Skip to main content

Full text of "A history of Northumberland. issued under the direction of the Northumberland county history committee"

See other formats







//V/ >/• ^ "vO'yy/yyjY/^Ay. 






rig ft-^it-'r:*, " -i.T 















History of Northumberland 


The Parochial Chapelries 


Earsdon and Horton 

By H. H. E. CRASTER, M.A., 







6 TO 

The reasons inducing the Committee to devote their attention to the 
extreme south-eastern portion of the county are set out in the preface to 
the eighth volume. That volume was originally intended to comprise the 
history of the ancient and undivided parish of Tynemouth, extending from 
the mouth of the Tyne to the mouth of the Blyth. An unexpected 
abundance of material derived from the Public Record Office, the muni- 
ments of the Duke of Northumberland, and private collections, made it 
necessary to depart from the original project and to divide the work. 
Accordingly the Committee determined to withhold the account of the 
ancient chapelry of Earsdon, and did this with the greater readiness, 
inasmuch as a rich treasure of historical information regarding Seaton 
Delaval, the most prominent township in the chapelry, existed in the 
Delaval muniments of the Marquis of Waterford preserved at Ford castle. 

This plan was adopted, and, after mature consideration of alternatives, 
it was decided to add to the account of Earsdon a description of the 
ancient chapelry of Horton. It is true that the history of this latter 
district has already been told by the Rev. John Hodgson in the History 
which forms the starting-point of the present series. That historian, how- 
ever, had not access to the Delaval manuscripts, which have enabled the 
story of the manor and township of Horton to be retold with greater 
fulness. Moreover, it was impossible to give any satisfactory account of 
the busy seaport of Blyth if Horton chapelry had not been included, for 
one half of the town stands within its confines: 

Judged by outward appearance, a more uninteresting district can 

scarcely be found in the county. Any natural beauty that it may have 

once possessed has, in the course of the last century, been well nigh 

destroved bv working the rich coal seams that underlie its surface. It has 

but one beautiful feature left — the glorious stretch of white and yellow 

sands that borders the North vSea. 




The district was once inhabited by a considerable number of resident 
gentry, chief of whom were the Delavals of Seaton Delaval, and it is still 
broken up into a large number of estates, but very few of the proprietors 
are resident. To many readers the history of the fortunes of the house 
of Delaval, enshrined in local legend and folklore, will be found the most 
attractive feature of the volume, although the history of the castle and 
demesne of Horton, which have for many generations belonged to the 
same family, will richly repay perusal. The student of industrial conditions 
and of the expansion of commerce will study Mr. T. E. Forster's chapters 
on the coal-field printed in the previous volume but partially covering the 
present ground, and the additional chapters in the present volume on 
mining in Cowpen and on the Bedlington Ironworks. 

The majority of the pedigrees have been prepared by Mr. J. C. 
Hodgson, with the generous assistance of Mr. H. M. Wood, who has made 
complete transcripts of the parish registers of Earsdon and Horton, of 
Mr. Edwin Dodds, who lent his genealogical extracts from the Newcastle 
Conrant, and of Mr. H. R. Leighton and Mr. J. J. Howe. Information 
has also been given by Mr. Farnham Burke, Somerset Herald, from docu- 
ments in his official custody and private possession. 

Mr, W. H. Knowles has again contributed architectural descriptions 
and plans of ancient buildings, etc., and Mr. Parker Brewis, Mr. S. S. Carr, 
3Ir. R. C. Clephan and Dr. W. Allan Sturges have contributed notes on 
prehistoric and medieval remains. The detailed description of the Roman 
objects known as the Backworth Find has been given by Professor Haver- 
field. Notices of the non-established churches at Blyth have been supplied 
by Mr. Maberly Phillips. 

For the index, always an invaluable adjunct to a work of this descrip- 
tion, the Committee are indebted to Lady Morton, who has prepared it 
with assistance from Mrs. F. E. Allhusen and Miss B. M. Craster. 

Drawings have been specially made for the volume by Mr. R. J. S. 
Bertram and Mr. W. H. Charlton ; Mr. Robert Spence has permitted use 


to be made of sketches by his late father, Mr. C. J. Spence ; and blocks 
have been lent by the Royal Archaeological Institute. Besides writing 
the articles mentioned above and reading the proofs, Mr. T. E. Forster 
has contributed liberally to the cost of illustrations. 

It is the duty of the Committee, as well as their pleasure, to put on 
record their great obligation to the various landowners who, without 
reservation, have placed their muniments and collection of papers at their 
disposal, viz. : to the Duke of Northumberland, to the Marquis of Water- 
ford, to Viscount Ridley, to the Anderson trustees, the Blake trustees, 
the Cowpen Coal Company, the Mansel trustees, Mr. R. G. Mortimer, 
Mr. Henry Sidney, Mr. Charles Straker, and the Thoroton and Croft 

They are also indebted to the Dean and Chapter of Durham, the 
Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, the Rev. Edward Arkless, vicar of 
Earsdon, the Rev. H. P. Cutter, vicar of Horton, Mr. J. B. Lazenby, 
Registrar to the Consistory Court of Durham, Mr. Stephen Sanderson, 
Clerk of the Peace of Northumberland, Mr. J. Easton, Secretary of the 
Blyth Harbour Commissioners, Messrs. Griffith, the Directors of the 
Scottish Widows Life Assurance Association, Messrs. Lloyds Bank, 
Messrs. Arnold and Took, Messrs. Clayton and Gibson, Messrs. Criddle 
and Criddle, Messrs. Gibson, Pybus and Pybus, Messrs. Leadbitter and 
Harvey, and Messrs. May, How and Chilver for access to documents in 
their custody. 

Mr. George Grey has laid the Committee under a special obligation by 
giving full facilities for the inspection of the Ford castle muniments. 

Mr. W. W. Tomlinson, Mr. H. Drummond, and several other residents 
of the district have imparted information on points connected with the 
locality and have read proofs of various portions of the volume. 


Preface ... 

List of Illustratio.vs 

List of Committee 

Addenda et Corrigenda 



Earsdon Township ... 

St. Alban's Chapel 
Backworth Township 
Burradon Township 
Seghill Township 
Holywell Township 
Hartley Township ... 

The Delaval Moiety 

The Middleton Moiety 

Hartley in the Sixteenth Century 

Seaton Sluice ... 
Seaton Delaval Township 

History of the Delaval Family 

Seaton Delaval Hall 

The Chantry of Our Lady 

Seaton Delaval Manor 
Newsham Township ... 



Collieries and the Coal Trade 

Horton Township 

HoRTON Chapel 
East Hartford and West Hartford Townships 
Bebside Township 

Bedlington Ironworks 
Cowpen Township 

The Monastic Lands 

The Freeholders' Moiety 

Cowpen in the Sixteenth Century 

Devolution of Properties 

Blyth Chapel ... 

Non-Established Churches 

Modern Blyth... 


Appendix I. 
Appendix II. . 
Appendix III. 
Appendix IV. 
Appendix V. 














Seaton Delaval Hall ... ... ... ... ... ••• frontispiece 

Map ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ••. ■•■ I 

Articles from the Backworth Fiiul ... ... ... ... 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 

Burradon Tower ... ... ... ... ... ■•. ... 46, 47 

Fireplace in Burradon Tower ... ... ... ... ... ... 48 

Axe-hammer found at Seghill ... ... ... ... ... ... 53 

Seghill Pele, Plan ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 57 

The Old Hall at Holywell ... ... ... ... ... ... 93 

Hartley Village ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 95 

Seal of Gilbert de Middleton ... ... ... ... ... ... 109 

Plate I. — The Dene at Seaton Sluice ... ... ... ... ... 120 

Seaton Sluice, Entrance ... ... ... ... ... ... 126 

„ „ the Cut ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 129 

„ „ from the Sea ... ... ... ... ... ... 131 

Seaton Lodge ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ••• 161 

Delaval Seals ... ... ... ... ... ••• ... •■■ 165, 166 

Seaton Delaval Chapel, Interior ... ... ... ... ... ... 183 

Effigies... ... ... ... 184, 185 

,, „ „ Armorial Shields ... ... ... ... ... 186 

Plate II.— Map of Castle Ward ... ... ... ... ... ... 224 

Plate III.— „ „ „ Key ... ... ... ... ... 224 

Cowpen Colliery Office... ... ... ... ... ... ... 235 

Plate IV.— Map to illustrate the History of Coal Mining in Horton Chapelry ... 240 

Stikelawe Seals ... ... ... ... ... ... 248, 253, 254 

Horton Pele ... ... ... ■■• ... -■ •■■ ... 257 

Plate v.— Seals of the Lords of Horton ... ... ... ... ... 272 

Horton Chapel, Architectural Details ... ... ... ... ... 275 

Bedlington Ironworks ... ... ... ... ... •■■ ■■. 301 

Cowpen Grove, Doorway ... ... ... ... .- ... ... 303 

Bronze Rapier from the River Blyth ... ... ... ■■• ... 305 

Cowpen, Plan of Township ... ... ... ... ..- ... ... 308 

,, House ... ... ... ... ... •■ ... 336 

Hall 338 

Plate VI.— Plan of Blyth ... ..r ... ... ... ... 348 

Blyth, Chart of Harbour, 1693 ... ... ... ... ... ... 356 

„ Link-end ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 358 

„ Lighthouse ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 359 

„ from the East, circa 1S20 ... ... ... ... ... 361 

„ St. Cuthbert's and Ridley Arms ... ... ... ... ... 363 

„ Staiths ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 371 


Issued Under the Direction of the Northumberland County History Committee. 


The Duke of Northumberl.^nd, K.G. 

The Earl of Tankerville. 

David Askew, Esq. 

Kennett C. Baylev, Esq., M.A. 

Edward Bateson, Esq. 

Robert Blair, Esq., F.S.A. 

William Brown, Esq., F.S.A. 

F. W. Dendy, Esq. 

Rev. William Greenwell, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Esq., M.A., F.S.A. 

Thomas Hodgkin, Esq., D.C.L., F.S.A. 

John Crawford Hodgson, Esq., M..^., F.S.A. 

John George Hodgson, Esq. 

W. H. Knowles, Esq., F.S.A. 

Richard Welford, Esq., M.A. 

Humphrey John Willyams, Esq. 


Page 7. Barker and Purvis pedigree. Diana Jane, eldest daughter of Charles Dalston Purvis by his 
second marriage, died in infancy, gth October, 1803. Purvis papers. 

Page 12. Fenwick pedigree. Nicholas Fenwick and .Sarah Winship, married 28th October, 1694. 
The following are the dates of baptism of their children : Thomas Fenwick, 28th 
November, 1695 ; Nicholas Fenwick, nth August, 1698 ; Robert Fenwick, 23rd October, 
1700; William Fenwick, 26th March, 1702 ; Matthew Fenwick, 21st June, 1706 ; John 
Fenwick, 27th May, 1708; Margaret, 14th August, 1712. St. Andrew's Registers, 
Newcastle. Jane, widow of Robert Fenwick above mentioned, died 6th October, 1749, 
aged 47, and was buried in Bath abbey. Thomas Fenwick above mentioned had issue, 
besides Thomas and Hannah named in the text, a daughter Sarah, baptised loth 
September, 1729; Hannah Fenwick was baptised 14th December, 1731. St. Andrew's 
Registers, Newcastle. 

Page 16, Visitations, add ' 1620, July 5th. Oflice against John Hindemers and others for not payeing 
there sessments due to there parishe church of Tinmouth, as auncyently the parishioners 
within the chaplerie of Earsden have and ought to doe. Durham Visitation Boolis.' 

Page 22, line 22. This oral tradition finds some sort of confirmation in the record of an office, dated 
July 5th, 1620, against John Hedley, Margaret his wife, and Edward Harklesse, for witch- 
craft or sorcery, which they alleged they had learned of Mr Thomas Lyons, late curate at 
Earsdon. Durham Visitation Books. 

Page 41. Grey pedigree. Ralph Grey and Barbara, widow of Sheffield Calverley, w-ere married at St. 
Nicholas', Newcastle, 6th February, 1625/6. 

Page 52. Ogle pedigree. John Ogle of Bradford married Dorothy Browne, widow ; bond of marriage, 
1 8th April, 1670. 

Page 66. Mitford pedigree, table I. Dorothy Mitford married John Proctor, 19th December, 1642. 
Her brother, Thomas Mitford of Heaton, married Mary Anderson, loth March, 1652/3. 
Their eldest son, Michael Mitford, was baptised 12th November, 1655. They also had 
issue three sons and two daughters, namely, Henry, baptised i8th April, 1657 ; Robert, 
baptised i8th January, 1661/2 ; Cuthbert, baptised 2Sth February, 1663/4 ; Elizabeth, 
baptised nth July, 1665; and Jane, baptised i6th July, 1667. All Saints' Register, 
Newcastle. Christopher Mitford of Newcastle was baptised at All Saints', 6th February, 
1685/6 (not 30th January, as stated in the text), and died 4th February, 1748/9. Northern 
Notes and Queries, p. 206. His sister, Diana Watson, was baptised i8th September, 
1688, not 13th September, as stated in the te.xt. 

Page 68. Mitford pedigree, table II. Mary, daughter of Robert Mitford of Newcastle, married at St. 
Nicholas', 2Sth January, 16S9/90, Thomas Emerson, merchant, and left issue. MS. pedi- 
gree in the Carr MS., Newcastle Free Library. Her brothers, Ralph Mitford and Lionel 
Mitford, were respectively baptised 15th May, 1652, and 17th February, 1659/60. John 
Mitford, another brother, was buried 21st May, 1680. St. Nicholas' Registers, Newcastle. 
Page 87. Bates pedigree, table I. Dorothy, wife of Adam Middleton, was buried at All Saints', 
Newcastle, 29th April, 1658. Her niece Mary, daughter of Ralph Bates of Halliwell I., 
married William Errington of Walwick Grange. Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. 
vol. iii. p. 415. .-Xnne Shafto, widow of Ralph Bates of Halliwell II., was buried at 
Washington, co. Durham, 12th December, J721. Thomas Bates of Halliwell and West- 
minster died 2nd July, 1734, not 19th June, as stated in the text. See Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1734, p. 391. 
Page n6. Heton pedigree. Joan, wife of Thomas de Heton, was daughter and co-heir of Robert 
Clifford of Ellingham. De Banco Rolls, No. 552, m. 98. Her grand-daughter, Elizabeth 
Parke, was living, a second time a widow, in 1442. 34//; Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 23S. 


Page 145. Whitchester pedigree. John de Wliitchester took Alice Delaval as his second wife {De Banco 
Rolls, No. 647, m. 214), and appears to have been dead at the time that she succeeded to 
her brother's estates. His grandson, Sir Wilham de Whitchester, was already dead in 
1422 (ibid.). 

Page 146, hne 24. Consequent upon this suit, in 1409, Roger Fulthorp and Ehzabeth his wife, widow of 
William Whitchester, senior, sued Sir William Whitchester, junior, on a writ of dower for 
one-third of the manor of Dukesfield and two-thirds of the manors of Seaton Delaval, 
Dissington and Callerton. The defendant denied the claim to Dukesfield but admitted the 
plaintiffs' right to the other manors (De Banco Rolls, No. 593, m. 337 d). Judgment was 
given for the plaintiffs, but Fulthorp had subsequently to sue in the Court of Chancery for 
its enforcement (Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 3, No. 145). Inasmuch as Joan 
Goldesburgh was seised of one-third of the manors of Seaton Delaval, Dissington and 
Callerton (Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 5, No. 96), it follows that Sir William 
Whitchester, junior, held no Delaval estates except those recovered by him in 1408, 
namely, Dukesfield, Brandon, and a moiety of Biddleston. 

Page 165, line S,/^ 'Melton Mowbray' read 'Melton Constable'. Line S,/or 'thirteenth' read 'twenty- 

Page 16S. Delaval pedigree, table I. Sir Robert Delaval of Newsham married Idonia, and had a son, 
William Delaval, who was living in 1374. De Banco Rolls, No. 453, m. 422 d. 

Page 208, last line. For the purposes of her case. Dame Elizabeth Burcester admitted the validity of the 
settlement made by Sir Robert Delaval the elder. This, however, was open to question. 
The grant of a moiety of the manor made by Sir Henry Delaval to his son. Sir Hugh 
Delaval (see page 206), is stated to have been in tail, and, if that were so. Sir Robert 
Delaval had only power to dispose of the remaining moiety. On this ground Sir Henry 
Delaval II. laid claim to the entailed moiety in 1374 against his uncle. Sir Robert Delaval, 
junior (De Banco Rolls, No. 453, m. 422 d). His sister and heir. Dame Alice Manners, 
renewed proceedings in 1389 against John Delaval, then tenant of Newsham and son 
and heir of the former defendant (De Banco Rolls, No. 514, m. 269). 

Page 209, line 14. John Widdrington, who received a grant of Newsham, can be identified with Sir 
John Widdrington, sheriff of the county 1471-1474 (De Banco Rolls, No. 788, m. 379). 

Page 210, line 24. Legal proceedings were initiated by Sir John Delaval in the Court of King's Bench in 
1530, and were carried on there until the parties agreed to arbitration. A record of the 
proceedings is given in Common Rolls, No. 100, m. 332. 

Page 216. Cramlington pedigree. Lancelot Cramlington of West Hartford and Earsdon was buried 
1 8th August, 1720. Lancelot Cramlington of Earsdon, nephew of the above, married 
Anne Wharrier, 29th October, 1717. His son, Henry Cramlington of Birling, was baptised 
19th November, 1722. Besides the children noted in the pedigree, Lancelot Cramlington, 
junior, had a daughter Margaret, baptised 7th August, 1720, and buried 30th June, 1721 
(All Saints' Register, Newcastle). The date of the death of Anne, first wife of William 
Cramlington of St. Anne's, is January ist, 1764. 

Page 341, note 4. The dates of baptism of the children of Peter Potts by Ann Fenwick his wife are : 
Fenwick Potts, 6th December, 1684 ; Peter Potts, 27th June, 1695 [buried 19th August, 
1734]; Robert Potts, 27th June, 1695; John Potts, 14th March, 1697/8; Dorothy, 
6th May, 1683; Elizabeth, 25th April, 1686, buried nth November, 1688; Ann, 27th 
October, 1687, buried 8th May, 1691 ; Jane, 23rd May, i68g ; Mary, 12th February, 
1690/1 ; Ann, 26th February, 1692/3. St. John's Registers, Newcastle. 


^\ i<m^ Scalar 

•-«Ji^' ^^■S^$.^hmVTU SHIELDS 

^ -.asa' ;■!llll\^~.?-'rl-:.. 


Thr l^Joibui-^ Ooogl'ojiWjil In»tiliiiB 

.lolBLBirtiujlo™''* 4 C'-' 

History of Northumberland. 


'X'HE district proposed to be treated in this volume includes the two 
chapelries of Earsdon and Horton. Earsdon chapel was formerly 
dependent upon the parish church of Tynemouth, described in the previous 
volume ; Horton long retained its connexion with the church of Woodhorn, 
from which it is separated by the intervening district of Bedlingtonshire. 
The two chapelries comprise thirteen townships, of which eight fall within 
the chapelry of Earsdon and five within that of Horton. They embrace 
an area of about twenty-nine square miles, bounded on the north by the river 
Blyth and by the sea on the east. On the west and south the boundary 
is irregular and artificial. The whole may be described as a rough quad- 
rangle, having for its four corners the mouth of the river Blyth, Hartford 
bridge, the Holy-stone on Tynemouthshire moor, and the mouth of the 
Brierdene burn, eaten into on its western limit by the township and 
chapelry of Cramlington. It has an extreme length of seven and three- 
quarter miles, and, at its widest part, a breadth of six miles. 

As in the case of Tynemouth, industrial activity has deprived the 
district of any natural beauty which it may have once possessed. Its 
monotonous level stretches are for the most part only varied by pit heaps 
and wagonways, and by colliery villages of one prevailing tvpe. It 
is almost wholly destitute of medieval remains, and has little in it to 
remind a casual observer that the investigation of its past history holds 
out hope of reward. A detailed study of documentary evidence is all the 
more necessary where commerce has wrought havoc with more obvious 
memorials of the middle ages. Hereby it is possible to neglect the changed 
landscape, or rather to rebuild it in imagination with border holds, and to 
' trace the distant beginning of that industrial life which overthrew them. 

Vol. IX, I 



The chapelry of Earsdon contains the eight townships of Earsdon, 
Backworth, Biirradon, Holywell, Hartley, Seaton Delaval, and Newsham 
with South Blyth. Earsdon and Backworth form part of Tynemouth 
manor, and Seghill anciently fell within the liberty of the prior and convent 
of Tynemouth. Burradon was a member of the barony of Whalton. 
Seaton Delaval formed the seat of the Delaval barony, of which Newsham 
was a member ; and Holywell and Hartley, though belonging to distinct 
baronies, were long attached to the fortunes of the house of Delaval. 


Earsdon lies between the townships of Monkseaton and Backworth. 
The Brierdene burn forms its northern boundary, and Shire Moor, before it 
was divided, bounded it on the south. Thompson's survey gives its acreage 
as 764 acres, of which 737 were cultivable land. Later accretions on the 
side of Shire Moor have increased its size to 1,062 acres. The population 
in 1 901 totalled 2,898.^ 

Like its namesake in the chapelry of Hebburn, Earsdon takes its 
name from a slight but conspicuous hill, formed by a rocky outcrop, on 
which the village has been perched. The name has suffered contraction 
from Erdcsdiin, under which form it appears in Henry T.'s confirmatory 
grant of this and other townships to the prior and convent of Tynemouth.^ 

The whole township, except for two freeholds, was held by bondage 
tenure. The yearly rental was computed in 1292 to be iSs. 4d. a year, 
besides eighty -two quarters of barley- malt. ^ A survey carried out in 
1295 showed a total of 629 acres held in bondage. This had to be 
divided among seventeen bonds. Each bond took thirty -six acres, and 
the remaining seventeen acres, instead of being divided among the 

'Population statistics are: iSoi, 206; 1811, 215; 1821,271 ; 1831,628; 1841, 683; 1851, 551; 
1861,577; 1871,603; 1881,1518; 1891,1,819; 1901,2,898. 

- See vol. viii. of this work, p. 55 (13). ^ Tynemouth Chartidary, fol. 55. 


seventeen holdings, was farmed by the whole conimunitv.' A husband- 
land of thirty-seven acres was inconsistent with the symmetry of manorial 

The names of the seventeen appear in the custumal drawn up at this 
time. They were : Ralph Hert, John carectarius, Roger messor, Adam son 
of Roger, Roger son of Coft', John son of Thurbert, Sivvard, Humfrid, 
Ralph son of Margery, Olard son of Adam, Henry Wepinman, William 
son of Adam, Roger son of Asluc, Adam Ester, Robert Long, William 
Manning, and William Stilir.' Their services did not differ materially 
from those rendered by the bonds of Preston, but are differently set out 
in the custumal and serve to elucidate some of the technical terms in which 
these consuetudinaries abound. 

This is the custom of Ralph Hert. On Pahii Sunday, Sd. for Wyvel-penies. At Whitsuntide, yd. 
For carting from ' Merdesson,' I2d., and for heth-penies, 6d. At the feast of St. John the Baptist for 
abbot's cornage, 3^d. At the great boon-work, fifteen cakes. At St. Oswyn's feast in the autumn, two 
hens. At Easter, sixty eggs. At Michaehnas for Hertnes-penies, 3d. For carting from ' Merdessdon '" 
at Martinmas, i2d. On St. Andrew's Day, for coventhes-penies, iid. The whole township pays 
yearly for herbage, 4d., namely, at Martinmas and at Whitsuntide. At Christmas, one quarter 
of oats. At the feast of St. Oswyn, in the autumn, one quarter of barley malt. He shall plough one 
acre at Martinmas, and shall harrow the said acre. One tawe of scate-malt ; and those who give 
scate-malt shall be remitted 2d. of coven-ethes ; that is to say, while others give lid., they shall give gd. 
At the prior's will the lord prior shall have the said Ralph's plough for one day's work at the lord prior's 
maintenance, namely, two ' bilminge ' loaves and one squire's loaf and two flagons at the cellarer's will. 
He shall harrow with one horse at the lord prior's will. He shall cart turves from 'Merdessdon' for 
three days at the feast of St. John the Baptist. In the autumn [he shall cart] for one day, which is 
called Ill-lade: that is to say, he shall cart si.x 'traves' of wheat, and of other kinds of corn eight 
'traves.' He shall do yearly 104 days' work at the lord prior's will. He shall do two auth-repes every 
week in autumn with two men. .'^t the great boon-work he and the whole family of his house, except 
his wife, [shall work] for one day. 

There were two freeholders. Adam Cham paid 4s. rent, did two 
authreps every week in autumn with two men, did boon- ere and boon- 
harrow at Martinmas, and Neusum-lade and In-lade at harvest time. 
John Madur did half of the above-mentioned services. Two cottagers, 
named Roger Faber and Agnes Manning, did each three days' works in the 
autumn, and paid respectively I2d. and 6d. rent for their cottages.' 

' Tyneiiiouth Cliavtiilary, fol. 7 b. 

-The tallage roll of 1294 gives a longer list: De Roberto Herte, de relicta . . . , de Johanne 
punder, de Willelmo filio Adae, de Adam filio Vlrici, de Johanne filio Th[urbert], de Henrico Wacte, 
de Henrico Eyre, de Henrico Guile, de Syward de eadem, de Willelmo Cham, de Unfrid de eadem, 
de Radulpho filio Margaretae, de Galfrido With, de .^sluc de eadem, de Umfrido filio Willehni, 
de Rogero With, de Willelmo Eilte, de Adam Madur, de Roberto longo, de Willelmo Mannyng, de 
Thurby Beg . . . , de Roberto filio Unfiidi. St. Alban's Kvgista', fol 109 b. The column of payments 
is torn away. 

' Tynciiiouth Chartulayy, fol. 42. 


Many of the same names re-appear in the subsidy roll of 1296 

Erdiston Subsidy Kom., 





s. d. 

Summa l:)onor 

um Robciti Hert 



4 unde 

regi 3 2,1 

Isolde relicte 




3 4 

Rogeri punder 



I 9 

Willelmi filii Ade 




3 7 

Ade filii Johannis _ 




2 ui 

Sywardi ... 




4 oi 

Umfridi ... 




4 3l 

Radulphi filii Marjorie 




3 7 

Galfridi Wyt 




3 5 




I , 

3 H 

Rogeri Wyt 




3 5 

Roberti Long ... 




3 4 

Willelmi Mannyng 




3 oj 





3 oi 

Summa hujus villa, £2^ 15s. ; unde domino regi, £2 6s. 9|d. [siV].' 

In 1377, six bondage holdings lacked tenants and were leased in return 
for an acknowledgment paid in barley-malt and oats. The remaining 
eleven holdings paid the insignificant rent of 5s. io|d. Rents from cottagers, 
on the other hand, had increased to i8s. 6d. There was one free tenement, 
called ' Knygthes land,' paying a yearly rent of i6s." 

Three more husbandry holdings had disappeared before the year 1538, 
reducing the number of farms in Earsdon to eight, and these had suffered 
a diminution in size. Only 216 acres of arable and meadow were to be 
found where in 1295 there had been 629. On the other hand, the largely 
increased common allowed pasture to each tenant for six oxen, two cattle, 
twenty sheep, and three horses, besides his twenty-six acres of arable and 
one acre of meadow. The rent paid for a farm was twenty shillings in 
money, and four quarters of barley and two quarters of oats paid in kind, 
besides ten pence for the tithe of hay and two pence for pannage.' 

No further change in the rural economy of the township took place 
until 1649, when the eight tenants came to an agreement for the enclosure 
of the common fields. 

Articles concluded and agreed upon by and with the general consent of all the copyholders of 
Earsdon in the county of Northumberland, at and before the division thereof, for the better regulating 
every man's fall, and that controversies may for ever cease, and that the division of their lands may 
unite them and their posterity in the fear of God, in neighbourly love and amicable friendship, for ever. 

' Lay Stihsidy Roll, ij-. 

■' Gibson, Tyncmouth, vol. i. p. 222. 

■ Tyncmouth Chaiiulary, fols. 52 b and 60. 


1. All the fields thereof according to their general quantities shall be divided into such eight parts as 
hereafter is expressed ; the first part to begin on the north dyke of the common lane going to the moor ; 
and that eight lots be made, whereof seven blank and the eighth with the word Begin, which lot shall 
begin, and so go successively about according to their course of neighbourhood to the northwards, 
eastwards, southwards, and westwards, ending on the south side of the common loning ; and that these 
out dykes be in sufficient repair every year before the 25th day of March. 

2. That the field called the South close shall have four acres added to it, without any abatement ; 
and that whoever shall fall Pauper letch, Straikes, and the best part of Filburne, shall pay every man 
ten shillings a year for two years to the party whose fall shall be the .South close at Lammas, 165 1 ; 
and the East field to pay ten shillings the second year also. 

3. That the Bean lands and Oat lands wells being to be divided into two parts, and that these 
two parts lay far from the town, there shall be added to either of these two parts or farms six acres 
apiece, without any abatement ; and that the rest of the lands belonging to the said town, the 
abatements being discomfited, shall be equally divided into five parts ; always provided the northmost 
part of the Bean lands shall have two acres more added to the six acres, and the other part to have 
half an acre more added to his si.x. 

4. That any man may fallow six acres and not above in either pasture or meadow, except Pauper 
letch, and that to be his own fall, and this article to continue in force till Michaelmas next. 

5. That every man at Michaelmas shall enter upon his fall without contradiction, but the fogs to be 
eaten in common till St. Andrew's Day. 

6. Item, that it shall and may be lawfuU for ever, without any opposition or contradiction 
whatsoever, for any inhabitant or their servants to go and fetch water at the well on Filburn bogg in the 
East field, and peaceably return with the same, and also that they or their servants may quietly load, 
drive, or carry any number of beasts or other cattle to water at the well on Filburne bogg in the scant 
time of water in the winter or summer, keeping Tynemouth way as near as can be, and doing the least 
prejudice as can be. 

7. That whoever shall fall the first part, shall not divert or turn the descent of Oat lands wells 
any other way than the usual course it now goes and hath gone formerly ; and that all other inhabitants 
may have leave to water their beasts there, winter and summer, and shall at May-day every year scour up 
and clear the same from any inconvenience whatsoever ; and that every man shall cast the gutter of his 
hedge on [his own] side, and the sods in his own side. 

8. That if it shall chance any army of horse shall quarter or depasture more in one man's ground 
than another that the rest which are free at that time shall contribute to their neighbour's damages 
according as two indifferent men shall adjudge reasonable, and this article to continue in force for ever. 

9. That whoever shall fall the Streeches may build and repair for ever the southmost hedge of that 
division at his own cost and charges, and all other partition hedges to be built and always repaired at 
the half charges of each neighbouring parties, except the new dyke in the head of the East field next the 
town, which the owner of that fall is to build and repair ; and likewise both sides of the common 
loaning dykes to be set with quick, which are to be continually repaired for ever. 

Witness our hands. Signed in the presence of 

Thomas Mills. John Bailey. Bartram Saburne. 

Thomas Barker. John Preston. John Gofton. 

Bartram Barker. Robert Barker. Robert Arcle.' 

Thomas Tweddle. John Pearson. 

As in the case of Monkseaton, there has been little interference with 
the boundaries of the farms since the date of their enclosure, though 
several have been thrown together in the hands of a single landowner. 
Earsdon North-east farm, which is now the property of the trustees of 

' Uuke of Northumberland's MSS. 


Thomas Purvis, represents the original hinds of the Barkers of Earsdon, 
with a farm held in 1649 by John Preston of Newcastle, whose daughter 
and heiress, Ann Preston, married Charles Dalston of the same town. 
On July 1 6th, 1741, being then 'an old man waiting his change, when, 
where and how it should attend him,' Charles Dalston made his will, 
bequeathing his copyhold farm at Earsdon to his daughters, Christiana 
Dalston, and Ann, wife of Joseph Barker of Earsdon, to be equally divided 
between them. The elder daughter subsequently married Edward Barrow 
of South Blyth, but died without issue, whereupon the whole of Charles 
Dalston's farm came to Christopher Barker of Earsdon.' 

' Charles Dalston, son of John Dalston of Acorn bank in Westmorland (see Hodgson, North- 
umberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 354), was apprenticed on August 1st, 1677, to William Huntley of 
Newcastle, mercer. He was admitted free of the Merchants' Company, October 17th, 1687; was 
disfranchised for disobedience to the governor of the company, January 22nd, 1730, and was restored on 
August 1 8th of the same, year. On October i8th, 1687, he married, at Long Benton, .^nn, daughter of 
John Preston. She was buried in Earsdon church on July 8th, 1716. He died on June 25th, 1742, 
having survived all his children except two daughters ; (i) Christiana, who was baptised January 
2ist, 1700/1 ; married April 2nd, 1744, Edward Barrow of South Blyth; and was buried at Earsdon, 
February 6th, 1769 ; and (2) Ann, who was baptised November 14th, 1708 ; married, November 2olh, 
1729, Joseph Barker of Earsdon, and was buried November 8th, 1760. Earsdon Registers, and Dendy, 
Merchant Adventurers. 



Christopher Barker, one of the jury of the manor of Tynemouth, 20th October, 1562 (^). 

Christopher Barker held a tenement in Earsdon in 1608, by copy dated 15th October, 1599 0) ; buried 31st August, 1647 («). 

Robert Barker of Earsdon, party to the division of the township of Earsdon, = Margaret, daughter of John Bayliff of 

2ist November, 1649 (^) ; was rated for his lands there in 1663, and was 
buried 31st iVIarch, 1681 (a). 

Halliwell, married 29th July, 1645 («) ; 
buried 9th September, 1680 (a). 



Eleanor = Christopher Barkerof Newcastle, = Isabel John Barker of New- 

buried beside 
her children at 
St. Andrew's, 
2nd Novem- 
ber, 1686 («). 

tanner, and of Earsdon, bap- 
tised 4th April, 1650 (a) ; 
admitted to tenements at 
Earsdon as son and heir of his 
father, 6th April, 1681 {g) ; 
died 26lh, buried 29th October, 
1 718, at St. Andrew's, New- 
castle (a). 

2nd wife, 
mar. 17th 
1686/7 («). 

castle, joiner and 
freeman, a twin with 
Christopher, bapt. 
4th April, 1650 
(3) ; buried at St. 
Nicholas's, New- 
castle, 6lh January, 
1685/6 («). vl- 


James, baptised 19th August, 
1655 (a). 

Thomas, baptised 31st July, 
1658 (a) ; buried in Ears- 
don church, 14th October, 
1658 (a). 

Matthew, baptised 5th Sept., 
1665 (a) ; buried 24th 
June, 1674 (.")■ 

I I I 


Robert, born 27th July, 1677 

[died 27th March, 1702 (a)]. 
Richard, born 26th October, 1679 

(a) ; died 19th Nov., 1679 (a). 
John, born 15th January, 1682/3 W 1 

died 24th June, 1684 (a). 
Jonathan, born 26th February, 

1684/5 (a) ; died 20th January, 

1702/3 (a). 
Eleanor, born 14th January, 1680/1 

(a) ; died 5th June, 16S4 (a). 

Joseph Barker : 
of Earsdon, 
admitted to a 
tenement at 
Earsdon as 
son and heir of 
his father, 17th 
October, 1720 
ig) ; buried 
20ih April, 
1764 (a). 

I I I I I 

Anne, daugh- Eleanor, Elizabeth, baptised 23rd August, 

terand co-heir baptised 1646(a). 

of Charles 20th Dec. Eleanor, baptised 30th October, 

Dalston of 1687 (a). 1659 (a) ; buried 17th Novem- 

Backworth ber, 1680 (a), 

and Earsdon, Margaret, baptised 24th Septem- 

mar. 20th No- ber, 1662 (a); buried 30th 

vember, 1 729 December, 1682 (a), 

(a); buried Isabel, baptised 17th February, 

8th November 1668 '9 (a) ; buried 25th Nov- 

1760 (a). ember, 1679 (a). 


Christopher Barker of Newcastle, attorney-at-law, = Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Purvis of Horton, afterwards of Bedling- 

and of Earsdon, baptised 30th May, 1732 (rt) ; 
died 17th June, 1771 ; buried at Bedlington 
(f/) ; will dated 23rd April, 1771 ; proved 
same year (A). 

ton, and heiress of her brother, Henry Purvis of Bedlington, baptised 
at Horton, 29th June, 1732 ; married at Bedlington, 12th January, 
1764; 'a most accomplished young lady with a fortmie of/ 5,000 ' (/() ; 
died 26th March, l8ig, aged 86 (//) ; administration of her personal 
estate, 23rd November, 1819 (/'). 

Charles Barker, ensign in the = Susannah, daughter of 
Northumberland militia, bap- Meaburn Smith of Mor- 

tised 14th May, 1734 («) ; was ton-house, co. Durham, 

residing at Gloster-hill, 1766- by Ann Purvis, his wife, 

1768, afterwards of Morton- married 3rd February, 

house; bur. i6th June, 1788 (/(•). 1766 (c)-* 

Joseph Barker, Anne, baptised 14th November, 1737 

baptised 13th («) ; named in the will of her brother 

October, 1740 Christopher (li) ; married Thomas 

(a) ; died s.p.; Gowen of Shadfen, near Morpeth (/<), 

buried 25th and died 15th August, 1780; buried 

Nov.,i8lo(/0- at Bedlington (</). 

Joseph Barker, born at Gloster-hill ; baptised 13th February, 1766 (c) ; named 
in the will of Henry Purvis of Bedlington, 12th January, 1775 (_/>). 

Meaburn Barker, born at Gloster-hill ; 
baptised 22nd August, 1768 («). 

Mary, dau. 
of Robert 
Surtees of 
burn, mar. 
at Ryton, 
28th May, 
1789; died 
at Wind- 
15th Feb., 

Charles Dalston Barker of Newcastle, attorney, 
and of Earsdon, baptised at Tynemouth, 13th 
June, 1765 ; had royal licence, 29th March, 1792, 
to assume the name of Purvis ; admitted to a 
tenement at Earsdon as son and heir of his 
father, 21st May, 1791 (^) ; died at Coxlodge, 
2lst Jul}-, 1S21, aged 56 ((/) (/) ; will dated 
I2th July, 1820 ; proved 1821 {/>'). 

Dorothy, daughter 
and co-heir of Cuth- 
bert Watson of 
Cowpen, married at 
Horton, 17th Sept., 
1800; died 7th 
December, 185^, 
aged 83 (/). 

Dorothy Diana Purvis, heiress to her mother and, in her issue, ulti- 
mately sole heiress of her father, born 3rd October, 1809 (/') ; married 
at St. Andrew's, Newcastle, nth October, 1827, John Anderson of 
Coxlodge ((5) ; died 23rd December, 1850 (/). 

Thos. Purvis Barker = 
of Bedlington, as- 
sumed the name of 
Purvis by royal lic- 
ence in 1 789 on suc- 
ceeding to the es- 
tates of his maternal 
uncle, Henry Purvis 
of Bedlington (_/i) ; 
died 2nd .Mar., 1 792 
((/) ; buried at Bed- 
lington ; \\ill dated 
17th Nov., 1 791 ; 
proved 1792 (/4). 

Mary, dau. 
and co-heir 

of Samuel 
of George 
Street, Edin- 
burgh ; ar- 
ticles before 
mar., 30th 
Oct., 1790 
(/') ; married 
at Morpeth, 
1st Novem- 
ber, 1790. 

Thomas Purvis, barrister-at-law and O.C., 
of Earsdon ; of Trinity College, Camb., 
M.A. ; admitted to Gray's Inn, 17th 
November, 1813 ; admitted free of New- 
castle, 6th October, 1823 (S) ; died loth 
May, 1849 (/), aged 56 ; buried in Holy 
Trinity burial ground, Brompton, Middle- 
sex (c) ; will dated 25th October, 1S48 ; 
proved at the Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury, i8th June, 1849 (A). 

Robert Anthony Purvis 
of Newcastle, attorney- 
at-law, had royal lic- 
ence, 26th June, 1828, 
to assume the name 
of Atkinson {/i) ; re- 
sided at Long Benton 
and died 25th June, 
1836 (/), aged 42 (c) 

Anne, dau. of Thomas 
Rutherford of New- 
castle, and niece and 
devisee of Ralph At- 
kinson of Newcastle 
and .Angerton, married 
at St. Andrew's, New- 
castle, 31st May, 182S 
(i5) ; died 19th July, 
i860, aged_67 (c). 


Anne Pur\'is of Plaws- 
worth, born 13th 
March, 1790 (/). 

Elizabeth Catherine 
Pur\is, born 1 2th 
April, 1 791 (/). 

Mary Jane Punis of 
Plawsworth, died un- 
married, December, 


Atkinson (a son), Jane Adelaide Atkinson, daughter and heiress, born 8th September, 1831 (c) ; baptised at Chester- 
born and died 27th le-Street (/i) ; married George Christian Wilson, who by royal licence assumed the additional 
November, 1829 (//}. name of .Atkinson ; died at Acton house, in Felton, loth November, 1884 (<:)• 

* 2nd November, 1764, married at Edinburgh, Mr. Charles Barker of Bedlington to Mi^ Susan Smith of Murton- 
house, near Houghton, a beautiful young lady with a fortune of jf 5,000. Newcastle Courant, November, 1764. 

{a) Earsdon Register. 

(ti) Purvis papers in the custody of Messrs. 

(c) Monumental Inscription, Earsdon. 
(i^) Monumental Inscription, Bedlington. 
(f) WariuortA Registers, 

(/) Matthew Forster's Obituary. 
(f) Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 
(li) Newcastle Courant, January, 1 764. 
(z) Land Revenue Survey, 1608. 
(/6) Houghton-le-Spring Registers. 
(I) St John's Register, Newcastle. 

On the south side of the main road, which formerly formed part of 
the village green, stands a farm building covered with plaster stucco and 
roofed with tiles. This used to be known as the White house, and was 


the residence of the Barkers. A bold plinth, with exposed foundation 
course, appears at the north-west corner, and at the angles are good stone 
quoins. The gables are of wrought stones without a water-table. Two 
old chamfered window heads remain in situ. To the south of the house is 
an enclosed garden which no doubt formed the fore court, though now it 
is separated from the old mansion, and is in the occupation of Mr. Ernest 
Bell. A dwarf tower stands at its south-east angle, measuring about four- 
teen feet square externally. Its interior is roughly circular and has a domed 
ceiling. The walls are about three feet six inches in thickness. The 
door, which is two feet six inches wide, has a stone head chamfered on the 
under side in an arched form, and jambs checked for door frames. There 
is a disused fireplace in the south-east angle, and remains of a window 
opening are to be seen on the north side. The whole structure is of 
very rude workmanship, and probably belongs to the seventeenth century, 
Earsdon East farm, to the south of the Purvis property, was sold 
in 1732 by Robert Bayliff of Gateshead to John Stephenson of North 
Shields, rope maker. The latter devised it to his daughter, Elizabeth, 
wife of James Perrin of Newcastle, who took Thomas Robinson of 
Morpeth as her second husband.^ Mrs. Robinson sold the farm in 1783 
to William Aynsley of Newcastle, whose trustees re-sold it in 1803 to 
Peter Shield of Tynemouth. It was purchased in 1852 from Mr. Shield's 
representatives by Mr. Hugh Taylor of Earsdon. 

' For the Stephenson family see vol. viii. of this work, p. 268, note. 

Thomas Taylor of Newburn, purchased Shilbottle-lodge in 1776; died 12th ^ Mary Nixon, married 1776 (</) ; died 
February, 1810, aged 70 (a) ; will dated 19th September, 1808 ; proved 1810. I 30th March, 1818, aged 68 (a). 

Thomas Taylor of Whitehill-point, afterwards of Cramlington ; = Eliza, daughter of John Fenwick of North Shields ; 
died 14th November, 1845, aged 68 («). I died l8th July, 1845, aged 60 (<r). 

1 \ \ I I I I I M 

Thomas Tay- = Ann, dau. John Tay- Charles Henry ^ Agnes,daugh- Hugh Taylor, clerk in orders, born 1824 (a') ; 

lor of Cram- of lor, born Taylor of ter of Philip died 1883 (</). 

lington,born Cleasby. l820((/) ; Cornhill, born Nairn of Jane, married, 1846, James Morrison. 

1818 ((/) ; died 1846 23rd April, Waren, mar- Eliza, mar. 1839, hercousin Thomas JohnTaylor. 

died 8th' ((/). 1822; died ried at Bam- .\nne, died unmarried, 1S74. 

May, 1852, i./. 13th July, burgh, 5th Mary, married, 1842, her cousin Hugh Taylor. 

s.p. (il) (e). 1892. June, 1854. Hannah, married, 1848, William Cory. 

Sarah, living at Humshaugh, unmarried, 1906. 


John Taylor = Margaret, daugh- 

of Shilbottle, 
died 1825, 
aged 46 ; bur. 
at Newcastle 

ter of Thomas 
Darling of Ford, 
born 1784 ; died 
1830 ; buried at 
Newcastle (jl). 

Percy, born and died 1786 (a). 

Hugh Taylor of Rarsdon 
and of Alnwick, born 22nd 
November, 1789 («) ; died 
unmarried, 30th August, 
1S6S («). 



Jane, born 17th November, 1782 (a); died 8th 

December, 1845 («) (/■). 
Anne, born gth August, 1784 («) ; died 27th 

January, 1813 («). 
Hannah, born 9th August, 1791 (a); died 23rd 

April, 1814 («). 

Thomas John Taylor of Ears- = Eliza, daughter of Thomas Taylor 

don, born 1810 ; died 2nd 
April, 1861. 


of Cramlington, married at Long 
Benton, 15th October, 1839; 
died 1S40. 

Charles Taylor of Sunder- 
land, born 1 2th August, 
1812 ; died 9th July, 
1856 (<:> 

Ann Eliza, only surviving child, born 1840 ; married, 1865, Edward Lowrey, and died in 1869. 4/ 

Ann, daughter of 
William Nic- 
holson of Sun- 
derland, born 
1816; died 
15th May, 1895 

Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Taj'lor of Cramlington, 
died 28th January, 1852; 
buriedatKensal Green(^). 

Hugh Taylor of Chipchase = 
castle, born 1S17 ; M.P. for 
Tynemouth, 1S50 and 1859; 
died November, 1900. 

: Jane Louisa, daugh- 
ter of John White 
of P'inchley, mar- 
ried 1S7S. 

John Taylor of Earsdon, died 
unmarried, 1st February, 1879, 
aged 59. 

Mary, born 1815, died 1857 (/). 

Hugh John Taylor, 
died in London, 
December, 1861, 
aged 13 ((5). 

Thomas Taylor of Chip- : 
chase castle, born in 
London, 12th Novem- 
ber, 1849. 

Mona, daughter of Sir G. 
R. Waldie-Griffith of Hen- 
dersyde, married 23rd Feb- 
ruary, 1880 (rf). 

Percy, died 6th February, 1878, 

aged 26 (^). 
Eliza Fenwick, married Sidney 

Streatfield. ^^ 


Hugh Taylor, son and heir, born December, 1880. Thomas George Taylor, born March, 1885. Margaret. Violet Mona. 

Charles Taylor of Earsdon = Henrietta, daughter of 

and of Horton, Bucks, 
born 7th Feb., 1844 (c). 

Sir George Elliot, bart., 
died 24th October, 
1903 (c). 

William Nicholson Taylor, born : 
1846 ; died 23rd April, 1875, 
s.p.\ buried Ryhope ; will dated 
14th July, 1874. 

: Camilla Sophia, daughter of 
William Wilson, vicar of 
Ellingham; died nth June, 
1904 ; buried Ryhope. 

John Taylor, born 1848 ; died same year. 
Hugh Taylor, born 1849 ; died 1850. 

Thomas John Taylor of Guild- 
ford, born 1851 ; living 1906. 

Sarah, married Sir George William Elliot, bart 
Anne Nicholson Taylor, living unmarried, 1906 

Charles Taylor, = Grace 

son and heir. 


born iSth May, 


1869 (c) ; died 

July, 1897 (0- 

I I I I 

Ella Beatrice, married W. C. Beevor, major, Scots Guards (c). 

Kathleen Elliot, mar. Leslie Renton, major, Scots Guards (c). 

Alice Mary, married Philip Edward Pope, colonel, 4th 
Dragoon Guards (c). 

Melanie Elliot, married William Scales, captain, 8th regi- 
ment (<:)■ 


Georgina Elliot, married Nor- 
man Chalmers Hunt (c). 

Henrietta (c"). 

Elizabeth Elliot (<:)■ 

Ruth Darling, died 2 1st .April, 
18S8 (c). " 

(«) Monumental Inscription, Newburn. (r) Ex inf. Mr. Charles Taylor. 

(J>) Monumental Inscription, Chipchase. (rf) Ex inf. Mr. Thomas Taylor. 

(c) Matthew Forster's Obituary. 

Mr. Taylor also purchased Earsdon Grange farm, which lies south- 
west of the above property. This farm had been bought in 1708 by 
Edward Stewart of North Shields.' It had descended to his son, Union 
Stewart, and on his death, in 1736, a brother, James Stewart, succeeded. 
From James Stewart it passed to his nephew and devisee, John Hall of 

' For Stewart of North Shields see vol. viii. pp. 268 and 272, and for Hall of Whitley see p. 399. 
Vol. IX. 2 


Whitley, and so passed into the possession of Edward Hall of Whitley, 
whose trustees sold it in 1793 to Robinson Wakefield of North Shields. 
In 1824 it was bought from the representatives of George Wakefield, 
son of the above, by Mr. Hugh Taylor. On Mr. Taylor's death in 1868, 
all his landed property went to his nephew, John Taylor of Earsdon, 
for life, and then to his nephews, the Rev. Hugh Taylor, rector of 
Wark, and Mr. Charles Henry Taylor of Cornhill. On the termination 
of that estate, Mr. Charles Taylor of the Coal Exchange, London, great- 
nephew of the elder Hugh Taylor, succeeded to the property of which 
he is now owner. 

Earsdon Town West and Earsdon Moor Edge farms, lying west of 
Earsdon Grange, became the property, in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century, of a Newcastle weaver named John Pigg, a man notorious 
for his eccentricities, and for the violence or fervour of his religious 
beliefs. His peculiar habits and unfortunate name united to procure him 
the hatred or derision of his contemporaries. The Newcastle Company of 
Bricklayers passed a special resolution 'that noe brother of the said company 
shall be imployed to work by or with John Pigg." An account of the 
man has been given by the anonymous biographer of Ambrose Barnes, 
and is as follows : 

There was one John Pigg, well known both to the king and the duke of York, and for his giddy 
singularities noted not onely through the country but almost through the kingdom. He usually wore an 
high crowned hat, a strait coat, and would never ride, but walk't the pace of any horse, hundreds of 
miles on foot, with a quarter-staff fenced with an iron fork at one end. He was sometimes land 
surveyor for the town." . . . The king and duke of York, to whom he was often trotting, made 
themselves sport with him, as looking upon him to be a brain-sick enthusiast, and he was no less. . . . 
He would not onely go to prison when he needed not, but he conceitedly chused the vilest part of the 
prison for his apartinent, where he continued a long while when he might have had his liberty whenever 
he pleased. . . . But as much of Heaven's favourite as this visionary fancyed himself, everybody knew 
him to be cursedly covetous, and the end he made answered the disgrace he had thrown upon sufferings 
for religion, this pig dying in his stye in circumstances not unlike those who lay hands on themselves, 
or die crazy and distracted." 

John Pigg purchased the farm now called Earsdon Moor Edge from 
Thomas Pearson of Whitehall in the county of Durham, and on November 
2 1st, 1 67 1, took a surrender of Earsdon Town West farm from Joshua 
Gofton of Newcastle, plumber. He died in January, 1688/9, being buried 

' Welford, History of Gosjorih, p. 24, note. 

■ He was removed from this office, 'chiefly on account of his nonconformity.' Presentment of the 
grand jury for the county of Northumberland, 1688 ; Proc. Soc. Aiitiq. Newcastle, 2nd series, vol. .\. p. 188. 

' Life of Ambrose Barnes, Surt. Soc. No. 50, pp. 198-199. 


at St. Andrew's, Newcastle, on the 21st of that month. His will is dated 
October 27th, 1688. By it he devised his whole estate in Earsdon, New- 
castle, and elsewhere, to trustees, and directed that they should pay his 
niece, Ann Rea, for her <T;reat care and kindness towards him, such sums as 
they should think fit and convenient for her. Subject to the payment of 
this legacy, the estate was to be employed for charitable purposes. The 
testator directed that £^ should be paid yearly to the minister of Earsdon, 
'if he be an able, godlv, and preaching minister'; if he were not, the 
money was to go to the poor of the parish. Another annual sum of £s 
was to be devoted to the repair of highways in Northumberland, and 
the residue of the profits of the estate was to be distributed among the 
deserving poor of the counties of Northumberland, Durham, and New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, ' soe as ye said poore people upon whom my said charity 
shall be soe bestowed be onely such as fear God and are of the protestant 
religion, and have not cast themselves into poverty by their idleness nor 
reduced themselves to beggarye by their own riotous prodigalitye, but are 
by age, sickness or decripedness, disabled from work, or where men have 
children too numerous for their worke to maintaine ; for I have always 
observed, if men will not be idle, they need not want.' ' 

Upon Pigg's death, Ann Rea, ' whose whole life had been devoted to 
the service of her uncle in the expectation of being liberally rewarded at 
his death,' commenced a suit in Chancery, and procured a decree that 
she should be invested with full possession of the Moor Edge farm. The 
remainder of the estate continued to be held by the trustees ; but, no new 
trustees being appointed, it came into the management of the last survivor, 
Lancelot Cramlington, who applied the same to his own private use,^ and 
it was enjoyed by his family until the year 1832, when the charity was 
resettled under an order of the Court of Chancery. It was thereby ordered 
that the payments to the minister of Earsdon and for the repair of the 
highways should continue to be made, and that the annual residue of the 
estate was to be contributed to the funds of the Newcastle infirmary for 
the sick and lame of the counties of Newcastle, Durham and Northumber- 
land.' The council of the infirmary has the appointment of six trustees, 
who are charged with the management of the charitable funds. 

' John Pigg's will was printed by \V. Fordyce in 1829 as a separate tract. 

■-■ Rev. John Hodgson's Collection, Earsdon Guard-book. For the Cramlingtons see below under 
Newsham. 3 Hume, Histury of the Ncuxastlc Infirmary, p. 61. 




Nicholas Fenwick of Newcastle, third son of Nicholas Fenwick of ^ 
the same place,* was 22 years of age in July, 1688 (*•) ; admitted free 
of Merchants' Company, 1 8th January, 1689 (c) ; was admitted to 
lands at Earsdon, 14th April, 171 1 (/) ; purchased lands at Halli- 
well ; will dated 3rd February, 1723 ; proved 1st February, 1725 ; 
died 14th December, 1725, aged 62 (^). 

Sarah, daughter of Thomas Winship of Newcastle, 
tanner (who died 2nd September, 1695) (g) ; she 
possessed copyhold lands in Backworth which she 
and her husband sold, 1st March, 1706. to William 
Grey of that place (/) ; died 26th March, 1732, 
aged 60 (^). 


Thomas Fenwick of Newcastle and of Earsdon, = Mary, daughter and CO- Nicholas Fenwick of New- = Deborah, dau. 

admitted free of Merchants' Company by 
patrimony, 26th November, 17 16 (f) ; was 
admitted to his father's lands in Earsdon, 1 2th 
Dec, I733(/) I purchased Anne Rea's lands 
in Eaisdon circa 1743 ; died circa 1747 (^). 

heiress of John Bowes 
of Cleadon, co. Dur- 
ham, married at Whit- 
burn, I2th December, 
1727 ; died 12th Aug., 

1759 W- 

castle, admitted to Me 
chants' Company by patri- 
mony, 4th Aug., 1726 (^); 
to whom his eldest brother 
surrendered lands in Ears- 
don, 1st Dec, 1735 (/). 

of Abraham 

Grace, daughter and heiress, married 22nd April, 1749, Nathaniel Clayton, D.D., rector of Ingram, vicar of 
Whelpington, etc. ; she died 8th March, 1786. -^ 


Robert Fenwick of University = 
College, O.xon. ; matriculated 
8th May, 1735, "ged 18 ; admit- 
ted to Merchants' Company by 
patrimony, 28th September, 
1737 (') ' articles before mar- 
riage, 14th and 15th June, 1739. 

: Jane, widow of Charles 
Clark of Newcastle, 
and dau. of Edw.ard 
Colvill of White- 
house, near Gates- 
head, will dated 26th 
.March, 1746. 

William Fenvi'ick, to = Ann, 
whom his father dau. 
gave certain lease- of 
hold lands at War- Mat- 
ton, Rothburj' ; thew 
will dated 22nd Bell. 
January, 1740. 

I I I 

John Fenwick, admitted free of 
Merchants' Company by pat- 
rimony, 9th August, 1743 
(ir) ; described as of Ipswich. 

Matthew Fenwick, described 
as of Genoa. 

Margaret, mar. Robert Ellison. 

Isabella, daughter of John ^ 
Horsley of I?olam, married 
at Bolam, nth May, 1761 ; 
buried 1 6th August, 1763 

Thomas Fenwick of Earsdon, : 
admitted free of Merchants' 
Company by patrimony, 15th 
August, 1768 (f) ; died 22nd 
February, 1810. 

.^nne, daughter of Christopher Daw- 
son of Newcastle, married at St. 
John's, Newcastle, gth January, 
1766 ; died nth July, 1791. 

Hannah, died 
unmarried, 3rd 
July, 1780, 
aged 48 (^). 

John Fenwick, baptised nth September, 1763 (a) ; buried 
14th December of same year («). 

Mary, baptised 29th March, 1762 
(«) ; buried 7th May, 1769 («). 

Thomas Fenwick of Newcastle, son 
and heir, baptised 4th December, 
1766 («") ; admitted free of Mer- 
chants' Company by patrimony, 
14th November, 1793 (f) ; assumed 
the name of Clennel by royal 
licence, 31st March, 1796, on suc- 
ceeding to Harbottle castle. 
Clennel of Harbottle. 

Christopher Fenwick of Earsdon 
and of Newcastle, solicitor, 
baptised 9th February, 1770 
Ca] ; admitted free of Mer- 
chants' Company by patri- 
mony, 14th November, 1793 (^) ; 
died at Middleton St. George, 
13th December, 1847, aged 77. 

Fenwick-Clennel of Harbottle. 

Bowes Fenwick of 
Westgate Street, 
Newcastle, surgeon, 
baptised 19th Feb- 
ruary, 1 77 1 (a) ; ad- 
mitted free of Mer- 
chants' Company by 
patrimony, I4lh Nov., 
1793 W ; died nth 
February, l8n (^). 

Mary, daugh- 
ter of Hugh 
Hornby, mar- 
ried at All 
Saints, New- 
castle, 28th 
Jan., 1796. 

i I I i 

Thomas, Thomas, William, Anne, 
all died in infancy. 



Catherine Elizabeth. 


Percival Fenwick of Prestwich Lodge and of Newcastle, attorney-at- = Elizabeth, daughter of 
law, baptised iSth laniinrv. ttt? C/7'\ • nAmttt^A fro*^ /-.f \icr/-Vnnfc' Anthony Leaton of 

law, baptised l8th January, 1772 (a) ; admitted free of .Merchants' 
Company by patrimony, 23rd .'iugust, 1794 (f ) ; died at Shotley 
Bridge, 3rd June, 1842, aged 69 ; buried at Jesmond cemetery. 

Whickham, married at 
Whickham, 12th July, 

John Penwick of 
North Shields, 
bapt. 2nd June 
1774 («)■ 



I I ! 

Thomas William Fenwick, admitted free of Newcastle hy patrimony, 6tli May, 1829 (<•) ; of Claremont Place, 

Newcastle ; died 20th April, 1852, aged 45. 
Percival Anthony, died 2ist October, 1810, aged 2 years. 

Percival Clennel Fenwick, lieutenant 6ist regiment, died at Deplford Barracks, 13th December, 1840, aged 25. 
Bowes Fenwick, captain 44th regiment, youngest and last surviving son of Percival Fenwick, died at the storming 

of Sebastopol, 18th June, 1855, aged 34. 

Nicholas Fenwick of Dock- 
wraySquare, North Shields, 
attorney-at-law, baptised 
5th September, 1776 («) ; 
admitted free of Newcastle 
by pitrimony, 23rd Octo- 
ber, 1802 (£•) ; buried 1 6th 
Feb., 1S4S, aged 71 (./). 

Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Samuel 
Hurry of Dock- 
wray Square, 
North Shields, 
married 27th 
February, 1812 

William Fenwick, lieutenant- = Harriet 

colonel 34th F'oot, baptised loth Woodward 

November, 1777 (<?) ; admitted died 24lh 

free of Newcastle by patrimony, Oct., 184; 

rst June, 1814 Cc") ; fought at (Forster's 

Busaco, Albuera, Vittoria, etc. ; Olntuary). 
governor of Pendennis castle, 
where he died, 7th July, 1832. "^ 

Sarah, baptised 
l6th January, 

1775 («) ; 

married 7th 
July, 1812, 
John CoUing- 
wood of Chir- 

Cf. Pedigree of Fenwick of Lemington, vol. vii. of this work, p. 174. 

(ji) Earsdon Register. 
{]}) Tyneinoitth Register, 
{c) Bell Collection, Alnwick castle. 
((/) Monumental Inscription, Christ Church, 

{/) Dendy, Newcastle Merchant Adventurers. 
(/) Tynemouth Court Rolls and the Duke of 

Northumberland's MSS. 
(^) Monumental Inscription, St. Andrew's, 



Nicholas Fenwick of North Shields, attorney-at-law, and of = Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Hurry of Dock 

Dockwray Square, a younger son of Thomas Fenwick of Earsdon, 
baptised at Flarsdon, 5'h September, 1776; admitted free of 
Newcastle by patrimony, 23rd October, 1802 ; buried at Christ 
Church, Tynemouth, i6ih F'ebruary, 1848, aged 71. 

wray Square, North Shields, married at Christ 
Church, Tynemouth, 27th February, 1812 ; 
died at Newcastle, 1st January, 1874, aged 88 ; 
buried at Jesmond. 

ThomasFenwickof North Shields = Jane, daughter 

and of Waterville, died 17th 
September, 1859, aged 40. 

of Henry Dale, 
married 26th 
June, 1844. 

Samuel F'enwick of Harley 
Street, London, M.D., died 
nth Dec, 1902, aged 81 ; 
buried at Kensal Green. 

•Amy, dau. of Bed- 
ford Pirn, captain 
R.N. ; mar. 1st June, 
1854 ; died 1904. 


in 1830; 


Bedford Fenwick of Upper = Ethel, daughter of 
Wimpole Street, London, David Manson 

M.D., born 1855. -]/ of Elgin ; mar- 

ried 1887. 


Edwin Hurry = Annie, daughter 
F^enwick of of John Fen- 

London ; ]/ wick of Wim- 
born 1856. bledon. 

I I I 
Charles Colling- 

Percival Clennel. 

I I I 



Mary, married at Christ Church, Tynemouth, 27th December, 1838, John Fenwick of Wimbledon, and died in 18S4. 

Anne, died unmarried 13th December, 1904, aged 90. 

Elizabeth, married 21st October, 1841, Adolphus Philip Harrison, and died in 1SS4. 

Henrietta, baptised 1828 ; buried 1829. 

Sarah, baptised 28th September, 1825 ; married, as his second wife, 31st March, 1857, Peter Dale of North Shields. 



Percival F'enwick of North Shields. 

The Moor Edge farm, which had been assigned to Ann Rea, was 
surrendered on June 3rd, 1741, at the direction of her trustee, to Thomas 
Fenwick of Earsdon. Thomas Fenwick was son and heir of Nicholas 
Fenwick of Newcastle, who had acquired Earsdon North farm in 171 1 
from Anthony Hindmarsh. The North farm descended to Grace Fenwick, 
grand-daughter of Nicholas Fenwick, and wife of Dr. Nathaniel Clayton, 


rector of Ingrain, and subsequently reverted to the owners of Moor Edge 
farm. Both properties were sold by Christopher Fenwick in 1822 to Hugh, 
third duke of Northumberland,' and are now owned by the present duke. 
The third duke also purchased Earsdon West farm in 1821 from Ralph 
William Grey of Backworth, as part of the Backworth estate. This farm 
comprises the west pasture and Bean-lands, to which Ralph Gray of 
Backworth was admitted on October 14th, 1654. A few fields in the south- 
east corner of the township form part of Monkseaton farm, and were long 
owned by the Mills's of that place. 

On April ist, 1897, the townships of Earsdon, Murton, Backworth and 
Holywell were constituted an urban district, by an order of the Local 
Government Board, under the name of Earsdon Urban District. The four 
constituent townships form four wards. 

St. Alban's Chapel. 

St. Alban's chapel at Earsdon does not occur in the list of churches 
and chapels, in the gift of the prior and convent of Tynemouth, given in 
Bishop's Pudsey's charter of 11 76.- It was founded, however, before 
the year 1250, for in the ordination of the vicarage of Tynemouth, made 
in that year, it is provided that the vicar of the mother church shall provide 
a chaplain and clerk to serve daily in the chapel of Earsdon ; that he shall 
find them lodging, procure wine, lights, vestments, and vessels for the chapel, 
and sustain all ordinary charges.' An appeal to Durham had to be made, 
on at least one occasion, to compel the vicar of Tynemouth to provide a 
chaplain. The record of this appeal, made in 1363, shows that the chapelry 
then comprised all the townships included within it until 1846, namely, 
Earsdon, Backworth, Burradon, Seghill, Holywell, Hartley, Seaton Delaval, 
and Newsham.'' 

' 3 Geo. IV. cap. ii. 

■ See vol. viii. of this work, pp. 63, 65. The correctness of the dedication is proved by the will of 
Gilbert Taylor of Halliwell, yeoman, dated December 13th, 1563, whereby the testator directs that he shall 
be buried in ' ye church-yerd of St. Alban in Ersden.' Randall MSS. citing Liber Testamentorum, p. 112. 

" See vol. viii., p. 125, note. 

' A. Dunolmensis officiarius generalis discretis viris archidiaconi Northumbrie ofificiariis, Gilberto 
filio Robert! de Tynemouth ac Willelmo Aeon, salutem. Cum nos in causa principali, que dudum coram 
prefato officiario Dunolmensi vertebatur primo et postmodum coram nobis, inter parochianos de 
Tynemuth incolas et inhabitatores villarum de Seton Uelavalle, Erdesdon, Hertlawe, Haliwell, Neusom, 
Seighall, ISacwortli, Dacworth, et Doroudon, supra invencione unius capellani ad cclebrandum continue et 
perpetue in capella de Erdesdon infra dictam parochiam constructa, ac sacramenta et sacramentalia 
ecclesiastica in eadem parochianis ministrandum, ex parte una, ac dominum Johannem de Whetley, 


Curates or Ministers of Earsdon Church or Chapel. 

1536. Richard Watson occurs as curate on December 31st, 1536, when he joined John Delaval in 
taking a lease from the prior and convent of Tynemouth of the tithe offish taken at IMytli and Hartley. 

1563. Thomas Castell, formerly sub-prior of Tynemouth, occurs as curate, December 13th, 1563 (a); 
on October 29th, 1566, his will was exhibited for proof at Durham (6). 

1577/8. Leonard Hall occurs as curate (Ecclesiastical Proceedings 0/ Bishop Barnes, p. 44). 

1578. Thomas Anderson occurs as curate (ibid. p. 71) and again in February, 1582/3 (/)). 

1586. Walter Denton occurs as curate (b). 

1604. William Lawson occurs in the register of baptisms. May ist, 1604 (r). 

1606. William Hamilton occurs as curate {a) ; buried April 4th, 1618 (c). 

1620. Ralph Watson, third son of John Watson of Newcastle and Bedlington by Barbara Delaval, 
his wife, admitted Easter Day, 1620 (c) ; licensed to hold the office of curate, September 22nd, 1622 
(Durham Registers, Neile, fol. 51) ; buried October 13th, 1650 (r). 

1654. William Henderson occurs as minister of Earsdon in the register of baptisms, August 6th, 
1654 (c) ; ejected from his cure under the Act of Uniformity, 1662. 'Afterwards chaplain to Sir Ralph 
Delaval, to whom he dedicated his Discourse against Conformity, which was never printed, but there are 
several copies of it in private hands. I am inform'd it shows both the candor and learning of the 
author, who was remarkable for both.' Calamy, Ejected Ministers, vol. ii. p. 514. 

1662 (circa). Ambrose Kipling, M.A. (a), ordained deacon March, 1662 (Durham Registers, Cosins, 
fol. 29), and priest September 25th, 1664 (ibid. fol. 38). 

1664. John Consett, M.A., per res. Kipling; licensed October 9th (Durham Registers, Cosins, fol. Si). 

1666. Joseph Dacres, B.A., of Queen's College, Oxford (e), per res. Consett ; matriculated March 
i8th, 1655 (e); licensed November 8th, 1666 (Durham Registers, Cos\ns,{o\.S4); died August 31st, 1672(f). 

1672 (circa). David Halsall occurs in the register of marriages, August 20th, 1674(c) ; buried in 
the church, December 23rd, 1716 (c). 

1716. George Lyon, post mart. Halsall. 'August 19th, 1714. At an appointed meeting of the four- 
and-twenty of this parish this day upon occasion of the reverend Mr. David Halsall's being incapacitated 
through infirmity to officiate, it is this day agreed, in presence of us the undenvritten, between the said 
Mr. Halsall and the rev. Mr. George Lyon, that the said Mr. Lyon shall fully officiate and perform all the 
divine offices in the parish during the life of the said Mr. Halsall, and for such his officiating shall 
receive to his own use and uses all payments and surplice fees, whatsoever has been usually paid to the 
ministers of this parish ; the said Mr. Lyon paying back to the said Mr. Halsall towards his maintenance 
during Mr. Halsall's life the sum of four pounds every quarter of a year' (c). Mr. Lyon was buried at 
Earsdon, April 13th, 1751 (c). 

1746. Mark Ua\\ per rcsig. Lyon (a) ; died July nth, 1768 (Newcastle Courant, ]uW i6th). His son, 
George Hall, became provost of Trinity College, Dublin, and was consecrated Bishop of Dromore in 
iSii. William Hall, M.A., another son, was successively second master of Newcastle Grammar School 
and headmaster of Haydon Bridge School. 

1768. William Warkman, post mart. Hall ; licensed August 2nd (a); also curate of Cramlington : 
instituted to the rectory of Ford, April 22nd, 1796. 

1811. Henry Warkman, son of the above, post mart. Warkman ; minor canon and precentor of 
Durham ; died March 12th, 1857, aged 74 ; buried at Earsdon (d). 

perpetuum vicarium ecclesie de Tynemuth, ex alia parte ; quia invenimus dictum dominum officiarium 
pro jure dictorum parochianorum ac eundem vicarium et successores suos ad inveniendum suis sumptibus 
unum capellanum ydoneum ad celebrandum in dicta capella, prout actenus fieri consuevit, juxta formam 
ordinacionis de dicta vicaria facte, artatos astrictos fuisse, et eciam debere per suam diffinitivam 
sententiam ; ad instantem requisitionem dictorum parochianorum decernimus executionem debite 
demandandam, partemque vicarii in xxvj^ vij'' pro nomine expensarum in dicta lite condempnamus. 
Quocirca vobis mandamus quatinus moneatis eundem Johannem vicarium quod infra quindecim dies 
alium capellanum ydoneum, qui in dicta capella de Erdesdon extunc missas celebrare possit, inveniat. 
Cathedra Dunolmensi, nonas Decembris, .\.l). 1363. Seal in bag. Waterford Charters at Ford 
castle, No. 16, 


1857. Richard Evans Mason, of Trinity College, Dublin; post tiiort. Warkman ; B.A., 1852; 
M.A., 1859; LL.D., 1869; presented to the perpetual curacy of St. Ann's, Newcastle, 1869, and of 
Allendale, 1873 ; died 1900. 

1869. Richard Augustus Could, per resig. Mason ; died February 14th, 1881 ; buried at Earsdon (d). 

1881. Edward Greenhow, of Lincoln College, Oxford ; post mart. Gould ; matriculated October 
17th, 1863; B.A., 1867 ; M.A., 1870 (e) ; perpetual curate of North Gosforth, 1880 ; died December 17th, 

1892. Henry Owen Hall, of Brasenose College, Oxford; post mart. Greenhow ; matriculated May 
24th, 1877 ; B.A., 1 88 1 (f) ; perpetual curate or vicar of Benwell, 1895- 1899. 

1895. Edward Arkless of Bishop Hatfield Hall, Durham ; per resig. Hall. 

(fl) Randa], State 0/ the Clergy. (d) Earsdon Monumental Inscriptions. 

(b) Durham Consistory Books. {e) Foster, Alumni Oxonienses. 

(c) Earsdon Parish Registers. 

The old chapel was a plain structure without aisles, transepts, or 

tower. A porch at the west end of the nave, on the south side, and a 

door into the chancel, were of a Transitional or Early English character. 

There were stone seats inside the porch, and a sun-dial over the outer 

doorway. At a later date the pitched roof was lowered, a belfry was 

added at the west end, the chancel door was blocked up, and rectangular 

windows were substituted for the original lights.' The chapel was pulled 

down in 1837, and its leaden roof and oak beams were sold by auction. 

Further particulars with regard to this structure and the neighbouring 

parsonage may be gathered from the archdeacon's visitations and parish 


Visitations, etc.- 

1608, June 28th. The curate's house is in decay. They have no bells. Durham Visitation Books. 

1650. The chappelries of Earsden are depending upon the parish of Tynmouth, the stypend thereof 
ffowre pounds thirtene shillings ffow-re pence payed out of the ffee ffarme rents, but noe present incum- 
bent there. The said chappellrye is fitt to be made a parish church, and the said tovvne of Earsden, 
Monkseaton, Backworth, Hollywell, Seaton Delavall, and Hartley annexed unto that parish. Parlia- 
mentary Survey of Church Livings in Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. iii. p. 9. 

1652 (circa). By order of the Commissioners for the Propagation of the Gospel an allowance of ^50 
a year out of the tithes of St. Nicholas, Newcastle, was made to Earsdon chapelry. Lambeth MSS. 
1,007, p. loo. 

1656, March. It is this day ordered by the four and twenty of the parish of Earsdon that the rate of 
ten shillings per farm shall immediately be laid on the said parish and given to Mr. Henderson, the 
minister of the said parish ; as also that seven shillings shall be collected within the space of two years 
and given to the said party ; and this upon this consideration, of a house at Earsdon built by the wor- 
shipful Ralph Delaval. 

[1663.] The presentment of the churchwardens of the chapelry of Earsdon : 

I. Concerning the fabrick repairing and furnishing of churches and chappells. ... (3) We have 
one bell in the steeple. (4) For our font and other things mentioned in this article, some of them we 

' A sketch of the old chapel, made in 1833, hangs in the modem vestry ; and a drawing by T. M. 
Richardson, dated 1836, is to be found among his sketches of Northumberland and Durham in the 
library of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. 

■ Taken from the Vestry books except where noted otherwise. 


have, and the rest is a-making ready and providing, which will be in good repair shortly. (5) Wc have 
a chancell with a deske to reade divine service at, with pulpit and cloath convenient ; a great liible of 
the largest print. We want two books of Common Prayer. We want a book of homilies with the 
workes of Bishopp Jewell. With the rest of the books mentioned in this article we are not yet provided, 
but is making all the conveniences. (6) A surplice we have not, but that we are providing alsoe. 
(7) We have noe hood nor tipipet. A register-book for the registring marriages christenings and burials 
we have, and for other books and things mentioned in this article we shall shortly provide. 

II. Concerning the church-yard, parsonage-house, alms-house, gleeb and tythes. On these articles 
we have nothing to present. 

III. Concerning ministers, preachers, and lecturers. We have not had a minister these two years. 
To all the rest of the article we have nothing to present. 

IV. Mr. Philip Cramlington of Newsham and Mr. Thomas Cramlington of the same, Edward Jub 
of Blithe-snuke, Mrs Bates, widdow, and Mrs. Margaret Bates, the wife of Raphe Bates [recusants]. . . . 
By reason of the want of a minister we have nothing to present, save Mrs. Barbery Johnson, nowe wife to 
Robert Johnson, the late wife of Raphe Midford of Sighell, esqr., for not proving her saide husband's 
will ; John Baylelfe of Halliwell, whose will is not yet proved to our knowledge. 

V. Concerning parish-clerks and sextons. We have noe clerk by reason we want a minister. We 
have a man to look to our church and keeps it cleane and locks the doores. 

VI. We have neither curate nor mmister. We have no phisitian nor chyrurgion within our 
chapelry. We have a midwife, Margaret, the wife of George Burleson of .Sighill, which is not licensed to 
our knowledge. We have a poore man which teacheth a petty schoole and lookes to our chapel ; we 
cannot tell what he is called. 

VII. Concerning churchwardens and sidesmen. We were lawefully chosen by the minister and 
parishioners. We have nothing to present. To the rest of the articles mentioned in the last titule, by 
reason of the want of a minister, we have nothing to present. 

1723, October ist. Memorandum. This day the parish church of Earsdon was visited by the arch- 
deacon, and, upon a view of the defects, the following directions were given by him to the church- 
wardens. Imprimis. To provide a book of homilies. 2. A table of marriages. 3. A cover for the font. 4. .A. 
chest with locks and keys for the books, vessells and vestments of ye church. 5. The pulpit to be en- 
larged and raised at least one foot higher. The reading desk to be raised at least one foot and to be 
floored. The clerk's seat to be floored and the desk of it to be made towards ye middle isle. New and 
decent steps to be made to the pulpit. 6. All ye seats in the church, having now no floors, to be paved 
with flagg or floored with board as ye possessors and owners of them shall think most convenient ; and 
doors to be fixed to them wherever they are wanting. All these things to be done before Easter next, 
and a certificate thereof to be delivered into the archdeacon's court and visitation immediately following, 
signed by the minister and churchwardens. (Signed) Thos. Sh.vrp. 

1725 {circa). Earsdon. Who is patron ? The same who is patron of Tinemouth, when that 
is once determined. For Earsdon, however accounted a distinct parish, is only a parochial chapel 
to Tinmoulh. . . . The present curate, Mr. Lyon, w^as indeed put in by Sir John Delaval without 
consulting the then vicar of Tinemouth, Mr. Dockwiay ; whereupon the vicar detained from the 
curate a payment of £^ 13s. 4d. usually allowed out of the crown pension paid to the vicars ot 
Tinmouth. Mr. Lyon complained of this defalcation, but could not be remedied, because he could 
not make good his claim as regularly appointed. Hodgson-Hinde, Incdited Contributions to the History 
of Northumberland, p. 64. 

1726/7, February. A trial in the county of Northumberland, when Lord Chief Baron Ward was last 
down, between Colonel Thomas Radclif and Councillor Errington. The question was whether Nesham 
was in the parish of Earsdon, and my Lord Chief Baron was fully satisfied that Earsdon was a parish 
Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

1736 (circa). Duke of Somerset impropriator ; parish recommended ; 335 families ; 4 presbyterians 
and 3 papists ; service twice on Sunday ; catechism duly ; sacrament four times a year, about 70 come. 
Bishop Chandler's Visitation. 

Vol. IX. 3 


1757. It is agreed by the proprietors of the lands of this parish that the sum of /20 iis. jd. at the 
rate of 6s. 8d. a farm be collected of the proprietors for defraying the cost of rejjairing the house wherein 
the Rev. Mr. Mark Hall now lives, that house being vested in the said proprietors, as appears by an 
antient parish book, and that the said house continue for the future to be repaired at the said proprietor's 

1764, July 20th. This day the chapel of Earsdon was visited by the archdeacon and upon a view of 
the defects the following orders were given to the churchwardens, i. The lead on the roof to be new 
cast and the timber repair'd where decay'd. 2. The kneeling boards in all the pews to be made 
removeable and low, flat, and broad, so that the congregation may be able to kneel without silting at the 
same time. 3. The walls scrap'd and whitewash'd. 4. Sir Lancelot Allgood's new pew to be made 
more convenient in the inside for kneeling. 5. The flagging where sunk to be laid even. 6. All the 
broken pews repair'd by the respective owners. 7. A bason for the alms and a book of homilies 
provided. 8. A new common prayer book for the minister. 9. The pulpit to be raised 18 inches higher 
and a smooth wainscott bottom made to the sounding board, and the upper part of the sounding board 
painted a wainscott colour. (Signed) John Sharp. 

Churchwardens' Accounts, 1774. To whitewashing the church and painting the windows £1 7s. od. 
To painting the king's arms ^i is. od. To ornamenting the church with scripture sentences £2 4s. 6d. 

Ditto. 1775. To painting the commandments £2 iSs. od. 

1826, April 29th. Earsdon. This is at present considered as a perpetual curacy, independent of 
any other church. But it was formerly under the vicarage of Tynemouth, from which it received an 
annual payment of £^ 13s. 4d. Upon the discontinuance of this payment, it would appear that the 
minister and parishioners took measures for securing a provision for their church. It is, however, 
very small, and consists as follows : the Queen's bounty, interest at 4 per cent, per annum of ^1,200 ; a 
farm at Long Framlington bought by the same fund, consisting of 44 acres, lets for ^22 per annum ; 
sixty-six and one-sixth farms pay him at the rate of six shillings and eightpence each per annum ; 
. . . surplice fees, £-^0 ; payment from Mr. Pigg's donation chargeable on a farm in the parish, ^5. 
I presume upon the whole his income may amount to /125 per annum. . . . The right of nomination 
is held by the parishioners subject to this payment [of 6s. Sd. per farm]. . . . The curate's house is very 
neat. It was purchased originally as a glebe house by the parishioners from the Delaval family. 
They now make all necessary repairs upon it at the requisition of the incumbent. . . . The church- 
yard at Earsdon is to all appearance superficially good, but it is in fact a rock, and graves are 
absolutely hewed out of it with considerable difficulty. There is another burying ground at Blythe 
belonging to this parish, and for attending a funeral there on account of the great distance the curate 
receives an increased fee. In books and vestments they are well equipped. They have one bell. . . . They 
have a neat little cup and cover with the date 1618, inscribed with the names of the churchwardens, and, 
1 think, a patten to match. Population, including Blythe, 6,000. . . . The present minister has been 
incumbent 20 years, and has not been absent as many days from his charge. ... In my memor- 
andum I expressed myself (as I ought) well satisfied with their condition, but called their attention to 
the following injunctions : ... to preserve the trees growing in the churchyard ; ... to procure a 
cover for the font, a cloth for the reading desk, a table of prohibited degrees ; to make some exchange 
of their old pewter sacramental flagon, and the old registers to be rebound in a plain and strong 
manner. . . . There is a Sunday school supported by subscription, but unassisted by the Diocesan 
Society. It numbers 70 children. . . . There are three churchwardens for Earsdon. The parish 
appoints two of them, and the perpetual curate the other. Archdeacon Singleton's Visitation Book. 

The present church was built in 1837, at a cost of _^ 2,200, to provide 
for increased sitting accommodation, and was consecrated on October 12th 
of that year. It has three bells, founded by Mears and Stainbank in 1866.' 
Its plate includes a silver cup, si.\ inches in height, with lozenge and 

' Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newcastle, 2nd series, vol. iii. p. 293. 


pellet ornament, apparently of sixteenth century make, and a silver paten 
on a stand, with the London hall-mark date for 1725, inscribed in the 
centre earsdon church.^ 

The two eastern lancets of the nave contain some sixteenth century 
glass presented by tlie twelfth lord Hastings in 1874. The glass, which 
was bought by the tenth lord Hastings at the Polytechnic in London, is of 
similar character and design to glass made by the king's glazier, Galyon 
Hone, for Hampton Court in 153 1/2, and removed thence at a restoration of 
the palace about 1840.- The upper parts of the windows contain Tudor 
shields bearing France modern and England, surrounded by the garter, the 
words comprising the motto being on a black ground and interrupted 
by pieces of blue glass to indicate its tincture. The fleur-de-lys, lions, 
and letters have been formed by taking clear yellow glass and painting 
part of it black, thus leaving the charges. Three small roses surmount 
each shield, while two are below them. On the former rest an arched 
crown. The lower part of the south window contains, dexter a Hon 
rampant or, sinister a grcyliound rampant argent. In the corresponding 
portion of the north window is dexter and sinister a dragon rampant gules. 
These charges are surrounded by diapers of strips of glass bearing the royal 
motto, alternating with other strips bearing a pattern. Above the beasts 
in the north window are two portcullises, and in the south are two Tudor 
roses. The whole glass probably belonged to two escutcheons, a lion and 
a dragon supporting one shield, and a dragon and a greyhound supporting 
the other, and thus formed the arms of Henry VH. or VHL The Tudor 
roses and portcullises are in their original position above the supporters. 
Some pieces of the heraldic glass are modern, as is that which has been 
made to serve as a framework for it in the windows. 

The registers of marriages and burials commence in the vear 1589, 
and the baptisms in 1605. From these dates to 16 18 several years are 
wanting, and during the vacancy in the ministry from October, 1618, to 
May, 1620, no register exists. From x'\pril, 1631, to March, 1638, there 
is again a break, and another from November, 1650, to June, 1654. The 
earliest vestry book commences in 1656. The following entries relating 
to the keeping of the register occur in the church books : 

' Proc. Soc. Aiiliq. Newcastle, 2nd series, vol. iii. p. 26S. 

-Ex inf. Mr. F. J. Snowball (agent to Lord Hastings) and Mr. St. John Hope. Compare Law, 
Hampton Court, vol. i. pp. 169 and 349. 


1654. October 2nd. Ordered by the four and twenty of this parish that the keeper of the register 
shall have 6d. of every farmer and 6d. of every cottager of all that are able within the parish of Earsdon, 
along with what is the ordinary due for the clerk. 

1655. Forasmuch as through the corruption of the late times the registers of ye parish of Earsdon, 
being in severall books, were some of them neglected, and the government both of Church and State 
altered, some of them were lost ; it was therefore thought good by the four and twenty of the said 
parish at their meeting, Easter Moonday, A.D. 1688, that ye said register books as they were should be 
transcribed into this new parchment book, and that all christenings, marriages and burialls which 
hereafter shall happen should be here inserted till the same book be completely filled up. 

1689, April 1st. Ordered by the major part of the four and twenty that is. 6d. per farm be forthwith 
collected through the parish by the churchwardens for the service of the church as the said four and 
twenty will allow of. Memorandum that £1 out of the said assessment be paid unto James Forster of 
Seghill for transcribing the old registers into one new book, and that before Mayday next. 

Selected Entries from Ear.sdon Registers. 

1626. Willelmus filius Fransis Carnaby de Novo Castro, baptised June 25th. 

1628. Willelmus Killingworth de Killingworth et Elnor Pigg de Earsdon, married May 13th. 

1638. Samuel, filius Johannis Blackstone de Novicastro, marcatoris, in Backworth natus est ut 
credibiliter mihi fertur, August 21st. 

1645. Johannes Hyndmarsh de Walsend generosus et Elizabeth Bainbrigge de eadem vidua, 
married July 17th. 

1645. Georgius Melvin generosus et Margreta Hume, filia Jacobi Hume, vicarii de Tinmouth, 
married May 6th. 

164S. Radulphus Gardiner generosus et Catherina Reed de Chirton vidua, married September 9th. 

1649. Gulielmus Collison dux in castro de Tynemouth generosus et Gracia Fenwick filia Isabellae 
de eadem vid., married May 31st. 

1656. Michael Pace of Cramlington in the parish of St. Nicholas and Dorothy Shafton of Stickley 
in the parish of Horton, married June 12th. 

1656. Mr. John Loarins, son to Mr. Anthony Lorains of Newsham, baptised [by] Mr. William 
Henderson, minister of the Gospel at Earsdon, December 29th. 

1657. Ralph Shafton of Horton and Diana Milburn of Wishington in the parish of Ponteland, 
married April 6th. 

1658. June 27th. Margrat Ling, daughter to John Laing of Sighell, baptised at Earsdon, who are 
thereby engadged to forsake the Romish sinagogue and baptized in the faith of the now reformed church 
under the present government. 

1658/9. Mistres Lanton (Lampton), cousen to Major James Ogle of Burradon, died March 19th, 
buried in the church March 22nd. 

1661. Grace Widdrington, daughter to Mr. Samuel Widdrington of Seghill, baptised at Seghill by 
Mr. Thomas Dixon, minister of Horton, upon the request of Mr. Henderson, September 13th. 

1663. John Corde of Tynemouth and Dorothy Spearman of Preston, married by Mr. Ashbournham, 
October i6th. 

1669/70, February 24th. Ralph, son to Patrick Crow, [Seghill], baptised. 

1671, June 3rd. Zachariah Tissick and Elizabeth Toppin, married. 

1676. An, daughter to Mr. William Strudder, born October 14th, baptised October 15th, buried 
October i6th. 

1678, October 2gth. Jane Lowrain, a widow, buried in woolen. 

1679, April 6th. Elizabeth, wife to William Grey, buried in linen and paid her fine. 

1680, August 31st. Nicholas Lewen and Elizabeth Grey, married. 

1682/3. Thomas, son to Nicholas Lewins in Lynkhowse, buried March 6th. 
1683, October 21st. Marie, daughter of Mr. William Struther, born at Seatowne Delavall. 
1688/9. Joseph Tysick of the High Glass Houses, and Ann Leatherington of Coalercoats, married 
January 31st. . , 


1688/9. Ml'- William Harding, formerly of Hollandsyde, but then of Moorton West-housses, where 
he dyed February 17th, buried in the church of Earsdon, February 19th. 

1691, December 3rd. John Hylton of the parish of Wearmouth in the bishopric, and .'\nn 
Sickarnham of Sighill, married. 

1705, September 19th. William Tyndall of the parish of Urankburne, and Sarah Ogle of the parish 
of Bothel, married. 

1708, June 29th. John Silvertop of the Windmill house, and Elinor Stayward of ("lolden-hole, 

1 70S, July 22nd. Mr. John Cook of Ilurraton, and Mrs. Mary Hindmarsh of Newcastle, married. 

1 7 10, December loth. Thomas Hodgson of Placy-brigg-house, parish of Stannington, and Elizabeth 
Clint of West Cramlington, married. 

171 1. Mr. William Ogle of Cheburn Linkhouse, in the parish of Warkworth [sic], and Mrs. Margret 
Greene of Haliwell, married June 24th. 

1718, July 27th. William Hodgson of Placy Bridg-houses, parish of Stannington, and Isabella Aidon 
of South Blyth, spinster, married. 

1719/20, February ist. Mr. Michael Dunford of East Cramlington, and Margarett Thinn, widdow, 
of Seghill, married. 

1723, December 28th. Mr. Gabriell Reed of Meadow-haugh, parish of Elsdon, and Mrs. Isabell 
Potts of Backworth, married. 

1728/9, February 3rd. Mr. Robert Rutherford of Whitley and Mary Archbold of the same place, 

1729, August i6th. Mr. John Hall of Whitley buried here m the sepulchre of Mr. Charles Archbold 
of the same place. 

1730. Ralph Clark of North Shields and Elizabeth Bland of the same place, married May 27th. 
1730/1. Mr. James Mewburn of Seaton and steward on that estate, buried March 6th. 

1735. Mr. Peregrine Henzel of the Glass-houses, chapelry of All Saints, Newcastle, and Mrs. Ann 
Archbold of Whitley, married May 8th. 

1737. Mr. John Lisle and Mrs. Mary Nicholson, both ofthe parish of Felton, married November 15th. 
1750. Mr. Gilbert Umfreville, collector of customs at South Blyth, buried April 5th. 

Until the beginning of the eighteenth century the curate of Earsdon 
was appointed by the vicar of the mother church ; but, in consequence 
of disagreement resulting on Mr. Lyon's appointment to the cure in 17 14, 
the landowners of the chapelry assumed the patronage. In the election 
of a minister each landed proprietor had as many votes or fractions of 
votes as the number of ' farms ' at which his property was assessed in the 
church books. This method of presentation continued in use until the 
year 1891, when the landowners surrendered their rights to the bishop of 
the diocese. 

The original curate's stipend of ^^4 13s. 4d. has, as described in 
Archdeacon Singleton's visitation, been largely augmented. The curacy 
was valued in Dr. Ellison's papers at £2>7 i6s. 8d. ; by Mr. Lyon at 
Archdeacon Thomas Sharpe's visitation at ;^45 ; by Archdeacon John 
Sharpe in 1764 at _^.'55 ;^ by the commissioners for ecclesiastical revenues 
in 1 83 1 at ^ 119 ; and it has now a net value of ^291. 

' Archdeacons' Books. 


Charitable Benefactions. 

1688. John Pigfj of Newcastle, by will dated October 27th, 1C88, directed his trustees to pay £'■, 
yearly out of his estate to the minister of Earsdon. This sum is now paid by trustees appointed by the 
Newcastle Infirmary. 

1714. William Grey of Backworth, by will dated May 26th, 1714, gave the interest of ^100 to the 
poor widows and inhabitants of the chapeliy, to be disposed of by his trustees to the vicar and church- 
wardens of the said parish, and, failing such object, then for the education of poor children at school. 

1849. John Brotherick of Hartley, by a codicil to his will dated October 30th, 1849, devised £250 
to trustees, to be laid out in public funds, and the interest to be applied to the maintenance of the poor 
inhabitants of Hartley. 

1868. Hugh Taylor devised the sum of /i,6oo upon charitable objects. One third of the annual 
return is distributed yearly to the aged poor, and the remainder is assigned to the local voluntary school. 

A school was attached to the chapel in the time of the Common- 
wealth, £^ being allowed to it by the Commissioners for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gospel out of Bywell tithes." There is a curious piece of 
folklore connected with this school, dating from the first half of the 
eighteenth century. An old beggar woman came to a cottage in Earsdon, 
and was sharply dismissed. No sooner had she gone than a child in the 
cottage began to cry, ' Mother, mother, that old woman is tearing my 
heart out of me.' The boys of Mr. Lyon's school ran after the beggar, 
' whom the child pricked in the forehead with a pin till the blood came, 
when the spell of torment which she had laid upon it was dissolved.' ^ 


I43''V7' February loth. Commission to the vicar of Bedlington. John Bateson and Robert his 
brother, the vicar's parishioners, have complained that certain persons defamed them to their father, 
William Bateson of Gosford, and charged them with breaking into a windmill at Hertlawe in Eresdon in 
the parish of Tynemouth, and with having carried out of the mill i\ bushells of wheat and beans. The 
said William, John and Robert have offered to purge themselves. The vicar of Bedlington is therefore 
charged to appoint a day for the persons above named to appear before him in the chapel of Eresdon, 
and they are each to appear with twelve honest men of the neighbourhood who shall purge them of the 
deed. Durham Registers, Langley, fol. 241. 

1562, October 13th. Dominus judex monuit gardianos ecclesie parochialis de Tynmouth, sub pena 
juris, quod permitterent curatum capelle de Ersden divina celebrare in eadem, more solito. Ecclesicislieiit 
Depositions, Surt. See. No. 21, p. 70. 

1598, April 13th. At this time the pestilence raged sore. 

' Lambeth MSS. No. 1,006, pp. 376 and 433. On October 13th, 1601, an office was presented against 
John Newton for teaching children in Cuthbert Bates' house without licence. Durham Visitation Books. 

The following entries occur in the church registers : 1640, August 7th, Mr. Johannes de Halli- 

well et ludimagister ibi, sepultus. 1649, April ist, Johannes Simpson de Hartley, pedagogus, sepultus. 
1682/3, March nth, Mary, who is the supposed child of John Kay, and was schoolmaster in Hearckley 
[sic], baptised. 1691, October 21st, Trypheena, daughter of William Mortaine, schoollmaster of Seaton 
Sluice, baptised. 1721, March 28th, John, son of William Herkness, schoolmaster of Backworth, 

- Raine, Memoir of the Rev. John Hodgson, vol. i. p. 353. 

' Taken from the Vestry books and parish registers e-xcept where noted otherwise. 


161 1. Memorandum, that the xxix of September, being Michaehiias, 161 1, was a very tempestuous 
day, both of winde, snow and haill. 

1640. LesHe with his Scottish army went over the r[iver] on Friday the 28th of August, 1640, but, 
being [stayed] in their march by the Lord Conway's troops, hurt was d[one on] both sides, and the 
EngHsh gave over, being but [few], Conway alledgeing the king's warrant for his [behaviour]. 

1641. Upon the 20th of August, 1641, the Scottish army marched from Tine and Newcastle 
towards Barwick with much joy to all the north cuntry, for so hopped both peace and union, with 
much expectance of tranquillity both to the Church and State. 

1644. Newcastle beseaged on Wednesday ye 14 August, 1644 [and captured October 19th]. That 
day sennit after, viz., 26 October, was Tinmoulh yeilded privately without stroake or shott by Sir 
Thomas Riddall [to the] Scottish forces. 

1646. After much warr and bloudshed . . . betwixt the king and parliament, king Charles [camel 
from his owne camp in Oxford and yeilded his person to Generall Leslee, and the Scottish [army] came 
with them into Newcastle-upon-Tyne 12th of May, 1646. 

1647. [From] the xix of July to the 29 of August this yeare there dyed in Hartley [of] the pestilence, 
that came not to the church to be buried, these persons following : (Twenty names follow.) 

1648. Wheat sold this yeare for 4' a peck, Newcastle markett measure, 32" per boll. 

1649. Big sould the 31 March, 1649, in Newcastle markett for 25' per boll, and some for 28' per 
boll. Ry then at 21' a boll. 

1650. Ult. Junii, I (the Rev. Ralph Watson) was affronted after my sermon by a trowper, Mr. 
Ramsbottom by name, in dispite, because I would not give my consent that he should preach in my 
place, saying that I preached a naked church, as he would show me in the afternoone. But when the 
afternoone came, he came to my house with all his trayne; and, when I looked that he would question 
me concerning what I had preached, he began to deny or to doubt of ourlawfull calling, and that we were 
of the Church of England but not of the Church of Christ, and soe fell upon baptisme and houldino- of 
baptizing of infants utterly unlawfull ; which I answered so far as I could be permitted, for they would 
speak all and heare nothing that [I said]. So he asked leave to preach and I permitted him 

1656/7, March ist. That day ye text Mat. ii. 6. The doctrine is that ye sons of men is exceeding 
ready to take offence and so stumble at ye person, doctrine, and kingly government. 

1658. Collected for the distressed people of Heydon by fyre upon a letter pattent of the great seale 
of England, dated upon the seventh day of Aprill in anno 1658, in the parish church of Earsdon, the 
summe of ten shillings and tenpence in the month of November and the twenty-first day thereof bv 
James Dinning and Robert .\rcle, churchwardens. 

1658, April 15th. Mr. George Hawdon, minister, his ordination at Stannington was upon the 

1659. April 5th. It is this day ordered by the major part convened of these of the four and twentv 
that day mett for the choosing of the churchwardens for the year 1659, it is this day imposed to be 
collected of every of the four and twenty, that shall absent himself from the meeting of the said four and 
twenty, ten groats for the first time absenting, by the churchwardens, who is ordered hereby to colect it 
for every default. 

1659, June 7th. A fast at Pontisland appoynted and solemnized by the brethren. 

i66[2]. The names of the twenty-four elected for Earsdon parish. For Seaton : Sir Ralph 
Delavall. For Hartley : Richard Roules, James Parkin, John Ladley. For Halliwell : Mr. Ralph Bailes 
James Baillifl!e, John Tayler, Richard Edley, William Shotton. For Earsdon : Robert Barker, Robert 
Arckle, Robert Sabourne, Edward Rutter. For Sighill : Mr. Robert Johnson, Samuell Widdrin"ton. 
For Burrodon : Ralph Harrison, John Todd. For Newsham : James Sutton. For Backworth : James 
Dining, Thomas Matland, Mr. Oliver Ogle, John Corneath, Thomas Winship, William Matland. 
Churchwardens : Henry Archbald, John Harrison. 

[i6]82, April ye 17th. Order'd then by the major part of the four and twenty that Backworth, 
Earsdon and Newsham find two churchwardens the year above written, and Sighill, Hallywell and 
Burradon the year insuing, and Seaton for the third year, and soe to continue customary for the time to 


A form of certificate for those afflicted with the King's evil. 

These are to certifie that the berare hereofif of the parish of Earsdon in the countie of 

Northumberland, supposeing him or her selfe to have the evill on or in , and being desireous 

to addresse him or her selfe to the king's most sacred majestic for cure, desireth this our certificate. And 
wee the minister and churchwardens of Earsdon aforesaid, beleiveing the premisses to be true, have here- 
unto inscribed our hand the day of Anno Dom. 

A certificate of conformity. 

[1681]. Wee, David Halsall, minister of ye parish and parish church of Earsdon within ye county of 
Northumberland, and William Mattalin and Robert Elliot, churchwardens of the same parish and parish 

church, doe hereby certifie that upon ye Lord's day commonly called Sunday, ye day 

of this instant immediately after divine service and sermon ended did in ye parish church afore- 
said have and receive ye sacrament of ye Lord's Supper according to ye due forme and usage of ye 

Church of England. In witness whereof wee have hereunto subscribed our hands ye day of 

in ye yeare of our Lord God , ye reigne of our Sovereign Lord Charles of England, 

Scotland, France and Ireland, king. Defender of the Faith. 

1715, November 14th. It is this day ordered that a poor sess be laid on the able inhabitants of this 
parish, and that the overseers shall be for the ensueing year, Edward Potts, Clement Trumball, Matthew 
Wiggam, John Hall. 

1716, October 22nd. A memorandum of an agreement made with John Jameson of Bedlington, 
concerning a fatherless and motherless child named John Bulson, and at present maintained out of the 
poor money collected in this parish of Earsdon, as followeth ; vizt : that the said John Jameson is to take 
the said child to his own house and feed and clothe him and maintain and keep him honestly, credibly 
and decently at his own proper charges, and likewise (God willing) shall get him taught to read and write, 
and shall from this day forward indempnify and free the said parish of the said child for ever. In con- 
sideration whereof he is to have paid him by the said parish the sum of forty shillings at Christmas next, 
and the like sum at three Christmases after, and twenty shillings the next Christmas after those, which 
will make in all the summ of nine pounds. It is further agreed that if the said child dye before any of 
the abovesaid days of payments, that then the abovesaid bargain shall be determined, and neither the 
following payment nor any other of the remaining is to be paid him after such decease ; that is to say if 
please God the child dye, the said John Jameson is to have no more money after. 

1718, June igth. It is agreed that the overseers of the poor do pay the sundry sums they collect for 
the poor into Mr. Lyon's hands, who together with three or four of the four and twenty, are to distribute 
the same first of all to those poor who have got an order of sessions, and the remainder as they think fit. 

1737. Memorandum. All arrears due to ye poor of Earsdon parish to this nth April, 1737, is 
^11 15s. 'Tis agreed by the four and twenty at this present meeting that ye present overseers collect an 
assessment of 3s. 3d. per farm to discharge the said arrears, and that from henceforth every lordship in 
ye said parish shall provide for their own poor for ye future. 

In 1650 the Commissioners for the Propagation of the Gospel proposed 
a division of the extensive chapelry of Earsdon by the addition of Newsham 
and Blyth-nook to Horton, and of Burradon and Seghill to Long Benton.' 
No steps w^ere taken in this direction until 1846, when Seghill was con- 
stituted a separate ecclesiastical parish. Burradon was annexed in 1865 
to the newly formed parish of Killingworth. A donative chapel at Blyth 
had been built in 1751 to supply the needs of the northern portion of 
Earsdon chapelry and was made a parish church in 1883, as was the 
ancient chapel of St. Mary at Seaton Delaval eight years later. Chapels 
of ease have been established at Backworth and Holywell. 

' Parliamentary survey in Aycli. Act. jst series, vol. iii. p. 9. 



Backworth township inarches with Shire Moor on the south, and 
extends northward as far as the Seaton burn. Long Benton and Bur- 
radon townships bound it upon the west, the township of Seghill on 
the north, and Holywell and Earsdon upon the east. A survev taken in 
1664 gives it an area of 1,327! acres,' but the north-eastern portion of 
Shire Moor has since been annexed to the township, increasing its size to 
1,588 acres. The population in iqoi totalled 2,168.^ At the present 
time there is only one large village in the township, but in the twelfth, 
thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries there were two hamlets ; East Back- 
worth is represented by the modern village near the source of the Brierdene 
burn, while West Backworth probably stood at Backworth West farm, on 
the winding lane leading up to Burradon. Backworth recurs as the name 
of a vanished hamlet in the parish of Bvwell.' 

Before the modern turnpike was driven through Shire Moor, Backw'orth 
was probably only accessible from the south by the road leading north-east 
from Killingworth. This debouches, a little to the west of Castle farm, on 
the Backworth lane which, as has been stated, connected East and West 
Backworth. Another road leads northward from this lane, at a point just 
west of the West farm, to Seghill ; and a path called the Fishers' road runs 

' The survey of 1664, taken from the duke of Northumberland's MSS., gives the following list of 
enclosures : 

a. r. p. 

The Wheat hill and the East field 

The Straits and the East march 

The North field, Rye hill, and the Rapes 

The Shepherd's Troddriggs 

Hobb'shiU ... 

The Low East march, Low Hobb's hill, and the haughs ... 

The West field, the West moor, Harte's hill, and the letches 

Dy Ulster's nook 

The East acres 

The Castle field and the South field 

The old garths 

The park ... ... ■ 

The Pease field 

The West green and the cpiarries 

Ten closes 

Garths and yards 

Total ... 1,327 2 igi 

- Census returns for the township are as follow : 1801, 163 ; 181 1, 157 ; 1S21, 243; 1831, 412 ; 1S41, 
413; 1851,404; 1861,954; 1871,1,191; 1881,2,056; 1891,2,240; 1901,2,168. 

' .See vol. vi. of this work, pp. 202-203. 
Vol. LX. 4 























1 12 






















from the west end of the modern village of Backworth, past Havelock 
Place, to the Seaton burn, which it crosses at a point where the townships 
of Backworth and Seaton Delaval touch one another. The road from 
Killingworth to Backworth is probably that termed the roval road in a 
deed of the early fourteenth century, where it is described as skirting the 
east side of a field or furlong called the Chesters.' The latter mav be 
identified with the Castle field of the 1664 survey. It is less clear whether 
it should be connected with the alleged discovery in this neighbourhood 
of the Roman objects known as the Backworth find. 

Note on the Backworth Find, by F. Haverfield. 

A remarkable hoard of Roman gold and silver objects was dug up early 
in the nineteenth century, and probably in the winter of 1811-1812, in the 
neighbourhood (as it would seem) of Newcastle. The e.xact place, time 
and circumstances of the discovery were concealed, owing to the fear of 
the law of treasure trove ; but some slight clues make a guess possible. 
The objects forming the hoard, or most of them, were sold in February, 
1812, by an unknown person, thought to be a farmer, to a Newcastle 
silversmith, Mr. Thomas Watson. The Rev. John Hodgson states that they 
were found ' somewhere in the county to the north - east of Backworth.' 
He gives no authority for this statement, but may well have had local 
information." The hoard mav therefore be regarded as found in or not 
long before February, 18 12, near Newcastle, and most probably a few 
miles north-east of it, on the Caledonian side of the Roman Wall. 

All or nearly all the objects acquired by Mr. Watson in 18 12 were 

' Omnibus Chiisti fidelibus, etc., Hugo de Bacwonh, salutem, etc. Noverit universitas vestra me 
dedisse, etc., Aliciae, filiae meae, quoddam toftum et undecim acras tenae arabilis in territorio de Est 
Bacworth (videlicet illud toftum quod Agnes, quondam uxor Jordani, tenuit, et situm est inter toftum quod 
Paterous de Hacworth quondam tenuit ex parte occidentali et toftum meum ex parte orientali), quarum 
tres acrae jacent in Litill-hepe et abuttant super Lang-landes, et duae acrae in le Suthre-hope super 
Pattes-flatte inter terram domini prioris ex utraque parte et abuttant super terram Radulphi servientis 
versus boriam et super le More-gare versus austrum, et una acra et dimidia super Ri-landes inter terram 
Johannis filii Nicholai ex parte orientali et terram domini prioris ex parte occidentali, et duae acrae et 
dimidia super Herterigge, et abuttant super Hunspakes-well, et una acra in Westwaleshers inter terram 
meam propriam ex parte orientali et terram domini prioris ex parte occidentali, et dimidia acra abuttat 
apud predictum toftum, et dimidia acra in le Chestres et abuttat super terram Johannis filii Nicholai 
versus occidentem et super regiam viain versus orientem ; habenala et tenenda. etc., reddendo inde annu- 
atim mihi Hugoni et heredibus ineis, etc., quatuor denarios argenti ad duos anni terminos, etc. Hiis 
testibus, Johanne de Dudden, tunc senescallo de Tynem', Johanne de Whitlee, Nicholao de Morton, 
Nicholao Faucus, Johanne filio Nicholai, et multis aliis. Tyncnwiitli CJtai-tiilary, fol. 90 b. John de 
Dudden occurs as seneschal of Tynemouth in the year 1302. 

- Hodgson, Northumberland pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 440. Mr. Edward Hawkins, writing in 1S50 in the 
Archaohgical journal (vol. viii. p. 35), puts the place of the find ' in the county of Durham or some 
adjoining district,' but this later version can hardly contend with the Rev. John Hodg'son's. 



sold by him to a Newcastle collector and antiquary, Mr. John IJrumell, 
though one or two pieces may have been disposed of before Mr. Brumell 
saw them. From Mr. Brumell they — or at least most of them — passed 
in 1850 to the British Museum. The objects acquired by the British 
Museum consisted of a 
silver patera with in- 
scribed handle, a bronze 
mirror found covering it 
in such a position as to 
suggest that it had been 
used as a lid, and the 
following articles found 

inside it — five gold rings 
(one bearing an inscrip- 
tion), a silver ring, two 
gold chains, a gold brace- 
let, two highly orna- 
mented silver-gilt fibulae, 
three silver spoons and a 
denarius of Pius, dated 
139 A.D. To these still 
extant objects must be 
added some that are now 
lost — an oval silver dish 
eighteen inches long, two 
first brass coins of Pius, 
279 c/f//(?;7y earlier in date 
than 139 A.D., a silver 
patera ' so much corroded 
as to fall to pieces,' and 
two pieces of silver, carved and gilt, which were thought to have been 
pieces of a bridle bit : some of these articles seem to have been sold to 
Mi-. Brumell, but were not among the acquisitions of the Museum and 
their fate is not known.' The man who sold the objects in 18 12 to 

Articles in the Backwokth Find. 
(Fkdm a Photograph.) One Third Actual Size. 

' Hell {Arch. At-!, ist series, vol. ii. p. 167) mentions the d\i.h. patt-ra and ' bridle bit ' as in Mr. Brumeirs 
possession when he wrote (about 1825). Hawkins says the dish had been sold before Brumell saw- it, 
and is silent about the other pieces {Archaological Jourmd, voh viii. p. 36). Here again he seems to have 
been misinformed. 



Mr. Watson further alHrmed that other curiosities were found with those 
which he produced, and in particular a piece of strong leather embossed 
with the picture of a man escaping from a window.' 

The objects which have survived merit brief individual attention. 

(i) Tlie patera is a very interesting instance of a type of saucepan- 
shaped bronze vessels, which with slight variation in form, sometimes plain 
and sometimes highly ornamented, occur freely in the Roman world. Manu- 
factories of them existed at Herculaneum and Pompeii in the early Empire, 

Patera anh Spoon founh in Backwdrth. (_Fkom a Photogkaph.) t)NE Half Actliai. Size. 

and also (as it seems) in Gaul, and they were exported even beyond the 
Empire into Caledonia and northern Europe. They were probablv used for 
liquids, and sometimes perhaps for libations at sacrifices : that thev were 
also cooking vessels is less likely. The present specimen has a bowl four 
and three quarter inches in diameter and three and a half inches in height, 
and is much rounder in shape than is usual. The flat handle of the bowl is 

' Hodgson, loc. cit. 

SackWorth township. 


four and three quarter inches long, decorated with conventional foliage 
and ending on the circumference of the bowl in two birds' heads, such as 
occur on many Roman bronze handles. The handle also bears a brief 
inscription inlaid in gold letters, now partly faint : matr fab dvbit, that 
is, Matribus Fahius Ditbitatiis, showing that the patera was dedicated 
to the Celtic triad of the 'Mother Goddesses' by one Fabius Dubitatus, 
of whom nothing else is known. It was perhaps made to order, since 
the inscription is carefully inlaid and not scratched round the bowl in 
rude cursive letters after the usual fashion of most consecrated paterae. 
Possibly it was manufactured in Gaul, its rather uncommon shape finding 
exact parallel in a patera dug out of Prickwillow fen in Cambridgeshire, 
which bears a Celtic maker's name, Boduogenus. But, like most Romano- 
Gallic work, the Backworth patera shows in general the conventional 
decoration of the Roman-provincial art. Its date is not easy to guess 
from internal evidence, but the absence of prgenomen in the inscription 
suits the second or the third better than the first century. 

Gold Rings from the Backworth KiNn. 

(2) A gold ring weighing 211 grains, with an inscription on a stud set in 
a beaded border : matr | vm c -I- | c -f ae. The reading has been disputed. 
Dr. Bruce read matrvm co co ae, in which co co is not intelligible. 
Hiibner read matr via c -I- c -f ae, and expanded Matribus vialibits C. 
C[o/-Jic/uis] xle[Iianiis, or the like]. It appears upon e.xamination that Dr. 
Bruce was correct as to matrvm and Hiibner as to c -I- c -I-. The text may 
therefore be taken to be Matriim C. Cornelius Ae/iaiins, ' the property of 
the Matres, the gift of C. Cornelius Aelianus.' For Cornelius Aelianus 
any other suitable names beginning with C and Ae may be substituted. 

(3) A gold ring weighing 304 grains, decorated with three beaded studs 
of gold, much like the studs of No. (2), and two snakes' heads. Such 
snakes' heads often occur on Roman bracelets and rings, and, though 
occasionally styled Late Celtic, are Italian. They are frequently found, for 
instance, at Pompeii. 



(4-6) Three other gold rings, two of 200 and one of 123 grains 
weight, each set with engraved stones so rudely executed that the devices 
are not clear. 

(7) A silver ring, broken but shewing the same snake device and 
general character as No. (3). 

(8-10) Two long neck-chains, twenty-eight and thirty-two inches long, 
and a chain bracelet, seven inches long, all of gold and of similar workman- 
ship. The neck-chains are made of plain loops 
and have hook fastenings ; the bracelet has a 
hollow bead strung on each loop, and its circle 
is closed. Each of the three pieces has attached 
to it a wheel-shaped device, which on the neck- 
chains is close to the fastening, and which 
obviously replaces the decorated clasps often 
attached to bracelets. The two neck - chains 
have also an appendage like a crescent with 
contracted horns, not improbably a charm. The 
art of these pieces seems to be Roman-provincial. 
But the wheels may have Celtic associations. 
Many such wheels were found in the Celtic site 
of Stradonitz in Bohemia, mostlv detached but 
in one case fastened by a little chain to a fibula, 
and others have come to light on Gallic sites 
occupied either just before or during the Roman 
period. The wheel is also an attribute of Jupiter 
Wheels similarlv attached to chains have been 
found in a hoard resembling the Backworth find, at Llandovery, and 

(11-12) Two silver-gilt fibulae, each four inches long, forming a 
precise pair. They exemplify a tvpe of brooch which descends from a La 
Tene pattern and is common in the westernmost parts of the Roman Empire. 
In this type the bow carries a boss with a somewhat conventional floral 
ornament ; the head broadens out over the coil of the spring, which is 
usually attached by a tiny hook ; and — at least on British examples — a ring, 
with or without a crosspiece to hold it firm, is added at tlie end, so that the 
fibulae can be worn in pairs connected by a chain. These features recur on 
the Backworth brooches. But two other remarkable features supervene. 

Wheel-shaped Ornaments on Chains 
FOUND .^T Backworth. 

on some Gallic bronzes. 



Fibula found at Backworth. (Full Size.) 

The foot ends not simply in ;i knob but in a sort of box, while the sheath, 
bow and head exhibit Late Celtic designs of much grace and character. 
A similar ' box ' occurs on one of the large fibulae of Late Celtic character 
which were found 
at Aesica in 1894, 
while the Celtic 
ornament may be 
paralleled from a 
fibula discovered at 
Risingham.' Here 
we find ourselves 
in a peculiar art 
world. The pre- 
ceding pieces (i-io) 
show in the main 
the Roman-provincial style. The fibulae belong to a Celtic region. Not 
only are they of a type which springs from Celtic originals ; they reveal 
Celtic influences living and creative at the time and in the place of 
their making. 

(i3"i5) Three silver spoons, of ordinary kinds and small sizes. 

(16) A mirror formed of a round plate of silver, adorned on the back 
with incised concentric circles and a leaf border. 

(17) A coin of Pius, consul for the second time, a.d. 139 — the sole 
survivor of two hundred and eighty denarii of various dates and two first 
brass coins of Pius. Mr. Hawkins states that this coin was the latest of 
the denarii. 

The general character of the find is plain. It is a hoard of precious 
objects buried after a.d. 139, and probably about the middle of the second 
century. The reason for the burial is less plain. Two of the items are 
votive and must come from some shrine of the Deae Matres. But it is 
unlikely that such a shrine stood in an isolated spot north of the Wall, and 
this hoard probably represents, not temple treasures hastily hidden to save 
them in a sudden danger, but the fruits of robbery or pillage from the Wall 
itself or some fort near it. The Roman advance in 143 from the Tyne to 
the Forth might supply a reason why a robber should conceal his spoils. 
The serious revolt in northern Britain about 158-162 might furnish an 

' A. J. Evans, in Anha:ologia, vol. Iv. p. iS6 ; Bruce, Roman Wall (3rd edition), p. 431. 


occasion for pillage. But we need not be anxious to fix a date. The north 
country, on both sides of Hadrian's Wall, was never wholly ciyilized in 
Roman times, and chance robbers were at work there at all times. 

Perhaps the artistic character of the hoard is more interesting than its 
historical setting. Most of its items are ]\oman in design and workmanship. 
A few, and those not the least striking, reveal a marked intermixture of 
Celtic influences. It need not be supposed that these fibulae were made in 
Caledonia. Thev may reasonably be assigned to craftsmen who lived in 
what is now northern England during the second century of our era. 
Here, on the verge of the unconquered Caledonia and Hibernia but within 
the limit of the Empire, the power of Celtic art was (for a time, at least) 
very great. There is no parallel to it in the more civilized south of our 
island or in Gaul.' 

As Backworth does not occur among the villages confirmed to the 
prior and convent of Tynemouth by Henrv I.,^ it may be inferred that it 
did not become a monastic possession so soon as the other townships in 
the manor of Tynemouth, though it is included in Tvnemouthshire in 
Richard I.'s charter of 1189.^ A proprietary family, probably of native 
English origin, was settled here and took its name from the locality. 
Edmund de Bacwrde attests a deed dating circa 1140;^ Adelard and 
Nicholas de Bacworth appear as witnesses circa 1180,^ as does Jordan de 
Bacworth in 122 1/2.'' In 1264 Nicholas de Backworth did homage to the 
abbot of St. Alban's for his holding in Backworth, and gave half a mark 
as recognizance, and Thomas de Backworth did fealty and gave ten shillings 
for having confirmation of thirty acres in the same place.' 

In 1 24 1 a certain Robert, son of Stephen, quit-claimed a carucate in 
Backworth to Walter, prior of Tynemouth, in return for a payment of forty 
shillings." This formed the nucleus of the monastic demesne ; a manorial 
hall was built, and Backworth was reckoned as one of the ten manors 

' The Backworth find was noted in 1812 in local newspapers. It was described briefly by John Bell 
(Arch, Ael. ist series, vol. ii. p. 167) and Hodgson [Northumhcrland, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 440), and more fully 
t)y E. Hawkins [Aychavlogical Journal, \'o\. vii. p. 35: Arch. Institute, Oxford Meeting, 1850, p. 121). For 
the inscriptions see also Bruce (Lapidarium, No. 535), Hiibner {Corpus Iiiscr. Latin, vol. vii. Nos. 1,285, 
1,299), and the writer's note in Arch. Journ. (vol. 1. p. 303, No. 158). Mr. Reginald A. Smith of the 
British Museum has given helpful information. 

' See vol. viii. of this work, p. 55 (13). '' Ibid. p. 67, note 3. 

^ Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 143. 

° Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. 35 b. ' Gibson, Tynemouth, vol. ii. p. xxxvi. 

' St. A Ibau's Register, fols. 62 and tub. ' Feet of Fines, Henry III. No. 107. 


belonging to the prior and convent.' In 1292 the demesne was estimated 
at one and a halt cariicates, and gave a net yearly return of £\ lis. 6d.^ 
It was surveyed in detail in 1295, and found to contain 169 acres 
I rood 20 perches.' 

In Blake-burn and Burudunour in 

West Bacwoith ... 
Between the two towns 

In Waleserse-est 

In Wester-Waleserse 

In Blake-lawe in West Bacworth ... 
In Buiudunside in West Bacworth ... 
On the north side of the town 

In the Nether-flat 

In the Langer-flat 

In Burn-furlange 

On the east side of the prior's hall ... 

The sum of 4s. 6jd. was paid yearly out of Backworth as abbot-scot, 
and 8fd. as prior's cornage.'' The township appears to have been exempted 
from the payment of Hertness-pennies. Eleven customary tenants, probably 
cot-men, contributed 17s. 6d. in the tallage of 1294.* The ordinary annual 
rents due from the township were paid in corn, and amounted in 1292 to 
£^, 14s. 6jd.'' Eight inhabitants occur as paying subsidy in 1296. 







In West-medu-flat 




In Est-medu-fiat 






In Suth-Stanyside 





In Est-Stanyside 





In the Brokes ... 





In West-Stanyside 





At the gate on the 







In Piles-flatt, West Bacworth 



In Crocke-lawe-flat 





In Cote-flat 





In More-gares ... 





In the Sclat-pyttes, 

West Bacworth 



Bacworthe Subsidy 


1296, No. I. 

i s. d. 



Summa bonorum Nicholai Faukes 

2 14 10 unde 



„ Adae filii Johannis ... 




„ Willelmi senescalli ... 




„ Hugonis de eadem ... 

I 14 6 „ 



Summa hujus ville, £i) i6s. lod. 

; undo 

domino regi, 12s. 5 


Bacworthe Subsidy 


1296, No. 2. 

i s. d. 



Summa bonorum Rogeri Suaynwyt 

13 6 unde 




Willelmi filii Galfridi 

13 „ 



Ade Gul 

I 12 4 



„ Robert! de Milneton ... 

15 2 



Summa hujus ville, ^3 14s. ; unde domino regi, 6s. 8|d.' 

' See above, p. 221. The following entry in the Tyncmouth CUartulary (fol. 171) has reference to the 
manorial administration of Backwortli and Monkseaton : 'Omnibus has litteras visuris vel audituris, 
frater Ricardus, prior de Tynemuth, salutem in domino. Noveritis quod, audito compoto Thomae de 
Castro Bernard! de tempore quo stetit serviens noster in maneriis de iiewyk, Seton I\lonachorum, et de 
Bacworth, comperimus eundem de omnibus receptis et expensis fideliter administrasse, et inde fidelem 
compotum reddidisse, propter quod ipsum de his receptis acquietamus, etc. Datum apud Tynemuth, 
XV die Aprilis, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii decimo.' [1336.] 

' Tyiiemoiith Chartulary, fol. 54 b. ' Ibid. fol. 4 b. ■" Ibid. fol. 67. 

'- The names are illegible, the roll having suffered a good deal from fire. The sums contributed were 
small. There was one payment of 5s., one of 3s., one of 2s., three of is. 6d., and three of is. Two 
tenants were too poor to make any contribution. St. Albans Register, fol. no. 

' Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. 54 b. ' Lay Subsidy Roll, ip. 

VOL. IX. 5 


Nicholas Faukes, or Faucus, whose name heads the subsidy roll, was 
a resident in West Backworth. His father, Ralph Faukes, did homage 
for his holding to the abbot of St. Alban's in 1264, and proffered a good 
ambling palfrey by way of recognition.' He himself did homage for his 
father's lands on February ist, 1276, when he paid 3s, 4d. for relief,^ Like 
the other freeholders in Backworth, he was required to do suit to Flatworth 
mill, and with Hugh de Backworth and John, son of Nicholas, he was 
impleaded by the prior of Tynemouth in 1295 for neglecting to perform 
this service.^ 

His son, Henry Faukes, paid half a mark for relief in 1306.' In 13 10 
Henry Faukes came into conflict with Prior Walden over the right of 
pasture in the township, suing him for a hundred marks damage done to 
his crops in West Backworth, by turning cattle into them. The prior 
answered that the custom of the township was that one third of the town 
field should lie fallow every year, and that the prior and his tenants should 
common their cattle on the fallow ; to which Faukes rejoined that the land 
in question was his severalty.'* 

A similar case of disputed possession appears to have arisen with regard 
to a portion of Rodestane moor, lying west of Preston township, to which, 
on July 27th, 1320, Henry Faukes waived his claim, granting to the prior 
and convent by the same deed a wayleave from his quarries in West 
Backworth for carting stones to the priory.'' 

' St. Alban's Register, fols. 62 and in b. 

■■^ Ibid. fols. 63 and 112 b. He again did homage in 1291 ; ibid. fol. 153b. 

' Dc Banco Rolls, No. 109, m. 41 d. The tenants of Backworth were charged is. yearly for timber 
for Flatworth mill, and also paid lod. for other services due to the mill. Tynemouth Chariulary, fol. 67. 

' Henricus Faukes focit homagium dicto domino abbati, et dat pro relevio dimidiam marcam, et pro 
recognicione nihil, quia venit de novo ad terram. St. Alban's Register, fol. 164. 

* Coram Rege Rolls, No. 201. A fragmentary deed in the Tynemouth Chartulary (fol. i6Sb) shows 
that Faukes was compelled to come to terms. ' Universis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Henricus 
Faucus de West Backworth, salutem in domino. Noveritis quod, cum seminassem quasdam culturas in 
campo dicte ville de West Backworth tempore warretti, que de jure jacere debent ad communam pasture 

animalibus domini prioris de Tynemuth, ' For similar suits relating to the right of pasturage 

in which Henry Faukes and his son William w-ere the aggrieved parties, see Coram Rege Rolls, No. 291, 
m. 139 ; No. 294, m. 36 ; and No. 301, m. 65. 

'' ' Concessi et hac praesenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesiae sanctae Mariae et sancti Oswyni 
de Tynemuth, priori et conventui ejusdem loci, et eorundem successoribus monachis de sancto Albano 
apud Tynemuth Deo servientibus, viam largam et sufficientem imperpetuum pro carris et carectis suis 
ad lapides qui vocantur sclates, pro coopertura domorum suarum, de quareris suis in West Bacworth 
cariendas omnibus anni temporibus, videlicet sub gardino meo ultra terram meam et heredum meorum 
et omnium aliorum, ad quorumcumque manus dicta terra mea imposterum devenerit, a porta mea boreali 
usque orientem, sicut terra mea ibidem jacet.' Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. Sob. For the quit-claim of 
land in Rodestane moor, see vol. viii. of this work, p. 316, note i. The whole deed is printed by 
Brand, Newcastle, vol. ii. p. 90. 


The country was about this time in a troubled state, harried by Scots 
and rebels and lawless marauders. In 1323 the two villages of Backworth 
were wasted and burnt,' necessitating the omission for the year of the usual 
service of 'Conveys.' This custom was similar in its character to that already 
described as existing in Whitley,^ and consisted in entertaining the prior of 
Tynemouth, his household, his manorial servants of Preston, and his horses 
and hounds, for the two days and nights following Christmas Day. Henry 
Faukes and John de Backworth, being the two chief tenants, were mainly 
responsible for this ceremony, but the other tenants contributed proportion- 
ably to the size of their holdings, and the prior himself provided a share of 
the entertainment as a charge upon his lands and tenements in Backworth.' 

The relations existing between Faukes and the monastery were not 
always of a friendly character, for, at a free court held at Tynemouth on 
January 20th, 1330, Henry Faukes was condemned to pay £b 6s. 8d. for 
various trespasses committed by him against his lord, and to enter into a 
bond for his loyal behaviour.* 

' See vol. viii. of this work, p. 90. ■ Ihid. pp. 393-394. 

'' Recognicio Johannis de Bacworth et Henrici Faukes del conveyez in Bacworth. A tous ceux qi 
cestes lettres verront ou orront, Henri Faukes et Johan de Bacworth, salutz en Dieu. Come nous, entre 
les autres services que nous devoms au priour de Tynemouth, devoms une feste par an a Bacworth le 
jour de seint Estevene en Noel et lendemeyn, c'est assavoir de receivre et pescre honurablement tote la 
fraunche meigne le dit priour, et touz ces autres servauntes de la priorie de Tynemuth et de son manoir 
de Preston qi prenent liveree du gerner ou du celer, et les chevaux et chiens le dit priour de Tynemouth 
et du dit manoir de Preston ; de lour trover touz lour necessaries par deux jours et deux noitz, sauve que 
le dit priour nous deit allower et reprendre de sa dite meigne et de ces chevaux et chiens solom la 
porcion des terras et tenementz q'il ad en Bacworth, et auxi que les autres tenaunts en la dite ville de 
Bacworth qi devent partie de ditz services et facent lour purpartie de ditz services queux eux devent ; 
e pur ceo que nos mesons en la ville de Bacworth sunt ars et destrutz par guerre, par quoi nous ne pooms 
receivre ne escer les avantditz gentz ne chevaux ne chiens si covenablement come nostre volente convoit 
et come nous sumes tenutz, et le dit priour a ceste forz de sa grace nous ad soeffert et esce pur cest an 
de les ditz services pur du nostre donaunt et par la reson del arson avant dit ; nous graunteoms pur nous 
et pur nos heirs par cestes lettres que la dite soeffraunce et ese q'il nous ad fait a ceste forz de sa grace 
ne turne a prejudice a lui ne a ses successours apres ces hures. En tesmoignance de queu chose, a ces 
presentes lettres avoms mys nos seals et fait gree au dit priour pur les services avant ditz pur cest an. 
Par tesmoignaunce Wauter de la Val, Thomas de Fenwyk, Robert de Ryhill, Thomas de Hidewyne, 
Aleyn du Chastel. Escrit a Tynemouth a meskerdy en la feste de seint Estevene, Tan du regne le roi 
Edward filz au roi Edward diseitisme. [December 28th, 1323.] Originale istius litterae suprascriptae 
est in thesauro. Tynemouth Chcirtuhuy, fol. 70. 

' Pateat universis per presentes quod, cum ego Henricus Faukes domino meo, domino Ricardo, 
priori de Tynemuth, pro diversis transgressionibus eidem domino meo per me factis, prout in rotulo 
libere curie de Tynemuth tente ibidem die Sabbati proximo post festum sancti Hillarii, anno regni 
Edwardi tertii tertio plenius continetur, juste et rationabiliter condempnatus fuissem in vj' vj' viij'', 
quam pecuniam predictus dominus meus levare distulit et differre gratiose concessit quamdiu bene me 
erga predictum dominum meum et domum suam gessero et habuero ; et si contingat, quod absit, quod 
geram me vel habeam de cetero erga predictum dominum meum et domum suam aliler quam bene juste 
debite et honeste in verbo seu opere, et super hoc per fidedignos ex parte predicti prioris domini mei 
producendos convinci potero ; obligo me, heredes, et executores meos fide media solvere predicto domino 
meo priori seu successoribus suis pecuniam predictam, etc. Datum apud Tynemuth, die dominica post 
festum sancti Jacobi apostoli, anno regni Edwardi tertii quinto. [July 2Sth, Ijjl-] IbiJ. fol. 164b. 

A few years later William Faukes, son of Henry Faukes, entered into a similar obligation : Pateat 
universis per presentes quod, cum ego Willelmus Faukus, filius Henrici Faukus, minus bene ante haec 


His son and successor, William Faukes, also fell into controversy with 
the prior and convent, the subject of dispute being the nature and extent of 
his services. On November 20th, I339> an agreement was arrived at, under 
which Faukes was to continue to render homage and fealty and to make 
suit to tlie prior's free court every third week. Cornage, the service called 
Conveys, and carriage-service to Flatworth mill, had already been commuted 
for money-payments ; and the remainder of his services to the mill and his 
agricultural duties were now likewise commuted. The total sum at which 
his services were assessed was twenty shillings a year, but, in return for this 
acknowledgment, he was allowed a rebate of four shillings during his life- 
time. The various dues and works and their monetary value were as follow : 

s. d. 

Abbot's cornage ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 2 o 

Prior's cornage ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3 4 

Conveys ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 8 4 

Repairing the mill and carting timber thither ; boon-are and boon-harrow ; reaping the 

prior's harvest with two men, and finding four men for the great boon-work ... ... 4 4 

Suit to the mill ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 20' 

tempora me habuerim et gesserim erga Ricardum priorem de Tynemuth, ad dampnum ipsius prioris et 
ecclesiae suae non modicum et gravamen, propter quod obligo me, heredes et executores nieos, dicto 
priori in sexaginta solidis sterlingorum cum per testes fideles ex parte predict! prioris producendos, etc. 
Et ad predictam solucionem faciendam, si me convinci contingat ut est predictum, quod absit, Henricum 
P'aukes, patrem meum, fidejussorem meum inveni, qui se similiter principalem CQnstituit debitorem, etc. 
Juravi eciam, tactis sacrosanctis evangeliis, quod bene fideliter et honeste erga predictum priorem et 
suos de cetero me habebo. In premissorum testimonium tam predictus Henricus, pater mens, quam ego 
presentibus sigilla nostra apposuimus. Datum apud Tynemuth, xij die Junii, A.D. 1335. Ibid. fol. 169. 

' Hec indentura, facta inter dominum Michaelem abbatem de sancto Albano, Ricardum priorem de 
Tynemouth, et ejusdem loci conventum ex parte una, et Willelmum Faukes de Bacworth ex parte alia, 
testatur quod, cum controversia mota esset inter prefatos abbatem, priorem et conventum, et predictum 
Willelmum de serviciis, redditibus, et consuetudinibus que predict! abbas, prior et conventus a prefato 
Willelmo exigebant pro terris et tenenientis que idem Willelmus de ipsis, etc., tenet in West Bakworth, 
videlicet de homagio et fidelitate, et duobus solidis pro cornagio abbatis annuatim solvendis in festo 
apostolorum Petri and Pauli, et pro quodam redditu quadraginta denariorum annuatim solvendo ad 
festa sancti Martini et pentecoste, et sex denariorum pro cariagio ad molendinum de Flatford faciendo, 
et pro secta ad molendinum ipsius prioris facienda, et de quadam consuetudine que vocatur Conveys, 
videlicet festum ad natale Domini per duos dies et duas noctes familiae prioris et conventus cum equis 
et canibus ejusdem familiae quolibet anno, vel octo solidos et quatuor denarios pro voluntate prioris, et 
faciendo et reparando quandam partem molendini predict!, et faciendo quolibet anno unum bon-eor 
et unum bon-harwe cum duobus ecjuis quando priori placuerit semel in anno apud Bacworth vel alibi, et 
ad inveniendum in autumpno duos homines ad metendum blada prioris apud Bacworth vel alibi, et ad 
magnam precariam quatuor homines, et quod tunc ipsemet iret ultra metentes, et quod faceret sectam 
ad curiam prioris de tribus septimanis in tres septimanas ; quae quidem servicia, redditus et consue- 
tudines fatebatur se debere predictis abbati, priori et conventui, pro terris et tenementis suis predictis ; 
et postmodum inter eos conquievit in hunc modum : videlicet quod predict! abbas, prior et conventus 
concesserunt prefato Willelmo et heredibus suis omnia terras et tenementa sua predicta tenenda de ipsis 
abbati, priori et conventui, et eorum successoribus per homagium et fidelitatem et faciendo sectam ad 
curiam prioris apud Tynemuth vel alibi ubi libera curia prioris tenetur infra libertatem ejusdem prioris 
vel successorum suorum de tribus septimanis in tres septimanas, et reddendo inde annuatim prefatis 
priori et conventui et eorum successoribus viginti solidos argenti solvendos ad festa Pentecoste et 
Sancti Martini in hieme per equales portiones imperpetuum ; videlicet, pro cornagio predicto duos 
solidos et quadraginta denarios prius debitos, et pro consuetudine predicta cjue vocatur Conveys octo 
solidos et quatuor denarios, et pro cariagio ad molendinum debito et pro factura et reparacione ejusdem 
molendini et bon-eor et bon-harwe et pro dietis in autumpno supradictis quatuor solidos et quatuor 


Information regarding the Backworths of East Backworth is less full 
than in the case of the Faukes family, but here too there were quarrels. 
When Abbot Maryns came to Tynemouth in 1306, John dc Backworth 
refused to pay any sum for recognition, and his case was referred to the 
decision of the free court. ^ His interest in Backworth appears to have 
been subsequently acquired by the prior and convent, for in 1345 Robert 
de Tewyng granted to the monastery the reversion, upon the death of 
John de Backworth, of a messuage, 112 acres, and six shillings rent in 
Backworth. These premises were found to be held by suit of court and 
13s. 8d. yearly rent.^ In 1353 the prior and convent acquired in addition 
four tofts and a hundred acres in Backworth from William de Backworth 
and Matilda his wife.' 

The Scot family of Newcastle and Elswick were also proprietors in 
this township, their title originating in a lease, probably for a term of lives, 
of twenty acres in Elswick and thirty-six acres in West Backworth, made 
by Prior Dunham {circa 1252-1265) to Nicholas Fitz Mayor of Newcastle.^ 
These lands were in 13 12 in the possession of Nicholas, son of John Scot, 
who, with Isolda his wife, then made an entail of his property in Newcastle, 
Elswick and Backworth, in favour of his son, John Scot.' 

By successives purchases during the fourteenth century the prior and 
convent accumulated lands in Backworth." Thus they received pardon in 
1307 for acquiring seven tofts and 140 acres in East and West Backworth 

denarios, et pro secta ad molendinum prioiis piedicta duos solidos, et pro omnibus aliis serviciis, 
redditibus, consuetudinibus et demandis quae a prefato Willelmo et heredibus suis exigi poterunt in 
futurum. In cujus rei testimonium, etc. Hiis testibus, Roberto de la \'ale, Johanna de Fenwyk, et 
Roberto Darreys, militibus, Tboma de Fenwyk, Alano de Fenwyk, Johanna de Saton, et ahis. Datum 
quoad prefatum abbatem apud sanctum Albanum in festo sancti Edmundi, regis et martiris, A.D. 1339, 
et quoad prefatos priorem et conventum et Willahnum apud Tynamulh in festo sancti Andree apostoh 
anno supradicto. [November 20th and November 30th.] 

Noverint univarsi par presentes quod, cum Willelmus Faukes de Bacvvorth teneat de abbate de 
Sancto Albano, priore de Tynemuth et ejusdem loci convantu, terras et tenementa sua in Wast Bacworth 
per homagium et fidalitatam et per servicium viginti solidorum per annum, etc., iidem abbas, prior et con- 
ventus, remiserunt, etc., et quietum clamaverunt predicto Willelmo quatuor solidos de predictis viginti 
solidis annul redditus tota vita ipsius Willelmi, etc. Datum apud Tynemuth, die lunaa proxima post 
fastum Sanctaa Katerinae virginis, A.D. 1339. [November 29th.] Ibid. fol. 120. 

' Quia Johannes de Bacworth dicebat sa non teneri ad recognicionem faciendam domino abbati in 
adventu suo apud Tynem', preceptum fuit compeliere dictum Johannem per capcionem avariorum usque 
ad satisfaccionam condignam ; et postaa venit idem Johannes at optulit domino abbati inquisicionem 
habendam utrum ipse et antecessores sui solebant facere recognicionem talem de consuetudine, vel liberi 
esse a tali contribucione, prout idem Johannes asserit ; et conceditur ei usque ad liberam curiam post 
fastum sancti Michaelis, et preceptum est par abbatem senescallo prioris ut sequatur pro abbate ut huic 
inde fiat plena justicia. St. Alban's Registey, fol. 164. 

'"' See vol. viii. of this work, p. 115 ; Inq. ad quod damnum, file cclxxix. No. 9. 

' Feet of Fines, Edward III. No. 99. * St. Alban's Register, fol. 129. 

^ Feet of Fines, Edward II. No. 24. ' See vol. viii. of this work, pp. 115-117. 



from Adam de Pickering, formerly coroner of the liberty; and in 1325 a 
toft and forty acres of land belonging to John, son of Ralph the serjeant, of 
Monkseaton, became part and parcel of the monastic possessions/ In this 
case a record exists of the terms on which the holding was granted out 
to its first lessee. William Frere took the toft and lands for the term of 
his life. He engaged himself to pay, during the first year, 6d. for every 
acre he should sow. The second year he should pay a mark, and twenty 
shillings lor every subsequent year, and four shillings for customary 
services. The above payments were to be made to the warden of the 
lady-chapel of Tynemouth. Other services were due to the prior, namely, 
5d. for abbot's cornage, i^d. for carriage work to the mill, fd. for prior's 
cornage, and 2s. 3d. for Conveys. He was also to do suit to the mill, to 
do boon-ere and boon-harrow every other year, and to find one man every 
other year to do one day's reaping, and one man every year to work in 
the great boon-work. He agreed to build on the toft at his own cost, and 
as there were no buildings on the land at the time of his taking the lease, 
he was excused the payment of a fine for admittance." The lease shows 
the old bondage system passing into tenant right. A contractual element 
begins to intrude into, and to model, customary status. 

Survey of Bacworth, 1377.' 

Tenant, Holding. Convent rent. 

s. d. 

Thomas Copon Land at the lord's will ; paying 20s. rent to the — 

master of the lady-chapel and 2s. to the prior ... 

Master of the lady-chapel 2 cottages, 7 acres 6 o 

.^dam Mayson One bondage holding 13 4 

Do. I cottage, 4 acres 4 o 

' The title deeds of this propeity, as set out in the Tynemouth Chartulayy (fols. 86 and 87) are: 
(i) grant from John fitz Ralph to John de Houworth, dated at Tynemouth, May 5th, 1321 : 'hiis testibus, 
dominis Roberto de la \'al, Adam de Benton, militibus, Johanne de Bacworth, Henrico Faukes, Sinione 
de Welteden, Johanne de Horsley, juniore, et aliis ' ; (2) conveyance of this and other lands by John de 
Houworth, vicar of Tynemouth, to Thomas de Raynton, dated March 19th, 1324/5 ; (3) conveyance by 
Thomas de Raynton to the prior and convent, dated August 5th, 1325. 

- Curia senescalli Willelmus Frere cepit ad terminum vite sue illud toftum et illam terram 

cum pertinenciis que fuerunt Johannis de Seton in villa de Bacworth, reddendo inde custodi capelle 
sancte Marie de Tynemuth pro uno anno, videlicet ad festum pentecoste anno domino 1330 et ad festum 
sancti Martini tunc proximum sequens, per equales porciones, pro qualibet acra quam ipse de predicta 
terra seniinaverit vj'' ; et in anno sequenti ad prediclos terminos unam marcam, et ex ceteris singulis 
annis quamdiu vixerit xx solidos ad terminos prenotatos, et alia servicia inde debita et consueta, 
videlicet ad terminos prenotatos iiij solidos ; ac priori servicia subscripta, videlicet pro cornagio abbatis, 
v'', et pro cariagio molendino j'' ob., et pro cornagio prioris ob. quad., et conveys videlicet ij' iij''. Et 
faciet sectam suam de molendino prout ad tantam terram pertinet in eadem villa, et bon-er et bon-harou 
quolibet altero anno ; et similiter inveniet unum hominem quolibet altero anno in autumpno per unum 
diem ad metendum, et quolibet anno vite hominem ad magnam precariani. Et predictum toftum 
suniptibus suis edificabitur, quia tempore illo quo illud cepit, nichil omnino fuit ibi edificatum, et ideo 
nichil dat pro ingressu. Ibid. fol. 159. 

" Ibid. fols. 53 and 60 b. 


Survey of Bacworth 1377 {contimud). 

Tenant. Holding. - Convent rent. 

s. d. 

Adam Sadeler's wife ... i cottage, 4 acres ... ... ... ... ... 3 o 

William Laundels ... i cottage, 3 acres ... ... ... ... ... 3 o 

William Horton ... ... I acre ... ... ... ... ... ... ... o 6 

Simon Punder ... ... 4 acres ... ... ... ... ... 2 o 

Free Tenant.s. 

John Bacworth ... ... — ... ... ... ... ... 2 3 

William Horton ... ... — ... ... ... ... ... 2 o 

(Formerly — Flane) ... 2 acres o 3I 

The next survey, that taken in 1538, shows that the same changes had 
been at work at Backworth in the fifteenth century as had been operating 
in the other townships. All the freeholds had been extinguished, the whole 
township being in the direct ownership of the prior and convent. The 
monastic demesne had gone out of cultivation. A very small portion of 
the township remained under the plough, 260 acres being arable, and twenty 
acres meadow, while over 1,000 acres were common pasture. The cul- 
tivated land was divided into ten husbandlands or farms of equal size, each 
paying twenty shillings rent, and two and a half quarters of wheat and one 
quarter of oats, as well as 2d. for pannage and 8d. for the tithe of hay. 
Each holding had extensive pastoral rights, namely, common for six oxen, 
six cattle, two horses and thirty sheep. The farms were all in different 
hands, but a single family, named Dennand, held four out of the ten farms. 
The hall-garth was farmed at is. lod. by all the tenants in common." Only 
one hamlet is mentioned, and West Backworth had probably by this time 
been deserted and fallen into decay. 

At a later date, but before 1650, the tenants appear to have divided the 
lands immediately north of Backworth lane into ten closes, each of fifteen 
or sixteen acres in extent, which they severally appropriated. An account 
of the agricultural arrangements of the township, noted down by the Rev. 
John Hodgson in 181 1, is traditional, but in part, at least, trustworthy. 

There are at the head of the village to this day ten fields, each divided in the middle, and which were 
the enclosed arable lands of the several tenants. East of this was the night-close, in which the cattle 
were watched during the nights. Each owner had an equal share of the township, except Robinson, 
whose field is called High and Low Double close. These tenants of Backworth had some large fields in 
which they grew their hay and divided it into tenths. The pasture was on the north side of the village, 
and reached to Halliwell burn. The village herd lived on Hobb's-hill, the name of a field near Halliwell 

' Ministers' Accounts, 38 Hen. VIII. -i Edw. VI. No. 51 ; Gibson, Tyiicmonth, vol. i. p. 223. 
■ Rev. John Hodgson's Collections Earsdon Guard-book. 


In the first half of the seventeenth century several well known families 
had holdings in Backworth. Among them may be mentioned the names 
of Deckham/ Bowes,^ Delaval,^ Otway/ Ogle,* and Grey. Ralph Grey, 
a Newcastle merchant who traced his descent from the Greys of Hebburn 
near Jarrow," first became connected with Backworth in 1628. He pur- 
chased one holding after another, and in 1664 was owner of six out of the 
ten copyhold farms and was in a position to enforce a partition of the 
township upon the four remaining yeomen-farmers. The agreement for 
division, which is dated July 25th, 1664, contains the following clauses: 

Articles of agreement made between Ralph Grey of Newcastle, merchant, of the one part, and James 
Dinninge, John Corneath, Thoinas Mattland, and Thomas Winshipp of Backworth, yeomen, of the 
other part. 

(i) The following parcels of land shall remain in common between the parties : all high-ways, the 
west green and the quarries, the smith's and the herd's garth, the townstead and town-gate, the watering 
springs and the way thence to the west gate of the town, and the way on the east side of the town which 
passeth from the upper corner of Mr. Grey's walled garths. 

(2) The said Ralph Grey shall have, in consideration of his six parts of ten of the town : all houses 
and coat-houses belonging to those si.x farms, the Wheat field and East field, Dymister's nook, the West 
acres, the Castle field and South field, the old garths, the park, the Pease field, Oliver Ogle's close, 
James Bewicke's close, the double close, Anthony Younger's close, John Hymers' close, Mr. Gray's stack 
garth, Mr. Gray's nursery and out-garth, Mr. Gray's garden and bowl-alley, Mr. Gray's curtain-garden, 
the first long garth west from Mr. Gray's garth next the quarry, Oliver Ogle's garth, Mr. Gray's double 
garth, and 54 acres i rood 32^ perches which he is to dyke off out of the North field and Rye hill from 
the north-west corner of Oliver Ogle's garth ; total, 784 acres 2 roods iS perches. 

(3) The rest of the township shall remain to the said Dinninge, Corneath, Mattland, and Winshipp.' 

' Edward Deckham of Gateshead, from whom Deckham's hall takes its name, made his will on 
December 17th, 1614, and thereby devised his lands in Backworth to Robert Brighouse, son of Tempest 
Brighouse, late of Newcastle, draper, and desired the earl of Northumberland to admit him as next heir. 
Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 131. On April 22nd, 162S, Ralph (jrey was admitted to the said lands on the 
surrender of Robert Brighouse. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 

- Henry Bowes, sheriff of Newcastle in 1623, was, on April i6th, 1601, admitted to a tenement in 
Backworth. His son and heir. Sir Francis Bowes of Thornton hall, knight, surrendered his holding to 
Ralph Grey, who was admitted to the same on October 22nd, 1638. Thomas Bowes held a tenement in 
Backworth in 1608. His death was presented at the manor court, October 2nd, 1622, when Ralph 
Bowes, then five years of age, was found to be his son and heir. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. For 
pedigree of Bowes of Thornton see .Surtees, Durham, vol. iii. p. 383. 

^ For Clement Delaval see above, p. 171. An old house in the village, existing in iSii, but since 
demolished, bore the initials of Clement Delaval and of Lucy his wife : 


16 03. 
C L 

Rev. John Hodgson's Collections, Earsdon Guard-book. 

' On April 3rd, 1605, Thomas Otway of Preston was admitted to a tenement in Backworth late be- 
longing to Clement Delaval i Laud Revenue Survey, :6o8. His son, Robert Otway, sold this tenement on 
December ist, 1653, to Ralph Grey the younger; duke of Northumberland's ]\ISS. See also vol. viii. 
of this work, p. 346. 

' A pedigree of Ogle is given below under Burradon. 

« For notes on Grey of Hebburn see Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 74. 

' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 




Arms : Barry 0/ six, nrgivit anii azure, on a //end gules, three /lezants. Pedigree at Heralds' College. 

James Grey of Newcaslle, a younger son of = Eleanor, daughter of Andrew Bewick 

William Grey of Hebburn, co. Durham 
(a) ; will dated 1 6th August, 1599 (m).* 

of Newcastle [married 13th April, 
1587] (/). 

Ralph Grey of Newcastle (fl), had a 
house on the Sandhill, Newcastle, left 
him by his father's will («;) ; appren- 
ticed 30th December, 1605, to Cuth- 
bert Bewick of Newcastle, boothman 
(!) ; was admitted to lands at Back- 
worth, 22nd April, 1628, on the 
surrender of Robert Brighouse (c) ; 
purchased lands at Preston in 1650 
(c) ; died 30th May, i656 ; buried 
at All Saints', Newcastle (/), aged 
82 («) ; will dated 2nd June, 1663 

= Barbara, daughter of William Hall of 

Newcastle, merchant and alderman {a) ; 

sister and at length co-heir of Sir .Alex. 

Hall of Elemore (/) ; held of her own 

right an undivided share of Elemore, co. 

Durham ; widow of Sheffield Calverley 

I of Newcastle («) ; stated to have been 

I married to Ralph Grey in 1625 (^) ; 

I buried 1st April, 1666 (0). 

Cuthbert, buried 

20th Sept., 1596 (0). 
James Grey (»;). 

I I I 
Joshua Grey (nt). 
Margaret (w). 
Eleanor (/«)• 

Ralph Grey of Newcastle («) and Backworth, admitted free of Merchants' 
Company, 15th October, 1656 (O ; was 39 years of age when he 
entered his pedigree, 24th August, 1666 (ji) ; was admitted to lands at 
Preston, 1st October, i656, on the death of his father (c) ; sheriff of 
Newcastle, 1667, and mayor in 1671 ; buried at St. Nicholas', 7th 
December, 1676 (/)) (^) ; administration of personal estate, 2nd May, 1677, 
granted to his widow (/). 

Margaret, daughter of Roger Bateman of 
' Blease,' Westmorland (a) ; surrendered 
lands in Backworth, Earsdon, and Preston, 
17th October, i588, to the use of her son 
Ralph (c) ; stated to have been married in 
1655 ig) ; named in the will of her son 
Williain in 1714 (/). 

„ I I 

Roger, died in infancy ; 
buried 1655 C^). 

Ralph Grey of Newcastle 
and Backworth, bap- 
tised I2lh July, 165S 
(^) ; was 8 years of age 
in 1666 (a) ; admitted 
free of Merchants' Com- 
pany by patrimony, 
22nd March, t6S2 (/) ; 
buried at St. Nicholas', 
23rd November, 1699 
(J>) (^) ; administration 
of his personal estate, 
26thjune, 1700, granted 
to his brother William 


William Grey of the Sandhill, Newcastle, : 
and of Backworth, baptised loth 
November, 1659 (^) ; was 7 years of 
age in 1666 (17) ; educated at Bury 
St. Edmunds and at St. John's Col- 
lege, Cambridge ; matriculated 23rd 
May, 1674, aged 16 (/) ; admitted to 
Lincoln's Inn, gth August, 1676 ; 
admitted to tenements at Backworth, 
Earsdon, Preston, and Monkseaton, 
23rd April, 1700, on the death of his 
brother (r) ; admitted free of the 
Merchants' Companj', i5th October, 
1702, by patrimony (?) ; buried in St. 
Nicholas', Newcastle, 15th July, 1714 
(^) ; will dated 26th May, 1714 ; 
proved 17 16 (c) (/). 

Anne, daughter of 
William Carr of 
Newcastle, alder- 
man (;-), widow 
of Robert Grey 
of Newcastle, 
doctor of physic, 
married 24th 
September, 1705 
(.^) ; she mar- 
ried, thirdly, 
17th September, 
1 71 7, Thomas 
Holmes, comp- 
troller of cus- 
toms, Newcastle 

I I I M 

Richard Grey, baptised 1st 
December, 1661 (^) ; was 5 
years of age in 1666 (<?) ; 
admitted free of the Mer- 
chants' Company by patri- 
mony, 22nd March, 1682 
(;■) ; died 19th February, 
1 701/2 {b) C?) 0). 

James Grey, born 1662 (j?) ; 
was 3 years of age in i656 

Other sons died in infancy (^). 
Margaret, named in her father's 

Ann, named in her father's will. 
Barbara, died in infancy ; buried 

1655 ig)- 

Ralph William Grey of Backworth, baptised at All 
Saints', Newcastle, 8th January, 1707 ; sold his 
portion of Elemore, co. Durham, circa 1 740, to 
George Barber; admitted free of Merchants' Com- 
pany by patrimony, 19th November, 1741 (j) ; 
died 5th Nov., 1786, aged 78 (c) ; buried at St. 
Nicholas' (J>) {c) ; administr.ation of his personal 
estate, 3rd August, 1787, granted to his son (/). 

Mary, daughter William Grey of Margaret, born 

of William 
Rawsthorn of 
Newhall, Lan- 
cashire, buried 
at St. Nicho- 
las', 5th Sep- 
tember, 1746. 

Trinity Col- 
lege, Oxon., 
1 8th Novem- 
ber, 1725, 
aged 17 (r/). 

Gth August, 
i7o6(;); died 
at her house. 
Dean Street, 
Soho, Lon- 
don, May, 
1758 W. 

I I 
.Ann, born 2nd 

June, 1711 ; died 

22nd December, 

1711 (;•). 
.Ann, born 3rd 

August, 1713 ; 

living unmarried, 

1743 ('•)■ 

Ralph William Grey of Backworth, admitted free of Merchants' = Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Brand 

Company by patrimony, 15th .August, 1768 (;) ; high sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1792 ; died iSth July, 18 12, aged 66 ; buried at 
St. Nicholas' ((5); will dated 24th August, iSii ; proved, 1814 (/). 

^of Gosforth, married at Gosforth, 
3rd July, 1777 (c); named in the will 
of her son, Ralph William (/). 

Isabella .Ann 
Alice, born 
4th Februar)', 
1742 (r). 

Vol. IX. 




Ralph William Grey of Back- : 
worth, baptised I2th June, 
1780 (y) ; admitted free of 
Merchants' Company, igth 
Dec, 1S12, by patrimony (/') ; 
sold Backworth in 1821 ; died 
at Doncaster, June, 1822, aged 
42 ; buried at St. Nicholas', 
Newcastle (b") ; will dated 
22ndFeb.,l822; pr.atCanter- 
biiry, l6lh Dec. 1823, and at 
Durham, 19th May, 1828 (/). 

.•\nne, daughter of Sir 
Samuel Clarke Jervoise 
of Idsworth, bart., mar- 
ried at St. George's, 
Hanover Square, i8th 
March, 1817; soledevi- 
see under her husband's 
will subject to certain 
legacies (/) ; she mar- 
ried, secondly, 26th 
December, 1827, John 
Abel Smith ; died 1858. 

Sir Charles Edward Grey, G.C.H., baptised 
29th December, 1785 (g') ; of University Col- 
lege, O.xon. ; matriculated 15th May, 1802, 
aged 16 ; B.A., 1806 ; admitted to Lincoln's 
Inn, 17th May, 1 806 ; fellow of Oriel ; judge 
of Supreme Court of Madras; knighted 17th 
M.ay, 1820; chief justice of Bengal, 1825; 
commissioner for Lower Canada, 1835 ; ad- 
mitted free of Newcastle Merchants' Company, 
5th Aug., 1837 (0 ; M.P.for Tynemouth, 1838- 
1841 ; governor of Windward Islands, 1841, 
and of Jamaica, 1846 ; died June, 1865 ((/). 

dau. of Sir 
S. Clarke 
Jervoise of 
bart.; died 

Ralph William Grey of Chipchase Castle ; M.P. for 
Tynemouth, 1847-1852, for Liskeard, 1854-1859 ; 
secretary to the Poor Law Board, 1851-1852 ; 
commissioner of customs, 1859-1869 (y) ; sold 
Chipchase in 1862 ; died 1869. 

Elizabeth Anne, bom 3rd May, 1818 ; baptised at Marylebone 
(f) ; married George Vivian of Claverton. near Bath, and 
died i8th July, 1902. 

Frances Maria ; married Hon. C. Grantham Scott, and died 
March loth, 1902. 

John Grey, baptised 17th January, 1788 (^) ; lieut.-colonel, Scots 
Greys. ~.\/ 

Henry Rowland Grey, baptised 27th .\ugust, 1790 (^) ; died in his 
father's lifetime (c). 

George Francis Grey, baptised 13th February, 1794 ig) ; of University 
CoUege, O.xon. ; matriculated 26th April, 1811, aged 17; B.A., 
1814 ; fellow, 1814-1S53 ; M..-\., 1822 (</) ; admitted to Lincoln's 
Inn, 19th November, 1S24 ; clerk in orders ; died at Lausanne, 6th 
October, 1854 ; buried at Sallaz, Switzerland. 

Matthew Robert Grey, baptised 21st January, 1 797 (^) ; of Oriel 
College, 0.\on. ; matriculated 26th April, 1814, aged 17; B..^., 
1817 ; fellow of Merton, 1818-1850 ; U.h. 1821 {d) ; died Novem- 
ber, 1850. 

I I I I I 

Elizabeth Mary, baptised 8th June, 1778 (y); married 
istAug., 1805, William Linskill of Tynemouth (jf). 

Mary Eleanor, baptised 3rd June, 1779 (y) ; 
married at Long Benton, 14th December, 1801, 
George Payne of Sulby Abbey, co. Northampton. 

Anne Barbara, baptised 29th October, 1781 (<r) {g') ; 
buried at Easington, 1st March, 1788 (c). 

Charlotte Margaret, baptised 15th January, 1784 
(^) ; married, 8th March, 1 804, William Lewis 
Hughes of Kinmell Park, Denbigh (^) ; after- 
wards created Viscount Dinorben. 

Anne Emma, born 4th July, 1802 (c) ; died at 
Hastings, 4th March, 1827. 

Charles William Grey, captain, R.A., born 
1824 ; died 1855. 

Jervoise John Grey, I.C.S., born : 
1828 ; died 1884. 

: Elizabeth, daughter of H. Holroyd ; 
married 1853. 

Edward Grey of Oriel College, Oxon. ; matric- : 
ulated 13th June, 1850, aged 18 ; admitted 
to Lincoln's Inn lith November, 1865 ; of 
I.C.S. ; residing in 1907 at Rotherfield, 

Lucy Sarah, 
daughter of 
H. Holroyd; 
mar. in Cal- 
cutta, 1863. 

Henry Row- 
1 a n d E. 
Grey, capt. 
R.N., born 
1S34. si/ 

I I 

George Grey, of Oriel College, Seven 

Oxon. ; matriculated 17th daugh- 

Feb., 1853 ; B.A. 1857 ; M.A. ters. 
1859 ; admitted to Lincoln's 
Inn 15th Jan., 1856; died 1877. 

Edward Charles Grey, of Trinity College, Oxon. : matriculated 
17th October, 1885, aged iS ; admitted to Lincoln's Inn, 19th 
November, 1 885 ; Acting .Administrator-General of Bengal, 1903. 

Ralph Henry Grey, born 1868 ; 
sometime lieutenant, Royal Welsh 

Two daugh- 

For the will of James Grey of Newcastle, see Durham Wills and Inventories, Surt. Soc. vol. iii. p. 172. 

(«) Dugdale, Visitation 0/ Noi-thumherland, 1666. 

((}) Welford, St. Nicholas. 

(c) Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 

((/) Foster, .4lumni Oxonienses. 

(e) Admissions to St. John's College, Cambridge. 

(/) Welford, Men of Mark, vol. ii. p'p. 380-383. 

(^) Earsdon Register. 

(0 Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. 

(/f) Newcastle Courant, 3rd June, 1 758, 

(/) Durham Probate Registry. 

(ni) Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

(h) Raine, Test. Ehcr. 

(0) Register, St. Nicholas', Newcastle. 

Ip) Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 193. 

Qf/) Wallsend Register. 

('•) Registered pedigree at Heralds' College. 

Thus the southern portion of the township was allotted in severalty to 
the Greys, while the northern portion remained unenclosed and continued 


to be cultivated in the old fashion by the four 'lairds' of Backwortli.' 
One by one the remaining holdings came into the hands of the Greys ; and 
when, on April 26th, 1707, Nicholas Fenwick of Newcastle, surrendered to 
William Grey the lands which had come to him through Sarah Winship his 
wife, the whole of Backworth became consolidated into a single estate." 

The old hall of the Greys, built in 1675, was replaced in 1792 by 
the present mansion, which continued to be the family residence until 
1822. Disputes with regard to the right of working coal in Backworth 
resulted in the duke of Northumberland's purchase of the whole of the Grey 
estates in Backworth, Preston, Monkseaton, Earsdon, Holywell, and Long 
Benton, in that year for the sum of ^'160,000.^ Since 1822 coal has been 
continuously worked by the Backworth Colliery Company ; fire-brick is 
manufactured out of the seams of clay found in the coal-measures ; and the 
population has increased ten-fold, mainly in the direction of Shire Moor, of 
which 141 acres were annexed to the township upon its division in 1787. 


Burradon township contains 548 acres, and is bounded by Backworth 
upon the east, by Seghill upon the north-east, by Weetslade upon the 
north-west and west, and by Great Benton upon the south. Like Burradon 
in Coquetdale, the place possibly takes its name from an early strong- 
hold which once crowned the eminence.^ Though forming part of Tyne- 
mouth parish, there is little historical connexion between Burradon and 
the neighbouring townships, and it was a detached portion of the lordship 
of Whalton, a barony created by the Conqueror.* 

Walter fitz William, lord of Whalton, informed Henry H. in his cartel 

' In a surrender taken in 1687 the six Grey farms are described as ' boundering on Killingworth moor 
on the south side, and the lands of Burradon on the west side, on the lands of Ralph Bates, esq., and the 
field called Peirson's field on the east side, and on the lands lying undivided and belonging to the lairds 
of Backworth on the north side.' Tynemouth Court Rolls. 

'' Sarah Winship was daughter and heir of Thomas Winship of Newcastle, tanner, who died 
September 2nd, 1695, and granddaughter of Thomas Winship, who was rated for lands in Backworth 
in 1663. Upon her death, which occurred on March 26th, 1732, Thomas Winship of Walker was found 
next heir, as son of John Winship, son of Roger Winship (of Killingworth), brother of Thomas Winship 
the elder. Tynemouth Court Rolls and Monumental Inscription, St. Andrew's, Newcastle. 

' The sale of the copyhold estates was carried into effect by a private Act of Parliament, 1 and 2 
George IV. cap. ix. 

■" The early fonn of the name, Burg-dun, favours its derivation from the Anglo-Saxon hurh, 

''Population statistics are as follow : 1801, 29; iSii, 48; 1821,52; 1831,67; 1841,97; 1851,87; 
1861, 507; 1871, 561 ; 18S1, 1,110; 1891, 1,156; 1901, 1,215. 


of 1166 that he had enteoffed William de Newham, Bertram de Widdring- 
ton and Gilbert de Ogle of half a knight's fee of his demesne.' His grant 
to Bertram de Widdrington included the vill of Widdrington and half of 
Burradon,^ and was made before the year 1162. Gilbert de Ogle's original 
fee lay in the village from which he took his name, but was extended by 
Constance de Cramavill, heiress of Walter fitz William/ who granted to 
him the other moiety of Biirradon. The services rendered by Widdrington 
and by Ogle are given in the inquest of 1240 as one knight's fee and one 
and a half knight's fees of the old feoffment respectively.^ Ogle's moiety 
was held subject to a yearly payment of sixpence for castle-ward.* 

' Red Book of the Exchequer, Rolls Series, p. 436. 

- ' Villain que vocatiir Wedringtuna et medietatem Burgdunie.' The Rev. John Hodgson, in printing 
the deed (Northumberland, part ii. vol. ii. p. 248), reads Burgundic, but the grant was not of such a princely 
character. William de Grenville, one of the witnesses, died in or about the year 1162. 

' Walter fitz William survived to the year 1 172, when he paid scutage (Pipe Rolls, ed. Hodgson, p. 21). 
His wife's name was Isabella, and with her he was a joint benefactor of He.\ham priory (Hodgson, 
Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 167) ; but he appears to have left no male issue by his marriage. His 
daughter and heiress, Constance [Pipe Rolls, p. 68 ; Brinkburn Chnrtulary, p. 57), married Ralph de 
Cramavill, who paid scutage for the Whalton barony in 1197 {Pipe Rolls, p. 62). Ralph de Cramavill 
appears to have died in that year, for his widow paid a fine in 1198 on condition that she should not be 
distrained to many again against her will {ibid. p. 65). Constance de Cramavill continued to hold the 
barony in her own right until 1202 {ibid. p. 81), but in 1203- 1204 her land was in the king's hand 
{ibid. pp. 85, 87). She w-as still living in 1210 {Placitorum Abbreviaiio, p. 67). Her heir, Robert de 
Cramavill, paid a fine and relief for Whalton barony in 1204 {Pipe Rolls, p. 88). He made a grant of 
the whole barony in the following year to Robert fitz Roger, lord of Warkworth {Rotiili Litteraruni 
Clausarum, Record Com. vol. i. p. 35 ; Rotnli Chartarum, Record Com. p. 152). 

Helwys, second daughter of Walter fitz William, married Richard de Canvill (Pipe Rolls, p. 46) 
in or about the year 1188, and carried with her to her husband certain lands in Northumberland. 
Gosforth appears to have been included in her dowry, for Richard de Canvill, with the consent of his wife, 
confirmed that place to his son-in-law, Robert de Insula (Dodsworth MS. 49, fol. 34). The seignory, 
however, remained with the descendants of the elder sister. An inquisition taken in 1212 states that 
nothing had been alienated from the barony (Testa de Nevil in Arch. Ael. 2nd series, vol. x.xv. p. 154). 

The Rev. John Hodgson's pedigree of the lords of Whalton {Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 372) 
is mainly founded upon Dugdale and is incorrect in its earlier stages, which should be as follow : 

Walter fitz William = Isabella. 

i I 

Ralph de Cramavill = Constance. Helwys = Richard de Canvill. 

I I 

Robert de Cramavill. A daughter, who married Robert de Insula, 

a quo Lisle of Felton. 

Constance de Cramavill's grant to Gilbert Ogle was confirmed by her son, Robert de Cramavill, in 
the following charter {circa 1204) : 

Sciant tarn futuri quam presentes quod ego, Robertus de Giamavill, hares domine Constancie de 
Gramavilla, concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Gilberto de Oggel totam medietatem ville 
de Burgedun cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, etc., scilicet illani medietatem quam Constancia mater mea 
vidua Gilberto de Ogg^ell pro homagio suo et servicio dedit et concessit et carta sua confirmavit. Quare 
volo quod predictus Gilbertus de Oggell et heredes sui post se habeant et teneant predictam terrain, etc., 
quietam de me et de heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, libere et quiete, etc., reddendo annuatim sex 
denarios ad wardam Novi Castelli supra Tinam, etc. Hiis testibus, Waltero filio Gilberti, Germano 
Tisun, Oteweio de Insula, Roberto de Ncuhain, Galfrido de Wdringtun, Nicholao de Morewic, Willelmo 
Mautalent, Willelmo Scotto, Hugone de Aiscnd', Hugone de Morewic, Willelmo de Caistillun, Adam filio 
Gilberti, Roberto de Glanteleie, Roberto de Oggell, Adam Scotto, et multis aliis. Brumell Charters, 
No. I. This collection of ancient deeds is in the custody of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, and 
has been calendared in Arch. Ael. 2nd series, vol. xxiv. pp. 115-123. 

' Testa de Nevill, Record Com. p. 382 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 204. 

' See Robert de Cramavill's charter quoted above. 


Agnes, widow of Gilbert de Ogle II., is found in 1222 claiming 
eighty-four acres of land in Burradon as dower from Thomas de Ogle, 
guardian of the land and person of Hugh de Ogle. She compounded 
her claim for an annuity of twenty shillings.' As she was entitled to a 
third of her husband's estate, it follows that the Ogle moiety was then 
estimated to contain 252 acres. Its size was increased or its title was 
assured in 1241, when Adam de Replinton quit-claimed to Gilbert de 
Ogle III. all right to a fourth part of the manor of Burradon and to 
eight shillings rent issuing from the vill." 

Probably before the date of Quia Emptor cs (1290) the Ogle moiety 
passed to the Grapers.^ The name of Peter Graper, four times burgess 
for Newcastle and mayor of that town in 1304- 1306, stands alone under 
Burradon in the subsidy-roll of 1296.^ His heir, Adam Graper, married 
Agnes, daughter and co-heiress of Richard de Emeldon, mayor of New- 
castle, by whom he had no male issue, but left two daughters, Matilda and 
Alice. Alice succeeded to her father's lands in Burradon. She M'as twice 
married, first to Robert Orde, and secondly to Nicholas Sabraham.'' In 
1387 Sabraham and his wife entailed their half of the manor upon their 
son-in-law and daughter, Walter and Alice Lewyn, and upon the heirs of 
their bodies, with ultimate remainder to Alice Sabraham 's right heirs." 
The moiety reverted in due course to the descendants of Alice Sabraham 
by her first marriage, as appears by an enfeoffment of the property made 
by John Laton, chaplain, and John Scaleby to William Orde and 
Christiana his wife.' In an inquisition taken in 1441, the manor was re- 
turned as worth twenty-six shillings, and in 1482 as worth twenty shillings 
yearly and no more, by reason of the barrenness of the soil, and the 
devastation of the country-side by war and Scottish invasions.* 

' Curia Regis Rolls, No. 8i. Compare Pipe Rolls, ed. Hodgson, p. 127. 

■ Feet of Fines, Hen. III. No. loS. 

^ In 1441 this moiety of Burradon was found to be held of Sir Robert Ogle ' ut de manerio suo de 
Ogle per servicium unius paris calcarium deauratorum.' Inq. p.m. 19 Hen. VI. No. 13. 

' Sumnia bonorum Petri Graper, ^4 15s. 4d. ; unde regi, 8s. 8d. Lay Subsidy Roll, Northumber- 
land, ip. 

' A pedigree of Graper is given in vol. vii. of this work, p. 391. For an account of the descendants 
of Adam Gr.aper and Alice de Emeldon, see Dendy, ' Jesmond,' in Arch. Ael. 3rd series, vol. i. pp. 65-68. 

' Feet of Fines, 10 Ric. II. No. 22. 

' Inq. p.m. 19 Hen. VI. No. 13. Yet Walter Levvin and Alice Sabraham left descendants in the male 
line to the sixth generation. See the Lewin pedigree in vol vi. of this work, p. 148. 

* Inq. p.m. cit. and 22 Edw. IV. No. 22. 



In 1548 George Orde conveyed to his nephew, Bertram Ander- 
son of Newcastle, his manor of Burradon and lands in Burradon, 
Jesmond and Elswick.^ Bertram Anderson appears to have resided 

Burradon Tower. 

here,^ and may be identified with the builder of the tower which is still 

' Feet of Fines, 2 Edw. VI., also Mich, i and 2 Eliz. Members of the Orde family continued to reside 
at Burradon. ' 1648, November 28th, Catherine, daughter of Edward Ourd of Burradon, gent., baptised.' 
Earsdon Registers. 

■ Bertram Anderson is described as of Burradon in a list of border commissioners drawn up in I553i 
and published by Hodgson-Hinde, Northumberland, p. 360. 



The tower is comparatively small. It measures on the exterior 
twenty-five feet three inches by twenty-two feet six inches, and rises 
three stories in height, unbroken by any architectural feature or projec- 
tion. It is built of small rough rubble stones, well bonded at the angles 
with good long quoins, and is surmounted at the roof level with a para- 
pet carried on a corbel table. A machicolation on three oversailing 

SovfTH Elevation 

East Elevatioai 

Sect ion -At A. 

BuPRADoN Tower 

5cALE OF ItET 1_, 


W H Knowles 


corbel stones occurs on the east side over the entrance door. This has 
a flat arched head composed of two stones, and opens into a basement 
with a slightly pointed vault, to which a small slit at the north end 
alone gave light and ventilation. 

The upper floors are reached by a circular newel stair on the left ot 
the entrance and in the south-east angle of the tower. A square-headed 
door leads directly off the staircase to the first floor, which is occupied 



by a single apartment measuring nineteen feet three inches by sixteen 
feet two inches. It possesses a fireplace bearing on its lintel the letters 
L O (Lancelot Ogle) and the date 1633, while traces of two shields and 
some floral decoration occupy the space between the initials. About the 

same time as the erec- 
tion of the fireplace, 
a good three - light 
window was inserted 
in the south wall. 
This had fallen out 
previous to 1876, but 
the sill remains, and 
shows the window to 
have been unusually 
large for a tower of 
this class. There 
may have been a se- 
cond window where 
the wall is broken 
away on the west, 
and a small slit oc- 
cupies the north-east 
angle by the side of 
the fireplace. The 
apartment on the 
second floor is of 
the same size as the 
chamber below. It 
was probably lighted 
and warmed in a 
similar fashion.^ 
As stated above, the second moiety of Burradon was held in 11 66 
by Bertram de Widdrington. He or his successor made enfeoffment 01 

' Writing in 1833 Mr. T. M. Richardson states that the two lower apartments 'have been rendered 
habitable by an internal roofing of tile, and are now appropriated as a portion of an adjoining farm- 
residence, which, with its offices, are attached to two sides of the tower.' Castles of the English and 
Scottish Borders. The w^hole, as shown in Mr. Richardson's sketch, formed a very picturesque group. 
At the present time the tower stands alone, and is in a very ruinous and neglected condition. 

Fireplace i.\ Burradon Tower. 


the same to a certain Oelard, whose services are set out in GeoflVey de 
Widdrington's confirmation of his father's gift. Oelard was engaged to 
pay a yearly rent of ten shillings on St. Cuthbert's Day to the lord of 
Widdrington, as well as 3s. 4d. on the first Sunday in May for castle-ward. 
He was to perform the third part of the forinsec services incumbent upon 
the fee of Widdrington, and to pay suit to the courts of that manor when 
specially summoned. On the other hand, he was allowed to have his own 
mill, and was protected by his lord from forfeits and aids imposed by the 
baron of Whalton, from the sheriff's forfeit, and from the king's fine.' 

An interest in this moiety was acquired at a later date by the Killing- 
worths of Killingworth. On October ist, 1268, William, son of Ranulph, 
son of Adam de Killingworth, transferred to Roger Baret of Burradon 
all right to land in that place, formerly belonging to his grandmother, 
Asceline, daughter of Geliana.^ His brother Henry, son of Ranulph de 
Killingworth, also released to Roger Baret his title to Burradon, and granted 
to him thirty acres of land with a toft and croft in the same place. ^ In 1293 
the same Roger Baret sued William Prudhune and Adam, son of Robert 

' Galfridus de Wdrintun omnibus hominibus suis Francis et Anglis, et omnibus qui banc caitam 
viderint vel audierint, salutem. Noveritis tarn presentes quam posteri quod ego Galfridus de Wdrintun 
concessi et hac presenti carta confirmavi Oelardo de Burwindune dimidium Burwedunie quod pater 
meus ei dedit, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, ei et heredibus suis, ad tenendum de me et heredibus 
nieis Hbere et quiete, in feodo et hereditate, reddendo inde annuatim decern solidos ad festum sancti 
Cuthberti in Septembri et reddendo quadraginta denarios ad wardam [castri in] prima dominica mensis 
maii, faciendo insuper terciam partem forinsecorum serviciorum qua pertinent ad feodum meum de 
Wdrintune. Predictus vero Oelardus quietus erit de forefacto et auxilio domini mei et de forefacto 

vicecomitis et de misericordia regis si inscidero Habebit itaque suum molendinum et 

veniet ad placita mea si specialiter submonitus fuerit, et bee predicta servicia faciendo Oelardus 
liber sit et quietus ab omnibus rebus pertinentibus ad me Galfridum de Wdrintun. His sunt testes, 
Willelmus de Vals, Osbertus clericus de Wdrintune, Ricardus clericus [de] Wdehorn, Willelmus 
presbiter de Wdrintune, Rogerus de Merlai, Engelram de Uumar, Willehiius de Looneis, Adam Barate, 
Rogerus de Chivintune, Thomas clericus, Willelmus clericus de Emeldune, Robertus de Erdesdune, 
Edolfus filius Evede, Randulfus frater Galfridi de Wdrintune, Rogerus frater ejusdem Galfridi. Bruincll 
Charters, No. 2. 

-' Sciant presentes omnes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Ranulphi filii .Ade de Kyllingworthe, 
anno gratie mcclxviij, die veneris proxima post festum sancti Michaelis, relaxavi et quietum clamavi pro 
me et heredibus meis Rogero Baret de Burud' totum jus et clamium quod habui, etc., in tota terra cum 
pertinenciis suis que fuit quondam Asceline lilie Geliane avie mee in Burudun, etc. Et pro hac 
relaxacione et quietaclamacione predictus Rogerus dedit mihi quandam summam pecunie in mea magna 
necessitate, etc. Hiis testibus, Ada Baret, Johanne de Biker, Johanne de parva Bentona, Hugone de 
eadem villa, Galfrido de Wydeslad, Willelmo de eadem villa, Ricardo de Sancto Petro de Kyllmgworth, 
Ada de Haverden et multis aliis. Ibid. No. 3. 

' Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Henricus filius Ranulfi de Kyllingwrth salutem. 
Noveritis me, etc., dedisse, etc., pro me et heredibus meis Rogero Barat de Burewedun triginta .acras 
terre cum tofto et crofto in villa de Burewedun, etc. Concessi etiam eidem Rogero, etc., et quietum 
clamavi totum jus et clamium quod aliquando habui, etc., in dicta villa de Burewedun, etc. Dedi etiam et 
concessi, etc., eidem Rogero, etc., omnia servicia debita et consueta que Henricus Hyrning et antecessores 
sui mihi et heredibus meis facere consueverunt, etc. Testibus domino Johanne de Wydrigton, domino 
Ada Barat, Johanne de Benton, Willelmo de Wydeslad, Ricardo de Killingwrth clerico, Willelmo de 
parva Benton, Hugone de Bacwrth, et aliis. Ibid. No. 4. 

Vol. 1.x. 7 


Tod, for the third part of a messuage and a hundred acres in Killingvvorth, 
as the inheritance of Alice, wife of Wythelard de Killingvvorth, who was 
great-great-great-grandmother to the parties in the suit. The defence, tliat 
Baret already held in Biirradon a messuage and fifty acres of land, by 
hereditary descent from Alice de Killingworth, was found good by the jury.' 
Roger Baret, Peter Graper, and Adam de Killingvvorth were the only 
persons assessed for subsidy in 131 2 under the head of Burradon. 


C s. d. s. d. 

Summa bonorum Rogeri Baiet ... ... ... 2 15 4 uncle regi 5 6i 

„ Petri Graper 5 10 4 „ 1 1 oi 

„ Ade de Killingwrtli ... ... o 10 o „ 10 

-Suinina summarum particulariimi, ^8 15s. Sd. ; unde regi, 17s. 7d.' 

It appears that Roger Baret was brother of Sir Adam Baret of 
Benton, knight, for whom he became surety in 1278, when the latter was 
distrained to take knighthood.^ He left descendants, for on August 25th, 
1402, Thomas de Ullesby, clerk, quit-claimed to Margery, sister and heir 
of Thomas Baret, chaplain, all right to lands and tenements in Burradon, 
as well as to a rent-charge issuing out of a house in Pilgrim Street, out- 
side the gate of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and to a windmill there.^ 

Another early deed, connected vv'ith Burradon, records a grant made 
{circa 1290) by Alice, daughter of John Doune of Tynemouth, to William, 
son of Roger de Burradon, of all her arable land in Burradon and of the 
meadow and pasture adjacent thereto in return for a fee-farm rent of 7^d/ 

' Assize Roll, Northumberland, 21 Edw. I. In 1283-12S5 Gilbert de Heton granted to Roger Baret 
of Burradon his share in two messuages in Newcastle, formerly belonging to John VVythelaid. Bowes 
Charters, No. 22. This collection of deeds was transcribed by the Rev. James Raine, and has been 
quoted in vol. i. of this work under liamburgh and Beadnell. Independent transcripts of some of the 
Bowes charters are to be found in the Rev. John Hodgson's Collections, M.S. Materials, vol. F. 

- Lay Subsidy Roll, ijs. " Hodgson-Hinde, Northumberland, p. 296. 

' Noverint universi per presentes me Thomam de Ullesby clericurn remisisse et quietum clamasse 
Margeriae, sorori et heredi Thomae Baret capellani, totum jus, etc., quod habeo in omnibus terris et 
tenementis in villa et in territorio de Borowdon ju.\ta Weteslade et alibi infra vicecomitatum Nonhumbriae, 
cum uno annuo redditu se.xdecim solidorum e.xeuncium de uno messuagio cum pertinenciis in villa 
Novi Castri supra Tynam in vico peregrinorum extra porlam viUae praedictae, siniul cum uno molendino 
ventritico ibidem quod habui e.\ dono et feoffamento praedictae Margeriae. Datum die veneris proxima 
post festum sancti Bartholomei apostoli anno regni regis Henrici quarti post conquestum Angliae tercio. 
Bowes Charters, No. 12. 

* Sciant universi per presentes quod ego Alicia, filia Johannis Doune de Tynemuthe, dedi Willelmo, 
filio Rogeri de Buroudon, totam terram meam arabilem quam habui in campo de Buroudon, cum toto 
prato et pastura eidem terre ubique adjacente, tenendam, etc., de Rogero de Burhdon et heredibus suis 
libere et quiete in perpetuum, reddendo inde annuatim diclo Rogero septeni denarios et obolum. Hiis 
testibus, Willelmo de Hesilrigg, tunc senescallo de Tynemuthe, Rogero Baret, Willelmo de Rydesdale, 
Anselmo de eadeni, Ricardo de Killingvvorth clerico, Johanne de Wyteley, Radulfo serviente, Thoma de 
Hallywell, Philippo de Merston, Willelmo Styward, Nicholao de Bacworth, Hugone de eadem, et mullis 
aliis. Ibid. No. 16. 


Nothing further is known of this William, unless he is the William de 
Burneton who was bailiff of Newcastle in 1307, and from 13 13 to 1330, 
when he became mayor. He represented Newcastle in parliament in the 
same year, and was mayor of Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1335. Dying in 
1336, he left a son and heir, Thomas de Burneton, to inherit his manor 
of Hollinside in Durham.' Hollinside was conveyed in 1367/8 by John de 
Burneton, a burgess of Newcastle, to Hugh del Redhugh to hold in tail.^ 
Before his death, which occurred in 141 2, Thomas del Redhugh, son 
of Hugh del Redhugh mentioned above, conveyed Hollinside to Roger 
del Bothe.' Bothe represented Newcastle in parliament in 141 1 and on 
three subsequent occasions, and was sheriff for the town and county in 
1437. He and Adam Killingworth are entered in the Book of Knights' 
Fees of 1428 as holding a moiety of Burradon by the service of a fourth 
part of a knight's fee.'' In 1444 he obtained licence to settle Hollinside 
in reversion on Roger Harding, who had married his daughter, Elizabeth;'^ 
and Burradon was probably made the subject of a parallel settlement, for 
Richard Harding, son of Roger Harding by Elizabeth del Bothe, held 
certain tenements in Burradon in 1493;'^ and in 1570 Ralph Harding, 
grandson of the last-named Richard Harding, made conveyance of four 
messuages and orchards, two cottages, six tofts and gardens, and land 
and moor in Burradon to Oliver Ogle.' 

' Inquisition taken August I2th, 1336; 45//t Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 156. On William de 
Burneton see Welford, History of Newcastle and Gateshead, vol. i. He obtained Hollinside from Thomas 
de Hollinside, whose deed is dated March I3lh, 1317/S, and is printed from the earl of .Strathmore's MSS. 
in Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 251. 

^ 2,2nd Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 265. 

'Thomas del Redhiigli succeeded his elder brother, Hugh, in 1391, when sixteen years of age. 
45//; Deputy Keeper's Report, appendix i. p. 255. The inquisition taken on his death is dated February 
13th, 1412/3. Ibid. p. 256. A quit-claim of Axelfeld, now Axwell park, in the county of Durham, 
made by him in 141 1 to Roger de Thornton and John de Fenwick, survives among the Bruniell 
Charters, No. 12, and by its presence in a series of Burradon deeds affords indirect evidence for the 
descent of the Burradon property. 

'Feudal Aids, vol. iv. p. S3. The Killingworths still owned property in lUirradon in 1542, when 
John Killingworth recoveied ceitain lands in liurradon fioni (ieorge Orde. Bruinell Cluxrters, No. 21. 
See also documents quoted by Mr. Uendy, 'The Killingworths of Killingworth,' in Arch. Ael. 3rd series, 
vol. ii. 

^34/// Deputy Keeper's Report, p. iSo; cp. p. 236. A pedigree of the Hardings of Hollinside is 
given in Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 252. .See also accounts of this family in Hodgson, Northumberland, 
pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 439, and in vol. i. of this work, pp. 325-326. 

' On June i6th, 1495, Richard Harding of Hollinside granted to William Baxter an annuity of 
£2 OS. 4d. out of lands in Beadnell, of 13s. 4d. from tenements in Burradon in the tenure of William 
Malwyn and of John Malwyn, and of i6s. out of a tenement in Burton-chare. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
belonging to the chantry of St. Giles in the church of .-Ml Saints. Bowes Charters, No. 52. 

' Feet of Fines, Hilary, 12 Eliz. 



Arms : Olkii leily, i and 4, argent, a /ess hetween three crescents gtiies, a mullet charged with a crescent for difference ; 
3 and 4, or, an orle azure. St. George's Visitation of Northumberland, 161 5. 

Lancelot Ogle of Ogle castle, son and heir of John Ogle of the same place (//) ; whose -= daughter of Sir 

vill is dated 4th April, 1565 ; died in his father's lifetime, l8th February, 1564/5, and was 
buried at Whalton, where there is a monumental inscription. 

Thomas Grey of Horton, 
knight (h). 

Oliver Ogle, party to a fine for lands in Burradoi 

tememenl in Backworth, 25th MuTch, 15S6 {/) ; entered his pedigree at the 
llcialil's Visitation in 1615 (/.) ; buried 271I1 October, 1616 (n) ; will dated 
24th October, 1614 ; proved 5th May, 1620 {d) (e) ; to be buried in the quire 
of Earsdon church ; 30th .\ugust, 1626 {/). 

570 ; was admitted to a = Magdalen, daughter of Johii Mitford of 

Seghiil (/^) ; was living, a widow, in 
possession of her dower, 30th .\ugust, 
1626 (J) ; was sole executrix of her son 
Hercules (</) (e). 

Lancelot Ogle of Burra- 
don, ' Sonne and heire,' 
was 33 years of age 
when his father entered 
his pedigree in 1615(1'/); 
to whom his father 
gave Burradon {d) 
(f) ; buried 5th Janu- 
ary, 1640/1 («). 

I I 

Mary, sister 
of Robert 
Ogle of 
Bothal (c) ; 
buried 24th 
.Aug., 1625 

Hector Ogle of 
Burradon, bur. 
13th Septem- 
ber, 1 61 3 (a) ; 
of his personal 
estate, 28th 
Sept., 1614 
id) (e~). 

William Ogle, named in the will of his uncle Hercules (r/) {/). 

Jane Ogle, daughter and heir, baptised l6th July, 1622 
(«) ; married James Ogle of Causey Park, a major in the 
army ; she was buried in Earsdon quire, 30th March, 1655 
(n) ; he died December, 1664, and was buried at St. 
Andrew's, Newcastle, si/ 

Margaret, daughter 
and co-heir of Robert 
Eenwick of Kenton 
' h) ; married 14th 
December, 1603 (//) ; 
when a widow resided 
in Newcastle ; in- 
ventory of her goods 
e.\hibited. 25th July, 
1626 (//) ie). 

Hercules Ogle of Newcastle, 

apprenticed 25th September, 
161 1, to Stephen Maddison 
of Newcastle, boothman (c) ; 
named in his father's will 
((/) ; will dated 2gth Decem- 
ber, 1620; proved 26th 
Fetjruary, 1620/1 ((/) ; to be 
buried in St. Nicholas's id) 

1 I I 


Catherine [married 17th February, 1594/5, 

Ord («) ie-)\ 

Barbara, married Matthew Newton of Stocksfield ((i). 
Fortune, married Oliver Killingworth of Killingworth 


Oliver Ogle of Backworth, baptised ■ 
23rd October, 1604 (n) ; to 
whom his grandfather gave cer- 
tain lands in Whalton ; rated 
for lands in Backworth in 
1663 ; buried 24th April, 1670 

Mary, daughter of John CramHngton of the 
parish of Tynemouth: married 2 1st April, 
1645 (rt) ; was hving in 1 70S 'very ancient 
and consequently uncapable of keeping 
herself or preventing her falling into ex- 
treme poverty, too much of which, God 
knows, she already feels ' (//). 

I I I 

Matthew Ogle, named in his grand- 
father's will id). 

Isabel, named in her grandfather's 
will id). 

Grace, married 7th February, 1627/8, 
George Dinning [Diuhand] of 
Murton in Tynemouth (a). 

Lancelot Ogle of 
Backworth, son 
and heir, born 31st 
August, bapt. 6th 
September, 1657 
(/i) ; buried 1st 
May, 1675 ill). 

John Ogle of Bradford, 
who at the court of the 
manor of Tynemouth, 
6th .April, 1684, was 
found heir of Lancelot 
Ogle and Oliver Ogle, 
both deceased ig). 

I I I I I 
Jane, baptised l8th .August, 1646 (//) ; [married 7lh May, 1671, 

Robert Simpson (a) ]. 
Mary, baptised 23rd October, 1649 id) ; buried 14th May, 1670 (a). 
.Margaret, baptised 29th March, 1655 (a). 
Rachel, buried in Earsdon quire, 2Ist April, 1660 (a). 
Barbara, baptised 26th May, 1661 (a) ; buried in Earsdon quire, 13th 

May, 1663 (a). 

(a) Earsdon Register. 

ib) St. George's Visitation of Northumberland, 1615. 

(c) Newcastle Merchant .Adventurers, Dendy, vol. ii. 

id) Raine, 'Jest. Dunelm. 

ie) Ogle, Ogle and Bothal, pp. 178, 182, 186, 187. 
if) Land Revenue Survey, 1608. 
ig) Tynemouth Court Rolls. 
Qi) Arch. .4(1. vol. xi.\. pp. 5-6. 

The Anderson property was also acquired by Oliver Ogle, for it is 
stated in the inquisition taken at his death, in 1626, that he was seised 
in fee of the whole township.^ His granddaughter, Jane Ogle, brought 
the property by marriage to James Ogle of Cawsey Park, from whom it 

' Ogle, Ogk. and Bothal, p. xxvi, in which work the evidence for the earlier and later connexion of 
the Ogles with Burradon is set out at length. 



passed by descent to the Wallis Ogles,' and continued to be held by 
that family until 1857, when it was sold by order of the Court of 
Chancery. Mr. Joseph Straker of Benwell and his son, Mr. John Straker 
of Tynemouth, were the joint purchasers, and it is now owned by Mr. 
Charles Straker of High Warden. Since 1865 Burradon has ceased to 
form part of Earsdon ecclesiastical parish, and has been annexed to the 
modern parish of Killingworth. For purposes of church rating it was 
formerly reckoned as consisting of five 'farms.' 


Extending northward from Backworth and Burradon, as far as the 
bounds of Cramlington, the township of Seghill occupies the low-lying 
ground on either side of Seaton burn, between Weetslade and Cramlington 
townships on the west and Seaton Delaval on the east. It has an area of 
1,426 acres." 

A cist, found in draining the new churchyard at Seghill in 1866, con- 
tained an unburnt body and an axe-hammer made of very fine sub-crystallic 

red quartzite.^ The latter 
measures six and a half 
inches in total length, two 
and a quarter inches at its 
greatest width, five and 
one-eighth inches in depth 
at the hammer end, and 
two and five-eighth inches 
in depth at the sharp end. 
At the hammer end the im- 
plement slopes down from 
all sides to a flat and very smooth, oval striking-surface. Both upper and 
lower openings of the perforation are accurately circular, but the former 
is one inch and the latter one and one-eighth inches in diameter. The 
perforation, which is two inches in length, narrows as it proceeds from 

' See op. cit. p. 102, and Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 135-136, for a pedigree of Wallis 
Ogle of Cawsey Park. 

'Population statistics are as follow: iSoi, 97; 181 1, 128; 1821, 13S ; 1S31, 9S5 ; 1S41, 1,672; 
1851,1,869; 1861,1,801; 1871,1,980; 1881,2,131; 1891,2,269; 1901,2,213. 

' The finder, an Irish Catholic, used the axe for making the sign of the cross over his food, being 
under the impression that the weapon had belonged to one of 'the old saints.' 

Axe-hammer found at Seghill. 


either side to the centre, the diminution of calibre being much more marked 
on the side proceeding from the larger opening, and this results in a well 
defined ridge in the centre of the perforation. Each opening is surrounded 
by a highly polished circular area, rendered sublustrous from the rubbing 
of the material by which the handle was fastened to the axe-hammer.' 

Bishop Gibson's identification of Seghill with the Roman Segedunum 
need only be quoted as an example of the etymology of his period.^ 
Seyhal is the more ancient form of the name, and so the place is termed 
in Henry I.'s charter to the prior and convent of Tynemouth. Thereby 
the king granted to the monastery Graffiird's land and service, namely, 
the vills of Monkseaton, Whitley, and Seghill, and a toft in Newcastle.' 
Graffard was evidently a dreng or minor tenant, holding three isolated 
vills directly from the king, his possession of a toft in Newcastle suggesting 
that he held by castle-ward. At this or at a later time Graffard seems 
to have released to the prior and convent his claim to Monkseaton and 
Whitley in return for a confirmation of his manor of Seghill. The terms 
of the grant are expressed in a deed executed by Geoffrey, abbot of St. 
Alban's (1119-1146), who granted Seghill to Walter Graffard to hold as his 
father held it. Graffard owed military service and suit to the prior's court. 
His riding services show that he belonged to the pre-Conquest category 
of rod-knights or radchenistres, of which traces survived in Chirton. He 
was responsible for the maintenance of peace by his dependants.^ 

Ex inf. Dr. W. Allen Stuiges, the present owner of this implement. Sir John Evans describes the 
strikiny-surface of the hammer as owing its shape to the form of the peljble from which it was made 
{Ancient Stone Implements of Great Britain, p. 186), but the hammer end has all the appearance of liaving 
been carefully worked into shape and polished. 

- Camden, Britannia, ed. Gibson, 1695, p. S58. Camden originally identified Segedunum with 
Seaton Delaval ; 1st edition, 1594, p. 617. The Rev. John Hodgson's suggestion that Seghill 'has its 
name from the great quantity of segs or yellow irises which grew above the hill on which it stands' is 
equally unfortunate. Northumbertaiut, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 168. 

■■ Henricus, rex Anglie, Ranulfo, Dunelmensi episcopo, et Alurico et Ligulfo, vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus baronibus suis Francis et Anglis de Northunibreland, salutem. Sciatis me dedisse Deo et 
sancto Albano et sancto Oswino et Ricardo abbati totam terrain et servicium Graffardi, videlicet 
Setonam et Wyteleyam et Seyhalam, et unum toftum in Novo Castello. Et volo et precipio ut ipsi 
sancti et abbas et monachi ita bene honorifice et libere teneant, cum soca et saca, et tol et team et 
infangeneteof, et omnibus aliis consuetudinilnis, sicut melius et honorabilius tenent alias terras suas. 
Testibus Roberto episcopo Lincolniensi, et Ranulpho cancellario, et Nigello de Alben'. Apud Brantonam. 
St. Alban's Register, fols. 115 b and 117, from Dodswoith's and St. George's transcripts. See vol. viii. 
of this work p. 55 (12), and compare Gesta Abbatnm, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 63. 

' Omnibus has literas visuris, Galfridus abbas sancti Albani, salutem. [Sciatis nos] concessisse et 
presenti carta confirmasse Graffard et heredibus [suis manerium] de Scithal, tenendum de nobis tam 
libere et quiete sicut pater suus earn unquam melius et liberius tenuit in temporibus pr[edecessorum] 
nostroium. Pro servicio autein, debet ire in e.xercitu et equitatu, et esse velut homines tales, et placitis 
debet interesse, et pro posse suo nianutencre, itaque quod in pace teneat et pacem ubique habeat, salvo 
homagio quod pro eadem villa facere debet nobis et ecclesie nostre. Teste, etc. St. Alban's Register, 
fol. 83 b. 


Later surveys throw additional light upon the character of the tenure 
and upon the changes which it underwent. Minor services comprised 
the annual payment of 3s. 4d. as abbot's scot, and is. i|d. as prior's 
cornage, payment of multure, and the carting to Tynemouth on the vigil of 
St. Oswin hfty-nine loads of herbage and the provision of one course for 
St. Osvvin's feast.' The tenure acquired a ministerial character ; Walter 
de Selby held Seghill in 13 18 on condition that he should act as seneschal 
in the hall of Tynemouth priory upon the festival of St. (3swin.^ The 
old obligation of going with the fyrd received feudal expression as the 
service of the seventh part of a knight's fee,^ and feudal incidents, such 
as marriage and wardship, became attached to the holding.^ 

A second Walter GrafTard occurs among the suitors to the prior's 
court as witness to several early thirteenth century deeds, and was alive 
in 1221;^ but before 1242 Seghill had passed, by marriage or otherwise, 
to the family of Selby. Adam de Selby, who farmed the bishop of 
Durham's demesne of Little Haughton in i 1S3, was probably the progenitor 
of this family." In the next generation Sir Walter de Selby attested 
many Palatinate charters, and obtained a territorial interest in the county of 
Durham between the years 12 16 and 1228, when Ralph Kernech, prior 
of Durham, enfeoffed him of the manor of Felling.' His son, Adam de 
Selby II , did homage for Seghill to the abbot of St. Alban's in 1264." 
He was distrained to receive knighthood in 1278, when Hugh de Backworth, 
Nicholas de Backworth, and other persons of less note became his sureties. ° 

' Tyiii-inniith Chartnhiry, fols. 52 and 59 (Survey of 1377). 

- Inq. ml quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. No. 17 (old numeration). 

' Feudal Aids, vol. iv. p. 80. 

' Memorandum quod quarto die mensis Decembris, anno doniini mcccc.xxj, anno Henriu quinti 
post conquestum Anglie nono, apud Sanctum Albanum, in majori camera abbatis, in presencia 
venerabilis patris Willelmi episcopi Lichfeldensis, Willelmus de la Vale, in anno sue aetatis seplimo 
decimo, et in custodia domini Johannis Whethamstede, Dei gratia abbatis de Sancto Albano, e.xistens 
pro tenemento suo de Syell in comitatu Norlhumbrie, fecit finem cum ditto abbate pro warda et 
niaritagio suo, qui quidem finis taxabatur per eundem alibatem ad viginti libras, unde idem abbas 
condonavit ei Willelmo decern niarcas ad instanciam venerabilis in Christo patris domini Willelmi, Dei 
gratia episcopi Cestrie, ibidem tunc presentis ut prefertur. St. Alban's Register, fol. 61 b, from Baker's 

^ Gibson, Tynemouth, vol. ii. pp. xxxiii, ,\xxv, xxxvi. 

" Buldon Book, Surt. Soc. No. 25, p. 18. Adam de Selby was alive in 1197, when he was entered 
on the Durham Pipe Roll as owing ^10 for lead bought from the keepers of the bishopric. Ibid. 
appendix, p. xii. 

'■ Feodarium, Surt. Soc. No. 58, p. in. The grant was made 'tempore regis Henrici' {ibid. p. 9) 
and before 1228, the date of the Convenit {ibid. p. 263). See also the inde.x, op. cit. 

' St. Alban's Register, fols. 62 and 1 1 i b. ' Hodgson-Iiinde, Northumberland, p. 295. 




ARMS: Barry of ten, sahU and or; Northern Roll of Arms in Arch. Ael. 3rd series, vol. ii. p. 177. Sir Walter 
de Selby, temp. Edward III., bore burrulee (14), or and sable. Powell's Roll. 

Adam de Selbv, farmer of the demesnes of IJttle Haiighton, 1183 {^Boldon Book). 

Sir Walter de Selby I., was enfeoffed of Felling manor circa 1220 (a) ; living 1241 {Guhborough Chart, vol. i. p. xxxvi). 

Sir Adam de Selby II., son and heir («) ; did homage for Seghill in 1264; was = Johanna {Tynemoulh Chart. 
distrained to receive knighthood in 127S. I fol. 206 b). 

Walter de Selby II., son and heir (a) ; did homage for Seghill in 1291 (.SV. .AUian's Re<;. fol. 153 b). ^ 

Sir Walter de Selby III., son and heir {a) ; forfeited his estates for rebellion, 1318, but ^= Katherine, daughter of 

was restored to them in 1328 ; slain at Liddell pele, 1346. 

Sir Hugh de la Val. 

James de Selb}', claimed Walter de Selby I\ .. conveyed John de Selby, to whom his brother James 
the barony of Prender- his father's lands to Sir William resigned Prenderleith in 1358 ; laid claim 

leith in 1354. de la \'al in 1351. to Seghill in 1390. 

Walter de Selby V., living in 1 390. 
{a) Ft'odarhim Prioratns Dune/fnensis, Surt. Soc. No. 58, p. 8. 

A curious narrative given in the Tynemoiith Chartulary tells of how, 
in 1280, Sir Adam de wSeghill (for so he is there termed), in wrath at the 
tithe-corn of Seghill being stored in a yard belonging to one of his own 
bonds, brought a writ of novel disseisin against the prior and convent of 
Tynemouth for disseising him and his wife Johanna from their holding in 
Seghill thirty-eight years before. With some difficulty the prior succeeded 
in getting the case transferred to his own court at Backworth, where Sir 
Adam's hasty withdrawal from the suit brought the episode to a close. ^ 

' Memorandum quod anno predicto (1280), in autumpno, dominus Adam de Sheyhale non permisit 
priorem de Tynemuth colligere nee reponere decimas suas garbarum infra villam de Seyhale. Et 
postmodum venerunt servientes dicti prioris, et anioverunt quosdam lapides jacentes in introitu curiae 
ciijusdam bondi sui, et du.xerunt infia curiam dicti bondi duas carectatas decime, volentes decimam 
ibidem reposuisse. Et postea venit uxor ejusdem Adae et jactavit ultra muros hinc inde garbas predictas, 
non permittens eas ibidem reponi ; qua occasione servientes predicti colligerunt et reposuerunt dictam 
decimam in medio villae, propter quod dictus dominus Adam de Selby adivit curiam, et impetravit 
breve novae disseisionis versus dictum priorem et servientes suos predictos in hec verba: 'Edwardus, 
Dei gratia, etc., vicecomiti Northumbriae, salutem. Questi sunt nobis .Vdam de Selby et Johanna, uxor 
ejus, quod prior de Tynemouth, W. de Norton, Benedictus de Seton, et Robertus le mareschal injuste et 
sine judicio disseisinaverunt eos de libero tenemento suo in Seyhal post priniam transfretationem 
Henrici regis, patris nostri, in \'asconiani. Et ideo tibi precipimus, etc. Vicesimo die Septembris, 
anno regni octavo.' Coram quibus justiciariis comparuerunt prior et alii in ecclesia sancti Nicholai de 
Novo Castro, et prior allegavit libertatem suam, nee ipsam optinere potuit ; et predicti justiciarii 
prefixerunt ei diem in tres septimanas a festo sancti Martini, ut interim consulere possint consilium 
domini regis. Et prior misit fratrem \V. predictum ad curiam regis ad impetrandum inde remedium, 
qui impetravit breve sub hac forma :'.... Vobis mandamus quod eidem priori omnia brevia nostra 
originalia ipsum et libertatem suam tangentia coram vobis impetrata per inanus vestras liberetis ad 
placitanda ilia infra libertatem suam predictam, sicut retroactis temporibus fieri consuevit, etc. Datum 
duodecimo die Novembris, anno regni regis octavo.' Quod quidem breve dominis G. et M. justiciariis 
in tres septimanas a die sancti Martini, in ecclesia sancti Andreae Novi Castri, fuerat ex parte domini 



The little known tower of Seghill, which is first mentioned in the list 
of fortalices of 14 15, probably dates from about this period. Only the 
vaulted basement remains, and this is now used as a cellar to the Blake 
Arms hotel. Its dimensions indicate that the tower was one of the largest 
in the county and of a size equal to Thirlwall castle. Strong walls, four 
feet in thickness and built on the rock, inclose an area of forty-four feet 

fiirr d( \i\ihfi Billiijvtl Cum 


Scale -of Fcef 



WHKiiowLEs Nehs ET Del, 

StctTon on Lint cc 




six inches by sixteen feet six inches. This is spanned by a barrel vault, 
of which the circular ribs spring from the ground level, the interstices 
being composed of single flat stones. The basement is entered on the 
south side by a doorway with checked and chamfered jambs. Suggestions 
of windows, loops, and recesses appear in the thickness of the walls, but 
there is no evidence of mural or other staircases. 

regis per predictum priorem traditum. Quo quidem brevi viso ab eis justiciariis et intellecto, iidem 
justiciarii predictum breve novae disseisionis eidem priori tradiderunt ad placitandum illud infra 
libertatem suam. Et doniinus prior prefixit diem predictis Adae et Johannae die Mercurii proximo 
post festum sanctae Luciae virginis, anno predicto, apud Bacworth ; et fuerunt justiciarii domini 
prioris Walterus de Camhou et Adam Baret. Coram quibus venit dictus Adam et retraxit se de brevi 
suo, et posuit se in misericordia domini prioris. Tyncmoiith Chartulary, fol. 206 b. 

Vol. IX. 


The tower is said to have been of three stories, and to have had a 
lofty exploratory turret at one corner.' No medieval features remain in 
the upper floors. It appears that in or about 1673 considerable additions 
and alterations were made to the tower, and that at that time the centre 
of the vaulting in the basement was removed to give access to the chambers 
above. A chimney stack with weatherings, which projects from the west 
wall, and a doorway on the first floor level, immediately above the entrance 
to the basement, are of this period. The upper door was formerly 
approached by a flight of external steps. 

.Seyhale Subsidy 



£ s. d. 



.Siinima bononim Walteii de Seleby 

5 7 10 






Thome filii W'alteii ... 

19 4 




Rogeri de .Seton 

13 6 




Walter! filii Thome ... 

1 3 




Walter! filii Roger! ... 

I 7 




Robert Coci! ... 

19 10 



Summa hiiju5 ville, £\o los. 6d. ; unde domino regi, 19s. l|d. {sicy 

Walter de Selby III., grandson of Sir Adam de Selby mentioned 
above, married Katherine, daughter of Sir Hugh Delaval of Newsham. 
The estates of the Delaval family were at that time enjoyed by Margery 
Delaval and her husband, Andrew de Smytheton ; and it was probably 
upon the occasion of this marriage that, in 1304, Smytheton and his wife 
settled upon Walter de Selby and Katherine Delaval, and upon their heirs, 
half of the manor of Biddleston, and four messuages and eighty acres ot 
land in Alnham, subject to the life interest of the grantors.^ In this way 
the Selby family acquired an interest in Biddleston, their present seat. 

Selbv was foremost in joining Middleton's rebellion in 131 7. Openly 
siding with the Scots, he entered on a career of plunder, seconded 
Middleton in capturing and carrying off the bishop of Durham, and dis- 
possessed his royalist neighbour. Sir Bertram Monboucher, of the pele of 
Horton, whence he issued upon raiding forays.* There he found refuge 
when, on January 21st, 1318, Middleton was ensnared and captured in 
Mitford castle. Horton became a rallying point for the scattered 'shaval- 
dores ' who had previously flocked to Middleton's standard. Its siege, 

' T. M. Richardson, Castles of the English and Scottish Border. 

- Lay Subsidy Roll, ip. ^ Feet of Fines, 32 Edw. I. No. 75. 

'John de Trokelavve, Annnles, Rolls Series, p. 99. For an instance of Selby's freebooting see 
Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1317-1331, p. 289. Hardwicke, near Sedgefield, in the county of Durham, was also used 
at one time by Selby as a base. Cal. Close Rolls, 1 341-1343, p. 98. 


conducted by Richard de Emeldon, proved costly, but a protracted de- 
fence was impossible, and in April the garrison was obliged to surrender." 
Such as wished were received into the king's peace and obtained pardon.^ 
Many of them set out for Rome in the autumn, to do penance there for 
the crimes which they had committed on the Marches.^ But Sclby had 
made his escape, and Emeldon had to content himself with taking hostages 
for his good behaviour.'' His manor of Seghill, and his lands in Biddleston 
and ' Heseliden ' were pronounced forfeit to the king.^ Felling was seized as 
an escheat by the bishop of Durham and granted out to a new tenant." 

Satisfaction was given to Monboucher at the parliament of York, 
where, on November 20th, 13 18, he received a grant for life of Seghill 
manor. '^ The grant, however, which over-rode the claims of Tynemouth 
priory to the escheated lands of its tenants, did not benefit him greatly, 
inasmuch as Seghill was so wasted by both English and Scots that its 
annual value had sunk from ;£. 23 i6s. to twenty shillings, while Kathcrine, 
wife of Walter de Selby, had charges upon this and other estates to the 
extent of twenty pounds yearly.*^ 

A month before the surrender of Horton, Berwick-upon-Tweed had 
been captured by Thomas Randolph, earl of Murray, and Sir James 
Douglas. Thither Selby went to put his services at their disposal. Mitford 
castle, restored to Aymar de Valence in February, 1318," again fell into the 
hands of the king's enemies about the month of April,'" and Selby was 
entrusted with its charge. This he appears to have held for about two 
years, until the autumn of 132 1, when he rendered Mitford castle up to the 

' The surrender probably took place on or about April Sth, when Robert Mauduit came before 
Robert de Umframville, William de Ros, Roger de Northburgh, Robert de Baldok, and John de 
Banstede, commissioners appointed on iSIarch iSth to arrange truce with Scotland (Rotuli Scotiae, vol. i. 
p. 179), and received from them promise of pardon for receiving and commanding divers felons in the 
pele of Horton and elsewhere. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1317-1321, p. 141. 

" A commission to this effect was given on April 25th to John de Felton, constable of Newcastle, 
William Riddell, sheriff of Northumberland, Richard de Emeldon, and Stephen le Blound. Ibid. p. 135. 

' Ihut. p. 211. The list contains the names of John de Swinburn, Robert Mauduyt, Adam Maudnyt, 
and Gilbert de Whitley, as well as many of less note. 

' On May 15th, 1318, a letter was directed by the king to Richard de Emeldon, commanding him to 
hand over to William Riddell, sheriff of Northumberland, Selby 's hostages, namely, John de Birden and 
David, son of Nicholas de Middleton. Cal. Close Rolls, 1313-1318, p. 541. 

* In 1326 the sheriff of Northumberland accounted for the profits of the moiety of the vill of 
Biddleston, and of certain tenements in ' Heseliden,' which had escheated to the king by reason of the 
forfeiture of Walter de Selby. Pipe Rolls, e.x Uodsworth MSS. vol. xvii. 

" Cfl^. Pfli. i?o//s, 1317-1321, pp. 217, 335. ' Ibiii. p. 2y). 

" Inq. ad quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. Nos. 12 and 17 (old numeration). 

'° Cbronicon de Lanevcost, Bannatyne Club, p. 235. 


English. Robert de Umframville, earl of Angus, Ralph fitz William, and 
John de Eure received his surrender, engaging themselves by indenture to 
make Selby's peace with the king and to reinstate him in the lands of which 
he had previously been deprived.^ The leniency of these conditions sug- 
gests that the surrender was voluntary. Selby's trust was vain. He was 
thrown into the Tower of London," where he remained until the accession 
of Edward III. 

Selby took advantage of the new king's accession to crave pardon for 
his offences, and restitution of his forfeited lands. His petition was granted ; 
on March 13th, 1327, he received a general pardon, and an order was issued 
for the restoration to him of such of his lands as remained in the king's 
hands. With regard to Seghill and Felling, which had been granted out 
to other persons, he was directed to the courts of law.' 

Having regained possession of Biddleston, he took a new course. 
At the parliament which met at Salisbury in October, 1328, he produced 
the indenture of agreement made at the surrender of Mitford castle, and 
prayed for its fulfilment. The indenture was submitted to the king's 
council ; ■* meanwhile, on November 5th, Selby received from the king a 
grant of Seghill manor in reversion upon the death of Monboucher.* An 
examination of the conditions of surrender resulted in a decision in Selbv's 
favour ; his conduct was found to have been ' very useful for the salva- 
tion of those parts ' ; his imprisonment had been against good faith, and 
he had never been convicted of any felony. Orders were consequently 
issued, on March 13th, 1329, to the sheriff of Northumberland and to the 
bishop of Durham, commanding them to deliver up the forfeited estates.*^ 

' See the petition quoted below. The surrender of Mitford castle probably took place shortly before 
November 22nd, 1322, when orders were issued by the king to the earl of Angus and the sheriff of 
Northumberland to restore the castle to the earl of Pembroke. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1321-1324, p. 37. This 
second capture and recapture of Mitford has escaped the attention of the Rev. John Hodgson (for whose 
account of the castle see Northumhcvlaiid, pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 5S-63), .and, e.xcept for a brief notice in the 
Lancrcost Chronicle, no allusion is made to it in the contemporary chroniclers. 

• Palgrave, Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii. div. ii. appendix, p. 239 ; Cal. Close Rolls, 1323-1329, p. 125. 

' A nostre seignur le roi prie Wautier de Selby que il lui par[don]er la suite de sa pert que a lui 
appartint des toutes felonies, roberies, homicides, arsures, detenues des chastelx et forceletz, utlagheries, 
et toutes autres maneres des trespas contre sa pees en son regne d'Engleterre faites ; et q'il voille de sa 
grace a meisme celui Wauter graunter vie et ses membres, et toutes ses terres et tenementz et manoirs, 
auxi bien en demesnes come en services, et advowesons des eglises, et toutes maneres des possessions 
et rentes, si fraunchement, entierement et quitement sicome il les tint le jour que les felonies avantditz 
primes lui furent contremis. 

(Endorsed.) Kit sa chartre de pardon quant a utlageries, felonyes et trespas, et restitucion des ses 
terres qe sont en la nieyn le roy ; et qe des terres qe sont en autres meyns suye a la commune leye. 
Ancient Petitions, P.R.O. 8,735. Compare Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1 327- 1330, p. 36. 

' Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. iii. p. 177. ' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1327-1330, p. 332. 

" Cal. Close Rolls, 1327-1330, p. 441. 


Bishop Beaumont bore no good will to the freebooter who had assisted 
in kidnapping him twelve years before, and refused to comply with the 
royal order.' Neither did Monboucher brook his dispossession from Seghill. 
On his petition, Selby was ordered to appear at the next parliament to 
show how he had entered into the manor.^ The hearing of the case was 
commenced early in 1331,^ but before a conclusion had been reached Mon- 
boucher died, and Selby's title to Seghill became incontestable. He never 
recovered Felling. Bishop Beaumont granted that manor, on December 
27th, 1 33 1, to his foreign kinsman, Amery de Treu, who transferred it to 
Thomas de Surtees ; and Selby found himself obliged to sue in the courts 
of the palatinate against the episcopal charter. The bishop's justices refused 
to proceed with the assize, on the ground that the charter ought to stand, 
and failed to comply with the repeated royal injunctions in Selby's favour.^ 

' Cal. Close Rolls, p. 456. 

" A nostre seigonur le roy et a son consail prie le soen lige, si lui plest, Bertram de Mountburgcher, 
com le roy Edward, piere nostre seigonur le roy q'or est, pur ies services et les damages le dit Bertram, 
a lui avoit done le manoir de Syhalle en le counte de Northumberland, a tote la vie le dit Bertram ; quel 
manoir au dit nostre seigonur le roy Edward le piere devent par la forfeture Waulter de Selby, que fust 
aerdant a les Escoces, enemis adunqe nostre seigonur le roy, sicom plus plainement pent estre mustre 
par sa chartre ; et de quel manoir le dit Bertram fuist seysi taunqe nostre seigonur le roy q'or est dona 
au dit Wauter le manoir avantdit, et comanda a son viscount del counte avantdit de lui mestre en 
possessioun du dit manoir et ouster le dit Bertram, countre la chartre le roy son piere ; que il pleise a 
nostre seigonur le roy de mettre le dit Bertram en possessioun del dit manoir, solonc le purport de 
la chartre avantdit, ou qu'il lui pleise a faiere restitucion au dit Bertram a la value de taunt de terre ou de 
rent a terme de sa vie. 

(Endorsed.) Seit mande a visconte q'il face garnir le dit Wauter que il seit en proschein parlement 
a monstrer coment il est entre le dit manoir, et purquei le dit manoir ne doit estre seisi en la main le roi 
et livre au dit Bertram a tenir solom la forme de sa chartre ; et endementiers soit serche les proces en 
chancellerie par quei le dit Wauter est entre. Ancient Petitions, P.R.O. 3,034. Compare Cal. Doc. Rel. 
Scot. vol. iii. pp. 177-178. 

^ Coram Rege Rolls, No. 283, m. I d. 

' The chief documents relating to the title to Felling manor are the following : (a) Royal confirma- 
tion of the grant made to Thomas de .Surtees, January 27th, 1332 (Cal. Pat. Rolls. 1330-1334, pp. 72, 240). 
(b) Petition of W^alter de .Selby for the restoration of his lands lying in the palatinate, endorsed with a 
direction to him to apply to the bishop, and failing justice done to him, to sue in chancery for a writ 
(Ancient Petitions, P.R.O. 3,660). (c) Royal letter ordering the restitution of lands, dated July nth, 1336 
[ihiil. 3,661). (if) Letter from the king to the bishop of Durham, commanding the bishop to direct his 
justices to proceed with the assize (Cal. Close Rolls, 1341-1343, p. 98). (e) Petition from Selby, stating 
that he is employed upon military service in Scotland, and requesting that the bishop of Durham may be 
enjoined to give him seisin without further delay (Ancient Petitions, 394). (/) Royal letter directing 
the bishop to give seisin, July i6th, 1342 (Cal. Close Rolls, 1341-1343, p. 642). (g) A second letter, 
repeating the order, dated November 20th, 1342 (ibid. p. 692). These documents furnish many par- 
ticulars concerning Selby's career, as a single instance (Ancient Petitions, 3,661) will show : 

Rex venerabili in Cristo patri R., eadem gracia episcopo Dunolmensi, salutem. Cum nuper ad 
prosecucionem dilecti et fidelis nostri Walteri de Seleby, per peticionem suam coram nobis et consilio 
nostro in parliamento nostro apud Sarum convocato exhibitam, nobis supplicantis quod, cum inter 
Robertum de Umframvill, nuper comitem de Angos, Radulfum de Graistok, tunc baronem de Graistok, 
et Johanneni de Eure, ex parte una, et prefatum Wallerum ex parte alter.i, super reddicione castri de 
Mitford quod idem VValterus tunc tenuit, certa convencio per indenturas inter partes predictas confectas, 
quaruni altera pars sigillis ipsorum Roberti, Radulti et Johannis signata penes ipsum Walterum remanet, 
facta fuisset (videlicet quod iidem Robertus, Radulfus et Johannes prefato Waltero pacem domini 
Edwardi, nuper regis Anglie, patris nostri, habere, et ei terras et tenementa sua que, pro eo quod Scotis 


The prior of Tvnemouth might have raised claims to Seghill as an 
escheat within his liberty, but his position was not so secure in the matter 
as that of the lord of the larger palatinate, and he preferred to waive his 
claims in consideration of receiving an acre of land in Seghill (probably 
for use as a granary), and a perpetual rent-charge of one mark.' 

adhesit ut dicebatui, in maiuim dicti patiis nostri capta fueiunt, absque exheredacione rcstitui facerent), 
ac dictiis Walterus castrum predictiim sub certa specie convencionuni et condicionum predictarum 
et non aliter ad opus predict! patiis nostii reddidisset, ac convenciones et condiciones ille per ipsum 
patrem nostrum aliquatenus observate non fuissent, set idem Walterus in prisona predicti patris nostri 
per magnum tempus detentus fuit, et terrae et tenementa sua infra libertatem Dunolmensem ea occasione 
per Lodowicum nuper episcopum Dunolmensem occupata et ei tunc detenta extiterunt, contra formam 
convencionum et condicionum predictarum, ut vcllemus ei convenciones et condiciones illas facere 
observari ; predictas indenturas per consilium nostrum fecimus examinari. Ac tunc, visis et examinatis 
per nos et consilium nostrum predictum indenluris predictis, compertum fuit per inspeccionem earundem 
quod convenciones et condiciones predicte facte fuerunt in forma supradicta. Et nos, considerantes 
convenciones et condiciones supradictas ac reddicionem castri predicti tarn pro salvacione terrarum et 
tencnientorum dicti Lodowici et aliorum infra libertatem predictam quam aliorum in partibus illis 
peruliles extitisse, ac dampna et gravamina que idem Walterus per imprisonamentum et alio modo 
contra bonam fidem et contra formam convencionum et condicionum predictarum sustinuit, et eciam ad 
hoc cjuod ipse de aliqua felonia convictus nullatenus extitit, per quod ipse terras et tenementa sua 
forisfacere deberet, volentes quod, ex causis premissis, convenciones et condiciones predictas secundum 
exigenciam bone fidei observari et essonio debito mancipari, precepimus vicecomiti nostro Northumber- 
landie, quod ipse omnia terras et tenementa ipsius Walteri que premissa occasione in manuni dicti patris 
nostri capta fuerunt eidcm Waltero liberari faceret. Et prefato Lodowico similiter mandavimus quod 
eidem Waltero omnia terras et tenementa sua que occasione premissa infra libertatem suam Dunol- 
mensem in manum suam seisiri fecit faceret liberari, tenenda prout ea tenuit ante capcionem supra- 
dictam, sicut per inspeccionem rotulorum cancellarie nostre nobis constat. Ac prefatus Lodowicus 
antequam mandatum nostrum predictum execucioni extitit mancipatum, diem suum clausit extremum ut 
accepimus. Nos, volentes prefato Waltero in hac parte fieri quod est justum, vobis mandamus, sicut 
alias mandavimus, quod eidem Waltero omnia terras et tenementa sua, que occasione predicta infra 
libertatem predictam in manum predicti Lodowici seisita fuerint et in manu vestra sic existunt, liberari 
faci.'itis, tenenda prout ea tenuit ante capcionem supradictam. Et si causa substiterit quare id facere 
minima debeatis, tunc nos de causa ilia reddatis sub sigillo vestro distincte et aperte certiores, hoc breve 
nobis remittentes. Teste me ipso apud villam de Sancto Johanne, undecimo die Julii anno regni 
nostri decimo. 

' The title deeds are set out in the Tynemouth Chartulary, and are as follow : 

(a) Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego, Walterus de -Selbi, dominus de .Sighal, dedi, etc., domino 
Roberto de Merske, rectori ecclesie de Whalton, unam placeam cum omnibus pertinenciis suis in villa de 
Sighal predicta, continentem in se unam acram terrae et amplius, jacentem ex oriental! parte mesuagii 
quondam Robert! coci, ex opposito situs manerii mei de Sighal, sicut mete et divise jacent et 
proponant, etc. Hiis testibus, domino Roberto de la Val, Johanne de Insula, militibus, Simone de 
Welteden, Henrico Faukes, Johanne de Bacworth, Johanne filio Johannis de Horsley, et aliis. Datum 
apud Sighal, octavo die Aprilis, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii quinto (1331). Fol. 91 b. 

(fc) Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego, Walterus de Selbi, dominus de Sighal, dedi, etc., domino 
Roberto de Merske, rectori ecclesie de Whalton, heredibus et assignatis suis imperpeluum, quendam 
annuum redditum tresdecim solidorum et quatuor denariorum argenti percipiendum annuatim de 
omnibus terris et tenementis meis in Sighal, de quibus Katcrina, u.xor mea, non est feoftata, etc. Datum 
apud Sighal, die veneris, duodecimo die Aprilis, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii quinto (1331). Fol. 92. 

(c) Two grants of the premises iflade by Robert de Merske to Thomas de .'\ukland, chaplain. 
Dated at Tynemouth, September 14th, 1331. Fols. 92 b and 93. 

The same witnesses attest all four deeds. On May 27th, 1336, Thomas de Aukland, then rector ot 
the church of Whalton, received licence from the king to assign the premises to the prior and convent 
of Tynemouth. See vol. viii. of this work, p. 115. 

The reason for the assignment of the rent-charge is to be founil at fols. 52 and 59, and a receipt 
given in 1335 for three years' arrears at fol. i6g b. Various receipts are also entered in the register for a 
yearly payment of two marks, to which Walter de Selby had engaged himself, probably in return 
for a loan {ibiii. fols. 162 b, 165 b, 170, 176 b). 

The acre of land hereby conveyed, called Prior's acre, together with a fee-farm rent of 1 8s. gAd. 
and certain lands called Treasurer's land, passed to the Crow-n on the suppression of Tynemouth priory 
and subsequently became the property of the Percy family. 


Selby soon found a more congenial iield for his activity than the 
hiw courts. He was knighted, followed Edward Baliol into Scotland in 
1332, and received from that royal adventurer, on October 24th, 1332, 
all the lands of Sir William Wishart of Prenderleith.' In J 337 he was 
in command of Bothwell castle in Scotland,^ when the outbreak of the 
Hundred Years' War drew him to the Low Countries in the retinue of 
William de Bohun, earl of Northampton.^ At the close of the campaign, 
he returned with the earl to the Scottish border, and was placed by him 
in charge of Lochmaben castle, one of the English advanced posts across 
the Tweed. There, in 1342, he and the bishop of Carlisle made a heroic 
defence against the Scots, forced them to raise the siege, and forestalled 
the English army which was hastening to relieve the beleaguered fortress.^ 

The siege of Calais in 1346 gave the Scots their opportunity. All 
the English strongholds in the Lowlands, with their diminished garrisons, 
were reduced in quick succession by the Scottish king. Selby, with a 
few followers, held out in Liddell pele.* For three days the Scots lay 
round the castle, waiting for its surrender. On the fourth they delivered 
a general assault. Then when the walls had been battered down by 
artillery, and the enemy had gained an entry, Selby gave himself up. 
He heard that he had been condemned to death. King David consented 
to see him, and he knelt at the king's feet, hoping that his life might 
yet be spared, but only to hear his death sentence again pronounced. 
Two of his sons were killed before his eyes ; and with no time to make 
his shrift he was hurried to execution ; whereat King David's hobelars 
clapped their hands and stamped upon the ground. He was a brave 
self-seeker, a loyal servant of strong masters.^ 

'Mackenzie {Northitmherland, ed. 1811, vol. ii. pp. 8-g) quotes Baliol's charter as a grant ot 
Biddleston made by Edward I., in which he has been followed by other writers. The original 
charter is still preserved at Biddleston. For notes on the history of Prenderleith see Bcrwicksliire 
Naturalists^ Club, vol. xi. p. 127. 

- Rotuli Scotiac, vol. i. p. 488. ■' Cat. Pat. Rolls, 1334-1338, p. 530. 

' Chronicon Aiigliae, Rolls Series, pp. 13-14. 

' Some six months previously, on March Sth, Selby had been appointed, with Thomas de Lucy and 
others, as commissioners for the suppression of outrages committed on the Cumberland marches. Cnl. 
Close Rolls, 1 346- 1 349, p. 59. 

" Chronicon de Lanercost, Bannatyne Club, pp. 345-346 ; Geoffrey Baker, Chronicon, Caxton Society, 
pp. 86-S7 ; Robert de Avesbury, Dc Gestis Edwai-di Tcrcii, Rolls Series, p. 376 ; Letters from Northern 
Registers, I^oUs Series, p. 387 ; William de Pakington in Leland, Collectanea, ed. 1774, vol. ii. p. 470. The 
massacre at Liddell pele is admitted by Scottish writers ; Wyntoun, Cronykil of Scotland, Historians of 
Scotland Series, vol. ii. pp. 472-473. 

Sir Thomas Gray is the only writer who, in recounting the death of .Selby, alludes to his earlier 
career. This portion of the Scalachronica is missing, but Leland has given an abridgment : 'And the 


His eldest surviving son, James de Selby, was one of the few who 
escaped alive from Liddell pele. He was still a boy ; his youth saved 
him from death and obtained for him the lighter penalty of eight years' 
detention in a Scottish prison.' Before his release came, his younger 
brother, Walter de Selby IV. had sold Seghill and the Biddleston and 
Alnham lands for two hundred marks to Sir William Delaval (1351).' 
He ratified the settlement, of which, on January 19th, 1354, Delaval 
obtained royal confirmation.' 

The new owner of Seghill was also lord of the manor 01 Benwell, 
under an entail made in 1349 by his father, Sir Robert Delaval of Seaton 
Delaval. His marriage with Christiana de Eslington brought him a share 
in the Eslington inheritance. In the course of a long life he held 
important posts, both military and civil, being chamberlain, chancellor, 
and controller of the customs at Berwick-upon-Tweed, escheator for the 
northern counties, and knight of the shire for Northumberland, while he 
also did military service both in Scotland and in Acquitaine.* His title 
to Seghill was not left undisputed. On June 6th, 1390, John de Selby, 
son of Sir Walter de Selby,'* with his son, Walter de Selby, came to 
Seghill tower, and required Sir William Delaval to leave the place, claiming 
to be the rightful owner. On Delaval's refusal, he threatened to burn 
him out, or to carry him off into Scotland, if he did not give himself up 
as prisoner. Eventually William Whethamstede, cellarer of Tynemouth 
priory. Sir John Manners, and William de Whitchester came to Seghill 
and bailed out Sir William Delaval and his son for seven hundred marks.'' 

tyme of the ij firste monthes of the assege of Calays, he [King David] entered ons in somer in to 
the parties of Cairluelshire, and a nother by Suhvath, and after assaylid the pile of Lidel, and wan it 
by assaute, and then cut of the hedde of Water Selby, capitayne there, that afore had beene of the covyn 
of Gilbetert Midleton, that kept Mitford castel and Horton pile agayn king Edwarde.' Collectanea, 
ed. 1774, vol. ii. p. 561. Some further account of Sir Walter de Selby is to be found in the Genealogist, 
new series, vol. vii. pp. 191-193. 

' Ancient Petitions, P.R.O. 12,306 ; Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. iii. p. 308. 

^ Feet of Fines, 25 Edw. III. No. 90. " Pat. Rolls, 27 Edw. III. pars i, m. 4. 

* For the personal history of Sir William de la Val and his descendants, see the Delaval pedigree 
(Table I.), given below under Seaton Delaval. 

' On April 12th, 1358, James de Selby resigned to his brother, John de Selby, all claim to the barony 
of Prenderleith. Genealogist, new series, vol. vii. p. 191, from deed at Biddleston. 

" Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1388-1392, p. 340. Coram Rege Rolls, No. 518, m. 25 d. In August, 1391, the same 
John de Selby brought an assize of novel disseisin against Henry, first earl of Northumberland, Sir John 
de Felton, Sir William de la Val, John de Mitford, William Halliwell, George de la Val, John de la Val, 
Thomas de la Val, Robert de la \'al, William de Cramlington, Robert de Hedley, Adam de .Seton, 
John de Whitlawe, John Basset, Alan Whitehead, chaplain, John de Eyiond, chaplain, William de 
la Val, William Sabram, William de Mitford, William de Vescy, Thomas de Whitley, William Hedewyn, 
John Brotherwyk, and William Holgrave. Assize Rolls, No. 1,500, m. 31 d. 




Ak'MS: QiKirterly, l and 4, ardent a /ess between ifwee moles sahie (Mitford) ; 

2, argent three lions heads erased sa'de (Burcestre ?) ; 3, azure six annulets^ 

3, 2, I, (jr, a mullet for difference (Musgrave). Si. George's Visitation of 
Northumberland^ 1615. 


Robert Mitford, to whom Sir John Burcestre and Elizabeth, his wife, convej-ed 
the manor of Seghjll In 1441 (^Fe/t of Fines, 19 Hen. VI. No. 9), and Brandon 
in 1446 i^ibid. 24 Hen. VI. No. 12) ; knight of the shire in 1449 and sheriff 
of Northumberland in 1452. 


Robert Mit- ■. 
ford of Seg- 
hill (/;). 

Margaret, daughter and co-heir 
of Thomas Musgrave of Ryal 
(Jt) ; dead before iSth April, 
1488 (rt). 

Margery, married before 1446, 
James Horsley, alias Dela- 
val, afterwards of Seaton 

Robert Mitford of Seghill 
(?), living l8th April, 
1488, when he was 
found grandson and co- 
heir of Thomas Mus- 
grave (^a) ; died 20th 
March, 1519/20; seised 
of a moiety of the man- 
orsof Heatonand Ryal, 
of the manor of Bran- 
don, of lands at Seghill, 
Kearsley.etc. ; Inq.p.m. 
12 Hen. VIII. ((i). 

Anne (Ji) 

who by deed 
dated 20th 
Aug., 1 5 16, 
had a moiety 
of Ryal, 
Kearsley and 
the manor of 
Biandon for 
her life (/<) ; 
living 20th 
Sept., Ii20 

I I 

Nicholas Mitford (^) [clerk in C 
orders], party to deed dated 
8th March, 1519/20 (/<■) ; 24th 
June, 1530, took a lease of coal 
mines in Cowpen and Bebside 
fiom the prior and convent of 
Tynemouth (w). 

John Mitford (jf), to whom his 
brother gave the water-mill at 
Seghill for his life (h) ; living 
5th January, 1539/40 («)■ 

a quo Mitfor 

hristopher Mitford of New- 
castle, to whom his brother, by 
deed dated 8th Dec. 1509, 
gave a rent-charge on Heaton 
(/;) ; customer of the port of 
Newcastle in 1515; appointed 
feodary of Crown lands in 
Northumberland, 29th Nov., 
1535 ; will dated 5th January, 
1539/40 ; proved 7th February, 
153940; to be buried in St. 
Nicholas's church (a). 

d of Hulam and Pespool, co, 

daughter 1 
of Chris- 
tophei* I 
Brigham i 

James (f). 


Margery, daughter 
of Sir John Wid- 
drington of Wid- 
drington, knight 

(/') (0- 

John Mitford of Seghill (/;), son and heir, was 
14 years of age and upwards at the date of 
his father's death (fi) ; died 14th .\pril, 1566 
(0 ; Inq.p.m. 8 Elizabeth (c). t 

For issue see Tabh 

Magdalen, daughter of 
John Fenwick of Ken- 
ton, second wife (/). 



Margaret, Joan, 

Elizabeth, Barbara, 

all under age and 

living, 8th .March, 

1519/20 (K). 

John Mitford f/;) of Seghill, = Barbara, daughter 

son and heir, was 36 years 
of age at the time of his 
father's death (c) ; died 6th 
November, I5[7i] (</) ; 
Inq. p.m. 14 Eliz. (</). 

of Thomas Law- 
son of Cramling- 
ton (Jj) ; [? n>ar. 
riage settlement, 
13th December, 

Oswald Mitford (0 of Ryal ; 
articles before marriage, 
2 1st March, 1 560/1 (c) ; 
living 2 1st September, 
1566 (c) ; administration 
of his personal estate, 18th 
March, 158S {k}. 

Jane, daughter of Sir 
John Delaval of Sea- 
ton Delaval, knight, 
(; ), contracted to be 
married, 2gth June, 
1561 (c) ; living 21st 
September, 1566 (c). 


Ralph Mitford 
(.d-) (0 [of 
will proved 


Margery (/ ). 
Margaret (i)- 

John Mitford of the parish of Stamfordham 
son and heir, will proved 1 598 (/■). 

Ill I 

William. Doroth)-. 

All living i8th March, 15S8 (t). 

Margaret, married 
William Shafto. 

I I 

Robert Mitford of Seg- 
hill, son and heir, was 
aged 20 years and 4 
months at date of his 
father's inquisition 
(_(€) ; buried 7th Sept., 

i5ii o ) ; ^"i- p->"- 

10 James I. («) ; ad- 
ministration of his 
personal estate, 17th 
January, 1611/2 (/f). 

Vol. IX, 

.•\lison, or Alice, daughter of 
Bertram Anderson of New- 
castle, alderman (/;), married 
at St. Nicholas', Newcastle, 
19th September, 1575 ; by 
deed, 26th April, 1608, had 
Seghill for her jointure ((*) 
(0) ; buried 22nd January, 
1616/7 (y) ; administration of 
her personal estate, 21st Feb- 
ruaiy, l(ili>\l (Ji). 

Henry Mitford of 
Bewick, admin- 
istration of his 
personal estate, 
13th March, 

1592/3 V'k'). 

I I I 



all living 
13th March, 
1592/3 (,eyf). 

George Mitford, appren- 
ticed, 2nd Feb., 1585, 
to William Browell of 
Newcastle, mercer (n) ; 
living 13th March, 
1592/3 {kk). 

I I 


Magdalen, married Oliver 

of Burradon (h) {kk). 
Anne, liv. 13th March, 1592/3 (kk). 

Margery (Jik). mar. 6th Feb.. 
i59+'5i John Strange, 
ways O) of Cheswick. 



John Mitford, son 
and heir appar- 
ent, by deed 
dated 26th 
April, 1608, was 
disinherited and 
provided for by 
an annuity (ir) 
((?) ; was 32 years 
of his father's 
inquisition (^). 

Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Timothy Whit- 
tingham of Holm- 
side, CO. Durham, 
knt. (//), post-nup- 
tial settlement, 1st 
March, 1611/2 (/) 
(0) ; died 1st Dec, 
1613 ; buried in 
Lanchester church ; 
niotiiimental in- 

= Michael Mitford (/i) ■■ 
of Seghill, second 
son (<f) ; heir by 
adoption ; entered 
his pedigree at St. 
George's Visitation 
in 1615 (/;) ; died 
22nd November, 

1637 C/) ; /«?. 

p.m. 14 Chas. I. 
(7) ; will dated 
Nov., 1637 (/6). 

Robert Mitford of Seghill (/<), admitted to : 
Gray's Inn, 2nd February, 1632/3 ; was 
24 j'ears of age at the date of his father's 
inquisition (/") ; high sheriff of North- 
umberland, 1640 ; died during his shriev- 
alty ; buried 5th December, 1640 (/) ; 
administration of his personal estate, 1 2th 
January, 1640/1 (J:). 

Mary (/j), dau. and 
co-heir of Robert 
Delaval of Cow- 
pen (/>) ; she re- 
married Edward 
Grey of Cowpen, 
and died in Feb., 
1649/50 (/). 

I I 

Robert Mitford, son and heir, baptised 14th Mary, buried 

May, 1640 (/) ; buried 2Sth April, 1641 12th July, 

(»• 1639 O). 


Jane, daughter Bertram Mitford (/;) (c) of New- 

of Sir Robert castle, will dated 5th July, 1623 

Delaval of (/•) ; buried 7th July, 1623 (i). 

Seaton Dela- Christopher, bur. 1 2th .May, I jgo (^'). 

val, knt. (//), Robert Mitford (/;) (^), apprenticed 

married 5th 13th November, 1608, to Francis 

Sept., 1615 liurrell of Newcastle, mercer («) ; 

(y); to whom died 29th November, buried 1st 

her husband December, l66r (7). 

gave his house Henry Mitford (/;) (<■), apprenticed, 

at Higham 30th November, 160S, to Ralph 

Dike ("f). Cock of Newcastle, boothman 
(«) ; living 5th July, 1623 (*). 

Oswald Mitford (/;) (c), apprenticed, 2gth September, 

1609, to Robert Cook of Newcastle, boothman (?/) ; 

living 8th April, 1619 (^) ; living 5th July, 1623 (/■) ; 

[query of North Weetslade ; will dated 26th 

November, 1634 (i)]. 
Isabel, married John Hull (<f) (//) of Ousterley, co. 
Durham (/;) ; marriage licence, 1st March, l6oi. 
Jane (^) (^), unmarried 5th July, 1623 (;4) ; [married 

at St. John's, Newcastle, 5th February, 1625/6, 

Oliver Killingworth of Killingworth]. 
Anne (<•) (/;). unmarried 5th July, 1623 (/f). 
Barbara (<■) (//), unmarried 5th July, 1623 (/). 

Ralph Mitford (/;) of 
Seghill, uncle and 
heir, ' was buried or 
entered into his 
tombe in the church 
of Earsdon in the 
vault belonging to 
him,' 17th February, 
1660/1 (>) ; ad- 
ministration of his 
personal estate, 15th 
April, 1664 (k). 

Barbara, dau. of 
Richard Heron of 
Bockenfield (;) ; 
married, secondly, 
before 15th April, 
1664, Robert 
Johnson (/) (k). 

I • 
Thomas Mitford (/;) 
of High Heaton, 
youngest son, buried 
25th October, 1672 
(5) ; administration 
of his personal estate, 
1673 (I)- 

Michael Mitford, named in his cousin's marriage 
1673, to Christopher Ellison of Newcastle 
February, 1684 ; died 1706 («). 

I I I 
.Alison, baptised 6th July, 1622 (y); 

buried 19th of same month (7). 
Jane, married first, 9th February, 1642/3, 

George Milbourne of Chirton (y), and 

secondly, at Tynemouth, 1st January, 

165 1/2, Ralph Fenwick. 
Dorothy, named in her father's will 

(^'); married John Humphrey' Proctor 

of Shawdon (x). 

settlement, 1669(7) : apprenticed nth November, 
; admitted free of Merchants' Company, 14th 

ter of 

son of 

Robert Mitford of Seghill, baptised 18th Septem- : 
ber, 1645 (/) ; of Corpus Christi College, 
Oxon. ; matriculated loth June, 1664, aged 18 ; 
admitted to Gray's Inn, 21st May, 1664; sold 
the manor of Heaton, 27th April, 1692, to 
Nicholas Ridley of Newcastle («) ; buried ' in 
his own sepulchre' in Earsdon church, gth 
November, 1713 0); will dated 17th March, 
1711/2 ; proved 1714 (f). 

Christian, daughter of Sir William 
Blackett of Newcastle, bart. ; 
articles before marriage, 22nd 
November, 1669 (y) ; married 
30th December, 1669 (j) ; buried 
in the chancel of Earsdon church, 
gth July, 1716 (;) ; will dated at 
Newcastle, 24th November, 1 7 1 5 ; 
proved 17 16 (/). 

I I I 
Michael, baptised 31st May, 1647 

(/) ; buried 9th October of 

same j^ear (/). 
Barbara, baptised gth November, 

1648 o)-. 

Anne, baptised 26th September, 
^^50 O) \ married 23rd 
AuE^ust, 1670, Gawen Preston 
of Newcastle (7). 

I I 

William, eldest son 
and heir (y), bap- 
tised nth April, 
1671 (/) I died 6th 
March, 1681/2 (y) ; 
buried in Morpeth 

Robert, baptised nth 
April, 1672 (» ; 
died 4th March, 
1681/2 O) ; buried 
in Morpeth chancel. 

Michael Mil- : 
ford of Seg- 
hill, bapt. 8th 
July, 1675 

O); [M-l'- 
for Gt. Bed- 
win, Wilts., 
1701] ; na- 
med in his 
mother'swill ; 
dead before 

Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Sir I'^ran- 
cis Blake of 
F^ord, knight ; 
she married, se- 
cond, at Black 
Bourton, Oxon. 
iSthJune, 1717, 
Edward [Digby 
Gerard] Hun- 
gerford of Black 
Bourton (»). 

I I 

Ralph, bap- 
tised I2th 
1677/8 (». 

Timothy, bap- 
tised 4th 
Mar. 1678/9 
(/) ; buried 
27th Sep- 

Blackett Mitford, bap- 
tised 7th July, 1681 
(/) ; apprenticed 14th 
Jul}', 1 6g6, to Jonathan 
Roddam of Newcastle, 
boothman («) ; lieuten- 
ant in Major-General 
G. Hamilton's regt. of 
foot, 1 702- 1 707 ; after- 
wards settled in Bom- 
bay {g) ; will dated 23rd 
August, 1721 ; proved 
gth April, 1759 (?). 


Susanna, named 
in her hus- 
band's will and 
in codicil dated 
I5lh January, 

1730/1 {g)\ 

mar. secondly, 
Thomas Red- 
shaw of Bom- 
ba)^, and after- 
wards of St. 
Anne's, Soho, 


I Susanna, only daughter and executrix, married John Spring of Brigg, co. Lincoln (y) ; party to deed, 15th June, I75g (y). 



I I I 

William, baptised nth Septem- 
ber, 1683 O') ; living 4th 
May, 1695 (7). 

Robert Mitford, baptised l6th 
September, 16S4 (7) ; appren- 
ticed 1st No\'ember, 1700, to 
Thomas Salkeld of Newcastle, 
mercer ; admitted free of Mei- 
chants' Company, 2gth Jul)', 
1719 (n) ; party to deed, 5th 
April, 1723 ((/) ; [bur. 7th June. 
1723, at St. John's, Newcastle]. 

Christopher Mitford of Newcastle, 
baptised 30th January, 168; 6 
(y) ; an executor of his father's 
will ; named in his mother's will 
(/) ; will dated 26th January, 
1744 (y) ; proved 1750 (/). 

. M I I I I I I 

Elizabeth, baptised nth July, 1673(7); married Robert Lilburn (/) of Sunderland, 

CO. Durham, and of Kenton and Gunnerton («') ; named in her mother's will (/) ; 

buried at St. James's, Clerkenwell, December, 1735 («')• 
Margaret, baptised 24th July, 1676 (7) ; married Richard Carr of Newcastle ; marriage 

licence dated Sth July, 1695 (/) ; party to deed, 9th May, 1723 (y). 
Christian, baptised 20th April, 16S0 (7) ; married John Laidman, clerk in orders, 

vicar of Mitford ("/) ; bond of marriage. 2iu\ October, 1707 ; named in her mother's 

will (/) ; party to deed, igih November, 1720 (y). 
Julia, baptised 5th September, 16S7 (7) ; buried 26th September, 1688 (7). 
Diana, baptised 13th September, 1688 (7) ; married 29lh April, 1708, Stephen 

Watson of North Seaton (7) ; named in her mother's will (/) ; party to deed, 14th 

September, 1723 (y). 
Dorothy, baptised at All Saints', Newcastle, 5th November, 1689 (7) ; not married at 

date of her mother's will (/) ; married Thomas Billings of Heighington (^) ; party 

to deed, 14th September, 1723 (7). 
Mary, baptised i8th December, i6go (7) ; buried in her father's sepulchre in PZarsdon 

church, 26lh March, 1714 (7). 
Barbara, baptised 25th April, 1692 (7) ; party to deed, 14th September, 1723 (y). 


Robert Mitford of Seghill, born at Dissington, 23rd = Mary, party 
January, baptised at Newburn, 25th January, 1698/g to fine, 

(7) ; sold Ryal, Ingo and Kearsley ciicn 1721 to 
his kinsman. Sir William lilackett, bart. (y) ; con- 
veyed Seghill, i6th August, 1723, to George Allgood 
of Inner Temple (y). 

28lh Janu- 
ary, 1 720/1 

Francis [a son], born 
at Seaton Delaval, 
4th January, baptised 
in the chapel there, 
I Sth January, 1699/ 
1700 (7). 

Nathaniel Mitford, 
mentioned in the 
will of his grand- 
father. Sir Francis 
Blake, bart., 17th 
August, 1717. 

1654, 1st September. John Midefoord, son to Thomas Midfoord of Bedlingtown, died and buried in the quire of 
Earsdon, under Master Middford's marble stone. £arsdon Register. 

* Christopher Mitford of Newcastle had issue, by his wife Alice, two sons and three daughters, viz., Francis Mitford, 
son and heir, named in his father's will and died s.p. ; Christopher Mitford ; Margaret, wife of Henry Brandling of 
Newcastle ; Sybil, wife of Bertram C)rde of Newcastle ; and Eleanor, wife of Bertram Anderson of Newcastle. 

Christopher .Mitford, junior, was sheriff of Newcastle in 1551, and mayor and governor of the Merchants' Company in 
1556 and 1559. He entered his pedigree at Flower's visitation in 1562/3 ; made his will 21st October, 1577 (see Durham Wilts 
and Inventories, vol. ii. Surt. Soc. Pub. pp. 30-32), and was buried in St. Nicholas' church, Newcastle, 31st May, 1581. 
He left a widow, Jane, daughter of Henry Anderson of Newcastle, who made her will, i6th October, i5o6 (^Durham Wills, 
vol. ii. p. 31, note), and was buried in St. Nicholas', igth April, 1608. By her he had issue : 

(i) Henry Mitford, sheriff of Newcastle in 1582, mayor of that town in 1584, and its representative in parliament in 
1588 and I5g2. He married Barbara, daughter and coheir of Edmund Parkinson of Hulam in the county of Durham, and 
on 22nd July, 1591, purchased half of the manor of Hulam. On l6th May, 1596, he was buried at St. Nicholas', where 
his wife was interred on the following day. Por his issue see Mr. H. R. Leighton, 'The Genealogy of Mitford' in 
Genealogical Magazine, 1903, pp. 491-498. The inventory of his goods is printed in Durham Wills, vol. iii. p. 173. 

(2) Robert Mitford of Newcastle, merchant, married at St. Nicholas', Newcastle, 12th September, 1574, Eleanor Shafto, 
by whom he left issue. He was buried at St. Nicholas', 4th December, 1592. The inventory of his goods is printed in 
Durham Wills, vol. ii. pp. 214-21S. 

(3) Alice, wife of Edmund Craster of Craster. Her will, which is dated 23rd September, 1597, is printed in Durham 
Wills, vol. iii. p. 165. 

t At a court held by the lord warden at Alnwick castle on 2nd December, 1549, John Mitford of Seghill complained 
against George Bulmnn for the third part of the ransom of two Scottish prisoners taken by Bulman at the field of Pinkie 
Cleugh, forasmuch as he had sent him forth to the king's service at that time, furnished him with a horse, and appointed him 
to attend upon his son, who was also present in the said service. Duke 0/ Rutland's MSS. Hist. MSS. Com. vol. i. p. 52. 

(a) Tn/j. p.m. Thomas Musgrave, taken 18th April, 

1488 ; Cal. Inq. Hen. VII. p. 144. 
(/') Inq. p.m. Robert Mitford, 12 Hen. \'ni. C. 

vol. 35, No. 50, taken at Newcastle, 20th 

September, 1520. 
(c) Inq. p.m. John Mitforth, 8 Eliz. C. vol. 143, No. 

58, taken at Ponteland, 2ist September, 1566. 
((Z) Inq. p.m. John Mitforth, 14 Eliz. C. vol. 161, 

No. 118, taken at Ponteland, I2th June, 1572. 
(<■) Inq. p.m. Robert Mittforth, 10 James I. C. vol. 

515, No. 104, taken at Newcastle, December, 

(/) ^"'1- P-'"- Michael Mitford, 14 Charies I. C. vol. 

485, No. 149, taken at Morpeth, 17th Oct., 1636. 
(,^) Flower's Visitation of Yorkshire, 1562/3. 
(/;) St. George's Visitation of Northumberland, 161 5. 
(:) Dugdale's Visitation of Northumberland, 1666. 

(7) Earsdon Register. 

{k) Raine, Test. Ditnelm. 

Ifi) Sir Cuthbert Sharpe's MSS. vol. 35, p. 23. 

(/) Durham Probate Registry. 

(/«) Ministers' .Accounts (Northumberland, 30-31 

Hen. VHI.). 
(«) Dendy, Newcastle Merchant Adventurers. 
(0) Viscount Ridley's deeds. 
(/) Welford, Royal Compositions, p. 216. 
((/) Mr. F^rederick Blake's deeds. 
(>■) Mr. Richard Welford's CollecUons. 
(j) St. Nicholas' Registers, Newcastle. 
(/) Chester, London Marriage Licences, p. 846. 
(7/) Prerogative Court, Canterbury, 
(f) A'oles and Queries, 4th series, vol. vi. page 134. 
(7£') Cf. Nciocastle Courant, 14th October, 1738. 
(.v) Registered pedigree at Heralds' College. 



Issue of Joliu Milfoi J of Seghill, by his second wife, Magdalen, daughter of John Fenwick of Kenton (a). 


Robert Mitford 
(ff) of New- 
castle, buried 
31st August, 
1597 W; fid- 
of his per- 
sonal estate, 
17th Decem- 
ber, 1597 (^). 

Isabel, daughter of 
John Grey of New- 
castle (rt), married 
at AH Saints, New- 
castle, 17th April, 
1592 ; buried 2nd 
April, 1615 (</); ad- 
ministration of her 
personal estate, 25th 
June, 161 5 (/»). 

Christopher Mitford 
(a) of Newcastle, 
merchant, will dated 
buried 2 1st Sept., 

: Eleanor, 
6lh July, 

Bertram Mitford, living 2yth 
September, 1623 (i). 

Bertram Mitford (a) 
[? of the city of 
Durham ; adminis- 
tration of his per- 
sonal estate, 14th 
Jan., 1580/1 (i')]. 

Jane, married first, Francis Burrell ((5), mar- 
riage licence, 25th June, 1608 ; and second, 
Ralph Carnaby of Halton (<). 

I I 

Jane (a), married 

Robert Mitford of 

(«), whose 

dated 28th 


will is 
.Anne (a). 

I . I 

John Mitford of Newcastle (a), mer- = Jane, daughter of Robert Bewick of Christopher Mit- 

chant adventurer, buried 5lh October, Newcastle (a) (e) ; married 25th ford (a), was 

1623 ((/) ; will dated 29th September, October, 1620; buried i8th Novem- under age in 

1623; proved same year (/') C"^)- her, 1621 (</) ; monumental inscrip- 1615 C/6) ; died 

tion, St. Nicholas". s./>. (a). 

(a), liv- 
ing in 

Robert Mitford of Newcastle (n), baptised 19th November, 1621, = F.lizabeth, daughter of Ralph Maddison of Newcastle (a). 

at St. Nicholas', Newcastle ; admitted free of Merchants' Com 
pany by patrimony, loth October, 1651 ; was 45 years of age 
when he entered his pedigree at the Herald's Visitation in 
1666 Qi) ; buried i8th April, 1675 Q/). 

living 28th March, 1674, when she joined her husband 
in the sale of premises, Elmer's Lane or Colvin's Chare, 
Newcastle, which he had from his grandfather, Robert 
Bewick ; [buried 28th July, 16S9 (</)]. 

Robert Mitford, was 16 years 
of age when his father 
entered his pedigree, 25th 
August, 1666 (a). 

John Mitford, was 15 years of age 
in 1666 (a"); apprenticed 1st Sept., 
1667, to Richard Wright of New- 
castle, boothman ; died cirai 1680. 

(a) Dugdale's Visitatioit oj 
Northumherland, 1666. 

(Ji^ Raine, Test. Dunelnt. 
(f) Raine, Test. Ehor. 

I I .1 

Ralph Mitford, was 13 years of Mary, born 

age in i656 (a). before 25th 

Lionel -Mitford, was 7 years of Aug., 1666 

age in 1666 (a). (a). 

(<^) St. Nicholas' Registers, Newcastle. 
(e) Cf. Arch. .Ael. vol. xviii. pp. 253-254. 

Seghill, Benwell, and Biddleston passed under entail first to the son 
and then to the grandson of Sir William Delaval.' The latter, William 
Delaval III.,^ being childless, enfeoffed his father-in-law, William Ellerby, 
of Seghill, upon certain trusts. Apparently the settlement was made in 
favour of Delaval's kinswoman, Dame Elizabeth Burcester, for, when he 
died, and Ellerby proceeded to put other persons into possession, Sir John 
Burcester and his wife appealed to the Court of Chancery and obtained 
the manor, as being the persons interested under the settlement.' They 

' Omnibus, etc. Alanus Whitheved capellanus et Johannes de Killingworth senior. Coiicessimus 
et ad firmam dimisimus Willelmo de la Vale militi maneria nostra de Sighall, Benewell et Bidelisden, 
cum omnibus suis pertinenciis in Hesilden in comitatu Notthumbrie, habenda et tenenda, etc., usque 
ad terminuni decern annorum post datam presencii, etc., reddendo inde quolibet anno predictorum 
annorum unam libram cymini, etc. In cujus, etc. Datum apud Sighall in crastino pro.ximo post festum 
sancti Michaelis Archangeli. Hiis testibus, Ricardo de Horsley tunc vicecomite Northumbrie, Alano 
de Heton, Roberto de la' Vale militibus, Willelmo de Heseliig, Ricardo de Cramlington, et aliis, anno 
Domini millesiino ccc"'" Ixx primo. Wnterford Charters, Ford castle. No. 4. 

^ By letters of attorney, dated October 14th, 143 1, John Remyngton and Thomas Major appointed 
John Turpyn to give seisin to William de la Val, and Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir John de Wid- 
drington, of ten husbandlands in Seghill. Waterjord Charters, No. 56. 

' A le gracious seignur le chaunceller d'Engleterre, supplie humblement Johan Burcestre, chivaler 
del hostielle nostre soveraine seignur le roy, et Elizabeth sa femme, cosyne et heire d'un William de la 
Vale esquyer, q'est a Dieu commaunde, que, come meisme le William fuist seisie en son demesne come 


immediately (1441) sold it to their kinsman, Robert Mitford, for one 
hundred pounds,' and five years hiter settled upon him their property in 
Brandon, and gave him the ultimate reversion of the whole of the Seaton 
Delaval estates.^ Though neither Robert Mitford nor his descendants 
profited by this last entail, they acquired considerable property elsewhere 
by a marriage with one of the two daughters and co-heirs of Thomas 
Musgrave, which brought a moiety of Heaton, Ryall, Kearsley, and Ingoe 
into their possession. 

A report made by Joshua Delaval, about the year 1596, contains a 
description of the economic changes lately accomplished in the township : 

Sighell, being a lordship and inheritance of Robert Metfurth, esquire, wheron John Metfiirth, 
father of the said Robert, kept two ploues going upon his demayne iher of auncient time ; and about 
the 1 2th yeare of her Majesty's reigne ther was also in the said towne of Sighell ten tenements or 
fermholds, wheron ther dwelt ther ten able husbandmen, who kept tenne plowes ther goinge at will 
of the lord, and every of them kept sufficient horse and furniture to attend the captaine of Tine- 
mouth, with ye said John Metfurth, auncient-bearer in her Majestie's service. The tennants' names 
were : Geo. Wardhaugh, Wm. Wardliaugh, Tho. Martin, Gawhin Haroppe, Wm. Mawvin, Richd. 
Mawvin, Robt. Spurnwell, Robt. Hall, John Arcle, and Edw. Atchison, who occupied every one of 
them to their fermholds 60 acres of arable land to every plowetilt, viz., 20 acres in every field at least, 
and payed every of them 40s. rent yearlie or therabouts, as some of the auncient tenantts ther do 
afifirme. All which tenantts the said John Metfurth displaced in his life time, defaced their tene- 
ments, and converted their arable land into pasture, and annexed the same to his demayne to the 
quantitie of 600 acres at least. So that wheras since the tenth yeare of her Majestie's reigne ther 
was ten able men with horse and furniture fitt to serve her Majestic at all times, ther is now not any 
tenement, tenant, horse nor furniture, wher the said auncient tenantts inhabited, nor haith not bene this 
20 yeares last past at least, to the great decay of her Majestie's service and people, weekning of this 
border and defrauding the Queen's Majestie's fermours of all maner of tithes apperteyninge to Tine- 
mouth personage." 

Considerable additions were made to Seghill tower in 1673.'* Frag- 
ments of walling dating from this period may be seen in the Seghill 

de fee de la manoir del Seghell oue les appurtinances en le counlee de Northumbr', et a cause que le dit 
William n'avoit ascun issue de son corps engendree, et pur la graund affiance q'il avoit en un William 
Elleiby, qi avoit espouse la miere du dit William de la Vale, enfefia le dit William Ellerby en le dit 
manoir al entent que il, tauntost apres la deces de dit William de la Vale, ferroit estate au dite Elizabeth, 
come sa cosyne et prochcin heire en fee ; et come, bienque les dilz suppliantz sovent foitz eient requys le 
dit William Ellerby de faire estate au dite Elizabeth del manoir suisdit solonque I'entent suisdit, et que 
nostre soverain seignur suisdit eit de sa grace adresse sez Icttres desouth son signet de ceo faire solonque 
le dit entent, unquore il ceo faire ne voet, mes ad aliene le dit manoir as diverse persones estranges, 
centre le dit entent, a graunt disheritcson du dite Elizabeth, sanz vostre noble grace celle partie ; que 
pleise a vostre reverend paternite de considerer la matier suisdit, et coment les ditz suppliantz sont sanz 
remedie a la commune ley celle parlie ; et sur ce de grauntier un brief adresse au dit William Ellerby 
d'estre devaunt vous au certein jour d'estre examine sur la matiere avauntdit, et en outre de faire ceo que 
droit el reson demandent, en score de charitee. Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 68, No. 254. 

' Feet of Fines, 19 Henry VI. No. 9. " Ibid. 24 Henry VI. Nos. 11 and 12. 

' Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. The number of tene- 
ments given in this report corresponds with the number of husbandlands given in the deed of 1431, as 
well as with the quota of farms at which Seghill was assessed in the Earsdon church books. 

' Wallis, Norlhumhcrland, vol. ii. p. 270. 



Colliery Institute, on the north side of the tower, and in the adjoining 
Blake Arms. A curious terraced garden, adorned with statues and having 
balustrades on the edge of each terrace, is said t(j have been formed about 
the same time.' All trace of it has gone, but about sixty feet south from 
the tower entrance is a forecourt, one hundred feet square, to which access 
was given on the east through gates with noble stone piers fourteen feet in 
height. The mansion-house continued habitable into the second half of 
the eighteenth century, when it fell out of repair, and was finally dismantled 
in 1827." 

On August 16th, 1723, Robert Mitford sold his manor of Seghill for 
_^4,ooo to George Allgood of the Inner Temple, third son of George 
Allgood of Hexham and Lambley.^ Allgood resided at Seghill till his 
death. His will, wdiich is curious, throws some light upon his family 

Will of George Allgood of tlie Inner Temple, dated September 7th, 1727, proved March 12th, 1727/8. 
Whereas I am seized in fee of the manor of Chipchase and of lands there and of all those tithes of corn 
and grain called Birtley tithe, lately purchased by me from Sir Harry Heron, bart., son and heir of Sir 
Charles Heron, bart., deceased, subject to a rent-charge of ^136 13s. 4d. granted by me during the lives 
of the said Sir Harry Heron and Dame Elizabeth his wife; and of the manor and lordship of Seghill, 
purchased from Sir William Blackett and Robert Mitford, esq. ; of Oakwood colliery in the parish of .St. 
John Lee, and of certain leasehold property in London ; and whereas, out of friendliness to my brother 
Robert .•Mlgood who had been harrassed with several expensive suits in law and chancery, as purchaser 
of several estates in Northumberland from the said Sir Charles Heron, bart., under an Act of Parliament, 
I carried on the said suits at my own costs, whereby my brother became indebted to me to the extent of 
^2,400 ; and whereas my purchasing of the said Chipchase estate and Birtley tithes was to extricate 
him out of the suits then depending between him and Sir Harry Heron, whereby my brother not only 
had an allowance of ^1,200 for his said demands, but also had an allowance of a late advantageous pur- 
chase made by him of the said Sir Harry Heron of Shortmoor and Burnmouth foot (parcel of Chipchase 
demesne), and of Nunwick ; and whereas I have never been able to prevail with him to settle the 
accounts of what is justly due from him to me, nor has he thought fit to indempnify me from several 
securities in which I stand bound to him secured by a mortgage on his Flatworth lands held by him on 
lease from the duke of Somerset, and on other property ; I give and bequeath my Chipchase estate and 
Birtley tithes to my friends Lancelot Allgood of Hexham, junior, and Henry Quentry of the parish of St. 
Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, vintner, on trust to sell the same and out of the money thereby arising to 
discharge the mortgage of ^3,000 to my nephew Charles Baldwin, to pay all my debts, to pay to my 
wife, Elizabeth Allgood, ;£200 to be disposed of by her in such manner as she shall think fit at her 
death, and to pay the several legacies hereinafter mentioned : To Anne, the wife of Mr. Soreby, mer- 
chant, and Susanna and George Colpits, children of my niece Alice Colpits, ;/^ioo apiece. To my 
cousins, Bridget Haswell and Elizabeth Johnson, daughters of my late nephew Paul Hudspeth merchant 
deceased, ^100 apiece. To Charlotte, Anthony, and Sarah Quentry, children of the said Henry 

' T. M. Richardson, Castles of the English and Scottish Bonier. 

- To be let, the mansion-house of Sighill, having about three acres in gardening, well planted with 
fruit trees, and two fields in very good condition adjoining the same, and the house has been lately new- 
roofed. Newcastle Courant, January 31st, 1761. 

Mr. Frederick Blake's deeds. 


Qucntry, nephew of my said wife, ^ I oo apiece. To my cousin Martha Surtecs, late Martha Winshipp, 
^loo. And the residue of the money arising by sale of the Chipchase estate and Dirtley tithes and the 
aforesaid farm called Oakwood, I will to be applied by my trustees in the purchase of lands near my 
estate at Seghill, and to be settled to the same uses as that estate. I charge my manor and lands of 
Seghill with several annuities, viz., /!20o to my wife for life; ^lo apiece for life to my sisters, Alice 
Hudspeth and Margaret Smith ; ^20 to my nephew, George Smith, during the joint lives of him and 
my wife, and after her decease, then £^0 for life. I devise my said manor and lands of Seghill, so 
charged, to my trustees to hold to the following uses: (i) to my brother, Thomas Allgood, and to his 
heirs in tail male ; (2) to the said Lancelot Allgood and to his heirs in tail male ; {3) to my nephew, 
George Smith, and to his heirs in tail male, upon condition that they take the name of Allgood ; (4) to 
my cousin Major Allgood, brother of the said Lancelot Allgood, and to his heirs in tail male; (5) to my 
own right heirs for ever. And all other my lands in the parish of St. John Lee to my said trustees upon 
trust to sell the same and out of the money arising from the sale to pay off certain mortgages, bonds and 
debts specified. I devise to my brother Robert Allgood one shilling and aquit him of the aforesaid debt 
of ^2,400 and all other sums owing me, provided he pay the several debts, bonds and mortgages before 
mentioned, and all other sums which I am bound with him for, he having no want or occasion for any 
part of my estate, having about ^1,400 per annum out of his own estate, and but one young daughter.' 

George Allgood died at Seghill shortly after making his will, and was 
buried at He.xham, where his younger brother and heir, Thomas Allgood, 
was also buried on January 30th, 1734. Neither Thomas Allgood nor 
Lancelot Allgood, who died in the month of February, 1734, appear to 
have left issue ; and the estate consequently descended to George Smith, 
ah'as Allgood, son of Robert Smith of Dublin, bv Anne, sister of George 
Allgood the testator. George Smith died at Marcli, in the Isle of Elv, 
in August, 1749, leaving no male issue. Major Allgood, brother of Lancelot 
Allgood of Hexham, and second son of Major Allgood, rector of Simon- 
burn, had deceased in April, 1749, leaving an only daughter. Seghill 
therefore reverted to the right heirs of George Allgood the testator, in 
the person of Jane Allgood, onlv daughter and heir of Robert Allgood 
of Nunwick. She married her kinsman, Sir Lancelot Allgood, son of 
Isaac Allgood of Brandon White House and grandson of the rector of 
Simonburn." Their only surviving son, Dr. James Allgood, sold Seghill 
about the end of the eighteenth centurv to Sir Francis Blake of Twizel, 
second baronet, whose son, Sir Francis Blake, third baronet, devised the 
estate to Mr. Frederick Blake, the present owner. 

The development of the coalfields underlving Seghill, which com- 
menced in 1826, has added considerably to the size of the population. 
In 1S46 the township was separated from Earsdon chapelry and was formed 
into a new ecclesiastical district or parish, a part of Seaton Delaval and a 

' Mr. Frederick Blake's deeds. 

- Pedigree of Allgood in the Rev. John Hodgson's MSS. E 2, pp. 369-377. 


small portion of Cramlington being annexed to it. The church, which is 
dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was consecrated on July 23rd, 1849. ^" 
March 10th, 1863, the Local Government Act of 1858 was adopted by 
Seghill, and under the provisions of the x^ct of 1894 the township is 
now governed by an Urban District Council consisting of five members. 
The village contains a public elementary school, and chapels of the 
Primitive and Free Church Methodists. 


After flowing through Seghill township and skirting the northern 
bounds of Backworth, the Seaton burn follows a deeper channel past the 
village of Holywell. That name, in this as in many other instances of 
its occurrence, is descriptive of the sanctity attached in the Middle Ages 
to springs presenting peculiar chemical phenomena. Wallis, writing in 
1769, observed : 

At the village of Halyuell, near Seaton Delaval, in a field called the Park, is a spring ... of 
a strong atramentous taste, and turns to a deep purple with galls. It is dedicated to St. Mary and is 
called the haly-well, from which the village takes its name. In the stone pavement of the rivulet, on the 
north side, next the village, is a vitrioline spring, very perceivable in a dry summer, rising in perpen- 
dicular bubbles ; a yellow ochre, or martial earth, plentiful on the pavement by it. It is of an irony taste. 
There is another of the same kind, a little higher up the rivulet, by a slate-quarry. They are both 
known to the neighbourhood, but not used. They give a purple with galls.' 

As a stage upon the road from Tynemouth to Bedlington, Holywell 
early became a place of comparative size and importance. It forms the 
centre of a township of 1,375 acres, of which the boundary runs northward 
from the point of junction of Holywell, Backworth, and Seaton Delaval 
townships, as far as the modern mining hamlet of Seaton Terrace. At 
that point it turns eastward in the direction of the Dairy House. Falling 
short of the Avenue railway-line, it proceeds southwards, across Holywell 
dene, to Clark's houses on the Brierdene burn, and then follows up that 
stream to its source at West Holywell, where Backworth township is 
reached. The population, as taken at the last census, was 3,085.^ Until 
a century ago, the name of the place was habitually written and pro- 
nounced Halliwell, and this is still the local pronunciation. 

' Wallis, Northumberland, vol. i. p. i8. 

■'Census returns are as follow: 1801, 107; iSii, 124; 1821, 100; 1831, 478; 1841, 1,164; 1851, 
1,134; 1861,1,261; 1871,1,555; 1881,2,231; 1891,2,782; 1901,3,085. 


Holywell formed an outlying member of the extensive By well barony 
conferred by William Rufus upon Guy de Baliol. It appears, from a 
grant made by Henry II. to Hugh fitz Roger of free warren in Seaton, 
Callerton and Holywell, that the last named vill had been granted out 
by the Baliols before 1166 to the Delaval family.' 

A fine or final concord taken before Henry de Pudsey, justiciar of 
Hugh de Pudsey, bishop of Durham, in the court of Eustace de Baliol 
at Woodhorn on May 8th, 1190, between Gilbert Delaval and Edwulf, 
son of Robert of Holywell, deserves more than a passing attention. Not 
only is it in all probability the sole surviving document illustrative of 
Hugh de Pudsey's brief administration of the Northumbrian earldom 
(i 189- 1 194), but it furnishes additional proof of the exercise of Ji/ra 
regalia by the earl, and shows how each revival of the earldom brought 
the old palatine powers into existence.'^ By this agreement Edwulf 
allowed that he owed 25s. 8d. yearly for the farm of Holywell, as well 
as the occasional payment of eight shillings for relief, merchet, or fine. 
On two days in the autumn he was to find twenty-six reapers, who should 
be given their dinner by Delaval as lord of the manor. His men were 
obliged to do one fourth part of the repairs of Holywell mill, and to 
give the thirteenth dish for multure ; Edwulf was himself excused from 
the payment of multure on condition of giving the miller a meal on the 
day that he ground his corn. He might not convert customary land 
into demesne, wherebv the lord of the manor should lose the multure 
and services of his tenants. If at any time there was too little water in 
the Holywell burn to turn the mill, the tenants were to take their corn to 
Seaton mill to be ground. On one day in the year, Edwulf had to plough 
the demesne and customary land of Seaton Delaval. In consideration 
of four marks then paid to Delaval, all other services were compounded 
at an annual payment of one shilling.' 

' PUcita de quo warranto, Record Com. p. 589. As Bernard de Baliol failed to make a return of his 

fees at the inquisition of 1166, information is lacking as to the disposition of his fiefs. At the time that 
this inquest was taken, Hugh fitz Roger was already dead. 

- For evidence that pleas of the crown were held by Bishop Walcher when earl of Northumberland, 
see Florence of Worcester, Ckronicon, English Historical Society vol. ii. pp. 14-15. 

' The document has a curious history. It was discovered in 188S by Mr. John Robinson, among a 
disordered mass of ofifice papers and family muniments in the office of the Hartley bottle-works, and was 
presented by him, together with a large bundle of court rolls and other miscellaneous papers of the 
si.xteenlh century, to the Newcastle Society of .Antiquaries. Unfortunately it was never printed and is 
now missing, but Mr. C. J. Bates gave an abstract of it and pointed out its importance in his History of 
Northumberland (1895), p. 131. Search among the Marquis of Waterford's MSS. at Ford castle has 

Vol. IX. 10 


Edwulf, son of Robert, appears to have been succeeded in his holding 
by Geoffrey, son of Edwulf. An agreement made on February I2th, 
1226/7, in the king's court at Newcastle, between the said Geoffrey and 
Ralph, son of William, and Aesia, daughter of Robert, provides for a 
partition of four carucates between the parties. The two western carucates 
were apportioned to Ralph and Aesia; the other two, which lay towards 
the east, were given to Geoffrey in reversion upon the deaths of Margery, 
widow of William, and Alice, widow of Robert. Here the carucates are 
clearly seen to be definite tracts of land having fixed boundaries, and 
not simply imaginary aggregates of scattered strips. Geoffrey's capital 
messuage or dwelling-house lay in one of the two western carucates, of 
which it formed part.' 

bioufjlit to liglit a Uite fifteenth century transcript of the same deed, differing from the former in its 
reading of the n.anie of the second party to the suit. Mr. Bates's abstract gives this as Edwulf son of 
Robert, which is undoubtedly the true reading ; but tlie transcriber of the document at Ford, either from 
carelessly reading Hiig'is for Rob'ti, or in a laudable attempt to bring the record up to date, wrote 
A', ilomiiius Fitzhewe. He appears, however, to have given the total of rent payable correctly, namely, 
25s. 8d., though his arithmetic is at fault in fixing the half-yearly payments at 17s. lod. and los. lod. 
Mr. Bates's abstract gives the total at los., which cannot stand when compared with later records of the 
same holding. Owing to the loss of the document found in the Hartley bottle-works it is impossible to 
say whether this total of 10s. occurred in it. The Rev. William (ireenwell, to whom the deed was 
submitted, pronounced it to be a copy made at a very early date, if not an original record of 1190. 
Happily there seems to be no room for doubting its genuineness. A fifteenth century forger is not 
likely to have been acquainted with the details of Pudsey's administration. In the following transcript 
of the Ford document, emendations are given in italics. 

Hec est finalis concordia in curia Eustachii BaiUol apud Woodhorn die Martis pro.ximo ante 
pentecostem, anno regni regis Richardi secundo, coram Henrico de Puteaco, tunc justiciario Hugonis, 
Uunelmensis episcopi et Northumbrie comitis, et Johanne filio suo, et Waltero filio Gilbarti et Rogero 
de Eggleff et Edmundo de Seton et Nicholao de Heddon et aliis baronibus et fidelibus ibidem tunc 
presentibus, inter Gilbertuni Delavall et Etiwulfum filiiiiii Roberti, quod dictus Eiiwiil/us filius Roberti 
recognovit predicto quod debet viginti et quinque solidos et octo denarios de ferma de Hallywell per 
annum, jacente et existente in parochia de Tynmought in comitatu Northumbrie et de barronia de Nigra 
Callerton, dimidium ad festum Penthecoste, scilicet duodecim solidos et decem denarios, et alterum 
dimidium ad festum sancti Cuthberti in mense Septembris, videlicet diwdecim solidos et decem 
denarios, equis porcionibus, et octo solidos de relevio cum evenerit, et octo solidos de mercato cum 
evenerit, et octo solidos de forisfactura cum evenerit. Et ipse, prediclus Edwiilfus filius Rubtrti, inveniet 
predicto Gilberto duobus diebus in aulumpno ad metendum, utroque die viginti sex homines. Et ipse 
Gilbartus pascet homines predictos in hiis duobus diebus semel in die. Et homines predicti Edunilfi 
filii Rohcrti facient operationem molendini de Halleuell, scilicet quartam partem operacionis predicti 
molendini ; et dabunt molturam suam de blado suo ad predictuin molendinuni, scilicet tertium decimum 
vas. Et predictus Edictilfus filius Roberti molet ibidem omne bladum suum sine moltura, et in illo die 
quo molet pascet niolendinarium. Et predictus Edwuljtis filius Ruberti non \ ertet teriam consuetudi- 
nariam ad propriuni dominicum suum, unde predictus Gilbartus amiltat molturam suam vel predicta 
servicia. Et si molendinum de Hallewell in estate pro defectu aque mollere non potuit, tunc homines 
predicti Edwulfi filii Roberti molent, dabunt molturam, et facient predictuni operationem ad inolen- 
ciinum aquaticum de Seton, sicut facere debent ad molendinum de Hallywell. Et predictus Edwulfiis 
filius Roberti arabit una die terram predicti Gilbarti tarn de propriis carrucis quam de carrucis hominum 
suorum ; et predictus Gilbartus pascet eos ilia die semel. Et predictus Gilbartus et heredes sui quiete 
clamaverunt predictum Edwulfuin filium Roberti et heredes suos de omnibus aliis serviciis et consue- 
tudinibus preter solidum servicii. Et pro hac quieta claraatione predictus Edwulfus filius Roberti dedit 
predicto Gilbarto quatuor marcas argenti. 

' Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Novum Castrum super Tynam die Jovis 
proxima post octabas purificationis beate Marie, anno regni regis Henrici filii regis Johannis undecimo, 


Services and customs also formed the subject of an action brought 
by Gilbert Delaval, in 1219, against Roger of Halliwell.' The latter was 
probably the Roger, son of Uctred, who on November 20th, 1208, appeared 
as partv to a fine levied in the king's court at Newcastle. Matilda of 
Halliwell and her sister, Agnes, there acknowledged his right to four 
carucates of land in Holywell, and received from him thirty and twenty- 
four acres respectively. The furlongs or shots in which the various acres 
lay are carefully enumerated. Agnes also obtained, in addition to the 
twenty-four acres, a payment of si.K marks and a grant of the toft which 
Alan the miller's son once held.'^ The recurrence of four carucates as a 
holding tends to show that Holywell was at this time held in two equal 

etc., inter Gaufridum filium Edulfi petentem et Radulfum filium Willelmi tenentem de una carucata terre 
cum pertinentiis in Haliwell, et inter eundem Gaufridum petentem et Aesiam filiam Roberti tenentem 
de una carucata terre cum pertinentiis in eadem villa, et inter eundem Gaufridum petentem et predictos 
Radulfum et Eysiam quos Margeria que fuit uxor Willelmi de Haliwell vocavit ad warantum et qui 
ei warantizaverant, tenentes de una carucata terre cum pertinentiis in eadem villa, et inter eundem 
Gaufridum petentem et predictos Radulfum et Aesiam quos Alicia que fuit uxor Roberti de Haliwell 
vocavit ad warantum et qui ei warantizaverant, tenentes de una carucata terre cum pertinentiis in 
eadem villa ; unde placitum fuit inter eosdem in eadem curia, scilicet quod predicti Radulfus et Aesia 
recognoverunt totam predictam terram cum pertinentiis esse jus ipsius Gaufridi. Et pro hac recog- 
nicione fine et concordia idem (iaufridus concessit predictis Radulfo et Aesie medietatem tocius predicte 
terre cum pertinenciis, excepto capitali mesagio ad predictam terram pertinenti, quod eidem Gaufrido 
remanet, ilia scilicet medietas que jacet usque versus occidentem, habendam et tenendam eisdem 
Radulfo et Aesie et heredibus eorum de eodem Gaufrido et heredibus suis in perpetuum, faciendo inde 
servicium quod ad eandem terram pertinet, ita tantum quod predicte Margeria et Alicia tenebunt 
predictas duas carucatas terre cum peitinentiis in eadem villa toto tempore vite sue nomine dotis, 
faciendo medietatem servicii quod ad eandem terram pertinet predictis Radulfo et Aesie, et aliam 
medietatem predicto Galfrido. Et post mortem ipsarum Margerie et Alicie tota predicta medietas 
predictarum carucatarum terre cum pertinentiis revertetur ad ipsum Gaufridum et heredes suos, tenenda 
in dominico quiete de heredibus ipsarum Margerie et Alicie inperpetuum, ilia scilicet medietas que est 
usque versus orientem, et alia medietas predictis Radulfo et Aesie et heredibus eorum, ilia scilicet 
medietas que jacet versus occidentem. Et pro hac concessione idem Gaufridus dedit et concessit 
eisdem Radulfo et Aesie in escambium predicti capitalis mesagii de quodam tofto quod est versus 
occidentem in longitudine et latitudine ad quantitatem medietatis predicti mesagii, habendum et 
tenendum eisdem Radulfo et Aesie et heredibus eorum simul cum medietate predicte terre per predictum 
servicium sicut predictum est. Et hec concordia facta fuit presentibus predictis Margeria et Alicia et 
cognoscentibus se nichil clamare in predictis duabus carucatis terre nisi ad vitam suam nomine dotis. 
Feet of Fines, Hen. IH. No. 19. Duke of Northumberland's transcripts. For other instances of hides 
or carucates with fixed boundaries see Vinogradoff", Growth of the Manor, p. 256, note 37. 

' Pipe Rolls, ed. Hodgson, p. 120. The Curia Regis Rolls furnish no further details. 

- Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Novum Castrum super Tinam, die sancti 
Edmundi, anno regni regis Johannis decimo, etc., inter Matildam de Haliwell et .A.gnetem sororem ejus 
petentes ct Rogerum filium Uctred tenentem, de iiij'" carrucatis terre cum pertinentiis in Haliwell, unde 
recognicio mortis antecessoris summonita fuit inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet quod predicte Matilda et 
Agnes recognoverunt predictas iiij carrucatas terre cum pertinentiis esse jus ipsius Rogeri, et pro hac 
recognicione et fine et concordia predictus Rogerus dedit et concessit eisdem Matilde et .\gneti 
quinquaginta quatuor acras terre cum pertinentiis de eadem terra ; ita scilicet quod predicte Matilde 
remanent xxx acras terre cum pertinentiis, qua) um vj sunt in cultura de Crosflat magis forinsece versus 
orientem, et ij acre in cultura de Stullethomeflat, et ij acre in cultura de Holfordesid, et iiij'" acre in 
cultura que dicitur Aftertheleches, et ij acre in cultura de Erdesduneswei et ij acre in cultura de Hetrigg, 
et iiij acre in cultura de Moriknol, et iiij '"■ acre ui cultura de Fennes, et ij acre in cultura de Faules, 
et ij acre in cultura de Langeleesflat ; et preterea unum toftum cum pertinentiis in Haliwell, scilicet illud 


Roger was a benefactor of the Benedictine nunnery of St. Bartholomew 
at Newcastle, to which he granted six acres of arable land in Holywell 
as a provision for a light upon the altar of St. Mary.' These six acres, 
namely, two in Wvthenes, one in Pipewith rigg towards Chesters, one in 
Hethe-rigg, one in West Longge-leyes, and one near the road leading from 
Seaton to Newcastle, were leased by the convent, together with a toft in 
the village which Thoret the miller once held, to Roger of Backworth at 
a rent of five shillings yearly.^ 

Another small endowment made to the nunnery comprised a toft and 
fourteen acres. The whole was leased at Whitsuntide, 1233, by the prioress 
and convent, to Gilbert of Halliwell, surnamed the key-bearer, for a term 
of twenty years, in return for a yearly rent of 12s. 6d., of which sum 
4s. 6d. was appropriated to the support of St. Mary's light. ^ A lease of 
the fourteen acres made in 1320 to Robert of Halliwell, clerk, and Alice 
his wife, for six shillings yearly rent, specifies the fourteen acres as lying, 
three on the North Clavor towards the moor, one and a half by Salterford, 
one at Erthesdun-leche, two on Papeworte rigge, one half at Rever-rokys, 
three in the West Lang-leys, two at Goddes-buttes, besides three roods 

toftum cum perlinentiis quod Wiot filius Mildrid tenuit, habendum et tenendum ipsi Matilda et 
heredibus suis de predicto Rogero et heredibus suis, per liberum servicium unius libra cumini per annum 
reddendum ad festum sancti Cuthberti in Septembri pro omni servicio ; et ita quod ipsi Agneti 
remanent xxiiij acre terre cum pertinentiis de eadem terra, quarum ij acre sunt in cultura de Wednas, et 
ij acre in cultura de Beneflat, et j acra in cultura da Stullethorn, et j acra in cultura da Muserlawe, 
at j acra in cultura de Wolflawe, et j acra in cultura de Beracre, et j acra in cultura de Bakestapottes, et j 
acra in cultura de Faules, et j acra in cultura de Codesbuttes, at vj acra in cultura de Crosflat, et j acra 
in Esdunewei, et j acra in cultura de Leches, et j acra in cultura de Estarlongacre, et j acra in Farnisid', 
et j acra in cultura de Papewordherigg', et j acra in cultura de Bakewordhemer', et j acra in cultura 
de Leiflat ; habenda at tananda ipsi Agnati et filiis suis da Garmano presbitero at heredibus filiorum 
illorum, de predicto Rogero et heredibus suis per liberum servicium unius libri cumini par annum 
reddandi ad festum sancti Cuthberti in Septembre pro omni servicio. Et si forte contingerit quod 
filii ipsius Agnetis da predicto Garmano haredes non habeant de se, predicte xxiiij" acra terre cum 
pertinentiis que ipsi Agneti remanent, revertentur ad heredes ipsius ."Xgnatis, tananda de predicto Rogero 
et heredibus suis par libarum servicium unius libri cumini per annum reddendi ad festum sancti 
Cuthberti in Septembri pro omni servicio. Et preterea idem Rogarus dadit ipsi Agneti vj marcas 
argenti. Et sciendum quod idem Rogerus dedit at concessit ipsi .Agneti illud toftum cum pertinentiis 
in Haliwell quod Alanus filius molandinarii tenuit, habendum et tenendum sibi et filiis suis de Germano 
presbitero at heredibus filiorum illorum si heredes habeant de se, et, si heradas non habeant de sa, 
heredibus ipsius .A-gnatis, tenendum cum xxiiij acris terre cum pertinentiis que ipsi Agneti remanent 
de predicto Rogero et heredibus suis per predictum servicium unius libri cumini reddendi per annum 
pro omni servicio. Feet of Fines, John, No. 13. Duka of Northumberland's transcripts. 

' Brand, Newcastle, vol. i. p. 211, citing deed in the .Augmentation Office. Stephen, chaplain of 
Tynemouth, occurs among the witnesses. 

'" Ibid. p. 207, note w. The deed, which remains in the Augmentation Office, is witnessed by 
Thomas de Haliwell, Stephen da Heddun, John, son of Geoffrey, Peter de Haliwell, William, son of 
Ralph, and Simon de Neusum. 

" Madox, Fonnularc Anglicaiuim, p. 132, from deed in the .Augmentation Office. Roger de Barnaham 
and Robert, son of Humphrey, were pledges for the prioress, and Geoffrey and Roger of Halliwell for 
Gilbert. The deed is witnessed by Ralph, son of Jordan, Adam of Backworth, and Robert of Backworth. 


on Cup-leche and one rood at the Wodyland.' Such was the conservative 
character of medieval land-tenure that the two little holdings retained 
their distinctive names of the Ladv Light land and the Nuns' land until 
long after the dissolution." 

The field-names occurrinij in these earlv deeds are not without interest. 
Wolf-law has survived in Wolfhill farm. Earsdon-way points to the road 
south from Holywell, a section of the route from Tynemouth to Bedlington. 
The road from Newcastle to Seaton Delaval cannot be positively identified, 
but may denote a continuation of the king's highway which ran to Back- 
worth. Probably it continued through Holywell, and proceeded north- 
eastwards, past the Dairy House, to the south-west side of Seaton Delaval 
hall, pursuing the same course as the modern footpath.' No stone cross 
or earthen ramparts remain to show the position of Crossflat or the Chesters. 
Salter's ford, however, is fixed beyond doubt by a sixteenth century bounder 
of Hartley, as a ford across the Brierdene burn at Clark's houses, where 
Holywell, Hartley, and Earsdon townships touch.* 

Holywell fell within the group of cornage-paying townships, fifteen 
pence being due every year to the lord of the barony of Bywell upon 
St. Cuthbert's day.' That Hugh fitz Roger and his son, Gilbert Delaval, 
held the township by military service is probable." Sir Eustace Delaval, son 
and successor of Gilbert Delaval, was freed from service in consequence 
of a marriage' — his wife, Christiana, was perhaps a member of the house of 
Baliol ; but on his death his brother. Sir Henry Delaval, became charged 

' Brand, Newcastle, vo\. i. p. 215, note t, from the original deed in the Augmentation Office; seal, 
a ship ; s. GERVASII fil' NlGELLl. In the same repository is a lease, made in 133S by the prioress and 
convent to Robert, son of Walter Truket of Halliwell, of a messuage in the same place. Ibid. p. 216, 
note V. 

^ 'The ferme of the Lady Light land, purchased by Thomas Bates as it is said, xjs. The fernie of 
certayne ridges called Novvne-land, 3s. 4d.' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. ; early seventeenth 
century survey of Tynemouthshire under Halliwell. Compare list of fee farm rents, parcel of the 
possessions of the priory of St. Bartholomew, quoted by Brand, Newcastle, vol. i. p. 232, note a. 

' This road is perhaps the Castle-vvay mentioned in an order of the manorial court made in 1475, 
that no tenant of Holywell should keep a horse untethered in Castle-way or should keep more than one 
horse tethered there. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

'See below under Hartley. In 1561 the constables of Holywell presented Edward Taylor for not 
building his part of the pound fold, and for not making dikes at Salter's ford. Ibid. 

^ Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67. Although the extent here quoted was taken as late as 1353, 
cornage-rent was certainly not a new imposition. In a list of townships owing cornage and castle ward 
to the barony of Bywell, drawn up in 1608, Holywell is entered for 4s. 8d. See vol. vi. of this work, p. 85. 

" In 1219 Gilbert Delaval was made liable for ten marks, part of a debt to the Crown of two hundred 
pounds incurred by Hugh de Baliol upon his thirty knights' f'ees. Pipe Rolls, ed. Hodgson, p. 120. Ten 
marks is the proper proportion for a single fee. 

' Testa de Nevil, Record Com. p. 388 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pi. iii. vol. i. p. 220; inquest of 1240. 



with the service of one knight's fee.' Christiana Delaval survived her 
husband. She received dower upon engaging not to marry again without 
the king's licence, an unlikely event in view of her age and infirmity.^ The 
Delaval interest in Holywell then included a yearly rent of thirty shillings 
from Thomas of Halliwell, and 14s. 4d. from John, son of Geoffrey.' 

A population of some size inhabited this village, as appears from the 
earlier subsidy rolls. 

Halliwell Subsidy Roll, 1296.' 




s. d. 

Summa bono 


Robeiti clerici 







Hugonis de Inyhow ... 



> 7i 


Johaiinis filii Robert! ... 




I 9 


Robert! fili! Walter! ... 





2 oi 


Thome God!bur 




> 7* 

Probatur summa hujus villa, £6 is. 4d. ; unde domino regi, lis. oid. 

Halliwell Subsidy Roll, 1312.' 



d. s. d. 

Summa bonorun 

Hugonis de Ingow 



4 unde regi 3 iij 


Cristiane de Hertelaue 


„ 10 


VVillelmi filii Gilbert! 


1 1 

4 „ 3 1* 


Ade filii Thome 


„ 10 


Eustaci! filii Roger! 


4 M I 7i 


.\rnaldi de Haliwell ... 



6 „ 3 4i 


Thome de Ingow 



- 11 3 'A 


Simonis filii Walter! 



4 n 3 9 





4 „ 30* 


Radulphi filii Radulphi 



S „ 28 


Ade Mauson 


6 „ 4 oi 


Robert! clerici 



„ 56 


Johannis filii Radulphi 



S „ 3 5i 


Johannis filii Robert! 



10 „ 2 ii| 


Reginald! de Haliwell 



2 „ 2 8A 


Simonis Brasse 



8 „ 3 9i 


Robert! filii Walter! 



4 „ 3 64 


Thome Godibure 



8 „ 2 iiA 

Summa summarum particularum, ^27 15s. lod. 

unde regi, 55s. 7A. Probatur. 

' Cal. Inquisitions, vol. i. p. 252. 

- Cum Eustachius de la Val, qui de rege tenuit in capite, diem clausit exlremum, et Cristiana relicta 
ejusdem adeo senex sit et debilis quod ad regem laborare nequit sicut rex intellexit, mandatum est 
Ricardo de Shireburn, escaetori regis ultra Trentam, quod si terrae quae fuerunt ejusdem Eustachi! sint 
in manu regis occasione mortis sue, accepta securatione a predicta Cristiana quod non maritabit se sine 
licencia regis, eidem rationaliilem dotem suam de terris predictis in manu regis existentibus de quibus 
predictus Eustachius fuit seisitus in dominico suo ut de feodo, etc. T. R. ap. Westm. xv die Mart. 
Close Rolls, 42 Hen. III. ni. 9. Duke of Northumberland's transcripts. 

•' Inq. p.m. C. Hen. III. file 21, No. 8 ; Curia Regis Rolls, No. 165. ' Lay Subsidy Rolls, ^^. 

^ Ibid. i,^s. Fewer names occur in the roll of 1336 {ibid, ^i-) : Alicia, uxor Walter!, 8s. ; Robertus 
Vescy, 4s. ; Rogerus de Haliwell, 3s. 4d. ; Willelmus de Hedley, 2s. Summa, 17s. 4d. 


In 1296 Holywell was found to be divided into four holdings. John 
the chaplain paid two marks rent ; John, son of Robert the clerk, and 
Germanus of Halliwell each paid 2s. 6d. ; Simon Bras paid five shillings.' 
It will be convenient to pursue the history of these holdings separately. 

John the chaplain was possessed of half the township. Before 131 1 
his lands had passed to Geoffrey le Scrope and Juliana his wife, who held 
by homage, fealty, suit of court, and the payment of two marks rent above 
mentioned. Suit and multure were owed to Seaton mill. Minor services 
were, making the mill pond and carting millstones and timber, estimated 
at one shilling ; the loan of a plough on one day in the spring, worth four- 
pence ; and reaping on one day in autumn with fifty-two men, valued at 
one mark.^ The close parallelism existing between these services and those 
rendered by Edwulf, son of Robert, in 11 90 shows that they were due for 
one and the same holding.' Geofl'rey le Scrope, or at least his son, also 
held eighty acres in the other half of the manor, by the service of reaping 
for one day in autumn with seven labourers.'' His income from the 
moiety of Holvvvell, according to a return made in 1341, was as follows: 

Site of a manor house ... ... ... 

40 acres of arable demesne ... ... ... 

5 acres of meadow demesne ... ... ... 

Rents of bonds («a<iV;) 
Rents of tenants at will 

Total Is 13 4' 

Sir Geofl'rey le Scrope" obtained a further interest in the county in 
131 1, when he received from John de Clavering a grant in fee of the manor 

' Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I. No. 47. " /"(;. p.m. 5 Edw. 11. No. 70. 

' The rent corresponds in both cases, as does the total number of day-works. An inquisition taken 
in 1363 gives fifty-two day-works for the Scrope moiety and forty-nine due for the rest of the township. 
The four carucates of 1 190 find their parallel in the sixteen husbandlands or virgates of 1452. 

' Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67. ^ Inq. p.m. 14 Edw. IH. pars i, No. 35. 

" A mass of information bearing upon the Scrope family is gathered together in the record of 
proceedings in a cause of arms between Richard le Scrope and Robert Grosvenor, heard in 1389, printed 
from tlie Chancery Miscellaneous Rolls, bundle 10, Nos. 2 and 3. by Sir Nicholas H. Nicolas, as 
Script- and Grosvenor Rolls. For Sir Geoffrey le Scrope see particularly the deposition of Sir William 
de .^cton, gi\en ibid. vol. i. pp. 143-143. The editor has given a full account of the Scropes of Mashani, 
together with a pedigree of the family, in vol. ii. pp. 93-158. Amongst other accounts of the Scrope 
fainily, special mention may be made of Thoroton, Nottinghamshire, p. 346, where a Scrope chartulary is 
cited, the property of .Sir Robert Cotton in 1609, and of Lord William Howard, 161 5 ; also Hodgson, 
Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. pp. 371-373, for the Scrope connexion with Whalton. Biographies of 
Sir Geoffrey le Scrope and of the first and third Lord Scrope of Masham are given in the Dictionary oj 
National Biography. 














and barony of Whalton.' A lawyer, soldier, and diplomatist of note, he 
was in 1324 appointed chief justice of the King's Bench. His son and heir. 
Sir Henry le Scrope, was in 1350 summoned to parliament as a baron (the 
title of Lord Scrope of Masham being given to him and his issue by way 
of distinction from the Scropes of Bolton, who represented the elder line), 
was steward of the king's household, and also filled the important posts of 
governor of Calais and Guisnes in 1360, and warden of the marches in 1370. 
His great-grandson Henry, third Lord Scrope of Masham, lord treasurer 
and knight of the garter, was one of the three conspirators in the infamous 
Southampton plot of 141 5, whereby he lost his life and estates. His moiety 
of Holywell was at that time returned as worth two pounds yearly and 
no more, by reason of the barrenness and poverty of the land.^ 

In 1423 the forfeited lands were restored to the traitor's brother, Sir 
John le Scrope, in whose person the barony was revived.' The fourth 
Lord Scrope sold his Northumbrian and Yorkshire estates in 1443 for 
_2^2,ooo to his kinsman and neighbour, William Fitzhugh, fourth Lord Fitz- 
hugh of Ravenswath.^ A survey of Holywell, taken in 1452 at the death 
of the new owner, enumerates a free rent of four pence yearly from William 
Foxneys and his heirs, tenants of a messuage and husbandland ; two 
messuages each worth eleven pence yearly, five cottages each worth four 
pence yearly, three tofts that were of no value as being wholly laid 
waste ; and fifteen husbandlands each worth yearly two shillings.'^ There 
were thus si.xteen husbandlands, and the same number is suggested bv the 
rent of sixty-four shillings paid in 1340 by tenants at will, though the rent 
of each holding must, on that supposition, have been reduced by half in 
the course of a century. The customary tenants, already a recognised 
class in 1340, had maintained their position, but the demesne lands had 
been abandoned. Intimately connected with this last charge is the dis- 
appearance of the bonds or serfs, holding by precarious tenure, upon whom 
the profitable working of the demesne had so largely depended. 

George Fitzhugh, seventh and last Lord Fitzhugh of Ravenswath, died 
an infant in 15 12, and his estates were divided between his two aunts, 
Elizabeth, wife of Sir William Parr of Kendal castle, and Alice, wife 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1307-1313, p. 401. '" Iiiq. ad quod daniiitiin, 7 Hen. \'. No. 6 b (old numeration). 

■' Scrope and Grosvi'iwr Rolls, vol. ii. p. 149 ; Chancery Miscellanea, bundle 7, No. I. 
' Feet 0/ Fines, 21 Hen. VI. No. 266, ' Inij. p.m. 31 Hen. VI. No. 43. 


of Sir John Fynes of Hurst-Monceaux.' Besides a moiety of Holywell 
and the vScrope lands in Little Benton, the Fitzhugh inheritance in North- 
umberland comprised some farms in Longhirst, Oldmoor, Morvvick, East 
Chevington and Reveley. Equal shares in the whole eventually came to 
William Parr, marquis of Northampton, and to Gregory Fynes, Lord Dacre 
of the South, as representatives of the Fitzhugh heiresses. Northampton 
was attainted in 1553 for his support of Lady Jane Grey ; his estates were 
confiscated to the Crown and were leased to Thomas Bates of Morpeth, 
queen's surveyor for the county, who in 1568 acquired the other half of 
the Fitzhugh lands in fee simple from Lord Dacre." 

The second moiety of Holywell was, in the thirteenth century, divided 
between three tenants, whose holdings were estimated respectively at one- 
fourth, one-eighth, and one-eighth of the whole manor. The larger holding, 
occupied in 1297 by Simon Bras, was held in 131 1 by Robert de Vesci 
at a rent of five shillings, by homage and fealty, suit to the court of Seaton 
Delaval, and services to Seaton mill, estimated at sixpence yearly.^ An 
extent taken in 1353 mentions an additional service, valued at 4s. gd., 
namely, reaping for one day in autumn with nineteen labourers.'' 

Similar services were performed for the remaining quarter of the town- 
ship, twenty-three labourers being supplied for harvest work in place of 
nineteen. A quarrel between William de Halliwell, the tenant, and 
William de Whitchester, the lord of the manor, led to a re-statement of 
services in a deed dated October 14th, 14 14. The yearly rent was then 
fixed at ten shillings, and the agricultural labour at thirty-nine day-works 
in August, when the labourers were to receive food from the lord of the 
manor. William de Halliwell agreed to grind his corn at Holywell mill, 
giving the sixteenth dish for multure, but was allowed the use of hand- 
mills or querns for grinding barley. Whitchester gave bond to pay four 
marks for all damage committed upon his tenant's property, and William 
de Halliwell, on his part, undertook to stay all suits in Chancery against 
his lord.'^ 

William de Halliwell held, in addition to his property in Holywell, 
certain lands in Tynemouth, Preston, and Chirton, sold by him in 1407- 1408 

'See pedigree of Fitzhugh in Whitaker, Richmondshin', vol. i. p. 124; and Harrison, Yorkshire, 
vol. i. pp. 136-137 ; also vol. v. of this work, pp. 353-355. 

= Feet of Fines, 10 Eliz. Easter and Trinity. ' Inq. p.m. 5 Edw. H. No. 70. 

' Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67. ' Close Rolls, 3 Hen. V. m. 25 d. 

Vol. IX. " 


to Robert Hornsee of North Shields.' He was further seised of several 
houses in Newcastle. By deed dated August 20th, 1424, he and his wife, 
Agnes, conveyed a house in Westgate, subject to a perpetual rent-charge, 
to John Horsley, the progenitor of the later Delavals." His lands in Holy- 
well passed to John Carr of Hetton, whom his widow sued in 1435- 1436 
for a third part of the profits of this estate as dower from her late husband.' 
Carr's descendants still owned property in Holywell in 1560.^ 

Half a mark rent was paid out of Holywell in 1292 to the prior and 
convent of Tynemouth, and at the dissolution that corporation was in receipt 
of eight shillings rent, paid vearly out of a copyhold tenement in the tenure 
of John Wigham.' This farmhold was granted by the Crown, on July 23rd, 
1554, to Thomas Reve and Giles Isham, to hold in free socage.'^ 

The free rents of Holywell, payable to the lord of the manor, formed 
the subject of a dispute between Sir John Delaval of Seaton Delaval and 
Sir Philip Dacre of Morpeth, in the time of Henry. VHI. John Delaval 
of Seaton Delaval died on February 4th, 1497/8, leaving a son, George 
Delaval, and a widow, Anne Delaval, who married, secondly, Thomas 
Hopton of Mirfield in Yorkshire, and thirdly. Sir Philip Dacre. George 
Delaval died under age on March 15th, 1513/4, and was succeeded by his 
younger brother, John Delaval. Anne Delaval had obtained the wardship 
of her two sons, but, upon her third marriage, ' Ser Phylyp Dacker dyd 
not onlv tavke owt of the great chamber at Seton Delavall the letters 
pattenes and other avvdences wherby the wardship was gotten, but also 
sent the same to the Lord Dacker, his brother.'" Thomas, Lord Dacre 

' See vol. viii. of this woik, p. 254, note i. 

- Hec indentuia facta inter Willelnium Haliwell et Agnetem uxorem ejus ex parte una, et Johannem 
Horsley ex altera parte, testatur quod predicti Willelmus et Agnes concesserunt et ad feodi firmani 
dimiserunt Jolianni Horsley predicto, pio bono consilio suo prefatis Willelmo et Agneti et Willelmo 
filio et heredi predictorum Willelmi et Agnetis, etc., unum mesuagium cum gardino adjacente in 
Westgate in villa Novi Castri super Tynam, quod quidem mesuagium quidam Johannes Slyngsby nuper 
tenuit, habendum et tenendum, etc., reddendo inde annuatim prefatis Willelmo Haliwell patri et Agneti 
uxori ejus, heredibus, etc., se,\ solidos et octo denarios, etc. Hiis testibus, Rogero Thornton, tunc 
maiore ville Novi Castri super Tynam, Johanne Jay, tunc vicecomite ejusdem ville, Johanne Wall, 
Roberto Svvynburn, Thoma Chirden, et aliis. Apud villam Novi Castri super Tynam, vicesimo die 
August!, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum secundo. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. In 
1433, Agnes, widow of William Halliwell, sold sixteen messuages and gardens in Newcastle for a 
hundred maiks to John Horsley. Fed of Fines, 12 Hen. VI. No. 3. 

^ Carr, History of the Family oj Carr, vol. ii. p. 15. ' /'"''. vol. iii. p. 16. 

' Gibson, Tynemouth, vol. ii. p. Ixxxv ; vol. i. p. 223. In 1556 the jurors presented that John Wigham 
of Holywell had occupied a selion and two butts of land for the space of twenty years, paying for the 
same, as well as for one small toft, ten pence yearly to the church of Earsdon. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

^ Pat. Rolls, 2 Mary, pt. i. 

''Artyckles wherupon to frame ane awnswer to the byll of complaynt of Wylliam, lord Dacker.' 
Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


of the North, was then lord warden of the marches, and used his inlhience 
with the Privy Council to obtain a fresh grant to himself of the wardship of 
the young John Delaval. This was made to him on June 28th, 15 18.' 

Sir Philip Dacre further made refusal to pay the fee farm rent from 
Holywell of £1 15s. lod. Delaval distrained upon his step-father, 'by 
reasonne wherof greate commotions and unlawfull busines was like to have 
bene had and ensewid.' For the avoidance of such results the two parties 
submitted to the arbitration of Sir William Ogle of Cockle tower, Sir 
Cuthbert Radcliff of Dilston, Christopher Mitford of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
and John Beadnell of Lemington. The arbitrators made examination of 
the complaints, and hearing 'by the confessione of the said Sir Philip that 
the occasion and cause of none-payment and lackes of the said rentes were 
reteined by the said Sir Philip for none other cause but that he had maried 
the moder of the said Sir John, and he thought he myghte be bolde too 
reteigne the said rentes for suche favoure and luf as was betwixt them, and 
withoute any other cause of title,' gave their award on March 7th, 1532/3. 
They ordered that Dacre should deliver to Delaval a lease for twelve years 
of the whole tithe-corn of Dalton, Walbottle and Woolsington, and of the 
half tithe-corn of Dissington, in recompense of arrears ; that Delaval should 
give the said rents in Holywell to Dacre for twelve years in fee, and that, 
on the expiration of that term, Dacre should pay the accustomed rent and 
do his duty to Delaval as head lord of Holywell.' 

The court rolls of Seaton Delaval give ample evidence of the juris- 
diction of that court over Holywell. 

1482- 1483. Pain that they of Holywell should not cast turves on the nionr without licence, as also 
that the neighbours of Holywell should not mow the common pasture where the lord of Seaton's cattle 
were used to be driven to the water. 

1519. Pain for Holywell, that no one keep any beast beyond tlic existing agistment ; penalty for 
every beast, 2od. to the lord ; for a horse, 3s. 4d. ; for a sheep, I2d. 

1521. Death presented of John Carr, seised of land in Holywell, and that John Carr is his son and 
heir, aged twenty-one years. 

1536. It is ordered that all the cattle or animals of Holywell shall feed and pasture together 
according to their kind, namely, all the sheep together, the oxen together, and so with the rest, and all 
kinds of animals according to their kind. 

1546. 'We present at the ayirs of Fitzhewe is desessid and doyth no suit to ye sad lord as custum 
hayth beyn afor-tyme, and payd to ye lord five nowbylls and 2s. 3d. ; and at Thomas Gibson, of ye 
age of thre scor yeres is sessed ye saym.' 

' Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII. vol. ii. p. 1323. 

'" 'An agreement betwixt Sir Philipp Dacre and Sir John Delavale' ; Marquis of Waterford's .MSS. 


1548. The jury present that the Lord Fitzhugh, John Carr, and John Unthanke are to make suit 
and service at the times when they shall be called ; and, for default of suit and service, every time to pay 
to the lord of Seaton eight shillings ; and the tenants of the said Fitzhugh, Carr, and Unthanke to 
pay the said eight shillings in their names. 

1571. 'It is ordered that the tenants of Hollewell shall not take no other sterkes in gest but 
onlye ther owne ; but wher they want sterkes to take ane olde beast for the slercke, upon payne of I2d.' 

1580. The jurors of Holywell present Thomas Mattland for not sufficiently repairing his part of 
the march-dyke, and for not keeping an able and sufficient horse for serving the queen and the lord 
of the manor-court, according to a pain anciently laid down. 

1588. Pain laid down ' that the tenants of the southe side of Hallywell shall beare there part with 
the tennants of the northe side touchinge the reparinge of the gaite at John Reed's hows end, because 
they have none in any other place, sub pena I2d.' 

1592. ' It is ordered that non of th' inhabitants in Halliwcll nor elsewhere within the lordship shall 
hunt in the lord's demayne or bringe any greyhound within the same without license, sub pena 6s. 8d.' 

Provision was made for watch and ward. The prior's banks, a locality 
probably to be found near the village of Holywell, where the main road 
crosses the Seaton burn, were watched nightly by two of the inhabitants 
of Seaton Delaval, Newsham and Holywell.' The tenants were obliged, 
by order of the lord of the manor, to keep horse and armour and be in 
readiness to serve their sovereign in the field ; but how inadequate was the 
sanction provided in the petty fines of the manorial court is shown by the 
following instructive entry upon the Seaton Delaval rolls. 

1582. Memorandum that yt was inquired by the stewerd of this court this vij of Mali, anno Eliz. 
regine xxiiij, of Mathew Ladley and Thomas Matland of Hallywell whether x' were to grevouse 
atnercyament to paie for defalt of not keping ane able horse and furnyture, etc. ; but they wold mak no 
aunswere thereto, but onelie that yt was lawfuU for the lord of the manor of Seaton D[elaval] to make 
the amerciament at his pleasure. And the lyke question being demaunded of John Hall ane freholder 
there in Hallywell, and of John Read ane inhabitant there and tenant, and th'eires of one James Balye 
also a freholder there, they aunswered that yf they wold be excused at the lord's hand of the said 
mannor for the payment of x' amercyament for there defalt in not keping able horse and furnytur, etc., 
they wold not be at charges with the keping of a good horse for her majesty's service, but had rather 
paie the x" then kepe able horse. 

An opportunity for the employment of this local militia was given 
in 1570 by the rebellion of the northern earls. Thomas Bates, the principal 
landowner in Holywell, was among the rebels, acting as intermediary 
between the earl of Northumberland and Leonard Dacre, and putting his 
services as an interpreter at the earl's disposal in interviews with the Spanish 
ambassador.' In February, 1570, when the rising was over, Bates was 
arrested^ and brought to London, where he was examined, and on March 
14th made the following confession :* 

' Nicolson, Leges Marcliiarum, p. 291. - Hiitfivlii MSS. Hist. MSS. Com. vol. i. pp. 460, 468. 

^ Cal. State Papers, Domestic, Addenda, 1566-1579, p. 221. 
' State Papers, Domestic, Eliz. vol. Ixvii. No. 21 a. 


To the first article he saieth that he sent 110 niony to the earle of Northumberland nor to the 
countese, his wif, scnce the tyme of the rebelhon, but saieth that at the tyme the carle laic at IScamyche 
about tenne dales afore the rebellion, he lyingc their was commaunded to cause such mony as was dewe 
for his Whitsondaie rentes to be sent him, which this saied Battes did, and willed by commaundement 
about the some of fower skore and tenne poundes to be sent him, which was sent as he thincketh. 

To the second he saieth that he gave commaundement to George Medcalf, the carle's receiver, 
eyther to sc the same mony delyvered or sent unto him. 

To the rest of the said articles, he doeth vttcrlie deny that he was not previe to the scndingc of any 
mony by any means otlier then abovcsaid, savinge that he saieth the commaundement given to him 
was openlic given before the carle's auditor, whose name is Roberte Heighington. And more he cane 
not sale. 

Though arraigned at Westminster of high treason on April 6th,' the 
evidence against him did not apparently justify further proceedings. He 
was remanded to the Tower, where he remained for over three years. 
On June 28th, 1573, orders were given to the lieutenant of the Tower to 
deliver Bates upon bond of good behaviour, and that he should appear 
before the Privy Council on October yth,'' and on January 20th following 
he received a royal pardon.^ A survey of rebels' estates, taken in 1570 
by Hall and Homberstone, the queen's commissioners, give the following 
particulars in regard to Thomas Bates's land in Holywell. 

Hali.ywell, 1570. 

L s. d. 

By lease dated October 13th, 1568, for 31 years ... 268 

„ „ April loth, 1564, for 17 years ... 200 

Held at the lord's will 268 

Os^vald Percson 

I tenement 

Matthew Ladley 

* 11 

Thomas Matley 

* 11 

Edward Taylor 

I )5 

John Wiggon 

I 11 

6 8 
o o 

All the tenants of the township hold amongst them a parcel of meadow for hay for their 
animals, held at the lord's will 

10 3 4 
Charges upon the estate, £2 iSs. Sd. rent to the queen for lands late of Lord Parr, now in the tenure 
of Ladley, Matley, and Taylor, and £2 2s. Sd. rent to John Ualam [i.e. Delavalj.' 

' Cal. State Papers, Domestic, 1547-15S0, p. 368. 

' Acts and Ordinances of the Privy Council, 1571-1575, p. 120. 

■' Pat. Rolls, 16 Eliz. pt. 4. See also Sir Cuthbert Sharpe's account of Thomas Bales in Memurials of 
the Rebellion, 1 569, pp. 360-363. 

' Thomas Bates also held at this time (i) five tenements held by lease, two tenements held at the 
lord's will, and a windmill in Milburne, of the yearly rent of £9 8s. ; (2) half of the manor of Little 
Benton, leased to John Swinburne for £2 13s. 4d. yearly ; (3) three tenements and half a husbandland m 
Longhirst, held at the lord's will for £1 6s. 8d. yearly ; (4) one freehold tenement held by Lord Ogle, 
and two tenements and three husbandlands held at the lord's will, in Oldmoor, at a yearly rent of 
^l 2s. 2id. ; (5) three tenements and two cottages in East Chevington held at the lords will at £2 5s. 
yearly; (6) two tenements and one cottage in Morwick, held at the lord's will for £1 13s. 4d. yearly; and 
(7) a capital tenement in Morpeth, held by Thomas Bates in his own hands and worth to be let at 
^1 13s. 4d. Exchequer K. R. Misc. Books, vol. 38, pp. 257-259. The Seaton Uelaval court rolls show that 
there was at this time a sixth husbandrv holding in Holywell, occupied by William Bayhftc and after- 
wards by John Reed, which was allowed to fall vacant in 1589, and that the remaining five holdings 
were abolished between the years 1595 and 1599. In the Earsdon church books Holywell was rated at 
6J farms. 




Arms : SabU, a /ess gn^raiUd betiaeen three dexter hands couped at the wrist bendways 
argent. Dugdale's Visitation of Northumberland^ 1666. 

William Bates of Bedlington (/<), collector = [daughter and heiress of 

of the bishop of Durham in Bedhngtonshire John de IS'edirton of East Sleek- 

circa 1394 (jr). burn] (Jt). 

Wilham Bates of Bedlington, born rirca 1401 ; who, before 
24th July, 1449, built :i house, without licence, on the Bishop's 
waste within the vill of Bedlington ; was 60 years of age, 14th 
October, 1461, when he was found to be kinsman and heir of 
John Vaux of Choppington, who died 22nd April, 1461, 
'videlicet filius Willelmi Baites, filii Johannis Nedirton fratris 
Willelmi Nedirton patris Richardi de Chopyngton patris 
Johannis \'aux jiatris Johannis \^iux defimcli ; ' died tjtca 
1495 ; Jnq. p.m. taken 28th July, 1495 (Durham Records, 
Inq. p.m. portfolio 166, No. 49; ilnd. Inq. p.m. portfolio i6g, 
No. 27) (/<). 

Agnes de Furth, 
married before 
gth February, 
1420/1, when 
her mother, 
Margaret de 
Furth of North 
Seton, granted 
her a burgage 
in Newbig- 
ging (?)• 


James Bates of Bedlington, son and heir (;c), born = Cecily, mar- 

i/'ra 1435 ; had livery of tenements in Bedlington ; ried before 

and Newbigging, 20th July, 1463 (x) ; was 60 : 20th July, 

years of age at the taking of his father's inqui- \ 1463 (x). 

sition (Ji) ; had encroached on the bishop's lands '• 

at Kirkley, 1495 {b). \ 

George Bates, in 1476 bailiff and collector of 

Bedhngtonshire (s). 
John Bates, who, in i486, had lands at Norton, 

CO. Durham {s). 
William Bates, had lands in Bedlington ; died 

circa 1507 {f). 

Thomas Bates (r) of Ovington chantry land, etc., in = Jane, daughter of Robert Cresswell and heiress of Jane, his wife, 

1526, of Ovington-hall, 1525-1537 (*) ; died circa 


who was daughter and coheiress of Edward Conyers of Kirk- 
leatham, co. York (r) (.v). 

Thomas Bates (/;) of Bedlington, son and heir of Thomas Bates = 
of Ovington-hall (.t), born circa 1525 ; purchased Milburn in 
1552, and Halliwell in 1568; M.P. for Morpeth, 1554-1558; 
distinguished himself in battle against the Scots on 13th 
October, 1557, for which he received from Queen Mary a 
letter of thanks dated 27th November, 1557; supervisor of 
the Crown lands in Northumberland in 1561 ; chief steward 
of the barony of Alnwick, 1567 ; imprisoned in the Tower of 
London, 1570-1573; settled his estates by deed, 1st Novem- 
ber, 1584 (/) ; died s.p. at Prudhoe castle, 31st August, 1587. 

Isabel , dead 

before 29th May, 

William Bates, slain at = Margery 

the siege of Leith in 
1560 (;•). 



Eleanor, daughter and heir, married William Fen- 
wick of Blagdon, parish of Stannington (r), 
who, from his wife's uncle, Thomas Bates, 
obtained a lease of the rectory of Whalton, 
17th June, 15S7 (;). 

Robert Bates of North Seaton (Ji), succeeded to Milburn and Halliwell under the deed of — , 
entail made 1st November, 1584; died at North Seaton (f), 17th October, 1592; 
Inq. p.m. taken at Morpeth, 26th April, 1593 (f). 

Anthony Bates, drowned 
in the Wansbeck in 

1560 (O- 

Cuthbert Bates (//) of Halli- 
well. was 26 years of age at 
the time of his father's death 
(/) ; died 2nd February 
(k). buried 4th February, 
1602/3 («) ; will dated 23rd 
January, 1601/2 (c) ; Inq. 
p.m. taken at Morpeth, nth 
September, 1605 (;<). 

= Elizabeth, daughter of John Ogle 
^ of Bebside (/;) ; married, 

I I 


\T ) ui ucusiue yn } \ mairieu, 
secondly, August iSth, 1608 (r/), 
Thomas Smelt of Gray's Inn 
(jj) ; had three farmholds in 
Milburn assigned her for dowry, 
20th September, 1618 (.r) ; liv- 
■"" at Newcastle, loth March, 


1639/40 iv) 

Thomas Bates of Gloucester-hall, Oxon. ; matricu- 
lated 4th March, 1585/6 (.?) ; [stated to have 
married Margaret, widow of Robert Spearman 
of Preston, and daughter of Thomas Brown of 
Tynemouth] ; succeeded to lands in South 
Milburn and Bedlington under deed of entail 
made 18th October, 1588 (f) ; died s.p. 

George Bates (/). 



Thomas Bates of Halliwell (/j), stated 
to have been aged 10 years and 10 
days, 2nd February, 1602/3, the day 
of his father's death (h) ; Innied 7th 
December, 1638 (a) ; administration 
of his personal estate, 22nd January, 
'638/9, to his widow Dorothy ; Ing. 
p.m. taken at Newcastle, loth 
March, 1639/40 («/). 

Dorothy, dau. 
of Mark Er- 
rintjlon of 
P o n t e 1 a n il 
{/;) ; buried 
1 8th P"ebru- 
ary, 1663/4, 
in Earsdon 
quire (a). 

John Bates, buried nth 
August, 1599 (a). 

Ciithbert Bates, captain 
in a foot regiment 
under the marquis 
of Newcastle ; died 
unmarried at the 
siege of York, 1644 

I I I 
Isabella (c), married Martin Penwick 

of the family of Fenwick of Brinck- 

ley (/S). 
Dorothy (c), married 14th Dec, 1610. 

Adam Middleton ( y) of the family 

of Middleton of Silksworth (//). 
Catherine (c), married George Bind- 

loss of Newcastle (/;). 
Margaret, died in her father's lifetime (c). 

Ralph Bates of Halliwell,* bap- 
tised 2gth August. 1613 (fl) 
(/) ; in 1663 rated for Hal- 
liwell, Milburn and West 
Hartford ; entered his pedi- 
gree at the Herald's Visita- 
tion, 25th August, 1666, being 
then 53 ye:irs of age (/;) ; 
buried in Earsdon chancel, 
nth March, 1690/1 («). 

Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Thomas 
Chaytor of 
Butterby, co. 
Durham (/;) ; 
buried in Ears- 
don chancel, 
24lh February, 
1685/6 CO- 

I i I 

Thomas Bates of New- 
castle (//), bajHised 3rd 
November, 1616 («). 

John, buried 22nd Janu- 
ary, 1638 (a). 

Zorobabel, baptised I2th 
September, 1626 (a) ; 
buried 13th December, 
1638 (a). 

M I I I I 
Margaret, married William Watson of 

Bedlington (^). 
Isabel, baptised i6th July, 1615 (a). 
Mary, baptised 27th December, 1620 

(a) ; buried 14th March, 1 630/ 1 (a). 
Barbara, baptised 30th December, 

1622 (a) ; buried 6th September, 

1623 (a). 

Isabel (//), bapt. 28th October, 1627 (a). 
Catherine (K), bapt. 17th May, 1629 (a). 

Thomas, bapt. Margaret, daughter of Robert Bewick 

5th January, of Close-house; bond of marriage, 

1643/4 (a) ; i6th May, 1677 ; married at Heddon- 

buried 27th on - the- VVall, 29th May, 1677 (/) ; 

May, 1644 buried in St. Nicholas's, Newcastle, 

(a). 14th January, 1680/1 (a). 

Ralph Bates (/;) of Halliwell,* bap- 
tised l6th February, 1646/7 (a) ; 
was drowned in the river Tyne, 
22nd July, 1695 (7O, and was 
buried in St. John's on the fol- 
lowing day (rf). 

Thomas Bates of Halliwell, born 15th. 
baptised 23rd May, 1678 (a) (/) ; 
died 19th June, 1734; buried under 
the Communion Table at St. Mar- 
garet's, Westminster (/") ; will dated 
19th June, 1731- 

^ Elizabeth,daughter of George 
Whinfield of Newcastle, 
married i8lh November, 
1703 ((■/) ; she married, 
secondly, 4lh August. 1740, 
Richard Lloyd ()) (/). 

Ralph Bates, born 4th, 
bapt. l8th March, 
1678/9 (a) (/); 
buried in Earsdon 
church, ^Ist M.ay, 
1683 (a) (/). 

Ann, widow of John 
Hedworth of Har- 
raton, and dau. 
of William James 
of Washington, co. 
Durham, married 
at Chester-le-Street 
she remarried, circa 
1707, John Shafto 
of Little Baving- 
ton ; settlement 
made before her 3rd 
marriage, 28th Oc- 
tober, 1707. 

Mark Bates, bapt. = 
at Tynemouth 5th 
May, 1653 ; was 
13 years of age in 
1666 (Ji) ; died at 
Halliwell ; buried 
in Earsdon chan- 
cel, 23rd August, 
1708 (a). 

; Eleanor 
Pye of 

Andrew Bates <Ji), born St. ^ .^nne, dau. 
Andrew's Day, baptised 14th { of Matthew 

December, l6;5 (a) ; educated ; Whitfield of 

at Bury St. Edmunds and at j Whitfield, 

St. John's College, Cambridge; ! married 1 8th 

matriculated 23rd May, 1674; November, 

rector of Whalton and lecturer 1689 (</). 
of St. John's, Newcastle; buried 
31st May, 1710 {d). 

I I I I I 
Mary (/), baptised 14th November, 

1641 (a). 
Barbara, baptised 5th Feb., 1642/3 

(a) ; buried 24th April, 1644 (a). 
Hieronima (/;), baptised 8th Ma)-, 

1649 (a) ; named after her maternal 

aunt, Hieronima Chavtor. 
Jane (/;). 
Anne (//), baptised 8th Jan., 1654 '5 (a). 


William, baptised 1st November, 1692 (a'). 

Utrick, baptised 14th June, 1698 (d) ; apprenticed 1st June, 1714, to 

Chaloner Cowper of Newcastle, mercer ; died at Hexham, 14th 

September, 1766 (»;). 
Thomas, baptised 1 0th January, 1704/5 (</). 
Henry, baptised loth May, 1710 (rf). 

M M I 

Margaret, baptised 2nd November, i6go {d). 
Anne, baptised 24th November, 1691 (</). 
Hannah, baptised 6th December, 1 693 -((/). 
Elizabeth, baptised 13th June, 1695 (rf). 
Mary, baptised gth March, 1696 7 {d"). 
Isabel, baptised 29th December, 1702 (rf). 

William Bates, Mary, dau. = Ralph Bates of Newbottle,*: 

born at Har- of John co. Durham, born 8th, 

raton, bap- Bacon of baptised 29th January, 

tisedatChes- Staward, 1688/9 (/); succeeded to 

ter-le-Street, married the Halliwell and Mil- 

22nd July, 6th May, burn estates on the death 

l684(/)(a); 17r4(/); of his half-brother in 

died unmar- bur. 8th '734 ! died in London, 

ried, 27th March,' 23rd November, 1754; 

July, 1705 1 722/3 (^) buried at St. Dunstan-in- 

(/). (/). the- West (/) ; will dated 

7th August, 1754 («/). 

Isabella, daughter of Richard 
Bates of Newcastle ; bond of 
marriage, 15th May, 1725; 
married 20th May, 1725 (</) ; 
died 6th July, 1774 (J) (0), 
aged 78 ; will dated 14th 
February, 1766 ; proved at 
Durham, 19th September, 
1774, and at the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, 26th 
August of same year (to). 

I i 

Margaret, born nth, bap- 
tis'ed 29lh March, 1686 
(y^ ; married William 
Potter (J). 

Anne, born 20th March, 
baptised Sth April, 1690 
(/) ; married Chris- 
topher Teasdale of 
died September, 1769 



I M U 

Ann, born 2ist October, 171 5 (J) (/) ; married Charles Stoddart, vicar of Chollerton, and died 1787. 

Isabella, born i6th July, 1717 (c) (/) ; married at Horton, 7th January, 1742/3, William Watson of Newcastle (j), 

and died 29th August, 1780 {/). 
Margaret, born 7ih January, 1718/9 (c) (/) ; married at Chollerton, 7th January, 1740/1, Culhbert Watson of Cowpen (/). 
Mary, born 24th September, 1 720 (<•) (/) ; buried 23rd October, 1720 (<•) (/). 
Dorothy, born 26th October, 1721 (/) ; died same day (/). 

Jane, dau. 
of James 
Mitford of 
mar. loth 

July, 1759 
(./) ("); 

died 6th 
May, 1760 
(/) ; bur. 
at St. Nic- 

Ralph Bates of Halliwell,* born 
14th May, 1730 (/) ; of 
University College, O.xon. ; 
matriculated October, 1748, 
aged 18 (^) ; admitted to 
Lincoln's Inn, 19th Novem- 
ber, 1747 ; high sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1 762 ; will 
dated 7th November, 1775 
(7(') ; died 2nd August, 1783 
(/) (if), aged 53 ; buried at 
St. Andrew's, Newcastle. 

Isabella Jane, only child of the marriage, born 
23rd April, baptised 25th May, 1760 (/) (w) ; 
married I4lh Sept., 17S6, Henry Ingilby of 
Ripley, co. Yorks, clerk in orders (/). 

I I I I I I I 

Anne, daugh- Thomas Bates, D.D., rector of Whalton, born 3rd 

ter o' Henry December, 1735 (') (/)• i' 

Ellison of Mary, born 17th April, 1726 (_/) ; married 6th June, 

Park house, '754i Henry Wilson of Newbottle (,/). 

Gateshead, Esther, bom 19th April, 1727 (/) ; married 20th Sep- 

married at tember, 1761, Richard Wharton of Hartford (/). 

Gateshead, Elizabeth, born 13th January, 1728/9 (7); died unmar- 

Ist June, ried, 25th December, 1747 {/). 

1762 (/) ; Dorothy, born 15th May, 1731 if); married first, 6th 

died at Clif- November, 1755, William Clayton of Newcastle {r) 

ton, near C/)i "^^d secondly, 30th March, 1769, James Brack 

Bristol, 1st (/) of Washington ; she died 13th October, 1778 

Oct., 1837 (/). 

(/)agedg4; Jane, born 6th June, 1732 (/j ; died 8th September, 

will dated 1738 (/). 

26th June, Deborah, born 17th July, 1733 (f)\ buried at St. 

1830 (i»). Oswald's, Durham, ist March, 1745/6 (/). 

Ralph Bates of Halli- ■. 
well,* born at Gates- 
head, 22nd October, 
baptised 1 2th Dec, 
1764 (/)(o) ; lieut.- 
col. 6th Enniskilling 
Dragoons ; built 
Milburn-hall in 
1809; high sheriff 
of Northumberland, 

1812 ; will dated 
23rd Feb., 181 1 
(«)) ; died 5th June, 

1813 (/) (/) ; bur. 
at St. Andrew s, 

! I I I I 

Sarah,* dau. Thomas, born 7th December, 1765 (/) (0); 
of Nathaniel died i8th March, 1770 (/). 

Ellison, vicar Henry, born 4th November, 1766 {/) ; 
of Bo lam, buried 23rd December, 1774 (/). 

married at Richard Bates, R.N., born l8th May, 1768 
St. Andrew's, (/) ; killed on board H.M.S. ' Argo,' 

Newcastle, 17th February, 1783, in the West Indies 

4th Decem- (/). 

ber, 1798 Robert Bates, born 22nd October, 1770 (/) ; 

(/) (") I of Lincoln College, 0.\on. ; matriculated 

died 8th May loth October, 1788, aged 17 ; B..'\., 1793 ; 

1852, aged M. A., 1796; B.D., 1803 (^f ) ; rector of 

72 (/). Whalton, 1795-1812 ; died unmarried, 

l6th September, 1814 (/). 

Cuthbert Bates of Newcastle, born 19th June, 

1773 (/) ; died 28th June, 1837 (/). 

I I I I 

Hannah, born 8th June, baptised 
6th July, 1763 (/) (o)\ mar- 
ried 15th May, 17S6, John 
Hunter of Lisburn. Ireland (/"). 

Anne, born 2nd June, 1769 
(/) ; baptised nth March, 
1770 (0); died 4th August, 

1778 (/)■ 

Elizabeth, bom loth January, 
1772 (/) ; died 31st January, 
1798 (/). 

Mary Anne, born gth February, 
1776 (/) ; married at St. 
Andrew's, Newcastle, 29th Jan., 
1795, John Fawcett of Newton- 
hall, clerk in orders (/). 

Ralph Bates of Mil- 
burn and Halli- 
well,* born 13th 
December, 1799; 
of Baliol College, 
O.xon. ; matricu- 
lated 20th June, 
1817, aged 17 Cf); 
will dated Ist 
June, 1847 (w); 
died unmarried 6th 
June, 1853 (/). 

Nathaniel Bates of Mil- 
burn and Halliwell,* 
born at Leminglon ; 
baptised at Edling- 
ham, 23rd July, 1805 ; 
of Christ Church, 
Oxon. ; matriculated 
4th June, 1824, aged 
18 ; died unmarried, 
6th June, 1869 (_«■) ; 
will dated 1st Decem- 
ber, 1868 (w). 

Robert Bates, 
born at 
loth Sept., 
1807 ; bur. 
at Edling- 
ham on the 

I I I I 

Portrait at Milbu 

Jane Anne Bates of Milburn and Halliwell,* sister and co- 
heir, born 27th March, 1804 ; died 15th July, 1868 (/>) ; 
will dated 25th May, 1S57 (m)- 
Sarah Bates,* sister and co-heir, born 5th Februar)', 1803 ; 

died unmarried gth April, 1878. 
Georgiana, sister and coheir, born i6th October, baptised 
2 Ist Nov., 1809 (0) ; married at Ponteland, 8th March, 
1843, John Elphinstone Elliot, rector of Whalton, who by 
royal licence assumed the additional name of Bates. 
a quo Mortimer of Milburn and Halliwell, and 
Walker of Whalton rectory, 

(fl) Earsdon Register. 

\li) 44//; Report of Dep. Keep. Puh. 

Rec. pp. 318, 325, 326, 524. 
if) Raine, Test. Dunelni. 
Id) St Johns Register^ Newcastle. 
(<•) Houghton-le-Spring Register. 
{^/) Family Bibles in the possession 

of Mr. Ralph Mortimer of 

ig) Alumni Oxonienses, Foster. 
(/;) Dugdale's Visitation of North- 

nnlheriand in 1 666. 

(/) Chancery Bills and Answers, Eliza- 
beth, Ff., bundle 7, No. 8 (vol. i. 
P- 307). 

(j) Gentleman's Magazine, 1740, p. 412. 

{k) n,id. 1783, p. 715. 

(/ ) Cf. Register of Charterhouse Chapel. 

('«) Newcastle Courant, 20th September, 

io) St. .-indreivs Register, Newcastle. 

(;>) Monumental Inscriptions, Ponteland. 

(y) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. Ford 

(r) Dodsworth MS. 61, fol. 51. 

is) Cf The Bates of Northumberland, by 
Mr. H. R. Leighton, Sunderland, 1905. 

(/) Inq. p.m. 35 KHz. vol. 236, No. 93. 

ill) Inq.p.m. 3 James I. vol. 289, No. 93. 

iv) Inq. p.m. 17 Chas. I. pt. 2, vol. 496, 
No. 116. 

(to) Deeds in custody of Messrs. Lead- 
bitter and Harvey. 

ix) Milburn-hall deeds in Rev. John 
Hodgson's Collection, vol. z. 

if) A II Saints' Register, Ne^iicastle, 




Thomas Bates, rector of Whalton, second son of Ralph Bates of Newbottle, horn 3rd 
December, 1735; baptised at Houghton-le-Spring, 1st January, 1735/6; of Lincoln 
College, Oxon. ; matriculated i6th October, 1752; B.A., 1756; M.A., 1759; B.D. 
and D.D., 1775 ; inducted to the rectory of Whalton, igth August, 1760 ; died 25th (*■), 
buried 27th August, 1794 (/<) ; will dated 20th September, i7yo ; proved at the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury, 23rd Februarj", 1795 (rf). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Clutterbuck of Warkworth, 
married there, 27th February, 
1770 (a), and was buried at 
the same place, 6th February, 
1806 (a). 

Thomas Bates, lieut.-col. = Selina Mari;i 

2 1st Light Dragoons, 
born 2gth October, bap- 
tised 30th November, 
I773(''') ; died at Porto- 
bello, near Edinburgh, 
3rd December, 1842. 

daughter of Sir 
Robert Waller 
of Lisburn, Ire- 
land, bart., mar. 
2nd Sept., 1801 ; 
bur.atSt. Mary's 

Ralph Bates, major 98th foot, born 
13th June, baptised 17th July, 
1777 ((^) ; died unmarrieil, 28lh 
May, 1812 ; will dated 2nd Sep- 
tember, i8ll ; proved at the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
gth June, 1812 (_(/). 

I I 

Richard, baptised 14th August, 1778, 
buried the following day (^). 

Richard Bates, born loth October, 
baptised nth November, 1779 
(/;) ; captain and paymaster, 
65th regiment ; died 22nd Octo- 
ber, 1833 («). 

John James Bates, born 25th Jan., 
1781 ; lieut. H.M.S. ' Amelia,' 
killed off the east coast of Africa, 
February, 1813 (/) ; will dated 
6th February, 1813 ; proved at 
the Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury, 3rd May, 1 8 13 ((/). 

George Bates, baptised at St. 
Andrew's, Newcastle, nth Feb- 
ruary, 1785 ; died same month. 

I I I I I 
Isabella, born gth November, baptised nth December, 1770 (i5) ; married at Morpeth, 

28th June, 1796, Charles Errington of Mount Greenwich, near Gateshead (of the 

family of F^rrington of Chesters) ; died at Geneva, April, 1826. 
Margaret, born 22nd August, baptised 2ist Sept.. 1772 (/() ; buried 17th Oct., 1787 (/). 
Elizabeth, born 13th December, 1774; baptised 13th January, 1775 (a); buried 14th 

February, 1775 («). 
Mary Anne, born 27th March, baptised 2gth April, 1776 (i5) ; married at Morpeth, 20th 

April, 1797, George Bruce, surgeon, Berwickshire Fencibles ; she died at Whickham, 

7th July, 185 1. 
Eliza Maria, born l6th April, 1782 ; married 15th October, 1804, Henry Heddington («). 

Thomas Bates of 
Ramsey, Isle of 
Man, born in 

Sept. If 
died at 
buried at Le- 
zayre. Isle of 
Man (c). 

23 rd 

02 (c) ; 


2 2 nd 


Anne, only child of 
John Wilson of 
Cross-lane, Bangor, 
CO. Denbigh, mar- 
ried at Bathwick, 
Somerset, 2nd 
August, 1825 (c) ; 
died at Box, Wilts, 
October, 1855 ; bur. 
at Cockshutt, near 
Oswestry (c). 

Waller Bates, = 
captain 6th 
born 2 1 St 
April, 1808 
(r) ; died 
in Australia 
in 1861 (r), 

- Eliza Catherine, born 1805 (c) : nuirried Richard Biddulph 
Meade of Canada, and died 1S76 (c). 

of Kin- Selina, born 1806 (c) ; died 1861 (c). 
sale, CO. Isabella Anne, born 1810 (c) ; married at Felton, 8th 
Cork August, 1833, Samuel Walker Parker of Whickham. 

(c). Eliza," born 1S12 (c) ; died 1S93 (c). 

Harriet, born 1813 (c) ; died i88g (c). 
Amelia, born 181 5 (c) ; married first, at Cheltenham, 
22nd September, 1835, Lesley Alexander, and 
secondly, Count d'Oberndorf, and died 1 881 (<:). 
Septima, born 1816 (c) ; died l8gi (c). 


Charles Edward Bates, a general 
in the Indian army, born at Cam- 
bridge, 1 2th December, 1827 (c) ; 
served in the Indian Mutiny and 
died at \^evey, in Switzerland, 
17th May, 1902 (c). 

Harriet Lynch, daugh- 
ter of Richard W. 
Stoneheure ; mar- 
ried at Ootaca- 
mund, in India, 
26th October, 1852 

Richard Waller Bates, = Rebecca, daughter of John 
born at Stogumber, 
CO. Somerset, 3rd 
June, 1 83 1 (<:) ; died 
at Castlemaine, Atis- 
tralia, 23rd September, 
1865 (c). 

W. Care}-, captain 88th 
Connaught Rangers, mar- 
ried at Castlemaine, April, 
1S60 (c) ; died in London, 
24th February, i8gi (<:)• 

William Henry Bates of ^ 
Egremont, Cheshire, born 
at Trull, Somerset, 6th I 
April, 1833. ^ 

Emma, daughter of Charles 
Gavaron of London, married 
at the English Embassy, Paris, 
7lh July, "i860 (c). 

Selina Anne, born at St. Omer, in France, 27th July, 

1826 (<:). 
Mary Alicia, born at Teignmouth, Devon, 15th January, 

1829 (c) ; died in Liverpool, 22nd May, 1873 (<:)■ 

Vol. IX. 



Charles Cuthbert Biiles, 
born :it Ramsey, Isle 
of Man, 2ist Octo- 
ber, 1853 (c) ; died 
unmarried at Pe- 
nang, 1st April, 1873 


Thomas Waller Bates, 
born at Ramsey, 1 3lh 
Jan., 1855 (c) ; living 
unmarried, 1905 (c). 

Henry Lesley 
Bales of Ala- 
meda, San 
born at Cud- 
dalore, in 
India, 20th 
October, 1 860 

; Rebecca Richard Edward Jocelyn 
Helen, Bates, born at Tranque- 
daughler bar, India, 2Ist January, 
of John 1862 (c) ; living in South 
Rixon of Africa, 1905. 
Billings, William Norman Ralph 
Montana, Bates, a lieutenant in the 
mar. 3rd Indianarmy, bornatTran- 
Sept. 1885 i|uel)ar, India, ;th Pcb., 
(c). 1863 (.c) ; died at sea, 2 1st 
Feb., 1895 (c), unmarried. 

I I I I I 
Gertrude Anne Isabel, born at \ evey, 

Switzerland, 3rd Sept., 1864 ; mar. at 

Bray, Berks, 17th -May, lyoo, A. H. 

Winterson of Clifton, near Bristol (c). 
Edith Mary.bornanddiedat Vevey 1865. 
Edith Selina, born at Vevey, 1865 ; 

died at the same place in the same 

year (c). 
Ethel Mary, born at Vevey, gth April, 

1870 (c). 
Ediih Mary, born and died at \'evey 

in 1871 (c). 

Norman Cuthbert, born at Billings, Montana, U.S.A., gth October, 

1887 (c). 

Lesley Rixon, born at Billings, 26th July, 1889 (c). 

Richard Waller, born at San Francisco, i6th January, 1892 (c). 


Charles Edward Harold, born at Alameda, San 

Francisco, 13th .August, 1894 (c\ 
Henry Jocelyn, born at Alameda, 17th October, 

1896 (o. 

{li) Wluilloti Rtghter. 

Xf) Ex inf. Captain W. 11. Bates. 

(rf) Wills and other documents in the possession of Captain W. H. 
(/) Gfntkmans Magazine, 1794, P- '^^4- 
(/) NewcaslU Chronicl,\ 3ril April, 18 1 3. 



* Bates of Newcastle, second son of Thomas Bates of Halliwell, bap- = Margaret Wilkinson of the city of Durham, 
tised 3rd November, 1616 (a) ; was residing at Newcastle in 1666 (^). | will dated 23rd November, 1676. 

„ I I 

Peter Bates of New- 
castle, barber sur- 
geon and apothe- 
cary, 4th June, 
16S3, presented the 
Barber Surgeons' 
Company with a 
copy of ' Bartholi- 
nus his Anotamy ' 
(c) ; buried Illh 
December, 1685 

Elizabeth Dough- = 
ty of St. Cle- 
ment Danes, 
marriage alle- 
gation, 24th 
August, 1686, 
she 23 and he 
35 ('^0 i buried 
4th September, 
1694 (/;) ; se- 
cond wife. 

Richard Bates of New- = 
castle, apothecary, pur- 
chased his admission 
to the Merchants' Com- 
pany, 13th Aug., 1672, 
for £100 (rf) ; will 
dated Stn March, 1 7 19; 
proved 1723 ; his first 
wife, Jane, by whom he 
had no issue, was buried 
at St. Nicholas's, 14th 
October, 1683. 

Margaret [dau. of 
Michael] Clark, 
married 19th 
December, 1694 
(/) ; third wife. 

Peter, baptised 1st Septem- 
ber, 1694 ill) ; buried 19th 
December, 1695 (^')' 

Margaret, baptised 23rd 
March, 1689 (/;) ; mar- 
ried 2nd February, 1724, 
Lawrence Farringdon, 
rector of Sherburne, Dor- 
set (/O. 

I I I 

Isabella, born 7th December, 1695 (Ji) ; 
married, 20th M.ij', 1725 {h), her kins- 
man, Ralph Bates of Nevvbotlle. 

Esther (^), married, 2oih June, 1726, 
Cuthbert Fenwick of Newcastle. 

[Mary (^), married 29th Sept., 1719, 
John Ellison (li), vicar of Bedling- 
ton (,}).] 

Other issue. 

Jedediah Bates of = 
Newcastle, surgeon 
(it), living nth No- 
vember, 1693 ; will 
proved 1700. 

of Thomas 
Hutton of 
Marsk, co. 
York, clerk 


I I I I 

Ammi, baptised 28th September, 1654 (/;) ; buried 

1st October, 1655 (/;). 
John, buried 23rd Februarys 1663,4) 
Hephzibah, buried jth October, 1655 
Susannah, buried 28lh June, 1657 iji). 

I I 

Thomas Bates, son of Jedediah Bates, a free brother 
of the Company of Barber Surgeons, was enrolled 
apprentice to his father, 5th October, 1692 (c)\ 
stated to have settled at Alton, Hants, to have 
been married thrice, and to have left issue (f). 

Ralph Bates, son of Jedediah Bates, a free 
brother of the Company of Barber Surgeons, 
Newcastle, was enrolled apprentice to his father, 
5th October, 1692 (c). 

* This pedigree of a little known branch of the family, although as full as the material will admit, is by no means complete. 

(a) Earsdon Register. 

(i4) St. John's Register, Newcastle. 

(/) Newcastle Barber Surgeons' Book. 

((/) I^endy, Newcastle Merchant Adventurers.^ vol. ii. 

(^) Pedigree in Bell Collection. 

(jO Tynemouth Register. 

(?) Dugdale's Visitation of Northumberland, 1666. 

(/;) All Saints' Register, Newcastle. 

(?) Cf. .Arch. A el. 2nd series, vol. v. p. II. 

(X-) Harl. Soc. vol. xxx. p. 242. 


Thomas Bates died on August 31st, 1587, having, by indenture dated 
November ist, 1584, settled his property in Holywell and other places upon 
his brother, Robert Bates of North Seaton. Cuthbert Bates, who succeeded 
his father, Robert Bates, was on more than one occasion at variance with 
his neighbours of Seaton Uelaval. Attendance at the manorial court proved 
irksome. The tenants of Holywell were in 1587 amerced 'for defalt of 
answare and for wythdrawing of the custom,' ' and soon they completely 
abjured the court and its authority. Robert Delaval observed in a letter 
to Lord Hunsdon : 

Theire is a towne called Halliwell neye adjoyninge to my house, whiche alwayes heretofore hailhe 
answered to my courte at Seaton Delavale, and ever did sute and service to my house, till none of late 
that on Cuthbert Baytes did marye the sister of Peter and Josua Uelavale, since which tyme lie haithe 
and dothe denye bothe answeringe to my courte and doeinge me any suite or service, whiche is only by 
theire procurements, besides divers other injuryes offered unto me by the saide Baites, and all throughe 
the countenaunce of theme two animateinge ye saide Baites theirein.- 

On June i8th, 1595, twenty kine belonging to Robert Delaval strayed 
with their calves out of Brereden pasture in Hartley township into a 
meadow belonging to Cuthbert Bates. Bates impounded them, and sent 
notice of his action to Seaton Delaval ; whereupon Edward Delaval and 
Ambrose Readhead came from Seaton, and offered fourpence as pound-law 
for the kine, but refused to pay for damage done until it had been proved 
whether it was not due to Bates's negligence, and said that they would have 
the cattle whether Bates willed it or no. After sunset John Delaval, son of 
the lord of Seaton, came with a body of his servants, armed with lances, 
broke open the pounds and carried off the cattle. A similar occurrence took 
place on October 26th following, so the ill-feeling of the two landowners 
became accentuated, and resulted in a suit in the Court of Star Chamber.^ 

On February 2nd, 1602/3, Cuthbert Bates died,^ leaving a son and 
heir, Thomas Bates, who was then ten years of age. Custody and wardship 
of the young heir were granted, on November 26th, 1606, to his mother, 
Elizabeth Bates, who subsequently married Thomas Smelt of Gray's Inn. 
Two years later Elizabeth Bates appealed to the Court of Wards and 
Liveries against the action of her neighbour, Sir Ralph Delaval, in hav- 
ing, as she asserted, sought to disinherit her son, Thomas Bates, of a 

' Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

-'A note of severall injuryes done unto Robert Delavale by Peter Delavale and his brethren.' 
Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

' Star Chamber Proceedings, 38 Eliz. B. Bundle 50, No. 10. 

* His will and inventory is printed in Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. iii. Surt. Soc. Pub. pp. 181-1S3. 


parcel of land called Holywell moor. This was done, she stated, ' the 
rather for that he perceyvethe the sayd Elizabeth to be a sole woman and 
not able to followe busynes in lawe,' — she had not as yet taken a lawyer 
as a second husband ; and he intended to go to trial at the next assizes 
in Northumberland, and 'being of power there,' doubted not that he 
would overthrow the defendants.' 

Hitherto the tenants of Holywell had enjoyed the right of pasturing 
eighty beasts upon Seaton Delaval moor, or four sheep in place of one 
beast ; but their rights of common did not extend to the adjacent moor 
of Whitridge, which also lay in the lordship of Seaton Delaval. More- 
over, the lord of the manor exercised the privilege of depasturing his 
cattle on the moor without stint or number, and had, or claimed to have, 
free rake and passage for his cattle out of Seaton Delaval common into 
the corn, meadow and pasture of Holywell. The evidence of the court 
rolls supports the defendant's contention that no separate common had 
hitherto existed for Holywell. However, in lieu of the eighty stints 
formerly held by occupiers of land in that township, one hundred and 
twenty acres were now severed from Seaton Delaval common and annexed 
to Holywell, causing a rectification of its northern boundary.^ 

Ralph Bates, son of Thomas Bates, served in Yorkshire on the rovalist 
side during the Civil War, but after the capture of Newcastle he made 
his submission to the parliamentarians, and on Christmas Day, 1645, swore 
to the National Covenant before Ralph Watson, minister of Earsdon. His 
personal estate, according to his own statement, had been wholly consumed 
and wasted by the armies, and he was further obliged to pay a fine of 
j^200 for his delinquency.' His fortunes had sufficiently recovered by 1654 
to allow him to build the old hall of Holywell, at the cross-roads above the 
dene. In its complete state the hall must have presented a very effective 
grouping of gables, dormers and chimney-stacks, judging from the pictur- 
esque fragment which still remains. 

The gate-posts and flanking walls shown in the accompanying sketch 

' Courl of Wai'ds and Liveries, Pletuinigs, Hilary, 6 James I. 

- The result of the trial is given in a memorandum in Sir Ralph Delaval's estate-book : ' It ys also 
to be noted that ye townshipp of Hallywell hathe 120 acres of moore severed to them, which was parte of 
Seaton Delavale common, as also 14 acres caled the threepe moore, in leyu and consideracyon of ye 
racke of 80 beastes that they had on Seaton moore ; but the royaltyes of the same ys reserved to ye lord 
of Seaton Delavale.' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

' Welford, Royalist Compositions, Surt. Soc. No. Ill, pp. 113-114. 



form the west end of a courtyard measuring about a hundred by sixty feet, of 
which the eastern end was occupied by the residential portion of the hall. 
That is now destroyed. The existing building on the north side of the court 
possibly comprised the kitchens and domestic offices. It measures seventy- 
six feet in length by twenty-one feet in breath, with a projection containing a 
stair-case. Its windows have chamfered jambs and mullions and moulded 

_ - ^/^i^P^-^ ^' ■ ■ ^ li£^ 

The Old Hall at Holywell. 

labels. A door in the centre of the range has moulded jambs, and a four- 
centred arched head formed of a single stone on which is the motto and 




There are some old stone fireplaces in the interior, that within the chimney 
stack being segmental-headed and wide in the opening. 


K'alpli Rates was rated in 1663 for lands in Holywell at jk 120, other 
owners then being James BavlifTe, rated at £if) ; Richard Walker and 
Dorothy Grey, rated at £20 each ; and John Taylor, rated at £ii} The 
name of BaylifFe is regularly entered on the court rolls among the free- 
holders of Holywell throughout Elizabeth's reign ; that of Taylor first 
occurs in 1587. One of these properties came into the possession of the 
Fenwicks of Earsdon, probably through the marriage of Nicholas Fenwick 
with Sarah, daughter and heiress of Thomas Winship of Holywell. It is 
now represented bv Holywell Grange farm, and is owned by Mr. Thomas 
Fenwick-Clennel of Harbottle. The small freehold estate belonging to 
Mr. Thomas Bradford Atkinson of Angerton has descended to the present 
owner from his grandmother, Marv Anne Atkinson, first wife of Sir Thomas 
Bradford, G.C.B., and niece and devisee of Mr. Ralph Atkinson of 
Angerton.'^ Wolfhill farm and the West Field farm once formed part of 
the Bates property, but were sold on May 12th, 1781, for ;^4,o8o, to Ralph 
William Grey of Backworth, and passed with the rest of the Backworth 
estates in 181 2 to the duke of Northumberland.' 

On June 29th, 1855, Mr. Nathaniel Bates, the last male representative 
of the main line of his family, disposed of the whole of his estates to his 
sister, Miss Jane Anne Bates. She died intestate, whereupon Holywell 
and her other unentailed properties passed to her sisters. Miss Sarah Bates 
and Mrs. Georgiana Elliot ; while Miss Sarah Bates inherited the entailed 
estates of Milburn and Coldcoats in the parish of Ponteland, under the 
limitations of the will of her elder brother, Mr. Ralph Bates of Milburn. 
On the death of Miss Sarah Bates, \vho also died intestate, the whole 
property was re-united in the person of Mrs. Elliot, who, with her husband, 
the Rev. John Elphinstone Elliot, assumed the additional surname of Bates. 
Mrs. Elliot Bates devised Holywell and her other unentailed estates to 
her grandson, Mr. Ralph George Mortimer, now of Milburn hall.'' Mr. 
Mortimer is also owner, by purchase, of the entailed estates. 

' Hodgson, Norl!iuinberlaiid,pl. iii. vol. i. p. 251. 

- See pedigree of Atkinson and Bradford, ibid. pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 193-194. 
' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 

' Mr. Mortimer married, on June 26tli, 1907, \'ioIet, daughter of the late Major E. \V. Stokes of the 
4lh King's Own Regiment. 




The seaboard township of Hartley contains within its limits 1,790 
acres, of which five are inland water, three are tidal water, and 2icS acres 
are foreshore, leaving 1,564 acres of land. Its high and exposed situation 
is unfavourable for agriculture, contrasting as it does with the more sheltered 
position of Whitley to the south. Early forms of the name suggest Idw rather 
than lea as the original form of the second syllable,' and the conspicuous 
hill, capped by the red-tiled cottages of the modern village, may well 
have been occupied by an early settlement of fishermen. 

Hartley Vfllage. 

Two streams have hollowed their deep channels through the township ; 
their mouths forming its southern and northern limits. The Brierdene 
burn, rising at the Black-hill on the bounds of Holywell, flows through 
swamp and whin-grown banks. In Holywell dene the broader Seaton burn 
has eaten through the friable earth down to a rocky bed, over which its 
clear water falls, among woods of birch and ash — carpeted with ground-ivy, 

' The name is still pronounced Hartlfi by the country people. 


hyacinth and wild strawberry, or filled with undergrowth of thorn, briar 
and bramble — till it too loses itself in swamp, to find a deeper basin and 
outlet to the sea at Seaton Sluice. 

The coast line presents much variety of feature. North of the Brier- 
dene the coast is Boulder-clay, fronted by sand and shingle, as far as the 
sandstone outcrop of Curry's point, once called Whitchever. Opposite 
to this is Hartley Bates, now mis-named St. Mary's Island, a rock isolated 
at high tide, and beyond it is an alternation of rock and creek, sweeping 
round to the mouth of Seaton burn, whence a level range of sandhills 
stretches northward to the Blyth. 

In early times the country north from Holywell dene formed part of 
Seaton Delaval township.^ The old road leading from Hartley followed 
the southern bank of the dene, then struck southward, forming the boundary 
of Hartley and Holywell townships, and so crossed the Brierdene by 
the Fisher's ford near Black hill and entered Earsdon." A bounder of 
Hartley, taken in 1573, preserves some early names and vanished landmarks : 

The boundres of the inannor or loidshipp of Hnrteleye m the countye of Northumberlande within 
the paryshe of Tyneniuthe, as yt was vewde and walked by the tennants of the sayd towne and dyvers 
others the freholders and occupiers of Seaton Delavale, Hallywell, Earsden, Munckeseaton and 
Whittelye, beinge the next adioyneinge and bounderinge townes thereunto, and in the presence of 
Robert Delavale, esq., head lorde of Hartley, George Radclyffe, Richard Rulhall, Christofer Mylford 
and Robert Lawson esquiers, and William Taylor yenion, freholders and owners of dyvers tenements and 
landes belonginge thereto in Harteley aforesaid, and also in the presence of Thomas Bates, gentleman, 
the Queene's Maiestie's surveyour in the countie of Northumberland, the first daye of Maye and in the 
xvj"' of the reigne of our soverayne ladye queene Elizabethe, a.d. 1573. 

The same beginethe at a greate blewe stone which ys belted about with a w-hite seame, whiche 
stone lyethe thirtye yeards by southe the mouthe of Breyerden bourne, where the sayd bourne enterethe 
into the sea in the sande there. Frome which stone yt assendethe upp the southe banke heade of 
Breyrden to the east ende of the dycke whiche standes one the topp of the sayd banke by Breyrden 
pethe, and so dyrecthe as that dycke goethe into the southemoste noucke of Highe Breyrden, which 
dycke dothe bound and sever the groundes of Whitlethe and Munckseaton frome Harteley. Then 
turneinge northwards as the dyke goethe alonge the topp of High Breyrden, which boundereth Earsden 
groundes frome Harteleye, and crossinge over the burne at the east syde of the Salter foorde, otherwise 
nowe caled the Fysher foorde, where yt metethe with Hallywell Black-hill, and frome thence upp the 
banke as the dycke goethe, and so northward styl! as the sayd dycke standethe on the heade of Harteley 
brockes, untyll yt come to the northmost corner of the sayd dycke, which dycke bounderethe Hallywell 
groundes fiome Hartley. Then yt tuinethe eastwarde downe the dycke that standethe one the heade of 
the southe banke of Seaton Delavale woode, alonge the Brockes of Hartleye, untyll yt come to the eeaste 

' See below under Seaton Delaval township. 

' It is presented by the homage that the highe waie and common street frome the water mylne to 
the Black hill in Halliwell feilds for horse carte and cariage haith alwaies lyen and been and doth lie 
and go upon the west side of the dicke called Breerden dicke, and that the same waie haith so bene 
used accustomablye for the spaice of these Ix yeres and moore, and tymes out of any man's memorye, 
none levinge to the contrarye. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls, 1596. 


ende of the sayd woode, where fiome the topp of the sayd southe bancke yt discendethc downe noith- 
word by a dycke to the great water poole called Horspoole, and so descendinge down as the water goethe 
by Harteley brydge, and so, styll discendinge the middest of the sayd water, to the sea at the pannes 
caled Mardle-deane pannes, and from thenc southeward alonge the sea bankes by Harteley town, Saint 
Ellen's baytes and Whitchevers to Fullow Crake, styll goinge by the sea bankes untyll yt cotiie to the 
great blewe stone of lireyerton where yt begane.' 

Hartley was one of the vills which composed the barony of EUingham, 
conferred on Nicholas de Grenville by Henry I.^ Men of Jesmond, 
Heaton, Cramlington and Hartley — the townships forming the southern 
half of the barony — attested a deed of gift to Durham priory made by 
William de Grenville, nephew of Nicholas de Grenville.' The northern 
m.anors of EUingham, Doxford, and Osberwick, as well as Heaton, appear 
to have been held in subinfeudation during the lifetime of William de 
Grenville by his brother-in-law, Ralph de Gaugy ; for though Grenville 
continued to hold the barony until 1161,'' a grant of EUingham church 
to the monks of Durham, made by Gaugy, cannot be dated later than 
1158;'* and in 1157 King Henry H. confirmed to William de Vesci, 
along with other possessions, the fee of Ralph de Gaugy, namely, the four 
townships specified above. '^ 

The charter given to Vesci in 11 57 was in the nature of a confirmation 
in the lands of his father, Eustace fitz John, whose death had immediately 
preceded it ; and as Ralph de Gaugy had a grown son at the time that 
he made a grant of EUingham church,' it is perhaps permissible to infer 
that the elder Gaugy died shortly before 11 57, and that the wardship of 
his heir, Ralph de Gaugy H., came by grant from Grenville or otherwise 
to Eustace fitz John. Grenville died without leaving issue. Of his two 
sisters, the elder, Mabel de Grenville, was the widow of Ralph de 
Gaugy I. ; the younger had been married to Hugh de Ellington. The 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

'"' Red Book of the Exchequer, Rolls Series, p. 43S. An exhaustive account of the Grenville and 
Gaugy barony is to be found in vol. ii. of this work, pp. 224-243, and, so far as relates to Je=mond, in 
Dendy, Accoinit of Jesmond {Arch. Ael. 3rd series, vol. i.), pp. 30-39. Though alternative interpretations 
are here put forward on certain points of detail, the present narrative is to be considered by way of 
supplement to these primary authorities. 

'■■ Feodarium Prioratus Duiiclineiisis, Surt. Soc. No. 58, p. 104. 

' William de Grenville paid scutage in 1161, and his heirs paid lelief in the following yearj Pife 
Rolls, ed. Hodgson, pp. 5, 303. 

* See vol. ii. of this work, p. 227, note 3. 

" Chancery Miscellaneous i?o//s, bundle 3, No. 6., printed in Harnhome, Feudal and Military Antiquities 
0/ Northumberland, pp. cx-cxii ; see also vol. v. of this work, p. 21. 

' Vol. ii. of this work, p. 228, note 2. 
Vol. IX. 13 


barony was partitioned ; Mabel de Grenville and her son, Ralph de 
Gaugy II., took ElHngham and the northern manors, with the seignory 
over the other half of the barony ; Ellington received Jesmond and the 
southern townships in right of his wife.' Both portions were subjected 
to the provision of dower for Emma de Grenville, widow of the late lord 
of the barony, and both included a share in the service of a quarter of a 
knight's fee rendered by a certain tenant named Galon. This service was 
due for land alienated by the Grenvilles. Its extent suggests that the 
holding so carved out of the barony did not include more than a moiety 
of a manor. The locality of Galon's fee cannot be settled with any 
certainty, although the balance of probabilities inclines to Hartley.^ 

The assize of Clarendon, promulgated early in 11 66, inaugurated a 
system of judicial visitations carried out in every part of the kingdom by 
means of itinerant justices. Richard de Lucy and the earl of Essex em- 
ployed the spring and summer months in visiting every county in England. 
Their commission had a financial as well as a judicial character, and its 
result is seen in the creation of a class of pnrprestiires, made up of 
escheats and concealed lands, for which sheriffs accounted to the Ex- 
chequer, over and above the ancient ferm of the shires. The Pipe Roll 
for 1 1 66 includes among these new additions to the royal demesne 'Ralph 
Gaugy's land which William de Vescy held,' for which the sheriff made a 
return of thirty shillings.^ The corresponding entry in the roll for 11 67 
shows that the land in question lav in Hartley.* 

Hartley was as yet largely uncultivated, but it improved under the care 
of the king's officers. The demesne was re-stocked. In 1167 the sheriff 
accounted for forty-seven shillings expended upon a team of eight oxen, 
a horse for harrowing, and sixty sheep ; and the sum of twenty-one shillings 
was spent in purchasing oats for seed-corn.^ The result is seen in the 
improved rent for 1168, amounting to £'^ os. 4d.^ This fixed rent was 

' Red Book of the Exchequer, p. 443. In 1162, Ralph de Gaugy paid relief on two fees (forty marks), 
and Hugh de Ellington paid relief on one fee (twenty marks) ; Pipe Rolls, p. 300. However, the returns 
of 1 166 show that either party then held one knight's fee and a half. Both were equally assessed in the 
aid of 1 168 and the scutage of 1172, though in 1165 Gaugy paid scutage for the whole barony ; ibid. 
8, 13, 21. Ellington's name has unfortunately suffered several transformations in this edition of the Pipe 
Rolls. Upon the principle of division see Uendy, Jesmond, p. 32. 

" It is improbable that Galon's lands lay in one of the northern manors, for these were held by Ralph 
de Gaugy I., nor yet in Jesmond, which appears to have been at this time the seat of the barony. 
Cramlington was probably also retained by the Grenvilles in their own hands. See a deed of gift by 
Nicholas de Grenville, quoted in vol ii. of this work, p. 226, note 3, which is attested by 'onmes meliores 
et prudentiores de Cramlingtun.' 

' Pipe Rolls, p. 9. ' Ibid. p. 10. = Ibid. ' Ibid. p. 12. 


supplemented in subsequent years by extraordinary payments, such as 
perquisites of the manorial court, which totalled twenty-one shillings in 
1167,^ and by aids, to which the men of Hartley contributed in 1169.^ 

Taking into consideration the amount of the annual return, it seems 
probable that not more than half of the township became crown land, and 
the explanation therefore suggests itself that this was Galon's fee, forfeited 
by that knight and claimed as an escheat from William de Vesci, the 
guardian of Ralph de Gaugy II. It continued crown property until 
1 1 76, when an exchange was effected. The Grenvilles appear to have held 
land in the royal manor of Newburn, which Gaugy and Ellington now 
surrendered to the king in return for a grant of Hartley.' 

Ellington died about 11 80, in which year Mabel de Grenville and 
her son Ralph paid a fine of five marks for having seisin of his fee.* 
Both portions of the barony thus became united in the elder line. Though 
the barony henceforward remained intact, a re-division of estates apparently 
took place in 1201. In that year Adam de Gaugy, who may be identified 
with a younger son of Ralph de Gaugy I., obtained judgment in the 
king's court against his kinsman, Ralph de Gaugy III., for land in 
Ellingham and ' Greling ' to the extent of one knight's fee.* Adam de 
Gaugy appears to have left descendants who discarded their original surname 
for a territorial appellation. An inquest taken about the year 1240 states 
that Adam de Jesmond then held of Ralph de Gaugy III. the vills of 
Jesmond and Hartley by the service of one knight's fee and a half.** It 
is apparent from other records that he also held land in Heaton and that 
he received from Gaugy a grant of half of the manor of Cramlington.^ 

There can be no doubt that Adam of Jesmond came of the Grenville 
and Gaugy stock.* He, or his father, entered in 121 5 upon a lawsuit with 
Gilbert Delaval over two bovates of land in Dissington.' The plea termin- 
ated in a fine made in 1219 between the two parties.'" Perhaps it was at 
this date that Adam of Jesmond conferred upon Delaval his moiety of 

' Pipe Rolls, p. 10. - Ibid. p. 14. 

' Ibid. pp. 24, 26. The sheriff administered the property for eighteen months longer, but paid the 
rents over to the new owners. 

' Ibid. p. 32 ; compare p. 68. ^ Ibid. p. 77. 

" Testa de Nevil, Record Com. p. 3S2 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 206. 

' Placita de quo warranto, Record Com. p. 586 ; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 123. For 
the grant of Cramlington see Three Northumberland Assize Rolls, Surt. Soc. No. 88, p. 328. 

' Dendy, Jesmond, pp. 37-39. » Curia Regis Rolls, No, 49. " Pipe Rolls, p. 120. 


Hartley township, which was held of him in 1252- 1254 by Eustace, son 
of Gilbert Delaval/ As will be seen later, this was the full extent of 
Adam of Jesmond's holding in Hartley. That manor continued for three 
centuries to be held in moieties by different owners. 

The Delaval Moiety. 

The land conveyed to the Delavals by Adam of Jesmond formed 
one moiety of Hartley township. In 1242 Eustace Delaval and his 
men are found making appeal against the men of Adam of Jesmond for 
breach of the peace. Jesmond was then with the king in Gascony,^ and 
in consequence of his absence the sheriff of Northumberland was directed, 
on September 29th, to stay the appeal.' About ten years later (1252- 1254), 
Delaval was sued for services in Hartley by William de Valence, who 
possibly based his claim upon the grant made to him in 1249 of the custody 
of Robert fitz Roger, descendant of Eustace fitz John, Delaval thereupon 
called upon Adam of Jesmond to acquit him of the said services.^ 

The same Eustace Delaval conferred a quarter of the whole township, 
comprising fourteen bovates of land, upon the canons of Brinkburn,' to be 
held by homage and fealty, and by the service of is. 8d. for the ward 
of the king's castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, of 3^d. for coinage payable 
at the feast of St. Cuthbert in September, and of 3s. 4d. at Whitsuntide 
for the custom called Cole-male.^ This last payment was no doubt made for 
the right of working the outcrops of coal in the sea banks. 

The Delaval moiety of Hartley was stated in an inquisition taken 
in 1258, upon the death of Eustace Delaval, to be worth £'i, 17s. iid. 
yearly.' By 1297 the return had increased to £(:> los. The demesne 
then included a hundred acres of arable land, worth sixpence an acre, and 
there were four bondage holdings and ten cottages, paying rents respectively 
of ten and four shillings apiece, besides the lands of Brinkburn priory.* 

' Curia Regis Rolls, No. 93. 

" Adam of Jesmond received letters of protection on May 17th, 1242, to last for so long as he should 
be in parts over the sea with the lord king. Roles Gascons, Documents Inedits, vol. i. p. 78. 

^ Close Rolls, 27 Hen. III. m. 7 d. ' Curia Regis Rolls, No. 151. 

^Hundred Rolls, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 23; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 116. In 
1260 the prior of Brinkburn sued Henry Delaval, brother and heir of Eustace Delaval, on a plea of 
warranty of the third part of fourteen bovates of land in Hartley, claimed as dower by Christiana, widow 
of the said Eustace. Curia Regis Rolls, No. 165. 

" The services are set out in an inquisition taken upon the death of Sir Robert Delaval, October 
1st, 1353. Inq. p.m. 27 Edvv. III. No. 67. 

' Inq. p.m. C. Hen. III. file 21, No. 8. " Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I. No. 47. 

Hartley township. lot 

Upon the death of Robert Delaval in 1297, his sister, Margery 
Delaval, succeeded to his estates in fee. She and her husband, Andrew de 
Smytheton, already held the moiety of Hartley, which they granted in 1300 
to Gilbert de Ottley, chaplain, to hold in trust.' The extent of the Delaval 
lands in Hartley, taken on November 3rd, 131 1, upon the death of Margery 
Delaval, furnishes the following particulars as to tenants and yearly rents : 

One coal mine, 13s. 4d. ; Roger Ak . . . ., two messuages and twelve acres, held in bondage, 8s. 6d. ; 
Nicholas le taillur, one messuage and three acres, held in bondage, 6s. ; Alan, son of Hugh, one 
cottage, lid. ; John Mody, one messuage and two and a half acres, held at the lord's will, 2s. 2d. ; eight 
cottagers paying is. 3d. each ; one new assart, £s los. Total, £7 13s. iid. [sic].'- 

Margery Delaval died childless, and her estates went to her kinsman, 
Sir Robert Delaval, who made a settlement of the greater part of his 
property in 1334, Hartley being limited under this entail to the heirs 
of his eldest son, William Delaval.^ Sir Robert Delaval died in 1353, 
when a detailed survey was made of all his lands. 


Yearly value. 
Land. £ s. d. 

loi| acres of arable demesne at lod. an acre ... ... ... 455 

8i „ „ „ 6d. „ ... ... ... 043 

2 acres of meadow at 2s. an acre ... 040 

4 husbandlands of 24 acres each, at 6d. an acre 280 

3 cottages, each with 3 acres annexed, at 3s. ... ... 090 

I cottage without land ... ... ... ... .. ... — 

I cottage with 3 acres annexed ... ... ... ... 040 

6 cottages at is. 8d. each ... ... ... ... ... o 10 o 

I cottage o o 8 

3 cottages lying waste ... ... ... ... ... ... nihil 

Sum £8 5 4 

No new survey was taken until 1438. In the interval a large portion 
of the demesne appears to have been divided into husbandry holdings. Joan 
Goldesburgh, widow of Sir Henry Delaval, died in that year seised of one 
third of the moiety of Hartley, which she held as dower, including eighteen 
acres of arable demesne worth 4d. an acre, three acres of meadow demesne 
worth IS. 6d. an acre, three husbandlands each worth ids. a year clear, 
and one cottage let at is. 8d. The survey also mentions the site of a ruined 
manor-house, of which the herbage was worth a shilling yearly.* Further 
allusion to the decayed state of the Delaval property is made in an inqui- 
sition taken in 1450. It was estimated to contain eight messuages, three 

'Feet 0/ Fines, 29 Edw. I. No. 53. - Inq. p.m. 5 Edw. II. No. 70. 

' Feet of Fines, 8 Edw. III. No. 29. ' Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67. ^ Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI. No. 44. 


hundred acres of arable, thirty acres of meadow, and four hundred acres 
of pasture, but was returned as worth little on account of the devastation 
and destruction wrought there by the Scots.' 

The steady decline in the value of property may be traced in the 
history of a free husbandland of twenty-four acres in the Delaval moiety of 
the manor, held by the Trewicks of Cramlington." In 1338 this land was 
stated to be worth twenty shillings yearly in time of peace, but to be then 
only worth five- shillings a year by reason of destruction done by the Scots ; 
yet by 1402 its value had further declined to 3s. 4d., although it rose to ten 
shillings in 1423.'^ The male line of the Trewicks failed with the death of 
Thomas de Trewick in 1399, and the family property was divided between 
his two daughters, Eleanor Hoggison and Joan de Wotton. From one of 
these two co-heiresses descended the Lawsons of Cramlington. Alexander 
Burrell, whose name occurs with those of Thomas Lavvson and the prior of 
Tynemouth as freeholders in 1485,* may have represented the other daughter. 

The prior and convent of Tynemouth held a piece of land let at the 
lord's will for ten shillings rent in 1292 and 1377, and for eight shillings 
in 1538, as well as a mill which used at one time to pay three shillings rent, 
but had become a ruin before the year 1377.^ At the dissolution the prior 
of Tynemouth was also in receipt of a yearly rent of is. 2d., paid to him out 
of the Brinkburn lands in Hartley.*^ 

The Middleton Moiety. 

A moiety of Hartley township was retained by Ralph de Gaugy III. 
after the remainder had been transferred to Adam of Jesmond ; and Gaugy's 
widow, Matilda de Gaugy, had Hartley and the hamlet of Whitlawe 

' luq. p.m. 29 Hen. VI. No. 26. 

" Margery de Trewick was one of the Iw'o heirs of Adam of Jesmond. Her grandson, John, son of 
William de Trewick, made conveyance of his half of the manor of Jesmond to Richard de Emeldon 
in 131 1, retaining, amongst other properties, a messuage and twenty-four acres of land in Hartley. 
luq. ad quod damnum, file 94, No. II. His successor, Henry de Trewick, died in 1328, leaving a 
son and heir, John de Trewick, who, on May 4th, 1360, received confirmation in lands in South 
Middleton, Trewick, Cramlington, Whitlawe, Hartley and Morpeth, formerly belonging to Henry le 
Proktour of Trewick and to William de Morpeth, and forfeited by them for their adherence to Gilbert 
de Middleton. Patent Rolls in Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. iii. pp. 72-73. An account of the Trewick 
family is given in Dendy, Jesmond, pp. 57-58. 

^ Inq. p.m. 2 Edw. HI. No. 50; i Hen. IV. No. 12; i Hen. \T. No. 28. In all inquisitions 
after 1313, the size of the holding is given as eighteen acres. 
' Hartley Court Rolls. 

' Tynemouth Charlulary, fols. 51 b, 55 b, 59 ; (Gibson, Tynemouth, vol. i. p. 223 ; vol. ii. p. Ix.xxv. 
' See vol. vii. of this work, p. 468. 


assigned to her for dower, but forfeited those places upon taking as her 
second husband a Frenchman named Henry de St. Martin. They were 
restored to her, however, in compliance with a royal order issued to the 
sheriff of the county on May ist, 1242.' Her son, Ralph de Gaugy IV., 
subsequently sold this moiety of Hartley, together with the seignory of 
the second moiety and of the other townships in the southern half of his 
barony, to William de Middleton, brother of Richard de Middleton, the 
king's chancellor,^ 

William de Middleton made a grant of two bovates in the township, 
worth eight shillings yearly, to Roger of Hartley, and conferred the whole 
moiety, estimated to be of the yearly value of twenty pounds, as well as 
the services of the heirs of Adam of Jesmond, upon his brother, Gilbert 
de Middleton.' In the extensive enquiries made before the hundredors 
in 1274, the fact was brought to light that Gaugy had not obtained licence 
to alienate his lands and services, and the sheriff was accordingly instructed, 
on April 23rd, 1274, to take Hartley into the king's hands ; '' but on May 
1 8th following, fresh orders were issued to the effect that Gilbert de 
Middleton should be temporarily allowed to enjoy the manor.* The 
term of his possession was prolonged until he should have obtained a quit- 
claim of services from the feoffor," and finally, in 1279, upon payment of a 
fine of ten pounds, he received a grant of Gaugy's lands in Hartley, to 
hold of the king by the service of half a knight's fee.' Other services 
due from his holding included the annual payment of 3s. 4d. for castle-ward 
and of 7d. for cornage.* 

Middleton's tenure was troubled in other ways. In 1274 he brought 
an action against Richard de Stickley, one of the heirs of Adam of Jes- 
mond, for coming to Hartley and maltreating his men.' In 1277 he brought 
an assize of mort d ancestor against Robert Delaval for common of pasture 
in the township;'" and in 1283, John de Swethop and Johanna his wife 

' Clou Rolls, 26 Hen. III. m. ii ; Hunter, Rottili Sclccti, Record Com. p. 260. 

- Rotuli Huniiredormn, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 18; Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 94. A 
pedigree of the Middletons, with full biographical details, is given in Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. 
vol. i. pp. 353-354- 

' Rotuli Hundredoruin, loc. cit. Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, Surt. Soc. No. 88, p. 328. 

* Fine Rolls, 2 Edw. I. m. 26. ' Ibid. m. 22. 

" Ibid. ni. 5, and 3 Edw. I. m. 6 ; Cal. Close Rolls, 1272-1279, pp. 169, 284. 
' Abbreviatio Rotulorum Originalium, Record Com. vol. i. p. 33. 

* Inq.p.m. 27 Edw. III. pt. i. No. 66. ° De Banco Rolls No. 6 ; Dendy, Jesmond, pp. 58-59. 
'" Pat. Rolls, 5 Edw. I. m. 19. 


sued Middleton for the third part of twelve messuages, three carucates, 
sixty acres of meadow, one windmill, and ^30 rent in Hartley/ This last 
action was one for dower, which Johanna perhaps claimed as widow of 
William de Middleton. 

The military service incumbent upon his fee was performed by Gilbert 
de Middleton in the Welsh campaign of 1277." At the time of the second 
invasion of Wales, in 1282, he contented himself with sending a deputy/ 
He died early in 1290,'' leaving a widow, Juliana, and a boy of eleven, 
also named Gilbert de Middleton. His property in Hartley was as follows : 

Rent from bonds and cottagers, £\2 8s. 3d. ; arable demesne, 140 acres at 8d. an acre, £^ 13s. 4d. ; 
meadow demesne, £1 13s. 4d. ; a mill, ^i 13s. 4d. ; rent of a coal mine, 13s. 4d. ; a brew-house, 6s, ; 
profit of the port, where the lord of the manor shall provide boats,* los. Sum total, /21 15s. yd. [s/c]." 

Gilbert de Middleton also died seised of land in Woolley, West 
Swinburn, and Caldstrother, received with his wife, Juliana, one of the three 
daughters and coheirs of Nicholas de Swinburne,' who now obtained a third 
part of her husband's lands as dower, upon engaging not to marry without the 
king's licence.** She did not long remain a widow, but, in 1292, had licence 
to marry again, and took as her second husband Sir Aymar de Rotherford.' 
Her son's lands in Hartley, subject to her own dower, and other manors of 
the total yearly value of fifty marks, were assigned by the king, on August 
27th, 1290, to Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, in return for an engagement 
to pay to certain persons in Norway the yearly sum of forty pounds, until 
the little Norwegian princess, Margaret, heiress to the kingdom of Scotland 
and affianced bride of Edward of Carnarvon, should have attained the age 
of fifteen years.'" Margaret's early death, on October 2nd of the same year, 
terminated the engagement, and on February 2nd, 1292, the custody of the 
lands of Gilbert de Middleton, with the marriage of his heirs, was granted to 
William de Felton, afterwards of Edlingham and one of the king's yeomen.'' 

' Dc Banco Rolls, No. 50. " Marshalsey Rolls, No. I, in Palgrave, Parliamentary Writs, vol. i. p. 205. 

^ Marshalsey Rolls, Nos. 2 and 3 ; ibid. pp. 230, 241. 

* The order to the escheator to take into the king's hands the lands of Gilbert de Middleton, 
deceased, is dated February 15th, 1290. Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. ii. p. 486. 

' 'Et dominus inveniet batellas.' The entry is important, as bearing upon the semi-servile character 
of the fishing population in the thirteenth century, and finds its parallel at the same period in North 
Shields ; see vol. viii. of this work, p. 287. 

'• Inq. p.m. C. Edw. I. file 59, No. I ; Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. ii. pp. 486-487. 

' See vol. iv. of this work, pp. 275-277. " Cal. Close Rolls, 1288-1296, p. 80. 

' See vol. iv. of this work, p. 277 ; Fine Rolls, 20 Edw. I. m. 14. 

'° Cal. Pat. Rolls, 12S1-1292, p. 386; Stevenson, Documents Illustrative of the History of Scotland, 
vol. i. pp. 178-179. 

" Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1281-1292, p. 472. For the history of the Felton family see vol. vii, of this 
work, pp. 107-122. 



The subsidy rolls for Hartley in 1296 and 131 2 show a considerable 
population of prosperous inhabitants. They do not include the names of 
the Lady Juliana or of her son, who perhaps resided at West Swinburn. 

Hertlaw Suksidy Roll, 1296. 






Siimnia bonoiun 

Walteii Steel 




unde regi 3 



Agnelis Gray 






Ricardi filii Gilberti .. 



T» ' 



Radulphi filii Willelmi 






Galfridi prepositi 







Willelmi filii Walteri .. 






Willelmi punder 







Nicholai Frere 







Willelmi Bateman 



,, 2 


Robert! Kempson 






Walteri Wyot ... 



„ I 



Rogeri Ackom 







Walteri Baret 





Willelmi Serill 




" 3 



Robert! fili! Willelmi .. 



)) I 



Randulphi Frere 







Robert! Kuimlock 






Johannis filii Ada 






Johannis Bateman 

1 1 


„ I 



Willelmi fili! Radulphi 





Johannis Serill 



)' I 




villae, ^26 IS. 6d. ; unde 
Herthlawe Subs 

domino regi, 
IDY Roll, i; 



5d.' Probatur. 






Summa bonoriim Rogeri filii Radulphi . 




unde regi 1 1 



Agnetis vidue 

. ... 2 





Radulphi fili! Willelmi 






Willelmi fili! Walteri .. 






Cristiane vidue 




Nicholai Frere 







Willelmi Bateman 



" 5 


Robert! fabris 

1 1 


!> I 



Robert! Felaw 


>, 4 


Johannis de Hertelawe 



)i I 



Robert! Knobloke 







Thome Jol! 







Willelmi Grome 



>i 1 



Galfridi prepositi 




i> 3 



Willelmi prepositi 




Johannis filii Walteri .. 




•! 5 



Rogeri Actorn ... 



„ 4 


Summa bonorum totius ville de Hertelawe, ^39 6s. 2d 

' Lay Subsidy Roll, 

unde regi, 78s. 7|d. Probatur 
- Ibid, i j£. 




Gilbert de Middleton II. was born on August ist, 1279, and con- 
sequently attained the age of twenty-one in 1300. He was initiated into a 
soldier's life in August of that year, when he served in the king's army in 
Scotland as squire to his old guardian, Sir William de Felton. ' Nothing 
further is heard of him for thirteen years. He was then, in 13 13, one of the 
captains of the garrison of Berwick-upon-Tweed," from which position he 
rose to be a warden of the marches, and was entrusted with the custody of 
Mitford castle by Aymar de Valence.^ 

The years that followed were the most disastrous that ever befell the 
northern border. Continual Scottish invasions forced the men of Tynedale 
and Redesdale from their allegiance to England. ' Scarce a soul,' in the 
words of a monkish chronicler, ' dared to live in Northumberland, unless 
it was near to some castle or v^^alled town.' For fifteen years the county 
remained desolate, without human life, ' abandoned to beasts of prey.'^ Adam 
de Swinburne, sheriff of Northumberland in 131 7, ventured to inform his 
sovereign as to the state of the marches, and did not choose his words too 
carefully, but spoke to the point. Edward II. laid him under arrest. So at 
least ran the tale told by Sir Thomas Gray of Wark.'* 

Swinburne was kinsman to Gilbert de Middleton on his mother's side, 
and the news of his arrest decided Middleton to break his fealty and to 
head revolt. He pledged himself to win Northumberland for the Scots. 
Perhaps he meditated reviving in his own person that semi -independent 
earldom of which memories still lingered.*^ The Middletons and Swinburnes 
accepted him as their leader ; the Mauduits of Eshot, and many other of 
the smaller gentry of the county, discredited officials, condemned felons 
and Scottish adventurers, flocked to his standard. News of an act of rare 
audacity suddenly startled the kingdom, and came as the first intimation 
that insurrection had broken out. 

Edward II. had lately forced the convent of Durham to accept as 
bishop his wife's kinsman, the courtly Lewis de Beaumont. ' He was of 

' Liber Quotidianus Contrarotulatoris Gardcrohac, 28 Edw. I. p. 277. 

- Bain, Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. iii. p. 65. 

^'Mitteford, cujus castri praefatus Gilbertus erat custos et non dominus.' Graystancs in Hist. 
Duiielm. Scyiptiircs Tres, Surl. Soc. No. 9, p. 100. 

' Chronica Monastcrii de Mtha, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. ^2>?>- 

' Gray, Scalachronica, ed. Maitland Club, p. 144. 

° Trokelaue makes allusion to 'jus cum dominio quod ipse vel fratres sui in comitatu Northumbriae 
habere clamitabant.' Aimales, Rolls Series, p. loi. 


good birth,' a St. Albans historian observed, 'but by no means well-read, 
and as is the case with so many Frenchmen, he was lame in both feet. 
If the Pope had seen him, he would never have made him bishop.'' 
Beaumont timed his first visit to his new see to coincide with the journey 
northwards of two Roman cardinals, Gauselin and Luca di San Flisco, who 
had been sent to England with legatine powers for the negotiation of a 
peace between Edward II. and Robert Bruce. The presence of two papal 
legates was intended to enhance the splendour of the new bishop's enthrone- 
ment, which had been fixed for Sunday, September 4th, that being the 
great Durham festival commemorative of the Translation of St. Cuthbert. 
On Tuesday, August 31st, the bishop, with his brother, Henry de 
Beaumont, constable of Norham castle, and the two cardinals and all 
their train, reached Darlington, where they spent the night. There they 
received a message from Geoffrey de Burdon, prior of Durham, bidding 
them be on their guard against ambush ; but the bishop and his brother 
made light of the possibility of attack, saying that the king of Scots dare 
not,^ and this was a trick on the part of the prior to interpose obstacles 
to the coming consecration. So early next morning, on Wednesday, 
September ist, they set out along the road to Durham. They had reached 
a point near Rushyford,^ between Woodham and Ferryhill, and in half an 
hour Beaumont might expect to get his first view of the towers of his 
cathedral. vSuddenly an armed band broke from a neighbouring wood, 
headed by Middleton and Walter de Selby. Their business was with the 
bishop and not with the cardinals, but some resistance was offered, and 
the whole company found themselves at the mercy of these freebooters. 
Bags and boxes were rifled.^ No personal violence was offered to the 
cardinals ; they were allowed to continue their journey to Durham on foot, 
leaving horses and baggage in the hands of their captors ; but Lewis de 
Beaumont and his brother Henry were carried off to Mitford castle and 

' Walsingham, Historia Anglicann, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 364. 

- ' Dicentes quod rex Scoliae talia non auderet attemptare.' Graystanes, loc. cit. The suggestion 
that Gilbert Middleton was acting in the interests of Robert Bruce is borne out by ."Vdam Murimuth : 
' Et per suos schaveldarios marchiae inter .^ngliam et Scociani nee voluit R. le Bruys permittere quod 
ipsi cardinales regnum Scociae intrarent.' Continuat'w, Rolls Series, p. 27. 

' ' In quadam valle inter Feri et VVodom.' Graystanes in Hist. Dundm. Scriptores Trcs, Surt. Soc. 
No. 9, p. 100. In a letter written a week after the event, Edward II. mentioned the occurrence as 
having taken place at Hett, a few miles north of Ferryhill (Kotiili ScotUu; Record Com. vol. i. p. 177), 
and in a later letter he placed it at Ayclifife, not far from Darlington. Ibiil. p. 179. 

* Chronicles oj Edward I. and Edward II. Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 231 ; Ftorcs Hsitoriarum, Rolls 
Series, vol. iii. p. 180. 

io8 Earsdon CHAPELRV. 

there held to ransom. The Translation of St. Cuthbert drew nearer, 
arrived, and passed; and the bishop -elect was still a prisoner; and the 
Italian cardinals poured their wrath over the loss of their property upon 
the prior of Durham. 

All present thought of continuing the embassy into Scotland was aban- 
doned ; the cardinals gloomily waited at Durham for the arrival of Thomas, 
earl of Lancaster, who was to escort them back to York, and in the interval 
pronounced their sentence of excommunication upon the robbers. With 
admirable effrontery, Middleton chose this occasion to come to Durham 
in order to hav^e speech with Lancaster, entered the cathedral at the head 
of his men, and there demanded absolution from the cardinals, whereby 
he further enraged them against the monks for suffering this indignity to 
be put upon them. Service was proceeding, and the monks kept their 
eyes fixed religiously on the ground, and failed to see the intruders whom 
they dared not eject.^ 

Edward IL was then at Nottingham. He at once hurried to York, 
where, on September 8th, he held a council and issued orders for a 
general muster of forces, to be held on the 19th at that place and at 
Northallerton." Two days later he sent the Pope a full account of the 
outrage, informing him of the measures taken for the punishment of the 
malefactors.^ Prompt action was needed to restore popular confidence in 
the strength of the government, and on the 20th it was thought wise to 
issue a public proclamation to the effect that such action was being taken.^ 

Prior Burdon was left with the ungrateful task of collecting so much 
of the cardinals' property as could be recovered. He indeed found seven 
shillings in the dusty recesses of a little purse,^ and carefully forwarded 
them to York, but nothing else had been left that was of sufficient value 
to cover the cost of carriage.^ 

Few as yet knew the name of the daring robber. He was generally 
rumoured to be John de Eure, formerly escheator of the northern counties, 

' The most detailed account of the robbery of the cardinals is that given by Graystanes, cap. xxxviii. 
printed in Trcs Scriptons, pp. loo-ioi. 

' RotuU Scotiae, vol. i. pp. 175-177. 

' The king's letter is printed from Bishop Bury's Letter Book in Reg. Pal. Duit. Rolls Series, vol. iv. 
pp. 394-395, and from the Roman Rolls in Rymer, Foedera, Record Com. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 341. 

' Cal. Close Rolls, 1313-1318, p. 568. 

^ 'Unam capsulam modicam in qua fuerunt quidam pulveres et septem solidi sterlingorum.' 

' Trcs Scriptorcs, pp. cxix-cxxii. 


and, on September 30tli, William de Ridell, sheriff of Norlhuniberland, 
and Richard de Emeldon, mayor of Newcastle, were instructed to arrest 
and imprison Eure and his accomplices upon suspicion.^ But 
the name of Middleton soon became renowned. Riding at the 
head of his troops with banner displayed," burning and pillag- 
ing, he forced the unlucky people who came in his way to 
join his standard, or carried them off to Mitford castle, where 
he held them up for ransom. Others followed his example ; 
Walter de Selby at Horton, and John Quoynt with his com- 
panions at Aydon hall,' occupied positions from which they ^DEMmDLETON^ 
ravaged the surrounding country ; while John de Cleseby 
raised insurrection in Richmondshire,* and Annandale in the west and 
Cleveland in the south felt the ravages of Middleton and the bandits or 
' shavaldores ' who owned his leadership." 

•- By the payment of large sums in blackmail the county palatine of 
Durham obtained a costly peace," and a ransom suitable to his dignity 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, I3r7-I32i, p. 88. On the other hand Gilbert de Middleton was ah'eady known to 
be concerned, as appears from a letter sent on September 12th to Hamo de Felton, rector of Litcham 
in Norfolk, ordering him to keep safely the son of Gilbert de Middleton, who was in his custody. 
Cal. Close Rolls, 1313-1318, p. 566. 

^'Equitando ad modum guerre cum vexiUo suo displicato.' Ahbreviatio Placiionim, Record Com. 
p. 329. Middleton's device, quarterly, in the first quarter a stag's head cabossed, appears with the 
legend s' gilbert: de medelton, upon his seal attached to two deeds in the Treasury at Durham. 
Misc. Cart. Nos. 4,049 and 5,053. His uncle, William de Middleton, bore in the first quarter a cross 
patoncee. On the heraldry of the Middleton family see Dendy, Jesmond, pp. 126-127. 

^ lidem Johannes (Page and Quoynt) et Galfridus (de la Mare) . . . tenuerunt manerium de 
Heydan hall in comitatu Northumbriae tanquain castellum ad opus Gilberti de Middelton contra 
gentes patrie et contra pacem domini regis ; ubi fecerunt multas roberias et felonias, depredaverunt 
et combusserunt totam patriam circumstantem. . . . Testatum est in curia hie quod idem Johannes 
Quoynt indictatus est in comitatu Eboracensi de societate shavaldorum. Coram Rege Rolls, No. 257, 
from duke of Northumberland's transcripts. 

' Chronicon de Lanercost, Bannatyne Club, p. 234. Patent Rolls in Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. iii. p. 56. 

*'Y cesti Gilbert . . . chevaucheoit de guere en Cleveland.' Gray, Scalachronica, p. 144. As to 
Annandale see the Giiisbroiigh Charlulary, vol. ii. p. 357, quoted above, with other examples of the use 
of the term shalvadore, in vol. viii. of this work, p. 86, note 4. 

' Three receipts of this period are among the miscellaneous charters in Durham Treasury : (i) 
No. 5,053. Receipt given by Gilbert de Middleton for two hundred silver marks paid by the com- 
monalty of the bishopric of Durham, by the hands of William de Denum, temporal chancellor ; dated at 
Mitford, October 12th, 1317 ; printed by Hodgson, Northuinbcrlaiui, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 360, note. (2) 
No. 4,581. Receipt given by .Adam de Swinburne for one hundred silver marks from the collectors of 
Peter's pence at Durham, in part payment of the sum of one thousand marks; dated December 6th, 
1317 ; printed by Hodgson, ibid. p. 214, note. (3) No. 4,049. Receipt given by Gilbert de .Middleton 
for two hundred and fifty marks ; dated at Mitford, December 14th, 1317. This last is as follows : 

Pateat universis per praesentes quod ego, Gilbertus de Midilton, recepi de communitate episcopatus 
Dunelmensis ducentas et quinquaginta marcas in perpacacione quingentarum marcarum de quibus 
fecerunt finem meum pro quadam transgressione michi facta ; de quibus quidem quingentis marcis 
praedictam communitatem acquieto per praesentes. In cujus rei testimonium praesentibus sigillum 
meum apposui. Datum apud Mitteford, die mercurii in crastino sanctae Luciae virginis, anno regni 
regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi undecimo. 


released Bishop Beaumont from Mitford castle.' Middleton neither lacked 
money nor supporters. Thomas, earl of Lancaster, who might have crushed 
the rebellion, preferred to connive at it, and commenced a private war in 
the West Riding against Earl Warrenne. The Scots threatened Berwick 
and Wark. Middleton attempted to gain Tynemouth.^ Bamburgh was in 
the custody of William de Felton, who had been guardian to Middleton 
and had trained him to arms. 

Yet the loyalty of the Feltons remained undoubted. One of the 
king's first acts on the outbreak of rebellion had been to put John de 
Felton in charge of the young Henry de Percy's castle of Alnwick.' It 
was a serious blow to the royalist interest when, in the latter part of 
November, John de Middleton, brother of the rebel leader, succeeded in 
capturing Felton, and released him only upon his engaging to surrender 
Alnwick upon a certain date.* 

Before the day came, a bold stratagem had entirely changed the 
position of affairs. Middleton's foster brother, the younger William de 
Felton, with Thomas de Heton, Robert de Horncliff and others, opened 
negotiations for ransoming the prisoners in Mitford castle. Part of the 
money had been paid, and in the third week of December' Felton and 
his friends came to make their final reckoning. Middleton awaited them 
in the castle ; his men had gone forth on a foray. The young men told 
him that thev had secreted their monev in the village and asked leave 
to go out and fetch it. Then, on reaching the castle gates, they turned 
on the warders, slew them, and gave admittance to a party of soldiers 

' ' Maxima et quasi intolerabilis pecuniae summa;' letter from Edward II. to the Pope, October 28th, 
in Rymer, Focchra, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 344. 

" See vol. viii. of this work, p. 87. 

' Rotuli Scotiae, vol. i. p. 178. 

* Recordatur eciam quod idem Johannes (de Middelton) seductive ut seductor cepit dominum 
Johannem de Felton, constabularium castri regis de Alnewyk, et ipsum in custodia retinuit, quousque 
predictus Johannes de Middelton ipsum Johannem de Felton deliberavit pro tribus ostagiis, sub hac 
forma, quod castrum predictum certo die inter eos convento et assesso sibi redderetur, infra quern diem 
Johannes de Middelton, simul cum predicto Gilberto fratre suo, captus fuit. Coram Rege Rolls, No. 231, 
from duke of Northumberland's transcripts. Sir Thomas Gray's statement {Scalachronica, p. 143J, that 
Middelton 'avoit tout Northumbreland a sa covyne, hors pris les chasteaux de Baumburgh, Alnewyk, 
et Norham, ou lez ij primers nomez furrount en tretice oue les enemys, Fun par ostages, I'autre par 
affinite,' has a foundation in fact, but misleads by its ex.aggeration. Mitford was the only castle of 
first-rate importance which fell into Middleton's power. News of the capture of John de Felton reached 
the king on or before November 27th, for on that date Henry de Percy was directed to keep Alnwick 
castle in his custody until a new keeper should be appointed. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1317-1321, pp. 56, 61. 
On December 6th Felton was again at liberty, and was acting as constable of the castle of Newcastle. 
Cal. Close Rolls, 1313-1318, p. 514. 

■' Middleton still held Mitford castle on December 14th. bee the receipt of that date quoted above. 


who were waiting without. Middleton and his brother were surprised 
and overpowered, loaded with chains, and carried off to Newcastle, where 
the town rabble greeted them according to their kind.' 

A few days later Gilbert de Middleton was placed on a vessel in 
the port of Tyne. At first the wind prevented a passage over the bar, 
and in the interval, Middleton humbled himself in the priory church 
of Tynemouth, where he sought pardon for the wrongs he had done to 
St. Oswin and the monks. Then the wind shifted to the north. The 
ship set sail, but such a tempest blew that the mariners put in at 
Grimsby, whence Middleton was brought on horseback to the Tower 
of London.^ 

Walter de Selby still held out with a remnant at Horton pele ; 
otherwise the rebellion ended with the capture of its leader. On 
January 6th, 131 8, commissions were issued for the arrest of rebels in 
Northumberland and Yorkshire.^ Two days later the Northumbrian com- 
missioners were instructed to receive into the king's peace all those who 
rose in insurrection against him in the county of Northumberland and the 
neighbouring parts, and to receive all who, through want of victuals or 
by force or fear, were in insurrection and who wished to come into the 
king's grace.^ 

No mercy could be shown to the man who had kidnapped a prince- 
bishop and played Robin Hood with the Pope's cardinals.^ It was January 
2 1st when Middleton reached London." On Thursday the 26th he was 
brought before the king at Westminster to have sentence of death passed 
upon him. That same day he was dragged at horses' tails to his execu- 
tion ; was hanged, drawn, and quartered. His head was set up in the city, 
and the poor remains of his body were exposed to view in Newcastle, 
York, Bristol, and Dover.' His brother, John de Middleton, was likewise 
attainted and met the same fate of hanging and drawing.^ 

' ' Juxta merita ab incolis admittitur.' ^ Trokelovve, Annates, pp. loo-ioi. 

' Cat. Pat. Rutts, 1317-1321, p. 99. 

' Ibid. p. 71. A list of pardons granted under this commission is to be found ibitt. pp. 117, 213. 

' See the Mahnesbury monk's Viin Edwardi Secundi in Clivonicles of Edward I. and Edivard II. 
Rolls Series, vol. ii. pp. 331-233, for the heinousness of this offence. 

'Annates Paulini in Clironictes of Edward I. and Edward II. vol. i. p. 281. 

■ The record of the trial is given in Abbreviaiio Ptacitoruni, Record Com. pp. 329-330; Hodgson, 
Nortlnimberlaiid, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 355. 

* See the contemporary inquisition quoted in vol. iv. of this work, p. 278, 


' So,' wrote a monastic chronicler, ' ended a year that was barren of 
every crop but misery, when Northumberland, wasted by the Scots and 
reduced to poverty by its own outlaws, lay between the hammer and 
the anvil.' ' 

Ransoms and plunder had swelled Gilbert de Middleton's personal 
estate to the large sum of ;^2,6i5 i2s. 4d. Besides a toft and ten acres 
of land in Caldstrother, worth 5s. 46., he held the manor of Brereden 
and the moiety of the vill of Hartley, which were extended as follows : 

Survey of Middleton's lands in Hartley, September iqth, 1318. 

£ s. d. 
120 acres of arable demesne at lod. an acre 
12 acres of meadow demesne at 2s. 6d. an acre ... 
One windmill ... 
A coal mine 
Rent of a brew-house 
loi husbandlands at 20s. each 
10 cottages with tofts and crofts at 3s. each 
7 cottages at IS. 6d. each 















£22 16 

Juliana de Moriley, mother of Gilbert de Middleton, was still alive, 
and held a third part of her late husband's lands in dower. Though more 
specific in its details, the survey does not differ materially from that taken 
twenty-seven years earlier. It contains, however, the earliest known 
mention of Brereden, a manor-house or fortified dwelling, built, in all 
probabilitv, by the Middletons, of which all trace has vanished, though 
the name survives in that of Brierdean farm. Brereden may be assumed 
to have occupied a site near the present homestead, where the dene is 
crossed by a field-road leading from Monkseaton to Hartley.' 

Those who had taken part in the capture of Gilbert de Middleton 
were rewarded, on January 30th, 131 8, by charges on the Exchequer, to 
be made to them until such time as they had received grants of equivalent 

' Walsingham, Historia Anglicaiia, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 153. The facts relating to the life of 
Gilbert de Middleton are collected in Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. pp. 360-362. For further 
details relating to the rebellion see Bates, Northumberland, pp. 156-160. The personnel of the revolt, as 
shown by later grants of forfeited estates, has been examined in Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. iii. pp. 51-75. 

" Inq. ad quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. No. 58 (old numeration). 

' The last mention of the old hall, or, more probably, the earliest reference to the farm which 
superseded it, is to be found in Sir Ralph Delaval's estate book, under the date of 1613, where it is 
termed Bryerden house. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. Briadon-burn-house is given in an eighteenth 
century colliery plan, in the library of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, as the name of a building 
on the left bank of the burn, a little to the south of Hartley South farm. 


value out of Middleton's lands and tenements.' The value of the whole 
property fell short of anv one of the charges granted to the three 
principal captors, one of whom, Thomas de Heton, applied at the parlia- 
ment held at York in February, 13 19, for a gift of Middleton's entire 
estates.^ These were settled on him and his heirs male, on February 15th, 
together with the reversion of Juliana de Moriley's interest.' On July 
1 6th, 1334, after the demise of that lady, the reversion took effect, but 
there still remained over a balance of j^^io 5s. 4d. yearly, for which 
Heton had received no satisfaction in land.* 

Hertlaw Subsidy Roll, 1336. 

Johannes Watterson, 14s. 4d. ; Rogerus filius Ranulphi, 7s. 4d. ; Johannes Snype, Ss.; Robertus 
filius Nicholai, 5s. 4d. ; Adam Punder, 3s. 4d. ; Gilbertus filius Willelmi, 4s. id. ; Willelmus filius 
Walter!, is. ; Henricus filius Roberti, 2s. 2d. ; Johannes Hogday, gd. ; Rogerus filius Alicia, 3s. 6d. ; 
Willelmus Arvays, is. 4d. Summa, 51s. 2d.* 

Thomas de Heton also acquired the manor of Chillingham, which, 
with Hartley and Brereden, he granted by deed of settlement dated April 
gth, 1329, to his son John and to the heirs of his body ; with successive 
remainders in tail to his other children, Alan, Thomas and Isabella.^ John 
de Heton died without issue ; whereupon Thomas de Heton, the father, 
in 1335 created a fresh entail, devising to his son, Thomas de Heton H., 
the estates comprised in the earlier settlement, and to Alan de Heton lands 
in Hethpool and Doddington, together with half the manor of Lowick. 
The new deed contained cross remainders, and was made subject to the 
feoffer's life interest.^ However, as no such reservation had been made 
in the deed of 1329, Alan de Heton had acquired, upon the death of his 

' Cat. Pat. Rolls, 131 7-1 321, p. 75. 

- A nostra seigneur la roi et a son conseil prie Thomas de Heton qe, come par avisement da son 
conseil il lui graunta cynkaunt mars a prendre de an en an taunqa il li eit done cynkaunte marches des 
terres qe furent a mons. Gilbert de Middelton, pur la prise le dit mons. Gilbert et pur le service qe il ad 
fait pur noslre seigneur le roi en la guerr' d'Escoce, les queles terras sont estendues a ^27 et I'estent 
retourne an la chaunceller' par bref le roi, qe il pleisa a nostra seigneur le roi et a son conseil comaundar 
qe le dit Thomas eit la chartre le roi de les dites terres pur li at pur ses heires en guerdour de son 
dit service et pur le graund meschief qe il ad soeffart pur nostra seigneur la roi. 

Endorsed. Placet regi [ut habeat] terram suam de terra ilia pro sa et heradibus suis masculis de 
corpora suo, ita quod axnunc moretur in obsequio regis per ubi dominus rax velit moram assignari ad 
standum in obsec|uio suo ; et ad donacionem et concessionem istam consenciunt omnes de consilio suo. 
Iiiq. lid quod damnum, 12 Edw. II. No. 58. 

'Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1317-1321, pp. 310-31 1. ' Ibid. 1 330- 1334, p. 565. 

' Lay Subsidy Roll, iffi. 

' County Placita, Northumberland, roll 175. The names of Robert da Maners, John de Heselryg 
and William de Boyham occur among the witnesses to the deed. 

' Ffft of Fines, Edw. III. Nos. 48 and 49. 
Vol. IX. - 15 


elder brother, a legal claim as against his father to seisin of Chillinghani, 
Hartley and Brereden, and had this allowed to him in 1345 in the Court 
of King's Bench. In 1352 the case was called up upon a writ of certiorari 
to the Court of Chancery/ where further proceedings appear to have taken 
place resulting in a re-division of the estates, for in an inquisition taken upon 
the death of Thomas de Heton the elder in the following year, deeds of 
enfeoffment were produced, showing that the reversion of Hartley and 
Brereden belonged to Thomas de Heton H., while that of the other 
Heton manors, including Chillingham, fell to Alan de Heton. Thomas 
de Heton H., although stated to have been a natural son, was given seisin 
of Hartley and Brereden upon fining for entry made without the king's 

Ten cottages in the village of Hartley were then waste and lacked 
tenants, a sign of the ravages of the Black Death in this district ; and it 
was doubtless the scarcity of agricultural labour which now prompted 
Heton to lease his demesne to the ten customary tenants of the manor. 
By so doing he doubled his profit on the demesne, and, by relieving the 
husbandrv tenants from labour services, he was able to increase the rent 
of each husbandland. This had stood at twentv shillings in 1318 ; it had 
sunk to a mark by 1353, but by 1362 had risen again to twenty-two shillings. 

Surveys of Thomas de Heton's Lands in Hartley, 1353 and 1362.'' 

Description of Property. 

120 acres of arable demesne 

10 acres of meadow demesne ... 

10 husbandlands ... 

15 cottages 


Sum ^11 16 3 ... ^19 3 10 

William de Heton, great-grandson of the original grantee, died under 
age on September 22nd, 1401, leaving three sisters and co-heiresses, Joan, 
Elizabeth and Margaret, who partitioned his inheritance. From Joan de 
Heton and her first husband, Robert de Rotherford, descended the Rother- 

' County Pliicitcj, Northumberland, roll 175. 

■ Cal. Close Rolls, 1349-1354, p. 548; Ahbreviat'w RoUdorum Origiualium, Record Com. p. 229 ; 
Hodgson, Northumbciiaiid, pt. iii. vol. ii. p. 323. 

' Inq. p. m. 27 Edw. HI. pt. i. No. 66 ; and 36 Edvv. HI. pt. i. No. 88. In 1362 both the 120 acres 
of demesne and the ten husbandlands are stated to be ' in manibus tenentium ad voluntatem.' 

Yearly value. 
i s. 


Yearly value, J362, 
i s. d. 


6 13 4 



.. 6 13 





10 6 

I 6 




fords of Middletoii-hall, near Wooler. Elizabeth de Heton took as her 
second husband John Park. Her heir, Roland Park, mortgaged his land in 
Hartley and his windmill there for £20 to John Cartington of Cartington, 
by deed dated June 8th, 1480.' Cartington's estate became absolute, and 
descended through the female line to the Radcliffes of Dilston. 

Margaret de Heton was married first to Thomas Middleton of Silks- 
worth, second son of Sir John Middleton of Belsay, and secondly to 
William Ogle. ° She left issue by her first marriage, and on the death 
of William Ogle, in 1479,'' a portion of Gilbert Middleton's lands came 
again into the possession of members of the Middleton family. Margaret 
de Heton's grandson, the third Thomas Middleton of Silksworth, had an 
only daughter, Anne, who married Henry Ruthall of Everton in North- 
amptonshire. Henry Ruthall and Anne his wife, who thus became possessed 
of a third part of the Heton inheritance, demised the same, in or about 
the year 1529, to Gilbert Middleton of Newcastle, younger brother of 
Thomas Middleton, in consideration of a yearly payment to them and their 
heirs of ^,25 6s. Sd.,"* but retained the fee simple. 

' Omnibus hoc scriptum endentatum visuris vel auditiiris, Rolandus Parke, armiger, salulem in 
Domino. Sciatis me, prefatum Rolandum, dedisse, etc., Johanni Cartynyton de Cartyngton, arniigero, 
illam parcellam tene unacum uno molendino ventritico superedificato in tenitoiio de Hartlawe in 
coniitatu Northumbrie ; habendum et tenendum, etc., sub tali tamen condicione : quod quandocunque 
ego, prefatus Rolandus, aut heredes meii, solveiimus vel solvi fecerimus prefato Johanni, heredibus aut 
assignatis suis, viginti libias legalis monete Anglie, apud castrum de Cartyngton, simul, in uno die, ad 
aliquod tempus infra decem annos pro.ximos et inmediate sequentes post datam presencium, ac 
eciam omnia onera et pecuniarum summas quas idem Johannes nessessarie faciei pro reparacione et 
sustentacione predicti molendini ante solucionem dictarum viginti librarum, si solvantur infra terminum 
supradictum, et hoc per visum duorum molendinariorum et duoruni carpentariorum, vocatorum myln' 
wryghtes, ad hoc tam per me prefatum Rolandum quam per prefatum Joliannem indiferenter nominan- 
dorum ; quod tunc bene licebit niichi prefato Rolando et heredibus meiis in predicto molendino et 
terra cum suis pertinenciis reintrare, rehabere et in meo pristino statu possidere, presente carta 
endentata in aliquo non obstante, etc. Datum octavo die Junii, anno regni regis Edwardi quarti post 
conquestum Anglie vicesimo. Greenwich Hospital Deeds, bundle 86, P.R.O. Hartley, A i. 

■Feet of Fines, 22 Hen. VI. No. 10, being settlement of one third of the manor of Chillingham, 
one third of a moiety of the vill of Hartley, and one third of lands in liamburgh and elsewhere, upon 
William Ogle and Margaret his wife, with reversion to Margaret's right heirs. 

' Ogle died on September 12th, 1479, seised of five messuages and sixty acres of land in Hartley, 
worth five marks yearly. Inq. />. ni. 20 Edward IV., No. 26. 

' ' Be yt notid that Gilbert Middelton hath recoverid all the landes of Syr .-Men Heyton that 
perteynid to hys grandam of his brother Thomas' doughter and heyer, payeng to the said heyre 
xxv" vj" viij'' by yere'; Tonge's Visitation, Surt. Soc. No. 41, p. 35. On August 20th, 1529, Gilbert 
Middleton of Newcastle, merchant, and Robert Brandling of the same place, merchant, gave bond in a 
thousand marks to Henry Ruthall, the condition being to keep covenants contained in a pair of 
indentures dated August 16th, 1529, between the said Gilbert Middleton of the first part and the said 
Henry Ruthall and Anne his wife of the second part ; Walbran's MSS. : Library of the Dean and 
Chapter of Durham. 




Arms : Heton, guks {or vert), a lion rampant within a hordure engrailed argoit. Northern Roll of Arms in Arch. Ael. third 
series, vol. ii. pp. I^ii-ITI. 
Middleton, quarterly, I and 4, quarterly gules and or, in the first quarter a cross patoncee argent, for Middlelon ; 
2, vert, three lions rampant argent, for Heton ; 3, salde, crusilh of crosses crosslet fi tehee and three covered cups 
«;-^^k/, for Strivelyn. Molln, De vande si j'e puis. Tonge's Visitation. 
RulhM, party per pale azui e and gules, a cross engrailed between four doves or, collared sable ; on a chief quarterly or 
and ermine two roses gules. Arms ascribed to Bishop Ruthall in Parliamentary Roll. 

Thomas DE Heton 'fitz bastard,' natural son of Thomas de Heton of Hartley and Chillingham («), who == Joan (^Fine 
died 30th January, 1352/3 ; succeeded to Hartley under settlement made by his father; also held a 
moiety of Hethpool ; died nth August, 1362 ; inquisitions taken at Alnwick, i6th October, 1362 (a) (_/nq. 
p.m. 36 Edw. HI. pt. i. No. 88), and at Morpeth, 6th November, 1385 {^Inq.p.m. 8 Ric. H. No. 19). 

Rolls, 49 
Edw. HI. 
m. 12). 

Thomas de Heton, 
born 8th Septem- 
ber, 1351 ; died 
s.p. under age 
{a) ; inquisition 
taken 4th October 
1363 {a). 

Sir Henry de Heton, knight, succeeded to Hartley : 
on the death of his brother (a), and to Chilling- 
ham on the death of his kinsman. Sir Alan de 
Heton ; died 25th October (or 1st November). 
1399; inquisitions taken at .Alnwick, 23rd Feb- 
ruary, 1399/1400, and at Newcastle, 23rd April, 
1400 (a) 0nq. p.m. I Hen. IV. No. 4). 

William de Heton 
{a), aged si.v 
years and more 
at Easter, 1399 ; 
died 22nd Sep- 
tember, 1401 ; 
inquisition taken 
at Morpeth, 
26th March, 
1404 (/«y. p.m. 
5 Hen. IV. No. 

Joan, born at Chil- 
lingham, 1st Aug., 
1389 (,Inq. p.m. 8 
Hen. IV. No. 82) ; 
married before 26th 
March 1404, Robert 
de Rotherford, and 
secondly, before 
llth November, 
1424, Thomas Lil- 
burn of West 

Lilburn. j 

Elizabeth, born at 
13th September, 
I ;gi (/«?. p.m. 
S'Hen. IV. No. 
82) ; married be- 
fore 25th June, 
1407, William 
Johnson, and 
secondly, before 
nth Nov., 1424, 
John Parke. I 

sabel, daughter and heiress of Sir Bertram 
de Monboucher ; was married, secondly, 
to Robert Harbottle of Preston, and died 
23rd October, 1424, leaving issue by 
both marriages ; incjuisition taken at New- 
castle, nth November, 1424 (/«y. p.m. 
5 Hen. VI. No. 40). 


Margaret, born at = 
Chillingham, 13th 
Jan., 1394/5 {_Inq. 
p.m. 12 Hen. IV. 
No. 47) ; married 
before loth April, 
1422, Thomas Mid- 
dleton ((i), and se- 
condly, before June, 
1444, William Ogle 
(/vf/ of Fines, 22 
Hen. VI. No. 10). 

Thomas Middleton, second 
son of Sir John Middleton 
of Belsay (</), by Chris- 
tiana his wife, grantees of 
Sir John de Strivelyn (^) ; 
conveyed to his brother. Sir 
John Middleton, a moiety 
of Belsay in e.xchange 
for a third part of the 
manor of Silksworth, lOth 
.'\pril, 1422 (i) (c) ; buried 
at Bishopwearmoulh. 

Thomas Middleton of Silksworth, son and heir (Ji) (rf), made entail of Hartley = Eleanor, daughter of Roland Tempest of 

and other property in Northumberland, 20th June, 147; (c) ; died nth March, 
1480; inquisitions taken at Sadberge and Bishop .Auckland, 27th September, 1480 
(^Durham Inq. p.m. portfolio 167, Nos. 29 and 31), and at .Alnwick, I2th June, 
14S0 {^Inq.p.m. 20 Edw. IV. No. 9). 

Holmeside (</); living a widow in 1483, 
when she had a grant of the marriage 
and wardship of her son (35M Deputy 
Keeper s Report, p. 142). 

daughter of 
Ralph Wy- 
cliffe of 
died s.p. 


Thomas Middleton of Silks- : 
worth, son and heir {b) 
(d), was sixteen years of 
age in 1480; died 12th 
.August, 1512 ; inquisition 
taken at Durham, 6th Sep- 
tember, 1 512 (1^), and at 
Morpeth, 21st .April, 1513 
{Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. VIII. 
No. 134). 

dau. of 

William Middleton 
(f/), received a 
share in his 
father's personal 
estate, 14th De- 
cember, 1479 (0- 

Gilbert Middleton, was thirty 
years of age in 1512, when 
he succeeded to Silksworth 
under the entail of 1422 if) ; 
mayor of Newcastle in 1530, 
in which year he entered his 
pedigree {d). 

Alice, dau. 
of Thomas 
Riddell of 




Elizabeth, Margaret, Isabel, all living in 1479 (c). 

Anne, daughter and heir, born 8th March, 1507/S (fi) ; succeeded to Hartley,- 
and to Consett and Elstob in the county of Durham {b) ; married before 1 6th 
August, 1529, Henry Ruthall, and subsequently, .Arthur Longueville (rf) of 
Wolverton, Bucks (/) ; buried at Wolverton, 2Sth February, 1566 (/). 

Richard Ruthall of Wolverton, Bucks, and some time of Lillingston Lovell, 
Oxon., son and heir, entered his pedigree in 1575 (<•). 

Henry Ruthall of Everton, Northants, 
second son of Richard Ruthall of 
Moulsoe, Bucks, and nephew of Thomas 
Ruthall, bishop of Durham (<•). 

; Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Butgoyne of 
Watton at Stone, Herts (e). 


Henry Ruthall, son and heir, died s.p. (/). George Ruthall, succeeded to his father's lands ; resident in London in 1600. 

(a) Inq. ad quod damnum, I Hen. IV. No. 6. 
(J)) Durham Inq. p.m. portfolio 173, No. 54. 
(c) Silksworth deeds. 

(rf) Tonge's Visitation of the Northern Counties, IjSO- 
{/) Harvey's Visitation of Buckinghamshire, 1575- 
(/) Herald and Genealogist, vol. vi., p. jo. 

hartley township. iij 

Hartley in the Sixteenth Century. 

The windmill, mentioned in a legal record of 1283 as well as in 
subsequent extents of the Middleton moiety, stood in the village of 
Hartley, where it is shown in Greenvile CoUins's chart of 1698.' It was 
not the only mill in the manor, for, as mentioned above, the prior and 
convent of Tvnemouth had a mill here which had fallen out of use in 
12)77 ■ The water mill in Holywell dene, now called Hartley mill, was 
then reckoned as belonging to Seaton Delaval township. 

Coal was worked in both portions of the manor as early as the 
thirteenth century, probably on the seashore and along the outcrops 
running north and south from the Brierdean dyke. The right of working 
coal was a royalty carefully guarded by the lord of the manor. A bye- 
law passed in the manor-court in 1560 provided 'that no man shall 
herafter work eny ground under the hughe for coles,' and in 1564 the 
tenants were restricted from buying any coal except from the lord's pits.' 

Salt was manufactured in early times at the mouth of the Seaton 
burn, as appears from the ancient name of Salters' peth given to the road 
leading inland from Hartley.' William de Whitchester, who died in 1408, 
held a ' salt-cote ' in the manor of Seaton Delaval, of which, as well as of a 
moiety of the township of Hartley, he enfeoffed William Badby, Thomas 
Persbrygg, chaplain, and William Collanwode, without obtaining the king's 
licence. ■* The Mardle-dene pans are mentioned in a bounder of Hartley 

' Greenvile Collins, Great Britain's Coasting Pilot, pt. ii. 

- Hartky Court Rolls. The rolls for 1485-1504 are among the marquis of Waterford's MSS. at Ford 
castle; those for i 559-1 570 are included among the Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle 
Society of Antiquaries, but neither series is complete. From 1578 onwards a single court was held for 
Hartley and Seaton Delaval. No court rolls are known to exist for the periods 1505-155S or 1571-1577. 

"The road crossed the Brierdean burn into Earsdon township by the Salters' ford, called in 1570 
the Fishers' ford. Reference is made to it in an enactment of the manor court in 15SS, 'that none of the 
fishers of Hartley nor any other shall ryde or make common way throughe Whitchever and Breerden 
feilds inclosed to Newcastell, but shall kcpe the accustomed highe street and usuall waie frome Hartley, 
sub pena iij' iiij''.' Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. .See also above, p. 77. 

' Miscellaneous Inquisitions, Chancery, file 288. This inquisition, taken at Morpeth on May 22nd, 
1410, was consequent upon the following petition presented in Chancery : A tres graciouse Chaunceller 
d'Engletere, suppliount humblement Roger de Fulthorp esquier et Elizabeth sa feme, que, come 
William Whitchestre, iadis baroun du dit Elizabeth, fust seise de la quart partie de la seignurie de 
Hertlawe et d'un meason appelle saltkot en la ville de Hertlawe, et de mesmez celle quart partie et 
meason le dit William enfeffa vn Thomas Percebryge chapeleyn, a tielle entent pur enfeoffer le dit 
Elizabeth a terme de sa vie de mesme la quart partie del meason suisditz apres la mort de dit William, 
lez queux Roger et Elizabeth sa feme sovent foitz ount requis le dit Thomas pur faire le dit feoffament 
a dit Elizabeth solonque I'entent du dit William, et il faire ne voillet ne vnquor ne voet ; que pleise 
a vous, tres gracious seignurie, considerer la myscheif suisdit, et examiner le dit Thomas en la dite 
matere, et de luy charger de faire ceo que reson et ley demaundount, solonque vostre tres haul 
discression, pur Dieu et en overe de charite. Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 69, No. 85. 


taken in 1573, where the occurrence of the name shows that Mardle or 
Merkel was the original appellation of Holywell dene,' and were described 
by Sir Robert Delaval in 1601 as having been occupied by him and his 
ancestors time out of mind for the manufacture of white salt, both for land 
sale and for coasting trade. ^ 

Hartley was primarily a fishing community. As early as 1291, the 
profits of the haven formed a considerable item in the income of Gilbert 
de Middleton. It is stated in the same record that the lord of the manor 
provided the fishing boats, probably in return for a payment in kind. 
During the sixteenth century the maintenance of cobles in good repair was 
enforced by enactments in the manor court. Thus in 1560 ' yt ys ordenid 
that every master of cobles shall at al tymes meynteyne their cople, ores, 
and all thyngs apperteyning to the seid copies opon peyne of every ore 
and other necessaries iiij''.' ' Licence was required for in-shore fishing.'' 
The division of the catch between the fisherman and the lord of the manor 
was regulated by custom ; in 1580 it was ordered 'that no fisher do carie 
awaie in his lynes any mo fishe then ys due and haith bene accustomed, sub 
pena x' every coble.' ^ The lord's ' coble-share ' or portion of each catch, 
was delivered by the fishermen on landing to an oflScer appointed for the 
purpose,' and was subsequently disposed of to fish-dealers.' 

' In 15S8 the tenants of Hartley were presented 'for not sendinge to the lord's work, viz., to helpe 
upp with a salt-panne.' Scatoii Delaval Court Rolls. Theie were five owners of salt pans in Hartley in 
1 599-1601, but their number had been reduced to four by 1605 ; ibid. 

- Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. ^ Hartley Court Rolls. 

' It was ordered in 1580 ' that none of the fishers in Hartley shall shutl there lynes by the shore-sid 
without licenz, pena vj''.' Scaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

'In 1 588 'Roberte Myller, Roberte Browne, Roberte .Arthur, and Mawnes Browne ar sworne 
in open courte before the lord of the said court that neither they nor anye of there conipanye at any 
tyme hereafter shall beare or carrie, or cause to be borne or caried, frome ye cobles to there howses mo 
lyne fishes in there lynes or swilles then are due and right for them, upon payne of x' for everye coble yf 
they or any of them be found culpable.' Ibid. 

° Yt ys ordered and paine laid that none of the fishers shall geve any evill speaches or raile to 
th' officer or taker up of the fische at the sea-stones, sub pena \\'f. Ibid. 1583. 

"This is exemplified by a lease dated February 19th, 1576/7, by which Robert Delaval granted 
to Robert Lewin, merchant, to Thomas Wigham, yeoman, and to Mark Armstrong, skinner, all of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the right of his cobles at Hartley for four years, excepting such cobles as he 
should take for the provision of his house. The lessees agreed to pay monthly on all fish that they 
received, two pence for every score of small fish, as codling, haddock and whiting ; one shilling for every 
great fish, as turbot, ling, chiUings and sturgeon ; and likewise one shilling for every skate. They were 
to be ready at all times at the landing-place of the cobles in Hartley, and there to receive the foresaid 
coble-shares. Delaval covenanted to pay them yearly 4,500 small fish, all skates under the \alue of 
fourpence, and all the thorn-backs which should fall to his coble-share, and engaged not to make choice 
of all the best and principal fish for the provision of his house, but equally and indiflerently to take the 
same by share at the landing-place, as they should be first divided and allotted to him. Marquis 
of Waterford's MSS. Afterwards the fishing came to be let out and out. In 1634 the fishing of five 
cobles is entered as having been let at £-,°- An inventory of the goods of Sir Ralph Delaval, taken 
in 1629, includes six cobles with oars, valued at ^3 each. Ibid. 


Regulations concerning the management of the common fields figure 
largely on the Hartley court-rolls, from which the following extracts are 
taken : 

Extracts from Hartley Court Rolls. 

1492-1493. Pain laid that the ditches shall be duly dug ; pain of I2d. 

1493-1494. That no one put any beasts out of the care of the servants ; pain of i2d. 

1494- 1495. That no cottager keep pigs or geese outside his house ; pain of 3s. 

1497-149S. That no tenant in future plough land within the green field ; pain of I2d. That they 
do not keep any beast beyond their stint ; pain of I2d. That they do not come with more beasts 
on the feast of St. Michael the Archangel than they can keep on the ox-pasture. 

1499-1500. That no tenant keep a bee-hive in the town of Hartley ; pain of 3s. 4d. 

1 500-1 501. That all tenants who have pigs that rout put thcni out of the banks at the feast of 
Purification ; pain of 6s. Sd. 

1501-1502. It is ordered by general assent that no tenant plough any land on the south side of 
Brerden until all the said tenants are collected there, and an agreement come to as to the said land, 
under pain of 3s. 4d. That no one plough on the 'owt-weys' under pain of I2d. That every tenant 
keep his beasts according to their course, namely, for one beast one day course, two courses for two 
beasts, etc. : pain of 6d. That all who have sheep keep their course, namely, for ten sheep one day ; 
pain of 6d. That no one put geese outside the town before the feast of St. Hilary ; pain of I2d. 

1 502-1503. That any cattle taken pasturing within the balks or within the o.x pasture pay to the 
lord 1 2d. so often as it occurs. That whoever night-lairs shall pay the lord 4d. That every tenant 
henceforward shall make his back-front and fore-front. 

1561. 'Yt ys ordenid that no man shall gyve in tyme of hervyst no sheaves untyl the corn be inned.' 

1564. 'Yt ys ordenyd that every tennante of this maner shall make their dyke betwene Hartley and 
Halywell every eyght dayes, to be forseyn by the baylyfif and others ; that every tennante shall every 
nyght take in their swyne at nyght nyghtly ; and that no man shall hereafter cut eny quynes of 
Brandeley's more ; and also that every of the seid tennants shall at no tyme herafter goo frome the 
lord's mylne with their corne.' 

1567. 'It ys ordenid that every tennante shall leave between lennd and lend {i.e., rigg) of a 
foote brode. Yt ys ordenyd that no man herafter shall kepe no seabed nags. Yt ys presented that 
the inhabitants hathe wrongfully eten a moneth gressyng in the new closse and Breardon, contrary the 
custome of this towne.' 

Other bye-laws passed in the manorial court are of the nature of 
police regulations. Football was forbidden in 1500, under the heavy pain 
of 6s. 8d. fine. The sale of beer was restricted to licensed victuallers, 
who each paid 3s. 4d. yearly for ' brew-farm '. No beer might be brewed 
except with malt bought from the lord of the manor, or sold except in 
measures sealed by the ale-tasters. Persons of bad character were expelled 
from the township,* while care was taken to guard against the escape of 
criminals by an order made in 1559 'that non of the iiij coble-masters 
shall at no tyme herafter shvpe no tnan without licence of the lorde of 
this manor, upon payne of vj' viij''.' The lord of the manor saw to the 

' Yt ys ordenyd by the jure that all women of mysdemeyner shalbe avoydid out of the town before 
the fest of the Purificacion of our Lady. Hartley Court Rolls, 1561. 


due peformance of watch and ward; thus in 1564 ' yt ys ordenyd that 
every tennant shalbe able in horse and gere frome tyme to tyme to serve 
the quene's majestic before the fest of All Seynt, opon peyne of vj' viij'V 
Watch, in accordance with regulations drawn up in 1552, was kept nightly 
by two of the inhabitants of Hartley at a place called the coll-dores,' 
probably at some point on Holywell dene. 

On the subject of religious foundations the court-rolls are silent, but 
there is known to have been a chapel in medieval times on the little 
rock called the Bates, a miniature Lindisfarne, made island by each high 
tide. The chapel was dedicated to St. Helen ; its erroneous ascription 
to St. Mary being perhaps due to traditions of the Lady-light, also called 
St. Katherine's light, which was burnt within it. The light had an endow- 
ment of five shillings rent, and was perhaps burnt continuously, though 
whether for devotional or for humanitarian reasons is doubtful. A light- 
house, built upon the rock in 1898 by the Trinity House of London,^ has 
destroyed all traces of St. Helen's chapel, of which the ruins were still 
traceable within living memory. As late as 1680 interments were made in 
a graveyard attached to the chapel,^ 'ind numerous remains were uncovered 
in the course of constructing St. Mary's lighthouse and were removed to 
the churchyard of Seaton Delaval. 

Less is known regarding the site of St. Ninian's hermitage in Merkell, 
now Holywell, dene, which was leased by John Delaval on October 30th, 
1497, to John Reid, yeoman, for life.'' In 1500 the hermitage was again 
leased by John Delaval to Robert Coward, for the death of whose father 
Delaval was in some way responsible.' 

' Nicolson, Leges Marchiarum, p. 290. 

- A description of this lighthouse is given by Mr. B. Morton in History of the Berifickshire Natunilists' 
Club, vol. xvii. pp. 72-75. 

' 1603 : A poore woman of Hartely called Mallye, the lord of S[eaton] Delavale fish-carrier, buried 
att St. Ellen churchyard nere the sea, September Slh. 1680 : James Harvie of Heartilie buried at ye 
Bateshill within ye wals of ye chappell, April 24th. Earsdon Registers. 

' Johannes de le VVaylle, ejusdem dominii de le VVaylle in comitatu Northumbrie, armiger, dedi, 
diniisi, etc., meo dilecto in Christo oratori, Johanni Reid, yeinan, totum meum herimitagium, sicut jacet 
in le Merkyl-den, etc. ; quod cjuidem heremitagium est fundatum in honorem beati Niniani confessoris et 
episcopi ; habendum et tenendum, etc., pro termino vite sue in futuro durante, etc. Datum penultimo 
die mensis Octobris et anno regni regis Henrici septimi, etc., tercio decimo. Waterford Charters, No. 52. 

^ Johannes Delavall, nuper de Seton Delavale in comitatu Northumberlandie armiger, xx™" die 
mensis Julii anno regni regis Henrici vij'"' xvj"'", vi et armis, videlicet gladio baculo et cultello, in 
Edwardum Cowarde de Blithisnuke apud Blithisnuke in comitatu Northumberlandie insultum fecit, et 
ipsum Edwardum adtunc et ibidem verberavit vulneravit et felonice interfecit et murdravit contra pacem 
domini regis. Inq.p.m. 21 Henry VII., C. vol. 19, No. 4. Either the jurors were mistaken as to the date 
and the name of the murdered man, or Delaval lield himself free to take action against other members of 
the family. 














This indentiir, made the xv' day off July in the yere of the reynge off oiier soverainc loid kynge 
Herri' the vij"' xv'"", between Sur Rawff Herbottell, knyght, John Mittfurth, esquier, Robert Ogle' and 
Willam Lawson the eldre, gentilmen, on the oon party, and Robert Coward and Alison Coward, widewe, 
late the wiff of Willam Coward dissesyd, on the other party, wittnesseth that it is finally agreid and 
determynyd be both the parties abovesaid forr all manor of accions, etc., afore mevid doon orr made to 
be doon be John Delavale of Seton Delavale, esquier, orr any off his ffreyndes orr off his company att 
any tymes paste, etc., to the said Robert and Alison orr any othre to thame belonginge for evirmore 
undir this agremente and condicions folowinge. Firste itt is agreid be the said partes that a preiste sail 
say messe weykely forr the saull off the foresaid Willam Coward att the propre costes and expenses off 
the said John Delavale his hiers orr his assingnes unto the ende and terme of vij"' yere be fully completid 
and enditt. Also itt is agreid be the said parties that the above namyd Robert Coward sail have holde 
and occupy the office off the armitage of Saint Rynyane" in Merkelldeene as armett, with all maner of 
dewtes, profetts and commodities in lyke maner and forme as othir armetts has had afore tymes, 
duringe the terme of the liff off the said Robert. Also it is agreid be the said parties that the above 
namyd Alison, wiff of the said Willam dissesyd, sail have yerely an annuall rente off xvj' viij'' to be 
appoyntid and assyngnyd be the said John Delavale off his lifelode duringe the terme of his liff, to 
be payd at Wittsunday and Martingemesse be evin porcions. Also itt is agreid be the said partes that 
the foresaid Alison sail have off the foresaid John Delavale a cotage hows with a garth belongynge to the 
same. Also it is agreid be the said partes that the said Alison sail have yerely the gyrsinge off the 
said John Delavale for x.\'' yowes and two kye in sommer season, and in wynter season the said kattell 
to be pasturyd and gyrsyd att the charge and coste off the above namyd Willam Lawson, and soo yerely 
to continewe durynge the terme off hirr liff, with a futhir off haye yerely to be resavid of Robert Ogle of 
Halywell duringe the terme abovesaid. And also the said John Delavale sail geve als mykyll gyrsynge 
to the said Robert Coward as will fynd a sniawll nagg horse yerely continuynge the terme abovesaid. 
And 'att all thes condicions convencions and commands comprehenditt in thes indentures sal be well 
and trewly kepyd uppon both the partes, als well the said Robert and Alison as the foresaid Sir Rawff 
Herbottell, etc., to the parties off this indenture interchangeably has putte there seales, the day and yere 
above reheresyd.' 

A survey of Richard Ruthall's lands, taken in or about the year 
1573, shows that six hundred acres, or nearly one half of the township, 
was common pasture. This lay in part to the north of a newly enclosed 
piece of land called the New close, and also in Brereden, Brandlevs 
moor, West moor, and on both sides of the burn. Three husbandry tenants 
and three cottagers held land of Richard Ruthall at will. Particulars of 
their holdings are as follow : 

' Robert Ogle of Holywell, whose identity cannot otherwise be established, went bail to the king in 
1491-1492 for the good behaviour of Robert Widdrington of Swinburn to the bishop of Durham. 
^bth Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 56. 

'■^ ' Seynte Ninian, otherwise callede of commune peple Seynt Ronyon ;' fifteenth century translater 
of Higden, Polychronicon, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 135. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. On July 20th in the same year, Robert Coward and Alice Coward, 
Thomas Coward, John Johnson and John Battell gave bond to John Delaval in .£20, the condition 
being that the parties so bound should not 'from thensfurth serve, vexe, trobble, norr inquiete the above- 
namyd John Delavale, norr noon othir off his kyn, ffreyndes, norr servands, off norr forr the deth off 
William Coward, late husbande to the abovc-namyd Alison.' Ibid. 

Vol IX. 16 


Name of Tenant. Description of Holding, Rent. 

C s. d. 

William Taylor ... i messuage, i bain, i gailh of A acre, and 104 acres 3 roods of 268 

arable and meadow 
Arthur Taylor i tenement, i barn, 1 bake-house, i kiln, i yarth of i acre, i rood 268 

of enclosed arable at the west end of the town, and 116 acres 

and i rood of arable and meadow 
Christopher Taylor ... I tenement, 1 barn, i garth of i acre, and 104 acres 3 roods of 268 

arable and meadow 

Gawin Garrett ... i cottage and i garth of i rood 034 

William Phyllip ... „ „ „ ... ... ... ... ... 034 

John Mylborn ... „ „ „ ... ... ... ... ... 034 

[Vacant] ... ... i waste cottage and garth nil 

Sum £7 13 4 

Each husbandry tenant had common of pasture in the town fields 
after harvest according to the proportion of the tenants of the manor. 
Strips belonging to tenants of the Middleton moiety of the township lay 
intermingled with those of the Delaval moiety, since the duality of owner- 
ship had no counterpart at this time in the agricultural arrangements of 
the community. An examination of William Taylor's holding gives the 
following names of shetts ' or furlongs in the three open fields : 

[The West (?) field] : Nether shett in New closse, Myddle shett in the New closse. Upper shett 
in New closse, Shortland furlong, Laybrooke furlong, Broken-moore by the wood side, Myll flat, 
Nether shett next Brandes moor, benethe Over myll flatt, the shett above the middleway grundibalk 
on the north. 

The South field : the shett bynethe the myddle way, the hoighe shett benethe hoighe, FuIIow 
crooke next hoighe, the fielde called Whytchever, the owt feilde on Breerdon side, the furlong above 
the middle waye, under the hall-yards, the ester parte of the brigg waye, the nether shett otherwise 
called the ester shett of the owt feilde, the middle shett in the owt feilde, the furlong benethe the middle 
waye, the furlong next the pounder waye, the furlong under ye hedlond there. 

The North field : the furlong next the Mayden-well hoighe, the furlong called the northe crofte, 
the furlong over Morden waye, the furlong called Bleaken hyll, the furlong that wyndethe over the 
salt-man pythe, Rydwell hughe. Gammer reyns, the upper hoope of Collie houghe, the nether hoope of 
Collie houghe, the Croke leche of the west parte of the town of Hartley, Whitchever meede.' 

A second survey taken in 1573 gives the names and rentals of the 
various freeholders in the township, namely : Robert Delaval, £b 13s. 4d ; 
George Radcliff, ;^4 ; Richard Ruthall, £"] 12s.; Christopher Mitford, 
£"] I2S. ; Vincent Rutherford, £$ 6s. 4d. ; Robert Lawson, 13s. 4d. ; 
William Taylor, 17s.; the Queen, ^j} The crown lands were those 

' The word sheth is still used by farmers in this county to denote a portion of a large field 
cultivated separately. 

= Marquis of Waterford's MSS, ' Ihid. 


which had come into the king's hands upon the dissolution of Brinkburn 
priory. They had been leased by the prior and convent of that house 
on December 30th, 1535, to Sir John Delaval for sixty years.' Radcliffs 
lands were also occupied by Robert Delaval, having been conveyed to 
his grandfather, Sir John Delaval, by Sir Cuthbert Radcliflf on August 
1 2th, 1535, subject to a perpetual rent charge." 

Robert Delaval proceeded to buy out the other freeholders. On 
February i6th, 1574/5, Henry Mitford, son and heir of Christopher Mitford, 
conveyed to him his interest in a lease of Rutherford's two tenements in 
consideration of a payment of £20^] and on July 5th, 1575, he acquired 
Richard Ruthall's lands for _^"8o, subject to a yearly rent in perpetuity of 
£'] I2s.^ On January 4th, isisl^) he purchased the freehold lands of 
the said Henry Mitford for ^200.^ By way of rounding off his estate, 
Delaval purchased Robert Lawson's messuage and land on October 5th, 
1577, for £16.' 

' Land Revenue Enrolment Books, vol. i8o, fol. 143. The lease was renewed by the Crown to Robert 
Delaval for twenty-one years, reserving royalties, November 25th, 1587 ; Patent Rolls, 30 Eliz. pt. 9. It 
was afterwards surrendered by Robert Delaval, and on November nth, 1595, was re-granted to Robert 
Delaval with remainders to each of the grantee's three eldest sons in succession for the term of their 
respective lives {ibid. 37 Eliz. pt. 7). Granted in fee-farm on .\pril Sth, 1611, by James I. to John 
Eldred and George Whitmore {ibid. 9 Jas. I. pt. S), it was sold by them on July 9th, 1614, for ^230, to 
Sir Ralph Delaval (marquis of Waterford's MSS.), to whom his younger brothers, John Delaval and 
Robert Delaval, had by deeds dated respectively April 22nd, 1600, and April i6th, 1607, conveyed their 
interest in the lease of 1595 {ibid.). 

- Greemfich Hospital Deeds, Hartley, A. No. 3. The rent charge was assigned by Francis Radcliflf 
to Robert Delaval on August nth, 1595 ; ibid. No. 4. 

' The descent of this property, as it is to be gathered from the marquis of Waterford's MSS., is as 
follows : Thomas Rutherford of Middleton Hall married Janet Beadnell, and subsequently, without 
having obtained divorce from his first wife, married Margaret Selby, by whom he had, with other 
issue, a son, Georg:e Rutherford, who entered into possession of his father's lands. This George 
Rutherford leased his lands in Hartley, on October iSth, 1563, to Christopher Mitford of Newcastle for 
twenty-one years; but four years later the Council of the North, by an order dated June 20th, 1567, 
adjudged possession of Middletonhall, and the other lands of the deceased Thomas Rutherford, to John 
Rutherford, brother of the said Thomas, in respect of the illegitimacy of George Rutherford, the actual 
owner. John Rutherford permitted Mitford to remain tenant on sufferance, and gave him a bond in 
^100 for quiet possession. On the death of John Rutherford, his widow, Agnes Rutherford, and his son 
and heir, Vincent Rutherford, conveyed Middleton Hall, and their land in Hartley, Newton-by-the-Sea, 
and Bamburgh, to Sir John Forster, warden of the Middle Marches, covenanting by their indenture, 
which is dated July 9th, 1573, that these lands were of the clear yearly value of ^14 9s. 8d. In 1579 Sir 
John Forster re-conveyed the Hartley property, two messuages, three cottages, tofts and gardens, and 
two orchards, to Vincent Rutherford, who granted the same on March l6th, 13S0/1, to Thomas Swinhoc 
of Cornhill. On May 3rd, 1585, Thomas Swinhoe, then described as of Holy Island, sold his lands in 
Hartley for ^250 to Robert Delaval. The pedigree of Rutherford of Middleton-hall, as entered at 
Flower's Visitation of Yorkshire in I 562-1 563, is printed in Harl. Soc. vol. xvi. pp. 269-270. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. and Feet of Fines, Trinity, 22 Eliz. On December 31st, 1399, 
George Ruthall, son and heir of Richard Ruthall, sold his annuity to Robert Delaval and to Ralph 
Delaval, his son, for ^150. Ibid, and Feet of Fines, Easter, 42 Eliz. 

^ Marquis of Waterford's MSS. In 1596 Christopher Mitford was stated to have formerly held four 
tenements, which he kept in his own hands. Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society 
of Antiquaries. 

* Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


In a report made about the year 1596, Joshua Delaval has left on 
record the course of action adopted by his kinsman on obtaining control 
of the whole township. 

Hartley, beinge a great husbandrie towne, wherein Robert Delavale, esq., holdetli certaine lands of 
the queenc's niajestie by lease, yeldinge therfore yearlie about seven pounds rent, and wher also other 
freholders had lands and tenements, that is to say the Mitfurds' lands, the Ruthels' lands, and the 
Rutterfords' lands, and the Lawsons' lands, which lands and tenements about the i6 yeare of her 
majestie's reigne were in the tenure of 15 severall tenants at will of the lords, namelie John Stevenson, 
David Browne, Gawan Skipsey, Tho. Wardhaugh, \Vm. Tailor, Robt. Browne, Arthur Tailor, Christofer 
Tailor, Tho. Thompson, Robt. Swanne, Richd. .Shipley, Tho. Walton, Richd. Rugh, Richd. Wardhaugh, 
and John Howet, who were able men and kept ther 15 plowes ther going, 60 acres of arable land at least 
to every plowe, 20 acres in every feild, as the tenants affirme, and every of them sufficientlie furnished 
with horse and furniture to serve her majestie as they were called, and payed every one of them about 
40s. rent yearlie, as they said ; since which time the said Robt. Delavale at severall times purchased all 
the said freholders' lands and tenements, displaced all the said tenants, defaced their tenements, 
converted their tillage to pasture, beinge 720 acres of arable ground or their aboutts, and maid one 
demaine, whereon ther is but three plowes now kept by hinds and servants, besyde the 720 acres. So 
that wher ther was then in Hartley 15 serviceable men furnished with sufficient horse and furniture, 
ther is now not any, nor haith been this 20 yeares last past or theraboutts, which decay is to the great 
overthrowe of her majestie's servants and subjects, weekning of this cuntry, and defravvding her 
majestie's fermours of her tith corne and pettie tithes \vithin ye parishe of Tynemouth.' 

The court rolls substantially corroborate Joshua Delaval's account. 
Fourteen tenants at will are entered on the roll for 1570. Then follow 
seven years for which no court rolls have survived, and in 1578 the 
manor of Hartley is annexed to that of Seaton Delaval, a single court 
being held for both townships, at which the only suitors from Hartley are 
cottagers. No husbandry tenants are entered on the roll for 1578, 
neither do they occur on any subsequent roll. At the same time the 
eviction was not so thorough or disastrous as Joshua Delaval wished his 
readers to believe. In 1578 six new husbandry holdings were created in 
Seaton Delaval and were given to the Hartley farmers in exchange for 
their former holdings." Five others of the old tenants received cottages 
in Hartley,^ and only three appear to have left the village. 

' Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. On the other hand, 
according to the evidence of Edward Younger, taken before Henry Delaval on July ist, 1596, 
' ther was never more that went to ye wars but four out of Hartley, whose names be these, viz. : 
Tho. Walton, Tho. Wardhaugh, Robt. Hunter, John Stevenson. These four tenants did alwayes 
serve the prince and warden when they were called upon by Sir John Delavale to serve, being his 
owne tenants.' Ibid. 

' These si.\ tenants appeared on horseback at a muster of the Middle Marches held in 15S0 ; Cal. 
Border Papers, vol. i. p. 21. 

'Attendance at the lord's work continued to be prescribed for the cottagers of Hartley, but its 
enforcement was difficult, and in 1595 the cottagers were presented for having none of them given ' lez 
bounde day-work. Scatuii Delaval Court Rolls. 


Of the conversion of tillage into pasture there can be less doubt.' 
A general enclosure took place, obliterating the old communal system of 
open fields.^ Sir Ralph Delaval, son and heir of Robert Delaval, main- 
tained three plough teams and stocked the remainder of the township ; ^ 
but already, in 1610, he had begun to let some of his closes on seven- 
year leases, and when he died, in 1628, the whole township was divided 
up into farms which were let to the highest bidder, and new methods 
of farming destroyed the last remnants of medieval custom. 

Seaton Sluice. 
The Seaton burn, after flowing north-easterly and northerly past 
Hartley water mill, whin bushes studding the receding banks of the dene, 

' This, and the consequent loss of tithe, formed the subject of a letter written by Robert Helme, 
about the year 1598, to Henry, ninth earl of Northumberland, as follows : 

Sir,— Where your worship hath willed me to sett downe under my hande in wryting my knowledge 
as concernynge the tyeth come and grayne of Hartley in the county of Northumberland and parishe of 
Tynemouth, the truth ys that at my comynge to serve at Tynemouth the late earle of Northumberland 
my master, which is xxxix yeares since or therabouts, there was in the saide towne of Hartley xiij 
ploughes besides certeyne free land in the tenure of certeyne poor men ; in which town ther was 
diverse men that had land ther, as vSir John Delavale, knight, Christefor Midford of Newcastell, gent., 
Mr. Rowthall, the two tenements belonging to the queen's majestie as parcell of the late dissolved 
monastery of Brenkborne, Mr. Lawson of Upsall, the Rodderfords' land. The tyeth corne and grayne 
of the said lands and plowghes was from th'entry of the sayd late erle to be captayne of Tynemouth in 
th'ands and possession of the said late erle, and by him and his servants yerely gathered and browght to 
Tynemouth, whereof did accrewe and growe yerly great benefitt, till in or about the xv'|' year of her 
majestie's reigne that the nowe Mr. Robert Delavale, esq., did purchase and buy Mr. Midford's parte 
and the land which he had in the town, and after Rodderford's land, Rowthall's land, Mr. Lawson's 
land, and had a lease of the two tenements with th'apportenants of her majestie's ; and then, having by 
this meanes obteyned the whoale towne, he did displace the tennants, and putt them of, and layd the 
whoale toune in demayne, saving thre plowghes of his owne or four that he keapeth of his choice. 
Hereupon the late erle, fynding himself lik to be dampnified by this meanes of the benefyt of the tyeth 
corn ther, yt was told Mr. Delavale that the erle wold sue him. Wheruppon the said Mr. Delavale was 
contented to continewe the payement of xx'' a yeare as yt was letten unto him before when the towne 
was in full tilladge. And so he contynewed the payement of the said xx'' to me for his lordship's use 
long after the displacyng of the tennants, till and so long as I had any doyngs at Tynemouth, and payd 
th'arrerage after my dischardge to Mr. Fytton. And thus mutch ys all I know yerin. Per me, 
Ro: Helme. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 

- A survey of Hartley, taken in 1610, gives the names and acreage of the various fields within the 
township : Panne close, 6 acres ; Northe feyld, 116 acres ; Hungerringes by north ye brydge, 27 acres ; 
the towne yardes, 15 acres ; Lampet feld, 86 acres ; oxe pasture, 64 acres ; broken more caled Hinds 
meadow, 15 acres ; weste corne feld (tylled), 57 acres ; thistle feld, 76 acres ; Whitchever, 39 acres ; 
Fullow flatt, 24 acres ; Lowe Bryerden, 217 acres ; Brandlinge's moore, 19 acres ; o.xen lazers, 9 acres ; 
Peter's close, 17 acres; Highe Bryerden, 148 acres; Brockes intacke, 24 acres; great brockes, 177 
acres; total 1,134 acres. Marquis of Waterford's M.SS. The Pan-close, on the point east of the 
harbour, derived its name from the fact of being leased to salt owners, who in 1634 were paying £i rent 
for the same. Ibid. 

' In 1613 Sir Ralph Delaval noted in one of his estate-books: 'Brandlinge's inoore and Oxen 
lazers keept all the calves. My oxen of Hartley (beinge thirty-nine), my hyndes' kyne (bemge seven), 
my overman's one cowe, lay nightlye in Hartleye oxc-pasture, and on the day depastured along the 
Hungering bankes and the Sware to the Segg poole, together with the southe part of Hallywell 
dales. Whyll my oven were at woorke, the hyndes' and overman's kyne was onelye to depasture in 
Hors-poole close and bankes. Ibiil. A list of manorial servants in Hartley, drawn up by Thoinas 
Delaval in 162S, includes a steward, three hinds, a pounder, two barn men, millers, a coble wright, a fish 
carrier, a cutter, and a herd at Brierdean. Ibid. 



enters a wider bed, where water meadows lead up to wooded slopes. This 
is probably the great water pool called the Horse-pool, mentioned in the 
bounder of Hartley township, and the porous character of the alluvial soil 
appears to have given to the whole glen the name of Swallow -dene. 
Turning eastward under Hartley bridge, where, under the present roadway, 
may be seen the fragment of a bridge of sixteenth century or even earlier 
date, the burn passes on its right the site of Hartley salt pans, then turns 
northward again to avoid a bluff of rock running up from Hartley village, 
and winds through shifting sand banks to the sea.' 

'^^^ ^Sg*'^^'"^ 

Entrance to Seaton Sluice. 

Though Seaton occurs in a list of Northumbrian ports and creeks 
drawn up in 1565," it remained a purely natural harbour until Common- 
wealth times. The improvements which were then effected by Sir Ralph 
Uelaval, the first baronet, are well described by Roger North in his account 
of a visit paid by Lord Keeper Guilford to Seaton Delaval in 1676. 

' In a bounder of Seaton Delaval, given by Thomas Delaval about the year 1630, the bounds of that 
township on the south-east are given as the haven, Swallo-den beck, Hartley bridge, the horse-poole, 
and the water-mill. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. The bridge and the horse-pool recur in the earlier 
bounder of Hartley. Greenvile CoUins's chart in the Cvastiiig Pilot of 1693 shows the bridge and the 
salt pans; see Arch. Ael. second series, vol. xxiv. p. 230. The new bridge at Seaton Sluice was 
constructed in i88g. 

- Ach oj the Privy Council, 1558-1570, p. 289. 


From Tinmouth his lordship Ijy invitation went to dine at Seaton Delaval. Sir Ralph Delaval 
entertained us exceeding well, and not so much with eating and drinking, which appertains properly to 
the brute and not to the man, but with very ingenious discourse, and showing to us many curiosities of 
which he himself was author in that place. The chief remarkable there was a little port which that 
gentleman with great contrivance and after many disappointments made for securing small craft that 
carried out his salt and coal ; and he had been encouraged in it by King Charles the Second, who made 
him collector and surveyor of his own port, and no officer to intermeddle here.' It stands at the mouth 
of a rill, as it is called, of water, which running from the hills, had excavated a great hollow in the fall as 
it run. The ground at the sea is a hard impenetrable fiat rock ; and for cover of the vessels, which else 
in the rage must be dashed to pieces. Sir Ralph had built, or rather often rebuilt, a pier of stone 
that fended off the surge to the north-east, and at high tide gave entrance near a little promontory off 
the shear, turning in by the north ; and at low water the vessels lay dry upon the rock. This had been 
built of square stone, with and without cement, but all was heav'd away with the surge, and for a great 
while nothing could be found strong enough to hold against the lifting and sucking of the water. At 
length Sir Ralph, at an immense cost, bound every joint of the stone, not only laterally but upright, with 
dovetails of heart of oak let into the stone ; and that held effectually, for, if the stones were lifted up, 
they fell in their places again. This little harbour was apt to silt up with the sea-sand, for remedying of 
which he used the backwater of his rill, and that kept the channel always open ; and for that end he had 
an easy and sure device, which was sluice gates built across the channel of the rill, which during tide of 
flood were shut, and so the water gathered to a great head above till low water ; and then the sluices 
opened, let the gathered water come down all at once, which scoured away the sand that every tide 
lodged upon the rock, and washed it as clean as a marble table. All this we saw, with his salt pans at 
work about it, and the petit magazine of a marine trade upon the wharf And so he reaped the fruits of 
his great cost and invention ; and, if in the whole the profit did not answer the account, the pleasure 
of designing and executing, which is the most exquisite of all, did it.'-' 

Besides making the sluice, Sir Ralph Delaval planted a battery on 
the promontory commanding the harbour,^ Seaton Sluice became a place 
of some importance, and in 1670 it was annexed to the port of Newcastle,* 
being placed under the control of the custom-house officers at Blyth. 
Sir Ralph Delaval is stated to have spent ^^15,000 upon the sluice, besides 
building a second pier, towards which he was granted a privy seal for 
^1,500 by Charles II. At the time of the king's death he had received 
_^5oo in part payment, but the remaining ;^i,ooo was never paid. His 
son, Sir John Delaval, applied, in 1704, for the settlement of these arrears 
as a fund for the maintenance of the pier. Heavy storms had lately made 

' This grant was made to Sir Ralph Delaval in 1670, in consideration of his having spent £7,000 in 
making a sluice and harbour fit for the exportation of salt, coals and grindstones. Cnl. Statf Papers, 
Domestic, 1660-1670, p. 635. 

" North, Life of Lord Keeper Guilford, pp. 137-138. 

' Cal. State Papers, Domestic, 1667, p. 185. The battery is marked on Greenvile Collins's chart. 

' Ibid. 1660-1670, p. 634. The character of the trade at this time is illustrated by a letter written 
on November 23rd, 1671, by Lady Elizabeth Delaval to her brother, the duke of Richmond : 'Sir Ralph 
writ to you to desier you would make a proposition to Guildenlaw to send him into this harbour a ship 
loaden with Norway timber bought there at the cheapest rates ; and he would trafick with him if 
he pleased, ether store him with good English horses, fine breeding mares, or salt or cole,' Brit. Mus, 
Add. MSS. 21,948, fol. 136, 


the works ruinous, and they had been repaired by Sir Jolin Delaval at a 
cost of ;^500. Sir John was able to point to the increased revenue accruing 
to the Crown since the erection of the pier. Eight salt pans were now 
at work, and the excise on salt gave an average of ;^5,ooo. Upwards of 
1,400 chaldrons of coal had been exported in 1704 from Seaton Sluice.^ 
Sir John Delaval's memorial was submitted to the commissioners for the 
salt duty, who advised against making any allowance, on the ground that 
the duties on salt in general were not advanced by the number of salt pans 
at Seaton, for the vessels that loaded salt there might as well be supplied 
from other places on the coast of Durham and Northumberland, where the 
salt works were very numerous.^ 

Owing to pecuniary difficulties. Sir John Delaval was obliged in 1719 
to sell the bulk of his estates to his kinsman, Admiral George Delaval ; 
but he retained a life-interest in Hartley and Seaton Sluice, and on June 
loth, 1724, was party to a settlement of the reversion of those places 
upon Edward Delaval of Dissington for life, and, on the determination of 
that estate, upon Francis Blake Delaval, son and heir of the said Edward 
Delaval, and on his heirs in tail male. Under the terms of this settle- 
ment Hartley descended to Francis Blake Delaval, junior, son and heir 
of the above-mentioned Francis Blake Delaval, whose prodigality neces- 
sitated the vesting of Hartley and of the manors of Horton and Ford in 
John Hussey Delaval and Elisha Biscoe as trustees for uses (1756).^ 

John Hussey Delaval, brother of Francis Blake Delaval the younger, 
henceforward directed the management of the estates. He found the 
shallow depth of water in the old harbour productive of inconveniences,^ 
and resolved to make a new cut eastwards through the rock, with dock 

'Arch. Ael. second series, vol. x\iv. pp. 241-242; and Pyoc. Soc. Aiiiiq. Newcastle, second series, 
vol. V. p. 132, from Delaval MSS. in the possession of the society. 

■ Cal. Treasury Papers, 1702-1707, p. 438. 

' 'An Act for vesting divers Manors, Lands, and Hereditaments, part of the settled Estates of 
Francis Blake Delaval, esquire, in Trustees, for raising Money to pay off and discharge several Debts 
and Incumbrances, and for other Purposes therein mentioned.' 29 Geo. II. cap. xlix. On November 
7th, 1761, Elisha Biscoe made over his interest in the premisses to John Hussey Delaval. 

' The old method of loading is described by Greenvile Collins in his account of Seaton Sluice, 
written in i6g8 : 'Seaton Sluce lyeth five miles to the northward of Tinmouth castle and is a tide haven, 
where small ships enter to load coals. There is in the peer at high water on a spring tyde ten foot ; 
and at neap tydes, when the ships have not water enough out, they go into the road and there take 
in the rest of their loading, which is brought out to them in keels. There is good anchoring in the peer 
in four, five, six, and seven fathoms. It floweth here at full and change south-west by south. The water 
riseth at a spring tyde ten foot in the peer, and seven foot at a neap.' Greenvile Collins, Great Britain's 
Coasting Pilot, pt. ii. p. 12, 



gates at both ends, thus providing the harbour with an additional entrance, 
and at the same time forming a deep-water dock, where vessels could 
be loaded by spouts or cranes at all states of the tide. For the super- 
vision of the work he brought his brother, Thomas Delaval, over from 
Germany. The cut, thirtv feet wide, fifty-two feet deep and carried 
through nine hundred feet of rock, was begun in 1761 and opened on 
March 20th, 1764.' 

The Cut, Seaton Sluice. 

These improvements had been necessitated by the rapid growth of 
the Hartley coal trade, and by the establishment of copperas and glass 
works for the purpose of consuming the small coal of the pits." The 
manufacture of bottle glass became firmly established at Hartley under 
the energetic management of Thomas Delaval, who, in 1763, erected glass 

' Hutchinson, History o,' Northumbci-land, vol. ii. p. 334, The new harbour was deepened in 1772, 
and had then a depth of water of eleven to sixteen feet, and in spring- tides of seventeen or eighteen feet. 
MS. in the possession of the marquis of Waterford, entitled '.Memoirs for the natural and civil history of 
Ford and Flodden, Seaton and Doddington, 1770- 1772.' 

'^ See vol. viii. of this work, pp. 23-24. 

Vol. IX. 



houses there at his own cost,' and brought over trained workmen from 
Nienburg in Hanover." All the materials were at hand ; the black clay 
dug up on Seaton links, sea sand, kelp,^ and coal. Twenty-four glass- 
blowers were employed, and ten thousand bottles were turned out monthly."* 
By the discovery of a special kind of flux, for which he took out a patent 
in April, 1766,^ Thomas Delaval was enabled to commence the manufac- 
ture of a black ware, made of the refuse of the salt pans and other cheap 
ingredients, of which he wrote enthusiastically: 'we can make everything 
of it that is made in china or earthenware'.^ He also found that the 
local sand, being of a remarkably light colour, was fit for making window 
glass, and in February, 1767, converted one of his houses into a broad- 
glass manufactory.' 

A portion of the copperas, prepared from the iron pyrites or ' brasses ' 
found in the local coal-measures, was utilised in glass manufacture. The 
remainder was shipped to German and Dutch ports or to the London 
market. In 1766 Thomas Delaval obtained a patent for a new way of 
making gunpowder from pyrites and other ingredients,* but nothing more 
seems to have come of this. At one time he entertained an idea of 
using his copperas to make Prussian blue, but abandoned it on finding 
that this would not dispose of more than two tons of copperas yearly." 
Salt continued to be made at Hartley, and three hundred tons of this 
commodity were exported from the haven in 1776, as well as one hundred 
tons of copperas.'" 

' 'Memoirs for the history of Ford, etc' In 1771 Sir Francis Blake Delaval was empowered by 
a private Act of ParHament (11 Geo. III. cap. xi.) to grant to his brother, Thomas Delaval, four and a 
quarter acres of ground for a glass manufactory, the said piece of ground being described as abutting 
east on a piece of ground adjoining to the copperas w-orks, being forty-five yards in length from the 
Octagon, westward to the wall of the building on the top of the bank, and extending north and south 
the breadth of the quadrangular building. Under the provisions of the same Act, Sir Francis Blake 
Delaval received powers to grant to Thomas Delaval, on a lease of ninety-nine years, a further piece of 
land for the extension of the glass manufactory, and to make a similar lease of the copperas works 
to Sir John Hussey Delaval. 

- Charlton, Society in Northuinbcrlami in the Last Century, p. 22. 

■■' ' Sea-kelp, a weed that grows upon the rocks from Clifford's fort to Brierdean burn ; the weed is 
burnt on the adjacent ground and made into balls for the use of the allum works and glass-houses.' 
Brown's Survey of Tynemouthshire, 1754, from the duke of Northumberland's MSS. In 1674 Sir Ralph 
Delaval was deriving a rent from the kelp-burners of Hartley. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. In 
February, 1767, Thomas Delaval obtained a patent for a means of making kelp by burning seaweed 
while still wet, immediately after being cut from the rocks. Cut. Home Office Papers, 1766-1769, p. 267 ; 
6//; Deputy Keeper's Report, app. 2, p. 135. 

* ' Memoirs for the history of Ford, etc' 

' Cal. Home Office Papers, vol. ii. p. 129 ; 6lh Deputy Keeper's Report, app. 2, p. 134. 

" Marquis of Waterford's MSS. ' Ibid. ' Cat. Home Office Papers, 1766-1769, p. 129. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. '° Hutchinson, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 462. 



A small brickyard was made in 1766; a brewery was established; 
the local sandstone provided labour for quarrymen, and it seemed possible 
at one time that Hartley might become as well known for its paving stones 
and building stone as for its coal and bottles/ Even shipbuilding flourished 
for a time at Seaton Sluice," which at this time eclipsed the neighbouring 

Seaton Sluice from the Sea. 
From a painting hy Canuiihtie!. 

port of Blyth in the value of its shipping and the total of its exports. 
All this increase of trade encouraged Thomas Delaval to enlatge his 
plans. On September 19th, 1766, he wrote to his brother, Sir John 
Hussey Delaval : 

' ' By the sea near Seaton Delaval is a ffeestone accounted excellent both for colour and duration, of 
a whitish brown, with splendid micaceous particles.' Wallis, Noiihiimbfrlaiid, vol. i. p. 57. Tenders 
were made for supplying this stone to the builders of Blackfriars' bridge in London, but all attempts at 
getting hold of the London market appear to have failed. 

- Robinson, Delaval Papers, pp. 177-179. 


I should be ylad to have your sentiments on letting building leases at Hartley. I think, if it was 
agreeable, to enter upon a plan of this kind. We should soon see a large town start up, which 
might almost double the estate. This could be done under proper restrictions ; and, I think, without 
some such scheme, this place never can rise to that pitch which you, and I dare say all the family, would 
like it to do.' 

Thomas Delaval's scheme was never carried out. In 1772 he aban- 
doned his connexion with Hartley, and sold the glass houses to his 
brother, Sir John Hussey Delaval. Sir John, who was raised to the 
peerage in 1783, survived until the year 1808, when the glass houses, 
brewery, and copperas works went to his widow, Lady Delaval, and the 
colliery and salt pans to his only surviving brother, Edward Delaval, who 
likewise inherited the family estates of Seaton Delaval, Hartley and Horton. 
The copperas works, after being carried on for a time by Joseph Oxley 
of Ford, were closed about the year 1820. It was at about this date 
that salt ceased to be manufactured at Hartley. 

During the Napoleonic wars a blockhouse was erected on a ballast 
heap at Seaton Sluice, soldiers being sent from Tynemouth castle to do 
duty there ; and at the same time a battery of three eighteen-pounders 
was placed in a position commanding the harbour." 

On the death of Ladv Delaval in 1822, the bottle works were in- 
herited by Susanna, marchioness of Waterford, grand-daughter of Lord 
Delaval by his first marriage. The glass industry continued to flourish 
for a time, and an engine factory was started by Messrs. W. K. Horsley 
and Company about the year i860. But Seaton Sluice had already 
begun to decline as a port ; shipping was leaving it for new docks at 
Blyth and on the Tyne. In 1862 the fatal Hartley accident ruined the 
coal trade in this district. ^ Bottles continued to be made at Hartley 
for a few vears longer, but in 1870 the works were finally closed. In 
1894 the marquis of Waterford sold his property in Hartlev to Mr. 
Andrew Short of Choppington for ^3,050. Three years later the cones 
of the bottle works were demolished, and Seaton Sluice lost one of its 
familiar features. 

The place still retains many eighteenth-century buildings which give 
it a quaint picturesqueness — the ruined but still tenanted dovecote, the 
little brick Octagon, and the sombre glass-house square ; but the sluice 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. - Mackenzie, Nurtltuiiibcrliiiui, 1811, vol. ii. p. 50S. 

' See vol. viii. of this work, p. 32. 


is in ruins ; scattered stone-work chokes the j^ul ; the old factories and 

offices are deniolislied or converted to different uses ; ' and the adage 

has lost its point : 

Seaton Sluice and Hartley mill, 

The one turns round and the other stands still." 


A tract of comparatively level and featureless country, stretching 
along the coast northward from vSeaton Sluice to Maggie's burn, and in- 
land to the eastern limits of Horton, Cramlington, and Seghill townships, 
is included in the township of vSeaton Delaval. It embraces an area of 
2,792 acres, of which six acres are inland water, two acres are tidal water, 
and ninety-eight acres are foreshore ; and at the census of igoi it had a 
population of 4,987 inhabitants, resident, for the most part, in the modern 
hamlets of Seaton Delaval, New Delaval, and New Hartley.'' 

There can be little doubt that the township had originallv a wider 
area, and that it included all the land north of Holvwell dene, which is 
now reckoned as forming part of Hartley township.' The Seaton burn 
formed a natural boundary, and provided the inhabitants of Seaton with 

' It was in one of these offices that in 1S8S many papers of the Delaval family were found, includinjf 
the Delaval MSS. now in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries ; about three tons of 
accounts and other office papers relating- to the trade of Hartley and Seaton Sluice, acquired by the 
same society, which have not yet been sorted or rendered accessible ; a number of letters and papers 
printed by Mr. John Robinson in his Delaval Papers, and in the English Historical Review, vol. iv. 
pp. 749-753 ; and the manuscripts of the Delaval family calendared for the Historical Manuscripts 
Commission, in the sixth appendix to the thirteenth report. 

- Further information relative to Seaton -Sluice and its trade is given by Mr. \V. W. Tomlinson in 
Arch. Acl. 2nd series, vol. xxiv., and by Mr. John Robinson, Delaval Papers, pp. .157-192. The progress 
and decay of the little port are shown by the census returns for Hartley township, which are as follow : 
180 1, 1,639 ; 181 1, 1,872 ; 182 1, 1,795 '< i83'> ^S^o; 1841, 1,911 ; 1 851, 1,627 ; 1861, 1,567 ; 1871, 1,1 iS ; 
1881, 1,142 ; 1891, 1,112 ; 1901, 1,716. The recent rise of population is due to the resumption of colliery 
operations, for which see vol. viii. of this work, p. 32. 

■' The census returns for this township are: 1801,240; 1811,322; 1821.240; 1831,271; 1S41, 1,568; 
1851,2,726; 1861,2,876; 1871,2,620; 1881,3,801; 1891,4.096; 1901,4,987. 

' See above, p. 96. In 1704 Sir John Delaval, baronet, laid claim to this land, then known as 
the South moor, against Sir Edward Blackett of Seaton Delaval, baronet, and adduced as evidence 
that it lay in Hartley and not in Seaton Delaval township the fact that since 1677 the petty constable of 
Hartley had collected sesses from it, and that for thirty-eight years, that is since 1666, the gate on the 
West moor towards Seaton Delaval house had been called Hartley-moor gate. He also stated that, 
after the marriage of Sir Ralph Delaval, second baronet, it was agreed between him and his father, the 
first baronet, that in all assessments Seaton Delaval should be charged for eleven farms and Hartley for 
nine. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. These are the figures at which Seaton Delaval and Hartley 
were rated in the church books of Earsdon (namely, Seaton Delaval, II, and Hartley, 9,'ij) ; but the 
proportion appears to be arbitrary and does not correspond with the number of husbandry holdings 
previously existing in either township. 


the water-supply of which they must have been otherwise ahnost destitute.' 
In all probability Seaton Delaval township contained at one time over 
three thousand acres ; but only a small portion of this can have been 
cultivable. Barren sandhills and links still line the shore ; scrub covers 
the northern slopes of Holywell dene and, on every other side, a broad 
belt of moorland once separated Seaton Delaval from the neighbouring 

Indeterminate boundaries, such as these, had to be more closely defined. 
The township limits were carefully marked out by march stones, and were 
perambulated once or twice yearly by the tenants of Seaton Delaval.^ 
Bounders of Seaton Delaval and Whitridsre commons are entered on the 
court rolls for 1533, and are as follow : 

The bownder of the comon of the maner of Setoii Delavayle. The comon of Seton maner begyn- 
nelhe at the southe nooke called Hallywell strother,' bowndyng of the Noune-lands, cumyng norlhe 
oute the strother whillis it cum to the fir syde of the Stobytt-flatt, and west abowte Stobytt-flatt to the 
noithe lands to Muslaye ryggis ;' from Muslaye ryggs to the lonyng ; from the lonyng to Bassenden 
butts, and down the coman to the borne, and the foresayd lord's cattell to stand and drynke whylis the 
herd hath sett over iiij clowts over his schone. From that place west thorow Blakla flat whyll they 
come to Seell border; from that place to Blakla-stan; from Blakla- stan north-est to the Eryns-lawe ; 
from Eryns-lawe to the Brom-hyll— the hyll s'atjdyng to the southe syde of Seell waye, apon wyche 
comon the towneshypp of Halewyll hath a rake with iiij"'' hede of note, for every note lackyng iiij schepe ; 
and that to be stynttyd by the towneschyppe of Seton. 

The bownder of Wyterage. The coman of Wyterage from Wyterage be Ryschpull, and southe 
owte the Agge whyll ye come owte to the southewest syde of Blakla flatt, then downe betwext Seell and 
Wyterage down Lenlache ; from Lenlache north owt to Cramlyngton. lache whylys they come to the 
marks betwexth Whytterage and Styklaye ; from Styklaye stone to Burnes know ; from Burns knowe 
to the Lamlays ; from the Lamlays to the stone of the over syde of Horton waye ; from stone of Horton 
waye to the stone of th'over syde of Whytt's park ; from that place to the standyng stone of the south- 

' There were several wells in the township, and strict regulations had to be made to prevent them 
from being fouled. In 1516 'it is ordeyned that no maner of person weyss no cloythez in the est well of 
Seton, ner yett in no playce abowtt it wher as any waytter ryne into it agayne, under the payne of 6d. 
for every tyme, and nortt to tery no courte.' In 1525 a pain was made that no one should wash at the 
well, but that the tenants should make a ditch before it for the space of forty feet to draw water from 
the well where they could wash. In 15S0 'it ys agreed unto by the tenants of Seaton Delaval that the 
Lumbart well shall be clenged frome tyme to tyme and dene kept so often as nede shall require, 
sub pcna, 4d.' In 15S4 the tenants of Seaton were directed to cleanse the east well twice yearly under 
pain of 6d. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. See also the reference to Lysden wells in the bounder of 
Whitridge common. In 1387 there was a 'payne laide that all water-gaites and courses of water aboute 
the towne which haithe bene accustomed to be kept open, shal be opened and clenged yerelie at or 
before Michelmas, upon payne I2d.' Ibid. 

' ' Payne laid that the tenants of Seatone shall ryde or goe the bownders within this lordship x or xij 
daies next after this court, sub peiia iij'. iiij''., and before every court hereafter upon the same payne, or 
upon Sainct Mark's dale yerelie upon the same payne.' Ibid. 1584. 

' ' It ys agreed that the tenants of Hallywell shall sufficientlie repaire and make up the bounder 
and marche-dicke or hedge at the Strother, and the same maynteyne and uphold in good and sufficient 
reparacion, s»i /"irjuf iij'. iiij'V Ibid. 1580. 

' This is probably the 'cultura de Muscrlawe ' in Holywell which occurs in a fine taken in 1208 ; 
see above, p. 76 note. For the Nuns' lands see p. 77. 


west newk of Whytt's park ; from the standyng stone nortlie owt to Lysden lache ; clown Lysden lache 
whyll ye come at Lysden wellys, and over at Lysden wellys and up the dyke to the standen stene 
of VVhytt Lysden, and then down throwe the Lange brocks, iiij ryggs from the hedclands to the Horse 
clowse newk of Newsam, and south the rowe to the Schlatford.' 

In earlv times the main road leading to vSeaton Delaval was probably 
that known as the Castle way, which ran through Holywell, Backworth, 
and Killingworth to Newcastle." The high road from Tynemouth to Bed- 
lington followed the line of the North Shields and Morpeth turnpike 
over what was then Seaton Delaval common/ between Seaton Terrace and 
North Moor Edge, and was met at Whitridge, now Wheatridge farm, near 
Seaton Delaval station, by a track from Seghill. A coast road to Blyth 
led north over Hartley bridge to the ' vSchlat-ford ' across Meggie's burn, 
then called the Black burn, a little to the north of Gloucester lodge ;* and 
an old road probably followed the line of the present footpath from Seaton 
northward, parallel to the Lysdon biu-n, past Lysdon to Newsham, and 
so formed a continuation of the Castle way.'* 

History of the Delaval Family." 

The family of Delaval, or De la Val, whose name has become so 
closely associated with this township, was settled, in the first half of the 
eleventh century in Lower Maine. There, in the valley of the Mayenne, 
Guy de la Val II. built his castle of La Val.' By his first wife, Bertha, he 
had two sons, John and Hamo. When thirty years of age, the elder son 
retired to the monastery of Marmoutier, whereby Hamo de la Val became 
heir to his father's lordship.* Hamo is asserted to have joined in the 
conquest of England, and to have left two sons, of whom the younger, 
named Hugh, became a canon at Le Mans ; the elder, Guy de la Val HL 
married a daughter of Robert, earl of Mortain, the half-brother of William 

' Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. ^ See above, pp. 26, 77. ^ See vol. viii. of this work, pp. 317-318. 

* Gloucester lodge formed the headquarters of Prince William of Gloucester, resident commander of 
the volunteer corps encamped at Hartley during the war scare of 1795. 

^This last is perhaps 'the brode waye betwixt Hollewell loning end and Whete-leche' where the 
tenants of Seaton Delaval were, in 1572, forbidden to cut whins. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

° The reader is referred to the accompanying pedigrees for full genealogical particulars regarding 
the Delaval family, many of which are necessarily omitted from the te.xt. See also an account of the 
family contributed by the Rev. E. H. Adamson to Arch. Ael. 2nd series, vol. xii. pp. 215-228. 

' 'Castri Vallis conditor et possessor.' See ' Chronologic historique des sires, puis comtes, de Laval,' 
based on a manuscript history of the se\'enteenth century and printed in L'Art de verifier les Dates, vol. 
xiii. pp. 10S-141. 

' Round, Documents preserved in France, pp. 422, 424-425. 


the Conqueror,' and left descendants who phiyed an active part in the 
history of Maine, Anjou, and Brittany in the twelfth century. This main 
stem died out in the ma^e Hue about the year 12 13, when the name and 
estates of I)e la Val were inherited bv the Montmorencis. 

When, in a return of feudal service made in 12 12, it was stated that the 
ancestors of Gilbert Delaval had held the barony of Callerton since the 
Conquest,- the phrase is not to be taken as applying to 1066, or any other 
particular year, but to the period of thirty years which elapsed between 
the battle of Hastings and the abolition of the Northumbrian earldom in 
1095. That a certain Hubert Delaval was one of Mowbray's knights is 
known from other sources. He conferred upon the prior and convent of 
Tynemouth the tithes of his manors of Callerton, Dissington, and Seaton, 
as appears from a ratification of the deed by Henry I.;' and these and 
other tithes recur in another charter of the same monarch, confirming to 
the prior and convent the tithes granted to them by Robert de Mowbray 
and his men.'' He may be presumed to have been a kinsman of Hamo 
Delaval, although no connexion can be traced. 

The extent of the barony, as given bv implication in Hubert Delaval's 
grant of tithes, agrees with later returns. Callerton, called Black Caller- 
ton to distinguish it from its neighbour (Callerton Darrayns) in the barony 
of Mitford, formed with Dissington one portion of the barony ; and Seaton 
Delaval with its hamlet of Newsham formed a second detached portion. 
Dissington is a name given to two townships ; North Dissington remained 
Delaval property until the close of the seventeenth century ; South 
Dissington was granted in early times to Tynemouth priory, though in or 
about 1 610 it was re-acquired by the Delaval owner of North Dissington. 
In the St. Alban's book of benefactors, the grant of South Dissington is 
derived from William Delaval.' Allowing for possible error as to the 

I \i , 

Robert de Torigny in Chroniiics of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II. and Richard I., Rolls Series, 
vol. IV. p. 201. 

"See the return printed in Arch. Ael. 2nd serias, vol. xxv. p. 15;. The only other Northumbrian 
baronies dating from this early period are those of Merlay, Bertram of Mitford, Bolain, and the drengage 
holding of Dilston. 

' Henricus, re.x Angliae, Ranulfo episcopo Dunelni' et Alfrico et Liulfo vicecomitibus, salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Deo et sancte Marie et sancto Oswino et abbati de sancto Albano 
decimas quas Hubertus de la Vail ante dederat monachis de Tinemutha, scilicet de Setona, de 
Calverdona et de IJiscingtona. Et volo ac precipio ut bene et intes^re in nfea pace teneant eas, et quod 
nullus super eis injuriam faciat. Teste Nigello de .•\lbeneo. Apud Wyntoniam. St. Alban's Register, 
fol. 116, from Dodsworth's transcripts. See vol. viii. of this work, p. 55 (10). 

' See vol. viii. of this work, p. 49, note 2, and p. 55(11). * Ibid. p. 49, note i. 


name of the grantor, the entry may be taken as evidence of the fact that 
South Dissington also was originally a member of the Delaval barony.' 
Callerton was possibly the original head of the barony, but in the thirteenth 
century the family residence became definitely fixed at Seaton." 

The barony was held by the service of two knights' fees,' and by the 
payment of two marks yearly, on the Sunday next after the feast of St. Cuth- 
bert, for the ward of the castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.'' As in the case of 
other baronies holding by castle ward, the lord of Seaton Delaval was re- 
quired to repair, maintain, and if necessary newly construct, a certain house 
within the castle.' A curious example of serjeanty is to be found in the 
case of Callerton, which was returned in 1332 as being held by the service 
of finding four men-at-arms, with four horses and trappings, for the Gascon 
war." This service, however, cannot be earlier than the reign of Henry III., 
and may be of later origin. The sum of 3s. 4d. was due for cornage from 
the barony,' payable on the Sunday next before the feast of St. Cuthbert in 
September.* Suit was required every sixth week at the county court." 

Hubert Delaval was succeeded in the possession of the barony by his 
son Robert. In addition to his father's lands, Robert Delaval held the 
manor of Eachwick from the Bolbecs, and joined his mother Richilda in 
granting a moiety of that manor to the prior and convent of Hexham."* 

' In the return made for the Delaval barony in 1212, it is stated, 'De tenemento isto nihil alienatmii 
est, vel datum per marritagium vel elemosinam, vel aliquo alio modo, unde dominus rex minus habeat de 
servitio suo.' Arch. AeL 2nd series, vol. xxv. p. 155. The force of this statement lies in its last 
clause. The king did not concern himself with alienations, so long as the portion retained was sufficient 
to bear all feudal obligations formerly incumbent upon the whole fief. 

- The baronv is styled ' baronia de Calverdona' in the return of 1212 (ibid.). On the other hand, 
Robert, son of Hubert Delaval, is named Robert de Seton by Richard of Hexhatn ; Raine, Hexham 
Priory, vol. i. (Surt. Soc. No. 44), p. 59. 

^ Carta Geleberti de Lanval (1166). Venerabili domino suo Henrico, regi Angliae, Gilebertus de 
Lanval, salutem. Sciatis, domine mi, quod antecessores mei tempore regis Henrici, ayi vestri, tenuerunt 
feodum duorum militum ; et ego modo vestri gratia illud teneo. De eodem feodo quidem miles de me 
tenet quartam partem unius militis. Valete. Red Book of the Exchequer, Rolls Series, p. 442. 

* Ibid. pp. 606, 712 ; Rot. Lit. Clans. Record Com. vol. i. p. 466. It seems that Callerton was 
reckoned at one fee, and Seaton Delaval and Dissington at one fee, for the proportion of castle 
ward to which Callerton w^as subject amounted to one mark. Inq. p. m. 6 Edw. III. pt. ii. No. 20. In 
1388 Seaton Delaval, North Dissington, and the moiety of Hartley were returned as paying sixteen 
shillings for castle ward on the feast of St. James. Inq. p. m. 12 Rich. II. No. 54. 

'" Cat. Close Rolls, 1333- 1337, p. 646. 

' Inq. p. m. 6 Edw. III. pt. ii. No. 20. ' Red Book of the Excheqtter, p. 713. 

' Inq. p. m. 24 Edw. III. pt. i. No. 104. Of this sum is. 2id. {ibid.) or is. 4d. (/"(/. p. m. 6 Edw. III. 
pt. ii. No. 20) was due for Callerton ; and 2s. S|d. for the other townships of the barony and the 
township of Hartley {Inq. p. m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67). 

° Inq. cit. nit. While the'inquisitions of the fourteenth century are useful as throwing light upon the 
tenure of the twelfth, it must be remembered that some services had then acquired a greater fixity than 
they originally possessed. 

'" Hexham Priory, vol. ii. (Surt. Soc. No. 46), p. 114. 

Vol. IX. 18 


In 1 161 the Delaval barony was in the hands of Hugh fitz Roger, 
who was assessed for the scutages of 1161, 1162, and 1165,' and received 
from Henry H. a grant of free warren in Seaton, Callerton, and Holywell.' 
Hugh fitz Roger's lineage is far from clear. The surname of Delaval, 
though borne by all his descendants as well as by his predecessors, Hubert 
and Robert, does not appear to have been assumed by him ; but as his 
son, Gilbert Delaval, claimed descent from the earlier line, it seems 
probable that Hugh fitz Roger acquired the barony bv marriage with an 
heiress, and that the descendants of Hubert Delaval died out in the male 
line within a century of the Conquest, a fate which befel many, if not 
the maiority, of Norman families in England. 

Beyond the fact that Margaret Delaval, grand-daughter of Hugh fitz 
Roger, claimed kinship with the Bolams,' there is no direct evidence of 
Hugh fitz Roger's alliance with other baronial families. Another of his 
grandchildren. Sir Eustace Delaval, was returned in 1240 as holding Holy- 
well of the Baliols quit of all service, in jure maritagii. But it is possible 
that the connexion with the Baliols implied in that phrase was of earlier 
date than 1240. Hugh fitz Roger and his son, Gilbert Delaval, also 
held the Baliol manor of Holywell, which cannot be proved to have been 
owned by their predecessors ; and the occurrence of the common Christian 
names of the Baliol familv among the immediate descendants of Hugh fitz 
Roger — Hugh, Eustace, John, and Engeram — suggests that the second 
house of Delaval may have sprung from a Baliol stock. 

Hugh fitz Roger died in 11 66, and was succeeded by his son, Gilbert 
Delaval, who made a return for his barony in the inquest held in that 
year. No mention, however, is made in the Pipe Rolls of any sum paid 
by him for relief on entering into his father's estate. Beyond the fact 
that he attended the muster held at Carlisle in 1187, preparatory to the 
projected expedition into Galway, few facts are known of his early life.* 
In 1 201 Gilbert Delaval was one of the barons who joined in the refusal to 
accompany King John on his expedition into Normandy until they should 
have received satisfaction for their grievances ; an episode of importance 

' Pipe Rolls, ed. Hodgson, pp. 5, 8, 300. - Placita de quo warranto, Record Com. p. 589. 

' Newminstcr Chartiilary, Surt. Soc. No. 66, pp. 1S0-1S2. See also below under Cowpen. 

'He was e.NCused payment of the Gahvay scutage ; Pipe Rolls, p. i^2. In 11 76 he was fined ten 
marks for a final concord made wrongfully by him {ibid. p. 25). He was fined two marks in II 78 for 
making a groundless suit {ibid. p. 29), and three marks for concealing pleas of the Crown and two 
marks for a final concord in 1185 {ibid. p. 38). See also above, pp. 73, 75, 99, and below under Newsham, 


as being the precursor of the constitutional crisis of 1213-1215. John 
retorted by seizing the castles of the rebellious barons and taking their 
sons with him as hostages on his expedition. Besides giving up his son, 
Delaval was obliged to pay the large fine of a palfrey and a hundred 
marks, and to find pledges for the amount. His sureties were Richard 
de Umframville, Roger de Merlay, Robert de Muscamp, Nicholas de Mor- 
wick, John Viscount, and John fitz Hugh.' The presence of his son in 
the king's army may account for the fact that he was not called upon to 
pay scutage on the Norman and Poitevin expeditions of 1201, 1202, 1203, 
or 1206." He, or one of his family, served in person in the Scottish 
campaign of 12 11.' 

In 1 2 13 the discontented barons found a fresh occasion for setting 
themselves in opposition to the king's wishes. King John had summoned 
the feudal host for an expedition to Poitou, whither the northern barons 
refused to accompany him, alleging that their tenure did not bind them to 
foreign service. There may have been some foundation for their statement 
and it is possible that their attendance in John's earlier campaigns was not 
altogether voluntary. A temporary reconciliation was only arranged through 
the interposition of Cardinal Nicholas.* During John's absence in Poitou, 
the malcontents met at Bury St. Edmunds, where they engaged themselves to 
force the king to reform the liberty of the Church and of the realm, and to 
abolish evil customs.* On his return John attempted to force a scutage upon 
those barons who had refused to follow him. He was in the main successful. 
With the exception of Eustace de Vesci, who remained recalcitrant, all 
the Northumbrian barons, including Gilbert Delaval, were forced to pay." 

Discontent was growing to a head. In Easter week of 12 15 (April 19th 
to 26th) the northern barons met at Stamfordham. Their names have been 
recorded. The majority came from Yorkshire ; but there was a strong 
Northumbrian element, comprising Eustace de Vesci, Robert de Ros, John 

' Rotidi de ohlatis et finibus, Record Com. p. 112. An erroneous reason for the fine, ' quare malus 
placitator est,' is entered and crossed out. The cause of contumacy is given by Roger of Hoveden, 
Chronica, Rolls Series, vol. iv. p. 161. 

-Pipe Rolls, pp. 79, 81, 85, 96. He paid scutage, however, for the abortive e.xpedition of 1205 ; 
ibid. p. 89. 

' Ibid. p. 1 1 1. He paid his fine for the Welsh campaign of the same year. 

' Ralph de Coggeshale, Chronicun Anglicanum, Rolls Series, p. 167. ^ Ibid. p. 170. 

° Pipe Rolls, p. 117. The disturbed state of Northumberland is illustrated by the fact that there are 
no Pipe Rolls for that county for the years 121 2 or 1213. The roll printed by Hodgson for 1213 belongs 
to the year 121 1. 



fitz Robert, William Mauduit and Gilbert Delaval.' John had full warning 
of their approach. On March 30th he wrote to Delaval commanding him 
to deliver back to the sheriff, Philip de Ulcotes, the hostages who had been 
restored to him.^ From Eastertide the movement lost its local character 
and became thoroughly national. The northerners needed the support of the 
Church and of the constitutional party among the barons before they could 
extort from John the Great Charter of Liberties at Runnymede. But the 
movement had its origin in the grievances of certain barons north of the 
Humber ; and the constitutional crisis that created Magna Charta grew 
from a doubtful point of Northumbrian land tenure. 

No sooner was Magna Charta signed than both parties prepared for 
civil war. Indeed many of the northerners hurried away before the terms 
of the charter had been finally settled.' In many counties the royal officers 
were dispossessed and the barons put members of their own party in charge 
of the administration. In Northumberland, where Robert de Ros assumed 
command,^ the absence of Pipe Rolls for four consecutive years (12 15-12 18) 
shows that local administration passed out of the hands of the king's officers. 
The barons of that county invited Alexander II., king of Scotland, to resume 
his father's earldom, and did him homage at Felton on October 2 2nd.^ 
In the following January their punishment came. The baronial leaders 
submitted or fled at John's approach, their castles were captured and the 
country ravaged. What course Gilbert Delaval adopted is unknown. On 
January 9th the king marched from Newcastle to Bedlington," possibly by 
way of Seaton Delaval ; but no stay was made there, and it is improbable 
that Delaval possessed a stronghold that required to be reduced. 

When John had departed, the Northumbrians again threw themselves 
into the hands of the Scottish king, and more than two years elapsed before 
the county was brought back to its allegiance. Among the rebels who then 
obtained pardon and restoration to their estates was Robert Delaval, a 
younger son of Gilbert Delaval.' 

' Roger of Wendover, Flores Historiarum, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 114. 

■ Rot. Lit. Clans. Record Com. vol. i. p. 192. 

'' Walter of Coventry, Memorialc, Rolls Series, vol. ii. p. 222. ' Ibid. p. 224. 

' Chronicon de Mailros, Bannatyne Club, p. 121. " Hardy, Description of the Patent Rolls, Record Com. 

' Robert Delaval received pardon on October 30th, 1217. Other Northumbrians to whom pardons 
were granted at the same time were Richard Bertram, Thomas de burgo, William Deslint' (de Eslinton), 
William Bataill, John de Tritlingetun, Mabel de Cler", Gilbert de Hanvill, William de Elsintun, Robert 
de Glentestun, Gilbert Ansard, Jordan Heyrun, William de Merlay, Roger de Merlay, Alice de Stutevill, 
John de Wisdeslade, and William de Mudden. Rot. Lit. Claus. Record Com. vol. i. pp. 338, 340, 341. 


Alth-ough there is no record of a pardon granted to Gilbert Delaval, he 
evidently made his peace with Henry III. In 12 19 he served on a com- 
mission of enquiry into essarts in the royal forests of Northumberland.' 
He served in person or by proxy in the Welsh campaign of 1223,- and 
possibly assisted in the siege of Faukes de Breaute's stronghold of Bedford 
in the following year.' He died about the year 1229, having held his barony 
for sixty-three years. Though lacking territorial influence, he had played an 
important part in national politics, and he left behind him a considerable 
family provided with estates in various parts of the county. The eldest son. 
Sir Eustace Delaval, succeeded to his father's lands. Sir Henrv Delaval had 
two carucates in Newsham as a younger son's portion, and had also been 
enfeoffed of half of the Bolbec manor of Benvvell, besides acquiring by 
marriage a moiety of the considerable estates of Robert de Biddleston, and 
by purchase a small property at Slaley.^ Robert Delaval held one of the 
thirty fees of the Baliol barony.* John Delaval, another son, had an annual 
rent-charge of seven marks upon the family estate." Engeram Delaval be- 
came a monk, and died at a comparatively early age as conventual prior in 
the abbey church of St. Alban's. 

Sir Eustace Delaval sat on two commissions of enquiry into the state 
of fortifications in the county,' and on several occasions acted as justice of 
assize.* Besides granting a quarter of the manor of Hartley to the prior and 
convent of Brinkburn, he endowed St. Bartholomew's nunnerv in Newcastle 
with a perpetual rent-charge of eight shillings out of his estates.' He 
appears to have taken part in the Welsh war of 1246,'" and in the Scottish 
campaign of 1258, in which he met his death. 

Sir Eustace Delaval died childless, whereupon his brother. Sir Henry 
Delaval, succeeded to the barony. Sir Henry was a man of property, and 
had already filled various important offices, having served as commissioner 
for the delineation of the marches in 1246,'' and as justice of assize in 1250, 
while in 1251 he had been appointed escheator for the county, an office 

' Patent Rolls, 1216-1255, p. 2ig. - Pipe Rolls, p. 137. 

^ Ibid. p. 141. He was then remitted scutage on one of his two fees by the king's writ. 

* Three Northttmbyian Assize Rolls, Surt. Soc. No. 88, pp. 29-30. 

* Pipe Rolls, p. 120. ° Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. i. p. 1 12. 

' In 1241 and 1246, Close Rolls, 25 Hen. HI. m. 16 d. and 30 Hen. III. m. 14. 
' In 1238, 1247, 1248, and 1250. " Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. i. p. 112. 

'" He received quittance from the scutage of Gannoc in 1246 ; Pipe Rolls, p. 212. 
" Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 313. 


which he held until his death. He had acted with John de Halton as 
assessor and collector of the tallage of 1252/ was again justice of assize 
in 1259 and in 1261, and died in or before 1270. The altar tomb in 
Seaton Delaval chapel possibly commemorates this knight or his elder 
brother ; the face of the effigy is powerful, and is evidently a portrait of 
the deceased. 

Sir Henry Delaval had outlived his eldest son, Eustace Delaval, and 
was succeeded by his grandson, Robert Delaval H., a minor. The marriage 
of the young heir was granted on May loth, 1270, to Robert de Nevill, and 
a grant of the custody of his lands was made two days later to Sir William 
de Chabeneys and Osbert de Augo.^ On September 30th Chabeneys made 
over his newly acquired rights to Nevill,' who subsequently sold both 
wardship and marriage to Sir Guischard de Charron of Horton.* 

Robert Delaval II. lost his life at the battle of Stirling, September iith, 
1297, in which fight his young cousin. Sir Robert Delaval III., was taken 
prisoner. The latter was eldest son and heir to Sir Hugh Delaval of 
Newsham by a second marriage, and grandson of Sir Henry Delaval. In 
131 1, on the death of Margery de Smytheton, sister and heiress of Robert 
Delaval II., he succeeded to the family estates. He gave proof of his 
loyalty to Edward II. by garrisoning Tynemouth priory at considerable 
cost in 1 31 7, and defending the place against the attacks of Gilbert de 
Middleton.** In 1326 he received custody of all places along the coast 
between the liberty of Tynemouth and the river of Blyth." 

By his wife Alice, daughter of Sir William de Felton, Sir Robert 
Delaval III. was father of three sons, William, Robert and William junior, 
upon whom he settled in his lifetime a considerable portion of his estates. 
The manors of Brandon in Eglingham and Dukesfield in Slaley, and ap- 
parently a moiety of that of Biddleston, were settled upon the elder 

' Close Rolls, 36 Hen. III. in. 19 d. = Put. Rolls, 54 Hen. III. m. 7 and 15. 

' Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. ii. p. 156. * Three Northumberland Assize Rolls, p. 354. 

' A nostra seyngnur le roi et a son conseyl monstre son bacheler Robert de la Vale que, come il fu 
prise en son servys a la bataille d'Estryvelyne et reynt hors de meynes de les enemys d'Escocz pur cynk 
centz marcs, et puys touz ces terres destrutz par les enemys et ars, par quel il ne peot de eux nule profyt 
prendre ; e auxi la meson de Tyneniuth par le dit Robert et par ces gentz et par ces grantz coustages sy 
ad este meyntenu countre nionsire Gilbert de Middelton et sa sute, tout le temps pusque le dit monsire 
Gilbert leva encountre le roi, issi qe rien est remyse au dit Robert par quei il peot estre soustenu ; 
dount il prie que il pleise au dit nostre seyngnur le roi granter et doner au dit Robert ascun parti de 
vitailles pur sa soustenaunce a prendre de son vitailler au Neof chastell sur Tyne. Ancient Petitions, 
No. 3,994. 

'^ Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1324-1327, p. 210. The commission was renewed to him on August 19th, 1335 ; 
Rut. Scutiae, Record Com., vol. i. p. 374. 


William and William's first wife, Ellen de Leybourne, in tail in 1322.' 
There was no issue by this marriage, and when William Delaval married 
a second time in 1333, his father granted to him and his second wife in 
tail the manor of Callerton, and, subject to the life-interest of the settler, 
the manors of Seaton Delaval and Dissington, and the moiety of Hartley.^ 
In 1349 Sir Robert Delaval III. settled upon his youngest son. Sir William 
Delaval, junior, his lands in Benvvell, in tail male, with remainder to his 

' Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego, Robertus de la \'ale, dedi, concessi, et hac presenti carta con- 
firmavi, Willelmo, filio meo primogenito, et Elene, filie domini Roberti de Leybourn, maneria de Brandon 
et Dokesfeld cum pertinenciis in comitatu Northumbr', habenda et tenenda de me et heredibus meis 
predictis Willehno et Elene et heredibus de corporibus suis legitime procreatis, libera, quiete, bene et in 
pace, reddendo inde annuatim michi et heredibus meis unam rosam ad festum Nativitatis sancti Johannis 
Baptiste, et capitalibus dominis feodi illius pro me et heredibus meis alia servicia inde debita et consueta. 
Et si contingat quod predicti Willelmus et Elena obierint sine herede de corporibus suis legitime 
procreato, tunc, post decessum ipsorum Willelmi et Elene, predicta maneria cum pertinenciis michi dicto 
Roberto de la \'ale et heredibus meis integre revertabunt. Et ego vero, predictus Robertus de la Vale, et 
heredes mei predicta maneria cum pertinenciis prefatis Willelmo et Elene et heredibus de corporibus 
suis legitime procreatis contra omnes gentes warantizabimus, acquietabimus, et imperpetuum defendemus. 
In cuius rei testimonium huic carte sigillum meum apposui. Dataapud Eboracum die mercuric proxima 
ante festum Ascensionis Domini, anno regni regis Edwardi, filii regis Edwardi, quintodecimo. Close Roll, 
15 Edw. II., m. 10 d. 

'' Hec est finalis concordia facta, etc., in octabis Purificacionis beate Marie, anno regni regis Edwardi 

tercii a conquestu septimo, inter Willelmum de la Vale et Agnetem uxorem ejus, 

querentes, et Robertum de la Vale, deforciantem, de maneria de Callerdon cum pertinenciis, unde placitum 
convencionis summonitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predictus Willelmus recognovit 
predictum manerium cum pertinenciis esse jus ipsius Roberti, ut illud quod idem Robertus habet de dono 
predicti Willelmi. Et pro hac recognicione, fine et concordia, idem Robertus concessit predictis Willelmo 
et Agneti predictum manerium cum pertinenciis, et illud eis reddidit in eadem curia, habendum et tenen- 
dum eisdem Willelmo et Agneti, et heredibus de corporibus ipsorum Willelmi et Agnetis exeuntibus, de 

domino rege Et hec concordia facta fuit per preceptum ipsius domini regis. Feet of 

Fines, Northumberland, Edward III. No. 24. 

Hec est finalis concordia facta, etc., in octabis Purificacionis beate Marie, anno regni regis Edwardi 
tercii a conquestu septimo, .... inter Johannem de Seton capellanum querentem et Robertum de 
la Vale deforciantem, de maneriis de Seton et Dissyngton cum pertinenciis, unde placitum convencionis 
summonitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predictus Robertus recognovit predicta maneria 
cum pertinenciis esse jus ipsius Johannis, ut ilia que idem Johannes habet de dono predicti Roberti. Et 
pro hac recognicione, fine et concordia, idem Johannes concessit predicto Roberto predicta maneria cum 
pertinenciis, et ilia ei reddidit in eadem curia, habenda et tenenda eidem Roberto et heredibus de cor- 
pore suo exeuntibus de domino rege et heredibus suis per servicia que ad predicta maneria pertinent 
imperpetuum. Et si contingat quod idem Robertus obierit sine herede de corpore suo exeunte, tunc, 
post decessum ipsius Roberti, predicta maneria cum pertinenciis integre remanebunt Willelmo filio 
eiusdem Roberti, et heredibus de corpore suo exeuntibus, tenenda de domino rege et heredibus suis per 
servicia que ad predicta maneria pertinent imperpetuum. Et si contingat quod idem NVillelmus obierit 
sine herede de corpore suo exeunte, tunc, post decessum ipsius Willelmi, predicta maneria cum pertinen- 
ciis integre remanebunt rectis heredibus predicti Roberti, tenenda de domino rege, etc. Ibid. No. 25. 

Hec est finalis concordia facta, etc., a die Pasche in quindecim dies, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii a 
conquestu octavo, . . . inter Robertum de la Vale, chivaler, querentem, et Johannem de Seton de la 
Vale, capellanum, deforciantem, de medietate manerii de Hertlawe cum pertinenciis, unde placitum 
convencionis sommonitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predictus Robertus recognovit pre- 
dictam medietatein cum pertinenciis esse jus ipsius Johannis, ut illam quam idem Johannes habet de dono 
predicti Roberti. Et pro hac recognicione, fine et concordia, idem Johannes concessit predicto Roberto 
predictam medietatem cum pertinenciis, et illam ei reddidit in eadem curia, habendam et tenendam eidem 
Roberto de capitalibus dominis feodi illius, per servicia que ad predictam medietatem pertinent, tota vita 
ipsius Roberti. Et post decessum ipsius Roberti predicta medietas cum pertinenciis integre remanebit 
Willelmo, filio eiusdem Roberti, et heredibus de corpore suo procreatis, tenenda de capitalibus domims 
feodi illius per servicia que ad predictam medietatem pertinent imperpetuum. Et si contingat quod idem 
Willelmus obierit sine herede de corpore suo procreato, tunc, post decessum ipsius Willelmi, predicta 
medietas cum pertinenciis integre remanebit rectis heredibus predicti Roberti, tenenda de capitalibus 
dominis feodi illius per servicia que ad predictam medietatem pertinent imperpetuum. Ibid. No. 29. 


second son, in tail male, and with ultimate remainder to his own right heirs ; ' 
and, before his death in 1353, he made a grant of Newsham in tail male 
to his second son and namesake, Sir Robert Delaval IV.^ 

Sir William Delaval of Callerton died in 1350, leaving a young son 
and heir, Sir Henry Delaval II., who, on the death of his grandfather three 
years later, succeeded to Seaton Delaval, Dissington, and Hartley, under 
the settlement of 1333. Sir Henry Delaval died childless in 1388. In 
1372 he had given the estates of Brandon, Dukesfield and Biddleston to his 
wife for her lifetime, with remainder, as to one moiety, to Nicholas de 
Raymes, and as to the other moiety, to John de Selby. These he ap- 
parently claimed to have inherited by reason of the death of his father's 
first wife without issue, and the consequent determination of the limitations 
created by settlement on the occasion of his father's first marriage. Sir 
Henry Delaval's sister Alice, widow of John Whitchester of Benwell and 
subsequently wife of Sir John Manners of Etal, succeeded to the remaining 
properties subject to Dame Delaval's dower. She had issue by her first 
husband a son and heir, William Whitchester, who was succeeded in 1408 
by his son. Sir William Whitchester the younger. 

On the death of Sir Henry Delaval, his cousin, John Delaval of 
Newsham, son and heir of Sir Robert Delaval IV., put in a claim for the 
estates settled upon Sir William Delaval of Callerton. The claimant 
asserted that these properties had been settled in tail male, and that he was 
entitled to them as next male heir of Sir Robert Delaval III. A com- 
mission of inquiry was issued on November 6th, 1389, to Matthew de 
Redeman, Thomas Umframvill, John de Felton, Thomas de Watton, and 
Sampson Harding,' but was not executed. The commission was accordingly 
revived on June 28th, 1408, in the persons of William Gascoigne (the well- 
known chief justice), Sir Robert Umframvill, Sir Rogert Ogle, Sir John 
Mitford (father-in-law of the plaintiflF), and Sampson Harding, one of the 
old commissioners.^ Evidently the new commissioners found in favour 
of Sir William Whitchester, for he continued in possession of his estates. 
The existing fines show that the settlement of 1333 was made in tail and 
not in tail male, and that John Delaval's claim was therefore unjustifiable. 

' Flower's Visitation of Yorshirc, Harl. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 97. Flower appears to have had access to 
the title deeds of Benwell, which had previously formed part of the archives of Tynemouth priory. 

- This grant was made without the king's licence ; Inq. ad quod damnum, file ccc.xxxi. No. 6. See 
below under Newsham. 

' Qal. Pat. Rolls, 1388-1392, p. 144. ' Cat. Pal. Rolls, 1405-140S, p. 4S0, 




Arms : Per f/ss daitcelte, or and verl. Glover's Roll of Northern Arms, Ashmole MSS. 834. 

John de Whitchester, = Alice, sister and heir of Sir Henrj- de la \'al, succeeded to Seaton Delaval about 1388, being 

lord of half of the manor ' ' ' ' ~ 

of Benwell, married be- 
fore 1388. 

then about 40 years of age (/«?. p.m. 12 Ric. II. No. 54); married, secondly, Sir John 
Manners of Etal, and died 26th December, 1402 ; inquisitions taken 29th January and 
26th April, 1403 {Im].p.m. 4 Hen. IV. No. 27). 



William de Whitchester, 
son and heir, 30 years 
of age in 1403 ; died 
1 2th Feb., 1407/8; 
inquisition taken l6th 
May, 1408 (/«</. p.m. 
9 Hen. IV. No. 23). 

(2) Elizabeth [Bowes (/<)], widow of Bertram Monboucher of Horton ; had pardon for 
marrying again without licence. l6th November, 1401 (Ca/. Pat. Rolls, 1401-5, p. 12) ; 
married, thirdly, Roger de Fulthorp (^Early Chancery Proc. bundle 3, No. 145) ; 
fourthly, before 14th October, 1423, Thomas Holden, steward of the palatine court 
of Durham {Cal. Pap. Reg. vol. vii. p. 318) ; fifthly, Sir Robert Hilton ; had a con- 
tingent remainder in entail of 1446 (^Fiet of pines, Hen. V'l. No. 11); died l6th 
August, 1450 ; inquisition taken 24th October, 1450 (^/mj. p.m. 29 Hen. VI. No. 26). 

Sir William de : 
Whitchester, knt. 
son and heir, 
stated to be of 
full .age in 1408 ; 
recovered Bran- 
ton, Dukesfield 
and a moiety of 
Biddleston in 
1408 from Sir 
Richard Goldes- 
burgh (/«y. p.m. 
10 Hen. VI. No. 
44) ; died s.p. 
before 1424. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Grey ((4) of 
Wark ; had dispensation 
to marry her kinsman, 
20th February, 1407/8 
(C(7/. Pap. Reg. vol. vi. p. 
135) ; married, secondly, 
Roger de Widdrington ; 
had lands in Dissington 
and Callerton for dower ; 
died I2th Jul)', 1454 ; 
inquisition taken 24th 
September, 1454 (/»y. 
p.m. 32 Hen. VI. No. 

Elizabeth, married before 1424, Sir John Burcester ; heir to her half- 
brother, from whose widow she recovered lands in Benwell in 1424 
(/') ; was over 23 years of age in 1432 (/«?. p.m. 10 Hen. \'l. No. 44) ; 
succeeded to Seghill on the death of her kinsman, William de la Val ; 
conveyed that manor in 1441 to Robert Mitford {^peet of Fines, 
Hen. VI. No. 9), on whom she settled Brandon in 1446 (Jliid. 
Hen. VI. No. 12) ; conveyed the Whitchester moiety of Benwell to 
Robert Rhodes in 1446 {ihid. No. 13), and made entail of her 
remaining estates, in default of issue, on her kinsman, James 
Horsley {ibid. No. 11); succeeded under entail of 1349, to the 
Delaval moiety of Benwell, on the death of her kinsman, John 
de la Val, in 1455 (l>) ; made a second entail of her estates in 
1463 in favour of Marquis Montague (a) (jhid. Edw. IV. No. l) ; 
died s.p. 15th May, 1469 ; inquisition taken 13th January, 1482/3 
(_Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. IV. No. 28). 

(a) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

(3) Flower, Visitation of Yorkshire. 

Evidences to Whitchester Pedigree. 

Inquisition held at Morpeth, 20th April, 6 Hen. VI. (1428). 

Thomas Howeden, esquire, and Elizabeth, his wife, who was wife of William Whitchestre, hold as her dower a 
third part of the vills of Blakallerton, Seton and Dyssyngton, held of the king by a third part of two knights' fees ; and 
Joan de Goidesburgh, who was wife of Henry de la V^ile, knight, holds as dower a third part of two parts of the said 
vills ; and Roger de Woddryngton and Elizabeth his wife who was wife of William Whitchestre, knight, hold for 
her life lands in the said vills ; and John Burcestre and Elizabeth his wife are seised of the other lands in the said 
vills, of her inheritance. The said vills are held of the king by one knight's fee. Lay Subsidy Roll, '//. 

Inquisition held at Morpeth, on Wednesday ne.xt after the feast of the .Assumption, 10 Hen. VI. (.August 20th, 
1432), after the death of Joan, formerly wife of Henry de la Vale, knight. 

She held in dower, after the death of the said Henry, for life, of the inheritance of Elizabeth, wife of John 
Burcestre, sister and heir of William Whitchestre, knight, son of William Whitchestre, son of Alice, late wife of 
John Whitchestre, sister of the said Henry, and kinswoman and heir of the said Henry de la Vale, a third part of the 
manors of Seton de la Vale, Northdissington and Callerton, together with a third part of one messuage and twelve 
acres of land in Haliwell, and a third part of the issues, profits, fealties, suit of court and suit of mill of Seton, and a 
third part of a yearly rent of 26s. 8d., viz., 8s. lojd. from the lands formerly of Stephen Lescrop, knight, William 
de Vescy and William Haliwell, in Haliwell, parcel of the said manor of Seton, and a third part of a moiety of the 
manor of Hertlawe. All the premises, except Callerton and Hertlawe, were granted by John de Seton, chaplain, to 
Robert de la Vale, in tail, by fine levied 7 Edw. III., by name of the manors of Seton and North Dissyngton. -And the 
said third part of the moiety of the manor of Hertlawe, together with two parts of the said moiety, the said John, by 
name of John de Seton de la Vale, chaplain, granted to the said Robert by name of Robert de la Vale, knight, for life, 
with remainder to William, son of the said Robert, in tail. 

Vol. I.X. 




The said Robert, being seised of the said manor of Callerton, granted it, by fine levied 7 Edw. III., to William 
de !a Vale, his son, by name of William de la Vale, and Agnes his wife, in tail. 

After Robert's death the said William, his son, was seised of all the premises, in tail ; from him ihey descended to 
the said Henry, formerly husband of the said Joan, as son and heir of William and Agnes ; from him they descended 
to Alice, late wife of John Whitchestre, as his sister and heir, because he (Henry) died childless ; the said third 
parts being assigned to the said Joan as dower, with reversion to Alice, after whose death the right of reversion 
descended to William Whitchestre, her son and heir, and from him to William Whitchestre, knight, his son and heir ; 
and from him to Elizabeth, wife of John Burcestre, his sister and heir, William dying childless. 

In Michaelmas term, 8 Hen. IV., William Whitchestre brought a writ de forma donacionis against Richard 
Goldesburgh, knight, and the said Joan, then his wife, of the manors of Duxfeld and Brandon, a yearly rent of eight 
marks from the manor of Branton as parcel of the said manor of Brandon, and a moiety of the manor of Bitelesden, 
and recovered his seisin thereof against them ; wherefore it is clear to the jury, to whom the record is shown, that Joan 
did not die seised thereof. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI. No. 44. 

At the same time, in 1408, Sir William Whitchester recovered from 
Sir Richard Goldesburgh and Joan his wife, widow of Sir Henry Delaval, 
the manors of Brandon and Dukesfield and the moiety of Biddleston 
which had been settled upon the said Joan in 1372.^ These properties 
had been settled in 1322 in special tail upon Sir William Delaval of 
Callerton and his first wife. As Sir William Delaval had had no issue by 
this marriage, the entail terminated at his death, but the plaintiff contended 
that a parallel settlement had been made upon the occasion of Sir William 
Delaval's second marriage. His contention was upheld, and the judgment 
that was given for him nullified Sir Henry Delaval's dispositions in favour 
of the Raymes and Selby families. - 

Not only had the value of the Delaval property been greatly re- 
duced by pestilence or Scottish raids,^ but it was heavily burdened with the 

' Inq.p.m. lo Hen. VI. No. 44 ; compare Wrottesley, Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls, p. 257. 
- Inq. p.m. 24 Edw. III. pt. i. No. 104. 

^ The valuations given in the inquisitions post mortem which may be taken for want of better 
evidence, show the depreciation of property during the Scottish wars. 











I s. 



s. d. 


s d. 

Black Callerton 




16 14 



9 If 


2 6 

North D 

ssington ... 




20 14 


16 10 



Seaton Delaval 




57 12 



6 I 


8 4 





S 10 


13 II 


10 73 


Total £ 




I 17 




3 10 




4 I 




.. i:io5 8 



9 9l 


17 6A 






Black Callerton 




North Dissingtor 


Seaton Delaval 


''. 26 












•• £s(> 




portions of long-lived dowagers, namely, Joan Goldesburgh and Sir William 
Whitchester's stepmother, Elizabeth Holden, afterwards baroness Hilton, 
and, when Whitchester died, additional dower was provided for his widow in 
Dissington and Callerton. His half-sister and heir, Elizabeth Whitchester, 
came into a greatly diminished and impoverished estate. Moreover, she 
and her husband. Sir John Burcester, were compelled to take legal action 
against the widow of Sir William Whitchester in order to enforce their 
claims to the manors recovered from Dame Goldesburgh in 1408.' 

The death of Joan Goldesburgh in 1432 set free the lands which 
she had held in dower for upwards of fifty years. Before the year 1441 
Dame Burcester's kinsman, William Delaval of Seghill, died." He was the 
grandson and last male heir of Sir William Delaval, junior, upon whom the 
Delaval lands in Benwell had been settled in 1349, and, besides that estate, 
he held the manor of Seghill, of which he had enfeoffed his step-father, 
William Ellerby, to hold to uses. Elizabeth Burcester and her husband 
thereupon sought the aid of the Chancellor to enforce Ellerby to fulfil his 
trust, which was apparently in favour of the petitioners. The fact that they 
immediately afterwards sold Seghill for £100 to Robert Mitford shows that 
they were successful, but may also imply that Mitford had already a claim 
upon the estate.^ 

In accordance with the terms of the entail of 1349, John Delaval of 
Newsham, son of Sir Robert Delaval IV. of that place, succeeded to the 
Delaval moiety of Benwell.^ John Delaval and Elizabeth Burcester now 
shared between them the entire Delaval inheritance, and as Dame Burcester 
had reached a time of life that made children an improbability, John Delaval 
had a reasonable expectation of succeeding to the lands which he had once 
unsuccessfully claimed as his own, and to which he stood heir presumptive. 
He had, however, only one child, a daughter, Elizabeth. 

Some twenty years earlier, in 1423, Elizabeth Delaval had found a 
husband in the person of a young lawyer, John Woodman, alias Horsley." 

' Wrottesley, Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls, pp. 313-314 ; Flower's Visitation 0/ Yorksliire, p. 99. 

- It is possible that the Seghill branch of the Delavals came to be represented in the female line by 
a Norfolk family, for Ralph de Sherington of Sherington {cirea 1400) is stated to have married the only 
daughter and heir of William Delaval of ' Segdon ' in Northumberland. Harvey's Visitation 0/ Norfolk, 
1563 ; East Anglian, vol. iii. p. 342. 

' See above, pp. 6S-69. ' * Flower's Visitation of Yorkshire, p. 98. 

' 1438. Johannes Horsley, apprenticius legis, habet terras et tenementa et redditus in comitatu 
Northumbriae, villa Novi Castri super Tynam, et infra libertatem de Hexhamshir, annul valoris ultra 
reprisas xiv". Lay Subsidy Roll, ^^. 


The name of Woodman or Wodman is met with as a family of sufficient 
antiquity but little note in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Some of its members 
appear to have settled in the neighbourhood of Hexham, where John Wood- 
man, a mason by trade, held some property at the close of the fourteenth 
century.' John Woodman, junior, the mason's son, added to his paternal 
inheritance by the acquisition of a house and a few acres of land in Horsley, 
in the parish of Ovingham, and on the strength of this transaction, exchanged 
his surname for that of Horsley," a fact which has led later genealogists 
to find him an ancestry among the Horsleys of Outchester.' The articles 
of his marriage with the Delaval heiress are given below. 

This endentur witnesseth 'at it is accordit betwyn John Dalavall on the a partye and John Horsley 
on the th'othir partye that the sayd John Delavale and Margaret his wiffe schall infefife and mak suere 
estate in fee sympill to John the son of William Mitford, John the brothir of the seyd William, and to 
Gererd of Mitford, of all ther landis and tenements in Neusome and Blythesnuke, in the rounte of 
Northumbreland, befor the fest of Seint Michaell the Arkaungell next comynge, or ellys in all the gudly 
haste that may folowe the forseyd fest, whilke feoffes schall make feoffment of all the lands and 
tenements aforeseyd, etc., to the foreseyd John Horsley and Elesabeth, doughtre and heyre to the seyd 
John Dalavale and Margarete, to have and to hold all theys lands and tenements, etc., unto the forseyd 
John Horsley and Elesabeth and to the heires of there ij bodyes begetan for ever more, and for the 
defaute of yschewe of ther ij bodyes begetan, etc., to the ryght heires of the forseyd John Dalavale or to 
whome that he will that the remayndre schall be. And this same John Horsley and Elesabeth schall 
make a lese to the forseyd John Dalavale and Margaret of all the lands and tenements in Newsome 
aboveseyd for terme of the liffes of the forseyd John Dalavale and Margaret, savynge to the forseyd 
John Horsley and Elesabeth all the lands and tenements, etc., in Blythesnuke, with fyschynge and all 
maner of fredome longynge therto, and savynge also to the forseyd John Horsley and Elesabeth and to 
the heyres of ther two bodyes getton the revercion of all the forseyd lands and tenements in Newsome 
aboveseyd ; or ellys the forseyde feofees, that is to sey, John the son of William of Mitford, John the 
brothir of the seyd William, and Gererd of Mitford, standynge in ther estate of the lands and tenements 
aboveseyd, schall graunt a rent-charge be dede indented to the forseyd John Dalavale and Margarete, 
for terme of ther lives, of .xx marc yerely to be takyn of all the lands and tenements aboveseyd, appon 
certayn condicons, that is for to sey : yf the forseyd John Horsley and Elesabeth suffre the forseyd John 
Dalavall and Margarett take continually the profets for terme of ther lyfes all the lands and tenements in 
Newsome, etc., savynge alhvey to the forseyd John Horsely and Elesabeth schall frely and peaseably 
have and injoy Blythesnuke with all maner lands and tenements, etc., as mekill and as largely as all the 
tenands sometyme duellynge in Blythesnuke occupyed and held when it was most fully plenyshed and 
inhabet, etc. And it is also accordit that the forseyd John Horseley be the grace of Gode schall wedd 

' As 'Johannes Wodman, mason,' he granted all his lands in Northumberland, Hexham and 
He.xhamshire, on January 20th, 1402, to Robert Wyse and John Baudwyn. Water/ord Charters, No. 64. 

- John Horsley, under the style of 'Johannes Horsley, filius et heres Johannis Wodman ' granted to 
William Coke and to Patom Wodman his brother two burgages, half a burgage, and ten acres in 
He.xham 'que habui jure hereditario post decessum Johannis Wodman patris mei,' October 31st, 1413. 
Waterfoni Charters, No. II. Under the same appellation he made over to Robert Elmet, on February 
i8th, 1424/5, a rent out of a tenement in Hawkwell, 'quod quidem tenementum prefatus Johannes 
habuit de jure et hereditarie post decessum prefati Johannis Wodman, patris sui.' Ibid. No. 10. The 
lands in Horsley, comprising a messuage, croft, and i\\ acres, were derived from a grant made by 
Adam Hagman in 141 3 to Robert Wyse for life, with remainder to John, son of John Wodman {ibid. 
No. 15 ■), and lay in the parish of Ovingham {ibid. No. 74). 

' See vol. i. of this work, p. 204. 


and have to wifie the foreseyd Elesabeth, doughtre of the forseyd John Dalavale ; and the seyd John 
Dalavale hath graimted and schall gyfFe in mariage to the seyd John Horseley with the saym Elesabeth 
xx" of Ynghsh mony, wheroffe x" schalbe payed in hand befor the esspoucell, and the odir x" at 
Whitsonday and Martynmesse next after that wettynge folowand, etc. And the mariage aboveseyd 
schalbe done at the costes of the forseyd John Dalavale, and he schall array his doughtre in all nianer 
of thyngs longynge to hir, onestly acordynge to his degre. And also the seyd John Dalavale schall 
fynde and in housald kepp the forseyd Elesabeth his doughtre iiij yeres after ye spousall, as in mete and 
drynke and beddynge, and also the seyd John Horseley, his man and his horse, att all tymes at his 
comyng in to countre as long as he will abyde in the houshold of the seyd John Dalavall. And also it is 
accordit that the forseyd John Dalavale schall deliver to the seyd John Horseley and Elesabeth all 
maner of evidence that he hath or may gett towchynge all the lands and tenements aboveseyd, etc. 
And also the seyd John Delavale schall no thynge in tym to come do ne make to be done that may 
turne one disherittynge or hynderynge of title, etc., that be possibilite may come, yf God will, in tym 
comynge to the forseyd Elesabeth or hir heyres, as heyres or heyre to the forseyd John Dalavale, or els 
as heyre or heyres to any othir auncestir of his, etc. And also what tym the forseyd John goyth 
with his wyfFe to his aune howsehold, the forseyd John Dalavale schall delivere to theym all maner of 
stufte of houssold resonablye after his power, accordynge to his degree. In witnesse wheroffe, etc. 
Writen at Newsome, this xxviij day of Septembre, the yere of the reyne of Kynge Henre the sexte, 
etc., the secund. Theyre wetnesse, Bartraham Herbotell esquier, Robert of Musgrayffe esquier, Robert 
of Mitford, Alisaundre Mitford, Thomas Lame, and mony othirs.' 

Neither John Horsley nor his wife lived to enter into the Delaval 
estates. Their eldest son, James Horsley, consequently stood next after 
John Delaval of Newsham in order of succession. John Delaval and his 
grandson apparently consented in 1446 to the barring of the entail, in 
order to allow Sir John Burcester and his wife to settle their lands in 
Brandon upon Robert Mitford of Seghill.^ At the same time the Burcesters 
re-settled in tail the whole of the Delaval properties excepting Newsham 
and the moiety of Benwell, which John Delaval then held, in favour of 
James Horsley and his heirs, subject to their own life-interest and that of 
Elizabeth, baroness Hilton, the mother of Elizabeth Burcester. In case of 
failure of issue on the part of James Horsley, the ultimate remainder lay 
with Robert Mitford of Seghill. Besides these several estates, Dame 
Burcester held a moiety of the manor of Benwell, which had descended to 
her through the male line of the Whitchesters. This she now sold for the 
sum of ^100 to Robert de Rhodes.' 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

- The grant of Brandon was made subject to a yearly rent of ten marks payable to Sir John Burcester 
and to Elizabeth his wife during their respective lives, and was further limited by the rights of dower in 
the premises held by Elizabeth, baroness Hilton. Iiuj. p.m. 2g Hen. VI. No. 26. 

" Flower's Visitntion of Yoi-ksliiyt-, p. 98. Flower's text is more correctly given in Harl. MS. 4,031, 
fol. 121 b, than in the Norcliffe manuscript followed by the Harleian Society's editor. It there runs: 
' Ista Elizabetha Burchester obiit sine exitu, de qua Robertus Rodes perquisivit tarn dictum manerium 
de Benwele quam omnia alia terras et tenementa cum pertinentiis quae nuper fuerunt Willehni Whit- 
chester in Benwell praedicto.' The date of sale is fixed by Feet of Fines, Hen. V'l. No. 13. It 
may here be noted that the remaining moiety of Benwell passed, under the entail of 1349, upon the 


James Horsley may be allowed to describe how the dispositions made 
in 1446 were annulled and his own claims set aside in favour of the powerful 
marquis of Montague, a course that may have been prompted by political 

Please hit your right honouralile lordship to cal to your noble remembrance, where afore this 
youre lowely orator and true servant, James Delavale of Seton Delavale in the countie of Northumbre- 
land, esquier, deliver'd at Tynmouth at your laste beyng there, unto ye hands of your noble. lordship, a 
bill which shewed his very discent and title to and of certayne lands and tenementez in Northumberland, 
to which same lands and tenements, rents and fynes, with th' apurtenaunces, one Dame Elizabeth 
Burcestre was veray undoubted heir and possessor of the same, whiche same Dame Elizabeth released 
by fyne at the coinoun lawe the right and title which she thenne had in al the said lands, etc., as in 
reversion after hir deth to the saide James Delavale and Marjorie his wyfe, and to thair heires of thair 
bodiez lawfully begotten, as by the said recorde of ye said fyne it more playnely appereth ; and, for 
defalt of yssue of the bodiez of the saide James and Majorie, all the saide landes and tenementz wer to 
remayne and belong to one Robert Mitford, esquier, and to his heirez in fe symple for ever ; so that 
after that fyne so takyn by recorde the said Dame Elizabeth all the dayes of hir lyfe after stode in yat 
behalf but tenant for terme of lyfe ; the which said Robert Mytford toke to ferme all the saide lands and 
tenementez, etc., of ye saide Dame Elizabeth for a certayn yerely ferme to hir yeldyng.' Howe be that 
one John Harbotell," which was broght up with the said Robert Mitford, and with him thenne had in 
most singular trust, seyng and veraly knowyng th' avauntage of the saide trike, and that the saide 
Robert Mytford was sore striken by a sudden palsy and was nat like to recovere, rode covertly unto the 
late lorde Marquys Mountague, and him movid and stirred to by all the saide lands, etc., of the saide 
Dame Elizabeth ; insomuch that afterwarde the saide Dame Elizabeth, as ane unstable and mysavised 
gentilwoman, solde all the said lands, etc., to the saide late lord marquys,' natwithstounding she no 
thing had in ye said lands but as tenant's terme of lyfe, as before is said ; by force and color of which 
purchace the saide late lord marquys caused by his might the forsaid John Harbotell to entre into the 
said land and to put oute the said Robert Mitford of his said tak ; the whiche late marquys, seynge and 

death of John Delaval of Newsham in 1455, to Elizabeth Burcester. Flowers Visitation, p. 97. A 
year previously, on Christmas Day, 1454, James Horsley had quitclaimed to Robert Rhodes all right to 
the manor of Benwell. Ibid. p. 99. Although no record remains of a grant to Rhodes by Dame 
Burcester of the Delaval moiety of the manor, there is little doubt that such a grant was made, and 
that Rhodes afterwards made over the whole manor to Tynemoulh priory, of which he was reputed 
a benefactor. This last event can perhaps be dated by a second release made by James Horsley, 
under the name of James Delavale, on July 6th, 1472, the witnesses then being John Langton, prior 
of Tynemouth, William Langton, sub-prior there, Thomas Harbottle, vicar of Ponteland, Robert 
Rhodes, William Lawson, John Mytforth, William Shad, and William Weddall. Ibid. Rhodes appears 
to have resided at Benwell until his death in 1473, for in the writ of diem claiisit extremum then 
issued he is styled Robert Rhodes of Benwell. 35//1 Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 125. His conne.xion 
with Elizabeth Burcester is brought out by his foundation in 1465 of a chantry in the chapel of St. John 
at Stanhope, where a chaplain should pray for the happy estate of King Edward IV., George Nevill, 
archbishop of York, Bishop Booth, Lady Elizabeth Burcester, the said Robert Rhodes, and Agnes his 
w-ife. Hutchinson, History of Durham, vol. iii. p. 2S5. 

' The lease was made prior to July 3rd, 1454. On that day Robert Mitford of Seaton Delaval 
and Sir John Burcester, then sheriff of the county, carried off to Seaton, to the place of the said Robert 
Mitford, one John Caruders, late of North Shields, whom Richard Arnold, merchant of Cromer, had 
arrested for theft. They refused to gi\e up the thief to justice, or to restore the money which he 
had stolen. Robert Mitford, according to Arnold's statement, 'by e.vtorcion oppression and othir 
unlawefuU menes have the puple of the cuntre in swich rule and awe that no men of councell nor 
othir dar openly seye ne do ayenst him.' Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 24, No. 96. 

■ The name of John Harbottle of Seaton Delaval occurs on the Durham Chancery Rolls in the 
year 1468- 1469. 35^! Deputy Keeper's Report, p. 100. For his identity see below under Horton. 

' The sale was made for ^400 and took place in May or June, 1463, ' per preceptum ipsius domini 
regis.' Feet oj Fines, Edw. IV. No. i. For the licence for sale see Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461-1467, p. 265. 


considering that he in no wise might he. made sure in lawe be the said Dame Elizabeth in that behalf, 
considering the fyne tofore by hir made, confyrmed and caused the said James Delavale to be indicted 
of felony in Nonhumbreland,' and, by force of that said untrue conspired indictenient, afterward 
caused by his great myght the said James to be attached, by his order, in the high castell within 
the Newcastell, which said high castell is within the countie of Northumbreland, and him there straitly 
kepped in ward, and him frome thense caried as a prisoner to the castell of Wresyll, and from thense to 
Westhetter, and from thense to London, and there and thaine by his great might and power caused and 
compelled the said James Delavale, so beyng thaire in warde as a prisoner, for danger and feere of his 
lyfe to come in his propre presence tofore th'erchbisshup of York, then chauncelar of England,' 
brothir to the saide marquys, and there to release all such state, title, and right, as the saide James then 
had or might hafe in the saide lands. After whiche done, the saide late marquys permitted and suffered 
the saide James to departe thense, at his large, home into Northumbreland, where afterwarde the 
saide James, greatly comforted that hit had liked the king's highnes (meoved rightwisly of God) to 
restore and call yowe, his saide gode lord, unto your veray and true estate and enherytance,^ and that 
the saide Dame Elizabeth was departed from this present life,' entred into all the saide lands, etc., 
as beneficell was unto hym, and contynuelly sith hidertowards hath kepped and yet kepeth his 
possession as lawe wil and requireth.* 

' The indictment was made by Marquis Montague when sheriff of Northumberland, which office he 
filled from July 2Sth, 1466, to his death in 1471. See the certificate quoted below (Wnterjoni Charters, 
No. 66). 

■ Archbishop Neville was chancellor from March 15th, 1465, to June 8th, 1467. 

" Henry, fourth earl of Northumberland, to whom this petition is evidently addressed, was restored 
to his estates and earldom on March 2nd, 1470, and was murdered in 1489. 

' Elizabeth Burcester died May 15th, 1469. Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. IV. No. 28. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. Further particulars are given in the following certificate : 

To all lordes spirituall and temporall and othir the kynge ower soverayn lorde's officers and liege 
men that this oure writing shall see or here. In so mekyll as it is meritorie and nedfuU to every trew 
Criston man to recorde the trewth wher thes be requiryd, we, John, abbott of Newmestyr, Thomas, 
abbott of AInewyk, John, prior of Tynemouth, William, prior of Brenkborne, Ewyn, lord Ogle, John of 
Wodrington, sheryff of Northumbreland, John Emiey, master of Bamborg, John of Lilborne of Schawden, 
William of Ogle of the same, Thomas Lile of Newton haule, Robert Lile of Felton. John Horsely of 
Ulchesture, Edmond of Crausesture of the same, Thontas Foster of Eddirston, Thomas Carre of 
Lilborne, esquires, William Woddrington, under sheryff, Thomas of Bradford, John Harbotell of Haropp, 
Thomas of Fenwyk, .Alexander Mitford, John of Bewyk, crowners, John Carre of Chibborne, sertefyeth 
that James Delavale is next of blode to Dame Elizabeth Burcesture, and as towchyng soche landes as 
the said Dame Elizabeth had in Northumbreland, that is to say CaHerton, Dissington, Seton, Newsham, 
Hartlawe, Hallywell, Betillisden, and fee ferme of Branton, the said Dame Elizabeth and hyr husband 
Sir John Burcesture selde the reversion of the same landes to Robert of Mytford on this condicion, that 
the said James and Margarie his wyfe, doughter to the said Robert Mytford, shold have the said landes 
after the dissese of the said Dame Elizal^eth and her husband, to them and to ther hayers at ther bodis 
lawfully bygeton for evermore, and for defaut of hayers of ther bodeys lawfully geton to remayne to the 
said Robert Mitford and to his hayers in fee syraple ; and therupon the said Dame Elizabeth and hir 
husbond rerid a fyne. Allbeit, after this, the said Dame Elizabeth was variaunt, and thorough the labur 
and stering of ille-disposyd peple made a barg-yn with the Marqwis Mountague of the same landes. And 
after this it was so that the sayd marqwis, beyng sheryf of Northumbreland, and Sir William Bowes, his 
under-sheriff, gart attache the said James, and ther the said James fond borowys to appere at the next 
sessions .Alan Byrde of the Newcastell and John Harbotell. Nowithstonding the said James was not 
quitte of the said inditement, the said marqwis had him to London, and ther the said James relesyd to 
the Marqwis Mountague for feer of lyfe. We understond that the said James, incontinent after that the 
said Dame Elizabeth Burcesture dissesyd, enterrid as to his eneritance upon Callerton and Dissington, 
whiche is chefe of the said landes, and occupied them and toke the fermes by the space of a yere in the 
said marqwis' dayes, and in like wyse the said James at the same tyme went to Seton Delavale, and 
askyd deliverey therof, bot at it was kept fro hym a stronge hand. In wetnesse hereof we have sette 
owre seallis. Waterford Charters, No. 66. 

The seals of the testifying parties are attached to this certificate, but are, almost without exception 
in poor condition. Its date may be fixed by the shrievalty of John Widdrington, as falling between 
June 4th, 1 47 1, and August 14th, 1474. 


In spite of the release which he had been forced to give to Marquis 
Montague, James Horsley took advantage of Dame Burcester's death in 
1469 to make seizure of Bhick Callerton and North Dissington, of which 
he possessed himself on the anniversary of his kinswoman's death (May 15th, 
1470). He had to wait until Easter Day, 1471, when Montague fell at 
Barnet fighting against the Yorkist king, before he could gain entry to 
Seaton Delaval and the remainder of the estates.' His position was secured 
by the attainder of the marquis. The Crown did not take any steps to 
institute an enquiry into the disposal of Dame Burcester's lands until 
December 22nd, 1482, when a commission was appointed." Consequent 
upon the return then made,^ a royal pardon was granted to Horsley on 
July 9th, 1484.' With the overthrow of the house of York, the heirs of 
Marquis Montague renewed their claims,'' but without success. James 
Horsley strengthened his hold upon the family estates, in right of which 
he had assumed the name of Delaval. The following curious memorandum 
shows him scheming for the advancement of his house : 

It is to rememyr at soche tyme as William Blaxton, late of the Newcastell,' labyrred to James 
Delavale for the marriage of John Delavale, son and hayer to the sayd James, to his doughter, the 
sayd William by his endenture promisyd the said James for a dowery of his said daughter ccc marcs 
to be payd at serten teymys, and bound hymselfe therupon by his obligacione for the whiche summe, 
and James schold have enfeffyd his said son and the sayd William's daugter Angnes in xx'° marc of and 
oever the ccc marcs. The said James hath resseyvid theise parcelles folowyng : at on tyme, xxxiij* iiij'' ; 
item, anoder tyme, xxxiij" iiij"* ; item, anodyr tyme in wolen cloth vj yerdes, per the yerd v', summa xxx"; 
item, xx"" stone yron, the stone iiij'', summa, vj' viij'' ; item, halfe a barell sope, vj' viij* ; item, a pype 
red wyne, liij^ iiij'' ; item, a pype of clarett wyne, xP ; item, a countyr, xxvj' viiij'' ; item, at anoder 
tyme, x' ; item, at anoder tyme, x" ; item, at anoder tyme, xiij' iiij'' ; item, a cobell, xxvj' viiij'* ; item, a 
chespyll, vj' viij"" ; summa totalis xiiij'' xvj' viij". And the sayd James hath divers tymes callyd upon 
the sayd William for the residew of his money as his days of payments grewe, bot in no wyse he cowde 
gett it. And wheder the said William was of power or nay to fulfylle his covenauntes, or wheder 
he pykyd with his bargyn or nay, we can not say ; bot ther upon all matters stoppyd in the sayd 
William Blaxton's defawte. And notwithstondynge this, the sayd William Blaxton complaynid to my 
lord of Northumbyrlond of the sayd James, and causyd my sayd lord to send for the sayd James to 
Warkworthe, and ther his lordsliippe examinyd the said James of the matter how it was. And, whan he 
had harde James' declaracion, he put the matter to his counsell, and thei avisyd the sayd James and 
William to chese edyr of them ij men of ther frendes. And at the Neucastell, my lord kepyng his 
courte of wardenre, the said James toke for hym the vecare of Ponteland and John Harbotell of 
Tynmouthe, the weche John Harbotell the said William refewsyd ; and the sayd William chase for 
hym Recheid Stevynson and Robert Harden of the Newcastell ; and, notwithstondynge that the said 

' Imj.p.m. 32 Edw. IV. No. 28. ■- Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1476-14S5, p. 344. 

' Inquisition held at the king's castle of Newcastle, January 13th, 1483 ; Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. IV. No. 28. 

' Waterford Charters, No. 62. ' Cal. Inq. p.m. Henry VII. vol. i. p. 75. 

" Mayor of Newcastle 1467-1468 and 1470-1474, and representative of that town in parlia- 
ment, 1472. 


William had chalengyd the sayd John Harbotell, the said James put the matter of this odyr in 
dayers (?), and, whereas in ther first bargyn by ther endentures, and all covenauntes had beyn kept, 
the said James schold have enfeffyd his son and hayer and the said William's daugter in xx'° marces 
yerly, the sayd vecare of Ponteland, Recherd Stevynson and Robert Harden agreyd them and awardyd 
that the said William schold lay all the forsayd feffemcnt apart, as well Duxfelde as odyr, and take 
a feffement of vj marces by yere, that is to say, iiij marces in Hedwynne, ij nobulles in Horsley upon 
the water of Tynde, and ij nobulles in Halywell, the weche fefment the said William toke up by the 
space of vj yere. And yit notwithstonding this, and that the sayd James had fulfylde his promise 
at all tymes in all soche thynges as cowde be thoughte by my lord of Northumbyrlonde's counsell 
and ther frendes, makyng the end bytwyx them as is aforesayd, the said William Blaxton coniplaynid 
and laburryd ageyne to my sayd lord and informyd his lordschippe that the sayd James' son and heyer 
wold nay of his dougter, and therupon causyd my lord to send for the sayd Jaines to the entent that 
my lord scholde have causyd the sayd James to have agreyd with the sayd William in so mekyll as he 
sayd that the son of the sayd James wolde nay of his dougter, the weche the sayd James understode 
never that in his son afore that tyme at the sayd Williain owtyrryd it hymselfe to my sayd lord and 
his counsell, and that will the sayd James make goud as hym owe to do. And the said James at that 
tyme was excewsyd of his comyng to my lord because he had a sore legge, and also that his wyfe lay 
seke in perell of hir lyfe. And then the said William, seeing this that the said James myght not com 
to my lord, laburryd to the vecare of Ponteland and wrote to hym in lettyrs, desyeryng that he wold 
poynt a day, what tyme he scholde com over to Seton to speke with the said James, and so cam over, 
and ther felle in comonyng, and brake to the sayd James for a deforte bytwyx the sayd James' son and 
his dougter, the weche the said James never entendyd nor desyeryd but by the sayd William's awne 
mosyon and labur ; and ther furthwith agreyd afore the sayd vecare of Pontelond that the sayd James 
schold gyf the sayd William for the same deforte 1", wheroff xx'" to be payd in hande the Thorsdey nex 
after, to be takin in nett and schepe as thei cowde acorde, the weche the sayd William had and 
resseyvid at his day as was appoyntyd, and the overplus to have beyn payd in iij yere after, every yere 
x''. Allbeat the sayd William Blaxton, because of gret nessessite he stode in, after this laburryd to the 
sayd James and causyd the sayd James to lease hym at George Carre's handes in the Neucastell in 
clothe vj marces. Item the sayd William had an aumblyng horse of the sayd James, p' iiij marces ; 
item the sayd James to the vecare of Pontelond for the sayd William vij" x' ; item the sayd William 
at anoder tyme laburryd to the sayd James because he had no goudes (?) to ryde his erandes 
southwardes, the said William chevissagyd (?) at George Carr of the Neucastell ,\'', the weche x" 
the sayd James stondes bond to pay to the sayd George and part hath payd ; and so the sayd William 
hath resseyvid and is content of this 1'" " — xliiij'" " iij' iiij''. And the said James and William was agreyd 
afore the vecare of Ponteland that the sayd William schold surrendyr up his astate and feffement and all 
odyr writinges bytwene them, and to put them in the handes of the vecare of Bedlington, he to kepe 
them unto tyme ware the sayd William Blaxton be fully content and payd the sayd 1'° ", and than the 
sayd vecare of Bedlington to deliver the sayd feffement and writinges to James Delavale, the weche 
restys yit stylle in the sayd vecare of Bedlington's handes. And also thei ware accordyd that the 
forsayd James scholde make the coste of the on halfe the deforte makyng, and the sayd William Blaxton 
the oder halfe, and that the vecare of Ponteland schold labur the matter by ther bothe assentes. And 
whan the day cam thei schold have beyn deforcyd, the sayd William Blaxton rede his way southward 
and causyd the master of the Maudlens in the Neucastell and on Sir John Sulope to delaye the matter 
in his name. All be it the sayd William promisyd afore master Percy to fulfylle all his forsayd 
covinauntes and bargyns ; and in leke wyse at the sayd William's ryding southwardes he was desyeryd 
be Bartram Mytford to recorde his wille and entent in the same, and wheder he wolde fulfylle and byde 
by his sayd promise or nay. And ther afore Thomas Newsom, a burges of the Neucastell, the sayd 
William sayd he wold kepe and fulfylle all promises and bargyns that he had made with the said 
James Delavale, and therupon desyeryd and prayde the sayd Thomas Newsom to recorde yf nede 
ware what so ever happenyth hym in tyme comyng.' 

' Marquis of Waterford's MS S. 
Vol. IX. go 


Sir John Delaval, grandson of James Horsley, was the first member 
of his family to take a prominent part in the affiiirs of the Border. In 
a return made about the vear 1522 by the warden of the marches he was 
reported to be able to spend ;^ioo yearly, and to serve the king with 
fifty horsemen, and to be well minded to justice/ He served with the 
warden at a fee of ;^6 r3s. 4d.,' and subsequently rose to be a pensioner, 
having a salary of ^20/ At the head of his retinue he took part in many 
a border foray throughout the reign of Henry VHI., from the casting 
down of Blakatur in 15 19 and the burning of Kelso in 1523 down to 
the bloody raid of 1544/ He was five times sheriff of the county. The 
report made of him that ' he keepeth a good house and is a true gentle- 
man ' ^ finds its echo in William Bullein's praise — ' Syr Jhon Delaval 
knight hath bin a patron of worship and hospitalitie, most like a famous 
gentleman during many yeares, and powdreth no man by the salt of 
extorcion or oppressing his neyghbour, but liberally spendeth his salt, 
wheat, and mault like a gentleman. I neede not put his name in remem- 
braunce in my booke, for it shall lyve by immortall good fame when my 
poore booke shall be rotten.' " 

The almost feudal character of a great Northumbrian house in the 
sixteenth century, with its numerous dependants, knit together by kinship 
or by the equally close tie of master and man, prosecuting its blood-feuds 
and submitting its grievances to arbitration without reference to courts at 
Westminster, contracting alliances with Scottish clans or with the wild 
reivers of the upper Tyne, can hardly be better depicted than by setting 
out at length a few of the indentures preserved among the Delaval 

Indenture with the Halls of Redesdale. 

This indenture made August 13th, 28 Henry VHI., betwixt Sir John Dalavaill of Seton Dalavaill, 
knight, on the on partie, and AUexander Hall off Memarich, Parcivell Hall and Michaell Hall of the same 
and Thomas Elsden of Elsden Mot on the other partie, witnessethe that it is covenaunt and agreide 
betwixt the saide parties as hereafter doith enseue, that is to say, that the saide Alexander Hall, etc., 

' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 68. " Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII., vol. iv. p. 2218. 

' Ibid. vol. xii. pt. ii. pp. 104, 106 ; vol. xv. p. 193. 

' Ibid. vol. iii. pp. 196, 1312 ; vol. iv. p. 112 ; vol. xix. pt. ii. pp. 372-373. 

* Hodgson-Hinde, Northumberland, p. 348. 

" Bullein, Book of Simples, ed. 1579. This is not the spirit, though the phrase be similar, in which 
the authors of the Rolliad wrote of another Sir John Delaval, who had roused their wrath by taking an 
Irish peerage from the Coalition ministry : 

' Some better praise than this poor scrawl shall sing the fame of Delaval ; 
For sure no song can ever pall that celebrates great Delaval.' 


shall not onlye save and kepe harmles the said Sir Jolin Dalavaill, his heires, tennantes, servauntes for 
themselfifes, but also for theme and ther adorentes, that they, ne they ne ther adorentes, shall not knowe ne 
wett the hurt, the losse, ne other inconveniauntes to the said Sir John, his tenauntes and servauntes, 
and also make restitucion for certen goodes taiken out of Dyssington ; but iff they do, they shall lett 
and stoppe it so fere forth as they maye or can, and, if they can not, to gyve warnynge and knowlcg' 
to the said Sir John, his tenauntes or servauntes, wherthrowgh the said Sir John, his servauntes and 
tenauntes, shall take noe harme ne losse so fer forth as they and ther adorentes may lett or stoppe it. 
But they shall adde and strength hyme and theme so ferre as ther power may extende to hyme and his 
heires. And also he and his heires to stonde goode and reasonable to them and ther succession 
accordinglie to the same. And for the trewe and faithfull performans of the same the said Allexander, 
etc., standes bound in a obligacion beringe dait herofif in the sume of ane c'' sterling. In vvitnes 
wherof, etc. 

Another Indenture with the Same. 

This indenture maid the 17th dale of August in the ;ij'-'' yere of the reigne of our sovereigne 
lady Elizabeth, etc., witnesseth that wheras dyverse controversies variances and debates heretofore 
have bene moved and depending betwene Roberte Delavale of Seton Delavale in the countie of 
Northumberland, esq', Henry Delavale, Thomas Delavale, Josua Delavale, Raiphe Delavale, Clement 
Delavale, and Peter Delavale, gentlemen, there kynsmen, allyes and tolongers to the howse of Seton 
Delavale aforesaid on th'one parte, and John Hall of Otterborne, William Hall of Wodhall, Ralph 
Hall of Gressomes feild and Thomas Hall of Dortrees, alias Brenshawe, within the liberties of Riddes- 
dale, in the said countye of Northumberland, gentlemen, there kynsmen, allyes and tolongers to there 
severall howses, on th'other parte, concerninge certyne injuries, discourtesies and wrongs heretofore done 
and supposed to be done by th'one naime unto th'other ; that ys to sae, for that first aboute 36 yeres synce 
it was supposed that one Edward Delavale did then hurte one Andrewe Hall, alias Spyrle, upon some 
sodden falling out and particler quarrell betwene they twoo then happeninge ; secondlye for that the said 
Clement Delavale by chance fortuned to be at a conflict which latelie happened betwene Thomas Wod- 
drington and Gawen Mylborne gentlemen, at which tyme bothe the said parties being slayne, yt was 
supposed by some of the foresaid Halls, allyes to the said Thomas Woddrington, that the said Clement 
Delavale was the murderer of hyme the said Thomas, who referreth himeselfe to th'almightie God and to 
his countrye to trye his innocencie in that supposed murder;" and thirdlie for that some of the said Halls 
did latelie assalt and affraie upon the aforesaid Henrye Delavale at Elsden in Riddesdale aforesaid, as 
he was followmg there to rescue his neighbor's goods stoU'd towards Scotland, and there intended and 
did there indeyvor to have slayne the said Henrye Delavale for the strife aforesaid, if by God's provi- 
dence and the frendlie assistance of Percyvale Hall, alias Beyl's Percye, he had not bene rescued and 
releved, notwithstanding that the hurts done to Andrew Sprile was longe since appeased, and that the 
said Clement Delavale resteth upon his tryall as aforesaid for the death of the said Thomas VViddrington. 
For the seasinge and paicifing whereof, as well the said Roberte Delavale, etc., as the said John Hall, 
etc., by there severall and mutuall assents and consents have submytted and compromised themselves to 
stand to, abide, performe, fulfill and kepe th'awarde, arbytrament, order, judgment, determination, decree 
and fynall end of us, James Ogle of Causie Parke, Thomas Collingwood of Eslington, George Hearon of 
Chipchase, Edward Graie of Morpeth castell, esq''% arbitrators indififerentlye elected, named and chosen 
of both parties to arbitrate, etc., of, in and upon the aforesaid discawtesies and all other matters hereto- 
fore depending in contraverse betwene the said parties. Whereupon we, the said arbytrators, haveng 
called before us the said parties and thoroulie hard and considered there severall greves, allegations and 
aunsweres on both sides, and considring how God's hevie wrathe and punyshment is threatned to be 
laid upon malytious and blode-thristie men, and how good and godlie a deed yt ys to stablyshe that 

' 'An indenture betwixt Sir John Delavale and the Halls of Tyndall and Rydsdale.' .Marquis of 
Waterford's MSS. 

■ For further information regarding the alleged murder see Star Chamber Proceedings, 33 Eliz. 
bundle 2, No. 24. 


goodlie iinytie and amytie which ought to be amongst God's childrene being contreymen, kynsmen and 
nere neighbors one to another, and also how nedfull and requisit it is for the better service of our prince 
and countrey to have the said parties agreed, have awarded, etc., and by thees presents do awarde, etc., in 
maner and forme following, that is to sale — That the said John Hall, etc., shall well, honestlie, frendlie 
and charitablie behave themselves towards the said Roberte Delavale, etc., and also towards the said 
Percyvall Hall, alias Beyl's Percye, so as the same John Hall, etc., or any other persone or persones 
whatsoever by there or any of there assents, etc., neither unlawfullie do nor procure to be done at any 
tyme or tymes hereafter any hurte, etc., to the bodyes, goods and cattails of the said Roberte Delavale, 
etc., in requitall of the foresaid hurt longe sence done to the foresaid Andrew Spirle by Edwarde Dela- 
vale aforesaid, or in requitall of the late hurte supposed to be done by the said Clement Delavale unto 
the said Thomas Woddrington, or in requitall of any other hurte, etc., whatsoever at any tyme or tymes 
heretofore done or hereafter to be done by the said Roberte Delavale, etc. (Like behaviour enjoined on 
the Delavals towards the Halls.) And further we awarde, etc., by thees presents that John Hall of Gres- 
sonie feild aforesaid, William Hall of the Mote, Edward Hall, sone to the said John Hall of Otterborne, 
and William Hall, alias Syme's Will of the Releys, shall at or before Michaelmas dale next coming, in 
Wedow Hedly's howse in Morpeth, acknowledge unto the said Henry Delavale there abuses and 
injuries done unto hym in assailing hyme as aforesaid, and there confesse themselves to be hartlie sorie 
for the saime ; and that the said William Hall of the Mote aforesaid shall upon his knees, according to 
the custome of the countrey, submytt hymeselfe unto the said Percyvall Hall, alias Beyl's Percye, at or 
before the foresaid dale and in the aforesaid howse for the shedding of his blode. (The said John Hall 
of Otterborne, William Hall of Keystres, Nicholas Hall of Fallalies and Roger Hall of Fallalies to give 
bond for performance of the award on behalf of the house of Otterborne. The like to be done by 
Ale.\ander, alias Sandye, Hall of Mimkrishe, Gabriel Hall of Attercropes, and Sandye Hall of Wodhall 
on behalf of the house of Mimckrishe; also by the said Ralph Hall of Gressom's Field and Thomas 
Hall of Dortrees, alias Brenshawe, for the house of Gressom Field.) In witness wherof, etc' 

Indenture with the Frissells of Euerton. 

Whereas at the commission holden at Barwyke, in the year of our Lord 1597, by the commissyoners 
of our dreade soverayne ladye Elizabethe, queene of England, in the 28th yere of her highnes' raigne, 
and by the commissioners of the right heighe and e.xcellent prince James the si.xth, kinge of Scots, in 
the 30th yeare of his rayne, Thomas Frissell of Euereton, Scottsman, was before the said commissyoners 
fyled of a byll at the suyt of Robert Delavale of Seaton Delavale, within the countye of Northumberland 
in England, for the stealinge and takinge of two horeses frome Seaton Delavale, which horses were 
sworne to fourty pownds sterlinge; and where Robert Frissell, lard of Eureton and eldest brother to 
the said Thomas Fryssell, was by the sayd commissyoners appoynted and amongst others of his 
cuntryemen delivered as pledge for the satisfyceinge of the crymes commytted within England by his 
bretheten and frends, for which he hayth longe tyme remayned in Englande and as yet unfreed of 
his trouble, to his great impoverishment and hurte ; haythe this daye, beinge the 19th daye of Julye, 
1602, comed to Seaton Delavale and haythe agreed and satisfyced the said Robert Delavale for the 
bill above named, by suche artycles and condytions as are here under wrytten, which he ys bound to 
performe by giveing bothe faythe, promisse and bonde annexed to this present wrytinge, subscrybed 
and sealed by him this daye, vowinge performaunce in all sorts uppon losse of credytt and utter 
disgrace to him, his posterytye and house of Euerton for ever. 

Firste, the said lard Robert Frissell of Euerton dothe the daye of the date hereof dely ver at Seaton 
Delavale his brother Thomas Fryssell with good consent, the fawter, to Mr. Robert Delavale, without 
condytyon, to use at his measure. 

Secondlye, the said Robert Frissell, beinge nowe in poore estate by reason of his longe indurance 
in England, and not hable to paye the byll above mentyoned, covenaunteth and promisseth to paye the 
said some of 40 pounds to Mr. Robert Delavale and his heires, whensoever his estate shalbe answerable 

' 'An indenture betwixt Sir John Delavale and the Halls of Tyndall and Rydsdale.' Marquis of 
Waterford's MSS. 


thereto, and when Mr. Dehivale or his hcires shall call for yt. And he, to tlie performance of this 
payment, dothe bynd bothe himselfe and his heires for the dischardg thereof; and to enter at Seaton 
Delavale within 8 days warninge at any tyme in person, he or his heyre, and to mak payment of the 40 
pound within 3 monthes after warninge given for the payment thereoff, without any delaye. 

Thirdlye, the said Robert Frissell covcnaunteth and promisseth with his brother, Thomas Frissell 
aforesaid, to Mr. Robert Delavale that the said Thomas Fryssell shall, at any tyme and frome tyme to 
tyme so often as he shall be caled uppon, enter in person within 8 days warning at Seaton Delavale 
uppon notyce had froine Mr. Robert Delaval, his heyre or any of his sonnes. 

Fourthlye, the said Robert Fryssell and Thomas Fryssell dothe promys for themselffs, there sonnes 
and brethren, frends and toolongers, that they nor any by there procurement or wryttinge, assenteinge 
or knowledge, shall hurt by any maner of waye or meanes the said Robert Delavale, his sonnes, "frends 
or toolongers by stouthe, slaughter or otherwyse ; and if in case anye of the house, famyly, or belongers 
to the howse of Euerton in -Scotland doe suche lyke or any manner of hurte or wroonge to any of the 
belongers of the Delavales, that uppon notyc thereof given to the lard of Euerton that shall then be, the 
partye offendor to be delyver'd at Seaton Delavale, there to remayne under the payne and pleasure 
of Mr. Delavale or his heires for his offence, and besydes to be accounted as a vyolator and breaker 
of his honest credytt and good estematyon. And to the performance hereoff these of the howse of 
Euerton that were present att the makinge of this present wrytinge have with full assent and promysse 
for the performinge of the same, with the lard Robert Fryssell himselff, subscrybed to this wryting. 

Fythley, the lard Robert Fryssell promisseth to cause his eldest sonne and others his children within 
on six munthes after the date hereoff, together with suche of his bretheren as are novve not here present, 
to enter at Seaton Delavale to Mr. Robert Delavale and his heires, to subscrybe and confyrme the same 
in all poynts contayned in this wryting. 

Sixtlye, that the lard Robert Fryssell, his sonnes and brethren, shall att any tyme uppon notyce 
given of an hurt doune to any of the howse of Seaton Delavale or the dependers thereof, as frendes, fol- 
lowers, tenants and servants, by any person in the reahne of Scotland, doe all and everye the uttermest 
of there indevoure to learne thereof and give notyce and knowledge thereof to the cheiff of the house of 
Seaton Delavale. 

Seventhly, thatt all these artyckles and condytyons contayned in them shall be performed in every 
sort, not only by the lard Robert Fresell, his sonnes and brethren nowe lyveing, butt that for ever the 
posteryty of the house of Euerton shall keepe and performe the lyk to the house of Seaton Delavale, 
without vyoalating any parte or poynt herein contayned, ever and forever caryinge and behavinge them- 
selffs as spetyall frends, lovers, and trewe assured favourers of the house and famyly of Seaton Delavale 
and belongers to yt, uppon payne of utter descredytt, shame, disgrace and losse of honesty to such as 
break ye same and there posteritery. And in wytnes of the premisses and performance hereof and everie 
article there conteyned, the sayd lard Robert Fryssell and Thomas Fryssell have subscrybed our names 
and sealed this wrytinge with the resydue of our brethren and sonnes thatt are nowe here present, pro- 
missing that our selffs, brethren and chylldren, shall att any tyme and all tymes hereafter be redye upon 
8 dayes warning at Seaton Delavale to give what further securytye off assurance and kyndnes shall by 
Mr. Robert Delavale or his heyres be demaunded or comanded att our hands or any that belonges us, 
eyther sonnes, brethren or frends. Geven at Seton Delavale the 19th daye of July and the 43rd yere of 
the reigne of our sovereigne lady Elizabeth, etc., 1602.' 

Sir Ralph Delaval, great-grandson of the above-mentioned Sir John 
Delaval, was a leading figure among the gentlemen of the county in the 
reign of James I. His character, drawn with filial care by Thomas Delaval 
of Hetton-le-Hole, shows him to have been a whole-hearted supporter of 
the new religion, a careful ruler of a large household, not without scholar- 

' 'An indenture betwixt Sir John Delavale and the Halls of Tyndall and Rydsdale.' -Marquis of 
Waterford's MSS. 


ship, but mainly occupied in county matters. As commissioner for the 
Borders in the time of James I. he enjoyed a position of some moment, 
and at home his power and influence were such as befitted the owner of 
a great estate. 

He kept an open, great, and plentifull house for entertainment, his owne family consisting dayly in 
his house of threescore persons and above. He was a justice of peace, of the quorum, in commission of 
oyer and terminer, the custos rotolorum, a deputy leieutenant ; he had been three times sheriff of 
Northumberland ; he was a commissioner for the Borders, one of the high commissioners of Durham, 
and was twise called up to give the king an account of the countrey affairs. His life was religious. He 
kept a chaplaine ever in his house that read publik prayers dayly in his house and preached each Sonday 
commonly in his chappell and taught and educated his children. He governed his people in excellent 
order, and stocked and managed his whole estate himselfe, directing his servants dayly their severall 
labours. He kept also the bookes of his cattell, corne, etc., and how they were disposed. He never rid 
to any publike assembly without five or si.v men in liveries and two or three of his sons to attend him. 
He never affected drinking. Cards nor dice, he never could abide them. He delighted much in the 
company of his kinsmen and friends and entertayning of strangers in his house. His apparell ever 
decent, not rich. He was a man of voluble tongue, excellent discourse and of good memory. He under- 
stood the Latine and Greek tongues, and in his younger dayes did write much of severall subjects. He 
understood the laws of the land expertly. His times of private devotions were dayly — at morne, noone 
and night. He loved hunting but left it of, long ere he died. He was very zelous in his religion which 
he openly professed to the last, and, having setled his estate by will of his own writing, taken the com- 
munion, blessed his wife and children and desiring absolution of his sins from the minister, which done, 
within 24 houres he made a calm and quiett period of his life.' 

So large a household could not be maintained without considerable 
expense, as may be seen from an account which Thomas Delaval has 
recorded of his father's charges. 

He paid to the king for the reprisall of Tinmoth rectory ^800. He paid for the purchase of 
Whitefryers and building the house there in Newcastle, as I have heard him oft say, viis et mociis, ^600. 
He paid to his household servants, cominttnibus anitis, yearely the sum of ^80. His charge in matching 
of his eldest son, for the setling of his estate, upon that and other incidents he ever said cost him first 
and last ^500. He gave his eldest daughter and hir husband and their servants three yeares' boord 
in his house. He did the very like to his second daughter and hir husband after their marrage. Many 
other great payments, charges and expenses he had in maintayning his children, his tillage, his charges 
in country affaires, sherewicks and the like, which cost him very much. Yett for all as aforesaid he 
never sold any part of the estate his father left him, save the tithe of Elwick in Bishoprick, which was 
worth ;^35 per annum.' 

The family estate had been subjected to annuities, to the amount of 
_^i7i 13s. 4d., under the will of Sir Robert Delaval, father of Sir Ralph, 
and had at the same time been partially dismembered by the grant of 
North Dissington to Sir John Delaval, second son of Sir Robert, for life and 

' ' A catologue of the acts of my father. Sir Raiphe Delaval, which he did for the bettering his house 
and estate, with the honour he lived in, his great expenses, and the like ; ' e.xtracted from a manuscript 
book compiled by Thomas Delaval, third son of Sir Ralph Delaval, in the possession of the marquis of 

^ Ibid. 


for a succeeding term of years. Black Callerton was given in lieu of dower 
to Barbara Delaval, widow of Sir Ralph Delaval's eldest son, Robert 
Delaval, who died in his father's lifetime. The young widow was left with 
an only child, his grandfather's heir and namesake, for whose wardship a 
yearly rent of £ioo was due to the Crown. The manor of Horton, 
purchased by Sir Robert Delaval in 1595, had been assigned, upon the 
death of Sir Ralph Delaval, to his widow in jointure. Thus Seaton 
Delaval and Hartley, with the moiety of Tynemouth rectory, alone remained 
to bear all charges laid upon the estate. 

Sir Ralph Delaval reckoned his total yearly outlay in annuities, rents 
and wages at ;^3ii 6s. 4d., and his annual rental at ;^i,99i 13s. 8d.' Seaton 
Delaval, Hartley and Tynemouth rectory alone brought in ^1,304 17s.; but 
that sum left no large margin after the payment of ;^7oo yearly in the 
additional annuities with which Sir Ralph Delaval had saddled his estate. 
Matters came to a crisis when the dowager Lady Delaval married her 
late husband's man, Francis Reed. Her angry sons discharged their step- 
father from Seaton Delaval, threatening his life if he remained longer in 
their service. Reed and his wife were in a position to retaliate. Lady 
Delaval had received, under her first husband's will, two-thirds of his 
personal estate." The remaining third had since been made over to her 
to provide for the portion of a posthumous daughter. All the farm stock 
was consequently in her possession, and this she removed to Horton, 
leaving the heir's estate uncultivated and tenantless. 

Tenants had to be found forthwith for Seaton Delaval and Hartley, but 
the best rents that could be obtained did not amount to more than £j6^ per 
annum, and this sum fell considerably short of the total charges upon the 
property. Arbitrators were appointed to settle the difficulty. On October 
2nd, 1630, they gave their award, abating Sir Ralph Delaval's annuities by 
so much as was needed to balance the charges upon the landed property 
with the revenue derived from it. This arrangement left;^ioo from Tyne- 
mouth rectory as a provision for the young Ralph Delaval and the upkeep 
of his house. It is hardly surprising that Barbara Delaval, acting in her 

' Thomas Delaval has given the following valuation of the family estates according to his father's 
estimate: Seaton Delaval, ^638; Hartley, £s\(> 17s. 6d. ; Horton, ^326 6s. 8d.; Black Callerton, 
^2209s.6d.; North Dissington, ^140; the moiety of Tynemouth rectory, ;/; 150. Ibid. 

■ Sir Ralph Delaval's personal estate was valued at ^2,934 6s. 9d., viz.: cattle, ^1,358 i6s. 6d.; corn, 
£3(^7 3s- 3d-; 'distinct parcells,' apparell, plate, etc., ^575 14s.; household stuff, ^633 13s. From this 
}iad to be deducted .£235 17s. 7d. in funeral charges and ^'748 2s. 5d. in payment of debts. Ibid. 


son's interests, refused to be bound by the award. A suit brought against 
her in Chancery for the detention of annuities resulted in a second award, 
made on September 14th, 1632, which re-affirmed the earlier settlement 
but released the defendant from the payment of arrears.' 

Ralph Delaval, for whose maintenance so much care had been 
exercised, had scarcely reached manhood at the outbreak of the Civil 
War. His marriage, at the age of twenty-four, with the daughter of the 
famous Leslie, bound him closely to the Presbyterian party with which 
he was sufficiently identified to be the first sheriff of the county appointed 
under the Commonwealth. He was returned for Northumberland to 
Richard Cromwell's parliament of 1659, as well as to the convention 
elected in the following year. The Restoration brought him a pardon 
and a baronetcy. Although he lost his seat in 1661, he came in on a 
by-election on March 15th, 1676/7, and was re-elected to the three 
subsequent parliaments. The character of the man, recalling that of the 
elder Sir Ralph Delaval, is well brought out in an anecdote told of him 
by Roger North. 

I must not omit one passage which shewed the steddy constancy of that gentleman's mind ; which 
was that, at the beginning of dmner, a servant brought him a letter, wherein was an account of a bag of 
water which was broke in his greatest colliery. Upon which, folding up the letter, said he, 'My lord, 
here I have advice sent me of a loss, in a colliery, which I cannot estimate at less than /7,ooo ; and 
now you shall see if I alter my countenance or behaviour from what you have seen of me already ;' 
and so fell to discoursing of these bags of water, and the methods to clear them, as if the case had been 
another's and not his own. He said his only apprehension was that the water might come from the sea ; 
and 'then,' said he, 'the whole colliery is utterly lost ; else, with charge, it will be recovered.' Where- 
upon he sent for a bottle of the water, and finding it not saline as from the sea, was satisfied. Afterwards 
we enquired if the water was conquered, and we were told it was not so bad as he expected. For it 
seems that although £i,yoo was spent upon engines, and they could not sink it an inch, yet ^600 more 
emptied it ; so that it had no more than the ordinary springs, and, in about six weeks, he raised 
coal again." 

Successful ventures in coal mining at Hartley, where he did much 
to encourage trade by the creation of Seaton Sluice,^ provided Sir Ralph 
Delaval with the resources necessary for attendance at court and Parliament, 
and enabled him to make good matches for his sons ; but the marriage 
of his heir, Robert Delaval, with the daughter of the earl of Newbrough, 
an ' over-forward beauty ' of King Charles H.'s court, brought unhappiness, 

' The two awards and numerous particulars concerning the value of the Delaval lands are given in 
Thomas Delaval's book already cited. 

- Roger North, Lift: of Lord Keeper Guilford, p. 138. 

' See above, p. 127, and vol. viii. of this work, p. 23. 



occasioned extravagance, and ended in open rupture.' Robert Delaval 
died at an early age in 1682, leaving no children, so that his next surviving 
brother, Ralph Delaval, became heir to his father, whom he eventually 
succeeded as second baronet. 

In 1684 a marriage vv'as arranged and solemnised between Ralph 
Delaval the younger and Diana Booth, daughter of Lord Delamere. 
Under the terms of the marriage settlement, the succession to Seaton 


Seaton Lodge. 

Delaval and Hartley was limited to Ralph Delaval, junior, and his wife, and 
to the survivor of them, with remainder to the heirs male of their bodies, 
and, for want of such issue, to John Delaval, second surviving son of Sir 
Ralph Delaval, senior, subject to the payment of _^8,ooo for the portions 
of his elder brother's daughters. A year after this marriage had taken 
place, the old baronet quitted his manor-house of Seaton Delaval for the 

' Some account of Lady Elizabeth Delaval, with extracts from her unpublished autobiography, are 
given in Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newcastle, 3rd series, vol. i. pp. 149-153. 

Vol. LX. 



Lodge, a large, and at that time new, thatched house standing in the dene 
near Seaton Sluice/ There he spent the last six years of his life, while 
his son and daughter-in-law resided in the manor-house. The second 
baronet did not long survive his father, dying in 1696. His personal 
estate went to pay his creditors, while Seaton Delaval and Hartley devolved 
upon his widow under the terms of the marriage settlement. 

Sir John Delaval, the third baronet and only surviving male repre- 
sentative of Sir Ralph Delaval, senior, came into the possession of 
Seaton Sluice, and the various coal mines, quarries and salt-pans upon 
the estate. Like his father he continued to reside at the Lodge. His 
sister-in-law, the widow of the second baronet, lived at Seaton Delaval, 
which she brought by marriage to her second husband. Sir Edward 
Blackett of Newby, in Yorkshire. Immediately after her death, in 
October, 17 13, Sir John Delaval attempted to take possession of Seaton 
Delaval and Hartley, but was resisted by the servants of Sir Edward 
Blackett, whose claims upon the estate were not yet satisfied. Under 
the marriage settlement of 1684 a charge of j<"8,ooo was due to Diana 
Delaval, as only child of the second baronet. Blackett had taken 
steps to secure this for his own family bv marrying the heiress to his eldest 
son within two months of his own marriage with Diana Delaval's mother. 
The young bride was only thirteen years of age, but the prospect of so 
considerable a portion made it desirable to have her as daughter-in-law 
as well as step-daughter. By certain articles of agreement then made it 
was arranged that the portion of _^8,ooo should be paid to Sir Edward 
Blackett, and that William Blackett, the husband of Diana Delaval, should 
not meddle with it. Sir Edward Blackett strengthened his hold by taking 
out letters of administration upon his daughter-in-law's death. The framers 
of the settlement of 1684 had done their work badly. They had charged 
the daughter's portion upon lands held for life by the parents, and had 
left the next heir with no means of payment until the expiration of a life 
estate. Taking advantage of this peculiar arrangement, Sir Edward Blackett 
procured from the sole surviving trustee, in 1709, a conveyance of the trust- 
estate, for a term of years defeasible upon payment of the charge of ;^8,ooo, 
with interest at six per cent. By the time that Lady Blackett's death 

' Mention of Seaton Lodge is first made in an indenture of 1670, wherein it is described as 'the 
messuage called the Lodge in Seaton Delaval, heretofore in the possession of Thomas Haruood, master 
and mariner.' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


rendered it possible to pay her daughter's portion, the original ^8,000 had 
increased to a total indebtedness of ^^14,624 12s. yd. As Sir John Delaval 
refused to pay this sum, Sir Edward Blackett petitioned the Court of 
Chancery for an order of sale of Seaton Delaval and Hartley manors, and, 
on July 7th, 1 715, obtained from that court an order for the amount 

Sir John Delaval, although 'an intelligent person and carefull,' found 
it impossible to raise the large sum of money due to Sir Edward Blackett 
without selling a considerable portion of his landed property. His design 
was strongly opposed by his son-in-law, John Rogers of Denton, who had 
married his only child, Anne Delaval, and it might possibly have been 
postponed but for an offer for Seaton and Horton made by one of the 
baronet's own kinsmen. Admiral George Delaval, the prospective pur- 
chaser, belonged to a cadet branch of the family which had settled at 
Dissington a century previously. His father, a small landowner with several 
children, had left his family indifferently provided. A legacy of one 
hundred pounds had been the sole benefit that George Delaval received 
under his father's will ; but a combined naval and diplomatic career 
brought him fortune and sufficient wealth, whether acquired in Portugal 
or Morocco, to purchase the forfeited Shafto estate of Bavington, to 
buy Sir John Delaval's lands and to employ Vanbrugh as his architect 
for the noble hall of Seaton Delaval. 

Early in 17 18 Seaton and Horton changed hands." The admiral 
satisfied the respective claims of Sir Edward Blackett and of Sir John 
Delaval, and employed the remainder of his life in planting and improving 
the estate and in building the new hall. He died on June 22nd, 1723, 
having a month previously made his will, devising Bavington to his sister's 
son, George Shafto, and the remainder of his estates to his brother's son, 
Francis Blake, son of Edward Delaval of South Dissington.' 

Francis Blake-Delaval, a naval officer like his uncle, was grandson, 
on his mother's side, of Sir Francis Blake of Ford, under whose will he 
had inherited Ford castle and the property belonging thereto. Hartley 
came to him upon the death of Sir John Delaval in 1729 and thus became 

' Chancery Proceedings, 'Bridges,' bundle 278, and Depositions, 1714-175S, bundle 1,346. 

'"' The exact date of transfer of Seaton Delaval apears to have been January 3rd, 1718/9, but terms 
had been arranged nearly a year previously. See letters quoted by Mr. J. Robinson in Delaval Papers, 
pp. lig-122. 

' A biography of Admiral Delaval is given in BiograpJiia Navalis, vol. iii. pp. 96-98. 


re-united to Seaton Delaval and Horton. On his father's death, in 1744, 
he inherited vSouth Dissington. All these properties (with the exception of 
South Dissington, which he appears to have sold at about this date) were 
settled by him, on January 19th, 1748, upon his eldest son in tail male, with 
successive remainders to each of his other sons, and, in default of issue in the 
male line, upon his daughters in tail male. Dying on December 9th, 1752, 
he was succeeded by his eldest son, the gay and fashionable Sir Francis 

Three years of gallantry having involved Sir Francis Blake-Delaval 
in debt to the extent of ,^45,000, a private Act of Parliament was obtained 
for the payment of his personal debts by the sale or mortgage of a portion 
of the family estate. The manors of Ford, Horton and Hartley were 
vested in John Delaval, brother of Sir Francis, and in Elisha Biscoe, who 
were empowered, as trustees, to raise the required sum of ^45,000 by a 
mortgage laid upon the Ford property, and to pay an annuity of ^4,000 
to Sir Francis Blake-Delaval, who meanwhile retained the management of 
Seaton Delaval.' 

John Delaval, to whom Elisha Biscoe surrendered his trust in 1761, 
had, in 1759, succeeded his mother, Rhoda Blake-Delaval, in the property 
of Doddington, in Lincolnshire. This had descended to Mrs. Blake-Delaval 
under the will of her mother, Sarah, wife of Robert Apreece and surviving 
daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Hussey." Upon inheriting Doddington, 
John Delaval assumed the additional surname of Hussey. He was created a 
baronet in 1761, and, upon his brother's death without legitimate issue in 
1771, succeeded to the Northumbrian estates of Seaton Delaval, Hartley and 
Horton under the terms of the settlement of 1748. He had previously ac- 
quired Ford in fee simple by purchase from his brother and the mortgagees. 

Sir John Hussey-Delaval received an Irish peerage in 1783, and three 
years later was elevated to the peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron 
Delaval of Seaton Delaval. Dying in 1808 without male heir, his honours 
expired with him. By his will he devised Ford, and all other real property 
of which he had the disposal, to his widow, Lady Delaval, for her life, 
with remainder to his grand-daughter, Susannah Hussey, marchioness of 

' Act of Parliament, 29 Geo. II. cap. xlix. .See also above, p. 12S, note. 

^ Cole, Histo>y vf Doddington, p. 1 1 5, a work containing much useful information, genealogical and 
otherwise, regarding the last two generations of the Delaval family. 


Waterford/ and to her heirs. The whole of the entailed estates devolved 
upon his brother, Edward Hussey-Delaval, upon whose death, in 18 14, the 
Delaval family became extinct in the male line. Seaton Delaval, Hartley 
and Horton went, in accordance with the entail made in 1748, to Sir Jacob 
Henry Astley of Melton Mowbray, bart., as son and heir of Sir Edward 
Astley by Rhoda Delaval, eldest daughter of Francis Blake-Delaval, senior. 
From Sir Jacob Astley these properties have passed to his descendant 
and present representative, Albert Edward Delaval Astley, thirteenth 
Lord Hastings. 

The heraldry of the Delaval family offers several points of difficulty. 
The seal of Robert Delaval of Seaton, attached to a deed at Biddleston 
dated 1294, shows ermine^ three bars, over all a bend. His uncle, Sir 
Hugh Delaval of Newsham, bore on his seal ermine^ two 
bars, over all a bend, as may be seen from an impression 
attached to a document in Durham Treasury, dated 1287." 
On two shields of the fourteenth century in the chapel at 
Seaton Delaval, the arms appear as ermine, two bars, 
differenced witJi a molet on the upper bar. The same mark 
of difference appears upon the shield of William Delaval of delaval. 

Seghill in the Northern Roll of 1420- 1430, where the bars 
are tinctured vert ;' and the coat oi ermine, two bars vert, is first evidenced, 
as the armorial bearings of John Delaval [of Newsham], in Jenyns' Roll, a 
compilation of the fifteenth century.'' This was the form in which the arms 
were assumed by the later Delavals, the shield of Sir John Delaval of 
Seaton Delaval being so blazoned in Constable's Roll of 1530'' and in a 
visitation taken in 1561." 

Three additional quarterings are given in Flower and Glover's visitation 
taken in 1575, namely, (2) giiles, three horses heads argent, bridled or ; 
(3) gules, three eagles displayed argent, and (4) gules, a lion rampant 

' Lady Susannah Hussey Carpenter, only daughter and heir of George Carpenter, second earl of 
Tyrconnel, by Sarah Hussey Delaval, his wife, married, by special licence, August 29th, 1S05, Henry de 
la Poer Beresford, second marquis of Waterford, and died June 7th, 1828. 

- Dur. Trcas. Misc. Chart. No. 1,469. ' Arch. Ad. 3rd series, vol. ii. p. 175. 

* Jenyns' Ordinary, however, gives ermine, two bars gemclles and a cliicf or. 

^ Longstaffe, Tonge's Visitation, Surt. Soc. No. 41, p. xi. 

" Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 12,477, fol. 100. The shield ermine two bars on the west turret of Bothal 
castle does not necessarily represent Delaval, as suggested by Mr. C. J. Bates in Border Holds, p. 290, 
but may equally well be the shield of Sir Roger Mauduit III. of Eshot, who bore those arms with the 
bars tinctured gules. Although the Mauduits at this time were nominally under forfeiture, it does not 
appear that they were actually deprived of their lands. 


cnniiic, aniied and crouuicd or} The anus in tlie second quarter are 
tliose of Horsley,^ from whom the hiter Delavals professed descent. The 
third quarter presents considerable difficulty, since there is no trace of a 
Delaval alliance with any of the families that are known to have borne 
these arms. It is just possible that this may be the coat of Robert de 
Biddleston, whose heiress brought Biddleston, Brandon and Branton to 
the Delavals. The device in the fourth quarter reappears in one of the 
fourteenth-century shields in the chapel at Seaton Delaval, where the 
lion is charged with a molet, and may possibly represent the ermine lion of 
the Bolbecs.' An anonymous visitation of Northumberland, taken in 156 1/2, 
places on the shield of Sir John Delaval of Seaton Delaval a canton similar 
in its character to this quarter, namelv, gtiles, a lion passaiit ermine, crowned 
collared langiicd and armed or, with the note, 'This canton won in France 
in Edward iiij"' tyme.' ^ 

The Horsley quartering disappears from the shield in St. George's 
visitation of 16 15. Its place is taken, in a certificate made on the death 
of Sir Ralph Delaval in 1628,^ by the coat of Greystoke (modern)," harry 
of six, argent and azure. This occupied the third quarter, while the three 
eagles were promoted to the second. In Dugdale's visitation, taken in 
]666, a new arrangement is introduced, the lion being placed in the third 
quarter and the Greystoke coat in the fourth. 

A goat's head appears on the signet used by James 
Horsley, alias Delaval, and in Flower and Glover's visita- 
tion the crest is given as a goafs head ermine, attired and 
out of a coronet or, but in the certificate taken in 1628 this 
has been replaced by a ram's head erased ermine, armed or, 
a crest borrowed from the Greys.' The family motto, as seal of James horslev 
given in the visitation of 1575, is Dicu nous conduictc. «a« Delaval. 

' Brit. Mus. Harl. MSS. 1,171, fol. 80 b. 

■ Not specially Horsley of Outchester, the same arms being borne by the Horsley families of Long 
Horsley and of Scranwood. 

' In Glover's roll, temp. Henry III., ed. Nicolas, the arms of Hugh de Bolbec are given as vert, ung 
lion d'crmync rampand. 

* Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 12,477, fol- 17. ' State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. vol. dxxix. No. 39. 

" In the certificate of 162S this c|uarter is tricked with three annulets or garlands in chief, although 
the charge is not given in the blazoning. The three annulets are repeated on the monumental slab of Sir 
John Delaval of Dissington at Newburn ; while in Dugdale's visitation it takes the form of argent, tu'o bars 
azure, over nil three chaplets of the first (an evidently mistaken tincture). For further information on the 
subject see a paper by Mr. S. S. Carr in Proc. Soc. Antiq. Neie'cnstle, 2nd series, vol. ix. pp. 179-183. 

■ The anonymous visitation of 1561/2 gives the ram's head, but .adds : 'This crest ys John Grey's ; 
query th' ordre.' Brit Mus. Add. .MSS. 12,477, fol. 17. 




Arms: (Jiuutcrly, I, enniiie, two Inirs verl (Delaval) ; 2, gulf s, Ihife horses' heads 
iirgeiil, hvidleil or (lloisley) ; 3, S'^les, threi eii«!es ilisfilayeJ argent ; 4, gules, a 
Hon rampant ermine, armed and crowned or. Ckest : A goat's head ermine, 
attired and out of a coronet or. MoTTO : l^ieu nous conduicte. Flower and 
Glover, Visitation of Korlhiimliertand, 1575. For variations of the coat, see 

above, pp. 165-166, 


Hugh fitz Roger, great-great-grandfather of Robert de la Val (/Vac. de Q. IV. 
p. 589) ; had a grant from Hen. U. of free warren in Seaton Delaval, Callerton, 
and Holywell (^itiid.) ; paid scutage on two knights' fees, 1161.1165 iPipe Rolls"). 

Gilbert de la Val, held the barony of Callerton in ir66 by two knights' fees, as his 
ancestors had done temp. Henry I. (^Liher Niger) ; also held lands in Hartley, 
Holywell, and Eachwick ; a benefactor of Brinkburn priory {^Brinklmrn Chart. 
p. 186) ; joined with other northern barons in demanding a charter of liberties from 
King John in 12 15 {Chronica Majora, vol. ii. p. 585) ; living in 1226 {I'ipe Rolls). 

Sir Eustace de la Val, knight, exchanged = Christiana, des- 

two carucates in Benwell for sixty cribed as old and 

acres in Dukesfield, 7th January, 1218/9 feeble at time 

{Feet of Fines, Hen. III. Xo. 10) ; did of her husband's 

homage in 1229 for his fathei's lands death, when she 

in Callerton, Dissington, and Seaton received dower, 

Delaval {Excerpta ex Rot. Fin. vol. i. 15th March, 

p. 180) ; held Eachwick of Hugh de lisyjS (Close 

Bolbec, and Holywell of Hugh de Rolls, 42 Hen. 

Baliol in jure maritagii, circa 1240 III. mem. 9); 

{Testa de Nevill) ; summoned to do claimed lands in 

military service in Scotland, 17th Hartley and 

January, 1257/8 {Clo^e Rolls, 42 Hen. Holywell as 

HI. mem. 12 d) ; inquisition taken dower in 1260 

same year {Cat. Imj. p.m. Hen. HI. {Curia Regis 

p. 112) ; died s.p. Rolls, No. 109). 

Sir Henry de la Val, knight, to- 
gether with Robert de Wycestre 
held half of Benwell of Hugh de 
Bolbec circa 1240 ( Testa de Nevill); 
acquired Brampton and the moiety 
of Biddleston by marriage ; ap- 
pointed king's escheator in North- 
umberland, 3rd July, 1251 {Close 
Rolls. 33 Hen. 111. mem. 9) ; sum- 
moned to do military service in 
Scotland, 17th January, 1257/8 ; 
found to be heir to his brother, 
Eustace de la \'al, in 1258, being 
sixty years of age {Cal. Gen. p. 80) ; 
died before loth May, 1270 {Pat. 
Rolls, 54 Hen. 111. mem. 7). 

.Margery, dau. 
and co-heir 
of Robert 
de Biddles- 
ton {Pedi. 
grees from 
Plea Rolls, p. 
32) ; joined 
her husband 
in 1240 in 
granting Kid- 
la nd to 
priory {New- 
pp. 164-165). 

Robert ' filius Gilleberti 
de la Val ' {Brinkfmrn 
Chart, p. 144). 

Engeram de la Val, prior of St. Alban's, 
died 30th May, 1236 {Chronica 
Majora, vol. vi. p. 274). 

Margaret, to whom her kinsman, Walter de Bolam, 
granted a rent-charge on Newton {Newminster 
Chart, pp. 180-182). 

Eustace = Joan, married se- 

de la \'al, 
died in 
his f a - 
ther's life- 

condly, Sir Nicho 
las de Punchardon 
{Sef'V Charters) ; 
to whom her sou 
granted land in 
Biddleston, 25th 
August and 

1 294 

d) Matilda, daughter and : 
co-heir of Hugh de Bol- 
bec, and widow of Robert 
de Beumys {Cal Doc. Rrl. 
Scot. vol. i. p. 45S) ; mar- 
ried a second lime before 
126S ((Ta/. Gen. p. 127); 
inquisition taken, 20th 
April, 1281 {Cal. Imj.p.m. 
vol. ii. p. 235). 

P'our sons, 

I I I 
all died 

in their mother's lifetime 

Sir Hugh de la \'al, knight, held for life a third 
of the Bolbec inheritance {Cat. Gen. p. 619) ; 
granted Benwell manor house to Hexham 
priory (Raine, Hexham Priory, \ol. ii. p. 114) ; 
served in Wales in 1277 and 1282 {Parlia- 
mentary Writs, vol. i. pp. 206, 230) ; summoned 
to do military service in Scotland in 1291 
(;■/;/(/. p. 256), and in Gascony in 1294 
{ilnd. p. 259) ; present at the battle of Forfar, 
July, 1296 {Cat. Pat. Rolls, 1292-1301, p. 
193) ; inquisition taken 14th Jul)', 1302 
{Inq. p.m. 30 F^dw. 1. No. ig). 


{Cal. Gen. p. 308). 

Robert de la Val, heir to his grandfather, born ^ Margaret, sister of 

at Seaton Delaval, 22nd June, 1263 {Cal. John de Grey- 

Gen. p. 352) ; proof of age taken gth Sep- stoke, had rever- 

tember, 12S4 {iliid.) ; served in Gascony in sion of two-thirds 

1294 {Gascon Roll-, vol. lii. p. 126) ; sum- of Coniscliffe for 

moned to do military service in Sc(jtland in life {Cal. Gen. 

12cj6(Parliamentajy Writs,vo\.i.p.2yT) ; p. 649); living 

killed at the battle of Stirling, nth Sept. a widow in 130S 

1297 (/«(/. p.m. 25 Edw. I. No. 47) ; died (Assise Rolls, 

s.p. ; inquisition taken Sth Nov. 1 297 (ildd.). No. 660). 

Margery, married circa 1281 Andrew de Smjnhe- 
ton {Cal Gen. p. 540) ; found sister and 
heir of Robert de la Val in 1297, being then 
about thirty years of age (ifiid.) ; together 
with her husband settled the moiety of Bid- 
dleston and, land in .^Inham in 1304 upon her 
kinsman, Sir Walter de Selby, and his wife 
Katherine (Feet of Fines, 32 Edw. 1. No. 75) ; 
died s.p. ; inquisition taken 4th November, 
131 1 {hKj.p.m. 5 Edw. II. .Mo. 70). 

1 68 


Sir Robert tie la Val, knight, born 5th August, 1289 ; 
cousin and heir of Margery de Smytheton (/«y. 
p.m. 5 Edw. I r. No. 70) ; defended Tynemouth 
castle against Gilbert de Middleton circa 1 31 7 
^.-iiicienl Petilioiis, No. 3994) ; summoned to attend 
council at Westminster in 1324 (^Pailiammtary 
Writs, vol. ii. div. ii. p. 649) ; entailed Seaton 
Delaval, Dissington and Hartley in 1333 {a) (^Feet 
of Fines, Edw. III. Nos. 25 and 29); died at 
Seaton Delaval, 14th August, 1353 ; inquisition 
taken 1st October, 1353 X_Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. 
No. 67). 

.•Mice, daugh- 
ter of Sir 
William de 
Felton of 
had assign- 
ment of 
dower, 1st 
Oct., 1353 
(C«/. Close 
Rolls, 1349- 

Walter de la \'al, whom =: Alice, liv- Katherine, 

Sir Robert de la \'ai 
enfeoffed with lands 
in Ncwsham ; died 
before 25lh Sept., 
1 347 ( Cat. /'ill. Rolls, 
1345-1348, p. 420). 

mg 4th 
Oct. 1351 
Rel. Scot. 
vol. iii. p. 

mar. Sir Wal- 
ter de Selby of 
Seghill i^Feel 
of Fines, 32 
Edw. 1. No. 

Robert de la Val, connived at the escape of the earl of 
Wigton after Nevill's Cross, 1346, for which he for- 
fciteil his lands in Newsham {Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1345- 
1348, p. 420). 

(r) Ellen, daugh 
Sir Robert de 
bourn i^Cal. 
Rolls, 1318-13 

ter of 
•i. P- 

.1 . 
Sir William de la \'al, senior, 

Brandon and Dukesfield on 

131S-1323, p. 552), and Ca: 

Fines, Edw. III. No. 24); 

p. I, No. 104); inquisition 

knight, eldest son (^) ; on whom his father settled = (2) .\gnes(a) 

his first marriage, l8th .May, 1322 {Cal. Close Rolls, 
llerton on his second marriage in 1333 («) {Feet of 
died 9th September, 1349 {Imj. p.m. 24 F.dw. HI. 
taken 6th March, 1 349,50 {ihiit.'). 

Richard de la Sir Henry de la Val, knight (J)), ^ 
\'al {Rtillev Itorn at Seaton Delaval, I2th 

Cliiirters'):\n January, 1343/4; grandson 

Austin canon and heir of Sir Robert de la 

at Newcas- Val {.Ircli. .'lei. 1st series, vol. 

tie; ordained iv. p. 336) ; had licence to 

priest 1st cross the seas with the earl 

April, 1347 of March, 23rd October, 1374 

{Reg. Hat- {Foedera, vol. iii. p. 1014) ; 

fietil, fol. 95 died J./. 14th September, 1388 

v.). {hiq.p.m. 12 Ric. II. No. 54); 

inquisitions taken 30th Sep- 
tember and 3rd November, 
1388 {ihid.'). 

living l8th 
April, 1350 
{Cal. Close 
Rolls, 1 349- 
1354. P- 168). 

Joan, married before 12th June, 
1372 {Fine Rolls, 46 Edw. III. 
mem. 20) ; married secondly, be- 
fore iSth February, 1 388 '9, John 
Volstones {Cal Pat. Rolls, 1388- 
1392, p. 15) ; thirdly, before 13th 
January, 1 390/1, William deElme- 
den (Dur. Treas. Chart. Misc. No. 
353') ; and fourthly, before 26th 
April, 1403, Sir Richard de Golds- 
burgh {[m/. p.m. 4 Hen. IV. No. 
27) ; died 22nd .Ma)', 1432 {iliid. 
10 Hen. \'I. No. 44) ; mquisition 
taken 20th August, 1432 {Hid.'). 


Alice, sister and heir, married 
before 1 388, John de Whit- 
chester {h') ; was then about 
fort}' years of age (/ff^. 
p.m. 12 Ric. II. No. 54); 
married secondly. Sir John 
.Manners of Etal ; died 26th 
December, 1402 {iliid. 4 
Hen. I\'. No. 27); inqui- 
sitions taken 29th January 
and 26th April, 1403 {ibid.). 

For issue see pedigree of 

Sir Robert de = 
la Val, km., 
second son, 
{fi), on 
whom his 
father set- 
tled News- 
ham {/nj. 
ad q. d. file 
331, No. 6). 

Sir William de la Val, junior, knight, third son {b), inherited Benwell under 
entail made by his father in 1349 (3) ; acquired lands in Eslington by 
marriage ; had Seghill, half of the manor of Biddleston, and lands in 
Alnham convej'ed to him by his cousin, Walter de Selby, in 1351 {Feet 
of Fines, Edw. III. No. 90I ; appointed chamberlain, chancellor and 
controller of customs at Berwick in 1 364 {Rot. Scotiae, vol. i. pp. 883, 884, 
888); served in France under the Black Prince in 1369 {Foedera, vol. iii. 
p. 873); entailed all his lands circa 1371 (a); appointed escheator in 
the northern counties, loih December, 1373 {Fine Rolls, 47 Edw. III. 
mem. 15); knight of the shire in 1373, 1377, 1380 and 1383; Hving at 
Seghill, 6th June, 1390 {Coram Rege Rolls, No. 518, mem. 25 d). 

: Christiana, daughter 
and co-heir of 
Robert de Esling- 
ton, married be- 
fore 6th December, 
1352 {Coram Rege 
Rolls, No. 371, 
mem. 39) ; died 
20th Jul)', 1364 
{Tnq.p.m.c) Ric. II. 
No. 21). 

(I) .Marga-: 
ret, daugh- 
ter of John 
de Mitford, 
articles be- 
fore mar- 
riage dated 
30th Sept., 
13S5 (a); 
living 28th 
1423 00- 


John de la \'al (//), on whom his father = 
settled Newsham, 30th Sept., 1383 (a) 
{Inq.p.m. 10 Ric. II. No. 1 17); laid 
claim, on the death of his cousin. Sir 
Henry de la Val, 10 the entailed estates 
of Seaton Delaval, Dissington, and 
Hartley {Cal. Pat. Rolls, r388-I392, 
p. 144) ; succeeded to lands in Benwell 
on the death of his kinsman, William 
de la Val {h) ; died 26th December, 
1455, or 8th January, 1455/6 ; in- 
quisitions taken I2th June, 1456, and 
14th February, 1461/2 (/'/'/. 34 
Hen. VI. No. 27, and i Edw. IV. 
No. 14). 


:(2)Agnes William de la Val, held 

{Early a fourth part of Ben- 

Chan. well in 1375 {Coram 

Proc. Rege Rolk, No. 459, 

bundle mem. 50) ; found son 

29. No. and heirof Christiana 

341). de Eslington in Jan., 

1385/6, being then 

23 years of age (/'"/. 

p.m. 9 Ric. II. No. 

21) ; claimed a third 

of Eslington in right 

of his mother in 1387 

( Ca/. /'a/. /?«/&, 1385- 

1389, p. 384). 

John (/<) or 
George de la 
Val, was en- 
feoffed of 
one-third of 
Benwell by 
his father's 
trustees, and 
held same in 
1366, being 
then a mi- 
nor {Assize 
Rolls, No. 
1475, mem. 

married se- 
condly, Wil- 
liam EUer- 
by, mayor 
of New- 
castle 1423- 
1426 {Early 
Chan. Proc. 
bundle 68, 
No. 254). 


Elizabeth, daughter and heir, married John WoJ- 
man, alias Horsley (/i), of Horsley in Ovingham ; 
articles before marriage dated 28th September, 
1423(a) ; died in her father's lifetime. 

See Table II. 

(a) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

William de la Val of Seghill and Benwell = Margaret, daughter of Sir 

{b), a ward of the abbot of St. .Alban's, 
4th December, 142 1, then aged 17 {St. 
A Wans Register, fol. 61 b) ; conveyed 
Seghill to his step-father to hold to 
uses ; died s.p. before 1441. 

John de Widdrington, 
who, with her husband, 
received seisin of lands 
in Seghill, 14th October, 
1434 ('0- 

(/;) Flower, Visitation of Yorkshire, 1 563/4. 




James Horslev (c), otherwise James Woodman, inherited Newsham from his 

father, John Delaval, and succeeded to Seaton Dehival in 147 1, after the death of his kins- 
woman, dame EMzabeth Burcester ; assumed the name of Delaval, and as James Delaval, alias 
James Uorsley, had a pardon, gth July, 1484, for all offences committed before 1st February, 

1483/4 (/) ; living 20th June, 1492 (/). 

maternal grand- = Marion (;), or Mar- 
gery (y^, daughter 
of Robert Mitford 
(f), married before 
1446 (/). 

John Delaval of Seaton Dela- 
val, son and heir {e) ; 5th 
March, 1497/8, exchanged 
certain lands with Sir 
Humphrey Lisle (y) ; mar- 
ried before 20th June, 1492 
(y^ ; died 4th February, 
1497/8 (/) ; I)iq. p.m. 30th 
September, 1505 (/). 

Anne (h), daughter of Sir 
Thomas Grey (/) of Chil- 
lingham (h) ; she married 
second, circa 17th No- 
vember, 1507, Thomas 
Hopton of Mirfield, co. 
York (/), and third, 
Sir Philip Dacre of 
Morpeth, knight (/). 

Robert Delaval, to whom his 
father, loth February, 1492/3, 
gave a lease of lands in Mil- 
burn, Hawkwell, Dinnington, 
Hol}nvell and Newcastle (/) ; 
administration of his personal 
estate, 31st March, 1536, 
granted to his nephew. Sir 
John Delaval (/). 

I I 
Guy Delaval (/), held a 

tenement in Hartley for 

life (ti) ; [Dorothy, dau. 

of Guy L)elaval of Horton, 

married William Aynsley 

of Shafto (0) ]. 
Anthony Delaval, named 

in 1499 as brother of 

Robert (/). 

George Delaval of Seaton Dela- 
val, son and heir («) ; was three 
years of age at his father's 
death (/); 7th April, 1509, con- 
tracted to marry Elizabeth, 
dau. of Richard, Lord Lumley 
(/) ; died under age, 15th 
March, 1513/4 («) ; Inq. p.m. 
20th April, 1 5 19 (;<). 

Sir John Delaval of Se.iton Delaval, knight {/), born 
l6th April, 1498 (ji) ; high sheriff of Northumber- 
land, 1527, 1533, 1542, 1548, 1554 ; died seised of 
the manors of Seaton Delaval, Black Callerton and 
Dissington, and of lands in Biddleston, Branton, 
West Heddon, Hartley and Holywell ; will dated 
4th December, 1562 ; to be buried in the chapel of 
Seaton Delaval (^) ; died 14th December, 1562; 
inquisition taken loth November, 1563 (»). 

Mary (n), dau. 
of Thomas 
Carey of Chil- 
ton, Wilts 
(i*), and sis- 
ter of Robert, 
Lord Huns- 

, I I 

Margaret, mar- 
ried Sir Wil- 
liam Ogle ((■) 
of Cockle 

Anne, married 
man in). 

Sir John Delaval of Seaton Delaval, 
knight (e) ; was 40 years of age 
at his father's death iv) ; entered his 
pedigree, 1 563/4 (^) ; high sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1565 and 1571 ; 
will dated 31st December, 1571 ((5) ; 
to be buried in the chapel of Seaton 
Delaval ; died 3rd January, 1571/2 
{yj) ; inquisition dated 19th May, 
1572 («/). 

Anne, or Ag- 
nes, widow 
of Sir Himi- 
phrey Lisle, 
and dau. 
of Ralph, 
Lord Ogle 


Edward De- 
laval if.-) (J) 
of New-sham 

See pedigree 
of Delaval 
of Tyne- 

I I I I 

Anne (c), married Robert Raj-mes (f) of 

Shortflat (c). 
Eleanor, married William Fenwick {Ji) of 

Bitchfield («■) ; marriage settlement, 2 1st 

October, 1554 {J~). 
Mary, married circa 19th August, 1562 (/), 

Thomas Morton of Berwick (b) («). 
Beatrice {e). married Edward Errington (//) 

(■«■) of Butterley («). 
All living 4th December, 1562 (/(). 

Sir Robert Delaval (/) of .Seaton Delaval, knight, aged 
30 at his father's death {w) ; high sheriff of Northum- 
berland, 1575, 15S3, 1592; knighted 13th April, 1603; 
entered his pedigree, 1575 («) ; purchased the manor of 
Horton in 1595 (/) ; with the consent of Thomas 
JJelaval, his brother, sold his lands at Biddleston, I2th 
June, 1576, to Thomas Selby (/) ; died 1st January, 
1606/7 (x) ; will dated iSth November, 1606 (<:) ; Iitq. 
p.m. nth September, 1607 (.r). 

Dorothy, daugh- 
ter of Sir Ralph 
Grey of Chil- 
lingham, knt. 
(«) ; articles 
before mar- 
riage, 24th 
January, 1 57 1/2 
GO ; died be- 
fore 1600 {J). 

Henry Delaval (i") of Black : 
Callerton (/) ; named 
in his father's will (/i), 
and in the settlement 
of 1 8th June, 1599 (*) ; 
conveyed his lands in 
Callerton to his brother 
Robert, 29th March, 
1588 if); living 26th 
September, 1 621 (_>>). 

: Dorothj', 
ter of 

(o); bur- 
ied I2th 

Edward, named in Ralph Delaval (/) of Black Callerton, living = .'^nn (c) Smith, mar- 

the will of his i6th December, 1628 (/) ; inventory 26th I ried at St. John's, 

uncle. Sir Robert April, 1631 ic) ; administration of his per- I Newcastle, i6th 

Delaval (c). sonal estate, 24th .August, 163 1 (c). ^ August, 1618. 

Nicholas (/), living 25th 
November, 1624 (/). 

Anthony (/>), living i6th 
November, 1628 (/). 

Thomas Delaval (c), to whom his father 
gave a rent charge payable out of Bid- 
dleston and Branton iji) ; joined in the 
sale of the Delaval lands at Biddleston, 
I2th June, 1576 ; named in the settle- 
ment, i8th June, 1599 (at); a feoffee 
of Cowpen, 9th Februar)', 1623/4 if) ; 
living at Seaton Delaval, 3rd June, 
1628 (/). 

Jane, named in her grandfather's will ifi) ; married Oswald Mitford of R3'al («) ; 

articles before marriage, 2Ist March, 1560/1. 
Dorothy («■), married Gilbert Errington of Wolsington (»/) ; monumental 

inscription, St. Michael le Ouerne, London. 
Agnes ie) or Anne («), named in her father's will (/') ; married, first, Thomas 

Cramlington of Newsham (h), and second, before 13th .'\pril, 1580, 

Robert Lewin of Newcastle (/). 
Catherine ie), named in her father's will (Ji) ; died unmarried ; nuncupative 

will proved 5th September, 1601 ic). 

Vol. IX. 



Sir Ralph Delavul of Seaton Delaval, : 
knight, was 30 years of age al the 
death of liis fatiier (.r) ; high sheriff 
of Northumberland, 1604, 1608, 
1621 ; knighted 1st February, 1607/8 ; 
entered his pedigiee, 1615 (o) ; 'he 
made a calm and quiet period of 
his life ' (_/), and died Monday, 24th 
November, 1628 («) ; buried in 
Seaton Delaval chapel ' in the upper 
end of the quire ' (/) ; will dated 
loth January, 1623/4 ! proved 2nd 
April, 1629 (0 00- 

Jane, dau. of Thomas 
Hilton, baron of 
Hilton in the bishop- 
ric (c) (0) ; articles 
before marriage, iSth 
June, 1599 (j:) (c) ; 
she married, second, 
before February, 
1630/1, Francis Reed, 
with whom she re- 
sided in her dower 
house at Horton 
(/) ; buried 21st 
April, 1645 («). 

Sir John 




Robert Delaval (0) of Cow- : 
pen (c), of the Middle 
Temple, 1600 ; served 
ill the Low Countries 
with the earl of North- 
umberland circa 1600 ; 
constable of Alnwick 
castle and receiver to 
the earl of Northumber- 
land (/) ; was residing 
at Newcastle ci7ca 1617 
(/} ; died 19th June, 
1629 (/) ; will dated 
15th June, 1629 (c). 

Alice, daugh. 
of William 
Riddell (0), 
married 9th 
161 1 (O ; 
named in 
her hus- 
band's will 
(0 ; living 
I2th Oct., 
1646 (y). 

Robert Delaval, son and heir(c)(o), 
born 22nd September, baptised 
1st October, 1600 (/) ; of Uni- 
versity College, Oxon.; [matricu- 
lated 23rd June, 1 621] ; admitted 
to Lincoln's Inn, iSth February, 
1618/9 ; articles before marriage, 
26th September, 162 1 (v); died 
4th March, 1622/3 (.r) ; ^»q. 
p.m. 29th April, 1623 (^'). 

Barbara, daughter of Sir 
George Selby of White 
house, CO. Durham (/) ; 
married l6th December, 
1621 (:) ; had Black 
Callerton for her jointure 
and was rated for the same 
in 1663 ; party to agree- 
ment, 2nd October, 1630 
(/) ; buried 7th December, 
1679 (/,). 

Ralph Delaval (c) (0), an exe- 
cutor of his father's will ; to 
whom his father gave, 9th 
February, 1623,4, 'he White 
Friars, Newcastle (/), and, b)- 
other deeds, the coal mines at 
Seaton and Callerton for his 
life(/^)(>') ; party to agreement, 
2nd October, 1630 ; living in 
London, nth November, 1651 

Thomas Dela- 
val (0 (0) of 
Durham and 
Hetton -le- 
Hole (/). 

Table IV. 

John Delaval (c) (0) of = Margaret 

I I 

Dosthorp, Northani])- 
tonshire (/») ; admitted 
to Lincoln's Inn, 19th 
May, 1629 ; party to 
agreement, 2nd Oct., 
1630 (/) ; was resid- 
ing at Whittlesey, co. 
Camb., and in the Isle 
of Ely, 30th Novem- 
ber, 1 64 1 (/) ; died 
iSth October, 1667 ; 
bur. at Peterborough 
cathedral (j). 

Knowles of 
the city of 
ter, mar- 
riage li- 
cence, 20th 
163S (/); 
died 23rd 



Edward Delaval (r) (0), 
baptised 3rd November, 
161 1 (a) ; party to 
agreement, 2nd Octo- 
ber, 1630 (/O ; died at 
sea, December, 1634 (/) 
(i), unmarried (/) ; ad- 
ministration of personal 
estate, 24lh December, 
1642 (0- 

William Delaval (c) of 

See Table \'. 


George Dela- 
val (c), died 
23rd, buried 
24th Decem- 
ber, 1628 
(a) (/), un- 
married (/); 
tion of his 
personal es- 
tate, 2nd 
April, 1629 

Henry Dela- = Magdalen 

val (0 (/), 
of Cowpen 
and Bed- 
lin gt on ; 
took lease 
of Cowpen 
tithes, 9th 
J a n uary, 

1653:4 U); 

30th Janu- 
ary, 1668 

(jf), dau. 
of Ralph 
Bowes of 
(/) ; living 
a widow, 
19th Oct., 
1691 C^-). 

George Delaval of Dosthorp, 
son and heir, buried at Peter- 
borough cathedral ; will dated 
26th Feb., 1674.5 ; proved 
22nd April, 1678 (i). 

I I I 

Ralph, bapt. 30th Sept., 1656 ; 
buried 8th Dec, 1659 (;). 

Henrj-, bapt. 19th Nov., 1658 ; 
buried Sth Dec, 1659 (i). 

Charles, buried 2Sth Septem- 
ber, 1660 (J). 

Dorothy, baptised 6th February, 1654/5 (J) ; married 
William Carnaby (..f) of Bedlington ; bond of 
marriage, 19th January, 1685. 

Ehzabeth, liv. at Bebside, unman, 19th Oct., l69l(j?'). 

[.Magdalen, married 
Henry Lee.] 

at Mitford, 25th May, 1679, 

„ 1, ^ „ M I I I I I I I I I 

Oharles IJe- Mary (0), married Sir George Bowes of Biddick, knight (;>) ; articles before marriage, 12th Dec, i6i8(/). 

laval (c), Dorothy (c) (0), baptised 27th December, 1604 (a) (/) ; married, as his second wife. Sir John Hedworth 

named in of Harraton, knight (;>) ; articles upon marriage, 2nd May, 162S. 

his father's Anne (c) (0), baptised l6th January, 1605/6 (a) (/) ; married before 14th September, 1632, 

will ; died Turner (/) of Highway, co. Wilts. 

28thDecem- Jane (c) (0), married, first, before 2nd October, 1630, Charles Kelliow of Newcastle (/), who died in 163S 

ber, 1628 (/), and second, circa 1640, Edward Ball of Newcastle (/). 

(/) («) ; Catherine (c) (0), married before 14th September, 1632, Toby Bowes (/) of Harraton (/). 

adniinistra- Isabel (c) (a), baptised 27th July, 1610 (a) ; living unmarried, loth June, 1635, at Whitburn, co. Durham 

tion of his (/) ; married John Widdrington (/) of Bridge" house, Plessey (/). 

personal es- Margaret (c) (0), baptised loth January, i6i2/3"(a) ; married before 6th December, 1634, Ralph Rokeby 

tate, 2nd of Harraton, co. Durham (/). 

April, 1629 Elizabeth (c) (0), baptised 12th February, 1614/5 (a) ; buried 19th January, 162S/9 (a) (/). 

(/)■ Martha (rr), unmarried 1632 (/) ; married Thomas Fitch ; living 13th November, 1637 (_/). 
Frances, baptised loth June, 161 7 (a) ; dead before the date of her father's will. 
Barbara, living unmarried, 1632 (/). 

B C 



I I I I I I I 
Barbara (0), baplised I4lh April, 1614 (/) ; buried 8th June, 1619 (0. 
Dorothy, baptised I3lh Manii, 1616/7 (;) ; dead before the date of her father's will. 
Mary (c) (/), baptised 29th July, 1618 (?) ; married, first, Robert Mitford of Scgliill, 

Cowpen ; died February, 1649/50 (r). 
Margaret (c) (/i), baptised 26th OotoL)er, 1619 (/) ; married at Bedlington, 23rd January, 1641/, 

Thornton, knight (i) (y) ; died 5th August, 1652 (7) ; monumental inscription, Coniscliffe. 
Elizabeth (c), baptised Ilth August, 1623 («') ; living unmarried, 2nd August, 1650 (r). 
Barbara (<;), baptised gth May, 1626 (;) ; married Sir William Carleton of Carleton, Cumberland, knight 
Alice (f), baptised 23rd December, 1627 (/) ; married Ralph Hebburn of Hebburn (^). 

d second, F^dward Grey of 
Sir Francis Bowes of 

Edward Dela- = Dorothy (/), 

side (c), to 
whom his fa- 
ther devised 
his lands 
and tithes in 
Cowpen (f) ; 
afterwards of 
Black Caller- 
ton ; party to 
deed, Sth 
May, 1658 

daughter of 
George Whit- 
field (0) of 
and widow 
of Thomas 
Ogle of Beb- 
side (0) ; 
died circa 

Claudius Delaval (0) (c) of University College, 
Oxon. ; matriculated 25th October, 1599, 
aged :6 ; B.A. 1603 ; admitted to Inner 
Temple, November, 1604 ; town clerk of 
Newcastle (/) ; buried 28th April, 1623 (0 ; 
administration of his personal estate, 3rd May, 
1623 (c) ; inventory, 6th May, 1623 (c). 

Francis Delaval (0) (c) of University Col- 
lege, Oxon. ; matriculated 26th October, 
I599> aged 15 ; of Inner Temple, 1602 ; 
married area 1625 (/) ; of Caversham, 
Oxon., 1633-1639 (/) ; living at Cavers- 
ham, 29th September, 1653 (Cn/. Com. /or 
CompoundiHg, p. 3145)- ^ 


Sir Ralph Delaval of Seaton Delaval, baronet (/"), grandson and heir, born 13th, = 
baptised 27th October, 1622 (a) ; of Queen's College, Oxon. ; matriculated 15th 
June, 1638 ; admitted to Lincoln's Inn, 28th November, 1639; high sheriff of 
Northumberland, 1649 ; created a baronet, 29th June, 1660; entered his pedigree 
at Dugdale's Visitation 0/ Nort/iiiiit/ifrlaiiii, 28th August, 1666 ; knight of the shire, 
1659, 1660, 1677, 1678, 1679, 1681 ; died 29th August, buried 1st September, 
1691, in Seaton Delaval chapel {a). 

I I 

Arthur Delaval, youngest son (o) (c), 
of University College, Oxon. ; 
matriculated I7lh October, 1600, 
ageil 12 ; admitted to Inner Temple, 
Noveml.)er, 1606 ; a haberdashei" in 
London in 1607 (_/) ; in the service 
of the earl of Dunbar, 1610 (/) ; 
buried at All Saints', Newcastle, 
nth March, 1645/6 (y) ; his widow 
was buried in the same place, 12th 
April, 1647 O). 

Jane (c) (0), married 5th September, 
161 5, Michael Mitford of Seghil! 
('0 (")• 

Anne, widow of Hugh Eraser, master 
of Lovat, and daughter of Alexander 
Leslie, earl of Leven (;>) ; married 
at St. Nicholas', Newcastle, 2nd 
April, 1646 (j) : buried 26th 
December, 1696 {h~), in Seaton 
Delaval chapel (a). 

Robert Delaval, son : 
and heir (/■), born 
Sth, baptised 22nd 
July, 1647 (rt) ; 
articles before 
marriage, 8th 
July, 1670 CO; 
married, October, 
1670 ; 'a very sick- 
ly young man ' ; 
died 1st August, 
1682 ; ' bur. in St. 
George's chapel, 
Windsor ' (J). 

Elizabeth Liv- 
ingston, dau. 
of James, 1st 
earl of New- 
brough (/) ; 
she married, 
second, Henry 
Hatcher of 
Kirby, CO. Lin- 
coln ; marriage 
licence ist Apl. 
16S6, she being 
30 years of age 
and he 22 (J:). 

second son 
(/■), bapt. 
30th Oct., 
^648 (a-)- 
admitted to 
Inn, 14th 
June, 1669; 
dead be- 
fore nth 
Oct., 1683 

Sir Ralph Delaval of Sea- 
ton Delaval, baronet, 
third son (/>), baptised 
26th November, 1 649 
(a) ; succeeded his 
father as second baro- 
net ; buried in Seaton 
Delaval chapel, 30th 
.August, i5g6 («) 
(y) : administration 
of his personal estate, 
1st April, 1706, to 
Hugh Massey, princi- 
pal creditor (d). 

Diana Booth, daugh- 
ter of George, Lord 
Delamere, marriage 
settlement, 22nd 
November, 1684 
(.?) ; she married, 
second, at St.Mary- 
le-Bow, Durham, 
2 Ist October, 1699, 
Sir Edward Black- 
ett, bart., and died 
7th October, 171 3 ; 
monumental in- 
scription, Ripon. 

Thomas De- 
laval, fourth 
son (/■). 
baptised at 
St. Oswald's, 
Durham, on 
29th May, 
1666 ; 

2 Ist 

Sir John Delaval of Seaton Dela- = Mary, dau. 
val, baronet, fifth son (;»), bap- of Edwd. 
tised 7th November, 1654 (n) ; Goodyer 
a colonel in the Guards, sen'ed of Dog- 
in many campaigns in Fland- mersfield, 
ers ; succeeded his brother. Sir Hants ; 
Ralph, as third baronet ; M.P. mar. li- 
forMorpeth, 1701, 1702 ; knight cence28th 
of the shire, 1705 ; sold Seaton May,i683 
Delaval and Horton and died (w) ; died 
at Seaton lodge, ' antiquorum 19th Oct., 
Delavallorum de Seaton lineali 1683, aged 
descensi heres ultimus obiit 23 years; 
quarto die mensis Junii et M.I.Dog- 
sepultus octavo ejusdem,' 1729 mersfield. 
(a) ; will dated 30th September, 
1726 ; proved at Durham, Ist 
July, 1729. I 

I 1 

Leslie Delaval, sixth 
son (/), baptised 
3rd September, 1657 
(a) ; dead before 
24th Nov., 1664 (/). 

Charles Delaval, se- 
venth son (/), bap- 
tised 24th December, 
1658 (a) ; was 8 
years of age in 1666 
(/■) ; died 2nd, buried 
5th February, 1694/5 
CO, in Seaton Delaval 
chapel (a) ; adminis- 
tration of his personal 
estate, 2nd October, 
1695, to his sister 
Dorothy (c). 

I I I M I 

Barbara (;>), buried 24th September, 1659 (;). 

Anne (/), unmarried 14th January, 1674 {/) ; 
married Chetwynd of Rugeley, co. Staf- 
ford ; administration of personal estate, I2th 
November, 1698, to her sister Dorothy (c). 

Margaret (/), baptised 2nd March, 1655/6 (a); 
married 14th January, 1675,6, William 
Strother of Fowberrj' (n) (/). 

Mary (;>), baptised 5th July, 1660 (a) ; 
died unmarried ; buried 4th September, 
1678 (rt). 

Barbara (/), baptised 2ist July, 1661 (a); 
died unmarried before 14th Januar}', 1 674 5 

Dorothy (/), baptised 17th September, 1662 
(/() ; living unmarried 1698 (/") ; [married at 
Wallsend" nth June, 1700, Thomas Airey 
of North Shields.] 





Diana, only surviving child, baptised at Dunham, in Cheshire, 3rd June, 
1686 (;) ; married at Skelton, near Ri|i(in (z), 17th December, 1699 
(/), William, eldest son of Sir Kdward Blackett, and died loth 
January, 1710; monumental inscription, Ripon. 

(«) Earsdon Re^hler. 

(//) Dnrlhiin W'llh and Inventories^ Surt. Soc. No. 2, pp. 304- 
205, 375-377. 

(c) Raine, Test. Dunehn. 

(f/) Ranie, Test. Ehor. 

(;•) Flower's Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4. 

(/) .Mar<iuis of Waterford's MSS. 

(.f ) Deeds of Mr. Sidney of Cowpen. 

(//) Tyneinoulli Register. 

(;) at. Nicholas' Register, Newcastle. 

(7) All Saints' Register, Newcastle. 

(/■) Marriage Licences, Faculty Office, Harl. Soc, Pub. No. 24, 
p. 179- 

(/) London Mai riage Licences, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 26, p. 239. 

(tii) .Marriage Licences, Vic. Gen., Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 34, p. 1 35. 

Ann, daughter and heiress, married John Rogers 
of Denton; died 3rd, i)uried nth January, 
1722;'3, in Seaton Delaval chapel, aged 34 
years (a) ; s.p. 

(«) Flower's Visitation o/Noi thutnfierinnd, l^"]^. 

(0) St. George's Visitation of Northiimlierland, 1615. 

(/) Dugdale's Visitation of Northumtierland, 1666. 

(y) Sharp's Pedigrees, vol. iii. p. 434, Durh. Cath. Libr. 

(7-) Welford, Royalist Compositions, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. in. 

(s) Delaval pedigree, compiled by Beltz, Lancaster Herald, 

Bell Collection at Alnwick castle. 
(/) Chancery Inq. p.m. second series, vol. xi.x. No. 4. 
(w) Hid. vol. xxxiv. Nos. 48 and 53. 
(v) Ihid. vol. cxxxvii. No. 42. 
(to) Iliid. vol. clxi. No. 125. 
(:i:) lllid. vol. ccc. No. 185. 

( r) Ihid. vol. ccccii. No. 130, and vol. ccccxli. No. 15. 
(z) Chancery Proceedings, before 1714, Bridges, 278, and 

1714-175^, bundle 1346. 

Anne, widow of 
Thomas Hilton, 
baron Hilton, 
and dau. of Sir 
George Bowes, 
knt., of Streat- 
lam (rf) (/). 

TABLE 111. 

Sir Joh.n Delav..\l, knight (second son of Sir Robert Delaval of Seaton 
Delaval, knight) (</), had a life interest in North Dissington by grant from 
his father, 24th .April, 1600 (/), and circa 1610 purchased South Dis- 
sington from Richard Ogle (/) ; knighted 14th May, 1617 ; town clerk 
of Newcastle, 1623 ; high sheriff of Northumberland, 1610, 1624, 1634 ; 
knightof the shire, 1626 ; died 1 2th August, 1652 (y) ; buried in Newburn 
chancel, where there is a monumental inscription. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
George Selby (d) of 
White house, co. Dur- 
ham, marriage settle- 
ment, 13th December, 
1612 (/) ; buried 27th 
August, 1658 (J). 

Robert Delaval of South Dissington, son and 
heir ((/), bap. at Jarrow,2ist .April, 1605 (»;) ; 
M.P. for Morpeth, 1659 ; had in August, 
1660, a pardon for all offences committed be- 
fore loth June, 1660 ; had South Dissington 
by deed, 2nd December, 1612 (/), and was 
rated for that place in 1663 ; died s.p. 6th 
February, 1666/7 (?) ; will dated 22nd 
January, 1666/7 (/) ; proved 1667 (<r). 


John Dela- 


val, died 




ried (e-) ; 


buried 5 th 




1650 (/;). 

William Delaval of Dissington 
ie'), rated for lands in Old and 
New Bewick and East Lilburn 
in 1663 ; succeeded to South 
Dissington in 1667 on the death 
of his half-brother (y) ; buried 
in Newburn chancel, 20th 
.August, 1684 (y). 

I I I 

Mary, daughter 
of Sir Henry 
of Black Hed- 
don, knight 
{e), and widow 
of George 
Ramsay of 

William Delaval, baptised lOth December, 1664 

(li) ; buried loth .August, 1731 (/). 
Robert, buried gth August, 1666 (Ji). 
John, buried 26th May, 1670 (Ji). 

I I i 

Dorothy, living at Newcastle, unmarried, 14th February, 1687/S (y) ; 

buried 21st April, 1743 (/). 
Isabel, buried at Newburn, 19th February, 1667/8 (i5). 
Mary, living at Newcastle, unmarried, 14th February, 1687/8 (/). 

Ralph Dela- George Delaval (<), succeeded, on the 
val, died death of his mother, to North Dis- 

before 2Sth sington (/) (for which place, with 

Aug., 1666, Coldcotes, he was rated in 1663), 

unmarried and to South Dissington on the 

W. death of his brother William (/) ; 

buried in Newburn chancel, 1 8th 

March, 1694/5 ('/)- 

I I I I 

Margaret, daugh- Margaret, bom before 161 5 (rf). 

ter of Edward Dorothy,bap. at All Saints', Newcastle, 19th Feb., 

Grey of Bitch- 1621/2 ; living unmarried 24th Dec, 1666. 

field (c), buried Barbara, married Nathaniel Massey ; named in 

at St. Nicho- the will of her brother Robert (c). 

las', Newcastle, Mary, mar. 26th April, 1659, George Martin of 

3rd October, Newcastle, draper (Ji), and was named in the 

1709 (/). will of her brother Robert (c), then a widow. 


John Dela- 
val, son 
and heir, 
25th May, 
1662 (J>)\ 
[died at 
ton ; biu". 
8th April, 
1681 (//)]. 

Edward Delaval = 
of South Dis- 
sington, baptised 
2Sth Oct., 1664 
(b) ; high sheriff 
of Northumber- 
land, 1721 ; died 
3rd August, 
1744, ^ged 80 ; 
buried in New- 
burn chancel 
(?) ; will dated 
2ist June, 1732 


Mary, widow George Delaval, R.N. [bapt. at New- 
of Ralph burn, 25th May, 1660] ; envoy to 
Ord of West the emperor of Morocco, 1700 and 
Ord, daugh- 1707, and to the king of Portugal 
ter and co- in 1710 ; rear-admiral, 1718 ; vice- 
heiress of admiral, 1722 (y^) : M.P. for West 
Sir Francis -Looe, in Cornwall, 1715 and 1722 ; 
Blake of purchased the Seaton Delaval es- 
Ford castle, tates in 1718 from his kinsman. Sir 
knt. (/") ; John Delaval, and commenced to 
buried 7th build Delavabhall ; died 22nd June, 
December, 1723, aged 55 (yt) ; bur. in Seaton 
1711, aged Delaval chapel, 4th July following 
47 ('/). (rt);willdated22ndMay,i723(/). 

I I I 

James Delaval, 
R.X., midship- 
man H.M.S. 
'Coventry,' 1699 
if) ; died at Ca- 
diz, 1700 (.^). 

Robert Delaval, 
captain, R.N. ; 
died at Genoa, 
29th January, 

1708 (g\ 

Ralph Delaval, 
buried l6thjuly, 
1672 (i). 

I I 

Mary, mar. Ed- 
ward Shafto of 
Hexham Spital, 
younger son of 
John Shafto of 
B a V i n g 1 n ; 
bond of mar- 
riage, 2 1st Feb- 
ruary, 1 700/1. si/ 

Eliz.ibeth, living 
at Newcastle, 
u n m a r r i e d , 
22nd May, 1723 



Robert Dela- Francis Delaval, bapt. 27th Dec, l6g2 

val,bapt.2iKl (7); captain R.N. ; assinnetl the 

Sept., 1690 name of Blake on siicceetling to Ford 

(j) ; captain castle under the will of his maternal 

R.N., died grandfather (/), and subsequent!)' 

at Seaton that of Blake-Delaval on succeeding 

lodge. 13th to Seaton Delaval under the will ol 

P'ebruary, his uncle, .Admiral Cieorge Delaval 

1714/5 (/) ; (/) ; knight of the shire, 1716 ; high 

bur. in Sea- sheriff of Northumberland, 1729 ; 

ton Delaval died 9th December, 1752, aged 59 

chapel, 17th (/>) ; buried in Seaton Delaval 

February, chapel (rt) ; wall dated i6th l''ebruary, 

1 7 14/5 («)• 1748 ; proved 1753 and 1759 (v). 

Rhoda, daughter of Robert 
Apreece of Washingiy, 
Hunts ; articles before mar- 
riage, 1 0th June, 1724 (/) ; 
married at St. /\nne's, Soho, 
6th August, 1724 (;f) ; suc- 
ceeded to Doddington 
Pigot on the death of her 
m<.)ther in 1749 j tl'ed at 
Kensington, 9th August, 
and was buried there, I7tli 
August, I759(i'); will dated 
30th June, I759(/); proved 
same year. 

1 I 

Margaret, baptised 6th September, 
1694 (/<) ; married Ralph Robm- 
son (/") of Gateshead, carpenter ; 
was a widow at the dale of her 
father's will ; buried at Mortlake, 
Surrey (.r). 

Fdizabeth, bapt. 12th June, 1 701 (/<_); 
burieil 27th May, 1727 (i). 

.Xinie, bapt. Stli Sept., 1702 (_//), 2nd 
wife of Sir Ralph Milbanke of 
llalnaby ; articles before marriage, 
nth Se[it., 1721 ; post-nuptial set- 
tlement, 8th -Aug., 1722 (/) ; bond 
of marriage, 13th Sept., 1721. 

Sir Francis Blake-Delaval 
of Seaton Dela\'al, and 
of Ford castle, K.B., 
born l6th March, 1727 
(/) ; of Christ Church, 
Oxon.; matriculated 
23rd March, 1746/7 ; 
M.P. for Hindon, 1751, 
and for .\ndo\'er, 1754, 
1761 ; Knight of the 
Bath, 26th May, 1 761 
(^) ; died 7th August, 
1771 (», without legiti- 
mate issue ; buried at 
Seaton Delaval chapel, 
1 6th of same month («) ; 
will dated 20th July, 
1 77 1 ; proved same 
year (^). 

Isabella, widow 
of Loid Nas- 
sau Paulet, 
and daughter 
and co-heir of Tuf- 
ton, earl of 
Thanet ; mar. 
at St. George's 
chapel, May- 
fair,8th March 

1749/50 (s): 

mar. dissolved 
in 1755 ; died 
23rd Dec. 1763 
i,g) ', buried 
at Grosvenor 
chapel, 2nd 
Jan., 1764 (^). 

Susanna, widow of 
John Potter, 
I nder secretary of 
state for Ireland, 
and daughter of 
Ralph Robinson 
of Gateshead by 
Margaret Dela- 
\al, his wife ; 
married at Duke 
Street chapel, 
Westminster, 2nd 
April, 1750 («); 
died at Hanover 
Square, 1st Oct., 
17S3 ; buried in 
St. Paul's chapel, 
Westminster Ab- 
bey («)• 

Sir John Hussey-Delaval,bart.,Lord = Susanna Eliza- 

Delaval of Redfoid, and Baron beth, daugh- 

Delavai of Seaton Delaval, born ter of 

17th March, 1728 (.f); succeeded to Knight of 
Doddington Pigot on the death of London, mar. 

his mother, and to Seaton Delaval 5th January, 

on the death of his brother (/) ; 1S03 («) ; to 

of Pembroke College, Camb. ; whom her 

M.P. for Berwick, 1754, 1765, husbandgave 

1768, 1780, 1784 ; created a baro- Ford castle 

net, 1st July, 1761 ; Baron Delaval for life ; died 

of Redford in the peerage of Ire- at Matlock, 

land, 17th October, 1783 ; elevated 20th August, 

to the peerage of the United King- 1822, aged 

dom,2Ist.\ugust, I786(«) ; diedat 60. 
Seaton Delaval, 17th May, 180S ; 
buried in St. Paul's chapel, West- 
minster .Abbey («) ; will dated 
24th Sept., 1S06; proved 1808. 

Edward Hussey-Delaval, F.R.S., baptised 
I2th June, 1729 (/<) ; of Pembroke College, 
Camb.; B.A. 1750; M.A. 1754; Fellow, 
1 75 1 ; succeeded to Seaton Delaval on the 
death of his brother ; died at Parliament 
Place, Old Palace Yard, Westminster, 14th 
August, 1814, aged 86 («) ; buried in West- 
minster Abbey («) ! will dated 24th July, 
1789; republished 26th July, 1810; proved 
27th August, 1814 (g). 

Sarah, dau. of George 
Scott of Methley, co. 
York, married at St. 
Margaret's, Westmins- 
ter, 22nd December, 
1808 (^); diedat Upper 
Grosvenor Place, 17th 
February, 1829, aged 
78 ; buried at St. Mar- 
garet's, Westminster {g). 

Thomas Delaval, a : 
merchant at Ham- 
burg, afterwards 
of C lapham , where 
he died, 31st 
August, 1787 c/), 
aged 56 ; will 
dated 1 6th July, 
1782 ; proved Sep- 
tember, 1787 (j). 

: Cecilia, daughter 
of Joel Watson 
of Clapham, 
married at St. 
George's, Han- 
over Square, 
2 2nd Septem- 
ber, 176S (0); 
died 24th June, 

1775 C^)- 

Sarah Hussey, to whom, with her mother, her father gave his lands at Doddington Pigot, married at St. Margaret's, 
Westminster, 13th April, 1805, James Gunman of Dover ; died 4th May, 1S25; buried at St. Mary's, Dover; will 
dated 27th August, 1824 (g). 

r. I I I I 

Robert Delaval, born 5th March, 1733 ; bapt. 
at St. George's, Hanover Square ; named 
in his mother's will ; stated to have been 
killed at the taking of Uuebec ; will dated 
nth May, 1758 ; proved l6thOct., 1759 (^). 

George Delaval, living 14th June, 1755 (/) ; 
dead before 6th July, 17 58 ig). 

Henry Dela\'al, baptised i8lh December, 1736 
((?) ; captain 73rd regiment ; killed in India, 
27th June, 1760; buried at X'oldnre (/). 

Ralph Delaval, a twin with Ilenr)', baptised 
1 8th December, 1736 («) ; stated to have 
been in a mercantile house in Lisbon ; living 
igth January, 1748 ; died s.J>. in his father's 
lifetime (/). 

I I I I 

Rhoda, born 1st July, 1725 ; baptised at St. George s, Hanover Square ; 
married 23rd May, 175 1, Edward Astley of Melton Constable, after- 
wards a baronet ; buried at Widcombe, Bath, 2ist October, 1757 (^). 

Anne Hussey, born 2nd December, 1737 ; baptised at St. George's, 
Hanover Square (^) ; articles before marriage, 5th October, 1759 C/D i 
married first, 6th October, 1759. Sir William Stanhope of Eytherup, 
CO. Bucks, and second, in 1773, Charles Morris, captain 2nd Life 
Guards ; post-nuptial settlement, loth July, 1773 ; she died at Melton 
Constable, 23rd February, 1812, s./>. {g"). 

Elizabeth Mary, born 22nd December, 1738 ; baptised at St. Margaret's, 
Westminster ; died in her father's lifetime (^). 

Sarah, baptised 14th March, 1742 («) ; married first, 30th Januarj', 1760, 
John Savile. afterwards 1st earl of Mexborough, and second, 4th May, 
1780, Sandford Hardcastle, rector of Adel, Yorks. ; she died 9th August, 
1821 (g-). 



John Delaval, 
son antl heir, 
born al Sealon 
Dehival (a), 
26th May, 
baptised 17th 

June, l756(,-<-); 
died unmar- 
lied al Bristol 
Hots p I i n ,£^ s , 
buried at Dod- 
dington Pigot 

I I I I I I 

Rhoda, born iSth I'ebruary, 1751 ; baptised at St. George's, Hanover Square ; died at Doddington 
Pigot, 7th August, 1770 (/r)- 

Susanna, born 25th June, baptised 23rd July, 1753 (n) ; buried at Audley Street chapel, 2Ist Uctoljer, 
1764 (/). 

Sophia Anne, baptised 14th January, 1755 (i) ; married [first before 2nd April, 1778, Henry Devereux 
of Bordeaux, and second] at St. Maiy's, l.ambeth, 6lh February, 1780, John Godfrey Maximilian 
Jadis, ensign 59th Foot ; died 24th July, 1793 ; buried at Doddington Pigot (^). 

Elizabeth, baptised 29th August, 1757 (rt) ; married at her father's house in Hanover Square, 2Ist May, 
1781, Cieorge Thicknesse, Baron Audley (u), and died nth July, 1785. 

Frances, bapti.sed 28th March, 1759 (a) ; married, 22nd -August, 177S, John Fenton of Lancaster, who as- 
sumed by royal licence, in 1781, the name of Cawthorne ; died 1839 ; will proved 28th .March, 1839 (^). 

Sarah Hussey, born 1st July, 1763 (a) ; married 3rd June, 1780 (h), George Carpenter, second earl 
of Tyrconnel ; marriage licence, 2nd Jiuie, 17S0 (;) ; died at Gibsidc, 7th October, 1800; buried 
in'St. Paul's chapel, Westminster Abbey (,;;). 

(rt) EarsdoK Register. 
(/i) Newburn Register. 

(c) Rame, Test. Duuehn. 

(d) St. George's I'i^i/n/icm, 1615. 
(^) Dugdale's Visitation^ 1666. 
(/) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 
(^) Cole, Htstoiy uj Doddington. 
\h) St. John's Register, Newcastle. 
(;■) St. Nic/ioliis' Register, Newcastle 
(_;) Sttimfoi dham Register. 

(^) Hortoyi Register. 

(/) St. Oswald's Register, Durham. 

(w) Jarrov) Register. 

(k) Westminster Aliliey Register, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 10. 

(tf) St. George's Register. Hanover S(juare, Harl. Soc. Pub. 
(Register Series, No. n). 

(^) Coffin-lid inscriptions at Seaton Delaval, Proc. of New- 
castle Soc. of Antiq. vol. iii. p. 283. 

(if) Monumental Inscription, Newburn chancel. 

(/-) AJarriage Licences, F'aculty Office, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 
24, p. 260. 

(i) Delaval pedigree compiled by Beltz, Lancaster Herald. 


Thomas Del.^ of Durham, third son (rf) of Sir Ralph Delaval of Seaton 
Delaval, knight, by Jane Hilton, his wife, on whom his father settled 
lands in Cowpen by deed dated 9th F'ebruary, 1623/4 (''0 i acquired lands 
at Hetton-le-Hole and at Eden-dean (<•) ; buried at St. Mary's in the South 
Bailey, Durham, 20th October, 1663 ; will dated 14th March, 1662 (c). 

Elizabeth, widow of Francis James of Hetton. 
le-Holc, and daughter of Sir William 
Bellasis, knight (f/) ; married at Hough- 
ton-le-Spring, 6th May, 1645 (a) ; buried 
2 1st October, 1661 («). 

Robert Delaval (rf) of Duiham, 
and of Fden-dean (*'), born 
• I7lh April, 1646(a); to whom 
his father gave lands -.A Dean- 
house, in the parish of Easing- 
ton ; was 19 years of age when, 
2 1 St April, 1664, he elected Ed- 
ward Lee of Sunderland to be 
his guardian (c) ; mayor of Dur- 
ham, 1686, 1687, 16S8, 1689. 

Rebecca, daugh- 
ter and co-heir 
of .Anthony 
Shadforth of 
Tunstall ; born 
30th June, 1646 
(f) ; bond of 
marriage, 20th 
May, 1664 ; 
died 1707 (f). 

I I 

William, born 7ih July, 1650 
(a) ; died i8th of same 
month («). 

Thomas Delaval (i/) of the 
parish of St. Oswald's, 
Durham, born 5th July, 
1658 (a) ; administration of 
his personal estate granted, 
July, 1676, to his brother 
Robert (c). 

I I 

Anne (rf), born 2 1st .August. 1647 
(a) ; married 26th April, 1670, 
Robert Lambton of Biddick 
and of Newham, parish of Bam- 
burgh (e) ; buried at Hamburgh, 
15th January, 1731/2 (^). 4- 

Mary (</), born 5th January, 1648 
{a) ; married Hammond Beau- 
mont, clerk ; bond of marriage, 
20th May, 1674. ^^ 

Thomas Delaval, : 
bapt. at Bishop- 
wearmouth, 14th 
May, 1667 (/); 
stated to have 
died in the West 
Indies (;). 

Anne, married 


of Dublin (/;). 

Shadforth Delaval, 
bapt. at Hough- 
30th .April, 1670 
(a) ; stated to 
have died in the 
West Indies {e'). 

Ralph Dela- ■. 
val of Tuns- 
tal, died 19th 
May, 1 72 1 
(^) ; buried 
at Bishop- 

Anne, daughter of Edward Dale of 
Dalton-le-Dale (f), married her 
cousin at Bishopwearmouth, 6th 
May, I7i6(/); bond of mar., 17th 
April, 1716 ; she remar. John Dale 
at Bishopwearmouth, 23rd .April. 
1728 (y"),and died a widow in 1750 

I I I 

John, baptised 14th 
Jan., 1672/3 (a). 

Nathaniel, buried 6th 
Sept., 1679 (^). 

Mary, baptised 5th 
September, 1663 
(/) ; buried 1 2th 
October, 1665 (f). 

I I 
Rebecca, baptised at Bishopwearmouth, 

April, 1727 (/). 
Isabel, baptised at Bishopwearmouth, I 

mother's lifetime (<•). 

, 26th May, 1717 (_/"), daughter and co-heir; buried 20th 
6th August, 1720 (/), daughter and co-heir; died in her 

(a) Houghtou-le-Sprtng Register. 

(n) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

(i:) Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

((/) Dugdale's Visitation of Ncnihiimlierland, 1666. 

(f) Surtees, Durham, vol. i. pp. 37-38, 201, 222 ; vol. ii. p. 397. 

(/") Bishopweat mouth Register. 

{g~) Dalton Register. 

(/;) Robert Surtees's MSS. 


William Delaval, sixlh son of Sir R:ilph Delaval of Seaton Delaval, knight, by Jane Ilillon, = Mary, daughter of Sir Peter 

his wife (<>), baptised 28th April, 1616 (n) ; educated at Morpeth school and at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, to which he was admitted nth July, 1633, aged 17 ; living at Ilorton, 
1645 (//), and at Newcastle, 1648 (/;) ; [buried 2nd June, 1667 (c)j. 

Riddel 1 of Newcastle, 
knighl ((?), [buried 6lh 
September, 1675 (f)]- 

I „„.... . .1 

Sir Ralph Delaval, admiral R.N. (e)^ admiral of the blue, 1690 ; 
knighted 31st May, 1690 ; commanded the blue squadron at 
the battle off Beachy-head ; one of the Lords of the Admiralty, 
15th April, 1693 («') ; buried at the upper end of the west 
aisle of Westminster, 23rd January, 1706/7 ((^) ; administra- 
tion of his personal estate granted nth March, 1706/7 (</). 

Hester Major of London (c), re- William Delaval Qe) 

nounced administration of her [town clerk of 

husband's estate, nth March, Newcastle, 1662 ; 

1706/7 ((/); buried in the chan- buried 28th Janu- 

cel of St. James's, Clerkenwell, ary, 1675/6 (<:)]. 

loth July, 1707 (^Register). Perhaps other issue. 

II I I . 

Two sons, died Hester Delaval, married, first at Charterhouse chapel, iSth Mary Delaval (c), born 1st Other child- 

in their fa- November, 1690, James Harrison of the parish of St. January, 1675/6 ; joint ren died 

ther's life- Martin's in the Fields, and second, Richard Lucas, major administratrix of her in infancy 

time (1/). of a foot regiment, afterwards a colonel in the army (c) ; father's estate (</). (</). 

joint administratrix of her father's estate C^). 

(«) Eutsdon Register. (</) Westminster Aliliev Registers, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 10. 

(/<) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. (e') he tie^e. Pedigrees 0/ K'>iig/its, -p. j,i2, l\3.r\. Soc. Vuh. 

(f) St Nicholas Registers, Newcastle. No. 8. 

EvinENCES TO Delaval Peiugrer. 

1599, June iSth. Settlement upon the marriage of Ralph Delaval, son and heir of Robert Delaval of Seaton 
Delaval, with Jane Hilton, daughter of .Anne Hilton of Hilton, widow. The said Robert Delaval and Ralph Delaval 
agree to convey to Ralph Grey of Chillinghani, Edward Grey of Morpeth, Talbot Bowes of Richmond, and George 
Bowes of Biddick, their manors of Seaton Delaval, Hartley, Dissington, Black Callerton and Horton, their moiety of 
Tynemouth rectory, and the tithes of Elwick in Durham, to the following uses : the manor of Horton to the use 
of the said Ralph Delaval and to his wife in name of jointure, for life, with remainder to their male issue, and, 
in default of issue, with successive remainders to John, Robert, Edward, Claudius, Francis, and .Arthur, younger 
sons of the said Robert Delaval ; the heirs male of Robert Delaval the father ; Henry and Thomas, his brothers ; 
Joshua, Ralph, Peter, and Clement, his cousins gerrnan ; Edward Delaval, son of Anthony Delaval, his kinsman ; 
and the right heirs of the said Robert Delaval ; and the remaining lands to the use of the said Robert Delaval, with 
remainders as above, subject to a yearly rent of X25 out of the demesnes of Seaton Delaval to the said Jane Hilton for 
life, and with power to Robert Delaval to charge the premises with the yearly sum of .^260 by demises for terms of 
years or lives. Chancery Imj. />.m. second series, vol. ccc. No. 185. 

1621, September 26th. Settlement upon the marriage of Robert Delaval, son of Sir Ralph Delaval of Seaton 
Delaval, knight, with Barbara Selhy, daughter of Sir George Selby of Whitehouse in the county of Durham, knight, 
and sheriff of that county. The said Sir Ralph Delaval agrees to convey to Sir William Belassis of Morton, co. 
Durham, knight, and to Edward Grey of Morpeth castle, esq., his manors of Seaton Delaval, Hartle}', Black Callerton 
and North Dissington, and the moiety of Tynemouth rectory to the following uses : the manor of Black Callerton and 
the coal mines there to the use of the said Robert Delaval and to his wife as jointure, with remainder to their heirs 
male, and, in default of issue, with successive remainders to Ralph, Thomas, John, Edward, William, George, and 
Henry, younger sons of the said Sir Ralph Delaval ; the heirs male of Sir Ralph Delaval, the father ; Sir John 
Delaval, Robert, Edward, Claudius, Francis, and Arthur, his brothers; Henry and Thomas, his uncles ; Joshua, Peter, 
and Clement, his cousins ; Edward Delaval, son of Anthony Delaval, his kinsman ; and the right heirs of the said 
Sir Ralph Delaval ; and the remaining lands to the use of the said Sir Ralph Delaval for life, with remainders 
as above, subject to a yearly rent of jf 30 to the said Robert and Barbara as an increase of jointure, and of .^50 out of 
Tynemouth rectory to the said Barbara if she survive her husband ; and with power to Sir Ralph Delaval to charge 
the premises with the sum of ;/r4,000 for the provision of his younger children, to be raised by a rent-charge of ;f 500 
per annum. Chancery second series, vol. cccii. No. 130. 

1622, October 13th. The uncles and aunts of Ralph Delaval, esq., the daj- he was horn. 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's father : Ralph Delaval, Thomas Delaval, John Delaval, Edward Delaval, 
William Delaval, George Delaval, Henry Delaval, Charles Delaval, Sir George Bowes and Marj' his lady, Dorothy 
Delaval, Anne Delaval, Jane Delaval, Katherine Delaval, Isabel Delaval, Margaret Delaval. Elizabeth Delaval, 
Martha Delaval. 


Brothers and sisters to Ralph's grandfather : Sir John Delaval and Elizabeth his lady, Robert Delaval and his 
wife, Edward Delaval and his wife, Claudius Delaval, Francis Delaval, Arthur Delaval, Michael Mitford and 
Jane his wife. 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's great-grandfather : Henry Delaval and his wife, Thomas Delaval. 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's great-grandmother : Sir F'rancis Ratdiff, Sir Ralph Grey and his lady. Sir 
Edward Grey, Sir Roger Grey, Sir Arthur Grey and his lady, Thomas Ogle and his wife.' 

Brothers and sisters of Ralph's grandmother: Baron Henry Hilton and his lady, George Hilton, Robert Hilton, 
John Hilton and Thomasin his wife, Robert Brandling and Mary his wife, Robert Delaval. 

Brothers and sisters to the great-grandfather, Mr. Thomas Hylton : Captain Henry Hylton and his wife, Arthur 
Halliwell and Katherine his wife.^ 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's great-grandmother, Ann Bowes : Sir Talbot Bowes and his lady, Thomas Bowes 
and his wife. Sir Timothy Hutton and his lady, Jane Bowes and her husband." 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's own mother : Sir William Bellasis and Margaret his lady, Sir Patrick Curwen and 
Isabell his lady, Dorothy Selby, Mary Selby. 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's grandfather, Sir George Selby : Sir William Selby and his lady, Charles Selby 
and his wife. Bell Ogle and her husband, Mary Greene and her husband, Lady Margaret Fenwick, Lady Jane Wrey, 
Sir William Wrey, Elizabeth Sympson, Barbara Fenwick and her husband, Eleanor Crosby and her husband, 
Matthew Randall and Grace his wife.* 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's great-grandfather, old Mr. Selby : '' Mr, Robert llodgshon and his wife, Lancelot 
Hodshon and his wife, William Hodshon, Elizabeth Hedley. 

Brothers and sisters to Ralph's grandmother. Lady Selby : Sir William Selby and his lady, Sir Ralph Selby and 
his lady. Sir John Selby and his lady, Mrs. Muschamp, Thomas Carr." 

From Thomas Delaval's book in the possession of the Marquis of Waterford. 

16234, January loth. Will of Sir Ralph Delaval of Seaton Delaval. In the name of God, .Amen. I, Sir 
Raphe Delavale of Seaton Delavale, knight, being in good and perfect health, for which I give God most humble 
and hearty thanks, but knowing well how uncertain the time is when it shall please God to call me out of this 
transitory world, doe therefore that I, having set my house in order in ye time of my health and strenth of body, may 
better attend and apply myselfe hereafter to heavenly things, both before and when it shall please God to visite me 
with sickness, make this my last will and testament. First I bequeath and recommend my soule into the hands of 
.Almightie God, maker of all things, hoping assuredly by ye death and passion of His Son and my Lord and only 
Saviour, Jesus Christ, to have remission of my sins. And I will and appoint that my body be interred among my 
ancestors in my chappell at Seaton Delavale if conveniently it may be, or else in some other church or chappell where 
it shall please God to separate my soule from my body. My funeralls to be with desencye as maye become a trewe 
Christian, and that without vayne pompe and needlesse charge and curiositie. ***** 

I will and appoint that after my funeral and debts paid, my goods, chattels, leases, household-stuff, money, 
debts, and plate, being divided into three parts, my dear and loving wife. Dame Jane Delavale, shall have a third part 
thereof for such thirds and widow-right as any way by the lawes of this realme and the provinciall custom where I 
now dwell are due unto her. To my said dear wife another full third part of all my goods, chattels, leases, household- 
stuff, money, debts and plate whatsoever. The other third part unto my well-beloved sons. Raphe Delavale, Thomas 
Delavale, John Delavale, Edward Delavale, William Delavale, George Delavale, Henry Delavale and Charles 
Delavale equally. * » » * 

I will and devise unto my said wife. Dame Jane Delavale and my three sons, Raphe, Thomas and John Dela\'ale, 
my chieff mansion-house and capital messuage of Seaton Delavale, with all houses, buildings, outhouses, yards, 
paddocks, etc., belonging thereto, to hold to them and their heirs for the term of twenty-one years, with three 
hundred wain-load of coal yearly out of my coal-mine of Seaton Delavale for firing, on condition that they leave the 
house in repair, and leave to my heir all )'e wainscott. glasse and brewing vessell in ye same, as also all iron chimneys 
or grates that are in my house, together with all tables in j'e great chamber and hall there, and also the best 
furniture I have at ye time of my death belonging to my great dyning chamber, the great bed-chamber, the 
rose chamber and hall there. » * » ♦ 

' See Raine, Noi th Durham, p. 326. - See Surtees, Diii/iam, vol. ii. p. 27. ' IHii. vol. iv. p. 108. 

' //lid. vol. ii. p. 274. 

^ Error for the half-brothers and half-sisters of the great-grandmother, Mrs. Selby. 

" See Raine, Norlh Durham, p. 315. 


All which I hereby will and command my said well-beloved wife and sons duly and truly to performe and keepe, 
as also that they themselves remayne still and continue in ye faithfull and due serving of God in ye same true and 
Christian religion I have hitherto taught and brought them up in, and in which I command and will them likewise 
that all the rest of my sons and daughters may by them likewise be brought up in and taught. And to that end and 
purpose I charge, will, and command my said dearly beloved wife and three sons before named that they alwayes 
provide and keepe in my said house a sufficient honest and true Protestant religious preacher, both to leach and 
instruct them and all the rest of my children in following true religion and virtue, even as my hope is in them, and as 
they will either shew themselves thankefull to me or discharge the trust I repose in them ; whereby all the world 
may know there feare and service to God, and there love to me who loved them dearly well when I lived. 

Extracted from the original in Durham Probate Registry. 

1629. Sir Raphe Dalavale, knight, sone of Sir Robart Dalavale of Seaton Dalavel in the countye of North- 
umberland, knight, departed this life the xxiiij of November, 1628. He mared Janne Hilton, one of the daughters of 
Mr. Thomas Hilton in the countye of Druesme, esquire, and they had issue 9 sonnes and xj daughters, vidz. : Robart, 
who mared Barbrye, one of the daughters and coheires of Sir George Selbye of Newcastell, knight, and Raphe, 
Thomas, John, Edward, William, George, Henrye and Charlies ; Mary, the eldest daughter, who maried Sir George 
Bowes in the countye of Druesme, knight ; Dorethey, the second, who mareid Sir John Hedworth of the said 
countye, knight ; Anne, Jane, Katheren, Isabell, Margret, Frances, Elsabeth, Martha, Barbrey. He bore for his cote 
armer fowre cotes quartered : the first, ermine tow harres vert ; the second, gules 3 eglels argent ; the third, harre of 
sixe argent and azure ; the fourth, gules, a lyon rampen ermine, crouned or ; insigned with an helmet answerable to his 
degree, mantled gules, duhled argent, one a torce argent and vert a ranies head errassed ermine, armed or ; and for his 
word and motu, Dieu me conduce. He lyeth inteared at Seaton Dalavale in the countye of Northumberland amongst 
his ancestors. State Papers, Domestic, Chas. I., vol. dxxix. No. 39. 

Portraits of the following members of the Delaval family are at Doddington-hall in Lincolnshire: (i) Sir Ralph 
Delaval, 'coasting admiral in the time of Charles H.,' probably the first baronet, of whom a good portrait, taken as a 
child in white satin with a coral necklace, is in the possession of the marquis of Waterford. (2) A boy in a red dress 
trimmed with silver, with the Delaval arms, namely, quarterly of six, I, Delaval ; 2, gules, three eaglets displayed ; 
3, GrEVSTOKE ; 4, gules, a lion rampant; 5, SelBY ; 6, FenwicK ; representing a son of Sir John Delaval of 
Dissington by Elizabeth Selby, his second wife. (3) Captain Francis Blake-Delaval. (4) Rhoda Blake-Delaval, wife 
of the last-named ; several portraits and groups of her children by Pond. (5) Sir P'rancis Blake-Delaval by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds ; replicas of this picture exist at Ford castle, Methley in Yorkshire, and at Seaton Delaval. 

(6) Lord Delaval, of whom there are also portraits by N. Hone at Ford and by William Bell at Seaton Delaval. 

(7) Lady Dela\al, his first wife, taken by Pond ; at Seaton Delaval is a portrait by Bell. (8) Edward Hussey- 
Delaval. (9) Sarah Hussey-Delaval, his wife, by G. F. Joseph. (10) Sarah Gunman, by Sir Thomas Lawrence. 
(11) Lady Pollington, afterwards Mexborough, with her husband and son, by Sir Joshua Rej'nolds. There is also at 
Doddington an early painting supposed to represent Eleanor, wife of William Fenwick of Bilchfield. It portrays an 
old woman in black, with deep ruffles, gold bracelets, double chain, and a black broad-brimmed hat, with a black 
feather fan hung at her side. In the same house is a picture of the six youngest children of Captain F. B. Delaval, 
the heads painted by Rhoda Astley, the draperies by Van Archer. For a full account of these and other portraits 
at Doddington see Cole, Historv of Doddington, pp. 216-227. 

Among the pictures belonging to the marquis of Waterford, formerly at Ford Castle, is: a portrait of Lady 
Milbanke, and portraits of Captain Henry Delaval and of Rhoda Astley by Sir Joshua Reynolds. In the same 
collection and at Seaton Delaval are various portraits of the children of Lord Delaval painted by William Bell. A 
portrait of Lady Stanhope by Sir Joshua Reynolds is at Methley. 

Seaton Delaval Hall. 

A list of fortresses in the county of Northumberland, prepared in 141 5, 
contains the earliest known reference to a tower at Seaton Delaval.' No 
licence for its crenellation exists, and, in the absence of any record of archi- 
tectural features, it is impossible to establish its date. The very site has 

' Bates, Bonier Holds, p. i6. 
Vol. I.\. 23 


been forgotten. Hutchinson, whose connexion with the Delaval family 
gave him reliable information, says that the tower stood within a few yards 
of the modern liall.' There is no evidence for placing it, as shown on the 
Ordnance survey, some little distance to the south-west, nor can the chapel 
of St. Mary have formed any part of it. In 1549 the beacon on Seaton 
tower-head formed one of a chain of fires that were held in readiness to 
give the alarm in case of invasion.^ 

Considerable additions were made to the tower in the course of the 
sixteenth century, as may be seen from the inventory of furniture taken upon 
the death of Sir Robert Delaval in 1606. 

In the great hcd-chamhev. Imprimis, one bedstead, two tapestrie covering's, two paire of double 
blancketts, three fetherbedds, two bolsters, two pillowes, two mattresses, fyve curtens with vallence of 
say and three coverletts, £\j, . . . Item, one chaire, one old stoole and one long quishion of needle- 
work, .... Item, one wainscot cubbord table, .... Item, two cubbord-clothes, th'one needle work, 
th'other clothe, .... Item, one iron chimney and 4 barres of iron, .... Item, one chamber pott and 
close stoole, .... 

Similar entries for the rose chamber, the read chamber, the west chamber, the chamber above the 
parlour, the litle chamber in the tower, the gunnehouse in the tower, and the chamber above the stable. 
Inventories of four other chambers illegible. 

In the parlor. Imprimis, one long joyned table, two wainescot cubbord tables, fyve joyned formes, 
one joyned chaire, 6 joyned stooles, 6 quishions of turkie work, one table-clothe, one cubbord-cloth of 
tapestrie, one short table-cloth, two dornish cupbord-clothes, one iron chimney and one pocre, £4 2s. 

Ill the great dyningc chamber. Item, one long framed table, two cupbord tables, 4 wainescot long 
formes, 18 joyned stoles, 9 needle work quishions, 6 turkie work quishions, one table-clothe of tapestrie 
work, two cupbord-clothes of turkie work, two chaires covered withe leather, and one little iron chimney, 
^16 los. 

In the kitehin and paistrie. Imprimis, one iron chimney, two iron racks, 2 rakin crookes, one iron 
pocr, 7 iron spitts, £2 13s. Item, one brasse caldren, 2 brasse kettles, 30s. Item, 14 brasse potts, £2. 
Item, II brasse pannes, 20s. Item, two brasse morters, one pestell, 6s. Sd. Item, one clyving knife, 
one minching knife, one frying panne, and two dripping pannes and two pott-hocks, 7s. 4d. Item, fyve 
tables, 2s. 6d. 

In the larder. Item, two presses, three beefe tubbs, 15 dozen pewther vessell, 2 dozen sawcers, 4 

bazins, 5 ,4 brasse candle sticks. 

In the hiittrie. Item, one table, fyve pewther potts, 7 silver candle-sticks, 3 brasse candle-sticks, 
three dozen trenchers, 7 basins, . . . two peuder voiders, .... spones, 27s. Item, two silver 
salt . . . . , 9 silver forkes, 2 dozen . . . . , ^24 14s. . . .' 

Many important alterations were made to the house by Sir Ralph 
Delaval, who died in 1628, and recorded by his son, Thomas Delaval. 

He builded the long new house at Seaton to the garden wall of the grounds, the brewing house, the 
crosse house 'twixt the tower and the gardner, and some sixteen yards long of the east end of the stable. 
He new builded the baking house and part of the kitchen. He sett on the battlements on the fore front 
of the house. He built the dove-coate of the ground at Seaton. ... He built new the garden wall 

' Hutchinson, History of Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 332. 

"- Duke of Rutland's MSS. Hist. MSS. Com. vol. i. p. 37. ' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


round about, and enlarged il much, and made ihc mounts. He l)uilt new tlie great courting walls all 
round about, with the little wall to the feikl dicke. He new coped with hewen stone all the fore courting 
walls, and built new the two cross walls. He paved and flagged the fore-court all new. He built the 
back court walls and coale hole, and paved all the back court, and withoutt the gate paved and level'd all 
the ground there. . . . He new tabled and sett finialls and new topped all the chymneys of the house 
and buildings. He built the granery stone starecase and west chamber stayrecase. . . . He put out new 
windowes in the old towers, in the kitchin, in the school chamber, in the old granery and sundry other 
places of the house. He new stalled, bayed, rackt and mangered all the stables. . . . He new wains- 
cotted the rose-, schooles-, reed-, and his own, chamber. His study, and upper end of the hall he wains- 
cotted and made the wood portall there. . . . He tooke of ye study from ye upper end of the dining 
roome, and built a wind instrument there, 1627. . . . He new built Seaton barne, the long byer-houses 
from end to end, the kilne, the ox-byer, the hen-house, and the common stable; and, except some one or 
two, all the houses of the towne he new builded. He bestowed much cost in levelling the ground about 
the house for decency and uniformity ; and, in a word, all his days he was never without work-people 
either within or without doores. ' 

These documents serve to give some idea of the mansion that pre- 
ceded the present hall. Adjoining to a tower, probably of fourteenth 
century date, there stood a Tudor manor house containing a hall, a great 
chamber, and various lodgings. This in its turn had become the core 
of a large Jacobean place, with side wings, long galleries and prominent 
staircases. Seventeenth-century windows had been inserted in the earlier 
walls, while elaborate chimneys and battlements of the same period sur- 
mounted the roof. Curtain walls enclosed a flagged fore-court. Stables 
and offices w^ere attached to the manor house. Near to it lay the orchard 
and high-walled garden ; while farther distant were the buildings of the 
home farm, and a little way off a Norman chapel nestled among the trees. 

Admiral Delaval found the old house sadly decayed when he pur- 
chased the estate in 1718. 'I would be glad,' he wrote to his brother 
in April of that year, ' to divert myself a little in my old age in repairing 
the old house, making a garden and planting forest trees, for which we 
may e.xpect prayers when we are no more, — praises I should call it for 
fear of being thought Popish.'^ In the following February he wrote that 
he intended to persuade vSir John Vanbrugh to see Seaton, and to give him 
a plan for a new house, or to alter the old one.^ Vanbrugh preferred to 
lay out his mansion on new lines. Work commenced in 1720 with the 
complete demolition of the old tower and hall, and continued to be carried 
on slowly during the next eight years. It had not advanced far before 
Admiral Delaval died, leaving the completion of the work to his nephew, 
Francis Blake-Delaval. The latter viewed the increasing outlay with alarm. 

' .Marquis of Waterford's MSS. '- Robinson, Delaval Papers, p. ii. ' Ibid. p. 121. 


'All the scheme I have about the house at present,' he told his father in 
a letter dated June 6th, 1724, 'is to get it covered, for, as we go on, the 
expense is by far too great, and will make me very inconvenient.' ' But 
'the rising glory of the north'- gradually grew to completion, and in 1728 
or 1729 Vanbrugh's original plan was accomplished. The total cost of its 
erection can hardly have fallen short of ten thousand pounds.^ 

Seaton Delaval hall is subsequent in date to Vanbrugh's greater works 
of Blenheim and Castle Howard and is much more picturesque, possessing 
greater refinement in point of detail than appears in manv of the buildings 
erected by the same architect. Its plan is based on the palladian style 
introduced from Italy by Inigo Jones, and, as is the case with Stoke park. 
Moor park and Latham hall, comprises a large central block with colon- 
naded wings proceeding from the two outer angles and enclosing a fore- 
court 152 feet 6 inches wide by 180 feet from north to south. 

The central block is symmetrically planned and measures about seventy 
feet square. Octagonal turrets are placed at each angle, and in the centre 
of the east and west elevations are square towers containing the staircases. 
These are oval on plan, and have stone steps and iron balustrades. The 
north front is occupied by a great hall, measuring forty-four feet by twenty- 
five feet, with a small parlour on either side"* and a short corridor to east and 
west communicating with the staircases. The hall is a noble apartment, two 
stories in height and paved with black and white marble. At the south end 
is a hanging balcony or music gallery supported on consoles. The mantle 
of the fireplace is supported on caryatides ; and in niches above and oppo- 
site are statues of music, painting, sculpture, architecture, geography and 
astronomy. A grand salon, seventy feet by twenty-four feet, occupies 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

" Horsley, Inedited Contributions to the History of Northumberland, ed. Hodgson-Hinde, p. 24. 
Vanbrugh's design is engraved in I'itrtivius Britaiiiiicus, ed. 1725, vol. iii. plates 20 and 21. 

'' The following half-yearly statements of accounts are taken from the Marquis of Waterford's MSS. : 

April-Oct., 1720. April-Oct., 1721. April-Oct.. 1722. Oct., 1722-ApriI. 1723. 
f s. d. £ s. d, /; s. d. £ s. d. 

To pulling down Seaton old house 426 14 loj ... 5~44 12 4A ... 526 15 5^ ... 291 3 ^i 
and building the new mansion 

To working the quarry and lead- 19S 5 2 ... 203 3 lo ... 189 o li ... 159 6 9 

ing stones 
To planting expenses 27 15 oi ... 12 9 S ... 26 7 6J ... 50 7 6i 

Total ^652 15 I ... /760 5 loA ... ^742 3 i| ■■■ .£500 17 7 

These were named respectively the gilt, and the mahogany, parlour. The north-east room still 
contains part of its original mahogany panelling. 


the whole of the south hunt. While intact, this room was enriched by eight 
Corinthian columns and as many pilasters, and contained a ceiling and de- 
corations executed by Vercelli. Its windows overlook the pleasure-grounds 
and disclose a vista terminating in an obelisk one hundred yards distant. 

In the centre of the south front a spacious flight of fifteen steps leads 
up to a magnificent Ionic portico with fluted columns, finished above with' 
a balustraded entablature. On the plane of the main building the eleva- 
tion is taken up an additional storey, running the length of the block and 
having pediments fronting north and south. The octagonal angle -turrets 
flank the elevations, and between them and the portico are windows with 
architraves and pediments of refined detail. The north front is much more 
severe in its treatment, and owes its impressiveness to the lofty Doric 
columns which stand on a cushioned stylobate and carry a richly em- 
bellished entablature with triglyphs and variously carved metopes. The 
tympanum of the north pediment is filled with trophies arranged about 
the family arms in the centre (Delaval quartering Blake, impaling Apreece 
quartering the two coats of Hussey). Between the octagonal turrets 
and the central feature are windows with architraves and heavy keystones, 
both surmounted by a parapet. 

The wings, one hundred and eighty feet in length, which enclose 
the fore-court on the east and west, are very eftectively designed, the lower 
storey forming an arcade of nine arches on either side of a central gable. 
The upper floor windows have rusticated jambs and heads formed of five 
heavy keystones. Above is a solid parapet relieved by elegant vases. The 
centre is pedimented, and has, on the upper floor, three windows over a 
central opening, with niches for figures on either side. The western wing, 
which is united to the main building by a low corridor, contains a large 
vaulted kitchen, forty feet by twenty-seven feet, and two storeys in height, 
and various other domestic offices. A lofty stable, measuring sixty-two 
feet by forty-six feet, forms the principal apartment in the eastern wing, 
its arches, stall divisions and hayracks being all of stone. This wing screens 
a stable yard with its attendant coach houses and harness rooms. 

A haha fence, measuring four hundred yards from east to west and 
two hundred and forty yards from north to south, encloses the whole site. 
Each angle is capped by a projecting circular platform on which are groups 
of leaden statuary. 


An additional wing, to the east of the main block, was erected by 
Sir John Hussey-Delaval. ' This was three storeys in height, and about 
one luindred feet in length. It contained, according to Hutchinson, who 
carehilly describes the decorations and littings of the principal apartments, 
'an antechamber, a spacious drawing room, and also a lesser drawing room 
contiguous to an elegant eating room.'^' 

The hall had an unfortunate history. A fire, which broke out on 
May 6th, 1752, did considerable damage to the west vving.^ This was rebuilt 
on the original plan, but a more disastrous conflagration occurred on January 
3rd, 1822, resulting in the complete demolition of the eastern annexe and 
the gutting of the main building. Although the wings continue habitable, 
the central block has never been restored but stands a stately ruin, wreckage 
of Vanbrugh's pile. 

A mausoleum, erected by Sir John Hussey-Delaval in memorv of his 
son, but never brought into use, stands to the east of the hall and encloses 
vaults litted for the reception of coffins. It is approximately cross-shaped 
in plan, the crossing being carried up and finished with a dome supported 
by lofty stone arches and covered with lead. The north and south pro- 
jections form transepts or aisles ; on the east is a semi-circular recess for 
an altar, while a Doric portico with pediment screens the western end. 

The Chantry of Our Lady. 

A little south-west of Seaton Delaval hall and within the hall grounds 
stands a little Norman chapel dating from the first half of the twelfth 
century, and consisting of a nave, a choir and presbytery. The nave 
measures about twenty-five feet in length by twenty in width ; it is of 
lofty proportions and retains its original west door, over which is a semi- 
circular sculptured tympanum enclosed by- an indented zigzag within a 
simple label moulding. A small round-headed window is placed high in the 
north wall. The nave is divided from the choir by a broad arch, and a 
similar arch separates the choir from the presbytery. These arches may 
possibly have carried a low tower, of which there is now no evidence. They 
spring from semi-spherical shafts having a moulded base on a square plinth, 

' This wing is correctly^ delineated l)y Mackenzie, Northumberland, vol. ii. p. 41S. The corresponding 
western wing shown by Hutchinson, Sortliumbcrhmd, vol. ii. p. 331, was planned but never executed. 

- Hutchinson, Northumberland, \ol. ii. pp. 331-332. '' Arch. Acl. 2nd series, vol. .w. pp. 139-140. 



and a large, plain, cushion capital with chamfered abacus. Each arch is of 
two orders ; the inner order is moulded, while the outer is enriched with 
zigzag and the label mould with the billet ornament, a star ornament being 
carved between the billets on the western side of the arch. Choir and pres- 
bytery are each eleven feet six inches from east to west and about sixteen 

Seaton Delaval Chapel, Interior. 

feet three inches in width. They have a semi-barrel-vaulted ceiling which 
springs from a string course on a level with and of similar section to the 
abacus of the arch responds. A small door, now built up and partially 
destroyed, may be seen on the north side of the choir. 

There is no evidence to show whether the presbytery was originally 
square-ended or apsidal, its eastern termination having been rebuilt in the 
fourteenth century. The modern east window of three lights is apparently 

1 84 


a copy of the original, the old tracery being inserted over the door of a 
porch erected at the west end in 1895. In the south wall of the presbvtery 
is a trefoiled opening containing the bowl of a piscina, and over it is a 
credence shelf. 

There are two effigies in the presbytery w^hich were moved to their 
present position in 1892 from the west end of the nave. They are 
chiselled out of close-grained sandstone blocks, and represent a knight and 
lady. The equipment of the knight serves to date this effigv as belonging 
to the third quarter of the thirteenth century. That of the lady is perhaps 

Male Effigv in Seaton Delaval Chapel. 

a little later in date. They may be taken to represent, either Sir Eustace 
Delaval, who died in 1258, and his wife, Constance de Baliol, who 
survived him ; or Sir Henry Delaval, who died in 1272, and his wife, 
Mary de Biddleston. 

The figure of the knight rests on a moulded slab, six feet two inches by 
two feet two inches. Considerable skill is shown in the expression of the 
face and the general pose of the figure. The knight wears a chain hauberk, 
with the arms and gloves in one piece, finishing above the knee. The 
hands are in an attitude of prayer, and the mail gloves which cover them 
appear to be divided for the fingers and thumbs. The head reposes on a 
plain square cushion ; it is enclosed in a hood of mail, nearly flat over the 



crown, slightly overlapping the shoulders, and girt by a band across the 
forehead. The legs are crossed and are encased in mail hose, bound by a 
garter below the knee, the knee pieces being of plain iron or cuir-bouilli. 
The feet, which are mail-shod, rest on a mutilated beast with a knotted tail, 
and carry spiked spurs, secured by straps buckled over the instep. The 
body-armour is covered by a sleeveless surcoat, short in front and reaching 
at the back below the knees, being partially slit up the middle, both before 
and behind, and secured at the waist by a strap, buckled and pendent. 
A broad sword-belt, enriched with roundels, falls to the sword on the left 
of the figure. The sword, of which the blade has been broken off, is of 
a simple cross-hilted type. Supported by a strap passing over the left 
shoulder is a bowed triangular shield, without ensignment, reaching from 
shoulder to knee. 

Female Effigv in Seaton Delaval Chapel. 

The female figure is habited in a tight-fitting kirtle or under garment, 
having sleeves reaching to the knuckles, and falling in formal folds about 
the feet. Worn over the kirtle is a bodice with a broad band of plaited 
work running down the centre. The bodice terminates at the hips, which 
are encircled by a girdle. Over all is a loose mantle falling in folds to the 
feet. This is surmounted by a jewelled collar, fastened by a brooch at the 
throat and having pendent cords. A kerchief covers both head and neck ; 
the head rests on two cushions with tassels at the corners. 

Eight cusped panels, dating from the close of the fourteenth century, 
are inserted over the west door, but doubtless once formed part of an 
altar tomb. The panels contain shields, on four of which are the arms of 
Delaval {ermine, tivo bars vert, differenced with a iniillct on tlie upper 

Vol. I.\. 24 



bar) ; two shields give the following arms ; gules, a lion rainpiDit ermine 
crowned or, charged with a inolet ;^ and on the two remaining shields is 
a ridged cross. Several funeral achievements, including hatchments, 
standards, swords and gauntlets adorn the walls of the chapel.^ 

A charter dated 1174, whereby Bishop Pudsey confirmed to Tyne- 
mouth priory the churches and chapels in the gift of that monastery, 
contains the earliest mention of a chapel at Seaton Del aval, and by coupling 
that chapel with the mother church of Tynemouth, indicates its dependence 
upon the latter church.^ Although habituallv termed a chantry,^ it must 
not be supposed to have existed solely for the offering of prayers for bene- 
factors, or to have been a private chapel of the lords of Seaton Delaval. 
Right of access was allowed to a considerable number of persons, and 
possibly to all the inhabitants of the manor in which it was situated/ A 


Armorial Shields, Seaton Delaval Chapel. 

letter addressed in the thirteenth or fourteenth century by the conservators 
of the privileges of St. Alban's to the vicar and parishioners of Tynemouth 
states that the brethren of the monastery of St. Alban's had granted per- 

' The tinctures can no longer be made out, but they were noted in 1862 by Mr. Longstaffe in 
Tonge's Visitation, Surt. Soc. No. 41, p. xxxv. Mr. Longstaffe blazons the lion as 'encircled with a bar 
azure, on which is a mullet,' but probably the bar is simply a flattened surface left for the purpose of 
carving the molet. 

- For a description of the hatchments see Proc. Soc. Antiq. Nezccasth; 2nd series, vol. ix. p. 183. 
A ' note of such things as were used at ye solemnities of Sir Raiphe Delavale his funerall ' on December 
2 1st, 162S, includes a crest, helmet, mantle, wreath and tassells ; a targett and sword, a standard, a 
pennon, and coat-armour. The chapel, as well as the great chamber, hail, and lodging of the deceased 
were at that time hung with black. 

' Ecclesia de Tynemutha cum capella de Setuna. St. Alban's Register, fol. 124b, printed in vol. viii. 
of this work, p. 63 n. 

' The chapel is styled the chantry of Seaton Delaval in 1410 {.\Iiscella}ieous Inquisitions, Chancen-, 
file 288), the chantry of Seaton in 1 5 16 {Seaton Delaval Court Rolls), and the chantry of our Lady at 
Seaton Delaval in 1520 {Waterford Charters, No. 21). 

* In 1333 it is called the chapel of the vill of Seaton Delaval. Tynemouth Chnrtulary, fol. 160, 
quoted above. Seaton Delaval was, however, included within the parochial chapelry of Earsdon ; see 
above, p. 14. 


mission to certain persons to hear divine service in a chapel at North 
Seaton. Other parishioners of Tynemouth, who had presumed upon this 
licence, were thereby threatened with ecclesiastical penalties, and the chapel 
was laid under interdict while they remained within it.' 

The absence of any other early chapel in the neighbourhood accounts 
for the extended use made of the chantry. It possessed a cemetery and 
baptistry. The former was dedicated afresh by Eishop Pudsey (1174-1188), 
security being given for the indemnity of the mother church." Proofs of age 
attest the baptism of Robert Delaval in this chapel on June 22nd, 1263,^ and 
of Henry Delaval on January 12th, 1343/4.* The patronage was vested 
in the family of Delaval,' in accordance with an agreement made with 
Tynemouth priory, whereby it was settled that the chaplain should be 
presented in the first instance by the lord of Seaton to the prior and 
convent, who, in their turn, should present the chosen candidate to the arch- 
deacon for institution.'^ This procedure safeguarded alike the rights of 
the founder and those of the impropriators of the mother church. 

' De sancto Edniundo de Westmonasterio et de Ryddyng abbates, conservatores piivilegiorum 
fratrum nionasterii sancti Albani a sede apostolica deputati, vcnerabilibus viris et discrelis magistris 
Roberto Mautalent, Henrico Gategan, vicario de Tynem', et universis ejiisdem ecclesie parochianis, 
salutem in Domino senipiternam. Cum dictis fratriljus a sede apostolica sit indultum ut nulli fas sit in 
parochiis ecclesiaium siiaium oratorium vel cappellam sine eoium construere voluntate, sitque per 
sunimuni pontificeni interdictnm ne in oiatoiiis vel cappellis ipsis invitis constructis divina officia, 
quosque eis satisfactmii fuerit, celebraientur, quidani \estium, ut dicitur, verba salvare indulgencie hujus 
molientes, ut circumveniant et destruant censuni ejus, in cappella quadam de North Seton in qua audire 
divina certis personis ipsoium fratrum cum liberalitate permissum est, contra ipsorum fratrum volun- 
tatem, in eorum non modicum prejudicium et gravamen, audire divina presumunt contra tenorem 
privilegie memorate. Quocirca universitati vestre, domini pape c|ua fungimur auctoritate, sub pena 
canonica firmiter precipiendo mandamus C[uatinus, hiis duntaxat personis exceptis quibus in dicto loco 
est audire divina dictorum fratrum de liberalitate permissum, nullus omnino vestrum ipsis invitis pre- 
sumat audire divina, scientes unumquemque vestrum qui in dicto loco contra banc prohibicionem 
nostram divina audire in loco presunipserit prohibito suspencionis ab ingressu ecclesie sentencie sub- 
jacere, cappellamque ipsam dum ibi fuerit esse suppositam interdicto. Quod si non omnes hiis 
exequendis potueritis interesse vel nolueritis, duo vestrum ea nichilominus exequantur. Valete. Tyne- 
mouth Chiirluliiry, {o\. Ii6. 

- See vol. viii. of this work, p. 66 note. A family vault exists below the chapel, and contains several 
coffins of members of the Uelaval family. A record of such inscriptions as could be deciphered in lS88 
is printed in Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newcustk, 2nd series, vol. iii. p. 281, and vol. i.x. p. 182, note. 

^ Calcndariiim Genmlogicum, vol. i. p. 352. ' Arch. Ad. ist series, vol iv. p. 326. 

* In an indenture dated May iSth, 1520, John Delaval is styled patron of the chantry of our Lady 
at Seaton Delaval. Watevford Charters, No. 21. See also the document quoted in the next note. 

" Reverendis religiosis viris dominis priori et conventui de Tynemuth, eorum, si placet, Robertus 
dominus villae de Seton de la Vale, salutem in Domino. AA capellam dicte ville vacantem et ad 
presentacionem meam spectantem, dominum Ricardum de Burudon, capellanum, exhibitorem pre- 
sentium, secundum vim, formam, et effectuni composicionis in ea parte habite, vobis presento, per 
presentes supplicans attencius et devote ciualinus negocia ipsius domino archidiacono Northumbriae vel 
ejus locum tenenti pro me nihilominus presentanda, prout ad vos pertinet, promovere dignemini 
gratiose, jure matris ecclesie in omnibus semper salvo. In cujus, etc. Datum apud Seton de la \'ale, 
xij Kal. Junii, -A.D. 1333. Tynemouth Cliartulary, fol. 160. 


Tlie chantry had a special endowment in hmd. Sir Henry Dehival, 

who died in or about 1270, gave fifty acres of land in Seaton for the 

maintenance of a chaplain.' On February 13th, 1407/8, William Whit- 

chester the elder enfeoffed Thomas Persbrygg and his successors, chaplains 

of the chantry of Seaton Delaval, with two messuages in Newbiggen-on- 

the-Sea.'^ Certain lands in Biddleston, called the Priest's lands, also 

belonged to the chantry.^ The chapel was dedicated to our Lady,^ the 

original patron saint of the mother church of Tynemouth. 

List of Chaplains of Seaton Delaval. 

1313. Adam (Reg. Pal. Dun. Rolls series, vol. i. p. 424). 

'333- Kichard de Burudon, presented May 21st, 1333 (Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. 160). 

1344. William Brown (Arch. Ad. ist series, vol. iv. p. 326). 

1352. William de Whitby, presented May 5th, 1352 {Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. 175 b). 

140S. Thomas Persbrygg {Miseellaneous Inquisitions, Chancery, file 288) ; ordained deacon in 1376 and 

priest in 1377 (Hatfield's Register, fol. in). 

I 501. Gerard Story {Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Bishop Barnes, Surt. Soc. No. 22, p. xxi). 

1516. Edward Story {Seaton Delaval Court Rolls) ; living May l8th, 1520 {Waterjord Charters, No. 21). 

1562. Richard Anderson.^ 

1578. Leonard Hall, curate of Earsdon {Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Bishop Barnes, p. 44). 

The chantry escaped the notice of the commissioners for the suppres- 
sion of chantries in 1552, but in 1578 the curacy was allowed to fall 
vacant,^ the incumbent of Earsdon ministering in the chapel when occa- 
sion required.' The fabric was kept in good repair by the owners of 

' Hundred Rolls, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 23. In 1497/S the jurors of the manor court of Seaton 
Delaval announced that a head-rigg of Colleflat had been given to the blessed ^L■^ry for ever. The 
following memorandum relating to the endowment of the chantry also occurs on the Seaton Delaval 
court rolls: 'That at this court, March 3rd, 15 16, Edward Storre, chaplain of the chantry of Seaton, 
and the tenants or farmers of Seaton Delaval, were agreed that the said chaplain and his successors 
shall have for ever grassing and pasture for three plough-o.\en ; and, in return for this gift, the said 
chaplain quit claims for himself all right to a certain letch, in the presence of Philip Dacres, then lord 
of Seaton, of John Beadnell, seneschal of the court, and of many others.' 

' Miscellaneous Inquisitions, Chancery, file 2S8. 

' By indenture dated May i8th, 1520, Sir Edward Storour, chaplain of the chantry of our Lady at 
Seaton Delaval, with the consent of John Delaval, esq., then patron of the said chantry, let to farm to 
Percival Selby of Biddleston, gent., all the lands called the Priest's lands in Biddleston belonging to 
the chantry, for fifteen years, at the annual rent of 5s. 4d., ' provided alweys the Whitsonday farme to be 
paid at Walryck day, called the fayre of Alnewyk, and the Martilmes fanne in the fest of the Purificacion 
of our Lady, etc., in the chapell of Seton Delavale.' Watcrford Charters, No. 21. 

' In his will, dated December 31st, 1571, Sir John Delaval directed his body to be buried in 'the 
chappell of our Ladie at Seaton Dallavell.' Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. i. (Surt. Soc. No. 2), 
P- 375- 

' 'Item I will that Sir Richerd .Anderson, clerk and chapplaine unto me, shal have meit and drink 
with my Sonne John DalavcU, and also for his doing during his naturall lyft'the soume ofTfoure pounds, 
sex shillings, eight penc ; and, yf he shal be by aidg or other wyse devexed or biynd, to have his meat 
and drinke, and the said annuall stipend off iiij' vj' viij'' whills he lyveth.' Will of Sir John Delaval, knt., 
ibid. p. 205. 

' Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Bishop Barnes, p. 72. 

' Warburton, circa 1720, describes Seaton Delaval as 'a chapel of ease preached at every third 
Sunday by ye parson of Earsdon.' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 


Seaton Delaval. Thomas Delaval has recorded that his father, Sir Ralph 
Delaval, knight, ' repayred the chappell, built new the west end of it, 
slated it, put up the steeple new, glased it, plaistered it all over without 
and within, new hewed the pillars and arches, and new stalled and seated 
it all, and hung up two bells in it.' ' 

The graveyard attached to the chapel continued to be used by others 
than the owners of the estate, as is shown by the following entries in the 
Earsdon register :^ 

172 1/2, Feb. 4. Mr. William Wrey, schoolmaster of Seaton Sluice, buried Seaton Delaval chapel-yard. 

1722, April 7. Mr. William Silvertop of South Blyth, buried Seaton Delaval. 

1722, April 23. Mr. Charles Henderson, custom house officer at Hartley, buried Seaton Delaval. 

1724, April 7. Mr. William Greene of Hartley, officer of the custom house, buried Seaton Delaval. 

Archdeacon Thomas Sharpe, in a visitation made in 1723, noted the 
ambiguous position occupied by the chapel. 

Here is also a chapel, and a very ancient one. But I do not find that the sacraments have been 
administered in it in the memory of man,^ tho' there is an old communion table in it. The curate of 
Earsden attends it whenever the Delaval family desires his assistance. It not plainly appearing whether 
it was within the archdeacon's jurisdiction or no, tho' I confess I take it to be so, I did not venture to give 
any directions concerning it. 

In 1 89 1 Delaval parish was formed out of the townships of Seaton 
Delaval and Hartley. The living, which is in the gift of Lord Hastmgs, 
has been held since 1891 by the Rev. G. W. Jackson, M.A., who also 
serves chapels of ease at Seaton Delaval colliery, New Hartley, and 
Seaton Sluice. The burial ground attached to the church of our Lady 
was presented to the parish in 1895 by the twentieth Lord Hastings and 
occupies the site of the old chapel garth. 

The Presbytery of Northumberland determined, in 1844, to settle a 
regular minister at Seaton Delaval, and a Presbyterian chapel was built 
there in the following year.'' The following is a list of its ministers : 
John McMurray, 1845- 1847 ; Robert Henderson, 1848-1857 ; John Brown, 
1857-1900; John B. Cantley, M.A., 1901. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

- The chapel-yard was apparently closed or disused in 1743 ; see Robinson, Delaval Papers, p. 126. 

' On December 5th, 1658, 'was the tirst communion given at Seaton by Mr. Henderson. Communi- 
cants, Mr. Ralph Delavall ; my Lady .Ann Delavall ; Mrs. Henderson ; Mr. Dixon, minister ; Mr. 
Turner, register, and his wife ; Robert Barker, Thomas Chicken and his wife, Thomas Barrow, John 
Ladley, Mathew Ladley, and Elizabeth Ladley.' Earsdon Register. 

' A Presbyterian congregation had previously existed at Hartley, to which the Rev. John Blythe, 
also minister at Blyth, mmistered from about 1790 until 1803. His successors, the Rev. Newton Blythe, 
the Rev. William Robertson and his assistant the Rev. Alexander Heron, continued to hold services 
there with regularity until the foundation of a ministry at Seaton Delaval. 


Seaton Delaval Manor. 

Scrub, moor, bog and sandy waste formed, doubtless, in the twelfth 
century, no small portion of the township of Seaton Delaval. A small 
colony of freemen may once have inhabited the vill ; about the year 
1240 two tenants in socage still had petty holdings within the township;' 
but the tendency was to depress the small freeholder, and the subsidy roll 
for 1296 suggests that the tenants were poor people, probably possessed 
of customary holdings. 

Seton de la Vale 

Subsidy Roll 

, 1296.- 







Summa bonorum domini Robert! de la Va 

e ... 15 



unde regi 




„ Walteri de Whytrig 

1 1 




„ Willelnii Lounes 





„ Agnetis vidua 






„ Alicie uxoris Rogeri filii 

Johannis i 




„ Rogeri de Whytrig ... 





„ Radulphi filii Roberti 





„ Johannis Baret 





„ Gilberti Lounes 





„ . Radulphi Batayl 





„ Simonis de Haliwell 

1 1 




„ Roberti de Langhirst 





„ Johannis prepositi ... 






„ Willelnii filii Edmundi 






„ Radulphi Hoggard ... 





„ Johannis filii Rogeri 






„ Walteri filii Radulphi 






Summa hujus ville, ^31 i8s. yd. ; unde domino regi, £2 iSs. o|d. 

By an inquisition taken on November 8th, 1297, it was found that 
there were twenty-four bondage holdings in the manor of Seaton Delaval, 
paying yearly ^^29 2s. in money rent and the value of ^.3 7s. in labour ; 
twenty-two cottages held by labour-service only, valued at £1 14s. per 
annum, and eight cottages giving a rent of ^3 7s. 2d. The manor- 
house was estimated to be worth five shillings a year. There were 
three hundred acres of arable demesne and forty-five acres of meadow, 
worth respectively sixpence and a shilling per acre. The yearly profits 
of a brew-house were estimated at i6s., while a water-mill and two 
windmills brought in ;;^ 8 i8s 8d.^ An e.xtent taken on November 4th, 
131 1, gives further details, showing that 814 acres, or less than one-third 
of the present area of the township, were at that time under the plough. 

' Richard de Dalton held twenty-four acres, and Richard le Blunt held twelve ; both paid two 
shillings rent. Testa de Nevill, Record Com. p. 387. 

- Lay Subsidy Roll, J-p. 3 /„iy. ^_,„. 35 Edw. I. No. 47. 


Survey of Seton de la Vale, 131 i.' 

A manor-house and herbage of the close 

A dove-cote 

190 acres of arable at 5id. an acre ... 

20 acres of meadow at 2s. an acre ... 

A pasture held in severalty ... 

24 bonds, each holding a messuage and 24 acres of arable, each 

viz. : Is. lid. an acre 
2 bonds, each holding a messuage and 24 acres of arable at the lord's 

viz. : lod. an acre ... 
A brew-house ... 
A water-mill and two windmills 

paying ^i 7s. loW., 
will, each paying £1, 


C s. d. 

4 7 ' 
I 10 o 

33 9 o 

o 13 o 
10 o o 

^54 5 I 

Nearly all the names entered on the subsidy roll of 1296 reappear, in 
the same order, on that of 1312. 

Seton de la Vale Subsidy Roll, 

Summa bonorum domini Roberti de la Vale 
Roberti de Langhirste 
Walteri de Vytrigg ... 
Willelmi Lounes 
Agnetis vidue 
Rogeri filii Johannis 
Roger! de Vytrigg ... 
Radulphi filii Roberti 
Johannis Baret 
Gilberti Lounes 
Radulphi Pagild 
Roberti fabri 
Ade filii Roberti 
Simonis de Haliwell 
Roberti Carter 
Johannis prepositi ... 
Willelmi filii Edmundi 
Radulphi filii Edmundi 
Johannis filii Rogeri 
Walteri filii Radulphi 
Summa summarum particularum, ^53 2s. Sd. 



(. s. 






regi 40 

' '5 




' 3 




I 7 

6 !! 



■ 13 




2 14 




2 6 




I 15 




I iS 




I 17 




' 9 








I I 

4 „ 



I 6 








1 15 





10 „ 



3 3 




I 15 




2 10 



; unde 

regi, ^5 

6s. 3id. 

By 1336 these names had been replaced by others indicative, for the 
most part, of ministerial status, namely, Robert de la Vall, 20s. ; Robertus 
prepositus, 4s.; Johannes Hoggard, 2s. ; Johannes faber, is.; Ricardus 
serjaunt, 3s. 4d. ; Robertas carpentarius, 35.'^ Another detailed survey, 

' Inq. p.m. 5 Edw. II. No. 70. 
' Lay Subsidy Roll, ip. 

•-' Lay Subsidy Roll, i§a. 




























taken on September 30th, 1353, shows an increase of demesne ; the 
number of bondage-holdings remains constant, but the sites of twenty waste 
cottages mark the recent presence of the Black Death. 

Survey of Seton ue la Vale, 1353.' 

A manor-house and garden of which the herbage is worth 

A dove-cote 

360 acres of arable demesne at 3d. an acre ... 

30 acres of meadow at 2s. an acre 

200 acres of moor and sandy pasture held in severalty, at 2d. an acre ... 

26 husbandlands, each containing 24 acres of arable, at 8d. an acre 

A cottage with 6 acres of arable adjacent 

Another cottage with 6 acres of arable adjacent 

8 cottages at IS. 6d. each 

20 ruined cottages, each worth 4d. in herbage 

A windmill 

A waste and demolished water-mill ... 

A plantation containing 10 acres at 2d. an acre 

Total ^34 8 4" 

A final survey, taken on April 20th, 15 19, wherein are enumerated 
eighty acres of arable and fourteen acres of meadow demesne, worth 
eightpence an acre, twelve tenements each worth ^1 3s. 4d., and five 
cottages each worth fourpence,' brings the history of the township down 
to a period at which it is taken up by court rolls. These cover the 
greater part of the sixteenth century, the series being practically complete 
for the reigns of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth.^ They merit a detailed 
investigation, not as presenting peculiarities of manorial organization, but 
because they serve the more valuable office of portraying village life in 
a county singularly destitute of this class of records. 

Two large commons, namely, those of Whitridge and of Seaton, lay 
within the manor.* Seaton common lay on the borders of Holywell, and 

' luq. p.m. 27 Edw. III. No. 67. 

'" A later survey, taken on August 20th, 1432, relates only to one-third of the manor, then held in 
dower, and it is doubtful whether a multiplication of the items contained in it would give a precise rental 
of the whole township. It mentions a chamber, the third part of a hall, the third part of a kitchen, and 
the third part of a ruinous grange, all part of the manor-house, unlet for want of tenants ; twenty-four 
acres of arable demesne at 6d. an acre ; five acres of meadow at is. 8d. an acre; three messuages and 
three husbandlands worth los. each ; two tofts and two husbandlands worth 6s. 8d. each ; two built cot- 
tages let together for 4s. ; and two waste cottages let together for 2s. 6d. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI. No. 44. 

^ Inq. p.m. second series, vol. xxxiv. No. 48. 

'The court rolls for Seaton Delaval tfinp. Henry VIII. are in the possession of the marquis of 
Waterford ; those for the reign of Elizabeth are among the Delaval MSS. in the possession of the New- 
castle Society of Antiquaries. 

' For their limits see above, p. 134. 


the tenants of that township had rights of intercommoning.' A wood 
extending along the northern slopes of Holywell dene was held by the 
lord of the manor in severalty, and no tenant was permitted to cut down 
timber or take estovers from the wood without his lord's licence and 
order.'^ To the lord also belonged some forty acres named the South 
moor. Here the tenants appear to have had a right of pasturing their 
cattle,' but the soil belonged to the lord, and a prohibition was conse- 
quently made against cutting the heather that grew thereon.'' The lord 
also held, of his own private right, the links along the coast. The 
coarse sea-bents and the rabbits that made their warren there' had alike 
their uses. Bents were the lord's monopoly ; they might not be cut 
without his licence;'^ fetching them at the commandment of the lord's 
officers was a duty incumbent upon all tenants; a by-law passed in 1584 
provides 'that the tenants of Seaton Delavale shall devide themselves into 
two parts, whereof vj tenants to fetch bents one weecke, th' other vj 
tenants another weecke, and the cotingers the third weeke, upon payne 
of iij^ iiij''.' ' William Turner of Morpeth, master of Pembroke college, 
Cambridge, writing in 1568 of the 'sea-bente or sea-rishe whereof the frayles 

' See above, p. 92. 

■ Pena posita est quod nuUus capiet de silvis domini sine deliberacione et mandate dicti domini, sub 
pena xij''. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls, 1526. 

' Inq. p.m. second series, vol. .\x.\iv. No. 48. 

* Seaton Delaval Court Rolls, 1527. A more general prohibition, made in 1526, provides that no one 
shall cut whins before they are of the height of two feet. In his estate book for 16 13 Sir Ralph Delaval 
notes : ' My ewes generally depastured all over Seaton Moore ; my kyne lave nightlye in the South 
Moore ; my oxen laye nightlye in the Swalloden Pasture.' Marquis of Waterford's MSS'. 

* By an indenture made June 2nd, 1599, Robert Delaval leased to Christopher Richardson of Barnes 
in the county of Durham his cony-warren called the Links, 'frome the southe syde of the becke called 
Newsome borne untill a certeyn howse or lodge now buylded at the southe end of the said lynkes com- 
monly called the warrenner's howse ; together with the said howse and the depastureinge or grasse for 
fowre kye with there followers or calves untill they be a yere olde ; and one nagge to depasture goe and 
feed wynter and somber in and upon the said lynkes, the southe moare, and the bankes adjoyneinge to 
the same howse, and one othyr nagge to be contynuallye kept within the said house or teddred and 
bounde nighe and aboule the same ; and also the libertie of kepinge fedinge and killinge of conyes of 
and within the said ground called the lynkes, and the libertye to fetche home or kyll the counyes strainge 
in the Salter closse within the territories of Hartlowe or any other grounds belonginge to the demesne 
of Seton Delavale aforesaid.' The premises were leased for three years, in return for a payment of 300 
conies for the first year and of 480 conies for each following year. Mr. Delaval undertook to give 
Richardson a livery coat at such time as he should give liveries to all other his servants, and also yearly 
to set forth to him so much meadow as would produce a fother or wain-load of hay for the feeding of 
his nag. Richardson was to be ready at convenient times with himself and a serviceable nag to attend 
Mr. Delaval when he should be thereunto warned. He covenanted to leave the house in good repair at 
the end of the term, to leave on the links 400 couple of living conies, and to leave to Mr. Delaval seven 
falls or traps then being in the said warren, well made, planted and set in the premises, and one 
'couny-haye' or net, as they should be at his entry to the same. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

' In 1586 the wives of four of the tenants of Hartley were presented for cutting bents and carrying 
them off to Newcastle, without the lord's licence shown therein. Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 

' IbUt. 
Vql. L\, ' 25 


are made that figges and rasines are caried hether in out of Spayne,' adds, 
' The same bent or sea-rishe have I sene in Northumberland besyde Ceton 
Dalavale, and ther thev make hattes of it.' ' 

The lord's sporting rights were by no means limited to his rabbit- 
warren. Under a charter granted by Henry II. he was entitled to beasts 
of the chase throughout the township;^ and these privileges find further 
expression in an order made in the manor-court in 1592 'that non of th' 
inhabitants in Hallowell nor elsewhere within this lordship shall hunt in 
the lord's demayne or bringe any greyhound within the same without 
license, suh pena Vf viij''.' The court rolls furnish little evidence of 
poaching, for which there may have been no great temptation. Regula- 
tions respecting fisheries have already been set out in the account of 
Hartley township. 

Besides the larger commons above enumerated there were small pieces 
of waste and rough grass land scattered throughout the township. Such 
were the balks that divided rig from rig in the common fields. Here and 
on so much of the arable land as each year lay fallow, in the stubble of 
the corn-fields after harvest, and in the fog left on the meadows when the 
hay was mown, tenants and cottagers found pasturage for their horned cattle, 
horses, pigs and geese. A few enclosed pieces of pasture were reserved 
for draught-oxen and for fattening kine. The order of pasturage and the 
number of stints allowed to each inhabitant were rigorously defined by by- 
laws made in the court or fixed by common agreement, and offenders were 
presented by the jury at the next court following. A cowherd, shepherd 
and swineherd, common servants of the community, controlled the pasturing 
of its flocks and herds in the daytime and brought them back nightly to the 
town gate. There was a common bull,' and a pindar had the charge of a 
common park or pound, for the maintenance of which the husbandry tenants 
were wholly responsible.'' Ordinances not only fixed the proportion of stock 
that villagers might keep upon a given area, but prescribed the nature and 
amount of live stock which each might have in his possession. It was laid 
down in 1494 that no tenant might keep on his land above two horses or 

' Turner, Herbal, part ii. p. 144. - Placita de quo warranto. Record Com. p. 589. 

' Juratores dicunt super eoruni sacramentum quod tenentes de Seton Delavale non habuerunt com- 
munem taurum, ideo in misericordia vj' viij". Scaton Dclaval Court Rolls, 1591. 

' The tenants of Seaton Delaval shall repaire and uphold the pynfold whollie amongst them without 
any helpe of the cotingers there, pena cujuslibet tenentis xij''. Ibid. 15S1. 


mares, and that no cottager should keep more than one cow.' The follow- 
ing orders, extracted from the court rolls, serve to further illustrate the 
customs prevailing in respect to pasturage. 

1 5 19. Pena posita est quod nullus custodiet equos infra gramen vel praliim (|UOUsque gramen sit 
niessuin, sub pena de iiij'' tociens quocicns ; item quod nullus custodiet aucas infra villani nisi juxta 
festum [nativitatis] beate Marie in festum sancti Hillarii, sub pena de xij''. 

1536. Ordinatum est quod omnes porci rengantur per Johannem Fraunche et Joliannem Robynson, 
inde provisores, inter festum sancti Micliaelis et festum sancte Helene ; ad quod quidem festum quilibet 
habitator de Seton dabit prefato Johanni Fraunche et Johanni Robynson unum denarium. 

1559. It ys orderid that every man shall savely kepe their cattail frome the herd bryng them in to 
the towne-end at nyght, opon payne of xij''. 

1 561. It is ordenyd that no tenante nor inhabitor shall kepe herafter eny horse or mares in tethers in 
eny ground appertenyng to the towne or their tenements, but only opon their faughe rygs, opon peyne of xij''. 

1572. It is ordered that no tenand of Seton Delavall shall not put awaye no cattell in sonier away 
from the hyrd upon payne of iij' iiij'' ; that none of the tenandes of Seton Delavall shall not put ther 
nages to no other place but to the comon hyrd, upon payne of ij'' ; that no tenand shall not kepe no 
cattell in severall yardes without licence of all nighbours, upon payne of xij''. 

1581. Memorandum that yt is ordered that none of the cotingers of Seaton Delaval shall kepe any 
moe cattail then one cowe for every cotager, sub pena vj' viij'', and no swyne or shepe without lycenz, 
sub pena u'f iiij''. Item that non of the said cotingers shall put there cattail into any hayned feild 
belonging the tenants of Seaton Delaval, which is kept and hayned for the releef of there oxen, untill 
there oxen have depastured and eaten the same the space of a moneth, pe}ia xij''. 

1 591. Pena posita that none of the hindes, hirdes or cotagers of Hartley, Seaton Delavale and 
Dissington shall kepe there pigges any longer then untill they be twenetie daies olde, but presentlie at 
that aige shall put them awaie, sub pena v'f \\\f for every pigge. 

1593. Payne laid that all th' inhabitants within the lordship haveng swyne shall daile put them to 
the swyne-hird every morning to be caried to the feild, and also shall loke for them and receyve them at 
night, and kepe them close in there howses all the night-tyme, and not to suffer them go abrod. And yf 
any swyne be found in the night-season trespassing in corne or medowe, the owner thereof shall paye as 
well for the trespasse as the night-laire. 

In the meadow closes and the open arable fields, where each tenant 
had his allotment of selions or rigs, custom, under the name of 'neighbour- 
hood,' reigned supreme. ' Neighbourhood ' was enforced by grassmen in 
the meadow and by the pounder in the common fields, and breaches of it 
were dealt with by the jury in the manor-court. As custom grew ever more 
closely defined, identical offences might be entered on the court rolls on 
one occasion as contra vicinitatem^ on another as contra penaiii. But 
custom, although defined by by-laws, did not depend on them for its 
validity. The punishment of an offence often preceded its formal pro- 
hibition. ' Neighbourhood,' as the sum of the elemental conditions of 
champion farming, required no specific enactment to become authoritative." 

' Compare an order made in 1560: 'Ordinatum est quod nulli tencntes de Seaton Dalyvall et 
Halywell custodierunt abinde [plus cjuam] un.ani steage et duas aucas, sub pena vi' viij''.' 

- The ideas of customary usage, mutual agreement, and formal sanction are brought together in a 
by-law made in 1526: Pena posita est quod nullus teder' equos suos in communi via nee in aliquo alio 
loco nisi in loco consueto aut ubi limitatum fuit per omnes vicinos, sub pena iiij"* ; ibid. 


The same rotation of crops and seasons of husbandry were incumbent 
upon all tenants. ' Everye man shall sawe his sed quen as nyghtbors 
sawe.' ' Each had to bear his share in repairing fences and gates, in 
making dikes and scouring water-courses. Encroachments and the waying 
of rigs were equally offences against neighbourhood. In 1564 ' yt ys 
ordenyd by the whole consent of the jury' (the phrase is noticeable) 'that 
no inhabitor shall at no tvme herafter make wevs with waynes or otherways 
throwghout or over mens' rygs sowne with corne, opon peyne of every 
defalt xij'", over and besides agreyng with the partie offendyd.' 

Select Presentments made at the Manor Court. 

1578. Presentatur per balivum pacis quod Robertus Hill sepius ac diversis temporibus ligavit 
equum fratris sui Johannis in campo seperali, anglice lez several!, contra vicinitatem. Item presentatur 
quod Robertus Fife at Richardus Myll non observarunt vicinitatem in veniendo ad edificandam fabricam 
fabri ferrarii ; ideo uterque eorum ut paret super capita, viij''. Presentatur per Malheum Ladley de 
Hallywell, querentem, quod Johannes Reede de eadem succindebat fenum crescens de in et super unum 
lez balke pertinentem sibi, ac quod asportavit dictum fenum convertendum ad proprium usum contra 

1579. Presentatur quod Edwardus Fiflfe non fecit vicinitatem in cominge with his neighbors to the 
churchyard dicke. Edwardus Fifife pro consimili, for haveng mo mowers then his neighbors. Dictus 
FifiTe pro consimili, for putting iiij kyne more on the sluble then his neighbors agreed of. Thomas 
Swane pro consimili, for not sending to dame water in Liesden and the Broks for there cattail. Gawinus 
Skipsie, for not coming with neighbors to request the mucke of Whitriche. Dictus Skipsie, for putting 
forth his oxen before daie, before the corne was inned. Item Matheus Cometh for putting a stirke in 
the Towe, contra vicinilatem. Item .Arthurus Tailor, pro succisione fundi cum aratro plenius quam 
debuit, ideo ut paret super caput. 

A set of enactments made in 1583 shows what care was taken for the 
maintenance of dikes and gates within the township. 

Item that the tenants of Seaton Uelaval shall make there dick about corne and medoue able and 
sufficient by the seight of the baliff and sworne men ; and so often as the said balife and sworn men 
shall thinke the said dick not able, that the partie owner of that parte of the dicke shall make yt able 
and sufficient at there discretion within twoo dales next after he shall have knowledge thereof by the 
baliff or one of the sworne men ; pena xij''. That every tenant within Seaton Delaval shall make up 
there gapes about the corne and medoue within xxiiij howres after warning be geven to them by the 
balife or one of the sworne men, siih pena vj''. That viij tenants within the towneshipp of Seaton Delaval 
shall uphold and maynteyne the gatt at Thomas Walton howse-end called the Lid-gate, and iiij tenants 
to uphold the neue gatte at the Cotflat, and so to contynue yerelie, sub pena \\'f. That all the tenants in 
Seaton Delaval shall uphold th'other two gattes, viz. : the gate at Robert Swane his howse-end and the 
water-gaite to the Lombert well, sub pena xij"". The sworn men to veue all the dickes about the towne 
and feilds of Seaton Delaval wecklie upon Sundaie, sub pena ^\f.- 

' Seaton Delaval Court Rolls, 1543. In 1512 John Fraunch was presented for ploughing after his 
neighbours had sown their seed ; ibid. 

- An order made in i 537 furnishes interesting evidence as to the character of these dikes : ' M. that 
every man make his dik ly as hegh as yat may reche to of heght with a spaide, onder the pane of iij"*.' 


One class of entries is conspicuously absent from the court rolls of 
Seaton Delaval, full as they are of every other detail. Not a word is said 
of admissions or surrenders, of leases for term of life or otherwise, or of 
fines payable upon entry to a holding. It must not be supposed that 
a tenant could freely dispose of his farm without submitting to the juris- 
diction of the manor-court. The explanation lies rather in the opposite 
direction ; tenants held their lands in fact as well as in theory at the will 
of the lord, a circumstance which accounts for the ease with which they 
were subsequently evicted. In the course of three centuries their position 
had not materially altered. They were still prohibited from selling live 
stock without the licence of the lord of the manor or without offering him 
the pre-emption' — the old sure mark of villeinage. Tenants in husbandry 
appear, in this manor, to have been e.xempt from week-work from the first, 
that form of labour-service being incumbent only upon cottagers.' They 
may have commuted the prccan'a or shere-days which the cottagers were 
still obliged to attend," but they remained liable to carting-services and 
had to perform certain special works, such as the spinning of the lord's fla.x 
or lint.^ In 1577 ' yt ys comanded that every tennant do cary bentes at the 
comandment of William Hill or any other that commethe in my master's 
name, sub pena ij'' pro qualibet culpa ; also that every tennant within the 
towne of Seton at ther goyng to the towne of Newcastell do know the lord's 
pleasure or his offecer in house, sub pena iiij'' pro qualibet culpa ; item that 
every cotenger do come to the lord's worcke at the commandment of any 
that the lord or his offecer shall send, sub pena ij'' pro qualibet culpa.' ^ 

' 'Yt ys oidenyd that no man shall sell eny kynde of cattell but onely such as they shall first present 
and make offer to iheir master of, opon peyne of vj' viij''.' Ibtd. 1561. An analogous order was made in 
1601 : 'Ordinalum est that none buye any thinge apperteyninge to shippe crayer or boote broken upon 
the seas and brought to be sold within ihe libertie of this courte without knowledge of the lord of this 
manor and offer first maid unto hyme, sub pena xx\' 

- As early as 1297 the average rent of a bondage holding in Seaton Delaval was 24s. 4d. in money 
and only 2s. gid. in works ; on the other hand the majority of the cottagers held by labour-service only. 
See above, p. I go. 

''Robertus Graie pro not helping in with corne, xij''. Item Cuthbertus Daglish pro defectu 
precariae, anglice a shere-daie worke, iiij''.' Ibid. 15SS. Tenants were presented at the same court 'for 
not coming to the lorde's work for the bering of stackis ' and cottagers ' for not going shear-da-ward.' 
In I5g5 'presentatur a_uod omnes cotagii de Hartlowenon dedeiunt lez bounde daye-works ; ideo quilibet 
eorum in misericordia, iiij''.' 

' 'Payne laid that none within this lordship shall refusse to spyne the flaxe or lynt belonging to the 
said lord for there payment ; pena ij' iiij''.' Ibid. 1587. 

* An agreement for the lease of a tenement in Seaton Delaval or Hartley, dated May 22nd, 1613, 
specifies the services required from the tenant, and runs as follows : It ys couvenaimtid that Thomas 
Hall shall have a horse going with his worship's hoises, a kow-gayt among his worship's kye, allowance 
of a fother of hay, a boshell of corne over and besyde his sharpninge corne, and a lone of hands to shele 


It must not be supposed that the cultivation of the demesne depended 
entirely upon tenants and cottagers. Additional labour was provided by 
a class of hired servants or hinds, who formed a contractual element 
in the manorial economy. Sir Ralph Delaval's servants at Seaton Delaval 
in 1628 included a steward, an overseer of the stock, three hinds, a shepherd, 
a cowherd, a gardener, a blacksmith, a pounder, a wood-wright, two barn- 
men, a collier, herds at Dunkin's-close, Whitridge and Lysdon, and seven 
grass-cutters, all of whom were allowed stints upon the lord's demesne.' 
Among these servants the smith deserves a passing mention. He held a 
tenement with land and meadow adjacent thereto, known as the Smiddyland.' 
In his origin he was a communal officer, and his smithy had therefore to be 
kept in repair by the tenants acting in common.' 

In the village-community the miller naturally held an important place. 
His mill might claim antiquity, figuring, as it does, in the final concord 
made before Bishop Pudsey's justiciar in 1190. Two windmills, besides 
the water-mill, were grinding corn within the manor in 1297 and again in 
131 1 ; and although in 1353 one of the windmills had gone, and the water- 
mill was waste and derelict, two water-mills were busy in the year 1519.^ 
One of them stood at the junction of Seaton Delaval and Holywell 
townships, close to the point where the railway now crosses Holywell dene.* 

his owne. And lie, the sayd Thomas Hall, ys to do as he was wont to do in all respects, viz.: to finde 
one in haye-tynie to rake haye and to fetch benttes and to cary in stackes when he ys called. His 
sharping corne to be iij stookes ottes and iij slookes of wheat at Seaton, and iij stookes of wheate and iij 
stookes of pease at Hartelye, and no other graynes at all. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

The term sharpmg-corn is explained by another lease in the same depository, dated 1700, whereby 
Sir Francis Blake of Ford leased to Edward Tod a smith's shop in Cornhill 'together with all and 
singular the corn commonly called the laying corne and sharping corne, and all other stookes of corne 
formerly in and accustomed to be paid to the smith for laying and sharpning of irons and other imple- 
ments of husbandry for the farms in the east field, south field, and low field of Cornehill aforesaid.' Ihid. 

' Thoirias Delaval's book. The court rolls for 1587 contain a ' payne laid that yf any hinde, hirde or 
other servant of the loid of this manor, haveing grassinge of cattail within his demeane, to paie for 
over-stynte as well of yonge cattail as old, vj" viij'', and to remove the said over-stint presentlie upon 
chalenge : and for lacke of stynt of nowte not to kepe shepe, and for lacke of shepe not to kepe anye 
nowte, upon the same paine.' 

- hit], p.m. second series, vol. .\x.\iv. No. 48. 

' The said tennants of Seaton Delaval shall repaire and amend the smyth-howse and shope before 
Martynmas next, and that the smyth shall uphold and maynteyn the same in sufficient reparacion in all 
places, except the grete tymbre, vvhereunto the lord doth promysse to geve a syle for this tyme. Seaton 
Delaval Court Rolls, 1581. 

' Iiiq. p.m. second series, vol. xxxiv. No. 48. 

■^ The mill is located by a presentment made at the manor court in 1601 : 'Item presentant quod 
tenentes de Hallowell debent facere et manutenere fossatum apud Black-hill inter terras de Hartlawe et 
Hallowell jacens, etc. Item presentant et dicunt quod they finde by twoo sufficient witnesses that the 
waie to the water-mylne of Seton Delavale dothe lye upon the west side of the foresaid dicke, and 
ihroughe the groundes of Hallowell to the Black-hill, and so to the said water-niylne.' See also above, 
p. 96, note 2. 


Sir Ralph Delaval, according to his son's testimony, ' new built both Seaton 
windmill and water-milne.' ' The new water-mill probably stood lower 
down the dene, near Golden's Hole, and the windmill on the bank above 
it known as Silver Hill ; but, in the eighteenth century, these were in their 
turn superseded by the existing mill." An entry made on the court roll 
for 1564 briefly summarises the mutual obligations of miller and tenant : 
' Yt ys concordid and agreed between the tenants within the jurisdiction of 
this court and the mylner that the seid inhabitants of Seaton and Halywell 
shall grynd at the lord's mylnes all such corne as they shall growe and 
occupie within the seid townes, under peyne of every tenant so offendyng 
vj' viij** ; and that the mvlner shall yelde to them in flower for every 
straked measuer up-heaped and meate ; and if he, oppon dewe prove, refuse 
it or recompence not accordyngly, then he to incurre the lyek peyne.' 
The corn, after being ground into flour at the lord's mill, was taken to the 
common bake-house, where the lord's officer took dues. 

Right to hold assize of ale was accorded to Robert Delaval, in 
the Quo Warranto proceedings of 1293, as his by immemorial custom.' 
Ale-tasters were appointed and brewers were licensed at each successive 
court.'' In 1583 'it is ordered and sett downe that no brewer within Hartley 
and Seaton Delaval shall sell any drynk with any other measure then ys 
marked by the ayle cunners for the tyme being, sub pena to paie presentlie 
when any such fait shal be, for every tyme xij''.' Brewing with other 
malt than that bought from the lord of the manor, tippling drink bought 
in another township, and refusal to supply customers were equally off'ences 
against the assize. 

As in the case of urban guilds, so here, in a purely agrarian settlement, 
community of interest led to social union and fellowship. 

' Thomas Delaval's book. On M.ay 3rd, 1628, Sir Ralph Delaval granted a lease of his windmill 
and water-mill in Seaton Delaval, the messuage in Hartley belonging to the said mills, the parcel of 
the rough close in Seaton Delaval adjoining to the windmill and called the Miller's close, and common 
of pasture for a horse, four kine, and two calves depasturing on Seaton Delaval South Moor. Marquis 
of Waterford's MSS. 

■-'To be let, a water- and wind-mill at Golden's Hole in Holywell dene.' Newcastle Journal, 
November 17th, 1744 ; ex inf. Mr. W. W. Tomlinson. 

^ Placita de Quo Warranto, Record Com. p. 589. 

* Brew-farm, or duty paid for licence to brew, was raised in 15S3 from 2s. 6d. to 3s. 4d. 
'Memorandum that yt ys ordered and set downe by the right worshipful! .Mr. Roberle Delavale esquire, 
dominus hujus manerii, that every ayle-brewer or beare-breuer within this lordship of Seaton Delavale 
and Hartley and Hallywell shall paie yerelie to hyme and his heires for brewe-ferme and licenze to brewe, 
iij" iiij'', and this to begyne at the next court.' Seaton Delaval Court Rolls. 


1587. Payne that everye temnte within thii lordship shall send able and sufficient servants, so often 
as they shall be warned, for the caringeof crepells and impotent persones, uppon payne iiij'' for every defalt. 

1592. Ordinatum est that every of th' inhabitants within Seton Delavale and Hartlowe shall either 
send or goe to the churche with every corse or dead persona upon warninge, sub pena xij''. Ordinatum est 
that every niann's wife within this lordship shall, within half ane howre after warning, presentlie repaire 
and go to every woman laboring of child, if they be thereto called and invited, sub pcna xij''. 

There were certain political duties of which the manor court had 
cognizance, notably the maintenance of watch and ward. Watch was kept 
nightly by the inhabitants of Seaton Delaval, in conjunction with those of 
Newsham and Holywell, at a place called the prior's banks.' In 1593 a 
pain was laid ' that everye tenant and cotinger shall send ane able man to 
the vvatche, sub pcna x% and that the watche shall begyne at eight of the 
clocke and contynue untill the first cocke ; and if the watcher shall be 
found defecte by the searcher, then to pay x' for every tyme that they 
shall make defalt.' The duty of providing a serviceable horse and arms 
in the king's service was enforced upon tenants under pain of forfeiture.^ 

In addition to the police regulations enforced by the bailiff and his 
four constables, the manor court had a limited civil jurisdiction, taking 
cognizance of actions for slander,^ detention of goods and debts under the 
value of forty shillings. Little, if any, business can have remained for 
the countv court to transact. 

Before leaving the subject of by-laws, it may pertinently be asked 
whence this multifarious collection of regulations derived its authority, 
whether from the lord's injunction or from the decision of the jury as 
representing the whole body of suitors. The decision may not have been 
clear in the minds of those who attended the courts, but it appears that, 
in theory at any rate, pains and penalties were imposed by the jury, subject 
to the lord's approbation,^ and remitted by the lord with the consent of 
the jury or tenants." 

' See above, p. 84. 

" Yt ys ordenid by the jure that every man frome hensforthe shall have at all and every tymes 
herafter horse and gere able to serve their master, opon payne of forfetyng their tenements. Scatoii 
Delaval Court Rolls, 1559. 

^ Payne laid that whoever shall sklander his neighbor within this mannor to paie to the lord iij* iiij"", 
to the partie greved his charges in courte, and the losse of th' action to the stewerd. Ibid. 1584. 

' Juiatores petunt quod omnes penae et precepta in ultima curia contenta et expressa stent deinceps 
in effectum pro anno futuro ; ibid. 1578. Memorandum quod omnes tenentes tarn de Seaton Delavale 
quam de Hartley et Hallywell petunt quod omnes penae ordines et precepta in hac curia modo contenta 
et expressa stent deinceps in effectum ; ibid. 1580. 

''A pain made in 1582 is entered on the rolls as remitted 'per dominum manerii cum consensu 


From the lists of tenants given at the head of each court roll, specific 
evidence is to be gathered as to the progress of enclosure in the sixteenth 
century. Twenty-four husbandry holdings occur in the medieval extents 
of the manor, but in the fifteenth century the number of tenements appears 
to have been reduced by one half, the size of the holding being propor- 
tionally increased. During the greater part of the sixteenth century the 
number remained fixed at twelve. Six tenements fell into the lord's hands 
between the years 1564 and 1579, but were given in the latter year to six 
dispossessed tenants of Hartley. No systematic policy of eviction appears 
to have been adopted until the year 1588, when one holding fell vacant. 
A second followed in 1591, a third in 1593, a fourth in 1594, four more 
in 1595, a ninth holding before 1599, and a tenth in 1601. No new grants 
were made, and consequently, at the close of Elizabeth's reign, there were 
only two tenants at will remaining in the manor. Joshua Delaval, writing 
in or about the year 1596, has left a record of this revolution in farming. 

Seaton Delavale being a lordship and ye inheritance of Robert Delavale esqr., wherof on his 
demayne ther he had 2 plowes going of auncient time ; and since or about the tenth yeare of the 
queene, ther was in Seaton Delavale towne 12 tenements, whereon ther dwelt 12 able men, sufficientlie 
furnished with horse and furniture to serve her majestie at all times when they were called upon, 
namelie John Hall, Tho. Swanne, Anthony Delavale, James Storey, Richard Mill, Edw. Pythie, Edw. 
Fiffe, John Gibbeson, Willm. Robeson, Edmond Reedhead, Tho. Beanlie, and Tho. Delavale, who 
payed 46s. 8d. rent yearlie a piece or therabouttes ; all the said tenantts and their successors saving 5 
the said Robert Delavale either thrust out of their fermolds or weried theim by taking excessive fines, 
increasing of their rentts unto £^ apiece, and withdrawing part of their best land and medow from 
their tenements, and by not permittinge theim to malt their malt corne they grew of their fermes for 
hindiing the vent or saile of their said lands' lords, by taking their good land from them and com- 
pelHng theim to vvinne morishe and heath ground, and after their hedging helh ground to ther great 
chardge, and payed a great fine, and bestowed great reparations on building on ther tenements, he 
quite thrust them of in one yeare, refusing either to repay the fine or to repay the chardge bestowed in 
diking or building as the tenants do bitterlie exclame. The said seven fermolds displaced had to every 
of them 60 acres of arable land, viz. 20 in every feild at the least, as the tenantts affirme, which 
amounteth to 480 acres of land yearlie or theraboutts, converted for the most part from tillage to 
pasture, and united to the demayne of the lordship of Seaton Delavale. So that wher ther was 12 
tenantts with sufficient horse and furniture able to serve, they are now brought to 5, namelie Geo. 
Jordan, Ed. Delavale, John Hill, Gawhin Swanne, and David Browne, who have not one serviceable 
horse emongst them all for ye causes aforesaid.' 

Eviction of the customary tenants naturally led to enclosure of the 
common fields. A survey of Seaton Delaval taken in 16 10 gives the 
size of the various enclosures. 

' Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. Joshua Delaval's state- 
ment is borne out by a comparison of the muster-roll of 1580, at which Robert Delaval appeared with 
seven tenants from Seaton Delaval, six from Hartley, and six from Holywell, with that of 1595, when 
Robert Delaval was attended only by his brother, two household servants, and three other retainers. 
Cal. Border Papers, vol. i. p. 21, and vol. ii. p. yy. 

Vol IX. 2(> 


The Iitne Growndes : Blackehouse close, 54 acres ; Northland-dales close, 60 acres ; Berridge and 
the flattes, 92 acres; lowe meadowes, 15 acres; Fetterslawe, 35 acres; north feylde next ye towne, 
54 acres ; oxe-pesture to ye sward, 66 acres ; Smawden shethe in that feyld, 1 1 acres ; easte yardes, 27 
acres ; weather closes, 15 acres ; milne-feld northe ye rigg, 37 acres ; milne-feld south ye rigg, 
47 acres; Swallow-deane close, 42 acres; Brearye-havers feld, 113 acres; Lawhyll feld, 119 acres; 
Bradhewoorthe, 18 acres; Lumpart-well feld, 87 acres; Cokeflatt and Swan's feld, 63 acres; Hill's 
tylladge closes, 34 acres ; the churche-feld, 33 acres ; Laye-flatt, 23 acres ; myll-hill feld, 52 acres ; the 
two rough closes and Duking close, 43 acres; Marle-deane bankes, 13 acres; South moore with the 
wood, and along the burne to the mouth of Swallo-deane, 360 acres. Total, 1,513 acres. 

The. Out Growndes : Lysden and the Brocks, 135 acres ; Whitryage inne-grownd, 223 acres ; Whitry- 
age moore to Rashpoole, 496 acres ; Seaton Delavale moore, 260 acres. Total, 1,114 acres.' 

Conversion of tillage into pasture, consequent upon eviction and 
enclosure, followed as a third stage in the agrarian revolution. Sheep- 
farming and cattle-grazing assumed predominance. This is apparent from 
an account of the stock kept by Sir Ralph Delaval in the lordships of 
Seaton, Hartley, and Horton, at the time of his death in 1628, as set 
out by his son, Thomas Delaval. 

Cattle : All the tillage he kept was three ploughs at Seaton and three at Hartley, and sometimes an 
odd draught at either place over, so as he had in all of draught oxen 81. Slots, which served to supply 
his draughts, that came of his own breed of cattle, 118. Kyne, with which his lady kept for the most 
part a dairy at Lysdon, another at Horton, a third at Seaton, 147. Young whies which served to supply 
the stock of these dairies as they failed, 98. Young breed, as stirks and calves, 63. Bulls for breeding, 5. 

Sheep : The stock of sheep which usually he did keep on these grounds was 1,200 or 1,300, but, a 
year before he died, they rotted and decayed, so as there was left but 861. 

Horses : The number of horses that he kept was not many, for he bred none for sale, but for his own 
use ; 37. 

Swine: The store of swine he kept was very small, and them altogether at Hartley for his house 
use ; 25. 

It is unnecessary to trace the subsequent management of the estate, 
sufficient having been said to show the workings of a northern manor 
upon the eve of that great change which converted the customary tenant 
into a leasehold farmer and crushed out of existence the medieval village- 


The township of Newsham and South Blyth e.xtends along the coast 
from Meggie's burn northward to the Blyth, and along the right bank of 
the Blyth from the sea to a point immediately above the graving docks. 
Thence the boundary follows the course of an ancient inlet or gut, now 
filled in, passing up Union Street in the direction of the Mill pit, until it 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


reaches the old line of Plessey wagonway, which bounds the township 
to the north-west and divides it from Cowpen. Midway between the 
modern hamlets of Newsham and New Delaval, the boundary turns sharply 
to the south and proceeds in a straight line to the source of Meggie's 
burn at the north-west corner of Seaton Delaval township. On this side 
Newsham marches with the township of Horton. The whole area thus 
enclosed contains 1,366 acres, of which six are inland water and 102 

The name of Newsham is now borne by a pit village in Cowpen town- 
ship, outside the limits of the district under consideration, but was originally 
given to South Newsham, a hamlet situated on the road that turns inland 
from Link-house. A considerable portion of the town of Blyth lies within 
the township and contributes largely to its population, which numbered 
5,472 at the last census ; ' but, as the seaport has little in common with 
the agricultural district to the south of it, it is convenient to deal with 
each separately, and to treat of Blyth at the close of this volume, in 
conjunction with Cowpen. 

In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries Newsham was a hamlet in the 
manor of Seaton Delaval, and consequently formed part of the Delaval 
barony. The earliest known tenant of Newsham was a certain William 
de Neusum, donor of three acres in that place to Brinkburn priory. - 
William de Neusum died without issue, leaving a brother, Geoffrey de 
Neusum, who succeeded him, and a widow, Mary, in enjoyment of dower 
which she surrendered on September 17th, 1202, to Gilbert Delaval in 
return for an annuity of twenty shillings.^ Like his brother, Geoffrey de 
Neusum gave three acres in Newsham to Brinkburn priory,^ besides granting 
a carucate of land in that place to the hospital of St. Mary the Virgin, 

' The census returns for the township are as follows : 1801,1,170; 1811,1,522; 1821,1,805; 1S31, 
1,769; 1841,1,921; 1851,2,584; 1861,2,901; 1871,2,918; 1881,2,831; 1891,3,728; 1901,5,472. 

- Brinkburn Chartulary, Surt. Soc. No. go, p. 186 ; Rotuli Chartarmn, Record Com. p. 88. 

' Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Novum Castrum die martis proxima 
post festum exaltacionis sancte crucis anno regni regis Johannis quarto, etc., inter Mariam que fuit u.vor 
Willelmi, petentem, et Gilbertum de ValF, tenenteni, de racionabili dote sua que eam contigit de libero 
teneinento quod fuit Willehni quondam viri sui in Nehusum, unde placitum fuit inter eos in prefata curia, 
scilicet quod predicta Maria remisit et quietum clamavit totum jus et clamium quod habuit in predicto 
tenemento Gilberto de Vail' et heredibus suis in perpetuum ; ita quod predictus Gilbertus et heredes sui 
dabunt predicte Marie annuatim xx"' solidos de (irma tola vita sua, scilicet x solidos ad pentecostem et 
X solidos ad festum sancti Cuthberti in mense Septembris. Et pro hac quieta clamacione, fine et 
concordia, predictus Gilbertus dedit eidem Marie xl solidos et j robam de burnett et iiij quarteria 
frumenti. Feet of Fines, John, No. 14, from the duke of Northumberland's transcripts. 

* Brinkburn Cliartulary, p. 1S6 ; Rotuli Chartarum, p. 88. 


in Westgate, Newcastle.' His son, Adam de Neusum, impleaded Gilbert 
Delaval in the king's court in 1207 for four carucates \n Newsham which 
William, the plaintiff's uncle, had leased to the defendant for a term of 
years then expired. The whole township contained six carucates. One 
carucate, as already mentioned, had been granted to the hospital of St. 
Mary, while another was in the undisputed possession of Adam de Neusum 
at the time of the suit. 

By the terms of the agreement made between the disputants, bearing 
date November 23rd, 1208, the four carucates were equally divided between 
plaintiff and defendant. The manor-house, the salt-pan of ' Snoc ' and 
the fishery of ' Blume ' were, however, taken out of the division and 
assigned to Gilbert Delaval, land of corresponding value being given to 
Adam de Neusum. The fifth carucate, formerly held by Adam, was 
similarly divided, but the patronage of the hospital land was suffered to 
remain with the descendants of the donor. Thus the result of the division 
was to give two and a half carucates to Gilbert Delaval and two and a 
half carucates, with the services of the remaining carucate, to Adam de 
Neusum. For these three carucates and a half Adam agreed to render 
the service pertaining to the sixth part of a knight's fee. Delaval's claim 
to the serfs settled upon the land now surrendered by him to Adam, as well 
as to the crops growing there at the time of surrender, was recognised. 
Equivalent rights of common were assigned to Gilbert Delaval's men in 
Newsham and to Adam's men in Seaton. Certain lands in Callerton, then 
held in dower by Alice, mother of the said Adam, were granted in rever- 
sion to Delaval. Finally, by a clause which may be taken to prove the 
consanguinity of the two parties, Adam quit-claimed all right to the Delaval 
lands of Seaton, Callerton and Dissington. Delaval paid forty marks to 
Adam, and twenty marks to the king for licence to agree.^ 

' See the fine quoted below. Adam de Neusum confirmed his father's grant in the following terms : 
' Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego, Adam de Neusum, concessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Deo et beate Marie et fratribus hospitalis sancte Marie de Novo Castro in Westgate totam terram 
quam ipsi tenent in villa de Neusum, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, in liberam puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Et sciendum quod ego remisi eis et quietum clamavi redditum tredecim denariorum quos 
ipsi solebant reddere mihi annuatim pro firma predicte terre, pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee Eve 
et antecessorum et heredum meorum. Hiis testibus, Waltero Grafard, Ricardo de Hereford, Willelmo 
de Stikelawe, Johanne Maudut, Rogero de Haliwell, Simone de Walteden, Petro Scotto, et multis aliis.' 
Arch. Ael. 2nd series, vol. xv. p. 202, from the hospital muniments. This land was still held by the 
hospital in 1 547. Brand, Newcastle, vol. i. p. 79. 

- Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia regis apud Novum Castrum super Tinam dominica proxima 
post festum sancti Edmundi anno regni regis Johannis decimo, etc., inter Adam filium Gaufridi petentem 
et Gillebertum de la Val tenentem, de iiij' carrucatis terre cum pertinentiis in Newesum, unde placitum 


The estate confirmed to Adam, son of Geoffrey, in 1 208 was held 
circa 1240 by his brother, Richard de Neusuni, for the service above named,' 
and afterwards came to heiresses, Dionisia, wife of Fulk de Tibenhani, and 
Isabella, wife of Roger Mauduit, who were also coheirs of Tritlington in 
the chapelry of Hebburn, near Morpeth.' These persons were summoned 
before the justices of assize in 1256 to give warranty to John de Lexington, 
one of the king's justices in evre, for two carucates of land and twenty- 
four shillings rent in Newshani ; upon which occasion the two ladies 
refused to ratify the gift made by their husbands, alleging that the premises 
were of their private inheritance.' It is probable, however, that their 
moiety of Newsham passed to the Uelavals before the close of the thirteenth 

fuit inter eos in curia doniini regis coram ipso domino rage, at de quinta carrucata terra cum pertinentiis 
in eadem villa, unde pater ipsius Adae obiit seisitus ; scilicet quod idem Adam recognovit at concessit 
pradictas iiij'" carrucatas terre cum pertinentiis in Newesum et pradictam quintam cairucatam terra in 
eadem villa cum omnibus pertinentiis suis esse jus ipsius Gilberti. Et pro hac recogniciona et fine et 
Concordia idem Gillebertus dedit et concessit predicto Adae de eadem terra subscriptas particulas, 
scilicet unum mesuagium quod ast oppositum capital! mesuagio quod ramanat ipsi Gilleberto at heredibus 
suis, et inedietatam tocius culture versus occidenlem que est inter Blakeden et Schuleburn, et mediatatem 
tocius culture versus occidentem sicut jacat de Sculeburn usque ad campum de Horton et usque ad 
campum de Copum, et quater xx'' et viij acras et unam rodam terra in una cultura sicut jacat ex occidentali 
parte masuagii ipsius Adae usque ad campum de Copum, et medietatem tocius cultura vei'sus occidantem 
qua vocatur Hicclawes, et medietatem tocius cultura versus occidentem que appellatur Lingefiel, que est 
ex oriental! parte de Nawasum et in aquilonar! parte da Sculeburn usque ad wastellum de Hicclawes, et 
medietatem tocius culture versus occidentem que est inter Sculeburn et Ricardeschester, at medietatem 
culture versus occidentem in Seforlang, at medietatem culture versus occidantem in Salterfurlang, que 
jacet juxta campum de Copum, et mediatatem culture tocius versus occidantem in Snoc da Bliemue, et 
medietatem cultura versus occidentem in Middelflat, que jacet inter Sculeburn et Maltefurlang, t|ue durat 
ad quandam culturam ipsius Gillebert! quam habat da quatar xx" at viij acris et j roda terre, et medie- 
tatem cultura versus occidentem in Maltesfurlang qua durat uscjue ad dictam culturam Gilleberti de 
quater xx" et viij acris et j roda terre, at medietatem tocius cultura versus occidentem in Blakeburnefur- 
lang que durat usque ad predictam culturam Gilleberti de quater xx" at viij acris et j roda terre, et 
medietatem tocius culture versus occidantem que jacet ax occidentali parte domus hospitalis sancte Marie 
de Novo Castello et ex aquilonari parte de Sculeburn, et medietatem illius prati versus occidantem quod 
est juxta mare, at medietatem prati de Blakeburn versus occidantem, et toftum quod fuit WiUelmi 

Binw [at] toftum quod fuit Dolfin, et toftum quod fuit Rogari, et toftum quod fuit Hugonis Bigun, et 

preteraa dimidiam unius carrucata terra cum pertinentiis in eadem villa quam Gaufridus, pater ipsius 
Adae, dadit in elemosinam fratribus hospitalis de Novo Castello ; ita quod ipsi eam de aodam Ada 
teneant de cetero in elemosinam sicut ipsi facarunt da ip)SO Gilleberto ; habenda et tenenda eidem Adae 
et heredibus suis de ipso Gilleberto et heredibus suis in perpetuum per servicium quod partinat ad iij 
carrucatas terre at dimidiam, unde vj carrucate terra faciunt terciam partem feodi unius militis, pro omni 
servicio, Et pro hac donacione et concessione idem Adam remisit et quietum clamavit de se et 
heredibus suis predicto Gilleberto et heredibus suis totum jus et clamium quod habuit in tota terra quam 
idem C.illebertus tenuit in Seton et in Cawarton et in Dicinton, retanto tantum hoc quod homines ipsius 
Adae da Newesuin communicabunt in pastura de Saton ubicumque homines ipsius Gilleberti de Newesum 
in ea communicare potarunt, et salva Alicia matri Adae predict! tota vita sua terra quam tanat in dote in 
Chawarton, que post decessum ipsius Alicie revertetur ad ipsum Gillebartum et ad heredes suos quieta 
de ipso Ada et heredibus suis in perpetuum. Et preterea idem (lillebertus dedit eidem Adae quadraginta 
marcas argent!. Fett uf Fines, John, No. 32, from the duka of Northumberland's transcripts. Another 
record of the agreement, differing in some particulars, occurs in Curia Regis Roll, No. 45, and is printed 
in Abbyevtcitio Placitonim, Record Com. p. 59. 

' Testa de Nevill, Record Com. pp. 3S3, 390. ' See vol. vii. of this work, p. 339. 

■' Three Nortkunibrian Assize RuUs, Surt. Soc. No. 88, p. 49. 


Nicholas de Nehsum, donor to Brinkburn priory. 

. ! I 

William de Neusum, donor := Mary, living 17th Geoffrey de Neusum, donor to hospital of St. = Alice, living 23rd 
to Brinkburn priory, September, 1 202. Mary, Westgate, and to Brinkburn priory. [ November, 1208. 

I \ 

Adam de Neusum, party to Eve, living 1236 Richard de Neusum, 'filius Galfridi de Neusum ' (IVa/w/o^-rf 

agreement, 23rd November, (Curia Jfegis Rolls, C/iarlers, No. 69), held lands in Newsham circa 1240 

1208; living 1236. No. 116). (7'esla de Nevill). 

Gilbert Delaval, like Adam de Neusum, was a donor to Brinkburn 
priory, giving to that monastery the multure of twelve acres in Newsham.^ 
The two carucates assigned to him in 1208 came by grant to his younger 
son, Sir Henry Delaval, who held them, circa 1240, by the rent of half a mark.^ 
Sir Henry Delaval eventually succeeded to his father's barony and gave his 
moiety of Newsham to his own younger son. Sir Hugh Delaval.^ In 1297 
Sir Hugh Delaval was paying seven pence yearly rent for Newsham, and ap- 
parently at that time held the whole manor, except the tenement belonging 
to the hospital of St. Mary, which remained charged with the annual pay- 
ment of half a mark.'' The two principal residents in Newsham entered on 
the subsidy roll of 1296 were Sir Hugh Delaval and William of St. Mary of 
Westgate, whose name shows his connection with the hospital in Newcastle. 

Neusome Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

£ s. d. s. d. 

Sumnia bonorum domini Hugonis de la Vale... 6 i 4 unde regi 11 o\ 

„ Wilielmi de sancta Maria 

dil VVestgat 8 18 4 „ 16 2J 

„ Christiane Ravin* o 11 o „ 10 

Sunima hujus ville, £\^ los. 8d. ; unde domino regi, ^i 8s. .^d." 

Neusom Subsidy Roll, 1312." 

£ s. d. s. d. 

Summa bonorum domini Hugonis de la Vale II 64 unde regi 22 yl 

„ Robert! filii Nicholai ... 140 „ 2 4I 

„ Johannis Coci ... ... o 11 2 „ I li 

„ Christiane Rawyn ... ... 1156 „ 3 6i 

„ RanuLphi Lounes ... ... o 11 o „ ' 'i 

„ Henrici de Hedley o 13 8 „ i 4i 

„ Robert! Porter o 18 5 „ i 10 

„ Roger! Attorn ... ... o 18 4 „ i 10 

„ Radulph! Lithil ... ... o 10 8 „ i o| 

Summa summarum particularum, /18 9s. id. ; unde regi, ^l i6s. i id. 

' Brinkburn Chartulary, p. 186 ; Rotuli Chartarum, p. 88. - Testa de Nevill, p. 387. 

' Rotnli Hundredorum, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 23. ■* Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I. No. 47. 

' In 1256 Richard Raven was convicted of stealing twelve sheaves out of a stook of corn. His 
father, John Raven of Newsham, who had received the stolen property, fled, and his chattells, valued at 
£2 17s. 3d., were seized by John de Lexington as lord of the manor. Three Ncrthiimbrian Assize Rolls, 
Surt. Soc. No. 88, p. loi. s j,,y Subsidy RoU, if a. 

' Ibid. ij-. The following names occur in the roll for 1336 : Neusom. Johannes de Copon, 2s. 3|d. ; 
Robertus Attorn, is. 2d. ; Robertus Raven, 2s. : summa, 5s. 5id. Ibid. J-fa. 


Sir Robert Delaval, son and heir of Sir Hugh Delaval, succeeded 
to the barony in 131 1, thus re-uniting Newsham with Seaton Delaval. 
Walter Delaval, who may have been a younger brother, held of him a 
messuage and a tenement of eighty acres in Newsham, and died leaving a 
son, Robert Delaval. This Robert Delaval forfeited his holding in 1346, 
for treacherously conniving at the escape, from Bothal, of the earl of 
Wigton, one of the Scottish prisoners taken at Neville's Cross.' The 
forfeited land was estimated to be worth yearly £1 6s. 8d. 

Following the family custom. Sir Robert Delaval the elder granted 
Newsham to his second son. Sir Robert Delaval, junior. As will be 
seen later, the grant was probably made in tail male, with remainder in 
tail male to the third son of the donor. Sir Robert Delaval, junior, was 
fined in 1359 for having acquired the manor without the king's licence, its 
yearly value being then given as £'^ 6s. 8d.- On September 30th, 1383, 
he was a party to the marriage settlement of his son, John Delaval, upon 
whom he settled Newsham in tail, reserving to himself a life annuity of 
ten pounds.^ Again the absence of the royal licence necessitated an official 
enquiry. On October loth, 1386, the jurors returned answer that the 
annual value of the premises had, at the time of the grant, been twelve 
pounds, but had since been diminished by a Scottish foray, and, at the 
date of the enquiry, did not amount to more than the stipulated rent.* 

John Delaval and Margaret his wife, the beneficiaries under the 
settlement of 1383, had an only child, Elizabeth, whom they gave in 

' Chronicon dc Lanercost, Bannatyne Club, p. 351 ; Cat. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. iii. p. 276 ; Iiiq. cut quod 
damnum, 24 Edw. III. No. 24 (old numeration). The escheat was granted on September 26th, 1347 
(Cat. Pat. Rotts, 1345- 1348, p. 430), to Peter de Brugge, king's yeoman, by whom it was surrendered to 
the Crown on March 23rd. 1335; Cat. Close Rotls, 1354-1360, p. 188. Granted for life on December 14th, 
1386, to John Creswell (Cat. Pat. Rotts, 1385-13S9, p. 2S7), it was not resumed on Creswell's death in 
1433, but remained concealed land until January 23rd, 1455, when it was again taken into the king's 
hand. Sheriffs Seizures, P.R.O. 34 Hen. VI. m. O. Its subsequent history cannot be traced. 

Inq. ad quod damnum, file cccxx.xi. No. 6. 

' Presens carta indentata facta apud Newsome, die mercurii in crastino sancti Michaelis archangel! 
a. r. r. Ricardi secundi, etc., septimo, testatur quod Robertus de la Vale chr. dedit, etc., Johanni filio suo 
et Margarete filie Johannis de Mitforth omnia terras et tenementa sua in Newsome cum omnibus suis 
pertinenciis tarn in dominico quam in servicio una cum serviciis liberorum tenentium et nativorum cum 
eorum sectis et sequelis, etc., habenda et tenenda prefatis Johanni filio suo et .Margarete et heredibus de 
corporibus eorundem legitnne procreatis, etc., reddendo annuatim prefato Roberto ad totam vitam suam, 
etc., decem libras, etc. Et si contingat predictum redditum, etc., aretro existere non solutum, etc., quod 
tunc bene liceat predicto Roberto in predictis terris et tenementis cum pertinenciis, exceptis quadam 
placea vocata le Snoke et uno tenemento cum quinquaginta tribus acris teire in tenura Johannis Boy 
intrare, etc. Apud Newsome, etc. Hiis testibus, Henrico de la \'ale, Willelmo de la Vale, Bartramo 
Monboucher, militibus, Ricardo de Cramlyngton, Allexandro de Cressewell et aliis. Watcrfvrd Charters, 
No. 6. 

' Inq. p.m. 10 Ric. II. No. 117 ; Cat. Put. Rotts, 1385-13S9, p. 239. 


marriage to John Horsley of Horsley in the parish of Ovingham. The 
articles of agreement made before that marriage bear date September 28th, 
1423, and have been set out at length in the account of Seaton Delaval.' 
In pursuance of the conditions therein contained, John and Margaret 
Delaval made over the estate of Nevvsham and Blythsnook to trustees to 
the use of John Horsley and of Elizabeth Delaval and of their heirs in 
tail. i\fter receiving seisin, Horsley and his wife in their turn 'granted a 
lease of the manor (with reservation of Blythsnook and the fishery there) 
to John and Margaret Delaval for life. John Delaval died on December 
26th, 1455, having survived his first wife." John Horsley and Elizabeth 
his wife being then both dead, their eldest son, James Horsley alias 
Delaval, came into possession of the manor of which he had been the 
legal owner since the death of his parents. 

A settlement made in 1446 had placed James Horsley in the line of 
succession to Seaton Delaval and the other estates then held by his 
kinswoman, Dame Elizabeth Burcester, to whom he stood heir presumptive. 
As has been previously stated, in the account of Seaton Delaval, certain 
controversies subsequently arose between James Horsley and the Burcesters, 
resulting in fresh dispositions made in favour of Marquis Montague to the 
disinheriting of Horsley." In or about the vear 1461, Sir John Burcester 
and Elizabeth his wife petitioned the Chancellor for a writ of sub poena 
to be addressed to Robert Mitford for the production of a deed of entail 
of Newsham manor which had been entrusted to Mitford by Agnes, 
widow of John Delaval. This deed purported to be an entail made by 
Sir Robert Delaval the elder in favour of his son. Sir Robert Delaval 
the younger, and his heirs in tail male, with remainder to Sir William 
Delaval, junior, third son of the grantor, and to his heirs in tail male, 
and with ultimate remainder to the grantor and to his right heirs. The 
issue both of Sir Robert Delaval, junior, and of Sir William Delaval, junior, 
having failed in the male line, Dame Elizabeth Burcester now laid claim 
to Newsham as heir general of Sir Robert Delaval the elder.^ 

' See above, pp. 148-149. -' Inq. p.m. 34 Hen. VI. No. 27. ^ See above, pp. 150-151. 

' To the right reverent fadre in God, George bysshop of E[x]cestre and chaunceller of England. 
Besechith your most honorable lordshyp your poor oratour John Burcestre|^knyght and Elizabeth his 
wytif cosyn and heir of Robert Delavall (that is to say doghtre to William son to William son to Alice 
doghtre to William son to the seid Robert), that wheras one Agnes, sumtym wyf of one John Delavale 
of Newsam, was possessed of a dede emonges othre evidencez wherby that the seid Robert gaffe the 
manor of Newsam with appurtenaunces in the shire of Northumbr unto Robert his son and to the 


Accordingly, on December I2tli, 1461, ii writ was directed from 
Chancery for a certificate to be made in the case. An inquisition was 
held at Newcastle on February 14th following, wherein the statements 
made by plaintiffs were found to be true.' If the verdict of the jury is 
to be admitted as correct, the settlements made in 1383 and 1423 were 
void,'' for the former entail does not appear to have been barred by fine. 
However, Elizabeth Burcester's death without issue in 1469 made further 
dispute nugatory, and left Horsley undoubted heir at law. 

The jurors in 1461 found the manor to contain a hundred acres of 
arable, twenty acres of meadow, and sixty acres of pasture, worth respec- 
tively two pence, four pence and a penny per acre yearly. A place 
called Blythsnook was returned as containing twenty acres of arable, 
valued at two pence an acre per annum. They further returned answer 
that a certain John Widdrington had entered into the manor immediately 
after the death of John Delaval, and continued to receive the profits.' 
Widdrington derived his title from James Horsley, from whom he received 
a release of all claims to Newsham and Blythsnook by deed dated 
April 6th, 1463.* 

The appearance of a third claimant still further complicated the suc- 
cession. John Delaval had, in his lifetime, granted Newsham to George 
Cramlington, to whose son and heir, John Cramlington, he quit-claimed in 

heirez males of liis body begotyn, and, for defaute of such issue, the remaindre tharof to William 
Delavale, son of the seid' Robert the fadre, and to the heirez males of his body comyng, and for defaute 
of such issue the seid manor with appurtenauncez to reverte to the seid Robert the fadre and his 
heirez; the which Robert the son and William ar ded without issue male of there bodyes comyng; 
and the seid Agnes so possessed [of t]he seid dede amonges othre evidence gaft' then to one Robert 
Mitford uppon trust to the use and behofe of the seid Robert the fadre and his heirez ; the wych 
John Burcestre and Elizabeth cosyn and heir to the seid Robert the fadre hath required the seid Robert 
Mitford to deliver unto them the seid dede and he that to doo hath utterly refusid: wherefore please 
it your good lordshyp to graunte a wryte of sub pcna to be directed unto the seid Robert Mitford 
comaundyng hym be the same to appere afore the kyng in his chauncerie at a certein daye by yowe to 
be limited to answer unto the premissez and to reule hym tharin as reason and conscience requn-eth. 
And your seid oratours shall contenualli praye to God for yowe. Plegii de prosequendo : Willelmus 
Andrewe de Suthwark in comitatu .Surr' yoman. Roberlus Whitwell de Suthwark in comitatu Surr' 
gentilman. Early Chancery Proceedings, bundle 29, No. 341. 

' Inq.p.m. I Edw. IV. No. 14. 

- It is noticeable that, although the settlement of 1383 is shown by the original deed to have been 
made in tail, the royal confirmation of that settlement limited the succession to heirs in tail male. 
Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1385-1389, p. 239. 

' Inq.p.m. I Edw. IV. No. 14. 

' Noverint universi per presentes me, Jacobum de le Vale, consanguineum et heredem Johannis 
de le Val, nuper de Newsum, remisisse, etc., Johanni Woderington totum jus, etc., in maneno de 
Newsum, necnon de et in villis, terris et tenementis de Newsum et Blithesnoke. Datum sexto die 
Aprilis, anno regni regis Edwardi quarti tercio. Marquis of Waterford's M.SS. On the same day 
Delaval appointed Edward Weddalle to give seisin. Waterford Charters, No. 27. 

Vol. IX. 27 


1453/4.^ John Cramlington died without issue, leaving as heir his brother, 
Thomas Cramlington, who disseised John Widdrington and entered upon the 
manor. Between the years 1474 and 1480 Thomas Cramlington received 

A certificate to testifie that Creorge Cramlington died seised of the manner of Newsam, and that 
after his death yt descended to John Cramhngton his sonne, whoe like manner died seised thereof; 
after whose death the said manner descended to Thomas his brother as his heire, whoe thereof died 
seised ; and that James Delavale was never seised of that manner ; which is testified under the handes 
and scales of Roger Heron, John Lilborne the elder, John Lilborne the younger, then sheriffe of the 
countie of Northumberland, and others." 

It is difficult to see how the Cramlingtons could have acquired 
anything beyond a prescriptive right, since John Delaval of Newsham 
was admittedly tenant in tail and had therefore no power to convey the 
fee simple. James Horsley never succeeded in enforcing his claim, but 
his son, John Delaval, effected a re-entry, and thereupon, on April 28th, 
1500, granted his lands at Horslev in Ovinghani and at Dukesfield in 
Slaley to Robert Widdrington, heir and representative of the above- 
mentioned John Widdrington, in exchange for Newsham.' In his turn 
John Delaval was dispossessed by Thomas Cramlington ; although he may 
possibly have retained possession of Blythsnook, since the inquisition taken 
after his death found him to have held twelve cottages or 'lodges' at that 
place, worth yearly two pence each, of three hundred acres of arable and 
two hundred acres of meadow in the same place, and of a waste tenement 
in Newsham.^ 

In 1536 the case was revived. Thomas Cramlington II., grandson of 
the above-mentioned Thomas Cramlington I., and Sir John Delaval, son 
of John Delaval, agreed to submit their respective titles to the manor of 
Newsham to the arbitrament of Sir Thomas Percy, Sir Thomas Hilton 
and Sir William Ogle, knights ; Cuthbert Ogle, clerk ; and Robert 
Collingwood of Eslington and Lionel Grey of Weetwood, esquires. Bonds 
to stand by the award of the arbitrators were signed on November 20th, 
1536.'' Sir John Delaval's statement of his case runs as follows: 

' Noveritis me, prefatum Johannem, remisisse, relaxasse, etc., Johanni, filio et heredi Georgii 
Cramlington, heredibus et assignatis suis, totum jus quod habui in territorio de Newsam in comitatu 
Northumbrie, quod quidem jus prefatus Georgius habuit ex done et feoffamento meo ; anno 32 Henrici 
sexti. St. George's Visitation, 161 S- -Ibid. 

' Waterjord Charters, No. 74, contains the grant of Dukesfield and Horsley. That these lands were 
given in exchange for Newsham may be inferred from .Sir John Delaval's statement of title printed 
above in the text, but the corresponding grant of Newsham made by Widdrington to Delaval is no 
longer extant. 

* Inq. p.m. 2nd series, vol. xxxiv. No. 53. ' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 


Memoianduni lliat one John Dclavale and Margrct his wytT war scascd of tlie manor of Newsham 
in tayll, and, so seased, upon covenants of marriage had betwyxt Elizabeth doiighter of ye said John 
Dehavale and John Horsley, enfelTed Jolin Mitford, Wilham Mitford and Jerred Mitford in fee, and they, 
beyng so seised, mad estat therof to the said John Horsley and Elizabeth in tayll, hi force wherof they 
were seased in fee tayll according to the covenants of the said marriage ; and afterward, accordinge to the 
said covenants, the said John and Elizabeth mad a leese of the said manor to the said John Delavalle 
and Margret for terme of ther lyves, bi force wherof they were seased accordingly, the revercion 
therof belonginge to the said John Horsley and Elizabeth and to ther heirs. And afterward the said 
John Horsley and Elizabeth had issue one James Horsley and died, the said John Delavale the fader of 
Elizabeth then levynge ; and afterward the said John Delavale died, after whos death the said manor 
discended to the said James, bi force wherof he was seased in fee, and, so beinge seased, enfeffed one 
Robert Wodrington in fee upon bargaine mad betwyxt them, bi force wherof he was seased, and, so 
seased, one Thomas Cramlyngton hym disseased, upon whom the said Robert entred, and afterward 
eschange was had betwyxt the said Robert and John Delavale fader to the said Sir John, bi force wherof 
as well the said Robert as the said John entred into the land so eschanged, of wich lands the heirs of 
Wodrington er yet seased ; and the said John Delavale, so beynge seased of the said manor, was 
disseased by the said Thomas Cramlyngton, and the said John Delavall died, and the said Thomas 
Cramlyngton, so beynge in by disseason, died seased, the said John Delavalle then beynge within age.' 

The terms of the award have not survived, but it is known to have 
been in favour of Thomas Cramhngton, and on July 20th, 1537, Sir John 
Delaval signed a deed by which he released to Crainlington all claims to 
the manor of Newsham, and so terminated a dispute of eighty years' 

In 1550 Thomas Cramlington II. died in peaceable possession of 
Newsham. A soldier by profession, he had served in the Scottish wars in 
1523, and had been retained in fee with the warden of the marches.^ On 
June 20th, 155 1, his son and heir, George Cramlington, likewise deceased, 
having devised to Phillis Cramlington, his wife, all the lands of which he 
had the disposal, namely, two-thirds of the whole manor. One-third of 
Newsham was then in the occupation of the testator's mother, Agnes 
Cramlington, who enjoyed it until her death in 1558, while his younger 
brother, Lamwell Cramlington, had a life-estate in Blythsnook under the 
will of Thomas Cramlington II.' Both these properties reverted in due 
course to Thomas Cramlington III., son and heir of George Cramlington, 

' Marquis of Waterford's MS.S. 

- The authority for this transaction is a statement made by Thomas Cramlington, grandson to one 
of the parties to the dispute, in a case heard before the Council of the North, and recorded iii the 
Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. It concurs with other existing 
evidence. The iurors in an inquisition taken March l6th, 1562/3, reported: 'The quene's majestie's 
feodary doith a'Uedge that ther should be a release maid be Sir John Delavale knyght to one 
Cramlyngton of the seid Newsham, the sight of which release we have demaunded and cannott see it 
nor have it.' Chancery Iiuj. p.m. 2nd series, vol. cxxxvii. No. 42. 

' Letters and Papers, Hen. YIII. vol. iii. p. 1460 ; vol. iv. p. 2218. 

* See Thomas Cramlington's will, printed in Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. iii. (Surt. Soc. 
No. 112), p. 8. 


wlio, being an infant at the time of his father's death, became the ward, 
and eventually the son-in-law, of Sir John Delaval, junior, son of that Sir 
John Delaval who had surrendered all claim to Newsham. 

Thomas Cramlington died in 1573, while yet a minor. He left no 
children, and accordingly his uncle, Lancelot Cramlington of West Sleek- 
burn, inherited Blythsnook and one-third of Newsham, subject to the 
dower of Anne Cramlington, widow of the deceased. Meanwhile Phillis 
Cramlington had carried her two-thirds of the manor to successive husbands, 
to Edward Uclaval of Tynemouth, younger son of Sir John Delaval, 
senior, and to a distant kinsman, John Ogle of Bebside. By George 
Cramlington's will she had been permitted ' to sytte in ye stone howse 
duringe hir wedowheed.' She and her assigns sat there for upwards of 
fifty-six years, for by so long did she survive her first husband. 

The inventory of the goods of John Ogle, taken on January 20th, 
1585/6, gives some interesting particulars repecting Newsham-hall. The 
manor-house contained a hall, a parlour used as a bedchamber, chambers 
over the hall and parlour, a study which served the combined purpose of 
counting house and armoury, a disused chapel and garret-loft, a buttery, 
kitchen, brew-house, milk-house or dairy, and malt-loft. The room over 
the hall formed the principal bedchamber, nine bedsteads filled the parlour 
and the chamber over it. There was the usual large wooden press, 
valued at two marks, and carved cupboard. Plate consisted of a silver 
salt and six silver spoons, other household utensils were of latten or 
pewter. Two jacks and steel caps, two bow^s, a quiver and bagful of 
arrows, and one pair of playing-tables formed the furniture of the bookless 

/;; the chauibcr over the htdl. C)ne trundle beadstead, 4s. ; j fctherbed and bolster, 20s. ; j matres, 4s. ; 
j longe table with a frame, 6s. 8d. ; j square table with a frame, 4s. ; j great wooden presse, 26s. 8d. ; 
j cheste and j ould chair, 4s. 4d. ; wollen hanginges about the chamber, 24s.; j carpet and vj quish- 
ions, 30s. 

In the chamber over the parlcr. Thre fetherbedes and iij boulsters, 46s. 8d. ; viij paire of blanckettes, 
485. ; xj pillowes, 6s. 8d. ; ij mattresses, xx hapinges or coveringes, ^3 6s. 8d. ; ix ould happinges, iSs. ; 
iij pistre coveringes, 20s. ; ij standinge bedsteades, 35s. ; curtens, read and grene, ij pare, with fleers, 20s. ; 
ij trundle bedsteades, 8s. ; ij cobbordes, 8s. ; iij chestes, 7s. 

In the parlcr. One standing bedstead with read and yallow hanginges of wollen, 24s. ; ij fouldinge 
bedsteades and j trundle bedsteade, 6s. ; j fetherbed and j boulster, 24s. ; j cobbord, carved, 13s. 4d. ; 
j ould counter, Sd. ; j ould wooden chaire and a pecke for corne-measuringe, 4d. ; j bedstead in the litle 
parler, 6d. 

In the hall. One large table with frame, los. ; ij cobbordes, 8s. ; j fourme, j chaire and j kenninge 
measure, i2d. 


In the huttcric. One sylvcr saltc and vj sylver spoones, ^3 ; j cobborde, js. ; iiij lalyne candlestickes, 
4s. ; ij pewter candlestickes, 3s. ; j chaffen dishe, I4d. ; ij pewter saltes, 8d. ; j ljasin},'e and ewer of 
puter, 4s.; j lattin basinge, i8d. ; iij pewter chamber-pottes, 3s. 

Lying with other thinges in the cliuppell and garrett-lofte. Two standing bedstedes, j tnnuUe bcd- 
stede, j oulde cubborde, and iij cony netes, 20s. ; iij oulde beddsteades, ij sythes, ij ould bylls and j 
wollen whele, 6s. ; x paire of flaxen sheetes, £4 ; viij pyllobeers, los. ; v paire of course sheetes, los. ; 
V flaxen table-clothes, 25s. ; ij course table-clothes, 2s. 6d. ; j cobbord-clothc, j longe towell, 2s. 8d. ; 
j dozen table napkynes, 4s. ; j flaughter spade,' 6d. 

In the kitchinge. One oulde brewinge calldron, 4s. ; j newe brewinge calldron, 20s. ; ij kettels for 
milknes,- 6s. ; iiij brasse pottes, 12s. ; j iron chimley in the hall, 13s. 4d. ; iiij chymleye crookes, 5s.; 
ij spyttes, ij pare of tonges, and j irone potte, 2s. ; ij paire of pott-clipes, 4d. ; j morterand pestle, 3s. ; iij 
spares and iij lances, 8s. ; Ixxiij lbs. weighte of pewtere vessell at 7d. the pound, 42s. 

In the malt-lojte. Eleven stone of wool, 58s. 8d. ; j wyndowe cloth, 6s. 

In the hrewhuuse. One niaskinge tubb and iij couUinge tubbes for worte, 4s. ; iij leavpn tubbes, 
j boultinge tubb, and j drye ware tubb, 2od. ; x beare-barrells and ij standes, 73. 4d. ; j soe for water, 
i8d. ; ij milkinge-pales, 8d. ; j palle for worte, 3d. 

In the niilkhouse. Two milke tubbes, i2d. ; v bolls for milke, 2s. ; iij chimes, 2s. ; j chese presse, Sd. ; 
iiij chese fattes, 2s. 6d. ; j brake and mouldinge-bord and ij bee-hyves, los. 

In the studye. Two jackes and ij stele cappes, 33s. 4d. ; ij bowes, j quiver, and j bage with arrowes, 
13s. 4d. ; money and gould found readye there, ^21 4s. ; ij brand-irons with other irone stufe, 2s. 6d. ; 
j paire of playinge tables, 6d." 

The lands given in dower to Anne Cramlington were farmed by 
John Ogle at ten marks yearly rent. Besides this and his wife's property 
he mav possibly have rented the portion of Newsham belonging to 
Lancelot Cramlington, to whom he had given his daughter Mary in 
marriage in or about the year 1576.* He kept two ploughs going upon 
his land, and had nineteen team-oxen. Wheat and oats were the principal 
crops, one hundred and forty-two thraves of wheat being reaped in 1586. 
His live stock, which was considerable, consisted, for the most part, of 
cows and sheep, and enabled him to trade in dairy produce and wool. 

His widow, Phillis Ogle, continued to reside at Newsham until 1596, 
when she removed to Tynemouth. On September 2nd of that year she 
granted a lease of Newsham-hall and of her lands there to Arthur Grey 
of Chillingham, afterwards of Spindleston. The lease was granted for 
twenty-one years, if the lessor should so long live, at a rental of fiftv 
pounds yearly ; but the rent remained unpaid, and, on July 20th, 1603, 

' The spade for paring ought to be similar to that used in Scotland for casting turf, provincially the 
flaughter-spade.' Robertson, Agriculture oj Perth, cited by Murray, Nciv English Dictionary, vol. iv. p. 301. 

- Milkness = dairy produce, milk. See Wright, English Dialect Dictionary, vol. iv. p. no. 

' Durham Wills and Inventories, vol. ii. (Surt. Soc. No. 38), pp. 131-132, where the will is also given. 
For further particulars regarding John Ogle, see Ogle, Ogle and Bothal, p. 86, and below under Bebside. 

* On September 26th, 1573, Lancelot Cramlington leased to Robert Delaval of Seaton Delaval his 
two-thirds of one-third of Newshani for one year only. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. In 1576 he 
conveyed the manor of Newsham and land there and at ISlythsnook to James Ogle, Robert Middleton, 
Gerard Lawson, and John Fenwick, who probably acted as the trustees of his marriage settlement. 
Feet of Fines, Mich. 18 Eliz. 


Phillis Ogle addressed a claim to the Council of the North for enforce- 
ment of covenants contained in the lease.' The dispute possibly turned 
upon Mrs. Ogle's claim to Newsham-hall ; she does not appear to have 
been legally entitled to retain the house after her second marriage ; and 
this assumption is supported by the fact that, on August 25th, 1603, 
indemnity was given to the defendants in the suit by Thomas Cramling- 
ton IV. and by the trustees of his marriage settlement, with whom the 
reversion of the disputed premises lay." 

Lancelot Cramlington iiad died in 1602. Under the terms of a familv 
settlement made on August 6th, 1600, (i) Lancelot Cramlington's whole 
estate in Newsham and Blythsnook devolved upon his widow, Mary 
Cramlington ; (2) on the death of Phillis Ogle in 1606, one-half of the 
manor descended to Thomas Cramlington IV., son and heir of the said 
Lancelot, Mary Cramlington taking the other half for her life ; (3) when 
Thomas Cramlington died in 1624, his mother being then still living and in 
possession of half of Newsham, one-third of the manor came to Grace, 
widow of Thomas Cramlington, and one-sixth to their son, Robert 
Cramlington ; (4) upon the death of Mary, widow of Lancelot Cramlington, 
the manor was redivided, one third falling to Robert Cramlington, and 
two thirds to his mother for her dower, ^ 

The owners of Newsham were professed Roman Catholics, and it is 
therefore not surprising that Robert Cramlington should have taken the king's 
side in the Civil War. Something is learned of him from a letter-writer 
on board the Parliamentarian frigate Aiiti/opc, which put in under Tyne- 
mouth castle on May 24th, 1643, and captured two corn-ships from Lynn. 

That night we had a well-wisher who stole off in a boat and gave us intelhgence of a great papist 
that lived about a mile north from the castle, within half a mile off the shoare. The house I knew well, 
and the owner thereof, one Mr. Cramlington of Newsham, who had made ready halfe a dozen horses and 
men to goe to the earle of Newcastle's army. Whereupon I animated the captaine to prevent his 
goinge ; and likewise I undertook to be their guide. So about twelve a clocke at night we armed four 
score men, well provided, whome we landed on the shoare, and thence marcht up in order unto the house, 
and, placing our centinels round about it, we repaired first to the stable, thinking to make all sure there; 
but we found not onely all the horses gon, but the gentleman himselfe, the day before. After some 
opposition, we entred the house, but found no ammunition at all therein, whereupon our souldiers 
plundered it, and so returned on ship-board.' 

' Delaval MSS. in the possession of the Newcastle Society of .Antiquaries. 

- Marquis of Watcrford's MSS. 

' Chancery Inq. p.m. 2nd series, vol. cccxxxvii. No. 78 ; vol. ccccx.xxii. No. 120. 

'A True Rdation of the Very Good Service done by the Aniihpe, cited by Mr. C. S. Terry in 
Arch. Ael. 2nd series, \ol. .xxi. p. 14S. 




Arms : Bany of six^ argent and acuii' ; itt c/iir-/ //irc'c- annuirls of thi' last. St. 
George's Visitation of Norlhumlifrlamt, 1 61 5. 

George Cr.'MWLIngton, died seised of the manor of Newsham (</). = 

John Cramlington, son and heir of George 
Cramlington of Nevvsham, had a release, 
32 Hen. VI. (1453-1454) of lands in 
that place from John Delaval (</) ; died 

,v./. (,/). 

Thomas Cramlington, brotherand 
heir, party to son's marriage 
settlement, 4 Hen. VII. (1488- 
1489) (rf) ; died seised of the 
manor of Newsham (r/) («). 

George Cramlington = Eleanor, daughter of Gawcn Ogle of Choppington (rf), 
of Newsham (</). articles before marriage, 4 Hen. VII. (1488-1489) (</). 

Thomas Cramlington of News- 
ham (rf) ; had a release of 
Newsham from Sir John Dela- 
val, 20th July, 1537; will dated 
7th July, 1550 (o). 

Agnes [o) or Anne, daughter of 
William Lawson of Raskelf((/) ; had 
a third part of Newsham assigned 
to her by her son George ((?) ; died 
30th September, 1558 (0). 

Arthur Cramling- 
ton, mentioned 
in the will of his 
nephew, George 
Cramlington (0). 

William Cramlington, to 
whom Isabel Ogle of 
Bothal, 24th January, 
'539i g^ve a moiety of 
Thrunton tithes (J), -i. 

George Cramlington of Newsham, son and heir (fl') ; will 
dat'ed iSth June, 1551 (o) ; died 20th June, 1551 (0) ; 
buried at Whalton (0) ; inquisition taken loth April, 
1565 (0). 

Phillis, daughter of John Ogle of Ogle castle fi/) ; married 
second, Edward Delaval, and thirdly, John Ogle of Beb- 
side {d) ; was residing at Leniington in Edlingham when 
she made her will, 22nd June, 1606 (/) ; died same year. 

Geoffrey Cram- Thomas Cramlington of Newsham (rf), son and =^ Anne, daughter of Sir John 

lington, men- heir, stated to be 13 years of age in 1565 (0) ; will Delaval of Seaton Delaval, 

tioned in his dated 26th February, 1572/3 (;)); to be buried in the knight (</) ; she married 

father's will chapel of Seaton Delaval; died 28th March, 1573 ; second, Robert Lewin of 

{p). inquisition taken l6th May, 1573 (/). Newcastle («). 

Agnes, men- 
tioned in her 
father's will 

Lancelot Cramlington (</) of Blyth-Nook, to whom his father 
gave a farmhold in West Sleekburn for life (0) ; uncle and 
heir of Thomas Cramlington of Newsham (</) ; was 40 years of 
age in 1 573 ( f) ; party to fines for the manor of Newsham in 
1576 and 1600; buried 14th September, 1602 (a) ; inquisition 
taken 13th .\pril, 1613, and again 3rd September, 1622 ((/). 

Mary, daughter Lamwell Cramlington, to whom 

of John Ogle his father gave BIyth-Xook for 

((/) of Bebside life (0) ; living loth April, 1565 

(/) ; living at (0). 

Newcastle in PHizabeth, living unmarried 7th 

1626 (?-)■ Jul}'' 155° (")■ 

Thomas Cramlington of Newsham, son and heir (rf) ; aged 32 m 
1613 (y) ; entered his pedigree at the Heralds' Visitation in 
1615 («') ; by inquisition taken 17th January, l623'4, he proved 
that he was of full age at the time of his father's death (»;) ; 
died at Newsham 28th May, 1624 (r) ; buried I2th June, 1624 
(a) ; Inq. p.m. taken 30th August, 1626 (;•). 

Grace, daughter of Robert 
Lawson of Cramlington 
((/) (;;;) ; marriage settle- 
ment, 6th .August, 1600 
(7) ; buried 21st F'ebru- 
ary, 1649 50 («). 

James Cramlington 
((/), mentioned in 
settlement of 6th 
August, i6cx) {(f) 
[buried 8th October, 
1623 (5)]. 

Robert Cramlington of Newsham, son and heir, 
was 14 years of age in 1615 (r/) ; took part in 
the Civil War, his name being inserted in the 
third Act for Sale in 1652 (/) ; [buried 23rd 
January, 1649/50 ((f)\. 

I ^ III 

Thomas Cram- Elizabeth, born before 14th September, 1602 

lington, born (m). 

before 1615 Barbara (r/), born before 14th September, 1602 

((/). {nf) \ married Bertram Liddell of Heaton (/;). 

Dorothy (/;), [wife of Robert Loraine of Walker]. 

Philip Cramlington of Newsham, for which he was rated in 1663 at ^ 
^200 per annum ; living 7th June, 1695 (^). | 

Dorothy, died at Newsham ; buried loth 
March, 1649/50 (a). 



John Cramling^ton, son and 
heir, joined his father in 
mortgage of Newsham, 2Ist 
January, 1677/8; living26th 
Jannar^', 16S0/1 (^g) ; dead 
iiefore 7lh June, 1695 (^). 

Margaret [ He- =Henry Cranilington of Newsham, living = Frances, widow of Mat- 
ron] of New- 36lh January, 1680/1 (;^) ; described as thew Ilammerton of Purs- 
castle, bond son and heir in deed, 7th June, 1695 ton-Jaglin, West Riding, 
of marriage, (,/^) ; was living at Yorti. 2f)th August, and daughter of Thomas 
31st October, 1725, when he conveyeti Xewshani to \^avasour («), bond of 
1693. Riiliard Ridley of Newcastle (jf). marriage, 2nd May, 169S. 

Stephen Cramlington = Isabella, 

((/), living at Mor- 
wirk (/i) in 1648; 
buried 12th August, 
1677 (j). 

Lancelot, baptised 
l6lh August, 1631 
(/') ; buried 26th 
December follow- 
ing (/)). 




Ralph Cram- 
lington (rf), 
living 30th 
Aug., 1626 

John Cramlington ((/) of = [Rachel 

Tynemouth (/5), after- 
wards of Murton [died 
2nd, buried 3rd April, 
1666 ('/), in Earsdon 
quire (")]. 

died at 
i8th July, 
1648 («).] 

Mabel (7), married 19th June, 
1603, Christopher Prior (a) 
of Monksealon ((/); buried 
l8th April, 1642 (/-). 

Mary (//), married Christo- 
pher I)obson (f/). 


Elizabeth, baptised l8th December, 1632 (/<) ; married 7th January, 1656/7, William Wood O). 
Barbara, baptised 7th June, 1635 (//) [married at Long Floughton, 23rd Oct., 1666, John Salkeld]. 
Catherine, born at Murton ; baptised 15th July, 1643 (a). 

Mary, daughter of John Cramlington of Murton, married 2Ist April, 1645, to Oliver Ogle of 
Backworth (a) ; she was living, a widow, in great poverty in 1708 (^). 

Lancelot Cramlington of West ^ Jane, widow William Cram- 
Hartford and Earsdon (/O.' ad- of Robert lington,* bur. 
mitted to Hostmen's Company, Mills (f), at .AH Saints', 
2lst Nov., 1705, as a free bui- daughter Newcastle(^) ; 
gess ; receiver of the land ta,\ of Captain will dated 6th 
for Northumberland and Dur- While (/;), Sept., 1707; 
ham ; died s.p. ; buried at All mar. 23rd proved 1708 
Saints', Newcastle ; will dated December, (/). 
4th March, 1717/8 (z). 1670 {j). 

Eleanor, dau. of Tobias Blakiston 
of Newton-hall (^), bond of mar- 
riage 28th October, 1691 ; she 

married second Sowerby, 

and died before 15th March, 
1725, when administration of 
her personal estate was granted 
to her son, Lancelot Cramling- 
ton of Earsdon (r). 

Nicholas Cram- 
lington, son of 
Stephen Cram- 
lington of Mor- 
wick, apprenticed 
loih Aug., 1649, 
to Samuel Raw- 
ling of Newcastle, 
boothman (i!). 

Lancelot Cramlington of ; 
Earsdon, baptised at 
All Saints', Newcastle, 

1692 (A) ; buried 

will dated 5th March, 
1757; proved 1765 (;). 

I I .1 M I. 

Anne, daughter of Ralph Cram- == Anne, dau. of Blakiston, baptised 15th Februar)', 1704/5 

William Whar- lington of Thomas Ho- (j) ; dead before 6th September, 1707. 

rier of Birling, London, H'ell of Gildon Frances, married Ambrose Maughling of 

bapt. 29th Sept., born in the Down, Salop Newcastle (/;). -i- 

1692 (c) ; buried parish of All (/;), and widow Margaret, living 1708 (;). 

14th May, 1762 Saints, New- of Richard Mary, living 1708 (;)• 

(a). castle (//). Barker. Isabella, living 1708 (j). 

William, baptised 
2 1st August, 1 72 1 
(c) ; buried Ist 
April, 1724 (c). 

Henry Ciamlington of Newcastle 
and of Birling, buried 3rd April 
1809, aged 86 (c) ; will dated 
i8th July, 1808 (;). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Watson of Warkworth, married 
26th April, 1756 (c) ; buried 8th 
January, 1804, aged 73 (it)- 

. M 

W harrier Cramlington, 
baptised 23rd January, 
1723/4(0) ; buried 15th 
June following (a). 

Anne, dau. of William 
Scott of Newcastle 
by his first marriage, 
and half-sister to the 
earl of Eldon and 
Lord Stowell ; mar- 
ried iSth May, 1752 
(>); died 18th 
May, 1764, aged 31 


William Cramlington of = 
St. Anne's, in the 
chapelry of All Saints', 
Newcastle, bapt. 25th 
May, 1725 (^) ; mayor 
of iSjewcastle, 1787 and 
1796 ; died 12th May, 
1810 O)) ; will dated 
2nd July, 1S04 ; proved 
1810 0). 

: Anne, widow of Lewis Hick 
of Newcastle, hostman, 
and daughter of William 
Lake of Benton, articles 
before her second marriage, 
25th April, 1772 ; married 
at St, John's, Newcastle, 
28th April, 1772 ; died 
23rd March, 1804, aged 70 

I I I 

Anne, baptised 4th April 172S (a) ; 
married 22nd .April, 1750, Richard 
Harrison of Newcastle («), after- 
wards of North Shields, brewer 

(0- -I' 
Hannah, baptised 30th March, 1732 
(a) ; buried 30th September, 1733 

Isabel, baptised 7th May, 1734 (") J 
buried 30th May of same year (a). 

William Cramling- 
ton, son and heir, 
born 17th June, 
I76i(/0;died 2Sth 
December, 1763. 


Isabel, born 19th March, 1753 ; died 2nd March, 1755 (^). 

Anne, born 22nd December, 1756 (//) ; married 2nd January, 1779 (/), John Crichloe Turner, who 

was knighted in 17S6 ; she died, s.p., Ilth November, 1815. 
Elizabeth, born gth January, 1758 ; died l8th of same month (/;). 
Jane, born 17th February, 1760 ; died loth March, 1762 (_/i'). 



I I 
William Cramlington of W:irk- 
worth, baptised lOlh August, 
175^ (0 I buried in Warkworth 
church, 27th February, 1839 
(c) ; administration of his per- 
sonal estate, 5lh January, 1830 


Henry Cramlington of Newcastle, 
baptised 26th January, 1763 (c) ; 
mayor of Newcastle, I.S05, 1815, 
1824; died 22nd May, 1844; 
buried in Warkworth church. 


Lancelot Cramlington of 
VValbottle, baptised 24th 
October, 1764 (c) ; buried 
6th January, 1803, aged 39 
(c), in Warkworth church. 

John Cramlington, baptised 
8th February, 1769 (c) ; a 
marinei' ; died at I^onibay, 
December, 1799 (_i). 

Thomas Cramlington, bap- 
tised 6th September, 1773 
(c) ; died s./i. 


Margaret, baptised 24th October, 1760 (c) ; buried 
in Warkworth church, 14th September, 1837 (c). 

Elizabeth, baptised 24th November, 1766 (c) ; 
buried in Warkworth church, 15th January, 
1778 (0. . , . 

Anne, baptised 2nd June, 1772 (c) ; buried m 
Warkworth church, 13th September, l853-(c). 

Hannah, baptised 3rd August, 1774 (c) ; buried in 
Warkworth church, February, 1S47 (c). 

Alice, baptised 27th August, 1776 (c) ; buried in 
Warkworth church, 14th August, 1855 (c) ; will 
dated 6th September, 1852 ; proved 1855 (z). 

((z) Earsdon Register. 
(Jt) Tynemoitth Registers. 

(c) Warkworth Registers. 

(d) St. George's Visitation of Northumherhnd in 

1615, ed. Foster. 

(<) Durham Wills, Surt. Soc. No. 2, p. 1 1 5. 

(/) //'id. No. 38, p. 130. 

(if) Quarter-Sessions Records. 

(/5) Pedigree of Cramlington by Bigland, Somer- 
set Herald, 1763 ; cf. .irch. .-lei. vol. -xix. 
pp. I-13. 

(?) Durham Prohate Registry. 

(/) A // Saints' Register, Newcastle. 

(Jj) Monumental Inscription, All Saints', Newcastle. 

(i) Newcastle Courant, nth October, 1800. 

(/) Welford, Royalist Compositions, pp. x.xxiii. 178. 

irn) Proofs of Age, .Arch. .Ael. vol xxiv. p. 127. 

(;i) M.arquis of Waterford's MSS. 

(0) Chancery Inq. p.m. vol. cxlii. No. 95. 

(/) IHd. vol. clxv. No. 138. 

(cj) Ibid. vol. cccxxxvii. No. 78, and vol. cccxciii. No. 164. 

(r) Iliid. vol. ccccxxxii. No. 120. 

(i) Morpeth Registers. 

(J) Newcastle Merchant .Adventurers, vol. ii. p. 270. 

(a) Dugdale's I 'isitation of Yorkslnre, 1 666, ed. Clay, p. 27. 

(ill) Viscount Ridley's deeds. 

* In the pedigree of the family drawn up by Bigland, Somerset Herald, Lancelot Cramlington of West Hartford 
and William Cramlington of Newcastle are asserted to be sons of Stephen Cramlington of Morwick and grandsons 
of Lancelot Cramlington of BIyth-nook. The pedigree was prepared in the lifetime of Lancelot Cramhngton of 
Earsdon, son of the above-mentioned William Cramlington, and therefore, in default of positive evidence to the 
contrary, Bigland's statement may be accepted as correct \ but the length of the generations is unusual. 


1551, June iSth. Will of George Cramlington of Neusham. In the name of God, amen. The xviij"' of June, in 
the yeare of our Lord God 1551, I, George Cramlyngton, hole of mynde and memorie, makethe my testament and last 
will in maynor and forme hereafter followinge. Firste, I geve and bequethe my sowele to God Almyghtie and to oure 
Ladie saincte Marye and to all the blessed compennye of Heaven, and my bodye to be buried in the churche of 
Whalton where it shall please my frendes. Item, I geve and bequethe to my ouncle Arther Cramlyngton iiij°'' kyee. 
Item, I geve and bequethe to George Bulman a blacke bumbeseary doblet. Item, I geve to Henrye Hutcheson my 
servaunte fowre yowes, and to my servaunt Richerde Pawterson ij" yowes. Item, I geve to John Wayke iiij'"' yowes. 
Item, I geve to my sonn Jeffraie Cramlyngton iiij"' yowes. Item, to my sonn Thomas Cramlington iiij"' yowes. Item, 
to my dowghter Agnes Cramlyngton ij° yowes. Item, I maike Henrye Ogle and my wif Philis Cramlington my full 
executores. And to Henry Ogle I geve iiij"' oxen and iiij"' kyee, a blacke jackette, a doblet of leed taffataie, a pare of 
yallaye hoose, and so he therwith be contented for his parte. The reste of all my goodes bothe landes and all thinges 
with all commodities therto belongeinge, as fer furthe as the lawe will permit, I geve to my wif Philis and hir chielde if 
God sende hir one ; and if it chaunce that shee have no chielde, then I wyll that shee have all suche landes with the 
commodites thereto belonginge as I may geve hir by the lawe, and to sytte in ye stone howse duringe her wedowheed. 
Item, I maike my father-in-lawe supervisor of this my present will, to se that althinges within be perfurmed and 
ordored accordinge to my will ; these beinge wytnesses of this my presente wyll, John Ogle of Ogle castell, Stephen 
Halliden, clarke, vicor of Stannyngton, William Lee, Robert GaUon[e] with other moo. Chancery Inq. p.m. 2nd 
series, vol. cxlii. No. 95. 

1600, August 6th. Settlement made upon the marriage of Thomas Cramlington, son and heir of Lancelot Cram- 
lington of New^sham, with Grace, daughter of Robert Lawson of Cramlington, gent. Upon payment of £1^0 by the 
said Robert, the said Lancelot agrees to convey to Ralph Lawson of Burgh in the county of Yorkshire, esq., and to 
William Fenwick of Blagdon in the county of Northumberland, gent., and to their heirs, the manor of Newsham and 
lands in Newsham and Blythsnook to hold to the following uses ; to wit the third part of Newsham and the premises 
at Blythsnook to the use of the said Lancelot and .Mary his wife for life; with successive remainders to the said Thomas 
Cramlington for life, to Grace Lawson for life as part of her jointure, to the heirs male of the said Thomas ; to James 

Vol. IX. 



Ci;iinliii^Lon, second son of the said Lancelot, and lo his heirs male ; to Stephen Cramlington, the third son, and to his 
heirs male ; to Ralph Cramlington, the fourth son, and to his heirs male ; to John Cramlington, the fifth son, and to 
his heirs male ; and to the right heirs of the said Thomas Cramlington for ever. And as to the two parts of Newsham 
held by Phillis Ogle for life, upon trust to hold the reversion of half of one of those third parts lo the use of the said 
Lancelot Cramlington and Mary his wife for life, with successive remainders to Thomas Cramlington and to his heirs 
male, to the other four sons of Lancelot Cramlington and to their heirs male, and to the right heirs of the said Thomas 
Cramlington for ever ; and upon further trust to hold the reversion of the other half of one of those third parts to the 
use of Thomas Cramlington and his heirs male, with successive remainders to the other four sons of Lancelot Cram- 
lington and to their heirs male, and with ultimate remainder to the right heirs of the said Thomas Cramlington. And 
the reversion of the other full third part of the manor of Newsham shall be to Thom;is Cramlington for life, with 
successive remainders to Grace Lawson for life as residue of her dower ; to the heirs male of the said Thomas ; to the 
other four sons of the said Lancelot and to their heirs male ; and to the right heirs of the said Thomas Cramlington 
for ever. The feoffees and their heirs shall stand seised of the aforesaid tenements upon trust to pay five pounds 
yearly to each of the younger sons of Lancelot Cramlington for life, after the death of Phillis Ogle and the said 
Lancelot, the annuities to be charged upon the lands in the tenure of the said Lancelot and Mary ; and they shall 
further stand seised of the third part of the manor, now in the tenure of the said Lancelot for life, upon trust to pay to 
Mabel Cramlington and to Mary Cramlington the sum of two hundred marks. The premises shall be discharged 
of all former grants and sales made by the said Lancelot for term of life of Phillis Ogle, a lease already made of part 
of the premises to Robert Lawson always excepted. An annuity of ten marks due to Ann Lewen for life, now paid by 
the said Phillis Ogle, shall hereafter be paid by the said Lancelot Cramlington and Thomas Cramlington. Chmuery 
Iiiq. p.m. 2nd series, vol. cccxxxvii. No. 78. 

Robert Cramlington died in the month of January, 1649/50. On 
November 2nd, 1652, his name was inserted in the third Act for Sale of 
Estates forfeited for Treason, but only a portion of his estate appears 
to have been put up for sale. Ralph Milbanke contracted, on August 
31st, 1653, for the purchase of Newsham-hall and of all lands belonging 
thereto, in the occupation of Anthony Loraine,' as well as of a rabbit- 
warren in the occupation of James Sutton, late parcel of the estate of 
Robert Cramlington ; and ten days later the treason trustees made the 
requisite order for sale.'' Milbanke appears to have subsequently trans- 
ferred the property that he had purchased to the representatives of Robert 
Cramlington, for whom he may have acted as agent. Philip Cramlington 
is entered as sole owner of Newsham in the rate book of 1663.^ But 
fines for recusancy and delinquency had impoverished the estate ; and, on 
June 6th, 1695, Philip Cramlington and Henry Cramlington, his son and 

' Anthony Loraine of Newsham may be identified with Anthony, son of Robert Loraine of Walker, 
who died November 21st, 1669. and was buried at Long Benton. By his wife, Frances, he left surviving 
issue, namely, two daughters, Jane and Grace. Hodgson, Norlhumhcrland, pt. ii. vol. i. p. 249. In 
1657/8, ' Mistres Elsebeth Lorrains, daughter to Mr. Anthony Lorains of Newsham, was baptised at 
Newsham by Master William Henderson, minister of the Gospel to the parish of Earsdon, being 
Thursday, February 2nd.' Earsdon Register. See also above, p. 20. He was probably a kinsman of 
the Cramlingtons, for on December i6th, 1675, letters of administration of the goods of Mary 
Cramlington of the parish of Long Benton, spinster, were granted to John Loraine of the city of York, 
gent., nephew of the deceased. Arch. Aet. 2nd series, vol. xix. p. 4, note. 

"' Welford, Royalist Compositions, Surt. Soc. No. iii, p. 178 ; Rovalist Composition Papers, P.R.O. 
vol. G. 18, p. 884. 

^ Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. iii. vol. i. p. 251. 


heir, made sale of Newsham and Blythsnook to Ralph Brandling of 
Felling and Nathaniel Wyersdale of London, draper, subject to an annual 
rent charge of twenty pounds payable out of Newsham demesne to Mary, 
wife of Joseph Huddleston of Newcastle.' One thousand pounds of the 
purchase money remained unpaid, and, as security for that sum, Brandling 
and Wyersdale leased half of the premises to the vendors.^ The Cram- 
lingtons thus still maintained their connection with Newsham, although no 
longer owners of the freehold. 

About the same time as the sale of Newsham, Brandling and Wvers- 
dale had acquired an interest by mortgage in the manors of Plessey and 
Shotton. These they conveyed on January r3th, 1 699/1 700, to Colonel 
Thomas Radcliffe of Dilston, younger brother of the first earl of Der- 
wentwater.' Newsham was also sold by them to Colonel Radcliffe, pro- 
bably on the same date.' By indenture dated February 19th, 1 699/1 700, 
Henry Cramlington of Newsham confirmed Radcliffe in the possession of 
Newsham and .South Blyth, with reservation of the thousand pounds pre- 
viously mentioned.'* 

Colonel Radcliffe died at Douai on December 29th (n.s.), 17 15, having 
made his will on June 30th, 1705, whereby he devised all his real estate 
to his sister. Lady Mary Radcliffe, for life, with remainder to his nephew, 
James, earl of Derwentwater." On April 19th, 1717, Lady Mary Radcliffe 
registered her estate at Newsham as follows : 

Neusham. A messuage and lands called Dlythes Nook farm leased to William Silvertop" by Thomas 
Errington' and Thomas Radcliffe, deceased, at /40 a year. A messuage and three closes called the 

' Mary Huddleston was daughter of John Emerson of Newcastle, merchant adventurer, and mayor 
of that town in 1660. Welford. 5/. Nicholas Church, vol. ii. p. 59. The annuity was a composition for 
a lease of the demesne made on January 21st, 1677/8, to Joseph Huddleston for his wife's lifetime. 

- Enrolment hook penes the clerk of the peace. '' Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 298. 

' 'The manor of Newsham is said in the deed of purchase of Plessey to have been purchased by the 
said Thomas Radcliffe of the same persons he purchased Plessey, but no deeds of purchase were laid 
before the commissioners, so that the time when he m.ade the purchase or what he gave for Newsham 
doth not appear.' Forfeited Estates Papers, R. 9. According to Warburton Colonel Radcliffe ' purchased 
the estate from a society of London merchants, who had purchased it expecting to make great 
advantage.' Duke of Northumberland's MS.S. Brandling and Wyersdale appear to have been 
promoters of a joint stock company referred to in the following chapter on the coal trade. Spearman 
erroneously states that Newsham was purchased, after sequestration, by the city of London, and sold 
to Colonel Radcliffe. 

' Enrolment hook penes the clerk of the peace. '■ Forfeited Est.ates Papers, R. 6 and 9. 

■ William Silvertop of iMinsteracres was at this time employed by William, Lord Widdrington, as 
agent for the Plessey colliery and Blyth salt works. Forfeited Estates Papers, W 37 a. For a pedigree 
of his family see vol. vi. of this work p. 215. 

' A branch of the Errington family appears to have been settled at this time in Newsham. The 
Earsdon register records the burials of the following members of the family: 1732, May 28th, George 
Errington of Newsham; 1747/S, March 20tb, Phillis Errington of Newsham; 1758, October 24th, 
John Errington of East Newsham ; 1767, January 24th, William Errington of Newsham. 


VVariener's closes in Newsliani, and the coney warren there,' leased as above to Edward Watts at 
^35 a year. The messuages and lands called Cuthbertson's farm and Cresswell closes in Newsham, 
leased as above to John Clark at ^38 a year. All the mansion-house and demesne of Newsham in 
possession of Margaret Robinson, widow,- without lease at ^36 a year. The messuage and lands called 
the Link-house " leased as above to Francis Weldon at ^go a year. The south-west farm in Newsham 
half let to John Liddell and half to Edward Mitford, without lease and each at £1(3 a year ; total £y2 a 
year. The Great West farm let by lease made as before to John Farkap and John Chicken at £^2 
a year. Jubb's house and close let at £2 a year. Newsham fishery in the sea let at £4 los. a year. 
House, stable and bake-house on the south side of the wagonway ' let at 25s. a year. The Field-house 
and garth let at 5s. a year. Potter's house let at 5s. a year. Ward's house let at 5s. a year. 

Out of which rents are allowed for keeping half a light horse, £^. To the Royal Aid Cess, 
£62 15s. To tenants for limestone and coal, yearly, £\^ 12s. To John Sandford for his wife's lifetime, 
^20.' To Henry Cramlington, £i<) i8s. lod., which /20 and /19 i8s. lod. are the interest of 
^665 14s. 2d. due to the said Henry Cramlington and charged upon the said lands, etc., of Newsham." 

Consequent upon the Derwentwater forfeiture in the rebellion of 
1 71 5, the coniniissioners for forfeited estates made seizure of the lands in 
Newsham, Plessey, Shotton and Nafferton, formerly belonging to Colonel 
Radcliife, of which the late earl of Derwentwater had the reversion. 
Lady Mary Radcliffe's life interest was disallowed on the ground that her 
brother's will had been made since the statute of ii and 12 William III., 
and that she, being a papist, was consequently disabled from taking lands 
by that devise.' Her estate was advertised for sale on July iith, 1723,' 
and found ready purchasers in Matthew White of Newcastle and his son- 
in-law, Richard Ridley of Blagdon. Newsham was still burdened with 

' A rabbit-warren is included in the extents of Newsham taken in the years 1551, 1565 and 1573, and 
two 'cony-netes' occur in the inventory of the goods of John Ogle of Newsham made in 1586; see 
above, p 213. 

- Margaret Robinson, widow, may perhaps be identified with the eldest daughter of Edward Delaval 
of Dissington and mother of Susanna, Lady Delaval. A certain Madame Errington is slated to have 
been in occupation of the mansion in 1715. Wallace, History of Blyth, p. 15, note. 

■' The Link-house, a substantial brick building placed near the seashore, at the mouth of the small 
runner that flows past Newsham, was occupied in 16S3 by Nicholas Lewin, afterwards of Bamburgh. 
See above, p. 20. Francis Welton, its tenant in 1717, was a Roman Catholic, and had been presented, 
two years earlier, for refusing to take the oath of allegiance. Wallace, History of Blyth, p. m. 
A few years later William Silvertop moved hither from South Blyth. The house then became for 
many years the residence of members of the Ridley family, and it was probably by Nicholas Ridley, 
who died there in 1751, that the present mansion was built. Ibid. p. 39; Hodgson, Northumberland, 
pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 325, 326. During the first half of the nineteenth century the house was tenanted by 
the Rev. Robert Greenwell, minister of Blyth chapel, who kept a school there. It is marked on 
Kitchen's map of Northumberland, printed in 1730. 

' An account of this (Plessey) wagonway is given below in the chapter on the coal trade of the 

''John Sandford voted for his freehold in Newsham at the election of 169S. MS. poll book />(■;)« 
the marquis of Waterford. 

' Roman Catholic Register />£«« the clerk of the peace, No. 58. 

' Payne, Records of English Catholics of 1715, pp. 102-103. 

" Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. pp. 340-341. The rental there printed reproduces, for the 
most part, the particulars registered in 1717, but adds a rent of £\cx> paid by Robert Wright and John 
Spearman for a staith at Blyth. 


the annuity of twenty pounds payable to Mary Huddleston, then the 
wife of John Sandford, as well as with ;^666 13s. 4d., parcel of the 
thousand pounds purchase money due to Henry Crainlington, only one- 
third part of that sum having been paid by Colonel Radcliffe. On August 
26th following, White and Ridley came to terms with Cramlington, who 
had meanwhile left Newsham to take up his residence at York. They 
agreed to continue the annuity of twenty pounds to Mrs. Sandford, and 
commuted the sum due to Henry Cramlington for an annuity of fifty 

White's interest in the premises descended to his son, Sir Matthew 
White, and was devised by him, in 1755, to his brother-in-law, Matthew 
Ridley of Heaton, from whom the Newsham and Blyth property has come 
in lineal succession to the present Viscount Ridley. 

After the Cramlingtons had finally abandoned their connexion with 
Newsham, their mansion became a farmhouse upon the Ridley estate. It 
stood on the site of Newsham North farm, on the north side of the road 
leading inland from the Link-house and at the east end of the present 
hamlet of South Newsham. Unhappily it was demolished about the year 
1880, and little information can be gathered respecting its architectural 
features. Warburton, writing about the year 1720, describes it as 'an 
ancient structure but something ruinous.'^ So far as can be ascertained, 
the hall was a plain structure of si.xteenth century date. The main building 
was two stories in height, and was flanked at one end by the pantry, and at 
the other by the dairy, which communicated with the stables and other farm 
buildings at the rear of the house. 

Inasmuch as the history of the township during the eighteenth and 
nineteenth centuries is almost entirely associated with the development of 
the port of Blyth, it is convenient to reserve its treatment for the final 
chapter of this volume. 

' Enrolment book pfiics the clerk of the peace. Henry Cramlington is described, in 171 5, as of 
Huddleston in the North Riding, and as being in possession of an estate valued at ^,'122 los. yearly, 
comprising property in Leeds and an annuity out of Featherston in the West Riding, held in right of 
Frances his wife. Payne, English CatlwUc Non Jurors, p. 311. For further particulars relatmg to the 
Cramlington family see 'Notices of the Family of Cramlington of Cramlington and Newsham,' by Mr. 
J. C. Hodgson, in Arch. A el. 2nd series, vol. xi.x. 
' ' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 



The cliapelry of Horton forms a portion of the ancient ecclesiastical 
parish of Woodhorn, in which are also included the chapelries of New- 
bigging and Widdrington. Originally a fourth chapelry, that of Chevington, 
was dependent upon Woodhorn, but became detached, probably before the 
year 1174, and was annexed to Warkwurtli.' Inasmuch as Horton chapelry 
is separated from the rest of the parish by the intervening franchise of 
Bedlington, it mav perhaps be inferred that Bedlington likewise, prior 
to its purchase for the congregation of St. Cuthbert by Bishop Cutheard 
(899-915)," belonged to Woodhorn, and that, in the first instance, Wood- 
horn parish embraced the whole district between Horton and Hadston 
and extended along one fourth of the coast of Northumberland. 

Horton chapelry has an area of 5,559 acres and comprises the five 
townships of Horton, West Hartford, East Hartford, Bebside and Cowpen. 
On the north side it abuts upon the river Blyth, from Blyth gut (a 
reclaimed backwater or ' slake ' in the heart of the modern town of Blyth) 
to Hartford bridge, where the river, at a point some six miles distant 
from its mouth, is crossed bv an old highwav leading from Newcastle to 
Bedlington. A mile's stretch of this road divides the chapelry from 
Stannington parish on the west. Where the Bedlington road is crossed 
by the North Eastern main line, Horton meets with Cramlington chapelry, 
which intrudes into, and bounds, it on the south and south-west, while 
the townships of Seaton Uelaval and Newsham in Earsdon chapelry furnish 
an equally artificial eastern limit. 

In the course of a centurv the population of this district has multiplied 
twenty-fold, a growth due in part to the natural development of the port of 
Blyth, but primarilv owing to the extension of the coal trade described in 
the following pages. 

' See vol. V. of this woik, p. 384. 

■ ' Historia de Sancto Cuilibeito ' in Symam oj Durhajn, Rolls Series, vol. i. p. 208. 



The district surrounding Hlyth possesses tiic same natural advantages 
for mining as Tynemouthshire. Geologically, it consists of coal measures 
overlaid by boulder clay, and is a repetition of the northern portion of 
Tynemouthshire, already described in the preceding volume of this series. 

Its surface is level and wind-swept, but, scenically uninteresting as it 
is, it forms a land well adapted for mining operations and the construc- 
tion of the railways necessary for that industry. Underground, the coal 
seams, dipping seawards from their outcrops in the western portion of the 
district, are found on its eastern edge at comparatively moderate depths 
and are free from any serious faults or mining difficulties Practically 
the whole of the seams of the North of England coalfield are met with, 
from the Moorland (about twenty-one fathoms above the High Main) to 
the Brockwell, which is found at Cowpen, the deepest colliery in the 
Blyth district, one hnndred and seventy-four fathoms below the surface. 
Those best known and most generally worked are the High Main, Grey 
or Main Coal, Yard, Bensham, Stone Coal or Five Quarter, Low Main, 
Plessey and Beaumont, beneath which the Busty and Brockwell have been 
proved but remain as yet untouched. 

Passing northwards from the Tyne, the character of the seams changes 
greatly, the house and gas coals of the Tyne area being replaced by the 
well known steam coal which forms the staple trade of the Blyth district. 
To this difference in the nature of the coals the long interval separating 
the development of the Tyne and Blyth coalfields was due, domestic re- 
quirements affording the Tvne a widespread market many years before 
the introduction of steam power gave the northern district its long delayed 
opportunity for expansion. 

The earliest record of mines in Cowpen is contained in the T\uc- 
moiith Chaj-tiilary, according to which the mines of Cowpen were held 
from the convent of Tynemouth by Robert, son of Alan of Cowpen, in 
the year 131 5.' Salt pans in Cowpen were granted at the close of the 
twelfth century to the monks of Brinkburn ;- Tynemouth priory had salt 

' Memorandum quod remittitur Roberto filio Alani de Copuni ij marce et dimidia quas debuit solvisse 
ad Pascham anno supradicto (9 Edw. II.) pro carbonariis de Copun. ita quod solvat ij niarcas et dimidiam 
ad festum sancti Michaelis. Tytiemonth Chartulary, fol. 16S. 

' Brinkburn ChnrtiiLiry, Surt. Soc. No. 90, pp. 154-160. 


pans in the same place in 1323;' and coal was, no doubt, worked in 
conjunction with them from upper seams lying at shallow depths near 
the river Blyth, on the north side of which, namely, in Bedlingtonshire, 
the convent of Newminster^ also possessed salt pans and coal mines which 
they leased up to the time of the dissolution. 

In 1535, the prior and convent of Tynemouth leased to Nicholas 
Mitford and John Preston 'one colle pitt with ij pykez to be wrowth at 
the said pytt ' in the fields of Bebside and Cowpen for seven years,' and 
in 1538 to Richard Benson of Durham two salt pans, 'with the garners 
and housyng thereto appurtenyng,' situate on the river of Blyth in the 
lordship of Cowpen for forty-one years, together with half a ' coole pytte ' 
in the fields of Cowpen and Bebside, so long as mine lasted, for the use 
of two salt pans, with wayleave and stayleave over the fields of Cowpen 
and Bebside/ 

After the dissolution of the monastery in 1539, the salt pans and coal 
pits were leased by the Crown to various individuals. In 1554 Thomas 
Bates took a lease of two salt pans and two coal pits which was renewed 
in 1574.^ Another lease was granted in 1555 to John Preston of one coal 
mine with two ' lez pickes,"' which was renewed in 1573 to Thomas 
Preston, his son,' and again in IS9~-^ The lease included a covenant to 
serve the queen with horse and armour when required. 

About this time the Percy family held property in Cowpen, formerly 
in possession of the Harbottles, and, in 1551, Dame Eleanor Percy leased 
three salt pans on the south side of the river at ' Cammosse-ford,' with coal 
mines for them, to Thomas Harbottle of Horton." These were subsequently 
leased by the Crown in 1576, after the attainder of the seventh earl of 
Northumberland, to Ralph Harbottle with wayleave and wood from the 
queen's woods for timbering the pits.'" 

The produce of the mines seems at this period to have been almost 
wholly consumed in the manufacture of salt, for which the river gave an 
outlet to the various markets down the east coast, at Yarmouth, where it 

' Tynemouth Chartulary, fol. 33 b. ' Newminstcr Chartnlary, Surt. Soc. No. 66, pp. 45, 47, etc. 

' Land Revenue Enrolments, vol. clxxiii. fol. 210 d. ' Ibid. fol. 189. 

' Augmentation Office, Enrolments of Leases, 17 Eliz. roll 13, No. 2. 

° Land Revenue Enrolments, vol. clxxxvii. p. 201. ' Ibid. 

" Augmentation Office, Transcripts of Leases, 34 Eliz. No. 45. 

' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. '" Patent Roll, 18 Eliz. pt. 5. 





















^* '^ 




. */ 

<> \\'.'-^ 

^'Z'. J. K^- .■ 


■ .-v 












HI < 






■ . — .^^tsm-uA 













was used for herring curing, and in the Humber and elsewhere. Hartley 
was also a large salt-producing village at the time, shipping part of its 
output at Blyth. The works at Hartley were the property of Sir Robert 
Delaval, who, in 1576, extended his operations and became the tenant of 
the pans and mines at Blyth' formerly the property of Newminster abbey. 
These had been leased by the Crown after the dissolution to Richard 
Tyrrel of London in 1546,^ passing from his hands into those of Sir Thomas 
Grey in 1547^ before they were assigned to Delaval.' 

The general system of leasing by the Crown appears to have consisted 
roughly in the allotment to each lessee of two salt pans with a coal pit, 
the coal lease being one of so many picks or men's work without any 
boundaries being set out. The lessees had the right to sink pits where 
they chose, with liberty of ' vvayleave and stayleave,' the area worked by 
each pit being regulated by an old custom agreed upon by the ' farmers 
of the queen's coal mines,' to the effect that ' every farmer's pitmark should 
be distant from one another thirty fathom to the rise of the coal, Fifteen 
fathom to the descent of the coal, and twenty fathom sideways iVom each 
side of the pit to be sunk.'* These limits would include nearly one- 
and-a-half acres as the ground to be worked by each pit, though whether 
they were adhered to seems to be questionable, judging from an old 
plan of very little later date, from which it would appear that the shafts 
were irregularly placed and at smaller distances apart than those above 

Towards the end of the sixteenth century the working of the Crown 
mines seems to have been almost altogether discontinued and the lessees 
ceased to pay rent, by reason, as it was alleged, of the ' decay of the 
coal mines.' ' 

In 1595, however, a new departure was made, and in that year the 
Crown leased to Peter Delaval, a London merchant, alreadv embarked in 
the coal trade at Preston, and Ambrose Dudley, the whole of its coal 
mines in the fields of Cowpen and Bebside, with nine salt pans.** Opposi- 
tion was made to Delaval and his partners, John Heighlord and Robert 
Waldo of London (the assigns of Dudley), by John Preston, a freeholder 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. " Augmentation Office Miscellaneous Books, vol. cc.wii. fol. i8S. 

^ Newminster Chartulary, Surt. See. No. 66, p. 311. ' Exchequer Special Commission, No. 4,347. 

' Exchequer Depositions, 41 Eliz. Easter, No. 19. " Ibid. 

' Ibid. 39 Eliz. Hilary, No. 11. ' Cal. State Papers, Domestic, 1595-1597, p. 16. 

\'OL. IX. 29 


and owner of three salt pans in Cowpen, who asserted that he was the 
holder of a lease of two picks under the Crown,' but failed to substantiate 
his claim in an action which he brought in 1596.^ 

Delaval and his partners commenced to develop their property 
vigorously. They expended capital in sinking fresh pits and in erecting 
new salt pans and repairing the old ones. The pits at this period were 
situated on land known as ' Cowpon easte fielde,'' then used as common 
land and lately laid down from tillage under the system at that time in 
vogue. It may reasonably be assumed that the ground in question lav to 
the east of the present village of Cowpen adjoining the river, on the 
neighbouring banks of which it appears that four of the salt pans were 
placed, the remainder being probably nearer the sea. 

The seam worked must have been that known locally as the ' Moorland 
seam,' which lies at a depth of about eight fathoms below the surface near 
Cowpen village, the cover increasing to about twenty fathoms in the vicinity 
of the Cowpen North pit. This is confirmed by the statement made in 
the record of the survey of the king's mines in 1621, to the effect that 
the pits formerly worked were 'eight or nine fathoms deep, the seam about 
seven quarters of bad quality being an open salt-pan coal.' * This seam 
produced a coarse class of coal, fitted only for salt making, and unsuited 
for the coasting trade in coal which was then chiefly situated on the Tyne. 
In 1609 the shipments of coal from Blyth amounted to only 855 tons,'^ 
and it is evident that the trade of the port was then entirely dependent 
on the manufacture of salt, to which coal mining was subsidiary. 

The Crown lessees encountered further opposition in their undertaking 
in 1599, owing to an attempt made by certain freeholders to work the coal 
underlying the strips or ' riggs ' of ground'' which had been held by them 
when the land had been in tillage. An action was consequently brought 
by Delaval and his partners against John Preston, Richard Preston and 
Cuthbert Watson, who had commenced working coal under ' riggs,' 
formerly occupied by themselves and other freeholders, carrying away the 

' Exchequer Depositions, 39 Eliz. Hilar>', No. 11. 

■ Exchequer Decrees and Orders, series i. vol. xxv. 

" Exchequer Depositions, 41 Ehz. Easter, No. 19. 

' Land Revenue Miscellaneous Books, vol. clxxxvi. fol. ii6d. 

' T. J. Taylor in Proc. Arch. Inst. Newcastle, vol. i. p. 178. 

' Exchequer Depositions, 41 Eliz. Easter, No. 19. 


produce of their pits over the Crown lands to salt pans owned by John 
Preston, and working the coal, as it was alleged, unskilfully and in such 
a way as to cause ' danger of water entering the mines of the queen's 
fanners and of the roof falling and destroying the mines.' The freeholders 
alleged that the Crown had no right to work under their ' riggs ' except 
by composition with them.' There is, however, no record to be found of 
the result of the controversy, though it seems probable that, with the 
exception of the Widdringtons, who had allowed the coal under their riggs 
to be worked by the Prestons, and whose rights were based on an alleged 
composition with the monastery of Tynemouth (subsequently safeguarded 
in the division of the lands of Cowpen in 1619)," the freeholders failed to 
make good their claim. 

Delaval was unfortunate in his ventures and failed before 1602. His 
partners did not continue to carry on the concern and assigned the lease to 
Thomas Harbottle of Horton-Stickley,' who in turn appears to have handed 
it on to a company of capitalists from the Midlands, consisting of Sir 
John Ashburnham of Nottingham, Huntington Beaumont of Bilborough, 
near the same town, his brother-in-law Sir Henry Barkeley of Wymondham, 
Matthew Saunders of Shankton in Leicestershire, and Richard Paramore.^ 

The Midland lessees seem to have been as unsuccessful as the 
Londoners, and were soon forced to rearrange affairs and to fall back 
again on London for further supplies. These were afforded by Edward 
Rotherani, alderman, Robert Bowzer and Robert Angell, merchants, of 
London, who were to receive 2,000 chalders of coal and the benefit of 
two salt pans yearly, Saunders and Paramore guaranteeing the expenditure 
of ;^2,ooo on the works in return for a third share of the Ashburnham, 
Barkeley and Beaumont interest. No better results followed the efforts 
of Saunders and Paramore, as, after spending ' great summes ' on the salt 
pans and pits, they were compelled to cease operations and desert the 
works two years later.' Their pits were situated both in Cowpen and 
Bebside and were connected with the river by means of wooden wagon- 
ways,'' apparently the earliest recorded instance of this means of conveyance, 
which did not come into general use in the district until considerably 
later on in the century. 

' Exchequer Depositions, 41 Eliz. Easter No. 19. " Deed of partition, 1619. 

' Land Revenue Miscellaneous Books, vol. cxcii. p. 317 d. ' Ihid. vol. cciii. p. 20. 

^ Ibid. p. 37. ' Ibid. vol. ccii. fol. 197 d. 


After Paramore and Saunders retired, their plant, botii at Bebside 
and Cowpen, was appropriated by others. Edward 'Delaval of Bebside, 
made free with the 'rayles sett upon the land and ground of Bebside for 
five hundred paces on the wagonway on both sides of the way,' while a 
similar length of way in Cowpen, together with the keels and other 
'utensils and implements,' was taken possession of by John White, 
Alexander Osborne and others,' who entered upon the mines as farmers 
of the Ashburnham and Beaumont interest and occupied them for a further 
period of three years, when they finally ceased to be worked. 

The history of the declining days of the local coal and salt industry 
at this period has been given in some detail as an instance of the readiness 
with which capital from London and the south was then generally secured 
in connection with north-country mines. Mining then no doubt, as it has 
done ever since, offered the prospect of large returns to the investor, on 
whom, in his ignorance of the uncertain and risky nature of the business, 
the much talked of successes of the few made a far deeper impression 
than the fate of less fortunate speculators. 

William Gray, in his Chorographia published in 1649, reflects on 
the uncertainty of coal mining in the district and sums up his observations 
with the remark that colliery owning constitutes ' a great charge, the profit 
uncertain.' Neither did the south-country investor escape his attention, 
for he continues : ' Some south gentlemen hath, upon great hope of 
benefit, come into this country to hazard their monies in coale-pits. 
Master Beamont, a gentleman of great ingenuity and rare parts, adventured 
into our mines with his twenty thousand pounds ; who brought with him 
many rare engines, not known then in these parts ; as the art to boore with 
iron rodds to try the deepnesse and thicknesse of the cole ; rare engines 
to draw water out of the pits ; waggons with one horse to carry down 
coales from the pits to the staithes to the river, etc. Within few yeares, 
he consumed all his money, and rode home upon his light horse.' 

It is curious that, beyond the reference in the above well-known pass- 
age, no mention has hitherto been discovered of the doings of Beaumont or 
Beamont in the district. That his appearance must have taken place early 
in the seventeenth century, or sooner, seems to be proved by the fact that 
the art of boring was known here as early as 161 5. At that date it does 

Land Revenue Miscellaneous Books, vol. ccii. fol. 197 d. 


not appear to have been very generally practised, mention being made in 
a letter written in t4iat year by the earl of Northumberland's agent at 
Tynemouth' of the difficulty he experienced in olnaining a borer, the 
only available one being in the employ of his competitors at Newcastle, 
who put off his ' earnest sute ' for help with ' vaine hope.' The same 
document contains a note in the earl's handwriting with reference to 
boring, to the eiFect that ' they trv in Sussex for iron-myne mutch in the 
same fashion.' It is evident therefore that the date at which Huntington 
Beaumont became one of the lessees at Cowpen corresponds with that 
of the probable introduction of boring into the north, and his identity 
with the celebrated individual of the same name seems to be further 
accentuated by the fact that wooden wagonways (the 'waggons with one 
horse to carry down coales from the pits to the staithes') were established 
at Cowpen and Bebside at a date which is evidently much in advance of 
their general introduction, a mention of wagonways in 1660 having hitherto 
been considered as the first distinct allusion to their use in the district.^ 
That Huntington Beaumont was identical with Gray's unfortunate 
Beamont there seems to be no reason to doubt. The tradition that he 
gave his name to the Beaumont seam ^ may point to the probability of 
his having had mining interests elsewhere than at Cowpen, which may 
have accounted for a part of his supposed losses^ ; but, on the other hand. 
Gray, writing at a considerably later date, was evidently uncertain of the 
total, as in his corrected proofs he largely reduced the figure he had origin- 
ally stated.^ In any case Beaumont appears to have exercised personal 
supervision at Cowpen, for he lived at Bebside hall, of which he is 
described in 16 iS as having been lately the tenant with Dorothy Delaval 
and Edward Delaval." It was probably from that house that he set off on 
his ' light horse ' for his home at Bilborough, a mining village near Notting- 
ham, where he died at the age of 62 in 1623.' He was a younger son of 
Nicholas Beaumont or Beamont, the owner of the Cole-Orton estate in 

' Duke of Northumberland's MSS. ' Pivc. Arch. Inst. Naccasth; vol. i. p. i8o. 

" Galloway, Annals of Coal Mining, p. 152. 

' Beaumont also held a lease of coal in Bedlington in partnership with Sir Percival Willoughby, 
William Angell, Robert Angell, and Robert Bower. Raine, North Durham, p. 364, note. The two last 
named persons were likewise partners with Beaumont in the Cowpen mines. 

* Reprint of Chorographia, 1SS3. ' Erumell deeds, No. 33. 

' Bilborough Parish Registers. On April 22nd 1624, administration of his goods was granted to his 
widow, Joan Beaumont. York Probate Court, Nottingham .^ct Book, p. 4. 


Leicestershire,' and, in his day, the hirgest coalowner in llial county, as 
well as proprietor of an estate at Bedworth in Warwickshire on which 
coal was also worked. Huntington Beaumont must therefore have been 
brought up amongst surroundings which influenced his genius for mining. 
It is thought that, as his 'rare engines' practically all originated from 
Germany, he may have visited that country in his early days, but of this 
there is no record to be obtained. 

In the survey of the king's coal mines, made in 1621,- it is mentioned 
with regard to Cowpen that ' there are no coal pits wrought there,' but 
notwithstanding this the Crown continued to let the coal, a lease of the 
mines, with four salt pans, being taken by David Errington in 1636 for 
twenty-one years.' Errington did not make any use of his lease, and in 
the particulars taken by order of the Commonwealth commissioners for the 
sale of Crown lands in 1649,'' it is stated that the colliery and salt pans had 
been found to be a ' meere wast ' and unoccupied by Errington, who had 
paid no rent. The property was sold in 1650,^ though at the Restoration 
the sale was treated as invalid and the Crown resumed possession. In 1681 
a lease was granted to William Urwyn for thirty-one years,^ a second in 
1697 to Edward Hindmarsh of Little Benton for fifteen years,' and a third 
in 1737 to Robert Douglas." A small yearly rent was reserved by these 
leases with the addition of one-tenth of the profits. No rent, however, 
was paid and no mining operations were ever undertaken. 

The decay of the coal mines in the Blyth neighbourhood seems to have 
been general during the remainder of the seventeenth century. There is, 
however, some evidence of shipments having been made during this period, 
but the trade can only have been a very limited one, although it was of 
sufficient importance to procure the inclusion of Blyth, along with New- 
castle and Sunderland, in an ordinance passed in 1643 prohibiting the 
export of coal from those ports during the Civil War." 

As there is no further trace of coal having been mined at Cowpen until 
1 7 10, when Stephen Mitford appears to have been engaged in working on 

' Nichols, History of Lekestcrsliirc, vol. iii. p. 744. 

" Land Revenue Miscellaneous Books, vol. clxxxvi. fol. ii6d. 

' Cat. State Papers Domestic, 1635-1636, p. 305. 

■" Parliamentary Surveys, Northumberland, No. 2. 

' Particulars for sale of Crown lands, O.i. 

" Land Revenue Enrolments, vol. ccvii. fol. 26. ' Ihid. fol. 77. 

" Cal. Treasury Books ami Papers, 1735-173S, p. 230. ' House of Lords Journals, vol. v. p. 555. 


Mr. Sidney's estate,' it seems probable that the source from which these 
supplies were obtained were the small collieries which had already been 
established some five miles or more to the west of Blyth in the neighbour- 
hood of Plessey. These pits lay near to the outcrop of the lower seams, 
from which coal of a better quality than that hitherto found at Cowpen 
could be won at little depth, but, through the absence of proper means of 
transport, could not be carried readily to the seaboard. 

Towards the close of the centurv attention seems to have been turned 
to these inland collieries and to Blyth as an outlet for their produce. From 
1688 to 1692 was a highly speculative period in the city of London when, 
amongst many other joint stock companies, a 'Blyth Coal Company' was 
formed.^ About this date the Plessev and Newsham estates were purchased 
by Ralph Brandling of Felling and Nathaniel Wyresdale of London,^ who, 
there is reason to believe, were acting as agents for a London company 
interested in securing Blyth as a convenient place for shipping the Plessey 
coal. Their scheme must, however, have fallen through, as not long after- 
wards the whole undertaking was made over to Colonel Thomas Radcliffe,'* 
who, in 1699, leased Plessey colliery to George Errington of Gray's Inn.* 

In 1709 Errington secured from Sir John Delaval a right of wayleave 
through his Horton estate for the purpose of leading coals to 'the river of 
Blyth or Blythe's Nook"' along the well known 'Plessey wagonway,' which 
had been constructed before his tenancy commenced,' and was the means of 
establishing Blvth in a firm position as a coal-shipping port. The wagon- 
wav was of the then usual wooden type, and is described in 1716 as 
extending over a distance of about five and a half miles, terminating in a 
'large trunck or gallery to lay coals at the water side and to load ships 
from,' near which a quay and two salt pans had been established.* The 
remains of the wav from Plessey throusfh Horton are still discernible in 
many places, and the road from Newsham to Blyth occupies its site farther 
eastwards up to the present staiths at Blyth. The life of the wagonway was 
a long one, for it continued to be used as an outlet for the Plessey collieries 
until they were finally laid in upwards of 100 years after its formation." 

' Mr. Henry Sidney's deeds. 

- Macaulay, History oj England, 1st edition, vol. iv. p. 321. ' See above, p. 219. ' Ibid. 

* Forfeited Estates Papers, W 37 a. George Errington, son of Nicholas Errington of Ponteland, 
was admitted to Gray's Inn on January 27th, 1674/5. Grays Inn Admission Register, p. 320. 
' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. ' Forfeited Estates Papers, W 37 a. 

' Ibid. P 29. ° Lord Ridley's estate books. 



Errington, in 1709, parted with his interest in the undertaking to 
William Bowman, a London merchant,' who, with his partners, carried it 
on, though with such poor results that, by 1713,^ the control had virtually 
passed out of their hands into those of Lord Widdrington, already the owner 
of collieries at Stella and Winlaton. Operations at this time were on a very 
modest scale, the three small pits at work affording sufficient coal for the 
two salt-pans at Blyth and four others' on the opposite side of the river, as 
well as 'ship coals' for the export trade ; and, no doubt, the wagonway, with 
the new quay and 'trunck,' which had been built in 1715,* was capable of 
dealing with larger quantities than the 300 tons of salt and 8,000 tons of coal 
which constituted the sea-borne trade of that year. 

With the attainder of Lord Widdrington and Colonel Radcliffe's heirs in 
consequence of their share in the rising of 171 5, the Plessey and Newsham 
estates passed to the Crown, and, in 1722, they were purchased by Richard 
Ridley and Company of Newcastle, who took over the working of the 
collieries themselves, and appear to have carried on their business with 
great spirit, the leadings from Plessey to Blyth amounting to about 58,000 
tons in 1723/ 

Collieries had also been established at West Hartford about this date. 
The coal under this estate was purchased in 1689 by Robert Wright of 
Sedgefield and John Spearman of Hetton, in the county of Durham,'' who 
in 1719 took a way leave lease over Horton from Admiral George Uelaval, 
in which it was stipulated that they should ' set apart and dowell out some 
convenient place on the south side of the river Blyth within the liberties 
of Newsham, wherein they have an estate for building staiths and wharves 
for the said West Hartford collieries,' to be used by Admiral Delaval for 
the purpose of building a wharf.' 

Although no trace of Wright and Spearman's wagonway remains, there 
seems to be no reason to doubt that one was constructed and used by 
them for shipping coal from West Hartford, part of their plant having been 
bought by the Ridleys,- who by 1728 had absorbed the West Hartford 

In 1730 Richard and Nicholas Ridley were carrying on an extensive 

' Forfeited Estates Papers, W 37 ,1. - Iliid. "/&;./. W 31. ' Ibiii. 

' Wallace, History of Blyth, p. 157. ' Lord Ridley's deeds. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. " Wallace, History of Blyth, p. i 56. 

' John Ilorsley, hicditcd Contributions to the History of Northumberland, p. 47. 


business at Blyth as general merchants and colliery owners.' They held 
command of the whole of the trade from the Plessey and Hartford collieries 
and had already extended the quay between the keel and boat docks, 
which had been built in 1715. 

In 1734 the quantity of coal brought to Blyth from Plessey fell little 
short of 80,000 tons; of this about 2,700 tons were sent 'oversea,' the 
remainder being shipped coastwise, with the exception of that utilized in 
the manufacture of salt. The Ridleys had at this time fourteen salt pans at 
work, six of which had been transferred from CuUercoats in 1726, and their 
annual output of salt had reached 1,000 tons.' 

Towards the close of the seventeenth century Bebside had again 
become a field for mining speculators, for in 1692 Thomas Ogle of Bedling- 
ton leased his land and collieries there to Sir Richard Neile of Plessey 
and John Pye of London, who covenanted not to cease working them 
for more than six months, 'unless hindered for want of wind to their mills 
and engines, or superfluity of water and styth, or a general obstruction of 
the coal trade.' ^ The position of these pits is doubtful, but probably they 
were not far from the river, which was used by the lessees as a means 
of conveying the produce of the upper and poorer seams to Blyth. In 
1702, Ogle sold Bebside to John Johnson, a Newcastle hostman,^ who 
presumably continued to work the mines, as, by his will made in 1727, 
he left his colliery at Bebside to his son-in-law, Matthew White of Blagdon, 
and his daughter, Mary Johnson, as tenants in common.^ Although mention 
is made of these mines at later dates, nothing is known of their subsequent 
working, and it may be surmised that, through lack of adequate means 
of transport and proper shipping facilities, they failed to make headway 
and so were discontinued. 

During the remainder of the eighteenth century the Ridleys practically 
controlled the coal trade at Blyth. They had secured the whole of the 
collieries in the Plessey district, where they worked the Low Main seam, 
then known as the 'Plessey Main coal,' and were owners of the only 
shipping quay at Blyth. Although the small amount of foreign trade which 
had existed during the early part of the century dwindled away after 
1743'^ in consequence of the increase in the export duties, the coasting trade 

' Wallace, History of Blyth, p. 38. ^ Ibid. 

" Mansell trustees' deeds. ' Ibid. ^ Ibid. ^ Blyth harbour books. 

Vol.. IX. 30 


continued to afford a steady market for the output of the pits. But the 
closing years of the century brought with them the prospect of competition 
in the trade. It began by the opening of a small colliery in the neighbour- 
hood of Bedlington, the proprietors of which, Messrs. Gatty and Waller, 
secured from the bishop of Durham a quay on the north side of the river 
near the site of the present Cambois staiths.' Gatty and Waller's colliery, 
however, proved a failure, and the quay was bought up by Sir Matthew 
White Ridley, who also acquired the colliery and removed the pumping 
engine to Plessey, where his mines, then carried to a depth of forty-six 
fathoms, were hard pressed by water.^ 

In 1793 further opposition took place with the commencement of a 
colliery on the adjoining estate of Cowpen, the property of the Bowes 
family, then represented by Margaret Wanley-Bowes, Thomas Thoroton 
and Anne his wife, and the Rev. Robert Croft and his wife Elizabeth.^ In 
1782 a borehole had been put down on the estate proving the existence 
of the Low Main seam, or Plessey Main coal, at a depth of ninety-two 
fathoms from the surface.^ 

To win this seam so far in advance of the pits then working at Plessey 
and at such a greatly increased depth was a considerable undertaking and one 
which the lessors were in 1 792 advised must be ' attended with uncertainty, 
great difficulty and much expense.'* No doubt, however, the prospect of so 
ready a mode of disposing of its produce as was offered by the river, and the 
large area of coal which a colliery at Cowpen would command, must have 
been a great temptation to anyone who had turned his thoughts towards 
such a venture, and, in spite of the prospective difficulties, a winning was 
commenced in 1794.'^ The adventurers were Martin Morrison of White- 
house, in the county of Durham, Stephen Croft of Stillington near York, 
John Clark (already interested in rope-making and shipping at Blyth), 
William Row, a Newcastle merchant, Aubone Surtees and John Surtees of 
the same town,' the scene of their operations being at the ' A ' pit, near the 
present colliery office, which was built at the same time. With the winning 
of Cowpen the period of deep mining in the Blyth district may be said 

' John Buddie's papers. 

' Watson papers, North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers. 

' Ibid. 

' North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers, Borings and Sinkings, No. 584. 

' Watson papers. ■■ [hid. ' Ibid. 



to have commenced, and, as it is by far the oldest of the collieries now 
working in the district, having at the present date been in continuous 
operation for upwards of iio years, some details of its early struggles may 
be of interest. 

By the beginning of 1795 good progress had been made at Cowpen, 
the upper seams had been reached and the pit was being pushed on to 
the Low Main,' which was opened out and ready to commence work by 



Cowpen Collierv Office. 

May, 1797, the shaft being fitted with a pumping engine and two 'machines' 
or winding machines for drawing coal from the Yard and Low Main seams 
respectively.^ The colliery was connected by a wagonway with a shipping 
place on the river at the ' Flanker,' or mouth of the tidal area, called the 
'Gut,' which extended inland as far as Crofton and formed the eastern 
boundary of Cowpen township. 

' Watson papers. 

'' Bell, MS. History of the Coal Trade, North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical 


It was not an nnusnal practice at this period for colliery lessees to let 
the working and leading of the coal to contractors, who fonnd all labour 
and stores and were paid at a fixed rate on the coal delivered at the staith. 
The colliery commenced regular work on this principle, the first ' under- 
takers,' as they were termed, being John Clark, one of the lessees, and three 
coal viewers, John Gray of Newcastle, Richard Hodgson of Plessey, and 
Richard Smith of Shotton,' the two last named bringing mining experience 
gained in the Plessey district to the assistance of the partnership, which was 
dissolved four years afterwards,^ the working of the colliery being sub- 
sequently carried on by the lessees themselves. 

In its early days the colliery seems to have been beset by difficulties. 
A market for its produce had to be secured in spite of the opposition of the 
loncj-established Plessev collieries with their more convenientlv situated 
place of shipment and, as the Blyth trade was then a limited one and mainly 
confined to the coast ports, the London market for this class of coal with 
its higher prices being to a very large degree in the hands of the Hartley 
colliery owners,^ the output which it was possible to secure for Cowpen 
must have been quite incommensurate with the standing charges of so deep 
a winning. 

Like the deeper collieries of the Tyne basin, it had also to face 
mining difficulties caused by want of experience in methods of working coal 
at increased depths, and by ventilating appliances which were inadequate 
for the more extended areas attached to each of the deeper shafts. It was 
found necessary, therefore, as early as 1799 to prepare for the expenditure 
of fresh capital in sinking the ' B ' or North pit to win the Low Main near 
the river at a depth of 109 fathoms.^ This task was completed and the 
pit got to work in 1804, a branch line connecting it with the wagonway 
from the ' A ' pit to the Flanker. Operations were now chiefly confined 
to the ' B ' pit Low Main and, after the termination of the expenditure on it 
and the staiths, matters went on more smoothly for a time, although the 
yearly output was only about 48,000 tons, until about 18 12, when the 
occurrence of a creep in the ' A ' pit old workings caused great anxiety and 
expense.* The ill-success of the enterprise soon led to changes in the 
ownership, resulting, about 181 1, in Mr. Taylor Winship becoming a partner 

' Mr. Crawford Hodgson's deeds. - Bell, A/5. History of tJie Coal Trade. 

^ Watson papers. ' Ibid. ' Ibid. 


and assuming the direction of affairs. Shortly afterwards overtures were 
made to Sir Matthew White Ridley with a view to puttini^f an end to the 
competition of the Plessey collieries. The whole of the trade from Blvth 
had for the six years previous to iS[2 averaged about 80,000 tons a year, 
and it was suggested that, as the Hartley owners were not likely to be able 
to increase their vend owing to the confined nature of their harbour, the 
closing of the Plessey pits would bring about a large addition to the Cowpen 
vend and result in an increase of profit greatly exceeding the cost of com- 
pensating Sir Matthew White Ridley for his withdrawal from the struggle.' 

The fact that the Plessey pits, which had been in working for over 
100 years as sea-sale collieries, had by this time largely exhausted their 
resources and that the expense of making fresh openings to the dip could 
hardly be warranted in the face of the Cowpen competition, must have 
greatly influenced Sir Matthew Ridley in consenting to these proposals. In 
August, 1813, the last of the Plessey pits, the 'View,' was laid in" and the 
Cowpen owners were freed from serious competition in the Blyth trade. 
They were also able to secure the use of Sir Matthew's shipping quay at 
Blyth, which was at once connected with the ' A ' pit wagonvvay and 
thenceforward formed the shipping place for Cowpen. 

Trouble from the creep having shut off the coal to the south of the 
'A' pit, the lessees were driven northwards, and in 1816 commenced 
working the Low Main to the 'B' pit under portions of the Cambois and 
East Sleekburn estates, of which they had secured leases respectively from 
Sir Matthew White Ridley and Mr. William Watson of North Seaton.^ 

Sir Matthew Ridley had, before 181 7, secured an interest in the con- 
cern, and in 1820 held five of the nine shares into which the property was 
divided, the Rev. Robert Croft being proprietor of two and Mr. Taylor 
Winship of the remainder. Mr. Winship, some time prior to his death 
in 1822, seems to have parted with his interest to Sir Matthew, although he 
continued to act as the colliery agent, and by the beginning of 1823 Sir 
Matthew had acquired Mr. Croft's shares and become the sole owner of the 
colliery,^ which was then in by no means a prosperous state. It had indeed, 
according to Mr. Croft in 1821, made no return to the owners for many 
years, his investment as an original partner of ;^ 1 1,000 having only produced 
_^8oo in the shape of dividends during a period of about 25 years.' 

' Watson papers. - Lord Ridley's estate books. ' Watson papers. * Ibid. ' Ibid. 


To Sir Matthew Ridley the prospect can hardly have been inviting. 
There had been a heavy expenditure on the eight ships owned by the colliery 
company and on a new main pumping engine, which, with the working losses 
on the colliery and farms, was responsible for a very large bank-debt. 
Trade was bad and competition so excessive through the absence of any 
' regulation ' on the Tyne as to lead his agent to express the belief that 
'should the fight continue much longer, many will be slain,' although an 
arrangement had been come to between Hartley and Cowpen as competitors 
in the London and coasting markets. Fears were moreover entertained of 
competition nearer home, as small collieries were being opened out higher 
up the river.' Of these the nearest was that at High Cowpen on the Purvis 
and Errington estate, the coal under which was leased to Joseph Willis 
and Thomas King^ and a winning commenced in 1823. 

Two shafts were sunk to a depth of about twenty fathoms,' apparently 
to the High Main seam, one close to the river side, and the other, named 
the King pit, some distance awav to the south of the river, to which it had 
access by means of a wagonway and inclined plane. The enterprise was 
an ill-advised one and speedily ended in disaster, as the coal brought 
down to Blyth in keels could not hope to compete with the better quality 
of the Low Main loaded at the staiths. King withdrew from the concern 
early in 1824, and his disappointed partners closed the pits during the 
same year and sold off the stock in 1825.'' 

Several small collieries had also been established in the Bedlington 
neighbourhood, shipping their produce on the north side of the river into 
keels, which loaded it into vessels, generally in the vicinity of the Link 
end, on the north side of the river and opposite the Blyth staiths. Of 
these, Netherton colliery commenced shipping about 1819,^ having a keel 
staith near the mouth of the Sleekburn gut, while other small pits at 
Barrington and Bedlington loaded at quays near the well-known Bedlington 
iron works. The disadvantages, however, attached to the method of ship- 
ment by keels must have been so great that it is not surprising to find 
that the contributions of the up-river pits to the trade of the port continued 
to be insignificant until railway access was provided for them later on in 
the century. 

' Watson papers. " Purvis and Errington papers. 

' Bell, MS. Histury of the Coal Trade. ' Ibid. ^ Wallace, History of Blyth, p. 162. 


By 1828 matters bad improved somewhat at Covvpen, and tlie vend 
to sea had increased to upwards of 80,000 tons, both the 'A' and ' B' pits 
being employed in raising coal from the Yard and Low Main seams. 
In 1829, the 'B' pit winding engine was burnt and recourse was had to 
the Low Main coal under a portion of Sir Matthew Ridley's Newsham 
estate which was attached to the ' A ' pit, while to the west a further 
extension of territory was provided by the purchase in 1833 of the coal 
underlying the property of Mr. Edmund Hannay Watts. ^ 

In 1836, Sir Matthew Ridley died, and in 1838 his successor let the 
whole undertaking to Messrs. Carr and Jobling," the lessees of the Hartley 
collieries and competitors of Cowpen, who became tenants of the colliery 
and harbour, together with the Newsham royalty, on which they covenanted 
to make an independent winning during the term of the lease. The 
Joblings parted with their interest in 1847,^ and, when a new lease was 
executed in 1848, the partnership consisted of John, George, William, 
Edward and Charles Carr, Nathaniel Grace Lambert, Ralph Park Philipson 
and John Potts. ^ In 1840, the Cowpen owners took the coal under the 
properties of Messrs. M. J. F. Sidney and William Harbottle at Cowpen,^ 
on which they sunk the Isabella pit in 1848, to open out the Low Main at 
a depth of 1 1 1 fathoms. They connected it with the railway, which had, 
in 1847, been made by them between Blyth and Hartley for the purpose 
of securing an outlet to the Tyne along the line constructed from Seghill 
to Hay Hole in 1840, and subsequently extended to Hartley, the whole 
system forming the 'Blyth and Tvne Railway.'" In 1850, a large portion 
of Lord Barrington's royalty at East Sleekburn, then held by the owners 
of Bedlington colliery, which had commenced operations in 1837, was sub- 
leased by the ow-ners of that colliery, Messrs. Thomas Davison and partners, 
to the Cowpen company and attached to the ' B ' pit, from which it was 
worked until it was given up by Messrs. Carr's successors in 1865.' In 
return for this the Cowpen owners, as proprietors of the Blyth and Tyne 
Railway, gave Bedlington colliery access to the Tyne (but not to Blyth) 
by means of a branch line from Bedlington to Newsham, constructed by 
the Bedlington Company. The output of this company had hitherto been 
carried on under great disadvantages owing to the only outlet for shipment 

' w 

Watson papers. - Lord Ridley's MSS. ' Mr. T. E. Forster"s MSS. ' Ibhl. ^ Ibid. 

See vol. viii. of this series, p. 5^. ' Mr. T. E. Forster's MSS. 


being afforded by the Netherton Company's wagonway and staith at 
Sleekburn gut, whence an unsuccessful attempt had been made to secure 
access to the Tyne by means of a steamer on which loaded wagons were 
placed at the gut to be conveyed to the Tyne and there discharged into 

Blyth had hitherto been carefully safeguarded as the shipping port for 
Cowpen colliery only, and its trade continued to be confined almost wholly 
to the London and coast markets until the abolition of the coal export 
duties, in 1845 and 1850, threw open to East Northumberland the market 
necessary for its rapid development, and still of such vital importance to the 
prosperity of the district.' 

After the establishment of the line to Bedlington, arrangements were 
made securing power to ship a limited quantity of coal at Blyth from outside 
collieries and, in 1851, agreements were entered into for shipping coals from 
Netherton and Barrington collieries.^ With 1852 came the Act incorporat- 
ing the Blyth and Tyne as a public railway and the opening to the district 
generally of free access to Blyth, where new and improved staiths had been 
built by the railway company on the site of the old ones, as well as to the 
Tyne at Hav Hole. In 1857 the railway company, under the powers of 
their Act, bought up the Bedlington company's branch railway, which they 
subsequently extended to Morpeth. 

In 1828 a lease of Purvis and Errington's coal at High Cowpen was 
granted to Michael Longridge, Michael Gordon and John Biddulph,' of 
Gordon, Biddulph and Company, at that time the proprietors of the Bed- 
lington ironworks, but, beyond putting down a borehole near the river,* the 
lessees appear to have done nothing, their interest being subsequently trans- 
ferred to Messrs. Carr and Jobling who, in 1840, proposed to work the 
royalty by outstroke from Cowpen.* A new lease was taken in 1854 by 
Messrs. Robert Byas, George Jobling, Nathaniel Lambert, George Cruddas, 
Robert Nicholson, Thomas Gordon and Francis Lambert," who then sunk 
Bebside colliery in close proximity to the railway in order to work the coal 
under this property and the adjoining Bebside estate.' 

' Exports remained untaxed until 1901, when a duty of one shilling a ton was imposed on coal sold 
above six shillings. This duty was repealed in 1906. 

" Mr. T. E. Forster's MSS. ^ Purvis and Errington papers. 

■" Borings and Sinkings, No. 95. ' Purvis and Errington papers. " Ibid. 

' Held under a lease from May, 1S48, by John Lambert, Mark Lambert, and Thomas William 
Jobling. Mr. T. E. Jobling's papers. 






Pits shewn thus # 


Disused Wagonwavs 

Towns and Villages '''^.' 

Outcrops of Seams 

?^ to' 

H-t t— 1 HH l-H 



I'L. I TK 1 1 

f ST NtWCASiLt o«T¥tl( 


The Low Main was reached at a depth of ninety-three fathoms in 1855, 
and the first cargo of coal was shipped at Blyth on May 12th of that year.' 
The partnership has to a large extent continued unaltered down to the 
present day, the hrm, now known as the Bebside Coal Company, for many 
years having also carried on the Choppington collieries in conjunction with 
Bebside, where the Low Main, Yard, Plessey and other seams have been 
worked extensively by means of the original winning. 

In 1858 the Carrs parted with the whole of their colliery interest in 
Seghill and Cowpen collieries, retaining Hartley alone. Cowpen was pur- 
chased by Messrs. Joseph and John Straker, John and William Isaac 
Cookson, William Cuthbert, John Henderson, John and Matthew Liddell, 
Thomas Emerson Forster and George Baker Forster, who subsequently 
amalgamated with the owners of North Seaton Colliery, Messrs. Hugh, 
Thomas John and John Tavlor, Joseph and John Straker, John Coppin 
and Charles John Lamb, forming the Cowpen and North Seaton Coal 
Company, now the Cowpen Coal Company.^ 

The new lessees opened out the coal on the Newsham estate in i860 by 
means of a winning, known as the Hannah pit, which reached the Low Main 
at a depth of ninety-nine fathoms, and continued to work that seam until 
1877, when the pit was laid in and subsequently used as a ventilating shaft. 

The year i860 brought also the winning of the coal under the portion 
of Lord Hastings' estates lying in Horton by the owners of Seaton Delaval 
colliery. The original colliery at Seaton Delaval, opened out in 1838 by 
Messrs. Joseph Lamb, William Wharton Burdon, Thomas Barnes and John 
Straker,^ had proved to be of a very disappointing nature, but with the 
sinking of the Forster pit to the Low Main, here lying at a depth of 114 
fathoms, a great change took place. The northern end of the estate was 
opened out by this pit, and the Low Main, Yard and other seams have since 
been successfully worked by means of it and the Richard pit, sunk close 
by to the Yard seam in 1870, and the Relief pit, in 1885, nearer Seaton 
Delaval, the whole being connected with the old colliery and thence with 
the Tvne by means of the Cramlington Company's railway. 

In 1866 the owners of the Cramlington collieries, which had been 
started in 1824 by Messrs. Joseph Lamb, William Potter, John Straker, 
William Scott and Thomas Barnes,'' established a colliery on the Bates 

' Wallace, History of Blyth, p. 162. ■ Mr. T. E. Forster's MSS. ' Ibid. 

' Cramlington Coal Company's papers. 

Vol. IX. 31 


estate at East Hartford. The winning reached the Low ]Main at a depth 
of seventy-three fathoms and has since worked that seam with the Yard 
and other coals in East Hartford, Sir Matthew White Ridley's adjoining 
West Hartford royalty, and a portion of the Seaton Delaval estate, being 
connected with the Cramlington Company's railway leading to the Tyne. 

After the amalgamation with North Seaton in 1861, the Cowpen 
Company acquired the joint royalty of Sir Matthew White Ridley and Sir 
John Lawson at Cambois and effected a winning there in 1867, the colliery 
being connected with the Blyth and Tyne system and also having access 
to the north side of the harbour at Blvth by means of a railway constructed 
by the Company terminating in staiths placed near the old Bishop's quay. 
At Cowpen the use of the North pit, which in 1858 had been employed 
in working the Sleekburn coal, was discontinued in 1863, and in 1874 the 
Straker pit was sunk to the Yard seam, the Isabella being afterwards carried 
down to the Beaumont seam at a depth of 148 fathoms.' 

As an open port, Blyth for some years made progress, though not to 
the extent which might have been anticipated from its position as the 
natural outlet for the surrounding collieries. The development of the 
harbour was taken in hand by a company formed in 1854, and in 1856 
the shipments reached 170,000 tons. Bv 1866, they had increased to 
257,000 tons, rising further, after the opening of the Cambois staiths, to 
ab6ut 350,000 tons in 1871. After this the gradual disappearance of the 
sailing vessels, for which Blyth had for so long been famous, and the 
substitution of steam shipping brought about a change with which the 
proprietors of the harbour were unable to grapple. The shipments con- 
sequently continued to dwindle away until, in 1883, they did not reach 
150,000 tons, almost the whole of the produce of the neighbouring col- 
lieries having been forced to the Tvne for shipment. ^ 

In 1883 an effort w-as made to remedy this state of affairs and, in that 
year, the harbour became vested in Commissioners, who commenced a 
vigorous policy of development which has been of great benefit to the 
coal trade of the vicinity and has resulted in the firm establishment of 
Blyth as one of the chief coal-shipping ports of the North East Coast. 

The resuscitation of the harbour led to the opening out of the Cowpen 
Coal Company's Mill pit which was sunk in close proximity to it in 1886, 

' Mr. T. E. Forster's MSS. 


reaching the Low Main seam at a depth of ninety-two fathoms, as well as 
to the formation of new staiths and railways both on the north and south 
sides of the river, which have materially aided in the development of the 
coal field to the north and have enabled the shipments of the port to reach 
a total of four million tons a year.' 


Horton is the southernmost of the five townships which compose the 
chapelry of that name. Newsham and Seaton Delaval bound it to the east 
and south. Cramlington chapelry lies to the west, and is separated from 
Horton by a line running parallel to, and slightly to the east of, the 
Cramlington colliery railway. This line produced northwards leads to the 
Horton burn, which, running down a little dene, falls into the Blyth at 
Humford, and, in the lower portion of its course, divides Horton from East 
Hartford. On the north lies Bebside, debarring Horton from access to the 
river. The north-east boundary of the township, on the side of Cowpen, 
nearly coincides with the Backworth and Morpeth railway. The area thus 
included comprises 2,341 acres." 

As late as the seventeenth century the southern portion of this district 
formed a separate township called Sticklawe or Stickley,'' of which the 
name is still perpetuated in Stickley farm, a little over a mile to the south of 
Horton church ; while it is probable that a narrow strip of land, extending 
westward from the Horton burn along the Blyth and Morpeth road to the 
border of West Hartford, originally fell within the contiguous township of 
East Hartford, although now annexed to Horton. 

The old Tynemouth and Bedlington highway and the Seaton Delaval 
colliery railway run in parallel lines from north to south of the township. 
On the main road, and overlooking the sea, stand Horton church and the 
farmsteads of High Horton, Laverick hall, Stickley and North Moor. A 
quarter of a mile eastward from the church, on a branch road to Cowpen, 
is Low Horton farm, near to which can be traced the moat that once 
surrounded Horton castle. The ancient village appears to have been 

1 The produce of the collieries working in Cowpen, Bebside, and East and West Hartford at the 
present time amounts to about one million tons per annum. 

- Sir Ralph Delaval, writing in 1610, gave the boundary of the township as follows : The North 
streett, Bebside bounder begins, the gate in Kowpon loning, Newsam bounder, Lysden letch, Lamlayers, 
the street at Stickley stone. Morpith wviy, the bounder betweene East and West Cramlington, Horton 
foord, Harford bounder. Marquis of Waterford's jNISS. 

" Hodgson, Northinnbcrhvul, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 263 n. 


situated at High Horton,' whicli is possibly the Alde-Horton mentioned 
in a dtedi.ctrca 1270 ;'• but castle and village are now both gone, and the 
population of the township, which reached a total of 2,1 ri at the last 
census,^ is almost entirely confined to the mining hamlet of New Delaval, 
near Newsham station. 

Horton, Stickley and Hartford together formed an isolated portion of 
the barony of Whalton, but do not appear to have been granted in subin- 
feudation by the lords of Whalton until the close of the twelfth century, 
at a date not long anterior to the sale of the barony by Constance de 
Cramavill and her son Robert to Robert fitz Roger, lord of Warkworth. 
In January, 1203/4, King John confirmed Walran, son of Robert Viscount, 
in the manor of Horton, with the services of Hartford and Stickley and 
of the moiety of Burradon, of which he had been enfeoffed by Constance 
and Robert de Cramavill, and likewise sanctioned the grant made by 
Constance de Cramavill and her son to Robert fitz Roger of the wardship 
and marriage of the said Walran, he being then a minor.^ 

' Hodgson, Northionberlaiuf, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 262. 

- By deed without date Robert Tempylman of Horton granted to Gwycliard de Charron and to 
Isabella his wife 'unum selionem nieum in territorio de Horton qui vocatur Aldehorton, jacentem juxta 
terrain Willelmi Fayrchild propinquiorem versus aquilonem' to hold of the grantor. Hiis testibus, 
Ada de Seleby, Rogero Scaufyn, Ricardo de Hereford, Roberto de Herefoid, domino Waltero de 
Hereford, Roberto de Hepesseth, Ricardo de Styclau, et aliis. Watcr/ord Charters, No. 44. Seal, 
a crescent betiveen ttco stars, s. ROBERTI FIL RICARDV., figured on Plate V. No. 2. This document 
forms one of a number of early deeds relating to Horton which came into the hands of the Delaval 
family about the year 15 14, as appears from the following petition for their restitution : 

To the most reverent fadir in God, my lord archebisshop of Caunterbury and chaunceler of England, 
humbly sheweth unto your gracious lordship your contynuell oratour, George Harbotell esquier, son ancl 
heir of Godyard Harbotell, is seased in his demene as of fee of and in a maner of Hurton, with 
th'appurtenaunces, in the countie of Norhumbreland ; and, so seaseJ, dyvers and many evidences, 
charters and munimentes concernyng the seid maner come lo possession of on Margerie Delavale 
wedowe, Gye Delavale and Robert Delavale. And so it is, gracious lord, that your seid oratour hath 
often and many tymes required of the seid Margerie, Gye and Robert, delyvere of the evidences, 
charters and munimentes ; the whech to delyver thei hath at all tymes utterly refused and yet refuseth, 
contrarie to all reason and conscience. And forasmuch as your seid oratour knoweth not the certeyn 
noumbir of the seid evidences, charters and munimentes, nor wherein thei ben conteigned, be is without 
remedye by the cours of the commeir lawe. Pleas it therfor your seid lordship, the premisses considerd, 
to graunte a writte sub pena to be directed to the seid Margerie, Gye and Robert, commaundyng theym 
by the same to appere byfor the kyng in his chauncerie at a certeyn day and under a certeyn peayn by 
your seid lordship to be lymitted, to answere to the premisses accordyng to right and conscience. And 
your seid oratour shall dayly pray for the preservacion of your gracious lordship. Plegii de prosequendo : 
Thomas Smyth de London, yoman, and Johannes Cok de eadem, yoman. Endorsed : Coram domino 
rege in canceilaria sua a die Pasche proxime futuro in unum mensem. Early Chancery Proceedings, 
bundle 141, No. 24. 

Transcripts of other muniments of the Charron, Monboucher and Harbottle families are given in the 
Dodsworth MSS. vol. x.\.\ii. fols. 1 10-146, vol. xlv. fols. 121 b-125, and vol. Ixx. fols. 6S-72. Some of the 
original deeds have found their way into the British Museum. 

'The following are the census returns during the last century: 1801, 113; iSil, 142; 1821, 139; 
1 83 1, 175 ; 1 841, 218 ; 1 85 1, 210 ; 1861, 368 ; 1 87 1, 1,400 ; 18S1, 2,144 ; 1S91, 2,180 ; 1901, 2,11 1. 

' Rotiili Chartarum, Record Com. p. 116. It does not appear whether the moiety of Burradon 
herein mentioned was the Ogle or the Widdrington portion of that township. See above, p. 44. 




Arms : Three bars^ ovef all a hend chafged with five pheon^. Seal in the 
possession of the marquis of Waterford. 

RoHEKT Viscount. 

Sir Walran de Horton, son of = Agnes 

Robert Viscount, received («) de 

confirmation of grant of Vaux 

Horton, Hartford and (/5), iiv- 

Sticl<ley, 20th January, ing a 

1205/4, being then a minor ; widow 

died 24th August, 1257, in 1270 

leaving issue three sons {h). 
and one daughter (</). 

William de Horton, a monk in Tyne- 
month priory, where he was cellarer in 
1244; ceharer of St. .-Mban's in 1254, 
and chamberlain in 1258 ; was sent on a 
mission to the papal court in 1 256, and 
to the court of Scotland, 125S; ap- 
pointed prior of Wymondham in 1262 
(^Matthew Farts} ; prior of Tynemouth 
circa 1265 ; died before 1273. 


father, in 1244, gave his lands in 

Normandy («). 
Richard, son of Walran, took a lease 

of lands in Stickley in 1259 I living 

loth May, 1267 (/4). 
Ralph, son of Walran, to whom his 

brother-in-law, Thomas de Castre, 

granted lands in Tyrringtoft {li). 


eldest son, to whom his (i) Thomas ^ ( 2 ) S ir = Isabella, upon whom her fathersettled = (3) Sir Guis- 

de Castn 
(/5), died 
before 1261 

Thomas de 
before 15th 
Mar. 1266/7 
(Crt/. Ing. 
p.m. vol. i. 
p. 207). 

lands in Horton on her first marriage, chard de 

1256 (/6) ; claimed dower out of her Charron 

second husband's lands in Northum- (see Char. 

berlandand Yorkshire in 1267 (Bar- ron pedi- 

rison. History of Yorkshire^ p. 164) ; gree'). 

joined her third husband in February, 
1279, in settling Horton upon Guis- 
chard de Charron the younger. 

Michael de Ryhill, was seven years of age at his father's 
death ; released to his brother, Guischard de Charron 
the younger, all claim to his mother's lands of Horton, 
Stickley and Hartford, 6th May, 1284 (/5). 

Thomas de Ryhill, upon whom his mother 

and her husbind, Sir Guischard de 

Charron, settled Horton in remainder, in 

default of issue of their bodies, July, 1269. 


Other issue (see 
Harrison, History 
of Yorkshire^ p. 
1 65). 

{a) Calendarium Genealogicitm^ p. 76. 

(J)) Waterford Chartei s. 

Evidences to Viscount Pedigree. 

Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, Agnes de Vaus, relicta doniini Walerani le Vescont, salutem in 
Domino sempiternam. Noveritis me dedisse concessisse et presenti meo scripto cyrograffato confirmasse Gwychardo 
de Charron et Isabelle uxori ejus totam terram et tenementum que habui in Horton Shirreve, Stickelawe, et Herford, 
nomine dotis, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis sine aliquo retenemento, habenda et tenenda predictis Gwychardo et 
Isabelle et eorum heredibus de festo sancti Michaelis archangel! anno domini MCCLXX iraperpetuum, reddendo inde 
annuatim mihi nomine dotis ad duos anni terminos septem libras et quinque solidos, videlicet medietatem ad 
Pentecosten et alteram medietatem ad festum sancti Martini in hyeme, videlicet incipiendo ad reddendum medietatem 
predicti annul redditus ad Pentecosten proximam, anno regni regis Henrici filii regis Johannis quinquagesimo quinto, 
et alteram medietatem ad festum sancti Martini in hyeme proximum sequens, et sic reddendo predictum annuum 
redditum, scilicet septem libras et quinque solidos argenti, de anno in annum ad predictos terminos ut supradictum 
est, in tota vita mea tantum ; et post decessum meum predicti Gwychardus et Isabella et eorum heredes vel assignati 
sui habeant et possideant predicta terram et tenementum bene et pacifice, nichil reddendo vel aliquid inde faciendb, 
sine aliqua calumpnia vel contradiccione mei vel aliquorum nomine meo, ab omnibus serviciis secularibus et demandis. 
In cujus rei testimonium presentibus scriptis ad modum cyrograffi confectis alternatim sigilla nostra apposuimus. 
Hiis testibus, dominis Johanne de Plesseth, Willelmo de Kyrketon, Thoma de Fenwyk, Hugone de la Val, militibus ; 
Thoma de Dyveleston, Willelmo de Slaueley, Willelmo de Faudun, Johanne de Herford, Ricardo de Herford, Nicholao 
de Midford clerico, et aliis. Waterford Charters^ No. 43. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris, Michael, filius et heres quondam domini Thome 
de Ryhil militis, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noverit universitas vestra me remisisse et quietum clamasse 
presentibus de me et heredibus meis vel assignatis Guischardo fratri meo et heredibus suis vel assignatis totum 
jus et clamium quod habeo vel habere potero, si quid habere potuero, in terris et manerio de Horton Schirreth et 
Stikkelawe et Hereford in comitatu Northumbrie, tam in libere tenentibus quam villanis et villenagiis et omnibus 


aliis pertineiiciis ad dictas terras et manerium pertinentibus, que domina Yssabella mater niea tenuit. Pretcrea 
remitto et quietum clameo presentibus de me et heredibus meis dicto Guischardo fratri meo totum jus et clamium 
quod habeo vel habere potero in uno mesuagio in Heland et in duabus acris de petario in Merdeffen, ita quod nee 
ego nee heredes mei vel aliquis ex parte nostra in dictis terns et manerio et eorum pertinenciis supradictis nee in 
predictamesuagio et duabus acris de petario predictis jus aliquod aut clamium habere vel vendicare unquam poterimus. 
In cujus testimonium presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus presentibus, domino Adam de Seleby, 
Thoma de Ryhil fratre meo, Waltero de Herford, Thoma de Heppehal, et aliis. Datum apud Novum Castrum super 
Tynam, in loco fratrum minorum, anno domini MCCLXXXIirj, pridie nonis raaii. Valete. Water/ord Charters, No. 28. 

Inasmuch as it is improbable that a considerable portion of the barony 
should have been settled at the outset upon a young boy, it may be 
conjectured that Robert Viscount, father of Walran, had formerly been 
in possession of Horton, although his name does not occur as a witness 
to anv of the existing deeds of his presumed overlords. His lineage is 
uncertain. He is perhaps to be identified with Robert, son of John 
Viscount I., a contemporary of Bishop Pudsey,' and if so he was a 
descendant of the lords of Embleton, hereditary sheriffs of Northumber- 
land. On the other hand his son, Walran of Horton, had his chief holding 
in Normandv, and is definitely stated to have been of Norman extraction.^ 
It is, therefore, perhaps more reasonable to assume that Robert Viscount 
was a scion of the Vicomtes who farmed the vicomte of the Bessin, or 
of some other family of hereditary bailiffs of the vicomtes into which the 
duchy was divided.^ The seal of Walran of Horton bears three bars, 
over all a bend charged ivith Jive pheoiis* but that shield gives no clue 
to his origin. 

Walran of Horton held the townships of Horton, Stickley and Hart- 
ford by the service of one knight's fee.^ A return made in 1566 gives 
the castle-ward and cornage rents due from the holding as half a mark 
and fifteen pence respectively,*' and, though of late date, probablv pre- 
serves the amounts of the original pavments. Walran's guardian, Robert 
fitz Roger, conveyed his wardship to Margery, wife of William Baard, 
who, with her husband, was party to a fine made on February 2nd, 
1226/7, whereby they conveyed to Ulkil, son of Silkewin, a messuage in 
Horton formerly belonging to Robert, son of Arnald, and six acres in a 

• Cal. Charier Rolls, vol. ill. p. 86. 

' Hunter, Rotuli Selccti, Record Com. p. 263 ; Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. i. p. 476. 

' Rottili Scaccarii Normannie, vol. i. pp. Iviii, xciv. * Fiijured on Plate V. No. i. 

' Testa de Nevill, Record Com. p. 382. Horton was held for half a knight's fee. Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. v. 
p. 120. 

" .Sir Arthur Middleton's M.SS. A rental of Horton made in 1635 states that 'there is paid out of 
Horton to Whalton a hoine-yeild rent of 7s. yd.' Marquis of Waterford's MS.S. 


field called Ebrokes. By the same deed Ulkil quit-claimed to the grantors, 
and also to Walran of Horton, all claim to two bovates of land in the 
said township/ 

In 1246 Walran of Horton brought an action in the king's court against 
John Baard, son of his former guardian, for one hundred and fifty acres 
in Horton, valued at ^23 3s. gd. Baard called his mother to warranty, 
but inasmuch as she had had the wardship only, and no further interest in 
Horton, seisin was given to Walran, and Margery Baard was ordered to 
give to her son land of corresponding value in Hertfordshire." John Baard 
then commenced a counter action,^ which was referred to the Newcastle 
assizes in 1256, where, upon a grand assize, Walran was again adjudged 
possession.* Walter, son of Walter de Selby, put in a claim, but to no 
purpose, and Walran settled the disputed premises upon his daughter 
Isabella in marriage with Thomas de Castre." 

As has been already mentioned, Walran of Horton held certain lands 
in Normandy. The loss of the duchy rendered anomalous the position of 
those who held lands both in Normandy and England, and who might there- 
fore, in the event of a French war, be summoned to serve in two opposing 
armies. Accordingly, early in 1244, Henry HI. ordered all Normans 
holdinor lands in England to be disseised of their estates." Walran made 
terms ; he elected to live on in Northumberland, and demised his land 

' Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Novum Castruin super Tinam, die 
Jovis proxima post octabas puriticationis beate Marie, anno regni regis Henrici filii regis Johannis 
undecimo, coram Petro de Brus, Willelmo de Insula, Ricardo Duket, justiciariis itinerantibus, at aliis 
domini regis fidelibus tunc ibidem presentibus, inter Ulkillum filium Silkewin petentem et Willelmum 
Baard et Margeriam uxorem ejus tenentes, de duabus bovatis terre cum pertinentiis in Horton, unde 
assisa mortis antecessoris summonita fuit inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet quod predictus Ulkill 
remisit et quietum clamavit de se et heredibus suis predictis Willelmo et Alargerie totum jus et 
clamium quod habuit in tota predicta terra cum pertinenciis imperpetuum. Et pro hac remissione, 
quieta damacione, fine et concordia, predicti Willelmus et Margeria dederunt eidem Ulkillo unum 
mesuagium cum pertinenciis in Horton, illud scilicet mesuagium quod fuit Robert! filii Arnaldi, et sex 
acras terre cum pertinenciis in campo qui vocatur Ebrokes, habendum et tenendum eidem Ulkillo et 
heredibus suis de predicto Willelmo et Margeria et heredibus ipsius Margerie imperpetuum, reddendo 
inde per annum eisdem Willelmo et Margerie et heredibus ipsius Margerie unum denarium die 
nativitatis Domini pro omni servicio. Et preterea predictus Ulkillus remisit et quietum clamavit de se 
et heredibus suis Walrano de Horton et heredibus suis totum jus et clamium quod habuit in duabus 
bovatis terre in Horton, quas clamavit \er5us eundem Walranum per assisam de morte antecessoris in 
prefata curia, imperpetuuin. Et sciendum quod predictus Ulkillus non dabit nee vendet nee invadiabit 
predictas sex acras terre nee aliquid de supradictis infra domum religionis nisi per voluntatem ipsorum 
Willelmi et Margerie et heredum ipsius Margerie. Feet of Fines, case iSo, file 3, No. 12. 

■ Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. i. p. 315 ; .A.ssize Rolls, No. 454, No. 1,045, m. 52. 

^ Abbreviatio Placitorum, Record Com. p. 127. 

* Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, pp. 24-25, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 88. 

= Waterfvrd Charters, No. 39, printed in vol. ii. of this series, pp. 504-505. 
Matthew Paris, Chronica Majora, Rolls Series, vol. iv. p. 288. 



in Normandy to his eldest son and namesake.' The sheriff of Northumber- 
land was thereupon ordered, on May 14th of the same year, to render 
back to him his lands in that county,' and Walran remained in peaceful 
possession until his death, on August 24th, 1257.' Although a jury of 
inquiry refused to make definite pronouncement as to whether Walran's 
lands were an escheat or no, Sir William Heron, then sheriff of the county, 
seized them as forfeit to the Crown, under the order of 1244, and on October 
1 6th following, Henry HI. bestowed them on his half-brother, William 
of Valence.^ No particulars concerning the land were given, beyond the 
statement that they were of the yearly value of ;^20 7s. 5d. 

The name of Walran fitz Robert, entered in the Durham Liber Vitae^ 
probably denotes the owner of Horton. No other facts concerning him 
have been preserved, beyond a reference to a grant made by him of lands 
in Horton for life to a certain Adam de Aula.'' By his wife, Agnes de 
Vaux, he had issue three sons and one daughter, namely, Walran, who as 
already stated received his father's lands in Normandy, Richard, Ralph and 
Isabella, the wife of Thomas de Castre. Richard continued to reside at 
Horton, notwithstanding the grant made to William of Valence. His name 
occurs in 1259 as lessee of twelve acres in Stickley from Robert de Mitford.' 

' Calcndarium Gcnealogicum, Record Com. p. 76. 

- Hunter, Rotuli Sdcdi, Record Com. p. 263 ; Close Rolls, 28 Hen. HI. m. 10. 
' Calcndarium Gencalogkum, Record Com. p. 76 ; Cal. Inq. p.m. vol. i. p. 106. 
' Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. i. p. 476 ; cp. Excerpta ex Rot. Fin. Record Com. vol. ii. p. 264. 
= Liber Vitae, p. 97, Suit. Soc. Pub. No. 13. 

« Omnibus filiis sancte matris ecclesie ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Adam de aula, salutem. 
Noveritis me dedisse concessisse et hac present! carta mea confirmasse Angneti filie mee et Willelmo 
viro suo et heredibus eorum vel assignatis totam terram meam cum domibus, hedificiis, toftis et croftis 
et omnibus pertinenciis suis, eandem scilicet terram quam dominus Walleranus in villa et territorio de 
Horton mihi pro servicio meo dedit, haljendam et tenendam dictis Angneti, Willelmo, et heredibus 
eorum vel assingnatis, de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum, libere, quiele, et hereditario, sicut coiitinetur 
in carta originali quam habui de dono dumini Wallerani et per servicium idem quod continetur ibidem. 
Et dicti Angnes, Willelmus, et heredes eorum vel assingnati, mihi omnia neccessaria mea usque ad 
consummacionem vite mee honorabiliter invenient. Et ut hec donacio et concessio rata et stabiliter 
permaneat, huic scripto sigillum meum apponi feci. Hiis testibus, domino Eudone tunc apud Horton 
capellano, Ricardo filio Wallerani, Roberto de Bebeset, Roberto de Herford West, Ricardo de Neusum, 
Ricardo filio Gilberti de Scotton, Waltero de Cramlington capellano, et aliis 
niultis. Datum apud Horton, sexto idus Maii, anno domini m'CClx" septimo. 
Waterford Charters, No. 55. 

' ' Scilicet illas duodecim acras quas dominus Hugo, capellanus de Novo 
Castro, quondam tenuit de Villelmo de Stikelau.' Durh. Treas. Misc. Chart., 
6,579, printed in Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 274 CHorton miscel- 
lanea. No. I), where Monteford should be read Mitford. Robert de Mitford was 
mavor of Newcastle in 12S2. Subsequently, between the years 1261 and 1264, 
William de Sticklaw confirmed Mitford in the said twelve acres: Hiis testibus, 
domino Ada de Gesemu, tunc vicecomite, domino Johanne de Pleceto, domino 
Ada Baret, militibus, Willelmo de Kirketun, Galfrido de Wideslade, Ada de 
Seal of William de Seleby, Ricardo de Herford, Waltero de Daltun, et aliis. Water/ord Charters, 
Stikelawe. No. 70. Seal, a cinquefoil, >J< S will' de stvcklav. 


His brother Ralph was enfeoffed by Thomas de Castre of eight bovates in 
Tyrringtoft, perhaps the modern Torrington in Lincolnshire. Castre's deed 
of gift was attested by Sir Bartholomew Banyard and Sir William de 
Breteville, knights, of Norfolk and Richmondshire respectively, as well as 
by a group of Northumbrian witnesses.' 

Thomas de Castre died before the year 1261. During the last eleven 
years of his life he had been lessee of a moiety of Cramlington under Ralph 
de Gaugy.- He had no issue by his wife Isabella, daughter of Walran of 
Horton, his heir being his brother, William de Castre. Isabella de Castre 
took as her second husband Thomas fitz Michael, lord of Ryle and, in 
1 260- 1 26 1, sheriff of Northumberland, but he died in 1267, and she was a 
second time left a widow. Two years later she found a third husband 
in Sir Guischard de Charron, then sheriff of the county. 

De Castre. 


I I 

Thomas de Castre, lessee of a moiety = Isabella, dau. William de Castre, brother and heir = daughter and 

co-heir of Peter de 

of Cramlington ; had lands in of Walran of Thomas de Castre, sued Ralph 

Horton settled upon him on mar- de Horton. de Gaugy in 1261 for lands in 

riage ; died s.p. before 1261. Cramlington ; died before 1269. 

Lincoln (Cal. Gen. 
p. 16). 

! I 

William de Castre, who in July, 1269, Thomas de Castre, son of William de Castre, assigned a rent- 
assigned his uncle's lands in Horton charge in Corbridge to Guischard de Charron and Isabella 
to Guischard de Charron and Isabella his wife, January, 1276/7 (^Feet of Fines, case 181, file 7, 
his wife. No. 13). 

When the king's uncle, Peter of Savoy, came to England in 1241, 
he brought with him three of his kinsmen, a knight, a cleric and a Cluniac 
monk.' They were brothers, and they all obtained positions of preferment 
in their new home. The clerk, Guischard de Charron, a man of Falstaffian 
proportions and appetite,^ was appointed by Peter of Savoy to be seneschal 

' Sciant presentes et futuri quod eyo, Thomas de Castre, dedi, concessi, at hac present! carta mea 
confirmavi, Radulpho filio Walrani de Hortone, pro homagio et servicio suo, totam terrain quam habui 
in villa de Tyrringtoft, scilicet octo bovatas terra cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, tenendam et habendam 
de me at heredibus meis eidem Radulfo et heredibus vel assignatis suis libere, quiala, bene, in pace, 
integre, in feodo et hereditate, reddendo inde annuatim michi at heredibus meis decern denarios vel 
unam libram piperis, utrum maluarit, scilicet ad festum sancti Michaelis, pro omni servicio, consuetudina, 
axaccione at demanda ad me et herades meos pertinentibus, etc. Et ut hec mea donacio rata et stabilis 
permaneat, huic scripto sigillum nieum apposui. Hiis testibus, domino Bartolomeo Banynard, domino 
Willelmo de Breteville, Pycot de Neuton, Pycot de Sciruaton, domino Rogero de Togesdene, domino 
Johanna de Plesseyz, domino Johanna de Aulton, domino Rogero Maudut, Johanne de Woderington, 
Johanne de Rydala, Gilberto de Oggel, et aliis. Watcrfoni Charters, No. 41. 'Scirueton' is to be 
identified with Scruton, near Northallerton. 

" Curia Regis Rolls, No. 171. Cp. Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, p. 173. 

^ Matthew Paris describes Stephen, prior of Thetford, brother of Guischard de Charron, as 'natione 
Sabaudialis, qui se consanguineum vel affinem vel saltern compatriotam reginae fecerat.' Chronica 
Majora, vol. \'. p. 31. 

* ' Clericus monstruosus . . . cujus quoque cadaver plaustrum oneraret.' Ibid. 

Vol. IX. 



of the honour of Richmond.^ Although in orders and rector of Fransham 
in Norfolk, a living to which the king, on September 22nd, 1242, presented 
him," he married and had a son, also named Guischard, who in his turn 
had a son Guischard, a circumstance that renders it difficult to determine, 
in some cases, the identity of the person named. Probably the elder 
Guischard continued to be seneschal until his death, and was succeeded 
in that office by his son, whom Peter of Savoy, on leaving England early 
in 1 26 1, entrusted with the administration of his English estates. Charron 
had the difficult task of maintaining his master's interest in Richmondshire 
during the troubles of the Barons' war.^ In May, 1264, he was given the 
immediate custody of Richmond and Bowes castles, and in September of 
the ensuing year, when the Sussex honours of Eagle and Hastings were 
conferred upon Peter of Savoy, he was put in charge of them also.* 

Richmondshire had for several years been a possession coveted alike 
by the barons and by the king, who desired to restore the earldom to 
his nephew, John, duke of Brittany. The Sussex baronies were represented 
to have been granted to Earl Peter as compensation for his honour of 
Richmond, and on May 6th, 1266, Henry HI. sent a threatening letter to 
Charron, commanding him to surrender his charge.' This he refused to do. 
His obduracy proved successful, and was rewarded by his absent master by 
a grant, to him and his heirs, of the custody of Bowes castle and of the office 
of forester of Richmond forest, of which grant he obtained a royal confirma- 
tion on February 8th following." No further attempt was made to disturb 
Peter of Savoy during the short remainder of his life. The earl died in 
1268, having by his will, dated May 7th of that year, devised his English 
estates to Queen Eleanor, and appointed Charron his executor.' The queen 
was persuaded to relinquish her claims in favour of John of Brittany, to 
whom Charron thereupon gave up Richmond castle.^ His new lord appears 
to have appreciated his fidelitv and to have retained him as seneschal. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1232-1247, p. 391 ; Plantagenet-Harrison, History of Yorkshire, p. 337. 

■ Ibid. 1232-1247, p. 303. ' Rymer, Focdera, Record Com. vol. i. p. 433. 

' Ibid. p. 458, where Wychardus should be read in place oi Edwardus. 

' Ibid. p. 46S. The order contains a clue to Charron's place of origin in the clause ' scituri 
quod, nisi feceritis, periculum exhaeredationis terrae vestrae Chavens vobis ex hoc poterit imminere.' 
Henry, lord of Chanvens, occurs as witness to various charters of the counts of Savoy betiveen the years 
1234 and 1255. 6 Q^i_ Charter Rolls, vol. ii. pp. 70-71. 

' Wiirstemberger, Peter der Ziveite, Graf von Savoyen, vol. iv. p. 434 ; in which work is given a full 
account of the fortunes of Peter of Savoy in England ; see especially book v. chapter xix. and book vi. 
chapter x. . j^y„.,er, Focdera, vol. i. p. 476. 




Arms : Gules, a chevron between three escallops argent. Parliamcnlary Roll in 
Palgrave's Parliamentary Writs, vol. i. p. 41 1 ; Giimaldi's Roll in Collectanea 
Topographica et Genealogica, vol. ii. p. 327 ; Jenyns' Ordinary in Walford's 
Antiquarian, vol. x. p. 58. 

De Charron. 

. I 

Guischard de : 
S a b a u d i a 
(«), alias 
de Charron, 
seneschal of 
the honour 
of Rich, 
m o n d in 

Sir Bernard de Sabaudia, knight = Ducelina, 
in), appointed constable of who had 
Reigate castle, 2nd June, 1241 permission 
{Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1232-1247, to follow 
p. 252) ; constable of Windsor her hus- 
castle, 15th December, 1 241 band to 
(?ii/(/. p. 268) ; and constable of England, 
the honour of Tickhill, 29th 12th .^pril, 
March, 1244 (ibtd. p. 422). 1242 {ibid. 

p. 280). 

Stephen de 
prior of 
Thetford in 
Norfolk was 
by one of 
his monks, 
1248 (fl). 

Mary, dau. 
and co-heir 
of Richard 
de Sutton 

Sir Guischard de Charron, knight, constable of the honour of Richmond, 1261- 
126S ; sheriff of Northumberland, 1267-1272 ; was made a justice of assize in 1274 ; 
hereditary constable of Bowes castle (c) ; seneschal of the bishopric of Durham, 
1278-1283 ; obtained the manor of Sutton-upon-Trent by his first marriage and 
Horton in Northumberland by his second marriage ; living in 1297 (</). 

Isabella, daughter and 
heir of Sir Walran de 
Horton, and widow 
of Sir Thomas de 
RyhiU (d). 

Sir Guischard de Charron, knight {b') ((Z), con- 
stable of Bowes castle (c) ; had the manor 
of Horton settled upon him in 1279, and 
Dalton-Gales Jn 1280 (c) ; a justice of as- 
size ; sheriff of Northumberland, 1308-1310, 
and knight of the shiie in 1311 ; was slain 
at Bannockburn, 24th June, 1 314. 

Alice [daughter of 
Sir Thomas de Lucy, 
first baron Lucy of 
Cockermouth] ; mar- 
ried circa 1288 ; * 
was living at Dalton- 
Gales in 1332 (c). 

Stephen de Charron 
(</■), alias Stephen 
Guischard, constable 
of Bowes castle (c) ; 
surrendered his claims 
to Horton, 15th June, 
1 3 10 (<?■)• 

Alice, wife of Sir William 
de Scargill, to whose 
son, John de Scargill, 
Stephen de Charron 
gave the office of con- 
stable of Bowes castle 
in remainder, 1316 (c). 

Joan, sole daughter and heir ; married first, circa 1310, Sir Bertram de Monboucher (Jl) ; received as her portion the manor 
of Sutton-upor-Trent ; married secondly, before 2ist February, 1333/4. Sir Richard de Willoughby of Wollaton, chief 
justice of the King's Bench {Cal. Close Rolls, 1333-1337, P- 201); living :2th August, 1342 {^Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1340-1343, 
p. 501) {see Monboucher pedigree'), -i/ 

(«) Matthew Paris, Chronica Major a, vol. v. 

PP- 31-33. 
{ti) Placita de Quo Warranto, p. 632. 

(c) Plantagenet-Harrison, History of Yorkshire, 

pp. 165, l6g, 295, 328, 336. 
((/) Waterford Charters. 

* A toulz ceaux qui cest escript orrount ou verrount Gwychard de Charron le pier salutz in nostre seigneur. Sachez 
moy a resceu de sire Thomas de Lucy, par la raayn Thomas de Fetherslanhaugh, set viiitz quinze marcs size souz et 
viij deniers en acquittance de partye de la some de 2Co marcs et 4 vinze ... en lez quetrx I'avandit sire Thomas me estate 
deiu par son escript obligatoire pur la mariage sire Gwchard mon fitz, dez queu.x 175 marcs 6s. 8d. ieo moy tient bien 
paie. En tesmoignance de ceste chose a ceste escripte oy ieo mys mon seale. Done a Bewmys en le evesche de Durresme, 
le vendredy prochein devant la Pentecost, I'an du reigne du roy Edward xvj". Ex rotulo antiquo honoris de Cokermouth, 
m. 6d, No. 53. Dodsworth MSS. vol. xxxii. fol. 95 b. 

About the year 1260 Sir Guischard de Charron purchased from 
Alexander, son of Richard de Belhus, lands in Danby-on-Yore.^ He also 
acquired from the Askes the vill of Dalton-Gales," and thereby became 

' WatcYJord Charters, No. 15 ; Kirkby's Inquest, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 49, p. 159. 
" Kirkhy's Inquest, p. 167. 


neighbour of the Northumbrian Ryhills, the owners of the adjoining town- 
ship of Dalton-Kyle. He added to his estate by marriage with the daughter 
and co-heir of Richard de Sutton, in whose right he became possessed 
ot a purparty of the Nottinghamshire manor of Sutton-uponTrent/ His 
connection with Northumberland dates from the year 1256,^ but he does 
not appear to have taken any active part in the affairs of that county 
before November 23rd, 1267, when he was appointed as successor to John 
de Halton in the office of sheriff, a post which he continued to fill until 
November 5th, 1272. 

When dying, Thomas de Ryhill named Charron executor to his will.' 
The latter, besides discharging the trust committed to him, married the 
widow, his first wife being dead. Isabella de Ryhill's brothers were dead or 
had assigned to her their claims to Horton. William de Castre, nephew 
and heir to her first husband, released to her all title to the manor, which 
he settled upon Charron and his wife and upon their issue, with remainder 
to Thomas de Ryhill, a younger son of Dame Isabella's second marriage.* 
William de Valence likewise surrendered the claim to Horton, Stickley 
and Hartford which he had acquired thirteen years previously.^ The 
various small freeholders in Horton and Stickley were all in their turn 

' Rotuli Hundrcdorum, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 28 ; Placita dc Quo Warranto, Record Com. 
p. 632. 

- Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, p. 44. 

' Cal. Close Rolls, 128S-1296, p. 308; Rotuli Hundredorum, vol. ii. p. 17. 

* Omnibus Christ! fidelibus presentibus et futuris, Willelmus de Castre, salutem in Domino. 
Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse, remisisse, quietum clamasse, et hac presenti carta confirmasse 
domino Gwychardo de Charron et Isabelle u.\ori sue tolum jus et clamium quod habui vel habere 
potui quacumque ratione in manerio de Horton et in terris et tenementis in eadem Horton, quod 
manerium cum terris et tenementis cum pertinenciis quondam fuit Thome de Castre avunculi mei et 
viri quondam predicte Isabelle, sine aliquo retinemento imperpetuum, tenendum et habendum dictis 
domino Gwychardo et Isabelle et heredibus quos dictus dominus Gwychardus de predicta Isabella 
genuerit, cum omnibus pertinenciis, de domino feodi sine aliquo retenemento imperpetuum. Et si 
contingat dominum Gwychardum et Isabellam de corporibus suis nullum heredem habere, et si con- 
tingat heredem quem habuerint de corporibus suis in fata decedere sine herede legitimo de corpore 
suo exeunte, tunc predictum manerium de Horton, cum terris et tenementis, etc., revertat Thome filio 
predicte Isabelle et heredibus suis, sine aliquo retenemento imperpetuum ; reddendo inde annualim 
michi et heredibus meis apud Novum Castrum super Tynam ad Pascham unum denarium vel unum 
par cyrochetarum pro omnibus serviciis, e.xaccionibus et demandis secularibus ad me et ad hcredes 
meos pertinentibus imperpetuum, faciendo tantum forinsecum servicium domino feodi quantum pro 
predictis manerio terris et tenementis cum pertinenciis pertinet faciendum imperpetuum. In cujus rei 
testimonium huic carte sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus, dominis Roberto Bertram de Bothale, 
Hugone de la Val, Johanne de Plessetis, militibus ; Johanne de Middelton, clerico, Alexandro de 
Titlyngton, Adam de Seleby, Galfrido de Wydeslade, Ricardo de Hereford, Ricardo de Styckelaue, 
et aliis. Waterford Charters, No. 48. Seal, an ancient gem engraved with a wolf suckling Romulus 

and Remus. S. W E CASTRE. See Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, p. 419, for a similar 

deed, containing a stipulation for an annuity of one hundred shillings out of the premises payable to 
the grantor. 

' The deed was confirmed by royal charter, July 26th, 1270; Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. ii. p. 149. 


bought out,' leaving Charron sole owner of the two townships with the 
exception of certain lands held by religious communities.^ 

Stickley had hitherto formed a distinct estate, held by a family that 
derived its name from it.^ Richard de Stikelawe, vicar of Edlintrham, 

' Omnibus Cliristi fidelibus presens scriptuni visuris vel audilinis, Thomas de Clyvedon, salutem 
in Domino. Novei-ilis me concessisse, dedisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse (iuichardo de 
Charron et Isabelle uxori sue et heredibus de corporibus ipsorum (juichardi et Isabelle exeuntibus, 
vel assignatis dicti Guichardi vel dicte Isabelle vel heredum suorum de corporibus suis exeuntium, 
totum mesuagium meum et totam terram meam in Horton et Styckelawe cum pertinenciis qua habui 
ex dono et feofamento Robert! filii Ricardi Templeman, Michael' filii Roberti, Willelmi de Styckelawe, 
Rogeri filii ejusdem, et Isabelle filie Willelmi Mauduit, habendum et tenendum eisdem Guichardo et 
Isabelle et heredibus suis ut dictum est, vel assignatis dicti Guichardi vel dicte Isabelle vel heredum 
suorum ut dictum est, de me. et heredibus meis, libere, solute, quiete, bene, pacifice, hereditarie, et 
imperpetuum, cum omnibus libertatibus et aysiamentis, ad predicta mesuagia et terram infra villam 
et extra pertinentibus, sine diminucione vel retinemento ; reddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus 
meis sex denarios argenti ad festum Pentecoste pro omni servicio, consuetudine et demanda seculari, etc. 
Et ut hec mea concessio, donacio, et presentis carte mee confirmacio perpetue stabilitatis robur optineat, 
presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi, et ad majorem securitatem cartas feofamenti mei 
quas inde habui eisdem Guichardo et Isabelle simul cum seysina tradidi. Hiis testibus, dominis 
Johanne de Plessethis, Willelmo de Kirketon, militibus; Ada de Seleby, Luca de Kebelesworth, Ricardo 
de Hereford, Ricardo de Styckelawe, Rogero Scaufyn, Waltero de Hereford, Nicholao de Midford, 
Radulfo clerico, et aliis. Wnterfurd Charters, No. ^i^. 

No. 29 in the same series is a similar confirmation made to Gwyschard de Charron, his heirs and 
assigns, and is witnessed by all the persons above mentioned with the exception of Adam de Selby. 
Clyvedon, the grantor, was seneschal to the prior of Tynemouth in 1276 (see vol. viii. of this series, 
p. 215, note), and may have stood in the same relation to Charron. 

" Lands were held in Horton and Stickley by (i.) the Knights Hospitallers (Placita de Quo Warranto, 
p. 588) ; (ii.) the master and brethren of the hospital of St. Mary the Virgin in Newcastle (Brand, 
Newcastle, vol. i. p. 79) ; (iii.) the nuns of St. Bartholomew, Newcastle. The last-mentioned property, con- 
sisting of a messuage and twelve acres in Stickley, was lost to the convent in 1256 ; Three Northumbrian 
Assue Rolls, p. 36. Lands in Horton and Stickley were still owned by the hospital of St. Mary the 
Virgin in 1629, when they were leased by Edward Wigham, master of the hospital, to his eldest son, 
John Wigham, at the ancient yearly rent of one mark. Deed in the hospital archives. 

' Among the Waterford charters are the following deeds of the thirteenth century relating to 
Stickley and its owners : 

(i.) Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego, Henricus 
filius Radulfi, quietum clamavi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Johanni filio Roberti capellani, et heredibus suis vel suis assignatis, 
illas duodecim acras terre in campis de Horton cum uno tofto, quas 
Robertus filius Walteri ei dedit pro homagio et servicio suo et pro sex 
marcis argenti quas ei dedit in sua magna necessitate, scilicet per illas 
divisas que notantur in carta quam predictus Johannes habet de 
predicto Roberto, ita quod ego Henricus, nee heredes mei, de ilia 
predicta terra nichil clammaverimus erga predictum johannem et 
heredes suos vel suos assignatos. Et quia volo quod ista quietacla- 
macio rata sit et stabilis, confirmacionis presentis scriptum sigillo 
meo corroboravi. Hiis testibus,- Willelmo de Coingners, Roberto de 
Neuham, Symone de Bruntoft, Gerardo de Wyderinton, Willelmo 
Baard, Thnma de Hogil, Ada de Neusum, Ricardo fratre suo, Waltero 
de Burudon, et multis aliis. Waterford Charters, No. 14. Date, early Se.\i. of He.nrv fitz Ralph. 
thirteenth century. Seal, a cinquefoil, SIGirL HENRICI FlLll r.\dvlf. 

(ii.) Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego, Henricus filius Radulfi de Stikelau, dedi 
et concessi et presenti carta confirmavi Ricardo filio Galfridi de Neusum et heredibus suis, pro homagio 
et servicio suo, sex acras terre in campis de Stikelau, scilicet de terra ilia de qua terra unum capud 
extendit se usque Lidisdene cum herbagio, et unum capud extendit se usque ad campos de Hortona, 
habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis, sibi et heredibus suis, in feudo et hereditate, libere 
et quiete et honorifice ab omni servicio et auxilio, consuetudine et exactione, cum omnibus libertatibus et 
aisiam'entis predicte ville de Stikelau pertinentibus, reddendo inde annuatim niichi et heredibus meis 
pro omni servicio et exactione sex denarios ad duos terminos, scilicet ad Pentecosten tres denarios, 


conveyed his land in Stickley, in the year 1270, to Charron.' A year later, 
upon the death of Adam de Jesmond, whose kinsman he was, he inherited 

et ad festum sancti Martini tres denarios, et pro forinseco servicio unum obolum annuatim ad Pente- 
costcn, etc. Hiis testibu?, Willelmo de Coiners, Henrico filio suo, Robilardo de Meinevill, Kogero 
de Wydeslade, Johanne de eadem villa, Thoma de Oggill, Rogero fratre suo, Ricardo Baret, Waltero 
de ISurudun, Willelmo de Stykelaii, Ada de Hereford, Ada de Neusuni, Johanne Mauduit, Petro de 
Trihaintun, et multis aliis. Watcrfnrd Charters, No. 69. Date, early thirteenth century. 

(iii.) Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, Willelmus de .Stickelawe, salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis me concessisse, vendidisse, et hac presenti carta mea coiifirmasse Simoni de Neusuni septem 

acras terra cum pertinenciis in villa de .Stickelawe, scilicet in tofto et crofto 

inter grangium meum et terram monialium dimidiam acram, super .Stickelawe 

duas acras, versus boream del Whenymer quinque rodas, tres rodas in le Hope, 

a quarta selione de le Dige versus austrum dimidiam acram, in le Floris unam 

acram et dimidiam, versus austrum de fonte dimidiam acram, habendas et 

tenendas de me et heredibus meis dicto Simoni et heredibus suis vel assignatis, 

libere, quiete, in viis, in semitis, in moris, in pratis ct pascuis, cum communa 

l^asture et omnibus aliis aisiamentis dicte ville de Stickelawe pertinentibus, 

reddendo mihi et heredibus meis unum denarium ad Pentecosten pro omnibus 

secularibus serviciis, etc., scilicet pro secta curie, pro hereyet, pro merchet, pro 

omni consuetudine et demanda, et sequendo molendinum domini de Horton 

■^- ' " usque ad tercium decimum vas de predicta terra; et dictus Simon et heredes 

Seal of William de sui vel assignati debent pro forisfacto sex denarios tantum, etc. Hiis testibus, 

Stikelawe. domino Walrino de Horton, Eustacio de la Val, Henrico de la Val, Galfrido de 

Wdectlade, Gilberto de Oggil, Ricardo de Herford, Ricardo filio suo, Ricardo 

filio Walrani, Willelmo de Euerle, Johanne de Bebeset, Ricardo de Dalton, Willelmo clerico de Cram- 

lington, et multis aliis. Ihid. No. 37. Date, before 1257. Seal, a fleur-de-lys ornament, 4* sigill 


(iv.) Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, Willelmus de Steyclau, salutem. Noveritis me 
dedisse, concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse .Simoni de Neusum, pro servicio suo et pro 
quadam summa pecunie quam predictus Simon michi prae manibus pacavit in mea urgenti necessitate, 
unam acram terre cum pertinenciis in villa de Steyclau juxta Wechenimer versus aquilonem, propin- 
quiorem terre Ricardi de Horton, habendam et tenendam, etc., reddendo inde annuatim michi Willelmo 
et heredibus meis unum cibum ad Pentecosten pro omni terreno servicio, etc., si sit demandatum. Hiis 
testibus, domino H. de la Wale, Eustacio de Walle, Duncano de Rockley, Johanne de Hardwayton, 
Roberto de Bydlisden, Roberto de W'escington, Ricardo de Horton, Waltero de Steyclau, Thoma de 
Haliwell, Johanne W'aleman, et aliis. Ibid. No. 45. 

(v.) Omnibus, etc., Symon de Neusom, salutem in Domino. Noveritis me reddidisse, etc., domino 
Guichardo de Charron et Isabelle uxori ejus totum jus et clamium, quod habui, etc., in octo acris 
terre cum pertinenciis in Stycklawe et in omnibus aliis tenementis cum pertinenciis in Sticklawe, quas 
quidem octo acras cum pertinenciis habui de dono et feofamento Willelmi de Stycklawe, sicut scripta 
que de eodem Willelmo habui et que predictis domino Guichardo et Isabelle tradidi testant, habendas 
et tenendas, etc., tamquam dominis feodi illius pertinentis ad Horton Scyrref, etc. Hiis testibus, 
dominis Michaele de Killum, Johanne de Plesset', militibus, Adam de Seleby, Lucas de Kybelesworth, 
Johanne de Hereford, Johanne de Benton, Rogero Scaufyne de Cramlyngton, Ricardo de Styclawe, 
Roberto de Bebseth, et aliis multis. Ihid. No. 51. 

' Universis Christi fidelibus, etc., Ricardus de Stykelawe, capellanus, salutem, etc. Noveritis me 
concessisse, etc., Gwychardo de Charron domino meo et Isabelle uxori ejus et heredibus, etc., totam 
terram quam habui in villa de Styckelaw cum pertinenciis, etc., habendum et tenendum, etc., ita quod 
nee ego nee heredes mei, etc., allquid juris vel clamei in predicta terra cum pertinenciis in posterum 
habere poterimus, etc. Hiis testibus, dominis Johanne de Plesseth, Willelmo de Kyrketon, militibus, 
Ada de Seleby, Ada Bareth, Ricardo de Hereford, Ricardo de Stykelaw, Lucas de Kyblesworth, 
Rogero Scaufyn de Cramelington, Nicholao de Midford, clerico, et aliis. Anno gracie MCC septua- 
gesimo. Ibid. No. 38. The deed was confirmed by Richard's son and heir : Omnibus, etc., Thomas 
filius et heres Ricardi de Stykelaw, salutem in Domino. Noveritis me reddidisse et quietum clamasse 
domino Gwychardo de Charron seniori et heredibus suis, etc., tanquam dominis feodi, messuagia mea et 
totam terram meam que habui in Stykelaw, etc. Hiis testibus, Ricardo de Cramlynton, Johanne de 
Trewyk, Alexandro Besyng, Thoma de Belsovv, Willelmo de Bewyk, Thoma de Burthdune manente in 
Horton, Ricardo de Stykelawe, et aliis. Ibid. No. 49. 

Thomas de Stikelawe, although the son of a priest, is here recognised as legitimate. See Phillimore, 
EccUsiastical Law, 2nd ed., p. 312: 'All the children of clergymen before the Reformation were not 
illegitimate, for a priest might have had children before he entered into any orders, or whilst he was in 
the inferior orders.' 


a moiety of the manors of Jesmond, Cramlington and Whitlawe, and lands 
in Hartley/ He retained his moiety of Jesmond, but granted his other 
lands, in 1278, to William de Framlington and Margery his wife, and to 
the heirs of the said Margery.^ In 1306 his niece and ultimate heir, 
Emma de Stikelawe, conveyed the remainder of the Jesmond inheritance 
to Richard de Cramlington, son of Margery de Framlington.' The descent 
of the Stikelawe family is shown in the following table. 


William de Stikelawe (d), living in 1228 {_Pipe Rolli) ; conveyed his land in Stickley before 
1256 to his son Richard {Three Northumbrian Assize Roils, p. 41). 


Richard de Stikelawe, son and heir of William de Stikelawe, and one of the heirs of Adam de Roger de 
Jesmond ; vicar of Edlingham in 1273 ; alienated Stickley to Guischard de Charron in 1270 («), Stikelawe 

and Cramlmgton in 1278 to William de FramUngton ; died before May, 1284. (a) (^). 

I I 

^ I , . . . ! I 

Thomas de William de Stikelawe (^), nephew and heir of Emma de Stikelawe, sister and heir of 

Stikelawe Richard de Stikelawe (i5), a minor and the king's William de Stikelawe; was thirty years 

(a), died ward in 1284 (Ca/. /"a^ i?o//r, 1281-1292, p. 120), of age in 1298 (c) ; alienated her pur- 

beforeMay, but of full age in 1293 (/<) ; died j./. 3rd August, party of Jesmond in 1306 to Richard, 

1284. 1298 (c). son of William de Framlington. 

(a) Waterford Charters. (K) Assize Roll for 21 Edw. I. (c) Calendarium Genealogicum, p. 550. 

After he had ceased to be sheriff, Sir Guischard de Charron entered 
on a full train of judicial and administrative business. On April i8th, 
1274, he was appointed to make inquisition in Northumberland, West- 
moreland and Lancashire concerning the illegal exportation of wool to 
Flanders,'* on which occasion he was accused of having taken bribes from 
the burgesses of Newcastle.^ In the same year he was made justice of 
assize for the northern circuit," and during the next four years was busily 
occupied in hearing cases throughout the north of England.^ On January 
iith, 1274/5, when his overlord, the earl of Richmond, was about to 
leave England, he was nominated the earl's attorney in his absence, and, 
on the same day, was made keeper of Jervaulx abbey.** He was seneschal 
of the bishopric of Durham during the greater part of the episcopate of 
Robert de Insula (1274-1283)," from whom he received a grant of the 

' Dendy, Jesmond {Arch. Ad. 3rd series, vol. !.), pp. 54, 58. 

■■' Feet of Fines, case 181, file 7, No. 18. 

' Cal Pat. Rolls, 1301-1307, p. 464. * Ibid. 1272-1281, pp. 48, 69, 122. 

' Arch. Ael. 3rd series, vol. iii. p. 1S9. " Cal. Close Rolls, 1272-1279, p. 136. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1272-1281, passim. ' Ibid. pp. 75, 76. 

° Cal. Charier Rolls, vol. ii. p. 231 ; Fcodariiim Prioratus Diinelmcnsis, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 58, p. 185. 


lands of Gilbert le Noreys in the bishopric' He added to liis hinded 
property in Durham by acquiring from Philip de la Ley the lordships of 
Beamish and Tanfield,^ and lands in the neighbouring townships of 
Kibblesworth' and Pokerley.'' Upon the death of De Insula, of whose 
will he had been appointed executor/ he was made keeper of the bishopric 
during the short interval that ensued before the election of Bishop Bek." 
It is unnecessary to follow him upon the numerous commissions of 
which he was a member between the years 1281 and 1292/ He travelled 
much, as befitted a justice-itinerant, but appears to have chiefly resided in 
his manor-house at Horton.' By charter dated October 22nd, 1290, he 
obtained a grant of free warren in his demesne lands there and at Sutton- 
upon-Trent." His name heads the subsidy roll for Horton in 1296. 

Horton Subsidy Roll, 1296. 

Summa bonorum domini Gwissardi de Charron 

„ Ricardi filii Mariote 

„ Johannis de Bebisset 

„ Mariote vidue ... 

„ Willelmi filii Margarete 

„ Roberti de Burudon 

„ Walteri de Herford "" 

Summa hujus ville, /^I5 19s. 6d. ; unde domino regi, ;^i 9s. oid. Probatur." 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1272-12S1, p. 201 ; Durh. Trcas. Misc. Chart. 4S2 to 485 and 61 12. The grant 
included 'le strothre de Kaltysete' and waste land by the river Team, in the neighbourhood of Hedley 
and Pokerley. See Hodgson, Nortliumbcrtand, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 348 (Stannington miscellanea, No. 59). 

- Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 225. ^ Bishop Hatfield's Survey, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 32, p. 107. 

' Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 195. ^ Hist. Dunehn. Scriptores Trcs, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 9, p. xcii. 

« Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1281-1292, pp. 66, 74. ' Ibid. 12S1-1292, passim. 

' Licence to crenellate Horton castle was not accorded until 1292, but reference to the lord's hall at 
Horton occurs in a deed of earlier date, whereby Robert Templeman of Horton granted to Guischard 
de Charron and to Isabella his wife all his land of Stobithoren, 'videlicet illam selionem meam propin- 
quiorem curie domini inter terras Alani filii .•\de brae' et Willelmi Fayrechyld, extendentem per rectas 
divisas suas versus orientem usque ad certam niarcham inter Horton et Cupon. . . . Hiis testibus, 
dominis Johanne de Plesseto, Hugone de la Val, Willelmo de Kyrketon, Michaele de Kylun, militibus, 
Johanne de Woderington, Radulfo de Essingden, Luca de Kybbelesworth, Hugone Vigerus, Ada Baret, 
Rogero de Cramelinton, Nicholao de Mitford, et aliis.' Waterford Charters, No. I. 

° Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. ii. p. 372. 

° Walter de Hereford, whose name frequently occurs as a witness to the Horton deeds, was, with 
Guischard de Charron, executor of the will of Thomas de Ryhill. Cal. Close Rolls, 1288-1296, p. 308. 
Charron, when sheriff, appointed him constable of the castle of Newcastle. While he held that office 
he committed an act of hoinicide and fled the country, for which his chattels, valued at ^12, were 
confiscated. Subsequently he obtained a royal pardon, returned to Northumberland, and paid a fine 
for having his lands and chattels restored to him. Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, p. 360. He is 
perhaps to be identified with Walter, son of Richard de Hereford, whom Christiana, widow of William 
de Kirketon, sued in 1275 for a messuage, a hundred acres of arable, and two acres of meadow in 
West Hartford. De Banco Rolls, No. 7, m. 15. In 1304 master Walter de Hereford, mason, was a 
contractor for supplies to the garrison of Edinburgh castle. Cal. Doc. Rel. Scot. vol. ii. p. 399. He 
appears to have held lands of the bishop of Durham, and to have died before the year 1314, leaving 
a son and heir, Richard de Hereford, who was suspected of lunacv. Reg. Pal. Dun., Rolls Series, 
vol. ii. p. 1025. n ^^^, Subsidy Roll, ijs 























1 1 
















On Saturday, December 20th, 1292, when returning southward from 
adjudicating the claims to the Scottish throne, Edward I. arrived at Horton 
and was there entertained by Charron over the Sunday/ The knight 

ttS" "^ MOAT. is -[^ 

1 ^siiffliliiK 1 

. .=sj.. 35 o aa 


Morton C\5ti £ . 

T 'f ^f !£ £ — i: — T 

m 5 










turned this visit to advantage by requesting and obtaining permission to 
fortify his manor-house. A week later, on December 28th, the necessary 
licence to crenellate was granted to him at Newcastle." The work of 

' The accounts of the king's household for a period covering this visit to Horton are printed in 
Proceedings of the Record Commissioners, 1832-1833, p. 81. 

■ Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1292-1301, p. 2. 

Vol, IX. 



fortification seems to have proceeded intermittently for the next six years, 

for as late as June 5th, 1297, Charron granted to one of his tenants a 

selion of his demesne in exchange for a selion lying nearer to the moat 

of the manor-house/ which, it may be inferred, was then 

'^„'"'"'j ^^ course of construction. This moat, which was possibly 

I 1 



the innermost of two ditches and separated from the outer 

moat by an earthen rampart," still exists and contains an 

area measuring 190 feet by 203 feet ; but no trace remains 

of the fortress that once stood within it. The old building 

i was finally dismantled in 1809,^ and, though some portion 

^^^^ ; of it remained twenty years later, that too has vanished, 

nor can any architectural fragment be discovered except a 

single arch-stone, which is of fourteenth rather than of thirteenth century 

date. As an example of the true type of pele'' or fortified enclosure, its 

destruction is to be regretted. 

Charron did not long survive the completion of his castle. It is uncer- 
tain whether he was still alive when Edward I. again visited the place, on 
June 27th, 1 301, or when, after the capture of Stirling had seemed to secure 
Scotland for the English crown, the king was for a third time entertained at 
Horton in 1304. Upon this last occasion Edward I. was, in all probability, 
accompanied by the queen, and made a week's stay (August 31st or Sep- 
tember 1st to September 6th), before proceeding to Tynemouth priory.^ 

In 1279 Charron and his wife had joined in assigning the manor of 
Horton, with the exception of two tofts and one carucate of land, to 

' Anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici vicesimo septimo, die \'eneris ante Pentecosten, 
facta fuit hec convencio inter Guischard de Charron seniorem ex una parte et Robertum de Bourondon 
ex altera, videlicet quod predictus Guischard dedit, concessit, et hoc presenti scripto suo cyrograpphato 
confirmavit, predicto Roberto et heredibus suis unam selionem quam habuit de Hynyng parcario in 
campo de Horton, jacentem in longitudine et latitudine inter manerium de Horton et viam Mar versus 
borealem partem, in nomine mutacionis pro una selione jacente propinquiore juxta fossas manerii 
predicti Guischardi in longitudine et latitudine versus borealem partem, quam selionem predictus 
Robertus concessit, et pro se et heredibus suis imperpetuum quietum reddidit, predicto Guischardo 
tanquam domino feodi, et de omnibus dotibus warantizavit, habendum et tenendum predicto Roberto 
et heredibus suis predictam selionem de dicto Guischardo et heredibus suis in eodem statu sicut tenuit 
selionem quam sibi concessit, etc. In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto cyrograftato sigilla sua 
alternatim apposuerunt. Hiis testibus, Johanne de Dudden, Ricardo de Conyers, Willelmo de Trewyck, 
Roberto de Vaus, Johanne de Scotton, Willelmo de Bewyk, et multis aliis [June 5th, 1297]. Waterford 
Charters, No. 33. 

" Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 265. No trace, however, of an outer moat can now 
be detected. » ibid. 

* It is so styled by John de Trokelawe and by Sir Thomas Gray, who are trustworthy authorities for 
local terminology. Trokelawe, Annates, Rolls Series, p. loi ; Leland, Collectanea, ed. 1774, vol. ii. p. 561. 

' Gough, Itinerary 0/ King Edward I. ; Cal. Doc. Rcl. Scot. vol. ii. p. 153. 


Guischard de Charron III., son of Sir Guischard II. by his first marriage.' 
An annual rent of forty marks out of the premises was reserved to the 
grantors for their lives." Sir Guischard III. was a royal justice like his 
father; and also, between the years 1292 and 1304, acted as justice in the 
palatinate of Durham.^ He was commissioner of array in Northumberland 
in 1298.* He was summoned to serve in Scotland in 1300,^ and so was 
probably present at Caerlaverock, although his name does not occur in the 
roll of knights who took part in that siege. In the following year he again 
joined in a Scottish campaign." From October 23rd, 1308, to February 
6th, 1309/10, he held the office of sheriff. In 131 1 he was for a second 
time commissioner of array, '^ and in the same year was elected knight of 
the shire for Northumberland.^ Finally, in 13 14, he fought in Scotland for 
the last time, and met his death at Bannockburn.' 

By his wife, Alice de Lucy, he had an only child, Joan, who was given 
in marriage, in the year 13 10, to a Breton knight, Sir Bertram de Mon- 

' Thoroton assumes Stephen de Charron and Sir Guischard de Charron III. to have been sons 
respectively of Mary de Sutton and of Isabella de Horton. In this he has been followed by Surtees and 
the Rev. John Hodgson, apparently on the strength of a conveyance of the manor of Sutton-upon-Trent 
made by Stephen de Charron in 1306 to his brother, Sir Guischard de Charron of Horton (Thoroton, 
History of Nottinghamshire, ed. 1796, vol. iii. p. 176). But Stephen de Charron likewise surrendered 
to his brother all claim to Horton, Stickley and Hartford, the property of Isabella de Horton (see p. 260, 
note 4), so that in this respect the evidence is equally balanced. It is true that Horton was settled 
in 1269 upon Sir Guischard de Charron II. and Isabella his second wife in tail, with remainder, in 
default of issue, to Thomas de Ryhill ; but in 1279 (six years before the statute De Bonis Conditionalihus 
came into force and thenceforward rendered such action impossible), Sir Guischard II. and Isabella 
his wife alienated the manor of Horton to Sir Guischard III., and so barred the rights of Thomas 
de Ryhill. Although no release made by Thomas de Ryhill is extant, his brother and heir-presumptive, 
Michael de Ryhill, did, upon the death of Isabella de Horton, make such a surrender (see evidences 
to Viscount pedigree). Stephen de Charron succeeded his brother as hei'editary constable of Bowes 
castle (Plantagenet- Harrison, History of Yorkshire, p. 336), and may therefore be presumed to have been 
his junior; therefore, if Stephen was son of Sir Guischard II. by his first marriage, so a fortiori was 
Sir Guischard III. It must be admitted that the assumption that Sir Guischard III. was son 
of Mary de Sutton implies the incorrectness of the term fraler applied to him by Michael de 
Ryhil, who was son of Isabella de Horton by a former husband ; but the descent from Mary de 
Sutton, to which the balance of probabilities inclines, was directly atfirmed in 1330 by her supposed 
granddaughter, Joan Monboucher, the daughter of Sir Guischard de Charron III. Placita de Quo 
Warranto, p. 632. 

" Three Northumbrian Assize Rolls, pp. 425-426. 

' Cat. Charter Rolls, vol. ii. p. 430 ; Reg. Pal. Dun. vol. iv. p. 355. 

' Cat. Pat. Rolls, 1 292-1301, p. 3S7. 

' Palgrave, Parliamentary Writs, Record Com. vol. i. p. 332. ' Ibid. p. 356. 

' Rotuli Scotiae, Record Com. vol. i. p. 98. 

' Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii. div. ii. p. 50. 

' A nostre seignour le roy et a son consail prie .^lice qe fu femme monsieur Guischard de Chairon 
qe fu en servise nostre dit seignour le roy a Estrivelin occys. Com ese puis la mort son seignour ad 
este sovent fSiz destruite e si diversement par les enemys q'el ne se peot viver, ne de nul part chevir, ne 
ayde qe lour pur deu de son estat ordener, q'ele se puisse viver e de ses anguysses e de son grant 
meschef relever. Ancient Petitions, E. 356. 


boucher. Her father gave her for dowry the manor of Siitton-upon-Trent/ 
while John of Brittany, earl of Richmond, of whose household Monboucher 
was a member," granted to the knight and to his wife, and to their issue, 
four manors in the barony of Hastings, namely, Hamden, Filsham, 
Morley and Crotesley/ At the same time Stephen de Charron, brother 
of Sir Guischard HI., renounced his claim to the Northumbrian estates,^ 
which consequently came to Monboucher upon the death of his father-in- 
law. Alice de Charron, who survived her husband, received a life estate 
in his Yorkshire lands.* 

The names of the principal inhabitants of Horton at this time are 
recorded below. 

Horton .Subsidy 










Summa bonorum 

domini Guissardi de Charoun 




unde regi 





Ricardi filii Mariote 








Johannis de Bebbesete ... 








Alicie vidue 








Margarete vidue 








VVillelmi filii Willelmi ... 








Ade filii Roberti 







Robeiti filii Philippi 





2 A 


Roberti filii Ysole 







Roberti prepositi 








Johannis filii Philippi 








Roberti de Borudon 








Walteri de Harford 


1 1 





Summa summarum particularium, £\z os. 8d. ; unde domino regi, /^3 14s. 7W. Probatur.' 

' Thoroton, History 0/ Nottinghamshire, ed. 1797, vol. iii. p. 176. 

- Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1321-1324, p. 2 ; 1324-1327, p. 57. 

'' Comfirmation dated July 18th, 1310 ; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1307-1313, p. 269. 

■* Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, Stephanus de Charron, filius domini Guychardi de 
Charron senioris, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noveritis me remisisse, etc., domino Guychardo 
de Charron fratri meo et heredibus suis et suis assignatis totum jus et clamium quod unquam habui 
vel aliquo modo habere potero in manerio de Horton, Stickelaw et Herford, cum omnibus aliis terris et 
tenementis ad dictas villas qualitercumque pertinentibus, etc. In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto 
sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus, dominis Johanne de .Swynneburne, Ricardo de Horsseley tunc 
vicecomite Northumbrie, Rogero Maudut, Johanne de Woderington, Rogero Corbet, militibus, Ada 
Baret, Bartholpmeo Benet, Johanne de Essyngden, Petro de Eland, Waltero de Burneton, Willelmo 
Baret, et multis aliis. Datum apud Novum Castrum super Tinam, in crastino Trinitatis, anno regni 
regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi tercio [June 15th, 1310]. Waterford Charters, No. 57. By a deed 
without date Stephen de Charron quit-claimed to his brother the above-mentioned premises and lands 
in Cramlington : 'hiis testibus, Hugone de la Wal, Hugone Gubione, Johanne de Cambhou, Rogero 
Corbett, militibus, Johanne de Woderingtun, Waltero de Selby, Alexandre de Suileburn, Willelmo de 
Suethop, et aliis. Ibid. No. 34. 

' Cal. Close Rolls, 131S-1323, p. 674. ' Lay Subsidy Roll, ip. 





Arms: Argent, three pitchers gules, a bordure snhle bezanty. Caerlaverock, Parlia- 
mentary and Boroughbridge Rolls; seal of Bertram Monboucher III. in 
Durham Treasury. The same arms occurred on a shield formerly in St. 
Andrew's church, Newcastle; Queen's College (O-iford) MS. 166, fol. 79, 
where the bordure is incorrectly tinctured vert. Sir Nicholas Monboucher of 
Gamston in 1375 charged his shield with a chevron for difference (Thoroton, 
Nottinghamshire, vol. iii. pp. 255, 256). His son, Ralph Monboucher, bore the 
plain coal of argent, three pitchers gules. Jenyns' Book of Arms in the 
Atitiijuary, vol. ii. p. gg. 

Sir Bertram Monhoucher I. had the manor of Sutton- : 
upon-Trent settled upon him on marriage, 1 3 10, when 
he also received four manors in Sussex from the earl of 
Richmond (rf) ; succeeded to Horton and the other 
estates of Guischard de Charron in right of his wife in 
1314; had grant of Seghill for life, 20th November, 
1318; Inq. p.m. :3th December, 1332 (</). 

Reginald Monbouclier, 
son and heir, was 
seventeen years of age 
in December, 1332 
(rf) ; held Sutton- 
upon-Trent in 1346 
{Feudal Aids, vol.'iv. 
p. III). 

Isabella, daughter of Sir 
Richard Willoughby ; mar- 
ried secondly, John de la 
Peche of Hampton-in-Arden, 
CO. Warwick ; settlement upon 
second marriage dated 20th 
September, 1350 (Ca/. Close 
Rails, 1349 1353, p. 607). 

Sir George Monboucher, knight (n) ; ; 
held Gamston-upon-Idle in Not- 
tinghamshire, and Swinhope in 
Lincolnshire in right of his wife ; 
served in France in 1 347 (^Cal. Pat. 
Rolls, 1345-1348, p. 553); died 
before 24th August, 1349 (ibid. 
1348-1350, p. 371). 

Joan, daughter and heir 
of Sir Guischard de 
Charron ; married 
secondly. Sir Richard 
Willoughby of Wolla- 
ton, CO. Notts ; living 
I2th August, 1342. 

Isabella, daughter and 
heir of Gerard de 
Chauncy, a ward of 
Sir Bertram Mon- 
boucher I. ; living 
5th May, 1342 {Cal. 
Close Rolls, 1341- 
1343, P- 434)- 


Sir Bertram Monboucher II. of: 
Horton, knight, was forty-nine 
years of age in 1386 {Scrope 
and Grosvenor Roll^ ; sheriff 
of Northumberland, 1 374, 
1377, 1379. 1380, 1387 and 
1388; knight of the shire, 
1373. 1377 -inJ 1386 ; died 6th 
August, 1388 (g). 

Christiana, daugh- 
ter of Roger 
and heiress of 
one-sixth of the 
estates of Rich- 
ard de Emel- 
don ; married 
circa 1 358. 

. I 
Sir Nicholas 
of Gamston, 
knight, son and 
heir ; was ten 
years of age, 
17th January, 
1352/3 W;died 
23rd August, 
1384 if)- 

Margaret [sister 
of Sir Ralph 
Cromwell of 
((fa/. Pat. 
Rolls, 1381- 

1385,?. 487); 
living 23rd 
July, 1409 

Joan, wife of Sir Ed- 
mund Pierpoint (a) 
of Holme, co. Notts. 


Margaret, wife of Anker 
Frecheville (a) of 
Staveley, co. Derby, -i^ 

Isabella, wife of Sir John 
Clifton (rt) of Clifton, 
CO. Notts. 

George Monboucher = 
of Gamston and jure 
jixoris of Skipwith, 
CO. Yorks (A) ; son 
and heir ; was twelve 
years of age at his 
lather's death {/) ; 
will dated gth June, 
1409 (c) ; died s.p. 
15th June, 1409(7) ; 
buried at Gamston 

and heiress 
of William 
(<) ; took 
the veil 
on her 
death (c). 

Ralph Mon- : 
boucher of 
brother and 
heir ; was 
years of age 
at his bro- 
ther's death 
(/) ; died s.p. 
iitti Sept., 
1416 (/). 

Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Foljambe of 
Riby, CO. Lincoln ; mar- 
ried secondly, John 
CO. Notts ; took the veil 
on the death of her se- 



I ah 

husband in 
will dated 
1462 (O ; 
July, 1464 



buried at Nuthall (0- 

Bertram Monboucher, named in the 

will of his brother George (r) ; died 

s.p. (;•) before 1416. 

Isabel, sister and co-heir (/) ; wife of 
John Burgh of Cowlhorp, co. V'orks ; 
died s.p. 24th January, 1450/1 (y). 

Margaret, sister and co-heir (/) ; wife 
of John Kirmond, usher of the Ex- 
chequer, who died i6th December, 
1435 (0 ; ^^^ '"^^ ''^'"gi 30th 
April, I451, being then seventy-two 
years of age (7). 

Bertram Monboucher III. 
of Horton, son and 
heir ; was of full age 
at his father's death 
(^) ; succeeded his 
father as sheriff in 
1388 ; died 6th Octo- 
ber, 1399 (/;). 

Elizabeth, daughter of Bowes, 

had the manor of Beamish settled 
upon her as dower in 1 397/8 ; 
married secondly, William Whit- 
chester of Seaton Delaval ; thirdly, 
Roger Fulthorp ; fourthly, Thomas 
Holden, and fifthly. Sir Robert 
Hilton (see Whttchester Pedigree') ; 
died l6th August, 1450 (/). 

Reginald Monboucher, 
named in an entail 
made by his grand- 
father, Roger Wid- 
drington, 3rd April, 
1372 (^Proc. N.S.A. 
3rd series, vol. iii. 
P- 97). 

Isabella, married first. Sir 
Henry de Heton of Chil- 
Ungham, and secondly, 
Robert Harbottle of Pres- 
ton (^see Heton Pedigree') ; 
ultimate heir of the Mon- 
boucher est.ates («;) ; died 
23rd October, 1426 (h) 
(see Harbottle Pedigree), -i. 


Bertram Monboucher IV. of Horton, son and heir ; was eight years of age in September, 1401 (.4) ; died in : 
London, 8th February, 141 3/4 Ci). 

Bertram Monboucher V., son and heir ; an infant at the time of his father's death (i) ; died s.p. 15th June, 1425 (m). 

(a) Visitalion of Noltinghamshire, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 4, p. 47. 

((S) Lincolnshire Peiiigrees, Harl. Soc. Pub. pp. 361, 894. 

{/) Tesldiiunta Ehoi'acnisia, Surt. Soc. Pub. vol. i. p. 356 ; vol. ii. p. 262 ; vol. iii. pp. 319, 333. 

(rf) Im/. p.m. Bertram Monboucher I., 6 Edw. III. second numbers, No. 78, taken at Bourghersh, co. Sussex, 

13th December, 1332. 
{<■) Iiiq. p.m. George Monboucher, 27 Edw. III. first numbers, No. 33, taken at Lincoln, 17th January, 1352/3. 
(f) Imj.p.m. Nicholas Monboucher, -8 Ric. II. No. 27, taken at Lincoln, 3rd October, 1384. 
(^) hiq. p.m. Bertram Monboucher II., 12 Ric. II. No. 36, taken at Newcastle, 1st September, and at Morpeth, 

i6lh September, 13S8 ; Durham Cursitors' Records, Reg. ii. fol. Hid. 
(/;) Iwj. p.m. Bertram Monboucher III., I Hen. IV. No. 30, taken at Newcastle, l8th May, 1401 ; Durham 

Cursitors' Records, Reg. ii. fol. 131. 
(O Inij.p.m. George Monboucher, 10 Hen. IV. No. 33, taken at Gamston, 23rd July, 1409. 
(Q Inj.p.m. Bertram Monboucher IV. ; Escheators' Inquisitions, file 1351, No. 5, taken at Morpeth, 14th .\ugust, 

1413 ; Inq.p.m. 5 Hen. V. No. 31, taken at Newcastle, 15th November, 1417. 
(/) Inq.p.m. Ralph Monboucher, 4 Hen. V. No. 47, taken at Gamston, 26th September, 1416. 
{m) Inj. p.m. Bertram Monboucher \'. ; Escheators' Inquisitions, file 1357, No. 2, file 1389, No. 2; taken at 

Newcastle, Sth and loth November, 1425. 
(n) Inq.p.m. Isabella Harbottle, 5 Hen. VI. No. 40 ; taken at Newcastle, nth November, 1426. 
(0) Inq.p.m. John Kirmond, 14 Hen. VI. No. 15 ; taken at Horncastle, 13th January, 1435/6. 
(/) Inq. p.m. Elizabeth Hilton; Durham Cursitors' Records, portf. 164, No. 100; taken at Durham, 29th 

September, 1450. 
(i/) Inq.p.m. Isabella Burgh, 29 Hen. VI. No. 35 ; taken at Navenby, co. Lincoln, 30th April, 1451. 
(r) Inq. p.m. Margaret Cockfield, 4 Edw. IV. No. 38 ; taken at Nottingham, 14th June, 1465. 

The Monbouchers had, from the twelfth century, been attached to the 
household of the dukes of Brittany,' but it v^as not until the close of the 
thirteenth century that one of their number. Sir Bertrand or Bertram de 
Monboucher, accompanied his lord to England. Bertram de Monboucher 
is first mentioned in 1300, when he was present at the siege of Carlaverock, 
apparently as commander of the English artillery.^ As a member of the 
retinue of John, duke of Brittany and earl of Richmond, he took part in 
the siege of Dunfermline in 1304,^ and fought in the victorious campaign 
of 1306 that drove Robert Bruce into e.xile.^ His exploits upon these 
several occasions received recognition in a grant made to him, on May 

' The names of Simon and William de Monboucher occur as witnesses to charters of Conan, duke 
of Brittany (1146-1170); Cal. Documents preserved in France, p. 305 ; Registrum Honoris de Richmond, 
appendix, p. 105. A pedigree of the lords of Montbourcher in Brittany, deriving their descent from 
Tristan, baron de Vitre, is given in the Dictionnaive de la Noblesse, ed. De la Chenaye-Desbois et Badier, 
ed. 1869, vol. .xiv. pp. 126-134, but does not serve to affiliate the English family. 

'" La vi je tout primer venir, 
Le bon Bertram de Montbotichier. 
De goules furent trois pichier, 
En son escu d'argent, luissant 
En le ourle noire Ii besant. 
.... Bretouns estoit. 
Siege of Karlaverock, ed. Nicolas, p. 66, ed. Wright, p. 27. The roll of Durham knights who are sup- 
posed to have fought at Lewes, printed in Bishop Hatfield's Survey, pp. xiv-.wi, and in Hutchinson, History 
of Durham, vol. i. pp. 220-222, includes Sir Bertram de Monboucfier, but is very unreliable as an authority. 
' Palgrave, Documents Illustrating the History of Scotland, Record Com. pp. 265, 271. 
' Cal. Close Rolls, 1313-1318, p. 361. 


1 8th, 1308, of all the lands in Scotland formerly belonging to Richard 
Fresel.' In 13 14 he succeeded to Horton in right of his wife. Gilbert 
de Middleton's rebellion, the consequent seizure of Horton pele by Mon- 
boucher's neighbour, Sir Walter de Selby of Seghill ; and the final siege 
and surrender of the pele, after an obstinate defence on tlie part of vSelby 
and Roger Mauduit, have been described previously,^ and need not be 
recapitulated. After the rising had been quelled, Monboucher was restored 
to his estate, and received in addition, at the parliament of York, a grant 
of Selby's manor of Seghill for life.^ 

In 1320 Monboucher accompanied his sovereign to France.^ He fought 
on the king's side at Boroughbridge, March i6th, 1321/2,^ and, later in the 
year, served under John of Brittany, earl of Richmond, in the invasion 
of Lothian that ended with the earl's capture by the Scots at Byland.** 
In the same year, on July 18th, his services were rewarded by a grant of 
the custody of the infant heiress of Gerard de Chauncy of Swinhope in 
Lincolnshire,' whom he married to his younger son, George de Monboucher, 
progenitor of the Monbouchers of Swinhope and of Gamston-upon-Idle in 
the county of Nottingham. He received a summons to attend a great 
council at Westminster in May, 1324,** and, in the following November, 
went abroad with the earl of Richmond upon the king's service.^ He died 
in or before the year 1332. 

His widow, Joan Monboucher, married, secondly. Sir Richard de 
Willoughby of Wollaton, chief justice of the King's Bench,'" to whom she- 
brought the Charron estates with the exception of those lands that her 
mother still held in dower. After her second marriage she appears to 
have quitted Horton for her husband's home in Nottinghamshire." Her 
eldest son, Reginald, did not long survive her, and, dying, left a son and 
heir. Sir Bertram Monboucher II., then a minor. 

' Cal. Chaytcr Rolls, vol. iii. p. no. 

« See above, pp. 58-61. The stubborn character of the defence made by Selby and his party in 
Horton is shown by the cost of provisioning the besieging force, which amounted to the considerable 
sum of ^37 6s. Sd. Cal. Close Rolls, 1333-1337, p- 228. 

" Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1317-1321, p. 239. •" Ibid. pp. 419, 452. 

' Boroughbridge Roll in Palgrave, Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii. div. ii. appendix, p. 198 ; Genealogist, 
2nd series, vol. i. p. 121. 

« Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1321-1324, p. 189. " Ibiil. p. 191. ' Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii. div. ii. p. 651. 

» Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1324-1327, p. 56. '° Cal. Close Rolls, 1333-1337, p. 201. 

" The following persons paid subsidy in Horton in 1336: Nicholaus Whitheved, 3s. 4d. ; Ricardus 
de Horton, 4s. ; Robertus Bercar, 2s. ; Ricardus Flan, 5s. 4d. ; Ricardus cocus, 3s.; Summa, 17s. Sd. 


The second Bertram Monboucher first took the field in 1359, when he 
fought in France under the standard of John of Gaunt, and took part in 
the siege of Paris/ Between the year 1373 and his death, on August 6tl], 
13S8, he was four times sheriff of Northumberland, thrice represented that 
county in parliament, acted upon several occasions as assessor of subsidies, 
and was placed on various commissions of enquiry into the state of the 
fortification of northern castles." By his marriage with Christiana de 
Widdrington, grand-daughter of Matilda de Acton, who w-as one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of Richard de Emeldon, he acquired one-sixth of 
the manor of Jesmond, lands and tenements in Elswick, Heaton, Byker, 
Shotton, Cramlington, Thirston, Wooden, Alnwick and Embleton ; tene- 
ments in Newcastle, and lands in West Herrington in Durham.' He left 
issue a son, Bertram Monboucher III., and a daughter, Isabella, who was 
given in marriage first to Sir Henry de Heton of Chillingham and secondly 
to Robert Harbottle of Preston. 

Elizabeth, the wife of Bertram Monboucher III., was left a widow in 
1399, and, shortly afterwards, married her neighbour, William Whitchester 
of Seaton Delaval,* to whom she brought as jointure the Monboucher manor 

Lay Subsidy Roll, ifs. Richard Flane, whose name occurs in this roll, was owner of certain lands in 
Whitlawe and Cramlington in right of his wife, Margaret, daughter and heir of Thomas de Boroughdon. 
Cat. Pat. Rolls, 1334-1338, p. 256. Nicholas Whitheved was lessee of Stickley under Sir Richard de 
Willoughby and his wife. The lease has been preserved, and runs as follows : Sciatis quod dominus 
Ricardus de Willeby et domina Joh.inna uxor ejus concesserunt et dimiserunt Nicholao Whitheved de 

Seyghall et Alicie uxori ejus cum pratis et suis pertinenciis sine ullo retinemento in Stikelawe, 

habendum et tenendum predicta terias et tenementa cum pratis et suis pertinenciis, etc., a festo sancti 
Martini in hyeme, anno gratie millesimo trecentesinio [tricesimo] tercio, usque ad terminum viginti 
annorum proxime sequentium plenarie completorum, reddendo inde annuatim, etc., sex solidos et octo 
denarios argenti ad duos anni terminos, etc., et faciendo forinsecum servicium pertinens ad terras et 
tenementa predicta pro omni seivicio et accioni, etc. Hiis testibus, domino Rogero [Maiiduit, tunc 

vicecomite] Northumbrie, domino Roberto de la Vale, milite, Roberto de Ryhill, de Fenwyk, 

Roberto Vescy de Haliwell, et aliis. Datum apud Horton, , anno millesimo trecentesinio 

tricesimo tercio. Brit. Mus. Harleian Charters, 58 B 5. 

' Rymer, Foedera, vol. iii. pp. 443, 483 ; Nicolas, Scropc and Grosvcnor Roll, vol. i. pp. 168-170. 

^ Sir Bertram Monboucher II. was directed to report upon the condition of Bamburgh castle in 
1378 {Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1377-1381, p. 127), upon the state of the defences of the town of Newcastle in 137S 
and again in 1380 {ibid. pp. 308, 510), and upon the waste state of the king's castles of Berwick, 
Roxburgh and Newcastle in 1384 {Rotuli Scotiae, Record Com. vol. ii. p. 69). A tower upon the walls 
of Newcastle, east of Newgate, bore his name and may have been constructed by him (Bourne, History 
of Newcastle, p. 15). 

^ Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 274 (Horton miscellanea, No. 2). The date of the 
marriage may be fixed by a bond given by Roger Widdrington and Gerard his brother to Bertram 
Monboucher, dated February 14th, 1357/8. Cal. Close Rolls, 1354-1360, p. 499. The descent of 
the Monboucher lands in Jesmond is set out in Dendy, Jesmond {Arch. Ael. 3rd series, vol. i.), 
pp. 78-83. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1401-1405, p. 12. In consequence of this marriage the 'fortalicium ' of Horton is 
entered in the list of Northumbrian castles and fortresses drawn up in 141 5 as held by the heirs of 
William Whitchester. Bates, Border Holds {Aich. Ael. 2nd series, vol. xiv.), p. 14. 


of Beamish in the county of Durham.^ She was successively guardian of 
her son, Bertram Monboucher IV., and of her grandson, Bertram Mon- 
boucher V., who both died before attaining the age of twenty-one years. 
With the death of the last named, on June 15th, 1425, the Monboucher 
family became extinct in the male line, and their estates passed to Isabella 
Harbottle, daughter of Sir Bertram Monboucher II. 

Robert Harbottle, whose widow thus succeeded to the Monboucher 
inheritance, took his name from Harbottle in Coquetdale, but nothing 
further can be ascertained regarding his origin. Possibly he had discarded 
for a local appellation the original surname of his house." The first known 
event in his life is a murder committed by him at Methley, in Yorkshire, 
on August 26th, 1392, when in the service of Sir Matthew Redman, 
constable of Berw-ick, for which he subsequently obtained pardon.' Upon 
the accession of Henry IV. he obtained a post in the royal household.^ 
On August 1 6th, 1403, a grant was made to him of the custody of the 
lands of his nephew, Bertram Monboucher IV., the wardship having been 
forfeited by Sir Henry Percy, best known as Hotspur, the original grantee.^ 
He was appointed deputy-butler for the port of Newcastle on March 5th, 
1403/4," and was made constable of Dunstanburgh castle on June 13th, 
1409,' and seneschal of Dunstanburgh lordship for life on April 5th, 14 17.' 
In 1408, and again in 14 13, he acted as sheriff of the county. Before his 
death in 14 19 he had acquired, by successive purchases, the manor of 
Preston and a portion of the adjoining estate of Ellingham.' 

' Beamish was in 1397/S settled upon Bertram Monboucher III. and his wife, to hold jointly in tail. 
Durham Chancery Enrolments, roll 44, No. 101. 

" Prior to adopting the additional quarterings of Charron and Monboucher, the Harbottles appear 
to have quartered their canting coat of three hair-bottles with one borne, with varying tinctures, by the 
families of Ros, Ilderton and Lilburn, namely, ardent, three water-bougets sable. An Elizabethan 
manuscript (Queen's College, Oxford, MS. 166, fol. 79), containing notes of armorial bearings in the old 
church of All Saints, Newcastle, gives the following shield : quarterly ; i nnif- 4, argent, a bend between 
three bottles vert ; 2 and 3, argent, three water-bougets vert. In this connexion it is interesting to find, in a 
collection of deeds relating to the Harbottle and Monboucher estates, two grants to Kirkham priory, 
made respectively by Thomas, son of Henry de Ilderton, and by Robert de Ros. Dodsworth MSS. vol. 
Ixx. fols. 69, 72. 

' Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1391-1396, pp. 404, 688. 

< Ibid. 1399-1401, pp. 19, 294. ' Ibid. p. 49 ; 1401-1405, pp. 255, 329. 

» Ibid. 1401-1405, p. 349. 

' See vol. ii. of this series, p. 201. On the other hand, he was already styled constable of Dunstan- 
burgh on February 14th, 1403/4 ; Cnl. Pat. Rolls, 1401-1405, p. 365. 

' Duchy of Lancaster Records, class 11, No. 17, pt. 3, fol. i b. Compare vol. ii. of this series, 
PP- 3'-32- 

° See vol. ii. of this series, pp. 243, 321-322. 

Vol. IX. 34 




Arms: Quarterly, I, azure, three hottlea hendways or (Ilarbotlle) ; 2, argent, 
three escallops gules (for Charron) ; 3, argent, three pitchers gules (for 
Monboucher) ; 4, argent, three water-liougets salile (llderton ?). The various 
rolls exhibit considerable differences in the tincture and the order of the 
quarterings. See Constable's Roll, and compare Arch. Ael. 2nd series, 
vol. iv. page 214, and 3rd series, vol. jii. p. 263. Sir Robert Harbottle bore 
azure, three bottles or. Glover's Ordinary. His father, Robert Harbottle 
of Preston, bore on his shield three flies or bluebottles. Brit. Mus. Add. 
Charters, No. 6,052. 

Robert Harbottle of Preston, 
constable of Dunstanburgh 
castle ; sheriff of Northumber- 
land, 1407 and 1412 ; died 6th 
May, 1419 (a). 

Isabel, daughter and ultimate heiress of 
Sir Bertram Monboucher of Horton, 
and widow of Sir Henry de Heton (who 
died October, 1399) ; died 23rd October, 
1426 (K). 

Sir Robert Harbottle of Horton, = Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Thomas Harbot- = Agnes, daughter and 

knight, son and heir («) (/^ ; was 
nineteen years of age at his father's 
death («) ; escheator of Northumber- 
land in 1438 and sheriff in 1439 ; 
died 14th November, 1443 if). 

Ogle; articles before marriage, tie (c) of Cram- 

14th June, 1424 ; settlement after lington (^)/»« 

marriage, 20th August, 1424 (/) ; uxoris ; living 

married secondly, Nicholas Bel- 21st January, 

lingham (n)- 1465/6 {t). 

heiress of Sir William 
Cramlington and 
widow of Thomas 
Lawson, died i6th 
October, 1466 (.?). 

Bertram Harbottle of Horton, son and heir; stated ^ Joan, daughter of Thomas, lord Luniley ; settlement upon marriage. 

to have been of full age at his father's death (c) ; 
sheriff of Northumberland, 1447 ; died August, 
1462 (rf) ; [buried at Sedgefield]. 

l8th October, 1439 (/) ; had her husband's lands in Sussex for dower ; 
married secondly, William Covvell {Early Chancery Proceedings, 
bundle 56, No. 259) ; living 9th December, 1492 {k). 

Sir Ralph Harbottle of Hor- = Margaret, upon 

ton, knight, son and heir ; whom her husband 

was nine years of age at (whom she sur- 

his father's death (</) ; vived) settled 

sheriff of Northumber- Beamish and other 

land, 1495 ; constable of lands in co. Dur- 

Prudhoe castle (z) ; died ham for life, 2nd 

June, 1504 (/). Nov., 1492 (/). 

Anthony Harbottle, to 
whom, with his wife, 
Joan, Sir Ralph 
Harbottle gave 
Cawsey and land in 
Preston in tail male, 
31st March, 1487 
(/) («)• 

Sir Guischard Harbottle of Horton, 
knight, son and heir ; was twenty 
years of age on 6th Januar}', 
15°4/5 (/) ; constable of Prudhoe 
castle (/) ; slain at Flodden-field, 
gth September, 151 3 (^). 

Joan, daughter of Sir Henry 
W^illoughby of Wollaton ; 
articles before marriage, 
2i5t January, 1501/2 (f) ; 
died in her husband's life- 
time (^). 

! I I 

Elizabeth, wife of 
Richard Harding 
of Hollinside(o). 

Lucy, wife of Sir 
John Carnaby of 
Halton (h). 

Agnes, wife of Sir 
Roger Fenwick 

I I I I 
Alice or Alison, wife of John Hebburn of Hardwick, 

CO. Durham {0). 
Eleanor, wife of George Bird of Newcastle (;>). 
Isabel, betrothed to John Swinhoe of Rock, 17th 

July, 1492 (/f). 
Anne, living unmarried, 17th July, 1492 (Ji). 

Robert Harbottle of 
Grantham, obtained a 
general pardon, I2th 
February, 1480/1 (Cal. 
Pat. Rolls, 1476-1485, 
p. 234); a guo Har- 
bottle of Egleton, co. 
Rutland (7). 

George Harbottle = 
of Horton, son 
and heir ; was 
four years of 
age, 1st August, 
I5I3(.?); died 
s.p. 20th Janu- 
ary, 1527/8 Qi). 

Margaret, daughter of Ralph, 
third lord Ogle {g) ; married 
secondly, before 4lh Septem- 
ber, 1536, Thomas Middleton 
of Belsay, and thirdly, before 
1st February, 1546/7, Richard 
Dacre, constable of Morpeth 
castle; living 25th July, 1548 



Eleanor, sister and co-heir ; was 
twenty-four years of age at her 
brother's death (h) ; married first. 
Sir Thomas Percy, and secondly. 
Sir Richard Holland of Denton, 
CO. Lancashire ; articles before 
her second marriage, loth Novem- 
ber, 1540 (;) ; will dated l8th 
May, 1566 ; died April, 1567. ^ 


Mary, sister and co-heir ; was 
twenty-two years of age at 
her brother's death (//) ; 
married Sir Edward Fit- 
ton of Gawsworth, co. 
Cheshire ; will dated 3rd 
April, 1551 ; died 12th 
December, 1556 ; buried at 
Gawsworth. ^ 

* It has not been found possible to affiliate with the main stem of this family the numerous cadet and collateral 
branches which established themselves not only in Northumberland and Durham, but in the counties of Lincolnshire 
(Lincolnshire Pedigrees, Harl. Soc. Pub. vol. ii. p. 456), Suffolk (^Visitations of Suffolk, ed. Metcalfe, p. 37), Sussex 
(Visitations of Sussex, Harl. Soc. Pub. No. 53, p. 138), and Brecknockshire (Jones, History of Brecknockshire, vol. ii. 
pp. 47-49). The principal Northumbrian branches were the Harbottles of Preston (see vol. ii. of this series, 
pp. 324-326), and the Harbottles of Beadnell and Tughall-hall (see vol. i. pp. 328, 354). In the county of Durham 
there were allied families of this name at Beckley-hall near Kibblesworth, Tanfield, and Cawsey near Beamish (Surtees, 
Durham, vol. ii. pp. 219, 223 n, 235). The Suffolk family is now represented by the earl of Verulam. 



(n) Inq.p.m. Robert Flarbottle, 8 lien. V. No. 5, t;ikfii 

at Morpeth, 20th June, 1420. 
(/') Iiiq. p.m. Isabel Harbottle, 5 Hen. VI. No. 40, 

taken at Newcastle, Ilth November, 1426. 
(c) Inq. p.m. Sir Robert Harbottle, 22 Hen. VI. No. 17, 

taken at Newcastle, nth October, 1444. 
(</) hiij. p.m. Bertram Harbottle, 2 Edw. IV. No. 11, 

taken at Ponteland, 17th October, 1462 ; compare 

Durham Cursitors' Records, portf. 166, No. 40. 
(^) Ing. p.m. Agnes Harbottle, 6 Edw. IV. No. 31, 

taken at Newcastle, 30th January, 1466/7. 
CO ^"J.p.m. Sir Ralph Harbottle, 20 Hen. VII. No. 85, 

taken at Morpeth, 9th June, 1 505 ; compare 

Durham Cursitors' Records, portf. 171, No. 4, 

and portf. 172, No. 7. 
(^) hiq. p.m. Sir Guischard Harbottle, Exchequer 

Inquisitions, series ii. file 726, No. i ; taken at 

Rothbury, 1515/6; compare file 736, No. 9, and 

file 1072, No. 3 ; Durham Cursitors' Records, 

portf. 173, Nos. 12 and 48. 
(//) III'/, p.m. George Harbottle, taken at Durham, 23rd 

March, 1527/8; Durham Cursitors' Records, portf. 

174, No. 13. Compare K.xcher|uer Inquisitions, 

series ii. file 230, No. 14, file 743, No. 4, and file 

1080, No. 3. 
(0 Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 
H') Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 
(/) Dodsworth MSS. vol. xxxii. fols. 113-I15, 124; vol. 

xlv. fol. 51 b. 
(w) Swinburne, Miscelluneous Charters, pp. 41-42. 
(h) Flower's Viiitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4. 
(0) Flower's Visitation of Durham and Northumberland, 1 575. 
(/>) Glover's Visitation of Yorkshii e, 1584/5. 
(y) Vincent's Visitation of Rutland, 161S, Harl. Soc. Pub. 

Evidences to Harbottle Pedigree. 

Cest endenture tesmoigne que accorde est parentre Robert de Ogle et John Bartram chivalers, dun part, et 
dame Isabell, qui fuist la femme Robert Herbotell esquier qui raort est, et Robert Herbotell, fitz et heir de dit Robert, 
dautre part, que le dit Robert le fitz espousera et a femme prendra Margerie, file de dit Robert de Ogle ; quel mariage 
serra fait as costages le dit Robert de Ogle a certein temps et jour pur estre assignes et limites par les ditz parlies. 
Et lez ditz dame Isabell et Robert le fitz ferrount estre fait seure estate en ley as ditz Robert le fitz et Margerie, 
et a lez heits de corps le dit Robert engendrerez, des toutz lez terres, molyns et possessions, od lez appurtenauntz, 
en Elyngeham, quelx furount le dit Robert le pier, et ceo deins quarraunt jours apres lez ditz espouselx celebreez, 
reversion et remayndre ent al dit Robert le fitz et a sez heirs et assignes a toutz jours regardantz par sufficiant 
chartres et escripts ent affaires. Et le dit Robert de Ogle paiera devaunt mayn al dit Robert le fitz, pardevaunt lez 
ditz espouselx celebrees, dys livers dor d'Engleterre ; et outre ceo ferra le dit Robert de Ogle estre fait feoffament 
et seure estate en ley a dit Robert le fitz, sez heirs et assignes, dez toutz lez terres, tenamentz et dautres possessions 
od lour appurtenauntz en Newstede juxta Elyngeham, a avoir et teneir tanque qils ayent resceux plenerment dez 
fermes et dautres comodites dicelx clerement, par bon et loial accompt entre eux pur estre fait, synquaunt et synk 
marcez del monois d'Engleterre, ou al myns tanque le dit Robert de Ogle ad paie et gre fait al dit Robert le fitz, 
sez heirs ou executours, del dit somme de Iv marcez, saunz fraude ou male engyne ; quel p.i5'ement bien et loialment 
fait en fourme avauntdit, adonqs bien lirra al dit Robert de Ogle et sez heirs en ycelx terres, tenementz et possessions 
en Newstede reentrer en son primer estate. Et auxi le dit Robert de Ogle avera et tiendra en son hostell le dit 
Margerie, et un damoysell od luy continualment, et le dit Robert le fitz et un vadlet ou autre servaunt od luy quaunt 
ils veignet, et lours chivalx a bouche du court. Et la dit Margerie trovera tout sa vesture et atyre, saunz rien prendre 
pur ycelle, par deux auns ensuantz les ditz espouselx celebreez. Et auxi le dit Robert de Ogle ferra seure estate 
en ley par sufficiantz chartres, as ditz Robert le fitz et Margerie, dun portion du terre contenaunt une acre en longure 
et troys demyes acres en layure en lez champes de Elyngeham, gisant sur le Nethirend del Doufhill juxt le eawe, 
pres lesglis, pur y mettre un molyn fuUerye, od flemez, dammes, courses, trenches, et toutz autres easementz 
necessaires ent affaires, reparailler, amender et susteigner, solonques lours avises et lours heirs, si sovent come lour 
plerra, as toutz jours. Et outre ceo le dit Robert de Ogle a eux grauntera sufficeant polar et licencez en ley, a eux et 
lour heirs as toutz jours, pour fower, overer et trenchier a Paynscroft deins la dit champe a lours volunties, pur amesner 
et fair currer le eawe appelle Waldenburn tanque al eawe qui court as molyns de dit Robert le fitz, pur augmenter 
et encrescer la value et profet dez ditz moleyns, a avoir et teigner lez ditz porcion du terre, coursez dez eawes et 
toutz autres easementz et profettes, as ditz Robert le fitz et Margerie et a lour heirs dez lours deux corps engendrez, 
rendant ent al dit Robert de Ogle et a sez heirs par an un rose al fest de saynt Johan Baptistre, sil soit demaunde ; 
le remayndre outre entierment dez ditz porcion de terre, courses dez eawes et dez toutz autres easementz et profettes 
avauntditz, as droit heirs de dit Robert le fitz et a sez heirs as toutz jours ; rendant ent de lors en avaunt, a dit 
Robert de Ogle, sez heirs et assignes annuelment, quarrant deiners as termes de seynt Martyn en }'ver et Pentecoste, 
od clauses de destresses pur nounpaiement en lez molyns et en toutz autres terres de dit Robert le fitz en El}'ngheham 
esteantz. Ad toutz quelx covenauntz perfourner lez ditz partyes sount assures et sermentez par lour foyes, et obligent 
eux, lour heirs et executours, entrechaungeablement chescun party a autry partie par 3'cests ovesque lour sealx several- 
ment enseales. Donnee le quatorsim jour de Juny, Ian nostre seignur mill quatercentz vynt et quater. Brit. Mus. 
Cottonian Charters, xxviii. No. 32. 

To all men that this present shall see or heare, I Thomas lorde Lumley send greeteinge in God everlasteinge. 
.Forasmuch as it is meritory to recorde the truth in every thinge, I, ye said lorde Lumley, the xv"' day of May 


in the xvij"' yeare of the raigne of our soveraigne lorde kinge Edward the iiij"', afore John, prior of Gisburne, 
Thomas Stitnam, supprior of the same, WilHam Tilliolfe esquire, Robert Lumley esquire, John Berwick esquire, 
John Eshe esquire, at Kiltone hath declared and will at all tymes recorde for truth that, after the mariage made 
betvveene Bartram Ilarbotell and Jane my daughter, by the advise of Thomas Fulthorpe justice and William Norman 
of Houghtone in the bishopricke of Duiham, and other at the tyme beeinge of my counsell, accordeinge to the 
comaundez comprised in the indenture of the said mariage, Sir Robert Harbotell knight and his feoffez made a deede 
of feffment indented, to the foresaid Bartram and Joane his wiffe, of the manor of Preston and of the towne of Woudon 
with all theire appurtenances in the county of Northumberland, and alsoe a lettre of attorney to Robert Doxford and 
Richard Cutter to deliver seisin to the said Bartram and Joane his wife. The said Richard Cutter and divers of 
my servants, both Thomas Celsee and other, was there with the said Bartram when hee tooke seissin. And, that 
done, I had ye said .... and all the said ferme thereof iiij yeare, to fynde the said Bartram and Joan. And then 
I let ye said Bartram and Joane have all the said lands and tenements a whoU yeare in the life of the said Sir Robert 
Harbotell ; and ever since have both ye said Bartram and Joane had the same manor and towne, and alsoe allwaies 
since the discees of the said Bartram ; till now on late that Raffe Harbotell hath wrongfully, withouten tytle of right 
but with mastery, withhouldeth it from his said mother by uncourteous counsell. In witnes whereof I, ye said 
Thomas lord Lumley, to this present wrytemge have hereto set my seale. And alsoe wee, John, prior of Gisburne, 
Thomas Stitnam, subprior of the same, William Tilliolf esquire, Robert Lumley esquire, John Barwik esquire, 
and John Esshe esquire will recorde and beare witness that wee hard ye said Thomas lorde Lumley say that there 
was lawfuU livery and seisisne given of the said manor of Preston [and] of the towne of Woudon with all theire 
appurtenances within the county of Northumberlande to the said Baitram Herbotell and Joan his wiffe, in manner 
and forme as is afore specifyed. And in witnes hereof wee, ye said John, prior of Gisburne, Thomas, William, Robert, 
John, and John to this present wryteinge have set to our seales. Dated the day and yeare aforesaid. Dodsworth 
MSS. vol. xxxii. fol. 125 b. 

Sir Guischard Harbottle, fourth in descent from Robert Harbottle 
and Isabella Monboucher, who was slain in a hand-to-hand encounter with 
James IV. at the battle of Flodden/ betrothed his infant son and heir, 
George Harbottle, to Margaret, daughter of Ralph, third lord Ogle. He 
settled the manor of Horton, upon that occasion, on his son and on 
Margaret Ogle, with remainder to the latter for her life, and with ultimate 
remainder to his son's right heirs.' Within a few months of Sir Guischard's 
death, on March 22nd, 15 13/4, Henry, fifth earl of Northumberland, entered 
upon the manor of Preston and seized George Harbottle as his ward, sub- 
sequently selling the marriage and custody of the said George to the boy's 
mother-in-law, Margaret, lady Ogle.^ She leased the manor of Horton, 
on July 6th, 15 15, to Thomas Lisle, presumably a younger son of Sir 
Humphrey Lisle of Felton,'* and brought up her son-in-law at her manor 
house of Hirst in Woodhorn, where she was living with Walter Loveday, her 
second husband. The earl's claim to the wardship was, however, disputed 
by the Crown, by whom the custody of the person and lands of George 
Harbottle were assigned, on April 20th, 1516, to his maternal grandfather, 

''Richard Harbotel, che ha forze immense.' La Rotta di Scocesi, Roxburghe Club, 1S25, p. 36. 
Compare Letters and Papers, Henry VIH., vol. i. p. 668. 

" Exchequer Inq. p.m. series ii. file 726, No. i. 

' Star Chamber Proceedings, Hen. VIIL bundle 21, No. 41. 

' Dodsworth MSS. vol. xlix. foL 68. He is styled Thomas Lisle of Ogle ; Plea Roll, 1,013, I'o*- 569- 


Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton. A trial in the Court of Star Chamber 
followed, in or about the year 1523, to settle the conllicting claims.^ 

George Harbottle died on January 20th, 1527/8, without leaving issue. 
By a settlement made upon his father's marriage, in 1502, the descent of 
the Nottinghamshire and Sussex manors had been limited to the heirs 
general of that marriage," and the Harbottle lands in Northumberland, 
Durham and Yorkshire evidently followed the same line of descent, passing 
to the two sisters and co-heirs of the deceased. Claims to the property 
as next heir male were raised by a certain Cuthbert Harbottle, a dependent 
upon Sir Ralph Fenwick of Stanton and a supposed idiot, but without 
success,'' and Eleanor Harbottle and Mary Harbottle, who took for their 
respective husbands Sir Thomas Percy (younger son of Henry, fifth earl 
of Northumberland) and Sir Edward Fitton of Gawsworth in Cheshire, 
for a time held their brother's estates as tenants in common. 

Meanwhile Margaret, widow of George Harbottle and successively 
wife of Thomas Middleton of Belsay and of Richard Dacre, constable of 
Morpeth castle, claimed a life estate in the manor of Horton in virtue 
of the settlement made upon her first marriage. A settlement was reached 
on August 1 2th, 1540, when Thomas Middleton, as tenant of Horton in 
right of his wife, leased that manor to Sir Edward Fitton for forty years, 
with a provision that his wife, Margaret Middleton, should be suffered to 
enter again upon the manor if, as in fact happened, she should survive 
him. A few days later, on September ist following, the two Harbottle 
co-heiresses made division of their inheritance. Horton, with the manors 
in Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire and Sussex were assigned to Sir Edward 
Fitton and his wife, while Dame Eleanor Percy took the Durham manors 
and all her brother's lands in Northumberland, excepting Horton. The 
terms of the division are set out below. 

This indenture of partition made the first day of September in the xxxij"' yeare of the raigne of our 
most dradde soveraigne lord kinge Henry the eight, by the grace of God, etc., betwixt Dame Elianor 
Percye, wydo, late wife of Sir Thomas Percye, knight, decessed, one of the sisters and heires of George 
Herebotell, esquire, decessed, on the one partie, and Sir Edward Fiton, knight, and Dame Marye his 
wife, the other sister and heire of the sayd George, uppon the other partie, witnesseth that for a particon 
to be had and made amongst them of all the manners, lands, tenementes and hereditamentes, which be 
descended or comen to the seid Dame Elianor and Dame Marye as sisters and heires unto the seid 
George Harebotell, it is fully condescended, agreed, and concluded betwene the parties in manner and 

' Star Chamber Proceedings, Hen. VHI. bundle 21, No. 41. 
^ Exchequer Inq. p.m. series ii. file 736, No. 9 ; file 1072, No. 3. 
' Letters and Pcipers, Henry 17//. vol. iv. p. 1855. 


forme followinge. First the scid Dame Elianor cloth covenant, agree and graunte for hersclfe, her 
heires and executors, to and with the seid Sir Edward and Dame Marye and the heires of the seid Dame 
Marye, that the seid Sir Edward and Dame Marye and the heires of the seid Dame Marye, for the parte 
and purpartie of the sayd Dame Marye of the inheritance of the sayd George Harebotell, shall from 
henceforth have, hold, occupic, cnjoye and quyetly possese to theym and to the heires of the seid Dame 
Marye for ever in severaltie, without chalenge, demaund or interruption of the sayd Dame Elianor and 
her heires or any other in her or their right title and interest, the manners and lordships of Hamerdyne, 
Morley, Filsham and Courtesley, with their appurtenances and members within tlie countie of Sussex, 
with all londes, tenements, woodes, medows, pastures, mores, turbarye, maresses, comiens, waters, 
milnes, warens, fishengs, comodities, rents, revercions, servyces and hereditaments to the sayd manners 
or any of them belonging or apperteyninge, and with the advowsons of all and every churche and 
churches to the sayd mannors or any of them appendant or belonginge ; and that allso the sayd Sir 
Edward and Dame Marye and the heires of the seid Dame Marye shall have to them and to the heires of 
the seid Dame Marye the hoolle mannor and lordshippe of Sutton and Carleton with their membres and 
with all and singuler their appurtenances in the countye of Notyngham ; and that likewise the seid Sir 
Edward and Dame Marye his wife and the heires of the seid Dame Marye shall have, occupie and 
enjoye for ever the inannor and lordshipe of Gayles with the appurtenances called Dalton Travize 
lyinge in the countye of Yorke ; and allso that the seid Sir Edward and Dame Marye and the heires of 
the seid Dame Marye shall have and injoye, without let or interrupcion of the seid Dame Alianor and 
her heirez, the hoolle mannor and lordship of Horton and Sticklowe in the countie of Northumberland, 
and all londez, tenementz, rentez, revercions and servycez which late were to ye seid George Harebotell 
in Horton aforeseid, now beynge in ye possession and occupacion of one Middleton, gentilman, and 
Margaret his wife, late the wife of ye seid George Harebotell, with the membrez and with alle and 
syngler the appurtenancez to the seid manor and other the premyssez in Horton aforeseid belongynge, 
with alle easementez, libertiez and commoditiez to the seid manerz or any of theym belongynge, and alle 
londez, tenementez, milnez, rentez, revercions, servycez and hereditamentez reputed, used or knowen as 
parte, parcell or member belongynge to eny of the seid manorz or eny other ye premissez befor 
assigned to the seid Sir Edward and Dame Marie for ye purpartie of the seid Dame Marie. Also ye 
seid Dame Elianor doth covenant and graunt for herselfe, her heirez and executorz, to and with the seid 
Sir Edward and Dame Marie, and Dame Elianor shall within and by the space of two yerez next and 
immediately folowinge ye date hereof do, suffer, and cause to be doon and suffered, alle and every thynge 
and thyngez that shall be devysed or advised by the seid Sir Edward, Dame Marie his wife and their 
heirez, etc., for further assurance, etc. Also it is agreed betwixt ye seid partiez, and the seid Sir Edward 
Fiton and Dame Marie do covenant and graunt by these presentez for theym, their heirez and executorz, 
to and with the seid Dame Elianor and her heirez, that the seid Dame Elianor shall have to her and to 
her heirez, to hold in severaltie, quyte of and frome the seid Sir Edward and Dame Marie his w-ife and 
the heirez of the seid Dame Marie, the manorz and lordshipez of Bemysshe, Tamfeld and Keblesworth 
within the bishopricke of Durham, with alle commoditiez, easementez and liberties to ye same manorz, 
with ye appurtenancez and other ye premissez in ye seid bisshopricke of Durham, and also the manor 
and lordshipe of Preston, in ye countie of Northumberland, with the appurtenancez, and alle londez, 
tenementez and hereditamentez in Preston in the seid countie of Northumberland, which wer to the 
seid George Harebotell, and all the landez, tenementez and hereditamentez in Elingham with the 
appurtenances in the seid countie of Northumberland, and also alle londez, tenementez and heredita- 
mentez, rentez, revercions and servycez in Trentley, Charleton, Shepley, Elforth, Budnell, Wodon, 
Aunwike, Enmilton, Thriston, Tritlyngton, Cowpon, Esthertford, Westhertforth, Bibside and Cramlyng- 
ton, in the seid countie of Northumberland, and alle the landez, tenementez and hereditamentez in 
Newecaslell upon Tyne within the towne of Newcastell, with alle commoditiez, easementez and liberties 
to the same manorz, lordshipz, londez, tenementez and every ye premissez befor assigned to ye seyd 
Dame Elianor, for ye purpartie of the seid Dame Marie in eny wise belonginge or apperteynynge, 
without chalenge, vexacion, demaund or revocacion of the seid Sir Edward, Dame Marie his wife, or the 
heirez of the seyd Dame Marie, or eny other person or personz in theire right title or interest. 

[Clause for further assurance. Mutual provisions for peaceable possession and for compensation 
in case of loss of any of the premises through any act of the other party. The parties enter into mutual 


obligations of ^i,ooo each for performance of covenants. Provision that, if any lands shall be recovered 
by either party which were at any time to any of the ancestors of Dame Mary and Dame Eleanor, 
further partition of the same shall be made between the parties.] In wittnes wherof, etc. (Signed) 
Elynor Percy. ' 

At a date subsequent to the partition, Dame Mary Fitton devised 
Horton hall and demesne to her younger son, Francis Fitton, for life.^ 
He became the steward, and eventually the husband, of Katharine, dowager 
countess of Northumberland and widow of the eighth earl. It is doubtful 
whether he ever resided at Horton. The demesnes and manor house 
were occupied by Thomas Harbottle, an illegitimate son of Sir Guischard, 
and afterwards by his widow and children. 

The Horton estate possessed a greater value to the Delavals who owned 
the adjoining property of Seaton Delaval than it did to a non-resident family 
whose seat was in Cheshire, and it is therefore not surprising that, in 1595, 
Robert Delaval opened negotiations with vSir Edward Fitton, president of 
Munster, the grandson of Dame Mary Fitton, and, on June 5th of that year, 
concluded a purchase of the property for £\^2Q0. The lordship and manor 
were then stated to comprise the demesnes. Old Horton, the o.k pasture, 
Lisden, Lisden field, the middle field, the west close, the cow close, the 
west bank, pease-close, beare-close, the new field, the west field, the east 
moor, the west moor, Stickley fields, and a windmill in Horton.^ 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. The transcript from which this deed is printed is endorsed as 
follows : The writinge within contayned is a true copie of a certayne deed of partition remayninge in 
the custodye of Sir Edward Fytton of Gawsworth, in the countye of Chester, knight, which deed hath 
subscribed in yt under the date therof the name of Elynor Percy, and is sealed with the imprint of 
a scutchion or cote contayninge the picture or image of ane hare, and is by the sayd Sir Edward 
affirmed to be the dede of one the Ladye Elynor Percye, somtyme wife to Sir Thomas Percy, knight, 
and sister to the Lady Mary Fytton, graundmother to the sayd Sir Edward. And this copie was 
conferred with the sayd deed and by examination found to agree therwithall, in presence of thes 
witnesses whos names ar hereunder written. (Signed) Ed. Fyton, Tho. Riddell, John Carvile, Will. 
Place (the w-riter), Peter Riddell, Raphe Delavale, John Delavale, Jerom Bennett. 

Dame Eleanor Percy's counterpart of this deed of division is preserved among the Beamish muni- 
ments of title ; Surtees, Durham^ vol. ii. p. 223 n. The hare, in allusion to the family name, appears to 
have been also used as a device by John Harbottle, burgess of Berwick in 1449 (Q7/. Laiiig Charters, 
p. 33), and formed part of the crest of Randolph Harbottle of Guestling in .Sussex, which was a hawk 
argfitt, preying on a rabbit or. Visitation of Sussex, 1574, Harl. Soc. Pub. John Harbottle of Crowfield 
in Suffolk, who entered his pedigree in 1561, bore for his crest a dcmi-falcon or ivith wings expanded, harry 
of six argent and azure. Visitations of Suffolk, ed. Metcalfe. 

' A pedigree of Fitton of Gawsworth is given in Ormerod, History of Cheshire, vol. iii. pp. 292-293. 
See also Lady Newdigate-Newdegate, Gossip from a Muniment Room, for an interesting account of the 
Fitton family. 

' The windmill was situated in the west field of Horton. Sir Guischard Harbottle assigned it, on 
December 2nd, 151 1, to his kinsman, Robert Delaval for life. Waterford Charters, No. 47. The miller 
held, with the mill, a house and garth and common of pasture for five kine and one horse or mare on 
Horton west moor. A lease of 1612 provided that, while Lady Delaval kept her house at Horton, the 
miller was to supply corn multure-free ; that he was to keep a servant and horse to be at all times 
employed on such service as he should be commanded, and that he should grind corn for the tenants of 
Horton lordship, taking his due multure. In 1628 the mill was in ruins. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 




Thomas Harbottle of Horton demesne (/<), illegitimate son of Sir Guischard Har- 
bottle ; took a lease of three salt-pans in Cowpen, 23rd March, 1 550/1 (a). 

: Magdalen, who survived 
her husband (//). 

Ralph Harbottle of — 
Horton demesne {b) ; 
renewed his father's 
lease of Cowpen pans, 
1 2th November, 1576 
(c) ; died before 8th 
September, 1591 (/i). 

Henry Harbottle of = 
Ellingham, took a 
lease of Horton hall 
8th September,''i5gi, 
which lease he sur- 
rendered, 19th Aug., 
1595 <<!')■ 



Thomas Harbottle 
Stickley,* party to 
deed of 9th October, 
1592; surrendered his 
father's lease of lands 
in Horton, nth June, 
1613 {/>■). 


Robert Harbottle of Chopping- 
ton, to whom his brother as- 
signed an annuity out of 
Horton, nth September, 1622 
(/) ; afterwards of Hebhurn (e') 
in Bothal, where he was living, 
1st June, 1635 (J)'). 

- Barbara, 

Thomas Har- = 

= Jane (i), ob- 

widow of 

bottle of Hor- 

tained ad- 


ton, was forty 



years of age in 

of her hus- 


1596 ; died be- 

band's goods, 

of Elling- 

fore 24th June, 

7th Decem- 

ham (r/) 

1610 (/v). 

ber, 1625 (</). 


1 1 1 1 1 1 
Thomas Harbottle of 

Horton, son and 


heir (b\ 


Robert Harbottle (</). 


Martin Harbottle (</). 


Dorothy {d). 


Elizabeth (a-). 


Mary (,/)- 

{a) Duke of Northumberland's MSS. 
(K) Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 
(c) Patent Roll, 18 Eliz. pt. 5. 

((/) Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

(j) Welford, Royalist Composition Papers. 

p. 300- 

* Petition of Thomas Harbottle to the earl of Northumberland. In all humblenes sheweth to your honor your 
dailie poore supliant and servaunte Thomas Harbotle, sonne to Ralff Harbotle deceased, who was servaunte to 
your honour and your honourable father about .\x''° yeares space, that, where your supliant hath a small remainder 
of a lease of thre salt-pans and cole-mynes to the same in the grounds of Covvpon and water of Blyth, which was 
lefle to your supliant by his brother deceased, for the relief of v small children, which cole-mynes beinge quite decaied 
was the decaie of nine more of her Majestie's salt-panns there, wherof her Majestie hath had no rent theis iiij'" yeares, 
albeit your supliant bestowes above xx" in repairinge the said thre salt-pans to keepe them in use ; but soe it is 
that one Peter Delavall gent, a marchant of London, hath latelie procured a lease of all her Majesty's cole-mynes 
and salt-pans there, and hath an injunction to dispossesse your poore supliant to his utter undoinge and the 
beggeringe of all his brother's poore children, whose onelie mainteynance and succor dependeth hereon. Duke of 
Northumberland's MSS. 

The purchase was carried out on the understanding that Sir Edward 
Fitton should induce his uncle, Francis Fitton, to convey to Delaval his 
interest in the manor house and demesne ; but although the lessees, the 
Harbottles, were prevailed upon to surrender their title to the premises, 
Francis Fitton himself remained obdurate until proceedings had been 
initiated in Chancerv.^ 

Nine husbandry tenants are entered on the court roll for Horton in 
1 601, their names being Thomas Ogle, Thomas Harbottle, Rowland Shafto, 
Thomas Pattison, James Bourne, John Tailforth, Edward Story, Ralph Bell 
and George Watson.^ Only four of these names recur in a survey taken 

' Chancery Proceedings, first series, Elizabeth, Dd. I. No. 60. 

- The following presentments were then made : Presentatur et ordinatum est quod Johannes 
Tailforthe facial et escorat fossatum suum inter cimiterium et villam de Horton citra festum nativitatis 
Christi proximum futurum, sub pena iij* iiij''. Item presentatur per homagium quod Radulfus Bell 
et Johannes Tailforthe secaverunt boscuni domini in manerio de Horton crescentem, videlicet dictus 
Bell a playne-tree, twoo ashe-trees and one aple-tree, et dictus Tailforthe one croked ashe-tree whereof 
he maid a ribbe ; ideo uterque eorum ut paret super eorum capita, .\x.\iij' iiij''. Ordinatum est quod 
nuUi inhabitantes de Horton braciaverunt serviciam ad vendendum sine licencia domini, sub pena xl'. 


1. Walran de Horton. Shield of arms: three bars, over all a bend charged with five 



— Waterford Charters, No. 39. 

2. Robert de Chaux (?). A crescent between two stars. (Page 244.) 


— Waterford Charters, No. 44. 

3. William de Castre. Antique gem : wolf suckling Romulus and Remus (?) (Page 252,) 


— Waterford Charters, No. 48. 

4. Bertram de Monboucher III. Shield of arms : three pitchers, a bordure bezanty. 

s bertrami de movntbovrgcher 

—Dark. Treas. 2""' le"' Spec. No. 32. 

5. John de Harbottle. Shrievalty seal: gateway surmounted by a tower; within the 

gate a tree (?). 


—Durh. Treas. 2""" i'"" Spec. No. 11. 

6. Dame Eleanor Percy. Signet : a hare running. 

— Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

7. Sir Edward Fitton, President of Munster. Shield of arms, Fitton impaling Harbottle, 

the respective coats being quarterly: i, two chevrons and a canton (Orreby) ; 2, a 
chevron between five cross-crosslets fitchc (Siddington) ; 3, three spades (Bechton) ; 4, on 
a bend three garbs (Fitton); and quarterly: i, three bottles bcndways (Harbottle); 
2, three escallops (Charron) ; 3, three pitchers (Monboucher) ; 4, tliree water-bougets 


—Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 





nine years later, although the number of holdings remains the same. Shafto, 
Pattison, and Thomas Harbottle with Robert Harbottle his brother, each 
then held two farms, while three farms were in the occupation of Thomas 
Ogle. Rowland Shafto was a younger son of James Shafto of Tanfield- 
leigh.^ He and Matthew Sliafto took a lease of a tenement in Horton on 
June 1 8th, 1574, from Sir Edward Fitton. This he subsequently surren- 
dered, obtaining, on September 2nd, 1591, a new lease of certain premises 
in Horton, tenable for his own life and the lives of his wife Ursula and 
his son Thomas. With Randall Fenwick and James Lawson of Horton 
he attended a muster of castle-ward in 1595.^ He was still living in 1635, 
his farm being then occupied by John Shafto, who, as John Shafto of 
Stickley, was entered on the list of freeholders drawn up in 1628.' The 
family maintained its connection with Stickley as late as 1657.'' 

Thomas Pattison, who held another farm in Horton by assignment 
from Thomas Harbottle dated April 23rd, 1596, had a son, Thomas, whom 
he apprenticed in 1598 to Robert Bewick of Newcastle, boothman.'^ John 
Pattison of Laverick-hall, probably another son, held the same farm in 1635, 
and occurs in the lists of freeholders of 1628 and 1638." 

Enclosure had commenced, but had not proceeded far before Sir 
Edward Fitton sold Horton in 1595.' The practice of letting farms at 
a rack-rent was not introduced into the estate before 161 2. Two years 
earlier a survey of Horton was made, giving the size of the various farms 
as follows : 

Contents of the Manor of Horton, Surveyed 1610. 

Demesne. Clement's close, 13 acres ; oxe pasture, 80 acres ; middle feld, 91 acres ; kyrke feld, 53 
acres ; mylne feld, 32 acres ; horse close, 20 acres ; calfe close, 7 acres ; Crawe close, 5 acres ; Crofte 
augrye (?), 9 acres ; kyrke close, 8 acres ; milner's close, 5 acres ; lowe dales, loi acres ; high dales, 139 
acres. Total demesne, 563 acres. 

Farm-lands. Ogle's west farm, 120 acres; Blacket's farm, 133 acres; Pattison's farm, 241 acres; 
Shafto's farm, 260 acres ; Harbottle's farm, 235 acres ; Smith's farm, 300 acres ; middle peece, 94 acres; 
weste moore, 155 acres ; yardes about the house, 6 acres. Total of farms, 1,571 acres.* 

' Surtees, Durham, vol. ii. p. 220. - Cal. Border Papers, vol. ii. p. 77. 

' Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. ii. p. 318. ^ See above, p. 20. 

* Dandy, Newcastle Merchant Adventurers, Surt. Soc. Pub. vol. ii. p. 224. 

" Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. ii. pp. 317, 322. 

' On October 14th, 1580, Sir Edward Fitton leased to Ralph Harbottle of Horton twenty acres in 
the east moor called Lysden moor, for twenty-one years at three shillings rent, on condition that he 
should enclose the same. Marquis of Waterford's MSS. 

' Marquis of Waterford's MSS. Thomas Delaval notes on this survey in 1628, 'some new inclosures 
since this survey, but not many.' 

Vol. IX. 35 


Under a settlement made in 1599 upon the marriage of Ralph Delaval, 
son and heir of Robert Delaval, Horton was assigned to Jane Hilton, his 
wife, as dower, and she consequently made Horton her residence after the 
death of her first husband and her second marriage with Francis Reed of 
Seaton Delaval, dying there in 1645.' Her great-grandson. Sir John 
Delaval, third baronet, sold Horton in 17 18, together with Seaton Delaval, 
to his kinsman, Admiral George Delaval, whose sisters are stated to have 
been the last members of the family who lived in the old fortified manor 
house." Since that date Horton has followed the same course of descent 
as Seaton Delaval, and it is now the property of Lord Hastings. 

Horton Chapel. 

A sketch of the medieval chapel, given in the Rev. John Hodgson's 
History of NortluDiibcrland^ shows a short nave with a south porch and 
a small bell-cote in the west gable, and a square chancel of less width 
than the nave, having a square-headed window of four lights at the east 
end. A label moulding passed over the east window and continued along 
the south wall of the chancel, where it was jumped for two small lancet- 
shaped windows. The original chapel had a north aisle of three bays which 
was subsequently demolished"' and was of late Norman date, as appears 
from two existing portions of a capital or respond having a shaft twenty 
inches in diameter. It is no longer possible to say whether the chancel 
belonged to the same period ; its east window cannot have been earlier 
than the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century ; and a beam now built 
into the southern wall of the church, on which is carved the inscription, 
ORATE PRO ANiMA ANNE HARBOTYL s. I. G. 1 5 1 7,'' may be taken as evidence 
that reparations were effected at that period. 

In 1827 the chapel was almost wholly rebuilt, and in 1902 a second 
restoration was carried out by the family of the late Mr. George Baker 

' See above, p. 159. - Hodgson, Northumberland, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 265. 

' //)/(/. p. 266. 

' Ibid. In a manuscript tour of Northumberland made in 1770 it is stated that the church seems to 
have been formed from the middle aisle of a Saxon church, some of the circular arches of which were 
then remaining. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. This may perhaps be taken to imply the existence, 
at an early period, of a south aisle. 

" The Rev. John Hodgson reads B.\RBOWL ; but, apart from the unusual character of the name, his 
reading may be rejected, the sixth letter being distinctly other than w. 



Forster. The only relics of the earlier edifice, besides the fragments 
above noticed, are a portion of a grave cover with a Horiated cross-head, 
and the bell. This measures eighteen inches in diameter, eighteen inches 
from edge to stock, and fourteen inches from crown to edge. It bears 
the inscription : thomas ogle of beyside 1621, with the maker's initials, 
T. H., probablv for Thomas Hatch of Ulcome. 

The earliest mention of a chapel at Horton, in the parish of Woodhorn, 
occurs in a confirmation of various churches and chapels made by Bishop 




IMillll' li>l|MI/li'li|{,lr nil 

; ;i'^in, lOK 


i*. EO"DIA. 

1 'I ,f.,P,,f.,? 



Architectural Details from Horton Chapel. 

W. U.K. 
jFfET DtL. 

Pudsey to Tynemouth priory about the year 1174.' The same bishop 
entered into an engagement with Simon, abbot of St. Alban's, before the 
year 1188, whereby he undertook to refrain from exacting synodal fees 
from Horton chapel, and to provide for the rights of the mother church 

' See vol. viii. of this series, p. 64. Horton appears to belong to that class of 'chapels of ease 
which seem to have been coeval with, and always independent of the parish church, and to have been 
designed for the benefit of some particular districts never included within the pale of the parish church, 
though locally embraced by the parochial division.' Its parishioners claimed to be legally e.vempt 
from repairing the parish church of Woodhorn, as appears from a case heard in the Consistory Court 
of York in 1548. The ground of their refusal to pay tithes on that occasion was presumably that 
subsequently laid down by Lord Holt, that 'a chapelry may prescribe to be exempt from repairing 
the mother-church, as where it buries and christens within itself, and has never contributed to the 
mother-church ; for in that case it shall be intended coeval, and not a latter erection.' i Salkeld, 164 
See also the case of Craven v. Sanderson, reported in 7 Adolphus and Ellis, SSo. 


in regard to the cemetery at Horton lately consecrated by him.' There 
is no evidence to determine the dedication. Further information in 
regard to the chapel is given in a certificate delivered to Richard de 
Marisco, bishop of Durham (12 15- 1226), or to his successor, Richard the 
poor (1236- 1 242). It is there stated to be worth fifty marks yearly, and 
to be subject to an annual pension of three pounds paid to the prior and 
convent of Tynemouth, who, with the abbot of St. Alban's, had the right 
of presentation. Those of its parishioners who attended divine service in 
the chapel for a whole year had rights of burial and baptism in it, and 
there did such penance as might be imposed on them, rendering also to 
the vicar of Woodhorn certain payments in kind. Notwithstanding the 
arrangement made with Pudsey, the archdeacon received from Horton 
his hospitalia and synodal fees, and the chapel was represented at his 

At this period, as appears from the certificate, the vicar of Woodhorn 
had very limited rights in Horton. The prior and convent of Tynemouth 
were patrons of the benefice and received an annual pension, but did not 
become possessed of the temporalities until Bishop Kirkham, who was con- 
secrated to the see of Durham in 1249, granted the church of Horton to 
Tynemouth priory in reversion upon the death or resignation of the rector, 
master Roger de Cantilupe, upon condition that the prior and convent 
should endow a vicarage of the annual value of ten marks.^ Endowment 
was made before the year 1254, Horton vicarage being included in Pope 
Innocent's Valor.^ 

In place of creating a new and independent vicarage, the prior and 
convent appear to have conferred upon the vicar of Woodhorn the tithe 

' See vol. viii. of this series, p. 66, note. 

^ Venerabili patri R. Dei gratia Dunelmensi episcopo, magister A. archidiaconus Xorthumbrie 
salutem et obsequium. Inquisitione facta secundum mandatum vestrum super capella de Hortun, con- 
stamus quod a media quadragesima extitit vacans. Presentatores etiam sunt abbas sancti Albani et 
prior et conventus de Thinem', et jus liabent presentandi, et non est litigiosa. Cimiterium habent liberum. 
Sepulturam, penitentias, et baptisterium habent liberum parrochianorum omnium, qui etiam divina officia 
ibi audiunt per totum anni circulum. Oneratur ab annua pensione Ix solidorum.quam percipere con- 
sueverunt prior et conventus de Thynem'. Ecclesia vero de VVudehorn percipit etiam bovem et pannum 
qui pervenmnt cum corpora praesente parrochianorum capelle de Hortun. Archidiacono respondet in 
sequendo capitula, hospiciis et sinodalibus, sicut vicine matrices ecclesie. Estimatur autem 1 marcarum, 
nee est sufficienter ornata. Presentatus de moribus et conversatione bonum habet testimonium. Etatem 
etiam habet. De literatura et ordinibus pro se respondeat. Coit. MSS. Nero, D i. fol. 120 ; incorrectly- 
printed in Gibson, Tynemouth Priory, vol. ii. appendix, No. lix. 

^ Gibson, History of Tynemouth, appendix No. Ixxxv. ; Ditrh. Treas. Misc. Chart. No. 6,568. 

' Hodgson, Northumbcrlami, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 424. 


of corn and grain in Hartford, as well as all small tithes throughout the 
chapelry, and to have bound him to find a clerk to officiate at Horton. 
A yearly pension payable by the prior and convent to the incumbent of 
Woodhorn was, in 1339, waived by mutual consent.^ 

The Commissioners for Church Livings appointed in 1650, in recom- 
mending that Horton should be made a parish church and should have 
annexed to it the chapelry of Cramlington and the township of Newsham 
and Blvth Nook, stated that the curacy was then worth eighteen pounds per 
annum, but had formerly been worth thirty pounds.^ Two or three years 
later the Commissioners for the Propagation of the Gospel raised the value 
of the benefice by conferring upon its minister the vicarage of Horton 
and forty pounds per annum out of the tithes of Old and New Etal.' 
The Restoration brought about a reversion to earlier arrangements. The 
curate's stipend thenceforward amounted to sixteen pounds, of which sum 
fifteen pounds was precarious, being paid by the vicar of Woodhorn at 
pleasure.^ This salary was augmented in 1734 by a grant of two hundred 
pounds made by the governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, which was laid 
out in 1 74 1 in the purchase of a farm in Allendale. A further augmentation 
was made in 1754, but, by a slight irregularity, it was not until August 
13th, 1768, that Horton chapelry was severed from the mother church of 

' Hec indentura facta inter dominos priorem et conventum de Tynemuth ex parte una et magistrum 
Johannem perpetuum vicarium ecclesie de Wodehorn, Dunelmensis diocoesis, ex altera, testatur quod 
predictus magister Johannes omnia arreragia annue pensionis silii debite per dominos priorem et 
conventum antedictos ratione ordinacionis vicarie sue in ecclesia sen capella de Horton dictis dominis 
priori et conventui usque ad festum sancti Miclraelis anno domini millesimo ccc"'" tricesimo nono remisit 
et predictam pensionem quietam clamavit. Et predicti prior et conventus omnia arreragia annue 
pensionis eisdem debita per magistrum Johannem vicarium de Wodehorn predictum ratione ordinacionis 
vicarie sue predicte prefato Johanni remiserunt ac dictam pensionem annuam usque ad festum sancti 
Michaelis quietam clamaverunt sub modo et condicione qui secuntur, videlicet quod predictus magister 
Johannes tunc solvat vel citra festum Purificationis beate Marie proxime sequens dictis dominis priori 
et conventui quadraginta solidos sterlingorum pro pensione predicta pro anno illo, et in festo sancti 
Michaelis extunc proxime sequenli solvere incipiat annuam pensionem predictam, et sic de termino in 
terminum et anno in annum singulis annis quousque dictam tenuerit vicariam dictam pensionem 
integraliter persolvat juxta formam ordinacionis vicarie sue de Wodehorn predicte absque strepitu vel 
cavillacione extunc de pensione sibi per dominos priorem et conventum antedictos ratione ordinacionis 
vicarie ecclesie seu capelle de Horton debite. Et si contingat, quod absit, quod predictus magister 
Johannes vicarius in solucione predictorum quadraginta solidorum vel annue pensionis sue predicte 
aliquo anno cessaverit, seu dictam annuam pensionem solvere dissimulaverit, quod liceat dictis dominis 
priori et conventui omnia arreragia sibi ut predicitur remissa repetere, et pro hiis arreragiis repetendis 
et exigendis eisdem salvatur accio imperpetuum, non obstante hac indentura seu remissione contenta 
in eadem. In cujus rei testimonium, etc. Hiis testibus, domino Nicholao rectore ecclesie de Bretby 
in Alvertonshire, magistro Radulfo de Blaykston, Petro de Esington, et aliis multis. Datum apud 
Tynemuth, secundo die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo ccc"'" tricesimo nono. Tyncmouth 
Cliartulaty, fol. 176. 

■ Arch. Ael. ist series, vol. iii. p. 8. ' Lambeth MSS. No. i,oq6, p. 367. 

' Bacon, Liber Regis, p. 1275 ; Randall, State 0/ the Clergy, p. 52. 


Woodhorn and given a distinct endowment. The vicar of Woodhorn sur- 
rendered to the curate of Horton chapelry and to his successors a modus 
of _;^'2 los. a year paid for the tithes of Bebsidc, his claim to two acres of 
land in Horton, all surplice fees in the chapelry and the herbage of the 
chapel yard, the church of Woodhorn continuing to stand charged with 
the annual payment of fifteen pounds. At the same time the vicar of 
Woodhorn retained for himself and his successors the right of presentation 
and all other parochial rights and duties belonging to the church.' The 
lesser tithes of Horton and Cowpen townships and all great and small tithes 
of Hartford remained with the vicar, and formed the subject-matter of a 
case {Kcnnicott v. Watson and others) heard in the Court of Exchequer 
in 1 8 14, wherein the vicar of Woodhorn successfully maintained his right 
to certain small tithes in Horton and Cowpen.^ 

Under the District Church Titles Act of 1865 the benefice of Horton 
was declared a titular vicarage. The church of St. Mary's, Blyth, erected in 
Waterloo Road in 1864 as a chapel of ease to Horton, was created a parish 
church in 1896, and an ecclesiastical district was carved out for it from the 
ancient chapelry. In 1840 Mrs. Elizabeth Croft granted to the curate and 
churchwardens of Horton, on a nine hundred and ninety-nine years' lease, 
a piece of land at Cowpen for a Church of England school. The building 
erected upon it has long been used as a mission chapel. 

Incumbents of Horton. 

1 162 {before). Osbert, 'aliquando vicarii functus est officio in ecclesia de Tynemudtha et postea capellae 
de Hortuna minister extitit' (Vita Oswini, Surt. See. Pub. No. 8, p. 32). As priest of 
Horton he attested a deed of Walter fitz William, lord of Whalton (Hodgson, Northumber- 
land, pt. ii. vol. ii. p. 248). 

1223. Wischard, 'persona de Horton,' was sued by John de Chaux for a messuage and carucate of land 
in Horton {Curia Regis Rolls, No. 82). 

1250 {circa). Roger de Cantilupe, prebend of Kentish Town in the diocese of London (Newcourt, 
Repertorium, vol. i. p. 169), last rector. 

Ministers or Stipendiary Curates. 

1267. Eudo {Waterford Charters, No. 55). By a deed dated at Horton on June 21st, 1299, Eudo de 
Paterby, clerk, quit-claimed to Sir Guischard de Charron the elder a yearly rent of twenty 
shillings which he had of the said Guischard for life, 'hiis testibus, Willelmo de Trewyck, 

' Deeds in Horton vestry. 

• The case is reported in 2 Price, pp. 250-264. Two folio volumes of papers bearing on the case are 
among the Woodman MSS. in the library of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. 


Roberto de Vaus, Wilielmo de Bewyck, Roberto de Boroudon, manentibus in Horton, 
Ricardo de Stekelaw, et niultis aliis ' (ibid. No. 36) ; and by another deed without date he 
gave him a further release of all his lands in the vill and field of Horton formerly bclong^ing 
to Adam de Aula, with all buildings thereon, ' hiis testibus, dominis Roberto de la Vale, 
Radulfo de Essenden, Wilielmo de Framelyngton, militibus, Johanne de Dudden, Ricardo 
Cunbers, Roberto de Burudon, et aliis {WaUrford Charters, No. 71). 

1499. Robert Calowm {ibid. No. 42). 

157S. John Leighton, brother of Robert Leighton, vicar of Horsley {Ecclesiastical Pyoceedings of Bishop 
Barnes, Surt. Soc. Pub. No. 22, p. cxxviii) ; a native of Hexham and canon of Hexham 
priory. He was ordained subdeacon, September 23rd, 1531 ; deacon and priest, May 24th, 
1532 {Priory of Hexham, vol. i. p. cxxii, Surt. Soc. Pub.). He was officiating at Horton on 
January 26th, 1 577/8, but had not been licensed {Ecclesiastical Proceedings, p. 35), and 
was removed to the curacy of Chevington befSre July following {ibid. pp. 76, 94). In 1581, 
being then eighty years old, he gave evidence at Hexham in a tithe-suit about Walwick 

1578. Edward Bedome, then in deacon's orders {Ecclesiastical Proceedings, pp. 76, 94). He became 
vicar of the mother church of Woodhorn in the following year, and was vicar of Eglingham 
in 1590. 

1582. Alexander Leighton," [previously curate at Whalton {Ecclesiastical Proceedings, pp. 35, 76, 94); 
curate of Cramlington in 15S6, and of South Gosforth in 1605 ']. ■• 

1582. Thomas Jackson" [M.A., son of Robert Jackson, alderman of Berwick, was instituted to Norham 
vicarage, July 7th, 1590']. On June nth, 1583, the church was interdicted for omission to 
elect churchwardens {Ecclesiastical Proceedings, p. 100). 

1585. Thomas Haigh,^ living September 8th, 1625, when he took a lease of lands in Cowpen (Anderson 

1645. William Methven occurs as minister April 7th, 1645 ;' living in 1650 {Arch. Ael. 1st series, 
vol. iii. p. 8). 

1652 {circa). George Hawdon, M.A. (Lambeth MSS. 1006, p. 430) ; was ordained priest, September 22nd, 
1661 {Bishop Cosin's Correspondence, vol. ii. p. 33, Surt. Soc. Pub.), and was collated two days 
later to Stannington vicarage,' from which he was ejected in the following year for non- 
conformity (Calamy, Ejected Ministers, 2nd ed. p. 518). 

1661. Thomas Di.xon, M.A., ordained priest September 22nd, 1661 {Bishop Cosin's Correspondence, 
vol. ii. p. 2,3)- 

1665. John Dickinson occurs as minister.' In 1663 he was officiating at Cramlington, but was not 
licensed {Arch. Ael. 2nd series, vol. xvii. p. 246). He was living in 1671.' 

1682. Miles Birkett of Underbarrow in Westmorland ; son of George Birket, clerk ; was educated 
at Hawkshead ; admitted pensioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, July 4th, 1673, 
aged 20 {Admissions to St. John's College, Cambridge, vol. ii. p. 47) ; occurs as minister 
of Horton in 1682'; also officiated at Cramlington ; married at Bedlington, September 
2ist, 1 688, Jane Cowling of that place; was instituted to Heddon-on-the- Wall, August 7th, 
1691, and, dying on May 24th, 1709, was buried in that church {Arch. Ael. 2nd series, 
vol. xi. p. 251). 

1710 {circa). [William] Haswell (Warburton's MSS.) [formerly master of Hexham grammar-school ; 
also curate at Bothal, where he was buried, February 24th, 1714/5]. 

1725. John Potter, a native of Newbiggen in the parish of Dacre, co. Cumberland ;' entered upon the 
curacies of Horton and Cramlington, June 24th, 1725 ;* buried at Horton, October 30th, 
1763,' aged 78 (M.I. Cramlington). He was father of Emmanuel Potter, vicar of Tyne- 
mouth and perpetual curate of Wallsend. 

* There were three contemporary clergymen bearing this name. One, 'ane old preist,' was buried 
at St. John's, Newcastle, March 26th, 1596 ; a second was buried at All Saints', Newcastle, November 
13th, 1610 ; a third was buried at St. Nicholas', Newcastle, October ist, 1612. 


Peupetuai, Cukates. 

1764. Richard Muckle, 'a Scot by descent,' ' nominated curate January 23rd, 1764, p.m. Potter ; ' voted 
for a freehold in Bebside, 1774 ; died September 8th, 1783, aged 44 (M.I. Horton). 

1783. WilHam Treakell, LL.B. [son of William Treakell of Andover, Hants; educated at Magdalen Hall, 
O.xford ; matriculated July 21st, 1753, aged 19];^ admitted December 8th, 1783, p.m. Muckle.' 

1785. James Wilkinson, a native of Newbiggen in Cumberland; admitted May ist, 1785;' married 
June I2th, 1792, Mary Hubbard of Bedlington, a native of King's Lynn.' 

1813. Robert Messenger, also perpetual curate of Ninebanks, where he resided; died at Newcastle, 13th 
June, 1837, aged 68 (M.I. Horton). During his incumbency the Rev. William D. Thompson 
officiated at Horton. Mr. Thompson was afterwards for sixteen years vicar of Mitford, where 
he died 31st January, 1844, aged 63 (M.I. Mitford). He was succeeded at Horton by his 
brother, George Thompson, who was subsequently curate of Heatherycleugh in Weardale. 

1840. Richard Dutton Kennicott, second son of Benjamin Kennicott, vicar of Woodhorn ; born 
February 3rd, 1796 ; was educated at University College, O.xford ; matriculated June 20th, 
1814 ; B.A. 1818 ; was presented in 1845 to Holy Trinity, Stockton, which living he held 
until his death on December 20th, 1886.'' 

1845. James Boucher, /><;>- res. Kennicott ; of Worcester College, Oxford ; matriculated May 14th, 1830, 
aged 18; B.A. 1834; M.A. 1837. 

1847. Nathaniel Atkinson, second son of Adam