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1 HIS volume closes the History of one of the Deaneries of the Archdeaconry of 
Northumberland, a district which extends throughout the heart of the country from 
the border of Scotland, on Carter Fell, to the German Ocean; and comprizes nearly 
the whole of Morpeth Ward, and considerable portions of Castle, Coquetdale, and 
Tindale Wards. I had hoped to complete it in less room; but to keep the work in some 
degree of uniformity, and to finish the district with the volume, I have been compelled 
to be at more expense than the impression can repay me : for the great quantity of small 
types used in the notes, and especially in the pedigrees and Latin authorities, has made 
it chargeable to me far beyond my first calculations. 

The accompanying lists of Plates will serve, in some degree, to show the point of 
support and patronage to which this work has arrived, and for which the author is 
indebted, and has now the pleasure of requesting the several contributors of them to accept 
his best and most grateful thanks; but besides these, he is under obligations for other 
gratifying tokens of approbation. Immediately after the publication of the volume of Paro- 
chial History, which preceded this, it obtained the kind approval of Sir J. E. Swinburne, 
baronet, by his becoming a sharer with me in the expences of printing it : and to himself 
and family I am indebted for various extracts from manuscripts, and rare printed books in 


the British Museum. The Bishop of Durham has, in a very kind manner, approved of my 
labours ; and the copious extracts I have made from the minutes of the Parochial Visitations 
of Dr. Singleton, Archdeacon of Northumberland, and from the books of his predecessors, 
Mr. Sharpe, and Drs. Robinson and Sharpe, will show how much this volume is enriched 
by the free permission given to me to make whatever use of them I pleased. Sir Charles 
M. L. Monck enabled me, while in London, in 1830, to employ the hands of 
amanuenses in copying several important papers. , John Hodgson, Esq., M. P. for 
Newcastle upon Tyne, presented me with a volume of extracts made by himself from 
the sessions books of Northumberland; and has sent me extracts gleaned from MSS. 
in various parts of the kingdom. From W. C. Trevelyan, Esq., of Wallington, I have 
received large collections of materials from Dodsworth's manuscripts in the Bodleian 
Library, and from that of Miss Currer, at Eshton-hall, in Craven ; and from his sister, 
Mrs. Wyndham, a remarkably correct and copious index to Ridpath's Border History, 
all compiled and written by her own hand. H. Petre, Esq., keeper of the Records in 
the Tower, and C. J. Young, Esq., York Herald, and Registrar at Herald's College, 
have cheerfully and gratuitously given me such assistance as I have solicited from them. 
The generous and graphic hand of Edward Swinburne, Esq., still continues to transfer 
to my work views of the scenery of the county, and of the residences of its antient barons 
and gentry, with that happy simplicity and brilliance which so pre-eminently characterize 
the productions of his pencil ; and to the zeal and kindness of Mr. Sopwith, surveyor, I 
am indebted for correct delineations or engravings of various churches, chapels, and 
other subjects, as expressed in the list of plates; as well as for copies of several interesting 
papers relative to Northumberland matters, in the Cottonian Library, in the British Mu- 
seum. The fine miniature, from which the portrait at the beginning of this volume has 
been engraved, was painted expressly for it, by Miss H. F. S. Mackreth, at her own 
particular request, and gratuitously presented to the author; and, after the Preface, 
is given a list of those friends to the work, who have honoured him, through their 
Secretary, Mr. Mackreth, with the finely executed plate and impressions of the por- 
trait. John Dobson, Esq., and Robert Mackreth, Esq., have also, without previously 
mentioning their kind intentions to me, interested themselves in embellishing my book, 
by obtaining for it the lithographic views of seats, now presented to the reader at the 
expense of their several proprietors. Mr. Thomas Bell, land-surveyor, has to all my 
applications for assistance in genealogical enquiries, paid early and prompt attention; 
and it is to him that I am indebted for a copy of the widely-spreading tree of the Wid- 
drington family, from which I have drawn the outline of a considerable portion of the 
Widdrington pedigree. 

The active mind and ready pen of Mr. Wm. Woodman, solicitor, in Morpeth, left 
me comparatively little to do in searching for materials for my account of the corporation 
of that town, in which, however copious it may seem, I have inserted only a very small part 
of the information he has given me from the books of the several companies ; and to the 


Bailiffs and Aldermen of Morpeth my thanks are due, for leave to copy from the muni- 
ments deposited in their Town's Hutch, the numerous charters and other documents and 
papers of which the lengthened ' Annals of Morpeth' are principally composed ; and 
finally, to all other patrons and encouragers of this work by subscribing for copies of it, 
my best thanks are due, and hereby most cheerfully and gratefully rendered. 

I lament that so long an interval has elapsed since my subscribers received a volume 
of this work in March, 1828. Many causes have retarded its progress ; but none over 
which I had a controlling power. Though much care, expence, and labour have been 
employed in rendering it as correct and perfect as my means would enable me to do, 
still it contains many errors and imperfections, the principal of which I have endeavoured 
to supply by an Appendix of Errata and Addenda. Judicious and candid readers, when 
they consider where and by whom it is written, will, I doubt not, be tender over its 
demerits. It is not, perhaps, possible without great facilities in means, books, and situa- 
tion, to go on rapidly with a work so varied, large, and profitless to its author as this 
is: and when I say that one who engages in a performance of this kind ought to be ridhr 
and childless, I beg I may not be considered as doing so in despondency and complaint, 
but as apologizing for imperfections which I could not supply. I rise to this labour 
every morning with increasing desire to complete it. It keeps in deligjitful employ- 
ment a mind that finds it as impossible to be idle, as to be soured by disappointment, or 
insensible to encouragement. Periculorum praemia et laborum fructum contemnere, is a 
stoical virtue which I cannot boast of; and for the distinguished encouragement I have re- 
ceived, I feel cheered and gratified. With all its imperfections there is, however, one thing 
which I can fearlessly venture to say of my book if it d6es not spangle with the bright 
jewels of genius and wisdom if it does not captivate with the charms, of " Useful and 
Entertaining Knowledge" if it. is not .robed in the elegant and costly attire of oratory 
nearly the whole of it is original, and now, for the first time, makes its appearance before 
the public, and all of it, I hope, in the simple garb of truth. I have never yet sat down at 
my loom to weave into the web of any person or family's history, the airy visions of apo- 
chryphal ancestry, or the flaring colours of adulation. As I have stood by the stream of 
time, I have perhaps collected, in their passage down it, many an unimportant fact; but I 
know that I have suffered many a foul tale of slander and dishonour to glide silently past 
me, and to sink in its course. To appetites habituated to riot on the rich luxuriance 
of Novels in the form of Melo-dramatic History, I know I am offering tasteless and unex- 
citing food ; and I cannot here ask the classical scholar to a rich repast of. the history, 
manners, and literature of the kings and people of a mighty nation ; but I invite the ingenu- 
ous and curious inhabitants, and especially the young people of th$ places, I have written 
upon, to partake of aliment, calculated, I hope, to make them honest and single-hearted pa- 
triots, and keep within them a joyous and imperishable love for the places of their nativity. 
Whelpington, Feb. 3, 1832. J - H. 



An Alphabetical List of the Subscribers to whom the Author is indebted for the Engraving 
of the Portrait which fronts the Title Page. 

Adamson John, Esq., F.A.S., M.R.S.L., &c. 
Antiquarian Society, Newcastle. 
Atkinson R. A., Esq., Newcastle. 

Beaumont Thos. W., Esq., M.P., Bywell. 
Bell Matthew, Esq., M.P., Woolsington. 
Bentham Wm., Esq., F.A.S., of Upper Gower 

Street, London. 
Bewicke Mrs, Close House. 
Bigge Chas. Wm., Linden, Esq. 
Birkett the Rev. James, Haydon Bridge. 
Bird the Rev. Christ., Vicar of Chollerton and 


Brandling John, Esq., Gosforth. 
Brandling William, Esq., Gosforth. 
Buddie John, Esq., Wallsend. 
Brockett John Trotter, Newcastle, Esq., F.A.S. 

Carr Ralph, of Dunston, Esq. 

Charnley Em., Esq., Newcastle. 

Clayton John, of Newcastle, Esq. 

Clayton Nathaniel, Chesters, Esq. 

Clennell Thos., Harbottle Castle, Esq. 

Collinson the Rev. John, Rector of Gateshead. 

Cook the Rev. Joseph, Newton Hall, Vicar of 

Shilbottle, &c. 
Coulson Col., Blenkinsopp Castle. 

Darnell the Rev. W. N., Rector of Stanhope. 
Davidson the Misses, Newcastle. 
Dobson John, Esq., Newcastle. 
Donkin Armourer, Esq., Newcastle. 
Durham the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of 

Ellison Cuth., Hebburn Hall, Esq. 
Ellison Miss, Newcastle. 

Falla Wm., Esq., Gateshead. 

Fenwicke the Rev. Geo. Ousley, Vicar of Kemp- 

ston, Bedford. 

Fenwick John, Esq., Newcastle. 
Fenwick Perceval, Esq., Newcastle. 
Forster John, Esq., East Shaftoe. 

Haigh the Rev. Wm., Vicar of Wooler. 
Hedle jthe Rev. Anthony, Chesterholm. 
Hill George, Esq., Kenton. 

Hodgson John, of Elswick, Esq., M.P. 
Kirsopp John, Esq., Hexham. 

Lambert John, Esq., Alnwick. 

Lawson Will., of Longhurst, Esq. 

Literary and Philosophical Society, Newcastle. 

Mackreth Robert, Esq., Newcastle. 
Maughan Nicholas, Newbrough Lodge, Esq. 
Monck Sir C. M. L., Belsay Castle, Bart. 

Northumberland His Grace the Duke of 

Ogle the Rev. John Saville, of Kirkley, Prebend- 
ary of Durham. 

Ord Wm., of Whitfield, Esq., M.P, 
Orde Wm., of Nunnykirk, Esq. 

Prudhoe the Right Hon. the Lord 

Purvis Thomas, of Plawsworth Cottage and Lin- 
coln's Inn, Esq. 

Raine the Rev. J., Rector of Meldon, and Little 
St. Mary, Durham. 

Ridley Sir M. W., of Blagdon, Baronet, M.P. 

Sharpe the Rev. A., Bamborough. 

Silvertop George, of Minsteracres, Esq., High 

Sheriff of Northumberland. 
Smith Sir David, of Alnwick, Baronet. 
Straker John, Esq., Jarrow Lodge. 
Swinburne Edward, sen., Esq., Capheaton. 
Swinburne Sir J. E., of Capheaton, Baronet, 

F.R.S. F.A.S., M.R.S.L., &c. &c. 
Surtees Robt., of Mainsforth, Esq., F.A.S. 

Thompson Benjamin, Esq., Newcastle. 
Trevelyan Sir John, of Wallington, Bart. 
Trevelyan W. C., Esq., Wallington. 
Turner the Rev. Wm., Newcastle. 

Vernon the Hon. G. J., of Sudbury Hall, Der- 
byshire, Esq., M.P. 

Ward William, Esq., Durham. 
Wallace Albany, Esq., Queen Anne Street, Lon- 
Wallace the Right Hon. the Lord. 



V The contributors to whose names an obelisk (f) is attached, have presented the Author both with the plates 
and the impressions : and the double obelisk (J), denotes that the contributors favoured the Author with the use 
of the wooden blocks on which the subjects are engraved. 


Portrait of the Author, 

Title. Morpeth Church, 

Preface, page iii. West Boat Ferry, 


1. Meldon Church, 

14. Arms of Lords of Meldon, 

26. Mitford Church, 

27. Reveley Tomb, 

55. Keep of Mitford Castle, 

55. Remains of Mitford Castle, 

56. Bird's-Eye View of Mitford, .... 
89. Longhorsley Church, 

130. Hebburn Chapel, 

139. Cockle Park Tower, 

145. Bothal Church, 

156. Plan of Bothal Castle, 

163. Longhurst, 

175. Figures carved on a Stone in 

Ulgham Chapel, 
1 84. Woodhorn Church, 

204. Cresswell Tower, &c. 

205. Cresswell Fossil, 

206. Cresswell House, 
214. Newbigging Chapel 
222. Widdrington Chapel, 
266. Horton Chapel, 
279. Stannington Church, 
352. Bedlington Church, 
355. Remains of a Cross, 

374. Seal of R. de Merlay I. : 

375. Seal of R, de Merlay II. (See 

also page 480), 

375. Seal of R. de Merlay III., 


MissH.F.S.Mackreth,Edward Scriven, 
T. Sopwith, Isaac Nicholson, 


68 Subscribers to this Work.f 
The Author. 

Edw. Swinburne, Esq. John Jackson, London, Edward Swinburne, Esq.f 

Isaac Nicholson, 

Rev. James Raine, 

Edw. Swinburne, Esq. 

Robert Mackreth, 



Capt. Mitford, R. N. 

The Author, 

Isaac Nicholson, 

Edw. Swinburne, Esq. 


Wm. Lawson, Esq. 

J. Dobson, Architect, 

Isaac Nicholson, 



Capt. Mitford, R. N. 

Robert Mackreth, 


Capt. Mitford, R. N. 

Isaac Nicholson, 





Robert Mackreth, 

The Author. 

Rev. James Raine. $ 

The Author. 

Capt. Mitford, R. N.f 

Bertram Mitford, Esq. 


Capt. Mitford, R. N.f 

The Author. 





William Lawson, Esq. 

2 1, The Author, 

Isaac Nicholson, 

The Author. 





[, Ditto, 

Thomas Sopwith, 

T. Sepwith.f 

e, T. M. Richardson, 

William Millar, 

A. J. Cresswell Baker. 

ipel, T. Sopwith, 

Isaac Nicholson, 

The Author. 



Miss Errington, 









!erlav L, . .. Rev. James Raine, 



Isaac Nicholson, 
The Author, 





379. Seal of William Lord Dacre, .... Isaac Nicholson, 


Isaac Nicholson, 
William Collard, 

S. A. P. JE$ (a) 

The Author. 

Arms on Serjeant's Mace, Mor- 
peth, William Collard, 



395. TJlgham Chapel, T. Sopwith, 

Isaac Nicholson, 


426. Morpeth Old Bridge and Chapel, Wm. Collard. 
433. Seal of the Corporation of Mor- 



437. Plan of Northumberland County 

William Collard, 

C. W. Bigge, Esq. 


%" The contributors to whose names an asterisk (*) is fixed, have presented both the plates and impressions tc 
the Author; those with (f) have presented the impressions; and those with ($) the plates. 


Edlingham Castle, ,.... 

Belsay Castle, 


Whitfield Hall, 

Jesmond Chapel, 

Nafferton Hall, , 


Aydon Castle, i'. 

Chesters, with Chollerford Bridge in 

the Foreground, 

Lilburn Tower, 


Fire-place in Edlingham Castle, 

R. Thornton's Tomb, 


Edw. Swinburne, Esq. William Millar, 

Ditto, Ditto, 

Ditto, Ditto, 

Ditto, F. C. Lewis, 

J. W. Carmichael, Ditto, 

Edw. Swinburne, Esq. Ditto, 

Mrs Wyndham, W. H. Lizars, 

J. Dobson, Architect, Robert Mackreth, 

Robert Mackreth, Ditto, 

J. Dobson, Architect, Ditto, 

Ditto, Ditto, 

W. C. Treve}yan, W. C. Trevelyan, 

T. Sopwith, Mark Lambert, 


Sir J. E. Swinburne, Bart.* 
Edward Swinburne, Esq.* 
Ditto, and others.* 
William Ord, Esq., M. P.* 
James Losh, Esq.* 
F. Cholmley, Esq.* 
Sir John Trevelyan, Bart-f- 
Sir Edward Blackett, Bart. 

John Clayton, Esq. 

H. J. Wm. Collingwood, Esq. 

William Orde, Esq. 

W. C. Trevelyan, Esq.$ 

T. Sopwith.f 

a Socictas Antiquariorum Pontis-^lii. 

b This plate contains the arms on the mace of the corporation of Morpeth j and I cannot but express my thanks to Mr. Collard for the care 
and skill he has employed upon it. 



MELDON means the middle hill* and is the name of a parish and a village, 
the latter of which stands upon an elevated ridge, which is thrown into several 

* From mel, middle or between, and dun, a hill ; for mel is a very old word, signifying the same 
as mid or between, as in the term mel-doors, which, in old farm-houses in Westmorland, means the 
space in the passage between the front and back doors. And I would suggest, that btt (ml) in 
Hebrew, which, in one sense, signifies to divide; and mel in Celtic, pvto in Greek, and MOLA in 
Latin, all meaning a mill, with numerous other words in these, and other languages, be not, in one 
figurative sense or another, derived from the antient root mel, the primitive meaning of which com- 
prehended in it the ideas of comprising, including, pounding, crushing, or grinding one substance 
placed between other two. A house called Mell-waters, and belonging to the Rev. Joseph Taylor, 
of Worcester, stands between the Greta and the " ThuresgilP'-beck, near their junction, opposite to 
the second milestone south of Bowes, in Yorkshire. The two Mel-fells in Cumberland, and Mel- 
fell on the eastern side of Westmorland are conical hills, rising up between others. As a verb, the 
word means sometimes to bruise or pound, but generally to interfere, intermeddle, or go between, 
as " do not mell with us." Harding, Spenser, and Shakespeare use it. " Again all other that 



downs or low roundish hills. This ridge is a mass of diluvial deposit, con- 
sisting of sand in the uppermost parts, and a stiff clay below, embedded with 
roundish pieces of limestone, sandstone, and such other rocks as are found in 
situ in the western districts of Northumberland : it seems to have formed the 
eastern shore of a lake, which covered the Angerton meadows before the 
united streams of the Wansbeck and the Hart wore back a channel from 
the flat grounds below, to the level of the bottom of the lake at their junction. 
This parish is bounded on the east by the parish of Mitford, and the extra- 
parochial township of Rivergreen ; on the south by the parishes of Whalton 
and Bolam ; and on the west and north by the parish of Hartburn. In 1821, 
it contained 32 families, inhabiting 28 houses, and consisting of 156 persons. 
According to a survey made in the time of the earl of Derwentwater, it con- 
tains 996 acres, exclusive of 30 acres taken up by the river Wansbeck, roads, 
and the village of Meldon. b Its soil along its southern boundary is clayey, 

would with justs mell." (Chron. cap. 191.) " With holy father fits not with such things to 
mell." (Fa. Queen B. I. Cant. L st. 30.) 

" And say, a soldier, Dian, told thee this, 

" Men are to mell with, boys are but to kiss." f All's Well, A. 4. S. 3.} 

Meal is the rough produce of corn ground in a mill ; a melder, a making of meal ; and a meal, a 
repast, of which bread, or meal prepared in some other way, was formerly the principal article. 
The mell-doll or corn baby is an image gayly dressed like a female child, and carried by a woman 
on a pole, in the midst of a group of reapers, as they go dancing and screaming to and from the 
fields on " a shearing out day." These parties generally consist of women ; but after the day's 
work is done, Ihe mell-doll, perhaps meaning the meal-doll, graces the board where the swains 
partake with their female partners in reaping, in a plentiful meal, and the evening concludes with 
mirth, " music and dancing." A place of the name of Meldon* occurs in Cal. Inq. ad. q. Dam- 
num, p. 224, and there are numerous places in the kingdom, of which Mel forms the first syllable, 
as Melford, Melton, &c. Moel, however, in the Celtic language, means a hill (See Llhyd, under 
Bald) ; and Mel was the name of a Scottish earl, who flourished in the time of David I. (Ridp. 
Bora 1 . Hist, p. 85, note f. ) 

b In this survey mention is made of a field called Gillian's Foord, of 13 ac. 3 ro. 24 perches ; of 
the Orchard, 3 ac. 3 ro. 20 perches ; the New Orchard, 7 ac. 2 ro. 8 perches ; the Ewe-close and 
Sunny-kirkehill, 218 ac. 3 ro. 24 perches; and the Parson* s-garden, 2 ro. 22 perches. (MS. penes 
J. Ellis, Esy. of Otter burn Castle.) 

* " There is in the Augmentation Office, a charter of king Stephen, in which Maiden, in Essex, is called 
Meldon." J. R. 


and adapted to the growth of wheat : nearer the Wansbeck, it is light and 
gravelly, and suited to grazing, green crops, and dairy purposes. Its surface, 
especially in the part called Meldon Park, is wavy and bold; and the banks of 
the Wansbeck, which runs from east to west through it, are fringed with 
alder, or covered with natural or planted trees, to which much praiseworthy 
attention has, in latter years, been paid by the proprietors of the estate. This 
Park contains 359 acres on the south, and 108 acres on the north side of the 
Wansbeck ; and extends from the village of Meldon to the northern boundary 
of the parish : it is surrounded with a stone wall laid in mortar, which, till 
within the last 20 years, was in many places, 12 feet high, but has been uni- 
formly reduced to about 5 feet. It was probably made by the Ratcliffe family. 
Deer horns are frequently found here : one, in particular, remarkable for its 
size, was turned up by the plough, five or six years ago, in the low wet ground 
to the south-west of the bridge, and is now in the possession of Mr Wailes, 
one of the receivers of Greenwich Hospital. The Park-keeper's house, an old 
grey building, on the southern banks of the river, though in a low and warm 
situation, is raised high enough to give its tenant a supervisor's eye over 
nearly the whole area of the park ; and in the arrangement of its chimney 
tops, and the mullions and weather mouldings of its windows, was, no doubt, 
at the time it was built, a crack specimen of the architecture of the seven- 
teenth century. 

MELDON C was a manor in the barony of Mitford, till Roger Bertram, in the 

AH MS of the Lords of Meldon, p. 14. 

No. 1 From the seal of Roger Bertram, attached to 
a deed in the Chapter-house, Westminster, and abridg- 
ed below at p. 4, Evid. 2, a. 

No. 2. Enlarged from the shield on the arm of the 
knight in Surtees's SEALS, pi. 7, No. 1, which is an en- 
graving of the seal of Roger Bertram, of Mitford. See 
also in Surtees's SEALS, pi. 11, No. 15 & 16, and Evid. 2. 

No. 3. From a deed, Evid. 2, 6. in the Treasury of 
the Dean and Chapter of Durham. 

No. 4 The seal of Edmund de Denum. " At this 
period, it was not unusual for families to assume armo- 
rial bearings allusive to the names of their estates. 
Hence the mells or mallets upon the shield of the De- 
nums." J. R. This seal is from a document in the 

Treasury of the Dean and Chapter of Durham, and is 
engraved in Surtees's SEALS, pi. 11, No. 32. 

No. 5. William de Denum, from receipts at Evid. 4. 

No. 6. Heron, of Meldon, from Randal's Additions 
to Guillim's Heraldry, penes Surtees, of Mainsforth. 

No. 7- Sir Wm Fenwick, of Meldon, from the offi- 
cial entry of his funeral, in the memorandum book of 
Withie the Herald. (Harl. MS. 1372,/o/. 7, A.) 

The paternal arms of Dorothy, daur. and co-h. of sir 
William Fenwick, of Meldon, as they were allowed by 
the College of Heralds to her husband Edward Moore, 
of Bankhall, coun. of Lancaster, esq. stand thus in the 
Harl. MS. 6821. 

1. Fenwick, party per fess gules & argent, six martlets of the 

same counterchanged. 

2. Mutgrave, azure six annulets 3, 2, and 1 or. 


time of Henry the Third, sold 34 acres of land in Molesdon, and his seigni- 
oral rights, amounting to one and a half knight's fees, in Meldon and Prest- 

8. Grey, qf Wark (and of Splndlestone), gules, within a bor- 
der engrailed, a lion rampant, argent. 

4. Contyn, or, 3 garbs, 2 and 1, gules. 

5. Hi-ton, vert, within a border engrailed, a lion rampant, 


6. Grey, qf Horton, barry of six argent and azure, on a bend 

gules, an annulet argent. 

7. Fitohugh, <tf Ravenmuorth, azure, a chief, and three chev- 

ronells Interlaced or. 

8. Marmion, qf Tanficld, vaire argent and azure, a fess gules. 

No. 8 The coat of Radclyffe, of Dilston. 

No. 9. Arms of sir Francis Radclyffe, who married 
Catherine, daur. and co-h. of sir William Fenwick, of 
Meldon. On the shield of pretence Fenwick quartering 
Grey, of Spindleston. From an impression of his seal in 
the Consist. Court at Durham. See Dilston for a cu- 
rious letter on the subject of the armorial bearings of 
the Radclyffes, when they were elevated to the peerage. 


1. Rot. Cart. 5 Edw. I. No. 22. R. archiepis epis 
tc. satm . Sciatis nos concessisse - Wal?o de Cambhou 
qd ipe r t hedes sui imppetuu heant lifiam warenna in 
oinibj dnicis ?ris suis de Cambhou, Shafthou, Denum, 
Colewell, Meldon *t Reuehou in com' Northumfcr dum 
tn ?re ille non sint infra metas foreste nre . Ita qd nul- 
lus intret ras illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad aliquid 
capiend qd ad warenna ptineat sine licencia 1 voluntate, 
gdci Walft vi hered SUOT? sup forisfcuram nfam decem 
lib? . Quare volumus . tc . Hijs testib3 1c Dat p 
uianu ni am ap Wygorn' xxv. die Jan. (Ex. Orig. in 
Tur. Land, certified by HENHY PETRIE.^) 

2, a. Carta Rogi Bertram dni de Mitford dno Witto 
de Valentia dno Pembrock tolas villas de Merdesffen . 
Calverdon . 1 parva Eland habend in feodo 1 heditate . 
Reddend un' denr. s. d See Seals, p. 14, No. 2. 

2, 6. Omibj Witts de Cammou filius dni Walft de 
Cammou stm in dno . No$itis me relaxasse p me 
WydoniDaraynzet hed3 totu jus qd hui in ftisquas 
hui de gdto Wydone in Hwyttintunstalle Hiis testib3 
Wal?o de Cammou . dno Johe de Swynburne . Nichao 
de Hechame . Rotto de Buteland . Ricardo tysun . 1 
aliis. See Seals, p. 14, No. 3. 

3, a. Omibus Johes de Cambhou miles . saltm in 
dno . NoQitis me remississe, &c. Johi filio Rotiti de 

Denu totu jus in vno annuo redditu viginti solidoT? 
exeunte de mafiio de Magna Whitington &c. Hiis tes- 
tib3 Nicho Scot tuc vie Northumbf . Witto de Felton . 
Adam de Swinburne . Thorn de Bekering militib; . 
Witto de Shafthou . RotJto de Boteland . Simone de 
Welteden . Johe Gray de Herl . 1 aliis . Dat apud 
nouu castru sup Tynam 24 Aprilis a. r. r. Edw. fit reg. 
Edwardi octavo. (Swinb. Misc. p. 1.) 

3, b. Pateat unversis p gsentes qd Witts fit Rotiti de 
Denum concessi & ad firmam dimisi Witto filio Sibille 
sororis meae omnia terr' & tenta mea cu ptin' q fiui in 
Denum t Wallington excepto annuo redditu 12 solidoty 
p ann' quern reddit Johes de Wallington Hend &c. 
dco Witto filio Sibille 1 hered 1. Test, dnis Rofcto 
Darays vie. North' . Johe de Fenwyke . Witto de Tyn- 
dale milit . Thoma de Schafthow &c. Dat. die lune 
viz 1 , in fto apploi? Phil, "t Jacobi 1340 (Lansd. MS. 
326, Ogle Deeds, No. 119.,) 

4, Pateat qd ego Witts de Denom recepi de dno 
meo priore Dunelin qdraginta solidos de arreragiis feodi 
mei qdraginta solidoi? p annii . Incujus tc. Data apd 
Camhus die dnica px' post tin sci Martini in leme anno 
regni Regis Edwardi ftj undecimo. ( Raine's Charters, 
V. 36.^ Another receipt is for 40s. " de feodo meo 
unius robe & 40 solidoi? apud Camhus 14 Ed. III." 
There are 16 similar receipts to 22 Edw. III. all sealed 
and in the treasury at Durham. See Seals, p. 14, No. 4. 

5, a. Inquis' capt. apud Novum Castru sup Tynam in 
castro ibidem coram Johanne de Scotherskelf esc' 8 
Sep. 1367 p sacfm Johis Laweson . Nichi de Gren- 
don . Gilfcti Laweson . Rici de Cramlington . Witti fit 
Thome de Stiford . Nichi de Houghon . Rofiti de 
Eland . Witti de Hidewyn . Johis Killingworth jun. 
Johis fit Henr' de Faudon . Witti de Birteley jun. 
Qui die' p sacrm suu qd Issabett q fuit ux Witti de 
Denom tenuit die quo obiit qdem ft-' 1 ten cu ptin' in 
Melden eidem Is. 1 hedib3 masctis de corpe ipius Witti 
quond viri sui exeunt . ita qd si idem Witts obierit 
sine hede mascto de corpe suo legitie pcreat. tune dca 9r. 
M'gie fit gdci Witti remaneant . Et die' qd gdcus 
Witts de Denom obiit sine hede masculo de corpe suo 
legitie pcreat. Et die' qd gdca ?r. t ten. tenent' de dno 
R. in capite p Svic milit. que q'dm 9r. t ten. sunt in 


wick, to sir Walter de Camboe. d In 1270, Robert, son of this sir Walter, 
and Isabell his wife, released to sir John de Plessis the mills of Plessis, which 

d III. i. 104. 

manibj tenenc ad voluntatem 1 reddunt p annu iiii ti. 

Ifm die' qd gdca Isabett tenuit in dnico suo ut de feodo 
die quo obiit qdm r. 1 ten. in Molesdon q sunt de ptin. 
dco^i ten. in Meldon de dno R. in cap. p vic' milif 1; 
sunt in inanib; tenenc' ad voluntatem . t reddunt p 
annu xx. s. Ifm die' qd gfata Isabett tenuit in dnieo 
suo ut de feodo medietatem ville de Riplington in 
manibj tenenc. ad volunt. t reddit p annu xx. i. 1 
tenent' de epo Dunelm. p fidelitatem. Ifm die' qd 
dca Isabella obijt seisit. in dnico suo ut de feodo die quo 
obijt de uno mess. r t xx. acr. terr. in Chapyngton q 
sunt in manibj tenenc. ad voluntatem 1 reddunt p annu 
x. s. 1 tenentur de epo Dunolm. p fidelitatem. Et die.' 
qd dca Is. languens in extremis apud Camboys die 
safetiti px. ante fm assencionis Dni ultio p'frto fecit se 
asportar ext' cameram suam mafiij de Camboys usq, ad 
capett ejusdm mafiij el in fraudem ad exclud dnm R. de 
exit 1 pfic' dci mafiij de Camboys ac rY. t ten. in West- 
dicheburn T. Bedelyngton eidm mafiio ptinenf. Et 
tune eadm Is feofFavit Johem de Stryvelyn 1 hedes 
suos imppetuu in mafiio "t ten' jidcis. Et die' qd dca 
Is. obijt in eodm mafiio die dnica px. sequent, post dcm 
diem Safcfiti &c. Et die' qd Ricus fit Rici Scot fit pdce 
M'gie fit pdce Is. est heres dee Is. ppinquior de pdcis 
ten. in Meldon 1 Molesdon. 1 est etatis xxvj annoy 1 
ampli' . Et die. qd gdcus Ricus fit Rici 1 Hug' Galon 
etatis xxx anno v 't Ricus Gal way etatis xxviij anno; 
sunt ppinquiores heiedes ipius Is. de jklco mafiio de 
Camboys cu ten' in Westdickeburn & Bedelington 
et de pMcis ten in Ripplington & Chapyngton . In cuj' 

5, b. NOHTHUMBR. comptu est p inquisicoem p Johem 
de Scotherskelf escaetorem qd Isabella que fuit ux' 
WiWi de Denom langens" (sic in recordo) " apud 
Camboys die sabbati px ante festum ascentois dni a. 
r. r. E. 3 1 . xli fecit se asportari extra camam suam ma- 
fiii de Camboys usq, ad capellam ejusdem mafiii 1 in 
fraudem ad excludend dnm regem de exitib5 1 pficuis 
dci mafiii de Camboys ac ?raT7 t ten' in Westdicheburn 
& Bedlyngton eidem mafiio ptinentibj f i tune fesffavit 
Johem de Strevelyn t heredes suos imppm de mafiio t 


ten' gdcis 1 qd eadem labetf in eodem mafiio die dnica 
px sequente post dcm diem sattbis obijt de tali statu 
seisita de mafiio &c. t gdcus Johes de Strevelyn in can- 
cellar' ipius regis apud Westm in mense (sic) Sci Michis 
a. r. ipsius regis xli. psonaliP comparens quo ad hoc qd 
pdcam inquisicoem supponit' qd gdca Isabett obiit seisita 
de dco mafiio de Camboys ac de quibusdam ten' in 
Westdicheburn t Bedelyngton ac de uno messuagio t 
viginti acris re in Chapyngton dicit qd ilia ten' que 
p dcam inquisicoem supponunt' esse in Westdicheburn 
sunt in Slikburn-west absq, hoc qd fidcus Johes tenet 
aliqua ten in ahqua villa in com' gdco vocata West- 
dicheburn' ^t dicit qd eadem Isabella in vita sua de eis- 
dem ten' in Slikeburn West ac de gdcis mafiio t ten' in 
Chapyngton t Bedelyngton cum ptin' gfato Jofti de 
Strevelyn t Johi fit suo jam defuncto se demisit hend 
c t tenend ad totam vitam ipius Johis de Strevelyn t 
Johis fit sui. Ita qd post mortem gdco^ Johis &c. pdca 
mafiiu, &c. integre remanerent Isabelle fit Rici Scott 
de Novo Castri sup Tynam, t heredibj de corpore suo 
pcreatis et si eadem Isabella filia Rici Scot obierit sine 
hf de corpore suo pcreato pdca, &c. integre remanerent 
Agneti de Dudden' "t her' suis imppm. Et qd iidem 
Johes de Strevelyn t Johes fit ejus de mafiio "I ten' 
gdcis sic seisiti dimiserunt eadem mafiiu t ten' cu ptin' 
ptate Isabelle de Denom hend ad ?minu quadraginta 
annoi? reddende inde annuatim gfatis Johi de Strevelyn, 
et Johi fit suo quadraginta libras absq, hoc qd gfata 
Isabella de Denom obiit sesita de maftio t ten' gdcis in 
dnico suo ut de feodo seu aliquem aliu statum inde huit 
die quo obiit nisi ad minu annoT? fm put idem Johes de 
Strevelyn supius allegavit 1 hoc parat' est verificar'. 
Et Michael Skilling qui sequit' p dno rege dicit qd 
pdca Isabella de Denom obiit seisita in dnico suo &c. 
Et pdcus Johes dicit qd pdca Isabella de Denom non 
obiit seisita ^c. Set qd iidem Johes & Johes erunt 
seisiti de mafiio &c. vertute feoffamenti pdci &c. "I hoc 
petit inquir' p priam . t pdcus Michael qui sequit' &c. 
Ideo datus est dies &c. Et p"ceptum est vie. North- 
umbf qd venif fac. coram rege &c. viginti t quatuor 
tarn milites q'm alios pbos t leg' holes de visu de Cam- 


he gave to them in marriage with a deed of feoffment, and in perpetuity, so 
that neither they nor their heirs could in future, under pretext of their mar- 

boys Slikburn-West Bedelyngton *t Chapyngton qui 
ptatu Johera de Strevelyn aliqua affinitate seu con- 
sanguinitate non attingant ad recognoscend p sacfm suu 
sup pmissis plenius veritate . Quia &c. (Ex orig.) 

5, c. Inquis' capta in castro Novi Castri sup Tynam 
coram Jolie de Scotherskelt esc dni regis in com' North- 
umbr die Jovis in 9da Septiana q'd'gesie a" r. r. E. rcii 
post conquestu xlij l ' p sacim Johis de Walyngton . 
Rofcti de Middelton . Jotiis de Farnylaw . Rotti de 
Louthre . Gilfcti Vaus . Johis de Meslay (sic) . Rici de 
Horsley . Henr* Tailboys . Rofeti de Eland . Rici del 
Park . Johis de Wodburn . 1 Witti de Shafthowe juf . 
Qui die' sup sacfm suu qd Is. que fuit ux Witti de 
Denotn non tenuit aliqua 9r. seu ten de dno rege in 
capita in dnico suo ut de feodo die quo obiit in eodm com 
nee alibj in battia dci esc . Set die' qd p*dca Is. ftiit con- 
junctim feoffata cu Jdcb Witto quond viro suo sibi t 
tiedibj de corpibj eoTjdem ligitime per de maSiis de Mel- 
don 1 Ripplyngton . Et die' qd gdca Is. post mort 
pdci With' quond viri sui feoffavit Ricum Scot de pdcis 
maSiis tenend ad totam vitam ipius Is . Et sic die' qd 
p\lca IS obiit seisita de mafiiis gdcis in feodo T; jure . Et 
die' qd marnum de Meldon tenet' de Rofeto de Fenwyk 
p viciu militaf "I p Sviciu vi s . viii d . solvend Et die' qd 
gdcm mam'u de Ripplyngton tenet' de Thoma de Rip- 
plyngton p fidelitat 1 p viciu uni' denar p annu p 
omibj viciis . Et die' qd pdcm mafiiu de Meldon valet 
p annu in oinib3 exitibj iiii 1 '. Et maner' de Ripplyng- 
ton vat p annu in ofnibj exitibj xx s . . Itm die' qd gdca 
Isabett obiit die Saftftti px' post ftn invencois see crucis 
(May 3.) ultio gftto . Et die' qd Hugo Galon' fit 1 
heres Lucie Galon uni' filial? 1 hedii gdcoi? With' 1 
Isabett . Et Ricus Scot junior fit 1 fees M'gie Scot alfc' 
filial? 1 hedu dcoT? Wilti 1 Isabett . Et RoBtus Galway 
fit 1 fees Cristiane Galway 9cie fit 1 hedu dcbu Wiffi 1 
Is sunt consanguine! 't ppinq'ores hedes gdce II . Et 
fdcus Hugo est etatis triginta 1; quatuor annoi? . 1 
pdcus Ricus Scot junior est etatis triginta anno 1 ? . Et 
dcus Rot5tus est etatis viginti quatuor anno"? 1 ampli' . 
Et ulft' die' qd qued Is. de Riggesby quarta fit t hedu 
pdcoiz Wiffi 1 Is. concessit p finem Witto Heron chivaler 
1 Johi Heron chivaler revsionem quarte ptis maSioT? 
gdcoi? quam sibi refti deberet post mortem gdce Is. de 
Benom tenend sibi t hedibj suis imppetuu . Et die' qd 

gdca Is. de Riggesby obiit sine feede de se. In cuj' &c. 

6. Nicholaus Heron filius 1 heres Thome Heron de- 
functi natus fuit apud Meldon, et in ecclesia dicte ville 
baptizatus, et est etatis viginli unius amiorum in fest 
conversionis sancti Pauli proximo preterite (Extracted 

from the orig. by J. BAILEY, 13th Aug. 1822.) 

7. Inquisitio indentata capta apud villam de Morpeth 
die Mercurij 26 die Septembris anno regni domino- 
nostrae Eliz. 41 coram Anthonio Felton armigero 

! escaetori post mortem Alexandri Heron de Meldon 
; generosi per sacramentum Thome M iddleton . Josue 
Delavale . Richardi Ogle . Cuthberti Ogle . Johannis 
Horslie . Thomae Tompson . Cuthberti Hedlie . Ja- 
cobi Rames . Gawini Ainslie . Thome Redhead . Ed- 
wardi Gallon . Willielmi Browne . Thome Anderson . et 
Humfridi Grene juratorum . Qui dicunt quod pre- 
dictus Alexander Heron die quo obijt fuit seisitus in 
dominico suo ut de feodo de et in manerio sive villa de 
Meldon Ac de et in uno messuagio sive hamletto 
vocat Heron's Close juxta Fenrother Ac de et in uno 
alio messuagio sive hamleta vocata Deneham Ac de et 
in medietate ville sive Hamlete de Ripplington Ac de 
et in uno messuagio sive tenemento cum suis pertinen- 
tiis in Qwalton. Ac de et in uno messuagio sive tene- 
mento in Thornton Et ulterius dicunt quod pre- 
dictum manerium de Meldon tenebatur de dicta 
domina regina per servitium unius feodi militis ut de 
manerio suo de Mitford et valet per annum in omnib3 
exitibus ultra reprisas quinque libras Et quod predic- 
tus Alexander Heron obijt 30 die Septembris anno 
regni dicte domine regine quadragesimo . Et quod Ro- 
bertus Heron est frater et heres prefati Alexandri 
Heron et est etatis die captionis hujus inquisitionis 
viginti trium annorum et amplius &c." (From a copy 
out of the Rolls Chapel certified by JOHN KIPLING.) 

8. Inquis. 11 Oct. 7- Jac. 1 Robertus Hearon ten. 
mediet' ville sive hamlett. de Riplington de rege p 
servic' 10 ptis feodi vnius milit' vt de maffto suo de 
Whalton . obijt 1 Maij vlt' gterit' : Wittus fit 1 heres 
etat' tempe capcbis 12 annoi? c t 4 mensiu. fMickleton 
MS. in Sibi. Ep'i Dun. No. 33, fol. 210.) 

9. Will of Robert Heron, of Meldon My will and 
mynde is, that all those my lands and heredilaments 
lying in Meldon That Thomas Lumsden esquier and 



riage, assume any claim to right or title in the mills. This release was made 
on the consideration of a grant to them by the said John de Plessis of the 

his assigns shall quietly have and enjoy ihe same during 
the residew of the years in his lease and after thend 
of the said years unto the right heirs of me the said 
Robert Heron forever My lands tents and heredita- 
ments lying in Riplington after the decease of Roger 
Hearon my loving father I give unto Catharine my 
loving wife & to my children to be equally divided 
amongest them. My said wife Catharine, said Thomas 
Lumsden, and Josua Delaval of Ryver's Greene gent. 
my executors &c. dated 31 May, 1609. Witnesses 
Thomas Elwood scriven* . Thomas Radcliff notar' 
public . Wittm Fenwick . Peter Watson. INVENTORY 
of his goods among other things : " VIII oxen which 
Sir William Fenwick destrened for rent at Whitsontyd. 
Item hard come 20tie bowells 6, 13s. 4d. Item 
bigg 3 bowles, 39s. Item oats 36 bowles 9." Besides 
the following household furniture, viz. : " 2 fether 
beds 5 bolsters 6 pillowes 4Os. Item 10 coverings and 
5 pe of blancketts 33s. 4d. Item 13 quishions 2 long 
carpetts and 3 short carpets 16s. Item 3 cubbords 
and a pressor 30s. Item three liverie tables and five 
long tables 26s. 8d. Item 3 formes 7 buffet stooles, 
4 long settles & 3 chairs 16s. Item 2 iron chimnies, 2 
crookes, 3 iron barres 'I 4 spittes 20s. Item 4 brasse 
pottes, 4 cawdrons, 2 kettles & a little pann 56s 8d. 
Item a frying pan, a bread grater, and a lattin kettle 
2s. Item 5 chests & coffers & a setting sticke 5s. 4d. 
Item milking vessell xi s. Item a water sve, 3 leven 
tubbes, 3 butter kitts 3s Item a brewing tubb, Z 
wort tubbes & two beare barrells 3s. 4d. Item hemp 
2s. Item 2 bee hives 4s Item a cheste for corne 2s. 
Item pewther vessell 30tie peaces & 16 spones 24s. 
8d Item fowre silver spones 12s. Item a pewther 
chamber pot and one of glass, a can and 4 drinking 
glasses 18d. Item 5 candlesticks 2s. 4d. Item a brasse 
mortar T: a pestell, a bottle, and a stone pott 3s. 4d. 
Item an old window cloth, with seckes, wallets, and 
poakes 20d Item a woullen wheile & wollen cards 20d. 
Item 4 table clothes & one ewer clothe 12s. Item 12 
yards of linen clothe 12s. Item 3 hand towells 2 dozen 
Ik 4 table napkinges 1 1 s. Item one pair of curtons and 
vallances 12s. Item 2 dozen trenchers 12d. Sum 
62. 16s. 9d." (Raines MSS.J 

11. "," Roger Fenwick, of Meldon, was made de- 

puty keeper and forester of the king's woods of Chop, 
well in 1631, as appears by the following extract from 
his appointment : Omnibus Robertus Worral de Lon- 
don gen. Salutem Cum Carolus d. g. Rex p i ( patent, 
sub sigillo cur scac'ij dat apud Westm. ixmo die De- 
cemb. a. r. s. 6to constituit ftfat. RoEtum Worral ad 
officiu & offic custod 1 fforestaf bosc. R. de Chopwell 
parcett possession' Johis Swinburne attinct Habend 
tarn p se quam sufficient deput SC'.ATIS me consti- 
tuesse Rogeru ffenwicke de Meldon mourn verum de- 
putat' &c. Dat. 15 Oct. 1631. (Stanton Papers. ) 

12. Commissio super capellam de Meldon W. 

dilecto filio officiali nostro Eboracensi In causa que 
super capellam de Meldon quam Robertus de Lesseth 
rector ecclesie de Mitford asserit ad suam acclesiam 
pertinere in curia nostra Eboracensi inter eundem ma- 
gistrum Robertum ex parte una et Johannem de Nor- 
ham capellam predictam ut asseritur detinentem ex 
altera vertitur seu verti speratur vobis cum potestate 
privandi distituendi seu amovendi prout de jure fuerit 
faciendum necnon cujuslibet cohercionis canonicae com- 
mitimus vices nostras. Valeatis. Dat. London V. kal. 
Martij anno grade MCCC septimo et pontificatus nostri 
tertio. (Ex reg'ro Archiep? Ebor. penes reg'r'um, ibid. 
18 Aug. 1827-) J. R- 

13. Reverendo Ricardo Dunolm. episcopo Oifici- 
alis domini archidiaconi Northumbrie Mandatum ves- 
trum vii idus OcLobris a. d. 1317 recepi in hec verba. 
Ricardus &c. presentaverunt nobis religiosi viri prioi et 
conventus ecclesie nostre Dunolm' magistrum Johannem 
de Nassington clericum suum ad ecclesiam de Meldon 
Quocirea vobis mandamus quatenus &c. diligenter in- 
quiratis an dicta ecclesia vacat &c. Dat. apud Dunolm 
3 die Oct. 1 consecrationis nostre anno sexto . Aucto- 
ritate igitur hujus mandati diligentem feci inquisitionem 
per dovninos Robertum de Bothal . Willielmum de 
Whelpington . Johannem de Stannmgton ecclesiarum 
rectores . dominos Willielmum de Novo Castro . Jo- 
hannem de Tynemwe . Philippum de teuton in Glen- 
dale . Robertum de Chevelingham . Johannem de 
Ponteland . Gilbertum deNewburn ecclesiarum vicarios 
dominos Johannem de Prudhow . Nicholaum Tyok . 
Thomam deRouthebery T. Willelmum de Werkeword ca- 
pellanos parochiales de Novo Castro . Qui dicunt jurat! 



manor of Meldon, as was more circumstantially set forth in the writings 
hetween the parties respecting this transaction. 6 Seven years after, the same 

* Cart. Rid. p. 80 ; II. i. 279. 

quod dicta ecclesia vacat et vacavit fere a festo Sancti 
Marei Evangeliste a. d. 1316 per admissionem domini 
Roberti ultimi rectoris ejusdem ad vicariam de Herte- 
burne quam vicar iam idem Robertas possidet . Item 
dicunt quod religiosi viri prior et conventus ecclesie 
Dunelm' sunt veri patroni ejusdem T; ultimo tempore 
pacis presentaverunt r t sunt in possessione presentandi 
1 valet annuatim decem marcas . Non est pensionaria 
nee liligiosa &c. Data apud Novum Castrum super 
Tynam iii idus Oct. a. d. 1316 (Reg. Eccles. Dunelm. 
I.fol. 110.) 

" In expens cticoT? apud Novu castru circa Ecclesiam 
de Meldon vij s. viij d." (Ex Rot. Burs. EccV Dunelm. 
a". 1316.) 


John de Tinmue, presented by Sir Roger Bertram. 
fill. u. 50J 

Odonel de Ford, presented by Sir Roger Bertram on 
the death of Tinmue. (Id.) 

Simon de Bitterley, collated by Robert de Stichell, 
bishop of Durham. (Id.) 

Roger de Askeby, collated by Rob. de Insula, bishop 
of Durham. (Id.) 

John de Norham, presented by the prior and convent 
of Durham. 1280 1310. 

Galfrid de Edenham, presented by the P. & C. of D. 
about the year 1310, when their suit with the canons 
of Lanercost ended. He resigned Oct. 3, 1315, for 
Woodhorn. (See Coniscliff.) On the death of one 
Adam de Thornton, a parishioner of Meldon, his best 
animal and best garment, according to the custom of 
these parts, were due to the rector of Meldon as a 
mortuary : but the abbot of Newminster, in Thornton's 
last sickness, drove away his best horse and detained it, 
to the prejudice of this Galfrid de Edenham, who com- 
plained to bishop Killawe of the injury done him, and 
the bishop referred the matter to the archbishop of 
York. (Rainess MSS.) 

Robert de Tymparon was appointed a prebendary of 
Auckland, 23 May, 1313- ( Kellawe^s Reg. fol. 84 J ; 
presented to Meldon, 6 Id. Nov. 1315 ; ordained priest 
in I316-(7d. /. 164; ; presented to Hartburne, after 

the death of John de Percy, 4 July, 1316 fld.f. 167; ; 
resigned in 13)6. 

John de Nassington, on whose presentation there was 
an inquest holden 3d Oct. 1316, upon the right of the 
prior and convent of Durham to the patronage to this 
church, which was found to belong to them. The 
jurors were Robert, rector of Bothale; Hugh, rector 
of Qwelpington ; John, rector of Stanyngton ; William, 
vicar of Newcastle ; John, vicar of Tynemwe ; Philip, 
vicar of Newton, in Glendale ; Thos. vicar of Alnham ; 
John, vicar of Ponteland ; and Gilbert, vicar of New- 
burne ; and John de Prudhou, Nicholas Tyak, Thomas 
de Rouchestre and Wm de Ireby, parochial chaplains 
in Newcastle. (Ewd. Supra, p. 7, -ZVo. 13.; 
This John de Nassington, at the time of his presenta- 
tion, was official general of the bishop of Durham. 

William de Darlington, in 1354, exchanged Meldon 
for Stamfordham, with Alan de Ulkiston. (Hatfielfs 
Reg. fol. 34. ; 

Alan de Ulkiston was vicar of Stamfordham from 1326 
till 1354, when be became rector by exchange as above. 

William Pulhore, chaplain, presented 26th June, 
1364. , 

Nicholas de Ingelby exchanged Meldon with John de 
Ingelby, for the vicarage of Bywell Peter, 22 July, 
1369 (Half. Reg. f. Q^.) 

John de Ingleby, as above. 

John de Gateway resigned 29 June, 1378, for the 
church of St. Peter the Less, in York, when there was 
another inquest on the right of patronage to this rectory. 
(Hatf. Reg. fol. 143 b. 145 b.j 

Reginald Porter, clerk, instituted 19 Sep. 1378 (Id. 
fol. 150;,- vicar of Pittington and master of St. Ed- 
mund's Hosp. in Newcastle. fv> Hutchn. $ Brand.} 

William de Graystanes had a mandate from the bishop, 
1st March, 1381, for his induetion into this church, 
after the resignation of it by Reginald Porter. 

Richard de Thornton was rector here in 1382, as ap- 
pears by a " Procuratorium" of his in the 2nd Box in 
the Treasury of Durham. 

John de Riggeton resigned in 1384 ; was vicar of Hes- 
leden in 1380 ( Surtees, I. 50.; 



Walter de Camboe obtained a licence, from Edward the First, of free warren 
in Meldon, and the adjoining manor of Revehow, as well as in Camboe, 

William Marmill, presented 31 May, 1384, on the 
resignation of Riggeton. 

John Burgeys, presented 11 June, 1384, having made 
an exchange with Marmill. 

Robert de Aukland, presented 2 Oct. 1387; vicar of 
Hartburn from 1362 to 1364, and again in 1375. 

Henry Flynton exchanged Edmundbires with Robert 
de Aukland for this place, to which he was presented 
15 Jan. 1411. 

Henry Driffield occurs as rector here in 1 425 ; but is 
this right ? One of the same name was rector of Ilder- 
ton from 1378 to 1415, when he died (Rand. \\.) 

Thomas Hebbedon, LL. D. occurs as licentiate in law, 
17 Dec. 1425; chancellor and examining chaplain to 
the bishop of Durham, 17 Dec. \42S( Langl. Reg. f. 
162J , continued chaplain till 1432 ; presented to Mel- 
don, 5 May, 1430, on the death of Henry Flynton; 
and, July 7* exchanged the living of Boldon, in the 
county of Durham, for the rectory of Welleton, in 
Yorkshire. f/6. 169. > On Dec. 29, 1431, collated to 
the deanery of Auckland ; resigned Meldon, 30 Dec. 

1431 (Ib.fol. 183.; By his will, which is dated 21 

June, 1435, and proved 18 July same year, he left 
20s. to the parish church of Meldon. fib. 220. ) 

William Doncastre, dean of Auckland, on the death of 
Hebbedon, presented 20 April, 1436, and again 22 
April, 1437; vicar of Bedlington, in 1418 and 1419 ; 
in 1420, made guardian of the spiritualties of the prior 
and convent of Durham, in Allertonshire (Reg. III. 
f. 76. b.) 

Alexander Surtees, presented 25 July, 1439, on the 
death of Doncastre. (Id. 239. ) 

William Essby, chaplain, presented 12 March, 1440, 
on the resignation of Surtees. (Id. 262. J 

Richard Kighley (in Randall RUey) presented 1453, 
p. m. Essby. He was also vicar of Mitford. 

Adam Murland, bachelor of canon and civil law, pre- 
sented 2#^>ril, 1467, on the resignation of Kighley. 
He resigned this living in the house of John Tyele, 
succentor df Salisbury Cathedral, 3 Oct. 1474. 
(Id. 215 > 

John Clerk, LL.D., canon regular of Carlisle, pre- 
sented 8 Sep. 1474, on the resignation of Morland; 
and had a dispensation from the pope to hold this living ! 


with his other preferments. (Reg. IV.fol. 21 2y ; rector 
of Rothbury from 1512 to 1523. 

George Heron, presented 27 March, 1487, on the 
death of Clerk. (Reg. V.fol. 3.J 

Christopher Wardell, LL. B., presented 5 Oct. 1503, 
after the resignation of Heron (Id. fol. 77) ; vicar of 
Aycliffe, Durham, in 1520. 

John Lambe, chaplain, presented 10 April, 1506, after 
the resignation of Wardell (Id. f. 80) ; summoned to 
a visitation in the Gallilee of the cathedral chuich of 
Durham, 4 Oct. 1507 (Id. fol. 88); resigned Meldon, 
before proper witnesses, in the cell of Jarrow. 

Anthony Heron, presented 9 Aug. 1515, on the re- 
signation of Lambe. (Id. fol. 160.) 

Edward Fenwick, presented 20 Jan. 1516, after the 
dentil of Anthony Heron (Id. fol. 1 70.) > 

Thomas Davison, presented 25 Feb. 1572^f by the 
bishop of Durham by lapse (Reg. in Cur. Consist. Du- 
nelm, fol. 70) ; vicar of Longbrsie"y from 157^10 1582 ; 
curate of Alnwick from 1577 to the time of his death 
in 1582. 

Henry Duxfield, presented 6 Oct. 1575, after the re- 
signation of Davison (Reg. Whittingham, 2 fol. 338, i.) ; 
vicar of Bolam from 1578 to 1587. 

Humphrey Greene, presented 3 Oct. 1587, p. m. Dux- 
field (Matth. Reg. 158, 1 60); "curate of Cramlington, 
29 Oct. 1621 ; curate of Bothal, 1585 ; vicar of Bolam, 

Thomas Whitacres, presented 5 Oct. 1602, after the 
resignation of Greene. (Reg< J tones, f. 158.)' 

John Wood, A. B., presented 12 Jan. 1610, p. m. 
Whitacres. A writ was issued out of the Exchequer 
against him, 1628, for 6 (Swinb. MSS. Hi. 247.) In 
1637 and 1638, there were proceedings against him be- 
fore the High Commission Court, in which he was 
charged with having " neglected, if not deserted, the 
cure of Meldon, of which he was parson ;" and after time 
being given him for answering, he " by his counsel 
moved That his cure of Meldon was supplied by a suf. 
Sclent minister, and that he could not personally reside 
thereon by reason of the want of an house, which he 
was about to build, at his great charge, and that the 
serving of the cure, and repairing of the house, did take 
up the most part if not all the profits of the said rec- 




Shaftoe, Denum, arid Colwell ; f and the lands of this manor, on the death of 
the mesne proprietor, in 1367, were found to be holden of that branch of the 

' Meldon Evid. No. I. 

lory," &c. &c (From the Book of Proceedings, $c. in 
the Lib. of Dur. Cath.) 

Thomas Bendlowes held Meldon with Mitford from 
1652 to 1660, which livings were united by the par- 
liamentary commission. He resided in the parsonage 
house at Meldon ; but after the Restoration, became a 
barrister and a justice of peace. He died between 1705 
and 1708. For some notice respecting the antient fa- 
mily of Bendlowes, see Whitaker's Richmond, and 
Surtees's Dur. ii. 15, 16. 

John Wood, restored in 1660. He was rector of 

in Yorkshire, and died in 1675, sixty -five years from 
the date of his first presentation to Meldon. 

George Forster, ordained priest 24 Sep. 1637 ; insti- 
tuted to Bolam in 1640; presented to Meldon, 15 
April, 1675, after the death of Wood (See under Bo- 
lam II. i, 340, 341.) The farm which Forster is there 
stated to have taken, was in Low Angerton, at the foot of 
the hill upon which his church stands. Leaver, the in- 
truder, during his short incumbency, set about re- 
building the vicarage house at Bolam ; and, whilst the 
work was in progress, Forster frequently walked up the 
hill, gave the masons and carpenters a shilling for 
drink, and would say to them, " work on, my bonny 
lads, I'll be back again by and bye." (Bolam Regr.~) 
His eldest son settled at Rugley, par. Alnwick. 

Charles Pye, A. B., of Christ's Col. Camb., ordained 
deacon in Dur. Cath. 20 Sep. 1685 ; presented to Mel- 
don in 1695 ; buried, at Morpeth, 27 Nov. 1726. He 
collected and left many useful papers respecting the 
rights of this living, which fell into the hands of Mr 
Raine, the present rector, who is intending to erect a 
monument to Mr Pye's memory in this church. 

William Noble, A. M , presented 29 Nov. 1726, after 
the death of Pye. Curate of Kyloe, 1?39 ; also of Bel- 
ford. At the primary visitation of bishop Trevor, in 
1754, he certified that his curate, Mr Gordon, vicar of 
Mitford, read prayers and preached here once a month 
on the Sunday afternoons, which was the only service 
then performed. He died at Kyloe in 1762. 

Isaac Nelson, 1?62 ; vicar of Mitford, 1759 ; drowned 

at one of the stepping-stones between Mitford and 
Morpeth, Friday, 20 March, 1772. 

Richard Witton, curate of Hartburn, presented 20 
July, 1 772, p. m. Nelson ; perpetual curate of Rock 
and Rennington, at which last place he died, 27 Feb. 
1820. He was a long time curate of Hartburn. 

William Smoult Temple, presented 20 July, p. m. 
Witton ; vicar of Dalton-le-Dale, Co. Durham ; and 
minor canon of Durham Cathedral. 

James Raine, M. A., principal surrogate of the Con- 
sistory Court of Durham, and librarian of Durham Ca- 
thedral, presented 20 July, 1822, on the cession of 
Temple. The author is indebted to Mr Raine for the 
greater part of the materials for the history of this pa- 
rish, and for the wood-cuts of the seals which .accom- 
pany it, both in this volume, and in part iii. vol. ii. 
pp. 51 and 55 ; besides numerous other valuable con- 
tributions to the work, acknowledged in the prefaces of 
the volumes in which they are inserted. 

PATRONAGE, &c. This living is in the gift of the 
Dean and Chapter of Durham ; valued at 4. 7s. lid. 
in the king's books, is discharged from the payment of 
8s. 9d. yearly tenths, and pays 4s. 4d. episcopal pro- 

THE PARISH REGISTERS begin in 1706, and contain 
the following entry : " Thomas Middleton and Re- 
becca Guy, of Rivergieen, extra parochial, were mar- 
ried at Meldon Chapel, being nighest at hand, 21 Sep. 

The following extracts from them, respecting the fa- 
mily of Coul, four brothers and four sisters, were made 
Nov. 1, 1827, when all of them were living, and their 
united ages amounted to 625 years, and the average 
age of each to 78 : " John Coul, born Dec. 13, 1739, 
and died in Nov. 1827 ; William, born Oct. 9, 1741 ; 
Anne, born Sep. 2, 1744 ; Jane, born May 10, 1749 ; 
Eliz. born April 27, 1751 ; Robert, born May 22, 
1753 ; Joseph, born April 18, 1755 ; Mary, born August 
18, 1759." They had also a brother named James, 
who was born August 13, 1756, but died two days 



Fen wicks, who, by the female line, were the representatives of the Camboe 
family/ by military service, and the payment of 6s. 8d. a year ; but, on the 

* See Evid. 5, c. ; and II. i. 284, 285. 

PRESENTATIONS Morpeth, 7 April, 1556 Mel- 
don . Offic dni contra Rog. Heron gen. p fbrnicac. cu 
Margeria Softlie, &c. Penance enjoined " vest' lineis 
in eccHa sua duobj dieb5 dnicis," but commuted by the 
payment of 20s. to the fabric of the church of Meldon. 
28 Mar. 1599 Meldon . Offic' con. guard There 
church is downe & unslated in default of Roger Heron, 
who hath all the ly ving of the parish in his hands. &c. 

MELDON CHURCH was many years without covering 
or walls, and was rebuilt and repaired by the charity of 
Dr. Thos. Eden (official of the Dean and Chapter of 
Durham), in the year 1736, and is now covered de- 
cently with slate ; " and I myself purchased a decent 
pulpit and reading desk, and a full set of pews, with 
Dr. Eden's money, out of a given-over meeting-house 
in Morpeth. The church-yard is a part of Meldon 
farm ; but still retains its own known bounders." Aug. 
1. GEO. GORDON, curate. (Randaffa MSS. I. 352.; 

CHURCH PLATE. A chalice and paten of silver were 
presented to the church by the present incumbent. 

INSCRIPTION on a grave-stone in the floor of the 
aisle of the church : " Here lyeth the body of Mr 
Arthure Skinner, who was a faithfull frind and sarvant 
of Sir John Swinburne, Bart. Jan. 2?. 1667." The 
arms on the stone are defaced ; but the boar's head of 
the Swinburnes in the crest is still plain. Sir John 
Swinburne resided here in 1667 and 1668, while Cap- 
hcaton Castle was rebuilding. 


the Meldon estate and its appurtenances, under the 
direction of the Governors of Greenwich Hospital, are 
described in the following manner in their Report, in 
1813: " With the exception of Hartburn-grange, and 
Moor-farms, and Lorbottle tithes, which were let in 
1805, the whole of this estate was re-let 5n 1809, and the 
rent increased from =2094 16s. to =4509 14s. A new 
arrangement of the lands at Meldon was made at the 
last letting ; and the farms, which were principally ap- 
propriated to grazing, were converted to tillage, where- 
by the tent was greatly increased. Additional buildings 
of course became necessary on this estate, which, with 
the expence of rebuilding decayed offices, amounted 

(including a thrashing machine to go by water, stipu- 
lated for in the proposal for Meldon-park farm) to 
7400, and the fencing and draining on about 3700 
acres of cultivated land to 4000. The whole of these 
farms are in the highest possible state of cultivation, 
and are considered as models for the imitation of the 
surrounding country. Upwards of 50 acres have been 
planted since the visitation, with oak, ash, beech, elm, 
larch, and fir, all of which are rapidly improving. The 
timber in the ancient woodlands, containing about 140 
acres, has been lately thinned, and is in general in a 
thriving condition, but not any part has yet attained its 
full growth. It is estimated to be worth =5000." 

According to a statement of the " Accounts of the 
Establishment, Estates, Officers, and Management of 
Greenwich Hospital," printed by the House of Com- 
mons in 1822, the sum of =206 14s. was expended in 
repairing, and =198 17s. 8d. in building, in 1819; 
=191 4s. 3d. in repairing, =40 in extending, and =128 
3s. 4d. in building, in 1820; =180 12s. in repairing, 
=185 11s. 5d. in extending, and =284 in building, in 
1821, upon Meldon and other estates, among which are 
included East Thornton and Hartburn-grange estates, 
in the parish of Hartburn, with the rectorial rights 
over the greater part of that parish ; and the farm, 
called the Whitelees, in the parish of Elsden. 

The only antient WATER CORN MILL known to have 
existed upon the Meldon estate, stood at the foot of 
the Temple-bank, a little within the west wall of the 
park, and about 100 yards below the dam or wearhead 
of the present mill, which dam was made for the race of 
a fulling-mill, built on the south side of the water in 
1788, and pulled down when the present excellent and 
sweetly situated mill and farm premises, called Meldon 
Park, were built in 1809. 

MEG, or, as some call her, THE MATD OF MELDON, 
was, according to tradition, a person of considerable 
celebrity in her day as a witch and a miser ; and since 
her death, has continued the subject of many a winter 
evening's ghost tale. That she was Margaret Selby, the 
mother of sir Wm. Fenwick, of Meldon, is I think 
plain from the following circumstances. After her 


death of Thomas Heron, in 1404, one-fourth of it was found to be ho] den 
under the king in chief, by knight's service, and only three-fourths of it under 
Alan de Fenwick ; while, in the time of queen Elizabeth, a jury found that 

death, she used to go and come from Meldon by a sub- 
terraneous coach road to Hartington Hall, which was 
her residence after her husband's death. The entry 
into this underground way at Hartington was by a very 
large whinstone in the Hart, called the battling stone, 
from its being used to beat or battle the lie out of webs 
upon, in the bleaching season. Some years since, in 
repairing Hartington Hall, and removing a thick coat of 
white-wash from the walls of the most westerly room in 
the second story, the stucco work was found to be or- 
namented with family pictures, one of which some old 
persons remembered to have seen before it was covered, 
and said it was always called Meg of Meldon. JLike a 
picture of the same lady, which was at Seaton Delaval 
in 1810, this was habited in a round hat with a large 
brim tied down at each ear, and in a stuff gown turned 
up nearly to the elbows, with a vandyked sleeve of 
linen ; the whole shoulders were covered with a thickly 
gathered ruff or frill. Portraits said to be of her and her 
husband, sir Wm. Fenwick, are preserved at Ford Castle. 
The traditional superstitions of the neighbourhood say 
that, as a retribution for her covetous disposition and 
practice in unearthly arts, her spirit was condemned to 
wander seven years and rest seven years. During the 
season she had to walk her nightly rounds, she was the 
terror of the country from Morpeth to Hartington 
Hall. The places of her most usual resort were those 
in which she had bestowed her hoarded treasure 
places she always abandoned after her pelf was found 
and turned to useful purposes. Many nights of watch- 
ing and penance are said to have been spent over a well 
a little to the south east of Meldon Tower, where she 
had deposited a bull's hide full of gold, which has never 
yet been discovered, though the present unbelieving 
generation can never see the phantom of its departed 
owner performing its vigils over it. Several large for- 
tunes, within the last century, are attributed to the 
discovery of bags of her gold. The most frequent scene 
of her midnight vagaries was about Meldon Bridge, 
along the battlements of which she was often seen run- 
ning in the form of a little dog. But she was Proteus- 
like, and appeared in a thousand forms, lights, and 
colours, flickering over the Wansbeck, or under a fine 

row of beech trees by the river side, in the lane be- 
tween the bridge and Meldon Park. One of her most 
favorite forms was that of a beautiful woman. The 
people of Meldon, however, became so familiarized 
with her appearance, as to say when she passed them, 
" there goes Meg of Meldon." The ceiling of Meldon 
school-house once gave way with the weight of a bag of 
her money, while the master was out at his dinner, and 
the varlets, who were fortunate enough to be in, and 
devouring the contents of their satchels at the time, 
had a rich scramble for it. Another of her haunts was 
in an antienl stone coffin on the site of Newminster 
Abbey, where those who had the gift of seeing ghosts, 
have seen her sitting in a doleful posture for many 
nights together. This coffin was called by the country 
people, the trough of the Maid of Meldon ; and water 
found in it, was a specific in removing warts, and 
curing many inveterate complaints. Such are the fables 
with which the calumny of an ignorant and superstitious 
age aspersed the character and the memory of a person, 
who was probably much more enlightened and virtuous 
than her credulous contemporaries. So bad a name 
may not, however, owe all its origin to the wickedness 
of wondering gossips. If she was, as they say, a pitiless, 
money-getting matron, she could not be a greater curse 
to the poor of her neighbourhood, than vain extrava- 
gant mothers are to their families. The investment of 
her fortune in the moitgage of Meldon, and the hard 
case of young Heron being forced to join in conveying 
the antient seat and lands of his ancestors to her son, 
while they tell no good tale, either for her or the Fen- 
wick family, were circumstances likely enough to cause 
a strong popular feeling in favour of the ousted heir, 
and as strong a hatred to his wealthy oppressors. 

MICHAEL DE MELDON, in 1312, brought his brief 
of Utrum vers un tenant (Year Book, I. 394) ; and 16 
October, 1313, was included in the pardon to the earl 
of Lancaster and his adherents, for the murder of Peter 
de Gaveston. (Rymer i. 23, 231. 2nd Ed.) 

The Author is indebted to Mr Lenox, of Meldon, 
and Mr Wailes, of Meldon Park, for information respect- 
ing this parish, and civilities to himself. 


the whole of it was holden of the crown by the service of one knight's fee as 
of the manor of Mitford. h The escheats, however, with respect to tenure, 
often vary, and both in that and other respects are contradictory. 

The mesne lord of this manor, in 1165, was John Fitz- Simon, who held it 
by the service of one knight's fee. 1 This person often occurs as a witness 
to deeds in the Brinkburn and Plessy charters, and was succeeded in his pos- 
sessions by one of the same name, who is mentioned in the Testa de Nevill 
as holding " Meldon and Prestwic," of Roger Bertram, baron of Mitford, by 
one knight's fee and a half of the old feoffment. John Fitz- Simon also 
gave lands in " Whittingham, Thrownton, and Barton," to the priory of Brink- 
burn ; j and 19 Hen. III., 1235, a fine was levied between John Fitz-Simon, 
as petitioner, and Michael, the son of Michael and Alice his wife, and Con- 
stance and Maud de Flamville, Alice's sisters, as tenants, respecting four caru- 
cates of land in Throwinton, Barton, and Glantedon, two of which were acknow- 
ledged to be the right of the petitioner. 11 From the time of this last John Fitz- 
Simon, I find no mention of the mesne proprietors of this place till 1360, when 
Isabella de Denom paid a fine of 100s. to the crown for a licence to acquire cer- 
tain tenements here, and in Molesden, in the parish of Mitford ;' and, in one 
of the inquests after her death, in 1367, her property here is described as entail- 
ed upon her and her heirs male by her late husband William de Denom, with 
remainder to their daughter Margery, and that it was then in the hands of 
tenants at will. It seems, however, that she left no surviving male issue ; 
but that her estate descended in shares to her four daughters and their chil- 
dren, with whom all connection with the future history of this place seems to 
be broken off, excepting in the feeble link, which conveys the purparty of her 
daughter, Isabella de Riggesby, to sir William and sir John Heron, of Ford, 
before Isabella de Denom's death, in 1367 ; m after which time, it seems cer- 
tain that sir William Heron's son Thomas, and his descendants, continued 
upon it till a mortgage, in the time of James the First, put it into the strong 
gripe of the family of Fenwick, from whom it passed by a co-heiress to the 
Radcliffes, of Dilston, earls of Derwentwater, and from them by forfeiture to 
the crown, by which it was given to the Governors of Greenwich Hospital, 
the present lords of Meldon. 

. h Evid. 7. ' Lib. Nig. 331. J Brink. Cart. fol. 61. 

k Harl. MS. 294, from Brinkb. Cart. fol. 92. > III. ii. 327. m Evid. 5, a, b, c. 




of t&e Horfcs of JttelUom 

See p. 3. 

No. 2. BERTRAM. 

No. 1. BERTRAM. 

No. 4. DKNOM. 

No. 6. HERON. 


No. 7. FINWICI. 


No. 5. DKNOM 


Contributed by the Rev. James Raine, A. M., Rector q/ Meldon. 




1. Robert de Denom, whose son John had a release, Ap. 24, 1315, from John de Cambhou, of a rent of 20s. a year out of=p 

the manor of Whittington. (Evid. 3, a.) 

I 1 1 

2. i. John de Denom occurs as a partyr=Margaret , who re-married to Sybill, to whose son William, his uncle Wm, 

to a fine respecting Ogle, in 1303. (II. John Gernon. (Hart. MS. 224.; son of Robert de Denum, grave all his lands in 
. 388.; He was one of the " men at Denum and Wellington, excepting a rent of 

arms" in Northumberland, whose names were returned into chancery in 1314. 12s. a year, which John de Wallington paid 
(Colt. MS. C. ii.fol. 56.; He died in 1328, seized of lands, &c. in Offerton, to him out of Wallington (Evid. 3, b.) 
Pencher-wood, the Wodehal in West Herrington, half of Coxhow, and Herd- 
wyk near Hesylden, in co. Dur. (Surtees, i. 192. See also Denum notes, beloui.J 

2. William de Denom, brother and heir of John-r-Isabella (See Surt. i. 20.} In 1359, she gave 20 marks to the crown 

for the manors of Cambowes & Slikeburne-west, and for other lands ; (III. 

de Denum, was 60 years old in 1328. (Surt. i. 
192.; In 1338, he held some office under the 
prior of Durham, for which he had a stipend of 
40s. a year, for several years, till 1349, and for 
which many of his receipts are dated at " Cam- 
bus," (Evid. 4; of which ville bishop Beaumont 
gave him a sixth part, besides 30 acres of land 
in Chabington, and lands in Cornhall and Gose- 
wick, in North Durham. (Beg. u. 327, 328.; 
There is an inquest after his death, dated in 
1350, when he was found to have holden one- 
third part of Cambhous and one-half of West- 
Slykburne. (Surt. i. 192.; A person of the 
same name made a considerable figure as a 
statesman and a lawyer, in the beginning of the 
14th century. Wm de Devon (properly Denom) 
and John de Duddon served in parliament for 
Northumberland, in 1306, instead of John de 
Vaux and Roger de Corbet, who were detained 
in the county on account of war. (Palg. Writs, 
i. 172.; In 1312, he occurs as temporal chan- 
cellor to Richard Kellow, bishop of Durham. 
(Hutch. Dur. i. 322, Svo. Ed.) In Oct. 1327, he 
was joined with Henry Percy to negotiate a 
peace with Scotland ; and on Nov. 23, in the 
same year, was on a commission for the same 
purpose. (Rot. Scot. i. 223. ; At the assizes at 
Nottingham, In 1329, and at Derby, in 1330, he 
pleaded for the king under the statute de quo 
waranto, William de Harle, at the same times, 
presiding as one of the judges. (Placita de q. u>. 
133, Ac. 610. See also Harle pedigree, II. i. 239, 
gen. 6.; In March, 1333, he was appointed one 
of the barons of the exchequer ; (III. H. 367; 
in June, in the same year, the king sent him 
on a mission into Yorkshire, to give the com- 
missioners for raising forces in that county the 
benefit of his advice ; (Rot. Scot. i. 245; at New- 
castle, August 2, he was made chief justice of 
Berwick ; and Oct. 20, in consideration of his _ 
being stationed there for some time to transact ~~ 
the legal affairs of the crown, the chamberlain of Berwick had orders to pay him all reasonable expences during his stay, and 
in travelling between that place and York. (Id. 259.) Numerous inquests were holden, at Berwick, before him and Thomas 
de Bamburgh, principally respecting forfeited property (U. 264, 268.) His opinions and reasonings on cases reported in 
the Year Books show, that he was a skilful lawyer and a subtile casuist. 

a. 326.; and, in the following year, she paid 100s. for a licence for acquiring 
certain tenements in MELDON and Molesdon. (Id. 327.; There are two 
inquests after her death ; the first, holden in the castle of Newcastle, 8 Sep. 
1367, states the following particulars, viz. : That she died seized of lands 
and tenements in Meldon to her and her heirs male by her husband Wm de 
Denom ; rem. to her daur. Margery : That her said husband died without 
issue male : that she held Meldon in capite by knight's service . that the 
lands there were in the hands of tenants at will, and yielded a rent of 4 a 
year : that she was also seized in fee of lands in Molesdon, which were par- 
cel of her lands in Meldon, and holden by her in capite, and of her by tenants 
at will, and yielded a rent of 20s. a year : that she held in fee half the manor 
of Riplington, which also was in the hands of tenants at will, and yielded a 
rent of 20s. a year : that she had also in fee, a messuage and 20 acres of land 
in Chopington : that finding herself languishing in the grasp of death, she 
ordered herself to be taken from her manor house at Camboys to the chapel 
there, for the fraudulent purpose of enfeotting sir John de Strivelyn and his 
heirs in that manor, and in lands in West Dichburn and Bedlington, and 
thereby of cheating the king of his issues and profits out of her estates in 
these places to which charge sir John de Strivelyn, personally, at West- 
minster, answered, that the lands which the inquest stated to be in West 
Dichburne, were in West Slikeburn ; and that Isabella de Denom, in her 
lifetime, demised her lands there, and in Chopington & Bedlington, to him, 
and to his son John (who was since dead), for the term of their lives, with 
rem. to Isabella, daur. of Richard Scot, and her issue ; rem. to Agnes de 
Dudden, and her heirs, for ever; and that they the said sir John de Strivelyn 
and his son John let the said possessions to the said Isabella for 40 years, at 
40 a year, which term was the only interest she had in them. (Evid. 6, 
a, b.) The second inquest was also holden in the castle of Newcastle, in the 
following Lent, and stated that she held nothing in capite ; but that she had 
been enfeoffed in the manors of Meldon and Riplington jointly with her 
husband, to them and their issue : that after the death of her husband, she 
enfeoffed Richard Scot in these places, of which she died seized in fee and 
right : that Meldon was holden of Robert Fenwick by knight's service, and 
the payment of 6s. 8d. ; and Riplington, of Thomas of Riplington, by fealty, 
and the service of a penny a year : and that Meldon was worth 4, and 
Riplington 20s. a year : that she died on the Saturday after the feast of the 
Invention of the Holy Cross last past. (Evid. 5, c.) It is plain from the 
Orignalia, that Edw. III. in 1368, put her lands in Chopington, West Sleek- 
burn, and Bedlington, into the custody of John de Strivelyn. (III, it. 331.) 

3. 1. Edmund de Denom. According to the Heron pedigree, Wm Heron purchased lands at Thornton, near Norham, &c. 
in 1346, of Edward, son of Wm de Denom. (Claus. Ep'i Hadf. 2 dors. 2 sch. rot. i. No. 16.) He held the manor of Pespole, of 
which he died seized before 1350. The inquest after his death was in 1353 (Surt. i. 20, 192.) See an engraving of his seal : 

2. e wUHamt e son oMVilHam de Denom, in 1336, had a grant of meadow ground, called Milnfordhaugh, from John de Ogle ; 
and, in 1344, released lands in the same township to Robert de Ogle. (77. i. 387.) 

1. Lucy de De- 2. Margery de Denom 3. Christian 4. Isabella de Denom married Thomas de Riggesby before 1 
nom married married Richard Scot, de Denom was 24 years old in 1350, and occurs as a co-heir of Wm de Denom in 
, SwcastTe,whowas marr. John 1353 and 1359. She died before 1368, without issue .Her husband, by 
living in 1368. (Evid. de Galeway. deed without date, released to Wm de Menville, all their lands and rents 
^f= =p in Pespole, Eden, &c. in coun. Dur. ; (Sur. i. 20, 192) and she, by fine, 

conveyed the' reversion of a fourth part of the manors of Meldon and 
| Riplington to' sir William and sir John Heron. (Evid. 5, c.) 

4. Hugh Gallon, 84 years old in 1. Henry Scot, son and heir, aged 17, 1353; (Evid. b, c.) Robert Galeway was 24 years 

1368 (Evid. 5, c.) Sold a quar- a co-heir of Edmund de Denom. 7^1^ i,, i^fii 

ter of Pespole in 1358. (Surtees, 2. Richard Scot, jun. son and heir of Margery Scot, was 30 a quarter of Pespole in 1^64. 

I, go.) years old in 1368, when he sold a quarter of Pespole. --(Surt. i. 20.) 

sflsabella, dfur^of Richard Scot, and her children, in remainder for West Slikehurn after 
the death of John de Strivelyn and his son John. (Evid. 5, ft.) 

of Newcastle. 




DF.NOM NOTES. Master Adam de Denom, clerk, In the time 
of Henry the Third, was witness to a deed by which Guy 
Darrelns conveyed several parcels of land In Whittonstall to 
William, son of William de Camhowe. clerk ; (L. 223) and 
Master Adam de Denonvis the first witness to a deed, In 1284, 
respecting common of pasture in Capheaton. (///. '. 81.) 
He was probably a law-man ; In fact, his designation, clerk, 
imports that he was a conveyancer. 

Richard de Denom was a witness to a deed, by which Hugh 
de Gosebeck, a descendant of the barons of Bolam, released to 
his sister's husband, Robert de Bespol, all claim he had to 
lands in South Mlddleton. (II. i. 834, gen. 6, # note *.) On 
22 Sept. 1278, he occurs as a manucaptor for John de Bel- 
showe. (Palgraves Writs, i. 215.) 

Edward the Second, In the 17th year of his reign, appoint- 
ed John de Denum warden of the castle of Horeston, and 

High warden, of the king's chase and parks of Duffieldfrith. 
(Abb. Rot. Orig. 17 Ed. 2, Bo. 11.) In 1887, the heir of John 
de Denom enjoyed a rent of 7s. out of a tenement in Berwick, 
which he had obtained by a grant from the crown ; (Id. 492.) 
and, 13 June, 1347, the king issued a mandate to the cham- 
berlain of Berwick to restore to Catharine de Latham, the 
lands in Morthlngton and Longformacus, in Berwickshire, 
which Thomas de Dalton and Margery his wife had granted 
to her, the reversion of which lands, after the death of Agnes 
de Morthington, Edward the Third had granted to John de 
Denom and his heirs, for his good services, and after his death 

descended to his sister and heir the said Margery de Dalton 

(Rot. Scot. i. 698.) John de Denom was constituted warden 
of Berwick, 26 Sep. 1334; (Id. 281) and sheriff of Stirling, 3 
Nov. 1335 (Id. 386.) 

Such is the history of the family of the Denoms, in which Meldon merges 
into darkness and mystery, till it rises again in the famous and powerful 
family of the Herons. 


1. Sir Win Heron, of Ford Castle, chevalier, and sir John Heron, chevalier, had a grant by fine from Isabella de Riggesby,=p 
fourth daw. of William de Denom, of the reversion of the fourth part of the manor of Meldon, which ought to have reverted 
to them and their heirs after her death. 

2. 1. Sir John Heron, 2. Thomas Heron, in an inquest at Newcastle, in 1403,-r 
Of Ford Castle, knt.T= is called Tho. Heron, senior, of Meldon. (Wallis, it. 140.) 
A The inquest after his death is dated 20 Sep. 5 Hen. IV. 
140 t, and sets forth that he died seized in fee tail to 

him and the heirs of his body, of Meldon, with its appurtenances, a qudrter of 
which is holden of the king in capite by knight's service, and three-fourths of 
Alan de Fenwick, by a rent of 6s. 4d., its value being then }0 a year beyond 
reprizes. He also died seized of a quarter part of Denom, and possessions in 
" Walton" (Whalton), " Rofehow" (Rivergreen), Thornton, Fenrother, and 
Tyrtellngton. "(///. U. 264.) ^^ 

3. Roger Heron. 

4. William Heron, the Blind, whose great 
grand-daur. and heiress married sir John 
Heron, of Ford Castle. This sir William 
resided at Simonburne Castle. 

5. Walter Heron, youngest son, married 
Cecilia, da. and heir, of John de Lisle, of 
Chipchase, and became the progenitor of 
the Herons of that place. 

3. Nicholas Heron was proprietor of the tower of Meldon, about the year 1416. (///. . 28.) The record=f= 2. Thos. Heron, 
of the proof of bis age, which is in the tower of London, is much decayed ; but enough of it remains to I jun. supposed to 
prove, that he was son and heir of Thomas Heron, deceased, that he was born at Meldon, baptized in the I be living in 1403. 
church there, and 21 years old on the feast of the conversion of St Paul, 25 Jan. 1407. (Evid. 6.) (SeeGen.2,No.2.) 


4. Thomas Heron, of Meldon. This, and the two following descents, are from a skeleton pedigree, without dates, in=p 
Vincent's Northumberland. (Her. Col. No. 149,/o/io 23.) i 

5. Thomas Heron, o 

6. 1. Roger Heron, 2. Alexander Heron, of Meldon. Was this the Alexander Heron, of Meldon,=pMargery, sister and heir 

died s. p. 

who claimed to be heir to the Ford estates after the death of sir Wm Heron, 
of Ford, 8 July, 1535, aged 59, leaving Elizabeth, his grand-daughter, then 3 

years old, his heir ? which Elizabeth married Thomas Carr, who, after a great feud between him 

and the Herons, eventually succeeded to the estates of his wife's grandfather. Alexander Heron, of 

Meldon, Thomas Fenwick, of Littleharle, and John Dent, of Byker, were enfeoffed as trustees in 

the manor of Stanton, by Margery Fenwick, 5 Aug. 1535. (Stanton Papers.) Alexander Heron, of 

Meldon, esq. is also in a list of the gentlemen of the middle marches, in 1550 ; (///. . 246) was a 

commissioner for inclosures in the same district in 1552. (Border Laws, 332.) In March, 1557, 

Ralph Fenwick, of Stanton, put him, and Gerard Heron, of Rtplington, in trust, for all his manor of Stanton, and other 

lands. (Stanton Papers.) In 1568, he held the ville of Meldon. Heron's Close, with certain lands in Morpeth, Deneham, 

Thropple, and Whalton. (Laws. MS.fol. 17.) He could not write his name, as appears from his making his mark to an 

order taken for fortifying the middle marches in 1560. (Cott. MS. Calig. B. v. 50.) 

of sir Thos. Gray ? She, 
and her other 3 sisters, 
sued their special livery 
out of the king's hands, 
31 Henry 8, 1540. (A 
book of Spec. Liu. in Chap. 
House, Westm.fol. 84.) 

7. 1. Alexander Heron, of Meldon, 5 Feb. 1590, enfeoffed 
sir Wm Fenwick, and others, in Meldon, and in lands in 
Refoe, Riplington, Denum, Whatrton, Temple Thornton, 
Heron's Close, Fenrother, Morpeth, arid Riding, for his 
own use, with remainder to his nephew Alexander (son 
and heir of Roger Heron) and to Margaret Middleton his 
wife, and their heirs male ; rem. to his nephew Robert ; 
rem. to Thomas Heron, uncle of the said Alexander and 
Robert. (Raines MSS.) He died 30 Sep. 1598. 
2. Roger Heron, of Meldon, against whom there were-p 
proceedings in the spiritual court at Durham in 1595. I 
(Koine's Test. 144.) 

3. Thomas Heron, uncle of Alexander and Robert, is the third in 
the entail of Meldon, &c. in 1590. 

1. Isabella, daur. and co-heiress of Alexander Heron, of Meldon, 
first wife of Robert Middleton, esq. of Belsay Castle, who died 
about 1590. 

2. Julian, wife of Anthony Mitford, of Ponteland, esq. whose will 
is dated 18 July, 1572, and inventory Feb. 13, 1572-3 (Raines 
Test. p. 356.) 

8. Cicely, daur. and sister of Alexander Heron, of Meldon, wife of 
Anthony Hedworth, second son of John Hedworth, of Harraton, 
esq. (Surtees's Durham, it. 184; Visit, of Durham in 1575, Phtlipson's 
edition, p. 42.) 



Issue of Roger Heron and 

8. 1. Alexander Heron, son & heir of Roger, and nepli. of Alex. =Margaret Middle! on. 
Heron, who entailed Meldon, 5 Feb. 1590. He died in Newcastle, 

after his death was taken at Morpeth, 26 Sept. 15919, arid found him die seized of the 
manor of Meldon, Heron's Close, near Fenrother, Deneham, half of Riplington, a tene- 
ment in Qwalton, and another in Thornton ; arid that Robert Heron, his brother & heir, 
was then upwards of 23 years of age. (Evid. 7.) 

2. Robert Heron,=f=Catharine 

of Meldon, broth. 

of Alexander Heron, was second 
in the entail of his uncle Alex- 
ander, in 1590. His will is dated 
May 31, 1609, and mentions " my 
loving father Roger Heron." 
(Evid. 9. Seine's Test. 440.) 

9. William Heron, 12 years and 4 months old, Oct. 11, 1609. (Evid. 8; but see Evid. 7, with which this statement, in point of 
time, does not agree.) There was a decree in the Court of Wards and Liveries, in 1 61 1, on the behalf of this Wm Heron airainst 
sir George Selby, knight, Wm Selby, and sir Wm Fenwick, of Wallington, defendants, and another on the same subject in 
1612 ; by which decrees it appears, that Wm Heron's friends contended that the Selbys and Fenwicks held Meldon by fore- 
closure of mortgage, and unjustly. The decrees, however, set forth that Robert Heron, Wm's father, mortgaged his property 
for 860 ; that the Selbys were seized of it in trust for Wm, the second son of sir Wm Fenwick, and for Margaret Selby his 
wife, sister of sir George Selby; and then proceed to settle the equity of redemption at 590, in Thomas Lumsden a gent 
of his majesty's privy chamber, who had purchased the wardship of sir William Heron. This dispute was however finally 
settled in 1622, by Wm Heron being driven to the necessity of joining the Selbys in conveying all right to his antient patri- 

monial fields in Meldon to sir William Fenwick. 

OTHER HERONS or MELDON. Gerard Heron, of Ripling- 
ton, occurs in a list of the gentlemen in the Middle Marches, 
in 1550. fill. H. 247.) Thomas Selby, of Biddleston, esq. 
married Agnes, daur. of Gerard Heron, of Meldon, about the 
year 1584. (Har. MS. 1448, /o/. 25.) 

William Ridley, of Tecket, in the parish of Simonburne, 
married a daughter of Heron of Meldon ; (Calig. B. V, 50) and 

their grandson William Ridley, of Westwood, (near Coastley, 
in Hexhamshire ?) was living, and married to his 2nd wife, 

Anne, daughter of Mark Errington, of Ponteland, in 1615 

(Harl. MS. 1448, fol. 41.) 

Nicholas Heron, of Meldon, married Margaret, daughter of 
Robert Mitford, of Mitford, by Jane, daur. of John Mitford, of 
Seghill. (Wattis, U. 312.) 

PEDIGREE OP PENWICK, OP MELDON.-rSee Part II. Vol. i. page 256.; 
1. Grac, a daur. and=FSir William Fenwick, of Wallington, knt.nr2- Margaret, daur. of Wm Selby, of Newcastle, esq. Her 

co-heiress of sir John I Was knighted at Widdrington, by Jas. I. 
Forstei, of Edderston, 9 April, 1603. By his will, dated 3 Dec. 

will was dated 2 Nov. 1631 ; and an opinion upon an 
extract from it is amongst lord Decies' papers at Bolam. 
(See II. i. 385.) Was this the famous MEG OF MEL- 
DON, noticed above, in the Meldon Miscellanea ? 

knight. I 1612, he gave to his second sort Wm, his 

" lordship of Meldon, Heron's Close, arid the 

Lee-houses; a rent of 40s. a year out of West Whelpington ; the 
parsonage of Hartburn, excepting the tythes of North Mlddleton ; land of the yearly rent of 6s. 8d. in Kirkwhelpington, 
and of the same rent in Gunnerton, to him and his heirs for ever. 


1. Sir John Fenwicke, 1. Isabella, only=F2. Sir William Fenwick,=2. Elizabeth, third 3. Roger Fenwick, 1. Elizabeth, w 
of Walliugton. (See dau. and heiress -*-" ----- - -- " J - - 

//. i. 256, gen. I0.)=r of sir Arthur 

/K Grey, of Spiri- 

dleston, knt. by 

Margaret, daughter of Anthony Bulmer, 
of Thursdale, county of Durham. 

of Meldon, was under age daur. of sir Ed w. of Shortflat, marr. of sir Claudius 
in 1612; was knighted at Radcliff, of Dilston Margaret, daur. of Forster, knt. 
Cavers, In Scotland, by and Spindleston ; sir Wm Blakiston, 2. Dorothy, w. 
James I. in 1616; occurs aged 5, in 1626 :- of Gibside, co. Dur. to Cut lib. lie- 
as of Meldon, in a list of married 2ndly, sir at Whickham, 6 ron, of Chip- 
Northumberland jurors Robert Slingsby, of Feb. 1626. In May, chase, esq 
in 1628. (Sivinb. MSS. Hi. Nowsells, coun. of 1636, udministra- 8. Anne. 
87.) He distinguished himself as a loyalist in the civil wars, for Hertf. by whom tion to the goods of 4. Margaret, 
which, Cromwell's parliament, Nov. 2, (that evil day), in 1652, she had a daughter Rog. Fenwick, late 5. Mary. 
" Resolved that the name of sir Wm Fenwick, of Meldon, knight, Elizabeth, who, as of Shortflat, was 
be inserted into the additional bill for the sale of several lands and well as hermother, granted to Robt. Watson, of Walling- 
estates forfeited to the Commonwealth for Treason." (Jour. H. C. then a widow, was ton, for the use of Margt. Fenwick, 
vij. 652.) But a memorandum in Harl. MS. No. 1372, fol. 7, living in 1668. widow, and of Wm, Roger, Margt. 

shews that he was dead on May 29, in that year ; and the register and Mary Fenwick, their children, 

of St Andrew, Hoi born, has the following entry : " Sir William all under age. (Maine's Test. 228.)^ 

Fenwick, knight, from the further end of Graye's Inn Lane, was 

buried the 31st May, 1652." The sequestration of his property, and the proceedings against him by parliament, probably 
railed him to London, and the tender mercies of Cromwell and his elect being too heavy a burden for him, shortened his 
days. He made no will. A full-length figure, cut in coarse sandstone, and remaining within the altar rails of Meldon 
church, is supposed, but on what authority I know not, to be an effigy of him : it is in plate armour, the head bare, resting 
on the left arm, and the hair long and curled. A portrait of him, in a white vest, playing with a monkey, painted on wood, 
probably by Jameson, was at Ford Castle, in 1813, and called by the people of the place, admiral George Delaval : it wasi 

formerly at Dlssington. (Ra. Spearman's notes.) 

1 I I I I I 

1. MARY FENWICK, eldest daur. and co- heiress, married firstly, 1. WILLIAM FENWICK, of By well, eldest son, was second in 
sir Andrew Young, of Bourne, near Selby, Yorks. knt. who the entail made by his grandmother Margaret Selby, of lands 
died s. p. ; (Harl. MS. 4630, fol. 730) secondly, sir Thomas in Bolam, to which he succeeded on the death of his younger 
Longneville, of Wolverton, co. Bucks, a bart. of Nova Scotia, brother Roger. In his lifetime, he gave Bolam to his son 
by whom she had issue. She was living 7 May, 1656, when a Roger. (Bolam papers.) 

division of Scremeraton was made ; (Deeds penes J. Ellis, Esq. 2. ROGER FENWICK had by his grandmother, Margt. Selby's 
Otterburn Castle} but died before her second husband ; who will, lands at Bolam ; but died without issue, whereupon his 
married 2ndly, Catharine, daughter and co-heiress of judge Bolam property went to his brother William. 
Payton, of Knowlton, in the county of Kent. 8 & 4. MARGARET and MART FENWICK, both under age in, 

S. DOROTHY FENWICK, third daur. and co-heiress of sir Wm May, 1636. 



Continuation of issue of sir Wlllinin Fenwick and Isabella Grey. 

ick, of Meldon, married Edward Moore, of Bankhall, co. Lam-aster, between the year 1662 and 7 May, 1656, when she 
i>e manor of Hallington, Hallington Mill, and the south part of Si-remerston, allotted as her purparty of her father* 


had the mai 

estates. (Cart, penes Ellis, ut Supra.) 

the battle of Melton-Mowbray, in the ing in 1657. In 1663, he was assessed for Meldon, in the county 

year 1644 1 rate > at loO. (///. i. 324. ) 

' i ' I 1 i I i r r i i 

Isabella only daughter and heir, married Edward Radcliffe, second earl or=rLady Mary Tudor, Four other sons and 4 daurs. 

sir John Swinburne, of Capheaton, bart. Derwentwater, eldest son & h; n. d. of king Chas. 

(See under Capheaton, II. i. 233, gen. 15.) married 18 Aug. 1687 ; died 29 
=T= Ap. 1705 ; buried in the chapel 

at Dilston. 

II. ; born 16 Oct. 1673; married 2ndly, Henry 
Graham, of Levens, co. Westm. esq. ; and Sdly, 
James Kooke, esq. whom she survived ; but died 
at Paris, Nov. 5, 1725. 

James Radcliffe, third earl of Derwentwater, &c. ; born 28=Anna Maria, eldest daur. of sir John Webb, of Canford, coun. 
June, 1689; reluctantly engaged in the Rebellion of 1715, for Dorset, bart. Marriage settlements dated 24 June, 1712; died 
which he was beheaded 24 Feb. 1716. His estates were con- 30 Aug. 1723, aged 30 ; buried at Louvaine. (See in II. i. p. 
sequently confiscated ; and, in 1723, advertised in the London 226. Letters 176, c, $c.} Lord Derwentwater, to avoid any 
Gazette, to be sold under authority of an act of parliament ; intercourse with the rebels, in 1715, is said to have privately 
but, ten years after, a committee of the house of commons, withdrawn from his residence at Dilston, and concealed him- 
tindtng that the bargains for them had been nefariously con- self in Mr Bacon's house at Low Staward for sevend days, 
eluded, and never lawfully perfected, government resumed but not long enough to prevent his being enlisted under the 
possession of them ; (Reports of Commons' Committees, i. 35.3, Sfc.) rebel standard ; for, supposing that the storm of the insur- 
and, in 1732, passed " an act for making void the several con- rection had passed southwards, and that all was quiet and 
tracts for the sale of the estate of James, late earl of Derwent- serene at home, he returned to Dilston, where he found seve- 
water, to William Smith, esquire; and also of an annuity of ral of the chevalier's friends, and by their persuasions, and 
200 during the life of Chas. Radcliffe, and the arrears thereof especially by the bitter taunts and reproaches of his wife, for 
to Matthew White, esquire, and the several conveyances made concealing himself, and refusing to support the cause of his 
In pursuance of the same." This act also provided for a new own family, he pledged his word to join them. He could riot 
sale of the premises to be made, by direction of the Court of bear to have his honour arid his courage called in question ; 
Exchequer ; (Stat. 5 Geo. II. p. 887, 415) but, in 1735, " an and, rather than continue the object of a woman's scorn, 
act" was passed " for the application of the rents and profits of madly rushed into an enterprize in which he sacrificed his life 
the estates forfeited by the attainder of Jas. earl of Derwent- and fortune, 
water and Chas. Radcliffe," which vested them " in the com- 
missioners or governours" of Greenwich Hospital, towards completing and building that hospital, and towards " the better 
maintence of the seamen of the said hospital, worn out and decripit in the service of their country." (Stat. 8 Geo. II. p. 
699, 707.) In the rental of lord Derwent water's estates, as published for their snle, in July, 1723, the Meldon, and some 
contiguous property, stands in the following manner: Ralph Wood, Needless-hall, 100 ; Robert Twizle, Whittles and Lee 
Houses, 25 ; Ralph Wood, the Tythe of Hartburn Grange, 55 ; Stephen Tone, Meldon Park, 71 10s. ; John Tone, 54 5s. ; 
Mary Dunn, 54 5s. 

* " The 20th of November, attending at Theobald's, to deliver his majesty a petition, his majesty, in his princely care of me, by means of the 
honourable lord admiral, had, before my coming, bestowed on me, for the supply of my present relief, the making of a knight baronet, which I 
afterwards passed under the broad seal of England for one Francis Ratcliff, of Northumberland, a great recusant (father to the first earl of 
Derwentwater), for which I was to have 700 ; but by reason sir Arnold Herbert (a gentleman pensioner) who brought him to me, played not 
fair play with me, I lost some 30 of my bargain." (Pette'i Diary, 20 Nov. 1619J^J. K, 

MELDON TOWER. I have seen no description of the manor-house of Mel- 
don. In the time of Henry the Sixth it was called the " tower of Meldon," 
and was the property of Nicholas Heron. A tablet preserved in the church, 
and bearing the arms and crest of Fenwick, with a crescent for the second 
son, and the inscription W. F. 1620, probably refers to some additions made 
to this house, when sir William Fenwick removed to it from Hartington. It 
stood at the corner of a hedge about 150 yards south-east of the church, and 
partly in two fields, where there are strong remains of the walls of vaults or 
cellars 60 feet long and 15 wide within. A wide and covered sewer ran from 
it to the north. There are also strong traces of the remains of walls and 
buildings on the top of the hill just south of the site of the church, and west 


of that of the tower, to which last building they probably in a great measure 
served as the barmkin arid offices. No traces of the grove of sycamore trees 
in which it stood are now remaining, excepting a few mouldering stumps ; 
and of the orchards, of which there were appearances till within the last few 
years, not a " rack" 11 is " left behind." 

THE CHURCH of Meldon, which is dedicated to St. John the Evangelist, is 
a humble edifice on the most elevated knoll in the parish, and has suffered 
little in its form by time, accident, or the hand of innovation since it was first 
built, its original walls being still plumb and in good repair. It is an uni- 
form, oblong square, 28 feet by 15 within, the cancellated space for the altar 
table being slightly raised above the level of the floor of the pewed part : the 
font is on a similar platform behind the great door in the west end. The 
chancel door has a coffin-shaped head. The great door on the south has a 
pointed arch way, and has had a baptismal door of similar size and form on 
the north, long since walled up. All the windows have pointed heads, and 
that in the east end of the chancel has had three lights, the stone mullions of 
which were taken away only lately, to admit a window with wooden frames. 
In 1599, the church was ruinous and unslated ; and in the beginning of the 
last century, in the same condition. At present it is covered with free-stone 
slate, but unceiled ; and its bell turret has either never been finished, or has 
lost the usual ball and triangular head of such erections, nothing of it remain- 
ing but the bare stones of its arch. The perpetual advowson of this church 
was given by Roger Bertram, its supposed founder, to Robert Stichhill, 

n Rack, in this famous passage of Shakespeare's Tempest, has been strangely misinterpreted. 
Rann, however, has exercised the same sagacity and happy simplicity over this word that he has 
done over the other parts of the works of the Great Dramatist which he has edited. He interprets 
it track, vestige; and quotes Timon of Athens Act 1, sc. 1, " Leaving no tract behind." 
My MS. provincial glossary furnished Mr Brocket! with a similar illustration ; and in addition to 
what is there stated I may add, that, when I was a boy in Westmorland, we called any scratches 
on windows or tables, ranks ; the furrows made by the wheels of carriages, cart-racks ; and the 
ways from each house or hamlet out of the dales to the peat grounds and sheep-walks on the fells, 
rakes, a sense in which that word is found in the Border Survey in 1542, " Upon the said 
Elterburne we did p'ceyve and see two brode waies or rakes comonly used, occupied, and wome 
w 01 cattal broughte out of Scotland, &c." (III. ii. 177.) The keelmen on the Tyne also call the 
different straight lines in the course of that river, racks; as the Bill-rack ; the Hebburn-rack ; 
which modern refinement has corrupted into reaches. 

See Meld. Misc. under Presentments. 


bishop of Durham, and to his successors, together with one toft, a croft, and 
their appurtenances, in " Molestone," which adjoined the ground of sir Wm. 
Daubenis, besides an acre of his demain land on the east side of the same 
village, and in the culture called " Banrige ;"" for which grant he, and his 
ancestors, and heirs were to enjoy the perpetual participation of the prayers, 
" beneficia," and alms, which the bishop, his successors, and brethren should 
make in the church of Durham." The Hundred Rolls also notice that Roger 
Bertram sold to the parson of Meldon two acres of arable ground and one 
toft in Molesden. q On the 2.3rd of March, 1277, Robert de Lisle, Stichhill's 
successor in the see of Durham, gave to the monks there the advowson of this 
church, and the before-mentioned lands in " Mollesdone," in exchange for 
their turn of presentation to the church of Wald-Newton in the diocese of 
Lincoln/ After this, namely on the 23rd Dec. 1310, much jangling and 
dispute having arisen between the rector of Mitford and the incumbent of 
Meldon, or perhaps more properly between the priories of Durham and 
Lanercost, whether or not this foundation was a chapel to Mitford church,* 
the prior and convent of Lanercost, as patrons of Mitford, recognized Meldon 
to be a parochial mother church, to have its own certain and proper metes 
and bounds, right of tithes, and all other evidences of a mother church, to be 
in no way subject to the church of Mitford, and that the prior and convent 
of Durham were the true patrons of it ; and two days after this recognition, 
they entered into a bond to pay to the monks of Durham 200, under the 
name of damages and costs, within two months after they, the said prior and 
convent of Lanercost, were in peaceful possession of the church of Mitford ; 
and 200 more as a subsidy to the crusades. 1 In pope Nicholas* tax- 
ation in 1291, it is valued at 6 Os. 9d. a year; and in 1317, is returned as 
of no value, being like the other churches in the arch-deaconry " penitus 
exilia T: destructa." In the same year, an inquest on the right of patronage 
to it, and on other matters respecting it, was taken under the oaths of thir- 
teen clergymen of the arch-deaconry, when it was again found that the prior 
and convent of Durham were its true patrons, that its usual annual value was 
6 13s. 4d., and that it was not pensionary, nor was there any dispute exist- 
ing respecting it. u The prior and convent of Durham, as appears by the 

PJIL ii. 49, 51. 1 1TT. i. 116. ' III. ii. 51, 53. s Evid. 12. 

4 III. ii. 53, 56. Evid. 13. 


bursar's rolls of their house, paid the expence of holding this inquest, pro- 
bably for the express purpose of having the record of its proceedings regis- 
tered, so that in case of future altercation on the subject, they could show that 
the patronage of this church was indisputably vested in them. Cromwell's 
parliamentary survey, now at Lambeth, describes it in the following man- 
ner : " The towne of Meldon, being an entire parsonage of itselfe, worth 
thirteene pounds six shillings and eight pence per annum, and a little hamlet 
called Rivergreene, may fitly be united to the said parish of Mitford for 
augmentation of the allowance." This living has been augmented by a bene- 
faction of 200 given by the dean and chapter of Durham in 1743, and by 
200 awarded to it by the governors of queen Anne's bounty, with which 
sums about 37 acres of land were purchased at Snitter and Sandilands in the 
parish of Rothbury. In 1822, lord Crewe's trustees gave to it a benefaction 
of 200, which procured 300 from queen Anne's bounty and the par- 
liamentary grants ; this sum of 500 has not yet been laid out in lands. 
Besides which sources of revenue, the rectors of this place had for nearly two 
centuries been in the receipt of an annual payment of 13 6s. 8d. called a 
prescribed rent, due half-yearly at Martinmas and Pentecost, and of 8s. 9yd. 
a year due for tenths, which sums were paid by the lords of the manor as a 
sort of moduses in lieu of all the tithes of the parish ; v but Mr Raine, 
the present incumbent, having met with a mass of evidence collected by 
Mr Charles Pye, who became rector here in 1695, and other authentic docu- 
ments, which showed that the payment of 13 6s. 8d. was a mere modern 
composition, referred his case to the governors of Greenwich Hospital, who 
being assured by their legal advisers, Sir James Scarlett, Mr Roupel, and 

Dr that Mr Raine's claims were fully made out, conceded to him 

the right of tilhe on all produce annually growing and accruing throughout 
their estates in the parish. 

RIVERGREEN, antiently called REVEHO w, that is, the Bailiff 'or Steward's 
Hill is a district in the enjoyment of extra-parochial privileges; and is 
bounded by the Wansbeck on the north, by the parish of Mitford on the east, 

T Papers penes J. Ellis, Esq., Otterburn Castle. 

* Ire-j\ej:a hou, means the ruler's hill, in which sense the word reeve is still in use in such words 
as sheriff, i. e. shire-reeve, borough-reeve, &c. When this place was first built upon by the 
barons of Mitford, it was probably made the residence of their steward. 



Whaltori on the south, and Meldon on the west. It contains by estimation 
about four hundred and sixty acres ; and, in 1821, its population consisted of 
about ten families arid fifty-one persons, inhabiting eight houses. It has a 
water-mill upon it on the Wansbeck, and was formerly divided into two 
farms, which are now occupied by one tenant. In 1740, " a very good 
earthenware manufactory, the best in the north," was advertized to be let 
here ; x and, two years after, Matthew White, esq., of Blagdon, advertized 
two farms of land at Rivergreen, with lime and coal y upon them. z 

The ancient history of this interesting and retired spot is involved in con- 
siderable obscurity. Walter de Cambo, in 1277, had a grant of free warren 
in Revehow, of which privilege he was in the enjoyment in 1294. a Sir Robert 
de Herle, who died in 38 Edw. III. 1364, had lands and tenements " in 
Botteland and Revehow." b In 1404, ' Thomas Heron died, seized of it, Mel- 
don, and other possessions; and his successor, Alexander Heron, in 1590, 
entailed it and other property upon his nephew, Alex. Heron and others, as 
is shown in the Heron pedigree under Meldon. All these notices, and 
especially the decision of the jury that Walter de Cambo had exercised free 
warren here from 1277 to 1294 give to Rivergreen the features of a lay pos- 
session. Other accounts, however, reckon it among the possessions of the 
priory of Brinkburn, of which it is said to have been holden by the annual 
payment of a pair of gloves. Its name certainly does not occur in any early 

x Newcastle Courant, 16th Feb. 1740. 

> On the Meldon ground, and close upon the Rivergreen boundary, is a house, called the 
Clay-house, where considerable quantities of stratified blue clay were, within the last forty years, 
worked and sent to Gateshead for glass-house pg.ts. The limestone stratum here is about four feet 
thick, and may be seen in an old quarry near the Meldon boundary, and halfway between Riyergreen- 
hall and the Wansbeck. Some think that this is the same stratum as the one at Angerton, and 
on the banks of the Wansbeck, in Meldon Park. A similar stratum also appears in the bed 
of the Hart, between Angerton Broom-houses and Temple Thornton. The coal works are sup- 
posed to have been in the banks to the west of the mill. The clay for the Pottery was certainly 
mined there, and the kilns of the manufactory were on the knoll on which the garden-house stands. 
The garden itself was one of the first nursery grounds in the north, and was occupied by one 
Walter Turnbull. The limestone bed, which has been worked in the banks between the mill and 
the garden-house, passes into the Molesden boundary, where it has also been worked, and then 
crosses the Wansbeck a little below the mill. 

2 Newcastle Courant, 4th Jan. 1746. 
Meldon Evid. No. 1 ; and III. i. 166. b II, i. 240 ; III. i. 82. 


list of the lands of that house which I have seen, not even in the register of 
Brinkburn at Stowe ; but it is the only township within the circuit of the 
barony of Mitford, which is not clearly accounted for, as either belonging to 
the Bertrams of that place, or to some ecclesiastical institution prior to the 
year 1240. Was it not a possession of the Knights Hospitallers, and does it 
not occur in the erroneous form of Roshon, for Rofhou or Refhou, in the 
Northumberland list of the places belonging to that highly privileged order, 
in the quo warranto pleadings at Newcastle, in 1294 ? d The situation of 
Roshon there, between Whalton and Mitford, points out its identity with 
Rivergreen ; and the extra-parochial privileges of this place, and the omission 
of its name in the possessions of Roger Bertram, in 1240, are indications of 
an antient elemosinary tenure. Might not the right, which the prior of 
Brinkburn claimed here, be some interest delegated to him by the knights 
of Malta 1 It is certain that a grant in the Court of Exchequer, 27th 
June, 25 Eliz., conveyed to Ralph Delaval lands and a water-mill at Reve- 
hou, in Meldon, late possessions of the dissolved monastery of Brinkburn, 
which lands had been clandestinely holden by Alexander Heron. The 
annual rent of the lands to the queen was 26s. 8d. and of the mill 13s. 4d. 
The Heron clan resisted Delaval's entry by force of arms, and beat off 
the sheriff in a regular battle ; in consequence of which, a decree was 
issued out of the Court of Exchequer, the main purport of which was 
to order the delinquents to be brought up, for opposing the royal man- 
date. After this, Ralph Delaval conveyed his property here to his brother 
Joshua, who resided upon it, and by his will proved 28th Sept. 1614/ left it, 
subject to certain incumbrances, to his " grandchild Robert and his heirs for 
ever, upon condition that he made no claim to the tithes of Bolam," which 
were purchased in his name, but for his said grandfather's use. In 1663, it 
belonged to Mr William Wallis, of Newcastle, who was a mercer and mer- 

C III. i. 207. d HI. i. 130. 

e Records in the Auditor of Land Rev. Office, Lon. vol. 6. fol. 99, and Martin's Index, " Com. 
ad supervidend. terr. voc. Revehowe parcel, nuper dissolut. monaster. de Brenckborne. P. 28. 
Eliz. Book of Commissions." The 20th vol. of the Aud. of Land Rev. Office Records, at fol. 94, 
also contained the record of some transaction respecting the parish of Meldon, but is missing. 

f The inventory to his goods, &c. was made by Gavven Aynsley, of Aynsley, gent., and others ; 
and mentions " fower score gotes with sixtene kids prised to 13 6s. 8d." 


chant adventurer, and died 23rd Sept. 1664. From him it went by will to 
his posthumous son William, who died llth Jan. 1689, aged 23, having pre- 
viously entailed Rivergreen upon his nephew Robert, son of Robert Lisle, of 
Hazon, by Elizabeth, sister of the second William Wallis. g Robert Lisle, by 
will dated in 1722, left all his lands unnamed to his brother Thomas. In 
1746, this place, on account of his advertizing it to be let to farm, would 
appear to have belonged to Matthew White, of Blagdon, esquire ; and at 
present is the property of his grandson and successor Sir Matthew White 
Ridley, of Blagdon, baronet. The mansion-house here, which was for several 
years, in the last century, the residence of Thomas Middleton, esq., is now 
occupied by the person who farms the whole estate, excepting the mill and 
garden-house, and is a building in the style of the 17th century. It stands on 
the side of the woody lane which leads from Meldon to Molesden. A farm 
house, to the south of it, and belonging to the estate, is called Penny-hill. 
Some accounts say, that the whole estate belonged to Mr Middleton, who 
sold it under singular but advantageous covenants to the Whites. The mill 
is on a sequestered haugh, about a mile to the north-east of the house, and 
has near it the old cottage of Rivergreen Pottery, now called the Garden- 
house^ which stands in a fine old orchard, and is occupied by the wood- 
man of the estate. This is one of the lovely and lonely spots with 
which the sides of the Wansbeck abound. The mill, the river, the flowery 
haugh, the old orchard and its cosey and sheltered cottage and all these 
girt around with shaggy and wooded banks, and enlivened with the miller 
and the woodman's families, form a panorama, which wants nothing but some 
such picturesque accompaniments, as it once had in its patriarch Joshua 
Delaval, and his four score goats and sixteen kids, to make it a subject, by 
the magic of some master's hand, worthy of blooming on canvas through the 
live-long year, 

Notes from Wills, by Raine. 

* * 


MITFORD parish is bounded on the east by the chapelry of Hebburn and 
the parish of Morpeth, on the south by Morpeth and Whalton, on the west 
by Rivergreen, Meldon, and Hartburn, and on the north by Longhorsley. It 
consists of two townships, namely, Edington and Molesden in the west division 
of Castle ward, and on the south side of the Wansbeck ; and of nine townships 
in the west division of Morpeth ward, namely, Mitford, Newton, Throphill, and 
Nunriding, which lie between the Wansbeck and the Font ; and of Spittlehill, 
Newton Park, Pigdon, Benridge, and High and Low Aighlaws, with the two 
Espleys, all on the north side of the Font and Wansbeck. The whole parish 
contains 9,426 acres, of which 528 are occupied by woods ; h and, in 1821, 
had 128 inhabited houses, 154 families, and 625 persons, of whom 107 fami- 
lies were employed in husbandry. In 1815, it was assessed to the property tax 
upon an annual rental of 11,034. The scenery along the well- wooded banks 
of the two rivers that traverse it, and meet at Mitford, is rich, diversified, and 
beautiful. On the grounds of Mitford, Newton-under-wood, and Throphill, 
much of the soil is a productive loam, on deep, dry, diluvial gravel, and 
adapted to the turnip system. The rest, with the exception of plots of hay 
and grazing ground about the villages and farm houses, consists chiefly of a 
strong clayey soil employed in the growth of wheat and oats. A bed of lime- 
stone crosses the Wansbeck just below Rivergreen mill, and is probably a 
continuation of the stratum which affords the calcareous deposit that converts 
the gravel into conglomerate, and incrusts the mouths of the springs with tufa, 
in the Spittlehill banks : a similar, if not the same bed, crosses the Font a 
little above Newton Park. Coal mines were worked in this parish about 50 
or 60 years since, at Nunriding, Newton-park, 1 and Coldside ; and since that 
time other trials for pits have been made in Highlaws and Coldside ; but all 
the coal that has been found is of such indifferent quality as not to re-pay the 
expence of working it. The woollen manufactory, some years ago commenced 
and carried on at Mitford, under the firm of " Bookers, Monkhouse, and Co." 
was unsuccessful, and has been discontinued. The antient water-corn-mill 


h From the information of Mr William Brewis, of Throphill, to whom the author is indebted for 
other useful communications respecting this parish. 

> About sixty years since, a man was eight days shut up in a coal-pit, in Newton- West-Bank, 
opposite Ravensheugh. He had nothing but a little water, which he collected in his shoe, to sub- 
sist on. Though faint when dug out, he soon recovered, and lived many years after. 



at Mitford is in ruins ; and the only mills of that description, now in the 
parish, are, a water-mill at Newton-under-Wood, and a wind-mill at Eding- 
ton. This parish has no work-house, endowed school, or public charity be- 
longing to it. 


Is in the form of a cross, and altogether 109 feet long. The nave, which is 
in bad repair, is of Norman architecture, measures 57 feet by 19 feet 9 
inches, and has had an aisle on its south side, the middle wall of which has 
been supported by heavy pillars and plain semi-circular arches. The space 
between one of these arches is now walled up, and part of another to the west 
of the porch, shows that the nave had formerly extended further in that di- 
rection than it does at present. Indeed, in digging into the rubbish on its 
outside, evidences are found in burnt stones and pieces of charred wood, to 
prove that it suffered by fire probably in some assault on the neighbouring 
castle, and when the poverty of the parishioners, occasioned by the plunder 
and devastation committed upon their lands, compelled them to contract the 
original extent of their church, and to supply its tower with its present turret for 
two small bells. The transepts from north to south, across the nave, measure 

EtrJied ly> CaftJtitffrJ 


56.f feet : that on the south has been a chapel, and has a sink stone in its south 
wall : the opposite one, which is used as a vestry, has its short Norman columns 
remaining, but its arch-way walled up. The chancel is in the early English 
style, excepting the southern door- way, which is round-headed and ornament- 
ed with rude zig-zag. It and a spacious vestry, which has once been behind 
it, but is now wholly removed, were probably built after the priors of Laner- 
cost became rectors of this parish. The chancel itself is 52 feet long by 19 
feet . inches broad : has six windows on the south, three on the east, and 
one opposite to the altar on the north, all lancet-headed, of single lights, and 
commencing at a string eight feet from the ground. The south wall is 
strengthened with a buttress between each window, and in the inside has three 
pointed niches in it, and a large basin for the altar drain. In the north wall 
is a monument in sandstone, which contains, within an inlaid panel, a shield 
quartering arms, so rudely, and to me unscientifically done, that I dare not 
venture to say to what families they belong. By the pedigree of Reveley, 
under Throphill, it will be seen, that the bearings of Reveley and Wentworth 
ought to form a part of the emblazoning. Below the arms is the following 
inscription prosaically arranged in twelve lines, Bertram and Reueley y being 
the first words of the two last : 







( Wallis, ii. 3<25.) 

Immediately below the tablet is a full-length recumbent figure of Bertram 
indifferently carved in sandstone, and resting on an altar tomb, "his hands 
are lifted up in a praying posture," and on the bevel of the slab on which 
the effigy is cut, the following inscription occupies two lines : ' BARTRAM 



deserts are here so affectionately recorded, but whose family is so obscurely 
pointed out, was a Reveley, of Throphill, whose Christian name was Bertram. 
He was born at Elmedon, near Sedgefield, an estate of the Bulmers ; and had 
his Christian name from his uncle, " the gay and gallant" sir Bertram Buhner. 
Near this tomb of Bertram, on the chancel floor, is the following inscrip- 


BURIED Y E 11 TH ANNO DOMINI 1721." This church continued a rectory in the 
advowson of the.3ertram family till Roger Bertram the Third, in 1264, 
under the name of " Bertram, of Myteford" granted in fee to Adam of Gese- 
mouth, the ville of Benrig and a toft and an acre of ground in Mitford, 
together with the advowson of the church of Mitford. J In 1291, it was as- 
sessed in the " verus valor" for tenths to Edward the First upon the annual 
value of 42 Is. 8d. ; k but, in 1307, the right of presentation to it belonged 
to the crown ; and, on the 17th of May in that year, the king granted the 
advowson and appropriation of it, and of the church of Carlaton, in Cumber- 
land, to the priory of Lanercost, and an extract by Dodsworth from the char- 
tulary of that convent shows that Anthony de Bee, bishop of Durham, so far 
as related to Mitford, perfected Edward's grant, by a deed of appropriation 
dated in the same year. Several documents are extant respecting this trans- 
action, 1 which state as 'the king's reasons for conferring this boon upon 

... . . * 

J III. ii. 260. k III. i. 349. 

1 Extracts from these records, and several other documents and notices, are given in the following 


1. Papae lex devota pedum oscula beatorum . Pater 
sancte, &c. Cum itaque prioratus de Lanercost Car- 
liolensis diocesis, juxta confinia terrae nostrae Scotiae 
situs per combustionem domorum, ac depraedationem 
bonorum ejusdem prioratus per Scotos, &c. inhumaniter 
perpetratas, depauperatus existat plurimum & vasta- 
tus: Nosque paupertati dilectorum nobis in Christo, 
prioris & canonicorum prioratus praedicti, piis compati- 
entes affectibus, ob specialem devotionem, quam ad be- 
atam Mariam Magdalenae, in cujus honore illud coenobi- 

um est fundatum, gerimus & habemus : necnon t prop- 
ter diutinam moram nostram, quam nuper in eodem 
fecimus prioratu, dum adversa corporis valitudine pre- 
mebamur, dederimus eisdem priori 1 canonicis advoca- 
tiones ecclesiarum de Mitford 1 de Carlaton Dunelfh 
et Karliol dioces que ad nostro sunt patronatu, volentes 
1 concedentes, quantum in nobis est, quod ipsi ad rele- 
vationem status sui, easdem ecclesias, cedentibus aut 
decedantibus rectoribus earumdem, canonice asequi va- 
leant, in usus prioprios possidendas ; sanctitati vestrae 
devotis precibus suplicamus, &c. quod ipsi praedictas 


Lanercost, the losses that house had sustained by the hostile incursions of the 
Scotch ; the special devotion he bore to the Blessed Mary Magdalene, to 
whom the convent was dedicated, and the long time he had sojourned with 

ecclesias, &c. in proprios usus tenere valeant t habere 
&e. Dat. apud Karliolum 17 die Martij (Rymer ii, 

2. Venerabili in Christo patri domino P. titulo sanc- 
tae Priscae Presbytero Cardinal], et sanctae Romanae ec- 
clesiae vice-cancellario, amico suo charissimo . Edwardus, 
&c. salutem et sincerae dilectionis affectum . Cum pri- 
oratus de Lanrecost Karliolensis dioc. situs juxta con- 
finia terra? nostrae Scotiae, per combustionem domorum 
et depnedationem ejusdem prioratus, per quosdam Sco- 
tos inimicos et rebelles nostros, fines regni nostri dudum 
hostiliter invadentes inhumaniter perpetratas, depauper- 
atus existat plurimum 't vastatus ; nosque paupertati 
dilectorum, &c. [ut supra] paternitatem vestram aft'ec- 
tuose requirimus et rogamus, quatenus ut dominus sum- 
mus pontifex, cui super hoc nostras literas deprecatorias 
duximus dirigendas, praefatis priori et canonicis conce- 
dere velit in usus proprios ecclesias memoratas, cum eas 
vacare contigerit, sibi et successoribus suis imperpetuum 
possidendas, opem et operam velitis nostrorum inter- 
ventu rogaminum apponere efficaces . Vobis enim ex- 
inde specialius teneri volumus, ad ea quae vobis grata 
fuerint et accepta . Datum apud Karliolum 17 die 
Martij." (Prynne's Edw. I. p. 1159.; 

3. Rex, omnibus, &c. salutem. Sciatis quod ob de- 
votionem specialem quam erga beatam Mariam Magda- 
lense gerimus & habemus necnon t ad relevationem 
status prioratus de Lanercost, qui in honorem ejusdem 
sanctae in Marchia regni nostri Angliae 1 terrae nostrae 
Scotiae fundatus existit 1 qui per combustionem domo- 
rum 1 depredationem bonorum ejusdem prioratus per 
Scotos nuper inimicos t rebelles nostros, ac etiam per 
diutinam moram quam in prioratu praedicto, nuper feci- 
mus dum adversa corporis valetudine detinebamur de- 
pauperatus est multipliciter & depressus, dedimus et 
concessimus dilectis nobis in christo priori 1 conventui 
prioratus praedicti, advocationes ecclesiarum de Mitford 
in comitatu Northumbriae 1 de Carlaton in comitatu 
Cumbriae, quae sunt de patronatu nostro, habend, &c. 
Et concessimus etiam pro nobis et heredibus nostris 
quod ipsi ecclesias illas sibi et successoribus suis in pro- 
prios usus imperpetuum possidendas, appropriare et eas 

sic appropriatas tenere possint, &c. Teste rege apud 
Karliolum 17 die Marcij. (Prynne's Edw. I. p. 1192.; 
signment of stipend to the vicar of Mitford, occurs in a 
composition between him and the prior of Lanercost, 
and is entered into the register of bishop Fox, in 1499. 
After the parties agree that the vicar in future should 
be paid 25 marks a year out of the revenues of the rec. 
tory, that sum is decreed to him, and then the docu- 
ment proceeds to fix the remainder of his stipend : 
" Mitford . Vicariae ordinaco p Witt Ebo"? archiepm, 
sede epali Dunelm. vacante." " Ordinamus insuper qd 
vicarius qi iEm pro tempoie f8it mansu illud in villa de 
Mydfurd ppe dcam ecch'am in solo ejusdem ex pte ori- 
entali constructum habeat ad inhitand que mansu inte- 
graliter una cum duodeci acris terre arabilis in campis 
de Aldworthe et toto prato de Harestane infra parochia 
dicte ecch'e ad eand eccliam ptinentibj, una cum coeme- 
terio eccfie pMicte, annexe eid vicario et vicarijs, qui 
pro tempore fuerint, tenore presentium assignavimus, 
Ic. Datum octavo Id Maij, 1311, 1 pontificatus mi 
sexto." (Fol. 31.; 

TEBKIER. " Anno D'ni. 1663. A true and perfect 
terrier of the glebe land belonging to the Vicaridge of 
Mitford as followeth : IMPRIMIS one vicaridge house 
in Midford with a stable adjoining vnto it and a garden. 
^[ One close or parcell of moorish ground called the 
Gudgeon close containing by estimation three acres 
of the yearly value of six shillings boundered on all 
sides with the lands of the right honbie Charles Lord 
Howard, Earle of Carlisle. ^[ One parcel of meadow 
ground called the Priest's Poole of about one acre of 
the yearly value of five shillings boundered on all sides 
with the lands of Mr Robert Mitford of Mitford. 
SON, Churchwardens." 

Extracts from minutes of PAROCHIAL VISITATIONS 
respecting Mitford church. 1723. It is called a vicar- 
age, and valued at 10 6s. 8d. in the king's books : va- 
.ued upon oath, before the bishop's commissioners, in 
1719, at 25. The impropriation, according to Dr Ba- 
zire'a paper, was worth 801. The impropriation, now 


them in a bad state of health. Edward came into the north in 1306, by 
Durham, was at Lanchester on the 10th m , and at Corbridge on the 14th of 
August ; n at Newbrough, in Tindale, on the 28th of the same month, and on 

m Prynne's Edw. I. 1161. 

worth 3201. a year, and 161. 13s. 4d. paid the " curate" 
by the impropriator. (Dr Thomas Sharp.). Visited 
Sep. 19, 1723. Among the minutes of orders executed, 
are the following : 1724. The south porch, belonging 
to Robert Mitford, esq. is flagged. 1725. The bell to 
be hung up for public use. The Pigdon porch to be 
flagged, and the seats to be repaired in it : Mr John 
Milbank, of Thorp, in Yorkshire, wrote me word that 
he would order his tenant to do every thing that was 
incumbent upon him in the said porch. This porch was 
well repaired, new roofed and flagged, and the seats in 
it were put into very good order. (Id.) 

** 1758. George Gordon vicar the oldest clergy- 
man, I believe, in the diocese, being above 87 years 
old. Mr Nisbet, the curate of Howick, is nearly of the 
same age ; and both of them are able to perform all 
parochial duties." (Archd. Robinson.) " 1760. The 
profits of the vicarage arise thus : From the impropri- 
ators, Greenwich Hospital, 161. 13s. 4d.; a field let for 
91. or 101. : the hay of two other fields 21. or 21. 15s. : 
surplice fees about 41. : by a benefaction of 1001. from 
the bishop, 501. more raised by his lordship's solicita- 
tion with lord Crewe's trustees, and 501. ' subscribed by 
other persons, queen Anne's bounty is procured,' and 
laid out in land in Knaresdale, consisting of about 27 
acres, worth 141. a year." (Id.) Visited Jan. 16, 
1764. The passage into the north aisle flagged, and 
the aisle itself re-plastered and white-washed. The old 
bell to be hung directly, if it can be done ; if not, must 
be new cast. Visited again Jan. 4, 1765. I recom- 
mended to the parishioners to make an arch over the 
entrance into the north porch, instead of repairing the 
old beams. " Mr Nelson made a collection through 
the county of Northumberland towards re-building the 
vicarage-house at Mitford, and raised about 951. ; and 
has now, in 1764, built a very good vicarage-house, 
which it is computed will cost about 2001. before it be 
finished." (Dr John Sharpe.) 

June 3, 1826. The vicar's income arises as follows : 
Fixed payment from the impropriators 161.3s. 4d. ; a 
small estate in Knaresdale 251. ; glebe 201. ; and 13001. 

" Rymer, ii. 1017. 

in the hands of queen Anne's bounty, and producing at 
4 per cent. 521. a year, which 13001. was made up of 
8001. parliamentary grant, 2001. from lord Crewe's cha- 
rity, and 3001. from the queen's bounty. The surplice 
fees are about 3h The parsonage is very neat ; the 
glebe of 1 1 acres good and well ascertained ; the church 
yard, which is the vicar's, is fenced by the parish. The 
sittings in the church 1 50 ; but from the size of the 
building might be easily increased. They know of no 
benefactions. There are two bells, one of them bad. 
A silver cup, marked Mitford parish, 1699. The clerk 
has 6d. a plough and 3d. a house, an allowance from 
the church rate, and fees accustomed. There are four 
churchwardens, one appointed by the vicar. The pre- 
sent rental of the whole parish (excepting the ecclesias- 
tical property), at one penny in the pound, produces 
161. There is no place of dissenting worship in the pa- 
rish. A stable in the church-yard was built for the use 
of the parishioners resorting to the church, which is ve- 
nerable and spacious, but the roof of the chancel has 
had its leaden covering exchanged for one of grey free- 
stone slate, and is steep and decaying : it is also unceil- 
ed within. The south porch, belonging to the Mit- 
fords, of Mitford, is also in a bad condition. I pressed 
for an immediate reparation, cleansing, and ceiling, 
where necessary. The situation of the church and par- 
sonage is delightful. (Archd. Singleton's Visit. Book.) 

RECTOBS OF MITFORD. Richard and John, parsons 
of Mitford, stand as witnesses with Philip of Poictiers, 
bishop of Durham, who died in 1 208, to a deed in the 
Brinkburn Chartulary. (Fol. 30.) Richard, parson of 
Mitford, and John his brother, were also witnesses to a 
grant of lands in Upper Felton to Brinkburn, by Wm 
Bertram, who died about the year 1 1 99 (Fol. 22) ; 
and Richard, parson of Mitford, and John his brother 
of Eland, were witnesses to the same William's con- 
firmation of grants made by his grandfather William, 
and his father Roger, to the same house (Id.fol. 3.J 

Peter, parson of Mitford, occurs in the time of Henry 
the Third (Randal) ; and Peter the priest, son of John, 
formerly parson of Mitford, sold to the abbey of New- 



the 4th of September ; at Bradley, on the Roman Wall, on the 6th and 
7th ; p at " Hautwysel" on the llth, and at Thirlwall on the 20th of Septem- 
ber ; and continued to date and test various documents at Lanercost, from 

Prynne's Edw. I. 1161. Rymer, ii. 1019. 

Rymer, ii. 1020, 1021. 

minster the Grange of Aldworth, which bargain was 
confirmed by Roger Bertram the Third. (Dug. Mon. 
2 ed. vol. v. p. 400.,) 

Steven d'Ever, alias Evry, rector of the church of 
Mitford, by the consent of the bishop of Durham, ex- 
changed certain tithes with the abbot and convent of 
Newminster, for a parcel of land called The Harestones, 
which land the abbot and convent had of the gift of 
Nicholas, ihe son of Matthew de Mitford. (Newminster 
Chart, fol. 20, communicated to the author by Lord Redes- 

Stephanus de Bella ( Randal. ) Stephen, rector of 
Mitford, was witness to a deed respecting Plessy when 
Wyschard de Charrun was sheriff of this county in 
1266 and 126?. (III. ii. 75.; 

Robert de Lessette, in a deed in 1310, is called late 
rector of Mitford ( III. ii. 54.; 

VICARS. Nicholas de Massam, 1311, p. m. Lessette. 

Gilbert de Barton, 1345. Vicar of Hartburn in 1326. 

Hugh Hog, 1353, after the resignation of Barton. 

John of Bernard Castle, 1355, after the resignation of 
Hog. Vicar of Edlingham in ISC", and of Kirknew- 
ton in 1366. 

William of Arthuret, 1356, after resignation of John 
de Castro Bernardi. 

Thomas de Qwham, 1376. 

David de Hoivick, 1400, after the death of Qwham. 

Henry Cole, 1417, p- m. Howick. 

John Hubie, 1422, p. m. Cole. Was vicar of Egling- 
ham in 1 420, which he resigned in 1 422 ; probably to 
be collated to this living. 

Richard Kighley, who was rector of Meldon from 
1453 to 1467, when he resigned that living. 

Dionysius Garforde, 1501. 

Miles Huddleston, after the death of Garforde. 
Thomas Burton, L.L.B., 8 May, 1531, p. m. Hudil- 
ston. Cuthbert, bishop of Durham, patron. Vicar of 
Woodhorn from 1533 to 1546. Master of Elishaw Hos- 
pital from 1534 to 1544. 

John Crawfurtfo, S.T.P., 12 June, 1546, p. m. Bur- 

Roger Venys, presbyter, collated 16 July, 1561, after 
the resignation of Crawfurthe. (Pilk. Reg. f. 56, I.) 
" Venis was deprived for gross neglect of his duty, 
being frequently absent from the church for several 
weeks together, and no duty being performed in it." 
(Hunter's MSS. 20?.; 3 Q 

William Duxfield, collated 16 Aug. 15$ after the 
lawful deprivation of Roger Venis. Rector of Ship- 
wash from 1571 to 1587; deprived ofBothal in 1578; 
vicar of Ellingham in 1579, and of Chillingham in 

Gawin Bron, minister of God's holy word, 4 Dec. 
1572, after the resignation of Duxfield. 

William Herte, M.V.D., collated 25 July, 1575, after 
the lawful deprivation of Gawin Bron, clerk. 
Charles Vicars, clerk, 1598,,, 

Thomas Astell, jplerk, collated 25 May, 1621, after 
the death of the last incumbent; resigned 12 Oct. same 
year. Vicar of Haltwhistle in 1 623. Had a preacher's 
licence for the whole diocese, 24 Ap. 1625. 

Stephen Bell, collated Oct. 16, 1621, p. r. Astell. The 
sheriff of Northumberland, in 1628, had writs of scire 
facias and capias against him for 10. vi. s. viij d. " p 
libf intrusf ." (Swinb. MSS. Hi. 247.; 

Thomas Bendlows held this living and Meldon from 
1652 to 1670. After he was deprived of these livings 
he became a counsellor and a justice of the peace. 
(Palmer's Calamy, Hi. 75.; 
Richard Preston, in 1670. 
Isaac Wallis, was vicar of Allenton in 1683. 
Thomas Richardson, vicar of Mitford, entered to this 
place the 24th Nov. 1698. (Parish Register.) 

George Gordon, clerk, 16 Aug. 1?22. Held by se- 

Isaac Nelson, clerk, 1759, after the death of Gordon. 
Rector of Meldon in 1762. (Above, p. 10.; He re- 
built the vicarage-house ; and exerted himself in pro- 
curing benefactions to obtain the Queen Anne's boun- 
ty to this living, with which the estate belonging to it 
in Knaresdale was purchased. But, as he was returning 
home from Morpeth, on Friday, 20th March, 1772, 


October 4, in that year, to February 8, in 1307. q After bishop Bee's death, 
in 1311, and before the election of his successor in the same year, the arch- 
bishop of York ordained, that the stipend of the vicar of this church should 
consist of 25 marks, paid annually by the prior of Lanercost, and that he 
should have the manse built on the east side of the church to live in, and for 
his further support 12 acres of meadow or arable land in Aldworth, and all 
the meadow in the field of Harestane, belonging to the church of Mitford, 
together with the church-yard/ By a terrier of the possessions of this church, 
made in 1663, and printed in the Miscellanea respecting this church, it would 
appear that the vicar's glebe had at that time dwindled into three acres, called 
Gudgeon, and one acre called Priest's Poole. Gudgeon, at present, is called 
Gubion, estimated at 8 acres, and is situated on the south side of the Wansbeck, 
in the portion of Morpeth High Common, belonging to this parish. Harestane 
is now in two fields in the farm of East Coldside, and the vicar has still the 
sweepings in the field called East Harestone. Besides which he has a small 
farm called Bamsrow, in the parish of Knaresdale, in this county, purchased 
by the governors of Queen Anne's bounty ; and the interest of 1400, vested 
in the same corporation. 

The BARONY OF MITFORD extended over the whole of the parishes of Mit- 
ford, Meldon, Ponteland, and Felton, in this county, and of Greatham, in the 

ild. 1021, 1025, 1157, 1189. 

he was drowned at the stepping-stones at Mitford. 
(Newc. Cour. 28 March, 1772.^ 

Hugh Nanney, M. A., 27 Aug. 1772 ; vicar of Halt- 
whistle about the year 1783 ; died in 1809. (See Fed. 
pt. M. vol. i. p. 356, gen. 15.; 

Thomas Capstack, on the resig. of Nanney ; curate of 
Esh and Satley, in coun. of Durham, 1783 ; also of St. 
Andrew's Auckland, where he died in 1805. 

Lens succeeded Mr Capstack in 178 . ; but ne- 
ver resided. He was master in a school in London. 

Edward Nicholson, L.L.B., on the resig. of Lens; 
inducted 22 Nov. 1793; vicar of Mysen, in Notting- 
hamshire, 20 July, 1803, on which occasion he ceded 
Mitford, but was re-collated to it 12 Aug. 1803. The 
author's thanks are due to Mr Nicholson for access to 
the registers of this parish, and for other information. 

PATRONAGE, PROCURATIONS, &c. This chuich is in 

r Mitf. Ch. Mj^c. No. 1, 2, 3. 

the patronage of the bishop of Durham ; is returned in 
the king's books of the clear yearly value of 24 ; pays 
yearly tenths 1 Os. 8d. ; episcopal procurations 4s.; 
and archdeacon's procurations 1 2s. 

THE PARISH REGISTERS begin in 1652, from which 
time, with few exceptions, they are tolerably perfect. 
Some leaves, containing entries of persons descended 
from the Fenwicks, of Nunriding, are said to have been 
cut out of them while they were in the custody of the 
parish-clerk, and occasionally taken to the village ale- 
house to be consulted. 

PRESENTMENTS " June 9th, 1680. One of our 

bells is useless. No terrier of the glebe. John Davi- 
son, Roger Burke, and Thomas Trumble, for playing 
on the Lord's days at bobbe hand-ball." " Sept. 16801 
Our quire is out of repaire. RICHARD PRESTON, vicar." 
(MS. penes I. Bell.) 


county of Durham, and with the exception of such parts of it as were given 
in free alms to the clergy of its several parishes, and to monasteries and hos- 
pitals, continued in the possession of the antient family of Bertram, unincum- 
bered and entire, till the death of Roger Bertram the Second in 1242. Tra- 
dition holds her dim torch over it into times prior to the conquest : the steady 
rays of history do not begin to beam upon it till the reign of Henry the Second. 

John, lord of Mitford, had an only daughter, Sigil or Sybil, whom the Con- 
queror married to sir Richard Bertram, a son of the lord of Dignam, in Nor- 
mandy. This Sigil is said to have had an uncle, Matthew de Mitford, from 
whom the families of Mitford, of Mitford and Exbury, and of baron Redes- 
dale, of Redesdale, derive their descent. 

Roger Bertram, baron of Mitford, in 1165, certified that his barony was 
holden in capite of the crown by the service of five knight's fees ; and that his 
father and grandfather, prior to the death of Henry the First, had enfeoffed 
military tenants under them in it to the amount of six and a half knight's 
fees. The names of the tenants were Ralph de St Peter, who held two 
knight's fees ; and Wm de Fraglinton, Wm de Diffleston, Wihelard de Trophil, 
John the son of Simeon, each of whom held one knight's fee, and Pagan de 
Hallesdune, who held half a one. s The parcel of this estate, which was situ- 
ated in the county of Durham, occurs, for the first time that I have met with 
it, in the Northumberland Pipe Roll for 8 Richard I., 1196 7> which record 
rates the barony " of William, son of Roger Bertram," in the following man- 
ner: "Greatham, 30s. ; Felton, 41s. ; Mitford, 41s. ; andEeland, 10s."' The 
Testa de Neville, made about the latter end of the reign of King John," also 
enumerates the knight's fees in this barony at five, and says, that all the an- 
cestors of Roger Bertram, then baron there, held it by the same service from 
the conquest to that time, and that nothing had then been alienated from it, 
or given away in dower or in frankalmoigne to the detriment of the king. v 

The next notice of this barony enumerates the names of the places and 

8 Liber. Nig. 331. * Dug. Bar. i. 543. 

u The Testa de Neville is an inquest respecting knight's fees, made in the time of Eustace 
de Vescy, who was slain in 1216. It also mentions Robert Fitz-Roger, lord of Werkworth, who 
died in 1215. 

* III. i. 233. 


tenantry within it, and is contained in the account of knight's fees for the pay- 
ment of the aid for knighting Edward the First : it is as follows : 

" THE BARONY OF MITFORD. Roger Bertram holds in capite of our lord 
the king, Mitford with its members, to wit, Newton- Underwood, w Throphill, 
Molliston, and Benerigg ; also Meldon, Idington, Pykeden, Aldewrth, Es- 
peley, and the Grange of Heylawe ; Eland with its members, namely, Mer- 
disfen, Crikelawe, Calverdon. Valence, and Donington ; also Brinklawe, 
Prestwick, Calverdon- Araynis, Berewick, Caldecotes, North Milburn, South 
Milburn, and the Grange of Horton ; Feltori with its members, Eshet and 
Bokenfield, Thriston, La Chauce, Little Felton, Aketon, Swarland, Overgairs, 
Glantley, andFramlington, by four knight's fees of the old feoffment: Of which 
the following persons were tenants by knighfs service under Roger Bertram : 
The heirs of Walter de St Peter ought to hold Pikederi, Idington, and Ber- 
wick, by two knights fees of the old feoffment : the heirs of Henry de Fer- 
lington held Brinklawe and Donington by a quarter of the old feoffment ; 
Simon de Diffleston held North Milburn by one fee of the old feoffment ; 
and John Fitz- Simon held Meldon and Prestwick by one and a half knight's 
fee : Besides whom, the heirs of John Fitz-Robert are assessed for Eshet and 
Bokenfield at a quarter of an old fee ; Wm de Hardrishill for 100 solidates of 
land in Thriston by one-twentieth part of a new fee ; Robert de Merieville 
for South Milburn at half a fee of the old feoffment ; Guy de Ayranis for 
Calverdon at a quarter of a new fee ; One Plescencia also held in Calverdon 
a carucate of land by one-thirtieth part of a new fee ; and John de Ellington, 
William de la Tur and Margery his wife, Adam Hyring and Maud his wife, 
Thomas Brian and Isabella sister of the said Maud held Framlington by half 
an old fee. x And besides these military tenants the baron of Mitford had 
under him at the same time the following long array of soccage tenants : 
Gilbert Hiring who held 32 acres of land in Benerig by the payment of a rent 

w Some emendations have been made to the text at III. i. 207, from the Lawson MS. ; but the 
two copies, not only respecting this, but several other places, are not only at variance, but in 
some measure irreconcileable. The order of the mesne tenants has also been transposed to suit 
the arrangement in the Liber Niger, so far as I have been able to see a probable coincidence 
between the families holding by knight's service in this barony in 1165 and 1240. The Lawson 

MS. says, " the lord held of the crown by six knights fees and parts, besides having a 

place called Highley." 

* III. i. 207, 208. 


of 2s. ; Alan the Chaplain two bovates of land in Benerig by a pound of 
cumin ; Humphrey de Mendham and William de la Tur each one carucate 
of land in Thropphill by 2s. each : The heirs of Richard Blundell half a 
carucate in Newton by two pounds of pepper : Brun le Vilur 48 acres in 
Molston by 6d. : William de Espeley by one pound of pepper held all Espe- 
ley except 20 acres, which Cecilia de Espeley held by one pound of cumin : 
Nicholas son of Matthew half a carucate in Mitford by one pound of pepper : 
Matthew Marescall 15 acres in Mitford by the payment of certain horse- 
trappings ; William Pole 12 acres in Mitford by 2s. : Peter de Aldworth 
one carucate in Aldworth by 13d. : William Corbet four bovates of land in 
Aldworth by six barbed arrows : Gilbert of Eland one carucate in Eland by 
certain white gloves and one bridle : Adam de Calverdon half a carucate in 
Eland by 5s. : Thomas Burgilun and Hugh Bell each 40 acres in Crikelawe 
(Kirkley) by half a mark each : Marjery de Crikelawe one quarter of Crike- 
lawe by one mark : William son of Osolf four score acres of land in Merdis- 
fen by half a mark : Stephen the son of Utred 40 acres in Calverdon by 
4 S . : . Marjery de Rucester other 40 acres in Calverdon by 12d. ; William de 
Schauceby and William son of Payne 40 acres in Little Felton by carrying 
wr its -. Nicholas de Aketon held Aketon by 24s. : William son of the Cook 
half a carucate in Swarland by 6d. : David the Waylays y 40 acres in Over- 
garis by 10s. : Robert de Camti z 38 and a half acres in Great Felton by 
2s. : Hugh de Lanark and Agnes his wife 12 acres in the same Felton by 
12d. : Robert Gardiner 12 acres in the same Felton by 3s. : The widows 
Lsould and Aviz 12 acres in the same Felton by one pound of cumin ; Adam 
Maufetur one carucate in Thriston by 3s. : The abbot of Newminster the 
granges of Horton and Heychelawes (Highlaws) by 20 marks ; Joseph the 

y Le Waylays, le Waleys, le Gallois, mean the Welshman; and the surnames Wallis and Wal- 
lace are derived from the country of Wales, as Scot comes from Scotland, English from Eng- 
land. In the same way, the people of Wales are called in old records Galoys, Galees, le Waleys, 
&c. (See Rot. Par. mV746, 606.) Galway, in Scotland, was a district of the Gallois or Welch. 
Wallace, the champion and redeemer of Scotland, I have no doubt, had his name from the same 
origin. " The Scottes made them a captain, whome they named William Walys, a man of 
vnknown or low birth, to whom they obeyed as their king." (Graf ton, 1298.,) Buchannan calls 
him " homo nobili & antiqua familia, sed in re tenui natus et educatus." 
z Rob 1 , de Cannill." (Lawson MS.fol. 52, b.) 


chaplain held La Chauce, and the prior of Brinkburne Little Felton except 
40 acres in free alms and without doing any service." 3 

The bonds which had hitherto united this extensive barony were not 
destined to continue long unbroken ; for, soon after this return was made, 
the affairs of the baron of Mitford received a shock from which they could 
never afterwards recover. Roger Bertram the Third became an active pro- 
moter of the barons' wars against the crown ; and, being taken prisoner at 
Northampton, in 1264, b the parts of his estates which had not been expended 
in the cause of rebellion were either sold or deeply mortgaged to raise the 
sum required for his ransom from captivity. The commissioners for making 
the inquests contained in the Hundred Rolls have entered numerous informa- 
tions against him for alienation of property prior to the year 1275. To Peter 
de Mitford he sold the ville of Glantley, in the parish of Felton : to Agnes de 
Cousedine the ville of Swarland : to William son of Ralph the ville of Over- 
gares ; and to Robert Galmetorpe a carucate of land in the same place. c 
These were alienations of his soccage tenures : besides which he injured the 
revenues of the crown by the sale of several estates holden by military ser- 
vices. Great Eland, Merdisfen, Little Eland, and Calverdon, were sold to 
William de Valencia, earl of Pembroke, and half brother of Henry the Third : 
The park of Mitford, Kirkley, and the service of Constance de St Peter, con- 
sisting of one and a half knight's fee, as well as John de Ferlington's service 
of half a knight's fee, and that of Roger Arrenis of one- third of a fee, 
were parted with to Hugh de Eure : Babington went back to the Umfre- 
villes, of whom the Bertrams had it in dower ; Thropill was given to his 
own son Thomas ; Newton, with a carucate of demesne land in Mitford, to 
Wyschard de Charun ; Benrig, with the park of Wychenley, to Ralph de 
Cotun ; 34 acres of land in Moliston, with one knight's fee and a half in 
Meldon and Prestwick, to Walter de Cambhow ; 40 acres of land in Benrig, 
with a rent of 20 marks a year to the abbot of Newminster ; besides the wood 
of Holm and the demesne lands in the township of Aketon to Wm Heron. d 
And another part of the same inquest finds that he abridged his property 
holden by military services by the following alienations : To Thomas of 
DeVeleston he sold a service due from himself to the crown of half a knight's 

a III. i. 216. b III. ii. 360. c III. i. 91. * Id. 104. 


fee : -to the Parson of Meldon 2 acres of land and one toft in Mollisdon : 
to Adam of Gesemouth one messuage and one acre of land in Mitford, with 
the advowson of the church there, the ville of Benrig, and the wood of Wich- 
enley : to Peter de Montefort 27 acres of land, one toft, and one acre of 
meadow ground in Great Eland, with the advowson of the church there : 
to Master Gilbert de St Bees one toft and four score acres of land in Ben- 
rig : all these alienations seem to have been made in the time of Henry 
the Third ; and, in the time of Edward the First, he gave to his grand 
daughter, Agnes Bertram, the castle, ville, and mill of Mitford, and the ville 
of Mollisdan, which she sold to Alianor, queen of England, who sold them to 
Alexander de Balliol and to Alianor de Genevre his wife. 6 The quo warranto 
pleadings at Newcastle, in 1294, which originated out of the preceding in- 
quests and informations, give us a nearer view of this transaction between the 
Balliols and the Bertrams. They show us how the wreck of the barony was 
collected and re-edified by the former family, and the state in which it was 
transmitted to their successors. Robert de Stutteville, at that time, had 
married BallioPs widow, and he and his wife Alianor de Genevre appeared 
and said that the tenements which they held in Mitford and Felton, had be- 
longed to Roger Bertram, which Roger and all his ancestors had, from time 
beyond all memory, uninterruptedly exercised the liberty of free warren in 
both places, and free chase in Felton, besides having the privilege of appre- 
hending and executing felons within Mitford ; that after this Roger's death, 
his daughter and heir Agnes Bertram entered upon these tenements and li- 
berties, which she gave to Alianor, queen of England, and mother of Edward 
the First ; which queen enfeoffed Alexander Balliol and his wife Alianor in 
the premises, in free marriage to them and the heirs of the body of Alianor, 
Balliol's wife, with mills, knight's fees, advowsons of churches, wards, es- 
cheats, and all other their appurtenances, and bound herself and her heirs to, 
warrantry. They also showed that the said Agnes and queen Alianor, while 
the premises were in their possession, enjoyed the privileges recited ; that if 
the claimant Alianor died without issue, the premises would revert to the 
crown ; and, in evidence of the said gift, warrantry, and reversion, they 
produced the queen's grant of them before the court : but though the jury 

elll. i. 116, 128. 



found that these liberties had been regularly used by the claimants and their 
predecessors in the barony, the court deferred giving judgement upon the 
case till its sittings in the octave of St John the Baptist at York ; and, if 
the matter was ever judicially determined, the record of the judgement does 
not seem to have been recorded/ The same document also states that Stutte- 
ville and his wife held the manor of Stamford (which had belonged to 
Simon de Montfort, the rebel earl of Leicester), by the demise of Edmund 
earl of Lancaster, the king's brother, till such times as two mills in Mitford 
and Felton and the Great Park of Mitford should revert into the sesin of her 
and her heirs. What right Agnes Bertram enjoyed in Mitford at the time of 
her death in 1282, I have no means of ascertaining. All that I know on the 
subject is given in the pedigree of her family ; and the pedigrees of the fami- 
lies who succeeded the Bertrams in their possessions here, contain a connect- 
ed sketch of the descent of the barony from the Stuttevilles to the family of 
de Valence earls of Pembroke, and their lineal descendants the Cumins of 
Badenach in Scotland, Strathbolgies earls of Athol, the Percies of Athol, 
and the lords Brough, of which last family, William lord Brough, in 4 Philip 
and Mary, granted all his lands in Mitford to Cuthbert Mitford and his son 
Robert, reserving, however, to himself, the site of the castle and the royal- 
ties, 8 which James the First granted to James Murray 11 second earl of Annan- 
dale, who died in 1658 without issue, and Charles the Second gave to Robert 
Mitford, of Mitford, esq. who died in 1666,' and was direct lineal ancestor of 
Bertram Mitford, esq. the present baron in fee of this antient and extensive 
seigniory. There is a manuscript in the library of Durham Cathedral which 
commences with " A rent roll of the copyhold rents in the manor of Kirby- 
moorside, in the county of York, due to his grace the duke of Buckingham, 
for one year, ending at Mich. 1668," and also containing, on its first leaf, 
this inscription :- " Witt Davison, March 17, 1666 7, Greyes Inn." It 
contains also the call rolls of several other manors in Yorkshire, and at p. 
98, j the call roll of the barony of Mitford, in which the manors and places 
that answered to the court are enumerated in the following order, and have 

f III. i. 128, 197, 198. * Wallis, ii. 322. h Id. Id. 

J It is headed thus : BARONIA DE MITFORD. MITFORD CALL." It has probably been 
used on several court days, as many names are crossed out, and others added over them ; and 


to each of them the names of their several freeholders and tenants annexed : 

" Throple, Newton- Vnderwodd, Newton Parke, Eddington, Gubeon ats Gud- 
geon, Aldworth ats Ealdworth, Benridge, Meldon, Pigdon, Espley, High 
Highlaws, Mitford, Mosden, Cawdside, Little Felton afs Acton, Bokenfield, 
Esshett, Swarland, Glantlees and Snuckbank, Long Framlington, Overgrasse, 
Low Framlington, Pont Island, Island Hall, Island Greene and Mason, Din- 
nington, Prestwick, Callerton, Little Callerton, Darish Hall, Brenckley, 
Caldcoats del North, Caldcoats del South, Horton Grange, Milburn del South, 
Kirkley, Benridge, Higham dikes, Carter moor, and East Duddoe." It is 
not said in this " call," for whom Mr Davison held the court, but the omis- 
sion in it of Mr Mitford's name among the freeholders of the township of 
Mitford, shows that it was holden for him : for if it had been holden for the 
king or any other lord, then, as principal freeholder, he would have been 
called ; but his name is omitted, inasmuch as he was not answerable to his 
own court. 


(See Dugdale'i Baronage, i. 543, 544. The other authorities are referred to in their proper placet.) 

ARMS. Or, an orle, azure. BERTRAM, in German, means fair or Ulustriout (Ainsw.) .- it is also the name in the same 
language of Anthemu pyrethrum, or Spanish pellitory. (Philipi.) 

I . RICH ABU BERTRAM, a son of the lord of Dignam, In Normandy, and a followerT=SiGiL, or SYBIL, only daur. and heir of 
of William the Conqueror, had enfeoffed tenants in the barony of Mitford prior to the I John lord of Mitford, in the time of 
death of Henry the First, in 1135. (Walli*, n. 318; Evid. No. I.) | Edward the Confessor. 

II. WILLIAM BERTRAM I. who, with his wife Hawys, and his sons Roger and Guy, William and=pHAWYSE, whom Wallis 
Richard, founded the priory of Brinkburn, where he lies buried, with this inscription : " me . I calls Alice daur. of sir 
JACET . ROGERVS . BERTRAM . FVNDATOR." He also gave to the abbey of Newminster lands between I William Merlay. of Mor- 
that house and Mitford. He had a brother Alex, mentioned below in the account of his son Roger. | peth, knight. 

I ~ / 1 1 

III. ROGER BERTRAM I. with hfs cross confirmed his father's foundation-pADA, wife of Roger Bertram the GUT. 
deed of Brinkburn Priory. In 1157, he gave 60 marks for a market at Mit- I first was a benefactor toNewmin- WILLIAM. 
ford. (Dug. Bar. i. 543.; Held of the crown, in 1 165, by the service of five j ster Priory. (Dug. 916. J RICHARD. 

knight's fees, by which his father and grandfather had holden under Hen. the i 

First. (Evid. 1,J In 1172, he paid 6 10s. scutage, to excuse his either going himself or sending a proxy with "Henry the] 
Second to the conquest of Ireland. To the monks of Newminster he gave the granges of Highlaws, in this parish, and of) 

each name has after it several short-hand remarks, such as a. or ap. I suppose for appeared; ess. 
for essoined ; and d. or d. perhaps for dead. At Little Callerton the names stand thus : 

George Pfoctor 2s. 2s. } de* 
Wm Robinson 2s. 2s. 

Mr Davison, to whom the manuscript belonged, was proprietor of Thornley-Gore, in the county of 
Durham: admitted at Grey's Inn, May 1, 1656; barrister- at-1 aw, aged 26, 1666; and died at 
Hardwick, 26th April, 1696. (Surtees, ii. 167 J 


Issue of Roger Bertram I. and Ada 

Horton, in the parish of Ponteland, and part of a peat moss (Dug. Man. ii. 916} : to the nuns of Halystane, the wood called 
Baldwiuswood, and afterwards Nunriding. ( See Nunriding below. ) This, I apprehend, was the Roger Bertram who con- 
firmed his father's grants to the monks of Brinkburn, and gave to them the church of Felton ; and to them and their men 
residing within Feltonshire, common of pasture on a moiety of the ground holden by Kudo de Scauceby in exchange for 
a carucate of laud which he had given to his uncle in Aid worth. Richard and Robert Bertram, and Ralph de St Peter (one 
of the tenants of the barony in Il(i5) being witnesses to the grant. (Evid. 2.J 

IV. WILLIAM BERTRAM II. in 1196, occurs as son and heir of William Bertram,=pALiCE, dau. of Robert Umfreville, who 

and accounts to the sheriff of that year for his barony, which then consisted of the 
parishes of Greatham (now in the county of Durham), Felton, Alitford, and Ponte- 
land. He confirmed to the monks of Brinkburn all the grants which his grandfather 
William and his father Roger had made to them ( KuM. No. 3) ; and died about the 
year 1199, when the wardship and marriage of his son Roger were granted to 
William Brewer. 

gave with her in dower the villes of 
Great Bavington and Kirklawe, with 
the service of Robert of Divellestone in 
North Milburne, besides the forest of 
Ottercops and right of free chase on cer- 
tain lands on the west side of the Rede, 
about Corsenside. (III. ii. 25. J 

V. ROGER BERTRAM II. son 8s heir of William, in 1199, had a grant of a market and fair in Felton ; and, in 1202, during=p 
his minority, was found to be in the custody of Wm Brewer, and agreeing with Wm de Eland, that, till he, the said Roger, 
was at age, they should jointly present to the church of Milburn, which was dependant on the mother church of Ponteland. 
fill. ii. 338.) In the following year the king granted to him and his heirs, that his manor of Felton " should be out of 
the regard of the forest, as also that he might have free liberty of hunting there." fid. 389. ) Dugdale, seemingly in con- 
tradiction to other statements, quotes records to show that, in 1205, the wardship and custody of Roger, son of Wm Bertram, 
was granted to Peter de Brus for 300 marks (Bar. i. 5 -18 J ; for, before his minority was expired, Constance de Crammaville, 
In 1207, complained that while he was in the custody of Wm de Brewer, Geoffry Manduit, the guardian's bailiff, ousted her 
of certain lands which she held in the honour of Mitford, and which she could not recover till she had given him 40 marks : 
she also further showed, that Mauduit not only used threats, but by deep designs, fair words, and pretences of love, prevailed 
with her to let him have the lands in question for his homage and service and 1 (10 marks, of which sum he had not, how- 
ever, paid her more than 100s. (IIJ.ii.3SQ.) In 1214, he engaged in rebellion against king John, for which offence his 
lands were seized and given to that iniquitous minion of the crown, Philip de Ulcotes, who, in that year, was sheriff of 
Northumberland, an office which he retained for six successive years afterwards. But Bertram, on the death of king John, 
in 1216, having made peace with the government of his successor, by a fine of 100, procured repeated orders for the restitu- 
tion of his lands, to which Ulcotes continued to turn a deaf ear, till the sheriff of Northamptonshire was charged with a 
special precept to let him know, that unless he speedily restored the claimant to his possessions, immediate seizure should be 
made of all his estates in Northamptonshire, Yorkshire, and Durham. This threat succeeded, and the baron of Mitford 
soon after became so distinguished for his loyalty, that he was frequently employed in state affairs of considerable importance. 
On July 15, 1220, he was one of the English barons who swore to see Henry the Third's obligation to marry his. sister Mar- 
garet to Alexander king of Scotland, carried into effect. (Rymer, i. X41.J In August following he was a witness to the 
convention between the king and Geoffry de Marisco, on the latter being appointed justiciary of Ireland. (Id. p. 244. ) In 
1224, the crown discharged him from the payment of his portion of the scutage of Wales. Robert de Lexington, Roger 
Merlay, Roger Bertram, and Jordan Hayron, were justices itinerant at Newcastle in 1225. (Brand's Newc. it. 391.; In 1228, 
Gilbert de Umfreville, Rog'r de Merlay, himself, and other northern barons, had a mandate to meet Alexander, king of 

Scotland, at Berwick, and give him safe conduct to a conference between him and the king of England, at York (Rymer, 

i. 306. J In March, 1237, he was a witness to the agreement made before Cardinal Otto, the pope's legate at York, respect- 
Ing differences between England and Scotland. (Id. 374J The sheriff's roll for 1242 credits him for the payment of 30 
marks for not attending the king into Gascony ; and Dugdale quotes Matthew of Westminster, to show that he died in the 
same year. His heir, in 48 Hen. III. 1243 4, is described as in the custody of the king. (777. . 881.) 

VI. ROGER BERTRAM III. son of Roger Bertram, of Mitford, made restitution of certain=T=JoAN, widow of Roger Bertram 
lands to the abbot and convent of Newminster (777. ii. 62) ; and, under the description of ( ) : re-married to 

Roger Bertram the Third, he quit-claimed to the priory of Brinkburn all right which it Robert de Nevill before the year 
had in the wood of Linchewood by the gift of his great grandfather William Bertram. (Evid. \ 1275. (III. i. 104.) 
No. 4.) In 1257, he obtained a grant of privileges in Mitford, Felton, and Kirkley (///. ii. 

391) ; and, in the following year, with other northern barons, had command to march into Scotland with all the force each 
of them could raise, to rescue the young king of that country out of the hands of his rebellious barons. That he was a person 
of a daring and martial spirit, and a strenuous opposer of the arbitrary measures of Henry the Third, is plain, from the 
active part he took against that monarch. In March, 1264, he had been summoned to be a> Oxford in the Midlent following 
(Dig. of a Peer, 3rd Rep. Apt. p. 34) ; but, regardless of the royal mandate, he joined the earl of Leicester under the standard 
of revolt, and continued to fight under it till, in company with his neighbour Hugh Gubin, lord of Shilvington, he was 
taken prisoner at the siege of Northampton, on the 3rd of April following. (777. . 360. Knighton inter X Script, col. 2448.) 
This desperate adventure shattered the fortune of his house. The charges against him for alienating parcels of his barony 
without licence have already been enumerated. Before this crisis of his misfortunes lie had probably expended a considerable 
part of his estate. He parted with Bavington in (255 (777. ii. 26) ; and, in the year in which he was taken prisoner, sold 
Ottercops, another of his grandmother Alice Umfreville's estates, to the earl of Leicester himself, who, besides being possessed 
of the barony of Emeldon, in this county, was so great a favourite in it, that after his death, John de Vescy, lord of Alnwick, 
presented to the abbey there, one of his feet, which the convent enshrined in a shoe of the purest silver, honoured as the relic 
of a holy martyr, and gave to it the character of emitting invisible virtues of so divine a nature as to heal the sick. Montfort 
had fought for the monks, and they attempted to canonize his memory. (See Gale's Mailr. Chron.) May not the true cause of 
Bertram's ruin be sought for in a blind attachment to the monks ? They roused his zeal to fight the vause of the Holy See 
under de Montfort's banner ; and, when the prodigality of war made him feel the want of money, his advisers and his general 
gave him cash for portions of his estate ; for the monks, ever ready to exchange the contents of their coffers for lands in fee, 
obtained beneficial grants of him for the convents of Brinkburn and Newminster. He also gave " to the holy nuns of St. 
Bartholomew of Newcastle 2 acres and an half of his pasture of Merdisfen in the east part of the Staineley, and next the way 
one other and a half on that one part of the way, and one toft in the town of Merdisfen of ten partis in length and four in 
breadth, &c." (Brand's Ninvc. i. 208.) After his capture at Northampton, his castle of Mitford, and all his Northumberland 
estates were seized, and given into the custody of Win de Valence, the, king's half-brother ; but probably restored soon after 
on the payment of a heavy fine for his pardon and ransom. The price of his redemption was probably furnished by de 
Valence, and became the heaviest of all the incumbrances upon the estate ; for, in 1269, we find Bertram conveying Great 
Ealand, Merdeferi, Calverdon, and Little Ealand, to the same Wm de Valence, whose descendants continued to have consi- 
derable interest in the castle and estates of Mitford barony for several generations afterwards. By writ, dated at Woodstock, 
84. Dec. 1?64, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester] summoned him; In the name of the king, to beat a convention at Lotidon, 


Issue of Roger Bertram III. and Joan 

on the octave of St Hillary, about quieting the differences between the king and the nation. (Rymer, i. 308.) That he con- 
trived to preserve a part of his estates to his family, either by conveyance before their seizure, or by procuring their restora- 
tion afterwards, is plain, from the interest his heirs continued to enjoy in them long after his 'death. When that event 
happened, I have seen no account. Under the name of " Bertram de Myteford," in 1274, he granted in fee to " Adam de 
Gesemuthe" the ville of Benrig, and the advowson of the church of Mitford (///. it. 360} ; but it Is plain that he was dead in 
1275 for, an inquest in that year, under the statute quo warranto, says, that his son and heir, who holds in capite, ought to 
liave been a ward of the king, and to have been married by him. (///. i. 104.) 


TRAM IV. died 5 Edw. 
II. 1311-2, possessed of 
the castle and ville of 
Mitford, besides proper- 
ty in Molesden, Felton, 
Framlington, O vergares 
Bichfleld, and Kirkley. 
(///. i. 59). 

TRAM, to whom 
his father convey- 
ed Throphlll be- 
fore 3rd Edw. I. 
1275, (///. . 10*) 
and which this 
Thomas sold to 
Hugh de Eure. 
(See under Throp- 

htu.} =r 

married Thos. Fitz- 
william, lord of El- 
meley and Sprotbo- 
rough, in Yorkshire, 
who had with her 
the manor of Stein- 
ton, and 60s. yearly 
out of Greatham, in 
co. Durham. (Col- 
Knit Peer. v. 161. )=p 


married Philip Darcy ; 
and 5 Edw. II. had, as 
cousin & heir of Roger 
Bertram, lord of Mit- 
ford, livery of ^ of the 
mill of Felton, & castle 
of Mitford (Co/ling's 
Peerage, via. 884; ///. 
H. 294.) =f= 





1 " ' 
4. ADA BER- 
TRAM marri- 


grant of Mitford Castle, and other heir, levied a fine of married Agnes, daughter DARCY. NULBURY,HV- VERB. =f 

property from her grandfather Throphill to John, son and heir of Thomas lord -r- ing 5 Edw. II. 

Roger Bertram, which castle she of Hugh de Eure, and al- Grey, of Codnor. (Col- 

ha<l sold before 1275, to Alex, so released to said Eure linis Peerage, v. 162.) 

Balliol and Alianora de Genevre all claim to Throphlll. 

his -wife, which Alianora was (Sec Throphill.) 

afterwards married, as shewn 

below, to Robert de Stutteville (HI. i. 128.) This Agnes, in 1282, is 

described as daur. and heir of Roger Bertram, and she and her castle of 

Mitford directed to be taken into the king's hands. (///. ii. 346.) 

IX. WILLIAM FITZ- WILLIAM married Maud, daur. of Edw. lord Deyn- PHILIP DARCY, according to GILBERT DE AYTOK, 
court, and was living 5 Edw. II. when he was found to be one of the Dugdale, was 10 years old living 5 Edw. II. 
heirs of Roger Bertram, baron of Mitford. (Cellini's Peerage, v. 162.) 14 Ed. III. and died young, 

and without issue. (Bar. i. 871.) 



son & heir of Hugh le Brim j of Warine de HAM, natural son 
and Isabella Angouleme, the Muncbensi. of king John; some- 

After the capture of Roger | 561.) 
Bertram at Northampton, 

beautiful wid. of king John. (Dugdale's Bar. i. times called Rich- 

ard de Dover. 


Fulbert de Dover, lord of By well and 

who built Ful- Barnard-castle ; 

ham Castle. She founder of Balliol 

had a sister Lora, College, Oxford ; 

married to Wm died 53 Hen. III. 

Marmion. (Ra- 1269. 

pin, i. 280.) 

th king ordered Mitford Castle and its dependencies to be 

seized and committed into the custody of his half brother Wm 

de Valence, (///. U. 360) to whom the said Roger Bertram 

alienated Great and Little Ealand, Merdesfen, and Calverdon. 

(///. i. 103; III. n. 292; and Supra, p. 4.) In 34 Hen. III. he had the wardship of Roger 

Fitz-Roger, lord of Corbrldge. (///. a. 281.) He used free wan-en in Ponteland, in 1294 

(///. . 191) ; and died in the ides of June, 1296, and was buried in St Edmund s chapel, in 

Westminster Abbey, where his monument remains. (Dug. Bar, i. 776.) 

of Margaret, dau. 
of David earl of 
Huntingdon, bro. 
of Wm the Lion, 
king of Scotland. 

(See Col. Hot. 

Pat. 22 Hen. III. 
p. 19, No. 10 y $ 
Prynne's Edw. I. 
p. 516.) 

II. 1. JOHN DE VALENCK 2. WILLIAM DE VALENCE was slain in a skirmish 8. SIR ADOMAR DE VALENCE, earl 
died young. with the Welsh, in his father's lifetime. of Pembroke, was tall, and of a sallow 

countenance, which caused Piers de 

Gaveston to <all him " Joseph the Jew." He was thrice married : Istly, to Beatrix, daur. of Ralph Neal, constable of 
France ; 2ndly, to a daughter of the earl of Barr ; Srdly, to Mary, daughter of Guy de Chastillon, earl of St Paul, which 
Mary was, on the same day, maid, wife, and widow her husband being killed on their wedding-day in a tournament. 

(WalUs,U. 316.) Leland, however, says he was murdered, '23 June,' 1323, while attending queen Isabella into 

France, " by reason he had a hand in the death of the earl of Lancaster." (Dug. Bar. i. 778.) He was a very valiant 
man ; and, in 1307, the king's lieutenant on the marches in Scotland. (Rot. Scot. i. 66.) He died without issue, 
possessed of Mitford Castle, and a long list of its dependencies, given in Part lii. vol. i. pp. 64, 69 ; besides very extensive 
property in many other counties. (Col. Inq. p. m. i. 312, 317.) His widow, the countess of St Paul, died in March, 51 
Edw. III. possessed of large estates in Norfolk and Suffolk (Id.. M. 10) ; besides which she had in dower with sir Aymer 
de Valence the manor and forest of Felton, which, 7th May, 46 Edward III. she attorned to sir Aymer de Athol. (End, 
1, a, b.) . 

See Generation II. continued over. 




Continuation of Generation 77. 



Cent, of issue of Wm de 
Valence & Joan Munchensi. 


2. 3. 

Issue of Richard de Chilham Issue of John de Balliol and Dervaguilla, 
and Rohesia de Dover. daur. of David, earl of Huntingdon. 


i j I 



r i 


= Isabella, 






2d daur. 





ried John Baron marr. Istly, 

28 yrs. old 



lord of Bywell 

was, with her 

had from 

lord of By- 

Hastings, lord to Maurice 

in 1269; 

3th earl of 



and Barnard- 

husb. Alex 

John, the son 

well and 

ofAbergavenny, Fitzgerald ; 

died s. p. Athol, first 



castle, in 1272, 

de Balliol, eti 

of Elias of 


(Dug. Bar. i. 57o, 2dly, toHugh 

1272. husband. 



let the manor 

feoffed by A 

Stokesfleld, a 

castle, in 

77b) whose de- de Balliol ; & 

as wh 

< c 


lianor, queer 


England, & 

scendant, John Sdly, to John 


wife, in 1282, she is 

to Roger d'A- 

of England 

of all right 

of Galloway 

Hastings, died de Avennes. 


called in th 

e Chrc 



reyns (L. 277) ; 

in lands ii 

to him and 

in Scotland, 

13 Ric. II. s. p. In 1290, A- 


cle of WE 

n The 



was summon- 

Mitford and 

his " lady 

heir of his 

when Reginald dam de Wo- 

Hugh, and 

" Isabella de Dover, 

ed 5 Edw. I. 

Felton, to 

Alyanor de 

bros. Hugh, 

Gray, his great derington 

died s. p. 

countess of Asolin." 

1277, as Alex. 

them and the 

Genovre his 

Alan, and 

grandson, was petitioned 


(Hist. An 

ie. Scr 



son of John de 

heirs of her 

wife," to an 


found to be his parliament 

Edw. I. 516.) 

Xcol. 1934.) Balli- 

Balliol, to be at 

body. (777. 

acre of land 


heir. (Harl. MS. respecting 


ol, her 2nd 





'. 128.) Ed- 


Edw. I. p. 

294, p. 126.) injustices 


was lord of Cavers, 

(Dig. of a Peer, 

ward the 

on Bywell 


done to him 


in Scotlai 

id, ai 


3d Rep. Apx. p. 

First having 

dam. (Evid. 


by Agnes de Valence and her 

GIE, 10th 

held Chilham Castle 

37.) He & his 

granted all 

3. ) In 

Ikingof Scot- 

bailiffs in Woodhorn. (Rot. 

earl of Athol, 

in right of his wife 

wife Alianor 

the castles & 

1294, he and 

land, Nov. 

Par. i. 46.) In 1293, she was 


(Rymer, ii. 2 



bought Mit- 


his wife Ali- 

20, 1292 ; & 

adjudged to have right of gal- 

the side of 

Bar. i. 525; Rot. 

ford Castle, & 

which had 

anor, claim- 

died in 

lows, &c. in Gainford, near 


Parl. i. 470 

; and 


the villes of 

belonged to 

ed various 

France, in 

Bariiardcastle (Id. 118) ; and, 

for which account of 

his being 

Mitford and 

John de Bal- 

privileges on 


in the following year, she 

he was sen- greatly engaged 


Moiesden, of 

liol to John 

their lands 

claimed various privileges in 

tenced to be settling the affairs of 

Agnes de Ber- 

earl of Richm. 

in Mitford & 


Woodhorn and Newbiggen, 

hung ; but, 

" John de j 



tram ; and A- 


Felton. (777. 


which places she held in dow- 

in respect of 

son of Davic 




dam, son and 

rest Bywell 

i. 128.) He 

marr. John 

er as widow of Hugh de Bal- 

his royal of Athol, Alex, king 

heir of Gilbert 

& Woodhorn, 

died on 

Cumin, of 

Hol (777. i. 155, 156, 192.) 

blood, was 

of Scotland 

12 Ju 


de Stokesfield, 

(which grant 

Whitsun eve 



not drawn, 

1284, sent a letter to 


Edw. II. con- 

1306, at Mit- 

one of the 

LENCE j lord of Bade- 

as traitors Edw. I. requesting 

to him and the 

firmed, toge- 

ford Castle, 

12 competi- 

nach, in Scot- 


that Ballio 

1 mig 


lady Alianor 

ther with the 

seized of that 

tors for the 

land, whose father laid claims 

were, to the for the time being, 

de Genevre, 1 

reversion of 

fort, and 50 

crown of 

to the crown of Scotland in 

gallows, but 

be excused 



acre of land at 

the lands 

acres of land 


1292 ; but withdrew them In 

set on horse- 

tending Edward's 

the end of By- 

which Agnes 

there, and 2 

(Doug. Peer. 

favour of John Balliol, after 

back, and 

irmy in i 


well dam. 

de Valence, 

parts of the 

i. 162,614.) 

whose repeated renunciation 

hanged on a 

(Rymer, 2ded.i. 280.) 

(Evid. 2.) He 

wid. of Hugh 

forest of Fel- 

Kiel path 

of his right to it, this John 

gibbet 40 ft. 

died without 

de Balliol, & 

ton, which 

quotes the 

Cumin and Robert Bruce en- 

high, his hea 

4 fixed on 




issue in 1278, 

Alianor de 

he had hold- 

Scala Chro- 

tered into a secret convention 

bridge, and his body burnt to ash- 

seized of By- 

Genevre, wid. 

en by virtue 


proposed by Bruce, and to 

es. (Dttg. Bar. ti. 95.)=p 

well & Wood- 

of Alex, de 

of a grant 

tliat " John 

this effect : " Support you 
my title to the crown, and I will give you my estate, or give me 

horn. (777. i. 


Balliol, held 
in dower, 

made to his 
wife by Ali- 

Balliol, king 
of Scots, had 

your estate, and I will support your title to the crown 

." But 

(F(ed. 2ndcd.) 

anor, dow- 

3 sisters 

ager queen of the eld. was 
England, and Margaret of 
moth, of Ed. Gillesland ; 
I. (Evid. 4.) the 2nd, the 
lady Coney ; 

md the 3rd was married 'to 
him that Robt. Bruce kill- 
ed at Dumfries." 

III. 1. JOHN CUMIN, of Bade- 2. JOAN CUMIN, 
nach, died in 1325-6, possessed eldest daur. 30 
of several tenements and estates yrs. old, & mar- 

in Tindale, but without issue. 
f777. ii. 805.; 

ried 19 Edw. II. 

3. ELIZABETH CUMIN, 2nd daughter, 26 years old 
19 Edw. II. ; married sir Rich. Talbot, of God- 
rich Castle, in Herefordshire, from whom the 
lands called Talbot's lands, in Tindale, had their 
name. (777. ii. 306.) 

=DAVID DE STRATHBOLUIE, 1 ]th 1. JOHN DE STUTTEVILLE, 24 yrs. old at the 

earl of Athol, died 1 Edw. III. time of his mother's dt-ath, 4 Edw. II 

possessed of property in Tin- (Wallis, ii. 314; and Dug. Bar. i. 459.; He 
dale, & the manor of Mitford, granted to Aymer de Valence his castle & 
with its several dependencies manor of Mitford (Evid. 5), and to Adam 
in Moiesden, Ponteland, Little Meyneville all his right in the fisheries in 

Elaud, Calverton, & Merdisfen. Bywell (Id. 6.) 

2. ROBERT, son of Robert Stutteville, one 

of the party indicted for burning the house of Agnes de Benerigg, at Mit- 
ford, in 12 Edw. I. (Rot. Par. i, 123.) In the inquest after the death of 
his father, he is described as the son of Robert de Stutteville and Alianor 

iinlw JiriH tonomontc nu- 1 u m...-1 in *i>n L-ni/4 ;, ,.,>,,.) /-..:/ A \ 

his father, he is described as the son of Robert de Stutteville 
|ais wife ; and, as heir ot the said Alianor, in the lands and tenements mentioned in the said inquest. (Evid. 4.) 


Issue of David de Strathbolgie, 1 1 th earl of Athol, and Joan Cumin. 


12t/i earl of Athol, in 1330, on 
the death of his uncle John Cu- 
min, of Badenach, had livery of 
the manor of " Tirsite," in 
North Tindale, and of the lands 
which descended to him as one 
of the co-heirs of Adomar de 
Valence. (Doug. Peer. i. 134.) 
He was slain in Scotland,' Jan. 
30, 1336, at the age of 28, and 
fighting in the cause of Edward 
III. when the inquest after his 
death found him seized in Mer- 
desfen, Ponteland, Little Eland, 
Calverdon, the castle of Mitford, 
and lands in Molesden. (///. i. 

dan. of Hen. of sir Kobt. Felton, kt. lord of Jesmond & Ponteland, was 

(Har. MS. 294, 

N,,. 1110,$ Evid.) 
Ob. before 1387. 

lord Beau- and Eleanor, dau. of sir bro. of David, 12th earl of Athol. 
mont. Tuos. Greystock. This (Harl. MS. 294, No. 2188.) Queen 

Eleanor was first mar- Philippa appointed him and John 

ried to Robert Lisle, of Woodburne. de Strivelyn, Roger Fulthorpe, and William Kellaw, 
(Calverley MS. SeealsoII. i. 174, gen. 7.) her justices of assize for the franchise of Tindale. 

(Swinb. Char. p. 23.) In 1372, he was a witness to a 

deed, dated at Hautwysell, respecting the manors of Hautwysell and Collanwode. (///. it. 
34.) David de Strathbolgie, earl of Athol, granted to him the reversion of the manor and 
forest of Felton, after the death of Mary de St Paul, countess of Pembroke, which manor 
and forest he entailed upon his two daughters and their husbands in the manner described 
in the Evidences under this generation ; in consequence of which the countess of Pembroke 
attorned to him the premises by a deed of May 6, 1372, which recites the entail. (Evid. 8.) 
In 1381, he was sheriff of Northumberland ; and, in the same year, he and sir Ralph Eure 
were knights of the shire for the same county, in which office they had each an allowance 
of 4s. a day during their attendance on parliament out of a rate levied upon the several 
townships of the county for that purpose, and printed in the Appendix to Wallis's History. 
' The Scottish army, in its march from Newcastle, in Aug. 1388, besieged " sir Haymon de 
Alpliel, in his castle of Ponteland, where he was lord, and after a sharpe assault, won it, and took him prisoner. (//. i. 
116, 128.) He died 3 Henry IV. 1402, possessed of the manor of Ponteland, holden as of the manor of Mitford, and also of 
various rents and other property in Yorkshire. (///. it. 262.) An abstract of a deed of the same year describes him as hav- 
ing the manor of Ponteland for life, the reversion of it belonging to sir John le Scrope, knt. in right of his wife Elizabeth. 
(Evid. 7.) Bishop Fordham, at Gateshead, 9 July, 1387, granted 40 days indulgence to all who would assist in the repairs 
of St Andrew's church, in Newcastle, or contribute to the support of the chantry of the Holy Trinity in that church, or pray 
for the health of sir Aymer de Athol, knight. From this mention of him he is supposed to have been the founder of that 
chantry, in which he and his wife were buried under a very large stone, which has originally been plated very curiously 
with brass. The remains of their effigies are still partly to be seen, in full-length armour, having a sword on his left side : 

of her's nothing remains but from the shoulders upwards. The arms are Athol empaling The remaining part of 



. 189.) 

I I \ I 


BOLGIE, 13th earl of Athol, 
was three years old at 
the time of his father's 
death. He sold Moles- 
''('ii to John de Mitford, 
in 1369; and died, in 
1375, aged 43, possessed 
of various villes & par- 
cels of land in Tindale, 

besides Mitford Castle, (///. . 87.) 

ATHOL was LISLE, of 
second wife. Felton. 

of Hen. lord Fer- ATHOL, ATHOL. DE EURE. A VESCY, 

rers, of Groby. mentioned *f* This ac- daur. and 

Lord Hailes, from in the in- count of Adomar de Athofs co-heir of 

Rymer, vl. 32, dulgence daughters is from Harl. MS. sir William de Ayton, from whom the 

calls her Catha- by Bishop 294, No. 1140, which, for barons de Eure are descended. 

rlne. (Douglas's Fordham, its authority, quotes Esch. 

Peer. i. 134.) She 
was marr. SJndly, 
to John Mai wayn. 

already 47 Edw. III. de manerio de Felton. No. 2189 of the same MS. quoting 
noticed. an authority if 3 Henry IV. makes Adomar de Atheles, uncle of David, 13th 
earl of Athol, to be then " sine exitu," and Elix. wife of John le Scrope, 
the representative of her grandfather David, llth earl of Athol, so that it 

& places dependent upon I would appear that this Isabella and her sister Mary had both died without 

it, all of which are enumerated in Part III. vol. i. p. 87.1 issue before that time. 

f I 


who, with her sister Philippa," 2d son of Geoffrey 

son of Henry Percy, first earl of North- 
umberland, arid Maud de Lucy, heiress 
of Cockermouth. He was usually styled 
ried 51 Edw. III. 1377; and, 1 Ric. II. 
in right of his wife, had livery of the 
lands which Mary de St Paul, countess 
of Pembroke, held in dower during her life. He died in Spain, about 
1388. (Cal. Inq. p. m. iti. 10, 11 ; Coigns' $ Peerage, it. 243.) 

was a ward to the earl of Scrope,ofMasham 
Northumberland. She was 30 baron of Whalton, 
years old 3 Henry IV. and at in this county, 
that time married to sir John 
Scrope. (Evid. 9.!> 

STRATHBOL- knight, 3rd son of 
GIE, o. s. p. Henry, first earl of 
and Maud de Lucy. He and his 
brother Hotspur distinguished 
themselves in the battle of Otterburn. (II. i. 129.) 
He was slain by the Saracens, in 1400, and left no 

VII. SIR HENRY PERCY, of Athol, was governor of Alnwick Castle, under his grandfather, 1 
in 1405 ; but not engaging with him in his rebellions against Henry the Fourth, he escaped 

Ponteland, and lands in Little Ealand, Callerton- Valence, and Mevdesfen. ///. ii. 271, 272.) 


of sir Matthew PERCY died 

Bruce, of Gower, in his youth, 

and widow of at Carlisle. 

Robt. lord Scales; 

died in 14 10. 

* The Rolls of Scotland contain several notices respecting this personage. I n 1314, he was put at the head of the men of Tindale, and had 
a ship allowed him at Newcastle, to convey provisions for them to the seat of war in Scotland. In the next year, he was in the commission of 
array in Northumberland ; and, in 1346, had the lands of David de Strathbolgie, late earl of Athol, committed to his custody. On October 2-2, 
1347, he was made sheriff of Dumfries; and, in the same year, appointed to receive Scotchmen into fealty with Edward the Third, and em- 
powered to repair the castle of Dalswinton. In 1352, the English monarch calls him " his beloved cousin," and gives him a protection for 
persons he was about to send into Ireland to purchase provisions for his household, then resident in Scotland ; and lastly, his name occurs, in 
May, 1381, in a mandate to himself, and others, on matters relative to the borders. (Hot. Scot. i. 651, 654, GOO, 689, 706, 711,716,718, 75i< 
. 37J 



Issue of sir Henry Percy, knt. and Elizabeth Bruce. 


She died 34 Henry knight. 
VI. seized aslndow- 

of Codnor, by whom held in fee tail VEKE, knight, 
his wife Margt. Percy to her and her 

er of half the castle and manor of had no issue. (Collins, heirs, half the castle and manor 

Mitford, and the advowson of the but sec Dug. Bar. i. 712.) of Mitford. She died in 1464, 

hospital of St Leonard, at Mitford, possessed of half the castle and 

and of the chapel upon the " Cawse." manor of Mitford, the advowson of St Leonard's hospi- 

(///. it. 27ti.) 

of Gainsborough, knt. occurs 
in 1461 as a witness to Henry 
Percy taking the oath of fealty 
to Edw. IV. (Rymer, xi. 649.) 
In 1471, he and sir Wm Stan- 
ley rescued Edward the Fourth 
from durance in Middleham 
Castle, then in the custody of 
the archbishop of York ; and ~~ 
when that monarch returned from exile, he was joined by sir Thos. Borough, and many others, (Tind. Rapin, i. 612, note 3.) 
who accompanied him to Barnet-field, where he became victorious. In 15 Edw. IV. this sir Thomas Borough had a licence 
from the crown to alienate half the barony and castle of Mitford, and divers lands in other counties. (///. . 387.) We also 
find him having 384 1 Is. 6d. for a quarter's wages for himself, and men at arms, and archers, in an expedition to France 
(Rymer, xi. 649) y and signing a truce between England and France, 13 August, 1475, in the " field beside a village called 
Seyntre within Vermondose, a litell from Peron." (Id. xii. 15.) 

tal, near Mitford, and lands in Ponteland, Little Ealand, 
Callerton- Valence, and Merdesfen. (///. ii. 277.) 

IX. SIR THOMAS BOROUGH was made a knight of the garter by Richard the Third ; SUMI-I-MARGARET, daur. of Thomas 
moned to parliament from 1 Sep. 1487, to 14 Oct. 1495, as Thos. Burgh, knight ; and occurs I lord Ross, of Kendal, and wi- 
20 Feb. 1485, as party to a treaty between Rich, the Third and the duke of Brilanny. (Rymer, dow of sir Thos. Botreaux. 
. 15.) His will Is dated 18 Feb. 1495 ; died in 1496; burled at Gainsborough. j_ 

X. 1. SIR EDWARD BOROUGH, knt. ; never summoned to parliament. Sir=f=ANNE, sole daur. & heir 2. THOMAS BOROUGH, 

Humphrey Lisle, knight, died 8 Henry VIII. seized of the manor of Felton, I of sir Thomas Cobham, 8. ELIZABETH, wife of 

which he held of sir Edward Burro, knight, as of the manor of Mitford. of Sterborough, knight, lord Fitz-Hugh. 

(Hart. MS. 2101, p. 239.) I 4. ANNE. 

XI. THOMAS LORD BOROUGH ; summoned to parliament from the 3rd of November,=f=ANNE, daur. of sir Wm Tirwhit, of 
1529, to September 8, 1552. I Kettleby, in the county of Lincoln. 

XII. ELIZABETH, daur. of sir David Owen, knt. Dugdale says=T=SiR THOMAS LORD BOROUGH. =ALICE survived her husband, 
she broke the bonds of wedlock, and had several children " by Will dated at Ewston, in co. and re-married to Edmund 
some other person, on which her husband obtained a special act I Suffolk, 14 Feb 4- Edw. VI. & Rokewood. Her will is dated 
of parliament 34 Henry VIII. for bastardizing them." (mentions his wife Alice. 24 March 1568. 

XIII. 1. HENRY, son and 2. " WILLIAM LORD BURGH." (Camden's Eliz. p. 209.)= 
heir, mentioned in his fa- In 4 Philip and Mary, a fine was levied between An- 
ther's will. thony Mitford, esq. and Cuthbert Mitford, gent, com- 
plainants, and sir Wm Burghe, knt., lorde Burghe, and 
Catharine his wife, deforceants, respecting property in Callerton, Ponteland, Mers- 
fen, Framlington, and Mitford, for which the Mitfords gave to lorde Burghe 525. 
(Cart. Ridl. 43, 44.) Wallis refers to this transaction, and says that lord Borough 
reserved to himself the site of the castle of Mitford & the royalties. -(Hist. North, a. 822.) 

CLINTON, knight ; dead 4 Edw. VI. 
daughter of 
Edward, 4. DOROTHY his daughter, 
earl of Lin- and sir Anthony Nevill, 
coin. his son in law, all men- 
tioned in her father's will. 

XIV. 1. SIR JOHN BURGH, knight, slew sir 2. THOMAS LORD BURGH, son and heir, sum- = 
Wm Drury in a combat, in the kingdom of moned to parliament from llth Jan. 5 Eliz. 
Navarre (Baker's Chron.); but was himself slain, 1563, to 14 Oct. 1597; ambassador to Scot- 
in his 32nd year, in an encounter with a rich land, 36 Eliz. ; and lieutenant in Ireland in 
Spanish ship, which he captured, March 7, 40 Elizabeth, in which year he died, f 

8. HENRY, slain by Thomas 

4. MARY mar. ... Bulkeley.f 

5. ELIZ. married ... Rider. f 

6. ANNE married sir Henry 
Ashley, knight, f 

died an infant. young. BURGH. Ason of lord Cobham. sir Drew of Francis Cop- Thos. Kn'jvet, esq. 

Drury. pinger. 


* t* Mutford, or Mytford, is the name of a parish in Suffolk ; but care has been taken in this account of the family of 
Mitford, of Northumberland, not to confound individuals of it with persons who derived their surnames from Mitford, in 
Suffolk. Sir John de Mutford, who was a judge in the time of Edward the Second, is the only person here noticed, concerning 
whose identity with the Mitfords of Northumberland a doubt might be entertained. The fact of his being a justice itinerant 
in the palatinate of Durham, during the episcopacy of bishop Kellaw, is no proof that he was a north country man, especially 
as two of his associates, Henry de Guldeford and Robert de Retford, evidently derived their surnames from places in the 
south of England. (See Hutch. Dur. i. 322.) I have also been unable, by any species of evidence, to attach Richard d<! Mitford, 
successively lord treasurer of Ireland, and bishop of Chichester and Salisbury, and John de Mitford, lieut.-constable of Bour- 
deaux in 1381, to the pedigree of Mitford, of Mitford ; the early part of which pedigree I have taken from heraldic sketches 
In the Harleian Manuscript, 1448, pp. 36 and 48. Branches of this family were also seated at Seighill, Stanton, and Newcas- 
tle ; but I have not been able to connect several individuals, chronologically noticed in the evidences to this pedigree, either 

* This name is frequently written Burgh, Brough, and Borrow. See Rymer's Foedera, x. 605, 648, where Thomas Borowe, merchant, of 
Lynn, was a commissioner to treat on mercantile matters with delegates of the Hans Towns, in 1435. 

f See Banks's Dorm, and Ext. Bar. ii. 68. 


with the parent stem, or any of its offsets. Several of them, there can be no doubt, ought to be identified with persons men- 
tioned in the early part of the pedigree; to which the second generation has been added, on the authority of a pedigree in the 
possession of lord Redesdale : but, as his lordship has observed to the author, " if Eustace, in the pedigree, be the person who 
had the grant in 1254," as noticed below in Evidences, No. 4, " and was the son of Peter, son of Nicholas, son of Matthew, 
the generations are uncommonly long." Indeed, the circumstance of Nicholas, son of Matthew, mentioned in No. 2, being 
living in 1240, shows that either the early part of this pedigree is Very erroneous, or that that Matthew was not the same as 
the one who is stated to have been alive at the time of the conquest, October 14, 1066. 

ARMS: Argent, between a fess sable three moles proper. (Cressuiell Tables.) 

I. SIR JOHN MITFORD, of Mltford, at the time of the conquest. ^ MATTHEW MITFORD, brother of sir John.=T= 

II- SIGIL, or SYBIL, daur. and sole heir, married Richard Bertram, son of the lord 11 ^ 1 NICHOLAS DE MITFORD : not men- 
of Dignam, in Normandy, who came into England with William the Conquei-or,/K tioned in the pedigree in the Harleian 
and from whom the Bertrams, barons of Mltford, as well as the Bertrams of Botbai, 
derived their descent. 


Mi'. 1448,/oJ. 36; but in one in the 
possession of Lord Redesdale. 


V. HUGH DE MITFORD, with whom the pedigree of the-p-CHRisTiANA, who granted 6d. a year out of land in Morpetb. 
Ponteland branch of this family in Harleiau MS. 1448, to the abbot of Newminster, for the good of her soul, and of the 
fol. 48, commences. j soul of Hugh, her husband. (Newm. Chart, fd. 134.) 



VIII. GILBERT DE MITFORD had a release 19 Edward III. from John de Bolam, of all right to two tenements in Bolam. =f= 

(Ex. inf. Joh. dam, de Redesdale.} I 


IX. SIR JOHN DE MITFORD, knight, was a person of very considerable note in his time. He had, by deed of feoffment,=r 
dated at Newton Hall, May 20, 1369, a grant from David de Strathbolgie, 13th earl of Athol, of all his lands and tenements 
in the ville of Molesden, to him and his heirs male, to be holden of the grantor and his heirs male, by the annual payment 
of 6d. ; with remainder, on the failure of heirs male in the grantee, to the earl of Atbol and his heirs. (Wallis, ti. 318.) In 
20 Richard U. sir John Scrope also granted to sir John MiUord and his heirs "one place of land, as it lieth before the 
front of the said sir John Mitford in length and breadth, and as it stands, betwixt the mansion of the said sir John and the 
mansion of the vicarage." (Ex. Inf. Joh. dom. Redesdale.) There is an indenture, in 1881, between John deNevill, lieutenant 
of Aquitaine ; and John de Mitford, lieutenant of the honourable and sage Richard Routier, constable of Bourdeaux, on the 
other part, about the payment of wages and other expences incurred in the wars in Aquitaine (Rymer, vii. 324) ; but this was 
probably the same John de Mitford who is mentioned in two other documents in Rymer (viii. 596, 597) as living in August, 
1409, after the death of John de Mitford, of Mitford, concerning whom, the Scotch Rolls from 1383 to 1407, contain upwards 
of 40 different documents in which his name occurs in mandates, writs, or commissions, empowering him to act in matters 
of a civil or diplomatic nature between England and Scotland. His name also occurs frequently in other records given in 
Rymer. (Feed. vii. 324; viii. 145, 150, 157, 323, #e.) From the kind of employment in which he was generally engaged, he 
seems indeed to have been bred to the law ; for, besides his being on numerous "treaties and embassies between England and 
Scotland, we find him mentioned as keeper of the seal to Edward Duke of York, for the liberty of Tindale, in 1386. (Harl. 
MSS. 1448, p. 226.) His name also occurs as a witness to a deed at Easthert way tori, in 1389 (//. . 285) ; and to another, at 
Tinmouth, in 1391. (Wallis, it. 261.) John de Mitford was also a trustee in the settlement made by Maud de Lucy, of all 
her lands, before 1398. (/</. 42.) He was frequently returned to parliament for Northumberland in the reigns of Edw. the 
Third, Richard the Second, and Henry the Fourth ;* and, in 1401, was high-sheriff of this county. In 1402, he witnessed 
one deed respecting Netherwitton, which was dated at Wichnor, in Staffordshire ; and another respecting the same place, 
and dated at it in July, 1405. (//. i. 324.) His death was on July 16, 10 Henry IV. 1409, when he was seized of the manor 
of Molesden, a capital messuage and lands in Mitford, a field called Ellulefield, 8 burgages in Morpeth, the manor of Espley, 
besides property in Benridge, Corbridge, Coupen, Bebside, & Each wick. (///. it. 265; Cot. MS. Claud. C. vii. ; Wallis, it. 327.) 

I I T 

X. WILIAM DE MITPORD, son andTMARGARET, daur. of ALEXANDER DE MITFORD, MARGARET married sir John Delaval, 

heir, was, at the time of taking the 
inquest after his father's death, up- 
wards of 40 years old. (Wallis, ti. 
327.) On July 5, 1410, he was made 
a commissioner of array against 
Scotland (Rymer, viii. 639) ; & 1415, 
was high sheriff of Northumber- 
land : for which county he also sat 
In parliament in the 2nd and 9th 
years of Henry the Fifth. The in- 
quest after his death was taken at 
Newcastle, 10 June, 1423, and sets forth that he died possessed in fee tail to him and his heirs male of the manor of " Mol- 
leston," by the gift and feoffment of David de Strathbolgie, late earl of Athol, in which manor was a capital messuage called 
" Molleston Park:" he was also seized in a close called Isehaugh, in Mitford, containing 16 acres, each acre being worth one 
penny a year, and 30 acres called Castle land, in the same township, also valued at a penny an acre, which manor and lands! 
he held of Henry de Percy, lord of Mltford. (Wallis, . 327, 328.) The Calendar of the Escheats, for the year of his death,] 

sir Robert Lisle, of living 41 Edw. III. 1867, son of sir Robert Delaval, by Jane his 

Woodburn & Felton. and from whom the MIT- wife, daur. of sir Henry Percy. 

She is mentioned in FORDS of PONTEL AND ALICE married John, son of Matthew 

the inquest after her DESCENDED. =f= Whitfleld, of Whitfield, who, by in- 

husband's death ; & A\ denture made in 1386, gave to them 

April 12, 1452, gave and their heirs certain tenements call- 

a power of attorney to Robert Worthey to give ed Elmeley, Milnbank, Taylor's Field, 

seizin of the whole ville of Bucliffe, and half the Cokesfield, Vlngvell-hill, & Newfield, 

hamlet of Portyet, in Hexhamshire, to her be- all in Whitfield (WhUfield Papers.) 

loved friend Gerard Woderington, esq. (Evid. 14u) 

* In 2 Henry IV. 1400, the king required several prelates, earls, barons, knights, and esquires, from several counties, to attend him and his 
council on the morrow of the Assumption then next to come, and the persons so summoned for Northumberland were monsr. Henry de Percy, 
monsr. Gerard Heron, monsr. Robert Ogle, Robert Umfreville, John Mitford, and David Holgrave. (Bib. Cot. Cleop. T. iii. 186J 



Issue of William de Mitt'ord and Margaret Lisle. 

has the following 1 enumeration of his property: Diverse messuages in Newcastle upon Tyne, the manor of Mollesden, a 
clause in Mitford, Newton and the vllle of Ellule, both then waste, the manor of Esple, besides possessions in Corbridge, 
Eachwick, Cowpen, Bokenfteld, Newbigging. Trenwell, Ponteland, Little Eland, Merdesfen, and Callerton- Valence. (///. 
ii. 270.) Occurs with his father as witnpss to a deed at Newcastle, 20 Jan. 1409 (//. i. 170.) 

XI. JOHN DE MITFORD, of Mitford, born 8 Ap. 1402 ; was consequently 21 years old in 1423. (Wallis, W.-T-CONSTANCE, dau. 

S28.) A probate of his age was taken in 1403. (///. . 270.) He gave tenements in Newc. to the chantry 
of St Thomas, in the church of St Nicholas, in Newcastle ; and, in 1325, lands in Eachwick, to the monks 
of Newminster (Wallis, ii. 309, 828) ; and died May 6, 1437, seized of the manor of Molesden and a capital 
messuage in Mitford, besides 28 other messuages and 108 acres of arable land, and 10 of meadow there, and 
a messuage and lands in Newton, all holden of Henry de Percy, lord of Mitford. (Wallis, ii. 328 . ///. a. 
276, 277.) 

of sir Robt. Ogle, 
living on the 6th 
of October, in the 
38th of Hen. VI. 

(See Kvitf. No. 
16; S; II. i. 384.) 

I ' 

XII. JOHN MITFORD, of Mitford and Molesden, was 24 years old at the time of taking the inquest after his father's death.=f 
in \^n. (Wallis, U. 328.) j 

XIII. BERTRAM MITFORD, of Mitford, released to the abbot and convent of Newminster, lands in Eachwick^ daur. 

(Netum. Chart, fol. 109) ; and 8 Henry VII. 1493, Bertram Mitford conveyed to John Wilson, of Weldon, and of ... Lisle, of 
others, all his lands in Newcastle upon Tyne and in Mitford, Molesden, Espley, Morpeth, Cowpen, Mersfcn, ' Felton. 
Bebside, and Newbiggen by the sea, in Northumberland ; and all his lands in Gainsborough, in Lincolnshire, " 
in trust, to convey to the said Bertram, and Gawen his son ; and if Gawen died without heirs of his body, half to remain to 
Margaret Bertram's daur. and the heirs of her body, and the other half to Joan Ayton, Bertram's other daur. and the heirs 
of her body, with cross remainders and remainder to Bertram and his heirs. (Note by Lord Redesdale.) 

XIV. GAWEN METFORTH, of Metforth, occurs in a list of gentlemen of the Middle Marches in-j- sister MARGARET, wife 

of Thomas of George Park- 

Forster, of enson. 

Ether- JOAN, wife of ... 

stone. Ayton. 

1560. In 10 Henry VIII. 1518, John Wilson, of Weldon, released to Gawen. son of Bertram, 
all the lands in the before-mentioned deed ; and Gawen granted to Geo. Parkenson and Mar- 
garet his wife, Gawen's sister, all his lands in High Callerton, three houses in Newcastle, and 
a tenement in Mersfen, for life. If this transaction was not effected under some compromise 
fcetw. Gawen & his sisters, it was a breach of trust. (Lord Redesdale.) He died in or abt. 1550. 

I 1 1 

XV. ANNE, daur.-r-l. CUTHBERT METFORTH, of Metforth, and Anthony Midfurth,=IsABELL, dau. of 2. ROBERT MITFORD. 

of Wallis, of I of Pont-Eland, occur in 1552 as commissioners for inclosure Mr Martin Fen- 3. MARGERY MITFOHD. 

Akeld. i on the Middle Marches. (Leg. March. 332.) In 1550 he had wick, and sister 

~ a grant from John Widdrington of a tenement and lands of Mr George Fen wick, of Heddon, all 
in Mitford, which had belonged to the abbey of Newminster, and were on that mentioned in Cuth. Mitford's will, 
account called Our Ladys Lands. (Wallis, ii. 329.) In 1531 one of the same name 

was sheriff of Newcastle. (Brand's Newc. ii. 441) ; and, in 1557, sir Win Burghe, knight, lord Burghe and Catharine his wife, 
by fine, conveyed to Anthony Mitford, esq. (? of Pontelan i) and Cuthbert Mitford, gent. 24 messuages, one water mill, 24 
gardens, 500 acres of arable land, 200 acres of meadow, 500 acres of pasture, 700 acres of heath, 400 acres of moor, and 10s. 
rent, in High Callerton, Ponteland, Mersfen, Framlington, and Mitford, for 525. (Cart. Rid. 48, 44.) In 1568, he is 
returned in Lawson (the Feodary's) Survey as proprietor of Mitford, Molesden, Espley, and lands in High Callerton and Ise- 
haugh. (Quat. Part. Nortkumb. fol. 17.) In 1575, he occurs as sole executor to the will of William Fenwick, of Horsiey 
(Raine's Test. 337) ; and, 1579, executor to the will of Wm Fenwick, of Mitford. (Id. 120.) His own will is dated 18 Jan. 
1593, and the inventory to his goods 22 April, 1594. The will directs his body to be buried at Mitford, and mentions among 
several others, Mr Ogle my son in law, Isabell my daughter, Jane Hudspeth my daughter, Margaret Pye my daughter, 
Thomas Pye her husband, my brother in law George Fenwick of Hedwin, Mr Martin Fenwick my father in law, Margery 
VTitford my sister, Robert Mitford my brother, and Cuthbert Mitford my son Robert's son. (Raines Test. 307.) The Harleian 
Manuscript, 1448, fol. 48, calls his son Robert "nothus natus," and, at fol. 36, makes " Anne Wallis, of Akeld," mother both 
of him and his three sisters Isabell, Jane, and Margaret : but this statement was returned to Herald's College by Anthony 
Mitford, of Ponteland, and signed only by himself. His object was to represent Robert son of Cuthbert as illegitimate, and to 
sbtain his estate, in both of which objects he failed. Sir Isaac Heard took much pains to investigate this subject, and found 
hat in the next visitation the return was altered, and Robert Mitford's legitimacy not only established by satisfactory proof, 
but his arms were certified without a difference, which could not have been done without evidence to subvert Anthony's 
representation being exhibited. 


divers p'sons to eate, drinke, and play att cardes in time Abbey. (See II. i. 330, Grey ped. gen. 2.) 

of eaveninge praier." (Id. 147.) 

I I I I I I I 1 

XVII. 1. CUTHBERT MITFORD, of Mitford,^MARY, daur. of Christoper 2. JOHN MITFORD, who lived at Mitford. 
is called " Cuthbert my soti Robert's son" Wharton, of Wingates- 3. WILLIAM MITFORD, of Clai 

in his grandfather's will. He died in the 
life time of his father. Inventory of his goods 
dated 20 Nov. 1613. Administration to his 
effects, 10 Dec. same year, mentions Chris- 
topher Wharton, grandfather of Robt. Mit- 
ford, his son, and Robert Mitford, father of 
the deceased. (Raine's Test. 163.) 

re Hall, Cambridge, and 

grange and Offertori, in co. rector of Kirby Overcar, Yorkshire. (WaUts,ii. 312.) 
Durham. She was a great See Evidences, No. 1H, for his children, 
niece of Bernard Gilpln, 4. ROBERT, living in 1615 ; married a dau. of Daniel 
the celebrated northern a- Collingwood, of Branton. 

postle. (Surt. i. 194.) She 1. BARBARA, wife of Geo. Fenwick, of Langshaws. 
and her husband both died 2. ELEANOR, wife of Dan. Collingwood, of Branton. 
at Mitford on the same day. 3. MARGARET, wife of Nicholas Heron, of Pigdon. 
(Wallis, ii. 312.) (Raint's Test. 164.) 

4. ISABELL, w. of Rich. Osmotherley. -(Wallis, ii. 312.) 

XVIII. ROBERT MITFORD, of Mitford Castlp, esq. aged 3 in 1615, and 54 in 1666. ^PHILADELPHIA, third daur. of Humphrey 
In 14 Charles I. 1638, Robert, son of Cuthbert Mitford, held of the king as of the | Wharton, of Gillingwood, co. of York. 

manor of Mitford, and by military service, four messuages and lands in Mitford, 1 

with lands in Newton-Underwood, and the reversion of the villes of Molesden and Espley. (Wallis, ii. 329.) In 1663, his) 
estate consisted of Mitford, Molesden, Newton-East-side, and lands at Espley, which altogether were assessed upon a] 
rental of 510 a year for county rate r(III. i. 324.) He acquired the castle and manor of Mitford by grant from Charles the! 
Second. (Wallis, ii. 329.) " Mr Robert Mitford, esq. of Morpeth," buried at Mitford, June 28, 1674. (Mitford Parish] 
Registers.) <ft 


Issue of Robert Mitford, esq. and Philadelphia Wharton. 
XIX 1. HUMPHREY MiTFounrPFRANCES, daur. of 2. CUTHBERT MITFORD, senior fellow 1. BARBARA, married Geo. Reve- 

of Mitford Castle, esq. eldest son 
and heir, aged 84 in 1666, oc- 
curs as one of a party to deeds 
respecting' property in Redesdule 
In 1670 and 1673 ; on Oct. 29 of 
which last year " Humphrey 
Mitford, juris-peritus, of Mit- 
ford," was buried there. * 

sir George Vane, of of Caius College, Cambridge, rector ley, of Newton Underwood and 

Lung Newton, in of Ingram in 1662 ; died s. p. Throphill : marriage settlement 

co. pal. Durham. 3. JOHN MITFORD, of London, mer- dated 29 July, 1654. (See under 

chant, married Sarah, dau. & co-heir Throphill.} 

of Henry Powell., of London, merchant : from which 2. MARY, wife of Geo. Tunstall, 

John and Sarah, the Mit lords of Exbury, and John M.D., who was appointed town's 

Mitford, BARON REDESDALE, of Redesdale, are de- physician of Newcastle on Tyne, 

scended. (See their Pedigree, II. i. 152, where John Mitford, Aug. 27, 1660. (Brand, it. 863.) 
the father of Lord Redesdale, should have been called eldest 3. ANNE, wife of Patrick Crow, 
son ; Robert, second son ; and William, third son.) of Roseden and Eshington, co. of 

4. EDWARD MITFORD, M.D., died s. p., and buried at Mitford, Jan 2, 1672,* aged 26. Northumb. He was buried in 
5. WILLIAM MITFORD, rector of Elsden. See an account of his family under Evid. No. 20. St Nicholas' church, Newcastle, 
6. MICHAEL MITFORD died young. where there is a Latin inscription 

to his memory. (Brand, i. 289.) 
4. ELEANOR, wife of Thomas Bewicke, of Close-house, In this county. 

5. ELIZABETH, wife of Coulson, of Jesmond. 

' I I I I I I " 1 \ I 1 

XX. 1. ROBERT MITFORD, of Mitford^ANNE, daur. of 2. GEORGE MITFORD, bap. 25 4. BARBARA, bap. Dec. 20, 1668, and 

Ashton, Oct. 1666. * 

buried May 14, J673.* 

of , in the 3. JOHN M. bap. 16 Jan. 1668; 5. FRANCES, bap. 10 Aug. 1671.* 

county of Lan- buried Aug. 31, same year.* 6. MARY, bap. 17 Oct. 1672.* 

caster. 1. ELIZ. MITFORD. 7. SARAH, daughter of Frances, relict 

2. PHILADELPHIA, buried at of Humphrey Mitford, esq. of Mlt- 

Mitford 2 November, 1673.* ford, baptised 11 December, 1673.* 
3. ANNE. 

Castle, esq. son and heir, aged 4 years 
in 1666. He was high sheriff of North- 
umberland 9 William III. 1697. This 
Robert and his brother George, and 
sisters Elizabeth, Anne, Frances, and 
Sarah, were left under the tuition of 
their uncle Lyonell Vane. 

XXI. 1. ROBERT MITFORD, of Mitford Castle, esq. High=pMARY, daur. of sir 2. EDWARD MITFORD; died in the East Indies, 
sheriff of Northumberland 9 Geo. I. 1723. He had some I Rich. Osbaldeston, S.WILLIAM MITFORD, of Petworth, Sussex, 

interest in Heaton colliery in 1738.--,'. Peck's View Book, of Hunmanby, co. married firstly, Herbert, by whom he had 

penes Straker,fol. 140.; He died July 20, 175<>. i of York, knight. no issue; secondly, ..., daur. of ... Wichor, by 

whom he had a son William Mitford, a clerk of 

the treasury, treasurer for the county of Sussex, and father of Charles Mitford, of Pitshill, esq. This William had also a son 
John, and three daughters, one of whom married Robert Mitford, father of Robert Mitford, of the treasury, and son of John, 
son of John, son of Robert Mitford, of Mitford, who died in 1674. (See Pedigree, II. i. 152.; 

4. JOHN MITFORD married Anne, daur. of sir George Mertius. This John was a banker and goldsmith in London ; trades 
first united by persons of affluence depositing their cash with the London goldsmiths, about the year 1645, when the out- 
rageous proceedings of parliament so entirely confounded all social order, that merchants could no longer, as in former times, 
trust their clerks and servants with their cash, and the monarchical power was so paralyzed that persons dared not to put 
their money, as they had before done, into the mint. 

5. ELIZABETH MITFORD married to Thomas Pomfret, of Stoney Stratford, in the county of Bucks. 

XXII. ROBERT MITFORD, of Mitford Castl,-pANNE, daur. of John PHILADELPHIA MITFORD married the Rev. ... Wichens, 
esq. aged 38 in 1756 ; buried at Mitford 18th i Lewis, late of the is- rector of Petworth, in the county of Sussex. Their son 

of January, 1784. * { land of Jamaica. took the name of Osbaldeston. 

I I 1 I 1 i 

XXIII. 1. BERTR. MiT-=rTABiTHA, daur. 2. JOHNMIT-=T= 
FORD, of Mitford Castle; I of... Johnson, of FORD, aged 6 
buried at Mitford 1 1 May, I Newc. ; buried in 1756. 
1800, aged 51. * at Mitford 22nd 

| Sept. 1794.* 

aged 3, 1756 ; living 1828. 

1. ANNE, aged 12, 1756=Rich. 

Shuttleworth, esq. co. Lane. 

4. ROBT. CLEMENT MITFORD, 2. MARY married Thomas Bui- 
baptized 23 Nov. 1760. lock, of Spital-hill, esq. 

XXIV. 1. BERTRAM MITFORD, of Mitford Castle, esq. ; bap. Dec. 17, 1777.* 1. ROBERT MITFORD ; married Letitia, daur. of 

2. ROBERT MITFOUD, a captain in the royal navy ; born Jan. 26, 1781.* Edw. Ludwick.M.D., & relict of AVmLaerenson. 

3. JOSEPH GEORGE MITFORD ; bap. 13 June, 1791 ;* in the military service 2. JOHN MITFORD, esq. London. 

of the East India Company. 3. BERTRAM MITFORD, esq. Horsley, Redesdale. 

1. MARIANNE; bap. 24 March, 1777:* married Lieut.-Colonel Atherton, of 
Walton Hall, in th<: county of Lancaster. 

2. TABITHA ; bap. June 28, 1778 :* buried at Mitford 5th August, 1779. 

3. LEWIS TABITHA ; bap. March 11, 1782 :* married, January, 1811, Prideaux John Selby, of Twizell House, esq./K 

4. FRANCES; bap. 4 July, 1784:* married George Mutton, esq. Carlton-on-Trent, Notts. 

5. JANE HONORA; bap. April 6, 1787:* married Meadows Taylor, esq. Harold's Cross, Ireland. 

1. Carta Rogeri Bertram. Karissimo domino suo 
H. regi Anglorum Rogerus Bertram salutem : Domine 
sciatis quod . vi . milites 1 dimidium habeo fefatos a 
tempore H. reg avi vestri per avum meum 1 patrem 
meum r t nullum per me quorum nomina haec sunt 
Radulfus de Sancto Petro tenet de me feod . ii . mill- 
turn Willelmus de Fraglinton unius militis Willel- 

mus de Diffleston . i . milit Wihelardus de Trophil 
. i . milit Johannes filius Simeon . i . mii Paganus de 
Hallesdure dim mii Et sciatis domine quod feodum 
meum non debet vobis servitium nisi tantum de .v. 
militibus. Valete (Hearne's Lib. Niger, p. 330.J 

2. Ego Rogerus Bertram concede et confirmo dona- 
cbem quam pater meus fecit canonicis Sancti Petri de 
Brinkbourne &c. Insuper ego Rogerus concede ex 

* Mitford Parish Registers. 



dono meo proprio pdictis canonicis ecctiam de ffelton 
cum ptin Preterea concede 1 dono predictis canonicis 
et hominibus suis in earundem elemosin infra ffelton 
schyram manentibus ex cuiuscunq, dono elemosinam ha- 
buerint vel adquirere poterint turn de me et heredibus 
meis quam de alijs communem pasturam per totam in- 
fra Felton schyram &c. et medietatem terre quam Eudo 
de Scauceby tenuit in ffelton in escambiam illius caru- 
cate terre quam dederam Alexandro avunculo meo in 
Aldwurth &c. Test' Baldwyno sacerdote . Erberto 
capett . Ric Bertram . Rofct Bertram . Rado de Sco 
Petro fBrinkb. Cart.fol. 3.J 

3. Omnibus sancte ecctte filiis clicis et laicis fteentibus 
1 futuribus Wittus Bertram saltm . Notum sit omni- 
bus vobis quod ego concedo et hac mea carta confirmo 
omnes donacbes quas fecit Willielmus Bertram auus 
meus et Rogerus Bertram pater meus deo et sancto 
Petro et canonicis de Brenkborne in perpetuam elemo- 
sinam libere 'tc. Insuper ecctiam de Felton 'Ic. et ter- 
ram de Aldewuith tc. Test. Ric. psona de Mitford . 
Johe frater eius de Eland . cum ceteris. (Id.) 

4. Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel auditur Rogerus 
Bertram dns de Mitford tertius saltm . Noverit uni- 
uersitas vra me quietum clamasse Priori et Conventui 
de Brenkburne sicut eorum ius imam partem silve que 
vocatur Linchewode quam quidem silvam quondam ha- 
buerunt ex dono "Witti Bertram proaui p mei has diuisas : 
scitt &c. Teste dno WiHo de Heron tune vie . dno 
Johe fil Symonis . dno Johe de Eslyngton . dno Jolie 
de Kirkby . dno Hugon Haysand . dno Rogero Man- 
dut . dno Waltero Heron . dno Roftto de Gamulthorp 
. Hug Vigur, (Id.) 



1, a. Adomarus de Atholl miles concessit reversion 
maner et foreste de Felton cum pertin Arnaldo de 
Pinkneo clerico, Rico Tytynsale clerico et Thome de 
Ingilby vicar de Bywett . et Maria de Sancto Paulo 
comitissa Pembf tenet ad terminum vite sue in dotem 
ex dotationem Adomari de Athel ratione concessionis 
eidem Adomaro de Athol per David Strabolgi comit 
D'athell inde facto. Dat. 20 Maij 44 Ed. 3 apud 
Westm. &c (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 100, b. See also III. 

*. 87.; 

' , 1, b. Maria de St Paul contesse de Pembroke dame 
de Weyo et de Montignac a tous &c. Come Arnaud de 
Pynkeny clerc, Richard Titenhall clerc, et Thomas de 

Ingilby vicar, del Eglise de Bywell, aient grantez a 
Aymer de Athell cter et Marie sa feme et a lours 
heyres males del corps du dit Aymer engendrez la re- 
version del manour et de la frieste de Felton ou les 
appurtenances a tenir de cheifs seignorage de fei par 
lez services eut accustumaz et duez . Et sil debie sans 
heire masle de son corps engendrez la reversion en- 
tierment remaigne a Rauf de Ever et a Isabell sa fem- 
me la fille le dit Aymer et a les heires males de los 
deux corps q si le dit Rauf debie sans heires masle du 
corps la dit Isabell engendrez q le reversion entier- 
ment remaigne au dite Isabelle et a les heires masles de 
son corps q si la dit Isabelle de vie sans heir masle de 
son corps engendrez quadonque la reversion entieri- 
ment rein a Rofit del Isle et a Marie sa feme et a les 
heires masle de los deux corps q si les diz Rofct et 
Marie devient sans heir masle de 16s deux corps engen- 
drez q a donqe le reversion del moytie de ditz manoir 
et foreste ove les appurt entieriment remaigne a les 
heires de corps le dit Rauf et Isabell sa femme et le 
reversion de 1' autre moite remaigne aux heires de 
corps le dit Rofit et Marie q si le dit Rauf et Isabelle 
devient sans heire de los corps engendrez q le moyte q 
le ditz Rofit et Isabel tiendront remaigne a les heires 
de corps les ditz Rofit et Marie et si le dit Rofet et 
Marie devient sans heir de lors deux corps engend q le 
moite quel affert a les heires de corps les ditz Rofct et 
Marie engendrez remaigne a lez heires du corps le ditz 
R. et I. engendrez q si les ditz Rauf et Isafi devient 
sans heires de los deux corps et si dit RoBt et Marie 
sa feme sans heire de los deux corps engendrez devient 
quadonge le reversion entier de ditz manoir et foreste 
&c. remaigne au droitz heires le dit Aymer de Athell 
&c. Sachez moi avour attornes et fait enter d'anne as 
ditz Mons. Aymer et Marie sa feme solonc la forme du 
grantz de la reversion avant dite. En tesmoigne &c. 
Done a notre manoir de la Mote le sisme jour de Mai 
1' an du regne le roi Edward tierz puis le conqueste 
quarante siz. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 103, b t 105.) 

2. A touz, &c. Adam fiz e heyr Gilfct de Stokesfeld 
saluz en Deu . Saches moi pur moi e pur mes heyrs 
auer quiteclame a sire Alisandre de Baylliol seignur de 
Bayrl 1 a dame Alianor deGenouer e a lur heyrs e a lur 
assignes e le don mon pere conferme d' un acre de tere 
a but de le stang de Biwell . E je Adam, lc. Warante- 
rons 'tc sicum le chartre Gilfet de Stokesfeld mon pere, 
*lc. par ces tesmoignes. dant Nichole priur a Brink- 


burne . Sire Rauf de Cotum . Sire "VVillame de Mid- 
dleton' . Sire Johan de Ogitt . Johan de Normauill . 
Rofct de Meyneuitt . Rog' de Areynes . Willame de 
Codherlin dunkes senescal de Biwell e autres assez. 
(Ex, Orig. ap. Dunelm.) 

3. A touz tc. Joh a n le fiz Elys de Stokesfeld, "tc. 
Sache vre vniQsite moi auer T g a nte t qte clame, T:c. a 
mo Seygnor me sire Robert de Estoutuitt t a ma 
dame Alyanor de GenoQe sa espouse tot le dreyt e le 
cleym q ieo auey e auer pooy en un acre de ?re r t en 
le loc 1 en la pescherie la quele ?re abut del estang' de 
Biwett en le sv del ewe de Tyne comnentaunt a les 
bundes q soit entre la rre Joh a n Normanuitt e ma ?re 
issi en long 1'ewe de Tyne enner le West p les deuises 
q la sont fetes issi q le auaunt dit sire Robert Estonte- 
uitt e Alyanor sa espouse 1 lur heyrs 1 lur assignee 
pusent en le auaunt dite acre de fre estang former . 
mesons edifier . qarrere briser karier e tout autre prou- 
fere a la volente le auaunt dit Sire Robert tc. saun nul 
contradit 1c. issi q ieo Joh a n tc. ne pousons rein de- 
mander ne chalenger en le auaunt dite acre de 9re ne 
en q a rrere ne en pescharie ne en loc rendaunt p an T;c. 
vn clou de Gylofre a Noel por touz autres seruises, 1c. 
p ceous tesmoygnes Sire Robert del yle . Sire Robert 
de Meyneuitt . Sire Rauf de Cotun chyualers . Joh a n 
de Normanuitt . Robert de Corfbrige . Simon de Was- 
kerlye. (Ibid.} 

4. " Robertus de Stoteville in com. Northumbr. die 
quo obiit apudMitford dieSabbali in vigiliaPentecostes, 
anno regni Edwardi 34, tenuit castrum de Mitford et 50 
acras terrse arabilis in campo ejusdem, et duas partes 
forestse de Felton, ratione Eleanorce de Stanour, quae 
fuit uxor ejusdem, quae quidemEleanora dictum castrum 
cum terra in forestse ejusdem, habet de dono dominae 
Eleanoiae quondam regina Angliae matris regis Angliae 
qui nunc est, tenend sibi et heredibus suis in capite, 
per servicium faciendi sectam ad com. Northumbr. Et 
idem castrum, cum terris arabilibus, et cum agestimen- 
tis past duarum partium forestae praedictae, valent per 
annum in omnibus extibus 35s. Filius praedicti Robert! 
et Eleanorae est propinquior heres praedictae Elianorae 
de terris et tenementis predictis, et est aetat anno 24. 
Escaet de anno 34 Ed. I."(Wallu, ii. 314.) 

5. John de Stutevyle fuiz 1 heir mouns r RoEt de 
Stutevyle a toutz sez fraunk tenauntz 1 autres de 
Mithford 1 Mulston T; Felton en le counte de North- 
umbr' salutz en Deu . Come par counge me seign r le 


roy ay done 1 par ma chre conferme a noble homme 
mounsr Aymar de Valence counte de Pembrok t a ses 
heirs mon chastel 1 le manoir de Mithford ensemble- 
ment ove YOZ homages feautez rentes 1 toutz voz au- 
tres Svises que feir moy deniez ou fier soliez pur vos 
tenementz avaunt ditz par quey voz mamk t voz as- 
signe p ceste lettre qe au dit counte t a ses heires 1 a 
ses assignez seez entendautz t responauntz en totes 
choses desoremes auxi come a vostre seign r . En tes- 
moign aunce de quen chose ieo voz enney ceste ire pa- 
tente de moun assignement enseale de moun seal . 
Escrites a Loundres le vintisme jour de Februar' 1' an 
du regne le Roy Edward oytisme. (From the Orig. in 
the Tower ) communicated by Mr Raine.) 

6. Omnibus Johes de Stuteuill noueritis me quietu 
clamasse Ade de Meyneuitt T; hered, T;c. totum jus in 
omnibus ris t ten. stagnis ac piscarijs in aqua de Tyne 
f lc. in tritorijs villa"? de de By well 1 deStokesfield Hijs 
testu>3 Johe de Insula de Wodeburn . Jo*te de Vallibj . 
Johe de Haulton . Rofeto de Insula de Chipches . mi- 
litibs . Johe Gray de Walyngton . Johe Turpyn . Jofee 
de Matfen . Roftto de Boteland . Thoma de Botcland . 
Ada de Mickeley ch'co . "t alijs . Dat' apud Eboi? die 
M'cur px post festu Sci Martini in hyeme anno dni 
1318. (Ex. Orig. apud Dunelm.) 

7- 3 Hen. 4. Adomarus D'athell mil ten' ma de Pon- 
teland p vita Revsio inde Jo. le Scrope militi *t Eliza- 
bethe uxi ejus & hedibj ipius Eliz. Et pdca Eliz. est 
heres 1 set. 30 annoi? (Raine's MSS. ; and MS. 16, 
Coll. Libr. Dunelm.) 

MEMBERS of the MITFORD FAMILY not connected 
with it by evidence, and EVIDENCES to the Mit- 
ford Pedigree : 

1. RICHARD DE MITFOHD and John his brother, 
witnesses to a deed of Eustace de Balliol, in the time of 
king John. fill. ii. 91.) 

2. NICHOLAS, the son of Matthew, held half a caru- 
cate of land in Mitford, by the payment of one pound 
of pepper. This is from the account of the soccage 
tenants in the barony of Mitford, made about the year 
1240 (see III. i. 216) ; and lord Redesdale has an ex- 
tract from the Register of Newminster, which shows 
that " Steven d'Ever, alias Evry, rector of Mitford, by 
the consent of the bishop of Durham, exchanged certain 
tithes with the abbot and convent of Newminster for a 
parcel of land called the Harestanes, which land the 




abbot had by the gift of Nicholas, son of Matthew de 

3. PETER DE MITFORD, son of Nicholas, by deed, 
without date, gave lands to Christiana his daughter, in 
frankalmoigne ; and if she died without issue, to re- 
main to her sister Isabell (Ex. inf. Joh. Dom. de Redes- 
dale.) Peter de Mitford also bought the ville of Giant- 
Lee of Roger Bertram, in the time of Henry III., and 
sold it to one William de Astentoft.////. t. 91.; 

4. EUSTACE DE MITFORD, 38 Henry III. 1254, had 
a grant of lands in Mitford (part of the demesnes) from 
sir R. Bertram, for whieh he was to pay a pound of 
pepper at the feast of St Cuthbert. 

5. WILLIAM DE MITFORD oecurs as a witness to a 
deed with Richard de Craucester, who was knighted by 
Edward the First. (North Hebburn Deeds at Durham, 
fat. 58. j 

fe ROBERT DE MTTFORD occurs as a witness to a 
deed in 1259 (Brand's Newc. i. IQj ; as a bailiff of New- 
castle in 1264, in which year we also find him witness- 
ing a deed respecting Newcastle bridge (Id. . 40; ; 
mayor of Newcastle in 1282 ; again as bailiff in 1294 : 
as.witness to a deed made between 1 293 & 1295 (F. 69) ; 
and, in 1300* he began to turn his feet heavenward, 
for in that year he seems to have had a licence for giv- 
ing a rent of six marks a year in Twysell for founding 
a.chantry.r-fl//. L 53.; 

7* GILES (Egidius) DE MITFORD was a law-man, and 
iu 1208 pleaded the cause of John de Ireby, who had 
suborned the jury to make a false presentment in their 
verdict, in a tiial relative to the outrage at Mitford, in 
which Hugh de Eure's servant wa* murdered, and Ag- 
nes de Benrigg's house buint. ( See Mitford Castle. ) 

8. SIR JOHN DE MITFORD, whose name is also vari- 
ously written Motteford and Mutford, was advocate for 
the crown in the pleadings under the statute de quo 
warranto at the assizes at Canterbury, in l29&(Plac, 
d*.q* war. 353i %e.) He also occurs as attorney-general 
of England in 1293 and 13<H. (Beats. Pol. Ind. i. 432.; 
This I, take to be the same person as John de Mitford, 
who. was one ofi.the four justices itinerant for the bishop- 
ric of Durham during the pontificate of bishop Kel- 
lawe, from 1311 to 1316* in< which last year he and 
Gilbert de Roubery were made puisne judges of the 
common pleas of England. (III. ii. 364.; He also 
occurs as one of the lung's justices at the assizes at 
York, in 1320 (II. i. 241; , and, as puisne justice of 
the king's bench, in 1 Edw. III., Wm de Herle being 

at the same time appointed chief justice of that depart- 
ment of law. (III. i. 366. ) Edward the First made 
great improvements in the laws of England ; and the 
choice of so many Northumberland persons to fill the 
bench in his, and the two succeeding reigns, affords a 
sort of proof that the courts of law in the bishopric of 
Durham, and the several other franchises in Northum- 
berlandj were skilful nurseries of students and practi- 
tioners in the legal science. (See II. i. 264.; 

9. ADAM MITFORD gave a letter of attorney, 12 
Edw. II. to put Richard Reed, of Mitford, in possession 
of lands in Mitford : dated at Oxford, and sealed with 
the mayor of Oxford's seal. (Ex. inf. Joh. Dom. de 
Redesdale. ) 

10. GILBERT DE MITFORD, late wool-weighei 1 hi 
Newcastle upon Tyne, was made deputy comptroller of 
the customs in that port in 1331 fill. ii. 400.; In 
r347, one of the same name, and a burgess of Newcas- 
tle, had a grant of a cellar there. (Bourne's Newc. 131. ; 

1 1. RICHARD DE MITFORD, keeper of the hospital of 
St Mary Magdalene, near Berwick, 21 June, 1361 
(Rot. Scot. i. 8&TJ; and, 10 Rich. II., one of the king's 
chaplains, committed to prison. (Hoi. Chron. Eng. p. 

12. HUGH DE MITFORD had an annual pension pay- 
able to him out of the hospital of St Mary Magdalene, 
in Newcastle, prior to the year 1374. (Bourne's Newc. 
151.) A deed in Gateshead vestry, dated in 1380, 
mentions one tenement let to Henry Scot, burgess of 
Newcastle, boundering on the north by the Tyne, and 
on the west by a tenement of Hugh de Mytford : arid 
another tenement demised to the same Scot, and lying 
between the tenements of Hugh de Mytford on the 
north, and reaching from the king's highway in Gates- 
head to the brink of the Tyne. Henry Scot was a re- 
presentative of Newcastle in parliament in 1373. Dug- 
dale, in his History of Embatifcih'g and Draining (p. 
158) cites a commission, dated in 10 Rich. II. 1386-7, 
to J. de Markfoam, G. de Sbutheld, Hugh de Mitford, 
and others, respecting the drainage of land between 
Gainsborough and Burton Strother. Bertram Mitford, 
(Mitford Pedigree, gen. XIII.) had lands at Gains- 

13. WILLIAM MITFORD, of Scarborough, 7 Hen. VI. 
1 428-9, granted to John Mitford (son of William, son 
of John) a rood of land in Mitford, lying next the tene- 
ment of John Saltider, on the west side of the way that 

leads to Newton. (Communicated by Lord Redesdale.) 


14. Noverint universi per gsent me MARGERIAM DE 
MITFORD uxor quondam Wittmi Mitford, atornasse R. 
Wortley ad deliftand selam dilto amico meo Gerardo de 
Woderington armigero in tola villa mea de Bucliffe et 
in dimidia pte hamletti de Portyet infra libertatem de 
Hexham . Dat. 12 Apr. 30 Hen. 6, 1542 (Lansd. MS. 
326, /o/. 161, 6.) 

15. Sir William Swinburne, knight, by deed, dated 
20 Ap. 24 Hen. 6, 1446, granted to ROBERT MITFORD 
all his lands, &c. in Altyrcopys, in lledesdale, with its 
members ; and, on the same day, gave a power of at- 
torney, dated at Altircopis, to Thomas Corbet and John 
Grenn, to put the said Robert into peaceful possession 
of that estate : but, on the day following, Mitford, by 
indenture between the parties, covenanted to allow sir 
William to re-enter upon the premises as soon as he 
had paid to him, or his heirs, in the church of St Mary 
Magdalene, at Whalton, the sum of 10 marks. (Swvnb. 
Charters, i. p. 55.) Sir Robert Mitford, knight of the 
shire for Northumb. in 1450; in 1452, high-sheriff ; 
and, in 1457, a commissioner for raising archers in the 
same county. (Brand's Newc. 42, 426.) 

16. " This endenture made sext Octolbre" 38 Hen. 
C, 1459, " bituix CONSTANCE that was the wyfe of 
JOHN MITFORD late of Mitford vppon that oon pty 
and John Mitford son & heir to the said John vppon 
that other pty witnesses that it is aggreed bituix the 
said ptyes that the said Constance shall haue &c. in the 
name of hir dower to hir belongyng of & for the third 
ptes of all the landes & tenementes that were the said 
Johns the fadrie in Mitford Esple Newcastell uppoh 
Tyne Coupon Bebside Morpath & Iveshalgh & xlvij 8 
\\\jd at the fest &c. by even porcions yerely duryng hir 
said lyfe . that is to t>ay . Of a burgage in Mitford 
wherein Thomas Stevenson now dwelles iiij 8 . Of a 
burgage in the same towne wherein llott Lee nowe 
dwelles iiij 8 . Of a burgage in the same towne wherein 
William Stuble nowe dwelles iij 8 . Of a burgage in the 
same towne wherein James Care now dwellfs iiij 8 . Of 
a burgage in y 6 same towne yat Thomas Champray 
holdes xx d . Of a burgage in Morpath wherein John 
Whelpdale now dwelles vj viu'd . Of a tenement in the 
said Newcastell wherein John Saunderson now dwelles 
x s f t of the landes & tenementes that William Care 

nowe holdes to ferme in Iveslagh xiij 8 iiij d . & the fore- 
said John ye son graunts &c." (Stanton Paper*.} 

17- THOMAS MITFORD, of Mitford, in 1461, enfeoffed 
Thomas Harbottle, and others, in all his lands in Mit- 
ford, to certain uses (Communicated by Ld. Redesdale.) 

18. WILLIAM MITFORD, son of Robert and Phila- 
delphia Wharton, was rector of Kirby-Mispeiton, in 
Yorkshire, and married Jane, daughter of Dr Banks. 

by whom he had 

i } \ ' 

1. HENRY, married a daughter of Staveley, 

of Rippon Park. 

2. MATTHEW, married ...,.., daur. of Wood- 
ward, of Wrelton, near Pickering. 

3. EPWARD, married , daur. of Craddock. 

1. MARY, married Aselby, of South Dawton. 

2. MARGARET, married Strangeways, of 

Sneaton, in Yorkshire. 

3. FRANCES, married Nesfield, of Scarborough. 

4. HELENA, married the Rev Tate. 

(Lord Redesdak.) 

v -.,...... ,..*_ ',: 

19. WILLIAM MITFORD, clerk, M. A., rector of Mit- 
ford, had, in 1683, a licence to marry Jane Aynsley, 
spinster, at Whelpington (Rainess Test. 103), the re- 
gister for which place contains no entries of marriages 
for that, and some succeeding years. 

20. WILLIAM MITFORD, 'clerk, M. A., was presented 
to the rectory of Elsden, March 13, 1674, by Frances, 
widow of Humphrey Mitford, of Mitford. Hjs wife's 
name was Isabella. He died at Elsden, April 20, 17,15 
and she, in 1725 ; and both of them were buried there. 
They had four sons and five daughters, viz. : 

1. MICHAEL MITFORD, bap. 13 Oct. 1692. Michael 
Mitford, clerk, and Eliz. Sha'ftoe, both of Whick- 
hain, in the county of Durham, had 17 Jan. 1718, 
a licence to marry. (Raine's Test. 75.) 

2. WILLIAM M. bap. May 28, 1695. 

3. HUMPHREY M. bap. 15 April, 1696. 

4. ROBERT M. bap. July 10, 1697- 

1. MARY M. bap. 27 July, 1689. 

2. PHILADELPHIA M. bapl 30 July, 1691. 

3. ISABELL M. bap. 28 Sept. 1693. . .. a 

4. ELIZABETH M. bap. 26 Jan. 1698; buried 28 
July, 1699. 

5. ANNE M. bap. ... September, 1701. 

(Elsden Registers.} 


The present township of Mitford comprises, I apprehend, the antient 
manors of Mitford and Aldworth, k the former of which was partly situated 
on the south side of the Wansbeck, but principally in the tongue of land 
which lies between the Wansbeck and Font. The whole township consists 
of about 1733 acres, and belongs to Bertram Mitford, esq. with the exception 
of the glebe ground in Gubeon, 273 acres on Morpeth High Common, which 
belong to the earl of Carlisle, and a tenement in the village of Mitford, which 
is the property of Mr Bullock, of the Spital Hill. By the survey of the ba- 
rony in 1240, it does not appear that there were any tenants in the manor of 
Mitford who then held by military service under the chief lord ; but it had three 
soccage tenants in it at that time Nicholas, the son of Matthew, who held 

k The name of Aldworth is of frequent occurrence in old papers, but its place seems to be 
forgotten. William Bertram the Second confirmed to the monks of Brinkburn the church of 
Felton, and land in Aldworth (Supra, p. 48) ; which land was probably the same as the carucate 
in Aldworth confirmed to that house by a charter of king John, in 1200 fill. ii. 328^; and which 
Roger Bertram had exchanged with them for another carucate in Felton, for the purpose of giving 
it to his uncle Alexander. (Above, p. 48. ) Another statement says that, Peter the Priest, son of 
John, parson of Mitford, confirmed to the abbot and convent of Newminster the grange of Aid- 
worth. The vicar of Mitford, in 13 11, had also an endowment out of the rectorial possessions of his 
parish, of 12 acres of land in the fields of Aldworth. (Above, p. 29. ) But this manor was not 
wholly in the possession of ecclesiastics. Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Corbet, 28 Henry III. the 
heir of Roger Bertram being then in the custody of the king, gave 7s. 4d. for her relief for a 
carucate of land in Aldworth. (III. ii. 281.^ In 1240, this place is reckoned as one of the 
manors of the Mitford barony, of which William Corbet then held in it, by the soccage tenure of 
paying four barbed arrows, four oxgangs of land ; and Peter of Aldworth, one carucate, by 13d.~ 
(III. i. 216.; The Ogle family also held lands and tenements here in 1368, 1372, and 1410 
(HI. i. 83, 86 ; ///. iL 266,) ; which lands consisted of 50 acres, as would appear by the inquest 
after the death of Robert Ogle, in 1 436-7. (HI. ii. 272.) Henry de Percy, of Athol, is stated 
to have died seized of East Aldworth in fee tail, in 1433 (Wallis, ii. 319; ; of which place his 
wife's mother had been in possession in 1373. (III. i. 87. ) In the Mitford Call Roll, from 
1666 to 1668, " Aldworth or Ealdworth" follows " Gubeon or Gudgeon," with " Charles earle of 
Carlisle, and Matthew Laidler," as landlord and N tenant. The circumstances of Aldworth follow- 
ing Gubeon, and the vicar of Mitford having 12 acres of land allotted to him in Aldworth, in 1311, 
and enjoying at present about the same number of acres, called Gubeon, seems to show that 
Gubeon was antiently a parcel of the manor of Aldworth> and consequently that the true situation 
of that manor was in that part of the present township of Mitford, which is comprised of Gubeon, 
Morpeth High Common, and the Coldsides. The Grange of Aldworth, which belonged to the 
monks of Newminster, was probably situated in the present estate of Morpeth High House. 


half a carucate of land, by the payment of a pound of pepper ; Wm Mares- 
chal 15 acres, by the service of paying certain horse trappings ; and Wm Pole 
12 acres, by 2s, : the borough holders are not enumerated either in that, or 
any other document, though they were probably, next to the baron himself, 
the most considerable persons within the manor. Lord Redesdale thinks 
that " the original possessions of Matthew, the son of John lord of Mitford, 
whose daughter Sigil married Richard Bertram, are riot mentioned in any 
statement of the barony, in inquisitiones post mortem, or other documents of 
the same description, because they were not held of the barony, having been 
the portion of the younger brother under the Saxon government : for, when 
William the Conqueror gave the lands of John de Mitford with his daughter 
in marriage to Richard Bertram, he required Bertram to hold those lands by 
the service of five knight's fees, as all the Normans who acquired lands in 
the same way were required to hold them by such services ; but the portion 
of Matthew not being derived from the Conquest, was not subjected to mili- 
tary tenure. It, therefore, appears in no inquisition respecting the property 
of the Bertram family, or the subsequent possessors of that property, which 
Richard Bertram held by the service of five knight's fees : but when sir John 
Mitford died, 10th Henry the Fourth, seized of Molesden, Espley, and other 
lands, which he held of the crown as chief lord of the fee, an inquisition was 
taken of all his lands, including his lands in Mitford, which had been the 
property of Matthew, not alienated by Matthew, or his prior descendants." 
Sir John de Mitford, who purchased Molesden, and died in 1409, was pro- 
prietor of a capital messuage and certain lands in Mitford, probably the same 
as those which are described in the inquest after his son William's death, as 
consisting of an inclosure called Isehaugh, 1 and 30 acres of castle land. William's 
son, John de Mitford, in addition to a capital messuage, had 28 other mes- 
suages, and 108 acres of arable, and 10 acres of meadow ground, in Mitford, 

1 By the Mitford pedigree, it will be seen, that Isehaugh is frequently mentioned as a possession 
of that family. Was it the field that is now called Adder shaugh, which consists of about 16 acres, 
and lies on the south side of the Wansbeck, opposite to the present village of Mitford ? Some of 
the inquests and authorities respecting the possessions of the Mitfords also mention a place or 
ville in the manor of Mitford, .called Ellulle, or Ellullejield, which place belonged to them in 1423, 
and was then lying waste, and of no value. Perhaps all these places derived their name from their 
situation on water, or by a river side. 



all holderi of Henry de Percy, of Athol. In 1550, Cuthbert Mitford pur- 
chased of John Widdrington, lands and tenements in Mitford, which were 
called Lady's lands, from their having heloriged to the abhey of Our Lady, at 
Newrninster. This transaction was probably effected about the time of his 
father's death ; for, in a court baron, holden at Mitford, in the name of the 
lord Brough, in 1552, it was presented by homage that Cuthbert Mitford held 
of the lord of the manor lands and tenements, for which he paid relief. m It 
was to this Cuthbert, and Robert his son, then a minor, and about three 
years old, that the lord Brough, by fine, conveyed, as noticed in the pedigree of 
the family, very considerable possessions, probably all the lands of the manor of 
which the Mitford family had not been previously possessed. It ought, however, 
to be remarked, that the quantities enumerated in the fine, and quoted in the 
pedigree, are to be considered, as in all similar documents, as merely formal, 
and without any pretension to numerical exactness. In 1663, " Mr Mitford, 
of Mitford," is assessed for the whole township upon a rental of 300 a year, 
with the exception of the rectory, assessed at 100 a year. n It is probable, 
however, that there were two or more freehold proprietors of tenements here 
about that time ; for, in the Call Roll, already alluded to and quoted, the 
freeholders in Mitford stand thus : " W ra Bullock, sen r . gent. d. V/" 1 CJIoefr 

Robt. Dalleston 

jun r . a. W m Waffd gent. A Jane Cfiopc. ... .ds. ap." ; and of the " tenants 
y r " " George Batchellour, gent. ap. W m Heaton, a. d. ap. John Charlton 


a. ap. GQWOH A Bates d. ct ap. John Aynsly, d. ap." 

Wallis was mistaken when he said that the CASTLE OF MITFORD stands 
" on a mount, the work and labour seemingly of art :" for the eminence 
which it occupies is composed of a stratum of coarse, yellow, sandstone rock, 
covered with a natural bed of clay, mixed with sand and gravel, and about 10 
feet thick. This rock has been, in antient times, much worked away on the 
east and south-east sides of the mount, probably for stones for building and 
repairing the castle, as well as for forming ditches and rocky escarpments to 
strengthen its out-works. Mr Mitford 1 has also of late years procured large 
quantities of stones for the foundations and inner walls of his new mansion- 
house, from a quarry, which has opened a fine section of the south side of the 

m Notes by Lord Redesdale. n III. i. 284. Page 38. 


hill, and is now working within the area of the castle walls. The form of 
the mound is somewhat elliptical, and the great wall of the castle encircles 
the whole area of its summit in a line conformable with its brow. The keep 9 
is on its highest point, and at its northern extremity ; is five-sided, each side 
being of different dimensions, and the internal area about 22^- feet square, 
and divided into two vaulted rooms of good masonry, having a stone stair- 
case leading to them. One of these rooms is supplied with two ducts in its 
wall, apparently for the purpose of conveying water to it. These cells are 
the only remains of the keep, all the upper parts of which, as well as the out- 
side stone staircase, leading to the entrance door into its second story, are 
destroyed, and nothing now remains of it but the two cells already noticed. 
The entrance to the little court which surrounded it was from the second court, 
by a gate- way, through a thick barmkin of stone, flanked on the south by a 
strong semicircular breast- work of earth. This was the strongest part of the 
fortress, and overlooked the outer gate-way and court, which stood on the most 
northerly limb of the hill, and almost close to the Foss bridge : but all traces 
of this gate- way, and of the walls of the outer court, excepting some lines of 
their foundations, are now obliterated. The inner court occupies the main 
part of the crown of the hill, is now employed as a garden and orchard, and 
measures, in the widest parts, about 240 feet, both from north to south, and 
from east to west. This part, with the keep, to the outside of the walls, con- 
tains very little more than an acre. The gate-way leading to it was on the 
north-east side of the hill, and the channel five yards long, for the bar of its 
gate still appears in the wall there. Mr Robert Tate, when he made a plan 
and survey of this castle for sir David Smith, in 1810, found a quarry working 
at the southern point of the inner court ; and, in the earth upon its top, saw 
several graves at about three feet from the surface, each grave being covered, 
close above the remains, with a few flat stones. None of the interments which 
he saw had apparently been made in coffins, except one, which was in a coffin 
of stone. In May, 1828, on the place where Mr Tate marked upon his plan 
an oblong building, " supposed the chapel" the foundations of a strong wall, 
buried in rubbish, appeared in the front of the quarry ; and, behind it, in the 

P The keep of Mitford Castle resembles Exeter, which is supposed to have been Roman work ; 
and, it is very probable, from the appearance of the stone arch, that the Romans had a fortress 
there, though of small dimensions. Note by Lord Redesdale. 


natural earth, a grave was exposed, in which bones, mixed with kitchen ashes, 
were encased in rough masonry ; and, immediately above them, five human 
skulls, and other bones, confusedly huddled together, were hanging out of the 
bank remains of men who had perished within the castle walls of the baron 
of Mitford ; but whether they fell in some mutiny of the garrison, or in the 
fury of an assault, or by the midnight hand of murder, who shall conjecture ? 
All, however, who were buried here, had not lived to become warriors ; for, 
in the autumn of the same year, we found among the rubbish which had fall- 
en from the top of the quarry, the jaw-bone of a child, every way perfect 
excepting in its wanting the full complement of grinders, and some of its 
second set of fore-teeth being only just above the bone. How much is there 
for reflection in the fate and situation of these remains of mortality ; and, 
when I suffer imagination, only for a little time, to lift up the curtain of 
history, and think I see from the opposite bank to the south the armies of 
Scotland investing the moated plain upon which this fortress stands ; when I 
see showers of arrows and javelins flying round its bulwarks, the neighbouring 
hamlets and villages wrapped in flames, and hear the clashing of arms and 
the shouting of the besiegers and the besieged how grateful it is to gaze 
again, and see the peaceful scene as it now is the ruined keep, and its semi- 
circular wall that flanks it on the south overgrown with trees and weeds ; 
the massive rampart that incased it on the north, " split with the winter's 
frost ;" the rude walls and towers that environed the hill, rising in shattered 
masses among elder trees and thorns, or shadowed with groups of gigantic 
ash trees ; the moated and entrenched plain covered with cattle ; and, away 
beyond, the beautiful white walls of the new manor-house, the hoary remains 
of the old one, and the venerable church, backed with orchards and gardens, 
and river banks, all how lovely and luxuriant ! But the account of Mitford 
Castle must not be borne away in a flood of imagination : history must relate 
its annals in her own sober language. No mention of it occurs prior to the 
time of the Conquest, though I think it probable that it existed very soon 
after that period ; for its form and style are purely Norman, and the barony 
annexed to it not only paid cornage to the castle of Newcastle, which was 
built by William Rufus ; but the manors of Framlington, East Aldworth, 
North Milburn, Bitchfield, Poriteland, Little Eland, Calverdon-Darains, 


Merdesfen, and Molesden, paid castle ward to the castle of Mitford itself ; q 
services which, I apprehend, could not have a later origin than the time of 
Henry, the son of the Conqueror, when the first Norman baron of this place 
was enfeoffed in his seigniory, and the compact for services between him and 
the military tenants under him was first agreed to. William the Lion, king 
of Scotland, who began to reign in 1165, and died in 1214, dated a charter 
at Mitford, conferring freedom from toll, and other privileges, in his own domi- 
nions, upon the monks of Durham, according to a grant of his brother Mal- 
colm ; r and king John, in his desolating march into Northumberland in 1215, 
on the 28th of December in that year, laid the towns of Mitford and Morpeth 
in ashes. 5 It is not said that he reduced the castles of these places ; but if 
they suffered under the hands of his fierce auxiliaries, it is certain that Mit- 
ford was soon after repaired, and put into a very strong state of defence ; for 
Alexander, king of Scotland, in May, 1217, marched into England with his 
whole army, and after besieging the castle of Mitford in vain for seven days 
together, returned into his own dominions. 1 In 1284, it was the residence of 
Robert de Stutteville ; for, by the record of a pleading at Newcastle, in Hil- 
lary term, 1293, it appears that a dispute having risen between Hugh de 
Eure, then proprietor of Throphill, and this Robert de Stutteville, respecting 
a tenement, which the same Hugh had acquired of de Stutteville there, the 
latter was charged with having retained four wrangling fellows of the neigh- 
bourhood, called Roger of Heley, Reynold the Brewer, Richard le Graper, 

i Wallis, ii, 315, 319. r Raine's North Dur. apx. 10, No. 48. 

8 " Mitford was burnt by king John and his Roitiers, when they grievously harassed these 
parts. Roitier was a name given in that age to those foreign maurauding troops brought over to 
the king's assistance by Fulcasias de Porent (or de Breaut) and Walter Buc." (Camden.) " The 
Rutarii are mentioned by our historians in the reigns of Henry II., John, and Henry III. They 
seem to have been mercenary troops. Newbrigiensis, a contemporary writer, says, the king sent 
for stipendarias Brabantionum capias quas Rutas vacant. Watts, in his Glossary, derives the name 
from the German Ruter, a trooper or horseman. Rott, in German, whence our rout, is a company 
of soldiers; Rotten, or Rottiren, to muster ; and Rotteneister, a corporal. Brabantiones and Rup- 
tarii, or Rutrarii, were almost synonymous.* The French call them Routiers ; and they were 
probably made up of peasants, whom they call Roturiers"^ (Additions to Camden, Hi. 
* Mail. Chron. Gale's Rev. Ang. Script, i. 1 94. 

* Jac. de Vitriaco in Hist. Occid. c. 7- Invit. I. 72, 1173. M. Paris, 128. 
j- Du Conge v. rumpere. 



and Robert of Tindale, to prevent de Eure from taking possession of the 
premises ; and that while the dispute was pending, certain persons of de 
Eure's household, namely, Stephen the Baker, Roger le Ken, and Robert 
Scot, having come to Mitford on the Lord's day, March 26, 1284, at the hour 
of evening, between the dog and the wolf, Roger of Heley and his three com- 
panions fell upon them with swords, arid bows and arrows ; upon which they 
fled to the house of Agnes of Benerigg, in the street in Mitford which led 
towards Mitford Park, of which house, in their terror, they barred the door, 
and there secured themselves, till Heley and his associates set fire to the 
house, and burnt it ; upon which several of the family of Robert de Stutte- 
ville, by the order and sending of Alianora his wife, viz. : Sir Robert Fag- 
gard, knight, John de St Edward, John le Ken, James of the lady's ward- 
robe, Peter the page of Robert son of Robert de Stutteville, Roger the page 
of John de Mikley, Wankeline the porter, Colin the watchman," and Belet 
the baker, came to the assistance of the assaulting party, aided them in slay- 
ing Stephen the baker, and consented to the burning of the house, inasmuch 
as they would not permit the people of the town of Mitford to come near to 
put out the fire. Besides which, after committing these crimes, they all 
returned in one company to Mitford Castle, where they were received and 
kept for four days, the said Robert and Alianora being privy to the felony thus 
committed. The four hired bullies fled the country, and were outlawed. 
To avenge this outrage, de Eure commenced an action at the assizes in 
Newcastle, in 1285, in the name of Richard of Cleveland, against the whole 
party, for the homicide of Stephen the baker, who was Cleveland's brother ; 
and, on the record of the pleadings of this trial, it appears that Roger of 
Heley committed the murder, his three associates aiding and abetting him in 
the deed ; and that John de St Edward, and Robert de Stutteville and his 
wife, were no way implicated in the affray ; and that Hugh de Eure was 
committed to gaol for abetting the suit against them. 

At the same assizes, another action was entered Agnes de Benerigg, 
widow of Walter Hindmers, against the same defendants, who, in the indict- 
ments against them, were charged with insulting the said Agnes in her own 
house, beating her with swords and clubs, and iniquitously and feloniously 

u In different parts of the pleadings this person is differently styled Vigilator, Vidulator, and 


burning her house over her head ; as well as with taking out of a coffer one 
deed respecting the house in which she lived, another respecting her tene- 
ments in Benerigg, and two more about her brother Robert's tenements in 
the same place besides taking away a tally for half a mark when Walter de 
Cambo was sheriff, and another for the same sum in the sheriffalty of Thomas 
of Dilston, and four silver necklaces, and two gold rings of the value of half a 
mark, all of which, wantonly, and as robbers, they carried off. Reynold the 
Brewer was found guilty of setting fire to the house, and Robert of Tindale 
and Richard Graper, of being accomplices with him in the crime ; but Stut- 
teville and his wife, who were indicted for being aiders, abettors, and receivers 
in this felony, contrived, as in the other case, to get themselves acquitted of 
the charge ; and though they had an exigent issued against them for not ap- 
pearing to answer certain allegations against them respecting this affair, they 
contrived to get it revoked and annulled by the king and council, as appears 
by the Rolls of Parliament for 1293, where the whole proceedings in these 
trials are circumstantially detailed/ 

I have not been able to find to what family Alianora de Genevre belonged. 
One Peter de Genevre had a grant of lands from Henry the Third ; w and he 
and his wife Maud, who was one of the heirs of Walter de Lacy, of Ludlow 
Castle, are mentioned as living in the early part of the same reign. x There 
can be no doubt that she was very nobly descended ; and the place she occu- 
pies in the second pedigree of the barons of Mitford, sets her in close alliance 
with kings and princes. That she resided with her second husband in Mitford 
Castle, is plain ; and, though they managed matters well enough to get 
legally acquitted of the charge of being aiders and abettors in the murder of 
their neighbour's servant, and of setting fire to the house of Agnes of Bene- 
rigg, it is very clear that, though allied as they were to royalty, they had still 
enough of the vulgar and contentious spirit of the times in them, to counte- 
nance a riot close under the walls of their castle. After their death the place 
was destined to be the theatre of the strife of fiercer spirits. 

" Sire Emer de Valence genril knight and free," y who was lord of Mitford 
Castle, was much employed by Edward the Second in his wars against Scot- 

" Rot. Par. i. 120, 124. w Rot. Hun. i. 294. 

* Test, de Nev. 71. Cal. Rot. Pat. 20. 
y Harl. MS. 2252, and Anc. Songs. Lond. 1790. p. 9. 


land ; in 1314, was made guardian and the king's lieutenant of that kingdom ; 
and, in the following year, special captain arid guardian of all the country 
between the Trent and Berwick. 2 At that time, the decisive battle of Baii- 
nockburn had released Scotland from the thraldom in which the power arid op- 
pression of England had holder) it : its armies spread the most terrible devas- 
tation over Northumberland and Durham the inhabitants of which counties, 
between the fire and arms of their northern neighbours, and the negligence 
and tyranny of their own king, were suffering under all the horrors of pesti- 
lence and famine. While affairs were in this desperate condition, sir Gilbert 
de Middleton, with other gentlemen plunderers, in 1317, hoisted among their 
suffering neighbours the standard of Rebellion, and made common cause 
against their king with the Scots. Middleton was an old soldier ; for we find 
him preferring his service against Lewelin of Wales, in 1277, for half a 
knight's fee in Cramlington ; a in 1282, he was summoned to be at Rhuddlan 
against the Welch rebels ; b and the wardrobe account for 1300, notices him 
as an esquire in the king's army against Scotland, and receiving wages at 
Carlisle to the amount of 40 2s. c The immediate motive of his revolt is 
said, by Leland, to have originated in revenge for the injury which the king 
had done to his relative, Adam de Swinburne, then sheriff of Northumber- 
land, by imprisoning him for speaking too freely about the distressed state of 
the English borders. Hollinshead d says, he was offended at Lewis de Beau- 
mont (an illiterate and heartless relation of the " She-wolf of France") being 
preferred to the see of Durham. Isabella certainly, on her bare and bended 
knees, entreated the king to obtain the vacant mitre of St Cuthbert for her 
cousin ; and there is no doubt that the power and prerogative of the crown 
were exercised to their fullest extent to fix Beaumont on the palatinal throne. 
Be this as it may, Middleton certainly threw the country and the king into a 
great panic. He declared himself duke of Northumberland ; e captured and 
garrisoned all the castles in Northumberland, excepting Alnwick, Bambo- 
rough, and Norham ; spread his forces far into Yorkshire ; and, while in the 
height of his assumed power, seized, in the southern part of the county of 
Durham, two cardinals, going on a peace-making errand into Scotland, and 

z Rot. Scot. i. 1 19, 130, 144, &c. &c. a Palg. Par. Writs, p. 205. b Id. p. 332. 

c Page 204. See more respecting- him in II. i. 351, 354. 

d Eng. Chron. p. 323. e Id. 323. 


in their suite the new bishop of Durham, and his brother Henry lord Beau- 
mont, who was well known in the northern counties for his valour/ This 
exploit was performed on the 1st of September, 1317. The king hastened to 
Durham, where he was on the 7th of that month ; and, on the 10th, wrote 
letters from York to the pope, bewailing the misfortune that had befallen the 
legates of the Holy See. s The conspirators hurried the bishop away from the 
scene of his capture to the castle of Morpeth. His brother was immured in 
Mitford. Heavy subsidies were put upon the bishopric for the ransom of its 
prelate and the price of peace from the rebel army. h The prior of Durham, 
for these purposes, was obliged to sell the habits, plate, and jewels of his 
church ;' and sir Gilbert, October 12, 1317, gave a receipt, dated at Mitford, 
for 200 marks in silver, paid to him by William de Denum, who had been 
temporal chancellor of the palatinate during the episcopacy of Kellow, Beau- 
mont's predecessor in the see. This sum, however, is stated j to have been 
levied on the people of the bishopric as an aid and indemnity against any 
injury or damage from himself or his men, according to the covenants of an 
indenture between him and Denum. The king, in a letter to the pope, dated 
October 28, says that the bishop was detained in prison till a great and almost 
intolerable sum of money was paid for his ransom. k All accounts agree, that 
after this event, Middleton fortified himself here. Graystanes says, he held 
Mitford castle as keeper, not as lord of it. Might he not hold it as his adhe- 
rents held Morpeth and other castles, by force, and by no grant or patent 
either of its owner the earl of Pembroke, or of the king himself? The record 
of his sentence indeed expressly states, that he held it "by power, and as a 
signal of hostility to the king." 1 The forces employed against him are said to 
have been commanded by sir Ralph de Greystock, lord of Morpeth ; m but 
William de Felton, in 1338, was rewarded with an exemption in fee from an 
annual rent of 20 a year, due out of his lands in West Matfen and Naffer- 
ton, expressly on account of his services " in capturing Gilbert de Middleton, 
the rebel and traitor."" Hollinshed divides the honour of this exploit between 
Thomas de Hetori and Felten ; and, no doubt on good authority for the 

f Part II. vol. i. pp. 352, 361, 362. Rym. Feed. iii. 659, 663. h II. i. 355. 

5 Hutch. Dur. i. 325, 2nd ed. J See Part II. vol. i. p. 360. 

k Rym. Feed. iii. 670. > II. i. 262. I m Dug. Bar. i. 741. 

n Abb. Rot. Pat. 133. Eng. Chron. 323. 


former of these persons had, 15 Feb. 1319, by consent of parliament, a grant 
from the crown of 50 marks a year, until he could have lands of the same 
annual value which had belonged to sir Gilbert. 13 Leland says, that Robert 
Horncliff assisted Felton and Heton in capturing him, and that he was betrayed 
into their hands by his own men." One deed, of which he stands accused of 
having a share in of poisoning lord Greystoke, at breakfast, in Gateshead, on 
the 3rd of the ides of July, 1323 he could not be guilty of, as it happened five 
years after his death. After his capture, he was taken to Newcastle, and 
there put in fetters, and sent by a ship, in December, to Grimsby ; from 
which place he rode to London with his feet tied together under his horse's 
belly : and after being some time imprisoned in the Tower, he was sentenced, 
on the 26th of Jun<3, 1318, to be dragged by horses to the gallows, and all his 
own, and the property of his brother, in Northumberland, to be confiscated/ 
Leland, in his Collectanea, affirms that this fortress was not destroyed, as 
some would have it, at the time of Middleton's rebellion ; s but, in his Itine- 
rary, he says "-it was beten downe by the kinge ; for one ser Gilbert Midle- 
ton robbyd a cardinal! comirige out of Scotland, and fled to his castle of Mit- 
ford ; m and the inquest after the death of sir Aymer de Valence, in 1323, 
expressly states that " at Mitford there is the site of a certain castle, which is 
now worth nothing annually, because it is entirely destroyed and burnt." 11 
From this time, I think it probable that it was never repaired ; for though, 
in the list of fortresses in the time of Henry the Sixth, it is returned as be- 
longing to Henry Percy of Athol : v yet, an inquest, in 1328, described it as 
totally destroyed and burnt by the Scots; and another, in Oct. 1432, after 
the death of the same sir ^enry de Percy of Athol, says it was " then ruin- 
ous and wasted." Similar evidences describe it in a similar state in 1455 
and 1465; and Leland, in the time of Henry the Eighth, found " ruines of 
a- castle longynge to the lord Borow at Mydford." w After it fell into the 
hands of the Valentia family it was probably in a great measure neglected as 
a residence, and therefore became an easy conquest to Middleton and his 
party ; and after it was battered and burnt in the siege in which it was taken 
from him, its successive owners had probably no occasion for it as a family 

.66fi .i .1 , . 

P Rot. Pat. 12 Ed. II. m. 27. o Col. 548. 

r Throcklawe's Annals of Edw. II. Brand's Newc. ii. 90. Vol. i. p. 335. 

1 VII. fol. 76. Wallis, ii. 315. v ni. i. 26. " Itin. vii. fol. 76. 

.II .J<V/ .11 THAT 


seat, and therefore suffered it to lie in ruins. " Sir Thomas Brough, in 
1475, had licence to alienate half the barony and castle of Mitford, and divers 
other manors and hereditaments in other counties/ The rest of the history 
of this castle is connected with that of the barony, as related above. 

Mitford, in former days, was a borough ; and, though it has fallen. from the 
grade of places of that description, yet, in the remains of its castle arid its 
church, as well as in the condition arid extent of the village of which it now 
consists, it certainly ranks far beyond many places in the kingdom, which not 
only continue to enjoy the name, but important municipal advantages of 
boroughs. " It was antiently written Midford ; and the word mit>, in the 
Saxon language, signifies at or between ; but whether this place had its name 
from the castle, church, arid principal part of the borough, being seated at 
the ford where Mitford bridge was afterwards built ; or it was so called be- 
cause the greatest part of the town was situated between the fords over the 
Wansbeck and the Font, where a considerable part of the present village 
now stands, or from other reasons, it is perhaps now impossible to determine. 
The situation of these fords just above the meetings of the Font and the 
Wansbeck would often Cause it to be a more convenient place for crossing 
these rivers in floods than to cross at a ford in their united, stream below. 
That there was a considerable passage over them before Morpeth r*bse into 
consequence, there can, I think, be no doubt. William the Lion, as I have 
elsewhere noticed, in one of his progresses into England, dated a charter at 
Mitford. In the reign of Edw. the Third, an inquest found that one Walter 
de Swinhowe held 40 acres of land in the manor here by the service of guard- 
ing the south bridge of Mitford, which was then called the Fouse bridge, on 
the eve and day of Ascension." 3 " This Fouse bridge I suppose to have had its 
name from its standing across the Wansbeck, opposite to the outer gates of 
the castle, a little below the site of the present bridge, and where the river 
formed part of thefoss of the castle. It was situated south of the bridge now 
called the Font bridge. The erection of these bridges, and of the castle, were 
probably contemporaneous-; before the services of the barony were settled in 
the time of Henry the First ; but after; the place had its name from the fords 
upon which it is situated. 

Of the nature of the corporation of this place, ajid its municipal rights, we 


xlll.ii.387. yWallis/ii.326. 


have no certain account. Its growth was probably gradual. Reginald, a 
monk of Durham, who lived in the time of king Stephen, and wrote a work- 
on the miracles done by St Cuthbert after the time of Bede, has a tale about 
a miracle performed at " a certain vitte called Midford," which he afterwards 
calls villula a term incapable of any higher meaning than a small village. 
The tale briefly told is this. An old man of the name of Udard, who had 
long been servant to a preaching friar of Durham, called Silvanus, had also 
taken the office of bearer of the holy relics, with which his master had a com- 
mission, according to the fashion of the times, to travel about the country, and 
ask and take the alms of the faithful. This poor fellow, Udard, for ten whole 
years, had been dreadfully afflicted with dysentery ; but, one day, about the 
year 1006, in the time of Ethelred the Second, as they were journeying in the 
ordinary way of picking up pence for indulgences, and for a sight or a touch 
of the contents of their cabinet, and were passing through Mitford, a young 
man came calling after them ; and they were told that an old matron of the 
place, who had lost her sight for full six months, believed that she would 
recover the use of her eyes, if she could get a wash for them, in which a por- 
tion of the relics of St Cuthbert had been infused. The dish 2 of a neigh- 
bouring well was immediately filled with its crystal waters, the relics of St 
Cuthbert taken from their cabinet, and a piece of cloth that had enwrapt the 
holy body for 418 years produced ; but when the actor in this scene began to 
wash the virtues of the cloth into the waters, though it was repeatedly cover- 
ed with them, no art could make it wet. Udard, on perceiving the miracle, 
was seized with a transport of admiration and holy feeling of faith, drank of 
the waters, and found himself instantly healed. The old woman, too, on her 
eyes being bathed in the healing fluid, recovered her former vision. These 
three miracles, our author gravely asserts, he could most certainly prove to 
have happened all on the same day. It will not be wondered that all know- 
ledge of these events has been long since lost at Mitford. No well or fountain 
here retains the name of saint or holy to mark the latex limpidissimus to the 
waters of which these healing qualities were imparted. After the sera of the 

z Concha, a shell ; hence the Northumberland term skiel, for a pail or vessel to carry water in. 
Wells, by way-sides, were formerly provided with dishes for the convenience of travellers ; and, 
one of iron, and chained, still remains in a covered spring, on the road side leading from the 
Maiden-law, in the parish of Lanchester, towards Durham. 


Conquest, it is certain that the place rose beyond the description of a villula ; 
for Roger Bertram the First, in 1157, gave a fine of 50 marks to Henry the 
Second for the privilege of holding a market on his manor of Mitford ; a and, 
in 1250, his grandson Roger complained against R. de Merlay for holding 
plea in the county court for a market at Morpeth, in damage to the one at 
Mitford ; upon which a precept was directed to the sheriff of the county to 
stop the suit, proceedings of that nature not being cognizable in his court. 5 
The same Roger had also a grant from Henry the Third, for 10 marks, to 
extend his annual fair at Mitford from four to eight days. A few original 
deeds in the treasury of Durham record the conveyance of different burgages 
and plots of ground here, in 1308, from different persons, to one Walter de 
Coxhow, brother to Mr Robert de Coxhow, clerk ; d and, one of the series, 
made in 1310, is tested by Adam de Meneville, then seneschall or steward of 
the town of Mitford, which was probably the highest office of the corporation 
of this little borough. The inquest after the death of the earl of Pembroke, 
in 1323, describes the place and neighbourhood as lying waste and unculti- 
vated, effects no doubt of the dreadful retributive vengeance with which the 
armies of Scotland at that time visited the fields and villages of England, as 
well as of the desolating consequences of the rebellion of Gilbert de Middle- 

a Dug. Bar. i. 543. b Id. c Wallis, ii. 313. 

d From William, called the Wheelwright, of Mitford, he had all his lands situated in the cul- 
ture called Steraldworth, in the territory of Mitford, and bounded on both sides by the lands of 
William the Tailor, of Wallington : from Thomas of Redworth, all his lands in the Newgate, 
between the lands of Thomas Shaclech and the lands of Mitford Castle: from Alice, the daugh- 
ter of William Dyer, three roods of land de burgagio in the town of Mitford, which laid together in 
four selions in the Newgate, between the lands of the town and the castle lands : Thomas, son of 
Thomas of Stanton, granted to Alan, son of Eustemia, all his burgages within the borough of 
" Mithford," which had once belonged to his father, a former burgess of " Mithford ;" and the 
same Alan, son of Eustemia, released to the above-named Walter de Coxhow, all right w r hich he 
had in all the burgages which had belonged to his said father : Alice, called de Schotton, widow 
of Ralph de Schotton, also released to the same Walter two crolls in Mitford, lying in different 
parts of the street called le Newgate, which crofts she had recovered under the name of Dower out 
of the lands of her late husband, and in an action against Thomas of the Whitewhom, and John 
Kemp, of Mitford : and by a deed in May, 1310, Coxhow obtained from Adam Halden, a tailor in 
Mitford, a burgage, which the same Halden had got by the demise of " sir William of Moleston, 
a chaplain." This last is the deed which is tested by Adam de Meneville, then seneschall or steward 
of the town of Mitford. (L. 7983, 278 .) 



ton. 6 The same record also states that different burghers held divers burga- 
ges here, which in times past had paid a rent of 6 10s. but at that time only 
31s. In the 20th of Edw. II. John de Eure died seized of 20 burgages here, 
holden of the castle of Mitford/ John de Mitford, who died in 1437, had a 
capital messuage and 28 other messuages in it ; s and, in the agreement, in 
1427, between John de Mitford and his mother Constance, respecting her 
dower, mention is made of five burgages in the " town" of Mitford, and of their 
several occupiers, from which she was to receive rents to the amount of 46s. 
8d. a year, h which burgages were probably the same as those for which John 
de Mitford paid 25s. 4d. to the lord of the manor in 1455, and seem to have 
been the only ones then existing in the whole manor. 1 

These notices sufficiently prove that Mitford, in antient times, was a bo- 
rough. Of the extent of the town, little is known. The most important 
part of it, I apprehend, was that which is called the Newgate in the con- 
veyances to Walter de Coxhow. This street abutted upon the castle lands, 
and seems to have been seated on each side of the way which now leads 
past the old manor-house, the church, and the vicarage. The street 
leading to Newton Park, in which the crime of arson was committed upon 
the house of Agnes of Benerigg, in the riot in 1284, was probably on the 
north side of the Wansbeck, and occupied the site of the present vil- 
lage, which is seated on each side of the way from Elsden to Morpeth, and 
on the tongue of land which lies between the meetings of the Font and Wans- 
beck a warm and woody corner, where the cottages and gardens are trim, 
and the waters lovely. On the way-side, where the banks have been cut to 
widen the road west of this part of Mitford, there are layers of stones, which 
lie deep between the soil and the diluvium, that bear the marks of fire, and 
seem to show that the place in former times had been more extensively te- 
nanted than it is at present. 

The remains of the MANOR-HOUSE at Mitford are faithfully and beautifully 
represented in the vignette, at page 406 of part iii. vol. ii. The greater part 
of this seat-house was taken away about 20 years since. Though it had been 
built at different times, none of it, I apprehend, was very antient. Some old 
walls in the buildings behind it seem to be remains of a rude bastile house. 

c Wallis, ii. 315. 'III. i. 66. s Wallis, ii. 328. 

h Evid. to Mitford Pedigree, No. 16. Wallis, ii. 320. 


The inquests after the death of the chiefs of the Mitford family throw little 
light upon its history. John de Mitford, indeed, who died in 1410, had a 
capital messuage in Mitford, as well as one in Bebside. But the remains of 
the old manor-house stand directly west of the church ; whereas the mansion- 
house of sir John de Mitford, in 1396, stood on the east side of the vicarage- 
house, which, in 1311, is described as standing, as it now does, on the east 
side of the church. This is plain, from a deed, by which sir John de Scrope, 
the second husband of Elizabeth de Strathbolgie, in 20 Ric. II. granted to this 
sir John de Mitford a plot of ground which laid before the front of his own house, 
and between his mansion and that of the vicarage, which adjoins to the east 
wall of the church-yard. The mansion-house, of which the turretted porch 
and part of the kitchen and offices still remain, were probably first occupied by 
the Mitford family when they acquired an accession of property here in the time 
of Philip and Mary ; and the tower, and other additions might be made to it, 
in 1637, which is the date of the tablet above the door bearing the arms of 
Mitford empaling Wharton. I have, however, been told, that this tablet was 
brought from Bourn, near Selby, in Yorkshire, where this family had a seat, 
which the present Mr Mitford sold for the purpose of redeeming his land of 
Mitford from tythe. The arms are those of Robert Mitford and Philadelphia 
Wharton, and might be put up soon after their marriage ; as it is not proba- 
ble that they would be put up at Mitford during the life time of his grand- 
father, who was living after the date of the tablet. 

The new manor-house, the shell of which was in its progress in 1828, while 
the notes and minutes for this account of Mitford were collecting, is a very 
handsome square edifice, built from designs by Mr Dobson. The beautiful 
white sandstone, of which its outside walls are built, is obtained from a stra- 
tum of rock which forms the bed of the Font for several hundred yards, 
between the Newton Park and Nunriding estates a wild and romantic spot, 
where the craggy banks of the river are deeply browed over with bilberry plants 
and heath, and all along on both sides, and especially at a huge projecting 
rock called Corby Crag, overhung with antient woods of oak. All the quarry 
gear were swept away by one of the great floods of this year. Great praise is 
due to Mr Mitford for choosing a stone for his new residence, which is not 
only beautiful, but has every appearance of being indestructible by atmosphe- 
ric agents. The site of the house is also well chosen. It is on the brow of 
the northern bank of the river, and overlooks the plain on which the castle, 


church, and gardens of the old manor-house of Mitford, are situated ; and 
fine reaches of rich river-side scenery in the grounds of Newminster and 
Morpeth. This is a fertile and most delightful place. 

NEWTON UNDERWOOD is a township, containing 832 acres of excellent 
arable and pasture land, and 20 acres of wood. Newton seems to have been 
its most antient name. j In the printed account of services due in this 
barony, and made out in the sheriffalty of sir Hugh de Bolbeck, about 1240, 

J The second name Underwood, was probably added after the settlement at Newton Park was 
formed. It is perhaps impossible to ascertain, with any degree of precision, at what period in the 
Saxon or Danish age the principal settlements were made in Northumberland ; but the great 
number of places called Newton, Newbigglng, Newstead, and the various assarted places under the 
generic name of Riding all over the county, show that numerous new villages and hamlets were 
built in it at a very distant period- a great many of them probably before the Conquest. Nun- 
riding certainly had its name after that period. The Saxon and Danish settlers founded villages 
in unfortified places much more extensively than had been done under the auspices of Rome. 
They had their property marked out by certain metes and bounds, so that each of them distinctly 
knew the lands of which he was lord ; and where he could allot to a son, or convey to a servant 
any tract of uncultivated land, without the fear of their being interrupted in the possession of it by an 
arbitrary power. This property in the soil made men patriots made them love the place in which 
they lived. For who would not draw the sword and shed his blood in defending the cottage which 
had sheltered, and the acres which had fed himself and his forefathers ? Formerly men defended 
every right and custom of their ancestors and place, with an exactness and a pertinacity which are 
unknown in these times. They rode the boundaries of their parishes and manors annually ; pulled 
down the fences of all encroachments on their commons ; and fined the offenders in their courts. 
This was the cause why the extensive tracts called commons, in which not only the tenants had a 
common right of pasturage with their lords, but the different tenants of lordships had a common 
right upon them, were so long in being cultivated. The ridges upon them, which had never been 
disturbed, and been held in common by various proprietors from the Roman aera, where they could 
not be divided by common consent, were left undisturbed by the plough-share till they began to be 
divided by acts of parliament in the last century. The Saxons and Danes imposed names upon 
nearly the whole of the villages of this and other counties : when they increased in population the 
soil became sub-divided, new names were imposed, new beggings were made, and new towns planted. 
After the union between England and Scotland, and other causes of quiet and increased industry 
in the country had increased the population, men withdrew from the protection of castles, fortalices, 
and villages, and waste lands and commons began to be divided, and a new class of names given 
to new settlements such as Blink-bonny, Brandy-well-hall, Breadless-row, Click-him-in, Cold- 
knuckles, Delicate-hall, Delight, Fell-him-down, Glower o'er-him, Maccaroni, Make-me-rich, 
Mount Hooley, Philadelphia, Pinch-me-near, Pondichery, Portobello, Quality corner, Skirl naked, 
and numerous others equally quaint and fanciful. 


it is simply called Newton ; but in the copies of that document given by 
Lawson and Wallis, it is written Newton Underwood. At that time all of it 
excepting half a carucate, which was holden by the heirs of Hugh de Blundell 
by the payment of two pounds of pepper, belonged to Roger Bertram the 
Second, whose son Roger, according to the Hundred Rolls, alienated the 
ville of Newton and a carucate of demesne land in Mitford, to Wychard de 
Charun, who was sheriff of Northumberland in 1267, and for four years after," 
seneschall of De Insula, bishop of Durham, and a servant of Peter de Sa- 
voy, uncle of queen Alianor. 1 Prior to this transaction, Roger Bertram 
had granted common of pasture to the nuns of Halystane (for their stock on 
Nunriding) on the common of Newton and Throphill, which grant Henry the 
Third confirmed at Newcastle in 1255. m In 1294, Hugh de Eure was sum- 
moned to the assizes at Newcastle, to show by what right he claimed free 
warren and assize of ale in Kirkley, Newton, and Throphill ; and brought a 
charter, dated August 10, 1291, for free warren, and showed that all his pre- 
decessors, owners of these manors, had enjoyed the privilege of assize of ale 
in them. n This Hugh de Eure had his name from the manor of Evre or Ivor, 
near Uxbridge, in Buckinghamshire, which manor was granted by king John, 

k III. i. 104. i Hutch. Hist. Dur. i. 276. m Dug. Mon. i. 476. 

n Newton Underwood and Throphill were each assessed at 2s. for the expences of Adomar de 
Athol, lord of Mitford, and Ralph de Eure, lord of these places, knights of the shire to the par- 
liament holden at Westminster in 1382. (Wallis, ii. apx. 5.J John de Mitford, 35 Hen. VI. 
died seized of one messuage in Newton. In 10 Eliz. the Eure family held the following posses- 
sions in this county : Kirkley, Berwick-on-the-hill, Little Callerton, Rothley, Newton Under- 
wood, Edington, a moiety of Throphill, with certain lands in Mitford and a water mill there, and 
the hamlet of Sturton. (Laws. MS.f. 15.} Henry Haggerston, 24 Feb. 16 Eliz. had a grant of 
lands in Newton Underwood from the crown (Land. Rev. Office, Rec. III. 226,1 ; and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Edward Manners, earl of Rutland, and wife of Wm Cecil lord Burleigh, died 12 April, 
33 Eliz. 1591, possessed of Kirkley, Newton Underwood, Berwick-on-the-hill, Throphill, Rothley, 
&LC. (Cole's Escheats.) She was probably only mortgagee in possession. Mr Wm Fenwick, of 
Nunriding, in 1663, was proprietor of Newton-west-side and Park, besides Newton-mill and Nun- 
riding ; and, at the same time, R. Mitford, of Mitford, had Newton-east-side. (III. i. 324. ^ 
Henry Rawling, Esq. in 1746, advertised several farms, with new-built farm houses, at Newton 
Underwood, to be let. (Newc. Cour.) III. i. 170. III. ii. 393. 



as we have shown in a pedigree of the family under Whalton, to his grand- 
father Robert Fitz-Roger, baron of Warkworth, Newburn, Corbridge, Roth- 
bury, and Whalton. He purchased Mitford Park of Roger Bertram the Third, 
and Throphill of tjiat Roger's son Thomas, probably under some family com- 
pact ; for the pedigree of his family states that he married a daughter of Roger 
Bertram, baron of Mitford, and that his mother was very nearly related to Alex. 
de Ballioll, who, with his wife Alianor de Genevre, became purchasers of the 
castle and barony of Mitford. His posterity continued to enjoy the possessions 
he acquired in this parish for several generations. John de Eure and Agnes 
his wife were proprietors in Newton Underwood in 1326 ; arid their descend- 
ants are returned in various inquests after death, and other documents, as 
owners of lands and tenements here till the reign of queen Elizabeth ; 
but, in the tenth of James the First, Ralph lord Eure sold his possessions in 
this place and Throphill to George Reveley, of Ancroft, from whom they 
have descended to Henry Reveley Mitford, esq. as detailed in the following 


[This family were probably from Reveley, which is a ville and manor in the parish of Ingram, and barony of Vescy. Lord 
Redesdale observes: " It has been said that the family were hereditary bailiffs of Ancroft, under the bishops of Durham ; 
and that Revoley, in the parish of Ingram, was so named from being the property of the Reve, or bailiff of the bishops. But 
qusere this." The part No. 1, is taken from Mr Raine's portfolio of MS. Pedigrees, p. 88. The first seven generations of No. 
2 are from the Harleian MS. 1448 ; and the remainder from a skeleton pedigree of the Reveleys, with some authorities com- 
municated by Lord Redesdale, and from the authorities quoted.] 

ARMS : Argent between a cheveron engrailed gules, three mullets azure pierced sable. 

Wo. 1. I. ROGER PORTER, uncle of John of Witton : the inquest after the death of which John de Witton, is dated in=T= 
1874, and shows that he held lands at Behill, Lowlyn, and Goswick, in North Durham. 

I T 

II. MARGARET PORTER,-T~JOHN BULLOCK : the inquest after whose death AGNES PORTER, 
co-heir, aged 24, 1374. j is dated 5 Langley, 1411. co-heir. 
I I 
III. THOMAS BULLOCK, ofBele, aged 24, 1410. Inq. p. m. 11 Langley, 1417.TALICIA , died 21 May, 5 Neville, 1442. 

IV. AGNES BULLOCK, aged 14, 11 Langley, 1417.=rTHOMAS REVELEY. 
I I 

V. ARCHIBALD REVELEY, son and heir, 15 June, 9 Dudley, WILLIAM REVELEY. 
VI. WILLIAM REVELEY, of Islandshire, 21 Oct. 1507; died 20 Feb. 1514; inquest after his death 24 June, same year.=p 

VII. GEORGE REVELEY, of Ancroft, of full age in 1514. (Raine's MS. Pedigrees, p. 3S.J 

tfo, 2. I- RALPH REVELEY, of " Angcroft. "=7= , daur. of ... Selby, of Brankston. 

I I 

II. 1. ARCHIBALD REVELEY, son and heir, died s. p. 2. WILLIAM REVELEY.^ daur. of sir Edw. Grey, of Chillingham. 

I I 

III. GEORGE REVELEY, son and heir, to whom-p , daur. and co-heir REVELEY, who had a son John, mentioned 

sir Edward Grey, 10 Henry VIII. 1518, granted I of Henry Swynhow, of in the will of Edward Reveley in 1569. 
the mill of Ancroft. f Swynbow. 

IV. 1. EDWARD REVE-^ daur. of 2. RALPH^ daur. of ...Mor- 3. THOMAS 1 daur.= BURRELL, who 

LEY. Will dated 12 Oct. Redman, REVELEY. I ton, alderman of Ber- REVELEY, had a son JOHN BUR- 

1569. j of Irebye. | wick. ob. s. p. RILL. 

Wallis, ii. 554, 556. 


Issue of Edward Reveley and Redman. 

Issue of Ralph Reveley and Morton. 

V. 1. WILLIAM REVELEY, son and heir ;-T-MARGARET, daur. of George 1. EDWARD^ELEANOR, daur. 2. ROWLAND REVE- 

dled 1 Aug. 15 Eliz. 1573, as appears by 
an Inquest taken after death, in 1574. 



Ord, of Newbiggen. She mar- REVELEY, 

ried 2dly, to James Swinhoe, of Tweed- 

of Berwick-upon-Tweed. mouth. 

(Raines Test.) 


of George Ord_e, LEY, mentioned in 

of Longridge, in the will of Edward 

the coun. pal. of Reveley in 1569. 


I r i i i i i i 

VI. 1. GEORGE REVELEY, of "Angcroft, -TFRANCES, dau. of 1. WILLIAM 2. GEORGE REVELEY J^BARBARA, 1. ... daur. 

Newton Underwood 
and Throphill. Ad- 
ministration to his 
goods, and inventory 

in Northumb. ; aged 12 years 26th Eliz. 
1584-6. In 1612, he purchased Newton 
Underwood and Throphill of William lord 
Eure. He died 24 Aug. 1628, as appears 
by the inquisition after his death. Ad- 
ministration to his goods granted to Dio- 
nysia his daur. 30 August, 1628. (Raints 
Test. 226 J 

1. MARGARET married Lieut.-Col. Salvayn, 

fourth son of Gerard Salvayn, of Croxdale. 

2. DIONYSIA, wife of ...... Gibson. 

3. JANE, wife of Edward Orme. 
I - 

VII. BERTAM REVELEY, born & baptized-r-RosAMOND, daur. of 1. WILLIAM REVELEY^M 

A-ithony Bulmer, REVELEY marriage settlement 
of Thursdale, and died s. p. in 29th July, 1644 ; of 
sister of sir Ber- his father's " 
tram* Bulmer, kt. life time, 
who is a witness 
to the conveyance from lord 

Eure to Geo. Reveley. She of them, by Edward 
I was living in 1639. 

Reveley, his kinsman, 
Jan. 7, 1667. ( Rome's 
Test. 212, 923.; 

eld. daur. 
of Robert 


Mitford, of 2. ... daur. 

Mitford, married ... 

esq. and Carr. 

phia W liar ton. 

at Elmeden, near Sedgefield ; aged 15 in 
1615; married in 1620. By his will, which 
is dated 5 Oct. 1622, and proved Nov. 6 in 
the same year, he gave to his wife, " Mrs 
Rose Revelie thre kine &c. to my sifter 
Mrs Dianas Revelie all my goods, she pay- 
ing my debts." (Raine's Test. 449. J By a 
declaration of the same " Diones Reveley," 
in 1635, it appears that she was his sole 
executrix, that suits were at that time 

Michael Wentworth, of Newton Underwood 

ofWolley, co. Ebor; and Throphill, in co. 

cousin of the earl of Northumb. ; & Newby 

Strafford ; afterwards Wiske, coun. of York: 

wife of ... Widdring- born about 1662 ; died 

ton ; and she died 24 Feb. 1745, o. s. 
about 1651. 


ITlAiVVlCjlV I , **. * A*VFA'A* 

daugli. and died s. p. 

heir of 1. MARTHA married 

Willey, of ...Burrell, ofBroome 

Newby Park, in the county 

Wiske, in of Northumberland. 

the county 2. FRANCES married 

of York. Geo. Alder, of Prend- 

wick, Northumb. 

This is the pe: 

church, was raised ; and whose surname in the inscription is whimsically separated from his Christian name : but 
written REVELEY there, not REUF'LEY, as quoted from Wallis, at p. 27 of this volume. 

i I 

Viii. WILLIAM REVELEY born in 1621 ; at- 1. WILLEY REVE-= 

taioed 21 in Oct. 1642; died at York of wounds LEY born about 

received in the battle of Naseby, 14 June, 1686; marriage 

1645, without issue, in consequence of which settlement dated 

Newton and Throphill passed under entail to 21st May, 1717; 

the Tweedmouth family, subject to Rosamond he died in Janu- 

his mother's jointure in part of the lands. ary, 1756. 

= daur. of 2. GEORGE 

Hen. Neale, REVELEY 
of London, born 1699; 

merchant & 
bank direct- 

married . 


1. HENRY REVELEY born 1718; died April 1800, unmarried. 2. HUGH REVELEY 

died young. 

r~ r r- 


marr. LANGDALE married 

SMITHSON, esq. Crohair. 

son of sir Hugh 8. BARBARA 

Smithson,ofStan- died unniar- 

wick, Yorkshire, ried. 
bart. She died at 
York, 1764.. (Col. Peer, it. 483. )=j= 

SIR HUGH SMITHSON, bart. married 
at Percy Lodge, in the parish of 

I A. I. MENKi 1\ r.> IM.1". IKJIII ifjcr, linn -tj'iii uw, m 

2. WILLIAM REVELEY died unmarried, after his brother Henry. 

8. GEORGE REVELEY, suffocated in the black-hole at Calcutta ; died 1. HENRY REVE- Ivor, Bucks, July 10, 1740, to lady 

without issue. LEY married Elizabeth Seymour, daur. of Alger- 

1. PHiLADELPiiiA, = rJoHN MITFORD, 2. ELIZABETH REVELEY mar- Crespigny, & had non Seymour, duke of Somerset, at 
sole heir of her | esq. of Newton ried T. Edwards Freeman, of a son Hugh Reve- whose death he became earl of 
brothers. I house&Exbury, Battsford, in co. Gloucester, ley, who married Northumberland ; and, by patent, 

" Hants, son of whose son T. E. Freeman, Jane Owen, and 18 Oct. 1766, DUKE OF NORTHUM- 
William, son of John, third son of married Mary Curtis, and had has issue Hugh and BERLAND.^ 
Robert Mitford, of Mitford, & Phila- issue an only daur. Elizabeth, Frances. A 

delphia Wharton. married to Thomas, son of sir 

Wm Heathcote, afterwards sir Thomas Heathcote, of Hursley, Hampshire, by whom 

she had no issue. At her death the estates at Battsford passed by the will of T. E. Freeman to John lord Redesdale, of 
Redcsdale, and of Battsford Park, in the county of Gloucester, nephew to this Eliz. Reveley, wife of T. E. Freeman. 

1 I I I I 


esq. under the will of Hen. Reveley, esq. 
became proprietor of Newby Wiske, New- 
ton, and Throphill ; author of the HIS- 
TORY OF GREECE ; died Feb. 1827, and 
bur. at Exbury. See account of his life 
under Newton Park. 

daughter of James to whom the author is indebted I PERCEVAL. 

Molloy. -(See II. for several communications re- I 


specting Mitford, and the fami- I 
lies of Mitford & Reveley. Lord 
Redesdale was born August 29, 1 

died s. p. 
died s. p. 

living in 1828. 

Bertram de Bulmer was sheriff of Yorkshire in the time of king Stephen and Hen. II., in which county, as well as in Northumberland, he 
had considerable possessions. (See Dug. Bar. i. 592; Lib. Nig. 307, 3SOJ The Christian name of Bertram certainly came into the family of 
Reveley, of Throphill, from their connection with the Bulmers, as may be seen by their pedigree. The Mitford family, as may also be seen by 
their pedigree, had adopted it in the 15th century, possibly from some antient relationship or attachment to the Bertrams, barons of Mitford. 


fc ft 

Issue of William Mitford, esq. Issue of John lord Redesdale 

and Frances Molloy. and lady Frances Perceval. 

, , 1 -TT-T-, 

XI. 1. WM 1. LouisA=r2. HENRY MITFORD, ' 

ob. s. p. 

C.R.N. Lost at sea 
In the York man-of- 
war, about 1803. 


STKUTHER. esq. Line. Inn.^ MITFORD, only April 11, 1H04. 

A son ; born Sept. 2. CATHARINE born A p. 

4. BERTRAM MITFORD, of the 9,1805. 10, 1807; died June 14, 
Inner Temple A 1811. 

5. CHARLES MITFORD died an infant. 3. ELIZABETH died an 

6. FRANCES MITFOKD born in 1768; died in 1780. Infant. 
I I 

XII. 1. WILLIAM MITFORD died an Infant. HENRY REVELEY MITFORD, esq. proprietor of Exbury, in Hants ; Klrky Wiske, 

2. FRANCES born in Antigua in 1797. In Yorkshire ; and Newton and Throphill, in this county : married, in 1828, 

3. LOUISA born in Antigua in 1799 ; died In his cousin lady Georgina Jemima Ashburnham, daughter of the earl of Ash- 
; buried at Exbury. burnham, by Charlotte, daughter of Algernon, earl of Beverley. 

The village of Newton Underwood stands about two furlongs north of the 
road from Elsderi to Morpeth, among rich fields, and having a large, dry, and 
clean green in its centre. The north side of it belongs to Henry Reveley 
Mitford, esq. ; the south side to Mr Bullock, of Spital-hill. At the north-east 
corner of it is a garden, containing an antient arch of 12 feet span, and built 
on walls six feet thick. Thirty years since there were two similar arches 
adjoining it to the east ; which, like the one remaining, opened to the south. 
The place where it stands was called the Old Walls, and in digging every 
way around it, strong foundations of buildings are still found ; but people 
in the village, whose ancestors have lived in it for several generations, have 
no story or tradition about it to what uses it was put, or to whom it belong- 
ed only they say it had in former times been a " bassel-house." The late 
Colonel Mitford had a great veneration for it, and planted the ivy which 
" overhangs its half-demolished walls." It was no doubt a fortalice or bastile 
house of the family of Eure. George Reveley, who purchased the place of 
lord Eure, resided at it in the year in which he died ; p but whether in this 
house or not, I have seen no account. 

THROPHILL has its name from being a j?jaop or village on a hill ; for it 
stands on a dry and fertile eminence, and commands a very extensive land 
and sea prospect. The township contains 875 acres of arable and pasture 
land, and 25 of woodland. " Wihelerdus de Trophil" held one knight's fee of 
the baron of Mitford, in 1165. In 1240, Humphrey de Mendham had one 
carucate of land here ; and William de la Tur another each holding by the 
soccage service of 2s. annually. Roger Bertram the Third gave the manor 
of Throphill to his son Thomas, who sold it to Hugh de Eure ; and, " in 

P Swinb. MSS. Hi. 87. 


33 Edw. I. John Bertram, son and heir of Thos. Bertram, levied a fine to John 
de Eure, son of Hugh de Eure ; and, by deed, released to Eure all claim in 
Throphill, subject to the dower of Eva, formerly wife of Roger Bertram, which 
had been purchased of Eva by John de Eure." q Edward III. in 1360, restored 
Henry de Fauden to certain lands in " Throphill and Mitford," .which Wm 
de Fauden had forfeited by being an adherent to Gilbert de Middleton ; and, 
in the same year, John de Ever, proprietor of this place and Newton Under- 
wood, as well as his neighbour Roger Corbet, of Stanton, had to pur- 
chase the clemency of the crown for the part they took under the banner 
of that famous captain/ One Thomas Hawley had property here, and 
half of Riplington, in 9 Henry V. s The Eure family, as related under 
Newton Underwood, sold this place in the time of James the First to George 
Reveley, of Ancroft; and, " on the death of William, grandson of George, 
without issue male, these manors passed under entail to George Reveley, son 
of Edward Reveley, of Tweedmouth ; and from him to his great grandson 
Henry Reveley, who died in 1800, and by his will devised them to his 
brother William Reveley for life, with remainder to his nephew Wm Mitford, 
of Exbury, Hants, for life ; m after whose death they descended to his son 
Henry Reveley Mitford, their present owner. One freehold tenement in 
i Throphill belongs to Edward Fairfoot, of Blyth. u 

NUNRIDING is a township, containing about 599 acres of ground, of a heavy 
quality, and chiefly arable, besides about 50 acres of woodland. The hall 
house upon it seems to be about 100 years old, is a single fabric, on a slope 
fronting the south ; has eight windows on the ground floor, and ten on the 
second. The chimnies are of stone, wind-raked, and in three stacks one at 
each end, containing three pipes ; and a double one in the middle, of six 
pipes. The garden is on the same southern slope, a little to the south-east 
of the house, and is fenced with a stone wall, surmounted with palisades. 

i Communicated by Lord Redesdale. r III. ii. 375, 376. s III. ii. 268. 

1 Communicated by Lord Redesdale. 

u In the Mitford Call Roll, already alluded to, William Reveley, esq. is given as the only free- 
holder the tenants being Thomas Potts, Rowland Reveley, Thomas Brewhouse, Wm Brewhouse, 
Robert Bewick, Lyonel Dixon, Thomas Pye, Bertram Pye, Hab. Ingha, and Thomas Watson, 
the names of Richard Tweedale, Edward Reveley, and Cornelius Henderson, in the list of tenants, 
having a line drawn through them. 



Lonely places require minute description. A stone bridge, overhung with ivy, 
and crossing a deep, narrow, and woody dell, just south of the house/ has the 
following inscription cut on the bevel of its battlement: " ROBERT FENWICK, 
place has its name from having been assarted or ridded of wood by the nuns 
of Halystane, to whom it was given by Roger Bertram the First, under the 
name of Baldwineswood, and by boundaries which are described in a charter 
of king Hen. the Third, dated at Newcastle in 1255, and reciting the original 
grant." After the dissolution of religious houses in the time of Henry the 
Eighth, it was in the possession of the family of Beadriell. In 1568, Lem- 
mington and Nunriding are returned by the queen's feodary as belonging to 
Edward Beadnell,* whose son Ralph Beadnell died 12 Aug. 19 Eliz. possess- 
ed of Lemmington, Leverchild, and Nunriding, and leaving a son Robert, 
who was ten years of age when the inquest after his father's death was taken 

T In an advertisement to let it, in the Newcastle Courant, 1 9th March, 1757, it is described as 
consisting of 1 2 good rooms, with sash windows; a large cellar, with three rooms above it, a 
brew-house, stable for nine horses, barn, and coach-house, and having a garden with good fruit 
trees in it. 

w Carta regis Henrici tertii. Rex archiepiscopis, &c. salutem . Sciatis nos pro saluto animae 
nostrae, et animarum antecessorum et heredum nostrorum concessisse et confirmasse priorissae et 
monialibus de Halystane donationes subscriptas, videlicet de dono Alesiae de Alneto totam 
terrain quam ipsa Alesia tenuit in villa de Hedrestone, scilicet tres bovatas terrae cum uno tofto 
et crofto et cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis ad prefatam villam pertinentibus . Et de dono 
Rogeri Bertram totum boscum qui vocatur Baldwineswode per has divisas : scilicet a campo 
fossati monialium ex austral! parte descendentis in Sillesdoneburne, et per Sillesdoneburne ascend- 
endo versus occidentem usque ad divisas de Thornetone & sic per vetus fossatum versus aquilo- 
nem usque divisas Rogeri de Merley et sic per illas divisas usque divisas de Stantone versus 
orientem et sic usque fossatum dictarum monialium versus aquilonem, cum libero introitu et 
exitu sine aliquo retenemento, ac cum omnimodo aisiamento et omnibus commoditatibus et utili- 
tatibus tarn in edificiis quam in aliis quae praedictae moniales infra praedictas divisas facere volue- 
rint vel potuerint, et cum libera multura bladi provenientis de eodem bosco ad molendina ipsius 
Rogeri in parochia de Midford, et cum communa ad omnimoda averia ipsarum monialium in 
communibus pasturis de Newtone & Trophill tune habitis extra divisis earundem monialium sicut 
cartae praedictorum Alesiae et Rogeri quas praedictae moniales inde habent rationabiliter testantur. 
Quare volumus (&c.) Dat. per manum nostram apud Novum Castrum super Tynam xxv. die 
Septembris (Dug. Mon. i. 476.) 

x Laws. MS. fol. 18. 


at Hexham, April 8, 1582. y After this time it became a possession of the 
family of Fenwick, of the adjoining township of Langshaw, in the parish of 
Longhorsley, whose history I have endeavoured to give in the following 


I. 1. MARY DEL' STROTHER, sister and co-heir of Wm del' Strother, heiress=rJoHN FENWICK, ofpEuzABETH, sister of sir 
of Wailington. (See II. i. 255, gen. 4.) | Newburne, esq. Roger Widdrington. 

I i I r-rn 

II. 1. JOHN DE FENWICK, of 1. ROGER FENWICK, high-constable of the castle of Newcastle, and high-sheriff of the countyr- 

Newburn. of Northumberland, to whom and the king, John Lilburn, of Shawden, esq., John Wetewood, 

2. WM FENWICK, ancestor of of Wetewood, esq., and John Carr, of Hetton, gen. were bound, 10 Nov. 19 Hen. VII. 1508, 

the Fenwicks of Wailington. for the appearance of John Raffle, of Chatton. (Orig. Bond among Stanton Papers.) 
8. ROBERT FENWICK, whose 2. RALPH FENWICK, of Longwitton, ancestor of the Fenwicks of Nunnykirk. 

grandson John married the 3. GERRARD FENWICK, of Burrowden, ancestor of the Fenwicks of Harbottle, Brinkburne,! 

heiress of Ken ton. East Hod win, &c. | 

III. 1. RALPH FENWICK, of Stanton, to swear whom into the offlce^MARJOR? MITFORD, dau. and 2. ROGER FENWICK, esq, 

of high-sheriff of the county, the abbot of Newmlrister had a dedimus 
potestatem from Henry VIII. dated 7 Nov. 1514% (Ex. Orig. penes 
I. H.) Sir Ralph, in an expedition into the Mers, in Scotland, headed 
by sir John Fenwick, of Wailington, in the beginning of July, 1524, 
after pursuing the enemy too far, was, with Leonard Musgrave, and 
other persons of note, taken prisoner. (See Ridp. 520. Wallis, it. 
524.; He was living 15 Aug. 25 Henry VIII., when he had a bond 
from John Fenwick, of Wailington (Lansd. MS. 326 ,- Fenwick deeds, 
ffo. VI) ; but died before 1535, when his widow entailed Stanton and 
Langshaws upon their sons Ralph and Anthony, as below. 

sole heir of Mitford, of of Greenleighton. (Set 

Stanton. By her will, dated II. i. 291.; 
Aug. 20, 27 Henry VIII. she 

enfeoffed Thomas Fenwick, of Littleharle, John Dent, 
of Byker, and Alexander Heron, of Meldon, in Stanton, 
and its appurtenances in Abscheeles, Limekilnflat, and 
East and West Langshaws, besides lands, &c. In Cress- 
well, Newbigging, and Newcastle, In trust, after her 
decease, for her sons, as related below. 

IV. 1. JOHN FENWICK, of Stan-^MARY GREY, of 
ton, esq., on whom and on his/KChillingham. 
heirs male, his mother Marjory 
Fenwick, of Stanton, widow of sir Ralph Fenwick, 
by deed, dated 10th August, 28 Henry the Eighth, 
entailed her manor of Stanton, with her lands 
there In Abshields and Limekilnflat ; remainder to 
her son Anthony, and heirs male ; remainder 
to her son Guiscard, and heirs male ; rein, to her 
right heirs. 

2. ANTHONY FENWICK, to whom = 
& to his heirs male, his mother, 
by deed, dated 10 Aug. 28 Hen. 
VIII. gave all her lands, woods, 
c. in East & West Langshaws ; 
rem. to his brothers John and 
Guiscard, and their heirs male 
successively ; rem. to her own 
right heirs. He was living 10 
Eliz. 1568, & possessed of Lang- 
shaws and Crawcrook, besides 

: ISABELL, daur. 3. GUISCARD, living, & 
of Perceval Sel- named in the entails of 
by, of Biddle- Stanton & Langshaws, 
ston. 10 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII. 

"Administration to hit 
goods 27 June, 1610, describes him of 
the parish of Hartburn, and mentions 
his wife Isabella, and his children John, 
William, and Thomas, as under age." 

lands In Temple Thornton. 

V. 1. STEPHEN FENWICK, of Langshaws, by Indenture, 9 May, 21 Eliz.=rELiz. daur. of 2. WILLIAM, son of Anthony Fen- 
granted, for 76 13s. 4d. one moiety of Temple Thornton, to Jas. Lisle, Thomas Hag- wick, in 1621, granted a messu- 
of Biddick, in co. Durham, which moiety Robert Lisle, the father of the gerston, of age, &c. in Thornton, to Nicholas 
said James had, in his life time, been seized of, and conveyed to Anthony Haggerston. Thornton, and his heirs. (Nether- 
Fenwick, father of the said Stephen. (Netherwitton papers.) tuition deeds.) 

I ' I 1 

VI. 1. GEORGE FENWICK, of Langshaws; living at the visitation of Northumb. In 1615 :-J-BARBARA, 1. DOROTHY, wife 
had a tenement in Langshaw, of the yearly value of 5, seized into the king's hand, in 1628 ; I d. of Robt. of Samuel Ogle, 
but, in the same year, he was a juror at the assizes at Newcastle, and his lands at Langshaw Mitford, of 2. IsABLL,wifeof 
were exonerated, by the sheriff of the county, from a debt of 10, due to the crown. (Swinb. Mitford. George Hunter. 

MSS. iii. 87, 245, 246, 801, 309.; 

I 1 | I 1 T r 1 1 

VII. 1. WILLIAM FENWICK, son and heir, aged 12 years=r 2. ROBERT. 3. ANTHONY. 4. CUTHBERT. 1. ANNE, wife of 

In 1615; resided at Nunriding in 1628, In which year he 
was a juror at the assizes at Newcastle. (Suinb. MSS. 
tit. 87.) Anne Gr<(y, of Morpeth, in her will, dated 15 
July, 1637, mentions a rent charge of 26s. 8d. a year out 
of the lands of William Fenwick, of Nunriding, gent. 
Wm Fenwick, in 1663, is returned as proprietor of Lang- 
shaw, Newton-west-side, Newton Mill, and Nunriding. 
(HI. i. 324.; His will, which Is at Durham, and dated 
4 Aug. 1675, mentions his grandson Joseph, and his son 
Robert. He was buried at Mitford, 26 Feb. 1676. 

VIII. ROBERT FENWICK, of Langshaws, executor of his father's 1 
will. In 1672, he had a mortgage of 212 on Fallowlees. ( Deed 
penes C. W. Bigge, esq.) Answered for Langshaws at the court 
baron of Stanton, 18 Car. II. He died at Langshaws, Feb. 6, and 
was burled at Mitford, February 19, 1693. Letters of adminis- 
tration were granted to his widow on the 19th of the same month 
and year. 

5. STEPHEN FENWICK. In his will, dated Chris. Metcalf. 
15 Dec. 1647, he describes himself as of Hart- 2. MARY. 
burn Grange, gent. ; and mentions his wife 3. FRANCES. 
Mary, then with child ; my sisters, Mary Fen- 
wick, of Nunriding, Frances Fenwick, and Anne Metcalf ; my 
brother Anthony's wife, my brother Cuthbert's wife ; my brother 
John Fenwick, and Mr William Fenwick, of Nunriding. Proved 
in 1649. (Raines Test. 675.; 

6. JOHN. 

=ISABF.LL, daur. of Robert Widdrington ; married at Wid- 
drington. Her will, which is dated 24 Nov. 1704, men- 
tions her son Benj. Fenwick as a sea-faring man; her 
grandson Robert Fenwick, son of her son Joseph ; her 
father Robert Widdrington, her son Thomas, her eldest 
son John. Codicil, dated May 8, 1705, mentions the six 
children of her son John. 

y Harl. MS. 759, p. 45, where Nunriding is described as consisting of three messuages and 
440 acres of land, holden of the king by the annual payment of 26s. 


Issue of Robert Fenwick and Isabell Widdrington. 

IX. 1. JOHN FENWICK, esq. of NUH--T-JANE TATHAM, 2. JOSEPH FENWICK had a son 1. JANE FENWICK died unmarried. 

riding and Langshaws, married at Tun- 
stal, in co. Lane. 5 Feb. 1687. His will, 
proved at Richmond, mentions his sons 
Robert and Nicholas, and his daughters 
Wilson, Tat ham, and Lambert ; his 
brothers Thomas and Benjamin. He 
died Nov. 27, 1782. 

heiress of Bur- Robert, who is mentioned in 2. ANNE FENWICK married Henry 
row Hall, or his grandmother's will; but Richardson, of Little Tosson, father 
Overborough, died unmarried. of Robt. Richardson, who married 

near Hornby, in 3. BENJAMIN FENWICK was a Isabella, dau. of Jared Handayside, 
Lancashire. capt. in the royal navy ; and, brother of Gen. Handayside, which 
according to a monumental Robert & Isabella had 3 sons and 2 
inscription in Kendal church, daurs. ; of whom, Thos. Richard- 
died 15 Nov. 1752, aged 54. son, the 2d son, marr. Anne Smith, 

4. THOMAS FENWICK, executor to his mother's will, in which he is of Stockton, by whom he had a da. 

mentioned as having a son John. Anne, wife of Edw. Codling, late 

of Wallington Dovecote-A 

S. MRS BARBARA FENWICK, of Nunriding, married at Mitford, 24 Nov. 1674, to " Mr Brough Evers, of Pigdon." 

4. PHILADELPHIA FENWICK, of Nunriding, mar. at Bolam to Geo. Harle, of Wallington, Jan. 31, 1671. They resided at Corridge. 

5. ISABELLA FENWICK died unmarried, at Nunriding, and buried at Mitford, June 8, 1705. 

6. MARY FENWICK, wife of Martin Hall, mentioned in her mother's will. 

-I I 

Burrow Hall, born 5 Nov. 1688. FENWICK, baptized at Tunstal, 28 bap. at Tuustal, SO stal, August 3, 1697 ; died at 
He was M. P. for the town of bap. 26 Dec. March, 1694; married Oct. 1694; married Watchfield, and buried at Ken- 
Lancaster ; king s sergeant in the 1689; mar- also at Tunstal, to Joshua Lambert, of dal July 7, 1753. 

ried John 
Wilson, of 

John Tatham, of Cau- 
tifleld,esq. 9February, 

Watchfleld, near 

5. ALICIA FENWICK, baptized at 
Tunstal in Dec. 1699. 

duchy court there ; also attorney 

general & sergeant of the county 

palatine of Lancaster. (Beauties 

Of England $ Wales, ix. 102. ) By 

his will, which is dated Nov. 4, 

1747, he left his estates to his brother Nicholas, and failing him to his nephew John Wilson, in tail male, on condition 

of his taking the name and arms of Fenwick. He died unmarried, and was buried at Tunstal 16 Feb. 1749. 

2. NICHOLAS FENWICK, esq. of Burrow Hall, bap. 24 Feb. 1690. By his will, which is dated 9 Sep. 1748, he devised 

his manor of Clatighton, and all his real estate in the township of Caton, with Cloughton arid Cressingham, with Esk- 

rig, in Lancashire, to his brother Robert ; and, failing him, to his nephew John Wilson, and his sons successively, &c. 

on condition that they severally use the name of Fenwick. (See Jour. H. C. xxvi. 76.) He died unmarried, and was 

buried at Tunstal 80 April, 1760. 

3. WILLIAM FENWICK, bap. 28 March, 1693, and buried at Tunstal 2 April, 1694. 

=MARY, daur. of 
John Govien, 

married 8 Feb. 
1760, at Saint 

Giles's, in Crip- 

plegate, Lond. 

XI 1. JOHN WILSON took the name of Fenwick under au- 1. FRANCIS TATHAM. ROBERT LAMBERT was a : 

thority of an act of parliament passed in the House of 2. JOHN TATHAM. surgeon's mate on board 
Commons 28 March, 1751, entitled " an act to enable John 3. NICHOLAS TATHAM H.M. S, Russell, Captain 
Fenwick, lately called John Wilson, and the heirs male of took the name of Fen- Drake, & died at sea, in 
his body, to take the name and bear the arms of Fenwick wick, by sign manual, that vessel, July 27, 1779. 
only, pursuant to the wills of Robert Fenwick & Nicholas on the death of his 

Fenwick." (Jour. H. C. xxvi. 154.) He married Miss Ben- cousin Thos. Fenwick; but. died s. p. and was 
son, of Horsley, near Burrow Hall ; but died s. p. and was buried at Kirby Lonsdale, July 26, 1801. 
buried at Tunstal, 10 Feb. 1757. In March, after his death, 
the house at Nunriding was advertised to be let (Newcastle Courant.') 

2. THOMAS WILSON, after his brother's death, took the name of Fenwick, and enjoyed Nunridiii?, and the other estates of the 
Fenwick family. He inherited the manor of Kentmere from his father. (Burns Westm. 135.) He was M. P. for West- 
morland from 1768 to 1774 ; but died without issue, and was buried at Tunstal, 7 April, 1794. 


in 1774 ; bap. at Mary-le- 
bone church : took the name of Fenwick, by patent, signed PELHAM, 30 July, 1801, on the death of 

1 1 T 



his cousin Nicholas Fenwick, son of John Tatham and Isabell Fenwick ; resides in Keppel-street, 3. ELIZ. LAMBERT. 
Brunswick-square, London. Besides being possessed of Nunriding. Langshaws, and a moiety of 
Brotherwick, in this county, he enjoys the family estates of the Fenwicks, in Lancashire and Westmorland. 

SPITAL HILL has its name from a hospital, founded upon it in the time of 
Henry the First by William Bertram, the founder of Brinkburn priory. It 
was dedicated to St Leonard, the patron and friend of prisoners, " that who 
that was in prison, and called his name in ayde, anone his bondes & fetters 
were broken, and went away without ony gaynsayenge frely, & came pre- 
sentynge to hym theyr chayns or yrens." z This place was endowed with lands 
for one chaplain or keeper. The advowson of it was vested in the barons of 

z Golden Legend. 


Mitford, and at the time of the death of the earl of Pembroke in 1323-4, it 
is stated to have been worth 6,5s. 8d. a year in peaceable times, but then 
waste and worth nothing. By an inquest, in 1377, its lands were found to 
consist of 40 acres, holden of the manor of Mitford by the service of guarding, 
on the eve and day of Ascension, the south bridge of Mitford, called the 
Fouse-brigg ; but the abbot of Newminster, long before that time, had con- 
verted them to his own purposes, and then still occupied them. Richard the 
Second, however, on account of the minority of David de Strathbolgie, earl 
of Atholl, granted the custody of this hospital to his beloved clerk, John de 
Wendhugs, jun. ; a and Matthew Bolton, vicar of Newcastle, and others, were 
put into some kind of trust respecting " the manor and spittall" of Mitford in 
1378-9. b In the reigns of Henry the Sixth and Edward the Fourth, it was 
in the advowson of the Percies of Athol, and their descendants ; c and, Sept. 
8, 1459, at the death of Elizabeth, and Sept. 24, 1464, at the death of Mar- 
garet, daughters of Henry de Percy, it was valued at 40s. a year/ In 1536, 
a tenement, called " the Spitelhill, or the Hospitall of St Leonard," is rec- 
koned among the possessions of the abbey of Newminster, and paid a fee-farm 
rent of 33s. 4d. to the crown. 6 George Wharton, of Spital-hill, gent, was a 
Northumberland freeholder in 1628 ; f and, in 1663, William Bullock is as- 
sessed on 10 a year for it in the county rate. g His descendant, the late Mr 
Bullock, of this place, married Mary, the daughter of Robert Mitford, of 
Mitford, esq. With the estate he inherited the spirit of a keen hunter, h for 
which his family was distinguished ; but dying without issue, the property 
devolved upon his nephew Thos. Thompson, who took the name of Bullock ; 
and, he also dying childless, his brother, Robert Thompson, of Morpeth, under 
the name of Robert Bullock, esq. became proprietor of this estate. 

NEWTON PARK is a township and constablery, containing 275 acres of mea- 
dow, pasture, and tillage ground, and six acres of woodland, lying between 

a Wallis, ii. 326. b III. ii. 251. c Id. 271, 276, 277. d Randal MSS. 

e Mon. Angl. 2nd ed. v. 401. f Swinb. MSS. iii. 87, 105. III. i. 285. 

h He was not a pot-hunter, or breeder of foxes for the sake of enjoying the expensive and 
citizen-like amusement of galloping after them, and killing them ; but he hunted foxes, and other 
vermin, for the purpose of exterminating them. A tale is told of the bottom and excellence of two 
of his dogs, which started a fox near Spital-hill, and ran him in a zig-zag course over Simonside, 
into the Cheviot-hills, a distance it is supposed of nearly 70 miles (Mack. ii. 145.; This family 
of Bullock were probably descended from one of the same name in Islandshire, in North Durham. 


the township of Benridge and the picturesque banks of the Font. Henry 
Reveley Mitford, esq. is sole proprietor of it. This place is not mentioned as a 
distinct ville in the account of the services in the barony of Mitford in 1240, 
in the assessment for defraying the expences of the knights of the shire at the 
parliament in 1382, or in any other antient document I have seen. There 
certainly were different parks in this parish. John Estlington died seized of 
" Mitford Park" in 1264. But, I think the place now called Newton Park was 
the " Mitford Park" which Roger Bertram the Third had alienated to Hugh 
de Eure before 1274 ;' and which he, in his deed of conveyance, calls " mag- 
num meum parcum de Mitford" my great park of Mitford. J In the inquisition 
after the death of John, son of Hugh de Eure, it is called " Mitford Park ;" 
and it passed, with other possessions of the Eures in this parish, by sale, to 
the Reveleys, and from them, by entail, to the Mitfords of Exbury. k 

s III. i. 104. 

> This place is, however, I apprehend, to be distinguished from the " Great Park of Mitford," 
of which Robert de Stutteville and his wife Alianor were possessed in 1294; and which, I think it 
probable, laid near the castle of Mitford, and on the south side of the Wansbeck. (See III. i. 129.^ 
There was also a park in this parish called Wychenley, which Roger Bertram the Third sold to 
Ralph de Cotum, together with " Benerig," which, as I have before observed, adjoins on Newton 
Park. (III. i. 104.) Another account says that Bertram sold " Benrigg," with the wood of 
Wichenley, to Adam de Gesemouth (Id. 116; but see also III. ii. 360. J It is, perhaps, difficult 
to determine where the park of Mitford was situated, to which the street led in which the affray 
happened in 1284 between the servants of the families of Stutteville and Eure. 

k This was a favourite retreat of the author of the History of Greece during his visits to the 
north. He made some additions to the farm-house, for his own convenience, which were occupied 
for a short time by his son and successor in the autumn of 1828. He delighted in the stillness of 
the place, and in the finely wooded banks of the Font. 

Due me ubi FONS oriens tortis se erroribus ornat, 
Qua nectit querulam lugubris unda moram. 

(Prolus. Trevylianis, p. 16.) 

His brother, Lord Redesdale, has prefixed to the last edition of his History of Greece, " A short 
account of the author, and of his pursuits in life, with an apology for some parts of his work," 
from which the following account is abstracted : " He was born Feb. 10, 1743. When he was a 
school-boy, he took a fancy to the Greek in preference to the Latin language, and to the Grecian 
character in preference to the Roman ; but rather as that character was offered to his youthful 
imagination in other works than those of the most authoritative Greek historians in Plutarch 
rather than in f hucydides arid Zenophon." While at school, he was attacked, at the age of 15, 


BENRIDGE is a township, and in olden times was called Ben-rigge, which 
means the high-ridge, a name probably derived from its situation on the slope 
of the high ridge of land which runs through this township from east to west. 
It contains 1085 acres of open ground, and about 20 of woodland, and con- 
sists of seven farms, three of which, called East, West, and Middle Benridge, 
form a straggling hamlet, on the south side of the highway from Stanton to 
Morpeth, and probably occupy the site of the antient ville of Benrigge. The 
other farms are Benridge-hag, still a woody place ; Benridge-mo&r, so named 
from being seated on the boundary between the antient inclosed lands of this 

with a severe illness, which checked his progress in his favourite study ; and after his recovery, as 
he was intended for the bar, he was recommended to give his attention to Latin ; but, on his re- 
moval to Oxford, finding himself, by the death of his father, in competent circumstances, he was 
there very much his own master, and therefore easily led to prefer amusement to study. Under 
the " lax discipline allowed to a gentleman commoner," he however found time to attend Pro- 
fessor Blackstone's celebrated lectures on the laws of England, of which he took copious notes. 
But giving up all thoughts of qualifying himself for practising in courts of justice as "distasteful" 
to his feelings, he resolved to abandon the study of legal science, and at the age of 22 entered into 
the married state, and finding " his family increasing, he retired to his paternal property at Ex- 
bury, in Hampshire, adjoining the New Forest, and then one of the most sequestered spots to be 
found within a hundred miles of London." In this solitude, for the space of several years, his 
tune was almost wholly given up to the society of his own family, and the perusal of the works of the 
antient Greeks. At the age of 32, the loss of his wife was succeeded by a second severe illness ; 
but, on his partial recovery, in October, 1776, he set out for Nice, with the intention of wintering 
there. Previous to this time he had become acquainted with M. de Meusnier and M. de Villoison, 
two young Frenchmen who had acquired distinguished reputation as Greek scholars. These 
gentlemen, on his way to Greece, introduced him to the Baron de St Croix, author of a work on 
the Historians of Alexander the Great ; at whose house at Mourmourin, in the county of Avignon,, 
he spent some time, both in his journey to Nice and on his return to England. During his resi- 
dence at Exbury he had also been a captain in the South Hampshire militia, of which the author 
of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire was major. These connections roused him to the 
pursuit of his favourite study, and Gibbon in particular urged him to undertake the History of 
Greece ; " much of the early part of which was compiled to relieve the irksome idleness of a 
peaceful camp, or of country quarters. The rest followed as leisure and occasion permitted." He 
also published, in an octavo volume, A Treatise on the Public, Mystical, and Philosophical Reli- 
gions of Antient Greece, which in some degree may be considered as a supplement to his history 
of that country. Mr Mitford, however, did not confine his labours and his talents entirely to the 
cultivation of letters. He sat in several parliaments, was an active magistrate, verdurer of the 
New Forest, and finally lieut.-colonel of the South Hampshire militia. He died at his seat at 
Exbury, Feb. 8, 1827, at the advanced age of 84. 


township and a wild moor belonging to it, but now inclosed ; Lough-house, 
which has its name from a splashy fen just south of it ; and Hole-on-the-hitt, 
the lands of which are bounded on the north by an unfrequented and whinny 
lane, in which parts of an old causeway leading north over Stanton-law to- 
wards Rothbury are still in good repair. The only tenants in this manor 
noticed in records during the time of the Bertrams are two soccagers, namely, 
Gilbert Hiring, who held 34 acres by the annual payment of 2s. ; and Alan 
the chaplain, who had two oxgangs for one pound of cumin. 1 Soon after 
which time Roger Bertram the Third was accused of having alienated 40 
acres of land in the field of " Benrig," and an annual rent of 20 marks to the 
abbot of Newminster. 1 " In 52 Hen. III. 1267-8, sir Hugh de Ever had a grant 
from the crown of lands here, and in other parts of the Mitford barony ; n and 
sir John de Eure, in the time of Edward the Second, is returned as possessed 
of lands and tenements in Benrigge, which he forfeited by adherence to Gil- 
bert de Middleton, but were restored by Edward the Third ; for, in 1422, his 
descendant, sir Ralph de Eure, who was a great man in Northumberland, 
died seized of one-fifth part of the ville of Benrigge, very possibly the part 
now called Newton Park. I think it probable, however, that a considerable 
interest in the manor and lands of this township passed from the Bertrams to 
the barons ofBolbeck after the year 1242; for the Bolbeck family do not 
appear to have had any possessions here prior to that time ; but, in 23 Edw. 
III. 1349, Wm de Herle, lord of half the barony of,Bolbeck, held the ville of 
Benerigge and lands in Overgares of the barony of Mitford ; p and William, 
baron of Greystock, whose great grandfather married one of the co-heiresses 
of Hugh de Bolbeck in 1282, was proprietor of the other half of the Bolbeck 
barony, and in 1359 is returned as dying possessed of " Benrige in the manor 
of Mitford." q The escheats also return the Greystock family as holding 
" Benriche" manor in 1404 and 1418, and as having ten messuages in it in 
1436. r In 1568, Thomas lord Dacre is returned as proprietor of the ville of 

1 III. i. 215. m Id. 104. n III. ii. 392. Wallis, ii. 554, 555. 

P III. i. 75. 

i See part ii. vol. i. p. 240, where it appears that the Greystocks at that time had exchanged 
their interest with the Herles in the Lancaster moiety of the Bywell part of the Bolbeck barony, 
for lands in Angerton and that neighbourhood. 

r III. ii. 264, 268, 272. 


Benrige/ In 1666, Charles earl of Carlisle was sole proprietor in it ;' and, 
at present, the whole of the township belongs to George Howard, earl of 
Carlisle, the lineal descendant of the Greystock and Dacre families, some of 
whom probably purchased the messuage of which sir John de Mitford died 
seized in this place in 1409." 

PIGDON was antiently written Pykeden, a name probably derived from 
peake or pike, the summit or top of a conical eminence, and dun, a hill ; and 
thus meaning the peaked hill." It is a manor and township consisting of 
1093 acres, 2 roods, and 23 perches, in a ring fence, of which 208 acres are 
covered with wood, principally oak. w Ralph de St Peter, x in 1165, held two 
knight's fees of land in the barony of Mitford ; y and, about the year 1240, the 
heirs of Walter de St Peter held " Pykeden," and Edington, in this parish, and 
Berwick, in Ponteland, by two knight's fees of the old feoffment, z at which 
time " Pykeden" does not appear to have had any soccage tenants in it. In 
52 Henry III. 1267-8, sir Hugh de Ever had a grant of lands in " Benriche, 
Pykeden, Edington, and Calverdon ;" a and Andrew de Kerkeby had a grant 
" of free warren in Little Berewyke and Pykeden," in Northumberland, by 
Edward the Second, in 1311-12. b In 1568, Pigdon was one of the manors 

8 Laws. MS. fol. 15. l Mitford Call Roll for that year. u III. 265. 

T Piga, in barbarous Latin, means the top of the nose (JLinsw.) ; and Pic, in French, a peak, an 
eminence, a conical hill. Hence the name of the Peake of Teneriffe ; Pica, the conical island in 
the Azores ; and, in our own country, the Peak, in Derbyshire, and Knock and Dufton Pikes, both 
conical detached hills in Westmorland. 

w The village stands in an elevated situation, and overlooks the valleys of the Font and Wans- 
beck, and a great extent of country to the east, south, and west. Not many years since it had two 
farm-houses in it, and a row of cottages, on the south side of the road leading through it ; but one 
of the farm-houses was burnt down, and never re-built, and all the cottages are ruined now, or 
pulled down, except one. The whole township is in two farms, one of which lies to the west of 
the village, and is called Maiden Hall. " Both coal and lime are found upon the estate." (Newc. 
Courant, 19 September, 1819.; 

x Ralph de St Peter is witness to a grant of Roger Bertram the First, in the Brinkburn chartu- 
lary.f jFfar/. MS. 294, No. 3193.; Richard de St Peter also tested a deed respecting Stanning- 
ton, about the year 1244 (III. ii. 66) ; and another respecting Plessy, between 1246 and 1256. 
(Id. 70. J Roger de Bertram the Third alienated the manor of Erchelaw (Kirkley) and the ser- 
vices of Constance de St Peter, which consisted of one and a half knight's fee, to Hugh de Eure, 
whose ancestors held that place till the time of queen Elizabeth. (See III. i. 103.; 

y Lib. Nig. and Evid. p. 47, No. 1. * III. i. 207. * HI. ii. 392. b HI. ij. 394. 



of George Heron, of Chipchase, 6 and was holden by him as of the queen's 
manor of Mitford at the time of his death, 10 Sept. 33 Eliz. 1591 ; d and his 
son John Heron demised this place to Thos. and Giles Heron, against which 
Thomas a writ of levari facias was issued out of the court of wards for half 
the manor of Pigdon in 1628; but, on his showing a discharge, the sheriff 
levied nothing. 6 In 1663, it belonged to Mark Milbank, of Newcastle, esq. ; 
and, in 1819, was sold, together with a moiety of the tithes of this parish, by 
his descendant Mark Milbank, esq. of Thorp Perreau, near Bedale, in York- 
shire, to William Surtees, esq. formerly of Newcastle and Seaton-burn, its 
present proprietor/ father of Aubone Surtees, esq. alderman of Newcastle. 

c Laws. MS. fol. 19. d Inq. p. m. 35 Eliz. K. 625. " Swinb. MSS. iii. 215. 

f In former times we find cadets of the family of Dolphanby residing here. George Dofonby, 
of Pigdon, was a commissioner for enclosing the Middle Marches in 1552. (Border Laws.) John 
DofFenby held certain lands here in 1568 (Laws. MS. Jol. 18; The Dolphanby family were 
rich proprietors in Gateshead in the time of Henry the Fifth, and for some time after. One of 
them founded a chantry in the church there. Mr Surtees has given a pedigree of them of three 
generations. (Hist. Dur. it. 1J7. Brand's Newc. i. 491. j " Mr John Doffenby" was one of the 
freeholders of Dalton, near Stamfordham, in 1663 (III. i. 290.} But Pigdon had the honor, in 
former times, of being the domicile of a family of still higher name than Dolphanby. Nov. 24, 
1674, Mr Brough Evers, of Pigdon, was married to Mrs Barbara Fenwick, of Nunriding; and, 
May 15, 1684, John Henks, of Mitford, to Catharine Evers, of Pigdon; and Nov. 24, 1684, Ann, 
daughter of Mr George Evers, of Pigdon, was buried at Mitford.* (Mitford Registers.) 

1. RECTORY OF MITFORD. Queen Elizabeth, in 
the second year of her reign, granted to Matthew Ogle 
the rectory of Mitford, to be holden of her as of the 
manor of East Greenwich (Mick. MS. 33^ ; and, in the 
tenth year of the same reign, Robert Middleton, of 
Belsay, esq. had a moiety of the parsonage of Mitford. 
(Laws. MS. fol. 19. j Catharine, the widow of Wm 
Whittingham, dean of Durham, by will, dated 9 Dec. 
1590, left her second son Daniel Whittingham her mo- 
iety of it (Randal.) In 1663, the whole tythes, as 
well as the rectorial glebe land of this parish, belonged 
in moieties to Francis Radcliff, esq. and Mr Henry 
Rawling, of Newcastle, and were assessed to county 
rate upon a rental of ^100 (HI. i. 284. J Afterwards 
they belonged to Greenwich Hospital and sir Benjamin 
Rawling, knight, son of Mr Henry Rawling, by Alice, 
daughter of Robert Ellison, of Hebburn Hall, in the 

county of Durham, esq. Sir Benjamin, in 1774, re- 
sided at Putridge, in Bedfordshire. At his death, his 
personal effects, amounting to about ; 140,000, went to 
his relative Elizabeth Ellison. The Rawling moiety of 
these tythes was sold to the Milbanks of Thorpe Per- 
reau, who sold it and Pigdon to William Surtees, esq. 
their present owner, and father of Aubone Surtees, esq. 
The other moiety was sold by Greenwich Hospital to 
Lord Redesdale ; and in these transactions arrangements 
were made for releasing all the lands of Bertram Mit- 
ford, esq. and the late Col. Mitford from the payment 
of every kind of tythe due upon them to the lay impro- 
priators of this parish. Col. Mitford also, at the same 
time, purchased the whole of the glebe lands of this rec- 
tory, which consist of nearly 60 acres, and form a dis- 
tinct township, for the payment of poor and highway 
rates, though no constable is appointed upon them. 
Greenwich Hospital sold their share of this rectory, 



the two ESPLEYS, contain about 1185 acres, of which 40 are woodland : they 
are one constablery, but contain three separate divisions for the maintenance 
of the poor, viz. : 1. Low Highlaws, Warreneifs Houses, and Loaning-end^ 

and the whole of the rectory of Whelpington, to redeem 
their other estates from the payment of land tax. 

2. CuthbertPye had a grant of lands and tenements 
in Mitford from queen Eliz. July 17 5 1565 ; and, in 
Feb. 1574, the same queen granted other lands and 
tenements in the same place to Henry Haggerston 
(Land Rev. Rec. Hi. 226 ; xii. 181 , xx. 39, $c.) 

3. Lord Redesdale informs the author that he has 
the following notes : 1. " Sir Roger Bertram lies buri- 
ed in Brinkburn Priory, with this inscription : Hie 


taken from a note made by Humphrey Mitford, son of 
Robert, to whom Charles the Second granted the castle 
of Mitford." 2. " Robert Mitford, who married Phila- 
delphia Wharton, had carried a very antient deed, dated 
before the Conquest, to Durham, upon a law suit ; and 
that that deed had in consequence been lost : For what 
could this suit have been ?" Was it about Gretham ? 

4. ' MYTTFORD. The manor and barony of Mytt- 
ford of the antient rent of G and upwards .- the scyte 
and demaynes of the priory of Brenekburne of 1 also 
and upwards : and the tenement called Bassenden, of 
about 2, were parcels of the possessions of Thomas 
Percy, earl of Northumberland, and were reckoned to- 
gether, according to some, at 14 17s. lid. and after 
the death of the said earl, were in the hand of queen 
Elizabeth, viz. in 1586. Mitford, 6 ; Brinkburn, 7 
4s. 4d. ; Bassington, \ 13s. 4d.; total, ^14 17s. lid." 
(Sir D. Smith's MSS.) 

5. In 1382, the borough of Mitford is assessed at 
2s., the borough of Warkworth being assessed at the 
same time at 3s., and that of Morpeth at 5s., towards the 
expences of the knights of the shire while attending 
parliament. ( Wallis, it. apx. p. 5.) 

6 The master of the hospital of St Lazarus, at Bur- 
ton, had lands at Mitford (III. i. 122, 198; ; also the 
prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem ( Id. 130. ) 

7 DONKSTOX, which belonged to sir Francis Rad- 
cliffin 1663, is the name of two fields in this parish, 
which now belong to Greenwich Hospital ; which cor- 

poration also have about four acres of land in Meldon 
Park, which belong to the township of Throphill. 

8 HAHESTANES is the name of two fields in the 
farm of East Coldside, and the vicar of Mitford's ground 
bearing that name is in the one called West Harestane. 
The three farms called East, West, and Middle Cold, 
side, are situated in the district of Mitford township 
which is called Mitford Southside, which also includes 
a part of Morpeth High Common and the vicar's land 
called Gubeon. Has this name Harestane been given 
from some boundary stone which antiently stood upon 

9. Besides the principal freeholders in this parish 
who voted at the election in 1774, Jacob Lee, of Blyth, 
occurs in a list as having a freehold at Throphill, and 
George Crow, of Coldside, as having one at Bog-hall. 
In 1826, Edward Fairfoot, of Blyth, voted for a house 
and land in Throphill. 

10. On an eminence called Whittle-hill, in the west 
part of the township of Throphill, and adjoining to 
Meldon Park Corner, were three entrenchments formed 
of earth and stone, each about 200 yards long, lying in 
lines parallel to each other from east to west, and flank- 
ed with a fourth rampart running north and south, 
thus | | | The stones were removed about 30 years 
since. Many of them bore marks of fire, and several 
querns or hand millstones were found among them. 
About a mile south-east of Whittle-hill there is a field 
called Moneybanks, from small silver coins having been 
frequently found in it. One of these coins, communi- 
cated with this account to the author, by Mr William 
Brewis, of Throphill, is a silver penny of Edward the 
First. This field adjoins the Wansbeck, and had for- 
merly the public road leading through it, and a public- 
house and water corn mill upon it. 

11. PLANTS growing near Mitford: Ornithogalum 
luteum, or Yellow-star of Bethlehem ; Myosotis sylva- 
tica, floribus albis, Wood-scorpion grass with white flow- 
ers ; Veronica montana, floribus albis, mountain speed- 
well with white flowers ; Aquilegia vulgaris, 



which belong to William Ord, of Whitfield, esq. ; g 2. High Highlaws, which 
belongs to William Orde, esq. of Nunnykirk ; and, 3. High and Low Espley, 
which are the property of Messrs Benjamin and William Thompson, of 

EDiNGTON h is a township in the west division of Castle ward, and contains 
631 acres, 2 roods, 31 perches. The village stands in a very commanding 

g Roger Bertram the First let the grange of Heylaw to the monks of Newminster, which place, 
as well as one called Highley, his grandson Roger Bertram the Second held in capite of the 
crown. But their unfortunate successor released all his claim in Highlaws Grange to the grantees 
of it under his great grandfather's lease (Dug. Mon. ii. 916. Wallis, ii. 31 3 J In 28 Henry 
VIII. " Highley Grange" paid a fee-farm rent of 4 a year to the crown, and a clause in High- 
ley 1 6s. 8d. (Dug. Mon. 2nd ed. vol. v. p. 402.) The grange was situated at the hamlet called 
the Loaning-end. In the tenth year of the reign of queen Elizabeth " Highley and Loaning- 
head" were possessions of the crown as parcel of the lands of the dissolved monastery of New- 
minster. (Wallis, ii. 312. Laws. MS. 13 J In 1663, High Highlees belonged to Mr Edward 
Pye, of the Abbey, and Low Highlees and Loaning-end to Charles Brandling, esq. (HI. i. 284.) 

ESPLEY had no military tenants in it in 1240 ; but was then all holden by Wm de Espely, by 
the soccage service of one pound of pepper, excepting 20 acres which were holden by Cecilia de 
Espeley by the payment of one pound of cumin. (Id. 215.) Two years after, it seems to have 
belonged to the Herons of Hadston (Id. 43) ; though, in 1374, Thomas de Espley died seized of 
lands in it holden as of the castle of Mitford. (Id. S7.J In 1409, the inquisition after the death 
of sir John de Mitford returns him as dying in possession of the manor of Espley, which continued 
to be a possession of his descendant Robert Mitford in 1663 ; but, in 1774, it belonged to Henry 
Whitehead, esq. a captain in the first regiment of dragoon guards, who, at that time, resided at the 
mansion-house at Low Espley, and of whom the whole estate was purchased by the late Alex. 
Adams, esq. at the death of whose natural son, both it and Eshet became escheats, and were sold 
by the crown, Espley to Messrs Thompson, its present proprietors, and Eshet to Mr Adams, and 
their produce given to the relations of Alex. Adams, in Longhoughton. 

h EDINGTON, like Pigdon and Berwick-on-the-hill, in the time of Henry the Second, belonged 
to the family of St Peter, whose heirs, in 1240, ought to have holden them of the barons of 
Mitford by two knight's fees of the old feoffment. (HI. i. 207.) In Part iii. vol. ii. p. 324, we 
have given a notice of a writing made by Hugh de Pleseys, lord of the manor of Edyngton, in 
favour of the men of that manor, but this transaction plainly relates to Edington, in Wiltshire. 

columbine. (Communicated by W. C. Trevelyan, of Wal- 
lington, esq.) The last of these plants is not uncommon 
on river sides, especially below monasteries or villages. 
12. Extracts from the Mitford PARISH REGISTERS : 
Married 25 May, 1679, Mr Henry Lee and Magda- 
lene Delaval, by licence. Bap. 28 Nov. J 729, Charles 

the posthumous son of John Murray, of Auchtertyre, 
in the parish of Minifraid, Scotland. (See Doug. Bar. 
of Scot. p. 147-^ Buried March 4, 1748. John Fen wick, 
of Mitford, aged 114. Bap. 12 Nov. 1749, Gawen, son 
of Robert Vaughan, esq. of Mitford. Rev. Edward 
Nicholson, vicai, buried 13th December, 1828. 


situation, having the whole of the parish of Mitford, its fields, woods, ham- 
lets, and the dark and winding banks of the Font and Wansbeck beautifully 
mapped below it. Simonside, the Cheviot-hills, broad expanses of the Ger- 
man ocean, Gateshead Fell, and the mountains which lie beyond Blanchland 
and Hexham, are also seen from it. To the west of it there is excellent grass 
and turnip soil on a decaying sandstone, which is much esteemed for mixing 
with lime for mortar and plaster, and of which considerable quantities have 
been used in the new mansion-house at Cresswell, and in other buildings, of 
late years. The whole township is now in one farm, and has of late had a 
very excellent and commodious farm-house, a wind thrashing mill, and conve- 
nient cottages built upon it within the precinct of the old village, by sir 
Chas. M. L. Monck, baronet, its present proprietor. 

MoLESDEN 1 township contains 683 acres, of which 72 are in wood ; the rest 

(See Abb. Rot. Grig. p. 272, fyc.J The abbot and convent of Newminster claimed free warren here 
in 1294, but do not seem to have defended their claim (III. i. 137) ; though, in 1364, they appear 
to have had some negotiations with the crown respecting this place fid. 82) : in 1372, Robert 
de Fenwick conveyed to them two parts of the ville (Duff. Mon. ii. 917), which parts were probably 
the tenement which had belonged to that body, and which, in 1536, accounted to the crown for a 
fee-farm rent of 4 a year. In 1568, it belonged to William lord Eure. (Wallis, ii. 556. Laws. 
MS. 15.) Ralph Middleton, gent, a direct lineal ancestor of sir Charles Monck, is described in 
the list of jurors for Morpeth ward in 1628, as of Edington. (Swinb. MSS. ii. 85. J In 1663, Mr 
John Brownell is returned as proprietor of this place ; and in the Mitford Call Roll for 1666-8, 
the name of " sir Wm Middleton, bart. and Edward Shotton" are put under " Eddington," with 
those of John Colthard and Thomas Brown having a line drawn through them. 

1 This place is very variously written Mollisden, Mollysden, Mollesdon, Mollisdown, Molleston, 
Molliston, Molestone, Molston, &c. &c. In antient times the name was probably pronounced as 
three syllables Mol-lys-den. I also suppose that the moles in the Mitford arms were intended as 
a pun upon the name of this place, from the family residing upon it when the arms were first 
granted. If this conjecture be right, the Mitfords of Seighill branched off from the Mitfords of 
Mitford and Molesden, after they purchased the latter place. Lord Redesdale, however, thinks 
that the three moles on the Mitford arms " were probably taken from the river on which Mitford 
stands the Wantsbeck, or Mole's river ; for the low grounds on the banks of the river are to this 
day remarkably full of moles, and the want is a common name for the mole in many parts of the 

Molesden had no military tenants in it in 1240 ; but Brun le Vilur, at that time, held 48 acres 
in it by the payment of 6d. - (III. i. 215.) Prior to the year 1274, Alexander de Balliol and 
Alianor de Genevre were in possession of the ville of " Mollesdon," which they had purchased of 
Agnes Bertram, the grand-daughter of Roger Bertram the Third (Id. 116) ; and which continued 



adapted to the growth of oats and wheat. The land south of the village for- 
merly was an open uncultivated moor ; but for several years past has been 
inclosed, and put under cultivation. The old enclosed grounds laid between 
the village and the Wansbeck, where this township terminates to the north in 
fine haugh land, and river banks covered with woods or broom. The village 
of Molesden stands by the wayside from Meldon to Mitford, and on the east 
side of a crooked burn, which enters the Wansbeck about half a mile below 
the village, by some called the Mole's-burn, and supposed to give name to the 
place. The whole township belongs to the descendant of its antient possess- 
ors, Bertram Mitford, of Mitford, esq. 

The parish of LONG HORSLEY is bounded on the north by the river 
Coquet, on the east by the parish of Felton and the chapelry of Hebburn, on 
the south by the parish of Mitford and the chapelry of Netherwitton, which 

with their successors in the barony of Mitford till David de Strathbolgie, the 13th earl of Atholl, 
sold it to sir John de Mitford, the deed of feoffment for the conveyance of which is dated at Aew- 
tonHall,\n 1369; and limited the inheritance of the place to the grantee and his heirs male, 
with remainder to the earl himself, under whom it and his successors in the barony of Mitford it 
required the premises to be holden. (See JVallis, it. 318.} From this time to the present, the 
Mitfords of Mitford have been proprietors here. William de Mitford, the second of that family 
who had lands in it, died about the year 1423, possessed of a capital messuage called Molleston 
Park. (Wattis, ii. 327, 328.; 

I omit several notices connected with the Valentia and Strathbolgie families and this manor, or 
detached pieces of property in it. (See III. i. 64, 67, 87; ///. ii. 277. ) But it may be curious 
to some to know that Roger Bertram the Third gave to Robert Stitchell, bishop of Durham, the 
advowson of the church of Meldon, with a toft and a croft, with their appurtenances, which Simon 
Coy held in " Molestone," and which was near to the ground of sir William Daubeni, and 
one acre of his demesne land which laid in the culture called Banrige, and on the east side of 
the said ville. (III, it. 50. ) These were probably the toft and the two acres of ground, with the 
alienation of which Bertram is charged in the Hundred Rolls. - (III. i. 1 16 .) Besides which, the 
said Roger Bertram alienated 34 acres of land in this township, together with one and a half 
knight's fee in Meldon and Prestwick, to Walter de Camboe (Id. 104 ) ; which lands in Molesden 
probably descended to the Fenwick family (See II. i. 285; ; for Elizabeth de Heton, widow of sir 
John Fenwick, in 1412, was in possession of lands in " Mollisden" (III. ii. 267; ; and again, in 
1424, lands in " Mollysden" are returned as having been holden in that year by Elizabeth, widow 
of John Fenwick, cbivalier. - (Id. 270.; In 34 Edw. III. 1360, Isabella, widow of William de 
Denum gave a fine of 100s. for licence to acquire lands in " Meldon and Molesden" (Id. 327; ; 
and, according to an inquest after her death, she was seized in fee of the lands in Molesden, which 
were parcel of her lands in Meldon, and holden by her in capite, the tenants under her being at 
will, and paying a rent of 20s. a year. (See above, pp. 5 fy 15. ) 


chapelry and a part of the parish of Rothbury complete its western boundary. 
Its breadth from north to south, from the grounds of Gorfen Letch to Weldon 
bridge, is about five miles ; arid its extreme length, from the west side of Win- 
gates township to the boundary of the parish, near Bokenfield, about 7 miles. 
The diagonal line through it, from the southern boundary of Langshaws to the 
eastern limit of the Linden quarter, on the Coquet, is nearly 8 miles on the maps. 
Exclusive of Wingates and Witton-shield, it contains about 8,726 acres. In 
1821, it had 1,006 persons, inhabiting 204 houses, and chiefly employed in 
agriculture. It is divided into nine distinct townships, called Linden quarter, 
RiddelPs quarter, the Freeholder's quarter, Langshaws, Stanton, Witton- 
shield, Todburn, Wingates, and the extra-parochial township called Brinkburn 
South-side. The great sandstone stratum called the Millstone Grit, passing 
through it, in the direction from Netherwitton towards Bokenfield, a large 
portion of its soil is of a sandy nature, and in the neighbourhood of the vil- 
lage of Long Horsley arid of Linden very fertile, and adapted to every species 
of husbandry. This fine tract of land which lies between Whomley-burn and 
Linden, and in which the sandstone stratum is spread out to great breadth, 
was probably, in the Saxon a3ra, the Horse-ley from which the parish derived 
its name. The addition of long to it is of rare occurrence in antient writings. 
It was probably added to distinguish it from Horsley, in the parish of Oving- 
ham. In the oldest records, it is simply called Horsley, or North-horsley. 
The tract lying to the south-east of Whomley-burn, and comprising Horsley 
Moor, and the townships of Stanton, Witton-shield, and Langsbaws, varies 
very much in quality, from great barrenness to very profitable ground, but 
chiefly consists of a stiff clayey soil, employed in the growth of wheat and 
oats ; of which description of soil the townships of Brinkburn South-side, 
Todburn, and Wingates also principally consist. Fine thriving woods deco- 
rate considerable portions of the banks of the Font and Coquet, and of 
the dells through which the Todburn and Linden wind their way into the 
latter river. The new plantations and shrubberies about Linden also thrive very 
luxuriantly ; and oaks, found by Mr Bigge in his draining operations on that 
estate, about two feet below the surface, some of them containing above 400 
feet of timber, are probably remains of the woods of Horsley, out of which 
Roger de Merlay the Third, about the year 1256, granted leave to John de 
Plessy to procure timber to make and repair his mill at StanningtonJ These 

i Cart. Rid. 58, 63. 


magnificent remains of fallen woods prove how friendly the soil and climate of 
the place were in former days to the growth of the king of the forests. Coals, 
and a bed of limestone, probably one of those which traverse the parishes of 
Bolam and Meldon, and the eastern part of the parish of Hartburn, are found 
in the township of Stanton, apparently above the stratum of millstone grit ; k 
and other and more antient beds, both of coal and lime, are found in the 
townships of Todburn and Wingates. 

I am indebted to C. W. Bigge, esq. for showing me the route of the Roman 
road, called Cob's Causeway, through this parish, which it enters on Horsley 
Moor from the south, a little to the south-east of the cottage at Southward- 
edge, and passes close by the end of Mr Lisle's farm-house on Todburn Moor, 
from which place it goes nearly in a straight line, and continues distinctly 
visible to the brow of the slope towards the Todburn, where the way leads 
northward from Horsley Bricks to the Coquet, which river it crossed a little 
below Brinkheugh. Over parts of Horsley Moor it has never been disturbed, 
and a hedge, with old trees on each side of it, runs a considerable way along 
it in the farm of Todburn Moor. In viewing its line from the south to the 
north, from Southward-edge, it is impossible not to be struck with admiration 
at the directness of its course, and the excellence of its levels. Though it gene- 
rally runs along firm ground, yet ordinary objects, such as a bog or brook, 
never seem to have had any influence in diverting its line ; but when a chain 
of elevated lands is to be passed, it takes the lowest level in its direction. 
South of Long Framlington, it passes to the west of the Bremish turnpike 
road ; but, when that road begins to ascend Rimside Moor, the Roman way 
sweeps off to the north-east, and takes the gorge between Rimside Moor and 
Glantlees, a line greatly superior to that of the modern road. 

The CHURCH of this parish stands in a field called Ettedge, about half a 
mile south of the village of Long Horsley, on the east side of the Bremish 
turnpike road, and on the north side of the brook which comes from the 
farm called Smallburns, and just opposite to the church, on the west, turns 
the water corn mill of Horsley. Both the nave and chancel were lately 

k At the quarry in the Limekiln-flat, near Stanton, the limestone is above the coal, which is 
worked near that place ; but, at the Stanton pits, to the S.S.E. of the lime quarry, the coal is nine 
fathoms above the limestone. At the cottage called Southward-edge, on Horsley Moor, Mr Bigge, 
in making a well, sunk several feet, and then bored 66 feet from the surface, 60 feet of which was 
millstone grit, the remaining six feet a loose friable sort of stratum which would not hold water. 



re-built in a plain modern style, and on the site and size of the old church, 
which was covered with lead, and had a low Norman arch with marble pil- 
lars, which, on account of their being broken, were ordered to be replaced 
by four freestone pillars, by archdeacon Sharpe, in iy63. Why it was built so 
far from any village or house, excepting the mill, it is difficult to conjecture. 
Had some event or circumstance previous to its erection given some peculiar 
sanctity to the spot on which it stands ? No traces of buildings show that a 
village ever stood near it. 


Is dedicated to St Helen. Some notices respecting its revenues and advow- 
son have escaped the ravages of time. In 1291, its rectory was assessed 
for the payment of first fruits and tenths to the crown upon the annual value 
of 33 6s. Sd. 1 Its advowson, at first, was appendant to the manor j and sir 
Roger de Merlay, knight, as patron, in 1299, presented one Walter Gray to 
the vicarage of the church of Horsley-longa. m Though the government sur- 
vey of it, in 1317, returns this, and nearly all the rest of the benefices in this 

1 III. i. 350. 

"Randal, 46. 




county, as waste and entirely destroyed ; yet the inquest holden in the same 
year, after the death of Robert lord Greystock, says, that he held the advow- 
son of it in his demesne as of fee, and the profits of the vicarage of it in time 
of peace was worth 20 a year, a sum equal at that time to more than 600 
of the money of the present day. Richard the Second, in the tenth year of 
his reign, granted to the prior and convent of Brinkburn, a licence to obtain 
the advowson of this church, which Ralph lord Greystock granted to them in 
the same year ; but the appropriation of the benefice was not effected till 
1391, when Walter Skirlaw, bishop of Durham, according to the tenor of the 
king's licence, granted them the advowson and rectory of the church, which 
he ordered to be served by a vicar, who should be presented by themselves, 
and be a canon of their own house, reserving to himself the power of order- 
ing a suitable and sufficient portion of the proceeds of the living for the main- 
tenance of such vicar. This transaction was effected on the common plea of 
poverty, and the depredations of the Scots, added to the heavy charges the ca- 
nons of this house were liable to from the contiguity of their place to a public 
highway frequented by the military in their marches into Scotland, and the 
great resort of travellers to it." After the Dissolution, the advowson of it be- 
longed to the Percies, earls of Northumberland, probably as impropriators of 
Brinkburn ; but, in 1692, it was settled in the crown by way of exchange 
for the advowson of Petworth, under authority of an act of parliament. The 

" See III. ii. 46, 48. 

The act is intituled " An act for dividing the chapelries of North Chapel and Dugton from 
the parish of Petworth, and erecting them into new parishes, and selling the advowsons and rights 
of patronage of the rectories of Petworth, North Chapel, Dugton, Cleever, Farnham Royal, Wor- 
plesdon, Kirkby Overblows, and Catton, and the vicarage of Long Horsley."* (See Journal of the 
House of Lords, xv. 204 ; Com. x. 806, fyc.) 


HECTORS AND VICARS. Robert Dathenorth, the see 
of Durham being vacant, on the petition of sir Roger 
de Merlay, knight, and patron, was admitted to the 
vicarage of the church of Horsley-longa, by Walter 
Grey, archbishop of York, April 3, 1299. (Randal, 46. ) 
John Horbiry occurs as rector of Horsley in 1313. 
(Kellawe't Reg.\\Q.) Thomas Wakefield, 1366. John 
Broghton, 1367, on the resignation of Wakefield. 

VICARS. William Warkworth, 1406. 

John Crossanside, 1419, after the death of Warkworth. 

Alan Prestwyk, 1425, after the resignation of Cros- 
sanside. John Burn, 1433, after the resignation of 
Prestwyk. One of the same name vicar of Norham 
from 1453 to 1464. 

Robert Louden, alias Leighton, clerk, on the presenta- 
tion of Philip and Mary, 6 May, 1557, after the death 
of Burn. Will of Hob. Lyghtton, vicar of Longhorsle, 
dated in 1584, mentions, my brother sir John Leghton, 



rectory, or impropriators* great tythes, and other appendant rights, were de- 
mised by the crown, May 11, 1594, to Matthew, Charles, and John Ogle ; p 

Laud Rev. Rec. vol. xi. p. 183. 

clerk, my ex'or : To John Horsle the younger, one 
ould writtine Bible, and one brazen mortore and pes- 
tell : to John Leghton, of Newcastle, one written cro- 
nicle : to Mr Richard Fen wick, of Stan ton, to our sistar 
dau. Janate Horsle, and to their children. Witnesses 
Ra. Ogle, clerk, John Spearman. (Rainess Test. 890.,; 
John Leght<5n, clerk, was curate of Horton, and one of 
the same name master of the school of All-hallows, 
Newcastle, in '1577- In the following year, and in 1580 
and 1581, John Lighten occurs as curate of Cheving- 
ton ; and, in 1580, Alex. Lighten is curate of Horton. 

Humphrey Grene, clerk, presented 29 Oct. 1584, by 
the crown. At this lime " there was a jus patronatus 
sat on this benefice. The right honourable Henry earl 
of Northumberland and sir John Forster were the par- 
ties that severally made title, and upcn the inquisition 
it was found then to belong to neither party : imme- 
diately Grene procured the presentation from her ma- 
jesty, and afterwards resigned the vicarage, doubting 
his right, the earl still prosecuting the cause." (Ran. 
dal,from Barn's Reg. p. \b.) This Grene was vicar of 
Bolam and rector ofMeldon in 1587, and vicar of Hart- 
burn in 1599 (See II. t. 297, 340.J 

John Barker, 2 Aug. 1586, after the resignation of 
Grene, according to Randal ; but, according to the 
bishop's register, after the death of the last incumbent : 
Henry earl of Northumberland patron. 

Henry Wilson, 1587, after the death of Barker; in 
1578, vicar of Heddon-on-the-Wall. 

William Johnson, 1610, after the death of Wilson. 

Thomas Bell, M. A., 21 June, 1665, presented by 
Charles duke of Somerset. Ordained deacon and curate 
of Alwenton, 20 Sep. 1663. His degree was Scotch. 
(Cosin's Reg. p. S\.) Mr Bell was a Scotchman, and is 
accused by his zealous countryman, Mr Veilch, of be- 
ing " a violent persecutor" of the non-conforming par- 
ty. Veitch now resided at Stanton-hall, where he had 
a meeting-house, and was sometimes visited rather 
roughly by the police of the time, and at length appre- 
hended and taken to Edinburgh for his trial ; all which, 
he says, was done by the informations and abetting of 
Mr Bell, who certainly did not live to see the effects of 

his cruel and unholy zeal, but was arrested by the hand 
of death in a way as shocking to humanity as it was 
disgraceful to his memory. Both Mr and Mrs Veitch 
have left us in their diaries several minute particulars 
respecting this tragical event ; the sum of which, in an 
abridged form, is as follows: Mr Bell had been to 
Newcastle, and in his way home drank with the curate 
of Ponteland till ten o'clock at night, when, contrary to 
the urgent entreaties of those about him, he set out for 
Long Horsley. There had been a hard frost and a 
heavy fall of snow, which, on the preceding day, had 
begun to melt, and caused a great flood. The night, 
too, was dark and stormy ; and soon after leaving Pon- 
teland he had missed his way, dismounted, and, as it 
should seem, in trying to find " with his foot in the 
snow what stopped his passage, slipped over the brink 
of the river" Pont, which, in that neighbourhood, runs 
within deep narrow banks, covered with willows, and is 
full of bull-rushes, and other tall water plants. Two 
days after he set out he was found dead, standing on 
his feet upon the old ice, up to the arm-pits in water, 
and strongly frozen in ; for, in the night in which he 
was lost, the frost returned with great violence. All 
his clothes above the arm-pits were dry, and his hat 
on. He had struggled much to disengage himself, as 
appeared by his gloves and boots, which were much 
worn. The ice around him was so strong as to require 
" fore-hammers" to be used in breaking it, before they 
could extricate his body, which was tied across a horse, 
by the neck and feet, and so taken to his wife ; and, as Mr 
Veitch says, " albeit several came to help him out, few 
conducted his corpse home," which was considered a mark 
of disrespect, when great attendance upon a funeral was 
looked upon as a sure mark of regard for the memory of 
the deceased. " This shocking dispensation," continues 
our narrator, " made great and various impressions on 
the people, especially those who knew how instrumental 
he had been in Mr Veitch's trouble." 

William Simcoe, clerk, 1692 ; patron, Charles duke of 
Somerset ; collated vicar of Woodhorn 1 1 April, 1 724. 
He married, firstly, Anne, the daughter of Nathaniel 
Ellison, vicar of Newcastle, and prebendary of Durham ; 


and at the visitations atMorpeth, in 1601 and 1606, John Ogle, of Cawsey 
Park, as farmer of the rectory, was presented, because the quire of the church 

secondly, , widow of Watson, of Linemouth, 

father of Stephen Watson, of North Seaton, esq., and 
grandfather, by the female side, of the late Ralph At- 
kinson, esq. of Angerton. By his first wife Mr Simcoe 
had a son, a captain in the navy, who recommended to 
lord Harrington, in 1755, the measure of besieging 
Quebec, and capturing Canada, which son was father of 
lieut-general John Graves Simcoe, who married Miss 
Guellim, by whom he had several children, the eldest 
of whom was in the navy, and slain in the late Penin- 
sular war. Lyonel Simcoe was chaplain of St James's 
chapel, in Newcastle, some time in the 17th century; 
and Wm Simcoe was appointed chaplain to the prison- 
ers in the Newgate, in Newcastle, June 20, 1724 ; and 
died March 8, 1766, aged 90. 

Charles Ward presented in 1714 : patron, George the 
First; vicar of Tinmouth before 1749. A Chas. Ward, 
M. A. was vicar of Chatton in 1 71 1, and of Whittingham 
in 1763. 

Thomas Cooper, on the resignation of Ward, present- 
ed by lord chancellor Cooper in 1715. Thomas Cooper, 
M. A. became vicar of Berwick in 1726 ; and of Wooler 
in 1727. 

Craddock Wells presented by the crown in 1727, on 
the resignation of Cooper. 

Patrick Cockburn, M. A. presented Feb. 1728, by 
George the Second. He was a son of John Cockburn, 
D. D., vicar of Northolt, Middlesex. In 1708 he mar- 
ried Catharine, daughter of captain David Trotter, of 
the navy. Was successively incumbent of Nayland, in 
Suffolk, and curate of St Dunstan's, in Fleet-street ; 
but, on the accession of George the First, scrupling to 
take the oath of abjuration, he resigned his curacy, and 
for about twelve years taught Latin, in Chancery-lane. 
But, in 1726, his scruples were removed by reading, 
and arguments of lord chancellor King, and his own 
father, and in 1 727 he accepted the office of minister 
of the episcopal congregation at Aberdeen, where, on 
the accession of George the Second, he preached " On 
the Duty and Benefit of Praying for Government." 
Soon after, the chancellor gave him this living ; but he 
did not reside upon it till 1737, when, on account of j 
the misconduct of his curate, bishop Chandler obliged [ 

him to leave Aberdeen. Besides his sermon from 
1 Tim. ii. 1 4, on the accession of Geo. II., and his 
defence of it, he published in the Weekly Miscellany, 
A Defence of Prime Ministers in the Character of Jo- 
seph, and a Vindication of the Mosaic Deluge ; for an 
edition of which, subscriptions were collecting at the 
time of his death. MBS COCKBURN, his wife, shone 
brightly amongst the learned luminaries of her age. 
She was born in London in 1679 ; was self-instructed 
in writing, French, and Latin. She also studied logic ; 
and, in reading the polemics of the day, became so en- 
amoured with the doctrines of the Latin church, as to 
enter into communion with it. At 1 4, she wrote verses ; 
at 17, published her tragedy of Agnes de Castro ; in 
1698, another tragedy, called Fatal Friendship, which 
was received with great applause. After this, the me- 
taphysical writings of Locke became so much her fa- 
vourite study, that at the age of 22 she defended the 
Essay on the Human Understanding, against Dr Bur- 
net, of the Charter-house, the eloquent author of the 
Theory of the Earth, and the Doctrine of the Antients 
concerning the Origin of Things. This brought her in- 
to the acquaintance of Locke, who furnished her with 
books, and was probably one of the causes of her return 
to communion with the church of England, which hap- 
pened in J707, the year before she married. In 1726, 
she defended Locke against Holdsworth, but this arti- 
cle was not published till after her death. Warburton 
wrote the elaborate preface to her Remarks upon the 
Principles and Reasonings in Dr Rutherford's Essay on 
the Nature and Obligations of Virtue, which Remarks 
were published in 1747- Her Works, theological, mo- 
ral, dramatical, and poetical, were published, with an 
account of her life, by Dr Birch, in two vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don, 1751. Her husband, herself, and a daughter, were 
buried in the church-yard here, as appears by the fol- 
lowing inscription on a common head-stone against the 
east wall of the chancel: HERE LIE THE BODIES OF 
DIED 4 JAN. 1748, 9, IN THE 71 YEAR OF HIS AGE. 


was in great decay ; but James the First, in 1607, sold it in fee to a family of 
the name of Tyte, who conveyed it, 6 June, 1610, to Francis Philips and 


Joseph Middleton, A. B., 1 Feb. 1748, after the death 
of Cockburn, George the Second patron. 

The Honourable James Athol Cochrane, 5th son of 
Thomas Cochrane, earl of Dundonald, by Jean, daugh- 
ter of Archibald Stewart, of Torrence ; presented by 
the crown in 1792. He was also, prior to that time, 
vicar of Manfield, near Richmond, in Yorkshire. He 
married Miss Mary Smithson, but died without issue. 
He published " Thoughts concerning the Uses of Clay- 
marl as a Manure, and concerning the Uses of Agricul- 
tural Salts in the Manufacture of Manures. York, 
1804." He died in 1823. 

Robert Green, M. A., presented by the lord chancellor 
Eldon in 1824 ; ion of the late Robert Green, esq., a 
merchant, and highly respectable and active magistrate 
in South Shields. 

VALUE, &c. This living is valued at 1 13s. 4d. in 
the king's books ; pays 15s. 4d. yearly tenths ; 4s. 4d. 
episcopal, and 12s. archidiaconal procurations; besides 
an annual pension to the bishop of Durham of 6s. 8d. 

the archdeacons of Northumberland: 1723. The vicar- 
age is endowed with the hay tithes of Long Horsley, 
corn tithe of Wingates, Garret-lee, and Todburn : the 
rest of the great tithe belongs to the impropriator. The 
presentation was, as I understand, in the duke of So- 
merset, but was exchanged with the crown for Pet- 
worth. Mr Cooper, the present vicar, was piesented 
by the lord chancellor Cooper ; Mr Wells and Mr Cock- 
burn by lord chancellor King. Mr Cooper now lets the 
vicarial rights at 1 10 a year. The impropriator is Mr 
Ogle, of Causey Park Visited October 5th, 1723. The 
trees growing out of the foundation of the church to be 
destroyed : this certified at Easter, 1724, to be done. 
The bell to be new cast, or exchanged, and fitted for 
public use : a larger bell was provided and hung up, 
and became very useful before Easter, 1725. Visited 
again, Aug. 21, 1731. There is a handsome gallery 
erected since my hist visitation. What is chiefly want- 
ing now is a new stone fence around the church-yard, 
which I have deferred to give orders for till such time 


as the vicar comes home. (Dr Thomas Sharpe.) 1758. 
The house is mean. (Dr Robinson.) 

" Visited July 23, 1763, and ordered," amongst other 
things, " all stones, except icgular head-stones, to be 
thrown out of the church-yard. The roof of the church 
soldered where necessary. Two strong and sufficient 
butresses to be bulk on the north side. Four stone 
pillars to be fixed at the sides of Ihe areh, between the 
church and the chancel, in the places of the marble pil- 
lars that have been broke." (Dr John Sharpe.) 

At the Easter visitation, 27 April, 1826, a reference 
was made to the archdeacon respecting the church-yaid 
fence, which, it was thought, the vicar was bound to 
keep up, on account of a small immemorial payment 
called " church-yard" as well as from a terrier signed 
by vicar Middleton in 1?88, and a memorandum of Dr 
Thomas Sharpe respecting it. As such customs, how- 
ever, are difficult to prove, and the " church-yard" 
payment is now mixed up in the Easter dues with the 
payment for " reek," the archdeacon recommended, 
" that the vicar maintain the hedge, where circum- 
stances require that a hedge be maintained ; and that 
the parishioners build and maintain a wall in that part 
of the precincts where such an improvement is practica- 
ble." Vicar Middleton's terrier enumerates 52 acres 
of glebe land; the value of the living, in his time, was 
155 a year. Some of Mr Riddell's lands, called the 
Acres, are admitted by this instrument to pay a modus 
for hay. The Easter dues are, " reek and church-yard, 
IJd. ; bread & wine, from every house, 2d. ; every per- 
son aged sixteen, ld. ; foals each, 6d. ; ewes, per score, 
4d. ; bees, per cast, 4d. ; a farrow cow, Id.; cows with 

calf, under five, 2d. each : five The parish clerk' t 

fees for each house, where no plough is kept, 3d. ; for 
every plough, 6d." 

Visited May 29, 1826. C. W. Bigge, esq. of Linden, 
is the impropriator, having become so by purchase of the 
Ogle family. It is right to say that he is very liberal, 
and sets a good example to the parishioners, who have 
lately made an excellent path to the church, lessening 
thereby, as far as they can, the inconvenient distance 
at which it is placed from the village. Mr Bigge has 
placed in the chancel a communion table of black oak, 



Richard More, which party, together with sir Walter Cope, of Kensington, 
and William Fenwick, of Stanton, sold it to George Rosse, who, 9 Feb. 11, 
James I. sold it to Thomas Waterton, of Walton, in the county of York, 
subject to an annual payment of 15 to the crown, which Thomas Waterton, 
in the 1 7th year of the same reign, for 430, sold it to John Ogle, of Cawsey 
Park, whose representative Wm Ogle Wallis Ogle, sold the whole of the im- 
propriated tithes in the Linden and Freeholders' quarter to Mr Bigge, and 
those of the rest of the parish (with the exception of Wingates and Todburn, 
which belong to the vicar), to the owners of the several lands upon which 
they are due. 

The MANOR of HORSLEY was comprised within the Cospatrick or Beanley 
barony, and given in the time of Henry the First to Ranulph de Merlay, in 
free marriage with Julian, daughter of Gospatrick, first earl of Dunbar, q and 
great grand daughter of Gospatrick, who was earl of Northumberland in the 
time of William the Conqueror. The grant conveyed to de Merlay " Hors- 
ley, Stanton, Witton, and Wyndgates, and a ville beyond the moors," which 
ville, in the confirmation of this grant by Edgar, Julian's brother, is explained 
to be Leverchild. All these places as well as Horsley, were granted in free 
marriage ; but liable to the militia service of the county, in cornage, and the 
common work of the county castle. No further light is thrown upon the ge- 
neral history of these manors till about the year 1240, when they are men- 
tioned as parcels of the barony of earl Patrick, and holden by Roger de Mer- 
lay, according to the first grant of them to his family, in free marriage ; but 
this Roger dying without male heirs, his estates were divided between his two 
daughters, Mary, married to William lord Greystock, to whom the lordships 

i See under Morpeth. The statement in II. i. 315, is from Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i. p. 54. 

dug from a bog on his estate. The vicarage is worth 
;340 a year; of which 180 arise from corn tithe. 
The glebe consists of 70 acres, in four patches. The 
church-yard is large, and contains a remarkably fine 
ash tree. The vicar has built a very comfortable par- 
sonage, at the expence of nearly =800, having received 
some assistance from Gilbert's act. The registers are 
in good order; the originals begin in 1723: to that 
period, from 1 668, there exists only a copy. About 
1630, tradition says, the vicarage was burnt down, and 
the Scots are accused of the deed. Mrs Aline Ogle left 

100 towards the education of poor children here: it 
was lost, replaced by vicar Middleton, and invested in 
the 4 per cents., as the voucher in the parish book tes- 
tifies ; but now unfortunately unattainable till the will 
of the late Mr Trevelyan shall be proved, he being the 
last trustee named in the deed. The school house be- 
longs to the parish. The parishioners are liberal to the 
church, and a rate of one penny per pound rent pro- 
duces ;30. The Herman Street runs through the pa- 
rish> passing by View-law. (Archd. Singleton's book.) 


of Horsley and Stanton were allotted ; and Isabell, married to Roger de 
Somerville, who obtained Netherwitton and Windgates, as already related in 
a preceding part of this work/ This division does not seem to have taken 
the seigniory of the general estate from the manor of Horsley, for Witton, 
Wingates, and Stanton, continued to pay certain quit rents to the Greystock 
family, unquestionably as superior lords of this part of the old Cospatrick 
estate, and not as barons of Morpeth, as is erroneously stated in the inquisi- 
tions after the death of certain individuals of that family.* 

I will now endeavour to give the origin and history of the three divisions 
of this manor, called Linden quarter , RiddelFs quarter, and the Freeholders' 
quarter. 1. The LINDEN QUARTER is the largest township in the manor of 

1 Part II. vol. i. p. 315, &c. 

5 Extract from an inquisition on the death of sir John Graystock, taken at Newcastle upon 
Tyne, the 7th October, in 15th Henry the Sixth : " Item they say that there are in the town of 
Horslee which is parcel of the said manor of Morpeth twenty pence rent for the services to be paid 
p' annum . And there are there eight husband lands which are worth p' annum beyond charges 
forty shillings . And there are there ten cottages which are worth per annum beyond charges fif- 
teen shillings . And there is there one pasture called Horslee Hirst containing 300 acres and is 
worth per annum beyond charges 20 shillings . Also they say that in the town of Todburne 
which is parcel of the same manor there are six messuages which are worth per annum beyond 
charges three shillings and four pence . Also there are there in the same thirty acres of arable 
land which are worth p' annum beyond charges twenty shillings . And there is there the moiety 
of a water corn mill and it is worth p' annum beyond charges ten shillings." 

Extract from an inquisition on the death of Elizabeth Dacre, taken at Haltwisell, in Northum- 
berland, in the 9th Henry the Eighth: " Item the jurors say that the afs d Elizabeth died seized 
jointly with the afsd lord Dacre of the manor of Horslee parcel of the barony of Merley afs d and 
that there are there seven husband lands with certain acres of land and meadow in the tenure of 
divers tenants every husband land whereof is worth p' ann. 6s. 8d. . And that there is there one 
sev 1 close containing sixteen acres of pasture every acre whereof is worth 4d. . And there is one 
small close there called Gibbes Close containing two acres of pasture and meadow and each acre 
is worth p' ann. 8d. . And there is one water and grain mill there called Horsley Mill a moiety 
of which is worth p' ann. beyond charges 8s. . And that there are at Todburne parcel of the 
town of Horsley two tenements with lands and meadow to the same appertaining each of which is 
worth p' ann. 13s. 4d. . And that there is there one free forest parcel of the barony of Merley 
afs d called Horsley Forest in which are held two courts of forest at the feast of Ester and St 
Michael yearly, and all in the said forest pasturing are amerced, which court is worth p' ann. 
twenty shillings . And there is in the forest afs d by custom a certain annual rent of thirteen shil- 
lings and four pence by tenants of the town of Fenruther paid conditionally by estoppel of there 
beasts within the forest afs d so that they do not keep the said beasts in the forest aforesaid." 


Horsley, and is that portion of it, the lands of which had continued in fee in 
the family of Merlay and their descendants, from the time of Henry the First, 
till the late earl of Carlisle sold it, under authority of an act of parliament, 1 
to Charles William Bigge and Ralph Carr, esquires ; the latter of whom sold 
his share to Mr Bigge, who thus became the proprietor of the whole township, 
which consists of about 3,000 acres ; a considerable portion of which, lying 
on each side of the public road between the village of Long Horsley and Lin- 
den, is of excellent quality, being well adapted for grazing, and almost every 
species of agriculture. Mr Bigge found the whole estate in a wretched and 
worn-out condition ; but by zealous and judicious management, directed by 
his own superintendence, it has begun to assume a new and favorable aspect. 
He has already made above eight miles of drains and eleven miles of hedges, 
planted considerably, fenced in the natural woods on the sides of Linden burn 
and Tod burn, re-built or repaired all his farm houses, and built from the 
ground the elegant and commodious mansion which he has now been tenant- 
ing since the year 1814. This house is a quadrangle of about 94 feet from 
east to west, and 7^ from north to south. The staircase is in the centre, 
built over a cellar having groined arches of stone, and measures 32 feet by 22, 
and 16 feet high. The rest of the rooms, on the ground floor, are also 16 feet 
high, and built on cellars arched with brick ; the drawing-room and library 
being each 32 feet by 21^-, and the dining-room 32 feet 10 inches by 22 feet 6 
inches. The suite of chamber apartments on the second floor are also ex- 
ceedingly commodious and convenient. The kitchens occupy a wing on the 
north-east, and these, as well as the stables and other offices, are all finished 

1 Passed 5 Geo. III. 1765, and entiluled " An act for vesting divers manors, &c. late the estate 
of Henry earl of Carlisle, deceased, in trustees, to be sold and disposed of, in and for the payment 
of his debts, legacies, and incumbrances, and the other purposes mentioned in his will ;" which act 
provides for the sale of " all that manor or lordship, or reputed manor or lordship of Long Hors- 
ley, with the rights, members, and appurtenances thereto belonging ; and also all those several 
yearly quit-rents, or sums of money payable to, or in respect of the said manor of Long Horsley, 
amounting to the sum of 17s. 7fd. or thereabouts," together with lands, &c. of the yearly value of 
525 16s. 6d. (Jour. H. C. xxx. 385, and Deeds at Linden.) The particulars of the quit-rents 
are, for Stanton, 7s. 9fd. ; Mr Lisle, for Todburn, 4d. ; and Messrs Trevelyan and Witham, for 
Netherwitton and Wingates, Is. l|d. each. Besides which sums, Mr Lisle pays for the dam-head 
at Weldon Mill, a rent of 6s. 8d. a year; and the duke of Portland used to pay 13s. 4d. a year 
for agistment of cattle by the tenants of Fenrother on Horsley Moor. 


with the greatest attention to convenience and durability. The stone of 
which it is built was got on Horsley Common, on the west side of the Wooler 
road, about a mile south of Horsley church. 


[" from the habitudes of body, and the perfections or imperfections thereof, many names have been imposed, as Strong, Armstrong, 
Long, Low, Short, Broad, Bigge," &c. (Camden't Remains, 110. } The surname of BIGGE is very antient ; for, in the time of 
Edward the Confessor, Egelric Bigge, with the consent of that monarch, gave to the convent of St Augustine, in Canterbury, 
Bodesham and Wilrington, on condition that Wade, his knight, and Loswine, should occupy them for their lives, and after 
that to remain to the said monastery for ever. (Thorn's Chron. Twysden's X Strip, col. 1784.; He also confirmed the 
manor of Cart (now Little Chert), in Kent, to the monks of Christ Church, Canterbury ; and gave them the manor of Stow- 
ling and Milton. (Dug. Man. Ang. i. 22. ; Several of this name are mentioned in Halsted's History of Kent as Walter and 
Stephen Bigge, both of Ford wick; and each of whom, by their wills, in the time of Charles the First, gave legacies to the 
poor. Thomas Bigge was sheriff of Kent in 166* ; and, 7 and 8 Wm and Mary, there was an act of parliament for vesting 
certain lands of Thomas Bigge and his wife, in Chislet, in the county of Kent, for payment of debts, and making provision for 
their children. (Jour. H. C. xi. 386, 630, tyc.) Several also of the name occur as free tenants in Cambridgeshire, in 7 Edw. 
I. ; as Thomas, Elias, and Alan, in Histon ; and Thomas, Ellas, and John, in Impington. -jliot. Hund. ii. 411, 464, tyc. ) But 
the immediate progenitors of the Bigges of Northumberland are supposed to have lived in Essex, in the parish of Gosfield, in 
which county there is a manor of the name of Biggs, which was holden by Wm Biggs in 1534. (See Moranfs Essex, H. 380.; 
The first of the following pedigrees is a copy from a visitation of Essex, with some additions fromMorant's hist, of that county : 
it is also in accordance with a monumental inscription to Wm Bigge and Susan Jernegan his wife, in the church of Shalford, 
in that county, which mentions this William as son and heir of William Bigge and Dorcas his wife, of Toppesfield, son of 
Henry Bigge, son and heir of Edward Bigge, of Redes well, gent, who died In 1537 ; which Susan it also mentions as eldest 
daughter of Thomas Jernigan, of Stebbyne, in Essex, gentleman, and having by her husband, William Bigge, eight sons and 
four daughters of whom Henry their son erected the monument as a token of his affection. The second pedigree is a 
compilation from authorities, chiefly at Linden.] 

ARMS. Argent, on a fess sable, and engrailed between three martlets sable, three annulets or. CREST An eagle's head 

ermine, turretted or, winged erect azure. The family of Bigg, of Lenchwike, in Worcestershire, of whom Tints. Bigg, esq. 
was knighted by king James 26 May, 1620, bore the same arms, but a different crest. They were descended from a Glouces- 
tershire family, who had their arms and crest granted 19 March, 15 Edward IV. 1475. 

Wo. 1. I- JOHN BIGGE, whose family, according to Morant, in his History of Essex, was settled at Redgewell in 1374,=^= 
and had lands at Stamborne, In that county. This surname also occurs in the Hundred Rolls for Essex in the 3rd and 4thl 
years of the reign of Edward the First. (P. 148, 149, 179.; 

I J 

II. EDWARD BIGGE, of Redgewell, Essex, died in the year 1587. 5 T=MARGARET, daughter of Henry Williams, of Stambourne. 

III. HENRY BIGGE, son and heir. ^ELIZABETH, daur. of Robert Pollard, of Topesfleld, in Essex, gent. 

I f . ! 

IV. 1. HENRY BIGGE, 2. WILLIAM BIGGE, of Topesfleld, died=T=DoRCAS, daur. of John Mooteham, of 3. THOMAS BiGCE, 8 ? 5 
of Redgewell, the eldest 5 Jan. 1585, possessed of the manor of I Topesfleld, gent. ; re-married William of Dallam, in the) 
son. Berwicks and Scoteneys, with other I Smith, of Crossing Temple, Essex, esq. ; county of Suffolk, 
estates adjoining Topesfleld. , died 18 Dec. 1633 ; bur. at Topesfleld. third son. 

I r~i r~ i i r 

V. 1. WILLIAM-T-SUSAN, daur. of 2. EDWARD BIGGE, mar- 1. THOMAS BIGGE, of Dallam, 3. JOHN BIGGE, of Wickham- 
BIGGE, of Red- Thos. Jernegan, ried, and had a son Edw. living in 1634. Bishop, Essex, 

sons, in Shalford, of Pentloe, in living in 1635. 2. SAMUEL BIGGE, of Alphamstone, in Essex, (where he was=f= 

in Essex, eldest Essex ; died in buried 9 Dec. 1639,) married TABITHA, eldest daughter, and 

son. | 1615. at length sole heir of Henry Payne, of Alphamstone, great 

grand-daughter of sir Thomas Payne, of Market Bosworth 

3. SAMUEL BIGGE, supposed to have died s. p. which Tabitha was 15 years old in May, 1615, & re-married 
4. DORCAS BIGGE. to Edward Peyton, by whom she had issue. 

VI. 1. WILLIAM BIGGE,=TMELIOR 2. JERNEGAN BIGGE, married ELLEN, daur. & heir of John Wignal, SAMUEL BIGGE, of 

eldest son and heir. j ROPER, of Heningham Sible, in Essex, by whom he had one daur, Eleanor. Alphamstone, esq. 

3. EDWARD BIGGE, third son. only son, married 

4. MATTHEW BIGGE, fourth son ; vicar of St Martin's, in Coney-street, York; living in Sept. 1665, and BARBARA, dau. of 

then aged 55. He married FRANCES, daughter of John Shewood, of Cambridge, by whom he had Geo. Watts, ofNor- 

issue: 1. Matthew, living, aged 80, and married to Mary, daughter of William BIytheman, of New- wich, by whom he 

lathes, in Yorkshire ; 2. Roger Bigge ; and three daughters, Sarah, Elxtabeth, and Dorcas. had issue 5 sons 


1. ELIZABETH, wife of Thimble Potter, of Layer-de-la-Hay, in Essex; and afterwards to James 
Chaplain, of Finchingfield, in the same county. 



Issue of William Bigge 
and Melior Roper. 

eldest son, was 13 years 
old in 1633, & is supposed 
to be the same person as 
Wm Bigge, who married 
Isabella Dent, as stated be- 
2. EDW. BIGGE, 2nd son. 

Issue of Samuel Bigge 
and Barbara Watts. 

1. SAMUEL BIGCE, eld. son & heir, living 1685, in which year he sold Clees Hall, and the manor. 
2. JEMIMA BIGGE, married to John Bruce, of Little Wenham, in Suffolk, esq. and had issue. 

3. ANNE BIGGE, died before 1698. 4. THOMAS BIGGE, died before 1698. 

5. WILLIAM BIGGE. in the law, and settled at Lam marsh, in Essex, where he was buried on the 
I ,'tli January, 1717. 

6. JOHN BIGGE, died before 1698. 

7. ELIZABETH BIGGE, buried at Alphamstone on the 22nd February, 1074. 
8. HENRY BIGCE, died before 1698. 

Wo. 3. I. WILLIAM BIGGE, attorney at law, Newcastle upon Tyne, = pIsABELL DENT, daur. and co-heir of Thomas Dent 

is described in certain family documents as of Hawkhurst, in Kent, and 
of Furnival's Inn, London. Marriage settlement dated 28 Aug. 1666. 
Thomas Dent, his wife's father, divided his estates equally between his 
two daughters, by which Mr Bigge acquired one quarter of Heddon-on- 
the-Wall (a moiety of which belonged to the earl of Carlisle), half of 
Dun-as Hall, half of Caistron and of tlie tithes of Wreitrhill, and part of 
East, West, and North Coldcoats. His wife's mother also purchased 
Willington of sir Francis Anderson, of Bradley, after her husband's 
death, and left it equally between her two daughters. By his will, 
which is dated 28 Feb. 16S6, he gave1500 to his eldest son, and1000 
to each of his other children. He died in March, 1690,* and was buried 
in All Saints', Newcastle, on the Ibth of that month, In a tomb which 
he and Mr John Hindmarsh had provided as a burial place for them- 
selves and families, and inscribed with the following memorial . ' Wil- 
lielmus Bigg, generosus, et Johannes Hindmarch, armiger, humanee 
sortis et fragilitatis mtmores, hoc slbi suisque, Deo volente, supremum 
in terris posuerunt domicilium usque festum resurectionis nortuorum 
alta pace gaudendum. 

" Maxima noscere mori vitse est sapientia, vivit 

" Qui moritur, si vis vivere, disce mori. 23rd April, 1684." 

Brand's Netvc. i. 385. 

of Newcastle, gent., by his wife JuHan,f widow of 
" Mr James Metham, of Newcastle," who, in 1663, 
was possessed of property in Heddon-on-the-Wall, 
Willington, and part of North and South Gosford, 
and Coldcoats, assessed together for county rate. In 

that year, upon a rental of 319 (///. . 322.) 

Thomas Dent, Isiibell's father, by his will, dated in 
1657, left his estates to his two daughters, Isabel!, 
wife of Wm Bigge, and Julian, wife of John Hind- 
marsh, of Little Benton. and appointed his wife's 
son, James Metham, his executor and trustee. He 
was buried at All Saints, Newcastle. Jas. Metham, 
gent, died 23 April, 1684, and was buried near the 
tomb of the families of Bigge and Hindmarsh, in 

All Saints' church. (M. I. Brand's Newc. i. 385.) 

This Isabell had the disposal of the estates which 
came by her, and settled them upon her eldest, and 
other Minx, in succession ; and, failing them, upon 
her daughters. She saved much money in her 

II. 1. JOHN BIGGE, eldest son and heir, is 1. MAEY BIGGE married Edward rolling-wood, of Byker, grandfather of the late 
described as of the Temple, London, and of Edward Colling wood, of Chirton. Marriage settlement, dated 26 Sept. 1701, con- 
East Knoyle, in Wiltshire. By his father's veys the manor of North Dissingtou, a farm at Shipley, and lands at Byker, for 
will be was left in the custody and tuition securing jointure. 

of his father's "loveing cousin John Bowles, 2. ANNE BIGGE married Edward Ward, maternal ancestor of Mr Orde, of Nun- 
of Shaftesbury, in the coun. of Dorset, esq." nykirk. Marriage settlement 3 Dec. 1701, secures jointure on houses in Morpeth. 
By the same title he had also a farm at 

Hawkhurst, in Kent, and a copyhold farm at Rotherwick, Hants, which last named property was holden of Magdalene 
College, Oxford, and sold, not many years since, by C. W. Bigge, esq. for 500. This John Bigge, in 1696, purchased 
one-sixth part of the square of Spittal-flelds, London, with the houses upon it, for 1696. He married ANNE JACKSON, at 
Chester, in 1701, and died in 1727, at Bedlington, in the county palatine of Durham, n. c. s. and s. p. 
2. JAMES BIGGE had houses in the Groat Market, Newcastle; anJ 1000 by his father's will. He died a minor, and unmarried. 

S. THOMAS BIGGE went to India as a sailor, and not being h<-ard ! 
of for a long time, and his brother John being in a state of luna- 
cy, his sisters received the rents of their father and mother's 
estates ; but, after his return, the differences wliich arose between 
him and them respecting the family property were settled by ar- 
bitration in 1709, but not finally confirmed without the inter- 
vention of an act of parliament, which was introduced into the 
house of lords Feb. 13, and passed the house of commons 30 Mar. 
1710, and is entituled " An act to enable trustees to recover the personal estates of Wm Bigg and Isabella Bigg, now vested 
in John Bigg, a lunatic, their son and heir, and executor of his father, for the payment <.f debts and legacies." (Jour. H. L. 
xix. (>.<. Jour. H. C. xtri. 390.) He married about the year 1706; resided at Byker, near his sister Mary Collingwood ; and 
both he and his wife died there, and were buried in All Saints' church. 

ELIZABETH, daughter of Edward Hiridmarsh, of the six 
clerk's office, London, brother of John Hindmarsh, whose 
son John married Julian Dent. His father, in 1693, pur- 
chased a moiety of the west moiety of Little Benton of 
John and Elizabeth Hindmarsh, for 1260, and an annu- 
ity of SO to the longest liver of the two, and settled this 
half moiety and one-sixth part of Coldcoats upon her. 

: MARY, danr. 
andat leng'h 
sole heir of 
Chas. Clarke, 

3. THOS. BIGGE, = 
married at Bath, 
Aug. 4, 1763. 
(Newc. Cour.) He 

ofOvin/ham, was a mercer on 
esq. who was Ludgate-hi)l,and 
an attorney built the W Inte- 
nt law in house at Little 
Newcastle, & Benton, where he 

died in the year 

I I I I 

ELIZ. RUNDELL, 2. EDW. BIGGE, bap. 2 June, 1708 ; was an attor- 
sister of the late ney at law in Grey's Inn, London ; resided at Jes- 

Philip Rundell. 

iiiond ; purchased BRENKLEY, and died unmarried. 
1. GRACE BIGGE. bap. 80 March, 1710; became the 

III. 1. WM BlGGE,= 

of Benton, esq. bap. 
25 Mar. 1707; mar- 
ried 29 Jan. 173H ; 
occurs as a proprie- 
tor of collieries at 
Little Benton, East 
and West Heddon, & 
in 1738. (Peck's Mi- 
nutes.) He was bred 
to the law, and one 
of the six clerks in 
chancery ; high she 
riff of Northumb. in 
1750. He obtained 
by his wife the e- 
states of Stanniiigton 

( Y? 

(OverFt Sf 

* The following entries occur in a schedule of the writings of Mr William Bigge, given into the custody of Mark Browell, after his death : 
A bond from Peter Richardson, of Newcastle, gent, to William Bigge, of Furnival's Inn, London, gent, in 120, dated 6 Feb. 1671, with con- 
ditions, &c. A copy of Mr Wm Bigg's will and probate, dated 20 Feb. 3 Jac. II. The entry of his burial in All Saints' register is " 1690, 
March 18. William Bigge, attorney at London." 

t Julian Dent, by will, 21 Nov. 1675, gave to her son James Metham, all her lands, &c. at Darris-hau; to her daughters Isabell Bigge and 

first wife of sir Robert Carr, bart. brother of sir Wm Carr, of Etal. 
Sir Robert was a mercer on Ludgate-hill, succeeded to his brother's 
title, and afterwards resided at Hampton, in Middlesex. By his first 
marriage he had a daur. Elizabeth, marr. to sir Richard Glyn, father 
of the present sir Richard Carr Glyn, bart. Sir Robert married, 2dly, 
Miss Little, by whom he had one daur. married to Hammond, esq. 
of f leyling, Surrey./K 

2. MARY BIGGK, bap. Ap. 10, 1712, diod at Rippon, unmar. in 1791. 

3. ELIZABETH BIGGE, bap. May 24, 1714, also died unmarried, some 
years before her sister Mary. 


the glebe 
of Ovingham 

of the Addison family, wiii.-l) 
glebe and tithes, at his death, 
became the inheritance of his daur. Mary, and at present are the property of her grandson, C. W. 
Bigge, esq. of Linden. She resided many years at Ovingham, where she died May 5, 1780. (Newcastle 
Courant, 1780.) 



Issue of William Bigge, esq. and Mary Clarke. 

Issue of Thomas Bigge and Elizabeth Rundell. 

and Ovingham, and purchased the parts of Little Benton which he did not inherit : also two-sixths of Coldcoats and 
Witton, in the parish ot" Rothbury. He also added considerably to Beiitoii House, and dying there, June SO, 17.58, aged 51, 
was buried at All Saints', Newcastle. Numerous letters between him and Mr Ridley, of Heaton, showed that they were 
in constant and confidential correspondence, and strongly attached to each other. He left behind him the character of hav- 
ing great quickness and sagacity as a man of business, atid joyous spirits and high convivial powers as a companion. 



born in Lincoln's Inn Fields, 24th 
Jan. 1739 ; educated at Westmin- 
ster, and Christ Church, Oxford. 
He went abroad tor liN health in 
1759 ; again in 1763, and returned 
home in 1766. In 1771, he was 
high-sheriff of Northumberland ; 
and Nov. 6, 1772, married, at St 
Andrew's church, Newc. Jemima, 
dau. of Wm Ord, of Fenham, esq. 
by his wife Anne, daush. of Wm 
Dillingham, of Red Lion Square, 
London. He died at Bath, Oct. 
10, 1794, and was buried in the 
church yard of Weston, near that 
place, where a stone is put over 
his grave, and a tablet is erected 
to his memory in the church. Mr 

magistrate, and a warm advocate 
of civil and religious liberty. His 
mind was highly cultivated, and 
richly stored with every species of 
polite and useful learning ; and he 

= JEMIMA, dau. of 2. WM EDWARD BIGGE THOMAS BIGGE,=MARIA, daur. of ELIZ. died 
Win Ord, of Fen- was in the law, sue- esq. born at Lit- Thos. Rundell, young, 
ham, esq. born ceeded to his uncle Ed- tie Benton, 8th of Bath, 
in Red Lion Sq , ward's estate at Brink- of Jan. 1766. 
Holb. Lond. She ley, and died at Bed- 
died at Bromp- lington, unmarried, 
ton, Middlesex, in 3. CHS. CLARKE BIGGE, 
1806, and was born at Little Benton, 

(Newc. Cour.J Educated at Corpus Christ! Col- 
lege, Oxford, and has issue five sons and eight 
daughters, viz. : 

1. Thomai Edward. 2. Philip Edmund. 

bur. at Fulham. July 8, 1741; died of 3. James Rundell. 4. Charles Richard. 5. John. 
There is a picture the meazles, 3rd Feb. 1. Elizabeth, married in April, 1817, to Colonel 
of her in the di- 1742, and buried at All Anderson. 

n ing room at Lin- Saints. 

den, by Angelica 4. JOHN BIGGE, born at 


his father's house in 
Newcastle, 14th Jan. 

2. Jane died unmarried in 1812. 

3. Augusta. 4. Emily. 5. Maria. 

6. Georgiana. 7. Emily Jane. 8. Fanny. 

1742 ; bap. at All Saints, 22 Feb. same year ; was a mercer in the same house on Ludgate 
Hill, in which his uncle Thomas and sir Robert Carr had been partners. He succeeded 
to his brother William's estate at Brinkley, and purchased Carville, where he resided for 
some years ; but retired to chambers in King's Bench Walks, in the Temple, where he 
died March 11, 1797. He was buried, according to his own directions, at St Bride's 
church, Fleet Street. His estates of Brinkley and Carville he left to his nephew John 
Thomas Bigge, and distributed his personal property among th.- other children of his 
brother Thomas Charles. He was one of the few political tories which this amiable and 
excellent family has produced ; but he never suffered his political opinions to damp the 
ardour of his fraternal affections, or of his private friendship. 

tised the duties of Christianity from a belief of its authenticity, founded upon an earnest and sedulous examination into its 

I I I I I I I I I 

=ALICE, daur. of Christopher 2. WM EDW. BIGGE, born Oct. 28, 1778 ; died 24 Oct. 1791. 

Wilkinson, of Thorpe, in 8. JOHN THOMAS BIGGE, born March 8, 1780 ; educated to 

Yorkshire, by his wife Mary, the bar ; commissioner of enquiry in .Australasia in 1819 j 

daur. of Ralph Soulsby, of afterwards at the Cape of Good Hope. 

Hallington, esq. and his wife 4. THOMAS HANWAY BIGGE, bap. Oct. 2, 1784 ; married 

Mary, dangh. of John Fen- CHARLOTTE SCOTT, daur. of the Rev. Jas. Scott, and sister 

wick, esq. of Stanton and of Mrs Ord, of Whitfleld, and the late Countess of Oxford. 

By well, and his second wife He died in December, 1824, leaving issue by his said wife 

Alice, daur. of Thomas Er- Thomas Charles, Harry John, Frederick WUliam, Francis, and 

rington, of Beaufront, esq. two daughters, Jane and Fanny. His remains were buried 

Mrs Bigge's mother, who is at Ovingham. At his death, his family lost a most amiable 

still living, and aged 73 in and affectionate guardian ; his friends a joyous, intelligent, 

July, 1H28, and her grand- and virtuous companion ; society an active and useful 

mother Mary Fenwick, were member; and the author of this work a kind and much- 

both born at Stanton. lamented friend. 

I. JEMIMA, born Feb. 17, 1776; died young. 

2. MARY ANNE, bap. Aug. 26, 1777; died 9 June, 1805, atClifton ; bur. at Weston, near Bath. 

3. CHARLOTTE ELEANOR, born Feb. 13, 1781 ; died 29June, 1800, at Clifton ; bur. at Weston. 

4. ELIZA, bap. April 2:3, 17H2; died in London, June 19, 1819; buried at Fulham. 

5. JEMIMA SUSANNAH, bap. Sept. 4, 1788 ; died 9 Mar. 1809, at Benton ; bur. at Ovingham. 

6. GRACE JULIA, bap. April 15, 1791 ; married, in March, 1817, Thos. Christopher Glyn, 
esq. barrister-at-law, third son of sir Richard Carr Glyn, bartj of Gaunts, In Dorsetshire. 

of Linden, esq. born at Benton- 
House, Oct. 18, and bap. 18 Nov. 
1773; married in Jan. 1802, and 
high sheriff of Northumberland in 
the same year ; was unanimously 
elected chairman of the quarter 
sessions of the county, Jan. 15, 
1829. Mr Bigge, in lieu of Benton 
West-house & West-side, and some 
other estates in this county, and 
Rotherwick, in Hants, purchased 
the Carlisle quarter of the parish 
of Long Horsley, the Blackpool, 
and several other parcels of pro- 
perty there ; also the tythes of his 
own, and the Freeholders' quarter 
of this parish, and a considerable 
estate at Ovington ; besides build- 
ing Linden House, and making 
very great and meritorious im- 
provements around it. I have, 
indeed, through the kindness of Mr 

Bigge, been a witness to the in- They have issue Richard Henry, Charles, and Douglas. 

provements here, from the founda- 
tions of his hospitable mansion first appearing abov 
greens & woods of thriving forest trees : and feeling 

" Sem 
" Lseti 
" Hie 

e the ground in 1811, till it has become invested with groves of ever- 
ts of high regard for the author of this new creation compel me to say : 

s in cselum redeas, diuque 
is .... r - 


dici pater atque 


1 I 1 
2. WILLIAM died young, 
In London ; & buried at 

r~ r i i 


ARTHUR. 1. MARY died young ; buried at Long Horsley. 

Julian Dent, and her grand-children James and Mary Bigge, each 100 ; to her brother John %ambe, 5 yearly for life ; William Tod's two 
children, the four children of Wm and Esther Errington, and John Lamb's two children, each 20s. ; and mentions my nephew John Lamb, 
my son-in-law Wm Bigge, my grand-child John Bigge, my son Jame. Metham, ex'or. Tm* Julian Dent had another brother called George 
Lamb, who died unmarried. 


2. RIDDELL'S QUARTER" contains about 2300 acres, and has an old tourer upon 
it, situated at the west end of the village of Long Horsley. This fortalice has 
undergone little change in its outward features ; but, instead of being the re- 
sidence of a border chieftain, has been converted into a manse and a cha- 
pel, in which divine service is performed every Sunday according to the 
Roman ritual, and under the patronage of its proprietor. It is not mentioned 
in the list of border towers existing in the county in the beginning of the 
reign of Henry the Sixth, when Robert Horsley, who died in 1445, resided in 
the tower of Thernham, now called Farnham, in Coquetdale, v which tower 
continued to belong that line of the Horsley family till their heiress carried it 
to the Carnabys of Halton, in the reign of Henry the Eighth. w When, or by 
whom, the tower of Horsley was built, I have seen no record, hint, or tradi- 
tion ; though there can be no doubt but it belonged to sir John Horsley, the 
direct lineal ancestor of Mr Riddell in the maternal line, in the time of Henry 
the Eighth. Adjoining it to the north is a small park for fallow deer. Of 
the origin of this township, and the history of its early owners, little also seems 
to be known. Neither the baron of Beanley nor of Morpeth, when the in- 
quest respecting the knight's fees in this county was taken in the latter end 
of the reign of king John, had made any alienations of property to the preju- 
dice of the interests of the crown. But, in Henry the Third's reign, both the 
royal prerogative and the estates of the barons, who fought against him, were 
considerably diminished. The Hundred Rolls accuse Roger de Merlay the 
Third of giving without licence from the crown, ten librates of land in Hors- 
ley, to William Gobyun, which, in whatever sense the term librate is to be 
taken, must be supposed to have consisted of a considerable number of acres. 
The old and knightly family of Horsley, from whom this township descended 
to the Riddells, its present owners, had certainly obtained their name from 
residing in it, and had possessions here at a very early period probably be- 
fore the time of Henry the Third : for Roger de Horsley occurs as a witness 
to a deed, without date, by which the same Roger de Merlay x conveyed five 

u The names of the farm-houses situated out of the village, and comprized within the precincts of 
this quarter, are Hare-dean, Horsley-burns, Horsley-bricks, Paxton-dean, Small-burn, and 
Whemley-burn. III. i. 29. w III. ii. 212. 

x This was the Roger de Merlay who made a law for all his vassals in Horsley, well to keep 
and diligently to maintain the ways and dikes about the fields of Horsley, and that which of them 


bovates of land, situated in Horsley, Sheles, and Todburn, in this manor, to 
Adam de Plesseto and his heirs lawfully begotten ; and failing such heirs, to 
de Merlay himself, and his heirs. This Adam's name frequently occurs as a 
witness to deeds respecting Newminster, and other neighbouring places ; but 
I can find no mention of his kindred, nor of any posterity which he left Ro- 
ger de Horsley was also one of the Northumberland gentlemen, who, when 
John de Eslington and John de Letewell were knights for this shire, on ac- 
count of his having 15 librates of land, ought to have been admitted to the 
order of knighthood, but was not so. y Persons of the same name and family 
also frequently occur as witnesses to deeds, filling situations of honour and of 
trust, or as proprietors of land in this county, from the time of Henry the 
Third to a comparatively modern period : z particularly in 33 Edw. III. 1359, 

soever should be convicted of any breach in the said dikes or ways, should there be bound on the 
morrow after the invention of the Holy Cross, and on the morrow of the feast of St Martin, in 
winter, and should pay to bis lord for each offence of which he should be convicted, two virgx 
fervece, which Wallis translates " being whipped :" he perhaps thought they were, to use a north 
country phrase, " hot skelpings." But Hutchinson thinks he has written ferveoe for ferrece ; for 
the virga ferrea, according to Cowell, " was so many yards according to the king's standard in the 
exchequer, which antiently was of iron, but now of brass ;" therefore, to use Hutchinson's words, 
" it is most probable the penalty inflicted upon the tenants of Horsley was a forfeiture, me- 
ted by the virga ferrea" The Latin of this law, as copied by Wallis, is " Et iste est Rogerus, 
qui subditos suos de Horsley, ad vias et fossatas circa campos de Horsley bene conservandas et 
diligenter sustentaudas, tractare statuit . Et quod quicunque convictus fuerit de aliquo fragmento 
in fossatis vel viis predictis in campo suo, tenetur ibidem in crastino inventionis Sancte Crucis, et 
crastino Sancti Martini in hieme, et reddet domino suo pro quolibet delicto duas virgas fervtas 
quoties inde convictus fuerit." (From a very antient original.) 

y Cot. MS. Claud. C. II. 2 fol. 31. 

2 Roger de Horsley, Thomas of Clennel, Thomas of Scharperton, and others, were jurors on 
the inquest after the death of Gilb. de Umfreville in 1244. Roger de Horsley also frequently 
occurs as a witness to deeds of Roger de Merlay the Third respecting Plessy and Shotton. (Harl. 
MS. 294, fol. 214; Wallis, ii. 309, 350; Cart. Rid. 17, 61, 65 J One of the same name was 
made warden of the castle of Berwick, 19 Aug. 1317 (Rot. Scot. i. 175), in which year he held a 
place called Whitwhom, or Whitchome, of the Greystocks, barons of Morpeth, by the service of 
one-sixteenth of a knight's fee. (Wallis, ii. 294; ///. i. 62, 88.) Elizabeth, daughter of sir 
Roger de Horsley married Alexander Swinburne in 1319. (77. i. 321, gen. 5.) After the for- 
feiture of Thomas earl of Lancaster, Roger Horsley was appointed seneschal of the crown for the 
barony of Dunstanburgh. (///. ii. 298.) Roger de Horsley also occurs in an inquest at Bam- 
burgh, 31 March, 13 Hen. IV. 1403 (Wallis, ii. 472) ; and, in 1413, one of the same name stands 



Roger de Horsley died seized of the manor of Scranwood, in the barony of 
Alnwick, and of certain lands and tenements in Horsley ; and, in the same 
year, Thomas, his son and heir, paid a fine of 20 for transgression done, by 
having in occupancy the manor of Scranwood and certain lands in Horsley : 
half of which manor of Scranwood was in the king's hands by the forfeiture 
of John de Middleton ; but the other hah , and the lands in Horsley, were not 
holden immediately of the crown. 3 This account is from the Originalia ; but 
the Patent Rolls for the same year say, that Thomas of Scranwood (so called 
from the place of his residence, but unquestionably the same person as 
Thomas de Horsley) held half the manor of Horsley of the king, in capite, 
by the annual service of one knight's fee, or the payment of one pair of 
gilt spurs. That these persons were ancestors of the Horsleys, whose pedi- 
gree is given below in number two, does not, I think, admit of a doubt ; 
but their possessions, which were considerable, being principally holden 
by mesne tenure, their names in connection with their property and issue 
rarely occur in the inquisitiones post mortem, and other records of the 
crown, which circumstance, combined with the loss of many of the pa- 
pers of this estate, and the want of all collateral evidence, has hitherto 
baffled my endeavours to give their pedigree in the long and unbroken line of 
descent into which I once expected it would have easily resolved. The fol- 
lowing collections will show, that at a very early period, two distinct houses 
of this name settled in Coquetdale, one of which, probably the parent stem, 
was seated at Scranwood, in the parish of Alnham, and continued to be pro- 
prietors of its patronymic lands at Horsley : the other, an early and luxuriant 
scion, rooted at Thernham, in the adjoining parish of Alwinton, where it had 
large possessions, and continued to thrive till its name, as I have before no- 
ticed, sunk in the annals of the county by the heiress of the family marrying 
to Carnaby, of Halton. 

in the Calendar of Inquisitiones post mortem as dying possessed of the manor of Borowden, in 
Cokedale (III. ii. 267) ; Richard Gurley, aged 44, and John Galon, aged 40, being then his next 
of kin. (Cott. MSS. Faust. C. x.) 

8 III. i. 80. III. ii. 326'. III. ii. p. 375, where for Scranwood rea.AStravewood, the copyist having made the common 
mistakes of writing t for c, and v or u for n. This mention of an individual of the Horsley family, under the 
name of Scranwood plainly shows that the family at that time, 1359, resided there. One half of the mill of Hors- 
ley still belongs to the Riddells, the representatives of the Horsleys ; and the other half to Mr Bigge, the 
assignee of the Howard family. The names of the farm-houses situated out of the village, and comprized within 
the precincts of Riddell's Quarter, are Haredean, Horsley-barns, Horsley-bricks, Paxton-dean, Small-burn, and 
WhenUey.burn. Mr de Lisle holds part of Todburn-moor under a 99 years lease from the Riddells. 




ARMS. Sable 3 cinquefoils within a border, engrailed. (Vincent.) William Horsley, of Skipton, in Craven, and his 
descendants, bore the same arms, as appears by their pedigree, taken by Glover in 1584, and sent to me by Mr Young. The 
cinquefoils were probably derived from the family holding their lands under the Umfrevilles. 

[The order of descent in the first of the following pedigrees is from Vincent's Northumberland, where it is continued to 
the marriage of the heiress of Roger Horsley with Cuthbert Carnaby, of Ayden. I apprehend there is something wrong in 
the four first generations: those that follow, from Richard, who died in 1372, agree with the account in Surtees, ii. 266.; 
The first six generations of the second pedigree are from Dugdale's Visitation of Northumberland, from which they were 
extracted, and communicated to the author by C. G. Young, esq. York, and registrar in Herald's College.] 

No. 1. Gen. I. SIR RICHARD DE HORSLEY, knight, was a person of considerable distinction in Northumberland in the^ 
time of Edward the First. Of his ancestors I have seen no account; but suppose he was a descendant of the Horsleys of 
Scranwood and Horsley ; ani, being a free tenant of the Umfreville family, bore three cinquefoils on his shield, to show 
that he owed homage to, and served in the wars under the lords of Redesdale. In 1278, Richard de Horsley occurs in a list of 
persons having 20 librates of land not holden of the king, and who were summoned in that year to take the degree of knight- 
hood, Simon de Plescetis, Thomas de Clenhill, Ralph de Essengden, and Walter de Hereford, being his manucaptors or 
sureties. (Palg. Par. Writs, i. 215 , Cot. MSS. C. it. 2,fol. 87, a.} In 1294 he was summoned, under a writ of grand assize, 
to appear at York upon a suit arising out of the writ of quo waranto between the crown and the master of the hospital of 
St Lazarus at Burton, the manucaptors for his appearance, which he did not answer, being Thomas the Prestur of Thern- 
ham, and " Roger Crawe in slave, of the same place. (III. i. 198.) He represented this county at the parliaments, holden 
at Berwick upon Tweed, in 1299; at Rose Castle, in Cumberland, in 1300; at Brustwick, in 1304; at the Abbey of Laner- 
cost, in 1305 (in which year John de Vaux and John de Dudden were his sureties) ; and, at Carlisle, in 1307. (See Palg. 
Writs, i. 148, #c.) He had also a licence, 31 Edw. I. 1303, to inclose and make parks of his two woods in AUventon, and 
one in Thernham, and to have free warren in Alwenton (III. i. 57; ///. it. 363, 394), which places were holden of the 

Umfreviiles, lords of Redesdale, and by them of the barons of Alnwick. (III. i. 209, 210.) _ I 


Gen. II. JOHN DE HORSLEY was a witness with sir Richard de Horsley, and others, to deeds respecting Plessy, in 1301=r 
and 1303. (Cart. Rid. 79, 96.) __ j 

Gen. III. SIR RICHARD HORSLEY, knight, occurs as a witness to deeds respecting Plessy in 1309 and 1317; in 1310 was a=f= 
justice for the franchise of Redesdale (II. i. 81, 83) ; about 15 Edw. II. was sheriff of Northumberland (Id. 279.) In 1317, 
an inquest, under a writ of ad quod damnum, returns his name in conjunction with lands in Lyncheles and Alwenton, the 
manors of Aldenscheles and Thernham, and the ville of Toggesdon. (III. ti. 898.) And it is worthy of remark here, that 
John de Plessy, in a grant to the abbot and convent of Newminster, required them to expend half a mark on the anniversary 
of sir Roger de Toggesdon and dame Agnes his wife (lit. 74.) John de Plessis having erifeoffed Richard de Horsley, his 
heirs and assigns, for ever, in various lands in Shotton, the latter person, by his deed, dated at Shotton, in 1822, ordained, 
that after the expiration of 12 years from that time, such feoffment should be for ever annulled. (Evid. 1.) In the same 
year, he and Adam de Oenton were appointed j ustices to enquire before a jury into the true value of the property forfeited 
by John de Middleton. (Inq. ad quod Dam. 16 Edw. II. No. 67, in Tur. Land.) Vincent adds to his name " 18 Edw. II." 

^__ Gen. IV. " JOHN HORSLEY, esq. 2 Edw. III."=j= 

Gen. V. RICHARD HORSLEY, esq. according to Vincent, occurs in 2 Edw. III. In 1357 and 1359 he was M. P. for this=j= 
county; and, in 1360, the king issued a writ to Henry Strother, sheriff of the county, to elect two persons of the county, 
who had received the order of knighthood, by girding them with swords, of the most discreet, trusty, and able knights, for 
business ; but he returned, on the back of the writ, that there were no knights of that description in the county, except 
Walter de Tindale, who was then weak in health and unfit for business ; upon which the county proceeded to elect Richard 
Horsley and Robert Wendult to serve in parliament, though they had not been invested with the order of knighthood. 
(Hutch, ii. 445, /row Prynne's Br. Part. Red. p. 167.) He was a witness to a deed " done a Grand-heton 1359" (Lansd. MS. 
326, /o/. 141, a.) ; and, as sheriff of Northumberland, to another, dated at Plessis, 11 April, 1367. (Cart. Rid. 50.) On Oct. 
16 of which year he also occurs again as sheriff, with the additional offices of a warden of the marches and arrayer of the 
forces within his sheriffalty. (Rot. Scot. i. 935.) The inquest after his death is dated on Monday before the Feast of finding 
the Holy Cross, 1372 (Surtees's Durham, ii. 266.) 

Gen. VI. SIR ROBERT HORSLEY, knight, is mentioned 12 Ric. II. He died in 1393, hold- 5 
Ing half of Crawcrook in soccage by charter and 10s., and Bradley and le Beye by Id. 
These possessions were in the county of Durham ; besides which, he died seized of the 
manors of Caldton and Aldenscheles, in Redesdale, half the ville of Thernham, and one 
quarter of Togsden. (///. ii. 257.) 

Gen. m. ROBERT HORSLEY, aged 12 in 1393. On Aug. 11, 1404, he gave a receipt, dated 1 
at Swinburne, for 37 6s. 8d. to Mary, widow of sir William Swinburne, in part payment 
of a larger sum due from her to him. .(.Ewrf. 2.) This Mary re-married to John del' 
Strother, who was probably a relation of this Robert Horsley's mother. His connection 
with the Capheaton family is further shown by his witnessing a deed there in 1415. (See 
II. i. 216, 7, c.) 

=JOAN, wife of Robert Horsley, and 
sister of Alan Strother, occurs in a 
record respecting the Strother fa- 
mily in 4 Ric. II (Harl. MS. 294, 
No. 1940.) 

'ELIZABETH, daur. of sir William 

Swinburne, knight, and of Mary 
daur. and co-heir of sir Alan de 
Heton, which Mary re-married 
to John del' Strother. 

Gen. mi. RICHARD HORSLEY had livery of a moiety of Crawcrook, 27 April. 1445.=f= 
Gen. IX. RICHARD HORSLEY died 12 Henry VII. 1496-7. =j= 

Gen. X. GILES HORSLEY fatuus et idiota, living 11 July, 33 Henry VIII. 1541. 

ROGER HORSLEY, of Thernham.T 11 

Gen. XL ROGER HORSLEY the younger, gent, died 
8 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII. 15*4, holding 13 messuages, 
200 acres of arable, 200 of pasture, and 20 of mea- 
dow, in Crawcrook. The Border Survey of 1542 
says, he had by inheritance the stone-house at 
Linbridge, and the tower of Thirnham, which was 
then in good reparations ; but the house at Lin- 
bridge had been burnt and casten down by the 
Scots, though the owner of it had gathered its 

MARGERY HORSLEY, called by Vincent daughter and co-heir of Roger 
Horsley, of Thernham, aged 19 in 1544 ; married Cuthbert Carnaby, of 
Ayden, 3rd son, and by adoption heir of his father William Carnaby, of 
Halton, esq. ; both of whom were living in 1550. (///. it. 247.) By 
this marriage the Carnabys of Halton and Ayden became proprietors of 
the tower and lands in Thernham, of which Cuth. Carnaby is return- 
ed as proprietor in 1568. (Laws. 17.) For their descendants, see 
Surtees's Durham, ii. 286. )=r 

stones into^n adjoining place of more~strength, with the intention of building a bastile house when his circumstances would 
allow. (///. . 212.) He died, I suppose, a. p. 




ARMS ; gules three horses heads, erased, sable. (Dug.) The Cresswell tables make the arms of Horsley of Horsley " veit, 

a horse passant, argent." 

Wo 2 Gen I. SIR JOHN DE HORSLEY, of Horsley, was a knight banneret, arid occurs in a document written about 

us John" Horsley, and as dwelling in a place belonging to his father, over whose lands, to the value of 50 marks yearly, he 
had the whole rule ; besides which, he himself had lands, out of which he could dispend 40 a year, and serve the king with 
SO horsemen. He also bore the excellent character, for the times he lived in, of being " a true man to the king, a wise bor- 
derer, and well minded to justice." (//. i. ti8.) As John Horsley, gent. w find him a pensioner in the Middle Marches, at 
13 8s. 4d. a year, in the time of Henry the Eighth. (Cot. MS. B. tii. ful. 203.) In 1442, John Horsley, esq. is returned as 
proprietor, by inheritance, of the barmkin and tower of Scranwood. (///. it. 211.) He was at the battle of Musselburg in 
1547, when he was made a knight banneret. (Hoi. Chrom. it. 991.) In 1552 he was a commissioner of inclosures in the East 
Marches (Border Laws, 338) ; at which time he was captain of Bamborongh Castle,* and he and sir John Forster had the 
appointment of the watch, in that year, from Warnmouth to Doxford burn, and were setters and searchers of the watch 
from Warnmouth to Woodside end. (Id. 213, 305, 307.) 

Gen. II. THOMAS HORSLEY,-J- ISAB. HOKSLEY. CUTHBERT HORSLEY, of Horsley, esq. was one of a party in trust for Lor- 
of Brinkheugh. His arms I bottle, and other Ogle property, in 1542. (Lansd. MS. 826 ,- Fenwick deeds, 

were three horses heads. f 87, 81.) He was M. P. for Northumberland 7 Edward VI., and 1 Mary, and 1 and 2 Philip 

and Mary. Occurs in a list of gentlemen of the Middle Marches in 1550 (///. it. 247) ; and as a 
commissioner of inclosures in the same district in. 1552. (Border Laws.) In 1568, he was possessed of Scranwood, half the 
ville and manor of Horsley, Brinkheugh, Thrisley-haugh, Fieldhead, Linhirst, Cawseyfleld, Weldon, and lands in Thirnham. 
(Lawn. MS.fol. 16.)=r 

of Brinkheugh, esquire, died in 
1609, or thereabouts ; adminis- 
tration to the goods of Lancelot 
Horsley, of Brinkheugh, 10 Nov. 
1609, mentions Elizabeth, his 
widow, and his children, Thos. 
Catharine, Florentine, and Mar- 

garet, as under age.- 
Tett. p. 167. 


: ELIZABETH, daur. of John " JOHN HORSLEY, of HORSLEY, died about^ELEANOR, daur. of 

Widdririgton, of Haux- 1605." (Dugdate.) In Raine, we find in- William Hilton, of 

ley. The will of Thomas ventory of the goods of John Horsley, of I Hilton Castle, co. 

Widdrington,of Newcastle, Scranwood, 15 Sept. ; administration to I Durham, esq. 

dated 2 April, 1607, men- his goods, 4 Oct. 1609: both documents ; 

tions my cousin Elizabeth mention George Horsley his son & heir. (Test. pp. 165, 440.) 

Horsley, late wife of Lane. Mark Horsley, of Scranwood, in his will 19 Jan. 15SO, men- 

Horsley, late of Brink- tions, "my master John Horsley, esq." (Raines Test. 

heugh. (Raines Test. p. 



I suppose this to have been the John" Horsley who was present 
at the border meeting, Oct. 1585, at which lord Francis Rus- 
sel was slain. (Cot. MS. Calig. C. vUi. fol. 236.) 

Horsley, knt. aged 5*, 25 Aug. 1666. I of Wm Calver- of Brinkheugh, died WM H. of Horsley, died a- daur. of . ... 
General Monk was at Wooler, Jan. 1, 1 ley, of Calverley. in 1622. JOHN H. bout 1615, and Grey, of 

1660 ; at Whittingham the next day ; I 1. CATHARINE, wife of ... Fulwood. without issue. Chillingham. 

and, in his way to Morpeth, on the 3d, 2. MARGARET died unmarried. 

" he was entertained with his whole | 3. FLOREKTINA. 

train by an honest old knight, at his 

house, very kindly and nobly." (Kennefi Reg. p. 4.) The same authority states, that " the night before we came to Mor- 
peth we had good quarters, and were contented with what the house afforded. The gentleman was of the Romish religion, 

failed. We 
" (Page 7.) 

a year. (///. i. 338.) He was high-sheriff of Northumberland about the year 1664, and had Robert Widdrington, of Haux- 
ley, for his deputy, as appears by the will of Wm Widdrington, of Barnhill, gent, son of Robert Widdrington, of Hauxley. 
(Raine's Test. 917.) Will dated 1685. 

I ~T T 


ried Rebecca, dau. of Robt. Salvin, who died without issue ; HORSLEY. 
of Durham, and died in his father's married about 1655 ; will 
life time, without issue. dated 1657. 

Edward Widdrington, who was bro. lord Morn- 
of Wm lord Widdrington, and slain ington ? 
in the battle of Boyne, July 1, 1690. 

Gen. VI. EDWARD WIDDRINGTON^ELIZABETH, daur. of Caryl, third lord viscount Molyneaux, and sister of 1. MARY. 
aged 8, 1666 ; died 1705. Anne, wife of William Widdrington, esq. of Cheeseburn Grange, in this 2. DOROTHY. 

! county. 8. ELEANOR. 

I ' i I 

Gen. VII. EDWARD HORSLEY WIDDRINGTON,=FELIZABETH, daur. of ... Weld, 1. TERESA, wife of sir Wm Wheeler, of Leam- 
of Felton, esq. Will proved 1763. of Lulworth Castle, In Dor- ington Hastang, in Warwickshire. 

[ setshlre, esq. 2. BRIDGET. 


Gen. VIII. THOMAS RIDDELL, of Swinburne Castle, brother of Ralph Riddell, of Cheeseburn-rELizABETH WIDDRINGTON, 
Grange, 2nd son, and heir by will of his uncle Ralph Widdrington, his mother's brother. This j only daur. died in 1798. 
Thomas Riddell and his father engaged in the chivalrous rebellion of 1715. The father escaped 

from Lancaster Castle, and died at Swinburne Castle in 174-. Thomas, the son, was taken to London ; and, June 14, 1716, 
with others, was arraigned for treason, and pleaded guilty ; but was reprieved. His good behaviour in prison is spoken of 
with approbation in the " Secret History of the Rebellion," a work not guilty of over-kindness to the friends of the house of 
Stuart. This Thomas sold Fenham colliery to the Ord family, who had purchased the fee simple of the ground of that 
estate of his great-grandfather in 1695. He died in 1777. 

* EDWARD HOHSLEY died 10 Sept. 8 Henry VIII. possessed of Newton (Nova villa), near Bamborough, and leaving an only daughter, 
Elizabeth, who, in an inquest taken at Morpeth, Jan. 8, 3 Edward VI. i returned as heir to her brother Odonel, 21 years old, and wife of Wm 
Manners. ( Cole'* Etcheats ; Harl. MS. 760, p. 17; Cot. MS. Claud. C. vXi.) 



Issue of Thomas Riddell and Elizabeth AViddrington. 


Gen. IX. 1. THOMAS RIDDELL, mar- 2. Enw. HORSLET WIDDRINGTON RIDDELL, 1. MARY, living, and unmarried in 162S. 

ried 19 April, 1790, MARGARET, daur. married July 5, 1792, ISABELLA, daur. of 2. DOROTHY died unmarried. 

of Wm Salvin, of Croxdale, in conn. Win Salvin, of Croxdale ; he died s. p. at 3. ELIZABETH, wife of John Clifton, esq. 

Durham, by whom he had issue one Stella Hall, in 9. Durham, Jan. 26, 1793, of Lytham, in conn. Lancaster. 

son Thomas, who died young-. He ag-ed 27 ; after which, his widow married 4. ANNE married Nov. 25, 1792, sir Walter 

died at Felton Park, Nov. 25, 1798. 2dly, May 9, 1813, Ralph Riddell, of Cheese- Blourit, bart. of Sodington, Worcestershire, 

burn Grange, esq. and Mawley Hall, Shropshire. 

3. RALPH RIDDELL, of Fe.lton, esq. ; married 23 July, 1H01 ; succeeded to Felton-rELiZABETH, daur. of Joseph Blount, 2nd 
and Horsley on the death of his brother Edward, and to Swinburne Castle on the j son of Michael Blount, of Maple Durham, 
death of his brother Thomas. { conn. Oxford. 

i r~r- r i r~ i r~ i 

Gen. X. 1. THOMAS RIDDELI^HTMARY, daur. of Wm Throckmorton, 2. Enw. WIDDRINGTON 1. ELIZA. 

esq. of Swinburne Castle, mar- of Coughton, 4th son of Geo. son of RIDDELL. 2. JULIANA FRANCES died at 

ried Oct. 15,1827. sir Robert Throckmonon, baronet, 8. WILLIAM RIDDELL. Felton, Dec. 4, 1*>11, aged 4y. 

I of Coughton Court, Warwickshire. 4. HENRY RIDDELL. 3. LOUISA ; & 4. CHRISTINA, 

| 5. CHARLES RIDDELL. both of whom died young. 


3. THE FREEHOLDERS' QUARTER contains about 854 acres, which, in 1809, 
were rated for the county courts and gaol in Newcastle, on a rental of 701 
10s. a year. In 1821, it contained 109 people. Besides several freeholds in 
the village of Long Horsley, it comprizes within its circuit the hamlets or 
farm-steads of Black-pool, Muckley, and West-moor. b The origin of this dis- 
trict, as a distinct township, may possibly at some time be traced to the con- 
veyances made by Roger de Merlay the Third to the Gubeon and Plessy 
families, already noticed in the account of Riddell's quarter. The property 
in it has passed through different hands. The king's escheator, 28 Edw. III. 

b BLACK-POOL was purchased by Mr Bigge of the family of Bolton, who had resided upon it 
for a considerable time. It has excellent ground upon it, and stands on the southern verge of the 
millstone grit, which here throws out copious springs of fine water, perhaps by the effect of a dyke. 
" Laird Bolton" and his brother cut a figure at a goose feast in Whittle's Poems. MUCKLEY con- 
sists of about 226 acres, and belongs to Messrs Thompson, of Morpeth. HORSLEY WEST-MOOR 
is the property of the family of Bell, one of whom voted for a freehold in this parish, at the con- 
tested election in 1748. There is still on the south side of this parish a large tract of uninclosed 
ground, called Horsley Moor, the highest part of which that is passed over by the Wooler road is, ac- 
cording to a survey by Mr Telford, level with Linden-hill, and 461 feet above the level of the quay 
of Berwick upon Tweed; the highest part of the road-way on Rimside Moor being 816, on Glan- 
ton Hill 518, on Weldon Bridge 149, on Morpeth Bridge 85, on Carter Fell 1416, on Helm-on- 
the-Hill 350, on Felton Bridge 93, on Shilbottle Moor (at the fourth mile stone) 473, and at 
Heiferlaw Tower 451 feet above Berwick quay. For this information I am indebted to C. W. 
Bigge, esq. who has also ascertained by barometrical observations, that his house at Linden is 330 
feet, Roadley Castle 756, Coldrife 784, Sting Cross 950, and Elsden 546 feet above the level of 
the sea. The ordnance survey by Colonel Mudge makes Cheviot 2658; Hedgehope 2347; 
Simonside 1407; Alnwick Moor 808; Black Heddon, near Belford, 646; Roughlaw, in this 
parish, 595 ; and Lumsdonlaw, in Redesdale, 725 feet above the level of the sea. 



was commanded to take security from John Hatfield and Ellen his wife, a 
daughter and heir of sir Robert Bertram, chevalier, for the payment of rea- 
sonable relief for a moiety of a toft in North Horsley, holden under the baron 
of Greystock by homage and fealty. c Thomas Ogle had possessions here in 
9 Edw. IV. ; and Thomas Ilderton and Thomas Grey in the 20th year of the 
same reign. d Sir John Widdrington also, 26 Henry VI. died seized of two 
husband lands in Horsley ; which property, in the inquest after the death of 
Roger Widdrington, 29 Henry VI. is called two messuages, one cottage, and 
two husband lands, in North Horsley. 6 

The village of Long Horsley is the capital, and partly situated in each of 
the three quarters of this place already described. It contains about 400 per- 
sons, and stands in its greatest length on the road from Netherwitton to Fel- 
ton, but is crossed from north to south by the Wooler road. The tower, 
vicarage-house, and certain farm premises and cottages, partly belonging to 
Mr Bigge, form its west end arid its best part. Its east end is very meanly 
built, many of its cottages having chimney tops of wicker-work. At the 
entrance from the south are two good springs within a few yards of each 
other ; the one of hard, the other of fresh water. The school-house stands in 
the midst of the village, and pays an antient yearly rent to Mr Bigge. It is 
supported by voluntary subscriptions and quarter pence, and conducted upon 
Dr Bell's plan. Mrs Ogle's donation of 100 " for teaching of poor children 
and the poor of the parish," already noticed at p. 94, was vested in the hands 
of Job Bulman in 1786, but the interest of it had not been paid for four years 
prior to that time. 

The township of TooBURN f has its name from the rivulet which divides 
its grounds from those of the township of Wingates. It was a parcel of the 

c III. ii. 330. d Id. 278, 279. e Id. 275. 

f The Todburn is formed of the Wray and Wingates burns, and after taking in the Linden, falls 
into the Coquet a little above Weldon Bridge. Its banks are generally steep and narrow, but 
beautifully wooded, especially on the left. About Thistley-haugh, where this stream has thrown 
its banks into delightful forms, grievous havoc has of late years been done to its fine natural woods 
by the axe and cattle. It derives its name from the dingle through which it runs ; having in an- 
tient times, as at present, been the resort of foxes, which in this county were formerly called Todds. 
A stratum of limestone, which has been extensively worked, crops out among the sloping lands of 
this township in the direction from Todburn to the east of Horsley-bricks, and to the west through 
the north side of Wingates. 


manor of Horsley, and as such is constantly enumerated among the posses- 
sions of the Merlays and the descendants of their co-heir, Mary de Merlay, 
till their part of its lands was sold with the Linden quarter of this parish to 
Mr Bigge. Part of its lands were included in the grant from Roger de Merlay 
the Third to Adam of Plessy. In the time of Henry the Sixth, the Thorn- 
tons of Netherwitton, probably as assigns of the heirs of Isabella de Merlay, 
had a grant of free warren on their lands here, of which lands they are no- 
ticed as proprietors in 1483 and 1568. g John lord Lumley, from his connec- 
tion with the Thornton family, also occurs as owner of lands in Todburn in 
I609. h In 1663, sir Thos. Horsley, Geo. Collingwood, and John Thornton, 
esq. held this place in shares nearly equal. 1 The farm called Todburn Moor 
belongs to Mr de Lisle and Mr Riddell : the rest of the township to Mr Bigge. 
The township of WINGATES, J besides the land of its own ville, which are 

III. ii. 247, 396 ; Laws. MS. fol. 16. h Mick. MS. No. 33 ; K. 627. 

1 III. i. 284. 

J In church matters the whole townships of Wingates and Todburn are called the Wingate 
quarter. In antient documents the name of this place is written Wyndegates, Windegatis, and 
Windegaton, probably from the windy situation in which its gate or street is placed ; for the village 
consists of two farm-houses and two rpws of low thatched cottages running east and west in a very 
exposed situation, and having between them a town gate, which is the common street, and a place 
of very primitive appearance ; for, besides its being narrow, its road-way is a hollow pavement of rock, 
with large patches of wormwood, and a disorderly line of logs of wood, pig-sties, and ash-middens 
on each side between it and the cottages. The farm-houses, called Chirm-hall and Wingates Moor, 
were built by the late Mr Trevelyan, for the purpose of putting the moor lands attached to them 
as farms, into a state of improvement. The Chirm colliery is in a seam of about 23 inches, and 
has its name from a brook called the Chirm Linn, which falls into Maggleburn, from which there 
is a drift to take the water from the colliery. Formerly the workings were on the ground near 
Chirm-hall, and these still afford the chalybeate waters of Wingates Spa, " The History and Ob- 
vious Properties" of which were detailed in a duodecimo pamphlet of 84 pages, published in 1792, 
by Samuel Davidson, a surgeon at Rothbury, who found it to contain in every pint of water, 30 
grains of solid matter, namely, " 6 grains of a true sal martis" (oxide of iron), " 15 grains of 
alum, and 9 grains of an ochery matter, &c." The spring pours from the pipe a stream sufficient 
to nil the bath in two hours, which, in length, is ten feet, in breadth six feet, and near five feet in 
depth. The cures performed by these inky-tasting waters are much talked of; and Mr Davidson 
gives several cases in which they were successfully applied to scrofula, scurvy, herpes, and other 
complaints. Thirty or forty years since they were in considerable repute, being resorted to by 
persons from Scotland, and other distant places ; but their day of celebrity is gone by, and the 
feeble and the afflicted are now seldom seen in the lonely dingle in which the bath is situated. 


divided into two farms, includes in it the antient hamlet of Garretlee, and 
the three farms called the Chirm, Wingates-moor, and the Holme. The his- 
tory of this place is the same as that of Netherwitton ; for after passing 
through the families of Gospatrick, Merlay, Sommerville, and Ap Griffith, it 
was purchased by the Thorntons, whose co-heirs carried it in the last genera- 
tion to the families of Trevelyan and Witham, who continue joint proprietors 
of it. " Wyndgates and Gererdley," in 1381, contributed two shillings to- 
wards the expences of the knights of the shire attending parliament in that 

WITTON SHIELD is a township which, in 1821, contained only 21 inha- 
bitants. Its lands are divided from those of Stanton by a brook, which has 
woody banks, and runs into the Wansbeck. This is the place called " Sceles," 
in the clause of Roger de Merlay the Third's deed of the latter end of the 
reign of Henry the Third, which secured to it and Witton common of pas- 
ture in the grounds of Stanton, north of the Font, and as far as the village of 
Stanton, in lieu of a similar privilege which the same grant conferred on 
Walter de Corbet and his men of Stanton, of common of pasture within the 
fence of the field of Witton, as far as the stone bridge, on the north side of 
the Font. This, I apprehend, is also " the place," called " Stantonsheles," 
of which sir Robert de Ogle, lord of Ogle, died siezed in 1410 ; ! arid the 
" Stantonsheles, near Witton-on-the- Water," which Christiana Grey, widow 
of John de Prestwick, held for the term of her life ; but of which John de 
Prestwick, of Horsley, son of the above John de Prestwick, released all right 
and claim for ever, by deed, dated upon the spot, May 3, 1414 ; m since which 
time it continued to be a possession of the Thorntons of Nethervvitton, till it 
fell into the hands of Trevelyan and Witham, by the marriage of their co- 
heiresses. A description of the old mansion-house of the Thorntons, at Wit- 
ton Shield, has already been given in part ii. vol. i. p. 321. The farm-houses 
called Doe-hill and High Trewhitley are in this township. 

STANTON township contains about 1600 acres, all of which belong to Geo. 
Baker, esq. of Elemore, in the county of Durham. The lands belonging to 

Perhaps its inconvenient distance of a mile from Wingates, and the bad accommodations for 
gtrangers there, are the chief causes of its desertion. 

k Wallis, ii. apx. 5. 
1 III, ii. 266, Horsley Miscel. No. 14. 


the village are divided into two farms ; besides which, the township includes 
the farms called Abshields, Berry-hill, Harelaw, Roughlaw, Stanton-fence, 
Stanton-mill, Trewhitley, and Whinny-hill, the lands of the Coal-houses being 
now included in one of the Stanton farms. After the division of the Merlay 
property between their two co-heiresses, this place continued to be holden 
of the earls of Dunbar by the lords of Netherwitton, and under them by a 
succession of mesne lords, who exercised the privilege of holding courts leet 
and baron upon it, and reckoned the estates of Langshaws and Learchild as 
members of their manor. 11 But when the earl of March, in 1337, took the 
side of his own country against Edward the Third, his barony of Beanley was 
seized and given to sir Henry de Percy, on which occasion the crown issued 
a mandate to Philip de Somerville to do homage to sir Henry for all the lands 
he held in " Witton-underwode, Horsley, Stanton, and Wyndegates," as he 
arid his ancestors had formerly done to the Gospatric family ; the descend- 
ants of whom, however, under the names of Corbet, Mitford, arid Fenwick, 
continued in possession of the fee simple of this estate, and of its manorial 
courts, till the late Mr Fenwick, of By well, sold it to its present proprietor. 
It has already been shown that the chief lord of this estate claimed the privi- 
lege of disposing of its heirs in marriage ; and De Merlay's grant of common 
of pasture, arid other privileges, to Walter de Corbet and Joan his wife, and 
to her heirs, without any preference to the heirs of her husband, seems to 
show that she was heiress of the estate, and that the Corbet family obtained 
it by marrying her. The details of its history are worked into the pedigree 
of its lords ; many of whom were men of distinction ; and Stanton, in their 
time, a place of hospitality and consideration. But after the Fenwick family 
increased their estate by two successive intermarriages with their cousins, 
who were heiresses of the houses of Brinkburn and Bywell, their residence 
here seems to have been infrequent. Veitch, the covenanter, so frequently 
noticed before in this work, in May, 1677> removed from Harnham Hall to 
Stanton Hall, " where," he tells us, " he found his lot fallen in none of the 
best places." 15 Three of his daughters, Sarah, Agnes, and Janet, the last of 

n Wallis, ii. 493 ; III, i. 42, 213, 214, 223. Rot. Scot. i. 485, 

P He describes the country as abounding with papists, and the parish church as filled with a 
violent persecutor, one Mr Thomas Bell, whose history has been already narrated. On the second 


whom was his tenth child, were horn at Stanton Hall ; and " old Mr Fen- 
wick and his lady" were witnesses to the haptism of his two first. " Madam 
Ramsay, of Stanton," 20 July, 17^1, executed a lease of one-third part of the 
manor of Earle to Frances Selby. She was a daughter of Robert Ellison, 
esq. of Hebburn ; second wife of William Fenwick, of this place ; and after- 
wards wife of Alderman Ramsay, of Newcastle. The last of the line of the 
Corbets and Fenwicks, of Stanton, who resided here, was Mrs Wilkinson, 
mother of Mrs Bigge, of Linden. Modern alterations have so defaced the 
tower which John Corbet occupied in the time of Henry the Sixth, that few 
traces of it are now observable ; and the sashed and stone mullioned windows 
put into it at different periods by the Fenwicks, are patched up with boards, 
or bundles of clouts and straw, or are open to the owls and daws. It is not, 
however, entirely tenantless. A person, who earns a livelihood out of its 
sunny and well-walled gardens, lives in a part of it ; a little shop is kept in 
another ; a third portion of it is converted into a poor-house ; and the rest of 

Sabbath in August, 1677, Mr Veitcb, having a meeting in his own house, sir Thomas Horsley, of 
Long Horsley, and William Ogle, of Causeway Park, two justices of the peace, with a party, 
beset the house both at the front and postern-gates, and began to break open the doors, " but in 
the mean time the minister got into a hole within the lining of a great window, which had been 
made on purpose, for the whole room was lined about with wainscoat," though this retreat was 
not effected without great hazard of " spoiling" his wife by the shutting of a door, " she being 
great with child." One of the party, a Scotch gardener, saw the minister going into his hiding 
place, but quieted his wife's alarms by whispering " Fear not." The house was searched to the 
garrets, but without success. Mr Bell and some of his neighbours, however, " represented to 
Lauderdale, returning from Scotland to the court, the dangerous condition of these northern coun- 
ties, and that because of many vagrant Scotch preachers, by whose means the infection begun, did 
spread, and was likely to pass Tyne bridge, and approach the very noble parts of the nation, if 
not timeously prevented." Whereupon several troops of horse and dragoons were sent down with 
orders to act by counsel and command of Colonel Strother. On January 19, 1679, Major Ogle- 
thorpe, who had command of the dragoons, having information that Mr Veitch had arrived at 
home the night before under the guidance of one Cleugh, a sheriff's bailiff, beset the house about 
five o'clock in the morning, and after breaking in the windows, " apprehended the minister, and 
carried him to Morpeth jail, where he remained prisoner 12 days." All the proceedings in this 
arrest, and the circumstances attending his removal for trial at Edinburgh, are minutely related by 
Mr Veitch, and contain certain curious notices of Northumberland families, and the account of 
the tragical end of Mr Bell, as related above at p. 91. In the spring of 1680, he had the shaking 
ague; and, in January, 1682, was in London (Id. p. 262, 264J 


its rooms are either unoccupied, or only occasionally used as granaries. Some 
of the rooms are wainscoated with high pannels and hroad stiles, painted in 
imitation of marble ; and others hung with tattered tapestry. Many of the offices 
and pent-houses about it have been removed. Tradition points out the site of 
of its cliapel 100 yards to the south-east, in a grove of sycamores, behind the 
gardens. The site of the house itself, on rising ground, on the north side of the 
Font, is good ; and the prospect from it, over the beautiful valley of Witton- 
by-the-waters, and the woods of Langshaws and Nunriding, exceedingly pleasing. 
Above it, to the north, on each side of the road to Long Horsley, stood the 
old village of Stanton, now dwindled into two farm houses, and a few cot- 
tages ; but grass-grown remains of numerous buildings on each side of the 
way through it, show that when its former lords resided upon it, it maintain- 
ed a considerably greater population than it does at present. The call roll of 
its court, in 1679, contains a list of 45 " tenants within the manor ;" the free 
tenants in which are noticed in the note below.* 1 On the Limekilnflat, about 
a quarter of a mile north of the village, a stone cross still stands in a field on 
the east side of the way, which the tradition of the neighbourhood says, was 
set up in memory of a gentleman of the name of Clavering being slain on the 
spot, in an encounter with a party of Scots. The monks of Brinkburn had a 
grant of a messuage in Stanton, from Richard Bertram, their founder/ 

i " The freeholders, that answered to the court leet and court baron" of that year, were " Ro- 
bert Fenwick of Langshaws, The heir of Robert Clavering of Learchild, George Beadnell of Lem- 
ington, gentleman, Mark Wealand of Longwitton, yeoman, Thomas Hedley of Ewesley alias 
Toftslaw, and Cuthbert Smith of Longwitton." (Cambo papers.} In 18 Car. II. the same free 
tenants, with the exception of Thomas Hedley and Cuthbert Smith, appear upon the Call-roll, 
besides 16 tenants in Stanton, 3 in Sheels, 7 in Berryhill, 4 in Limekilnfield, 12 in Coal-houses, 
5 in Abshields, and ... in Trewitley ; in which year, Henry Henderson, for keeping a junket, and 
taking the smelts at spring time of the year, was presented, and amerced 16s. 4d. ; and " Henry 
Hamling for killing of salmon at kepper time" was fined 6s. 8d. (Stanton Court Rolls.} These 
entries show that salmon frequented the Font at that time. The same rolls also contain curious entries 
for " night lares" in the lord's meadow and corn, by his tenants' cattle ; some for troubling the 
court ; some for " fray and blood ;" one for overstint in Limekilnflat ; and Edward Dixon, in 
1625, was amerced 3s. 4d. for saying, in the open court, that " Isaac Batchelor was a forsworn 

' Brinkb. Cart. fol. 49, No. 153. 



ARMS. Camden says, that the surname Cot-bet means a raven ; and the seal appended to the deed of John de Corbet, 

dated 24 June, 1S90, and printed below In the Horsley Miscellanea, No. 11, has on a shield, 3 ravens, 2 and 1. Some of 
the same name bore on a field or, one raven sable. (Sir D. Smith's MSS.J But parts of the family of Corbet, who settled 
in Northumberland, on account of their being by the male line descended from the Cospatricks, earls of Dunbar, sealed with 
the bearing of their paternal coat, which was a lion rampant, and is displayed on the housing of the horse, and on the 
shield of the knight, on the drawing of the seal appended to the copy of the deed No. 4, and on the original of No. 6 of the 
evidences to this genealogy. 

I. PATRICK, FIFTH EARL OF DUNBAR, and also 5th in descent from Cospatrick, official earl of Nortbum-^AnA, natural daur. 
berland, and son of Maldred, by Agitha, daughter and heiress of Ucthred. prince of Northumberland, I of William I. king 
by Elgiva, daur. of Ethelred, king of England. This Patrick became a monk of Melrose, and died in of Scotland. 

1200. (Doug. Peerage of Scotland. ) 

I 1 1 1 

II. PATRICK, SIXTH EARL WILLIAM, son of Patrick earlnrCHRisTiANA I>F. CORBET, ADA married, Istly, to PATRICIUS BE 

or DUNBAR, married Eu- of Dunbar, with the consent of 

phemia, daur. of Walter, Nicholas Corbet, his son & heir, 

high steward of Scotland, granted to Walter his son, for 

and died at Damietta, in his homage and service, all his 

Egypt, in 1248.=r= Innds in Colwell (Horsley 

1 Miscel. No. 3.) 

dau. & heiress of Walter ... Curtenay, by whom 


de Corbet, of IMakerston. she had no issue ; 2dly, 
to William, son of Pa- 
trick, second son of Cospatrick, the 
third earl, progenitor of the earls of 

III. PATRICK, SEVENTH 1. SIR NicHOLAs=MARGERY,=rRalph Fitz- 2. SIR WALTER DE=rJoAN, to whom 3. ADA married 

EARL or DUNBAR, was a CORBET, knt. son one of the A William, 

CORBET, kt. broth, 
of Nicholas, releas- 
ed to William de 
Strother and Joan 
his wife, in 1316, 
all the right he had 

and to her husb. Robert de Lisle, 
& her heirs, Ro- who had 8 bo- 
ger de Merlay vates of land in 
the Third grant- Langton in free 
ed common of marriage with 

pasture & other her (Horsley 

privileges in Misc. Nu. 6.) 
Stanton, as de- 
tailed in the deed, No. 9, in the 
Horsley Miscellanea. 

witness to his uncle Wil- and heir of Wil- danrs. and lord of 
Ham's grant of lands in Ham, consented co-heirs of Greystock. 
Col well to his son Walter, to a deed of his Hugh de 
(Hors. Misc. No. 8.) fath. respecting Uolbeck. 

Kirknewton ; & 

granted to his brother sir Walter Corbet, and his heirs, all his lordship inthevillesofLang- 
of Langton, in Glendale (Hors. Misc. No. 4; ; and to Simon de Hoitbal ton and Newton. 
and his wife, he confirmed a grant, which his father William, son of (Hors. Misc. No. 7.) 
the earl, had made to them of the hospital in Newton, in Glondale, He also gave to 
with half a carucate of land belonging to it. fid. No. 5.) He also, John, the son of 
by a deed without date, gave lands in Langton, in Glendale, to Robert John de Haweltori, an annuity of one mark out of his 
de Lisle, in free marriage with his sister Ada. (Id. No. 6.) In 5 part of the mill of Colwell. f/d. No. 8.) He and his 
Edw. I. 1276, on his being summoned to meet the king at Worcester, wife Joan had from Roger de Merlay the Third, a 
on the day of John the Baptist, in that year, Hugh de Haddelege, Ro- grant to themselves, their heirs, and their men of 
ger de Musegrave, and Robert de Rocheley, offered their services in his Stanton, of common of pasture, with the men of Wit- 
stead for his quarter of the Bolbeck barony. (Cot. MS. Claud, ii. 2, ton, Wingates, and Horsley, for all their working 
fol. 87; Rym. feed. ii. 73; Palgrave, l;c.J He died without issue. beasts & cattle in all the grantors nteekMcd ground 

on the north side of the Font ; saving to the lord the 

privilege granted to him by the statute of Merton.* De Merlay also, by the same grant, gave to them and their men of 
Stanton, common of pasture within the fence in the field of Witton, as far as the stone bridge, on the north side of the Font, 
on condition that he and his men of Witton and of Shiels had the like privilege in the field of Sfanton, on the north side of 
the Font, as far as the ville of Stanton ; and he further conceded to them reasonable estovers in his woods north of the Font, 
for building, burning, and fencing, as well as panage for their swine, and the liberty of gathering nuts wherever they and 
the people of Witton and Horsley, by right, had been accustomed to gather them. (Hors. Misc. No. 9 ) His name occurs in 
a list of persons, 'in the time of Edward the First, who ought to be, knights, but were not. (Cot. MS. Claud. C. ii. fol. 81.) \ 

He gave common of pasture to the monks of Hexham for 32 oxen, 10 cows, and 240 sheep, in Colwell. (III. ii. 163.) 

I , 

IV. I. ROGER CORBET, son and heir of Walter Corbet, paid a fine to the crown in 34 Edw. III. for 2. THOMAS Cc 

having certain forfeited lands and tenements in Leverchild, Alberwick, and other places in Northum- died before 27 

berland, restored to him. (III. i. 327, 375.) This condonation probably became requisite on account III. 1353. 
of Roger Corbet having fought under the rebel standard of Gilbert de Middleton in 1317. 



V. JOHN CORBET was under age at the time of his father's death, as appears by an indenture amongst the Stanton papers,=r 
by which Philip de Somerville, lord of Wilton Underwood, granted to Roger of Horsley the manor of Stanton, which had 
come into his hands on account of the non-age of John, the son of Thomas Corbet, to hold to the said Roger, his assigns and 
executors, from Candlemas, 27 Edw. III. to the end of nine years, when the said John would be of full age. (Hors. Misc. 
No. 10.) This John, by deed, dated at Stanton, June 24, 1390, entailed a third part of the manor, demesne lands, mill, and 
ville of Stanton, upon his son Roger and Isabella his wife, and their issue, with remainder to himself and right heirs. (Id. 
No. 11.) He was living, and proprietor of the tower of Stanton in the early part of the reign of Hen. VI. (HI. i. 28.) 

VI. HOGER CORBET was probably married about the year 1390 (Hors. Misc. No. \l) ; but dead before June 24,-rISABELLA. 
1401. (Id. No. 12.) i 


VII ROBERT CORBET, whose marriage was granted to his grandfather John, by sir Thomas Griffith, lord of Witton, by 2 ^ 

Indenture, dated at Wichnor, 24 June, 1401. -^-f Horsley Miscellanea, No. 12.) | 


VIII. --GERARD MITFORD. An jndenture among the deeds at^MARGERY CORBET, upon the history of whose descendants a 
Netherwitton, dated July 20, 1426, witnesses that Roger/Kf'oud of darkness still rests, till the marriage of her heiress of 
Thornton granted to his cousin Gerard Mitford, for his good her own name to Ralph Fenwick, of the house of Fenwick of 
services, the marriage of Margery Corbet, of Stanton, on the Wallington, who was sheriff of Northumb. in J515 ; and 
conditions following, that is to say, " that he the said Gerard through whom the line of this antient family of Corbet (ex- 
her shall wed & take to wife afore the feast of Michaelmas next cepting in the chasm during the residence of the Mitfords here) 
coming, and do all services due from Stanton to Witton," can be clearly traced upwards to Waltheof, earl of Northumb. 
among which it was required, that " the said Gerard shall whose son Ucthred married Elgiva, dau. of Ethelred, the 2nd 
ride in gentleman's degree at commandment of the said Roger, king of England ; and downwards, as may be seen in the foi- 
as well in war as in peace, within this realm." lowing pedigree, into families of distinction still existing. 

* Chapter 4 of this statute empowers the lord to grant pasture on his wastes, where his tenants already enfeoffed in such privileges have 
sufficient, and to spare. 




I. MARY DEL' STROTHKB, heiress of Wellington. (See above, p. 75. )T WILLIAM FENWICK.^ELIZABETH WIDDRIXOTOW. 

/K I 

II. 1. ROGER FENWICK, high-sheriff of Northumberland in 1503, and eqsuire of the body of Henry the Eighth. .TrAGNES, sister to 
2. # 8. He had two brothers, RALPH, ancestor of the Fenwicks of Nunnykirk, and GERARD, progenitor of the Fen- \ sir Ralph Harb,t- 
wicks of Harbottle, Brinkburne, East Heddon, SfC. [ tie. 

Ill j. sm RALPH FENWICK, knt. of Stanton; high-sheriff of Northumb. ^MARJORY MITFORD, 2. ROGER FENWICK, esq. of 

' heiress of Stanton, Green leigh ton, where he 

which place she en- occupied lands which had 

tailed upon her son belong-ed to the abbey of 

John. (Hors. Misc. Newminster. (II. i, 291.) 

111. J. SIR IxAI.JH r r. *> J i. Pk, nut. VL oboijtvu, in 

in 1514 ; and, in 1524, keeper of Tindal, which office he threatened to re- 
sign, unless the profits of certain lands in Plemneller, which the king had 
given to sir Nicholas Ridley, were restored to it. (Hors. Misc. No. 15.) He 
died before 1535, in which year his widow entailed Stanton on her son 
John, and Langshaws on her son Anthony. 

No. 16.) 

IV. 1. JOHN FENWICK, esq. on whom and his issue Stanton = j = MARY, daur. of 2. ANTHONY FENWICK, ancestor of the Fen- 

was entailed, as relatf d above p. 75, & in Horsley Miscellanea, 
No. 16. John Fenwick, of Esthedwin, and Anthony Fenwick, 
of Stanton, 12 Aug. 28 Henry VIII. 1536, were bound to their 
mother Marjory in 200, to suffer her peaceably to enjoy " the 
hool manor of Stanton, with the lands there, and in Abscheles, 
Limekylnefield, East Langshaws, and West Langshaws, for 
the term of her life." (Stanton papers.) 

sir Ralph Grey, wicks of Langshaws. (See above, p. 75; and 
of Chill ingham. Horsley Miscellanea, No. 16.) 

8. GUISCHARD FENWICK died in 1610. 

4. WILGEFRID FENWICK married ... MUSGRAVE. Her mother, 
Marjory Fen wick, 20 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. settled all her lands, 
&c. in Cresswell, Newbigg ;n, and Newcastle, upon this " Wil- 
gefrid," for the term of her life, with rem. to Cuthbert Mus- 
grave, son and heir of Thos. Musgrave, marshal of Berwick, 
and his heirs male. (Horsley Misc. No. 16.) 

a concubine. 

} enclosing the Middle Marches in 1552. (Leg. March. 331.} 
-' in consideration of a convention between him and sir John 

V. AGNES CoLLiNGWOOD,"T"RALPH FENWICK, esq. of Stanton, was a commissioner for-pBARBARA, daur. of John Ogle, of 

Ogle Castle, to whom her husband, 
by deed, dated 10 March, 1557, 
granted all his lands, tenements, 
&c. in Abshields, for the term of 
her life; & mad.: Jarrard Heron, 
of Riplington, & Laurence Thorn- 
ton, of Shields, his attornies, to 
give possession. (Stanton papers.) 

Ogle, and Roger Thornton, of Witton, he granted to Alex. Heron, of Meldon, Clement 
Ogle, Jerrard Heron, of Riplington, Anthony Fenwick, of Longshaws, Lancelot Ogle, of 
Ogle, and Laurence Thornton, of Shields, his manor of Stanton, and all his heredita- 
ments, in Limekilnfield, Abshields, Longwitton, Broddeane, Farnelawe, East and West 
Harterton, Fesilbe, Denam, North Middleton, Cowpan, Hessenden, Horsley, Trewhit 
Shields, and Hunllaw, in Northumberland, and Crawcrook, in Durham, by deed, dated 

10 May, 1557. (Stanton papers.) 

VI. WILLIAM FENWICK. " To all 1. MARGARET, daur. of Wm=j=RicHARn FENWICK, of Stanton, in=2. DOROTHY, daur. of 

trewe christen peope Rauffe Fen- Mills, of Grey's Inn, London, 

wick of Stantonne . Knowe ye that and of Croyden, in Surrey, 

I have geven vrito Will'm Fenwick esq. to whom Richard Fen- 
my base begotten sonne and Agnes wick, of Stanton, 28 May, 22 
Collenwode bis mother a sartayne Eliz. 1580, gave a bond for 
annuitye of xxxs. of and in 2 ten'ts .1500. (Stanton papers.) 
on the este side of the towne of Stan- 
ton." Dated 10 March, 3 & 4 Philip and Mary. 

1568, according to the queen's feo- Roger Thornton, of 
dary's account for that year, was Witton. 

seized of the manor and ville of 

Stanton, Abshields, Limekilnfield, a moiety of the ville of 
Longwitton, and lands in Farnelaw, Trewhitlcy Shields, 
Eshenden, and Cowpen. (La-'s. MS. fol. 17.) He was 
taken prisoner at the battle of the Redeswire, 5th July, 
1575, and, with divers others, carried to Dalkeith, where 
they were detained for a short time, but all s-;nt back, 
except Forster the lord warden, and his son-in-law sir Francis Russell, who was afterwards slain by the Scots, at a meeting 
at Heppeth-head gate, and, according to Collins, buried at Alnwick. (Horsley Misc. No. 17.) In May, 1587, he had a grant 
from William Fenwick, of Wallington, esq. for 20, of " a messuage, tenement, and farmbold in Longwitton, in the tenor 
of Thos. Barber," Wygiot Fenwick & Wm Fenwick, of Stanton, gentlemen, being the grantor's attornies to give possession. 
(Stanton papers.) He probably had a brother, who had a son Richard ; for Raine's Testamenta contains the following 
note : " 22 Feb. Administration to the goods of Ralph Fenwick, of Whelpington, to Ralph Fenwick, of Stanton, his uncle. 
(Page 119.) 

VII. WILLIAM FENWICK, of Stanton, esq.-pELizABETH, daur. of sir Cotton Gargrave, of Nostal, Yorkshire. Richard Fen- 

born 22 Sept. 1581. In 22 Eliz. 1638, is 
described as son of Richard, and holding 
the manor of Stanton in capite of the king 
by knight's service. The house of commons, 
20 June, 1645, appointed him a commis- 
sioner of taxes for Northumberland. He 
died June 12, 1647. 

wick & Margaret his wife, by indenture, dated 8 Aug. 8 Jac. I. 1605, covenanted 
to acknowledge a fine to bis son William Fenwick, and his heirs, of the manor of 
Longwitton, and lands there and in Hartburn, Bolam, Harnham, Fernylaw, 
and North Middleton, to the use of him " the said Wm Fenwick and Elizabeth 
his now wiffe, being one of the daughters of sir Cotton Gargrave, late of Nostal, 
in the county of York, knight, deceased, and to their heirs male, &c." (Stanton 

VIII. EDWARD FENWICK, of Stanton, esq. born 29 Oct. 1606 J-T-SARAH NEVILLE, her husband, & her husband's CECILIA. 
called son and heir apparent of William Fenwick, of Stanton, I father, were bound to her father Francis Ne- MARGARET. 
in deeds, dated 9 July, 1636, and 20 March, 1637, and to which ville, of Chete, 9 July, 1636. (Stanton deeds.) 
he and his father were parties. (Stanton papers.) He died Aug. She died at her daughter's house, at Little Ba- 
14, 1689. | vington, 17 April, 1691. 

IX. 1. ROGER FENWICK, DOROTHY, daur. of=2. WILLIAM FENWICK, of Stanton,' 

born 1632 ; a col. in caval- Culcheth, of born 24 May, 1633; died at Erd- 

ry, and slain in 1658. Erdinglon, ob. s.p. Ing-ton , 24 May. 1675. IRDINGTON 

is the name of a parish in Gils- 
land, in Cumberland ; and, in 1372, belonged to sir Robert Fenwick, when he gave 
two parts of it to the monks of Newminster. (Wallis, ii. 306.) This William is 
described in a Stanton deed of 26 Car. II. 1674, as Wm Fenwick, of Irdington, in 
Cumberland, which deed recites another of 21 Feb. 1659, between Edw. Fenwick, 
of Stanton, Sarah his wife, Wm and Peter (two of their sons), Francis Neville, of 
Cbevitt, first part ; Robert and Benjamin Ellison, of Newcastle, second part ; sir 
William Fenwick, bart. and Christopher Nichols, third part, &c. 

: ELIZABETH, daur. of Robert Ellison, of 
Hebburn Hall, in coun. Durham, esq. ; 
bap. 19 Feb. 1637; married March 1, 
1660. She married 2dly, Wm Ramsay, 
of Newcastle, by whom she had 2 sons, 
George and William, mentioned in the en- 
tail of Brinkburne, by her eldest son's 
wife, as noticed below. 

(For remainder of issue, turn over to) 




Issue of Wm Fenwick and 

Elizabeth Ellison. 

Continuation of issue of Edw. Fenwick 

and Sarah Neville. 

S & 4. PETER and JOHN, twins, died without issue. 

5. ROBERT FENWICK, born 8 June, 1646 ; married ANNE, daur. of ... Culcheth, of Erdington. He died at Morpeth, 
1698; and his widow died 8 Feb. 1732. 

6. JAMES FENWICK, of Coatyards, born in 1645, and in I(>72 was married to Mary ; living Aug. 20, 1696.* This Jas. 

had a son, Cuthbert, who married Catharine, daughter of Laton Eden, vicar of Hartburn ; marriage settlement dated 22 Nov. 
1703. He mortgaged Coatyards, and died in 1748 =A 

7. 8. HENRY and EDWARD, both died a. p. 

9. THOMAS FENWICK, of Berwick, gent, whose will is dated 11 March, 1695, and mentions " my two messuages in Idle- 
lane, London ; my brother James Fenwick, of Coatyards ; my sister Frances, wife of John Shaftoe, of Bavingtou ; my 
nephew Robert Fenwick, of Morpeth, gent. ; my nephew Roger Fenwick, of Stanton." (Koine's Test. 678.) 

1. ISABELL died s. p. 2. FRANCES, wife of John Shaftoe, of Little Bavington. 


X. 1. ROGER FENWICK,^ELIZABETH, only daur. 2. ROBERT FENWICK married 1. 2. WILLIAM & CULCHETH, both died s. p. 
of Stanton in 1694; dead of George Fenwick, of Frances, daur. of sir John 8. EDWARD FENWICK married Eliz. French- 
before2 Oct. 1701. ! BRINKBURN, as wi- Heron, by whom he had is- field, in London, in 1718. 

dow of Roger Fenwick, sue Elizabeth, who was liv- 4. 5. CHARLES and ROBERT died s. p. 
of Stanton, by indenture, dated 2 Oct. 1701, set- ing in 1761 ; & other daurs. 6. JOHN FEN WICK. =^ 
tied Brinkburne, and other property, on Robert who died without heirs male. 7. 8. ROGER, and DOROTHY. 
Ellison, of Hebburne, and Wm Ramsay, of Brink- 
burne, in trust, for her own use, for her life ; and, after her death, to her sons John and Roger, and their heirs successively ; 
and, failing them, to William Fenwick, of Halnaby, and his heirs male ; remainder to George and William, sons of alderman 
Ramsay ; remainder to her right heirs. (U, 90.) 

daur. and co-heir 
of Wm Fenwick, 
of BY WELL, bap. 
4Ap. 1703; bur. 
1727. This match 
united the three 
houses of Stanton, 
Brinkburne, and 

of Stanton and By- 
well, born 24 Feb. 
and bap. at Long- 
horsley, 8 March, 
1698: god-fathers, 
Mr Robert Ellison, 
of Hebburn, & Mr 
John Shaftoe, of 
Bavington ; god- 
mother the hon'ble 
lady Mary Fen wick, 
lady to the late sir 
John Fenwick;* 
wife at Bywell, in 

-ALICE, daur. of Thomas 2. GEORGE FENWICK, born 22 April, and christened 27 of 
Errington, of Beaufront, same month : god-fathers, sir Thomas Loraine, of Kirk- 
esq. and aunt to the late harle, bart. and uncle Henry Collingwood, of Branxton ; 
John Errington, esa. god-mother, " my mother Ramsay." He died 18 May, 
commonly styled the 1 706, in a convulsion. * 
" Chief of Beaufront." She 8. ROGER FENWICK, born Nov. 1, 1700; christened on 14 
was buried at Bywell 22 of same month : god-fathers, Wm Loraine, of Kirkharle, 
Nov. 1731. and Wm Ogle, of Cawsey Park, esqrs. ; god-mother, our 
aunt Wilkinson, of Brinkburn.* 
4. RALPH son of Roger Fenwick, of Stanton, was buried at Hartburn, 20 May, 1700. 
1. ELIZABETH FENWICK, born 29 Dec. 1694; christened 7 Jan. 1695: "god-father, 
my brother Robt. Fenwick ; god-mothers, my mother Ramsay & aunt Colling wood. 
The same day, king William died."* Sho married Wm Fenwick, of Bywell, whose 
daughter and co-heir, Margaret, married John, the eldest brother of this Elizabeth. 
2. MARGARET FENWICK, born Aug. 14, 1696, and christened on the 20th of the same 
month : " god-father, my uncle James ; god-mothers, my mother Ramsay, and my 
honoured cousin Madam Eliz. Forster. She died of the king-cough, at a year and a 
half old."* Buried at Hartburn, Aug. 19, 1698. 

married his first 
the year 1719. 

I I I 1 


of Bywell, esq. born 25 Jan. of Wm Bacon, esq. of Sta- 1726, and died young. baptized 20 Sep. I of Hallington, 

1722; marr. at Bishop- Auck- ward, by Forster, his 4. MARG. FENWICK bap. at 1731 ; living in I esq. which estate 

land; buried at Bywell, 30 wife, and grand-daughter of Bywell, 3 Ap. 1723; mar- 1762. he obtained by 

Aug. 1782. } John Bacon. She? died 17 ried William Swinburne, | his wife. 

March, 1769, aged 52, and of Longwitton, esq. 

was buried at Bywell. 

2. JOHN FENWICK, of Low Framlington, in this county, and Cleadon, in the county of Durham ; bap. at Bywell, 4 August, 
1724; married Dorothy, daur. of ... Lascelles.=p 

of Bywell, esq. born 22 of Bywell, esq. born 
Jan. 1748; died unmar- 19 March, 1749; mar- 
ried, ried 18 February 1792, 
Frances, da. of Francis 

Daniel, of Gloucester, esq. ; died in Sep. 1802; after 
which time his widow re-married the Rev. Septi- 
mus Hodson, rector of Thrapston, in Northamp- 
tonshire, who sold Bywell to T. W. Beaumont, 
esq. M. P. 

ROBERT, son of John 
Fenwick, of Fram- 
lington, esq. bap. at 
Mitford Jail. 13, 1756, 
at which time his fa- 
ther resided at Nun- 
riding. He went to 
India. =r 

1. CHRISTOPHER SOULSBY, esq. married Julia, 
daur. of ... Hudson, of Bessingby, co. Ebor. 

2. ALICE married Thos. Heath, esq. by whom 
she had two sons. 

3. MARY, wife of Christopher Wilkinson, of=p 
Thorpe, in co. Ebor, brother of James Wilkin- 
son, who married Jane, dau. of Matthew Bell, 
of Woolsington ; & sister of Marg. AVilkinson, 
who married Isaac Cookson, esq. of Newcastle. 

XIV. JOHN LASCELES= ANSTEY, grand-daughter of Christopher Anstey, author 1. CHRISTOPHER THOMAS WILKINSON, 

FENWICK. of the Bath Guide, &c. and daughter of ... Anstey, author of a major in the artillery. 

the Pleader's Guide. 2. BRIDGET died an infant. 

3. JAMES died in India. 

4. ALICE, wife of Charles Win Bigge, 

esq. of Linden, in this parish. Mrs Bigge's mother, and her grandmother Mary Fenwick, were both born in Stanton HalJ, 
the antient seat of their maternal ancestors the Fenwicks, Mitfords, and Corbels ; which last family, as has been shown, 
were descendants of the famous family of Cospatrick, earls of March and Dunbar, whose ancestor, Cospatrick, was official 
earl of Northumberland at the time of the Conquest, and grandson of Elgiva, daughter of Ethelred the Second, seventh in 
descent from Ecbert the <3reat, first king of England, a. d. 838.=p 

ue above, p. 99. 

* From a folio Bible of Roger Fenwick, of Stanton, belonging to the compiler of thii pedigree. 



[Inserted here as an illustration of the pedigree of Fenwick, of Wallington and Brinkburne ; and compiled from Vincent's 
Visitation of Northumberland ; private papers of different families ; genealogical collections of G. C. Young, esq. York Herald, 
College of Arms ; communications from the late Rev. Charles Fenwick, vicar of Slawston, from the Rev. George Ousely Fen- 
wick, rector of Kempston, and from different other sources. There is evidently some confusion in the second and third 
generations of this pedigree, which I hope the future researches of my correspondents, or myself, may be able from 
authentic documents to clear up.] 

I. MARY STROTHER. The Fenwicks-r-JoHN DE FEN--T-EHZABETH Win- " JOHN DK BURROWDEN, late of Borrowden, iri 

of Wallington, Meldon, &c. are from/K 
this marriage. 




II. 1. SIR ROGER FENWICK, 3. GERARD FENWICK,-!-... daur. and 

ent. had a demise in 

co-heir of 
John deBur- 

Cokedale, esq." mentioned in a deed 11 Feb. 

Hen. VIII. 1510. (Swinb. MSS. i. 174.) 

__ i 

one of the daurs. and gent, and Eliz. 
co-heirs of John de his wife, party to 
Burrowden." the deed of 1 Hen. 


from whom the Fenwicks of gent, hai 
Stanton, &c. descended. 1510, of Burrowden, 

2. RALPH FENWICK, who was for 21 years, from Ro- 
the founder of the families bert Lisle and Eliza- 
which resided at Nunnykirk, beth his wife, in which 
Longwitton, &c. it was covenanted that 

"during all the said term, Roger Fenwick the elder, esq., Ralph Fenwick the elder, 

Ralph Fenwick the younger, and Roger Fenwick, son of the said Elizabeth, shall be none of -the assigns," in case of 
the lease being disposed of. This Gerard, in an old pedigree, is called ancestor of the East Hedwin families; and, In 
another, described as of Matfen, in 8 Edw. IV. 1469, and sixth son of John Fenwick and Elizabeth Widdrington. 

9. MICHAEL ; 2d son, purchased 
ob. s. p. 1569. lands at Prndhoe, 

10. MARTIN. and from him de- 

scended the Fen- 


of.... Ogle, of son of Eliz. wife 
Bothal. of Perceval Lisle, 

in 1510. 

of Harbottle and Brink- 5. LANCELOT. 
burne, married a dau. of 6. ARTHUR. 
... Loraine, of Kirkharle. 7. CHARLES 
Geo. Fenwick, of Brink- 
burne, was one of the gentlemen of the Middle Marches wicks of that place 
in 1550 ; and, in 1552, occurs as a commissioner for 
inclosing lands in that district. fill. ti. 246. Leg. March. 330.; Another account describes him as of East Hedwin and 

Burro wden.=T= . 

i i i i n i 

IV. 1. MARTIN FENWICK.^ANNE, da. 2. TRISTRAM. 1. GREGORY FENWICK, of Brinkburne, by his will, dated DOROTHY, 

of East Hedwiu and Bur- 
rowden. Will proved 31 
July, 1595. (Rainet Test. 

of William 

Ogle, of 



wife of 

3. CHARLES. 25 Nov. 1615, orders his body to be burled In the church 
of Brinkburne, and leaves to his brother Win Fenwick, 
of London, j100, mentions other relations, and makes 
sir John Fenwick and sir Claudius Forster supervisors 
of the will. CRaine's Test. 441.) 
2. WILLIAM FENWICK, of London, to whom his brother Gregory left a legacy of 100. 
8. GEORGE FENWICK, of Brinkburne, wasexecutor-j-DoROTHY, daur. of John Forster, 
to his brother Gregory's will. j of Newham. 


T T 


WICK, of East Hed- of sir Edw. 
win, livingin 1615 Aspley, of 
and 1619; marri- 
ed Elizabeth, dau. 
of JohnHed worth, 
of Ilarraton. 

hurst, cou. 
Sussex, and 
widow of 
sir John 

2. ANNE, wife of 

George Bell, of| 


3. MARGERIA til. et ex'ix. 

4. EDITH Allenson altera n- 
Ha. These two daughters are 
mentioned in their father's 

5. ISABELLA, wife of Cuthbert 
Mitford, of Mitford. 

was 12 years eld. dau. of sir to whom his un- 

old in 1615; & Arthur Hazle- cle Gregory left 

the same year rigg, of Nose- a legacy of 100. 

had a legacy of ly Hall, co. of 8. GREGORY. 

100 by his ^Leicestershire. 4. HENRY. 

uncle Gregory's She was born 

will. This was at Brook-house, in London, in 

the Col. George 1635. She re-married Col. Philip 

Fenwick who Babington, and died at Harnham, 


WICK, M. D. 
Oct. 10, 1619, 
claimed 200 

from his fa- 
ther's will; in 
which year sir 
Claud. "Forster 
was assigned tu. 
tor of Claud, son 

was governor in this county, where she was of George Fen- 
of Berwick In buried in the garden, Sep. 9, 1670. wick, of By- 
1652 ; and was (See II. i. 346.) well. (Raine's 

principally in- Test. 175.); mar. 

M rum 'iital in building the church there, in which ried 12 Novem- 
there is a monument to bis memory, which states her, 1650. In 
that he died March 15, 1656. 1663, "Dr Fen- 

wick or Philip 
Babington," is 

assessed to county rate for Brinkburne. The inventory of his goods, dated in 1669, calls 
him Claudius Fenwick, of Newcastle, M. D., and mentions among his books, Speed's Chro- 
nicle, Bishop Andrews' Sermons, Scapula's Lexicon, Dugdale and Dodsworth's 2 vols., the 
Decameron, &c. Also one lease, granted by Catharine Fenwick, the now wife of Philip 
Babington, esq. to the deceased, his executors, of the manor of Brinkburne, under the yearly 
rent of 200, payable to the said Catharine during her life. " Item, two mappes of Brenk- 
burne." (Raines Test. 930.) He was 44 years old in 1666, and signed the pedigree of his 
family made out at the Visitation of Northumberland In that year. 

~~\ I I 

da. ofWm RET, wife 

Bewick, of ... Wei- 
eldest son don. 
of Robert 2. MARY, 
liewick,an wife of 

alderman Thos. Le- 
of Newcas- gard, an 
tie, and co- alderman 
heir of her of Newcas. 
bro. Robt. 3. ELIZAB. 

who died wife of ... 
in 1656. A Collet, 
forged will, 

pretending to be that of 
her late husband's, was 
exhibited at Durham in 
1670, and in certain 
proceedings respecting 
it, before the mayor of 
Newcastle, this Eleanor 
is described as " widow 
of Dr. Claudius Fen- 
wick, late of London." 
( Bywett papers. ) 



Issue of George Fen wick 
and Eliz. lied worth. 


Issue of George Fenwlck 
and Alice Aspley. 



Issue of Claudius Fenwlck 

and Eleanor Bewick. 
I - 

VI. 1. JOHN FENWICK, 3 years old 1. ELIZABETH FENWICK, eld. daur. 1. GEORGE FENWICK, of 1. ELIZABETH^.... WaKe, 
la 1615. II(l co-heir; wife of sir Thomas Brinkburne, was 14 2. ELEANOR=... Ramsay. 

2. RICHARH FENWICK, of Wylam in Hazlerigg, of Nosely Hall, bart. years old when the Vi- 

1619 & 1K32, as mentioned in :i deed. ( Visitation of Northumb. 1666. )=/K sitation for this county was made in 1666. Brink- 
3,4,5. MARTIN, JOHN, GEORGE. 2. DOROTHY FENWICK, daur. & co- burne, after the Dissolution, had successively be- 
6. ISABELL. heir; wife of sir Thomas William- longed to Dudley, duke of Northumb. ; Percy, earl 

son, knt. and bart., of East Mark- of Northumb. ; and Ambrose Dudley, earl of War- 
ham, Notts. She died Nov. 4, 1699, wick ; but that last nobleman and his co-feoffee, 
aged 55, and without issue (Id.) Richard Bowliind, sold It, May 26, 1571, to sir John 

Forster, knight, whose descendant, Edw. Forster, 

of Elford, 18 April, 1626, sold it to George Fenwick, of Grey's Inn, London, who died about the year 1688. Prior to 1626, 
the Fenwtcks held Brinkburne by lease, under the grantees of the crown. It was sold by William, great-grandson of this 
George Fenwick, to Joseph Hetherington, esq. in 1792, for 20,500. This George Fenwick had an only daughter and heir, 
ELIZABETH, married to ROGER FENWICK, of STANTON, as stated in p. 1 14, gen. X. 

2. WILLIAM FENWICK, clerk, A. M., rector of Thakeham, Suffolk, and West Carl-=f=CEciLY, daur. and co-heir of Gilbert Coles, 
ton and Hallaton, Leicestershire, died October 8, 1733, and was buried at Carlton D. D., fellow of Winchester College. She 
Curlieu, In the hundred of Gartre, Leicestershire, where there is a monument to died Jan. 5, 1741. Her father was Edward 
his memory, bearing a long inscription, and printed in Nichol's Leicestershire. Stanley, D. D.. master of Wykeham's 

He was 9 years old in 1666, and 77 when he died. | School, and prebendary e-f Winchester. 

I 1 | 

VII. 1. MARY, daur. of the RCV.=GEORGE FENWICK, clerk, B. D.=f=2. ALICE, daur. ELIZABETH, born=BENJAMiN BEWICK, 
Mr Nicoll, rector of Preston Capes, rector of Hallaton, Leicester- 

Northamptonshire ; married June shire, died April 10, 1760. He 

22, 1721 ; died Aug. 6, 1726, s. p. was author of " Helps to the 
3rd wife, ELIZABETH, dau. of the=.Sincere," in plain Meditations, 

Rev. Thos. Yate, rector of Ayston, London, 1737; Thoughts on 

Rutlandshire, and widow of the the Hebrew Titles of the Psalms, 

Rev. Thomas White, prebend of 1749 ; The Psalter in its Origi- 

Llncoln ; died Feb. 9, 1740, s. p. nal Form, or the Book of Psalms 

of John Hick- August 9, 1691 ; vicar of Barrow- 
man, of Tink- married April 10, upon-Stour, in Lei- 
wood Malpas, 1710; died Nov. cestershire: died 
Cheshire; mar- 27, 1769, s. p. Aug. 21, 1738, 8. p. 
ried January 2, 3. ELEANOR died 
1728 : died Jan. an infant. 
1, 1738. 

Reduced to Lines, with Arguments and Notes, 1759; besides several single Sermons and 

VTIT. 1. GEORGE FENWICK, A. B., 1. ELIZABETH HICKMAN, dau.-j-tS. JOHN FENWICK, clerk,-j-2. DOROTHEA, daur. of John 

born 13 Nov. 1728 ; died unmarried of Thomas Hickman, of Tink- 
May 20, 1750, at St John's College, wood Malpas, Cheshire ; mar- 


2,3,4,5. WILLIAM, WILLIAM, WIL- April, 1772. 
LIAM, & ELIZABETH, all died young. 

ried Nov. 14, 1758; died 26 

M. A , rector of Hallaton, 
born Sep. 16, 1734 ; died 
March 29, 1789. 

Ousely, of Hallaton ; born 
Sept. 27, 1752; married June 
25, 1781 ; died January 26, 

IX. 1. JOHN FENWICK, clerk, M. A., born June 10, 1760; died 1. GEORGE OUSELEY 

August 11, 1792, coelebs. 
2. GEORGE, died in infancy. 

8. ELIZABETH, born 24 Aug. 1763; died Aug. 16, 1798, s. p. 
4. WM FENWICK, clerk, A. B. ; born 24 Aug. 1765 ; died Sept. 

7, 1803, a. p. 5. ALICE, died in infancy. 

6. THOMAS HICKMAN FENWICK, born Dec. 3, 1769 ; died Feb. 

12, 1797, ccelebs. 

X. 1. GEORGE FENWICK, born April 3, 1816; died Feb. 14, 1823. 

daughter of Robert RCTHEA ALICE 
Walker, of Stoker- FENWICK. 
ston, Lelcestersh. ; 3. CHARLES FEN- 
mar, Oct. 15, 1813. WICK, clerk, M. A. 
vicar of Slawston, 

Leicestershire ; died unmarried Sept. 
28, 1825. 

2. GERARD CHARLES FENWICK, born Feb. 6, 1819. 

patron and vicar of 
Kempston, Bedford- 
shire; born May 7, 

LANG SHAW is a township of two farms, called Langshaw and Langshaw- 
mill. It is situated on the left bank of the Font, which is here finely covered 
with oak wood. Formerly, like the adjoining township of Longwitton, it 
answered to the courts of Stanton. Richard Thornton, and others, had a 
grant of free warren in it in 13 Henry VI. S In August, 1536, Marjory Fen- 
wick, as has heen shown, entailed it upon her second son Anthony Fenwick, 
who thus became the founder of the house of Fenwick, of Langshaw and 
Nunriding, in this county, and of Burrow-hall, in Lancashire. Mr Robert 
Fenwick resided here in 1663 ; and, at present, the whole estate belongs to 

8 III. ii. 396. 


his descendant, Thomas Fenwick, esq. of Keppel-street, London ; but, in the 
summer of 1828, nothing remained of the old family residence here, except- 
ing a gable end, the rest of the materials having been dispersed for different 
uses upon the estate, the soil of which is clayey, and the roads through it 
neglected and bad. 


JVo. 1. Carta Ricardi de Horseley facta Johi de 
Plessis de terris, T:c. in Schotton. Omnibus, 1c. Rics 
de Horsseley salute in dno . Cum Johnes de Plessis 
me p cartam suam feofamenti nup feoffaGat de toto illo 
tofto t crofto qd Gilfits fit Witti quod tenuit in villa de 
Schotton' 1 de toto illo tofto t crofto cu viginti quatu- 
or acr' ?re que Refits fit Rici Scot quod tenuit in eadem 
villa Et etiam de sexaginta acris Pre de dominicis suis 
in villa de Schotton' . Qua"? viginti quatuor acr' iacent 
in cultura que vocat' le Brakes Et q'ndecim acr' in 
cultura que vocat' le tounes heyud de Schotton' Et 
quindecim acr' in cultur' que vocat' le stanyknott Et 
sex acr' in cultur' que vocat' le milneside Et quatuor 
acr' p'ti que vocat' le Schippemedow cu suis ptin' Ha- 
bend t tenend michi 1 hedibus meis vt meis assig'tis 
Ac. inppetuu . put in carta dci Jotiis feoffamenti michi 
inde facta plenius eontinet' . Volo 1 concede p me 1 
hedibj meis ut meis assig'tis quod post p'mos duodecim 
annos pxos futures plenar' completes a die confeccois 
presentis sc'pti indentati omnes ftre 1 tenemla cu omni- 
bus suis ptinentiis gfato Johi de Plessis &c. plenar' re- 
Qtant' &c. Et qd carta dti Joftis feoffamenti michi de 
gdcis ?ris 1 tenementis fca adnichillat' &c. inppetuu 
Hiis testibus Dnis Johne de ffennewyk . Adam de Ben- 
ton' . t Rofito de ffaudon' militibus . Bartholomeo 
Benet . Rofito de Milneburn' . Henr' de Treywyk . 
Witto de Prestewyk . Johne de Wydesslad . Rico de 
Cramelington' . 1 aliis multis . Dat' apud Schotton' 
die Loune in septimana pentecost' a. d. 1322. 15 Ed. II. 

2. NovHnt universi p psentes me Robertum de Hors- 
ley recepisse de dna Maria que fuit uxor dni Witti de 
Swynborne militis triginta septem libras et sex solid 
et oct. den. sterlingoty in pt solucois majoris sume, &c. 
Dat apd Swynborne in crastino post festu sci Laurencij 
martyr' . anno r. r. Hen. IV. 5. (Swinb. Ch. vol. . p. 


3. Omnibus Wittmus filius Patricij comitis de Duh- 

bar saltm . Noverit universitas vfa me consensu et 
assensu Nicholai Corbeth filij mei et heredis dedisse 
Waltero filio meo pro homagio et servitio suo totam 
terram meam de Colwell Testibus dno P. com. de 
Dunbarr . nepoti meo . dno Rogero Mubray . dno Da- 
vid de Graham . dno Halano de Merchanis . dno Ro- 
berto de Nesbitt . dno Patricio filio Walter! . Johanne 
de Blackden . et aliis. Seal, a lion treading on a dra- 
gon (Harl. MS. 1448, fol. 2^.J 

4. Omnibus Noverit universitas vfa me Nicholaum 
Corbet militem dedisse dno Waltero de Corbet fri meo 
et heredibus suis totam dominium meum de Langton in 
Glendale Testibus dno Waltero de Huntercumbe . 
Witto Heyron . dno Roberto de Insula . dno Waltero 
de Cambelion (Cambehou) . dno Michaelo de Killum . 
dno David de Coupeland militibus. (Harl. MS. 1448, 
fol. 28.; 

5. Omnibus Nicholaus de Corbet salutem . Noverit 
universitas vfa me concessisse Symoni de Holthall et 
uxori sue toto tempore vite sue omnes conditiones que 
in carta quam dns Wittmus filius comitis pater ineus 
dco Symoni et uxori sue . scilic. de hospital! in Neuton 
in Glendale cu dimidia caracuta terre diet, hospital! 
pertinen' nolat concessit et confirmavit . tenend &c. 
In cujus rei testimonio huic scripto patent! sigitt meu 
fee! apponi . Hijs testibus domino Philippo le Brun . 
dno Roberto de Nesbit . Patricio Coibet persona de 
Kinhall . No date. The copy accompanied with a draw- 
ing of the seal, which is a knight on horseback with a 
lion rampant on his shield, and on the hip and neck of 
his horse's housing. (Id. fol. 2T.) 

6. Omnibj Domin' Nichola' Corbet salt in dno . 
NoQit vniuersitas ufa me dedisse Rofeto de Insula in 
liberu maritagiu cu Ada sorore mea . Octo bouatas re 
cu ptinenciis in Langton . Scit quinq, bouatas ftre cu 
duobj toflis que Galfrid' Demer qndam tenuit . t duas 
bouatas ftre jacentes ex aq'lonah' parte de Lodescruli 
usq. Hwetehalgh . a Toftebut incipiendo uersus oriente 
. t vna bouata ?re ex inferior! parte de Blakedeneside 




ex supiore parte uie . t tria tofta in predta villa de 
Liangeton . vnu videt qd Robertus Bracayn tenuit . 
aliud qd Ada Faber tenuit . 1 ?ciu qd Witts piper tenu- 
it . 1 quincj acras p'ti in Holestrother ex oriental 
parte de Lamiacre . Et duas acras ?re ppinquiores du- 
abj bouatas ?re de Lodescruc uersus oriente . Tenend 
t habend predco Rofcto 1 hedibj suis quos de predca 
Ada sorore mea habebit de me T: hedibj meis . adeo 
lifee, &c. Volo ecia T; concede vt predict' Rob t here- 
des sui 1 holes eo~v liberi sint a multura ad molendinu 
meu de Langeton de toto blado suo qd creuerit sup 
predra Pra 1 sint Rum/re propinqui' q molant post me 
ipm 1 post bladu inuentu in trimodio . Ego uero, &c. 
warantizabim' &c. Et in hui' rei &c. Hiis testibj 
Dno Hug de Bolebec . Johe de Hawilton . Rot de 
Cambog . Johe de Eslington . Witto de Caluley . Ra- 
iiulpho Brune . Thorn de Akild . Thorn de Middeton . 
Samsone de Couplande . Witto de Turbeville . Thorn 
de Wethwode ""t alijs. Seal, a knight on horseback 
brandishing a sword, a lion rampant on his shield and on 
the neck and hip of the housing of his horse ; but the 
sharpness of the impression is much worn off. Inscrip- 
tion remaining" OLAI : CORBE . ."(Stan- 

ton deeds.) 

7. Omnibus Walterus Corbet saltm in dno Noveri- 
tis me remississe Witto Strother et Johanne uxori ejus 
suis heredibus vel assignatis suis totum jus quod habeo 
in omnib3 terr et tentis redditibus etc que iidem Witt- 
mus et Johanna habent ex dimisione mea ad vitam 
ipsoT? W. & J. in villis de Langton et Newton in com. 
North, xi. Ed. 2. 1316. ( Harl. MS. 1448, fol. 28. J 

8. Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Walterus Cor- 
beth miles filius dni Wittmi filij comitis de Dunbarr 
concessi Johni filio dni Johis de Hawelton p homagio 
suo imam marcam annuatim in mea parte molendini de 
Colewell . Test, dno Hugone de Bolebeck . Roberto de 
Insula . Johne de Hawelton . Roberto de Camhow . 
Tho. de Fenwick . Wittmo de Colewlya . Tho. de Og- 
gelmililibus. fZ,an/. MS. 326, fol. 155, b.J 

9. Omib3 Rogus de Merlay T'tius saltm in dno . 
Sciatis me concessisse Wal?o de Corbet 1 Johanne 
vxori sue 1 hedibj ipius Johe 1 hoibj COT? de Stanton 
comuna past'e ad oimoda aueria sua 1 pecora in ?ra mea 
ext' sepes i aquilon pte de Funt cu homibj de Wytton . 
de Wyndegates T; de Horseley . Saluo tamen m 1 he- 
dib5 meis ad faciendu de vasto nro offie comodu qd face 
pofim' scdm puisione de Merton . Concessi etia p me t 
hedibj meis qd idem Wal?s t Johanna vxor sua 1 hedes 

Johe 1 homies eot} de Stanton heant comuna past'e in- 
fra sepe in campo de Wytton vsq, ad Stanbrigg in aq'lon 
pte de Funt . sine dampno bladi 1 pti . Ita qd ego f t 
hedes mei 1 homies mei de Wytton 1 de Sceles hamus 
comuna past'e in campo de Stanton in pte aquilon de 
Funt . vsq ad villa de Stanton sine dapno bladi 1 prati 
. 1 sine cont'dcbne ut ipedimto dco?/ Walft 1 Johe f t 
hedum dte Johe . Concede isup p me 1 hedibj meis 
dels . Walfo 1 Johi vxori sue . T; hedibj ipius Johe 1 
hoibj COT? de Stanton qd habeant rationibilia estofta sua 
i bosco meo ex pte boreali de Funt ad edificandu . ar- 
dendu T. ad claust'am sine vasto p visu forestaiioi? nfoi; 
. Cocedo ecia p me t hedibj meis qd dti Wal?s t Johana 
t hedes ipius Johe t homies eott de Stanton q'eti sint 
de panagio porcoi? SUOT? de Stanton . volo ecia 1 concede 
p me 1 hedibj meis qd holes de Stanton colligat nuces 
cu homibj de Wytton 1 de Horseley ubic^ vbi de jure 
collige soliti fuerut . Et ut h &c . Hiis testibj . Domp. 
no Ada Abfee de nouo Monasfto . Dompno Johe Priore 
de Hextild . Hugon de Bolebec . Johe de Haulton . 
Rotto de Camhov . Witto de Calut . Ad Barat . Johe 
de Plesset . Rogo de Maudut . Thoma de Oggel . 
Hen? Gateg . Ric de Belsov . Johe fre ejus . Witto 
de Collewett . t aliis. (Stanton papers.) 

10. Ceste endent'e fait entre monf Phillip de Somer- 
uitt chivaler seyn' de Witton Vndrewod dunept . et 
Thomas fitz 1 heir Roger de Horsley chiualer dautrept 
Tesmoigne que le dit monf Philip ad g'unte t lesse al 
dit Thorn's le Manoir de Stanton . oue les apur- 
tenances presde Horsley, &c . lesqueux deuyndrent en 
les meynes le dit Monf Philip en noun de garde p' la 
noun age Johan fiz 1 heir Thomas Corbet . a auoir r t 
tener al dit Thorn's a ses assignes t a ses executores de 
la feste de la Purification nfe dame 1'an du reigne Ed- 
ward Roi Dengle?re tierce apres le conquest vynt ou- 
tisme tanqe a fyn de noef anns pscheyns, &c. q le dit Jo- 
han soil de pleyn agee rendante dan en ann al dit monf 
Philip, &c. dij liueres dargente, &c. Et le dit monf 
Philip de sa fraunche volunte ad done al dit Thomas le 
mariage del dit Johan al oeps vne de ses files . En tes- 
moigne de quele chose &c. Tesmoignes . Robert Ogle 
Johan de Walynton . Ric. de Hoisley 1 altres . Done 
a Wytton Undrewod le jour c t Ian avaunt nomez. 

11. Omnib3 &c. Johes Corbet cms de Stanton saltm 
Nofiitis me dedisse Rogo filio meo t Isabelle vxi 
sue ?ciam ptem mafiij mei de Stanton 1 fciam ptem om- 
niu ftrai? dnicai? meaT? t ?ciam ptem molendini 1 totius 



ville de Stanton Habend gfatis Rogo 1 Isabelle c t 
heredibj legitime procreatis Et si contingat gdcos 
decede sine hered tola gdca fcia pars integre remane- 
bunt michi gdco Johi Corbet 1 rectis heredib 3 meis 
imppm, &c. Hiis testibj . Ranulpho de Euyr tune, 
vie. Northumbr. . lohe de Felton . Robto de Ogle mi- 
litibj . Witto de C'mlyngton . Johi de Prestwyk . 
Witto de Wyndgates t multis aliis . Dat. apud Stanton 
in festo Natiuitatis sci Johis Bapte anno regni Regis 
llicardi scdi post conquest. Anglic quarto decimo. 
f Stanton papers.J 

12. Cest endent'e fait pentre Thorn's Griffith f de 
Wytton de vne pt 1 John Corbet de Stanton iuxt 
Wytton dautre pt tesmoigne q come le dit John nad- 
gairs dona 1 enfeoffa Roge son fitz 1 heir t Isabett sa 
feme 1 le heirs de 1' corps lealment engendres de la 
tierce ptie del manoir de Stanton a tenir f de chief del 
fee p les uices ent duhes & accustomes le quell manoir 
est tent3 de dit Thorn's come de son manoir de Wytton 
p Suice de chr le quelles Roge t Isabett sont a dieux 
comaunde3 Robert fitz c t heir au ditz Roge 't Isabell 
adonqes deynz age esteaut p quelle cause le dit Thomas 
fist seiser le dit Robert ouesq, la tierce ptie de manoir 
au'ndit oue le app'tenaunce3 come son gard nieutemayns 
les pties au'nditz sont accorde3 en mafl qensuist cest as- 
sauoir q le dit Thomas ad g'unte au dit John 863 
execute's 1 assiges le mariage de dit Robert oues<^ la 
gard de la tierce ptie da manoir de Stanton auandit a 
auoir 1 tenir tanq, a pleyn age de dit Robert 1 issint 
de heir en heir tanq, une des heirs le dit Roge vigne a 
15 pleyn age Rendant eut p an a dit Thomas t 863 heirs 
vne floure de rose ruge al fest del natiuitie Seynt John 
Baptistre, &c. . Done a Whichenonre le venderdy pro- 
chein a la fest de la natiuitie Seynt John Baptistre Ian 
du regne le roy Henry quart puys le conquest denglePa 
Scde (Id.) 

13. Omib3 xpi fidelib3 hanc cartam visuris ut audit'is. 
Rogerus de Merlay ftius sattm in dno Sciatis me dedisse 
cocessisse 1 hac mea Jsenti carta cofirmasse Ade de 
Plesseto p homagio 1 uicio suo q'nej bouatas terre cu 
ptinentijs suis 1 tres toftas 1 vnu cotagiu in villa de 
Horsley 1 in Sceles . scil illas duas bouatas ?re cu tofto 
1 crofto cu ptinentijs q's Ran de Espeley t Oso'tus te- 
nuerut in Toddeburn 1 in Horset . 1 illam bouata ftre 
cu tofto 1 crofto cu ptinentijs . q'm Rogs de Thrastere- 
ton tenuit in Horset . 1 illas duas bouat rre eu tofto 1 
crofto cu ptin . q's Rots fit Matild tenuit in Sceles . 1 

ill cotagiu cu ptiii . qd Martinus Medicus tenuit in 
Horsel . 1 ad pMtoT? increments . dedi t cocessi eid 
Ade q'ndam landam de vasto meo iuxta cult'm suam de 
Toddeburn que vocatur Swynley sicut includit' fossato 
ad colendu 1 oimodu comodu suu aliud faciend . Habend 
t tenend de me t hedibj meis ^dto Ade t hedib3 suis 
de corpe suo legitime pcreatis lite quiete solute 't in- 
tegre cu lito int'itu T; exitu cu communa pasture t 
litacbne ad edificand . ardend T; sepein faciend p visum 
forestarioT? meoi? t hedu meoi? t cu omib3 aliis aysiamtia 
ad gdtam villam de Horset ptinentibs . Reddendo inde 
annuatim fii t hedib3 meis tantu vnam lib'm cymini ul 
duas denar ad festu sci Cuthberti in Septemfer p oini 
Suicio cosuetudie auxilio t demanda que ab aliq ut ab 
aliquib3 exigi poriint . Si aut cotingat gdtm Adam sn 
hede de corpe suo legitime pcreato i fata decedere . 
Volo qd tola rra gnoiala cu toftis 1 vasto cu ptinentijs 
ad me 1 hedes meos sine alicui' cot'dcbne ul impediinto 
lite reQtat' . Cocedo etia p me et hedib3 meis eid Ade 
t hedib3 suis de se legitime exeuntib3 qd capiant mar- 
lam ad fram sua de Toddeburn 1 Swyneley marland 
vbi inf* solu meu vidint eis magis expedire . Et 
ego Rogs de Merlay t hedes mei gdto Ade t hedib3 
suis de corpe suo legitime pcreatis . tola fram Jdtam cu 
totis vasto t mark cu ptinentijs cont' omes gentes im- 
ppetuu Warantizabim' . In cui' rei testimon pti hui' 
carte in modu cyrog'phi cofecte penes dtm Ada resident! 
sigillu meu apposui . t alft pti q'm penes me 1 hedes 
meos reseruaui . dts Adam signu suu impressit . Hijs 
testib3 . dno Ada tuc afete de nouo monasfto . Johe fit 
Symon . Ad Barat . Johe de Plesset . Ric de Saltwyk 
. Rogo de Horset . Bartholom de Wyadgat . Rotto de 
Caffia . Rofeto Mauclerke . And? Coco . Wal?o de 
Wytton . 1 alijs. (Stanton deeds. See Wallis, ii.p. 349.) 

14. Omib3 Johes de Prestwyke fit t heres Johis de 
Prestwyke de Horsley defunct saltm in dno noultis me 
remisisse Rogo de Thornton heredibj t assignatis suis 
totum jus, &c. in omib3 illis Pris, &c. in Stanton Sheles 
iuxta Wytton sup aquam que Cristiana Gray quond'm 
vx gdci Johis de Prestwyke patris mei tenuit ad ftn 
vite sue &c. In euius &c. Hijs testib3 Johe Wod- 
dryngton . Johe Midelton militibj . Symone Weltden 
. Nicho Turpyn . Johe Corbett . T; aliis . Dat. apud 
Stanton Sheles in festo inuencbis see Crucis a. r. r. 
Henrici 5& p. c. A. tercio. Seal, a gryphon rampant. 

15, a. Extract of a If from lord Dacre to Cardinal 



Wolsey, Morpeth, Ap. 1, 1524 " Please it also your 
grace where as sir Rauf Fenwick keper of Tyndall hath 
it by thauthoritie of the kings ires patent- . So it is 
now I am enformed that sir Nicholas Rydley has gotten 
of the king certain lands that belongs to the said office 
of Tyndall callad Plenmeller, and other lands, and so the 
said Rauf Fenwick has come in to me as the king's 
warden and made me plain answer that (seeing the said 
Plenmellcr is the most principall thing and pfitte that 
belongeth to the said office of Tyndale) he woll ne9 
occupie it w e out that he have it that he has alwey hid- 
derto had, and so there is noo remedie but aitft the said 
Nicolas Ridley must be charged with the keeping of 
Tyndall, or els he must be discharged of the pufitte 
that belongs to it, whereof the said sir Rauf Fen wyk 
has the kings Ires patent wherof he shewed me a copy" 

15, b. Extract from a tr to the earl of Surrey from 
Id Dacre . Morpeth 1 April 1524. " Also my lord sr 
Rauf Fenwyk has bene here and shewed me that sir 
Nicolas Ridley has gettin certen lands of the king that 
belongs to the office of Tyndall which is most pt of the 
pufit that doth apptaigne to the said office wherfor he 
has made plain answere unto me that he woll ne$ occu- 
pie the said office of Tyndall if other men have the pufit 
that belongeth to it wherof I have ad^tised my said lord 
Cardcnalles grace at lienth . Wherfore I besech yo r L. 
that ye woll be good lord to the said sr Rauf and help 
to speke for hym so that either he may have all such 
pufitts as belong to his said office, wherof he has the 
kings Ires patent, or else that he may be discharged of 
the said office, and they to occupie it that shal have the 
pufit &c." (Copied from Ld. nacre's Ledger Book, for 
1523, at Miss Currer's, Eshton Hall, Craven, by W. C. 
Trevelyan, esq.) 

16. To all trewe creystene people Mariory Fenwyk 
of Stanton, wedowe late wife vnto sr Rauffe Fenwik 
knyht decessed, knowe you that I haithe made an estate 
in ffee vnto Thomas Fenwik of Letilharle . John Dent 
of By ker . and Alexander Heron ofMeldon gentilmen 
of all my lands, &c. in my mar? of Stanton & in the 
townes and felds of Stanton, Abshellis, Lymekilnefeld, 
Langschawis-est, JLangschawis-west, Cresswell, New- 
bigging, and in the towne of Newcastle upon Tyne to 
thentente to pforme this my last will as more at lengthe 
it doth appere in a dede made 7 Aug. 27 Hen. 8 . Knoue 
you that 1 the said Mariory Fenwik makes this my pre- 
sent last will indented in forme following . That is to 

wete . I will that the forsaid Thomas Fenwick and hi* 
coofeoffees shall stand seased of all myn said man r and 
app r ten a nf in Stanton, Abschellf, Lymekilnefeld, lang- 
shawis est & west, Cresswell, Newbigging, & Newcastle 
vnto the use of me for 9me of my lyffe . And after my 
decesse my said feoffes stond seazed in Stanton Abschel- 
lis & Lymekylnefeld vnto the use of John Fenwik my 
son & his heires masle Item, to Anthony Fenwick my 
son rem. to Weyred Fenwik my youngest son Rem. 
to my right heirs . My son Wygerd to have Abschellis 
for his liffe . ALSO I will that after my decesse the 
above named coofeoffes stand seazed in Est Langschawis 
& Westlangschawis vnto the use of Anthony Fenwik 
his heirs male Rem. to my son John rem. to my son 
Wegered . ALSO that my said feoffes after my decesse 
stand seased in all my lands in Cressewell, Newbigging, 
and Newcastle, to the use of Wilgefrid Musgrave my 
daughter for the term of her life rem. to Cuthfct Mus- 
grave son & heir vnto Thomas Musgrave M'schall of 
Berwik & his heirs masle rem. to my right heirs. 
( Abstracted from the Stanton papers.) 

17. Letter from Mr John Selby to Mr Walsingham. 
15 July, 1575. Sir John Forster, Sir Francis Rus- 
sell, Cutht. Collingwood, James Ogle, and Mr Fen- 
wick, of Stanton, with divers other gentlemen, are car- 
ried to Dalkeith, unto the Regent, whereas they do 
remain, and are kept as prisoners. And all the rest of 
the gentlemen, countrymen, and servants, and others, 
for the most part are in like case retained, and kept by 
their takers as prisoners. And also, the very same day, 
immediately after the quarrel, the Scots run a forray 
upon the water of Rede, in the middle marches of 
England, and took away to the number of CCC cattle, 
the which they do still retain. Also sithence within 
these east marches, I have taken such order, that there 
has been no attempt committed upon either part. Not- 
withstanding that the best of these borderers be well 
willing and contented to seek revenge in respect of 
their dear friends, howbeit they are and be obedient to 
observe the peace until such time as the Queen's ma ae * 
pleasure be further known herein. (Ex. Oria. in Cot. 
MS. Cal. C. V. fol. 31, b.) 

18. PRESENTMENT at the visitation in June, 1680. 
Mr Hen. Thornton, Mr Wm Johnson ats Veich, Ralph 
Carnaby, Thomas Radcliffe, Thomas Browne, and John 
Browne, for quite absenting themselves from their pa- 
rish church. (MS. penes I. Bell, p. 244. J 


19. The TOWNSHIPS assessed to the expences of the 
knights of the shire for Northumberland at the parlia- 
ment at Westminster, 5 Ric. II. 138J, were " Stanton, 
2s. Wyndgates and Gererdley, 2s. Horsley and Tod- 
burn 3s." Splitting Horsley into three townships, and 
making Langshaws and Witton Shields parochial dis- 
tricts distinct from Stanton for the maintenance of the 
poor, are modern innovations arising, perhaps, as in 
many other instances, out of abuse of the statute of 13 
and 14 Car. II. which allowed the several constableries 
of a parish to maintain their poor separately, where 
four overseers of the poor were not sufficient to manage 
the poor affairs of the whole of the townships conjointly. 

20. The late Mr Johnson, while he was chaplain, at 
Netherwitton, and before he became vicar of the two 
churches of By well, resided in STANTON HALL. No 
gentleman has resided in it since he left it. 

21. INSTANCES OF LONGEVITY. 15 June, died at 
Stanton, near Morpeth, one Elizabeth Elsdon, aged 
106 : she retained her faculties to the last. Her hus- 
band died in January last, aged 104. In the same 
place, there is now living, one Elizabeth Wheeler, 
aged 104, in such health and vigour, as to be able to 
walk twenty miles a day. (Newcastle Cour. 23 June, 

BOTHAL PARISH includes the parochial chapelry of Hebburn, and the 
antient parish of Sheepwash, which, since the period of the Restoration, has 
been annexed to Bothal, and with it, contains the six several townships of 
Bothal Demesne, Ashington, Pegsworth, Longhirst, Old Moor, and Sheep- 
wash, all in the east division of Castle ward, and containing together, in 
1821, 137 families, and 658 persons ; of which families 25 were handicraft 
or trades-people, 92 employed in agriculture, and 20 not included within 
these two description of persons. The chapelry of Hebburn is wholly in the 
west division of Morpeth ward, and contains 7 townships, viz. : Hebburn, 
Cawsey Park, Fenrother, Tritlington, Earsdon, Earsdon Forest, and Cockle 
Park, which townships collectively contained 564 persons, comprised in 112 
families, of which 28 were handicraft and trades-people, 76 agriculturists, 
and 8 of other descriptions. The soil of nearly the whole parish is clayey, 
and much employed in agriculture, especially in the growth of wheat, for 
which it is well suited. About Earsdon and Earsdon Forest it is high and 
cold, and oats are the chief produce. The general aspect of the district is bare, 
its features flat and tame ; but, along the banks of the Wansbeck, the scenery 
is rich and various, consisting of high banks clothed with woods, and here and 
there inclosing haughs of uncommon fertility, or of rocks grey with lichens, 
or crowned with gigantic forest trees. Akenside sang of the Wansbeck ; but 
poet or painter has never yet done justice to the ever-varying charms of the 
course of this lovely stream from her fountains in the wild moors about the 
Waney Crags, till in the lone and sequestered woods of Bothal and Sheep- 
wash, she begins to put on her beautiful and bridal robes before she weds 
with the ocean. 



BARONY OF BOTHAL. An account of the " Antiquities of the family of 
Ogle, presented to Henry now duke of Newcastle, by Robert Fenwick, of 
Bedlington, i'th* year 1664," says that Reynold Gisulph lord of Bothal, at the 
time of the Conquest, had a son Symond Gisulph, whose only daughter and 
heir Menbell married sir Robert, younger brother of sir Roger Bertram, who 
married the heiress of Mitford, and founded the monastery of Brinkburne, 
where he lies buried under a marble tomb, with this inscription f^tc JftCCt 
iUigcrbS fbttDatOiV This account also states that the father of the hus- 
bands of these two heiresses was William, and their grandfather Richard. 
But it is quite clear from the Brinkburne cartulary that William Bertram, 
the father of Roger Bertram the First, was the founder of that house ; and I 
have the evidence of an antient charter," still preserved in the archives of the 
dean and chapter of Durham, not only that he was the father of Roger Ber- 
tram, lord of Mitford, but that he was the son of Guy de Balliol, who came 
into England with William Rufus, and was rewarded with great possessions 
at Barnard-castle, and other places, in the county of Durham, and with the 
barony of Bywell, in this county, which extended over the parishes of By well 
St Peter and Woodhorn, and a large portion of the parish of Stamfordham ; 
besides comprising the townships of Gunnerton arid Swinburne, and other 
scattered possessions. To this direct testimony to the families of Bertram 
being descended from the Balliols, I have also thrown some sprinklings of 
circumstantial evidence of the fact into the pedigree of the barons of Bothal, 
and the account of their arms. The tale about Richard Bertram obtaining 
Mitford by the marriage of its heiress, must therefore be received as apocry- 
phal. There is no antient evidence to support the assumption. Parts of it 
are certainly inaccurate, and the whole of it contradictory and confused. The 
first ray of authentic history which falls on Bothal is in the year 1166, when 
Richard Bertram, by his charter, preserved in the Liber Niger/ certified to 
Henry the Second, that he held under him three knight's fees by the old 
feoffment, that is, such as were created and given to his predecessor in this 
property by Henry the First, and that he had no knights enfeoffed under 
him. The next account of it is in the aid for marrying Maud, the sister of 
Henry the Third, to the Roman emperor, where it is described as consisting 

* At p. 39, gen. ii. line 2, for he lies, read Roger is said to lie ; and, line 3, for he, read William. 
u Evidences to Bertram Pedigree, No. 5. v Page 336. 


of three knight's fees, of which Peter de Crickelston and Eve his wife held 
under Roger Bertram one knight's fee, Falco Baynard a sixteenth, and 
Richard the son of Thurstan a twentieth part of a knight's fee of the new 
feoffment. w The Testa de Neville, compiled in 1219, also says that Robert 
Bertram held the barony of Bothal by the service of three knight's fees of 
the old feoffment, as all his ancestors had done ; and that nothing had been 
alienated from it by marriage or free alms, or in any other way, to the injury 
of the king's rights ; but that he was then dead, and that his lands and his 
heir Richard were then in the king's custody. x The most extended account 
of it, however, is in the aid for knighting Edward the First in 1240, which 
states that Roger Bertram held in capite of the king, Bothal, with its mem- 
bers, namely, Weteworth and New moor, also Peggsworth, Hebburn, Fen- 
ruther, Tritlington, Earsdon, and Longhirst, with its members, New Moor 
and Essingden, all of which he held by three fees of the old feoffment, and of 
him that Peter de Crikelston and Eve his wife held Tritlington and Earsdon 
by one knight's fee of the old feoffment ; Falco de Baynhard two carucates 
of land on New Pendmoor by one-sixteenth, and Richard the son of Thurstan 
half a carucate in the same moor by one-twentieth part of a knight's fee of 
the new feoffment. The soccage tenants in Weteworth at the same time were 
Juliana, the widow of Walter, who held twenty-four acres by one pound of 
pepper ; John Marays 24* acres by 3s. ; Richard, son of Robert, 23 acres, 
by 5s. ; Robert, son of Ralph, half a carucate by 7s. and a pound of cumin ; 
Hugh Forester 22 acres, and Adam Marshall 40 acres, by one pound of pep- 
per each ; Alexander de la Moor half a carucate by 6d. ; Hugh Baker 12 
acres by 12d. ; Richard, son of John, and Robert Cook and William Taylor, 
each 24 acres, by 2s. each ; Elias, the son of Walter, 40 acres, by one ound 
of pepper ; Edward Page 40 acres by 3s. ; Hugh de Herle half a carucate by 
a pound of pepper, and William, the son of Hervi, 24 acres, by 2s. In Pegges- 
worth, Robert Pinzun held 12 acres by the payment of two geese on the 
day of St Michael. In Longhirst, Robert Fitz-Roger had 18 acres for 3s., 
and Ralph Marshall half an acre by one penny ; William Mangebacon half a 
carucate in Hebburn by 2s. ; Robert of Fenrother held Fenrother by one 
mark ; and Hugh of Morwick held Ashington, and a moiety of Longhirst, by 

w III. i. 226. x Id. 234. 


foreign service/ which was probably paid to the king. 2 Robert Bertram, at the 
assizes in Newcastle, in 1294, established his antient right to take felons, and 
hang them within his manor here, as well as to have assize of bread and ale 
within it ; and, at the same time, produced a charter of Henry III,, conferring 
upon his father Roger the privilege of free warren in all his demesne lands in 
Bothal and Hebburn. a This barony paid for castle-ward 2, and for cornage 
8s. 4d. to the castle of Newcastle, 5 which services I think it is probable were 
imposed when the vetus feoffamentum of it was made to the predecessors of 
Richard Bertram, for whom and his heirs it was probably carved off the 
barony of Bywell by his grandfather Guy de Balliol, and by him surrendered 
to be held in capite et per baroniam of the crown. 


ARMS. Of " Robert de Bertram, de or a tin escucboun percee de azur." (Antiq. Rep. iii. 86. Palg. Par. Writs, i. 419, Sgc.) 
In addition to the positive testimony of a charter, we have here circumstantial evidence that the family of Bertram was 
descended from that of Balliol. Branches of great families, who became ennobled, bore the arms of their common progenitor, 
distinguished in antient times only by colour or a bordure, or more modernly by the ordinary differences. The bearing of the 
Bertrams, barons of Mitford, was within a bordure of cross croslets, an orle. (See Surteeis Dur. Seals, plate 1.) I will not 
multiply authorities to show that the arms of Balliol was an escutcheon or orle. Nesbit says, " Sir James Balfour, in his 
Blazons, gives us the coat of John Balliol, pretended king of Scotland, which he blazons or, an escutcheon gules, avoided of 
the field, which is the same with the orle ;" and " Mr Gibbon, in his Introductio ad Latinam Blazoniam, gives us the arms 
of John Balliol of other tinctures, being one of the magnates of Henry III. gules an orle argent, which he says yet stands in 
the body of Westminster Abbey church, on the north side, and which are also the arms of Balliol's College, he being the 
founder thereof." The same author also further remarks that " Guy de Balliol came over to England with the Conqueror's 
son, William llufus, and was possessed of the barony of Bywell, in Northumberland, for which lands his son did homage to 
king David I. of Scotland." 

[In the Evidences to this pedigree, Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, I have given the pedigree of the Bertram family, extracts from 
two old deeds, and some illustrations of the date of the first of these documents, all extracted from the " Antiquities of the 
Ogle Family," already alluded to. Dodsworth's abstract of the deed is, however, there substituted, instead of Mr Fenwick's, 
on account of its being fuller, and having more of the witnesses to it given than his. That Mr Fenwick did not suspect the 
genuineness of the pedigree is plain, from the pains he has taken to find out, as nearly as he could, the time when the deed 
was dated ; but a very slight examination of the subject will be sufficient to show that it has been put together by random 
and by conjecture. The story of the Gisulphs may indeed be true : I have seen it nowhere else. The Harleian MS. No. 2188, 
contains descents of Ogle from Bertram, as well as from William Bertram, baron of Mitford, but of these I have no copy; 
but No. 294 of the same collection, which is intituled " Apparatus Genealogicus Anglicus," contains the descents from Wm 
Bertram, lord of Mitford, and Hawise his wife, for four generations, taken from the Brinkburne Register about the year 
1597, by Robert Treswelle, Somerset Herald, which descents agree with the statement printed above at p. 39. Of the Bothal 
line, Dugdale's account, which begins with Richard, who lived in the time of Henry the Second, is the best ; and all the 
principal facts contained in it are interwoven with the following account, without noticing the source from which they are 
derived. The other parts have their authorities referred to.] 

III. i. 216. z See Jacob under foreign service. * III. i. 171. 

b Brand's Newc. i. 170. 



I. -GUY DE BALLIOL, grandfather of Roger Bertram, who gave the church of Stainton to the church of St Mary, at York. 

(Evict. No. 5, and Hutch. Pur. 04. 204.) 

lord of Bernard-castle, 
Bywell, &e. = F 

WILLIAM BERTRAM, i. e. William the Fair, was son of Guy de Balliol, and= 
father of Roger Bertram, who gave the church of Stainton to the i 
at York. (Evid. No. 5.) This is the William who founded ~ 


Balliol, and-r- 
o the church I 
Brinkburne I 

HAwisE, or Alice, daur. 
of Wm Merlay, baron 
of Morpeth. 

III. 1. ROGER BERTRAM, baron of Mitford, confirmed the grant of his~r 2. GUY. 

lather Wm Bertram, and his grandfather Guy de Balliol, of the church 
of Stainton co. Durh. to the church of St Mary, York (Evid. No. 5) ; and 
with his father Wm, and his mother Hawise, and his brothers Guy, Wm, 
and Richard, founded the priory of Brinkburne. (Brink. Cart. ful. I.) 
I also find Wm, Guy, Ric. & Robt. Bertram, witnesses to a deed, by which 
Bernard-of-the-Sands (de Arenis) gave half of the lordship of Whittonstall 
to Milo, his man, to be holden by the payment of 2s. a year ; and in lieu 
of two carucates of land which was to be holden by the same service, and 
as Bertram, the son of Osbert, then held it. There is no date to this 
transaction ; but, as Whittonstall was a lordship in Bernard de Balliol's 
barony of Bywell, it is probable that it was done In Balliol's court there, 
and that the four Bertrams were present at the transaction, as relations, 
and persons holding property under him. \Evid. No. 6.) 

S.WILLIAM. II. 1166, certified that he held 

three knight's fees of the king. 
He also gave to the monks of Tinmouth two- 
thirds of the tithes of Bothal, and confirmed them 
two sheaves of corn, which they had out of his 
demesne lands of Bothal by the gift of his ances- 
tors (Man. Ang. p. 836) ; and, in 8 Ric. I. 1 196-7, 
he paid 10 marks to the crown for leave to marry 
his daur. to whom he should think fit. Witness to! 
a deed from Walter Fitz- William, baron of Whal- 

ton, to Bertram Widdrington (Lansd. MS. 326, 

Jol. 158. See under Widdrington. J He was living in 

the time of Richard the First. (Lib. Rub.) 


of Mitford, and lord of Greatham, 
for which last place he was rated at 
82s. in 8 Rich. I. 1196 (Dug. Bar. i. 
543) ; died about the year 1 199. 

: ALICE, daur. AGNES BERTRAM. =T=THOMAS, son of ROBERT BERTRAM, baron of Bo-=r= 

of Robt. Um- (See HI. it. 
freville, ba- 
ron of Prudhoe, and lord of 
Redesdale, &c. &c. 

sir Wm Emme- thai, in trinity term, 1200, had a 
lay, had, in free suit at law with William de Vescy 
marriage with fill. ti. 338) ; and, in 1201, paid 
his wife, the .6 for two scutages of the prece- 
ville of Stainton, ding reign ; but died in 1203. This 

in the county of probably was the sir Robert Ber- 

" Durham (Sar*. tram who gave to the monks of 

Dttr. Hi. 399) ; and in 1283, covenanted to pay to John de Balliol, as superior lord Newminster the land which in his 
of the fee, one penny rent, and do fealty and suit of court once in three weeks at time was called Forum, with Its 
Balliol's court at Gainford. (Id. p. 61.) appurtenances ; which grant was 

confirmed by his son Richard, and 

by Robert Bertram. (Dug. Man. it. 916.) In king John's time he had a suit with his cousin Hugh de Balliol respecting 
two carucates of land in Pentmore. (HI. U. 242.) In 18 John, 1216, the king granted to the earl of Albemarle 100 soli- 
dates of land in Polhampton, coun. Southampton, and which had belonged to the late Robert Bertram. (III. H. 367.) 

certain other northern noble- 
men," died, according to Matt. 
Paris, in 1242 (P. 584.) 

Stainton to Richard de la Hay, 
burgess of Newcastle (Hurt. 
Hi. 399.) 

RICHARD BERTRAM, baron of Botbal, was a minor a.t = f : 
the time of his father's death, when both he and hisl 
lands, for the sum of 6,000, were committed to the 
custody of Robert Tebeville. (III. it. 857.) Richard 
Bertram and Roger Bertram (probably of Mitford) werer 

both witnesses to a deed respecting the borough of Corbridge when Brian Fitz- Alan was sheriff of Northumberland from 

1228 to 1234. (L. 41,51.) 


ROBERT BERTRAM, of Bothal, : 
occurs as witness to a deed 
when J. de Kirkby was sheriff 
of this county between 1286 
and 1242 (Surinb. Edl. Deeds, p. 
5) ; and to another, during the 
sheriffalty of William Heron, 
which continued from 1246 to 
1256. (Dodsworth, from Nevim. 
Cart./. 40.) He died 49 Hen. 
the Third, 1265, seized of lands 
In Bothal, Wetoworth, Heb- 
inirii. Langhirst, Hengandeles, 
and Peggsworth, in the barony 
of Bothal (HI. i. 44) 

VI. ROGER BERTRAM III. was taken prisoner at the siege of Northampton, Ap. 8, 1263;= 
and, in a list of the knights at the battle of Lewes, in 1264, is styled " Roger Bertram a 
Gretham," which manor he probably sold to Peter de Montfort, as he had done Ottercops, 
in this county, to Simon de Montfort ; and Ponteland, & other places, to Wm de Valence, 
to assist the Montforts in carrying on their Rebellion against Henry the Third, or to un- 
load himself of the heavy burdens laid upon him for fighting against the king. For, after 
the battle of Evesham, Aug. 5, 1264, the king granted Greatham as an escheat of Peter de 
Montfort, for rebellion, to Thomas Clare ; but the bishop of Durham laying claim to all 
forfeitures for treason within his palatinate, the grant to Clare was revoked, and the 
manor confirmed, both by the king and Peter de Montfort, to the bishop, who founded 
with the forfeited possessions the hospital which still continues there. Greystanes, how- 
ever, as quoted by Mr Surtees, says, " that the bishop bought Greatham of one surnamed 
Bertram ;" though, in Stichel's foundation charter, it is expressly stated that he had ob- 
tained the manor by the gift of hie special friend sir Peter de Montfort (Dug. Mon. U. 437.) 

I I I I I I I 

VII. ROGER BERTRAM IV. THOMAS, had a son John, ROBERT BERTRAM acknowledged the service of three knight's fees, =7= 
died in 1312, 8. p. and four sisters, viz. : performed by himself and four Serjeants in the expedition against 

AGNES, ISABELLA, CHRIS- Llewelyn ot Wales, which mustered before the constable and the 
TIAN, and ADA. (Sup. 4.) earl of Worcester, July 1, 1277; but, in the account of the expe- 
dition against the Welch, which mustered at Rhudlan in 1282, 

he is described as infirm and unable to attend personally, but that the service for his three knight's fees would be performed 
by six Serjeants. In 1290, he was knight of the shire for Northumberland. (Palg. Par. Writs, i. 202,230.) In a deed 
of 1294, he is styled baro de Bothal (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 188) ; in which year he defended his rights at the assizes at New- 
castle against the charges brought against him under the writ de quo waranto, at which assizes he also sat upon the jury for 
2 causes (//A*. 171, 187, 188.) In 1296, he was summoned to muster at Newcastle, to do militaiy service against the 
Scots (Palg. Par. Writs, i. 277; Harl. MS. 294, No. 1412); .and, in the same year, he was witness to a deed of Ralph 
lord Greystock. (WaUis, it. 260.) The king sent a writ to him and two others, respecting certain lands in Tinmouthshire, 
anno 12 Edward I. (///. U. 849.) 

VIII. SIR ROGER BERTRAM, knight, lord of Bothal, was living in 1261, and under the name of sir Roger Bertram, of = 
Bothal, in that year, made an exchange with John Silvester, rector of Bothal, respecting certain lands in Bothal ; Richard 
and Falco Bertram being two of the witnesses to the agreement (///. U. 40). Before this, in 1250, he had had liberty of free 
warren in Bothal and Hebburn. (Id. 890.) Roger Bertram, of Bothal, was also witness to a charter while Hugh de Bole- 
beck was sheriff ot Northumberland from 1236 to 1246 (///. it. 76 ; Wallis, U. 284) : also to another, while Wm Heron was 
sheriff, which office he held from 1246 to 1257 (Id. 308 ; Cart. Sid. v. 25.) 




Issue of sir Roger Bertram, knt. and 

IX. ROBERT BERTRAM, on the death of his grandfather, Robert Bertram, in 1300, was found to be 18 years old ; and, 
that year, letters patent respecting the manor of Bothal, describe him as Robert, the son of Roger, son of Robert Bertram. 
(///. ii. 362.) He made proof of his age, and did homage, 2 Edw. II. 1308-9 ; and died in 1384, possessed of the manor 
and hamlet of Bothal, tenements in Woodhorn called Hendemers and Blund, lands in Trywytschel in the Merlay barony, 
tenements in Morpath. the hamlets of Weteworth, Peggsworth, Lang-hurst, and Hebburn, besides 80 acres of land in Tir- 
whitley. (///. i. 58, 60.) 

X. ROBERT BERTRAM, son and heir, was 12 years old at the time of his father's^MARGARET, daur. & co-heir of Constance, 
death. On Nov. 25, 1335, he and Gerard Widdrington had a warrant tested by I wife of Wm de Felton, died 8 Edw. III. 
the king, at Newcastle, to raise the whole disposeable force ofMorpeth ward, with J (Cett. MS. Claud. C. viii.) 

power to arrest and imprison all that refused to rise at their order. (Rot. Scot. i. 

889.) In 1341 he had a release from the crown of 10 a year, payable out of Lourbottle. (///. ii. 371.) In 1343, he had a 
licence to convert his manor house into a castle ; and Dec. 1, of the same year, was appointed one of the justices to punish 
violators of the truces entered into with the Scots. (Rot. Scot. i. 644.) In 1344, his name appears in a list of persons ap- 
pointed to array the forces of the county. (Id. 649.) In 1343 and 1844, he and Robert de Fenwick were joint sheriffs of 
Northumberland. On the JOth of April, 1345, he was appointed, with Adomar de Atholl and Robert Ogle, to raise the 
militia of that county (Id. 660) ; and, on Aug. 28, with different other commissioners, to array the forces both of Yorkshire 
and Northumberland, to repel the meditated invasions of the Scotch. (Id. 664, 665.) When Robert Shelvington, 7 July, 
Edw. III. 1346, was mayor of Newcastle, sir Robert Bertram, knight, granted to Waleran de Lumley, of the same place, a 
messuage, situated in the Close, between the house of John de Fiismareys and that of Thomas Lumley, and between the 
king's highway of the Close and the Tyne, excepting the two cellars and warehouses below. (Evid. No. 7.) In Oct. follow- 
ing, he, and eleven other northern generals, had letters of thanks from the king for their bravery at the battle of Neville's 
Cross, where he captured William Douglas and Malcolm Fleming, earl of Wigton the latter of whom by special writs dated 
Eltham, 14 Dec. 1346, and Jan. 20, 1847, he was commanded to convey to the tower of London ; but, either disregarding 
the royal mandates, and setting the earl of Wigton free, or negligently suffering him to escape, the king issued an order to 
sir Henry Percy and sir Ralph de Neville to apprehend the baron of Bothal himself, and lodge him safely in the prison into 
which he had neglected to deliver the earl of Wigton, as well as to seize all his lands, goods, and chattels, into the king's 
bands, and regularly extend, catalogue, and appraise the whole of them (Rot. Scot. i. 680, 681 , 695) : but, in the following 
year, through the intercession of Hen. earl of Lancaster, they were again restored to him ; and, for his good services in taking 
William Douglas at the battle of Durham, he had an annuity of 200 marks out of the Customs of Newcastle settled upon him 
for life. Edward the Third meditating a powerful invasion of Scotland in the spring of 1347, settled stipends upon several 
northern lords, and their retinues ; and, among the rest, 40 a quarter upon sir Robert Bertram, and ten men at arms, and 
ten archers mounted. (Id. 692.) There is a record, dated in 1362, respecting Robert Bertram, baron of Bothal, in North- 
umberland, and lord of the castle of Bothal. (III. ii. 377.) He died in 1863, possessed of lands in Choppington, Cambois, 
and Northosle, besides the castle and manor of Bothal (III, i. 81.) Proof of his age 2 Edw. III. (Ing, p. m. iv. 437.) 

XI. 1. ROBERT DE OGLE.^HELEN BERTRAM, baroness of Bothal, sole daur. & heir of her father, was four times married; 
(See Part I. vol. i. p. 882.) | firstly, according to the inquest after her father's death, to Robert de Ogle ; and, secondly, to 

JOHN DE OGLE. (Hart. MS. 294, No. 665.) Her third husband was JOHN HATFIELD, of London ; 

and her fourth, DAVID HOLGRAVE, as described in the Ogle Pedigree in Part III. vol. ii. p. 382. 

XII. SIR ROBERT OGLE died 31 October, 1410 ; buried at Hexham.^JoAN, third daughter and co-heir of sir Alan de Heton. 

I ~ -1 " 1 1 

XIII. SIR ROBERT DE=TMAUD, daur. of sir Robert SIR JOHN BERTRAM^JOAN. Two daughters, JOAN and MARGERY< 

OGLE died about 1437. /KGrey, of Horton. knight, took the sur- ~ 

name, and inherited the estates of his grandmother. His bro. sir Robt. 

Ogle, as is related in the pedigree of that family, under Ogle, endeavoured to dispossess him of his mother's inheritance in 
Bothal by force of arms ; but, by the interference of parliament, he was fixed in the peaceable enjoyment of it, according to 
an entail made by his father. For his petition to parliament, and the answer to it, see Bothal Miscel. No. 8. He was 
high-sheriff of this county in 1410, 1411, 1412, 1415, 1422, 1424, 1482, and 1434. Henry V., in the last named year, ap- 
pointed him and sir John de Elton wardens of the castle of Roxburgh, from Jan. 19 next following, to the end of two years ; 
and, on Feb. 8, 1420, the office of sole warden of the same fortress, with other powers within the bounds of Tiviotdale, were 
committed to him. On Aug. 14, 1483, he was a commissioner for punishing violations of the truces ; and, 7 Feb. 1484, the 
baron of Greystock and he had power given them to grant safe conducts to persons coming out of Scotland into England. 
He was also several times, between 1435 and 1438, in commissions about matters of truce and safe conducts. (Rot. Scot. ti. 
314310.) He died 27 Hen. VI. 1448-9, possessed of the castle and extent of the lordship of Bothal ; besides 16 messuages, 
4 cottages, 8 acres of meadow, 494 acres of arable ground, 400 acres of wood, and 300 of moor in Earsdon, and escape for his 
tenants there in Eshet ; in Tritlington, he had 11 messuages, 8 cottages, 9 acres of meadow, 163 acres of arable land, 300 
acres of moor and a water mill ; in Fenrother, 16 messuages, 8 cottages, 6 acres of meadow, 208 acres of arable land, and 
600 acres of moor, and escape in Pigdon for his tenants of Fenrother. (III. U. 274.) 

I 1 

XIV. SIR WILLIAM BERTRAM, knight, In 1461, owed 25 lls. 8d. to the=i= daur. of sir Thomas THOMAS BERTRAM. 

prior and convent of Durham. (Raine's St Cuthbert, 164.) Inquest after his | Kempston, knight. 

death, in 1466, enumerates his possessions as consisting of Bothal castle and ~~ 

the advowson of the church there, besides possessions in Earsdon, Tritlington, Fenrother, Eshot, Pigdon, Hebburn, Pegs- 
worth, Newmoor, Aldmoor, Langhirst, Benwell, Capheaton, and Brinkley. (HI. U. 278.) Another account says, he died 
29 Hen. VI. (Cot. MS. Claud. C. via.} _^___^^ 

daur. of sir John 



XV. WILLIAM OGLE, alias BERTRAM. In 36 Hen. VI. 1457, the earl of ROBERT OGLE, al 
Northumberland, the prior of Tinmouth, William Bertram, and others, were BERTRAM. 
commissioners for levying archers in Northumberland. (Pat. 36, Henry VI. in 
dorso, 60, ffc.) In 1458, he was high-sheriff of the county. He died s. p. 

XVI. ROBERT OGLE, or BERTRAM, only issue, died young, and with him ended the issue male of his great grandfather, John 
Bertram, upon which the Bothal estates, by entail, became the property of the descendants of sir Robert Ogle, knight, and 
Maud, daughter of sir Robert Grey, of Horton. 


1. In pedigree above, at p. 39, generation II. line 2, for he 
lies, read Roger is said to lie ; and, line 3, for he, read William. 

2. Adam Bertram was second witness to a deed respecting 
Haughton, which is not dated, but probably belongs to the 
time of Henry the Third. (///. . 36.) 

8. William Bertram was manucaptor of Adam Bavent, of 



the county of Sussex, when he was distrained to receive 
knighthood. (Palg. Part. Writs, i. 217.) 

4. John Bertram occurs as a witness to a deed respecting 
Widdrington in 14 Edw. III., in which year Gilbert de Bur- 
owden was sheriff of this county. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 162.) 

6. Edward Bertram was sheriff of Newcastle in 1431, and 
sat in parliament for that town in 1441. The same name 
also occurs in the great charter granted to that town by queen 
Elizabeth, 22 March, 1600; as well as in the Hoastmen's 
charter, which was granted on the same day. (Brand's Newc. 
ii. 206, 423, 624, 659.) 

6. Robert Bertram was a very distinguished notary public 
at Durham, his name occurring in that capacity from 1452 to 
1476 ; on the 22nd of May, in which year he, Joan his wife, 
Isabel Milner his sister, and Thomas Bertram, chaplain, had 
letters of fraternity granted to them by the convent of Dur- 
ham. (Raines St Cuthbert, 160.) 

7. Mary, daughter of sir Cuthbert Bertram, knight, is said 
in one pedigree to have married Robert the fifth lord Ogle. 
(Waliis, U. S36.) 

8. Bolbeck-hall, called also Westmoreland-place, in 1569, 
was holden of the earl of Westmoreland by James Bertram, 
and afterwards in the tenure of Robert Bertram. (Brantft 
Newc. 67.) 

9. The antient font of St John's church, which was destroy- 
ed by the Scots in 1639, had the following inscription upon it : 


10. In the same church there was also, formerly, a very 
large stone, bearing the arms of Bertram, with a crest, seem- 
ingly a bull's head out of a coronet. Robert Bertram was 
sheriff of Newcastle in 1522 (Brand's Newc. i. 115; ii. 435.) 

1 1. Sir Francis Anderson, of Bradley, sold to Mark Milbank, 
by deeds, dated in Oct. 25 Car. I. a messuage at the Nunsgate, 
in Newcastle, late in the tenure of Thomas Lawson, and then 
of Robert Bertram, together with the Nuns and the Low 
Orchard and garden thereunto belonging, and in like occupa- 
tion. (Deeds penes Major Anderson.') 

12. Nov. 2, 1652, the house of commons resolved that the 
name of George Bertram, of Elsden, be inserted into the ad- 
ditional bill for the sale of estates forfeited to the Common- 
wealth for treason. (Jour, of H. C. vti. 204.) 

13. Concerning Charles Julius Bertram, professor of the 
English language in the Royal Marine Academy, at Copenha- 
gen, I know nothing further than that he published at Copen- 
hagen, a work under this title : " Britanniarum Gentium Hitto- 
rue Antiqute Scriptores tres : Hicardut Corinensis, Gtidas Badonicus, 
Nenius Banchorensis, fyc." and that he sent a copy of Richard of 
Cirencester to Dr Stukely, who edited it in England in 1757. 
In my account of Redesdale, I have given some reasons for 
suspecting that Mr Bertram himself was the real author of 
the work on Britain. 


1. The old pedigree of Bertram, which goeth with the pedigree of Ogle, does thus begin : 
I. RICHARD BERTRAM. =p REYNOLD GISULPH, lord of Bothal at the Conquest. =f= 


III. This sir Roger man-led the heiress of Mitford Castle ;T=SIR ROGER BERTRAM, SIR RoBERT 3 f=MENEBELt, daughter of 
founded Brinkbume Abbey, where he lies burled. On his | knight, of Mitford. BERTRAM, j sir Simoud Gisulph. of 

! llntlinl 

marble is this inscription " Hie JACET ROGERUS FUNDATOR." j 

IV. SIR ROGER BERTRAM, of Mitford. =p 

V. SIR WILLIAM BERTRAM, of Mltford.=p 

VI. SIR WILLIAM BERTRAM, of Mitford.'f 1 


! Bothal. 

SIR ROGER BERTRAM, of Bothal. =7= 

SIR ROGER BERTRAM, of Bothal. =p 


SIR ROBERT BERTRAM, of Bothal. =p 


2. Walterus filius Wittmi oibus saltm . Sciatis me 
redidisse Rofeto de Insula sicut rectum suum Gosefordi- 
am per rectas diuisas cum monasterio et molendino r i 
oibus libertatibus ad illam terrain pertin' in bosco et 
piano in pratis et pascuis in viis et semitis cum soca et 
saca et tol et team, et infangtheof . excepta parte 
Rot5ti de Newham quam Ernisuis tenuit . Hanc predic- 
tam tenuram ille et hered suis concede tenendam de me 
et hered meis in feodo et hereditate ita libere et quiete 
et honorifice sicut ego ipse illam et alias terras meas 
liberius et quietius et honorificentius de dno meo rege 
teneo . et sicut rex Anglie per cartas suas antecessori- 
bus suis concessit et confirmavit . Hoc illi concede 

propter homagium suum et servicium faciendo tertiam 
partem unius militis . infra consulatum idem custodiam 
xv dierum in Novo Castello . et similiter ei concede 
terram de stabulo de Novo Castello cum predicts terra 
in feodo et hereditate . Hiis testibus Johe Priore de 
Hextoldesham . O Dinello de Umpfravel . Wiihno 
Bartram . Gilberto de Ogel . "Wittmo de Newham . 
Galfrido de Woderinton . Rofcto filio Robert! . Witimo 
filio Walteri . Waltero de Insula . Henrico Battaille . 
Hugone de Insula . Rooto de Fenwick . Rodberto epo 
. Eilof de Rucestre . Pagano Venatore . Gilberto de 
Facarmund . Elzi de Gosefordia . Halano de Matafen 
. Petro de Haforello . Edwardo de Berrehill et Witio 



filio ejus . Galfrido filio Rad perpolito clerico . Rod. 
berto Corbet . Roberto de Forda . Wittmo Tisun . 
Witto de Mubrai et aliis. (Lansd. MS. 32G,/o/. 103.; 

3. " So many of our ancestors being witnesses to this 
deed without date, I endeavoured to find out what 
time they lived ; and, in the pipe office, it appeareth 
by the accounts of William de Vesci, sheriff, that in 
the 14th ye'ar of king Henry the Second, Odonel de 
Vmfravill paid 20s. 8d. aid money towards the marriage 
of Matilda, the king's daughter. Also in the accounts of 
Roger Stuteville, then sheriffe, Gilbert de Hogill is 
fined one mark for bringing a writ against his lord, in 
the 33rd year of Henry II, ; and the same Roger Stut- 
teville accounted for one mark for the. fine of Galfrid 
Woderington, imposed by the justices of the forest. 
From whence it appears that the witnesses to the above 
said deed lived in the time of Henry the Second, and 
Odonel Vmfravill being dead in the 22nd year of that 
reign, we may suppose this deed about the 20th of this 
king's reign, so that in all likelihood these gentlemen 
were within two or three descents of the Conquest." 

4. Another old deed in the time of Edward the First. 
Radulph' de Essendon dedit & concessit maneriu de Es- 
sendon, Johani filio suo, et Isabelle uxori sue . Hiis 
testib5 Roberto Bertram de Bothal . domino Johanne 
de Kirkley tune vice comite, Northumbrie . dom . Hu- 
gone Delavall . dom. Rog. Mauduit . dom. Adam de Ca- 
mois militib'. 

5. Rogerus Bertram sat . Sciatis me concessisse in 
puram 1 ppetua elemos eccte see Marie Ebor concilio 
venerabiliu patrum epoT? Witti Dunelm . T; Adelwaldi 
Karliol eccliam de Steinton cu oibj ptin' quam pater 
meus Witts & auus meus Wido de Balioll eidem eccfte 
contulerant . Testibj Witto epo Dunelm . Adelardo 
epo Karliol (Ex. MS. 16, in Sib. Dec. et Cap. Dunelm, 

6. Bernardus de Arenis omib3 &c. sciatIs me dedisse 
Miloni homini meo *l heredibs suis dimidiam parte 
de dominio meo in quictunstal de terra arabili pp homa- 
giu suu pp seruiciu suu . Habendam T; tenendam in 
feodo T. hereditate, &c. . Reddendo annuatim m 1 7 he- 
red^ meis . ii . sol . Et quamdiu fuerit balliv' meus 
erit quietus de . ii . solidis . Et cum non fuit balliv' 
meus tune reddet . ii . sol . In expectatione uni' caru- 
cate terre quam tenebit eodem seruicio . sicut Bertram 
filiu' osberti tenet terram suam . hiis . 1" . Witto ber- 
tr a m . Guidone fctra . Ric' b'tram . Rofi bert a m . Rot 
de Diuelestuna . Radt de Sco petro . Evstacio des bans 
. helga capett . Ric' capell' . henrico fil' iohis . Walto 
punchardun . Albario senescal . Witto filio ei' . Ric' 
blundel . Witto de bulesd . Robero bene . hamone 
clerico. (L. 153.> 

7. Hec carta cirografFata testatur qd Rofctus Bertram 
miles concessit Wallerano de Lomley de Nouo Castro 
sup Tynam totum ilium messuagium cu ptin. in villa 
Noui Castri sup Tynam in vico vocatur le Clos sicut est 
in longitudine 1 in latitudine in? mesuagiu Johis de 
ffrismarys ex una parte T; mesuagiu Thome de Lomley 
ex pte al?a 1 sicut se extendit a via regia del' Clos usq> 
in aquam de Tyne exceptis illis magnis duobj solariis 
^ colariis subtus eisdem sicut sita sunt in eodem mesu- 
agio in parte australi eiusdem mesuagii sup keyam de 
Tyne &c. . Habend p Suiciu unius rose p annu ad festu 
natiuitat fci Johis Bapte Hiis testibus Rofito de Shil- 
vyngton tune Majore ville Novi Castri sup Tynam . 
Wittmo de Acton . Hug de Angreton . Johe de Emel- 
don . T; Johe de Wake tune battis ejusdem ville, &c. . 
Johne de fFrismarys . Rofito de Angi-eton . Rico de 
Cromcliff . Thoma de Hexh a m 1 aliis . Dat apud Novu 
Castrii sup Tynam die Veneris in Festo translacbnis sci 
Thome Mai tir. a. r. r. Edw. III. a. c. A. vicesimo, t 
Francie septimo. (L. 

As the chapelry of HEBBURN is the only portion of the west division of 
Tindale ward which has not yet been described in this work, I will proceed 
with my account of it before I commence with the topographical history of 
the parts of Bothal parish which lie in the east division of that ward. It 
forms the most westerly part of Bothal parish, and has the great London road 
by Berwick to Edinburgh running through it for above four miles. It how- 
ever measures nearly five miles from its southern boundary, near the race- 
ground on Cottonwood, to where its northern limit abuts upon the Eshot and 


Chevington grounds. The whole chapelry lies high ; and, where its aspect 
is eastern, overlooks the sea. The course of husbandry pursued here, as well 
as in Bothal, is, on the strong land, wheat, clover, oats, fallow ; and, on the 
lighter grounds, barley or wheat, sown grass, oats, turnips. Henry Ogle, 
esq. of Cawsey Park, vested 140 in the hands of the minister and chapel- 
wardens of this district, directing the interest of it to be annually divided 
amongst the poor. The principal of this sum is now 152 10s., and in the 
Morpeth savings bank. c 

The township of Hebburn, including the farm called Lowshield Hill and 
Hebburn Hill, contains 1173 acres, which are now, as in the earls of Oxford 
and Mortimer's time, divided into five farms. The place from which it has 
its name, is, I apprehend, the same as is called Hebre in Ranulph de Merlay's 
foundation deed of Newminster Abbey. The first distinct mention I find of it is 
in 1240, when it is called He-burn,* a name probably given to it from its situa- 
tion, for it stands on the highest stream of Bothal-burn. Half a carucate of 
land in it belonged at that time to a yeoman, who, like one of the heroes in 
Homer's poem of the Frogs and Mice, was called Mangebacon. 

The village consists of a chapel, three farm houses, and a few cottages, 
which stand in gardens that are well fenced and well attended to ; but the 
roads in and about it are still in a very primitive state. The high ground 
called Hebburn Hill, 6 shelters it well from the north, and had formerly a bea- 
con upon it. The village schoolmaster receives a stipend of 4 a year from 
the duke of Portland ; and the parish clerk and his predecessors have resided 
so long in a house here, belonging to the rectory of Bothal, as to feel inclined 
to look upon it as property attached to their office. The population of this 
place has of late years been declining: in 1801, it was 107; in 1811, 92; 
and, in 1821, 88. Branches of the family of Tizack, who came from Loraine 
to Newcastle, as glass-makers, about the year 1619, have long been farmers 

c Archdeacon Singleton's Visitation Book, &c. 

d III. i. 208, 217. Generally it has two b's in it. In Wallis, ii. i. it is written Hebburn. In 
other places it is Heyborne, Heburn, and Hebume. (See III. i. 44, 60, 171, <?.; ///. ii. 390; 
//. i. 392. J e Three 12 Ib. and one 24 Ib. cannon balls were found in the gravel, near the 

stack-yard here, some forty years since. (Mack. ii. 149J 

f For some notices respecting the families of Henzel, Tizack, and Tyttere, see Brand's Newcas- 
ii. 43, 44, 45, &c. j Journal of the House of Commons, xi. 386. 





Dr Bazire, at his visitation here, in 1674, found the chapel " most scan- 
dalously and dangerously ruinous : roof divided, under propt within with 
eight crutches, without with three : the seats all upturned or broken." The 
minutes of succeeding archidiaconal visitations contain orders for various re- 
pairs to be done in it. g In 1793, it was wholly re-built on its old site : the 
proprietors of lands in the parish paying for the nave, and Mr Smalridge, as 
rector of Bothal, for the chancel. The whole expence was about 700, of 
which Mr Smalridge's share came to 148 13s. Its nave is 55 feet by 18 feet 
7 inches within : its chancel 25 and a half feet by 14 feet 8 inches. The 
masonry and internal fitting are good ; but its style of architecture trivial 
and bald. The large stone of the Ogles, which the archdeacon, in 1731, 
ordered to be laid in the floor, near the altar rails, is now in the floor 
beneath the altar table, and bears the Ogle arms near its centre, and this 
inscription round its margin : " Here lyeth the body of James Ogle of Caw- 
sey Parke Esqvire, sonne and heir of William second sonne of Ralphe the 3 
Lord Ogle. He lefte issve 5 sonnes." Close adjoining to the stone of the 
Ogles, is also one of the family of Threlkeld, thus inscribed : " The burial 

s See below, in Miscellanea respecting Hebburn. 


place of Mr Deodatus Threlkeld of Tritlington and Margaret his wife, by 
whom he had issue 3 children, viz. John, Thomas, and Elizabeth. He de- 
parted this life the 26 th Feb. 1732, aged 75." 

FENROTHER consists of a small cluster of farm houses and cottages, on a 
dry knoll, midway between the Berwick and Wooler roads to Edinburgh. T8y 
the survey made in lord Oxford's time, that nobleman had 1057 acres here, 
then occupied by eleven tenants, now by four. The rest of the township is 
comprised in the estate called Heron's Close, which adjoins the grounds of 
Espley on the north. This is the ground in " Finerother" of which William 
Heron, of Hadston, died possessed in 42 Henry III. ; over which, William 
Heron, of Ford, had free warren in 15 Edward III. ; and which, after passing 
through the Herons, of Meldon, became the property of the Fenwicks of that 
place ; h but, in 1663, belonged to Thomas Woodman ; at the election, in 
1748, to one of the same name ; and, at present, to Mr Ralph Woodman. 
The rest of the history of the township of Fenrother is trite. In 1240, " Ro- 
bert de Finrother held Finrother" of the baron of Bothal by the annual pay- 
ment of half a mark. The prior of Tynemouth seems to have had two mes- 
suages and 146 acres of ground here ; and David Holgrave, Helen Bertram's 
fourth husband, gave lands in it to the chantry of St Andrew, in Bothal 1 
church. Gorfen-ktch is the most westerly farm-house in this township. 

CAWSEY PARK has its name from an antient paved way, which led along its 
eastern boundary, and on the line of the present great north road. Formerly 
it had a chapel within its precincts ; but where it stood, or how, or for what pur- 
poses it was endowed, I have found no distinct account. Originally, I appre- 
hend, this township was a parcel of the parish of Felton : for that parish formed 
part of the great land barony of Mitford ; and, in 1240, la CJiauce was holden 
by Joseph the Chaplain of the baron of Mitford by free alms, but with free- 
dom from all services. j The inquest after the death of William Heron, 42 
Henry III. 1258, is dated apud Calcetum* The chapel of St Guthbert, super 
le Cause, in 11 Henry VI. is mentioned as in the advowson of Henry Percy, 
of Athol, and Elizabeth his wife, who at that time were proprietors of the 
barony of Mitford ; and, in 34 of the same reign, as belonging to Elizabeth, 
the wife of Thomas Lucy, widow of sir Thomas Borough, and co-heiress, 

h See above, p. 16 & 17. ' III. ii. 252, 262. J III. i. 216. k Fed. of Heron, p. 5. 


with her sister Margaret, of the same sir Henry Percy, of Athol. 1 Probably 
this place was honoured with a chapel, on account of the monks of Durham 
having rested here in their flight from that place, with the body of St Cuth- 
bert, to Holy Island, in 1069 m How it came into the hands of the Ogles I 

1 III. ii. 271, 276. 

m The monks in this flight before the arms of William the Conqueror, are said, by Simeon, to 
have rested the first night at Jarrow, the second at Bedlington, the third at Tughall, and to have 
reached Holy Island on the fourth. Mr Raine, in his " St Cuthbert," quotes Wessington, who was 
prior of Durham from 1416 to 1446, to show, " that, in general, wherever a church was in after 
days dedicated to St Cuthbert, the bishop and his clergy had, in their wanderings, visited that 
very place with the body of the saint." The words quoted to support this inference are, " While 
these things," viz. : the wanderings of the monks, " were going on, St Cuthbert ceased not 
from performing miracles ; for which reason, in those parts at a distance from the eastern coast, (in 
partibus occidentalibus ) , where the said bishop and abbot for a while sojourned through fear of 
the Danes, many churches and chapels were afterwards built in honor of St Cuthbert." The 
quotation is also accompanied with a list of the names of many churches in Northumberland, 
Durham, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, which were thus dedicated to 
this saint as Elsden, Hay don-bridge, and Beltingham, which Mr Raine supposes to have been 
resting places of the monks in their first flight with the sacred body from Holy Island into Cum- 
berland. Now, presuming that Wessington's words will bear the interpretation which my friend 
here puts upon them, I will suppose that the chapel of St Cuthbert had been built super le Causey 
in honor of the car and coffin of our great northern saint having halted here on the third day's 
flight from Durham. An antient deed in my possession, and by which William Basset conveyed 
to John de Staindrop, called The Coroner, a messuage and lands in Offerton, in the county of Dur- 
ham, mentions " the chapel of the blessed Cuthbert in Vfferton," and " the well of St Cuthbert," 
in that village. Possibly these derived their designation from the monks making Offerton their 
mid-day halting place in their journey between Durham and Jarrow. Bedlington church was 
certainly dedicated to St Cuthbert, a circumstance which might indeed be accounted for from that 
place being a part of his patrimonial property. As the monks in this flight are known to have 
brought with them, not only the body of St Cuthbert, but also great store of riches, relics, and 
ornaments, belonging to his church and shrine, and Bedlington was a good stage, at least 1 1 miles 
from Cawsey Park, it seems probable enough that this was their first resting place on the day in 
which they travelled from Bedlington to Tughall ; and when it is considered in how high venera- 
tion the remains of the saint were holden for several centuries that two great festivals one on 
the 20th of March, the day of the vernal equinox, on which the sun entered Aries, and spring 
began, in honour of his Deposition the other, on the 4th oi September, when the sun was pre- 
paring, at the autumnal equinox, to leave our hemisphere, and to commence his march through 
the six lower signs of the zodiac, in honour of his Translation ; and when to these considerations 
we add the accounts of the splendid processions that were made on the days of these festivities, of 
the great number of the nobility that attended them, and of the intense awe and adoration with 


can give no account. Perhaps it was conveyed to them by the crown, at the 
time of the Reformation : for, in 1542, Robert lord Ogle held the manor of 
Cawsey Park, with 40 acres of land in Earsdon and Horsley ; n and, in 1568, 
... Ogle was possessed of a capital messuage called " Calsey Park, with the 
Park there, and certain lands in Horsley." When it became the property of 
the Ogles, and its chapel fell into disuse, they seem to have annexed it to 
their own barony of Bothal, which it adjoins, and made it an integral part of 
the chapelry of Hebburn. The house here was built in 1589, by James Ogle, 

which his shrine was at all times approached we cannot wonder, that in commemoration of so 
great an event as the tutelar deity of the see of Durham having once rested on this estate, its pro- 
prietor consecrated it to holy purposes, and ordained that services to God and St Cuthbert should 
be daily said upon it. But, " where are now the remains of St Cuthbert ?" was a question in 
legendary lore, which no one for the last three centuries, except a succession of three benedictine 
monks, to whom the secret of his burial place was entrusted, it has been said, were able to solve. 
These remains, for centuries, had continued to be the great idol of the church of Durham a god 
neither of wood nor stone no graven image not the likeness of any thing in heaven, or in earth, 
or under the earth, made by man's hand but the body of an aged anchorite, which, on account 
of the piety of his life, and the reputed miracles that he wrought after his death, became the object 
of awe, gratitude, and veneration, to the thousands that visited his shrine. Crowned and mitred 
heads bowed down to it. The people were taught to Relieve that the body was incorruptible, and 
that its soul, or some divinity which waited around it, was conscious of their wants and wishes, 
and answered their prayers by healing their infirmities. To prevent, as it should seem, the con- 
tinuance of this corrupt species of worship, the body of the holy man was ordered, by public 
authority, to be decorously buried, which was accordingly done on the feast of the epiphany, 
1542 ; but, though several Roman catholic writers had said, that the saint's remains were interred 
in his shrine, immediately below the place where " they had rested in their exalted state," yet the 
mystery that time throws over the true account of such events, and the tale about the benedictine 
monks, had made the matter dubious, till May 17, 1827, when the Rev. W. N. Darnell, M. A., 
prebendary of the church of Durham, in his office of sub-dean there for that year, having several 
workmen engaged in repairing the Nine Altars, employed a party of them to raise the great stone in 
the floor of the middle of the shrine, under which " the constant tradition of the church" had 
stated the remains to lie. A short time convinced him that he had hit upon the object of his 
search, which was carefully and minutely examined by himself and other gentlemen, whom he 
sent for after the discovery was made, and amongst the rest by Mr Raine, who, in his interesting 
work, entitled " St Cuthbert," has, with great industry and research, drawn together a curious 
and very valuable mass of materials respecting his life, canonized state, miracles, relics, wander- 
ings, &c. till his body was recently disinterred, and his bones again re-committed to their antient 
resting place. 

n Cole's Esch. Harl. MS. 759, p. 266. Laws, foi 1 6, 



esq. as appears by a rude stone tablet bearing that date, and his initials on 
two shields. This tablet was formerly in the outer wall of the east wing of 
the house, which consisted of a considerable suite of apartments fronting the 
south, and an east and west wing, besides various contiguous offices, all of 
which are fast verging to ruin. The east wing, indeed, fell down about five 
years since. There are, in the body of the house, two circular stone stair- 
cases one near its middle the other to the west, for the convenience of the 
kitchen and servants' apartments. A tablet in the east wall of the west wing 
bears the arms of Bertram quartering Ogle, neatly cut in stone. The gardens 
are well stocked with fruit trees, and very productive ; but in the hands of a 
market gardener. In that to the west is a curious dial, surmounted by a 
globe, and having the arms of the lords Ogle on one side, and on the other three 
sides the hemispheres, phases of the sun, and tables of the sun's rising and 
setting, and the hour it is at different places when it is twelve o'clock at Caw- 
sey Park. The school at Cawsey Park Bridge was built by Henry Ogle, esq. 
who by provisions of his will, dated in l?6l, endowed it with about two acres 
of land lying contiguous to it, and with a rent charge of 15 a year issuing 
out of the tythes of the parish of Longhorsley, a farm at Tritlington, one 
called Longdike, and one (on whiqji the school-house stands) called Earsdon- 
hill, for " teaching 30 children, boys and girls," who are inhabitants of this 
township, as the reader will find more fully detailed in the extracts from Mr 
Ogle's will, given below in the Miscellanea respecting this chapelry, No. 3. 
The estate called Earsdon-hill has, however, been since sold, subject to the 
rent charge to the school of 15 a year. On the grounds here, a little to the 
west of the house, is a fine broad dyke of very compact whinstone, which has 
been much quarried for road material, and does not, as far as I have examin- 
ed it, seem to contain either hornblend or olivine. It has the millstone grit 
on its north cheek ; and beds of slaty sandstone, bituminous shale, &c. on 
the south. It is evidently connected with a considerable throw ; and the 
north side of it seems to be millstone grit converted into whin. Minor points 
of the history of this township will be found in the following 




I. SIR WILLIAM OGLE, of Cockle Park, knight, according to a pedigree of the=f = MARGARET, daughter of sir John Delaval, of 

family of Ogle, of Ogle and Bothal Castle, attached to the inquest after the " * 

death of Robert lord Ogle, 20 Oct. 6 Eliz. 1564, was third son of Ralph lord 
Ogle, who died about the year 1513. (Coles Escheats. Hart. MS. 760, p. 311. 
See also M. I. in account of Hebburn Chapel, p. 130.) 

Seaton Delaval, by Anne, dau. of sir Thomas 
Grey, of Chillingham. (Hart. MSS. 1153, p. 
52; 1448, p. 5,- and 1654, fol. 23 $ 24.) 

I 1 T ~1 1 


dau. of John 
of Callaley. 

of Bebside. In 
36 of Eliz. the 

crown leased 
the rectory of 
Horsley to Matt. & John Ogle. 
(Lansd. Rev. Offic. Papers, 
a. 183.) 

daur. of 

of Swalwell. Will Martin Fen- 

of Cawsey Park, eld. son, 
was at the border meeting 
at which sir Francis Rus- 
sell was slain in 1585. 
(Cott. MS. Col. C. viii. fol. 
286.) His initials, I. O., 
with the date, 15S9, are 
cut on 2 shields on a rude 

stone tablet, which is preserved at Cawsey Park, 
and before the building tell down was in the west 
wall of the east wing of the house there. In 1598, 
J. Ogle was ex'or of Jas. Ogle, late of Cawsey Park, 
deceased; and, April 5, 1600, the will of James Ogle, of Cawsey Park, was proved by John Ogle, his son and sole ex'or. 
(Raine's Test. 140, 147.) There is an inscription to his memory on a marble in the floor, under the altar table of 
Hebburn chapel. 

John Ogle, dated 28 Sep. 1598, in which he desires wick, of East 
of Ogle to be buried at Bothal, and mentions Hedwin and 
Castle. his cousin John Ogle, of Cawsey Park ; Burradon. 

his lands in the bishoprick ; his sister 

Mary Law ; his cousin Anne, daur. of his brother James, late of 
Cawsey Park ; the ground called the Foxholes, which he had In 
mortgage of John Horsley ; Matthew Ogle, son of Martin Ogle, of 
Tritlington; and appoints his said cousin John his executor. 
(Raine's Test. 874.) 


" of ... Palmer. her uncle Matt. Bebside, whose mentioned in 2nd son, married 
left the ground goods were se- the seques- Dorothy, dau. of 
called the Foxholes, which he had questered March tration of her Thomas Watson, 
in mortgage of John Horsley. 9,1615 (Raine's husband's of Ellingham, by 
(Raines Test. 875.) Test. 170.) goods. whom she had a 

son & heir THOS. 
OGLE, who was 3 y. old in 1615. 

daur. of Robert Wid- Cawsey Park, 

derington and Mar- esq. was a juror 

garet, sister of Robt. at 

the sixth, and Cuth- 

bert the seventh lord 

Ogle. (M. 2. Bothal 


the North- 
umberland as- 
sizes, in 1628 

(Swinb. MS. in. 
87) ; and, in the 
following year, 

the sheriff of the county caused an exigi facias to be proclaimed against him at Felton church. (Id. 268.) The inquest after 
his death was taken at Morpeth, 2 April, 12 Charles I. and shows that he died SO Aug. 1636, possessed of the manor of Caw- 
sey and Cawsey Park, and two messuages and 40 acres of land in Earsdon-hill, all then holden of the manor of Bothal, 
besides having had a messuage and ten acres of land in Felton called Gallow-close, and another messuage and ten acres of 
land called Bridgham Lee, situated in Felton Forest, and both holden of the king in capite. (Cole's Etch. Harl. MS. 760, p. 


2. JAMES OGLE, of Cawsev Park, esq. paid 824=f = jANE, daur. of Lancelot Ogle, of 
" as a fine imposed upon him by the lords and I Burradon, in Tinmouthshire. She 

IV. 1. EDWARD OGLE was one year old 

In 1615, and 20 years & 47 weeks when 

the inquest after his father's death was commons for his delinquency to the parliament," was buried at Earsdon in 1655, as 

taken. the receipt for which sum is dated 31 Oct. 1649, | appears by the registers there. 

and still in possession of the family. He was a 

deputy-lieutenant and a commissioner of subsidies for Northumberland; and appointed Dec. 8, 1660, under the signature of 
the earl of Northumberland and lord Josceline Percy, a major of the regiment of foot whereof Wm lord Widdiington was 
colonel ; and, 4 May, 1663, a captain of " that troop of horse raised within the county," as appears by the original commis- 
sions still preserved among the family papers. In 1663, his estate consisted of Burradon, Longhorsley Tithe, Cawsey Park, 
Earsdon-hill, Foxholes, and Cawsefleld. (///. *. 327.) His will is dated 80 July, 1664, and by it he gave all his estate to 
John Clarke, of Newcastle, esq. and Wm Armourer, of Middleton, gent, for ten years, to pay his debts, with remainder to his 
son William, when 21 years old ; and further remainder to Edward Ogle, of Welbeck, coun. Nottingham, gent. (Raine's 
Test. 914.) He died Dec. 4, 1664, and was buried in St Andrew's church, Newcastle, where there is a long Latin inscription 
to his memory, which is printed In Brand, vol. 1. p. 189. 


V. WILLIAM OGLE, of Cawsey Park, esq. was born at Burradon, and bap. at-pELizABETH, daur. ..., wife of ... Shevil, 
Earsdon in 1653. He was appointed, in 1679, a lieutenant in his father-in-law, I of Col. Strother, of chirurgeon in New- 
Colonel Strother's dragoons ; and because he had " ability suitable to his loyalty," [ Fowberry. castle. 

his cousin the duke of Newcastle, in Nov. in the same year, made him a deputy- 

lieutenant of the county. He was also appointed, 20 June, 1685, under the sign manual of Jas. the Second, to be a captain 
in a troop of horse. He died at Cawsey Park, and was buried at Hebburn, Dec. 15, 1718.* 

VI. HENRY OGLE, esq. bap. 12=ANNE ORDE, dau. of ...~TWILLIAM OGLE, of Cawsey=MARGARET,=BERNARD SHAW, esq. 

October, 1685 ; was sheriff of Wm Orde, of Sandy- 
Northumberland in 1737. This banks; had by her 
gentleman, by his will, founded husb.'s will all that 
the school at Cawsey Park bridge, farmhold called O- 
and gave 140 to the poor of gleborough, which he 
Hebburn chapelry. He died s. p. purchased of his bro. 
at Cawsey Park, on Friday, Feb. Wm, besides otherbe- 
28, and was buried at Hebburn, quests, some of which 
March 2, 1761.* He mentions he purchased of his 
in his will his brothers-in-law, brothers-in-law, Ro- 
Robert Fenwick & Walter Ket- bert Fenwick & Wal- 
tleby, esquires. ter Kettleby, esqrs. 

Park, & MARY CARR, wi- 
dow, to marry at Ford 
church, dated 24 Novem- 

thor of the Plan of 

Gibraltar, published 

by Faden, in 1781. 

This gentleman "was 

younger son of a 

Park. esq. Bond for licence dau. of Wm who was a captain in 
to William_Ogle of Cawsey Rutter, of the 2nd! foot, and au- 
gent. She 
re- married, 

ber, 1721. (Raine's Test.) 2 Sep. 1777, 
His will is dated 2 Sept. and died 10 

1774, and by it he gave all April, 1781. very respectable fa- 
his personal estate to his mily, long seated near 

wife Margaret Rutter ; & Besborough, in the county of Kil- 
also his real estate, when kenny." His elder brother, Robert, 
discharged of its incum- was a banker in Dublin, and M. P. 
brances, for her life. He for that city, and father of Robert 
died 29 Nov. and was buried at Hebburn, Dec. 3, in the same year.* Shaw, esq. who has represented it 

for several successive parliaments. 

This Bernard married 2dly, Barbara, daur. and co-heir of William Shield, esq. of the Ouseburn, near Newcastle, by whom 
he had issue, Robert Shaw, esq. of Us worth Place, in the parish of Washington, and county of Durham. /K 


(For continuation of issue, turn over.) 

* Registers of Hebburn. 



Issue of Wm Ogle, esq. and .... 



Continuation of issue of Wm Ogle, esq. 
and Elizabeth Strother. 

I T 1 T 

I.MARY or MARGARET, 2. JANE bap. 7 Dec. 16SO;* 8. ELIZABETH OGLE, 4. CATHARINE bap. Aug. 28, 1692;* 6. ...,adaur. 
bap. 11 May, 1679;* married Gawen Aynsley, bap. June 26, 1683;* bond for marriage licence for her who, In 1709, 
marr. lONov. 1698, Wm esq.of Littleharle To wer.=f= married Ralph Wai- and Wm Carr, esq. of Eshot, dated was 12 years 
Orde, jun. of Fecklington. /^ lis, of Copeland Cas- 18 Jan. 1723. (Raine's Test. 15.) old. 

tie and Knaresdalo, 

who, after wasting the inheritance of his forefathers in riot and extravagance, held the office of store-keeper to the garrison 
at Berwick. He sold Copeland to sir Chaloner Ogle, and Knaresdale to John Steplienson, an alderman of Newcastle. -r- 

VI. WILLIAM OGLE was a major in the 34th foot ; 1. WILLIAM WALI.IS 8. RALPH WALLIS bap. 1. ELIZABETH WALLIS 

and, by his father's will, had Cawsey Park for life, bap. at Knaresdale, March 81, 1711 ;f and bap. Sep. 2, 1706. t 

after his father's wife's death. His sons also were in re- Jan. 10, 1704; bur. -f buried July 4, in the 2. CATHARINE bap. 

mainder for it, after failure of the male issue of the Oct. 4, 1706. same year. May 5, 1708. f 

three sons of Ogle Wallis. He died soon after his fa- 2. JAS. WALLIS bap. 4. MARK WALLIS bap. S. MARY bap. June 2, 

ther, and without issue male. May 27,1 709. fir Nov. 29, 1713 ;f was & bur. Sep. 9, 1712. t 

living in 1 761, when he 4. MARY, bap. June 19, 

had an annuity of .20 a year left him by his uncle Henry Ogle. 1717. 

5. OGLE WALLIS bap. Sept. 9, 1715,f and had by his uncle Henry's will the reversion of the annuity 5. DOROTHY bap. Feb. 

left to his brother Mark.=j= 8, 1718 ; bur. June 6, 

7. MARGERY WALLIS had by the will of her uncle Henry Wallis, a mes- 1719. f 

suage, tenement, and farmhold in Whalton, besides JE500. 

6. DOROTHEA WALLIS, bap. Feb. 15, 1720;* was 2nd wife of^JoHN THRELKELD, son of=T=jANE, only daur. of Gawen 

MrThrelkeld. Henry Ogle, esq. of Cawsey Park, by his will, 
dated in 1760, left Nether-houses, in the parish of Elsden, to 
his nephew-in-Iaw, John Threlkeld, gentleman, for his life, 
and after his death to his " niece Dorothy Threlkeld, wife of 
him the said John Threlkeld," for her life. 

Deodatus Threlkeld, of I Aynsley, of Littleharle Tow- 
Trltlington. He and Jane I er, by his wife Jane, dau. of 
Aynsley were first intro- William Ogle, esq. of Caw- 
duced to each other at sir | sey Park. 

Win middle ton's, at Belsay 

Castle, and soon after got privately married ; for which 
their parents, on both sides, disinherited and deserted them. He was a merchant in Newcastle, and his father re- 
called the money he had lent him to begin business with, which put him into embarrassed circumstances ; but sir 
William Middleton procured him the situation of post master at Morpeth, which office he held till his death. 


WALLIS OGLE, daughter of of Hall, 

called in the will Tbeophilus esq. of Wil- 
of Henry Ogle, In Dunn, of llngton, and 
1761, " my great Morpeth, sister of Mrs 
nephew William where she Parslow. 
Ogle Wallis." was living 
The same Henry in April, 1829, when the 
ulsolefthim500. author was indebted to her 
He was a lieut.- for information respecting 
col. in the North- this family, 
umberland mili- 
tia ; but died without issue, and was buried 
at Hebburn, Feb. 18, 1804.* 

=1. WM OGLE WAL-=... Beres- 
LIS OGLE, by the ford, wi- 
will of his great dowof... 
uncle Henry Ogle, Hamilton 
had 30 a year out 
ef Cawsey Park, for which he 
was also in remainder after the 
death of his cousin Wm Ogle 
Wallis Ogle ; but after his son 
was at years, the entail, which 
extended to his sisters, was 

LIS, in remain- 
der for Cawsey 
Park, after 
failure of the 
issue male of 
his bro. Wm. 
He married 
Miss Boyden^ 
8. HEN. WAL- 
LIS, In remain- 
der for Cawsey 
Park, after his 
brother John ; died in India, s. p. 

KELD, on 
whom Henry 
Ogle, by his 
will, in 1761, 
entailed Neth- 
er-houses, in 
the parish of 
Elsden. This 
Henry died a 
few years ago 
in Morpeth, & 

KELD, marri- 
ed GEO. MID- 
FORD, an emi- 
nent surgeon 
whose descend, 
ants see under 

Tower, part ii. 
vol. i. p. 210.=r= 

VIII. WILLIAM OGLE WALLIS OGLE was upwards of 21 years old in January, ISOS.nPHARRiET, daughter of Daniel Orde, 
Residing at Paris in 1829. | of Longridge, esq. 





EARSDON consists of two farm premises, and a few poor cottages/ and 
stands about a mile east of the great north road, on the bare brow of a dry 

p In lord Oxford's time there were many tenants here... fifteen at least. The largest quantity of 
ground farmed by one tenant was 202 acres, and the whole of " Earsden town inclosed ground," 
belonging to his lordship, thus tenanted out, was 546 acres. Besides which, the south part of the 
moor, which belonged to the east end of the town, contained 168 acres and 3 roods ; and the north 
part, including the post road, and other ways, to the west end of Harelaw, contained 243 ac. 2 ro. 
and 24 p. whereof one-ninth belonged to the freeholder John English, one-fifty-third to a cottager 

* Registers of Hebburn, in which is the following entry : " Dec. 6, 1713, buryed Mrs Dorothy Ogle, of Cawsey Parke," besides several 
entries respecting a family of the name of Ogle, who lived at Fenrother, and another of the same name who resided at a place in that chapelry 
called Sheriff-hill. f Knaresdele Registers. 


hill, enjoying the purest breezes, and buffeted by the heaviest storms that issue 
from the temple of the winds. Earsdon Moor and wind-mill are on the west 
side of the great road, and belong to Mr Thomas Davison, who resides there. 
Though the baron of Bothal had no tenants under him here, holding by 
knight's service, in 1165; yet, in 1240, Peter de Crikeliston and Eve his wife 
held under Roger Bertram, of Bothal, lands in Tritlington, and Herdisdon or 
Erdiston, by one knight's fee of the old feoffment. q William Erdeston also 
died seized of lands in Erdeston in l#78. r Sir John Bertram, knight, at his 
death, in 27 Henry VI. 1449, was found to have had 16 messuages, 14 cot- 
tages, 8 acres of meadow, 494 acres of arable ground, 400 acres of wood, and 
300 acres of moor in Eresden, 8 which possessions passed to his descendants, 
and from them, through the Ogles, to the duke of Portland, their present 
proprietor. Roger Thornton, who died in 1 Richard III, 1483-4, held lands 
in Tritlington and Eresden. The farm called Earsdon-hill, in this township, 
was sold by the Ogles, of Cawsey Park, subject to the annuity of 15, settled 
upon it by Henry Ogle for the benefit of the Cawsey Bridge school. 

Concerning the township of EARSDON FOREST, all I can say is, that it lies 
north of Earsdon, and on the boundary of the Eshot and Chevington grounds ; 
that in lord Oxford's time it contained 7^5 acres, divided into two farms, 
called the East and West ; and that at present it is in three farms, called the 
East and West Forest, and Pig-hill. Earsdon and Earsdon Forest are dis- 
tinctly mentioned as estates of Cuthbert lord Ogle, in Lawson's survey of the 
property of the county in 1568. 

TRITLINGTON has the small sedgy stream of the Line winding through it, 
on the hanging southern bank of which the best and greatest part of this 
retired village is built. Its chief curiosity is the old stone-built mansion of 
the Threlkelds, which has a well sheltered and well walled garden adjoining 
it on the north, and on the west a curtain, in the front wall of which is an 
ornamented gateway, each of the four pillars of which finishes with a stone 

called John Tindale, and the remainder to the six west farms. The survey of this township con- 
cludes with the following : " N. B. The freeholders' dividend adjoins to and lies west of the post 
road, to Mr Ogle's land on the north-west, and to Earsdon Moor on the south. The share for 
the cottage lying west of the freeholders' is next to the herd's house, and close. All customary 
ways and watering places are to be enjoyed by them, as formerly when in common, there being 
neither spring nor watering place in their dividends. The same privilege is also reserved to lord 
Oxford's tenants to have free egress and regress upon all occasions." 

J Lib. Nig. 336 j III. i. 208. r III. i. 47. III. ii. 274. Id. 278, 279. 



vase, and the two highest of these with circular fruit baskets. The freehold 
grounds here and in Earsdon were prohably those which Peter de Crikeliston 
and Eve his wife, in 1240, held of the baron of Bothal by one knight's fee : u 
the rest of the township having been preserved in fee by the Bertrams and 
their descendants to this time. The abbot and convent of Newminster had, 
or were acquiring, certain lands here in 1364 ; v but perhaps these were lands in 
Titlington, in the manor of Wark. w The family of De Lisle, of Woodburn, 
seem to have had property in " Seton & Tyrtilington," in 1358 ; x and 
Thomas Heron, the proprietor of Heron's Close and of Meldon, died seized 
of lands in " Tyrtelington," in 1404. y The property of sir John Bertram 
here, in 1448-9, is described in the inquest after his death, as consisting of 
eleven messuages, three cottages, nine acres of meadow, 163 acres of arable 
land, 300 acres of moor, and a water corn mill ; but though inquests like 
this were solemnly made by jurors regularly sworn and impanelled for the 
purpose, yet they are frequently very erroneous. 2 The families of Ogle and 
Albony frequently occur as possessed of lands in this place. 3 In 1663, the 
proprietors in it besides the duke of Portland, were William Middleton, esq., 
of Belsay, . . . Albany, and Philip Bavington, esq. In lord Oxford's time it 
belonged to " Mr Deodatus Threlkeld, Mr Ogle, and Mr Wilson :" b the first 
of whom, on account of his eldest son John marrying without his consent, 
disinherited him, and left his property here to his second son, who had to his 

u III. i. 208. v Id. i. 82. w See Wallis, ii. 306 and 473. * III. ii. 324. 

y III. ii. 264. z Id. 274. 

Thomas Ogle, of Tritlington, by his will, in 1374, left his lands there to his son James. (See 
Hebburn Miscel. No. 3.) George Ogle also occurs in a writ, as " late of London or of Tritling- 
ton," in 1628; and Thomas Ogle, of Tritlington, as plaintiff, in another writ, in 1629. In the 
same year, Martin Al bon, of the same place, was a juror at the assizes at Newcastle. (Swnb. 
MS. in. 54, 181J In 1768, William Ogle, esq. of Cawsey Park, for 1000, mortgaged lands 
here to Abraham Dixon, of Belford, and Collingwood Forster, of Alnwick. The SCHOOL HOUSE 
here consists of two rooms one to teach in, and one for the master ; was built by the freeholders 
of the township upon a piece of waste land the duke of Portland, for his share, contributing the 
roof : it stands in a pleasant garden, and is patronised by the duke of Portland, the rector of 
Bothal, Mr Sadler, and others. 

b Lord Oxford's property here at that time consisted of 438 acres, divided into four farms of 
100, 45, 186, and 104 acres a piece, besides two cottages, which had gardens attached to them. 
The township had also a moor in it, lately divided, consisting of 278 acres, to which also belonged 
the Shield-green, of 4 acres and 3 roods; and a parcel of ground, lying south of the Priest's 
Bridge, and containing 6 acres and 1 rood. " 1 724 : the moor now stands divided thus, quantity 


wife Anne Hunt, resided at Popham, in the county of Southampton, and in 
1784, sold all his property at Tritlington, in four lots one to Robert Smith, 
of Plessey, esq. ; another to Thomas Potts, the third to John Sadler, and the 
fourth to Thomas Davison. Mr Sadler purchased Mr Smith's share, which, 
with his own, contains 440 acres, 22 of which are in oak wood. Davison's 
belongs at present to Mr Joseph Tizack ; and that of Potts passed to John 
Forster, who went to the East Indies, and sold it to Mr John Appleby, of 
Sturton Grange, in the parish of Warkworth. 


COCKLE PARK township, including Blackderie House and croft, by the sur- 
vey in lord Oxford's time, contained 1157 acres, then occupied by George 

and quality duly considered : Lord Oxford's share is all on the north side from the division dyke, 
and contains 137 acres ; Mr Ogle, the east side of the post road, 23 acres j Mr Wilson, the west 


Milburn. Since that time, the farm house called Blubberymires has been 
built within it. The foregoing view of the house here is from the north- 
east corner, is nearly from the same point as that given by Grose, and 
shows the north and east fronts. The outside dimensions of the south front 
are about 54 feet, of the east 78. The oldest part of it is the tower, which 
projects about 9 feet from the other apartments, and has round corbuled tur- 
rets at the north-east and north-west corners : the corbules are also continued 
between the turrets, where they have supported a machicolated parapet. 
The south-east corner of this tower contains a circular stone staircase ; and, 
on its east front, is a large stone tablet, bearing the arms of Ogle quartering 
Bertram, with the usual crest and supporters of the lords Ogle, which show 
that no part of the present building is older than 1461, in which year sir 
Robert Ogle, knight, was advanced to the dignity of a peer of the realm. 
The upright tracery in the head of the great window in the north is also in 
the style of the fifteenth century. I do not know the meaning of the devices 
cut upon three stones in a course just above the armorial tablet : those at 
each corner are in relief, but much decayed : the middle one is, two trefoils, 
in intaglio. They are probably heraldic ; and, if they had been perfect, 
might have given some clue to the date of the building. Prior to the erection 
of the present building there may have been a manor house of some descrip- 
tion on the spot. " William of Cookperce" was one of the twelve English 
knights, appointed in 1241, to sit with twelve Scottish knights, to make laws 
for the regulation of the marches between the two kingdoms ; c and the Law- 
son copy of the aid granted to Henry the Third to knight his eldest son, 
makes " Cockelpke" one of the manors of the Bothal barony. But the cata- 
logue of fortresses in Northumberland, made in the beginning of the reign of 
Henry the Sixth, notices no tower or fortalice as existing here at that time. 
In my visit here, in 1810, I was told that Mr Brown, who was agent to the 

side of ditto, 45 acres ; Mr Threlkeld's lies east from Mr Ogle, and is 78 acres ; 6 acres for post 
road through Mr Wilson's total 289 acres. This moor, before the division, was enjoyed by 
stints, thus : Lord Oxford, for his farms 26f, for his mill 2, for his cottage 2 in all 30 \ : Mr 
Ogle 6|, Mr Wilson 6|, and Mr Threlkeld 20 total number of stints 64. N. B. The Royalty 
and the East Spring are reserved to the Right Honourable Edward Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, 
and the Right Honourable the Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holies, Countess of Oxford and Mor- 
timer." fJT. 659J 

c Leg. March, p. 2. 


duke of Portland, and brother to the celebrated Capability Brown, had heard 
an account that the southern part of the building had some 500 years ago 
been destroyed by fire. Such an event may have occurred ; but tradition is 
a great amplifier of time. Traces of arches of windows are certainly observ- 
able above the entrance, where some considerable repairs or enlargement of 
the building have been made. I was also at the same time assured by the 
farmer of the place, who was an intelligent and observant person, that the 
building had formerly extended further to the south, as strong underground 
foundations still testify ; but a stone which they showed me, bearing the arms 
of Ogle quartering Bertram, and said to be found in digging in the site of 
these demolished parts, proved that the building in which it had been placed 
could not be older than the time of the marriage of sir Robert de Ogle and 
Helen Bertram, though it might be much more recent. The windows, one 
above another, for three stories, on the east side, as given by Grose, were 
square headed, and divided into four lights, with mullions and transoms of 
stone, in the same way that the windows of six lights, now walled up, are on 
the west front. They are of the style of the sixteenth century, in the forty- 
third year of which sir Robert Ogle, among other possessions, by will, settled 
" Cockell Parke and tower" upon his wife Jeyne, with remainder after her 
death to his son Cuthbert, for life. d Prior to that time they had been in the 
occupancy of the lady Anne Ogle, mother of this sir Robert, who was slain in 
the battle of Ancrum Moor, a few days after making his will. The present 
windows of the south and east sides were put in about forty years since. A 
projection on the west side of the tower, which had small windows in it, fell 
in 1828, when the opening occasioned by the fall was filled up in a line with 
the rest of the wall ; and the mantle-piece of one of the two curious old chim- 
nies formerly in the tower, and cleverly decorated with dentils and mouldings, 
was inserted high up in the gap, on the outside, by way of curiosity and orna- 
ment. Regular occupancy as a farm-house has preserved this edifice from 
the fate that has befallen many of its kind from falling into ruin. Its situ- 
ation is very exposed ; but the prospect from it great, especially over the sea, 
Wallis does not seem to have visited it. Grose first brought it into notice : 
his drawing of it was taken in 1774. 

d II. i. 393, 





Sept. 20, 1723. From many orders registered as exe- 
cuted after this visitation, it is plain that the place had 
theft been in a very indifferent plight : the chapel and 
its pews were all new floored or flagged throughout, 
and " the porch at the west end built up and covered ;" 
and, August 19, 1731, the archdeacon further ordered 
" the new porch at the west end to be flagged and 
benched round for the use of such as have no seats, 
rails to be erected before the communion table, and the 
large grave-stone of the Ogles to be laid level with the 
rest of the floor near the altar." The seats in this cha- 
pel have been most of them re-built since my last vi- 
sitation. (Dr Thomas Sharpe.) Visited Dec. 9, 1763, 
and ordered among other things : " The four posts 
between the church and chancel to be boxed in with 
deal, so as to resemble pillars, and painted, and the 
cross boards at the top of them taken away. The two 
pillars under the gallery raised, set firm, and founded 
upon stone work. The bell new hung, and all the iron 
work at the top, and the gudgeon new. The west wall 
at the top to be reduced to half the thickness, &c. All 
heaps of earth or rubbish lying against the walls on the 
outside of the chapel to be removed, wherever it can be 
done without interfering with the graves." (Dr John 
Sharpe.) The rector of Both al maintains the chancel ; 
but as it is a chapelry with parochial limits, the parish- 
ioners pay no contributions to Bothal, upholding their 
own fabric, which they have done admirably ; for it is 
impossible to conceive a place of village worship in bet- 
ter condition. The clerk has 3d. a house and 6d. a farm, 
through the chapelry. (Archd. Singleton's Visit. Books.) 

2. THE PARISH REGISTERS commence in 1680. 
Joseph Barker occurs as CURATE here in 1577- At 
present it is served by the Rev. J. Fallowfield, M. A., 
Fellow of Peter-house, Cambridge, and some time se- 
cond master of Morpeth school, to whom I am indebted 
for his prompt and cheerful assistance in furnishing 
information respecting this chapelry. 

3. Thomas Ogle, of Tritlington, gent, by his will, 
dated 14 Dec. 1574, gave to James, his son, all his 
lands there, with remainder first to his son Martin, 
and secondly to his brother James. The will also men- 
tions Martin Fenwick, Matthew Ogle, and John Ogle, 
" my brethren," my wife Margaret; Agnes and Julian, 
my daughters. The testator desires the right hon. the 
lord Ogle to be good to his wife; leaves 10 to Mar- 

garet Mitford, for her marriage ; and appoints the said 
Lord, and John .Hedworth, of Harraton, esq. super- 

4 Extract from the will of Henry Ogle, esq. dated 
16 Dec. 1761 : " I give and devise unto my dear bro- 
ther William Ogle, esquire, and to his heirs and assigns 
for ever, all those my messuage, tenement, and farm- 
hold, with all its rights, members, and appurtenances, 
called Longdike ; and also all that messuage, tenement, 
and farmhold, called Ersdon-hill, with all its rights, 
members, and appurtenances (except that messuage, 
house, or tenement, intended by me for a school-house, 
and lately built on part thereof; and also that piece or 
parcel of ground adjoining to the said house, and now 
inclosed, containing two acres or thereabouts, be the 
same more or less) ; and also all those my messuages, 
lands, and tenements, with all their rights, members, 
and appurtenances, situate, lying, and being in the 
township of Tritlington ; and also all and every the 
great and petty tithes yearly or otherwise arising, &c. 
out of the parish of Longhorsley, &c." 

" I give and devise unto my trusty friends John 
Orde, of Morpath, esquire, and the Reverend John 
Coxon, clerk, and their heirs for ever, all that messu- 
age, house, or tenement, lately built on part of the 
lands and grounds of Ersdon-hill, and also the piece or 
parcell of ground thereto adjoining, and now inclosed, 
containing two acres or thereabouts, be the same more 
or less ; and also one annuity or yearly rent charge of 
fifteen pounds a year, issuing and to be paid out of the 
mossuage, lands, tenements, and tyths above, by me 
devised unto my said dear brother William Ogle, at 
two payments in the year, cleared and descharged of 
and from the payment of all taxes, sesses, and imposi- 
tions whatsoever : (to wit) Whitsuntide and Martin- 
mas, the first payment thereof to begin and to be made 
on such of the said feast days, or terms, as shall first 
happen next after my death and decease, upon this spe- 
cial trust and confidence, that they the said John Orde and 
John Coxon, and the surviver of them, and the heirs 
of such surviver, shall permit and suffer the person 
and persons that shall from time to time be appointed 
by my dear wife Ann Ogle, as a master to teach read- 
ing, and writing, and arithmetic, to thirty boys, or girls, 
belonging to the tenants, farmers, and servants, of such 
tenants or farmers of the estate of Cawsey Park only ; 
and, after the death and decease of my said dear wife 
Ann Ogle, by such person or persons as shall from time 



to time be owner and proprietor of the said estate of 
Cawsey Park ; TO HOLD, occupy, and possess the said 
mossuage, house, or tenement, with the said piece of 
ground therewith adjoining, without any payment of 
rent for the same : and also that the said John Orde, 
and John Coxon, and the surviver of them, and the 
heirs of such survivers shall, and do yearly, and every 
year, pay unto such person or persons, as shall from 
time to time be master of the said school, as aforesaid, 
the said annuity or yearly rent charge of 15 for his or 
their teaching thirty children, boys and girls, belonging 
to the said tenants, farmers, and servants, of the said 
estate of Cawsey Park, the said thirty children to be 
named and appointed by the said Ann Ogle, from time 
to time, during her life, and after her death, by the 
proprietors of Cawsey Park for the time being, as occa- 
sion shall happen, without any other payment to be had 
or made for the same. And my will and pleasure is, 
and 1 do hereby order and appoint, that if at any time 
it should happen that there were not so many children 
as thirty, belonging to the said tenants, farmers, and 
servants of the estate of Cawsey Park aforesaid, that 
then, and in that case, it shall be lawfull for my dear 
wife Ann Ogle, during her life, as often as that shall 
happen, to nominate and appoint any other children 
whom she shall think proper, to make up the number, 
so to be taught as aforesaid ; and after the death of 
my said dear wife, Ann Ogle, for the owner and pro- 
prietor of the said estate of Cawsey Park for the time 
being, to do the same, as often as it shall thereafter 
happen. And my further will and pleasure is, and I do 
hereby order, that no person whatsover or by whome- 
sover hereafter nominated, shall be capable of hold- 
ing and enjoying the benefit of the endowment of the 
said school, without he be a person that publicly pro- 
fesses the religion of the church of England as by law 
established, and continues so to do. And my will is, 
and I do hereby order and appoint, that after the first 
vacancy of the said intended school shall happen, either 
by the death of the master, or his being displaced and 
removed for incapacity to teach, or misdemeanour, or 
misbehaviour, either by my said dear wife, Ann Ogle, 
or after her death by the owner and proprietor of the said 
estate of Cawsey Park, for the time being, and she or 
they do not, on the application of my said trustees, or 
the surviver of them, .or the heirs of such surviver, 
made to them, within one month after, nominate and 
appoint another person to succeed ; then, and in that 

case, and whenever afterwards it may happen, it shall 
and may be lawfull for my said trustees, or the survi- 
ver of them, and the heirs of such survivers, to nomi- 
nate and appoint a master to such school as aforesaid. 
And my will is, and I do hereby order and appoint, that 
in case this devise made for the school as aforesaid 
should not (for want of the time limitted by law, or 
for any defect of the devising thereof) take effect, that 
then, and in that case, it is my will, and I do hereby 
order and appoint, that my said dear wife Ann Ogle, 
my executor hereinafter named, shall, within three 
months after it is known that this devise is ineffectual 
in law, and therefore be refused to be complyed with by 
the person to whom the estate charged therewith may 
by the devise thereof belong, pay into the hands of my 
said trustee, or the surviver of them, or the heirs of 
such survivers, the sum of three hundred and fifty 
pounds in trust, that they shall as soon as possible after 
lend the same out on the best security that can be got, 
and at the highest interest, and that they shall and do 
pay the yearly interest thereof to such master or masters 
as before mentioned, and intended under all the limita- 
tions, provisoes, and appointments abovementioned, and 
intended as an endowment for the said intended school. 
And my will is, that in case any of the said annuity or 
rent charges above by me given and devised shall be 
behind or unpaid by the space of or for thirty days 
next after either of the said feasts or days of payment 
whereon the same shall be due or payable as aforesaid, 
that then it shall and may be lawfull to and for them 
the said Mark Wallis (or on his death the said Ogle 
Wallis), John Bilton the older, Robert Grey and John 
Dixon, John Orde and John Coxon, or the surviver of 
them, or the heirs of such surviver, and every or any of 
them, to enter upon the said mossuages, lands, tene- 
ments, and tyths above hereby devised to my brother 
William Ogle, or any of them, and to destrain for their 
or any of their said annuities or rent charges so behind 
or unpaid, and the distress or distresses then and there 
found, to sell and dispose of for the payment of such 
annuities or rent charges so behind or unpaid, and all 
the arrears thereof, &c." 

" I give and bequeath unto my trusty friends, the 
said John Orde and John Coxon, the sum of twenty 
pounds, in trust, that they and the survivor of them, 
or the heirs of such survivors, shall and do from time to 
time repair and amend the school-house therewith as 
often as there shall be occasion so to do." 



" I give and bequeath unto the minister and chapel- 
wardens of the chapelry of Hebburn, for the time be- 
ing, the sum of =140, to be paid to them by my execu- 
tors, within the space of two months next after my 
decease, upon this especial trust and confidence, that 
they shall, as soon as may be, put out the said sum of 

140 upon the best security, and at the highest inte- 
rest ; and that such interest shall for ever hearafter, on 
Easter Monday, be distributed amongst the poor of the 
said chapelry of Hebburn, at the discretion of the mi- 
nister and chapelwardens of the said chapelry for the 
time being, &c." 

BOTHAL is called Bottle by the old people who live in and near it ; and 
that word, which enters into the composition of the names of numerous places 
in Britain, in the Anglo-Saxon language, means a village or mansion-house. 
In many languages, Bothal means, the house of God. Jacob called the pillar, 
which he set up after his dream, Bith-AMm, that is, the house of the Gods ; 
and the place where he set it up, Bith-Al, or the house of God. So likewise 
the antient Irish called a cram leac, or stone of adoration, a Both-al, from the 
words Both and Al, or Allah, which, in their language, as in Hebrew, signi- 
fies the house of God. In other languages, the Bethels were temples of the 
Sun. But though no " high place" could be more admirably adapted for 
building a temple upon than the knoll upon which Bothal stands, there is no 
trace or tradition of any place of religious worship having existed upon it 
prior to the Christian era. Northumberland, and the eastern stores of Eng- 
land, are indeed remarkably deficient in Celtic antiquities. Did our Saxon 
ancestors, when they butchered that antient race of men, or banished them 
from these parts, also destroy all traces of their religious groves and altars ? 
Many churches in Wales are built within Druidical circles. The erection of 
the church and castle here might indeed obliterate all appearance of former 
works upon so confined a spot as that upon which they stand. Besides the 
church and castle, the present village of Bothal consists of a few cottages 
having chimney tops of wicker-work, a school-house, ale-house, and certain 
farm premises. 

THE CHURCH is dedicated " to the honor of God and St Andrew the apos- 
tle." 6 This account is from the will of Robert lord Ogle, in 1543 ; but 
another statement says, that David Holgrave, and Helen Bertram his wife, in 
20 Richard II. made provisions for a chaplain in the chantry of the church of 
St John in Bothal. It stands about a bow-shot from the castle. Its nave, 
which has several steps down to it from the south, is 54 feet long, and 35 feet 

II. i. 393. 



wide, and consists of three aisles. That on the north has an old vestry taken 
off its north-west corner, and now converted into a hypocaust or furnace 
room, for a warm-air flue, which does not answer the purpose for which it was 
built. The remaining space of the north aisle has five small pointed arches, 
supported by four octagonal pillars, which have neat capitals : the brackets 
from which the two end arches spring out of the wall are clustered, and very 
neatly decorated. The antient door in the north wall, by which children 
entered the church when they came to be baptized, still occupies its place ; 
but its way in the inside is walled up. The east window of this aisle is of 
three lights, and pointed, and contains the Annunciation, and the arms of 
England and France quarterly, in coloured glass. The tracery of nearly all 
the other windows of the nave have also been bespangled with devices in 
coloured glass ; and the walls are hung with lozenge-shaped panels of wood, 
bearing texts of scripture. 


The south aisle is spanned with three pointed arches, supported by one 
square and one octagonal pier. Here, within iron rails, is an altar tomb of 
alabaster, on which are recumbent figures, in the same material, of a knight 
and his lady, supposed by Hutchinson to be the effigies of sir Robert Ogle and 
his wife the baroness Bertram. Fenwick, in his account of the Ogles, how- 
ever, says that this tomb " hath upon it the arms of Ralph, the third lord 
Ogle impaling the arms of Gascoyne, by which it appears to be his monu- 



ment." Hutchinson, together with a representation of the two effigies, gives 
an engraving of a shield at the head of the tomb, on account of the arms 
upon it being " so singular," and says that it is " supported on the dexter 
side by a lion collared and chained, and on the sinister side by a monkey 
chained by the waste." The knight has a plain cross of St George suspend- 
ed by a chain round his neck. The whole monument is much defaced by 
rude initials carved upon it. In the wall, at the foot of the tomb, is a bracket 
of stone, as if intended for a lamp, and bearing the Bertram arms. Near 
it, on a flat stone on the floor, is the following inscription, as given by Wallis/ 
but now nearly covered by pews : " Here lyeth Catharine, the wife of John 
Ogle, of Cawsey Park, esquire, daughter of Robert Woodrington, esquire, by 
Margaret his wife, which Margaret was sister to Robert the sixth, and to 
Cuthbert the seventh lord Ogle. She died May 23, 1609." On the floor, near 
the south door, is a coffin lid of stone, ornamented with a cross, a sword, and 
a shield charged with two piles. The burial place of the Crows, of Ashing- 
ton, was in this corner. The four windows in each of the north and south 
walls of the nave are square-headed, with neat tracery : one of them in the 
south has, in stained glass, a shield bearing a cross, which has an arrow dart- 
ing out of its base, and by its sides a sword and other devices, as on old tombs. 
This part of the building, especially on the south side, is much below the 
surface of the church yard. The chancel is 42 feet long by io feet wide ; has 
three lancet windows on the south, and two on the north. The east window 
is low, pointed, and of three lights, and of the same date as those in the nave, 
the side walls of which, and of the gable of the chancel, have been re-built 
sometime about the latter end of the fifteenth century, for they are in the 
style of that period ; and an entry in bishop Fox's Register shows, that in 
1496, the fruits of this living were sequestered to repair the ruinous and di- 
lapidated chancel of the church here, and the mansion-house of the rector. 
The pedigree of the seven lords Ogle, deduced from " Humphrey Ogle, g esq. 
who lived at Ogle Castle at the Conquest, and to whom William the Con- 
queror, by his deed without date, did confirm all his liberties and royalties of 
his manor and estate of Ogle, in as ample a manner as any of his ancestors 

f ll. 347. 

6 The name of Gilbert de Hoggel, who was son of Humphrey de Hoggel, occurs in the Pipe 
Roll of 16 Henry II. See m'ore respecting these persons, and when they lived, in II. i. 380, &c. 


enjoyed the same before the time of the Normans," has been long painted in 
black letter on the south \vall of the chancel, and was lately retouched and 
renewed. There are also three pointed niches and a stone basin in the south 
wall, within the altar rails. The bell turret has three openings, each furnish- 
ed with a single bell, only one of which is used at present. There is no 
manse or parsonage-house here ; the late rectors of this parish having made 
the manse of Ship wash their residence. But, in 1261, Roger Bertram gave 
to John Sylvester, rector of Bothal, and to his successors, that messuage, 
with the garden and croft appertaining to it, which his mother then possessed 
in dower, and which lay on both sides of Bothal-burn, in exchange for a 
messuage and croft which the said Sylvester enjoyed in right of his parsonage 
of the church of Bothal : and if either of them, or any one of their successors, 
presumed to infringe upon this convention, he should pay to the other party 
the sum of 100 for the labour and expence he had been at ; on which con- 
dition each party was at liberty to resume his former possessions. The 
school-house and dwelling-house for the master, which adjoin the church-yard, 
were built according to an order of lord Oxford's in 17&5. h Part of the 
revenues of this church were appropriated to the monastery ofTinmouth from 
a very early period. Robert Mowbray, who was earl of Northumberland in 
the beginning of the reign of William Rufus, gave the tithes of several pa- 
rishes in this county to that house, and amongst the rest those of Bothal, 
which plainly enough shows that he was at that time lord of this parish. 
Henry the First confirmed Mowbray's grant. But some misunderstanding 
seems to have risen respecting them about the latter part of the thirteenth 
century : for Richard Bertram the Second, who lived in the time of king 
John, confirmed to Tinmouth the two sheaves of corn which they had by the 
gift of his ancestors, and by his own concession, in his demesne lands in 
Bothal, in pure alms, and according to a settlement made between the 
churches ofTinmouth and Bothal, and sanctioned by judges appointed by the 
pope. 1 In 1291, this rectory was valued for the payment of first fruits and 
tenths at 37 a year ; and the portion of the prior of Tinmouth in the same, 
and out of the corn tithes of the lord's demesnes, at 1 a year. j According 
to Brand, the same house had tithes here at the time of the Dissolution, 14 

b See Misc. respecting Bothal Church, No. 6. l Id. No. 10. J III. i. 340. 
k History of Newcastle, ii. 109. 



when they were probahly granted by the crown to the Ogles, as Earsdon and 
some other parts of the parish are now tythe free. 

Of the parish of SHIPWASH, 1 its boundaries, and the ecclesiastical insti- 
tutions within it, little seems to be known. Its name does not occur in the 

1 Small ships can come as far up the river as the bridge here, a circumstance which might 
occasion the name of the place, a wash having the same signification as ford. The wash at Isling- 
ton will not be forgotten while the exploits of John Gilpin are remembered. Mention occurs in 
the Calendar of the Patent Rolls of a manor called Hyghaunton, near Shepeswashe, in the county 
of Devon. " Washum, in old Latin records, a shallow or fordable part of a river or arm of the sea, 
as the Washes in Lincolnshire."* (Philips.^ 


1. RECTORS OF SHIPWASU. William de Goldringes, 

William de Weremouth, 1379. 

William Weddel, chaplain, 1437 ; presented by John 
Bertram ; upon which, bishop Langley issued a com- 
mission de jure patronatus, but dying that year, the 
certificate of the jury does not appear in his register. 
(Hunter's MSS. 219.) 

Anthony Wake, presbyter, 30 Oct. 1544 : patron, the 
hon. sir Robert Ogle, knight, lord of Ogle and Bcthal. 

Alexander Bran, chaplain, 16 Jan. 1547, after the 
death of Wake : patron, the lord Ogle and Bothal. 

Thomas Ogle, clerk, 22 Jan. 1 555, after the depriva- 
tion of Bron : patron, Robert de Ogle, knight, lord of 
Ogle and Bothal. He was also, at the time of his 
death, vicar of Shilbottle. 

William Duxfield, clerk, 22 May, 1571, after the 
death of Ogle : patron, the right honourable sir Cuth- 
bert, lord of Ogle and Bothal. He was also vicar of 
Mitford in 1569, ofEllingham in 1579, and of Chilling, 
ham in 1586. 

Robert Copper thwaite, A. B., 3 July, 1587, after the 
resignation of Duxfield : patron, Cuthbert lord^Ogle. 
He was instituted vicar of Ellingham, April 7 5 1578. 

Henry Johnson, 6 July, 1615. He was the last rector 
of this place who had a separate induction to it. 

2. RECTORS OF BOTHAL. JWw Sylvester, in 1261, 
made an agreement with Roger Bertram, already no- 
ticed, respecting the manse of Bothal. 

Thomas Tutman, rector of Bothal, 37 Ed. I. 1363. 
(Ogle deeds, No. 25.; 

Sir Robert Ogle, knight, lord of Ogle and Bothal, 31 
July, 1528, granted to George Lawson, esq., Philip 
Lovel and Peter Mewtes, gents., and Wm Blythman, 
notary public, the next presentation to the rectory of 
Bothal, with one acre of the demainse land of the castle 

Cuthbert Ogle, clerk. 

William Heryson, clerk, 14 March, 1546, after the 
death of Cuth. Ogle, clerk : presented by Hen. VIII. on 
account of the minority of Robert Ogle, lord of Bothal. 

William Duxfield had institution to Bothal 4 Feb. 
1563, after the death of William Heryson, clerk, by 
Ralph Ogle, esq., of Alnwick, brother of Robert Ogle, 
late lord of Ogle and Bothal, deceased. 

Robert Coperthwaite, 25 Sep. 1578, after the depriva- 
tion of Duxfield : the right honourable Cuthbert lord 
of Ogle and Bothal, patron : who also presented, July 
3, 1587, the same incumbent to the rectory of Shipwash. 

Martin Dale, 1598. 

Henry Johnson, A. B., 20 Oct., 1609 : was also in- 
ducted to Shipwash, 6 July, 1615. Letters missive 
were decreed out of the ecclesiastical court of Durham 
against him, IsaacMarrow (rector of Elsden), and others, 
26 Jan., 1626, for rescuing Edward Hall from Thomas 
lliveley. Walker includes him in the list of parochial 
clergy, who were driven from their benefices for their 
loyalty during the time of the great Rebellion. 

John Thompson occurs as an intruder here. Calamy 
says, his sufferings for Non-conformity were very great. 
He was taken in the bishopric of Durham, and impri- 
soned in the common jail. This brought him into a 
dropsy, of which he died. He was a man of learning, 



list of livings within the county assessed to pay first fruits and tenths to th6 
crown in 1291. In the minutes of the institution of Alexander Brown in 

and an excellent preacher, of a very peaceable temper, 
and a moderate congregationalist. Brand, however, 
says, that though he was cast out of the parsonage of 
Bottle, he came to Newcastle, married a great fortune, 
and kept his coach. 


Prowse, M. A., 9 March, 1661 : patron, the marquis of 
Newcastle. Mr Prowse was also vicar of Long Benton, 
and buried in the church of Bothal, Jan. 3 or 4, 1667- 
(Long Benton Reg.) Walker says, he was " plun- 
dered, imprisoned, and in exile, for his loyalty in the 
great Rebellion." Dr Bazire, in his Acta Ecclesiastica, 
sometimes notices him as rector of this place, and in 
1666 has " Mr Prowse prisoner." (See that MS. p. 
21 # 22.; 

John Booth, Aug. 10, 1667, after the death of Prowse. 

Coates, 1678. He gave j10 to the use of the 

poor of this parish. 

John Pye, 1685. Three persons of the same name 
held the rectory of Morpeth in the times of Charles 
the First and Second. 

Christopher Stafford, clerk, in 1691, after the death of 
Pye. He gave .-10 to the poor, and 80 to the school, 
of Bothal. 

Hobson, 1730. 

Robert Hay Drummond, M. A., second son of George, 
seventh eail of Kinnoul, was presented to this living 
by the earl of Oxford about the year 1736. He was 
chaplain in ordinary to George II., whom he attended 
in his German campaign in 1743 ; became bishop of St 
Asaph in 1748 ; of Salisbury in 1761 ; and, in the same 
year, archbishop of York. His lordship also succeeded 
as heir by entail to the honors and estates of his great- 
grandfather William viscount of Strathallan. He died 
at Bishopthorpe, Dec. 10, 1776, aged 66 (See Doug, 
las's Peerage of Scotland, it. 51.; 

George Smalridge, M. A., May, 1761, on the transla- 
tion of bishop Drummond from St Asaph to Sarum, 
was presented to this living by the crown. Mr Smal- 
ridge was son of dean Smalridge, and grandson of Geo. 
Smalridge, who was consecrated bishop of Bristol in 

Luke Heslop, D. D., archdeacon of Bucks, was pre- 

sented by the duke of Portland, after the death of Mr 
Smalridge, in 1804; but resigned in 1810, on being 
presented to the rectory of Mary-le-Bone, in London. 

Edward Otter, M. A., sometime Fellow of Jesus Col- 
lege, Cambiidge ; prebendary of Ulleskelfe, in the 
cathedral church of York, in 1810; and inducted into 
this living March 15, in the same year, on the presenta- 
tion of the duke of Portland. While the public are 
highly indebted to Mr Otter for his able and judicious 
conduct as a magistrate, and for his great attention in 
the Savings Bank of Morpeth to the interests of the 
poor, I feel myself his grateful debtor for much in. 
formation I have received for my work, and much 
friendly attention shown to myself during my visits to 
his hospitable houses at Shipwash and Morpeth. 

4 The PATKONAGE of this living is in the duke of 
Portland, to whom it came by regular descent from the 
Bertrams. In 39 Edw. III. the advowson of Bothal 
was granted to Wm Nessfield, who had been escheator 
of Northumberland in 34 and 36 of the same reign. 
fill. M. 326, 328, 330. ) 

5. Bothal, in the king's books, is valued at ^25; 
Shipwash at 3 17s. Id. The yearly tenths for Ship- 
wash 7s. 8d. ; bishop's procurations 2s. ; and arch- 
deacon's 2s. 8d. For B6thal, according to Dr Robin- 
son's minutes, the archdeacon's procurations are 10s. at 
Easter, and 2s. at Michaelmas. 

6 The parish REGISTERS begin in 1678, and the 
following extracts are taken from them : " May the 
8th, being Saturday, 1725, the right noble and honour- 
able Edward earl of Oxford and Mortimer viewed his 
castle and church of Bothal ; his chaplain, and Mr Mor- 
ley^ with several other attendants and servants" accom- 
panying him. " His lordship then ordered a school- 
house and dwelling-house to be built for the master, 
and for the use of all schoolmasters that shall succeed 
the present schoolmaster." " Robert, son of the right 
honourable Robert lord Rutherford, of Ashington, chris- 
tened Nov. 3, 1709." 

7. The following inscription, in old English lower- 
case characters, is in the north aisle of the church : 

" Hie subjacit Anna uxor Wilson, quse dum vixit 

tarn nita pietate, quam moru probitate nullis ejusde 




1548, and of Thomas Ogle in 1555, it is called " the rectory of Shipwashe." 
Besides the church there was a hospital here, to the custody of which, bishop 

ordinis non praeluxit, extremumcj exhalens spiritum, 
manibus extesis et elevatis oculis, animam suam In ma- 
nus dni placide comendavit, secundo Aprilis, 1G12, anno 
aetatis suss 22." 

8. Extracts from minutes of PAROCHIAL VISITA- 
TIONS Visited 2 Sep. 1723. Bothal cum " Ship- 
wash," now worth =180. Dr Ellison remarks in his 
paper, that il, was once let for =200 p annum : is now 
worth more. Mr Hay this year values his living at 
280 f ann., and says it will be more. Benefactioits. 
The rev. Mr Coats, rector of Bothal, left to the use of 
the poor there, =10. A mortgage of -30 was given to 
the use of the poor : it is now in the hands of Mr Law- 
son, of Old-moor. There are 4s. p ann. paid by Robert 
Gardener to the poor. One Nicholas Reed hath also 
3 of the poor money. Mr Stafford left 10 to be 
distributed among the poor, 1736, which was done ac- 
cordingly. Mr John Lawson left =5, and Mr John 
Straker left =2 to the poor, 1734. The present lord 
Oxford hath built a school-house, and a house for 
the master, at his own charge, in Bothal, near the 
church yard ; and the Rev. Mr Stafford, rector there, 
by will, the last year, bequeathed =86, to be put out 
in interest by the archdeacon of Northumberland, the 
interest thereof to go to the master of .the said school 
for teaching eight scholars yearly. The sum is paid 
into my hand by the executors, 1737- The following 
books belong to the parish. Hyeronymi Opera, 4 vols. 
fol. Paris, 1602; Cypriani Opera, fol. Paris, 1603; 
Greg. Naziauzeni Opera, foL, 1571 ; Tertuliani 
Opera, Paris, 1598 ; Ambrosii Opera, 2 vols. fol. Paris, 
1603; Chrysostomi Opera, 2 vols. Paris, 158\ ; Augus- 
tini Opera, 3 vols. Paris, 1586; A. Bellarmini Op. 3 
vols. Lugduni, 1603. Visited Septemb. 20, 1723, and 
among several other " orders executed" are the fol- 
lowing : " The communion cup reduced to its first 
shape, boiled, and cleaned ; a flaggon and paten pro- 
vided for the communion." (Dr Thomas Sharpe.) Vi- 
sited July 23, 1764, when the following, among many 
other orders, were made : The cracked bell to 
cast, or a new bell of equal weight provided ; a new 
block to the little bell ; the great bell better fixed to 
its block. The oldest register (as rnuch of it as can be 
made out) to be transcribed into a parchment book, 

which, after having been collated with the original, 
must be attested by the minister and churchwardens 
to be a true copy. A larger window and higher door to 
the vestry, and the walls of it plastered. (Dr John 
Sharpe.) Visited June 2, 1826. This excellent rectory, 
the house of which is charmingly situated at " Ship- 
wash," is in the gift of the duke of Portland, and worth 
=1400 a year. The duke's estate in the parish, which 
extends westward to Cawsey Park, is now =13,000 
a year. The old church at Shipwash is entirely gone 
down : its font is in the rector's farm yard. The walk 
from Shipwash to Bothal is very beautiful. Every 
thing connected with the benefice seems prosperous, 
so that I had few orders to give ; but I begged them to 
look to their spouts, and to restore the old heraldic 
blazonry on the timbers of the roof, and to repair the 
only six remaining folios of the list of Fathers in Dr 
Sharpe's Book. The monument of the Bertrams, that 
of Aim ; Wilson, the Ogle pedigree on the wall, the 
painted glass in the windows, and the carved capital on 
the north side of the entrance into, the chancel, are all 
curious, and should be preserved. The school-house, 
mentioned by Dr Sharpe, is much improved. The 
whole of the benefactions amount to =40, and are in 
Mr Otter's hands, except the schoolmaster's .80, which 
is invested in Yarhaugh, in Elsdon parish, but strange 
to say, does not produce any thing like legal interest : 
this they have promised me to Ipok into. They have 
three bells, two of them not being in the best order. 
The glebe extends across the water into Bedlington- 
shire, but is deemed in Northumberland. There are 
very general moduses for hay in this parish. 4,000 
lental is available to the assessment of church rate for 
Bothal church. f^rcW. Singleton's Parochial Visitation 
Book. ) 

9. PRESENTMENTS. June 9, 1680. We have no 
terrier of the glebe. There is 23 bequeathed to the 
poor, and interest paid for the same, &c. fArchd. Sook, 
penes J. Bell., ) 

lO.-^Omnibus Richardns Bertram salutem Noveri- 
tis me pro salute animse inese et uxoris mete et ante- 
cessorum et heredum meorum confirmasse et conflrnian- 
do dedisse Deo et ecclesite sancti Oswini de Tyne- 

mutha, et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus duas 

'. I - 


Hatfield, 7 May, 1379, collated John de Newthorpe, of Pontefract, it being 
then vacant by the death of William del' Orchard, its last master and keeper. 
But no remains of either church or hospital are now to be seen here, except- 
ing the large and beautifully formed basin of a stone font, which is used as a 
trough for the cattle to drink out of in the fold yard of the rectory. The 
parsonage-house stands snugly and delightfully, and has the interest and 
beauty of its site very greatly enhanced by the winding and woody banks of 
the river, a fine old bridge of four arches, the mill of Shipwash, and the old 
mansion of the Bulmans, besides gardens, orchards, and shrubberies in 
" galant trim," and full of beauty and luxuriance. Spitals, such as the one 
wliich formerly existed here, were founded for the benefit pf travellers, very 
commonly at the ends of bridges, or by dangerous washes or fords, or in 
passes in mountains. 

BOTHAL CASTLE stands on the north side of the Wansbeck, between tfte 
meetings of that river and Bothal-burn. Its site is an oblong knoll, the as- 
cent to the plain of which rises rather abruptly from the river, and on the 
east and west, but on the north sweeps gently off from the gateway to the vil- 
lage. The prospect from it extends about half a mile up and down tjie river, 
and very much resembles, in richness and variety, the charming scenery about 
the castle of the Bertrams, barons of Mitfqrd ; for the view from the castle Jiere 
is confined on every side with river banks and rising grounds, but has wittyin it 
woods and meadows and arable lands river-laved, and of great fertility, be- 
sides orchards and gardens that only wait for the profits of the barony being 
again employed in bidding the vivifying voice of hospitality be heard within 
the castle walls, to make them as exuberant in " all kind of herbs and 
flowers," and fruits, and " licorice very fine," as they were in the days of 
Cuthbert lord Ogle and of good queen Bess. . Grose, who had great opportu- 
nities of forming a good judgement in these matters, says, that "the banks 
of the Wansbeck, between this place and Morpeth, afford a variety of Sylvan 
scenes, equal in beauty to any in the kingdom." The castle walls run round 
. ' . i 

finitiva et sigillis roborata. Et ut haec mea confirmatio 
et donatio stabiles in perpetuum preseverent, eas sigilli 
mei appositione roboravi. Hiis testibus dominis Ilogerb 

garbas quas habent ex dono antecessorum meorum, et 
in praesenti ex me de dominicis meis de Bothall libere 
percipiendas, et sicut puram elemosinam nostram paci- 
fice in perpetuum possidendas sicut continetur in trans- 
actione inter ecclesiam de Tynemutha et ecclesiam de 
Bothall super eisdem decimis confecta, et per judices a 
domino papa delegates formata, et eorum sententia de- 

Bertram . Roberto de Wicestre . Thoma de Oggell . 
Daniele xle Novocastro . Waltero GrafFard . Simone 
de Tinemutha . Jbrdano de Bacwort . lladulpho de 
Morton . et multis aliis. (Dug. Mon. 2 ed.) 


the brow of the Oval hill on which it stands, and enclose perhaps a little less 
than half an acre. They have heen lofty, and strengthened with buttresses and 
towers ; but at present are much broken and ruinous. " Sempervives, ivy, 
wall-flowers, also feverfew, pellitory of the wall, and the sambucus or flowering 
elder" still grow upon them as in Wallis's time. The area within them, and 
the slope to their west side, are usefully occupied as gardens and orchards, 
the tenant of which lives on the ground floor of the great gateway, which has 
the entrances to it on both sides narrowed to the width of a common door, 
and that on the north covered by a porch of common walling, and roofed 
with red tile. This gateway has been the best and strongest, and is still the 
most perfect part of the whole fortress. But almost all the walls of the large 
suit of buildings which projected to the west of it, and the whole of the Ogle 
tower to the north-west of it, have disappeared. I will endeavour to blend 
my remaining observations on this place with its history and former descrip- 
tions of it, and with some additional notices respecting its antient proprietors. 
The Testa de Neville expressly states that the barony of Bywell was given to 
the Balliol family by William Rufus, and other authorities show that Guy de 
Balliol assisted in that reign in putting down the rebellion of Mowbray, earl 
of Northumberland, for which he was rewarded with large possessions about 
Barnard Castle, and other places on the northern banks of the Tees. We 
know that all Mowbray's estates were confiscated at that time, and have seen 
some reason for believing that Bothal was one of them. Possibly it was granted 
by Rufus to Reynold Gisulph, whose grand-daughter is said to have carried it 
by marriage to the Bertrams. But I think it more probable that Richard Ber- 
tram's title to it originated in some grant of it with Bywell and Woodhorn, by 
Rufus to his grand-father Guy de Balliol, or to his father Wm Bertram, from 
one of whom he had it as a gift. The Pipe Roll of 7 Richard I. calls this 
Richard, uncle of Wm Bertram II. lord of Mitford, which establishes the rela- 
tionship of the two families. He was probably dead in 10 Richard I. ; for in 
that year, and 2 John, his son Robert is returned by the sheriff as owing 
three marks to the crown for having recognizance of seven carucates of land 
in Longhurst ; and Grose, but on what authority he does riot state, says that 
this Robert obtained of king Richard I., that his manor of Bothal, with its 
dependencies, should be raised to a barony, under which denomination the 
Testa de Neville, compiled about 1219, and numerous other documents, 


constantly notice it. m The first mention I have seen of any place of residence 
which the Bertrams had here, is in the licence which sir Robert de Ogle, in 
1343, obtained from Edward the Third to kernellate his manse at Bothal." 
Several similar licences were granted about the same period ; and in that to 
Thomas de Heton for fortifying Chillingham, the term " to kernellate his 
manse," seems to be explained by the additional expression, " and to make a 
castle or fortalice of it." That the great tower of Bothal was built by Robert 
Bertram, in the time of Edward the Third, is, I think, plain, by the arms of 
England and France, as used by that monarch, being carved in its battle- 
ments, to show that it was erected by royal authority. Hutchinson supposes 
the three lions to the right of the royal arms to be also those of England, and 
the shield on the left that of the Grays; and consequently " to denote that the 
erection was made in the time of Edward the Fourth, whose consort was a 
Gray, mother of Thomas Gray, who, in the fifteenth year of that reign, was 
created marquis of Dorset." And, in another place, the same author, speak- 
ing of the arms in the western tower, observes : " I am induced to believe 
that John Ogle, the grandson of the heiress of Bertram, and who assumed 
the name of Bertram, erected this gate-way." These two inferences are, 
however, at variance with each other, and with facts. Sir John Bertram 
died long before the time of Edward the Fourth ; and the arms here described 
as on the right and left of the royal arms are certainly neither those of 
England nor of Gray. The coat of Ogle, however, in the display of thir- 
teen armorial insignia in the front of this tower, certainly leads to the belief 
that it was built after the alliance of the Bertrams with that illustrious 
family. Some of the shields might belong to families who sent assistance to 
build it : most of them, I apprehend, are the coats of families with whom the 
Bertrams had allied themselves by marriage prior to the time of Edward the 
Third ; but their pedigree furnishing none of these alliances but one, and 
the want of colours in the arms, render it very difficult to determine to what 
families several of them belong. Still, however, it cannot be supposed that 
the barons of Bothal, prior to 1343, lived in a manse wholly unfortified. 

Robert Bertram, who had licence to castellate it, is stated to have died seized 


m See III. i. 233. n III. ii. 371. 

In 14 Edw. III. for Blencansop on the march of Scotland ; in the next year for Ethal, Wid- 
drington, and Barmoor ; 17 Edw. III. for Bothal; and 18 of same reign for Chillingham. 


of the " castle of Bothal ;" and, in 1363, when his estates, by virtue of the mar- 
riage with his only daughter and heir, Helen Bertram, with Robert Ogle, 
esq. went to his grandson sir Robert Ogle, knight, who entailed them upon 
his second son John, who took the name of Bertram ; and, at his father's 
death, on the eve of All-hallows day, 1410, entered upon the castle and ma- 
nor of Bothal, and continued in the peaceable possession of them, till a late 
homv-^about midnight, on the following day, when his elder brother Robert, 
probably stung with envy and indignation in seeing so large a proportion of 
his father's inheritance taken from him by entail, having with him an armed 
band of 200 men, probably selected and retained for the purpose, came to 
the castle of Bothal ; arid finding that he could not succeed in taking it by 
stratagem, invested it, and by the aid of scaling ladders, pavises, hurdises, and 
other ordnance of war, after a siege of four days, took it by assault ; and 
forceable possession of it retained, till upon petition of John Bertram to the 
king in parliament, the sheriff of the county had orders to dispossess him of 
it and its appendant possessions, and restore them to his brother. 15 Cuthbert 
lord Ogle, in 1628, paid 20 into the exchequer as due to the crown out of 
the issues of the castle and manor, with its appurtenances in Bothal, Pegs- 
worth, and Earsdon. q The views of the castles of Bothal and Ogle in the 
duke of Newcastle's Horsemanship, are entirely fictitious. That of Bothal, 
drawn and published by S, and N. Buck, in 1728, r is a north view, and shows 
the state of the wall on the east at that time, and of two towers, and several 
other buildings to the west, nothing of which but bare fragments of walls now 
remain. Grose, in 1773, describes the remains of it as consisting " of the 
great gateway, flanked on the north side by two polygonal towers 53 feet 
high ; and, on the south-west angle, by a square turret, whose height mea- 
sures 60 feet. 5 Adjoining to this gate are some outer- walls, enclosing an area 
of an irregular figure, measuring about a quarter of an acre, within which 
are some scattered fragments of the inner apartments. Over the centre of 
the gate, on the north side, is an escutcheon of the arms of England, with 

P See under the article " Miscellanea respecting Bothal parish, No. 3," the accounts of these 
proceedings translated at length from the Records of them in the Rolls of Parliament. 

i Swinb. MS. iii. 293. 

r This view, on account of the minuteness and apparent accuracy of its details, will be always 
interesting. Even the bearings on many of the shields above the gateway are correctly delineated. 

The present actual height of the body of the great gateway tower, to the top of its battlements, 
is 41 feet; and of the turret, at its south-west angle, 58 feet. 


six others, three on each side ; and on the north-east face of the westernmost 
tower are four more, all supposed" by Wallis "to be those of the antient 
barons, its former proprietors.' On the easternmost tower is only one escut- 

1 1 have seen no accurate account of these arms ; nor am I able to give a satisfactory reason for 
their being put up here, or to what family each of them belonged. They are arranged in three 
series : the first three being on the three parapets immediately above the gateway ; the second, 
which consists of seven shields, follows under a string immediately below the first ; and the third 
is at the same height as the second, and as Grose has stated, on the north-east face of the western 
tower. They are cut in stone, and on that account want their colours, which renders it more 
difficult to say to what families they belong. Their order is as follows : 

1 . Three lions passant gardant within a bordure bezantie. 

2. The arms of England and France, the three lions of England being in the first dexter quar- 
ter, as on the tomb of Edward the Third, who granted the licence to eastellate the manor house 
here (See Tindal's Rapin.) 

3. Two bars in chief two harts or bezants : which is the coat of Carnaby. 

4. A plain cross. John de Copeland, who captured David king of Scotland at the battle of 
Neville's Cross, bore Argent a cross sable. 

5. Barry of six, three chaplets. This is unquestionably the arms of Greystock, who were lords 
of Morpeth, from the time of Wm lord Greystock, who married Mary the elder of the two co-heirs 
of Roger de Merlay, baron of Morpeth, and died in 1265. 

6. A lion rampant. The shield of the Percys of Alnwick was Or, a lion rampant azure. 
Edmondson says, that a family of the name of Bertram bore, or, a lion rampant, vert ; but I appre- 
hend that this was the coat of the lady represented in alabaster in Bothal church, as the second 
quarter of the shield on her tomb is occupied by a lion rampant. 

7. This, which is the centre shield in the second series, is an orle : which, as has been before 
shewn, is the bearing of the Bertrams, and of their ancestors the Balliols. 

8. Three cinquefoils and nine cross croslets. This was the coat of the Darcys, who had con- 
siderable property in Northumberland, obtained by the match between John Darcy, of Kynauth, 
and Emelina, daughter and co-heir of Walter Heron, of Hadston. This John Darcy died 30 
Edw. III. possessed of Hadston, Wooler, and Belford. (Dug. Bar. i. 372.) 

9. A maunch which the Conyers family bore, who, at an early period, were proprietors of 
lands in the barony of Morpeth, and other places in this county. (III. ii. 70.} 

10. Two lions passant within a trpssure the arms of Felton which may be here inserted on 
account of Robert Bertram, who built Bothal Castle, having married to one wife Margaret, who, 
in the Escheat, 42 Edw. III. No. 23, is described as daughter and heir of Constance, wife of 
William de Felton, and was married in 2 Edw. III. 

1 1 . Ermine two bars, which was the coat both of Delaval and Mauduit. 

12. Ermine a saltier. 

13. Three horses' heads couped and bridled the arms of Horsley, of Longhorsley. 

14. Three crescents between six cross croslels, which is the bearing on the shield of John de 
Ogle, attached in Dodsworth's copy, to the deeds printed in II. i. 389, 7 e, and If. 



cheon. North-west of the building, was formerly another tower, pulled down 
within the memory of a person yet living : part of its walls now support a 
cottage. Much of this venerable ruin has, as it is said, been demolished for 
the sake of its materials. The south front of this gate is beautifully mantled 
with ivy. In one of the towers is a staircase, leading into the different stories 
into which the building is divided. On the first, an elder tree has taken root 
in the rubbish, between the ribs of the gate. On the top of the westernmost 
tower, there is also a small ash tree, which grows from between the chasms 
in the wall. Here, overlooking the battlements are two figures, one over the 
gate, the other on the north-west tower ; but so defaced by time and weather 
as to render it impossible to distinguish what they were intended to represent. 
The groove for the portcullis is still visible." One of the figures over the 
gateway is in the attitude of sounding a horn, the other of lifting a large 
stone as if he was intending to cast it over the battlements, a sort of watch 
that might be useful in scaring strangers away in the night. 





The following " descriptions of the gateway, with its towers," by Hutchin- 
son ; arid the annexed plans No. 1, of its ground floor, and No. 2, of its 
second floor, for communicating which I am indebted to Mr Lawson, of 
Longhurst ; together Avith the survey in 1596, given in the Miscellanea, No. 2, 
respecting this parish, will convey to the reader an accurate notion of these 
interesting remains of castellated architecture : " The architecture is excel- 
lent, and the edifice built of a durable stone, well dressed, and in good pre- 
servation. The ascent from the town is easy and gradual. The outward 
gate was defended by a portcullis. In the arching of the roof of the gateway 
are three square apertures, from whence the garrison could annoy the assail- 
ants when they had gained the first gate. A door on each hand leads to the 
flanking towers. On the right hand, is a passage and a staircase in the south- 
west tower. At the foot of the stairs, is a door into the prison, which is not so 
horrible an enclosure as most of those seen in baronial castles. It is above 
ground, and closely arched, having narrow apertures, like loop-holes, to admit 
light and air from the gateway passage. Opposite to these stairs, on the 
other side of the gateway, is a large hall. Passing the winding stairs, we 
entered the state-room, above the gateway. This apartment is lighted by four 
windows, none of them of any considerable size : the principal one is to the 
north, in the centre. By means of the thickness of the wall, the recess formed 
for the window is benched with stone at the sides, with seats for six persons 
at least. From this window you view the town, the church, and the narrow 
vale through which the river flows. On each side of this window, is a door 
leading to the chambers of the flanking towers. The fire place of a very 
spacious range, is to the east, on the left side of which is another window 
with a recess, benched like that before described. A third window, like the 
two former, is to the right of the door as you enter, looking into the area of 
the castle ; a large window to the west commands the wider part of the vale, 
and the fine hanging woods by which it is bounded. Three large stones cover 
the apertures in the floor, which open upon the passage of the gateway. The 
upper rooms being more ruinous, are not so easy to describe, or their form 
capable of being ascertained. I walked these apartments with a veneration 
proceeding from the tenderest obligations an alliance with a lineal descend- 
ant of those illustrious families, who, for ages, possessed this inheritance."" 

u The manor of Bo thai, by the survey of it in lord Oxford's time, consisted of five farms, in- 


The new chapel, which was dedicated to Our Lady, stands in the township 
of Pegsworth, on the northern margin of the Wansbeck, about three-quarters 
of a mile above Bothal. It is in a delightful solitude, where the river banks 
approach near to each other, and are deeply over-shadowed with oak, and 
other forest trees, which make it, to use the words of Grose, " a spot admi- 
rably calculated for meditation." The arms which Grose found " reversed, 
owing to the ignorance of a mason who was employed to re-place it, it having 
fallen down," are now preserved in the garden within the walls of Bothal 
Castle. They are those of Ogle and Bertram quartering Kirkby, and show 
that this chapel was built in the time of Robert the first lord Ogle, who mar- 
ried Isabella, daughter and heir of Alexander Kirkby, of Kirkby Irelyth, in 
Lancashire. This sacred edifice was only 24 feet by 14 feet within. Its walls 
and roof were " built of well-wrought freestone," but very little of it remains 
at present. Its destruction seems to have been effected principally by roots 
of trees insinuating themselves into its roof and walls. Wallis (from Randal) 
indeed says, it was hardly visible in his time for trees, which had taken root 
in its very foundations. Speed marks its site on his map, and calls it New- 
chapel ; and, before him, Dr Turner, the venerable father of English botany, 
who was a native of Morpeth, speaking of orobanche, says it is " so rare an 
herbe in Englande that I never saw it in all Englande but in Northumber- 
land, where it is called Newchapel flower," v probably on account of a species 

eluding the glebe land, the names and contents of which farms were as follow: 1. The Castle 
farm, in all 125 acres, of which the Park bank contained 17 in wood ; the Orchard 3 ac. 1 ro. 20 
p. ; the West Garden, a meadow of seven acres, and the castle and house 75 perches. 2. The 
Park* farm 206 acres, and in which was a field called Deer's Bush. 3. The Riding farm, nearly 
70 acres, having its name from having been assarted or ridded of wood. 4. Bothal Barns farm, 
237 ac. 2 r. 6 p. 5. The Glebe land belonging to the rector of Bothal, 101 ac. 3 r. 39 p. The 
parish SCHOOL OF BOTHAL adjoins the church yard, and was built by lord Oxford, in 1735. The 
door-way into it, which has a head formed of two corbules and a short lintel above them, has 
probably been taken out of some of the oldest parts of the castle. Teaching here is conducted on 
the Madras system, and the school is generally attended by about 60 or 70 scholars. Its sources 
of endowment have been already mentioned. 

v Names of Herbs, &c. in 1548. 

* The word park is, perhaps, originally from the Latin word parco, I keep or spare, or preserve ; and means 
an inclosed place, which is kept or preserved by a wall or hedge from being encroached upon by the cattle of 
persons to whom it did not belong. Our haighs, hags, and haining*, have also their name from being hedged 
round or fiained, which last word means preserved from cattle. 


of that genus of plants growing on the banks near this chapel. The lovely 
sylvan plant, called round-leaved winter green (Pyrola rotundifolia), also 
grows plentifully under the oaks here. 

LONGHURST, in antient documents, is most commonly written Langhurst, 
or Langhirst. It stands on the Bothal burn, on the roads from Morpeth to 
Newbiggen, Cresswell, and Warkworth. The whole township contains about 
1500 acres, of which, lord Oxford, in 17^7, had 861 acres, 2 roods, and 21 
perches. Robert Bertram is returned in the Pipe Rolls for 10 Richard I. 
and 2 John, as owing three marks to the crown for a recognizance of seven 
carucates of land in " Langhurst" About that time, but by a deed without 
date, Robert Bertram gave to Hugh de Morwick, in free marriage with his 

sister Aelina, certain lands and services in Ashington, and lands in and 

Pendmoor, which his charter describes as contained within the following 
boundaries, viz. : by the old dike which stretches between the tillage lands 

of Hebre and Langhirst to the wastell which is between moor extending 

eastward, and so the whole plain as far as the place where Baln-we-sic goes 

out of the wood towards the south with the whole wood up to the 

boundaries between Langhirst and Hulcham, and again as between 

Langhirst and Peggeswrthe Colehale, and also between Langhirst and 

Bothale, as the Fisherway goes to the east, except the culture which was 
called Threpfurlangs, which was then the lord's demesne land of Bothal. 
Also he gave him the service of Essindene to hold in the same manner as his 
father Richard Bertram possessed it. Also ground to build a village upon in 
Pendmoor, by the boundaries which he set out in the perambulation which 
he and his men made when he gave seizin in it to the said Hugh. w The 
original of this grant, from the number of blanks in the abstract, was plainly 
in a mutilated state when Dodsworth copied it at Ay den Castle, in 1638 ; 
but, though the name of the place in which the principal portion of the lands 
it conveyed be wanting, there can be no doubt, from the description of their 
boundaries, that they were the moiety of Langhurst, which Hugh de Morwick 
is mentioned as holding by foreign service in 1240. This last Hugh left 
four daughters, among whom his estate was divided, after his death, in 1269. 
Sybill, the eldest of them, married sir Roger de Lumley, of Lumley, in the 
bishopric of Durham, at whose death she re-married to Laurence de Sey- 

w See Bothal Miscel. No. 4. 


mour ; Theophania, the second, married John de Bulmer ; Beatrix, the third, 
became the wife of John de Roseles ; and Margery, the fourth, was a nun in 
the priory " Sanctse Trinitatis de Bosco," and conferred her share of her 
father and mother's inheritance upon her sister Sybill and her husband,* 
whose descendant, sir John de Lumley, 6 Rich. II. died seized of eight hus- 
bandlands and eight acres of ground here ; besides forty acres of land, and 
two husbandlands and two cottages in Aldmoor, which possessions were pro- 
bably the lands in " Langeherst and Auldmore," of which sir Thomas, son 
and heir of Ralph de Lumley died in the enjoyment, in 1418. y One of the 
family of Fitz-Hugh also died possessed of lands in " Langehirste and Aid- 
more," in 10 Richard II. ; and another, in 1453, not only of lands in the 
same places, but in Long Benton, Little Benton, and Hallywell, which are 
not reckoned in prior inquisitions as parcels of the estate of the descendants 
of Hugh de Morwick. How the Fitz-Hughs became proprietors in this place 
I am unable to state ; nor am I able to trace the course by which either that 
family or the Lumleys conveyed their possessions here unto other hands. 2 A 
branch of the family of the Lawsons of Cramlington were seated in this parish 
about the middle of the sixteenth century, and probably about that time be- 
came purchasers of certain parcels of the divided inheritance of Aelina de 
Bertram. William Lawson, 33 Henry VI., with William Bertram, Robert 
Raymes, and Robert Mitford, esquires, had power of attorney from sir Robert 
Ogle, knight, to put his brother John Ogle into possession of North Middle- 
ton for life. 3 John Lawson, of Pegsworth, 10 Jan. 1542, by will, bequeathed 
his body to be " buried in the church of Bothal St Andrew ;" mentioned his 
children, but none of their names ; and appointed Robert Lawson, of Long- 
hurst, one of his executors. 15 John Lawson, gentleman, a tenant of the manor 
of Bothal, in 1576, was appointed by Cuthbert lord Ogle one of the commis- 
sioners for making the survey of the barony of Bothal, which bears that date. c 
Besides which, I have met with other scattered notices respecting the Law- 

x See under Morwick and Chevington. y III. ii. 253, 264. 

z Thomas lord Lumley and John Esh, esquire, in 1463, had a grant from Thomas of Wood- 
burn, of the manor of Tritlington, and a piece of land near that place, called Todhole, together 
with a messuage, four acres of land, five waste burgages, and an acre of meadow ground called 
Kynfen, in Newbiggingj three acres of land in Hirst; a toft, croft, and six acres of land in Hors- 
ley ; and a third of a husbandland in Earsdon (See Bothal Miscel. No. 6.J 

Hutch, ii. 310. b Raine's Test. 414. c Bothal Miscel. No. 2. 


sons, of Longhurst ; but, for want of documentary evidence, have been unable 
to carry their pedigree in a connected line to a higher date than the com- 
mencement of the seventeenth century. Some further notices respecting 
Longhurst are given in the Miscellanea respecting this parish, No. 7- 


[The family of Lawson has been long and extensively spread aver the counties of Northumberland, Durham, Yorkshire, 
and Cumberland ; and printed accounts of different houses of it are given In Wallis's Northumberland, 11. 141, 249, 260, 251, 
271 ; Surtees's Durham, i. 53, 61 ,11. 47, and ill. 264 ; Thorsby's Leeds, 249, where they are derived from John Lawson, 
of Fawkesgrave, in Yorkshire, who lived in the time of Henry the Third. See also Burn's Cumberland, 11. 95 ; H utcbinson's 
Cumb. ii. 241 ; and the different Baronetages. John Lawson, 41 Edw. III. was a witness to a deed of Robert de Insula, 
dated at Newton, in the parish of Bywell (Hart. MS. 2101, /oi. 245, b) ; also a juror at Corbrldge, after the death of Walter 
de Tindall, in 3 Richard II. (L. 3, 7. See Wallis, ii. 341) ; and John Lawson, jun. occurs as witness to a deed of Walter de 
Tindall, dated at Devileston, In 1374. (Id. 105.) Several Lawsons occur as tenants In different parts of the barony of 
Bywell, in 1626 ; and a pedigree of the Lawsons, of Brough-hall, seats the ancestors of that family at " Bur well and Aling- 
dale, in Northumberland," before they married the heiress of Cramlington, and settled there prior to 1461, in which year, 
Agnes, the daughter and sole heir of sir William Cramlington, and wife of Thomas Lawson, is stated to have died. Sir Ralph 
Lawson, of Cramlingtoii, who was one of the supervisors of the will of Robert Lawson, of Longhurst, as stated in Gen. I. of 
the following pedigree, was created a knight by James the First, and married Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of Roger 
Brough, of Brough-hall, in Yorkshire. ] 

I. ROBERT LAWSON, of Longhurst, by will, dated 25 July, 1610, leaves his body to be burled in the parish church 
Bothal ; and the farmhold in which he dwelt, to his eldest son Robert, and his heirs ; to his second son William, and his 
heirs, the fann which he (William) then occupied ; mentions his two youngest sons, Thomas and Henry ; his wife's sister, 
Anne Gray ; and Isabel Lawson, daughter of his son Robert ; and appoints sir Ralph Lawson, knight, and Thomas Ogle, of 
Eslington, supervisors of his will. The inventory to his goods is dated 4 March, 1611. (Raine's Tett. 341.) 

T I T 

in her husband's & her Longhurst, mentioned the Old-moor, mention- CATHARINE his wife, 

son Roger's wills. 

in his father's will. 

of Longhurst. In his will, 
dated Jan. 1, 1632, direct- 
ed his body to be burled in 
Bothal church, and men- 
tioned his eldest son \\ in, 
his sons Roger and Thomas, and his daughter Catharine and 
her husband Anthonie Sotherine, nnd appointed Margaret his 
wife sole executrix. Proved 1632. (Jlaine'i Test. 509.) 

ed in his nephew Roger mentioned in Ills nph. 
Lawson's will, 8 April, Roger Lawson's will, 
1651, as having three sons. & as having issue then 
living Henry, William, 

and Robert Lawson, Judith Gray, and Anne, Mary, # Esther Law- 
son. He was a merchant and alderman of Newcastle, and 
sheriff of that town in 1636. Robert, his youngest son, in 
1651, was married, and had a daughter Frances. 


Longhurst, gent, and Marga- 
ret his wife, purchased, 23 
Feb. 1652, of John Thomp- 
son, of Pegsworth, clerk, and 
Catharine his wife, 2 farm- 
holds in Oid-meor ; and he 
and his wife, in Easter term. 
1653, had a fine from Thomp- 
son and his wife of the lands 
comprised in the above pur- 
chase. ( Old-moor deeds. ) Be- 
fore which time, viz. 8 April, 
1651, his brother Roger left 
rest, after his wife Isabell's dei 
the Custom-house, in Newcas 


= MARGARET She and 
her husband mentioned in 
the will of their brother 
Roger, 8 Ap. 1(>51. During 
her widowhood, & before 
she married Anthony Mit- 
ford, she purchased a mes- 
suage or farmhold in Old- 
moor, of Ralph Bates, esq. 
of Hally well, the deeds foi 
which are dated 28 July, 


Margaret his wife, late Newcastle, by his 
widow of Win Lawson, will, dated 8 April, 
of Longhurst, deceased, 1651, directs his bo- 
and Thos. Lawson, of dy to be buried in 
Longhurst, gent, eldest the church of St. 
son and heir of the said Nicholas, Newcas- 
Wm and Margaret, for tie. He was mar- 
natural love and affec- ried, and his wife's 
tion, in Oct. 1675* con- name ISA HKLL. 
veyed to John Lawson, (See Bothal Miscel. 
of the Old-moor, gent. No. 6.) 
second son of the said 
Wm and Margaret, two farmholds in Old- 
moor. This Anthony Mitford was dead Nov. 
29, 1H79, when his wid. Margaret executed 
a deed of lease and release of premises in Old- 
moor, to her 2nd son John. (Old-moor deeds.) 

married, firstly, to 
Anth. Sotherine, by 
whom she had a son 
Thomas, and a daur. 
Mary; and, 2ndly, to 
Robert Preston, of 
Newcastle, plumber, 
who was living 8 
April, 1651. 
JANE, wife of " Wm 
Dawson, of Camoise," 
living, & had issue, 
8 April, 1651. 
ISABELL, mentioned 
in her grandfather's 

him a reversionary inte- 
ith, in his house, adjoining 

IV. THOMAS LAWSON, JOHN LAWSON, of Longhurst. in pursuance of^BARBARA COOK, daur. of Edward ELIZABETH and 

eldest son and heir, had the deeds of 1675 and 1679, entered upon Old- j Cook, of Amble New-hall ; bap. in ISABELL, both 

a legacy of 4200 by his moor. Married Dec. 4, 1679. Will dated 30 } 1660. This Edw. Cook was pro- living 8 April, 

uncle Roger's will. March, 1731 ; mentions his wife Barbara, and 1 genitor of the Cooks, of Newton- 165K 
marriage jointure secured to her 9 Jan. 1671. | on-the-Moor. 





Issue of John Lawson, of Longhurst, 
and Barbara Cook. 

I 1 

eldest son, bora May 21, 
1684 ; mar. Dec. 29, 1722. 
Had, by his father's will, 
lands in Longhurst. Will 
dated July 21, 1756. He 
died Mar. 1, 1769, aged 85. 


Robt. Carnaby of Fulwell, born March 6, 1686. 
conn. Durham. Marriage 
settlement dated 22 Dec. 

I I ' I ' t 'I I 

1. MARGARET, born Feb. 9, 1682; married 
Mr Henry Atkinson, whose daughter mar- 
ried Mr Wm Scott, the father of the lords 
Stowell and Eldon. 

9 George I. She died Nov. 2. JANE, born Oct. 12, 1688 ; married at Bothal, May 28, 1713, Ralph 


22, 1753. Watson, then of Morpeth, gent., and afterwards of North Seaton. 

Bond for marriage licence dated 5 Jan. 1713. ( Koine's Tett. 117.) 
She died July 22, 1742. 

3. JOHN LAWSON, born May 16, 1691. By his father's 8. MARY, born Oct. 15, 1693 ; married at Botha! , June 16, 1728, to 
will, bad the lands of Old-moor ; which, by his will, Mr George Barker, of Weteslade, who had Issue, Thomas, John, George, 
dated 18 Ap. 1764, he settled upon his only son John, and Elizabeth. JOHN BARKER, the second son, was in holy orders, 
He died in 1767, when his son was 13 years old.'r' D.D. and Master of Christ's Church College, Cambridge. He married 

Hannah, relict of Thomas Dockwray, D.D. vicar of Stamfordham, 

and daughter of Robert Ellison, of Otterburn, esq. Dr Barker's will Is dated 20 Nov. 1807 ; and he and his wife both 
died on the same day, In 1808. Elixalx-th Barker, the only daughter of Mary Lawson and George Barker, married Samuel 
Cook, esq. of Newton-on-the-Moor, father of the rev. Joseph Cook, of that place, and vicar of Shllbottle and Chatton, In 
this county. 

4. BARBARA, born May 16, 1696 ; died unmarried, at North Seaton, in 1785, aged 89. 

5. ELIZABETH, born Jan. 3, 1698 ; died young, and unmarried. 

6. SARAH, born June 4, 1703; and June 30, 1741, married, at Bothal, the rev. John Walton; and had an only daur. 
who married the late rev. Edward Nicholson, vicar of Mitford. 

VI. 1. JOHN LAWSON, 1. DOROTHT, born Feb. 12, 1724 ; JOHN LAWSON, of Old-moor ,^=MARGARET. ANNE LAWSON had 

eldest son & heir, born died Jan. 11, 1812. when he came of age, had his/K a legacy of 500 by 

Slst of December, 1731. 2. BARBARA, born Oct. 21, 1725; father's will of April 13, 1764, established her father's will, 

His father left all his died Oct. 10, 1749. by a decree qf chancery, dated 14 March, out of Old-moor. 

lands and real estate, 8. MARGARET, born Aug. 15, 1727, 1778 ; sold Old-moor, in 1828, to A. J. 

to him and his heirs for and married Wm Tewart, of Monk- Cresswcll Baker, esq. ; living, in 1829, at Cresswell. 

ever. Died Sep. 17, 1822. wearmouth, by whom she had is- 

3. ROBT. LAWSON, born sue two sons, viz. : John Tewart, of Glanton & Swinhoe, esq. who is unmarried ; and Edward Tewart, 
July 12, 1742 ; died 8 a mercer in London, who is married, and has issue. She died Dec. 26, 1826. 

Aug. 1814. 4. ANNE, born Sept. 11, 1729; died March 80, 1812. 

5. JANE, born Ap. 4, 1734 ; died July 22, 1742. 

6. ELIZABETH, born Jan. 20, 1736 ; died April 23, 1818. 

4. EDWARD LAWSON, born Dec. 17, 1744 ; many years a solicitor in Morpeth ; died 12 Sep. 1826. 
6. THOMAS LAWSON, born Aug. 18, 1748 ; died Jan. 10, 1750. 

2. WILLIAM LAWSON, born April 11, 1739; married at Warkworth, Nov. 30, 1773, when he is = jrJANE SMITH, of Togston. 
described in the marriage register as of the parish of Elsden. He died Jan. 20, 1804. | 

VII. WILLIAM LAWSON, of Longhurst, esq. born Jan. 21,=f = JOHN HESTER CLARK, daur. of FRANCES=^JOHN WATSON, of 
1775 ; married Feb. 24, 1821. In 1827, he purchased Hazon j the late John Clark, of Had- LAWSON. A Willington, col- 
and Hartlaw of Charles Bacon, of Styford, esq. { dins-ton, North Britain. liery viewer. 

born 26 March, 1822. 

10 September, 1824. 

27 June, 1823. 

10 May, 1826. 


George Lawson, esq. and others, had a grant of the next 
presentation to Bothal, 31 July, 1528. (Above, p. 148.) 

24 Aug. 1586. Inventory of the goods of William Lawson, 
of Longhurst CRaine't Test. 889.) 

June 25, 1601. Inventory of the goods of William Lawson, 
of Longhurst, parish of Bothal (Id. 421) ; and 14 Oct. 1601, 
administration to the goods of William Lawson, of Longhurst, 
mentions his widow Agnes, and his sons George and Edward. 
(Id. p. 150.) 

Oct. 14, 1601. Administration to the goods of Wm Lawson, 
of Coningarth, in the parish of Bothal, granted to Thomas 
Lawson, of Jesmond, his uncle, mentions Anne his daughter. 
(Id. p. 150.) 

March 30, 1615. Administration to the goods of William 
Lawson, of Longhurst ; and again, June 27, same year, men- 

tions Isabella his wife, and Robert, John, Margaret, and Anne, 
their children, under age. (Id. 161 $ 351.) 

May 17, 1630. Inventory of the goods of Catharine Lawson, 
of Longhurst, by Robert and William Lawson ; and 22 Feb. 
1631, administration granted to William Bolton, of Longdike, 
in the parish of Felton, to the use of Robert and Isabell Law- 
son, children of the deceased. (Id. 499.) 

Most of the dates in the above pedigree are from the Bothal 
Registers, among my extracts from which are many Lawsons, 
of Longhurst, and other places in this parish, whose relation- 
ship with the individuals on the pedigree I have not had lei- 
sure to trace. Jan. 31, 1704, Ralph Lawson and Ann Barker 
were married ; and Thos. Lawson and Eliz. Barker, both of 
Longhurst, May 28, 1717. 

LONGHURST HOUSE. The annexed view will convey to the reader's mind 
more correct notions of the Attic character which pervades the whole of the 


'architecture of this elegant mansion, than any description I am ahle to give 
of it. It was taken by Mr Dobson, the able architect of the building, from 
the south-west angle ; and I am indebted to Mr Lawson for contributing this 
appropriate embellishment to my account of his place. The foundation stone 
of the house was laid in June, 1824. The portico, or entrance to the house, 
on the west, is of the kind called Antis, in Greek, from having projecting 
walls, which extend eight feet on each side from the main building, and ter- 
minate with antsepilasters, between which are two beautifully fluted columns, 
each three feet in diameter and twenty-five feet high, and surmounted with 
very rich Corinthian capitals, the Acanthus leaves of which are thrown into 
projections strikingly bold and graceful. The entablature, which is also Co- 
rinthian, and finishes with a pediment, is continued round the principal 
building, the angles of which terminate with antsepilasters similar to those of 
the portico. The capitals of the two columns are original compositions of the 
architect ; but their flutes are like those of the lanthorn of Demosthenes or 
the choragic monument of Lysicrates. The lower windows in the semi- 
circular part of the south front have architraves, friezes, and trusses highly 
ornamented, and supporting cornices all which display of ornament blends 
with the richness of the columns, pilasters, and entablature, and assists in 
producing that engaging variety of outline and force of shadow which are the 
characteristic features of the building, and which have been intentionally and 
admirably contrived to harmonize and combine with the surrounding land- 
scape a requisite often neglected, but certainly, to the eye of the painter, 
not less indispensable than refined science in the architecture. It should also 
be said of this superb edifice, that it is built of a fine-grained and warm-tinted 
sandstone, procured from a quarry in Mr Lawson's own estate ; and that its 
masonry is of the most excellent kind, being very closely jointed, and finely 
polished on the outside. The decorations and internal arrangement of the 
interior parts of a house are, however, matters of higher consideration than 
exterior beauty and embellishments, and these have obviously been well 
attended to here. The approach from the portico is by a vestibule to the 
saloon or hall, which is 34 feet 7 inches long, and 30 feet high, covered with 
a vaulted roof, consisting of a dome and two semi-domes of richly panelled 
stone, and lighted from the centre of the principal dome. The staircase, 
which is also vaulted with panelled stone, is in its base 19 feet deep by 15 


feet broad, and opens from the middle of the north side of the saloon, under 
an architrave supported by two Ionic columns, and by antsepilasters, the 
capitals of which are composed after the Grecian style, and richly carved, 
and have their decorations continued all round the saloon. The first flight of 
stairs is single, and begins between the Ionic columns ; the second double, 
and ascends by the walls ; and the north wall on the first landing is divided 
into niches, formed by pilasters, having capitals composed to harmonize with 
the antsepilasters and columns opposite to them. The gallery r , which runs 
round the saloon, and to which the chambers of the bed-room floor open, is 
formed of stone, panelled underneath, and supported by enriched cantilevers. 
The whole length of the south front is occupied by a suite of three drawing 
rooms, the largest of which is in the centre, and measures 26 feet by 21. The 
library, which is 33 feet by 18, and the dining room 40 feet by 22, front the 
east, on which side a conservatory is now building, connected with the house 
by a cloister open on the south, and having on the north a wall, which forms 
a screen to the principal court of the extensive range of offices attached to 
that side of the building. The height of the apartments on the ground floor 
is 14y feet, of the bed-rooms 12f feet, and of the attics 8 feet. The gardens 
are on the east, well sheltered, and have the Bothal burn running through 

PEGSWORTH was formerly written Peggesworth, arid is now often corruptly 
called Pegswood. It is well built, and stands on rock, on a bare and exposed, 
but dry and fertile eminence. The duke of Portland is lord and sole pro- 
prietor of the whole township, which contains 1231 acres, and pays a hay 
modus of two shillings a year. In lord Oxford's time there were eight tenants 
here : one farming 452 acres, another 200, and the other six having 37, 26, 
23, 15, 12, and 5 acres each ; besides which, these eight had 447 acres about 
Hebburn Moor and the Climbing Tree, in which they had a joint interest. 
Collieries for the supply of Morpeth have been long wrought in this township. 
Here, in 1240, was only one soccage tenant, Robert Pinzun, who held twelve 
acres of ground by the annual payment of two geese at Michaelmas, to the 
baron of Bothal. It has been omitted under the account of Bothal church to 
notice, that, in 22 Richard II. 1398-9, David Holgrave, the last husband of 
Helen Bertram, founded a chantry in the church of St Andrew, in Bothal, 
and endowed it with 3 tofts, 3 cottages, and 120 acres of land at Seaton, near 


Woodhorn, besides lands and tenements, to the value of 40, in this place, of 
Bothal, Earsdon, Tritlington, and Fenrother. Pegsworth is remarkable for 
being the birth-place of Matthias Wilson, who was born in 1580, and, in his 
writings, took the name of Edward Knott, and sometimes of Nicholas Smith. 
In 1606, he became a member of the Society of Jesus ; and, after teaching 
divinity at Rome with considerable reputation, he rose to the distinguished 
office of Provincial of that order in England. He was the champion of the 
Roman catholics against Cudworth. d John Horsley, of Pegsworth, who 
married Mary, the widow of George Horsley, about Dec. 7, 1685, was, I 
apprehend, the father of " Mr Horsley," who occupied the farm of 200 acres 
here under lord Oxford, in 1737 ; and also of lohn Horsley, the very able and 
distinguished author of the Britannia Romana. The Horsleys, of Milburn 
Grange, were presbyterians at that time, and as Mr Horsley became a mi- 
nister of the church of Scotland, it is probable that his parents were of the 
same persuasion. He received the rudiments of his education at the gram- 
mar school in Newcastle, and resided at Widdrington, probably as minister of 
the presbyterian chapel there, before he came to Morpeth ; for he preached 
and published, in 17^9, the Funeral Sermon on the death of Dr Harle, who 
had filled the office of minister of the Scotch chapel of Morpeth from 1692 to 
that time. See more under Morpeth respecting Mr Horsley. 

THE township of BOTHAL)EMESNE has its name from a farm, which is 
situated about three quarters of a mile to the west of Bothal castle, and in 
the survey made in lord Oxford's time, is entitled " Bothal Demesne, called 
tJie Whitefield-kouse farm ;" besides which place it includes within it the 
castle and village of Bothal, and the hamlets and farm-houses called Bothal 
Riding, Bothal Barns, " Coneygarth," New Moor, Hirst, and Black Close, 

d Among the works attributed to Edward Knott, are the following : Charity Mistaken, with 
the want whereof Catholics are unjustly charged, for affirming as they do, with grief, that Pro- 
testantcy unrepented destroys Salvation : 1630. Charity Maintained by Catholics, against Dr 
Potter: 1634, 4to. Infidelity Unmasked; or a Confutation of a Book, published by Mr W. Chil- 
lingworth, under this title, The Religion of Protestants, &c. : Gunt, 1652, 4lo. (WatfsBib. Brit.) 
The family of Wilson were long resident at Pegsworth and Old-moor, as may be seen by the 
extracts from the Old-moor title deed in Bothal Miscellanea, No. 9. 

e Where was WETEWORTH in this parish ? All remembrance of such a place is now entirely 
lost; though, in 1240, it had 14 soccage tenants within it, the names of all which, with the sizes 
of their tenements, and nature of their tenures, have been noticed under the account of Bothal 



all which places contain about 2,960 acres, are exempt from all tithes, by an 
annual payment of 6s. 8d., and wholly belong to the duke of Portland, excepting 
a part of Hirst, which belongs to the rev. Robert Green, A. M., incumbent of 
All Saints* church, in Newcastle. Part of this district was probably the de- 
mesne of Bothal, out of which the prior of Tinmouth had an antient grant of 
two garbs or sheaves of corn, as mentioned in the account of the revenues of 
Bothal church. Before the year 1730, this parish seems to have maintained 
its poor by a general rate ; but, about that time, by mutual consent, each 
township agreed to maintain them by a rate of its own. Bothal Demesne, 
however, finding itself heavily burdened by the Banks and Pegsworth colliers 
residing at Banks-houses, obtaining settlements upon it, complained of the 

barony. Its name occurs twice in accounts of the possessions of the Bertrams. (See III. i. 44, 
60.) The hospital of St John of Jerusalem, in 1294, claimed lands within it (Id. 130) ; and the 
villes in this parish, in the assessment for defraying the expences of the knights in parliament for 
Northumberland, in 1381, stand in the following order: " Essenden, 16d.; Auldmore, 16d. ; 
Newmore, 12d. ; Shepewesh, I2d.; Weteworth, 2s. ; Bothal and Langhirst, 2s. ; Pegsworth, 2s.; 
Heborne, 2s.; Fenrother, 16d.; Tritlington, 16d. ; Eresdon, 12d." ( Wallis, ii. apx. 5.) In 36 
Henry VIII. 1544, Robert lord Ogle died seized of the manor and castle of Bolhal, the ville and 
territory of Whetworth, besides several other places. (Cole's Esch. Harl. MS. 757, p. 266.) Was 
Weteworth the place which is now called Coneygarth, which lies about a mile to the north-east of 
Bothal, and which, in the survey of lord Oxford's estates, so often alluded to, is said to have then 
consisted of two farms, and 774 acres ; 84 of which were on the Riding Moor ? The farm house 
of Bothal Riding is situated in a curve of the Wansbeck, in the charming walk from Bothal castle to 
Ship wash. NEW MOOR is first mentioned in 1240, under the name of New Pendmoor, when Fulk 
Baynhard held two carucates of land in it of the baron of Bothal, by the service of a sixteenth 
part of a knight's fee of the new feoffment; and Richard, the son of Thurstan, half a carucate by 
the twentieth part of a like fee, and by the like feoffment. In after times it was, however, holden 
of the Bertrams, and their descendants, by tenants at will. It is in one farm, and contains 696 
acres. THE HIRST, which is also called the North Hirst, has had its name from some hurst or 
wood of low and stunted growth being near it. The duke of Portland has a farm in it of 353 
acres, of which 167 are in Woodhorn parish. His grace's farm premises here are well built, and 
the farm in his own hands, and well managed. On the Bothal side of it there is a field called the 
GaUow-home Close, probably from its having been the place where the old barons of Bothal exer- 
cised their privilege of hanging such felons as were captured within the jurisdiction of their court. 
The BLACK CLOSE farm adjoins upon the Hirst grounds, and contains 462 acres. The hamlet of 
Black Close is at the Stakeford ; and, when Wallis wrote, there was at it a coal work, staith, and 
small fire engine, so contrived as to fill a large basin with salt water from a small reservoir below, 
overflowed by the tides, for the use of the salt work, and also to draw the water from the colliery. 


grievance, and the whole parish agreed that the colliers who gained a settle- 
ment in this township should be maintained by a general parish rate, and 
other paupers by the townships to which they severally belonged. 

PENDMOOR. The eastern part of this parish comprizes a flat monotonous 
district, the soil of a considerable part of which is of a moory nature, and 
still addicted to the growth of heath. It extends from the boundaries of 
Longhurst to those on the west side of the parish of Woodhorn, and contains 
within it the hamlets of Old-moor, Middlemoor, and New-moor, This, I ap- 
prehend, is the district formerly called Pendmoor, and in which Robert Ber- 
tram, with the consent of king Henry, the son of Maud/ granted to Hugh de 
Morwick, in free marriage with his sister Aelina, a moiety of Longhurst, with 
his services in Ashington, to be holden in the same manner as his father 
Richard had done, and territory to found a village upon in Pendmoor, by 
boundaries which he and his men perambulated on the day he gave seizin in 
the land to the said Hugh de Morwick, and providing further, that the said 
moor of Pendmoor should continue common to the villes mentioned in his 
grant, as well as to the other villes belonging to him : the whole to be holden 
of him and his heirs, free of all service, excepting as much of the services due 
to the king as was performed by any two villes in the Bothal fee. This Hugh 
de Morwick's descendant, his grandson I think, of his own name, died in 
1260, possessed, amongst other places, of lands in " Langhurste, Penmore, 
Reveley, &c." William Latimer, too, in 9 Edw. III. died seized of lands in 
" Pinnemore" and Chevington ; and the abbot of Newminster had possessions 
in " Great Pyndemore," in the 38th year of the same reign. 

f As Robert Bertram did not succeed to his estate till the time of king John, and Henry the 
son of Maud was Henry the Second, the consent here mentioned could not be contemporary with 
the grant itself ; for Henry the Second died in 1189, and Richard Bertram, the father of this 
Robert, paid ten marks to the crown some time between July 7, 1 196, and July 6, 1197, for leave 
to marry his eldest daughter to whom he pleased ; and Robert, his son, as has been noticed, is 
debited in the Pipe Rolls of the tenth of Richard the First, and the second year of king John, for 
three marks, for a recognizance for seven carucates of land in Longhurst, which document was 
necessary to enable him to make the settlements of lands there and in Pendmoor, which this char- 
ter conferred in marriage with his sister Aelina upon Hugh de Morwick, because it burdened the 
lands it conveyed with the services due from them to the king. The concensus referred to in this 
grant might, therefore, be a charter obtained from Henry the Second, which required new instru- 
ments in the reigns of his sons, Richard the First and king John, to confirm and carry into effect. 


The OLD MOOR, or as it was commonly written, Auldmore, is mentioned, 
in 1240, as a member of the manor of Bothal, and constantly occurs in inqui- 
sitions post mortem as partly belonging to the Lumleys and Fitz- Hughs, as 
Longhurst did ; and partly to the Bertrams, and their descendants. In the 
fifteenth centuiy the Widdrington family had a tenement and 12 acres of land 
in it. In 1663, it belonged to Robert Pearson, Margaret Lawson, Robert 
Storey, Robert Pearson, junior, and lord Newcastle ; after which time, the 
Lawsons purchased part of the property of the Pearsons, which Mr John 
Lawson, together with his other patrimonial lands here, lately sold, for 
11,500, to A. J. Cresswell Baker, of Cresswell, esq., to whom, and to the 
duke of Portland, the whole township at present belongs. 

ASHINGTON and Shipwash are at present united in matters relative to the 
maintenance of the poor. Ashington contains 574 acres, and pays a modus 
of 2s. 6d. in lieu of hay tythe. The grounds of it, though still very beautiful 
in places by the river side, are not in the fine order in which Wallis found 
them. g The old mansion-house, too, is nearly obliterated ; and, excepting in 
the garden walls, little remains to show that the place was once a gentleman's 
residence. Robert Bertram the First granted to Hugh de Morwick, in free 
marriage with his sister Aelina, the service of Essindene, to have it in the 

R " It stands on an eminence, well sheltered with tall forest trees : a fine view from it of the sea ; 
also of Seaton Delaval and Bebside, through the openings of the plantations : the grounds sloping 
regularly to a bank of oaks by the river Wansbeck ; freestone rocks conspicuous through them, 
under which is a fine grass area, of a mile in length, by the river, which, for all that space forms a 
most beautiful serpentine canal ; a bank of oaks on the opposite side. On the west side of the 
streamlet called the Dene-burn, by a grindstone quarry, the river Wansbeck makes a flexure, 
where is a beautiful slope, now in tillage, shaded by spreading oaks and other timber on all sides 
but the south, the river making another flexure a little to the west of it, crossed by Shipwash 
bridge in sight : a boat in it for the use of the salmon fishery. Mr Crow's extent of ground by 
the river, from within a small field's length of the bridge, or the rectory glebe, west, to the Stake- 
ford, east, is about a mile and a half measured, thus beautifully chequered with wood, rock, and 
river scenery : a foot walk, by the river, the whole length. About a quarter of a mile east from 
the grindstone quarry, under a bank of oaks, and other trees, close to a hedge, is a sacred fountain, 
called Saint Margarets Well, pleasant and soft to the taste ; many of the small fresh-water buccinae 
at the bottom : the north side faced with stone, natural and semi-circular, coated with moss, and 
a thin crust of earth, in which the primrose and meadow sweet have taken root, emitting their 
pleasant odours round it in the flowering season." (Wallis, it. 337, 338.) 


same manner as his father Richard Bertram had it ; h which service Hugh de 
Morwick, his descendant, in 1240, held " pro forinseco," that is, by the 
payment of scutage, and other military services, to the crown ; and this pri- 
vilege continued to be enjoyed by the Lumleys and Fitz-Hughs, the successors 
of the Morwicks, in the time of Henry the Sixth. 1 Ralph de Essenden, ac- 
cording to a deed quoted by Fenwick, in his account of the Ogle family, and 
tested during the sheriffalty of John de Kirkley, about the year 1295, gave to 
his son John de Essenden, and to Isabella his wife, the manor of Essendon : j 
and this " John de Eschenden," when Richard de Horsley was sheriff, con- 
veyed the same manor to Robert de Coventre and Emma his wife," whose 
daughter Margaret carried it by marriage to Robert de Fenwick ; and this 
Robert de Fenwick, probably for some trust purposes, in 1354, gave to Wil- 
liam of Camhow, and to Alan de Whithefd, chaplain, his manors of Esselin- 
dene and Prestwick, which he had by the gift of John de Touleville, in that 
ville, excepting the lands which Robert of Coventry obtained in Prestwick by 
the gift of John de Plessis. 1 From tljis time to the latter end of the seven- 
teenth century, Ashington continued to be a possession of the Fenwicks, of 
Wellington ; m but how it passed out of their hands I am unable to relate. 
Robert lord Rutherford resided here in 1709, in which year he had a son 
baptized at Bothal church. In Mr Wallis's time, it belonged to George San- 
diford Crow, esq. ; and, at present, it is the property of his grace the duke of 


No. 1 Of the MONUMENT in Bothal church, WaU 
lis has the following description : -" His lordship's 
head and feet rest upon the supporters of his coat ar- 

lished in the Antiquarian Repertory, " is copied from 
a survey called ' The Book of Bothool BaronyJ in North- 
umberland, most beautifully written, and in high pre- 
servation, the property of his grace the duke of Port- 

morial a lion under his feet, a chain of many links I land, to whom that barony now belongs. It was taken 
round his neck, with a pendent cross. Under her lady- j June 20, 15?6, by Cuthbert Carnabye, Robert Maddi- 

ship's head is a cushion, and another under her feet, 
with two cherub-like babes lying by her, one on each 
side, at the end of the cushion, near her face, each hold- 
ing in its hand a tassel of the cushion : the head of one 
broken off: a dog by her feet, with a chain about its 
neck, the emblem of watchfulness." 

2." The following extract," which was first pub- 

son, and John Lawson, tenants to that manor, by virtue 
of a commission granted by Cuthbert lord Ogle, and 
directed to Robert Carnabie, Robert Maddison, and 
Jacob Ogle, esquires, and Anthony Ratcliff and John 
Lawson, gentlemen, the whole 5, or any 4, 3, or 2 of 
them. Dated at Bothole, May 6, in the said year. 
' To this manor of Bothoole belongeth ane Castell in 

h Bothal Miscel. No. 4. s III. ii. 270, 271. J Bothal Miscel. No. 10. k II. i. 279, 7, a. 

1 Bothal Miscel. No. 1 1. m III. i. 279. 



circumference 490 foote, wharto belongeth ane Castell, 
great chaulmer, parler, 7 bed chaulmers, one galare, 
bullerie, pantrie, lardenor, kitchinge backhouse, brew- 
house, a stable an court called the Yethouse wherein 
there is a prison, a porter loge, and diverse faire chaul- 
mering, an common stable and a towre called Blanke 
Towre, a gardine, ane nurice, chapel, and an towre 
called Ogle's towre, and pastrie, with many other prit- 
tie beauldings here not specified, fair gardinges and 
orchetts, wharin growes all kind of hearbes and flowres, 
and fine applies, plumbes of all kynde, peers, damsellis, 
nuttes, wardens, cherries to the black and reede, wall- 
nutes, and also licores verie fine, worth by the year 
^20.' " 

3. On the 13th day of Feb. 11 Hen. IV. 1410, the 
commons delivered, in parliament, a petition to our lord 
the king, from John Bartrame, in the following form : 
" To the most wise the commons in this present par- 
liament, John Bartrame, of the county of Northumber- 
land, Showeth That as sir Robert de Ogle, knight, 
father of the said John, was formerly seized in his de- 
mesne, as in fee, of the castle and manor of Bothal, with 
their appurtenances in the said county, the which Ro- 
bert, by licence from our most sovereign lord the king, 
gave the said castle and manor, with their appurtenan- 
ces, to William Themilby, John Redshaw, and William 
Shirburne, chaplains, to them and their heirs for ever : 
the which William, John, and William, by virtue of 
the said licence, re-granted the said castle and manor 
to the said Robert for the term of his life ; the remain- 
der, after his death, to go to the said John Bartrame 
and his heirs male by him begotten, as appeared more 
fully by charters made for that purpose. Then the said 
Robert died ; and, after his death, the said John Bar- 
trame, by virtue of the said remainder, entered upon 
the said castle and manor, with their appurtenances, 
and continued in peaceable possession of them, until 
one sir Robert de Ogle, knight, son of the said Robert, 
at a late hour at mid-night, on the feast of All Saints 
last past, with 200 men at arms and archers arrayed in 
the form of war, of which men at arms and archers, 
some were soldiers and some Scotchmen, and declared 
enemies of our lord the king, coming with scaling lad- 
ders, pavises, hurdises, and other ordnance of war, be- 
sieged the said castle, lurking all that night for the 
purpose of surprising or scaling it : and in the following 
morning the said Robert, to the servants of the said 
petitioner, then in the castle, gave assurance, upon his 

corporal credit and honor, that they should safely come 
to parley with them without the castle, and safely re- 
turn without injury or hurt ; upon which the said Ro- 
bert, when Thomas Wodall and Thomas Coward, ser- 
vants of the said petitioner, came out of the castle upon 
the said assurance, them, the loyal subjects of our said 
sovereign lord the king, took, detained, and imprisoned : 
and the siege was continued for four days and more, 
till the said castle, with the goods and chattels of the 
said suppliant there remaining, to the value of 200, 
by force, and assault, and fear of death, were taken, 
and his houses there plundered and burnt, and his corn 
in his granaries, and other things there found, to the 
value of 200, totally wasted. The which Robert, the 
said castle and manor, with all that was in it, with 
all the said goods and chattels, forcibly, as before 
said, took, and has continually, with certain of the said 
soldiers, occupied and kept, and at present occupies and 
keeps, notwithstanding that during the time of the said 
siege and assault, sir John de Widdrington, knight, and 
Sampson Harding, justices of the peace of our lord the 
king, came to the said men at arms and archers, and 
commanded and charged them in the name of the king 
to desist from the said assault, and to raise the said 
siege. At which time, the offenders aforesaid, contempt- 
uously as rebels to our said lord the king, refused to 
obey their orders, so that they did not dare further to 
execute their office from fear of death. May it, there- 
fore, be agreeable to the wisdom of your honourable 
house, to make a special request to our said lord the 
king, that your said petitioner may be restored to the pos- 
session of his said castle and manor by the authority of 
parliament, and to command the sheriff of the county, 
by his letters to that effect, to cause the said force to 
withdraw, and put the said petitioner in possession 
of the said castle and manor : and, in case of his finding 
any resistance, that he thereupon make a proclamation 
at the gate of the said castle that the said Robert, 
son of Robert, and the other malefactors in the said 
castle, do deliver up the said castle to the said petition- 
er, upon pain of forfeiture of their lives, lands, tene- 
ments, goods and chattels, to our said lord the king ; 
and that the said sheriff be empowered, by the said let- 
ters patent, in case of his finding any resistance or re- 
bellion on their part, forthwith to take with him the 
posse comitatus of the county, with other liege subjects 
of our lord the king, and to put the said petitioner in 
possession of the said castle and manor ; and that he 



also forthwith arrest the said Robert, the son of Robert, 
with the other malefactors and rebels then remaining in 
the said castle, and them put and retain in prison, till 
he have further orders from the king. And that the 
said sheriff have power, by the said letters patent, to 
seize all their lands, tenements, goods, and chattels, into 
the hands of our said lord the king, and for his use, and 
them to answer for to our lord the king, till it be de- 
clared before our said lord the king and his council, 
whether the said Robert, the son of Robert, has any 
right in them or not. And that the council of our said 
lord the king have, by the authority of parliament, 
power to hear and determine all matters contained in 
the said petition ; and to call before them forthwith, 
the said Robert, the son of Robert, as well as the said 
petitioner, and, according to their good discretion and 
advice, to do right, and award damages to the said pe- 
titioner, if he be able to show good right before them 
considering that the said castle and manor lie so near 
to the east march of Scotland, that sufficient remedy 
cannot be done to the petitioner by the course of the 
common law : which petition being read and consider- 
ed, it was ordered by the king, and the lords in this 
present parliament, at the request of the commons 
aforesaid, in the following manner : That a writ be 
directed to the sheriff of Northumberland, to take the 
castle and manor aforesaid into the hands of our lord 
the king, before the 1 5th day of Easter next to come, 
and safely to guard the said castle and manor, with 
their appurtenances, and with the goods and chattels 
therein, without committing waste or destruction, till 
the octave of the Holy Trinity next after to come ; 
and that, by the same writ, proclamation be made at 
the gates of the said castle That the said sir Robert 
Ogle, ajjd the others herein named, and all the other 
people abiding in the said castle and manor, be put out 
of the said castle without delay, upon pain of forfeiture 
of life and members, and their lands, tenements, goods, 
and chattels. And also that it be contained in the said 
proclamation That the said sir Robert Ogle, in his 
own proper person, appear before the council of our 
lord the king, in the octave of the Trinity aforesaid, to 
answer as well to the king as lo the said John Bar- 
trame, concerning the wrongs and grievances contained 
in the said petition. And that the said council have , 
power, by authority of parliament, to hear and deter- 
mine the matter contained in the said petition, accord- 
ing to the best of their judgement. And if the said 

Robert come not in his own proper person before the 
said counsel, at the said octaves, to answer to the said 
petitioner the matter contained therein then that the 
said Robert stand convicted of the matter contained in 
the said petition ; and that the said John Bartrame, by 
the same authority, be restored to the possession of the 
said castle and manor, with their appurtenances, and 
with the issues and profits, goods, and chattels therein 
found, and at the same time taken by the said sheriff; 
and that damages be awarded to him by the said coun- 
cil, according to their discretion. And that the said sir 
Robert and the other malefactors be apprehended, and 
kept in prison till they have paid a fine and ransom 1,o 
our lord the king, and agreed concerning damages to 
the petitioner ; and besides, till they find sufficient 
surety to keep the peace with the petitioner, his te- 
nants, and servants ; and that they will not attempt to 
do any thing to the petitioner contrary to the said 
judgement in time to come, but according to due pro- 
cess of law. And that the said sheriff cause the said 
writ to be returned into the chancery of our lord the 
king, in the octaves aforesaid, with all that he has done 
in this matter." (Translated from the Record in French 
in Rolls of Par. Hi. 629.} 

4. Robtus Bertram oibj amicis, &c. Sciatis me de- 

disse confirmasse consensu Henrici R' filij Ma- 

tiki' Hugoni de Morwic cum Aelina sorore mea in life 

u in trim p has divisas . scitt . sicut vetus fossata q 

inter agros cultos de Hebre 1 de Langhirst tendit ad 

wastel'.um qui est inter moram tefidens in orientem 

1 sic totu planu usq l ad locu ubi Balnwesic exit de nemore 
versus austi? nunc cum toto bosco usq, ad divisas in- 
ter Langhirst 1 Hulcham c t itei? sicut inter Lang- 
hirst t Peggeswrde ..... Colchale (Bothale?) t item in- 
ter Langhirst 1 Bothale sicut fischerweie tendit in 
orients . Excepta culture q vocatur Threpfurlangs q 
est dnica ?ra mea de Bothala . Et servitiu de Essindene 
sicut Richus Bertram pater meus nuqua melius huit . 
Et territoriu ad unam villam aedificand in Pendmora p 
ipsas divisas p quas ego 1 holes mei pambulavim' illo 
die quo gdcm Hug in ipsam fram saisiavi . Et erit pdca 
mora de Pendmora comunis tarn gdcs villis qm aliis meis 
villis . Et tola ista gfata ?ra do T. concede pdco Hug de 
Morwic cu Aelina son mea in lit) mat sibi 1 nedibj COT? 
. Tenend de me 1 hdibj meis life t quiet, ab oi serv. 
t consuetud. salvo forinseco servitio dni R' quantum 
ptinet ad duas alias villas de feudo meo . His testibj . 
Rogo de Merlai . Ada de Emeldun . Witto ctico de 


Cleveland . Jotie de Morewic . Ada de Pleisie . Witto 
fit Ada . Hog fit Grimbaldi . Rofcto fit Petri . Rofcto 
de Bradford . Walterb de Tirlington . Edulfe fit 
Evede . Rad de Essingdene . Witto de Faruder . 
Achario de Otilwic . David fit Rad . 1 multis alijs. 
(Dodsw. LV.fol. 82.; 

5 Carta Thome Wodburn ari Tho. dno Lumley. 

Sciant, &c. qd ego Tho. Wodburn arm. dedi Tho. Lum- 
lev militi, dno de Lumley 1 Joho Esh armigero ma. 
meu de Tritlington cu oibj 9ris, &c., 1 pecia prat, vocat. 
Todhole iuxta Tritlington, un mess. 4 acr. ter. 5 burga- 
gia vasta 1 1 acr. p'ti vocat. Kynfen in Newbigging, 
3 acr. &c. in Hirst, 1 toft, cum crofto 1 6 acr. tc. in 
Horsley, 1 Sam ptem unius ftre husband, in Erisdon 
in com. N. tieiid. &c. de capitalibj dnis feodoT; illoi? p 
servitia inde debita. Dat. apud Byentroby iuxta Dun. 
elm, 3 die Dec. a r. R'. E. 4 p*. oq. Ang. 13. ( Dods. 
MSS. LXX.foL 71.; 

6 April 8, 1651. Will of Roger Lawson, of New- 
castle upon Tyne : to be buried in St Nicholas church : 
to Isabell my wife my house adjoining the Custom- 
house, and after her death to William Lawson, of Lang- 
hurst, gent, my brother, and the heirs of his body, and 
failing them, to my nephew Thomas Sotherine, son of 
Catharine Preston my sister, wife of Robert Preston, of 
Newc. plumber : to my loving mother Margaret Law- 
son : Thos. son of Wm L. my brother : Elizabeth and 
Isabell my brother William's daurs. : my bro. Wm and 
Margaret his wife : the children of my sister Jane 
Dawson, wife of Wm Dawson, of Camoise : the chil- 
dren of my uncle Hen. Lawson, late of Newc. mercht. 
and alderman, deceased viz. Robert L., Henry L., 
Wm L., Judith Hall, Anne L., Marie L., and Esther 
L. ; Robert the youngest ; Catharine their mother : 
Frances L. daur. of the said Robt. L. mercht. : Judith 
Hall, daur. of John Hall, mercht. : Jane Grey* daur. of 
Francis Grey, mercht. : Thomas and Mary Sotherine, 
my sister Catharine's children : my nephew Wm Han- 
cock, apprentice to Thomas Smith, barber-surgeon : my 
uncle Thomas Lawson, of the Oldmoor, and his three 
sons : Isabell L. my wife, exix. 

7, a Sir Ralph Grey, lord of Wark on the Tweed, 
who died in France, 21 Henry VI. married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Henry lord Fitzhugh; and his descendant, 
Ralph Grey, ofHorton, esq. by indenture, dated 13 
Aug. 1584, conveyed four messuages in Longhurst, 
with lands and tenements annexed to each of them, 
and then in the occupation of Robert Sadler, William 

Straker, Lewis Lawson, and William Lawson, to each 
of the said occupants, and a messuage and tenement in 
Old-moor to Matthew Pearson (Deeds of Old-moor) ; 
and, in 1663, widow Lawson, widow Mitford, Robert 
Lawson, Wm Straker, Robt. Sadler, and Geo. Dening, 
were each assessed at 9 a year for their respective 
freeholds in Longhurst. 

7, b Thomas Baites, of Morpelh, by indenture, da- 

ted 20 Sep. 27 Eliz. 1585, conveyed to Robert Lawson, 
of Longhurst, a moiety of a tenement in Longhurst, 
late in the occupation of William Lawson and Janet 
Spoore. (Deed at Longhurst.) 

8. LONGHURST contains 36 houses, and is the 
largest village in this parish. The old mansion-house 
of the Lawsons, which has been recently pulled down, 
stood on the east side of Bothal-burn, immediately op- 
posite their present seat. One lintel of a door-way in 
it was inscribed, W. L. 1653 ; and another, W. L. 1715- 
Longhurst Grange, which is the property and residence 
of Mr George Lawson, is a recent name and erection. 
The other proprietors of freeholds in Longhurst besides 
the duke of Portland and the Lawsons, are Geo. Whar- 
rier, John Tindall, and John Sadler. 

9 OLD-MOOB. Ralph Graie, of Horton, esq. 13 
Aug. 26 Eliz. for =45, conveyed a messuage and lands 
in Old-moor to Matthew Pearson. Thomas Milburn, 
of Preston, in Northumberland, 19 Dec. 1654, convey, 
ed the lands in Old-moor, called Milburn's Land, to 
Wm Lawson ; and, 23 Sep. 1657, Robert Storie sold to 
the same William Lawson, the meadow ground in Old- 
moor called the Watch Croft. Thomas Milburn, 12 
April, 1658, conveyed to William Lawson two parts of 
a cottage and four riggs of land in the East-field, and six 
riggs in the Gose-flatt. July 28, 13 Chas. II., Ralph 
Bates, of Halliwell, esq. gave a conveyance to Marga- 
ret Lawson, widow, of a tenement and farmhold in 
Old-moor ; and another messuage and lands here were 
conveyed, 14 March, 1622, by John Wilson, of Old- 
moor, to Diones Wilson, of Pegsworth, which messuage 
and lands James Whitehead, of Welbeck, in Notting- 
hamshire, gent, and Edw. Wilson, of Durham, M. D., 
in 1649, sold to Catharine Wilson, of Pegsworth, who, 
in the following year, conveyed them to John Thomp- 
son, of Bothal, clerk, and Catharine his wife, who, in 
1652, sold them to William Lawson, of Longhurst, and 
Margaret his wife, as stated above in the pedigree of 
that family. The whole estate thus accumulated here, 
amounted to 324 acres. One field in the West Farm 



was called Brockhill, and another Camphill ; and one 
in the East Farm, Ellrish-know. The whole township 
was computed to consist of 9 farms, or 943 acres, of 
which the Lawsons had 3 farms, which, as above no- 
ticed, contained, including lanes, 324 acres. In lord 
Oxford's time, Mr Lawson's freehold consisted of 62 
acres, Mr Cresswell's of 14, Pearson's of 8, and lord 
Oxford's divided part, of 94 acres : and of the West 
Moor and the outer and inner pasture, two acres of 
waste ground, and a meadow field of 140 acres in all 
764f acres, till that time holden in common, were di- 
vided among the several proprietors. Mr Cresswell then 
held 214 acres of lord Oxford, at 3s. 6d. per acre; and 
Mr Lawson had 195 acres of the newly divided land, 
at a rent of 18 Is. 6d., and an old farm of 60 acres, 
at ;16 2s. a year. 

10, a. Radiilph' de Essendon dedit 1 concessit ma- 
neriu de Essendon filio suo 1 Isabellae uxori suse . Hiis 
testibj Roberto Bertram de Bothal . dno Johanne de 
Kirkley tune vicecomite Northumb . dno Hugone de 
Delavall . dno Rog Mauduit . dno Adam de Camois 

10, b. Ego Rofctus de Fenwyke dedi Wittmo de 
Camhow et Alano de Whithefd eapettis ma mea de Es- 
selindene et de Prestwyke in com. Northumbr. q hui de 
dono Johis de Foulewille in eadem villa . exceptis ter- 
ris q Rottus de Coventre quondam huit de dono Johis 
de Plessis in villa de Prestwyke, &c. Test. Johne de 
Copeland tune vicecomite . Rofcto Bertram . Johne 
de Fenwyke . Henrico de Haverington milit . Dat. 
10 Julij, 1354, 28 Ed. 3.(Lansd. MS. 326, /o/. 116.; 

11. ROBERT BERTRAM, their liege bachelor, by 
petition to the king and his council, showed, that having 
been seized of the manor of Burton Leonard, in the 
county of York, as of his demesne, in fee, by the deeds 
and feoffment of John Bekard, during whose whole life 
he continued to hold it, which manor was holden of the 
queen as of the manor of Knaresburgh ; and sir Hugh 
de Hastings, then steward to the queen, having seized 

the manor of Burton aforesaid, by reason of the minori- 
ty of John, son of Roger Mauduit, cousin and next of 
kin of the said John Bekard, thereby ousting the said 
Robert he therefore prayed restitution, and the mat- 
ter was ordered to be heard in chancery. (Rot. Par. ii. 


12. Proclamation upon an exigent against George 
Ogle, late of London, otherwise of Tritlington, was 
made in 1628, at the sessions at Morpeth, the sheriff's 
court at Alnwick, and on the great door of the church 
of Bothal. 

13. ADMEASUREMENT and TITHES of this parish. 
Cawtey Park contains 1030 acres, and is exempt from 
all tithe by a modus of 3 a year. Hebburn Demesne 
consists of Cockle Park, including Woodhouses, Blub- 
berymires, Hebburn-hill, and Hanging-leaves, besides 
the township of East and West Forest, and Pea-hills, 
and one farm in Tritlington, all which together contain 
2,092 acres, and are exempt from all manner of tithes 
by the annual payment of a modus of twenty shillings. 
Bothal Demesne, as has been noticed, consists of White- 
field-house, Bothal, Bothal Riding, Bothal Barns, Co- 
ney garth, New-moor, Hirst, and Black Close, and con- 
tains 2,960 acres, and pays a modus of 6s .8d. annually in 
lieu of all tithes. The remaining townships of the pa- 
rish pay tithe in kind, excepting hay, for which each 
township pays a modus, as follows : Ashington 2s. 6d. 
for 574 acres ; Old-moor 2s. 6d. for 923 acres ; Long- 
hurst 4s. 8d. for 1520 acres ; Pegsworth 2s. for 1095 
acres; Hebburn 6s. 9d. for 1000 acres; Fenrother 5s. 
for 1198 acres; Earsdon 2s. 4d. for 1087 acres; Trit- 
lington (except one farm) 6s. 8d. for 922 acres : so that 
the parish has 6082 acres exempt from tithe of corn 
and hay by a modus of 4 6s. 8d. ; 8319 acres exempt 
from hay tithe by a modus of \ 12s. 5d. ; and contains 
in all 1 4,401 acres. For this article, and much other 
information respecting this parish, and the county at 
large, I am indebted to William Lawson, of Longhurst, 

ULGHAM, in the charter of Henry the First, which conferred the right of 
free chase upon it to the Merlay family, was called Elchamp* It is a paro- 

n This name is very variously written. In Robert Bertram's deed to Hugh de Morwick, in 
Henry the Second's time, it is Hulcham. In the account of knight's fees, about the year 1240, 
it is Ulwcham, in which word the w is a consonant, and should be pronounced like a v. After 



chial chapelry subordinate to Morpeth, but separated from that parish by the 
whole breadth of the parish of Bothal. On the east, it is bounded by the 
chapelry of Widdrington arid the parish of Woodhorn : on the south, by 
the parish of Bothal ; on the west, by the chapelry of Hebburn ; and, on the 
north, by the grounds of Chevington, in the parish of Warkworth. In shape 
on the map, it somewhat resembles that of England ; the broadest part being 
to the south, and measuring about 2^ miles. Its greatest length is not more 
than 3| miles. In 1821, it contained 70 families, each inhabiting a distinct 
house, and the whole of them consisting of 348 persons. Some of its soil, 
especially about the village of Ulgham, is gravelly and good : but a consider- 
able part of it is stiff and clayey ; which, however, under good management, 
is very suitable to the growth of wheat and oats, alternated with clover and 
fallow. Queen Elizabeth, Feb. 7 1600, disposed of coal mines in the grounds 
of Ulgham Grange to one Thomas Howbie ; and a bed of coal is still seen 
cropping out in the banks of Ulgham Mill, nearly opposite to which, on the 
south side of the Line, coal pits have been worked no great length of time 

THE CHAPEL of Ulgham is dedicated to St John the Baptist, the anniver- 
sary of whose nativity is still holden here according to the old style, on the 
5th of July, which is the day of Ulgham feast. I know nothing about the an- 
tient history of this chapel. The present edifice is modern and simple, having 
no pretensions to style in architecture. Its walls within, when I saw them in 

that time it is generally written Ulgham, which, in its first form ofElchamp, I think, plainly means 
water field : but why the village was so called I cannot account. Was it because the antient hay 
or enclosure, mentioned below in the accounts of the manor of Ulgham and the estate of Ulghain 
Grange, was well supplied with water, and that the village was contiguous to it ? Its situation on the 
southern bank of iheLine is remarkably pleasant, and from its chapel yard the very extensive plain 
on which it stands seems to have no swell or knoll upon it as far as Bedlington on the south, and 
Rimside Moor on the north. I have before shown, that the words Ell, Hell, Ull, Hull, Well, and 
Elv, or Elf, are all of the same origin, and all mean water (See II. i. 86, 87, 95, 195, 374.) 
The modern names of the farm-houses in the manor of Ulgham are, Ulgham Fence, The Cockles, 
Ulgham Broom, Crowden-hill, Hills, Ulgham Park, Ulgham-hope, Woodhouse, Northwood-house, 
and East, Middle, and West Stobswood ; and those in Ulgham Grange estate, Grange Moor and 
Farneybeds. A field, called Ulgham, is mentioned in the description of the boundary of the manor 
of Byres, in the parish of Haltwhistle (Hexham Black Book) ; and Milo de Quittunstal granted 
an acre of land upon Ulvhom, near Whittonstall, by a deed without date, to the hospital of Saint 
Mary, in the Westgate, in Newcastle. (L. 213.) 


1829* instead of being of a goodly white, were painted with blotches of green 
and black damp. Its nave is 38 feet by 22, and its chancel of a proportionate 
size. No crosses or recumbent figures in the floors or walls tell us of any 
antient family of wealth residing here, excepting one solitary inscription on 
the south wall, to the memory of Robert Lawson, of Ulgham, and his family. 

A weather-worn bas-relief, however, of which 
the annexed figure is a representation, is here 
pointed out as the picture of George and the 
Dragon. It is on a stone, which serves as a 
lintel to a window which has been walled up, 
j| on the north side of the chancel, and by its 
shape seems to have been the top of a head- 
. stone : but to what legend or tradition the 
figures relate I cannot conjecture. They seem intended to represent a knight 
defending a lady from two birds. The rector of Morpeth has an indifferent 
house in the village, with about 20 acres of glebe land attached to it. 

MANOR. This chapelry was one of the manors of the barony of Morpeth, 
which accounts for its being parochially included in the parish of that name. 
Ranulph de Merlay, when he founded Newminster Abbey, in 1138, gave to 
the abbot and convent of that house the portion of it which is now called 
Ulgham Grange : and it was probably one of his family who conferred upon 
the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem the lands here, over which 
that fraternity claimed various privileges at the assizes, in Newcastle, in 
1294 : p but Robert de Somerville and Isabella his wife, at the same assizes, 
showed that they had right of warren in all their land in Northumberland, by 
the special grant of Henry the First, to their ancestor Ranulph de Mer- 
lay ; and also claimed free chase " in Ulgham, by a charter of the same 

" Near this place lyeth the body of Mr Robert Lawson, who died the 8th day of August, 
1697 . Of Mrs Elizabeth Lawson, the first wife of the said Robert, who died 21st Feb. 1668 . 
Of Mrs Catharine Lawson, his second wife, who died 27 Nov. 1698 . Of Jane Lawson, daughter 
to Robert and Elizabeth, who died the 18th Jan. 1663 . Of Ralph Lawson, second son to Robert 
and Eliz., who died 15 Sept. 1693 . And of Lawson Armstrong, who died 4th Dec. 1822, aged 82." 

CHARITIES. George Wilson, in 1716, left to the poor of this chapelry some plot of ground, 
which, in 1786, was in the possession of George Nelson, and of the annual value of 1 10s. : 
and, in 1 824, Miss Ann Coward, of Hadston Linkhouse, gave a legacy of 20 to the same purpose. 

P III. ii. 130. 


king, which they produced in court, and which testified that king Hensy the 
First gave to their foresaid ancestor, Rarmlph de Merlay, all his woods, hay, 
and chace of Elchamp"* The Hays or Hags of former ages were grounds 
that were hedged round ; and the " Haye" of this place is again mentioned 
in John de Greystock's restitution of right of common, to the monks of New- 
minster, upon his grounds in Stobbiford, and elsewhere in Ulgham, on the 
north side of the Line. 

THE VILLAGE OF ULGHAM, as I have already noticed, stands very pleasant- 
ly on the south side of the Line, which runs past it, under narrow and woody 
banks, and has the road from Morpeth by Widdrington to Warkworth passing 
through the western part of it. It consists of four farm-houses and two ale- 
houses, disposed in two rows, and interspersed with very indifferent thatched 
cottages, with gardens behind, and a wide disorderly street between them/ A 
few of its cottages have, however, been lately re-built in a good and substantial 
style, and more are now in the same praiseworthy progress of improvement. 
Here still remains, a sacred and venerable object of antient times, a stump of 
the village cross, 4 feet high, with steps up to it, once neatly fluted, but now 
guttered by the weather, and worn into hollows by whetting upon. The vil- 
lagers have a vulgar tradition, that it was a cross to hold a market at when 
there was a plague at Morpeth. But their predecessors, before the fanaticism 
of the Commonwealth broke off the holy sign that surmounted it, assembled 
about it in groups in summer evenings ; and the only throng that ever ga- 
thered about it, was on the day 5 of the dedication of their chapel, when the 
people in the neighbouring villages came to partake of the joy and festivities 
of Ulgham feast, which is now dwindled into a poor gingerbread fair, and the 
purposes of its institution forgotten. The chapel yard and gardens here 
abound with the garden snail (Helix hortensis), a filthy and destructive ani- 
mal, which ought to be carefully gathered, and destroyed. 

5 III. i. 184. 

r The large old hall house at the east end of the village, and adjoining to the church yard, has, 
for many generations, been occupied by the respectable family of Wilson, which formerly resided 
under the Dacres and Howards, about Naworth Castle, in Gilsland. 

s On Old Midsummer-day, July 5, the people of this country used formerly to assemble in large 
concourses, at Holy Wells ; and still do so in Ireland. In the old pagan theology, it was the day 
of the feast of the summer solstice, when the sun entered the tropic of Cancer, which was the 
northern gate by which Mercury conducted souls to their birth from the moon. 


ULGHAM HALL is situated at the west end of the village of Ulgham, and 
was probably the mansion-house of the ground in that place, which, in 1294, 
belonged to the knights of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem. In 1663, it 
belonged to Robert Lawson,' whose descendant, Lawson Armstrong, left it to 
his grandson, Mr John Swallow, of Morpeth, who is the only freeholder in 
this chapelry, excepting the earl of Carlisle and earl Grey. 

ULGHAM GRANGE, in the occupation of Ralph Fenwick, esq. u stands 
on the northern bank of the Line, overlooking the mill and windings of the 
stream, and has old trees and a trim terrace in the ascent to it in front, and 
excellent farm premises behind it. This is the estate in " Ulacum" v which 
Ranulph de Merlay, by his charter, in 1138, gave to the abbot and convent of 
Newminster for the purpose of founding granges upon, and by these bounda- 
ries : " From the Eagle's Nest to the Well of Erard, and as the strand of 
that well runs into the Lima, and as the Lima runs to the march of Linton, 
and so to the march of Forum." Erard's Well has lost its name, but rises 
near a clump of beech trees just east of Northwood-house, and its strand, 
which runs southward into the Line, is still the boundary between the grounds 
of Ulgham and Ulgham Grange. The Eagle's Nest must, therefore, have 
been north of Erard's Well, in the oak wood on the north boundary of this 
estate. The name and situation of Forum are also forgotten : it was an 
estate which Robert Bertram, of Bothal, sometime in the reign of king John, 
gave also to the monks of Newminster. It is plain from the course of the above 
described boundary, that this Forum was situated on the north-east side of 
the ground included in Ranulph de Merlay's grant already quoted. I think it 
probable that it included a part at least of the lands of the farm called Far- 
neybeds, which occupy that situation, and are comprized within the boundary 
of the present estate of Ulgham Grange. John de Greystock, finding that his 

* 9 March, 1698 : adm. to goods of Robert Lawson, of Ulgham, mentions Catharine his widow, 
and George Lawson, of Gloster-hill, parish of Warkworth, gentleman, their son. (Raine's Test. 
221. ,/ 20 March, 1699 : adm. to goods of Catharine Lawson, of Ulgham, widow : Anne Ogle, 
of Carter Moor, widow of Mark Ogle, sister of the deceased (Id. 213J 

u Administration to the goods of Jane Fenwick, of Ulgham Grange, 24 May, 1698, was grant- 
ed to Gerard Fenwick, of the same place, Thomas Fenwick, of Preston, and Arthur Fenwick, of 
Morpeth ; and the administration to the goods of Muriel Fenwick, of Ulgham Grange, widow, 24 
May, 1699, mentions her son Richard. (Raine's Test. 213, 222.; 
v In Dugdale's Mon. 916, it is " grangia de Hulwane ;" but both these are incorrect readings. 



ancestor Ranulph de Merlay, when he founded the abbey of Newmirister, 
endowed it, among other things, with common of pasture of all his lands, 
and that some of this Ranulph's heirs had, by power, deprived them of that 
privilege at " Stobbiford," and elsewhere in Ulgham ; and, unwilling that his 
own soul, or the souls of his ancestors, or heirs, should be punished, or put 
in danger for the injustice done to the religious of that house, by this unjust 
abstraction, at the petition and instance of such religious, restored to them 
common of pasture for all their stock, excepting goats, on Stobbiford and 
elsewhere, as well in the woods as on the open grounds of Ulgham, on the 
north side of the " Lyne," excepting in the corn and meadow lands, and in 
the Heye. Also he granted to them, that if their cattle should at any time 
stray into the corn fields on the south side of the Line, they should be chased 
away without impounding or other hindrance ; and he further granted that 
they should have pannage for their swine in the wood of Ulgham. w After 
the dissolution of religious houses, Ulgham Grange continued for some time 
to be a possession of the crown, amongst which it is reckoned in 1568. In 
1600, queen Elizabeth, as I noticed before, conveyed coal mines here to 
Thomas Howbie ; and, 19_Dec. 1601, she granted the manor of Ulgham 
Grange with its appurtenances, to Edward Carrill, and others/ In 1648, it 
belonged to. col. Edward Grey, who was then residing upon it ; but some time 
between that year and 1660, becoming a delinquent to the Commonwealth, 
his estates were forfeited. Those of Little Benton, Heaton, and Higham 
Dikes, which he obtained by marrying the widow of Robert Mitford, of Seg- 
hill, were sold, 20 Feb. 4657, to Mr Pirn, for 3,189, by the trustees of for- 
feited estates ; y but Ulgham Grange, in 1663, still continued in col. Grey's 
possession, and at present is the property of earl Grey. 

THE PARISH of WOODHORN Z contains the chapelries of Newbigging, 
Widdrington, and Horton, exclusive of which, it consists of seven townships, 
viz. : Woodhorn, Woodhorn Demesne, North Seaton, Hurst, Linemouth, El- 

> lV .,., . . .I.-V i/rJ *iv< l.ii r 

w Wallis, ii. 310, where the original Latin of this deed is given. 
x Land Rev. Off. Records, xi. 240; xii. 160. > Linden Papers. 

z Woodhorn, i. e. the wood corner, from the Anglo-Saxon hejvn, a corner, having probably been 
the south-east corner of the wood which formerly overspread this coast (however now denuded of 
it), as we learn from many etymological intimations in this neighbourhood : e. gr. Wid or Wood- 
rington, Hirst, Longhurst, Norwood, i. e. Northilood ; Stobswood, from the Anglo-Saxon Stub or 
Stobbe, the stump of a tree; Northhurst, Woodhouse, Woodhouses, $c.(Archa;ol. ML L 258.) The 


lington, and Cresswell. On the north, it is boundered by the chapelry of 
Widdrington ; on the east, by the German ocean and the chapelry of New- 
bigging ; on the south, by the river Wansbeck ; and, on the west, by the 
parish of Bothal and the chapelry of Widdrington. With Newbigging, in 
1809, it was assessed to gaol cess on a rental of 11,660 ; in 1815, to pro- 
perty tax on 11,734 a year ; and, in 1821, contained 1378 persons of whom 
64 were artisans, 106 neither mechanics nor husbandmen (chiefly fishermen), 
and the rest employed in agriculture. In its length from north to south it is 
about six miles, and its mean breadth about two miles. Some of its land, 
especially about Woodhorn and Woodhorn Demesne, may be ranked amongst 
the best in the county for grazing ; and nearly the whole of it is well adapted 
to agriculture. One thing in this parish must not be passed over without 
observation the great improvement which has been made of late in the 
roads through it, and indeed all the way from the sea to Morpeth for which 
the neighbourhood are indebted to the activity, public spirit, and munificence 
of A. J. Cresswell Baker, esq. 

The connection of the church of this parish with the monastery of Tyne- 
mouth, and of much of its lands with the barony of Balliol, induces me to 
think that it was formerly a possession of Robert Mowbray, earl of Northum- 
berland : for that nobleman re-founded the priory of Tynemouth ; and many 
of his estates, after his attainder, were granted to the Balliol family. In 
1240, John de Balliol held in capite of -the crown, the barony of Bywell, 
which at that time consisted of Newbigging, Woodhorn and its members, 1 
Linemouth and Hurst, Haliwell, Linton, and Ellington with Cresswell and 
Ayden its members, all in this parish, besides considerable possessions hi 
the parishes of Stamfordham, Chollerton, and Bywell St Peter,* at which 
time Robert de Rue held Linemouth and half of Hurst by a twelfth part of a 
knight's fee, and Adam de Perington, Ellington, Cresswell, and Hayden, by 
one knight's fee of the old feoffment, as mesne tenants under the BalliolsJ 

Kelso Chartulary contains several deeds respecting a fishery on the Tweed, called Wdkorne. 
Churches, in Latin, were frequently called cases ; and, in Anglo-Saxon, herns, as the Candida 
Casa of Bede, which the Saxon settlers called Whiihern or Whithorn, Was this church originally 

built of wood, and the place thence called Woodhorn ? 

a III. i. 212. The places in this parish which contributed to the expences of the knights of the 

shire in 5 Ric. II. were " the borough of Newbigging 6s, the ville of Seaton 2s., Woodhorn 3s., 
Hirst and Lynemouth 2s., and Ellington, Cresswell, and Ayden 3s. 4d. (Wallis, apx. 5.) 



This John de Balliol was a baron of great distinction and power ; and, as 
founder of Balliol college, in Oxford, has rendered his name deservedly dear 
to all lovers of sound and useful learning. Besides his Northumberland 
estates, he was possessed of the barony of Barnard-castle, and, in right of his 
wife Dervaguilla, was lord of Galloway : for she was a daughter of Alan lord of 
Galloway, grand-daughter of David earl of Huntingdon, and great niece of 
Malcolm the Third and William the Lion, kings of Scotland. This connec- 
tion with royalty, however, led the way to the ruin of his house. Edward 
the First, in 1292, gave the crown of Scotland to his youngest son John de 
Balliol, but in 1296 compelled him to resign it ; and granted his estates to 
John Dreux, earl of Britanny and Richmond, which grant was confirmed by 
charter of Edward the Second, dated August 12, 1308, and in the list of the 
estates which it conveyed, mentions " the manors of Bywell and Wodehorn," 
and all the lands and tenements which Agnes de Valence and Alianora de 
Genevre, widows of his brothers Hugh and Alexander, held in dower in the 
inheritance of the deposed monarch. 5 Agnes de Valence was a lady of high 
rank, and seems to have been endowed with a spirit that was anxious to sup- 
port a larger portion of dignity and property than had fallen to her share ; 
but the tyrannous proceedings of the king's cousin could not daunt the cou- 
rageous mind of her neighbour at Woderington : for, in 1290, Adam de 
Widdrington, in a petition before the king in parliament, on account of divers 
fines being unjustly levied upon him and his tenants by this Agnes and her 
bailiffs, in Woodhorn, prayed that Thomas de Normanville and William de 
Vescy might be appointed justices, together with the vicar of the place, to 
hear and determine the several matters of trespass of which he complained. 
At the assizes in Newcastle, in 1294, the same Agnes being summoned to 
show by what warrant she claimed the privilege of free warren in her demesne 
lands in Woodhorn, and infangthef, gallows, market, fair, and assize of 
bread and ale in Newbigging and Woodhorn, pleaded that these places which 
she held in dower were in the inheritance of John, king of Scotland, and that 
she could not, therefore, answer to the matters in question : but Balliol's 
attorney appeared in court, and claimed the grant of a weekly market on 

b See the statement of the connection between the Balliol, Valentia, and Strathbolgie families 
above, pp. 41 and 42. c Woodh. Misc. No. 5. 


Mondays, at Newbigging, by charter of Henry the Third, which he produced 
in court. He also claimed an annual on the eve, day, and morrow of the 
feast of St Bartholomew, by a charter, dated in the forty-fifth year of the 
same king's reign. For the rest of the privileges he pleaded enjoyment " ab 
antique ;" and the judgement for the defendant was " eat inde sine die." d 
Balliol, after resigning the crown of Scotland, became the pitiless companion 
of captivity and misfortune ; and " forsaking wholly the administration of the 
Scottish dominion, finally went over into Normandy to his antient inheritance 
and lands there, where, at length falling blind, and wasting away by long age, 
he departed out of this world in the castle of Galliard, leaving those lands 
which he possessed on that side of the sea unto his son Edward Balliol, who, 
being released out of captivity, was come over to his father before his de- 
cease. 6 " In addition to his former grant, Richmond, in 1309, had a charter 
for a market and fair at Newbigging, in this parish, which was probably given 
to him by way of confirming the grants formerly made by Henry the Third 
for similar purposes ; f but having been engaged in negotiations connected 
with the quarrels in the royal family, the king, in 1326, accused him of pre- 
varicating in the execution of his orders, seized his lands and goods, and put 
the honor of Richmond and the manors of Bywell and Woodhorn under the 
custody of Robert of Byncester. 8 After the earl of Richmond's death, in 
1334, a writ of ad quod damnum was issued to enquire what waste and de- 
struction had been committed upon the manors of Bywell and Woodhorn, 
and other lands, which had belonged to John de Balliol ; and Edward the 
Third, in the following year, in consideration of good services done to him, 
and by way of covering some grants which he had made to David de Strath- 
bolgie, earl of Athol, gave the manors of Woodhorn and Newbigging in fee 
to John de Denton, a burgess of Newcastle, and mayor of that town in 1336, h 
in which year, Mary, countess of Pembroke, and widow of sir Adomar de 
Valence, granted to the same John de Denton the manor of Woodhorn and 
the ville of Newbigging, with rents there, and in Hirst and Linemouth. In 
1343, Denton conveyed both the manors of Woodhorn and Newbigging to sir 
Gerard de Widdrington ; though I think it probable that his conveyance in- 
cluded only the reversion of the fee simple in them after the death of the 
countess of Pembroke, who died in 1377 possessed of the manor of Wood- 

d III. i. 155. e Hoi. Hist, of Scot. p. 208. f III. ii. 394. 

s Rapin, i. 400 ; Rymer, iv. 209 j III. ii. 300. h III. ii. 369 ; and Woodb. Misc. No, 9, 


horn, Seaton, Hurst, and the ville of Newbigging, besides several places in 
the barony of Mitford. 1 Slavery continued to linger on these estates a century 
after they fell into the hands of the Widdringtons ; for, in 1470, sir Gerrard 
Widdrington, by his deed, manumitted his native, William Atkinson, and 
granted to him the office of bailiff of the ville and demesne of Woodhorn. j 
The inquests after the death of the Widdringtons, also show that their posses- 
sions here continued, from the time they acquired them in 1343, to that of 
the dowrifal of their house in the Rebellion in 1715, to be holden of the 
barony of Bywell, and not in capite of the crown ; and, by a rental of that 
barony made in 1624, it appears that the bailiff of Bywell had officially to 
answer to his lord for castle ward and coinage payable to him out of various 
places, and amongst the rest out of " Halliwell, 4s. 6d. ; Hurst, 15d. ; Line- 
mouth, 5s. ; Seaton, 12s. ; Ellington, 7d. ob. ; Cresswell, 7d. ob. ; T: Wood- 
horn, 15d." 

THE CHURCH of Woodhorn and that of Bywell St Peter, with Coquet 
Island, and the lands of Amble, between the years 1097 and 1119, were set- 
tled upon the Abbey of St Alban's as the portion of that house out of the 
revenues of its subordinate priory of Tynemouth. k This arrangement, how- 
ever, was afterwards broken into, and the advowson and impropriation of this 
church regularly confirmed upon Tynemouth. 

After the Dissolution, the vicarage paid to the crown, under the head 
of pensions and portions, the annual sum of seven marks. 1 The registers of 
the consistory court of Durham contain depositions and decrees respecting 
the vicarial tithes of this parish, especially during the time of Mr Simcoe, 

1 See Woodh. Misc. Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 12 ; III. ii. 274, 275 ; III. i. 88. 

J Woodh. Misc. No. 6. The class of bond servants antiently called natives, were persons born 
in the manors of the lords to whom they were subject. Some of them were bondmen by birth or 
stock ; others by contract. (See CowelL) 

k Abbas Richardus, assensu conventus unanimi, decrevit ecclesiam de Thinemue solvere ecclesiae 
sancti Albani (videlicet festo ejusdem) triginta solidos sub tali forma. " Ut nee ipse abbas nee 
" aliquis ex parte sua aliud quicquam exigat ab ipsa ecclesia aut suis hominibus . Sic tamen, 
" quod abbas retineret in manu sua Ambellum, et insulam de Koket, et ecclesiam de Biwella, et 
" ecclesiam de Wudehorne . Et si quando abbas illuc ire voluerit cum viginti hominibus per 
" quindecim dies in sumptibus ejusdem ecclesiae perendinaret . Si vero negotio fratrum de Thine- 
" mue abbati eundi causa existent, in sumptu ejusdem ecclesiae, associatis cum quibusdam feo- 
" datis, qui de jure et consuetudine armigerorum vices gerere debent, viam faceret atque moram . 
" Quos et ipse feodavit et ad illud assignavit." (Mat. Paris in Vit. xxiii* Sc. Alb. Abb. p. 55.) 

1 Brand's Newc. ii. 111. 


who obtained a decree for tithe of lobsters landed at Newbigging. The same 
office also contains a terrier of the glebe lands of this church, and proceedings 
in a suit respecting dilapidations in the manse of the vicarage. In the time 
of queen Elizabeth, Robert Dudley had a suit in chancery with vicar Henley, 
the object of which was to compel the defendant to produce the deeds of a 
messuage in Newcastle upon Tyne, which the plaintiff had purchased of the 
crown, and had belonged to the vicarage of Woodhorn, or to a chantry in the 
church there ; m and Mr Kennicott, the present incumbent, after long litiga- 
tion, had a decree in the same court for tithe of agistment in several parts of 
the parish. Concerning the rectory of this church there are copies of several 
deeds, made during the time of queen Elizabeth, in the office of the auditor 
of the land revenue, Spring Gardens, London. In 1291, the rectory was 
valued at 75 Is. 8d. a year ; the vicarage, with the chapelry of Horton, 
at 50 ; and the rectorial part of Horton at 20 13s. 4d. ; when the prior 
of Tynemouth had an annual portion out of the rectory of Woodhorn, 
the particulars of the emolument of which were as follows : In Wood- 
horn 25 marks, in Seaton 24 marks, Widdrington 12 marks, " Hai- 
den" 5 marks, Chibburn 40s., Linemouth and Hirst 100s., Ellington 13 
marks, and from the mill of the same village 15s. ; in Dririgge 40s., Cress- 
well 13 marks, and in Linton 6 marks in all 75 Is. 8d. ; the tenths of 
which were 7 10s. 2d. The rectorial proceeds in Horton were at the same 
time assessed in the following manner : In Horton 20 marks, in Coopen 8 
marks, Bebside 40s. in all 20 13s. ; the tenths of it being 2 Is. 3|d. 
As this taxation was made by the receiver of the rents, and other servants of 
the prior and convent of Tynemouth, and for the express purpose of paying 
tenths to the crown by, it may be fairly considered to be charged upon a mo- 
derate, if not upon an easy rental. In 1628, the mercers company in 
London made an extensive purchase of tithes of sir John Fenwick, among 
which was a moiety of the great tithes of Woodhorn, Widdrington, Two- 
steads, North Seaton, Cresswell, Horton, Horton Demesnes, Hirst, Hut- 
ton, Ellington, Lynton, and Lynmouth, which moiety they still hold ; the 
Rev. Dr White, as rector of Hampstead, being the impropriator for the 
other half." Some parcels of the great tithes of this parish also belong to 
the duke of Northumberland, Adam Askew, esq., and the rev. Joseph Cook, 
of Newton Hall. 

m Cal. of Proc. in Chanc. i, 256. n See Brand's Newc. ii. 593 ; Wallis, ii. 1 10. 




Is dedicated to St Mary, and in the patronage of the bishop of Durham. It 
consists of a tower, nave of three aisles, and a chancel, all covered with rude 
unsightly roofs, and forming, in every point of view, a very unfavourable sub- 
ject for the pencil. The tower on the outside of its west wall has the arms 
of Widdrington and Ogle, and a male figure, with its hands in a praying pos- 
ture, carved in high relief on stone : internally it is 15 feet by 12, and engaged 
with the nave by a semi-circular arch. The nave is nearly square, being 45f 
feet from north to south, and 44 from east to west ; and has on each side, 
next the tower, two low Norman piers and arches, and one on each side, 
next the chancel, high .and pointed, and that on the north richly moulded. 
The vestry is at the north-east corner of the nave, and has near its door a 
neat female figure, with a dog and two cherubs at its feet, carved in sand- 
stone. The chancel walls are very antient, its roof covered with black slate, 
and modern : it measures 44^ feet by l6f broad, has three lancet windows in 
the east, and is lighted both from the north and south : the inscriptions in it 
are given in the Miscellanea respecting the church ; and the substance of 
those in the burial place of the Watsons, of North Seaton, in the south-west 
corner of the nave, is worked into the pedigree of that family, under North 
Seaton. The chapels of Horton and Widdrington were separated from Wood- 
horn, and had separate endowments settled upon them in the time of vicar 




No. I VICARS Richard Parson of Woodhorn, oc- 
curs with Robert Bertram and Richard his brother, as 
a witness to a deed respecting Ellington, in the time 
of king John ( Woodh. Misc. No. 7.) 

Gaufridus Vicarius de Wudhorne, 1224, occurs as a 
witness to bishop Richard de Marisco's endowment of 
Chatton vicarage. (HI. ii. 151.) 

Sir Luke, vicar of Woodhorn, witnesses a deed of the 
prior of Biinkburne respecting land in Newbigging, in 
1334. (Woodh. Misc. No. 8.) 

Robert Aleford, vicar of Woodhorn, occurs in an El- 
lington deed of the date 50 Edw. 3, 1376 (Id. No. 9.) 

Robert de Bothe, 1389. Alexander de Burgh, 1410. 
William Couton. 

Thomas Robert, 1411, after the resignation of Couton: 
rector of Whalton in 14 J 5. 

Richard Marshall, 1415, after the resignation of Ro- 

John Lee, 1429, after the resignation of Marshall. 

Robert Watson. 

William Evenwode, 1483, after the death of Watson. 

Thomas Patonson, 1506, after the death of Even- 
wode : collated by Cuthbert Tunstal, bishop of Durham. 

Thomas Burton, L.L.B., 14 Oct. 1533, after the death 
of Patonson: vicar of Mitford in 1531 ; master of Elli- 
shaw Hospital, in Redesdale, in 1534. 

Ralph Tod, L.L.B., 6 June, 1546, after the death of 
Burton : vicar of Hartburn in 1554. 

Thomas Henley, or Hundley, clerk, 1 Ap. 1569, after 
the death of Tod. He had a suit for dilapidations with 
the representatives of his predecessor, in which it ap- 
peared that Tod, in the ten years immediately pre- 
ceding his death, had built two lofts to the vicarage- 
house, both then utterly decayed and clean fallen to 
the ground ; and did also repair and le-edify a little 
chapel belonging to the said vicarage, adjoining nigh 
unto the same ; and, in about five or six years last past, 
did, at his own costs and charges, build and erect a new 
barn, parcel now of the houses belonging to the said 
vicarage, and did also build anew, &c. and repair a dove 
cot. He had also a suit in chancery with one Robert 
Dudley respecting the writings to a house in Newcastle, 
which had belonged to 9. chauntry in Woodhorn church. 

Edward Bethome, 15$9; after the death of Henley. 

Robert Mason, 1588, after the death of Bethome. 

Michael Colman, A.B., 26 Nov. 1609. 

John Cradock, M.A. & D.D. I have not seen when 

he was collated to this vicarage ; but he was preferred 
to the fifth stall in Durham Cathedral, Aug. 7 and in- 
stalled Aug. 18, 1619. In the same year he was col- 
lated archdeacon of Northumberland ; but resigned that 
office Aug. 6, on being appointed, on the same day, the 
bishop's spiritual chancellor and vicar-general. He was 
also presented to Northallerton, Feb. 23, 1624, and had 
the rectory of Gainford. He died, and w as buried in 
the church here, Aug. 1627. Heavy charges were pre- 
ferred against him in parliament, in May, 1624, for 
extortion, as a high commissioner at Durham, a justice 
of peace, and a chancellor, and for confounding these 
offices, and making one to help another. His prefer- 
ment was great, but his death miserable : for he died 
of poison, for which his wife was accused, but acquitted. 
(Jour. H. C. i. 697, 710, 71 1 ; Hutch. Dur. . 241.) 

Thomas Triplet, M.A. $ D.D., 19 Aug. 1630. He 
was born in or near Oxford, and became a student of 
Christ Church there ; rector of Whitburn, 25 May, 
1631; rector of Washington, 7 Ap. 1640; prebendary 
of Fen ton, in the church of York, in 1641, and of Fres- 
ton, at Sarum, in 1645. On being deprived of his pre- 
ferments he went to Ireland, and taught a school in 
Dublin ; afterwards followed the same employment at 
Hays, in Middlesex. After the gloomy night of the 
Usurpation was over, hia prospects brightened again. 
Bishop Morton, March 23, 1648, had collated him to 
the ninth stall in Durham Cathedral ; but he was not 
installed till Nov. 2, 1660 : he however exchanged that 
preferment for a prebend of Westminster. In 1664, 
he settled a rent charge of =18 for charitable purposes 
in the parishes of Woodhorn, Whitburn, and Washing- 
ton, and died July 18, 1670, aged 70. " He was al- 
ways esteemed a great wit, a good Grecian and poet, 
and hath several copies of verses extant." ( Walker, 
68; Hutch. Dur. ii. 261 ; Surt. Dur. ii. 44, 52, 56.) 

John Clapperton, 1640. Walker mentions him as one 
that was driven from his living by the zealots, during 
the Usurpation ; and that his living was then valued at 
=120 a year. 

Thomas Lupton, an intruder : he conformed after the 
Bartholomew act. ( Calamy. ) 

John Wotfall, M. A., 8 Oct. 1661. Randal writes his 
surname WoodfalL John Wolfall, B. A., according to 
Randal, was curate of All Saints, Newcastle; and, ac- 
cording to Brand, ordained priest, and still curate there, 
March 15, 1662. He died Feb. 22, 1683 (See Monu- 
mental Inscrip. below, No. III.) 



Christopher Laidman, 1692, after the death of Allen- 
son. Julia, daughter of Francis Laidman, of Morpeth, 
married Francis Johnson, of Woodhorn, esq. (See M. 
Inscrip. below, No. II.) 

William Simcoe, clerk, 11 April, 1724, after the death 
of Laidman. He was preferred from Longhorsley, 
where he had been vicar 32 years. For a further ac- 
count of him and his family, see above, at pp. 91 & 92 ; 
also in Public Characters, vol. 6 ; and Monthly Maga. 
zine for Jan. 1807> 

John Wibbersley, M. A t May 11, 1766, after the death 
of Simcoe : collated to Whickham, in the county of 
Durham, in September, 1768. He was under-usher of 
the Grammar School, Newcastle, July 12, 1742 ; usher 
there, June 6, J 749 ; and perpetual curate of Lamesley 
and Tanfield, 8 Octob. 1751 : published an Assize Ser- 
mon, preached at St. Nicholas, Newcastle, July 28, 
1752. His library, which was very curious and valu- 
able, was purchased after his death by Mr Payne, in 
London. (Brand's Newc. i. 97.) 

Hugh Hodgson, M. A:, 11 Oct. 1768, after the resig. 
of Wibbersley. He was of Lincoln College, Oxiord ; 
vicar of Leake, in Yorkshire; curate of Easington, 
county of Durham, to Archdeacon Dickens, 7 May, 
1762. In 1769, he was preferred to the vicarage of 
Egglingham, where he died in 1821. 

Henry Latton, M. A., 1770, after the resignation of 
Hodgson. He was of Wadham College, Oxford, where 
he took his degree of M. A., 5 Feb. 1?62 ; after which 
time he was a curate in Wales, and at Andover ; and 
vicar of Felton, 2 Nov. 1 772. A daughter of his pub- 
lished " Marae, a Series of Letters, containing a Nar- 
rative of Facts, &c." 2nd ed. Newcastle, 1828. 

Benjamin Kennicott, M.A.,&fter the death of Latton. 
He was inducted Dec. 15, 1798. Mr Kennicott, who 
was sometime rector of Dodbrooke, in Devonshire, and 
to whom the author is indebted for facilitating his en- 
quiries, is a cousin of Benjamin Kennicott, the learned 
editor of the Hebrew Bible, from the text of Van der 
Hooght, collated with above 600 MSS., and printed at 
Oxford, in 8 vols. fol. 17761780. 

1. On the south wall, within the altar rails, on white 
marble : " Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Henry 
Latton, A. M., late vicar of Woodhorn and Felton, 
who departed this life, October 25, 1798, aged 61 years. 
Also of Sarah, his wife, who died July 5, 1813, aged 75 
years." Adjoining the above, on sandstone : " Sacred 
to the memory of their well-beloved daughter, Priscilla 

Elizabeth Latton, who was born Jan. 8, 1774, and died 
March 7, 1793, aged 19. Her disconsolate parents have 
erected this tablet. Elizabeth Priscilla Latton, sister 
to the above, died Dec. T, 1806, aged 29 years." 

2. On white marble: " To the memory of William 
Johnson, of Woodhorn, son of John Johnson, esq., of 
Hirst, who died Nov. 8, 1804, aged 90 years. Also of 
Catharine, wife of William Johnson, of Woodhorn, and 
eldest daur. of Wm Cresswell, esq., who died Aug. 13, 
1797, aged 68 years. Also of Julia, wife of Francis 
Johnson, of Woodhorn, and daur. of Francis Laidman, 
of Morpeth, who died Aug. 8, 1813, aged 44 years." 

3. On black marble: " Here lieth inter'd the 
body of John Wolfal, M. of A., and vicar of Woodhorn, 
who after ye faithful and industrious performance of his 
ministerial office 26 years, was summoned to receive his 
reward the 22d of February, anno Domini 1683." 

4. On the north wall of the chancel, on white mar- 
ble : " M. S. In a vault, on the north side of this wall, 
are deposited, the remains of Elizabeth Addison, daur. 
of William Cresswell, of Cresswell, in this county, 
esquire, and relict of John Addison, of Whitby, in the 
county of Y"ork, esquire. She departed this life on the 
first of December, 1807, aged 68. This monument is 
erected by her nephew, Addison John Cresswell, in grate- 
f ul remembrance of her unbounded kindness to him." 

6. Near the last, on a neat panel of white marble, 
is : " To the memory of Francis John, second son of 
Addison John Cresswell Baker, of Cresswell, in this, 
county, esquire, and Elizabeth Mary, his wife, who 
died on the 20th of March, 1827, aged 5 years." 

III. A true and perfect TERRIER of all the gleabe 
lands, grounds, and edifices, belonging to the vicarage 
of Woodhorne, in the deanerie of Morpeth and diocese 
of Durham, given in by the minister and churchwardens, 
December the twentieth, 1663. 

Imprimis a vicarage house, barne, biar, stable, stack- 
yard, with two little gardens, all situate and lying in 
the east end of Woodhorne. /> u > kuj-.j.' 

Ite. One pasture close, adjoining on the north side to 
the church yard, on the east side to the water mill, on 
the west side to the vicarage house, containing in esti- 
mation six acres, be it more or less. 

Ite. One closse, called the Dovecoat close, bordering 
on the west side on the closse called Catchcroft, con- 
taining in estimation four acres, be it more or less. 

Ite. One close, called Parke close, having the mill 
race on the north side, containing by estimation three 
acres, be it more or lesse. 



Ite. One close, called the Eastfield, having on the 
east side Newbiging lane, on the south side Newbiging 
field, containing by estimation sixteen acres, be it more 
or lesse. 

Ite. One close, called Middlefield, with Night close 
and Rye close, having Newbiging feild at the south- 
east end, and the mill race at the west end, containing 
by estimation ten acres, more or less. 

Ite. One field, called the Westfield, adjoining to 
Woodhorne grounds, called the Mires, on the west 
side, containing in estimation twentie acres, more or 
less. All the aforesaid gleabe is encompassed and di- 
vided from the other lands by a quick hedge or walL 

Ite. One small parcell of ground lying in Newbiging, 
adjoining to Nicholas Watt's house on the south side, 
the car on the north side, and the townegate on the 
cast side, containing three poles, more or less. 

Ite. One parcel of meaddow ground, lying in Linton 
feild, called the vicar's boundes, encompassed with the 
lands of the lord Widdrington, containing in estimation 
eight acres, more or less. 

Ite. One small parcell of ground, lying in Horton 

fields, called the , encompassed with the lands of 

sir Ralph Delavale, containing in estimation two acres, 
more or less. Jo. WOLF ALL, vie. 

THOS. WATSON, THOS. SINGLETON, churchwardens. 

IV. PAROCHIAL VISITATIONS, extracts from minutes 
of. 1723. The impropriators are the duke of Somerset, 
and the mercers company in London. The present 
lessees of the impropriators, Mr Edw. Grey, of Alnwick, 
and Mr Potts, of Killingworth ; and one Mr Johnson 
is an under lessee to one or both. Benefactions : Thos. 
Triplet, D. D., left an annuity or rent charge of 5 p 
annum, for ever, for putting out to some trade an ap. 
prentice or apprentices, boys or girls, born within the 
said parish of Woodhorn. In 1705, forty-six Roman 
catholics returned in this parish. Visited Sep. 21, 1723; 
but nothing remarkable in Dr Sharpe's long list of or- 
ders executed. In 1758, archdeacon Robinson says, 
" the house very bad." Dr Askew, who has an estate 
in the parish, says that it is clear 2(M per annum, cu- 
rates paid. At my visitation, in 1759, the churchwar- 
dens absolutely refused to present the house. Dr John 
Sharp, visited July 21, 1764, and ordered, inter alia, 
the screen between the church and the chancel to be 
taken down as low as the top of the rails ; and the 
king's arms and commandments to be put up at the 
west end of the church : the three east windows, and 

the two north windows to be opened out to their origi- 
nal size, and glazed. The following remarks are from 
the minutes of Dr Singleton : Visited June 1, 1826. 
Mr Kennicott was presented to this considerable living 
by bishop Harrington, out of respect to the memory of 
his cousin, Benjamin Kennicott, the great Biblical Scho- 
lar. Woodhorn vicarage is worth 650 a year, out of 
which the vicar pays 15 a year to the curate of Hor- 
ton. The impropriation is in the mercers' company, 
the rector of Hampstead for the time being, and the 
duke of Northumberland for Newbigging Demesne. In 
this latter place, and in Woodhorn township, a compo- 
sition is pleaded against the vicar, who has carried the 
agist merit tithe in the other part of his parish after a 
sharp litigation. The population is about 1200; but 
there is plenty of room in the church, which is in a cold 
and desolate condition : it has, however, the advantage 
of a number of free sittings. The church-yard fence is 
bad : the roof is bad grey slate, and neither aisle nor 
chancel is ceiled. The clerk has 3d. from each house, 
and 5d. for each antient farm. The parsonage is good 
and roomy : it has, however, a staring roof of red pan- 
tiles. The garden is sheltered, and pretty. There are 
90 acres of contiguous glebe. They have two bells, a 
register beginning in 1 605, and a large cup and showey 
patten, which the clerk told me were both plated. There 
is a school kept by the clerk, but wholly unendowed. 
The books of the church are in bad condition, and ought 
to be new bound. 

V. Woodhorne, in the king's books, is valued at =21 
17s. 7d. ; pays yearly tenths 2 3s. 6f d. ; episcopal 
procurations 13s. 4d. ; and archidiaconal 12s. 

VI. PRESENTMENTS.- Woodhorne. The vicar was 
presented, and proceedings entered against him in 1601, 
because they had no sermons these twelve months : and, 
May 9, 1604, " John Wilkinson and 6 others, and John 
Codlin, piper," were presented " for going through 
Woodhorn on Sunday, the 26th of February last, in 
service time, to play at foot-ball with the said piper, 
before them." 

VII. 1. CHARITIES. Dr Triplet, vicar of this parish 
in 1630, by deed, dated Jan. 1664, directed a perpetual 
certain rent charge of =18 a year, then subject to his 
disposal, and vested in ten trustees named in the deed, 
to be applied to apprenticing boys and girls born in the 
parishes of Woodhorn, Whitburn, and Washington, to 
such trades as the trustees, or any three, four, or more of 
them, might think proper, and in the following proper- 



tions for Whitburn 8, and for Woodhorn and Wash- 
ington each =5. The deed provides for filling up the 
number of the trustees as often as they should be re- 
duced to four, and authorizing them to retain reason- 
able expences incurred in executing their trust. Soon 
after the doctor's death, the trustees sold the rent 
charge, and with the purchase money bought an estate 
in the township of Stockton on Tees, consisting of 
about 42 acres, and having upon it a farm-house and 
out-buildings ; besides which, in 1809, they were pos- 
sessed of 266 13s. 8d. navy five per cent, stock. The 
list of the trustees, as filled up in January, 1 809, was 
as follows : Sir Hedworth Williamson, bart. ; William 
Watson, of North Seaton, John Hogg, of Norton, Wm 
Sleigh, of Stockton, Henry Stapylton, of Norton, Geo. 
Brown, of Stockton, esquires; and the rev. Messrs 
Christopher Anstey, of Norton, John Brewster, of Eg- 
glescliffe, and H. Cotes, of Bedlington. (Surt. Dur. ii. 

2. In the year 1800, the sum of 1200 was left by 
a Mr Forster, for establishing a charity school, in which 

25 children might be instructed ; but, from a flaw in 
the construction of the will, the executors were told 
that the transaction would be illegal ; they, however, 
promised to carry the will of the testator into effect, 
and paid 25 to a master, and gave annually some arti- 
cles of clothing ; but both being now dead, the heirs 
have refused to continue the salary or refund any of 
the property. (Mack. ii. 126.) 

3. Lady Bulkeley, of the family of Warren, owners 
of Widdrington, in this parish, bequeathed by her will, 
in 1826, 500 to the use of the poor in this parish, for 
ever, constituting the archdeacon of Northumberland 
and the vicar of Woodhorn trustees of the charit}'. 
Her ladyship's executors paid in the full sum without 
deduction; and, May 5, 1826, it was bought into the 
three per cents., and produced =642 Is. Id. stock. (Dr 
Singleton's Visit. Book.) 

VIII. SCHOOL at Woodhorn. In 1577, Aymer Oxley, 
schoolmaster here, was presented at the visitation at 
Morpeth, for not being licensed to his office. 

WOODHORN is situated on rich flat land, and the road from Newbigging to 
Morpeth branches off in it, one way by Bothal and Pegsworth, and the other 
by Longhurst. On the Bothal line is the residence of Francis Johnson, esq. 
whose mother was eldest daughter of the late William Cresswell, of Cresswell, 
esq. The street leading to Longhurst is the larger of the two ; but cannot 
be commended for much order or neatness. The antient wind-mill of this 
place still remains, but the stream that formerly toiled in the wheel of its 
water mill now passes idly into the sea. Thomas de Raynton, in 1327, died 
seized of lands in Woodhorn and Seaton : and, in the following year, the 
prior of Tynemouth occurs as having two tofts and two places here." Lands 
in Woodhorn, Newbigging, and other places in this county, which had proba- 
bly been forfeited in the rebellion of Gilbert de Middleton, were, in 1360, 
granted to Robert, son and heir of Robert de Seaton, for 20. The Thorn- 
tons, of Netherwitton, had also lands here and in Seaton, in 1428 and 1516. 
George Birletson, of Woodhorn, yeoman, occurs in a list of freeholders liable 
to serve on juries at the assizes in 1628 ; and, at the assizes, in the preceding 
year, Anthony Errington and Isabella Rayloston had a suit about the division 

III. i. 67. 

Brand's Newc. ii. 92. 


of lands in the same places. 9 In 1663, lord Widdrington is put down in the 
schedule of the county rate as the only proprietor here, and as having a 
water-mill and wind-mill/ But John Widdrington, 8 of Stonecroft, (who, 
in the same document, is assessed for lands in Seaton,) by his will, in 1664, 
gave to his sister Ursula Montenoy, of Stonecroft, and to her heirs for ever, 
" all her lands in Woodhorn, and in Seaton, alias Monkseaton and Woodhorn, 
which he had lately purchased of sir Henry Widdrington, of Blackheddon, 
knight, and Nicholas Whitehead, of Morpeth, gent, and Margaret his wife.'" 
The rental of the lands and houses here which had belonged to lord Wid- 
drington, and were purchased by the York Building Company, amounted in 
17^3, to 734 18s. a year, and at present belong to the rev. Mr Waddilove 
and lady Vernon, to whom her part of them descended from the late Eliza- 
beth Harriet viscountess Bulkley, only daughter of sir George Warren, who 
married Jane, only daughter of Thomas Revel, esq. who bought them of 
government after the York Building Company had failed to complete their 
purchase of lord Widdrington's estates. In 1774, Francis Barlow, esq. of the 
Crown Office, London, the rev. Robert Darley WaddUove, of Topclive, in 
Yorkshire, but then in Spain, and the rev. Mr Bedford and Robert Moxon, 
esq. of London, had an estate in this township. 

WOODHORN DEMESNE was also one of the estates of lord Widdrington pur- 
chased by the York Building Company ; but on their failing to make their 
bargain good, sold in 1750, under authority of decrees of chancery, to the 
Cresswell family. It consists of 303 acres of most excellent grazing ground ; 
and in 1723 let for 166 a year, and in 1750 for 168. The mansion-house 
has an extensive sea prospect from it, and was occupied by A. J. Cresswell 
Baker, esq. the proprietor of the estate, during the time he was engaged in 
building his seat at Cresswell : in some documents it is called Woodhorn Red 
House. This estate was purchased in 1774 by John Addison, esq. of Whitby, 
husband of Elizabeth, sister of John Cresswell, esq. and great-aunt of Mr Baker. 

NORTH SEATON is often in old writings called Seaton Woodhorne, or Seaton 
near Woodhorn. John de Seaton, one Lawrence, and the heirs of Walter of 
Seaton, in 1240, each held one-third part of Seaton by the yearly payment 
of one mark each. u In 1292, Tinmouth priory had possessions in " North 

<J Swinb. MSS. iii. 5, 105. r III. i. 281, 282. 

* This John Widdrington was son to Ralph, brother to sir Henry, father of William first lord 
Widdrington. * Raine's Test. 903. III. i. 220. 



Seton" worth 7s. a year j v and the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusa- 
lem, in 1294, claimed different privileges in his lands " in Ulgham, Wete- 
wirth, Seton, Newbigging, Ellington, and elsewhere."* William, the son of 
Isabella de Seaton, in I860, gave 100s. to the crown for forfeited lands in 
Seaton and Woodhorn ; and Robert, son and heir of Robert of Seaton, for 
20, had, in the same year, a grant of similar lands in Woodhorn and New- 
bigging.* David Holgrave gave lands here to a chantry in Bothal church in 
the time of Richard the Second. 7 The families of Widdrington and Thornton 
had also possessions here, as appears by numerous inquisitions and other evi- 
dence, to which it would be tedious to allude. Robert lord Ogle, by will, 
dated 5 May, 1543, left to his wife, among other possessions, a tenement in 
Seaton, near Woodhorn. Robert lord Lumley, whose family inherited much 
of the Thornton property, died in the time of James the First, seized of lands 
in Seaton, otherwise called Woodhorn Seaton. Rowland Archer, of Seaton, 
occurs in a list of jurors for Morpeth ward in 1628. a The proprietors here, 
in 1663, were Mr John Widdrington, of Stonecroft, the lady Young, Thomas 
Potts, Thomas Watson, and Rowland Archer. a John Rogers, of Denton and 
Rutchester, esq. had an estate here, in 1765, worth 300 a year, which was 
sold after his death ; b and at present the whole township is the property of 
Wm Watson, esq. whose mansion-house is situated in the village of North 
Seaton, and about half a mile from the sea. The ground about this place is 
of excellent quality. Formerly there was a hospital between North Seaton 
and Newbigging ; and, in the soil, above a grindstone quarry on the sea banks, 
a little north of the village, called the Spital quarry -, an urn of red clay, and 
of the usual form, was found, at the depth of three feet, " placed between 
four stones set edge- ways, with a stone cover. " c 

v Brand's Newc. ii. 592. w III. i. 130. * III. ii. 326, 327. y Id. 262. 

z Swinb. MSS. iii. 103. III. i. 281. * Newc. Cour. 2 Feb. 1765. 

c Wallis, ii. 339. The lands of North Seaton adjoin the north side of the mouth of the Wans- 
oeck, which Harrison says, was called " in old time Deva, and is far greater than the Line. It 
issuetb, up west and by north of West Whelpington, thence it runneth to Kirkwhelpington, Wal- 
lington, Middleton, and Angerton. Here it meeteth with a water running from about Farneylaw 
by the Grange, and Hartburne on the north, and then going from Angerton, it runneth by Mose- 
den to Mitford, and there in like manner crosseth the Font, which issuing out of the ground about 
Newbigging, goeth by Nonneiekirke, Witton Castle, Stanton, Nunriding, Newton, and so into 
the Wansbeck, which runneth in like manner from Mitford to Morpeth Castle (within two miles 
whereof it ebbeth and floweth), the New Chapel, Bothal Castle, Shipwash, and so into the sea/* 
(Description of England in 1577. ) 




[Collected chiefly from inscriptions in Woodhorn church and church-yard. Several of the tombstones belonging to the 
family have been cut into flags, and employed in flooring the church.] 

sd to county rate for lands there in 1663 ; on Nov. 19, in which year he pur-T 3 

I. THOMAS WATSON, of North Seaton, 
chased lands at Linemouth. 

. RALPH WATSON/T^ANE, wife ofRalph Watson, of North JOHN LAWSON, of Long-TBARBARA, daur. of Edward Cook, 

of North Seaton. 

j Seaton ; buried in Woodhorn church, 
Jan. 16, 167*. 

DOROTHY, widow of Ralph Watson, late of North Seaton; 
buried in Woodhorn church, Oct. 27, 171*. 

hurst and the Old-moor; 
married in 1671 ; & great 
grandfather of the present 
Wm Lawson, of Long- 
hurst, esq. 

of Amble New Hall, who was pro- 
genitor of the Cooks, of Togston, 
Newton on the Moor, Brainshaugb, 
and Blakemoor. 


SON, of North Seaton, 
esq. married DIANA, 

daur. of Mitford, 

of ^ 

A. B. and M. D., of 
Linemouth. His 
will is dated July 
28, 1721 ; and he 
died Aug. 11, in the 
same year, aged 32. 

mentioned in the 

entail of Line- 
mouth, in his bro. 

Lawson, of Long- COE, vicar of Wood- 
hurst and the Old- horn, 2nd husb. He 
moor ; born Oct. married 1st. in 1724, .....,.,,,, i*. ^ 
12, 1688 ; married ANNE, daur. of Dr. Ralph's will, 
at Bothal, May 28, Ellison, prebendary 
1713. of Durham, &c. ; and died March 8, 1766, 
aged 90. (See above, pp. 91 ft 186.) 


born Feb. 9, 1682; 
mar. HENRY AT- 
KINSON, of New- 
castle, hoastmau. 


son of Stephen Watson, 
buried at Woodhorn in 

ton, was some- 
time chairman of 
the quarter ses- 
sions for this county, and major of the North- 
umberland militia ; died Feb. 23, 1805, and 
buried at Woodhom. 

2. STEPHEN WAT-nrDoROTHY, daur. and JANE, daur.-j-HENRY ATKINSON, esq. born Sep. 11, 1713; 

SON, of North Sea- co-heir of Dr Watson, & co-heir of/Kmarried at Woodhorn, June 2, 1748 ; died 

Dr Watson, July 22, 1793 ; and buried at All Saints, 
Linemouth ; Newcastle. [For account of his brother and 
buried at All sisters, and their connection with the Scotts, 
Saints,New- Baron Stowell and Earl oj Eldon, see thepedi- 
castle, Jan. gree of Atkinson, of Linemouth. below p. 193.] 
6, 1796. 

of Linemouth. In 
Oct. 1765, she & her 
husband sold & con- 
veyed her moiety of 
Linemouth, to Hen. 
Atkinson, her sis- 
ter's husband- 

V. 1. RALPH WATSON, 2. STEPHEN diedNov. 21, 1751, aged 5 years. 

eld. son of Stephen Wat- 3. STEPHEN died Jan. 30, 1753, aged 1 year. 

son, of North Seaton; 4. STEPHEN died Oct. 23, 1766, aged 2 years. 

a captain in the North- 5. WILLIAM WATSON,-TELIZABETH, daur. 

umberland militia; died of North Seaton, esq. | of John Reed, esq. 


at Bedlington, 4 Feb. 
1780, aged 36. (Newc. 

of Ackllngton ; ob. 

VI ,n.V<A.UUg fcV* y W W 

in July, 1828, and was buried in Wood- ton. 
horn church. 

1822, and 
was bur. 
at Hor- 

SON, of Cowpen, 
esq., where he 
died May 3, 1802, 
aged 59. He was 
buried at Hor- 

January 20, 
1820, & was 
bur. at Bed- 

of Shilford, 

in the parish 

of Bywell St 



VI. 1. WILLIAM WATSON, 1. DOROTHY WATSON, daur. and co-heir, married at Horton, 1. MATTHEW POTTS, esq. living at 

eld. son & heir, born Aug. Sept. 17, 1800, to CHARLES DALSTON PURVIS, of Earsdon, Morpeth, married ANNE YOUNG- 

12, 181*. esq., who married first, Mary, daur. of Robert Surtees, esq., HUSBAND COLLINSON, by whom he 

2. STEPHEN WATSON died of Milkhouse-burn, by whom he had issue Anne; Thomas, & has issue 1. Anne; 2. Dorothy; 
Aug. 19, 1823, aged 3 years, barrister in Lincoln's Inn; Robert Anthony, an attorney-at-law 3. George; 4. Eliza; 5. Maria; 6. 

3. JOHN THOMAS WATSON in Newcastle ; and Mary. By his second wife, he had issue Fanny. 

born , 1824. Dorothy Diana, married Oct. 11, 1827, at St Andrew's, New- 2. DOROTHY Porrs married HEN. 

4. ELIZABETH died at Edin- castle, to John Anderson, esq., a banker there, by whom BRUMELL, esq. of Morpeth, by 
burgh, April 14, 1826, aged she has issue one daur. Dorothy Elizabeth Anderson. Mr C. D. whom she has issue 1. Dorothy ; 
15 years; buried in Wood- Purvis died July 21, 1821. (See pedigree of Atkinson, under 2. Henry; 3. George; 4. Hadwin ; 
horn church, where there Linemouth.) 5. John ; 6. Matthew; 7. Jane; 8. 
is a monument of white 2. MARGARET DIANA WATSON, daur. and co-heir of Cuthbert Edward; 9. Charles; 10. Frank. 
marble to her memory. Watson, married the REV. RALPH ERRINGTON, youngest son 

5. DINAH born Oct. 9, 1814. of the late John Errington, esq. of Walwick Chesters, by whom she has issue five sons and eight 

6. CLARA died young. daughters, viz. 1. Cuthbert William; 2. Ralph; 3. John; 4. Thomas Charles ; 5. Frederick' Watson : 

7. DORAH,boraAp. 30, 1817. and, 1. Diana; 2. Mary Isabella ; 3. Dorothy; 4. Margaret Anne; 5. Ellen; 6. Francet ; 7. Louisa 

Jane; 8. Elisatbeth Augusta : all living in Sep. 1829. 

HURST is situated on the way between Bothal and Woodhorn, and belongs 
to the duke of Portland, Mr Watson, of North Seaton, and the rev. Robert 
Green, of Newcastle. In 1240, Linemouth, and a moiety of this township, 
were holden by Robert de Rue of John de Balliol by a twelfth part of a knight's 
fee of the old feoffment ; and the other half of Hurst, by Elias of Hurst, by 
the soccage service of five shillings a year. d The grant of Woodhorn and 
Newbigging, which Maria, countess of Pembroke, in 1336, made to John de 
Denton, also included possessions in " Hurst arid Linmuthe." In 1360, 
Richard Hunter gave ten marks for lands in Hurst, Newbigging, and Elling- 

III. i. 212, 226. 

e Woodh. Misc. No. 12. 


ton, which had belonged to John de Horsley and John Thorald, adherents of 
Gilbert de Middleton/ Thomas lord Lumley, 13 Edw. IV. acquired three 
acres of land here. g In the time of Henry the Eighth the lords Ogle of Bothal 
had lands in this township, and John Ogle, esq. resided in it. Edward Riddle 
granted lands in Hurst, near Woodhorn, to Ralph lord Ogle ; and, in 1510, 
the same Ralph lord Ogle granted the manor of the same place to his son 
William Ogle, esq. and their heirs. h But another deed relates that Robert 
lord Ogle, in 1513, gave to his mother, Margaret Ogle, for life, all his lands 
here, which his father Ralph lord Ogle had by the gift of John Weddall, with 
remainder to his brother William arid his heirs. 1 Robert lord Ogle died 4 
Elizabeth, possessed of the " castle of Hyrste," then in the tenure of George 
Ogle for life, and holden of the earl of Westmoreland as of the manor of By- 
well. j George Ogle, of the Hirst, was also one of the supervisors of the will 
of the same Robert lord Ogle ; k and occurs as a commissioner for inclosure 
upon the Middle Marches in 1552. 1 " Thomas Errington, of the Hirst, gent." 
was a freeholder of this county in 1628 ; m and, in 1663, a portion of Hurst 
belonged to Mr William Errington, and the rest to the marquis of Newcastle. 11 
The castle of Hirst is still remaining ; but is nothing more than a strong old 
farm-house, with a small tower, elevated very slightly above the roof of the 
building, and apparently for the defence of the door. 

LiNEMouTH has its name from being situated on the small estuary of the 

f III. ii. 275, 327. Supra, p. 160. h Woodh. Misc. Nos. 10 & 1 1. II. i. 392, 1 1, a. 
J Cole's Esch. 760, p. 311. k II. i. 392. 1 Border Laws, 332. m Swinb. MSS. ii. 105. 

n ll. i. 281. 

The mouth of the Line was rendered remarkable by a spermaceti whale of the species called 
Physeter macrocephalus being killed at it on August 8, 1822. It was 61 feet long, and 37 feet 4 
inches in girth. The breadth of its tail was 14 feet; of its head 10 feet 9 inches ; and the space 
from the eyes to the nose 21 feet. The upper jaw projected 5 feet over the lower one, which had 
two rows of teeth, externally resembling ivory, but porous and ash-coloured within. Its height, 
when first thrown on shore, was 12 feet ; and it produced 9 tons and 158 gallons of oil. It was 
claimed by the proprietors of the land on each side of the Line ; but the admiralty settled the 
dispute between the claimants by seizing the oil, and fixing their broad arrow upon the bones, 
which were latterly given up to Mr Cresswell Baker, and removed into the pleasure grounds at 
Cresswell, where they will be long admired as objects of rarity and vastness of size. For several 
days after it was killed, immense crowds of people flocked from the adjacent country, and even 
from great distances to see it ; and its stupendous size never failed to rivet the attention of all who 
viewed it. Whales of this kind are natives of the Greenland seas and Davis* Straits ; but they 
are occasionally found further south. 


Line, which Harrison calls the Lune, and describes as " a pretty brook rising 
west of Espley, from whence it goeth to Tritlington, Ulgham, Linton, and 
ere long into the sea." It is a township of one farm, and a little more than 
300 acres. In 1240, John, son of Robert Rue, held it and Hurst by military 
service j p and, in 11 Edward III. the countess of Pembroke conveyed it to 
John de Denton, burgess of Newcastle. 11 Sir Ralph de Eure, in 10 Henry V. 
died seized of this place, and of property in the contiguous villes of Hayden 
and Ellington/ In 11 Charles I. there was a trial at law in the exchequer 
side of the court of chancery, respecting wreck upon the sea coast within this 
estate. 8 In 1663, Mr William Horsley, of High Callerton, was assessed to 
county rate for Linemouth, High Callerton, and the Hole-house ;' and, in 
1721, Dr Watson left this estate to his two daughters and co-heirs : Jane, the 
elder of whom, as stated in the pedigree of the family of Watson, of North 
Seaton, married Henry Atkinson, father of the late Ralph Atkinson, esq. of 
Newcastle, who left this place and his other landed property to James Henry 
Holes Bradford, son of General Sir Thomas Bradford, by his niece, the only 
daughter of his brother James Atkinson, esq. of Newcastle. 


[Compiled from memoranda and muniments in the possession of the family, and from information obligingly communicated 

by Robert Anthony Atkinson, esq. ] 

ARMS granted to Robert Anthony Atkinson, of Newcastle upon Tyne, esq. and to Anne Atkinson, his wife, in pursuance 
of the will of Ralph Atkinson, esq. : Erminois, on a fess cottised gules, between three pheons azure, a lion passant or, 
between three roses argent. CREST : On a wreath of the colours, on a mount vert, a pheon azure between two roses spring- 
ing from the mount argent, stalked and leaved proper. 

I. ELEANOR FORSTER=HENRY ATKINSON, of Newcastle, hoastman. ! r : MARGARET LAWSON, daur. of John Lawson, of Long- 
married 26 July, 1694 ; His father died Jan. 26, 1688, and his mo- hurst, by his wife Barbara, daur. of Edward Cook, of 
buried Dec. 30, 1705. ther Mary, Sep. 29, and was bur. at Gates- Amble New Hall ; born 9 Feb. 1682 : married at Bo- 
head, Oct. 3, 1714, aged 76. thai, Feb. 2, 1706 ; died Nov. 19, 1726, and buried in 

^_^__________ | All Saints church, Newcastle. 

i i i i i 

II. 1. JOHN ATKINSON, born Feb. 7, 1708. 1. JANE ATKINSON,-TWILLIAM SCOTT, coal-fitter 2. MARGARET ATKINSON, born 
He settled in London, and married, April 4, born Aug. 31, 1709; and merchant in Newcas- April 7, 1715 ; died June 19, 
1741, Miss Henly, by whom he had issue died July 17, 1800, tie ; married at Horton 1744. 

Anne, wife of John Wardle, of Fenchurch and was buried at chapel, in the parish of 3. BARBARA ATKINSOII, born 
Street, London./K All Saints. Woodhorn, on Monday, Dec. 19, 1721 ; married JOHN 

2. HENRY ATKINSON, esq. born-r JANE, dau. Aug. 18,1740. RICHARDSON, and died 27 Dec. 

Sept. 11, 1713; marr. at Wood- and co-heir of Dr Watson, of 1807, without issue, 

horn, 2 June, 1743 ; died July I Linemouth ; bur. at All Saints, 
22, 1793. He was both bap. & Newcastle, Jan. 6, 1796. 
bur. at All Saints, Newcastle. | 

p III. i. 212, i Woodh. Misc. No. 12. * III. ii. 269. 

8 Martin's Index. ' III. i. 257, 318. 




Issue of Henry Atkinson, esq. 

and Jane Watson. 



Issue of William Scott 

and Jane Atkinson. 


Hi. 1. HENRY ATKINSON died an Infant. 8. JOHN ATKINSON, esq., born 1. WILLIAM SCOTT, now BARON STOWELL, of 

g. RALPH ATKINSON, esq. born Oct. 6, 17*9; May 8, 1760; mair. at Tyne- Stowell Park, In the county of Gloucester, F. R.S. 

died 16 May, 1827 ; was bap. and buried mouth, in 1793, to BARBARA and D.C.L. ; was born at Heworth, in the county 

at All Saints, Newcastle. By his will, COWARD; died Mar. 19, 1818, of Durham, Oct. 28, 1746; on Sept. 22 in which 

which is dated March 30, 1827, he devised s. p. ; bap. and buried at All year, Newcastle, in consequence of the defeat of 

his manors and estates at Angerton, South Saints, Newcastle. General Cope by the rebel forces, was thrown into 

Middleton, Linemouth, Shipley, Weetsled, 5. CHARLES ATKINSON died 27 the greatest consternation, and many of its most 

and Hallywell, all in this county, in trust, Jan. 1778, s. p. opulent merchants immediately fled, taking with 

for the children of his niece dame Mary 6. JANE ATKINSON, born Aug. them into the country their most valuable effects. 

Anne Atkinson, by her husband sir Thos. 3, 1757 ; marr. at All Saints, Among others who fled from the rising storm 

Bradford ; and his premises in Newcastle, 19 Nov. 1786, to THOMAS was lord Stowell s mother : she was lowered trom 

In trust, for the children of his sister, Jane RUTHERFORD, esq. who died the walls of the town by a basket into a boat in 

Rutherford. His will expressly orders his 9 Dec. 1814, and was buried the Tyne, and conveyed to Heworth, as a place 

trustees to manage his affairs under the at All Saints, Newcastle. Mrs of greater security for her confinement. For an 

direction of the high court of chancery. Rutherford was living in Sep- account of his lordship's public life, I refer the 

4. JAMES ATKINSON, born 29 July. 1751 ; tember, 1829. =r reader to the Peerages of the Realm. I may not, 

1>. *>A1XLE.O JKXAMiMMIJ Vlflll -tC7 *U1Y, ft f WB , 

married MARY LAWTON ; & died 14 Feb. 
1816. His wife died June 17, 1818.=r 

however, be considered as going out of my way, 
by observing that the circumstance of his lordship 
being born at Heworth enabled him to take one 
of the Durham fellowships in University College, 
Oxford, in 1766, and afforded him the first step to those high honours to which his industry, high integrity, and trans- 
cendant talents have raised him. His lordship, too, has shown great affectionate regard for the place of his birth, by going- 
to see it in his several visits to Newcastle. He married, firstly, in 1782, ANNA MARIA, eldest daur. and co-heir of John 
Bagnall, of Early Court, Berkshire, by whom he has issue 1. William Scott, M. P. for Gatton, born May 23, 1794. 
2. Marianne, married firstly, to Thomas Townshend, esq. who died in 1820 ; and secondly, in 1823, to Henry, first and 
present Viscount Sidmouth. Lord Stowell's second wife was LOUISA CATHARINE, marchioness of Sligo, to whom he was 
married in 1813. She died in 1817. 

2. BARBARA SCOTT, born at Heworth, and twin sister of lord Stowell ; died in Newcastle, May 3, 1823. 

3. HENRY SCOTT, merchant in Newcastle, married MARY, daur. of Thomas Cook, of Togston, and died Dec. 8, 1799 ; 
which Mary died June 3, 1825, having had by her husband issue one daughter Mary Scott, who married Joseph Forster, of 
Seaton Burn, in this county, esq. and alderman of Newcastle ; and was living in Sept. 1829, having had issue by her hus- 
band, who died April 7, 1821 : 

1. Henry Forster, who died at Calais, 6 June, 1823. 

2. Joseph Fiancis Forster, married firstly, in France, in 1823, to the Baroness St Benny, who died at Chartres, 19 Nov. 

1823 ; and secondly, on May 19, 1825, at the English ambassador's chapel in Paris, to Jttnie Jombart, who is now 
living, and a widow, her husband having died May 18, 1828, s. p. 8. Ellen Forster. 

4. William John Forstrr, who married Ap. 20, 1829, Frances, only daur. of Dr Hird, of Leeds. 

4. JANE SCOTT, born May 22, 1750, and died May 8, 1822 ; having married SIR THOMAS BURDON, of West Jesmond, knt. 
who died July 26, 1826, and by him having had issue 

1. William Burdon, died in Feb. 1823. 2. Thomas Burdon, died in Feb. 1829. 

3. Richard Burdon, esq. married 1 1 Feb. 1815, Eliza, only daur. of sir James Sanderson, baronet, on which occasion he 

took the name and arms of SANDERSON in addition to his own. The issue of this marriage are Richard, Eliza, 
Mary, and John Scott, all living in 1829. 

5. JOHN SCOTT, viscount Encombe, of Encombe, in the county of Dorset, and EARL, OF ELDON, of Eldon, in the county 
of Durham, D.C.L., F.R.S., and F.A.S., many years lord high chancellor of England, and living in 1829. Lord Eldon 
was born in his father's mansion-house in Love Lane, Newcastle, June 4, 1751. For an account of his lordship's brilliant 
and upright career as a lawyer and statesman, I must refer my reader to the Peerages of the Realm and the Histories of 
our country, in which he appears as one of the most prominent and conspicuous figures of his age. His lordship married 
ELIZABETH, daur. of AUBONE SURTEES, esq. of Newcastle upon Tyne, by whom he has issue : 

1. John Scott, who, in 1804, married Henrietta Elizabeth, only daur. of sir Matthew White Ridley, bart. by whom, 

having died in 1805, he left issue John Viscount Encombe, born in Nov. 1805, and living in Sept. 1829. His 
widow re-married to William Farrar, Esq. 

2. William Henry Scott, M. P. for Newport, in the Isle of Wight ; born 25 Feb. 1795. 

3. Elizabeth, married in 1807 to John Stanley Repton, esq. 

4. Frances. Jane, married in 1820, to the Rev Edward Bankes. 

IV. 1. JANE AT- 
KINSON died an in- 

AINSLIE, esq., 
lieut. -colonel in 
the army ; mar- 
lied May 12, 1807, at St Andrew's, 
Newcastle; died at Messina, in 1811, 
and was buried at All Saints, New- 
castle, in 1812. 


ATKINSON liv- | It.C.B., a lieut. -general 2. JANE RUTHERFORD married JOHN TODD, 
ing in 1829. | in the army, and colonel esq. of Tranby, Yorkshire, at St Andrew's, 

of the 30th regt. ; was church, Newcastle, March 27, 1828. 
commander of the forces in Scotland 3. ANNE RUTHERFORD, in compliance with 
six years, from 1819 to 1825. In Aug. the injunction of the will of her uncle, 
1822, he received his present Majesty Ralph Atkinson, esq. by sign manual 
on his landing at Leith ; and, in 1826, bearing date Dec. 3, 1827, took the sur- 
was appointed commander of the forces name of Atkinson only, and the arms of 
at Bombay. Atkinson. She married at St Andrew's, 

Newcastle, May 31, 1828, ROBERT AN- 
THONY PURVIS, second son of Charles Dalston Purvis, esq. by Mary, his first wife : In consequence of which marriage, 
and in compliice with the will of the said Ralph Atkinson, esq. her husband, by sign manual, bearing date June 26, 1828, 
took the surname of Atkinson only, and the arms of Atkinson. 

4. MARY RUTHERFORD, living in 1829. 

horn March 18, 1808 ; and lieut. 
in the 4th light dragoons. 

1. JAMES HENRY HOLES BRADFORD, born 9 March, 1819. 


3. GEORGINA AUGUSTA FREDERICA BRADFORD, born in Edinburgh, where she was bap. 

in 1822, having for her godfathers, his present Majesty, and her great uncle Ralph- 
Atkinson, esq., and for her godmothers, Mrs Falconer, sister to sir Thomas Brad- 
ford, and Mrs John Atkinson, of Newcastle. 

4. RALPH BRADFORD, born Oct. 6, 1823. 



ELLINGTON, that is, river town, has its name from its situation on the river 
Line. The highway to it from Cresswell goes off in it in one direction to 
Morpeth, and in another to Widdrington and Ulgham. It is a clean and well 
built village, seated on rock, on the brow of a hill, fronting the west, and 
having land of good quality about it. This, with Hayden" and Cresswell, in 

u ELLINGTON, in former times, had several proprietors in it. Alexander de Dumart, about the 
time of king John, gave to Walter de Balliol, and his heirs, in fee, two bovates of land in Elling- 
ton, consisting of 60 acres, which Alden the son of Ucthred held there, and other two bovates 
holden by Norman, the son of Urskill (Woodh. Misc. No. 13) ; and, about the same time, Robert 
de Balliol gave to Walter, the son of Philip of Linton, those twelve acres of land in the field of 
Ellington, which he accepted in exchange of his lord, Thomas de Percoy for a rent of 40s. which he 

had in the ville of (Id. No. 14.) Also, by a deed without date, but probably executed 

about 1240, Beatrice Pawlyn, of Ellington, in her widowhood, gave to Robert, son of Walter of 
Ellington, that toft of her land which laid between her own ground and the ground of Wm Byker 
and measured at the top towards the king's highway, 9 feet in length and breadth, and at the lower 
part 20 feet in length and breadth, and the broadest part which extended to the park (vivarium), 
contained 200 feet in length and breadth j also half a rood of land adjoining the park, between the 

grounds of Ralph, son of Tymoth, and those of William Byker (Id. 15.} The prior of the 

hospital of St John of Jerusalem had possessions here in 1294, for which he claimed various im- 
munities. (III. i. 130} ; Agnes Graper died seized of lands in this place in 1343; and John de 
Wendout, and his heirs, as appears by several inquests after their deaths, in the reigns of Edward 
the Third and Richard the Second, had a messuage and 18 acres of land here. (III. i. 74, 84 ; 
III. ii. 252, 253, 258, 259.; Edward the Third, in 1360, granted to John Hunter, for the sum 
often marks, divers lands and tenements in Hurst, Newbigging, Ellington, and elsewhere, which 
had belonged to John de Horsley and John Thorald, adherents to Gilbert de Middleton in his 
spirited revolt against Edward the Second. A writ of ad quod damnum was issued, in 1377, to 
enquire respecting lands in this and other places, granted to the priory of Tynemouth ; and ano- 
ther, in the time of Henry the Sixth, respecting divers messuages in Alnwick, eight in Warkworth, 
and two in Ellington, granted to the chaplains of the chantry of the Blessed Virgin in Alnwick, 
by Henry earl of Northumberland. (III. ii. 277, 401, 406.} In 29 Elizabeth there was a decree 
in a suit in the exchequer, for the tenants in Ellington to enjoy Aldenfield for ever by paying 20s. 
a year to the queen, and the same sum to the defendant in the suit (Martin's Index} ; and the 
indexes to the Records in the Office of the Auditor of the Land Revenue refer to grants of lands 
and tenements here, in the same reign, to Reginald Briscoe and Henry Haggerstone, and to four- 
teen other deeds or records respecting property in this place. 

HAYDEN was a member of the manor of Ellington, and in the barony of Balliol in 1240, when 
it belonged to Adam de Piriton, from whom it descended like Ellington, to the families of Vescy 
and Welles. No place of the name is known in this neighbourhood at present. Was it the place 
called the Dean-house, which is the name of a farm situated on a small dene on the left bank of 
the Line, and between the lands of Ellington and Linemouth ? 

HALLYWELL, which is also often classed in antient records with the manors of this parish that 


1240, was the manor of Adam de Piriton, from whom it passed by marriage 
to the antient and noble families of Vescy and Welles Y the latter of whom 
forfeited it at the battle of Towton field, in 1461, by adhering to the cause of 
the house of Lancaster against Edward the Fourth. The particulars I have 
been able to collect respecting the 


Are slightly interwoven with the warp and woof of the following pedigree, by the evidences to which, as well as by the 
Inquisitiones Post Mortem, and other records, it will be seen that the name of the last of these families was usually written 
WELLE. The parts without reference to authority, are from Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 10, &c. 

ADAM DE PIRITON, in 1240, held Ellington, Cresswell, and Hayden, in this=p ADAM DE WELLES, in 1294, was in the retinue*? 1 

county, by one knight's fee of the old feoffment, and died 60 Henry III., j of William de Vescy in the wars in Gascony, 

1266, possessed of the same property, besides Saxton, Multon, and Wan- I was summoned to parliament from 27 Edw. I. 

grave, in Northamptonshire. (HI. i. 44, 212 s Cat- Ing, p. m. i. 28.) { to 4 Edw. II. 1311, in which last year he died. 

with whom the abbot and convent of that name of " Isabella de Welle," wi- after the death of his 

place, by deed, dated at Alnwick, in 1269, dow of William de Vescy, by her 

covenanted not to buy any thing in the ter- deed without date, gave to her 

ritory of Ellington without his consent; and daurs. Cecilia and Alina, for their 

if they should infringe the letter of their life, the manor of Ellington, with 

covenant by making any bargain there, they its appurtenances in Hayden, Cress- 

of their own free will agreed that he might well, and elsewhere in Northum- 

distrain their fee in the ville of Ellington till berland (excepting a rent of 4s. out 

they had rendered him satisfaction for each of Newbigging), together with all 

purchase they made as far as the sum of 40s. the goods and chattels found upon 

(Woodh. Misc. No. 17, a.) Robert de Kay- the said manor, to hold by the an- 

i mncs. in 1271, quitclaimed to Wm de Ves- nual payment to her of .30 during 

cy all his part in the manor of Ellington, her life, and remainder to her and 

with all the appurtenances and escheats her heirs. She died 8 Edw. II. 1315. (Woodh. Misc. No. 17, ft. ,- Cal. Inq. 

which could possibly fall to him by inherit- p. m. vol. i. p. 258.) 
ance, except knights fees. He also granted 

to the said William certain rents in Novavilla and Notasse, in Glamorganshire ; and to this William and his wife Isabella, 
all his share of Chelleworth and Colecote. (Id. No. 16.) He died in 1297, possessed of two parts of Ellington, but with- 
out lawful heirs. (III. i. 53.) 

was 16 years old at 

first wife Isabella, wi- the time of his bro. 
dow of Wm de Vescy, Robt.'s death; was 
had re-married in summoned to par- 
1318 ; for he and his liament from 1332 
wife Jane, & his bro- to 1343 ; and died 
thers Adam and John, in 1345, possessed 
are mentioned in a re- of two parts of El- 
cord of 'that year. lington,besidescon- 
(Cal. Inq. p. m. i. 289.) siderable property 

in Northamptonsh. 

and Lincolnshire. 

were comprized within the barony of Balliol, is situated between Earsdon and Seaton Delaval, in 
the parish of Tynemouth, and in 1240 was holden by Eustace Delaval by the soccage service of 
free marriage, and since the time of queen Eliz. has belonged to the family of Bates, of Milburne. 
y The following anecdote is related by Dugdale, from Stowe : John lord Welles "in 19 Ric. 
II. being sent ambassador into Scotland to treat concerning certain matters of great importance be- 
twixt both kings, he happened to be at a solemn banquet, where the Scots and English were dis- 
coursing of deeds of arms, and said : ' Let words have no place : if ye know not the chivalry 
and valiant deeds of Englishmen, appoint me a day and place when ye list, and ye shall have 
experience.' Whereunto David earl of Crauford assenting, this John lord Welles chose London 
bridge for the place, and the earl of Crauford assigned St George's day for the time." " Upon the 
day of battle both of them coming to the bridge on their barbed horses, at the sound of trum- 
pet, encountered each other with square grounden spears ; in which adventure earl David sat so 
strong, that, notwithstanding the spear was broken on his helmet and visage, he stirred not, inso- 
much that the spectators cried out, that ' contrary to the law of arms, he was bound to the saddle.' 
Whereupon he dismounted, and got up again, and ran a second course j but, in the third, he 
threw this lord Welles out of his saddle to the ground ; and, dismounting again, embraced him, 
that the people might understand he had no hatred towards him, and with great humanity visited 
him afterwards every day till he recovered his health." (Baronage, ii. 1 1.) 


fi fi 

Issue of Robert de Welles Issue of Adam de Welles 
and Isabella de Piriton. and 

I ! 

CECILIA and ALINA had, by JOHN DE WELLES was 16 years old at the time of his = r = MAUD, " widow of sir John de Welle," 

the gift of their mother "Isa- father's death ; was summoned to parliament in 1367 
bella de Welle," the manor and 1360 ; and died in 1361, seized of the manor of 
of Ellington for life, on the Ellington, and lands in Cresswell and Haydon, in the 
conditions above-mentioned, barony of By well, and of large possessions in Lincoln- 
shire, Essex, and Northamptonshire. (HI. i. 80.) 

in 1366, as guardian of the body and 
lands of her son John, let the manor 
of Ellington and Hay den to Roger de 
Widdrington. ( Woodh. Misc. No. 18.) 

JOHN DE WELLES was ten years old at the time of his father's death ; served under Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, 5 ^ 
In 2 Richard II. ; fought a duel on London bridge with David earl of Crawford ; was summoned to parliament from 1367 
to 1422, in which last year he died seized of Ellington, and other large possessions ; and, in the same year, sir Ralph Eure 
whose family liad intermarried with the Vescys and the Aytons, heirs general of William de Vescy, died seized of certain 
interests in Ellington, Hayden, and Linemouth. fill, it. 269.) 

EUDO DE WELLES died in the lifetime of his father. n^lAUD, daughter of Ralph lord Greystock. 
JOAN, daughter^LEO DE WELLES was summoned to parliament from 1432 to 1440, but lost IHS^MARGARET, widow of John 

ofsirRobt. Wa- 

life 29 March, 1461, in Towton field, fighting on the side of the Lancastrian Beaufort, duke of Somerset, 

party : for which he was attainted! his lands and honours forfeited, and his married to Leo de Welles in 

property at Ellington granted in special tail to Robert lord Ogle.;'///, ii. 385. 25 Henry VI. 
See also Rot. Par. v. 477.) 

RICHARD DE WELLES was summoned to parliament, under the title of lord Willoughby, from 1455 ! T = JoAN, daur. of Robert 
to 1466, and fully restored to the blood and honours of his family ; but beheaded in 1469, in which lord Willoughby, of 
year Ellington is mentioned as one of the manors which was restored to him. j Eresby. 

RICHARD DE WELLES, in an attempt to JOAN DE WELLES had restitution=RicHARD HASTINGS, esq. brother of William lord 
avenge his father's death, was taken to her and her husband of the Hastings, chamberlaiu of the household of Edw. 
prisoner near Stamford, March 13, 1470, estates forfeited by her father and the Fourth. He was summoned to parliament 
by Edward the Fourth, and beheaded. her brother, but Ellington is not under the title of lord Welles, 22 Edw. IV. and 

mentioned among them. 1 Richard III. ; but died s. p. 

The family of Widdrington acquired possessions in Ellington at an early 
period ; for Robert of Gloucester gave to his own son John, a toft and a croft 
in " Hellington ;" and John the son conveyed to Duncan de Widdrington a 
toft, by deed without date ; and Richard, son of Robert of Gloucester, gave 
a toft and three acres of ground in Ellington, in 40 Henry III. to John, son 
of John de Widdrington.* About the same period, John lord of Widdrington 
gave to David Lasceles, in marriage with his cousin [cognata] Joan, all his 
land, with the tofts which he had by his own and his brother Duncan's pur- 
chase in this place ; x and Edmund de Ellington, the son of Ralph de Stokys, 
gave to Duncan de Widdrington half an acre of land in " territorio de El- 
lington." 7 In 1367, Isabella, the daughter and heir of sir Robert Darayns, 
knight, gave seisin to Roger de Widdrington of all her lands in Ellington, 
which fell to her by inheritance after the death of her father. 2 The posses- 
sions, however, which the Widdringtons acquired in this parish, as I have 
before noticed, continued all along, during the existence of the feudal system, 
to be holden of the barony of Balliol ; which, from the time of Richard the 
Second to that of queen Elizabeth, when it was forfeited, belonged to the Ne- 
villes of Raby ; which family, in 1388, held a moiety of Linemouth and Hurst 

* Woodh. Misc. No. 20, 21, 22. x Id. No. 19. J Id. No. 23. * Id. No. 24. 



in fee of the crown, as well as possessions in Ellington, Cresswell, and Hay- 
den.* Sir Ralph de Widdrington, in 1 Henry VII. gave to his chaplain Wil- 
liam de Thornton, for his good service, all the lands and tenements which he 
had in this place. 5 The property which this family had in Woodhorn parish 
in the time of Henry VI. is described in the inquest after the death of sir John 
de Widdrington, in 1444, as consisting of the manor of Woodhorn, a fishery 
on the Wansbeck, property in Newbigging, two husbandlands arid one cottage 
in Cresswell, three husbandlands and a cottage in Ellington, Newton near 
Ellington, and the ville of Linton. c The inquest after the death of lady Eliza- 
beth Carey, wife of Robert lord Carey, of Leppingtori, and widow of sir Henry 
Widdrington, enumerates the manor of Ellington as one of the possessions of 
the Widdrington family. There are also other inquests to the same effect ; 
one especially, 21 October, 34 Elizabeth, after the death of Henry Widdring- 
ton. They are not, however, returned as possessed of any lands here in 1663, 
for the only proprietors mentioned in Ellington in that year were Wm Brown, 
Matt. Hall, Wm Swan, Thomas Corby, Margery Smith, Mr John Fenwick, 
and Mr John Ridley ; d but, besides the manors of Woodhorn, Ellington with 
Cresswell, and Newbigging, which are enumerated among the possessions for- 
feited by lord Widdrington in 1715, there were also advertised for sale, lands 
in Ellington and Deanhouse, let in 1750 at 374- 16s., besides free rents out 
of the manor of Ellington amounting to 2 lls. 2d. annually. 6 After the 
failiire of the York Building Company to complete their purchase of these 
lands and interests, the greater part of them were sold, in 1750, under autho- 
rity of decrees in chancery, to Adam Askew, esq., M. D., of Newcastle, whose 
grandson Adam Askew, esq. of Redheugh, in the county of Durham, and of 
Wimpole Street, London, is their present proprietor. 


[This name was originally Ake-sket/gh, which signifies Oak-knoll, or hilly ground covered with wood. They were descend- 
ed from Thruston of the Wood (Thrustanus de Bosco), who lived in the time of king John, and had feoffment from the 
Boyvills, lords of Kirksanton, of a place called Akeskeugh, within the lordship of Millum, in Cumberland, from which place 
they derived their name. The authorities for the former part of this pedigree will be found in Burn and Nicholson's History 
of Westmorland, p. 255 ; and the latter part of it was comrannicated to the author by Richard Craster Askew, esq. of 
Newcastle upon Tyne.3 

I. SIB HUGH ASKEW, knight, who was descended from Thruston de Bosco, and raised tonr 
great honours and preferment for his services. to king Henry the Eighth, had a gift of the 
nunnery of Seaton, which is about four miles south of Mulcaster, in Cumberland, and w;is 
then worth 500 a year. He had been yeoman of the cellar to queen Catharine, but upon 
her divorce lost his situation ; but had it restored by a dexterous manoeuvre. " He applied 
himself for help to the lord chamberlain for some place or other in the king's service. The 
lord chamberlain knew him well, because he had helped him to a cup of the best ; but told 
him he had no place for him but that of a charcoal carrier. ' Well," quoth Askew, ' helpj 


III. ii. 257. b Woodh. Misc. No. 24. III. ii. 274. 
e Newc. Cour. 2 June, 1750. 

! , daur. of John Huddleston, 

of Mjllum Castle, in the county 
of Cumberland, one of whose 
wives was Joan, sister to sir John 
Seymour,, father of the lady Jane 
Seymour, third wife of Henry 
the Eighth. 

* III. i. 281. 

.II ..TOY .II TH//I 


Issue of sir Hugh Askew, knt. and Huddleston. 

me in with one foot, and let me get the other in as I can.^ And upon a great holiday, the king, looking put at some spoils, 



that disd 

Mr Aske 

your majesty 

the cellar ; hi 

berland ; and for his bravery and good conduct at the battle of Musselburgh, was created a knight banneret under the royal 
standard iu the camp at Roxburgh. His tombstone in Millum church bears the following inscription : " Here lyeth Sir 
Hughe Asketh, knight, late of the seller to king Edward the VI. : which Sir Hughe was maid knight at Muskelbroughfelde 
in the yere of oure Lord 1547, and died the second day of Mart-he In the year of pure lord 1562." 

II. HUGH ASKEW, of Greymanes, in the parish of Mulcaster, in the county of Cumberland, 
was nephew to Hugh the cellarer. 

Some think that this Hugh-r 

III. HENRY ASKEW, of Greymanes, died, according to the parish register of Mulcaster, in 1621.~r 

IV. WILLIAM ASKEW, who sold Greymanes, and purchased an estate at Kirkby, in coun. of Lancaster, and died in 1641. 

V. JOHN ASKEW, of Kirkby, in the county of Lancaster. =r 

VI ANTHONY ASKEW, of Kendal, M. P., second SOII.-T-ANNE, only daur. of Adam Storrs, of Storrshall, in coun. Lancaster 

I 1 1 

VII. ADAM ASKEW, of Newcastle upon Tyne, M. D., where he settled about-]-ANNE, a younger ANTHONY. MARGARET. 

daur. and co-heir 

the year 1725, and soon fell into very extensive practice. In 1750, he purchased 
the lands in Ellington and Linton forfeited by lord Widdrington in 1715, and 

died in 1773. 

I r-r i 1 i 

VIII. 1. MARGARET,=I. ANTHONY AsKEw,T-2. ELIZABETH, daur. 2. ADAM ASKEW, A.M., rector of 1. DEBORAH, died at 

of Richard Crakenthorpe, of Newbigging, in 
the county of Westmorland. 

daur. of Cuth. Swin- of London, M. D. just- 

burne, of Longwitton ly celebrated for his 

and the Westgate, in extensive collection of 

this county ; died with- books & manuscripts, 
out issue. especially such as 

Greek literature. He was born at Kendal in 
1722 ; of Emanuel College, Cambridge, B.M., 
1745 ; studied at Ley den ; and accompanied 
the English embassy to Constantinople : took 
the degree of M. D. June 3, 1750. He died 
at Hampstead, in 1784 ; after which his col- 
lection of books and manuscripts were sold 
for upwards of 5000. ( See Gentleman's Ma- 
gazine, 1784.) 

of Robert Halford, Plumland, in Cumberland, the per- the age of 19, un- 
esq., a master in petual advowson of which living married, 
chancery. She died his father, 22 Oct. 1765, purchased 2. ANNE died In 1813, 

in 1778. 

of the duke of Portland for 1300. unmarried. 
His father also purchased Middle- 

ton Hall, in the parish of Kirby Lonsdale, and left it to this Adam. 

3. HENRY ASKEW, M. D., practised for a short time as a physician. He mar- 
ried Dorothy, daur. of Adam Boultby, of Whitby, esq., and died in 1796, s. p. 
His widow died in 1792. They were both bur. in St John's church, Newcastle. 

4. JOHN ASKEW, esq. of Pallinsburn and Goswick, by his WH^T^BRIDGET, only 

dated 21 September, 1794, left the castle of Berwick, the Mills, 
and the estate of Castle Hills, to his wife, for life ; his lands 
at Holy Island to his son William ; and to his eldest son Geo. 
Adam, the silver jar given to him by lord Monthenner, to go 
with Pallinsbiirn as an heir loom. fRaine't Test. 833.) 

child of John 
Watson, esq. of 

IX. 1. ADAM ASKEW, of=AMV, daur. of 1. ANNE ELIZABETH.^:!. GEORGE ADAM ASKEW, of Pallinsburn and Goswick, esq. 

of Redheugh, in the coun. Robert Carey, 2. SARAH died about eldest son and heir, 

of Durham, and of Wim- a merchant in the year 1809, un- 2. ELIZABETH ANNE. 

pole Street, London, esq. ; London. married. 3. JOHN AVATSON, in holy orders ; fellow of University Col- 
created patentee high she- 3. DEBORAH married lege ; will dated January 19, 1805 (Raines Test. 846) ; died 
riff of the coun. pal. of Durham in 1809, SIR LUCAS PEPYS, bt. in 1810. 
on the death of sir Hed worth Williamson. M. D., and physician 4. SIR HENRY, K.C.B., a major-general in the army. 

2. ANTHONY LINACRE ASKEW, M. A., was to his late Majesty 5. WILLIAM was ttrst lieutenant of the Triumph, 74 guns, 
fellow of King's College, Cambridge ; died George the Third, and was killed by an accident on board in 1806. 
unmarried in 1818. and has no issue. 6. ISABELLA unmarried. 

3. HENRY ASKEW, in holy orders, rector 4. AMY married the 7. RICHARD CRASTER, a barrister in Newcastle upon Tyne, 
of Greystock, in Cumberland, marr. ANNE, REV. JOHN WASH- to whom the author is indebted for contributions to this 
daur. "of Thomas Sunderland, esq. of 171- INGTON, of Winches- pedigree. 

verstone, in coun. of Lancaster, by whom ter, and had issue 8. CHRISTOPHER CRACKENTHORPE, a captain in R. N. 

he has issue Henry, Anne, and Ellen. Henry, a clergyman, 9. HUGH BERTRAM, a retired officer in the naval sendee of 

4. RICHARD ASKEW, esq. was formerly who is dead, s. p. j the East India Company, 
a major in the 27th regiment of infantry, John, a lieut. . in the 

from which he hits retired on half-pay. army ; Adam, a barrister ; Elizabeth, and Maria. 

5. THOMAS ASKEW, esq. =T=LUCY, youngest 6. MARY died in 1784, unmarried. 

~ (lam-, of Robert 5. ELIZABETH. ^HENRY PERCY PULLEINE, of Carleton Hall, in Yorkshire. 
Carey, of London aforesaid, and sister of 


the wife of her husband's eldest brother. 

1' I I I I' I 1 I I I llti 1 

1. HENRY, a cornet in the first regiment of dragoons ; now dead. 6. FRANCES. 







3. HENRIETTA married Hinks, a capt. In the horse artillery. 8. ROBERT. 

4. JAMES. 9. SARAH. 

5. ANNE, wife of the Rev. Mr Ryder, of , near Sheffield. 10. CHARLOTTE. 

CRESSWELL has its name from a spring of fresh water at the east end of the 
village, the strand of which is grown up with water cresses. During the ex- 
istence of the feudal system, this township was accounted a member of the 


manor of Ellington, and in the Balliol barony ; the Cresswell family, there- 
fore, and the other proprietors in it, not holding their lands in capite, 
and the escheator consequently not making any inquisitions after their 
death, till the barony fell into the hands of the crown by the attainder of the 
earl of Westmorland, in queen Elizabeth's reign, the history of their descent, 
from father to son, for want of written testimony, is rendered intricate and 
difficult to illustrate. The Cresswells, however, appear upon various private 
and public records, at a very remote period, as persons of the first distinction, 
and principal proprietors of the place ; for Utting, or Ucthred de Cresswell, 
was a witness with Robert Bertram, Gerard of Widdrington, and others, in 
the time of king John, or of his son Henry the Third, to deeds respecting 
Ellington ; and Roger, the son of Utting de Cresswell, occurs in a pleading, 
in 1249, as a manucaptor of Robert de Cresswell, who, in another authority, 
is represented as father of Simon, and grandfather of Roger de Cresswell, as 
will be seen in the following 


ARMS : " Gules, on a bend sinister sable, three bull's heads argent." (Craister Tables.) But the arms of George Cress- 
well, of Nunkilling, in Holderness, grandson of George Cresswell, of Cresswell, as registered at the visitation of Yorkshire, in 
1584, were : " Gules three plates, each charged with a squirrel, sejant, of the field." Edmondston, for Cresswell, of Purston, 
In Northamptonshire, gives : " Azure three plates each charged with a squirrel gules, cracking a nut, or. CREST On a 
wreath, a branch of a tree barways vert, and on it a squirrel cracking a nut, or, between two sprigs of hazel fructed or. 
Another Crest, a saracen's head proper." 

[The descents below are in the same successive order as in the account of this family given in Wallis, excepting that he 
has three heads of the family, one after each other, of the name of John, from Oswin, in Generation IX. to William, in Gene- 
ration XII., where I have been unable to obtain distinct notices of more than two. The descents from George, in Genera- 
tion VII., to John, in Generation X. are proved by the pedigree entered at the College of Arms by George Cresswell, of 
Nunkilling, in Holderness, at the visitation of Yorkshire in 1584, for a copy of which I am indebted to C. J. Young, esq. 
York Herald. From a manuscript of the Cresswell pedigree said to be taken from old writings, Robert de Cresswell was 
in possession of the estate in the reign of Richard I. 1191.3 

I. SIR ROBERT DE CRESSWELL, knight, was father of Simon, and grandfather of Roger, as mentioned in an escheat of 21 = F 
Edw. I. 1293. (Woodhorn Misc. No. 25.) He witnessed a deed respecting Whittonstall, while William Heron was sheriff 
of Northumberland between 1246 and 1256. (L. 275.) In a trial at law, in 1249, John Baard and others against Waleran 
de Horton, the defendant excused his appearance on the plea of sickness, upon which Robert de Cresswell and three other 
knights were ordered to enquire into the truth of the plea ; but neither the defendant, nor the knights who took the view, 
appearing at the time appointed, the sheriff of the county had a mandate to attach them ; but to take Roger the son of Ut- 
ting, and others, as sureties for Robert de Cresswell and his three associates, presenting themselves on a given day at the 
Strande, in the county of Middlesex. (III. ii. 343.) Robert de Cresswell tested a deed of Robert de Balliol, without date, 
respecting Ellington ( Woodh. Misc. No. 14) ; and was also a witness with Robert de Rue, mesne lord in Linemouth and 
Hurst in 1240, to a deed of Ada de Balliol, respecting twelve acres of land at Streatlam, in the county of Durham (Lansi. MS. 
326, fol. 152) ; and to deeds without date respecting Widdrington and Ellington. \'Id. 150 , and Weodh. Misc. No. 20.) 

II. SIMON DE CRESSWELL was witness to a convention between Roger Bertram, of Bothal, and John Silvester, rector ofnr 
Bothal, in 1261 (III. ii. 41) ; to a deed respecting Dririgge, in the sheriffalty of Adam de Gesemouth, between 1261 and 1265 ; 
and to another respecting Ellington, without date. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 151, a. ; and Woodh. Misc. No. 21.) ( 

III. ROGER DE CRESSWELL, in 21 Edw. I. was proved, upon a view, to be the son of Simon, and grandson of Robert Atrr 
Cresswell, and to have entered upon the tenements they had enjoyed. (Woodh. Misc. No. 25.) In Nov. 1291, he was upon a 
jury, at Newcastle, respecting the extent of the lands of Gilbert de Middleton (Inq. p. m. 19 Edw. I. No. 19, in Tur. Land.) 
and, in 1292, Roger de Cresswell was one of the jurors in a trial between the corporation of Newcastle and the prior and 
convent of Tynemouth, respecting the port of the Tyne. (Brand's News. ii. 561.) He witnessed the deed of Isabella de Welle, 
which settled Ellington upon her two daughters (Woodh. Misc. No. 17, 4.) ; and was one of the manucaptors for Robert Ber- 
tram, as knight of the shire for Northumberland, in 1290 ; and for Henry de Dychand, in the same office, in 1296. He also 
witnessed deeds respecting Linton, in 1304 and 1307 (Lantd. MS. 326. fol. 152, 153 ; tee alto Woodh. Misc. No. 19) ; and respect- 
Ing Roddam, in 1309 (F. 68.) 



IV. ROBERT DE CRESSWILL occurs In a list of men at arms in Northumberland delivered into chancery in 1327 (Cot. MS.^r 
C.fol. 72, 6.) ; was witness to a deed respecting- Pendemore, near Lin tun, in 1333 (Woodh. Mite. No. 26) ; and had restitution 
of certain of his lands in Cresswell, in 1358. (III. H. 325.) 

V. ALEXANDER DE CRESSWELL and Simon his son, tested a deed at Ellington, on the feast of the Holy Trinity, hi 1376 = r : 
(Woodh. Misc. No. 9) ; and, in the same year, Alex, de C. was a witness to a settlement of the Widdrington property. (Lansd. 
MS. 326, fol. 151, a.) Wallis quotes authorities for his being a juror on two inquisitions after death in the time of Edward 
the Third ; and on one holden at Newcastle after the death of John de Strivelyn, in the second year of Richard the Second. 

VI. JOHN CRESSWELL being in captivity in Scotland, the king-, Dec. 6, 1380, issued a mandate to the mayor and bailiffs of^ 
Kingston-upon-Hull, to take goods to the value of 40 out of a Scotch ship that had been lately captured at sea, and forth- 
with to give him that sum to assist him in procuring his redemption. (Rot. Scot. it. 31 .) One of the same name had a tenement 
in Newbigging in 1410 (Woodh. Misc. No. 27) ; and Wallis says he was living in the time of Henry the Fifth. 

VII. GEORGE CRESWELL, of Cresswell, was living- In the time of Henry the Sixth. 3 ? 1 


I Elizabeth Plantagenet, daur. of Edw. IV. by 
| lady Elizabeth Lucy. (Surt. Dvr. ii. 163.) 

of Cresswell. 

,T , * 

sale of 
| Cheshire. 

daur. of Has- 
Hanklow, in 

IX. 1st wife, . ...,=OSWIN CREss-=2. jANET-r-3. DOROTHY, 1. MARGARET^!. GEO. CRESS-T^. ANNE, d. 2. THOS. CRESS- 


TON, had 
one dau. 
wife of 
Mr New- 

daur. of sir 
Ralph Hed- 
worth, of 

daur. of John 
of" Escrike." 

1. Ralph Cresswel 
20, at the visita 
Yorkshire, in 1. 

WELL, of Nun- 
killing, in Hol- 

I, aged 2. John. 
ion of 3. Cathari 
>84. 4. Dorothy 

of William WELL, married, 
Swinhow. and had 2 sons, 
John # Percivat. 
3. RICHARD C. married, 
and had a son Richard, 
ne. and a daur. Anne. 

well, called Os- 
wald in lord Wharton's order for 
the marches in 6 Edward VI. In 
10 Eliz. 1568, he is also called Os- 
wald Cresswell, of Cresswell. 

X. JOHN CRESSWELL, of Cresswell,-rEi.izABETH, mentioned CUTHBERT CRESSWELL, mentioned in the administration to his 

died 29 Oct. 1598 ; administration to 
his effects 16 June, 1599. (Raines 
Test. 138.) Inquest after his death, 
taken 19 Aug-. 1603, found him die 
possessed of one capital messuage in 
Cresswell, and of 200 acres of land, 
100 of marsh, 60 of pasture, and a 

in the administration brother John's effects, and in the will of Luke Errington, who 

to her husband's effects, seems to have married his brother John's widow. According 

and seems to have re- to his brother Robert's will, his wife's name was Margaret, 

married to Luke Er- and he had three daughters Margaret, Dorothy, and Catharine, 

rington, whose will is and a son Robert, and two other children. ^(Raine's Test. 340, 

dated 11 Dec. 1609, de- 439.) This is probably the Cuthbert Cresswell who was ap- 

scribes him as of Cress- pointed supervisor of coal-mines in Northumberland for queen 

well, and gives to John Elizabeth. (Land Rev. Office Records, vol. ix. fol. 94.) His soil 

Cresswell, his wife's Robert was baptized at Woodhorn, in May, 1609. 

son, his "browneflllie," ROBERT CRESSWELL, of Ellington, gent., by his will, dated 

to his brother John Er- July 20, 1610, left his body to be buried in the quire of Wood- 

rington 10, and mentions Elizabeth Errington his wife, horn church, and besides noticing his bro. Cuthbert's family, 

and Elizabeth Errington his daughter. Widow Cresswell, mentions his nephew John, and his two sisters. (Raines Test. 

of Cresswell, buried at Woodhorn, March 8., 1635. 340.) Richard Fenwick was queen Elizabeth's receiver for 

Wylam and Ellington, and Robert Cresswell, his deputy. 
^____ (Land Revenue Office Records, vol. xv. Jol. 102.) 

king's manor of By well by the ser- 
vice of three parts of a knight's fee. 

I - 1 
XI. JOHN CRESSWELL, of Cresswell, esq.-y-JoAN, wife of John Cresswell, mentioned JANE and ISABELLA, both mentioned 

son and heir, aged 1 1 years, 7 months, and 
10 days, at the time of taking the inquest 
after his father's death. 

in a writ of alias capias, Hilary term, in the administration to their father's 
1628, and in other documents in theSwin- effects, and in the will of their uncle 
burne MS. III. 195, 237, and 250. Robert. (Raines Test. 138, 340.) 

1 I I 1 

XII. 1. WILLIAM CiiEsswELL, of Cresswell^, esq-^LiLLis CRESSWELL 2. EFHRAIM CRESSWELL, eldest son, in 1663, had 

had administration lands in Cresswell assessed at j20 a year, but sold 
to the effects of her them to his brother William. (Wallis, ii. 341.) 

before 19 
Sept. 1698. 

3. OSWALD CRESSWELL also sold his right in Cress- 
well, &c. to his brother William. (Id ) 
4 ....... , daur. ; bap. May 17, 1626. 

5. ANNE, daur. ; bap. August 5, 1628. _ 

bap. at Woodhorn July 9, 1635, had lands in C 
well assessed to county rate in 1663, his father 
John and his brother Ephraim being at the same 
time assessed in the same schedule. He purchased 
an estate at Long Framlington, of Isaac Jackson, 
of North Shields " chirurgeon chandler," which 
was conveyed to him by deed of indenture, with 
livery and seizin, indorsed 12 March, 1678. He died before 19 Sep. 1698, as appeai-s by an indenture of that date between 
Lillis Cresswell his widow, and his sons Robert and Henry, by which, administration to his effects having been granted to 
his widow, on the 14th day of the same month, she made assignment of such administration to her son Robert, upon trust, 
to pay his father's debts, and divide the surplus between him and his brother Henry, providing that if any part of such sur- 
plus were due to Jane, daur. of the said William Cresswell, deceased, and then wife of Edward Manners, of Acton, he the 
said Robert, should be accountable for such part to the said Edward Manners and Jane his wife. (Indent, penes W. Lawson rfc 
Longhurst, arm.) Wallis, whose book was printed in 1769, says that this William " was succeeded by his son Wm Cresswell, 
esq. father of the present possessor William Cresswell. esq. who hath one son John, and several daughters." 

esq. son and heir. Will dated 18 May, 1749, 
in which his estate is described as consist- 
ing of lands at Cresswell, Bog-hall, Long 
Framlinglon, Morpeth, Potling, and Ell^ng- 
ton. See abstract of his will among glean- 
ings below No. 8. 

ROBERT CRESSWELL, of Newcastle on 
Tyne, in 1698, had assignment of ad- 
ministration to his father's effects 
from his mother Lillis Cresswell. 
Licence to marry granted 27 August, 
1700, to Robert Cresswell, of St An- 
drew's, Newcastle, and Anne Tully, 
of All Saints, wid. (Rainc's Test. 27.) 

of Cresswell, in 1698. 
Licence to marry 
granted 6 Dec. 1700, 
to Henry Cresswell, 
of Newc. gt. & Jane 
Wilkinson, spinster. 
(Raines Test. 23.) 

wifeofEdw. Man- 
ners, of Acton, in 
1698. Licence for 
their marriage was 
granted 5?3 A up. 

1688. (Raine't 

Test. 87.) 

XIV. WILLIAM CRESSWELL, esq. of Woodhorn Demesne in 1719, and afterwards of Cresswell, called Wm-rGRACE, daur. of 

Cresswell, jun. ot the Red-house, in the poll book for 1748, at which election he voted for lands in Hatix- 
ley. This is th William Cresswell who made the modern additions to the old tower of Cresswell. He left 
his estate of Woodhorn Demesne to be divided amongst his daughters ; and John Addison, the husband of 
Elizabeth, bought the shares of her sisters in it, and left it to her for her life, with remainder to her 
nephew Francis Cresswell, and his eldest sou A. J. Cresswell, esquires. . 

Francis Forster, 
of Low Buston, 
died at Morpeth. 

18 Aug, " 


. 1772. 


3 F 



Issue of William Cresswell, esq. 
and Grace Forster. 

I I 1 1 1 1 I 

XV. JOHN CRESSWELL, of Cresswell, esq.^CATHARiNE I.CATHARINE, eldest daur. married William Johnson, of Woodhorn. 

only son and heir, in an indenture of Nov. 
20, 1773, is described as inheriting from his 
father, lands at Cresswell, Bog-hall, Haux- 
ley, Long Framlington, Morpeth, Oldmoor, 
Potling, and Ellington. He sold the estate 
at Long Framlington ; and died of a fever, 
in Westminster, 10 Jan. 1781. 

da. ot John 2. DOROTHY died unmarried. 

8. GRACE died unmarried. 

Dyer, of Ab- 4-. ELIZABETH, married at Woodhorn, June 17, 1767, to JOHN AD- 

Wales, esq. 

DISON, of Whitby and Appleton, in the county of York. She died 
at Woodhorn Demesne, Dec. 1, 1807, aged 68, and was buried at 
Woodhorn, where there is a monument in the church to her 

memory. (See above, p. 186.) Mrs Addison purchased one-third part of Bewick 
for 16,000; and left it to her nephew A. J. Cresswell Baker, esq. 
5. LILIA married the REV. ROBERT SANDERSON, master of the grammar school 
at Morpeth, and curate of Hebburn, by whom she had issue one son, who was a captain in the royal navy, and two daugh- 
ters : 1. Maria, married to Sir George William Leeds, of Croxton Park, in the coun. of Cambridge, baronet ; 2. Anne, married 
William Burrett, of Alnwick, esq. 

6. JULIANA, lived at Woodhorn Demesne, where she died October 7, 1829, aged 92. 

7. BRIDGET, married at Woodhorn, 5 Nov. 1765, to HARRY PARKER, of New Norfolk Street, Grosvenor Square, London, esq. 
afterwards SIR H. PARKER, of Melford Hall, in the county of Suffolk, baronet, by whom she had issue Sir William Parker, 
baronet, and two other soni and two daughters. 
8. ALICE, wife of the. REV. GEO. SMALRIDGE, rector of Bothal ; and afterwards of the REV. EDW. OTTER, rector of Bothal. 

CRESSWELL, twin daughter 
and co-heir. 

= FRANCIS EASTERBY, of Blackheath, in the CATHARINE GRACE CRESSWELL, twin sister of Mrs 

coun. of Kent, who purchased Mrs Brown's Cresswell, and co-heir of her father, married BIRNIE 

moiety of the Cresswell estate, and took BROWN, esq. and has issue four sons James, Sirnie, 

the name and arms of CRESSWELL, and is Walter, & William ; and three daughters Elizabeth 

now living Sept. 7, 1829, at Old Brompton, Addison, Alicia, & Armenia. Eliz. A. married at Mo- 

in the county of Middlesex. radabad, June 5, 1827, to Robert Terranean, esq. 

who is in the civil service of the East India Com- 
pany. (Newc. Cour. 12 Jan. 1828.) 


esq. eldest son and heir ; high-sheriff of North- 
umberland in 1821 ; took the name of BAKER, 
in addition to his own, on his wife succeeding to 
the property of her cousin John Baker, esq. Mr 

LaWson Reed, of Champion Hill, in the in the county of Norfolk, esq. 

county of Surrey, esq., and cousin and married RACK AEL, daur. of Win 

heiress of John Baker, of Hinton on the Frye, esq. and has three sons. 

Green, in the county of Gloucester, and 3. WILLIAM CRESSWELL, esq. 

of Grosvenor Street, London, esq. 

magnificent mansion-house at Cresswell, June ' 
14, 1821, and besides purchasing the whole of the township of Cresswell, excepting Blake- 
moor and the lands belonging to his father, has bought Old-moor for 11,500, Hadstone 
and Link-house for 38,000, Birdhope Craig, Woolaw, Hillock, and a share of Siloans, for 

barrister of the Temple, London. 

in holy orders ; vicar of Seaham, 
county palatine of Durham. 

6. ELIZABETH died May 2, 1827. 

RINE died Jan. 31, 1828. 

XVIII. OSWIN ADDISON, born April 10, 1819. 
FRANCIS JOHN, born Feb. 20, 1822 ; died March 20, 1827. 
WILLIAM GILFRID, born March 21, 1825. 

ANNA FANNY, born April 9, 1827. 
HENRY ROBERT, born August 22, 1829. 


1. Luke Errington, of Cresswell, by will, 11 Dec. 1609, di- 
rects his body to be buried in Woodhorn church : gave to 
John Cresswell, his wife's son, his brown filly to his brother 
John Errington 10 the rest of his goods to Elizabeth E. 
his wife, and Elizabeth E. his daur. and they joint ex'es. In- 
ventory of his goods dated 20 Dec. 1609, mentions " Mr Cuth- 
bert Cresswell." (koine's Test. 439.) 

2. Dec. 13, 1609, will of Lancelot Cresswell to be buried in 
the church of Framlington to Humphrey my eldest son 
my son Gerard . Witness Lancelot Manners: and, 6 Sep. 
1627, administration to the effects of Humphrey Cresswell, of 
Framlington, mentions his widow Isabella, and William, Ag- 
nes, John, and Barbara their children, then under age. (Id. 
225, 343.) 

3. Will of Anne Cresswell, of Heddon on the Wall, 2 March, 
1614, directs her body to be buried in Heddon church, and 
mentions her sons Anthony, Clement, and Arthur, her daur. 
Margaret Barkus, Isabell her son's wife, Wm Barkus, her son 
Clement's daughter, Mabell Barkus, and her son Arthur's 
daur. Mabell (Id. 352.) 

4. Robert Cresswell married Jane Conyers, great grand 
daur. of sir John Bertram, knight, baron of Bothal, and had 

issue Jane, who married Thomas Bates, and had issue five 
sons, of whom William, the second, was slain at Leigh, and 
Anthony, the youngest, in the Wansbeck, in 1660. (Dodsw. 
MSS. Ixi. 51.) 

5. Robert Cresswell, by an inquest holden at Hexham, was 
found to be dead in Easter term, 1629 (Swinb. MSS. tit. 244, 
262, 276.) 

6. In the time of the Commonwealth, serjeant Cresswell 
was appointed one of the justices of the court of common pleas. 
(Whit. Mem. 272, 337, 372.) 

7. Baptisms at Warkworth. May 10, 1709, Henry; July 
20, Francis ; and Sep. 1716, Jona, all children of Henry Cress- 
well, of Hauxley. Oct. 15, 1724, William, son of Robert 
Cresswell, of Hauxley Feb. 10, 1742, Henry; Nov. 22, 
1744, Dorothy; and Ap. 24, 1746, Robert, children of William 
Cresswell, of Hauxley. 

8. May 18, 1749, William Cresswell, of Cresswell, esq. by 
will, charged his estates with the payment of 80 a year to 
Francis Forster, of Low Buston, and Robert Fenwick, of 
Lemmington, esquires, for the use of Robert Cresswell, gen- 
tleman, and also with a rent charge of 20 a year to Juliana, 
wife of John Bell, if she should become a widow ; and then 



gave his estates to lord Ravensworth and Lancelot Allgood, of 
Hexham, In trust, for the use of William Cresswell, of Wood- 
horn Demesne, otherwise Red-house, with remainder to his 
first and other sons ; remainder to Henry Cresswell, of Mar- 
sham-street, Westminster, for life, and then to his sons suc- 
cessively, with divers remainders over ; and on the further 
trust, to raise for said Wm Cresswell, of Woodhorn Demesne, 
300, and legacies of JEIOOO to said Henry C. ; 2000 to the 
daurs. of Wm C. of Woodhorn Demesne ; 500 to William 
Cresswell ; and 300 to his sister Dorothy, which Win and 
Dorothy were children of William Cresswell, of Hauxley, and 
Elizabeth his wife, and then minors, to which Elizabeth the 
testator left the interest of 430 for her life, and after her 

death directed the principal jf that sum to be equally divided 
between her sons Henry and Robert Cresswell. 

9. Robert Cresswell, of Cresswell, died suddenly, Ap. 3, 1760, 
in his way from Buston to Warkworth church ; and William 
Cresswell, nephew of the late Wm C., of C., died at Hauxley, 
Aug. 26, 1773. (Newcastle Courant.) 

10. Wallis, whose History was printed in 1769, says he had 
part of his information respecting the Cresswell family from 
Henry Cresswell, of Windsor, a gentleman of great research 
into learned and curious matters. (//. 342.) 

11. Mr William Hall, of Bondicar, and Dorothy Cresswell, 
were married at Warkworth, July 14, 1769. 

Beside the Cresswells, a few other families have had possessions in this 
township. Sir Henry Widdrington, in 1517, died seized of lands in it/ Mar- 
jory Fenwick, of Stanton, entailed lands here on her son Thomas, in 1535. g 
In 1568, Oswald Cresswell, John Atkinson, and Cuthbert Musgrave, are re- 
turned by the queen's feodary as holding lands in this place ; and the nine- 
teenth volume of the Records in the office of the auditor of the land revenue 
contained a document made in queen Elizabeth's time respecting property 
here. In 1628, Robert Humphrey and Nicholas Atkinson, of Cresswell, were 
summoned as jurors to the assizes at Newcastle ; and, in the same year, the 
high-sheriff of the county was exonerated at the exchequer from the payment 
of 2 out of the mill of Cresswell, for the same sum charged upon the estate 
of John Cresswell, and for 10 on that of Ephraim Widdrington, in Cress- 
well. 11 In 1663, sir Francis Radcliff, Mr Ephraim Cresswell, Mr William 
Cresswell, John Cresswell, esq., William Singleton, William Brown, and wi- 
dow Humphrey, were the proprietors of this township. Sir Francis RadclifFs 
part was situated on the north side of the village, and sold to the Cooks, of 
Amble New Hall, a descendant of whom, of the Blakemoor line, lately sold a 
part of it to A. J. Cresswell Baker, esq., to whom, and to his father Francis 
Cresswell, esq., the whole township, excepting Blakemoor, at present belongs. 

The village of Cresswell lies east and west, upon a slope, fronting the sea, 
is well built, and tenanted chiefly by fishermen. Excepting Newbigging, it is 
the most populous village in this parish. Mr John Lawson, father of Mrs 

{ Cole's Esch. vol. 756, p. 46. Supra, p. 120, No. 16. 

h There are proceedings upon a trial at law in the court of exchequer, in 1636, upon a writ of 
de quo warranto, respecting wreck of sea in Cresswell (Martin's Index.) 


Cook, of Blakemoo^, resides in a good house at the north-east end of the vil- 
lage : nearly opposite which is the 


Of the Cresswells, which fronts the sea, and has in view the fine heach and 
sands of Druridge bay, which extend from Hadstone rocks on the north to 
the Broadcar rocks on the south. The tower is 21 and a half feet long and 
16 and a half feet wide within, and consists of a strong room vaulted with 
stone, on the ground floor ; and two floors above, approached by a circular 
stone staircase. The north-east angle of it is surmounted with a turret, in 
the inside of which is a rude inscription cut on the lintel and two side-stones 
of a window, which, perhaps more from the difficulty of decyphering it, than 
for any valuable fact it was intended to record, has become an object of curi- 
osity and interest. The letters on the lintel, I have no doubt, were intended 
for WL CReswell. Those on the side stones I could not make out. Mr 
Cresswell Baker has heard some of the old members of his family say, that 
the reading of the whole was, " William Cresswell, brave hero." I imagine 
that it was cut by some ignorant country mason in the time of William Cress- 

TR1EE at R]B S W E I. L. 

Dra-wii fc Etcted Ly T.Sopwitt ISIO. 


well, who died about the year 1698, because, in the form of some of its letters, 
it resembles the rude funereal inscriptions of that time. William Cresswell the 
Third took down the old mansion-house, and the chapel which was attached 
to it, and upon the same site built the large additions to the old tower, which 
formed a very convenient and extensive family residence. In 177^, this man- 
sion house was advertised in the Newcastle Courant to be let ; and, from 
having now been long unoccupied by the family, and tenanted by several 
families of labouring people, it has lost its wonted trimness ; and its long pas- 
sages and bare walls have learned to make the hollow sounding responses of 
a large and thinly furnished dwelling. On the sea banks, nearly opposite to 
the house called the Bogg-hall, in this estate, numerous casts of plants of the 
euphorbia or cactus tribe, are found in an alternating stratum of schist and 
softish sandstone. They are in the situations in which they originally grew, 
being perpendicular for several feet upwards. They are also of very various 
sizes, and have grown in an aluminous stratum resembling fire clay, in which 
sections of their roots may be very distinctly traced. The outsides both of 
the roots and stems are coated with a crust of exceedingly fine coal. Speci- 
mens of them have found their way into the museum at Wallington, and into 
other collections ; and for the drawing and etching of the fine specimen re- 
presented in the annexed plate, and now in the conservatory at Cresswell, I 
am indebted to the accurate and willing pencil and needle of Mr Sopwith. 
The original measures in girth at the base, 7 ft. 4 in. ; at 3 ft. 7 in. from the 
ground, 5 ft. 8 in. ; and at the top, 4 ft. 10^ in. ; and the whole height from 
the ground is 5 ft. 8 in. 

CRESSWELL HOUSE is from designs by Shaw, and has been built under the 
superintendence of Mr Green, of Newcastle. The foundation stone of this 
magnificent structure was laid by its proprietor, Addison John Cresswell 
Baker, esq. during the year of his sheriffalty, June 14, 1821, and its roof 
covered-in in 1825. Since which time the offices and colonnade have been 
completed, and the stables and conservatory are now, September, 1829, in 
progress. For the three fine engravings which accompany this account, 
I am indebted to the liberality and munificence of Mr Cresswell Baker. 
The first is a view of the south and west fronts, and has the old tower 
of Cresswell and the sea on the right, and Coquet Island in the distance on 
the left. Number two shows the south and east fronts, with the colonnade 
and offices over it ; and number three is taken from the conservatory, and 

PART u. VOL. ii. 3 G 


has the colonnade in front, and gives a north-east prospect of part of the 
offices and of the main body of the house. In the external character of this 
splendid edifice, especially in the great width of the piers, the unbroken line 
of entablature, and ihe projection of the cornice, there is a simplicity, united 
to a boldness and freedom, which at first sight rivet and captivate the eye, as 
well as produce high ideas of the fertility and graphic correctness of the mind 
which designed it. Its order of it, which extends from the ground to the top of 
the building, is nearly of an Ionic proportion ; and was composed on purpose for 
this place, rather than copied from any particular example. The base, which 
varies a little from the attic base, runs through the whole building upon a 
plinth four feet high. In the entablature, the modillions of the cornice are 
like those in the principal cornice within the octagon tower of Adronicus 
Cyrrhestes at Athens, and the cima is ornamented with the masks of lions 
and panthers, alternately, and the soffit or underside of the corona with cof- 
fers. Antse or angular pilasters of a simple character fortify the corners of 
the building. On the south, east, and west fronts, the lower range of win- 
dows, which light .the principal story, are enriched with an architrave, frize, 
and cornice, .which ornaments are occasionally omitted, and pilasters support- 
ing a frize and cornice, surmounted by a pediment, substituted in their room. 
The upper tier of windows to the bed-room story have an architrave and sills. 
The west front is 'Sl-f-feet, and in the centre of it has the portico, a very in- 
teresting -and beautiful feature of the building, and of the kind technically 
called in antis, from receding from the walls ; the entablature over it is sup- 
ported by two fluted columns, and its ceiling formed by very large stone 
beams with deep coffers in stone between them. Here, as well as in the south 
front, the capitals of the columns are similar to those in the porticos of the 
octagon tower mentioned before ; and the principal door- way, which is beau- 
tifully carved, and: has the window on each side of it decorated with pilasters 
and a pediment, forms a great ornament to this front. The south front, which 
has a range of 9 windows, measures 107-^ feet in length, and has the unifor- 
mity of its line veiy strikingly and pleasingly interrupted by the bow of the 
music room at its centre, the entablature over which is supported by two 
pillars similar to those of the portico, and the centre window of the wing on 
each side of the bow has the pilasters and pediment. The east front, which 
overlooks the sea, is 93f feet in length : it is without columns, but its centre 
is strongly marked by four pilasters like the antse at the principal angles of 
the house j and the window on each side of this centre has the pilasters and 




pediment noticed in the general description of the windows. This front also 
derives great consequence from the stone terrace, 9 feet broad, which runs the 
whole length of it, at the level of the plinth of the house, has a parapet of 
pierced stone work, the figures of which are in successive similar compart- 
ments, and is joined at its north end by the colonnade, or open passage. This 
colonnade is extremely simple in its character : it forms, from the north-east 
angle of the house, a quadrant of 90 feet radius ; fronts the south and east, 
and connects the terrace with the conservatory. Its entablature, the cornice of 
which is of great projection, is supported by a series of double square columns; 
and, in the north wall of it, opposite to each inter-columniation, are niches 
formed for the purpose of holding busts or flowering plants. The conservatory 
is 70 feet by 22 ; and this and the colonnade are not only a useful append- 
age to the building by forming an extensive shelter from the north, and par- 
tially hiding the kitchen and its range of offices from a view of the lawn, but 
from the grounds to the south and east, have a most imposing and picturesque 
effect. The kitcJien and offices annexed to it join to the north side of the main 
building, extend 160 feet north from it, and have secondary apartments above 
them. The site of the stables is about 160 feet from the north-west angle of 
the house, and forms a quadrangle the court of which is about 100 feet 
square, and has one side of it ornamented with a clock tower and belfry 50 
feet high. As it was thought impossible, from the exposed situation of the 
place, to cover the house permanently and well with the kind of flat roof 
usually put upon buildings in the style adopted for Cresswell, one of slate of 
the ordinary pitch has been thrown over it j and the chimnies, which are 
conspicuous objects, and were designed to harmonize with the architecture of 
the rest of the house, were carried to a height which it was expected would 
carry smoke uniformly well. The convenient arrangement of the apartments, 
the excellent workmanship, and the ornaments and embellishments of the 
interior parts of the house are not inferior in character to its external deco- 
rations. The main entrance to it is in the west front, and consists of the 
portico already described, and of a hall and staircase, the latter of which is a 
very ingenious and elaborate specimen of architecture, and forms an impor- 
tant feature of the house : it is 38 feet long, 24 feet wide, arid 29 feet high, 
going the whole height of the building, and being separated from the hall by 
an enriched stone screen, which is glazed, and admits light from the windows 
of the portico. The first ascent of the stairs consists of two flights, which, 


meeting about half way up, unite into one, which leads to the top. The 
second flight is supported by a semi-circular flying arch, the underside of 
which is carved into coffers. Bronze candelabras are intended to be placed 
on the circular pedestals at the commencement of the two first flights, and 
casts of the celebrated Townley vase on those on each side of the bottom 
of the second flight. The landings round the staircase, and the centilevers 
that support them, are of white stone, from the quarry at Craig-Leith, near 
the city of Edinburgh, and the balustrades of these and of the second 
flight of stairs are of bronze and mosaic gold. The two lower flights 
of stairs are inclosed with a parapet, which is divided into compartments 
of pierced stone-work. Large beams, about two feet deep, divide the 
ceiling into compartments, which are glazed with plate glass, and by this 
contrivance the staircase is lighted. Each of these glazed compartments is 
bordered by a running ornament delicately painted on the face of it. Three 
casts of the celebrated fragments of the metopes of the Parthenon at Athens 
are placed on each side, close below the ceiling, and above the landing ; and 
a compartment taken from the frize within the same celebrated edifice, orna- 
ments each end. On the right of the hall and staircase, and having a southern 
aspect, are the drawing-room, music room, and library en suite, and com- 
municating by door-ways of Scagliola richly designed. The music room, which 
is about 2Qy feet by 26 feet, is in the centre, and has a flat bow to the south. 
The drawing-room and library are each 34 feet by 22. The dining-room, 
which is 36 feet by 22, is entered from the end of the staircase, and both it 
and Mr CresswelPs private room, which is 22 feet square, front the east, and 
complete the principal apartments, all of which are 16 feet high. On the 
north are a back staircase, and several subordinate rooms. Warm air is con- 
veyed from an under-ground furnace, through all the passages, the thermo- 
meter in which during the winter is seldom below 60. One thing peculiarly 
deserving of remark on the subject of this house, is the manner in which it 
has been constructed. The walls are 3 feet 4 inches thick, and built of solid 
squared masses of exceedingly fine stone, brought by shipping from quarries 
pn each side of the Wansbeck, at Ashington and Cleaswell Hill. 5 These 

1 Attempts were made to get s.tope for this building in a quarry which produced the ruhbish 
heaps now so advantageously planted upon behind the conservatory ; but the produce of it was of 
very indifferent quality. Very large quantities of stone for the inside walls and the offices were 
brought by a rail-way, from a quarry in {he sea banks, about a mile from the house- 


stones are highly wrought, and of great size, many of them being from four to 
eight tons. The vaults below the house, used as cellars, and for the warm air 
stove, and those on the north side, used as servants' apartments, are also all 
constructed in the same solid style, and are dry and well ventilated ; while 
all the foundations are laid upon the solid bed of rock. The same expence 
and minute attention have been bestowed upon every department of the build- 
ing the roof, floors, windows, doors, &c. &c. being each models of fine ma- 
terial and workmanship. The library here contains four folio volumes of 
Sketches of Antient Masters. 

BLAKEMOOR is parcel of the township of Cresswell, and is situated about a 
quarter of a mile from the sea, on a low damp plain which lies between 
Cresswell and Hemscot-hill. It probably had its name from the ground which 
forms the estate, being formerly a dark-coloured heathery moor. In 1663, it 
belonged to sir Francis Radcliff, of whom it was purchased by Edward Cook, j 

i I. This EDWARD COOK had eight sons, and estates at Amble, Togston, Newton on the Moor, 
Brainshaugh, and Blakemoor, which he divided among five of his sons, leaving money portions to 
other three. II. To JOHN, his eldest son, he gave Amble and Togston, and from him were 
descended the families of the Cooks, who, for a considerable time resided at these places, and are 
now represented by Mrs Isaac Cookson, of Gateshead Park. EDWARD, the second son, had the 
Cresswell estate, now called Blakemoor. He resided in Newcastle, was a barrister, and recorder 
of Berwick upon Tweed from 1711 to 1731, in which year he died, leaving issue four sons and 
three daughters, (III) viz. : (1.) EDWARD COOK, who was also a barrister and an antiquary. The 
late Mr John Thompson, (son of Isaac Thompson, esq. long editor and proprietor of the Newcas- 
tle Journal, and a commissioner of the duke of Northumberland), told me that this Mr Cook 
had once in his possession the original copy of the Chartulary of the Abbey of Newminster, which 
in 1638, was one of the five chartularies in the possession of lord William Howard, at Naworth 
Castle. Mr Cook, Mr Thompson also said, had copied or made extracts from numerous records 
in the Chapel of the Rolls respecting Northumberland. Philosopher Harrison (to whom the MS. 
intituled " Quatuor Partes Northumbriae," belonged before it was purchased by the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Newcastle), was one of his intimate friends. He had several law suits 
with the Cresswell family respecting the right to sea-weed on the Broad Car, in some of which he 
obtained a verdict, but finally failed in substantiating his claim. He was born in February, 1711, 
died s. p. at an advanced age, and was succeeded by his 2nd brother GEORGE COOK, who was 
born July 19, 1714, and before his brother Edward's death, had constantly resided with him, and 
their sister Isabella, at Blakemoor. (3.) RICHARD COOK, the third brother, was born June 14, 
1719, and was married, but died without issue, leaving a widow, who died at Cresswell, Jan. 13, 
and was buried in St Nicholas' church, Newcastle, Jan. 18, 1751. (4.) JOHN COOK, the youngest 
brother, was born Dec. 29, 1720 ; was married, and had issue three sons, viz. : 1. Edward Covk t 




of Amble New Hall, who, by will, dated in 1691, left all his "messuages, 
lands, tenements, coneywarrens, fishings, and other hereditaments whatsoever 
in Cress well," to his second son Edward ; from whom, with the exception of 
a portion of them sold to Mr Cresswell Baker, they have descended to Mrs 
Cook, their present proprietor, as described in the note below. 


1. Bex concesserat Johni de Denton de Novo Castro 
f gratis obsequiis ei non sumptuosis expensarum omni- 
bus impendit (sic) ma. de Newbigging et Woodhorne 1c. 
(Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 155.) 

2. Gerardus de Widerington chivaler perquisivit ma- 
neriu de Wodhorne et Newbigging de Johne de Denton 
burgensi ville Novi Castri 1 7 Edw. III. (Id.) 

3. Finis a 17 Edw. III. inter Gerardum de Wode- 
rington quer. et Johnem de Denton def de maneriis de 
Wodhorne et Newbiggin esse jus Gerardi. (Id. fol. 
154, b.) 

4. Ego Johannes Woderington de Woderington in 
com. Northumbr. miles dedi Thome Gower, ar. filio et 
heredi apparent! Edwardi Gower militis . Rofito Con- 

stable, ar. filio et heredi apparent! Marmaduco Consta* 
ble de Nuneaton militis . Rico Gower . Wal?o Gower . 
et Valentio Fenwyk omia ilia maneria mea de Wood- 
horne, Newbigging, Plessis cum le Brygfeld, Shotton et 
Denton, ad usum mei Johnis Woderington et Agnetis 
uxoris mee p vita, 26 Julii, 2 Ed. VI (Id. fol. 150, b.) 

5. Adam de Woderington petit qd Thomas de Nor- 
manvill vel Witts de Vescy assignentur justic. una 
cum vie. loci ad audiend 1 teiminand transgress, quas 
Agnes de Valenc. 1 batti sui in Wodehorn & alibi in 
comit. videlicet ad plura amerciamenta ad que amercia- 
tus fuit in diversis curiis dni reg levavit de eo 1 homi- 
nibus suis injuste. Responsio. In cancett heant bfe 
formatum qd ei inde respondeat. ( Rot. Par. i. 46'.J^ 

6. Gerardus Woderington, miles, manumisit Wirhn 

who married, firstly, at Howick, in this county, Sarah Smetham, of that place ; after whose death 
without issue, he married secondly, Elizabeth Lawson, daughter of John Lawson, of the Oldmoor. 
At the time of his aunt Isabella's death he resided at Southwick, but after that time at Blakemoor, 
where he died some years since without issue, and where his widow was residing in September, 
1 829. 2. John Cook, second son of John, was of the coal and stock exchanges, London, married 
Dorothy Smetham, cousin of his brother Edward's wife, and has issue three children, John Wil- 
liam, Sarah, and Margaret. By his aunt Isabella's will he had lands in Cresswell, which he sold 
to Mr Cresswell Baker. 3. George Cook married Miss Mary Maule, of Huntingdon, was in the 
army, and died s. p. (5.) ANNE, the second child, and eldest daughter of Edward Cook, recorder 
of Berwick, was born Aug. 24, 1712. (6.) MARGARET, second daughter, and fourth child, born 
June 20, 1715. (7.) JANE COOK, third daughter, and fifth child, born May 8, 1717, married John 
Lawson, father of John Lawson, late of Oldmoor, now of Cresswell, and father of the present Mrs 
Cook, of Blakemoor. (8.) ISABELLA COOK, youngest child, born April 25, 1723 ; by her will, 
dated in 1799, left all her books, manuscripts, &c. &c. to her niece Anne Lawson ; her estate at 
Blakemoor, and the east end of Cresswell, to her nephew Edward Cook, of Southwick, in the 
county of Durham, subject to a mortgage of 5,000 ; and her other estates at Cresswell to her 
sister Jane Lawson, for life, with remainder in fee simple to her nephew John Cook, chargeable 
with a legacy of 500 to her nephew George Cook, and with 100 to her four nieces Anne, 
Dorothy, Margaret, and Eliz. Rook. The Cooks of Brainshaugh were descended from WILLIAM 
COOK, the third son of Edward Cook, of Amble New Hall ; and the Cooks of Newton on the Moor 
from JOSEPH, the eighth son of the same Edward. 



Atkinson nativu . insuper concess. gfato Witttno offici- 
um batti ville et dnci mei de "Wodhorne . Dat. 7 Sep. 
10 Edw. IV (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 151, b.) 

7. Alexdrus de Dumart oibj 1c. Sciatis me dedisse 
Waltero Balliol 1 heredibj suis in feodo Tenend de me 
60 acras ?re in Hellintona . sclt . 2 bovatas qs Alden 
fil Uhardi tenuit 1 2 bovatas qs Normanus filius Urs- 
kill tenuit . His test. Magro Rofito de Leycestria . 
Roberto Bertram . Richo fre ejus . Richo persona de 
Wodhorne . Galfrido de Wydrington . Edmundo de 
Sethon . Johe fil Hugonis . Rofcto de Yue (? Rue) . 
Ucthredo de Cresswell . Rofito de Dumart . Rofcto 
Darent . Gerardo fit Galfridi de Wydringthon . Jor- 
dano fil Ranulphi de Ellington. (Dodsw. MSS. vol. 45, 
fol. Ill, b.) See No. 13, which is a very erroneous ab- 
stract of a deed similar to the original of this. 

8. Omnibus Rot prior 1 convent de Brinkburne 
saltm . Noveritis me confirmasse Symoni filio Maugeri 
iuniori de Newbigging ilia dua tofta de terra nostra de 
Neubigging versus orientem . Test, dno Luca vicario 
de Wodhorne . dno Gerardo de Woderington . Dat. 
die Sancte Trinitatis anno dni 1334. (Brinkb. Cart, 
fol. 66.) 

9. Sciant presentes 1 fut. qd ego Johes Davison de 
Ellington dedi Rofcto Balliolo jun. de Ellington 3 ac. 
fte arafe jacentes in campis eiusdem ville sup Lewess- 
flat, nup fram capitalis dni ex utraque pte . Hend 
pdco Rofcto heredibj *"t assig suis inppetuu . Redd mihi 
dto Johe t hedibj meis 1 den. ad fm Nativ. Sci Johis 
Bapte . Data apd Ellington in fo See Trinit. a D'ni 
1376. 1 regno R. Ed. 3t> 50 . Hiis testibj Johe de 
Widdrington dno eiusd. . Alexandro de Creswell . Si- 
mone fil ejusdem Alex . Rofcto de Aleford vicario de 
Woodhorne . Rofcto de Bellingham . Simon e de Yeuyr . 
Ilottto Charoberlaynson (sic) 1 aliis. ( 'Dodsw. MSS. 
vol. 45, fol. 111,6.; 

10. Edwardus Ridell dedit Radulfo Ogle dno de Ogle 
t hered ter' in Hyrst iuxta Wodhorne. ( Lansd. MS. 
326 , Ogle Deeds, No. 19.) 

11. Ego Radulfus Ogle dns de Ogle dedi Wittmo 
Ogle armigero filio meo 1 heredibus man meum de 
Hirst iuxta Wodhorne . Dat. 10 Oct. 2 Hen. VIII. 
(Id. No. 20.) 

12. Maria Comitissa Pembroke cone Jotii de Denton 
de Novo Castro sup Tynam ma de Wodhorn t vil de 
Newbiggin cu firma ibidm & in Hirst & Linmuthc. 
(Dodsw. MSS. vol. 85, fol. 105, ex. Rot. Claus. 11 Ed. 3.) 

13. Alexandras de Dumart oibj hoibj tc. saltm . 

Sciatis me dedisse Waltero de Baliolo t hedibj eius in 
feodo t heditate y homagio *t servitio suo . Tenend de 
me 1 hedbj meis 60 acf fre in Ellington . sclt . duas 
bovatas quas Alden fil Ucthredi tenuit et 2 bov qs Nor- 
manus filius Urskill tenuit . His test. Rofcto de Ley- 
cestria . Rotito Bertram . Nictio fre eius . Richo de 
Woodhorne . Galfrido de Woddrington . Edmundo de 
Sethon . Johe fil Hugonis Deyne . Uchtreda de Cres- 
well . Rofcto de Dumart . Rotito Dinedon . Gerardo 
fil Galfridi de Woddrington . Jordano fil Ranulphi de 
Whytington fid. vol. 45,/o/. 11 J, b.) 

14. Olb; bane car tain 1c. RoEtus de Balliolo saltm . 
Sciatis me dedisse, T;c. Waltero fil Philippi de Linton 
12 acr fre in campo de Ellington . sclt . illas 12 ac? 
quas accepi in escambio de dno meo Thoma de Percoy $ 

redditu meo x soL que hui in villa de His test. 

Gerard de Wyderington . Edmundo de Seaton t Johe 
fil eiusdem . Rofito de Cresswell . Rofcto de Glouces- 
ter . Rofito de Bolum . Johe fil Clementis de Elling- 
ton . Hugone de Marisco . Rado de Stocke . Helia de 
Hyrst . Johe de Heydon . Gocelino de Linmouth . t 
multis aliis. fid.) 

15. Oibj T;c. Beatrix Pawlym de Ellington saltm in 
D'no . Noveritis me in viduitate 1 in legit, potestate 
dedisse Rotito fil. Walteri de Ellington unu toftu ftre 
nice in villa de Ellington qd jacet inter fam meam 1 
fram Wmi Byker qd continet in emencbe capite versus 
strata regia 9 pedes in latitudine ^ totidem p in long . 
Et inferior pars continet in long circa xx pedes t toti- 
dem p in lat . Et extrema pars fre q se extendit ad vi- 
varium continet in long 200 pedes t in lat. totidem p . 
Item dedi eidem dim. rodam fre q se extendit sup viva- 
riu inter ram qm Radus fil Tymoth tenuit 1 ft-am 
Witii Byker . In cuius rei testim. tc. Test. Rotto de 
Rue . Davyd de Lascelys . Johe de Wyderington . 
Rogo fre eius . Johe de Wyden (? Hayden) . t multis 
aliis. (Id.) 

16. Anno r. R' H. fil R' Joh 56 ad purifoem B'e 
Marie facta fuit hec convencio inter dnm Wni de Vescy 
ex una pte t Robtm de Kayhanes ex altra . viz* . qd 
gdcs R. tradidit & quiet clam, p se t hedb3 suis dicto 
W. t hedbj suis totam ptm suam ma. in Elington cu 
oibj ptin suis t excaetis suis q sibi accidere poterint 
noie heditat. exceptis feodis militum. Cone etiam dcs 
R. pdto W. xli*. viiid. ob. de redd, annual! in Nova vil- 
la 1 Notasse in Glamorgan . sclt . 20 acr fre araft de 
dnico suo quaT? 7 acf jacent inter mores t divertuntur 
se sup Kekesmede t 3 acr "I dimid iacent in Brodesladc 


1c . H'end "t tend dto W. & hedbs suis vel suis assig 
de dto R. 1 hedb3 suis vel assig faciendo inde servitiu 
capita) dnis feod quantu ptinet dcis tenentis . Concessit 
etiam T; q'clani' dto W. f t Isabelle ux eius p se t hedbj 
suis vel assig tota ptm sua in manerio de Chellewrth 1 
Colcote cu oibj ptin suis t excaetis q eis noie hered ac- 
cidere poterint . Hend T. tenend de dcis Wittmo 1 
Isabella t hedbj vel assig suis, "tc. Hiis test, dno Johe 
de Treygoz . dno Johe Paynel . dno Rofcto de Meysi . 
dno Rofito de JLusteshull . Rogo de Writel et aliis. 
(Dodsw. MS. vol. 30, fol. ^4.) 

17. Oibj Xti fidelibus p"sentes Iras visuris Vel aud 
Wittus Dei gia abbas de Alnwyk e t eiusdem loci con- 
ventus saltm in D'no . Noverit universitas vestra qd 
ita inter dnm Wittm de Vescy t nos convenit qd nos 
nihil in ?ritorio de Ellington emere gsumem' sine psensu 
t voluntate dni Wi. supdci . Qd si ptra hanc paginam 
de empscbe aliquid psumpserimus volum' 1 concedim' 
spontanea voluntate ma ut sine ptradicoe feudu suu pos- 
sit distringere in villa de Ellington qusq3 si p qualibj 
empcbe de xl* solidis satisfecserimus . In cuius rei 
testim &c. fteentibj sigillu nrm comune aposuim' . Act. 
apd Alnwik anno D'ni MCC <l lx ix die mercurii px pt 
fin scot} marliru Marcellini H Petri. fid.) 

17> b. Sciant p. "t f. qd ego Isabella de Welle quon- 
dam ux Wmi de Vescy dedi Cecilie & Aline filiabj 
meis in tota vita sua ma de Ellington in com. Nd cum 
oibj ptinentiis suis in Heydone . Cressewelle . t alibi 
in com. gdto exceptis 4 solid redditus in Newbigging 
sumul cum oibj bonis t catallis in eod manerio inventis 
tc . H'end 1c . Reddend inde p ann. in tota vita mea 
30 libras argenti, tc. reman mihi t hedb3 meis, ^tc . 
Test, dno Rofito de Bavant . dno Johe de Caltoft . dno 
Witto de Heyling militibj . Simon, de Swaby . Pho de 
Cuntharpe , Rotto de Ormesby . David de Laseeles . 
Rogero de Crassewell, tc. fid.} 

18. Matilda que fuit ux. dni Johis de Welle milit 
dimisit Rogo de Woderington mafiiu de Ellington et 
Hedon in com. Northumb. q Matild tanqu. custos corpis 
t re Johis fit 1 hedis dci Johis ex cone. Isabellae regine 
pt festu Petri t Pauli 1366. Et Rogs solvit Matil in 
domo Thome Frost deBevlaco &Lc. (Dodsw.MSS. vol. 
46,/olL 118.; 

19. Noverint universi quod ego . Johnes dominus de 
Woderington dedi Davidi de Lacel cum Johanna cog- 
nata mea totani terram meam cum toftis quam hui ex 
emptione mea et ex emptione Duncani fris mei in villa 
de Ellington et unum pratum in Dririg. &c. Test, dno 

Wittmo Heron . dno Rogero Maudut milit . Rogero 
de Cressewell . c tc. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. \b1.j 

20. Omnibus hanc cartam videntibus vel audientibus 
Rofctus de Gloucestria saltm . Noverit universitas ves- 
tra me concessisse Johni filio meo p homagio et servitio 
suo unum toftum et croftum in Hellinglon . Test. Ge- 
rardo de Wodrington . Roberto de Cresswell de Setun, 
*tc.(Id.fol. 161. J 

21. Johnes fiiius Robert! de Gloucestre dedit Dune- 
cano de Wuderington toftum in Ellington . Test, dno 
Johne de Plesset . dno Ray' de Brun . Henrico de Se- 
ton . Johne de Woderinglon . Johne de Middleton . 
Symone de Cresswell, Ic. - (Id. fol 161, b.) 

22. Sciant gsent et futur quod ego Richardus de 
Gloucestria fiiius Robert! de Gloucestria dedi t concessi 
Johni filio Johnis de Wodrington p homagio 1 loftum et 
3 acras terr' in Ellington . Test, dno Witto de Harrun 
tune vie. Northumfc . dno Ada Baret . dno Rogero 
Maudut . Johne de Ridal t. Dat. apud Ellington die 
Lune post festum iti Martini in hyeme a 40 Hen. III. 
(Id. 161.; 

23. Ego Edmundus de Ellington fiiius quondam Ra- 
dulphi de Stokys dedi Dunkano de Wodrington imam 
dimid acram terf mee in teritorio de Ellington "le. Test* 
Johne de Wodrington : Rogero fre ejus . Johne Long 
de Wodrington et aliis. 

23. b. Sciant gsentes et futuri quod ego Isabella filia et 
heres Robert! Darayns chivalier dedi seiam Rogero de 
Woderington de omlbus terris q mihi jure hereditario 
descendebant in Ellington post mortem Roftti pris mei. 
Dat. I361.-~fld.fol. 161, b.} 

24. Sciant &c. quod ego Radus de Wedryngton miles 
dedi Wittmo Thorneton, capetto meo p bono servitio 
suo omnia terras et teiita mea in Ellington, &c . Dat. 
in festo pentecostes 1 Hen. VII. (Id.} 

25. Juratores dicunt super sacrum, quod quidam 
Robertus de Cresswell, avus praedicti Rogeri de Cress- 
well tenuit praedieta tenementa de quibus visum fece- 
runt in suo sess. et inde obiit seisitus ; post CHJUS deces- 
sum Simon de Cresswell successit in eisdem tenementis, 
fiiius 1 hseres, et inde obiit seisitus : Et similiter di- 
cunt quod praedictus Rogerus post decessum praedicti 
Simonis, patris sui, introivit in prsedict. tenemen. per 
successionem superdictorum . Escaet. de anno 21 Edw. 
I.fWallis, ii.341.) 

26. Johnes de Newbigging dedit dno Gerardo de 
Woderington milit unum toftum et 10 acras terr' ara- 
bills iu villa de Pendemore juxta Lynton, tc . Toste 


dno Rogero Mauduyt tune vie Northumbr . dno Ro- 
berto Bertram, multibus ; Roberto de CresswelL 
fLansd. MS. 326, fol. 160, b.J 

27. Hec indent'a testat' qd RoBt' Homer de Seton 
concessit t feodi firmam dimisit Alano Collane 1 He- 
lene uxi sue vnu tenementu in villa de Newbyggyng 
iuxta mare wcut jacet in longitudine a via regia vscj 
Harope Crofte 1 tn Rofcti man ex pte oriental . 1 tn 

Johis Creswell ex pte occidental . Iliid. &c. Reddendo 
inde annuatim quatuor solid 1c . Hiis testibs Johe Bel- 
sow tuc senescallo de Newbyggyng , Thoma Kydland 
tuc balliuo . Jotie de Scheles . Johe Whythede . Thoa 
Draper . Rofito Man . Jotie Fawconer . Jotie Seriane . 
Rofito Smith . 1 aliis . Dat. apud Newbyggyng 1410 . 
12 Hen. IV. (Ex Orig. Penes Auctorem.) 

The chapelry of NEWBIGGING-BY-THE-SEA, has the township of 
North Seaton on the south, that of Woodhorn on the west and north, and on 
the east " the curled waters" of " the stormy main." A large portion of it 
consists of an uninclosed tract called the Links, or Newbigging Moor, on which 
the proprietors of the other part of the chapelry have cattle stints in various 
proportions. An unsightly and profitless marsh, called the Carr, which is 
formed by the little brook which comes past Woodhorn, and a stream from 
the north overflowing it, runs along the south side of the Moor, and stands in 
great need of improvement. The whole chapelry consists of only one town- 
ship ; and, in 1821, contained 82 houses inhabited by 434 persons, the greater 
part of whom were fishermen a fine race of people, whose occupation makes 
them intrepid, but subjects them to perils that often bereave their families of 
their support." The kinds offish chiefly taken here are gadus, phleuronectes, 

k The crews of five boats belonging to this place, and Blyth, and Hartley, and consisting in all 
of nineteen men, perished in a violent storm at sea, in 1808. One family belonging to Newbigging, 
and of the name of Robinson, lost their father, three of his sons, and two nephews. This accident 
strongly excited the public sympathy, and collections and subscriptions to the amount of 1701 
were raised for the benefit of the families of the sufferers to the judicious distribution of which, a 
committee of gentlemen, of whom the late rev. John Smith, vicar of Newcastle, was an active 
member, paid great and meritorious attention. In 1824, a renegade, who had been in the British 
naval service during the late war, and, on the return of peace, stationed at the flag-staff on the 
Town Moor here, made a confession at Potsdam, that in 1812 he had murdered a man, who had 
escaped from a ship that was wrecked near the flag-staff, secured his chest, and buried his body 
on a point a little to the south of the station. Depositions of his confession were forwarded from 
the war-office, to Mr Bigge, of Linden, with instructions to enquire into the truth of his account. 
He was well remembered at Newbigging, as a worthless fellow : but after the most diligent search 
was made for the dead man's bones, nothing of the kind could be found ; and as the criminal had 
been several times in prison after his return to Prussia, for dishonest practices, and was in durance 
at hard labour in the work-house at Potsdam for life when he made the confession, it was believed 
that his whole tale was a fabrication to get to be put upon his trial in England, and set at liberty 
here under more lenient laws than those of his own country. 



cupea, and raja as common cod-fish, haddock, whiting, and ling ; halibut, 
plaice, sole, and turbot ; common herring and pilchard ; and skate : and the 
principal market for them is at Newcastle. 


Stands on the bold head-land of the Moor, which forms the north and main 
defence of the harbour. It consists of a tower and nave now in use, and a 
ruined chancel. The annexed drawing and subjoined notes supersede any 
lengthened account of this neglected, but interesting edifice. Its tower has 
one bell in it, is of good masonry, and a graceful form. The nave is J4> feet 
9 inches long, by 16 feet wide, and has had a north and south aisle, divided 
from the middle and remaining aisle by pointed arches, now walled up. In 
April, 1829, it was dark, dirty, and ruinous : a large gap, which had been 
made in its east wall, in the preceding winter, was very imperfectly filled 
with straw. Randall's manuscript mentions the " small gallery at the west 
end ;" and, " at the east end, above the altar table, the king's arms cut in 
wood in high relief, having been the stern of a ship, cast away by a storm.'* 
Here are no inscriptions, monuments, or carvings, worthy of notice, excepting 
certain crosses engraven on marbles on the floor of the nave, and on antient 
grave-stones, built up in the walls of the church, or scattered over the church 
yard. The chancel is about 50 feet long, and without a roof. Besides the 
large east window of five lights, and that on the north of one, it has two on 
the south one of three, and the other of two lights. All these have been 
once glazed, as appears by holes for iron stanchells in their mullions. It has 


an outer door- way to the south, and one to the north ; but the latter of these 
has formerly opened into a porch or vestry, eight feet by six within. The 
walls are more modern than the stone-work of the windows and door-ways, 
and the needle holes for the scaffolding to build them are still open. The 
prior and convent of Tynemouth were probably engaged in repairing this part 
of the chapel when the storm of the Reformation drove them from their work, 
which their successors in the impropriation of the rectory of Woodhorn have 
hitherto been excused from finishing. Somewhat above twenty years since, 
Newbigging, to me, was a favourite spot ; and the fine sands of the bay, the long 
dry moor, and its bold and rocky shores, can never fail to be interesting resorts 
to any that can be gratified with surveying the vastness, and admiring the 
power and the productions of the mighty deep. The rocks abound with va- 
rious sorts of sea weed among which, at low water, curious and rare fishes 
are often found ; and the attention of naturalists would be highly rewarded 
by investigating the numerous and beautiful animals of the molluscous genus, 
which coat and bespangle the sides of the rocks and the loose stones in the 
pools near the margin of the sea, at low water. 

The manor of Newbigging, as I have before shown, 1 formerly belonged to 
the Balliol family : from whom it passed to the families of Valentia, Dreux, 

1 See above, pp. 180 and 181. Different religious houses had possessions within this manor. 
Bernard de Balliol gave to the canons of Hexham one toft and two acres of ground here ; and a 
rent of 40s. a year in the adjoining village of North Seaton. (III. ii. 168.) The same Bernard 
also gave to the priory of Brinkburn a messuage in this place, which grant was confirmed by his 
successor Hugh de Balliol. (Brink. Chart, ff. 65, 66. J One John de Newbigging also granted 
two messuages here to the canons of Brinkburn, who granted two tofts at the east end of Newbig- 
ging to Simon, son of Maugur, junior, in consideration of the yearly rent of 500 herrings (Id. 

and Woodh. Misc. JVb. 8.) Simon, son of Maugur the elder, had also a grant from John Thorald 
of a messuage in the ville of " Newbigging," which he had by the gift and feoffment of Robert 
his father, and which had formerly belonged to Ralph the son of Alexander de Newbigging, and 
laid between the ground of the said Simon on the west, and a certain venal (channel or syke) on 

the east, which venal reached from the ground of Julian Crane, towards the sea (Newb. Misc. 

No. S.) And Robert Thorald, a burgess of Newbigging, in 1331, gave to Robert his son, lands 
in that town, near the land of Simon Maugur (Id. No. 9.) The Thorald family forfeited pos- 
sessions in this neighbourhood, which were granted to one Richard Hunter, in 34 Edw. III. ; 
other forfeited lands in this place being, at the same time, granted to Robert, son of Robert de 
Seaton (III. ii. 326, 327, 375.) In 1294, the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem 
claimed various privileges over his possessions in Seton, Newbiggingh, Ellington, and other places 
in this county. (III. i. 13Q.J In 16 Richard II. the prior of Tinmouth had a messuage here. 
(III. ii. 258.; 


Denton, and WiddringtOn. In 1294, Agnes de Valence, widow of Hugh de 
Balliol, held this manor in dower ; and in that year, John de Balliol, king of 
Scotland, at the assizes in Newcastle, substantiated his family claim to a mar- 
ket to be holden here weekly, on Mondays, by charter of Henry the Third ; 
and also to a fair granted in 45 Henry III. to be holden yearly on the eve, day, 
and morrow of St Bartholomew, which is the day of the dedication of their 
chapel, and had probably been the day of an old prescriptive fair, immemori- 
ably holden at the place before that time. Hugh de Balliol, indeed, according 
to the Calendar of the Patent Rolls, had had a grant of a market and an eight 
days fair from king John, in 1203. m But Henry the Third, in the 43rd year 
of his reign, gave to John de Balliol a charter for similar privileges, but two 
years after made some changes respecting the fair." In Edward the Second's 
time there was also a charter granted to John de Britanny, earl of Richmond, 
respecting a market and fair at Newbigging. The antient importance of 
Newbigging-by-the-Sea as a maritime town, will however be best shown by 
authentic notices of it from history. Thomas Hatfield, in 1352, granted an in- 
dulgence of forty days to all persons within his diocese who, by will or other- 
wise, would contribute assistance to the repairs and maintenance of the pier 
of Newbigging, for the security of shipping resorting thither. p This pier was 
built from north to south along the rocks on the north side of the harbour, 
and seems to have been a sort of breakwater formed of large rolled masses of 
basalt, and other hard rocks : part of it is still remaining. Wallis says, that 
in his time, " some of" its " piles of wood" were " conspicuous at low wa- 
ter." How long it had existed prior to Hatfield's time I have seen no account. 
But Edward the Second, in 1310, summoned this place to furnish naval 
assistance for his expedition against Scotland ; July 25, 1314, requested the 
bailiffs of " Newbyggyng" to furnish him with one ship for the same purpose; 
and, in 1316, granted a patent for kayage, or authority to collect tolls for 
loading or unloading goods upon quays here. q In 1333, Edward the Third 
directed them to lay an embargo on all ships within their port, and there to 
detain them for his use, as well as to send him a list of all vessels belonging 
to it, whether at that time in the harbour or absent on voyages. On January 
12, 1335, they had an order to release any foreign ship detained there in 

m III. i. 155, 156 ; III. ii. 389. n III. ii. 391. Id. p. 394. 

P See Newb. Misc. No. 5. 1 1ll. ii. 364. 


consequence of prior orders ; and in November, in the following year, all 
their ships belonging to the king's service, were summoned to muster with 
the northern fleet at Orwell, in Suffolk. But the circumstance which most 
strongly shows the rank in which this port was h olden in Edward the Third's 
time is, that of its bailiffs, with those of Lynn, Kingston upon Hull, Newcas- 
tle upon Tyne, and other places, each being summoned to send three or four 
of its most discreet and honest men to attend a council, to be holden at War- 
wick, under the bishop of Lincoln, the earl of Warwick, and others, on mat- 
ters of great state importance, on the Friday before New-year's day, 1337 ; 
on which day several other cities and towns were summoned to send deputies 
to a similar council, to be holden before the archbishop of Canterbury, and 
others, on the same business, in London/ The boroughs of Newbigging and 
Morpeth were each assessed at 6s. in the rate for defraying the expences of 
the knights of this shire at the parliament holden at Westminster, in 1382. 
After the death of sir Henry Widdrington, in 1518, the town (villa) paid a 
fee-farm rent of 10 lls. s Wallis describes it as having " several granaries 
in it for export from one of the finest bays before it on the coast of this coun- 
ty." " Corn ships, of about 60 tons burthen, coming up to the town : large 
ships, farther in, riding in five, six, or seven fathoms water, in security from 
tempests from the north and north-east." The granaries are on the beach, 
with which the lower part of the town street runs parallel : the other, which 
is neat and well built, lying along the road which leads to Seaton and the 
fords over the Wansbeck. One of the best houses in the place belongs to 
sir C. M. L. Monck, bart. of Belsay Castle ; and another, which adjoins the 
inn, and formerly made part of it, to Henry Tulip, of Bruriton, esq. Many 
of the other are let as lodgings to families who frequent the place for the 
benefit of health, and sea bathing. Warm and cold baths are attached to the 
principal inn : besides which, there are here four other houses licensed to 
retail ale and spirits ; and this place is fortunate beyond many sea-side places 
in having a plentiful spring of excellent fresh water on the beach, above the 
ordinary reach of the tides. The brewery is carried on by Francis Johnson 
and Co. The antient hospital of Newbigging stood about a quarter of a mile 
from the town, at the place on the road side to North Seaton, now called 
Spital House. 

r Rot. Scot, i, 92, 129, 148, 311, 468, 475, s Cole's Esch, 756, f. 46, 





1 Extracts from archdeacons' minutes at PAROCHI- 
AL VISITATIONS, &c. 1723. Newbigging is a chapel 
belonging to Woodhorn, and severed by the vicar there- 
of. It is dedicated to St Bartholomew. It hath for- 
merly been a large church, consisting of three aisles, 
but now nothing remains but the body of the middle 
aisle, the arches between the pillars on both sides being 
walled up, and the outward walls or boundaries of the 
building on both sides quite taken away. The walls of 
the old chancel, which has been a spacious one, are yet 
standing without roof, and built out of the present cha- 
pel, the arch between the body and the chancel being 
walled up. It appears to have been one of the best fa- 
brics in this county. Benefactions. There are certain 
lands and tenements in Newbigging belonging to the 
chapel, of which the churchwardens have sometimes let 
long leases. They are very much intermixed with other 
lands, and by that means may be in danger of being 
lost. In 1723, when two of the proprietors of adjoining 
lands were churchwardens, a complaint was made in my 
court of their having confounded the church lands with 
their own. Upon which I appointed a commission to 
examine and enquire into the church lands : and they 
are at present as follows : 


Conning garth lets for - - - - 15s. 

Robt. Gray pays for one rood of land in his stack 
garth - " - - ' -* - ' '- 3s. 

A place called Hurst Ledgate is let for - 12s. 

A house and garth and 2 roods of land in Wil- 
son's close - - - -}-><. 

A house and 2 roods of land 5s. 

William Pattison pays for a rood of land - 2s. 6d. 

Edward Dawson for a rood of land - 5s. 

John Watts for a rood of land - - 6s. 

John Winley for a house & "2 roods of land 14s. 

In all yearly 

4 4-s. 6d. 

The vicar of Woodhorn hath also a house here, with 
one rood of land belonging to it. This inventory was 
completed by the directions given in my visitation. Dr 
Sharpe also, at his parochial visitation here, Sept. 21, 
1723, among other orders, directed that a new fence or 
dike be built about the chapel yard, which was certified 
to be done at the Easter visitation in 1 725. August 20, 
1731, he visited this chapel again, and among other, 
has the following minute respecting it : " I have now 
directed that they shall immediately repair their steeple, 
(which has been one of the best in the county, and a 

considerable sea-mark, but now going to decay,) out of 
the rents of those lands, which are given for the use of 
the fabric : and they have undertaken that it shall be 
done accordingly." Archdeacon Robinson has entered 
only the following remark respecting this chapelry : 
" The fishing boats at Newbiggen used to pay the vicar 
2 per annum each, which custom has been beyond the 
memory of man. Of late they have paid nothing, by 
which means the living will be in danger of losing near 
30 p annum." Dr John Sharpe visited July 21, 1764, 
and gave the following orders : " No. 18. The inside 
of the spire pinned and pointed where necessary, and 
particularly at the top of the west window. No. 19. 
The spire to be repaired at the top, and pointed at the 
outside, and the needle holes filled up. No. 22. All 
stones that are not properly head-stones, to be thrown 
out of the chapel yard, and no head-stones to be set up 
for the future without the consent of the minister." 
" None since." (Archd. books, 1723 1792, pp. 140, 
141.; Dr Singleton, at his visitation, June 1, 1826, 
found upon enquiry, that some of the lots left for the 
support of this chapel were so far lost, that the occu- 
pants pretend to hold them by fixed payments ; which, 
however, vary from the sums charged upon them in 
Dr Sharpe's memoranda. There is a house and a gar- 
den, and two stints upon the common. The chapel is 
allowed evening service once a month, by the vicar of 
Woodhorn in person ; but it is right to say that Mr 
Kennicott found things in this respect as he has kept 
them. The church is in a sad state, more particularly 
considering that they have 80 in the hand of a neigh- 
bour. The large roofless choir is used as a burial place : 
with some persons the idea is, that it has never been 
finished. The situation is bold and fine. The clerk is 
paid by groats, and the fishing boats have long discon- 
tinued their offerings to the vicar. 

2. CURATES. Christopher Burton, clerk, curate in 
1577 and 1585. Henry Seaton, 1604. 

3. - The PARISH REGISTERS begin in 1662. " Sept. 
5, 1767, died at Newbigging-by-the-Sea, Mr Thomas 
Johnson, commonly known by the name of Recorder : 
he was many years older than the parish register of the 
place." ( Newc. Courant.) 

4. William Pye. judge of the consistory court of 
Durham, decreed that John Langley the elder, John 
Langley the younger, Mark Buhner, Francis Buhner, 
Thomas Rowntree, and Robert Davison, having landed 
and sold within the chapelry of Newbigging 1900 lob- 



sters, valued at 8s. per score, and worth =38 ; and 650, 
at 8s. 6d. a score, worth 13 16s. 3d. ; and the tithe 
thereof amounting to 5 3s. 6d., should pay such tithe 
to William Simcoe, vicar of Woodhorn, besides con- 
demning them in the expences of the suit (From a 
copy without date.) 

5. Thomas permissione divina Dunolmen Episcopus, 
dilectis in Christo filiis universis Archidiaconis rectori- 
bus, &c. Gratum obsequium et deo pium toties im- 
pendere opinamur quoties mentes fidelium per allectiva 
munera propensius excitamus De Omnipotentis Dei 
igitur misericordia & piissimae matris suse necnon B. 
Cuthberti patroni nostri confessoris gloriosi omniumque 
sanctorum mentis & precibus confidentes omnibus paro- 
chianis nostris & aliis quorum diocesani hanc nostram 
indulgentiam ratam habuerint & acceptam de peccatis 
suis vere contritis & confessis qui ad emendationem re- 
parationem & sustentationem PEJLJE de Neubinging 
pro secura navium applicatione aliqua de bonis suis a 
Deo sibi collatis contulerint seu in suis testamentis re- 
liquerint aut legaverint quadraginta dies de injunctis 
sibi penitentiis misericorditer Deo propitio relaxamus 
&c Dat. in man. de Midelham 3 Feb. 1352 (Reg. 
Hatf.p. 10.) 

6. Sciant presentes & futuri qd ego Johes Thorald 
de Newbigging dedi Simoni filio Maug'i senior! unu 
messuagiu 9re cu ptin. in villa de Neubigging q hui ex 
dono *t feofFamento Rofcti patris mei et qd conda erat 
Radulphi fit Alexandri de Neubigg jacens in? ft-am dci 
Simoois ex pte occidental! 1 qdda venale ex pte orien- 
tali extendens a Vra Juliane Crane vWs mare . H'end, 
&c. Hijs testify Johe de Seton . Jotine de Newbig. 
ging clico . Rofcto Thorald . Alexndro filio Elye . 
Rogo filio Witti . Johe fit Alexandri . Joh fit Nichi . 
1 mult aliis. (Ex orig. in Thesaur. D. $ C. Dunelm.) 

7- Rofctus Thorold burgensis de Newbigging dedit 
Roberto filio suo terras de Newbigging juxta terrain 
Symonis filii Maugeri, &c. Dat. 1331. 

8. Edward earl of Oxford and Mortimer, about 
1737, as part of his Bothal estates, had 5 parcels of 
ground here, amounting to 4 acres, 3 roods, and one 
perch, occupied by Ephraiin Johnson, the names of the 
parcels being " Harrop close, 2 riggs at M awd's pool, 
Land End rigg, West close, and 2 Barrow rodes." 

9. After the death of lord Widdrington, we find the 
York Building Company, between the four years from 
1720 to 1723, letting the 2 Fisher closes at Newbigging 
at from =20 to 25 a year : the Rode at from 10 to 

=30 : the Warren from =22 to =31 : the Fisher boats 
from =6 3s. 6d. to =8 1 1 s., and a note saying that " a 
boat with 4 oars is called a double boat, and pays =1 
18s. (id. ; but the single boat, which has but 2 oars, pays 
only 1 8s. 6d." In the advertisement for the sale of 
lord Widdrington's estates, in 1750, pursuant to three 
decrees in chancery, the ninth lot is described thus : 

Manor of Newbigging juxta mare : 
Quit Rents and Free Bents (disputed) 
Newbigging Cars and Fisher Closes 
The Rocks of Newbigging (disputed) 
The Warrener's House and Warren 
The Boats of Newbigging (disputed) 

In all 

10. The names of the proprietors in Newbigging, in 
September, 1829, were Lady Vernon, sir Chas. M. L. 
Monck, bart., Francis Cresswell, William Cresswell, 
Henry Tulip, Francis Johnson, William Watson, Wm 
French, and Christopher Wawn, Esqrs., the rev. Benj. 
Kennicott, John Watt, Thomas Wilkie, Thos. Hedley, 
James Thoburn, John Brotheiwick, William Sadler, 
John Stephenson, Isabella Pearson, John Renner, Ed- 
ward Hogg, Robert Robinson, and John Watson. 

11. The following sonnet was written in 1807, and 
was more suggested to the author's mind by evening 
sea-side walks at Newbigging, than at any other place : 

O moon ! how well I love thy beams, 
That all night flow like silver streams, 
O'er barks and waves that thy dominion own ! 
O, tell me in thy vales if God be known, 
Or if thy creatures feel the change of clime I 
Hast thou a spring a rapt'rous time, 
To lift with love thfir passions high f 
And does a summer lighten in their eye ? 
An autumn smite them, and a winter's breath, 
Their bodies wither with the frost of death ? 
Or are they angels guarding men from ill, 
And all thy fruits and flowers of endless bloom ? 
Thou wilt not tell me ; but th' art lovely still, 
Fair virgin ! as the seas and sails thy beams illume. 

12. ENOCH HALL, noticed in the pedigree of Hall, 
of Catcleugh, part ii. vol. i. p. 1 54, resided at Newbig- 
ging. He was a barrister of Grey's Inn, and chancellor 
of South Carolina, and died at Greenwich, in October, 
1753, in his way from Bristol to Newcastle. (Newc. 
Courant.J His will is dated July 1, 1751, and by it he 
left his estates at Catcleugh, Spithopehead, Spithope- 
haugh, Upper Chattlehope, Nether Chattlehope, Babs- 
wood, Gateshaugh, Evestones, Netherhouses, Bower- 



sheels, Sylls and Syllburn, the Hall otherwise the Hull 
Longbank, Stobbs, Kelleyburne, Davy Sheel and Davy 
Sheel-hope, the Hill, otherwise North Cresswell-lees, 
and all other his estates, to his sister Isabella Hall, 
subject, among other incumbrances, to a mortgage of 
5,000, and to the following charges, viz. : To his 
nephew John Cay 100, and his other nephews Robert 
and Gabriel Cay, and his niece Grace Cay, =300 each : 
to his nephews John, Richard, and Martin Gilpin, and 
his niece Ruth Gilpin, each 300 : to his sister Sarah 
Hall, and his nieces Ruth and Sarah Hall, 300 each : 
to his nephew Edward Hall 1,000 ; to his sister Mary 
Hall 40 a year for life ; but having become security 
to this sister for ^500, on her marriage with Joseph 
Lazonby, he, by a codicil of October 1, 1751, revoked 
the bequest to her of 40 a year for life, and transferred 
it to his brother Robert Gilpin and Ruth his wife. He 
was the only son and heir of Reynold Hall, but had five 
sisters, viz. ; I. ELIZABETH, married to Robert Cay, 

of Newcastle, esq., and had issue 1. John Cay, eldest 
son and heir, in 1756 of the Middle Temple, London; 
2. Robert Cay ; 3. Gabriel; 4. Grace Cay. II. MARY, 
married in 1751, to Joseph Lazonby, of Hexham, gent. 
III. SABAH, married to John Hall, who, in 175G, was 
late of Flatworth, and then of Ryton, and had issue 1. 
Edward; 2. Ruth ; 'A.Sarah. IV. RUTH, married to 
Robert Gilpin, of Broughton Tower, in Lancashire, by 
whom she had three sons and one daughter, viz. : John, 
Richard, Martin, and Ruth Gilpin. V. ISABELLA, devi- 
see of her brother Enoch, in his Redesdale estates, of 
which she had agreed, in 1750, to sell the Hill to Wm 
Cook, of Thockerington, in trust for Robert Wood, for 
.760 ; Davy Sheel, Bower Sheel, and South Riding, to 
Christopher Reed, for 1,512; Kellyburn, to Edward 
Fletcher, of the Cleugh-breays, for 700 ; Ivestones, 
Nether Houses, and Sills, to Henry Ellison, esq., for 
3,350; and the Stobbs, to Thomas Hall, for 820 
in all, for 7,142. 

WIDDRINGTON chapelry is bounded by the sea on the east, the town- 
ships of Cresswell and Ellington in this parish, and that of Oldmoor, in the 
parish of Bothal, on the south, the chapelry of Ulgham on the west, and 
the parish of Warkworth on the north. It is said to contain 4142 acres 5* 
and, in 1821, had in it 388 persons, and 74 families of whom 68 were agri- 
culturists, five employed in trade or mechanics, and one professionally. This 
is a fine corn district, and also contains abundance of coal. In 1722, John 
Wake, under the direction of Richard Peck, bored for coal in Widdrington 
Park, and after passing through one bed of six inches, another of eighteen, 
and a third of six, came to a fourth, at 1,56 feet deep, which was three feet 
thick ; u and a colliery is still worked in the park grounds, a little to the south 
of Widdrington castle. Formerly there were extensive woods here, of the 
existence of which two considerable patches near the Park-head, and several 
grotesque and stag-horned trunks of oaks and old thorns, richly overhung 
with ivy, still remain as evidence, on each side of the way through the park 
grounds. Part of the Park indeed, within the memory of man, was covered 
with wood ; but kept in such a neglected and profitless state that sir George- 
Warren caused all the trees to be stubbed up, and the ground to be tilled* 

Mack. ii. 129, 

u R. Peck's View Book, penes I. Straker, 


The whole chapelry contains three constablewicks, viz. : Widdrington, 
Driridge, and Linton, which maintain their poor conjointly. The chapel, so 
early as 1307, had parochial limits, and an evidence of that year even calls it 
" a church," and shows that it had an an altar in it dedicated to St Edmund; 
for doing service at which and elsewhere in the parish, if it should be judged 
necessary, for the good of the souls of all his ancestors, John lord of Wid- 
drington gave to sir Henry de Thornton, chaplain, all that ground and build- 
ings which sir Roger of Hertwayton, chaplain, formerly held by the gift of 
his grandfather sir John de Widdrington, besides two marks yearly out of the 
mill of Linton/ This altar to St Edmund was, I apprehend, the portable 
one which Pope Martin the Fourth, who died in 1284, in the first year of his 
pontificate, granted a licence to John de Widdrington and Margaret his wife 
to have in places suitable for the purposed Edward the Third also, by his 
letters patent, in 1339, granted to Gerard de Widdrington a licence to appro- 
priate a rent of seven marks a year out of East Chevington, Widdrington, 
and Driridge, for a chaplain to do divine service in the chapel of Widdring- 
ton ; and a further sum of forty shillings in aid of the same purpose out of the 
before mentioned villages/ Roger de Widdrington had also a grant, in 1370, 
to secure ten marks a year out of Driridge and Widdrington for a chaplain 
officiating here ; y and, after the Dissolution, Robert Hedley occurs under 
" Witherington chapel," in a list of pensions paid to incumbents of chantries, 
as incumbent of the Holy Trinity Chapel, and receiving a yearly pension of 
4 lls. ; z after which time I have met with occasional mention of the names 
, of curates* of Widdrington, but the curacy seems to have continued in some 
manner dependent on the mother church of Woodhorn till the year 1768, 
when vicar Wibbersley gave up all right of presentation to it by himself and 
his successors to the Warren family, and also relinquished to the perpetual 
curate of it all the claim they had to the ecclesiastical profits within the cha- 
pelry 5 which arise from lands and the customary oblations for occasional 
duties, no tithes being paid in this district, excepting to the Mercer's Compa- 
ny in London, as impropriators of the rectory of Woodhorn. The tithe of 
hay, as I was told, is paid by a modus. 

T Widd. Misc. No. 3. w Id. No. 4. x Id. No. 2 ; and III. ii. 371. y III. i. 85. 
z B. Willis's Hist, of Abbeys, ii. 167. a See Widd. Misc. No. 5. 

t> Woodh. Misc. No. 6 ; Randal's Churches, 52. 




Archdeacon Sharpe, in 1723, found the chapel itself in a deplorable state; 
and when his son visited it in 1764, it was in no better condition ; but sir 
George Warren repaired it in 1766, since which time duty has been uniform- 
ly done in it. c It is an antient fabric, and consists of a nave and chancel, 
which have undergone frequent alterations and repairs. The nave has had a 
north aisle, the archways between the site of which and the middle aisle are 
at present walled up. The south aisle remains, is 33 feet long, arid 12 feet 
7 inches wide, and is divided by two pointed arches, supported by octagonal 
columns from the middle aisle, which is 18 feet 10 inches wide, and has 
pointed arches, one octagonal and two round columns on its north side. 
The chancel is 36 and a half feet by 17 feet 7 inches, and has an oratory 
or chantry porch projecting from it on the south, lighted by two windows, 
and opening under one arch into the chancel itself, and by another into the 
south aisle of the nave. This porch is separated from the rest of the church 
by an old oak screen, and has an altar sink-stone in the south wall : it was 

c Wid. Misc. No. 6. 


probably the chantry of the Holy Trinity, of which Robert Hedley is men- 
tioned in 1553, as having prior to that time been chaplain. The east window 
of the chancel has three lights, and in its north wall there are two sepulchral 
cells, one with a flat, the other with a pointed arch, and the Widdrington 
arms over it, but both of them without recumbent figures. The altar sink- 
stone is unusually large. Three corbules still remain under the east window, 
which probably assisted in supporting the ciborium or canopy of the altar, be- 
fore the time of the Reformation. 

The matwr of Widdrington/ in the time of king Stephen, or in the beginning 
of the reign of Hen. II. was holden under Walter Fitz- William as of his barony 
of Whalton ; but the claim of the family to it, who bore its local name at 
that time, having fallen into dispute, the contest had to be settled by a trial 
at law. For a long time after the Norman conquest, when a tenant had lost 
his evidences, or they were burnt or embezzled, or his witnesses were dead, 
the law permitted him to try his right by combat or wager of battel, between 
his own champion and the champion of the demandant. In cases of this kind, 
the special interference of heaven was expected to give victory to him that 
fought on the side of justice, and judgement was always finally given to the 
victorious party : they fought with batoons or cudgels ; but death seldom 
ensued. 6 Henry the Second greatly discountenanced these judicial combats 
by the introduction of the law of grand assize ; but there was another species 

d Ceolwulf, who resigned the crown of Northumberland, and retired to the monastery of Lindis- 
farne,. about the year 737, gave to the monks of that house the ville of Warkworth, with its ap- 
pendant manors or places, all circumscribed by the following boundaries : From the water called 
the Line to the mouth of the Coquet, and from thence to the city called Brincewell (Brains- 
haugh ?) ; and from the Coquet to Hfodscelfe towards the east, and from the Aln as far as into the 
halfway between the Coquet and the Aln. (Twysd. x. Scrip, col. 69. ) This grant probably in- 
cluded the chapelry of Widdrington, and as much of the integral part of the parish of Woodhorn 
as lies to the north of the Line. The author of this account, however, says that king Hosbert 
took the ville of Warkworth from St Cuthbert ; but at what period that place was curtailed of 
Widdrington does not appear, though 1 think it probable that the separation was made when the 
lands of earl Mowbray and his adherents were parcelled out among the soldiers of Wm Rufus. 

e See more on this subject in Coke on Littleton, Second Institute, p. 247. The oath of the 
champions was this : " Hear this ye judges That I have this day neither eat, drank, nor have 
upon me neither bone, stone, nor grass, nor any enchantment, sorcery, or witchcraft, whereby the 
power of the word of God might be diminished, or the devil's power encreased : and that my 
appeal is true ; so help me God, and his saints, and by this book." 


of trial common in the early periods of our history, called wager of law, or 
pledge of duel, by which a defendant of good credit could put himself upon 
his trial without the liability of being borne down by a multitude of false wit- 
nesses brought against him by the plaintiff. Trials of this kind were conduct- 
ed with great solemnity, and produced great interest among the friends of the 
contending parties. Sometime about the beginning of the reign of Henry 
the Second, William Tasca f having accused Bertram de Widdrington of un- 
just possession, as it should seem, of the ville of Widdrington and a moiety of 
Burradon, and having taken a day to defend his charge in the court of the 
chief lord, and failing to do this, Alan of Driridge, his peer, gave his bond to 
prosecute the suit by duel or trial of battel ; but he also not appearing on the 
days appointed, the court adjudged him to be craven or recreant, and releas- 
ed the possessions in dispute to the said Bertram as right heir to them, and as 
his own proper inheritance. This decision was made by Odonel de Umfre- 
ville, in the court of William Fitz-Walter, at Whalton, before a great number 
of witnesses, 29 of whom tested the deed in which the record of the judge- 
ment is given by Walter Fitz- William himself, and which was probably in- 
tended as a new title to these patrimonial lands of the demandant. The first 
clause of the deed is a conveyance from Fitz- William " to Bertram of 
Wdringtun of the ville called Wdringtun, with a moiety of Burgundy," 5 or 
Burraton, to be holden by the service of one knight's fee : the other half of 
Burraton was holden by the Ogle family, who were also tenants of the baron 
of Whalton. The same Walter Fitz- William, in accounting to Henry the 
Second for the service he owed to the crown in 1165, returns " Bertram de 
Wodrington and Gilbert de Hoggal," as each holding under him one knight's 
fee of the old feoffment. This circumstance of the Widdringtons being mid- 
dlemen between the king and his tenant in capite is the reason why there are 
no early inquests after death respecting their property and successive heirs. 
Much, however, does not seem to have been added to their estate between 
the time of king Stephen and 1240, when Gerard de Widdrington held Wid- 

f The sheriff of Northumberland, in the Pipe Roll for 7 Henry II. a. d. 1161, accounted in the 
exchequer, under the head of " new pleadings and new agreements," for four marks for Wm de 
" Tesca," who accordingly had a quietus for it out of the treasury. 

* In both the copies of the original it is " mediam Burgundiae," but this is plainly a contraction, 
for " medietatem Burgundiae/' or a half or moiety of Burraton, in Tinmouthshire, of which the 
family for a long time afterwards were proprietors. 


drington, Driridge, and a moiety of Burradon, as his ancestors had done, by 
the fee of one knight of the old feoffment. Some trifling acquisitions, indeed, 
had been made to it in Ellington and Linton, in the time of king John. h 
Gerard de Widdrington too, prior to the year 1274, had acquired from the 
Merlays of Morpeth, an estate in Tranwell, to the extent of twelve bovates of 
land. 1 The first considerable addition to their wealth, however, seems to 
have been by the marriage of sir John de Widdrington with Christian, one of 
the three daughters and co-heirs of sir Adam de Swinburne, who died in 1326, 
when the king, in parliament, assigned to Gerard de Widdrington, as his mother 
Christian's purparty of her husband's possessions, the manors of Haughton, 
in this county, and Laverton, in Cumberland, lands in Col well and Stonecroft, 
and a third part of a messuage in Newcastle. This last Gerard also, through 
the Denton j family, secured considerable possessions in his own neighbourhood, 

h Wid. Misc. Nos. 7 and 8. ' III. i. 116 ; Wid. Misc. No. 17. 

J It is stated in the History of Cumberland, that Richard Stouland and Helena his wife, in 7 
Edw. I. a. d. 1279, granted Over Denton, in Gilsland, to John de Widdrington, (Burn fy JVfcA. 
it. 50SJ with whose issue male it still remained in the time of James the First. (Hutch. Cumb. i. 
145.) The Widdringtons had also considerable interest in the manor of Denton, near Newcastle, 
and several transactions respecting it with a family which derived their name from it ; for, in 
1327, John de Denton granted to Roger, brother and heir of John de Widdrington, late lord of 
Denton, and their heirs, an annual rent of five marks, sir Geoffry Scrope, baron of Whallon, being 
one of the witnesses to the deed ; and, in 1328, the same sir Geoffry confirmed lands in Denton, 
which was a manor within his barony of Whalton, upon Roger de Widdrington. In 1334, 
Richard Halden, chaplain, gave to John Denton, burgess of Newcastle, one whole moiety of the 
manor of Denton, and one whole moiety of the manor of Redewood, and 2 tofts and 2 crofts, and 
30 acres of land in Denton, to hold for his life, by paying to Roger de Widdrington, brother and 
heir of John de Widdrington, five marks, and on condition that after John cle Denton's death, the 
reversion of the property mentioned in the premises should go to John de Emeldon, son of William 
de Emeldon, clerk, and of Agnes, the daughter of the said John de Denton, and the heirs of their 
bodies. Sir Gerard de Widdrington, knight, by deed, dated at Widdrington, in 1355, granted to 
Edmund de Widdrington a rent often marks yearly out of the manor of Denton ; and, in 1361, 
an indenture tripartite, witnesses that the same Gerard de W. and his brother Roger having given 
to Edmund de W. the same annual rent of ten marks out of Denton, the said Edmund then 
conferred the reversion of it upon Joan, late wife of William Blacklamb, formerly burgess of 
Newcastle, for life, with remainder to John Blacklamb and Joan his wife, and their issue ; remain- 
der to Gerard de Widdrington and his heirs. Richard the Second, in 1 380, granted to Adam of 
Fenrother, and other feoffees, licence of mortmain to assign to the prior and convent of Tinmouth 
the manor of Denton and Redewode, near Newburn, with the exception of one annual rent out of 



at Woodhorn, Newbigging, and Ellington, out of the wreck of the estate of the 
Balliols, lords of Bywell. In the early history of this family, we no way meet 
with notices of their being engaged in merchandize, or as filling any of the fiscal 
or municipal offices of Newcastle ; but their share of the Swinburne estate 
seems to have had the ordinary tendency of additional wealth in increasing the 
importance of its possessor, and of gratifying the desire of adding field to field. 
For though they did not condescend to gather the honey of trade with their 
own hands, they did not refuse to intermarry with families that earned their 
fortune in the counting house : Gerard, the eldest son of Christian Swin- 
burne, died without issue : but his brother Roger married Elizabeth, the 
only daughter of Richard de Acton, a considerable merchant, arid once mayor 
of Newcastle, and purchased the estates of Plessy and Shotton, besides lands 
in Blagdon and Weteslade : he also, in the reign of Edward the Third, ac- 
quired the manor of Great Swinburne, which had been the inheritance of his 
mother's uncle, Nicholas de Swinburne, and passed by one of his three 
daughters and co-heirs, to the Fishburne family. Soon after which time, 
scions from the parent stock of Widdrington began to root and thrive in vari- 
ous parts of the county ; and many individuals of the family appeared in high 
situations among the counsellors and warriors of their times. They frequent- 
ly filled the offices of high-sheriff and of knights in parliament for the shire ; 
and we pass in this place over numerous instances of valour, loyalty, and 
wisdom, to notice one of a rare and exalted kind. Sir William Widdrington, 
at his own expence, raised forces, and fought with such distinguished bravery 
and zeal on the side of Charles the First, as to receive a patent of nobility 
for his gallant conduct ; but he fell, fighting against the Cromwellian party, 
in a hot encounter, at Wigan, in Lancashire, in 1651. Of this nobleman, 
Clarendon has drawn the following brilliant portrait : " His lordship was 

it often marks, and another of one mark. In 1382, Joan, wife of Wm Blacklamb, acknowledges 
the rent charge often marks to be in reversion to the use of John de W. heir of Roger de W. ; 
and, in 1393, John, son of John, son and heir of John de Denton, late burgess of Newcastle, 
released to John, son and -heir of Roger de W. all the right he had in all the lands in Northum- 
berland, which had belonged to John de Denton, his grandfather. In 31 Hen. VI. the prior of 
Tinmouth let to Gerard of Widdrington, " all the tithes which his father had occupied prior to 
that time :" and the said Gerard " knowledged himself to be paid for the firme of Denton to the 
moine efter Martynmas day last past, as were in his own tyme, as in his father's time, &c." (Lansd. 
MS. 326, fol 151, b. j 153, b. ; 154, b. Brand's Newc* ii. 97. ) 


one of the goodliest persons of that age, being near the head higher than most 
tall men, and a gentleman of the best and most antient extraction of the 
county of Northumberland, and of a very fair fortune, and one of the four 
which the king made choice of to be about the person of his son the prince, 
as gentleman of his privy chamber, when he first settled his family. His 
affection for the king was always most remarkable. As soon as the war broke 
out, he was one of the first who raised both horse and foot at his own charge, 
and served eminently with them under the marquis of Newcastle, with whom 
he had a particular and entire friendship. He was very nearly allied to the 
marquis, and by his testimony that he had performed many signal services, 
he was, about the middle of the war, made a peer of the kingdom." William 
lord Widdrington, his son and successor, had a bill introduced into parliament 
to sell some lands for the paying his brothers and sisters portions, and providing 
for his younger children : it came from the lords April 11, and was commit- 
ted April 17, to a great number of the members of the house of commons spe- 
cially named, together with the members for Lincoln, Northumberland, and 
Cumberland, with directions to meet the next day in the speaker's chamber, 
and to take into consideration the interest of Col. Gray and Mr Graham in 
relation to their engagements for the old lord Widdrington, and all other per- 
sons concerned as creditors or otherwise ; k but it does not, from the journals 
of that house, appear that the measure ever passed into a law. Of the public 
life of William the third lord Widdrington, I have met with very few no- 
tices. By his will, which is dated March 26, 1694, and proved in the follow- 
ing year, he settled all his lands on his three sons ; but with a frailer bond 
than he entailed upon them a high and chivalrous but unfortunate attach- 
ment to the house of Stuart. William the fourth lord Widdrington, and his 
brothers Charles and Peregrine, joined the insurrection which hoisted the 
standard of revolt against the house of Hanover in favour of Prince Charles, 
the son of James the Second, and by this rash adventure, as by a stroke of 
lightning, blasted and withered a family that had for seven centuries flourish- 
ed in affluence and honour, and dissipated a fortune that had taken the 
labours and the prudence of the same period to accumulate and keep to- 
gether. They were all three taken in arms at Preston, tried, and found guilty 
of high treason. The articles of impeachment of high treason exhibited against 

k Jour. H. C, viij. 403, 408. 


James earl of Derwentwater, William lord Widdrington, William earl of 
Nithsdale, George earl of Wintoun, Robert earl of Carnwath, William vis- 
count Kenmure, arid William lord Nairn, accused them, among other things, 
of " levying within the counties of Tiviotdale, Northumberland, Cumberland, 
and the county palatine of Lancaster, arid elsewhere, within the kingdom, a 
most cruel, bloody, and destructive war." Lord Widdrington's answer to 
these articles, and his speech in extenuation of the crime charged against 
him, together with some account of the estates he forfeited, will be found in 
the Miscellanea respecting this chapelry. 1 Derwentwater and Kenmure were 
beheaded. Nithsdale, by the cleverness of his amiable countess, escaped out 
of the Tower a few hours before the time appointed for his execution. Win- 
toun also escaped. Widdrington, Carnwath, and Nairn, were pardoned ; 
but the attainder on their blood and property was preserved. On Feb. 27, 
1719, lord Widdrington set forth, in a petition to parliament, that he was 
seized as tenant in tail of his paternal estate of about 3,000 a year, part of 
which had then been sold for 32,400, for the use of the public, and the 
whole forfeited from him and his family for ever ; but that he was also seized 
as tenant by courtesy, of the estate of Stella, worth about 800 a year, 
which he had obtained in marriage, and it had been decreed by the com- 
missioners and trustees for the public, to descend, after his death, to his 
children ; he, therefore, prayed that leave might be given to bring in a clause 
to be added to the bill then depending in relation to forfeited estates, to enable 
his majesty to apply out of Stella a sum not exceeding 700 a year, towards 
the support arid maintenance of himself and his distressed family. The king 
said, he had no objection to what the house should do therein : but the ques- 
tion passed in the negative by a majority of 159 noes, against 126 yeas." 1 In 
another petition, 27 February, 1733, after stating that a clause in an act in 
1723, recited that by the sale of his real and personal estate, and the rents 
and profits of it received before the sale, the sum of 100,000, and upwards, 
had been raised, and the greater part of that sum paid into the exchequer, 
and also directed the sum of 12,000 to be applied to the maintenance of 
himself and family ; but he himself, being incapacitated to sue, and disabled 
to inherit any estate that might fall to him, therefore prayed that leave might 
be given to introduce a bill into parliament for removing the incapacities 

1 Nos. 41, 42, 43. m Jour. H. C. xix. 104, 


occasioned by his attainder, and for granting him such other relief as the 
house should think fit, which bill passed into a law by receiving the royal 
assent on the 17th of May following." The real purchasers of the greater 
portion of the estate were " the Governour and Company of Undertakers for 
raising the Thames Water in York Buildings." The rental of the portion 
they purchased was stated in a printed particular, to be 1,808 14s.. 2d., 
and their bargain was for 57,100, which is somewhat " above the rate of 31-^ 
years purchase." Their contract with the commissioners of forfeited estates 
was signed on March 30, 1720 ; and, in April, 1722, they had paid in instal- 
ments of the purchase money to the amount of 49,404 12s. lid. ; but the 
house, gardens, and demesne lands, being represented in the particular to be 
worth 500 a year, and never after the purchase producing more than 250 
a year, the company, in 17^7> " drew up an account, and stated a balance, 
with their several cravings for abatement out of the remaining part of the 
purchase money, which abatements amounted in all to 5,127 14s. ll^d., 
leaving a balance of 2,567 12s. lyd. to be discharged," which sum was paid 
into the exchequer in June that year, as the real balance then due to the 
public ; but the lords commissioners declared, that however reasonable the 
deductions might be, they had no power to make them ; in consequence of 
which the matter was referred to the barons of the exchequer, but the com- 
pany having got into great difficulties, their creditors represented their situa- 
tion, with respect to this estate, in a petition to the house of commons, in 
1744 ; and an act was passed " empowering the surviving commissioners and 
trustees of forfeited estates to execute proper conveyances of the late lord 
Widdrington's estate, in the county of Northumberland, contracted for by the 
York Buildings Company, to trustees, for the creditors of the said company, 
upon payment of a sum of money therein mentioned, into his majesty's ex- 
chequer." The sum mentioned in the act was 5,127 14s. 2d., so that the 
abatements they petitioned for were not allowed. In 1749, the estate was 
advertised to be sold, "pursuant to a decree and subsequent order of the 
high court of chancery," the rent of the several farms being then 2,619 14s. 
8d., and of the colliery 40. In the following year, the whole was again ex- 
posed for sale, in ten lots ; and, in 1751, three of the lots were still in the mar- 
ket, but about that time finally disposed of. Widdrington, Driridge, Chibburn, 

Jour. H. C. xxii. 62, J54. Id. xxiv. 799, 821, 856, 891. 



and part of Woodhorn, were purchased by Thomas Revel, esq., of Fitcham, 
in Surrey, arid from him have descended, by female heirs, to lady Vernon, 
their present proprietor. Linton, and part of Ellington, were acquired 
by Dr Askew, as already related. The Cresswell family obtained Woodhorn 
Demesne ; and part of the township of Woodhorn was bought by the prede- 
cessors in the title to it, of the rev. W. D. Waddilove, its present owner. 
This is a rapid historical sketch of the fortunes and possessions of this 
antient and war-famed family. A panoramic view of all its chiefs and their 
families, grouped in successive generations, and tinted with the colours that 
time has spared of the labours of the recording hand of truth, will be found 
in the following 


Non procul ab hoc Morpit, WITHEBINGTON Saxonibus olim bitjninjrun, antiquum castrum prope littus 
cernitur, quod nomen fecit nobili et equestri familiae de Wetherington, cujus virtus in Scotico bello subinde 
emicuit.- (Camd. Brit. Ed. 1590, p. 654.; 

Then bespake a squire ot Northumberland, " And I stand myself and look on ; 

Ric. Witherington was his name : " But while I may my weapon wield 
" It shall never be told in south England," he says, " I will not fail both heart and hand." 

" To king Henry the Fourth for shame. For Witheringtoii my heart was woe, 
'* I wot you been great lords two, That ever he should slain be ; 

" I am a poor squire of land ; For when his legs were hewn in two, 
" I will never see my captain flght on a field, He knelt, and fought on his knee. 

(Chevy Chace.") 

ARMS. Quarterly argent and gules a bend sable. CREST. A bull's head, sable. Two engravings of their seals are 
given in Surtees's Durham, under SEALS, Plate 11, Nos. 17 and 18. 

[The parts of this pedigree which are not corroborated by reference to authorities, or by evidence given in the Widdring- 
ton Miscellanea, are taken from the visitations by Flower, Glover, and Vincent, and contained in the Harleiaii MSS. 1448, 
1554, and 5808 ; and from draughts of the Widdringtou pedigree, communicated by Christopher Blackett, of Wylam, esq. 
and Mr John Bell, of Newcastle. Parts of it have also been derived from various miscellaneous sources, and must be con- 
sidered more in the way of information than of facts. The portion of the Swinburne pedigree attached to the early part of 
this, Is, with respect to succession, from Ulfchill to Adam the son of John, exactly as it stands in Vincent's, who, in support 
of it, refers to different records, and amongst the rest to a petition of John of West Swinburne against the abbot of Newmin- 
ster, in 21 Edw. I., which probably recites the order of descent from Ulfus or Ulfchill, in tlie same manner as he has given 
It, but cannot now be found. The illustrations, now first added to Vincent's account, seem to coincide and verify with it.] 

! JOHN DE WIDDUINGTON is stated to have occurred as a witness to some documents in SO Henry I. 1139 1 140. (Harl.^* 

MS. 5808.) | 


" BERTRAM BE WDRINGTON"-T ULFCHILL DE SWINBURNE was a witness to Walter Fitz-William's grant=f* 


established his right in Widdring- 
ton, and half ot Burradon, iu the 
time of king Stephen or Henry II. ; 
and, in 1165, occurs in the Liber 
Niger as holding one knight's fee ag patriarcn of that ancient ^ exce lleiit family. 

Of the baron of Whalton. (Wid. 
Misc. No. 1 ; and IL i. 374.) 

of Widdrington, and half of Burradon, to Bertram de Widdrington, in the 
early part of the reign of Henry the Second. (Wid. Misc. No. \.) In Vin-. 
cent's pedigree of the Swinburnes of Capheaton, he is called Ulf, and stands 


Issue of Bertram de Wdrlngton. 
. I 

Issue of Ulfchill de Swinburne. 

III. GALFRID DE WYDRINGTON, and Gerard his son,=r 
were witnesses to a deed respecting Ellington, with 
Robert Bertram, and Richard his son, the former of 
whom died in 1203. (Above, p. 211, Ab. 7 * 13.) Gal- 
frid de Widdrington was also a witness to the deed of 
Walter Fitz- William, baron of Whalton, which releas- 
ed Oosforth to Robert de Lisle in the time of Odonel 
de Umfreville, who died in 11H2. (Lansd. MS. 326, 
fol. 103.) . 

ADAM, son of Ulf de Swinburne. (Vincent.) Ralph Ae*f= 
Gunnerton, whose great gt. gt. grandson was living in 1296, 
confirmed a grant of 33 acres of land in Swinburne, which 
Adam, the son of " Uskill" de Swinburne made to Robert, 
the son of Richard of Colwell. (Lansd. MS. 155, b. ; and 
157, b.J 

IV. SIR GERARD DE WIDDRINGTON, knight, in 1212, had from Hugh Flandren- = 

sis, his man, a lease of half a toft and 21 acres of the land belonging to himself 
and his sister Maud, for 16 years, at three marks a year, on condition, that if the 
said Gerard should die within the specified term, Hugli the lessor should hold the 
convention for the benefit of Galfrid, Gerard's son. (Wid. Misc. No. 7.) In 1240, 
Gerard de Widdrington held Driridge, and half of Burradon, of the barony of 
Whalton (in. i. 204) ; and he occurs twice in the sheriffalty of Guischard de 
Charrum, from 1267 to 1271, as a witness to deeds, once with John de Widdring- 
ton, and Roger his brother, and both times as a knight. ( Cart. Rid. 94; Hurl. 
MS. 1448,/oA 23, a ; see also II. i. 211, No. 14.) | ' 


under the name of Richard de 
Swinburne, was a juror on the in- 
quisition after the death of Otwell 
de Insula, holden at Morpeth in 
34 Henrv III. 1255. 

V. JOHN DE WODERINGTON,T- GALFRID, son of Gerard de JOHN DE SWINBURNE, son=r=ANiCiA, to whom and to 

and his father sir Gerard de 
Woderington, occur as wit- 
nesses to a deed of Ada de 
Balliol respecting I/inton with 
Robert de Rue, who, in 1240, 
was owner of Linemouth. 
(Wid. Misc. 8, a.) In a deed 
of 1307, he is described as sir 
John deWiddringtou, & grand- 
lather of John lord of Wid- 
drington, and as having made 
a grant of lands to the main- 
tenance of a chaplain in the 
chapel of Widdrington (Id. 
No. 3.) 

Widdrington, mentioned a- 
bove, in 1212, and John, son 
I suppose of this Galfrid, oc- 
cur in the sheriffalty of Wal- 
ter de Cambo in 1277 and 

GERARD, son of Gerard de 
Widdrington, had a grant 
from bis father of 12 acres 
of land In the field of Wid- 
drington. (Wid. Misc. 8 4.) 
One of the same name was a 
knight in 1268, and on the 
jury at the assizes in New- 
castle in 1294. (See Gen. VI. 
No. 2.) 

of Richard of East Swin- 
burne, had a grant from 
John the prior and the con- 
vent of Hexham, of all 
their land and capital mes- 
suage which Richard Fos- 
sour formerly held, and all 
their land, with the toft 
and croft which Sampson de 
Swinburne sometime held 
in that village ; and of all 
their land in Steldene, ex- 
cepting the sheep pasture 

there, and their pasture in the moor of " Gun Warton," according to the purport 
of a charter of the abbot of Newminster, in the possession of the said prior and con- 
vent, Hugh de Bolbeck, Robert de Insula, Thos. de Ogle, Thos. de Fenwick, knts., 
John de West Swinburne, and others, being witnesses to the deed. (From the ori- 
ginal (it Capheaton.) In 1266, he granted to Balliol College, Oxford, the lands which 
that body still enjoy there. William, Nicholas, and John de Swinburne, were wit- 
nesses, in 1274, to sir Thos. Fenwick's grant of Capheaton to Alan de Swinburne. 
'///. ii. 2.J In 1277, John de S. had a grant of free warren in Bewcastle and Swin- 
iurne; and, in 1279, of a market and fair in Bewcastle (Id. 392,;; and, in 1278, was 
sheriff of Cumberland. John de Denton, in Gillsland, confirmed a grant which John 
de East Swinburne made to William of West Swinburne respecting certain messuages 
and lands which the said John de Swinburne held of Denton in Haughton, and which he had of him in ex- 
change for other messuages & lands which were holden under the said J. de Swinburne in Bewcastle. (Id. 31. J 
In 1294, he was assessor and collector, in this county, of the tenths granted by parliament ; and, in 1298, the 
levies made by him were ordered to assemble under Walter de Huntercumb, lord of Wooler. In 1300, he was 
one of the commissioners appointed to summon the knights of Northumberland to meet the king, for the pur- 
pose of performing military service against Scotland ; in the same year, he had also an injunction to enforce the 
muster of the levies of the men at arms, and to return the names of the defaulters into the wardrobe ; and, in 
the following year, had three several commissions of array for Northumberland (Palg. Par. Writs.) 

WILLIAM DE SWINBURNE, rector of Fordun, in Scotland, and chaplain, treasurer, &c. to Margaret, queen of 
Scotland, and daughter of Hen. the Third of England (?) But see more of the history of the Swinburne family 
under Capheaton, Haughton Castle, and Swinburne Castle. 

1. ROBERT DE SWINBURNE, according to Yin- 
cent, was son and heir of John de Swinburne. 
His descendants settled in Essex, and a pedi- 
gree and detailed account of them is given in 
Morant's history of that county. He was lord 
of Gunnerton and chief lord of Swinburne, and 
(See over fur the four other sons..") 

her husband, sir John 
de Swinburne, Richard 
Syward confirmed all 
their lands in Espley- 
wood and Ravensburn, 
in North Tindale, Hugh 
Russell, who tested the 
release of the manor of 
Simonburne to Adam de 
Swinburne and Idonea 
de Graham his wife, be- 
ing a witness to the deed. 
(Wid. Misc. 13; see 
also No. 10, $c.) Bishop 
Kellaw, 14 Nov. 1313, 
granted an indulgence of 
forty days for the souls 
of sir John de Swin- 
burne, knight, and of his 
consort Anicia, whose bo- 
dies were buried in the 
parish church of Chol- 
lerton (III. ii. \5.) 

had for his homage a grant, by Richard of Gloucester, of one toift 
and three acres of land In Ellington (Hoorf//. Misc. Supra, p. 212, 
Ko. 22) ; and sir John de Woderington, knight, occurs as a wit- 
ness to a Plessy deed, while Walter de Cambo was sheriff of North- 
umberland in 1278 & 1279 (Cart. Rid. Jot. 68) ; and he & his brother 
sir Gerard Widdrington. knt., in the sheriffalty of John de Lythe- 
graynes, between 1275 & 1277. (Uarl. MS. 249, Afc. 3,20). F. 23.) 
(See over for the three other sons.) 



Continuation of issue of John de Wodcrington 

John lord of Widdringrton also gave 
to David Lascelles, -with Joan lib 
kinswoman, all the land which he 
and his brother DUNCAN had pur- 
chased in Ellington, and a meadow 
In Driridge, William Heron, who 
died in 1251, being one of the wit- 
nesses to the deed. (Supra, p. 212, 
No. 19.) This David Lascelles was 
living in 1307. (Wid. Misc. No. 3.) 

TON, knight, had by the gift of his 
father, sir John de Widdrington, 10 
bovates of land in Tranwell, about 
the year 1268, which land he had 
by inheritance after the death of 
Roger de Merlay the Third, accord- 
ing to a deed made by the sairl sir 
Gerard. (Wid. Misc. No. 17.) Prior 
to the year 1274, Gerard de Wid- 
drington had acquired a rent of five 
marks a year from Roger de Merlay 
out of Tranwell ; and between the 
years 1267 & 1271, sir Gerard de W. 
knt., and Roger de W., and John 
his brother, were witnesses to the 
foundation charter of the chapels of 
Plessy & Shotton (///. i. 116; ///. 
H. 72,73; andH. 64.) 

and John his brother, witnesses to 
the foundation charter of the chapels 
of Plessy & Shotton about the year 
1268 ; and Roger de Widdrington 
distrained to take the order of knight- 
hood in 1278 (Palg. Par. Writs, i. 
p. 215.) 

tioned with bis brother John in 
deed in 1251. 

Continuation of ktue of John de Swinburne and Anicia 

had a grant of Knaresdale from Edward the Second, in the 19th year of whose 
reign he died possessed of manors and lands in the counties of Gloucester, 
Westmorland, and Cumberland, besides the manor of Knarsdale, 4 bondages 
in Wark, in Tindale ; 4 in " The Bernis," in Redesdale ; a pasture in Swan- 
hope, the manor of " Shirdene," 4 bondages in Snabothalgh, and the manor 
of Gunnerton, in this county. (Cal. Inq. p. m. vol. '. p. 327; 

2. SIR ADAM DE SWINBURNE, Ar/ii^,=j=lDONEA, sister of Hen. de Graham, 

son of sir Henry de Graham, and 
her husband Adam, son of sir John 
de Swinburne, had in free marriage, 
by the grant of her said brother 
Henry, a capital messuage, the de- 
mesne lands, and manor of Simon- 
burne, the title to which they had 
confirmed upon them by assize of 
novel disseisin before the king's jus* 
tices itinerant at Wark, in Tindale, 
in October, 19 Edward I. 1291 
(Wid. Misc. \Q, 11, 12.) 

son of sir John Swinburne, knight, was 
witness to a deed of William of Gun- 
warten, in 1309. (III. ii. 360.; In 
Aug. 1300, he occurs as receiving at 
Drumbogh, in Scotland, =3 Gs. 8d. for 
his summer's wages, 4 marks for his 
summer robe, & 12 for his own wages 
and those of 3 esquires, for 48 days. 
( Wardrobe Acct. for 1300, p. 193/203, 
&ic.) Sir Adam de Swinburne had free 
warren in Simonburne in 1306 (JII. ii. 
394); and sir Adam de Swinburne, 
knight, occurs in 1315 & 1317 as sheriff 

of Northumberland, in which last year he was imprisoned by order of Edw 
the Second, for giving his opinion too freely respecting the state of the 
borders in Northumberland (See II. i. 179, 180 ,- ///. ti. 356 ; Rot. Scot. 
150, 151.; There is an inquest ad quod damnum, of the date 1323or 1324, 
respecting some property of his in Colwell fill. ii. 399. ) The inquest 
after his death respecting his Northumberland property was taken at New- 
castle, in Jan. 1327, and enumerates that of which he died possessed in that 
county, as consisting of the manors of Simonburne and Swinburne, besides 
lands in Nunwick, Colwell, Espley-wood, Lusburne, Huntland, Bradley 
Staincrofl, Thirlwall, Shotlington, Newton near Bywell, Moriley, anc 
Shotley ; besides which he had the manors of Bewcastle and Laverton, in 
Cumberland. (Wid. Mite. No. 15.J 

3. NICHOLAS DE SWINBURNE, son of John de West Swinburne, and called in some documents lord of West 
Swinburne, in 1278, founded a chantry to the Blessed Virgin in the chapel there, and gave to the chaplain 
officiating at it 17 acres of land which his brother Robert formerly held in the same place ; he and his brother 

William both ratifying the charter with their seals (II. i. 213, Evid. No. \ ; and 214, Evid. 2, e.) He was 

one of the manucaptors for his brother William, about the same time, taking the order of knighthood (Palg, 
Par. Writs, i. 216; ; and in that or the following year, occurs with other knights as witness to a deed. (Cart. 
Dun. 99. ) He left three daughters, namely : I.JULIA, married firstly, to GILBERT DE MIDDLETON, who 
was of the family of the Middletons of Belsay, and died in ]291 ; and secondly, to AYMER DE ROTHERFORD. 
II. ANICE, who was not married in 1279, but afterwards became the wife of JOHN SWAINE. III. CHRISTIAN, 
married to THOMAS DE FISHBURNE, who, in right of his wife, became lord of West Swinburne, and had free 
warren granted in it and East Swinburne, and Colwell, in 1302. (HI. ii. 393.; This Thomas de Fishburne 
tiad a son Thomas, who sold the lordship and the ville of Capheaton, with all his lands and services there, as 
well as a turbary in Great Bavington, to sir John de Vallibus, whose successor Adam de Vaux, of Beaufront, 
enjoyed them in 1246 ( Wid. Misc. No. 14 , and III. ii. 8; ; and Cuthbert, the descendant of these Fishburnes, 
in 1369, released Great Swinburne to the Widdrington family. 

^ 4. ALAN DE SWINBURNE, rector of Whitfield in 1274, purchased the lordship of Capheaton of sir Thomas de 
Fenwick, knight ; and, in 1281, conferred it upon his brother William, in consideration of a life interest to him- 
self out of the manor of Chollerton. He occurs as living in 1298. (II. i. 231.; 

5. SIR WILLIAM DE SWINBURNE, knt., brother of Alan de Swinburne, rector of Whitfield, and of Nicholas, 
mesne lord of Swinburne, became possessed of the manor of Chollerton by a grant of Gilbert Umfreville, earl 
)f Angus, in 1269; and of Capheaton, by a convention with his brother Alan, in 1284 (Id.) : both which estates 
lave ever since uninterruptedly continued in his lineal male descendants, the SWINBURNES, OF CAP- 
HEATON, whom the authoi has the honour of inscribing among the first and most liberal patrons and pro- 
moters of this work.A 


Issue of John, son of John 
de Widdrington. 

let his manor of Lintou (Wid. Misc. No. 9) ; 
and, in 1307, gave to sir Henry de Thornton, 
chaplain, all the lands and buildings which 
sir Roger de Hertwayton, chaplain, formerly 
had by the gift of sir John de Widdrington 
his lather, besides two marks annually out of 
the mill of Lintou, on condition of the said 
Henry performing divine service at the altar 
of St Edmund, in the church of Widdrington. 
(Id. No. 3, a.) He and his wife Christian 

Issue of sir Adam de Swinburne, knt. 
and Idonea Graham. 

n i 

suage in the ville of Newbigging. (Id. No. 3, 
6.) A statement in one of the Harleian MSS. 
makes John de Widdrington, who married 
Christian Sywinburne, the son of Gerard de 
Wodringtoii, who lived in the time of Edw. 
the First. (See this statement in Wid. Misc. No. 
16.) He died before 1327, when a portion of 

his wife's 

estates was allotted to his son 

daughter and co-heir, to whose son 
Gerard, in the division of her fami- 

daughter and co-heir, was 34 
years old in 1327, when she had 

ly property, in the first year of awarded to her as her purparty, 
Edward the Third, the manors of of the possessions of which her 
Laverton and Haughton, and pos- 
sessions in Colwell, Stonecroft, and 
Newcastle, then valued at =59 10s. 
9d. a year, were awarded. (III. 
ii. 302.) 

father died seized, the manors of 
Bewcastle & Swinburne, besides 
lands in Thirlwall, Lusburn, 
Huntland, Bradley, Newton near 
Bywell, Moriley, and " Short- 
ley," also one-third of a mes- 

suage in Newcastle, valued altogether at 48 l?s. 4d. a year. fill. 
ii. 302.) She was married to sir John de Strivelyn, from whom her 
property descended to the Middletons of Belsay . 
3. ELIZABETH SWINBURNE, third daur. and co-heir, married to Roger 
Heron, of Ford Castle, whose son William, for his portion of the 
- Swinburne property, in 1327, had allotted to him the manors of 
Simonburn and Espleywood, lands in Nunwick and Shotlington, and one-third of a messuage in Newcastle, 
altogether valued at 30 3s. 4d. a year (III. it. 302.) 

ADAM DE SWINBURNE, I suppose to have been the son of Adam abovenamed^MARGARET, in whose right it 

and the Adam de S. who died in 12 Edward II. 1318, and according to the 
inquest taken after whose death was found to have been possessed of the 
manors of East Swinburne, Haughton, Humshaugh, Espleywood, Lusburne, 
and Simonburne, with the advowson of the church of the last place, and 
one-fourth part of the ville of Colwell, besides the manors of Bewcastle and 
Laverton, in Cumberland, of which places Adam de Swinburne, his father, to 
whom they had probably then reverted by settlement, died seized in 1324. 
(Wid. Misc. No. 15.) 

is stated in the inquest after 
her husband's death, respecting 
his Cumberland property, that 
he died seized of the manor of 
Laverton, in that county. 


TON, knight, son & heir, inherited daur. of Richard de 

his mother Christian's purparty of Acton, of Newcastle 

his grandfather sir Adam de Swiii- on Tyne, by Maud, 

bunie's estates, and was 24 years daur. of Richard de 

old in 1327, when the division of Emeldon,and sister 

them was made, between him and of Jane, wife of sir 

his aunt Barbara, and his cousin John de Strivelyn, 

Heron. In 1335, he was a com- which Ric. de Ac- 

missioner for arraying the men at ton was one of the 

arms, horse, and archers, in North- bailiffs of Newcastle 

umberlarul (Rot. Scot. i. 389) , and, in 1307, 1315, 1316, 

in May, 1338, be and his brother 1317, and 1321, 

Roger, and his neighbours, William and mayor of that 

of Gunwarton and Adam of Swin- town in 1333. This 

bnrne, had protections to go in the marriage probably 

suite of William de Bohun, earl of took place in 1335, 

Northampton, into foreign parts. 
(Rymers Fold. v. 47.) In 1343, he 
was a commissioner for punishing 
violators of the treaties between 
England and Scotland ; and, 1344, 
again appointed one of the arrayers 
of the militia & train-bands of the 
county. At the battle of Neville's 
Cross, in 1346, Gilbert of Carrik & 
Nicholas Ciiokdolian fell into his 
hand as prisoners, upon which he 
had a roy<il mandate to have them , 
in safe custody till he lodged them 
in the Tower, in London ; but, 
permitting them to escape, the she- 
riff of the county had orders to ar- 
rest him, and seize the whole of his 
property into the king's hands. In 
this dilemma, the earl of North- 
ampton, under whose banner he 
had gone into foreign nations, in- 
terfered iu his behalf, and a super- 
sedeas, tested by the king, at West- 
minster, Oct. 18, 1347, was issued 
to stay the execution of the writ 
issued against his person and pro- 
perty. (Rot. Scot. i. 644,649,678; 
(See over) 


in which year sir 
Ger. de Widdring- 
ton, knight, settled 
upon his bro. Roger 
and Elizabeth, dau. 
of R. de Acton, and 
the heirs of their 
bodies, the manor 
of Colwell, with 5 
messuages and 35 
acres of land in 
Gunnerton. (Wid. 
Miscel. No. 18, 6.) 
This Elizabeth and 
her husb. also had 
a grant from her 
parents, in 1340, of 
lands in Newton, 

like his brother Gerard, in 
1337, was a soldier under 
William de Bohun, who 
was a near relation of the 
king, and in that year 

BURNE, son and 
heir, the inquest 
afterwhose father's 
death was taken at 

of Roger de Wid- 
drington, in 1379, 
held in dower the 
manor of Plessy, 
the ville of Shot- 
created earl of Northamp- ton, and a place . 
ton. He was also at the called Gerardley Newcastle, in 131 8, 
battle of Neville's Cross, (Chart. Rid. folio and found him at 
where he took one Make- 136) ; besides the f v of f ; f i. 91 
peth prisoner. (Rymeriv. castle and manor lnal um 
1811; Rot. Scot. i. 678.) of Haughton, the or 22 years of age. 
By his alliance with the ville of Hums- JJe probably died 
daur. of a wealthy New- haugh,&a"place aftpr hU fa 

castle merchant, he be- ofland'MnThorn- s aiuer nis la- 
came enabled to add con- ton, in Tindale, ther, & before ms 
siderably to the estate of called Staincroft. grandfather Adam 

\,t*. ......'..,.... i ,,.. QQ .__ f T ...,.J Tl/tC *3OdI O 

de Swinburne. 

his ancestors. Dec. 28, (Lansd. MS. 326, 
1343, Gilbert of Colwell fol. ; Dodsw. 

gave a power of attorney MSS.) 
to Roger de Widdrington, 

of Denton, to put Roger de Widdrington, brother of sir Gerard de 
Widdrington, knight, in possession of all his lands and tenements 
in the ville of Colwell. In 1346, Richard de Plessy, and Margaret 
his wife, granted him a yearly rent charge of 10 marks out of Shot- 
ton and Plessy. Under the description of Roger, son of sir John 
de Widdrington, knight, in 1349, he had a grant of the manor of 
Plessy, with the villes of Shotton, Blagdon, and AVeteslade, from 
John de Plessy. In 1350, under the style of Roger, brother of sir 
Gerard de Widdrington, he obtained from Robert de Massam and 
John de Horton, all their right in Plessy ; from William baron of 
of Greystock, lands in Blagdon ; and from the crown, lands in West 
Hedwin, Apperley, and Elmedley, which had belonged to Robert of 
West Hedwin, an adherent of Gilbert de Middletoii. (///. a. 375.) 

"In the same year he gave all 

in Edlingham. (Id. 19.) In 1345, William, son of Wm 
de Acton, also granted to Roger, brother of Gerard de 
W. 20 a year out of Qwhynitkliefe and Togsdon, and 
d20 more out of Wissard Sheles, in Redesdale ; and the 
said Roger granted, that if a fine levied by the said Wm 
the son and Mary his wife, in 19 Edw. III. to the said 
Roger, of West Swinburne, & its appurtenances in East 
Swinburne, should remain in force for the five ensuing 
years, then the said rents should cease, &c. (Id. 20, a.) 

3 o 

his goods and chattels in the 
manor of Plessy to Gilbert de 
Babington and Wm de Camera 
(Cart. Rid. apud Blagdon ; see 
Plessy, #c.) ; and was arraigned 
at Westminster before the king's 
justices, on an assize of novel 
desseisin against Elizabeth, wife 
of Thos. de Middleton, respect- 
(See over) 



Issue of Roger de Widdi'ington 
and Elizabeth Acton. 

Continuation of sir Gerard de Widdrington, knight. 

Pymer, #. 595.) In 1348, he was one of the queen's justices 
itinerant at the court at Wark. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 44, 6.) 
These are the notices we find of him as a public character. 
In private life, he occurs as obtaining a licence from Edw. 
III. in 1341, to kernellate or fortify his manor house at 
Widdriiigton, and to grant a rent of seven marks and 40s. a 
year out of lands in East Chevington, Widdriiigton, and Dri- 
ridge, for the maintenance of a chaplain performing divine 
service in the chapel of Widdrington. ( Wid. Misc. No. it -, % 
III. n. 371.) He and his brother Roger often occur together 
as witnesses to deeds, and for the last time in 1361. (Wid. 
Misc. No. 21, a.) He died without issue. 

Continuation of Roger de Widdrington. 

ing common of turbary in East Swinburne. (Lansd. MS. 826, 
fvl. 149.) In 1361, he filled the office of sheriff of North- 
umberland ; in 1367, was party to an indenture of truce be- 
tween England and Scotland ; and, in 1369, acquired from 
Cuthbert de Fishburn, a release of all right which he had to 
the lands in West Swinburne which had belonged to John de 
Fishburn, Cuthbert's father, and had descended to him from 
his ancestor Thomas de FLshburne, husband of Christian, one 
of the daughters and co-heirs of Nicholas de Swinburne, lord 
of that place. (Id. 156.) In 1369 and 1371, he filled the im- 
portant situation of a warden of the marches between England 
and Scotland. (Rot. Scot. i. 914, 935, 949.) The return of the 
inquest after his death is lost ; but the abstract of it in the 
Calendar of Escheats, shows that it was dated in 1372, and that he died seized of manors or lands in Haughton, Humshaugh, 
Staincroft, Widdrington, Driridge, Linton, Plessy, Shotton, West Swinburn, Colwell, East Chevington, East Swinburn, 
Chevington, and Cresswell (///. '. 86) ; and the Harleiaii MS. 294, referring to the Esch. a. 51 Edward III., says, his son 
John was six years old when the inquest was taken. 

n i 1 


sir William de Acton, married to John, son of 
knight, to whom and Adam de Vaux, of Beau- 
to her husband Roger front, and Alice his wife, 
de Widdrington, her in the vear 1356, when 
husband's father, in the lands and tenements 
1367, gave the manors settled upon them and 
of Denton & Lanton, their heirs in tale male, 
in Gillsland, and the in Newcastle, Benton, 
manor of Bingfleld, in Heaton near Newcastle, 
this county. (Hid. Bradford, Coupen, Wete- 
Misc. No. 22.) slade, Shotton, & Ayden, 

with divers remainders. 

(Wid. Misc. 27, 28, a.) This Barnaba and her 
husband John de Vaux, had also lands in Tud- 
hoe and Gateshead, in the county of Durham, 
entailed upon them, & the heirs of their bodies ; 
with remainders noticed in the abstract of the 
deed in the Widdrington Miscellanea, No. 28, b. 

co-heir of her mother Eliz., daur. son of Elizabeth, daur. and heir of 
and co-heir of Richard de Acton, Maud de Hilton, in 42 Edw. III., 
became the second wife of sir Ber- 1368, was found to be 22 years old, 
tram Monboucher, knight, lord of and the next heir of the said Maud 
Beamish, in coun. Durham (Surtees, his grandmother, who was a daur. 
it. 225), to whom Gerard de Wid- and co-heir of Richard de Emeldon, 
drington and Roger his brother, 4 and married, firstly, to Richard de 
Feb., 32 Edw. III., became bound Acton ; and, secondly, to sir Alex, de 
for the sum of 300. (Lansd. MS. Hilton, lord of Hilton, in the county 
326, fol. 155.)A of Durham. (Wid. Misc. No. 23; 

ELEANOR DE WIDDRINGTON, wife Surtees, it. 26.) He Ijad Plessy, Shot- 

of Daske. ton, and Gerardley, entailed upon 

him and his heirs male ; with rem. 

to Thomas, son of Wm de Hasilrigg, he taking the surname and arms of 
Widdrington ; rem. to Roger, son of Walter Heron, and his heirs male, he 
also taking the name and arms of Widdrington ; rem. to dames Christian 
Monboucher and Eleanor Daske, daughters of the said Roger ; rem. to the 
right heirs of Roger de W. himself. The deed for this transaction is by 
indenture, and is dated on the eve of St John, 1389, and is accompanied ' 
by a power of attorney, of the same date, from Wm de Hasilrigg, to Thomas Doukter, chaplain, and Robert Vaus, to put 
this John de Widdrington in possession of Plessy, Shotton, and Gerardley. (Wid. Misc. 24, 25, 26.) Prior to which time, 
namely, Oct. 20, 1386, William Hasilrigg, had a licence from Edw. duke of York, earl of Cambridge, and lord of the manor 
of AVerk, in Tindale, to enfeoff John, son and heir of Roger de Widdrington, in Haughton, Humshaugh, and Stonecroft, 
with similar remainders, as in the entail of Plessy, Shotton, and Gerardley. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 147 ; <$ Hart. MS. 1448, 
fol. 22, 6.) Concerning this John de Widdrington, the monks of Newminster entered a Charge in their chartulary for 
claiming a greater part of Yarhaugh, in the manor of Plessy, than Roger de Merlay had granted to his father Roger de Wid- 
drington, and for felling upon it on Wednesday, the 16th of April, 1399, 100 oak and 100 ash trees, and a great quantity of 
underwood, to the great prejudice and injury of the inheritance of Ralph, baron of Greystock, the superior lord of the said 
manor. (Harl. MS. 294, fol. 114.) He occurs on the Clause Roll of 1 Hen. IV. 1400, under the description of John, son 
and heir of Roger de Widdrington, as holding Newbigging. (Dodsw. vol. 82, fol. 2.) In 1403, he was one of those commis- 
sioned to adminster an oath to certain gentlemen in the north of England, that they would be true to the king, and not 
assist the earl of Northumberland, by council, aid, or advice ; and, in 1410, was a commissioner for arraying the militia of 
the county (Rym. viii. 369.) He died at the advanced age of about 100 years, in 22 Heri. VI. 1443, possessed of the manor 
of Woodhorn, a flshei-y on the Wansbeck, the ville of Newbigging-by-the-Sea, the ville and manor of Widdrington, the 
hamlet of Driridge, the manor and ville of West Swinburne, the manor and ville of Colwell, besides possessions in Little 
Swinburne, East Chevington, Cresswell, Ellington, Denton near Newcastle, Gerardley, Horsley, Capbeaton, Newton near 
Ellington, Gunnerton, Thornton in Tindale, Old-moor, Linton near Ellington, Jesmouth, Hartford, Cowpon, Shotton, 
North Horsley, Bromley, Little Whittington, Ayden near Corbridge, the manor of Plessy, and the villes of Shotton and 
Blagdon. (III. it. 274.) 


~t r~r 

-1. ROGER DE WIDDRINCTON^ELIZABETH, daur. of 2. GERARD DE WIDDRINGTON occurs, 3. AGNES, daur. of John de 

sir Thos. Grey, knt., April 2, 1419, as bound to sir Wm de Wodrington, was the wife 
and widow of Roger Swinburne in the sum of 40, to suf- of Henry de Lilburn, bro. 
Widdrington, esq., & fer him and his heirs to have peaceable of Thomas de Lilburn ; and 
formerly wife of sir possession of the castle and demesne by an agreement between 
WmWliitchester,kt. lands of Hwughton, for the term of six her and the said Thomas, 
in 32 Hen. VI. 1454, years, according to a lease which sir dated 12 Hen. IV. had set- 
died seized of 23 hus- John de Widdrington, knt., the father tlement of dower in Lil- 
bandlands & 32 cot- of the said Gerard, had granted for that burn and other places. 
tages in Wooclhorne, period to the said Wm de Swinburne. (Dodstv. vol. 4,b,fol. 119 
8 messuages and 8 (Wid. Misc. No. 29.) On April 12, 125 ; X 83.) 
husbandlandsinWid- 30 Hen. VI. 1452, Margery de Mltford, 4. ELIZABETH, wife of sir 
drington, the ville of Linton, a rent of 8 marks a year widow of William de Mitford, gave a William de Swinburne, of 
out of the manor of Denton, besides the manors of power of attorney to R. Worthy, to Capheaton, knight. (///. 
Plessy, the ville of Shotton, and the manors of North give seisin to her dear friend, Gerard i. 215, 232.) 
Dissington and Callerton. (///. a. 275 ; and Cal. Inq. de Widdrington, in the whole ville of 

p. m. vol. 4.) " Bucliffe," and in half the hamlet of " Portyet," in the liberty of 

Hexham (Supra, p. 51, No. 14), which places, in 1387, had been en- 
tailed by John de Vaux, of Beaufront, upon his son Thomas and Margery his wife, daur. of Robert de Lisle, and their heirs ; 
with rem. to Eli/, wife of John Errington, & daur. of the said John de Vaux. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 161.) He died s. p. 1477, 

esq., son and heir, on the death of 
his father, in 1443, was 40 years 
of age. He was high-sheriff for 
Northumberland in 1431, 1435, 
1442, and 1449, and died 29 Hen. 
VI. 1451, possessed of nearly the 
same property as that enumerated 
in the inquest after his father's 
death. (See III. ii. 274, 275, and 
Cal. Ing. p. m. vol. 4.) 


Issue of Roger de Widdrington, esq. 
and Elizabeth Grey. 

I I 


under the description of Gerard Wid- of Christ. Boyu- DRiNGTON.b.1427 
drington, esq., son and heir of Roger ton, of Sedberg, 
Widdrington, had with his wife, Sep. 2, second son of sir Thomas Boynton, 
1464, a grant to them, and the heirs of of Barmston, in Yorkshire, 
their body, of the castle, demesne lands, 

and manor of Haughton, together with the estates of Humshaugh, Stonecroft, 
Littlecrows, Greenleys, and " Weeles." (Wid. Misc. No. 3t.) By deed, dated 
in 1455, he gave to Wm Lawson and John Thirlkeld, chaplains, and Robert 
Lawe, the whole site of the manor of Plessy, with the land adjoining it, as 
well as his property in the field of the prior and convent of Brinkburne, called 
the Brigfield, granted to his father Roger de Widdrington for the term of 20 
years, saving to himself the mines of sea coal in the said field. (Id. 30, 6.) 
On October 20, 1490, sir Gerard Widdrington, knt. gave to Robert Chesman, 
rector of the church of Angerham, and John Wright, chaplain, the castle, 
manor, and ville of Great Swinburne ; and, on the 22nd of the same month, 
granted a power of attorney to Robert Robson, to give Chesman and Wright 
livery of the premises. (Id. 31, a.} 

other children, namely, Gerard, John, David, Jane, Lucy, Elizabeth, and Mice, 

. . 

SIR JOHN DE WID- of John Fenwick. 
DRINGTON, kt. was high- ISABELL. 
sheriff of Northumber- 
land in 1472, 1473, and 1474. He married 
ISABELLA, daur. of Robert lord Ogle, and 
widow of sir John Heron, knight, and by 
her had issue Robert de Widdrington, men- 
tioned in the will of his grandmother Isa- 
bella de Ogle (77. i. 391, 11 *.) This 

Robert, in a deed dated 8 May, 5 Hen. VII. 
1490, describes himself as " of Great Swin- 
burne, esq." son and heir of sir John Wid- 
drington, knight, and by it quitted all claim 
to lands in Capheaton, which the said sir 
John de Widdringtou had by the gift of 
Roger Thornton & sir Ralph Widdrington. 
(Wid. Misc. No. 31, .) Besides this Ro- 
bert, sir John and his wife Isabella had 7 
all noticed in Flower's pedigree of this family. 

XII. 1. FELICIA, fourth and youngest^SiR RALPH WiDDRiNGTON,=2. MABELL, daur. of JOHN WIDDRINGTON, from whom 

daur. and co-heiress of sir Robert Clax- 
ton, of Horden, Claxton, and Dilston, 
was 24 years old in 1 484. In her right 
her husband and his descendants became 
possessed of Hessewell and Pespoole, in 
the county of Durham. (Surf, i. 28.) 

of Widdrington, knt. mar- Sandford. She the Widdringtons of CHEESE- 

ried to his first wife before had issue one son BURN GRANGE descended. 

1480, when they had pri- Thomas, & one daur. (See Harleian MS. 5,808, fol. 1.) 

vileges granted to them in Margaret, both of 

the Friary on the Wall- whom died s. p. 

knoll, in Newcastle. 

(Wid. Misc. No 32.) This sir Ralph W. for his valour in the campaign, 'under 
Richard duke of Gloucester, against Scotland, in 1482, was knighted on the plain of Sefford, by the earl of Northumberland, 
who had been empowered to confer that honour. (Collins Peerage, H. 377.) On Sept. 7, 1484, he had occasion for a pardon 
from Richard the Third ; and, on Sept. 7, 1486, for a similar security for the royal clemency from Henry the Seventh. 
(Wid. Misc. No. 33.) At Whitsuntide, in the last mentioned year, he conveyed to William Thornton, his chaplain, for his 
good services, all his lands in Ellington. (Supra, 212, No. 24.) In 1491, he entered into a convention with the abbot and 
convent of Newminster respecting the chapels of Plessy and Shotton (see under Plessy} ; and in Jan. 1492, he gave to George 
Percy, John Heron, of Ford, and others, the castle and manor of Great Swinburne and Driridge, according to the tenor of 
an indenture between himself on the one part, and sir Wm Evers, knight, and the lady Constance his wife, and widow of 
sir Henry Percy, knight, on the other. (Wid. Misc. No. 84.) 


Henry Percy, knight, knight, second husband, Chibbuin, in this chapel- 
eldest son of sir Ralph by whom she had a son ry, married MAUD, daur. 
Percy, who was brother Robert Ellecar, and other of ... STKOTHEK, and had 
of Henry the Third, and children. 

son of Henry, the 2nd 
earl of Northumberland. 

daur. of 
whom were dead 

probably married about the time the indenture 
was made, in January, 1492, between his father, 
and his wife's father-in-law and mother, as re- 
lated above. The inquest after his death is dated 
at Hexham, 22nd Oct. 10 Hen. VIII. 1519, and 
sets forth that he died Aug. 26, 1518, possessed 
of Widdrington, Woodhorn, Newbigglng, Sea- 
ton, Cresswell, & possessions in Hexhamshire ; 
but the abstract of it in Cole's Escheats is very 
imperfect. This defect, however, is in a great 
measure supplied by the following note attached 
to the Widdrington pedigree, communicated to 
me by Mr Blackett, of Wylam : This sir Hen. 
was great grandson of Roger Wodrington, who, 
in 1451, died seized in ffee tail to him ami the 
Issue of his body, of the castle, town, and manor 
of Woodringtoii, in the parish of Woodhor.i, 
stated to have passed to this sir Henry by right of inheritance, who, by deed, dated 1513, settled various estates in ffee tail to 
sir John, his son and heir, and issue of liis body, with provisions for his son Ralph, and five daughters, and died 26 August, 
1517, seized of the castle, town, and manor of Wodrington, of lands in Woodhorn, Newbiggen, Woodhorn- Ceton, Cresswell, 
Hurst, Ellington, Linton, Est Chevington, Scotton, North Dissirigtoii, Black Callertou, Cowpon, Plessy, Horsley, Garrard- 
ley, Denton, Horton, Houndshaugh, Bulle, Sing-field, Whittington, Collwell, Thobington, Stone Croft, Little-deans, Stam- 
fleld, Hentishaw, Gonnerton, Great Heaton, Dehton in Gillislarid, Beaufront, Caburn, Fallowfleld, Wells, East Swinburne, 
Someryards, Multon, and Borrowdeu. 

issue two sons, viz. : 
of Chibburn and Hawks- 
ley, who married, Istly, 

" Meyshall of Keynton," by whom she had issue, all of 
ad in 1575 : his second wife was MARY, daur. of Win Ogle, 
of Cawsey Park, to enable him to marry whom he had, in 1536, a grant 
from his nephew sir John Witherington, knight, of three husbandiands in 
Shotton. (Wid. Misc. No. 35.) By this Mary he had issue five children, 
namely : 1. Roger, aged 26 in 1575; 2. Robert ; 3 Elizabeth, wife of Manna- 
duke Fenwick ; 4. Barbara ; and 5. Maud ; and was himself living in 1575, 
when he is mentioned in the will of William Fenwick, of Horsloy. (Raines 
Test. 337.) II. ROGER WIDDRINGTON, who had a son William.. 

XIV. 1. AGNES, dau. 5 ^!. SIR JOHN WiDDRiNGTON,T2. AGNES, daur. of 2. RALPH WIDDRINGTON, 1. I)OROTHY, wife of 

of Jas. Metcalf, of Nap- 
pa, in Wensleydale, 

knight, was 15 years old in 
1518. (Coles Escheats, 756, 
p. 46.) By the style of John 
W. of W. esq. in 1532, he 

released all his claim in Yardhill (Earle) to Gilbert 
Scot, of Yardhill, son of Thomas Scot. (Wid. Misc. 
No. 36, a.) Henry earl of Northumberland, by deed, 
dated at Topcliffe, 4 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII. 1535, grant- 
ed him an annuity of 20. ( Lansd. MS. 326,/<>i. 654, 
6.) He was one of the council of the inarches who 
addressed a bold letter, 14 Feb. 1536, to the king, re- 
specting " certaine amyties" assigned by his majesty's 
most gracious letters patent to Cuthbert Charleton 

(See overJVf 

sir Edward Gower, who was progenitor of Robert lord Ogle of Bo- 

of Stitenham, in different branches of Wid- thai. , 

Yorkshire, knight, dringtons, intended to be 2. CONSTANCE, wife of 

She had a marriage noticed under BLACK- Valentine Fenwick, of 

portion of 300 inks. HEDDON, &c. 
as appeal's by the 
indenture of agree- 


3. MARY, wife of John. 

Mitford, of Seghill. 

ment for her marriage, between sir John Wid- 4. MARGARET, wife of 

drington and her father Edward Gower, dated Roger Fenwick, of 

29 June, 34 Henry VIII. 1542, and still pre- Bitchfield. 

served among the Plessy papers at Blagdon. 5. ANNE died unmarried. 

(Cart. Rid. 142, &c.) Her husband, for the use (i. JANE, wife of John 

of himself and of this Agnes his wife, 26 July, Fenwick. 

(See over) 




Issue of sir John Widdrington, km. 
and Agnes Metcalf. 

Issue of sir John Widdrington, knt. 
and Agnes Oower. 

Continuation qf sir John Widdrington, knt. 

and Edward Charleton, of Tindall. (Cot. MS. B. i. fol. 183.) 
He was also, In king 1 Henry the Eighth's reign, deputy war- 
den of the middle marches, at one time with an annuity of 
133 6s. 8d., and 26 13s. Id., as leader of Redesdale ; and, 

at other times, with a yearly pension of 200 (Id. Col. B. 

iX.f. 203.) Sir Anthony Brown described him in the cha- 
racter of deputy warden as worth 200 a year In land, able 
to serve the king with 100 horse soldiers, as keeping a good 
house, and a loyal and good man, but readily offended, and 
self-willed. (II. i. 67.) On the 26th Jan. 1537, he was, by 
letters patent, appointed to the high office of warden of the 
middle marches. He was one of the knights in parliament 
for this county In 1552, in which year Mr Brandling, one of 
the burgesses for Newcastle, complained in the house of com- 
mons against this sir John, Henry Widdringtoii, " Rauff Ellarker," and others, for an affray upon himself: upon which, 
Henry Widdrington, who " confessed that he begun the fray," was committed to the Tower, and Ellarker to the ward of 
the Serjeant of the house ; but the liitter becoming bound to keep the peace, was at the request of Mr Brandling, released out 
of his ward : but it does not appear from the journals of the house that sir John received any judicial sentence for the pnrt 
he was charged with taking in this affair. (Jour. H. C. i. 19,21,22.) In 1559, he was high-sheriff of Northumberland ; 
and, In 1568, his estate, in the Lawsoii Manuscript, is described as consisting of " The castle, manor, and ville of Widdring- 
ton, Drlrldge, Chibburne, Garretley, Colwell, AVeteslade, Great Swinburne, Shotton, Plessis, and Haughton, with a moiety 
of the vllle and manor of Humshaugh, and certain lands in West Chevington, Bingfield, " Stonehall," East Chevington, 
Little Swinburne, and Blagdon ; and also of the villes of Woodhorn and Newbigging, and certain lands at Seaton-by-the- 
Sea. t By Alice, his maid-servant, he had issue Hector Widdrington and Alexander Widdrington ; which Hector was one of 
the constables of horsemen in Berwick, and died in 1593 ; his will being dated 28 April, and the inventory of his goods 
at Chibbiirn, which is very curious, May 15, in that year. (Sire Wid. Misc. No. 36, c.) 

Continuation of Agnes Grey. 

2 Edw. VI. 1648, gave his manors of Widdrington, Newbig- 
ging, Plessis with Brigfleld, Shotton, and Denton, in trust, to 
her brother Thomas Gower, esq. son and heir apparent of sir 
Edward Gower, knt. ; Robert Constable, esq. son and heir ap- 
parent of sir Marmaduke Constable, of Nuneaton, knt. ; Rich. 
Gower, Walter Gower, and Valentine Fenwick. (Supra, p. 
210, No. 4.) In her will, which is dated 24 March, 1583, she 
styled herself dame Agnes lady Widdrington, widow of sir 
John Widdrington, of Widdrington ; and mentions her sons 
Benwell and Ephraim, her daur. Barbara, her son William, 
and William's daur. Elizabeth ; my son Isaac, my daur. Jane 
Carnaby, my daur. Sarah ; and leaves to John, son of her son 
Robert, her spits at Plessy & Chihburn. ( Rome's Test, p. 263.) 

I I I 1 I I I I I I 

XV. BARBARA, daur. of=l. SIR HENRY AVIDDRING-=ELIZABETH, daur. of 3. ROBERT WIDDRINGTON purchased Monkwear- 

EcHv. Gower, of Stiten- TON, knight, was sheriff of sir Hugh Trevani- mouth in 1597 or 1598. By his will, which is 

ham, and sister of his Northumberland in 1579. an, of Corriheigh, in dated 29 Aug. 1598, he left his body to be buried 

lather's wife, according His will is dated 15 Feb. Cornwall (see Coll. in Monkwearmouth church, where he had re- 

to Flower's Visitation of 1592, at which time he Peer. vj. 280), who, sided: to his wife Eliz. his house there, for life; 

Northumberland in 1575. was marshal and govern- to her 2nd husband, and mentions his son John, his broth. Ephraim ; 

Ob. s. p. nor of Berwick. He di- married SIR ROBERT his daur. Dent, and her two sons Hen. and Geo. 

rected his body to be bur. CARET, afterwards Dent ; Robert Wld. his brother Isaac's son ; and 

among bis ancestors, in the chapel of Widdrington ; earl of Monmouth, made his right worshipful neph. Mr Henry AV., 
and left to his nephew Henry W. 100 marks, to be by whom she had is- and Mr Robt. W. of Hawksley, gent., his execu- 
paid by his loving wife the lady Eliz. W., as long as sue two sons & one tors, and to take charge of his son John for 3 or 
she was possessed of, and lady of Widdrington ; to daur., viz. : I. HEN- 4 years. (Raine's Test. 412.) He was twice mar- 
his brother's son Roger W. 20 a year; to his bro- RY, made knight of ried ; Istly, to MARGARET OGLE, daur. of Robt. 
ther's son Ralph W. 20 nobles a year out of Haugh- the Bath in 1616, & the sixth lord Ogle, and sister of Cuthbert the 
ton and Humshaugh ; to Ralph Kellinghall, his ser- succeeded to his fa- seventh lord Ogle, by which Margaret he had 
vant, 20 marks sterling; the three pieces of great ther's honours; II. issue: 1. Catharine, wife of John Ogle, of Caw- 
ordnance, in his house in Berwick, to be carried to THOMAS ; and, III. sey Park, esq. who died May 23, 1609./K 2. John 
Widdrington, and there remain : his wife Elizabeth PHILADELPHIA, mar- Widdrington, who married the daur. and heir of 

sole ex'ix. (Raine's Test. 337.) The inquest after his ried to Thomas, 2nd Whitehead, of Wearmouth, from whom 

death is dated Oct. 21, 1592, and found him possessed surviving son & heir descended the Widdringtons of Plessy & Monk- 

of the manors of Swinburne, Haughton, and Hums- of Philip lord Whar- wearmouth, whose pedigree is given by Surtees, 

haugh, besides lands in Buckley, Bingfield, Hens- ton ; which Thomas vol. ii. p. 8. By his second wife, ELIZABETH, 

haugh, Whittington, Burradon, Towlands, and Coul- died 17 Ap. 1622, in who survived him, he had a daur. Anne, born in 

ter Cragg, also of various rents. The rest of the the life time of his 1633. 

family property was at the time holden in dower by father. This Eliza- 4. SIR EPHRAIM WIDDRINGTON, of Trewhit and 
his widow the lady Elizabeth. He died s. p. beth had, for the Ritton, was knighted by James the First. He 
1. DOROTHY WIDDRINGTON married Roger, son of term of her life, and was born in 1555, and living in 1639. By his 
John Fenwick, of Wallington, on which occasion by the gift of her 1st mother's will he and his bro. Benjamin had the 
they were enfeoffed in lands in Gunnerton & Cambo, husband, the castle rectory of Whelpington. He was twice man-led, 
according to a deed of trust, dated Aug. 2, 30 Henry and manor of Wid- firstly, to a sister of George Thirlwall, of Roth- 
VIII. 1538 (//. i. 267, 8, a.) ; and Henry Widdring- drington, & the ma- bury, his descendants by whom are slightly no- 
ton, of Widdrington, esq., and Roger Fenwick, of nors of Woodhorn & ticed under West Harle, in this work, II. i. 
Wallington, gentleman, having purchased of William Linton. 200./K His second wife was JANE, daur. of 
Fenwick, of Wallington, eldest son and heir of the Michael Hebburn, of Hebburn. 
said Roger Fenwick, Wallington, Walker, and all his other lands in North- 5. BENWELL WIDDRINGTON. 
umberland, released the whole of them again by a deed, dated June 15, 6. WILLIAM WIDDRINGTON, married, and had a 
15 Elizabeth, 1573. (Wid. Misc. No. 87.) This Dorothy's first husb. Roger daughter Elizabeth. 

died before 1553 ; and she married, secondly, ROBERT CONSTABLE, of Flam- 7. ISAAC WIDDRINGTON, man-led, and had issue 

borough, in Yorkshire, who, in the rebellion in 1569, acted the part of spy Robert and Elizabeth, both living in 1625. 

for the crown, and has consequently been distinguished by the editor of sir 2. JANE, wife of John Carnaby, of Langley. 

Ralph Sadler's state papers, under the description of this " infamous man," 3. MARGERY (or Sarah), wife of Henry Perkin- 

and " the traitrous spy of Sadler." His son signed the death wan-ant of son, of Beaumont Hill, in the coun. Durham. 

Charles the First. 

2. EDWARD WIDDRINGTON, of Swinburne, married URSULA, daur. & co- s 
heir of Reginald Carnaby, of Halton Castle, as appears by an indenture, 
dated Jan. 22, 7 Eliz. 1565, and made between himself on the one part, 
and the said Ursula on the other, and witnessing that sir John Widdring- 
ton, knt. having by his writing, 23 July, 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, 1555, 
granted to his second son, Edward, the castle and town of Swinburne, 
now the said Edw. W. in consideration of a man-iage between him and 
the said Ursula Carnaby, &c. (Lansd. MS. 326, fol. 148, 6.) The admi- 
nistration to his goods is dated 6 March, 1577, and calls him Edw. W. of , , 

the parish of Chollerton ; and mentions his widow Ursula, & his children?? 8. ISABELL, wife of sir R. Delaval. 
Roger, Ralph, Dorothy, Agnes, and Catharine. (Rome's Test. 124.) ' 

4. BARBARA, wife of John Ewbank. 

5. REBECCA. Her will, which is at Durham, is 
dated Nov. 9, 1625, when she resided at Stain- 
drop. She died unmarried. (Sec Wid. Misc. 36.) 

6. MARTHA married, firstly to Thos. Sandford, 
of Askham, in Westmorland, by whom she had 
issue two sons and four daurs. She married, 
secondly, Hilton, of 

7. MARY, wife of Edw. Gray. (Id.} In Hart. 
MS. 1554, fol. 15, it is Henry Grey. 


Issue of Edward Widdrlngton 
and Ursula Carnaby. 


1 _ 

iviAifcx, uuui . VL fit. oiiv i\ivi.rxi IT it JTIAIVJ, un. v* i t*. ROGER \VIDDRINGTON, OI K.OSAMOND, 

sir Henry Cur- DRINGTON married Francis Rad-/KCartington & Harbottie, esq. daur. of Mi- 
wen, of Work- ..., and had issue: cliffe, of Der- concerning whom, sir Robt. chaelWent- 
ington. Her 1. John W. of Stone- wentwater& Carey, on his appointment worth, of 


DRINGTON, knight, born in " 

1561. According to a deed, 

dated 10 James the First, he 

levied a fine sur conusans de 

droit, entailing his estates 

upon his eldest son William 

and his other sons, and with 

divers remainders recited in 

husband, 7 Oct. croft ; will 4 June, Dilston. 
1605, settled the 1664, mentions his 

to the office of warden of the Worley, In 
Middle Marches, has this no- Yorkshire, 

manor and de- sister Mountney, & his neph. Wm tice : " I allowed him two married to 

mesne of Swin- Widdrlngton, of Buteland: 2. Hen. horsemen, and he was em- her Isthus- 

burne on feoffees W. of Buteland, esq. : 3. Ursula, ployed by me on all occa- band, Ber- 

for his and her wife of Thos. Mountney, of Stone- sions, and for the time I re- tram Reve- 

use for life, with croft, living in 1664, and ex'ix to malned there did the queen ley, who 

remain, to then? her brother John's will. 

& country very much good." was buried 

heirs male. 1. DOROTHY, wife of John Erring- I have thought the inven- at Mitford, 
(Wid. Misc. 38, ton, of B win front, esq., by whom tory of his goods curious in 1622. - 


she had issue : 1. Wm E. who was enough for a place in the (Above, 71.} 
dead in 1643 : 2. Jane, wife of Thos. Miscellanea respecting Wid- 
Rutherford/f, : and, 3. Dorothy E. drington. It is at No. 39. In Edward the 

the inquest after his death. 
Sir Robt. Bowes, in a letter 
to lord Burleigh, about the 
end of 1596, mentions an iii- 
road which had been lately 

made into Scotland by Mr 

Hen. Widdrlngton, in which 
he had spoiled the town of Cavers, belonging 
to Douglas, sheriff of Tiviotdale ; and when 
sir Robert Carey was made warden of the 
Middle Marches, " he made choise of sir Hen. 
Woodrington and sir William Fenwick, to be 
his deputy wardens, and gave the one the 
keepership of Redesdale, the other that of 
Tlndale, & allowed them out of his 60 horse, 
six a piece to attend them." In 1603, he was 
appointed, with sir William Selby and sir William Fenwick, to march with a detachment of soldiers from Berwick, to punish 
a body of banditti on the Western Marches, who had ravaged the country as far as Penrith. (Ridp. Sard. Hist. 689, 703 , 
Careys Mem. p. 94.) He was high sheriff in 1605, and M. P. for this county in 1604, 1615, and 1621. His will is dated Sep. 
12, 1623, and an abstract of it is given in the Widdrlngton Miscellanea, No. 38, a. By a deed of his recited tn the inquest 
after his death, and dated 2 Sep. 21 James I. he left a lease often years of the profits of Haughton, West Haughton, Hums- 
haugh, Haughton Green, Oreenley, &c. to his daurs. Margaret, Dorothy, Anne, and Ursula. He died 4 Sep. 1623, at Swin- 
burne Castle, leaving it to his son William, at that time 13 years, 10 months, and 24 days old. 

of Newcastle, will dated 13 Sep. 

2. AGNES, mentioned in the admi- 
nistration to her father's effects. 

Sixth's time he had an annuity of 20 
from the crown. (Land Rev. Office, i. 86.) 
He was also steward for the crown in 
Hexham, and had a grant of lands at Sel- 

3. CATHARINE W. wife of Cuthbert, don, in East Swinburne, in 1567. (Id. 
son of sir John Malleroy, of Stud- 2 B. 54 ; xi. 174 ; xam. 260.) 
ley, Yorkshire. 

XVII. SIR WILLIAM WIDDRINGTON, of Widdrington-rMARY, daur. and 1. CATHARINE, married to sir Wm Riddell, knight, 

Castle, knt. & bart., and first lord Widdrington, was 
4 years old in 1615. When the contentions between 
the crown and parliament commenced, in Charles the 
Second's time, he distinguished himself for his loyalty 
by raising, and employing under the marquis of New- 
castle, a considerable body of troops, and by supporting 
the royal cause with great bravery, constancy, and 
firmness, till the time of his death. He fought under 
Newcastle in the victories obtained at Tadcaster, 
Yarum, Seacroft, Tankersley, Leeds, Halifax, Rother- 
ham, Sheffield, Chesterfield, Gainsborough, & Lincoln, 

sole heir of sir eldest son of sir Thos. Riddell, of Gateshead, kt. 
Anth. Thorald, of 2, 3, 4. MARGARET, ANNAS, & URSULA, all men- 
Blankncy,inLin- tioned in their father's will. ANNE, daur. of sir 
colnshire. Henry, and sister of William first lord Widdring- 

ton, also occurs as wife of sir Nicholas Thornton, 
of Netherwitton, knight. (II. i. 818.) 

5. DOROTHY, wife of sir Charles Howard, knt. fourth son of lord 
Wm Howard, of Naworth, In coun. Cumberland, by whom she had 
issue one son William. (Collins. See II. i. 7, 79. #c.) 

6. MARY, second wife of sir Francis Howard, knight, of Corby Castle, 
in Cumberland, by whom she had issue three sons, viz. : Francis- 
Henry, Thomas, and Henry, besides several daughters, whereof Mary 
was married to sir Thos. Haggerston, bart., the rest all dying young. 

and especially at Bradford, in Yorkshire. fDff. Bar. 
it. 471.) He was sheriff of this county in 1637; and 
M. P. for it in 1641 and 1642 ; and was not less re- 
markable for his courage and attachment to the cause of his sovereign in the house of commons than In the field. On Nov. 
10, 1640, " Distaste was taken by this house at sir Wm Widerington for calling the Scots ' invading rebels,' whereuppon 
sir Wm in his place stood up, and said that he knew them to be the king's subjects, and would no more call them rebels ; 
and with this explanation the house rested satisfied." \'Jour. H. C. H. 25.) On Wednesday, the 9th of June, 1641, he, and 
Mr Herbert Price, member for Brecon, violently took away the candles from the serjeant of the house, when there was no 
general command of the house for the bringing of candles in, upon which they were summoned to their places, made ex- 
planation with what intentions they did so, and were commanded to withdraw. After some debate the house determined, 
by a majority of 189 against 172, that they should be sent to the Tower for their offence, which sentence was pronounced 
upon them by the speaker, and put in force ; but, on their petitioning to be discharged from their imprisonment, the house, 
on the Monday following, resolved, that they should be restored to their liberty of sitting in it as they formerly did. f/rf. p. 
175.) On the 26th of August, 1642, both himself and his colleague, as representatives of the house for Northumberland, 
were expelled, for neglecting or refusing to attend its service upon summons, and for raising arms against the parliament. 
(Id. p. 738.) On Nov. 10, 1643, the king rewarded his services by creating him a peer of the realm, under the title of baron 
Widdrington, of Blankney, in the county of Lincoln ; but, in the year after the decisive battle of Marston-moor, himself, the 
marquis of Newcastle, and many others, retired to Hamburgh ; and, the house of commons, March 14, 1648, resolved " that 
Charles Stuart, eldest son of the late king James Stuart," the duke of Buckingham, John earl of Bristol, Wm earl of New- 
castle, sir William Widdrington, George lord Digby, and others, and all such persons as have been acting in the Rebellion 
in Ireland, shall be proscribed and banished as enemies and traitors to the Commonwealth, and shall die without mercy, 
wherever they shall be found within the limits of the nation, and then- estates shall be confiscated, and forthwith employed 
for the use of the Commonwealth. (Scobell.) In 1651, he had returned to the conflict in favour of Royalty; and, on the 
3rd of September, in that year, fell, in the 40th year of his age, fighting against the Commonwealth forces under Col. Lil- 
burn, at Wiggan, in Lancashire. (See Whit. item. 86, 92, 391, 479.) 


3 P 



Issue of sir William Widdrington, kiit. 
and Mary Thorald. 


WIUDRINGTON, was one of the coun- 
cil of state at the Restoration. His 
will is dated in 1673, and proved in 
1676 ; and by it he ordered all his 
estates which could be disposed of, to 
be sold. 

of sir Peregrine Bertie, of Will in Doctor's Com- ANTHONY, all died unmar- 

Eveden, in Lincolnshire, kt. inons, and dated in 1657. ried. 

a younger son of Kobt. earl 3. EDWD. WIDDRINGTON. 7. RALPH WIDDRINGTON lost 

of Lindsey. Her will is Whitelock mentions a sir liis sight in the Dutch war. 

dated 23 June, 1715, and Edw. Widdrington, who, His will is in Doctor's Corn- 

proved in the same year. 

after the defeat of the roy- minis, and dated in 1718. 
ulist party at Marston- 8. ROG. WIDDRINGTON slain 

moor, in 164 1, passed over to Hamburgh with the earl of Newcastle, lord Widdrington, and at the siege of Maestricht, in 
others. {Mem. p. 92.) He married Dorothy, daur. and co-heir of sir Thomas Horsley, of 1676. 

Longhorsley, and was slain at the battle of the Boyne, July 1, 1690 (See above, p. 104.) By a 9 MARY, wife of major Fran- 
very polite and cautious electioneering letter from the duke of Newcastle to sir John Swiii- els Crane, of Woodrising, 
bnrne, in 1676, it would appear that this Edw. was a candidate in that year for some office Norfolk. 

in the county. (Wid. Misc. No. 40.) He had a son Edward, whose gland-daughter Elizabeth 10. JANE, wife of sir Charles 
married Thomas Riddell, of Swinburne Castle, esq. ancestor of the Riddells of Fvlton, Long- Stanley, K.B., a younger mm 
horsley, and Swinburne Castle. (See above, p. 104.) of Wm earl of Derby. But 

Collins says, that Charles, 3rd 
son of Wm earl of Derby, died unmarried, and was burled in Westminster Abbey so early as Ap. 24, 1629. 


daur. and heir of Blankney, in Lincolnshire, 2. ELIZABETH W., a nun, died in 1731. 

WIDDRINGTON. By his will, which 
is dated 26 March, 1694, & proved 
in the following year, he settled 
his estate on his three sons in tail 
male, with reversion to his right 

Charles lord vis- died in 1715. 

count Fairfax, of 8. HENRY WIDDRINGTON. 

Ireland. Will proved 1729. 


Will proved in 1699. 

4. DOROTHY W., also a nun. 
3. ANNE W., married to John Clavering, 
of Callaly, esq. 6. JANE W. 

t>. CATHARINE W. married Edw. South- 
cote, of Blitheboroug >, Lincolnshire. She 
diud at Cambray, in 1758. (Newc. Cour.} 


dau. of sir Thos. Tem- 
pest, of Stella, in the 
county of Durham, & 
sole surviving sist. and 
heir of her brother sir 
Fran. Tempest ; mar- 
riage bond dated 13 
April, 1700. (Raines 
Test.) She died Sep. 
9, 1714.* 

LORD WIDDRING- GRAHAM had engaged with his bro- 2. MARY WID--T-RICHARD TOWNLEY, 

TON, was attainted letters of ad- thers Wm lord W. and DRINGTON. 

for Rebellion in 
1716, & his estates 

to her hus- 

Peregrine, in the Rebel- 
lion in 1715. They were 3. ELIZ. wife of 

5Ufc> 1UO Y^StiAI^O IV lit* UUO ln/ll lu 1 I 1*1. MO* VTVKV 

ted ; but ob- bandjs effects all apprehended at Pres- Marmaduke, 

ton. On May 7, 1716, FOURTH LORD 

Charles and Peregrine LANGDALE, of 

pleaded not guilty ; but Langdale, in 

bills of high treason be- the Hundred of 

tained pardon, and in 1743. 

died at Bath, in 


. of the antieiit fa- 
mily of Townley, of 
Townley Hall, in Lan- 
cashire, where there 
is a flue portrait of 
the first lord Wid- 

ing found against them, Philip Hodgson, of Tone, their uncle Pickering, and North Riding of York- 

by marriage, and others, on the 31st of the same month, they shire. They had one son, Ma>maduke, 

withdrew their former pleas, and pleaded guilty. They were all finally pardoned, fifth lord Langdale, who, dying in 

and Charles Widdrington is said to have died at St Omers, in 1756. 1777, his title became extinct ; besides 

3. PEREGRINE WIDDRINGTON, while in prison for rebellion, in 1716, had the dan- four daurs., viz. : 1. Constantia, who 

gerous disease called the spotted fever, but recovered of it. He married Mary, died young ; 2. Elizabeth, wife of Robt. 

duchess of Norfolk, widow of Thomas eighth duke of Norfolk, daur. and heir of sir Butler, esq. of Ballyragget, in Ireland ; 

Nicholas Shireburn, of Stonyhurst, in Lancashire. By his will, which is dated in 8. Mary, married Charles Philip, 14th 

1747, he gave his estates to his nephew, William Tempest Widdrington, in tail male, lord Stourton, father of Wm the pre- 

with remainder to his nephew John Towuley, in tail male ; remainder to his right sent lord Stourton ;A &nd 4. Apollonia, 

heirs. wife of John, son of the lord Clifford. 




DRINGTON, born in tonby, of 
1700, & died s. p. York, 
at Turnham-green, 
and was buried at St Pancras, in 

DRINGTON, bur. 21 Ap. 1705;* of Townley, esq. the 
at Widdrington, bei'-ame a nun. celebrated collector 
MARY GER- of theTownley mar- 

Oct. 23, 1713.* 

3. WM TEMPEST TRUDE, b. July bles, coins, and ma- 

WIDDRINGTON, 7, 1707; buried nuscripts. His col- 
London, 7 Sept. 1774. After his esq. born May 21, Sep. 26, 1708.* lection of Etruscan 
father's death, he succeeded to the 1712;* married ELIZABETH, antiquities were il- 
estates of Stella and Stanley, in ANNE PHILIPS, born Nov. 8, & lustrated in 2 vols. 
the county of Durham, which and died about buried Nov. 10, 4to., by D'Hancar- 
were his mother's inheritance; 1753. By his will 1700.* ville. He died in 

and by his will, which is dated he gave his estate ANNE, burled 1805, aged 67. 

in 1772, he settled them on his to his brother for Feb. 2, 1711.* 

nephew and heir Thomas Eyre, life ; with rem. MARY, born Oct. 11, 1713;* marr. ROWLAND EYRE, of Hassop 

in tail male ; rem. to his second to the 2nd son of in the Hundred of High Peak, Derbyshire. ^r 

cousin Edward Standish, in tail his cousin lord 

male ; rem. to his first cousin Langdale, and heirs male ; rem. to his own right heirs. 

John Townley, for life ; rem. to 

Peregrine Townley, and his heirs male ; remainder to his own right heirs. 

DISH, esq. suc- 
ceeded his ne- 
phew Edw. 

Standish, in 
the Stella and 
Stanley ests., 
and died in 
May, 1813. 

CONSON, dau of 
Wm Dicconson, 
of Wrightiug- 
tou, in tlie pa- 
rish of Eccle- 
stoti, in Lan- 
cashire, esq. 

XXII. THOMAS EYRE, of Hassop, only issue, succeeded his uncle, the titular lord=LADY MARS' BELLASISE, third daur. 
Widdrington, in the Tempest estates of Stella and Stanley, in the county ot Durham, of Thomas fourth viscount, & Hrst 
in 1774 ; married July 23, 1776; and died without issue, at Nice, 26 March, 1792. earl of Fauconberg. 

(For remainder of this Generatijn, see next page. ) 

* The datei marked thus () are from the Widdrington Registers. 




Issue of Charles Townley, esq. 



Issue of John Townley Standish, esq. 
and Barbara Dicconson. 


Robt. Drummond, of Cadlands, in Hamp- 
shire ; a banker at Charing Cross, London ; 
and sixth son of Wm Drummond, third 
viscount Strathallen, who engaged in the 
Rebellions of 1715 & 1745, and was killed 
at the battle of Culloden, 14 April, 1746. 

XXIII. CHARLES TOWNLEY, esq. eldest son & heir, joined his father in a fine and recovery of the titular lord Widdrington'a 
estates, of which, at his said father's death, he will be proprietor in fee. 

Stella & Stanley, under lord Thomas Eccle- of Townley, in the coun. of Lan- 
Widdrington's will, in 1772, ston, in the co. caster, now proprietor for life of 

Stella and Stanley, and the last 
in the remainder for them under 
the will of the titular lord Wid- 
drington, in 1772. 

took the name of STANDISH, of Lancaster, 
and died without issue, in 
March, 1807. 


[Compiled from " Memoirs of the antient earls of Warren and Surrey, and their descendants to the present time, by the 
Rev. John Watson, M.A., F.A.S., &C. Warrington, 1782," 2 vols. 4to. ; also from communications from the Herald's College, 
and other authentic sources.] 

ARMS : Revel, argent within a bordure sable, on a chevron gules 3 cross crosslets of the field. Warren, first and fourth 
chequy or, and azure on a canton gules, a lion rampant, azure. Vernon, quarterly first and fourth, azure 2 bars argent ; 
second, argent a fret sable ; third, on a fess azure 3 garbs of the field. 

[ THOMAS REVEL, esq., of= 
?itcham, in Surrey; in 1740,* 
he was a member of the house 
>f commons, & filled a situation 
n the victualling office. He 
mrchased WIddrington about 
the year 1750. 

- H EDW. WARREN, of 3 
Poynton, in Cheshire, 
esq., lord of the ma- 
nor and barony of 
Stockport, was lineal- 
ly descended from Wm, 
second earl of Warren 
and Surrey, and son 
William the Conqueror, 
riff of Cheshire in 1731 ; 
i buried on the 9th of the 
the church of Stockport. 

= ELIZABETH, daur. of T HEN. VERNON, of* 
George second earl of Sudbury, in the co. 
Cholmondeley ; mar- of Derby, esq,, de- 
ried Jan. 23, 1731 ; scended from Rich, 
and was buried in de Vernon, lord of 
Stockport church, Vernon, in Norman - 
Dec. 22, 1762. dy, who attended 
Wm the First to the 
conquest of England, and was one of the 

-ANNE, only daur. and 
heir of Thomas Pigot, 
esq., by Mary his wife, 
sister of 1'eter VenoMes, 
the last baron of Kln- 
derton, who was de- 
scended from sir Thos. 
Venables,baron of Kin- 
derton, living in 1505. 

of Gundred, fifth daughter of 
He served the office of high-she 
and, dying Sept. 7, 1737. was 
same month, in the chancel of 

7 Normans who were created barons in - 
the county palatine of Chester, by Hugh Lupus, nephew of the 
Conqueror. This Henry was born in April, 1686, and was M. P. 
for the county of Stafford In the 4th parliament of Great Britain. 

ill 1 i 


only daur. 
and heir, 
first wife, 
was buried 
within the 
on rails of 


Dec. 26, 



only son and died un- of Stapleford, in 

heir, created married, the co. of Not- 

a knt. of the ELIZAB. tingham, esq., 

Bath. May WARREN descended from 

26, 1761 ; married Wm Warren, 
married, for Robert who died in 

his 2nd wife, Carpen- 1496, and was 

FRANCES,da. ter, esq. 2d son of Law- 
of sir Cecil rence Warren, 

Bishopp, of ancestor of the Warrens of 

Parkham, in Poynton. He was born at 

Sussex, bart. Elvaston, and died Aug. 
10, 1763. 

of Thos. How- 
ard, of Effing- 
ham ; married 
21 June, 1738; 

daur. of 


Rossill ; 


2dly, the died in 1740, 
rev and buried at 

Graham Sudbury. 
Chapel, of 



NABLESVER- daughter ot sir 
NON, born Thomas Lee, of 
Feb. 9, 1708; Hartwell, 

Lichfield in 

Bucks, bart. ; 
died s. p. Sep. 

three parlia- 22, 1742 ; and 





i two. He took 
- the surname 
of VenaMes in addition to, and before 
that of Vernon ; and also the arms of 
Venables to be borne by him and his 
(descendants in chief with their own 
arms ; which arms were granted and 

ments, and was buried at Sudbury. 
. the borough 
j of Derby in=r3rd wife, MARTHA, dau. of 

Simon Harcourt, esq , and 
sister of Simon earl Har- 
court, born 15 July, 1715 ; 
married 10 Ap. 1744 ; died 
8 Ap. 1794, and was buried 
at Sudbury. 

exemplified by patent, dated Sep. 3, 1728, pursuant to the'wlll of his great uncle Peter Venables, esq. Geo. the Third, 
in consideration or his antient and illustrious descent, by patent, d ited May 12, 1762, raised him to the dignity of a 
peer of Great Britain, by the style and title of LORD VERNON, BARON OF KINDERTON, in the county of Chester, to 
him and the heirs male of his body. He died Aug. 21, 1780, & was bur, at Sudbury, on the 28th of the same month. 

WARREN, only daur. and LEY, seventh viscount 
heir ; marr. Ap. 26, 1777 ; Bulkeley ; created a 
left 500 to the poor of the peer of Great Britain 
parish of Wood horn; and 14 May, 1784; died 
died s. p. in 1826, when s. p. in 1822. This 
the estate of Widdringtou antient family derive 
passed to Frances Maria their descent from Ro- 
Warren, daur. of sir John bert Bulkeley, who 
Borlase Warren, bart. was lord of the ma- 

nor of Bulkeley, in 
Cheshire, In the time of king John. 

of Stapleford, in Notting- 
hamshire ; created .1 baro- 
net May 20, 1775 ; filled the 
distinguished office of am- 
bassador extraordinary and 
plenipotentiary to the court 
of Russia ; was also a vice- 
admiral of the blue ; knight 
grand cross of the Bath ; & 
one of his Majesty's most 
honourable privy council. 

'CAROLINE, young- 
est daughter of sir 
John Clavering, 
K.B., by lady Di- 
ana West, daur. of 
John earl of Dela- 

2. ARNOLD, born 27 
June, 1757 ; died in 
Aug. 1829. 

3. FRANCES, only 
daur., born 17 Nov. 
1755; married Au- 
gustus Perky ns, esq. 
nephew of sir Thos. 
Perkyns, bart. 

(For remainder c\f this Generation, f 
tec over at T{2. & ffS.^ S 

Sr Sr 2s. 

* In this year, he complained of a breach of privilege in the house of commons, committed against himself. (Jour. H C. tx&i. 09&,&c.J In 
1741, M member of that house for Dover, he was elected one of the sixteen barons of the Cinque Ports. 



Issue of sir John Borlase Warren, bart. and Caroline Clavering. 

succeeded his father as 2nd lord 

Vernon, baron of Kinderton; Charles Sedley, of 
born in the parish of St James, Nuttall Temple, 

Westmin., 9 May, 1735 ; marr. 
firstly, LOUISA BARBARA, daur. 

Issue of George Venables Vernon 
and Mary Howard. 

Issue of George Venables Vernon 
and Martha Harcourt. 

r : 1 i i i i i 


ANNE, dau. of sir 

Notts, bt.; marr. 
14 Feb. 1779: died 

rsy, , . . 

Be sole heir of Bussy, lord Man- 16 July, 1793, and 
sell, which Louisa Barbara was bur. at Nuttall. 
born Feb. 2, 1733 ; married at 
Saint George's, Hanover Square, London, 16 July, 
1757 ; had issue (1.) George Venablei fernon, born 
Nov. 19, 1761, died an infant, and was buried at 
Newtek, in Sussex ; (<J.) Louisa, born in the parish 
of St George, Hanover Square, 18 June, 1765, and 
died in 1786, unmarried; (3 & 4.) Charlotte & Anne, 
both died young. Their mother died in 1786 ; and 
their father, the lord Vernon, married secondly, 
GEORGIAN A, dau. of Wm Fauquier, esq., by whom 

he had issue Georgiana, born 9 Jan. 1788 ; married Sept. 19, 1809, to 
Edward Harbord, third baron of Suffield ; and died (leaving issue two sons 
and one daur.) Sep. 23, 1823. His lordship died June 18, 1813. 

2, 8, and 4. HENRY, HOWARD, and MARY ; all three died young. 

5. MARY, born Dec. 19, 1739 ; married at Sudbury, Jan. 5, 1763, to George 
Adams, of Orgrave, in Staffordshire, esq., who, by royal licence, dated 30 
April, 1773, took the surname and arms of Anson, and was father to Thomas 
Anson, who was created viscount Anson, and baron of Toberton, 17 Feb. 
1806.A _ 

third lord Vernon, was born in 
the parish of St George, Hano- 
ver Square, London, April 18, 
1747. By royal licence, dated 
19 March, 1779, he and his is- 

the name, arms, and crest of 
Sedley only. He succeeded, on 
the death of his half-brother, 
in 1813, as lord Vernon, baron 
of Kinderton ; but his lordship 
relinquished the name, arms, 
and crest of Sedley, and died at 
Kirkby, in Notts, 27 March, 
1829, and was buried at Sud- 

dau. ot sir John VERNON died young, & 
Whitford, bt. ; was bur. at Sudbury. 
marr. 29 Nov. 8. EDW. VENABLES 
1795. VERNON, L.L.D., lord 

archbishop of York, 
primate of England, lord high almoner 
to the king, and one of his Majesty's 
most honourable privy council ; born at 
Sudbury, 10 Oct. 1757; married, 5 Feb. 
1784, Anne Leveson Gower, 3rd dau. of 
Granville, marquis of Stafford, K.G. ; 
by whom his grace has issue, besides se- 
veral other children George Granville, 
M.t. for Lichfleld ; Leveson Venables, in 
holy orders, formerly rector of Roth- 
bury, in this county, and now rector of 
Stokesley, in Yorkshire ; and Charles, al- 
so in holy orders, and now' rector of 

9. ELIZABETH, born 21 Jan. 1746; 
married 16 Sep. 1765, to George Simon, 
second earl and viscount Harcourt. 

10. CATHARINE, born 81 Aug. 1749; 
died unmarried, 8 June, 1775 ; and was 
buried at Sudbury. 

11. MARTHA, born 25 Dec. 1751. 

12. ANNE, born 2 March, 1754. 

only surviving child & heir of her 
father; married Aug. 25, 1802. 
Lady Vernon had a brother GEO. 
JOHN, who was killed in Egypt 
in 1802, also a brother JOHN, and 
a sister DIANA, both of whom 
died young. 

Sedley, of Sudbury Hall, in thecoun. Derby; born Dec. 4, lieut. and captain in the grena- 

1779 ; and now lord Vernon, baron of Kinderton. 

2. CATHARINE living, and unmarried in 1830. 

3. HENRIETTA died about the year 1785. 

4. LOUISA HENRIETTA married in Nov. 1816, the rev. 
B. Boothby, rector of Kirkby, coun. Notts, son of sir Wm 
Boothby, of Ashburne Hall, Derbyshire. 

5. CHARLES died 2 May, 1805. 

dier regt. of foot guards ; marr. 
Aug. 15, 1812, to ELIZA GRACE, 
daur. of Edw. Cooke, of Long- 
ford Cooke, Derbyshire, esq./K 

rector of Kirkby, Notts. 

in Derbyshire; born 22 June, 1802, and baptized at Staple- 
ford ; married by special licence, Oct. 80, 1824, at Hebburn 

V. GEORGE JOHN VENABLES VERNON, esq. of Sudbury Hall,-r-l. ISABELLA CAROLINE, eldest daughter of Cuthbert Ellison, of 

' of Hebburn Hall, in coun. Durham, esq., M.P. for Newcastle, 
by Isabella Grace, daur. of Henry Ibbetson, of St Anthony's, 
in this county, esq. Born 15 May, 1805. (See Ellison Fed., 
in Surteet' Dur, ii. 78. ) 


AUGUSTUS HENRY, born in Rome, 1 Feb. 1829, and 
baptized there. 


VI. CAROLINE MARIA, born in London, 2 January, 1826 ; baptized 
at Brighton. 

" Young lord, thy grandsire had a friend, 

" In days of youthful fame ; 
" Yon distant hills were his domains, 

" Sir Bertram was his name. 
" Young Bertram loved a beauteous maid, 

" As fair as fair might be ; 

" The dew-drop on her lily's cheek 

" Was not so fair as she. 
" FAIR WIDDRINGTOX the maiden's name, 

" Yon tower* her dwelling place ; 
" Her Sire an old Northumbrian chief, 

" Devoted to thy race." 

fHermit of Warkworth.) 

WIDDRINGTON, in the most antierit writings known to be extant respecting 
it, is written Wd-ring-tun> Wod-ring-ton, and Wode-ring-ton ; which, from its 
being ringed or surrounded by a wood, might be descriptive of its situation. 
The village of this name consists of two farm houses, about thirty cottages, 
the chapel already described, a presbyterian meeting house, a school house, 
tavern, and a modern castle, and stands on a high and fertile knoll, which has 


still remaining around it patches of natural oak woods, or traces of old ones, 
and commands an extensive prospect in every direction. The part of the 
village, which was built out of the materials of the old castle, has a mock 
gateway, is crowded, and too much in the style of a manufacturing place : 
it is inhabited chiefly by artificers, and the pitmen of the neighbouring colliery. 
Lady Bulkeley gave 15 annually to the school, which sum is still continued 
to it by the present noble proprietor of the estate. I have seen no account 
when the congregation of presbyterians in connexion with the church of Scot- 
land belonging to this place, was first established. John Horsley, the able 
and amiable author of the Britannia Romana, resided here, probably as pastor 
of a congregation, before he commenced his ministry at Morpeth. The pre- 
sent meeting -hoiLse, and its neat manse, were built in 1765, upon a lease 
obtained from sir George Warren ; and the meeting-house itself was repaired 
and enlarged, by subscription, so as to be capable of holding 400 persons, in 
1829. Its present minister, the rev. George Boag, was elected by the con- 
gregation, in 1828. p 

WIDDRINGTON CASTLE. The oldest view that I have seen of this antient, 
and now obliterated edifice, is that by S. and N. Buck, in 1728 ; and the oval 
view of it engraved by Bazire, and given in Watson's History of the Earls of 
Warren and their descendants, is a copy from the same plate, with this 

difference, that the arms of William the lord Widdrington, over the 

front door, are supplied with the cheeky shield of the Warrens. The licence 
to kernellate it was granted to Gerard de Widdrington, grandson of Adam de 
Swinburne, by Edward the Third, in 1341. In the list of castles, supposed 
from internal evidence to have been made out in the beginning of the reign 
of Henry the Sixth,* 1 John de Widdrington, chevalier, is returned as proprie- 

p ROBT. REED, who resided at Widdrington, but whose chief employment was in travelling through 
the adjoining country in the capacity of a pedlar and a bee-master, is still well remembered in 
all the farm-houses in the neighbourhood, as an ingenious and useful man, and " a good honest 
crack." He obtained a prize from the Society of Arts and Commerce, for the management of bees. 
Part of his stock of bees, which was at times very large, was kept at Widdrington, the rest dis- 
persed among the farmers and cottagers in the vicinity ; and his advice about the management of 
apiaries was constantly solicited and freely given through the circuit in which he travelled. He 
frequently exhibited in the markets at AInwick, Morpeth, and other places, a swarm of bees hang- 
ing from his hand. He died March 28, 1821. (Newc. Courant.) 

1 1ll. i. 26, 30. 



tor of the castles of Swinburne and of Haughton, in Tindale, besides " the 
tower of Wodrynton," but the word turris, or tower, in the last entry, has 
castrum or castle written opposite to it, in an old hand, in the margin of Mr 
Surtees's copy, though no such correction or explanation is given in the copy 
among the Harleian manuscripts/ The fine tower to the left of the entrance 
was probably the part which rose, under authority of licence from Edward 
the Third. Its battlements were built on corbules, and it had round project- 
ing turrets at each corner, and ornamented finials between each notch of its 
parapet walls. These finials and the bay window on the ground floor were 
unquestionably more modern than the tower itself, which was one of the 
richest and handsomest specimens of the early architecture of feudal times, in 
the north of England. The other parts of the structure were additions of 
different dates : that farthest to the right being the most modern, and probably 
added by the last lord Widdrington. The inscription in the front of the left 
wing was perhaps never copied. Lords John and Claude Hamilton, sons 
of the marquess of Hamilton, for the parts they took in the deaths of the 
regents Murray and Lenox, in 1579, were obliged to fly into England ; and, 
in 1584, resided at Widdrington, where they were in that year visited by 
the Scottish lords who were banished by James the Sixth, for keeping him so 
Jong in thraldom. 8 Sir Robert Carey, who married Elizabeth Trevanion, 
the widow of sir Henry Widdrington, occasionally resided here. In the 
year in which he retired from the office of deputy warden of the West 
Marches, he came about the beginning of July " to Witherington, which 
was his wife's jointure : there we stayed till towards the next spring," but 
having no employment he resolved to go again to court. When he was ap- 
pointed warden of the Middle Marches, he tells us " I was no sooner come 
down but I removed my wife, children, and household to Alnwick Abbey." 
In 1598, he warned the gentlemen on the opposite side from hunting deer 
and cutting wood within the English borders without his leave ; but finding 
his admonitions unattended to, he would not suffer the affront, and when 

1 " Witherington Castle, longinge to the Witheringtons, stondethe within half a mile of the 
shore, somewhat as touching againg Cocket Iseland. By it runnith a litle broke on the northe 
syde, and there is a litle village of the same name. The broke renneth into the se by itselfe.'* 
(Lei It. vij.fol. 76.; 

1 Ridp. Bord. Hist. 660. See in Cott. MSS. Cal. C. viii. a letter on this subject. 


they came again to their sports and spoils, he sent his deputies with sufficient 
force to punish them. " They observed," says he, " my command, only 
they broke all their carts, and took a dozen of the principal gentlemen that 
were there, and brought them to me at Witherington, where I lay. I made 
them welcome, and gave them the best entertainment I could. They lay in 
the castle two or three days, and so I sent them home, they assuring me 
that they would never hunt there again without leave, which they did truly 
perform all the time I stayed there ; and I many times met them myself, and 
hunted with them two or three days, and so we continued good friends ever 
after." He had promised James the Sixth of Scotland to be the bearer to him 
of the news of queen Elizabeth's death ; and between nine and ten o'clock on 
Thursday, March 24, 1603, which was the day of her departure, he set off 
from London, and reached Doncaster that night. " The Friday night I came 
to my own house at Witherington, and presently took order with my depu- 
ties to see the borders kept in quiet, which they had much to do ; and gave 
order the next morning, the king of Scotland should be proclaimed king of 
England, and at Morpeth and Alnwick. Very early on Saturday I took 
horse, for Edinburgh, and came to Norham about twelve at noon, so that I 
might well have been with the king at supper time ; but I got a great fall by 
the way, and my horse, with one of his heels, gave me a great blow on the 
head, that made me shed much blood. It made me so weak that I was forced 
to ride a soft pace after, so that the king was newly gone to bed by the time 
that I knocked at the gate" of Hol