 1629; White and Stevenson obtained a grant of lands in 
Newton of the yearly rent of £.S 13s. 4d., and a cottage of the rent of 3s. 4d.; Put. Rolls, 
5 Chas. I. pt. 9. 1! Messrs. Hedley's Newton Deeds. E.v inf. Mr. Mark .Archer. 


Certain lands in Newton formerly belonging to Robert Redhead the 
younger, of Corbridge, and purchased from him by John Craghild, were by 
the latter sold on December 2nd, 1725, to John Jobling' of Brocks-hall or 
Brocks-bushes, who, in 1755, ^^ the enclosure of Shildon-moor, received an 
allotment of five acres. His descendant, William Jobling, in 18 14 sold these 
lands and the Fell-house to Joseph Bainbridge, whose representative in 1842 
sold all their lands in Newton to Mr. William Hedley of Wylam, to whose, 
family these various parcels of Newton still belong. 

The lands for which John Hunter of Newton and Mr. Ralph Scurfield 
were respectively assessed at ^ 5 apiece in 1663^ were purchased in 1700 by 
John Douglas of Newcastle from John Hunter, of Newton, and his sons 
Thomas and Robeil, and from Ralph Scurfield,^ son and heir of Ralph 
Scurfield of Newcastle ; the consideration paid to the Hunters was .:^46o, 
and that to Scurfield ;^I50.' Two years afterwards Douglas sold the lands 
so acquired to Henry Collinson of Aydon Castle.'* 

December 4tli, 1722. In the name of God, Amen. I, Henry Collinson of Newton, in the comity of 
Northumberland, gentleman, being weak in body but of sound and perfect mind, praise be therefore 
given to Almighty God, do, having first commended my soul into the hands of Almighty God hopeing 
through the meritts, death and passion of my Saviour Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon and 
forgiveness of all my sinns and to inherit everlasting life. And having also committed my body to 
the earth to be decently buried at ye discretion of my executor hereafter named, make and ordain 
this my last will and testament in manner and form following. Imprimis, I give and bequeath unto my 
dearly beloved wife Isabel all my personal estate at Newton and Nafferton, in the county of 
Northumberland, except a chesnut mare with a starr in her forehead running five years old next grass, 
which I give to my son William, and except a chesnut colt running two years old next grass, which I give 
to my son Henry. Item, I give to my daughter Jane, wife of George Kirkley of Newcastle, butcher, the 
sume of tenn pounds, to be paid her out of my personal estate at Newton aforesaid by my wife, within 
twelve months after my death. Item, I give and bequeath unto my son William all my lands and 
tenements situate lying and being at Newton and Tinmouth, in ye county of Northumberland, and to his 
heirs for ever, and I will that he, my son William, pay all my debts, funeral charges, and legacies, 
except the aforesaid legacy of tenn pounds given to my daughter Jane, and for the true payment of all my 
debts, funeral charges and legacies, I make subject all my lands and tenements in Newton and 
Tinmouth aforesaid. Item, I give to my son Henry the sume of thirty pounds, to be paid him out of my 
lands and tenements at Newton and Tinmouth aforesaid by my son William, within twelve months after 
my death. Item, I do give to my son John the sume of twenty pounds to be paid him by my son 
William, out of my lands and tenements at Newton and Tinmouth aforesaid as soon as my said son 
John has served the time of his apprentishipp in the trade of a shipwright, to which he is now bound in the 

' John Jobling of Brocks-bushes voted for Newton Fell-house in 1748. Poll Book. 
- Book of Rates ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 287. 

' Ralph Scurfield, son and heir of Ralph Scurfield of Newcastle, gentleman, deceased, was appren- 
ticed October ist, 167S, to Timothy Robson of Newcastle, boothman, was admitted free of the company 
January iSth, 1689, and died ctrca 1727. Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. p. 309. Surt. 
Soc. No. loi. , ]yj,. Jq]^„ Joicey's Trustees' Papers. = Ibid. 




C01.1.1NSON = 

Grace bur. = William Collinson, a captain in the army, = Anne, sister of Mr. Ralph 

on the day 
of her son 
baptism, 27th 
April, 1662 

stationed at Tynemouth Castle, pur- 
chased Aydon Castle, 16 , was one of 

the four and twenty of Tynemouth, and 
gave I OS. a year to the poor of that 
parish, to be distributed at Easter ; buried 
in the chancel at Tynemouth Priory 
church, iSth April, 167S {/>) ; will dated 
1 2th September, 1675 {c). 

Lawson ; to whom her 
husband gave ;i"20 per 
annum over and above 
lier jointure, and his house 
at Tynemouth ; of New- 
castle when she made her 
will on gth April, 1691 ; 
proved 1692 (c). 

Francis Col- 
linson, dead 
before 1675 


Henry Col- 
linson, in 
1675, 'at 
Boseatt, 7 
miles from 
ton' (0- 

Mary Rowe, of ^ Henry Collinson, of Aydon = Isabel, 

South Shields, 
mar. at Tyne- 
mouth iSth 
July, 1678 (i). 


Castle, to whom his step- named in 
mother gave los. as a token, her hus- 
purchased lands at Newton band's 
4th November, 1702, from will. 
John Douglas, of Newcastle 
((/) ; will dated 4th Decem- 
ber, 1722 ; pr. 1723 (</) W- 

I I 

William, William Collinson, baptised 

born25th on the day of his mother's 

October, burial, 27th April, 1662 (/5), 

i653(//); to whom his father gave 

buried his free lands at North 

5th Aug., Shields, leased from the 

1657 (''')• ^'■""' °f Northumberland 

together with a house, 

and tenement (c). 

Ill , 

Elizabeth, living 
1675 {c). 

Sarah, married 
Frederick Flet- 
cher, liv. 167; 
and 1 691 (c). 

Grace, liv. 1673 

illiam, bapt. 7th Dec, 

1680 (i). 
Edward, bapt. 2nd August, 

1682 ii). 
Henry, bapt. 15th Dec, 

1687 («) ; bur. 8th July, 

1696 (rj). 
Oswald, bapt. 14th Feb., 

1692/3 (a) ; bur. loth 

.'\pril, 1696 (a). 

William Collinson, of 

Newton, baptised 
15th August, 1696 
(a) ; polled for 
Newton in 1748 ; 
died 26th August, 
1761, aged 66(/) ; 
will dated 15th 
August, 1 76 1 (1/). 

:Jane Preston, 
of Harnham, 
widow («■), 
died 14th 
June, 1794, 
aged 91 (/). 

Henry, baptised 12th 

January, 1698/9 (a), 
named in his father's 
will co- 
John, bapt. 17th March, 
1 701 (rt), named in 
his father's will (c). 
Joseph, bapt. i4th.April, 
1703 (a), named in 
his father's will («■). 

I I I I 
Elizabeth,bapt. 4th July, 16S9 

(a); buried 31st December, 

1695 (a). 
Isabel, bapt. 2nd Aug., 1690 

(a); mar. Thomas Usher, of 

Styford (e). 
Sarah, bapt. 3rd Jan. 1694/5 

(a); bur. 31st Oct., 1695 (a). 
June, mar. George Kirkley 

of Newcastle, butcher (0. 

William Collinson, of Newton, 
only son (</), of Basinghall 
Street, London, calico 
printer, 1773 Qii), of Lime- 
house, distiller, in 1777 (i^) ; 
will dated 29th March, 1791 

Mary, daughter of 
William Stevens, of 
I pswich (<>) ; sett, before 
marr. 31st January, 
1777 (1/); living a widow 
in 1S08 at Wanstead, 
Essex ((/). 

I I I I I I 
Ruhannah, married William Winship {e), and died 8th 

April, 1S08, aged 73 (/"). 
Jane mar. William Sanderson of Widdiington (0, 
Isabel mar. John Hutchinson of the parish of Ryton. 
Anne, living 1761. 
Sarah, living 1761. 
Bridget, living 1761. 

Charles Collinson, only 
son, died at the age of 
5 years (rf). 

(a) Corliiidge Register. 
(^) Tynemouth Register. 

Anne, living 8th October, 1808. 
Mary, mar. Thos. Pycroft of Ilampstead, 
living 8th October, 1808. 

(c) Durham Probate Registry. 

(d) Mr. John Joicey's Trustees' Deeds. 

I I I 
Catherine, living 8th October, 1808. 
Elizabeth, living Sth October, 1808. 
Sarah, living Sth October, 1808. 

(c) Messrs. Hedley's Newton Deeds. 
(/) M.I. Bywell St. Peter. 


town of Newcastle, and I will that my son William maintain him in good, decent and becoming appaiell 
during the term of his apprentishipp. Item, I give to my son Joseph the sume of twenty pounds to be 
paid by my son William, out of my lands and tenements at Newton andTinmouth aforesaid as soon as he, 
my said son Joseph, has served the time of his apprentishipp at the trade of a joyner, to which he is now 
bound in the town of Newcastle, and I will that my son William maintain him in good, decent and 
becoming apparell during the term of his apprentishipp. Item, I give unto my daughter Isabel, wife of 
Thomas Usher of Styford, in the county of Northumberland, yeoman, the sume of tenn shillings, to buy 
her a mourning ring, to be paid her by my son William. Item, I give to my grandson Tristram, son of 
John Hepple of Aydon, in the county of Northumberland, the sume of twenty shillings, to be paid by my 
son William within twelve months after my death. Lastly, all the rest and residue of my personall" 
estate, goods and chattels whatsoever, I do give and bequeath to my son William, and do make him 
sole executor of this my last will and testament. Proved at Durham, October znd, 1723. 

This estate remained in the family of Collinson until 1808, when it was 
sold by the widow and children ofWilliam Collinson, of Lime-house, London, 
to Taylor Winship, of Gateshead, merchant. Mr. Winship, in 18 16, sold 
part of his lands in Newton to Joseph Bainbridge, and the remainder, after 
passing through various hands, was purchased by the late Mr, John Joicey, 
and now forms part of the Newton-hall estate. 


The small township of Stelling' comprises 242 acres" which in 1901 had 
a population of 50.^ The house, at present being rebuilt, is within the 500 
feet contour line, surrounded by plantations of forest trees, and commands 
an extensive view to the south over the Tyne valley. 

Sometime during the twelfth century the manor of Stelling, a toft at 
Newbiggin-by-the-Sea and a rent charge out of North Seaton were given by 
Bernard de Baliol * to the prior and convent of He.xham, who, about the year 
1240, were stated to hold the Stelling of John de Baliol in socage and alms.' 
For the subsidy of 1 296 it was associated with Cheeseburn Grange. 

Stelling [and] Cheseurch Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

£ s. d. s. d. 

Summa bonorum grangiae de Stelling 9 5 8 unde regi i6 loi 

1. „ grangiae de Chesburch 1758 „ 3' 5 

Prions de Hextildisham summa hujus grangiae de 

Stelling et Cheburch 26 1 1 4 „ 48 3^ 

' By an order of the Local Government Board, made on the 20th December, 1S86, a portion of the 
township of Ovington was added to the township of Stelling. By the Ordnance Survey of 1895 it is 
computed to comprise 343 acres. 

■ The Census Returns are : 1801,17; 1811,19; 1821,12; 1831,17; 1841,53; 1851,32; 1861,27; 
1871, 19 ; 1881, 47 ; 1891, 53 ; 1901, 50. 

I Cf- vol. iii. p. 141. ■> Testa de Nevill, Record Series, pp. 3S5, 388. 

Black Book of Hexham; Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 54; Surt. Soc. No. 47. 

Vol. VI, ,S 


In 1479 the prior and convent possessed the whole manor of Stellinc;, on 
which divers houses were built. It was a separate holding at all times of the 
year and was comprised within the following limits : beginning at the east 
end of the common field the boundary proceeded to the Holborne-well and 
thence ascended towards the west bv a little sike, and the boundarv stones 
set out between the said common field of Stelling and part of the Newton- 
hall field, called Morehousfelde, until it came to a certain balk lying at the 
east side of Lampot-lech, thence following the said balk southward by 
boundary stones set out between the said common fields of Stelling and 
Newton-hall until it came to the Whye-well, then following another balk 
which lay on the west side of the Notthyng-lawe until it came to Thornlaw- 
flatt ; then following another balk which lay on the west side of the 
Farnelaw between the said law and the flat called Cokishow until it crossed 
Akom-leche, and then following the said letch eastward as far as the 
Stokwell and thence following an old ditch to the head of the close of the 
said common field of the manor, then following another old ditch northward 
until it came to the aforesaid Holburn well. Appurtenant to the manor of 
Stelling, the prior and convent had common of pasture throughout the whole 
barony of Bywell, viz., intercommon for every kind of beast at all times of 
the year. The survey states that Sir Adamar de Athol, knight, formerly 
held the manor with all its appurtenances by lease, at the yearly rent of 4 
marks. The convent also possessed the water mill at NafFerton, to which 
belonged the multure of NafFerton and Whittle, and a cottage called the 
miller's croft, all of which were waste. ^ 

The annual value of Stellyng, as entered in the survey of the estates of 

the abbot and convent made in July, 1536, was £\ 13s. 4d. ; it was then held 

by Thomas Swinburne, and comprised a tenement with common of pasture 

on Welling-moore." 

Stellyn and Acam Muster Roll, 1538.' 

Rolland Hyne, Thomas Laydlay, Robert Heryngton, Thomas Hyne, Janat CoUe, Willm Davison; 
able with hors and harnes. 

On the dissolution of the monasteries, Thomas Swinburne of Houghton, 
one of the younger sons of George Swinburne of Edlingham, continued to 

' Black Book of Hexham; Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 54; Surt. .Soc. No. 46. 
" Cf. Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 164, and vol. iii. of this work, p. 158. 
^ Arch. A el. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 178. 


hold the place from the crown lessees, and by his will, dated 7th April, 
1565, gave his ' farmehold of the Stellinge ' to his brother Gawayne. In the 
inventory of his goods exhibited at Durham, i6th May, 1566, it is stated that 
he possessed at Stelling 2 oxen, 26s. 8d. ; 5 kye, ^3 6s. 8d. ; 7 quies, 56s. ; 
42 wethers, £S 13s.; 5 tuppes and a gimer, 6s.; 40 hogges, £j^ 13s. 8d. ; 
10 hogges, 23s. 4d. ; 6 boules of whet, 42s. ; 7 boules of rye, 56s. ; 10 boule 
of otts, 40s.; 6 platters, 6 dishes, 6 saucers, i bason, los. Gawyn Swinburne 
of Cheeseburn Grange, by his will, dated 26th April, 1576, gave his 'right 
and interest of the Stellinge to one of my nephew John Hearon his sonnes 
of Chipches.' ^ 

A tenement called the Stelling, two closes of meadow and pasture land, 
containing by estimation 3 acres, other lands and pastures, containing by 
estimation 20 acres, with common of pasture in Welling-more, all in the 
tenure of Thomas Swinborne, at the yearly rent of 33s. 4d. ; " a tenement at 
Kearsley, in the tenure of William Shafto, of the vearly value of 6s. 8d., 
which premises at the Stelling, Welling-more, and Kearsley formerly 
belonged to the prior and convent of Hexham, were granted, 2nd October, 
1605, to John Halsey and Robert Morgan of London, gentlemen, on the 
petition and in consideration of the services of Sir William Bowyer of 
Berwick-on-Tweed, knight.^ The fee simple must have been immediately 
conveyed by the grantees to Sir John Fenwick of Wallington, knight, who 
by deed* dated 26th January, 1609/10, conveyed the Stelling to Anne Bowes 
of Newburn-hall, widow, and to her son, Cuthbert Heron of Chipchase, esq. 
In 1620, the latter obtained from his mother a release of her moiety, and by 
deed dated iith November, 1622, conveyed the whole to Henry Hynde, 
whose father, William Hynde, had previously held the place on lease, and 
who was also bailiff or agent to the Swinburnes of Edlingham and Nafferton. 
The following is a list of Henry Hinde's goods impressed during the 
civil war : 

A true copy of goodes taken from mee, Henry Hinde of the Stelling, 1643/4. At their leager in 
Tine-water. Imprimis, Artillery regiment tooke from mee 7 stacks of rye, 12 boules in every stack, 
^52 8s. Seaven stacks of otes, 12 boules in every stack, taken by the army, £2.^ 4s. One stack of 
bigge, conteyning 10 boules, ^5. One and thirty beastes, taken by Caseell's regiment, £46 los. 60 

' Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 2S1, and Durham Wills, Raine, vol. i. pp. 236, 409. 

- The free farm rent of 33s. 4d., preserved to the Crown out of Stelling, was granted 14th March, 
1627, to Queen Henrietta Maria as part of her jointure. Pat. Rolls, 2 Chas. I. part 11. 

' Pat. Rolls, 3 Jas. I. pt. 10. " Original deed with Mr. Thos. Archer-Hind. 


sheepe, ^15. Five swine, /|i 5s. 40 foother of hay, ^20. 3 horses, ^6. 3 iron hurrowes, los. 2 short 
waines, ^2. 2 long waines, ^2. 9 yokes, 9s. In Hnning and woollen clothes, ^{^3. 20 boules of winnowed 
Dies, £fo. 4 boules of winnowetl rye, £z Ss. 3 bushells of malt, ^i. 5 quarters of beefe, ^i. Paid 
for releesing of some beastes by the Scotts, iSs. In pewter, brass, bedding, and other house stuffe, X^o- 
Axe, wimbles, and other iron workc, ^i. A bible, a testament, and other bookes, 13s. Summe, ^215 5s.' 

The Stelling remained in the possession of William Hinde's descendants 
until 1836.' 

Under the conjoint effect of various wills and settlements, the Stelling, 
in 1835, was held as to five-sixths by Miss Elizabeth Archer, and as to 
one-sixth by Mrs. Margaret Bowker of Morpeth, who was the devisee of 
Miss Margaret Archer of Ferryhill. Miss Elizabeth Archer assumed the 
additional name of Hind, and by will, dated October 13th, 1835, gave all her 
real estates to Mr. John Hodgson of Elswick-house, with the injunction to 
take the name of Hind.' Mr. John Hodgson-Hinde, with other settled 
moneys,* in 1837 purchased Mrs. Bowker's share, and at his death, in 1869, 
was succeeded by his brother, the next tenant in tail under the settlement, 
Mr. Thomas Hodgson, who assumed the name of Archer-Hind, and in the 
following year, together with his eldest son, sold the Stelling to Mr. John 
Joicey, of Newton-hall. The house and a small parcel of land were re-sold 
by Mr. Joicey's daughter, Lady John Joicey-Cecil, in 1899 to Mr. J. G. 
Sharp-Naters, of Jesmond Cottage, Newcastle. 

' Hinde MSS. Arch. Ad. vol. ii. p. 132. 

^ 'Ex Mr. Thos. Archer-Hind's papers and a paper by Mr. John Hodgson-Hinde. Arch. Ad. new 
series, vol. ii. pp. 127, 135. 

' This is not the place to give a biographical sketch of Mr. John Hodgson-Hmd, nor a pedigree of 
his family, but his name cannot be mentioned without an allusion to his literary and archaeological 
works. His most important production, published in 1S5S, was ' A History of Northumberland, containing 
the General History of the County, State of the District under the Romans, the Saxon and Danish 
kings of Northumberland, the Official Earldom, with a Narrative of Events connected with the County 
from the Norman Conquest to the Accession of the House of Hanover.' He also published (anonymously) 
' The Fountains of British History E.xplored' (1852), and edited the works of Symeon of Durham for the 
Surtees Society (1868), etc., etc. 

■" This transaction was effected by a private Act of Parliament, i Victoria, cap. 23, ' An Act for 
carrymg into effect a contract entered into with Edward Riddell, esq., for the sale to him of a certain 
farm called Broomy-hall farm, situated in the township of Dalton, in the parish of Newburn, in the 
county of Northumberland, devised in strict settlement by the will of Elizabeth Archer-Hind, spinster, 
deceased and for applying the money thence arising in the purchase of other hereditaments in lieu 
thereof, to be settled to the like uses.' (Royal assent, 30th June, 1S37.) Mr. Thos. Archer-Hind's 




ROLLAND Hyne heads the Stelling musttr roll of 1539 (.;)• 

William Hyne was also present at the muster of 1539 ; lessee of Bearl in 1560 (a). 

William Hinde, lessee of Stelling and Bearl ; will dated 13th Dec, 1617 ; proved 17th = Jane , mentioned 

Aug. 1618 (c) ; to be buried at Bywell St. Andrew (c) (a). I husband's will. 


Henry Hinde, son and heir, purchased the Stelling in 1622, purchased lands in Ovington, loth 
Feb., 1634, and 5th April, 1636 ; was lessee of Acomb in 1623 ((^), and bailiff of Newton- 
hall and Bearl under Lady Cavendish ; ' a souldiour under the earle of Newcastle ' ; living 
I2th May, 1659 ; dead before 30th December, 1660(a); will dated 20th March, 1654/5 ('^)- 

Mabel, married 
George Simpson 

CO (O- 



= Ursula, daughter 


eldest son, 

of Thomas 


died in his 

Harle of Mil- 


father's life- 

burn (.;). 


time (a). 


Oswald Hinde of Stelling, ' third son but 
heir by his father's will' (a) {d) ; was rated 
for the Stelling, at ;^30, and for lands 
at Ovington, at £jr for 1663 ; ad- 
ministration of his personal estates, 6th 
Nov., 1686, granted to his widow (c). 

Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Addison, 
of Ovingham (a) ; 
she re-married 
Thomas Brown 

in her 
will (c). 

William Hinde of Stelling was party to the division of Ovington 
town fields in 1706, and to the abortive agreement for the 
division of Shildon moor in 1711 ; purchased the moiety of 
Ovington-hall and Forster's Close in Bywell (a) ; admitted to a 
copyhold tenement at Wall, I4lh May, 1717 (a) \ buried 15th 
Sept., 1749 (^), intestate ; administration of personal estate 19th 
Sept., 1749, committed to his son, Oswald Hind (c). 

Anne, wid- 
ow of John 
of New- 
castle (a). 

Henry Hi 
of Stell 
June, I 



John bap- 
tised 7th 
1682 (0; 
living 6th 


living 6th 

I I 

Henry, bur. Oswald Hinde of Stelling ; bap- 

Ist July, tised 29th Sept., 1706 («); died 

1705 (e). 2gth August, 1781 ; aged 75 

(d); willdated 24th July, 1769 ; 

proved 1781 (c). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Coulson of Broomey-hall, par. 
of Newburn (a); died 9th Jan. 
1797 ; aged 87 (r/) (a). 

Charles, a twin 
with Oswald, 
(a) ; baptised 
29th Sept., 
1706 («). 



Oswald Hinde of Ov- : 
ington, eldest son, 
disinherited, his 
father giving him an 
annuityonly(c) (a). 

. I 
William, died 
24th Oct., 
1758; aged 
29 W («)■ 

Oswald Hind, ' son of the late Oswald Hind, 
esq. of Stelling Hall, 'died at West Holborn, 
near South Shields, 13th February, 1850, 
aged 72. 

George Hinde of Stel- 
ling, which was given 
to him by his father's 
will (a) ; ' a captain in 
in the army ' (a) ; died 
unmarried November, 
1803 ; will dated 14th 
Dec, 1800 ; proved 
26th January, 1804 

John Hinde, to whom his father 
gave his lands in Ovington 
(a) ; built Ovington Lodge ; 
died unmarried 13th Decem- 
ber, 1800 ; aged 53 (rf) ; ad- 
ministration of personal 
estate, 4th December, i8oi, 
committed to his brother 
George and his two sisters 

. I 

Elizabeth Hinde 
of Ovington 
Lodge, born 
1733 (a); died 
unmar., 19th 
August, 1815, 
aged 82 (a) ; 
Feb., i8o4(/5). 

Mary, married nth Novem- 
ber, 1762 (a) ; died at 
Easington 1 2th February, 
1798, aged 62 (a). 

William Archer of Durham, merchant, 
and of Easington, co. Durham (c) ; 
baptised nth July, 1732 ; died at 
Easington gth July, 1793, aged 61 (a). 

Margaret Hinde of Ovington Lodge, born 1749 
(a) ; died 12th February, 1835, aged 86 (d) ; 
will dated 26th June, 1834 ; proved i8th 
March, 1S35 (i). 

William Archer of Stelling 
and of Ovington Lodge, 
born 2ist Oct., 1765(a) ; 
ensign 68th Foot ; nep- 
hew and heir of Captain 
George Hind ; died 
20th "February, 1810 (a). 

Elizabeth .\rcher,born 24th.\pril, 1765 
(a) ; assumed the additional name 
of Hind of Stelling and Ovington 
Lodge ; niece and devisee of her 
aunt Margaret Hinde ; died 7th 
March, 1836 ; will dated 13th Oct., 
1835 ; proved nth May, 1836 (/;). 


Margaret Archer of Ferryhill, born 28th July, 1763 (a) ; 
died unmarried 8th May, 1829(a) ; buried Merring- 
ton. By will dated 15th November 1S21, proved 
1829, she gave her undivided share of lands at 
Stelling, Ovington, Bywell to Margaret Archer, 
afterwards wife of John Harrison Bowker, lieutenant, 
R.N. (/(). 



Henry Hinde of Bcarl, in 1702 
conlested his cousin 
William's succession to 

Sidling; bur 1711 

ie) ; will dated 3rd April, 
1711 ; pr. same year (c)- 

= Mary bur. 

I7I5,('); 'iv- 
ing at the 
date of her 
will (c). 

William Ilinde of Bearl. 
dead before 23rd 
Marcli, 1731/2 (a). 

Isabel, widow of John Marshall of Ovington, 
anddau. of John Simpson of Ovington-hall, 
named in her brother's will March, I73i(rt). 

^ I I 

George. Elizabeth, 

iving 1731 («). Mary. 

William Hind, : 
of Ovington, son 
and heir, execu- 
turto his father's 
will (it): bur. ... 
1 71 1 (O ; ad- 
ministration to 
his personal es- 
tate granted to 
his widow, 27th 
May, 1 713 (0- 

=Mary, daughter 
of John Mar- 
shall of Oving- 
ton ; mar. loth 
May 1705 (/); 
she remarried, 
1715, Thomas 
Forster of Wy- 
1am (^), and 
died in 1753. 
aged 81. 

I. Hannah, 
of John 
of Oving- 
ton ; bur. 
1 6th .Mar. 

first wife. 

Oswald Hind of = 
Horsley, second 
son, baptised 4th 
July, 1683 (,•) ; 
liv. 3rd April, 
1 71 1 (c) ; voted 
for lands at Ov- 
ington, 1722. 
[Died at Oving- 
ton ; bur. 1 6th 
Feb., 1765 {/).] 

2. Mary = 

3. Isabella 





2d. May, 


1722 (/); 





third wife. 


(/)] ; 



I I 

Isabel (/') (a). 
Anne (//) (a). 

I I I. . 

John, li\'ing 3rd April, 
171 1 (c) ; of Bearl, 
died at Ovington, un- 
married ; buried 22nd 
Dec, 1759 (/). 

Ralph, living 3rd April, 
1711 ((-) f bur. 1713 

Henry, bur. nth March, 

Henry Hinde of Ovington, baptised 
30th October, 1707 (/) ; died 
31st Jul}- {g) ; buried 2nd August, 
1793 (/), aged S5(^). 


died 1st 
June, 1806 ; 
aged 60 (g). 

I I I 
John, baptised 13th October, 1709 (/). 
FJizabeth, baptised 19th March, 1705 6 (/) [.' niairicd 

1st January, 1732/3, Joseph Clark (/)]. 
Anne, baptised 19th February, 171 1 (/). 

William Hinde of Ovington and of Newcastle, baptised 3rd = 
March, 1767 (/). Died 26th February, 1820, aged 53 {g). 

: Mary, dau. of John James of Gateshead, died 
19th September, 1843, aged 71 (,?). 


Henry Hinde of Ovington pur- 
chased Burnett's portion of 
Ovington-hall. Died unmarried 
8th Nov., 1863, aged 62 {g). 

John James Hinde, of 
Newcastle, died un- 
married, 26th Feb. 
1847 (.?). 

Elizabeth Mary, married George William Cram of Newcastle, 
solicitor, and died 4th January, 1S68, aged 68 {g); whose 
eldest daughter, Elizabeth Mary, wife of Joseph Smithard, 
clerk in holy orders, assumed the additional name of Hinde. 

(a) Pedigree of Hinde of Stelling ^n& Famih Papers in the possession 

of Mr. T. H. Archer-Hind. 
(/<) Pedigree of Hinde of Ovington in the possession of Mrs. 

(c) Durham Probate Registry, 
(a) M. I. Bywell St. Andrew. 

(e) Bywell St. Andrew Register. 

(y") Ovinghatn Register. 

(g) .M.I. Ovingham. 

\h) Stelling Abstract of Title with Mr 

Joicey's Trustees. 
(/) Bywell St. Peter's Registers. 


Evidences to Hinde Pedigkef. 

December 13th, 1617. Will of William Hynd of Bearle. To be buried in the church of Bywell .Andrew. To 
my son, Henry Hynd, my brown horse ; to Jane Hynd, my son's daughter, £$ ; to Jane, Margaret, Mary, and 
Beler, daughters of George Simpson, every of them two ewes ; to my daughter, M.^bel Simpson, two ewes ; to my 
wife Jane, and my son Henry Hynd, my tenement, my houses and all my goods between them, they executors. John 
Browen of Newton-hall, supervisor. Proved, 17th August, 1618. Inventory, /"144 8s. od. Durham Probate Registry. 

20th March, 1654/5. Will of Henry Hinde of Stelling : witnesses Thomas Briscol, William Winship, Henry 
Winship, and Thomas Bates. Ex Mr. T. H. Archer-Hind's Papers. 

February 3rd, 1701. Petition to Sir Nathan Wright, knight. Keeper of the Great Seal, from Henry Hinde of 
Bearle, in the parish of Bywell St. Andrew, yeoman. Reciting that Henry Hind of Stelling, in the parish of Bywell 
St. Peter, yeoman, being seised in fee of Stelling-hall and of the yearly value of /So, worth more than/1,600 to be 
sold, and of lands in Ovington township worth /40 per annum. He had two sons, viz., William Hinde, his eldest son 
and heir apparent, and Oswald. William married with his father's consent but died during the lifetime of his said 
father, leaving Henry Hinde, the orator, his son and heir. Henry Hinde (i.e. the grandfather) died about 30 years 
ago during the orator's infancy without having, by legal disposition, changed the course of inheritance. The orator 
alleges that he is defrauded and kept out of his rightful inheritance by his cousin, William Hinde of Stelling, who is 
son and heir of Oswald Hinde, who was son of Henry Hinde the grandfather. From a contemporary copy in Mr. T. H. 
Archer-Hind's Papers. 


April 3rd, 1711. Will of Henry Hinde of Bearle, yeoman. To be buried at my parish church of Bywell St. 
Andrew. To my second son, Uswan, my personal estate ; to my son, John Hind, one horse, one cowe, and one 
quie ; to my son, Ralph Hinde, one mare, one cowe, and two stotts ; to my loving wife, one cowe and the half cropp ; 
to my eldest son, William Hinde, one horse, one stott, and one quarter of the half cropp ; likewise, I give to my 
sons, John and Ralph, the other half ; to Elizabeth and Sarah Marshall, 30s. a-piece. My eldest son, William Hind, 
executor. Proved, 1711. Inventory, £^2. Durham Prohale Registry. 

July, 1769. Will of Oswald Hind of Stelling. I give to my son-in-law, William Archer of Durham, 
merchant, my capital messuage, township, village, and grange of Stelling now in my own occupation and in that of 
William Coulson, my tenant, and also my lands in Shildon-common, in trust for the use of my son, George Hind, in 
tail male, remainder to my son, John Hind, remainder to my three daughters ; my lands in Ovington expectant on 
the death of Elizabeth Hind, my wife, in trust to the use of my son John Hind, remainder to my son George Hrnd, 
remainder to my three daughters ; lo my son, John Hind, ^27 per annum ; to my son, Oswald Hind, 15s. gd. per 
month to be paid out of Stelling and a similar sum to be paid out of my lands in Ovington. My daughters, Elizabeth 
and Margaret Hind, spinsters, and Mary, wife of the said William Archer. Proved at Durham, 7th September, 17S1. 
Messrs. Joicey's Newton-hall and Stelling Papers. 

October 13th, 1835. Will of Elizabeth Archer Hind of Ovington Lodge. To Sarah Hodgson of Bcnwell-house, 
widow, an annuity of .^300 per annum, and subject thereto I give all my real and copyhold estates to John Hodgson of 
Elswick in tail male, remainder to his third brother, Thomas Hodgson, remainder to his second brother, Richard 
Hodgson, remainder to Beresford Watson, second son of William Watson of North Seaton. Proved at Durham, i6th 
May, 1836. Iliid. 


The township of Broomley, which abuts on the river Tyne and stretches 
southward for a distance of two miles and a half, has a greatest width of 
about three miles from east to west, and comprises an area of 3,594 acres, 
including 295 acres in seven detached pieces.' It is watered by the 
Stocksfield burn, which takes its rise on the watershed not far from 
Minsteracres, and by the Hindley burn, Bates burn, and other smaller 
watercourses. The township, of which a considerable part remained open 
and unenclosed until 18 17, contains the mansions, homesteads or hamlets of 
Broomley,- Birches-nook, Hindley, Horse-close, Kipperlin, Leadhill, Merry- 
shields, Old and New Ridley, Painshaw-field, Roe-house, Wheelbirks, &c. 
The population in igoi was 941.' 

The township is crossed from north-west to south-east by Watling 
Street on its way from Ebchester to Corbridge. At a short distance to the 
south of the Lead-hill, where Watling Street is crossed at right angles by the 
Lead-road, there is a slight turn in the road, and at this turn a fort. The 
fort, which has been about thirty yards square, is placed over 400 feet 

' Certain of the detached portions comprising 289 acres were added in 1887 to Healey and Mickley 
townships respectively by order of the Local Government Board. 

= A Baptist Chapel was opened at Broomley, 9th May, 1835, Richardson, Tixhk Book. 

3 The Census Returns are : 1801, 260 ; 1811, 318 ; 1821, 354 ; 1831, 345 ; 1841, 314 ; 1851, 409 ; 
1861,478; 1871,473; 1881,389; 1891,676; 1901, 941, including Apperley and Stocksfield. 


above the sea-level, and commands a wide prospect. Near it is a mound 
which attracted the attention of Horsley/ who found it to consist mostly of 
stones covered with <;reen turf ; it may cover an interment. 

The spelling of Broomley has varied little since the year 1240, when 
under the form of Bromley it is enumerated in the list of members of the 
barony of Baliol;^ the word sometimes assumes the form of Broomleigh. 

The earliest mention of Broomley is in a charter made soon after the 
year 1200, preserved in the Treasury at Durham, in which Hugh de Baliol 
confirms to Gilbert, son of Alden of Hindley, the lands granted to him by 
Hugh's father Eustace de Baliol.' 

Adam the forester, of Broomley, was one of the defendants in a suit 
brought by John de Thornbrough, respecting common of pasture on Shildon 
moor, at the Northumberland Assizes of 1256.* The same Adam had a 
grant from John de Baliol of a toft, of late held by Robert scissor, in 
Bromleye and thirty-six acres of land in the culture called Sunniside, 
rendering 9s. and making the service due from three bovates in the barony 
of Bywell.^ In 1268 there were in Bromley four free tenants, viz., the 
above-named Adam the forester, Walter de Bromley, William de Falderley, 
and John de Hyndeley, who held 148 acres in all, and paid 25s. 2d. per 
annum. There were ten bond tenants, one of whom held twenty-eight acres 
and paid 14s. 6d., and the other nine twenty-five acres apiece and paid 13s. gd. 
each ; seven cottage tenants who together held thirty-three acres and paid 
24s. 6d.; the brewery produced 6s., and the total value of the vill was 
fy 14s. iid.^ 

' 'About half a mile north from Whittonstall is a remarkable turn in it [the military way], and at 
this turn an exploratory fort of about thirty yards square.' Horsley, Britannia Romana, p. 398; cf. 
Sir David Smith's collections, at Alnwick castle, and MacLauchlan, Survey of Walling Strai. 

- Testa de Nevill, Record Series, p. 385. 

^ Misc. Chart. No. 345. Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego Hugo de Baill' concessi et hac praesenti 
carta mea confirmavi Gilberto filio Alden' de Hyndeleya pro homagio et serv. suo donum patris mei 
Eustacii de Baill', scil., duas bovatas terrae in villa de Bromleya quas Robertus Neucumen tenuit, cum 
tofto et crofto ad praed. ij bovatas terrae pertinentibus. Habendas et ten. sibi et her. suis de me et her. 
meis in feodo et hereditate, libere et quiete ab omni servicio et cons, et exactione cum omn. libert. et 
aisiamen. in villa de Bromleya pertinentibus, sicut sua carta quam habet de patre meo Eustacio de Baill' 
proloquitur et testatur. Hiis testibus. Ingeramo de Baill', Hugone de Normanuilla, Bernardo de Areines, 
Thoma de Amundeuilla tunc senescaldo, Henrico de Vi, Widone de fontibus, Amfrido de Bail!', Radulfo 
de Gunewertone, Roberto de Hyndeleya, Ada marescaldo, et aliis. Seal Equestrian. A different seal 
from that described on page 37, and of poorer work. 

* Assize Rolls, Northumberland, 40 Hen. III. Page, pp. 20, 52. Surt. Soc. No. 88. 

' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 346. The witnesses are Domini Gwydo de Areynes, Petrus de 
Gunwarton, Petrus Bataill, Robertus de Heddon, milites, Elyas de Stokefeld, Willelmus de Ryhill, Elyas 
de Fayrhill, Ricardus de Heleye, Willelmus de Bromleye, Hugo de Acum, 

6 Iitq. p.m. Joh. de Baillol, 53 Hen. III. No. 43. 



In an extent of the lordship of Bywell taken three years afterwards it is 
stated that there were then in Bromley nine husbandmen, each of whom 
held twenty -five acres of land and paid 13s. lod., and one bond tenant who 
held twenty-eight acres and paid 14s. yd. a year for all services. There were 
six cottars, each of whom had a cottage ; they held twelve acres of land in 
common and paid 18s. 6d. a year ; a certain potter had a cottage with a 
courtyard, ^ captens limiim terrae ad ollas faciendas,' and paid 6s. a 
year. The brewhouse was worth 7s. a year, and that year there had been 
received of six selfodes' i8d., 'sometimes more sometimes less.' William 
de Falderley held twenty-four acres by charter and for all services paid 
yearly one pound of pepper worth I2d. Adam the forester held forty-two 
acres and paid 9s. a year. John of Hyndley held forty-eight acres and 
paid yearly one pound of pepper. Walter de Bromley held forty-six 
acres and paid yearly lis. 6d., and for Lamepot Strother 3s. 4d. ; Robert 
Filber paid 6s. a year. The sum of the whole farm of Bromley was 
;^io 3s. 3d.- 

In 1279 William Fairware was slain in the vill of Bromleye by Thomas 
Moppe, who forthwith fled, whereupon his chattels, which were valued 
at 3s. gd., were seized by the sheriff.' 

Bromelev Subsid\ 









bonorum Adae filii Hugonis 



unde regi 




Johannis filii Adae 








Adae filii Baldwyni 








Willelmi de Reddeley ... 







Thomae de Appiltreley . . . 






Johannis filii Aydrop 






Walteri de Akum 






Andreae filii Roberti 






Hugonis filii Adae 






Teffaniae filiae Roberti ... 






Johannis filii Dianae 






Willelmi de Bakworth ... 








Johannis filii Christianae ... 






Willelmi Pastoris 





totalis hujus villae, ^16 12s. 




i, 30s 

. 3d. (sic). 

' For instances of this word and for possible explanations of its meaning see Mr. F. W. Dendy's 
paper on 'The Ancient Farms of Northumberland.' Arch. Act. vol. xvi. p. 145. 

^ Inq.p.m. Hug. de Balliol, 55 Hen. III. No. 33. 

' Assize Rolls, Northumberland, 7 Edw. I., Page, p. 344. Surt. .Soc. No. S8. 

Vol. VI. 



By a deed, dated at Bromley on the lytli July, 1320, Johanna, daughter 
of William de Braithwayt, and widow of Robert, son of John de Lascelles, 
gave a messuage and toft and four bovates of land in Bromley to Robert the 
tanner, a burgess of Newcastle.^ 

Four years afterwards Adam de Meneville obtained a grant of lands 

in the vills of Bromley and Temple Heley from Galfrid, son of William 

de Pollowe." 

Bromley Subsidy Roll, 1336. 

Adam filius Willelini, 4s. ; Robertus de Riddynge, 2s. ; Willelimis carpentariiis, 3s. ; Thomas de 
Bromley, 2s. ; Thomas Kemp', is. 5d. ; Summa, 12s. 5d. 

Nicholas de Skelton, who was possessed of certain rents, services, and 
tenements in the vill of Brumley in 1357,' conveyed them to Sir Adam de 
Hoton, chaplain, who 18 years later reconveyed the same to Robert de 
Skelton." The latter seems forthwith to have sold the property to John 
Lewen of Durham, who in 1378 gave a power of attorney to his son, 
Walter Lewen, ^ to take possession.'' 

' Pateat quod ego Johanna fiha Willehni de Brathtwayt, uxor quondam Robert! filii Johannis de 
Lasceles, in mea viduitate et legia potestate, dedi Roberto le tanner, Ijurgensi villae Novi Castri super 
Tynam, unum mesuagium cum omnibus toftis meis, et quatuor bovatas terrae cum omnibus suis 
pertinentiis in Bromlay juxta Bywell. Habend. etc., cum omnibus suis pertinentiis et aisiamentis prope 
et procul, &c., cum pannagio quieto de propriis porcis suis per totam forestam de Bywell. Hus 
testibus. Dno Johanne de Fenneuyk tunc \icecom. Northumbriae. Dnis Ricardo de Horselei, Roberto 
de Fauden. militibus, Ada de MayneuiUe, Johanne de Normanuille, Simone de Weltedene, Willelnio 
de Riddelei, .'Vda Stirk et aliis. Datum apud Bromlei, 17th July, 1320. ByK^l:ll Papers, Rev. John 
Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' 389. 

- Dur. Trms. Misc. Chart. No. 347. 

' Sciant quod ego Nicholausde Skelton dedi Dno Adae de Hoton capellano omnesredditus .... 
terras et tenemen. mea in villa et campis de Bromley juxta Biwell. In cujus, &c. Hiis testibus, Alano 
del Strother tunc vicecom. Northumbriae, Willo de .^ieneuille, Thonia Forestar', Johanne filio Laurentii, 
Cuthberto filio Laurencii, Willo Ayrigh et aliis. Datum apud 15romley die Martis in crastino Sci Gregorii, 
1357. Seal round f inch diameter. On a shield, /ess cnj^riiikd between three mullets »J< SIGILLVM 
NICHOLAI DE SKELTOVN. Byzvcll Papers, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' 391. 

' Pateat . . . quod ego Adam de Hoton capellanus remisi Roberto de Skelton omne jus quod 
habui de dono et fcofifamenti Nicholai de Skelton in Bromley. Hiis testibus. Radulpho de Deuson, 
Waltero Hauwick, Johanne de Willy, Radulpho de Malteby et aliis. Datum apud Hawthorn m crastmo 
Convercionis Sci Pauli. A.D. m.ccc.lxxv. Byzeell Papers, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' 391. 

'' 1 397- '398- Walter Lewyn had Bishop Skirlaw's pardon for accidentally killing John, son of 
Margery Moke of Framwellgate, Durham, aged 6 years. The said Walter was shooting at the butts 
near Framwellgate, and the said John, and John son of the said Walter, were sitting in a ditch close by, 
when a bolt shot by the said Walter just touched the butt, glanced over it and struck the said John so 
that he died. T,yd Report of Deputy Keeper of Public Records, appendix, p. 70. 

^ Pateat . . . quod ego Johannes Lewyne de Dunelm. constitui et in loco meo posui Walterum 
Lewyne filium meum et heredem attornatum meum ad recipicndam seisinam in omnibus terris, 
tenementis, &c., in villa el in canipo de Broomlay quae fuerunt juris Roberti de Skelton, secundum vim et 
formam cartae unde confcctae, &c. Hiis testibus. Willo de Schorowton, Thoma de Petyngton, Roberto 
Warkar et aliis. Datum apud Dunelm. die Sabbati prox. ante festum decoUacionis Sci Johannis 
Baptistae, A.D. m.ccc.lxxviii. Byirel! Papers, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' 389. 


In 1 4 14 the free tenants in Broomley were John de Erington, who held 
a messuage, a cottage, and 30 acres of land, paying 6d. per annum, and 
Walter Lewyng, who held two tenements and 48 acres of land. 

Tenants in Bromle, 1414.' 




Acres of Land. 




Cottage. Acres of Land. 

s. d. 

Waltenis Dayll . 


. 48 ... 



Johannes Dodde . 

.. I ... 6 ... 

I 3 

Edwardus Wright . 


. 72 ... 



Johannes Pykering. 

.. 1 ... 6 ... 

I 3. 

Johannes Walker . 


. 24 ... 


Johannes Watson . 

.. I ... 6 ... 

I 3 

Johannes Pykering. 


. 24 ... 


Ricardus Wright . 

I ...siveterra... 


Willehmis Walker. 


. 48 ... 


Tenentes villae de 

Hronile tenent ISronile- 

Robertus .Smylh . 




hope, etc., 



When the inquisition on the death of Ralph Nevill, earl of Westmorland, 
was taken at Corbridge on ]6th April, 1426, the vill of Brumle was in a 
miserable condition. There were two cottages worth I2d. a year each and 
100 acres of arable land worth id. an acre, but the 8 messuages were worth 
nothing beyond reprises, 200 acres of moor were worth nothing nor were 100 
acres of woodland, because there was no underwood." About the same 
period John Errington and Elizabeth, his wife, held two messuages, 40 acres 
of arable land and 8 acres of meadow in Bromleye,^ and Sir John Widdring- 
ton, who died about 1443, was seised of half a messuage, 40 acres of arable 
land and 8 acres of meadow in Bromley, besides lands at Little Whittington 
and Aydon in the adjacent parish of Corbridge.^ 

In 1524 Robert Lewyn held certain lands in Bromlegh as a free tenant. 

Tenants in Bromelegh, 1524.'' Rent. 

s. d. 

John Fyrbek, senior i tenement 12 o 

Thomas Firbek, late Robert Firbek, his father i „ and | cottage ... 8 7 

John Fyrbek, junior i „ „ i .1 8 7 

Nicholas Colstayne, late Robert Colstayne ... ... ... i ,, „ 3 husbandlands ... 23 9 

Cuthbert Wilkynson ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 „ ... ... ... ... 8 o 

Robert Sharpeharowe, late William Sharpeharowc, his father i „ ... ... ... ... 15 4 

Thomas Baytes, late John Wardle ... ... ... ... i „ ... ... ... ... 8 o 

Cuthbert Ratclyff, esq., free rent issuing out of his land, late John Cartington o 9 

Total ... .£450 

Brumle Muster Roll, 1538.' 

Edwerd Robynson, Cuthbart Wylkynson, Thomas Bate, Robert Sharpero, John Hewart, Thomas 
Newton, Matho .Stobart, Robert Farbyk. Richard Egglyson ; able with hors and harness. 

' P.R.O. Ri'iitiils ami Surveys portfolio l'{. 

- Inq. p.m. Ralf Nevill, earl of Westmorland. 4 Hen. VI. No. 37. 

^ Hodgson, Nortliunibcrland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 272. 

* Inq. p.m. Joh. Wideryngton. 22 Hen. VI. No. 53. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 274. 

'P.R.O. Rentals and Surveys portfolio Jj!. " Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 17S. 




Arms : Argent, a beml /ireUsse gules, over all a pvlcul/is in (hief azure. Bril. Mus. 
Add. MS. 13,477, fol- '3- Carr MS. in Toiige's Visitation, p. 65. 

John LeWIN of Durham purchased lands in Broomley circa 137S y 

Walter Lewen, to whom his father gave a power of attorney in 1378, to take possession ■■ 
of his lands in Broomley (k"). 

Walter Lewen of the bishopric of Durham = Alice, daughter of Nicholas John, living 

(a) (i). I Sabraon (a) {b). 1397. 

Richard Lewen, son and heir (a) ((5). = daughter of William Claxton («) ((5) John (a) (/<). Daughters (a) (Jj). 


Robert Lewen (a) (d), son and heir, = Maud, daughter of Thomas (a) (/y), 

named in his father-in-law's will, 21st 
April, 1502 (i) ; owner of lands in 
Broomley in 1525. 

William Astley, of 
Aislaby, co. York. 

W 0). 


John Lewen (a) (li). 
? [Elizabeth, daughter of John Lewen 
of Newcastle, married John Hagthorpe 
of Nettleworth, co. Durham C-^).] 

William Lewen, son and heir (a) {/>). = Alice, daughter of Lancelot Heslerigg of Swarland (a) (/;). Lancelot, died s.p. («) (li). 

Margaret, daughter of 
Gilbert Middleton 
of Newcastle, mer- 
chant adventurer, 
and of Silksworth 
(a) (^) ic) (A). 

Robert Lewen of Newcastle (a), was apprenticed 
1519 to Gilbert Middleton, and was admitted 
(reeofthe Merchants'Company I524-I525(/) ; 
sheriff, 1541; mayor, 1544 and 1552; M.P. 
■553i 155^ ^"<1 '559 (0 ; owned lands at 
Hetton by descent {g) ; died 1563, buried, St. 
Nicholas («) ; will dated 26th Nov., 1563, 
proved 1563 (/). 

Jane, daughter of Chris- 
topher Brigham of 
Newcastle (a) (Ji), as 
a widow resided at 
Yorke's Place, par. of 
All Saints ; bur. St. 
Nicholas ; will dated 
13th June, 1569(0. 

Lancelot Lew- 
en («) (O. 
Thomas, died 

s.p. («) (/')■ 

Lewen, son 
and heir 

(«) (0, 
to whom 
his father 
gave the 
manor of 

Gilbert Lewen, 
(a) {/i), clerk in 
orders, master 
of the hospital 
of St. Mary 
Magdalen in 
1 540 (0 ; liv. 
26th Nov., 
1562 (0. 

Christopher Lewen ' 
(a) (/() of Newcastle 
and of Hetton, 1573 
(g) ; sheriff 1576(c), 
' the most efficient 
and wise man of 
that town ' (a") ; 
sold his lands in 
Broomley in 1585. 

■Anne, liv. Edward Lewen (a) (/<) of Newcastle 
1569 (Ji), and of Hetton-le-Hole, which he 
had an sold 14th .Xpril, 1607 (^); sheriff, 
interest 1577 (c) ; mayor 1587 ; governor 

in Hetton of the Merchants' Company in the 
and was same year; M.P. 1586 and 1592 
living in (d); 'zealous in religion,' and 
1611 (f). principal seeker of the reformation 

of the town' (d) ; died 1619 ; 

buried, St. Nicholas («). ^ 

Robert Lewen (a) 
(/O of Newcastle, 
living 26th Nov., 
1562, and 9th 
March, 1592 (a'). 
William (a) (/')■ 
Michael (a) (-5), 
died s.f-. before 
26th November, 
1562 (c). 

Thomas Lewen, party to the sale of Hetton 

in 1607 (i-). 

Christopher Lewen of Newcastle, apprenticed 1593 
to Robert Atkinson of Newcastle, mercer (/). 

(a) Brit. Mus. Add. .MS. 12,477, folio 13. 
(li) Heralds' Visitation of Northumberland, 
(c) Welford, Neii'castle and Gateshead, vol 

376, 426, 475, 487. 
{d) Ibid. vol. iii. p. 71, 113. 
le) Welford, St. Nicholas Church, pp. 14, 16. 
(/) Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol 

(,^) Surtees' Durham, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 214. 
1615. (/O Heralds' Visitation of Durham, 1575. 

ii. pp. 203, 236, (:) Cf. Will of William Astley of Aslabie, dated 21st 
April, 1502. Surt. Soc. No. 22,pp.xxxvii.and xxxviii. 

(Ji) Abstract of Title, Rev. John Hodgson, Collection ' W,' 

P- 387- 
(/) Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. 1. pp. 210, 303. 


Evidences to Lewen Pedigree. 

'The pedigre and descente of Roberte Lewen, merchante, of Newcastell. 

Watre Lewen, of the bushoperycke of Durham, raaryed Alys, the dowghter [of] Nycholas Sabram, and had 
issue Richard and John, and certayne dowghters. 

Richard maryed the dowghter to William Claxston, and he had issue Roberte, and Thomas, 

and John. 

Roberte maryed Maude, dowghter to Asheley [Astley] of Aslebye, in the bushoprycke of Durham, and had 
issue William, and Lancelote sanz issue. 

William, the son of Roberte, maryed Alys, dowghter to Lancelote Hasellryge of Northumberlande, and had issue 
Roberte, now lyvynge merchante of Newcastell, Lancelote, and Thomas. The sayd Thomas sanz issue. 

Roberte, now of Newcastell, maryed Jane, dowghter to Christofer Brygam of Newcastell, and had issue Christofer 
Edward and Roberte, Wiilliam, Myghell, sanz issue. 

The said Roberte maryed to his first wyf Margerett, dowghter to Gylberte Mydelton of Cylsewourthe, in the 
bushoprycke of Durham, and had issue by her George and Gylberte.' Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 12,477, fol. 13. 

There are numerous entries respecting this family in Newcaslk Merchant Adventurers., vol. ii., and in 
Brand, Newcastle. 

November 26th, 1563. Will of Robert Lewin of Newcastle. I gyve to my wyffe a standing coupe with a 
cover gylt, a dosin spones, a payre of gylt salts and the teand corne of Ravingswourth duringe ray years. I gyve to 
my son, George Lewin, yff he be livinge, a goune furred with black cony, a cassock of dammack, a whit bonnet. 
I gyve to Christofor Lewen, my son, what gowne he lyketh best, a jaccot of vylvit, a dublit of sattaine, my sworde 
and dagar. I give to Edward Lewen, my son, another gowne, a jackat or cassact of worstet, and my best gonne, 
my shouthinge bowes and shafts. I give to Robert Lewen, my son, the resedu of my apparell, at my wyfe's 
dyscression. I gyve my reinge with ye seall of my armes to George Lewen, and yf he be departed, then I gyve the 
same ring to my son, Christofor Lewen .... I give to my cosin, Mr. John [ . . . . ] of Chister-in-the-Stret, my 
dage with ye case, and all things thereto belonging ; and to my cosine, his wife, my gray stayge .... I gyve to 
my cosyn, Christofor Mytfourt, my best paire marturs. Proved 1563. Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. i. p. 211. 

June 13th, 1569. Will of Jeanne Lewen of Newcastle, widow. To be buryed in ye parishe churche off Sanct 
Nycholas, with my mortuarye deu and by lawe accustomed. I gyve to my sone, Christofor Luen, two salts of sylver, 
with a cover gylt, and a ringe of gold vvrithen ; to Anne Lewen, wyff to ye said Christofor Lewen, my best goune and 
my best kirtle of saltan ; to my son, Robert Lewen, on standinge cupe of sylver with a cover gylt, and, in money, 
ye some of £10 ; to my sone, Edward Lewen, a dosine sylver spones, havinge my husband's armes of them. I gyve 
to Margrat Barnes, wedoo, ^3 6s. 8d., one cassick, a gowne of brode clothe frynged with blake sylke, my best cloke and 
my lynnyn clothes ; and to Alles Barnes a gowne of worsted and a napron of worsted. I gyve to Elizabethe 
Brigham, my brother's doughter, one cassick of growgram, and to hir sister, Anne Stell, my blake taffattye kirtle ; 
to my cosinge, Jeanne Jonson, on ringe with a diamonnd stone in yt, the which ringe was her mother's ; to 
my cosine, Mr. Christofor Mytfourd, one diamonnde stone, sett in a lytle peace of gold ; to my cosine, Mr. William 
Sherwood, one like diamond, sett in gold. I gyve to my sone, Christofor Lewen, my house wherein I do nowe dwell 
in, and of old tyme called Yorkes-place, remainder to my son Edward, remainder to my son Robert ; to my good 
Mrs. Pilkinton, my lord of Durham's wyffe, one ringe of gold with a rube stone in yt, for a token ; to Mr. Vicar, 
Mr. Mackbraye, for my forgotten teathes, 40s. ; to my cosinge, Mr. John Hagthrop of Nyttelsworthe, one old ryall ; 
to ye four curats of this towne, every of them, los. I gyve to four poore skoUers of Cambridge, being born in this 
towne, everye one of them los. towards yr helps. My son Edward e.xecutor. Durham Wills and Inventories, 
vol. i. p. 305. 

Robert Lewyn, who in 1525 held lands in Bromlegh by the payment of 
a pound of pepper as a free rent to the manor of Bywell/ was probably the 
great-great-grandson of John Lewen of Durham who held lands in Bromley 
in the year 1378. In a lease which Robert Lewen granted to Janet Newton 
on November 28th, 1543, he is described as of Newcastle, as he also is in the 
deed dated February 12th, 1555/6, by which, for the sum of_£'i6 13s. 4d., he 
released to Cuthbert Newton of Broomley a messuage, cottage and croft in 

■ Arch. Acl. new series, vol. i. p. 133. 


Broomley, with all lands belonging thereto. Nineteen years afterwards, 
on January ::nd, 15S4/5, Christopher Levven of Hetton, son and heir of 
Robert Levven of Newcastle, deceased, for the sum of ^20, conveyed 
other lands in Broomley to the same Cuthbert Newton.^ 

In the survey of the attainted earl of Westmorland's estates made in 
1570, it was stated that there were in Bromley two free tenants who held by 
charter in free socage, viz., Cuthbert Newton, who held a tenement, a croft, 
and 14 acres of arable land, meadow, and pasture, for which he paid 2s. 4d. 
yearly and the price of one pound of pepper ; and Edward Lawson, who held 
a cottage, a croft, and 1 1 acres of arable land in the common fields of Bromley, 
for which he paid gd. yearly and one pound of pepper.- There purported to 
be thirteen tenements held under leases, granted by the earl previous to his 
attainder, and three cottage tenants. 

Bromley, 1570. Yearly rem. 

Tenant. Holding Tenure. C s. d. 

William Bates I tenement, €tc. ... 21 years, lease dated 15th Sept., 1566 ... 092 

John Forbeck J „ ... „ ^„ i5tli Jmie, 1566 ... 015 8 

Andrew Taylour i „ ... „ * „ 3rd Aug., 1566 ... 094 

Blaise Bates i „ ... „ „ 14th July, 1566 ... o 16 7 

William Sharprowe ... i „ ... „ „ 15th Sept., 1566 ... 015 4 

Mathew Stobart ... ... i „ ... „ „ 15th Sept., 1566 ... 012 o 

William Hudspeth 1 „ ... , „ 15th Sept., 1566 ... o 911 

Christopher Firebryg, assig- 
nee of Hugh Lytle ... 1 „ ... „ „ 20th Feb., 1565/6 

Alexander Angus {' .he'BotehS} " " 24th Sept., 1566 

William Tomson i tenement ... „ „ 15th Sept., 1566 ... 01; 

Cuthbert Usher i „ ... „ „ 31st July, 1566 ... 016 

John Usher, jun. ... ... i „ -.• 

JohnHynde { 'nigWey Woodhouse} '° y^-'''-^ '^^^^ " '5th Sept., .566 ... o n 

The tenants and inhabitants of Ferle, common of pasture in Bromley common by ancient 

custom 090 

The tenants and inhabitants of Fawderlye, common of pasture in Bromley common by ancient 

custom ... ... ... ... ... .•• •■• ... ••• ...050 

The tenants and inhabitants of Hely, common of pasture in Bromley common by ancient custom 020 

£'■) 7 o 
There were also 3 cottage tenants, whose rents amounted to 5s. a year. 

With this list may be compared the following statement compiled from 
details entered in the Patent Rolls of the i8th and 37th years of Elizabeth, 
when Crown leases for periods of twenty-one years were granted to Sir 
Francis Russel, knight, and to John Ward, gentleman, respectively : 

' Rev. John Hodgson's Collection ; Byu'ell Guard Book, and ' W,' p. 387. ' Hall and Humberston's Survey. 

o 12 
o 13 
o 1; 

O I( 

o 16 8 



Tenants in Bromley in 1576 and 1595.' 

Tenant in 1576. 
William Bates - 
John Forebeck 
Andrew Taylor 
151aise Bates 
William Sliarperowe 

Mathew Stobarte 

William Hudspeth ... 
Christopher Fierbrigge, as- 
signee of Hugh Lyttle... 
Alexander Angus 

William Thomson ... 
Cuthbert Usher 

John Usher ... 
John llynde 

Geoffrey Lawson 

Nicholas Lawson ... 

John Ferbricke 

A common in the 
\ common in the 
A common in the 

Tenant in 1595. 

Anthony Ratcliffe, gent 

William Taylor ... 
George Bates 
Robert Sharperowe 
Edmund .Stobert... 

John Usher 

Matthew Carre 
Georue Usher .. 

a tenement, etc. 

a tenement called the 

Botehouse, etc. 
a tenement, etc. 
a tenement called Faire- 

male, etc. 


Thomas Lawson ... 

Edward Lawson... 

Jane Brantingham, widow 



s. d. 

12 .. 

. 9 2 

20 .. 

. .5 8 

12 .. 

• 9 4 

14 .. 

. 16 7 

14 .. 

• 15 4 

12 .. 

. 12 

10 .. 

. 9 II 

a tenement, etc. 
a tenement called Highley 
Woodhouse, closes con- 
taining, by estimation, 

12 ac. 

a cottage and croft 
a cottage and garden 
a cottage and garden 
tenure of the tenants of the vill of Ferle by ancient custom 
tenure of the tenants and inhabitants of Fawderley by ancient 
tenure of all the tenants of the vill of Hely by ancient custom 

4 ••• 13 2 

5 ■•■ 13 4 

7 ... 16 8 

6 ... 16 8 

— ... 

1 1 

— ... 



— ... 


- ... 







The two freehold tenements, in 1608, were held by Cuthbert Newton 
and the heirs of Edward Lawson.^ If the following list of leasehold 
tenants is compared with the similar list made thirty-eight years before, 
it will be seen that the latter should be read as if the vill comprised, 
not the thirteen full holdings therein described but eleven full and two 
half tenements.^ 

' Pat. Rolls, 18 Eliz. pt. 5 and 37 Eliz. pt. 5. 

- 15S6/7, 20th January. Will of William Baits, of the towne of Broomeley, in the parish of Bywel 
Peter. To be buried at Bywel Peter. Thomas Usher and Barberie Baites, my wife, executors. To 
my said wife, my tytell of a tenement or farmehokl in Bromeley and my goods. In case anything 
doth come to Barberie Baits but good, then George Baits, my brother, to have the said tenement in 
Bromeley. Witnesses, Blaise Baites, George Baites, Thos. Usher, Geo. Lawson. Raine, Test. Dunelm. 
(unindexed vol. p. 51). 

^ Haggat and Ward's Survey. 

* It is probable that the half tenements in the 1608 list are the two tenements of Cuthbert 
Usher and John Usher, jun., of 1570, held as to one moiety by John Usher and as to the other moiety 
by George Usher and Thomas Carr. 



Thomas Augoucl 
John Farcbeck 
William Taylcr 
George Bates 
Robert Sharperooc ... 
Edmund Stobbert ... 
William Hudspeth ... 
Christopher Farebeck 
Alexander .A.ngus 
Cuthbert Richardson , 
Henry Fairebarne ■ 
Henry Robson / 

John Usher 
George Usher 1 

Thomas Carre > 

Tenants Holding ry Lease in P.romlev, 1608.' 

r>y loiters patent dated July iSth, 1595 

Tenement. Former tenant 
William Bates 

Michael Walton 

.'\ndre\v Taylcr 
lilaize Bates 
William Sharperoore 
Mathew .Stobbert ... 
William Bates 
(called Rawhole) ... 
(called the 'botehouse'^ 

(called Wheelebirkes) 
William Thompson 

(called Fearlemay) 
Cuthbert Usher 



beyond Rent 

s. <1. 

s. d. 

9 4 

... 30 

15 8 

... 40 

9 4 

... 30 

16 7 

- 53 4 

15 4 

- 53 4 


- 33 4 

9 " 

... 30 

12 2 

••• 33 4 

13 2 

- 35 


\ (called Heelywood house) „ „ ,< 

/ John Ourde 

The tenants of Fearle hold certain common of pasture on the common of Broineley 
„ Fetherley „ „ „ >, » 

„ Heely „ i, „ n n 



35 o 

40 o 

40 o 

•50 o 

.Some of farm rents of Bromley ^9 7 i 
There were also three cottage tenants whose yearly rents amounted to 5s. 

By letters patent, dated November 19th, 1610, March 14th, 1610/1, and 
February 28th, 161 1/2, certain tenements in Broomley were granted to John 
Eldred and William Whitmore of London to hold for a period of 60 years.^ 
By letters patent, dated 2nd June, 1625, lands in Bromley of the yearly 
rent of ^^9 12s. 5d., beyond i6d. for decay of rent of a cottage in Bromley, 
were granted to Edward Allen, George Whitmore, and other citizens of 
London.' Four years later, the rents of the free tenants in Bromley, the 
tenement called Botehouse, and certain other lands, of the value of ;^8 lis. 
per annum, the tenement called Eastwoodhouse, of I2d. yearly rent, and 
three cottages of the yearly rent of 5s., all in Bromley, were granted to 
William White, William Stevenson, and John Perkins, of London, to hold 
of the king as of the manor of East Greenwich." In 1663 Mr. George 
Algood of He.xham,' William Newton of Broomley, W. Sharper, John 
Baites, and Farbridge's land were each rated at £8, while Edmond Stobart 
was rated at £6 and W. Taylor at £4 for their freeholds in Broomley." 

' Haggat and Ward's Survey. " Pat. Rolls, 8 James I. pt. 57. Ibiil. 8 James I. pt. 19. Ibid. 9 James I. pt. 23. 
'Pat. Rolls, I Chas. I. pt. 4- ' 'bid. 5 Chas. I. pt. 9. 

'17th January, 1654. Margaret Allgood of Bromley, Northumberland (with others), petitioned to 
contract for her estate on the Act of 21st October, 1653. Ciil. Com. for Comp. p. 3191. 
' Book of Rates. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 286. 



CUTHBERT Newton of Broomley, purchased lands there, in 1556, from Robert Lewen (a); in 1570 stated to 
hold his lands by charter, in free socage ; party to deed, 2nd January, 1584/5 (a) living iboS. 

William Newton, of Broomley, was rated for lands there in 1663, =Dorothy bur. Thomas Newton, of Ovingham 
and in that year, settled the same upon the marriage of his .oth March, ^-V^^X h Aori7 ,66,] ' 

daughter Barbara («) ; buried 25th January, l675/6(/'). 1666/7. ment, l8th Apnl, 1663 {a). 

Robert Newton, son of Tristram = Barbara, daughter and heiress, mar. Thomas Newton, of Bromley, - 

Nelton of Sticksfield; of Broom- sett, isth Xpril, 1663 («) ; party to adm. to h,s personal estate gth 

deeds, 7th September, i68g, and 12th November, 1697 (c) 
September, 1704 (a). 

Newton, of Stocksfield; of Broom- 
ley Jure uxoris, party to deeds, 
7th September, 1689, and 12th 
September, 1704 (a). 

William \both under age at date 
Catherine J" of their father's death. 


Tristram Newton, of Bromley, son and heir, who, 12th Sept., Robert ) bapt. 5th Mary, bapt. 26th April, 

1704, joined with his father and mother in the sale of their William ( Jan., 1671 Qi). 1668 (A), 

lands to John Bacon of Staward (a). 

(a) Abstract of title, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. (J>) Regislers of Bywell St. Peter. 
(c) Durham Prolate Registry. 

Evidences to Newton Pedigree. 
Will of Tristram Newton of . . . . To my sister, Isabella Hunter, ^5, and to her son, John Hunter, £z los.; 
to my sister, Margaret Taylor, ^5, and to her son, John Taylor, £l los.; to Elizabeth Taylor, £2 los.; to the parish 
of Bywell St. Peter, ^5, to be distributed as Mr. Clement thinks fit ; to Auckland parish, £■:. los.; to Jenkin Newton, 
£t. ios.; to Jane Wall, a feather bed and sheets; to Mr. Challoner, to preach my funeral sermon, los. Proved, July, 
1726. Durham Probate Registry. 

Broomley Subsidy or He.\rth Tax Roll, 1665.' 

Widdow Newton, Edward Stobert, Robertt Newton, William Newton, William Sharper, John Bates 
William Taylor, William Hutchinson, Thomas Bell, Henry Amis, Anthony Taylor, Ralph Eltrington, 
George Greene, William Sanderson, Robert Atkinson, Miles Ouser, Stephen Smith, Thomas Carr, 
Edward Taylor, and John Newton were charged upon one chimney each ; John Swinburne was charged 
upon five, and John Swinburne, jun., upon three chimneys. Widdow Taylor, Richard Benbrigg, Leonard 
Bates, George Towbrigg, William Forster, William Leighton, Thomas Hunter, Widdow Newton, not 

In 1663 William Newton of Broomley was rated for his lands there at 
£% per annimi, being in value about a si.xth part of the township. In the 
same year, on April i8th, he settled his farmhold upon his daughter, who was 
contracted in marriage to Robert Newton, a son of Tristram Newton of 
Stocksfield ; twenty-six years later Robert and Barbara Newton being then 
of Broomley mortgaged their messuage to Thomas Teasdale of Steel-hall to 
secure ^120, and on November 30th, i6g8, they, together with their son, 
Tristram Newton, were parties to the transfer of the mortgage to Robert 
Troutbeck of Corbridge, clerk. Six years afterwards, on September 12th, 

' R. R. O. Snh%idy Rolls, i§|. 
Vol. VI. 20 


1704, Robert and Tristram Newton sold their lands in Broomlcv to John 
Bacon of Staward, who, on November 12th, 1724, re-sold the same to 
John Fenwick of Byvvell for the sum of /.500.' 

The Fenwicks gradually bought out the other freeholders of the town- 
ship, and on the division of estates made in 1724 between William Fenwick's 
two daughters and co-heiresses the Roe-house fell to Mrs. Wrightson and 
Broomley itself to Mrs. John Fenwick. 

In 18 1 2 an Act of Parliament" was obtained for the enclosure and 
division of Broomley common, which was found to comprise an area 
of 1412 acres. The commissioners appointed to carry the Act into 
execution made their award on June i6th, 18 17, and after setting out public 
roads and reserving certain quarries and sandpits, they awarded to Mr. 
and Mrs. Septimus Hodson of By well'' 76 acres, being the sixteenth part, 
in consideration of their consent, and 423 acres in respect of rights of 
common of pasture, appurtenant to their lands within the township. They 
also awarded 56 acres to Mr. William Wrightson of Cusworth, and 20 
acres to Mr. John Surtees, respectively, for their lands in Broomley, and 
to the trustees of Mr. William Hodgson of Tone 612 acres, in lieu of 
the rights of common of pasture appurtenant to Healey, and 52 acres for 
lands in Fairlemay and Fotherley ; and to Mr. Mathew Potts, 127 acres 
in lieu of common of pasture appurtenant to lands in Old Ridley. 

Broomley, together with Bywell, was sold in 1820 to Mr. T. W. 
Beaumont, grandfather of Mr, W. C. B. Beaumont, the present owner. 
Roe-house belongs to Mr. H. B. Wrightson of Cusworth. 

Old and New Ridley. 
The three places called Ridley in this parish are distinguished as Old 
Ridley, beantiluUy situated on the brow of the left or west bank of the 
Stocksfield burn, the ancient water corn mill of Ridley-mill and the hamlet 
of New Ridley, near Apperley. Up to the period of the enclosure of 
Broomley common in 181 7, Old and New Ridley continued to be regarded 
as two separate townships, and down to 1833 New Ridley was a township for 
highway purposes.* 

' From Abstract of title, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' p. 386. 

- 52 George IH. An Act for inclosing lands in the parishes of Ovingham, Dywell St. Peter, and 
Bywell St. Andrew, in the county of Northumberland. 

' Mrs. Septimus Hodson was widow and devisee of William Fenwick of Bywell, the representative of 
the above-mentioned Mr. John Fenwick. * Cf. Dickson ; Wards, etc., of Northumberland, p. 70. 


The township of Ryddeley was held by Robert de Meyneuill, in the 
year 1272, by the service of half a knight's fee, doing suit of court at 
Bywell, and paying castle-ward at the castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.' At 
the same period there was a Nicholas de Ryddeley, concerning whose lands 
the Rev. William Greenwell possesses a deed, made in 1292 between John 
de Vallibus and others.'^ 

RvDELEY Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

i s. d. s. d. 

Sunima bonorum Johannis Meynevile ... ... ... ... 286 unde regi 5 3j 

„ Petri Kay 126 „ 2 oh 

„ Johannis del Gren o 13 3 !i ^ -h 

„ Reginald! de Rideley 168 „ 34 

Summa liujus villae, /^6 los. gd. Unde legi, us. lo|d. 

Nothing is known of the place during the fourteenth and following 
century, although Ridleys occur as witnesses in several Whittonstall deeds. 

RvDLE Muster Roll, 1538' : Thomas Taylyor, John Lawson ; able with hors and harnes. 

In the survey of the confiscated estates of Charles, earl of Westmorland, 
made in 1570, it is stated that there were two free tenants in New Ridley, 
holding by charter and military service, viz., Christopher Newton, who paid 
a free rent of 3s. 4d., and Robert Newton, who with his tenement held ti/ia 
plena tcrrct in vStocksfield and paid a free rent of 13d.* 




Oswald Bayly 

I tenement, 


Robert Byrkes 

I tenement 

Robert Bates 

' )i 

Robert Lawson 

^ .» 

Robert Saunder 

* »i 

Anthony Erteryani... 

1 ,^ 

Oswald Usher 

1 ,, called Hyndlcy 

Rydley Nova, , 



Yearly rent. 
£ s. d. 

By lease 


15th Sept., 

1566, for 10 years 

I 2 4 


loth Sept., 




22nd July, 

1 566, for 1 1 years 

13 4 


24th .\ug., 

1566, for 10 years 

13 4 


15th Sept., 



Indenture stolen 


Style By lease dated 24th July, 1566, for II yeais on o 

' Inq. p.m. 55 Hen. HI. No. 2,2i- 

■ Johannes de Vallibus .... Noveritis me quietum clamasse Willelmo de Echewyk . . . totum 

jus quod habui versus dictum Willelmum vel Nicholauin de Ryddeley de tenemento cum manerio, 

toftis, pratis . . . quae habui de dicto Nicliolao ad terminum -xii annorum, salvis dicto Johanni et hered. 
suis capella B. Michaeiis cum claustro, sicut Johannes pater dicti Johannis fuit seisitus per Nicholaum 
de Ryddeley, et uno tofto, et vi acris terrae et prati quas habet de feofamento .^le.vandri et Nicholai de 
Ryddeley, et duabus acris prati in le Bolbek-medew ad dictum toftum pertinentibus, et x acris prati in le 
Salniedew, quas habet per feof. Nicholai de Ryddeley, cum omnimodis dampnis quas ego petii versus 
dictum Willelmum, causa convencionis inter me et dictum Nicholaum prius factae . . . Hiis testibus. 
Domino iMition (sic) capellano de Vlesto, Hugone de Hauwik, Johanne de Wytington. Datum apud 
Wytington, die Jovis pro.\. post festum translationis Sci Thomae martyris, 1292. Endorsed Whityngtone. 

' Arch. A el. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 178. ' Hall and Homberston's Survey. 




Christopher Rawc '. 
Robert Tavlour 

Robert Newton 

Yearly rent. 
£ s. d. 
o 6 S 

RVULEV Nova, 1570 ( coiitimudj. 

Holdin^. Tenure. 

I tenement ... ... Held at the will of the lord ... 

I tenement and Ridley 

water corn mill with 

suit, soc, multure, etc. My lease dated iStli .•\|)ril, i;66, for 21 years 211 8 
a parcel of moor land, 

newly enclosed, con- 

taininL' 20 acres ... Held at the will of the lord i 13 4 

There were also four cottatje tenants, whose rents amounted to 14s. 4d. 

...£() o o 

Christopher and Robert Newton were still living in 1608, and in posses- 
sion of their respective holdings. Besides the leasehold tenants whose 
names and holdings are set out in the following table, there were four 
cottage tenants, who paid 14s. 4d. a year. The surveyors state that they 
were of opinion that the value of the leasehold and cottage lands was 
_^24 13s. 8d. over and above the rents paid. 

Tenants holding by Lease in Ridley, 1608.= 

Tenant. Tenement. Former tenant. Tenure. 

John Bailie ... i Oswald Bailie, his By letters patent granted 23rd Jan., 

father 1590/1 

Mathew Berkes ... i Robert Berkes ... ,, „ ,< 

Christopher Welley i ."Anthony Eldringham By letters patent granted 6th Oct., 

1602, for 21 years 
William Sander ... i Robert Sander, his 

father By lease expired 

Robert Lawson and 

William Taylor... I ... 
Robert Bate 

John Usher ... i (called Hindley Steele) 
Oswald Usher ... 5 „ „ 
Christopher Welley i 

By lease expired ... 
By letters patent granted 26th May, 
1595, for 21 years 

Christopher Rowe 
Gilbert Newton .. 
William Tayler .. 

William Tayler 

By letters patent granted 6th Oct., 
1602, for 21 years 

At the lords will ... 

20 acres of land... 
Ridley corn mill late in 

the tenure of Robt. By letters patent granted 6th Oct.. 

Tayler, his father ... 1602, for 21 years 

I tenement ... ... ,. ,, 1, 


£ s. 


beyond rent. 

£ s. d. 





































00 600 

o 16 8 

I 17 o 

£9 II 8^22 10 4 

' A tenement, garden, orchard, and 4 acres of arable land, meadow and pasture, in Ridley, in the 
occupation of Gilbert Robson, but formerly in the tenure of Christopher Rawe, parcel of the possessions 
of John Swinburne, attainted, were granted to John Warde, gentleman, for a term of 21 years, at the 
yearly rent of 6s. 8d. Pat. Rulls, 37 Eliz. pt. 18. ' Haggatt and Ward's Survey. 


The free rents issuing out of the lands of Christopher and Robert 
Newton, amounting to 3s. 4d. and 13d., together with lands of the yearly rent 
value of £'] and cottages of the yearly rent of 14s. 4d., were granted on 
the 15th of September, 1629, to William White, William Stevenson, and 
John Perkins, to hold of the king in free and common socage.^ Edward 
Newton of Old Ridley, gentleman, was a freeholder in 1638.' 

Proprietors in Ridley in 1663. 

New Ridley towne : William Lawson, Arthur Taylor and 

Thomas Harrison of New Ridley ... ... ... rated at ^12 o o 

The Common : Gilbert Belley of the Common ... ... „ 14 o o 

Old Ridley : Mr. Edward Newton and Mr. La. Newton' ... „ 36 o o 

Ridley Mill : Arthur Tayler of Ridley Mill' ... ... „ 500 

Ridley Mill, land : Arthur Tayler of Ridley Mill ... ... „ 12 o o 

New Ridley Greveship Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665. 

Arthur Taylor, 2 chimneys; Cuthbert Newton, John Slater, John Thomsoii, William Robinson, 
Gilbertt Belley, Tristram Newton, Lance Newton, Edward Newton, Thomas Snowball, William Newton, 
William Lawson, John Lishman, George Stobbertt, Thomas Harrison, Nicholas Andrew, John Drumwell, 
Cuthbert Lishman, each one chimney ; John Thomson, Thomas Armstrong, George Andrew, Oswald 
Usher, Gavin Cartington, not payable. 

In 1748 Robert Johnson' of Ebchester voted at the election of knights 
of the shire in respect of lands in Old Ridley, and, dying about 1758, 
he gave his lands at Old Ridley to his wife for life, _^i,500 to his daughter, 
Sarah Surtees, and the rest to his son, Cuthbert Johnson. The latter, by 
will dated 24th December, 1762,° gave his manor at Elrington, and his lands 
at Old Ridley and elsewhere, to his son, Robert Johnson, charged with 
certain jointures and portions for younger children. In 1774 John Johnson 
of Ebchester and Joseph Ramsay of Newcastle voted for rent charges arising 

' Pat. Rolls, 5 Chas. L pt. g. ■ Arch. Ael. vol. ii. 4to series, p. 324. 

' Mr. Lancelot Newton of Old Ridley was fined £s in 16S3 for burying his wife in woollen, 
St. Peter's Churchwarden Book: cf. Arch. Ael. vol. xiii. p. 138. 

' The water corn mill in Ridley, ' on the water of Ridley burne,' formerly belonging to the earl of 
Westmorland, was granted May 19th, 1609, to Edward Ferrers of London, mercer, and Francis Phillips 
of the same place, gent. Pat. Rolls, 7 Jas. I. pt. 16. 

On the 2Sth of February, 161 1/2, in a lease for the term of 60 years granted to Eldred, Whitmore 
and others, there were comprised the following tenements in Ridley : Oswald Bayley, 22s. 4d. ; Robert 
Byrk, 15s.; Robert Taylor, us. id.; Robert Bates, 13s. 4d.; Robert Lawson, 13s. 4d.; Robert Sander, 
6s. 8d.; Christopher Rawe, 6s. Sd.; Isabel Usher, 6s. 4d.; Robert Spencer, is. Pat. Rolls, 9 Jas. I. pt. 23. 

° 22nd Feb., 1757. Will of Robert Johnson of Ebchester-hill, proved 175S. Durham Probate Registry. 

° Cuthbert Johnson, in his will, is described as of Ebchester-hill, gent., and mentions, amongst 
others, his father-in-law, William Fewster of Ebchester; his and his wife's son, Fewster Johnson, born 
before marriage; Mr. William Boutrlower of Apperley and his son Robert, Mr. John Johnson of .Shotley 
Bridge and Mr. William Johnson of the same place, Cuthbert Hunter of Medomsley, Thomas Marshall of 
Blanchland, etc. Durham Probate Registry. 


out of Old Ridley. At the division of the Mickley and Apperley commons 
in 1817, Mr. and Mrs. Hodson of Bywell were awarded no acres, Mr. 
Robert Surtees 36 acres, and Mr. William Wallis 46 acres, in lieu of their 
respective rights of common of pasture appurtenant to lands in the 
township of Old Ridlev. Mrs. Robert Wallis is now the principal 
proprietor and resides at Old Ridley. 

William Usher in 1722, Thomas Stobart of Troughend in 1748, and 
Thomas Stobart in 1774, voted at elections of knights of the shire in respect 
of lands in New Ridley. In 18 17, on the enclosure of Mickley, Apperley, 
and Broomley commons, Mr. William Wrightson, Mr. and Mrs. Hodson, 
Mr. Robert Surtees, Mr. John Surtees, Messrs. William and John Robson, 
George and Richard Stobart, and the heirs of William Newton, received 
allotments in lieu of common of pasture appurtenant to lands in the 
township of New Ridley. In 1826 Charles Stobart, Ralph Jewitt, and 
William Reed, and in 1832 Charles Stobart, Ralph Jewitt, George 
Gibbons of Ovington, and William Reed, voted for their respective freehold 
lands in New Ridley. The principal proprietor at present is Mr. H. B. 
Wrightson of Cusworth, who is also owner of the neighbouring farm of 

William Taylor in 17 10, Jonathan Dryden in 17 15, William Dryden 
and Jonathan Kell in 1734, Taylor Kell in 1748, and John Robson in 1774, 
voted at elections of knights of the shire for Ridley mill. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hodson, in 18 17, were awarded 6 acres, and Messrs. William and John 
Robson 9 acres on Mickley and Apperley commons, in lieu of common 
of pasture appurtenant to lands at Ridley mill. William and John 
Robson voted at the elections of 1826 and 1832 ; the latter,^ or a 
person of the same name, in i860 sold Ridley mill and the Mill closes to 
Mr. W. B. Beaumont. 

The small homestead and holding which, under the name of Rotchelle- 
foot, was assessed to Mr. Thomas Boutflower in 1663 and under the form 
of Redeshaw-foot belonged to Emanuel Stobart of Dunglas in Scotland 
in 1832, is now called Roachy-foot or Redshaw-foot and belongs to the 
heirs of Mr. Brown of Newcastle. 

' John Robson of Ridley-mill, stationmaster at .Stocksfield, 1)y liis uill, dated 30th October, 
1846, bequeathed a house with an orchard and some closes of land at Ridley-mill to his daughter 
Elizabeth. This latter property is still held by the devisee of the said Elizabeth. Ex inf. 
Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 



The earliest notices of Hindley that have been found are in two 
charters preserved in the Treasury at Durham. The first is an agreement 
made on April 25th, 1232, between Sir William de Hindley' and Robert 
de St. Jerman respecting lands and pastures at Midhope^; and the second 
is a grant made by Sibilla, daughter of Aldan de Hindley, to her grandson 
Josceline, son of Guy Darrayns of Whittonstall.^ At the Northumberland 
Assizes in 1256, there was a presentment that Alice, daughter of Ulkill, 
had been slain at Charmburn juxta Hyndelegh. At the same court the 
vills of Hindley and Slaley were presented for not having pursued 
certain marauders who had broken into and robbed the house of Matilda 
de la Syde, in Hindley. "* About the same period Gilbert, son of Alden de 
Hyndeley, had a charter from Hugh de Baliol confirming a grant of two 
bovates of land in Bromley, made to him by Hugh's father, Eustace de 
Baliol.'* The later history of the place seems to have been in a large 
measure associated with that of Bromlev. 

Hyndle Muster Roll, 1538." 
Georg Sylbe, Willme Sinythe, John Bowtfloyr; able with hois and harnes. 

George Boutflower of Apperley, in 1617, purchased a free tenement in 
Hyndeley from Henry Robson of the same place, veoman,'' and the name 

' Sir William de Hindele and Isabella, his wife, had a grant from her son, Ydo de Arenas, of 20s. in 
Hidewin and half-a-marc in \'nthanz yearly nomine dotis, for the life of Isabella. Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. 
No. 6920. 

' Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6953. Anno Graciae mccxxxii. ad fest. .S. Martini facta est conventio 
inter Dominum Will, de Hindel' et Rob. de Sancto Jermano, scil. quod diet. Will, dimisit ad firmam dicto 
Rob. totam terram quam habet de ipso per cyrogr. usque ad term, iij annorum sine aliquo retenemento, 
praeter mediet. decini. et mediet. placit.,et culturam ab aqiiilone de Midehope quando licet .ad pasturam 
ad boves suos ; et sciendum quod dimisit ei x acras seminatas de avena et ita ei reddet in fine termini. 
Redd, inde ann. j par cyrotecarum die Natalis Dni pro omn. alio serv. Et ut haec conv. rata sit uterque 
illorum sigillum suum apposuit. Plegii Roberti, Ranulfus de Fairhil, Radulf. de Alrib', Helias de 
Stokesfeld, Adam de Line, Ric. de Hel'. Johes fil. Fatricii. Isti autem sunt plegii tam ex parte Domini 
quam ex parte Roberti. (Seal wanting.) 

' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 692S. . . . Ego Sibilla filia Aldani de Hindel' in mea viduitate 
. . . confirmavi Gocelino filio Guidonis de .'\raines nepoti meo pro serv. suo totam terram meam 
quam habui in territorio de Hindel' cum tofto et crofto et omn. aliis libert. et aisiam. ad diet. terr. 
pert., quam eciam terram dictus Aldanus pater meus in lib. maritagio mihi dedit. Ten. et hab. sibi 
et her. ... in feodo et hered. libere. . . . cum communi pastura et cum omn. aliis libert. . . . Reddendo 
inde annuatim . . . mihi . . . j par cerotecarum vel j denarium, scil. ad Nat. Dni pro omni alio serv. 
. . . (Warranty). Hiis test. Elya de Stokisfeld, Symone de Hedley, Elya de Fairhil, Ric. de Heley, 
Willo de Bromel', Willo di.acono fratre suo, Radulpho de Alriburne, Gocelino de Hindel', Bernardo 
fratre suo, Ada forestario et aliis. Round seal of white wax ij inches diameter. Fleur-de-lys 


Quitclaim from Guy Darrayns to Adam de Menvill of all rights he has in lands on Hindley once 
belonging to Hugo Dareyns, which he \\ci.s jure hereditaria. Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6922. 
* Northumberland .-Issi^t- Rolls, 40 Hen III. Page, p. gi. Surt. Soc. No. 88. 
^ Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 345. ° Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 178. 

' Ex Hindley Deeds. Arch. Ael. new series, vol. ii. p. 133 note. 


of Peter Ridlev, of Hvndlev, gentleman, appears in a list of freeholders 
made in 1638.' In 1663 Mr. Wallis and Mr. Tlionias Boutflower were 
rated for lands in Hindley, and Bartholomew Kent, (ieorge Usher,' ami 
Thomas Wilson were rated for lands at Hindley Steel.'' 

It is not known how Hindley passed into the possession of Mr. Edward 
Montagu of Denton and of Allerthorpe in Yorkshire.'' It was sold by 
his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu, the famous ' blue stocking,' on May 
1 2th, 1787, to George Potts of Netherton,^ in Bedlingtonshire, who by his 
will, dated November 29th, 1797, gave it to his only son, Matthew Potts, of 
the same place," who on the enclosure of Bromley common in 181 7 was 
awarded 127 acres in lieu of the right of common of pasture appurtenant to 
his farm at Hindley, wdiich was at that time regarded as in the township of 
Old Ridley. At an auction held on February loth, 1849,' Mr. Potts's 
devisees sold Hindley with 366 acres of land to Mr. J. F. Ayton of 
Newcastle, from whose representatives it has been acquired by the family 
of the present owner, Mr. A. J. Foster. 

The small estate of Wheelbirks which lies to the south of Hindley, and 
abuts on the Stocksfield burn, was held in 1608 by Cuthbert Richardson, 
Henry Fairebarn, and Henry Robson, under a lease from the Crown ;* in 
1663 It belonged to Thomas Boutflower of Apperley,^ and before the year 
1758 to Robert Surtees of Coltpark, or Cronywell, in the county of Durham. 
By his will of that date Robert Surtees appointed George Surtees of 
Mainsforth, and Aubone Surtees of Newcastle, his trustees, and settled 
Wheelbirks and the neighbouring estate of Kipperlin upon his youngest 
son, John Surtees, with remainders in favour of his other sons, George, 
Edward, and Robert. George died childless and Edward died unmarried. 
Robert married Anne, daughter of William Greenwell of the Ford, near 

' Arch. A el. 4to series, vol. ii. p. 324. 

- A tenement called Hundley-stile (Hindley-steel), with ten acres of land in Ridley, in the tenure of 
Oswald Usher, on the yearly value of los., and a cottage and croft in Ridley, in the tenure of Margaret 
Faireburne, of the yearly value of 3s., parcel of the possession of the late Charles, earl of Westmorland, 
were granted, November 19th, 1610, to Eldred and Whitmore to hold for the period of 60 years. Put. 
Rolls, 8 Jas. I. pt. 57. 

'■' Book of Rates. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 287. 

^ Mr. Edward Montagu obtained considerable estates in the county of Northumberland as one of tlie 
co-heirs of John Rogers. 

' George Potts, of Netherton, voted for lands in Broomley in 1774. Poll Book. 

' Schedule of Hindley Deeds with Rev. Cuthbert E. Adamson. 

' Conditions of Sale with Rev. Cuthbert E. Adamson. 

' Haggat and Ward's Survey. ° Book of Rates, Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 2S6. 


Lanchester, and died leaving a son Robert. After the death of his brothers, 
John Surtees joined with his nephew Robert Surtees, the grandson, in 
barring the entail, and resettled the estates in 1807 upon himself for life, 
with remainder to Robert Surtees in fee. In 1817 the estates were enlarged 
by the award made upon the partition of Mickley, Apperley, and Broomley 

John Surtees died in 1817,^ and the estates then passed under the will 
of Robert Surtees, the grandson (who had died in 1808), to his daughter, 
Anne Surtees, who married Henry Smales, and she conveyed the estates 
to him.^ Henry Smales, after the death of his first wife, married Anne 
Elizabeth Fisher of Cockermouth. He died in 1863 and the trustees of 
his will in 1865 conveyed Wheelbirks to George Thompson Dickenson, 
who built a new residence to the west of the old homestead. Mr. 
Dickenson's mortgagees in 1882 conveyed Wheelbirks to Mr. David 
Richardson,^ to whom it now belongs.^ Mr. Richardson has added to 
the property by the purchase, from Mr. W. B. Beaumont, of the 
woodlands to the south of the farm. The old homestead with its 
stone-covered roofs still stands and forms a good example of old-fashioned 
Northumbrian farm buildings which are fast disappearing from the 

In the valley of the Stocksfield burn a few hundred yards to the south 
of the old homestead are the remains of a disused blast furnace, discovered 
and excavated in 1884 by Mr. Richardson. It appears to have had an 
internal diameter at its widest part of from five to six feet, contracted at its 
boshes to about eighteen inches. Higher up the bank was found a heap of 
iron ore, where it had probably been placed to be calcined before being put 
into the furnace. About thirty loads of slag, some birch charcoal, and some 
limestone for flux were found around the furnace, and at the bottom of the 
furnace were a few small lumps of imperfectly smelted iron. Ironstone is 
marked on the geological ordnance survey as occurring in the hills within 
two miles to the south of the furnace, and the water of the burn probably 

' CJ. Memorial inscriptions of Surtees of Cronywell at Ebcliester. Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 301. 

■■ Mr. Henry Smales also owned Bickerton in Coquetdale. He was residing at Durham when he 
voted for lands in Broomley in 1826, and in Holdgate, York, in 1832, when he voted for the same lands, 
more particularly described as at Wheelbirks. Poll Books. 

' For pedigree, see Boyce, The Richiirdsoiis of CUvcland, appendix. 

' All the above information is taken from Mr. David Richardson's muniments of title. 

Vol. VI. 21 


furnished the power for the bhist. The furnace was entirely built and 
lined with stone, and no bricks were found. The calcined stones, which 
had apparently formed the top part of the furnace, are now built into an 
adjacent wall. 

At Leadhill, a small estate belonging to Mr. Broderick Dale, the 
Watling Street is crossed by the Lead-road, which was the road used 
before the railway was made for carting lead. The lead was carried on 
the backs of pack-horses from Allendale to Dukesfield mill to be smelted, 
and thence to Tyneside in carts drawn by horses, which it was usual to 
rest at a small inn at Leadhill. 

In a field adjoining the Watling Street, to the east of Wheelbirks, was 
found in 1883 a denarius of Trajan, in good preservation. 

The homestead of Kipperlin, lying near the borders of Whittonstall, 
may be identified with the place called Skitterlin, which in 1663 belonged 
to George Andrews, who was assessed for the same at ^ 5 per annum. As 
has been already mentioned it belonged to Robert Surtees^ of Crony well 
in 1758, and from that time to 1864 its history is that of Wheelbirks. It 
now belongs to Mr. Joseph Laycock. 

The small estate of Merryshields^ abuts on the river Tyne, and adjoins 
Stocksfield hall on the west, and Eltringham on the east. Up to the time of 
the suppression of the chantries, the tithes of Merisheles provided part of the 
endowment of the chantry of St. John Baptist in Bywell St. Peter's church. 
In consideration of a competent sum of money, they were granted to 
Sir Thomas Gargrave and William Adam, jun., by letters patent, dated 
iith April, 1549.^ In 1598 Merryshields belonged to Gilbert Newton, who 
was probably a member of the family of Newton of' Stocksfield.' Under the 
name of Mirre Sheells it was assessed to Robert Newton in 1663, at the 
abnormally large rental of ;^36.* It apparently passed through the hands of 
the Fenwicks of Bywell," before it was acquired by Edward Surtees of 

' John Surtees of Wylam March voted for Kipperlin in 1774. Poll Book. 

^ Portions of the old house at Merryshields are still extant ; the main building is said to have been 
destroyed by fire. 

^ Pat. Rolls, 3 Edw. VI. pt. i. ' E.xchcquer Depositions ; Easter Term, 41 Eliz. No. 34. 

^ Book 0/ Rates ; Hodgson, NorthuDihcvland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 287. 

" The place seems to have been occupied by members of the EUrington or Eltringham family. 1726/7, 
February 13th: Will of William Eltringham of Mary-shields, yeoman: half of my goods to my wife 
Ann, my sons Thomas and William, and my daughter Mary ; the other half to my daughters .'\nn and 
Isabel : my wife and my son John, executors ; my loving friends Stephen Eltringham of the Hall-yards, 
yeoman, Richard Lumley and Gilbert Browell of Mickley, overseers. Duvham Probate Registry. 


Mainsforth. The latter died in 1747, having previously given Merryshields 
to his third son, Crosier Surtees, by his first wife, who voted at the election 
of knights of the shire, in 1734, in respect of lands there. He married Jane, 
daughter of Ralph Hodgson of Alwent, by whom, with other issue, he^ had a 
posthumous son, Crosier Surtees,^ who was admitted free of the Merchants 
Company, Newcastle, on the 6th May, 1771.^ He obtained the estate of 
Redworth, county Durham, by his marriage with his cousin Jane, daughter 
and co-heiress of Robert Surtees of that place.* It now belongs' to 
Mr. Walter Ridley, who is also proprietor of the adjoining estate of 

Birches-nook in 1673 was the abode of Anne Armstrong, the notorious 
witch finder. A full account of the great Northumbrian case of witchcraft, 
which, in the words of Mr. James Raine, will almost rival the exploits of 
Mother Demdyke and her crew, may be found in the Depositions from York 
Castle. Anne Armstrong accused Anne, wife of Thomas Baites of Morpeth, 
tanner, of frequenting witches' meetings at Riding-bridge-end and at other 
places where she danced with the devil, turned herself into the shape of a cat, 
a hare, a greyhound, and a bee, ' letting the divell see how many shapes she 
could turn herself into ; ' it is also stated that she rode upon wooden dishes 
and egg shells ' both in the Rideinghouse and in the close adjoyninge.' Anne 
Forster of Stocksfield, Anne Dryden of Prudhoe, and Lucy Thompson of 
Mickley and others had been seen by Armstrong at the Rideing-house with 
' theire protector which thev call'd their god, sitting, at the head of the table 
in a gold chaire, as she thought ; and a rope hanging over the roome which 
every one touch'd three several times and what ever was desired was sett 
upon the table, of several kindes of meate and drinke, and when they had 
eaten, she that was last drew the table and kept the reversions.' Anne 
Forster ' did swing upon the rope, and upon the first swing she gott a 
cheese, and upon the second she gott a beatment of wheat flower, and 
upon the third swing she gott about halfe a quarter of butter to knead the 
said flower withal, they haveinge noe power to gett water.' Anne Dryden 
' did swing thrice, and att the first swing she gott a pound of curraines to 

' Crazier Surtees was buried at Stamfordham, 26th September, 1739. Stamjordham Register. 
- 1774, Crosier Surtees of Heighington, county Durham, voted for Merryshields. Poll Book. 
' Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. p. 366. Surt. Soc. No. loi. 

' For pedigree, see Surtees Durham, vol. iii. p. 311. Robert Edward Surtees of Redworth voted for 
Merryshields at the elections of knights of the shire in 1826 and 1S32. 


putt in the flower for bread, and att the second swing she gott a qnarter 
of mutton to sett before their protector, and at the third swing she gott a 
bottle of sacke.' Margaret, wife of Michael Aynsley of the Riding, 'did 
swing, and she gott a flackett of ale containing, as she thought, about three 
quarts, a kening of wheat flower for pyes, and a peice of biefe.'' 

Such were the gross and material stories laid before the justices, but Mr. 
Raine, in the volume referred to, states, ' I am happy to say that in no 
instance have I discovered the record of the conviction of a reputed witch ; 
all honour to the Northern juries for discrediting these absurd tales.' ' They 
were certainly uniformly acquitted at the assizes, but no judge, or jury, or 
minister, could make the people generally believe that they were innocent ; 
the superstition was too deeply rooted to be easily eradicated.' " 


The small township of Apperley has an area of 428 acres, comprised in 
one compact estate. In 1891 the population was 25.' A little to the north 
of the homestead, which occupies an elevated position over 600 feet above 
sea-level, is a spring of water which, in its name, the Tansy-garth well, 
retains an old world flavour.* 

There is another place of the same name in the sister barony of Bolbec, 
situated amongst the Newbigin moors near the Devil's Water, but of neither 
place is there much known. 

About the vear 1262, Robert de West Heddon held Heddon and 
Appeltreley of the lord of Bywell, by the service of a third part of a knight's 
fee.° In 1283, on December 19th, a commission of oyer and terminer was 
issued to William de Brumpton and John de Haulton, to hear the complaint 
of John, son of Roger, a burgess of Newcastle, against Peter, son of Gerard 
del Hogh and Thomas de Shotlegh, who were charged with breaking into 
his park of Apeltrelegh in Bywell by night, and felling and carrying away 
his timber." 

' Depoiitions from York Castle, Raine, pp. 191-201. Surt. Soc. No. 40. - Ibiii. preface, p. xxx. 

' The Census Returns are: 1801, . . ; 1811, . . ; 1821, . . ; 1831, 23; 1841, 34; 1851, 38; 
1861, 20 ; 1871, 6 ; 1881, 19 ; 1891, 25. The census return for 1901 is includetl in that of Brooniley. 

' Within the house at Apperley is another well, reached by a flight of stone steps from the kitchen. 
Ex inf. Mr. Anthony Johnson. 

' Inij. p.m. Hug. de Bolebek, 46 Hen. HI. No. 25. 

° Cell. Pat. Rolls, 1 1 Edw. I. nienib. 24 b, also Rut. Lit. Pat. Rolls .Series, 8vo edition, Edw. I. p. 91. 


Appiltreley Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

£ s. d. s. d. 

Sumina bonorLim Petri Harper ... ... ... ... ... 3 15 7 uncle regi 6 loi 

„ Thomae filii Waldeui ... ... ... ... 250 „ 41 

.Summa hujus villae, £b os. 7d. Unde domino regi, los. ii^d. 

Certain lands in the vill of Apirley, which had been forfeited to the 
Crown by Robert de West Heddon, who had taken part in Gilbert de 
Middleton's rebellion, were sold by Edward III. to Roger de Widdrington.' 
The history of the place during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries is 
obscure, but before the beginning of the seventeenth century the place had 
passed into the possession of the family of Boutflower. It is stated in the 
survey of the forfeited possessions of Charles, earl of Westmorland, made 
in 1608, that George Boutflower claimed an intake, containing by estimation 
fifty acres, beginning at Apperley south dyke nook and going northward, 
' and soe down the west side of the bourne as to the lead forde and so 
down to Hyndley Steele dike to the north nooke and up the hall hill to 
the west close nooke of Apperley.'' 

Geoffrey Boutflower of Apperley married a daughter of John Fenwick 
of Ryal and Wallington,^ and by her had a son, Ralph, who is mentioned in 
the will of his mother's brother, John Fenwick of Walker, who died in 1580/ 
Ralph Boutflower's great grandson, Thomas Boutflower, in 1663 was rated 
at £^0 for Apperley and Hindley, and was also proprietor of lands at 
' Rotchelle foote,' Wheelbirks and Hassocks,* all in this parish, and of other 
lands at Mickley in the parish of Ovingham." John Davis, fellow of 
Magdalen College, Cambridge, after his ejection from his beneflce of Bywell 
St. Peter, found a refuge at Welton, the house of Thomas Boutflower's 
father-in-law, Michael Welden, or Welton, and ' all the time of the severities 
of King Charles's reign ' used to preach ' sometimes in his own house 
and sometimes at Sir William Middleton's at Belsay, sometimes at Mr. 
Boutflower's at Apperley, and sometimes at other places.'' In 1675 Mr. 
Thomas Boutflower was rated on 8 chimneys for the hearth ta.x.** Thomas 

' Pat. Rolls, 33 Edw. III. pt. i. memb. 8. • Haggat and Ward's Survey, 1608. 

' Cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 256. ' Durham U'(//s, Green well, p. 35. .Surt. Soc. No. 38. 

^ The farm of Hassocks has not been identified, but the following entry in St. Peter's churchwardens' 
book implies that it was near New Ridley : 17 13, 6th April, 'John Brown of ye Hassocks, churchwarden 
for New Ridley Ward.' Ex inf. Mr. Anthony Johnson. 

" Book of Rates : Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. pp. 286, 287, 288, 290. 

' Calamy, Account of the Ministers who were Ejected, etc. Second edition, vol. ii. p. 519. 

" V.K.O. Subsidy Rolls, Yi^. 


Boutflower's younger son William, who in 1675 "'^is apprenticed to 
Benezer Durant of Newcastle, mercer, was admitted free of the Merchants' 
Company in 1684,' and became sheriff of Newcastle in 1701. He died in 
May, 1712, and was buried in St. Nicholas' church under a stone - bearing : 
'A baron between his two wives, i, o?i a fess between three cushcons 
as many fleurs-de-lis, for Hntton ; 2, a chevron and in chief three fleurs- 
de-lis, for Boutflower; 3, on a chevron between three griffon s heads erased 
as many roundles, for Allenson. 

Nathaniel Boutflower, eldest brother of the sheriff, voted in 171 5 at the 
election of knights of the shire, in respect of his estate at Apperley ; his son 
Thomas voted for a similar qualification in 1710 and 1715, and William 
Boutflower, son of Thomas, voted at the elections of 1734 and 1748.* The 
long connection of the family with Apperley came to an end in 1766, when, 
after William Boutflower's death, the seat house and estate were offered for 
sale.'' It was acquired by the family of Surtees of Hamsterley, and now 
belongs to the two daughters and co-heiresses of the late Mr. Robert 
Smith Surtees, Miss Surtees and Lady Gort. 

On the enclosure of Apperley, Mickley, and Fairley-may commons in 
18 1 7, 137 acres were awarded to Anthony Surtees in lieu of rights of common 
of pasture, appurtenant to his estate at Apperley.'' 

' Neivcastk Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, p. 302. Surt. Soc. No. loi. 

■ Coll. Armorial Bearings, etc., St. Nicholas, Newcastle, 1820, vol. ii. p. 19. " Poll Books. 

* To be sold all that capital messuage, or seat house, and all the messuages, tenements or farmholds 
and hereditaments, within the manor, township, precincts or territories of ."Apperley, with a large share of 
extensive common adjoining thereto, and fine springs of wood thereon, .'\pply to Mr. Reginald Gibson 
of High Bawk in Noithumberland. Newcastle Courant, 12th .April, 1766. 

' 52 Geo. III. 'An Act for inclosing lands in the parishes ofOvingham, IJywell .St. Peter, and Bywell 
St. .■\ndrew, in the county of Norlhumberland.' The commissioners appointed to carry the Act into 
execution made their awards June 16th, 1817, and after reciting that the commons of Mickley, Apperley, 
and Fairley-may contained by admeasurement 1567 acres, set out various public roads, etc. They 
awarded to the Rev. Septimus Hodson and Frances, his wife, in satisfaction of their right to the soil of 
Fairley-may and Apperley commons, and in lieu of the right of common of pasture appurtenant to their 
farmhold of Fairley-may, 445 acres; to William Wrightson, esq., for his m.anorial rights on Mickley 
common, 32 acres (in six plots, i.e., to Mickley, 15 acres; Eltringham, 3 acres; Stocksfield-hall, 3 
acres; New Ridley, 3 acres; Apperley, 2 acres; and Old Ridley, 4 acres), and for his lands in 
New Ridley, 25 acres; and for .Mickley, 156 acres; the Rev. Septimus Hodson and Frances, his 
wife, for Stocksfield-hall, ilS acres; Old Ridley, no acres; New Ridley, 50 acres; Ridley-mill, 
6 acres; Robert Surtees, esq., for New Ridley, 36 acres; Old Ridley, 36 acres; and Ovingham, 2 acres; 
Thomas Humble, esq., for Eltringham, 53 acres, and for Cherry-burn intakes, 3 acres; Anthony Surtees, 
esq., for Apperley, 137 acres; William Wallas, esq., for Old Ridley, 46 acres; the heirs of Anthony 
Humble, for Mickley, 23 acres; John Surtees, esq., for New Ridley, 55 acres ; and Broomley, 30 acres; 
John Davidson, esq., for Mickley, 15 acres; John Newton, for Mickley, 10 acres; William Prudhoe, for 
Mickley, 5 acres; William and John Robson, for New Ridley, 9 acres; the heirs of William Newton, 
for New Ridley, 3 acres; George Stobbart, for New Ridley, 2 acres; Richard Stobbart, for New Ridley, 
1 acre; Stephen Thompson, for .Mickley, i acre; Robert and James Wilkinson, for a cottage at Mickley, 
24 perches; and Joseph Lowes, for a cottage at Mickley, 22 perches. (Fractions omitted.) 




Arms : Vtrt a chevron and in chief 3 fleurs de lis or. Crest : A fleur de Its or. Tombstones ;it Whiltonstall 
(1642), Bishop Middleham (1688), and at St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle (1712). 

Robert Bultfi.our, /f»i/>. Hen. IV. {u), = Agnes, sister of Julian, wife of Henry Kaunt of Lofthouslyntes, co. Durham (a). 

John Bultflonr Qi) ,= 

William Bultflour claimed Lofthotislyntes in the Chancery of Duiham, 1446-47 (;<). 
Geoffrey Boutflour of Apperley, ie>n/>. Henry \'III. = second daughter of John Fenwick of Wallington (j/). 

Ralph Boutflower of .Apperley appeared at the muster in 1538 ; named in the will of his uncle, 
John Fenwick of Walker, 15S0 ( v) ; in 1595 sold Overlints to Nicholas Hedley (h). 

George Boutflower of Apperley, son and heir (y), purchased lands in 
Hindley 1617 ; died 2ist February, 1641/2; buried at Whittonstall. 

Thomas Boutflower, living 
1580 (j). 

William Boutflower of Apper- = [Mary, bur. John Boutflower of Pembroke George Boutflower, 

ley, an attesting witness 
(together with his brother 
John) to the deed of 161 7 ; 
administration of his personal 
estate in the Prerogative Court 
at London, 25th June, 1657. 

lothjune, Hall, and afterwards of steward to Sii 

1675 («).] Christ College, Cambridge ; Edw. Radcliffe 

B.A. 1629 ; chaplain to of Dilston, in 

Morton, bishop of Durham ; 1644 ; [ ? lessee, 

vicar of Whelpington, 1633 ; Bywell fishery, 

vicar of Warden, 1638 ; died 1639]. 

Annes, living 15S0 

Mildred, daughter 
of Ralph Hutton, 
official to the dean 
and chapter of 
Durham, married 
2nd December, 
164 1 (^). 


Thomas Boutflower of Apperley, only son ; in 1663 was rated for lands = Jane, daughter of [Michael] Welden of Welton 

at that place and at Hindley, Hassocks, VVheelbirks, Mickley, 
Rotchellfoot, etc. ; buried 5th January, 16S3/4 ; will dated 31st 
December, 1683. 

and niece of Colonel George Fenwick of 
Brinkburn ; executrix to her husband's will ; 
buried 3rd February, 1697/8 (</). 

Nathaniel : 
of Apper- 
ley, mar. 
22nd Feb., 
1676/7 (0; 
buried 8th 

daughter of 
John Ogle 
of Kirkley; 
buried 4th 
Nov., 1737 
(a) ; bond 
of mar. 
17th Feb., 

Elizabeth, dau. r^ William Boutflower of New- 

of Ralph Hut- 
ton, commis- 
sary of Rich- 
mond ; mar. 
i.Sth Feb., 
1684/5 M; 
bur. 22nd Apl. 
1688 ; aged 
35 W- 

castle, admitted free of 
.Merchants' Company 9th 
October, 16S4, and of host- 
men's Company igth May, 
1699 ; sheriff of Newcastle, 
1701 ; bur. 26thMay, I7i2{'/'); 
administration of his estate 
granted l8th July, 1712, to 
his daughter Elizabeth. 

I I 

Elizabeth, died un- 
married ; buried 
5th Dec, 1699 (a). 

Mary, married 20th 
August, 171 5 (/), 
Edward Lumsden, 
of Morpeth ; living 



Thomas, baptised 

-March ; buried igth July, 
16S6 (rf). 

Elizabeth, baptised 20th 
October, i687(rf) ; mar. 
William \^azey of Gates- 
head and of Wiserley, 
in the parish ofWolsing- 

Elizabeth, died un- 
married ; bur. I3tti 
Sept., 16S6 (,/). 

Dorothy, mar. John 
Ornsby, of New- 
cast!e,draper; bond 
of marriage gth 
Mar. i69i;liv.i698 

Mehitabell, died un- 
married 2nd Sept., 

16S5 oo- 

William, bapt. 12th December; buried 17th December, 1695 (i^). 
Marmaduke Boutflower, bapt. 15th December, 1698 (1/); [?of 

Gosport, died 1767 sl^]. 
Thomasine, bapt. 6th April, 1693 ; buried 8th February, 1695 (</). 
Jane, bapt. 5tli June, 1694 (rf) ; married Benjamin Wilson of the 

parish of St. Nicholas, Newcastle ; bond of marriage, 9th 

October, 1719. 
Alice, bapt. 14th October, 1697 (</). 
Hannah, bapt. 15th .August, 1700; bur. loth December, 1701 (</). 

^ Thomasine, dau. 
of Marmaduke 
.Allenson of Dur- 
ham, mercer, 
and of Ouarring- 
ton, CO. Durham; 
bond of mar. 4th 
June, 1692; 
bur. 17th April, 
1708 (id). 

Thomas Bout- 
flower, son and 
heir, baptised 
25th October, 
1685 (a) ; mar. 
14th Jan., 1709 
(aj; died in 
his father's life- 
time ; bur. 5th 
May, 171 7 (fl). 


Margaret Lee of 
Old Ridley, wid- 
ow, bond of mar. 
8th Dec, 1709 ; 
buried 17th June, 
1725 (rt); adm.of 
her personal es- 
tate, 26th Feb- 
ruaiy, 1725/6 

Jane Vasey, = John Boutflower, = Eleanor, dau 

of the par. 
of Oving- 
ham ; mar. 
2ist Oct., 
1712 (,?) ; 
bur. 27th 
Aug., 1713 
s.p. («). 

resided succes- 
sively at Apper- 
ley, Brian's Leap 
(1732), and Rid- 
ing-mill ; bapt. 
5th January, 1687 
(a) ; died 2nd 
Sept., 1742, aged 
55 (/)■ 

of Roger 
married 1st 
May, 1720 
(^/') ; buried 
I3lh Nov., 
1734 (/)• 

William Boutflower, : 
captain Royal Navy ; 
baptised 1st January, 
1692(0); commander 
of the Flam/ioroiigh , 
1732 ; died at Port 
Antonio, 1734 ; will 
prov. in Prerogative 
Court at Canterbury, 
March, 1735- 

1 68 



Robinson Bout- 


^ [Anne 


Thos. Boutflower=Eliza- 


flower of New- 


died in 

bap. 19th 

bap. lytli April, 



castle, attor- 




I732(/); pur- 


ney, died at 


1729 W; 

ser ot H..\1.S. 


Troughend ; 

aged 85, 

bur. 31st 

Aguiio ; died at 


buried l6th 


Oct. 1730 

Exeter, 16th 



Sept., J775. 

John Eaton Boutflower of Great 
Tower Street, London, afterwards 
of Exeter; born 1759; died 
1840 s.p. 

Dorothy, daughter of 
Edward Boutflowei of 
Gray's Inn; died 1S34. 

I I 
Mary, bap. 5th Dec, 1 732 (a); 

mar. 2ist Sept. 174S, hdw. 

liouinowcrof Gray'slnn(a); 

died 1803. 
Dorothy, bapt. 16th March, 

1733 (/); mar. 13th Dec, 

1764, Thomas Bennett of 

Morpeth (/>). 

Anne, married William Boutflower of Gray's Inn. 
Elizabeth, mar. Thomas Davy of Ottery ; died 1861. 
Eleanor Ogle, married Bennett of Morpeth, and 
died June, 1S20, aged 46. 

Edward Boutflower, one of the Clerks i 
to Gray's Inn (.v), Slh March, 1771 ; 
1785 ; proved. Prerogative Court of 

n Chancery, admitted 
will dated 15th July, 
Canterbury, 1786. 

Mary, daughter of John Boutflower, 
of Riding-mill, married 2Ist Sept., 
1748 («); died 1803. 

Mary, buried 
14th Feb., 
1731 (/)■ 

Ann Bennett, = William Boutflower, = Anne Bout- 
died 1797. admitted to Gray's flower,died 
Inn, l6th Jan., 1833. 
1 789(3;); died 1 81 5 i./. 

John Edward Boutflower, ad- 
mitted to Gray's Inn 4th 
July, 17S6 ; youngest son (.v) ; 
died unmarried 1789. 

Mary Judith. 
Dorothy, married John 
Eaton Boutflower. 

William Boutflower of Apper- 
ley, grandson and heir, bapt. 
19th Dec, 1710 (ij) ; mar. ist 
Aug., 1732 (m); bur. 1st 
April, 1758(3') ; will dated 
24th June, 1756. 

= Isabel Fewster ; she 
re-mar. 8th April, 
177 1 (/), William 
Bertram, and was 
buried 2gth May, 
1 78 1 («)• 

Elizabeth, bapt. 2nd September, 1712 (u) ; bur. 29th April, 

Barbara, bapt. 28th July, 1714 («) ; mar. nth May, 1749, 

Thomas Marshall of Blanchland (/). 
Dorothy, bapt. 28th March, 1717(a); mar. 8th July, 1736, 

Elrington Reed of Troughend (/) ; died 1762. 

Thomas Boutflower of 

Apperley, and after- 
wards of Riding-mill, 
baptised 14th May, 
1733 («) ; buried 
5th September, 1773 

Wi lliam Boutflower of 
Riding-mill, bapt. 
6th Jan., 1740 (a) ; 
raar.i7th Nov., 1768 
(3) ; buried 2nd 
July, 1776 (/•) ; will 
dated 1776. 

Elizabeth Job- 
ling ; she re- 
mar. 31st Dec. 
177s (/), An- 
thony Fewster 
of Ebchester, 

Robert Bout- 
flower, bapt. 
I ith January, 
1742 (a); bur. 
28th .•\pril, 
1767 («). 

John Boutflower of: 
Newcastle, mer- 
chant, baptised Slh 
February, 1750 («); 
buried gth March, 
1783 (0- 

Isabel Boutflower, daughter and co-heiress, 

buried 3rd July, 1787 (r). 
Dorothy Boutflower, daughter and co-heiress, 

baptised i8th July, 1776 (/) ; buried 5th 

June, I797(')- 


Mary Rowel, 
mar. 19th 
Mar., 1774 
(^) ; buried 
15th March, 
1783 (0- 

Henrietta Boutflower, baptised l6th August, 1778 (/) ; cousin and 
heiress of Dorothy Boutflower of Riding-mill ; married Edward 
Bennet of Morpeth, who, in 1825, sold his wife's lands at 
Riding-mill ; died at Morpeth 25th January, 1859. 

Dorothy, baptised 22nd January, 1734 (a) ; married 21st June, 1763 (a), Reginald Gibson of Low Hall, Corbridge. 

Margaret, baptised 31st December, 1736 (a) ; married 27th October, 1760 (n), Anthony Harrison of Ebchester. 

Sarah, baptised 1st December, 1738 (a) ; living unmarried 1758. 

Isabel, baptised 27th .March, 1745 (a) ; married 2i5t November, 1768 (s), Wilkinson Johnson of Medomsley. 

Barbara, baptised 26th .April, 1747 (a) ; married 15th January, 1775 (g), .Anthony Fewster of Ebchester. 

Mary, baptised 2Ist February, 1753 (a) ; married 3rd April, 1781 (h), Nicholas Thornton of Haydon. 

Elizabeth, baptised 6th July, 1755 (a), of Blackhall-mill ; died unmarried, 1779. 

(a) Bywili St. Peter Registers. 

l/)) Witton Gilhert Register. 

(e) Eelani Register. 

((/) St. Xicholm Register, Newcastle. 

{e) Durham Cathedral Register. 

(/ ) BywellSl. A ndrew Register and M. I. 

(.?) Eiichester Register. 

(_h) Bishop Middleham Register. 

(_/") Shotlev Register, 

(/f ) Taiifield Register. 

(/) St. Oswald's Register, Durham. 

(m') lameslev Register, 

(fi) Corhridge Register. 

{p) Hexhatn Register. 

(fi) .Morpeth Register. 

(y) Ehdon Register. 

(r) Whittonstall Register. 

(j) .Medomsley Register. 

* This pedigree has, with some additions by the editor, been constructed by the Rev. D. S. Boutflower, vicar of Monkwear- 
mouth, who represents a cadet line of the Apperley family, being a descendant of Marmaduke Boutflower of Gosport. 

(/) All Saints' Register, Newcastle. 
(k) 34//; Report 0/ Deputy Keeper of Public 
Records,^. 222, and 37th Report, p. I4I. 
(y) Hodgson, S'orthumlieriand, pt. ii. 

vol. i. p. 256. 
iw) Raine, Test. Ehor. 
(.v) Foster, Admissions to Gray's Inn. 
( v) Durham Wills and Inventories, Green- 
well, p 35. 



The township of Temple Healey, or Healey, as it is more commonly 
called, comprises an area of 2181 acres, including a detached portion of 21 
acres, and forms one estate. It is watered by the Reaston and Healey burns, 
which, after joining at Healey Cleugh, together form the March burn, which, 
under the name of the Riding mill burn, joins the Tyne at Riding mill. 
The old manor corn mill stood upon the Reaston burn, but nearly the whole 
of the township is now either pasture or wood. Six hundred acres were 
planted, chiefly with larch, between 1816 and 1827.' In igoi there was a 
population of 85.^ 

Although not specifically mentioned in the Testa de Nevill as a member 
of the barony of Baliol, it is in every way probable that Healey was given to 
the Knights Templars by one of the lords of that munificent house, and in 
the inquisition taken in 1268, on the death of John de Baliol, it is stated that 
it was held of him by the preceptor of Thornton, who paid 2s. for all 

In reply to a writ de quo tvarrantn brought against them at the assizes 
held at Newcastle in 1294, the Templars claimed the liberties of infangentheif, 
outfangentheif, gallows, freedom from all fines and amerciaments, suit of courts 
and wapentake, tallage, lastage, stallage, and all tolls in all fairs and markets, 
passage and pontage by sea and land, and to have felons' and fugitives' goods, 
waif and assize of bread and ale in all their towns.* The jury found that they 
had purchased no lands in the county since Henry the Third, in 1253, had 
granted them their charter of liberties ; they were not seised of waif and 
outfangentheif; the jury did not know they were allowed in the exchequer 
the goods of felons and fugitives, but they had enjoyed all the other liberties 
and assize of bread and ale beyond all memory.'' 

On the suppression of the Order of the Templars, in 1308, their lands at 
Healey, Corbridge, and other places were taken into the king's hands,* and 

' Parson and White, Durham and Novtliuiiibcrland, vol. ii. p. 565. Mr. Robert Onnston (bom, 1789 ; 
died, 1882) saw the trees planted and grow up; he felled most of them and replanted the ground. The 
receipts for timber sold off the estate during his lifetime amounted to ^56,000. Ex inf. Rev. Anthony 

^The Census Returns are : 1801, 51 ; iSi i, 59 ; 1821, 49 ; 1831, 54 ; 1841, 65 ; 1851,67 ; 1861, 71 ; 
1871,94; 1881,106; 1891,96; 1901,85. 

^ Inq. p.m. John de Balliol, 53 Hen. III. No. 43. Cf. Inq. p.m. Hug. de Balliol, 55 Hen. III. No. 33. 

* Placita de quo warranto. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 162. 

" Sheriff's Accounts, 1308-1309. Arch. Ael. vol. xvii. p. 43. 

Vol. VI. ?2 


seem to have been shortly afterwards granted to the Knii,dits Hospitallers,' 
who retained possession until the general suppression of religious houses, 
when they were resumed by the Crown. 

Hele Muster Roi.i,, iS38' 
John Hurd, Richard Swynborn ; ,iblc with hois and hanies. 

In 1550 two third parts of the vill were held by Sir Cuthbert RadclyfTe, 
knight, at the rent of 53s. 4d. a year, to be paid half-yearly at Lady-day 
and Michaelmas ; the remaining third part was held by John Ord, who 
paid 26s. 8d. a year at the same terms."* 

On May 2nd, 1553, certain lands lately belonging to the preceptorv of 
Mount St. John in Yorkshire were granted to Sir John Widdrington of 
Widdrington, knight, and Cuthbert Musgrave of Harbottle, esquire. The 
consideration paid was ^756 is. 5-|d. and the premises granted comprised, 
with other estates, the two parts of Temple Helaye in the occupation of Sir 
Cuthbert Radcliffe, knight, and the remaining third part in the occupation 
of John Orde ; they were to be held of the king as of the manor of East 
Greenwich by fealty, in free socage and not in chief.^ 

Healey does not appear in any of the various enumerations of Sir John 
Widdrington's estates, and it is possible that he may have purchased as a 
trustee for his kinsman, John Widdrington, whose will made on February 

4th, 1 570/ 1, is preserved in the probate registry at Durham. 


1570, February 4th. Will of John Widdrington of Temple Helay. My boddye to be buried within 
my parishe churche of Bywell Peter with all things therunto belonginge. To James, William, Graice and 
Urssalay Shaftoo, childringe unto Ranold Sliaftoo, my sonne in law, foure oxen and twoo kye with th' 
encrease of the said twoo kyen untill this day, all which said oxen and kyen are now already goinge with 
the said Ranolde ther father. I geve unto Robert Blaikden, my sonne in lawe, one oxe w-hich is at Blaikden, 
and to itche one of his childeringe one yeue and a lame. I geve unto John Lawson, sonne unto Edwarde 
Lawson of Bywell, my sonne in lawe, and to Jaune, Annes, Elizabethe, and Katrone Law-son, his sisters, 
6s. 8d. each. I geve unto my three doughters, Elizabethe, Margrete, and Annesse Widdrington, 
XX marks apiece out of my leasse of the parsonige of Hartburne at the dais of there maridge. I will that 
Annes Widdrington, my wifile, have the thred parte of my land in Tetnple Helay and ^4 in nioonye yercly 
paid out of leasse of Hartburne churche during hir widow heaid and also the thride parte of all my goods 
moveable, and if it shall forton my said wiffe to niarrye any other man then I will that she shall have 
26s. 8d. yerely out of my lands in Temple Helay without any more. To my sone James Widdrington all 

' Healey is not noticed in the extent of the Hospitallers' lands made in 1338. Report of Prior Pliilip 
de Thame, p. 133. Camden Soc. Pub. No. 65. 

- Arch. A el. quarto series, vol. iv. p. 178. 

= Ministers' Accounts, 4-5 Edw. VI. Compotus of the bailiff of the Northumbrian possessions of the 
preceptory of Mount .St. John in Yorkshire. Arch. Act. vol. xvii. p. 277. 

* Pat, Rolls, 7 Edw. \T. pt. ii. 


my lands in tSlaikden, the third parte of my leasse of Hartburne church and my leasse of the manerr and 
township of Halhden'; remainder to Roberte Widdrington my sonne and heaire. I geve to my said son 
Roberta Widdrington all my lands in Temple Helay and in Mytforthe, my leasse of Whitsidelaw" and the 
other tvvoo parts of my lease of Hartburne churche. To Thomas Sympson of Ulgham xs as a token. To 
Thomas Chirden, sonne of John Shirden, dissesed, serten goods which I had of his father John Chirden 
at his deathe. To my sonne in lawe, Robert Blaikden, one farmhold or tennement in Blaikden accordinge 
to my gifte and promes. I will that my daughter Dorathye, wife unto Ranolde Shaftoo, have yerely 
duringe hir liffe naturall one pease of a teithe in Hartburne parish for a reasonable rent painge, or els she 
to have yerely of my sonne Robert Widdrington sexe bowles of come, and of my sonne James Widdring- 
ton yerely three bowles of corne tow-ards the findinge of hir housse. My twoo sonnes, Roberte and James 
Widdrington, and my wife Annes, executors, chairginge them as they will ansswere before the faice. of 
Almightty God to se the reste of my childringe vertusly brought upp, my legasis paid and my boddye to 
be orderly brought to the earthe, and to distribute to the poore for my soull as they shall thinke meatt." 
Inventory of the goods of John Widdrington, 2oth February, 1 570/1. Imprimis 21 oxen, price ^21 ; 
20 kyen, ^12 13s. 4d. ; 8 younge stoits and 6 younge quies, £■; ; 10 yerelinge steirks, 33s. 4d., 8 score and 
7 sheipe, ^16 14s.; a greseld meare, 26s. 8d. ; 10 hyves of beis, 20s.; wheate and rye sowne upon the 
grounde, 25 acres, ^6; waines, plowes, and plewe gere, 40s.; plaite, napperye, and othere lyninge, 
^8 los. ; beddinge, vessell and other stufte within the housse, ^20. Summa totalis, £qj 17s. 4d.' 

Although the testator left two sons, Healey seems to have passed into 
the possession of his grandson, John Lawson of Byvvell, before the year 1608, 
and soon after that time* it was acquired by the family of Sanderson, who 
continued to hold it for several generations. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1649. .A true particular of the estate of John .Saunderson of Heley, in the 
county of Northumberland, gentleman, upon which hee was fined for his delinqucncye. Hee is seized in 
fee of and in a messuage or tenement called Hely aforesaid, worth per annum, before these vvarrs, ^30. 
Hee is seized of a like estate of and in foure farmes in High Fawtherley and Lowe Fawtherley in the 
county aforesaid, worth per annum, before these warrs, ^10. Hee is seized of a like estate of and in a 
tenement in Dotland, worth per annum, before these warrs, ^5. Total, ^45. Hee hath allowed : — for 
fee farme rent, payable out of Fawtherley aforesaid, to the Crown £2 5s. ; a fee farnie rent out of 
Heley, per annum, 2s. ; a fee farme rent out of the tenement of Dotland aforesaid, per annum, 8s. 4d. 
The compounder was fined at a sixth, /126 14s.'' 

In 1663 William and Thomas Sanderson were assessed for lands at 
Healey, Fotherley, Lingfield, Slaley, Dotland, Blackball, Staward, and 
' Maskennell ' ' at sums amounting to £\']\ per annum.* In 1675 Mr. 
William Sanderson was rated on 9 chimneys for the hearth ta.x." 

The inventory of Mr. William Sanderson's goods was taken on 
February 30th, 1676/7, and is as follows'": 

' CJ. vol. iv. of this work, p. 240. - C/. vol. iv. of this work, p. 301. 

^ Durham Wills ami Inventories, Raine, vol. i. p. 320 ; Surt. Soc. No. 2. ' Ibid. vol. i. p. 322. 

^ John Sanderson of Hely, gent., is mentioned in a list of freeholders in 1638. Arch. Ael. 4to 
series, vol ii. p. 323. « Com. for Compounding, vol. ' G,' 227, p. 887. Cf. Cal. Com. for Comp. p. 202. 

' There is a farm called Moss Kennels in the parish of Warden, adjoining the Military Road, 
formerly Dryden's for some generations, and sold to Mr. John Clayton in 1S79. ^->' '"f- Mi'- L. C. 
Lockhart. s Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 334. ° Subsidy Rolls, -}j§. 

'" Durham Probate Registry. 


His purse, apparell, and horse, .£20; 8 oxen, £28 ; 18 kine, £40; one year old bull, £1 los. ; 
4 stotts, £7 ; 2 heffers, £;i; 7 stirkes, /; ; 10 young calves, £2 los. ; one old graye mare and one 
galloway, ^5 ; 4 draught horses, £6 ; 73 ewes and lambs, /;2i ; 27 eilil ewes, £7 ; 77 sheep hogcs, /14 ; 
74 geld sheepc, £2} los. ; 40 bowles of oats, ^12 ; 2 bowles and one bushell of bigg, ^i ; one stacke 
of rey vallued .at 15 bowles, £6 ; wane, geese, and implements thereto belonging, ^4. ;{"2o8 los. 

In the best chamber : one bedsteed, one fether bed, one boulster, 2 pillowes, 3 blankctts, a counter 
painc, courelings and vallance, one looking glass, one great chare, 2 little chares, 3 stoules, and one 
little table, £10. 

In the midle roumc : one beedstecd, one fether bed, one boulster, 2 pillowes, 3 blanketts, a counter 
paine, courtemg and vallance, one pare of drawers, one great chaire, 2 little ones, 3 stoules, one looking 
glass and hangeings of carsey, £8. 

In the broad chamber : 2 bedsteads, 2 fether beeds, 2 boulsters, 4 pillowes, 6 bl.anketts, one rugg and 
one counter pane, 2 pare of curteings and vallance, one truckle beeds, one chaire and one stoule, £(\ 

In the nursery : 4 bedsteeds, 2 fether beeds, 2 flocke beede, 4 paire of blanketts, 4 boulsters, 4 cover- 
cloths, 4 happeings, ^6. 

In the closett : one cubord and 2 paire of drawers, £2. 

In the garrett chamber : one beedsteed, one fether beed, one pare of blankctts, one boulster, 2 pillowes, 
one rugg, one little table, 2 stoules, £2 los. 

In the sarvanlts' chamber : 2 beedsteads, 2 flock beeds, 2 corner clothes (sic), 2 boulsters, and 2 
happeings, ^i los. 

In the parkr : one dosen of Turkey worke chares, one table and carpett, with carsey hangeings, ^5. 

In the hall: 2 tables, one dosen of lether chairs, £1 los. ; table lining and sheets, ;/^2o. 

In the hitching : puter and brass and 3 tables, ^15 ; a brewing vessall, meike boules and skeles, £5. 

One silver cann and one dosen of silver spoons, ^8. One bond of Mr. Thomas Wrayes, £iS ; 
three bonds of £2^, per bond, £75 ; total, ^180. The gross sumone in ail comes to £389 los. 

The Sandersons took the losing side in the Rebellion of 171 5, and a 
warrant' was issued for the apprehension of William Sanderson of Healey; 
he was taken prisoner, but escaped from Chester." In 1745 the name of 
George Sanderson^ of Healey, gentleman, aged forty-five years, appears in 
a list of ' reputed papists and nonjurors within the east division of Tindale 
Ward.' ' 

' Sessions Records. ' Bates, History of Northumberland (1895), p. 261. 

^ 7th September, 1717. George Sanderson of Errington, as a Roman Catholic, registers an annuity 
of £80 per annum, charged on Healey, payable to himself for life, and then to Elizabeth, his wife, 
secured by a deed dated 20th October, 1696, made between (l) Barbara Sanderson of Healy, widow 
of William Sanderson of Healey, gentleman, him, the said George Sanderson, and William Sanderson, 
the younger, his brother, and (2) William Widdrington, son and heir apparent of Ralph Widdrington 
of Cheeseburn Grange, &c. ; (3) Salvin and Johnson. .4nd also by another deed dated 12th February, 
1712/3, made between (l) the said (jeorge Sanderson and Elizabeth, his wife, the said William 
Sanderson, the brother, Barbara Sanderson, widow, (2) William Fenwick of Bywell and William 
Sanderson, the elder of Greenside, in the county of Durham, and (3) Sir Reginald Graham of Norton 
Conyers. Roman Catholic Registers at Moot Hall, Newcastle. 

August 1st, 1747. George Sanderson of Healy conveyed his estate to his trustees in trust for the 
payment of his debts and to provide for the education of his children. Deeds enrolled at Quarter 
Sessions in the custody of the Clerk of the Peace. 

' Sessions Records. The names of George Sanderson of Errington, gentleman, with an estate ol ^380 
per annum, and of William Saunderson of Healey, gentleman, with an estate of ^168 per annum, appear 
in Cosin's List of Catholic Non-jurors, 1715, ed. 1862, pp. 86, 90. 

'The Chevalier in all appearance had little reason to expect any considerable assistance from his 
friends there [Lancashire] if held in the same light with those in Northumberland, where only two 
gentlemen [Mr. Sanderson and Mr. Taylor] joined him.' Memorials of John Murray of Broughton, ed. by 
R. F. Bell, Edinburgh, i8g8, p. 244. 




John Sanderson of Healey who purchased Staward in 1635, purchased lands in Corbridge, 1641 (/) ; ; 
was fined for delinquency in 1649, and in 1659 answered for lands at Dotland at the Court of Hexham (/). 

William Sanderson of Healey was =Barbara. dau. of George 

assessed in 1663 for lands 
Healey, Folherlev, Lingeyfield, 
Slaley, Dotland, Blackball, and 
Staward : sold Staward in 1664 : 
buried at Rothbury isth Feb., 
1676/7 (0- 

Selby of Whitehouse, 
CO. Durham («) ; bond 
of marriage, loth Jan., 
1665 ; living 12th Feb., 
1712/3 ; buried 12th 
Sept., 1714(0)- 

■ I 
Thomas Sanderson, to whom his = 
father by deed dated loth 
Nov., 1653, gave lands at 
Blackball, and Easter and 
Wester Steel, in the regality 
of He.xhara, was rated in 1663, 
for Blackball and Steelhall. 

^[? Eleanor ; bur. 
I March, 1697/8 
\ (")•] 

Dorothy [dau. of 
John Hodgson of 
Manor - house, 
Lanchester (/)] ; 
party to a surren- 
der of lands 19th 
March, 1671 (/(■). 

John Sanderson of 
Healey, son and 
heir, died unmar. 
(a) ; will dated 
i6th July, 1694, 
proved 1695 Qrn). 



George Sanderson := Elizabeth, William Sanderson, third = Elizabeth Charlton of 

of Healey was 
residing at Er- 
rington in 1717, 
1726, and was liv. 
s./i. (ff) ; bur. 6th 
Mar., 1757 (/))(o). 

dau. of 
of 'West- 
(a); bur. 
1845 (c). 

son (a) ; living 1700 
(«) at Cheeseburn 
grange; was out in '15, 
succeeded his brother 
4th Feb., 1726/7. 

Hesleyside (a) ; mar. 
from the Lambshield, 
at He.xham, .... 
170000 ; liv. 4th Feb., 
1726/7; dead before 7th 
May 1748 (A) ; buried 
23rd Aug., 1734 (o). 

Clare, an Aus- 
tin nun at 
Bruges (a) ; 
named in the 
will of her 
brother John. 

George Sanderson of = Elizabeth, dau. of William Widdrington of Cheese- John Sanderson, second son (a); as 'brother 

Healey, son and burn grange (a) and sister and co-heir of Ralph german' of George Sanderson of Healey, party 

heir («) ; bur. 31st Widdrington, of the same place {/i) ; bond of to the marriage settlement, dated 28th March, 

Oct., 1763 (0). marriage, 23rd Oct., 1725; post-nuptial settle- 1752, of Robert Carnegy and Helen, daughter 

ment, 4th Feb., 1726/7 ; bur. 23rd Aug., 1734 (o)- of Philip Hodgson of tone (/). 


named in 
the will of 
Miss .Mar- 
garet Hodg- 
son of Tone 
(/); bur. 
30th Sept., 
1800, aged 
82 years (0). 

William Sander- 
son of Healey 
(/<) ; living at 
Felton in 1776 
(>-) ; living 26th 
April, 1783, 
when he mort- 
gaged his man- 
or and lands of 
died at Merry- 
shields; bur. 2nd 
Apr., 1805, aged 
80 years (0). 

William Sanderson of Healey, bapt. 
7th March, 1759 (c), who assumed 
the name of Hodgson on succeed- 
ing to Tone, under the will of 
Miss Margaret Hodgson in 17S3 
(/) ; made an assignment to his 
creditors, 27th June, 1812 (/'), 
and sought refuge at Holyrood ; 

son of 

Ralph Sander- 
son, living at 
Swinburn cas- 
tle (/'), after- 
wards at Tone, 
and named in 
the will of 
Miss Margaret 
Hodgson, 24th 
died at Tone ; 
bur. 4th Sept., 
1801, aged 67 
(«) (")• 

Thomas Sanderson lived at 
Healey (i5) ; living 19th 
Oct., 1762 {i) [? some- 
time at Cheeseburn 
grange ; if so, his wife's 
name was Elizabeth, and 
their children, George, 
born nth July, 1771, and 
Mary, born 3rd Sept., 1 773, 
were bapt. at Qieeseburn 
grange (c)] ; died at Broom- 
haugh,4th Jan., 1800, aged 
63 («) (c). 

III! . _ 

Mary, marned John Ellison of 
Hassocks (/<) ; mar\ at Slaley, 
30th Dec, 1751 (^); both 
living 4th June, 1754 (^) ; 
bur. 15th Feb., 1789 (0). 

Elizabeth, mar. John Leighton 
of Healey (/;). 

Barbara, mar. William Wilkin- 
son of the Lee (/;) ; both liv- 
ing 6th May, 1760 (/;). 

Anne, mar. George Storey of 
Sturton - grange ((5) ; both 
living 2i5t Sept., 1765 (/;). 

died at 

Calais, J4th May, 1820 

Margaret Eleanor, dau. of 
Bacon Wastell, and 
granddaughter of 
Henry Wastell, rector of 
Simondburn ; mar. at 
Chollerton, i6th June, 
ment, 23rd April, 1798 ; 
died 1863 ; bur. Carlisle 
cemetery (j). 


^ Dorothy, dau. 
and co-heir of 
Thomas Daw- 
son of Tan- 
field (/^); mar. 
at St. And- 
rew's, Newcas- 
tle, 27th July, 

I I 

Elizabeth, bapt. loth 
Nov. 1754 (c) ; died 
at Cheeseburn grange, 
bur. 3rd Aug. 1761 (f). 

Frances, bapt, nth .Vlaich, 
1 7 5 7 (c) ; died at Cheese- 
burn grange; bur. nth 
April, 1759(0- 

Elizabeth, bur. nth Nov., 
1782 (o> 

I I 

William Sanderson of Stockton, attorney ((J). John Thomas Sanderson (/<). 

* About the year :66o the Sandersons of Healey had money dealings with 
the-Forest, from whom they may possibly be descended. 

(rt) Brit. Mus. Ad,/. MS., 8942, p. 5. 
li) Bell Collection, vols. 374, 388, 418. 
(c) Stamfovtiham Register, 
i^ti') Hexham Megrs/er. 
(*-) Rothbury Register. 
(/) Cf. vol. iv. of this work, pp. 41, 
46, 298, 299. 

(.f) Slaley Register. 

(Ji') Cheeseburn-grange Deeds. 

(/) Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 

(/•) Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, 

'.■\,' p. 65-69, 'W,' p. 263. 
(/n) Durham Probate Registry, 
(b) M.L Bywell St. Peter. 

II I I . 

Mary Dorothy Clementina Maria 

the family of Sanderson of Hutton-in- 

(0) Bywell St. Peter Registers. 

(/) iVewcastle Courant, I2th March, 1757. 

(r) Sessions Records. 

{s) Ex inf. Mrs.Wm. Forster of Houghton- 

hall, Carlisle, July, 1901. 
(/) Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 319. 



Evidences to Sanderson Pedigree. 

1694, '(>^^ J"'y- ^^'" °f John Sanderson of Healey, gentleman. To my dear brother, William Sanderson, 
£()0 a year out of the income of Healey, a/ias Temple Hely, High and Low Fauderley, Lingyfield house, Slealey, 
and my part of the tythes of the rectory or parcel of Holly-stone and Allenton. To my sister, Clara Sanderson, 
/200. All my personal estate to my dear mother, Barbary Sanderson, she executrix. Proved 1695. Durham 
Probate Rtgistry. 

4th February, 1726/7. Indenture between (O William Sanderson of Healey, gentleman, (2) George Sanderson 
of the same place (eldest son and heir apparent of the said William Sanderson), and Elizabeth, his wife, (3) William 
Sanderson of .Vrmathwaite, Cumberland, esq., (4) John Penwick of Bywell and William Poller of Hawkwell, (5) Sir 
Christopher Musgrave of Eden hall and William Wrightson of Cusworth, (6) Nicholas Fenwick of Newcastle, and 
Charles Clark of Gray's Inn; being a settlement after the marriage of George Sanderson with Elizabeth, daughter of 
William Widdrington and sister of Ralph Widdrington of Cheeseburn grange, whereby Temple Heley and the water 
corn mill, Scotchwood and Horselee close were conveyed to trustees to secure a jointure to the said Elizabeth, whose 
portion was /l,500. The estate was subject to a mortgage of £yxi held by William Sanderson of Armathwaite,' and 
to an annuity of /40 to George Sanderson (brother of William Sanderson of Healey), and to Elizabeth, wife of the 
faid George ; John, second son of William Sanderson of Healey, is named. Deids euro/led al Quarter Sessions in 
the Custody of the Clerk of the Peace. 

William Sanderson, in 1784, obtained the estates of the Hodgsons of 
Tone under the will of Miss Margaret Hodgson,- but falling into financial 
difBculties, he was compelled to convey the estates so acquired, and also 
his patrimonial inheritance, to Edward Charlton of Sandhoe and William 

Witham of Durham, by 
deeds dated 26th and 
27th June, 18 1 2, as trus- 
tees for the benefit of his 
creditors. Healey, as ad- 
vertised for sale in 18 16, 
was stated to comprise an 
estate of 1603 acres of 
arable, meadow, pasture 
and wood lands, together with 666 acres, being allotments on Broomley 
common, then staked out and adjoining.^ It was purchased by Mr. Robert 
Ormston of Newcastle for the sum of _2^ 22,000, whose son, of the same 
name, took down the old peel house, and, partly on the foundations, 
erected the present house.' By the second Mr. Robert Ormston, who 
died in 1882, it was devised to his first cousin, once removed, Mr. William 

' Armathwaite was purchased in 1712 by William Sanderson, then of Burton Constable, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Howard of Corby. Dying in 1527, he was succeeded by his brother, 
Robert Sanderson, who, at his death in 1741, gave his estate to his widow for her life, and afterwards to 
his nephew, William Milburn (of Newcastle). Nicholson and Burn, Weitmorland and Ciiinhcrland, 
vol. ii. pp. 242, 337. 

■ Cf. vol. iv. of the work, p. 299. ^ Newcastle Couyant, October 5th, iSiG. 

* Ex inf. Rev. .'Vnthony Johnson. 

.vA*.^ b^ W^i. 0»rN^.,t.j 



Aldam of Frickley, near Doncaster, who enlarged the house, and extended 
the pleasure grounds by including in them a very pretty dene a mile and 
a half in length. He added to the estate by the purchase of Eastwood- 
house, and died in 1890, when he was succeeded bv his son Mr. William 
Wright Warde-Aldam, the present owner. 


Charles Ormston (o) = Janet Chatto (o). 

Charles Ormston of Kelso and of Ednam Spittal purchased Hendersyde in 1715 
(a) ; died 26th Sept., 1746, aged 79. ' A man of great plainness, sobriety and 
temperance, of great humanity and hospitality (//). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Ribton 
of Great Broughton, Cumberland, 
married 1 690 (o). 

Charles Orms- 
ton of Hen- 

Elizabeth, dau. of Jonathan Ormston, born at Kelso 12th Sept., 1708 = MaryGoldsbroughof Cockerton, 

.... Rawlinson (0) ; settled in Newcastle ; one of the original near Darlington, married 20th 

of Graythwaite, partners of the Tyne Bank in Newcastle (/), May, 1745 (") ; mentioned in 

Lancashire. and agent of the family of Heselerigg of Noseley the will of Ann Hodgson, of 

{g) ; died at his house in the Westgate, 23rd HIswick, 7th April, 1772 {i) ; 

September, 1780, aged 73 (/;) ('«).* died nth February, 1795 (")• 

William Ormston of Hendersyde, : 
doctor of medicine ; died at 
Kelso, 'in the prime of his age,' 
Dec. 1770; of 'great merit, in 
life very much beloved ' (c). 

Jane, daughter of Charles Selby of 
Karle. She remarried, .Aug. 1778, 
Michael Pearson of Matfen, and 
3rd, George Silvertop of Minster- 


John Waldie of Berryhill, com- 
missary clerk of Peebles, and 
writer to the signet at Kelso; 
died at Benwell, 7th Sept., 
1780 (d). 

I I I 

George Waldie of [lender- = Ann, eldest Charles, born 

syde,of Kingswoodandof ^ dau., died 14th .March, 

Forth House, Newcastle, 14th Sept., i745/6;died 

died at Hendersyde, 13th l83i,aged 27th Aug., 

January, 1826, aged 70 84. f 1767 (p). 

Robert Ormston of Saville = Catherine, daughter of Ger- 
Place. Newcastle, born vase Benson of Leeds 

nth July, 1749 (0) ; pur- 
chased Healey circa 1816 ; 
died 8th October, 1836, 
aged 87 (/) (»,). 

married at Bradford meet- 
ing 2gth May, 1779 W ; 
died i6th May 1847, aged 
92 (,/>}. 

Jonathan, born 12th Novem- 
ber, 1781 (0) ; died nth 
June, 1782 (0). 

Thomas, born 2nd July, 1783 
(«) ; died 30th June, 1789 


Robert Ormston of Newcastle and 
Healey, born loth December, 
1789 ; rebuilt Healey hall, and 
dying unmarried, 22nd Dec, 
1882 (/), devised Healey to his 
kinsman, William Aldam. 

Barbara, born 20th August 1780 (0), died unmarried 
3rd December, 1851, aged 71 (/). 

Mary Ann, born 4th December, 17S4 (0) ; died un- 
married 13th December, i860, aged 76 (/). 

Isabella, born 15th April, 1786(0); died unmarried 
27th December, 1867, aged 81 (/). 

• Jonathan Ormston, when steward to the Heselriggs of Noseley, obtained four original letters from Cromwell 
to Sir Arthur Heselrigg; they are printed in Brand, Newcastle^ vol. ii. p. 479, and as letters Nos. 126 and 12S by 
Carlyle, Cromwell's Letters and Speeches. 

f For a memoir of George and Ann Waldie's youngest child, Jane Waldie, wife of G. \. Watts, Admiral, R.N., 
an artist and author, see Welford, Men of ^fark 'iwixt Tyne and Tweed, vol. iii. p. 583. 

(«) Anderson, Scottish Nation, vol. iii. p. 596. Cf, History 

Berwick:. Nat. Cluh, vol. x. p. 342. 
(Ji) Newcastle Journal, nth October, 1746. 
{/) Iliid. 22nd Deeemtjer, 1770. 
(rf) Ibid, gth September, 1780, and Gentleman's Magazine, 

1780, p. 446. 
(f) Newcastle Magazine, February, 1 826, p. 98. 
(/) Newcastle Journal, 26th March, 1777. 
Ijg) Ibid. 30th August, 1780, 

(//) Newcastle Journal, 30th September, 1780, and Gentle- 
man s Magazine, 1 780, p. 494. 
(/) Raine, Test. Elior. 
(Ji) Newcastle Journal, 5th June, 1779. 
(0 M.I. Westgate Cemetery. 
(/«) Register of Societv of Friends, Newcastle. 
(«) Mr. Warde-Aldam's Papers. 
{0) Family Papers with Mr. J. L. Ford, 


A chapel of ease, dedicated to St. John, built from designs by Mr. 
C. E. Davis of Bath, was consecrated on the 13th September, i860, to which 
a tower was added in 1890, from designs by Messrs. Montgomery and Cam 
By an order in council published in the London Gazette, October 27th, 1876, 
a district, comprising the townships of Healey, Fotherley, and Espershields, 
with Eastwood house and Pithouse, two detached pieces of the township of 
Broomley, having an area of 7,166 acres, was severed from the mother 
church of Bywell St. Peter and constituted a parish. The benefice was 
endowed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners with a fraction of the rectorial 
or great tithes of Bywell St. Peter, and was conferred by the vicar of St. 
Peter's upon the Rev. Anthony Johnson, the present incumbent. 

The national schoolroom was built by subscription in 1868, and in 
1877, two acres of glebe having been given by Mr. Robert Ormston, and a 
grant of;^i,500 being made by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, a parsonage 
house was built at a cost of _£2,57i, from designs by Mr. Salvin.' 


The manor of Whittonstall is conterminous with the two townships of 
Whittonstall and Newlands, the former of which comprises 2,176 acres and 
the latter 1,651 acres. The population of Whittonstall in 1901 was 157, 
and that of Newlands 123.- The village of Whittonstall, in which is situated 
the parochial chapel and parsonage house, the schools, and a small number of 
farm houses and cottages, occupies an exposed situation within the 700 feet 
contour hne on the crest of the hill which forms the watershed between the 
valleys of the Tyne and Derwent. The hamlet of Newlands is situated in a 
more sheltered position near the Mere burn. The greater part of the land 
has a southern exposure, and it is crossed from south-east to north-west by 
Watling Street as it takes its course from Ebchester to Corbridge. 

The name of the place, which points to an Anglian occupation, whatever 
its first constituent may mean, represents in the latter part, Tunstall, the 
house or home steading of its first English owner. The fence surrounding it, 

' Ex inf. Rev. Anthony Johnson. 

^ The Census Returns are: 1801, Whittonstall with Newlands, 258; 181 1, Whittonstall with New- 
lands, 244 ; 1821, Whittonstall, 146; 1831, 175 ; 1841,184; 1851,198; 1861,219; •871,174; 1881,156; 
1891, 153; 190'! 157- Newlands : the Census Returns for iSoi and 181 1 are with those of Whitton- 
stall : 1821, 154; 1831, 161; 1841, 168; 1851, 174; 1861, 138; 1871, 130; 1881, no; 1891, 148; 1901, 123. 


in which the term ' tun ' had its origin, was possibly made of the living thorn 
tree, and thus the separated dwelling, so dear to all the Teutonic peoples in 
their primitive condition, became the ' Quic Tunstal,' the present Whitton- 
stall. In the neighbouring county of Durham, Tunstall near Sunderland 
contains the last part of the place name, and Tunstall and Tunstead occur 
elsewhere in England. 

A member of the lordship given by William Rufus to Guy de Baliol, it 
was made by his successor, Bernard, into one of the sub-infeudationsby 
which, through the introduction of a new system of land tenure, the regal fee 
of England itself was to be parcelled out and appropriated. Bernard de Baliol, 
in the latter part of the twelfth century, having constituted it a manor, endowed 
with the profits and rights which accrued from it to the person who by his 
grant became its owner, and burdened on the other hand with the accustomed 
services due to the feudal lord, gave it to a namesake and fellow-countryman, 
Bernard de Arenis. By the terms of the grant it was to be held by the 
service of the quarter part of a knight's fee, and attached to it were the 
privileges and liberties appurtenant to such a holding. To the vill itself were 
afterwards added various portions of ground taken out of the unenclosed 
land of the lord of the fee of Bywell, one of which, a fresh assart, fenced in 
and brought under cultivation from the waste, ultimately became a hamlet 
under the name of Newlands. 

The name of the family to which the new possessor of Whittonstall 
belonged was derived from Airaines, in the department of the Somme, about 
twenty miles to the north-west of Amiens. The church of that place was 
given, about the year i lOO, by Stephen, count of Aumale, to the Cluniac 
priory of St. Martin des Champs at Paris, and among the witnesses the name 
of the treasurer of Amiens, Warnerius de Arenis, occurs.' 

It is probable that the family of de Arenis, which afterwards became 
Darrayns, had in their home in Picardy some connection in blood with 
that of Baliol. The identity of the two christian names, Bernard and Guy, 
which occur in the early descents of the two families, may be considered 
favourable to the existence of such a relationship. The appearance of the 
orlc of Baliol in the armorial coat of Darrayns, though, as in the case of 
Surtees, and perhaps of Bertram, it may have originated merely in a feudal 
connection, may with greater probability be referred to a nearer tie than 

' Cal. Doc. ill France, ed. Round, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 459. 
Vol. VI. 23 


that of lord and retainer. Nothing seems to be known of the family in 
England until they were settled in Whittonstall, except the fact that Guy, 
son of Bernard de Arenis, gave four virgates of land, one-half of a knight's 
fee, at Mi.xbur', in O.xfordshire, to the church and canons of Oseney.' 

The manor granted by Bernard de Baliol, with the additions afterwards 
made to it, appears to have comprised the present townships of Whittonstall 
and Newlands, and, in the main, was contained within the boundaries laid 
out in the charter conveying it to Bernard de Arenis. 

The boundar>' commenced as Tillihteburn [Tyllyleburne] " falls into Derewente, and upwards as far 
as Merebume, and along Mereburne upwards to Sandiforde, and then along the wascel' [zcascelltim] of 
.Sandiforde upwards to the thorn Aldensclling [Snellythorn], and from the thorn Aldenselling towards the 
north by the middle of Alresbars [.Alrybaruwys] as the divisions of Quictunstal [Quictunystalle] and of 
Sotleie [Scotteley] divide, and as the land of Bakwurtha [Bakwrde] is opposite to the moor of Quictunstal 
as far as the vraile' [I'ra/iKm] of the wood towards the north, and the vraile of the wood on the east as 
far as the road of Hokesti [Hoxty] towards the north, [et versus acquiloneni] as far as Waldeuerode 
[VValdesrode] and so Waldeuerode opposite the valley [contra valletn] as far as Bleieburne [Berley- 
burne], and Bleieburne upwards to the head, and afterwards the division between Quictunstal and 
Hedleie towards the south as far as into Derewente, and so Derewente upwards as far as Tillihteburne. 

In addition to the grant of the vill of Quictunstal, Bernard's charter 
includes the two Bakwurths with their appurtenances and liberties by their 
right boundaries, which are described as being between Sotleie (Shotley) 
and Quictunstal. The interest of the charter is so great, constituting as it 
does the creation of a new estate in the form and manner in which, at the 
time, such a conveyance was made, that it must be given in its entirety 
as it is contained in the original charter.* Bernard de Areines' estate w'as 


' Brit. Mus. vol. Vit. E xv. folio 121, Registrum Abbatiac dc Oseneiae ; cf. Red Book oj the Exchequer, 
Rolls Series, p. 586. 

■ The boundaries are repeated in a confirmation to Bernard's son Guy by John de Baliol, to be 
noticed presently. As the spelling and other incidents differ in that deed from those in the deed of 
Bernard de Baliol, these differences have been added within brackets. 

" Wascclliim is a very uncommon word, and does not occur in any of the glossaries. It probably 
means a small runner of water down a hollow, or minute valley. It is found in some deeds connected 
w ith Esh, in the county of Durham, in the following connection : ' cum toftis et croftis ex boriali 
parte exitus villae de Ess, propinquioribus wascello parvo juxta capellam currenti versus orientem.' 
Durham Treasury Carti<laritiiit Eleiitnsinarii, fol. 75 )'. 

' Vralium appears to be a word still more uncommon than 'wascellum,' and, like it, is absent from the 
glossaries. The most likely explanation is that it represents the fringe or edge of the wood. 

' Omnibus hominibus ad quos praesens carta pervenerit praesentibus et futuiis Bernardus de Baillol 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et hac praesenti carta mea confirmasse Bernardo de .Areines 
pro homagio et ser\itio suo totam villam de Quictunstal cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus ad illani 
villam pertinentibus, et per has divisas, scilicet, sicut Tillihteburna cadit in Derewente sursum usque in 
Mereburne et Mereburne sursum usque ad .Sandiforde, et postea le wascel de .Sandiforde sursum usque 
ad spinam Aldenselling, et de spina .-Mdenselling versus le north per medium Alresbars sicut divisae de 
Quictunstal et de Sotleie dividunt, et sicut terra de Bakwurtha obviat morae de Quictunstal usque ad vraile 


further increased by a grant' from Hugh de Baliol, grandson of the original 
grantor, of three carucates of hind, comprising 20i| acres, in the east part of 
the vill of Quictunstal, forty-five acres in the south part near the road 
leading to Ebbecestre towards the west, and sixty-eight and a half acres in 
Ulewomme in the west part of the exit of the vill. The land was to be 
assarted, cultivated, built upon and enclosed by a ditch and hedge, with 
all the improvements that can be made within the lands without any 
restriction, in increment of his land of Quictunstal, to be held by the 
same service, that of the quarter of a knight's fee, as he held the vill 
itself. This was probably the new assart, afterwards the township of 
Newlands, the tithes of which the same Hugh de Baliol gave to the 
monastery of Durham.' The land which passed under these grants was 
added to by John de Baliol, the son and successor of Hugh, who gave 
to Guy de Areynes, the son of the first owner, Bernard, a confirmatory 
charter of the vill of Whittonstall and Newlands, with other lands in 
addition.' These comprised sixty acres of land for an increment, to be 
brought into cultivation, near the exit of Newlands towards the south, nearest 
to the boundaries of Waskyrley ; twenty-six acres in Crowellestrothyr in 
the west part of Tonnewhomme, and in another part seventy-two acres on 
the west side of the house of Galfrid le verrer upon Holnyhyrst, for the 
increment of Newlands, to be brought into cultivation together with the 
other sixty acres. The whole was to be held in fee and heirship by the 
service of the fourth part of a knight's fee for Whittonstall and the yearly 

nemoris versus le north, at vraile nemoris versus orientem usque ad viam de Hokesti versus le north 
usque ad Ic Waldeuerode, et sic Waldeuerode cuntreual usque Bleieburne, et Bleieburne sursuni usque ad 
sursum, et postea divisa inter Quictunstal et Hedleie versus le sutl; usque in Derewente, et sic Derewente 
sursum usque ad Tillihteburne, sine ullo retinemento mei vel hcredum meorum ; et utrasque Bakvvurthas 
cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus et integritatibus stiis per suas rectas divisas quae sunt inter 
Sotleie et Quictunstal, sine aliquo retinemento. Quare volo atque praecipio quod idem Hernardus et heredes 
sui post eum habeant et teneant et possideant totas praedictas terras de me et de heredibus meis in 
bosco et piano et in omnibus locis et in omnibus libertatibus, et aisiamentis ad illas pertinentibus cum 
omni integritate et cum omnibus emendamentis C|uae infra illas terras fieri possunt sine ullo retinemento, 
in feudo et hereditate libere et quiete, honorifice et solute ab omni servitio, et consuetudine, et exactione, 
faciendo mihi et heredibus mcis quartam partem servitii unius militis; et ego et heredes mei haec omnia 
praedicta sepedicto Bernardo et suis heredibus contra omncs homines et foeminas warantizabimus, et 
defendemus. Hiis testibus : Ernaldo filio Bence, Warino Trainel, Radulfo de Gunwartona, Willelmo super 
Teisam, Rannulfo filio Ilardi, Hugone filio Rogeri, Gilberto de la Val, Ingelramo de dum', Rogero Bertram, 
Widone Bertram, Roberto de Rue, et multis aliis. (Seal wanting.) Greenwich Hospital Ducuments, 
Record Office, box 20, bundle ' O,' No. 16. 

' Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6905. A poor impression of the same seal as that on the plate 
of seals is attached to the deed. 

'' Dur. Treas. 2''" 2'''"' Spec. No. g. 

" Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6909*. To the deed an imperfect seal is still attached. It is i| in. diameter. 
Equestrian, shield seen on the inside ILL. I . . . NNIS : DE ; B.AILO .... 


payment, at two terms, Pentecost and Martinmas, of thirteen marcs sterling 
for Newlands. John de Baliol retained for himself, his heirs, and his men 
of Bywelleschyre, common rights of pasture equally with Guy, his heirs, 
and his men, retaining also the wood within the common pasture to make 
use of for their needful purposes. Guy was to have for himself, his heirs, 
and his men of the two vills, reasonable estovers^ of green wood for 
building, under the supervision of Baliol's foresters, and of dead wood at 
their own discretion. 

Bernard de Arenis appears to have commenced to sub infeudate soon 
after he came into possession of the manor. There is an agreement^ made 
between him and Serlo de Quictunstall, which cannot be much, if at all, later 
than the beginning of the thirteenth century, which presupposes a previous 
grant no longer in existence. It is a document of extreme interest and 
contains matter which adds a bright touch of colour to a relation perhaps 
somewhat technical and dull. Serlo admits that he is bound to pay los. a 
year for ferm, and 8s., the sum being the same in each case, for relief, merchet 
and forfeiture. He agrees that within the limits of the county he shall go in 
company with Bernard, or his steward, at his own expense, having reasonable 
summons. That he, or some one in his place, shall accompany Bernard, or 
his steward, beyond the moor as far as to Castel Bernard to safeguard his 

' Estovers : necessaries or supplies : a reasonable allowance out of lands or goods for the use of a tenant. 

' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. 6905*. Haec est convencio et concordia facta inter Bernardum de 
Haraines et Serlonein de Quictunstal, scilicet, quod praedictus Serlo recognovit praedicto liernardo 
servicium quod ei facere debet de niedietate villae de Quictunstal, scilicet, quod praedictus Serlo reddere 
debet praedicto Bernardo decern solidos de firma per annum ad Pentecosten. Debet et enini relevium 
suum esse octo solidos et mercetum suum octo solidos ct forisfactum suum octo solidos. Et praedictus 
Serlo ibit cum praedicto Bernardo vel dapifero suo infra comitatum proprio sumptu ad convenientem 
summonitionem. Ibitque praedictus Serlo vel aliquis pro eo cum praedicto Bernardo vel dapifero suo 
ultra moram usque ad castellum Bernard! ad conducendum dominum suum vel teshaurum suum. Et 
Serlo et homines sui molent ad molendinum de Quictunstal et molturam dabunt. Et homines praedicti 
Serlonis facient medietatem tocius operis praedicti molendini. Set praedictus Serlo quietus erit 
de opere praedicti molendini de propria domu. Et si summus dominus feodi commune auxilium in 
Biwellesiria posuerit, praedictus Serlo dabit praedicto Bernardo auxilium quantum pertinet ad 
medietatem ipsius villae in Biwellesiria. Et forinsecum servicium faciet medietatis ejusdem villae. Et 
si forte milites Eustachii de Bailol communiter faciant opus castelli Bernard!, praedictus Serlo inveniet 
ad praedictum opus per unam ebdomodam duos homines vel per C|uindecim dies unum hominem. Et 
propter banc conventionem et concordiam habendam et tenendam praefatus Serlo quietum clamavit 
praefato Bernardo duas bovatas terrae suae medietatis habendo in dominium, et de altera terra sua quam 
tenet faciet medietatem tocius servicii quod pertinet ad pracfatam villam. Et defendet medietatem 
dominii praedicti Bernardi quod idem Bernardus die qua haec concordia facta fuit in dominio tenuit. Et 
si praedictus Bernardus potest inquirere aliud servitium quod praedictus Serlo debeat quam haec 
conventio testatur et probare vel ostendere possit, sine dolo et malo ingenio praedictus Serlo illud 
servicium recognescet et faciet et cirographum renovabitur et illud servicium inponetur. Hiis testibus. 
Gilberto de laual, Nicholao de Moreuic, Ada de Jescmue, W'illelmo de Mainillohermeri, Roberto 
Bertram, Willelmo Mautalent, Hugone de C'udene, Roberto Morel, Nicholao de Hedun, Ada Barat, 
Willelmo de Faudune, Henrico de Kiigertona, Nigillo de Dicigt,' Willelmo de Munbi, Willelmo de 
Backewrthe, Milone de Quictunstal, Rann' de Throkelaue et multis aliis. (Seal wanting.) 


lord (Bernard's over-lord, Baliol) or his money. Serlo and his men are to 
grind at the mill of Quictunstal and to pay multure ; his men are to do half 
the work of the mill, but Serlo is to be free of the work from his own house. 
In case the over-lord of the fee shall impose common aid in Bywellshire, 
Serlo has to give Bernard as much aid as pertains to the moiety of the same 
vill in Bywellshire. He was also bound to do foreign service as much as 
was due from a moiety of the vill. In the event of the knights of Eustace 
de Baliol having to do work in common at Castel Bernard, Serlo was to find 
two men for one week or one man for fifteen days. In recompense for 
the agreement Serlo quit claimed to Bernard two bovates of land out of the 
moiety to be held in demesne, and for the rest of the land he was to render 
one half of the whole service pertaining to the vill. He was also bound to 
defend a moiety of the land which Bernard had in demesne on the day when 
the agreement was made. There is a further provision that if Bernard was 
able to demand, or to show grounds for demanding, any other service than 
that included in the agreement, that then without fraud or bad intent Serlo 
should recognise that service and make a new deed in which the service 
should be included. The agreement is witnessed by a large number of people 
of high position, a circumstance which seems to indicate the importance of 
the transaction. 

A deed of the early part of the thirteenth century gives an incident of 
family history which may enliven the dryness of legal and territorial details. 
A landowner of the name of Richard,* to whom, in order to distinguish him 
from other people of the name, the addition of ' cum lockis ' was made (we can 
picture him, and perhaps have known persons whom the cognomen would 
fit), lived on the hill on the opposite side of the Derwent, within sight of 
Whittonstall, at Medomsley. He had married a widow, apparently an heiress,^ 
called Quenilda, and had a stepson, William. William, who had married 
Ysabela, the granddaughter {neptis) of Bernard de Hareines, had given her 
in dower a third part of Medomsley, which was confirmed by Richard ' with 
the locks' and his wife Quenilda.^ Richard had granted, probably before 
then, with the consent of his wife and William, her heir, fifteen acres of land 
in the field of Medmesleia, nearest to the land of Ebbecesterdene towards the 
west, to the almoner of the convent of Durham.* The gift was confirmed by 

' C/. Durham Liber Vitae, p. loi. ' Ricardus cum loccis,' his wife Matilda, their sons Robert, Alan 
and William, and their daughters Beatrix and Cassandra. 

'^ Cf. Ibid. p. 84. ' Quenilda filia Ricardi tilii Rogeri '; and p. 100, ' Sparhaueck (Sparrowhawk) et uxor 
ejus Quenild.' '' Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 6907-. ' Dur. Tnas. Cart. Elemosinarii, fol. 6 v. 


(Jiicnilda's son, who calls himself in the deed ' Willelmus filius Willehni 
venatoris,' and on the seal ' Willenuis de Medmesleie.' ' The seal is round, 
if inches in diameter, with the device of a huntini; horn slung bv a strap, 
and with the legend, "I-* sigill willei.mi de medmesleie. Medomsley has 
been for centuries, and still is, in the possession of two branches of the 
family of Hunter, which, there can scarcely be a doubt, descend from 
William the hunter and his mother, the heiress Ouenilda. 

The moiety of the vill did not remain long separated from the remainder 
of the manor, for Agnes, the daughter of Serlo de Quictunstal, quitclaimed 
to Guido, son of Bernard de Areines, all right she had in the moiety, receiving 
from him sixty acres of land in the same vill, which Serlo, her father, had 
held. She was to render yearly one pound of cummin on St. Cuthbert's day 
in September, and yd. for ward, on St. Thomas' day before Christmas." She 
had before then granted to Sir William de Hindeley six acres of land in the 
field of Quictunstal.^ 

At a time, probably not long after Bernard had a grant of the manor, 
he gave to Milo, whom he calls his man, the half of his demesne in arable 
land for his homage and service. It was to be held free and quit of all 
custom and service by the yearly pavment of 2s., which was to be remitted 

' Diir. Treas. V""' s"-"' Elemos. No. 3. - Misc. Chart. No. 690S. 

^ Ihid. No. 6912 Ego .-^nneis filia Serlonis de Quictunstal confirm. Dno Willo 

de Hyndeley pro homagio et sen suo vj acras terrae in canipo de Quictunstal, scil., duas in tofto et 
crofto juxta toftum Roberti filii mei vers, occid. et in campo apud orient, juxta spinam diniid. acram. 
et juxta viam quae tendit apud Ebecestre et super cuntes dim. acram. et in campo versus occid. iij 
acras. Tenend. et hab. sibi ... in feudo et hered. libere . . . Redd, inde annual, michi . . . unum 
par cirotecarum ad fest. S. Johis liapt. . . . Hiis test. Widone de Areines, Will, clerico de Westbires, 
Milone de Areines, Radulfo de P'airhil, Helia de Stokesfel, Rob. de. S. Germano, Phil, diacono, 
.Mano de Tesdale, Radulfo de Alriburne, et multis aliis. Round seal of white wax, i| inches diameter, 
flcur-di-lys, >J< SIGILI. .\GNETIS FIL 

The following charters relating to the family of Fabian of Whittonstall are also preserved in the 
Treasury : 

. . . Ego Robertus fil. Fabiani . . . Gvidoni filio Bernardi de .Areines et hered. suis totum jus 
et clamium quod habui vel habere debui in medietate villae de Quictunstal cum pert, quielum de me et 
hered. meis in perp., pro Ix acris terrae cum pert, in eadem villa quas .Serlo tenuit. Redd, inde annuatim 
eidem Gvidoni vel hered. suis unam libram cyniini ad fest. .S. Cuthberti in Sept. et septem denarios ad 
wardam in die S. Thom;e .-\p!i ante Natale, et sequendo molendinum suum de Quictunstal ad xiij vas 
pro omni opere et serv. . . . Hiis test. Will, de Hindeleia, Petro de Gunwart(on), Willo de Riddeleia, 
Nicholao de Heddun, Elia de Stokesfeld, Ranulfo de Fairhil, .'\lano de Teisedale, Willo de Bromleia, 
Milone de Ovington, Robto dc Sco Germano, Radulfo le Surreis, Robti clerico et aliis. Misc. 
Chart. No. 6927. 

. . . Ego Robertus fil. Fabiani de Quictunestal . . . confirm. Alano de Toised' pro serv. suo iij 
rodas et dim. terrae infra clausum quod Ydo de Araines ei dedit in incrementum alterius tenementi 
sui in villa de Quictunestal. Tenend. et hab. . . . libere . . . Redd, inde . . . mihi et hered. 
meis . . . annuatim unum paria cirotecarum vel j obol. die S. Johis Bapt. . . . Et ego Rob. ct hered. 
mei . . . diet, terram et omnes alias datas de me vel antecessorum meorum infra diet, clausum 
(warranty) . . . Hiis test. Domino Willo de Hinder, Vdone de Araines, Milone fratre ejus, Ranulfo 
de Fairhil, Helia de Stokesfeld, Ric. de Hel', Simone de HedF, Radulfo de -Alriburne et aliis. Misc. 
Chart. No. 6927-. 


whilst Milo held the office of bailiff. It is stated in the charter that it was 
given him in anticipation of the grant of one carucate of land which he was 
to hold by the same service as Bernard, son of Osbert, held his land.' Milo 
may have been a relation of Bernard, and the name occurs in a later 
generation attached to a member of the family in the person of Milo, who 
is a witness to a deed^ together with Ydo de Arainis who is called 
his brother. Anyhow Milo, Bernard's man, called himself de Arenes, as 
well as de Quictunstall, and using both on the same deed he quitclainied 
to Wido, son of Sir Bernard de Areynes, all the land he held in the vill of 
Quictunstal, with two parts of his toft, with all its appurtenances and with 
the service of Thomas, son of Arkill de Neuton, except the land he had 
previously given to the hospital of St. Mary, Newcastle. For this quit 
claim Wido had given him in his great need three marcs.' 

The grant mentioned above was made to the master and brethren of the 
hospital of St. Mary of Westgate in Newcastle, for his soul's health and for 
that of his lord, no relatives being mentioned. The land consisted of the 
third part of his toft in the vill of Quictunstal, towards the west, thirteen 
acres of cultivated land in the fields of the same vill, with the whole of his 

' Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6905''' ("). Bernardus de Arenis omn. aniicis suis Francis et Anglicis, 
clericis et laicis tarn futuris quam praesentibus hanc cartam audientibus et videntibus salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et concessisse et hac iiiea carta confirmasse Miloni honiini meo et heredibus suis dimidiam partem 
dedominio meo in Quictunstal de terra arabili propter homagium suum et propter servicium suum. H abend, 
et ten. in feodo et hereditate de me et de hered. nieis libere et quiete ab omni consuet. seculari et ab omni 
servicio. Reddendo annuatim niihi et her. meis ij sol. Et quamdiu fuerit bailhvus meus erit cjuietus de 
ij sol. Et cum non fuerit baillivus meus tunc reddet ij sol, in expectatione unius carrucatae terrae quam 
tenebit eodem servicio sicut Bertram filius Osberti tenet terrain suam. Hiis test. Willelmo Bertram, 
Guidone Bertram, Ricardo Bertram, Roberto Bertram, Roberto de Diuelestuna, Rad' de Sco Petro, 
Eustachio des hans, Helya capellano, Ricardo capellano, Henrico filio Johannis, Waltero Punchardun, 
Algaro senescal', Willelmo filio ejus, Ricardo Blundel, Willelmo de Bulesd', Rogero Bene, Hamone 
clerico. (Seal wanting.) 

^ See above, p. 182, note 3. 

^ Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6906. Milo de Quictunstal . . . quietam clamasse Widoni fil. Dni Bernardi de 
Areynes et heredibus suis totam terram meam quam tenui in villa de Quictunstal cum duabus 
partibus tofti mei versus orientem cum omnibus pertinenciis suis et cum servicio Thomae fil. Arkilli de 
Neuton, e.\cepta terra ilia cum oinn. suis pert, quam dedi Deo et Beatae Mariae et magistro et fratribus 
Hospitalis S. Mariae de Novo Castro, scil., tercia parte tofti mei apud occidentem cum xiij acris terrae 
cultae et excepto prato apud Holmedues et apud Langelandes et apud Standandestan. Pro hac autem 
donacione, concessione et quieta clamacione dedit mihi praed. Wido tres marcas argenti in mea magna 
necessitate (warranty). Hiis testibus. Mag. Radulfo capellano, Dno Patricio vicario de Biwelle, Dno 
Simone de Bruntoft, Roberto de Hindeley, Dno Willo fratre ejus, Willo de Medmesley, Radulfo de 
Fairhil, Helia de Stokesfeld, Gileb. de Mora, Arkil de Neuton, Rob. de Sco Germano, Gileberto de 
Risseford, et multis aliis. Round seal of white wax, one and three-quarter inches in diameter. Xflfur- 
de-lys |J< SIGILL MILES DAREINE.S ^ . . . 

Ibid. No. 6906-. Thomas fil. Arkil de Neuton . . . Dno Wiilo de Hindeley, pro serv. suo 
unum toftum et croftum et totam terram et pratum quam habui in villa de Quictunstal de dono Milonis, 
secundum quod continetur in carta dicti Milonis. Tenend . . . Redd, mihi annuatim unum par 
cirotecarum vel ununi obolum die S. Johis Bapt. . . . Hiis test. Ydone de .'\renes, Radulfo de Fairhil, 
Radulfo de Alrib', Ric. de Falderl', Willo filio Arkil de Neuton, Willo de Bromeley, Ada forest', Helia 
de Stokesfeld et aliis. (Seal wanting.) 


meadow at Langlandes and Holmedewes and Standandstan (probably an 
ancient British monolith), and with connnon pasture of the vill. The 
cultured land is set out specifically, and comprised two acres at Langelandes, 
towards the east, at Ebbecestre-lidgate one acre, at the thorn one acre, at 
Lundene one acre, at Flat one acre and a half towards the east, at Crukes 
one acre and a half, at West-riding one acre and a half, at Uluhom one 
acre and a half towards the west, at Westenbrokes one acre and a half, 
at Heuedland in Laini-riding three roods, at Laddewelle one rood.' The 
hospital retained the land until 1368, when William de Norton, master, and 
the brethren conveyed it to William de Menville." 

Guv Darrayns^ was dead before 1268, in which year, it is stated, John 
de Balliol held Newlands by lease from Roger Darrayns for a term of ten 
years. At that time, Walter of Newland held 46 acres, and paid a free rent 
of 13s. There were in Newlands fourteen bond tenants, who together held 
380 acres and paid £<) 4s. 4d., and seven cottars, who held 35 acres and paid 
17s. yd. per annum. The brewhouse produced 13s. 4d., and the mill £"], but 
the latter was subject to a perpetual rent charge of ^5, payable to Robert 
de Wybyr''* and his heirs. The rents of the vill amounted to £1^ 8s. 3d.^ 

At the same period, John de Baliol held in Wythtonstall 135I acres of 
demesne worth, at 6d. an acre, £2> 7^- 9^- There were three free tenants, 

' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6907. . . . Ego Milo de Quictunstal . . . Deo et B. Mariae et magistro et 
fratribus Hospitalis -Scae Mariae de Westgate in Novo Castro pro salute animae meae et domini uici 
terciam partem tofti niei in villa de Quinctunstal versus occidentem cum pert, suis et cum xiij acris terrae 
cultae cum pert, in campis ejusdem villae et cum toto prato meo apud Langelandes et apud Holmedwes et 
apud .Standandestan et cum communi pastura ejusdem villae, et cum omnibus communibus aisiamentis 
et libertatibus infra villam et extra villain ad eandem villam pertinentibus, in puram et perp. eleinosinam. 
Partes vero acrariae terrae cultae haec sunt : apud Langelandes ij acrae versus orientem, apud Ebbecestre 
Lidgete j acra, apud spinani j acra, apud Lundene j acra, apud Flat j acra et dimidia versus orientem, 
apud Crukes j acra et dim., apud West-riding j acra et dim., apud Vluhom j acra et dim. versus orientem, 
apud Westenebrokes j acra et dim., apud Heuedland in Lami-riding iij rodae, apud Laddewelle j roda. 
Quare volo et concedo quod praed. et fratres habeant et teneant praed. terram cum omn. pert, 
suis et libertatibus in lib., purain et perp. elemos. sicut aliquae elemosina liberius teneri potest aut 
concedi (warranty). Hiis test. Rob. de Neuham, Rob. de Hindeleie, Will, fratre ejus, Patricio 
vicario de Biwelle, Dno Willo de Percenei decano, Steph. \icario de Thinem,' Jordano capell, de Novo 
Castro, Alano vicario de Ovingham, Hugone vicario de Welpingtun, Serlone de Herle et multis aliis. 
(.Same seal as to note i, page 183.) 

- Ibid. Nos. 6966 a, 6966 b. To each of these deeds the seal of the hospital, in a very 
imperfect state, is appended. It is pointed oval, 2 inches by ij inches, and has a seated figure of the 
Blessed Virgin, crowned, with Our Lord on her knees. The legend is effaced. 

' C^uy Darrayns granted to (^alfred vitraiius two acres of a new assart at Holnihurst. Seal oval, 
I Clinches by I ;; inches. Antique gem : male bearded and filleted head >J< SIGILL WIDONIS de .areines. 
Did: Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 5537. 

' [No date.] John de Balliol grants to William Wibern' and his heirs a rent of iocs, yearly, to be 
received at Whitsuntide and Martininas from a farm which Guy of Arraynes and his heirs rented of him 
in the Newland near Detwcnt, for service of a twelfth part of a knight's fee, Newlands deeds, No. i, 
Greenwich Hospital Papers. 

'- Inq. p.m. Johannis de Balliolo, 53 Hen. IIL No. 43. 


viz.: Elias, son of Gilbert, who held i6 acres and paid 8d. a vear; John de 
Brus, who held 6 acres and paid 6d. ; and Gilbert Fabian, who held i acre 
and paid id. at Christinas ; and there were four farmers, William the grieve, 
Henry the baker, Elyas the chaplain, and John de Brus, who held together 
66| acres by deed at the yearly rent of 32s. 4d. The brewhouse produced 
iBs. Seven bondmen held 24 acres each and paid los. apiece; William 
Wygot and widow Tyew held 70 acres and paid 22s. ; eleven cottars held 
41^ acres and paid 21s. 5d. The sum of the vill was ^11 12s. gd., and, like 
Newlands, it had been granted for a term of ten years by Roger Darrayns to 
John de Baliol.' In an inquisition taken three years later, it is stated that 
Roger Darrayns held Whittonstall and Newlands by the service of half a 
knight's fee, doing suit of court at Bywell.^ 

One of these early tenants in Whittonstall, a certain William de Morpath, 
in 1225, being about to set out for the Holy Land with his wife and sons in 
fulfilment of a vow, leased, on payment of 20s., his toft and croft, with 20 
acres in the fields of Qvictonestal, to his father-in-law, Fabian of Qvictonestal, 
or his assigns, in trust to hold until his return ; but if neither he, his wife, nor 
any of his sons should return within twelve years, the premises, with the 
appurtenances thereof, were to pass to his [William's] daughter, Ysabellis, 
who was meanwhile to be maintained by Fabian.^ The pilgrims apparently 
did not return, and tidings of their deaths must have reached his daughter 

' Inq.p.m. Johannis de Balliolo, 53 Hen. III. No. 43. 

" Inq.p.m. Agnes uxor. Hugonis de Balliolo, 55 Hen. III. No. 33. 

^ Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6926. Haec est conventio facta inter Willelmum de Morpathe et 
Fabianum de Qvictonestal patrem suiuii in lege, viz., quod praed. Wills concessit et dimisit praed. 
Fabiano vel cuicumque assignare voluerit xx. acras terrae in campis de Qvictonestal cum tofto et crofto. 
Tenendas et habendas libere et quiete a festo S. Martini hyemalis usque in duodecim annos sequentes 
pro XX. sol. quos sibi dedit, ob adimplendum uotum suum et uxoris suae in Terram Sanctam, pro omn. 
serviciis, salvo forinseco serv. quantum pertinet ad tantam terram in villa de Qvictonestal et salvo hoc 
quod praed. Fabianus custodiet praedicto Willo quandam filiam suam a praed. festo S. Martini usque ad 
reditum suum, et si eum ante finem vel ad finem xij annorum redire non contigerit cum uxore sua et 
pueris suis quos sumet secum in itinere suo, ipsa praed. filia nomine Isabellis post finem xij annorum 
accipiet omnes fructus terrae praed. usque ad reditum patris sui vel matris suae vel puerorum qui recedent 
cum patre suo vel matre sua ; et ut ista conventio firma et stabilis et inconcussa et sine dolo per xij annos 
permaneat factum est inter illos cyrographum bipartitum. (Clause of seals mutually appended.) Actum 
anno Incarnationis Domini, m'.cc'' vicesimo v'". Hiis test. Willo de Hyndeley, Alano de Thesedale, 
Ada Dreng, Rob. fil. Fabiani, Ranulfo de Fairhil, Gilberto fratre suo, Ricardo de Corwelle et multis aliis. 
(Seal wanting.) 

Ibid. No. 6926.* . . . Ego Fabianus . . . confirmavi Willelmo de Morphache cum Agneta filia mea in 
liberum maritagium et heredibus ex ipso Willo et Agneta progressis terciam partem tocius terrae meae quam 
teneo in villa de Cuictunstal, scil., illas xx. acras terrae quas Domina Hawys aliquamdiu tenuit in villa de 
Cuictunstal. Habendam . . . Reddendo annuatim mihi et hered. meis j libram cymini ad festum 
S. Cuthberti in Septembri et faciendo forinsecum serv. quantum pertinet ad tant. terram in eadem villa 
de Cuictunstal. Test. hiis. Willo de Hindelay, Roberto de Maynewelle, Ranulfo de Fayrhil, Gileberto 
fratre ejus, Alano de Tesedale, Helia de Stocefehlt, Millone de Cuictunstal, Gileberto de Heley, Alano 
de Milneburne et pluribus aliis. (Seal wanting.) 

Vol. VI. 24 


Sibilla before 1245- 1246, when, for three marks of silver given to her by 
Guide de Arenis in her great need, she released to him her rights m her 
father's lands by the return of a writ de inortc antecessorts, before the king's 
justiciar, Sir Roger de Thurkilleby, at Newcastle, 30 Hen. III.' 

The transactions by which Whittonstall and Newlands were transferred 
from the family of Darrayns to that of Menevill were spread over a series of 
years. In 1288 Guy Darrayns quit-claimed to Adam de Menevill all right 
in a rent of 10 marcs arising out of Whittonstall." On Wednesday after 
Nov. 20th, 1292, Guy Darrayns, lord of Whittonstall, conveyed to Master 
Roger de Hecham of Newcastle two parts of the manor, certain lands, 
more specifically described in the deed, his court of the vill of Whittonstall 
and of Newlands, with all its appurtenances, the coal mines, etc., in return 
for which there was to be paid for fourteen years one silver obolus at 
Christmas, and after the termination of the said term of fourteen years, 
twenty marcs of silver by two yearly payments. Sir Robert de Mayneuille, 
knight, Simon de Dissington, Richard Tyson, John de Normanuille, John 
de Mayneuille, Gilbert de Fayrhill, Adam de Eltringham, and others, were 
witnesses to the charter.' By a deed made at Whittonstall, on Tuesday, 
January 4th, 1295, in the presence of Sir John Swyneburne and Sir William 
de Haltone, knights, Robert de Boteland, Richard Tyson, William de 
Tyndale, William de Biwelle, clerk, and others, Guy Darryns conveyed 
certain lands and houses held by Roger the grieve, and others, to John de 

' Dur. Tn-as. Misc. Chart. No. 6926.! .... Sibilla filia quondam Willi de Morpath .... quietum 
clamasse .... Guidoni de Arenis et her. suis totum jus et clamium quod habui .... in xx. acris terrae 
cum pert, in Quictunstall, quas petii versus praed. Guidonem per breve Dni Regis de morte antecessoris 
coram Dno Rogero de Thurkilleby et sociis suis justic. Dni Regis apud Novum Castrum super Tynam 
itinerant. a° regni Reg. Henr. fil. regis Johis xxx. pro iij marcis argenti quas praed. Guido mihi 

dedit in mea magna necessitate Test. Willo Heyrun, tunc vicecom. Norhumbriae, Hugone de 

Bolebec, Eustac. de laual, Henr. de laual, Willo de Wybir', Rob de Cressewelle, Ada Barat, Willo 
de Mesnilhermer, Nicholao de Frankeville, Henr. de B'netone, Nicholao de Whitcestre, Willo de 
Salecok et aliis. Round seal of green wax, ij inches diameter. Fkur-de-lys. ^ S' SYBILLE FIL 


- Ibid. No. 6915. ' Ibid. No. 6914 b. ' Ibid. No. 6909. 




The seals attached to the Darrayns charter, preserved in the Treasury at Durham, bear an orle, upon wliich are six 
small objects which resemble, but are not, escallop shells. Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6595. 

Bernard de Arenis had from Hugh de Baliol = [Isabella, daughter of Alden de Hindley ; she 
a grant of the manor of Whittonstall (a). I re-married Sir William de Hindley (i/).] 

Guy Darrayns, son and heir, in 1240 held Whittonstall, Callerton Darrayns, 
and East Heddon (/(); founded a chantry in the church of Bywell St. 
Peter ; and died before 1268 (c). 

Roger Darrayns, son and heir ; party to 
an agreement with Alexander de Baliol 
in 1272 (e) ; held lands (.at Callerton) 
of the manor of Mitford in 1275 (.?) \ 
died before 1286 (/),aged 30 years {/). 

Hawys (x). 

Milo de Whittonstall, 
alias Milo Darenes. 

Isolda, liv. at 
29th Nov., 
1300 (/4). 

Josceline Darrayns, 
to whom Sibiila 
de Hindley gave 
lands at Hindley 

Ysabela, mar. 
William, son 
of William the 
Hunter of Me- 
domsley (;). 

Hugh Darrayns of Hind- 
ley, whose lands 
descended to Guy 
Darrayns 'jure heredi- 
tario ' ; liv. 1292 (ro). 

Guy Darrayns, son and heir, was 3 years of age at his father's death, and 
became ward of Eleanor de Genovre, wife of Alexander de Baliol (/) ; 
granted lands at Whittonstall, 4th January, 1295/6, to John de 
Vaux (X). 

Milo, a witness to a grant 
from Robert, son of Fabian 
de Whittonstall; brother of Ydo 
de Areines (/). 

. . . ^ Sir Robert Darrayns, knight, of = 2nd, Aline . . . mar. 

Callerton Darrayns, Whitton- 
stall and Newlands ; sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1334-1339 
(/«) ; died, indebted to the 
Crown, 3rd Dec. 1344; Itiq. 
/.»!. 19 Edw. 1 1 1 . No. 53 (y) (i). 

Robert Darrayns, son 
and heir, was 9 
years of age at the 
time of his father's 
inquisition ; died 
s.p. («)■ 


at Ponteland, 
Wednesd'y, 29th 
June, 1344; had 
assignment of 
dower, August 
loth of same 

William Dar- 
rayns, party 
and 1357 («), 


Matilda, daughter and 
heiress of Gwychard and 
Isabella de Hebburn of 
mar. after 19th March, 
1350, and before 2nd 
April, 1353 («)• 

Isabella, sister and heiress(i(), mar. William de Kellawe 
of Great Lumley ; living a widow at Midsummer, 
1366, when she released her rights in Whittonstall 
to William de Menevile (->), and, in 136S, when 
Roger de Widdrington granted her an annual rent 
of los. out of Ellington, which had once belonged 
to her father {I). 

William, son of Matilda 
Darrayns (;■). 

Isolda, daughter 
of Guy Dar- 
rayns, in 1345 
granted lands 
at Newton to 
William de 
Charlton (p). 

Isabella (/). 

Christian, married Awkland (;•). 



(a) P. R. O. Greeniokh Hospital Documents, box 20, 
bundle 'O,' No. 16. 
Testa de Nevill, pp. 382, 383, 385. 
Inq.p.m. Johanna de Balliol, 53 Hen. 111., No. 43. 
(rf) In a grant made by Fabian de Ouictunstal before 
1225 of 25 acres of land, they are said to be 
those which Domina Hawys once held ; Dur. 
Tieas. Misc. Chart. No. 6926'*. 
Inq. p.m. Adam de Menevill, 35 Edw. 1. No. 125. 
(/) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 5494. 
\gS Ihid. Misc. Chart. No. 6928. 
Ch) Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6924. 
(!) ////(/. I'""" 5'"°, Elemos. No. 3. 
(y) Cakndarium Genealogicutn^ p. 744. 
(X-) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6914.* 
(/) Jbid. No. 6927*. ' Hiis testibus. Domino Willelnui 
de Hinder, Ydone de Araines, Milone fratre ejus.' 
(»i) P.R.O. Lists and Indexes, No. ix. 
(«) Cf. vol. ii. of this work, pp. 88, 89. 
(0) Cf. vol. v. of this work, p. 255. 
(/) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 255. 

(y) Robert, William and Symon Darrayns are men- 
tioned in a list of men-at-arms, 7th July, 1323. 
Hodgson-Hind, Northumlierland, p. 303. 

(y) Brit. Mus. Harl. AI.SS. 11 53, fol. 52, and 1448, fol. 13. 

(j) Cf. Northumlierland Assize Rolls, 18-22 Edw. III. 
Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, pp. 386, 
423, and 436. 

(0 Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 5161. 

(h) Cf. Northumberland .Assize Rolls, 28-32 Edw. 111. 
Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 493. 

(v) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6920. Ydo de Arenes 
grants, ' nomine dotis,' to his mother Isabella and 
Sir William de Hindeley 20?. out of Hidewin, and 
half a marc out of Unthanz for the life of Isabella. 

(w) Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6922. yuit-clairafrom Guydo 
Darayns to Adam de Menevile of all right in lands 
which once belonged to Hugo Darayns in Hinde- 
ley which descended to Guy 'jurehereditario.' Ibid. 
No. 6931 ; Hugo de Arrayns grants to Adam 
de Meneville a messuage and 6 acres of land in 
the vill of Hindley. At Hyndeley .^.D. 1292/3. 
















1 1 











































Suiniiia bononini Joliannis filii Cliiistianae 
Nicholai inolenclinarii 
Gilbcrti filii praeposili 

Johannis filii Jordani 

Robert! Mayre 

Rogeri de Hcctham {sic) 

Patricii de Bywell 

Willclmi filii Julianae... 
Ricardi Hyiing 

Roberti de Craucrok 

Waldevi de Quikunstal 
Eliae filii Ranulphi ... 
Suninia totalis hujus villae, £\Z lys. jAd. Unde domino leyi, 34s. 6id. 

By a deed executed at Felton, on the 28th of December, 1298, Adam 
de Menevill obtained a release from Guy Darrayns of all claims on ten 

marks a year, rent which he had 
agreed to pay for lands, etc., in 
Whittonstall,' and a similar release 
was given at Corbridge, on Decem- 
ber 6th, 1299, for all the money 
Adam was owing for lands in 
Quyctunstal and Neulond.^ By 
an undated deed made before Sir 
Robert de Balliol, knight, sheriff 
of Northumberland, and other 
witnesses, Guy Darrayns conveyed 
his lands and coal mines in Whitton- 
stall, together with the reversion 
of the lands there held in dower 
by his mother Isolda, to John de 
Vallibus,^ who by a quit-claim dated 
at Leysingby, on June 9th, 1299, 
obtained from Isolda, widow of Roger de Areyns, her dower lands at a 
payment of 40s. a year for her life, with a covenant to satisfy her for ward 

' DuY. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 6915. 

■' Ibid. No. 6595. Seal round, one inch m diameter. OrU charged with si.K indeterminate 
bearings : =■= SIGILLVM : gei : darenis. An enlarged reproduction is given in the te.\t. 

'Ibid. No. 6918. 


and relief if any of the free tenants should die.^ By a deed made at Caller- 
ton,^ on November 29th, 1300, Isolda quit-claimed to John de Vallibus the 
said rent of 40s. and released the lands from all claim/ her son Guy, by 
a deed made at the same place on the same day, confirming the release.* 

All of these conveyances seem to have been by way of mortgage, 
for when Robert Darrayns of Callerton died, on the 3rd of December 
1344, in debt to the Crown to the amount of £12'] i8s. 5d., incurred 
when he was sheriff,' his lands were seised to the king's use by Robert 
Bertram, the escheator, and his newly married second wife had some 
difficulty in obtaining possession of her thirds. Several inquisitions were 
held, which show that Robert Darrayns, at the time of his death, held a 
capital messuage, a dovecot and demesne lands, with certain messuages 
and rents in Whittonstall, held of the manor of Bywell by homage and 
suit of court every third week, and the payment of 3s. 4d. to the castle 
ward of Newcastle. In Newlands he held a free rent of 8d. payable 
by John de Newland, a water mill, 13 husbandlands, and 4 cottages, 
all held of the manor of Bywell, rendering yearly 5^ marks, besides 
a rent charge payable to [illegible] of ^5." 

' Vtid. No. 6923. . . . Esolda de Areyns relicta Rogeri de Areyns . . . quietum clamasse Johi 
de Vallibus et hered. suis .... omnes illas terras cum onin. suis pert, quas habeo in villa de Qiiictonstall 
cum serviciis liberorum, quas quidem terras et quae scrv. [lijabeo in praed. villa nomine dotis. Hab. et 
tenend. . . . reddendo inde niihi in tota vita mea xl. sol. pro omn. demandis. Et si ita contingit quod 
aliquis lib. tenencium me vivente in fata decedat, tunc volo quod praed. Johannes de warda et relevio mihi 
satisfaciat, si ita sit quod uardam vel relevium debeo habere secundum quantitatem wardae et relevii. In 

cujus rei test Hiis test. Dno. Johe de Swyneburne milite, Johe de Haltone, Robt. de Reymes, Robt. 

de Botelaund, Ric. Turpyn, Petro de Elande, et aliis. Dat. apud Leysingby die martis prox. post fest. 
Pent, anno Dni. mcc. nonogesimo nono. (.Seal wanting.) About one-half of a seal is left to another 
deed of Isolda de Arayns (Misc. Chart. No. 6925). It is pointed oval, ij inches by i inch. A female 
figure standing, having upon her extended left arm a falcon, while a dog leaps up towards her. Above 
the falcon is a crescent moon and a star. SIGILLVM : . . . . 

Another almost similar deed. Witnesses Wydo de Aireynis my son, John de Hedewyne, Robert de 
Couyngtre, Peter de Eland, Wald' de Qyttonstalle, and others. Dated at Caluerdoun, vigil of S. Andrew, 
29 Edw. I. (November 29th, 1300). 

- Callerton Darrayns — now Darras-hall. ^ Dnr. Tveas. Misc. Chart. No. 6923, No. 6924. 

' Ibid. No. 6919. Ysolda de Harayns, and Gydo de Harayns, her son, by a deed made in 1299, 
granted to Roger de Hecham a rent of 30s., arising out of Whittonstal. Duv. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6594. 

'' \ nostre seignur le Roi et a soun conseil monstre Robert le fitz Robert Darreyns nadgers viscount 
de Northumber' qe com toutz les terres et tenements qe furent au dit Robert son pier furent seisez en la 
mayn nostre dit seignur le Roi par le viscount en dit Counte pur certeynge dette d.\illci;ibk'\ au Roi en 
la vie le dit Robert le pier apres qi niort certeingez gentz sount abattyz sur la possessioun le Roi et les 
vns enpledent altres par asset des ditz terres et rentes issuant des meismes les tenementz en prejudice du 
dit nostre seignur le Roi et desheritaunce du dit Robert fitz Robert qi vncore est dencz age. Par qe 
pleise a nostre dit seignur le Roi ensi ordiner qe lestat nostre dit seignur le Roi celle partie lui seit sauue 
et lenfaunt sauue sauncz desheriteson. [Endorsed. 'Nichil fiat.'] P.R.O. Ancient Petitions, No. S235. 

'• Inq. pm. Robert Darrayns: 19 Edw. III. first numbers, No. 53. Writs dated 12th July, 1344; 
14th July, 1344 ; 19th May, 1345 ; 4th August, 1345 ; loth March, 1345/6. Inquisitions taken [illegible] 
1345 ; 12th August, 1345 ; 2Sth July, 1344. Assignment of Dower, iSth August, 1344. 


It seems probable that John de Vans was a kinsman of the Menevills. 
By an undated deed in the possession of the Greenwich Hospital Commis- 
sioners, John de Vallibus, ' lord of Bewfront,' grants his lands at Whittonstall 
to Adam de Menevyle to hold at the yearly rent of ;^9 i6s. In case Adam 
died without children the lands were to remain to John de Meneuyle, his 
brother, and his heirs, with remainder successively to Matilda, sister of 
Adam and John, and her heirs, to Isabel, his sister, and her heirs, with the 
ultimate remainder to the heirs of John de Vallibus himself.' 

About the year 1307 Adam de Menevill obtained a grant of free warren 
in Whittonstall^ and at the same time there was a suit respecting the iron 
mines of Whittonstall and Newlands between him and John of Brittany, then 
lord of the barony of Bywell,^ whose bailiffs had, without Adam's licence, 
been digging for ore. A commission was issued on the 27th of March, 1307, 
to John de Vallibus and Robert de Barton to hold an enquiry, and accord- 
ingly an inquisition was taken at Corbridge on the 19th of May following. 
It was found that ' John de Balliolo, father of Hugh, x\lexander, and of 
John de Balliolo,' then living, had granted to Guy Darreins all his lands and 
tenements in Whittonstal and the Neuland by boundaries mentioned in the 
charter; that after Guy Darrayns's death his son Roger leased the said land 
and all things thereto belonging to the said Alexander de Baliol for a term 
of twelve years. Roger died, leaving his son Guy, only three years of age, 
whose wardship was given by the said Alexander de Baliol, to his wife 
Alianor de Genoure. The inquiry seems to show that no reservation of the 
mines had been made to the lord of Bywell.^ 

By a deed, dated at York, Nov. 13th, 1318, which Adam de Menevill 
had from John de Stutevill, the latter quit-claimed lands and tenements 
in Bywell and Stokesfield, and the pools (stagnis) and fisheries in the water 

' Whittonstall deeds ; Grecnu-kh Hospital Papers, No. 5. A charter to the same purport in the 
Treasury at Durham (Misc. Chart. No. 6945) gives the reserved rent at ^10. 

- Cal. Rot. Chart. 35 Edward I. No. 64. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 394. 

' The boundaries of Adam de Menevill's lands are set out in the following document : — 
\\x per ambulacyon fait per enter monsire Johan Nevel seniore de Bywell, et monsire Adam 
Menavell seniore de Wyttonstall, et monsire Johan Derres, enter lez teres de Bywell, Whyttonstall et 
Newlandes. En primis a commensere all mydstreme de Derwent ove lez boundes de Northumbrie et 
lez boundes de Busschoppriche et Whyttonstall departere all pee de Huntborne et illouqes assendere all 
Elldyne myres iesquis all' Apperly parksyde, et issynt all' Skytterlyn hede et illouqes iesquis all' Tute 
thorn de Careborne hede iesquis all' bounder de le neyff Folldys dele Faile evyll sur Farle, et illouqes 
iesquis all Gray mere. En Bakworth leche et illouqes per une seme foss iesquis all' Vnthankfelde syde 
et illouqes iesquis all Dede-man lech, et issint per le mydes dell more borne iesquis all Derwent ow yll. 
commensere devante dyte. Greenwich Hospital Documents, Whittonstall, box 20, bundle 'O,' No. 12. 
' Inq. p.m. Adam de Menevill, 35 Edw. I. No. 125. Cf. Culendarium Gencalogicum, p. 743. 


of Tyne ;^ and, in 1310, he obtained a charter of confirmation from John 
de Corbrigge of lands in the same place given him by John de Ullesby.^ 
By a deed made in London on the 5th of May, 1316, Robert, son of 
Walter le Glaswriste del Neweland, grants all his lands in le Newelande 
to John, son of Adam de Menevill.'' In 1331 Adam's son, John de 
Menevill, granted a lease of the pool (estaunk) and fishery of Bywell to 
Adam Uncouth of Ovyntone/ By a deed made at Whittonstall on the 
3rd of October, 1325, William de Silkesworthe conveyed the manor' of 
Wittonstal and Neweland, with the land of Fairhill, to John, son of Adam 
de Meneuille, and Agnes his wife. If Agnes outlived John she was to 
pay 40s. yearly to John's heirs ; if she married again she was to pay ^^. 
Power was given to distrain for the payment, and in case, through the 
default of Agnes or her husband, the land was uncultivated or made waste 
power was given to enter and possess.^ 

Whittonstall Subsidy Roll, 1336. 
Hugo Fabyan, 4s. ; Robertus Saddyng, 5s. ; Robertus del Hagg, 2s. 3d. Summa, iis. 3d. 

On the 6th of June, 1336, a commission was appointed pursuant to an 
ordinance made in the last Parliament to arrest Richard Scot, John de 
Galeway, John de Houghton, Thomas de Galeway, Thomas Haukyn, Robert 
Hert, Hugh son of Geoffrey Rabas, Adam de Holynsyde, and Robert de 
Felton, ' chaundaler,' who had murdered John Lubbald and Roger Lubbald 
at the West Spitalcroft ' in the barony of Bywell,' and were suspected of 
other felonies.*' 

John de Menevill in 1341 acquired Horden in the county of Durham,' 
and apparentlv made that place his chief residence. He was party to the 

' Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 254. To the deed a pretty Httle seal is attached. It is round, J inch 
in diameter. Within a cuspcd quatrefoil with leaf, sprays in the cuspings, is placed a shield bearing 
barry offijteen, over all a lion rampant, s' IED.\N DE STOVTEVile. 

2 Ibid. No. 245. > Ibid. No. 696. ■■ Ibid. No. 248. 

'' Ibid. No. 6597. To this deed the seal is attached. On a shield a lion rampant, standing on the 
shield, an eagle displayed. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 10 Edward III. pt. i. memb. 2. Cf. Ibid. 10 Edward III. pt. i. memb. 4 ; and 10 
Edward III. pt. ii. memb. 16. 

' In 1340 Sir Thomas Holland gave power of attorney to give seisin to Ralph de Neville of two 
parts of the manor of Horden {Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6263) ; and in the same year Ralph de 
Nevill, lord of Raby, granted the manor of Horden to John, son of Adam de Menvill (Ibid. Misc. Chart. 
No. 6264). In 1341 John de Menevill and his wife Agnes had a grant from Robert, son of Robert de 
Holland, of a third part of the manor of Horden {Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6265). In 1354, Robert de 
Holland having granted two parts of the manor of Horden to his brother, Sir Thomas de Holland, for 
his life, and Thomas having granted the same to John, son of Adam de Menevill and Agnes, his wife, 
who have in turn granted the same to their son, William de Menevill, Robert de Holland quitclaims the 
same to William de Menevill {Ibid. Misc. Chart. No. 6272). 



settlement made, June nth, 1356, upon tlie marriage of John, son of Adam 
da Vans, witli I^arnaha, daughter of Roger de Widdrington.' Some indefinite 
interest in Whittonstall was retained by the Vaux family as late as 1385, 
when a commission was issued on the 21st of August, by Richard II., to 
enquire into a complaint made by Thomas Menevill that John Vans, Alan 
Vans, and other men of Hexhamshire had raided his lands at Whittonstall 
and Fairhill, had carried off 30 horses, 20 heifers, 100 oxen, 100 cows, and 
other goods, had beaten and wounded his men and servants and had done 
damage to the enormous amount of ^^f 1,000.'' 

' Dnr. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6947. Also Egcrton Charters, IJrit. Miis. No. 539. Cf. vol. iv. p. 201. 
= Dnr. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6964, No. 6965. CJ. Pat. Rolls, 8 Richard II. pt. i. memb. 8. 


Arms : A cross engrailed. 

Robert de Menevill, as a holder of 20 librates of land, = ... [? sister of 
22nd Sept., 1278, gave security to t.ike upon him the order | Ivobert de 
of knighthood (.4) ; as Sir Robert de Maynevill, knight, j Wyberis].* 
was witness to a Whittonstall charter, 26th Nov., 1292. 

Adam de Menevill (a), in 1286 : 
nephew and heir of Robert 
de Wybur' (;•); i\t:Acirca 1306; 
Itiq. p.m. 35 Edw. [. No. 
125 (/). 

John de Menevyle = 
of Milburn(a) (c). 

I I 

Matilda (a). 
Isabella (a). 

John de Menevill of Milburn, living 26th 
March, 1325 (<:). 

John de Menevill (/5) ; 
in 1343 had a release 
of Horden, co. Dur- 
ham («■). 

Agnes, dau. of William de SilkevvortheCy) ; mar. on 
or before 3rd Oct., 1325 (Ji) ; party to deed in 
'343 O^) ; living a widow in 1 361, in possession 
of Thornley (m) (0). 

Dyonisia,liv. = Sir William de Mene- = 

1366 (-/) 
buried at 

vill, knight, lord of 
Horden, purchased 
St. Mary's Hospital 
lands at Whittonstall, 
9th July, 1368 (^); 
died circa 1372 ; Inq. 
p.m. 28, Hatfield 
(1372) {m); will dated 
20th Jan., 1371 ; to be 
bur. at Easington («). 

Isabella, daughter 
of Sir Marma- 
dukede Lumley ; 
she re -married 
Sir William Ful- 
thorp, knight (/), 
before 1st Oct., 
1397 ; Inq. p.m. 
12 Skirlaw (1399- 
1400) (0- 

I I 
John de 

liv. 17th 

1.333 (w). 
de Mene- 
vill, liv. 
loth Oct. 

Thomas de Menvill, of = Alice liv. 

Apperley in 1366 
(w), upon whom his 
brother entailed lands 
in Hawthorn in 1354, 
and who had a lease of 
Whittonstall and New- 
lands in 1372 (?) ; 
named in his brother's 
will (;;) ; liv. 9th Oct., 

1397 W- 

1410, in pos- 
session of her 
dower ; Isa- 
bella, widow 
of SirWilliam 
Cla.xton, was 
her heir (^). 

1st, William de Laton, lord = Isabella, daughter and sole heiress, was 18 years of age in 1372, = 2nd, Sir William 
of Laton, CO. Pal., mar. ' had letters of fraternity from the prior and convent of Durham, ! de Claxton, 

before Aug., 1372 (w) (i). ' ■ - ■ ■ ' ■ 

I2th August, 1416 (»;) ; died 2nd February, 1421 {m). 

knight (s). 

* In a deed, dated 1286, Robert de Wyberis grants to Adam, son of Sir Robert de Menevill, his nephew, a rent in 
Newlands. Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 5492. 

(a) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6,945 ; ('') It>>d. No. 6,597 ; (c) Ibid. No. 6,934 ; {d) Ii,d. Nos. 6,939, 6,961 ; 
(<•) I/'id. No. 6,941; (/) Uid. No. 6,949; (^) I/iid. No. 6,966; (/O ///;(/. 6,967; {2) Hid. No. 6,266; (X) Palgrave, 
Parliamentary Writs ; Hodgson-Hind, Northumherland, p. 296; (/) Cakiidarmm Geiiealogicum, p. 743; («;) Surtees 
Durham, vol. i. p. 30 ; («) Durham Wills and Inventories, Raine, p. 32 ; (0) Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 274 ; (/) Ibtd. 
vol. ii. p. 162 ; (y) Ibid. vol. i. p. 306; (;•) Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6492 ; (s) Surtees Durham, vol. i. p. 28. 



By a deed made at Whittonstall, November 31st, 1344, William de 
Meneville manumitted William Darraunt whom, with his offspring, goods, 
chattels, etc., Roger, lord of Eltrincham, had conveyed to him.^ 

William de Menevill left an only daughter, Isabella, lady of Whittonstall 
and Horden, who became wife, first of William de Laton, and secondly of 
Sir William Claxton, knight ; by the first marriage she had issue a daughter, 
and was succeeded by the eldest son of her second marriage, who bore 
his father's name of William. 


Akms : Gules, a fess behueen I hedgehogs argent. Crest: 

Out of a ducal coronet or, a hedgehog. 

St. George's Visitation of Durham, 1615. 

Joan , living at 

Epiphany, I369(ff), 
1st wife. 

Sir William Cla.xton, : 
knight, lord of Cla.x- 
ton (rt) ; will dated 
1380 («)■ 

Isabella, widow of William de Laton, and daughter and heir of William 
de Menevill (n), living a widow 14th January, 1387 (//) ; had letters of 
fraternity from the prior and convent of Durham, I2ih August, 1416 ; 
died 2nd February, 142 1 (a). 

Sir William Claxton, knight, heir to his mother's estates = Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Ralph Eure, John Claxton 

at Horden, Haswell, Hawthorn and Pespool, all in CO. knight, living a widow 29th May, g of Hulam, 

Pal.; aged 4oin 1421 ; diedi43o; will pr. jisl .May, Hen. VI. (a), towhora Isabella Claxton co.Pal.(_a), 

1430 {a) ; had seisin of the manor of \Vhittonstall, gave a reversionary interest in Fair- etc., etc. 

and landsat Fayrhill, 2nd May, 1413 (c). ; hill and Whittonstall (^). ^ 


Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir William 
Hilton of Hilton, 
baron of the 
bishopric («). 

' Sir Robert Claxton, knt. 
of Horden, Claxton, 
and Dilston {a) ; died 
1484 ; Inq. p.m. 4th 
October, 1491 (n). 

Anne, daughter of Wm. 
Stapleton, living his 
wife 1st May, 13 Hen. 
V(. and 1479 (rt). 

Ml II 

John Claxton, second son, to whom Elizabeth, 

his father gave lands in Holome (a). liv. I430 

Richard Claxton, third son, a priest, (a). 

living 1430 (a). Joan, liv. 

Thomas Claxton, youngest son (a). 1430 (a). 

Margaret, daughter 
and co-heir, mar- 
ried Sir William 
Elmeden, knight; 
was 50 years of 
age 4th October, 
1484 (a). 

Jane, daughter and co-heir, mar- 
John Cartington of Cartington ; 
was 40 years of age 4th 
October, 1484 ; living a widow 
20th February, 1522 (a) ; in 
1 5 19 'lady of Whittonstall and 
Newlands' (c) ; articles before 
marriage, 19th Dec, 1457 (c). 

Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir, mar. 
Richard Conyers, second son of Sir 
John Conyers of Hornby, co. Ebor.; 
articles before marriage, loth Nov. 
1464 (a) ; she re-married Robert 
Pilkington ; was 30 years of age 
4th October, 1484 (n). 

Felice, daughter and co- 
heir, married Sir 
Ralph Widdrington of 
Widdrington, knight; 
26 years of age 
October, 1484 



(a) Surtees' Durham., vol. i. pt. ii. pp. 28, 30, 31. 
(c) Whittonstall Deeds, 

(Ji) Whittonstall Charters in Durham Treasury. 
Greenwich Hospital Papers. 

At Sir Robert Claxton's death, about 1484, his large possessions in the 
county of Durham were divided amongst three of his four daughters, viz. : 
Margaret, wife of Sir William Elmeden ; Elizabeth, wife of Richard Conyers ; 
and Felice, wife of Sir Ralph Widdrington. Whittonstall, Newlands and 

' Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 659S. The witnesses are John de Binley, John de \'aus, Adam 
Bromley, Thomas son of Adam. 

Vol. VI. 



Dilston were given to his second daughter, Jane, wife of John Cartington 
of Cartington, by a settlement dated 19th December, 1457, made on her 
marriage. She was living, a widow, in 1522, and at her deatli Wlhtlonstall 
and Newlands passed to her grandson, Cuthbert Radcliffe of Dilston. 

Whitonstai.i. Muster Roll, 1538. 

John Ayden, Robert Ayclen, Rauff Burk, Wyllm Thomson, Robert Wylkinson, John Cowper, 
Rychard Suyrtes, John Surtcs, Robert Selby, John Elyson, John Selby, Andro Barkus, Rauff Barker, 
Peter Ejjilstan, Georg Ranaldson, Robert Alanson, Rychard Brown, Rauf Cowper, WyUm Cowper, 
Raufe Buytflore, Christofer Smethe, Thomas Erryington, Rauff Surtes ; able with horse and harnes. 
John Barkus, Necholas Tomson, Georg Wylkynson, John Slaytor, Thomas Farbeyk, Robert Brown, 
Thomas Bertson, John Suyrts, Rauff Selbye, Georg Elyson, Rauff Smythe, George Belly, Thomas 
Belly, Rychard Belly, John Barker, Rychard Wylly, Rog. Belly ; naither with hors nor harnes.' 

In a survey made in 1570 it is stated that Sir George Ratclyf, knight, 
holds his manor of Newlandes with all lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, 
pastures, and other hereditaments to the said manor belonging, freely, by 
charter, and pays yearly 73s. 4d.; he holds the manor of Whyttonstall by 
a similar tenure but paying yearly one pound of pepper only.^ At the 
muster of the Middle Marches, taken on the Moot-law on March 26th, 
1580, eight of Sir George Ratcliffe's tenants at Whittonstall presented 
themselves.' Amongst the Whittonstall and Newlands tenants were bearers 
of the well-known names of Ridley, Selbv, and Surtees. 

1587, March. Administration of the goods of Richard Selby of Newlands, in the parish of 
Wliittonstall, granted to Eleanor Hopper, widow, sister of the defunct. Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

1 591, January 24th. Will of John Selbye of Newlands in the parish of Whittingstal, yeoman. 
To be buried in the church of Whittingstal. To Margaret, my wife, and Edward Selby, my son, my 
lease of my farmhold ; my sons John and Thomas Selby ; my daughters Elizabeth and Agnes Selby ; 
to Henrie Stevenson, my daughter's son. Raine, Test. Dundm. 

I597i June 5th. Inventory of the goods of Edward Selby, the elder of Newlands in the parish of 
Whittonstall. Ihid. 

1597, August 6th. Will of John Ridley of Whittingstawl, county Northumberland, gentleman. 
To Thomas Ridley, my half brother, five marks ; to my father ; to my brother, Francis Ridley ; my 
wife's sister, Francis Lasinbie ; to George Lasinbie, my father-in-law ; to Peter, Thomas and Robert 
Lasinbie, my brethren-in-la\v ; to my uncle, John Douthwaite, and his wife ; my child. Inventory dated 
December nth, 1597. Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

1604, November 8th. Administration of the personal estate of Alexander Ridley of the parish of 
Whittonstall, granted to Janet Ridley, the widow ; Thomas and Francis Ridley, the sons. Ibui. 

161 1, July 28th. Will of John Selbie of Newlands, in the parish of Whittingstall. To my son, 
Lancelot ; my daughters, Elizabeth, Jane, and Isable; my son, Cuthbert Selbie. Ibid. 

' Arch. Ac!. 410 series, vol. W. p. 174. - Hall and Honiberston's Survey. 

' C'll. Border Papers, Bain, \ol. i. p. 22. 


In a suit^ relating to the boundaries of the manor of Whittonstall heard 
in the court of Exchequer in 1620, Cuthbert Jopling of Newlands, yeoman, 
aged seventy-seven years, deposed that 

' The bounds of Whittonstall are as follows : — round Newlands and Fearle ; from the mid-stream of 
Darwyn, up Meere burn to the Sandy-ford, thence to Deadman letch to a black dike under Unthank 
edge, thence to a stone called the Grey-mare lying on the north of Shotley church, thence to 
Backworth letch, Tutes thorn. Carry-burn, Skilterlyn, Apperley-park-nook, Eldon Myres, down Hunter 
burn to Darwyn. '- 

And Cuthbert Surtees of Ebchester, aged eighty years, deposed that 

'The bounds of Whittonstall are from the mid-stream of Darwen westward up Meere burn to the 
Reedpeth, thence to the stone called Grey-mare,^ the black dike, down the bank to Backworth burn, up 
again to the Tute thorn called by some Watchhill, down to Carryburn head, still downward to Skitterinlyn, 
Apperley burn, Eldon Myres, Huntra burn, and so down again to Darwen.' 

A tenement in Newlands formerly belonging to the chantry of St. John 
the Baptist, in the church of Bywell, and lately held by John Dennyng on 
lease, and then by John Barker, was with other lands sold by the Crown to 
Benjamin Harris and Robert Morgan, to be held of the queen as of the 
manor of East Greenwich, by fealty in free and common socage.^ Sir 
Edward RadclifFe's estate having been sequestered bv his delinquency, he 
obtained the discharge of the manor of Whittonstall on the 26th of July, 
1653,' and of the manor of Newlands on the 21st of November following.'^ 
Ten years afterwards the proprietors in the chapelry of Whittonstall 
were Sir Edward Radcliffe, who was rated at ;^240 per annum ; Andrew 
Jobling of Newlands, who was rated at ^£'4 los. for the coal pits;' and 
Thomas Hopper, who was rated at ^4 for the mill.** 

Newlands Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665." 

Cuthbert Warde, Widdow Taylor, Cuthbert Selbey, John Selbey, Ralph Stephenson, Lance Selbey, 
William Cooper, Robert Forster, Joshua Hopper, each one chimney ; Peter Hopwood, Robert Atkinson, 
Cuthbert Taylor, John Browne, Henry Shorte, John Nicholson, John Selbey, Widdow Comings, John 
Hill, George Spruse, not payable. 

' Exchequer Depositions by Commission, 17 Jas. Mich. Term, No. 24. Edward Bee, esq., plaintiff, 
Francis Radcliffe, esq., defendant. Amongst the deponents were Thomas Woodmusse of Whin-house, 
yeoman, aged 78 years ; Thomas Readshaw of Birkenside, yeoman, aged 80 years ; William Surtees of 
Hedley-wood, yeoman, aged 76 years ; Henry Nicholson of Bywell, aged 80 years ; George Fewster of 
Sherbourne-house, county Durham, aged 72 years ; John Jopling of Ebchester, yeoman, aged 67 years ; 
Ralph Ellison of Newlands, yeoman, aged 77 years; and John Mallabar of Hexham, yeoman, aged 70 
years; the latter deposed that in 1575 he was steward of a court held at Whittonstall. Cf. ^8th Report of 
Dfpt. Keeper of Pub. Rec. p. 688. 

■ This boundary may be compared with that given on p. 178, where a thorn {spina) is mentioned. 

' Probably the ' Standandstan ' mentioned on p. 183. ' Pat. Rolls, 42 Eliz. pt. i5. 

* Cal. Com. for Comp. p. 2590. ° Royalist Composition Papers, series i. vol. 39, No. 683. 

' The issues of the colliery at Grey-mare in Newlands are accounted for in 1671 and 1681 in Sir E. 
Radcliffes Account Book. Cf. Arch. Ael. vol. i. new series, pp. 1 13, 129. 

° Book of Rates, 1663 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p 293. Subsidy Roll, {§5. 


There is preserved anionj^st the records of Quarter Sessions a curious 
account of a Newkmds family quarrel. On the evening of March 5th, 
1718/9, Robert Sureties of Newlands, yeoman, in the chapelry of 
Whittonstall, was going * to a neighbouring smith to gett some harrow 
teeth made, and a little way from his own house he mett with Thomas 
Sureties of Newlands, yeoman, and Elizabeth Fewster of Whittingstall, 
spinster. After some disagreeing discourse the said Thomas Sureties and 
Elizabeth Fewster ' fell ' upon Robert Sureties, ' Fewster locking her 
hands ' in his hair, Thomas Surtees brought him to the ground ' with a stroke 
with his foote,' and smote his shoulder 'soe that he was forced to gett a bone 
setter to putt it in againe.' Elizabeth Fewster also threatened the complainant 
that they would leave him ' neither ox nor horse before May day next.'' 

With the other RadclifFe estates, Whittonstall and Newlands were 
granted to the governors of Greenwich Hospital. In the survey of their 
northern estates, made in 1805,- it is stated that Whittonstall comprised 
Hoods-close, 224 acres; Lawson's farm, 201 acres; the Hall farm, 114 
acres ; Sproat's farm, 205 acres ; Highfield east and west farms, 333 acres ; 
Fairle hill, 278 acres ; and Grey-mare hill colliery, 21 acres. Newlands 
comprised the Park farm, 128 acres ; Town farm, 175 acres ; Haugh 
farm, 86 acres ; South farm, 204 acres ; the mill, 20 acres ; Morrowfield and 
Fell-close, 267 acres; besides which there were in the two townships 310 
acres of woodlands. All these farms were stated to be ancient enclosures, 
with right of common of pasture upon adjacent commons of considerable 
extent. Six years later an Act of Parliament was obtained for the enclosure 
of the common, which by admeasurement was found to comprise 1,364 acres.** 

' Extracts from the Records of Quarter Sessions in tlie library of the Soc. of Antiq. of Newcastle. 

- Report of Visitation of Greenwich Hospital Estates in 1S05. The manor of Whittonstall paid one pound of 
pepper, or2s.,to Mr. Fenuick of Bywell; Newlands manor, ^3 13s. 4d.; and Fairle, 9s., also to Mr. Fenwick. 

'51 George III. An Act for inclosing lands in the parish of Bywell St. Peter in the county of 
Northumberland (Royal Assent, April 4th, 181 ij. John Fryer was appointed sole commissioner for the 
purpose of carrying the Act into execution, and was ordered to make provision for certain public quarries 
and to allot the residue amongst the persons having' right of common of pasture, to allot one sixteenth 
part to the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners for their consent to the enclosure. The minerals were 
reserved to the lords of the manor. George Silvertop of Minsteracres, as lessee of the dean and chapter 
of Durham, claimed an allotment in respect of the glebe which, he stated, comprised the vicar's garth, 
the chapel yard, four days mowing in two parcels in the Upper Town field, four days mowing in one 
parcel in the Crooks and one cowgate in Newlands park. John Surtees of Biggin, in the county of 
Durham, claimed for his freehold estate at Kipperlin ; the Rev. Septimus Hodson and Frances, his wife, 
claimed in respect of a freehold cottage, called Fairle cottage, and an acre and a half of land adjacent. 
By his award dated May 7th, 1S19, the commissioner gave to the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners 50 
acres for their consent to the enclosure ; and in lieu of common of pasture for Newlands and Whittonstall, 
504 acres and 645 acres respectively ; to John Surtees, for Kipperlin, 44 acres ; and to the Rev. Septimus 
Hodson and Frances his wife, 24 acres. The commissioner also ga\e 28 acres to the dean and chapter 
of Durham in lieu of the old glebe, which was scattered in many parcels. 


Both townships were sold by the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners 
on 6th August, 1872, to Mr. Joseph Laycock of Low Gosforth, grandfather 
to Mr. Joseph Frederick Laycock, the present owner. The sum paid for 
the estate, including timber and minerals, was _^92,i64 los. 

The homestead of Fairley or Fairle, pronounced Fair-el, is situated on 
the west side of the township at an elevation of between six and seven 
hundred feet above sea-level. The holding, which constitutes a single farm 
of 325 acres, is subject to a special quit rent of 9s. a year to the lord of the 
barony of Bywell. 

The place seems to represent the carucate of land in Fayrhill which about 
1268 was held by Elyas de Fayrhill of John de Baliol by the service of 9s. 
and one pound of pepper. At the same period 24 acres of land at Mora, 
which has not been identified, wei^e held by Thomas de Mora, who for all 
services rendered 5s., the sum of Fayrhill and Mora being together 14s. 8d.^ 
About the same period Gamel de Mora and Margaret his wife quit-claimed 
to Ranulf de Fairhil all their rights in Bacwrze." In 1271 Thomas, son of 
Gamel, held the More house by charter, and for all services rendered 5s. a 
year.^ In the following year Elyas de Fayrhill and Thomas de Mora held 
the township of Fayrhill and paid 14s. 8d. a year.* In 1279 WilHam, the 
fisher of Caistron, was charged at the Northumberland assizes with having 
slain Gilbert de Fariley in the field of Fariley. It was stated that he had 
fled after committing the murder, but, being captured, was imprisoned in 
Newcastle jail by the sheriff", who had seized his goods (catella) which were 
valued at 3d.'' In 1322, John, son of Gilbert de Fairhill, granted le Est- 
ridinge, near the road to Hokesty, to Adam de Menuille," and seven years 
afterwards Adam de Menuille's son John had a bond from John Carter of 
Fairhill and others for ^^ 10.'' On the 3rd October, 1325, William de Silke- 
worth granted the lands of Fairhill to John de Menevill, and Agnes his wife.* 

In 1412 Sir Ralph de Eure acquired lands in Fairhill and Whittonstall 
from Dame Isabel Claxton, daughter and heiress of William Menevill." 
On the 2nd of May, 14 13, Ralph de Eure, esq., appointed Roger of 
Wardale, his attorney, to deliver seisin to William Claxton of the manor of 
Whittonstall and of all the lands of Fayrehill which he lately had by enfeoff"- 

' Inq. p.m. 53 Henry III. No. 43. '' Diir. Treas. Misc. Chait. No. 411. 

' Inq. p.m. 55 Henry III. No. 33. * Ihni. 

^ Northwnberland Assize Rolls, 7 Edward I. p. 322 ; Surt. Soc. No. 88. 

" Did: Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 5890. ' Ibid. No. 5891. ^ Ibid. No. 6597. " Ibid. Nos. 6967, 5892, 5893. 


ment of Ladv Isabel Claxton, and had again granted to the said William ;' 
the place continues to be mentioned in deeds and leases e.xecuted by the 
successive owners of Whittonstall. On the 28th of June, 1609, the messuage in 
Fade, then in the occupation of Jeffrey Fayrbricke, was demised by Francis 
Radclift'e, esq., to the said Jeffrey and his heirs for the lives of himself, his 
wife Elizabeth, and [his son] George Fayrbricke, at the yeaily rent of 
1 6s. 6d., suit of court, suit of mill, and the payment of 24 horse loads of 
coals ; and by leases dated the 14th of November, 16 10, and the 28th of 
March, 1612, Francis Ratcliffe, esq., demised other tenements in Farley, or 
Farle, to John Cowper and Ralph Greene respectively, on similar conditions.^ 

In the suit,^ already referred to, brought by Edward Bee against Francis 
Radcliffe in 1620, evidence was produced to prove that enclosures at 
Farlemay"* had been taken out of the common by warrant of the attainted 
earl of Westmorland, ' as it is commonly reported by the malice of John 
Swinburne deceased,' and that a similar enclosure at the same place had 
been made by the said Francis Radcliffe, but if the latter ' enclosed all the 
common he claims, the king's tenants [in the barony of Bywell and Bolbec] 
would have little or none.' A small close, called the New-close alias 
Farle-close, by Farlemay, containing about 3 acres, of the yearly rent of 
1 2d., was granted in 1629 to White, Stevenson and others.^ In 1682, Sir 
Francis Radcliffe in his account book entered a payment to Mr. Robert 
Fenwick of Bywell of £2 is. 2d." for a half-year's fee farm rent due to 
the Crown at Ladyday for Newlands and Farle, and a similar payment 
occurs under the date October, 1686.'^ 

In 1805, the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners' estate at Fairle-hill 
was stated to comprise a farm of 278 acres, then let at ,7^110 per annum. 
It consisted of arable and pasture land of inferior quality ; *^ and on the 
enclosure of Newlands and Whittonstall common in 181 1, 325 acres were 
awarded to the Commissioners in lieu of the right of common of pasture 
enjoyed by the owners and tenant of Fairle. With the rest of Whittonstall, 
this place now belongs to Mr. J. F. Laycock. 

' Greenwich Hospital Papers, Whittonstall Deeds. ■ lliiil. 

' Supra, p. 195. Exchequer Depositions of Commission, 17 James I. Mich. Tcrni, No. 24. 

* The earl of Westmoreland's enclosure at Fairleymay is in the townslii]) of Fotherley. 

' Pat. Rolls, 5 Chas. I. pt. 9. 

" Arch. Ael. vol. i. new series, p. 107. ' Ibid. vol. ii. new series, p. 161. 

" Report uj I'iiitatiun 11/ Greeincich Hospital Estates in 1805. 



Whittonstall Chapel. 

Although the present ecclesiastical parish of Whittonstall comprises a 
fragment of Broomley and the townships of Apperley, Hedley, Whitton- 
stall and Nevvlands, the ancient parochial chapelry seems to have been 
conterminous with the two latter. A chapel dedicated to St. Philip and 
St. James' was probably built very soon after the manor was acquired 
by Bernard Darrayns ; the only fragment of the original structure which 
remains, an early English corbel of considerable beauty, strengthens this 

In 1289 John, son of Jordan, William, son of Wydo, William, son of 
the grieve, Hugh de Ellingham, John de Fayrhill and Hugh de Bakwurd, 
for themselves and their 
neighbours who were ac- 
customed to hear divine 
service in the chapel of 
Wytonstal, endeavoured, 
in the court held in the 
Galilee of the cathedral 
of Durham, to prove that 
the prior and convent of 
Durham, who held the 
rectory of Bywell St. 
Peter, were bound to find 
the books, cup, and other 
ornaments for the use of 

the chapel. The court held that the inhabitants of Whittonstall chapelry 
ought to find them at their own charge." 

About the same period Robert, son of Fabian of Whittonstall, granted 
to Sir William de Hindley three roods in the field of Quictunestal, nearest 
to the church of the apostles Philip and James, rendering to him yearly a 
pair of gloves,' and in the following century William Menevill, the lord of 
Whittonstall, by his will dated 20th January, 1371, left five marks for the 

' The late Rev. J. L. Low, incumbent of Whittonstall, in a paper on 'Whittonstall Church,' Arch. Ad. 
vol. xi. p. iSo, with pardonable partiality, attempted to show that the ancient chapel was a building of 
some architectural pretensions. It is possible that the chapel was dedicated to St. Philip, out of 
compliment to Philip de Poitiers, bishop of Durham, 1 197-1208. 

'' Dm: Tn-as. Cartularium .Sacristae, pp. 87, 94. " Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 6927!. 



sustentation of the cliapel of Whitenstall.' This biiildint;, having fallen into 
decay, and being considered unfit for public worship, was taken down in 
1830. Little is known of the architectural features, but it is probable that, 
like some other parochial chapels occupying exposed situations in the 
county, it consisted of a nave without aisles and a chancel, with a western 
bell cote. A coped grave cover, having a sword incised down the middle, 
has recently been unearthed in the churchyard. The present church was 
erected in 1830 on the site of the ancient structure, and a chancel in the 
Early English style was added in 1896. 

In a book of depositions, connected with the rebellion of 1569, kept by 
Dr. Robert Swift, vicar general and official principal of the diocese of 
Durham from 1561 to 1577, Thomas Swalwell, curate of Brancepeth, formerly 
curate of Medomsley, was accused that he ' in the tyme of the laite rebellion, 
diddest procure, suffer and maynteyne one Sir John Cowper,^ curat of 
Whittonstall, to churche three women and marye certeyne persones in 
latton in such rite and forme as was prescribed by the pope, at Medomsley.''' 

' Durham Wills and Inventories, Raine, p. 32, Surt. Soc. No. 2. 

^ A messuage in Whittonstawl, then or late in the occupation of George Couper, clerk, appointed for 
the maintenance of a priest in the church of Whittonstawl was granted, June 22nd, 1575, to John 
Soukye and Percival Gunson, at the request of George Darcy, esq., and in consideration of the payment 
of a certain sum of money, to hold on free and common socage as of the manor of East Greenwich, 
Pai. Rolls, 17 Eliz. pt. 5. 

' Depos. and Eccles. Proc, Raine, p. 203 ; Surt. Soc. No. 21. 


Thirty years later the churchwardens were presented that ' they want a 
surplesse and communion table cloth.' ^ After that time little is heard either 
of the chapel or its ministers until the year 1774, when, a grant having been 
obtained from Queen Anne's bounty, a district was cut out of the parish of 
Bywell St. Peter, and constituted into a perpetual curacy. A farm of 74 
acres, called Wetbottom, near Crook, purchased as an endowment, subse- 
quently became of considerable value through the mineral rights of coal ; a 
further augmentation was afterwards made by the dean and chapter' of 
Durham, the impropriators of the great tithes.^ 

The church stands immediately to the west of the old course of Watling 
Street, which at this point passed through what is now the graveyard. 

Monumental Inscriptions. 

Hie jacet Georgius Bootflower de Apperley, qui obiit 21 die Februar. An. Dom Arms: 

vert a chevron, and in chief ^ flenrs de lys. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. John Brown, son of the Rev. .Simpson Brown, and curate of 
Sedgefield, who died 19th May, 1815, aged 32 years. John Maugham, son-in-law of the Rev. S. Brown, 
who died at Calcutta in the East Indies, iSth July, 1818, aged 40 years. Agnes Brown, wife of the Rev. 
S. Brown, who died at Ebchester Hill, 24th December, iSig, aged 68 years. Hannah Wallis, wife of 
William Wallis, esq., and daughter of the Rev. S. Brown, died at Shotley Field, loth August, 1S22, 
aged 30 years. Of the Rev. Simpson Brown, B. A., curate of Sadberge, near Darlington, youngest 
son of the Rev. Simpson Brown, who died at May 6th, 1828, aged 

John Foster of Apperley, died December 22nd, 1767, aged 56. 

Thomas HoUiday of Beamish Forge, died 1796. 

John Hopper of Newlands, died October i8th, 1763, aged 52. 

Margaret Humble, wife of Thomas Humble, of Whittonstall, buried February i8lh, 1727/8. 
In piam memoriam Ricardi Marshall hujus ecclesi:i; vicarii, qui obiit Frid. non. Aug. MDCCCLXXIJ. 
Necnon Elizabethae u.xoris ejus, quae obiit \. non Jul. mdccclxxiv. 


The communion plate comprises a cup made in Newcastle in 1744, and a paten made at the same 
place in 1874.^ 

The chapel wardens' account books begin in 1743, and the Registers in 1754.' 

Incumbents of Whittonstall.^ 

1569. John Cowper, curate of Whittonstall." 

1577. George Cowper admitted January 25th, 1577/8,' was e.xcused, on account of illness, from 
appearing at the chancellor's visitation in 1578.' 

' Ex Durham Records. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' \V p. 243. ''Arch. Act. vol. .xi. p. 18. 

''/l>'c/»..<4e/. vol. xvi.p. 261. Proc. N.C. Soc.ofAntiq.volv.p. 48. * Proc. N.C. Soc. of Antiq. vo]. v. P.4S. 
' The vicars of Bywell St. Peter seem to have been in the habit of holding the benefice of Whittonstall, 
and to have appointed sub-curates ; this w ill in some measure account for the imperfection of the above list. 
6 Uepos. and Ecclcs. Proc. p. 203. Surt. Soc. No. 21. 

' Randal, State of the Churches, and Rev. John Hodgson's notes from Durham Episcopal Registers. 
" Ecclcs. Proc. of Bishop Barnes, p. 71. 

Vol. VI. 



1580. Thomas Asheton, reader, admitted January 20th, 1580.' 

1583. Thomas Hedley admitted June loth, 1583,' occurs January 20th, 15S4.' 

1585. Christopher I'inkney appeared July 12th, 1585.' 

1616. (George Wrightson ;' also incumbent of Ebchester." 

:6i7. Edm. KnoUes admitted August 28th, 1617.' 

1774. John (?) Ellison admitted July 20th, 1774' (? William Ellison, M.A., incumbent of Ebchester, 

1784," and also curate of Medomsley). 
Michael Maughan, also curate of Shotley and of ISeadncll, and librarian at Damburgh castle, 

where he was residing in 1S28. 
cinaiS^i. J. ISIessenger. 
(?) 1837. Richard Marshall, originally sub-curate under Maughan and Messenger; died August 9th, 

1872. Monumental Inscription. 
1872. John Low Low, of University Coll., Durham, Gisborne Scholar; B.A. 1846; M.A., 1849; 

ordained deacon, 1844, and priest, 1845 ; died February 8th, 1888, aged 71. 
1888. John S. Hick, of University Coll., Durham; B.A., 1869: ^LA., 1872 ; ordained deacon, 1870, 

and priest, 1871 ; incumbent of Netherwitton, 1877-1888. A man of learning and author 

of several papers and contributions to the publications of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries.' 
1896. John Wagstaff, B.D. ; ordained deacon, 1868, and priest, 1869; incumbent of Rookhope, 

1877-1S83 ; of Christ Church, Macclesfield, 18S3-1S96. 


The township of Fotherley is an irregularly shaped tract of land, com- 
prising 1657 acres, watered by several small burns, the Newfield burn, the 
Bowden burn, Fairley-may gill, etc. It is sheltered by several woods and 
plantations, and contains the homesteads, among others, of High Fotherley, 
Low Fotherley, Fairley-may, Letch-houses, Lingeyfield, Scales Cross, etc. 
In 1 89 1 the population was 63.^ 

The earliest notices of the place occur in the enumeration of the 
members of the barony of Baliol made about the year 1240, set out in the 
Tesia de Nevill, where it is called Faldirley,' and in the Northumberland 
Assize Rolls for 1256, where there is a record of a suit brought by Richard 
Bochard of ' Fakefle ' (Fairley), and Sibilla, his wife, formerly widow of Alan 
son of Wydo, against Elias de Stokesfeld and Emma, his wife, and Alan de 
Menil and Eva his wife, concerning a tenement and lands in Falderley." 

In the Treasury at Durham is contained a series of charters relating 
to a place called Bacworthe, which was evidently in the immediate 

' Randal, State oj the Churches, and Rev. John Hodgson's Notes from Durham Episcopal Registers. 
'" Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 289, 302. 

" Cj. Arch. Ael. vol. xi. pp. 18, 180, 186. Proceedings 0/ Newcastle Soc. of Antiq. vol. iii. p. 57. 
* The Census Returns are: 1801,91; 1811,90; 1821,92; 1831,105; 1841,106; 1851,142; 1S61, 
104; 1871, 95 ; 1881, 68; 1S91, 63. The return for 1901 is included in that of Healey. 
' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 212. 
" Northumberland Assize Rolls, 40 Hen. HI. Page, p. 6; Surt. .Soc. No. 88. 


neighbourhood of, but not in, the vill of Whittonstall. This place may 
be identified with Letch-houses, standing upon the syke, or burn of the 
smallest kind, which forms the boundary of Fairhill in Whittonstall and 
the township of Fotherley ; it is still called the Backworth Letch. 

About the year 1200, Serlo de Bacwrthe, in some of the charters called 
Serlo son of Edulf de Bacwurthe, granted lands, etc., near the road from 
Biwell, to Ranulf, son of Aldan de Hindelei, to be held of Serlo,' the 
grant being confirmed by Eustace de Baliol, the lord of the fee." Serlo 
also granted to the same Ranulf the whole assart of Dunriding, containing 
sixteen acres and a rood.^ A few years later Ranulf obtained from Hugh 
de Baliol a confii-mation of the land sgiven him by Serlo ^ and also a grant or 
confirmation of twenty acres of land of the waste near the road of Hokesti.^ 

' Dur Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 58S7. 

- Misc. Chart, No. 5SSS. Sciant universi tarn praesentes quam futuri quod ego Eustachius de Ball' 
concessi et hac mea praesenti carta confirmavi Ranulfo filio Aldaiii totam terrain suam quam de Serlone 
de Bacwrthe tenet. Habendam et tcnendam Hbere et quiete de illo sicut testatur carta quam inde de 
praedicto Serlone liabet, scilicet, quod praedictus Serlo praedicto Ranulfo dedit et carta sua confirmavit pro 
honiagio et servicio suo in praedicta villa de Bacwrthe totam terrani ex occidentali parte viae quae venit 
de Biwella et vadit versus superiorem Bacwrthe cum toftis et croftis, usque ad divisas superioris 
Bacwrthe, et de illis divisis versus occidentem ad divisas de Brouncruke, et praeterea versus orientem 
praedictae viae xij acras terrae, scilicet, iij acras in inferiori essarto et in occidentali parte de Douburne 
ij acras et dimidiam et in Goseriding dimidiam acram et in orientali parte de Douburne j acram et in 
Thurkillesriding ij acras et in Sudriding dimidiam acram, et versus superiorem Bacwrthe j acram 
et j rodam, et contra domes inferioris Bacwrthe j acram et j rodam ; et praeterea iij acras versus 
orientem de Ormesriding, et in cultura mea dimidiam acram, et in essarto inferiori dimidiam acram. 
Tenenda et habenda de praedicto Serlone et heredibus suis praedictus Ranulfus et heredes sui libere et 
quiete et honorifice, in boscis et planis, in viis et semitis, in pratis et pasturis et in omnibus aisiamentis et 
libertatibus praedictae villae pertinentibus. Reddendo annuatim wiij denarios, scilicet, ix denarios ad 
Pentecosten et ix denarios ad festum Sci Martini pro omnibus serviciis et consuetudinibus et 
exaccionibus. Et si praedictus Ranulfus vel heredes sui in forisfacto inciderint quieti erunt pro vj 
denariis. Et praedictus Serlo et heredes sui praedictam terrain cum omnibus pertinenciis praedicto 
Ranulfo et heredibus suis contra omnes gentes warantizabunt. Hiis testibus. Roberto de Insula, 
Bernardo de Arenis, Radulfo de Gunwart', Kogero de Egglest', Milone de Quictunstal, Ada de Hindel', 
Serlone de Quictunstal, Roberto de Hindel", Gileberto fratre ejus, Hugone de Heleia, Willelmo 
presbitero de Biwella, Willelmo fabro, Ectredo de Eltisham, Galfrido de Acom, luone clerico, Willelmo 
de Heding, Radulfo senescaldo, Ada mariscaldo. Seal, Equestrian, of Eustace de Baliol. 

' Ibid. No. 5SS9. 

' Ibid. No. 5885. Hugo de Baliolo . . . Ranulfo filio Aldani de Hindelei totam terrain quam Serlo 
de Bacwurthe illi dedit ad incrementum terrae quam ei primo dedit, scil., totam sartam quae dicitur Dun- 
riding quae fuit patris Serlonis et Serlonis, scil., xvj. acras et r rodam, praeter 3^ acr. quas praed. Serlo 
praed. Ranulfo primo dedit . . . et praeterea totam terram inter duas clowas sicut clouwa occidentalis 
se extendit sursum, et ita ab ilia clouwa in orientem usque ad aliam clouwam. Redd. .Serloni et hered. 
suis duos denarios per annum. Hiis test. Radulfo de Gunwartun, Otuer de Insula, Siluano de Biwelle, 
Willo fil. Reginaldi, Rogero de Slauelei, Milone de Quiketunestal, Alard de Matfen, Adam fil. Sproue, 
Rob. de Hindelei, Gilberto fratre suo, Ricardo de Ministanesacres, Abraham capellano. Equestrian seal. 

^ Ibid. No. 5886. Hugo de Bailloyel . . . Ranulfo de Hindeleya pro hom. et serv. suo xx acras 
terrae de wasto juxta viam de Hokesti versus occidentem ad edificandas et colendas, sartandas et 
claudendas fossato et sepe . . . cum communi pastura et cum omn. libertatibus . . . quae aliquis ex 
liberis hominibus meis habet infra forestam mcam de Biwelle. Hiis testibus. Bernardo de Bailloyel, 
Amfrido de Bailloyel, Roberto de Graunsard, Johe de Erect', Radulfo de Gunwartona, Ricardo de 
Hedduna, Rob. de Hindel', Willo fratre ejus, Petro de Chirisi, Rob. de Heddona. Equestrian seal, same 
as last. 

C s. 






uncle legi 











I 9 




2 8 




I 13 




1 I 



I 5 





About the vear 1268, Falderlev was held of John dc Baliol as of his 
manor of Bywell by Simon de Haliwell and Alan de Menyll, who held their 
lands freely by charter, doing suit at the court of Bywell, and paying 5s. a 
year for all services.' In Backewrth there were four bond tenants, each of 
whom held 12 acres and paid 4s. yearly; the brewery produced 4s.- 

A few years later the place is incidentally mentioned in the Assize 

Rolls as Farderleye.' 

Falderley Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Summa bonorum WiUelnii de iMeynyle 

„ Gilbert! Walker 

„ Walteii de Falderley ... 

„ Ricardi Child ... 

„ Johannis Bailhol ... 

„ Johannis Halkcok 

,, .A.dae filii Thomae de Helly ... 

„ Gilberti de Helly 

Summa totalis hujus villae, £io 4s. gd. Unde domino regi, iSs. yid. {sic). 

Johannes Forester, 3s. gd. probatus. Summa patet. 

About the year 1361, Richard Rauland and Gilbert son of Robert de 
Stokesfeld held lands in Falderlegh, Aydon, and other places;' and in 
14 14 Alexander Forster held the vill of Faldyrleye and paid a free rent of 
5s. per annum.' There is a dearth of notices of the place during the 

fifteenth century. 

Fawdle Muster Roll, 1538.° 
Wyllm Newton, John Newton, Christofer Heryson, Richard Stampe ; able with hors and harnes. 

Towards the close of the si.xteenth and at the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century, Fotherley was occupied by a branch of the Derwent-side 
family of Surtees, some of whose wills are preserved in the Probate Registry 
at Durham. 

1579, December 26th. Will of George Surtisse of Fathererlye, yeoman. I give to my wife Agnes 
Surtisse, my medow in Slayle ; my son Richard Surtisse, my children John, Agnes, and Jenet Surtisse. 
Proved 1580. 

1 Inq. p.m. Johannis de Bailliolo, 53 Hen. III. No. 43. hiq. p.m. 55 Hen. III. No. 2,1,- I"'l- />■'"• 
56 Hen. III. No. 26. 

■i Ibid. ' Northumberland Assize Roll, 7 Edw. I. Page, p. 344. Surt. Soc. No. 88. 

' Origiiialia, 35 Edw. III. rot. 49; Hodgson, Northumhcriand, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 328. 

' P.R.O. Rentals and Surveys, Portfolio \^. ' Arch. Ad. 4to series, vol. i\-. p. 178. 


1618, January ist. Will of Robert Suertisse of High Fatherley within the parish of Bywell Peter. 
To be buried in my parish church of Bywell Peter. I give to my daughter Mary Suertiss, one cowe ; and 
to my daughter Margaret Suertiss, an almerie ; to William Burdusse, my daughter's sone, a browne ox ; 
to my son William -Suertiss, a bushell of rie ; and to Richard Suertiss, my son's son, 'the fourth part of 
my mare (sic)." Residue to my son George, and to my daughters Mary, Margaret, and Jane Suertiss, 

Part of the open field or common at Fairley-may being part of the 
wastes of the barony of Bywell is stated to have been enclosed before the 
year 1569 by the earl of Westmorland's orders, made at the 'malice ' of his 
steward John Swinburne." 

The tenants in 1620 paid their rents to the officers of the Crown,^ but 
soon after that time Fotherley was acquired by the family of Sanderson of 
Healey. Mr. William Sanderson in 1663 was rated for freehold lands at 
Fauderlees, Lingfield, and the mill, and at the same period, Myles Usher, 
Stephen Smith, and Thomas Carr were the owners of Fardle May.^ The 
Newton family also had some parcels of land either in fee simple or by lease. ^ 

In 1694, John Sanderson of Healey charged his estates at High and 
Low Fauderley, Lingeyfield house, etc., with an annuity of ;^6o per annum, 
to be paid to his brother William Sanderson, but Fotherley was apparently 
sold before 1717. 

George Weatherley of Crawcrook in 1734, and Nicholas and George 
Weatherley in 1748, respectively, voted for freehold lands in Low Fotherley 
at elections of knights of the shire, and in the last named year George 
Surtees of Ryton voted for High Fotherley. In 1826 Thomas Barker 
Walker of Beukley voted for Low Fotherley, and in 1832 Anthony 
Surtees of Hamsterley voted for High Fotherley. Since that period the 
greater part of the lands in the township have been absorbed in the Minster- 
acres estate. 

The outfield or common of Fairley-may comprised a parcel of land 
' bounded on the east by a rivulet called Coal-burn and on the north by 

' Query lufrc': there is still a patch of marshy ground called Fotherley Moss. 

■-' Hall and Humberston's Survey. ' Exchequer Dcp. by Cuminissioii : 17 Jas. I. Mich. Term, No. 24. 

' Hodgson, Northumbcrliind, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 2S7. 

'' 1682, April 15th. Will of Gilbert Newton of Faderley, in the parish of Bywell Peter, yeoman. 
I give to my sister Jane, 40s. ; to George Angus, my sister Alisse' sonne, los. ; and to Henry Angus, my 
sister's sone, 5s. I give the residue of my houses, leases, lands, tenements, and goods to my brother's 
Sonne, John Newton and his heirs. Durham Probate Registry. 

1682, May 14th. Will of John Newton of High Fawtherley, in the parish of Bywell Peter, yeoman. 
I give to my eldest son John Newton, and my second son Thomas Newton, ^20 apiece ; my wife and 
my daughters Barbara, Jane, and .'\lice Newton. The legacies to be paid out of my parcel of ground or 
land at Low Fawtherley after the mortgage of ^100 is paid. Proved 1682. Durham Probate Registry. 


another rivulet called Fotherley-burii,' containing by admeasurement 445 
acres; it remained open and unenclosed until 1817, when under the 
provisions of an ' Act for inclosing lands in the parishes of Ovingham, 
Bywell St. Peter, and Bywell St. Andrew, 52 George III.' it was given 
to the Rev. Septimus Hodson and Frances his wife, lords of the manor 
of Bywell, for their consent to the division and in satisfaction of their 
interest in the said common and in that of Apperley, and as compensation 
for the right of common attached to their farmhold called Fairley-may ; 
the other stint holders were compensated elsewhere. 


The township of Espershields comprises an irregularly shaped tract of 
land abutting on the river Derwent, and dividing the townships of Shotley 
High Quarter and Shotley Low Quarter. It has an area of 3,734 acres and, 
in the main, slopes to the south ; at Pit-house fell in the western part it rises 
to an elevation of 1,032 feet above sea-level. In iqoi the population 
was 94.' 

Though the enumeration of the members of the Baliol fee in the Testa 
de Nevill makes no mention of Espershields, Minsteracres, Cronkley, or 
Winnowshill, there is evidence to show that from an early period these 
places, which are all comprised in the modern township of Espershields, 
formed part of the Baliol barony. 

In the inquisition taken in 1268, after the death of John de Baliol, 
it is stated that in Esperscheles there were two free tenants, Robert 
Walkelin, who held 48 acres and paid los. 3d., and Alan de Sutton, who 
held 7 acres and rendered a pound of cummin of the value of three half 
pence. Robert Walkelin also held of the lord 5 acres and paid 2s. 6d. a 
year as ferm ; there were five husband lands, each of which comprised 57^ 
acres; they rendered 33s. gd. for all services, and there were three cottars, 
each of whom held 8 acres and paid 4s. gd. The sum of the vill 
was £2 IIS. 4|d.^ At Mynstanesacres there were four tenants, viz., Robert 
de Rue, who held freely and paid 5s. a year ; Alan Warin, who held 24 
acres and paid 2s. ; Maud Grey, who held 16 acres and paid 2od. ; and the 

'The Census Returns are: 1801,160; 1811,185; 1821,180; 1831,195; 1841,198; 1851,187; 
1861, 182 ; 1871, 172 ; 1881, 120 ; l8gi, 127 ; igoi, 94. 

= Inq. p.m. Johannis de Baliol, 53 Hen. III. No. 43 ; ij. Cut. Due. Rd. Scot. vol. i. p. 500. 


widow, Emma of Crawcrokes, who held Hesilihirst, estimated at 40 acres, 
and paid 24s. The sum of the vill was 32s. 8d/ At Crombeclyve, which 
was a pertinent of Bywell, there were in demesne 93 acres, each worth 6d. 
an acre, 46s. 6d. ; a mill worth 4 marks ; four bondmen who held 67 acres 
in severalty {particulariter) and paid 33s. gd. ; and four cottars who held 
12 acres and paid 6s. gd. The sum of the vill was £'] os. 4d." 

In the extent made at Bywell, May 2nd, 1271, for the purpose of 
assigning the dower of Agnes de Valence, widow of Hugh de Baliol, it is 
stated that in Espersheles, Robert Walkelyn held 40 acres of land and for 
all services paid a free rent of los. 3d. ; Alan de Sutton held 6| acres and 
rendered one pound of cummin. There were two tenants who held 33 acres 
of land at the lord's will, for which they paid i6s. 6d. yearly, and two 
tenants who held 24 acres and paid 12s. a year. William Turpyn held 10 
acres and 3 roods at the lord's will, and for all services paid 5s. ii^d. 
There were also six cottars who held 16 acres in common, besides every 
man his own cottage, and paid 8s. 6d. a year. The sum of the whole 
farm of Espersheles was £2 12s. ii|d. Mynstanaker was held by Robert 
and Alan de Mynstanaker, who for all services paid 8s. 8d. There were 
85 acres of demesne and meadow land at Crombclyve worth 46s. 8d., 
and a mill worth 53s. 4d. ; four husbandmen held 68 acres in common 
and for all services paid 33s. lod. a year; five cottars held a cottage and 
court yard each and paid 7s. 4d. yearly for all services ; the sum of the 
vill of Crombeclyve was £'] is. 2d.'' Ten months later an inquisition taken 
at Morpeth on March 8th, 127 1/2, makes a similar return, but adds the 
names of Robert de Rue, Adam Waryn, and the widow Emma of Craw- 
crook, as tenants of Mynstanacres and Hesilehirst, for which they rendered 
32s. 8d.* 

Crumclef Subsidy Rot.l, 


/; s. 




Summa bonorum 

Raclulphi de Cotum 



iinde di 

omino regi 




Willelmi Alayncheles 

I 19 






Willelmi filii Willelmi de Alanclieles 

' 15 






Robert! Wauclyn 

3 3 






Roberti carpentarii 







Gilbert! Spurn' 

I 9 






Johannis Mahen 

1 8 





Summa totalis villae de Crumclef, /13 15s. yid. Unde regi, 25s. o|d. (siV). 

' Inq. p.m. Johannis de Baliol, 53 Hen. III. No. 43; cf. Cat. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 500. 

' I^iil- " Inq. p.m. 55 Hen. III. No. 33 ; cf. Cal. Doc. Rcl. Scot. vol. i. p. 531. 

' Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Baliol, 56 Hen. III. No. 26 ; cf. Cal. Doc. Rcl. Scot. vol. i. p. 542. 



C s. ,1. s. d. 

Suninia bonoriim Robcrti dc Minstanacies ... ... ... 191 undc regi 2 7? 

„ Rogeri dc Ilcslihiist 3 11 8 „ 6 6.| 

„ Alani de Brunicrokes ... ... ... i 6 10 „ 25] 

Hugonis de Haysand ... ... ... 239 „ 40 

.Suninia totalis liujiis villac. £& iis. 4d. Unde regi, 15s. y\A. 

There is no separate return either for Espershields or Ministeracres for 
the subsidy of 1296 nor for these places nor for Winnowshill in that of 1336. 

Cromclife Subsidy Roll, 1336. 

Willelmus filiiis Radulphi, 3s. ; Willelmus filius Aliciae, 2s. 6d. ; Johannes Pacoke, 2s. ; Thomas 
Saddler, 2s. 6d. ; .Summa, los. 

There was at this period a series of small actions relating to Espershields, 
which is described as a hamlet of Cronkley. On the Friday after April 25th, 
1306, John Conyers of Stub-house being seised of a purparty of ' Crounclef,' 
the vill and mill of Espershields, and of lands at Unthank and 'Hiddewyne 
iu.xta Hiddewyne-laws,' demised them to Robert Wauclyne of Espershields, 
at a certain reserved rent. On the Tuesday after May 3rd, 1342, Robert de 
Esthydewyne granted a rent charge payable out of Hiddewyne ju.xta 
Hiddewyne laws, Unthank and Espershields to Robert, son of the same John 
Conyers. After Robert de Esthydewyne's death the disputes of Robert 
Conyers with Robert de Heddon's widow, Agnes, and their son, Robert, led 
to at least two trials at the Northumberland Assize, but the outcome does 
not appear.^ 

By a deed made at East Heddon, March 7th, 1340, Hugo de Bywell, 
chaplain, regranted to Robert de Est Hedwyn certain lands and tenements 
in the vills of Hydewyn Est, Unthank, Espersheels, and Wollowe, to hold 
for the term of his Ufe, with remainder to Robert, son of the said Robert de 
Hedwyn Est, and his wife Cecilia, daughter of William de Wylome, burgess 
of Newcastle, and their issue, with remainder to the right heirs of Robert, 
senior.- Seven years later Gilbert le Milnestonacres,' chaplain, is mentioned 

^Assize Rolls, 9 Edward III. Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 333. Assi::c Rolls, 28-32 
Edward III. Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, pp. 509, 510. 

- Randal MSS. vol. iii. p. 58. Ex orig. penes Thomas Gyll arm. Hugo de Bywell capellanus . . . 
Roberto de Hydewyn Est omnia ilia terras . . . ac etiam quoddum molendinum aquaticum cum 
tota secta pert, et cum toto dominio meo ubique cum suis pert., quae quidem habui de done et feoff, 
praed. Roberti in villis de Hydewyn Est, Unthank, Esperscheles et Wollawe in com. Northumbriae. 
Habenda et ten. praed. Roberto et assignatis suis ad totam vitam ipsius Roberti. Remainder to Robert, 
son of the aforesaid Robert de Hydewyn Est, and Cecilia, daughter of William de Wylome, burgess of 
Newcastle, and the heirs of Robert and Cecilia of their body, in default of such heirs, remainder to the 
right heirs of Robert of Hydewyn Est, the father. Hiis testibus. Dnis Gilberto de Burghdoun, tunc 
vicecom. Northumbriae, Johanne de Insula de Wodeburn, Roberto Darreyns, militibus, Roberto de 
Hydewyn Est, Johanne de Rouchester, Willelmo de Hydewyn. At Hydewyn Est, March 7th, 1340. 
' Dominus Gilbertus de Mynstanacre was vicar of Bywell St. Andrew about 1352. 


in a licence granted by Edward III. to permit the prior and convent of 
Hexham to acquire lands in Eachwick, Whitchester, etc' 

Cronkle Muster Roll, 1538. 
Alexander Eleson, John So'iimson, Georg Marshell Rolland Symson, Symond Parker ; able with 
hors and harnes.'-' 

The family of Elrington was settled at Elrington in the chapelry of 
Haydon as early as the reign of King John,^ but they do not seem ever to 
have attained a position of any importance. It is not known when or by 
what means they acquired Espershields, at which place Robert Elrington, 
who died February 24th, 151 1/2, is stated to have held a messuage, 100 acres 
of land, 200 acres of meadow, 200 acres of pasture, and 600 acres of moss, 
and also a messuage in Cronkley with 100 acres of land, 100 acres of marsh, 
200 acres of pasture, and 600 acres of moss. His son, Thomas Elrington, 
was thirty-six years of age at his father's death.^ There is not sufficient 
material for the construction of a pedigree, but the following wills, extracted 
from the Probate Registry at Durham, afford some genealogical details. 

1571, 29th August. Will of Simon Ellringham of Espersheles, in the parish of Biwell Peter : I give 
to my cosens, Thomas and Richard Boithe, two old angells^ apeice ; and to Robert Boithe two olde angells ; 
to John Swinburne of Wilome and to his wife, two old angells ; to Anthony Hall of Durhame and to his 
wife, two old angells; to Mrs. Booithe, sexe old angells which she hath in her custody; to William 
Bailey, Thomas Hall, and John Hall's wife, an old angell apiece; to David Carnabie, two old angels, and 
Anthony Carnabie, a french crowne ; to John Watson of Newcastle, two old angells and an old ringe, 
and to his wife, one old angell ; to John Watson, father of the aforesaid John, a gold ring, and the rest 
of the old angells that is within my chest at Old Durham. All my servants and hinds to have one 
quarter's wage beside their wages and two yowes each. To Richard Teasdale of Colepotts, all the debts 
he oweth me. I give to my servant, Lancelot Carr, his father's farmeholde, which is in my hande, 
at Unthanke for twenty-one years after my death. To my sisters, the wife of John Smith and the wife 
of Thomas Readshaw, one cowe apiece. To Thomas Benson, clerk, parson of Edr.iundbyers, 6s. 8d. for 
his pains. I give the residue to my uncle, Roger Booithe, and my cosen. John Watson of Durham, and 
appoint them executors. Supervisor, Mr. Anthony Ratclifife and Mr. Cuthbert Ratcliffe, his son. Proved, 
1 571. Durham Probate Registry. 

1574, 25th January. Will of Robert Ellrington of Espersheles: To my son, John Ellrnigton, my 
lands and commons in the town of Ellrington, and also my lands and houses lying in Hadon-bridge, as 
specified in a deed of gift, ' made and dated before my death, to my son and his heirs ; ' to my son, Martyn 
Ellrington, my farmhold at Unthank; to my son, George Ellrington, a farmhold of the rent of 13s. 4d., 
being now in the tenor of Janet Ellrington, my stepmother, in the towne of Cronckly, after the death of 
the said Janet; to my son, William Ellrington, a close of the rent of 36s.; to my daughters, Marrion and 
Agnes Ellrington, the yearly rent of los. out of my farmhold in Unthank, To John Ellrington, my son, 

' Rot. Pat. 21 Edward HI. pt. ii. niemb. 29; Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. p. 142. 
■ ylrch. Ael. 410 series, vol. iv. p. 178. ' Cf. Hodgson. Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. pp. 371-2. 

' Inq. p.m., Rob. Elrington, 24 Eliz. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' K,' p. 626. 
' The angel was a gold coin bearing a representation of St. Michael and the Dragon, and was first 
introduced into England by Edward IV. 

Vol. VI. 27 


being base-born or bastard, 4 sheepe to help him to an occupation. To the children of John Carr, my 
son-in-law, each a shepc ; to Richard Carr, son of the said John Carr, one quye stirke. 1 appoint my 
wife, Custons Ellrinyton, my sons, John, Martyn, George, and William EUrington, and my daughters, 
Marrion and Agnes Ellrington, executors. My brother-in-law, John Carr, and Harry Wallace supervisors. 
Witness, Thomas Benson, clerk, parson of Edmundbyers. Proved, 1574. Ibid. 

1577, January 31st. Will of John EIrington of the parish of Edmundbiers: I give to my brother, 
William EIrington, my right, title, etc., to the lordship of EIrington for his life ; remainder to my brother, 
Cieorge EIrington ; remainder to the heyre of the Elringtons. I give to my uncle, John Carr, my gilt 
daggar, he to be guardian to my brother William till 18. My mother, Custance EIrington, my brethren, 
Martin and George EIrington, my sisters, .-Xnne and Mallie EIrington. Sharp, Test. Diiiiclm. 

In August, 1603, Margaret EIrington of Espersheles, widow, George 
EIrington and others, were lying under sentence of excommunication for not 
paying cessments, and for larestones, to the church of Bywell St. Peter.' 


Mr. EUeringtone, 5s.; Mr. Saundersonne, 5s.: John Swinburne, I2d.; Richard Suirties, 2s.; Robert 
Teesdaill, 2S. ; Izaac Nicholsone, 4d.; Jaine Newtone, 4d. ; Robert Hunter, I2d. ; William Suirties, 6d. ; 
John Usher, 4d.; Thomas March, 6d. ; Thomas .-Vndrewe, 4d. ; Thomas Snawball, 4d. ; Ralphe Carr, 
6d. ; Christofor Newton, 4d. ; John Wilkinsone, I2d. Summe, 20s. 6d. 

The name of John EIrington, gentleman, occurs in the list of freeholders 
in 1628 ;^ and in 1663 John EIrington, esq., was rated at ^^137 for lands at 
Cronkley, Millshields, Unthank, and Espershields, and at £2>^ for part of 
EIrington and demesne.* 

.•\nthony Wilkinson, i chimney ; Mrs. Elizabeth E[l]rington, 2 chimneys ; Thomas Ord, John Ellison, 
Alexander Proude, Cuthbert Ridley, John Buckham, Robert Proude,each one chimney ; nine chimneys in all. 

On October 15th, 1670, George EIrington of Espershields procured a 
licence to marry Margaret Parkin of St. Margaret's, Durham,' but seems to 
have had no issue, as he was succeeded by John EIrington, apparently his 
brother. The latter had issue, a son, William, who, dying at Ebchester, was 
buried at Shotley, March 5th, 170 1/2,' and two daughters, Elizabeth and 
Isabella, who became co-heiresses to their father and brother, and married 
respectively Christopher Hunter of Medonisley and Gabriel Reed of Trough - 
end in Redesdale. The EIrington arms are stated to be : Gu/es and argent 
three cinquefoils counter-changed. . . . .' 

' E.\tract from Durham Records, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' U,' pp. 270, 271. 
- Arch. Ael. vol. ii. new series, p. 131. ^ Arch. Ael. 410 series, vol. ii. p. 320. 

* Book of Rates, 1663. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. pp. 292, 298, 335. 

= P.R.O. Subsidy Roll, ig§. ' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. x'ol. iii. p. 372. ' Mcdomslcy Register. 

* Craster Tables, made in 1662 ; cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 372. 


In the division of John Elrington's estates between his two daughters, 
the mansion and the greater part of Espershields fell to the share of Mrs. 
Hunter. On July 19th, 1738, Christopher Hunter' of Durham and Elizabeth, 
his wife, and Thomas Hunter of Durham, their eldest son and heir apparent, 
with the consent of Charles Hammond of Bolton hall, county York, who 
held a mortgage on the estate for the sum of _^'i,205, conveyed Espershields 
to Ralph Clavering of Causey, county Durham ; the consideration being the 
suin of ;^i,6oo (out of which the mortgage was to be discharged), a deferred 
payment of £100, and the payment of an annuity of £6 for the life of Thomas 
Hunter, the son.^ By his will, dated January 12th, 1746, Ralph Clavering 
gave Espershields to his wife, Ann Clavering, for her life, and then to Robert 
Smith, son of Robert Smith, alderman of Durham, in tail male. Robert 
Smith survived Mrs. Clavering, but was dead before January loth, 
1758, when his eldest brother, Cuthbert Smith of Snowsgreen, was in 
possession. He died in 1762,' and on June 8th, 1762, Espershields and 
certain other lands were conveyed by John Smith of Snowsgreen, brother 
and heir at law of the said Cuthbert Smith, to his two younger brothers, 
Michael Smith, D.D., of Freckenham, Suffolk, clerk in holy orders, 
and Ralph Smith of Cliffords- fort, to whom, on the enclosure of Bolbec 
common, an allotment of 506 acres was made in respect of their tenement 
of Espershields. 

Margaret, widow of Robert Smith, was entitled to her dower, which 
she still enjoyed in 1769 when she is described as 'now wife of Richard 
Newton of Morpeth.' Michael Smith, who died May 6th, 1773,* gave all 
his estates, charged with certain legacies, to his brother, Ralph Smith, then 
residing at the Riding, who by his will, dated March 29th, 1784, gave 

' In 1734 Christopher Hunter of Durham voted for Espershields. Poll Book. 

■ Ralph Clavering of Causey married in 1717 Anne, daughter of Cuthbert Smith of the Law, 
Medomsley, sister to Cuthbert Smith, alderman of Newcastle, and also to Robert Smith, alderman 
of Durham. Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 228; Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. p. 340. 

^ 1762, May 9. Died at Snows-green, Mr. Cuthbert Smith, attorney at law and one of the aldermen 
of the city of Durham, by a fall from his horse ; he fell upon his breech, and being corpulent his whole 
frame was shaken. This accident happened on the 7th of May. Diary of Thomas Gyll of Barton. 

' There is a monument to Dr. Smith's memory in the chapel of Emanuel College, Cambridge 
(cf. Brand, Ncurastle, vol. i. p. 103). The will of Michael Smith of Freckenham, Suffolk, D.D., is dated 
April lotb, 1773, and was proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 14th May following. 
The testator gives ^700 to tlie master and fellows of Emanuel College in trust to pay ^16 per annum 
to some young student of the said college, preference being given to a student from Durham or 
Newcastle schools ; and bequeaths all his real and personal estates, charged with legacies, to his 
brother Ralph Smith of the Riding in the county of Northumberland, esq. 


Espershields to his wife for her life and then to Robert Surtees of 
Milkwell-burn ;^ in 1810 it was conveyed by Anthony Surtees of the 
Riding to George Silvertop of Ministeracres. 

Mr. Silvertop seems to have retained a portion of the premises when, 
in 1 81 7, he sold Espershields homestead with 819 acres to his kinsman, 
Mathias Dunn of Stella, to whose grandnephew, Mr. A. W. Dunn, it now 

On the partition of John Elrington's estates, Cronkley fell to the share 
of his daughter Isabella, who, on June 13th, 171 1, was married at St. Mary's, 
in the South Bailey, Durham, to Gabriel Reed of Troughend. Their son, 
Elrington Reed of Troughend, in 1747, advertised for sale 151 acres of land 
at Cronkley ; 76 acres at Millshields, together with a corn mill, a fulling 
mill and dye house ; 93 acres at East Espershields, and a moiety of Unthank 
with the colliery there.' These farms were purchased by George Silvertop 
of Stella, and conveyed to him on June 5th, 1750. On the 5th of November 
following, he conveyed the manor and estate of Cronkley, the fulling and 
corn mills at Millshields, certain closes at Espershields, and a moiety of 
Unthank to John Stephenson, alderman of Newcastle, by way of mortgage.^ 
On the enclosure of Bolbec common an allotment of 380 acres was made to 
Mr. Silvertop, in lieu of rights of common of pasture appurtenant to 
Cronkley and Millshields, and since that period these places have formed 
part of the Minsteracres estate. 

Minsteracres, in the time of Queen Elizabeth, was in the tenure of an 
offshoot of the ancient family of Swinburne (probably of the Chopwell 
branch), as tenants of the earl of Westmorland.* Of this familv Richard 
Swinburne, who, of the good will of his uncle, William Swinburne, held half 
a tenement, made his will February 14th, 1584/5. 

' On Feb. 2nd, 1790, Robert Surtees sold his reversionary interest to Anthony Surtees of Ackworth, 
county York, who by his will, dated Dec. 20th, 1S03, gave all his real estate in the counties of Durham 
and Northumberland to his 'relation' Anthony Surtees, then of Newcastle but afterwards of the Riding. 
Mr. A. \V. Dunn's Title Deeds. 

" The particulars of the dealings with the estate since 1738 are taken from Mr. .A. W. Dunn's 
Title Deeds. 

■' Newcastle Journal, 25th July, 1747. 

* Deeds enrolled at Quarter Sessions, in the custody of the Clerk of the Peace. 

= William Swynburne holds one messuage called Mynstracres, with all messuages, lands, meadows, 
feedings, moors, pastures, commons, houses, buildings and closes whatsoever, with their appurtenances, 
belonging to the said messuage, for ten years' indenture dated 27th .'\ugust, 1566; yearly rent £1 13s. 4d. 
Hall and Homberston's Survcv. 


I, Richard Swinburne off Mintstrakers, in the parish off Biwell Peter, seeke in bodie but of whole 
and perfect remembrance, praysed be God, doe make this my last will. I give my soule to Almighty 
God, my Maker and Redeemer, and my bodie to be buried within my parishe church aforesaid, paing 
all such dewyes as is accustomed for the same. I give and bequeath to my base begotten sonne James 
Swinburne, 2 quyes, 4 yewes, 2 hogge sheepe, and the corne that is growinge upon two lands lying at 
Denton Gappe; to Anthonie Fouster, one oxe calte, that suckes upon the beld cow; to Tomison Fouster 
of Whittingstall, a kenninge of ry and a kenninge of oattes ; to every one of my brethren a lamb at the 
spaininge tyme ; to Roger Swinburne, my sister's sonne, a lamb at the spaininge tyme ; to my wife, 
Margarette Swinburne, all my right and title of the halfe tenement called Mintstrakers, which I have by 
the goode will of my uncle William Swinburne, duringe hir widoehead ; and yf she fortune to mary, I 
will that my two children, John Swinburne and Alexander Swinburne, shall have the same. The 
residue of all my goods moveable and unmoveable, my debts, legacies, funeralls, and all other dueys 
discharged, I give and bequeathe to my wife Margarette Swinburne, and my two children John 
Swinburne and Alexander Swinburne, whom I make my full executors. And I make John .Swinburne, 
Gawayn Swinburne, and Robert Smithe supervisors hereof 

Inventory taken April 14th, 1585. Imprimus : 4 oxen, ^7 6s. Sd. ; 3 kyne and one stirke, ^4 los. ; 
2 quyes and one bull, £2 ; 10 yewes, £2 3s. 4d. ; g hoggs, £1 4s. ; 2 weathers and a toupe, lis. ; ry on 
the ground, ^i ; ottes on the ground, 15s. ; corne in the stake, 12s. ; all the insight geare, ^3 6s. 8d. 
Suma, ^23 8s. 8d. Debts owing by deceased, lis. gd.' 

Richard Swinburne of Minsteracres ; will dated ^ IMargaret ; excommunicated 30th .\ugust, 1603, fornotpay- 

14th February, 15S4 ; proved gth March, 1586; to 
be buried in church of Bywell Peter. Inventory 
14th April, 1585. 

ing cesses, or larestone money, to the parish church ; 
administration of her personal estate granted :7th .April, 
1624, to her two sons, John and Alexander. 

John Swinburne of Minsteracres, 1584 and 1624; administration of his personal = Margaret. Alexander Swinburne, 
estate granted 30th June, 1630, to Margaret the widow and John the son. 1584 and 1624. 

John Swinburne of Minsteracres, assessed for Minstrakers, in 1663, at ^18 per annum. 

Margaret Swinburne, probably the widow of Richard, on August 2nd, 
1593, obtained a twenty-one years' lease of the 'capital messuage called 
Minstrakers,' by letters patent under the seal of the Court of the Exchequer, 
the rent being 33s. 4d. She was still living in 1608 when it was stated that 
the value of the holding was £6 13s. 4d. per annum over and above the 
rent.- A 'messuage called Minstracres, and all messuages, houses, and lands 
thereto belonging, late in the tenure of William Swynborne, now of Margaret 
Swinborne . . . late belonging to Charles, earl of Westmorland, attainted 
of high treason,' were included in a lease granted on the loth April, 1610, to 
John Eldred, and William Whitmore for the term of sixty years, the reserved 
rent for the tenement being 33s. 4d.' In 1663, Mr. John Swinbourne of 
Minsterakers was rated for an estate there at _^i8 per annum.* 

' Durham Probate Registry. ■ Haggat and Ward's Survey. 

" Pat. Rolls, 8 Jas. I. pt. 4g. 

' Buuk uf Rates. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 287. 


At the election of knights of the shire in 1710, John Cook of Minstrakers 
voted for hinds in this phice, and at the election of 17 15, William Hindmarsh 
of Newcastle voted on a similar qualification. Shortly afterwaids it was 
acquired by the family of Silvertop, then of Stella, and on August 30th, 1738, 
was conveyed by Albert Silvertop of Stella, the younger, to Charles Atkinson 
of Newcastle, hostman, to secure an annuity of £'40 per annum and the 
repayment of the sum of ^400.' The estate has been enlarged by successive 
purchases of contiguous farms, by an allotment of 758 acres made to George 
Silvertop on the enclosure of Bolbec common, and by the purchase in 1800 
from Mr. George Baker of Crook of the manorial rights of the barony of 

The fortunes of the Silvertop^ family seem to have been laid by 
Albert Silvertop the elder, who, in the early part of the eighteenth century, 
resided at Stella house ^ and acted as agent to the titular Lord Widdrington, 
whose royalty in Stella township he leased and worked. His son, George 
Silvertop, was one of the lessees in 1752 of the Bishop of Durham for 
the working of coal in the Grand Lease royalty in the parish of Ryton, in 
which lease he was associated with Sir Henry Vane, bart.. Sir Walter 
Blackett, bart.. Dean Marley, and others, his share being one-seventh. 
From his co-lessees he took a sub-lease of certain collieries in the 
neighbourhood of Greenside. In 1761, with Lord Widdrington, he 
commenced to lead coals from Bush-blades colliery on the Derwent ; he 
was also one of the proprietors of the royalty of Winlaton lordship ; when 
Blaydon Main colliery was commenced in 1779, his share was about a 
sixteenth. George Silvertop died in 1789, and was succeeded by his son 
John, who continued to work his father's collieries, and in conjunction with 
them the royalty of Chopwell, belonging to Earl Cowper.* 

' Deeds enrolled at Quarter Sessions in the custody of the Clerk of the Peace. 

- Minsteracres, 27th August, iSoi. John Silvertop, escj., lord of the barony of Bolebeck alias 
Bulbeck, gives public notice of his intention to perambulate the boundaries and limits of the said barony 
and manor, such perambulation to commence on Monday 28th September next, at Eddissbridge, in the 
parish of Shotley, from thence to proceed to the river Darwent, and to continue till the whole of the 
boundaries and limits shall be ridden. Local newspapers, Bell Collection. 

^ The name is an old Northumberland one. Two .Silvertops made a raid on the goods of Gilbert de 
Umframvill at Birtley in the middle of the fourteenth century in company with William Heron, Roger 
Widdrington, and William Swinburne. Cf. Bates' Northumberland, p. 174 

' Cf. Bourn, Hist, of Par. of Rytoii (1896), p. 81. 

' Ex inf. 1900, Mr. J. B. Simpson of Bradley hall. 




AkmS : Argent on a fess gules between three granadoes sable fired 
I'roper a plate. Crest : A tiger^s bead erased argent struck through 
the neck with a broken lance proper. Granted to George Silvertop 
of Minsteracres, 12th May, 1758. 

Anne Silvertop of Ryton-town, widow, buried at Ryton, 27th April, 
160S (a). 

Margaret Silvertop of Blaydon, buried 3rd December, 1678 (a). 

Mary Silvertop of Blaydon, buried i5th August, 1680 (a). 

William Silvertop of Blaj'don in the 
parish of Ryton, drowned in the 
Tyne, 27th May, buried 28th May, 
1682 («). 

Albert Silvertop of : 
Stella in the parish 
of Ryton, born Feb., 
1667 (a). In a deed 
dated 29th August, 
1738, called 'the 
elder.' Buried in 
Ryton chancel, 14th 
Feb., 1738/9 («) ; 
will dated 21st June, 
1736, pr. 27th Feb., 

1738/9 W- 

Ann, dau. of . 
Galley (e). 

Robert Silvertop of Blaydon, bur. 15th April, 1705 (a). 

Mary, baptised 13th July, 1684 (a). 
Elizabeth, baptised 4th November, 1688 (a). 

Mary, daughter of 
Joseph Dunn of 
Blaydon, mar. 
23rd May, 1703 
(f); died ... June, 
17560); buried 
at St. Nicholas' 
church, New- 
castle ; will da- 
ted 20th Oct., 
1750, pr. nth 
Oct., 1757 {e) ; 
mentions her 
seven children 


William Silvertop of Blyth Link-house ; 
will dated 27th March, 1722, pr. 6th 
Nov. of same year : executors — ' my 
brothers Albert Silvertop and Joseph 
Dunn ' ((i) (»0- t 

[Ann J Dunn of Alice, mar. 15th 
of Blaydon Oct., 1706, 
(^) ; ? [bur. Thomas 
7th April, Maughan 
1706 (a)]. (a). 

I I I I 
Robert Silvertop, eldest son, 

living 1722 ; will dated 

14th November, 1764, proved 

1765 W. 
William, buried 25th December, 1705 («). 
Albert, buried l8th January, 1705/6 («). 
Ann, buried 2nd February, 1705/6 (a). 

Isabel, married George Sur- 
tees of Gateshead ; bond 
of marriage, nth April, 

Bridget, dau. of Henry : 
Whittingham of Whit- 
tingham, co. Lancaster, 
living 17th April, 1758 

: George Silvertop of Stella, born = Jane, dau. of Charles Selby of Earle,]: and wife, first 

22nd Feb., 1705 (c) ; purchased 
Minsteracres about 1739; died at 
Stella, loth, buried 14th March, 
1789 (a), aged 85. 

of William Ormston of Hendersyde, near Kelso, 
and secondly of Michael Pearson of West Matfen. 
Her third marriage took place at Ryton, 19th Jan., 
1785 («) ; died at Wooler, loth December, i8o8, 
aged 76. 

Joseph Silvertop of Gateshead, 
born 2 1 St May, 1708 (?) ; 
apprenticed 25th March, 
1724, to William Carr of 
Gateshead, merchant and 
tallow chandler, and was ad- 
mitted free of the Drapers' 
Company, 3rd June, 1731 ; 
buried l6th May, 1758 {d) ; 
will dated 17th April, 1758, 
pr. 14th June, 1758 (jk). 

Mary, dau. of Henry 
Whittingham of 

AVhittingham, co. 
Lancaster. Bond of 
mar.. May 2nd, 1739; 
died at her house 
in Pilgrim St., New- 
castle, 2gth JuneCy); 
bur. 1st July, 1767 
(rf) ; will pr. by her 
two daughters, 20th 
May, 176S (-K). 

! Mill 

Albert Silvertop Dorothy, mar. James Gibson of Stagshaw 

of Stella, § ' the close house ^i, (<•). 

younger,' 29th Mary, buried 23rd September, 1777 (0- 

of August, 1738, Eleanor, died at her house in Rosemary 

afterward of New- Lane, Newcastle, 30th June (i) ; bur. 

castle, of the Uni- 2nd July, 1781 (c). 

versity of Leyden, Anne, died unmar. ; buried 27th Decem- 

and died 31st Oct., ber, 1764 (t) ; will dated 19th January, 

bur. 2nd Nov., 1790 1764, pr. 1765 (nt). 

(c), aged 87, unmar.; Jane (query a nun), died at Dunkirk 

will dated 31st Jan., (/i). 
1782, pr. 1790 («). 




Albert, buried 17th Elizabeth 
June 1746 ((/). of Blay 

, mar. 15th Jan., 1773, Joseph Dunn 
don Qi) ; living 1782 (m). 
± ' 

Bridget, died 17th June, bur. 20tli June, 1 790 (/); will 
dated igth Apr., 1790, pr. 13th Nov. following (»i). 

buried in 
6th Feb., 
1737/8 («). 

buried in 
19th Feb., 
1746/7 («)■ 


buried in 
23rd .Apr., 
1750 («). 

John Silvertop of Minsteracres, only ^ Catherine, dau. of 

surviving son and heir; born at Stella 

1748. Articles before marriage 

I2th and 13th June. 1772 ; sometime 
of Benwell-house, Newcastle ; died 
26th Dec, 1801, aged 52 (a) ; seised 
of estates at Minsteracres, Ponteland 
and Winlaton, and of the barony of 
Bolbeck which he had purchased 
shortly before his death ; buried in 
Ryton chancel, 29th December, 1801 
(rt) ; will dated 24th January, 1801, 
proved 14th Jan., 1802 (»0- II 

Henry Lawson 
of Brough ; mar. 
at St. George's, 
Bloomsbury, 15th 
June, 1772 (/i) ; 
succeeded to the 
estates of Maire 
of Lartington in 
181 1 (f), and as- 
sumed the name 
of Maire (^); bur. 
31st Oct., 1S32, 
aged 86 (a). 

Catherine, bur. in Ryton 

chancel 2;th Sept., 

Mary, mar, at Bywell, 
1754, to Sir Thomas 
Haggerston of Hag- 
gerston, bart., and died 
at Reading, 14th May, 

1773 (^)- 
Winefred, married John 
Wright of Kelvedon, 
Essex, and died 12th 
August, 1780 (0- 

George Silvertop of 
Minsteracres, bom at 
Benwell, 6th Jan., 1774 
(c) ; educated at Douay 
and at Old Hall Green, 
near London ; High 
Sheriff of Northumber- 
land in 1831 ; died un- 
mar. at Minsteracres, 
'after a well-spent life,' 
20th Feb., 1849; buried 
at Ryton, 26th of same 
month (a). 

John Henry Thomas Sil- 

Silvertop, vertop, born 28th 

born 3rd Ma}', 1779 (Oi of 

August, Lartington, county 

1777 (') : York, Jure uxoris ; 

died 9th, whoinNov.,i8o2,by 

bur. nth Roy. Lie, assumed 

April, thenameof AVitham, 

1793 (")■ of Cliffe ; High 

Sheriff for Durham, 

1844 ; died 28th 

Nov., 1S44. 

=: Eliza, dau. Charles Silvertop, born l6th Jan., 1781 

of Thomas («) ; apprenticed 4th Jan., 1798, to 

Witham of Alex. Adams of Newcastle, Hoast- 

Headlam, man ; afterwards a Captain, 14th 

andiniSo2 Light Dragoons, and a Colonel in 

niece and the Spanish service ; obtained Roy. 

heiress of Lie. 29th July, 1816, to accept and 

William wear the Supernumerary Cross of 

Witham of the Order of Charles HI., which had 

Cliffe,mar. been bestowed upon him by Ferdin- 

30th Dec, and VU. for distinguished services 

1800; died at Barrosa and Usagre. Died at 

15th Nov., Rennes in Brittany loth June, 1839. II 










Henry John 


= Anne 

Witham of 





dau. of 

born 17th 

born 1 8th 


July, 1802 
(0 ; died 
20th Aug., 

1804 W ; 
died s.p., 





Sept. 20th, 


I I I I ^ , ! . 

George W itham of Lartington, born Catherine 
gth Oct., 1805 (<■) ; capt. 68th Witham, 

Light Infantry ; died unmarried, born 9th 

8th September, 1.S47 («). June, 

Thomas Edward Witham, born 6th 1801 (<■); 

Dec, 1S06 (e); in holy orders in married 

the Church of Rome, afterwards Henry 

of Lartington, where he died Englefield. 
4th December, 1897. 

Charles James, born gth July, 1810 4- 

(e)\ died young (X). 

Alfred Oswin, died young. 

\ \ \ \ 

Maria, born Sth September, 1803 (^) ; 
died young (X). 

Emma Seraphina Mary, born 24th 
May, 1809 (f) ; married 24th 
November, 1S41, William Dunn 
of Hedgefield. co. Durham. 

Elizabeth Mary, born 32nd October, 
181 1 (e) ; a nun. 

Winefred Mary Anne, born February 
8th, 1813 (<) ; married September 
23rd, 1834, Gerard Salvin of 

Henry Englefield, died at Rome 22nd December, : 
1843, aged 41 (0). 

: Catherine Witham, born gth June, 1801 {e) ; married at 
Edinburgh July, 1824 («). 

Hon. Eliza Stonor, = Henry Charles Englefield, born 12th Oct, =: Caroline Philomena 

dau. of Thomas, 
3rd Lord Camoys; 
married at Stonor 
24th Aug, 1852 ; 
died 24th July, 

1826, grand - nephew and devisee of 
George Silvertop of Minsteracres, under 
the provisions of whose will he assumed 
the name and arms of Silvertop. 

dau. of Edward 
Joseph Weld of 
Lulworth; married 
2 1 St Aug., 1862. 



I I I I 
Agnes, mar. 



Arthur Edward Silvertop, Henrietta \'iolet 

lieutenant R.N., born Mary. Mary. 

29th Nov., 1877. 

Mabel Frances, married at Brompton Oratory 
nth July, 1901, Lieut.-Col. Gilbert 



Henry Thomas Silvertop of Minster- = Rachel Mary Josephine, dan. George Edward Silvertop, born 25th Agnes Mary, 

nrres. snn and heir, born ivth Oct.. of Alexander McDonnell of March, 1856, in holy orders of a nun. 

Kilmore, co. Antrim ; mar. the Church of Rome, in igoo 

19th June, 1882. stationed at Long Horsley. 

acres, son and heir, born 17th Oct. 
1853; died 17th Dec, 1893, bur. 
at Minsteracres ; will dated 3rd 
May, 1S92. 

I I I I I 

Francis Somerled Silvertop, son and heir ; William Alexander, born loth December, 1884. 

now of Minsteracres and Lartington ; Charles Randal, born 22nd .\pril, iSSg. 

born 1st August, 1883. Margaret Mary. Elise Mary. 

t In i7i7William Silvertop was tenant of Lady Mary Radcliffe's lands at BIyth ]>iook.— Register of Ruman Catholic 

t This is the third time this lady has been before the altar in the character of a bride, and there has been some- 
thing remarkable on each of her three connubial engagements. Her first husband was a Quaker, her second husband a 
Protestant of the Established Church, and her third a Roman Catholic. Every husband was twice her age, at sixteen 
she married a gentleman of thirty-two, at thirty she took one of sixty, and now at forty she is united to a gentleman of 
^\^Ky-iom.— Gentleman 5 Magazine, February, 1785. (Her portrait in oils is now (igoo) with Mrs. Selby of Earle, 
near Wooler.) 

§ At Rosemary Lane, Newcastle, aged 87, Mr. Albert Silvertop, uncle to John Silvertop, esq., of Minsteracres. 
As a young man he studied under the great Boerhaave, and by his direction took an emetic which deprived him of the 
use of his "eyes, which he was never able to recover. — Newcastle Papers, November, 1790. 

II 1839, June loth, at Rennes in Brittany, after a short illness of inflammation of the lungs. Colonel Charles 
Silvertop, Kn'ight of the Order of Charles the Third, late captain in Her Majesty's regiment, the 14th Light Dragoons; 
author of Tracts on the Geology of the South of Spain ; and third and youngest son of the late John Silvertop of Minster- 
acres, Esq. — Newcastle Papers, 22nd June, 1839. 

(«) Rvton Register. (/) Newcastle Courant, 4th July, 1767. (^) MS. pedigree by Mr. Surtees. 

(J,) Durham Proliate Regutrv. (^) /iirf., 22nd May, 1773. (/) Bell Collection. 

(cS Register of St. John, N.C. (h) «!fl'., 20th June, 1772. («;) Sharp, 7"«/. Z>««f/m. 

(^d) Gateshead Register. 0) //5«V., 7th July, 1781. («) Newcastle Papers, 3rd Aug., 1824. 

(c) Surtees Durham, vol. i. p. 52. O') ^^"^-^ 5'h June, 1756. (u) Ibid., 20th January, 1844. 

Evidences to Silvertop Pedigree. 

1722, March 27th. Will of William Silvertop of [illegible] : I appoint my brothers Albert Silvertop and 
Joseph Dunn to act as trustees for the bringing up of my childer and further to allow my eldest son a full share in 
proportion to the rest of my childer. My trustees to dispose of my farms, houses, household goods and chattels, and 
to take care to discharge every body I owe as far as my effects will realize. Proved 1722. Durham Probate Registry. 

1750, October 20th. Will of Mary Silvertop of Newcastle, widow : My seven children, George, Joseph, Albert, 
Dorothy, wife of James Gibson of Stagshaw-house, Mary, Elinor, and Anne. My son Albert sole executor. Proved 
October Ilth, 1757. Sharp, Test. Dunelm. 

1757, July i6th. Will of John Silvertop of ' Deary ' house, Earsdon, yeoman : My two granddaughters. Ibid. 

1758, April 17th. Will of Joseph Silvertop of Gateshead, merchant : My brother, George Silvertop of Stella, 
esq. ; my wife Mary Silvertop ; my daughters, Bridget and Elizabeth ; my sisters, Mary, Helen, and Jane ; 
my brother Albert ; Bridget, wife of my brother George Silvertop, and their son John ; William Clavering and 
Catherine, his wife. Proved June 14th, 1758. Ibid. 

1782, January 31st. Will of Albert Silvertop of Newcastle: My nephew George Gibson of Corbridge ; my 
niece, Elizabeth wife of Joseph Dunn, and her sister, Bridget Silvertop ; to Mary Ratcliff, i'lo ; to Mrs. Mary Stuart 
of Edinburgh, /5 ; my nephew George Dunn. Residue to my nephew John Silvertop of Benwell-house, esq. 
Proved April i6th, 1790. Had. 

1790, April 19th. Will of Bridget Silvertop of Newcastle, spinster : To the younger children of the late Mr. 
George Gibson, ;f 200 ; to Catherine Witham, spinster ; Dorothy Selby, spinster ; and Mary Wilkinson ; my brother 
Joseph Dunn ; my nephew George Dunn ; George Silvertop of Minsteracres. Proved November 13th, 1790. Ibid. 

1801, January 24th. Will of John Silvertop of Minsteracres, esq. : I give my barony, manors, lordships, etc., to 
Sir John Lawson of Brough, bart., Henry Maire of Lartington, esq., and John Wright of Kelvedon hall, Essex, 
esq., in trust to pay my wife Catherine Silvertop, .^400 per annum. Settlement on George Silvertop my son and heir 
and his heirs male, remainder to my son Henry in tail male, remainder to my son Charles in tail male, etc. The 
indenture made June 12th and 13th, 1772, between my father George Silvertop, esq., and me, being the settlement on 
my marriage. I have already provided for my son Henry on his marriage, December 30th last. I give ;f6,ooo to my 
son John. Ibid. 

Vol. VL 28 


Being thus extensively engaged in mercantile pursuits, and having 
shDitly before his death in iSoi purchased the manorial rights of the barony 
of Bolbec and a large estate at Ponteland, a private Act of Parliament ' 
was obtained in 1802 to sell the Ponteland and Winlaton estates for the 
payment of his debts, which amounted to over ^^57,000, and to defray 
the legacies and annuities given by his will. The Minsteracres estate, 
comprising Unthank, Crooked-oak, Cronkley, Newfield, and Millshields, 
was stated to contain an area of over two thousand acres with an 
annual rental of ;^i,i6o, besides a hundred acres of woodlands worth ;^40 
per acre. 

Of the greatly respected George Silvertop, the son and heir of John 
Silvertop, and one of the leading men of the district, a true gentleman of 
a school now extinct, an admirable biographical sketch may be found in Mr. 
Richard Welford's Men of Mark ' twixt Tyne and Tweed. Born at Benwell 
house on 6th January, 1775, he was educated at Douay and at Old Hall 
Green, near London ; he succeeded his father in 1801, but seems to have 
gradually withdrawn in a large measure from the commercial undertakings of 
the family. When travelling on the continent in 18 14, he visited Napoleon, 
then interned at Elba. Shortly afterwards, he was selected by Lord Liverpool 
to be the medium of unofficial communications between Great Britain and 
the Roman See in matters affecting the condition of Roman Catholics. In 
the year following the passing of the Roman Catholic Relief Act of 1829, he 
was appointed Sheriff of Northumberland, the first member of his church 
who had occupied that ancient office since the reign of William and Mary." 
He was solicited, but declined, to become a candidate for election as knight 
of the shire, and died unmarried at Minsteracres after a well-spent life, 
February 20th, 1849. 

The mansion house at Minsteracres was apparently built on a new site 
by John Silvertop in the second half of the eighteenth century. It is within 
the 800 feet contour line, is protected by extensive plantations of well 
grown forest trees and rare ornamental timber, and approached by an 

' 42 Geo. III. (1801-1802) cap. 68. Act for vesting the settled estates of George Silvertop, esq., in 
Pont Island and Winlaton in trustees to be sold, and for applying the money to pay the debts and 
legacies of John Silvertop, esq., deceased ; for annexing the rectory and tythes of Bywell St. Peter, held 
by lease for twenty-one years, to the uses of the will of John Silvertop, and for vesting in the said George 
Silvertop several shares in the collieries of Stella, Kyofield, Chopuell, and parish of Ryton, heretofore 
belonging to the said John Silvertop, and for enabling the said George Silvertop to charge the estates 
with ^5,000 and for vesting his estate of Minsteracres in trustees to certain uses. 

'' Cf. Memoir in the Gateshead Observer, 24th February, 1849. 


avenue of large and healthy Wellingtonias ; there are some very picturesque 
old oaks scattered to the north of the house. It was enlarged in 1867 
and contains many treasures of art in painting, sculpture, carving, and 
tapestry. In the gardens are three uninscribed Roman altars, brought 
from Ebchester. Connected with the house by a covered passage or 
cloister is a chapel of which the foundation stone was laid September 
13th, 1852, to replace an oratory. It is dedicated to St. Elizabeth and 
contains a vault in which are deposited the remains of members of- the 
family who have died since the erection of the chapel. 

Two tenements at Wennaince-hill, parcel of the possessions of John 
Swinburne, attainted, were granted to Sir John Forster, knight, on June 17th, 
1574, on a twenty-one years' lease ; one of them comprised 15 acres and was 
in the tenure of John Wilkinson, the other comprised 48 acres and was in 
the tenure of George and John Armstrong. This lease was subsequently 
surrendered for a new lease granted on June 26th, 1594, for a similar term. 
It was covenanted that the tenant should serve in the northern parts when 
need should arise, either by himself or by sufficient able men with horse and 
warlike apparel ; he was also at his own charges to dig and make dikes 
and quickset hedges round the premises, according to directions to be given 
him from time to time by the steward of the court [i.e., of Bywell) or 
other lawful authority.' John Wilkinson's tenement at Wennance-hill, 
containing about 15 acres and of the yearly rent of 20s., was granted 
with other places to George Salter of the parish of St. Dunstan, and John 
Williams of the parish of St. Peter le Poore on September 27th, 1610, 
to be held of the king as of the manor of East Greenwich by fealty in 
free and common socage.' 

Under the style of Windshill, this place was rated to George Wilkinson 
in 1663 at ^6 per annum; subsequently it was acquired by the Claverings' 
of Axwell and Greencroft. Under the provisions of the will of George 
Clavering of Greencroft, dated 1793, and of the will of Sir Thomas Clavering 
of Axwell, dated 1794, Winnowshill and other estates ultimately devolved 
upon Sir William Aloysius Clavering as heir in tail, who in 1854 executed a 
deed of disentailer. The estate, which comprises over 900 acres, was sold 
in 1899 by the daughters and co-heiresses of Sir Henry Clavering, the last 

' Pat. Rolls, 36 Elizabeth, pt. 9. - Pnt. Rolls, S James I. pt. 39. 

' In 1748 Thomas Clavering of Newcastle voted in respect of lands at Winnowshill. Poll Book. 



baronet of his line, and by ihcir representatives to Mrs. Adam Little, then of 
Mousen, near Belford, whose husband' was formerly tenant of the farm. 

A plot of ground 
obtained from the 
Claverings to provide 
a burial ground" is 
one of the few rem- 
nants of the Society of 
Friends on Derwent- 
side. George Fox 
travelled through the 
district in 1653, and 
notes in his Jojirnal 
that he came from 
Anthony Pearson's 
(a justice who had 
joined the Friends), 
who lived near West 
Auckland, by 'Darren 
water,' and had great 
meetings on the way 
and at Hexham. In the Records of the Society there are reports of the 
attendance of representatives from the Derwent-side meeting for many years, 
but during the nineteenth century the meeting at Winnowshill ceased to be 
held, and Quakerism died out there.' The care of the graveyard was taken 
over from the Cumberland Friends by those at Newcastle in iS/b,'' who 
pay an annual rent of ids. for it. 

' Mr. Adam Little is a son of the late Mr. Robert Little of Harewood-shield, in Hexhamshire, by his 
wife, the late Jane Davidson Little, who was a daughter of Richard Davidson of Swinnie, near Jedburgh. 
Richard Little's brother, John Davidson of Hyndlee, an extensive sheep farmer on the Scottish Border, 
was the prototype of Sir Walter Scott's ' Dandie Dinmont ' in Gin' Mannering. Ex inf. Mr. L. C. Lockhart. 

- The Register of the Society of Friends shows that fifty-tiiiee persons were buried at Winnowshill 
between the years 1718 and 1877. The list comprises persons named Beck, Blenk, Bewment, Brambles, 
Crozier, Dickinson, Foster, Hutchinson, Keenlyside, Lee, Makepiece, March, Nixon, Taylor, Watson, 
Westgarth, and Wilkinson. 

^ 1776, 29th, 5th month : 'As Friends of Darwent are now deprived of their usual meeting house, this 
meeting have petitioned Thomas Clavering for liberty to have some suitable convenience at VVinnishill. 
Anthony Watson and Joseph Watson are here desired to wait upon him in order to treat with him for 
the same.' 1776, 27th, 6th month: 'Anthony Watson and Josepli Watson reported here that they had 
waited on Thomas Clavering relating to a place for a meeting house at Winnoshill, and he appeared to 
be willing to forward Friends with everything in his power,' etc. 

Extracted from the minute books of the Society of Friends, and communicated b\- Mr. David 
Richardson. The Winnowshill meeting was discontinued in 1823, there being onlv one member left. 

•£;i:jh/. Mr. J. W. Steel. 




On June 5th, 106 1, in the presence of an assembly of bishops and 
magnates gathered together at Lillebonne, Hugh de Bolbec, Roger Porchet, 
Walter Fifeland, William Duncins, and Adam de Raphetot, all of them 
having rights in the place, granted the church of Bolbec, now in the 
Department of Seine Inferieure, with the tithes of the mills and sheep- 
walks of Bolbec, to the abbot and convent of Bernay.' This place in 
Normandy was the cradle of the race of the Norman knight upon whom 
Henry I. conferred one of the baronies which, by the policy of the Crown, 
were created out of the wide lands that had once belonged to the official 
earldom of Northumberland. The barony so created, although sometimes 
designated by its ancient Anglian name of Styford, is more generally 
known under the description of the barony of Bolbec. It comprised 
the home manors or vills of Bearl, Broomhaugh (with Riding and Lee), 
Shotley (with Blanchland and Newbiggin), Slaley, Styford, and a moiety 
of Bywell ; and also the widely separated manors of Heddon-on-the-Wall, 
East Heddon, West Heddon, Houghton, Whitchester, Eachwick, Benwell, 
Fenwick, Hawkwell, East Matfen, Angerton, Middleton Morel, South 
Middleton, Harnham, Shafto, Cambo, Kirk-harle, Hartington, Hawick, 
Rothley, Wallington, Thornton, Newton grange, and Brunton.' The home 
manors, vills or townships of Bearl, Blanchland, Broomhaugh, Nev/biggin, 
Riding, Shotley, Styford, and a moiety of Bywell were, for ecclesiastical 
purposes, grouped in the parish of Bywell St. Andrew, which also includes 
the township of Stocksfield in the barony of Baliol. From ancient times 
Slaley has formed a parochial chapelry appurtenant to St. Andrew's parish. 

' Archives of the Department of Eure ; Cal. of Doc. Pres. in France: ]. H. Round, vol. i. p. 137. 
Mr. Round, in his article on 'The Companions of the Conqueror' {Monthly Revieii.:, June, 1901, p. 98), 
writes that the 'Norman home' of Hugh de Bolbec 'was at Bolbec, a village near the mouth of the 
Seine, from which Hugh's descendants, the earls of Oxford, assumed a peerage title.' For an account 
of the family of Bolbec of Buckinghamshire, see Dugdale, Baronage, vol. i. p. 451. 

-■ Testa iie NcviU, p. 382. 


The Rev. John Hodgson,' following Dugdale, states that the christian 
name of the person npon whom the barony was conferred was Hugh ; but 
in all probability his name was Walter. The evidence is scanty, being 
confined chiefly to entries in the Durham Liber Vtiae, extended by notices 
in a roll which contains the obits of Newminster abbey. In the first of 
these authorities occur the names of Walter de Bolbec H. and Sibilla 
his wife; of his father Walter de Bolbec I. and his mother Helvwis; of his 
brother Hugh de Bolbec ; and of his sons Walter de Bolbec HI. and Hugh 
de Bolbec." Walter de Bolbec H. confirmed the grant of Newton grange, 
made to the abbot and convent of Newminster bv James de Bolum,' and 
was dead before 1165, when, for his soul and for those of his ancestors, 
Walter de Bolbec HI. founded the abbev of Blanchland ; the foundation 
charter was attested by his mother Sibilla, and his brother Hugh.' It was 
probably Walter de Bolbec III. who granted to the prior and convent of 
Brinkburn half a marc per annum, to be paid out of the mill at Harle,* and 
who gi-anted the hermitage of IMerchenley to the abbot and convent of 
Kelso.'^ He was living about the year 1166, when he certified Henry II. 
that he held his barony by the service of four and a half knight's fees of 
ancient feoffment.' 

Later in the century Walter de Bolbec III. granted the manors and 
vills of Matfen, Fenwick, Thornton, Angerton, Heddon and Brunton to 
William de Insula (de Lisle), who is described as his 'man.'* Walter died 
without issue, and was succeeded by his brother, Hugh de Bolbec I., of 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 239. 

' Walterus de Bolebech | Sibilla uxor ejus j Walterus de Bolebech pater ejus | Helvwis mater ejus | 
Hugo de Boleb' frater ejus | Walt' et Hugo fil' ejus. Liber Vitac Dunelm.; Stevenson, p. loi. Surt. 
Soc. No. 13. 

'Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, pp. 300, 301. Surt. Soc. No. 66. 

' Dugdale, Monasticon (ed. Caley), vol. vi. p. 886. 

' brinkburn Chartulary, Page, p. 186. Surt. Soc. No. 90. 

'Liber de Calchou, vol. i. pp. 219, 222. Ballatyne Club. 

' Liber Niger Scaccarii ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. iii. p. 302. The Testa de Nevill 
(p. 382) says the barony was held by the service oifive knight's fees. 

' Walterus de Bolebeck . . . omnibus probis hominibus et amicis suis Francis et .•\nglis salutem. Notum 
sit vobis omnibus me reddidisse et concessisse atque hac carta mea confirmasse in feodo et hereditate 
Willelmo de Insula homini meo et heredibus suis ad tenendam de me et heredibus meis terram illam 
quam pater mens pro servitio suo donavit ei, scilicet Mattfen, Fenwick, Thorntune, .'Angerton, Hideuine, 
Burntune, per rectas divisas in bosco et prato cum saca et soca etc. Praeterea sciant omnes me postea 
dedisse huic Willelmo militi servitium Ernaldi filii .A.delini, cum Haucwelle et Berehill, etc. Test. 
Ricardo priore de Hextildesham [died before 11 78], Jacobo de Bolum, Gillelmo filio suo, Roberto 
de Grai, et Roberto filio suo, Roberto de Bilestre et .^da filio suo. Ex cartis Roberti Lyell de 
Felton arm. Dodsworth MSS. Ixviii. folio 176, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, 'X,' p. 222. 


whom little is known except that he married Margery de Muntfichet, who, 
ultimately, was co-heiress of the estates of her brother, Richard de 
Muntfichet/ Hugh de Bolbec I. was succeeded by his eldest son, Walter 
de Bolbec IV., who, dying in his minority, was followed by Hugh de 
Bolbec n., a man of great power and position on the borders in the 
earlier half of the thirteenth century. 

On May loth, 1222, the sheriff of Northumberland was ordered to take 
with him Hugh de Bolbec, the bishop of Durham, Richard de UmframVill, 
Roger de Merley, and other discreet and loyal knights of the shire as 
he should see fit, and proceed to ' Witelawe,' on the marches between 
England and Scotland, to investigate a complaint made by Robert de Ros 
and the prior of Kirkham of a purpresture or encroachment made upon 
England." About the 13th of October following, Hugh de Bolbec wrote to 
the king that he with others had met the Scottish Commissioners at 
Revedene-burn (Ridingburn), in order to make a perambulation between 
Carham and Hawden, but that no agreement had been come to.'^ Hugh 
de Bolbec was sheriff of the county in 1220, in 1236,'' and apparently again 
in 1241.^ He was appointed one of the justices for an assize of novel 
disseisin to be held in Newcastle, at Easter, 1229;® in 1236 he was 
' custos ' of the king of Scotland's lands in Tyndale,' and in the same 
year he was one of the northern lords appointed to receive Alexander, 
king of Scotland, and to accompanv him to York, where he was to meet 
Henry HI., to discuss terms of peace.'* On March 28th, 1258, he was 
summoned to meet the king at Chester, not later than a week before 
Midsummer, to take part in an expedition into Wales. ° 

' Inq.p.m. Ricardi de Munfichet, 51 Hen. III. No. 46. Inq. p.m. Avelinae quae fuit uxor Edmundi 
fratris regis, 3 Edw. I. No. 31. Calendiwiuin Gencalogicuin, pp. 127, 224. 

' Close Rolls, 6 Hen. HI. pt. i. memb. 1 1. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot., Bain, vol. i. p. 147. 

' Royal Letters, No. 858; Royal and other Hist. Letters, Shirley, vol. i. p. 186, Rolls series. 

■' P.R.O. Lists and Indexes, No. i.x. Lists of Sheriffs, etc., p. 97. 

' Britikbiiru Chartulary, Page, p. 116; Surt. Soc. No. go. 

" Pat. Rolls, 13 Hen. III. m. 10 dorso. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 190. 

' Pipe Rolls, 21 Hen. III. rot. i. dorso. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 237. 

" Close Rolls, 21 Hen. III. memb. 4 dorso. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 245. 

•' Close Rolls, 42 Hen. III. memb. 10, dorso. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 412. 




Arms : IVr/ a lion rampant argent. 
Hugh de Bolbec of Bolbec in Normandy, livin<j 51I1 June, 1061. 
AValter de Bolbec I., ' pater ejus,' Liber Vitae (rt); [upon = Helvwis, ' mater ejus,' 

whom Henry I. (1100-1135) conferred the barony 
of Bolbec]. 

Liher Vitae {a). 

Walter de Bolbec H., named in the Liher Vitae - 

(a) ; for whose soul his son Walter gave the 
church of Heddon to the abbot and convent of 
Blanchland ; he and his son Walter confirmed 
Newton to the abbot and convent of Newminster 
(//) ; he also gave a rent charge to the prior and 
convent of Brinkburn (/;). 

:Sibilla . . . , 'uxor ejus,' /»■<«• 
Vitae (3) ; called ' domina 
mea et matre ' in her 
son's foundation charter of 
Blanchland; living 1 165 


Hugh de Bolbec 'frater ejus,' Liher Vitae (a). 

Walter de Bolbec HI., ' filius ejus,' Liher 
Vitae («) ; the founder of Blanchland abbey 
in 1 165 (c). 

Hugh de Bolbec I., ' filius ejus,' Liher ■. 
J'itae (a); a witness to his brother's 
charter to Blanchland. 

Margery, dau. of Richard de Mun- 
fichet and sister and co-heir of 
Richard de Munfichet (/(). 


Walter de Bolbec IV., 
survived his father 
and died in his 
minority («). 

Hugh de Bolbec II., lord of the barony of ^ Theophania ,'dominus Hugh de Bol- 

Bolbec, sheriff of Northumberland, 1 221, 
1236 Qg), and 1241 (/;) ; died circa 1262 Qe). 

bee, Theophania, uxor ejus,' Ohits of New- 
minster (a) ; living at Angerton with her 
daughter Maud 7th Nov., 1262 («). 

Walter de Bolbec, son and heir, married at = Mary, a/ias Margaret, daughter 
Morpeth, 6th Febraary, 1253, and at the and co-heir of Roger de 

church door endowed his wife with lands Merley, born about 1236 ; re- 

at Doddington and Nesbit ; died s./>. married before 1256 to William 

before 1256 (rf). de Greystoke. 

Hugh de Bolbec, who confirmed 
to the abbot and convent of 
Newminster the gnint of 
Rothly(a); died in his father's 

Philippa, eldest dau. and co-heir ; 
married Roger de Lancaster, 
and was 23 years of age at 
the date of her father's inquisi- 
tion (c) ; she died about 
1294 (/). 4, 

Margery, second dau. and co-heir ; 
mar. 1st Nicholas Corbet of Stanton, 
and was 21 years of age at the tak- 
ing of her father's inquisition (f) ; 
he died before the year 1282, in 
which year she remar. Ralph fitz 
William de Greystoke. ^, 

Alice, third dau. and co- 
heir ; married Walter 
de Huntercomb, and 
was 17 years of age at 
the taking of her 
father's inquisition(«); 
died s.p. 

Maud, fourth dau. and 
co-heir ; unmarried 
7th Nov., T 262, aged 
13 years (;) ; mar. 
1st Robert Beumys, 
and 2nd Hugh f)e- 
laval ; died s./>. 

(a) Durham Liher Vitae, Stevenson, p. loi ; Sun. Soc. 

No. 13. 
(16) Newminster Chartulary, Fowler, p. 301 ; Surt. Soc. 

No. 66. 
(c) Dugdale, Monasticon, ed. Caley, vol. vi. p. 886. 
{d) Northumberland Assise Roll, 4 Hen. II., Page, pp. 55, 

56, 40S ; Surt. Soc. No. 88. 
(<r) Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Bolebek, 46 Hen. III. No. 25. 

Writ dated 23rd October, 1262 ; extent of lands 

taken 7th November of same year. 
(/) Inq. p.m. Philippae uxoris Rog. de Lancaster, 

22 Hdw. I. No. 25. 

(,?•) Lists of Sheriffs for England and Wales; P.R.O. 
Lists and Indexes, No. ix. 

(^) Brinkhurn Chartulary, Page, pp. 1 16, 186 ; Surt. Soc. 
No. go. 

(X) This marriage is proved by Inq. p.m. Avelinae quae 
fuit uxor Edmundi fratris regis, 3 Edw. I, No. 
31 ; by which the four daughters of Hugh de 
Bolbec were found co-heirs of their second 
cousin .\velina de Fortibus, wife of Edmund, earl 
of Lancaster, the king's brother.— Crt/. Gen. vol. i. 
pp. 127, 224. 


Hugh de Bolbec II.' had issue two sons and four daughters. His 
eldest son Walter was married at Morpeth, on February 6th, 1253, to Mary 
or Margaret, daughter of Roger de Merley,' but died soon afterwards. 
His young widow was re-married in or before 1256 to William de Grey- 
stoke, when she released to her father-in-law the lands at Doddintrton and 
Nesbit, with which her first husband had endowed her at the church door on 
the day of their marriage.' The second son Hugh, who confirmed to the 
abbot and convent of Newminster the grant of Rothley, made by his father 
and mother, also died in his father's lifetime.* 

Hugh de Bolbec II. died in 1262, in which year, on the Tuesday after 
Martinmas, an inquisition was taken at Styford before the escheator of 
Northumberland, when it was found that at the time of his death he was 
seised, with other estates, of the following demesne lands at Stvford, viz. : 
four carucates, each of which comprised 105 acres, worth 6d. an acre; 20 
acres of meadow, worth I2d. an acre, or ^11 los. in all; the courtyard 
{curtilagiimi) and garden were worth I2d. ; the pannage in ordinary years, 
5s. ; profit of charcoal {appniamcntum carboniun) in the woods of Styford, 
6s. 8d. ; offerings in the chapel of Styford, in ordinary years, I2d. The mill 
was worth 10 marks; the perquisites of the court for the whole barony, 40s. ; 
and from the sale of timber felled in Styford woods in ordinary years there 
accrued 20s.; the sum, ;^2i lys.^ His sons having died in his lifetime, 
his four daughters, Philippa, wife of Roger de Lancaster, Margery, wife 
of Nicholas Corbet, Alice, wife of Walter de Huntercomb, and Maud, 

' Hugh de Bolbec also granted to the master and brethren of Kepier Hospital, near Durham, certain 
pasture lands within the manor of Styford called Le Tung and Enelishop, which in 1332 were worth five 
marcs a year. Cal. Close Rolls, 6 Ed. III. memb. 23, p. 46S. In 1358 these lands which were then called 
Le Tunge and Eveleshop were in the possession of William Legal, the master of the hospital. Abbi-. 
Rot. Urig. 32 Edw. III. ro. 10, \ol. ii. p. 249 ; cf. Mtiuoyiah of St. Giles', Durham, Barmby, p. 201. Surt. 
See. No. 95. 

-' Northtnnberlami Assize Roll, 4 Hen. II. Page, p. 55 ; .Surt. Soc. No. 88. 

' Ibid. pp. 56, 408. ' Neici}iinster Chaiiiiliuy, Fowler, p. 301 ; Surt. Soc. No. 66. 

^ Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Bolbek, 46 Hen. III. No. 25. [The particulars recorded in the inquisition 
concerning the various vills will be given under their respective heads.] The free men who hold in 
fee by knight's service in the barony of Bolebek : Richard de Gosbek and Thomas de Bekering hold 
eight vills by service of two and a half knight's fees ; Robert de Insula holds one fee and a half, an 
eighth part of a fee being subtracted, and holds six vills ; Henry de la Val holds half the vill of Echewik 
and a fourth part of the vill of iJenwel for half a fee and the fourth part of a fee of one knight ; Philip de 
Crawden holds four vills by service of one knight's fee ; William de Riel and Gilbert de Caldestrother 
hold a moiety of the vill of Biwell and the manor of Stokesfeld in fee by service of one knight ; William 
de Slaveley holds Slaveley, with appurtenances, in fee by service of one knight ; Roger Dareyns holds 
Est Hidwin and Hunthank in fee by service of a fourth part of one knight ; Robert de West Hidwin 
holds Hidwin and Appeltreley in fee by a third part of the service of one knight ; the heirs of William de 
BoUesdon hold Nor' Midelton in fee for a third part of the service of one knight ; Richard Kenbel holds 
a moiety of the vill of Benwel in fee for a moiety of the service of one knight ; Domina Joan de Riel 
holds a fourth part of the said vill by the service of one knight. 

Vol. VL 29 


then unmarried, were his co-heiresses.^ On the 6th of March, 1262/3, the 
escheator was ordered to give seisin of Hugh de Bolbec's lands to Nichohis 
Corbet, Walter de Huntercombe, Roger de Lancaster, and Robert de 
Beumys, who, it was stated, had married the four co-heiresses respectively.^ 
Robert de Beumvs, who was a ' valet ' of Edward, the king's eldest son, 
must have died very early, for before 1267 Maud became the wife of Hugh 
Delaval.' In the enquiry made in 1275 by Edward I. after his return 
from the Holy Land, to ascertain what crown dues or rights had been 
alienated or were withheld, it was stated that Roger de Lancaster, Nicholas 
Corbet, Walter de Huntercomb, and Hugh Delaval held the barony of 
Stiford of the king by the service of five knight's fees;* and in 1294, 
Philippa, widow of Roger de Lancaster, was summoned to prove her 
right to free warren in the manors of Stiford, Birkinside, Shotley, 
Waskerlev, Angerton, and Heddon.^ 

Alice, wife of Walter de Huntercomb, and Maud, wife of Hugh Delaval, 
died without issue, ^ and the Bolbec barony and estates ultimately became 
vested in Robert fitz Ralph, lord of Greystoke, the eldest son of Margery 
by her second husband, Ralph fitz William, lord of Greystoke," and Sir 
John de Lancaster, son of Philippa. 

' ' De Willelmo Vescy similiter tenuit praedictLis Hugo de Bolbek, Doddyngton', Wetewood, et 
Nesbyte, per unum feodum militis de veteri feoffamento. Dicto Hugone defuncto, ei quatuor filiae, 
coheredes ejus, quarum Margeria prima fuit maritata Nicholao Corbet, Waltero de Huntircombe 
Alicia fuit maritata. Duae aliae sorores, una videlicet est maritata Rogero de Lancastre, et alia 
Hugoni de la V'ale, et tota hereditas supradicta dispersa fuit inter eas. Postmodum Alicia, quae fuit 
(uxor) Walteri de Huntyrcombe et uxor Hugonis de la Vale obierunt sine prole, et tunc iterata est 
particio inter dictos Nicholaum Corbet et Margeriam uxorem ejus, et Rogerum de Lancastre et 
uxorem ejus.' Newininster Chnrtuhtry, Fowler, p. 287. Surt. See. No. 66. 

' Fine Roll; 47 Henry III. m. 9;" OriginaUa, 47 Henry III. m. 5 ; Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 458. 
' Inq. p.m. 51 Hen. 111. No. 46, Cakndarium Genealogicum, p. 127. 

* Rot. Hund. vol. ii. p. 21. It is stated in the same return that Nicholas Corbet had granted to 
Thomas de Fisseburn 30s. in land in the vill of Spiridon in the barony of Stiford. 
' Placita de quo warranto, p. 599. 
' Cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 239. 

' 13031 July 7th. Licence was given after inquisition ad quod damnum for John de Yeland to grant 
in fee simple to Ralph fitz William a fourth part of the manors of 'Styford, Spyridon, Neuton, Rydding, 
Merchenleye, Bromhale, Shelford, Thornburgh, Sotle, Blakededleye, Byrkenside, Waskerleye, and 
Neubigginge, etc., etc.,' which were held in chief, and which, after the death of Walter de Huntercombe, 
who holds the said fourth part by the law of England of the inheritance of his late wife, should revert to 
the said John by virtue of a fine between him and the said Ralph fitz William and Margery, his wife, 
lately deceased. Cal. Pat. Rolls; 31 Edward I. memb 19, p. 147. 

1313, July 6th. John de Eure the escheator is ordered to deliver to Ralph fitz William a moiety of 
the fourth part of the manors of Styford, Spiriden, Newton, Riding, Merchenley, Broomhaugh, Shotley, 
Blackhedley, Birkenside, Waskerley, Newbigging, etc., which had been taken into the king's hands 
upon the death of Walter de Huntercombe, as it appears that the said Walter held the said manors for 
his life only, and that after his death they ought to revert to the said Ralph fitz William by virtue of a 
fine levied by the late king's licence. The lands were to be delivered to the said Ralph only on the 
condition that he engaged to appear in the king's court to defend an action which had been brought in 
Chancery by John de Lancaster, who claimed to be kinsman and heir of the said Alice, wife of Walter 
de Huntercombe. Cal. Close Rolls, 6 Edward II. memb. 2, p. 539. 

L f. d. 

S. d. 

2 11 O 

uncle regi 

22 9| 

5 19 


10 9| 



I 9| 


Styford Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Summa bonnruni manerii de Stiford ... 

„ Uoniini Hugoiiis de la Vale 

„ Abbatis de Blancheland ... 

Summa bujus villae, ^19 los. Unde regi, 35s. 5id. 

Sir John de Lancaster's estates in Westmorland devolved upon his 
brother William's son, another John de Lancaster, but his purparty' of the 
Bolbec estates passed to Sir William de Herle,^ knight, ' one of the great 
lights and worthies of Northumberland,' who was first made a puisne judge 
in 1320,' and was raised to the office of Lord Chief Justice of the Court 
of Common Pleas in 1327. He is said to have married a daughter of the 
elder John of Lancaster." Sir William de Herle died March 8th, 1346/7, 
and was succeeded by his son. Sir Robert de Herle of Ivirkharle.' 

Stifford Subsidy Roll, 1336. 
Nicholaus de Ruckby, 3s.; Robertus Wodman, is. 6d.; Petrus forestarius, 3s.; Robertus de Hidwyn, 
3s. 4d.; Stephanus de Aptreley, 2s. 6d. Summa, 13s. 4d. 

On Sunday, October 15th, 1346, Styford, Neubigging near Blanchland, 
Bromhalgh, Rydyng, Merchenley, Shildeforde, and Shotteley (of which 

' The part of each heiress before a partition was made was called a 'purpart' or 'purpartie' of a 
barony. Madox, Baronia Anglica, p. 42. 

-'Ego Johannes de Lancaster dominus de Stanstede dedi Willelmo de Herle med. manerii de 
Styford cum advocatione abbatiae de Albalanda et cum omnibus aliis feodis militum quae habeo in 
comitatu Northumbriae, etc' Datum apud Stanstede anno 13 Edward. II. s. JOH. de Lancaster. 
Ex MSS. Culled. Glover, Somerset Herald: Doilszivrth MS. vol. 68, fol. 9; Rev. John Hodgson's 
Collection, ' X,' p. 220. Seal, eirgent Uvo bars gules ; on a canton of the second a lion passant guardant 
or (borne by John de Lancaster summoned to Parliament as a baron in 1299; cf. Burke, General 

1334, June 8th. To the escheator. Order to deliver to William de Herle a moiety of the manor of 
Stiford together with the hamlets of Ridyng, Bromhalgh, Spirdene, Thornburgh, Sessynghop, Neubiggyng, 
Birkenside, Shotley, and Slaveleye (which John de Lancaster had held for life) to be held of the king m 
chief by the service of the moiety of a barony and by the service of rendering to the king at the ward of 
the castle of Newcastle 33s. 4d. yearly, and i6s. forcornage and for fines of court 9s. 6d. at the E.xchequer 
of Newcastle ; and the king has taken the homage of William for the moiety of the manor of Stiford 
together with the hamlets and has rendered them to him. Cal. Close Rolls; 8 Edward III. memb ->5 
p. 226. ' ' ' 

12 Edward III. (133S). 'Annora quae fuit uxor Johannis de Lancaster tenet ad term, vitae suae 
mediet. manerii de Angerton et Hedon super murum cum pertin., unacum quibusdam terris in Styford, 
Rydding, Bromhalgh, Spiriden, Thorneburgh, Sesyngsop, Newbiggin, Birkensyde, Shottele, et Slaveley' 
de rege in capite ut de corona per serv. med. baroniae, viz., perlserv. unius feodi milit. et dim. etc. remanere 
inde Willelmo de Herle et heredibus suis spectan.' DodsK'orth MSS. 82, fol. 74 ; Rev. John Hodgson 
Collection, '\,' p. 195. Cf. Inq. p.m. Annora, wife of John de Lancastre, 12 Edw. III. first numbers. 
No. 29. 

' Foss, Tabulae Curialcs, p. 17. 

" Cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 239. But Foss (Judges of England) states that William 
de Herle was a native either of Devonshire or Leicestershire, and that he married Margaret, daughter 
and heiress of William Polglas, heiress of the manor of Ilfracombe. 

■' Inq. p.m. Wil. de Herle, 21 Edw. 111. first numbers, No. 44. 


Robert de Herle was owner of one half) and the vill of Shivek-v, 'of 
which he is sole lord,' were raided by David Bruce, king of Scotland, 
with a great host of Scots, and totally destroyed, the houses being burned 
and the tenants plundered of 70 oxen, 83 cows, 142 bullocks and queys, 
32 'avers,' 316 sheep, etc.* 

On May 6th, 1355, Robert de Herle gave the king £.[ to have a 
licence to convev to William de Greystoke and Joan his wife a moiety 
of the manor of Angerton, with lands at Whitchester, Eachwick, East 
Heddon, Benwell, and Middleton Morel, computed at two and a half 
knight's fees, in exchange for a moiety of the manor of Styford and the 
third part of one knight's fee in East Heddon. - 

Robert de Herle died without issue July 5th, seised of a moiety 
of the barony of Bolbec, which comprised Styford with its members, 
Newbiggin, Cessinghope, and Spiriden, the vills of Broomhaugh and 
Shotlev, lands in Slaley, Newton in Bywell, etc.,' all of which fell to his 
sister Margaret, wife of Sir Ralph de Hastings, knight, of Allerston'* in 
the North Riding of Yorkshire ; '' she very soon after was succeeded by 
her son, who bore his father's name of Ralph. After the death of the 
latter in 1397, his son Sir Ralph de Hastings HI. joined in the conspiracy 
to dethrone Henry IV., and, having been taken prisoner, was attainted 
in 1 4 10 and beheaded." It has been generally supposed that the 
Styford moiety of the barony of Bolbec was thereupon granted to the 
first earl of Westmorland as a reward for his services in crushing the 
rebellion," but, for some reason now unknown, the reversion of the manor 
of Styford, after the death of Sir Ralph de Hastings, had been conveyed 
many years before to the earl's father. Sir John Nevill of Raby, who 
died October 17th, 1388.** Ralph, earl of Westmorland, who died October 
2 1 St, 142s, was at the time of his death seised of the manor of Styford, 

' Iiuj. ad quod damnum, zi Edward III. No. 3; Cal.Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. iii. p. 274. Cf. Ridpatli, Border 
History, p. 337, and Lang, History of Scotland, vol. i. pp. 256-7. King David was taken prisoner at 
Nevill's Cross on October 17th. 

'' Pat. Rolls, 29 Edward III. pt. i. memb. 8 ; cf. Cal. Rot. Orig. vol. ii. p. 238 ; Hodgson, Northumber- 
land, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 240; also /"i/. p.m. 29 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 25. 

' Inq. p.m. Robert! Herle chr. 38 Edward III. first numbers, No. 23. 

* The will of Sir Ralph de Hastings is printed Test. Ehor. vol. i. pp. 19-20. Surt. Soc. No. 4. 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 240. " Cf. Test. Ehor. vol. i. p. 217. 

' Cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 240. 

" Inq. p.m. John Nevill, 12 Rich.ard II. No. 40. 


with divers dependent vills at Broomhaugh, Shotley, Newbiggin, Slaley, 
a pasture of 200 acres at Sessinghope, Spiriden, Thornbrougli, the mill of 
Broomhaugh, and 1000 acres of common pasture, etc.^ 

The story of the Nevills has been sketched in a previous chapter. After 
the attainder of Charles, earl of Westmorland," in 1569 it was found that his 
demesne lands, comprising Styfford, Spyryden and Cyssenhope, had been 
demised on February 8th, 1553/4, to John Swinburne for a term of 15 years 
at the yearly rent of ,^13 6s. 8d. The manors of the barony were accounted 
for under their respective heads and the 'sum of rent of the lordship of 
Bulbeck' amounted to ;^42 6s. iid. Out of the receipts of the baronies 
of Bolbec and Baliol, which amounted to ^"139 15s. ifd., there was allowed 
as 'the fee of William Wyndbourne, George Hurde, Gerard Hurde, and 
Blaise Bates, foresters of the forest of Bywell and Bulbeck, for preservation 
and keeping of stags and other deer within the said forest and for exercise 
of their office,' 53s. 4d. The salary or fee of John Swinburne the rebel, 
the earl of Westmorland's late steward, was £s ; and £40 per annum was 
allowed in payment of an annuity granted by the said earl on December 
30th, 1566, to Francis, John, Edward, and Edmund Bacon for the term of 
99 years if any of them should live so long.^ 

The barony of Bolbec remained in the Crown until September 25th, 
1628,* when it was sold by Charles I. to Edward Ditchfield and others, 
citizens of London, who, on February 19th, 1630/1, by direction of the city of 
London, at a Court of Committee held at the Guildhall, conveyed it to 
John Heath of Gray's Lin, esq., and Roger Fenwick, gentleman.' Heath 
in 1632 demised it for 1000 years to Sir George Baker, knight," and on 
May ist, 1 66 1, conveyed to him the fee simple of it for ever.' 

' Iiui.p.iii. 4 Henrv \'I. No. 37. ISut in 1439 Ralf Greistok, son and heir of John de Greystok, 
chivalei-, acknowledged that the said John on the day of his death held of the kmg in uipite the manor of 
Styford bv the service of a third part of the moiety of one barony, to wit, the barony of Bulbeck. Madox, 
Bar. Aug. p. 58. 

-' Henry, earl of Westmorland, by deed, dated 2nd May, 1562, granted the manor of Bolbec to 
his daughter. Lady Elynor Nevill, to secure to her the sum of ;£iooo in one payment by her brother, 
Charles Nevill (who succeeded his father as earl of Westmorland!. She subsequently married William 
I'elham, esq., to whom ^400 was paid by Charles, earl of Westmorland, as part of the said sum of 
/looo. After the earl's attainder and the seizure of his estates into the queen's hands, Mr. Pelham 
complained to the Court of Exchequer. Ultimately the premises were assured to the queen by Mr. 
and Lady Elynor Pelham on the payment to them bv the queen of /800 in addition to the £1000 
secured to them by the original deed. Mich. Term, 14th Elizabeth. Exchequer Decrees ami Orders, 
series i. book iv. p. 227. ' Hall and Homberston's Survey. ' Pat. Rolls, 4 Charles I. pt. 1. 

' Bywell Papers, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 

'■ Sir George Baker was recorder of Newcastle. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. 11. p. 358. 

' Bywell Papers, Rev. John Hodgson's Collection. 


The importance of the manorial rights was demonstrated when an Act 
of Parliament' was obtained in 1765 for the division of the extensive common 
of Bolbec, one sixteenth part of which was given to George Baker of 
Elemore hall, esq., as the lord of the manor, for his consent to the 
enclosure. In 1800, the barony, and remaining manorial rights, were sold 
by Mr. George Baker to Mr. George Silvertop of Minsteracres, whose 
representative, Mr. Francis Somerled Silvertop, is now lord of the manor 
and barony of Bolbec. 

The preamble of the Act for the division of Bolbec common recites 
that George Baker of Elemore hall, esq., was lord of the manor, and 
that the said George Baker, the Commissioners of Greenwich Hospital, 
Sir Walter Blackett, bart., Sir John Lambert Middleton, bart., John 
Andrews, John Hopper, and George Silvertop, esquires, Wilkinson 
Kirsopp, Michael Smith, D.D., Fewster Teasdale, Robert Vazie, gentlemen, 
and several other persons who were entitled to right of common, 
were desirous that the common should be divided. For the purpose of 
carrying the Act into execution the following were appointed commissioners: 
Samuel Marriot of Okerland, Thomas Forster of the City of Durham, Ralph 
Hutchinson of Baxterwood, Thomas Gibson of Stonecroft, and John Brown 
of Kirkharle. The commissioners made their award February 9th, 1771. 
After allotting 437 acres or a full sixteenth part to Mr. George Baker as 
lord of the manor for his consent, and setting out roads, watering places, 
etc., the residue was divided amongst the several persons having right of 
common, that is to say. 

As to such persons as are intitled to lands only, or to lands and house or houses, usually farmed or 
occupied therewith as a farm house or farm houses, then in proportion to the whole clear yearly value 
or rent of every such farm consisting of land only, or land and a farm house thereunto belonging and 
constituting one farm; and as to such persons as are intitled to a house or houses, or a cottage 
or cottages, mill or mills only, without any lands thereunto belonging then, in proportion to one 
half of the clear yearly value or rent of such house or houses, cottage or cottages, mill or mills, 
respectively ; and as to such persons as are entitled both to land and a mill, or to land and an 
house or houses, cottage or cottages, now farmed, held, or occupied therewith, but such house or houses, 
cottage or cottages have or hath been heretofore or usually held or occupied separately and distinctly 
from such lands at separate or distinct rents, or are or is not taken or deemed to be a farm house or farm 
houses, then in proportion to the whole of the clear yearly rent or value of such land, and in proportion 
to one half of the clear yearly rent or value of such mill, house or houses, cottage or cottages, respectively, 
as the same were worth to be let whether the same were in the hands of the owners thereof respectively, 
or let to a tenant or tenants for the year, beginning 12th May, 1764. such rent or value to be fixed and 
ascertained by the said commissioners or any of them or more of them. 

' 5 Geo. III. An Act for dividing and inclosing a certain common, moor, or tract of waste land 
within the barony or manor of Bulbeck in the county of Northumberland. 


The names of the freeholders who received allotments' in lieu 
of rights of common of pasture appurtenant to their tenements will be 
of interest : — 

George Baker, esq., for lands in Slaley, Birkenside, Sliilford, Broomhagh, Unthank, and for his 
mill at Wedge-green, 531 acres ; John Andrews, esq., for Fieldhead, Letches, Shotley Bridge, Burnhouse, 
and Biirnmill, 207 acres ; Misses Margery, Elizabeth and Catherine Andrews, for High and Low 
Waskerley, 102 acres ; John Bainbridge, for Slaley, 57 acres ; William Bainbridge, esq., for Slaley, 37 
acres ; George Blenkinsop, esq., for Allansford Forge, 6 acres ; Sir Walter Blackett, for Crooked 
Oak, 15 acres; for Coalpitts, 276 acres ; for Dukesfield, S95 acres; and for Slaley, 58 acres ; heirs of Ralph 
Carr, for Marley Coat Walls, 41 acres ; George Carr, for Slaley, 126 acres ; John Carr, for Slaley, 148 
acres ; William Carr, for Slaley, 12 acres ; Henry Carr, an mfant, for Slaley, 4 acres ; John Clavering, for 
Eads-bridge, 219 acres, for Emley and .'\pperley, 360 acres ; Rev. Wm. Dalston, as curate of Shotley, 
for Shotley church-yard and Unthank, 9 acres ; heirs of George Davison, for Marley Coat Walls 
and Walls-fieldhead, 96 acres ; William Fenvvick, esq., for Eastwood-house and mill, 22 acres ; John 
Farbridge, for Slaley, 15 acres ; Joseph Farbridge, for Slaley, 63 acres ; Leonard Farbridge, for .Slaley, 
24 acres ; William Giles, for Pryhouse, 30 acres ; Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, for Wooley, 
168 acres ; George Green, for Slaley, 75 acies ; Francis Haswell, for Shotley-field and Fine-house, 
81 acres ; John Hopper, esq., of Black Hedley, for Black Hedley, Woodhouse, Black Hedley Port, 
Little Black Hedley, 371 acres; John Hopper of Shotley-field, for Shotley-field, 50 acres; Cuthbert 
Hopper, for Laings Loaning, 64 acres, and Summerfield-house, 100 acres ; Joseph Hopper, for Shotley- 
field, 4 acres ; John Hunter, esq., for North Snodds, 89 acres ; John Heron, for Shield-hall, 305 
acres ; Rev. Thos. Hudson, as curate of Blanchland, for Blackburn, 49 acres ; Wilkinson Kirsop, 
Banister Bayles, John Salmon and Teasdale White, for Slaley, Slaley Woodfoot, and East Strothers, 
208 acres ; Wilkinson Kirsop, Banister Bayles, Robert Salmon and Teasdale White, for Steel-hall, 
Redlead mill, and Western Byers, 852 acres ; William Lowes, esq., for Todburn Steel, 194 acres ; Sir 
William Middleton, bart., for Hole Raw, Orchardfield, Crooked Oak, Wallish Walls, Mosswood and 
Allans Ford, 576 acres; Matthew Maudlin, for Slaley, 2 acres; Catherine Newton, for Shotley-field, 
115 acres; John Robson, for Slaley, 7 acres; George Ridley, for Strother-dales, 9 acres ; James 
Roddam, for Slaley, 22 acres ; George Richardson and Thomas Whitfield, for Snods, 96 acres ; John 
Salmon, for Black Strothers, 26 acres ; John Hall Stephenson and William Farquharson, for Penshield 
and Shotley-field, 398 acres; Robert Surtees, for Shotley-field, 5 acres; George Silvertop, esq., for 
Crooked Oak, 39 acres; Cronkley and Mill Shield, 3S0 acres ; Minsteracres and Newfield, 758 acres; 
George Silvertop and George Baker, esqs., for Unthank, 164 acres ; Jane Stobbs, for Penshields, 120 
acres; Michael Smith, D.D., and Ralph Smith, esq., for Espershields, 506 acres ; Thomas Teasdale the 
elder, for Combhills, 39 acres ; Thomas Teasdale the younger, for Slaley, 122 acres ; Richard Teasdale, 
for Slaley, 96 acres ; Fewster Teasdale, for Slaley, 151 acres; Robert Vazie,for Durham-field, 351 acres, 
and for Bogg hall, 20 acres ; Job Ward, for Gingleshaugh, 52 acres ; the heirs of William Weddell, 
for the Bush, 18 acres ; Rev. William Wharton, as curate of Slaley, for the churchyard, 3 acres, and for 
Carr's farm, 27 acres. 

' Fractions omitted. 



Styford, although, like Bywell, giving its name for a time to a baronv, 
seems always to have had a smaller and more real existence as a vill and 
manor. It is singular that the place-name Styford gave way to the family 
name Bolbec in the one barony, and the family name Baliol gave way to 
the place-name Bywell in the other barony. On the 8th of Februarv, 1553/4, 
as has already been stated, the earl of Westmorland granted Styfford, 
Spyryden, and Cyssenhope to his steward, John Swinburne of Chopwell, 
to hold for the term of fifteen years at the yearly rent of ;^I3 6s. 8d.,' and 
on the 18th of December, 1583, a lease of the same premises was granted by 
letters patent to Sir John Forster, knight, for the term of twenty-one years. 
Subject to the then subsisting lease and to an annuity of ^40 per annum 
granted for certain lives, Stiforde, Spiriden, and Cissenhope, ah'as Cisseyhope, 
were granted by letters patent on the 4th of April, 1589, to Richard 
Braithwaite and Roger Bromley, esquires, to hold of the queen as of the 
manor of East Greenwich, by fealty and in free and common socage, 
rendering yearly £12, 6s. Sd.'' Braithwaite and Bromley seem to have 
transferred it to Thomas Crompton, esq., and Francis Jackson, gent., of 
London, who on the 20th of November, 1595, conveyed Stiford, Spiriden, 
and Cissinghope to Sir John Forster of Alnwick, knight,^ and Nicholas 
Forster of Hulne, esq.^ By these transactions the township and reputed 
manor of Styford became severed from the barony of Bolbec. 

The township abuts on the river Tyne, and stretches northward for 
a distance of nearly two miles, rising gradually to an elevation of 341 feet, 
ordnance datum. It comprises an area of 1,038 acres, containing the 
two valuable farms of High Barns and Brocksbushes, besides the hall and 
park of Styford. The population in 1901 was 77.^ 

' Hall and Humberston's Survey. 

■Pat. Rolls, 31 Eliz. pt. ii. The annuity charged on the premises was payable to Francis, John, 
Edward, and Edmund Bacon, or to the longest liver. 

' After the death of Sir John Forster, at Spindleston, in 1602, it was stated that his personal estate 
at Styford comprised 20 draught oxen, 10 kine, 10 stotts, 10 quies, five score wethers, sixteen score ewes 
twelve score threaves of rye, fifteen score threave of otes, together with thirty acres of ground 
sowen with rye. Cf. vol. i. of this work, p. 159. 

' Original deed with Miss Bacon-Grey ; cf. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' D,' 154. 

' The Census Returns are : 1801,111; 1811,96; 1821,69; 1831,65; 1841,104; 1851,84; 1861,90; 
1871,99; 1881,105; 1891,84; 1901,77. 


No remains of the prehistoric inhabitants of the district have been found 
in this township, nor any traces of the demesne house, hall, or tower, which 
the lords of the fee, in all probability, possessed. A chapel is known to 
have existed at Styford as early as the year 1262.^ The present house is a 
plain building of three storeys, erected or reconstructed towards the end 
of the eighteenth century. It occupies a sunny sheltered site with a south 
exposure, where the alluvial haugh begins to rise to the uplands ; the grounds 
are well planted with forest trees, which protect the place on the west, 
north, and east. The house is surrounded by fine old walled gardens and 
well laid out pleasure grounds, and contains some interesting family portraits.' 

In the comprehensive survey of the barony of Bolbec made in 1608, it 
is stated that there were at that time no demesne lands within the manor 
' other than the capital messuage of Stiford . . . which is passed away in fee- 
farme ; ' it was held by Claudius Forster by the payment of a fee farm rent 
of ;,f 13 6s. 8d.' The latter, by indenture'' dated February 13th, 1609/10, for 
the sum of ^520, purchased a certain interest in the place possessed by 
Thomas, earl of Suffolk. '"' He was created a baronet in 1620, but, dying 
without issue, Styford, Blanchland, and other estates were enjoyed during a 
long widowhood by his wife, Lady Elizabeth Forster, who in 1663 was rated 
for Styford at the large sum of ^, 160 per annum. 

Sir William Forster of Bamburgh, grand-nephew of Sir Claudius 
Forster, who succeeded Lady Elizabeth Forster, died in 1674, when a 
moiety, if not the whole, of Styford passed to his second son, John Forster, 
who died unmarried on November 15th, 1699," when the estate reverted 

' Iini. p.m. Hugonis de Bolbec, 46 Hen. III. No. 25. 

- .'\mongst the pictures are half or three-quarter portraits in oils of Lord Creue, Lady Crewe, 
Ferdinando Forster, Dorothy Forster, and two portraits, believed to be those of the rebel general and 
of his sister Margaret, wife of William Bacon. 

^ Haggat and Ward's Survey. •* Miss Bacon-Grey's Deeds. 

■'' By ' An Acte for Confirmation of Grauntes made to the Queene's majestic, and of letters patentes 
made by her highness to others,' enacted 27th October, 43 Eliz. (1601), it was provided that such 
patentees as had obtained from the C[ueen by way of exchange, or for any sum of money since 8th 
February, 1582/3, or at any time until the end of the said session, or within one year, thereafter, 
letters patent of any lands or tenements which, at the date of the said letters patent, were of greater 
yearly value than was contained in the letters patent should, within ten years after the end of the said 
session, pay to the Court of Exchequer the overplus at the rate of 60 years' purchase. 

February 12th, 1608/9. Grant to Thomas, earl of Suffolk, Lord Chamberlain, of all such sums of 
money as are or shall be payable to the Court of Exchequer as aforesaid ; and order to the treasurer, etc., 
to give to the said earl such writs and processes he may from time to time require for the levying and 
recovery of the same. Pat. Rolls, 6 Jas. I. pt. 10. 

° 1699, 1 2th November. Will of John Forster of Styford, gent. To my brother, Mr. Ferdinando 
Forster, all my lands, etc, at .Styford, to pay ^200 to my sister, Mrs. Dorothy Forster. My late sister, 
Mrs. Mary Forster. My brother, Mr. Ferdinando Forster, executor. Seal, theForster crest, STA SAL DO. 
Raine, Test. Diinelin. vol. iv. p. 193. 

Vol. VI. so 


to his eldest brother William. The latter died without issue, as did also 
his last surviving brother and successor, Ferdinando Forster, whereupon 
all the estates, burdened with heavy debts, devolved upon their surviving 
sister, Lady Crewe, and their nephew, Thomas Forster the younger, of 
Adderston, as co-heirs.' The creditors of William Forster having exhibited 
their bills in Chancery for the purpose of having the estate sold for payment 
of the general debts. Lord and Lady Crewe and Thomas Forster on July 
30th and 31st, 1708,^ sold Styford for ;^ 5,500 to John Bacon of Staward. 
It was conveyed by him, December 4th, 1 712, 'to trustees, in pursuance of 
a settlement made before the marriage of his eldest son, William Bacon, 
and Margaret, daughter of Thomas Forster of Adderston.'' 

The whole township of Styford now belongs to Miss E. C. Bacon-Grey 
and her sister, Mrs. Guiry. 

It has not been found possible to identify Spiryden and Cessinghope'* 
with any existing hamlets or homesteads, but on the farm of Brocksbushes 
there are two fields which are still called 'Spredden.' In 1262 there were in 
Spiriden three bondmen, each of whom held 26 acres and who together paid 
for farms and works 34s. gd.; another bondman held 40 acres and for farm 
and works paid 27s. 3d. There were two free tenants, who by charter held 
24 acres and paid 12s. yearly. John de Middilton and Richard his brother 
held six bovates of land in the field of Spiriden and Thornbrough by charter, 
paying yearly 6d. ''ad war dam.' In Riding there were 17 cottars holding 
26^ acres of land and paying yearly for farms and works 43s. io|d. Sum of 
Spiriden 63s. 6d.'^ At the Northumberland Assizes, held at Newcastle on 
June 25th, 1269, Nicholas Corbet, and Margery his wife (one of the Bolbec 
heiresses) claimed a certain Alan of Spyreden as their neif and fugitive.' 

Spyriden Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

i s. 

Summa bonorum Cristianae de Spiriden 2 15 

„ Thomae de Hetton ... ... ... ... 2 7 

„ Willelmi de Barouesford ... ... ... in 

Summa hujus villae, £,(i 14s. 3d. Unde domino regi, 12s. 2id. 

' C/. Uisl. Bcrw. Nut. Club, vol. vi. p. 333. ^ Miss Bacon-Grey's Deeds. ' Ibid. 

' C/. pedigrees of Forster ofBamburgh and Forster of Adderston, vol. i. of this work, pp. 156, 22S. 
" It is possible that Cessinghope may be represented by the valley running up to Styford. 
' Iiiq. p.m. Hugonis de Bolebek, 46 Hen. III. No. 25 

'' Novthumberlcind Assize Rolls, Page, pp. 159, 217; Surt. Soc. No. 88; also Cnl. Doc. Rti. Scot, 
vol. i. p. 511. 




unde regi 













Arms : Ermine a wild boar passant azure bristled armed unguled coded and 
pizzled or, langued gules, on a chief of the third two mullets of the fourth. 

Crest : A demi-wild boar conped regardant azure, bristled, armed and 
unguUd or, langued gules holding in his mouth a tilting spear argent 
striiien at the shoulder and vulned proper. Granted to Joliii Bacon, 
F.R.S., 2gth June, 1752. 

George Bacon, born at Clay-linne, in Derbyshire, = Cecilia, daughter 
settled in Allendale and resided at Broadwood-hall ; of Edw. Robson 

purchased Staward 28th April, 1664 (/) ; died at of Ninebanks. 

Grasse Groves, 21st September, and was buried in 
Allendale chancel 23rd Se])tember, 1670 (a). 

Joseph Bacon of 
son and heir, bur. 
in .Mlendale chan- 
cel 15th October, 
1674 («)• 

John Bacon of Staward, High 
Sheriff of Northumberland, 1693 ; 
purchased Bellister nth Nov., 
l6g7,and Styford 31st July, 1708 
(;<) ; died at Staward 25th Nov., 
1736, aged 81, and was buried at 
Haydon Qw) ; will dated 3rd Sept. 
1736; proved 1737 (0- 

Isabel, only child of 
William Deacon 
of Wolsingham, 
where she was 
bapt. 5th Feb., 
1655 (/); [living 
nth November, 
1700 (/5)]. 

Francis Bacon, 
buried in 
chancel 19th 
Feb., 1696/7 

Susanna, mar. 23rd Feb., 
1672. Henry Bland of 
Newcastle, merchant (a), 
andof Hurworth,co. Dur- 
ham ; she was living a 
widow 31st July, 1699. 

[another daughter] 

mar Morgan [of 

Miln-houses, Durham]. 

George Bacon, son and 
heir, died immarried, 
aged 26 ; buried at 
Haydon I2th Jan., 
1702/3 (c) (a-). 

William Bacon of Staward, Styford, and of Newton 
Cap in the county of Durham ; High Sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1745 ; died 20th May, 174S 
((/), at Newton Cap ; buried, South Church, 
Auckland; will dated 14th December, 1743; 
proved 1748 (;). 

Margaret, daughter of Thomas Forster of 
Adderston; bpt. 8th Dec, 1681 (j); bond 
of marriage 5th Feb., 1706; mar. 13th 
Feb., 1706 {g); articles before mar., 30th 
Nov., 1706 (//) ; post-nuptial settlement, 
3rd and 4th l3ec., 1712 (^) ; bur. at St. 
Oswald's, Durham, 4th Nov., 1743. 

John IBaconof Newbrough, = Jane, widow of John 

to whom his father gave 
Bellister by deed dated 
2nd September, 171 5; 
articles before marriage 
1 2th October, 1715 ; died 
15th July, 1736, aged 48 

Blenkinsop of Dry- 
burnhaugh, and 
daughter of Thos. 
Marshall of Wall- 
town ; died 12th 
Feb., 1787, aged 
84 W- 

Joseph Bacon, 
settled in the 
Isle of Man. 

Anne, daughter and co-heiress, baptised 4th December, 1729 ('/) ; 

married first, 2Ist October, 1750, Middleton Teasdale of Slaley ; 

((/), and second, Henry Wastell, rector of Simond-burn. 
Isabella, daughter and co-heiress, baptised 24th June, 1731 (a'). 
Jane, daughter and co-heiress, baptised 2nd January, 1733 (a"). 
Frances, daughter and co-heiress, baptised 22nd August, 1734 (i/). 

I I I I I I I I I 
.Anne, mar. 1st May, 1709, Thomas Ord of Fenham 

Dorothy, mar. at St. Mary-le-Bow, Durham, loth 
Oct., 1732, Taylor Thirkeld, clerk in orders. 

Susanna, bapt. l8th Jan., 16S1 (a) ; mar. at Haydon, 
2glh Dec, 1698, William Fenwick of Byvvell (c). 

Elizabeth, bapt. 13th Jan., 1679/80 (a); mar. l6th 
May, 1709, John Blackett of Wylam (c) ; bur. 
at St. Oswald's, Durham, 17th May, 1 724. 

Mary, mar. Ralph Bales of Newbottle, and died 
before 3rd Sept., 1736. 

Frances, died unmar. at Durham, 1 3th April,! 741 (/;). 

Isabella, mar. first 17th Oct., 1731, William Erring- 
ton (c) («■) of Walwick, and second, 2nd Sept., 
1740, Richard Werge, vicar of Hartburn ((/'). 

Cecily, living 1736 (/). 

Other daughter died in infancy. 

John Bacon of Staward, Styford, "^ Katherine, dau. 

and Newton Cap, of Hart Hall, of Richard 

0.xon., matric 2nd April, 1726, Lowther of 

agedl7(o)>; a governor of Bride- Kippax;mar. 

well and of Bethlehem hospital ; 23rd August, 

Fellow of the Royal Society, and of 1732, at St. 

the Society of Antiquaries ; died Bennet's, 

20th June, 1752 ; buried in Bath Paul's Walk, 

Abbey (y) ; will dated 29th April, London (/). 
1752 ; proved 1752 (;)■ 

William Bacon, bapt. 
14th July, 1712 (/'); 
resided at Newton 
Cap ; mentioned in 
his grandfather's 
will ; and died 
s.p.m. before 4th 
April, 1763. 

Frances, dau. of 
... Pewterer of 
Bishop .Auck- 
land ; baptised 
14th February, 
1711/2 (i) ; 
mar. 15th Jan., 

1747/8 (/) ; 

[died at Bishop 
Auckland 6th 
March, 1782]. 

Thomas Bacon, 
baptised 12th 
Feb., 1 7 14/5 
((^) ; was men- 
tioned in his 
will ; and died 
s.p.m. before 
4thApril, 1763. 





John Willinm Bacon of Staward, Styford, 
and Xewton Cap, son and heir, born 30th 
June; Kajnised 6th July, 1733, at St. 
Bride's, Fleet Street, Middlesex ; of St. 
Mary Hall, O.^on. ; niatric. 4th July, 
175O1 aged 16 (0) ; assumed the name of 
Forster before 21st and 22nd July, I757i 
the date of his marriage articles (^) ; 
married 30th July, 1757 (/i) ; High Sheriff 
of Northumberland, 1763; succeeded to 
Adderston in 1763, and died there 28th 
April, 1767 (r) ; buried at Bamburgh (_g) ; 
will dated 21st April, 1767 ; proved 1770 

W O). 

Sarah, daughter of Joseph 
Garth, and sister of Edward 
Tumour Garth, earl of 
Winterton, had a marriage 
portion of ;^lo,ooo (^) ; 
married, secondly, at St. 
George's, Hanover Square, 
14th August, 1767, Sir 
Herbert Lloyd, Bart. (/), 
thirdly, Charles Schutr, esq., 
and fourthly, Robert .Alder 
of Alnwick (/) ; buried at 
.Mnwick 5th July, 1792 

Charles Bacon, 
born 30th June ; 
baptised, St. 
Bride's, Fleet 
Street, 6th July, 

to have died in 
London in : 743, 
and to have 
been buried at 
St. George the 
MartjT (/) ; a 
twin with John 

Catherine, born 1 1 th 
Feb. ; bapt. 22nd 
Feb., 1735, at St. 
Margaret's, West- 
minster (/) ; living 
unmarried iSll (/). 
Dorothy, born 24th 
May ; bapt. 10th 
June, 1737 (/) ; 
married Lowlher 
Rutter of Ripon ; 
buried at Doncaster 
in 1809 (/). 

George Bacon, 
baptised 27th 
July, i7i7(/0; 
was mentioned 
in his grand- 
father's will ; 
and died s.p.m. 
before 4th Ap., 

James Bacon, 
bapt. 8th 
Aug., 1720 
(Ji) ; died 
s.p.m. be- 
fore April 
4th, 1763. 

Susanna, dau. of 
William Green 
of Chelsea ; 
mar. loth Dec, 
1745 ; she re- 
mar. Samuel 
Lunn, and died 
in 1811 (/). 


Margaret, born 1746, only child, 
mar. George Hassell, Recorder 
of Ripon, and died in 1772- %[/ 

Ferdinando Bacon, = 
baptised February 
5th, 1 72 1/2 (li) ; of 
Pembroke College, 
O.fon. ; matric. i6th 
October, 1739, aged 
16; B.A. 1743, M.A. 
1746 (0) ; assumed 
the name of Forster; 
of Newcastle, 1753 
(v) ; died at Bath, 
j./*.m., 2 5th January, 

1756 (0. 

= Catherine, dau. 
of James Ag- 
new of Bishop 
Auckland ; 
she is stated 
to have re- 
married, Nov., 
1756, R.V. B. 
Johnston of 
afterwards a 
baronet (/). 

I I I I 

Barbara, bp. . . . 171 1 (//). 

Frances, mar. 15th May, 
1735, Henry Wastell, rec- 
tor of Simond-burn (/5), 
and was bur. at Haydon, 
2Sth -Aug., 1747 (</). 

Isabel,bpt. 25th June, 1711 
(b) ; mar. at St. Oswald's, 
Durham, Dec, 1740, Sir 
William Carr of Etal. 

Margaret, bapt. i6th .April, 
1716 (h); mar. William 
Fenwick of BJ^vell (/'). 

Lady Catherine Turnour, 
daughter of Edward, earl 
of Winterton, married at 
Haddington, 1 778 (/) ; 
died at Newton Cap 18th 
January ; buried 25th 
Januarj', 17S0 (J^ (a). 

William Bacon Forster of Staward, Stj-- 
ford, Newton Cap, and Adderston, son 
and heir ; born 17th August (Ji) ; bapt. 
14th September, 175S (Ji) ; of Trinity 
College, 0.\on. ; matric. 2nd March, 
1776, aged 17 (0) ; died intestate 15th 
April (,4) ; buried l8th April, 1780 (Ji). 

= Frances, daughter of Nat. Pewterer of Ferry- 
hill ; articles before marriage, 20th Feb., 
I78o(/0; married 23rd Feb., 1780; she 
remarried at St. Clement Danes, 29th 
.August, 17S9, WiUiam Bentham of Lin- 
coln's Inn, and of Upper Gower Street, 
St. Pancras (JC). 

William Bacon Forster of Staward, St)'ford, and Newton Cap, posthumous and only child ; : 
born 29th November, 1780 (/) ; of Trinity Hall, Cambridge; admitted to Lincoln's Inn 
22nd December, 1800 ; had Royal License, 1st February, 1802, to discard the name of 
Forster ; died at Sidmouth, 4th April, 1810 ; buried at Exeter ; will dated 19th February, 
1810 ; proved at London (/). 

; -Anne, niece of Heniy .Mor- 
ley of Ely (/) ; articles 
before mar. 28th Sept., 
1805 ; died 23rd July, 
1813, aged42 {x). 

Elizabeth = 
Hurst, mar. 
June, 1784 
(/) ; died at 
Park, Nov., 
1785, in 
childbed (>») 
s.p. ; first 

: John Bacon = 
Forster, second 
son, some time 
at Causey Park, 
at Hartlawand 
at Newcastle ; 
died at Causey 
Park ; buried 
at Long Hors- 
ley, May, 1799 
(/); will dated 
22nd April, 
1799 O)- 

Sarah Beaver, 
married July, 
1786 («0 ; 
died, aged 
24, 1st Dec, 
1 791 ; bur. 
Long Hors- 
ley (/) ; 2nd 


Mary Lilliat, Charles Bacon forster of- 

daughter of Adderston, third son ; born 

Richard at Newton Cap ; some time 

Drinkwater of the 2nd Regiment of 

of Durham ; Foot ; was residing at Dur- 

married 21st ham in 181 1, then aged 

June, 1792 about 53 years ; succeeded 

(/) ; men- to Staward and Styford 

tioned in her under the will of his nephew, 

husband's William Bacon ; discarded 

will ; living a the name of Forster ; died 

widow, 1813; l8th Sept., 1830, aged 70 

third wife. (/). 

Dorothy, daughter of 
Marmaduke Grey of 
Kyloe, and sister 
and heiress of Mar- 
maduke Grey of the 
same place ; born 
at Craster ; baptised 
2nd Dec, 1761 ; 
married at Emble- 
ton 19th April, 1790; 
died at Whitburn 
7th July, 1836, 
aged 74 (/). 

John William Bacon Forster, born at Hartlaw ; baptised 4th 

May, 1787 (k) ; living at Madras in 1813 (/). 
Charles Edward Bacon Forster, baptised 17th January, 1789 
(/) ; living at Madras in 1813 (/). 
[Descendants of one or both of these brothers are believed 
to be living.] 

Richard Bacon Forster, born at Newcastle, 13th 

February ; baptised 23rd April, 1794 (Ji) (/). 
George Bacon, born at Newcastle, nth January, 

1795 (/)■ 
Mary Lilliat, born 24th March, 1796 (/). 
Catherine Elizabeth, born 7th June, 1797 (/). 

sTyford township. 



John William 
Bacon, son 
and heir, born 
1st May, 

1794 W; 

died 8th Jan., 
1S26 (/). 

Charles Bacon of Sta\vard = Emily, daughter 

and Styford, born 1st 
January, 1 796 {/i) ; 
assumed the additional 
name of Grey in 
1823 on succeeding to 
the estates of his uncle, 
Marmaduke Grey of 
Kyloe ; died 1st Sept., 
1855, aged 59 (/). 

of Sir William 
Loraine of 
Kirkharle, bt.; 
marr. at Gos- 
forth, 15th 
January, 1S33 
(/) ; died 6th 
January, 1878, 
aged 72 (/). 

born 4th 

I I 
Eleanor, born at 
Adderston, Mar, 
nth, 1791 {/{) ; 
married at By- 
well St. Andrew, 
June 6th, 1820, 
Francis Johnson 
of Low Newton 


Sarah, born 4th 
May, 1792 (h). 

I I 

Jane, born 2nd August, 1797 
(//) ; married at Bywell St. 
Andrew, 21st July, 182 1, 
Thomas Coleman Welch, 
clerk in orders, of Paltis- 
hall, Northampton. ^ 

Frances, born 7th, baptised 
20th August, 1799 (^) 
(.^) ; married Christopher 
Ferguson of Bishopwear- 
mouth, surgeon. 

William Bacon Grey 
of Staward, Styford 
and Kyloe ; born 
7th Nov., baptised 
17th December, 
1833, at Gosforth ; 
died unmarried, 
i3thDec., I86l(/). 


Charles Bacon 
Grey, born l8th 
March, bajit. 
2Isl April, 

1835; died Jan., 
30th, 1845 (/). 

Henry Bacon Grey 
of Staward, Styford, 
and Kyloe ; born 
25th July, baptised 
29th September, 
1837 > died unmar., 
28lh Feb., 1884 

John William 
Bacon Grey, 
born August 
28lh, bapt. 
4th October, 
1838 ; died 
15th Oct., 
I S78, unmar- 

(a) Allemiale Register. 

(Ji) St. Andrew Register ^ Auckland. 

(c) Hay lion Register. 

{ti ) Warden Register, 

(e) Bvwell St. A ndrew Register. 

(/) M.I. Bywell St. Andrew. 

C?) Bamhurgh Register. 

I^h') Miss Bacon Grey's Papers. 

(./) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

{/) Raine, Test. Dunehn. 

(k) Sharp, Test. Dunehn. 

(/) Pedigree of Bacon ; Hodgson, 

Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. iii. 

pp. 374-376. 
(m) Nicholas Bro^vn's Diary. 
(h) Shiliiottle Register. 
{0) Foster, .A/urnni 0.xotiienses. 
(/) Newcastle Couraut, 2 3id January, 

1748 ; Kirkmerringlon Register. 

Edward Bacon Emily C. Bacon Grey, sis- 
Grey ; died ter and co-heiress, now 
at New York, of Staward, Styford, and 
U.S.A. 6th Kyloe. 
June, 18S6, Lucy Bacon Grey, sister 
unmarried. and co-heiress ; mar. at 

He.xham, 1890, Michael 
Grace Guiry of London, 

((/) Cf. Biographical notice, Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1752. 

(;•) Newcastle Courant, 2nd May, 1767. 

(j) Newcastle .Advertiser, 7th July, 1 792. 

(/) Newcastle Courant, 7th Feb., 1756. 

{11') Newcastle Courant, 29th Jan., 1780. 

(i/) Subscribers' List, Warburton, Vallum 

Romanum, published in 1753- 
(7(0 iM.I. Haydon. 
(.v) M.I. Ely Cathedral. 


JosEl'H B.ACON, 4th son of John Bacon of Staward, born ci'ca 1694, settled in the = Elizabeth, daughter of James 
Isle of Man in 1724, and died there 14th May, 1728 ; buried at Kirk-Christ- I Christian of MiUtown, Isle 
Lezayre (a). I of Man ; mar. 1726 (e). 


1st, Jane, daughter = John Joseph Bacon of Douglas, born 8th ■■ 

of W. Johnston ; 
died 2Sth Aug., 
1781 (e). 

July, 172S ; named in the will of his 
paternal grandfather ; died 22nd April, 
1809 ; bur. at Kirk-Onchan (/<)■ 

2nd, Anne, daughter of Joseph Cosnahan of Ballavilley 
(now called Seafield), vicar of Kirk-Braddan ; born 
27th January 1760 (e) ; married 17S2 {e) ; died 27th 
February, 1835 ; buried Kirk-Onchan (b). 

I I I I i 

John Errington, born 1760 (c) ; died s.p. 1780 (c). 
Joseph, horn 1760 ; died 1765 (c). 
Joseph, born 1770 ; died s.fl. 1805 (c). 
James, born 1771 ; died i./. 1789 (c). 
William, born 1774 ; died s./>. 1805 (c). 

Isabella, born 1750 ; died 1792 (<;)• 
Jane, born 1761 ; died 1800 (c)- 
Elizabeth, born 1762 ; died 1793 (c). 
Frances, born 1766 (c). 
Margaret, born 1768 ; died 1792 (c). 
Christian, born 1773 ; died 1808 (c). 

I I 
CtEsar, born 1787 
(c) ; died 1790 

Julius, died in 
infancy (r). 

Caesar Bacon of Seafield ; captain, 
23rd Light Dragoons ; born 
3rd May, 1791 ; married 23rd 
April, 1825 (c) ; died 29th 
May, 1876 ; buried Kirk- 
Onchan (c). 

Frances Hale, daughter 
of Cornelius Smelt, 
lieut.-col. North York 
militia and Lieut. - 
Governor of Isle of 
Man {c). 

I I I I 

Anne, born 1783 ; died 1787 (c). 

Ciceley, born 1785 ; died 1802 (c). 

Anne, born 1788 ; died 1791 (c). 

Catherine, born 1789; mar. i6th 
April, 18 ri, Richard Murray, 
colonel, 5th regiment (c). ^ 

John Joseph Bacon : 
of Seafield, capt. 
95th regiment, 
born 1 6th Dec, 
1837 W- 


Catherine Isabella, dau. of 
John Teschemaker of 
Amesfoort, Demerara, 
afterwards of E.xmouth ; 
married 29th March, 

I I 
Cornelius Ca;sar, born 
1839 ; died 1840 












John Ccfsar Bacon of Seafield, born 26th February 1870 (c). 
i^a) M.I. Kirk-Christ-Lezayre. (<}) M.I. Kirk-Onchan. 

I I I I I. 
Anne Cornelia, born 1S26 ; 

1S92 (c). 
Frances Hale, born 1827 

H. MacDougal (c)- 4, 
Catherine Mary, born 1829 

27th March, 1S70 (c). 
Ciceley Mary, born and died 18 31 (c). 
Mary Anne, born 1832 ; married Rev, 

Veysey (c). 

(c) ^v in/. Mr. J. C. Bacon, 1900. 

died unmarried 

married Rev. 

died unmarried 



Certain lands in Spiridene comprising a toft and thirty acres of land 
formerly worth 1 6s. were held of the barony of Bolbec by John de Middleton 
at the time of his rebellion,' and in an extent of lands made in 1322-23, these 
same lands were stated to be worth i6s. in time of peace, but then were 
worth nothing.- In 1391 Jacoba, widow of Sir John de Stryvelyn of Belsay, 
died seised of two husband lands in the vill of Spiriden, held of Ralph de 
Hastings by the service of id., but they were at that time of no value on 
account of the Scottish raid.' Five years afterwards, it was stated that 
the two tenements and thirty acres of land in Speryden, held of the lord of 
Bolbec in socage by Sir John de Middleton and Christina his wife, were 
worth 1 2d. a year." 


The township of Bywell St. Andrew represents that moiety of the vill 
of Bywell which belonged to the barony of Bolbec. It comprises an area 
of 224 acres abutting on the Tyne, together with si.\ detached portions of 
178 acres, 402 acres in all.^ 

About the year 1240,'' Roger de Caldecotes and Matilda his wife, and 
Gilbert de Herle and Mariota his wife, held the moiety of Bywell from 
Hugh de Bolbec by the service of one knight's fee of the old feoffment.^ 
Owing to the union of the baronies of Bolbec and Bywell in the same 
lord, the history of the several moieties of the vill of Bywell cannot be 
clearly traced, but William Lawson of Cramlington, who was seised of lands 
in Bywell, Birkenside, and Whittonstall, died on the 27th of May, 1480, his 
sister and heiress being ' domina ' Isabel Boynton, widow, then sixty years 
of age.'* Dame Isabel Boynton was succeeded by a cadet branch of the 

' /)((/. ad quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. No. 121. Inquiry taken at Newcastle, January 4th, 1318/9. 

■Ibid. 16 Edw. II. No. 67. 

" Inq.p.m. 14 Ric. II. No. 47. C/. Inq. p.m. 2 Ric. II. No. 49. ' Inq. p.m. 20 Ric. II. No. 37. 

^ The township of Bywell St. .Andrew was, by an order of the Local Government Board, dated 20th 
December, 1886, added to the reconstructed township of Bywell and to the townships of Bearl and 

' Testa de Nevill, p. 382. 

' The dividing line between the 'old' and the 'new' feoffments was the death of Henry I. in 1135. 
All fees existing at that date were of the antiquum feoffamentum ; all fees created subsequently were of 
the novum feoffamentum. Cj. Mado.x, Baronia Anglica, p. 29, and Round, Commune of London, p. 59. 

' Inq. p.m. Will. Lawson, 20 Edw. IV. No. 64 ; taken at Newcastle, l6th March, 1480/1. 



Lawson' family, who continued to hold lands in Bywell until the beginning 
of the seventeenth century. They were connected by marriage with the 
Hodgsons of Newcastle and Hebbuni, and the Widdringtons of Healey. 

Lawson of Bywell = 

Edward Lawson of 
Bywell Andrew, 
and owner of lands 
at Prestwick-hall ; 
will dated l8th 
April, 1580 (a). 


Barbara, dau. John Lawson 

ofJohnWid- of Bywell, 

drington of gentleman, 

Healey (a). dead before 

l8th Oct., 


John Lawson, to whom his father gave his lands in 
Prestwick-hall (a). 

James Lawson, to whom his father gave lands in 
Corbridge, and his uncle Alexander a contingent 
interest in a house in Pilgrim Street, Newcastle («). 

Edward Lawson (a). 

Jane, to marry James Shafto (a). 

Agnes (a). Elizabeth (a). Margaret (a). 

Catherine, living 1570 (a). 

Alexander Lawson 
of Newcastle, mer- 
chant adventurer ; 
apprenticed 1547-48 
to \Vm. Lawson of 
Newcastle, booth- 
man (/<); will dated 
4th April, 1580 
(a) ; buried at St. 
Nicholas's, New- 
castle, 6th April, 

Margaret, widow 

of Shield; 

dead before the 
date of her hus- 
band's will. 

Martin, living 
4th April, 1580 
(a) ; will dated 
pr. 1584 ; to be 
buried ' in my 
of Sanct An- 
drew Bywell ' 

Jane, married 
... Thompson, 
living 1 580 (rt). 

George Lawson, sole executor of his father's will (a), being 
then under age (a). 

Robert Lawson, son of John Lawson of Bywell, apprenticed l8th October, 1579, = Agnes 
to his uncle, Alexander Lawson ; set over to Richard Hodgson 19th Jan., 
1580/1 (/<) ; free of the Merchants' Company before 1st June, 1590 ((5) ; men- 
tioned in his uncle's will (a). 


bur. 1st 
Nov. 1 602 

John Lawson, named in the 
will of his uncle Edward, 
1 8th April, 1580 (a). 

Henry Lawson (c). George (c). 

(a) Wills of Edward Lawson of Bywell, Alexander Lawson of Newcastle, and John Widdrington of Temple 
Healey ; Dttrhiim Wills and Inventories^ Raine, vol. i. pp. 321, 431-433. 

(Ji) Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. Surt. Soc. No. loi. 

Ic) Life of Mrs. Dorothy Lawson of St. .inthony's : Newcastle, 1854. (a') Raine, Test. Dunehn. 

April iSth, 1580. Will of Edward Lawsone, gent., of the parish of Bywell Androu. My body to be 
buryed in the churche porche in my parish church with my deuties doinge. To my six (younger) 
children, Jene, James, Agnes, Elsabethe, Edward and Margret, ffto apiece; my wife Barbary to have 
her thirds C|iieitlie of all my lands and goods and leasses. I give Prestwyck-hall, the demain, with the 
apptntenancs, to my eldest son ; to Mr. Cuthbert Carnaby of Halton, 6s. Sd. ; to my god-dowghter, 
Mabell Carnabye, one ewe; to Mr. Rawff Lawsonne, los.; to Mr. Henry Lawsone, los.; to Mr. Richard 
Hodshone, Mr. William Hodshonne, Mr. Robert Hodshonne, los. apiece; and to Mr. Robert 
Wetherington, my brother-in-law, 6s. 8d.; I forgeve Georg Lawsonne of Newton-hall all the debt which 
he owethe me; to Henry Nicolson, 6s. Sd.; to his wif, los.; and my brother's son, John Lawsone, los. 
My sister Janet shall have every yeare one lood of rye, one booll of malt, and one boole of otts during 
her lifif. I geve tnito Robert Thomson, her sonne, 205.; to Robert Lawsonn, my brother sone, 20s., 
desiring Mr. Rawff Lawsonne to be good unto him and help him. I will that my brother Martin shall 
have meat and drink abowt this hows during his liff without controling or checking of any person. To 
Elsabethe Wetheringtonne, one kovv ; to Agnes Wetherington, one qwy ; to Elsabeth Sympson, one qwy ; 
to my godsonne Edward Newton, one gymmer ; to iny godsonne William Lawson of Newton-hall, one 
gymmer ; to one of Roger Fenwycke children which I am godfather unto, one gymmer. I forgeve James 
Lawsonne the debt that he is owen mee. I geve unto John Lawson of Newton-hall, 2s.; to Marmaduke 
Fenwyk, los.; and to his brother Roger, los.; to John Thewe, the black vicar, ss. My six (younger) 
children executors. I appount Mr. Rawffe Lawson, esqier, Mr. Henry Lawsonne of Neasome (?), Mr. 
William Hodshonne of the Manor-hous, and yong James Shaftoo,^ if he mary my doughter Jene, to be 

' George Lawson of Bywell, gent., living 19th March, 1524, was at that time the last feoffee of the 
lands of the chantry of St. Mary in the chapel of Morpeth. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 399. 

- It is probable that James Shafto did marry Jane Lawson, for a person of his surname was in 
possession of Prestwick in 1663. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 258. 



my supervisors of this my last will, and to sc that my wif and children be not wronged, as my special 
trust is in them. And I appoint my eldest sonne John and my wif Barbary Lawson to be governed, 
ruled and defended by Mr. Rawff, as my special trust is in hime. I geve unto my sonne James Lawsonne 
the land with all the appurtenances in Corbridge.' 

In 1608 John Lawson of By well was one of the freeholders who owed 
suit and service within the baronies : he seems to have also held the lands 
belonging to his mother's family at Healey, but no freeholder of the name 
appears upon the Book of Rates in 1663, and from that time this small 
holding has been merged in the larger estate held successively by the 
Fenwicks and Beaumonts. 

Bywell-hall was built about the middle of the eighteenth century, after 
designs by Paine, who was also the architect of Belford-hall, Gosforth-house, 
and other houses in the county. It is built of freestone obtained from a 
quarry at Acomb. Wallis, writing about 1769, describes it as situated 

'in a bounded, low, but delightful situation, beautifully rural, by the banks of the river Tyne, having a grass 
lawn before it to the south, with a dwarf wall and a high road between it and the river, the south borders of 

which are adorned with stately oaks 
and other forest trees,' and some pieces 
of statuary, which on a sunny day are 
finely imaged by the water. To the 
east it has in view not only a pleasant 
garden noted for early productions, but 
also two churches within so small a 
distance almost as a stone's cast from 
each other, a salmon weir, two pillars 
of stone in the river which formerly 
supported a bridge.' ' 

To this building additions 
have recently been made by 
the present owner. On a 
spot* near the entrance gates, 
and on the south side of the 
drive, the ancient village 
cross stood until 1852, when 
it was transferred to its 
present position to the east 
of the road leading to St. 
Peter's church. 

BvwELL Village' Cross. 

' Durham Wills and Inventories, Raine, vol. i. p. 432. Surt. Soc. No. 2. 

' For some notices of the trees at Bywell, see Nat. Hist. Trans. Northd. and Durham, vol. v. p. 74. 
^ Wallis, Northumberland, vol. i. p. 57, vol. ii. p. 150. The house replaced an older structure ; cf. 
Mackenzie, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 351. * Marked on the old six-inch Ordnance maps. 






When Walter de Bolbec founded the abbey of Blanchland, in 1165, 
he endowed the Norbertian canons there with the church of Bywell, with 
its chapels of Styford, Shotley, and Apperley.^ The ordination of St. 
Andrew's vicarage, which is no longer extant, took place before the year 
1 29 1, as is shown by the entries in Pope Nicholas's Taxation, in which" the 
value of the rectory is returned at £2"] 14s., and that of the vicarage at 
£b OS. 6d.^ In 131 5 the bishop of Durham issued a commission, addressed 
to the archdeacon of Northumberland and others, to enquire as to the 
right of presentation to the vicarage of Bywell St. Andrew, then vacant 

by the cession of William de 
Norton, who had become abbot 
of Blanchland.^ Up to the 
period of the dissolution of the 
monasteries, the abbot and con- 
vent almost invariably presented 
one of their members to the 
bishop for institution to the 

Shortly before the dis- 
solution, the abbot and convent 
of Blanchland had granted the 
next presentation of the benefice, apparently in connection with a lease of 
the rectory, to John Swinburne, esq., and Cuthbert Blunt of Newcastle, 
merchant. About the year 1564, after the death of Henry Spragon, vicar 
of St. Andrew's, there was a dispute about the nomination of his successor. 
Barbara, the widow of Cuthbert Blunt, through Thomas Blunt, her son, 
presented David Taylor, while John Swinburne had presented Thomas 
Brown, rector of Whitfield, ' a person of good and honest fame.' An 
inquest, dc jure patronatus, was held in St. Andrew's church on May 24th, 

' Dugdale, Monastkon, ed. Caley and Ellis, vol. vi. p. 886. 

■■' Pope Nicholas's Taxation. Hodgson, Northtnnbcrland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 350. 

^ September, 1315. 'Item dicunt, quod abbas et conventus (de Alba Landa) sunt veri patroni 
ejiisdem, et ultimo piaeseutarunt ad eandcm, et sunt in possessione praesenlandi ; ct dicunt quod valet, 
tempore pacis, centum solidos, nee est pensionaria alicui, vel litigiosa.' Bishop Kcllatcc's Register, Rolls 
Series, vol. ii. p. 726. 

BvwELL St. Andrew's Church, 1824. 

Vol. VI. 



1564, when Swinburne obtained a declaration in his favour.' The lease 
to Swinburne and Blunt having expired, a new lease, for a term of 21 
years, of a moiety of the rectory was granted on the 19th June, 1579, to 
William Simpson, senior, at the reserved rent of £1 6s. 8d., ' also to keep 
in good repair the moiety of the chancell.'- The other moiety came into 
the hands of Anthony RadclifFe and Gilbert Swinburne, against whom John 
Ward brought a suit in 1586.' 

On the loth October, 1607, the rectory and church of Bywell St. 
Andrew, ' in consideration of the good, true, faithful and acceptable service 
of Thomas, viscount Fenton, captain of the Guard,' were granted to George 
Warde and Robert Morgan, gents., their heirs and assigns, to hold of the 
king as of the manor of East Greenwich, at the reserved rent of ^ 6 13s. 4d.^ 
From the Crown grantees the rectory and advowson, after passing through 
the hands of John Heath and John Tempest of Old Durham, who, in 
1663, were assessed for the same at :£i20 per annum, ^ were acquired by 
the family of Thornton of Netherwitton, and were forfeited to the Crown 
on the attainder of John Thornton in 1716. 

Before his attainder, Mr. Thornton (who, as a Roman Catholic, was 
disabled from exercising the right of presentation) had conveyed the 
advowsons of Bywell St. Andrew and Slaley to John Aynsley, a solicitor 
in Hexham, in trust, subject, however, to a conveyance previously made 
to Mr. William Fenwick of Bywell.*^ Although the bulk of the family 
estates were purchased from the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates by 
Mr. Thornton's eldest son, Thomas, the rectory of Bywell St. Andrew 

' HunUv MS. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, Bywell Guard Book. ■ Pat. Rolls, 21 Eliz. pt. 2. 

' Exchequer Depositions by Com. 29 Eliz. 38//! Report of Deputy Keeper of Public Records, p. 236. 

^ Pat. Rolls, 5 James I. pt. 27. 

* Book of Rates. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 344. 

" Jo. Aynsley to 'John Fenwick, esq., att his house in Bywell.' 2nd December, 1723. 'There was a 
conveyance made to the late Mr. William Fenwick of those two presentations (Bywell St. Andrew and 
Slaley) ; but he, att the same time, both by deed and bond under hand and seal, declared that that 
conveyance to him was only in trust for Mr. Thornton and his heirs .... As I am a purchaser for a 
valuable consideration, I am determined to assert my right ; and if I am disturbed in the enjoyment of 
what I purchased, I must have recourse to Mr. Thornton's covenants in his conveyance to me; by which 
he is obliged to maintain my title thereto.' F'rom the original in the possession of Mr. Richard Welford. 

Mr. Carr, vicar of Bywell St. Andrew, on the 9th February, 1724/5' writes to Mr. John Fenwick, 
at Bywell. 'I received the account of a living, which I have an interest in, becoming vacant, last Friday 
night ; and take this first opportunity of acquainting you therew^ith that you may make your claim (with 
all convenient speed and secrecy) to the patronage of Bywell St. Andrew, which I design to quit at or 
about May-day. If the circumstance of your affairs should make it necessary to do it sooner, in order to 
avoid or prevent vexatious opposition of your title, I shall not stick to do it, hoping I shall not suffer 
with you upon that account.' From the original in the possession of Mr. Richard Welford. 


was sold to William Smith of London, between whom and Aynsley 
and Fenwick disputes arose, which were only settled by Mr. Thornton 
buying Smith out.' Finally, by deed dated 22nd December, 1743,' the 
advowson of Bywell St. Andrew was conveyed by Mr. James Thornton of 
Netherwitton to John Fenwick of Bywell, and it has since been possessed 
by the proprietor of Bywell hall. 

The church of St. Andrew has to a large extent been re-constructed 
in modern times, though the ground plan has been preserved. A number 
of stones, having architectural details upon them, now lying at the east 
end of the chancel, show that much good work has disappeared and that 
there were responds, if not columns, of Early English date in the church. 
It consists at present of a tower, nave, south transept, modern north 
transept, and chancel ; all the ancient parts, with the exception of the 
prae -Conquest tower, appear to have been built in the early part of the 
thirteenth century. 

The chancel arch is of two chamfered orders, with plain hood moulding 
on the west side. The inner order springs from moulded corbels, one of 
which is enriched with the nail-head ornament. The jambs are modern. 
In the south wall of the chancel at the east end is a small piscina which 
has a pointed arch without jambs. 

The transept has an arch of two chamfered orders, springing from 
semi-octagonal corbels decorated with the nail-head moulding. At the 
south end is a window of two lights, the head of which is shouldered, 
made out of two almost contemporary grave covers, one of a man, the 
other of a woman. At the south end of the east side is a small piscina 
within a flat-pointed arch. 

The south door of the nave is pointed, with a label and chamfered 
jambs of one order ; it has a chamfered dripstone terminated at each end 
by a head. The head of the doorway on the inside is a grave cover of 
a woman, with a plain Latin cross which has a pair of shears on one 
side of it ; the shaft of the cross has a zigzag of two incised lines along it. 
The edge of the cover is chamfered, and apparently has been ornamented 
with an incised zigzag. 

' iSth March, 1723 : Bargain and sale from the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates to WilHam 
Smith, esq., of the rectory and tithes of Bywell St. Andrew and Slaley, and of the moiety of the prebend 
of Chester-le-Street, forfeited on the attainder of John Thornton. Ex Netherwitton cartis ; Rev. John 
Hodgson's Collection, ' W,' 209 ; cf. Hodgson, Northuinlierland, pt. ii. vol. i. pp. 31S, 32S. 

'' Miss Hedley's Deeds. 


The tower arch seems to be made out of old materials reset; it is 
of one order, with a chamfered hood mould. The imposts, which are 
chamfered on each face, are returned. 

The tower is the part of the church which possesses the highest 
interest, not only on account of its antiquity, but from the striking feature 
it forms in the landscape, the effect of which it greatly enhances. Among 
those of the remarkable class of towers to which it belongs, it may claim 
to hold the highest place in the county. It stands in close neighbourhood 
to others of similar date and construction, those of Ovingham and Corbridge 
belonging to adjoining parishes, that of Warden, not very much higher 
up the Tyne, and Bolam at no great distance to the north. 

These slender, campanile-like structures, without buttresses and with 
other well-marked characteristics, into the consideration of which it is not 
necessary to enter in this place, are found in several parts of the Anglian 
area, extending from Northumberland to Lincolnshire. They belong, 
probably, to a period not long before the Norman Conquest, when, after 
various vicissitudes, the land had become peaceful and prosperous under 
the reign of Edward the Confessor. 

The tower of St. Andrew's church, as has already been remarked, 
is as fine an example of its class as can be found either in Northumberland 
or elsewhere. It consists of four stages, and is fifty-five feet high, measuring 
on the exterior sixteen feet three inches from north to south on the west 
face, fourteen feet ten and a half inches from east to west on the north face, 
and fourteen feet nine inches on the south. The interior measurements are : 
eleven feet three-quarter inches on the west side, eleven feet four inches on 
the east side, nine feet eight inches on the north, and nine feet eleven and a 
half inches on the south side. The west wall is two feet seven inches thick, 
and the east two feet three inches. The tower is not quite square, the 
angles not being true rectangles. The lowest stage opens into the nave by 
the re-constructed arch already mentioned ; it has an early window on the 
south face, of the same date as the tower, and a modern one on the west 
face. The second stage has on the west face a plain opening, the semi- 
circular head of which is cut out of one stone. In the south jamb of this 
window on the inside, part of the shaft of a cross is built in.^ This once 
stood, there can be no doubt, in the cemetery attached to an earlier church, 

' See plate of grave covers. 










- v-^*^^:^'!^^^^;*?*^' '■ 

- -■1. - ' " ^ -J^ ■ -■■/^^'"' j^ i- "! - . J 

f..>^<!g^?y-\'^:-^ A^ 

A; \ 




O ^ 9 6 =*' 

















probably one of wood. The third stage has only one opening on the 
south face. It consists of a semi-circular headed light, the head being 
cut out of one stone, and has a strip label above it supported on flat 
pilasters with bases and capitals similar to those of the stage above it. 
The fourth and upper stage is separated from that below it by a plain 
roughly-squared projecting string course, which is carried round all the four 
faces of the tower. There is on each face a double-light opening with a 
mid-wall circular shaft having a flat impost, which extends through the wall 
and projects a little beyond its exterior surface. Similar imposts in the 
jambs support the arch-formed heads of the lights, which are each cut out of 
one stone, the outer as well as the inner sides being cut to a semi-circle. 
The whole is enclosed within semi-circular hood moulds of strip work, which 
spring from blocks above the impost stones, and are supported by flat pilaster 
shafts on bases, which project beyond the sills. The tympana within the 
hood moulds contain circular openings cut out of one stone, and without 
the hood moulds on either side, at the level of their crowns, are similar 
circular openings. The introduction of these openings, whatever purpose they 
may have served, adds greatly to the effect of the upper stage of the tower. 

A number of grave covers were found at the re-building, most of which 
are now built into the walls on the north side of the present church, others, 
already mentioned, form parts of the ancient work. In all, there are 
seventeen perfect or nearly so and eleven imperfect or fragmentary. Nine 
have swords upon them and the same number have shears. One which has a 
beautiful cross-head is destitute of any symbol. The others which have some 
object in addition to the cross are, two with a heater-shaped shield, on one 
of which is a lion rampant, the arms of the family of de Insula (Lisle) of 
Newton, the other being plain ; one with a rude cross has a round buckler 
placed on the sword and an object which cannot be identified ; on another is 
a hunting horn with its sling ; a perfect one has a cross with a head of great 
beauty, which resembles a flower of eight petals with a vein down the 
middle of each. There is also a small portion of a cover of the Domus 
ultima type, the tiles of which are pointed. 

The following goods belonged to By well St. Andrew in 1552: 

One selver challes, xl s., iiii vestmentes, iiii alter clothes, iii tyu-elles, ii crowettes, ii candellstykes of 
brase, ii belles in the stepell, one handbell, a saking bell, ii corperaxes.' 

' Inventories of Church Goods, Page, p. l66. Surt. Soc. No. 97. 



The two 'belles in the stepell ' are probably the ancient and very 
interesting bells which still hang in the tower. The church possesses, 
with some modern plate, a cup inscribed Bywcll St. Andrew^ 1642.' 

At the close of the eighteenth century a fine series of hatchments, or 
'achievements,' of the Fenwick family were hung on the walls of the church." 


Sacred to the memory of Charles Bacon of Styford, esq., who died -September iSth, 1830, aged 70 
years. Also of Dorothy, his widow, died July 7th, 1S36, aged 74 years. 

In memory of John William Hacon, esq., eldest son of Charles ISacon of Styford, esq., who died 
January Sth, 1826, aged 32 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Bacon Grey of Styford, esq., who died September ist, 1855, aged 
59 years. And of Emily, his w-ife, who died January 5th, 1878, aged 72 years. 

Charles Bacon Grey, born i8th March, 1835, died 30th January, 1845. 

.Sacred to the memory of William Bacon Grey of Styford, esq., who died December 13th, 1861, aged 
28 years ; and of Henry Bacon Grey, also of Styford, esq., who died February 28th, 1884, aged 46 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Laura Maria Teresa Beauclerk of Riding-house, wife of Lord Charles 
Beauclerk, and daughter of Colonel Edward Stopford, who departed this life on the 29th of September, 
1858. in the 32nd year of her age. 

John Fenwick, esq., M.P., ob'. December 19th, 1747, aet. 50. 

Margaret, wife of William Fenwick, esq., ob. March 17th, 1769, aet. 53. 

William Fenwick, esq., ob'. August 27th, 1782, aged 60. 

Sacred to the beloved and respected memory of William Fenwick, esq., who died November the 
26th, 1802, aged 53 ; this monument is affectionately and devoutly ra sed. 

In loving memory of George Fenwick, who died January i6th, 1883, aged 71 ; of Frances Alice 
Fenwick, who died April 3rd, 1884, aged 62 ; of Francis Fenwick, who died October 21st, 1884, aged 31 ; 
of Hugh Fenwick, who died January 12th, 1893, aged 49. 

Insignia D. Christophori Hall, de Newsham, co. Dunelm., armigeri qui unicam filiam et heredem D. 
Blackiston de Chilton ejusdem com. in u.\orem duxit, idibus Junii anno Christi nato 1675 aetatis suae 
octagesimo quarto fatis concessit ; corpusque ejus in hac ecclesia S. Andreae requiescit ; cujus 
aeternam memoriam ejus charissima [filia] D. Catherina Fenwick de Bywell, maerens posuit. 

Underneath this tombstone is interred William, son of Mr. Oswald and Mrs. Elizabeth Hind 
of Stelling, who departed this life October ye 24th, 1758, aged 29. He was greatly esteemed by all his 
acquaintances, and justly lamented by his friends. A little to the south from this stone lies the body of 
Mr. Oswald Hind of Stelling, who died the 29th August, 1781, aged 75 years. Also the body of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hind, wife of Oswald Hind, who departed this life January 9th, 1797, aged 87 years. 
Also the body of Mr. John Hind, son of the above, who departed this life Dec. 13th, 1800, aged 53 years. 

' Proceedings of Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, vol. iii. p. 129. 

^ The Duke of Northumberland's MSS. The series comprised the following hatchments : i. William 
Fenwick (died 1679-80), or his wife Catherine, daughter of Christopher Hall of Newsham, co. Durham. 
Fenwick impaling, argent, a chevron engrailed a'^ure betiveen three talbots' lieuds sable; on a chief <f the 
second as many mullets of the first, for Hall. 2. William Fenwick (died 1719), or his wife, Susanna, 
daughter of John Bacon of Staward. Fenwick iinpaling^, gules, on a chief argent tuv mullets sable, 
for Bacon (conventional). 3. John Fenwick (died 1747). Fenwick impaling argent two bars and in 
chief three escallops azure, for Errington. 4. Margaret Fenivick (died 1727). Fenwick with Fenwick 

on an escutcheon of pretence. 5. Alice Fenwick (died ), same as No. 3. 6. William Fenwick 

(died 1782), quartering (2) a fess bet-u'een three bears (? Lyham borne as Strother), and (3) a lion rampant 
within a bordure engrailed (Grey of Wallington), impaling ermine a boar passant azure on a chief or two 
mullets gules (Pjacon of Staward, granted 1752). 7. Margaret Fenwick (died 1769), same as No. 6. 
8. Christopher Hall (died 1675), quartering sable three combs argent (Tunstal), and on an escutcheon of 
pretence argent two bars and in chief three cocks gules (Blakiston) ; the last hatchment is still preserved in 
the south transept. 


Sacred to the memory of Margaret Hind of Ovington Lodge, who died the I2th of February, 1S35, 
aged 86 years. 

Miss Elizabeth Hind, Ovington Lodge, died August iSth, 1S15, aged 82 years. 

Mrs. Margaret Johnson, wife of the Rev. Henry Johnson, vicar, died May i6th, iSoi, aged 50 years. 
Miss Eleanor Johnson, died March, 1802, aged 27. Miss Mary Johnson, died May 6th, 1S09, aged 
32 years. Miss Jane Johnson, died March 6th, 1813, aged 33 years. Miss Julia Johnson, died June 
20th, 1814, aged 32 years. Walter H. Johnson, died February, 1821, aged 37. The Rev. Henry 
Johnson, vicar of Bywell, died February 8th, 182S, aged 84 years. 

In memory of Edward Loraine, esq., of the Riding, who died February i6th, 1882, aged 78, youngest 
son of Sir William Loraine, bart., of Kirkharle, Northumberland. Also of his sister, Caroline Loraine, 
who died September 24th, 1888, aged 86. 

Here lieth the body of Robert Robinson of Riding-mill, who departed December ye i8th, 1735. 
.And likewise ye body of Elianor, wife of John Doutflower of Riding-mill, who departed November 13th, 
1735. John Boutflower, died September ye 2nd, 1742, aged 55. 

In memory of Julia Alice Salvin, who died March 31st, 1880, aged 70 years. 

Erected in memory of Hugh Shield of Broomhaugh ; he died December 21st, 1S40, in the 75th year 
of his age. 

-Sacred to the memory of John Shield, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Broomhaugh, who departed 
this life 6th August, 1848, aged So years. Isabella Shield, died 14th December, 1851, aged 80 years. 

Ralph Smith of Riding, esq., ob' March 25th, 1786, aet. 64. 

Vicars of Bywell St. Andrew. 

William de Norton, vicar of Bywell St. Andrew, was elected abbot of Blanchland in 131 5 (t). 
1315. Robert de Werkworth, canon of Blanchland, instituted 13th September {e). 

1353 {circa). Gilbert de Mynstanacres,perpetual vicar of Bywell, possessed a tenement in Corbridge (g) (d). 
1372 {circ(i). Thomas de Ingleby, 'vicar del eglise de Bywell,' occurs 6th May, 1372 (r). 

William de Stokton (rf). 
1403. Hugh de Doram per res. Stokton {d). 
1431. John de Hesilden, after the death of Doram [d). 
1448. John de Derlington, after the death of Hesilden {d). 
1469. John de Hertilpole, after the death of Derlington (d). 
1476 (circa). John Blakhos, occurs ist April, 16 Edw. IV. (/i). 
1525 {circa). John Stamp, canon of Blanchland {b) (if); he heads the list of Bywell tenants made in 

152s (/)• 

1534 (or 1535). Henry Spragen, canon of Blanchland, inst. nth August after the resignation of 
Stamp (i) {d). 

1564. Thomas Brown, rector of Whitfield, inst. Sth May, 1564, after the death of Spragen, on the 
presentation of John Swinburne of Chopwell, and Cuthbert Blunt, merchant, assigns of the 
abbot and convent of Blanchland {h) (d). 

1 571. Edmund Robinson, M.A., inst. 19th July, after the death of Brown, on the presentation of the 
Queen {b) (rf), also vicar of Warkworth. 

1575. William Ashton, inst. 13th November (a), after the death of Robinson on the presentation of 
the Queen {b) {dj. His will, dated 3rd February, 161 1, was proved at Durham in 1613. I give 
the lease of the tenement belonging to the church unto the next vicar, if he let the same come 
to the next vicar after him ; also a cubbord in the hall and two bedsteads, a great chist in 
the lofte, another in the stable, and another I bought, to remain and chide to the next vicar, 
and he to allow the dilapidation for the same. I give to the poor of the parish 20s., to be 
given as thought meate and convenient to all the parish, except these, John Lawson, George 
Lawson, Henri Foster and his son John, John Ridley, nor Peter Driden, and these to have noe 
sayeinge of anything of myne, for they have done what they can to hurt and hinder the church 


and me ; to Aynes Wetheiinglon, ^6 Ss. 41!., which is owen unto her, she also to have my 
householil stuff; to Bartholomew I'cscod, niy iron chimney ; to Thomas King, £/], in tlie 
hands of John Lawson of Hely, and the other ^3 in the hands of the said John Lawson, as 
his bill will declare, to his sone Robert Lawson. I give a boull of oatts and one salmon unto 
Mr. Horsley for telling John Lawson and George Lawson how damnable a thing it was to robb 
a church of the right with false othes ; to Clement Fiekarwham of Hadon Bridge, 6s. ; to 
Haydon church, 2s. ; to the bridge, 2s. ; and to Newbrough church, 2s. I give nothing' to 
Bywell .\ndrew church, because George Lawson, the church robber, hath all the sayinge in the 
parish ; and for Mr. Foster and his wife they will pay no tithe willingly, but 1 cannot blame 
them soe much ; to Christopher I'inkney, my best capp for a token ; to Sir James Hobson, a 
tippet ; to Catherine EUerington, two sheepe hoggs in the hands of William Horsley ; to 
William Horsley, his sonne, half of the sheepe in keeping for me ; to Agnes Manlears and her 
sister Jannett, each a boull of rye. I appoint Jeffrey Farbricke and Thomas Pescod my 
executors, to divide my goods among my friends, that is to say, John Cowper, Ralph Cowper, 
George Farbricke and his sister Agnes, and Tliomas Pescod's children, and if they cannot 
agree themselves, then I will my goods be given to the poor. My books to Bartholomew 
Pescod and his father ; to Mr. Thomas Horsley, for speakeing the truth to the Lawsons, a 
book called 'Ramonde' ; to Elinor Pescod, my great pott. Whereas John Lawson and George 
Lawson saycth I forgave the ^10 unto John Lawson, there never was such a thingc, as 1 must 
answer before God. The inventory of the testator's goods amounted to ^52 5s. 4d., and his 
debts to /"36 17s. lod. {m). 

161 1. John Hutton, M.A. (.''of Queen's coll., 0.\on.), instituted 12th March, gave a tenement in Bywell, 
called Three Quarter Land, to the benefice (rf); afterwards vicar of Warden {%). 

161S. Thomas Carter per res. Hutton (rf). 

1637. Ralph Carr, inst. 26th August, after the death of Carter (ii) (rf), on the presentation of the 
University of Cambridge (ci) ; vicar of Warden, 1642, of .'Xlnham and of Edlingham, 1662 (j). 

1643. Andrew Hall, inst. 28th June, on the presentation of William Radclyffe (a) ; enfranchised the 
tenement called Three Quarter Land by purchase from Sir John Fenwick of Wallington (rf). 

1667. Robert Simpson of Queen's coll., O.xon., matric. 9th December, 1653 ; B.A. 1657 ; inst. igth 

February, 1667, after the death of Hall {d); vicar of Lazonby and rector of Long Marton, 
Westmorland, 1661 ; vicar of Warkworth, 1686 ; bond of marriage 14th December, 1668, 
Robert Simpson of Bywell St. Andrew, clerk, and Martha Brown, widow (see vol. v. 
p. 186). 

1668. George Ritschell, the elder (A), also curate and lecturer of He.xham, buried in Hexham quire 

30th November, 1683 («) (see vol. iii. pp. i6g, 172). 
1684 (?). John Fawcett (? of Queen's coll. O.xon. matric. 10th July, 1635), after the death of Ritschell (rf). 
1690. John Ritschell, after the cession of Fawcett (rf), son of George Ritschell of Hexham ; of 

Trinity coll., Oxon. ; matric. 26th March, 1680, aged 18; B.A. from St. Alban hall, 1683; 

incorporated at Cambridge 1687, and M.A. from Christ's coll., 1687. Administration of his 

personal estate was granted at Durham, 15th August, 1705, to his mother, Jane Ritschell ; 

buried in Hexham church June 3rd, 1705 (k) (/). 
1705. John Stewart, after the death of Ritschell (rf). 
171 1. William Dunn, on the presentation of William Fenwick, esq. {d). 
1718. Joseph Carr of Corpus Christ! coll., Oxon., matric. nth November, 1706, as son of Joseph Carr of 

Newcastle, aged 16; B.A., 1710, instituted 20th March, 1718, on the presentation of William 

Fenwick, esq. (a). He was residing at Newcastle in 1722, when he polled at the election of 

knights of the shire. 
1729. Matthew Robinson, M.A., instituted i8th November, 1729, on the presentation of William Smith, 

esq. (a). He was residing at Bedlington in 1734, when he polled at the election of knights of 

the shire. 
1757. '-Richard Fleming, B.A., instituted 21st .March, after the death of Robinson, on the presentation of 

William Fenwick, esq. {a). 


1778. -John Fleming, M. A., of Lincoln coll., Oxon., matric. 1764; B.A. 1767; M.A. 1770; instituted 3rd 

August, 177S, on the presentation of William Fcnwick, esq. (11) ; died 24th December, 1789, 

aged 45 (k). 
1790. -''Henry Johnson, instituted 25th March, on the presentation of William Fenwick, esq. {a); died 

8th February, 1828, aged 84 (A'). 
1828. William Railton. He was residing at the Riding in 1832, when he polled for glebe lands at 

1841. Joseph Birch, of Pembroke Coll., Oxon., matric. Sth June, 1827; B.A. 1831 ; M.A. 1837; vicar of 

West Teignmouth, Devon, from 1862 to his death, 4th May, 1871. 
1843. Joseph Jaques, M.A., previously perpetual curate of Allendale, died Sth May, 1866, aged 68 {k). 
1866. Henry Slater, scholar of St. Catherine hall, Cambridge; B.A. 1S47 ; M.A. 1857 ; honorary canon 

of Newcastle 1889. 
1895. George Edward Richmond of University coll., Oxon., matric. 15th October, 1S79 ; B.A. 1881 ; 

M.A. 1887. 

;;; Also vicar of St. Peter's church. 

(a) Public Record Office Liluy Inslitutionuin. {g) Deeds in .St. Margaret's Vestry, Durham. 

(b) Ex Durhcim Episcopal Registers. Rev. John /I n/i. /It-/, (new series) vol. ii. p. 33. 

Hodgson's Collection, ' M,' 169, 185, 191, (/;) Ex Hind MSS. Arch. Acl. vol. ii. (new 

195, 231. series) p. 127. 

(c) /,uiisrfoiiv;t' i\/S. 326, fol. 103, b. 105. Hodgson, (/) Hodgson, iVo)'//iKmifW(iHJ, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 407. 

NortliHiithcrland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 48. (Jt) M.I. Bywell St. Andrew. 

{d) KawAM, Stale of the Churches. (I) Bywell St. Andrew Register, 

{c) Bishop Kellazae's Register (Rolls series), vol. ii. (;/;) Durham Probate Registry. 

pp. 726, 727. (") Hexliam Registers. 

(0) Arch. Acl. vol. i. (new series) p. 134. 

In the great flood of Sunday, November 17th, 1771, the whole viUage 
of Bywell was under water, which stood eight feet deep in the ground floor 
rooms of the hall. Ten houses were swept away, and si.x persons lost 
their lives. The horses of Mr. Fenwick and others were got into St. 
Andrew's church, and, it is stated, saved themselves by holding on to the 
tops of the high pews. One mare mounted the communion table. ^ 

The ancient vicarage, demolished in 1852, and the glebe called Three 
Quarter Land were given to Mr. Beaumont, and a new vicarage was built in 
1 86 1 at Riding-mill. The parish register, as now existing, begins in 1668. 
The following are selections from it : 

1 668 [Robertus] filius Gulielnii Fenwick de Bywell armigeri, baptizatus fuit decimo octavo die 

mensis Aprilis. 
1668, June Sth. Susanna, daughter of George Fewster of Bearl, baptised. 
1702, June 25th. John, son of John Green of Styford, baptised. 
1719, October 20th. Mrs. Catherine Loraine of Morpeth, buried. 
1723, July 7th. Michael Welden of Bywell-hall, esq., buried. 

1761, March llth. John, son of Henry Leighton of Bromley, shot at the riot at Hexham, March 9th. 
1779, May I ith. Alice, daughter of Mr. Anthony and Mrs. Elizabeth Fewster of Riding-mill, baptised. 
1715, December ist. Thomas Forster of Wylam, and Mary Hind, widow, of Bearl, married. 

' Cf. Sykes, Local Records, vol. i. p. 2S7. 
Vol. VI. 32 



The township of Rtarl is comprised in one highly productive farm of 
arable and pasture land oF 411 acres, together with a small detached piece 
of 7 acres locally situated in the parish of Bywell St. Peter, 418 acres in all.* 
From the homestead there is an extensive prospect, and near by is a valuable 
quarry for millstones and grindstones. In igoi there was a population of 48.* 

Berehill was granted by Walter de Bolbec, who died before 1 187,' to 
William de Insula of Woodburn, and about 1240, under the form of Berhill', 
with Thornton, Brunton, Fenwick, East Matfen, Hawkwell, and two caru- 
cates of land in Kirkharle, was held bv Otuerus (or Otwell) de Insula by 
the service of one and a quarter knight's fee of ancient feolTment.'' In 
1250 the demesne land at Berill was worth 50s. 5d. per annum,' and under 
the form of Berilawe the place is mentioned in the Assize Roll of 1256.'' 

The value of Bearl was enhanced bv the grant of common of pasture 
on the moor of Schilyngdon, now Shildon, which was granted to Otwell de 
Insula by John de Baliol and confirmed to his son Robert de Insula and 
Emma his wife, by Hugh de Baliol.'' In 1293 Robert de Insula claimed 
to possess the right of gallows at Berehil and other places.* 

' But under the Divided Parishes Acts, and by an order of the Local (Government Hoard made on 
the 20th of December, 1886, the boundaries of the tounsliip have been so adjusted that by tlie revised 
ordnance survey of 1895 Bearl comprises 424 acres. 

• The Census Returns are : 1801,69; 1811,62; 1821,56; 1831,70; 1841,36; 1851,48; 1861,58; 
1871, 50; 1881, 51; 1891, 52 ; igoi, 48. 

' Walteius de Bolebeck omnibus probis hominibus et amicis suis Francis et Anglis salutem. Notum 
sit vobis omnibus me reddidisse et cone, atcjue hac carta mea confirm, in feodo et hereditate Willelmo 
de Insula homini nieo et heredibus suis ad tenendum de me et heredibus meis terram illam quam pater 
meus pro servitio suo donavit ei, scilicet Matfen, Fenwick, Thorntune, Ang^erton, Hidewine, Burntune, 
per rectas divisas, in bosco et prato cum soca et saca, etc. preterea sciant omnes me postea dedisse hinc 
Walldeuo militi servitium Ernaldi filii Adelini cum Haucwelle et Berehill, &c. Test. Ricardo priore de 
Hextildesham, Jacobo de Boluni, Willelmo filio suo, Roberto de Grai et Roberto filio suo, Roberto de 
Bilestre et Ada filio suo. Duiisworth MS. 62, fol. 179. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, 'X,' p. 222. 

* Testa de Ncvill, Record Series, p. 382; cf. Inq. p.m. Otwel de Insula, 34 Hen. ill. No. 33; also 
Hodgson, Nurtluiiiiberlaiid,pt. ii. vol. i. p. 16S, where it is stated that these lands were held by one-and-a- 
half knight's fee. * /»(/. p.m. Otwel de Insula, 34 Hen. III. No. 33. 

' Nortliumherliind Assize Rolls, Page, p. 91. Surt. Soc. No. 88. 

' Johannes de Baillol .... Otowero de Insula .... manent. in Berhill communam pasturae in 
mora de Schilyngdon pro omnibus averiis, etc., manentibus in villa de Berhill et omn. aliis aisiam. quae 
tenentes mei de Bywell habent, except, le Eleschawe. Test. Hugone de Bolbec, Roberto de Cambo. 

Hugo de Bayllol . . . Roberto de Insula et Enimae uxori ejus et omnibus tenentibus eorum in 
villa de Berhill pasturam in omnibus vastis meis ex parte boriali aquae de Tyne. Test. Gilberto de 
Umfravyle, Hugone de Bolbec. 

Walterus de Bolebec . . . Orin de Hydewyne omnes essartas, toftos et croftos de veteri Schotleia, 
praeter locum et placeam ubi aula mea fuit et praeter croftum qui vadit versus Bacwyth, scilicet, per 
rivulum currentem inter Scaldacres et praed. toftos, usque ad Vkkesheued et Vkkesheued contra montem 
usque ad Ducertun et a Ducertun proximo viae usque ad divisas de Beirallaw . . . cum communi 
pastura in bosco et piano ; habeat sibi et omnibus illic manentibus aisiamenta de bosco meo ad 
aedificandum et ardendum sine vendicione et donacione. 

Endorsed. Pertinent Domino Umfrido Liell militi. Diir. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 7077. 

" Plcicita de quo n'liminto, p. 597. 






































Berhill Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Summa bononim Patricii ... 

„ Hugonis del Bal' 

„ Robert! de Sweneburne 

„ Willelmi filii Ben. 

„ Robert! filii Jakobi 

„ Walter! de Berhil 

Summa liujus villae, ^8 17s. 6d. Unde regi, i6s. i|d. {sic). 

Robert de Insula was succeeded at his death, about 1300, by his kinsman 
John de Insula, who died about four years later in possession of Berel.^ 

Berhill Subsidy Roll, 1336. 
Willelmus Nod, 3s. 4d.; Elyas de Berhill, 3s.; Robertus de Eltrynglham, 2s. 4d. Summa, 8s. 8d. 

Manorial rights in Byrle are stated to have remained in the possession of 
the Lisles until the death of Sir Humphry Lisle in 15 16,' but the lands before 
then had been alienated to the Carnabys. On July 8th, 15 13, .Sir Reginald 
Carnaby of He.xham is stated to have granted the manor of Berle and the 
vill of Newton-hall to his brother, Cuthbert Carnaby, for a term of years.'* 
Sir Reginald died on July 20th, 1547, in possession of a rent of ^4 per 
annum out of these places,^ the reversion of one, or of both, of which came 
to his daughter Catherine, wife of Cuthbert, Lord Ogle. The latter was in 
possession of, and demised lands in, Barle, June 19th, 1579," and with his 
descendants the estate remained for two hundred years. 

In 1582, Cuthbert, Lord Ogle of Bothal granted a twenty-one years' lease 
to William Hynd, yeoman, who covenanted to repair his tenement, timber 
excepted, according to the custom of the town of Bearle.^ It was stated in 
the survey of the lordship of Bywell, made in 1608, that the tenants of 
Bearl by ancient custom had common of pasture for their cattle all the year 
round on the common of Bywell and Acomb, for which privilege they 
rendered 3s. yearly to the lord of Bywell." 

' Query ' Hugonis del Val,' or Delaval. 

^ Lansdowne MS. 326, fol. 96, No. 1 1 ; Hodgson, Northmnherland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 169. 

' Harl. MS. 759, p. 74; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 170. 

' Iiu]. p.m. of Sir Reginald Carnaby, 20th June, 1545 ; Dodsicorth MSS. vol. xlv. fol. 84 a. Rev. John 
Hodgson's Collection, 'X,' p. 263. = Ibid. 

' Lansdmvne MSS. No. 326. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, ' X,' p. 135. 

' Ex Hinde Papers; cf. Arch. Ael. new series, vol. ii. pp. 127-130. 

» Haggat and Ward, Survey of the Baronies 0/ Bywell and Bitlbeck, Land Revenue Office, vol. 42, 
pp. 43, etc, 



Manerium de Bearle. The Extr.ictes as well of the Coiirle Lete as of the Courte Rarrone houlding 
ther in the right of the Right Honor.-ible Katharine, Lady Cavendish, the xxiij day of September, anno 
domini 1624, before Sir William Carnabey, knight, by Dionis Wilson," steward for the tyme beinge. 

Robert Hunter, for his geisc goinge in the cowe pasture, contrery [to] ther auntient order, cullect xij'' ; 
William Hunter, the like, xij''; John Moure, the like, xij' ; John Jennyngo, the like, xij' ; (George Cowstone, 
the like, xij' ; William Hunter, pledge for Roger Hynmers, for cuttinge of wood in the East Nurke, cullcc;, 
ij' vj'; John Sinipsone of Ovington, for cuttinge and ccryinge wood in the same place, cullect, ij' vj' ; 
Robert Hunter, for fall of courte upon one action brought by him against George Cowstone, cullect, vj''. 

The whole some is x" vj'' ; besides what is due for Grcnio Ilcugh or common fync, if any such 
have bene usually payed. 

Amongst the ratepayers who were assessed for the subsidy of 1627 for 
lands in the Bywell parishes were William Hunter and his brother, George 
Coustone, Thomas Jennings, and Peter Dridone, who are described as 
tenants in Bearl.^ Si.x years later Henry Hynde* is stated to have acted 
as Lady Cavendish's bailiff for Newton-hall and Bead.* The estates of 
William Cavendish, earl of Newcastle, having been sequestered for his 
delinquency, the manor and lands of Bearle were sold by the Committee for 
Compounding Cases to William Hinde and George Coulson, who apparently 
purchased as trustees for the use of the marquess of Newcastle," who is the 
proprietor named in the Book of Rates of 1663. 

Be.arle Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665.' 
Francis Billington, Thomas Hymers, Widdow Hunter, each one chimney ; Henry Hynde, Thomas 
Jening, William Mow, John Yonger, 'not payable.' 

Bearle Town and Stvford Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll. 1675.' 
William Moore, Richard Harrison, Thomas Jennings, Thomas Hymarsh, Thomas Kell, William 
Gibson, John Ellett, Ann r;)avison, George Burdus, each one chimney; Christopher Heppwell, two 
chimneys ; George Hepwell, two chimneys. 

When Shildon common was enclosed and divided in 1755, forty-seven 
acres of land were awarded to the countess of Oxford and Mortimer in lieu 
of the rights of common of pasture granted six hundred years before to her 
predecessors in title by John de Baliol. 

' Arch. Ael. new series vol. i., p. 139. '' For a pedigree of Wilson, see vol. v. of this work, p. 288. 

' Arch. Ael. new series vol. i. p., 139. 

* Amongst Mr. T. H. Arclier- Hind's Papers are the following documents: 

l8th May, 1624 : Received by me, Francis Carnaby, the day and year above written, from the hands 
of Henry Hynde, for the use of Ladv Ca. Cavendysh, the one halfe year's rent of Bearle, which comes 
to 56s. 8d. 

17th May, 1626 : Order from Francis Carnaby to the tenants of Moralee to convey millstones from 
Bothal to Bearle. 

ist July, 1634 : Bond for ^50 from Henry Hinde, George Coulson, William Moure, and Richard 
Coulson, all of Bearl, to Sir William Carnaby of Bothal, knight. 

^ Ex Hinde Papers; cf. Arch. Ael. n.s. vol. ii. pp. 127-130. ' Cal. Com. /or Comp. pp. 1733-1737. 

' P.R.O. Subsidy Roll, j§|. " p.R.O. Subsidy Roll, {-'g. 




George Wailes of Chesehurn grange, son of [George or John] 
Wailes of Heugh, in the parish of Stamfordham. 

Thomas Wailes, 
bapt. 6th Jan., 
1726 (a)- 

George Wailes of Bearl, = Elizabeth Hender- 

bapt. 20th Sept., 1729 
(«) ; died 2nd Sept., 
1787, aged 58 {d) («). 

son (a); mar. toth 
July, 1760 {g). 

I I I 
Thomas, bapt. 25th July, 1731 (a). 
John, bapt. 22nd July, 1733 (n). 

Anthony, bapt. 22nd Aug., 1734 (a); died at Houghton 
par., Heddon ; bur. 28th Feb., 1805 ; aged 69 (/;). 

John Wailes of Bearle, and 
at Meldon Park, born 4th 
May, 1761 (f) ; died 17th 
Oct., 1822 (d) (0 ; will 
dated 17th Dec, 1821, 
pr. 1823 (/). 

George Wailes of Mel- 
don Park, born 8th 
Sept., 1762 (c); died 
26th Oct. ,l82l(a')(c). 


Sarah Thomas, b. 

died gth 12th June, 
April, 1765 (c) ; 

1821 ((/). died 1767 

Anthony Wailes of Bearl, = Ann 

born April 1770 (t) 
died at Villa Place, 
Newcastle, nth Aug., 
1833, aged 62 (d) (a). 

William, died at Shilbottle, nth Dec, 1799, aged 24 years (i). 

died 8th 






I . . 

George Wailes, sometime of Bearl, died at : 

Lumley, 25th Nov., 1866, aged 68 (a). 

Margaret died at Newcastle, 

2-|th March, 1865, aged 63 (a). 



John (/). Anne (/). Elizabeth (/). 


Thomas Wailes of West- 
gate, Newcastle, one 
of the receivers of the 
Greenwich Hospital 
estates ; born I2th 
Aug., 1772 (c) ; died 
27th Jan., 1838 (((). 

= Margaret, dau. of Matthew William, 

Forster of Horsley High born 

Barns, born 15th Oct, 4th 

1778 (f) ; mar, at Oving- May, 

ham, I2lh May, 1802 1775 

(e) ; died 27th March, (c). 
1858 (*) 00. 

I I I I 
Sarah, born 24th Dec, 1763 (c) ; mar. John Atkinson 
of Heworth shore (/) ; died 31st Dec, 1832, aged 
69 ('O- -i, 
Mary, born 21st Oct. 1766, died 1767 (c)- 
Anne, born 25th July, 176S (c) ; mar. Rev. Philip 

Hardcastle. .1, 
Elizabeth, born 20th April, 1788 (c) ; died 1838 (1;). 

Anne, dau. ^= George Wailes of New- = Anne, dau. of 

of castle, attorney-at-law, Henry Nairn, 

Dyer of b. 21st Mar., 1803 (c); died at Gates- 

Edinburgh died at Gateshead, head, 20th Feb., 
(c). " 30thOct.,i882,j./.(/'). 1893, aged 67. 

Jonathan Forster, 
born 26th Nov., 
1804 (c); d. l6th 
Dec, 1832 (fi)\ 
bur. Benwell (c). 

William Wailesof New- 
castle, glass-stainer, b. 
2 3raNov., l8oS('c);d. 
atGateshead,iith Mar. 
18S1 ; bur. Bywell (/<"). 

: Jane Elizabeth, 
of Alnwick; mar. 
at Alnwick, ist 
Jan., 1834(c); d. 
28th Sept., 1891. 

I I 
Thomas Matthew, born 26th August, 1811 

(c) ; died I2th January, 1835 (c). 
John, born loth October, 1819 (c) ; died 

at Ventnor, Isle of Wight, 24th April, 

1846 WW (rf)- 


Isabel, born loth September, 1806 (c) ; died 14th February 1855, (J>). 

Elizabeth, born 25th August, 1810 (c) ; died 2gth August, 1810 (c). 

Margaret, born 24th June, 1S13 (c) ; died at Newcastle, 17th March, 1893 (/i). 

Elizabeth, horn 29th May, 1815 (c) ; died 27th Nov., 1886 (/')■ 

Sarah, born i6th Aug., 1817 (c) ; died Ist Dec, 1831 (c) ; bur. Bywell (</) (h). 

Anne, born 24th December, 1823 (c) ; died 12th December, 1838 (I/). 

Harriet, dau. 
of Charles 
of Gates- 

I . 
William Thomas = Jane, dau. 
Wailes of New- of William 
castle, born 23rd 
Jan., 183S (c); 
died 1877 ; bur. 
Elswick Cemetery. 


London ; 
liv. 1900, 

I I I 
John Carr, b. nth Aug., 1839 (c); 

died 19th Feb., 1840 (c) (//). 
John Carr, b. loth Feb., 1841 (c); 

died 6th April 1850 (c) (/()■ 
George Nicols, b. i8th Sept., 1845 

(c); died 1st June, 1846 (f) (/<)■ 

Margaret Janet, born 25th Sept., 1834 
(c) ; married Thomas Rankine 

Strang of Newcastle. 


Frances Margaret Wailes, liv. unmar. 1900. Anne, mar. John Thompson of Perth. 

Anne, born 23rd April, 1836 (c) ; mar. 
Robert Kirwood, clerk in orders, 
incumbent of Chester-Ie-Street. 

Isabella, born 4th May, 1843 ; died in 
infancy (//) (c). 

(a) Stiimfurdhtxm Registers. 

(i5) M.I. Bywell St. Peter. 

{/) Family Papers with Mrs. Kirwood. 

(rf) Matthew Forster's Obituary. 

(f) Newcastle Chionicle, 15th May, 1802. 

(/) Durham Probate Registry. 

(jf) Bywell St. A iidrew Register. 
(^) Bywell St. Peter Register. 

Berle, otherwise Bearle, was one of the places included in the fine 
passed in Easter Term, 13 George I., between Lord Trevor and others, 
plaintiffs, and Edward, earl of O.xford and Earl Mortimer, and Lady Henrietta 


Cavendish Holies, his wife, deforciants.' With Bothal and many other 
estates, Bear] devolved npon William, duke of Portland, who by indentures 
of lease and release May i ith and 12th, 1792," sold it for ^7,900 to his 
tenants, William Charlton'' of Bearl and John Wailes then of Shilbottle, 
afterwards of Meldon Park, whose rejsresentativcs in 1825 sold it to .Mr. 
Thomas Wentworth Beaumont for the sum of ^'22,000.* 


The small township of Stocksficld abuts on the river Tyne and 
comprises 329 acres, of which loi acres lie in four detached pieces, some of 
them representing allotments in lieu of common of pasture ; it consists 
largely of fertile haugh-land, and in 1891 had a population of 124.^ 

This township or manor forms the e.\ception to the rule that the 
townships of the parish of Bywell St. Andrew are members of the baronv of 
Bolbec, for about the vear 1240 Stocksfield was held of John de Balliol by 
Robert de St. Germans by the twelfth part of a knight's fee of ancient 

By an undated deed, which may be ascribed to the beginning of the 
thirteenth century, Hugh de Balliol confirmed to Robert de Hindley certain 
lands in Stokslield and Broomley, which had been granted by his ancestor 
Bernard de Balliol.** In 1262 the manor of Stokesfeld, together with a 


' Abstract of title with Mr. F. W. Dendy. ' Jbid. 

' W^ill of William Charlton of ISearle, sen., dated nth February, 1799. Will of William Charlton of 
Bearle, the son, dated 23rd December, 1803. Ibid. 

' Parson and White, Durham and Norihumbertdnd (182S), vol. ii. p. 561. 

' By an order of the Local Government Board, dated 20th December, 1886, the township proper of 
Stocksfield-hall (228 acies) and the detached portions have been united for Poor Law purposes to the 
adjacent townships of Broomley and Mickley. 

° The Census Returns are: 1801,24; 1811,26; 1821,23; 183') 35; i84ii2g; 1851,27; 1861,48; 
1S71, 39; 1881, 113 ; 1891, 124. The Census Return for igoi is included in that of Broomley. 

' Tcata de Ncvill, p. 385. 

' 'Hugo de Baliol . . . Roberto de Hindeley . . . dominium quod antecessor mens Bernardus 
de Baliol ei antea dedit, scilicet Ix. acras terrae in vasto de .Stochisburne, in orientali parte viae, scilicet, 
inter Stockisfeld et Bromeley, et septies viginti acras terrae in occidentali parte viae similiter in vasto 
de Stochisburne per has divisas : scilicet sicut Stochisburne ascendit usque ad .^Idisbrig .Strother 
usque ad viam de Fulbrig et a via de Fulbrig usque ad sepem quae est supra Smiliburn, excepta terra de 
Bromeley, qae prius culta fuit, et sepis ilia usque ad mangnam viam et niangna via usque ad divisas de 

Stockisfeld, sicut descendunt in Stochisburne. Ten. et hab Redd dimid. marcam argenti ad 

wardam Novi Castri . . . pasturam in foresta mea, et de sicco ad ardendum et de viridi ad hospitandum et 

claustrum ad dictam terram claudendam. Et insuper quietus erit de pannagio porcorum suorum 

Hiis test. Henr. de Fontibus, G. fratre ejus, Guidone de Bunnecurt, Hugone de Normanvill, Rogero 
de Sco Germano, Roberto de Fontibus, Roberto de Helding, Bernardo pr. de Henkint.' Ex orig. sigill. 
penes Rob. Johnson de Ebchester Hill, gen., qui ob. Mar. i, 1757. Durham Cathedral Library 
Randal MSS. vol. iii. p. 191. 


moiety of the vill of Bywell, was stated to be held of the lordship of 
Bolbec by William de Riel and Gilbert de Caldestrother by the service of 
one knight/ 

In 1268 Gilbert de Stocksfeld held a carucate of land in Stocksfield 
for the twelfth part of the service of one knight's fee, paying I3jd. for the 
castle ward of Newcastle and suit of court at Bywell ;* three years later 
John de Stockesfeld held it at 3s. a year, and also a pasture for which he 
paid 4s., or 7s. in all.' About the same period the prior and convent" of 
Hexham acquired by grant of William, son of Boso, the homage of John de 
Normanvill for Stokesfeld and Apperley for the service of 13s. 8d., and they 
had apparently a similar rent of 13s. 8d. arising in the same vill, but subject 
to the payment of 7s. a year ' to the custody of the castle ' of Newcastle.'' 
From John, son of Helias, they acquired a rent of 3s.'' 

In the Treasury at Durham there are two deeds relating to Bywell, 
executed by Stocksfield landowners ; in the first, Adam, son of Gilbert 
de Stokesfeld, grants an acre of land in Bywell to Sir Alexander de Baliol 
(1271-1279),'' and in the other, John, son of Elyas de Stokesfeld, who 
may be identified with the above-named benefactor of Hexham priory, 
granted to his lord Sir Robert de Estoutevill all his right in an acre of land 
and in the lock and fishery of Bywell." 

Stokesfeld Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Summa bonorum Jacobi carpentarii 

„ Johaiinis de Stokesfeld ... 

„ Ricardi carpenterii 

Summa hujus villae, 38s. gd. Unde regi, 3s. 6d. 

Robert de Stutevill and Alianor his wife (who was widow of Ale.xander 
de Baliol) held an acre of land in Sto.xfeld of John de Normanvill, but the 
jurors in an inquisition taken in 13 10 stated that they knew not by what 
services it was held." Their son, John de Stutevill, being at York, at 
Martinmas 1318, gave all his right in the fisheries of Bywell and in the vills 

' Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Bolebec, 46 Hen. III. No. 25. 

- Inq. p.m. Johannis de Balliolo, 53 Hen. III. No. 43. C/. Cnl. Doc. Rcl. Scot. vol. i. pp. 502, 532. 

' Inq. p.m. Hugonis de Balliol, 55 Henry III. No. 33. 

* Cf. vol. iii. of this work, p. 141. Inspeximus of 1298, Hexham Priory, Raine, vol. ii. pp. 114, II7- 

^ Ibid. " Dur. Treas. Misc. Chart, No. 251 ; cf. Hodgson, Northumhcrlamt, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 48. 

' Ibid. No. 252 ; ibid. p. 49. ' Inq. p.m. Alianorae uxoris Roberti Stuteville, 4 Edw. II. No. 7. 







unde regi 












of Bywell and Stokestield to Adam de Meynevill.' Henry de Nornianvill 
having rebelled against the king and died in Scotland, an enquiry was made 
concerning his lands on April 27th, 1351, at Newcastle, when it was 
ascertained that his lands in Stokesfeld were on the west of the Stokesfeld 
burn and that, with other lands in the vills of Stamfordham, Heugh, and 
Ouston, they were held of the countess of Pembroke, as of her fee of Bywell, 
by suit of court and the payment of I3jd. for castle ward of Newcastle. 
Although formerly worth /"12 per annum, they were at that time, 'on 
account of lack of farmers and the poverty of the country side,' only 
worth £^, in all issues." Thirty-seven years afterwards Sir John Nevill of 
Raby died seised of vStocksfield, held of the king in chief by the twelfth part 
of a knight's fee of ancient feoffment and the payment of ijjd. for castle 
ward ; the value was stated to be los. a year.^ 

The lands in Stocksfield which belonged to the prior and convent of 
Hexham were held by William Ayrike in 147^] by homage and fealty, and 
the payment of a rent of 13s. 8d., and of is. for castle ward.* At the 
period of the dissolution, John Newton held a tenement at Stockstield- 
hall with two acres of meadow, five acres of pasture, common of pasture 
on Slaley moor, etc.'* 

Stoxfeld Muster Roll, 1538." 
Edwerd Newton, Lane. Newton, Edweid Bell; alile uitli hois and liarnes. 

In 1608, Gilbert Newton possessed lands in Merresheeles and Healey 
as well as in Stocksfield, for which he owed suit and service to the baronies 
of Bywell and Bolbec' Two years afterwards. Sir John Fenwick acquired 
from Salter and Williams, who were the Crown grantees, Stoxfield-hall and 
certain lands in Cleveley moor [? Shildon], formerly in the occupation 
of John Newton, to hold of the king as of the manor of East Greenwich, 
at the yearly rent of 13s. 4d.'* 

' DuY. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 254; c/. Hodgson, Nortliuinbu-land, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 49. 

■/hi/, p.m. 25 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 17. 

'/«(/. p.m. John de Nevill, 12 Ric. II. No. 40. 

' Black Book of Hexham, p. 29; Surt. Soc. No. 46. Cf. vol. iii. of this work, p. 15S. 

■' Black Book of Hexham, p. 165. " Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 178. 

' Haggat and Ward's Survey. ' Greenwich Hospital Papers, 'Thornton, U. No. 2.' 




Edward Newton heads the Stocksfield Muster Roll in 1538. 

John Newton of Stocksfield-hall, 

iving circa 1558 («) = 

John Newton of Stocksfield-hall, living circa 1558 («), = Roger Xewton of Stocksfield-hall = 

and aVira 1578 («). ^1 (m), 'the elder;' a defendant 

I in the suit of 1598, then about 

John Newton. 80 years of age («). 

, daughter of 

Lawson of 

Cramlington («). 

Edward Newton, Matthew Newton of Stocksfield-hall (m), . 
son and heir; ap- second son and, after the death of his 
parently of full brother, heir, was jointly seized of Stocks- 
age circa 1578; field-hall with his father in 1598 («) ; 
livingi593;dead settled his manor of StocksfielJ-hall upon 
before 30th June, his eldest son Lancelot by deed dated 
1598 («). 6th May, 1621 («). 

Barbara, dau. of 
Oliver Ogle of 
Burradon (7) 
(/«) ; they had 
seven children 
in 1620. 

William Newton 
of Stocksfield- 
hall, party to the 
suit of 1598 (k) ; 
a trustee under 
the deed of 6th 
May, 1621 (a). 

Ralph Newton, 
a trustee un- 
der the settle- 
ment of 1621 

Lancelot Newton of Stocksfield-hall, son and heir ' 
(?«), living 6th May, 162 1. 

Tristram Newton of Stocksfield-hall, bur. 25 th , 
Feb., 1673/4 (")• 

Richard Newton, apprenticed 26th March, 162 1, to Robert 

Killingworth of Newcastle, mercer (rf). 
PVancis Newton, apprenticed 1st May, 1622, to Ralph 

Maddisoji of Newcastle (</). 

Lancelot Newton of Stocksfield-hall, in 
1663 was assessed for that place and 
for the mill and fishery; a recusant in 
1677 (/) ; barred the entail of Stocks- 
field-hall by deed dated 5th May, 1700, 
then described as ' senior ' (/<) ; will 
dated 6th May, 1700 {/>). 


Mary, dau. of , Isabel, mar. Robert 

living in posses- 
sion of her dower, 
nth November, 
1708 (c) ; buried 
1713 W- 

Surtees of Milk- 
well-burn ; bond 
of marriage 2nd 
February, 1663. 

Robert Newton of Stocksfield, in 
1684, agreed to convey to 
Rolrert Surtees, lands in Stocks- 
field (c) ; mar. Barbara, dau. of 
William Newton of Broomley ; 
mar. settlement, iSth April, 
1663. 4, 

Matthew Newton (»;) of Newcastle, apprenticed 25th = Margaret, 
Dec, 1626, to Charles Whitfield of Newcastle, boothman; namedin 
admitted free of Merchants' Company, 8lh Jan., 1649 her hus- 
((/); purchased Coldcoats in the parish of Ponteland, 20th band's 
Dec, 1655 (a); will dated 25th Nov., 1668, pr. Mar., 1669 will {a). 
(a); 'he departed this life to the mercy of God, the 28th 
of Noveml)er, anno domini 1668,' and was buried in St. 
George's porch in St. Nicholas' church, Newcastle (/i). 


Charles Newton, = 
with his brother 
Matthew pur- 
chased part of 
Newton - hall 
from the Mar- 
quis of New- 
castle («). 

I I 
married ... 
Ogle; named 
in the will of 
her brother 
Newton in 
1668 («). 
Fortune («')■ 


Jonathan Newton of Coldcoats, of Balliol =?= Isabella, dau 
Coll., Oxon. ; matric 2 1st Nov., 1673, 
aged 18 (/); admitted to Gray's Inn, 
26th Oct., 1682 («) ; admitted' free of 
the Merchants' Company by patri- 
mony, 2lst June, 1689 ((/); [? will 
dated 24th Oct., 1723] {a). 

I I 
of Fortune («). 
Thos. Jenison, Elizabeth, mar. 
living in New- Horsley; 

Matthew New- = [Eliza 

:astle, a widow, 
8th Oct., 1723 
(a) ; will dated 
3rd June, 1742 

both named in 
their father's 
will («). I 

ton, son and 
heir, named in 
the will of his 
Newton, 25th 
Nov., 1668 (rt). 


Joseph = 

Jonathan Newton of Coldcoats, of 
Queen's Coll., Oxon. ; matric. 
15th Nov., 1708 ; barrister-at- 
law of Middle Temple, 1715 
(/) ; in 1723 of Weedon, 
Bucks («) ; will dated 17th 
Dec, 1727, pr. 1738 (fl). 


Elizabeth, sister 
and heir, mar. 
Nathaniel Ogle 
of Kirkle)-, doc- 
tor of physic. 

Samuel Newton, son and 
heir, died s./i. possessed 
of lands on Bedlington 
which his sister Anne 
Stockdale subsequently 
devised to Newton 
Ogle (a). 

Anne, mar. 2ist Feb., 1719 Charles 

(/), William Stockdale Newton, 

of Bedlington; will dated son and 

2I5t May, 1767 (rt). heir; 

Katherine, mar , rst, died .v./. 

Hugall and 2nd, (a). 

Davie (a). 

Vol. VI. 




Lancelot Newton of Stocks- = Ann, dau. of Clavcring; mar. 

field-hall, jun., son and 
heir ; apparently dead 
before the date of his 
father's will. 

lie, Nov., if)S2; living at Stocks 
field-hall, luh Nov., 1708, tutrix 
to her dan. Anne (c). 

William Newton of Newcastle, doctor 
of physio, second son; party to deed 
dated 23rd July, 1722; party to deed 
24th February, 1732 (/>) (c). 

Robert Newton, son 
of ' Lawrence ' (^sic) 
Newton of Stocks- 
field-hall, deceased ; 
was apprenticed 2nd 
October 1700, to 
' Sir Thomas Claver- 
ing' (li) ; was living 
24th September, 1 701 


I I 


party to deed 
24th Feb., 
1732 W- 

Jane, bapt. 15th Nov., 1683 (X-). grand-daughter and co-heiress of 
Lancelot Newton, sen., in 1708 (/'/'); "'so niece and co-heiress 
of Robert Newton (c) ; mar. Joseph Ledgard [of He.xham Spital 
and] of Newcastle, clockmaker {6} (<:). ^ 

.■\nne, grand-daughter and co-lieiress of Lancelot Newton, sen., in 1713 ; 
also niece and co-heiress of Robert Newton (c) [? married Edward 
Cotesworth of the Hermitage, near Hexham]. These two ladies 
by deed dated 2nd May, 1713, sold their lands at Stocksfield-hall, 
secured to them by the deed of 5th May, 1700, to their uncles 
Robert and John Newton for ;^i650 (/'), but aftervvards 
succeeded to their uncle Robert's moiety (((). 

William Newton of New- 
castle, ' the younger,' 
eldest son and heir- 
apparent of William 
Newton, senior, party 
to deed 24th Feb., 
1732, by which he 
sold his father's lands 
at Stocksfield to 
George Bowes (66') 

I I 

Robert Newton of Stocksfield- 
hall, died in 17151 seised 
jointly with his brother 
John of lands in Stocksfield- 
hall ((5). 

Joseph, bapt. 23rd May, 1664 


Sarah, bapt. 23rd May, 
1664 (o). 



Margaret, mar 

Wilson ; all named 
in their father's will. 

John Newton of Stocksfield-hall, bapt. = Christiana , post 

May, 1675 (i) ; 2nd May, 1713, along 
with his brother Robert, purchased 
lands in Stocksfield-hall from iheir 
two nieces (//) ; living 1729 at Hexham 
(c) ; as a Roman Catholic registered 
his estate, 9th April, 1717. 

nupt. sett., 1st May, 
1713(0; Wm. Charl- 
ton of Hesleyside and 
Wm. Charlton of 
Redesmouth, trustees 
CO ; living 1730 (<). 

Lancelot Newton, an English Benedictine priest ; born at Stocksfield-hall in 1714; professed Mary, ,adaughter, 

at Lambspring in 1732 ; ordained 1737 ; was prior in 1748 ; sent on mission to Southern bur. 27th b. atStocksfield- 

provinces 1750 ; was at Witham Place, Essex ; passed to Northern province ; was at Gil- Ap., 171 1 hall, 2nd Sept., 

ling Castle till 1761, Brandsly, Plumplon, Beaufront, 1766-1774 ; Whitehaven, 1774-1775, (/t). 1711 (^). 
and died at Birtley, 27lh February, 1777 (g). 

. hvo shin hones in saitire, the sinister 
a fesse dancette leivieen 3 eagles dis- 

* The arms on the tombstone of Matthew and Margaret Newton, are :- 
surmounted of the dexter . . . a crescent for difference for Newton ; impaling 
played . . . — Welford, .SV. Nicholas. 

X It is possible that Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Newton and wife of Horsley, may have been mother 

to John Horsley the antiquary. If so, it would account for the fact of Newton Ogle, dean of Winchester, receiving his 
early education at John Horsley 's school ; c/! Hodgson-Hind ' Notes on the Rev. John Horsley,' .,4)C^. .^cA vol. vi. p. 177. 

(a) Mr. Newton Ogle's deeds. 

lb) Stocksfield-hall papers, Dent MSS. 

ihli) Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's deeds. 

(<r) .Miss Hedley's MSS. 

(rf) Newcastle Merchant Adventurers., Dendy, vol. ii. 

Surt. Soc. No. 101. 
(f) Foster, Admissions to Gray's Inn. 
(f') Foster, Alumni Oxonienses. 
(£■) Snow, Necrology of the English Congregation of the 

Order of St. Benedict, 8vo, 1783, p. 120. 


cf. Welford, Monuments in St. 
thumberlund in 5161. 

M.I. St. Nicholas, 

Nicholas' Church. 
(0 St. George's Visitation of Northi, 
(Ii) Bywell St. A ndrew /Register. 
(/) Depositions frotn York Castle, p. 228, Surt. Soc. No. 40. 
(m) Brit. Mus., //,;;•/. MSS. 1554, folio 29. 
(n) Exchequer Decrees atul Orders, series i. book 25, p. 66, 

and Exchequer Depositions by Commission, Easter 

Term, 41 Eliz. No. 34. 
(o) Bywell St. Peter Register. 
( /) Bothal Register. 

Evidences to Newton Pedigree. 

April 19th, 1717. John Newton of Stocksfield-hall, as a Roman Catholic, registered his estate at Stocksfield- 
hall and Stocksfield-hall fishery in the Tyne, with lands on lease at ,^Si ]ier annum ; part of Stocksfield-hall fajm, let 
by Robert Newton, deceased, at /15 105.; a fulling mill, let at ^"4 per annum ; all being in the parishes of Bywell 
St. Peter and Bywell St. Andrew, and subject to a modus of £z per annum for each undivided moiety of the said 
premises in lieu of corn tithe, to a mortgage of ;^700, to a debt of ;f 850, .and also to a sum of Sos. per annum for 
petty tithes in the parish of Bywell St. .Andrew. Register of Estates of Roman Catholics. 

At the Michaelmas Sessions, 1717, John Newton of Stocksfield-hall, gentleman, was charged with falling upon 
William Hindmarsh of Ovingliani. on Friday, the 6th of September, 1717, whilst he was walking upon the highway, 
returning home from his work, throwing him to the ground, and taking him by his neckcloth and pulling it in such 
manner that he had almost choked him therewith. A similar charge was brought against him by George Stokoe of 
Eltringham. Newton was bound over. Sessions Records. 


The yeoman family of Newton/ long settled at Prudhoe, Whittonstall, 
Eltringham, and other places in the neighbourhood, possessed Stocksfield- 
hall for several generations. In the middle of the fifteenth century, Reginald 
Newton, who held the office of bailiff and forester in the townships of 
Ovington and Prudhoe under Letters Patent, on the nth of September, 
1464, obtained an order for the payment of £ti fro'" the issues of the 
county of Northumberland, for arrears of wages due to him in his office, 
and for his wages as one of the king's soldiers in the town and castle "of 
Durham.^ In 1598, there were proceedings in the Court of Exchequer 
brought by Sir John Forster and others, the queen's farmers, against 
Roger Newton the elder, Matthew Newton, John Newton the elder, 
Gilbert, Ralph, and Christopher Newton, Robert and Arthur Lee, Thomas 
and John Newton, junior, Christopher Surtees, and others, who claimed 
to possess a moiety of a fishery in the Tyne as pertaining to Stocksfield- 
hall, Merryshields, and Eltringham.' In 1608 Gilbert Newton possessed 
freehold lands in Stocksfield and Merrishields.^ The name of Mr. Matthew 
Newton of Stocksfield-hall appears in lists of freeholders made in 1628 
and 1638;'* Mr. Lancelot Newton was rated at £bo for Stocksfield-hall, 
the fishery, and the mill in 1663 ; two years later his name appears on the 
Subsidy Roll as liable to pay for three chimneys for the hearth tax,* and 
in 1677 Lancelot Newton of Stocksfield-hall occurs as a Roman Catholic 
recusant.' From the depositions taken in 1578, and from other material, 
the pedigree, which is as full as the materials admit, has been constructed. 

The manor and estate of Stocksfield-hall with the walk mill and a fishery 
in the Tyne were sold in 1729 and 1732*^ by Joseph Ledgard and Jane his 
wife, and Anne Newton, which Jane and Anne were granddaughters and 
co-heirs in law of Lancelot Newton the elder, and by William Newton of 
Newcastle, a younger son of the said Lancelot Newton, in whom the estate 
or some part of it was vested, to George Bowes of Gibside,^ by whose 

' The arms of Newton are stated to be : Tieo shin bones in saltire, the sinister surmounted of the dexter, 
a crescent for difference ; crest : an arm embowed habited holding in the hand a shin bone; Newton tomb- 
stone (1668) in St. Nicholas, Newcastle. Cf. Welford, Monuments in St. Nicholas' church, Newcastle. 

= Cal. Pat. Rolls, i Edw. IV. p. no; ibid. 4 Edw. IV. p. 328. 

' Exch. Decrees and Orders, series i., book 25, p. 66. Exch. Depos. Easter Term, 41 Eliz. No. 34. 
Original Exchequer Decrees, Michaelmas, 42 Eliz. Cf. ^Sth Report of Depl. Keeper of Public Records, p. 406. 

■" Haggat and Ward's Survey. ^ Arch. Ael. 4to series, vol. ii. pp. 320 and 323. 

= P.R.O. Subsidy Roll, J jf. ' Depositions from York Castle, Raine, p. 228; Surt. Soc. No. 40. 

' Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's deeds. 

' George Bowes of Gibside voted for freehold lands at Stocksfield-hall in 1734. Poll Book, 


family the premises had previously been held in mortgage. With the family 
of Bowes the place remained until iSoi, when it was sold by John, earl of 
Strathmore, to William Fenwiek of Bywell.' On the enclosure of Apperley 
common in 1817, 118 acres were awarded to the Rev. Septimus Hodson and 
Frances his wife (widow of Mr. William Fenwiek), in lieu of the riq;ht of 
common of pasture belonging to their farmhold of Stockslield-hall. It was 
sold by them, with Bywell, to Mr. T. W. Beaumont and has since then 
formed part of the Bywell estates. 


Robert Surtees of Hindley, in 1684 purchased lands in Stocksfield (a) [? a younger =t Dorothy Walker ; bond of mar- 
son of William Surtees of Hedley Wood-head] ; buried 8th July, 1707 (i5). I riage, 4th September, 1682. 

Walker Surtees of Stocksfield, who, in 1709, purchased = Elizabeth Watson of Hexham, sp. ; bond of marriage 22nd 

from Barth. Kent, cooper, certain lands at Stocksfield November, 1707; articles before marriage 20th November, 

called Kent's Close and Drake-pool ; will dated gth 1707 (_a) ; married 26th November, 1707 (/;) ; to whom her 

September, 1737(a) ; voted for lands at Stocksfield at husband gave a house in Hexham; living there a widow 

the election of knights of the shire in 1710, 1715, 1721 2nd May, 1749 («) ; died at Hexham 1 6th June, 1767(7) ; 

and 1734 (c) ; buried 22nd October, 1737 (i). will dated 17th June, 1751 (e) ; proved 1773 (e). 

I I 

Robert Surtees of Newcastle and of Stocksfield, baptised 6th October, 1714 (/<); to James Surtees, second son, 

whom hisfather gave hislandsat Broomley,l)roomhaugh,Hroad-oak, and certain baptised 28th August, 1717 

lands in Hexham («) ; was residing in Newcastle in 174S, when he voted at the {/>) ; to whom his father gave 

election of knights of the shire (c) ; [? buried 31st January, 17S0 ((/)]. a close at Hexham (n) ; bur. 

29 Sept., 1740 (/O. 

Dorothy, baptised loth November, 1708 (i') ; married 21st June, 1734 (i), C'uthbert Surtees of Ebchester, afterwards 
of Newbiggin, near Hexham (a), and died January, 1757, aged 49 ; [his will dated 1st December, 1759 (;)]. 4, 

Mary, baptised 14th June, 1710 (1^), to whom her father gave .^250 ; living unmarried at Hexham 2nd May, 1749 (a) ; 
will dated 25th February, 1750/1, proved 1751 (c). 

Elizabeth, baptised 2Sth .\ugust, 1712 (^i). 

Jane, baptised 14th September, 1720 (i') ; married George Gibson of Westwood, near Hexham ; living 2nd 
May, 1749 (a). 4, 

(a) Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's deeds. ((/) Ovi>ig/:am Register. 

l/i) Bvwell St. Peter Registers. {e) Raine, Test. Elwr. 

(c) Poll Boot. (/) Newcastle Courant, 20th June, 1767. 

By articles of agreement made iith January, 1683/4, Robert Newton 
of Stocksfield agreed to sell a moietv of Stocksfield to Robert Surtees of 
Hindley. The agreement was carried into execution under the direction 
of the Court of Chancery on the i6th April, 1684, by deeds of bargain and 
sale executed by Thomas Newton of Eachwick and Robert Newton of 
Broomley." Robert Surtees of Hindley was, apparently, a son of William 
Surtees of Hedley Woodhead, in the parish of Ovingham. His grandson, 

' Dent MS. Canon Raine's Papers. ' Miss Hedley's MSS. 


Robert Surtees of Newcastle/ and his trustees, on 2nd May, 1749,^ 
conveyed the lands in Stocksfield and Broomley ^ to William Fenwick of 
Bywell, and since that time this portion of Stocksfield has remained part 
of the Bywell estates. 

A chapel dedicated to St. Helen is stated to have stood near the south 
end of the old bridge near the spot where steps used to lead down to 
the salmon lock. Nothing is known of its history, and the last stones 
of the structure were carried away for building purposes some fifty or Sixty 
years ago.* 


The township of Broomhaugh abuts on the Tyne and comprises an area 
of 829 acres. It is well timbered by the woodlands known as East-wood, 
Middle-wood, West-wood, Juniper-hill and Whiteside, and contains the 
homesteads of High and Low Shilford and the hamlet of Broomhaugh.* 
Here are situated the parsonage house belonging to Bywell St. Andrew, 
built in 1868 to replace the ancient vicarage house which adjoined the parish 
church, and a Baptist chapel, built or rebuilt in 1842. There is an old 
burial ground adjoining it. In 1901 there was a population of 242." 

' 1748, 24th June. Robert Surtees of Newcastle, gent., eldest son and heir and also devisee of 
Walker Surtees of Stocksfield, deceased, and brother and heir of James Surtees of the same place, 
deceased, conveyed his estates to his brother-in-law, George Gibson of Westwood, gent., in trust, viz.: 
a farmhold in 15roomley, then in mortgage to Mary Surtees, sister of the said Robert ; a farmhold 
called Broad Oak, and a farmhold at Broomhaugh, both in the occupation of the said Robert, and a 
farmhold at Stocksfield, also in his own occupation but in mortgage to Cuthbert Surtees of Ebchester, 
gent. Ex Surtees deeds. Bell Collection. 

^ Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's Deeds. 

' To be sold, a freehold estate at Stoxfield, consisting of a capital house for a gentleman's seat, 
lands, etc., worth ^60 a year; a freehold at Bromley of ^15 per annum; a freehold at Broomhaugh of 
^10 per annum; a freehold called 15road Oak of ^10 per annum, etc., late the estate of Mr. Robt. 
Surtees. Newcastle Courant, 19th November, 1748. 

* Cf. Rev. Anthony Johnson's paper on 'Bywell,' Arch. Ael. vol. xiii. p. 95. 

■'' On the 6th of April, 1820, there died at Broomhaugh John Brand Umfrevill, captain R.N., who was 
buried four days later at Hexham. He was the only surviving son of William Umfrevill, a member of 
the Merchant Adventurers' Company, afterwards keeper of the poor-house of St. Nicholas' parish, and 
was baptised at St. John's church, 7tli November, 1784, being named after his godfather, John Brand, 
the historian of Newcastle. His father dying when he was five years of age, he was brought up by 
Mr. Johnson, a wine merchant in Newcastle, at the charge of the then l3uke of Northumberland, 
who continued his kindness to him throughout his life. Mr. Surtees traces Captain Umfrevill's 
lineal descent through William Umfrevill, who lived at Isleworth and Farnham Royal at the close 
of the sixteenth century. Cf. Surtees Durham, vol. ii. pp. 394-6. 

° The Census Returns are: 1801, 93; 1811, 105; 1821, 116; 1831, 115; 1841, 100; 1S51, 134; 
1861,151; 1871,153; 1881,222; 1891,234; 1901,242. 


The vill of Broomhanuli in ancient times inchukd the hamlets of Riding 
and Lee and formed part of the barony of Bolbec. Under the form of 
Brunhalwe it occurs in the Testa dc A^cvi/I} 

In 1262 there were in Bromehalu one bond tenant who held 30 acres, 
and paid 40s. 6d. for ferm and works ; six men who held together 24 acres, 
and paid 24s. ; two men who held 28 acres, and paid i6s. ; and three men 
who held together 50 acres, together with the brew-house, paying in all 
3 IS. 6d. Eleven cottars together held 15 acres and i rood, and for ferm and 
works paid 27s. 4d. There were also three potters who paid for their 
cottages and works 3s. gd., and for clay and for fuel obtained in Styford 
woods 1 6s. A free widow held seven acres of land, and paid i2d. and 
one pound of cummin. The sum received by the lord was £1 los. 2d. 
and one pound of cummin yearly." 

The name of only one tenant is known at this period. At the 
Northumberland Assizes in 1287- 1288, there was an action respecting the 
custody of the lands of John de Middleton during his minority, which was 
claimed bv Walter de Huntercombe as lord of the manor of Styford. A 
charter was produced to prove that the said Walter had granted to William 
de Middleton, father of John, all his lands in Shotley, Black Hedley, 'Aller- 
sete,' and Newbigging (near Blanchland), together with the land of Geoffrey 
the Norman in Sheldeford.^ Walter de Huntercome was the husband of 
Alice, second daughter and co-heiress of Hugh de Bolbec, and survived his 
wife, whose lands he enjoyed by the courtesy of England, until his death in 
1314. The Lady Alice, therefore, cannot be the widow lady of that name 
mentioned in the subsidy roll of 1296. 

I5R0MHALD Subsidy Roli,, 1296. 

Summa bonorum Gilberti filii praepositi 
„ Dominae Aliciae viduae 

„ Ingrami de molendino 

„ Eliae Pynkeney 

Summa hiijiis villae, £y iis. id. Unde regi, 13s. gd. 

Ralph de Greystoke, grandson of Margery, another of the daughters and 
co-heirs of Hugh de Bolbec, died on the 3rd of July, 1323, seised of two 
husbandlands in Bromhalgh, each of which comprised a toft, a croft, and 

■ Testa de Nevill, p. 3S2. -' Inq. p. 111. Hugonis de Bolbec, 46 Hen. III. No. 25. 

■' Norihumbertand Assize Rolls, 16 Edw. I. Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 270. 

£ s. H. 



I 16 9 unde regi 



2 I 1 I 



I 17 






broomhauGh township. 263 

seven acres of land. In time of peace they were worth 5s. a year each, 
but at that time were worth nothing, nor was the mill, 'because no suit 
is had to it ; ' nor was any rent obtainable for a toft and croft which used 
to yield 5s. 2d.' 

Bromhalgh Subsidy Roll, 1336. 

Willelmus filius Thoniae, 6s. Scl. ; Robertus del Ley, 4s. 4d. ; Petrus del Ley, 3s. 4d. ; Thomas 
Iveston, 5s.; Willelmus Wyld, as.; Hugo del Ley, 3s. Sd.; Johannes de Neuton, 4s.; Thomas Wysman, 
3s.; Willelmus de Hyndley, 4s. 7jd. ; Thomas de Neuton, 5s. Summa, 41s. 7jd. 

Sir John de Lancaster, knight, son of Hugh de Bolbec's third daughter 
Philippa, died childless in 1334, and his widow Annora had his purparty of 
the manor of Styford, including Bromhalgh and Rydding, for her dower.* 

Sir John de Lancaster granted to Walter le Ken of Bromhalgh a toft 
and seven acres of land at that place, but the king's licence not having been 
obtained to alienate, an inquisition was taken at Corbridge on Whitsun eve, 
1342, to ascertain whether it would be to the king's loss if Matilda, 
daughter and heiress of Walter le Keu of Bromhalgh, were permitted to 
have them again {rchabere)? 

On Friday the 13th of October, 1346, the barony of Bolbec was raided 
by the Scots, who destroyed and wasted Broomhaugh, Shilford, Riding, 
Merchenley, Slaley, Shotley, Styford, and other places."* Four days 
afterwards the Scots were defeated at the battle of Nevill's Cross. 

Sir Robert Herle, knight, who died in 1364, at the time of his death 
held the vill of Bromhalgh, which, with its members and the mill, was 
worth £6 per annum. His heir was Sir Ralph de Hastings, knight, son 
of his sister Margaret.^ 

' Inq. p.m. Radulfi de Greystoke, 17 Edw. IL No. 72. 

" Annora quae fuit u.\or Johannis de Lancaster tenet die qua obiit ad term, vitae suae medietatem 
manerii de Anyerton et Hedon super Murum cum pertinentiis, unacum quibusdam terris in Styford, 
Rydding, Hromhalgh, Spiriden, Thorneburgh, Sopyngsop, Newbiggin, Birkenside, Shottele et Slaueley, 
de rege in capite ut de corona, per servitium med. baroniae, viz. per servitium j feodi militis et dim. 
etc. remanere unde Willelmo de Herle et heredibus suis spectante. Dodsicorth MS. vol. 82, fol. 74. 

' Inq. p.m. 16 Edw. HI. second numbers, No. 34; Originalia, 16 Edw. III. rot. 95; Hodgson, 
Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 317. 

' Qui dicunt per sacramentum suum quod de terris et tenementis domini Willelmi de Craistok' ac 
tenencium suorum infra comitatum Northumbriae sunt totaliter [dep]redatae et conibustae die Veneris 
proxima ante festum Sancti Lucie {sic) Ewangelistae anno regni regis Edwardi praedicte xx'"", tam de 
domibus et bladis et aliis bonis inmobilibus combustis et destructis quam de bobus, vaccis, affris et 
aliis catallis mobilibus captis et depredatis ]3er ultimum accessum Scotorum et inimicorum hostiliter 
destructis infra baroniam de Bolbec in dicto comitatu villae subscriptae, videlicet villa de Bromhalgh 
cum iiiembris. videlicet le Ley et le Rydyng, et Neubiggyng in Styford. Inq. .i.Q.D. 21 Edw. III. 
No. 32. See also Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 402. 

'^ Inq. p.m. Roberti Herle, 38 Edw. III., first numbers. No. 23. 



The lands acquired by William de Middleton about 1280 are represented 
by the lands at Shildeford, Sperydon, Hole-rawe, and Crokydake, which were 
held by Sir John de Middleton at his death, on the 9th of August, 1396.' His 
widow, Christina, who was jointly enfeoffed of the same, survived her 
husband until the loth of March, 1401/2. In the inquisition taken on her 
death it was found that she was seised of thirty acres of land and four acres 
of meadow in Sheldeford, held of Ralph, earl of Westmorland, as of his 
lordship of Styford ; the premises were vested in Alan Hepescote, clerk, 
Robert de Penreth, burgess of Newcastle, Thomas Catour and William 
de Kellowe, in trust for the said John and Christina, and 'nowadays 
on account of the destruction of the Scotch and the barrenness of the 
countryside' were not worth more than I2d. a year.' 

In 1426, the vill of Bromehaulgh comprised six messuages, each of 
which was worth 6d. a year beyond reprises, 200 acres of arable land worth 
id. an acre, 300 acres of waste worth nothing, and 100 acres of wood which 
brought in nothing because there was no underwood. The water mill was 
in ruins.' The township remained in the possession of the Nevills until the 
attainder of Charles, the last earl of Westmorland. 





Tenant. ment. 

Late Tenant. 



Edward Wilkynson ... ... ... i 




John Ussher, and John Ussher, junior ... i 




John Ussher i 

John Wales 



Wilham Horseley i 




Ric. Fyrbek i 

Thomas Short 

1 1 


Thos. Huddespeth i 

Thomas Hords 








Tenant. HoKiing. 


i s. 


Thomas Carnaby ... i messuage called Shelford, etc. 

I'ly lease dated 4th Jan., 1 


I 17 


Christofer Hudspeth i tenement, etc 

2Sth Aug. 




Agnes Usher ... i messuage, etc. ... 

20th Aug., 




George Horseley ... i tenement, etc 

20th Aug., 




Edward Wylkenson i messuage, etc. ... 

„ 20th .Sept. 




Inq. jy.m. Johannis de Middleton, Hodgson, Nortluimhcrland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 354. 
' Inq. p.m. Christ, de Middleton, 9 Hen. V. No. 54. 

Iitq. p.m. Ralf Nevill, 4 Hen. VI. No. 37. ' P.R.O. Rentals and Surveys, portfolio J:J. 

Hall and Homberston's Survey. 

BrooMMaugh township. 



Thomas Usher 
William Ferebeck 
Andrew Taylour 

James Sharperowe 


William Carnaby 

Henry Usher 
William Smith ... i 

John Pearson ... 1 
Thomas Hudspeth 1 

Thomas Usher ... i 

William Horsley ... I 

George Fairbeck ... i 

William Tayler ... A 

Peter Driden 

Bromeh.vugh, 1570 (continued). 

Holding. Tenure. 

I messuage, etc. ... ... .. By lease dated 20th Aug., 1566 .. 

I messuage, etc „ 20th Aug. (1566) .. 

A moiety of a close called 

'Mattheyfeud' „ 3rd Aug., 1566 .. 

I enclosure parcel of Wattesfeld „ 12th Jan., 1566/7.. 

.Sum ... 
Tenants Holding by Lease in Bkomehaugh, 160S.' 

Holding. Former Tenant. Tenure. 

£ s. d. 
I 2 8i 

o 12 7i 

£6 6 9i 

Michael Whalton. 

Rent, beyond rent, 
s. d. £ s. d. 

I tenement (called Thomas Carnabie ... By letters patent 
.Shilford) ... dated 8th Aug., 

1607, for 40 years 53 8 500 
I tenement ... Thomas Usher ... 'By lease almoste 

expired' ... 22 8A 4 o o 

I „ ... Edward Wilkinson... By letters patent 

dated 8th Aug., 

1607, for 40 years 19 10 3 o o 
I „ ... Cuthbert Pearson ... „ „ 10 o i 10 o 

... Christofer Hudspeth 'But shevveth no- 

thingeforthesame' 12 23 2 o o 
... Agnes Usher ... „ „ 7 i i o o 

... George Horsley ... „ „ 85134 

... William Fairbeck ... „ „ 12 75 2 o o 

(called By letters patent 

Matherfielde)... dated 8th Aug., 

1607, for 40 years 3 4 0100 
I tenement and a water corn mill called By letters patent 
the Ridinge Mill, late in the tenure of dated i8th July, 
John Sharperooe. Yearly rent to the 1595, for 21 years 110 400 
priory of Blanchland, 13s. 4d., and 
to this manor, i is. 
An intake called Watsgreene, Hunter-hill, „ „ 12 10 2 5 o 

etc., etc. 
Heley water corn-mill ... „ „ 10 o 3 6 8 

Sum total of the lands in Bromchaugh 

, {sic) 183 loA^29 15 o 

It will be observed that no free tenants occur in the lists of 1524 or 
1570 or in that of 1608. 

The earl of Westmorland's confiscated lands remained in the Crown 
until the reign of Charles I., when by letters patent dated June 2nd, 1625, 
certain lands ' in Bromehaughe with Redinge and le Ley ' were granted to 
George Whitmore and others in part satisfaction of large sums of money 

' The tenants had common of pastuie on 'Standonfell.' Haggat and Ward's Survey. 
Vol. VI. 



boriowcd of llicin bv the late king.' Other lands at Broniehaugh of the 
yearly rent of /6 6s. 9|d., the intacks called Rntt-greene, Hunter hill, 
Bridgholnie, and le Ileland of the yearly rent of 2s. 6d., the increase on 
several leases of lands there reserved for provision of the king's house- 
hold, amounting to 23s. iid. yearly, which premises in Broniehaugh are 
of the yearly value of ^ 7 13s. 2|d., were granted September 5th, 1628, 
to Edward Ditchfield and others, citizens of London," who in 1630 
conveyed the barony of Bolbec, lands at Shilford, and other vills, to 
Roger Fenwick and John Heath, and two years later John Heath sold 
lands in Shilford to George Baker. From these grants the present free- 
holders derive their titles. 

In 1663, Christopher Hudspeth, Thomas Usher, John Rowcastle, Henry 
Ridley, and Sir George Baker of Crook, were rated at ^32 for lands in 
Broomhaugh ; and Mr. Thomas Errington of Newcastle was rated at ^24 
for Shilford.' 

Broomehaugh Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665.' 
Ralph Aiigis, two chimneys ; Mathew Forster, Thomas Usher, John Usher,^ Widdow Ridley, William 
Smith, Christopher Hudspeth, each one chimney; Thomas Frisell, Widdow Mugyin, Elizabeth Usher, 
and John Rowcastle, not payable. 

George Baker of Crook, in 1683, purchased certain lands in Broomhaugh 
from Alexander Riddell of Hexham, gent., and John Heron, of the same 
place, tanner; his descendant, of the same name, in 1765, received an 
allotment on Bolbec common in lieu of the rights of common of pasture 
appurtenant to his tenements of Broomhaugh and Shilford. In 1776, Mr. 
Baker sold lands in these places to Thomas Ismay of Crow-hall, in the county 
of Durham, and Joseph Dunn of Newcastle, who on the 12th of April, 1791, 
entered into articles of agreement for the division of the estate. In 1797, 
Thoiuas Ismay, at that time residing at Briscoe-hall, Cumberland, sold his 
moiety to George Potts of Netherton, whose will is dated 29th November, 
1797. Mr. George Potts was succeeded by his only son, Matthew Potts, 
by whose daughters, and their representatives, Shilford-house and West 
Shilford, together comprising 433 acres, were sold in 1849 ^^ -^^r. W. B. 

' Patent Rolls, I Chas. I. pt. 4. ' Ibi't 4 Chas. I. pt. 35. 

^ Book 0/ Rates. Hodgson, Northuiiihcrlcunl, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 286. ' P.R.O. Siibsiily Roll, jjl. 

' May 4, 1658. John Usher, son of John Usher of Broomhaugh, yeoman, apprenticed to William 
Milburn of Newcastle, hoastman. Newcastle Hoastmcn, Dendy, Surtees Society. 
' Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont's Deeds. 


In 1768, Miss Mary Allgood purchased from John Rutherford of 
Hexham, glazier, a field in Broonihaugh, which Mr. William Bainbridge, 
whom she subsequently married, sold in 1815 to Hugh Shield of Newcastle 
for the sum of ;^ 120. This field, with a house erected thereon by Mr. Shield, 
at his death came to his brother, John Shield,' who, after enlarging the 
house, sold it.' It now belongs to Mr. James Scott. 

The freeholders who voted in respect of lands in Broonihaugh at the 
election of knights of the shire in 17 10 were Robert Carr, Christopher 
Rochester, Thomas Usher, Cuthbert Chicken, and John Ridley ; in 
17 1 5, Christopher Rochester of Broomley, Robert Carr, John Ridley, and 
Thomas Usher; in 1721 Thomas Usher, Robert Carr, Cuthbert and John 
Ridley ; in 1722, Christopher Rochester of Broomley, Cuthbert Ridley 
of Mickley, Thomas Usher of Styford, Robert Carr, John Ridley, John 
Ridley, senior, and John Angus; in 1734, John Angus of Styford, Thomas 
Usher of Morpeth, Cuthbert Ridley, John Ridkv of West Acomb, Robert 
Carr, and Thomas Usher; in 1748, John Angus of Styford, Nicholas 
Byerley of Stocksfield, John Chicken of Cundy-heads, Wilkinson Kirsop 
of Hexham, William Liddell of Byker, John Ridley of Acomb, Cuthbert 
Ridley of Styford; in 1774, John Bierley of Ovington, John Ridley of 
Acomb, Robert Wilson of West Renton and Jonathan Angus of Shilford ; 
in 1826, George Burdis of Newcastle, 'Sir' Thomas Heron of South 
Shields, Henry Jefferson of Black-hall, Hugh Shield, and Ralph Wake of 
Windmill Hills. 

At the present time, the landowners in Broonihaugh^ are : Miss Bacon 
Grey,^ Broonihaugh and Whiteside ; Mr. W. C. B. Beaumont, Shilford ; Sir 
Jacob Wilson, Mr. Edward Lowry, and Mr. James Scott, parcels of land 
at Broomhaugh. 

' Hugh Shield of Broonihaugh died 2ist December, 1840, aged 74 ; M.I. Bywell St. Peter. John 
Shield of Newcastle and Broomhaugh died 6th August, 1S4S, aged 80, and was buried at Bywell St. 
Andrew. He was author of many local songs, including 'My Lord Size,' 'Poor Tom the Blind Boy,' 
verses addressed to Greathead, one of the inventors of the lifeboat, etc. Cf. Sykes, Local Records, vol. 
iii. p. 234. 

' Bell Collection. 

' A deed granting a schoolhouse at Broomhaugh and a residence for the teaclier was enrolled in 
1S58. 32»i? Report of Deputy Keeper of Public Records, vol. ii. app. 2, p. 140. 

' Miss Bacon Grey's lands are held by the same title as her lands at Riding, which will be noticed 



The township of Riding abuts on the Tync, and from its north-west 
angle southward has an extreme length of nearly two miles. Towards the 
south-west the land rises, at the Hemmels-fell, to a height of 500 feet above 
sea-level; it is watered by the beautiful Dipton burn, and comprises an area 
of 1036 acres. In addition to the hamlets of Riding and Riding-mill, which 
adjoin each other, the township contains the hamlets and homesteads of 
Riding Lea, Riding-hills, Red Hemmels, White Hemmels, etc. St. James's 
chapel-of-ease, the schools, the Terrace, some villa residences, etc., and a 
station on the North-Eastern Railway, are situated at Riding-mill. The 
population in 1901 was 197.' 

As the vills of Riding and Lee were originally members of Broomhaugh, 
neither is mentioned in the enumeration of the Bolbec fees given in the 
Testa de Nevill. The earliest mention" of the Riding occurs in an inquisition 
taken in 1262 on the death of Hugh de Bolbec, where it is stated that the 
vill comprised seventeen cottage holdings, to which appertained twenty-six 
and a half acres of land, the value being £2 3s. io|d. per annum. In the 
Ley there were six bond-tenants who held six lands, each of which contained 
15 acres ; they all paid for farms and works 51s. 6d. ; a cottar paid i8d. for 
his cottage and works. The value of the Ley was 53s.' 

RvDiNG Subsidy 




s. d. 

s. d. 

Summa bonorum Eliae Scopyn ... 


2 10 

uncle regi 

3 loj 

„ Johannis fabri ... 

16 6 


r 6 

Willelmi Pul 



I 6A 

„ Eliae filii Wyseman ... 

17 3 


I 7 

Summa hujiis villae, ^4 13s. 7d. Unde regi, 8s. 6d. (s;V). 
L.\ Ley Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

i s. d. s. d. 

Summa bonorum Johannis Redhod ... ... 257 unde regi 4 \\ 

„ Johannis filii Alani ... ... 147 „ 23 

„ Rogeri del la Ley ... ... i 11 2 „ 2 10 

„ Alani de la Ley ... ... I 2 10 ,, 21 

Summa hujus villae, £b 4s. 2d. Unde regi, us. 3|d. 

' The Census Returns are : 1801, 105; iSil, 139; 1821, 135; 1831, 151 ; 1841, 132; 1851, 141; 
1861, 142 ; 1871, 206 ; 1S81, 213 ; 1891, 240 ; 1901, 197. 

- It is possible, however, that this is the place referred to in the Great Roll of the Pipe, for the year 
1231, when the sheriff, amongst the amercements by four justices, returned Raven de Riding as owing 
half a mark for disseisin ; his son Roger owed a similar sum for the same cause. Both sums were 
still owing two years later. Mag. Rot. Ptpae, 15 Hen. III. ; Hodgson, NorthiimberUind, pt. iii. vol. iii. 
pp. 164, 167. 3 inq, p.m. Hugonis de Bolebec, 46 Henry IlL No. 25. 


Ralph de Greystoke, who died in the year 1323, at the time of his 

death was seised of a tenement in la Lye, which comprised a toft, a croft, 

and twelve acres of land, and formerly yielded 12s. per annum; a toft and 

croft which in time of peace used to be worth i8d. per annum ; at the 

time of the inquisition nothing was received from either holding." At 

the Riding he was seised of three husbandlands, each of which comprised 

a toft and five acres which were formerly worth 21s., but at that time only 

paid tos. There were six tenants in the Riddinge in the year 1524, viz. : 

Thomas and John Lomley, each of whom paid a rent of 17s. ; Nicholas 

Anderson, who paid 7s. 2d.; Edward Armstrong, who paid los. 8d. ; John 

Pareman, who held seven acres of arable land in addition to his messuage. 

and paid us.; whilst the sixth tenant, John Burn, paid 20s. per annum for 

the mill. The value of the vill was ^4 2s. lod. There were six tenants 

in the Lee, viz., John Dobson, William Stobberd, Edward Smyth, John 

Anderson, Isabel Dobson, and John Forster, who held at rents varying 

from 5s. 3d. to 15s. The value of the vill was 50s. 6d." No evidence has 

been found illustrating the history of these places during the fifteenth 

century, at which period they formed part of the possessions of the earls 

of Westmorland ; they were forfeited to the Crown by the rebellion of the 

last earl in 1569. 

RvDYNf; AND Le Lye, 1570.' jj^.^,, 

Tenant. Holding Tenure. £ s. d. 

John Sharprowe ... I messuage, etc., and a By lease dated i2tli Jan., 1566/7... for2i years... on o 
water com mill in 
Rydyng, etc. 

John Lundley ... i messuage, etc. ... „ „ 15th Sept., 1566 ... for 10 years... i i 10 

John Taylour ... i „ „ ... „ „ „ ,, ... „ o 17 4 

Nicholas Lombcley i „ „ ... „ „ „ „ ... „ „ ... i 2 6.* 

ThomasArmestrong i „ „ ... „ ,, „ „ ... „ „ ... o 17 o 

Alexander Foster ... i „ „ ... „ „ „ „ ... for 21 years... o 16 2 

Agnes Usher ... i „ „ ... „ „ 4th April, 1567 ... „ „ ... o 5 gi 

Margaret Foster ... i „ „ ... held at the lord's will ... o 12 o 

George Thompson i „ „ ... „ „ „ ... o 14 9 

Margaret Portus, 

widow, late wife of 

William Foster ... i „ „ ... „ „ „ ...015 10 

Executors of George 

Robynson ... i messuage ... ... by lease dated 15th Sept., 1566... for2i years... o 10 o 

Cuthbert Peirson i tenement „ „ ,, „ ... „ „ ... [o 10 o] 

John Hearde ... a water corn mill, etc. „ „ „ „ ... for loyears... o 10 o 

Thomas Foster ... a cottajje ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... o 2 o 

' Inq. p.m. Radulfi de Graistok, 17 Edw. II. No. 72. 
" P.R.O. Rentals and Surveys, portfolio \'i. ' Hall and Homberston's Survey. 


A moiety, if not the whole, of one of the water corn-mills at Riding 
belonged to the chantry of St. John at Hrancepeth, Unrham. A messuage in 
By well, a five-acre close in the parish of By well, called Wattesfild, and the 
moiety of a water corn-mill called Rydinge mylne, 'all formerly belonging 
to St. John's chantry in Brauncepeth,' in consideration of a competent sum 
of money and on the petition of George Darcye, esq., were granted 22nd 
June, 1575, to John Soukye and Percival Gtinson, to hold of the queen as of 
the manor of East Greenwich.' 

A messuage at Rydinge in le Lye, in the tenure of Margaret Foster 
at the rent of 12s., and a tenement in the same place in the tenure of 
George Thompson at the rent of 14s. gd., parcel of the earl of Westmor- 
land's possessions, were granted, with other places, on June 7th, 1576, for a 
term of years, to William Pattenson, who agreed to serve the queen ' in the 
north part from time to time when need is, by himself or by sufficient able 
men with horse or horses and in warlike apparell, when he is commanded 
or called bv the warden or lieutenant, according to the custom of the 
countrvside, and he or sufficient able men shall inhabit the said tenements 
and shall at their own cost, dig and make dikes, hedges, and ' le quickset ' 
round the possessions,' by the direction of the steward of the court or the 
queen's commissioners.' ^ 

Nine messuages or tenements in Rydynge and in the Lye, in the 
occupation respectively of John Lundley, John Taylor, Nicholas Lombley, 
Thomas Armestronge, Alexander Foster, Agnes Ussher, Margaret Portus, 
widow, the e.xecutors of George Robynson, Cuthbert Pereson ; a cottage, in 
the occupation of Thomas Foster; a messuage and water corn-mill in Rydynge, 
in the tenure of John Sharperowe ; another water corn-mill with suit, soc, 
watercourse and multure, in the tenure of John Hearde, parcel of the barony 
of Bolbec, and of the possessions of Charles, earl of Westmorland, were 
granted 12th November, 1576, to Sir Francis Russel for a term of years, 
under similar covenant for the provision of able men to serve the queen 
and for diking and ditching, as is set out in the lease above mentioned to 
William Pattenson.^ 

Under similar provisions for diking and ditching and for the provision of 
men to serve in arms, lands at the Riding and the Lee were granted on the 
i8th of July, 1595, to John Ward, gent., to hold for a period of twenty-one 

' Pat. Rolls, 17 Eliz. pt. 5. ' //'/</. 18 Eliz. pt. 3. ^ p,,/, j^olls, 18 Eliz. pts. 5 and 18. 



years.' Under this lease, the sub-tenants held their tenements when the new 
survey was made in 1608, at which time the tenants of Riding had common of 
pasture on the Marchburn fells, Raw-bush, and Whitelees, while those of 
the Lee had theirs on Marchburn and Mickley fells." 


William Lumbley 

John Ridley 
Robert Tayler 
Thomas Bate 


John Hedley 

Tenants holding by lease in Ridinge, 1608. 

Tenement. Former Tenant. 

By letteis patent dated iSth 
July, 1595, for 21 years ... 

William Lumbley . 

Nicholas Lumbley . 
John Tayler... 
Robert StockhiU , 

Tenants holding by lease in Leigh, 160S. 

Former Tenant. 

I tenement George Thompson 

By letters patent dated 
iSth July, 1595 
„ Margaret Partus, widow „ 

„ Ale.xander Foster ... „ 

„ Widow Bate ... ... „ 

„ Agnes Usher „ 

cottage Thomas Fotherley ... „ 

All the tenants of the Lee hold among them a parcel of ground called an intacke, 
containing^, by estimation, 5 acres ... 

Cuthbert Foster.. 
Henry Foster .. 
George Bate 
Henry Lomley .. 
George Harrison 


s. d. 


beyond rent. 

£ s. d. 









3 4 











13 4 


s. d. 

beyond rent. 
C s. d. 











3 4 



13 4 



13 4 





6 8 

Sum total of the lands in the Leigh 

(s")^3 8 9 ji'S u 8 

A messuage in Rydinge, with all the lands thereto belonging, the water 
corn-mill in Rydinge and the Ley, parcel of the barony of Bolbec, late in 
the tenure of John Shearprowe, of the yearly value of lis., the water corn- 
mill in Rydinge and the Ley, parcel of the barony of Bolbec, late in the 
tenure of John Heard, of the yearly value of los., both of which were parcel 
of the possessions of Charles, late earl of Westmorland, attainted, were 
granted, 19th May, 1609, to Edward Ferrers of London, mercer, and Francis 
Philipps of London, gent., to hold of the king as of the manor of East 

Four messuages in Ridinge, then or late in the tenures respectively of 
William Lombley (late John Lyndley alias Lundley), John Tailor, John 
Ridley (late Nicholas Lombley), Robert Stokell (late Thomas Armestrong); 

' Ibid. 37 Eliz. pts. 5 and 18. 

Haggat and Ward's Survey. 

■' Pat. Rolls, 7 Jas. I. pt. 16. 


a messuage in the Lye, late in the tenure of Alexander Foster, and at lliat 
time in the possession of Henry Foster, parcel of the barony of Bolbec late 
belonging to Charles, carl of Westmorland, were granted, lOth April, 1610, 
to Eldred and Whitmore for a term of sixty years.' 

A messuage in the Lye, late in the tenure of Margaret Foster, and 
in that of George Bate, of the yearly value of 12s., parcel of the 
barony of Bolbec, and of the possessions of Charles, earl of Westmorland, 
was granted, 31st August, 16 10, to Eldred and Whitmore, for the term 
of sixty years.^ 

At the Ecclesiastical Court at Durham, in 1621, proceedings were taken 
against George Crawford, schoolmaster at lez Leigh, in the parish of Bywell 
St. Andrew, ' for teaching schole there since Easter last without lycence, 
and for teaching them popishe manuell and other authors not allowed.' ' 

On the 2nd of June, 1625, the barony of Bolbec and certain lands in 
Bromehaughe with Eedinge, and le Ley, parcel of the said barony, of 
the yearly rent of _^i8 17s. yd., were granted to Edward Allen, Robert 
Ducie, George Whitmore, and other citizens of London, in part satisfaction 
for a large sum of money lent by the city of London to the late king 
James L^ Three years later, on the 5th of September, 1628, at the request 
of the citizens of London, the king granted to Edward Ditchfield, John 
Highlord, and others, lands in Riding and le Lye in several tenures, of 
^"8 5s. 3d. yearly rent, five acres of land in le Lye newly improved from 
the waste-lands held by the tenants of the vill of le Lye of 2od. yearly rent, 
an increase of rent of 3s. o|d. ; which premises in Riding and le Lye are 
together of ^.8 los. o|d. yearly rent.^ The two water corn-mills of 
Riding and le Lye, in the tenure of John Sharperowe and John Heard 
{Ord)° respectively, having previously been granted in fee farm, were 
excepted from the grant.' Under these respective grants, the present 
freeholders claim their titles. 

1 Pcit. Rolls, 8 Jas. I. pi. 49. 

= Ibid. 8 Jas. I. pt. 15. Leases of other tenements were granted on the igth of November, 1610, 
and the 14th of March, 161 1, to Eldred and Whitmore, and on the 7th of August, 1618, to Edward Bee, 
esq. Cf. Pat. Rolls, 8 Jas. I. pts. 19 and 57 ; 16 Jas. 1. pt. 13. 

^ Canon Raine's extracts from Durham Records. ' Pat. Rolls, 1 Chas. I. pt. 4. '■' Ibid. 4 Chas. I. pt. 33. 

° 2nd January, 1643-4. Inventory of the goods of John Orde of Rydinge milhie, yeoman, praised by 
John Orde of Ayrdley and others. Imprimis. One lease or mortgage of one tenement in Rydinge, one 
mill-howse and one water corne millnc, with the appurtences, for a term of years yett in being from 
Isabella Carnabye, widow, and William Carnaby, with a clause of redemption. Durham Probate Registry. 

' Pat. Rolls, 4 Chas. I. pt. 33. 


Proi'kikiors in Rideing, 1663.' 
Kideiiiy tiiwn : John Dixon, John Luniley, Wilham Ridley, ^20 os. od. ; Mr. John Foibter of the 
Lee, £6 os. od. ; Rideing mill and land, Mr. Thomas Errington of Newcastle, A20 os. od. ; the Lee, 
Mr. John Forster of the Lee, and Richard Sinith, ;f33 os. od. 

RiDiNGi.; Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665.'- 
Mr. Thomas Errington, four chimneys ; William Oliver, William Ridley, Michael Linton, Gerard 
Erington, Henry Forster and John Forster, each one chimney ; John Dodd, Henry Taylor, Michael 
Ansell, William Wilkinson, Robert Chicken, Richard Smith, Henry Shell, John Newton and John Dixon, 
not payable. 

Lee, Rydon, and Broomehau(;h Subsidy or Hearih Tax, 1675. ■' 
Mr. Thomas Errington, five chimneys ; John Forster, John Smith, Michael Linton, John Dixon, 
Thomas Usher, John Usher, and Christopher Hudspeth, each one chimney; Ralph Angiist [? Angus], 
three chimneys ; Henry Forster, Thomas Smart, John Lumley, William Ridley, Matthew Foster, Isabel 
Ridley, and William Smith, each one chimney. 

The lands granted to Ditchfield and others were sold by them on 
the 19th of February, 1630, to John Heath and Roger Fenwick. By a 
deed dated 12th December, 1632, George Baker of Newcastle, John Heath 
of Durham, and Roger Fenwick of Shortflat, sold certain lands at the 
Lee and at the Riding, together with ' three day works of meadow ground 
lying in Broomhaugh east fields,' to John Foster of the Lee, who, on 
the nth of February, 1661, settled the same upon his son Henry on his 
marriage with Anne, daughter of Edward Surtees of Broad Oak. Henry 
Forster sold lands at Riding to Roger Fenwick of Riding-mill and another, 
who, on the 14th of February, 1693, resold to Thomas Teasdale of Steel-hall 
in Slaley.^ Thomas Teasdale of Newcastle, grandson of Thomas Teasdale 
of Steel-hall, by his will, dated 9th July, 1723, gave his lands to his wife for 
her life and then to his sisters and their issue. Thomas Teasdale's widow, 
who was Esther, daughter of William Varey of Newcastle, notary public, 
re -married Lancelot AUgood of He-xham, solicitor.^ She possessed other 
lands at the Riding as heiress to her father, which she transmitted to the two 
daughters of her second marriage, Esther, wife of William Hunter, and Mary, 
wife of William Bainbridge. By various purchases, from the reversioners of 
Thomas Teasdale's estate, Mr. and Mrs. Bainbridge increased their holding. 

' Hodgson, NvrtJiuinbcrhiiui, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 286. 

' Subsiily Rull, ]§;]. " Ibid, j jg. ^ All bom Abstract of Title. Bell Collection, vol. 394. 

'■" 1761, 2 April. Will of Esther ."Mlgood of the Riding, widow. My cousins Elizabeth Varey, 
Joseph Varey of Newbegin, near Penrith, Rev. John Varey of Gillan, co. Ebor., Sarah Waterstrum, 
William Varey of .-Mbemarle Street, Westminster, Teasdale Mowbray of Bishop Wearmouth ; the seven 
unmarried daughters of my late niece, Margaret Hunter of Fenwick. I give £% per annum out of my 
messuage at White Cross, Newcastle, to the school by me built at the Riding. I give £$ to each of the 
parishes of Corbridge, Bywell St. Andrew, All Saints, Newcastle, for the poor. My estate at Hawkup, 
Riding, and the Lee, and my lease of a quarter of the tithe corn of Newburn to my two daughters 
Esther and Mary. Raine, Test. Ebor. 

Vol. VI. 





Wil.i.iAM Vakey of Ne\vca5lle, notary public, owner of lands -.a Ridinj; anU Lee; = Elizabelli, clital at the Ridiiij;, 
living igtii Ueccmber, 1722 (a) ; buried, All Saints', Newcastle, May 22nd, 1724. | August, I75i,agcd S5; buried, 

All Saints', Newcastle (a'). 

I " 

= Esther Varey, daughter^ [and = Lancelot Allgood of Hexham, attorney-at-law, 

Thomas Teasdale of Steel-hall in 
Slaley, and of Newcastle ; 
baptised 2.Sth September, ifigS ; 
articles before marriage iSth 
and 19th December, 1722 ; 
will dated gth July, 1723 ; 
proved 1724; died s.j>.; first 

heiress], owner of lands at Riding, 
Kirkheaton, I'ecl-dykes, llawknp- 
hill,etc. *; died at her lu>use in 
Newgate St., Newcastle, M;uch, 
1762, aged 67 ; buried All Saints' 
(0 ; will dated 2nd Ai>ril, 1 761 
(c) ; proved loth Nov., 1763. 

Esther, daughter and co-heiress, born 13th November, 
1729 (//) ; obtained lands at Kirkheaton, Peel- 
dykes, and Hawkup-hill as her jiurparty of the 
estate ; articles before marriage 1st and 2nd June, 
1764 : m.irried at St. Paul's, Covent Gal den, 4tli 
June, 1764, William Hunter of He.xham, attorney 


third son of Major AUgood, rector of Simond- 
burn (/;) ; bapti.sed at Siniundburn 1st May, 
1691 ; bond of marriage nth February, 172S/9- 
articles before marriage I2th February, 1728/9; 
married 13th February, 1728/9 (/;) ; purchased 
lands at Kirkheaton in 1732 ; will dated 6th 
Jan., 1734/5 ; proved 1735 (c); second husband. 

Mary, daughter and co-heiress, born 7th March, 
1733/4 ('') ; obtained lands at Riding, Lee, 
etc., as her purparty of the estate ; articles 
befoic marriage 26th antl 2Sth Nov., 1768; married 
at St. Clcrne[it Danes, 5lh Jan., 1769, William 
liainbridge of Slaley, but at that lime residing in 
the parish of St. George, Hanover Square (a). 

* By deeds dated 29th and 30th Ma}-, 1764, Esther and Mary AUgood of the Riding, spinsters, daughters and 
co-heiresses of Esther AUgood of the Riding, widow, deceased, agreed to a partition of their lands ; the farms at Kirkheaton, 
Peel-dykes, and Hawkuphill were conveyed to the said Esther, and the estate at the Riding, a rent charge of £iO, and a sum 
of money, were conveyed to the said Mary for their respective shares. Miss Iledley's Kirkheaton Deeds. 

(a) Bell Collection. ib") Mr. William Bainbridge's Family Bible. (c) Raine, Test. Ebor. 

(rf) Newcastle Courant, 17th August, 1751. (e) Ibid. 1st April, 1762. 


Thomas 13ainbkidge of Slaley, yeoman, died 29th September, 
1765, aged 80 years (a) (c) (</). 

Mary (c) .... [? daughter of Thomas Hunter, baptised 
at Bywell St. Peter, 7th April, 1696 (/<)]. 

Thomas, bap- 
tised 1 8th 
Aug., 1715 



John, baptised 
2Sth Feb., 
1 71 7/8 (a). 

Joseph Bainbridge of Slaley, = Elizabeth Lawson of the parish 

baptised 25th April, 172; 
(fl); buried 2Stli Jan., 1774 
(a) ; aged 49 (</) {c). 

of Bywell St. Peter ; married 
circa .April, 1756 (a); ilied 4lh 
May, 1760 (a), aged 24 (r ) (,/). 

Jacob Bainbridge, baptised 
Sth November, 1731 (a); 
buried 13th May, 1770 
(«), aged 39 (rf). 

Thomas, baptised 6th November, 1757 (a). 

Mary, baptised 30th January, buried Sth March, 1760 (a). 

William Bainbridge of the Rid- : 
ing, jure uxoris, ' born 27th 
-April, 1736, or, according to 
the new style, the 8th May ' 
(<i) ; died 5th December, 1826 
(/) ; buried at Bywell ; will 
dated 4th August, 1826 ; 
proved at Canterbury 28th 
June, 1S27 (/). 

Mary, daugh- Isaac, bap- Jane, mar.== Thomas Jameson of Slaley, 

ter and co- tised loth October, anddied 30th Jan., 1807(c), 

heiress of November, 1758(a); I leaving an only surviving 

Lancelot All- 1759 (.") t died 18th'' child, Thomas Jameson of 

good of Rid- bur. 24th Feb., Slaley (died 1843), whose 

ing ; died February, 1S15, eldest daughter, Jane 

Nov. 2nd, I74o/l(«). aged 88 Jameson, married Sth 

180S (/;) W W- Ju'ie. iS". Juli" Black- 

(./)• burn. ^ 

Margareljbap. 3rst 
Aug., 1721 («); 
mar. Lord George 
Beauclerk, 6th son 
of the first duke of 
St. Albans, and a 
in the army ; died 

George Bainbridge of the Riding, and 
of Winchfield, Hants; born 23rd 
March, baptised Sth May, 1771 (/() (.<'); 
in 1815 was residing in Mount-street, 
Berkeley Square ; died at Winchfield, 
17th August, 184I ; will dated 2nd 
August, 1S41 (/). 

(a) Slaley Register. 

(ii) .Mr. William Bainbridge's Family Bible. 

(c) Bell Collection. 

William Bainbridge, 
born 30th Jan., 1775 
(/<) ; administration 
of his personal es- 
tate 28th July, 1801, 
granted to his 
brother George (_/). 

Lancelot Bainbridge, 
born iSthSept., 1776 
((&) ; administration 
of his personal es- 
tate 13th May, iSoo, 
granted to his father 

I I 

Mary, born 28th October 
(b) ; baptised 13th De- 
cember, 1769 (,g); died 
29th September, 1820 (/). 

Esther,born28thDec., 1772 
(^) ; baptised 22nd Feb., 
1773(f); died unmarried. 

(rf) M.I. Slaley. 

(^e) Newcastle Chronicle^ 19th November, 

(/) Mr. William Blac 

i^g) Corbridge Register. 





Isaac FIunTEK of Dukesfield-hall (u) ; limited administration of his personal estate 20th April, 1793, := Mary (a). 

granted to liis son John (/") (/;). I 


William Hunter of Battle-hill, Hexham, attorney, baptised ^ Esther, dau. and co-heir of Lancelot 

27th August, 1734 (a); married at St. Paul's, Covent Allgood of Riding; articles before 

Garden, 4th June, 1764 (f) ; administration of his personal mar. 1st and 2nd June, 1764 (^) ; 

estate 1st April, 1783, granted to his widow (/;). will dated 2gth Oct., 1793 (^). 

^ I I 

Calverley, bapt. 2gth 
April, 1731, buried 
3rd Feb., I73i/2(rt). 

Thomas, bapt. 25th 
Nov., 1732 («). 

AUgood Hiuiter of 
Hexham, attorney-at- 
law ; bapt. 1 2th July, 
1765 {/>) ; died s.p. ; 
bur, loth April, 1799 
(/i) ; will dated I2th 
March, 1799 ; proved 
at York 25th June, 
same year (A) {/) {e). 

I I 

Thomas, bapt. 
7th Oct. ,1766 
(/-) ; died 
young (<). 

William, bapt. 
6th Septem- 
ber, buried 
9th Decem- 
ber, 1767 (//). 

, . I 
William Hunter 
of Manchester, 
cotton manu- 
facturer (e) ; 
bapt. 2.Sth Jan. 
1770 (/^ ; died 
intestate at 
Dec, 1816, s.p. 


Isaac Hunter, sur- 
geon, R.N., bapt. 
31st Oct., 1771 
((i) ; will dated 
Oct., 1795 '• died 
on board the ' In- 
vincible ' on his 
voyage to Anti- 
gua, s.p. (X-). 

8th July, 

1773 ('^): 




Mary Hunter of Hexham, baptised 
l6th May, [766 (/)) ; died 24th 
May, 1827. By her will, dated 
23rd April, 1S25, she devised 
her lands at Kirkheaton, etc., to 
her cousin, George Bainbridge, 
and the residue of her personal 
estate to her cousin, Isaac 
Hunter of Hexham (e) (/). 

Isabella, daugh- 
ter of . . . Sur- 
tees of Milk- 
well-burn, mar- 
ried 3rd Octo- 
ber, 1765 (.f) ; 
buried 24th 
February, 1779 

Isaac Hunter of = Mary Winship, George Hun- 

baptised 14th 
Sejilember, 1737 
(«) ; buried 8th 
Aug., 1796 («) ; 
will pioved I5lh 
September, 1796 

of the parish of 
Stanhope ; mar. 
14th Feb., 17S6 
{<i) ; died s.p. 
(/) ; 2nd wife. 

ter, baptised 
at Whitley 
chapel, 1 2th 
lune, 1740 


John Hunter, bapt. 29th : 
Sept., 1746 (a); liv. Oct., 
1795, when he was ap- 
pointed an executor of 
the will of his nephew, 
Isaac Hunter(«); died.?./. 

. . . . sister of Mi- 
chael Bell of Hex- 
ham, and of William 
Bell of High Shield 

I I 

Anne, baptised 21st July, 1736 (a) ; married iSth July, 1765, Robert Surtees («) 

of iMilkwell-burn (</). 
Jane, baptised 29th Sept., 1743 (a); [? married William Bell of High Shield, Hexham], 

Thomas, baptised 7th November, 1768 
(a); buried 25th March, 1769 (a). 

Thomas, baptised 25th March, 1769 
(a); buried i6th November, 1779(a). 

Isaac Hunter of Hexham (f),some- : 
time of Newbiggin, afterwards 
of Acomb (/") ; baptised 7th 
September, 1770 (a). 

Dorothy Robert, bap- 
Boldon. tised 8th 
(0- July, 1773 


I I 
Catherine, bapt. 29th 
Dec, 1766 (a) ; bur. 
23rd Sept., 1803(a). 
Other daughters. 

(a) S/a/ev Register. (c) Miss Hedley's Kirkludton Deeds. (^) Raine, Test. Elior. 

(//) Hexham Register. (/) Bell Collection, vol. 394. (;) Newcastle Couraytt, . . . June, 1764. 

(r) Whitley Chapel Register. {g) Newcastle Comaiit, 5lh October, 1765. (/•) Newcastle Chronicle^ 4th March, 1797. 

(f/) Newcastle Cinirant,2'j\\\]\x\y, 1765, 

The lands comprised in the marriage settlement of William Bainbridge 
and Esther Allgood, at Mr. Bainbridge's death in 1826, were vested in their 
son George Bainbridge, as the only surviving issue of the marriage, who sold 
the greater part to the trustees of his father's will. Dying at Winchfield in 
Hampshire, in 1841, Mr. George Bainbridge devised his real estate at that 
place and at the Riding to his friend. Lord Charles Beauclerc, who resided 
at Riding-house until about 1859. After passing through the hands of Mr. 
John Clerevaulx Fenwick, the house and adjacent lands were purchased by 
Mr. Richard Beal McAUum, who laid out for building sites the ground now 
occupied by the Terrace, and was succeeded by his son, Mr. Hugh Kirk 
McAllum, the present proprietor. 


Under Mr. William Bainbridj^e's will, datetl 4th AuL;iist, 1S26, his real 
and personal estate were given to trustees to hold to his son for his life, and 
if he should die without issue (which happened) to the use of William 
Blackburn, great-grandson of his (the testator's) sister Jane, wife of Thomas 
Jameson of Slaley. As has been already mentioned, the trustees of the 
will, out of the trust moneys, purchased the larger part of Mr. George 
Bjiinbridge's lands at Riding and Lee, which are now held by Mr. AVilliaiu 
lilackburn, a descendant of Mrs. Jameson. 

The low, long-fronted, two-storeyed house on the north side of the road 
leading to Hexham, with the adjoining farm, generally called the Riding, 
was in the possession of the family of Smith of Snows-hill, in Benfieldside, 
about the middle of the eighteenth century. The last member of the 
family, Ralph Smith of the Riding,' who died in 1786, used frequently to 
join the hunt with Robert Surtees of Milkwell-burn, to whom he devised his 
lands here, at Broomhaugh, and at Espershields, 'all for the love of hunting,' 
for he was no relation. Robert Surtees died intestate in 181 1, and was 
succeeded by his son, Mr. Anthony Surtees of Hamsterley, who in 1820 sold 
his lands at Riding and Broomhaugh to Mr. Charles Bacon of Stvford, to 
whose grand-daughters, Miss Bacon-Grey and Mrs. Guiry, they now belong. 

At the present time, the landed proprietors are Miss Bacon-Grey, who 
holds Riding, 103 acres; Mr. W. Blackburn, Riding-hills, etc., 333 acres; 
Mr. D. O. Drewitt, 22 acres ; Mr. H. K. McAllum, 3 acres ; Mr. W. Scott, 21 
acres ; Mr. H. Straker, Riding Lee, 252 acres; and Sir Jacob Wilson,^ 172 acres. 

The witches' revels at Riding bridge end have been already mentioned 
in the account of Birchesnook. The house at Riding mill in which Mr. 
Thomas Errington resided in 1672, when his servants and horses were vexed 
by the witches, was, there can be no doubt, the present Duke of Wellington 
Inn, over the door of which is a panel with the arms of Errington: Argent, 
two bars and in chief tJiree escallops azure, with the inscription, T. B. 1660.' 
At the Quarter Sessions held at Morpeth' in 1673, Mr. Errington's servant, 
Robert Johnson, deposed that in the previous August he heard a great noise 
of horses' feet as though it had been an army of men, and that at Christmas 

' Ralph Smith of the Riding voted for the Ridiny in 1774. Poll Book. 

' Jacob Wilson of Alston and Joseph Wilson of Edenhill, Cumberland, voted for a freehold at 
Riding-mill in 1832. Poll Book. 

^ The lettering seems to have been recut ; if so, the initials originally T. E. may have been .altered 
to fit the surname of Browell or Boutflower. Edward Browell of Riding-mill voted for lands there at the 
elections of knights of the shire in 1710, 1715, and 1721 ; and William Boutflower of Riding-mill voted 
in 1774. Poll Books. ' Depositions frojii York Castle; Raine, p. 198. Surt- Soc. No. 40. 



time, ' being sheeling some oats, about two hours before the sunn-setting, all 
the geer, viz., hopper and hoops, and all other things but the stones, flew 
downe and were casten of and he himselfe almost killed with them, they 
comeinar against him with such force and violence.' 

The Inn at Riping-mii-L. 


Thomas Errington [admitted to the Hostmen's Compnny iSth June, 1649 (.e)], postmaster, 
of Newcastle (/), in 1663 held lands at Riding-mill, /h^v uxoris, and at Shilford ; buried in 
'the chancel of St. John's church, Newcastle, 23rd May, 1678 (a) (d). 

Agnes, daughter 
of Lancelot 
Carnahy (»•). 

Paul Errington of the parish of =^ Dorothy Erring 

St. John, Newcastle, and of 
Riding-mill, admitted free of 
the Merchants' Company, 
ii-)th April,l67i,by patrimony 
(/i); died before 1684 (<•) ; 
the administration bond of 
his personal estate, formerly at 
Durham in 1681, is now lost. 

ton of Bywell 
widow; bond of 
marriage, May, 
1670 ; mar. at 
Norham, 14th 
May, 1670. 

Margaret Renni- : 
son, sp., bond 
of mar. 23rd 
May,i6gi; bur. 
St. Nicholas', 
Newcastle, I Sth 
January, 1706/7 

Nicholas Errington of New- 
castle, admitted free of the 
Merchants' Company 2nd 
May, i6go, by patrimony 
(/') ; was about 42 years of 
age in 1704, when he made 
a depositus respecting the 
suit and custom of the mill 
at Riding (*) ; d. 1727 (Ji). 

to the 
26th Feb., 
1674 CO- 


Thomas Errington, son and heir, who, with his mother, 26th June, 1694, 
sold their lands at Riding-mill to Thomas Radcliffe and Ralph 
Widdrington (e"). 


(a) Brand, Newcastle^ vol. i. p. 113. 

iji) Newcastle Merchant Adventurers^ Dendy, 

(c) St. Nicholas' Register^ Newcastle. 


(^) Newcastle Hostmen's Company^ Dendy. 

Prideaux Errington, admitted free of the 
Merchants' Company igih Nov., 1741, 
by patrimony (/;) ; died 1742 (/). 

((/) St. Johns Register, Newcastle. 

(/') Exchequer De/)ositums, 3 Anne. Mich. Term, No. 43. 

(/) Cal. Com. for Comp. Cases, p. 3107. 



The two detached portions of the parish of Rywell vSt. Andrew whicli 
lie in the valley of the Dement comprise the three townships of Shotlev, 
Bhinchhmd, and Newbii;i;in, which, for ecclesiastical purposes, formed the 
chapelry of Shotley, and were sometimes spoken of as Shotley-shire. The 
district, which to a large extent has a southern e.xposure, contains towards 
the west extensive and trackless moors and fells, with here and there an 
ancient homestead with its surrounding enclosures. By the side of the 
river Derwent, the lands, formerly cultivated, are now largely laid away 
to permanent grass. 

The township of Shotley, or Shotley Low Quarter, as it was formerly 
called, comprises an area of 7,131 acres, and in 1901 had a population of 
505.' It is almost wholly pastoral, and contains the homesteads and 
hamlets of Airey-holm, Aliens-ford, Bolisher, Bullions, Black Hedley, 
Birkenside, Durham-lield, Eddys-bridge, Hammer-mill, Kilnpit-hill, Moss- 
wood, Panshield, Redwell, Shotley-field, Snods, Summerfield, Unthank, 
Wallish-walls and Waskerley. Closely adjoining, in the towqiship of 
Benfieldside, in the county of Durham, on the other side of the river, 
is the larger and more important village of Shotley Bridge, placed upon 
the sloping right bank of the Derwent. 

Most of the lands in vShotley before the year 1240 had been granted 
out to various tenants who held of Hugh de Bolbeck in free socage. Alan 
Tysum held one carucate and paid i6s. 8d. ; Thomas de Blachedley one 
carucate and paid 14s. Sd. ; William son of Simon 20 acres of land and 
paid 3s. 4d. ; Elvered 20 acres and paid 3s. 4d. ; Gilbert de Hedley 40 
acres and paid I2d. ; Henry son of Randolf 56 acres and paid 2s. ; and 
Randolph de Merley 40 acres and paid 6s. 8d.- In an extent taken before 
the sheriff on the 7th November, 1262, after the death of Hugh de Bolbec, 
it was stated that 

In the vill of Schotley there were eight men, each holding i8 acres, who together paid yearly for 
farms and works 76s. 2d.; 40 acres of land which a certain chaplain held were worth 13s. 4d. a year; 
eleven cotters held 8 acres of land in common, worth 25s. 3d. a year; the mill was worth ^5 6s. 8d. a 
year, and the brewhouse iSd. The sum, /"ii 2s. iid. 

' The Census Returns are : 1801,434; 1811,517; 1821,609: 1831,590; 1841,713; 1851,668; 1861, 
637; 1871,612; 1881,554; 1891,589; 1901,505. 

■ Tistii lie Nevill, Hodgson, Noytliuinlierhind, pi. iii. vol. i. |). 214. 



In the assart in Allciseth there were 598 acres and i road, worth ^11 8s. id.; in the same waste 
194 acres and i rood were held by three free tenants who paid in all 37s. 1 1 Ul. Sum, ^13 6s. o.Ul. 

In the hamlet of Waskerley a cotter held 3 roods worth yearly i2d. 

In Blakedeley three men held 56 acres, which were worth for farms and works 20s. 4d.; a waste 
containing 20 acres was worth yearly 5s. ; three cotters held 5 acres, worth yearly 4s. ; fonr freemen held 
3323 acres, and paid yearly in common 40s. 6d. The sum of Blakedeley, 59s. lod. 

In ISyrkinside there were in demesne 105 acres, worth yearly 64s. 

In Neubiging eleven bondmen held in common 88 acres, worth yearly for farms and works 46s. gd. ; 
four cotters held in corninon l| acres of land and paid yearly for farms and works 5s. ; the brewhouse 
jiaid yearly 5s. The sum of Neubiging, 56s. gd. 

The house of Kyppeyer paid yearly to the heirs of Hugh de Bolebech 5 marks. The profit of" coal 
{appruamcntum carbonuin) was worth in ordinary years 6s. 8d. 

The abbot of Blanchland paid yearly 2s. 6d. 

Thomas de Blanchland paid [blank] ; Thomas de Aslacbi paid yearly I2d. 

The total sum of the various sums of Schotley, ^37 17s. 4d.' 

In the inquisition to which the extent is attached it is stated that, 
besides the cottar who held 3 roods of land in Waskerly for I2d. a year, 
Thomas de Aslakbi held lands there by charter at a similar rent, and that in 
Birkenside the abbot of Blanchland held 15 acres by charter and paid 2s. 6d.^ 

Schotley Subsidy Roll, 1296. 






I bonorum Eliae filii Gilberti 




unde regi 




Gilbcrli tilii Eliae 






Ranulphi fabri ... 



1 1 





Ricardi de Allirseth ... 







Thomae filii Laurencii 

1 1 






Uctredi del Riding 







Johannis filii Hugonis 








I'hilippi del Holis 


1 1 

1 1 





Roberti de Medon 








Rogeri Franceys 








Johannis Audre 







Willelmi Smale 







Willelmi filii Arkil ... 








Gilberti fabri 








Thomae fabri 







Willelmi de Allirseth ... 







Sum ma 

totalis hujus villae, ^23 iSs. lod. Und 

e re 




. 6|d. 

About the year 1313, an estate in Sotle, Blake-hedreleye, Birkynside, 
Waskreleye and Newebigging, described as a moiety of one-fourth part of 
certain lands which were held by Walter de Huntercomb for the term 
of his life, although claimed by John de Lancaster as kinsman and heir of 
Alice, wife of Walter de Huntercomb, descended, or was granted, to 

III,], p.m. 46 Hen. III. No. 25. 

Iiiij. p.m. 46 Ui:n. 111. No. 25. 


K;ilph litz William.' Ten years later, these lands, which comprised agist- 
ment of pasture at Shotlev formerly worth 13s. ^d., two tofts with crofts 
and agistment of pasture in Waskerley fornierly worth 8s. 8d., a toft 
and croft with agistment of pastiue in Black Hedley formerly worth 
6s. io|d., agistment of pasture at Rirkenside formerly worth 6s. 8d., and 
two husbandlands at Newbigging which used to pay los., were worth 

In an enquiry held at Newcastle on Thursday, 4th January, 1330, it 
is stated that it would not be to the king's loss to grant a licence to 
Robert Parnyng and Isabel his wife to retain a messuage and 230 acres 
of land in Shotle and Spiryden, which they had acquired without the 
kings licence from John de Lancaster in the time of Edward II. The 
said messuage and lands w^ere held of the king in chief by the payment of 
id. for all services, and were worth in all their issues 40s. a year.' 

Willemus de Seton, 3s. 4d. ; Thomas del Hough, 3s. ; Willehinis de Urpeth, 4s. ; Adam de Allerset, 
4s. 4d.; Thomas Shapyn, 2s. Sd.; Johannes de Misterton, is. .Sunima, iSs. 4d. 

Sir John de Stryvelyn, knight, who died i stli August, 1378, was jointly 
seised with his wife Jacoba of two tenements and 40 acres of land and 
meadow in Neubigyng by Blanchland worth los. a year, and of a tenement 
and 24 acres of land in Shotley then lying waste and of no value.' Dame 
Jacoba died on the 6th February, 1390/1, seised of 8 tenements and 200 
acres of land in the vill of Shotlee, held of Ralph Hastynges by the 
service of 1 lb. of pepper, and worth 4od. per annum ' and not inore on 
account of the destruction by the Scotch.' Her heirs were John de 
Middleton and Christina his wife." Dame Christina de Middleton died 
on the loth March, 142 1/2, seised jointly with her late husband of one 
husbandland, 40 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, and 10 acres of wood 
in Blakehedle, held by socage of Ralph Nevill as of the lordship of Bywell, 
worth yearly nowadays, on account of the destruction by the Scotch and 
the barrenness of the countryside {sterilitatem patriae)^ only I2d." Four 

' Originnlid, y Edw. II. memb. 6. 

"■ Incj. p.m. Radulfi de Graistok, 17 Edw. II. No. 72; inquisition taken at Morpeth 21st July, 1323. 

■' Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 17. ' Inq. p.m. of John de Stryvelyn, 2 Ric. II. No. 49, 

■" Inq. p.m. of Jacoba, widow of John de Stryvelyn, 14 Ric. 11, No. 47. 

'' Inq. p.m. of Christina, widow of John de Middleton, 9 Hen. V. No. 54. 


years afterwards it was stated that Ralph Nevill, earl of Westmorland, 
had died seised of eight messuages in Shotle, parcel of the manor of 
Bolbec, each of which was worth 6d. beyond reprises, loo acres of arable 
land worth id. an acre, 300 acres of waste land and moor, and 60 acres 
of wood which were worth nothing because there was no underwood.' 

The names of the Shotley contingent at the great muster in 1538 
seem to be returned under the head of Unthank. 

Unthank Muster Roll, 1538.- 

Georg Carr, Richard Teysdell, Robert Partus, John Taylyor, Necholes Taylor, Wilhiie Smythe, 
Christofer Swynbury, John Symson, Rolland Synison, Symond Parker, Georg Sheyll, Alexander Eleson, 
Robert Elrington ; able with hors and harnes. Lyell Armstrong, John Parker, Hewe Thomson, Clemet 
Mawen, John Elryngton ; able with hors and harnes. John Pyg, Cristofer Elryngton, Richard Mak 
Robyn, Willm Carre, Willni .\gnuis, Archebald Agnus, Dave Agnus, Dave Armstrong, Alexander 
Teysdall, Robert Thomson, Lancelot Hord, Edward Carre, Andro Partus, Thomas Care ; able with 
hors and harnes. Willm Thomson, Willm Carre, John Car, John Baynbryk, John Cudbart, Willm Car, 
Matho Teysdell, Thomas Leydell, Heu Raw, Lyell Hord; able with hors and harnes. John Teysdell, 
Antone Dood, Antro Car, George Armstrang, Robert Lyddell, John Dynnyng, Willm Dynnyng, Christofer 
Dennyng ; naither hors nor harnes. 

Berkynsvd Muster Roll, 1538." 

Thomas Redshaw, Cuthbert Pacs, John Brown, Cudbart Hoppar, Matho Kyrkcows, Nicholles 
Lawborn, John Andro, Nicholes Hopper, Christofer Redshawe, Antonne Buk, NechoUes Andro; able 
with hors and harnes. Georg Cumyng, Edwerd Ward, Robert Buk, Willm Walker, Cudbart Walker, 
John Walker, Thomas Elryngton, Willm Hall, NechoUes Parker ; naither hors nor harnes. 

When the manor of Bolbec was surveyed after the attainder of the 
earl of Westmorland and the consequent confiscation of his estates, it was 
found that there were in Shotley both free and leasehold tenants. Others 
were described as tenants at the will of the queen, who apparently occupied 
lands belonging to the dissolved religious house of Blanchland. 

Free Ten.\nts in Shotley, 1570. 

Tenant. Holding. Tenure. Yearly rent. 

John .Swynburne ... A moiety of a tenement called By charter and free socage, suit 

' Blackeyad land ' of court and payment of relief 5s. od. 

Percival Hopper ... The other moiety of the said 

tenement ... ... ... „ „ „ 5s. od. 

Cuthbert Redshawe ... A tenement called ' Snoldes ' .. By military service and by ser- Suit of court 

vice of ( . . . ) part of one only, 

knight's fee 
Edward Lawson ... Certain lands with meadows, By charier in free socage and 

etc. suit of court ... ... ... 3s. 4d. 

' Inq. p.m. of Ralf Nevill, earl of Westmorland, 4 Hen. VI. No. 37. 
^ Arch. Acl. 4to series, vol. iv. p. 179. ^ Ibid. 

Vol. VI. 36 



Free Tenants in .Shoti.i.y, 1570 {continued). 

HoMing Ttnurc. 

A tL-neiuent called ' I'aneshilles' By charter and free socage, suit 

of court and relief ... 
Robert Mydleton, esq. Uixcrs lands and tenements in 
Shotley called the ' Whole 

Rowe ' and ' Crokedgate ' ... „ „ „ 

Lands called ' Waskall ' and 
The ' Haughowse' ... ... „ „ „ 

Lands, etc., called the ' Conion „ „ „ 

Clinke ' 

Sum, 53s. lod. 

George Comyn 

John Hall 

Stephen Richardson 

Yearly rent 
3s. od. 

36s. od. 

Suit of court 

Tenant. ^ 

Thomas Redshawe 
Thomas Redshawe, jun. 
Agnes and James Hoppe 
Humphrey Hopper 
Nicholas Laborne 
Dennis Hopper ... 

John Andrewe ... 
Elizabeth Buck ... 
Nicholas Hopper 

Izabell Walker 

John Walker 
Cuthbert Redshawe 

Yearly rent, 
s. d. 

Tenants holding by Lease in Shotley, 1570. 

No. of 

essuage. Name of Tenement or Messuage. Date of Lease. 

I Brekensyde 21 years from Sth Aug., 1566 14 4 

' — ...... 14 4 

I (By assignment of Thomas Hopper) „ „ „ 12 4 

I Hydesbriges and Durham fields ... 41 years from 1 2lh Apr., 1566 15 S 

I — 21 years from 8lh Aug., 1566 7 4 
I (and water corn mill, with suit, soc, 

water course, etc.) 21 years from I 5th Sept., 1 566 13 .4 

I (By assignment of Thomas Nevill) 21 years from 30th Sept., 1565 37 o 

> — 21 years from 20th Aug. ,1566 8 7 

' — .... 1. 8 7 

' — ...... 8 7 

' -- .. .. ., S 7 

I Cowehole 21 years from 8th .Aug., 1566 3 o 

Sum, £7 IIS. 8d. 

Edward Lawson 
John Robynson 
Robert Ward 
Lewis Comyn 
Rowland Dodes 
Edward Comyn 
Anthony Snoweball 

Tenants at the Will of the Queen in Shotley, 1570. 


I piece of land, parcel of ' Laies Loung ' 
I cottage with a croft ' de novo increniento ' 
I messuage with lands, meadows, etc. 

riy rent. 












I tenement „ „ 

tenant of the queen as in right of her former monasteiy at Blancheland, 
pays by ancient custom for common of pasture in the common fields 
of Bulbeck and Bywell ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ^ 2 

Sum, 76s. 4d. 

The freehold lands at Black Hedley held bv John Swinburne of 
Chopwell, whose name heads the list of free tenants in 1570, were acquired 
before 1608 by John Andrew, or Andrews, a member of a family whose 
name is associated with Shotley down to the beginning of the nineteenth 



John Andrew ... 

Nicholas Hopper 
Gawine Redshawe 
John Wilkinson 
Thomas Maire 
Thomas Midleton 

John Hall 

Cuthbert Richardson . 

Free Ten.\nt.s in Shoti.ey, 1608. 


The moiety of a tenement called Blackeyd- 

The other moiety of the said tenement ... 

A tenement called the Snoldes 

Certain lands 

A tenement called Paneshills 

Certain lands in Shotley called the ' Whole 

Rawe' and the ' Crooked Gaite' ... „ 

Certain lands called ' Waskell ' and the 

Loughouse ... ... ... ... » 

Certain lands called the Common Crike ... Socage 

Sum of free rents in Shottley greaveship, 54s. id. 


early rent. 


s. d. 


service and suit 





M )1 




3 4 


Tenants holding by Lease in Shotley, 1608. 


Tenement or 

Thomas Redshaw 

the elder 
Nicholas Andrew... 

John Hopper 
Cuthbert Hopper... 

Robert Redshaw... 

Dionise Hopper .. 
Andrew Bucke .. 
Humfrey Hopper 
Rowland Walker.. 
Humfry Walker .. 
Gawin Redshaw 

John Wilkinson 
Cuthbert Richardson . 
Robert Andrew 


By Letters Patent to him and Thos. 
Marley, dated 9th Aug., 1606 ... 

By Letters Patent to Tho. Red- 
shaw and Thos. IVIarley, dated 
9th Aug., 1607 

By Letters Patent to Nic. Andrew 
and Thos. Redshaw 



f court 



s. d. 

beyond rent. 
£ 5. d. 

By Letters Patent to Nic. Andrew 
and Thos. Marley, dated gth 
Aug., 1606 

By Letters Patent to Nic. Andrew 
and Tho. Redshaw 

I In Breckenside 

I In Breckenside, late in 

the tenure of John 

Andrew his father 
I Called Hidsebrigge and 

I In Breckenside, late in 

the tenure of Agnes 

and James Hopper 
I Late in tenure of Nic. 

Laborne, called Dur- 

I (with water corn mill)... 

I Late in the tenure of 

Elizabeth Buck ... „ „ „ 

I Late in the tenure of 

Nicholas Hopper ... „ „ „ 

1 Late in the tenure of 

Isabell Walker ... „ „ „ 

I Late in the tenure of 

John Walker ... „ „ „ 

I Called the Cowhole ... „ „ ,, 

Sum of Leasehold rents in Shotley, ^8 12s. 2d. 

Tenants at the will of the lord in Shotley, 1608. 

... A parcel of pasture ground late in the tenure of Edw. Lawson 

A tenement late in the tenure of John Robinson 

A tenement late in the tenure of Robert Warde by mean con- 
veyance out of Letters Patent to Nic. Andrews and Thos. 

iS 4 3 13 4 

47 6 

T5 10 

9 4 

13 4 

I I o 


3 6 8 

1 1 






s. d. 

alue beyond 
s. d. 









Tenants at the will of thk lord in Shotlkv, 1608 {iontiuucd). 


Anthonie Commin 

Thomas Woodmosse . 

Thomas Maioi- 
Anthony .Snowball 


A tenement called ISroomhill, etc., late in the tenure of 
Edward Commin 

A tenement called Whinhouse, etc., late in the tenure of 
Lewes Commin... 

Certain lands called ' Sclbyc's Close' and ' High Intacke' 

Certain common of pasture by ancient custom ... 

Value beyond 
Kenl. rent, 
d. s. d. 


33 10 

14 2 
3 2 

26 8 

16 8 


The lands in Shotlev forfeited in 1569 by the attainder of the earl 
of Westmorland remained in the hands of the Crown until 1628, when the 
barony of Bolbec was granted bv Charles I. to Edward Ditchfield and 
others in part payment for large sums of money owing by the Crown 
to the citizens of London. By direction of the City of London Court of 
Committee, Ditchfield, in 1630, conveyed the barony and lands to John 
Heath and Roger Fenwicke, whose policy seems to have been to 
encourage the leasehold and customary tenants to enfranchise their 
holdings. This change must have proceeded rapidly, for, in addition 
to the eight freehold tenants whose naines appear on the list of 1608, 
there were in 1663 very many others. It is doubtful whether the list of 
proprietors given in the Book of Rates of 1663 is quite correct, but it 
is given as it stands. 

Proprietors in Shotlev Parochi.^l Ch.^pelrv, 1663.' 





Brunt Sheelhaugh 

Crook[ed]-oak ... 


Edesbridg or Edgebridge 

Emley ... 

Ginglehaugh, Gumillshaugh, or 

Haugh-cleugh ... 
Holrow ... 


John Usher of Allenford 
John Hunter 
Robert Wanlesse 
George Baker, esq. 

Thomas Swinburn, esq. ... 

Humphrey Hopper 

William Story ... 

Earl of Northumberland 

William Middleton of Belsey, esq., or Thomas Rich[ar]dson 

Robert Readshaw 

John Iley and Robert Tayler ... 

Thomas Swinbourne of Barmsto[n], esq. 


£ s. d. 

10 o 

14 10 

5 o 


Thomas Swinbourne of Barmston, esq. 

Mr. Thomas Mills 

William Middleton, esq. 

John Wilkinson ... 

Thomas Woodmas of the same 

4 o 

3 o 

(sic) 80- o 

8 o 

24 o 

' Including portions of .Shotlev High or West Quarter township, Newbiggen township, .and Shotley 
Low or East Quarter township. Cf. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 292. 
" This sum is probably a mistake for ^8. 


Proprietors in Shotley Parochial Chapeluy, 1663 {continued). ^^^^^^ 

Holding. Tenant. £ ^- J- 

Shotley-bridg Mr. Ralph Maddison 32 o o 

Shotley-fiekl Lady Forster of Blanchland, tyth 30 o o 

Alexander Hopper 3 o o 

" ' Cuthbert Buck 900 

(.Shotley Low Quarter ?) ... Anthony Walker 900 

... Thomas Hopper 

J, ... Andrew Jopling 

.. Humphrey Hopper ... ~ 

Snode's ... " Cuthbert Readshaw 20 o o 

Unthank John Elrington, esq., for Crookley, Esper-sheels, Mill-sheels, 

and Unthank '37 o o 

Warscally or Waskerley ... Mr. Thomas Mills 29 o o 

Whinney-house Woodmas 900 

Shotley Subsidy or Hearth Tax Roll, 1665.' 
John Stainebanke, Cuthbertt Maugham, Robertt Wanlisse, Mary Hunter, Humphrey Hopper, Mary 
Reedshaw lames Pottes, Robert Reedshaw, Thomas Richardson, Elizabeth Reedshaw, Robertt Taylor, 
[ohn Hopper Thomas Marshall, Janres Marshall, Hugh Wilson, Cuthbert Usher, Andrew Raw, Anthony 
Richardson William P.urrell, Widdow Andrew, John Wilkinson, Raiph Maddeson, Thomas Woodmas, 
Thomas Selbig- Cuthbertt Puck, Michaell Warde, Alexander Hopper, Cuthbert Warde, John Hunter, 
each one chimney. Thomas Mills, two chimneys. John Usher, Edward Wilson, Barbary Reedshaw, 
Obediah Parker, Cuthbert Backward, ' not payable.' 

It is not known how the lands at Shotley Bridge, which in 1663 
belonged to Mr. Ralph Maddison, passed into the hands of the family of 
Andrews of Field-head. Stories still linger in the district of Mad Maddison,' 
who is stated to have been executed at Durham for nmrder in 1694.' His 
house stood near the confluence of the Shotley-burn with the Derwent, 
where the offices of the house called Derwent-dene now stand.' 

The family of Andrews, as already stated, had long been connected with 
the chapelry of Shotley. John Andrews was a leasehold tenant in 1570, and 
was succeeded by his'son Nicholas, whose name appears in the survey of 
1 608. Their descendants continued to hold Field-head, Waskerley, and other 
lands until the year 1800, when the estate was sold by the daughters and co- 
heiresses of John Andrews to Arthur Mowbray of the South Bailey, Durham.'' 

• P.R.O. Subsidy Roll, Jgf,. , • , • , r 

^ The family of Maddison was settled at Hole-house, a place on the Derwent, but m the parish of 
Lanchester Towards the end of the eighteenth century it produced two members who rose to 
eminencfin the Diplomatic Service, and whose sister and heiress earned Hole-house by marriage to 
Mr. Thomas Greenwell of Broomshiekls. Cf. Surtees Duylunn, vol. n. pp. 347-j4b. 

3 Cf. Ryan, Histoiy of Shotley Sp,i, pp. 40-43. (>7- ' ^''"'- . 

= To be sold by auction the freehold estate of Shotley and Waskerley, consisting of a nmnsion house 
severa farm houses, and 800 acres of land, lately belonging to John Andrews, esq,, deceased.- a 
largrplanTation of Valuable timber thereon which, having been taken great care of, .s m a good and 
thriving condition.' Newcastle papers, April, 1800. 



John .Andrew, a leasehold tenant at Shotley in 1570 (<r). == 

John Andrew, in Nicholas Andrew, in 1608 in possession of lands formerly held 
160S, held a hy his father, and also a moiety of Black lledley (/); of Shotley 

moiety of Black Bridge, 'the elder,' when he made his will, 23rd June, 1615 ' to he 

Iledley (/). buried at Shotley' ; will proved at Durham 21st July, 1615 (</). 

Margaret . . . . ; will dated 
23rd January, 1637/8 for 
1638 ((/) ; to be buried 
in Shotley church. 

Nicholas Andrew, to whom his father gave the reversion of his 
tenement at Shotley (</) ; in 1632 purchased lands at Shotley 
from Mr. John Heath (c) ; named in his mother's will («'). 

Isabel, married Robert Dodds, living 1615 and 1638 (</). 
Janet, married . . . Wilkinson, living 1615 and 1638 (</). 
Margaret, married William Johnson, living 1638 (r/). 

John Andrew of Field-head, Shotley; will dated l6th 
July, 1702 ; proved same year(n'); he desires that 
he may be buried in Shotley cliurch. and mentions 
his lands at Shotley Bridge. Waskerley, and 
Ilaughcleugh (</) ; died s.p. 

Anne [ ? Johnson], executrix of her hus- 
band's will ; was living, a widow, at Eb- 
chester-hill 24th July, 1705, when she 
released her dower to John Andrew out 
of Waskerley and Haughcleugh (c). 


■ Andrews = 

John Andrews of Field-head, Shotley, and of = Anne, daughter of John Richardson of Framwellgate, 

Crossgate, Durham, nephew and heir of John 
Andrews, who died 1702; died 3rd Dec, 1729, 
aged 50 ; buried at St. Margaret's, Durham 
((7") ; had issue three sons and three daughters 
(f) ; administration of his personal estate, 
20th Oct. 1733, committed to his widow (c). 

and of Cater-house, Durham, articles before marriage 
3rd October, 1704 (c) ; married at Witton Gilbert, 
I2th October, 1704 ; died 12th .May, 1756, aged 75 ; 
buried at St. Margaret's, Durham («) ; will dated 
3rd February, 1747 {/). 

Anne, to whom 
her uncle gave 
a legacy of 
/200 ■(,/). 

II. I 

John, baptised John Andrews of Shotley-hall and of Hallgarth, 

nth .August, Durham, baptised loth January, 1713 (a); 

1709 ; died became a military surgeon, and as such was 

in infancy present at the battle of Dettingen, in 1743 

(«). (/5) ; was also physician to the Duke 

Francis, bap- of Cumberland (Ji) ; polled at the election 

tised October of knights of the shire in 1774; died 

26th, 1712 ; 30th November, 1792 (a) : will dated 2nd 

buried 14th April, 1792 ; proved 24th December of same 

May,i7i3(a). year (c). 

Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Bright of Dur- 
ham (a); mar. settle- 
ment loth July, 1770 ; 
mar. at Bow church, 
Durham, I2th July, 
1770 (^) ; was an 
executrix to her hus- 
band's will (c) (said 
to be second wife) (^g). 

I I I 

Margery, baptised 12th Feb- 
ruary, 1705 (n) ; died un- 
married ; buried August 
19th, 17S0 (fl); will dated 
nth .March. 1778 (<:)■ 

Elizabeth, baptised 2nd March, 
1707 (n) ; died unmarried ; 
buried i6th February, 1778 
(17); will dated 30th October, 
1769 (<:). 

Catherine, baptised 1st May, 
1716 (a) ; died unmarried 
6th April. 1783 (a); will 
dated 1st October, 17S2 (c). 

Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress, born 22nd July, 1771 (^g) ; married, 23rd March, 1793 

(,f), William Nesfield, rector of Branspeth, and perpetual cur.ate of Chester-le-Street ; 

died 2nd March, 1808, aged 36 ; buried at St. Oswald's, Durham. ^ 
Anne, daughter and co-heiress, born 4th May, 1773 (,^) ; married 31st July, iSoo, Charles Ingoldsby Paulett, 13th Marquess 

of Winchester. ^ 
Sarah, daughter and co-heiress, horn 2nd April, I774(.?); married James Erskine of the 48th regiment, a colonel in the army. ^ 
Frances, daughter and co-heiress, born 27th September, 1775 (^), living in 1828, unmarried. 
Catherine, daughter and co-heiress, married John Kingston. Margaret, born 3rd Feb., 1781 (_?) ; died in infancy. 

(fl) Surtees Durham, vol. iv. p. I45. 
{h) Ex inf. Miss Sarah Erskine of 
Weymouth, 4th May, 1900. 

(0 Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. 

(f/) Durham Probate Registry. 

(<f) Hall and Humberston's Survey, 

(/) Haggat and Ward's Survey. 

(_g) Shai-p MSS. Pedigrees, vol. ii. p. 96. 

Mr. Arthur Mowbray was a member of the firm of Mowbray, 
Hollingsworth & Co., bankers, which fell into difficulties and failed in 1815;' 
whereupon the Shotley-hall estate was sold under an order of the Court of 
Chancery, and was purchased in iSiS by Mr. Thomas Walker, then residing 

Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. 



at Berryhill, in the parish of Mansfield, Notts.' Mr. Thomas Walker, by 
will dated April 13th, 1827, gave his real estate to his three nephews, 
Samuel, Henry, and Joshua Walker, who in 1830 sold the Shotley-hall 
estate to Mr. John Wilson of Nent-hall, Cumberland. - 


Joseph Wilson rented the farm of Kilhope-buni from Sir William Blackett, and afterwards = 
that of Carr-shield in Altendale (a). I 

Jacob Wilson, suc- 
ceeded his father as 
tenant of Kilhope- 
burn (a). 

John Wilson of Carr-shield 
in Allendale a moiety 
of which he purchased 

Sarah, daughter of . . . Walton 
of Smallburns in West 
.Allendale, born 14th July, 
1729 («) ; died . . . 1S15 (a). 

Thomas Wilson 
purchased a 
moiety of Carr- 
shield (rt). 

I I I I 
Joseph («). 
John (a). 
Ralph (,!). 
William (rt). 

John, John Wilson of Nent-hall, born at Carr-shield 

died in 1st October, 1761 («) ; married at Allendale 

infancy 2Sth October, 1790 («) ; purchased Shotley- 

(«). hall in 1830, and died there I2th August, 

1838 ; buried at Carr-shield (a). 

Mary, daughter of Joseph Uow- 
nas of Allenheads, born 13th 
March, 1759 («) ; died at 
Cullercoats 27th Sept., 1842 ; 
buried .at Carr-shield (a). 

Joseph Wil- 
son, died 
aged 32 (a). 

Henry Jacob Wilson of Alston, born loth 

Wilson July, 1770(a); voted for Riding- 

(a). mill in 1832 ; died at Alston 

4, (a). 3rd July, 1858 (a). 

Elizabeth, daughter of .... 
Vipond of Grassfield, mar. 
at .\lston 17th July,iSoo(«); 
died 25th Dec, 1857 (a). 

I i 
Mary, mar. John Brown of 

Black-dean in Weardale (a). 
Elizabeth, died unmarried at 

Munton, near Appleby (a). 

Joseph Wilson of Wood- 
horn, born 6th June, 
I So I (a) ; voted for 
Riding-mill in 1832 ; 
died at Woodhurn 29th 
.May, 1876 (a). 

:.\nn, dau. of Joseph 
Bowstead of Beck 
Bank, Cumber land, 
born 23rd Feb., 
1808 (a) ; died at 
Woodhorn Istjuly, 
1873 (a). 

John Wilson of 
born iSth July, 
1807 ;dieil 2 1st 
Nov., 1842 (a). 

born 1S09 
(a) ; died 

Thomas Wilson, some- = Margaret, dau. 
lime alderman of ofjoseph Bow- 
Newcastle, afterwards stead of Beck 
of Riding-mill ; born Bank (a); died 
4th Dec, 1813 (a), 14th April, 
at Grassfield ; died 1897. 
l6th August, 1899. 

Sir Jacob Wilson, knight, of 
Riding-mill, born i6th 
November, 1836 (a) ; 
knighted 1889. 

= Margaret, daughter 
I of Tliomas tiedley 
■^ of Newcastle; mar. 

Joseph Bow- 
stead Wilson 

Elizabeth Ann, mar. 8th Jan., 1874, Lord Arthur 
Cecil, 5th son of the 2nd Marquis of Salis- 

Sarah Frances. 

Henry Vipond Wilson, born 23rd October, 
1S17 (a) ; admitted free of Merchant 
Adventurers' Company, 31st Mar., 1S42. 

I I I 
Hannah, born 25th June, 1803, died 23rd May, 1822 (a). 
Elizabeth, born 27th .August, 1805 (a), married Thos. Fair of Frcnchfield (a). 
Sarah, born 2Ist July, 1811 (a) ; died F'eb., 1896; bur. at Riding-mill. 

John, born at Nent- 
hall loth August, 

1791 (a), and died 
there 9th Jan., 

1 792 (a). 

John Bownas, born 
at Nent-hall 27th 
Oct., 1792 (a), and 
died there 19th 
October, 1793 (a). 

Joseph, born at Nent- 
hall 24th Jan., 1799 
(a), and died there 
I2th F'ebruary, 1799 

Henry, born at Whitley- 
shield 14th Feb., 1802(a); 
died 8th .April, 1803 (a) ; 
buried at West Allendale 
low chapel (a). 

William Wilson, born at 
Whitley-shield 9th Aug., 
1S04 (a) ; died at Nent- 
hall 2Sth Aug., 1S41 (a); 
bur. at Carr-shield (a). 

' For sale the Shotley-hall estate and the manor of Waskerley and Hatighcleugh, the farms of 
Shotley-hall, Upper and Lower Waskerley, Laings Loning, Snods, Panshields, Hill-top and Shotley-field, 
comprising over 2,000 acres, late the estate of Arthur Mowbray, esq. Newcastle Courant, July nth, 1818. 

- Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. For a pedigree of Walker, see Hunter, Familiae Miiwriim 
Gentium, vol. ii. p. 742, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 38. 



Thomas Wilson of Shotley- = 


Ann, born at 

Grace, daughter of = 

George Wilson, = 

Emily, dau. 

li;ill, burn ;it Xent-hall 


Nent-hall 23rd 

Rev. Rowland How- 

born at Wbit- 

of Joseph 

l6th Feb , 1800 (/;) ; 

of ' Sir 

November, 1796 

stead, reclorof Little- 

ley-shield 14th 

Paul of 

mar. at Nun Monktun 


((/) ; married at 

dale and Ulcehy, 

Feb.. 1802 ((/); 

Alston («) ; 

April 30ih, 1S6S (a) ; 


Alston 15th Oct., 

Lincolnshire ; died 

died at Nent- 

2nd wife. 

died 22nd April, I.SSo; 

bart; died 

1823 (rt), to 

at Penrith 13th 

hall 1st Jan., 

bur. at St. John's church, 

4lh Mar., 

Isaac Crawhall 

June, 1859 (rt) ; Isl 

1880 ; bur. at 



of Allenheads 



.Maria, born at Nent-hall 1 Ith October, 1792 (a) ; married gth July, 1821, Thomas Walton («) ; died 23rd November, 182S 
(a) ; buried at St. George's church, Camlierwell. Her eldest son, John Wilson Walton, assumed the additional name and 
arms of Wilson on succeeding to Shotley-liall, in 18S0, on the death of his uncle Thomas Wilson. 

(«) Mr. J. W, Walton-Wilson's Famih Papers. 

The house built by John Andrews, near the site of the older house of 
the Maddisons, was occupied by Mr. John Wilson and his son, Mr. Thomas 
Wilson, until the year 1863, when a new house was built to which the name 
of Shotley-hall was transferred, the name of Derwent-dene being given to 
the old house. Both houses are surrounded by plantations of well-grown 
forest trees. Mr. Thomas Wilson, dying in 1880, was succeeded by his 
nephew, Mr. J. W. Walton, the present owner, who by his uncle's will was 
required to assume the name and arms of Wilson in addition to his own.' 

In 1663 Waskerley belonged to Mr. Thomas Mills, who was rated for 
his lands there at £2^ per annum, but on February i6th, 1684, John 
Hall of Seaton Panns, in the county of Northumberland, conveyed the 
capital messuage of Waskerley and the farmholds of Haughhouse and 
Haughcleugh to William Johnson of Kibblesworth in consideration of the 
sum of ;^9io.- Fourteen years later William Johnson, for the sum of 
^"1,200, sold Waskerley, Haughhead, and Haughcleugh to John Andrew of 
Fieldhead, giving him a warranty against any claim which might be made by 
Michael Hall, late of the city of Durham.' John Andrews was succeeded 
by his nephew of the same name, who, by a settlement made in 1704 on his 
marriage with Anne Richardson, limited Waskerley to the younger children 
of the marriage, and it consequently devolved upon his three daughters. 
These ladies, on the enclosure of Bolbec common, received an allotment 
of 102 acres in lieu of the right of common of pasture appurtenant to High 
and Low Waskerley. The last surviving sister, Miss Catherine Andrews, by 

'The following arms were granted September loth, i8So, to Mr. J. W, Walton, Argent 3 ptilkts 
each charged wttji an ermine sf>ot of tite first on a chief gnles as many pallets ermine (Walton). And on 
September 20th, 1880, Qnarterly first and fourth a wolf salient argent holding in the mouth an arrow a 
bend sinister proper zt'ithin an orle of 10 mullets of six points (Wilson). 

- Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. ' Ibid. 


her will dated October ist, 1782, gave Waskerley to her brother John Andrews 
of Durham, by whose daughters and co-heiresses it was sold in 1800 to Mr. 
Arthur Mowbray of Durham. Since that time it has belonged to the same 
owner as Shotley-hall, and is now the property of Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson. 

The lands at the Snods, held by the Redshaw family in 1570 and 1608, 
were granted May i8th, 1638, by George Baker of Newcastle and John 
Heath of Durham, to Cuthbert Redshaw of the Snods in fee simple ; ' in 
1663 he was rated for the same at ^20 per annum. Four years later, by a 
deed dated February 12th, 1666/7, Cuthbert and John Redshaw conveyed 
two third parts of the Snods to John Johnson of Ebchester-hill.' The 
Redshaws afterwards parted with the remainder of the estate, which 
was divided by the award, dated February 23rd, 1704/5, of John Hunter 
of Medomsley, who had been chosen to eftect a division,' between the said 
John Johnson and John Wilkinson of Laings-loning. North Snods fell 
to Johnson.' In 1728 John Johnson of Laings-loning mortgaged his lands 
at the Snods to Robert Johnson of Ebchester-hill.'' At the election of 
knights of the shire in 1748 John Johnson voted for the same." Eleven 
years later, by deed dated February 27th, 1759, John Johnson and Margaret, 
his wife, sold their lands at Laings-loning to Cuthbert Smith, an alderman 
of Newcastle, and the Snods to John Hunter of Medomsley,' who at 
the enclosure of Bolbec common received allotments comprising 89 acres 
in lieu of common of pasture appertaining to North Snods. Since 18 18 it 
has formed part of the Shotley-hall estate. 

The South Snods, which by the award of 1705 fell to John Wilkinson, 
was in the possession of Matthew Richardson of Newburn in 1746,'' who 
voted for the same at the election of the knights of the shire in 1748." 
On the enclosure of Bolbec common an allotment of 96 acres was made to 
George Richardson and Thomas Whitfield in lieu of right of common of 
pasture appurtenant to South Snods. Several mortgages raised on the 
property ultimately vested in Anne, only child and heiress of Thomas 
Whitfield of Clargill, who in 1777 became the wife of Thomas Graham of 
Carlisle, M.D.'" Having acquired the equity of redemption, Mrs. Graham, 
by her will dated April 4th, 1796, gave the South Snods and other real 

' Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. = Ibiil. " Ibid. 

' John Johnson voted at the election of 1710 and 1722 for lands at the Snods. Poll Books. 

'^ Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. ' Poll Books. ' Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. " Ibul. 

» Pull Books. '° Mr. J. W. Walton- Wilson's deeds. 

Vol. VI. 



estates to licr kinsman George Mowbray, afterwards of Mortimer, Berks, 
with remainder to his second son.' Mr. George Movvbrav died in 
1799, and was succeeded in the South Snods by his second son, Thomas 
Mowbray of Yapton-house, Sussex. The latter is described as a lieutenant 
in the Royal Navy in the deed by which he conveved, in 1822, South Snods 
to Mr. Thomas Walker. It has since formed part of the Shotlev-hall estate 
and now belongs to Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson. A small farm called 
Orchard-field, partlv enclosed by the Snods, has recently been purchased 
from Sir Arthur Middleton, bart., by Mr. Walton-Wilson. 

A small freehold estate called Burn-mill in 1688 belonged to Thomas 
Hopper of Muggleswick, and was in that year given to his younger son John 
Hopper. The latter dying without issue, the Burn-mill was sold in 1721 by 
his nephew and heir, Thomas Hopper (son of Thomas Hopper of Muggles- 
wick, elder brother of the above-named John Hopper), to John Andrews of 
the city of Durham." It has since remained part of the Shotlev-hall estate. 

The small village or hamlet of Shotley-field stands pleasantly on the 
north side of the Shotley-burn, and is situated about the centre of the 
township. It is protected by clumps and rows of well-grown forest trees, 
and upon the banks of the stream there is a picturesque and ancient corn 
mill. In 1633 freehold messuages and lands at Shotley-field and BoUisher 
were conveyed by George Baker of Newcastle and John Heath to Thomas 
Hopper of Black Hedley, whose son and heir of the same name in 1690 
conveyed his lands to Anthony Buck of Crook.' After passing through 
the families of Harrison of Friarside, Fewster of Ebchester, Newton of 
Burnhope, Swalwell of Great Whittington, Dobson of Harlow-hill, and 
Brown of Whickham, vShotley-field was purchased in 1817 by Edward Hall 
Campbell of Newcastle.^ Another farm at Shotley-field with the mill 
belonged to John Hopper in 1765, and continued in the possession of his 
descendants until 181 A, when it was sold by his grandson, John Hopper, 
to Edward Hall Campbell.'' In 182 1 Mr. E. H. Campbell and his 
mortgagees sold it to Mr. Thomas Walker of Shotley-hall.'^ Other lands at 

' Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. = Ibid. » Ibid. ' Ibid. ■■ Ibid. 

" In 1663 Alexander Hopper and Cuthbert Buck were rated for lands in Shotley-field. In 1 710 
John Fewster, in 1715 John Hopper, in 1734 Thomas Hopper, and in 1748 Francis Haswell of Edge 
Knowles and William Newton of ISurnhopcfield voted at the election of knights of the shire for 
freehold lands here. In 1774 Francis Haswell of Horsley, co. Durham, Robt. Surtees of Hole-house, 
John and Joseph Hopper of Shotley-field voted on a similar qualification, as did Thomas Hopper of 
Dunstan Bank in 1S26. Poll Books. 


Shotley-field which belonged to junior members of the Hopper family have 
mostly been absorbed in the Shotley-hall estate. 

The tenement of Bollisher passed through the same hands, but was 
retained bv Mr. and Mrs. John Brown of Whickham until 1823, when it 
was sold to Mr. Thomas Walker. Other freehold tenements at Bollisher 
and Aireyholm in 1738 were brought into settlement upon the marriage 
of Francis Haswell of Rvton, second son of William Haswell of 
Sherburn-green, deceased, with Eleanor Emmerson of Horsley, in the 
parish of Stanhope. They were sold by their representatives in 1779 to 
John Hopper of Shotley-field, whose nephew Thomas Hopper, in 18 10, 
conveyed them to Anthonv Richardson of Old Ridley, by whom they were 
sold, in 1824, to Mr. Thomas Walker of Shotley-hall. All these parcels, 
purchased by Mr. Thomas Walker, now form part of the Shotley-hall 
estate of Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson. 

The history of Panshields, or Painshiels, is confused and somewhat 
obscure. Under the name of Paneshilles it was held by George Comyn in 
1570 in socage, doing suit of court and paying relief. In 1608 it is stated 
to be held by Thomas Maire, but on May 26th, 1657, Edward Comyn 
of the Broomhill was enfeoffed of Pansheeles bv Mr. Geora^e Baker.' In 
the same year, on January 20th, 1657/8, Robert Loraine and his wife 
granted Pansheeles and other lands in Shotley to Mark Milbank for a term 
of 21 years." In 1663, Thomas Woodmas was assessed for Pyne-sheel, 
but three years later, on March 9th, 1665/6, Robert Loraine of Walker, 
gent., released lands at Panshields to Christopher Mickleton of the city of 
Durham.' Some of these transactions were probably dealings with the 
estate by way of mortgage, for on May 14th, 1680, Andrew Cumyn, who was 
at that time living in the Castle-garth at Newcastle, conveyed Panshields 
to Thomas Hunter of Medomsley,^ to whom he had already transferred 
other lands in the chapelry of Shotley.^ Thomas Hunter made his will 
on December 21st, 1685, and after yielding his ' soule unto ye mercifull 
amies of my Saviour Jesus Christ ' desired that his body should be buried 
in the chancel of Medomsley chapel. He gave his lands at Medomsley 
to his son John, his mill and lands at Lintz Green to his son Christopher, 
and his lands at Painsheilds in the parish of Shotley to his son Thomas.'^ 
In 1692 Thomas Hunter obtained Panshields-green from Mr. George Baker.'' 

' Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. " Und. Ubhl. 'Ibid. 'Ibid. 'Ibid. 'Ibid. 


It afterwards passed throuj^h the hands of the families of Hall, 
Stephenson, and Wharton of Skelton castle, but was always deeply 
mortgaged. It was the property of John Hall Stephenson in 1 771, when 
he and the mortgagee William Farqnharson obtained an allotment on 
Bolbec common, and was acqnired bv Arthnr Mowbray in 1803. Since 
that time it has formed part of the Shotley-hall estate, and is now the 
property of Mr. J. W. Walton- Wilson. 

The holding called Laings-loning, which in 1570 was held by Edward 
Lawsou, was rated to John Wilkinson in 1663 at ;^8 per annnm.' John 
Wilkinson of Laings-loning was a trnstee of the marriage settlement of 
John Andrews of Field-head in 1704,- and voted at the elections of knights 
of the shire in 17 15 and 1721.^ Soon afterwards it was acqnired either 
by Thomas Hopper of Dnrham-field and Snmmer-field, or bv his son 
Cuthbert Hopper.^ The latter received an allotment of 64 acres when 
Bolbec common was enclosed in lien of common of pasture appurtenant 
to Laings-loning, and by his will dated July 20th, 1758, he gave his lands, 
charged with certain payments, to John Hunter of Medomsley.'' The 
devise was disputed by Thomas Haswell of Framwellgate, Durham, the heir- 
at-law, who brought an action to recover possession at the Northumberland 
Assizes of 1781. He obtained a verdict, but, on the pavment of a sum of 
money by Hunter, compromised his claim.'" In 1802 Laings-loning was sold 
by John Hunter, then residing at the Hermitage near Hexham, to Arthur 
Mowbray/ and it has since remained a part of the Shotley-hall estate. 

Unthank, during the seventeenth centurv, belonged to the familv of 
Elrington of Espershields, and on the death of William Elrington, the last 
male heir of that ancient family, devolved upon his two sisters and 
co-heiresses Elizabeth, wife of Christopher Hunter, and Isabella, wife of 
Gabriel Reed of Troughend. Christopher Hunter, a scion of one of 
the two families of Hunter of Medomsley, a distinguished and eminent 
antiquary, and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, resided chiefly at 
Durham, but made Unthank an occasional residence, and died there on 
the 1 2th of July, 1757." A sketch of his life and labours by Mr. Surtees 

> Book of Rates, Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 292. - Mr. J. W. Walton- Wilson's deeds. 

' Poll Books. ■■ Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. = Ibid. ' Ibid. ■ Ibid. 

" 1757, May 13th. 'Dr. Hunter, his wife and son left Durham and went to li\e at Uutliank, an 
estate Ijelonging to Mrs. Hunter;' Gyll's Duiry. 

'757i July i2th. 'Died at Unthank my uncle Dr. Chr. Hunter, in ye 82^1 year of his age, in the 
night between the 12 & 13 ; and was buried on the isth in Shotley church, com. Northuinb. He left 
Eliz., his widow, and Thomas, his only surviving child, and a grand-daughter, the only child of his son 
John, deceased ; ' ibid. 


may be found in the second volume of the History of Durham,' and a 
portion of his MS. collections are deposited in the cathedral library at 
Durham. Mrs. Hunter's moiety of Unthank was sold by her son Thomas 
Hunter- to Mr. George Baker of Elemore, and by him was sold in 1773 
to William Rudd of Durham in trust for Mr. George Silvertop,' who 
had previously, apparently about the year 1750/ purchased Mrs. Reed's 
moiety of the estate from her son, Elrington Reed. An allotment of 164 
acres was made to George Baker and George Silvertop in 1771 on the 
enclosure of Bolbec common. Both moieties now form part of the 

Minsteracres estate. 

Near the farm-house is the old parsonage of the chapelry of Shotley, 
but the date and circumstances under which the house and the adjacent ten 
acres of glebe land were acquired for the benefice are unknown.^* 

The small hamlet of Birkenside is situated within the 800 feet contour 
line. The Redshaw family held lands there in 1570 and 1608, and Cuthbert 
Hopper was also a tenant in the latter year. The names of Mr. George 
Baker of Crook, John Hunter, and Robert Wanless, are entered as 
proprietors in the book of rates of 1663. Various names appear in the 
eighteenth centurv poll books as having voted for lands at Birkenside at 
elections of knights of the shire, viz., in 17 10, William Lawson ; in 17 15, 
Ralph Henderson; in 1722, Mr. George Baker and Anthony Smith of 
Iviston; in 1734, Robert Smith of Loosing-hill, Cuthbert Surtees of 
Shotley-field, and John Atkinson ; in 1748, John Atkinson, Cuthbert Surtees 
of Shotlev-field, and Robert Smith of Sunderland.'^ At the division of 
Bolbec common an allotment in lieu of the right of common of pasture 
belonging to Birkenside was made to xMr. George Baker of Crook, from 
whose'' family it was purchased by Mr. Silvertop ; it now forms part of 
the Minsteracres estate. The roadside inn or public house called the 
' Manor-house,' also belongs to Mr. Silvertop. 

' Surtees Duyluim, vol. ii. p. 2S7. 

= Thomas Hunter, the eldest son and only surviving child of Christopher Hunter, ^vas born 

Janua>r'77° Thomas Hunter d,ed at Unthank and was buried at Shotley .6th October, ,770. 

3 Bell Collection. ' See account of Espersh.elds. , , , , 

■'■ In 1832 the Rev. John Messenger of Unthank voted for a freehold house and glebe land at 

Unthank ; Poll Book. ' Poll Books. 



Tile aiKiciit \ill of Black Hedley is now represented by a sincjle house 
and homestead. Tlu' old mansion of the ianiily of Hopper of Black 
Hedley, reconstructed and added to about the year 1750 by Humphrey 
Hopper, and provided with outbuildings fantastically adorned with life size 
stone figures, is approached by avenues of well-grown forest trees. One 
of these avenues is entered from the high road at Greenhead by the ' port ' 
or gatehouse similar in style and decoration to the buildings contiguous 
to the house. 

The Pout. 

The hamlet of Black Hedley was one of the places which John de 
Middleton gave, January 25th, 1317, to his daughter Joan on her marriage 
with John de Felton.' It seems to have reverted to Sir John de Middleton 
and Christina, his wife, the latter of whom died on the loth of March, 

' Iiuj. ad qiuui ddinuuin, 12 EcUv. II. No. 121. 


142 1/2, seised of one husbandland, 40 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, 
and 10 acres of wood in Black Hedley, held by socage of Ralph Nevill 
as of his lordship of Bywell, but at that time producing no income by 
reason of the destruction of the countryside by the Scots/ 

About the year 1570, Black Hedley was held in moieties by John 
Swinburne and Percival Hopper, by charter in free socage, suit of court, 
and payment of relief.- In 1608 Swinburne's moiety is stated to be held by 
John Andrew,^ and the other moiety by Nicholas Hopper, as free tenants;' 
but the Crown continued to hold a parcel of the attainted earl of 
Westmorland's lands, for it is stated in the survey that Robert Bowes and 
George Bowes had felled ' within his majestie's woodes of Black Hedley 
without any warrant for the same, as much oakewood and birtchwood as 
was worth _^40 and upwards.'" A tenement with gardens, orchards, etc., of 
the yearly value of 46s. 8d., late parcel of the possessions of the earl of 
Westmorland, was granted January 20th, 1608/9, to Justinian Povey and 
Robert Morgan ; the grant being made in consideration of the true and 
faithful service of the king's kinsman and councillor, John, earl of Mar.'' 
The name of Swinburne reappears in the book of rates of 1663, at which 
time Thomas Swinburne was rated for lands at Black Hedley at ^10, and 
Humphrey Hopper at ^14 los. per annum. 

Mr. Nicholas Hopper, one of the last survivors of the family, was an 
agriculturist of note in his day, and his method of husbandry is commended 
in the Agricttltural Survey of Northiiinbcilaiid, published in 181 3, in the 
following passage : 

Upon Bulbeck common there are lands which, in a stale of common, were not worth more than a 
shining an acre, a part of which has been in ploughing twenty-five years, and grown three white crops 
successively, between one fallowing and another ; this land is now dear enough at four shillings an acre ; 
while Mr. Hopper's of Black Hedley is worth ten shillings or twelve shillings. His system is, when 
first broken up from heath to pare and burn, and plough in the autumn ; next spring plough across, 
lime, and sow oats ; then fallow and lime, 75 bushells per acre, and sow- turnips ; after which, oats and 
grass seeds, four |iounds red clover, five pounds white, and one bushel of ray grass, and continue in grass 
six or seven years ; then to plough for oats, turnips, oats, and sow up with grass seeds as before. There 
are instances, where the increased value is in the ratio of twelve to one or even more.' 

' hu}. />.;;;. of Christina widow of John de Middleton, 9 Hen. V. No. 54. 

^ Hall and Humberston's Survey of 1570. John .Swinburne's estate comprised a tenement with a 
garden, orchards, and 45 acres of arable meadow and pasture land let to Christopher Andrews at 
46s. 8d. per annum. 

' Christopher Andrew of Black Hedley died about the year 1600. Administration of his personal 
estate was granted 7th March, 1601/2, to his two sons-in-law, viz., Thomas Hopper, the husband of 
Jane Andiew, and John Wilkinson, husband of Margery Andrew. Durham Probate Rci^istry. 

' Haggat and Ward's Survey. ■' Ibid. "Pat. Rolls, 6 Jas. I. part 32. 

' Bailey and CuUey, Agricultural Survey of Northumberland, 3rd edition (1813), p. 126. 



Nicholas Hopper' was succeeded by his brother (ieorge Hopper, wlio 
died an aged man in iSiS. Never having been married, he gave his huids 
to his nephew Nicholas Burnett, son of George Burnett of Ovington ; 
whose trustees with his consent sold Black Hedley in 1858- to Mr. Thomas 
Wilson of Shotley-hall. It now belongs to Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson. 

The following pedigree of the family of Hopper, now e.xtinct in the 
direct line, but represented by numerous branches, is as full as the imperfect 
materials will permit. 

' 1S07, February 2nd, aged 60, at Black Hedley North, in consequence of a fall from his horse 
whilst looking over his grounds, Nicholas Hopper, esq., in v\hose conduct the character of Pope's ' Man 
of Ross' was completely exemplified ; GciithiiHiii's Mai;ti:^inc. 

- For sale the estate of Black Hedley, comprising 623 acres. Apply to Mr. (ieorge Hopper 
Burnett at Wood-house near Shotley Bridge. Newcastle Papers, September, 1S56. 


The arms of Hopper, as shown on the tomb circa 1734 in the church of Barnard Castle, are argetil three roses gules. 
Surtees Durham^ vol. iv. pt. i. p. 83. 

PercIVAL Hoppek had a moiety of Black Hedley in 1570. 

Nicholas Hopper, 20th August, 1 566, obtained 
a lease of lands in Shotley ; held a moiety 
of Black Hedley in 160S ; will dated 25th 
August, 1617; proved 1617; to be buried in 
Shotley chapel (Ji). 

Jane . . . an e.xeculrix to her husband's will (Ji). [James] Hopper. = 

I I 

John. \ 

Isabella. / 

All named in the will of 
uncle Nicholas. 


Cuthbert Hopper of 
Black Hedley, son 
and heir; in 1647 
was made guardian 
ofhis nephew, John 
Hopper (/<) ; had a 
dau., Isabella, liv. 
25th Aug., i6i7(/;). 

I I 
living 1633 

living 1647 

John Hopper (/() 
of Black Hedley ; 
will dated 15th 
December, 1633 ; 
proved 1633 ; to 
be buried in Shot- 
ley church ; issue 
seven children (li). 

Elizabeth, Thomas Hopper of Bl.ack 
named in Hedley, purchased lands 
her hus- in Sholley-field ist 
band's January, 1632/3 (a) ; 

will (Ji). will dated l8th Novem- 

ber, 1647 ; proved 
1649 ; to be buried in 
Shotley church (li). 

trix to 
her hus- 

Jane, married 
Thomas Potts ; 
named in her 
father's will, 
and in that 
of her brothers 
John andThos. 

I I 

Cuthbert Hop- Humphrey Hopper of Black Hedley,* 

per, eldest son, was rated for lands there in 1663 ; 

named in his purchased lands at Shotley-field 

father's will. 1st February, 1668/9 («)• 

Thomas, son and heir, to whom his father gave two- 
thirds of his tenement at Shotley-field when 21 (li) ; 
living 17th May, 1690, when he sold certain lands in 
ShoUey-field («). 


I „ I 

John Hopper of Black = not Joseph Hopper of Black = Mary . 

Hedley, will dated 27th 
Feb., 1679/80 ; proved 
1680 ; to be buried at 
Shotley church ; men- 
tions his mother as liv- 
ing, and his brother- 
in-law, George Ward 

mentioned Hedley (a), named in his named in 

in her hus- brother's will ; owner of her hus- 

band's will lands at Shotley-field (r?) ; band's 

(/>). died unmarried, leaving will (a). 

Humphrey Hopper his 
nephew and heir (a) ; will 
dated I2th May, 1696 (a) ; 
bur. 20th May, 1696 (jf). 

Jane, married George Ward, 
living 1 2th May, i6g6 {ii). 

.'^nne, married . . . Smith, living 
1 2 th May, 1696 (a). 

Mary, married Swin- 
burne, living I2th M.ay, 1696 

Elizabeth, married . . . Hunter, 
living I2th May, 1696 (a). 

= Humphrey Hopper of Black Hedley, only son, born 13th December, 1677 = Jane, dau. of George 

(c) ; voted at the election of knights of the shire 1710, 1715, 17; 
and 1748 ; owned lands at Barnard Castle and at Rookhope(c) ; built 
Wood-house and the 'port' at Black Hedley (t) ; died at Black 
Hedley Wood-house 29th October, 1760 (c) ; buried ist November, 
1760 (g) ; will dated 8th November, 175S (/-). 

Hodgson of Ahvent, 
near Staindrop (^7), 
mar. 6lh May, 1697 
(^); died 29th Feb,, 
I75::,aged 77 (/)(,?)■ 

Anne, born i6th 
January, 1679 
(c), named in 
her father's 
will (/,)• 



Thomas, bapt. John Hopper of Black Hedley («), 

2Ist April, ill 1776 called eldest son and 

1694 (^) ; heir-at-law (a) ; baptised 23rd 

died in his April, 1700 (.c) ; resided chiefly 

father's life- at Raydale-hall, Aysgarth, 

time. Yorks. (c) ; living gth Jan., 1776 

(a) ; died in London i6th Dec, 

1776 (g) (/;) ; buried at Shotley 

19th Jan., 1777 (^) ; will dated 

gth August, 1774 (3) ; died 

George Hopper,bapt. 
29th Dec, 1702 (^); 
died 30th March, 
1725, aged 23, and 
was buried in the 
church of Barnard 
Castle, where there 
is a remarkable 
monument to his 
memory (£*). 

Joseph Hopper, baptised 6lh Sept., 
1709 (^) ; tenant of Marwood, 
near Barnard Castle (c) ; suc- 
ceeded to Black Hedley and lands 
in .MIendale, Wolf-cleugh, and 
Red Barn on the death of his 
brother John (a) ; died i8th 
October, 1795, aged 86 (/)(.;:) ; 
will dated 26th November, 1785, 
proved 1798 (a). 

: Mary, 

Walton of 
(f); bur. 
13th Dec, 
1782 (^). 

Hodgson Hopper, bapt. 6th Mar., 
1717/8 (,?) ; resided at Scartop, 
in Bishopdale (c) ; took Raydale 
and other lands in Yoikshire 
under the will of his brother 
John (a) ; living 1775 ; buried 
at Askrigg (c). 

Humphrey Hopper, baptised i6th 
November, 1722 (^^); 'a captain 
in General Leighton's regiment 
of Grenadiers (c), 32nd Foot ; 
died unmarried at St. Vincent, 
West Indies, loth August, 
1765, aged 43 (/). 

I I I 

Mary, baptised 6th March, 1697/8 (^) ; married 
30th April, 1718, John Hail of Butsfield (c) (g); 
named in the will of her brother John (a). 

Anne, baptised 15th November, 1705 (g) ; married 
Cuthbert Hopper of Summerfield (t). 

Martha, baptised 3rd September, 1713 (^) ; mar- 
ried John Langhorn, clerk in orders (c) ; named 
in the will of her brother John (a). 

Nicholas Hopper of Black Hedley, son 
and heir, 'an eminent agricultural- 
ist' ; died 2nd P'ebruary, 1807 (/), 
from the effects of a fall from his 
horse, aged 69, s.p. ; buried 5th 
February, 1807 (^) ; will dated :6th 
October, 1802 ; proved at Durham 
1st August, 1807 (a). 

Joseph Hopper, master 
and mariner, capt. of 
the ship ' Formosa'; 
living 30th July, 
18 16 ; died unmar- 
ried (c) ; buried Sth 
July, 1821, aged 
79 («) (^^)- 

George Hopper, succeeded 
to Black Hedley under 
the will of his brother 
Nicholas ; died unmar. 
24th Jan., 18 18, aged 62 
(0 (/) i?) ; will dated 
30th July, 1816; proved 
7th March, 1818 (a). 

Jane, married 30th 
May, 1758 (.?), 
Robert VV^ard of 
Gingleshaugh (c) 
(g) ] liv. at Black 
Hedley a widow 
in 1S16. 


Mary, married nth Feb., 1771, George Burnett of 
Ovington (c) (^), whose son, Nicholas Burnett, 
succeeded to Black Hedley at the death of 
his uncle, George Hopper ; buried at Ovingham 
30th March, 1836, aged 87 (a) ; will dated 25th 
July, 1 83 1 (a). 

Anne, married l6th April 1798, Surtees Jopling of the parish of 

Shotley (jc) ; living 26th October, 1802 (a). 
Martha, married 17th December, 17S7, John Forster of Bishop 

Auckland (^g), afterwards of Whitehaven ; living 26th October, 

1802 (a); buried at St. Bees gth November, 1841, aged 88 (c) 

(a) ; will dated 12th July, 1S25 (a). 4, 

* In a document, dated 1655, entitled the ' Petition of Humphrey Hopper of Black Hedley,' unfortunately destroyed 
in a fire in Mr. George Burnett's house, in 1896, this Humphrey Hopper is described as son of John Hopper, nephew of 
Cuthbert and Humphrey Hopper, and grandson of Nicholas Hopper, all of Black Hedley. 

(a) Mr. J. Walton-Wilson's deeds. 

(/^) Durham Probate Registry, 

(c) Mr. G. J. M. Burnett's '/"awn/y Papers. 

(rf) Gentleman s Magazine, February, 1807. 

(<■) M.I. Barnard Castle. Surtees Durham, vol. iv. pt. i. p. 83. 

(/) M.I. Shotley. 

(^) Shotley Register. 

(_h") Gentleman's .Magazine, 1777, p. 47. 

The small hamlet of Greenhead was the birthplace of the only sculptor 
of any note which Northumberland has produce.d. The son of a blacksmith, 
John Graham Lough was born in January, 1798/ Having attracted the 
notice of Mr. Silvertop of Minsteracres, who encouraged his boyish efforts 
in modelling clay figures, he was apprenticed to a stone-mason at Shotley- 
field, and when out of his time worked in the year 1823 at the building of 

' His father William Lough was a native of Ayclifif, county Durham, and his mother Barbara 
Clementson a native of Dalton in Hexhamshire : he was their tliird son and was baptized at Shotley 
31st December, 1798. Cf. Shotley Rigistcr. 




the library of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle. Shortly 
afterwards he proceeded to London, where he e.xhibited a bas-relief at the 
Royal Academy in 1826, and in the following year found himself famous. 
His work is well known in the north of England, and full-sized plaster 
models of nearly all his works are at Elswick-hall, Newcastle ; other 
examples of his finished work may be seen at the Free Library of 
that town, and his statue of Lord Collingwood is at Tynemouth. An 
admirable sketch of his life ' may be found in Mr. Richard Welford's 
Men of Mark. 

At the elections of knights of the shire in 1734, 1748, and 1774, 
Cuthbert Hopper of Summerfield" voted in respect of lands at that place, ^ 
and he obtained an allotment of 100 acres in respect of his lands there on the 
enclosure of Bolbec common. He was residing at Summerfield-house in 
1758,* when he made the will in favour of John Hunter of Medomsley which 
was upset at the Northumberland assizes in 1781, by Thomas Haswell, 
the heir-at-law.* Subsequently Summerfield was conveyed by Haswell to 
Mr. Hunter" for a competent sum of money, and now belongs to his 
representative, the Rev. James Allgood of Nunwick, from whom another 
farm, bearing the singular name of Bullions, has recently been purchased 
by Mr. John Drummond. 

Adjoining Summerfield is the farmhold of Durham-field, which in 1608 
was held by Robert Redshaw, whose name appears as owner in 1663, when 
he was assessed at £12 per annum. In 1710, Cuthbert Redshaw, and in 
1748, Cockerell Redshaw, then residing at High Shipley, voted at the 
elections of knights of the shire for lands at Durham-field.' The place must 
have been sold very soon after, for on the enclosure of Bolbec common, an 
allotment of 351 acres was made to Robert Vazie for the right of common of 
pasture appurtenant to his lands at Durham-field. It now belongs to 
Messrs. Taylor. 

' Lough died in London, Stli April, 1876. 

- 22 Aug., 1710. Will of Thomas Hopper of Hole Raw, gent. I give my freehold estate 'called by 
the name of Summerfield, now late divided, situate and lying at or nigh Black Hedley,' to my son 
Cuthbert Hopper, and also the farmholds, etc., called Uplands, Newclose, and Beawes in the township 
of Cireat Burdon m the parish of Haughton, held by lease from the Dean and Chapter of Durham. My 
wife Hannah £s per annum. My nephew Thomas Haswell of Chester-le-street, his brother Ralph, and 
his sisters Hannah and Elizabeth Haswell. Pr. 1728. Durham Probate Registry. ■■< p^n ijuuks. 

' 1780, May, died at Summerfield, Cuthbert Hopper, esq. Gcnt.'s Mug., 1780, p. 298. 

' Mr. J. W. Walton-Wilson's deeds. ' Ibid. ' Poll Book. 


On the 1 2th April, 1566, Eddysbridge and Durham-field were granted 
by Charles, earl of Westmorland, to his tenant Humphrey Hopper on a 
lease of 41 years.' Hopper was then a man between fifty and sixty years 
of age," and about 1575 lost his eldest son under somewhat peculiar 
circumstances. The son, whose name was Thomas, was born at 
Eddysbridge, but had gone to reside at Medomsley on his marriage with 
Agnes,' sister of Humphrey Rainton of Burnhopeside. Soon after his 
marriage Thomas fell ill, and being ' soore visityd in his siknes,' the 
neighbours were called in to hear what he ' wold say ' concerning his last will. 
They found him ' Iving sick upon a cowch by the fier-syde,' with a sheet 
about his head, which, as he kept pulling it off, was replaced by his father, 
who would say, ' Peise, bully, thinke of the passion of Christ.' His father, 
addressing him, said, ' My barne, wheras I gave the my lande, wilt not 
thou gyve the same to me freely again ? ' and placed ' the deids of the 
lands ' in his hands. Thomas answered, ' Ye, father, I am content,' and did 
give him the said writings again. The father continued, ' Wilt thou make 
me and the barne within thi wyfe's sydes thi executors?' and Thomas again 
answered ' yee.' The testator died that night.'' 

Humphrey Hopper had a younger son Roger, apparently a tanner,^ 
but was succeeded at Eddysbridge and Durham-field by John Hopper, 
possibly the posthumous son of Thomas, whose untimely death has been 
related, whose name, with that of Robert Redshaw, appears in the survey 
of 1608.° In 1663 Robert Redshaw was rated for lands at Durham-field, 
but Eddysbridge at that time belonged to John Iley and Robert Taylor.' 
Eddysbridge, after being held by the family of Clavering of Axwell for 
some generations, has recently been purchased by Mr. W. Mackay. 

A new bridge over the Derwent has recently been erected at 

Sir Arthur Middleton's Derwentside estate represents, in part, the lands 
given to his ancestor William de Middleton about the middle of the 

' Hall and Homberston's Survey. 

- Durham Depositions and Ecclesiastical Proceedings, Raine, p. Ii6. Surt. Soc. No. 21. 
''Agnes, widow and administratrix of Thomas Hopper, married Robert Smith of Benfieldside, 
yeoman, and was living August 3rd, 1579. E.x Bell MSS. Arch. Ael. new series, vol. i. p. 35. 
' Durham Depositions and Ecclesiastical Proceedings, Raine, pp. 265-276. Surt. Soc. No. 21. 
' Ibid. 

° Haggat and Ward's Survey. ' Book 0/ Rates ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 292. 

° The bridge was opened July 2nd, 1901. 


thirteenth cemurv by Walter de Huntercomb. The lands comprised in 
the grant are described as all the said Walter's lands in Shotley, Black 
Hedley, Allersete and Bolbec' The lands so granted are more particularly 
described in an inquisition taken at Newcastle on November 9th, 13 18, 
after the rebellion of Sir John de Middlcton, knight, as being at Shotley, 
Black Hedley, Holes, ' Crukedehake,' Newbiggin and Shilford. They are 
described as held of John de Lancaster, lord of Styford, by homage and 
the payment of 6d. per annum. Sir John de Middleton, by a charter 
mentioned in the inquisition and dated January 25th, 13 16/7, gave the 
above-named hamlets to his daughter Joan on her marriage with Sir John 
de Felton." Subsequently they reverted to the Middleton family, and in 
the inquisition taken at Morpeth on November 8th, 1396, after the death 
of Sir John de Middleton, knight, it was stated that he died seised of a 
tenement called Crokydake worth los. a year, a tenement in White-leche 
worth 4od. a year, three tenements called the Hole-rawe worth 13s. 4d. 
a year, besides lands at Newbiggin, Sperydon, Newton, Shilford, etc.'' 
His wife Christina, who had a joint interest in the estate, survived her 
husband until loth March, 1422.' Some time before her death she granted, 
by charter, ' two husband lands in Neubiggyng by Blanchland by name of 
all her possessions in the vills of Cramlyngton, Croketake, Newbiggyng 
and else where, near or on the water of Derwent within the parish of 
Shotley,' to trustees for her son John de Middleton and Isabel his wife, 
daughter of Roger Thornton of Newcastle.'* 

On September 28th, 1552, Robert Middleton of Belsay granted to 
Edward, son of Roger Hopper, a farmhold at Cruktake" 'with all the 
appurtenances, commodities, implements and proffittes unto the said farmold 
belonging,' to hold for the term of twenty-one years at the yearly rent of 
26s. 8d. The lessor covenanted to give the tenant sufficient ' husbuit and 
hayuebuit.'^ A similar lease of the same date was granted by Robert 
Middleton to Roger Hopper of ' one parcell of ground callyd Wester 

' Assize Rolls, 16 Edw. I. (Duke of Northumberland's Transcript, p. 270). 
^ Inq. ad quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. No. 121. 

' Inq. p.m. of John Middleton, 20 Ric. II. No. 37. Cf. Hodgson, Northumhirlitnd, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 354. 
* Inq. p.m. Christinae uxoris Johannis de Middelton, 9 Hen. V. No. 54. 
' This inarriage is proved by Inq. p.m. 9 Hen. V. No. 54. 

' The very remarkable formation at Crooked-oak, where the Derwent makes a sharp turn round the 
high rock, called the Sneap, has already been mentioned on page 2. ■ sir Arthur Middleton's deeds. 


Wallege of one marke rent as it lyeth in tlie said Wester Wallege 
bundrying of the Cruktake on the west syd and the Ester Wallage on 
the est portion and Mngglesworthe parke on the southe portion and the 
erle of Westmorland on the north syde,' with ' husbuit and hauebuit.' ' 

In a settlement of his estates made by Robert Middleton of Belsay, 
dated March 4th, 1582/3, for the 'establishment of the said lands in his 
name and blood,' the Dervventside lands are described as comprising 
'Croked-oke, rhe two Walliges, the two Mosforthes, the Hole-rawe, 
Orchard-hyll, a water mylne, a parcel of ground called Yole-lande in 
Crokede-oke, 200 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 
70 acres of wood, and 200 acres of moor and turbary." 

The Yoleland, named in the settlement of 1583 and mentioned under 
the form of Yowleslande in an inquisition taken at Morpeth on March 
26th, 1 59 1,' after the death of Robert Middleton, seems to be represented 
by what is now called Allensford-mill. The places enumerated in a fme 
passed in Hilary term, 1654, are Crooked-oke, alias Crooked-dall, Wallages, 
Mosford, Little-rawe and Orchard-hill.'' 

On June 30th, 1670, Sir William Middleton took a conveyance" from 
Roger Blakeston and others of the grange or hamlet called Pansheels, 
alias Paynsheels,'' which place is enumerated with Crookt-oake, alias 
Crookdale, Wallis-walls, alias Wallages, the Whole-rawe, alias the Little- 
rawe, the Orchard-field, alias the Orchard-hill, a messuage and pasture in 
Shotley, Mossford, Allansford-milne, and the house called Iron-forge, for 
the making and working of iron, in a deed dated June 9th, 1673.' The 
rental of Sir John Middleton's Derwentside estate in 1692 was ^172 per 
annum.* The blast furnace and forge were occupied before the year 
1 69 1 by a person named Davison, who was succeeded in 1692 by Dennis 
Hayford'' and partners. The rent was £^0 per annum." The iron forge 
called Allensford forge, with two acres of ground called Gills-haugh and 
a meadow close called Sissehaugh, were conveyed in 171 3 to Nicholas 
Fenwick of Newcastle.'^ On the enclosure of Bolbec common, Sir John 
Middleton received an allotment, in two parcels, of 526 acres of land in 
lieu of common of pasture appurtenant to his farms at Hole-raw, Orchard- 

' Sir Arthur Middleton's deeds. ' Ihhi. ' Ibicl. ' Ihid. ■' Mr. J. \V. Walton- Wilson's deeds. 
"Sir William Middleton conveyed Panshields to Thomas Hunter of Medomsley; the deed is 
dated September 13th, 1677. Ibid. ' Sir Arthur Middleton's MSS. 'Ibid. 

° Mr. Dennis Hayford died about 1732. Cf. Newcastle Coin-ant, 27th May, 1732. 
'" Sir Arthur Middleton's MSS. " Ibid. 


field, Crooked-oak, Wallish-walls, and Mosswood. The lirsl allolmciU of 
258 acres was adjacent to the farms ; the other allotment of 267 acres 
forms the farm now called Barhnv, or Rarkvhill. The estate also produced 
a revenue from the sale of timber, the receipts under this head for 1752 
and 1753 being ;^i,458, while from 1807 to 1816 the sum of £1,827 was 
received.' Corf and chisel rods were also sold. Sir Arthur Middleton's 
estate in 1891 comprised 1,189 'ic-res, and, in addition to the prolit of the 
woods, produced ;^793 per annum, out of which he paid the tithes." 

The bridge at Allensford, which provides one of the chief passes from 
this part of the county into the county of Durham, is surrounded by some 
of the most romantic scenery on the beautiful water of Derwent.' This 
place is asserted to be that referred to by Sir Walter Scott in his poem 
on Rokeby in the lines beginning 

And when he taxed thy hreacli of word 
To yon fail' Rose of Allenford, 
I saw thee crovich hke chastened hound, 
Whose back the huntsman's lash hath found.' 

The mill at Allensford is stated to have belonged to John Usher in 1663, 
who may, however, have been the tenant, for the estate has long been in the 
possession of the family of the present owner, Sir Arthur Middleton, bart. 

Although the Shotley Bridge'' sword mill was situated in the township 
of Benfieldside," in the county of Durham, a few words may be said about an 
industry, founded about the time of William and Mary, by the Wopers, 
Mohls (corrupted into Mole), Oleys, and other refugees from the neighbour- 
hood of Solingen and Cologne, who found the sequestered vale of Shotley 
as suitable for the exercise of their craft as the w'ater of the Derwent was 
for the tempering of their sword blades.^ 

' .Sir Arthur Middleton's MSS. Corf-rods were hazel rods, from half an inch to one inch in thickness, 
used for making corves, or baskets, by which coals were lifted from the coal pits. The smaller hazel rods 
were used by blacksmiths, by whom they were twisted in such a manner as to hold their hot chisels, 
hence they were called chisel-rods. In 1773, 960 bunches of corf rods were sold, at 5d. a bunch, for ^20. 
In 1829, 1054 bunches of corf-rods were sold, at gd. a bunch, for ^39 i6s. 

- Ex inf. Sir Arthur Middleton. '' Cf. Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 347. ' Scott, Rokeby, canto iii. sec. xx. 

'' Immediately above the bridge there is a ledge of millstone grit over which the river dashes. The 
holes from which the stone used to be wrought may be seen between the bridge and the paper mills. 
Cf. Neshani, North Country Sketches, p. 284. ' Cf. Surtees Durham, vol. ii. p. 294. 

' The Oleys were sword makers, and the Mohls sword grinders. Cf. Joshua Lax, Historical Poems : 
Durham, 1884, page 19. 

To be sold, a sword-grinding mill, with about 8 acres of ground, a very good head of water, situate 
on Darwent water in the county of Durham; also a very good house, etc., all now in the possession of 
Mr. William Mohll at Shotley Bridge, who will treat with any about the same. Neiirastle Courant, 
1 6th May, 1724. 



At Christmas, 1703, a Dutch vessel, the St. Anne, arrived in the Tyne 
from Rotterdam, and was boarded by the customs house officers, who found 
therein some cases of arms, and alleged that other cases had been thrown 
overboard. The arms seized were found to be forty-five bundles of sword 
blades and one bundle of hangers, and to be the property of Hermon 
Mohl, who was arrested and committed to Morpeth gaol in spite of his 
sworn declaration that the goods were not contraband, but ' were made in 
Solingan in High Germany, and yt he brought ym hither in order to carry 
ym to Shotley Bridge to dispose of ym there.' The affair was reported to 
the Secretary of State, for there were strong suspicions that they were 
brought over at the ' instigation of some known friends of the Stuart family 
in the neighbourhood of Newcastle.' Fortunately Mohl was able to 
produce credible witnesses of his identity and respectability, one of whom, 
Hendry Wopper of Shotley Bridge, a sword-maker by trade, deposed 
that for fifteen years past Mohl and he had ' wrought together for the 
Sword-blade Company att Shotley Bridge,' which works ' about twelve 
months since being discontinued, the said Harmon Mohll went into 
Germany, his native country, but the said works being sett on again about 
Lammas last, this deponent knows that the said Harmon Mohll was writt to, 
to return from Germany into England by persons concerned in ye said 
company of sword-blade makers att Shotley Bridge in order to work there 
as he formerly had done.' The prisoner was released by the court on bail, 
but the sessions records do not show how the matter was finally disposed 
of; Mohl ultimately went to and died at Shotley Bridge, being buried 
December 6th, 17 16.' 

Joseph Oley, 'the last of the sword makers,' died at Shotley Bridge in 
1896. The registers of Medomsley and Shotley contain numerous entries of 
a genealogical nature relating to these industrious settlers, and some of the 
German inscriptions which were cut upon the door heads of their houses 
have been preserved.^ 

' Dickson, Extracts from the Sessions Records. 



BEHVT I VND EINCJAN \ Cf. Ryan, Shotley Spa, pp. 107, 108. 

The second inscription, when perfect, m.iy have read : ' Deutschland ist iinsuer Vaterland, Solingen 
ist die stadt geheisst. Der Hear behiite deinen Ausgang und Eingang.' Psalm cxxi. 8. 



The Church. 

The chapt-l of St. Andrew ' of Shotley is situated on the northern 
boundary of the township of Shotley Low Ouarter, about three miles distant 
from Shotley-bridge. It stands upon the Grey Mare hill, 960 feet above 
sea-level, ordnance datum, on a bleak, unsheltered spot, with a very 
extensive prospect in every direction. 


[,17 1 

Shotley Church, Jui.v 3Kr>, 1S82.- 

As has been already stated, the abbey of Blanchland was endowed in 
1 165 by its founder, Walter de Bolbec, with the church of Bywell St. 
Andrew, and its three chapels of Shotley, Styford, and Apperley. Of 
the structure at that time existing, or of a building erected soon afterwards, 
there remains a single capital, now preserved at Shotley-hall.^ With the 
abbot and convent of Blanchland the parishioners of Shotley were not 
always on amicable terms, for there was a suit between them in 1417 in 

' Cf. Ecton, rhcsaunts (cd. 1742), p. 759. - From a di-.iwing by Mr. Robert IJlair. 

" Thi5 stone is now placed in Mr. Walton-Wilson's conscr\atury. 


the ecclesiastical court at York.' On April iith, 1549, the chapel of 
Shotley, with all the lands and buildings thereto belonging, and the 
tithes of Unthank, Shotley-field, Waskerley, ' Paunchell,' Shotley-bridge, 
Snods, Mossford, ' Crokedale,' Durham-field, Black-hedley, Birkenside, 
Eddysbridge, Acton, Cowbyres, Nevvbiggin, ' Burshell-haugh,' and Emley, 
were granted to Sir Thomas Gargrave, knight, of North Emsall, York- 
shire, and to William Adams, junior, on the payment of a competent 
sum of money." In 16 14, Claudius Forster demised a moiety of the 
chapel and all the tithes and oblations vearly renewing in Shotley-field, 
Shotley-bridge, Newbiggin, etc., to George Fenwick for the period of 
fifty years at the yearly rent of 2d.' The advowson now belongs to 
Lord Crewe's trustees, who also possess the great tithes. 

The chapel was originally a structure ' in length about sixteen yards, 
to four or five yards in breadth within the walls, the chancel being one 
foot or more narrower than the body of the chapell.'' 

In 1680, the churchwardens stated that their church was 

'all out of repair, our bells broken; a font of stone we have, but broken; we have no sentences of 
scripture; an almes box we want, and a chest with three locks; wee have neither a reading nor letany 
deske ; we have no pulpit-cloath nor cushion ; we have no book of cannons nor homilies, nor register for 
christning, marrying, or burying, nor tables of the degrees of marriage prohibited.' 

Two years later some of these defects seem to have been remedied, but 
other complaints are made : 

'we want a Bible, a register booke, a bier, and a black cloth; our churchyard walls are much out of 
repaire ; the house belonging to our parson was burnt down in the late incumbent's days, and as yet 
unrebuilt.' ■■ 

About the middle of the eighteenth century ' the increase of the 
parishioners in number, and the vicinity of some distant parts of adjoyning 
parishes ' making ' the concourse of devout persons troublesome to the 
congregation,' Humphrey Hopper of Black Hedley, a neighbouring land- 
owner and 'constant inhabitant within the said chapelry,' obtained a grant 
of ;^20 from Lord Crewe's trustees to be expended in enlarging the chapel. 
In building the new porch or north transept, Hopper came into conflict 

' Canon Raine's notes from the York Records. " Pat. Rolls, 3 Edw. VI. pt. i. 

" Inq. p.m. of Nicholas Forster, 13 Chas. I. GrecuKnch Hospital Papers. 

' Hunter MSS.; cf. Randal, State of the Churches. 

^ The Rev. John Hodgson's Collection ; Bywell Guard Book. 

Vol. VI. 39 


with Christopher Hunter, the antiquary, the proprietor of the adjoining 
estate of Unthank, who writes : 

'In promoting this work, the said Mr. llojiper has destroyed no small parts of my tenants' cropps 
of standing corn by his loaded draughts in bringing timber, stones, lime, mortar, and water, whereby my 
freehold is visibly injured, there being no other passage or road through the same except for necessary 
repairs of the said chappell and to divine service in the same. All this the said Hopper has arbitrarily 
acted without any pretence of lawful authority, or the consent of the parishioners legally assembled, 
despising admonitions offered to make him sensible of his irregular proceedings.' 

,^ ) I 

Shotley was visited by Archdeacon Singleton on October 3rd, 1828, 
who, after admiring 

'the rosy-looking children collected at their morning school, which Mr. Marshall, the curate, attends in 
the vestry,' examined in the graveyard some of the early works of Lough the sculptor which had first 
attracted the notice of Mr. Silvertop, who in consequence became his patron. His 'first work is a 
headstone for Chatt, his second for Gibson, and his third for Thompson.' . . . There is an immense 
structure in the churchyard, more conspicuous than the church itself — a monument of the Hopper family, 
built in the year 1752, something in the taste, though far worse, than the gate of Burleigh and one of the 
gates of Caius College." Lord Crewe's trustees are the patrons, and repair the chancel. The church is 
a small cross, elongated at the north end, with a vestry which is used for a school, the ceiling in the 
centre of the building is well groined, and has the date of 1769. There is a mural inscription in 
memory of Christopher Hunter, M.B., of Medomsley, a rare and judicious antiquary and physician ; also 
a poor Latin inscription to a former curate, Mr. Simpson. There is one faculty pew belonging to 
Shotley-hall. The population is 450, the church sittings 200. There is a service every Sunday in the 
mornings, except when sacrament is administered at the neighbouring chapel of Whittonstall, which 
is served by the same minister. The sacrament is administered four times per annum, the 

parish finding the elements The clerk is appointed by the minister, and paid by the 

cess and fees and 'plough-sixpences' from the High Quarter; the sexton is paid by the cess. They sing 
the authorised versions. The average of funerals is 9, christenings 16, marriages 5. Mr. Maughan is 
the incumbent, but resides as librarian at Hamburgh castle. He is poor, and 1 fear his worthy and 
respectable curate, Mr. Marshall, is poorer, but he faces his poverty with a decent appearance and 
cheerful countenance, and is not devoid of scientific attainments. The revenues of the benefice are as 
follows: the land near the parsonage, .£12; Easter dues, £4 los. Land near Rothbury' and a recent 
grant from the Bounty make up per annum .£125. There are thirty Catholics in the parish and many 
other dissenters, but some of the former and most of the latter come to church. The communion cup 
has a small pattern running round the protuberance of the stand or leg.' '^ 

In 1836, the church having partly collapsed owing to pit w^orkings, and 
being remote from the more populous parts of the parish, a new church 
dedicated to St. John was built at the Snods. The old chapel or. as it is 
generally called, St. Andrew's church, continued to be used for burials and 
occasional services, but having fallen into utter ruin it w^as rebuilt and 

' Ex Hunter MSS. Rev. John Hodgson's Collection ; Bywell Guard Book. 
- These three headstones still remain in the graveyard. 

" By a curious change of taste the gate of Burleigh and the Gate of Honour at Caius College are 
now held up to admiration. ^ This land, which was at Sandilands, near Rothbury, was sold in 1S9S. 

'^ Archdeacon Singleton's Minute Book. 



reconstructed on the old lines in 1892 for use as a chapel of ease. It is a 
low cruciform structure with nave, chancel, and transepts of similar length. 
On the centre of the intersecting arches is the date 1769, commemorating 
the building of the porches or transepts. Two stones, upon each of which 
is a Maltese cross, found in the old wall, have been built into the outer 
face of the east wall of the church, 

The Hoi'I'ek Monument. 

The Hopper monument mentioned by Archdeacon Singleton is a 
very large, elaborate structure, built about the year 1752 by Humphrey 
Hopper of Black Hedley. It towers above and dwarfs the church, is 
four-square, and ' has four faces with si.x statues in niches, the front railed 
round ; and under an arch in the main building lie two figures, male and 


female, naked to the waist. Above the cornice on each face are two 
mourning figures bearing shields,' etc. On the south face are the arms : 
Three roses seeded impaling a chevron between three martlets} Of the 
two niched mitred statues on this face, one holding a scroll and book 
is intended to commemorate the martyred bishop Hooper — the names 
of Hooper and Hopper are often interchanged here — the other figure 
carries a scroll. On a panel there is the following inscription : 

'Erected by Humfiey Hopper of Black Hedley, in memory of his wife Jane Hodgson, who died 
February 29th, 1752, aged 77. Humfrey Hopper, died [October 29th] 1760, aged 83. John, his son, 
died December i6lh, 1776, aged 76. Joseph, his son, died October i8th, 1795, aged 86. Mary Walton, 
wife of Joseph Hopper, died [December, 1782]. Humfrey, captain 32nd Regiment Foot, died at 
St. \'incent, August loth, 1765, aged 43. Nicholas, son of Joseph Hopper, died February 2nd, 1807. 
George son of Joseph Hopper, died January 24th, 1818. Joseph Hopper, captain of the ship 
Formosa [....].' 

On the north face is the following : 

'Nicholas Hopper, living at Black Hedley in 1575, had two sons, Cuthbert and John, the latter 
of which had two sons, Humfrey and John, who was the father of Humfrey who erected this 


In memory of Nicholas Hopper Burnett, son of Nicholas and Isabella Burnet of Black Hedley, 
who died at Dundee, February 23rd, 1848, aged 23 years. 

Here lyeth the body of Thomas Hopper of Somerfeald-house, who departed this life January the 
ninth day, 1727. 

Here lyeth the body of John Hopper of Shotley-field, who departed this life December 21st, 1724, 
aged 92. Humphrey, son of Thomas Hopper [of Shotley-field], deceased December 4th (?), A.D. 1737, 
aged 2 years. Ann, daughter of Thomas Hopper [of Shotley-field], died January the 9th, 1755, aged 
24 years. 

In memor>' of Ann, infant daughter of William and Margaret Hopper of Shotley-field, who died 
Sept. 19th, 1773'; Isabel, daughter of William and Margaret Hopper of Shotley-field, died May 12th, 
1775, aged 7 years; John Hopper of Shotley-field, died Dec. 4lh, 17S2, aged 60 years; William 
Hopper of Shotley-field, died Sept. 15th, 1S02, aged 78 years; George, son of William and Margaret 
Hopper, died at Berlianda in Spain, Feb. 13th, 1812, aged 24 years. 

Here lye the remains of Christopher Hunter, M.B., a learned and judicious antiquary and physician. 
He was the only child of Tho