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Original Town of Concord, 



Erie Couni^v, new. York, 





Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1S83. 


In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



Chapter I. pa(;e. 

From 1534 to 1(355. 

Cartier's and Champlain's Expe- 
dions 3 

Chapter II. 

From 1655 to 1679— Indians, 
Dutch, French, &c 9 

Chapter III. 

DeNonville-La Houton— Queen 
Anne — the Iroquois, &c 13 

Chapter IV. 

Pontiac' League — tlie Senecas — 
the Devil's Hole, &c 17 

Chapter V. 

The Revolution — the Indians' 
Ho?tiUty — Wyoming— Clierry 
Valley. &c 20 

Chapter VI 

The Treaty of Fort Stanwix and 
subsequent Treaties 24 

Chapter VII. 

Land Titles — Various Grants — 
Conflicting Claims — Robert 
Morris 29 

Chapter VIII. 

A curious fact — the First Crop 
raised on the Holland Pur- 
(;hase . 32 

Chapter IX. 

Agents of Holland C'ompany. 
Theophilus Cazenova & Paul 

Bustle 48 

Joseph Ellicott 49 

Jacob S. Otto, David E Evans. 51 
A sketcli of others. 

Robert Morris 52 

Mary Jemison, the White Wo- 
man 57 

Chapter X. pa«e. 
War of 1812-15 60 

Chapter XI. 
Campaign of 1813 66 

Chapter XII. 
Burning of Buffalo, &c 74 

Chapter XIII. 

Campaign of 1814 81 

Discipline at Butf alo— the Death 

Penalty 82 

Capture of Fort Erie by the 

Americans 83 

An Indian Battle 84 

The Battle of Chippewa 87 

Battle of Conjockety Creek. ... 91 

Battle of Fort Erie 92 

Sortie at Fort Erie 95 

News of Peace 98 

Chapter XIV. 

Early Settlers 100 

Early Organization of County 

and Towns 102 

Date of Settlement and Organi- 
zation of Towns in Erie Co. . . 104 

Old Town of Concord 105 

Coming to the country 106 

Log Houses — Dutch Cliimneys 

and Log-raising "106 

Clearing Land 109 

Sugar Making 113 

Pioneer Wells 116 

Pioneer Fencing 118 

Frame Barns 120 

Primitive Household Furnitm-e, 

&c , &c 121 

Carding, Spinning and Weaving 124 
Raising, Dressing and Spinning 

Flax 127 

Bull Plow and Crotch Drag 128 

Milling 129 

Manufacturing of Clothing, 

Boots and Shoes I3i 

Making Black Salt . . . v 132 

Husking Bees, &c . .'. .-',. . . ... . . 134 

Schools •••,■>.. 136 




Spelling Schools 139 

Reaping with a Sickle, &c 143 

Militia Training .-. 144 

Wrestling 146 

Snow Shoes 146 

Dancing 147 

The Great AVolf Hunt 148 

Droves and Drovers 150 

The Lost Boy lol 

Pigeons l^^ 

Thanksgiving 153 

Chapter XV. 

History of Concord 156 

Names of persons previous to 

Jan. 1. 1815 158 

Names of persons Buying Land 
of the Holland Company, 

Township 6, Range 6 159 

Township 7. Range 6 . 160 

Township 6, Range 7 163 

Township 7. Range 7 : . . . . 165 

Copy of an Original Article of 

Land 168 

Copy of the First Deed in Con- 
cord 172 

Early Roads 173 

Springville & Sardinia Railroad 175 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Railro'd 175 
Names of one or more of the 
First Settlers on each Lot in 

Concord 176 

Hotels — Mills — Manufactories . 17S 
Professional Men — Merchants — 

Tradei-s and Mechanics 185 

Banks 192 

Manufacturers — Merchants and 

Tradesmen 193 

" Fiddler's Green' 196 

Mail Routes— Post Offices 197 

Commission of the First Post 

Master in Springville 199 

A list of the Owners of Farming 
Lands in the Town of Con- 
cord in 1845 200 

Concord Soldiers' Record 205 

Presbyterian Church 209 

Metliodist Episcopal Church of 

Springville 213 

First Baptist Church of Spring- 
ville 214 

Free Baptist Church of Spring- 
ville 216 

Roman Catholic C h u r c h o f 

Springville 217 

Universalist Church 218 

Free Baptist Church, East C!on- 

cord 218 

Free Baptist Church, West Con- 
cord 219 


Methodist Episcopal Church, 

West Concord 219 

Springville Academy 220 

Semi-Centennial Celebration of 
the Opening of Springville 

Academy 223 

Teachers' institutes 230 

List of Accidental Deaths in the 

Town of Concord 235 

Names of Streams in Concord. . 237 

The First Liberty-Pole 238 

The Springville Mill 239 

Local Names in Concord 240 

The Springville Rifle Company 241 

Town Officers of Concord 242 

Town Accounts, 1830 245 

Names of Early Settlers 246 

Soldiers of Concord in 1812. . . . 247 

Vosburg Murder 247 

Otis Murder 248 

The Old Springville Hotel 248 

Panther Stories 250 

Bear Story 251 

Lands Deeded in Concord 252 

Societies 265 

Newspapers 267 

Chapter XVI. 

Family Histories of the Town of 
Concord in Alphabetical Or- 

A, 269 : B. 277 ; C, 303 ; D, 341 ; 
E. 348 ; F, 353 : G, 369 ; H. 
376 : I, 386 : J, 387 ; K, 391 : 
L. 399 : M, 404 ; N. 417 : O. 
422 ; P. 423 ; Q, 435 : R, 436 ; 
S, 450 : T. 487 ; Urich, 502 ; 
V, 502 ; W, 509 : Z, 532. 

Eliza Reynolds 


Chester Spencer 

C. C McClure 

Goddard Family 

Christopher Stone's House 



Chapter XVII. 

History of C^ollins 543 

First Settlers 544 

Articles 545 

Assessment Roll, 1823 553 

Act Creating the Town 559 

Defining Boundaries 560 

Zoar 563 

Deeds 569 

List of Town Officers 577 

Schools 583 

Religious Meetings and Church 

Organizations 584 

••East District." Town of Col- 
lins Center 585 



Collins Center 585 

Physicians 586 

C'oilins C'enter Merchants 586 

Tanneries 587 

Mills 587 

'• Society of Friends" 588 

Soldiers' Record 589 

Settlers of 60 and 70 years ago. . 593 

Town Account. 1830 593 

Societies 594 

John Millis and his grist 595 

Wild Animals 596 

Business Directory of Collins 

Center for 1882 596 

Cowanda Directoiy for 1882... 597 

Mrs. CJiarlotte Seymour's letter 598 

Statement of S. W. Soule 600 

Mrs. Stoddard's Statement 604 

Statement of Joseph Plumb, Esq 617 

Statement of S. Carv Adams . . . 624 

Statement of David Wilber 696 

Letter of Wm H. Parkinson. . . 675 

Augustus Smith's Statement. . . 683 

Statement of Benj. Albee. 2d. . 637 

Blackney Murder 641 

Chapter XVIII. 

Family Histories, Collins 635 

A, 635^ B. 639 ; C. 647 : F. 655 ; 
G, 656 ; H, 657 ; J, 661 ; K, 
663 ; L. 666 : M, 668 : N, 674 ; 
O. 674 : P, 675 ; R, 682 ; S, 683 : 

T, 691; V, 695; W, 696 

Chapter XIX. 

North Collins 707 

Names of those who Purchased 
Lands of the Holland Com- 
pany 708 

Deeds 714 

First Settlers on each Lot 725 

Assessment Roll of 1823 734 

List of Town Officers ; . 728 

Societies 731 

Soldiers' Record 733 

First Congregational Chui-ch . . . 737 
Job Southwoi-th's Statement. . . 738 

Statement of Isaac Hale 740 

Statement of Noel Conger 743 

'Statement of Isaac Woodward . 745 

Family Histories, North Collins 749 

B, 749 ; C, 750 ; D, 753 : F, 752 ; 
G. 753 : H, 754 ; J, 755 : K. 
756 ; L, 757 , P, 759 ; R. 761 : 

S, 762 ; V, 766 ; W, 766 

Chapter XXI. 
General Historj^ of Sardinia. . . 769 
Early Settlers 770 


Articled Land 771 

Deed of the Holland Comi)any. 776 
Early Reminiscences — Nott. . . . 784 

Fourth of July Party, 181 1 789 

Soldiers" Record 794 

First Baptist Church 797 

Beneficiary Orders 798 

Town Ofticers 798 

Assessment Roll, 1843 813 

Reminiscences by Dr. B. H. Col- 

RToye 823 

Statement of A. W. Shedd 839 

Statement of L. D. Smith 832 

Statement of Cyrus Rice 835 

Business Places. &c 845 

Notes from the Old Town Book 

of 1821, &c 848 

Chapter XXII. 

Family Histories in Alphabet- 
ical Order — Illustrations 851 

A, 851 ; B. 854 : C. 857 : F. 860 : 
G, 861 : H, 862 ; J, 868 : L, 
868 : M, 870 : N, 871 ; O, 873 ; 
P. 873 ; R, 875 : S, 878 ; T. 
885 ; V. 885 ; Sterling Titus, 
886; W, 886 


Adams, J. C 892 

Brooks, John 893 

Brooks. Andrew J 894 

Briggs, A. H , M. D 894 

Briggs, George W 895 

Foster, Harrison T 895 

Field, William 897 

Field. ]\Iarvin 898 

Drake, Allen 898 

Hammond, Wm. W 899 

Hastings. Chancey J 900 

Hastings, Sej'mour P 901 

Koch, Harry H 901 

Miller. Frederick 903 

Nott. S. E. L. H 903 

Nichols, George W 904 

Wilev. William 904 

Wiley, John M 905 

Jliller, Christian 905 

Oatman, David 906 

Williams, George 907 

Stowell, ( "harles 908 

Ewell, Joseph E 908 

Tanner, Aukxs B 1)09 

Per.sons, Daniel H 910 

Emery, Joseph, (,'ol 910 

Scott.' Justus. 91 1 

Smither, R. R 913 

Spencer, H. S 912 

Tanner, Alonzo, Esq 913 

Wil)ert Family 913 



Cutler, Caleb 915 

Ransom. Asa 915 

Ransom, Asa. Jr. ... : 916 

Ransom, Harry B 917 

Titus, James B 917 

Kent, Joseph 919 

Kent, Jonathan 919 

Cooper, Joseph 920 

Young, Charles E 930 

Lockwood, Ebenezer 921 

Stickney, David, Jr 922 

White, Aimer 928 

Tucker, Harvey J 924 

Lockwood, A. U 925 

Preston, A. G 926 

Lawson, W. W 927 

Bartholomew, A 928 

Sampson, Joseph P 929 


Bensley, John R 930 

Bensley, George E 931 

Haight, Albert 982 

Coit, George 935 

Humphrey, Arthur 935 

Humphrey, J. M 936 

Lockwood, D. N 937 

Green, O J. & Sons 938 

Reading, Richard 939 

Canbee, Joseph 940 

Kerr. Patterson 941 

Scoby. M C 941 

Bartlett, Marcus 542 

Calkins, AC 544 

Coit, Chas. T 944 

Coit, Frank S 945 

Eustaphive. HA 945 

Masonic 947 


Page 105, read " Lawton " for Lanton. 

Page 106, read " Big Tree " for Fitr Tree. 

Page 126, read " Scarn " for Scam. 

Page 131, 9th line, read " difticuU '" for different. 

Page 152, read " Morton's Corners" for Morton's Creek. 

Page 174, line 38, read " at lot 32 " for at lot 52. 

Page 180, read '" Theodore Frew " for Theodore Trevv. 

Page 188, read " Perigo " for Brigo. 

Page 189, read " Shoutz " for Shontz ; same page, read " Barnhart " for Ramhart ; same 
page, read " Post " for Past. 

Page 190, read " Parmeter " for Bameter. 

Page 192, read " F. K. Davis " for T. K. Davis. 

Page 195, read " Frew " for Trew. 

Page 208, read " 1862 " for 1892. 

Page 218, read " Morris Hall " for Horris Hall. 

Page 275, read " Auwater " for Anwater. 

Page 253, 3d line from bottom, read " 1819 " instead of 1809. 

Page 293, read " 1869" for 1899. 

Page 294, read " 1880 " for 1810 ; same page, read " 1882 " for 1822. 

Page 332, read " 1839 " for 1849. • 

Page 338, read " 1877" for 1878. 

Page 359, read the name " Benjamin Fay " for Benjamin Frye. 

Page 360, read the name " Nemiah Fay '" for Nemiah Frj-e. 

Page 369, line 16, read " Ruth Briggs" for Bertha Briggs. 

Page 391, read " Benjamin Gardner" for Benjamin Gordon. 

Page 305, read " Otis Morton " for Otis Horton. 

Page 400, read " Mary Hufstader " for John Hufstader. 

Page 433, read " 1832 " for 1882. 

Page 452, read"' William T., " for William G., and "' W. T. Lincoln " for William F. 

Page 468. read " Orrin Baker " for Owen Baker. 

Page 484, line 20, read " Council Bluffs " for Dakota. 

Page 476, read '" Marcy " for Mercy. 

Page 478, line 6th, read " 1761 " for 1861. 

Page 496, 2d line, leave out "Boston"; same page, read 4th line from bottom p;»ge 
■' near" for new. 

Page 498, 2d line from top, read "1792 " for 1702. 

Page 519, in the account of Levi and Isaac Woodward, read "• married " for the capital M. 

Page 566, i2th line, read "her family" for his family. 

Page 618, read " Parthenia" for Perthenia. 

Page 623, read " Parthenia " for Pathenia. 

Page 632, last line, read " Methodist Preacher " for teacher 

Page 659, 12th line, read " born 1831 " for 1871. 

Page 672, line 14, read " 1850 " for 1859. 

Page 743, read " Noel Conger " for Noah Conger; page following 770, read " 77I " for 
781 ; page following 872, read " 873 " for 783. 

Page 827. read " Reuben B. Heacock " for Reuben B. Hancock. 

Page 861, ^4th line, " TuUer " for I'uller. 

Page 889, " Brewer " for Brower. 

Page 894, " John Jr., 2d " for John Jr.. Son. 


" Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield 

Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke, 
How jocund did they drive their team a-field, 

How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke. 
Let not ambition mock their useful toil, 

Their homely joys and destiny obscure." 

The motives that prompted the author to attempt the com- 
pilation of a work of this nature were, that bein^ himself to 
the " manor born," and having enjoyed an intimate personal 
acquaintance with many of the early settlers of these towns, 
and knowing that very little had ever been said of them in any 
history that had been heretofore published, he felt that all 
former attempts of the historian to portray early tijnes 
and scenes were lacking in detail and did not accord to the 
brave pioneers of these towns the mead of pra'ise that their 
self-sacrificing labors and privations entitle them to, and he 
departs from the rule generally pursued by writers, of record- 
ing only the acts of those whom fortune or favor has raised to 
positions of prominence, and he feels that the lives and deeds 
of the pioneer, though their destiny may have been obscure, 
are worthy of being remembered and perpetuated upon the 
pages of history; for the pioneer, like the great forests that 
once surrounded his humble cabin, is passing awa)- ; onl)' here 
and there you find them, and soon, very soon, there will not 
one remain, and it is but a simple acti of justice to the living 
and an honor that we owe to the dead, who now rest from their 
toils on fields their hands helped to clear, that a record of their 
lives should be put into some tangible form and the multitude 
of facts in the possession of those who are yet with us be res- 
cued from oblivion, for soon these witnesses will pass away, and 
there will be none left to tell the story of the olden time. 


For this reason the author has undertaken the task of com- 
piling a vohime, and he finds that there has been an ahiiost 
endless amount of labor to collect and arrange facts and dates 
to incidents that transpired so many years ago, and much of it 
may appear commonplace and non-interesting to some, but the 
author belives that the task he has undertaken is a laudable 
one, and that the few pioneers now remaining and their de- 
scendants for generations to come, will be interested in the 
work, and will properly appreciate the undertaking. 

To the many who have aided him in this undertaking and 
were induced to, at his earnest request, he is under many obliga- 
tions, and though their names may appear elsewhere, in con- 
nection with articles contributed, still he takes pleasure in ren- 
dering a personal acknowledgment here : J. H. Plumb, Esq., of 
Westfield, Mrs. Stoddard of Iowa, S Gary Adams, Esq. of 
Buffalo, S. W. Soule, William H. Parkinson of Collins, Mrs. Sey- 
mour of Chautauqua, L. B. Cochran, Esq., Hon. C. C. Sever- 
ance, W. G. Ramson, Dr. G. G. Stanbro of Concord and L. D. 
Smith and Cyrus Rice of Sardinia, have placed him under a debt 
of gratitude. Of those who rendered valuable aid in soliciting 
subscriptions and encouraging him in his undertaking, he will 
ever remember the names of James Hopkins, Addison Whee- 
lock, Cyrus Rice, Welcome Andrews, Alden J. McArthur and 
many others. Christfield Johnson, Esq., author of the Centen- 
nial History of Erie county, courteously allowed him the free 
use of his book, and the first one hundred pages of this work 
are taken from his book, and Turner's History of the Holland 
Purchase. Nearly the whole of the remaining pages are original. 
The amount of matter in this volume in relation to the family 
histories of each of these respective towns will be accounted for 
by the number of subscriptions that the author has received in 
said towns to aid in the publication of this work. Of course a 
work of this nature, containing the amount of matter that this 
one does, must necessarily be expensive, and every page added 
must necessarily also increase the expense to be borne by the 
author who has to depend for the funds to defray the cost most 
entirely upon local patronage, and most certainly he cannot do 
as his inclinations would otherwise naturally lead him, if he 
were not confined to limited means, and in the present under- 


taking he wcnild feci himself am[jl\- rewarded if lie were to re- 
ceive the bare expense of preparing and publishing this work. 
But he is well aware nozo that the expense will far exceed all 
such hopes, and the author regrets too that there is a single 
thing omitted that will detract from the general interest of this 
volume, and yet he knows that there are names of those who 
were early identified with the settlement of these towns, whose 
histories would have been of interest and were worth)- of being 
preserved, that are now lacking, which can only be accounted 
for by the indifference of those who should have taken some 
interest in a work of this nature. 

Following appears the number of subscribers of each town, 
together with those who are not residents : 

Concord 260 

Collins 125 

North Collins 35 

Sardinia 65 

Buffalo and others localities ■ 80 

E. B. 


^\^^ /, 




Autobioijraphy of the Author. 

The author of this work was born on the ^ist thi)- of August, 
i8i8, on Townsend Hill, in the town of (Joncord, where he 
remained with his parents until after he was seventeen years of 
age. As soon as old enough, he was put to work to assist in 
clearing up a heavily-timbered farm ; and the scenes and inci- 
dents appertaining to pioneer life jjortrayed in the several 
articles in chapter xiv. of this work are from his own knowl- 
edge and experience. 

His education was principally obtained in the district school, 
on Townsend Hill, supplemented by a few terms at select 
school and Springville Academy. • 

The Winter after he was eighteen years of age, he taught a 
term of school, and the Spring following, he took Greeley's 
advice and went west. This was before the advent of railroads, 
and was quite an undertaking. The journey across the State 
of Michigan, and from Chicago to Racine, from Racine to 
Janesville, from Janesville to Galena, and from Galena to Ful- 
ton, a total distance of over six hundred miles, was made on 
foot. At that time, the prairies of Northern Illinois and 
Southern Wisconsin were unoccupied; the onl\- settlers to be 
found were located in or near the timber. Chicago at that 
time was a small town, whose buildings and improvements 
were confined to a narrow belt of dry land along the lake-shore 
and river-bank ; the ground back being low and covered with 
prairie-grass and water. Racine was a straggling little hamlet, 
and the city of Janesville was yet in embryo, its site being 
occupied by two or three small log farm-houses. He remem- 
bers stopping there a few days, and planting corn on the land 
where the city now stands. Beloit was named, but Freeport 
was unknown, and Galena was a very small village. The jour- 
ney for the last two days was made on a single meal. Fulton 
was surveyed and named, but contained but one log-house. 
He remained in Fulton two and a half years, putting up build- 
ings in the Summer, and getting out timber and cutting steam- 
boat wood in the Winter. He built the first frame-house in 
Fulton, and continued to work at the business until prostrated 
by sickness. 

When sufficiently recovered to travel, he returned to his 
native town, where for the next eleven years his time was 
divided between working at the carpenters' trade Summers, 
teaching school Winters, and attending to the duties of the 
office of Superintendent of Common Schools. 

In 1850, he went to the town of West Seneca, and invested 
in timbered land, which had formerly been a part of the Indian 
reservation. For the next fifteen years, this town and the ad- 
joining town of Elma was his home. During these }'-ears, he 
was quite extensively engaged in the wood, bark and lumber 
business. In 1852, while a resident of West Seneca, he was 
elected Justice of the Peace, and also town Superintendent of 
Common Schools. He was also chosen to represent them on the 
Board of Supervisors, in 1853-54-55. He afterward held the 
office of Justice of the Peace in the town of Elma. Since his re- 
turn to Concord, in 1865, he has worked at building several Sum- 
mers, and taught school occasionally Winters. For the last 
five years, his time has been principally spent in procuring 
facts and preparing this work. Since his return to Concord, he 
has been several times elected Supervisor, although the party 
with which he affiliates is in the minority ; and it is a source of 
gratification to know^ that wherever he has resided, he has, 
enjoyed the confidence of his fellow-townsmen. 




FROM 1534 TO 1655. 

George Cartier's Expedition — Champlain's Expedition — King James' Grant — 
Henry Hudson — French Traders — The Jesuits— Chaumonot and Bre- 
boeuf — Hunting Buffalo — Destruction of the Kahquahs and Eries — 
Seneca Tradition — French Account — Their Sysiem of Clans —Its Import- 
ance — Sachems and War-Chiefs — Method of Descent — Choice of 
Sachems — Family Relations. 

In the year 1534, forty-two years after the discovery of 
America, George Cartier, a French explorer sailed up the St. 
Lawrence to Montreal and took possession of all the country 
round about on behalf of the King of France, Francis the P'irst, 
and called it New France. 

He made some attempts to colonize, but in 1543 they were 
all abandoned, and for more than half a century no further 
progress was made. 

In 1603, the celebrated French mariner, Samuel Champlain, 
led an expedition to Quebec and made a permanent settlement 
there, and, in fact, founded the Colony of Canada. Montreal 
was founded soon after, and communication was comparatively 
easy along the course of the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, 
and, with a portage around the Falls, to Lake Erie. And 


mainly for this reason, the French fur traders and missionaries 
reached this region of country long before any other Europeans. 

In 1606, King James, of England, granted to an association 
of Englishmen called the Plymouth company, the territory of 
New England, but no permanent settlement was made until the 
9th day of November, 1620, when, from the historic Ma}'flower, 
the Pilgrim Fathers landed on Plymouth Rock. 

In 1628, Charles the F"irst, of England, granted a charter for 
the government of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. It 
included the territory between latitude 40° 2' and 44° 15' north, 
extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, making a colony a 
hundred and fifty-four miles wide and four thousand miles long. 
The County of Erie and Western New York were included 
within its limits. 

In 1609, the English navigator, Henry Hudson, while in the 
employ of Holland, discovered the river that bears his name, 
and the Hollanders established fortified trading posts on Man- 
hattan island and at Alban)% and commenced trading with the 
Indians. They also made an indefinite claim of territory west- 

All European nations at that time claimed title to lands in 
America by the right of discovery, and they granted them away 
to individuals and companies in small and large tracts, as they 
saw fit, when, as a matter of right and justice, their title was no 
better than was the title of that character we read of, to all the 
kingdoms of the world, which he offered to give Christ if he 
would fall down and worship him. 

In 1623, permanent Dutch emigration for agricultural pur- 
poses first began upon the Hudson river. 

In 1625, a few Catholic missionaries arrived on the banks of 
the St. Lawrence. 

About 1620, the first white men visited the country about the 
lower end of Lake Erie and the Niagara river ; the}' were French 
fur traders in search of furs. 

In 1626, Father De La Roche Daillon, a French missionary, 
visited the Neuter Nation and passed the winter preaching the 
gospel among them. The Neuter Nation occupied the countiy 
about the east end of Lake Erie and on both sides of the 
Niagara River. They had their villages in Canada and in Erie 

riiK jKsri r missk ixariks. 5 

count)'; there was one at or near the mouth of I'LiL(hteen-Mile 
creek, and perhaps others further west. Hut the south shore of 
Lake Erie was occupied principally by a tribe called the Eries. 
The French called the. tribe occupying the countrx- hereabouts 
the Neuter Nation, because they dwelt in peace with surround- 
ing tribes, but they were kno\\n among the other tribes as the 

The Jesuit missionaries, fired with unbounded zeal and unsur- 
passed valor, traversed the wilderness, holding up the cross 
before the bewildered pagans. They soon had flourishing sta- 
tions as far west as Lake Huron. One of these stations was St. 
Marie, near the eastern extremity of the lake, and it was from 
St. Marie that Fathers Breboeuf and Chaumonot set forth in 
November, 1640, to visit the Neuter Nation. They returned in 
the Spring, having visited eighteen Kahquah villages, but hav- 
ing met with very little encouragement among them. They 
reported the Neuter Lidians to be stronger and finer looking 
than the Hurons, and that their food and clothing were but little 
different ; that the}' had corn, beans and some other vegetables, 
and plenty of fish ; that they were much employed in hunting 
deer, bears, buffalo, beavers, wolves, wild-cats and other animals; 
that there was also an abundance of wild turkeys. They esti- 
mated the whole number of villages of the Neuter Nation at 
forty, and that the most eastern was but one day's journe}' from 
the country of the Senecas. The Senecas, when first \isited by 
the whites, had their villages east of the Genesee river. 

Up to this time, the Kahquahs had succeeded in maintaining 
their neutrality between the fierce belligerents on either side. 
What the cause of quarrel, if any, arose between the peaceful 
possessors of Erie county and the powerful confederates to the 
eastward, is entirely unknown ; but sometime during the next 
fifteen years, the Iroquois fell upon both the Kahquahs and the 
Eries and exterminated them, as nations, from the face of the 

The precise years in which these e\ents occurred are uncer- 
tain, and it is not known whether the Kahquahs or the Eries 
were first destroyed. French accounts go to show that the 
Neuter Nation were first destroyed ; while, according to Seneca 
tradition, the Kahquahs still dwelt here when the Iroquois 


annihilated the Eries; but it is certain that, somewhere between 
1643 and 1655, the fierce confederates of Central New York 
"put out the fires" of both the Kahquahs and the Eries. 

From the destruction of the Kahquahs down to the time the 
Iroquois sold to the Holland Land company (or, rather, to 
Robert Morris), they were, by right of conquest, the actual 
possessors of the territory composing the present County of 
Erie, and, a few years before the sale, the largest nation of the 
confederacy made their principal residence within the county. 
Within its borders, too, are still to be seen the largest united 
body of their descendants. For two hundred and thirty years, 
the Iroquois have been closely identified with the history of 
Erie county, and it is proper to give a short account of the 
interior structure of that remarkable confederacy. 

The name Iroquois was never applied by the confederates to 
themselves ; it was first used by the French. The men of the 
five nations called themselves He-do-no-saunee, which means 
literally " They form a cabin," describing in this expressive 
manner the close union existing between them. The Indian 
name just quoted is more liberally and more commonly ren- 
dered "The People of the Long House," which is more fully 
descriptive of the confederacy. 

The feature that distinguished the people of the Long House 
from all the world beside, and which, at the same time, bound 
together all these ferocious warriors as with a living chain was 
the system oi c/ans extending through all the different tribes. 

Many readers doubtless have often heard of the warlike suc- 
cess and outward greatness of the Iroquois confederacy, but one 
unacquainted with the inner league, which was its distinguish- 
ing characteristic, and without which in all probability have met 
at an early day with the fate of numerous similar alliances. 

The people of the Iroquois confederacy were divided into 
eight c/aHS, or families, the names of which were as follows: 
Wolf, Bear, Beaver, Turtle, Deer, Snipe, Heron and Hawk. 

Each clan formed a large artificial family modeled on the 
natural family. All the members of the clan, no matter how 
widely separated among the tribes were considered as brothers 
and sisters to each other, and forbidden to intermarry. This 
prohibition was strictly enforced b}' public opinion. 


The clan.bciiii^ thus tauL;lU from earliest infanc)' that tliey 
belonged to the same famil\-, a bond of the strongest kind was 
created throughout the confederac)-. Hie Oneida of the Wolf 
clan had no sooner appeared among the Cayugas than those of 
the same clan claimed iiim as their special guest, and admitted 
him to the most confidential intimac}'. The Seneca of the 
Turtle clan might wander to the country of the Mohawks at the 
further extremity of the Long House, and he had a claim upon 
his brother Turtles which they would not dream of repudiating. 

Thus the whole confederacy was linked together. If at any 
time there appeared a tendency toward conflict between the 
different tribes, it was instantly checked by the thought that 
if persisted in the hand of the Heron would be turned against 
Heron, and the hatchet of the Bear would be raised against 
his brother Bear, and the bow of the Beaver would be drawn 
against his brother Beaver. And so potent was the feeling 
that until the power of the confederacy was broken by over- 
whelming outside force, there was no serious dissension between 
the tribes of the Iroquois. Aside from the clan-system just 
described, which was an artificial invention expressly invented 
to prevent dissension among the confederates, the Iroquois 
league had some resemblance to the great American Union 
which succeeded it. The central authority was supreme on 
questions of peace and war, and on all others relating to the 
general welfare of the confederacy, while the tribes, like the 
states, reserved to themselves the management of their ordin- 
ary affairs. In peace, all power was confided to " Sachems," 
in war, to " Chiefs." The Sachems of each tribe acted as its 
rulers in matters which required the exercise of civil authority. 
The same rulers also met in congress to direct the affairs of the 
confederacy. There was, in each tribe, the same number of 
War-chiefs as Sachems, and these had absolute authority in 
time of war. But in a war-party the War-chiefs commanded 
and the Sachem took his place in the ranks. 

The congress always met at the council-fire of the Onon- 
dagas. The Senecas were unquestionably the most powerful 
of all the tribes, and as the\' were located at the western 
extremity of the confederac}-, they had to bear the brunt of 
war when it was assailed by its most formidable foes, who dwelt 


in that quarter. It would naturally follow that the principal 
War-chief of the league should be of the Seneca Nation, and 
such is said to have been the case. 

As among many other savage tribes the right of heirship was 
in the female line. Titles, as far as they were hereditary at all, 
followed the same law of descent. The child also followed 
the clan and tribe of the mother. Notwithstanding the modi- 
fied system of hereditary power in vogue, the constitution of 
every tribe was essentially republican. Warriors, old men, and 
even women, attended the council and made their influence 
felt. Neither in the government of the confederacy nor in the 
tribes, was there any such thing as tyranny over the people. 


FROM 1655 TO 1679. 

The Iroquois Triumphant— Obliteration of Dutch Power — French Progress — 
La Salle Visits the Senecas — Greenhalph's Estimates — La Salle on the 
Niagara — Building of the Griffin — It Enters Lake Erie — La Salle's Subse- 
quent Career — The Prospect in 1679. 

From the time of the destruction of the Kahquahs and 
Eries, the Iroquois went forth conquering and to conquer. 
This was probably the day of their greatest glory. They 
stayed the progress of the French into their territories; they 
negotiated on equal terms \\ith the Dutch and English, and 
having supplied themselves with the terrible arms of the pale- 
faces, they smote with direst vengeance whomsoever of their 
own race were unfortunate enough to provoke their wrath. 

At one period, the sound of their war cry was heard along 
the Straits of St. Marys and at the foot of Lake Superior. At 
another, under the walls of Quebec, where they defeated the 
Hurons under the eyes of the French. They spread the terror 
of their arms over New England — Smith encountered their 
warriors in the settlement of Virginia, and La Salle on the 
discovery of Illinois. They bore their conquering arms along 
the Susquehanna, the Allegheny and the Ohio, and farther 
south. In short, they triumphed on every side, save only 
where the white men came, and even the white man was for a 
time held at bay by their fierce confederates. 

In 1664 the English conquered New Amsterdam, and in 
1670 their conquest was made permanent. 

Charles the Second, then King of England, granted the 
conquered province to his brother James, Duke of York, from 
whom it was called New York. This grant comprised all the 
lands along the Hudson, with an indefinite amount westward, 
thus overlapping the previous grant of James the First, to the 
Plymouth company, and the boundaries of Massachusetts by 
the charter of Charles the First, and laying the foundation for 
a conflict of jurisdiction, which was afterward to have import- 
ant effects on the destinies of Western New York. 


By 1665, trading posts had been established by the French at 
Mackinaw, Green Bay, Chicago and St. Joseph. In 1669 La 
Salle, whose name was soon to be indissolubly united to the 
annals of Erie county, visited the Senecas with only two com- 
panions, finding their four principal villages from ten to twenty 
miles southerly from Rochester, scattered over portions of the 
present Counties of Monroe, Livingston and Ontario. 

In 1673, the Missionaries Marquette and Joliet, pushed on 
beyond the farthest French post and erected the emblems of 
Christianity on the shore of the Father of Waters. 

In 1677, Wentworth Greenhalph, an Englishman, visited all 
the F'ive Nations, finding the same four towns of the Senecas 
described by the companions of La Salle. Greenhalph made 
very minute observations counting the houses of the Indians 
and reported the Mohawk as having three hundred warriors, 
the Oneidas two hundred, the Onondagas three hundred and 
fifty, the Cayugas three hundred and the Senecas a thousand. 
It will be seen that the Senecas, the Guardians of the western 
door of the Long House, numbered, according to Greenhalph's 
computation, nearly as many as all of the other tribes of the 
confederacy combined, and other accounts show that he was not 
far from correct. 

In the month of January, 1679, a Frenchman of good 
family, Robert Cavalier de La Salle, arrived at the mouth of 
Niagara. He was one of the most gallant, devoted and ad- 
venturous of all the bold explorers, who under many different 
banners, opened the new world to the knowledge of the old. 
In 1678 he had received from King Louis a commission to 
discover the western part of New France. He made some 
preparations the same year and in the Fall sent the Seuer de 
La Motte and Father Hennepin (the priest and historian of 
the expedition) in advance to the mouth of the Niagara. As 
soon as La Salle arrived he went two leagues above the Falls, 
built a rude dock at the mouth of Cayuga Creek, in Niagara 
county and laid the keel of a vessel with which to navigate the 
Lakes. Hennepin distinctly mentions a small village of Sene- 
cas at the mouth of the Niagara, and it is plain from his whole 
narrative that the Iroquois were in possession of the country 
along the ri\er. 


The work was carried on throu<;h the Winter, and in the 
Sprin^^ the vessel was launched. It was a small vessel of sixty 
tons burthen, completely furnished with anchors, and other 
equipments, and armed with seven small cannon, all of which 
had been transported by hand around the cataract. The vessel 
was named the "Grififin," and there were thirt)--four men on 
board, all Frenchmen with a single exception. 

For several months the Griffin remained in the Niagara, 
between the place where it was built and the rapids at the head 
of the river. When all was ready, the attempt was made and 
several times repeated, to ascend' the rapids above Black Rock. 
At length on the 7th day of August, 1679, a favorable wind 
sprung up from the Northeast; all the Griffin's sails were set, 
and again it approached the rapids. A dozen stout sailors 
were sent ashore , with a tow-line, and aided with all their 
strength the breeze that blew from the North. Those efforts 
were soon successful; by the aid of sails and tow-line, the 
Griffin surmounted the rapids, and the pioneer vessel of these 
waters swept out on to the bosom of Lake Erie. As it did so, 
the priests led in singing a joyous Te Deum, and all the cannon 
were fired in a grand salute. On board that vessel was the 
intrepid La Salle, a man fitted to grace the salons of Paris, 
yet now eagerly pressing forward to dare the hardships of 
unknown seas and savage lands. 

A born leader of men, a heroic subduer of nature, the gallant 
Frenchman for a brief time passes along the border of our 
county and then disappears in the far West, where he was 
eventually to find a grave. 

There w^as Tonti, the solitary alien, amid the Gallic band 
exiled by revolution from his native Italy, who had been chosen 
by La Salle as second in command, and who justified the choice 
by his unswerving courage and devoted loyalty. There, too, 
was Father Hennepin, the earliest historian of these regions, one 
of the most zealous of all the zealous band of Catholic priests 
who at that period undauntedly bore the cross amid the fiercest 
pagans of America. 

This was the beginning of the commerce of the upper lakes 
and like many another first venture it resulted only in disaster 
to its projectors, though the harbinger of unbounded success by 


others. The (iriffin went to Green Bay where La Salle and 
Hennepin left it, and started on its return with'a cargo of furs, 
and was never heard of more. It is supposed that it sank in a 
storm and all on board perished. 

After the Grif^n had sailed. La Salle and Hennepin went in 
canoes to the head of Lake Michigan. Then, after building a 
trading post and waiting many weary months for the return of 
his vessel, he went, with thirty followers, to Lake Peoria, on the 
Illinois, where he built a fort and gave it the expressive name 
of " Creve Cceur," Broken Heart. But notwithstanding this 
expression of despair, his courage was far from exhausted, and 
after sending Hennepin to explore the Mississippi, he, with three 
comrades, performed the remarkable feat of returning to Fort 
Frontenac on foot, depending on their guns for support. 

From Fort Frontenac he returned to Creve Coeur, the garri- 
son of which had in the meantime been driven away by the 
Indians. Again the indomitable La Salle gathered his follow- 
^ ers, and in the fore part of 1682 descended the Mississippi to 
the sea, being the first European to explore any considerable 
portion of that mighty stream. He took possession of the 
country in the name of King Louis the Fourteenth, and called 
it Louisiana. 

Returning to France, he astonished and gratified the Court 
with the story of his discoveries, and in 1684 was furnished with 
a fleet and several hundred men to colonize the new domain. 
Then everything went wrong ; the fleet, through the blunders 
of its naval commander, went to Mattagorda bay, in Texas ; the 
store ship was wrecked ; the fleet returned ; La Salle failed to 
find the mouth of the Mississippi ; his colony dwindled away, 
through desertion and death, to forty men, and at length he 
started with sixteen of these on foot to return to Canada for 
assistance. Ere he reached the Sabine he was murdered by two 
of his followers and left unburied on the prairie. France knows 
him as the man who added Louisiana to her empire ; the Mis- 
sissippi valley reveres him as the first explorer of its great river, 
but by the citizens of this county he will best be remembered 
as the pioneer navigator of Lake Erie. 

TIIK Kki:( ri(>\ ol" lOKT MACAkA. 13 


De Nonville's Assault — Origin of Fort Niagara — La Honlan's Expedition — The 
Peace of Ryswyck — Queen Anne's War — The Iroquois Neutral — The 
Tuscaroras — Joncaire — Fort Niagara Rebuilt — French Power Increas- 
ing — Successive Wars — The Line of Posts— The Final Struggle — The 
Expedition of D'Aubrey — The Result — The Surrender of Canada 

For the next forty-five years after the adventures of La 
Salle, the French voya<^eurs traded and the missionaries labored, 
and their soldiers sometimes made incursions, but thev had no 
permanent fortress this side of Fort Frontenac (Kingston, 

In 1687, the Marquis de Nonville, Governor of New France, 
came with an army and attacked the Senecas at their village 
near Avon and Victor, and after giving battle the Senecas fled. 
De Nonville destroyed their stores of corn and retired to Lake 
Ontario, and then sailed to the mouth of the Niagara, where he 
erected a small fort on the east side of the river. This was the 
origin of Fort Niagara, one of the most celebrated strongholds 
in America, and which, though a while abandoned, was after- 
wards for a long time considered the key of Western New York. 

Detroit was founded by the French in 1701 ; other posts were 
established far and wide. 

About 17 12, an important event occurred in the histor}- of the 

The Five Nations become Six Nations. The Tuscaroras, a 
powerful tribe of North Carolina, had become involved in a 
w^ar with the whites, originating, as usual, in a dispute about 
land. The colonists being aided by several other tribes, the 
Tuscaroras were soon defeated, many of them killed, and many 
others captured and sold as slaves. The greater part of the 
remainder fled northward to the Iroquois, who immediately 
adopted them as one of the tribes of the confederacy. 

Not long after this, one Chabert Joncaire, a Frenchman, who 
had been captured in \-outh by the Senecas, who had been 


adopted into their tribe, and had married a Seneca wife, but 
who had been released, was employed by the French authorities 
to promote their interests among the Iroquois. Pleading his 
claims as an adopted child of the nation, he was allowed by the 
Seneca Chiefs to build a cabin on the site of Lewiston, which 
soon became a center of French influence. 

About 1725, the French began re-building Fort Niagara on 
the site where De Nonville had erected his fortress ; this was 
their stronghold for many years. To this, and forts that were 
already built, they added Presque Isle (now Erie), Venango 
(Franklin, Pa.), and Fort Du Quesne, on the site of Pittsburgh, 
designing to establish a line of forts from the Lakes to the Ohio, 
and thence down that river to the Mississippi. 

Frequent detachments of troops passed through along this 
line. Their course was up Niagara to Buffalo, thence either by 
bateaux up the lake or on foot along the shore to Erie, and 
thence to Venango and Du Quesne. Gaily-dressed French 
officers went to and fro ; dark-gowned Jesuits traveled back and 
forth receiving the respect of the red men even when their 
creed was rejected. 

In 1756, war was again declared between England and France, 
being their last great struggle for supremacy in the New World. 
More frequently sped the gay officers and soldiers of King 
Louis from Quebec, and Frontenac, and Niagara — now in 
bateaux, now on foot, along the western border of our county. 

At first the French were everywhere victorious. Braddock, 
almost at the gates of Fort Du Quesne, was slain, and his army 
cut in pieces. 

Montcalm captured Oswego. The French line up the lakes 
and across to the Ohio was stronger than ever; but, in 1758, 
William Pitt became Prime Minister, and then England flung 
herself in dead earnest into the contest ; that year Fort Du 
Quesne was captured by an English and provincial army. Fort 
Frontenac was seized by Colonel Bradstreet. The cordon was 
broken, but Fort Niagara still held out for F'rance. In 1759, 
still heavier blows were struck. Wolfe assailed Quebec, the 
strongest of all the French strongholds. 

Almost at the same time General Prideaux, with two thous- 
and British and Provincials, accompanied by Sir William Johnson 


with his faithful Iroquois, sailed up Lake Ontario and laid 
siege to Fort Niagara. Defended by only six hundred men, 
its capture was certain unless relief could be obtained. Its 
commander was not idle. Once again along the Niagara and 
up Lake Erie, and away through the forest, sped his lithe red- 
skinned messenger, to summon the sons and the allies of 
France. D'Aubrey at Venango heard the call and responded 
with his most zealous endeavours. Gathering all the troops 
he could from far and near, stripping bare with desperate 
energy the little French forts at the west, and mustering every 
red man he could persuade to follow his banner to set forth to 
relieve Niagara. 

Thus it was about the 20th of July, 1759, that the largest 
European force which had yet been seen in this region at any 
one time, came coasting down the lake from Presque Isle, past 
the mouth of the Cattaraugus and along the shores of Brant and 
Evens, and Hamburgh, to the foot of the lake. Fifty or sixty 
batteaux bore near a thousand Frenchmen on their mission of 
relief, while a long line of canoes were freighted with four 
hundred of the dusky warriors of the west. 

History has preserved but a slight record of this last struggle 
of the French for dominion in these regions, but it has rescued 
from oblivion the names of D'Aubrey, the commander, De 
Lignery, his second, of Monsieur Marini, the leader of the 
Indians, and of Captains De Villie, Pepentine, Martini and 

The Seneca warriors, snuffing the battle from their homes 
on the Genesee and beyond, were roaming restlessly through 
Erie and Niagara counties and along the shores of the river, 
uncertain how to act, more friendly to the French than the 
English, and yet unwilling to engage in conflict with their 
brethren of the Six Nations. 

D'Aubrey led his flotilla past the site of Buffalo and past 
Grand island and only halted on reaching the shores of Navy 
island. After staying there a day or two, to communicate with 
the fort, he passed over to the main land and marched forward 
to battle. But Sir William Johnson, who had succeeded to 
the command on the death of Prideaux, was not the kind of 
man likely to meet with the fate of Braddock. Apprised of 


the approach of the French, he retained men enough before 
the fort to prevent an outbreak of the garrison, and stationed 
the rest in an advantageous position on the east side of the 
Niagara, just below the whirlpool. After a battle an hour 
long the French were utterly routed, several hundred being 
slain on the field, and a large part of the remainder being cap- 
tured, including the wounded D'Aubrey. 

On the receipt of this disastrous news, the garrison at once 
surrendered. The control of the Niagara river, which had 
been in the hands of the French for over a hundred years, 
passed into those of the English. For a little while the 
French held possession of the fort at Schlosser, and even 
repulsed an English force sent against it. Becoming satisfied, 
however, that they could not withstand their powerful foe, 
they determined to destroy their two armed vessels laden with 
military stores. They accordingly took them into an arm of 
the river separating Buckhorn from Grand island, at the very 
northwesternmost limit of Erie county, burned them to the 
waters' edge and sunk the hulls. 

Soon the life-bought victory of Wolfe gave Quebec to the 
triumphant Britons. Still the French clung to their colonies 
with desperate but failing grasp, and it was not till September, 
1760, that the Marquis de Vaudreuil, the Governor-General of 
Canada, surrendered Montreal, and with it Detroit, Venango, 
and all the other within his jurisdiction. This surrender was 
ratified by the treaty of peace between England and France 
in February, 1 763, which ceded Canada to the former power 
and thus ended the long- contest. 




Pontiac's League — The Seneca's Hostile — The Devil's Hole — Battle Near Buf- 
falo — Treaty at Niagara — Bradstreet's Expedition — Israel Putnam — Lake 
Commerce — Wreck of the Beaver — Tryon County. 

The celebrated Indian Chief Pontiac, united several western 
tribes against the British soon after their advent. In May, 
1763, the league surprised nine out of twelve English forts and 
massacred their garrisons. Detroit, Pittsburgh and Niagara 
alone escaped surprise and each successfully resisted a siege. 
There is no positive evidence, but there is little doubt that the 
Senecas were involved in Pontiac's league and were active in 
their attack on Niagara. 

In the September following occurred the awful tragedy of 
the Devil's Hole, when a band of Senecas, of whom Honaye- 
wus, afterwards celebrated as Farmers Brothers, was one and 
Cornplanter probably another, ambushed a train of English 
army wagons, with an escort of soldiers, the whole numbering 
ninety-six men, three and a half miles below the Falls, and 
massacred every man except four. 

A few weeks later, on the 19th of October, 1763, there 
occurred the first hostile conflict in Erie county, of which 
there is any record, in which white men took part. It occurred 
probably at or near Black Rock. Si.x hundred British soldiers, 
under one Major Wilkins, were on their way in boats to rein- 
force their comrades in Detroit. A hundred and sixty of them, 
who were a half mile astern of the others, were suddenly fired on 
by a band of Senecas in a thicket on the shore. So close was 
their aim that thirteen men were killed or wounded at the first 
fire. Yihy soldiers landed and attacked the Indians. Three 
more soldiers were killed and twelve badh- wounded. It does 
not appear that the Indians suffered near as heavily as the 

In the Summer of 1764, General Bradstreet, with twelve hun- 
dred British and Americans came bv water to Fort Niagara. 


accompanied by the indefatigable Sir William Johnson. A grand 
council of friendly Indians was held at the fort, among whom 
Sir William exercised his customary skill, and satisfactory treaties 
were made. But the Senecas held aloof, and were said to be 
meditating a renewal of the war. At length General Bradstreet 
ordered their immediate attendance, under penalty of the 
destruction of their settlements. They came, ratified the treaty 
and thenceforward adhered to it pretty faithfully, notwithstand- 
ing the peremptory manner in which it was obtained. In the 
meantime a fort had been erected on the site of Fort Erie, the 
first ever built there. 

In August, Bradstreet's army increased to nearly three thou- 
sand men, came up the river and proceeded up the south side of 
the lake, for the purpose of bringing the western Indians to 
terms, a task which was successfully accomplished without blood- 
shed. (The journey was made in open boats rigged with sails.) 
Now there was peace for awhile. The British coming up the 
Niagara usually landed at Fort Erie, where a post was all the 
while maintained, and going thence in open boats to Detroit, 
Mackinaw and other western forts. 

The commerce of the upper lakes consisted of supplies for the 
military posts, goods to trade with the Indians and furs received 
in return. The trade was carried on mostly in open boats, pro- 
pelled by oars, with the occasional aid of a temporary sail. 
There were, however, at least two or three English trading ves- 
sels on Lake Erie before the Revolution. One, called the 
Beaver, is known to have been lost in a storm, and is believed 
by the best authorities to have been wrecked near the mouth of 
Eigteen-Mile creek, and to have furnished the relics found in 
that vicinity b)' early settlers. 

All the western part of the Colony of New York was nomin- 
ally a part of Albany county up to 1772. In that year a new 
county was formed embracing all that part of the colony west 
of the Delaware river, and of a line running northeastward from 
the head of that stream through the present Count}' of Scho- 
harie, thence northward along the east line of Montgomer)', 
Fulton and Hamilton counties, and continuing in a straight line 
to Canada. It was named Tryon in honor of William Tr\'on, 
then the Royal Governor of Ne\\' York. Guy Johnson, Sir 


William's nephew and son-in-law, was the earliest " first Judge" 
of the Common Pleas, with the afterward celebrated John But- 
ler as one of his associates. Sir William Johnson, an able mili- 
tary commander and Indian agent long in the employ of the 
British government, died suddenly, at Johnstown, near the 
Mohawk in 1774. Much of his influence over the Six Nations 
descended to his son, Sir John Johnson, and his nephew. Col. 
Guy Johnson. The latter became his successor in the ofifice of 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs. 



Four Iroquois Tribes Hostile — The Oswego Treaty — Scalps — Brant — Guien- 
gwahtoh — Wyoming — Cherry Valley — Sullivan's Expedition — Senecas 
Settle in Erie County — Gilbert Family — Pence. 

In 1775, the Revolution began. Tlie new Superintendent 
made good his influence over all of the Six Nations except the 
Oneidas and Tuscaroras. John Butler established himself at 
Fort Niagara and organized a- regiment of Tories, known as 
Butler's Rangers, and he and the Johnsons used all their influ- 
ence to induce the Indians to attack the Americans. The Sen- 
ecas held aloof for a while, but the prospect of both blood and 
pay was too much for them to withstand, and in 1777 they, in 
common with Cayugas, Onondagas and Mohawks, made a treaty 
with the British at Oswego, agreeing to serve the King through- 
out the war. 

Fort Niagara became, as it had been during the French war 
the key of all this region, and to it the Iroquois constantly 
looked for support and guidance. Their raids kept the whole 
frontier for hundreds of m.iles in a state of terror, and were 
attended by the usual horrors of savage warfare. 

Among the celebrated Iroquois Chiefs in the Revolution was 
Theyendenega (or Joseph Brant), a Mohawk, and Guiengwah- 
toh and Honayewus (or Farmer's Brother), Cornplanter, and 
Governor Blacksnake, of the Senecas. 

The slaughter and devastation in the \\'\-oming valley, in 
Pennsylvania, and the massacre at Cherry Valley, in the State 
of New Yot"k, and other events of a similar kind on a smaller 
scale, induced Congress and Cieneral Washington to send an 
army against the Six Nations in the Summer of 1779. General 
Sullivan, the commander, marched up the Susquehana to Tioga 
Point, where he was joined by a brigade under Gen. James 
Clinton (father of DeWitt Clinton), and then with a force of 
about 4,000 men, moved up the Chemung to near the site of 
Klmira- There Colonel Butler, with a small body of Indians 

THK SKNF.CAS IX l-.RIK (■()rNI\'. 21 

and Tories, x'ariousK' estimated at from six lumdred to fifteen 
hundred men, had thrown up intrenchments, and a battle was 
foui^ht. Butler was defeated, retired with considerable loss, and 
made no further resistance. Sullivan advanced and destroyed 
all the Seneca villages on the Genesee and about Cieneva, burn- 
iuL;- wii^wams and cabins, cuttint;^ down orchards, cuttint:^ up 
<;"rowin;^ corn and utterl)' clewistatins^ the country. 

The Senecas fled in great disma\' to fort Niagara. The 
Onondaga village had iti the meantime been destroyed by 
another force, but it is plain that the Senecas were the ones 
who were chiefly feared, and against whom the vengeance of 
the Americans was chiefly directed. After thoroughly lading 
waste their country, the Americans returned to the east. 

The Senecas had not only cornfields, but gardens, orchards 
and sometimes comfortable houses. They were the most pow- 
erful and warlike of all the Six Nations, but their spirits were 
much broken by this disaster. It was with difficult}' that the 
British authorities procured sufficient rations to sustain the 
Indians through the severe Winter of 1779-80, at Niagara. 

As Spring approached the English made earnest efforts to 
reduce the expense, by persuading the Indians to make new- 
settlements and plant crops. 

In the Spring of 1780, a considerable body of Senecas came 
up from Fort Niagara and established themselves on Buffalo 
Creek, about four miles above its mouth. This as far as known 
A\as the first permanent settlement of the Senecas in Erie 
county. They had probably had huts here to use while hunt- 
ing and fishing, but no regular villages. In fact, this settle- 
ment of the Senecas in the Spring of 1780, was probably the 
first permanent occupation of the count}' since the destruction 
of the Neuter Nation, a hundred and thirty-five years before. 
The same Spring another band located themselves at the 
mouth of the Cattaraugus. 

The Indians who settled on Buffalo creek brought with them 
several members of a Quaker family b}' the name of (iilbert 
who had been captured a few months prexious on the borders 
of Pennsylvania. After the war, this family published a narra- 
tive of their capti\'it}', which gives valuable information regard- 
ing this period of our history. 


Immediately on the arrival of the Indians the squaws began 
to clear the land and prepare it for corn, while the men built 
some log huts and then went out hunting. In the beginning of 
the Winter of 1780-81, two British officers. Captain Powell and 
Lieutenant Johnston, came to the settlement on Buffalo creek 
and remained until toward Spring. They were probably sent 
by the British authorities at Fort Niagara to aid in putting the 
new settlement on a solid foundation. They made strenuous 
efforts to obtain the release of Rebecca and Benjamin, two of 
the younger members of the Gilbert family, but the Indians 
were unwilling to give them up. This Lieutenant Johnston 
afterward located at Buffalo, and was known to the early settlers 
as Capt. William Johnston. It must have been about this time 
that Johnston took unto himself a Seneca wife, for his son, 
John Johnston, was a young man when Buffalo was laid out, in 
1803. Captain Powell had married Jane Moore, a girl who, 
with her mother and others of the family, had been captured at 
Cherry Valley. 

Captain (afterwards Colonel) Powell is frequently and honor- 
ably mentioned in several accounts as doing everything in his 
power to ameliorate the condition of the captives among the 
Indians. Through his influence and exertions, several of the 
Gilbert family were released from captivity and sent to Mon- 
treal. In the Spring of 1781, Captain Powell was sent to dis- 
tribute provisions, hoes and other implements among the 
Indians. At the distribution, the Chiefs of every band came 
for shares, each having as many sticks as there were persons 
in his band, in order to insure a fair division. In October, 
1 78 1, Cornwallis surrendered, and thenceforth there were no 
more active hostilities. 

Rebecca Gilbert and Benjamin Gilbert, jr., were released the 
next year. This appears to have been managed by Colonel 
Butler, who, to give him his due, always seemed willing to 
befriend the captives, though constantly sending out his sav- 
ages to make new ones. Not until the arrangements were all 
made did the Indians inform Rebecca of her approaching 
freedom. With joyful heart she prepared for the journey, 
making bread and doing other needful work for her captors. 

PEACK l••()RM.\I.I.^■ DKCl.ARKI). 23 

Then by canoe and on foot she aiid her brother were taken to 
Fort Niai^ara, and, after a conference, the last two of tlie ill-fated 
Gilbert family were released from captivity in June, I7<S2. 

In the fall of 1783, peace was formally declared between 
Great Britain and the revolted colonies henceforth to be 
acknowledt^ed by all men as the United States of America. 



The Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1784 — Phelps and Gorham's Purchase in 17S8 — 
Council at Buffalo Creek in 178S — Phelps' Large Mill Site on the Genesee 
River — Robert Morris — The Holland Land Company— Treaty of 1826 — 
Treaty of 1842 — Buffalos and Buffalo Creek. 

In October, 1784, a treaty was made at Fort Stanwix (Rome) 
between three Commissioners of the United States and the 
Sachems of the Six Nations. 

The eastern boundary of the Indian lands does not seem to 
have been in dispute, but the United States wanted to extin- 
guish whatever claim the Six Nation: might have to the west- 
ern territory, and also to keep open the right of way around the 
Falls of Niagara, which Sir William Johnston had obtained for 
the British. 

In 1788, Massachusetts sold all her land in New York, about 
six million acres, to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham act- 
ing on behalf of themselves and others, for one million dollars, 
in three equal annnal payments, the purchasers being at liberty 
to pay in certain stocks of that State, then worth about twenty 
cents on the dollar; the purchase was subject to the rights of 
the Indians. 

Phelps procured the calling of a council at Buffalo Creek, 
which met July 5, 1788. Phelps had secured the influence of 
Butler, Brant, and other influential persons, and the proceed- 
ings were very harmonious. The east line of this purchase ran 
from Pennsylvania due north to Lake Ontario and crossing 
•Seneca lake ; the west line ran from Avon south, along the 
Genesee river to the mouth of Canaseraga creek, thence due 
south to the Pennsylvania line. This was " Phelps and Gorham 
purchase." It included about two million six hundred thousand 
acres, for which they paid five thousand dollars in hand, and five 
hundred dollars annually for e\^er; this was about equal to half 
a cent an acre. During the negotiations, Phelps suggested that 
he wanted to build some mills at the falls of the Genesee (now 
Rochester), which would be very convenient for Indians as well 
as whites; and he wished the Indians to give him a mill site 


and the necessary aiiKHint ()f land to l;<) with it. The red men 
thought mills woidd be a good thing, and their white brotlier 
should have a mill-site — how much land did he want for this 
purpose? Phelps replied that he thought a strip about twelve 
miles wide, extending from Avon to the mouth of the river, 
tw^enty-eight miles, would be about right. The Indians thought 
that a pretty large mill-site, but they gave him the land. The 
mill-site contained about two hundred thousand acres. 

The adoption of the Federal constitution had caused a great 
rise in Massachusetts stocks, so that Phelps and Gorham were 
unable to make the payments they had agreed on and Massa- 
chusetts released them from their contract as to all the land 
except that to which they had extinguished the Indian title, to 
wit, " Phelps and Gorham Purchase;" of that the State gave 
them a deed in full. 

Massachusetts then sold the released lands in five tracts to 
Robert Morris, the merchant prince of Philadelphia, and the 
celebrated financier of the revolution. ' The easternmost of 
these tracts Mr. Morris sold out in small parcels. The remain- 
ing four constituted the " Holland Purchase." Mr. Morris sold 
it by conveyances made in 1792 and 1793, to several Ameri- 
cans, who held it in trust for a number of Hollanders, who, 
being aliens, could not hold it in their own name at that time. 
These Hollanders were known as the Holland company after- 
wards. In September, 1797, a council was held at Geneseo, at 
which Robert Morris bought of the Indians the whole of the 
remaining Seneca lands in New York, except eleven reserva- 
tions of various sizes. 

At a council held in August, 1826, the Senecas ceded to the 
Ogden compan)- thirt)--three thousand six hundred and thirty- 
seven acres of the Buffalo Creek reservation, thirty-three 
thousand four hundred and nine acres of the Tonawanda reser- 
\-ation, five thousand one hundred and twent}' of the Catta- 
augus reser\^ation, besides one thousand fi\e hundred acres in 
the Genesee valley. 

From the Buffalo Creek reser\-ation, a strip a mile and a half 
wide was sold off on the north side commencing at a point 
one and one half miles east of where the Cayuga creek crossed 
the reservation line in the town of Chautauqua, thence to the 

26 THE ( ;attakau(;us reservation. 

east end of the reservation, also a strip three miles wide across 
the east end. And finally a strip a mile wide extending the 
whole length of the south side of the reservation called the 
" Mile Strip." 

Of the Cattaragus reservation, there was ceded in Erie 
county a strip six miles long and a mile wide from the north 
side called the " Mile Strip," and a mile square called the 
" Mile Block," south of the east end of that strip. Both are 
in the present town of Brant. 

In the year 1838, the Ogden company made strong efforts 
to obtain possession of all the Indian lands in Western New 
York. A treaty was made and sanctioned by the President and 
ratified by the Senate to accomplish that object. The Indians 
were to receive nearly two million acres of land in Kansas, 
and a considerable amount of money in exchange for their 
reservation. But the facts brought to light in regards to the 
means used to obtain the signatures of some of the chiefs 
caused so much popular feeling, and the determination of 
the Indians was so strong not to go west, that the company 
did not try to remove them. 

In May, 1842, a new agreement was made by which the 
Ogden company allowed the Senecas to retain the Cattaraugus 
and Allegany reservations and the Indians gave up the Buffalo 
creek and Tonawanda tracts on condition of receiving their 
proportionate value. This was satisfactory to the Buffalo 
Creek Indians, but not to those on the Tonawanda reservation. 
Arbitrators duly chosen decided that the proportionate value 
of the Indian title to those two reservations was seventy-five 
thousand dollars, and that of the improvements on them fifty- 
nine thousand dollars. They also awarded the portion of the 
fifty-nine thousand dollars due to each Indian on the Buffalo 
creek reservation, but could not do it on the Tonawanda one, 
because the inhabitants of the latter refused to let them come 
on the reservation to make an appraisal. After some two years 
one of the claimants undertook to expel one of the Tonawanda 
Indians by force, whereupon he sued him and recovered judg- 
ments, the court deciding that the proper steps had not been 
taken to justify the claimant's action. 

Finally to end the controversy the United States Govern- 


ment bought the claim of the O^den Company to the Tona- 
wanda Reservation and gave it to the Indians residing there. 
They now hold it by the same title by which white men own 
their lands, except that the fee is in the whole tribe and not in 
any individual members. 

Meanwhile the Buffalo Indians quietly received the money 
alloted to them and after a year or two allowed them for prep- 
aration, they in 1843-4 abandoned their reservation. Most 
of them joined their brethren on the Cattaraugus reserva- 
tion, some went to that on the Allegany, and a few removed 
to lands allotted them in Kansas. 

The treaty of Fort Stanwix was the first public document 
containing the name of Buffalo creek, as applied to the stream 
which empties into the foot of Lake Erie. The narrative of 
the Gilbert family, published just after the war, was the first 
appearance of the name in writing or printing. 

The question has been often debated, whether the original 
Indian name was "Buffalo" creek. This almost of necessity 
involves the further question, whether the buffalo ever ranged 
on its banks; for it is to be presumed that Indians would not 
in the first place have adopted that name, unless such had 
been the case. 

Numerous early travelers and later hunters, mention the 
existence of buffalo in the vicinity, or not far away. A strong 
instance is the account of the Missionaries Chaumonot and 
Breboeuf, which declares that the Neuter Nation, who occu- 
pied the County of Erie, and a portion of Canada across the 
Niagara river were in the habit of hunting the buffalo, together 
with other animals. 

Mr. Ketchum in his history of " Buffalo and the Senccas," 
says that all the oldest Senecas in 1820, declared that buffalo 
bones had been found within their recollection, at the salt licks 
near Sulphur Springs. The same authorities produce evidence 
that white men had killed buffaloes within the last one hundred 
and twenty years, not only in Ohio, but Western Pennsylvania. 
Albert Gallatin who was a surve}'or in Western Virginia in 
1784, declared in a paper published by the American Ethno- 
logical Society, that they were at that time abundant in the 
Kenhawa \'alle\-, and that he had for eight months lived 


principally on their flesh. This is positive proof and the Kenhawa 
valley is onl)' three hundred miles from here and oni\- one hun- 
dred miles further west, and is as well wooded a country as this. 

The narrative of the Gilbert family is very strong evidence 
that from the first the Senecas applied the name of Buffalo to 
the stream in question. Although the book was not published 
until after the war, yet the knowledge then given to the public 
was acquired in 1 780, '81 and '82. At least six of the family 
were among the Senecas on Buffalo, creek. Some of them 
were captives for over two years, and must have acquired con- 
siderable knowledge of the language. It is utterly out of the 
question that they could all have been mistaken as to the name 
of the stream on which they lived, which must have been con- 
stantly referred to by all the Senecas in talking about their peo- 
ple domiciled there, as well as by the scores of British ofificers 
and soldiers with whom the Gilberts came in contact. 

If then the Neuter Nation hunted buffalos across in Canada 
in 1640, if they were killed by the whites in Ohio and Penn- 
sylvania within the last century, if Albert Gallatin found them 
abundant on the Kenhawa in 1784, if the old Senecas of 1820 
declared they had found their bones at the salt licks, and if the 
Indians called the stream on which they settled in 1780, Buffalo 
creek, there can be no reasonable doubt that they knew what 
they were about, and did so because that name came down 
from former times when the monarch of the western prairie 
strayed over the plains of the county of Erie. 


C H A P r E R VII. 


King James' Grant — Grant of Charles [. — Conflicting Claims — Phelps and 
(jorham's Purchase — Sale to Robert Morris. 

James the b'irst, Kin<;" of Great Britain, in the year 1620, 
granted to the Ph'inouth company a tract of countr\' called 
New Ent;iand. This tract extended through several degrees of 
latitude north and south, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific 
ocean, east and west. 

Charles the First, in 1663, granted to the Duke of York and 
Albany the province of New York, including the present State 
of New Jersey. The tract thus granted extended from a line 
twenty miles east of the Hudson river westward indefiniteh'. 

By these grants, each of the colonies (afterward states) laid 
claim to the jurisdiction as well as to the pre-emption right of 
the same land, including a portion of the State of New York, 
and a tract farther west sufficiently large to fornj several states. 

The State of New York, how^ever, in 1781, and Massachu- 
setts in 1785, ceded to the United States all their rights, both 
of jurisdiction and of proprietorship, to all the territor)' l}'ing 
west of the meridian line running south from the westerly end of 
Lake Ontario. This left about twenty thousand square miles 
of territory in dispute, but this controversy was finall\- settled 
by a convention of commissioners appointed by Massachusetts 
and New York, held at Hartford, Conn., on the i6th day of 
December, 1786. 

According to the stipulation entered into by the convention 
Massachusetts ceded to the State of New York all her claim to 
the government, sovereignt}' and jurisdiction of all the terri- 
tory lying west of the present east line of the State of New- 
York, and New York ceded to Massachusetts the pre-emption 
right or fee of the land, subject to the title of the Indians, of 
all that part of the State of New York lying west of a line 
beginning at a point in the north line of Pennsylvania, eighty- 
two miles west of the northeast corner of said state, and 


running from there due north through Seneca lake to Lake 
Ontario ; excepting and reserving to the State of New York a 
strip of land east of and adjoining the eastern bank of Niagara 
river, one mile wide, and extending its whole length (called the 
state mile strip). The land, the pre-emption right of which 
was thus ceded, amounted to about six millions of acres. 

In April, 1788, Massachusetts contracted to sell to Nathaniel 
Gorham and Olivier Phelps, of said state (who were acting for 
themselves and their associates), their pre-emption right to all 
the lands in Western New York, amounting to about six 
million acres, for the sum of one million dollars, to be paid in 
three annual installments, for which a kind of scrip Massa- 
chusetts had issued, called consolidated securities, was to be 
received, which was then in the market much below par. 

In July, 1788, Messrs. Gorham and Phelps, purchased of the 
Indians, by a treaty at a convention held at Buffalo creek, the 
Indian title to about two millions six hundred thousand acres of 
the eastern part of their purchase from Massachusetts. This 
purchase of the Indians being bounded west by a line running 
due south from the mouth of Canaseraga creek to the Pennsyl- 
vania line, and northerly from the mouth of said creek along 
the waters of the Genesee river to a point two miles north of 
Cannawagas village, thence running west twelve miles, thence 
running northwardly so as to be twelve miles distant from the 
west side of said river to the shore of Lake Ontario. 

On the 2 1st day of November, 1788, the State of Massachu- 
setts conveyed and forever quitclaimed to Gorham and Phelps, 
their heirs and assigns forever, all the right and title of said 
state to all that tract of country of which Messrs. Phelps and 
Gorham had extinguished the Indian title. This tract, and 
this only, has since been designated as the " Phelps and Gor- 
ham purchase." 

Messrs. Phelps and Gorham, who had paid about one-third 
of the purchase money of the whole tract purchased by Massa- 
chusetts, in consequence of the rise of the value of Massach- 
setts consolidated stock (in which the payments for the land 
were to be received) from twenty per cent, to par. were unable 
further to comply with their engagements on their part and 
Massachusetts commenced suits on their bonds. After a long 


negotiati()n between the parties, the v\ hole transaction relative 
to the purchase of those land was settled and finally closed on 
the loth day of March, 1791, Phelps and Gorham relinquished 
to Massachusetts that portion of the land since known as the 
"Holland Purchase" and the "Morris Reserve," and Massa- 
chusetts relinquished to the said Phelps and Gorham their 
bonds for the payment of the purchase money therefor. 

The whole of said lands, released by Phelps and Gorham to the 
State of Massachusetts, as above stated, were sold by said state, 
to Robert Morris on the i ith day of May, 1791, in five different 
deeds. The first deed included all the land on said tract l>'inij 
east of a meridian line beginning at a point in the north line of 
Pennsylvania, twelve miles west of the southwest corner of 
Phelps and Gorham's tract and running due north to Lake 
Ontario, supposed to contain about five hundred thousand 
acres. The above tract took the name of " The Morris 
Reserve." from the fact that he retained that tract in the sale 
which he afterwards made to the Holland company. 



Historical Deduction of the Holland Company's Title — A Curious Fact — 
Indian Council at Geneseo — Indian Reservation^Joseph Ellicott the 
Principal Surveyor — Other Surveyors — The Transit Instrument — Run- 
ning the East Transit Line — Running the Mile-Sirip Line a ong the 
Niagara River — Buffalo Creek — Williamsburg — "Transit Store House" 
— The First Wagon Track on the Holland Purchase— Buffalo in 179S — 
First Crops Raised on the Holland Purchase —The Three Taverns 
Located — The First Woman on the Holland Purchase. 

The last four tracts described in the conveyances of the 
land purchased of Massachusetts, by Robert Morris, were con- 
veyed by him, by four separate deeds, as follows: First deed 
from Robert Morris and wife, to Herman Le Roy and John 
Linklaen, for one and a half million acres, dated December 24, 
1 792. Second deed from Robert Morris and wife, to Herman Le 
Roy, John Linklaen and Gerrit Boon for one million acres, 
dated February 27, 1793. Third deed from Robert Morris and 
wife, to Herman Le Roy, John Linklaen and Gerrit Boon, for 
eight hundred thousand acres, dated July 20, 1793. Fourth 
deed from Robert Morris and wife, to Herman Le Ro}% William 
Bayard and Matthew Clarkson, for three hundred thousand 
acres, dated July 20, 1793. 

These tracts were purchased with the funds of certain gen- 
tlemen in Holland, and held in trust b\' the several grantees 
for their benefit, as they, being aliens, could not purchase and 
hold real estate in their own names, according to the then 
existing laws of the State. After several changes in the trus- 
tees, and transfers of portions of the land, sanctioned b}' the 
Legislature, the whole tract was conveyed by the trustees, by 
three separate deeds to the Holland compan\', or rather to the 
individuals in their own names, composing three separate 
branches of the company. 

Although these deeds of con\'e\'ance were given to three 
distinct companies of proprietors, their interests were so closely 
blended, several ot the same persons, having large interests in 
each of the three different estates; they appointed one general 

'11 1 1'-. DITCH I'kol'RIKl'okS. 33 

agent for the whole, who manaj^ed the coneerns of the tract 
generally, as though it belonged to the same proprietors, 
making no distinction which operated in the least on the settlers 
and purchasers, but sinii)l\- keeping the accounts of each separate, 
when practicable, and apportioning /n^ /v^/c?, all expenses when 
blended in the same transaction, for the benefit of the whole. 
The general agent likewise appointed the same local or resident 
agent for the three companies owning this tract in Western 
New York. The onl)- difference between its consisting of one 
or more tracts discernable by the purchaser of lands, was, in 
executing contracts or conveyances, the agents used the names 
of the respective proprietors of each tract. Under this state 
of things, we shall denominate the whole of the proprietors 
holding under these three deeds, "The Holland Company," 
and the lands conveyed by those deeds the "Holland Purchase.'' 
It is a curious fact that when the Dutch proprietors were par- 
celing out the tract among the three different branches of the 
company, it was mutually agreed among the whole, that 
Messrs. Wilhem Willink, Jan Willink, Wilhem VVillink the 
younger, and Jan Willink the younger, should have three 
hundred thousand acres, located in such part of the whole tract 
as they should select. In making their selection they located 
their three hundred thousand acres in nearl)- a square form, in 
the south-east corner of the tract, for the reason that it was 
nearest Philadelphia, the residence of their general agent. 
This selection contained the territory now comprising the towns 
of Bolivar, Wirt, Friendship, the east part of Belfast, (ienesee, 
Clarksville and Cuba, in Allegany county; Portville and the 
east parts of Ischua and Hinsdale, in Cattaraugus county. 
This location will give the reader who is acquainted with the 
geography of the country, some idea of the knowledge, or 
rather want of knowledge, of the Dutch proprietors, of the 
situation and relative advantages of the different portions of 
their vast domains. 

This sale by Robert Morris to the Holland company was 
made before the Indian title to the land was extinguished, 
accompanied by an agreement on his part to extinguish that 
title, with the assistance of the company, as soon as practicable ; 
therefore at a council of the Seneca Indi.uis, hekl at Geneseo, 




on the Genesee river, in the month of September, 1797, at which 
Jeremiah Wadsworth attended as commissioner for the United 
States, and William Shepherd as agent for Massachusetts, 
Robert Morris in fulfilment of his several contracts with the 
Holland company, and to other persons to whom he had sold 
land on this tract, acting by his agents, Thomas Morris and 
Charles Williamson, extinguished the Indian title to all the 
land, the pre-emption right of which he had purchased of Mas- 
sachusetts, except the following Indian reservations, viz ; The 
Cannawagus reservation, containing two square miles, lying on 
the west bank of Genesee river, west of Avon. Little Beard's 
and Big Tree reservations, containing together four square 
miles, lying on the west bank of the Genesee river, opposite 
Geneseo. Squakie Hill reservation, containing two square 
miles, lying on the north bank of the Genesee river, north of 
Mount Morris. Gardeau reservation, containing about twenty- 
eight square miles, lying on both sides of Genesee river, two 
or three miles south of Mount Morris. The Canadea reserva- 
tion, containing sixteen square miles, lying each side of, and 
extend eight miles along the Genesee river, in the county of 
Allegany. The Oil Spring reservation, containing one square 
mile, lying on the line between Allegany and Cattaraugus 
counties. The Allegany reservation, containing forty-two 
square miles, lying on each side of the Allegany river and 
extending from the Pennsylvania line northeaswardly about 
twenty-five miles. The Cattaraugus reservation, containing 
forty-two square miles, lying on each aide and near the mouth 
of the Cattaraugus creek, on Lake Erie. The Buffalo reserva- 
tion, containing one hundred and thirty square miles, lying on 
both sides of Buffalo creek, and extending east from Lake 
Erie about seven miles wide. The Tonawanda reservation, 
containing seventy square miles, lying on both sides of 
Tonawanda creek, beginning about twenty-five miles from 
its mouth, and extending eastwardly about seven miles wide ; 
and the Tuscarora reservation, containing one square mile, 
being about three miles east of Lcwiston on the Mountain 

Theophilus Cazenove, the general agent of the Holland 
company, resident at Philadelphia, in July, 1797, had engaged 

11 IK srK\ i:\' Co.MMKXCKI). 

Mr. loscpli ICllicott, as principal surveyor of the conii^any's 
lands in Western New York, whenever their title should be 
[jcrfected and possession obtained, and likewise, to attend the 
before-mentioned council, and assist Messrs. W. Bayard and J. 
Linklaen, who were to attend and act as assents for the corn- 
pan}' [sill) rasa) for the purpose of promoting- the interests of 
their principals in an\- treaty which mi<;ht be made with the 
Indians. Mr. Ellicott attended the council accordingly, and 
rendered valuable services to the purchasers. This period was 
the commencement of upwards of twenty years" re<;ular active 
service rendered by Mr. Ellicott to the Holland company, in 
conducting their affairs and executing laborious enterprises for 
their benefit. 

As soon as the favorable result of the proceedings of this 
council was known, Mr. Ellicott proceeded immediately to 
prepare for the traverse and survey of the north and northwest 
bounds of the tract. As soon as the necessary preparatory 
steps could be taken, Mr. Ellicott, as surveyor for the Holland 
company, and Augustus Porter, in the same capacity, for 
Robert Morris, for the purpose of estimating the quantity of 
land in the tract, started a survey at the northeast corner of 
Phelps and Gorham's tract, west of Genesee river, and trav- 
ersed the .south shore of Lake Ontario to the mouth of Niagara 
riv^er, thence up the eastern shore of Niagara river to Lake 
Erie, thence along the southeast shore of Lake Erie to 
the west bounds of the State of New York being a meridian 
line running due south from the west end of Lake Ontario, 
which had been previously established by Andrew Ellicott, 
Surveyor-General of the United States, assisted b\- Joseph 
Ellicott. All which was perfected by the middle of Novem- 
ber following. 

Before Mr. Ellicott left Western New York for Philadelphia, 
he contracted with Thomas Morris to deliver on the Genesee 
river or shore of Lake Ontario near the mouth of that river, 
one hundred barrels of pork, fifteen barrels of beef, and two 
hundred and seventy barrels of flour, for the supply of the 
surveyors and their assistants the ensuing season. Mr. Ellicott, 
at the request of the Agent-General, made a list of articles to 
be provided for the next .season's campaign, consisting of a 


diversity of articles, from pack-horses to horse-shoes, nails and 
gimlets — from tents to towels — from barle}' and rice to choco- 
late, coffee and tea, and from camp-kettles to teacups ; esti- 
mated to amount to $7,213.33. This statement, however, did 
not include medicine, " or wine, spirits, loaf-sugar, &c., for 
headquarters." Mr. EUicott likewise calculated the wages of 
surveyors and other hands, for six months of the next season, 
at $19,830. 

Although the great divisions of the Holland Purchase was 
intended to consist of townships six miles square, the division 
of the tract among the three sets of proprietors, the Indian 
reservations which were not included in the townships, as well 
as the offsets and sinuosities existing in most of the boundaries, 
prevented a large portion of the townships conforming to this 
standard. The townships are situated in ranges running from 
south to north. The townships in each range of townships 
beginning to number one at the south, rising regularly in 
number to the north, and the ranges of townships beginning 
to number one at the east, and proceeding regularly west, to 

The first plan of the Agent-General of the compan}-, relative 
to the subdivision of the townships, was to divide each town- 
ship, which was six miles square, into sixteen portions one and 
a half miles square, to be called sections, and each section 
again subdivided into twelve lots, each lot to be three-fourths 
of a mile long (generally north and south), and one-fourth of a 
mile wide, containing about one hundred and twent}' acres 
each ; presuming that a wealthy farmer would buy a section, 
whereon to locate himself and his progeny. Twenty-four 
townships were surveyed or commenced to be surveyed in con- 
formity to that plan, although the uniformity of the size and 
shape of lots was often departed from, where large streams, 
such as the Tonawanda, running through the townships, were, 
for convenience, made boundaries of lots. From experience, 
however, it was ascertained that, in the purchase of land, each 
individual, whether father, son, or son-in-law, would locate him- 
self according to his own choice or fancy. That this formal 
and regular division of land into farms, seldom was found to be 
in conformity to the topography of the country, nor to the 

■|"IIE SUR\ KNORS. 37 

different iXHjuireinents as to ciuaiitit}', likewise that tlie addition 
of sections to townships and lots, rendered the description of 
farms more complex, and increased the liability to err in defin- 
ing any particular location ; for which reasons, the practice of 
dividing townships in sections was abandoned, and thereafter, 
the townships were simply divided into lots of about sixty 
chains or three-fourths of a mile square, which could be divided 
into farms to suit the topography of the land and quantity 
required by the purchasers. In those townships which the sur- 
veys had commenced to divide into sections, and not com- 
pleted, the remaining sections were divided into four lots only 
of three-fourths of a mile square each. These lots conse- 
quently contained about three hundred and sixty acres each, 
but could not be laid off exactly uniform in shape and area, for 
the same reason heretofore given in a note, why the townships 
could not be laid off exactly uniform. 

Early in the Spring of 1788, Mr. Ellicott dispatched Adam 
Hoops, jr., a nephew of Major Adam Hoops, from Philadelphia, 
to Western New York, with general powers to prepare for 
opening the approaching campaign of surveying the Holland 
Purchase, and to co-operate with Augustus Porter, who had 
previously been engaged to procure horses, employ hands, and 
transport stores from the places of their delivery by the con- 
tractor, Mr. Morris, to the places where they would be required 
for consumption. 

The principal surve)^ors engaged during the active season of 
1798, in township, meridian line and reservation surveys, and in 
lake and river traverses, were as follows: Joseph and Benjamin 
Ellicott, JohnTompson, Richard M. Stoddard, George Burgess, 
James Dewey, David Ellicott, Aaron Oakford, jr., Augustus 
Porter, Seth Pease, James Smedly, William Shepherd, Geo. 
Eggleston. In addition to these, were two P'renchmen, MM. 
Haudecaur and Autrechy, who were employed in some surveys 
of Niagara river and the Falls. The last were rather engineers 
than surveyors. Mr. James Brisbane, then in his minority, 
came from Philadelphia, with Mr. Tompson, as clerk and store- 

Mr. Ellicott and his assistants having arrived on the territory, 
his first business was to ascertain and correctly establish the 

38 Till-: "TRANSIT IXSTRrMKXr." 

c;ist line of the Purchase. He caused the PennsyKania Hne to be 
accurateh' measured from the southwest corner of Phelps and 
Gorham's purchase, on the eighty-second mile-stone, twelve 
miles west, and there erected a stone monument for the south- 
east corner of the Holland Purchase. The whole company 
was then divided into parties, to prosecute the undertaking to 
advantage. The principal surveyor, Joseph Ellicott, assisted 
by Benjamin Ellicott, one other surveyor and the requisite 
number of hands, undertook to run the eastern boundary line. 
The other surveyors, each with his c[uota of hands, were 
assigned to run different township lines. 

A line running due north from the monument established as 
the south-east corner by Mr. Ellicott, to the boundary line 
between the United States and the dominions of the King of 
Great Britain, in Lake (3ntario, according to the deeds of con- 
veyance from Robert Morris to the company, constitutes the 
east line of their purchase. To run a true meridian by the sur- 
veyor's compass Mr. Ellicott knew to be impracticable, he there- 
fore determined to run this line by an instrument, having for 
its basis the properties of the " Transit instrument " (an instru- 
ment made use of to observe the transits of the heavenly 
bodies), improved for this purpose by a newly-invented manner 
of accurately arriving at the same ; to effect this object, an 
instrument possessing all these qualities, was manufactured in 
Philadelphia by his brother, Benjamin Ellicott, as no instru- 
ment possessing all the qualities desired, was then to be found 
in the United States. 

This instrument had no magnetic needle attached to it, but 
its peculiar qualities and prominent advantages are, that by 
means of its telescopic tube and accurate manner of reversing, 
by it, a straight line can be correctly, and comparatively speak- 
ing, expeditiously run. But such an instrument, by reason of 
its magnifying powers, is as ill calculated to run a line through 
the woods and underbrush, as would be a microscope to observe 
the transits of the satellites of Herschel. Therefore it became 
necessary to cut a vista through the woods on the highlands 
and on level ground, sufficient!}' wide to admit a clear and 
uninterru})ted view. 

Mr, Ellicott having provided himself with such an instrument. 


caused the vista to be cut, some three or four rods wide, 
ahead of the transit instrument, in a north direction as indi- 
cated by the compass, which sometimes led the axmen more 
than the width of the vista from the meridian sought ; there- 
fore the true meridian hne, called the transit line, from the 
name of the instrument with which it was run, being of no 
width, runs sometimes on one side of the middle of the vista 
cut in advance, and sometimes on the other. 

Thus prepared with' a suitable instrument, Mr. Ellicott 
assisted by his brother, Benjamin Elllicott, together with sur- 
veyors and their assistants, established a true meridian line north 
from the corner monument, by astronomical observations, and 
pursued it with the transit instrument, taking new astronomical 
observations at different stations, to guard against accidental 

The progress in running this line was slow, as it could not be 
otherwise expected, considering the great amount of labor nec- 
essary to be performed in clearing the vista, and taking other 
preparatory measures, and, above all, the vast importance of 
having it correctly established, which rendered anything like 
precipitance or haste, an experiment too hazardous to be per- 
mitted. June 1 2th, the party on this line had advanced so far 
north, that they established their store-house at Williamsburg 
(about three miles south of the village of Geneseo), and soon after 
Mr. Ellicott made it his headquarters at Hugh M'Nair's, in that 
vicinity. On the 22d day of November, following, eighty-one 
and a half miles of the line was established, which brought them 
within about thirteen miles of the shore of Lake Ontario. The 
precise date of its completion is unknowns. 

This line defined the west bounds of Mr. Church's one hun- 
dred thousand acres, but passed through the Cotringer, Ogden 
and Cragie tracts, about two miles from their west boundaries, 
as described in the deeds of conveyance from Robert Morris to 
the several grantees ; but as their titles were of a later date than 
the conveyance to the Holland Company, no deviation from the 
first established meridian was made by Mr. Ellicott. 

On arriving at the south line of the one hundred thousand 
acre tract, conveyed by Robert Morris to Leroy Bayard and 
M'Evers, now called the Connecticut tract (the conveyance of 


which, from Robert Morris, claimed seniority over that to the 
Holland Company). Mr. Ellicott found that his meridian inter- 
sected the south line of that tract, one hundred and sixty-six 
chains thirty links east of its southwest corner, on which he 
moved his position that distance to the west, from which point 
he ran the transit due north to Lake Ontario. 

Although the eastern bank of the Niagara river had been 
traversed, the east bounds of the New York mile strip had not 
been ascertained, and the state would participate in it no 
further than to give the proprietors of the land adjoining, to 
wit : the Holland Company liberty to run the line at their own 
expense, and if so run as to be approved by the Surveyor Gen- 
eral of the state, it should be established as permanently located, 
and passed a law to that effect. This was undoubtedly the 
most difficult piece of surveying ever performed in the state. 

At the north end where the river disembogued itself into the 
lake, at almost right angles with its shores, there could no 
doubts arise, but at the south end of the straits or river, a dif- 
ferent state of things existed, Lake Erie narrowed gradually and 
became a river ; where the lake ends and the river begins may 
be considered a difficult question, but it was finally agreed 
between the parties interested, the river should be deemed to 
extend to where the water was one mile wide and there cease ; 
the line of the strip east of this point extending to the shore 
of Lake Erie, on an arc of a circle of one mile radius, the center 
being on the eastern bank at the termination of the lake and 
head of the river, giving to the strip all the land lying within 
a mile of the river, whether east or south. 

For this arc of the circle, which could not be practically run, 
a repetition of short sides, making a section of a regular poly- 
gon, was substituted. Seth Pease, a scientific surveyor and 
astronomer, was engaged in the fall of 1788, to run this line, 
who executed the survey in a masterly manner, and to the satis- 
faction of all the parties concerned. 

During the year 1799 and 1800, few events transpired relative 
to the settlement of the Holland Purchase, which require a cir- 
cumstantial detail, or would admit of one which would be inter- 
esting to the reader. The surveyors and their assistants, under 
the direction of their principal, Joseph Ellicott, continued the 

CAl'l'. WILLIAM J( )II\S'r( )\. 41 

same stead}- routine of encamping in the woods, pitchinL( their 
tents, transportini,^ provisions, surveyin^r lines and striking their 
tents and removing to new positions ; and although at times 
many individuals, undoubtedly, suffered pain and endured hard- 
ships, such incidents must have been caused by accidental 
occurrences, unforeseen events or carelessness and imprudence 
in themselves or their companions, as the well-supplied coffers 
of the company, accompanied by their liberality, furnished 
sufficient means, and the provident care of Mr. Ellicott kept 
their storehouses well supplied with the best kind of provisions 
for that service, as well as other necessaries and many of the 
comforts of life. 

This might be seen from Mr. Ellicott's catalogue of items 
for the outfit of the first campaign, and its cost, heretofore 
referred to, which was adopted and its contents provided. 

(3f those events, however, the following deserve notice: 

The Indian treaty of 1797, in which the Indian title to the 
Holland Purchase was extinguished, except to certain reserva- 
tions, as has been before stated, prescribed the quantities con- 
tained in, and general shape and location of each reservation, 
leaving the precise locations of the boundary lines to be deter- 
mined thereafter. 

The Indians reserved 200,000 acres, one indefinite portion of 
which was to be located on Buffalo creek, at the east end of 
Lake Erie, and the remainder on Tonawanda creek. 

As the New York reservation excluded the Holland com- 
pany's land from the waters of Niagara river, and from the 
shore of Lake Erie one mile southerly from the river, it became 
very important to the company to secure a landing place and 
harbor at the mouth of Buffalo creek, and sufficient ground 
whereon to establish a commercial and manufacturing village 
or city. 

Capt. William Johnston, an Indian trader and interpreter, 
settled himself at the mouth of Buffalo creek at an early period 
under the auspices of the British government, and remained 
there until the Holland company had effected their purchase. 
His dwelling house stood south of Exchange and east of Wash- 
ington streets. Captain Johnston had procured of the Indians, 
by gift or purchase, two square miles of land at the mouth of 


Buffalo creek, including a large portion of the territory on 
which now stands the City of Buffalo. He had also entered 
into an agreement with the Indians which amounted to a life 
lease of a certain mill site and the timbered land in its vicinity, 
on condition of supplying the Indians with all the boards and 
plank they wanted for building at and near the creek. This 
site was about six miles east of the mouth of the creek. Al- 
though Johnston's title to this land was not considered to have 
the least validity, yet the Indians had the power and the inclina- 
tion to include it within their reservation, unless a compromise 
was made with Johnston, and, taking into consideration his influ- 
ence with them, the agents of the company concluded to enter 
into the following agreement with him, which was afterwards 
fully complied with and performed by both of the parties : 

Johnston agreed to surrender his right to the said two square 
miles and use his influence with the Indians to have that tract 
and his mill site left out of their reservation, in consideration 
of which the Holland company agreed to convey by deed to 
said Johnston, 640 acres, including the said mill site and adja- 
cent timbered land, together with forty-five and one-half acres, 
being part of said two square miles, including the buildings and 
improvements, then owned by Johnston, four acres of which 
were to be on the "point." 

These lands, as afterward definitely located, were a tract of 
forty-one and a half acres, bounded : north, by Seneca street, 
west by Washington street, and south by the Little Buffalo 
creek ; the other tract was bounded, east by Main street, south- 
westerly by the Buffalo creek, and northwesterly by Little 
BulTalo creek, containing about four acres. 

This matter will again be referred to, in connection with 
some further notice of early events in Buffalo. 

Mr. Ellicott, before leaving Philadelphia — in the time that 
intervened between his appointment and his departure — was 
activel}^ engaged in making all the necessary preparations for 
the campaign. David Rittenhouse, the eminent American 
philosopher, was then of the firm of Rittenhouse & Potts, 
mathematical and astronomical instrument makers, in Philadel- 
phia; orders were given for compasses, chains and staffs — all 
things in their line necessary to surveyors' outfits. Letters 

i)i;i'.\Kri'i<i-. iRoM i'iiii.Ai)i:i.nii.\. 43 

were written to AuL;ustus Porter, at Canandait;ua, to have 
ready such provisions, pack horses, axe-nien and chain-men, as 
lie had been ordered to provide; to Thomas Morris, at the 
same place, recjuestin^ his promj^t performance of some agen- 
cies that had been entrusted to him; to different persons at 
New York, iVlbany, h'ort Schu)der and Oueenston, containing 
orders to facilitate the transportation of stores and aid the sur- 
veying [)arties in getting upon the ground, and in supplying 
themselves with all things necessary for going into the woods. 
All things requisite were remembered and provided for. Clark 
and Street, at Chippewa, were ordered to have read\- two yoke 
of oxen and a stout lumber wagon (that was undoubtedly the 
pioneer ox team upon the Holland Purchase, other than such 
as had been used upon the portage); even axe-handles and 
tent-poles were not forgotten. 

To each principal surveyor or sub-agent starting from Phila- 
delphia or elsewhere, written orders were issued what route to 
pursue, where to first rendezvous, where to draw his supplies 
and where to commence operations. P'ormulas were made out 
for each surveyor prescribing definitely the manner of his 
duties, of marking lines, keeping field notes and generally 
embracing all the minuta,' of his operations. It was as if the 
general of an army was acting as his own commissary and put- 
ting a force into the field, distributing it and making all things 
ready for a campaign, and the records of our war department 
would hardly furnish better examples of systematic and well 
ordered enterprises. 

Embraced in these preliminary proceedings, was a corre- 
spondence with Mr. Williamson, in reference to a road from 
the west branch of Susciuehaiinah to the " Genesee country ;" 
and with the Surveyor-General of this state in reference to the 
laying out of towns at Lewiston and Fort Schlosser. 

Mr. Ellicott arrived at Canandaigua on the 12th of June, 

The reader will best be enabled to catch glimpses of early 
events — those that attended the surveys and preceded land 
sales and the commencement of settlement — by occasional 
references to and extracts from his correspondence, the only 
existing records. 


A letter from Mr. Thompson to Mr. Ellicott, dated Buffalo 
Creek, states the stores had all arrived safely at Schlosser. 
except what had been left with Mr. Brisbane, at the " Chene- 
see" river; that Mr. Hoops, who had arrived in advance of 
him, had gone on to "Chetawque," where he had been joined 
by Mr. Stoddard ; that he himself was engaged in getting 
" axes ground and handled, and in sundry other things, prepara- 
tory to going to the woods." 

Letters followed this very soon, by which it would seem 
that the camp was erected at "Chautauqua Creek," and all 
things prepared for active operation as early as the 19th of 

Messrs. Smedley and Egleston were located at Buffalo 
Creek with surveying parties. In a letter to Mr. Ellicott, writ- 
ten from there, under date June 27th, Mr. Egleston says the 
goods have arrived, and that the " family in the house on the 
hill" are about to move out to make room for the surveyors. 
Mr. Ellicott, it would seem, had arrived at Schlosser. Antici- 
pating his arrival at Buffalo, Mr. Egleston very providently 
suggests that he had better bring with him room boards to 
make a mapping table, as there were none to be had in their 
new location, " Mr. Winne having carried off those that were in 
the partition." 

The first principal stations of the surveyors — their head- 
quarters or depots — were at Buffalo Creek and Williamsburgh ; 
before the close of 1798, however, the principal establishments 
were located at the Transit Line (Stafford, the locali^ty desig- 
nated as "Transit Storehouse"). 

Mr. James Brisbane, moving his quarters from Williams- 
burgh, continued as the principal Clerk or Agent. 

While upon the purchase, in 1798. Mr. Flllicott's time was 
principally spent at Buffalo Creek, Williamsburgh, and upon 
the Transit Line. 

In the Spring of 1798, when the surveys of the Holland Pur- 
chase first commenced, all the travel between the Phelps and 
Gorham tract and Buffalo was an old Indian trail. The Win- 
ter previous, however, the Legislature of this State passed an 
act appointing Charles Williamson a Commissioner to la}- out 

Bn-'IAI.o IN ITS I'.Akl.N' D.WS. 45 

and open a State road from C'anncwagus on Genesee river to 
Buffalo Creek on Lake Krie and to Lewiston, on the Niagara 

To defra\' the ex]:)ense of cutting;- out these roads, the Hol- 
land Compan}' subscribed fi\'e thousand dollars. Mr. William- 
son laid out and established the roads in 1798, generally 
adhering" to the course of old Indian trails; but they were not 
opened throughout according to contract, under his superin- 
tendence. The first wagon track opened upon the Holland, was by Mr. Ellicott, as a preliminary step in com- 
mencing operations, early in the season of 1798. He employed 
a gang" of hands to improve the Indian trail, so that wagons 
could pass upon it, from the east transit to Buffalo creek. 

In 1 801 he opened the road from transit line as far west as 
Vandeventer's". The whole road was opened to LeRoy before 
the close of 1802. But little reference can be had to the order 
of time in noting the events of this period; up to the period 
of the commencement of land sales and settlements, our 
sketches must necessarily be desultory. 

Mr. Brisbane first saw Buffalo in October, 1798. There was 
then the log house of Middaugh and Lane — a double log house 
— about two squares from Main street, a little north of the 
present line of Exchange street. Captain Johnston's half log 
and half framed house, stood a little east of the main building^ 
of the present Mansion House, near Washington street. There 
was a two-story hewed log house, owned by Captain Johnston, 
about where Exchange street now is, from six to eight rods 
west of Main street, where a tavern was kept by John Palmer. 
Palmer afterwards moved over to Canada and kept a tavern 

Asa Ransom lived in a log house west of Western Hotel. 
Winne had a log house on . bank of Little Buffalo, south of 
Mansion House. A Mr. Maybee, who afterwards went to 
Cattaraugus, kept a little Indian store in a log building on west 
side of Main street, about twenty rods north of Exchange 
.street. There was also a log house occupied by a man named 

The flats were open ground ; a portion of them had been 
cultivated. Such was Buffalo, and all of Buffalo in 1798. 


The first crojis raised upon the Holland purchase, were at 
the transit store house. In the spring of 1799, Mr. James 
Dewey was waiting there with a gang of hands, to start upon a 
surveying expedition as soon as the weather would permit. At 
the request of Mr. Brisbane, he cleared ten acres upon either 
side of the present road, twenty rods west of the Transit, which 
was mainly sowed with oats ; though some potatoes and garden 
vegetables were planted. The early tavern keeper there — Mr. 
Walthers — reported by letter to Mr. Ellicott, that the yield 
was a good one, and fully demonstrated the goodness of the 
soil of the region he was surveying for a settlement. 

In the summer of 1799, there not being a house on the road 
from the eastern Transit line to Buffalo, Mr. Busti, the agent 
general of the company, authorized Mr. Ellicott by a letter 
dated June ist, 1799, to contract with six reputable individuals 
to locate themselves on the road from the eastern Transit to 
Buffalo creek ; about ten miles asunder, and open houses of en- 
tertainment for travelers, at their several locations, in considera- 
tion of which they were to have a quantity of land, from fifty 
to one hundred and fifty acres each ; " at a liberal time for pay- 
ment, without interest, at the lowest price the company will 
sell their lands, when settlements shall be begun." 

Three persons accepted of this offer, to wit : Frederick Wal- 
thers who was then residing on the land, took one hundred and 
fifty acres in township number twelve, range one, west of and 
adjoining the eastern Transit, including the Company's store 
house, and being where the village of Stafford now stands. Asa 
Ransom located himself Sept. ist, 1799, on one hundred and 
fifty acres in township number twelve, range six. at what is 
now known as Ransom's Gro\e or Clarence Hollow. Garrett 
Davis located himself Sept. 16, 1799, in township number thir- 
teen, range two, on one hundred and fifty acres, on the south 
line of said township; (the Buffalo road then run through the 
reservation, some distance north of its present location.) These 
lots were severally laid out and surveyed for the purchasers, 
before the several townships in which they are located were 
surveyed. These three persons erected and furnished comfort- 
able houses for the purposes intended, as soon as practicable ; 
which although not as splendid, yet were more eagerly sought. 

rill-. 1'1()m:i;i< womiix. 47 

and cheerfully cnj(i}'ccl b)- the forest traxeler and land explorer 
than any of the " Astor Mouses," " Americans," or " Mansions" 
of the present day. 

With the exceptions of those residint:^ at Buffalo, Mrs. Gar- 
rett Davis and Mrs. Walthers, were the pioneer women upon 
the Holland Purchase. In 1800, Asa Ransom and Garrett 
Davis raised summer crops, which were second to those raised 
at the Transit store house the vear before. 

4<S a(;exts of the Holland (■o^^^\^'v 


Biographical Sketches or Agents of the Holland Company, and others. 

Theophilus Cazenove. 

He was the first agent of the Holland Company ; but little 
is known of his personal histor}^- When the company made 
their first purchases of land in this state and Pennsylvania, soon 
after 1790, he had arrived in this country, and acted as their 
agent. In all the negotiations and preliminary proceedings 
connected with the large purchase of Mr. Morris, of this region, 
the interest of the company were principally confided to him 
His name is intimately blended with the whole history of the 
title. When the purchase was perfected, he was made the 
general agent, and under his auspices the surveys commenced. 

In all the embarrassments that attended the perfection of the 
title, he would seem to have been actuated b}' honorable and 
praise-worthy motives, and to have assisted with a good deal 
of ability, the legal managers of the compan\-'s interests. He 
returned to Europe in 1799, ending then his connection with 
the company. He resided for a considerable period after this 
in London, after which he lived in Paris, where he died. 

Paul Bustl 

He was a native of Milan, in Italy; was born on the 17th of 
October, 1749. After receiving his education in his native 
country, he entered the counting-house of his uncle, in Amster- 
dam, where he afterwards established himself in business, mar- 
ried, and acquired a high reputation for business talents, indus- 
try and integrity. 

About retiring from commercial life and connected with one 
who was interested in the Holland Company purchase, he was 
induced to accept the general agency at Philadelphia, in the 
place of Mr. Cazenove; and most faithfully and satisfactorily 
did he perform its duties for a period of 24 years, up to the day 
of his death, July 23, 1824. He left no children. 

The original proprietors — the eleven who constituted the 

I'AUi. ijus'ii. 49 

priniitix'c Hollaiul Company, were merchants in the City of 
Amsterdam (then in the RepubHc of Batavia). They had little 
of the spirit of speculation ; had acquired wealth by careful 
investments and fair profits. They had spare capital and wished 
to invest it ; their highest anticipations were perhaps a realization 
of something near the per cent, interest which was generally 
fixed upon money in this country, instead of the then low per 
cent, money yielded in Europe. And here it may be remarked, 
that considering the period of investment — 1792 and 1793, — 
but ten years after the close of the Revolutionary war — these 
Dutch merchants were far in advance of the prevailing senti- 
ment in Europe, as to the success and permanency of the experi- 
ment of free government. We should respect their memories 
for such an earnest, at that early period, of confidence in the 
stability of our system. 

Mr. Busti's agency, as will be observed, commenced before 
the completion of surveys and the opening of sales ; conse- 
quently it was under his auspices that settlements began. In 
his early instructions to Mr. Ellicott, he proposed liberal meas- 
ures — seems to have started on the basis that the interests of 
his principals and the interest of the settlers were mutual. 
While he guarded strictly and with rigid economy the one, his 
views and munificence were liberal in reference to the other. 

Mr. Ellicott acted under general instructions from him as to 
the opening of roads, building of mills and public buildings; 
but when he advised, as he often did, additional measures of 
improvement or increased outlays, he was quite sure to be sec- 
onded by his principal. 

Next to Mr. Ellicott Mr. Busti was more closely identified 
with the settlement of the Holland purchase than any other 
individual. His administration of the general agency, embraced 
almost the entire period of pioneer settlement. The records of 
the company furnish conclusive evidence of clear judgment, 
great integrity of purpose and a disposition to promote the 
interests of the wild region he was aiding to settle and improve. 

Joseph Ellicott. 
No man has ever, perhaps, been so closely identified with the 
history of any region, as he is with the history of the Holland 

50 j')si:i'ii Kr.Licoir. 

rurcliasc. He was not onl}- the land-ag^cnt, superintending 
from the start, surve\-s and settlement — exercising locally, a 
one-man-power and influence — but for a long period, he was far 
more than this. In all the early years of settlement, especially 
— in all things hax'ing reference to the organizing of towns, 
counties, erection of public buildings, the la\'ing out of roads, 
the establishment of post-offices — in all that related to the 
prosperit}' and convenience of the region over which his agency 
extended, he occupied a prominent position, a close identity, 
that few, if any, patrons of new settlements have ever attained. 

As early as 1770, Joseph Ellicott's father and his brothers 
purchased a tract of wild land on the Patapoca, in Maryland, 
and erecting mills and machinery, became the founders of what 
was long known as '• Ellicott's Mills," now, for the sake of 
brevity, termed " Ellicott's." 

Andrew, the eldest brother, became an eminent surveyor ; 
surveyed the Spanish boundary line under the administration 
of Mr. Jefferson : \\as afterwards Surveyor-General of the U. S.: 
and died the Professor of Mathematics at West Point, in 1 820 
or '21. 

Bexjamix, entered the service of the Holland Company at 
an early period, as the assistant of his brother Joseph. He 
was at an early period, one of the Judges of Genesee county, 
and a representative in Congress, from the district. He was 
a bachelor; died a resident of W'illiamsville, Erie count}-, 
in 1827. 

David, the )-ounger brother, a somewhat erratic genius, was 
in some of the earliest \-ears, a sur\e\-or upon the Purchase. 
He went south and no tidings ever came of him. 

There were five sisters, three of whom married three brothers 
by the name of Evans. In this circumstance, the reader will 
find the explanation of the numerous heirs of Joseph Ellicott. 
bearing that name. 

Joseph Ellicott's earh* lessons in surveying, were gi\-en him 
by his elder brother, Andrew. His first practical surveying, 
was as an assistant of his brother, in the survey of the City of 
Washington, soon after that site had been selected for the 
national capital. In 1791, he was appointed by Timothy 
Pickering, then Secretary of War, to run the boundary line 

JOSEI'lI KL1.I(()|-|-. 51 

between Geoi-oiu and the Creek Indians. After completini;- this 
survey, he was employed by Mr. Cazenove, to survey the 
Holland Company's lands in Pennsylvania. 

This completed, he was engaged for a short time in Maryland, 
in business with his brothers, and then enlisted in the Holland 
Company's service in this region. 

The active years of his life were those, principally, inter- 
vening between the years 1790 and 1 821 — a period of about 
thirty years. At least ten or twelve years were spent in the 
arduous duties of a surveyor ; and when he left the woods and 
settled down in the discharge of his duties as local agent, his 
place was no sinecure, as the records of the of^fice will abund- 
antly testif)^ He was a man of great industry; careful, system- 
atic in all his business, and recjuired of all under his control a 
prompt and faithful discharge of all their duties. 

Jacob S. Otto. 

This gentleman was the successor to Mr. Ellicott in the local 
agency. He was previously a resident of Philadelphia ; had 
been engaged in mercantile and commercial pursuits. 

The period of his agency was from 1821 to his death, in 1826. 

It was during Mr. Otto's administration, that the plan of 
receiving cattle and grain from the settlers, that had previously 
been entertained, was effectually commenced. Depots were 
designated in different parts of the Purchase, for the delivery 
of wheat; where the settler could carry it, and have its value 
endorsed upon his contract. Agents were appointed to receive 
cattle. They advertised yearly, the times and places, when 
and where the cattle would be received, fixed upon their price, 
and endorsed it upon contracts. It was one among the 
measures of relief, and its operation was highly beneficial. 

David E. E\'ans. 
During the administration of Mr. Otto, Mr. Evans had been 
appointed as his associate, to give the incumbent the advantage 
of his long experience and familiarity with the details of the 
business. Yet he did not to any considerable degree partici- 
pate in the joint administration proposed, his time being chiefly 
occupied with his own private affairs, and the duties of a mem- 
ber of the Senate of this state. 

52 D.WIl) K. KNAXS. 

Upon the death of Mr. Otto, he entered upon tlie dischart^e 
of the duties of the local agency. Earl\- in life he had been 
a clerk in the office, under his uncle, Joseph Ellicott, and had 
for a long period occupied the desk of the cashier and accountant 
of the agency. Few, therefore, could have been more familiar 
with the wants, interest and welfare of the settlers. They were 
old, familiar acquaintances, and his interests were identified 
with theirs. 

It was during the second year of Mr. Evans' administration 
(in September, 1827,) that a general plan for the modification 
of land contracts was adopted. It was regarded at the time as 
a very decided measure of relief to the settlers, and its opera- 
tions were highh' beneficial to a very large class of the debtors 
of the Holland compan\'. 

Mr. Evans' agency continued until 1837. It embraced the 
large sales of the Holland company's interest ; in fact, before 
it closed the entire business and interests of the company had 
progressed nearly to a termination. 

Having served one term as State Senator, Mr. Evans had 
been elected a Representative in Congress at the period of Mr. 
Otto's death. He resigned to take upon himself the duties of 
the agency. 

R(^BERT Morris. 

A short biography of one eminently useful in our revolution- 
ary struggle is suggested by his after-identity with our local 
region. He was, as will have been seen, at one period the pro- 
prietor of the whole of Western New York west of Phelps and 
Gorham's purchase, by purchase from Massachusetts and the 
Seneca Indians. 

In the attempt of feeble colonies to throw off oppression 
there was work to be done in council as well as in the field — at 
the financier's desk as well as in the more conspicuous conflicts 
of arms. If raw troops called from the field and workshop 
were to be enrolled and disciplined, upon a sudden emergency 
provisions were to be made for their equipment and sustenance ; 
J^oth were tasks surrounded with difficulty and embarrassment; 
both required men and minds of no ordinary cast. Fortun- 
ately they were found. Washington was the chief, the leader 

RoiiKki' MORRIS — i:aki.n I. hi:. 53 

of our armies, the master-spirit that conducted the stru<j^le to 
glorious termination. Morris was the financier. The}' were 
heads of co-ordinate branches in a i^reat crisis, and e(|uall}- well 
performed their parts. 

Robert Morris was born in Lixerpool, in 1733. His father 
emif^rated to the United States in 1745, and settled at Port 
Tobacco, in Marylanci, en<^af^intr extensively in the tobacco 

Previous to the death of his father, Robert Morris had been 
placed in the counting-house of Mr. Charles Willing, an 
eminent merchant of Philadelphia, where he soon acquired a 
proficiency in mercantile afTairs that recommended liim as a 
partner of the son of his employer. 

When the first difficulties occurred between the colonies and 
the mother countr}-, though extensively engaged in a mercan- 
tile business that was to be seriously affected by it, he was one 
of other patriotic Philadelphia merchants who promoted and 
signed the non-importation agreement, which restricted com- 
mercial intercourse with Great Britain to the mere necessaries 
of life. 

When the news of the Battle of Lexington reached Philadel- 
phia, Mr. Morris was presiding at a dinner usuall}^ given on the 
anniversary of St. George. He participated in putting a stop 
to the celebration in honor of an English saint, and helped to 
upset the tables that had been spread. His resolution was 
fixed ; it was one of devotion to the cause of the colonies, and 
well was it adhered to. 

In 1775 and '76, he w^as a Member of Congress, and became 
a signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

When Washington had re-crossed the Delaware for the 
second time, in December, 1777, the time of service of nearly 
all the Eastern troops had expired. To induce them to engage 
for another si.x weeks, he promised a bounty of ten dollars 
each, and for the necessary funds applied to Mr. Morris. In 
the answer of Mr. Morris accompanying the sum of fifty 
thousand dollars, he congratulated the Commander-in-Chief 
upon his success in retaining the men, and assured him that 
" if farther occasional supplies of money are wanted you may 
depend upon m)' exertions either in a public or private capacity." 


In March, 1777, he was chosen, with l-5enjamin Franklin and 
others, to represent the Assembly of Pennsylvania in Congress, 
and in November following was associated with Mr. Gerry and 
Mr. Jones to repair to the army and confidentially consult with 
the Commander-in-Chief upon the best plan of conducting the 
Winter campaign. 

In August, 1778, he was appointed a member of the stand- 
ing Committee of Finance. 

The years 1778 and '79 were the most distressing periods of 
the war. The finances were in a wretched condition, and Mr. 
Morris not only advanced his money freely, but put in requisi- 
tion an almost unlimited individual credit. 

In 1781 (a period of despair), in addition to other contribu- 
tions of money and credit, Mr. Morris supplied the almost fam- 
ishing troops with several thousand barrels of flour. This timely 
aid came w^ien it was seriously contemplated to authorize the 
seizure of provisions wherever they could be found ; a measure 
which would have been unpopular with the whole country, and 
probably turned back the tide of public feeling flowing in favor 
of the Revolution. 

There is upon record a long catalogue of transactions simi- 
lar to those which have been related. Not only the Comman- 
der-in-Chief but Generals of divisions found Mr. Morris the 
dernier resort when money and provisions were wanted. To 
private means, which must have been large, and a large credit, 
he added astonishing faculties as a financier. When he had 
no other resources, he would compel others to use their money 
and credit. In financial negotiations, with him, to will a thing 
was to do it. 

He was appointed to the office of Financier, or what was 
equivalent to the now office of Secretary of the Treasury. 
Never, perhaps, in any country, was a minister of finance placed 
over a treasury, the conditions of which were worse. To use a 
phrase of the play-house, it was 

" Beggarly account of empty boxes." 

It had not a dollar in it and was two millions and a half in debt. 
Those who have seen Gen. Washington's military journal of the 
first of May, 1781, can form some idea of the condition of the 
army and the finances'. 

Ai'i'oiN ii:i) iiN.\\( ii;r. 55 

It was the proxincc of Mr. Morris to financier for Con<^rcss 
and a coiintr\- and cause in such a crisis. He be<^an by restor- 
in<;' credit and estabHshin^' confidence; promuli^ated the assur- 
ance that all his official enL^a^ements would be punctuall)' met, 
and j)ut in rccjinsition his ])ri\'ate means, the means of his 
friends, to fulfill the promises he iiad held out. When apprised 
of his ap|)ointment to the manat^ement of financial affairs, he 
replied : " In acceptini;; the office bestowed upon me, I sacrifice 
much of m\- interest, my ease, nn- domestic enjo\-ment and 
internal traiK[uilit)'. If I know m}" own heart, I make these 
.sacrifices with a disinterestetl \iew to the ser\ice of m\- countr\-. 
I am willing to go further, and the United States ma)' com- 
mand everything I have e.Kcej)t my integrity, and the loss of 
that would efTectualh' dissable me from serving them more." 
Among his financial expedients to resuscitate public credit, was 
the establishment of the Bank of North America. Collateral 
security was given for the ])erformance of engagements of the 
institution, in f(M-m of bonds, signed by wealth}- individuals. 
Mr. Morris heading the list with a subscription of iJ"io,000. 

In a private interview with Washington, the subject of an 
attack on New York was broached. Mr. Morris dissented, 
assuming that it would be too great a sacrifice of men and 
mone)- ; that the success of the measure was doubtful; that 
even if successful the triumph, as to results, would be a barren 
one ; the enemy having command of the sea could, at anytime, 
land fresh troops and re-take it, &c." A.ssenting to these objec- 
tions, the Commander-in-Chief said : " What am I to do? The 
country calls on me for action ; and moreox-er, m\- arm}- cannot 
be kept together unless .some bold enterprise is undertaken." 
To this Mr. Morris replied: "Why not lead \-our forces to 
Yorktown ? There Cornwallis ma}' be hemmed in b}- the 
French fleet b}' sea and the American and French armies by 
land, and will ultimately be compelled to surrender." " Lead 
ni}- troops to Yorktow n I" said Washington, appearing sur- 
prised at the suggestion, " How am I to get them there ? One 
of my difficulties about attacking New York arises from the 
want of funds to transport them thither. How, then, can I 
. muster the means that will be requisite to enable them to march 
to Yorktown ?" " You must look to me for funds," rejoined 


Mr. Morris. ''And how are you to provide them ?" said Wash- 
ington. " That," said Mr. Morris, " I am unable at this time to 
tell you, but I will answer with my head, that if you will put 
your army in motion, I will supply the means of their reaching 
Yorktown." After a few minutes reflection, Washington said: 
"On this assurance of yours, Mr. Morris, such is my confidence 
in your ability to perform any engagement you make, I will 
adopt your suggestion." 

When the army arrived at Philadelphia Mr. Morris had the 
utmost difificulty in furnishing the supplies he had promised, 
but at last he hit upon the expedient of borrowing twenty 
thousand crowns from the Chevalier de Luzerne, the French 
Minister. The Chevalier objected that he had only funds 
enough to pay the French troops, and could not comply unless 
two vessels with specie on board for him arrived from France. 
Fortunately, about the time the troops were at Elk, preparing 
to march to Yorktown, the ships arrived, the money was pro- 
cured and especial pains taken to parade the specie in open 
kegs before the army. The troops were paid, and cheerfully 
embarked to achieve the crow^ning triumph of the Revolution. 

John Hancock, President of Congress, writing to Mr. Mor- 
ris in a severe crisis of the Revolution, says: " I know, how- 
ever, you will put things in a proper way ; all things depend 
upon you, and you have my hearty thanks for your unremitting 
labor." Gen. Charles Lee said to. him in a letter, when he 
assumed the duties of Secretary of an empty treasury: " It is 
an office I cannot wish you joy of ; the labor is more than her- 
culean ; the filth of that Augean stable is, in my opinion, too 
great to be cleared away even by your skill and industry." 

During the Revolution, the commercial house in which he 
continued a partner, was prosecuting a successful business. 
The close of the Revolution must have found him in possession 
of immense wealth, exceeding by far that of any individual cit- 
izen of the United States. But he was destined to a sudden 
reverse of fortune. There followed the revolution a mania for 
land speculation. Mr. Morris participated largely in it, in- 
vesting in large tracts of wild land as they came into market 
in different parts of the United States, realizing for a time vast 
profits up(^n sales. A reaction ensued, which found him in 

ii.i.-iouruNK AM) i»i;.\iii. 57 

possession of an immense landed estate, and lart^ely in debt 
for purchase money. Trom the opulence we ha\e been speak- 
ing of, he was reduced to poverty ; and ultimately some mer- 
ciless creditors made him for a long time the tenant of a 

Upon Mr. Morris had devolved the financiering for our coun- 
try in a period of peril and embarrassment. When the army 
of Washington, unpaid, were lacking food and raiment, mur- 
muring as they well might be, it was his purse and credit that 
more than once prevented its dispersion and the failure of the 
glorious achievement of independence. His ships were upon 
the ocean, his notes-of-hand forming a currency, his drafts hon- 
ored everywhere among capitalists in his own country and in 
many of the marts of commerce in Europe. 

A reverse of fortune occurred, which is saddening to those 
who are now enjoying the blessings to which he so eminently 
contributed, and who wish that no cloud had gathered around 
the close of his useful life. 

Mr. Morris died at Morrisiana, N. J., Nov. 6, 1806, aged sev- 
enty-three years. 

Makv Jemison. 

In the Summer of 1755, during the P^rench and Indian wars, 
Mary Jamison's father's house, situated on the western frontier 
of Pennsylvania, was surrounded by a band, consisting of six 
Indians and four Frenchmen. They plundered and carried 
away whate\-er the)' could that was \'aluable, and took the 
whole family captive, with two or three others, who were stay- 
ing there at the time. They were all immediately hastened 
away into the wilderness, murdered and scalped, with the 
exception of Mary and a small boy, who were carried to Fort 
Du Quesne. Little Mary was there given to two Indian sisters, 
who came to that place to get a captive to .supply the place of 
a brother that had been slain in battle. They took her down 
the Ohio to their home, and adopted her as their sister, under 
the name of Dehhewamis — a word signifying " a beautiful girl." 
The sorrow and regret which so sudden and fearful a change in 
her condition produced, gradually yielded under the influence 
of time ; and she began to be quite reconciled to her fate. 


when an incident occurred, wliich once more revix'cd her hopes 
of being redeemed from captivit}- and restored to her friends. 
When Fort Pitt fell into the possession of the British, Mary 
was taken with a part)^ who went there to conclude a treaty of 
peace with the English. She immediately attracted the notice 
of the white people, who showed great anxiety to know how 
one so young and delicate came among the savages. Her 
Indian sisters became alarmed, and fearing that they might lose 
her, suddenly fled away with her, and carried her back to their 
forest home. Her disappointment was painful and she brooded 
over it for many days, but at length gained her usual cheerful- 
ness and contentment. As soon as she was of sufficient age, 
she was married to a young Delaware Indian named Sheninjee. 
Notwithstanding her reluctance at first to become the wife 
of an Indian, her husband's uniform kind treatment and 
gentleness, soon won her esteem and affection, and she says: 
" Strange as it may seem, I loved him ! " and she often spoke 
of him as her "kind husband." About 1759, she concluded to 
change her residence. With a little child, on foot, she traveled 
to the Genesee river, through the pathless wilderness, a distance 
of near six hundred miles, and fixed her home at Little Beard's 
Town. When she came there, she found the Senecas in alliance 
with the French ; they were making preparation for an attack 
on Fort Schlosser ; and not a great while after, enacted the 
tragedy at the Devil's Hole. Some time after her arrival, she 
received intelligence of the death of her husband, Sheninjee, 
who was to have come to her in the succeeding Spring. They 
had lived happily together, and she sincerely lamented his 
death. When the war between England and France ended, 
she might have returned to the English, but she did not. She 
married another Indian, named Hiakatoo, two or three years 
after the death of Sheninjee. When General Sullivan invaded 
the Genesee country, her house and field shared a common fate 
with the rest. When she saw them in ruins, with great energy 
and perseverance, she immediately went to making prepara- 
tion for the coming W^inter. Taking her two youngest children 
on her back, and bidding the other three follow, she sought 

Till': (;.\Ri)i;.\i' ki':sKk\Ari()\. 59 

cniploynicnt. She found an ()j)|)()rlunit\- to husk corn, and 
secured in tliat way t\\ent\'-fi\'e busliels of slielled corn, which 
kept tliem through the Winter. 

After the close of the Revolution, slie obtained the ^rant of 
a lar^^e tract of huul, called the " Gardeau Reservation," which 
was about six miles in length and five in breadth. 

In 1 83 I, preferrin<^ to i)ass the remainder of her da}'s in the 
midst of those with w^hom her youth and middle age had been 
spent, she sold the rest of the land at Gardeau Flats, purchased 
a farm on the BufTalo Reservation, where the Senecas, among 
whom she had li\ed, had settled some five years j^revious. She 
passed the remainder of her days in peace and Cjuietness, 
embraced the Christian religion, and on the 19th of Sept., 1833, 
ended a life that had been marked by vicissitudes such as it is 
the lot of but few to experience. 



WAR OF 1812-15— CAMPAIGN OF 1812. 

War Declared — Troops Called For — Colonel Swift — First Detachment of Mili- 
tia — Council with the Indians ■ — Excitement, Bustle, Confusion and 
Flight —Active Preparations on the Canada Side — General Brock — Fear 
of the Indians — The Caledonia and Detroit — The Defeat of General 
Van Rensselaer— General Smyth and His Failures — Disgust of the Sol- 
diers and the Public. 

After a debate of several days" duration, an act declaring 
war against Great Britain was passed by Congress, and was 
approved by the President on the i8th of June, 1812. On the 
19th the President issued a proclamation declaring that war 
existed between the United States and Great Britain and her 

Congress authorized the President to enlist 25,000 men for 
the regular army, to raise a force of 50,000 volunteers, and to 
call out 100,000 militia. 

On the 17th of May, Colonel Swift, of Ontario county, came 
to Buffalo to assume command on the frontier. On the i8th, 
the first detachment of militia marched through that village on 
their way to Lewiston. They were from the south towns, and 
were commanded by Major Benjamin Whale}'. 

On the 26th of May, Indian-Superintendent Granger held a 
council with the Chiefs of the Six Nations of Indians, living on 
this side of the Niagara. He did not seek to enlist their ser- 
vices in the war, but urged them to remain neutral. To this 
they agreed. 

On the 23d of June, Colonel Swift, whose headquarters were 
at Black Rock, was in command of 600 militia ; besides there 
was a small garrison of regulars at Fort Niagara. There was 
no artillery except at the fort. 

The preparations for war on the other side were somewhat 
better, there being six or seven hundred British regulars along 
the Niagara and a hundred pieces of artillery. 

. On the morning of the 26th of June, a small vessel, which had 
just left Black Rock, was noticed entering Lake Eric b\' some 

\.\\ ri;nssi;i,.\i;r iaki^s ((i.m.m.\m». 6i 

of the citizens of Buffalo, aiul preseiitK' a British armed xx-ssel 
from Fort Kric was seen makint^ its \va\- toward the /Vmerican 
ship. The hitter was soon overtaken and boarded, and then 
both vessels turned their prows toward the British stron<^hold. 
The vessel was captured, and a few hours later an express-rider 
from the east arri\'ed bearing the President's proclamation of 
war. The Canadians had received the news the earliest. The 
express-riders spread the news as they passed upon the main 
roads; thence it spread rapidh' in every direction from settle- 
ment to settlement. 

The usual avocations of life w ere temporarily suspended ; 
here and there in all the detached neighborhoods were small 
collections of citizens deliberating and consulting upon meas- 
ures of safety, defense or flight. Many made hasty prepara- 
tions and were soon on their wa\' seeking asylums beyond the 
Genesee river. Many families who left, returned after a few 
weeks' absence. All was bustle and confusion ; soldiers were 
mustering, volunteers and drafted militia were marching to the 
frontiers from the back settlements in small squads and larger 
companies. By the 4th of July, the aggregate militia force 
upon the frontier was about three thousand. Soon after the 
declaration of war, Gen. William Wadsworth, of Geneseo, 
assumed command. On the 28th of July, the command 
devolved upon Gen. Amos Hall, of Ontario count}', and on the 
I ith of August upon Major-General Van Rensselaer, of Albany 
(these were not officers of the regular army but of the New 
York State militia). General Van Rensselaer established his 
headquarters at Lewi.ston. 

War preparations were as active in Canada as upon this side 
of the lines. The militia in the Upper Province were ordered 
out en masse. P"ort Erie was put in repair; a redoubt was 
thrown up opposite Black Rock, a battery erected at Chippewa 
and another below the falls ; defences were also erected on 
Oueenston heights directly opposite Lewiston village, and Fort 
George was strengthened. One of the incipient steps in Canada 
was to secure the services of the Indians in the Pro\-ince. This 
had been too long a favorite policy of England to be aban- 
doned. General Brock, the acting Governor of the Province, 
assumed the immediate command of the troops. 


After the first turmoil and bustle were over, there succeeded 
comparative quiet — weeks and months of inactivity upon the 
lines. The usual avocations were partially resumed in the 
settlements, though frequently disturbed by militia drafts and 
harrassing, unfounded rumors of actual or contemplated incur- 
sions of the British and Indians. 

There was little real cause for anticipating danger of this 
nature, for the preparations on the other side were wholly 
defensive, and the state of alarm among the inhabitants there 
was as great as here. Among the inhabitants on each side 
of the lines there was mutual fear of invasion. 

One of the most fruitful sources of apprehension and alarm 
in the earlier stages of the war was the fear that the Seneca 
Indians would become allies of the British and Canadian 
Indians. Their neutrality, however, was early secured by a 
talk in council. This position of neutrality, taken in the first 
stages of the war, was not long maintained. The Senecas 
rightly determining their true position and interests, soon 
became fast friends of the United States, and useful armed 
allies. On the 8th of October, a detachment of sailors arrived 
on the frontier from New York, and were placed under the 
command of Lieut. Jesse D. Elliott, stationed at Black Rock. 
Two British armed vessels, the brig Detroit and the schooner 
Caledonia, had just come down the lake, and were at anchor 
near Fort Erie. About one o'clock, on the morning of the 9th 
of October, three boats put out from the American shore with 
their prows directed toward Fort Erie. The first contained 
fifty men under Lieutenant Elliott in person ; the second forty- 
seven, under Sailing-Master Watts, while the third was manned 
by six Buffalonians under Dr. Chapin. The boats moved 
stealthily across the river in the darkness. Arriving at the side 
of their prey, the three crews boarded both vessels almost at 
the same time. In ten minutes, the enemy was overpowered, 
the cables cut, and the vessels on their way down the river. 
The Caledonia was brought to anchor near Black Rock, but the 
Detroit was carried by the current on the west side of Squaw 
island, and ran aground. The prisoners taken in this gallant 
affair numbered seventy-one officers and men ; besides these, 
the captors released about forty American prisoners who were 

DKKKAI' Oh' \A.\ KllNSSKl.Al'.k. 63 

ca])turctl at the I\i\cr Raisin, and were on their \va)' to (.)ue- 
bec. This was the first hostile enterprise which took phice in 
or started from Flrie count}' during- the War of 1812. 

If the settlers on the Holland purchase were somewhat 
cheered by the achiex-ement of Lieutenant Klliott and his com- 
mand, the}' were at once cast down attain b}- the news of the 
defeat of General \'an Rensselaer at Oueenston. He had col- 
lected a force, i)rincipally New \'ork militia, at Lewiston, on 
the Niagara ri\er. At Oueenston, on the opposite side of the 
river, a British force was stationed. On the 13th of October 
(ieneral Van Rensselaer crossed a force under Col. Solomon 
Van Rensselaer (his nephew), and attacked the British fort and 
captured it. General Brock now arriv^ed with a reinforement 
of 600 men and endeavored to regain the fort, but was defeated 
and killed. General Van Rensselaer hastened back to the 
American side to bring over more troops, but his men refused 
to obey his orders, alleging that they could not be ordered out 
of the state without their consent. The British were heavily 
reinforced, and the Americans were attacked and defeated, all 
who crossed to the Canada side being killed or captured. 

General Van Rensselaer was succeeded in command on the 
Niagara frontier by Brigadier-Gen. Alexander Smyth, of the 
regular army, who had been on the lines a short time as Inspec- 
tor-General. Immediatel}' on taking command he began con- 
centrating troops at Buffalo and Black Rock, preparatory to an 
invasion of Canada. On the 1 2th of November, he issued a 
flaming address to the men of New York, calling for their ser- 
vices and declaring that in a few da}'s the troops under his 
command would plant the American standard in Canada. A 
considerable force came to Buffalo ; a brigade of militia arrived 
from Pennsylvania; three or four hundred New York militia 
reported themselves. Peter B. Porter was assigned to the com- 
mand of these New \'ork volunteers. On the 27th of Novem- 
ber the General commanding issued orders to cross the river 
the next da}'. There were then about four thousand men at and 
near Black Rock, but as a large portion of them were militia, it 
is not certain how man}- he could ha\'e depended on to enter 
the enemy's countr}-. There were boats sufficient to carry at 
least 3,000 men. 


About one o'clock the next morninij two detachments were 
sent across the river, one under Lieutenant-Colonel Boerstler 
and the other under Captain King, with whom was Lieutenant 
Angus of the Navy and fifty or sixty seamen. Bcerstler 
returned without accomplishing anything of consequence, but 
the forces of King and Angus behaved with great gallantry. 
They landed at three o'clock in the morning. Angus attacked 
and dispersed a force of the enemy stationed at what was called 
"The Red House," spiking two field-pieces and throwing then,i 
into the river. The sailors and some of the soldiers then 
returned, bringing a number of prisoners, but througli some 
blunder no boats were left to bring over Captain King, who 
with sixty men remained behind. King and his men then 
attacked and captured two batteries, spiked their guns and took 
thirty-four prisoners. Having found two boats, capable of hold- 
ing about sixty men, the gallant Captain sent over his prisoners, 
half his men and all his officers, remaining himself with thirty 
men. He doubtless expected Smyth's whole army in an hour 
or two, and thought he would take care of himself until that 
time. The general embarkation commenced but went on very 
slowly. About one o'clock I'. M., the regulars, the twelve- 
months volunteers and a body of militia, the whole making a 
force variously estimated at from fourteen hundred to two 
thousand men were in boats at the navy-yard, at the mouth of 
Scajaquada creek. General Smyth then ordered the troops to 
disembark and dine. He then called a council of war, to see 
whether he had better cross the river or not. It is not surpris- 
ing that, with such a commander, several of the officers con- 
sulted were opposed to making the attempt. It was at length 
de'cided to postpone the invasion until more boats could be 
made ready. Late in the afternoon the troops were ordered to 
their quarters. The gallant Captain King was left to his fate 
and was taken prisoner with all his remaining men. 

The next day was spent in preparation. On Sunday, the 
30th, the troops were ordered to be ready to embark at nine 
o'clock the following morning. General Porter advocated post- 
poning the expedition till Monday night, when the troops 
should embark in the darkness and land about five miles below 
the navy-yard, where the stream and the banks were favorable. 


These views were seconded by Colonel Winder and adopted 
by General Smyth, his intention being to assault Chipi)ewa and 
march through Oueenston to Fort George. 

Then it was found that the Quarter-Master had ncjt rations 
enough for two thcnisand five hundred men for four days. Never- 
theless, the embarkation commenced at three o'clock on Tues- 
day' morning. Again some fifteen hundred men were placed in 
boats. It was arranged that General Porter was to lead the 
van and direct the landing, on account of his knowledge of the 
river and the farther shore. 

Hut the embarkation of the regulars was greatl}' delayed and 
daylight appeared before the flotilla was under way. Then the 
redoubtable Smyth called another council of war, composed of 
four regular officers, to decide whether Canada should be in- 
vaded ihat season. They unanimously decided it should not. So 
the *'fH>»ps were again ordered ashore and the militia and most 
of th^' volunteers sent home, and the regulars put into winter 

The breaking up of the command was attended by scenes of 
the wildest confusion ; four thousand men firing off their guns, 
cursing General Smyth, their officers, the service, and every- 
thing connected with their military experience. The disgust 
of the public was equally great. Smyth became the object of 
universal derision. The mere fact of his twice waiting till his 
men were in boats for the purpose of invading Canada before 
calling a council of war to decide whether Canada should be 
invaded, showed him to be entirely deficient in the qualifica- 
tions of a general. 

On the 22nd of December, Smyth resigned his command to 
Col. Moses Porter, and retired to Virginia on leave of absence. 
Before his leave expired. Congress legislated him out of office. 



Arrival of Captain Perry, of the Navy — Fitting out a fleet — General Dearborn 
in command of the northern frontiers — Toronto captured— Fort George 
evacuated by the British — Americans occupy it — Americans occupy the 
whole Canadian side of the Niagara — Fortifying in Holland, Hamburg 
and Boston — Chapin's gallant exploit — The Senecas take part in the war 
— Battle at Black Rock, the British defeated — Perry's victory on Lake 
Erie — Harrison's victory on the Thames — General McCiure — Fort 
Niagara captured — General Hall. 

Early in March, Capt. Oliver Hazard Perry, of the United 
States Navy, a young man twenty-six years of age, of hand- 
some features and gallant bearing, arrived in Buffalo from the 
East, and after a brief stay, went forward to Erie to superin- 
tend the fitting out of a naval armament there. During the 
Winter, the Government had purchased a number of merchant 
vessels, for the purpose of converting them into men-of-war, 
and the construction of several new ones had been begun. 
Erie, from its comparatively secure harbor, had been selected 
as the naval headquarters. 

Five vessels, however, were fitted out in Scajaquada creek, 
and for several months Perry flitted back and forth between 
the two places, urging forward the work. 

In the fore part of April, soldiers began to arrive on the 
frontier. On the 17th of that month, Major-General Lewis 
and Brigadier-General Boyd arrived in Buffalo to assume com- 
mand according to their respective ranks. General Dearborn 
took cominand on the n'hole northern frontier. The British 
force on the other side of the Niagara was very weak. 

The campaign in the north was commenced by an expedi- 
tion from Sacket's Harbor, under General Dearborn and 
Commodore Chauncy, by which York (now Toronto) was cap- 
tured b\- a dashing attack, the gallant General Pike being killed 
by the explosion of the enemy's magazine. This triumph pre- 
vented the sending of re-enforcements to the British forts on 


the Niai^ara. and when our fleet appeared off Fort George, 
about the 25th of Ma)', it was immediately evacuated. The 
Americans, under General Lewis, crossed and occupied it. 

The same day, the commander at Fort Erie received orders 
under which he kept up a heavy cannonade on Black Rock 
until the following morning, when he blew up his magazines, 
destroyed his stores, and dismissed his men. All other public 
stores, barracks, and magazines, from Chippewa to Point Abino, 
were likewise destroyed. Lieutenant-Colonel Preston, the 
commandant at Black Rock, immediately crossed over and 
took possession. So at length the Americans had obtained 
possession of the Canadian side of the Niagara, and it would 
not seem that it need to have been difficult to retain it. 

But the lack of success in this respect, and in fact the greater 
part of the disasters of the war of 1812, were attributable no 
doubt to the blundering of the Government, the weakness of 
the Commanders, to loose dicipline and to the excessive short 
term of service of the drafted men and volunteers. As a gen- 
eral rule, if a volunteer of 18 12 stayed on the line three months 
he thought he had done something wonderful. 

In the fore part of 18 13, the inhabitants on the upper part 
of Cazenova creek combined and built a stockade of consider- 
able magnitude, on the farm of Arthur Humphrey, in Holland. 
About the same time Captain Bemis' barn, in Hamburg, was 
surrounded by a similar stockade. There was also a block- 
house built in that vicinity. Job Palmer's barn, in Boston, was 
likewise stockaded, and there may have been other fortifica- 
tions of the kind in the county. 

On the 23d of June, 18 13, a force of Americans started up 
the river from Fort Geoi-ge. It consisted of four or five hun- 
dred regular infantr\-, twenty regular dragoons and Chapin's 
company of forty-four mounted riflemen, the whole under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Bctrstler. On the 24th, when nine miles 
west of Queenston at a place called Beaver Dams, it was 
attacked by a force of British and Indians. After some skir 
mishing and marching, accompanied with slight loss, the assail, 
ants sent a flag to Colonel Bcerstler, and on the mere statement 
of the bearer that the British regular force was double the 
American, besides 700 Indians, that officer surrendered his 


whole command. Chapin and his Erie county volunteers were 
sent to the head of Lake Ontario (now Hamilton), whence the 
Colonel, two officers and twenty-six privates were ordered to 
Kingston by water, under guard of a Lieutenant and fifteen 
men. They were all in two boats. When about twenty miles 
out on Lake Ontario Chapin and his comrades arose, captured 
the guard and rowed them to Fort George and delivered them 
as prisoners to the commandant. The British men-of-war still 
commanded the lake. About the 15th of June the five vessels 
which had been fitted up in Scajaquada creek, stole out of 
Black Rock and joined Perry at Erie. 

The Queen Charlotte and other British vessels, this year as 
last, hovered along the lake shore and occasionally sent a boat's 
crew ashore to depredate on the inhabitants of Hamburg and 

In the earl}' part of July, a skirmish took place near Fort 
George, in which an American Lieutenant and ten men were 
captured, who were never heard of more, and were supposed to 
have been slain by the savages. Then General Boyd accepted 
the services of the warriors of the Six Nations. Those then 
enrolled numbered 400, and there were 550 in the ser\'ice in all. 

General Dearborn had withdrawn all the regular soldiers from 
Buffalo and Black Rock, leaving a large amount of public stores 
entirely undefended. Being advised, however, of the danger 
of a raid, he ordered ten artillerists to be stationed at the block- 
house at Black Rock, and called for 500 militia from the 
neighboring counties. Between a hundred and fifty and two 
hundred of these arrived at the threatened point earl}- in Jul)-, 
and were stationed at the warehouses at Black Rock, being 
under the command of Maj. Parmenio Adams, of Genesee 
County. They had three pieces of field artillery and near by 
was a battery of four heavy guns. Nearly a hundred recruits 
for the regular infantry and dragoons on their way to Dear- 
born's headquarters, under Captain Cummings, were ordered 
to stop at Buffalo. Judge (Granger was directed to engage as 
many Seneca warriors as he could, and General Porter who 
was then staying at his residence at Black Rock, was requested 
to take command of the whole. By the loth of July Judge 
Granger had received such positive information of an immediate 


attack, accompanied by sjiccial threats a^^ainst himself, that 
he iinited some Indians to come to his house north of the 
Scajaquada creek. Thirt\'-seven of them arrived at II o'clock 
that (Saturday) ni<^dit under the lead of I^\'u-mer's Brother. As 
the\- were not all armed, and as the Judt^e was confident that 
the enemy would be over the next day, he sent to the village 
and yot a full supply of arms and ammunition for his braves 
that niL^ht. The British headcjuarters were at Lundy's Lane, 
close by the Falls, where their expedition was fitted out. The 
commander was Lieutenant-Colonel Bishop. He had under 
him a part of the forty-first regiment of the British army, and 
a detachment of Canadian militia, commanded by Colonel 
Clark. They took boat at Chippewa, on the night of the loth, 
and after rowing against the current in the darkness several 
hours, landed just after daylight a mile below the mouth of the 
Scajac]uada. Forming his men, Colonel Bishop led them 
rapidl)^ up the river bank. There was a single sentinel at the 
Scajaquada bridge ; he flung away his musket, dodged into the 
woods, and took a bee-line for Williamsville. Major Adams' 
men attempted no resistance, but fled. General Porter had 
barely time to escape from his house, and without his arms. 
The victors, supposing no resistance would be made, set to 
work burning the block-houses and barracks, while the ofificers 
ordered breakfast at General Porter's. But a storm was gather- 
ing. When the militia first began to retreat, a messenger was 
sent to Buffalo, on whose arrival. Captain Cummings mustered 
his recruits and marched towards the scene of action. On his 
wa)' he met (General Porter, who ordered him to proceed to a 
piece of open ground not far from the site of the reservoir, 
and await re-enforcements. 

Taking a horse, sword and other eciui{)ments from one of 
Cumming's dragoons, the general galloped down to the village, 
where he found everything in confusion ; the women and 
children in a state of terror, and the men in the streets with 
arms in their hands, but doubtful whether to fight or flee. 
Being assured there was a chance of success, forty or fifty of 
them formed ranks under Caj)tain Bull, the commander of the 
Buffalo volunteer company, and marched to join Cummings. 
About a hundred of the retreating militia had been kept 

70 farmer's brother and his warriors. 

together by Lieutenant Phineas Staunton, the adjutant of the 
battalion. Meanwhile, Major King, of the regular army, who 
was accidentally at Black Rock, on seeing the sudden retreat of 
the militia, hurried through the \\-oods to Judge Granger's 
(who lived beyond Cold Springs, on Main street), \\hence the 
alarm was speedily carried to the scattered inhabitants of 
" Buffalo Plains." F"armer's Brother at once gathered his war- 
riors and made them a little speech, telling them that they 
must now go and fight the red-coats ; that their country was 
invaded ; that they had a common interest with the people of 
the United States, and they must show their friendship for 
their American brethren b}' deeds, not words. The old chief- 
tain then led his little band to join his friend, General Porter. 
Volunteers, too, came hurrying to the village from the Plains 
and Cold Springs, until about thirty were gathered, who were 
placed under the command of Capt. William Hull, of the militia. 

General Porter now felt able to cope with the enemy. 
Bringing together his forces, numbering but about three hun- 
dred all told, at the open ground before-mentioned, he made 
his dispositions for an attack. As the foe held a strong 
position at Major Adams' encampment. Porter determined to 
attack him on three sides at once, to prevent the destructive 
use of artillery on a column in front. 

The regulars and Captain Bull's Buff volunteers formed the 
center. The Genesee militia, under Staunton, were on the left. 
Captain Hull's men and the Indians were in the woods on the 
right front. Farmer's Brother and his braves prepared for 
action ; they cjuickly ranged themselves in line with their chiefs, 
a few yards in front. At eight o'clock the signal for attack was 
given. The militia, gallantly led on by Staunton, and ashamed 
of their recent flight, dashed forward against the enemy. A 
fight of some fifteen or twenty minutes ensued, in which the 
militia stood up against the British regulars without flinching. 
The right flank of the Americans came up ; the Indians raised 
the war-whoop and opened fire. Colonel Bishop was severely 
wounded, and fell from his horse ; his men became demoral- 
ized, and when the regulars appeared in front, the enemy fled 
towards the water's edge. The whole American force then 
pressed forward together, the Indians making the forest resound 


with Scivage yells. The chief, Younc^ ^i'li^- 'intl another warrior 
were wounded. Part of the British wounded were carried off, 
but part were left on the field. 

.\t the Black Rock landing, the British rallied, but on the 
approach of the Americans, hastily retreated into some boats 
which they found there, leaving fifteen prisoners in the hands 
of their pursuers. Many were killed and wounded after enter- 
ing the boats, but tlie chief loss fell on the last one. It contained 
sixty men and most of the officers, including Colonel Bishop, 
who, notwithstanding his wounds, had insisted on remaining to 
the last. The whole American force came up to the bank and 
opened fire on this boat inflicting terrible injury. Two or three 
Indians even sprang into the water, siezed the boat by the gun- 
wale and endeavored to direct it ashore, but were compelled 
to desist by the fire of their friends in the rear. Captain 
Saunders, of the British Forty-first, was severely wounded at 
the water's edge and left a prisoner. Colonel Bishop was pierced 
with several bullets, receiving wounds of which he died, and 
several other ofificers were killed or wounded. The enemy were 
said at the time to have acknowledged a total loss in killed, 
wounded and prisoners of nearly a hundred. The Americans 
lost three killed and seven wounded. 

The militia were in the front of the fray throughout, and 
gallanth" retrieved their tarnished reputation. Their good 
conduct was doubtless due largely to the example of Adjutant 
Staunton, who also distinguished himself on several other oc- 
casions in tlie war of 1812. All accounts speak in high terms 
of the conduct of the Seneca warriors. iMthough the numbers 
engaged in this affair were not large, it was cjuite an exciting 
conflict, and is of importance as showing the value of one or 
two resolute ofificers, in rallying and inspiriting a body of raw 
troops, utterly demoralized by less ef^cient leadership. 

Just before this event. General Dearborn had resigned the 
chief command on the northern frontier, and soon after General 
Wilkinson was appointed in his ])lace. General Porter and 
Colonel Chapin gathered up another bod\' of volunteers and 
went down to Fort (ieorge, taking a hundred or so Indians 
with them. 

A plan was concerted to cut off one of the enemy's pickets 


on the morning of the 17th of August, Chapin and Porter went 
out west from Fort George for the purpose. A heavy rain re- 
tarded their progress, so the picket was not captured, but a fight 
ensued in wliich the volunteers and Indians captured sixteen 
prisoners and killed a considerable number of the enemy who 
were left on the field. Chapin and his volunteers and most of 
the Indians continued to operate in the vicinity of Fort George 
until the 7th of September, when they returned to Buffalo. 

A few days later came the news of " Perry's Victory" on 
Lake Erie, which caused great rejoicing among the people. 
Immediately succeeding Perry's victory, came that of Harrison 
over Proctor and Tecumseh. It being supposed that the upper 
peninsula was pretty well cleared of foes, General Wilkinson's 
forces were nearly all withdrawn to the lower end of Lake 

The force left behind by Wilkinson, was under the command 
of Gen. George McClure, of Steuben county, a brigadier- 
general of the New York militia, who made his headquarters 
at Fort George. On the 6th of October, Colonel Chapin had an 
all-day skirmish with some British outposts near Fort George. 

On the 24th of October, Harrison and Perry with their vic- 
torious army and fleet, came down the lake to Buffalo. On 
the 25th a dinner was given to the two commanders at " Pome- 
roy's Eagle." The next day Harrison and his army crossed 
the river and went down to Fort George and thence in a short 
time to Sackett's Harbor. General McClure was thus left with 
about a thousand militia, two hundred and fifty Indians and 
sixty regulars. The terms of the militia were fast expiring, and 
they would not stay a day longer. 

Another draft was ordered about the middle of November 
of six hundred men from Hopkins' brigade, under Lieutenant 
Colonel Warren. These marched to Fort George and remained 
nearly a month. 

When the term of Warren's regiment was about to expire, 
McClure determined to abandon Fort George. In this he was 
unquestionably justifiable, as his remaining force would have 
been entirely inadequate to defend it. But he, at the same 
time, took a step cruel in itself and fraught with woe 
to the American frontier. He ordered the burning of the 

CAl'TURK OK FDRl" \lA(,.\kA. 


lloun'sliin^" xilla^c of Newark, situated close to the fort aiul 
containin<^ about one hundred and fift\' liouses. 'Ilie inhabit- 
ants were turned out in the snow, and the torch ai)j)hed to 
every buildini;" in tlie phice. McClure nio\ed tlie remnant of 
his force across tlie river, closely ])ressed b}- the enrai;ed British, 
leavin<^ Fort Niagara defended by a hundred and fift)' ret^ulars, 
he called two hundred others from Canandaigua to Buffalo 
On the morning of December 19th, h\^rt Niagara was surprised 
and captured by a small British force through the criminal 
negligence of its commander, who was at his residence four 
miles away. 

Before leaving Buffalo, McCIure called out the men of Gen- 
esee, Niagara and Chautauqua counties en masse, and on arriving 
at Batavia, on the 22d of December, he turned over the com- 
mand to Major General Hall, the commander of this division 
of militia. That ofificer who manifested no lack of zeal, 
sent forward all the troops he could raise and proceeded to Buf- 
falo himself, on the 25th, leaving McClure to organize and for- 
ward r e i n f o re e m e n t s . 



Number of Troops — The Enemy's Approach — Movements in Defense — Attack 
and Repulse — Battle of Black Rock — The Retreat — The Flight — Univer- 
sal Confusion — The Indians — Chapin's Negotiation — Mrs. St. John — The 
Village in Flames - Murder of Mrs. Lovejoy — The Enemy Retire - The 
Slain — Calvin Cary^McClure to Blame — The Flight in the Country — 
The Buffalo Road— The Big Tree Road— Exaggerated Reports — Return 
of the British- — More Burning — The Scene at Reese's — Building Relief. 

On the 27th of December, General Hall reviewed the forces 
at Buffalo and Black Rock, \\hich were thus described in his 
report. At Buffalo there were a hundred and twenty-nine 
mounted volunteers under Colonel Broughton, of Ontario 
county, four hundred and thirty-three Ontario county volun- 
teers under Colonel Blakeslie, one hundred and thirty-six Buf- 
falo militia under Colonel Chapin, ninety-seven Canadian vol- 
unteers under Colonel Mallory, and three hundred and eighty- 
two Genesee county militia under Major Adams. At Black 
Rock there were three hundred and eighty-two under Colonel 
Warren and Churchill, thirty-seven mounted men under Captain 
Ransom, eighty-three Indians under Colonel Granger, one piece 
of field artillery under Lieutenant Seeley. The aggregate 
force at both places according to the re[)ort was about seven- 
teen hundred. Colonel Warren lived in Aurora and his regi- 
ment was from the south towns of Erie county. On the 29th, 
there arrived a regiment of Chautaucjua count}' militia under Col- 
onel McMahan, numbering about three hundred men, bringing 
the aggregate force to about tw^o thousand. 

Besides Seeley's field-piece, there were seven other cannon 
at the two villages, but none of them mounted on carriages. 
Several of them were in a battery at the top of the hill over- 
looking Black Rock, and with them was May Dudley with a 
part of Warren's regiment ; the rest, \\ ith Churchill's detach- 
ment, were in the Village of Black Rock. >\bout midnight of 
the 29th, a detachment of the enemy landed a little below 

r.HNKRAi, iiAi.i, ()KI)i;rs ax at tack. 75 

Scajaquada creek. The news was at <Jiice carried to Colonels 
Warren antl Cluircliill at IMack Rock, and tlien to (ieneral Hail 
at Buffalo. Tiie i^eneral ordered out his men, but,fearinir tliat 
the enemy's movement was a feint, and that he would land in 
force above Buffalo and march down, he did not send an\- con- 
siderable force down the river. Colonels Warren and Churchill 
endeavored to reach Scajaquada creek before the invaders and 
hold it ai^ainst them, but the J-^ritish arri\'ed there first and got 
possession of the bridge. Warren and Churchill deemed it 
impracticable to dislodge the enemy in the darkness but deter- 
mined to take a position at a small run between the village and 
the bridge, and there oppose his further advance. The enemy 
did not advance, but in the course of an hour or so Colonel 
Chapin arri\-ed with a body of mounted men, and delivered 
General Hall's order that they should immediately make an 
attack. Chapin led the way, Warren and Churchill followed. 
All was silent as death. Suddenly from the darkness flashed 
a volley of musketry almost in the faces of the head of the 
column. They instantly broke and fled, rushing back through 
the ranks of Warren's men, who became utterly demoralized 
withcHit receiving a shot. As the horsemen stampeded through 
them they broke up, scattering through the woods or retreat- 
ing toward Buffalo. Warren retired to the main battery to 
endea\'or to ralh' some of the fugitives ; Churchill, with at 
least part of his men, remained below the village. When 
General Hall received news of this failure, he ordered Major 
Adams, with his Genesee militia, to march against the enemy. 
This movement was equally futile. The general then ordered 
Colonel Blakeslie, with his Ontario County militia to ach'ance 
to the attack. Hall then gathered his remaining forces and 
started for Black Rock. .Vs he approached that village the 
day began to dawn, and he discovered the enemy's boats cross- 
ing the river in the direction of General Porter's house. 
Blakeslie's command was ordered to meet the approaching 
force at the water's edge. That force consisted of the Ro}'al 
Scots under Colonel Gordon, and was estimated at four hun- 
dred men. The invasion was under the general superintendence 
of Lieutenant-General Drummond, but the troops were under 
the immediate command of Major-General Riall. The artillery 


in battery fired on them as they advanced, and Blakeshe's 
men opened fire when they landed. They returned it, and a 
battery on the other side sent shells and balls over their heads 
among the Americans. For half an hour, the forest and river- 
side re-echoed with the thunder of artillery and ceaseless rattle 
of small arms. 

All accounts agree that Blakeshe's men did the most of the 
fighting, and sustained the attack of the Ro\'al Scots with con- 
siderable firmness. Had all the regiments been kept together, 
and met the enemy at his landing the result might have been 
far different. 

Meanwhile, the hostile force at Scajaquada creek, consisting 
of regulars and Indians, moved up the river, easily dispersing 
Churchill's meagre force, and marched against Blakeshe's right. 
It is not believed there were then over six hundred men in our 
ranks, and these thus assailed on two sides were entirely unable 
to maintain their ground. Large numbers were already scat- 
tered through the woods toward home, when General Hall 
ordered a retreat, hoping to make another stand at the edge of 
Buffalo. This, as might be supposed, was utterly hopeless ; 
once the men got to running, there were few that thought of 
anything else. In a few moments all were in utter route. A 
part hurried towards Buffalo ; others rushed along the Guide- 
board road (North street) to Hodge's tavern, and thence took 
the Williamsville road, while many fled through the woods 
without regard to roads of any kind. Fugitives were rushing 
through Buffalo and striking out for Williamsville, Willink or 
Hamburgh. The Buffalo volunteers came hurrying up to take 
care of their families. They declared that the Americans were 
whipped, that the British were marching on the town, and, 
most terrible of all, that the Indians were coming. Then all 
was confusion and dismay. Teams w^ere at a premium ; horses, 
o.xen, sleighs, sleds, wagons, carts — nearly everything that had 
feet, wheels or runners, were pressed into service. Many who 
neither had nor could obtain teams, set forth on foot. Men, 
women and children by the score were seen hastening through 
the light snow and half-frozen mud in the bitter morning air 
up Main street, or out Seneca, or up the lake shore. 

A crowd of teams and foot-men, and foot-women too, were 


hurr\-in<4" up Main street, when suddenlx' tlie head of a cohinm 
stopped and sury;ed back on the rear. " I'he Indians I" was the 
cr\- from the front, "they are coming" up the Guide-board road." 
\\\.\c\< down Main street rolled the tide. Teams were urged to 
their utmost speed and people on foot did their best to keep 
u[j with them. Turning down Seneca street, the crowd sped 
on, some going straight to the Indian village and thence across 
the reservation to Willink, others making for I'ratt's ferry and 
thence up the beach to Hamburg. 

There was good reason for the sudden retreat of the Main 
street fugitives. While the main bod\' of the enem\' marched 
along Niagara street, the Indians on the left pressed up the 
"Guide-board road" (North street). Here it was that Job 
Hoysington, a resolute volunteer, said to his comrades, with 
whom he was retreating, that he would have one more shot at 
the red-skins, and in spite of remonstrance waited for that pur- 
pose. He doubtless got a shot at them, but they got a shot at 
him too, as he was found with a bullet through his brain. His 
wife waited for her husband's return at their residence at the 
corner of Main and Utica streets, and finally set out on foot 
with her children. She was soon overtaken by two cavalrymen, 
who took two of the little ones on their horses. For a long time 
she did not hear of them, but at length discovered them, one in 
Clarence and one in Genesee county. (Many interesting inci- 
dents of a similar nature might be mentioned, but for want of 
space they are omitted.) 

As the British came u[) Niagara street, se\'eral men, appar- 
ently without any organization, manned an old twelve-pounder 
mounted on a pair of trucks at the junction of Main and Niag- 
ara streets, two ^^\■ three shots were fired and then it was dis- 

Colonel Chai)in then \\ent forward with a white handkerchief 
tied to his cane, as a flag of truce, asked a halt, which was 
granted, and began a parley. In a statement published by 
himself shortly after, he speaks of "attempting a negotiation," 
claiming that while this was going on the people had a chance 
to escape. 

The Indians came to Main street before the I^ritish troops 
which were draw n up near the corner of Morgan, Mohawk and 


Niagara streets. The savages had apparent!}- full license to do 
what the\- pleased in the way of plundering, though some 
British officers went ahead and had the casks of liquor .stove in 
to prevent their red allies from getting entirely beyond control. 

Presently flames burst forth from the houses in the main part 
of the village near the corner of Main and Seneca .streets. A 
Lieutenant with a squad of men went from house to house 
applying the torch. By 3 o'clock in the afternoon all of the 
lately flourishing village of Buffalo, save some six or eight 
structures, was smouldering in ashes. What few houses there 
were at Black Rock were likewise destroyed, and the enemy 
then retired across the river. The foe took with them about 
ninety prisoners, of whom eleven were wounded. Forty of the 
ninety were from Blakeslie's regiment. Besides these a con- 
siderable number of American wounded were able to escape — 
probably fift}' or sixt}-. Forty or fifty were killed ; most of 
them lay on the field of battle, but some were scattered through 
the upper part of the village. Among the slain the officer of 
the highest rank was Colonel Boughton, of Avon. In Erie 
county, reckoning according to present division of towns, the 
killed were Job Noysington, John Roop, Samuel Holmes, John 
Trsket, James Nesbet, Robert Franklin (colored), Mr. Myers 
and Mr. Lovejoy, of Buffalo ; Robert Nilland, Adam Lawfer, 
of Black Rock ; Jacob Vantine, Jr., of Clarence ; Moses Fenno, 
of Alden ; Israel Reed, of Aurora; Newman Baker, Parle}^ 
Moffat and William Cheeseman, of Hamburgh and Ham- 
burgh ; Maj. William C. Dudley, and probably Peter HofTman, 
of Evans, and Calvin Cary, of Boston. 

Calvin Cary, oldest son of the pioneer Deacon Richard Cary, 
though only twenty-one years of age, was a man of gigantic 
stature and herculean strength, weighing nearly three hundred 
pounds. Pursued by three Indians, he shot one dead, killed 
another with his clubbed musket, but was shot, tomahawked 
and scalped b}- the third. His broken musket, which was found 
by his side and testified to his \'alor, is still preserved b)' his 

During all that day (the 30th of December), the road through 
Williamsville and Clarence was crowded with a hurrying and 
heteroijcnous multitude — bands of militiamen, families in 


sleighs, women dri\in^ ox-sleds, men in watj^ons, cavalrymen on 
horseback, women on foot bearing infants in their arms and 
attended by crying- children — all animated by a single thought, 
to escape from the enemy and especially from the dreaded 

On the Big Tree road (running cast through Hamburg and 
Aurora to the Genesee river) the scene was still more diversi- 
fied, for in addition to the mixed multitude which poured along 
the northern route, was the whole bod}' of Indians from the 
Ruffalo reservation. Mr. Turner, the author of the " Histor\- 
of the Holland Purchase," then a youth residing in Sheldon, 
Wyoming county, gives the following picture of the scene from 
personal recollection : 

" An ox-sled would come along bearing wounded soldiers, 
whose companions had perhaps pressed the slow team into their 
service ; another \\-ith the family of a settler, a few household 
goods that had been hustled upon it, and one, two or three 
wearied females from Buffalo, wdio had begged the privilege of 
a ride and the rest that it afforded ; then a remnant of some 
dispersed corps of militia with the arms they had neglected to 
use ; then squads and families of Indians, on foot and on pon- 
ies, the squaw with her papoose on her back, and a bevy of 
juvenile Senecas in her train. Bread, meats and drinks soon 
\'anished from the log taverns on the routes, and fleeing set- 
tlers divided their scanty stores with the almost famished that 
came from the frontiers." 

When it was found that the enemy had retired, curiosit}- 
induced many men from the nearest towns to visit the ruins. 

Others went to render what assistance the\- could, and still 
others, alas, to take advantage of the unixersal confusion and 
purloin whatever might have been left by the invaders. A few- 
went on the 31st of December, more on the ist of Januar\-. 
On the former day everything was quiet, (^n the latter, as 
the few remaining citizx-ns and some fron-i the country were 
staring at the ghastly ruins, a detachment of the enemy sud- 
denl}- appeared, making prisoners of most of them. They then 
fired all the remaining buildings except the jail, which would 
not burn, Reese's blacksmith shop and Mrs. St. John's cottage. 

A day or two after the second raid the people assembled and 


picked up the dead bodies and brou<^ht them to Reese's bhick- 
smith shop. The number is variously stated, but the most 
careful account makes it forty-two killed, besides some who 
were not found (Hoysington was not found until Spring), and 
some prominent persons like Colonel Boughton, who were taken 
care of earlier. At the shop they were laid in rows, a ghastly 
display, all being frozen stiff and most of them stripped and 
scalped. After those belonging in the vicinit}' had been taken 
away by their friends, the rest were deposited in a single large 
grave in the old burying ground on Franklin Square (where the 
city and county buildings now are), covered only with boards, 
so they could be easily examined and taken away. 

On the 6th of January, just a week after the main conflagra- 
tion, William Hodge brought his family back, it being the first 
that returned ; Pomeroy came immediately afterwards and 
raised the first building in the new Village of Buffalo. Soldiers 
were stationed in the village and as time wore on people began 
to feel more safe ; but the Winter was one of intense excite- 
ment and distress. Twice during the Winter, small squads of 
the enemy crossed the river but were driven back by the 
soldiers and citizens without much fighting. Most of the 
people who came back had nothing to live on save what was 
issued to them by the commissary department of the army. 
The suffering would have been even greater than it was had 
not prompt measures of relief been taken by the public author- 
ities and citizens of more fortunate localities. The legislature 
voted $40,000 in aid of the devastated district, besides $5,000 
to the Tuscarora Indians, and $5,000 to residents of Canada, 
driven out on account of their friendship for the United States. 
The city of Albany voted $1,000, and the city of New York 
$3,000. The citizens of Canandaigua appointed a committee 
of relief who raised a considerable amount there and sent com- 
munications soliciting aid to all the country eastward. They 
were promptly responded to, and liberal contributions raised 
throughout the state. With this aid, and that of the Commis- 
sary department, and the assistance of personal friends, those 
who remained on the frontier managed to live through the 
woeful Winter. 

AUKi\Ai. <)i' \viMn:i.i) scorr. 8i 


Soldiers' Graves — Scott and Brown — Discipline at Buffalo— The Death Penalty — 
Capture of Fort Erie — Approaching Chippewa — An Indian Battle — A 
Retreat — \'ictory — Scalps — Advance to Fort George — Return— Lundy's 
Lane — Retreat to Fort Eric — Bridgewater — Battle of Conjockety Creek — 
Assault on Fort Erie — The Explosion — Call for Volunteers— The Res- 
ponse — The Sortie — Gallantry of the Volunteers — General Porter 
— Peace. 

As Spring approached, the frontier began to revive. More 
troop.s appeared, and their presence caused the paying out of 
considerable sums of money among the inhabitants. There 
was a ready market for produce at large prices. 

Williamsville was the rendezvous for the troops. There was 
a long row of barracks, parallel with the main street of that 
village and a short distance north of it, and others used as a 
hospital, a mile or so up the F],leven-Mile creek. 

Near these latter, and close beside the murmuring waters of 
the stream, rest several scores of soldiers who died in that 
hospital, all unknown, their almost imperceptible graves 
marked onl}' by a row of ma])les, long since planted b)' some 
reverent hand. 

On the lOth of .April there arrived on the frontier a state!}' 
young warrior, whose presence was alread)' considered a har- 
binger of victory, and whose shoulders had latel)' been adorned 
by the epaulets of a brigadier-general. This was W'infield 
Scott, then thirt\' \-ears old, and the hcau ideal of a gallant 

Immediatel}- afterwards came his superior officer, Major- 
General Brown, who had been rapidl}' advanced to the highest 
rank, on the strength of the vigor and skill he had shown as a 
commander at the foot of Lake Ontario. 

Bodies of regular troops and some \olunteers continued to 
concentrate at Williamsville and Buffalo. Scott removed his 
headquarters to the latter place toward the last of May, where 


the troops were encamped amid the ruins. Great efforts were 
made to introduce rigid discipHnc. The men were under con- 
.stant drill, and desertion was mercilessly punished. 

Among the reminiscences of that era, no scene appears to 
have been more vividly impressed on the minds of the relators 
than the one which was displayed near the present corner of 
Mar}'land and Sixth streets, on the 4th of June, 18 14. 

I'^ive men, con\-icted of desertion, knelt ^\'ith bandaged eyes 
and pinioned arms, each with an open coffin before him and a 
new-made grave behind him. 

Twenty paces in front stood a platoon of men, detailed to 
inflict the supreme penalty of military law. The whole arm}^ 
was drawn up on three sides in a hollow square, to witness the 
execution, the artillerymen standing by their lighted matches, 
ready to suppress a possible mutiny, while Generals Brown, 
Scott and Ripley sat upon their horses, surrounded by their 
brilliant staffs, looking sternly on the scene. Then the 
firing party did their deadly work, four men fell in their coffins 
or their graves, but one youth under twenty-one was unhurt. 
He sprang up, wrenched loose his pinioned arms, and tore the 
bandage from his eyes. Two men advanced to extinguish the 
last remains of life in those who had fallen. 

He supposed they were about to dispatch him, and fell 
fainting to the ground. 

He was taken away without further injury. Doubtless it 
had been determined to spare him on account of his \'outh, 
and therefore his supposed executioners had been furnished 
with unloaded muskets. 

The work of preparation went forward not very rapidl}-. 
On the 28th of June a statement appeared in the Gazette that 
the rumors of an immediate advance which had been in circula- 
tion were not true, and that the transportation of the army 
was not ready. This was not inserted by order, for on the 3rd 
of Jul\- the advance began. Brown's force consisted of two 
brigades of regulars, under Generals Scott and Ripley, and one 
of volunteers under General Porter. This was composed of 
five hundred I'enns)-lvanians, six hundred New York xolun- 
teers, all of whom had not arrived when the movement began, 
and near!)' six hundred Indians. 

SliRRKNDKR Ol' llli: FORT. J^3 

Six huiulrcd was almost the entire strength of the Six 
Nations, and these liad been L^atliered from all reser\'ations in 
Western New \'ork. It is i)robable that the i,n-eat a^c of Far- 
mer's Brother prevented him from crossini^. Actinij^ as a pri- 
\ate in the ranks was Red Jacket, the i)rincii)al and leader of 
the Six Nations, who, notwitlistandin^^ the timidity usually 
attributed' to him, was unwilling' to stay behind Avhile""his 
c<Hmtr}-men were winning;' i^"lor\' on the field of carnage. 
Col. Robert P'lemini;- was (|uartermaster of this peculiar bat- 

Fort Erie was garrisoned b}- a hundred and se\'enty l^ritish 
soldiers. The main bod}' of the enemy was at Chippewa, two 
miles above the falls and eighteen miles below the fort. 

On the 2nd of July, Brown, Scott and Porter reconnoitred 
Fort P^rie and concerted the plan of attack. Riple}', with a 
part of his brigade, was to embark at Buffalo in the night and 
land a mile up the lake from the fort. Scott, witli his brigade, 
was to cross from l^lack Rock, and land a mile below Fort Erie, 
which, in the morning, both brigades were to invest and 

Scott and Ripley both started at the time appointed, but as 
in most military operations depending on concert of action be- 
tween separate corps, there was a difificulty not foreseen. Rip- 
ley's pilot was misled b\- a fog on the lake and his command 
did not land until several hours past time. Scott, however, 
cro.s.sed promiUl}- and was able to invest the fort with his brigade 
alone. At sunrise the artillery and Indians crossed at the fer- 
ry, and after some parle>-ing the fort surrendered, without 
awaiting an attack. 

The afternoon of the ^rtl, Scott marchetl sexeral miles down 
the Niagara, and on the morning of the 4th, drove in the 
enemy's advanced posts. He was followed by Brown and Rip- 
ley, and both brigades established themselves on the south side 
of Street's creek, two miles south of Chippewa. On the left, 
three-fourths of a mile from Niagara, was a dense and some- 
what swampy forest on both sides of Street's creek, extending 
to within three-fourths of a mile of Chippewa creek, which was 
bordered for that purpose by a level cleared plain. On the 
north side of that creek, the British arm\'la\- inlrcnclud. The 


two armies were concealed from each other's sight by a narrow 
strip of woodhind, reaching from the main forest to ^\•ithin 
a hundred yards of the riv^er bank. 

During the night of the 4th, the Americans were much an- 
noyed by Indians and Canadians lurking in the forest, who 
drove in their pickets and threatened their flanks. 

Late that night General Porter crossed the river with his 
Indians and Pennsylvanians, and in the morning marched to- 
ward Chippewa. He was met on the road by General Brown, 
who spoke of the manner in which he had been annoyed by 
lurkers in the forest, and proposed that Porter should dri\'e 
them out, declaring confidently that there would be no 
British regulars south of the Chippewa that da)\ Still, he said, 
he would order Scott to occupy the open ground beyond 
Street's creek in support of Porter. The latter accepted the 
proposition of his chief, and at three o'clock started to put it 
in execution. 

The Indians assumed their usual full battle-dress, of mantur- 
nipline, breech-clout, moccasins, feathers and paint, and the war- 
chiefs then proceeded to elect a leader. Their choice fell on 
Captain Pollard, a veteran of Wyoming and man}^ other fights. 

Porter left two hundred of his Pennsylvanians in camp, think- 
ing their presence needless, and formed the other three hun- 
dred into one rank on the open ground, half a mile south of 
Street's creek, their left resting on the forest. The whole five 
or six hundred Indians were also formed in one rank in the 
woods, their right reaching to the left of the whites. General 
Porter stationed himself between the two wings of his com- 
mand, with Captain Pollard on his left. He was also attended 
by two or three stafT ofTficers, by Hank Johnson, the interpreter, 
and by several regular officers, who had volunteered to see the 
fun. Ked Jacket was on the extreme left of the Indian line. 
A company of regular infantry followed as a reserve. The war- 
chiefs took their places twenty yards in front of their braves, 
and a few scouts were sent still further in advance. 

Then, at a given signal, the whole line moved forward, the 
whites marching steadily \\ith shouldered arms on the plain, the 
naked Indians gliding through the forest with cat-like treatl, 
their bodies bent forward, their rifles held ready for instant 

rXDlAX M.Wd'.UVRINC. 85 

use, their feathers nocUlini; at every step, their fierce eyes 
llashiiiL;- in every direction. Suddenly one of the cliiefs made 
a sii,mal, and tlie whole line of painted warriors sank to the 
i^round as quickly and as noiselessly as the sons of Clan Alpine 
at the command of Roderick Dim. This manceuvre was a jKirt 
of their primitive tactics, and the chiefs rapidly assembled to 
consult over some rei)ort broui^ht back by a scout. At another 
sit;nal the warriors spranc;- up and the feather-crested line 
again moved through the forest. The manctuvre was repeated 
when the scouts brought back word that the enemy was await- 
ing them on the north bank of Street's creek, General Porter 
was informed of this fact and made some slight changes in his 
arrangements, and again the line advanced with increased speed. 

As the Indians approached the creek, they received the fire 
of a force of British Indians and Canadians stationed there. 
They instantly raised a war-whoop that resounded far over the 
Niagara, and charged at the top of their speed. The foe at 
once fled. The Iroquois dashed through the little stream and 
bounded after them, whooping, yelling, shooting, cleaving sculls 
and tearing off scalps like so many demons. Many were 
overtaken, but few captured. Occasionally, however, a Seneca 
or Cayuga would seize an enemy, unwind his maturnipline, bind 
him with surprising quickness and then go trotting back to the 
rear, holding one end of the maturnip as a man might lead a 
horse by the halter. 

Such speed and bottom were displayed by the Indians that 
neither the regulars nor volunteers were able to keep up with 
them. For more than a mile the pursuit was maintained in the 
words of General Porter, " through scenes of frightful havoc." 

At length the Indians who had got considerable in advance, 
emerged upon the ojien ground three-quarters of a mile from 
Chippewa creek, where they were received with a tremendous 
fire from the greater part of the British regular army, draw-n in 
line of battle on the plain. 

It looked as if General Riall had determined to attack the 
Americans, and had sent forward his light troops to bring on a 
battle, expecting, probably, that the whole American force 
would get exhausted in pursuit, and become an easy prey to his 
fresh battalion. 

86 f]j-:ei\(; ix confusion. 

The fact that the pursuit was carried on by the American 
h'l^ht troops and Indians alone broke up, and, in fact, reversed 
this programme. The warriors c|uickl\' fled from the de-^truct- 
ive fire in front. 

General Porter, supposing that it came from the force they 
had been pursuing, rallied the greater part of them, formed 
them again on the left of his volunteers and moved forward to 
the edge of the woods. Again the long red-coated battalions 
opened fire. 

The volunteers stood and exchanged two or three volleys 
with them, but when the enemy dashed forward with the bay- 
onet, Porter, seeing nothing of Scott with the supports, gave 
the order to retreat. 

Both whites and Indians fled in the greatest confusion. On 
came the red-coats at their utmost speed, supposing they had 
gained another easy victory, and that all that was necessary 
was to catch the runaways. 

The Indians being the best runners and unencumbered with 
clothing, got ahead in the retreat as they had in the advance, 
but the whites did their best to keep up with them. The flight 
continued for a mile, pursuers as well as pursued becoming 
greatly disorganized, and the speed of the fugitives being acceler- 
ated by the constant bursting of shells from the enemy's artillery. 

Approaching Street's creek, Scott's brigade was found just 
crossing the bridge and forming line. They took up their posi- 
tions with the greatest coolness under the fire of the British 
artillery, but Porter claimed that through the fault of either 
Scott or Brown, they were very much behind time. 

The former General was always celebrated for his prompt- 
ness, and the fault, if there was one, was probabh' with Brown. 
Perhaps he didn't expect Porter's men to run so fast, either 
going or coming. 

The result, however, was as satisfactory- as if this precipitate 
retreat had been planned to draw forward the foe. Ripley's 
brigade was at once sent off to the left, through the woods, to 
flank the enemy. The fugitives as they ran also bore to the 
w estward, and Scott's fresh battalion came into line in perfect 
order, making somewhat merry over the haste of their red and 
white comrades. 

TiiK Kn.i.ED AND \V( )r M )i:i ). 87 

Some of ihc Iiulians had taken tlicir sons, from twelve to 
sixteen years old, into battle to initiate them in the business of 
war. One of these careful fathers was now seen running at his 
best speed, with liis son on his shoulders. Just as he passed 
the left flank of Scott's brigade, near where the General and 
his stafT sat on their horses, superintending the formation of 
the line, a shell burst directly over the head of the panting war- 
rior. " Ugh," he exclaimed in a x'oice of terror, bounding sev- 
eral feet from the ground. As he came down he fell to the 
earth, and the lad tumbled off. Springing up, the older Indian 
ran on at still greater speed than before, leaving the }'oungster 
to pick himself up and scamper away as best he might. The 
scene was greeted with a roar of laughter by the young ofificers 
around Scott, who rebuked them sharply for their levity. 

In a few moments they had plenty of serious work to occupy 
their attention. The Americans reserved their fire till the 
encm\- was within fift\- }'ards, when they poured in so deadly 
a voile}' that the British instantly fell back. They were quickly 
rallied and led to the attack, but were again met with a terrific 
fire, under which they retreated in hopeless disorder. Scott 
pursued them beyond the strip of woods before mentioned, 
when the}' fled across the Chippewa into their intrenchments 
and tore up the bridge, Scott's brigade then lay down on the 
open plain north of the woods. 

By order of General Brown, who was in the midst of the 
fight. Porter took his 200 reserve Pennsylvanians to the left of 
Scott's brigade, where they, too, lay down under the fire of the 
l^ritish artiller}'. 

After a while Ripley's brigade came out of the woods cov- 
ered with mud, having had their march for nothing, as the 
enemy they had attempted to flank had run away before their 
flank could be reached. It not being deemed best to attack 
the foe in his intrenchments, directl}- in front, the Americans 
returned at nightfall to their encampment. 

The battle of Chippewa w;is the first, during the war of 1812, 
in which a large body of British regulars were defeated in the 
open field, and the Americans w ere immensely encouraged by 
it. Enlistment thereafter was much more rapid than before. 
The total British loss, as officially reported, was 514, of whom 


between one and two hundred were found dead on the held by 
the victors. About two hundred and fifty were taken prison- 
ers, mostly wounded. The Americans had about fifty killed, a 
hundred and forty wounded and a few taken prisoners. The 
number of American re<^ulars engai^ed was 1,300. General 
Porter estimated the British regulars in the fight at 1,700. 

The Canadian Indians were so roughh' handled that they fled 
at once to the head of Lake Ontario, and ne\'er after took any 
part in the war. 

On the 7th of July, the 600 volunteers frtmi Western New 
York joined Porter's brigade, I have found no account of how 
they were organized nor of the localities from which they came. 

On the 8th, Ripley's brigade and these New York volunteers 
forced a passage of the Chippewa, three miles up, quickly driv- 
ing back the force stationed there. General Riall, finding 
himself flanked, destroyed his works and retreated rapidly to 
Oueenston and then to Fort George. Brown pursued and took 
up his quarters at Oueenston, but did not deem his force suffi- 
cient either to assault or besiege the fortress. 

On the 1 6th, Porter's brigade skirmished around the fort, to 
give the engineers a chance to reconnoitre, but nothing came 
of it. 

Meanwhile, the British received reinforcements and Brown 
determined to return to Fort Erie. Riall followed. Before 
arriving at the Falls, most of the Indians, through the arrange- 
ment of Red Jacket, obtained permission to retire to their 
homes, agreeing to return if the British Indians should again 
take the field. But the latter were perfectly satisfied with 
that terrible cirubbing in the Chippewa woods, and never again 
appeared in arms against the Americans. Nevertheless, some 
forty or fifty of our Indians remained with the army through- 
out the campaign. 

On the 25th of Jul}', Brown's ami)' encamped near Chippewa 
creek. Riall was pressing so closely on the American rear that 
Brown sent back Scott's brigade to check him. Scott met the 
enemy at l^ridgewater, just below the P"alls ; sending back word 
to his sujierior, the impetuous Virginian led his columns to the 

For an hour a desperate battle raged between Scotts single 

CAI'TUKK OK MAJOR ( il'.MlKA I, KIAI.l.. 89 

bi'ii;a(.lc aiul Riall's army, neither Ljainini; an\' decided advan- 
tai4'e. At the end of that time and but a h'ttle before niL;lit, 
l^rown arrived with the brii^ades of Ripley and Porter. 

Determinini^" to interpose a new Hne and diseni^a^e Scott's 
exhausted men, he ordered forward the two fresh brigades. 
The enemy's line was then near " Lundy's Lane," a road run- 
ninij^ at right anii^les with the riv^er, wliich it reaches a short 
distance below the h^alls. Mis artillery was on a piece of risini^ 
y^round which was the key t)f the position. 

Colonel Miller commanding a regiment of infantr)-, was 
asked by Brown if he could ca})ture it. "I can try, sir!" 
was the memorable response of the gallant officer. 

Though the regiment which should have supported Miller's 
gave way, yet the latter moved steadily up the hill. Increas- 
ing its pace, it swept forward, while its ranks were depleted at 
every step, and, after a brief but desperate struggle, carried the 
heights and captured the hostile cannon at the point of the 
bayonet. At the same time, Major Jessup's regiment drove 
back a part of the enemy's infantry, capturing Major-General 
Riall, their commander, and when General Ripley led forward 
his reserve regiment the l^ritish fell back and disajjpeared from 
the field. 

It was now eight o'clock and entirely dark. In a short time 
the enemy rallied and attempted to regain his lost artillery. 

Seldom, in all the annals of war, has a conflict been fought 
under more strange and romantic circumstances. The dark- 
ness of night was over all the combatants. A little way to the 
northeastward rolled and roared the greatest cataract in the 
world^wonderful Niagara. Its thunders subdued, yet dis- 
tinct, could be heard whenever the cannon were silent. And 
there in the darkness upon that solitary hillside, within sound 
of that mighty avalanche of water the soldiers of the young 
republic, flushed with the triumph w hich had given them their 
enemy's battle-ground antl cannon and commander, calmly 
awaited the onslaught of Mnglaml's defeated but not disheart- 
ened veterans. 

At half-past eight the .Americans saw the darkness turning 
red, far down the slope, and soon in the gloom were dimly 
outlined the advancing battalions of the foe. The red line 


came swiftly, silently and i^allantl)' up the hill, beneath the 
banners of St. George, and all the while the subdued roar of 
Niagara was rolling gently over the field. 

Suddenly the American cannon and small arms lighted up 
the scene with their angry glare, their voices drowning the 
noise of the cataract. The red battalions were torn asunder, 
and the hillside strewn with dead and dying men, but the line 
closed up and advanced still more rapidly, their fire rivaling 
that of the Americans, and both turning the night into deadly 
day. Presently the assailants ceased firing and then with thun- 
dering cheers and leveled bayonets rushed forward to the 
charge. But the American grape and canister made terrible 
havoc in their ranks, the musketry of Scott and Ripley mowed 
them down by the score, and the sharp-cracking rifles of Por- 
ter's volunteers did their work with deadly discrimination. More 
and more the assailants wavered, and when the Americans in 
turn charged bayonets, the whole British line fled at their 
utmost speed. The regulars followed but a short distance, 
being held in hand by their officers, who had no idea of plung- 
ing through the darkness against a possible reserve. But the 
volunteers chased the enemy down the slope and cai)tured a 
considerable number of prisoners. Then the Americans 
reformed their lines, and then again the murmur of the cataract 
held sway over the field. Twice during the next hour the 
British attempted to retake their cannon, and both times the 
result was the same as that of the first effort. For two hours 
after the Americans remained in line awaiting another onslaught 
of the foe, but the latter made no further attempt. Having no 
extra teams the victors were unable to take away the captured 
guns, with one exception. Accordingly, with this single tro- 
phy, with their o\\n wounded and with a hundred and sixty- 
nine prisoners, including General Riall, the iVmericans at mid- 
night returned to their encampment on the Chippewa. Their 
loss was 171 killed, 449 wounded and 1 17 missing. I^oth l^rown 
and Scott were wounded, the latter severely, and both were 
removed to Buffalo. 

The condition of the two armies is plainly shown by the 
fact that the next day the enemy allowed Ripley to burn the 
mills, barracks and bridges at Bridgewater without molestation. 

I 111, i;.\rii,K OK coNjocKKrv ( ki;i;K. 91 

The Americans then pursuetl their untroubled march to Vovt 
Kric. On their arrixal the most of the xohmteers went lionie 
havini;' served the remarkably loni^" time of three or four months. 
Nevertheless they had done i^ood service and were entitled to 
a rest accordin;4' to the views of volunteering;" then in voL;"ue. 
The regulars had been reduced by various casualties to some 
fifteen hundred men. The British, on the other hand, had 
recei\-ed reinforcements, and felt themselves stroni; enough to 
besiege the fort, if fort it might be called, which was rather a 
partially intrenched encampment. 

General Drummond's ami)- for two weeks steadily worked 
their way toward the American defences at Fort Erie. These 
consisted principally of two stone mess-houses and bastion 
known as " Old Fort Erie," a short distance east of the river 
bank, antl a natural mound half a mile south and near the lake 
which was surmounted with breast-\\orks and cannon, and 
called "Towson's batter}-." 

Between the old fort and the batter\- ran a parapet, and 
another from the old fort eastward to the river. On both the 
north and west, a dense forest came within sixty rods of the 
American works. The British erected batteries in the woods 
on the north, each one farther south than its predecessor, and 
then in the night chopped out openings through which their 
cannon could play on our works. At this time the commander 
at Fort Erie was in the habit of sending across a battalion of 
regular riflemen every night to guard the bridge over Scaja- 
quada creek, who returned each morning to the fort. 

About the loth of August a heavy British force cro.ssed the 
river at night at some point below the Scajaquada, and just 
before daylight they attempted to force their way across the 
latter stream. Their objective ])oint was doubtless the public 
stores at Black Rock and Buffalo. Being opposed by the 
riflemen before mentioned, under Major Lodowick Morgan, 
there ensued a fight of some imi)ortance, of which old men 
sometimes speak as the " l^attle of Conjockety Creek," but of 
which I have found no printed record. Even the Buffalo 
(hizctic of the da\' was silent regarding it, though it afterwards 
alluded to Major Morgan as " The hero of Conjocket)-." The 
planks of the bridge had been taken up and the riflemen lay in 


wait on the south side. When the enemy's column came up 
Morgan's men opened a destructive fire. The EngHsh pressed 
forward so boldly that some of them, when shot, fell into the 
creek and were swept down the Niagara. 

They were compelled to fall back, but again and again they 
repeated the attempt, and every time they were repulsed with 
loss. A body of militia, under Colonels Swift and Warren, 
were placed on the right of the regulars, and prevented the 
enemy from crossing farther up the creek. 

Several deserters came over to our forces, having thrown 
away their weapons and taken off their red coats, which they 
carried rolled up under their arms. They reported the enemy's 
force at seventeen hundred, but that was probably an exagger- 

After a conflict lasting several hours, the enemy retreated, 
having suffered severely in the fight. The Americans had 
eight men wounded. 

Early in the morning of the 15th of August, 18 14, the Eng- 
lish attempted to carry Fort livic by storm, under cover of 

At half-past two o'clock a column of a thousand to fifteen 
hundred men moved from the woods on the west against Tow- 
son's Battery. Though received with a terrific fire they pressed 
forward, but were at length stopped within a few )'ards of the 
American lines. They retreated in confusion and no further 
attempt was made at that point. 

Notwithstanding the strength of this attack, it was partly in 
the nature of a feint, for immediately afterwards two other 
columns issued from the forest on the north. One sought to 
force its way up along the river bank, but was easily repulsed. 
The other, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Drummond, advanced 
against the main bastion. It was defended by several heavy 
guns and field-pieces, by the Ninth United States infantry, and 
by one company each of New York and Pennsylvania volun- 
teers. Received with a withering discharge of cannon and 
musketiy, Drummond's right and left were driven back. His 
center, however, ascended the parapet, but were finalK- repulsed 
with dreadful carnage. Again Drummond led his men to the 
charge, and again they were repulsed. A third time the 

T.Rl riSII \AI,()K — DEATH OK I )kr M M( iM ). 93 

unclaiintctl I'!,n<_;Hshmfn acKanccd o\'cr i^n'ound strewn thick 
u ith the bodies of their brethren, in the face of flame from tlie 
walls (^f the bastion, and a third time they were driven back 
w ith terrible loss. 

This would have satisfied most men of any nation, and one 
cannot refrain from a tribute to Ent^lish valor of the most des- 
perate kind, w hen he learns that Drummond again rallied his 
men, led them a fourth time over that pathway of death, 
mounted the parapet in spite of the volleying frames which 
enveloped it, and actually captured the bastion at the point of 
the bayonet. 

Many American officers were killed in this terrible struggle. 
Drummond was as fierce as he was brave, and was . frequently 
heard crying to his men, " Give the damned Yankees no 
quarter." But even in the moment of apparent victory he 
met his fate — a shot from one of the last of retreatin^T Ameri- 
cans laying him dead upon the ground. Reinforcements were 
promptly sent to the endangered locality by Generals Ripley 
and Porter. A detachment of riflemen attacked the British in 
the bastion but were repulsed. 

Another and larger force repeated the attack but also failed. 
The Americans prepared for a third charge, and two batteries 
were playing upon the heroic band of Britons. 

Suddenl)- the whole scene was lighted up by a vast column 
of flame, the earth shook to the water's edge, the ear was deaf- 
ened by a fearful sound which re-echoed far over the river. 

A large amount of cartridges stored in one of the mess- 
houses adjoining the bastion had been reached by a cannon 
ball and exploded. One instant the fortress, the forest, the river, 
the dead, the dx'ing and the maddened li\ing were revealed 
by that fearful glare ; the next all was enveloped in darknes.s, 
while the shrieks of hundreds of Britons in more terrible a<Ton\' 
than e\-en the soldier often suffers, pierced the murk}- and sul- 
phurous air. 

The Americans saw their opportunity and redoubled the fire 
of their artiller)'. For a few moments the conquerors of the 
bastion maintained their positions, but half their number, 
including most of their officers, were killed or wounded, their 
commander was slain, and the\- were da/ed and o\ erwiielmed 


by the calamity that had so unexpectedly befallen them. After 
a few volleys they fled in utter confusion to the friendly forest. 

As they went out of the bastion, the Americans dashed in, 
snatching a hundred and eighty-six prisoners from the rear of 
the flying foe. Besides these there remained on the ground 
they had so valiantly contested, two hundred and twenty-one 
English dead, and a hundred and seventy-four wounded, nearly 
all in and around that single bastion. Besides these, there were 
the wounded who were carried away by their comrades, includ- 
ing nearly all who fell in the other two columns. The Ameri- 
cans had twenty six killed and ninety-two wounded. 

Seldom had there been a more gallant attack, and seldom a 
more disastrous repulse. During the fight the most intense 
anxiety prevailed on this side. 

The tremendous cannonade a little after midnight told 
plainly enough that an attack was being made. Nearly ever\- 
human being who resided among the ruins of Buffalo and Black- 
Rock, and many in the country around, were up and watching. 
All expected that if the fort should be captured, the enemy 
would immediately cross, and the horrors of the previous Win- 
ter would be repeated. Many packed up and prepared for in- 
stant flight. Then the explosion came, the shock startled even 
the war-seasoned inhabitants of Buffalo. Some thought the 
British had captured the fort and had blown it up, others im- 
agined that the Americans had penetrated to the British camp 
and blown that up ; and all awaited the coming of morn with 
nerves strung to their utmost tension. 

It was noon-day light when boats crossed the river from the 
fort, and the news of another American victory was soon scat- 
tered far and wide through the country. 

A day or two afterwards the wounded prisoners wei'e sent to 
the hospital at Williamsville, and the unwounded to the depot 
of prisoners near Albany. Mr. William Hodge relates that 
when the wagons filled with blistered, blackened men halted 
near his father's house, the\' begged for liquor to drown their 
pain, but some of the unhurt who marched on foot, were saucy 
enough. Looking at the brick house rising on the ruins of the 
former one, the)' declared they would burn it again within a year. 
The)' could not, however, have been ver)' anxious to escape, for 

(;knkka[. r.isowx kf.sumes command. 95 

tlic}- were escorted b\- onl)' a \'er)- small i^^uard. Man\- of the 
prisoners were Hijjjhlanders, of the Glen<,^arry regiment. 

Having failed to carry the fort by assault, the Hritish settled 
down to a regular siege. 

Closer and closer their lines were drawn antl their batteries 
erectetl, the dense forest affording every facilit)' iov uninter- 
rupted api^roach. Reinforcements constantly arrived at the 
I^nglish camp, wliilc not a solitar)' regular soldier was added 
to the constantly diminishing force of the Americans. 

B}- the latter part of August, their case had become so des- 
perate that (jovernor Tompkins called out all the militia \\est 
of the Genesee r// j/iasse, and ordered them to Buffalo. The}' 
are said by Turner to have responded with great alacrity. 

Arriving at Buffalo, the officers were first assembled and 
General Porter called on them to volunteer to cross the river. 
There was considerable hurrying back, but the General made 
another speech, and under his stinging words most of the 
officers volunteered. 

The men were then called on to follow their example, and a 
force of about fifteen hundred was raised. 

The Forty-eighth regiment furnished one company. Colonel 
Warren volunteered and crossed the river, but was sent back 
with other supernumerary officers and placed in command of 
the militia remaining at Buffalo. 

The volunteers were conveyed across the river at night, 
about the loth of September, and encamped along the lake 
shore above Towson's battery, behind a sod of breast-work 
hastily erected by themselves. They were commanded by 
General Porter, who bivouacked in their midst, under whom 
was Gen. Daniel Davis, of Le Roy. General J^rown had 
resumed command of the whole American force. 

At this time the enemy was divided into three brigades of 
fourteen or fifteen hundred men, each one of which was kept 
on duty in their batteries every three days, while the other two 
remained at the main camp on a farm a mile and a half west of 
the fort. 

Immediately after the arrival of the volunteers, a plan was 
concerted to break in on the enemy's operations b}' a sortie. 

The British had openctl two batteries and were nearl)- read)- 


to unmask another still nearer and in a more dangerous posi- 
tion. This was called battery " No. 3." the one next " No. 2," 
and the furthest one "No. i." 

It was determined to make an attack on the 17th of Sep- 
tember, before battery No. 3 could be completed. 

On the 1 6th, Majors Fraser and Riddle, both of^cers of the 
regular army acting as aides to General Porter, each followed by 
a hundred men, fifty of each party being armed and fifty pro- 
vided with axes, proceeded from the camp of the volunteers, 
by a circuitous route through the woods to within a short dis- 
tance of battery No. 3. Thence each detachment cut out 
the underbrush so as to make a track back to camp over the 
swampy ground, curving, when necessary, to avoid the most 
miry places. The work was accomplished without the British 
having the slightest suspicion of what was going on. This was 
the most dif^cult part of the whole enterprise. 

In the forenoon of the 17th the whole of the volunteers were 
paraded, the enterprise was revealed to them, and a handbill 
was read announcing the glorious victories won on Lake Cham- 
plain and at Plattsburg a few days before. The news was jo}'- 
fully received, and the sortie enthusiastically welcomed. The 
volunteers not being uniformed, every one was required to lay 
aside his hat or cap and wxar on his head a red handkerchief or 
a piece of cloth which was furnished. Not an officer or man 
wore any other head-gear except General Porter. 

At noon that commander led forth the principal attacking 
body from the volunteer camp. The advance consisted of two 
hundred volunteers under Colonel Gibson. Behind them came 
the column designed for storming the batteries, composed of 
four hundred regulars followed by five hundred volunteers, all 
commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Wood. These took the 
right-hand track, cut out the day before. Another column of 
nearly the same strength, mostly volunteers, under General 
Davis, intended to hold the enemy's reinforcements in check and 
co-operate in the attack, took the left-hand road. At the same 
time a body of regulars under General Miller was concealed in 
a ravine near the northwest corner of the intrenchments, pre- 
pared to attack in front at the proper time. The rest of the 
troops were held in reserx'c under General Riplc)-. Just after 


the main column startctl it bcL;'an to rain and continued to do 
so throughout the afternoon. Tlie march was necessarily slow 
along the swampy winding pathway, and had it not been for 
the underbrushed tracks the columns would probably have lost 
their way or been dela\x'd till nightfall. 

At nearly 3 o'clock Porter's command arrived at the end of 
the track within a few rods of battery No. 3, entirely unsus- 
pected b)' its occupants. The final arrangements being made, 
they moved on, and in a few moments emerged upon the 
astonished workers and their guard. With tremendous cheer, 
which was distinctly heard across the river, thoi men rushed 
forward, and the whole force in the battery thoroughly sur- 
prised and overwhelmed by numbers, at once surrendered 
without hardly firing a shot. The attack was the signal for the 
advance of Miller's regulars, who sprang up out of their ravine 
and hurried forward, directing their steps toward battery No. 2. 
Leaving a detachment to spike and dismount the captured can- 
non, both of Porter's columns dashed forward toward the same 
object, General Davis leading his volunters and co-operating 
closely with Wood. They arrived at the same time as Miller. 
They were received with a heavy fire, but the three commands 
combined and carried the battery at the point of the bayonet. 
Leaving another party to spike and dismount the cannon, the 
united force pressed forward toward battery No. i. But by 
this time the whole British army was alarmed and reinforce- 
ments were rapidly arriving. Nevertheless, the Americans 
attacked and captiu'ed battery No. I after a severe conflict. 

How gallantly they were led is shown by the fact that all of 
Porter's principal commanders were shot down — Gibson at bat- 
tery No. 2 ; Wood while approaching No. i, and Davis while 
gallantly mounting a parapet between the two batteries at the 
head of his men. In the last struggle, too, General Porter him- 
self was slightly wounded by a sword cut on his hand, and tem- 
porarily taken prisoner, but was immediately secured b}' his 
own men. 

Of course in a sortie the assailants are not expected to hold 
the conquered ground. The work in this case had been as 
completely done as in any sortie ever made, and after battejy 
No. I had been captured a retreat was ordered to the fort, 


where the victorious troops arri\ed just before sunset. The 
loss of the Americans was sevent)'-nine killed and 214 wounded; 
very few, if any, captured. Four hundred British were taken 
prisoners, a large number killed and wounded, and what was 
far more important, all the results of nearly two months' labor 
were entirely overthrown. 

So completely were their plans destro}'ed b)- this brilliant 
assault that only four days afterwards General Drummond 
raised the siege and retired down the Niagara. After the 
enemy retreated the volunteers were dismissed with the thanks 
of their commanders, having saved the American army from 
losing its last hold on the western side of the Niagara. 

The relief of Fort Erie was one of the most skillfully planned 
and gallantly executed sorties ever made. Gen. Napier, the 
celebrated British soldier and military historian, mentions it as 
one of very few cases in which a single sortie had compelled 
the raising of a siege. 

Very high credit was given to General Porter, both for his 
eloquence in engaging the volunteers and his skill in leading 

The press sounded his praises, the citizens of Batavia ten- 
dered him a dinner, the governor breveted him a major-general, 
and Congress voted him a gold medal, he being, I think, the 
only ofificer of volunteers to whom that honor was awarded 
during the war of 1812. The raising of the siege of P\~)rt Erie 
was substantially the close of the war on the Niagara frontier. 
A few unimportant skirmishes took place, but nothing that 
need be recorded here. 

All the troops except a small guard were withdrawn from 
Fort Erie to Buffalo. It was known during the Winter that 
commissioners were trying to negotiate a peace at Ghent, and 
there was a universal desire for their success. 

In this vicinity, at least, the people had had enough of the 
glories of war. On the 15th of Januar\', 1S15, the news of the 
victory of New Orleans was announced in an extra of the Buf- 
falo Gazette, but although it occasioned general rejoicing, }'et 
the delight was by no means so great as when, a week later, the 
people of the ravaged frontier were informed of the signing of 
the treaty of Ghent. 


I'ost-ridcrs, as they dclivcrctl letters, doctors, as thev' visited 
their patients, ministers, as they journej'ed to meet their back- 
woods con<jre<^ations, spread everywhere the welcome news of 
peace. General Nott, in his reminiscences, relates that the first 
sermon in Sardinia was preached at his Jiouse by " Father 
Spencer." early in 181 5. There was a large gatherint,r. The 
people had heard that the good missionary had a newspaper 
announcing the conclusion of peace, and the}' were, most of 
them, probably more anxious to have their ho[)es in that respect 
confirmed than for ought else. 

h\'ither Spencer was not disposed to tantalize them, and im- 
mediately on rising to begin the service, he took the paper 
from his pocket, saying: "I bring you news of peace." He 
then read the official announcement, and it may be presumed 
that the gratified congregation afterwards listenqd all the more 
earnestly to the news of divine peace, which it was the minis- 
ter's especial province to deliver. 

In a very brief time the glad tidings penetrated to the most 
secluded cabins in the country, and all the people turned with 
joyful anticipations to the half-suspended pursuits of peace- 
ful life. 




As a rule, the pioneers of the Holland Purchase were men of 
splendid pJiysiquc\ intelligent, self-reliant and possessed great 
strength, courage and endurance, which stood them well in 
hand in the herculean task they had in rescuing this fair 
domain from a savage state They came of a noble race and 
could trace tl^ieir lineage back to the pilgrims who landed on 
Plymouth Rock, through the bloody times that tried men's 
souls during the dark days of the Revolution. And they had 
come here actuated in part by the same bold spirit that had 
prompted their ancestors to leave the comfortable abodes of 
civilization and to seek new homes in the Western world, 
across three thousand miles of trackless ocean. They had left 
the homes and scenes of their childhood and bid good-bye to 
early associates and friends, turned their faces toward the 
setting sun, and with their wives and little ones had started 
forth on their long and weary journey towards their future 
homes. P'or weeks and weeks they continued their course 
with slow and toilsome progress, sometimes compelled to camp 
in the wilderness, and cook and sleep beside some fallen tree. 
And when at last arrived at their destination, within the dense 
forests of the Holland Purchase, hundreds of miles away from 
any city or large village, and without post offices or mails to 
aid them in communicating \\\\.\\ their Plastern friends, the\' 
selected lands and built their log cabins, without lumber or 
nails, and entered upon a new mode of life. They had health, 
strength, energy and perseverance, and soon the sound of their 
axes and the crashing of falling trees were heard in every 
direction. And as the great forest receded year by year before 
their sturd}' blows, smiling fields of grass and grain appeared in 


its stead. The loi^" cabins aiul lunels that they were com- 
pelled at first to occupy, in due time gave place to commodi- 
ous barns and comfortable dwellings. 

And if the sons inherited the wisdom, courage and valor of 
the sires, what shall be said of the daugliters? Endowed with 
tile s[)irit and fortitude of the Spartan mothers, who. in times 
of extremit}-, became trul\- heroic ; still possessing" the gentle- 
ness, tender solicitude and undying love, that has ever distin- 
guished the pure \\'oman from the sterner sex. They cheer- 
fully shared all the toils, trials and dangers, incident to that 
period, and they were the guardian angels that watched over 
the pioneer's log cabin, ministering to him and his in sickness 
and caring for their comforts in health. Their thrifty and 
diligent hands, with wheel and distaff, supplied most all the 
creature-comforts that were enjoyed in their humble homes. 
And it was their province and mission to smooth the rugged 
pathwa)' of progress ; commencing' in the great primeval forest 
and in the lowly bark-covered cabins and carried forward step 
by step and )'ear by year, up to its present state of luxury and 
refinement, which many of them lived to enjoy. Those dear 
old mothers! their useful li\es may have given them but few 
opportunities for culture and accomplishments. They may 
have know n but little of letters or of the sciences, but there 
were two problems, that these sainted mothers had solved, 
that proved a benison to those around them — i.e. a sweet accept- 
ance of the life that is, and an unfaltering assurance of the life 
to come. This rendered them cheerful at all times, and made 
them a tower of strength in the darkest trials, and their toil- 
worn hands have smoothed many a sufferer's d\-ing pillow, 
and their plain manner of speech has sustained many a sinking 
soul when called to meet " the hour and article of death." 
The deeds of the mothers should be hallowed in memory 
above all things else and ma)- (jod bless them ; for most of 
them have fulfilled their mission ; and the wheels havx^ ceased 
their turning, and for them the brittle thread on life's distaff has 
been broken. But ne\er let the memory of them depart, in the 
glitter and glow of modern days. Give them the warmest 
place in your hearts, and whenever you breathe their names, 
let it be in the hoh' and sacred dei)ths of affection. 



" Through the deep wilderness, where scarce the sun 
Can cast his darts, along the winding path 
The Pioneer is treading. In his grasp 
Is his keen ax, that wondrous instrument, 
That like the talisman, transforms 
Deserts to fields and cities. He has left 
The home in which his early years were past, 
And, led by hope, and full of restless strength. 
Has plunged within the forest, there to plant 
His destiny. Beside some rapid stream 
He rears his log-built cabin. When the chains 
Of Winter fetter Nature, and no sound 
Disturbs the echoes of the dreary woods, 
Save when some stem cracks sharply with the frost ; 
Then merrily rings his ax, and tree on tree 
Crash to earth ; and when the long keen night 
Mantles the wilderness in solemn gloom. 
He sits beside his ruddy hearth, and hears 
The fierce wolf snarling at the cabin door, 
Or through the lowly casement sees his eye 
Gleam like a burning coal." 


All the Colony of New York west of the river countie.s, was 
nominally a tract of Albany county up to 1772. In 1784, 
Tryon county, of which Erie was nominally a part, was changed 
to Montgomery. In 1789, the County of Ontario was erected 
from Montgomery, including all west of Seneca lake — a territory 
now comprising thirteen or foui"teen counties. 

The Town of North Hampton covered all the Western part 
of the State. In the Spring of 1802, the County of Genesee 
was erected, comprising the whole of the State west of the 
Genesee river, and of a line running south from the mouth of 
the Canaseraga creek to the Pennsylvania line. The Town of 
North Hampton was divided into four towns; one of them was 
Batavia, which contained all of the Holland Purchase. The 
county seat was fixed at Batavia, a village that was to be. In 
1804, Batavia was divided into four towns. The first, second 
and third ranges were called Batavia; the fourth, fifth and sixth 
ranges were called Willink, and the seventh, eighth, ninth and 


tciitli raiii^cs were called Erie; the reniaiiuler of the I' 
WcsJ was called Cliautauc]ua. These raii<(es were six inilcs 
wide and running- from the Pennsv'lvania line north to Lake 
Ontario, about one hundred miles in lent^th. March 11, i!So7,the 
Counties of Niagara, Cattaraugus and Chautau(|ua were taken 
from Genesee count}-. 

In 1807, the Count)- of Niagara was divided into three towns. 
All that pnvi north of the Tonawanda creek was called Cambria; 
all the territor}- between the Tonawanda creek and the center 
of the I^ufTalo Creek reservation was called Clarence; all 
between the center of the Buffalo Creek reservation and the 
Cattaraugus creek was called Willink. 

March 20, 1812, the Town of Willink was divided into four 
towns — Willink, Hamburg, Eden and Concord. The Town of 
Willink then comprised the Towns of Aurora, Wales, Holland 
and Colden. The Town of Hamburg comprised the present 
Towns of Hamburg and East Hamburg. The To\\n of Eden 
comprised the present Towns of Eden, Evans and Boston. 
Concord comprised the present Towns of Concord, Sardinia, 
Collins and North Collins. March 16, 1821, Concord was 
divided into Concord, Collins and Sardinia. April 2, 1821, 
Erie county \\as formed from Niagara, comprising all that part 
of Niagara count)- K'i ng between the Tonaw^anda and Cattarau- 
gus creeks. On the 24th day of November, 1852, the Town of 
Shirley \\-as formed from Collins, and the next Spring it was 
changed to North Collins. 




Name ok Town. 

Buffalo . . . . 
Clarence . . . 
Amherst. . . 
*Newstead . 



East Hamburg 



Tonawanda . . . 






Sardinia .... 

North Collins. . 





West Seneca. . . 



Grand Island. . . 












Names of the FujstSettlek.s in each 
Respective Town in Ekie County. 


Cornelius Winney 

Asa Ransom 

John Thompson 

Peter Vandeventer 

■i'Dydimus Kinne}' 

Charles Johnson 

Joel Harvey. 

\ Ezekiel Smith, David Eddy ) 

( and others \ 

James and Amos Woodward. 
Jabez Warren, Taber Earle ) 

and Henry Godfrey \ 

Alex. Logan, John 

and John Hershey. 
Oliver Pattengil and William ) 

Allen \ 

Arthur Humphrc}^ and Ab- I 

ner Cumer \ 

Christopher Stone and John / 

Albro ( 

Jacob Taylor and others of I 

the Quaker Mission \ 

Benj., Joseph and Sam'l Tubbs 

Apollus Hitchcock 

Geo. Richmond and Ezra Nott 
I Stephen Sisson, Abram 
I Tucker s 
i wick 

Richard Buffom 

Moses Fenno 

Moses Tucker 

Reuben Sackett 

Taber Earle 

Jerry and Joseph Carpenter. . . 

and Enos South- 

C 5 

> « 







1 82 I 





* Organized as Erie ; changed to Ncwstead-, 1831. 

t Dydiraus Kinney was the first while settler in the South Towns ; his house stood on Jere- 
miah Pierce's farm, on the left hand as you go towards While's Corners, and northwest of 
the orchard on a low ridge of land in the meadow. 

i:.\Ki.\' lowN ()1'I1(i;ks. 105 


The original Town of Concord was orL;ani/.cd b\- tlu; legis- 
lature March 20, 1812. It comprised the present towns of 
Sardinia, Concord, Collins, North Collins and part of Brant. 
It is to be regretted that there is no record of this town in 
existence. The great fire that occurred in Spring\ille in the 
Summer of 1868, destroyed the old town book, and the author 
has to reh' upon his menior)' of the records made in this book. 
and also the recollections of the old settlers. He is certain that 
the first record was, that the town meeting was held at the house 
of John Albro, in the Spring of 1812 ; that Thomas M. Barrett 
was chosen Supervisor, Amaziah Ashman, Town Clerk, 
Solomon Field, Collector, and Jonathan Townsend, Overseer 
of the Poor. The town bounds remained unchanged up to 
1821 ; and the place of holding the town meetings was subject 
to the will of the electors. For four or five years these meet- 
ings were held at Springville, but the author learns from talking 
with some of the venerable men who have a di^itinct recollec- 
tion of those times, that it was once held on Townsend Hill. 
After a time, quite a spirit of dissatisfaction was manifested by 
those living in the east and west parts of the town, for Spring- 
ville and vicinity not only monopolized the place of holding 
these meetings, but it enabled them to secure also, the most of 
the important offices. This led to a fusion of the electors of 
the east and west parts, and upon one occasion they rallied 
their forces and \'Oted the town meeting to Taylor Hollow, in 
the extreme west part of the town, and from thence it was 
adjourned to Sardinia, near the east bounds of the town, for 
the next year. The action of the electors in carrying these 
extreme measures caused those living in the central part of the 
town to consent to a division, which was soon after effected. 
For the first eight consecutive years after the organization of 
the town, there is no evidence that there was any other man 
except Thomas M. Barrett, who held the ofifice of Supervisor. 
The author, in looking o\'er the first records of the Town of 
Collins, bearing date 1821, finds it recorded, that a committee was 
appointed "to settle with Frederick Richmond, late Supervisor 
of the town," so it appears, that he at least held the office one 
year. During this time he learns that John Lanton, " Gen." 


Knox, " Dea." Russell, and Mr. Abbey held the important 
office of Commissioner of Highways; and he also learns that 
Harry Sears succeeded Fields as Collector. The Justices of 
the Peace, were not elected by the people, but were appointed 
by the authorities at Albany. 



Most of the early settlers in these towns came from the New 
England states and the eastern part of the State of New York, 
but few came from New Jersey or Pennsylvania. More in pro- 
portion came from Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island and 
Connecticut than from New Hampshire or Maine. The route 
generally taken was through the Mohawk valley by Utica, Can- 
andaigua, Avon and Batavia to Buffalo, then out here. Some 
turned off near the Genesee river and came through on the 
" Fig Tree Road," that passes through Wales, Aurora and Ham- 
burg. Others turned off the main route near the Genesee and 
came through by Pike and Arcade. Others again came by the 
way of New York, across New Jersey and a corner of Pennsyl- 
vania to the Susquehanna river, and by different routes made 
their way here. Many came on foot, sometimes one alone and 
sometimes two or more in compan}\ Some came with horses 
and sleighs, or horses and wagons, but more came with oxen 
and sleds, or oxen and wagons than any other way. It generally 
took them about twenty-five days to come from the New Eng- 
land states here. 

" New-comers were always warmly welcomed b)' their prede- 
ces.sors, partly, doubtless, from motives of kindness, and parth' 
because each new arrival helped to redeem the forest from its 
forbidding loneliness and add to the value of improx'cments 
already made." If there were already a few settlers in the 
locality, the emigrant's family was sheltered by one of them 
until notice could be given of a 


P'or log houses, the logs used were general!}- from eight to 
eighteen inches in diameter and twelve, fourteen, si.xteen, eight- 
een and twenty feet in length. It required the assistance of a 

lUll.DlM. •nil'. 1.0(i CAIJIN. 107 

ckjy.cii <ir more ahlc-hodicci men to put up the bod)' of such a 
house, ami, at first, the country had to be scoured for many 
miles to obtain that number (and sometimes half of that num- 
ber had to suffice). " The hands '" were in\ited to come to 
the raising;- on a specified da\' — the lo^s were cut in ad- 
\ance — and were drawn to the desired spot by oxen and four 
of the Iart;"est ones selectetl for the bottom logs. Four of the 
most active and experienced men were chosen to cut the cor- 
ners." The\- bet^an b)' cutting;" a saddle at the ends of the two 
lo^q,s, a space tweKe to eii;hteen inches long, shaped like the 
roof of a house. Notches to fit these saddles were cut near the 
ends of two other loi;"s and then they w ere laid at right angles 
upon the first two. The operation was repeated again and 
again, the four axe men rising with tlie building and cutting 
saddles on the top near the end of the side logs and cutting 
notches in the end logs to fit them, as they were handed up to 
them b\' their comrades. After the building was up five feet or 
so, ropes or chains would be attached to the ends of the logs, and 
the men on the building would pull while the others lifted or 
pushed from below. And if they had no ropes or chains, the\' 
sometimes would cut a bush ten or twelve feet high and form 
a loop by withing the twigs together and slip it over the end 
of the logs and pull on that. They also, sometimes, used what 
was called a " horse," which was a crotched stick six feet or 
more long with the crotch at the upper end, and strong pins 
through the lower end to lift by. 

Having arrived at the height of six or seven feet, notches 
were cut on the top of the two top side logs and poles six or 
seven inches in diameter laid across to serv^e as joists for the 
chamber for the chamber floor. General!}' the building was 
raised one, two or three tiers of logs higher than the chamber 
floor. After the body of the house was raised to the required 
height, sometimes rafters made of jjoles from the forest were 
placed in position, and sometimes the gable ends were built up 
with logs, with poles running lengthwise of the building and 
about three feet apart, and fitted into them (the gables) for the 
support of the roof. Most of the earliest roofs were made of elm 
or other kinds of bark, laid rough side up, and held in its place by 
the weight of poles resting on top of it and running lengthwase 


of the building. Some roofs were made of " shakes, " that is, 
rough shingles three or more feet long, generally made of white 
ash, pine or oak. Another kind of roof was made by cutting 
small-sized basswood logs the desired length and splitting them 
through the center, and then digging out the inner side from 
end to end. "trough fashion."' Then placing them on the roof 
one-half of them with the hollowed side up. and the other half 
with the hollowed side down and placed over the first in such a 
manner that the water that fell on the rounding side of the top 
ones would run into the grooves in the lower ones and from 
there to the ground. A place for a door was then sawed out 
and another for a window, and sometimes places for two win- 
dows. A blanket frequently served for a door in the Summer 
time the first year, and doors were sometimes made of plank or 
boards split out of white ash or basswood and hewed down, and 
hung on wooden hinges and held closed with a wooden latch 
and catch, with a " latch-string hanging outside the door." 
Sometimes they had one or more windows with four or six 
lights of glass, but they were frequently compelled to use 
greased paper as a substitute for glass. Floors were made of 
"puncheons" split out of basswood logs and hewed down with 
a narrow axe. Cook stoves had not then been invented, and 
fire-places were universally used ; brick were not to be had. and 
chimneys were made of stone, wood and mud. " Dutch chim- 
neys " were the most common among the early settlers ; they 
consisted of a stone back built up about six feet high, more or 
less, and of about the same width. Instead of jams wooden 
arms, either straight or curv-ing downwards, were fastened at 
their lower ends into the logs on each side of the stone back, 
about three feet from the floor, with their upper ends resting 
against the beam overhead on which the chamber floor was 
laid. On and from these arms the chimney was built up and 
topped out with sticks and mortar, and when thoroughly plas- 
tered from top to bottom was considered finished. 

Some chimneys were built entirely of stone, and had jams to 
the fire places. A pole called the " lug pole " was put into 
and through all the early chimneys. It was placed directly 
over the fire and five or six feet above the hearth, which was 
made of flat stone. Sometimes a wooden hook from three to 



four feet long was hooked over the "lug pole," and which had one 
or more notches near the lower end in which to hang the bails 
of pots and kettles. And sometimes a chain would be used for 
the same purpose, and sometimes families that could afford the 
e.xpense would ha\e " trammels."' The\- were made of two 
bars of iron, one thin and flat, and about two inches wide, with 
the top end bent over in a half circle, so as to hook over the 
"lug pole," and the remainder perforated with holes about half 
an inch in diameter and two or three inches apart. The other 
bar was about half an inch in diameter, with a hook at the 
lower end. and an inch or two of the upper end bent at right 
angles with the bod>' of the bar. and made to fit into the holes 
in the flat bar so that the hook could be raised or lowered as 
occasion required. 

The cracks between the logs were generally chinked up with 
three-cornered pieces of timber, split out of small basswood 
trees, fitted in and plastered with mud both outside and inside. 
Sometimes the cracks between the logs would be closed up 
with moss gathered in the woods. Occasionally houses were 
built with logs hewed on both sides before they were raised ; 
these were called " block houses." 


After the pioneers had a house or shanty built, and had got 
rigged up ready to commence housekeeping, the next task was 
to clear some land. If the settler arrived very earh- in the 
season he would be able, and generally did, clear off a small 
piece in time to plant some corn and potatoes and sow some 
turnips; but his greatest ambition was to get several acres 
ready for Winter wheat in the Fall. To do this he worked hard, 
early and late, unless interrupted b)- sickness. The first business 
was to cut down the trees — in this man}- of the pioneers ac- 
quired great skill : the}' would so cut and guide a tree as to 
have it fall in most cases, exactly where the}- wanted it. In 
cutting timber for the purpose of clearing land, several differ- 
ent methods were practiced by the early settlers. One was to 
cut down the trees, then trim out the tops, that is, cut off the 
limbs and pile the brush into large heaps, then cut the bodies 


up into lo^s of from twelve to twenty feet in length, depend- 
ing upon the size of the trees. This method was generally 
pursued when they intended to clear the land the same year. 

Another method was to "windrow" the timber; this was 
done by cutting all the trees on a strip of land four, live or six 
rods in width so that their tops would all fall from both sides 
of the strip into the center, and form a row the whole length of 
the strip, while the bodies of the trees on the right hand and 
left hand sides laid angling and at different angles with the 
center of the row. After the trees were felled, the limbs on 
the top side were generally cut off or lopped down. Windrows 
were made parallel to each other and w^ere from four to six- 
rods apart from center to center. 

Another method of cutting timber for the purpose of clear- 
ing land, was "slashing it down." This consisted simpl)' in 
cutting down the trees and letting them fall in any direction 
without trimming them out, or cutting up the bodies. Some- 
times choppers when slashing timber down would cut what was 
called a "drive" where the timber was thick and large, and the 
lay of the land and the range of the trees was favorable. They 
would commence at a certain point and cut all the trees partly 
down for a considerable distance and sometimes over an extent 
of several acres, and each successive tree was so cut that when 
it fell it was so guided or drawn as surel}' to strike the next 
intended tree, whether it stood straight ahead or sometimes to 
the right or left. When all was ready the large tree, which for 
its size and location had been selected for the "driver," was cut 
and fell against the next tree and that against the second, and 
the second against the third, and the third against the fourth, 
and so on, until they all went thundering and crashing down 

After the timber on a piece of land had been cut down for 
the purpose of clearing the land, and left to lay a considerable 
time, it was called a " fallow," and when the brush was burned 
it was called " burning a fallow." After the timber had lain a 
sufficient length of time and the brush had become sufficientl}' 
dry to satisf}' the owner, a day was selected when the weather 
was favorable to set on fire and " burn the fallow." " Fallows" 
were burned during a dry time, and on a day when the sun 


CHOPJMN(; AXD L()(;(;iN<;. iii 

shone bright, and i^encrally set from 12 to 2 o'clock V. M. 
The}' wore iisuall}' set in several places about the same time ; 
and presently the blaze would shoot up here and there in dif- 
ferent parts all o\'er the fallow; and rapidly extendini^ and in- 
creasini;" the flames would swa\' to and fro, and at times rise 
nearl\- to the hei«^ht of the tallest trees ; the heat, the ^lare, the 
crackling, the swaying, and the roar of the fierce and consum- 
in<; flames, as witnessed at the burning' of a large "fallow" 
])resented a grand and exciting scene. 

Timber that was slashed or windrowed was left a year and 
a half or two years or more, until it became very dry, before 
the brush was burned. And sometimes the brush and timber 
became so dry that when it was fired the brush was all burned 
up, and a considerable portion of the timber, besides the soil 
of the land being burned and materiall)' injured b)' the fire in 
some instances. 

After the brush had been burned on a piece of land where 
the timber had been "slashed" or "windrowed" the bodies of 
the trees had to be cut up the proper logging length before the 
logging commenced. The bodies of the trees were generally 
considerably seasoned and quite hard. A custom prevailed to 
some extent with the choppers to " nigger off" the largest logs 
while they were chopping up the smaller ones. It was done 
in this way : Notches were cut at proper distances on top of 
the large trees and places hollowed out, coals put on, a fire 
started and sticks laid across at right angles with tlie log and 
when the}' burned up other sticks of wood, brands or poles were 
laid across, and renewed from time to time until the large logs 
were burned through and off. After the fire got well started 
it was not much trouble to keep it going, and a man could at- 
tend to and "nigger off" twenty or thirty large logs while 
he was chopping up the remaining smaller ones in the 

After the brush had been burned and the trees cut into logs, 
the next business in order was the logging. When the piece to 
be logged was small and the pioneer owned a yoke of oxen, he 
would hire or change works with two or three helpers, and if 
he did //ot own a yoke of oxen he would hire or change works 
with some man that did, and with two or more neighbors, and 


they together would " log " about an acre a day. Sometimes 
small pieces of land were so far cleared of timber as to produce 
crops without the use of any team whatever. Frequently land 
would be chopped and cleared by the job at a specified price 
per acre. Jobs of from five to ten acres were frequently let. 
and jobs of fifteen or twenty acres were let less frequently, and 
occasionally, but not often, jobs of from thirty to forty acres 
were cleared. 

In pioneer times the practice of having "logging bees" was 
quite common. When a large tract was to be logged, the 
settlers for several miles around were invited to a " bee." At the 
appointed time^from fifteen to thirty men would be present. 
About half a dozen would bring ox teams and the balance 
would be provided with hand-spikes or cant-hooks. To do the 
business up properly and expeditiously it required three or four 
hand-spike men to each team. 

The owner of the land, or some other experienced man, 
would select places to build the different heaps, and the work 
began and the bee commenced. 

The logs were rapidly drawn or " snaked " alongside the 
heap, and then the hand-spike men quickly rolled them to the 
proper place. Another and another was snaked up in rapid 
succession, the handspike men being always ready to unhitch it 
if it caught against a root or stump. As it tore along the 
ground, the black dust flew up in every direction. Soon every 
man was covered with a black coat of coal-dust and soot, 
involving clothes, hands and face in " outer darkness." But 
the work went on still more rapidly. The several gangs caught 
the spirit of rivalry, and each strove to make the quickest trips 
and the largest pile. The oxen would sometimes get as excited 
as the men, and would " snake " their loads into place with 
ever-increasing energy. Teams that understood their business 
would ' stand quiet while the chain was being hitched, then 
spring with all their might, taking a bee-line to the log heap^ 
and halt when they came to the right spot. Faster and faster 
sped the men and teams to and fro, harder strained the hand- 
spike men to increase the pile, higher flew the clouds of dust 
and soot, reckless of danger, men sprang in front of rolling logs 


or boiiiulcd over them as the}- went \\hirHn<^ amoiii;" the stumps. 
Accidents sometimes happened, but it was a wonder that the 
number was not increased tenfold. 

As the day draws to a close a thick cloud covers the field, 
through which are seen a host of sooty forms, four-legged ones 
with horns, and two-legged ones with hand-spikes, pulling, run- 
ning, lifting and shouting, until night descends, and the tired, yet 
still excited laborers clothed in blackness, return to their homes. 

If the weather was favorable, the log heaps were frequently 
set on fire that evening, and, within a few hours, the thirty or 
forty brightly blazing piles glimmered in the darkness and illu- 
minated the heavens similar to the burning buildings of a vil- 
lage or city. If left alone while burning the heaps would all 
burn out in the center, leaving some parts of logs and brands 
at the sides and ends that would not burn up, so it was neces- 
.sary for men to go around and " put up " the heaps, that is, roll 
the logs in together and throw on the brands. After the several 
heaps had burned all they would, there would still be a fe\v 
brands remaining, and the " fallow " had to be " branded up." 
and the)' were drawn from all parts of the fallow into one or 
more places and re-piled and set on fire and kept burning until 
entirely consumed. 


The very earliest settler followed the practice of making 
more or less sugar every spring. All over the country grew the 
sugar-maple and there was hardly a lot large enough for a farm 
on which there was not a "sugar bush." The first thing the 
pioneer had to do when preparing for sugar-making was to make 
a lot of " sap-troughs," they were generally made of cucumber, 
basswood, ash, butternut or cherry timber. Trees from twelve 
to eighteen inches in diameter were cut down and logs from 
two and a half to three feet in length cut off, and split 
open through the center, then the inside portion was dug out, 
leaving the sides and bottom an inch or an inch and a half 
thick, and the ends two or three inches thick and each trough 
large enough to hold from one to two pails full of sap. " Store 
troughs," for storing sap were generally made from large cu- 
cumber trees, from two to three feet in diameter and from 



twelve to twent}' feet in length, and it required from one to 
three to each " sugar bush." Trees were tapped b)' cutting a 
notch in the side of the tree inclining downwards and inwards 
with a narrow axe and drix'ing a wooden spout about a foot 
long into an orifice made by a tapping gauge, just below the 
lower end of the notch. The sap was boiled b\- the early set- 
tlers sometimes in cauldron kettles, but mostly in kettles hold- 
ing fi\^e pails or three j^ails, and of smaller size generally made 
of iron, but sometimes of brass. The boiling place was rigged 
b}' setting two posts into the ground ten or tweh'e feet apart 


and se\-en or eight feet high with crotches at the top, and la\-- 
ing a strong pole into the crotches from one post to the other, 
then hanging chains to the pole or hanging on large wooden 
hooks with notches cut near the lower ends, in which to hang 
the kettle bails. Sometimes a half dozen or more kettles of 
different sizes would hang in a row, with a large log ten or' 
twelve feet long, rolled up on the back side, and another on the 
front side until the)' touched or nearh- touched the kettles, 
then fine split wood was placed under and around the kettles 
and a fire started, and shorth- the boiling would commence. 


The sap was " gathered " or brought to the boiUng place in sap 
buckets carried by the aid of a sap-yoke, wliich was made to fit 
the neck and shoulders of the person carrying it. 

Sugar-making sometimes commenced when the snow was two 
feet deep in the woods, and then gathering sap with a sap- 
)'oke was a \'ery laborious and difficult job. Sometimes there 
would be a crust on the snow in the morning and the sap- 
gatherer would start out fort)' or fift\' rods and fill his buckets 
and walk carefulK' and slow towards the boiling place on the 
crust, when sutidenl)' one foot would break through and go 
down to the ground in a twinkling and the sap would fly in 
ever)' direction, and give the bearer a wetting down. 

Such accidents happened quite frequently, and it is feared 
that in some instances the)' might have called forth exclama- 
tions that would hardly be proper to repeat in a Sabbath School 
or print in a book. 

After fifteen or twent)' v'ears from the time of the first set- 
tlement, wooden sap-buckets began to be used in place of 
troughs ; and the number of cauldron kettles was increased, 
and trees began to be tapped with a small auger or bit instead 
of an axe, and the sap began to be gathered with a team instead 
of a sap-yoke. 

The glory of sugar-making was in the great bush, where 
hundreds of trees were tapped, where a shant)- was erected, 
where the sap was brought to the central fires in barrels or 
casks on ox-sleds, where cauldron and smaller kettles boiled 
and bubbled night and day, where, after a sufficient quantit)' 
had been " syruped down " a day was set to " sugar off." When 
the boys and girls and young men and maidens would gather 
in, and with dishes and spoons or a flattened stick, 

" Would taste and eat, and lap and lick," 

and if any part of a snow bauK rcmanicd in striking distance, 
chunks of it were procured and the warm sugar spread on and 
made into wax and then eaten. 

About thirty or forty years ago, large flat-bottomed sap-pans, 
with low sides and made of sheet iron, and set in arches, began 
to be used for boiling sap. And about the same time tin 



buckets began to take the place of wooden buckets and 
troughs for catching sap, and large tubs were made and used for 
storing it, instead of store "troughs." 


The early settlers were n(^t alwa\'s successful in finding a 
location for their cabins near a spring, and in such instances a 
well had to be dug, which like almost everything else was done 
by the proprietor himself, with the aid of his boys if he had 
any large enough, or a neighbor, to haul up the dirt. Its 
depth of course depended on the location of water, but that 
was generally to be found in abundant quantity, and of good 


quality at from ten to thirt}- feet, but occasionalh' a well had 
to be dug to the depth of forty or fifty feet. Plent\' of stone of 
good quality was to be found all over the country; and the 
pioneers here were not compelled to do what the pioneers of 
some parts of the western country have been ; to stone up their 
wells with Cottonwood or other plank. 

The well being dug and stoned up, it was completed for use 
by a superstructure, then almost uiuxcrsal, but is now almost 
entirely a thing of the past. A post ten <~>r twehe inches in 
diameter and some ten feet high, with a crotched top was set 
in the ground a few feet from the well. On a stout pin run- 
ning through both arms of the crotch, was hung a heavy pole 



or "sweep," often twent)' feet or more lon^r. the lar^^er end 
resting on the <;rouncl. the smaller end rising in air, directly over 
the well. To this was attached a smaller pole, reachin<^ to the 
top of the well ; at the lower end of this pole huni;" the bucket, 
the veritable " old oaken bucket, that huny; in the well," and 
the process of drawini;- water consistetl in takintr lu)ld of the 
small "well-pole" antl pulliiii;' down the small end of the 
"sweep" till the bucket struck the water and was filled, and 
then letting;" the butt end pull it out with some assistance. A 
board curb about three feet square and nearK' the same heiL,dU 
was placed around the top of the w ell to pre\ent children antl 
others from fallint^- in. 

The whole formed, for a lons^' time, a picturescjue antl far- 
seen addition to nearl)- every dooryard in this section of coun- 
tr\-. Once in a L;reat while some wealth}' citizen would have a 
windlass ft)r raisin<;- water, but for over a tpiarter of a century 
after the first settlements, a farmer nexer thought of having a 
pump. St)metimes there was no well-sweep erected, but the 
water was drawn up by hand with a pail, and a small pole with 
a crotch or hook on the lower end. And st)metimes it was 
drawn up with a pail and rope. At a later date water was 
sometimes raised with a long rope running over a pulley with a 
bucket attachetl to each end, and when one bucket came up 
the other went down. At the present time water is nearl)' all 
raised from wells b\' pumps of diflerent kinds. 

How dear to my heart are the scenes of my childhood ! 

When fond recollection presents them to view ; 
The orchard, the meadow, the diep-tangled wild-wood, 

And every loved spot which my mfancy knew; 
The wide-spreading pond and the mill that stood by it 

The bridge, and the rock where the cataract fell. 
The col of my father, the dairy house nigh it, 

And e'en the rude bucket which hung in the well; 
The old oaken bucket — the iron-bound bucket — 

The moss-covet 'd bucket which hung in the well. 

That moss-covered vessel I hail as a treasure — 
For often at noon, when return'd from the field, 

I found it the source of an exquisite pleasure. 
The purest snd sweetest that nature can yield. 

How ardent I seized it with hands that were glowing, 


And quick to the white-pebbled bottom it fell : 
Then soon, with the emblem of truth overfiowing. 

And dripping with coolness, it rose from the well; 
The old oaken bucket — the iron-bound bucket — 

The moss-cover'd bucket arose from the well 

How sweet from the green, mossy brim to receive it. 

As poised on the curb it inclined to my lipsl 
Not a full, blushing goblet could tempt me to leave "it, 

Though filled with the nectar that Jupiter sips. 
And now, far removed from the loved situation. 

The tear of regret will intrusively swell. 
As fancy reverts to my father's plantation. 

And sighs for the bucket which hangs in the well; 
The old oaken bucket — the iron-bound bucket — 

The moss-cover'd bucket which hangs in the well. 


As the pioneer had more or less stock when he commenced 
growing crops, some sort of fence was required. Probably the 
records of ex^ery town organized in the Holland Purchase, down 
to 1850, would show that at its first town meeting an ordinance 
Avas passed, providing that horses and horned cattle should be 
free commoners. Hogs, it was usually voted, should not be 
free commoners ; while sheep held an intermediate position, 
being sometimes allowed the liberty of the road, and some- 
times doomed to the seclusion of the pasture. These ordi- 
nances were changed from time to time as circumstances 
seemed to require. The fence that was constructed the easiest 
and cheapest by the pioneers and one that was frequently used 
was a brush fence, or a "slash fence." It was made b\' felling 
trees in together in a line in the desired direction. Where the 
timber was thick and the trees large a brush fence could be 
made that wt)u1c1 answer a good purpose for two or three 
years. Another style of fence used was a log fence, which was 
made by laying the logs one above the other in a line with the 
ends lapping by each other, and resting upon sticks four to six- 
inches in diameter, and three or four feet long, laid cross-wa\s 
under the ends of each tier of logs. Log fence \\-as sometimes 
made b}' cutting logs the proper length and la\'ing them after 
the fashion of the common crooked rail fence. But as settle- 
ments increased, the crooked rail fence or the " Virginia rail 

RAII., i;0.\Rr) AM) WIRF. FENCES. II9 

fence," became the standanl protection for the L;"ro\\inn[ crops. 
Rail spHttin_<( constituted an important part of the pioneer's 
work. Equipped with ax, beetle and wedi^es, he would spend 
weeks and months in transforminL;' the noble ash and cherr\- 
into rails twehe feet loni;. 

In the Spring; these were laid in fence, the bi^yest at the 
bottom, one end of each rail below and the other abo\e, and 
each " lengtli " of fence formin^^ an obtuse antj^le with that on 
eitlier side. Four and a half feet was the usual height pre- 
scribed b\' the town ordinances, but the farmer's standard of 
efTicienc)' was a seven-rail fence, staked and ridered. Two 
stout stakes were driven into the ground and crossed above the 
sixth rail, at each corner, while on the crotch thus formed, was 
laid a large rail, serving to add to the height and to keep the 
others in place. Such a fence would (^ften reach the height of 
six feet. This fence, somewhat modified, forms to this da)' a 
considerable portion of the fence on man\- farms in the south 
part of the county ; but the adoption of other styles of fence 
and the scarcity of timber is fast driving the rail splitter and 
his occupation from the field (or rather from the forest). The 
kinds of timber from which rails were made, were chestnut, 
oak, cherry, white ash, black ash, pine, hemlock, elm, basswood, 
and sometimes beech and maple. 

About 1830, board fences began to come into use; they were 
generally made of boards sixteen feet long and six or eight 
inches wide. The posts were six and one-half or seven feet 
long, and set in the ground ab(jut eight feet apart, and the 
boards nailed on. I'osts were sometimes made from small 
trees hewed on one side, sometimes the\' were sawed, anci 
sometimes s])lit out. The kind of timber used for posts was 
generally cedar, oak, hemlock, cherry, chestnut and red beech. 
.Another kind of fence was made of posts and rails; rails being 
used instead of boards. Holes were mortised through the 
posts and the ends of the rails fitted in. 

Within the last few years wire fence has been introduced and 
used to some extent. Posts are set in the ground and the wire 
strung from post to post and fastened. Wire fence is made of 
plain and barbed wire. The amount of barbed wire fence in 
use is being increased considerabh- at the j)resent time. Cattle, 


horses, and other domestic animals are not now allowed by law 
to run loose and feed aloni;" the highways, consequenth' fences 
along the roads in front of meadows and cultivated fields are 
frequently dispensed with. 


After the pioneer had built his log house and had a piece of 
land cleared and fenced, the next thing he needed was a barn. 
Log barns were sometimes built but it was difficult to make 
them large enough to store any considerable amount of wheat, 
oats, rye and hay, and frame barns were generalh' built as soon 
as lumber could be procured, anywhere in reasonable distance, 
to enclose them. 

Plenty of excellent timber was growing in the forest near b\', 
and was quickly " got out," that is, cut down, scored and hewed 
by the pioneer and his boys or hired help. The kinds of tim- 
ber used in barn frames were generally rock elm, cherr}\ red 
beech, ash, cucumber and pine. The timber was draw n on the 
spot, and framed, and raised, and enclosed with hemlock or pine 
boards, all running up and down. 

There are several pioneer barns still standing and in use that 
are more than sixty-five years old and the frames are "just as 
good as new%" the beams in which are fourteen inches deep 
and twelve inches thick, and the size of the sills and posts and 
other timbers are in proportion. They are still covered with 
the same old boards that first enclosed them, which are held on 
by the same nails first driven. These barns were generally 
forty feet long and thirty feet wide with posts from fourteen 
. to sixteen feet high, and the roof put on with a " quar- 
ter pitch." They were nearh' all constructed after the same pat- 
tern, with a threshing floor and drive-wa\' near the center run- 
ning crosswise of the building, being generalh^ twelve feet wide 
by thirty long, with a stable at one end from ten to twelve feet 
wide and thirty feet long, and about seven feet high, with a 
scaffold overhead for grain, and on the other side of the thresh- 
ing-floor was a bay, sixteen or eighteen feet wide and thirty feet 
long, used for storing ha)-. In those days, horse-forks had not 
been invented, and hay and grain were pitched on and off by 
hand-forks, and when the barn was nearly full it had to be 

noUSKlIolJ) KU RN I ri'KK, KTC. 121 

])itchctl up ()\cr the " bi^ beam," which was about twelve feet 
abo\e the floor. 

A ii^c'At inan\' of those old-fashioned barns are still standin<r 
and in use, but w itliin the last twenty-five years — since dairying 
has l:)econie the princi[)al business of the farmers here and man\' 
of the farms have been enlarged, and the number of cows kei)t 
has been s^reatly increased — new and lar<^er barns have been 
built, some of them one hundred feet loni;" and fort}' feet wide: 
large enough to stable fifty to one hundred cows, and to hold 
fodder enough to Winter them. The old-fashioned barns were 
single-boarded, but barns built now are generalh- double boarded 
or battened. 


Household furniture was oftentimes limited as to variety, and 
all told would show but a meager invoice. The first, an indis- 
pensable article, was bed and bedding. Cooking utensils were 
next in order, and these were at first chiefly such as the family 
brought with them, with such additions as the skill and resources 
of the head of the family could improvise. Beds and bedding 
consisted of one or more feather beds and straw ticks filled with 
straw, husks or fine boughs, with such covering as the family 
means would permit. In many cases the feather bed was want- 
ing and the straw tick filled with straw, husks or the boughs 
of hemlock or pine were substituted, and in some cases the 
straw ticks were wanting. In such a case the boughs were 
skillfull}- prepared and spread in some convenient locality that 
the tenement would permit. Often times the sleeping room for 
the younger members of the family was located in the loft or 
upper story of the house, and access was had by means of a 
ladder. This upper lodging room was enjoyed only by those 
whose building was high enough between the floors and roof. 
Sometimes some other or less expensive room was provided. 
The trundle bed was in frequent use, and when not being used 
was pushed under the bed occupied b}' the older members of 
the famil}-. Bedsteads were of various patterns; small poles 
were cut of suitable length for the purpose, and an axe and 
auger in skilful hands did the work. Cooking utensils were 


limited in numbers. The " Johnnx'-cake board '" was a board 
about ^tw'o feet lonj^ and from ei^ht to ten inches in width and 
about one and one-fourtli or one and one-lialf inches in thick- 
ness spHt out of some hard wood, generally white ash, and 
planed smooth, set up obliquely before the fire. On this the 
dough, which had been mixed ver\' thick so that it would sta}- 
on, was spread and kept there until it baked sufficiently. There 
were cast-iron kettles of \arious kinds with legs three inches in 
length, the tea kettle, the spider with three legs, to keep the 
bottom above the ashes when set upon the coals on the heartli, 
sometimes the long handled frying pan and the iron bake ket- 
tle. This kettle when in use was placed on a bed of coals and 
coals piled on the iron cover, did the family baking. Some- 
times when the weather permitted a hole was dug in the ground 
out of doors and a fire made in it. When the ground was 
properly heated the coals and ashes were removed in part and 
the kettle with its contents placed therein and hot ct:)als piled 
upon the co\'er, and in due time the baking was done. Some- 
times a stone oven was built out of doors, and this became a 
favorite family institution. After brick could be liad they were 
built of this material, and sometimes tliey would be used in 
common by the near neighbors. Other houseliold utensils 
were of similar primitive patterns. Wooden dishes, bowls 
and plates of rude construction were often used and some" 
times pewter plates, basins and platters. Chairs and tables were 
of various patterns. A seat made of boards with a high back 
some fi\'e or six feet long and called a " settle," was used 
frequently for children. Shelves arranged along the walls 
of the house performed the work of cupboards, closets aiul 
bureaus. And sometimes, where there was no stand, the 
old famih' Hible ku' on the shelf. Hut as the years went by 
the bus\' hands of the pioneer tolci upon his surroundings. 
Broad and fertile fields took the place of j^atches. and large 
frame barns that were burdened from foundation to ricige-pole 
with the products of the soil had supplanted the log hovels. 
Meantime the good wife's thrifty hands had not been idle_ 
The flock of geese that she had reared and cared for, had sup- 
plied her with the materials for several "spare beds," and the 
loom and wheel had been the means of her laying up a goodh' 


'I'liK L().\(i wixiKR i:\ K\i.\(;s. 123 

store of woolens and linens to furnish a nioi'e comfortable 

Sixty )'ears a_n"o frame houses be^an to take the ])lace of tile 
log ones. In structure the}' differed l)ut little from those of 
to-da\' — sa\e in one feature — e\"er\- main room in the house 
whether parlor, sitting-room or kitchen, was supplied with an 
open fire-place. That in the kitchen was much lari^er and 
alwa\'s so arrans^ed that it contained a brick o\en in one of the 
jambs. This o\'en was used as often as once a week to do the 
family bakintjj, and around the kitchen fire, usually, the famih- 
])assed the lonq; winter evenin_<^^s. The children in readinij; or con- 
ninij lessons that must be recited to the district pedai^ot^ue the 
"followini^ day. in peelini^ beech nuts or roastinL( chestnuts in the 
embers, or crackiuL;' butternuts in the corner. 

Perhaps an elder member of the famih' would read aloud 
"Tales of the Arabian Ni<;'hts,"" "Thaddeus of Warsaw," or 
the fate of ])ot)r " Charlotte Temple." But change, inexorable 
change is stamped on e\-er}'thing that pertains to kitclien life 
of 60 years ago. The range and cook sto\e ha\'e supplanted 
the fire place of our father's time, with its rudd}' and welcome 
cheer, and in its banishment vanished many of the fondest 
joys that belong to childhood's home anci years. The good 
wife's household burdens may have been greatly ameliorated by 
the new order of things, but when modern improvement 
invaded the old-fashioned kitchen, and banished the " ingle 
side," we felt it to be sacrilege, and as a descendant of the pio- 
neers, we feel called upon to earnestly protest against the 
change. Think of listening to '• folk-lore," or fair\' tales b)- 
the side of a coal stove, or playing "blind man's buff," and 
"hunt the slip|)er" around a range. No. we say it, and with- 
out fear of contradiction, that when the fireplace was banished 
from (Hir yXmerican homes, one of its sacred and most endear- 
ing altars was destroyed. The old fireplace with its endearing 
associations has attuned many a lyre, and poets have sung its 
praises. No fool of a poet ever attempted to immortalize a 
coal stove or cooking range in verse; nor ever will. Coal 
and cast-iron are too practical and onl\' used to "save fuel." 
We are not in enmit}' to the cook sto\-e in its proper place, but 
the family sitting-room should be supplied with an open fire. 


cither of wood or coal. It is far healthier and a thousand 
times pleasanter. 


The first process in manufacturing wool into cloth, after 
proper cleansing, was to pick and card it, or prepare it for 
spinning. This work had to be performed by hand for there 
were no carding-machines in operation at the time we speak of. 
Hand-cards were of simple construction ; similar in shape to 
the horse-card of the present day, only larger and of finer wire. 
Two cards were required, a right and left, and the wool was 
worked or manipulated between these into rolls. The mother, 
or the grandmother, or the maiden aunt generally performed 
this duty, and these rolls were spun into threads on the "big 
wheel." After which the )'arn was reeled from the spindle into 
skeins, again scoured, and it was ready for coloring. The 
domestic colors were of different shades. If " sheep's grey," 
the color was obtained b\' taking two fleeces of white wool and 
mixing it \\'ith one fleece of black. If brown was desired, it 
was obtained by boiling the yarn in a solution of butternut 
bark, copperas and alum. If purple, Nicaraugua wood obtained 
at the store entered largeh- into the composition of the dye. 
If blue, it was immersed in " }'e " ancient dye-tub, and was 
called coloring " indigo blue." What juvenile of those days 
can ever forget the odors that arose when the process of wring- 
ing out the }'arn was going on. Madder red was one of the 
favorite colors, a color that was more or less worn by the 
famih' during the winter. The materials for producing this 
color had to be obtained at the village store. Flannel cloth of 
different colors, wo\'en after the manner of " Scotch plaid," 
was much worn b\' women and girls. The noise of the spin- 
ning wheels would commence in early fall, and its low , busy, 
humming drone would be heard far into the Winter. A mother 
or an elder sister's bus\' feet usualh- trod to and fro to its music, 
and generally her voice in "Silver Street," or "Camden," or some 
other of those dear old melodies of the olden time would 
accompan\' it. .Vh ! ye boys and girls w ith siKer locks, who 
number the seasons that have come and gone to \'ou in the 
sixties, at the mention of thi.s, do not your thougiits turn back 



through the great gap of years to that fairy-lancl, "mother's 
kitchen, and her spinning-wheel." and do not the thoughts that 
linger around the old open fire-place, the glow of the embers, 
and the giant shadows of the revoK'ing wheel upon the wall 
on those long Winter excnings, burn brighter in memory than 
aught else. This labor, like all the handicraft performed about 
the household in those days, was long and tedious. Just imagine 
the countless number of steps that would be required to form 
the warp and woof for ninety or one hundred yards of flannel, 
drawn out at a single thread at a time. Ikit this was the only 
way the pioneer mothers had of protecting those who were 
dear and near to her from Winter's chilling reign, and the 
spinning was not the only work that had to be performed 
before it ^\■as ready for use. The yarn must be reeled from 
the spindle — the operator holding the thread with one hand 
while the other turned the reel, and the bus}- brain numbered 
the revolutions into "knots" and "skeins." The warj) was 
then spooled on the " quill wheel," and the si)0()ls were placed 
in the " scam," and the \'arn warped onto the " bars." From 
here the warp was wound or beamed onto the beam and then 
passed through the harnesses and then through the reed. The 
woof or filling was quilled on the same little w heels into bob- 
bins or quills, and was then read}- for the shuttle and the 
weaver. I^^rom fort}- to fift}' }'ari,ls was the custt)mar}' length 
of the webs. Perhaps the same hands that picked the wool 
performed the rest of the labor, and the fabric was termed 
" home-made," or " home-spun," a definition literally true. 

Broken, dismantled ! would that it were mine : 

I would not keep it in that dusty nook, 
Where tangled cobwebs cross and interwine, 

And grim old spiders from their corners look. 

From distaff, band and polished rim, ere hung 

The dusty meshes. Black the spindle is, 
Crooked and rusty — a dead, silent tongue. 

That once made whirring music — there it lies. 

Oh. dear to me is this forsaken thing ! 

1 gaze upon it and my eyes grow dim ; 
For I can see my mother, hear her sing, 

As winds the shining thread and whirls the rim. 

IHK FI.AX IM>rS'Ik\. 127 

So sweet she sang ! her youngest on her knee — 

Now a warble, now some fine old hyiin. 
Sublime, exultant, full of victory. 

Triumphant as the songs of seraphim. 

Sweet toiler 1 through her life of crowded care, 
While grief came oft, and pain and weariness 

Till swelled the anthem, still was breathed the prayer, 
Till death came clasping with his cold caress. 

She sings no more ; beside the chimney wide 

No more she spins. Years come and go ; 
Above her grave upon the lone hill side 

The snow drifts lie, the summer grasses grow. 

Flax was an indispensible necessity to the pioneer, and its 
culti\ation was observed by all. This commodit)' was never 
raised for commerce or barter b\' the pioneer, but its uses were 
purely domestic, suppl}'ing all the sewinj^' thread and it took the 
place of cotton for all purposes that this staple article is used 
in to-da\'. It furnished a g'ood share of the summer clothini.>' 
of the famil}-, and entered largely into the comforts and con- 
veniences of the household. Its cultivation was simple and 
easN', and required no more attention than the raising of oats or 
wheat, or the rest of the cereals sa\e in its harx'est. Instead of 
being reaped it was pulled up, the dirt shook out of the roots, 
and laid in " ga\els." When sufficiently dry it was bcnmd into 
bundles and "shocked," where it would remain until perfecth- 
cured. Then it would pass to the threshing floor and be sub- 
ject to a sex'ere "head-beating" that removed all the seeds 
from the "bell" or "heads." After this it was taken to some 
convenient grass plot and spread upon the ground in swaths 
and left to the action of the elements until the wood\- portion 
of the stalks had become thoroughh* rotten and brittle. Then 
again it was bound into bundles and taken to the barn where it 
was ready for the brake. By the aid of this implement the 
operator would commence and continue the breaking process 
until the wooden substance of the stalk was broken or loosened 
from the outside fiber or bark. After passing through this 
process it is "swingled," b\' taking as much as you can conven- 
iently hold in the hand, hanging it across the sharp edge of a 
board fixed for the [Hirpose, while with the other hand you beat 


it with a wooden knife some two feet long, this is done to 
remov^e all the " shieves." After it has been thoroughly 
swingled, it is taken to the " hetchel," where the silken fibers 
of the flax is combed into " hanks," with the same ease that 
one of our modern belle combs out her " switch," and this flax 
is ready for the " distaff." This is a very simple affair, gener- 
ally cur. from the top of a little maple, not over half an inch in 
diameter with four little protruding branches, which are bent 
together and fastened at the top. This distaff is set in a socket, 
which allows it to turn, the flax is loosely bound around, a few 
of the fibers are attached to the spindle of the little wheel, the 
foot is placed upon the treadle and the spinning has com- 
menced, the thread that runs through the flyers to the spindle 
turns the distaff and supplies the spindle with flax. The tow 
was carded and spun as you would wool, on a big wheel. 


In pioneer days, farming implements were of rude construc- 
tion and most of their parts were the works of the farmer's 
hands. The " bull plow" that was in common use sixty years 
ago was made mostly of wood. The plow-share and land-side 
were made b}' the blacksmith out of wrought iron, with the 
point laid with steel and all in one section. The mold-board 
was of wood and split out of a winding log or tree, and worked 
clown to about one and one-half inches in thickness, and in size 
and shape similar to the mold-boards of cast-iron plows. The 
crotch-drag was almost entirely a natural production, and a 
description of which may be found in the article on milling, 
was used, only this drag must be furnished with nine or eleven 
teeth, some twelve inches in length and one inch in diameter. 
The capital " A " will give a good idea of this drag. One of 
the teeth is set in the apex, or point, where the draught is 
attached while each right and left arm is pierced by an equal 
number of teeth, which were of steel or iron. 

The author, then a lad of some dozen years, has a \i\'id 
recollection of the practical workings of this drag upon a 
newl)'-burned fallow: how il would jerk and tip, hop and skip 
along until it would find something to fasten upon, when things 
would be brought up standing; then there would be a season 

'JHE .\E\VLV-CLEAR1£1) [.AND. \ 2i) 

of tugging and liftiiiL; <ind hallowing, and the drag would be 
tided over the obstacle only to be lifted again and again to 
clear its teeth of roots, sods or brush, or to remove it again 
from its anchorage on some treacherous root or stum]). In a 
few years the plowing of his ground must be performed, and 
that was a task which, to be full)' appreciated, one must ha\'e 
had some practical experience, great patience, forbearance, and 
an unfaltering faith in a bountiful Providence. Oh. )'e modern 
tillers of the soil who ride at careless ease upon your improved 
" sulky plows," could you ha\e witnessed the breaking of this 
self-same sod by '' Old (jrimes " sixty or seventy years ago 
with that same old " bull plow ," all your fine-spun theories of 
scientific farming and performing this work b\' inanimate force 
w ould ha\e departed as " \-anishes the dew before morning's 
sun !" And could \ou have heard the language employed b\' 
" Old Grimes " w hen that plow anchored under the big roots 
of a stump and he undertook to "gee" "them" steers and 
the\' " hawed," and in doing so, traveled on one of his corns, we 
fear that your faith in the native goodness of that old gentle- 
man would liave been terribK' shaken. Instances of the remark- 
able patience of Job under trying circumstances are given but 
it is not recorded anywhere that he ever dragged with a " crotch 
drag " or plowed with a bull plow among the roots and stumps 
on a newh'-cleared piece of land. 

" He that by his plow would thrive 
llimself must either hold or drive," 

Is an adage that t(j-day wi)uld be questionable, but the pioneer 
not onl)- was comjielled to //<>M, but it was ///_if, ///'/, p//s/i and 
/>//// until e\er\' bone had its own ])eculiar ache. There are 
very few to-da\' who look upon the practical working of the 
machinerx' now employed in farming who ha\e any just con- 
ception of the toils, trials and hardships that w ere endured b)- 
the pioneers who (icvotcd tluir lives to making the countr)- what 
it now is. 


The first mill south of the reservation was built by Daniel 

Smith in 1805. It was of rude construction, built of logs 




with wooden gearing and had a capacity of grinding only 
from five to six bushels of corn per day. This mill was located 
on a small stream in the Town of East Hamburg. The follow- 
ing year, John Cummings erected a grist mill on the Eighteen- 
Mile creek, a mile or so below Water Valley, in the Town of 
Hamburg. This was the first mill built, that did a general 
business of grinding, south of the Reservation. 

In 1809, Joseph Yaw built a grist mill in the town of Boston. 
In 1812, Jacob Taylor erected another at Taylor Hollow, in 
the town of Collins, and in 18 14 Benjamin Gardner built one 
in S.pringville. These mills supplied the pioneers for a few 
years with the necessary material for bread, and the task of 
doing the family milling was no slight one. The roads were 


but little better than a bridle path, and sometimes three days 
would be consumed in coming and going where the pioneer 
lived remote. The task was performed in various ways. When 
the distance would allow, the head of the family would sling a 
grist across one shoulder, and by occasionally resting and shift- 
ing it was transported in this way; or again the grist would be 
placed upon the back of a horse and a boy set upon this and 
sent to mill ; sometimes several boys would come to the same 
mill in this way on the same day, but more often where the 
distance was of any consideration, the " drag" was used. This 
conveyance was almost a natural production and called but little 
skill in its construction. 

The first to be done was to select a tree that threw out two 
main branches, seven to eight inches in diameter and as many 

CLOTHINC ()]•■ TllK l'I().\Ki:i<. I3I 

tcct in length. These branches formed a " dra^;," or the letter 
V. Now champer the under side of the "drai^" at tlie nose, 
where the draft is to be attached, upwards and to a point. 
This gives it the shape of a sled runner and allows it to slide 
over all obstacles without hindrance. Across the top of the 
dray place split planks and fasten them; aflix two stakes at 
the rear to prexent the load from slipping off and you have it. 
This could be used in all seasons and was niuch more conveni- 
ent than the ox sled where the ways were different. On this 
the grist was put. the oxen attached, and the jMoneer set out 
for the mill, almost through an unbroken wilderness. If tlie 
distance was great, rations for himself and team would be 
carried. Sometimes the drag would carr}- grists for the entire 
neighborhood and the milling would be done by turns. 


A marked change has taken place in everything that apper- 
tains to the production of wearing apparel. Such a thing as 
ready-made clothing, or even boots and shoes was unknown sixt}' 
or seventy years ago. The good housewife received the cloth 
for the Winter's clothing (mostly, perhaps, the work of her own 
hands) from the fuller and dresser, and then she was ready for the 
tailoress, who came and remained until the garments for the 
family were cut and made. Their services were always in good 
demand during Fall and early Winter. These sewing girls (usu- 
ally two worked in company) would cut and fit and ba.ste and 
prepare, and then push forward the garments to final completion. 
They passed from home to home, and comfort and good cheer 
was sure to accompany them. The very nature of their calling 
afforded them opjjortunities of becoming well qualified to con- 
verse on all subjects of general interest, and rendered them 
agreeable and interesting compan\% and their advent in the 
family, was hailed, more especialh' by the younger members, 
with feelings akin to gratitude; for perhaps it was their skilled 
fingers that were to improvise for the first time " those pants," 
and " that roundabout"with caudal appendage, that makes ever\- 
bo\- feel that he has reached a certain stage where his impor- 
tance is recognized and acknowledged. 

Pants and vests were made up for all the male, members of 


the family old enough to wear them, and for the father and 
young men, these were fashioned according to the prevailing 
styles, " cutaways," or else high collared, straight bodied, or 
swallow-tailed coats, " all buttoned down before," with metal 
buttons which perhaps had done service for several years on 
one or more preceding coats. The boys were all provided 
with roundabouts of fulled cloth or Linsey-Wolsc}', and fre- 
quently with cloth caps of various styles made at home. 

And it was the custom in early times to have the itinerant 
shoemaker visit the pioneer homes and there to remain and 
labor until the family were supplied with boots and shoes. 
Generally the pioneer furnished his home for the Winter with 
beef of his own raising, and the skins of the animals were usually 
taken to the tanner and made into leather upon shares, and fur- 
nished the family with boots and shoes. The luxury of wearing 
boots was not often indulged in by the boys, but a compromise 
was effected and high shoes with knit leggings sufficed for all 
occasions, and when attired in these with " roundabout " and 
pants to correspond, there was just about as much importance 
done up in the small boy of sixty ot seventy years ago as 
there is to-day. 

The women and girls were supplied with boots make of calf 
skin, while boots and shoes for men and boys were made of 
cow-hide Sometimes the boots and shoes for the family would 
not be made up until after the snow had covered the ground 
for several weeks, and a few instances are mentioned when boys 
had neither boots or shoes and went without either all Winter, 
and even attended school barefooted. 


In the early settlement of the Holland Purchase, as Western 
New York was called, " black salts " was one of the valuable 
productions of this portion of the country. As it was for the 
most part heavily timbered and the necessity of clearing up the 
land for farming purposes furnished wood ashes in abundance. 
These ashes were either sold at the ashery and there converted 
into potash or were worked up by the owners and made into 
"black salts." The ashes were carefully housed, protected from 
the wet and put into leaches, made in various ways as the 




means at the command of the owner's permitted. By a con- 
tinuous hberal wetting with water soon the lye began to run, 
which was boiled down in iron kettles until it became a mass of 
black salts, which had a cash value at the nearest point where an 
ashery was located. The money thus obtained was very largely 
the only resources from which money could be had by the 
early settlers. And not only in the clearing of the farms was 
black salts manufactured, but very often, when other employ- 
ment was wanting, the new-comer, the mechanic and others, who 


were not otherwise employed, would go to the nearest un-. 
claimed land, cut and burn timber for the ashes it would pro- 
duce and make black salts. The ashes from the elm were the 
best, sugar maple, beech, birch and other hard wood were next, 
while hemlock, pine and other soft wood was nearly useless. 
Black salts were manufactured into "pearl ash;" the ashes pur- 
chased at the ashery were manufactured into potash, which 
were commodities for export and enter largely into the numer- 
ous preparations of potash in use for medical and mechanical 
purposes at the present da\'. There was a great deal of laborious 


work about this industr}\ as it took twenty bushels of ashes 
to produce lOO pounds of salts, and these when hauled to the 
market would bring only about $2.50 or at the highest $3.00 
per cwt. Great care had to be used in boiling or evaporating 
this lye to the proper consistency lest it should be burned, 
but, as we said before, it was about the only industry that sold 
for cash and early pioneers were compelled to lay by a little 
money to satisfy the demands of the tax gatherer. 


When the ripened corn had been cut and marshalled into 
shocks, "husking bees" were common to the season. These 
gatherings like the other "bees" of pioneer days, were when 
the work performed was paramount, and when the honest, 
hearty good will of the participants entered largely into the 
joy of the occasion. These gatherings were participated in by 
nearly all. If the corn was to be husked in the field, prepara- 
tion would be made by drawing all the shocks that stood con- 
veniently near, around one common center. This formed the 
buskers' arena, and here they would assemble upon some moon- 
lit night designated, and strip the yellow corn of its covering;, 
meanwhile stories would be told, farming discussed and songs 
sung. After husking a sufficient amount the host would invite 
his guests to the house, where a collation awaited their coming, 
consisting of pumpkin pies, doughnuts, cider and cheese. 
After doing ample justice to these refreshments, the fragments 
would be picked up, chairs and tables would disappear, the en- 
livening strains of a violin would fall upon the ear, perhaps in 
the " Monnie Musk " or the " Opera Reel." As by instinct, a 
new life seemed to possess the buskers: the old forgot their 
years and the weary their toils; partners were chosen; two 
columns stood facing across the old kitchen floor that were soon 
keeping step and time to those grand old melodies, and which 
would be kept up until near the hour of morning. If the 
husking was to be done indoors, the great threshing floor would 
be filled to overflowing with shocks of corn. Chairs would be 
furnished the aged and punij:)kins sufficed for seats for the 
young, and the work would go on as " merry as a marriage 
ell," until the floor was cleared of its burden of shocks, and in 


tlicir place was a heap of <^oIden cc^rii. The (jld-fashioned tin 
hmterns were arran<^cd along the great swing beam, and fur- 
nished the workers with light. 

One of the first things that occupied the attention of the 
pioneer here was the planting of an orchard ; in a few years 
these orchards yielded an abundance, and " apple bees " were 
in order, and, like the huskings, they brought out a full house. 
The fruit would be stored conveniently near and brought into 
the old kitchen by the basketful, where an active, busy scene 
would be witnessed — some paring, some quartering and coring, 
some stringing and all talking, laughing and enjoying them- 
selves. Paring machines were not known, and this work was 
done with a knife the same as you would pare potatoes to-day. 
There is nothing but the stringing that needs an explanation. 
The stringer was armed with a long needle, most generally 
improvised out of a knitting needle, with an eye large enough 
to carry a strong string of linen twine. The needle was held 
in the right hand and the quarters were placed upon its sharp 
point with the left, and when it was full it was drawn through 
the apples, leaving them upon the string as you would string 
beads. This operation had to be repeated until the string was 
full ; then the ends were tied and it was ready to be hung up to 
dry. Most generally this work would continue until the walls 
or ceiling of the old kitchen were deeply festooned with the 
drying fruit. Then would follow the repast to be closed with 
playing or dancing and sometimes both. 

Quiltings were fashionable at all times, and differed but ver\- 
little from the rest of the merry makings save in this : the mat- 
rons and maidens would most generally meet in the afternoon 
and the "quilt" would be finished and taken from the frames 
before the swains put in an appearance. When this was the 
case the dance would commence at early candle light and be 
continued for three or four hours; then an intermission of half 
an hour or so for rest and refreshments ; the latter would be 
passed around, and again on would go the dances, sometimes 
closing at midnight and sometimes not until the "dawning of 
the day." Sometimes these quiltings forestalled a wedding, 
and many of the spectacle-wearing grandamesof this age, though 
for them the nightingale's song of love ceased long ago, and 


the flowers of }'Outh have faded and been swept awa}- , \'et with 
them still lingers some of the bright hopes of their sweet 
maiden years, and they will pause and ponder with fond recol- 
lection at the mere mention of these " merry-makings." 


It is a credit that is due to the earl)- pioneer to say that he 
realized the benefits to be derived from an education that has 
been of vast importance to the succeeding generations, for 
whenever there were scholars enough to form a class a school 
was organized, a teacher secured and the Summers and Winters 
were devoted by the young to acquiring an education. This 
was the case in the earliest days of the settlement, and before a 
saw-mill had been built. Sometimes the pioneer's humble 
abode contained more space than was actually needed b)' tlie 
famih', and this was used as a school room. Sometimes the 
log barn sufficed for the Summer's term, and sometimes several 
terms would be taught in this way before the building cf a 
school house or the organization of a school district, and per- 
haps in good time a central site would be secured, a day named 
when the whole neighborhood would turn out and the body of 
a log school house would rise, as by magic, and another day 
would witness the covering, and perhaps the labor of another 
day would be all that was required to fit it for occupation. 
Generally was had at one end, while the stick chimne)' 
and Dutch fire-place occupied the other. Two or three single 
windows (according to the size of the room) on a side admitted 
the light ; a single row of desks was arranged along the walls 
with benches to correspond. These were occupied by the 
older or more advanced scholars, while the inner circle was 
occupied by the juveniles on benches to correspond. Perhaps 
some patron would supply the teacher with a splint-bottomed 
chair, and he or she would keep ward and watch over the 
"young idea" from the center of the room. 

These teachers were supposed to be proficient in the com- 
mon English branches and most all that our venerable ances- 
tors knew of these rudiments were acquired in these log school- 

At times more pains would be taken in the erection of these 


buil(liiiq;s. Tlic lo^s that were to form the walls were squared 
to the desired thickness by scoriiiL;- and hewini^, and when care 
was used in jilaciiii;" them into the walls they formed a very 
comfortable and substantial building". These were termed 
"block houses," and when adorned with brick chimne)'s and 
double windows they were cjuite imposin^^ in appearance and 
spoke well of the public si)irit and liberality of the patrons. 
Just as sooji as sawed lumber could be i)rocured the log school 
house was supplanted by the framed one. Those differed but 
very little from those of the present, save in the modern im- 
provements that ha\-e been made b\- the introduction of the 
box stox'c in heatint;" and the patent desks and benches now- 
used in the most ot our schools. 

The uliool fund at the time we s|)eak w as but a mere pit- 
tance, being less than thirt}'-seven cents per scholar, and most 
of the teachers' wages were raised by a rate-bill. The teachers 
were also required to board around among the patrons of the 
school, and the amount of board was regulated by the number 
of scholars sent by the several families, and the wood was also 
furnished for the school by the patrons in the same manner. 

Unfortunateh' we have no records that extend farther back 
than 1832-3, and this record is not only worthy of preserva- 
tion, as a period in the history of our schools, but it gives us a 
true idea of the character and ability of the inen who were the 
prominent actors of half a century ago. \V'e give the report 
vcrbati}>L, dated I<S33 : 

" To the Commissioners of Common Schools of the Town of 
Concord: We the trustees of school district number five in 
said town in conformity with the statutes for the support of 
common schools, do certif\- and report. That the whole time 
any school has been kept in our district during the \'ear 
ending on the date hereof, and since the date of the last 
report, such schools has been kept by teachers duly appointed 
and approved in all respects according to law, is seven 
months, that the amount of money received in our district 
from the commissioners of common schools during the said 
year and since said last report is tii<cnty-)ii)ic dollars and fifteen 
cents, and that the same has been expended in paying the 
wages of teachers, who were duly appointed and approved 



in all respects according to law. That the number of children 
taught in said district during said year and since said last report 
is ninety. 

" And that the number of children residing in our district on 
the first day of Januar}% instant, who are over five and under 
sixteen years of age is s ev c tit y -nine, and that the names of the 
parents or other persons with whom such children respectively 
reside and the number residing with each are as follows, viz.: 


Calvin Blake 

Abiel Blodgett. . . 
Sylvester Russell . . 

Phineas Scott 

Enoch Sinclear . . . 

— Green 

Amasa Loveridge. 
James Anthony . . . 
George A. Stewart 
Jarvis Thompson. . 
Orrin Loveridge. . 

John House 

Harry House 

James Flemings.. 


3 ! 

2 ! 

4 ii 

2 i 

2 I 

3 i 


4 |i' 

3 ; ; 



4 |i 
3 • 

Va cord 

Ebenezer Blake . . 6 
Benjamin Fay. ... 3 
Amos Stanbro. . . 5 
Ebenezer Ferrin.. 4 i 
Printis Stanbro. ..41 
Ephram A. Briggs 4 i 
Noah Townsend. . i 
Constant Trevitt. . 2 
Asa Phillips, Jr. . . i 
Barzilla Briggs. . . i 

Isaac Russell 2 

Amasiah Ashman., 4 li 
Samuel Twichell.. I 2 I 
Metzgar i 


13^ cords 

3/ " 

" And we further report that our school has been visited by 
the Inspector of Common Schools during the year preceding 
this report twice, and that the sum paid for teachers' wages 
over and above the public moneys apportioned to said district 
during the same year amounts to $35.00. 

" Dated at Concord the first day of January, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eieht hundred and thirt\--three. 

Benjamin Fav, j 

Enoch Sinclear, - Trustees. 

Amasiah Ashman. \ 

Noah Townsend, Clerk." 



There is not one scholar of fifty or sixt\- \'ears ago Hving 
to-day but what has a \'ivid recollection of the " spelling 
school," and though it was a " long spell " ago, and many a sad 
"spell" since then has cast its shadows over the hearts of 
scholars and teachers, still these lines will bring to memory one 
of the brightest "spells" on life's pathway. 

Word had been given out a week or so beforehand. The 
invitation was made general, not only to those who belonged 
t(^ the district, but those of other districts were welcomed, and 
their presence was sure to add greater interest to the occasion. 
The elder scholars in several households had been requested to 
bring candles to give light while some of the older girls would 
stay over to give the school-house an extra sweeping, and to 
see also that the fire was kept brightly burning. Their busy 
hands were never idle, — the door, the windows and the walls 
of the room would be deeply festooned with evergreens that 
grew abundant and near, and when the room was all ablaze 
with light from the great open fire, and the burning candles 
fixed all along the walls, the sight, to the youthful imagination, 
was truly enchanting. Then, as the appointed time drew near 
and the scholars began to assemble, some on foot and some on 
sleds and sleighs, what shouts of joy would greet the ear as 
these vehicles drew up to the door and turned out their loads 
of happy, merry-hearted boys and girls. These sleds and 
sleighs were great institutions of their time, and they performed 
an important part in the Winter's merry-makings. Like the 
omnibus, there was always room for one more, and upon these 
occasions the great box would be filled with clean, bri"-ht 
straw, and then they would start out and gather them in as 
they passed from house to house until they had reached their 
destination. Perhaps the driver wielded an ox gad and the 
pace was slow, but it was free from danger and full of innocent 
fun. In good time all would be assembled before the great 
log fire. Hats and hoods, capes and cloaks, would be placed 
upon shelves or hung upon the wall, and after all had become 
sufificiently warm, the teacher would step to the desk, the 
laughing and talking would cease. Two of the best spellers 
were generally selected to choose sides. " Cuts " were drawn 


for the first choice, and the choosers would take their places 
on the opposite sides of the room face to face. Then the one 
who had won first choice would call out the name of a favorite 
speller, and he or she would be marshalled on that side, and 
likewise the second choice would be made by the other chooser, 
and this alternate choosing would go on until ever}^one 
present had been invited to take a part, and two long columns 
sat facing each other. 

Now some of the spectators present would be chosen to keep 
" tally." The master would step to the head, with book in 
one hand and candle in the other, a word would be pronounced 
to the right, then to the left, and so on, until everyone in the 
lines had spelled in turn. A word missed by a speller on the 
right, and passed to the left and corrected, was scored a point 
for the left. A word missed by a speller on the left, and 
passed to the right and corrected, was scored a point for the 
right. A word missed on the left, passed to the right and 
missed again, and passed back and corrected, was termed 
saved and no score made, and vice versa. 

What a conflict of emotions filled the hearts of those young 
spellers as the words were dealt out right and left. How when 
the words grew hard there might have been a little blue-eyed 
divinity in pink frock and cheeks in that row of spellers, that 
made your boyish heart tremble every time she undertook to 
wrestle with a hard word. How you longed to be by her side, 
if only to prompt her, for you know there were friendships 
formed at those spelling-schools of fifty and sixty years ago 
that burn brightl}- to-day, and will continue to burn until the 
hands are folded across the peaceful breast, and you feel that 
life's brightest spell for you has gone, when these same loving 
blue eyes are forever closed. 

As the spelling began at " Baker " to give the younger ones 
a chance, nearly half the evening has gone. The book is closed 
and fifteen minutes are given for intermission, when all is fun 
and frolic. Fhe master would snuff the candles and brand up 
the fire, aiid at times he too would enter into the merry-mak- 
ings. The fifteen minutes are up and teacher and scholars 
again take their places, and two more scholars, perhaps 
\'ounger. are selected t<^ choose up, and the same programme 



is carried out as before, aiul should it be your fate to be clioseii 
next to " your girl," the enjo)"nieiit of the occasion would be 
i^reatl)- heightened. 

The teacher is perhaps assisted b\- a teacher from some 
neighboring school ; or perhaps b}- some competent citizen of 
the district present ; or by some one of the more advanced 
scliolars, and the spelling would proceed for a while as before, 
and the evening's exercises would be brought to a cU^se 
by " spelling down."' The. teacher recjuests the school to 
rise, and then the spelling proceeds as before, from right 
to left, and from left to right, with this difTerence, that 
when a scholar missed a wf)rd, they took their seats, and 
those only who remained standing continued to spell. The 
words simple at first grew harder and harder, and these spellers 
go down as grass falls before the mower's scythe, and as the 
ranks of the spellers decrease, the interest in the contest 
increases ; and so close was the attention, and so great the 
interest, that the falling of a pin might have been heard, and 
even the trembling limbs and voices of the spellers added 
more and more to the intense interest of the occasion. The 
master has exhausted all the hard words in the common les- 
sons ; the tallow candles burn low; the younger scholars stretch 
and yawn in their drowsiness, and the master's voice has a 
wear}' husky tone, still the gladiators keep their places. Then 
the master closes his book and drops his head as if about 
to retire x'anquished, but he was only preparing strateg)' and 
he pronounces out a word not found in the spelling-book. The 
speller is taken by surprise, and he spells out the word with 
trembling and fear. " Next ! " cries the master in a defiant 
tone. There is a longer pause ere the next speller attempts 
for the letters have got mixed up in the brain and confidence 
has fled ; then the word is hesitatingly drawled out. "Wrong ! " 
cries the master with nuich relief, as he correctl}- renders the 
word. Then school is dismissed and there is a hurrying to and 
fro for the wrappings, candles are taken from the walls and 
blown out. the sleds and sleighs are read)' at the door to 
receive their loads of merry, happy-hearted boys and girls. A 
few of the larger lads and lassies linger around the flickering, 
dying embers; then the master or some one who has it in 

142 thp: sickle and hand-scythe. 

charge, covers with ashes the great bed of coals, that will keep 
for the morrow's fire, and almost total darkness reigns. Then 
there is a low, whispering consultation b}^ the lingerers, and 
the shouting waiting loads at the door are told to move on 
by these same lingerers as they choose to walk, and the old 
school-house that stood on the hill is left to the silent watches 
of the night. 


When the country was first settled farming in its various 
branches was conducted in a primitive manner. The machinery 
now in use was then unknown, and had it been it would 
have been of but very little use to the pioneers, whose fields 
were covered with great stumps that required years to decay. 
The sickle that had been in use from time immemorial, for 
Ruth gleaned in the fields of Boaz after the reapers a thousand 
years or more before the Christian era, made its appearance 
here with the landing of the pilgrim fathers, and its use had 
been indispensable until some "Yankee genius" invented the 
hand-scythe or cradle, with bended snath and wooden fingers. 
So the sickle here was used by the pioneer fathers to cut all 
small or sown grain, such as wheat, oats, barley or rye. It was 
similar in construction to the one now in use for cutting grass 
from shrubbery, only it carried a fine serrated edge, made by 
finely ribbing the lower side of the blade similar to one side of 
a mill-file, and only grinding or sharpening it upon the smooth 
or upper side. 

The skillful reaper would thrust this implement into the grain 
with the right hand, which did the most of the gathering ; then 
with a dextrous movement of the left, the grain would be' 
held bv the thumb and forefinger, the three remaining fingers 
falling upon the back of the blade, holding it to its work, while 
the implement would be drawn by a quick motion upwards 
and to the right and the work was accomplished. Great care 
had to be exercised in the use of this implement, for its fine 
serrated edge was as keen as a razor's blade, and the novice was 
almost certain to receive an ugh- gash on the fingers or ball of 
the left hand. The cut grain would be laid to the right rear in 

THE RAIM'INC ()¥ THK II. All.. 1 43 

" gavels," and these would be bound in bundles and " shocked." 
A skillful reaper would cut from a half to an acre per day, and 
would handle his sickle with as much dexterit}- as the mower 
could swini^ his bended snath. 

The threshini^ was chiefly done with a flail upon a threshing 
fltior. Wlien the farmers had progressed so far in affluence as 
to be able to build a barn, this floor was the main one in the 
building. If otherwise, this floor was constructed out of doors 
by placing "sleepers" on the ground and covering these with 
two-inch plank, the grain stacked conveniently near and the 
grain beaten from the chaff and straw with flails. A diligent 
man could thresh from twenty to twenty-five bushels of oats 
per day, and from eight to ten bushels of wheat, and it might 
have been laborious, but it was not an unpleasant occupation 
in the cold days of winter where it was performed indoors. 
The big barn floor would be made perfectly clean by a free use 
of the splint broom; a flooring would be thrown from the scaf- 
fold, consisting most generally of twenty-four bundles, these 
placed in two swaths across the floor, with the heads of the 
grain resting together; then the threshers, for company's sake, 
generally two, would step to one end of the flooring, and the 
work would begin, one to advance and the other to retreat 
across the grain to the alternate music of the flails. Then the 
grain would be turned over and another advance and retreat 
had across the grain and this flooring was finished. Then 
the straw^ was gathered up and the grain carefully shaken from 
it, and bound into bundles, the threshed-out grain pushed to 
one side and the threshers were ready for another flooring. 
Most generally the threshing season would begin at the com- 
mencement of cold weather, and would be continued far into 
the winter, and the alternate rapping, rapping, rapping of the 
flails heard throughout the land from early dawn until evening, 
was not disagreeable to the ear, but rather pleasing. Here we 
wish to diverge a little and then we are done with threshing. 

In these times men would follow some calling and make a 
specialty of it, such as "chopping," "logging" or "threshing." 
A man b\- the name of Carr, and an original of the times, 
moved into the settlement in indigent circumstances. He pro- 
fessed to be a great thresher, and talked a great deal of what 


he was able to accomplish in this peculiar line. Finally he 
took a job of " Square " Frye to thresh out sex-eral hundred 
bushels of grain. The first day Carr"s efforts, when measured 
up, were very meager, being onh' about one-third what an}- 
active man would hax'e accomplished in the same time, and 
this fell so far short of Carr's professions and the "'Square's" 
expectations that there might have been something said. How- 
ever Carr, at the supper table that night, all of a sudden, 
dropped his knife and fork, and looking the old man in the face 
said, " ' Square,' you need have no fears about my not being 
able to thresh your grain ; I shall do a great deal better to-mor- 
row, for I have got the hang of your barn." This excited the 
old man to a hearty laugh, and ever after if he undertook a task 
that did not savor of success, he would always say to those 
about him, " Wait until I get the hang of the barn." 

As the grain has been cut and threshed, it must be separated 
from the chaff by "winnowing" in the wind. This was done 
by a "hand-fan," an implement, semi-circular in shape, bottom 
composed of thin, light wood, with sides of same material, 
about eight inches high. The shape of this fan would be similar 
to a large semi-circular dustpan, made of wood, with the handles 
on the sides. The operator filled the fan with the grain to be 
cleaned, and stood with his back to the wind. Then by a 
quick and skillful movement of the fan, the grain would be 
thrown into the air, the light chaff caught by the wind and 
carried away while the grain would fall back again into the fan, 
to have the operation repeated until it was free from all chaff. 
A skillful man would clean from thirt)- to fort}' bushels ot 
grain per da}- in this manner. 


Although the year 1776 had been numbered v\ ith the [)ast. 
and most of the active participants in the stirring events ot 
that period in our nation's history-, rested from their toils 
" where heaves the turf in man}' a mouldering heap." still that 
spirit which formed a lodgment in the hearts of the ]\iritan 
Fathers had been transmitted to their descendants, and not onl}- 
this, but the Statutes of the State made it imperative on ever}- 
male citizen who had attained the age of eighteen years, and 


who was of sound boil}' aiul mind lo do niilitar\' duty until 
he had reached the ai^e of forty-five. This law was strictly 
enforced and there was no way of evading it unless prevented 
by some temporar\- sicknes... The law required that the rank 
and file should drill two days in each year. These " drills " 
were termed traininy;s, and were held in June and September. 
The former was termed comixun- training;-, when only the mem- 
bers of eacli individual compan)' a.ssembled and were instructed 
in the manual of arms, or the science of war, by the captain, 
or his under officers. The latter, or that held in September, 
was termed General Training, or more properly General 
Muster, when the companies of one or more Regiments, would 
assemble upon one common parade ground, and where they 
would be under the command of some field officer, accompan- 
ied by a full staff. 

Aside from these drills there was another drill held by the 
officers and musicians in the month of August, and continued 
for two days. This was termed an "officer's drill," and most 
always the occasion would be honored by the presence of a 
Colonel, who with all the rest would appear in full dress, and 
as may be readily inferred, this band of plumed heroes were 
much ob-served by all the small boys wdio were out in full 
attendance. But the day of all others for Young America, and 
those who loved the pomp and circumstance of glorious war, 
was general muster. The ear-piercing fife and the spirit-stirring 
drum would call the a.ssembled hosts to order. Then there 
would be a hurrying to and fro on prancing steeds, who at the 
sound of fife and drum seemed to possess the military .spirit 
and zeal of the occasion, and would proudly keep step and 
time to the martial strains, as rank upon rank was being formed 
in line Then the officer in com.mand accompanied by his staff 
would take charge of the field, and the troops would be drilled 
in the manual of arms. These officers would be mounted on 
richly caparisoned horses. Their bright uniforms were tasty, 
and made of the most costly material ; their flashing sabers 
hung from silken sashes; their heavy plumed caps and the 
shimmer of their epaulets, reminded one of the splendor of 
Oriental pageantry. 

Sometime during the da)' the troops would be marshaled into 


line where the}- would be reviewed by the Brigade Inspector, 
whose duty was to give to each soldier's arms, a personal 

The day would close with a solemn invocation to the Lord 
of Hosts. The troops would be formed into a hollow square, 
with the commanding officers and staff in the center, dis- 
mounted. Then the Regimental Chaplain would step forth, 
arms would be brought to rest and heads uncovered, while the}' 
attentively listened to the brief religious exercises, and the 
order w^ould be given to break ranks. 

In early times, the }'oung men at the most of the gatherings 
indulged more or less in athletic sports, such as jumping, run- 
ning and wrestling. Wrestling was the favorite, as it displayed 
the skill, strength and agility of the contestants. A ring would 
be formed and two of these modern gladiators would step in. 
" Collar and elbow" or " square hold " was the favorite, and a 
very exciting and spirited contest would be witnessed, until 
one or the other had won a fall, then it was the dut}- of the 
defeated to select some wrestler from those present to take his 
place in the ring, and the sport would continue, and, as 'before 
stated, the result depended on the strength, skill and agility of 
the contestants. It has been known for one of these to enter 
the ring and by his own personal prowess vanquish all com- 
petitors. In such an event, he was accorded the champion, an 
honor he had to maintain in all future rings and against all 
aspiring competitors. 

Hard as it was and rough as it ma}- appear to us of the pre- 
sent day, the life of the pioneer during the long drear}- Winter 
was not w-ithout its attractions. The log house had been made 
comfortable b\' chinking it with moss and mud. and the great 
open Dutch fire-place always lent its welcome cheer. If the 
weather was severe the great forests shielded his abode from 
the chilling winds that blow now so keenly from the North. 
If his larder was supplied with a plenty of breadstuff, an exist- 
ance more conducive to robustness, more free from artificial 
worries and more hostile to disease in all its forms, cannot be 



conceived, and it was not witliout its creature comforts either. 
What if the Winters w ere loni^ and the snows were deep, his 
wood pile was near and in abundance. An liour's chopping or 
thereabouts suppHed his stock with plenty of "browse." and if 
his store of meat was ji^ettiui^ low, he knew tlie range of the 
deer, and deep as the snow was he could reach them on his 
trust}' " snow-shoes." These shoes were an indispensable arti- 
cle to the earh' pioneer, and were made b\' bendin_L( two sticks 
of any strong, fje.xible wood, about half an inch in thickness 
and five feet long, as you would shape an ox-bow, by bringing 
the ends together and firmh- fastening them. Two of these 
formed the skeleton work for a right and left shoe. The skele- 
tons were fineh' interlaced with strings of " moose wood." elm 
bark, or more often the rawhide of the deer, in ever\- direction. 


Straps were affixed in the center of these shoes similar to those 
on skates, and the}' \\'ere read}' for use. These shoes brought 
over three superficial feet of surface to the }-ielding snow, and 
they enabled the hunter to trax'cl wherex'er he willed without 
sinking: man}- times with his trust}- rifle across one shoulder 
a deer across the other. 


Dancing in early times was a favorite pastime and was more 
or less indulged in by old and young. Frequently during the 
Winter, as the shadows of cx'ening deepened the gloom of the 
forest, a sound of merriment would be heard at the home of 
one of the settlers, perhaps on the occasion of a quilting or 


wedding, that would be kept up until near the hour of morn- 
ing. There was a great deal of innocent hearty enjoyment in 
one of these old fashioned dances. The old fashioned tunes 
were rich in melody and the figures, though not so intricate as 
some of the modern dances, yet they were more graceful, and, 
perhaps, some might say, moral. The exercises frequently would 
begin with the " monnie musk " and close with the " Scotch reel " 
or " hunt the squirrel," where all could join in the dance. The 
mode of traveling during the Winter through the woods, was 
with ox team and sled and horses and sleigh, reference to this 
has been made in another place, while in Summer, riding horse 
back was common upon such occasions. The saddles of those 
times most always had a " pillion," or padded cushion afifixed 
to the rear of the seat. The rider would mount and if a part- 
ner was to bear him company she took a seat in the rear upon 
the " pillion " and away they would gallop through the woods 
and "o'er hill and dale," withthegrace and ease of the ancient 
cavaliers. Buggies were entirely unknown in those days. If 
the occasion was a public dance, upon a holiday, the young 
men would assemble three or four weeks previous and choose 
three managers, whose duty was to make all the arrangements. 
They issued the cards of invitation and no one was entitled to 
join the dance unless formally invited. These managers con- 
ducted the exercises in every respect ; secured the music, and, 
if wines or liquors were to be used, they also obtained these 
and fixed the price of admission. The dancing generally com- 
menced sometimes in the afternoon and continued until near 
morning. The landlord's duty was to furnish supper and a 
hall and to see that the teams were properly cared for. The 
friendliness and hearty good will existing among the families 
of the early settlers added greatly to the interest and enjoy- 
ment of the old fashioned pioneer dances. 


One of the greatest annoyances to the early settlers, and that 
which occupied his night thoughts with the gravest concern, 
was the depredations of the wolf upon the sheep fold. These 
depredations were always to be found where deer and other game 
abounded, and when impelled b}- the pangs of hunger, the 



blood}- instinct of the cowardly animal was brought out in all 
ferocity and a pack of them became a dangerous foe to man or 
beast. They usually betook themselves to the fastness of some 
great forest, where they would lay concealed until night had 
drawn her sable curtain and then they would sally forth, and 
woe unto the luckless farmer who had neglected to have his 
sheep safe in the fold — for a bloody field of carnage would meet 
his gaze the next morning — sheep with their throats torn open, 
sheep with their sides bitten through, their vitals laid bare, and 
their entrails dragging upon the ground ; some dead and some 
in the last agonies of dissolution. This particular field might 
be but a small part of the bloody work done that night, and 
the day would perhaps bring the news that the floocks for 
miles around had suffered from these same blood-thirst}' fleet- 
footed marauders. Of course, this general slaughter of the 
flocks aroused a just indignation in the breasts of the farmers, 
and, on this particular occasion (1830), it was resolved upon to 
turn out and surround them in their lair. Their retreat was 
known to be in the west woods, a tract of land lying west and 
northwest of Morton's Corners, some three miles square, extend- 
ing north and south from the Morton's Corners road that leads 
due west into Collins, to the old Genesee road three miles 
north, and thence running west on these respective roads about 
three miles, making an unbroken wilderness of about twelve 
miles in circumference. This tract embraced the Reaver Mead- 
ows and all that now known as New Michigan, which was at 
that time very densel}- timbered. A day was designated and 
word sent to the people of Concord, Collins and North Collins, 
and they did not require a second bidding, but at the time 
named, came flocking in b}' the scores. Leaders were chosen, 
the territory in question surrounded, and the siege began from 
all quarters, the objective point being the Beaver Meadow. 
The lines were formed and those who carried arms were placed 
in shooting range of each other. Horns were used as signals 
and cow bells indicated the line of march, and every inch of 
the ground was carefully patrolled, but for some cause no wolf 
scalp was secured. The onl}- man that secured any trophy 
that day was Windsor King. The noise startled a big buck 
and he undertook to run the guard, but was " caught on the 


fly" and killed dead by King's unerring aim. It was claimed 
by some that the wolves ran the guard on the south side and 
made good their escape into the Otto woods. Be this as it 
may, there was something at that time that gave them a terri- 
ble fright tor they have never disturbed the flocks here since. 
As to the numbers that were present at this hunt it has been 
variously estimated, but it is safe to say that there were between 
five and six hundred. The author, then twelve years of age, 
was there. 


It is not more than thirty-five or forty years ago, since our 
highways and thoroughfares used to teem with great herds of 
horses, cattle, sheep and hogs. These " droves," as they were 
usually termed, were mostl}' bred west of here and were 
bought up by the local and eastern dealer, and driven hun- 
dreds of miles to market, weeks being consumed on the way. 
Of those who drove from this town we remember the names 
of Augustus G. Elliott, John Van Pelt, Seth W. Godard, Geo. 
Richmond and Aimer White, &c. At times as high as two or 
three hundred head of cattle would be contained in one drove and 
would require the assistance of three or four men to take charge 
of them. Usually the proprietor would be mounted and as 
the day waned he would gallop in advance and look out for a 
stopping place for the night. The most favorable times for 
"driving" was after the haying season had passed, as the 
" rowen " or " aftermath " on the meadows, afforded the travel- 
worn stock a fresh and bountiful repast for the night. Fifteen 
and twenty miles a da)' would be usuall}' made by the cattle 
droves, while those whose droves were made up exclusively of 
horses and mules nearly double that distance would be accom- 
plished. If the drove were hogs, usuall)' a team would accom- 
pany them and feeci would sometimes be carried from one 
station to the next one ahead, but as a general rule the farmers 
along the way were abundantly able to entertain man and beast 
for one night. Sheep would be driven in herds of several 
hundred and after driving a da)' or so, they would become so 
tractable that two men and a shepherd dog would take charge 
of the largest flocks. Usually the drove would be supplied with 


one " bell weather," which took the lead and the rest were cer- 
tain to follow. After the introduction of steam and the advent 
of the stock car, a great change has taken place in supplying 
the Eastern markets with stock. Hardly as many hours are 
now required under the new order of things as days were con- 
sumed under the old. 


Some time in the Fall of 1828 or '29, Arey Smith, a farmer, 
lived on a farm south of the Jones place, some three miles south 
of Springville, across the Cattaraugus creek. His family con- 
sisted of a wife and a son by another woman, a bright little lad 
some ten years old. The story goes that the last that was seen 
of the boy his stepmother sent him with a basket to the log- 
ging field where his father and several men were at work. His 
basket was afterwards found on the way, but never after was a 
trace of the missing boy found. "One touch of nature makes 
the whole world kin," and when it became known that a little 
boy was missing the great public heart for many miles around 
was touched, and men came in from all directions to join in 
the search. By sunrise on the following day the child hunters 
were formed in line and the search began and extended for 
man)' miles and was continued for more than a week. Every 
conceivable spot and place where the boy might be concealed 
was closely examined. It was understood that should any 
traces of the lost one be found a signal should be given by the 
firing of a gun. One day the welcome signal was heard, and 
soon the cry of "child found" was raised, and the hunters 
rushed to headquarters ; but it was a mistake due to one of the 
searcher's over zeal, taking the tracks of a young bear for 
those of the missing child. It is said that the search was so 
thorough that all the missing cow-bells were found. The shores 
of the streams were examined for ten or fifteen miles for the 
foot-prints of the little wanderer, but without avail. In the 
course of time, everybody gave up the search as hopeless, and 
many theories were advanced concerning his disappearance. 
Some held that the little boy had been stolen by the 
Indians ; others that he had fallen a prey to the ravenous 
appetites of wild beasts; while suspicion pointed strongly to 


Smith or his wife or both as the ones responsible for his dis- 
appearance. Be this as it ma}-, the father and mother have 
long been dead, and the grave has set its seal forever on the 
solution of this mystery. 


In early times every year that the beech forests produced 
their fruit, this bird flocked here in countless numbers and they 
were hailed as were the quail by the famishing Israelites in the 
wilderness. Their nesting grounds and roost were chosen in 
the fastness of the great forest, awa)' from the settlers. To- 
wards evening they would commence winging their way from 
their feeding grounds to the roost and for hours one ceaseless 
stream of birds would pour into this retreat. After dark the 
hunter \\ould repair to this ground armed with a shot gun and 
in a very short time he could secure more than he could carry 
away by a promiscuous firing into the tops of the trees. Those 
who had nets and a tame pigeon for a deco}-, secured them 
alive by the thousand. During the nesting season the old 
birds became a great pest to the settler as they were sure to 
forage upon the crops of early-sowed grain. The Indians used 
to secure them in great numbers b)- watching the nesting 
grounds and just before the young bird had learned to use its 
wings, they would camp upon these grounds and make a gen- 
eral harvest. The pigeon roost at night was a wild and weird 
field of action and excitement, especially after the hunters (I 
have known five and six different parties in the same woods at 
once) had begim to stir them up all over the nesting grounds 
by the noise and blaze of their guns. The woods were literally 
alive with them and a light would be instantly extinguished by 
the current of air set in motion by the m}-riad of wings. These 
birds would rise with the morning sun above the tops of the 
trees and wing their way for miles and miles out to the feeding 
grounds. The noise they made when leaving the roost resem- 
bled that of distant thunder or the roar of mighty waters, and 
so dense would be their flight at times that the sun for many 
minutes would be hid as beneath a cloud. At one time they 
nested on the Buttermilk; another, between Frye hill and Mor- 
ton's creek. One year upon the Smith brook, and again in 


tlic north [)art of the town, west of the Eighteen mile creek. 
Tlie}- also nestetl in tlie Otto woods. 


The pioneers of these towns were mostly from New Eng- 
land and came of Puritan stock, and they observed Thanks- 
giving day to a considerable extent after the manner of their 
forefathers, and although the fields did not, in every instance, 
produce in fruit and grain in such abundance as they might 
desire, still the early settler felt when the harvest moon waned 
that there was a great deal in his wilderness home to be grate- 
ful for. The seed that he had planted and sowed on his newly 
cleared grounds had not been barren of results. Health and 
strength had been vouchsafed during seed-time and harvest, 
and he could look forward to the coming winter and feel 
assured that his wx'll-garnered store was abundant and as the 
appointed day drew near when the grateful hearts join in a 
general thanksgiving to Him who causeth the out-going of the 
morning and maketh the evening rejoice, and "who appointeth 
the seed-time and the harvest," appropriate preparations were 
made for its observance. It was a season when the family 
circle and kindred were expected to meet beneath some famil\- 
roof-tree and there to partake of the bounty of the land. 

The out-door oven was made to contribute its share of good 
things in the way of cakes, puddings and the immortal pump- 
kin pie, while the great open fire-place with its back-log and 
fore-stick piled high with beech and maple not onh' sent out 
its welcome and ruddy cheer but its broad and open bosom 
was made the receptacle for various dishes that needed the 
generous heat to prepare them for the feast. Fhe iron dinner- 
pot hung from the chain or trammel on the lug-pole and boiled 
and bubbled while the tea-kettle simmered and sung in the 
corner and by its side was the earthern or Britannia tea-pot in 
readiness to dispense " the bcxerage that cheers but not ine- 

Rut the crowning glory of all and that which occupied the 
good wife's greatest care was the roasting turkey that was sus- 
pended by a string in front of the fire and so near that in the 
course of two or three hours, by continual turning and basting. 


it was ready for the table. A dripping-pan was placed on the 
hearth beneath the turkey and a ladle or a large spoon length- 
ened by the addition of a wooden-handle, was used to dip the 
gravy from the dripping-pan and pour it over the turkey as it 
was constantly turned by the string. 

When all was in readiness, and with appetites made keen with 
waiting, around the generous board were gathered old and 
young and a bountiful dinner was enjo)'ecl. After which per- 
haps pipes and tobacco for the aged would be introduced and 
the day would be passed in social intercourse, and we young- 
sters of fifty or sixt}' years ago always felt like blessing 
the man who first invented roast turke\'s and Thanksgi\'ing 

The following lines, describing the accidental meeting of a 
family, although penned many years after the scenes described 
above were enacted, are eminent!}' fitting and suggesti\e of the 
old-time Thanksgiving re-unions: 

We are all here I 

Father, Mother, 

Sister, Brother, 
All who hold each other dear. 
Each chair is filled—we're all a/ home ! 
To-night let no cold stranger come ; 
It is not often thus around 
Our old familiar hearth we're found ; 
Bless, then, the meeting and the spot ; 
For once be every care forgot ; 
Let gentle Peace assert her power, 
And kind Affection rule the hour ; 

We're all — all here. 

We're not all here ! 
Some are away — the dead ones dear, 
Who thronged with us this ancient hearth, 
And gave the hour to guiltless mirth. 
Fate, with a stern, relentless hand, 
Looked in and thinned our little band ; 
Some like a night-fiash passed away, 
And some sank, lingering, day by day : 
The quiet grave-yard — some lie there — 
And cruel Ocean has its share — 

We're tiot all here. 

" we'rk ai.l— ALi, Hp^.rk." 155 

We on- all here ! 
Even they— the dead— though dead, so dear • 
Fond Memory, to her duty true, 
Brings back their faded forms to view. 
How life-like, through the mist of years, 
Each well-remembered face appears I 
We see them as in times long past. 
From each to each kind looks are cast ; 
We hear their words, their smiles behold, 
They're round us as they were of old — 

We are all here. 

We are all here ! 

Father, Mother, 

Sister, Brother, 
You that I love with love so dear. 
lliis may not long of us be said ; 
Soon must we join the gathered dead ; 
And by the hearth we now sit round. 
Some other circle will be found. 
Oh ! then, that wisdom may we know, 
Which yields a life of peace below ; 
So, in the world to follow this, 
May each repeat, in words of bliss: 

We're all — all Jiete ! 



The First Settlers — Land Sales — The First Deed — Early Roads — The First Set- 
tlers on Each Lot — Hotels, Mills aid Manufactories — Professional Men, 
Merchants, Traders and Mechanics— '' Fiddlers Green" — Mails, Mail 
Routes and Post-Offices— Land Owners in 1S45— Concord's Soldier 
Record — Churches — Societies — Springville Academy — Schools and 
Teachers— Miscellaneous. 


This honor belongs to Christopher Stone, and, although the 
author has made diligent research for records concerning the 
birth, nativity and early histor)' of the man, still his efforts 
have been in vain and from whence he came or whither he went 
is an unsolved mystery. The records of the Holland Land 
Company show that Christopher Stone, on the 2nd day of De- 
cember, 1807, articled lot 3 containing 357 acres, also on the 
same day articled lot 9 containing 245 acres, and on the follow- 
ing day, December 3d, articled lot 14 containing 185 acres, all of 
T. 6, R. 6. The greater portion of the Village of Springville is 
located on the two former lots. His cabin was on Buffalo 
street, on a lot now owned and occupied by William Joslyn, 
and stood very near the latter's residence. Stone must have 
sold the north part of lot 3 to John Albro prior to 1810, on 
which the latter built a log house and barn, for, in the Summer 
of 1 8 10, we learn that the said barn was used as a school room. 
The south part of lot 3 was sold to Rufus Eaton, and posses- 
sion was given in the Spring of 18 10. After selling out here. 
Stone did not remain but a short time. In the Summer of 
18 10, he lived up b\' the big spring and his children attended 
.■!.chool. His son, Lucius, was the first white child born in the 
town. It is conceded by all that John Albro was the next set- 
tler, and that Stone and Albro with their families, were the sole 
inhabitants that passed the Winter of 1807 in the Town of 


Concord. Tlic imagination of the reader will naturally turn 
back to that period in our histor\-, to these pioneer families 
and their immediate surroundings. It was fully ten miles to 
the nearest settlement and the way was rendered almost im- 
passible by the snows of Winter and the obstacles to be sur- 
mounted in journeying through an unbroken wilderness. And, 
again, will the reader's thoughts go back to the infant settle- 
ment on the following Summer, when death, the unwelcomed 
guest at all seasons and places, had invaded the home of John 
Albro, and rendered it desolate by removing his wife. The oc- 
casion of that burial in the woods must have been one of ex- 
treme solemnity, as the hardy pioneers who had come from a 
distance, gathered around that cofifined form and bore it away 
to rest beneath the deep shadows of the mighty forest. This 
was the first Christian burial in the town. In the Fall of 1808. 
the population of the new settlement was augmented by the 
families of Deacon John Russell and Samuel Cochran. The for- 
m-cr articled the whole of lot i, upon which he built a log cabin. 
This stood on the northeast corner of the lot north of Franklin 
street, near where it turns to the northwest up the hill. Samuel 
Cochran articled one hundred acres on the south part of lot 2. 
His cabin stood on the north part of his claim, at the foot of 
the hill near Miss Goddard's residence. Albro went east and 
the families of Stone, Cochran and Russell were the only inhabi- 
tants in the town in the Winter of 1808. From 1808, up to the 
declaration of war, 1812, settlers came in cjuite fast and we find 
by the records and by further investigation, that previous to the 
first of January, 181 5, about eighty-five settlers had located in 
the present limits of the Town of Concord (although some of 
them did not remain permanently) but the list on the following 
page docs not include their families. 





Christopher Stone 
John Albro. 
Samuel Cochran. 
Joseph Yaw. 
Rufus Flaton. 

David Stickney 
David Leroy. 
Isaac Knox. 
Samuel Burgess 


Chris. Douglas. 
Benj. Douglas. 
Asa Cary. 

Joshua Mathewson. 
Hale Mathewson. 
Xoah Culver. 
Deacon Jennings. 
James Bascom. 

Benjamin Gardner. James Henman. 
Elijah Perigo. .Doctor Rumsev. 

David Stannard. 
Jery L. Jenks. 

Wm. Wright. 
Nathan King. 
Almon Fuller, 


David Shultus. 
George Shultus. 
William Shultus. 
Moses White. 
Frances White. 
Truman White. 
Enoch Chase. 
Abner Chase. 
Henry Hackett. 


Isaiah Pike. 
James Pike. 
Lewis Trevitt. 
John Ures. 
Je.ssie Putnan. 
Thos. M. Barrett. 
Reuben Metcalf. 
Sylvenus Kingsley. 
Comfort Knapp. 
Arad Knapp. 


Giles Churchill 
Luther Curtis. 
Luther Hibbard. 
John Drake. 
Jacob Drake. 
Elijah Dunham. 
Seneca Baker. 
Benj. C. Foster. 


Jonath'n Townsend 
Uzial Townsend. 
Amaziah Ashman. 
Benjamin Fay. 
Solomon Field. 
James Stratton. 
Samuel Stewart. 
Thomas McGee. 


Julius Bement. 
Elihu Bement. 

us TO JAN. I, 1815. 


I Samuel Cooper. 

Smith Russel. 
i Cary Clemens. 
< James Brown. 

Obadiah Brown. 

Channing Trevitt. 

James Armisteatl. 
j John Clemens. 
I Isaac Lush. 

Hira Lush. 

Ezra Lush. 

Daniel Lush. 

Capt. J. Hanchett. 


Lyman Drake. 
Geo. Killom. 
James Thurber. 


John Russell. 
Gideon Parsons. 
Mr. Stevens. 


Wm. Smith. 
Elijah Pamenter. 
Luther Pratt. 


Sylvenus Cook. 
Nehemiah Paine. 


There were no set- 
tlers in this part of 
the town. 




The followini; tables show the name of each person who 

boui^lit land of the Holland Comi^an)' within the limits of the 

present Town of Concord, the number of the lot, the number 

of acres purchased, ;ind the price paid : 



Christopher Stone . 
Christopher Stone. 
Christopher Stone . 
(rcorge Richmond . 
Samuel Cochrane. . 

Joseph Yau 

John Russell 

Benjamin Douy;lass 
Calvin Doolittle. . . 
David Shultus. . . . 
.Vpollos Hitciicock 

Moses White 

Klihu Bement 

.Vlmon Fuller 

Isaac Knox 

Cijors^'e Shuhus . . . 
Truman White. . . . 

Moses White 

\o.ih Culver 

Samuel Burgess... 

Rufus Eaton 

Hale Mathewson. . 
(ieorge Richmond. 

(Oliver Dearth 

.\lva Plumb 

Benjamin Rhodes. 
Benjamin Rhodes. 
Luther Austin . . . . 

Alva Plumb 

.Moses Wiiite 

-Silas Rushmore. . . 
William Weeden . . 




1 80S, 


1 80S, 

1 809. 






I -^lo 

1 8 10, 





18 1 3. 

1 8 14. 
1 8 1 5 . 

181 5, 
1 8 16, 

18 16, 



Dec. 2.. 
Dec. 2. . 
Dec. 3.. 
Dec. 22 
June 8.. 
June 8. . 
Sept. I . 
June 3.. 
June [2 
June 8.. 
June 8. . 
June 28 
Sept. 1 1 
Sept. 28 
Oct. 16. 
Oct. 29. 
Dec. 3 1 . 
Dec. 3 1 . 
Dec. 31 
July 12. 
Oct. 27. 
Nov. 12 
Dec. 7.. 
Mar. 20 
July 6.. 
Oct. 14. 
Oct. 24. 

Nov. 9 . 
Sspt. 17 
Oct. 19. 
Mar. 16 


' • • 

1 14.. 

1 23 & 24 

S pt 1 2 . 

n pt 1 2 . 

1 I 

1 4 & 10.. 

1 20 

[ 22 

1 21.! ... 

1 18 

n pt 1 II 


n pt 1 8. . 

1 19 

1 16 

1 17 

s-w p 1 5 . 

w pt 1 8 . 
s-e pt 1 8 
s-e pt 1 5 
n-e pt 1 5 
w pt 1 7 . 
n pt 1 7. . 

1 12 

s pt 1 II 

cKin pt 1 3 

s-w pt 1 8 

1 15 

s-e pt 1 13 
s-wpt 1 1 3 







































1 10 




















4 00 

15 00 
34 00 
10 00 

' 5 75 

I 00 

12 00 


12 GO 

16 GO 
16 GO 
19 GO 
2G GG 
19 GG 

16 GG 

17 GG 

17 GO 
17 GO 

15 GO 
17 GO 
17 GO 

9 GG 

16 GO 

16 GO 
13 00 
12 GO 

28 GO 

17 GO 
24 GO 
22 GO 
15 GO 



* By Deed . But very few of the old settlers took deeds of their land al the time of pur- 
chase, but took instead a contract, or, as it was then called, an " article," by which they were 
allo.ved to pay for their land in six equal annual installments, after which they received a 
deed. It was the custom, however, of the Holland Company to give a second article al the 
end of the six years if any of the money remained unpaid, providing^ there was a prospect of 
its being finally paid. 



Luther Hibbard 

John Albro 

Ehjah Dunham 

Jedediah Cleveland.. . 

Gideon Parsons 

James Vaughan 

Samuel Cooper 

Benjamin Foster 

Seneca Baker 

Philip Van Horn 

John McAllister 

Luther Curtis 

*Luther Curtis 

Josiah Fay 

Jonathan Townsend . . 

Benjamin Fay 

Fred. Richmond 

William Wright 

Benjamin Sibley & 

Joshua Agard 

David Cunningham. . . 

James Miller 

Samuel Bunnell 

Calvin Warren 

Timothy Moors 

William Smith 

Calvin Warren 

Ebenezer Ferrin 

David Leroy 

David Leroy 

Orrin Sibley 

Giles Churchill 

James Downs 

Simeon Bishop, jr. .. . 

Luther Landon 

William Southworth . . 






1 809, 

1 8 10, 


1 8 10, 











181 I, 










Dec. 2. 
Jan. 14 
Jan. 14 
Aug. 2-] 
Nov. I 
Oct. I I 
Oct. I 1 
Mav 3. 
May 3. 
June 19 
Aug. I. 
Aug. 31 
Aug. 31 
Oct. I . 
Oct. I . 
Nov. 9 
May 6. 
May 9. 

May 15 
May 15 
May 23 
June 5 
Sept. 3( 
Nov. 4 
Oct. 30 
Oct. 30 
Nov. 28 
Mar. 12 
Mar. 12 
April 25 
Oct. 26. 
Aug. I . 
Oct. 23. 
Oct. 28. 
Oct. 26. 


n pt 1 41 
s pt 1 50 
n pt 1 50 
1 49 ... . 



\\ pt 1 5 I 
e pt 1 5 I 
w pt 1 58 
1 28 ..^. . 
n pt 1 42 
s pt 1 42. 

1 60 ... . 
e pt 1 58 
w pt 1 27 
e pt 1 34 

1 63 ... . 
e pt 1 64 
w pt 1 56 
s pt I 35 

1 54 ■ • • • 
w pt 1 26 
pt I34.. 
n pt 1 62 

wpt 1 52 
n pt 1 35 
e pt 1 36 

s pt 1 55 
s pt 1 41 
1 29 ... . 
e pt 1 26 
w pt 1 47 . 
pt 1 56 . . . 

AcuES. Price 












' 330 

; 683 



i 748 

I 567 


:. 787 


, 435 


I 958 
I 700 
i 350 
1 1 260 



; 285 

. 846 







Jcdcdiah Cleveland. . . 

C}'rus Cliene\' 

ICphraim Need ham . . . 

William Chapin 

William Yaw 

John Pratt 

John Rector 

Abraham Middaugh. . 
Christopher Douglas . . 

Sillick Canfield 

Aaron Cole 

William Southworth, jr 

Nathan Goddard 

E. A. Briggs 

David Smith 

Stephen Pnitt 



Orrin Sible\- ! 

Reuben Thurber [ 

Ethan Fember 

Sala W. Barnes 

Prentis Stanbro. .'....] 
Henry J. Vosburg. . . . 

Calvin Smith 

Jonathan Mayo j 

Elam May 

Andrew Pember 

Sala W. Barnes 

Henr)' Ingalls 

William Wright 

William A. Calkins. . .' 

W. Smith 

Josiah Wheeler 

Constant Trevett 

Jonathan Griffith 

S\-lvester Frink 

Jabez &HoratioChapin 
Franklin Twichcll .... 

Robert Flint 

Ezra & Homer Barnes 

Hezekiah Griffith 

William Baker 







Aug. 7 . . 
April 14 
June 5 . . 
June 16. 
July 17.. 
Aug. 5 . . 
Oct. 8. . . 
Nov. 29. 
Dec. 24. 
May. 29, 
Jan. 31. 
Feb. 26 
Nov. 5 . 
Oct. 2. . 
Oct. I . . 
May 22 

Sept. 23 
Sept. 9. 
Ma}' 8. . 
June 10 
Mar. SI. 
Mar. 24. 
Mar. 24. 
Mar. 24. 
Mar. 12. 
Mav 13. 
Oct. 15. 
Dec. 5 . 
April 21 
Oct. 10. 
Dec. 25. 
Dec. 25. 
Oct. 7.". 
Sept. 2S 
Mrv 16. 
Feb. 24. 
April 23 
Feb. 10. 
Feb. ]0. 
Dec. 3 I . 
Dec. I 7. 

Acres. Price 

w pt 1 1 8 . . 
pt I35.... 
pt 1 45 . . . . 
pt I45. ... 
n pt 1 39 . . 
pt 1 47 . . . . 
n pt 1 40. . . 
w pt 1 34 . . . 

pt I35 

n i)t 1 46. . . 

pt 1 46 

e pt 1 56. .. 

n pt 1 26 . . . 

e pt 1 68 . . . 

pt I45 

1 13,30, 31 & 

pt 1 39 . . . 

s-e pt 1 55.. 

pt 1 46 

n pt 1 56. . . 
n-w pt 1 39 . 
n-w pt I 43. . 
s-w pt 1 29 . 

pt 1 43 

pt 1 43 

e pt 1 44. . . 
n-w pt 1 64 . 

pt 1 40 

.s-w pt 1 64 . 
n-e pt 1 29 . . 

pt 1 56 , 

n-e pt I34. •! 
e pt 1 56. . .i 
n-w pt 1 60. 
n-w pt i 37 . 
pt 1 46 . . ^. . . 

pt 1 45 

s pt 1 6 1 . . . . 

pt 1 39 

n i)t 1 32 . . . 
n pt I38...' 

pt 1 37 ; 

1 00 
























i 212 
I 382 

, 200 




Purroy Wilson 

George D. Williams. . . 
Elijah B. Williams.. . . 

John Wilson 

Abel Merryman 

Caleb Abbott 

Frances Ferren 

William Judd 

Milan Holly 

* William Judd 

James L. Bacon 

Smith & Horatio Buys 

Richard Luddick 

Jesse Ferren 

Samuel Haines 

Bela Graves 

Silas Wheelock 

John Griffith 

William Smith, jr 

William Smith, jr 

William Griffith 

William Field 

William Olin 

*Sylvester Abbott . . . 

Arnold Cranston ' 

Joseph Cottrell I 

John Cottrell 

John Philips 

Peter Kinner 

Abram Gardinier 

Sylvester Abbott 

Calvin Smith > 

Samuel A. Jocoy 

David Campbell 

Prentis Stanbro 

Edward Cram 

Henry Akely 

David Meeker 

Henry J. Vosburg. . . . 
*Rebecca Putnam .... 

Barney Graff ] 

E. A. Briggs 





















P\'b. 10 . 
Feb. 24 . 
Feb. 24 . 
Feb. 24 . 
Aug. 1 1 . 
Jan. 31 . . 
Dec. 18 . 
July 20. . 
July 20. . 
July 8... 
Nov. 8. . 
Nov. 8 . . 
Nov. 8. . 
Dec. 17 . 
Dec. 18 . 
Jan. 14. . 
Feb. 8. . 
May 22.. 
May 21.. 
Jan. 8. . . 
Dec. 25 . 
Jan. 22 . . 
Dec. 30 . 
May 5... 

June 16 
Sept. 16. 
Sept. 16. 
Oct. 6.. . 
Oct. 6... 
Sept. 13. 
Dec. I . . 
Dec. 31.. 
Dec. 6. . . 
Dec. 6. . . 
Oct. 13. . 
Nov. 13. 
Jan. 6. . . 
Aug. 1 1 . 
April 12 
June 19.. 
Feb. 2.. . 
Mar. 10. 

pt 1 40 . 
pt 1 40. 
pt 1 40. . 
pt 1 40. . 
pt 1 40. . 
w pt 1 48 
s-e pt 1 29 . 
n-\v pt 1 31 
s-w pt 1 3 1 . 
w pt 1 32 
pt 1 32.. 
pt 1 32. . 
pt 1 32 . . 
pt 152.. 
w pt 1 36 
w pt 1 38 
ptl38. ... 
s-e pt 1 38. 
ptl 44. ... 
s-\v pt 1 75 
s-\v pt 1 38. 
s-w pt 1 62 
pt 1 29. . 

ptl 56.. 
pt 1 44. . 
pt 130.. 

e pt 1 30 
s e pt 1 3 1 . 
s e pt 1 62. 
n w pt 1 29 
n e pt 1 55 
n e pt 1 43 
n e pt 1 44 
s e pt 1 44 
w pt 1 44. 
pt 1 36. . . . 
n w pt 1 61 
pt 1 36. . 
pt 1 57- 
pt 1 37- 
pt 1 37- 
pt 1 53- 





























1 84 1, Mar. 10.. 
1 84 1, Oct. 23.. 
1 841, Nov. I . . 
1837. Jan. 5...' 




Albert Sliippy 

Edward (loddard 

Henry Dye 

Wheeler Drake 

spt I 53... 

pt 1 53---- 

pt 1 61 

w pt 1 47 . . 







Ephraim Hall 

Ahaz Allen 

Peter Pratt 

Amiah Rogers 

Geori^e Hicks 

Nathan Hicks 

Jessee F"rye 

Enoch N. Frye 

Simeon Bishop, jr . . . . 

David Bowen 

Zina Fenton 

Moses M. Frye 

Jeremiah Richardson. 
Elijah Richardson. . . 
Chandler C. Foster. . 

Day Knii^ht 

John Battles 

Simeon Holton 

Alanson Richardson. 

Price F. Kellogi,^ 

Nathaniel Knight ... 

Simeon Holton 

Elijah Richardson.. . 

Stephen Kni^^ht 

Jeremiah Richardson 

James Field 

Joshua Steele 

Enoch X. I'Vye 

Elias Van Camp 

Elijah Richardson . . . . 

J essee Frye 

Giles H. Newton 

Jeremiah Richardson 
James Tyrer 

8 10 




May 2 . 
Dec. 3 . 
Oct. 8.. 
Jan. 19. 
Feb. I T 
1-^eb. 1 1 
July II. 
Oct. 31 . 
Sept. I . 
July 1 1. 
Dec. 24. 
Dec. 13 
Nov. 28 
Nov. 28 
Aug. 27 
Aug. 13 
Oct. 26. 
Mar. 10 
June 1 1 
April 17 
Aug. 14 
Dec. I 5 

July 15- 
Sept. 20 
Jan. 10. 
Sept. 7. 
Aug. 19 
Feb. 21. 
Oct. 25. 
Dec. 24 
July 28. 
April 15 
May 2.. 
Sept. 2 . 


1 56 
1 58 
1 46 
e pt 
I 47 


^\' pt I 49 
pt 1 49 . . . 

1 59 

1 60 

pt 1 49 . . 
w pt 1 61 
s-e pt 1 9 1 
e pt 1 91 
pt 1 81 . 
n pt 1 8 1 
n pt 1 82 
pt 1 8 1 . 
s pt 1 81 
n pt 1 72 
pt 1 
pt 1 

pt 1 
pt 1 
pt 1 
pt 1 
pt ■ 

81 . 
I 90 



w pt 1 73 
n-e pt 1 9 
pt 1 62. 
w pt 1 89 
w pt 1 91 
pt 1 89. 
































Lyman Steele 

John Van Pelt. . . . 
Luther Thompson . 
Robert Trumball . . 
Stephen Kniijht .. . 

Amos Stanbro 

Jeremiah Richardson 

Charles Printjle 

Thomas Davis , 

*James S. Frye 

EHzor Stocking 

Tristram Dodge 

Austin Pratt . .^ 

Stephen Williams. . . 

John A. Williams . . . . 
Heman W. Williams. . 
Stephen Churchill . . . . 

Mason Hicks 

Simeon Holton 

Alanson P. Morton . . . 

Matthias Heath 

Milo M. Baker 

David German 

Isaac Nichols 

Isaac Nichols 

James Wheeler 

Stephen Ingersoll . . . . 
Joseph Hammond, jr. . 
George W. Richardson 

*Eleanor Curtis 

James Wheeler 

David Witherel 

Hosea P. Ostrander. . . 
William Smith 

Asahel Nye 

Ephraim Hall 

John Williams 

Otis Buttervvorth 

Jedediah Cleaveland.. 









Si I 


Oct. 27. 
Sept. 3. 
Aug. 31 
Aug. 17 
Nov. 2. 

P'eb. 20 
July 8.. 
Dec. 7 . 
July 17. 
July 10. 
Feb. 28. 
Jan. 19 . 


May 3.. 
May 30. 
Jan. 15. 
June 5. 
Aug. 12 
Feb. 7 . 
Dec. 29 
June 25 
Dec. 31. 
Dec. 29. 
Dec. 24. 
Dec. 29. 
June 2 . 
Aug. 31 
April 23 
June 29 
Dec. 29. 
Oct. II. 
Jan. 15. 
June 27 

April 9. 
May 2.. 
Nov. 26 
May 30. 
Aug. 7. 


Acres 1 Price 

pt 1 
pt 1 
w pt 

1 90. 
1 87. 
1 72. 
1 82. 

79 & 

e pt 1 80 

pt 1 80 . . . 
n pt 1 7 1 . . 
w pt 1 80. 
pt 1 73... 
n-w pt 1 49 
pt 1 49 ... . 



1 56 & e pt 


1 56 

w pt 1 6 1 . . 
n-e pt 1 72. 
pt 1 48 . . . . 
n-w pt 1 72 
n pt 1 8 1 . . 

pt 1 81 

pt 1 81 .. .. 
s pt 1 8 1 . . 
pt 1 91.... 
n-w pt 1 90 
pt 1 91.... 
n pt 1 90. . 
pt 1 72 . . . . 
n-e pt 1 91 . 
e pt 1 90 . . 
pt 1 90. ... 
n-w pt 1 82 
pt 1 81.. .. 

e pt 1 53 
s pt 1 66 
w pt 1 67 
w pt 1 67. 
s pt ] 68 . 
n pt 1 68 . 
e pt 1 86. 



1 00 400 
1 00 400 






75 I 431 
130 I 715 

95 I 433 

30 172 
100 615 






60 240 









TOWNSHIP SLX. RANGt SEVEyi—Cou/i/irtec/. 







Stillman Andrews. . . . 

1828, Aug. 21 . 

n pt 1 66 . . . 



loel Chaffee 

1828, Nov. 26. 

s pt 1 77 .. . 
Ptl 77 



Veter Bost 

1831, July I... 


Alanson Loveless .... 

1832, Jan. 9. .. 

e pt 1 67 . . . 



Ebenezer Dibble 

1832, Jan. II.. 

pt 1 77 



Almar White 

1833, Sept. 7.. 

pt 1 77 



John Van Pelt 

1836, Sept. 3.. 

pt 1 87 



John Van Pelt 

1836, July 25.. 

n pt 1 78 & 

s pt 1 87.. 



Kichard Dowd 

1836, Aug. 5.. 

pt 1 87 



Nancv Harkness 

1837, Feb. 27.. 

pt 186 



Charles Watson 

1837, March 15 

pt 1 78 



John Williams 

1837, Sept. 21. 

s pt 1 69 . . . 



Edward Blodgett 

1841, Oct. 14.. 

n pt 1 69 . . . 


Lansing Tooker 

1841, Sept. 15 . 

w pt 1 86 . . . 




James Brown 

John Clemens 

George Killom 

John Stewart 

Amaziah Ashman . . . . 

Solomon Field 

Thomas M. Barrett.. . 
Sylvenus S. Kingsley. 

Ebenezer F. Pike 

Jessee Putnam, jr 

Samuel Abbott 

John H. Cuming 

Benjamin C. Pratt. . . . 
Joseph Yaw 

1 8 1 o, 
1 8 10, 
1 8 10, 
1 8 10. 

Oct. 16 
Oct. 16 
Sept. 3c 
Oct. 24 
Oct. 24 
Sept. 8 
Jan. 1 1 
Jan. 18 
June 7 
Jan. 10 
June 7 
Sept. 7 
April 23 
Jan. 18 

1 8 10, Aug. 2 
1 8 10, Mar. 5 
18 10, Nov. 29 

Obadiah Brown .... 
■"Thomas M. Barrett 
Comfort Knapp. . . . 

Joseph Hanchett i 181 1, Feb 20 

James Pike 18 10, June 7 

Thomas McGec. . . . 

Smith Russell 

Lyman Drake 

1 8 10, April 23 

1 8 10, May 5. 

181 1, May 27. 

w pt 1 20. . . 


e 1/ 1 201 . < 


n y, 1 24 . . . 


e pt 1 4. ... 


w pt 1 4. . . . 


1 3 


n-e pt 1 40.. 


1 31 


1 22 


w 14 1 23... 


1 39 


n ><138... 


e pt I 21..-. 


1 19 & n pt 

1 18 


e>^ 1 28 . . 


s-e pt 1 40 . . 

. 50 

n-e pt 1 48. . 


w >^ 1 21 .. 


1 30 

330 ; 

1 II 

343 . 

w pt 1 I 2 . . . 


n pt 1 16. . . 

1 100 


1 107 












Richard Stevens i8ii. Au 

Timothy Stevens. 
Samuel Cooper . . 
Samuel Cooper . . 
Hall & Metcalf. . 
Israel Clark 

James Brisbane \ 

Reuben Metcalf \ 

James Willson ! 

Channing Trevett . . . . ; 

Arad Knapp ; 

Ezekiel Cook ' 

Nehemiah Paine | 

Andrew Clemens | 

David Cunningham ... 

Isaac Drake 

Wheeler Drake 

Amos Thompson 

Jacob Thompson 

Amos Thompson , 

David Stanard j 

David Stanard i 

Joel Gillet.. . ." 

Jireh Phinney 

Andrew McKlen 

Jane Thompson 

William Dye 

John McKlen 

Joseph Potter 

Justus Hinman 

John Horton 

Benjamin Fay 

Ebenezer Ferrin 

Daniel Persons 

Emery Sampson 

John S. Newell 

Jonathan Townsend.. 

Ezekiel Cook 

James Pike 

Charles C. Reynolds. . 





181 1, 

& I 



18 1 2, 















1 8 16, 





182 1. 





1 8 16, 







Aug. 5 . . 
Dec. 12.. 
Dec. 12.. 
April 19. 
Feb 27 
March 6. . 

July 7... 
Dec. II.. 
Feb. 7. . . 
June 13. 
March 6. 
April 6. . 
April 6. . 
July 10. . 
May 29.. 
Oct. 26.. 
June 12. 
Dec. 6. . . 
Dec. 6. . . 
Dec. 6.. . 
Sept. 8. . 
Sept. 8. . 
Dec. s- • • 
Mar. I... 
July 16.. 
Jan. 18.. 
April 17. 
Sept. 5 . . 
July 28. . 
July 28. . 
Oct. 18. . 
July II.. 
Nov. 28. 
April 19. 
July 20. . 
Aug. 7 . . 
Dec. 31.. 
Jan. 22. . 
Mar. 7 . . 
Sept. 30. 

Acres. 1 Price 

n pt 1 I & 
pt 1 2 . . . 

pt 1 2 

n-e pt 1 12. 
s-e pt 1 12 . 
n pt 1 29. . 
s-e pt 1 48 & 
w pt 1 40 
w pt 1 27. . 
s pt i 29. . 
s pt 1 32 . . 
pt 1 18... 
n ])t 1 47 . . 
s pt 1 i^.. 
e pt 1 41 . . 
pt 1 28 . . . 
s pt 1 7 . . . 
pt 1 7 . . . . 
w pt 1 16. 
p 1 10.... 

pi 10 

w p 1 10. . 
s p 1 16... 

pi 7 

n p 1 7 . . . 
n p 1 6. . . 
spt 1 13 
pi 13... 
s p 1 8 . . 
p 1 I . . . , 
pi 15.. 
n p 1 I 5 . 
n-w pt 1 48 
s pt 1 26 
s pt 1 1 8 
e i)t 1 44 
pt 1 35- 
pt 1 33- 
n pt 1 17 
s pt 1 25 
s-w pt 1 24 
n pt 1 33.. 
















FROM THE Holland co.\rpANY. 




Emery Sampson 

William Hcrrick 

Lewis Trevett 

Rebecca Lush 

Masury Giles 

Zebedee Simons 

Daniel Ingalls 

Daniel Putnam 

Jonathan Townsend . . 

James Coh'ille 

Robert Curran 

Samuel Fosdick 

Francis Koiser & Jean 


Elias M. Chapel 

Charles Mosier 

David Heath 

Rufus Thurbur 

Irena Drake 

Jehiel Mitchel 

Jasper Thompson. . . . 

Oliver Needham 

^Lemuel Twitchell. . . 

Samuel Lake 

George A. Stewart . . . 

Obadiah Russell 

Hosea L. Potter 

Barzillai Briggs 

Amos Stanbro 

*Reuben C. Drake . . . 

Fllam Booth 

John Brooks 

Hosea E. Potter 

Ebenezer Drake 

Zebedee Simons 

James Coh iile 

Truman V^anderlip .... 

Michael Haas, jr 

Stephen Churchill. . . . 

Phineas Scott 

Pliny Wheeler 

Laban A. Needham . . . 







Oct. 16.. 
Sept. 19. 
Jan. 12. . 
P'eb. 21.. 
Nov. 17. 
Nov. 17. 
Sept. 8 . . 
Sept. 8. . 
Dec. 7.. . 
Dec. 19.. 
Jan. 21 . . 
Jan. 21 . . 

Oct. 16.. 
Oct. 27. . 
July 16. . 
Nov. 2. . 
April 8. . 
July II.. 
Oct. 31.. 
Dec. 25.. 
Nov. 5 . . 
Jan. 20. . 
April 27. 
Oct. 3... 
Feb. 25.. 
Oct. 14.. 
Nov. 19. 
Feb. 8... 
Nov. 22 . 
Nov. 22 . 
Nov. 27. 
April 12. 
Aug. 20. 
Dec. 21.. 
Mar. 9. . 
Oct. 10. . 
Mar. 21 . 
Dec. 13.. 
Dec. 14.. 
Nov. 7. . 
Oct. 28. . 


e pt 1 36. 
w pt 1 28 

-S-W pt 1 2 

c pt 1 27. 

s pt 1 34. 

pt 1 34 • • 
pt I 38 
n-w pt 1 

n-e pt 1 24 

pt 1 24. 



n pt 1 32 . 
w pt 1 36, 
w pt 1 41. 
pt 1 42 . . 
pt 1 8 . . . 
n-w pt 1 8 
n pt 1 9 . . 
pt 16... 
pt 1 6. .. 
pt 1 15.. 
s pt 1 I . . 
n pt 1 2 . . 
n pt 1 1 3 . 
n pt 1 14. 
s-w pt 1 I 5 
spt 1 5.." 
pt 1 5 . . . 
pt 1 5 . . . 
n pt 1 5 . . 
pt 1 14.. 
n-e pt 1 8 
pt 1 42 . . 
w pt 1 44. 
n pt 1 45 . 
pt 1 47 . . 
.s-w pt 1 48 
pt 1 44. . 
n-e pt 1 25 
s pt 1 6. 




























2 I 2 


22 1 
2 12 







Land. IAcres. Price 

John Hcaland i 1841, Nov. i . . 

Isaac Woodward i 1841, Nov. I . . 

Thoma.s Pound | 1842, July 1 . . 

Harvey Twichell. . . . j 1841, Nov. i . . 

Mary Bement I 1841, Nov. i . . 

Phineas Peabody 1841, Sept. 10.' pt 

Zacheus Preston 1838, Dec. 26. .| pt 

e pt 1 43 . . . 
pt 1 44 . . . 
pt 1 38.... 
s-w pt 1 14. 
s-e pt 1 14. . 

34 ... . 


Isaiah Pike 1836, Oct. 6. . . s-e pt 1 2^. 








The following copy of a land article taken by Samuel Cooper, 
father of Varnum Cooper, a resident of Concord, will show 
something of 'the manner of dealing in and transferring real 
e.state during the first j^ears that settlements were made : 

"ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, indented, made, con- 
cluded and fully agreed upon, this 12th day of December, in 
the }'ear of our LORD one thousand eight hundred and eleven, 
between WlLIlEL.M WiLLiNK and Jax Willlnk, VVilhel.m 
WiLLINK the younger and J.VN VVlLLIXK the younger, all of 
the City of Amsterdam, in the Republic of Batavia, b}- Jo.SEl'H 
Ellicott, their attorney, of \.\\c first part and SAMUEL Cooi'ER, 
of the County of Niagara and State of New York, of the second 
part. Whereas the said party of the second part is justly 
indebted to the said parties of the first part in the sum of two 
hundred and sixty-nine dollars and fift)- cents, New York 
currency, to be paid to said jiarties of the first part, their 
executors, administrators or assigns, in manner following, that 
is to say, the sum of twelve dollars and fifty cents immediatel)- 
upon the execution of these presents, and the remaining two 
hundred and fifty-seven dollars in six eciual \-earh' instalments 
with the interest from the date hereof, to be [)aid \early and 
every year (together with the said instalments) upon such part 
of the said last-mentioned sum as shall, at the time of such 
respective payments be due and uni)aid. The first of said 
instalments and annual pa}'ments of interest to commence on 
the 12th da}' of December, in the \ear of our LokD one thou- 
sand eight hundred and fourteen. 

ARriCt.KS 01-' ACREf^NtKXT. 169 

" Now, rili;KKl'( )Ri;, in consideration thereof, the said parties 
of the first part, for themselves, tlieir heirs, executors and 
administrators, do b)' these presents covenant, promise and 
a^i^ree. to and with the said party of the second part, his heirs, 
executors. athninistrat(M-s or assigns, and e\'er)' of them, that 
if the said part}' of the second part, his heirs, executors, 
athninistrators or assigns, or any of them, shall and do, well 
and truK- {)a}- or cause to be paid unto the said parties of the 
first part, their executors, administrators or assigns, the afore- 
said several sums of money, at the times hereinbefore men- 
tioned for payment thereof, according to the tenor and effect 
of the covenant and agreement hereinafter contained, on the 
part of the said party of the second part, that then and in such 
case, the said parties of the first part, their heirs and assigns, 
shall and will well and sufficiently grant, bargain, sell, release, 
convey, confirm and asssure to the said party of the second 
part, and to his heirs and assigns forever, or to whom he or 
the\' shall appoint or direct — 

"Arxthat certain tract of land, situate, lying and being in the 
County of Niagara, in the State of New York, being part or 
parcel of a certain township, which on a map or surve}' of 
divers tracts or townships of land of the said parties of the 
first part, made for the proprietors by JoSEl'H ElJJt'O'iT, sur- 
veyor, is distinguished b}' township No. 7 in the se\-enth range 
of said townships. And which said tract of land on a certain 
other map or surve)' of said township into lots made for the 
proprietors by the said Joseph PVlliCOTT, is distinguished b\- 
the north-east part of lot No. 12 according to the following 
plan, containing se\enty-se\'en acres, be the same more or less. 

•• PRoxiDEl) AI. WANS, that if default shall be made in the per- 
formance of the coxeiiant ne.xt hereinafter contained, on the part 
of the said party of the second part, for the punctual payment 
ot the said instalments and annual pa}'ments of interest in 
manner hereinafter mentioned, then the said covenant next 
hereinbefore contained on the part of the said parties of the 
first part shall become void and of no effect. And the said 
party of the second part, for himself, his heirs, executors 
and administrators, doth covenant, promise and agree, to and 
with the said parties of the first part, their heirs, executors. 


administrators and assigns, that he will well and truly pay to 
the said parties of the first part, their executors, administrators 
and assigns the said remaining sum of two hundred and fifty- 
seven dollars, in six equal yearly instalments, together with the 
lawful interest to grow due thereon from the date hereof, 
yearly and every year, in manner hereinbefore mentioned, the 
first of the said instalments and annual payments of interest to 
commence on the I2th day of December, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourteen. And the 
said parties of the first part, for themselves, their heirs, execu- 
tors and administrators, do hereby further declare and agree, 
that if the said party of the second part shall on or before the 
1 2th day of December next erect or cause to be erected, on the 
tract of land and premises hereinbefore described, or some part 
thereof, a messuage fit for the habitation of man, not less than 
eighteen feet square, and shall live and reside or cause a family 
to live and reside therein during the term of three years from 
thence next ensuing, and shall, on or before the 12th day of 
December next, clear and fence or cause to be cleared and 
fenced, not less than five acres of the said tract of land to the 
satisfaction of the said parties of the first part, that then and 
in such case they the said parties of the first part, shall and will 
relinquish and release to the said party of the second part, all 
the interest which shall have accrued upon such principal sums 
of money for the period of two years. 

"■ In testimony whereof, the parties to these presents have 
hereunto interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and 
year first above written. 

Signed, sealed and delivered J 
in the presence of 

David Goodwin. ) 


Jan Willink, [l. s.] 

WiLHELM Willink. the Younger, | L. s. ] 

Jan Willink. the Younger, [l. s.] 

By their Attorney. 

Joseph Ellicott, [l. s. | 
Samuel Cooper, [l. s.]" 


riic followiiii^' is the iiuloi'scmcnt and the assii^nments that 
ai)pear on the back of tlie article : 

" Receivetl. December I2th, i.Sii, of Samuel Coo[)er, twelve 
dollars and fift\' cents, bein;^ the first paj'ment within men- 
tioned. I^'or Joseph PLllicott, 

$12.50. David Goodwin. 

" F"or value received, I sign over all my right and title to the 
within article of agreement, with all the rights and privileges 
thereunto belonging to Nicholas Armstead. 

Samuel Cooper. 

" For value received, I sign over all my right and title to the 
within article of agreement, ^\'ith all the rights and privileges 
thereto belonging, to Samuel Cooper. 

Concord, May 9th, 18 16. NICHOLAS Armstead. 

" For \alue received, I sign over all my right and title to the 
within article of agreement, with all the rights and pri\-ileges 
thereunto belonging, to Stephen Russell. 

Aug. 21st, 1816. Samuel Cooper. 

" For value received, I ' sine' over all my ' wright' and title 
to within article of agreement, with all the rights ' privalege' 
' thereonto' belonging, to Sylvester Russell. 

Januar>- 14th, 1 82 I. STEPHEN RuSSELL. 

" For value received, I ' sine' over all my 'wright' and title to 
within article of agreement, with all the ' wrights' and ' pri\a- 
leges' thereunto belonging, to Tracy J. Russell. 

March 17. 1833. Sylvester Russell. 

" This may certify, that we assign all of the land on the west 
side of the road, it being the west part of the northeast part of lot 
12, R 7, T. 7, said land to be fifteen or twenty acres, to Pliin- 
eas Scott, his heirs and assigns forever, for a valuable consider- 
ation in hand paid, and give the said Scott peaceable possession 
of the same, this 13th da}' of October, 1842. 

Tracy J. Russell, 
Sylvester Russell. 
April the 28th, 1843. 

" For value received, I assign this article and all "mi" 'wright' 
and title to the w ithin contract, 

Sylvester Russell." 




" THIS INDENTURE, made this Fifth day of March in the 
year of our Lord one thousand ei^^lit hundred and ten, bctz^een 
Wilhem WiUink, Pieter Van Eeghen, Hendrick Vollenhoven, 
Rutger Jan Schimmelpcnnick, Wilhem WilHnk the younger, 
Jan Willink, the younger, son of Jan, Jan Gabriel Van Stapf- 
horst, Cornelis Vollenhoven and Hendrik Seye, all of the City of 
Amsterdam, in the Republic of Batavia, hy Joseph Ellicott, their 
attorney, of the first Part, and Thomas M. Barrett of the County 
of Niagara and State of New York of the second Part: — WIT- 
NESSETH, that the said parties of the first part, for and in con- 
sideration of the sum of NINETY Dollars, to them in hand 
by the said party hereto of the second part, the receipt whereo- 
is hereby acknowledged, and themselves to be therewith fully 
satisfied, contented and paid, Have granted, bargained, sold, 
aliened, released, enfeoffed, conveyed, confirmed and assured, 
and by these presents Do grant, bargain, sell, alien, release, 
enfeofT, convey, confirm and assure unto the said party of the 
second part, and to his heirs and assigns forever, ALL that cer- 
tain tract of land, situated, lying and being in the County of 
Niagara in the State of New York, being part or parcel of a 
certain Township, which on a map, or survey of divers tracts or 
Townships of land of the said parties of the first part, made by 
the Proprietors by Joseph Ellicott, surveyor, is distinguished by 
Township number seven, in the seventh range of said Town- 
ships, and which said tract of land on a certain other map or 
survey of said Township into lots, made for the said Proprie- 
tors, by the said Joseph Ellicott, is distinguished by the south- 
east part of lot number fort)' in the said Township. 

" Bounded east by K)t number thirt\'-two, t\\ ent\'-seven chains, 
sixty-seven links; south by lot number thirt)'-nine, eighteen 
chains seven links ; west by a line parallel with the west bounds 
of said lot number 32, twenty-seven chains, sixt}'-seven links ; and 
north by a line parallel with the north bounds o{ said lot num- 
ber thirty-nine, eighteen chains seven links, containing fifty 
acres, be the same more or less, according to the plan laid down 
in the margin hereof: TOGETHER with all and singular the 

signaturp:s of tiif. iwrtiks, ktc. 173 

Appurtenances, Privileges, Advantages and Hereditaments 
whatsoever, unto the above mentioned and described i)remises 
in any wise appertaining or belonging, And the Rex'crsion and 
reversions. Remainder and remaindjrs. Rents. Issues and Profits 
thereof, and also all tli;: estate. Right, Title, Interest. Proi)ert\'. 
Claim and Demand whatsoever, as well in law as in ecjuit)', of 
the said Parties of the first Part, of. in, or to the same, and ever\- 
Part and Parcel thereof, with the Appurtenances; TO HAVK AND 
ro noi,D the above granted, bargained and described premises, 
with the Appurtenances, unto the said party (^f the second 
part, his heirs and assigns, to his and their only proper Use, 
Benefit and Behoof forexer. A\l) the said parties of the first 
i'art, for themsehes, and their and each of their respectixc 
Heirs, Executors and Administrators, do hereb}- covenant, 
promise and agree to and with the said part}' of the second 
part, his Heirs and Assigns, that the}-, the said parties of the 
first part, the above described, and hereb}' granted and bar- 
gained premises and every j^art thereof, with the Appurte- 
nances, unto the part}' of the second part, his Heirs and Assigns, 
against the said parties of the first Part, and their Heirs, and 
against all other persons whatsoever lawfully claiming, or to 
claim the same, or any part thereof, shall and will warrant, and 
b}' these presents forexer Dl'.KKND. 

" Ix Witness whereof, tlic parties to these presents have here- 
unto interehaiigeably set their Hands anel Seals the Day and 
Year first above written. 
Scaled and delivered in j 

the presence of | 

James W. Stevens. | 

William Peacock. | 

Wilhelm Willink, | L. s. | Jan Gabriel V'an Staphorst, [l.S] 

Peter Van Eehhen, | L. s. ] Cornelis Vollenhoven, [i,. s.] 

Hendrik Vollenhoven, j L. s. | Hendrik Seye, [ L. S. | 
Rutger Jan Schimmelpennick, | r.. s. | B}' their Attorney, 
Wilhem Willink, the Younger, | i.. s. ) Jose):)h P^Uicott. | l,.s.| 
Jan Willink, the Younger, Son of Jan. | [,. s.] 

The first road laid out in town was the Genesee or Cattaraugus 
road. It was laid out by the Holland Land Company. It 


commences at the east side of the Holland Purchase and 
extends westward through Wyoming county and Sardinia, 
Concord and North Collins to near Lawton station. The east 
part of the road in Wyoming count)' and a portion in Sardinia 
was cut out by men employed by the Holland Compan\'. The 
rest of the way the work was done by the settlers and inhabi- 
tants. A portion of the way the lots are bounded by the out- 
side limits of the road. The intervening space being a gift 
from the company for the purpose of a road. 

In i8io, a road from Buffalo to Olean Point was laid out; 
passing through Hamburg, Boston, up the valley of the Eigh- 
teen-mile creek, through what was formerly called the Sible}' set- 
tlement, past the farm of H. M. Blackmer to East Concord ; 
thence to Richmond's, on the Cattaraugus creek ; from there 
through Yorkshire and Machias and on to Olean. The commis. 
sioners appointed to locate the road were David Eddy of East 
Hamburg, Timothy Hopkins, of Williamsvilleand Peter Vande- 
venter, of Newstead. The expense of opening this highway 
was borne in equal parts by the State and the County of 
Niagara. In earh' times it was called the State Road. The 
travel from Springville to Boston at first went up Franklin 
street, past where John A. Wilson lives and over Townsend 

The first laid-out road from Springville to Boston passed 
over Townsend hill. It was the same road now traveled. It 
was a mail route, a four-horse Troy coach being driven o\'er it 
daily at one time. 

In early times the principal travel east and west through this 
section passed over the road leading from Arcade westward 
along the course of the Cattaraugus creek through Springx'ille 
and Zoar to Gowanda. It was a mail and stage route and a 
post ofifice was located at Zoar. 

It was as much as fifteen or twent)- years after the first set- 
tlement of Concord before the road from Springville to Mor- 
ton's corners was cut-out ; previous to this the jieople of Mor- 
ton's corners and \icinit}' reached Springville b}' w a}' of l\")wns- 
end hill. 

About 1830 the road commencing as lot 52 and ending on 
l(^t 6, passing along the main branch of the Eighteen-mile creek. 


in Concord, was laid out. Vov nian\' \-(jars the principal traxel 
from Sprini(\'illc to Buffalo pas.scd over thi.s road. 

About 1852 a plank-road was constructed from Sprin^ville to 
Hamburg. It was built in the public highway and extended 
along the valley of the Eighteen-mile creek through Concord 
and Boston. It was kept in repair ten or twelve years when it 
ceased to be a toll-road. It connected at Hamburg with a 
plank-road leading into Buffalo. 

S1'RIN(;\I1.I.K \- SARDINIA R. R. 
This railroad compan)' was organized May 6th, 1878. The 
capital stock was fift)' thousand dollars. Amount of stock sub- 
scribed was thirty thousand two hundred dollars, 

The length of road from Springville, N. Y., to Sardinia 
Junction, N. V., was eleven and -^^^j^ miles ; weight of rail per 
yard, twenty-five pounds , gauge of track, three feet. 

The cost of the road and ec}uipment was sixty-one thousand 
eight hundred and thirteen dollars and ninety-fi\'e cents. This 
road makes connection w ith the Buffalo, New York & Phila- 
delphia R. R. at Sardinia Junction. Two passenger trains are 
run daily, and, as appears from the State Engineer's report on 
railroads for the year 1880, which is the latest report published, 
that the capital stock subscribed was $30,400 ; and that the 
amount paid in was $30,087.24; and the funded debt was 
$25,000, and the unfunded debt was $6,73035, and the names 
and directors of the corporation were C. J. Shuttleworth', Spring- 
ville, Bertrand Chafer, Springville, Alonzo L. Vaughn, Spring- 
ville, James Hopkins, Sardinia, Charles Long, Sardinia, New- 
ell Hosmer, Sardinia and Franklin B. Locke, Buffalo. 

The officers were Bertrand Chafer, President, James Hopkins, 
Vice-President, L. M. Cummings, Secretary, Charles J. Shuttle- 
worth, Treasurer. 

The construction of the Buffalo branch of the Rochester & 
Pittsburgh R. R., has given a great impetus to the prosperity 
of Concord, more especially to Springville. After a prelimi- 
nary survey of routes the company adopted Jan. 7, 1882, the 
route now in use. The route was surveyed by C. E. Botsford, 
of Springville. 



Work was commenced at West Valley, Cattaraugus Count}-, 
in June. 1882 The first locomotive over the road entered 
Springville May i8th, and track-laying was completed June 9th. 
at the bridge across Cattaraugus creek, over which the first 
locomotive passed on that day. This bridge or viaduct is an 
imposing structure. It is 150 feet in height, 575 feet in length, 
2,777 tons of stone, 280 tons of iron and 90 tons of wood were 
used in its construction, making a total of 3,147 tons. The 
total was $90,000. 

The names of one or more of the first settlers, on each of the 
several lots in Concord. 

Lot I John Russel. 

2 Samuel Cochran. 

3 Christopher Stone. 

4 Asa Cary. 
" 5 Noah Culver. 

7 Charles Chaffee. 

8 Isaac Knox. 

9 Benjamin Gardner. 
" 10 Benjamin Douglas. 
" II Julius & Elihu Bennett 
" M William Weed en. 

TOWNSHIP SIX, ran(;e six. 

Lot 14 Eaton Bensley. 
" 16 Francis White. 
" 17 Truman White. 
" 18 Moses White. 
" [9 George Shultus. 
" 20 Enoch Chase. 
" 21 William Shultus. 
" 22 David Shultus. 
" 23 Christopher Douglass. 
" 24 Abner Chase & Henry 

Lot 25 Almon Fuller. 





William Vaughan. 
Nathan King. 
Mr. Willard. 
Henry Gardinier. 
William Wright. 
John & Joseph Cotrell. 
Capt. Charles Wells. 
William Wright. 
Archibald Griffith. 
Dustin & Saw}"er. 
William Baker. 
George Killom. 
Robert G. Flint. 

Lot 40 Sala W.& Homer Barnes. 
" 41 Giles Churchill & Seele\- 

" 42 Luther Curtis & John 

" 43 Calvin Smith. 
" 44 Elam May. 
" 45 Plphram Needham 

William Chapin. 
" 46 Aaron Cole. 
" 47 Luther Landon &W1 

er Drake. 
" 48 Caleb Abbott. 





Lot 49 William Smith. 
" 50 Elijah Dunham, 
•' 51 IkMijamin C. Foster & 

Seneca Baker. 
" 52 Ebene/er l^Y-rrin. 
" 53 Albert Shipp)- M- Star\- 

'' 54 Kint^sle)- Martin. 
" 55 Orrin Siblew 
" 56 William Southworth & 
lames Miller. 

Lot 57 Gideon Parsons. 
" 58 Benjamin Wheeler. 
" 59 Benjamin Fay & J. Strat- 

" 60 Uzial Towiisend & F. A. 

" 61 Whitman Stone. 

" 62 William Field. 

" 63 J. Agard, B. Sibley .Sr A. 

" 64 Da\'id Cunningham. 

Lot I 


I I 







Richard Stevens. L 

Timothy Stevens. 
Solomon Field. 
Amaziah Ashman & Jona- 
than Townsend. 
Reuben Drake. 
Oliver Needham & Steph- 
en Needman. 
John Brooks Cs: I'Llam 
Booth . 

William D>e. 
Mr. Michel']. 
Amos Thompson. 
Thomas McGee. 
Smith Russell. 
Andrew McLen. 
Joseph Potter. 
L\'man Drake. 
Samuel W. Al<4"er. 
Channing Trevett. 
Samuel Cooper. 
James I^rown & John 

Joseph 1 lanchett. 


ot 22 Lsaiah Pike. 

'^ 2T) Jesse Putnam. 

" 24 George Killom. 

" 27 Samuel Eaton. 

"' 2'i Ichabed Brown. 

" 29 Reuben Metcalf. 

" 30 James Pike, Ezekiel Ad- 
ams & T. Heacock. 

" 31 John L^res. 

" 33 Sylvenus Cook. 

" 34 Zebedec Simons. 

"35 Samuel Sampson. 

" 36 Emer}' Sampson. 

'' T,"/ Truman Vandcrlip «.^' Ja- 
cob Rice. 

" 38 Daniel Putnam. 

•' 39 Samuel Abbott. 

'' 40 Thomas M. Barrett. 

" 41 Nehemiah Paine. 

" 42 David Heath. 

•' 43 John Healand. 

" 44 Daniel Persons. 

" 45 Henr\- Stearns & Zacheus 


Lot 46 Mr. Huff, William Hor- Knapp. 

ton & Daniel Horton. Lot 48 John Horton, Truman 
" 47 John Reecher & Arad Horton & C. Knapp. 


Lot 46 Peter Pratt. Lot /2 Luther Thompson. 

'* 47 George Hicks. " 73 Lewis Cox. 

" 48 Nathan Hicks. " j/ Simeon Holton, 

" 49 Jesse Frye & Enoch N. " 78 Chas. Watson. 

Frye. " 80 Stephen Knight. 

" 66 John Holdridge. " 81 Simeon Holton, Day, 

" 56-67 William Smith. Knight & C. C. Foster. 

" 57 Elijah Palmerter. " 82 John Battles. 

" 58 Austin Pratt. " 86 Abiel Gardner. 

" 68 John Williams. " 87 Dickey Doud. 

" 71 Thomas Richardson. " 90 Simeon Holton. 
Lot 91 Jeremiah Richardson. 



The first hotel in town, a small, double log house on Frank- 
lin street, near the opera house, was opened by David Stickney. 
in 1 8 10. There is a tradition that here the name of " taking a 
horn " first originated. The house was supplied with liciuor 
and a bar, but not a glass to meet the wants of the thirst}'. 
Stickney improvised one out of the horn of an ox, hence " tak- 
ing a horn" of whiskey, in those days, was literalh' true. 

Second Hotel — By John Albro, in a log house on the east 
side of Buffalo street, on the north confines of the corporation, 
just south of the forks on Sharp Street and Townsend Hill 
roads; opened about 181 1. 

Third Hotel — Amaziah Ashman, in a log house on Town- 
send hill; opened about 1812. 

Fourth Hotel — In a log house on Morton's Corners, by John 
Battles. He was a soldier of the Revolution and a pensioner. 
Opened in 1817. 

Fifth Hotel — Framed building on Franklin street, opposite 
the park. Built b}- David Stannard in 1817 or 1818 ; kept, first 


nil", ii()Tf:i,s ok si>ri.\(;vii,i.e. 179 

b\- Harry Scars, tlicn h)- a Mr. Wright, as^ain b\- Harr)- Scars, 
t(i be succeeded b\' Seth Allen, tlien b\- l)a\'i(l Hensle\' and 
James F. Crandall, and lastly by Mr. Bentley. 

Sixth Hotel — By Jonathan Townsend, on Townscnd hill ; first 
in a frame buildinL;', in 1S19, tlien in a brick building;-, in 1822. 

Seventh Hotel — Isaiah Pike commenced on the Pike home- 
stead in 1821, and kept for sixteen years. 

Flighth Hotel — 15\- Samuel Cociirane, on Main street, Sprin^;-- 
\'ille, in a frame building on the (Cochrane homestead, wliere 
V. K. Davis now is; opened in 1822. 

Ninth Hotel — The (Md Springville Hotel on Main street, 
where the Leland House now stands; built in 1824, by Rufus 
C. Eaton, and kept b}' him for a time ; he was succeeded b\' 
Jonson Bensley, Richard Wadsworth and others. 

At one time, Daniel Peck ran a hotel at Morton's Corners. 
I'or many }x'ars the Morton Brothers entertained the traveling 
public. In 1843, they erected a very creditable two-stor\- 
frame building, with a suitable hall, that is in a good state of 
preservation at the present. 

Another hotel was conducted on Townsend hill, first b\- a 
Mr. Currier, to be succeeded by Mr. Mitchel. 

Henry Ingalls conducted a hotel for a while in the north 
part of the town in the valle\'. 

The American Hotel was built b\- Phelps Hatch, in 1843 and 
'44. He conducted it for a few years, then leased it to James 
F. Crandall, then Smith and Beebe purchased the property and 
for man\- x'ears the\' were the landlords. Afterwards, the 
property was rented and run b\' Gaston D. Smith ; soon after 
the property j^assed into the hands of Theodore Smith; in 
i860, he sold to E. S. Pierce, who conducted the house until 
1863, when he sold to Clinton Hammond, who occupied it one 
\'ear and then sold it back to E. S. Pierce, who, in turn, after 
running it two \'ears, in 1866, sold it again to Hammond: 
Davis & lladlc)' ran it a short time. In 1874, A. E. Torre\' 
bought the j)ropert\' and for a time he remained the proprietor; 
then he associated himself with his brother, A. R. Torrey, \\ho 
after a time bought the propert\- and conducted it until the 
Spring of 1880. when he sold to the present jiroprietor, Peter 


Phineas Scott kept a liotcl on Townsend Hill for sex'eral 
years. Jedediah Starks and a Mr. Parker kept a hotel on the 
V^osburg place, a mile and a half east of Springville. Fox- 
hotel was first opened by Carl 'Ludeman, to be succeeded by L. 
Rrenckle. Fred P'ox bought the hotel, and after conducting it 
a few years he sold to Andrew Oyer, who sold after a time to 
his brother Augustus, who kept the house a while, and then 
sold to Clinton Hammond, who soon after sold to Fred Fox. 
This was in 1874; in 1883, Fox sold out to Theodore Trew, 
who now conducts the house. 

The Farmers' Hotel was first opened by George Kopp, then 
Phillip Herbold, then Louis Fiegel, then William Biegel, Phil- 
lip Newbeck, John Haut, Martin Bury, Michael Miller, Peter 
Nenno, Jr., Charles Miller, and, lastly, by Henry Saltzer. 

Delevan House — Fred Miller, Chester Priggs, Albert C. 
Michael, George. A. Richmond, Crawford & Green, Crawford 
& Norton, and, lastly, by Webster Norton. 


The Eaton mill was built about 18 13. It stood on the west 
bank of Spring brook, a short distance north of Franklin street. 

Channing Trevitt put up the frame for a saw mill at Wheeler 
Hollow in 18 1 3. He died that Fall and the mill was not com- 
pleted until a year or so after, by Capt. James Tyrer. 

The Bloomfield mill in Springville, was built in or about 1816. 

The Bensle}' mill at the mouth of Spring brook was built in 
1816 or 1817. 

The Phillips saw mill was commenced in 1 8 16 or 18 17 b)- 
Nicholas Armstead, who sold out to Asa Phillips, who com- 
pleted the mill in 1818. This mill was on the Smith brook just 
below the cross road at the John Martin farm. 

Robert Auger built a saw mill on Spring brook in the south 
part of the village of Springville in 1822. This mill stood near 
the tannery of Jay Borden. Auger had an oil mill also. 

Joseph McMillan built a saw mill in 1828 ; it stood on the race 
just back of Victor Collard's wagon shop on Mechanic street. 

Lemuel Twichell built a saw mill on the east branch of the 
Fighteen-mile creek, in the north part of the town, in or about 


l)anicl ami Isani Williams commcncctl the erection of a mill 
on the Smith brook, near its mouth in 1825 or US26. They 
were both taken sick soon after with tyi^hus fe\er and died. 
The mill was not finished until .some time after, but b\- whom 
the writer is ignorant. 

John and Masur\- Ciiles built a mill three-fourths of a mile 
south of Morton's corners, in 1824. 

W'm. Potter built a mill on the east branch of the I'"Jghteen- 
mile creek, at i'\)wler\ ille, in 1829. 

Homer Barnes built a mill at \\'ater\ille, on the BufTalo 
creek, about 1830. This mill stood on the same site of the 
Vance mill to-day. 

Henj. Crump built a mill that stood further down the stream 

A short distance above the Vance site, Paris A. Spray;ue 
built a mill. 

Treat Brothers built a mill on the same stream. This mill 
stood on the Treat farm. 

Still farther up the stream Lewis Wheelock built a mill on 
the Wheelock farm. 

Lewis janes built a mill on the PLiL^hteen-mile creek, on lot 16. 

Sellick Canfield built a mill on the P^ighteen-mile creek, on 
lot 6, in 1845. 

Theodore Potter built a mill on the same site, in 1857. Orrin 
Baker re-modeled this mill some time after and put in a steam 

Mr. Clark owns a steam-mill at P'owlerville. 

At quite an earh' day a saw-mill was erected at Woodsward 
Hollow. This mill or a mill that stood on the same site, was 
burned down two or three years ago. Philo Woodsward built 
a steam-mill there several years ago, which is in active opera- 
tion at the present time. 

Many years ago a water-mill was erected in Spooner Hol- 
low, b\' Simeon I lolton, on the Smith brook. This site was 
abandoned some years ago. 

A saw mill was built by Sellew &: Popple on the east branch 
of the Darby Brook. This mill is now owned by N. Bolander, 
Jr. & Bro. 

A mill was built at the mouth of this brook some time in 
1865 or 1866. The frame was put up by Daniel Pierce, and 


then passed into the hands of Jacob Rush. This mill is in 
good repair, having been rebuilt, and is owned b}' James O. 

Three or four }'ears ago a mill was erected b}' D. \\' . Bensley 
on the Smith brook above Spooner Hollow. 

Charles J. Shuttleworth built a mill on the Wells brook, sev- 
eral years ago. This mill is located half a mile south of the 
Liberty Pole corners, and is in acti\e operation at the pres- 
ent time. He also built a mill near his foundry and machine shop. 

Gaylord and Watkins in 865 erected a steam mill one-fourth 
of a mile east of Gaylord's Corners, ^\'hich is in actixx- operation 

About fifty )-ears ago a small mill was built on a little stream 
since known as the Dry Brook. This mill was built b}' the 
citizens of Townsend Hill for their own convenience, and stood 
on the southeast corner of the old Fay farm. 

Lewis Trevitt bought the frame of the old Phillips mill and 
moved it on to the little brook that runs just south of his place. 


First — Benjamin Gardner built a grist mill in Springville in 
1814. It was the first grist mill built in Concord, and was 
located about t^\•enty-f^ve rods south of Main street, on Spring 
brook and opposite the bend in Mill street. 

Second — Jonathan Townsend built the second grist mill in 
1 8 16, on the south part of lot eighteen, township seven, range 
seven, now known as Wheeler Hollow. 

Third — Rufus Eaton built the third grist mill in Springville, 
about 18 1 8. It stood on the race just back of the Leland 
House barn, on Mechanic street. 

Fourth — About 1832 Barnes & Wilson built a grist mill on 
lot thirty-nine. 

Fifth — About 1830 a grist mill, or corn mill, was built three- 
fourths of a mile south of Morton's Corners, by Simeon Holtoii. 

Sixth — In 1835 Manley Colton built the mill on Main street. 

Seventh — E. W. Cook built a mill on the site of the old 
(iardner mill. 

Eighth — W. G. Ransom changed the Cook woolen factory 
into a grist mill. It commenced business in February, 1877. 

r)IS'l'f[J-KRIES AND WOOLEN FA("^()K^■. 1S3 


J.'ii-st — Frederick Richmond built the fust distillery iiear 
where Franklin street crosses Sprin<;- brook. He made whisky 
out of potatoes as well as corn. It was burned down after a 
few x'ears. 

Second — Silas Rushniore built and run a distiller)- on the 
east side of SpriuLj- Hrook a short distance north of (ieorgx- 
C'randall's house. 

Third — AuL;ustus d. h'dliotl had a distiller}- on the .Shuttle- 
worth lot east of the railroad antl south of I'^'anklin street. 

Fourth — George Shultus had a distiller}- down near the Cat- 
taraugus creek. 

l^'ifth — Townsend & 'r}-rer had a distiller}- in Wheeler Hollow. 

Si.xth — There was a ilistiller}- on lot forty-nine, township 
seven, range six, on the farm now owned by Fred Clark. 

Seventh — John Van Pelt had a distillery back of A. F. Rust's 
grocer}' between Main street and the creek. 

Eighth — David Williams had a distillery on the Cattarau- 
gus, do\\-n towards Fr}-es. 


The first \\oolen factor}- comprising carding, spinning and 
cloth-dressing, was built b}- a company of towns' people, con- 
sisting of Maj. Samuel Bradley, Deacon John Russell, Silas 
Rushman and George Shultes. The date of the erection of 
this building can not be ascertained, but it was at an early day. 
Its location was on the west side of Buffalo .street, about equally 
distant from W. G. Ransome's flouring mill and the residence 
of Sanford Mayo. This building was quite large for the 
times, and w as two stories high. The lower story was divided 
into suites of roonis for residences, and the upper story was ar- 
ranged for factor}- purposes, the basement was used for color- 
ing and other purposes requiring heating apparatus. .\ con- 
siderable time elapsed before the building was finished and sup- 
plied with machinery, and during this interval the upper part 
was used for school, church and Sunday school purposes. The 
first Sunda}- scht)ol was organized by Deacon John Ru.ssell and 
Major Samuel Bradle}'. Religious meetings were also held 
here for some time and a common school was taught in this 


buiklin^-. Subsctiucntl}- the upper part of the buildini;- was 
furnishccl with machincr\- for manufacturing woolen cloth, 
wool carding was done near at hand with a full mill attached 
to water power. Machinery for spinning and weaving was pro- 
pelled b)' hand, this manufactory was operated for several 
years. David Seymour and a Mr. Silsbee were the bosses for 
a time and Isaac White — a brother of Francis White, now of 
Springville — was one of the spinners. Other buildings were 
erected, utilizing the water power now owned by G. W. Ran- 
som, and at a subsequent date the flourishing mill now owned 
by him, built and operated as a woolen factor)-, where all the 
machinery was run by water power, and at the present time 
wool carding is done by Mr. Harvey Spaulding in the basement 
of the Ransom mill. This propert}' comprising the factory 
buildings, water power, including the old grist mill, was pur- 
chased by Elbert W. Cook and owned and occupied b}' him 
for many years. 


Mr. Bascomb did the first tanning in Concord, on the Dodge 
place, about one and one-half miles east of Springville. 

Second — The first tannery in Springville was built by Jacob 
and Silas Rushmore in 1817, on the lot fronting on Main street, 
lying between Elk and Pearl streets, and known as the Mc- 
Aleese lot. Lexinus Cornwell owned and operated it afterwards. 

Third — The second tannery was built about 1823 or '24, by 
Hoveland & Towsley. It stood on the Shuttleworth lot, east 
of the mill race, and between Franklin and Main streets. After- 
wards Augustus (j. Elliott owned and operated this tannery; 
also Joseph D. Hoyt, and Hoyt & McEwen. 

Fourth — About 1830, Willard and Josiah Algar, built and 
afterward run a tajiner\- on Lot 18. T. 7. R. 7, in Wheeler 

i^^ifth — .About 1832, a tannery x\as built in the north part of 
the town at Fowlerville by Towsle\- and Tuttle. 

About 1836, Joseph McMillan and Wm. Watkins built a tan- 
ners- on the east side of .Spring brook, about thirt)- rods north 
of iM-anklin street. Mr. McMillen died in 1846, but Mr. Wat- 
kins carried on the leather and shoe business many years. 

TA X X I". K I l':S AX D ASH 1". R I KS — I , A W \' K RS . I S 5 

111 1861, rcrcL;i'inc Maton niotlclctl t)\'cr the woolen factoi-y that 
stootl down the creek near the corporation hne. into a tanner)'. 
After about a \'ear he sokl to Sampson & Wilcox. In 1866 .S. 
II. McKwen bought in, and remained ten months. Wilcox 
died, and Sampson & Sexerance ran the business some years. 
In 1873, Ja}' Borden bous^ht the tanner}-. It burned uj) in 
1877, and the present tannery was built. 


First — Samuel Lake built an asher\- on h'ranklin street on 
the north side and near the creek. 

Second — A. G. Fllliott built an asher\- north of I-~ranklin 
street and near where S. R. Smith's barn stands. 

Third — John Van Pelt had an ashery on Franklin street, 
south side of creek, about where Orvil Smith's barn stantls. 

I'oiu'th — Moses & Asa .Saunders had an asher\- on land now- 
overflowed by the north-west part of Shuttleworth's pond. 

h'ifth — Hallady & Shepherd run an ashery on the east side 
of the pond near Pearl street. 

.Sixth — At one time there was an ashery at Morton's Corners, 
near where the cheese factor)- stands. 


Earl)- Pettifogj^ers — Dax'id Stickney, " Jack" \'aw, Nehemiah 
Waters, Wales Emmons. 

First — The first attorney and counselor, Thomas T. Sherwood, 
came to this town about 1823 or '24, staid a short time and 
removed to Buffalo, and practiced there man\- )'ears, where he 

Second — rile second law)-er was Elisha Mack, who remained 
here twent)- years or more when he removx'd to Illinois, where 
he died. 

Third — Wells Brooks practiced here fifteen or twent)- years 
then removed to Buffalo. 

Fourth — C. C. Severance has practiced here over fifty years. 

I*"ifth — Morris Fosdick practiced here many years and died 
in Springville. 


Peter V. S. Wendover staid a short time and went back to 
Columbia county. 

Merrill & Treadwell staid a short time and went away. 

Wales Emmons went to Wisconsin and died there. 

Miner Strope went to Chatauqua count)'. 

Sydenham S. Clark died in Springville. 

Seth W. Godard died in Springville. 

Alonzo Tanner lives in Buffalo. 

A. W. Stanbro lives in Buffalo. 

Hosea Heath lives in Hamburg. 

L. Le Clear lives in Buffalo. 

Augustus Hanchett died in Michigan. 


Giles Churchill doctored some in early times. 

Dr. Rumsey was a young man and in a year or two died here. 

Drs. Woodward and Reynolds were young men and remained 
but a short time. 

Dr. Daniel Ingals remained several years and then went 
away and has since died 

Dr. Varne}' Ingalls practiced several years and died here. 

Dr. Carlos Emmons died in Spring\'ille alter a residence here 
of over fifty years. 

Dr. John Allen died recenth' on Long Island, at an advanced 

Dr. Alden S. Sprague removed to Buffalo and died there. 

Dr. H. H. Hubbard removed to Wisconsin and died there. 

Dr. Alexander Hubbard removed to Wisconsin and died 

Dr. D. V. Folts removed to Boston. Mass., anci lives there. 

Dr. Morrell, Dr. B. A. Battle and Dr. Simeon Pool, went away. 

Dr. E. C Pool died in Springville, after practicing sometime. 

Dr. Wm. Van Pelt resides at Williamsville, this county. 

Dr. John ("i. House removed to Independence, Iowa, and 
died there. 

Dr. Charles House died here; Dr. Daniel Nash died here. 

Dr. U. C. Lynde lives in Buffalo: Dr. W. Gillett died here. 

Dr. Lyman Packard lives in Michigan. 

Dr- George Abbott lives in Hamburg, 



])\\ W . S. I ones dic'il in California. 

Dr. Joseph Sibic)- died in Colden. 

Dr. Win. W'atkins lives in Orei^on. 

Dr. Wnison remained one year. 

Dr. Ru---. Dr. Crawford, Dr. Nichol, Dr. K-er)-, Dr. llib- 
bard. Dr. Manninn', Dr. .S])err\-, Dr. SoNerit^n and Dr. Brewer, 
went aua\'. 

Dr. Lane, Dr Habcock and Dr. Buckingham lived at Mor- 
tons Corners. 


About 1 814 David Stannard and Jerr\' Jenks came from Boston 
to Spriny;\ille (or "Fiddler's (ireen"), and commenced trading- on 
a small scale ; about the same time Frederick Richmond started 
in the same business on a still smaller scale. .Some authcjri- 
ties claim that Richmond started first, while others are quite 
as sanguine that ".Stannard & Jenks" were the pioneers. 
Their business was carried on in a log building east of the 
park, and afterwards they moved to a building that stood be- 
tween the Methodist and Baptist churches on Buffalo street. 

Rufus C. Faton was the next trader, he occupied a building 
back of the opera house, near the pond. 

In i<S2i, Samuel Lake built a small store on the corner o{ 
Main and Buffalo streets, where the American hotel now 
stands. This was the first store on Main street. Two or three 
\-ears after he built the store now occupied b}' R. W. Tanner 
and mox'ed into it. 

Varney Ingalls traded on Franklin street, whei'e the k'ree 
liaptist church stands at the present time. 

August G. FUiott, in 1826, commenced business in a store on 
the Peter Weismantel lot on l^ranklin street, near the race. 

In 1828, William Smith, Jr., built a small store on the corner 
of Main and Buffalo streets, where the First National bank 
now stands and traded a short time. 

Rufus C. Faton «^ Otis Butterworth formed a partnership 
and commenced trading in i830on Mechanic street, to be soon 
after followeil b\' Moses and Asa Sanders, Jolm \'an I'elt, 
Plin\- and Theodore Smith and Manly Colton. In 1S34, Henry 
Bigelow sold goods here. 


M. L. Hadi^el}' came to Spring\'ille in 1835 and was enij;ai;cd 
in the mercantile business many \'ears. These have been suc- 
ceeded by the foUowing" : 

EHsha Mack, S. & E. C. Pool, O. C. Morton, Badgely & God- 
dard, Rufus C. Eaton, Butterworth & Fox, Smith & Richmond, 
C. Osgood, McCall, Long, Spencer & Nash, Eaton & Blake, 
Spencer & Blake, J. G. Blake. Abbott Frye, Robbins & Cronk- 
hite, Levi Wells, E. N. Brooks, l^lemings & Baily, Jewett & 
Cochran, Gardner Brand, Hallida}^ & Shephard, George Drul- 
lard, Asahel Field, J. H. Ashman, John F. Sibley, Edwin 
Wrig-ht, Edward Godard, D. C. Bloomfield, Philetus Allen, 
Chester Spencer, Charles Hcnise, Joseph Tanner, John Hedges 
&; Son, Vosburg & Son, Clinton Hammond, Daniel Nash, Lake 
& Tabor, Taber Brothers, A. R. Taber, Richmond & Griswold, 
Richmond & Holman, Richmond & McMillen, Richmond & 
Shaw, Cyrus (jriswold, James F. Crandall, G. W. Canfield, 
Frank Thurber, Stanbro Brothers, George R. Bensley, Jacob 
Widing, J. Chaffee & Son, Kilburn & Parmenter, Frederick 
Clarke. William Weber, Agard & Co.. O. S. \\:ard. G. W. 
Spaulding, C. J. Lov\e, C. J. Lowe & Co., Horace Spencer, 
Thomas Spencer, Thomas Prowler, Mrs. Prowler, C. C. Smith, 
Jr.. I'errin Sampson, Graves & Shaw, Walter P'ox, Tanner & 
Bensley, Nichols & Gardinier, Eaton &: Hall, M. L. Hall, \V. 
H. P'reeman, Holland & Prior, P^rank Clark, J. O. Churchill, 
Rust Brothers, John Ballon, PY-rrin & Guardinier, I^'errin is: 
Jones, Joseph Capron, Judson Wiltsee, Reed & Stanbro, John 
Reed, Reed & Holman, Holman & Mayo, Smith & Chandler, 
Mr. Weinberg, Albro & Freeman. R. J. Albro. 


Elijah Brigo,Abel Holman, Lothrop Beebe, Reuben Holman, 
Elijah Richardson, Jonathan 'Pownsend, Suel Townsend, Joel 
Holman, Hiram McMillen. Mr. Hawkins, Esdel F. Wright, 
C. G. P. T. Goss, William Hull, Stoel Collins, Mr. Bunnel, 
(William K. Blasdell, Henry Blasdell and William Holmes were 
edge-tool makers, Mr. Curtis was a sc)'the maker, and Mr. Bur- 
nam and Constant 'Previtt were auger makers), John Robinson, 
Levi Ballou, Ebenezer Darling, George Shultus, Jr., Albert Oyer, 
George Kopp, Stoel Collins, Jr., E. Burlinbach, Sylvester P^itch, 


C'aKin Tuincr. llcnr}- Tease, (^rson Tease. Charles Iloldeii, 
]ohn McAleese, Harrison Cobleii^ii, Thoii Cook, Mr. (luin. 
A. Trest(Mi. Henr\' F\-ke, Charles Conrad, Mike Tender^rass, 
Mr. Towers. Nathan Ihiniphry, John Hull, Sjiencer Fay, John 
Morrison, Le\ant Stanbro, Mike Carmody, F^u<i^h McAleese, 
Nicholas Weaver, Victor Rider, John Miller, (ieor^e Neff, 
Henry Benthusen, Richard Blaisdell, Kdwin Smith, Charley 
T' raiser, William Morrison, John Twichell. i^eter Shontz, 


Joel White, I-'rederic White. Tat ,McCaul\-. Mr. Bristol. 
Martin .Vspland. lulson Terkins, Thilo and Edward Herini^^ton, 
[oel Cobleij^h, Hiram Cobleigh, Henr\- Watson, Elea/.er 
W'eeden, Jehiel Tast, William McMillen (a brother of Hiram 
made the first buij^y made in Springville), Mr. Swain, P. Trube, 
T>ed Rider, Morris Freeman, William Woodbur\', B. A. Fay, 
M. Cornwall, J. T\dler, Nick Brass. 


O. D. Tibbitts, Robert Bidleman, Johnson Bensley , L. B. 
Towsley. William Darrow, H. T. Wadsworth, Abner Chase, 
^Vindsor Chase, Geor<j^e Kin<^man, Ray Green, Miles Hayes, C. 
Van\'alkenburi;h, John and Huel Blakelw J. D. Blakely, Frank 
Ga}'lord, C. R. Wadsworth, Thilip Newback, Alonzo Blake, Clark 
T'erren. A. W. Blackmar, Henr}' Bay, James Thomas, Charles 
BallcHi. H. N. Shreider. S\l\ester Bamhart, William Josl\-n. 
James Blake, T'rederick Williams. 

Ira Eddy, Jacob Rushmore, Levinus Cornwall, Stephen Al- 
bro, Towsley and Tuttle, Jacob Frank, Kingsbury and Hove" 
land, George C. Graham. C. C. McClure, John Loomis, Noah 
Townsend, Enoch Sinclair, Ik-njamin VanName, John Reed, 
T. L. Tyler, Nathan Shaw, Christian HutTstader. Mr. Bibbins, 
L. IC. B. McClure, William Watkins, Terrin Sampson, Peter 
Huffstader, R. l-^. Iluffstader, Samuel Wheeler, Seth \Mieeler. 
John McEwen, William l^ierce, George McClure, Seth \\\ 
Godard. Julius McClure, C. C. McClure, Jr., Henr}- Welling, 
William Stone, H. (). Tuckerman, John Groin, H. H. Harris, 
Tryon Smith, Benjamin Bartlett, Philander E. M}-ers, Abner 

190 siiof:makers, hit-rhkrs, tailors, etc. 

Pettitt, (jorham Newcome, William Brown, S. B. La)'t()n, C. 
C. Smith, Henry McEwen, Amanzo Rcecl, Henry Wilcox, Mr. 
Jones, Mr. Cady, Austin Graham. E. N. Er\'e, Mr. Gedne\', 
Chi'i'^topher Beardsley Wiltsee. 

Amo.s Melvin, Pamenter & Kilburn, Freman Baily, Barmen- 
ter & Andrews, Edwin Wright, Hamper & Sweet, William 
Beagle, Damon Dodge, Dodge & Pamenter, Clinton Hammond, 
Hedges & Crandall, Windsor King & Son, J. D. Blakely, 
Thomas Davis, Jacob Widrig, Widrid & Palmer, Palmer & 
Smith, Calvin Smith, Jr., Philetas Widrig, Norman Crandall. 
Mayo & Cox, A. J. Blakely, Nicholas & Foster, William 
Schlacter, Nicholas Rassel, Spencer Widrig, Matthew Pitts, 
J. Morrison, Ezra Vasburg, George Hibeck, Horton & Wandall. 

Mr. Thompson, Mr. Botsford, Thomas Nicholson, Jeremiah 
Schallen, David Bensley, Mrs. Mahlem, tailoress, Sylves- 
ter B. Peck, Samuel Shaw, B. B. Mason, L. B. Hibbard, C. 
Vandenburgh, P. Fitzgerald. Jonathan Bloomfield, Constant 
Graves, Eugene Ciraves, John Dodge, Daman Dodge, E. L. 
. Norris, T. B. Norris, Mr. McCormick, Henr}- Jerns, Peter Hein, 
T. G. Murphy, Hiram Beardsle)'. 

Charles W'ells. Eliakim Rhodes, Charles C. WT-lls. William 
Chapin, Whitman Stone, Car}- Clemens, Ben Eaton, Orren 
Lewis, James P^lemming, Stillman Andrews, Joseph D. Evans, 
Abial J. Vary, Thomas Var\-, Robert (i. Flint, (ieorge Mat- 
thewson, Frederick Matthewson, Ephraim T. Briggs, William 
Field, Camden C. Lake, Volney l-Jelden, J. (1. Blake. William 
McMillin, Marcus McMillin. Dexter Rhodes. Cyrus Rhodes. 
James Curtis. Ste])hen Hooker, Marvin I^^cld. Charles Field. 
Manl)- iMeld. Abijah Sible\-, Levi W\'lls, Wesley Demon, 
. Era.stus Lake, Mike J^rass, 'I"rac\- J. Russell. Asa R. Trevitt, 
James Drury, Edward Churchill, Ambrose Upson, L}'man 
Shepard, Comfort Knapp, Chester Loveridge. (iifford Pierce, 
Joshua Steele, Alva Dutton, Hiram Donalson, (). D. Curtis, E. 
Briggs, Chester Holt, joiner and cabinet makers : Benjamin 
Knight and Caleb Knight. 

'I'lNSMrrns. Mii.iAVRicins, m.\( iiinists. ktc. 191 

II()(l<;c Brothers. l'criL;i'in Eaton. Judson I^aton. J^cnjaniin 
l'\ Joslin, Thomas Spencer, David Bloomfield. J. Chaffee & 
Son, Ferren & (iuarchnier, h'errin & Jones. \\\ I). Jones, I). W. 
Hensle)', \\ . 1). Jones. Albert Pierce. 


Jar\-is BlooniCield. Janies T)'rcr, L. M. Kellos^i:^. Mr. Good- 
sell, Geori^-e Walker. Benjamin V. Joslin. L. (i. Vnvd. James 
Titus, Morris Williams. 


Mr. Marshall. C". J. Shuttleworth, Homer Bloomfield, Wal- 
lace McMaster, Theodore Baker, Milton Yount,^ 


H. M. Waite, Alva King, Wm. French George E. Crandall, 
Nathan Shaw, A. (loodell, Welcome Sprague, Langdon Steele. 


Abial Var\-, (iec^rge E. Crandall, Cieorge (iliddon, William 
Nash. William \\Y>ber, (). S. Ward, James Weber, Weber ,S: 
Holland, H. P. Spaulding. 


Icabod ]-5ro\vn, Samuel Cooper, Lewis Childs, John Peabody, 
Sylvester Peabody, Emery Sampson, Alanson Wheeler, Isaac 
Childs, Mr. Titus, Gates Brothers, James Fay, vMford .Shi])py, 
Mr. Pratt, Chester Wheeler. 


Wales Emmons. ()tis Butterw orth, Wales Butterworth, Wal- 
ter Wadworth, Mr. Holt, M. L. Arnold, P. G. Eaton, Daniel 
Shaw, Shaw & Brothers, William Sherman, E. Rundall, Major 
Wells. William Barclay, Mr. Rider, M. W. Douglass, S. B. 
Gaylord, Joel Norton, Robert Shultus, Philip Herbold, Her 
bold & Prior. L. D. Chandler, Hiram Thomas. 


Lemuel Twichel, Richard Wads^\■orth, l^enjamin Nelson, 
Jonathan Nelson. Mr. Hill, Mr. Ryder, Mr. Gates. James 


Among' the business and professional citizens of Concord in 
I<S<S3, are the following: 

Rev. \V. A. Robinson, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church ; 
Rev. Mr. Williams, Pastor of the Methodist Church; Rev. A. 
F. Bryant, Pastor of the Free Baptist Church of Springville 
and Fast Concord ; Rev. Mr. (3wen, Pastor of the Baptist 
Church ; Rev. Mr. Fromholzer, Pastor of the Catholic Church ; 
Rev. Mr. Baker, Pastor of the P'ree Baptist Church of Morton's 
corners; Rev. Mr. Jackson, Pastor of the M. E. Church at 
Morton's corners and Rev. Mr. Weiderman, Pastor of the 
Lutheran Church at Morton's corners. 


Hon. C. C. Se\'erance. W. H. Tichnor, PVank Chase, A. F.. 
Scott, D. J. Wilcox, Lowell M. Cummings and Scott Cum- 


Dr. George G. Stanbro, Dr. W. H. Jackson, Dr. W. E. Long, 
Dr. M. M. Sperry and Dr. L C. Blakeley, Nichols' corners ; Dr. 
T. Calkins, Woodwards Hollow. 

Leland House, li. S. Pierce, Proprietor; Poorest Hotel, T. K. 
Davis, Proprietor ; P^armers' Hotel, Theodore Trew, Proprietor; 
American Hotel, Peter Neno. Proprietor ; Delavan House, 
Webster Norton, Proprietor; Miller's Hotel, Henry Saltzer, 


P^irst National Bank of Springxille — Cash capital paid in, 
$50,000. Wm. O. Leland, President; H. G. Leland, Vice-Pres- 
ident ; E. O. Leland. Cashier. Directors — Hon. C. C. Se\'er- 
rance. Almond D. Conger, Joseph Demmon, Wm. O. Leland. 
Geo. W. Oyer, Wm. Z. Lincoln, F. O. Leland. Morris L. Hall. 
H. G. Leland. 

Farmers' Bank of Springville — Capital stock, $30,000. .S. R. 
Smith, IVesident ; B. Chafee, Vice-President; P". (). Smith, 
Cashier. Directors — S. R . Smith, B. Chafee, J. 1). Larribee, 
A. D. Jones. 

KKriicisis, mii.i,ini;ks, \c. iq.i 


r. Ilci"l)i)l(.l, niainifacturcr ami dcak-r in rurniluic ami uiukr- 

L. 1). Chaiullcr, (-iealL-r in turnilurc and undertaker. 

C. J. Sluittlcw'orth. furnace, machine shop, saw-nnll and 

W. G. Rawson. mill owner and farmer. 

lUnl Chafee. mill owner and farmer. 

E. L. Hoopes, miller and dealer in floor and ^ccd. 

S. R. Smith, manufacturer and farmer. 


George E. and Nel.son Crandall, M. P. Spauldiny and E. If. 



S. H. and X. K. Thomson, Bcebe and M\-ers, dr\- L;oods, 
•groceries and L;eneral store; C. AI. Hadley. J. D. Hlakele\-, R. 
\V. Tanner, A. F. Rust, E. A. Scott, groceries and pro\isions; 
J. O. Churchill, groceries and provisions and dealer in dr\- 
goods; William Briggs and J. S Tarbox, general store in Mor- 
ton's Corners, Maltb)' and Parmenter general store in Wocxl- 
uard's Hollow ; B\'ron Walters, general store in East Concord. 

Frank Prior, L. B. Nichols and E. C. Smith, drugs, medicines, 
paints and oils. 


.Mien and Weber, A. D. Jones, 13. W. Jones, and J. Wheeler, 


.\. L. Ilolman and J. W. Reed. 


W. Stone, J. W. Reed, Antliony Lei.ser. A. L. Molman, C. C. 
AlcClure and George McClure. 


Harris Cohen, Peter Hein and I Ienr\' Jerns -Tailor. 


Mrs. O. Smith, Mrs. L. M. Cummings, Mrs. George Myers, 
fancy .store. Miss Clara WHieeler and Mrs. L. U. Hcmstreet. 


194 I'AIX'J'KRS. I'klN'IKKS AND 1!I .\( KSM ITl IS. 

Airs. S. Sweet. Mrs. I'erkins. Mrs. H. Palmer. Mrs. R. U. 
Ticbnor, Mrs. (Xstrander, Mrs. A. E. Torrey. 


Thomas H. Prior. James Prior. Marshal Kingsley. Peter H. 
Prior, Levi Prior. P^red Childs, Robert Yates. Ryron Bristol. 
David Hernden, Lemuel Parker, William P>ye, Nicholas Dcet, 
PVank Span Id iiiL;', John Pratt, Lyman Covel. Morris Harnett. 


S. Swertz, M. Colin, Charles Colin, J^'rank Thurber & Sons. 
Dell l^inney, Mr. Ouigle)', Gideon Matthewson, Mr. Doane. 


\V. \V. Blakeley, job printer and proprietor of Jounuxl and 
Herald, Melvin & Myers, job printers and proprietors of Local 
Ncivs, Nelson Thurber, printer. Charley Briel. printer, William 
Lowe, printer, William P>\'e, printer. 


Jay Borden, proprietor of Sprin<;ville Tanner}-. I'atrick Flan- 
igan and Mr. Philips, tanners. 


V . O. Smith, coal and wood dealer. 


Nicholas Rassel, Spencer Widri<^r and Cook Brothers. 


Victor Collard, Matthew Metzler and Mr. Hassett. I'eter 


Frank Weismantel. Peter Weismantel. Samuel Wheeler. Jr.. 
Jacob Wcnzel, Charles Thurber, William hVase. llenry Krepjis. 
John h'ink and Cie(.)ry;e Beaumont. 


C. R. Wadsworth. Clark Fcrrin, S. PL Barnhart. .\. Thillen. 
llenry Bay. 

i'i;i;i.ic iMii.DiN'cs, iiAi.Ls, I ii . 195 

Carlos W'aiicaiul A. I,. X'au^hn. 


S. I',. SpauldiiiL;- ami Miss Ann 11. Pierce. 
E. S. iS: J. Pierce and K. 1). Henient. 

M. I). Scoby. 

! Iar\-e)' Spauklin^-. 


( )l)era Iliuise, I'resb)'tei'ian, Methodist. l''ree l)a])tist. Baptist 
and Catholic churches, Ciriffith Institute. Masonic Hall and the 
E. A. U.llall. I'"ree Ba])tist. Methodist and Lutheran churches 
at Morton's Corners, and h'ree Baptist chui'ch at Ivist Concord. 


1.. M. KelloL;\L;. Jesse i""r)'e. James B. Titus, Benjamin Josl)'n 
and Morris Williams. 


C. J. Sluittleworth and Wallace McMaster. 


John Demuth. Anson J. MeminLj;, Campbell Hu^eland Lewis 


K. 1). Bement, (jeori^e Identic}- ami Herbert P'errin. 


Thomas Lincoln. William McMillen, Joseph Flcmin<^, Wil- 
liam IMackmar, Benjamin Joslyn, Lbenezer S. Cady, J. L. Steele, 
Ransom Davis, Morris Williams. William Josh-n. ]). O. Bab- 
cock, Carlos Co.x, .\. J. Moon. I'eter Zimmer. James Titus, 
I'Vank Spauklin^-. (ieort;e 11 Clark, Kutloli^h Rust, Ward F'crrcn, 
Waldo Morton. William Widriti^, lliram Laffcrty, James Rey- 
nolds, David (iritfith, (jeorL;e Wood, Theron (ireen. Albert 
Davis, Cypher Haas, (ieori^e Norton. Met. Lincoln. Charles 

\()6 " fii)1)1,i;k's crkkn." 

Laffcrty. Artluir Churchill, Alfred Churchill, Will Stanbrci. 
O. D. Curtis. Will Griffith, Mr. Shaw. Perry Scott. Tom Wil- 
liams. Mr. Grace. Lee Rider. Gottlieb Krantz. James Cranston. 
Mr. Huyck. Edward Beaver. 


It has been a query, even among those to the " Manor born.' 
iL'/ic/i or by ivhoiii this name of " Fiddler's Green " was first 
<^iven. But it has now become a pretty well established fact, from 
the testimon)- of persons now living, and who lived here at thai 
time, that the name was applied as early as 1815 or 1816. And 
it is also equally as well ascertained by the testimony of the 
same old settlers that the person who first applied the name 
was Uavid Stickney, who then kept a log tavern w here the 
Opera House now stands, and adjoining the "Green. " 

The plot of ground where the park now is, in early times was 
larger, smoother and much more beautiful than it is at present 
and was at first called "The Green." The theory that there 
were several fiddlers living adjoining or near there at the time 
the name was given is not sustained by evidence. It is true 
that at one time there were several fiddlers living in the vicinity, 
but it was many }-ears after it had received its title : but the 
following are well established facts: — 

First — That David Leroy came here about 1 812. 

Second — That he was a famous and inveterate fiddler. 

Third — That he lived a few rods north of the present park, 
and adjoining the " Green." 

Fourth — That his house was the favorite resort of other fiddlers 
who frecjuently came some distance to practice with and learn of 
him, and that the sound of his fiddle almost nightly floated out 
upon the evening air, and all the villagers listened to its rich 
melody. From these facts we have become satisfied after due 
investigation, that from David Leroy anci the music of his and 
other fiddles at his house, the " Green " by which he lived took 
the name of " Fiddler's (ireen," and that there were )io other 
Jieidlcrs living tJiere at that time. 

From this the little village took the same na//u\iind for man\' 
years it was know n as " Fiddlers (ireen " from New England 
to the 1^'ar West. Fifty and sixty years ago the name Spring- 
ville was seldom applied to the village, and it was only on 

MAM. KOi'lKS .Wn I'osi 1)1 KICKS. I97 

special (occasions ami when (inc wished to be \ery ])recise in his 
language that the full name " Fiddler's Green " was used, but 
among the surrounding farming communit\- the name almost 
universally applied was the "Green." If you went to a neigh- 
bour's house and enquired of the wife where her husband was, 
the answer would be he has gone to the " Green." If }-ou 
called at another house and asked the children if their father 
was at home, the answer might be no, he has gone to the 
"Green." And even to-day the name of the "Green " remains 
indelibly stamped upon the minds of sivut of our \enerable 
men and women whose first and earliest recollections of the 
place was the little hamlet that nestled in the midst of nature's 
richest verdure around that spot, and this impression remains 
to-day on their minds, and they speak of it as the " Green " and 
call it by no other name. 

In early times the " Green " was used as a parade ground b}' 
the military companies that trained in Springville. Sometimes 
caravans and other traveling shows exhibited there. Some- 
times exciting games of base ball were played there. In the 
memorable political campaign of 1840 a log cabin was erected 
on the south-west corner of the " Green," and a large political 
mas.s-meeting was held there on that Fourth of Jul)-. In 1880, 
at the Semi-Centennial celebration of the opening of the Spring- 
\ille Academy, the large compau}' present on that occasion 
took dinner from tables erected on the " Green." 


The first post-offices established in this county were at Buf- 
falo and Clarence. There were no post-offices or mail-routes 
in the south towns before the war of 181 2 -15. 

The earliest method adopted b}- the settlers for communi- 
cating with their friends east was by watching their oppor- 
tunity and sending letters by some one who might ha\e occasion 
to return to the section of countr\- the\- came from. And their 
friends east would send letters whenever they knew of an\' 
person coming from that part of the country- here, and such 
person sometimes brought a dozen or more letters and they 
would be distributed to the owners who sometimes lived man\- 
miles apart. .\t one time a man by the name of Wm. Earl 

iqS I'os tmastkrs ai" si'ki\(;\ ll,I,l•".. 

\\as employed b\- the settlers to l^o to Buffalo once a week to 
cany the mail and brin;4 that of the settlers and distribute it to 
whom it belonged. At first the country extendin^^ for t\vent\- 
five miles north and south and thirty-fi\'e east and west, was 
all included in the one town of Willink, and a letter addressed 
to a person in Willink mi^ht ne\er reach its destination, there- 
fore the\' were addressed to persons in the township and ranj^e 
in which the}' lived. In this w a\- the\' coidd be distributed 
w ith measurable accurac}'. 

In the Spring" of 1820, a new mail-route was established, 
running from Buffalo to Olean, with three new offices in this 
county: one at Hamburg, formerly called Smith's mills; one 
at Boston, formerh* known as Torrey's corners, and one at 
Springville, Ralph Shepard was the first post-master at Ham- 
Inirg, Krastus Torr\- at Boston, and Rufus C. Eaton at Spring- 
cille, who held the office nine \'ears. Since that time the 
post-masters at Sj)ringville ha\ e been — 

In i828,Klisha Mack, under Andrew Jackson, two terms, 
Martin Van Buren, one. 

In 1840, Samuel Lake, under Harrison aiui of T\-ler's 

In 1842, Dr. Hubbard, under part of Tyler's and [)art of 

In 1846, Major Blasdell, under Polk's administration. 

In 1848, Morgan L. Bacigiey, under 'ra}-lor and h'illmore. 

In 1852, Camden C Lake, under Pierce. 

In T856. Camden C. Lake, under Buchanan. 

In i860, Perrin Sampson, under Lincoln. 

In T864, Perrin Sampson, under Lincoln and part of John- 

In 1866, Luther Killom, under Johnson. 

In 1868, Carlos Emmons, under Grant. 

In 1872, Carlos Emmons, under part of Grants 2d term. 

In 1872, T. B. Norris, under part of Grant's 2tl term. 

In 1876, T. B. Norris, under Hayes. 

In 1880, T. B. Norris, under (iarfield, who i.. post-master ;it 
the present time. 

Aliout fift)' )-ears ago a post-office was establisiu'd 011 Tow ns- 
end Mill, with .Ama/.iah Ashman as postmaste'i". At the jjresent 

ro.M MISSION ol II! K II RSI I'oS I'M AS TKK. 199 

time there are four post-offices in the town of Concord — Sprini;- 
ville, Morton's Corners. Wooclward's Hollow and Mast Concord. 
•At first tlu- mail was carried o\-er Tow nsend llill to Boston 
and on to Jkiffalo ; then it was carried down the east branch of 
Ei<4'hteen-mile creek to Boston, then to Buffalo. And it has 
been carried past I-last Concortl ami tlirouLi'h Coklen to Buffalo. 
It is now carried on the cars from SprinoviHe to Sardinia and 
to Buffalo ; and also through Boston to Buffalo. 

In early times there was a mail from the Kast carried through 
Springville, Zoar, and on West. Afterwards there was a mail 
from Pike through Springville, Morton's Corners, Collin's 
Center, and on West. At the present time there is a mail 
route from Collin's Center, througli Morton's Corners, Wood- 
ward's Hollow, New Oregon, &c. There is a mail route from 
Springville to Cattaraugus Station. There is also a mail route 
from Springxille t(> Ashford Station. 


'^Ri'tuni /. A/n]<^\\\ Jr., Posf-i/instrr (jciirrol of the ( 'nitctf S/a/cs of 

To ALL who shall see these presents, greeting: 

" Kxow VE, that confiding in the Integrit}-. Abilit\- and 
Punctuality of Rufus C. Katon, P^scp, I do appoint him a Post- 
master, and authorize him to execute the duties of that Officu 
at Springville, Niagara Count)', and State of New \'ork. 
according to the laws of the United States, and such Regula- 
tions conformable thereto as he shall receive from me. 

To HOLD the said office of Post-master, with all the Powers. 
Privileges and Flmoluments to the same belonging, during the 
pleasure of the I'ost-master (ieneral of the L^nited States for 
the time being. 

In TESITMONN' whereof, 1 have hereunto set m\- hantl and 
caused the Seal of my Office to be affixed at Washington Cit\ , 
the thirteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight lumdred and twent}-, and of the indej)endence of the 
United States the fort>'-fourtli. 

Registered 19th day of Jul)-, 1820. R. J. Mek.S. 

Tiios. Aruuckle, Clerk. 

200 NAMKS ()]•■ OWM'.RS OK 1-AKMS 1\ 1S43. 

/\ list of tlie owners of farms and farvninL;- lands in the town 

of Concord in 1S45 : 


25. Calvin Blake, L. C. X'ani^han, lames V^aui^han, Epenetus 


26. W. W. Cornwell, Asa W'ells, J. X. Yates, H. Freeman, 

J. Mayo. 

27. John Gardinier, J. Bloodgood, W'm. Smith, Archibald 

2(S. Jared Davis, John Vaughn, Wm. Smith. 
29. H. J. Vosburg, Abram Gardinier, \Vm. Olin, G. Newcomb. 
:^o. Wm. Foot, 'Levi Finch, James Wood, Joseph Coteral, John 


31. James Wood, R. Foote, R. Matthewson, John Philips. 

32. R. F^oote, Sam. Hains, Mrs. Beaver, R. Matthewson. 

33 Asa Wells, Healy ?^reeman, Charles Wells, Mr. Kilburn. 

34. James Bloodgood, J. N. Vates, Vincent Cole, Weston 

Waite, Moses Griswold. 

35. Archibald Griffith, M. \Wample, S. Gardner, J. Ma}'o, 

C. Smith. J. Wilson. 

36. J. & A. South, Wm. Smith, E. Cram, L. Killom, J. Ila\-nes, 

L. Needham. 

37. H. Stanbro, Wm. J^aker, Henr}- Vosburg, 1^. Graff. C. 

Vaughan, David Clark, Levi Finch. 

38. J. Griffith, Louis Wheelock, H. Griffith, R. Drake, Bela 

Graves, C. Killom. 

39. R. Foote, John Treat, P. A. Sprague, S. P. Field, Bela 


40. Abner Wilson, B. Crump, P. A. Sprague. 

41. Josiah Graves, Ashle)' Holland, Gardner Stanbro, Seic)- 


42. Seley Scjuires, J. C. Cranston, Justin Miner, Hiram Mayo, 
, D. Sweet, J. McMillen. 

4V L. Davis. E. Mayo, James Curtis, J. Mayo, P. Stanbro, 

C. Smith. 
44. 7\. Cranston, Wm Smith, Jr., Wm. Smith, S. A. Jocey, 1'. 

Stanbro, C. Stanbro. 
15. W'm. Smith, Wm. Smith, jr., Patrick Hogan, Ej^jhraim 


KAKIA' FARM oWMlKS IN l( »\\ \ ()!■ ( ■().\( OKI i. 20 1 

46. Philip l\)ttcr, P. (^s<,H)od, Josiah CanfR-Id, Mr. Flint. C. A. 


47. Wheeler Drake, (non-resident). 

48. Samuel Abbott, Alonzo Cross. 

49. Mrs. Reynolds, Varne\' Installs. 

50 K. E. Williams. Daniel Tice. Peter ]^radle\-. Zimri Inj^alls, 
Caleb Ingalls. 

51. James Flemings, Ephraim T. Briggs. Amos Stanbro. 

52. Philip Ferrin. Nathan Godard. l^Mijamin South, Lsaac Knox. 

53. Albert Shippy. Ephraim A. Hriggs, Star}- King, C. Need- 

ham, E. Godard. 

54. K. Martin, Jr., Mr. Mason. A. Martin. J. Agard. Orrin 


55. Orrin Sible\-. S\-lvester Abbott, Harrison Calkins. 

56. Henry Smith. Wm Calkins. C. Abbott, S. Abbott. D. 


57. Carlos Emmons, V. Ingalls, Allan Drake, Alanson Wheeler. 

58. J. House, Orley Perkins, Benjamin WHieeler, Sen. 

59. Benjamin Fay, Ebenezer Blake. 

60. Noah Townsend, Constant Tre\'ett, Philip Ferrin, Mr. Ste- 


61. Orrin Baker, Jonathan Canfield, Orvil Canfield. 

62. Wm. Field, Almon Perkins, Joshua Agard, H. E. Potter. 

63. Benjamin Sibley, Joshua Agard. Abijah Sibley. 

64. Moses Leonard, Oliver Dutton, O. Wells, J. P)artle\-, Mr. 

Curran, Mr. Calkins, E. Twichell. 


46. Mrs. Prudence Williams. 

47. Mrs. Prudence Williams. 

48. Roswell Alcott. 

49. Jesse Frye, Enoch N. Fr)e. 

56. Henry Weber. 

57. Non Resident. 

58. Michael Smith. 

59. Michael Smith. 

60. John Wells. 

61. David Williams. 

62. E. N. JM-ye, L. P. Coxe. 

202 i:arlv concord farmers. 

60. Luther Austin, V. 11. Can-, John Ilovcland. 

67. Henry Weber, II. S. Post. 

68. John Wilhanis, Le\i Pahiier. 

69. John Williams. 

70. Non Resident. 

71. Thomas Richardson. 

/2. Abram Hammond, Luther Thompson, Mr. Newman, S. G. 
Churchill, J. G. Stor\-. 

JT,. Thomas Daxis, Mr. Trumball, S. A. Morton. 

JJ. Elisha Eaton, Joel Chaffee, Charles Chaffee. 

/^. Charles Watson. 

79. Mrs. Knii^ht. 

So. Mrs. Knii^ht. Amos Stanbro, Geory;e Thompson, Charles 

81. A. P. Morton, A. K. ( )strander, Ambrose J(_)hnson, Widow- 
German, Milo Paker. 

^2. A. P. Morton, Pomro\- Johnson, Jose[)h A^^ard Ostrander, 
Mr. Harxe}'. 

86. Samuel Churchill. 

i>/. Pelei^ Cranston, AL-. \'an Hurau. 

88. J. Agard, W. Agard, S. Agard. L. (jerman. 

89. Horace Ga\'lord, Amos Stanbro, Washington T\-rer. Charles 


90. Isaac Nichols, (jeorge \\'oodbur\-, James Wheeler, P. C. 

Holt, Mrs. Tyrer-Ostrander. 

91. Jeremiah Richardson, James Wlieeler, Widow Richardson. 
Parts of lots 61, 62, 71, 79, 80, i>j ;ind /^, and lot 70 were 

wild or unoccu[)ied land. 


1. Carlos Lmmons. \'. Ingals. 

2. V. Ingals, Mrs. L )veridge, S. Wheeler, Mr. Ilutchins. 

3. Mr. Hutchins. 

4. P. Scott, A. /Vshman. Mr. Hutchins, Mr. Ste\enson, Mr. 


5. R. C. Drake, lUam Booth, Parle\- Marten. 

6. Sillick Canfield, A. Gra\\ C)li\er Needham, Laban A. Need- 


•ni.i.i'.ks (»K nil' son. i\ 1S45. 203 

7. Ilosca I'otttr. i.. II. Twichcll. II. lii^als, A. (icnsnian, Mr. 

I lorton. 

S. William l)>-c. Ira Wooclwanl. Whcclcr iJrakc. 

9. Jonas Pcrhani. 

\o. r. Cook. V. liiL;als, John I'^'cnch. 

11. V. Scott, Widow Scott, .\. LoNcridL^a-. 

12. r. Scott, J. Shears. 

13. ThacklLMis I licock, Abial BloclL;"ctt. 

14. T. II. and II. Potter, Charles Xeedham, A. C. Adam-;, 

Widow Bement. 

15. T. li. Potter, William Twichell, Samuel Tuichell, Joseph 

Potter, Ira Drake, H. Drake. 

16. William Potter, Widcnv Drake, Wheeler Drake, G. W. 

Thurber, H. Drake-BridLi'inan. 
I 7. W. H>-de, S. W. Alger. 
iS. W. Hyde. Klder Carr, James Tyrer, O. Spaulding, A. Hall. 

B. Trevitt, S. Stevens. 
\(j. J. M. Spauldinu-, B. Alby. 

20. A. Hall, Hicock and Trevitt, E. Sampson, Jeremiah Louk. 

21. Benjamin Trex'ett, Benjamin Trevitt, Jr., Hiram C. i re\ itt, 

William Adams, E. Adams. 

22. Eron Woodward, Isaiah Pike, William Adams. 
2:,. S. Trevett, I. Pike, D. Janes, P. Thurber, H. Burt. 

24. R. Curren, J. Fosdick, E. Ellis. S. Trexett. 

25. L)-man Joslyn, Mr. Josl\-n. 

26. S. Stexens. 

2J. r. M. Brings, E. Eush, Daniel Persons, James Colwell. 

28. S. Cooper, H. C. Trevett, B. Fisher. l\. Sampson. 

29. J-5enjamin Trevett, lienjamin Trexett, Jr., Trex ett & l^illou. 

30. Ezekiel Adams, A. C Adams. 

31. H. Babcock, Mr. Brush, J. Haxxkins. R. Hawkins, Al})honso, L. Trevett. 

32. D. Janes, P. Roach, Joseph Roach. W. Burt, P^-ancis Tat- 

too, John Goffinett, Francis Wiser. 
^T). Calvin Johnson, John Nichols, A. Nichols, J. Steele, Ezekiel 

34. E. Simons, Z. Simons, John Martin, John PealxKlx , Phiu- 

eas Peai)od)'. 


35. Peril! Sampson, Emery Sampson, William Sampson, T. D. 

Tiffany, P. Payne, S. Briggs. 

36. Emer)' Sampson, LeGrand Douglass, Haw & Douglass. 

37. J. Rice, A. Becker, — F"rancisco. 

38. Joseph Hawkins, Levi Knap, P2. Adams, Mr. Blakeslc}-. 

39. Benjamin Dole, Alph(^nso Cross. 

40. Mrs. Barrett, G. M}'er, H. Perkins, H. Rathburn, George 

Barrett, F. fiammond. 

41. A. Nichols, M. J. Steele, William Fessenden. Eli/.er Stock- 

ing, L}'man Steele, Charles Mosier. 

42. Luke Simons, Z. Simons, William Fisher, Nehemiah Heath, 

Joseph Tabor. 

43. J. L. Douglass, D. Rice, Jarcd Tiffany. 

44. J. L. Douglass, Waters & Rice. E. Sampson, Jarcd Tiffany. 

J. Colvin. 

45. William Beckwith. Ra\- Beckwith. Mr. Stearns, (iilbert 


46. Chockly Lynde. Ira Stebbins, Mr. Lj-nde, William Horton, 

L. Barrett. 

47. John Becker, George Myers, Zenas Perkins, P. Hucklebury. 

M. Hucklebury. 
4S. H. Jefferson. D. Horton, B. Rathburn. F. Hammond. 


1. Eaton Bensley, John Russell, Joseph Harkness. 

2. Samuel Cochran, Mrs. Yaw, D. Evans. 

3. George Holland, Sylvester Eaton, W. Watkins. Wells 

Brooks, William McMillen. 

4. J. Van Pelt, James Hinman. Charles Wells. \'. Ingalls, 

Christopher Green. 

5. 1^. Nelson, E. Matthewson. G. W. Kingman, Parker & 

7. Ahner White, William Weeden. Charles Chaffee, Joel 

Chaffee, J. Russell, E. Bensley. 
S. Bloomfield, Shepherd. White. Shultus. William Weeden. S. 

9. E. Mack, William l^allou, J. Rushmore, I'Ltlmonds I'\ White. 
10. J. Van Pelt, Selem Sears, Isaac Palmei-. 

coNcoRi) S()I.iiii;ks RiicokD. 205 

11. II. S. I'osl, Julius Hcmcnt, Ihirvcy Aiulrcws. Luther 


12. Jarvis Bk)onificlcl. 

13. (iilcs Churchill, Jacob Rushniorc, Luther Austin. 

14. I'^. W. Cook. 

15. E. W. Cook, Mr. Stearns. 

16. David Wiley, Mr. Stearns. 

17. Ebcnezer Dibble, P'rancis White, Mr. luhiiunds. 

18. Mrs. Otis, William Ballou. 

19. William Smith. 

20. James Kini^sle)-. 

21. L. R. Shultus. 

22. David .Shultus. 

23. David Shultus. Abel llolman. Mr. Kini;man. 

24. Abel Holman. 

2^. Nathaniel Howen. Mr. Dodi^e, Parker & l^arton. 


'I\) that (irand Arm\' which preserved the L^nion, Concord 
contributed her full share of volunteers, a larg'e percentage of 
whom were either killed or died in the service. When future 
generations lift the \eil from b)-i;"one years in their search for 
fitting themes of eulogy, let their finest tributes fall upon the 
heads of the soldier boys of Concord. 

More than half of those who entered the service went out in 
two companies — Company A of the 100th N. Y. .S. \\, and 
Company E of the 1 r6tli N. Y. S. V. 

Company A of the lOOtli was recruited b}' Capt. Daniel D. 
Nash, of Springville, and was the first offering toward the for- 
mation of the "Eagle Hrigade." being raised b)' (ieneral 
Scroggs, of Buffalo. Of their service in the field we need not 
speak, as its history has already been written b\' an able pen. 
Company E of the 1 i6th was organized by Drs. U. C. Lynde 
and Cicorgc G. Stanbro, of Springville, in 1862. Dr. George G. 
Stanbro was commissioned as its captain. The\- reported for 
duty in August, 1862, at Eort Porter, Buffalo. Earl\- in 1863 
they were sent to Louisiana, where, after particij^ating in a 
series of hard fought battles, the regiment was ordered to Vir- 
ginia. But a history of the 1 i6th has also been written and 

2o6 II 1 1; r.KAVK s( )I.1)Ii:ks ok coxcoRn. 

wc need not tuilher refer to it. ( )f those wlio were members 
I if the various other reL;'iiiients. their records are ecjuallx' deserx- 
iiiL,^ of a phice on the ilhistrious scroll of the nation's lionoretl — 
soldier heroes. 

The following;" list of the soldiers includes some who enlistetl 
in other places but whose homes were really in Concord : 

■ Died in the service ; the person's name will also be found in a list of the dead. 

n\K HUXDRKDIH RK(;i M KNI' ^'E^\ \()KK \()1.U.\ rKllR^. ( i >.M- 

I'AW A. 

Major Daniel D. Nash, h'rancis L. Arnold, 

Capt. Wm. L. Mayo, Nathan J. Arnold. 

Serg. Carlos H. Richmond. (ieorge Arnold, 

Scrg. Thos. W. Small, Thos. Dillon, 

Scrg. Byron Bristol. Hiram M. Fisk. 

*Corp. Charles B. Kellogg. "Jacob l^^-iednicUi. 

Corp. Thos. M. Allen, Ed. (i. (iibson, 
■'•'Corp. Charles H. Flanders. Henr)- S. (joodman. 

Corp. |. S. Bibbens, Nicholas (ieorgen, 

Emerson Gates, James L. Gaylord. 

Daniel Hicks, "Uriah F. Hill. 

Marion Eincoln, John Roller, 

■■^Roswcll Merrifield. Ebenczer Spooner, 

Nicholas Streit, Frank Smith, 

Wm. H. Sill, Daniel H. Stebbon. 

"Thos. C. Sweet, Sylvester Wiser, 

"Geo. Bishop, -'^'hillip Wiser, 
"Clark C. Dickerman. 


Capt. (ieorge .S. Stanbro. Rollin J. Albro, 

Capt. Charles S. Crary, George Annaerter, 

Lieut. Clinton Hammond. "'Peter Brooks. 

Scrg. John Ci. Dayton. Morris Barnett. 

*Corp. Samuel A. Mayo, Martin Bui)-, 

Corp. Anthou)' Reiser, Edward Bement, 

William A. hV-rrin, Marshall K. Davis. 

Stephen E. .S[)aulding, Jacob Earner, 

Benjamin S. Goddard. Alonzo Hilliker, 

rill'. \f)i.iN ri-.i:k s(ti.i)ii:K>. 


I'l'edcrick I li >\\'i'laiul. 
■■'Marl<s 1 ,ouk, 
"•■'Jolin 1 1. Mayo, 
Julian 1 1. KIkhIcs, 
"••■John 1 1 . Tluirher, 
Carlos Waitc, 
Cornelius (iraft. 
Scrq;. James 1^. Webber, 
Uriah C. L)'nde, Surgeon. 
Jacob Chiefferle, 
"•^■Daniel Wriehl, 

Julius A. MeClure. 
Theron Alatthewson, 
Cornelius ( )strancler, 
llenr\- W. Shultus, 
h'ranklin C. Shultus, 
•■'I^'abian Warner, 
Lorenzo Johnson, 
Marion Johnson, 
Joseph S. W'.irner, 
■■'■John W. rwichell, 
■■'Hiram H . Tvrer. 

Theotlore B. Norris. 

.MIS(i;i.l,ANE()L^S LIST. 

"Eugene Walker- 44th Re^., Inf. Co. A,(i'eoi)le's Rllsworlh. ) 
■"Irvini,r l^ike — 44th Re^., Inf.. Co. A, (l'eo[)le's Mllsworth.) 
■•■'Jerome Myer.s — 44th ReL;., Inf., Co. .\, ( l'eo|)le's T'Jlsw orth.) 
"•■"ilenr)- C. Hammond — 44th Ke^., Inf., Co. A, (People's I^lls- 

Tyler H. Stearns 44th KeL;.. Inf., Co. A, ( l'eoi)le"s Kllsworth.) 
Lan.son A. Stanbro — i 16th N. Y. V., Co. C. 
Alonzo v. Killom — 1 i6th X. Y. V., Co. K. 
William Woodward— 64th X. Y. V., Co. A. 
(ieort^e Smead — 64th X. Y. V., Co. A. 
Elmore Hement — 2d Rey;. California Ca\'., Co. (i. 
Frank I'. S])auldin<,^ — 36th Re-. X. Y. \'., Co. A. 
Col. H. V. .Spauldin^- — 7th Rey;. U. S. colored troo[)s. 
James McRea— ist Ret;-. 111. Li^ht Artiller\-, Batter\- I. 
Nathan Humphrey — 1st l^atalion, N. Y. sharj) shooters, 8th Co. 
.\lonzo I^ooth — 97th N. Y. \. iConklin Rifles), Co. K., drafted. 
Corp. John P. L'nderhill lolh X. Y. Caw 
Capt. William II. Warner--4th .\rk. Cav., Co. V. 
Serg. Humphrey Drake — i i6th N. Y. Cav., Co. H. 
■^'Leroy Coo[)er — 187th X. Y. V. 
Henry Himes. 

Elnathan (Griffith— 1 16th X. Y. V., Co. K. 
EuL^ene I', h'.llis. 
William Henry Sprai^iie. 
William Vannatta— 64th X. Y. V. 

208 LIST ()1- Till-. KII.LKI). 

"'^FJias Vannatta — 64th N. Y. V. 

I'rcston Richardson. 

Tctcr Prior — 147th, Co. D. 

Job Woodward. 

Martin Miller— 21 st N. Y. V. 

W. B. Jcwett— 2ist N. Y. V. 

William Black— 45th, Co. I. 

AmericLis Lincoln — 147th, Co. I). 

*Jame.s Darling. 

*Joseph Y. Gardinier — 2d Minn. Cav. 

Serg. George W. Pierce — 187th N. Y. V., Co. E. 

*Jacob F. Goodbread— i.^7th N. Y. V., Co. 15. 

*Thoma.s Page. 

*Philip Mentz—iooth N. Y. V., Co. A. 

*Chauncey Joslin — 64th N. Y. V., Co. A. 

^Alfred Shippy. 



Corp. Charles B. Kellogg — killed in Virginia. 
Corp. Charles F. Flanders — killed in the attack on Fort Wag- 
ner, July 18, 1883. 
Roswell Merrifield — killed June 28, 1892, at Bottom Bridge. 
Thomas C. Sweet — killed June 28, 1862, at Bottom Bridge. 
Jacob P'riedman — killed. 

Uriah F. Hill — died at Andersonville prison. 
Phillip Wiser — killed May 26, 1862, at Seven Pines. 
Corp. Samuel A. Mayo — died Aug. 8, 1862. 
Mark Louks— killed at Port Hudson, June 14, 1863. 
John H. Mayo — died of wounds received, Aug. 11, 1863. 
John H. Thurber — lost at sea, July 10, 1864. 
F'abian Warner — died at Baton Rouge, July 26, 1863. 
Eugene Walker — killed at second battle of Bull Run. 
Irving Pike — died in the service. 
Jerome Myers — killed at Malvern Hill. 

Henry C. Hammond — killed at second battle of Bull Run. 
Leroy Cooper — died in the hospital at Washington, in 1864. 
Elias Vannatta — shot. 

James Darling — died in Andcrsonxille prison. 
Joseph Y. Gardinier — died at St. Louis, P^eb. 7. 1862. 

■niK i'RKsii\ri:Ri.\N chircii oi' si'ri.\(;\ii,lk. 209 

lacob V. Goodbrcad — starved to death in Andersonville prison. 
Daniel Wright — died of wound. May 17, 1863, in Louisiana. 
Peter Brooks — died Aug. 13, 1863, in Louisiana. 
John W. Twichell — died Sept. 22, 1863, at Cairo, Illinois. 
Hiram H. Tyrer — died May 9, 1864, at New Orleans, 
(ieorge Bishop — died of wounds received at Bull Run. 
Thomas Page — died Sept. 27, 1863, of wounds received at 

Philip "Mentz — died on Morris Island. 
Chaunce\' Joslin — died of camp fcxer, at Versailles. N. Y., 

Jan. 12, 1863. 
Alfred Shipey — died in the hospital. . 
Clark C. Dickerman — died July 18, 1863, at Fort Wagner. 

Owing to the destruction of valuable records, the above rec- 
ord is imperfect and contains omissions and doubtless errors 
which are seemingh' unavoidable. 


The Presbyterian Church of Springville was first organized 
as a Congregational Church Nov. 2nd, 1816, by Rev. John 
Spencer, consisting of but nine members of whom John Russell 
was chosen its first deacon and was ever after looked up to by 
the church as its father and truest friend. Rev. John Spencer 
was a character that deserves more than a passing notice. He 
was a missionary sent out by the home board to labor on the 
Holland Purchase. His labors and toils were abundant in this 
county but more particularly in Cattaraugus and Chatauqua 
counties. He was wonderfully full of vivacit)', a rare wit and 
a genial companion. In all the anecdotes related of him, and 
they are very man>', I have never heard of but one instance of 
his failing to ha\e a read\' response. He was once walking 
through the streets of Fredonia leading his old gray mare, 
which as ever seemed inclined to hang back. Passing a tailor 
shoj) where a couple of tailors sat sewing b)- the open window, 
one called out to him, " Friend, are you traveling far?" He 
answers " No." " Ah, I thought if you were, I would advise 
\-ou to swap off \'our old horse for a bob-sled and get some- 
thing you could draw easier." He stopped, took off his hat 

and bowed, saying, " Gentlemen, I have not a word to fit the 



occasion," and passed on enjoyin<^ the joke hugely, which he 
often repeated. Deacon Russell once said with his eyes humid 
with emotion, " That anecdote always brings good old father 
Spencer with his old gray mare visibly before me." Father 
Spencer was always ready for every good word and work, a 
great worker, sowing the seed unsparingly, and was very suc- 
cessful in securing an abundant har\est. So kind, loving and 
spiritual that he, under God, succeeded in drawing together 
and organizing more churches, it is said, than any other man 
that ever labored in these three counties. He was pastor of a 
great number of churches at the same time and for many years. 
The place where this little band met to worship and encourage 
one another's hearts to stem the tide of worldly influences was 
the old school-house standing in the rear of the Presbyterian 
Church which was burned down about fift}'-five years ago. 
There they met every Sabbath, whether they had a preacher 
to lead them or not. If they had they rejoiced, if not 
they felt the command was " worship God." Some brother 
read a hymn and the)' all joined in the hoh- song with 
grateful hearts. No doubt there would have been some 
harsh, grating discords had the song of this little band fell on 
the ears of some of the fashionable quartettes of the present 
time (w'hose artistic displays seem more in keeping with the 
gymnastics of the day than as a part of religious service). But 
the business of this little band here in the w ilderness was to 
worship and please God, and the}- needed none to lead them 
save the Spirit in this most delightful and impressive part of 
Christian worship. The h}'mn sung, another brother prayed 
and then some minister in heaven preached to them b)' his ser- 
mon being read to them here on earth. Thus they continued 
about five years, when a Mr. Fitch, a son of Dr. Fitch, of W^il- 
liams college, was sent to them. The first subscription ever 
drawn up in the Town of Concord for the support of the Gos- 
pel was for his benefit in the}-ear 1820. The numbers of mem- 
bership had now increased from the original nine to twenty-one. 
as follows: John Russell, John Ewers, George W. Robinson, 
Hannah Ewers, Silas H. Clexeland, Ruth Morrill, Anna Robin- 
son, Sergeant Morrill, Thomas McGee, Hannah Green, Cath- 
rina Cochran, Betse\' h'rye, Asa Phillips, Rhoda Phillips, Cath- 


rina Knox, L\'dia Russell. John M. Richards, I^Hzabcth Austin, 
William Hcrrick and Mary Hcnick. Mr. Fitch remained but 
one year, and was succeeded in 1821 or 1822 by l^'ather Ingalls, 
who remained four or five years, preachin^^ one-half the time 
here and receivins;' his missionar\- aid for a part of his supi)ort. 
Under his ministry the church and community was blessed with 
its first revival, and this was a i^eneral one throuLjhout the com- 
munity, and here man}' of the first prominent settlers took a 
stand for Christ. The fruits of this revival went in part to 
start the other churches. The Methodists had organized a class 
about 1820. The Baptists organized a society from the fruits 
of this revival in 1824 and a church several years later. The 
Methodists were so ^strengthened by this revival that the)- com- 
menced building a church edifice in 1827. The house was 
enclosed, except glazing, and remained so for some \'ears. 
Through the kindness of the Methodists, the Congregational 
church was permitted to meet in their house occasionally. 
There they worshiped on slab seats laid on blocks of wood, 
their worship being in no way incommoded thereby, but as a 
board from the windows, or places for the windows, had to be 
removed to let in light iov the singers ; use was found for the 
old bandana handkerchiefs to cover the heads of the worship- 
ers. All the religious meetings held statedly in the place 
up to this time were held b)- this little band, others oiil\- 
having occasional meetings, while they met every Sabbath. 

The next minister who labored with this church was Kliphalet 
Spencer, of Middlebury academ\-. who commenced his 
labors in the Winter of 1828-9. ^ ^''^ number since the revival 
had increased to fifty-one. Mr. Spencer's labors were not suc- 
cessful, as the Masonic excitement was then at its height and 
absorbed the public mind. Mr. Spencer being a Mason found 
it impossible to do much good in a community where so many 
were incensed against the institution. The walls of the academy 
were now up and the church met w ithin them at anotlier time in 
the ball chamber of the Johnson Bensley Hotel, later known as 
the Sjjringville House. They worshiped here for sometime un- 
der the ministrations of Re\'. S. H. Gridley, since known as Dr. 
(iridley. He was from Clinton, Oneida count\% and preached 
his first sermon to this church — a man of talent and ardent 


piety. He was the first man who exer preached in this phice 
all the time. He left in 1830, the church still weak but united 
and happy and was succeeded by Father \\ ilcox, an aged man. 
who labored a few months without any special engagement, 
and left in 1S31. At this time the erection of the old house of 
worship was commenced, under very embarassed circumstances, 
but few to put their shoulder to the wheel and the land-debts 
resting very heavily upon them In June. 1832. this meeting- 
house was finished The dedication took place on the 6th day 
of June. The ministry present to assist were Revs. Abial Parme- 
lee and T. S. Harris The church had now conveniences and 
comforts, of which it had known nothing in its previous exist- 
ence. It had Avorshiped in the old log school-house, the unfin- 
ished walls of the academy, the old factory where Deacon Rus- 
sell furnished dinner or lunch for all who came, in the ball- 
chamber, in the unfinished Methodist edifice, sitting on slabs of 
the roughest material, and never were privileges prized higher 
than these. Xow the\- had a comfortable and commodious 
house of worship and the celebrated union-meeting of the Bap- 
tist and Congregational churches was entered into by previous 
arrangement. Following this dedication the ministers were 
Parmelee and Harris. Congregationalists; Loomis and Med- 
calfe. Baptists. This meeting continued for several weeks ; as 
the result, twenty-one were added to the church on profession 
and fourteen by letter, increasing the number to seventy. Par- 
melee remained five years, closing his labors here in Januarj', 
1839. Number of communicants had increased one hundred 
and fifty-three. He was succeeded by Re\ . A. P. Hawley, who 
became the first pastor of the church : was installed Jan. 30, 

1839. '^ \ery ardent attachment soon sprung up between 
pastor and people with promise of good results. But Mr. Haw- 
ley was laid aside from the pulpit by the fall of a tree in the 
winter of 1840, from which he ne\"er recovered, and in August, 

1840. the pulpit was again declared vacant. 

The church has now reached a point within the recollection 
of most of our citizens and we will onh' give the names of 
pastors and other facts in a condensed manner. Rev. Z. Edd\- 
commenced his labors in the winter of 1840 and '41. and closed 
in October. 1844. Number of communicants reported at the 


next meeting of Prt'sb\tcr\- was ^22. March. '45, a call was 
jjiven to Hiram Eddy, who became the third pastor of the 
church and durin<^ his stay the church built the church edifice 
in which it nowworships. The pastoral relation wasdissolved in 
June, 1850. The pulpit has since been supplied by ministers and 
pastors in the following order: Rev. Benj. F. Millan, i year; 
Rev. Isaac E. Curr}-, 3 years; Rev. Robert L. Conklin. 1 year; 
Rev. Claudius B. Lord, 3 years : Re\ . Nathan Allen, 5 \'ears ; 
Rev. J. T. Manning. 3 years: Rev. John A. Wells, 11 years. 
Under his pastorate the church members increased fifty per 
cent., and the house of worship was re-modeled at an expense 
of over $6,000. Rev. \V. A. Robinson is the present pastor. 


From the best information that can be obtained, it appears 
that as early as 1814 and 1815. Methodist meetings were held 
by a Methodist preacher named " Jenkins," at the house of 
Ezekiel Smith, in the town of Sardinia (then Concord), on 
Lord's hill, eight miles east of Springville. Subsequentlv 
Methodist meetings were held at George Richmond's, thre^' 
miles east of Springville. About the year 1820. a Methodist 
church was organized at the school house of Liberty pole cor- 
ners, one mile east of Springville, by a Methodist preacher 
known as Father Hall. So far as can now be ascertained, the 
members of the church thus organized were James Hinman 
and Phebe Hinman, his wife : Charles C. Wells and Susan 
Wells, his wife ; Samuel Shaw and Phebe Shaw, his wife. No 
other names of members can be ascertained. In the year 1823, 
this conference district was know n as the Erie district, Gleazen 
Fillmore, Presiding Elder, and the circuit was known as Boston 
circuit. Andrew Peck and John Copeland were the cir- 
cuit preachers connected with the charge, and meetings were 
held by them alternately once in two weeks. At a later date, 
meetings were held at a school house in Springville, that stood 
just west of where the Presbyterian church now stands. In the 
year 1825, this was known as the BufTalo district, Loring Grant. 
Presiding Elder, under whose leadership a church edifice was 
erected. Orrin Lewis was the builder. The church edifice 
thus built stood on the north side of the public square, and was 


used as a place of worship by the Methodists until 1863, when 
the present church edifice was completed, which was built under 
the supervision of the Rev. S. Y. Hammond, the preacher then 
in charge. The edifice is built of brick and of modern .style 
and finish, located upon a lot of ample size, with a commodious 
parsonage of appropriate style, in close proximity. A fair 
estimate of the value of the property could not fall short of 
$10,000. The present membership, at this date of 1883, is 110. 
Sunday school teachers and children, seventy-five. The present 
Board of Trustees are: Stephen E. Tefft, W. H. Pingey, Byron 
Wells. B. A. Lowe, H. G. Leland, L. M. Cumming.s, Frank 
Thurber, Newcomb Churchill, William McMillen. Rev. Will- 
iams, present pastor. 


In January, 1827, the first Baptist church in Springville was 
organized. The articles of faith now held by the church were 
adopted, and Rufus C. Eaton was chosen Deacon. At the time 
of its organization the church was composed of eighteen mem-' 
bers, eight males and ten females. Their names were as 
follows : Zebulon Stratton, Levinus Cornwell, R. C. Eaton, 
Almon Fuller, Sylvester Eaton, W. W. Cornwell, Chauncey 
Pond, Elisha Eaton, Thankful White, Betsey P\iller, Sally 
Weeden, Sally Eddy, Eunice House, Juda Rhodes, Waitee 
Richmond, Eliza H. Eaton, Susannah Pond, Louisa Cornwell. 

About this time Elder Eliab Going was solicited to visit 
Springville, to preach and baptise a few persons. In January, 
1828, the church numbered thirty-five members, and Whitman 
Metcalf became its nominal ]:)astor, intending to preach one- 
fourth of the time. 

In 1832, Elder Loomis preached to the church. 

In June, 1833, Elder David Searle became pastor of the 

On the 14th of December, Daniel Parsons was chosen Deacon. 

In 1834, a new meeting house was built and dedicated Janu- 
ary 27, 1835, the dedicatory sermon being preached b)' IClder 
Elisha Tucker, of Buffalo. 

On the 27th of March, 1836, Elder Searle, who had labored 
successfully as pastor for three years, was dismissed witli a 


letter of commendation, and soon after, the Rev. W. T. Crane 
became pastor of the church and remained one year. 

In the Spring- of 1S37, Rev. G. W. Warren assumed the jias- 
toral charge of the church. June i/th, Lansing Waugh was 
hcensed to preacli. In August, 140 communicants were pres- 
ent. In November, R. D. Campbell was inxited to improve his 
gifts of preaching (and was afterward licensed), and Thomas 
Pierce was chosen Deacon. 

In December, the following resolution was adopted by the 
church, viz : 

"' Rcsoh'cd, That we will not admit to fellowship any indi- 
vidual who will not abstain from the use of ardent spirits, 
except as a medicine." 

In August, 1838, Elder Searle united with the church and 
became its pastor the second time. He continued to labor in 
that capacity till 1841. In 1841, Rev. Newell Smith became 
the pastor of the church. In September, 1842, he asked for a 
dismission. In October, Harry A. Sears w as licensed to preach. 
Twenty-seven had been baptised and twent\-five received by 

In October, 1842, Fllder Anson Tucker became pastor of the 
church. On the iithof August, 1844, 'i*-' preached his fare- 
well sermon, having been dismissed at his request. In the Fall, 
A. H. Danforth, a student from Hamilton, preached during 
vacation. His brother, H. M. Danforth, was invited to preach, 
but he remained but a short time. Elder E. G. Hatch supplied 
the church a few months. Elder Orsamus Ta)'ntor, from the 
Free Will Baptist, united with this church at this time and was 
licen.sed to preach. Edwin Saunders and Alvin T. Cole were 
licensed also. 

In September, 1845, 1"^*-'^'- ^^- W. Mills accepted an invitation 
to the pa.storal office which he occupied till the year 1849, '^"^ 
then supplied the desk till 1850. While Elder Mills remained 
pastor, twenty-seven were baptised and thirty-five received by 
letter. The church which had graduall}- increased since its 
organization in 1827, now seems to have arrived at the height 
of its numerical force, reporting to the association held at 
Arcade in 1850 the aggregate number of 266. 

On the 24th of Februarv. 1850, Rev. Whitman Metcalf 


became Pastor. On the 1st of May, 1853, twenty were bap- 
tized. After four years' labor Elder Metcalf offered his resig- 
nation which was reluctanth' accepted. 

On June 24, 1855, Rev. John Smitzer became Pastor. 
While he remained thirty-eight were baptized and added to 
the church. 

In April, 1857, Rev. John Pitman became Pastor and remained 
two )'ears. 

In January, i860, Rev. Clinton Colgrove became Pastor of 
the church and continued to preach to the church till the P'all 
of 1861. 

In the Spring of 1862 the Rev. H. H. Phelps became Pastor. 
He continued two years and was succeeded in July 1864, by 
Rev. Ira W. Simpson, who had entered on the fourth year of 
his pastorate when he died. 

In June, 1868, an agreement was made with Professor Rogers, 
of Griffith Institute, to supph' the desk for three monthes. 

In April, 1868, Rev. Charles Wilkinson commenced his labors 
as Pastor, and continued a year and a half, and was succeeded 
by Rev. E. L. Benedict Nov. i, 1869. 

In 1873, Rev. William Look became Pastor. He was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. B. E. Hillman in 1876. 

Rev. E. T. Fox commenced his labors in 1879. 

The Rev. Mr. Owen, the present Pastor, commenced his labors 
in 1882. 

Since 1854, the church has declined in numbers, more, per- 
haps, from emigration than any other cause, the youth and 
the older members of many families seeking homes in the 

In the year 1871 the church edifice was repaired and enlarged. 
L. M. Kellogg & Son had the job, and Thomas Lincoln was 
the master builder, as he also was of the old church. The new 
edifice was dedicated on the 28th of November, 1871. 


About fifty years ago the P'ree Will Baptist denomination 
held regular meetings at Springville. They had no church 
edifice and met in the Methodist church and the school-house. 
The first local pastor was Rev. H. Whitcher, a young man who 

ROMAN-fAlIIOUr CIIUKCH ()1- Sl'KI \( i\ I I.LK. 21/ 

attciulctl school at the Acadeni)- and prcachctl to his congrega- 
tion on the Sabbath. He remained about two years and after- 
wards became prominent!}' connected with an F.W. H. Seminar\- 
in Oneida County. 

After several )'ears it would seem meetings were discontin- 
ued, and no society existed in Springville, organizations being 
maintained at East and West Concord. 

On the 26th of May. 1867, the present church society was 
organized in Springville. The following were the principal 
original members : — Mr. and Mrs. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. Leigh- 
ton, Mr. and Mrs. Jos. Gaylord, Mrs. Weeden, Mrs. Stanbro 
and Miss Alice McClure. 

On the iith of June, 1868, a permanent organization was 
effected by the election of the following board of trustees : — 
Emmons Jones, Emery D. Albro, Stephen R. Smith, Walter 
A. Fox and Horatio A. Barker. S. R. Smith was elected 
treasurer and H. A. Barker clerk. At a meeting of the board 
June 15, a plan for building a church, drawn by Mr. Porter, 
architect, of Buffalo, was adopted, and July 29th the contract 
for building the church was let to S. R. Smith for eight 
thousand dollars. Calvin Smith, Emery D. Albro, Emmons 
Jones and S. R. Smith each subscribed one thousand dollars 
toward the construction of the church. The church was dedi- 
cated March 12th, 1870, Rev. G. H. Ball, of Buffalo, preached 
the dedicatory sermon. Rew B. C. Van Duzee was first pastor, 
he was succeeded by Rev. Charles Cook who remained until 
1875, then Rev. B. F. Herrick ofificiated one year, followed by 
Mr. Van Duzee. who preached one year, when Rew A. J. Hr}-- 
ant who remains up to the present writing. 


The church property was purchased of George Holland Oct. 
22, 1856, formerly owned and occupied by the F^irst Pre.sby- 
terian church of Springville. The Board of Trustees consists 
of five persons, the Bishop and Vicar-General being ex-ojficio 
Trustees, and also the Pastor, who appoints annually two lay- 
men as Trustees ; the two laymen now acting as Trustees are 
Victor Collard and Peter Saelzler. FVom 1853 to May 15, 
1869, this was onl\- a missionar}- station: Ma\' 15 irf6Q a per- 


manent Pastor was appointed and a residence built. April 14, 
1878 ground was broken for the new church edifice, which was 
built during that season ; Thomas Lincoln was the architect and 
builder. The church was dedicated Sept. 18, 1879. The church 
edifice has a seating capacity of four hundred, has a bell weigh- 
ing 506 pounds, the main building being \o6j4 feet in length, 
having an audience n^om of 70x40 feet; in the rear, unparti- 
tioned is a sanctuary 30x22 feet ; the cost of the church prop- 
erty was about $8,000; number of church members, about four 
hundred ; the present Pastor is Rey. F. X. Fromholzer. 


The P^irst Universalist Church Society of Springville was 
organized in 1846. Rev. L George, Abram Dyrgert, I. B. Childs 
and Jonathan Mayo, were the first trustees. 

The following constituted the principal original male mem- 
bers of the society : 

Abram Dyrgert, Lewis Childs, L B, Childs, Benj. Wheeler, 
Chester Spencer, Sewell Hakes, Baltus Goodemote, Philip 
Goodemote, Michael C. Huffstader, Jonathan Mayo, Rev. L 
George, C. C. McClure, Perrin Sampson, William Ballou, John 
Ballou, Jonathan Briggs, Jacob Badgley, O. D. Curtis and Dr. 
L. C. Pool. ^ . 

The church was built in 1 847. Re\\ L George the first pastor, 
preached the dedicatory sermon. Rev. L George was suc- 
ceeded as pastor by Rev. C H. Dutton, he by Rev. T. J. Whit- 
comb, and he by the Rev. J. B. Saxe, the last one who preached 
regularly to the society. 

In 1879 the church edifice was sold to Messrs. Horris Hall 
and L B. Childs, who re-modeled it into the present Opera 
House. The avails of the sale were given into the keeping of 
the New York State Convention of Universalists, as a fund to 
be used for the benefit of the denomination. 


The societ)' was organized about sixty years ago by Elder 
Richard Car)-, of Boston. For a number of years meetings 
were held at the Block school house ; afterwards at the Sharp 
street school house. The present church edifice at East Con- 
cord was built in 1S52, previous to which Elder Cary preached 


;it intervals for many years; Elders Folsom, VVhitcher. Bab- 
cock and Plumb also preached. Of the original members, Mrs. 
Achsie Townsend, of Townsentl Hill, is the oiiK- survivin<,^ one. 
Giles Churchill, Prentis Stanbro, Sen., Prentis Stanbro, Jr., E. 
Steele, Woodruff Van Dusan. George L. Stanbro and Sterling- 
Titus have been the deacons of the church from its organiza- 
tion to the present time, in the order as stated above. 

The following are the names of the ministers who ha\e 
preached to the society since the building of the church in 
1852: B. H. Damon, Elder Plyn, Ashly Ensign, B. H. Damon. 
Elder Barker, Elder Van Duzee, Elder Stuart, Elder Starr. 
Charles Cook, Elder Van Duzee, B. F. Herrick and A. F. Bry- 
ant. The present membership is about one hundred. 


About 1818 a few churchmen organized a Free-VVill Baptist 
Society at West Concord. Among the early members were 
Jeremiah Richardson and wife. Elijah Richardson and wife. 
Stephen Knight and wife, Simeon Holton and wife, Elijah, 
Polly and Caroline Richardson. 

The first meetings were held in the school-house, at Nichols' 
corners. Elder Richard Gary was the first minister to preach 
to the society and of^ciated as pastor for many years. Stephen 
Knight, Elder Rindalls, Elder Plumb, Jonathan Canfield and 
Elder Andrus were among the early ministers. 

The church edifice was built about 1 845. The dedicatory 
services were conducted by Elder Andrus. Jeremiah Rich- 
ardson was among those who were most efficient in building 
the church. 


In 1819 a Methodist Society was organized in West Con- 
cord. Among the original members were Lewis Nichols and 
wife, Abijah Nichols and wife, Isaac Nichols and wife, David 
and Betsey Nichols, Lewis Nichols, Jr., Mrs. Hira Lush and Mrs. 
Vernam Cooper. The first meetings were held in an old log 
school house. 

Elder Buell was the first to preach to the societ)'. Other 
earh' ministers were Elder Parker, John Copeland, Elder Wiley, 
Elder Bingham. Inkier Castleton and Re\-. Joseph Hines 


The church edifice was built about 1868. It was dedicated 
by Rev. B. I. Ives, at that time chaplain of Auburn State prison. 

While Rev. Thomas Castleton was preaching to the church, 
a spirited revival took place, which resulted in many converts 
joining the church. 



The original subscription for raising means to build the 
Springville Academy, was dated Dec. 14th, 1825, and among 
other provisions contained the following: 

" 3d. We hereby agree to pay to the trustees to be appointed 
by us as above stated, the several sums set opposite our names, 
as follows : One-third in grain or materials for building on the 
first of March next, one-third in salable young stock on the first 
of September next, and the other third in cash, half of which 
is to be paid the first of June ne.xt, and the other half on the 
first of Jan., 1827, all to be estimated at cash price." 

It was a serious matter for the people of Springville and 
vicinity to undertake at that early day to build an Academy. 
The country was new and the people were poor, and when we 
look back and consider the circumstances in which they were 
[)laccd, we must admire and commend the wisdom and the 
energy and perseverance with which they conceived and carried 
out the difficult undertaking. In 1825 there was no great city 
and no good markets within hundreds of miles of this place, and 
people could get but xcxy little money for their products, 
because there was ver}' little money in the country ; but it is 
evident that if these old pioneers had but little money, they 
had what is sometimes better than money — they had "sand." 


Names Shares $15 v'ames Shares $15 Names Shares S15 

^^^^^- each. -^ame^. ^^^.[^ iNames. ^^^^_ 

Samuel Lake 5 Luther .\ustin i Wm. Vaughn i 

Henry Sears 4 Geo. Shultz 3 Archibald (irififith 2 

Carlos Emmons 2 Wm. Shultz 2 Jeremiah Wilcox, half in 

W. F. G. Lake 2 John Goodemotc 2 May next and half in 

Frederick White 2 C. C. Wells i Feb., 1S27 4 

Rufus C. Eaton 4 Samuel Cochran 4 Wm. Rouse i 

Rufus Eaton 3 Jacob Rushmore 2 Isaac Palmer i 

Liger & Herrick -: 3 Derius Palmer, by consent. 1 Otis Butterworth. Jr i 

Lcvinus Cornwell 2 Robert .-Vngur i lohn Drake i 



Joseph McMillan 4 

John Russell 3 

Otis D. Tibits 2 

R. G . Murray i 

David Furjiuson i 

Varney In^^als 3 

Wales EmniDns 2 

Christopher Douf^las i 

Jeremiah bcallin i 

David Seymour i 

Abel Holman 2 

Jedediah Starks 2 

Lewis ('hilds i 

Isaac Bennett i 

John Williams .. i 

George R. Willard t 

Johnson Bensley i 

Eaton Bensley i 

Sylvester Eaton 3 

Truman White, on consid ■ 
cration that lumber is re 

ceived 2 

Jarvis Bloomticld . 3 

Stephen Albro, Jr i 

John Albro 4 

Giles Churchill 2 

Elisha Russell, to be paid in 

brick, at cash price 2 

Seth Allen 2 

Asa Wells i 

Thomas Johnson 2 

Alanson Lovelace i 

Elikum Rhodes i 

David Shultz, to be paid in 

cattle 2 

Augustus G. Elliott i 

Silas Rushmore 2 

Harvev Stephenson i 

Lothrop Beebe i 

Jairus Reynolds, to be paid 

in stone and labor i 

Phineas Scott 1 

Samuel Lake i 

Selah Squires i 

Alden S. Sprajjue 2 

Tousley & Tuttle 4 

Wm. Wedon i 

Eaton Bensley i 

Justus Scott I 

Charles Chaffee 1 

Jacob Drake i 

Samuel Cochran i 

S . S . Ellsworth 2 

Elisha Mack i 

B. B. Mason i 

Chauncy Lee i 

M. L. Arnold i 

Samuel Stewart, 3 

Abial Gardner, to be paid 

in brick, at cash price. ... 2 

Nathan King i 

Charles Wells 2 

Joseph Jackson i 

David Bensley i 

Stukely Starks i 

Geo. C. Grayham i 

Isaac Knox 2 

John Holdridge i 

Truman Bensley i 

The following were subscri- 
bed in 1830, or subsequently : 

Carlos Emmons 2 

Samuel Lake 2 

Brooks & Wendover 

Elbert W. Cook 

Samuel J. Church 

Sylvester B. PecK 

Eaton & Butterworth 

Manly Colton 

Elbert W. Cook 

Kingsbury & Hoveland.. . 

Carlos Emmons 

Jarvis Bloomfield 

Pliny Smith, Jr 

Joseph Harkness 

Morgan L. Badgley 

Geo. Shultus 

Ebenezer Dibble 

Amaziah Ashman 

Samuel Cochran 


was incorporated by an act of the Ley;islature, March 19, 1827, 
being the second academy incorporated on the HoHand Pur- 
chase, Fredonia Academ)- having been incorporated in 1824. 

The walls of the Acadeni}' were put up in 1827. 

The first term of school held in the Springville Academy 
commenced in the fall of. 1830. Hiram H. Barne}' was the 
Principal and Miss Mary Elliot the Preceptress. 

No record of the names of students could be found, but 
according to the best recollection of several who attended at 
that time, the following named persons were students, the whole 
or a part of the first year : 

Cephus R Leiand, 
Marshall Leiand, 
Sarah Leiand, 
Marion Leiand, 
Hannah Henman, 
Patience Starks, 
Julia Rhodes, 
Emily Rhodes, 
Lewis Hewitt. 

Jacob White. 
Dolphin Stevenson, 
Chester Calkins, 
^hlrvin .Swain, 
Sarah Clark. 
Amy Huntly. 
Hiram Bloomtield, 
John Jackson, 
Eliza Sampson. 

Charles Sherman, 
Sarah Ann Wells. 
Rebecca Brooks. 
William .McMillan, 
Deljs E. Sillman, 
Henry Radcliff, 
Andrew Stevens, 
Louisa Richm->nd, 
Roderick White, 

Smith and McKay, of 

Miranda Bowen, 
Timothy Lockwood, 
Wells Brooks, 
Sard is Wilco.x, 
H. Lockwood, 
Asa Piiillips, 
Samuel Bradley, 



Harriet Swift, 
Theodore Potter, 
John Churchill, 
Adaline Murray, 
Caroline Cochran, 
Orson Cochran, 
Joseph Cochran, 
Byron Cochran, 
Sarah Ann Bensley, 
Harriet White, 
Frederick Alerrell, 
Miss Merrell, 
Martha Johnson, 
Morris Fosdick , 
Harriet Barney, 

Caroline Gregory, 
Alonzo Gregory, of 

Wales Butterworth, 
Mary Eaton, 
Nelson Hopkins, 
William Dibble. 
Sarah Dibble, 
Helen McMillan, 
Selem Sears, 
Otis Morton, 
Mary Morton, 
Anna Moulton, 
Betsy Brooks, 

Washington Shultu? 
Lucy Shultus, 
Julia Ann Shultus, 
Elias Steele, 
Roderick Simonds, 
Harriet Evans, 
Asaph Potter, 
Oliver Canfield, 
Orville Canfield, 
Samuel Abbott, 
Chauncy Abbott, 
Stephen Chafee, 
Utley and sister. 
Hunt of Eden, 
Roach of Buffalo, 

Eliza Bradley, 
Calex Calkins, 
Almina Whitcomb, 
John Lockwood, 
A. A. Arm stead, 
A. Pool, 
Paul Nobles, 
Franklin Spencer, 
Calvin R. Davy, 
Cyrenius Simmons, 
Mr. Wright, 
IVIr. Tiffany, 
Mr. Conklin, 
Mr. Ailen. 

Mr. Barney was succeeded by Lorenzo Parsons, as Perceptor^ 
in 1833 ; he was follow^ed in 1839, by Edwin E. Williams, he 
by A. C. Huestis. 1841 to 1843 ^ E. C. Hall in 1844. October, 
1845, \Vm. Mosheir. January, 1847, J. W. Earle came. He was 
followed by Moses Lane in 1850. Ezekiel Cutler and Eden 
Sprout taught next, each for a }'ear, in 1853 and 1854. In 1855, 
Wm. S. Aumuck took charge. In the latter part of 1858, Rev- 
David Copeland became Principal and continued to occupy the 
position till 1865 ; he was followed b)' Charles R. Pomeroy, 
and he by W. W. Mclntyre, and he by W. H. Rogers, in 1867. 
A. R. Weightman was employed in 1870 and W. H. Rogers 
again in 1872. J. W. O'Brien was the next principal, and he 
was followed by Samuel W. Eddy in 1875. 

The teachers of the female department of the Academy 
have been : 

Miss Starkweather, Miss Warner, 
.Miss Versalla Barber, Miss Case, 

Miss Marten, 
Miss Emma Clark, 
Mrs. Pomroy, 
Mrs. E. B. Rogers, 

Miss Mary Elliot. Miss Decker, 

Miss Sayles. Sarah Houstis, 

Miss Chamberlin, Lucretia Murray, Mrs. Aumock, 

Miss North, Silena N. Johnson, Miss Field, 

Miss Whitlock, Miss Hannah McClure, Miss Emmons. 

Harriet N. Murry, Mrs. Carpenter, .Miss Copeland, 

Miss O'Brien, Miss Libbie Mayo. 

In 1867 the name of the Academy was changed to the 
" Griffith Institute," in consideration of the liberal donation 
given to the institution by Archibald Griffith, of the town of 

Mr. Griffith afterwards bequeathed o\'er ten thousand dol- 
lars to the institution as a permanent fund, to be used mainly 
for the free education of orphans and indigent children ot the 
town of Concord. 


In tlic fall of 1875, school districts Nos. 6 and 8 were united 
and formed union school district No. I, of the town of Concord. 

In (876, the l^oard of Education of Union School district 
No. I, adoi)ted the "(iriffith Institute" as the academic de- 
partment thereof, with the consent of the trustees of said 
institute ; and the ofifices of the said Hoard of Trustees were 
then declared \acant, as provided by statute. 

The schools were united and ha\'e since been conducted as 
one school with four departments, academic, senior, interme- 
diate and primary. There are four teachers in the academic 
department, and fwc teachers in the other departments. 

Samuel W. Edd)' wasthe first principal, and Miss F. M. Sher- 
man, the first preceptress; G. W. Ellis was the next principal, 
and Miss Sherman the preceptress; Prof. E. \V. Griffith is now 
principal, and Mrs. E. W. Griffith preceptress. 

Many students of this institution have attained honorable 
positions in societ}'. Some have been promoted to high official 
positions in this and other states. Asher P. Nichols, Comp- 
troller, State of New York ; Addison Gibbs, Governor of Ore- 
gon ; Ualeson Smith, United States Senator, Oregon : Renj. 
V. Rice, United States Senator, Arkansas; Romanzo Bunn, 
Judge of the United States District Court, southern district, 
Wisconsin; A. E.Carr, Brigadier General, United States army; 
Henry V\ane Armen, M. C, Cattaraugus and Chatauqua counties ; 
Albert Haight, Judge Supreme Court, N. Y. ; Timothy T. 
Lockwood, E.x-mayor of Buffalo ; Stephen Lockwood, Ex- 
judge of Erie County; Allen D. Scott, Ex-senator and Judge 
Cattaraugus county ; C. P. Vedder, Ex-state Senator and State 
Assessor; Charles H. Reed, District Attorney, Cook county, 
Illinois, besides a large number not mentioned here. 


The Semi-Centennial Celebration of the opening of the 
Spring\'ille Academ}' — (iriffith Institute — was held at Spring- 
ville, on Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. i and 2, 1880. 

Mr. E. Briggs first .suggested the idea of the celebration, and 
circulated a paper for signatures, calling a public meeting to 
consider the matter and take the necessary steps, and make the 
proper arrangements, which meeting, when assembled, promptly 


voted that such a celebration should be held and appointed a 
President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer, and an 
executive committee. The executive committee was empow- 
ered by said meeting to appoint all other committees and 
to make all necessary arrangements for the celebration. The 
officers were : 

President of the Day, - - Hon. C. C. SEVERANCE. 
Vice-President, ... - W. G. RANSOM, 
Secretary, - - - - A. R. Taber, 
Treasurer, - - - - H. G. Leland, 

executive committee. 

Erasmus Briggs, - . Chainnan, 
William McMillan, Henrv M. Blackmar. 

George W. Weldon, Russel J. Vaughn. 

Charles C. Stanbro, Byron Cochran. 

George, G. Stanbro, Chain/iau of Coimnittee of Iweitatiou. 
C. J. Shuttle worth, '* " Reception Committee. 

M. L. Hall, " " Supper Conimittee. 

Frank Prior, " " Finance Committee. 

The executive committee authorized and empowered its chair- 
man to proceed and make all such arrangements as he should 
deem necessary and proper for the occasion which with the sanc- 
tion of said committee given from time to time, he proceeded to 
do, which duties occupied his time and attention constantl}', for 
many weeks. 

Mr. Taber also spent several weeks and faithfully performed 
the laborious duties of the ofifice of Secretary. General invi- 
tation was given and special invitations were sent to nearl}' all 
the States and Territories and Canada, wherever it could be 
ascertained a former student resided. The good people of 
Springvillc and of th(p Town of Concord contributed all the 
means necessary to make the celebration a success. When the 
appointed time arrived, a large number of students and citizens 
of this town and of other towns in this and adjoining counties 
assembled — many old students coming hundreds of miles to 
witness and take part in the proceedings. A rostrum was 
erected in front of the academy and adjoining Franklin street, 
and seats were provided and arranged for the accommodation 


of those present under the shade of the trees on the academy 
Ljrounds. At two o'clock on the afternocMi of the first day, the 
large concourse assembled, led by Lay's silver cornet band from 
the Cattaraugus reservation, proceeded to the place prepared 
for the exercises. 

After a prayer by the Rev. I. George, of l^'redonia, the Presi- 
of the Day, Hon. C. C Severance, congratulated the citizens 
and the institution on the great number which had responded 
to the call. In behalf of the citizens he then welcomed these 
students home again to the institution " in wliose classic halls 
they had received instruction." Several letters had been 
received from those who, though, imited, were unable to be 
present, which were now read by \V. H. Ticknor, Esq. 

Two beautiful poems were received from Mrs. James Sweet, 
of Nebraska City, and Mrs. Clark M. Carr, of Galesburg, 111., 
and were read by Miss Sule M. Holland. 

The Speakers for the afternoon were Samuel Lake, Esq., 
Erasmus Briggs, who gave a brief outline history of the Acad- 
emy, and David H. Cochran, President of the Collegiate and 
Polytechnic Listitute, Brooklyn, N. Y. At the conclusion of 
Dr. Cochran's address, the great throng, headed by the band, 
proceeded to the park. Here they partook of a bountiful sup- 
per prepared and served up by the ladies of the Town of Concord. 

Wednesday evening the speakers were \V. G. Ransom, of 
Springville, Ex-Judge Stephen Lockwood, of Buffalo; Judge 
Haight, of Buffalo, Professor (i. W . Flllis. of Spring\ille, and 
Dr. Van Pelt, of Williamsville. ■ 

On Thursday afternoon at I o'clock a procession of students 
was formed in the park and divided into sections of fi\-e }'ears, 
each section bearing a banner on which was inscribed the date 
of their student life in the Academy. Headed b\- the band, 
they marched down Franklin street to Main, and up Main to 
Academy street, and bringing up at last in front of their hon- 
ored Alma Mater. 

Thursday afternoon the speakers were: Judge A. D. .Scott, 
of Flllicottville ; Rev. L George, of Fredonia; Charles H. Reed, 
Esq., of Chicago; Samuel Lake, Esq., Alonzo Tanner, Esq., of 
Buffalo; Col. Clark E. Carr, of Galesburg, 111.; Colonel Cook, 
of Havana, N. Y., and Cyrus Rice. Esq., of Sardinia. 



The speakers Thursday evening \\'ere Rev. A. F. Colburn, 
Hon. Dolphin, Stephenson, of Phelps, Ontario Co., N. Y.; T. 
S. Bunting, Esq., of Hamburg; select reading by Miss KateW. 
Bensley, of Chicago ; (ieorge W. Spaulding, Esq., of Concord, 
and Hosea Heath, Esq., of Hamburg, who was the last speaker. 

A vote of thanks was then tendered to Mr. Briggs, who ear- 
nestly labored to make the celebration a success, and also to 
Mr. Tabor, who faithfully performed the duties of the office of 
Secretary. All these united in singing '^Old Hundred " and 
" Auld Lang Syne," after which Rev. A. F. Colburn pronounced 
the benediction. 

Thus concluded, to the entire satisfaction of students, citi- 
zens and visitors, the greatest and b}' far the best celebration 
Springville has ever witnessed. 

The weather being warm and pleasant, the academ\' grounds 
were lit up by a large number of Chinese lanterns, and the 
exercises in the e\'ening, as well as in the da}' time, were held 

During the exercises the audience was entertained from time 
to time with excellent vocal music furnished by a select choir 
composed of the following persons: R. E. Hufstader and 
daughter, W. W. Blakely, S. Fl. Spaulding 
Miss Lucy Sherman, Mrs. Bordon, Mrs. H. 
D. Jones. 

A list of the names of those who attended the l^lftieth Anni- 
versary of the Springville Academy placed under their Princi- 
pals, and their present residences given. When the State is 
not e"iven New York is to be understood : 

Mrs. A. H. Pierce, 
G. Leland, Mrs. A. 


Jacob White, Yorkshire Center. 

Richard C. Johnson, Sardinia. 

Charles Sherman, Springville. 

Amos Dow, East Randolph. 

John C. Jackson, Ashford. 

Charles Arnold. Arcade. 

Theodore H. Porter, Springville. 

George Marsh, Sardinia. 

Mary A. Sampson Bingham, Elkador, Iowa. 

Anna Moulton Chafee, Springville. 

Julia Rhodes Lincoln, Springville. 

Emily Rhodes Britton, East Concord. 

Mary Whitney Sherman, Springville. 

Elmina Whitcomb Draper, Toledo, O. 


Dr. William Van Pelt, Williamsville. 

Caleb Calkins, Peterboro. 

Hon. Dolphin Stephenson, Phelps. 

Samuel M Abbott, M. D., East Hamburg. 

Col. Chauncey H. Abbott, East Hamburg. 

John Churchill, Springville. 

George Williams, Yorkshire. 

Laban A. Needham, Concord. 

Orson Cochran, Otto. 

Peregrine G. Eaton, Springville. 

Wil iam Ives, Buffalo. 

Mrs. Altczeria Arnold Clark, Ashford. 


Cyrus Rice, Sardinia. 

James Otis, Sardinia. 

Calvin D. Melven, Cadiz. 

Henry T. Wadsvvorth, Springville. 

Samuel W. Pratt, North Collins. 


Eugene (Graves, Franklinville. 
S. K. S. II. Nott, M. IX, Hambur^r. 
Henry Simons, Sardinia. 
Oliver P. Buffum, ("olden. 
David C . Kingslcy, Sprinsjvillc. 
Charles M . Wilder, Chicago, III. 
Eunice Salisbury Notl, Hamburff. 
Eliza Chafee Cole, East Hamburg. 
Lydia Sherman McMillan, Springville. 
Sarah L. Wilder, Van X'alkenburg, Hough- 
ton Creek. 


Salmon L. Johnson, Cattaraugus. 
Charles Beebe, Sandusky. 
Delia A. Sprague Prindle, Fredonia. 
Minerva A. Miner Mayo, Springville. 


David C. Bloom field, Sherman, Chautauqua 


Mary Bailey Weast, Waukegan, III. 


Hubbard T. White, Jamestown. 

I'Vancis AVhite, Springville. 

Isaac Wilcox, Xorth Collins. 

S. H. Nott, Holland. 

Jeremiah F. Jackman, Marilla. 

Rev. Isaac (reorge, Fredonia. 

A. Judson W'iltse, Yorkshire Center. 

Alon/.o Tanner, Buffalo. 

V. R. Carey, Uoston. 

Erasmus Briggs, Springville. 

Aurelia Cary Davis, Boston. 

Louise Jones Wadsworth, Springville 

Maria Rice Finder, Lima, Livingston Co. 

Sarah G. Bond George, Portersville, Cal. 

Emily S. Clark Frost, North Evans. 

Aurora A. Nelson Kingman, Springville. 


Almon Nichols, Morton's Corners. 


David H. Cochran, Ph. D., LL. D., Brooklyn. 
Martin Wiltse, Yorkshire. 


David S. Ingalls, Buffalo. 


Josiah Emery, .\urora. 

F. Kidder Davis, Y^orkshire. 

Hon. Arunah Ward, Ellicottvillc. 


Heman Andrews, Springville. 


W. G. Ransom, Springville. 


J. Andrew Studley, East Ashford. 


Julia A. French Andrews, Springville. 

E. (.. HALL. 

Sarah K. Brockway Earle, South Wales. 


Ivlizabcth J. Melvin Rogers, Holland City, 


Emily J. Lewis Whittemore, Marshtield. 


Phebe W. Starkweather Eaton, Springville. 


Sylvia P. Joslin, Springville. 

J. \\ . K.\KLE. 

William H. Churchill, Maywood, 111. 
Edward W. Stanclift, North Collins. 
Clark C. Sibley, East Concord. 
Philander II. Parker, Arcade. 
Henry M. Blackmar, Springville. 
Miss Mary Davidson, Buffalo. 
Esther Cornwell House, Spi-ingville. 
Harriet A. Pierce Low, Springville. 
Gertrude E. Van Volkenburg Summer. 

Louise S. Marsh George, Yorkshire. 


Hon. Allen D. Scott, Ellicottville. 

Heman W. Rugg, Olean. 

Col. Clark E. Carr, Galesburg, 111. 

Hon. Charles Harvey Reed, Chicago. 

Seth A. Abbott, Abbott's Corners. 

Frederick Eaton, Olean. 

Rev. Alanson M. Richardson, Cowlesville. 

Augusta I. Chafee Clark, Utica. 

App. P. Scott, Allison, Otto. 

Rosina S. Blake Rowley, Springville. 

Helen A. Pierce Kellogg, East Pike. 


Maria Davidson Frye, Collins Center. 


Ann H. Peirce, Springville. 
Laurette N. Lake Taber, Springville. 


George P. Kellogg, East Pike. 


AbraT< Bartholomew, Buffalo. 
Erastus L. Harris, Collins Center. 
Daniel Spaulding, Concord. 
Richard Frank Powers, Hamburg. 
Heniy H. Wibirt, New York City. 
Samuel E. Mritton, Lewiston. 
Hosea S. Heath, Esq., Hamburg. 
William S. Newton, Hamburg. 
.Mary J. Beach Chase, Boston. 
Mary Ann McLin Barnett, Buffalo. 
Caroline A. Rice Schutt, Sardinia. 
Phoebe J. Deuel Newton, Hamburg. 
Mary Miner Brooks, Olean. 
Marion Dutton Chilcott, Hamburg. 
.Amelia Huntley Lewis, Glenwood. 
Susan O. Fowler Chandler. Springville. 


Maryette Adams Mason, Marilla. 

Ann Lincoln, Springville. 

Edna J. Beebe, Arcade. 

Melinda L. Newton, Holman, Hamburg. 

Sophia S. Newton Eaton, Springville. 


Asa R. Taber, Springville. 


Rev. John Corydon Steele, Attica. 
Russel J. Vaughan, Springville. 


"Byron A. Churchill, West Falls. 

Susan A. Smith Backus, North East, Pa. 


Lydia A. Post Powers, Abbot's Corners. 


Alexander Hale, North Collins. 


Loren D. Smith, Sardinia. 
Benjamin S. Godard, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Charles E. Boisford, Springville. 
Laban W. Smith, Springville. 
Sara Vail Kerr, CoUius Center. 


Theodoie B. Norris, Springville. 
Adeline L. Scobey Warner, Springville. 

W. S. .\UMOCK. 

Frank M. Stryker, Castile, Wyoming county . 
Seward Sears, Sardinia. 
Bryant J Davis, East Concord. 
Lucinda Reynolds Hopkins, Sardinia, 
Mary L. Johnson Crosby, Sardinia 

David D. Smith, Yorkshire. 
Garrett W. Stryker, Castile 
John C. Bump, Buffalo. 

Charles M. Newton, Hamburg'. 

Harrison L. Newton, Hamburg. 

Clark C. Dart, Hamburg. 

Bishop Cantield, Vandalia, Cattaraugus coun- 
Albert Fuller, Ashford, Springville P. O. 

Marion Lincoln, Springville. 

Morris C. Freeman, Springville. 

Se.xtus E. Smith, Union Mills, Indiana. 

Joseph B. Stryker, Strykersville. 

Frank A. Howell, Yorkshire Center. 

Hon. Albert Haight, Buffalo. 

Martin E. Williams, Bradford, Pa. 

Cornelius Ostrander, Springville. 

Ray H. Canfield, Concord. 

S. N. Blakely, Glen wood. 

Marshall D. Scobey, Sandusky. 

Walter W. Blakeley, Springville. 

Ellen Jewett Godard, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Louise Graves Bersee, Millington, Tuscola 
county, Mich. 

Alice M. Post Payne, Titusville, Pa. 

Elizabeth L. Mayo Foster, Collins Center. 

Alice Wells Vanatta, Springville. 

Betsey Squires Vedder, Ellicottville. 

Mary Jane Reed Stryker, Strykersville. 

Emma P. Hall Crane, New Canaan, Conn. 

Louise Williams Kenyon, West Falls. 

Alice D. Marsh Emerson, Springville. 

Ella Goodemote Greene, Springville. 

Mary Bensley Price, Chicago, Illinois. 

Eliza Hammond Hall, Bennington. 

M. Louise Dayton CHUman, West Vorkshire.^^^.^ ^^ ^^.^^ ^j^,^.^^^^ Springville 

Altheria Squires Treat, East Concord 
Mary Curtis Churchill, Springville. 
Eliza McLin, Springville. 
Addie Greene Park, Fredonia. 
Mary A. Pingrey Smith, Springville. 
Mercy L. Newton, Hamburg. 


Henry F. Norris, Pike, Wyoming county 
William H. Warner, Springville. 
Chester E. Norris, Rushford. 
Chester C. Pingrey, Yorkshire Center. 

Fanny M. Sherman, Springville. 

Diana King, Springville 

Mercy Canueld. Colden. 

Eupheme E. Ayars Freeman, Springville. 

Ann Johnson Ellis, Sardinia. 

Ermina Colwell YanSlyke, Dunlap, Iowa. 

Adella Thomas Scobey, Sandusky. 


Asa L. Twichell, Springville. 


Lucy Twichell Bensley, Springville. 


Harlan P. Spaulding, Springville. 

DelosD. Crocker, North Branch Station, Minn. ^^^^^^ ^^ Hoiman.VnngviVle. 

Maria L. Bowen, Yorkshire. 

Carrie Squires Smith, Union Mills, Ind. 

Addie McMillan McMaster, Springville. 

Elvira Beebe Whitney, East Ashford. 


Millard S. Avery, North Collins. 
Jonathan H. Smith, Clarksburg. 
Chester C. McClure. Jr., Buffalo. 
Daniel R. Newton, Bradford, Pa. 
Addison M. Smith, Arcade. 
Frank A. Smith, .Arcade. 


Rev. A. F. Colburn, Springville. 


Emmons D. Tefft, East Otto. 
Daniel R. Newton, Hamburg. 


Wm. H. Sherman, East Ashford. 
Ellen A. Tefft Dunbar, East Otto. 
pomerov, mcintvre, rogeks, and 
Charles Willis House, Holland 



Libbic Hammond, East Otto. 


Klmer O. Leland, Springville. 
J. Waldo Norton, Springvillc, 
Addison G. Mattlievvson, Springvillc. 
Philura L. Clark Bartholomew, Springvillo. 
Sarah A. Sibley Baker, East Concord. 


Alfred A. Churchill, Springville. 


Charles H. Albro, Springville. 

' \V. H. KDCEKS. 

Seymour Rider, Sardinia. 
H. A. Wightman, Eden Center. 
. Herman VV'ightman, Clarksburg. 
S. Clark Munger, Gowanda. 
Charles C. Jewett, Spr.ngville. 
Warren Worden, Yorkshire Center. 
Charles E. Allen, Gowanda. 
Elgin B. Cary Boston, Erie Co. 
Owen L. Moss, Collins. 

Clara Nichols Millington, Winfield, Kansas. 
Helen Nichols Hatch, Morton's Corners. 
Ella Chandler Shaffner, East Ashford. 
Ida M. Rice Olmsted, Yorkshire 
Ida Wilson Severance, Springville. 
Horlense Lafferty Greene, Springville. 
Libbie Churchill Clark, Morton's Corners. 
Ella Brown, Manwaring, Elton. 
Alice Stebbins Spaulding, Otto. 
Fanny Norris Norton, Springville. 
Hattie Sherman Nichols, Morton's Corners. 
Mary J. Velzy, Machias. 
Lucy Ide'.ia Burroughs, Collins, 
Ilia M. Wright, Springville. 
Mattie O. Wilco.x, Portersville, Tulare Co., 

Elsie M. Cornwall, South Wales. 
Ina Woodbury, Hambuig. 


Perry B. Co.\, EUicottville. 

Oliver Hammond, East Otto. 

Javan Clark, Morton's Corners. 

Jay Drake, Springville. 

Augusta Potter Leland, Springville. 

Laura E. .Morton, Morton's Corners. 

Clara F Lord, Sardinia. 

Alice Vedder Tefft, Ashford, Springville P, O. 

Jennie A. Wilcox Whcelock, Springville. 

Walter J. Allen, Springville. 


Emma Bond House, Ashford, Springville P.O. 
Kate W. Bensley, Chicago, 111. 
Ell A. Churchi.l, Springville. 


■ Cora C. Stanbro, Springville. 
Mary A. Van Valkenburg, Springville. 

Byron S. Tefft, East Otto, 
John V. Cole, Springville, 


James F. X'aughan, Ashford, Springville P. O. 
Leonard H. Utley, East Otto. 
Willis L. Wecden, Springvilie. 
Charles D. Bigelow, Gowanda. 
Frank E. Lowe. Springville. 


Edwin A. Scott, Hamburg. 


Man' L. Murray, Glenwood. 
Lucy C. Sherman, Springville. 


.Abbey C. Norris, Springville. 


Clarence O. Clark, Springville. 


Clark E. Churchill, Arcade. 

Charles A. Twichell, Springville. 

Delavan B Reed, Sardinia. 

Franklin Hovvland, Machias. 

Ida A. Cutting Hakes, Springville. 

Luella Bond Smith, Ashford, Springville 1', O . 

Sella Wightman, 

\vk; and o'ukikn. 
Karlc R. Vaughan, Lancaster. 


Rhinda M. Churchill, West Falls. 

J. \Y. o'liKIEN. 

Herbert M. Horton, .•\rcade. 

Frank E. Oyer, Springville. 

Ida I. Pike, Boston. 

Clara Goodemote, Springville. 

Emily Holland Cole, East Ashford. 

Jennie Rosier House, Holland. 

Emma Reynolds Lincoln. East Otto. 

o'hkie.n .\nd edd\ . 
Ward B. Wiitsie, Yorkshire. 
Ernest F. Kruse, Springville. 
George E. Reynolds, Collins Center. 
Edward M. Shaffner, East Ashford. 
W. C. Kruse, Ashford. 
George A. Pierce, Springville. 
Herbert D. Cole, East Ashford. 
Mary E. Holt, Glenwood._ 
Jennie V. Pool Bigelow, Gowanda, 
Chloe R. Bates Pepperdine, Cattaraugus. 
Sarah L. Eaton Allen, Springville. 


A. Ulenna Hess, Elk City, Pa. 
Myrtie G. Wells, Springville. 
Anna F. Tanner, Springville. 
Mary H. Bradley, Springville. 
Elizabeth H. Shuttleworth, Springville, 
Ralph W. Lowe, Springville. 
Mary H. Lowe, Springville. 
Florence A. Harrison, East Otto. 



>;. W. EDUY. 

Fred, A . Parmenter, Buffalo. 

Elmer C. Sherman, Springville. 

Paul Canfield, Boston. 

Milton M. Trivett, Woodward's Hollow. 

Miriam I. Craig, Colden. 

Eva E. Multer, Ashford. 

Mary Ticknor, Gowanda. 

Lillie V. Cole Demmon, Ashford. 


S. G. Wightman, Clarksburg. 

Sewell A. Brooks, Colden 

Mark N. Brooks, Colden. 

Carroll G. Morton, Morton's Corners. 

Wendell J. Morton, Morton's Corners. 

John J. k\'hittemore, Buffalo. 

Elbert R. Sherman, Dansville, Liv. County. 

Walter A. Clark, Springville. 

Ella E. Bufifam, Colden. 

Sarah M. Titus, Sardinia. 

Mary L. Kellogg, Springville. 

William A. Staffin, Collins Center. 

Thomas A. Fay, Springville. 

Albert L. Harrison, East Otto. 


Lucius I. Clark, Springville. 

George A. Persons, East Aurora. 
Luther D. Cary, Boston. 
Edward D. Wightman, Clarksburg. 
James Ellis, East .Aurora. 
Henry T. Frank, .\shford. 
William J. Bigelow, Ashford. 
John W. Pratt, Collins Center. 
Frank S. Larabee, Springville. 
Lottie L. White, Springville. 
Ida A. Beverly, Collins Center. 
Estelle Earle, South Wales. 
Lillie O. Smith, Springville. 
Cora B. Backus, North East, Pa. 
Lizzie Murphy, West Valley. 
Mary Wells, Springville. 
L. Lulu Hadley, Ypsilanti, Mich. 
Matie B. Churchill, Springville, 
Nancy M. Cary, Boston. 
Mabel A. McDuffee, Springville. 
Alice M. Eaton, Springville. 
Louise E. Wadsvvorth, Springville. 
Clara J. Pingrey, Springville. 
Carrie H. McEuen, Springville. 
Metiie H. Harrison, East Otto. 

Some of the person.-, that were known to have attended the 
Re-union, and failed to reg^ister their names: 

Hosmer L. Agard, Willink. 

Thomas L Bunting, Hamburg. 

Charles B. Cochran, Rochester. 

Arnold J. Emerson, Sardinia. 

Norman A. Freeman, Glenwood. 

Sidney D. Kingsley, Sardinia. 

George L. Dayton, Buffalo. 

Judge Stephen Lockwood, Buffalo. 

David S. Reynolds, Buffalo. 

Anson A. Stone, Sinclairville. 

Almon W. Stanbro, Buffalo. 

Frank Smith, Eden Center. 

J. B. Vanduzee, Buffalo. 

L. G. Ray Whiting, Boston. 

Girvease A. Matteson, East Otto. 

Carrie W. Andrews Bailey, Collins Center. 

Olivia Ballou Reynolds, Buffalo. 

Estella Batty Freeman. Glenwood, 

Ella M. Crandall DePuy, Sea Cliff, L. I. 

Mary E. Davis Briggs, Yorkshire. 

Philena L. Ferrin Weber, Salamanca. 

Maria L. Howell Bowen, Yorkshire. 
Persis Harrison Potter, Buffalo, 
Frank M. Mills Greene, Fredonia. 
Betsy M. Newton Bunting, Hamburg. 
Eunice J. Pratt Rogers, North Collins. 
Emma S. Wiltse Brand, Yorkshire. 
Mary Horton Sweet, Humphrey. 
Charlotte McMillan, Gowanda. 
Ella Holman Long, Hamburg. 
Lora C. Albro McClure, Buffalo. 
Luana L. Norris Kingsley, Sardinia. 
Ella M. Vedder Crowell, Hamlet. 
Rhoda A. Wheeler Norris, Pike. 
Jennie C. Baldwin Collins, Colden. 
Jennie Dygert Drake, Pike. 
Mary Stowell Scott, Hamburg. 
Sophia A. Bigelow, Chicago, 111. 
Adella Brooks, Colden. 
Grace Brooks, Colden. 
Clara L. Wheeler, Pike. 
Anna Nichols, Colden. 


The first Erie County Teachers' Institute was held in W'ill- 
iamsville in 1844, second at Aurora in 1845. third at Springville 
in 1846. fourth at Lancaster in 1847, fifth at Aurora in 1848, 
sixth at Springxillc in 1 S49. These Institutes were largel}' at- 



tended b\' teachers from all parts of the count}-. The)- con- 
tinued two weeks each, and were held for a number of years. 
The foUowint^ is a list of the officers, instructors, lecturers and 
members of the Institute lield at Sprinj^ville in 1849 • Flrasmus 
Hrii;gs, of C(^ncord, President ; Samuel C. Adams, of Collins. 
\'ice-President ; Louis \V. (iraves. of Aurora, Secretary. 

IxsTRUCTORS — J.H. Karle, Principal of Springville Acade- 
ni\-; J. H. Earle. Teacher of Mathematics; Miss Mary J. 
Hartoo, Daniel Jones, of Aurora; Miss Cordelia Warner, of 
S[)rint^\-ille, M. A. \\'liitne\-, of Aurora, and S. \\\ Craves of 

Lecturers — Rev. L George, S. W. Graves, Rev. Milo 
Scott, of Aurora, S. Sedwick, of Arcade, Samuel G. Love, of 
Gowanda, Rev. H. I{,dd}\ of Springville, E. S. Eddy, of 



G. W. Andrews, Otto. 
Jonathan Briggs, Concord. 
Erasmus Briggs, Concord. 
A. C. Buffmum, Colden. 
E. M. Baily, Ash ford. 
L. H. Bugbee, Persia. 
Andrew J. Brooks, Boston. 
Wm. C. Baily, Holland. 
John R. Bensley, Concord. 
.\lfred R. Bowen, Sardinia. 

A. L. l^radley, Otto. 
Romanzo Bunn, Mansfield. 
P. S. Baker, Hamburg. 

J. F. Brown, Aurora. 
I iiram Clark, Collins. 
.\lban Clark, Collins. 
Lyman Clark, Collins. 
Pones Cole, Aurora. 
H.M.Carr, Concord. 
C. E. Carr, Concord. 

B. O. Carr, Concord. 
Miles Chafee, Concord. 


J. B. Colegrove, Sardinia. 
Wm. W. Chilcott, Hamburg. 
A. T. Cole, Ashford. 
E. M.Clark, Eden. 
Charles Clark, Aurora. 
Elias Borland, Hamburg. 
T. C. Estee, Hamburg. 
J. H. Earle, Concord, 
E. N. Ely, Cheektouaga. 
Jesse Frye, Concord. 
Wm. M. Field, Concord, 
(leorge Kellogg, Concord. 
S. B. Littlefield, Hamburg. 
Nathaniel Lockwood, Boston. 
Charles McCoy, Ellicottville. 
J. McAvoy, Collins. 
Sidney McBride, Persia. 
James Moore, Aurora. 
Lucius McBride, Persia. 
Owen P. Marsh, Yorkshire. 
L. H. Morris, Aurora. 
John H. McAvoy, Collins. 



Joseph S. O'Brien, Collins. 
George Oswold, Otto. 
A. E. Packard, Concord. 
George Perkins, Concord. 
Franklin Pike, Concord. 
Asa Potter, Sheldon. 
J. W. Porter, Sardinia. 
Byron Pratt, Aurora. 
Charles M. Plumb, Collins. 
Abijah Perkins, Aurora. 
L. W. Race, Evans. 
H. A. Race, Evans. 
Alan A. Richardson, Concord. 
W. G. Ranson, Concord. 
Joseph A. Rathbun, Persia. 
Geo. W. Woodward, Concord. 

D. M. Richardson, Concord. 
H. W. Rugg, Concord. 

J. T. Sykes, Sheldon. 
C. C. Stanbro, Concord. 

E. D. Stevens, Hamburg. 
A. D. Scott, Springville. 
Joseph Griffin, Collins. 
L. W. Graves, Aurora. 
Franklin Hodge, Buffalo. 
Charles Howe, Persia. 

Luke G. Harmon, PLllicottville. 
I). H. Hopkins, Concord. 

S. C. Horton, Boston. 
David Hershey, Amherst. 
Moses Ham, Amherst. 
Daniel Harris, Aurora. 
J. S. Hawley, Brant. 
M. N. Jones, Boston. 

D. G. Jones, Aurora. 
A. H. Jones, Aurora. 

L. A. Kennicut, New Albion. 

E. R. Kingsley, Sardinia. 
S. D. Kingsley, Sardinia. 
Charles Scisler, Aurora. 
J. H. Shearer, Aurora. 
Geo. W. Sweet, Colden. 
Ambrose Southworth, Boston. 
E. A. Stebbins, Otto. 

C. C. Sibley, Concord. 
E. C. Sanders, Ashford. 
Ferdinand Taylor, Collins. 
Loomis J. Williams, Hamburg. 
Darwin Wilcox, Sardinia. 
P. F. Warner, Java. 
Horatio Whittemore, Collins. 
L. D. Weeden, Springville. 
M. A. Whitney, Aurora. 
Wm. W. Wilson, Concord. 
James Wilkes, Sardinia. 
O. Wilcox, Sardinia. 



Laura A. Algur, Concord. 
Demis Allen, Collins. 
Malinda Arnold, Collins. 
Sarah A. Baker, Hamburg. 
Ann E. Bloomfield, Concord. 
Almira Britton, Boston. 
Jane A. Briggs, Concord. 
Rosina S. Blake, Concord. 


E. P. Bartoo, Hamburg. 
Eveline C. Bois, Aurora. 
Ann Eliza Bois, Aurora. 
Mary J. Bartoo, Hamburg. 
Mary J. Baker, Hamburg. 
Selphina Bowen, Sardinia. 
Lucinda J. Bement, Concord. 
Roxaiia R. Bement, Concord. 

CATAL()(;uE OF i-i;mai.k MKMI'.KRS. 


Vcstina BlmisIc)', Concord. 
Amelia A. Hlakc, Concord. 
Maryettc Curran. Concord. 
Julia Ann Carey, Concord. 
Mar\' Crawford, Concord. 
Clara Clark, Ashford. 
Esther Cornwell, Sardinia. 
Amanda Canfield, Concord. 
Annetta Clark, Aurora. 
Adaline E. Button, Concord. 
Hanna E. Dustin, Holland. 
Mary E. Davidson, Holland, 
-Sarah A. Button, Holland. 
Phebe H. Borland, Hamburi;-. 
Mary C. Estee, Eden. 
Margaret Flemins^. Concord. 
W. A. Fairbanks, Ashford. 
Sophia A. Gardner, Concord. 
Eudora Griffith, Concord. 
Laura G. Grannis, Wales. 
Amelia C. Grannis, Wales. 
Martha Georj^e, Concord. 
Carolina M. Griffith, Concord. 
Adaline B. Gibbs. Otto. 
Pamelia Guild, Ashford. 
Calista Godard, Concord. 
Lucinda Griswold, Concord. 
Ellen J. Hyde, Concord. 
Maria A. Ho\\e, Rice. 
Maria Howe, Rice. 
Mary E. Hicko.x, Hamburi^. 
Elizabeth Holland, Concord. 
Amelia Huntly, Concord. 
Ann Ingalls, Concord. 
S\'lvia Joslyn, Concortl. 
Electa M. Jennings, Collins. 
Mary E. Jenmngs, Collins. 
Martha P. Johnson, Collins. 
Mar\- E. jolmson, Collins. 

H. A. Johnson, Otto. 
Louisa A. Kennedy, Concord. 
Prudence Kellogg, Concord. 
Louisa Kellogg, Concord. 
Eniil)' J. Lewis, Collins. 
Sarah B. Mclvin, Concord. 
P(^lly Merwin, Concord. 
Helen Minor, Concord. 
Luc)' A. Newton, \'orkshire. 
Sarah Ann Newton, Sardinia. 
Harriett A. Newell, Sardinia. 
Lucy M. Nichols, Concord, 
Harriet A. Peirce, Ashford. 
Betsey Peirce, Concord. 
Helen A. Peirce, Concord, 
Ann H. Pierce, Ashford. 
Julia M. Post, Concord. 
Marian T. Perry, Aurora. 
Jerusha Pratt, Collins. 
Esther Pratt, Collins. 
Gratia I'armenter, Yorkshire. 
Lucinda W. Rundell, Alden. 
Elizabeth W. Rundel, Alden. 
Clara Richmond, Collins. 
Mehala Rider, Sardinia. 
Alice Sanderson, Portville. 
Lurinda Southworth. Boston. 
Martha Stewart. 
Phebe Starkweather, Concord. 
Olive Sleeper, Holland. 
Harriet M. Taylor, Alden. 
Ann R. Tuthill, Otto. 
Cornelia Ta)-lor, Alden, 
Sarah J. Vaughan, Concord. 
Harriet N. Wellman, Napoli. 
Cordelia Warner, Strykersville. 
Jane A. Wolcott, Concord. 
M. M. S. Watkins, Concord. 
Helen M. White. Hamburo. 


Mary Wood, Concord. C. M. Willett, Hamburg. 

Almira Woodruff, Aurora. Phebe Wood, Concord. 

Male teachers 191 

Female teachers 93 

Total 284 

v., DURINC; THE YEARS 1 844, '45, '46 AND '47 — 112 IN 

Jonathan Brings, Orville S. Canfield, S. L. Cary, Laura D. 
Abbott, Milton House, Daniel Noteman, A. G. S. McMillain, 
J. B. Sweet, John F. Morse, J. A. O. South, Nancy H. Salis- 
bury, David Cochran, Philip Thurbur, Lysander Needham, E. 
E. Williams, A. F. Hubbard, W. H. Freeman, B. F. Blake, 
Mary Potter, Rosina Blake, Minerva Slosson, Maria Graves, 
Lucy Hall, Margaret M. Watkins, Caroline Miner, Juliette 
Sibley, Sarah E. Fisher, Desire Little, Mary Needham, Lua E. 
Smith, Lucy Blake, Amanda Canfield, Lucretia Murry, Julia 
M. Post, Miles Chafee, Apalonia Douglass, Calista Godard, 
Roxana Bement, E. P. Kennady, D. M. Richardson, W. W. 
P>ench, W. G. Ransom, Mr. Dunham, Daniel Wilson, Martin 
Wiltse, Benjamin F". Rice, Mary Wood, Eudora Griffith, Charles 
Treat, Mercy Canfield, Melissa Duttdn, J. G. Blake, Lyman 
Packard, Russell P"rench, Margery J. Churchill, William A. 
Sibley, Jacob Widrig, Suel Briggs, Orrin Baker, William R. 
Philips, Mary E. Shaw, Enos Olden. Gilbert C. Sweet, William 
Hudson, Cyrus Griswold, B. F. Cary, E. Briggs, A. C. Adams, 
Sally Sampson, A. T. Cole, G. W. Richardson, Elizabeth Bloom- 
field, Julia A. P'rench, Alpha C. King, Cornelia Holt, Bets)- 
Pierce, Miner\'a L. Griswold, Hannah Agard, Hannah G. Parks, 
Nancy Nichols, Luc}' E. Maklem, Hannah Parsell. Hester Ann 
Martin, Julia E. Martin, Louisa White, Esther Pratt, Almond 
Nichols, Lucinda J. Bement, Jerome E. Stac)', E. H. Drake, 
Charles Needham, WMlliam H. Watkins, A. Parsell, P. H. War- 
ner, Elizabeth Melvin, Mary L. Field, Maryette Curron, Helen 
Minor, .Aurora Nelson, Irene Weber, Herma A. Johnson, Miss 
Southworth, Mr. Spring, Ahira Loxelace. Miss Stiles, Helen 


Hlods2jct, Jemima Treat, Miss Knaj), Atlaliiie Chafee, Miss 
Richardson, Miss Rice, Miss Stewart, Miss Hail}', Kuiiicc 

AliOU'l' rilK lOWNSKM) nil. I, SCIIOOI.. 

A school-house was l)uilt on Townsent! Hill in the earl\- part 
of 1S15 and a school taught therein that summer. It was a 
framed house and locateci on land now owned b)' B. I*". Williams, 
on the south side of the (ienesee Road, about ten rods west 
of the transit road. The names of the teachers who taus^ht in 
this school in early times were : 

1815 — Summer, Waiter Eaton ; Winter, Sally Spaulding-. 
1816 — Summer, Mar}- Torrey ; Winter, Benjamin Vi\y. 
1817 — Summer, Abbie Cunningham; W^inter, Benjamin F"ay. 
1818 — Summer, Rebecca Sawyer; Winter, Amaziah Ashman. 
1819 — Summer, Lucy Chapin ; Winter, Enoch Sinclair. 
1820 — Summer, Mar\' Chapin ; Winter, William Owen. 
1821 — Summer, Patience Bowen ; Winter, Enoch Sinclair. 
1822 — Summer, Olive Fuller; Winter, William Owen. 
1823— Summer, Caroline Owen ; Winter, John Brooks. 
1824 — Summer, Eliza Ayers ; Winter, Elam Booth. 
1825 — Summer, Delia Torrey ; Winter, Elam Booth. 
1826 — Summer, Lucinda Fry: Winter, Ezra Chaffee, Amaziah 

1827 — Summer, Minerva Cochrane ; Winter, Clark M. Carr. 
1828 — Summer, PolK' .Spaulding; Winter, Lucinda Fa}-. 
1829 — Winter, Oliver Canfield. 
1830 — Winter, Oliver Canfield. 
1 83 I — Winter, Asa Philips. 
1832 — Winter, Asa Philips. 
1833— Winter, Asa IMiilips. 
1834 — Winter, Philips. 
1835 — Winter, Nelson Hopkins. 
1836 — Winter, Nelson Hopkins. 


i)Ko\v.\i.\(; OR oiHKRWisr: ix the rowx of concord. 

A man b}- the name of Re}-nolds was drowned in the " Big- 
Bend," in the Cattaraugus creek — just below the P'r}-e crossing, 
in 1839. 


An KiiL^lishman b\' the name of Dunkerh' was drowned in 
the Cattaraugus, near the Shultus bridge, about 1852. 

A young man was drowned in the Bloomfield mill-pond, in 
Springville, in June, 1870; he was a Prussian, name unknown. 

About 1848, two small children, one a boy named Rinhart, 
and the other a little daughter of Stowel Collins, were drowned 
while playing together by the race in Springville, near Frank 
lin street. The same year, a boy named Edmonds was drowneci 
in Auger's pond in Springville. 

A boy named Melancton W'oodham was dro\\ned in Cook's 

In Jul}', 1864, George Severance, a son of Hon. C. C. Sever- 
ance, fourteen years of age, was drowned in the Cattaraugus, 
midway between the Cook and Shultus bridges. 

William Mimmick was also drowned near the Cook bridge. 

Levant Stanbro was drowned in the Griffith pond, near East 
Concord, in 1879. 

About 1880, Theodore Pilger, a young man \\ as drowned in 
the Cattaraugus near the Cook bridge. 

Jonathan Mayo, Jr., was killed in 1825, \\hile chopi)ing with 
his father. A falling tree slewed around as it struck, and 
knocking him lifeless to the ground. 

In 1832, Jacob McLen, a \-oung man, was killed b}- a falling 
tree on Lot 20, Range 7, Township 7. 

About 1873, '^ >'oung man named Cyrenus F"uller wa^- killed 
\\'hile felling trees on the farm of John F. Morse. 

In February, 1869, Arnold Cranston, father of James Crans- 
ton, was killed felling trees. 

June 22, 1877, Charles Krantz was killed while chopping on 
his farm, by a limb falling do\A'n and breaking his skull. 

'In 1883, Byron Swain, a resident of S[)ring\ille, was killed 
while felling trees in Boston. 

In 1852, Henry C. Horton was killed b\- saw logs rolling upon 
him at the Janes saw mill, in the north part of the town. He 
was 27 years old. 

Amasa Loveridge was killed in the same manner, August 7. 
1855, at Captain Tyrer's mill in what is now Wheeler Hollow. 
He was 67 years of age. 

NAMKS OK Slki:AMS I\ COXC-Okl). 21'/ 

Albert Ostrandcr fell from a scaffold to the barn tloor in his 
barn near I^ast Concord, Jan. 8, 1871. and died April 21, 1871. 

Samuel Bradley, an early settler and business man of Sprin<^- 
ville, fell from the stairs in the Gardner mill in the niijht time, 
and received injuries that caused his death soon after. 

Cyrus C. Rhodes and Daniel P. Brown, residents of Spring- 
ville, were killed by the cars at the Elk street crossing of the 
L. S. & M. S. R. R. at Buffalo. June 28, 1856. 

Peter Sampson was killed in 1836 by his sleigh slewing" 
around on the ice, and sleigh, the load and team going down 
the bank from the top of the hill this side of the Shultus 

Dexter Rlu)tles was killed b}- the bursting of a re\ol\-ing 
drum attached to the machiner)- in the Scoby mills about 1878. 

Sanford Mayo w;is killed b\' the cars at the Mills crossing 
(one mile north of Springville), on the Buffalo E.xtension of the 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Railroad, Oct. 2, 1883. 

namp:s of streams in concord. 

The Cattaraugus creek runs along the south bounds of the 
town in a southwesterh- direction. 

Spring brook rises on Townsend liill and runs southeasterly 
and southerly through Springville into the Cattaraugus creek. 

The Cazenox'ia creek rises in Sardinia and runs through the 
northeast corner of this town. 

The east branch of the Righteen-mile creek rises on Town- 
send hill and runs northwesterh- through this town, Boston and 
Hamburg to the lake. 

The west branch of the Eighteen-mile creek rises in the west 
part ot the town and runs northwesterh- through Concord, 
North Collins and Eden to the lake. 

Smith brook rises north of the Genesee road near Mr. Coop- 
er's and runs southerly through Wheeler Hollow and Spooner 
Hollow to the Cattaraugus creek. This brook was named after 
" (iovernor " Smith who settled at its mouth in 1810. 

The Darby brook rises near Nichols' Corners and runs south- 
erly near Morton's Corners and down to the Cattaraugus creek, 
((^ritrin of the name unknown.) 


The Wells brook rises near the residence of B}'ron Wells and 
runs south into the Cattaraugus creek. 

There is also a pond of water near East Concord which has 
been commonly called Griffith's Pond. 


There is a tradition that the first liberty pole reared in the 
town was at the Four Corners, a mile east of Springville, and 
the place has ever since been known as Liberty Pole Corners. 
The time was 18 19, or thereabouts, and on the 4th day of July, 
that the pioneers assembled on these corners to celebrate the 
day as become the descendents of patriotic sires. Officers 
were chosen, a procession formed, an oration delivered, and the 
immortal declaration rehearsed ; and in due time a tall and 
graceful pole was raised, unfurling to the breeze the flag of our 

This interesting ceremony was accompanied with the firing 
of guns, the cheers of the crowd, and the sound of the spirit- 
stirring fife and drum. Upon this occasion the pioneers were 
jovial, and ready to engage in anything laudable for the sake 
of having a good time. They saw at a glance how barren the 
gathering was of tilted dignit}', anci possessing a faculty that 
invented as necessity demanded, they bestowed upon many a 
title that did great honor to the occasion. All men are not 
trained in the same school, nor are their shining qualities of the 
same order, but he who excelled in an}- special province, was 
worthy of a title that accorded with it ; and upon this particu- 
lar occasion, the gathering included names that were exalted in 
the ci\il and military ser\-ice of the land, and had the reporter 
been invented, this might have appeared: " General Knox and 
President Adams drank from the same Gourd, to health of his 
excellency, Governor Smith," etc , etc. 

^ To many of the pioneers these titles ever afterwards clung 
and the\* became kno\\n to the rising generations by these 
a[)pcllations antl no other, such as " General Knox " and " Gov- 
ernor Smith." A stor}' is told of Governor Smith in connec- 
tion with his title that is worthy of being repeated. The 
Governor was a man of commanding appearance, and once 
upon a time he happened to meet an old friend, a congen- 

iiii-; si'Ri.\(;vii,i.K .Mii.i.. 239 

ial spirit, at the old Stone Tavern on the hill. The two friends 
became very convivial over their j^lasses, and an Indian who 
hajjpened to be jjresent was asked to join them ; this was \ery 
willinj^ly acquiesced in. After drainin^r their "lasses the Indian, 
looking;- his excellenc)' square in the face, said : " Bc's you the 
(lovernor of New York ?" The Gox'ernor replied in his usual 
heavy gutteral voice : Not exactly the (iovernor of the State ot 
New York, but I am Governor of Dutch Hollow." 


One of the most interesting,' chapters in the manufacturing 
and business history of Springville, relates to the " Old Spring- 
ville Mill," or " Colton Mill," as it is sometimes called. For 
nearly fifty years it has faithfully performed a considerable part 
of the milling business for a large section of the surrounding 
country. It commenced b)' grinding the pioneer's wheat that 
grew among the stumps, reaped with a sickle and threshed 
out some keen Winter morning on the barn floor with a flail, 
and has continued until the grists received at its doors grew in 
the broad open field, and are harvested and threshed by the 
approx'ed machinery of modern. times. 

Manly Colton, of Buffalo, induced by the excellent water- 
power afforded and rhe promises held forth by the productixx^- 
ness of the surrounding country, decided to invest a poition of 
his cajjital in a larg:; mill at Springville. Work was commenced 
on Januar)- i, 1835, and the mill was completed and running 
before the close of the year. Thomas Lincoln, of S[:)ring\ille, 
was the architect, and Stephen W. Howell, of Buffalo, the mill- 
wright. The framework of the mill was of massive proportions 
and the " raising " was a memorable e\ent in the earlier histor\- 
of the town. The workmanship and materials were of the best 
quality, and w hen completed it was pronounced one of the fin- 
est and best mills in Western New York. Its cost was $22,000. 
The gigantic old water wheel was an object of interest to many 
who have stood in the damp wheel-room and looked with some- 
thing of a feeling of awe on its slow but certain movement. 
This, as well as other jiortions of the machiner\- of the mill, 
ha\'e from time to time been replaced b\- that more impnned. 
The first miller was John T. Noye, late of the well-known 
firm of I. T. N()\'e & Sons, of Buffalo. 


Soon after being built, through the financial failure of Mr. 
Colton, the mill fell into the hands of Dart Bros., of New York. 
About 1846 they sold to Rufus Eaton, of Springville, who con- 
ducted it for about two years, when it again became the prop- 
erty of the Dart Bros., who resold it about 1848 to M. L. 
Badgley and Benjamin Joslyn. After a time Mr. Joslyn became 
sole proprietor, and about 1854 he sold to C. J. Shuttleworth 
and William Barclay, who continued together for about two 
years, when Shuttleworth bought the interest of his partner, 
which he soon sold to Stephen Churchill and rebought again in 
i860. The subsequent year Mr. Shuttleworth sold his interest 
to Madison Scoby, and in 1862 sold the other half to Abram 
Dygert. Dygert & Scoby continued in partnership two or 
three years, when they sold to Shuttleworth & Chafee, who 
conducted the mill together until 1874, when Mr. Shuttleworth 
sold his interest to Bertrand Chafee, the present proprietor. 


" Townsend Hill" was so named from Johnathan Townsend 
and family, who settled there at an early day. 

" Morton's Corners" was named after Wendell Morton and 
his sons, who bought a farm and built a hotel there, which still 

" Nichols" Corners" was so called from Lewis Nichols, who 
settled there at an early day, and some of his descendants still 
live there. 

" Woodward's Hollow" was named after the Woodward 
family, some of ^\'hom still reside there. 

" The Branch." This localit}-, along the creek, from \W^od- 
ward's Hollow to the town of North Collins, is frequently called 
" The Branch," from the fact that the west branch of the Eigh- 
teen-mile creek flows through it. 

" Wheeler's Hollow" was named from the Wheeler brothers, 
who now reside there. 

"Wheeler Hill" was so named from Benjamin Wheeler and 
family, who were the first settlers there. 

" Spooner Hollow," so called from the Spooner family, who 
li\"ed there at an earl\- da\'. 


" Siblc}- Settlement," so named tiom the Sible)- brothers, 
mIio were the first settlers in that neighborhood. 

" Chafee District," named from the Chafee family, who w ere 
early settlers there. 

" East Concord," so called because it is situated in the east- 
ern part of the town. 

" Waterville," so called because two branches of the Buffalo 
Creek meet there, and in former times there were several mills, 
all within a mile of that place. 

" Horton Hill," named from John and Truman Horton, who 
settled there at an early day. 

" Colden Mill," the south part of what is called " Colden 
Hill," is in the town of Concord and is so named from the town 
of Colden, into which it extends. 

" Vaughan Street," named from several families of Vaughans 
who were early settlers on tliat street, and their descendants 
live there still. 

" Liberty-Pole Corners," so called from the fact that the first 
liberty-pole ever raised in the town was raised there at a \-ery 
early day. 

" Sharp Street." Tradition says that Sharp street was so 
called from a house built by John Gould, which had a very 
sharp or steep roof and at that time stood at the end of the 
street, on the farm where Yates Gardinier now lives. 

" Frye Hill," named from Enoch Frye and his father, the 
first settlers there, and Enoch and descendants still live there. 

" Shultes' Bridge," named from David Shultes, who owned 
the land on which it was built, and lived there: 

" Cook Bridge," so named from E. W. Cook, who owned the 
land where the bridge stands. 

" Scobey Bridge," named from Alexander Scobey, ^\■ho li\ ed 
there and owned mills there at the time it was built. 

" Frye Bridge," so named from the Frye's, who own the land 
where the bridge crosses the Cattaraugus. 

'* Block School-House," so called from the fact that the first 
school-house ever built there was built of hewed logs. 

This was one of the finest companies raised on the Holland 
Purchase. The rank and file was made up of the best of the 



young men. But few of the members are living to-day, and 
they rank with our most honored and respected citizens. 

The uniform of this company was green frock coats with 
brass buttons, white pants with black velvet leggings that 
reached half way to the knee, black hats ornamented in front 
with a brass shield from the top of which rose a white feather 
with a red tip, leather belt around the waist, with shields 
affixed for knife and light tomahawk, Axhich every member in 
the ranks carried. They were also armed with rifles. 

This company was organized in 1820 or 1821, with Chris- 
topher Douglass as captain, and Sanford P. Sampson as first 
lieutenant. After serving a few years, Douglass resigned, and 
by the death of Lieutenant Sampson, the command of the 
company fell to Isaac Palmer. He, after serving several years, 
was succeeded by Abram Starks, and Starks by Stephen Albro, 
Albro by William McMillen, McMillen by Charles C. Bigelow, 
and Bigelow by Ephraim T. Briggs, who had command of the 
company when they were disbanded by law, and military train- 
ing done away with. 

A perfect list of the officers of the town of Concord can not 
be given as the records of the town were burned up in the great 
fire in Springville in 1868. The list of Supervisors and the 
time each served is complete. The list of Justices is complete, 
but their term of service could not in all cases be ascertained. 
But a complete list of other town officers, or their terms of 
service can not be made. But the names of such of the prin- 
cipal officers as have been ascertained are gi\'en. 


1821, '22, '23, '24, '25, '26 and '27, Thomas M. Barrett ; 1828 
and '29, Joshua Agard ; [830, Oliver Needham ; 1831, Thomas 
M.Barrett; 1832 and '33, Carlos Emmons; 1834, '35, '36 and 
'37, Oliver Needham; 1838, '39, '40, '41, '42, '43, '44 and '45, 
E. N. P^rye ; 1846, '47, '48, '49 and '50, C. C. Severance ; 1851, 
'52, '53 and '54, S. W. Godard ; 1855, Lucian B. Towsley ; 
1856, J.N.Richmond; 1857, Morris P^osdick ; 1858, '59, '60, 
'61, '62 and '63, S. W. Godard; 1864 and '65, Philetus Allen; 


1866, C. C. Severance ; 1S67, A. \V. Stanbio ; 1868, C. C. Sev- 
erance ; 1869, A. W. Stanbro ; 1870 and '71, Bertrand Chafee ; 
1874, Clark S. McMillan and Frank Chase; 1873, C. C. Sever- 
ance; 1874 and '75, Erasmus Bri^ijs ; 1876 and '"jj, Henry M. 
Hlackmar ; 1878, '79 and '80, William II. Warner; 1881, '82 
and "^}t, Erasmus Briggs. 



Ciirist()})her Douglass, Joseph Ilanchett, Rufus Eaton, Fred- 
erick Richmond, William V . (}. Lake, Amaziah Ashman, Ben- 
jamin Fay, John Brooks, Archibald Griffith, Elisha Mack, 
Stephen Albro, Emory Sampson, John Griffith, Robert G. 
Flint, Isaac Nichols, Wells Brooks, Seth W. Godard, C. C. Sev- 
erance, Hiram G. Smith, Pliny Smith, Byron Cochran, O. S. 
Canfield, Morris Fosdick, Fred Crary, Joseph Gaylord, William 
Woodbury, Isaac Woodward, Almon Nichols, A. W\ Stanbro, 
W. H. Freeman, Frank Chase, E. S. Cady, A. D. Holman, 
Harry Foote, C. C. Stanbro, Willis G. Clark. 

Town Clerks. — Amaziah Ashman, Noah Townsend, George 
Arnold, Johnson Bensley, C. C. Severance, C. C. McClure, 
McCall Long, A. W. Stanbro, A. G. Moon, A. R. Tabor, C. C. 
Smith, T. B. Norris. 

Collectors. — Soloman Field, Harry Stears, Roswell Olcott, 
Isaac Palmer, James F. Crandall, N. A. Godard, Clinton Ham- 
mond, Joseph Potter, George Thompson, Perrin Sampson, Orvill 
Smith, C. J. Shuttleworth, L. P. Cox, A. J. Moon. 

Assessors. — Joshua Agard, E. N. Frye, Emory Sampson, 
Luther Austen, Truman White, Lsaac Palmer, Ebenezer Dibble, 
Benjamin Trevitt, Oliver Needham, Charles Needham, Isaac 
Nichols, J. L. Douglass, L. A. Needham. R. T. Foote, Isaac 
Woodward, Perrin Sampson. 

Commissioners. — Dea Russell, Isaac Knox, Emery Samp- 
son, Amos Stanbro, Benjamin Fay, Jeremiah Richardson, 
Harvy Andrews, Paris A. Sprague, Robert G. Mint, Abel Hol- 
man, Rufus Thurber, Horace, Gaylord, Isaac Nichols, l\. K. 
Ostrander, Elbert W. Cook. William W. Blackmar, Ira W'ood- 



The following are copied from the new town book which 
commences in 1869 : 



Town Clerks. 



A. E. Hadley, 

John Nichols, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

Laban A. Needham, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

Edward Godard, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

John Ballon, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

Alfred Newcomb, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

Edward Godard, 


W. W. Blakeley, 

William L. Mayo, 


Edwin L. N orris, 

Isaiah Gardenier, 


W. H. Ticknor. 

W. H. Stanbro, 


W. H. Ticknor, 

Alfred R. Trevett, 


W. H. Ticknor, 

George Weeden, 


W. H. Ticknor, 

Isaiah Gardenier, 


Frederick G. Myers, 

Alfred R. Trevett, 


Frederick G. Myers, 

William H. Pingrey, 


Frederick G. Myers. 

George Weeden. 



Com's of Highways. 


George Mayo, 

Henry Blackmar, 


George Mayo, 

George D. Conger, 


George Mayo, 

Benjamin A. Fay, 


Henry F. Norris, 

William H. Warner, 


Benjamin A. Fay, 

Nelson Scott, 


Frank Prior, 

William Wiley, 


Frank P. Spaidding, 

Samuel D. Vance, 


Frank 0. Smith, 

Nelson Scott, 


Frank P. Spaulding, 


John H. Melvin, 


John H. Melvin, 

Marcus B. Churchill, 


Edward D. Bement, 

Marcus B. Churchill, 


Morris C. PVeeman, 

A. C. Adams, 


Morris C. Freeman, 

William H. Warner, 


Morris C. Freeman. 

A. C. Adams. 





John Brooks 

Joshua A^ard 

Amaziah Ashman . . . 
Stephen Needham . . . 

A. G. EIHott 

David Rensley 

Abel Holman 

Benjamin Sibley 

Thomas M. Barrett. . 

Homer Barnes 

Emery Sampson 

Luther Austen 

Benjamin Fay 

Noah Townsend 

Jeremiah Richardson. 
Archibald Griffith.. . . 

Robert G. Flint 

Samuel Cochran 

William Smith 

Widow Woodcock . . . 

Robert Curran 

L. B. Tousley 

William Vaughan. . . . 

Oliver Needham 

Silas Rushmore 

David Shultus 

Roads and Bridi^es. 
Common Schools. . 
Contini^ent I'und . . 

Rejected Tax 

Collectors Fees. . . . 
County Tax 

Total Tax 


$ 5 00 

10 00 

6 00 

9 75 

9 13 

2 50 

9 50 

I 50 

8 13 

6 00 

10 50 

14 75 

13 24 

15 00 

11 -'R 

1 1 -,(-> 

4 00 

3 50 

8 00 

7 00 

10 00 

15 00 

2 00 

5 00 

7 00 

5 00 

5 00 

250 00 

180 66 

26 69 

13 31 

61 83 

559 10 


$206 88 

1,091 59 
11,298 47 



Mrs. Ezekiel Adams, ai^cd 96; Mrs. William Ballou, ai:^cd 91 ; 
Huldah Townsend Sinclair, aged 86; Lathrop Bebee, aged 87 : 
Mrs. Lathrop Bebec, aged 82 ; Orrin Sibley, aged 85 ; Mrs. 
Orrin Sible)-, aged i^], ; Silas Wheeler, aged 92 ; Pliny Wheeler, 
aged 82 ; Mrs David Wiley, aged 83 ; Alvira Townsend Owen, 
aged 80; Mrs. Boyles, aged 90; Mahala Eaton Butterworth, 
aged 80; Enoch N. Frye, aged 83 ; M. M. Frye, aged 80; John- 
son Chase, aged 82; Susannah Phillips Chase, aged 80 ; Mrs. 
Truman Horton, aged 83 ; Sally Foster Needham, aged 82 : 
Acsah Wheeler Townsend, aged 80 ; Eliza Shultus Reynolds, 
aged 80 ; William Southworth, aged over 90 ; Col. Sylvenus 
Cook, aged 88 ; Luke Simons, aged 85 ; P'anny Wheeler Gould, 
aged 90; Windsor and Stary King, Mrs. Stary King, Windsor 
Chase, Calvin Killom, Vincent M. Cole, Almira Chafee Black- 
mar, Eliza Chafee Cole, Vernam C. Cooper, Betsey Cooper 
Simons, Mrs. Calvin Smith, Erastus Mayo, Martha King- 
Wheeler, Samuel Wheeler, P\anny P^ay Pleld. James P"ay, John 
T. Wells. Mrs. John T. Wells, Mrs. Isaac Palmer, Samuel, 
Joseph and Abram Hammond, Hosea W. Townsend, Asa R. 
Trevett, Sally Trevett Clark. Hannah Philips l\vichell, Asa 
and Marcus Philips, Henry Ackley, Cornelia Drake Wood, 
Thomas M. and Jonathan Briggs, George Barrett, Jane Plem- 
ing P'ield, Mary P'errin Barrett. William Sampson, Mrs. Isaac 
Nichols, Saban A. Needham, Mrs. Marion Twichell Needham, 
Mary King Vance, Mary Ann Sampson Bingham, Samuel 
Shaw, Salmon Shaw, Mrs. Esther Pike 85 ; E. H. Drake, I. E. 
Drake, Julia Rhodes Lincoln, P^mily Rhodes Britton, George 
E. Crandall, William McMillan, T. H. Potter, Lucy Twicheh. 
William Kellogg, T. H. Gary, Mrs. Martha Olcott Trevitt, Mrs. 
Mary Wheeler Drake, John S. P\>sdick, Jesse Fosdick, Mar\- 
P^osdick Getty, Alice P^osdick Andrews, Mrs. Harvy Andrews, 
aged 82 ; Mrs. William Dye, about 90; Constant Trevitt, aged 
96; Reuben Wright, 82, Stanbury Wright. 



Isaac Knox, Samuel Cochran, Benjamin Fay, Amaziah Ash- 
man, Solomon Field, Isaiah Pike, Smith Russell, Nicholas 
Armstead, Joseph Hanchett, Isaac I>ush, Chaniiing Trevitt 
Thomas McGee, George Killom, Lewis Trexitt, Joseph Yaw> 
Uavid Shultes, Charles C. Wells, FJijah Parmenter, William 
Weeden, Samuel Burgess, William Shultes, John Drake, John- 
athan Townsend, jr., Christopher Douglass, Gideon Parsons, 
Hale Mathewson, T. M. Barrett, Comfort Knapp. 

THK vosiJiJRc; murdkr cask. 

FLarly in the Fall of 1S35. one Joseph Carter was conducting 
an asher)- on what is now Fast Franklin street, near Main street, 
Springville, for the manufacture of potash. At this time the 
" Big Mill " was being built by Manly Colton. of Buffalo. Mr. 
Colton had in his employ one — Vosburg, of Buffalo, as fore- 
man of the mason work on the mill. Vosburg made the 
acquaintance of Carter, and was accustomed after his day's 
work was done to repair to the ashery, where Carter kept up a 
fire during the night in the arch under the huge caldron in 
which he prepared the potash. Heie the two men would 
i.ndulge in card-playing by the light of the fire. On the night 
of the supposed murder. Carter and Vosburg were joined in 
their pastime at the ashery by a vagabond character named 
Goodell, who had no fixed home or occupation. On the night 
in question it api)ears the trio indulged freely in the ardent. 
The next morning the lifeless bod}' of Vosburg was found out- 
side of the asher\- building, his clothing saturated with the black- 
salts from the boiling caldron, and signs that he had been 
dragged from the inside of the building to the outside. At 
once a very general impression [)re\'ailed that the man had 
been murdered b}- his two companions either by striking on the 
head with some murderous weapon and then throwing the 
body into the. caldron to cover suspicion or b)- the more hor- 
rible method of throwing him by force into the boiling salts. 

Carter and Goodell claimed that Vosburg fell accidently into 
the caldron and so met his death. They were arrested for the 
murder, tried in Buffalo in the proper Court and acquitted. 


The evidence submitted b\- the prosecution being neeessarily 

The defence proved that it was possible for a man to fall into 
such a place and get out before death would occur — such .m 
instance ha\'ing occurred some time previous in Sardinia. 


Ransford Otis came from Vermont to Sardinia, and in 1826 
came from Sardinia to Concord; he lived on Lot 18, on the 
Cattaraugus creek, south of Springville. April 21, 1840, he 
was murdered by Major McEllery, an Irishman, who was living 
at his house. He had lived there but a few weeks, but had 
lived about the forks of the creek for some time. At that time 
there was a grist mill up at Richmonds, and they had been up 
to mill and returned and were at the barn putting out the team 
in the forepart of the evening, when McEllery, who was a 
larger and much stronger man than Otis, stepped up behind 
him and grabbed him around the neck and choked till he 
thought he had killed him, when he laid him on some boards 
on the barn floor next the hay ; but Otis came to and said, 
" Major, you don't mean to kill me ? " Then McEllery pounded 
him till he was dead. He then set the barn on fire. Presently 
the people on the creek and some from Springville saw the fire 
and came running down, and McEllery was there, and they 
enquired of him where Mr. Otis was, and McEllery said he had 
gone over to Mr. May's, who was his brother-in-law. and lived 
over across the creek where Warren Ransom lives now. And 
some of those present went over to Mr. May's and found that 
Otis had not been there, and when the barn had fallen in and 
was burning fiercely, McEllery was seen to put his hands up to 
shade his eyes and look sharply through the smoke and flames 
at some object burning in the fire and on the hay. The people 
mistrusted him and had him arrested then and there, and he 
was committed to jail, and in due time tried and convicted and 
made a confession before he died. He was hung on the 19th 
da)- of January, 1841. 

The old hotel was built in i<S24 b\' Rufus C. Eaton, assisted 
by his brother, Elisha. At that time, Main street had not been 

riii'; oi.i) si'kiN(;vii,i.i-. iiori;!,. 


opened but two or three years, and there was not a building on 
the south side of the street, from the Liberty Pole west to 
Waverly street, and forest trees were standing on the lots 
opposite the hotel. Rufus C, kept the hotel several years and 
then sold it to Johnson Bensley, who also run it a few years. 
In the Sprino of 1833, Richard Wadsworth. father of H. t! 
VVadsworth, bought it and kept it until the Spring of 1836, 
when he sold it to Edwin Marsh, of Buffalo, who turned it into 
a boarding house for a short time. Within a year, Marsh sold 
it to Varney Ingalls, and the title remained with him and his 
heirs about twenty-two years. During that time it was rented 
and run by Mr. Wing and son, by Phelps and Tisdel Hatch, by 
(iaston U. Smith, by James V. Crandall, William Olin, George 
Shultus, jr. Constant and Abner Graves, Brand and Harrington, 
Ballon and Stanbro, Miles Hayes, Mortimer L. Arnold, and 
James Razee. In 1859, I'erigrine Eaton bought it of Mr. 
Severance and SyKester Eaton's family kept boarders then, 
afterwards Mrs. Rumsey kept boarders. In 1866, E. S. Pierce 
bought it and kept hotel there, " Hat "' Holmes and George 
Goodspeed each rented it and run it, and E. S. Pierce kept it 
again. In i8;i, Rust and Dygert bought it, soon after Dygert 
sold out to Rust, who kept it till the Spring of 1876, when it 
went into the hands of E. Briggs, assignee, who sold it in 
the Spring of 1877 to Alvo Axtell, and he sold it to 
Joseph Capron, and he to H. G. Leland, in the P'all of 1877. 
In 1879, ^Ir- Leland took down the old house and erected in its 
stead the present new, enlarged and tasty hotel building. 
When the old hotel was first built, there were no meetino- 
nouses m Sprmgville, and religious meetings were sometimes 
held in the hall. The lodge of F. & A. M., in this town, some- 
times held their meetings there. There the )^oung people 
occasionally had their social gatherings. The hall was occupied 
in 1844, by the Whigs as a club room, there they held their 
meetings, made their sjieeches, and sang their songs. The 
post-office was kept there for a while when Major Blasdell was 
postmaster. Town meetings were held there once or twice. 
At various periods during its existence of over half a century, 
many of the lawyers and doctors, and business men of the vil- 
lage, made it their boarding place and their home for vears. 


In early times, before the railroad days, there was considera- 
ble emigration passing through Springville to the West, and 
quite an amount of travel from Cattaraugus county through to 
Buffalo. Frequently the hotel barn would be full, and the 
,beds all full, and sometimes the bar-room floor would be full, 
(and occasionally a customer would be in the same condition). 

Many and great changes have taken place since the old hotel 
was built, not only in this town and county, but throughout the 
world. Then no railroads for carrying passengers had ever 
been built ; then no steamships were carrying passengers across 
the ocean. The telegraph had not been invented. Then 
there were no sewing-machines, mowing-machines or threshing- 
machines in being. The Erie canal had not been completed ; 
then the assessed value of the real estate of the town of Buffalo 
was less than half what the assessed v^alue of the real estate of 
the town of Concord is now. Then there was not a cook-stove 
or a bugg}^ in this town. The old hotel has passed away and 
will be seen no more, although it \\as small in size and inferior 
in style and dingy in appearance, yet it abounded in good 
cheer, and many a good time had been enjoyed there. And just 
as good eatables and drinkables ha\'e been served up there as 
in the great hotels of New York or Saratoga. 


A short time before David Shultus came and located on his 
place on the C.attaraugus creek, an Indian family camped 
down there on the flats, they had a child just old enough to 
run around outside the wigwam. One day just at dusk, a 
panther caught the child and killed it, about that time the 
Indian, who had been out hunting, came home and shot the 
panther. The Indian buried the child there on the flats and 
put in its gra\e such articles as was their custom. The Indian 
came there after ]\Ir. Shultus located there and related the cir- 
cumstances of the case to him, and showed him the child's 
grave, and the bones and claws of the panther. He had the 
skin of one foot and part of the leg for a tobacco pouch, and 
said he should have it buried with him when he died. 

Soon after Truman White settled on what is now the John 
Wells farm, within the corporation of Spring\'ille, and when there 

A Illkll.l.IXi; IJKAR Sl'ORV. 2$ I 

was nothiiiL^ but a path throui^h the woods where the road is 
now. His son. Tompkins White, then a boy, started from the 
house to come north in the patli, and a panther came down 
from the hill on the east side and confronted him, they faced 
each other awhile and when the boy stepped forward the pan- 
ther did the same. The boy concluded it was best to retreat 
towards the house, which was close by, which he did without 
beins^ molested by the panther. 

In 1816, Da\-id Wiley, David Shultus and (jeorge Shultus 
went over to the Heaver Meadows in Cattaraugus county, 
twelve miles from Springville, after cattle on a pleasant day 
about the 20th of Noxember, they had to stay ail night and as 
there were no settlers there, the)' built up a rousing fire in the 
woods and sta)'ed by it. In the night a furious snow storm 
arose and the panthers screamed around them and one came 
so near that the\- ccnild see his eyes glimmer in the darkness. 
David Shultus went over bear-footed and in the morning the 
snow was about a foot deep, and he had to dance around quite 
lively to keep from freezing. At that time there were 
several beaver dams and beaver houses along the creek on the 
Beaxer Meadows. 


The following bear story is related b}- the late David Oyer, 
father of Jacob Oyer, of Springville : " It was some 60 or more 
years ago since I went to the town of Ashford. Only a few^ 
settlers were there at that time, and the few cows they po.s- 
sessed were suffered to roam, through the woods. The few set- 
tlers would take turns in looking them up at milking time. 
The ex'ening in question it fell to my lot to bring the cows 
home, and it being Sunday I did not take my gun along, as was 
customar)- with me, but I coaxed all the dogs in the settlement 
to accompany me, and I started out in an easterly direction, 
and it was not long before I could hear the tinkling of the bells. 
All at once the dogs set up a terrible outcry in the direction 
that I was going, and I quickened my footsteps and soon came 
up with the dogs, who had a bear at bay. He sat upright upon 
his haunches with his back to a large tree, and whenever a dog 
<jot within his reach it receixed a terrible bloxv from Bruin's 



paw, and whenever he turned and attempted to climb the tree 
the dogs would seize him and haul him back. What was to be 
done ? My only arms was a pocket-knife, but this stood me 
well in hand ; with it I cut a heavy cudgel, and by keeping the 
tree between myself and the bear, I was able to approach near 
enough, and by stepping to one side I dealt him a stunning 
blow across the nose, and a few more over the head finished 
him. That bear was dressed and divided up among the set- 
tlers, who enjoyed a feast. 


The names of persons who took deeds of land from the Hol- 
land Compan}', the number of the lots and parts of lots, the 
number of acres, and the date of- purchase : 



Acres ; Subdivision. ' Date of Deed. 

I 22 














e pt . . 
w pt . . 

s pt . . . 
m pt. . 
n pt . . 
spt. . 
n pt . . 
s-e pt . 
n-e . . . 
m pt. . 
s-w pt. 
n-w pt. 
s-w pt. 
n-e pt . 
m pt. . 
n-w pt 

m pt. . 
n pt . . 
s-e pt . 
s-w pt. 
A\' m pt 
e m pt 
n-e pt . 

Nov. II, 1841 
Nov. I. 1840. . 
Dec. 7, 1815 . , 
Jan. 21, 1818. . 
Jan. 21,1818, 
Sept. 24, 1823, 
Dec. 3, 1823 . . 
Sept. 25, 1833, 
Dec. 29, 1837 , 
Jan. 13, 1834.. 
Dec. 10, 1834 . 
Mar. 8, 1833 . . 
July 17,1827.. 
Dec. 31, 1836 . 
Sept. 29, 1831 . 
Jan. 22, 1846. . 
July I, 1839... 
July 22, 1834.. 
June 14, 1832. 
Jan. 16, 1834. . 
Sept. 20, 1838. 
May 26, 1836. 
Aug. 23, 1832. 
Jan. 16, 1836. . 
April 10, 1832. 


Eaton Bentley. 
Joseph Harkness. 
Samuel Cochran. 
Joseph Yaw. 
Christopher Douglass. 
Rufus Eaton. 
John Albro. 
Charles C. Wells. 
Silas Rushmore. 
James Hinman, Jr. 
John Van Pelt. 
Varne)' Ingalls. 
Noah Cuher. 
Jedediah Stark. 
Benjamin Nelson. 
Elijah Matthewson. 
Marsena Ballard. 
Joel Chaffee. 
William Weeden. 
John Russell. 
Francis White. 
Aimer White. 
William Weeden. 
Rob. Auger. 
Jar\-is Bloomfield. 

TOWNSHIP SIX, RANGE ?,\X—Conti,uied. 






Date of Deed. 




n-w pt . . . 

Jan. 14, 1834. . 

Samuel Cochran. 



n-w pt . . . 

Jan. 14. 1834.. 

Samuel Cochran. 



w 1 

Dec. 2, 1817 . . 

Abraham Mid da ugh. 



w 1 

Mar. 18, 1823 . 

Benjamin Rhodes. 

1 1 


s pt 

Aug-. 31, 1830. 

Elizabeth Austin. 

1 1 


s m pt . . . 

Mar. 2, 1829.. . 

Harvev' Andrew. 



m j)t 

Aug. 30, 1 83 1. 

Julius Bement. 



n pt 

Oct. 4, 1826.. . 

Phineas Scott. 



^^- 1 

Oct. 31, 1832.. 

Jarvis Bloomfield. 



e pt 

July 15,1834.. 

Thomas Johnson. 



w pt 

Nov. 30, 1837. 

Giles Churchill. 



n pt 

Aug. 31, 1830. 

Luther Austin. 



\\- 1 

Dec. 30, 1836 . 

Elbert W. Cook. 



•^ pt 

Dec. 30, 1836 . 

Elbert W. Cook. 



n pt 

Jan. 3, 1857... 

Jarvis Bloomfield. 



•- pt 

Jan. 29, 1842. . 

David Wiley. 



m pt 

Jan. 3, 1837... 

Jarvis Bloomfield. 



^ pt 

Oct. 25, 1838. . 

Ebenezer Dibble. 



m pt 

Mar. 25, 1837. 

Jarvis Bloomfield. 



11 m pt . . . 

June 17, 1828. 

J. White. 



n pt 

Jan. 23, 1837.. 

Truman W'hite. 



s pt 

Oct. 9, 1837... 

Ransford Otis. 



n pt 

Jan. 23, 1836. . 

Truman White. 



w 1 

Sept. 10, 1822 . 

George Shultus. 



w I 

May 25, 1829 . 

Orrin Ballard. 



w 1 

Oct. 21, 1819. . 

William Shultus. 



^^• 1 

Feb. 18, 18 14. . 

David Shultus. 



s c pt . . . . 

Oct. 14, 1836.. 

Abel Holman. 



s-w pt. . . . 

Sept. 6, 183 1 . . 

David Shultus. 



n pt 

May 22, 1835 . 

Jabez Weeden. 




Mar. 2, 1832. . 

Abel Holman. 



11 pt 

Jan. 8. 1835... 

Abel Holman. 




Dec. 30, 1837.. 

N. A. Bowen. 



m pt 

Aug. 13, 1838. 

George Richmond. Jr. 



11 pt ] 

Jan. 7, 1835.. . 

Nathan Hull. 




s-e pt . 
n-e pt . 

Sept. 21, 1809. 
Dec. 29, 1836. . 
Dec. 29, 1836. . 

James Vaughan. 
Asa Wells. 
Jonathan Mayo. 





Subdivision. Dai e of Deed. 



s m pt . 

. Dec. 29, 1836. . 

Willard W. Cornwell. 



n m pt . . 

. Dec. 29, 1836. . 

Hiram Mayo. 



s-\v pt. . 

. June 5, 1834. . 

Mary Rouse. 



n-\v pt . 

. Oct. 9, I •'-32.. . 

William Smith. 



s-e pt . . 

. July 18, 1839. • 

P. C. Sherman. 



n-e pt . . 

. Dec. 29, 1836.. 

Archibald Griffiths. 



s m pt . 

. April 18, 1840. 

James Bloodgood. 



n m pt . 

. May 17, 1836.. 

Archibald Griffiths. 



.s-w pt . . 

. June 19, 1837. 

William B. Wemple. 



n-w pt . 

. Nov. 22, 1830. 

Archibald Griffiths. 



s pt. . . . 

. Oct. 14, 1 83 1 . . 

John M. Bull. 



n pt . . . 

. Nov. 22, 1838. 

Amos Stanbro. 



s-e pt . . 

. Mar. I, 1838. . 

Amos Stanbro. 



e m pt . 

. Dec. 29, iN36 . 

William Olin. 



n-c pt. . 

. Auo-. 13, 1836. 

Abraham Gardiner. 



s-w ])t. . 

. May 14, 1832.. 

H. J. Vo.sburo-h. 



vv m pt. 

. April I, 1839. • 

\W P. Powers. 



n-w pt. . 

. Sept. 13, 1836. 

Abraham Gardiner. 



e pt . . . 

.. Oct. 12. 1842.. 

John Cotrell. 



m pt. . . 

.| Oct. 12, 1842. . 

Joseph Cotrell. 



w pt . . . 

., July 18, 1839. . 

P. C. Sherman. 



m pt. . . 

. Dec. 29, 1837.. 

Arnold Wilson. 



w pt . . . 

. April I, 1839. • 

William P. Powers. 



e pt . . . 

. Oct. 26, 1836. . 

Alexander Butterfield, 



m pt. . . 

. Julv 18, 1839. • 

P. C. Sherman. 



w pt . . . 

■ July 8, 1833- •■ 

William L. J add. 



s-e pt . . 

. Sept. 25, 1837. 

Charles Wells. 

\ Seth W. Godard and 



-S-w pt . . 

. April 20, 1843 • 

( Eber Brooks. 



m p . . . 

. Oct. 17, 1837. . 

Benjamin Freeman. 



n-e pt . . 

. June 7, 1836. . 

Asa Wells. 



n-w pt . 

. Sept. 20, 1837. 

Jo.seph McMillan. 



s-e pt . . 

. May 5, 1832. . 

James Bloodgood. 



n-e pt . . 

. Dec. 30, US36. . 

William Smith. 



s m pt . 

.; Mar. 11, 1S35. 

James Bloodgood. 



s-w m pt 

. Dec. 27, 1836 . 

Josiah Graves. 



n m pt . 

. Dec. 21, 1838.. 

Moses W. Griswold. 



w pt . . . 

. . Jan. IT, 1837.. 

Seeley Squires. 



.s-e pt . . 

. . June 19. 1837. 

William B. Wemple. 



e m i)t . 

. Nov. 17, 1838. 

William B. Wemple. 



n-e pt . . 

. . Jan. 17, 1828. . 

A. Griffith. 



n-w pt . 

.: Feb. 15, 1834.. 

Jonathan Mayo. 






Date of Deed. 




w m pt. . 

April I, 1839. • 

William P. Powers. 



n-w pt . . 

Jan. 3,1838... 

James Wilson. 



e pt 

Dec. 28, 1837 • 

Mor. L. Badgley. 



em pt . . 

Nov. 13, 1837. 

P^dward Cram. 



w m pt. . . 

Aug. u, 1836. 

David Meeker. 




July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 



n m pt . . 

June 19, 1837. 

Rebecca Putman. 



n pt . . . . 

April I, 1839. • 

W. P. Powers. 


1 10 

5f npt... 

Jan. 18, 1851. . 

Phineas Scott. 



s-c pt . . . 

Dec. 26, 1837. 

John Griffith. 



s m pt . . . 

April I, 1839. • 

D. H. Chandler. 



n-e pt . . . . 

Nov. 27, 1837. 

Hez. Griffiths. 



n-w pt . . 

April I, 1839. . 

W. P. Powers. 



^^ pt 

June 16, 1843.. 

George N. Williams.. 



m pt . . . . 

April I, 1839. • 

D. H. Chandler. 



n pt 

\ June 14,1837 
( or 1836.. . . 

Homer Barnes. 



^ pt 

Jan. 21, 1833.. 

Abner Wilson. 



s m pt . . . 

April I, 1839. • 

W. P. Powers. 



n pt 

Auo. 23, 1838. 

Chauncey Dunbar. 



■'^ pt 

Jan. 31. 1837.. 

Josiah D. Graves. 



m pt 

Jan. 3, 1837... 

Ashley Holland. 



n pt 

Dec. I, 1823.. . 

Samuel Bradley. 



s pt 

Aug. 31, 1 810. 

Luther Curtiss. 



s m pt . . . 

Dec. 30, 1836.. 

Amos Stanbro. 



n-e m . . . . 

Feb. I, 1839.. ■ 

David L. Sweet. 



n w ni . . . 

Nov. 6, 1838. . 

John Gould. 



n i)t 

Mar. 7, 1857. . 

Hiram Mayo. 



Feb. I, 1839.. • 
F^eb. 1 , 1856. . . 

Erastus Mayo. 
Weston Waite. 


s-e pt . . . . 

Feb. 15, 1834.. 

Jonathan Mayo. 



w m pt.. 

Dec. 31, 1836.. 

James Curtiss. 



n-e pt . . . . 

Dec. 31, 1836.. 

Calvin Smith. 



n-w pt . . 

Dec. 20, 1837.. 

Prentis Stanbro, Jr. 



s-e pt . . . . 

Dec. 6, 1836... 

Dax'id Campbell. 



n-e pt . . . 

Dec. 6. 1839.. ■ 

Samuel Jocoy. 



s m pt . . 

Feb. 5, 1838.. . 

Arnold Cranston. 



n m pt . . 

Oct. 31, 1838. . 

Amos Stanbro. 



w m pt.. 

April 7, 1838.. 

Prentis Stanbro, Jr. 



w pt . . . . 

April 7, 1838. . 

Prentis Stanbro. 



s-e pt . . . 

Oct. 21, 1837. . 

Samuel A, Jocoy. 



s-w pt. . . 

1 June 9, 1838. . 

William Smith, Jr. 



Lot. Acres. Subdivision. Date of Deed 






































50 , 




50 i 


50 I 


50 ! 


50 1 


51 ! 


51 i 


51 j 


51 1 








52 1 


















55 ! 


s m pt . . . i Dec. 26, 1 833. . 
n m pt. . . I Dec. 25, 1838.. 

n pt I Nov. 21, 1837. 

s pt I July i<S, 1839.. 

s m pt . . . : A\n-'\\ 1, 1839. . 
e m pt. . . I June 16, 1845 . 
w m pt. . . I April 9, 1 828 . . 

n pt I April i, 1839. • 

c pt j July 18 1839. • 

m pt 1 Aug. 23, 1838 . 

w pt [ June 5, 1837. . 

e pt , July 18, 1839.. 

m pt j Sept. 22, 1855 . 

w pt April I, 1839. • 

s pt Dec. 28, 1836.. 

.s m pt . . . Feb. 6, 1833. . . 

m pt ! Oct. 10, 1829. . 

n pt : Aug. 27, 1824. 

s pt j Aug. 10, 1830. 

s m pt. . . ! Feb. i, 1834.. . 

m pt April 2, 1838. . 

n pt Jan. 6, 1836. . . 

n-e pt. . . . Dec. 27, 1838.. 
n-w pt. . . Dec. 27, 1838.. 
s-e pt . . . . ' April 2, 1838. . 
n-n-e pt.. June 17, 1835. 
.s-w pt. ..^ Oct. 17, 1833.. 
\v m pt. . Feb. 28, 1831.. 

e pt July 18, 1839.. 

em pt. . . June 12. 1838. 
n-e & m pt Mar. 26. 1853.. 
n-w pt. . . t April 2. 1838. . 

n-\v pt . . . Dec. 18. 1840.. 

s pt Mar. 26. 1853.. 

.s m pt . . . Mar. 10, 1841. . 

n m pt. . . July 24, 1853.. 

n-e pt.. . . ' Sept. 29, 1855 . 

n-w pt. . . Oct. 23, 1841 . 

Dec. 25, 1817.. 

w m & -s-e . J une 8, 1 849 . . 

n-e pt . . . . Jan. 4. 1839. . 

David Smith. 
Patrick Hogan. 
I Ephraim Needham. 

P. C. Sherman. 
' W. P. Powens. 
J George N. Williams. 
; Aaron Cole. 

D. C. Chandler. 

P. C. Sherman. 

Chauncey B. Dunbar, 
i Wheeler Drake. 
i P. C. Sherman. 

Julia Anne Abbott. 

W. P. Powers. 

David Shultes. 

Varney Ingalls. 

Varney Ingalls. 

Varney Ingalls. 

Abraham Fisher. 

Daniel Tice. 

Amos Stanbro. 

Zimri Ingalls. 

Zimri Ingalls. 

Caleb Ingalls. 

Amos Stanbro. 

Amos Stanbro. 

James Flemmings. 

Amos Stanbro. 

P. C. Sherman. 

Amos Stanbro. 

Philip Ferrin. 

Amos Stanbro. 

i R. C. Eaton and 

( Otis Butterworth. 

\\'illiam Smith, Jr. 

Ephraim A. Briggs. 

Stary King. 

Stephen Churchill. 

Edward Goddard. 

Jonathan Sibley, Jr. 

Orrin Sibley. 

S}l\'ester Abbott. 










61 ; 

61 i 

61 I 

62 ! 
62 I 

62 j 

63 I 
<33 : 


64 I 

64 ! 

Aches. Smnivi^iox. I Daye ok Deed. 












1 10 

50 1 


100 ! 

50 ^ 








j .s-w i)t. . . , 
.s-w pt . . . 


c m [)t . . . 
I s m pt . . . 

.s-w })t . . . 
! n-w pt . . . 

.s-e pt . . . . 
! .s-w pt . . . 

n-c pt. . . . 

n m pt . . . 

n-w i)t . . . 

s-e pt . . . . 

n-e ])t . . . . 

m pt 

w pt . . . . 

s-e pt . . . . 

n-e pt . . . . 

m pt 

M' pt 

e pt 

s m pt . . . 

n m pt . . . 

s-w pt . . . 

n-\v pt . . . 

s pt 

m pt 

n-e pt . . . . j 

s-e pt . . . . ' 

s-w pt . . . . ! 

m pt 

n pt 

s pt 

n-e pt .... ; 
n m pt. . . i 

n-w pt . . . I 
s-c i^t . . . . 
c m pt. . . i 
n-c pt. . . . 
n m pt . . . I 
w pt . . . . j 
m 6v: s-c pt 

Jan. 13, 1829. 

Oct. 20, 1 84V 

Mays, 1835^.. 

June 4. 1834. , 

Dec. 26, 1837.. 

Dec. 26, 1837.. 

Nov. 15. 1836. 

Nov. 5, 1841 . . 
' Feb. 22, 1836.. 
f Oct. 25. 1838. . 
I Oct. 18, 1851 . . 
I Sept. 14, 1836. 
I Dec. 26, 1838.. 

Dec. 2j, 1838.. 

April I, 1839. . 

April 19, 1837. 

June 27, 1838. 

Dec. 10, 1834.. 

Jan. 9, 1829. . . 

Feb. 6, 1837.. . 

Mar. 26, 1853.. 

June 6, 1836. . 

April I. 1839. . 

Oct. 3. 1836... 

Nov. s, 1836. . 

Feb. 7, 1838... 
July 18, 1839. • 

Feb. 24, r83i.. 
Sept. 13, 1845 ■ 
June 22, 1835 . 
April 2, 1838. . 
Dec. 27, 1831..! 
Mar. 6, 1828.. .j 
Dec. 1 3 or 30/36: 
Dec. 13, 1836.1 
Dec. 30. 1836. . I 
July 20. 1836. .1 
Dec. 30. 1 836. . I 
Dec. 30. 1836. .j 
April I, 1839. . 
Mar. 22, 1854. 

, Orrin Siblc}-. 
j Trumbull Carey. 

Sylvester Abbott. 

Caleb Abbott. 

William A. Calkins. 

Henr)' Smith. 

D. Lewis. 
! Carlos Emmons. 

Carlos Emmons. 

Alanson Wheeler. 
! Benjamin Wheeler, Jr 

Varney Ingalls. 

Benjamin \Mieeler. 

Caleb In<Talls. 

W. P. Powers. 

John House. 

Ebenezer Blake. 

Benjamin Fay. 

Benjamin Fay. 
; Nehemiah Fay. 

Philip Ferrin. 

Noah Townsend. 

W. P. Powers. 

Constant Trevitt. 

Thomas Stephenson. 

Amos Stanbro. 

Pardon C. Sherman. 

J. Southwick. 
Jacob LeRoy. 

William Field. 
Joshua Afjard. 
H. E. Potter. 
Joshua Agard. 
Abijah Sibley. 
Joshua Agard. 
Benjamin Sibley. 
Michael Curran. 
Moses Leonard. 
Oliver Dutton. 
Orange Wells. 
W. P. Powers. 
Elnoch N. Frve. 

2 5« 




n-e pt . . . . 

Date of Deeo. 



Mar. 4, 1854 . . 

Jesse Frye. 



m pt 

Oct. 27, 1836. . 

Enoch N. Frye. 



w m pt. . . 

June 12, 1834. 

Jesse Frye. 



s-w pt . . . . 

Nov. 8, 1852.. 

Jesse F'rye. 



n-w pt. . . . 

July 10, 1834.. 

James S. Erye. 



w 1 

Dec. 4, 1833.. . 

Isham & D. G. Williams 



e pt 

Dec. 4, 1833... 

Isham & D. G. Williams 



w pt 

Oct. 15. 1852. . 

William Weber. 



w 1 

April 18, 1838. 

Michael Smith. 



e pt 

April 12, 1838. 

Michael Smith. 



w pt 

July 23, 1839.. 

Tristam Dodge. 



w I 

Dec. I, 1855 • • 

Michael Smith. 



e pt 

Mar. 4. 1854. . 

Jesse Frye. 



\\' pt 

July I, [838... 

Abraham Van Tuyl.' 



s-e pt .... 

March 4, 1854 

Jesse Frye. 



n-e pt . . . . 

Jan. 28, 1854. . 

Morgan L. Badgley. 



w pt 

March 22, 1854 

Enoch N. Frye. 



' s-e pt . . . . 

Dec. 27, 1838. 

\ B. G. Kingsbury and 
( John Haveland. 



e m pt . . . 

Sept. 28, 1837. 

Luther Austin. 



s-w pt. . . . 

Dec. 28, 1837.. 

Jacob Hufstater, Jr. 



n pt .... 

Oct. 27, 1836. . 

Jacob Hufstater, Jr. 



n pt 

Jan. 12, 1839. . 

T. B. Marvin. 


Dec. 4, 1833... 

\ Daniel G. Williams 


w pt 

( and Isham Williams. 




Jan. 10, 1834. . 

John Williams. 



n pt 

March 28, 1836 

Aimer White. 



s pt 

Sept. 21, 1837 

John Williams. 



n pt 

July 18, 1839.. 

r. C. Sherman. 



^\' 1 

July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 



s pt ...... . 

Oct. 14, 1841 . . 

Daniel Green. 



" P 

Feb. 16, 1854. 

Morgan L. Badgeley. 



■^ pt 

March 4. 1854 

Jesse Frye. 



•^ pt 

Jul}- 18, 1839 . 

P. C. Sherman. 



n-\v pt ... 

Nov. 1, 1840. . 

Charles Watson. 



n pt 

Oct. 23. 1840.. 

Evert Van Buren. 




July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 



m pt 

Sept. 2, 1854. . 

James S. P"rye. 



e pt 

Jan. 2, 1856.. . 

Alexander M. Bruce. 



e m pt . . . 

Oct. 6. 1838... 

Amos Stanbro. 



m pt 

July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 



w pt 

Sept. 28, 1 841 . 

Charles l^ringle. 

Vinni till'. IIOLI,AND COMPANY. 





Datk of Deed. 




. Nov. 17, 1838. 

David Jerman. 



s m i)t . . 

. July 1. 1838 . . 

Abraham Van 'l\n-l. 



m i^t . . . . 

. lunc 25, 1842. 

Mile M. Baker. 



n 111 pt . . 

. Jan. 15. 1842. . 

Hosea P. Ostrander. 



n i)t . . . . 

. Feb. 7. 1838. . 

Alanson P. Morton. 



s pt 

. Jul)- 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman 



s m pt . . 

. March 28. 1843 

Moses T. Thompson. 



m pt. . . . 

Dec. 29, 1838.. 

Milo M. Baker. 



n-e pt . . . 

March 10, 1838 

Alanson P. Morton. 



n-w pt . . 

Oct. I I, 1837.. 

David Witherel. 



c pt . . . . 

Dec. 30, 1836.. 

Samuel Churchill. 



m pt. . . . 

Oct. 20, 1843. • 

Jacob Le Roy. 



vv pt . . . . 

July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 



■'^ pt 

. Oct. 23, 1840.. 

Everet Van Buren. 



m pt. . . . 

Aui^. 4, 1856. . 

Charles C. Empson. 



n pt 

. July 18, 1839.. 

P. C. Sherman. 




. March 15. 1851 

Frederick Whittlesey. 



e pt 

. June 2, 1838. . 

John Van Pelt. 



m pt. . . . 

Oct. 6. 1838.. . 

Amos Stranbro. 



s-w m pt 

Ma)' 26, 1855.. 

John Shear. 



n-w m pt 

. Oct. 15. 1853.. 

L. V. Nicholas 



w pt . . . . 

. Nov. 18, 1839. 

Charles Prini^le. 



s-e pt . . . 

. June 29, 1832. 

Eleanor Curtis. 



s-w })t. . . 

. Jul)- 1, 1838... 

Abraham Van Tu\-1. 



m pt. . . . 

. Dec. I r, 1840 . 

James Wheeler. 



n m pt. . 

. Sept. 27, 1854. 

Levi Wheeler. 



n pt . . . . 

. Dec. 20, 1838. 

Isaac Nichols 



s-e pt . . . 

. Jan. 24 1843.. 

Jeremiah Richard so n . 



s-e m pt . 

. Jan. 31. 1838.. 

Jeremiah Richardson. 



n-e m pt. 

. Dec. I I, 1840 . 

James Wheeler. 



n-e pt . . . 

. June 15, 1848. 

Jeremiah Richardson. 



n-w m pt 

. Dec. 29, 1836.. 

Jeremiah Ricliardson. 



w pt . . . . 

.1 May 25, 1839.. 

Jeremiah Richardson. 





spt .. 
s-w pt 
m pt. 
n pt . 
s pt .. 

Jan. 8. 1839.. 
Feb. 22, 1836 
April [, 1839. 
Nov. 8, 1839 . 
Jan. 28, 1837. 

Carlos Emmons. 
Carlos Emmons. 
D. H. Chandler. 
Varney In gal Is. 
Varnev Ingalls. 








50 1 





































































114 1 


114 ' 

I I 


e m pt . . . 

w m pt. . . 

n pt 

\\- 1 


m &n-w pt 
s-w pt . . . . 
s-e pt . . . . 
.s-e m pt . . 
e ni pt . . . 
s-w pt . ... 
s-w m pt. 
n m pt . . . 

n pt 

•'^ pt 

e m pt . . . 
n-e pt . . . . 
n-w pt . . . 
s-e pt . . . . 
S-A\' pt . . . . 
w m pt . . . 
e m pt . . . 

m pt 

n m pt . . . 
n m pt . . . 

n pt 

■^ pt 

c m pt 

w m pt. . . 
n-e m pt. . 
n pt 

^ pt 

n pt 

s-e pt . . . . 
s m pt . . . 

m pt 

n pt 

s-w pt . . . 
^■-e pt . . . . 


March 10, 1824 

March 10, 1824 

March 16, 1836 
June 17, 1835. 
Feb. 24, 181 5.. 
Dec. 20, 18^7.. 
Dec. 21, 1848.. 
Dec. 29, 1849 • 
Nov. 22, 1838. 
March 25, 1854 
Dec. 30, 1854.. 
July 18, 1839.. 
March 25, 1854 
Ma)^ 24, 1842. . 
July 18, 1839.. 
Dec. 29, 1835 . 
Feb. 12, 1836 . 
April I, 1839.. 
Aug. 26, 1830. 
Oct. 14, 1835 .. 
Feb. 8, 1832.. . 
Dec. 29, 1838.. 
Nov. 7, 1836. . 
March 27, 1846 
Jan. 7, 1837.. ■ 
Jan. 7, 1837... 
Dec. 31, 1836. . 
Dec. 31, 1838.. 
June 14, 1839 ■ 
June 20, 1849. 
Jan. 5, 1837... 
July 18, 1839.. 
June 2},, 1855. 
Feb. 23, 1853 . 
Feb. 23, 1854 . 
Feb. 23, 1853.. 
Jan. 3, 1837... 
March 14, 1842 
Jan. 20, 1848. . 

I Trustees of 1st Con- 

- gregational Church, 

( Concord. 

\ 1st Baptist Society 

( of Concord 
Jedediah H. Lathrop. 
Jedediah H. Lathrop. 
Jonathan Townsend, 
Amaziah Achniune. 
Phineas Scott. 
J. O. Canfield. 
Reuben C. Drake. 
Reuben C. Drake. 
Phineas Scott. 
Pardon C. Sherman. 
Elam Booth. 
Parley Martin. 
Pardon C. Sherman. 
Oliver Needham. 
Sellick Canfield. 
Daniel H. Chandler. 
Hosea E. Potter. 
Hosea PL. Potter. 
John Brooks. 
Lemuel H. Twitchell. 
P. B. Brush. 
George Winship. 
Peter Bradley. 
George Winship. 
William Dye. 
Worcester Holt. 
Palmer Skinner. 
Ira Woodward. 
Ebenezer Drake. 
Pardon C. Sherman. 
Abraham Van Tu\-L 
Samuel Wheeler, 
(i W. Hawkins. 
Ely Page, Jr. 
Varncy Ingalls. 
Peter Cook. 
Phineas Scott. 



Lot. Acres Subdivision Date of Deed 























1 12 

1 12 


n-e pt . . 
w pt . . . 
s-e pt . . 
.s-w pt . . 
n-\\' pt . 
n-c pt . . 
s pt... 
m pt. . . 

II pt . 
.s-\v pt . 
.s-e pt . . 
m pt . . . 
n pt. . . 
.s-e pt . . 
.s-\v pt . . 
s pt . . . 
s m pt . 
s m pt . 
ni pt . . . 
m pt . . . 
n m pt . 
n ni pt . 
n pt . . . 
.s-e pt . . 
s-\v pt . 
s m pt . 
m pt . . . 
n m pt . 
n pt . . . 
s pt... 
s pt . . . 

III pt . . . 
n pt . . . 
s-e pt . . 
-s-w pt . 
Ill &; n-e pt 
n m pt . 
n-\v pt . 
e pt . . . 
Ill pt . . . 
w pt . . . 
e pt . . . 


March 17, 1855 
Oct. 30, 1837. 
Jan. 7, 1839.. 
Jan. 7, 1850. . 
Sept. 28, 1850 
Dec. 24, 1836 
July I, 1838.. 
Nov. 26, 1842 
Aug. 26, 1853 
Mar. 18, 1852 
Feb. I, 1849. 

14, 1835. 

14, 1835. 

17- 1853 
10, 1853 
7. 1835. 
21, 1838 
20, 1829. 























1 84 1 

29, 1836 

3, 1839- • 
28, 1836 
4, 1854. 
I, 1836. 
8, 1856. 
8, 1856. 
I, 1853.. 
June 28, 1855 
Jan. 3, 1837. . 



„i, 1836 
Dec. 9, 1835. 
April 26. 185 I 
Nov 4, 1836. 
Sept. 2, 1828. 
Jan. 12, 1839. 
May 10, 1839 

Amasa Loveridge. 
Lewis M. Trevitt 
Phineas Scott. 
Phineas Scott. 
Phineas Scott. 
01i\'er Arnold. 
Thadeus Heacocks. 
Abial D. Blodgett. 
Thadeus Heacocks. 
William L. Adams. 
Uriah D. Pike. 
Theodore H. Potter. 
Hosea E. Potter. 
Hosea E. Potter. 
T. H. Potter. 
William Twichell. 
Solomon P. P'ield. 
H. E. Potter. 
Lemuel Twichell. 
Jacob LeRoy. 
Joseph Potter. 
George W. Thurber. 
Hezekiah Drake. 
Christiana Bridgeman. 
Lewis Janes. 
William Potter. 
William Potter. 
George W. Drake. 
Wheeler Drake. 
M. D. Scott, 
Marvin Hartman. 
Amasa Loveridge. 
Samuel W. Algar. 
Clark Carr. 
Josiah Alger. 
James Tyrer. 
Benjamin Trevitt. 
Sally Martin. 
Joseph M. Spaulding. 
Jonathan Spaulding. 
F. B. Marvin. 
J. r. (j. .Spaulding. 






84 i 






































50 ; 


100 i 


























1 1 [ 















m pt. 
w pt . 
s-e pt 
n-e pt 
s-\v pt 
n-\v pt 
s pt . 
m pt . 
n pt . 
s-e pt 
e m pt 
s-w pt . 
w in pt 
n-w pt 
s m pt 
s-w pt 
e m pt 
^\^ m pt 
n-c pt . 
n-w pt 
s pt.. 
n-c pt . 
n-w pt 
n m pt 
w m pt 
s pt. . . 
n-e pt . 
m pt . 
n-w pt 
e pt . . 
c m pt 
m pt. . 
w pt. . 
s-e pt . 
n-e pt . 
m pt. . 
s-w pt . 
n-w pt 

n ])t . . 

s pt. . . 











































3I; 1836 

1 I, 1839., 

2, 1839. 

12, 1835 

8, 1823. 

1 I, 1839., 

I, 1838., 

26, 1839 

24, 1823 

4. 1838., 

18, 1839 

. 21, 1836, 

I, 1838.. 

I, 1838., 

I, 1838., 

I, 1838.. 

3. 1837... 

31, 1838, 

15, 1 84 1 . 

7, 1836. . , 

12, 1839.. 

1 , 1 84 1 . . 
20. 1855. . 

24. 1855. 

9. 1844 •• 
7, 1839... 
12, 1851 . 

2. 1855.. 

17- 1855- 
1, 1838... 
26, 1856.. 
7, 1839... 

I I, 1812. 
28, 1857.. 
31, 1836 . 
6, 1836 .. 
I I, 1839. . 

14, 1820 . 

15, 1842. . 
23. 1851. 

Hira C. Lusk. 
Daniel H. Chandler. 
Benjamin Trevitt. 
Healey Freeman. 
Benjamin Trevitt. 
Daniel Chandler. 
A. Van Tuyl. 
Isaiah Pike. 
Isaiah Pike. 
Isaiah Pike. 
P. C. Sherman. 
Lewis Trevitt. 
A. Van Tuyl 
A. Van Tuyl. 
A. Van Tuyl. 
A. Van Tuyl. 
Samuel Fosdick. 
Wm. Curran. 
John S Fosdick. 
Ebenezer Ellis 
¥ B. Marvin. 
Pliny Wheeler. 
James Tyrer. 
James Ouinn. 
Joseph Dennison. 
Horace U. Soper. 
T. M. Briggs. 
James Tyrer, Jr. 
Benjamin Trevitt, Jr. 
A. Van Tuyl. 
Carlos Emmons. 
H. U. Soper. 
Samuel Eaton. 
Carlos Emmons. 
Asa R. Trevitt. 
Everett P'isher. 
Emery Sampson. 
T. A. Canfield. 
John Andrews. 
\ A. R. Trevitt & Levi 
( Ballon, Jr. 
Andrew Adams. 







Date of Deed. 



ni pt 

lulv I, 1838.. . 



n-c ])t . . . . 

Dec. 18, 1835 . 



n-w pi . . 

April I, 1839. • 



s-c pt . . . . 

; Sept. 21, 1836. 



s-c m pt. . 

1 AiifT. I I. 1845 ■ 



c m pt . . . 

Mar. 27, 1834.. 



n-c pt. . . . 

Jan. 23, 1839.. 



s-w m pt . 

Sept. 13. 1845 



.<-\v pt . . . . 

Nov. 19, 1853. 



n-w pt . . . 

Auo-. ,. ,838.. 




' April I, 1839. • 



.^ ni pt . . . 

Jan. 10. 1857.. 



n ni pt . . . 

(Jet. 14, 1842.. 




Sept. 16, 1822. 



e m pt . . . 

Dec. 29, 1836. . 



w m pt . . . 

Dec. 29, 1836 . 



n pt 

Aui;-. 18. 1825 .; 




June 25, 1838. 

34 ! 


e m pt . . . 

' July 22, 1833..! 



\\' \w i)t. . . 

July 22, 1833.. 1 



m pt 

July I, 1838...; 



n m pt . . . 

Sept. 10, 1840. 

35 , 


c & n-c pt 

Nov. 29. 1836.' 



.s m pt . . . 

Julys, 1839...; 



w pt 

July 18, 1839.. 

36 ' 


.s-c pt . . . . 

Mar. 20, 1833 .' 



n-c pt . . . . 

Oct. 20, 1843. • 



c m pt . . . 

July 18, 1839 ■ 



cm pt . . . 

July 1. 1842. . . 

36 1 


w m pt.. . 

May 24, 1843. . 



w pt 

Dec. 17, 1839 • 

37 ; 


n pt 

Feb. 2, 1855 . . 

37 : 


•'^ pt 

Dec. 15. 1855.. 



s m pt . . . 

Dec. 15. 1855 . 

37 ^ 


n pt 

Sept. 8, 1855.. 

38 i 


.s-w pt . . . 

Feb. 2. 1855. .' 

38 1 


n-e pt.. . . 

Mar, 31, 1854. 

^l \ 


n-w pt . . . 

April 1 1, 1845. 



s-e pt . . . . 

Nov. I, 1840. . 


A. Van Tu\l. 
Ezek. Adams. 
D. H. Chandler. 
Lewis Trevitt. 
Joseph Hawkins. 
Lewis Trevitt. 
Alphonso Cross. 
Jacob Le Roy. 
Truman Vanderlip. 
\ D. Burr and T. T. 
( Sherwood. 
Daniel H. Chandler. 
Truman Vanderlip. 
\ Francis H. Tattu and 
) M. M. Tattu. 
Lewis Nichols. 
Calvin Johnson. 
Joshua Steel. 
Ezekiel Goodell 
Israel Sly. 
Zeb. Simmonds. 
Luke Simonds. 
A. V^an Tuye. 
Phineas Peabody. 
Emery Sampson . 
William Sampson. 
P. C. Sherman. 
Emery Sampson. 
Jacob Le Roy. 
P. C. Sherman. 
Thomas Pound. 
Lat^rand W. Douglass 
Emery W. Sampson. 
Ciilbert C. Sweet. 
C hristopher Brick. 
Thomas Thiel. 
Jonathan Stearns. 
Gilbert C. Sweet. 
Truman Vanderlip. 
Urial Torrey. 
Ezekiel .Adams. 



Lot, Acres Subdivision. Date of Deed 





















































































e s & w pt 
n-e pt . . . 
s-e pt . . . 
s-w pt . . . 
\v m pt . . 
n-e j)t . . . 
n-w pt . . 
e pt . . . . 
e m pt . . 
\v m pt . . 
w pt . . . . 
s-c pt ... 
.s m pt . . . 
n-e pt . . . 
w m pt . . 
w pt . . . . 
e pt . . . . 
e m pt . . 
m pt . . . . 
w m pt . . 
w m pt . . 
w m pt . . 
e pt .... 
e m JO t . . 

m pt 

s pt 

s w pt . . 
ni pt ... 
m pt . . . . 
n m ])t . . 
n j)t .... 
.s-e pt . . . 
c m pt . . 
n-e pt . . . 
.s-\v pt . . . 
w ni i)t . . 
n-w pt . . 
s & w pt . 
.s & m pt 
n-e pt . . . 
n-e pt . . . 
.s-e pt . . . 

Feb. 3, 1834 .. 
April I, 1839. . 
March 5, 18 10. 
Sept. I, 1855.. 
Oct. 24, 1851 . . 
Jan. 5, 1856. . . 
Jan. 26, 1853 . . 
July I, 1838 . . 
Feb. 1 1, 1856. . 
July 18, 1839. . 
Nov. 5' 1855 .. 
Dec. 21, 1836. . 
Dec. 21, 1836 . 
April 8, 1856. . 
Oct. 5, 1853... 
Dec. 21, 1841 . 
Nov. I, 1841 . . 
Nov. I, 1 84 1 . . 
Nov. I, 1 84 1 . . 
Feb. 19, 1853.. 
Oct. 3, 1841 .. . 
Nov. I, 1841 . . 
April I, 1839. • 
Dec. 27, 1837.. 
Aug. 31, 1853. 
Jan. 20, 1855. . 
Sept. 6, 185 I . . 
May 3, 1856 .. 
Oct. I I, 1S56. . 
Sept. 6, 1 85 I . . 
Oct. 10, 1837. • 
Sept. I, 1856. . 
March 17, 1855 
March 27, 1852 
April 14, 1855. 
Oct. 29, 1849. . 
No\-. 1, 1841 . . 
Jul)- 18, 1839. . 
July 8, 1842 . . 
Dec. 16, 1842.. 
July I, 1838.. 
April I, 1839. • 


Benjamin Dole. 
Daniel H. Chandler. 
Thomas M. Barret. 
George Myer. 
P. Hagelbergier & wife. 
George Barrett. 
Jacob Myers. 
Abraham Van Tuyl. 
William S. Fessenden. 
Pardon C. Sherman. 
John Nichols 
Luke Simonds. 
Zebedee Simonds. 
Ira N. Fuller. 
Ezra H. Heath. 
Jasper Tabor. 
John Healands, 
J. How. 

Isaac Woodward. 
William Bates. 
James Collvil. 
Alexander Richley. 
D. H. Chandler. 
William Andre. 
George Vance. 
Jacob Heavy. 
Zacheus H. Preston 
Thomas Thiel. 
John L Unger. 
Jonathan Stevens. 
Truman Vanderlip. 
George Roth. 
Ira Stebbins, 
Ira Stebbins. 
Nicholas Reading. 
Orvilla Kirby. 
William Horton. 
P. C. Sherman. 
Michael Hagelberger. 
(jeorge Myers 
Abraham Van Tuvl. 
D. H. Chandler. 


I'ROM Till'; IlOLl.AXD ('OMI'AW. 





Date ok D ed. 







s-c pt . . . . 
n-e 111 pt . . 
n-\v m pt . 
!1-\V pt . . . 

April 5. 1839.. 
April 5, 1839. • 
Dec. 20, 1838.. 
April I, 1839. • 

Ira Woodard. 
Benjamin Rathbun. jr. 
Daniel Morton. 
D. H. Chandler. 


Concord has eight beneficiar}- and secret societies besides a 
lodge of Free Masons located as follows: five at Springville, 
two at Woodward Hollow and one at East Concord. The fol- 
lowing statistics relate to the several lodges : 


This society was instituted in December, 1879, with twelve 
charter members ; present membership, 112. The following is 
a list of the original officers ; James N. Richmond, President ; 
Mrs. A. Blackam, Vice-President ; Mrs. E. S. Van Valkenburg, 
Auxiliary ; William Stone, Treasurer ; A. R. Taber, Secretary; 
A. J. Moon, Accountant ; George R. Clark, Chanc; A. L. 
Vaughan, Advocate ; Rev. E. T. Fox, Chaplain ; P. A \'an 
\'alkenburg. Watchman ; William Blackam, Warden. 


The lodge was organized Jan. 28, 1878, with seventeen orig- 
inal members ; charter members, forty-one ; present member- 
ship, fifty-seven. The following were the original officers : W. 
H. Warner. M. W.; R. W. Tanner, G. T. R.; Philip Herbold, 
O.; George H. Barker, R.; George B. Clark, T.; John P. Myers. 

R. T. OF r., S1'RIN(;\ ILLE COUNCIL. NO. 5 I. 

Organized June 21. i87iS. with fourteen charter members: 
present membership, 135. The original officers were; J. W. 
Reed. S. C; L. D. Chandler. V. C; W. H. Jackson. P. C; A. 
F. Bryant, Chap.; Miss Ida Reed. Sec: X H. Thurber. Treas.; 
J. B. Flemings. Herald ; Miss Lizzie Billings. (luard ; N. G. 
Churchill, Sen. 


C. M. B. A. (Catholic Mutual Benefit Association), LOCATED AT 


The Association was organized in the Spring of 1879, with 
twenty-one charter members ; present membership, the same. 
The original officers were: Peter Weismantel, Pres.; Frank 
Weismantel, First Vice-Pres.; Nicholas Rassell, Second Vice- 
Pres.; Fred Fox, Treas.; John Bolender, Cor. Sec; Camille 
Hugel, F"in Sec; Marshall Demult, Marshal; Jacob Heire, 
Guard ; Victor Collard, Nicholas Rassell, Peter Heire, Matthew 
Metzler and Sigismund Schewrtz, Trustees. 


Organized Aug. 15, 1881 ; charter members, eighteen; pres- 
ent membership, twenty. The original officers were: H. P. 
Spaulding, Commander; J. P. Meyers, S. V. C; J. Oswald, J. 
V. C; O. M. Morse. Adj't ; E. L. Hoops, Q. M. George H 
Barker, O. D.; S. E. Spaulding. O. G.; W. H. Agard, Chap. 
C. VVaite, Surgeon; E. D. Bement, S, M.; \V. H. Warner, Q. 
M. Sergt. 


Instituted Sept. 14, 1880; charter members, sixteen; present 
membership, forty-six. The original officers were James Crans- 
ton, Chan.; Sterling Titus, Advocate; George L. Stanbro. 
Pres.; Charles Spencer, Vice-Pres.; B. E. VanSlyke, Aux.; L. 
A. Stanbro. Treas.; Libbie M. Van Slyke, Sec; Amelia Hor- 
ton, Acct.; Annis Titus, Chap.; Sarah Baker, Warden ; Morris 
Baker, Sen.; Edward Bayless, Watchman. 


Instituted May 28, 1879; charter members, twenty-seven; 
present membership, thirteen. Original officers ; George W. 
Briggs, Pres.; Job Woodward, Vice-Pres.; Charles Hartley, 
Rec Sec; Layton M. Goodcll, Fin. Sec; Philo Woodward, 
Treas.; C. C. Alger, Chap.; Charles Kn()wles, C; Myron E. 
Palmerton. 1. G.; Josiah Woodward, O. G.; W. M. Woodward, 
P. P. 


Instituted Ma\' 28, 1 880 ; charter members, twent}'; present 

NKWSI'AI'KkS. 267 

niciTibcrsliip, thirty, (^n'^inal officers: William Woodward 
Chan.; Isaac Woodward, Adxocatc ; l\rry T Scott, Pros, 
(amcs L. Tarbox, Vicc-Pres ; Mianda Tarbox. Aux.; Philo 
Wootluard. Trcas ; W. G. Clark, Sec ; Mrs. Viola Woodward. 
Acct.; Mrs. Susan Scott, Chap; Albert Potter, Warden; Mns, 
Anna Woodward, Sen.; Andrew Geif^er, Watchman. 


The first newspaper in the town was the Springville Expriss, 
l)ublished by E. H. Hough, commencing in 1844, continuing 
four years. 

The Springville Herald was started May 4, 1850, and had a 
long and influential career, ardently advocating the principles 
of tlie Whig and Republican parties. E. D. Webster & Co, 
were the founders, but after the second week Mr. Webster 
assumed the sole proprietorship, holding it until December, 
1856, when he disposed of the establishment to J. B. Saxe. 
The latter continued to publish the paper until 1863, when, on 
account of the excessive cost of publishing in war times and to 
devote himself to the ministr\- and to agriculture, he discon- 
tinued the paper. 

The American Citi'^cii, started in 1855, was published during 
the presidential campaign of 1856 by E C Saunders. 

The Poiiiy Weekly, a local paper, diminutix'e in size, was pub- 
lished by W. A. P'errin several months in 1858. 

In January, 1864, Augustine W. Ferrin, who formerl\' had 
assisted Mr. Saxe in editing the Herald, returned discharged 
from the army, in which he had served faithfully until physi- 
cally disabled. Leasing Mr. Saxe's office and procuring con- 
siderable new material, he started the Chro>neU\ wliich he pub- 
lished until March, 1865, when he was attracted to Buffalo to 
fill the position of city editor of the Express. 

The establishment was then leased b)- N. H. Thurber, who 
from March, 1865, until Januar\-, 1866, published the 'fribiine. 
Mr. Ferrin then bought the material and took it to Plllicott- 
\ille, founding the Cattaraitii^ns Repitblieaii. 

W. W. Blakcly started the Springville Journal March 16, 
1867, and has continued the publication ever since. Receiving 
from Mr. Saxe the old files of the Herald, he resolved to per- 


petuate the name of the respected predecessor, and therefore 
re-christened his "p^.'^er Journal and Herald. J. H. Melven be- 
came a partner in the enterprise in November, 1867, and con- 
tinued as such until March, 1873, v\hen he sold his interest to 
his partner. 

The Students Repository was for several months, be<^inning" 
in 1867. published in the interest of Griffith Institute by W. R. 
De Puy and J. H. Melven. 

The Local Ncivs, edited and published by J. H. Melven, long 
connected with the Herald 3.nd other papers, and F. G. Meyers, 
was started in Springville, Nov. 9, 1879, ^'''<^ i"^ ^till jDublished 
b)' the same parties. 

The first power printing press arrived in Springville in 
August, 188I, for printing the Journal and Herald. In Octo- 
ber, 1883, Melven & Meyers procured one for the "Loeal Neivs. 

The people of this and surrounding towns have shown their 
appreciation of local papers by giving a generous support. 
One of the strongest indications of the town's growth, prosper- 
ity and intelligence is the fact that about three thousand copies 
of these local papers, the Journal and Herald ?ind Loeal Neivs, 
are issued every week. 




The family histc^rics that fcjllow the general history of each 
town in this volume have been compiled at an expenditure of 
much time and labor. Diligent care has been exercised to 
make them correct, but, notwithstanding, in some cases desir- 
able data has not been obtainable, and some errors and omis- 
sions seem unavoidable. 

It has been the general aim not to indulge very much in 
eulogy, but to present the facts and let the reader draw his own 

Much space has been allotted to family records, not only to 
furnish general information, but to enable successive genera- 
tions to trace their genealogy. 

Much of the matter relating to pioneer times and other 
topics has been placed in connection with the family histories, 
as the relations of the persons with it seems to make it a more 
suitable ])lace to insert it. 

Ainaziali A.shinaii. 

Amaziah Ashman was born in Connecticut, in 1783. From 
there, he removed to Ontario county, and resided in the Town 
of West Bloomfield some years. He came from that place to 
this town in 1809. and located land on lot 4, township seven, 
range seven, on Townsend hill. He moved his family here in 
May, 1 8 10. John Stuart and his wife, another young married 
couple, came out with Ashman and remained one year and then 
went back. It took them three da}-s to come from Buffalo to 
Townsend hill. They had to cut their own road part of the 
way. The\' built a small house or shanty, covered with bark, 
and moved into it — -without floors, door or windows. 

At that time, there were no families either east or west 
nearer than ten miles, and the nearest on the north were at 


Boston, and, f)n the southeast, at or near Sprhigville. Mr. 
Ashman taught school occasionally in earh' time. He also 
kept hotel for a few years on his farm on Townsend hill. He 
served as a soldier on the Niagara frontier in the war of 18 12- 
15, and was in skirmishes and engagements on both sides of 
the river. He was once taken prisoner. He was at the burn- 
ing of Buffalo. He was Town Clerk the first year after the 
Town of Concord was organized, and when it contained Con- 
cord, Sardinia, Collins and North Collins, and was elected to 
that ofifice si.xteen years in succession. He also held the oflfice 
of Justice of the Peace for eighteen years, and frequently pre- 
sided at town meetings. For the first twenty-five years after 
its organization, he was one of the leading men of the town. 
He cleared and owned a large farm, on which he resided until 
he died, in i85i. He was seventy-eight years of age at the 
time of his death. 

His wife. Thankful Ashman, died March 14, 1881, in the 
ninety-fourth year of her age. She was a resident of this town 
about seventy-one years, which is a longer period than any 
other person ever lived here who was twent}'-one years of age 
when they came. 

Their children were : 

John H., born 181 1 ; married Frelove King; for second wife. 
Sally Turner, died in Illinois, September 1874. 

Hannah, born 1813; married Augustus Bonnel ; lives in 

Alonzo Curtis, born 1815; married Hannah Tj-rer ; lives in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ariette, born 1818; married first, Thurber, second, Saunders; 
died in 1854. 

Malvina, born I820; married John V'^arren ; he is dead, she 
lives in East Otto. 

Sarah, born 1822; married Samuel Wheeler; lives in this 

Levi, born 1825; died young. 

Alma, born 1828; married Cyrus Hurd ; lives in, this 

Alzora, born 1832 ; married Norman Cook ; died in 1855. 

Helen, born 1834; died 1845. 


John Albi'o. 

]o\\\\ Alhi'o, one of the two first settlers in this town, was 
born in Rhode Island, in 1776; in 1792, he remo\'ed to Sara- 
toga count\% N. v., and from there he enii<^rated to the Town 
of Concord, in 1807. He first located on lot forty-one, town- 
ship seven, rant^^e six, b\' the bi^ sprin<j^ where Luzerne Katon 
now li\'es. Wlien he first canie to this town, his famil}- con- 
sisted of his wife and three children — Emery D., Malvina and 
Maria. In the Summer of 180S, Mrs. Albro died ; at that time 
there was only one other famil\- in the Town of Concord, that 
of Chrif^topher Stone, who li\'ed about where Mr. Joslyn's 
family Wvc now, and there were no families h'vn'ni^ in an\' of the 
adjoining towns except Boston. At that time, there was no 
minister living an}'where in this part of the country, and the 
best that could be done to gi\e Christian burial to the departed 
was to send to Boston for Deacon Richard Cary, who came ten 
miles through the woods, accompanied b\- some of his neigh- 
bors, to lead in the funeral serx'ices. 

After the death of his wife, Mr. Albro went East and re- 
turned the second Spring. He married a second wife in Pitts- 
tord, Monroe county, N. V. He did not remain on lot number 
lorty-one but a short time, when he purchased the north part 
of lot eight, township six, range six, now within the corpora- 
tion, and moved onto it. He built him a log house near where 
the old hay-barn now stands, on the east side of BufTalo street, 
just south of the forks of Sharp street and the Tounsend Hill 
roads. He kept ta\'ern there and cleared up a farm. The first 
town meeting lield in the Town of Concord, when it contained 
.Sardinia, Concord, (^)llins and North Collins, was held at John 
Albro's log tavern, in 1S12. The first school ever taught in 
the Town of Concord was taught b}' Anna Richmond, in the 
Summer of 18 10, in a small log barn of Mr. Albro's that stood 
on the west side of Buffalo street, nearly opposite his house. 

Mr. Albro lived in this town over twenty years, when he sold 
out his farm to Mr. Jlewett and remoxed to Gowanda, where 
he kept hotel several years, h'rom there he removed to Wayne, 
Du Page county, Illinois, in 1S53, where he died Feb. 2, 1861, 
at the age of eighty-five years. His second wife died at the 


house of her daughter in ]-5uffa!o, Jan. 4. 1862, aged sevent\- 
five years. Her chikh'en were Ira, Ehza C, James R., Augus- 
tus G., Almyra. Jerome B. and Harriet C. 

Emory D. Albro resided in this town, but died in Wyoming- 

Malvina died in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Maria married Harry Keeny, and died in Warsaw, Wyoming 

Jerome B. went as a soldier, and died in the hospital in 
Annapolis, Md. 

Ira Aibro is a prosperous farmer in Wa)'ne, Du Page county, 

James R. is a farmer and lives in Clymer, Chautauqua county, 
N. Y. 

Augustus G. is a farmer and li\'es in New Brighton, Bea\er 
county, Penn. 

Harriet C. married John Benson and died in Buffalo. 

Almyra died in Gowanda, Cattaraugus county. 

Emory I). Albro. 

Emory D. Albro was born in Saratoga county, in 1802, and 
was brought to this town by his parents in 1807 ; he was married 
to Polly Seymour, May ist, 1824, and removed to Warsaw, 
Genesee count}\ In 1828 his wife died. He returned to 
Springville in 1851; married Caroline C. Cochran, P"eb. 14 
1847. She died April 1, 1879, aged sixt}'-six years, one 
month and seventeen days. 

Emory D. Albro's children were Elaenor, married to Mr. Bris- 
tol. Lives in Gainsville, Wyoming count}'. 

Hellen M., died in Buffalo, in 1854, aged twenty-five years. 

Gary R., married Olive S. Smith, in Illiiu^is, in 1861 ; died in 
1864 ; left one child. 

Plumb Albro, born March 26, 1841 ; Dec. 25, [866, was mar- 
ried to Ella L. Richardson, at West Concord, by Rev. B. C. 
Vanduzee ; have one child — Ellen E. Albro. He died at 
Gainsville, April 16, 1881. 

Rollin J. Albro, was married to PVancena Barnett, May 5, 
1 87 1. He died May 13, 1879, ''"• this village, aged thirty-six 
years and six months. Left one child. 


Lora, married C. C. McClurc, Jr. Tlicy live in Buffalo. 
Charles N., lives in Springville, at the old homestead. 
Byron C , lives in Canada. 

Joshua Aj^ard. 

Joshua Al4.ux1 was born April i6, 1789, in Connecticut, where 
he was married in March, 18 14, to Lucy Sibley, who was born 
fune 18, 1792. lie came to Concord in 1816, and located on 
lot sixty-three, township seven, range six, where he lived until 
his death, Sept. 18, i860. His wife having died June 9, 1831 
he married a second time, Nov. 15, 1831, Mrs. Electa Canfield, 
who died Feb. 23, 1880, aged seventy-eight years. By his first 
wife he had five children. 

Maria, born July 12, 1818 ; married in 1840 to Ira E. Drake. 

Mary, born Juh' 25, 1821 ; married in 1842 to Luman 

Amelia, born Nov. 9, 1822; married 1847. to Horace Lan- 
don ; 1861, to Judson Wait. 

Austin, born Jan. 9, 1825 ; married in 1852 to Emily Field. 

Hannah, born Oct. 21, 1828; married 1857 to John Hill; 
1870 to Marvin Field. 

By his second wife he had one daughter, Mellisa, born Apri[ 
4; 1839 ; married Marvin Field in 1863 ; died April 27, 1865. 

Mr. Agard was a prominent man in the early history of the 
town. He was assessor for many years and was an officer in 
the militia and Deacon of the Baptist church. He was also 
Supervisor of Concord. 

Kzekicl Adams. 

Ezekiel Adams, son of Joseph Adams, was born in the town 
of Old Salisbury, Mass., on the i6th -day of Oct.. 17 19. Piis 
father was a ship-carpenter by trade, but dying when Ezekiel 
was but fifteen years of age, he was left to shift for himself. 
When he had reached the age of eighteen years he was appren- 
ticed to a Mr. Hale, to learn the carpenter and joiner's trade 
The terms of his services were that at the end of his apprentice 
ship of three years he was to receive a freedom suit and a set of 
tools. Both the agreement and the reward were faithfully 
carried out. In the meantime his widowed mother moved to 

Plymouth, Grafton county, N. H. As soon or soon after his 



term of service expired he joined her there. In i8i2,he\vas 
married to Miss Mary Hickok. In 1816, on the first day of 
May, he left Plymouth in company with a brother-in-law for the 
Holland Purchase. They came through horse-back. After 
their arrival here and after visiting a few days among friends, 
both went to Buffalo to find employment Mr. Adams found 
work at his trade on the old Court House, then in course of 
construction. He received one dollar per day, x\fter his day's 
work was done his evenings were spent in sawing wood for the 
villagers, making nearly as much at this as he received for his 
daily wages. Mr. Hickok hired out to work on the brick-yard 
and by performing the work of two men he received double 
pay. After the close of the building season they returned to 
Concord and invested their summer's wages in securing a home. 
They bought James Pike's claim of 200 acres on the north part 
of lot thirty, paying him some $400 for the same (3n it a few 
acres were cleared and he had built a small log-house. 

That Fall both returned to Plymouth. Early in the new 
year Mr. Hickok was married to Miss Roda Pike and soon after 
they both set out for their home on the Holland Purchase, 
where they arrived on the twenty-eighth day of Feb., 1S17. 
They put their horses together and came through with a wagon. 
Adams and Hickok divided their claim soon after tlieir return. 
Adams taking north one-hundred acres and on this the remain- 
der of his days were passed. He died Sept 2, 1847, aged fifty- 
five years. His venerable wife survives, aged at the present 
writing, nearly ninety-six years. The fruits of this marriage 
were four sons and one daughter. Three are living to-da}-. \iz : 
Abner C, born April 6, 1820 at Concord. 
Andrew, born March 16, 1823, at Concord. 
William L., born Sept. 13, 1824, at Plymouth, N. H, 
Caroline, born April 28, 1826, at Concord ; died March 2, 1870 
Ambrose, born Aug. 10, 1829, at Concord ; died Jul}-, 1882. 

A. C. Adams. 

A. C. Adams, son of Ezekiel Adams, was born April 6, 1820, 
on lot 30, township 7, range 7, and lived with his parents until 
he was twenty years of age, when he went to Black Rock and 
hired out to drive team for ten dollars per month. In the Fall 

hto(;rai'iii(AL sketcfies. 275 

of 1 84 1, li(j attended school at the Siblc}- settlement to Augus- 
tine Sibley, teacher. In the VaW of 1842, he taught school at 
Morton's Corners, after which he followed teaching Winters 
and working at home Summers until 1850, when he married 
Elsie A. Chase, of l^oston. He then moved onto the okl home- 
stead and lived there two years, after which he moved to Bos- 
ton, where, in company with Truman Vanderlip and Seth T. 
Newell, he ran a tanner}' and dry goods store. In 1858, he 
commenced surveying, which he has followed ever since. Soon 
after he sold out and in company with George A. Moore, of 
Buffalo, bought the William Adams place of five hundred 
acres, where Norman Moore now lives, which place they ran 
for eight years. This he sold and bought the Mills' place, 
where he now lives. His children are: 

John O., lives at home. 

Alvin married Virgie Mason, anci li\es at home. 

Jennie L., married Charles Churchill and li\es in Springville. 

Carlton, lives at home. 

Clinton, lives at home. 

Ethan, died about 1872. 

Andrew Atlams. 

Andrew Adams was born in this town in 1823. His father's 
name was Ezekiel Adams ; his mother's maiden name was 
MaryHickok; his grandfather's name was James Adams ; his 
grandmother's maiden name was Mary Currier. Ezekiel Adams 
came to this town from New Hampshire in 1817. He settled 
on lot 30, township 7, range 7, where he owned and occupied 
land until his death, in 1847. Andrew Adams resides upon the 
land which his father settled upon in 1817. He was married 
in 1848 to Vanila Francisco. Their children are: 

Lenna R. 

Leona A., married Milton Trevett. 

Clellie M. 

Edwin Anwator. 

Edwin -Vnwater was born in the town of Collins Oct. 1 1, 
1854, lived in North Collins and came to Concord in 1857; his 
father's name is David Anwater ; his mother's maiden name, 
was Margaretta Basler. Thev emigrated from Wurtemburir 


Germany, in 1854; his father and mother are now living with 
him ; he is unmarried. The children are : 

Edwin, born Oct. 11, 1854. 

Mary, born July 18, 1858. 

Charles, born Sept. 14, i860. 

When Edwin was three years old, one afternoon he went out 
into the fields and strayed into the woods. Night came on with 
a snow storm, it being in the month of November, The family 
and neighbors searched for him until 2 o'clock A. M., and did 
not find him. In the morning the search was renewed, and his 
mother found him under a log that rested on a stump, he came 
out all right and gives this narrative. 

Henry Ackley. 

Henry Ackley was born in Guilford, Vt., April 26, 18 14. His 
father's pame was Henry Ackley; his mother's maiden name 
w^as Chloe C. Putnam. Mr. Ackley came to this town when 
two years of age with his mother, and Uncle Daniel Putnam, 
the latter locating on lot 38, range 7, township 7. Mr. Ackley's 
grandfather, Jcssee Putnam, having precceded them in 1 808 or 
'09, and located on lot 32, range 7, township 7. He died about 

1834 at Pine Grove, Penn. He- was one of our very earliest 
pioneer settlers. To illustrate the primitive condition of civil- 
ization in the early days of our town, Mr. Ackley relates that 
upon the death of his grandmother, Mrs. Putnam, about 1820, 
at the residence of his son, Daniel Putnam ; her remains were 
placed upon a rude bier and carried by men on foot through 
the woods all the way to the Boston cemetery, to be interred. 
Mr. Ackle}' has always resided in to\\n and been engaged in 
farming, excepting five or six years subsequent to 1842, when 
he was employed in Harvey & Weston's tannery, then situ- 
ated at what is now known as Fowlerville. He was married in 

1835 to Janette Drake. The\' had two daughters: 
Eouise, died in 1861. 

Emma, married to Alphonso Smith, in 1871. 

01iv<M* E. Alger. 

01i\er E. Alger was born in the town of Concord, Januarx' 
12, 1842; is an engineer by occupation; was married May 10. 
1864. to P'lorence J. Hinsey, of Pekin, Tazewell county. 111. 


His father's name was S. W. Alt^cr, wlio was born in the \car 
1803, came to Boston, Erie county, N. Y., in 1826, and served his 
time as an apprentice with Hatch & Alger, tanners, and settled 
in Concord in 1830. His mother's maiden name was Louisa 
Carr, who was a dau<^hter of Elder Clark Carr. 

David D. Barrett. 

Mr. Barrett's father, Thomas M. Barrett, was born at Wood- 
stock, Conn., March 20, 1777; from there he moved to the vil- 
lage of Schenevus, Otsego county, N. Y., where he was mar- 
ried to Hannah Chase, daughter of one of the first settlers of 
Otsego, and sister of Judge Chase of that county. In 1810 he 
removed with his family to Concord, settling on lot fort}', in the 
northwest part of the town. He bought his land of the Hol- 
land Company, paying $90 for fifty acres, and taking a deed, 
his deed being the first one given for land in the territory com- 
prising the present town of Concord, previous settlers simply 
having their land articled to them as it was termed. Mr. Bar- 
rett came with a span of horses and cut the first road through 
from the Boston Valley road on to Horton Hill. When set- 
tled in his new home he found himself surrounded for a con- 
siderable distance on either side by the primeval forest, as yet 
undisturbed by man. He related that in going in search of his 
cows, he sometimes found them feeding quieth' in company 
with a herd of five or six deer. 

Although meager educational prixilcges found Mr. Barrett at 
20 years of age with scarcel)' the rudiments of an education ; 
his energy and perseverance secured sufficient education so that 
he taught school and understood surveying. He brought a 
compass with him to Concord, but ne\XM- practiced surve)-ing. 
He was the first Supervisor of the original town of Concord, 
and held the ofifice eight years. He was also Supervisor of the 
present town of Concord eight years. The title of Major he 
acquired from the position he held in the militia while a resi- 
dent of Otsego count}'. He lived where he first located till his 
death in September, 1844. His wife died in 1867 or 1868. 
They had a family of twelve children, six girls and six boys. 
The five oldest were born in Otsego county : their names were 
Betsey, Clarissa, George, Liberty, Manly, Temperance, Josiah, 


Hannah, Reuben, lH?iy, Elvira and David. They all lived to 
years of maturity, but Reuben and David are the only ones 
now living. 

David D. Barrett was born March 20, 1829, in Concord, in 
which town and Colden he has since been a resident. He is a 
farmer by occupation, and in 1882 was the candidate of the 
Greenback party for County Clerk. He married Sophina Pike, 
daughter of Isaiah Pike. They have no children, except an 
adopted daughter. 

The Brigg-s Family. 


Captain Samuel Briggs li\-ed in Taunton, Mass., during the 
time of the Revolution. In his \-ounger da}-s he was Captain 
of a whaling vessel that sailed from New Bedford, Mass. His 
wife's maiden name was Ruth Paul. In after years he removed 
from Taunton to P'ranklin county, and bought a farm and mills 
on Miller river in the town of Orange. On a certain occasion, 
during a flood, he was attempting to save some logs which 
were going over the dam, when he was struck by one of the 
logs and knocked over the dam upon the rocks below and 
killed. Captain Tyrer, an early settler in this town who was at 
that time a young man and worked for Captain Briggs, ran 
down and picked him up and carried him to the house. Cap- 
tain Brigg's widow came to this town in 18 16, and lived until 
1830, when she died at the age of eighty-five years. 


His children were five boys: John, Samuel, Shubel, Simeon 
and Ephraim A., and three girls : Sylva, Nancy and Ruth. All 
of the boys except the youngest lived and died in Massachu- 
setts. Sylva married Sylvenus Bates. They moved here in 
the winter of 181 1 and 18 12 on an ox-sled from Massachusetts 
and settled in Collins where she died. Nancy married John 
Cobb. About 18 16, John Cobb with his family came here, 
went to Olean and floated down the Allegheny and (3hio and 
went up the Wabash to Crawford county, 111., where they set- 
tled and lived and died. They had a large family of children. 
One of them, Amasa Cobb, enlisted in the time of the Mexi- 
can war. After his return he studied law and was elected to 
the State Legislature of Wisconsin, first to the Assembly then 
to the Senate. When the late war broke out he raised a regi- 
ment and was appointed Colonel, and served under McClellan 
in the Peninsular campaign, after which he was promoted to 
Brigadier General. When he came home he was elected to 
Congress twice from Wisconsin. After a few years he removed 
to Lincoln, Neb., where he is now one of the Judges of the 
Supreme Court. 

Ruth married Nathan Godclard. 

Ephraim Alien Briggs. 

Ephraim Allen Briggs was born in Taunton, Plymouth 
county, Mass., in 1783. He went with his parents to Orange, 
Franklin county. In 1806, he was married to Sally Townsend, 
of the town of New Salem, Franklin county, and they resided 
there until 18 15. They had five children born in Massachu- 
setts. They came here with horses and wagon, and were four 
weeks on the road, and settled on Townsend Hill on the east 
part of lot sixty, township seven, range six, and cleared up a 
farm. In 1839, they removed to the middle part of the unim- 
proved lot fifty-three, township seven, range six, and cleared up 
another farm on which the\- resided until his death, which 
occurred on the 25th of February, 1 861. He was seventy-eight 
years of age at the time of his death. After several years she 
went west to visit her children in Wisconsin and Minnesota, 
where she died at the residence of her daughter, Sally Briggs 
Canfield, in Waseca county, Minn., June 25, 1869. 


After a long life of useful toil they rest from their labors. 
They came here when the country was almost an unbroken 
wilderness, and they labored earnestly and continuously and 
cleared up two farms, and reared a large family of children. 
Although they never possessed a very large amount of this 
world's goods, yet they were generous and free-hearted, and no 
one in need who desired aid went away from their door empty 
handed, and the same might be said of most of the old pion- 
eers. My mother always enjoyed excellent health, and she 
endured and accomplished very much, beside doing the neces- 
sary household work and caring for a large family of children 
she spun and wove and frequently consumed the mid-night oil 
over her work. She carried us all safely through the measles, 
scarlet fever and other ailments, and doctors were very seldom 
seen at our home. Throughout her life of crowded care she 
did not worry or scold, but quietly and pleasantly pursued the 
even tenor of her way. She never spoke evil of others, but 
always found something in the character of every one that was 
entitled to a kind word. In life she "fought the good fight 
and kept the faith," and she approached the grave " soothed 
and sustained by an unfailing trust in the life to come." 

Their children were : 

Mary Elvira, born May 9, 1 808. 

Ephraim T., born June 8, 18 10. 

Sylvia, born August 5, 181 1. 

Thomas M., born March 23, 1813. 

Jonathan, born Eebruary 12, 1815. 

Erasmus, born August 31. 1818. 

Suel, born Ajjril 7, 1820. 

Sally, March 17, 1823. 

Cindcrrella, born October 5, 1825. 

Christopher, born March 21, 1828.. 

Chandler C, born Jul}^ 20, 1830. 

Mary Elvira married William Field and died March 19, 1847. 

Ephraim T. married Jane Flemings. He was a carpenter and 
joiner by trade and also a farmer, and was at one time Captain 
of the Springville Rifle Compan)-. He died June 30, 1848, 
aged thirty-eight years. 

Their children were : 

bio(;rai'hical sketches. 281 

Jane Ann, George W., Maria S. and Viola. 

Jane Ann followed teaching for several years previous to her 
marriage and was an excellent teacher. She married William 
Baker of Buffalo, and died July 16, 1865, aged thirt\'-t\\o years 
and four months. 

Maria S. was also a teacher and died Januar)- 31. 1865, aged 
nineteen years and nine months. 

George W. died young. 

Viola married Ira C. Woodward and resides in Springviile. 

Sylvia married Stary King. 

Thomas M. married Phcebe Spaulding ; he is a farmer, and 
resides in La Crosse county, Wisconsin. They reared a family 
of seven children — Allen, George, Morris, Adelia, Fayette, 
Sarah and Chancey, who are all living in Wisconsin, except 
Fayette, who died in 1870. 

Jonathan is unmarried, and his principal business has been 
teaching here and in the West, in which calling he has been 
very successful. When gold was discovered in Colorado he 
was among the first who went there to engage in mining. He 
is now and has been for several years engaged in teaching in 
Garnavillo, Clayton county, Iowa. 

Erasmus lives in Springviile. 

Suel married Phoebe Ballou ; he is a farmer, and li\es in La 
Crosse county, Wisconsin. He has been elected Justice of the 
Peace and Supervisor a number of times, and was also once 
elected Assemblyman. 

Sally married Orville S. Canfield, and lives in Wanseca 
county, Minn. 

Cindcrrella married William Smith, and died Jul\- 5th, 1874, 
aged forty-eight years, nine months. 

Christopher married Jane Colburn. He is a farmer, and 
lives in West valley, Cattaraugus county. They have one child, 
Charlotte, who married John West, and lives near West valley. 

Chandler C. married IMioibe J. Woodward, in Concord, Oct. 
5, 1853. She was born in North Collins in 1834. He is a far- 
mer, and lives near Blue-earth City, Minn. They have two 
children : 

Arthur A., born July i8th, 1859. 

Suel C, born Nov. 29th, 1865. 


Julius Benieiit. 

Julius Bcment was born in Oneida county, N. Y., in 1789. 
He came to this town from there in 181 1, driving a yoke of 
oxen all the way. He stopped in Buffalo three months 
and cut cord wood, reaching this town in August. He bought 
land on lot 11, range 6, township 7, upon which he always 
resided until his death, in 1876. He was married in 1824 to 
Sallie Chafee 

Their children were : 

Diana Bement, married Sherman Jacobs. 

Roxana Bement, married Daniel Willson ; reside in Illinois; 

Lucinda Bement, married Franklin Blake ; reside in Orleans 
county, N. Y.; merchant. 

Elmore Bement. 

Albert Bement, married Esther Twichell ; reside in Golden ; 

Edward D. Bement, married Sophia Wilson ; reside in 
Springville; barber. 

Elmore Beineut. 

Elmore Bement was born in this town in 1834. At twenty 
years of age Mr. Bement went to California via Nicarauga, and 
engaged in gold mining, which he pursued for five years, when 
he returned via Panama and engaged for two years in the grain 
commission business at Chicago. In 1861' he again visited Cal- 
ifornia, via the Isthmus, and remained about five years, devoting 
his time to gold and silver mining, lumbering and the duties of 
a soldier. He was sixteen months in the volunteer service of 
the United States army, being attached to Company G, Second 
regiment California cavalry. The movements of his regiment 
led him into the wilds of Arizona and Nevada. Mr. Bement's 
experience and observations on the Pacific slope have been 
varied and extensive. He now resides in town and is a farmer. 
He was married in 1867 to W'ilhelmina Splattar. They have 
three children : 

First — Frank C. 

Second — George L. 

Third— Carlotta M. 


Wells Brooks. 

Wells Brooks was born in 1804. In an carl\- dax' his parents 
came to the town of Boston. Subsequently tiiey removed to 
this town. Wells, when a young man, taught school occasion- 
ally. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced 
his profession for eighteen or twenty years in this town. While 
living here he held the office of Justice of the Peace, was twice 
elected Member of the A.ssembly, and in 1849 was elected 
County Clerk of Erie county, and removed to Buffalo. He 
was afterwards elected to the office of Supervisor from 
the Tenth ward for several terms. Mr. Brooks was a good law- 
yer and possessed fine talents and sound judgment. In all 
positions and relations of public life he enjoyed an enviable 
reputation, and deserved praise for the fidelity and ability he 
manifested in the discharge of his duties. Mr. Brooks married 
Helen McMillen, daughter of Joseph McMillen of this town, 
Jan. I, [833. 


Wells Brooks, born April 21, 1804: died Dec, 23, 1859. 
Helen McMillen, born Nov. 30, 18 14; died Feb. 26, 1872. 


Imogene, born Sept, 4, 1835; died March 13, 1841. 
Preston, born March 17, 1837; died Oct. 23, i860. 
Sarah, born Dec. 21, 1S31 ; died June 6, 1^64.. 
Howard, born Aug. 14, 1839. 
Henry Wells, born Nov, 13, 1840. 
Willis Herbert, born Jan. 12, 1843. 
Helen McMillen, born Dec. 16, 1844. 

Henry W. Brook.s. 

Henry W. Brooks, son of Wells Brooks and Helen McMillen 
Brooks, was born in Springville in 1841. When he was five 
years of age his parents removed to Buffalo, where he lived 
until 1875, when he became a resident of Springville. He was 
one of a family of seven children, three of whom are living — 
Henry W., the subject of this sketch, Willis H., who resides in 
Kent county, Mich., and Helen M., who married Charles G, 


Coss, and resides in Glean, X. V. The three oldest, Imogene, 
Preston and Sarah, are dead. Howard, the youngest, was 
drowned near St. Louis, Jul}' 4, 1881. 

Henry W. Brooks was married in 1863 to Amanda J. Hart- 
man. They have five children living: Robert W., Lillian W., 
Henry \\\ jr.. William M. and Charles \V. 

They have lost two — Sarah A. and May. 

Eaton Beiisley. 

Eaton Bensley was a soldier in the war of 181 2. He came 
to this town from Herkimer county, N. Y., in the Spring of 
1 8 16, and built a saw mill near the mouth of Spring brook, and 
engaged in farming. He resided in town until his death, in 
1878. He was twice married, first to Sophia Russell, by wiiom 
he had six children, as follows : 

John R. Bensley, died when a child. 

George E. Bensley, married Anna L. Tanner; is in the grain 
commission business at Chicago. 

D, Cytherea Bensley, married Rev. L. W. Olney ; reside in 
^ S. Vestina Bensley, married x\lanson Chaffee ; both are dead. 

John R. Bensley, married Mary A. White, first wife ; Au- 
gusta Euller, second wife ; is in the grain commission business 
at Chicago. 

]-: Sophia Bensley, married Herbert Scoby ; reside in Union- 
town, Kansas. 

Mr. Bensley's second wife was Agne.s McCaa, by whom he 
had seven children, as follows : 

^- Agnes L Bensley, married Madison C. Scob}', stock dealer in 

Mary J. Bensley, married Elbert Cornwall, first husband ; M. 
L. Price, second husband ; United States surgeon, in Texas. 

David W. Bensle}', married Luc\- H. Twichell ; hardware 
merchant at Springville. 

Malona Bensley, died in 1.^59. 

Louis K. Bensley, grain shipper at Denison, Iowa. 

Katie W. Bensley, resides at Chicago ; is a teacher. 

1!I()(;rai'iii(AI. skktcmes. 285 

J)jivi<l W. Bi'iishy. 

David W. Benslcy was born Nov. 9, 1845, near Springville» 
In 1864 he went to Chicay,"o and engaged for eleven years in 
the grain business, when he returned to Springville and became 
a hardware merchant. He was married in 1^74. They have 
four children, as follows: Agnes H., William Iviton, Bernes L. 
and Lucy. 

Mr. Benslcy's mother, Mrs. Agnes Iknisley, died April 7, 
1880, aged sixt)^-seven years ten months. 

Mr. D. W. Henslc}- died in the Spring of 1883. 

Slam Bootli's Statement. 

I came to this town in February, 18 17, was not married at 
that time. I came from Tolland county, Conn., with John 
Brooks. We came with a yoke of oxen and span of horses, 
and were five weeks on the road. We came in the Spring to 
the Susquehanna river, Penn., staid there till the next Winter 
and then came through by way of Painted Post, Cayuga lake, 
Canandaigua and on to Buffalo. We staid at Heacox's tavern 
and next day went out to the Indian village and staid over 
night. We had to ford one branch of Buffalo creek, the ice 
was running. We got stuck in the creek, had to unload part 
of our goods, and wade out with them on our backs. Next 
day we got as far as Green's tavern, two miles south of Potter's 
Corners (Hadwin Arnold place) and staid over night. Next 
day came to Boston Corners and staid at Torrey's. Next day 
went up to where the State road and the valley road fork where 
Brooks had made a location and put up a shanty. 

I was born in May, i8oi,and was in mj- sixteenth year. I 
taught the first school in the Sibley neighborhood in the Win- 
ter of 1817-18, it was not an organized district school for there 
was no district organized at that time. I think the Sibley 
school house was built about 1821, and I think Mahala Eaton 
Mrs. Butterworth) taught the first Summer school in the new 
house, and Oliver Needham the first Winter school. I tausfht 
the Liberty Pole school in the Winter of '22-'23, the Townsend 
Hill school in the Winter of '24-'2 5, and in the Sibley district 
in '26-'27. 


Mr. Booth died Nov. 2, 1882, aged eighty-one years, five 
months and eight days. 

Warren Booth. 

Warren Booth was born in this town September 13, 1836, 
His father's name was Elam Booth. His mother's maiden 
name was Sibyl Ingalls. He has always resided in town, is a 
farmer by occupation. He was married in 1864 to Dora Rob- 
inson. Their children are : 

Nettie L., born April 10, 1870. 

Day E., born Aug. 26, 1878. 

Mr. Booth is a member of the A. O. U. W., and Past Select 
Counselor of Boston Lodge No. 79, Royal Templar of Tem- 

Morgan L. Batlgley. 

Mr. Badgley was born in Cortlandville, Cortland county, in 
this State, December 29, 1808. In 1831 he removed to Buffalo- 
and was employed in the drug store of Messrs. Pratt, Allen & 
Co., and soon thereafter he became one of the proprietors. In 
August, 1832, he was married to Miss Harriet A. Colton. In 
1835 ^^^ removed with his wife and child to Springville and 
entered into business. He came to Springville as the principal 
clerk and manager of the business of his brother-in-law, Manly 
Colton, then a merchant and the builder and owner of the 
mill still known as the Colton mill, on Main street. In 1836-7 
Mr. Colton failed as did many others at that time. Mr. Badgley 
suffered much by the failure. However he was enabled soon 
after to engage in the mercantile business. 

By his ability and integrity he soon gained the confidence of 
the citizens of this communit}' and prospered in his business to 
such an extent that he in the course of time accumulated a 
large property. He was in the mercantile business tor a long- 
time, and at one time owned the Colton mill. In the latter 
part of his life he loaned money and dealt in notes and mort- 
gages. He was kind to the poor and persons in sickness and 
distress. He and his wife suffered the great affliction of their 
lives in the death of their only son Heniy, who died May 10, 
1845, aged eleven years and seven months. The shadow cast 
by his early death never departed from their lives. 


Mr. Badijlcy died March i8, 1878, in the seventieth year of 
his age. 

Mrs. Badi^ley continues to reside at her home in Springville 

Henry M. Blackmar. 

The ancestors of the Blackmar famil)' were of En<4iish descent. 
The}- located at an early day near the Connecticut River, in 
Connecticut, from whence Mr. Blackmar's grandfather, Martin 
Blackmar, emigrated to Greenfield, Saratoga county, N. Y., 
about 1780. He was a prominent and influential man and a 
surveyor ; possessing talent and skill suflficient to manufacture 
his own surveying instruments. He was accidentally shot in 
181 2, while hunting bears with others, in the Green Mountains. 
The bear-skin cap which he wore being mistaken for a bear, he 
became the unfortunate target of a brother hunter. 

Mr. Blackmar's father, William Blackmar, was born in Green- 
field, Saratoga county, N. Y., Oct., 19, 1805. In Oct., 1825, he 
came to Erie county, being a passenger on the first regular 
packet-boat that passed over the Erie canal. He li\ed in Ham- 
burg three years, where he learned the trade of carpenter and 
taught school. In 182 1 he went to Buffalo and served two 
years as jailor under Sheriff Lemuel W'asson. 

He was married in 1831, to Almira Chafee and followed his 
occupation in Buffalo and Hamburg until 1837, when he 
moved to Concord, where he has since lixed. He now resides 
with his son, Henry M. He has seven children li\ing, resi- 
ding in different states. 

Henry M. Blackmar was born in Buffalo, Oct. 24, 1831. 
When six )-ears of age he came to Concord where he has since 
resided. His occupation is farming. Mr. Blackmar takes an 
active and prominent part in public affairs. He was Commis- 
sioner of Highways eight or nine }'ears and twice, 1 876-1 877, 
represented with energy and fidelit}' his town on the Board of 

He was married in 1862 to L\'dia Ferrin. The\- ha\e had 
two children : 

Helen May, born March 20, 1867 ; died May 31. 1879. 

Roy, born June 29, 1872. 


Lothop Beebe. 

Lothop Beebe came from the town of Silasbury, Addison 
county, Vt., to this town in 1816, and remained two years, then 
started to return to Vermont. He stopped at East Bloomfield, 
Ontario county, and remained there about three and a-half 
years and worked at blacksmithing. He was married Feb., 
1820 to Sally Bemus and returned to Springville in June, 1821. 
He has lived in Concord about forty years of his life, and in 
Ashford about twenty, and has followed the business of black- 
smithing and farming. 

In 1825, he built a blacksmith shop on Main street, in Spring 
ville, extending from George E, Crandall's store to the west. 
In 1826 he built a dwelling house where Richmond's brick store 
stands, on the corner of Main and Mechanic streets. He car- 
ried on the business of blacksmithing here several years. He 
served as a soldier in the war of 181 2-1 5, in the eastern country 
and after he came here he held different ofifices in the militia 
and was made Colonel of the 248th Regiment, with Homer 
Barnes, Lieutenant Colonel and David Bensley, Major. Mr. 
Beebe and Mrs. Beebe are both living at East Ashford ; he is 
eighty-seven years old and she is eighty-two. Their children 
were : 

Martha, born 1822; married Hiram H. House; she died in 

Marshall, born May 1823,; married Caroline Fairbanks; 
he died in 1877. 

Maria, born Sept. 1826; married Hiram H. House ; she died 
Aug., 1854. 

Edward Cheever, born April, 1S23, he died Aug., 1861. 

Norman, born May, 1834; married Susan Davis; lives at 
Lake Christal, Minnesota. 

Sally Ann, born Sept., 1836; she died August, 1861. 

Elvira, born Jan. 17, 1840; married Jehiel D. Whitne)- ; li\"es 
in East Ashford. 

Dr. Moses Blakeley, 

Son of Moses and Phoebe Blakeley, was born in Bennington^ 
Vt., Jan. I, 1796, and in 1814 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Irene Washburn, and fourteen children were the fruits of this 
union. Nine of them, with the \'enerable wife and mother, are 


still li\inL(. He mo\-cd to the town of C^iilins in 1838, and for 
sixteen years he very successfully practiced medicine in this and 
the surrounding country. In 1854 he moved to the village of 
Aurora, where he enjo\'ed a lucrative practice in his profession 
up to the time of his death He served on the lines during the 
war of 1 8 12 and 181 5, and his venerable widow now recei\'es a 
pension for his services Dr. Blakeley acquired quite a local 
reputation in the practice of medicine. He died at his home 
in 1868. Family record : 

Isaac C, born Oct, 31, 1817; married Anna Tanner, Oct. 30, 

Angeline, born 1820; married Nelson Hills; died in 1877. 

Moses, Jr., born 1822 married Polly Beckwith ; lives in Mich. 

Ansel W. born 1824; married Caroline Adams and Viola 

Nancy, married Elijah Bull; died in 1862. 

Melissa, married Schuyler Jones; li\'es in Nebraska. 

Edgar, born 1827. 

Julia, married John Wheeler; died in 1872. 

Mary, married Robert Willett ; died in i8m. 

Andrew J., married Almira Tyrer. 

Wellington, married Emily Brandymore. 

Maria, married Joseph Wiser. 

Edgar and Edwin — twins. 

Dr. Isaac V. Blakeley. 

Dr. Isaac C. Blakeley was born Oct. 31. 1817, and came to- 
Concord in the }-ear 1838. His father's name was Moses 
Blakely, who died in 1868. He was a soldier in the War of 
1812; was at the Battle of Plattsburgh ; he was a practicing 
physician. His widow, surviving him, gets a pension. His 
mother's maiden name was Irene Wasburn. His occupa- 
tion is a doctor, has practiced medicine fort\'-two years. Was 
married Oct. 30. 1842, to Anna Tanner, who is a descendant of 
the Wilbur famih' of Collins. 

Emma A., born Aug. 19, 1843 '- niarried to James Wells. 

Mortimer C, born Nov. 10, 1845. 

Araminta A., born March 8, 1847; died Oct. 18, 1862. 

Ansel W., born Aug. 8, 1849. 

John W., born Aug. 19. 1855 ; married to Suella Doniker. 


Edgar Blakeley. 

Edgar Blakeley was born Nov. ii, 1827, in the Town of 
Java, Wyoming county, N. Y. His father's name was Moses 
Blakeley ; his mother's maiden name was Irene Washburn — 
both born in Burlington, Vermont. His father was a practicing 
physician. Was married, Feb. 18, 1847, ^^ Miss Anna Knight. 
His occupation is a farmer and dealer in live stock. The names 
of his children are : 

Alburtus E., born June 21, 1849; married to Annita Jones. 

Galen E., born Sept. i, 1852 ; married to Rosa Blakeley. 

Celia, born Oct. 22, 1855 ; married to Lindsey Thompson. 

Addie, born Aug. 18, 1862. 

Chester H. Briggs. 

Chester H. Briggs was born in the Town of Collins, April 25, 
1849, and came to Concord in the year 1878. His father's 
name was Oliver Briggs, who died April 30, i860; his mother's 
maiden name was Keziah Berry, who died Sept. 2, 1870. He 
is a farmer by occupation ; was married Oct. 22, 1873, to Mary 
A. Carroll, daughter of Patrick Carroll, of Angola. 

His brother Charles Briggs, enlisted in the Tenth New York 
Cavalry and served three years, and then re-enlisted for the 

They have one child, Frankie Briggs, who was born June 15. 

Ansel Blakeley. 

Ansel Blakeley was born Oct. 30, 1824. His father's name 
was Moses Blakele)' ; his mother's maiden name was Irene 
Washburn. He was married Dec. 31, 1850, to Caroline Adams, 
who died March I, 1870, and he was married to Viola Thomp- 
son, June 4, 1871, His children are: 

Ledra, born Dec. 25, 1855 ; died June 28, 1858. 

Sophronia, born Feb. 7, 1857. 

Duane S., born April 24, 1859. 

Elmer E., born July 2, 1863; died Oct. 9, 1871. 

Dee A., born Feb. 24, 1870. 

AVilliain Ballon. 

William Ballou, Sr,,was born in Richmond, Cheshire county, 
New Hampshire, Dec. 26, 1792. From there he removed to 


Rutlaiul count}-, Vermont, and from there to Zoar in Collins, 
in 1817, thus becoming one of our early pioneers. He resided 
in Zoar until 1844. when he moved to Sprini(\Mlle, where he died 
in 1866. He was married in Vermont, in 1813,10 Eunice Cook, 
daughter of William Cook, who settled in Zoar about 1815, 
where he kept tavern at one time. He died in 1853, Mrs. 
Ballou was born in the same town that her husband was, and, 
what is an uncommon coincidence, at the same date. They 
had eight children, the three oldest being born in \"ermont. 
\'iz : 

Hetsc}-, born in 1814; died in 1 81 8. 

Laura E., born in 181 7; married John T. Wells. 

Lucy S., born 1820; married Clinton Hammond. 

John, born 1822; married Mary Perigoo. 

William, born 1826; married Louisa Evans. 

Oliva, born 1828; married Da\id S. Reynolds. 

Philana married Jerome Barnet, 

Josephine, born 1837, died in 1863. 

William Ballou is an extensive jeweler at De Kalb, 111.: he 
has a famil}' of four children. 

James BloodgooU. 

James Bloodgood was born January 5, 1801, in the town of 
Columbia, Herkimer count}', \. Y. ; occupation, a farmer. 
Came to this town in June, 1827, was married (3ctober 10, 1830, 
to Nancy Vaughan, who was born November 30, 18 10. Her 
father's name was James Vaughan. Mr. Bloodgood has been 
a resident of the town of Concord for a period of fifty-five 
years. His history is part and parcel of the histor}- of many of 
the early settlers of Concord. Perhaps an extract from a pub- 
lication entitled. " The first fift}' years of the ^L^dison Uni- 
versity," is appropriate : 

" James Bloodgood, born in Columbia, Herkimer count}-, 
January 5, 1801, came to the Seminar}- in '24 and left in "27; 
settled as a farmer in Springville, Erie count}- ; married Nancy 
\^uighan of Oueensburg, N. Y. ; taught school much in con- 
nection with his farming. His only son graduated at Madison 
University in 1852." 

Referring to the same publication : 


Delevan Bloodgood, born at Springville, August 20, 1831, 
entered in '48 and graduated '52. Married at Washington, D. 
C, to Jennie, daughter of the late John Ruger. After study 
of medicine in Ann Arbor, Mich., and Philadelphia, Pa., took 
M. D. from Jefferson, Md., College. Studied at medical 
schools in Pittsfield, Mass., New York city and Buffalo, N. Y. 
Visited Europe in '55. In '57 Assistant Surgeon in United States 

His first cruise was of two and a half years in the flag .ship 
of the Pacific squadron, the steamship Merrimac, afterward 
the Rebel iron clad. Visited principal ports on western coast 
of North and South America, and the islands of the" Pacific ; 
in '60 ; at Boston Navy Hospital. Next in steamer Mohawk 
captured two slavers. In arduous service during the war in the 
Gulf. After battle at Port Royal, on transport Atlantic, con- 
veying sick and wounded north. In '62 Surgeon on the Daco- 
tah, watching the Rebel ram Merrimac ; cruised after Semmes 
and other privateers ; two years on the coast of the Carolinas, 
in chase of the Chesapeake. Detached from Dacotah, caught 
by Rebel raiders at Gunpowder river, Md., but soon escaped. 
Recruited in N(n\- York. In '65 made cruise on the lakes in 
the Michigan. In '66, on receiving ship Vermont, New York 
harbor. In '67 sent to the Jamestown at Panama, which was 
suffering from yellow fever ; the passage of sixt\--six days 
from Panama to San Francisco a terrible one, every sixth per- 
son having died. Spent following winter in Alaska ; next 
summer cruising on the coast of North America. Had a cruise 
on coast of Mexico in Lackawana, then ordered to Na\'y Yard 
New York, where he still remains. 

The Blotlgett Family. 

Abial D. Blodgett and famih- lived man\' \-ears and the chil- 
dren attended school on Townsend Hill. They were all apt schol- 
ars. They removed from this town about 1845 to McHenry 
county, 111., and settled near Harvard. Albert, the eldest child, 
enlisted in the army and went to Mexico during the Mexican 
war, and came homesick. He did not recover and died in 1852. 
Ellen married I'rank Diggins, Helen married I. E. Baklwin and 


Hattic married H. C Jerome. The)- all li\e at or near Har- 
\ard, McHenr\- c<)uiU\'. 111. 

Abial D. Rlod^ett died in McHenry cinintw in 1861. Susan, 
his wife, died in McHenr)- county, in i<S66. 

Dolo.s A. I51«Klj'«'tt. 

Delos A. l^lodi^ett was born in Otse<^o count}', X. \\ , and 
was brouL^ht to the town of Concord by his parents, when a 
child. He received his education in this town in the cominon 
schools and Springville Academ}-. He removed with his par- 
ents to McHenry count}'. 111. After he had started out for 
himself and obtained some means of his own, he in\x'sted the 
same in pine lands in Michiy^an, and continued to so invest for 
many years. i(S48 he engaged in the lumbering business in 
which he has continued ever since Besides a large lumber 
manufacturing establishment in Muskegon and extensive pine 
lands in the north part of the State, he has .several farms. Mr. 
Blodgctt is a public spirited citizen, ready to assist in any need- 
ful public enterprise. Though not a professor of religion, he 
built a church and presented it. a free gift, to the people of 
Hersey, the village in which he lived. His wife's maiden name 
was Jennie S. Wood. 

Their children are : 

John \V., aged t\\ent}'-three, and Susie R., aged eighteen. 

Mr. Blodgett has taken great pains to educate his children. 
His son, besides receiving a good busidess education, has 
attended the Militar}- Acadeni}- at Worcester. Mass.. two years. 

J. S. Baruett. 

Mr. Barnett's father, Gilbert Rarnett, was born in Bridge- 
water, near Utica, N. Y., Dec. I2, 1791. He removed with his 
family to Springville in 1833, and leased of Col. E. W. Cook, a 
site for a foundry ^\hich he built and had in operation in 1834. 
It was the first foundr}- in town, and the first work done was 
making the castings for tlie "Big" mill. He operated the 
foundry about four years then sold it to a Mr, Kennedy. Mr. 
Barnett died in Wisconsin, June 14, 1899. He was married 
November 16, 1812, to Betsey Dickinson, who was born near 
Utica, N. Y., February 23, 1794. 


They had eight children, namely : 

Jedediah S., born Nov. 15, 181 3. 

Frederick M , born March 26, 1817, died, June 14, 1856. 

William D., born Dec. 8, 18 19, died about 1870, 

Gilbert, jr., born Sept. 4, 1822. 

Elizabeth, born Nov. 29, 1824. 

Miles A., born March 18, 1828. 

Jerome B., born May 31, 1831. 

Lucy A., born April 13, 1835. 

Jedediah S. Barnett was born in Sullivan, Madison county, 
N. Y., came to Springville in 1834, While engaged in the 
foundry business with his father, he cast the first cook stove 
and plow made in town. He was proprietor of the foundry at 
Springville for a while and was employed for twelve years in 
the foundry at Gowanda, N. Y. He was married Dec. 25, 1839, 
to Lydia Demon. 

Have had four children . 

Morris D., born March 27, 1841 ; married Mary Hurd ; resides 
in Springville. 

Francena, born July 27, 1845 ; married Rollin J. Albro. 

Agnes M., born Nov. 27, 1848 ; died Sept 19, 1853. 

Albert M., born Sept. 2, 1859; married Lillian Davis, 

X. Boleiider, Jr. 

N. Bolender, Jr . was born in Varysburgh, N. Y., Oct. 7, 
1853; came from the town of Sardinia to Concord in the \-ear 
1876. His father's name is N. Bolender: his mother's maiden 
name was Catharine Bensinger; his occupation is milling; \\as 
married to Miss Julia Rose June i, 18 10. 

N. Bolender, Jr., & Bro., are the owners of a farm of eighty- 
seven acres, three-fourths of a mile south of Morton's Corners, 
upon which was a saw mill and flouring mill of four run of 
stones, with all appliances complete, and doing a good busi- 
ness. March 22, 181 2, the flouring mill was burned with its 
contents, consisting of grain of all kinds and seeds, with a 
quantity of flour. The mill was valued at $5,000, and about 
$1,000 in stock; A\as insured for $2,500. They have since 
rebuilt their mill the same size as before. They are also own- 
ers of a custom mill at Collins Center ha\^in<>' t\\\) run of stone ; 

I'.iocRAi'iricAi. SKi:T(.in:s. 295 

are also running;" a cider mill and shinL;ie mill in connection 
with the custom mill at Collins Center. There are three good 
dwelling houses on their farm. 

Anson lilasdoll. 

Anson Blasdell was born March 30, 1S41, in the town of 
Collins, Erie count)', N. V., and came to Concord in the )'ear 
1864: was married Nov. 15. 1873, to Miss Juliette Gaylord. 
I lis father's name was Ah'in Blasdell ; his mother's maiden 
name was Al/ana Irish ; his grandfather's name was William 
l^lasdell ; his grandmother's maiden name was Tamar Allen. 
Mr. Anson Blasdell says: My grandfather, although seventy 
years of age, enlisted in the late war in the State of Iowa, and 
died in a hospital in Illinois. He was a soldier in the war of 
18 12. The)' have two sons : 

Ja)^ born March 5, 1875. 

Lee, born July 22, 1876. 

Byron E. Bristol. 

Byron E. Bristol was born in Si^ringville in 1842 ; his father's 
name was Adoniram Bristol ; his mother's maiden name was 
Lucinda Harvey. Mr. Bristol enlisted Sept. 24, 1861, in Com- 
pany A, One Hundredth Regiment, New York Volunteers. 
He was Orderly-Sergeant of his compan)- ; he was first with 
McClellan's army in the Peninsula campaign, and took part in 
the battle of Fair Oaks ; he was afterwards transferred to Mor- 
ris Island, under the command of General GihiKn'e, ^\•hich \\as 
intended for the besieging of Charleston. In this siege he was 
sexerely wounded, four balls striking and penetrating his breast 
simultaneous!)', two of which have never been removed. From 
Charleston he was removed to Virginia, where he participated 
in the siege of Petersburg, at which place he was mustered out 
of the service Sept. 24, i^'64. 

Mr. Bristol was married in i860 to Julia E. Grover. They 
have one child — Frank E. 

AVarner Bond. 

The Bonds came from New Salem, Mass., nearl)- sixty years 
-ago, and settled in the north part of Ashford, Cattaraugus 


county, N. Y. Warner Bond's father, John P. Bond, bought 
land of the Holland Land company, on which he settled and 
lived until his death, Sept. 26, 1879. He was one of the first 
settlers of the town, a hardy pioneer ^\■hose dexterity in wield- 
ing the axe was rarely equaled. 

He married Sally Shultus. Of their children three lived to 
mature years : 

Abbie J., married Adelbert Tainter, and died in Ashford in 

Perry, died in 1871. 

Warner, who was born Aug. 7, 1846, in Ashford, where he 
has always resided as a farmer; was married in ib6g to Linda 
Goodemote. They have three children — Carl, Lula M. and 

tTosepli BrittOTi. 

Mr. Britton's father, John Britton, came to Boston, Erie 
county, from New Jersey, in 18 10. He served as a soldier on 
the Buffalo frontier, in the war of 181 2. He died in Boston. 

Joseph Britton was born in Boston, N. Y., Feb. 17, 1817; 
removed from that town to his present home in Concord, in 
1855. He was married in 1845, to Emily C. Rhodes. They 
have one adopted daughter, Mrs. Carl Waite, of Springville, 

Edward D. Benient. 

Edward D. Bement was a son of Julius Bement, one of the 
earliest pioneers of Concord, a mention of \\hom is made in 
another part of this work. The subject of this sketch was born 
in Concord, Aug. 8th, 1842, where he has since resided, except 
two years residence in Buffalo — 1 870 and 187 1 — where he was 
engaged in the flour and grain trade. 

Mr. Bement enlisted Aug. 3, 1861, in the i T6th New York Vol- 
unteers, Co. F. He left Fort Porter for the scene of the war 
Sept. 5 ; went into camp at Fort Chapin, near Baltimore ; 
left there Nov. 6, for Ship Island, off the coast of Mississippi. 
On account of sickness he was left off at the hospital at Fort- 
ress Monroe ; not recovering his health he was discharged on 
account of reasonable disability, Dec. 11. 1861, and returned 

lilOCRArillCAI, SKF/KHKS. 297 

He was married Nov 21, 1866, to Miss Sophia 11. Wilson ; 
they have one child, Burtic K., born May 21 1870. Mr. Be- 
ment was Collector of the town of Concord in 18S1. He is at 
present proprietor of a livery stable and a well equiped suite of 
barber rooms in Sprint;ville. 

IJlakcley Faiuily. 

John D. Blakeley was born in Greenville, Cireene county, 
N. Y., ini8i3, of New En<;^land parents, who, in 1815, when. he 
was two \x'ars old, moved to the town of Willink, now Aurora. 
He worked upon the farm near the village of East Aurora, 
teaching school winters, until 1846. Four years he was con- 
nected with a woolen-factory at West Falls. Moved to Spring- 
ville, Sept. 10, 185 1, where he has since resided, for the first 
few years in the harness business, then a spinner in a woolen- 
factory and a carpenter. During the last twent)'-two years he 
has been in mercantile life, and by steady industry and careful 
management has acquired a fair competence His son 

Walter W^ Blakeley, N\as born in Aurora, in 1846, is editor and 
publisher of the Journal and Herald, a local newspaper which he 
began publishing in 1867 as the Springi'illc Journal. He is also 
proprietor of an extensi\'e and well arranged book and sta- 
tionery store, and takes an acti\'e interest in movements that 
tend to build up the moral and intellectual culture of his town. 

flarvis Blooinficld. 

Jarvis Bloomfield was an early settler here. He was a farmer 
and owned until his death the mill now owned b}' C. J. Shut- 
tleworth. He had four children : Hiram, the oldest, lives near 
Rochester ; David C, lives in Sherman, Chatauqua county ; 
Maria, married P'rank Fargo, and lives in Warsaw ; Homer, 
when last heard from, lived in California. Mr.- Bloomfield died 
Ma\' 12, 1856, aged si.xty-eight years and eleven months. 

Samuel Bradley. 

Samuel Bradle\' \\as an earh' settler in this town, and built 
and managed the first woolen mills ever built in this town. He 
afterward bought, in compan)' with his son-in-law, Silas Rush- 
more, the Gardner grist mill. A few years afterward, while 
tendintr the mill at ni<>"ht, he fell from the stairs and was 


injured so badly that he died in a short time. None of the 
family or descendants have lived in this town for forty or fifty 

Charles E. Botsfoitl, C. E. 

C. E. Botsford was born in Syracuse, N. Y.. in 1837. When 
he was five years of age, the family moved to Yorkshire, N. Y,, 
and to Springville in 1847, where he has ever since held a 
residence. He attended school three years at the Springville 
Academy, where he developed a rare proficiency in mathemat- 
ics, which resulted in his becoming a professional civil engineer 
and surveyor. 

About 1856, he became assistant engineer in the construc- 
tion of the Brooklyn city water works. He remained in this 
position se\'en years, at the expiration of which time he gave 
his attention to the locating and construction of railroads for a 
period of ten years, principally in the States of New York, 
Pennsylvania and Connecticut. Besides being actively engaged 
in the building of railroads, he made a great many preliminary 
surveys. Among the roads which he assisted in building are 
the Rondout & Oswego, in New York ; the Sull'van & Erie in 
Pennsylvania, and the New Haven, Middletown & W'illimantic, 
in Connecticut. Of the last-mentioned, he was chief engineer, 
and also of the Rochester & Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Botsford has undoubtedly the largest prix'ate librar\- in 
Erie county outside of Buffalo. His collection now numbers 
one thousand volumes of standard works. 

Mr. Botsford was married in 1876, to Roselia M. Parmenter, 
a graduate of GrifTfith Institute. They have two sons, Charles 
and Heman. 

The Bhike Faiuily. 

Ebenezer Blake came to this State from Canada about 1816, 
and after stopping at several different places for a while, finally 
settled on Townsend Hill, in 1829, He reared a large family 
of children : 

Adonirum J., the eldest, died in Cuba, N. Y.. in 1843. 

John G. lives in Mount Carroll, 111. 

Rosina (Blake) Rowley lives in Springville. 

Benjamin F. lives in Gaines, Orleans county. 


Chirinda died in 1848. 

Louisa (Blake) Willis died in I <S6o. 

Charles E. died in 1873. 

Harn- li\'es in Rome, N. Y. 

Cephas lives in Gaines, Orleans county, N. V. 

Saphronia M. lives in Blaine, Porta<^e county. Wis. 

Sylvester H. Barnhart. 

Mr. Barnhart was born at Dickinson's Landin<^, Stormont 
county, C. W., Sept. 19, 1842. His parents were of Canadian 
birth. He received instruction in the hi^ijjhcr branches from a 
private instructor, and tauLjht school four }'ears in his native 
county, then relinquishcil the pursuit on account of his health; 
in 1864 he went to St. Catharines, C. W., and worked for 
three years at cabinet and undertaking' business ; from that 
time up>.to the present he has mainly followed the occupation 
of harnessmaker and saddler in \'arious places in New York, 
Pennsylvania, and in the cities of Cleveland, Chica<^o, Detroit, 
and Cincinnati. He is at present (1883) located in Springville. 
While at Corr\', Pa., he was engaijed for a while in the electro 
gold and silver plating business. He was also engaged for a 
hardware firm in Cleveland, O., for some time. 

In the manufacture of harness, Mr. Barnhart is a \-er\' skillful 
workman, his wcM'k taking first premium when ])ut on exhibi- 

<ir<M>rj»-e 1). I5ra<ltVn'd (Colored). 

George D. Bradford was born in the cit}' of New Orleans, 
La., June 8, 1850. At the commencement of the rebellion in 
1861 he joined a division of Rebel-General Longstreet's army, 
stationed in New Orleans, in the capacity of an officer's waiter. 
He filled this position until the occupation of New Orleans by 
the Union army, under General Butler in 1862, when he joined 
the Union forces, and became an assistant in the One Hun- 
dred and Si.xteenth regnnent New York volunteers, with 
which he remained during all the hard-fought battles in which 
it took part and until the close of the war in 1865, when he 
came to Springville with Capt. Charles F. Crary ; after Captain 
Crar}''s death he became an inmate of Mr, J. N. Richmond's 


family, and expresses thanks for their kindness and the educa-- 
tional privileges they gave him. 

Statement of Mrs. Boyles. 

I was born in Connecticut ; my father's name was Abel Ab- 
bey ; my name was Melinda Abbey ; came from Connecticut 
to Lyle. Broome county, this state, in 1803; my father came 
to Sardinia in 181 3 and bought of Sumner Warren a saw mill 
and a quarter section of land where Sardinia village now is; 
he moved his family on in March, 1814; was about three weeks 
coming through ; he came with two span of horses and a yoke 
of oxen ; stayed the last night of our journey at Jackson's, east 
of Arcade ; on coming into the town of Sardinia we passed 
where a Mr. Eaton and another man had made a beginning 
where Rice's Corners are now, but both had gone east on 
account of the Indians, and one of them never moved back ; 
we found General Knott on his place, and IVIr. Mariam and 
Cartwright about where Thomas Hopkins and Mr. Hosmernow 
live, and Godfrey and Palmer lived just west of Colgrove's Cor- 
ners, on the Andrc\\s place. The saw mill that father bought 
of Warren stood about where Mr. Simonds' mill is, and the 
little log house stood about where Andrews' grocery stands 
now ; there was no other house where Sardinia village now is, 
nor nearer than Godfrey's west of Colgrove's Corners. 

Mr. Warren had built a shant}' on the place where Hiram 
Crosby now lives, but not long after he, Godfrey and others 
were called out on the lines to serve as soldiers, and his wife 
went up and stayed with Mrs Godfrey while they were gone. 
Old Mr. John Wilcox lived on the Olen place, lot thirty-four, 
township five, range seven. 

Ezekiel Smith lived at the foot of the hill as you come down 
towards Springville. 

A man by the name of Wolsey lived on the old Carney place. 

John Johnson lived oii lot fifty-six about where his son Rich- 
ard now lives, and John and Jeremiah Wilcox had commenced 
on the next lot below. 

Morton Crosby was on the Jonathan Madison place, and Com 
modore Rogers lived next this side ; then Capt. Charles Wells ; 
then Jedediah Cleveland ; then Richmond's folks were next. 



Horace Rider and the Sears fami!>- li\ed on the hill on lot 
fifty-seven, a half or three-fourths of a mile nearly north of the 
Hakes brids^e. 

Ezekiel Hard}' li\'ed on lot fort\--two. 

lacob Wilson, Benjamin Wilson and Daniel Hall lived in the 
eart i)art of the town near where the railroad junction is now. 

These are all the families that were in town at that time that 
I can remember. 

In June, 1814, Adelia Sears, a yount;' woman, luini,^ herself 
with a skein of \-arn, in the barn, where she was at work wea\-- 
ini^; her family and friends never knew what caused her to do 
the act. I remember that Mr. Warren and his wife and four 
more of us rode down on horseback fixe miles throu<^h the 
woods to where the Sears family lived at the time. 

In the Summer of 1814 I taught school in Sardinia. It was 
in a log house east of Colgrove's Corners, that stood near New- 
ell Hosmer's present residence. 

All the men liable to do military duty had been called to the 
frontier, only two or three who were exempt from age remained. 
When in the school room that Summer we could hear the can- 
non at Fort Erie, Chippewa and Lund)''s Lane distinctl)-. 
We sometimes felt rather lonesome back in the wilderness and 
most of the men gone to the war. 

In 181 5, my father and Deacon Russell were highwa)' com- 
missioners, and laid out the road through Springville on West. 
In 1815, I was married to Jeremiah Wilcox b}' Christopher 
Douglass. Escp, and moved down and commenced keeping 
house on the creek, about t]iree-c]uarters of a mile east of the 
Hakes bridge On the 29th of Februar\-, 1S16, there was 
a caucus down at Richmond's, and m\- brothers and others 
came down from the east part of the tt)wn to attend the cau- 
cus ; I, too, went down to \isit with the Crosby folks, and left 
the house alone, and before we returned, the house and every- 
thing in it burned up. We went to the Barny Carny place and 
staid one year, and then went back onto the creek and kept 

The girls in the Richmond famil\- were Anna, Betsey, Sally, 
and Louisa; the boys, George and Frederick. Richmond's 
log house was used for various kinds of public gatherings. I 



remember that when the town meeting was held there once or 
twice when the four towns were all in one ; militia trainings 
were held there ; religious meetings were held there also, and 
they had good meetings, too. I remember that when Mr. Fay, 
of Townsend Hill was married, that for their wedding tour he 
and his wife, each with a good horse, took a horseback ride in 
good style down to Richmond's on Sunday to meeting. Social 
gatherings were held there, when sometimes nearly all from 
Sardinia village to Springville were present. 

In those early days we had to endure many hardships and 
privations, but the people were generally friendly and we 
enjoyed ourselves very well, and had some very good times. 

In 1820, we moved up on to lot thirty-three, township seven, 
range six, where the brick house now is, on the west side of 
Vaughan street. The families living on or near that street at 
that time, are Archibald Griffith, at East Concord, Nathan 
Godard and Cyrus Cheney, on the Steele place, William 
Wright, on the Bloodgood place, Jonathan Mayo, west of the 
road. Captain Wells, on south part of lot thirty-three, John 
Henman, Elijah Matthewson, Hale Matthewson, on the Hor- 
ton place, Abner Chase on road running west from Vaughan 
street, Culver lived where William Pingry does, Douglass lived 
down on the creek, old Mr Madison lived on the Byron Wells 
place, Deacon Jennings lived where William McMellan does and 
Ben Rhodes lived on the Jabez Weeden place. 

When I first came to Springville, David Sticknex' kept hotel 
in a small log house near the Opera House. W^hen we passed 
from one room to the other had to step over a log. Fred Rich- 
mond traded a little and Jinks and Stanard traded on Buffalo 
street, between the Methodist and Baptist churches. Not long 
after that Rufus C. Eaton kept hotel in the old yellow house 
that stood back of the Universalist church near the pond. I 
went to some shows there in 1819. The first frame house built 
in Springville was by David Leroy ; it stood a little south of 
the Presbyterian church. Dr. Daniel Ingals lived in it after- 
wards. Don't know for certain what year the old hotel on 
Franklin street opposite the park was built, but I remember I 
went to a ball there in 1 82 1. Harry Sears kept it then. I 
think the Eaton grist mill was built before 1820 I came here 


and had wool carded in 1817. I think there niust have been a 
carding machine before Bradley came. I think Elliott com- 
menced trading in 1825 or '26. Dr. Churchill did some busi- 
ness in early times. Dr. Rumsey was a young man and died 
at Mr. Henman's house of consumption in the summer of 1816. 
Dr. Woodward was next and Dr. Reynolds, then Drs. Daniel 
and Varnc)' Ingals. My father sold out in Sardinia to Dudley 
and Horace Clark and went to Elyra, 0.,and died there. Two 
or three years after we moved to Vaughan street we raised a 
fine crop of wheat, but could sell it for only three shillings, or 
three and six per bushel ; we also had to sell sheep for fifty 
cents a head. 

Mr. Wilco.x died in Ashford, March 24, 1843. 

My son John A. died in Minnesota. 

Sardis, Abel and x\lfred died in Calif(^rnia. 

Carlos E. died in Mexico. 

Albert Tracy died in Kansas. 

M\^ daughter, L. C). Wilcox, died in 1839, ^ged eighteen 

Maria married Janies Goodemote and lives in Ashford. 

Lucy married Alden Kellogg and li\'es in Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Boyles died in Nov. 1877. 

Murray Cliaiirtlor. 

Murra\- Chandler, son of Elam Chandler and Sail)- Fleming 
Chandler, was born in Concord, Jan. I, 1847. He was married 
March 29, 1876, to Filena Smith, daughter of Calvin Smith, 
Esq. of Springville. They have one child, Robert Smith 
Chandler, born Feb. 6, 1879. ^^^- ^- '^ '^ cheese maker and 
farmer. His father came to Concord from Vermont, and was 
engaged for a time in mercantile business at Ellicottville, N. 
Y.; now lives at Yorkshire, N. Y. 

Georg'e Cosliiie. 

George Cosline was born Dec. 15, 1844, in the town of Bos- 
ton, Erie county, N. Y., came to Concord in 1857; is a farmer 
and was married Nov. 9, 1859, ^^ Janette Hickok, of the town 
of Concord. They have one son, George S. Cosline, who was 
born May 15, 1864. His brother, Henry Cosline, enlisted and 


served three years in the late war, and until discharged. George 
Cosline was drafted and paid $300 for a substitute. He was in 
the Mississippi Valley for seven years and cut two thousand 
cords of steamboat wood. 

Albert Crosby. 

Albert Crosby was born June 28, 1853, in Sardinia. His 
father's name was Hiram Crosby, and his mother's maiden 
name was Susan Jackman. He has worked at the business of 
farming and cheese making. He was married in 1874 to Miss 
Ella Smith, daughter of William Smith and Cinderrella Briggs 
Smith. They own and occupy a farm on lot fifty-three, town- 
ship seven, range 6, in the town of Concord. 

They have two children : 

Alonzo Erasmus^ born June 18, 1875. 

Elsie E., born March 30, 1877. 

Statement of Vernain C. Cooper. 

I was born in the town of Kingsbuiy, Washington county, 
N. Y.; my father's name was Samuel Cooper; my mother's 
maiden name was Betsey B. Armstead ; my father came to this 
town in 1809, and took up lot thirty-three, township seven, 
range six, but did not settle on it. and soon after sold it ; 
he returned East. In May, 181 1, my father started from 
Washington county to move to this town. The family con- 
sisted of father, mother, myself and my younger sister Betsey. 
My uncle Nicholas Armstead and a small boy, George Arm- 
stead, came with us ; we came with two yoke of oxen hitched 
to our wagon and drove two cows ; we were three weeks com- 
ing through and were compelled to camp out nights, frequently 
in the woods ; one or two basswood trees were cut for the cattle 
to browse upon ; mother prepared something for us to eat and 
we slept under the wagon ; I was so young that I cannot tell 
for certain the route we came, or all the incidents that occurred, 
but I think we came b\' w<iy of Pike and Arcade ; I remember 
when we passed the Tice place in this town ; they were burning 
brush on the sides of the road, and it was so hot that we could 
hardly get through safely; we arrived on the 7th of June and 
located on lot nineteen, township seven, range seven, on land 


nf)\v owned b\' G. VV. Spauldin<4' ; our house was built some 
distance west of liis house on the south side of the road ; there 
was no saw mill in this town, and our house had to be built 
without lumber; the bod\' was of logs, the roof was shingled 
with bassu'ood bark, and the floor w<is made of plank sjjlit out 
of basswood logs, called " puncheons," and all the planing, 
matching and fitting they received was performed with an axe ; 
the door for the first Summer was a blanket hung up. 

Thomas McCx^e came in soon after we did and located on lot 
eleven, the place that Laban Smith now owns. 

James Brown came in soon after and settled on lot twenty, 
township seven, range seven. 

His son. Obadiah Brown, located on lot twenty-eight, town- 
ship seven, range seven. 

Isaac, Ezra, Hira and Daniel Lush, four brothers, came 
and settled on lot twenty-seven, township seven, range seven, 
where Hira C. Lush now lives. They came from Augusta. 
Oneida count}'. 

Smith Russell came and settled on lot twelve, townshij) 
seven, range se\'en, on the north side of the Genesee road, on 
land now (iwned by Henry Scott. 

Channing Tre\itt came and located on lot eighteen, township 
seven, range seven, and put up a saw mill in 18 1 3, where the 
Wheeler Brothers now are. 

Alexander Clements came and located where Samuel Stevens 
now li\"es. 

All the above-named families came in and located before, 
and lived in this neighborhood during, the War of 1812-15. 
Most of them were called out to serve as soldiers on the Nia- 
gara frontier; some of them went more than once. My father 
was drafted twice but hired substitutes each time. The first 
time he hired his brother-in-law, Nicholas Armstead, who got 
badh' wounded ; the second time, he hiretl Isaac Lush. Dur- 
ing the fore part of the war. the settlers feared that the Indians 
on' the Cattaraugus and Buffalo Creek reservations might side 
with the British and make war on the settlers; but. when the}' 
learned that those Indians took sides against the British and 
assisted the Americans when desired, that fear passed away. 

The Indians were always very friendly with us, and used to 



stay at our house over night frequently, and mother, out of 
friendship and matter of policy, went down to the reservation 

Immediately after the close of the war, settlers began to 
come in quite fast, and within two or three years the following 
families came to our neighborhood: Jonathan Spaulding, 
Benjamin Trevitts, John Andrews, Everett Fisher, Daniel Per- 
sons, Samuel Eaton, Asa Philips, Roswell Olcott, James Tyrer, 
Ambrose Cram, Ebenezer Merrick, Frederick Wood, Cary 
Clements, Samuel Sampson, Emery Sampson. 

There was no grist mill in this town for several years after 
we came, and we had to go to Boston to get our grinding done^ 
until Jonathan Townsend built his mill on Smith brook, 
in 1816. 

People from Collins used to come to our house on their way 
to Boston to mill, and stay over night, and take our wagon and 
go on to Boston and get their grists ground, then come back 
and stay another night at our house, then in the morning hitch 
on to their drays and go winding through the woods with noth- 
ing but a path to follow to their homes in Collins. 

A great many people used to sta}' at our house over night, 
some going to mill, some looking for land or moving, and fre- 
quently there would be six or eight there at a time. Once, 
father was digging a well, and, in order to prevent accidents, 
laid rails over the top at night, but one of our oxen recklessly 
walked onto the rails and went to the bottom ; but, by the use 
of ropes and the assistance of travelers stopping there that 
night, he was hoisted out and landed safely on terra firuta. 

A wolf once killed one of our sheep and dragged her up onto 
a big elm log, and was found there taking his breakfast in the 

One time, a bear killed one of ni}- father's hogs, and he and 
Mr. Brown took the remains of the hog down b}' the little 
spring brook and baited a bear trap, which they constructed of 
logs and pins or stakes, and they caught the bear by one hind 

When we went to the trap, a large dog that had followed us 
into the county rushed up and attacked the bear in the trap, 
but the bear seized him in his fore paws, and would have hugged 


him to death. We tried to pr)- his paws apart with liand 
spikes to Hberate the dog, but could not do it, and finally had 
to knock the bear in the head and killed him ; we then took 
him up to the house and kept him several days for people to 
look at. 

My father's family were ; 

Vernam C. Cooper. 

Betsey Cooper married Luke Simonds; lives in Concord. 

Julia Ann married Jonathan Swain; died in Colden. 

Margaret died in this town twenty years ago. 

Samuel died in Illinois twenty-seven years ago. 

Phoebe died in Ohio eighteen years ago. 

Elark}' Lodusky lives in Concord. 

Ezra Lush's mother was sister to my father, and Ezra's wife 
was sister to m}- wife. 

Veriiani C. Cooper's Family. 

He married Keziah Sampson, Jul)' 28, 1828. Their children 
were : 

Colvin Cooper. 

Caroline married Job Woodward; lives in Concord. 

Cary married Helen Gray; he died in Kansas, 1879. 

Ann married Frank Perkins ; he died nineteen years ago. 

Clementine died when a child. 

Carlos died when a child. 

Leroy died at Staunton hospital. District of Columbia, 
Dec. 8, 1864, aged nineteen years, nine months and nineteen 

William Wallace married Flora Stage ; lives in Concord. 

John Wesley married Mariette Colburn ; lives in Concord. 

The Cooliraii Family. 

Samuel Cochran, who was one of the very first settlers in the 
present Town of Concord, was born Jan. 21, 1785, in the Town 
of Gifford, Vermont, and was married Nov. 6, 1805, to Catharine 
Gallup, who was born Feb. 22. 1787, in the Town of Colrain, 
Mass. He was descended from the Scotch Covenanters, who. 
flying from the persecutions under King James, settled in the 
North of Ireland ; while she was a descendant of a Hugenot 


family which had escaped from the massacre of St. Bartholo- 
mew. Soon after marriage, the youthful pair moved to Tioga 
county, N. Y., near the present Town of Painted Post, where 
they remained until the Fall of i8o8, when, having found their 
location to be destitute of water in the dry season, they 
decided to go where living water was abundant. 

At this time, the Holland Land company were distributing 
their circulars and maps, and inviting settlers to visit their 
lands. One of these fell into Cochran's hands, on which the 
present location of Springville was named "Cold Springs," on 
account of their abundance, coldness and purity. His late ex- 
perience decided him to visit the place for himself. In the 
month of September or October, 1808, in company with Joseph 
Yaw, an uncle of his wife, he started on foot, equipped with 
blanket, knapsack and staff, to visit Cold Springs, now Spring- 
ville. He came through the southern tier of counties to 
Angelica, and from there b}' what was known as the McClure 
settlement, in the Town of Franklinville, Cattaraugus county, 
Joseph McClure having cut to that place a sled road from 
Angelica, which was barely a track indicated by blazed trees, 
from which the logs had been cut and rolled awa\\ McClure 
had been educated for the medical profession, but disliking it 
he had left Belchertown, Mass., and moved to Angelica, N. Y., 
in the Summer of 1804, when his skill and accuracy as a sur- 
veyor had attracted the attention of the principal surveyor 
and agent of the Holland Land company, Joseph Ellicott, by 
whom McClure was employed, and sent into the wilderness to 
survey the subdivisions of the Purchase, and appreciating the 
loveliness and fertility of the broad valle}' of the Lschua, he 
decided to make it his home and moved there in 1806. From 
this point, Cochran and Yaw had onl}' blazed trees to guide 
them down the south branch of the Cattaraugus creek to the 
forks where the}' crossed to the north bank of the stream which 
they followed down as far as the place kno^\■n as the George 
Shultus place. P^rom this place, the\' came up the ravine to 
what is now called Cattaraugus street, to the site of the present 
Village of Springville. They found only the two families of 
Christopher Stone and John Albro. Stone on Buffalo street 
just south of- Eaton street, and Albro farther north. 


Cochran & Yaw took up lot 2 ; Cochran the south part. 
With tlic help of Albro & Stone they cut logs and rolled up the 
body of a house high enough to stand under the lowest side of 
the roof. This structure was located at the point of the hill 
about forty rods south-west of the Edward Goddard place, 
where a few years later Yaw built a house and spent his days. 
At first Cochran's house had no floor or window and not a nail 
in it. Pins driven into augur holes in the logs furnished shelv- 
ing, seats and table. The)- had what might be regarded as a 
novelty at the present da)-, a bedstead with only one leg to it, 
in which were two augur holes, receiving the two rails from the 
sides of the house which furnished the other legs and side, 
ready for bark cording, which, in those days, was considered 
a rather extravagant and great luxury. As soon as the shant}' 
was ready Cochran returned for his wife, by way of Buffalo and 
Batav'ia, following only blazed trees as far as Boston, from 
which place a sled-road had been cut out to Buffalo. The first 
road or travelled path from Springville to Buffalo was up Frank- 
lin street to the Russell orchard, then by the Wilson place, 
Townsend Hill, Pike, Adams and Trevett's, to Boston. Coch- 
ran was soon ready to return to his future home, where his life 
was spent and where he and his wife rest in the beautiful cem- 
eter\' on the farm they so long occupied. 

All their effects were easily packed on a small sled drawn by 
a yoke of steers, and the father, mother and child started for 
this wilderness home, by the way of Batavia and Williamsville. 
F^rom the latter place he was nine days in reaching Springville, 
and this was only accomplished with the greatest exertion, 
often being compelled to cut and roll the logs from trees that 
had fallen across the track. Crossing the Buffalo creek on the 
ice was a serious affair. After the ice had first formed the 
water in the creek had fallen about a foot, the ice breaking 
along the bank had formed again below, leaving a strip of the 
first formation projecting from the bank. In crossing the run- 
ner of the sled ran so firmly under the ledge that the steers 
were unable to back it out. After \'ainl)' tr\^ing to extricate 
the sled, it being quite dark, he took the child in his arms and 
with his wife, walked nearly a mile, to the Indian Council House, 
where the Indians were holding one of their wild dances, feath. 


ers and paint giving them a hideous appearance. Here he left 
his wife and child, while he with two or three Indians, returned 
to extricate the sled, which delayed his return about two hours, 
which, to the young wife, seemed an age, alone with the howl- 
ing, painted savages. She had seldom seen Indians, but her 
mind was filled with stories of their savage ferocity and memory 
was faithful in bringing them all up fresh before her as they 
danced, howling around their camp-fire. One of the squaws took 
the baby in her arms and danced around the fire with it singing 
their war songs, which seemed to please the child far more than 
the mother, who expected every moment to see it tossed in the 
fire. Another took her fur-trimmed overcoat, put it on and 
followed in the dance and finally disappeared out-doors with it. 
Her feelings can better be imagined than described. Her 
child seemed safe but the thought that her fur-trimmed coat, 
the bridal-gift of her mother, was gone forever and she could 
not hide her tears. "White squaw, baby, cry," said one who 
could speak a little English. 

At last her husband returned with the Indians who had 
accompanied him. All was right again, but that scene could 
never be forgotten by the mother. They stayed at the Council 
House all night. The Indians fed their steers and gave them 
breakfast for which they would take no remuneration. The 
only similar instance in their long journey. They obtained 
shelter nights and food until they reached Boston corners. 
Thence it took them two da}'s to reach Springville, camping 
one night beside a fallen tree, between the Lewis Trevitt place 
and the Pike school-house, about five and one-half miles from 
their new house, which they reached on the following day. 

When they left Boston they started very early with strong- 
hopes to reach Springville that night, but a strong wind had 
prostrated se\'eral trees across their track, which had given them 
a day of the hardest labor to get through, but all in vain. The 
bright hopes of the morning were all blasted and though it was 
cold and blustering they were compelled to spend the night 
beside a fallen tree near the roots which were turned up. Hem- 
lock brush was piled on the ground and a covering of it on 
poles overhead, a fire built before it which kept Cochran bus}- 
through the night, to suppl)- with fuel and tend while the 


mother had a six-months' child to keep comfortable and quiet. 
The steers had to make their supper and breakfast on browse. 
They were all read}- for another early start and reached the 
shanty of John Russell, on lot one, near the an<;le (just west of 
the corporation line) on Franklin street, built since Cochran went 
for his wife. It was a pleasant surprise for Cochran and wife 
to come upon this, shanty in the wilderness, with its genial 
occupants and they were made welcome there the first night in 
Concord, and the wives formed a union that night, baptised 
with many tears (but they were tears of joy) that lasted all 
through their future lives. And their " pine-knot" torches 
often guided them through the woods, half a mile, from shantv 
to shanty, for a long winter evening's visit. The next morning 
Russell and Cochran went down together to Cochran's house to 
clear out the snow which they found abundant in it, as the roof 
covered only about three-fourths of the top, no doors in it and no 
chinking had been done. But the snow was soon ejected and fire 
built at one end where there was not any roof and both wives 
were soon there getting their two suppers together. With what 
thrilling interest the survivors of these two families recounted 
these scenes over fifty years after. 

Though greath' surprised by the addition of Russell and wife 
to the town since Cochran went for his family, he was disap- 
pointed in finding that Albro had lost his wife and left for his old 
home in the east. During the winter of 1808 and 1 809, Stone, 
Cochrane and Russell were the only settlers within ten miles. 
Cochran and Russell were the two first permanent settlers of 
the town of Concord. Stone and Albro removing to other 
parts of the country. The first money earned b}' Cochran was 
by making ashes, boiling the lye into salts, in a two-pail iron 
kettle, and carrying the salts in a trough he had dugout, on his 
back to the asher}' in Hamburg, twenty-two miles distant. With 
this mone)' he was enabled to pay his bill made in Boston when 
moving into Concord. It is difficult to picture to ourselves the 
hardships of pioneer life. The winter blasts penetrated the 
hastily-built shanties. There were no fire-places and no chim- 
neys save a big hole in the roof, through which all the heat as 
well as the smoke escaped. The cattle lived on browse and for 
a while these hardy settlers had to supply much of their provis- 


ions from the game of the surrounding wilderness. They had 
no neighbors within ten miles. The curling smoke from these 
three humble but happy homes was all there was to cheer the 
forest gloom. Never were neighbors more highly prized than 
by those hopeful pioneers who where closely united by their 
common experiences and the necessities of their forest life. 

Much of their out-door labor w^as done in common. Together 
they logged and cleared their land and soon each had three or 
four acres burned and in condition to plant corn and potatoes. 
They struggled hard under adverse circumstances to supph" 
their actual wants. But sympathy and generous friendship 
made their lot happ)- and often in later years they were heard 
to call those early days of struggle and privation the happiest 
of their lives. Cochran and Russell with their wi\-es, went on 
foot to Gary's, in Boston, ten miles, on a visit, each of the men 
carrying a bab)' in their arms. They did not start for the after- 
noon visit at five P. M. Nor did they return the same evening, 
but took two days for the trip and felt well paid. " This visit 
was soon returned by Asa Gary and wife. 

A few years later, when Peter Pratt had settled in Gollins, now- 
known as Zoar, Russell, Gochran, and their wives, and Albro, 
who had returned with a young wife, went with an ox sled 
eight miles to spend an evening at his house. It took a good 
part of the day to get there and all night to get back. Still no 
doubt they worked lively and gossiped very little about their 
neighbors. About this time Gochran heard that a man named 
W^aterman had settled upon the Gattaraugus Greek, where the 
village of Gowanda is now situated. As there were W'atermans 
in his native town he determined to visit him in hopes to hear 
from his eastern home again. To accomplish this he first went 
eight miles to get Peter Pratt's old mare on which his wife could 
ride and carr)- the baby, for he had come to the conclusion after 
carrying the bab}' to Boston and back that baby had got big 
enough to ride a horse, while he was needed to go ahead and 
pick out the way, there not being any road. They travelled 
over twenty-five miles, over the terrible breakers and ravines of 
Zoar, along the Gattaraugus creek, then an unbroken wilder- 
ness, to reach Waterman's. On their return the mare's colt 
broke its leg, which caused another day's delay. The visit 


which was returned by Waterman and wife on horse-back, 
occupied five da\'s. Such incidents, trixial in themselves, 
throw a clearer li<^ht upon the lives and feelings of our 
ancestors and give us a better comprehension of the hardships 
they endured, than can be obtained from the most eloquent 
descriptions. These pioneers had no communication with the 
outside world and the friends they left, except as intelligence 
was brought to them from time to time by some new settler. 
There were but few additions to the settlement until 1810, 
when quite a number of families joined them. The next year, 
and }'ear following, additions were so numerous through the 
town that when troops were called for in the war of 1812, quite 
a compan}- went from the limits of the present Town of Con- 
cord. Cochran was appointed Ensign by Colonel Stevens and 
had charge of the company from this town, and were placed at 
the batter}- on foot at Black Rock the night Buffalo was burned, 
and came near being taken prisoners in the morning. When 
Buffalo was burning a company of Red Coats were sent down 
the ri\er to silence the battery, which had been doing bad work 
with their small boats, which had been continually crossing the 
river during the night. And this companyof Red Coats were near 
the battery when Colonel Chapin was seen coming at full speed 
from another direction and in time warned them to make their 
escape, when they all fled, some running but a few rods jumped 
down the bank by the river side and were safe from their shots, 
whilst others ran for the woods some forty or fifty rods on a 
double quick, the balls whizzing by them, Cochran was among 
this number and as he dodged behind a big hemlock tree a ball 
struck the tree throwing the bark so sharph' in his face that he 
thought certainly the bullet hit him. Cochran, in after \'ears, 
often spoke of this as the most terrible event of all his life, for, 
on the last fire, the cannon ran over his foot crushing off the 
nails from his toes and he came near fainting and fallino- at 
every step the pain was so terrible. Onh' one of the company 
got hit b\- the enemy's bullets and that but a flesh wound in 
his arm. When the British had spiked the guns they returned 
to the city for plunder. At the close of the war, Cochran 
received a commission from the Government as aide-de-camp 
to Brigadier-general and afterwards to Major-general. Much 


of the time during his Hfe he held some town office, was one of 
the first stockholders in the Springville Academy and a trustee 
all his life. Most of the time its treasurer and during its darkest 
days and most trying periods, one of its most firm and liberal 
supporters. At its opening he was so anxious to see it start 
full that he put in five scholars, though part of them were so 
young as to more properly belong to the district school. He 
was ever ready to aid in every benevolent and public enterprise 
in the place. His second log house was built on the corner 
of Central avenue and Franklin street, occupying the ground 
on which the beautiful and stately mansion of D. \V. Bensley 
now stands. In 1823, he built the house on Main street, in 
which he spent the remainder of his days. When this house was 
finished the traveling public pressed him so hard for accommo- 
dation that in 1S24, he put up a sign and kept public house for 
twenty years. Though he voluntarily abandoned the liquor 
traffic and kept a temperance house for three or four years. 
This house is again being fitted for a hotel by F. K. Davis. 
Cochran died in 1845 "ot quite sixty-two years of age, leaving 
a wife, five sons and four daughters, all of whom but the eldest, 
were born in Springville. 

His eldest son, Orson, was born Jan. 26, 181 5, and lived in 
Concord till ^840, when he moved to Otto, near Waverh*. He 
was elected Justice of the Peace in 1850, which office he has 
held ever since, now over thirty-five years. Was town super- 
intendent of Common School there till the office was aban- 
doned. He still lives at Otto, near Waverly. 

Joseph G., the second son, was born Feb. 5, 1817. He pre- 
pared for College at Springville Academy and graduated at 
Amherst College and Union Theological Seminary, N. Y., and 
was sent by A. B. C. F. M., in 1847. ^o Persia, Asia, where 
he died after twenty-five years of \'er)- successful labor in the 
mission field. In 1847, ^^ ^^'^^^ married to Miss Deborah 
Plumb, a daughter of Joseph Plumb, formerly of Gowanda. 
She continued a missionary on the same field where her hus- 
band died. Her son. Dr. J. P. Cochran, is laboring with heron 
the same field. 

Byron, the third son, was born Jan. 30, 1821. Has held 
:several offices in the militia, was on Brigadier and Major-Gen- 


eral's staff. Was elected Justice of the Peace five times, was 
deacon, elder and Sunday school superintendent of the Presby- 
terian church, Springvllle, for over thirty years, till health 
failed and he resigned. He still resides in Springville. 

Augustus G., the fourth son, was born July i, 1825. He 
served three years in the war of the Rebellion, was with Sher- 
man in his grand march through Georgia, returned from the 
hospital in poor health and is now living on a farm in the Town 
of Great Valley, Cattaraugus county. 

David H., the fifth son, was born July 5th, 1828; prepared 
for college at Springville Academy. Graduated from Hamil- 
ton College about the year 1849. Was principal of Fredonia 
Academy about three years, from which place he went to the 
State Normal school at Albany as Professor of Chemistry, &c. 
Was soon chosen president of Albany State Normal school,. 
where he remained till about 1861 or 1862, when he was elected 
president of Brooklyn Collegiate and Polytechnic Institute, 
where he still remains as Ph. D., LL. D. 

Colonel Elbert Willett Cook. 

Elbert Willett Cook — familiarly known as Colonel Cook — 
was a son of Paul and Jerusha Cook and grandson of Constant 
and Isabel Cook, and in direct line with their ancestors who 
came to this country about 1630. The ancestors of his mother. 
Miss Jerusha Hatch, came over in the Mayflower, and landed 
at Plymouth Rock. She was of the same family as Israel T. 
Hatch of Buffalo and Judge Pringle of Batavia. 

Elbert Willett was born April 2^, 1804, in Springfield. Otsego 
county, N. Y. 

Miss Thankful Plumb Murray, born in Orwell, Rutland 
count)', Vt., was a daughter of Jonathan and Roslinda Murray. 
Elbert Willett Cook and Thankful Plumb Murray were mar- 
ried in Springville, Erie county, N. Y., Nov. 29, 1832. Their 
children were : 

Hiram Henry, born Oct. 17, 1835, and died unmarried July 
18, 185S. 

Harriet Maria, born Nov. 19, 1837, and died unmarried Sept. 
18, 1857. 

3i6 hio(;raphical sketches. 

Olive Bascom, born March 20, 1839 ^"^ died unmarried 
August 31, 1868. 

Elbert Plin}-, born Nov. 5, 1841 ; married, and living in 
Havana, Schuyler count)', N. Y. Banker and miller. 

Jonathan Paul, born Nov. 30, 1846; married, and lives in 
Springville, Erie Co., N. Y.; a farmer. 

Grace, born Oct. 11, 1855; unmarried, and lives in Havana, 
Schuyler Co., N. Y. 

Mrs. Thankful P., wife of Elbert W. Cook, died in Havana, 
Schuyler Co., N. Y., Nov. 21, 1872. Elbert W. Cook and 
Lucretia M. Batterson — a sister of the first wife — were married 
Nov. 24, 1872, in Havana, Schuyler Co., N. Y. She died in 


His father died in the service during the war of 1 8 12, leaving 
his mother and six small children — four bo\\s and two girls — 

Elbert cared for himself after about ten }'ears of age. At 
about fifteen, he went to learn the trades of tanning and curry- 
ing, shoemaking and harness-making. During his apprentice- 
ship, he earned b}' extra work enough to pay for such things as 
he desired, which were not considered necessar}- for an appren- 
tice in those days, and had by these extra earnings, when his 
time was out, a light horse equipage, worth $80; a set of tools 
for making shoes and harnesses, and $100 worth of leather. 
He commenced business for himself by shoemaking, going 
from family to family, as was the custom in those days. After 
earning about $120, he commenced schooling himself, hereto- 
fore having had very poor privileges. He spent o\'er three 
years in school ; most of the time at Skancatlas, N. Y., mean- 
while supporting himself. 

Directly after, he, with his brothers, Charles and Hiram, 
eno^aged in public works, obtaining contracts in Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey and New York. The compan}- to which he be- 
longed, built eighteen miles complete of the Chemung Canal, 
in N. Y. 

Soon after he came, in compan)- with his brother Hiram, to 
Springville, N. Y., and purchased the grist-mill and woolen- 
mills, with adjoining lands, deeds bearing date July 10, 1831. 
He also purchased divers tracts of land, and improved them, in 

liloCKAl'lIKAI. SKKTCllKS. 317 

all ab(iut six luiiulrcd acres. He li\cd in S])rinLj\ilIc about 
thirty-six years, duriiii^ which time he rebuilt the grist-mill and 
woolen-mills, enlarging their capacities. He also made man)- 
other improvements. 

Soon after coming to Spring\-ille, he was elected to office in 
the militia and trained in the Fall as Captain, next year as 
Adjutant, next as Lieutenant-Colonel, next as Colonel, which 
office he held sexcral \-ears, although he twice tendered his 

lie was noted for his public spirit, doing alwa)-s what he 
could to promote public welfare. Of a generous nature, he 
was kind to the poor; as a rule furnishing employment to the 
needy. Hard to refuse a friend, he often extended aid of a 
nature that xxorked to his own disadvantage. 

He was a staunch temperance man, freely spending time and 
money for its benefit. His name was used by temperance men 
for the Assembly, the Senate and for Congress. 

In May, 1867, he moved to Havana. Schuyler county, N. Y., 
in consequence of Xhe death of his brother Charles, who died 
the preceding October. A constant hard worker through life, 
he adhered to the old habit instead of living at ease. He set 
about improving lands and buildings there as in his own home. 

For years a professed infidel, without excitement, he quietly 
experienced a change and found himself in full harmony with 
Christians. From this time he commenced contributing to aid 
the progress of Christianity, giving liberally to churches far 
and near, frequenth" outside of his own denominatior, . He 
furnished the lot, prepared the ground, and erected a fine 
brick structure, costing in all over $30,000, and presented it a 
free gift to the Baptist church to which he belonged. 

Another monument of his generosity was utilizing the Peo- 
ple's College building — main part six stories, with wings four 
stories, standing unoccupied. Securing title thereto he pre- 
sented it to the Baptist denomination — the building and nine- 
teen acres of good land and about sixty thousand dollars in 
cash. To-day it is heated \\Tth steam, supplied with warm and cold 
water in all the rooms, has a boarding-house, dormitories and 
chapel connected with the school. Although young, it ranks 
among the highest in the State for its discipline of students. 

3t8 biographical sketches. 

Colonel Cook, in Springville, N. Y., is as familiarly known in 
Havana, N. Y., as Deacon Cook. W. v.. R. 

Johnson Chase. 

Johnson Chase lives in Machias. He says: My father, 
Enoch Chase, came to Concord from Vermont in the Fall of 
1810, and located on lot twenty, township six, range six, since 
known as the Goodemote place ; he and his brother came 
through with two span of horses ; C. Douglas had a log house 
built on the creek above the Shultus bridge, and we lived in it 
till our house was built. 

During the war of 1812-15 there were living on the creek, 
Christopher Douglas, David Shultus, William Shultus, Enoch 
Chase, George Shultus, Moses White, Truman White, Frances 
White. Within the Corporation I remember the Eaton fam- 
ily, John Albro, Samuel Cochran, Joseph Yaw, Isaac Knox, 
Samuel Burgess, Alva Plumb, David LeRoy, David Stannard, 
Jerry L. Jenks, David Stickne}^ Dr. Daniel Ingals, Milo Ful- 
ler, Elijah Perigo, Benjamin Gardner. Gardner's grist mill, I 
think, was built in 1 8 14, and Milo P"uller, run a carding ma- 
chine in connection with the mill. 

The families east of the village were Deacon Jennings. James 
Henman, the Madison family, Noah Culver on the Pingry place 
and Bascom on the Dodge place. 

In 1S16 we moved to Little Valley, Cattaraugus county; 
there was no road south from Springville then ; we had to go 
up to Richmond's, cross the creek, take the State road and go 
beyond Machias, then to Ellicottville and on to Little Valley. 
There was only one house between Richmond's and Franklin- 
ville ; only two log houses in Ellicottx'ille, and three or four 
settlers in Little Valley. 

Enoch Chase, Sr., died in Little Valley in 1825. 

Enoch Chase, Jr., died in Iowa in 1839. 

Lyman died in Iowa. 

Kimball lives in Iowa. 

Statement ol" Joel Chafee. 

; My father's family started from Rutland count}-, Vt., Feb. 1, 
1817, and came with a yoke of o.xen and a wooden-shod sled to 



( )n()iRlai;a count}-; there we found bare ground and traded off 
our sled and got an old wagon, and paid $20 to boot ; there 
were father and mother and six children of us, and we carried 
our own beds and took them in nights and laid them on the 
floor and slept on them, and we carried and cooked our own 
provisions and did not buy any meals on the road ; we were on 
the road six weeks; some storm}' days we did not travel; we 
left the Buffalo road somewhere near the Genesee river, and 
came through by or near Pike and Arcade ; stayed at Peter 
Sears', near Sardinia village, over night, and came down to 
Richmond's the next da}- in the forenoon ; mother had walked 
considerable of the wa}- and carried a child and was nearly tired 
out, so father and mother and the younger children remained 
at Richmond's that afternoon and night, but four of us children, 
viz., Diana, Joel, Almira and Stephen, came on by ourselves, 
and followed marked trees through the woods to Springville 
and u}) through ^\-here we li\'e now (it was all woods here then), 
and down where the Scoby bridge crosses the Cattaraugus 
creek, and down a piece on the other side to Uncle Parmen- 
ter's (Mrs. Parmenter was sister to our mother). When we came 
to the Cattaraugus creek it was partly frozen over, but there 
was a strip in the middle where the water was the deepest and 
ran the swiftest that was not frozen, and there w-ere two small 
poles laid across the open space. John Holdridge lived on this 
side up a piece from the creek, and when we came to the house 
we told Mrs. Holdridge that we w-anted to go over to Uncle 
Parmenter's, and she went and called Mr. Holdridge, and he 
came and took us over on the two poles, one by one, and we 
went down a short distance to Uncle Parmenter's house ; if we 
had undertaken to cross the creek alone, probabl}- some of us 
would have been drowned. 

At that time General Knox lived on the corner of Main and 
W'averl}' streets. Mr. Burgess lived where George Weeden 
does. Julius Bement lived on the place he so long occupied, 
and kept " bachelor's hall." We lived in his house one and 
three-fourths years. We had just three dollars in money when 
we arrived here ; my father located on the farm we now occupy 
in 1 8 19; at one time we lived on bran bread three weeks, and 
we used to dig leeks and boil and eat them ; they constituted 


a considerable portion of our food. My father got money to 
pay his first tax by putting up a leach in one corner of the 
kitchen and boiling the lye over the kitchen fire into black 
salts and selling them, which was the only way we could get 
money; I got my spending money by burning down hollow 
trees and making salts out of the ashes. 

Sophia Russell taught the first school in this district in her 
father's chamber, about 1819. Before that we went to the vil- 
lage to school, kept in Widow Gardner's house on East hill. 
The first school house in this district was built b}' subscription 
and located on Main street on the corner of Deacon Russell's 
land, about 1820; that school house was moved down to the 
Chafee Corners about 1822; David Bensley taught the first 
school in that house. 

Once father and others clubbed together and hired Mr. Bur- 
gess to go to Buffalo with his oxen after some provisions ; it 
took him over a week to make the trip, and among other things 
he bought a tierce of flour, and it was dix'ided up according to 
the amount each paid. 

The Bensley's built a saw mill on the Spring brook down near 
the Cattaraugus creek in 181 7. 

I worked for Samuel Cochran by the month in 1827 and 
helped score timber and draw brick for the old acadenn-, whicli 
was built that season. 

Cliarles Cliafee. 

Charles Chafee was born in Claridon, Rutland count)', \"t. 
His wife's maiden name was Polly Miles. They came to this 
town March 15, 18 17. 

Betsey, born 1802; married Elisha Eaton. Died in Concord 

Diana, born 1804; died in Concord 1818. 

Joel, born May, 1807. 

Almira, born August, 1809; ni'H'i'ied William Blackmar. 
Lives in Concord. 

Stephen, born November, 181 1 ; died in Wells\'ille. Ohio in 

Alanson, born November, 1813 ; married Vestina Bensle\'. 
and died in Concord 1874. 


hi()(;rai'iiical sketches. 321 

Eliza, born March, 1816; married Edward Cole and li\es in 

Augustus, born August, 1818; married Alelinda Andrus. first 
wife, and li\es in Concord. 

Miles, born 1822; married Caroline Miner and li\-es in Iowa. 

Adaline, born 1826; married Heman Andrus; tlied in Con- 
cord in 1850, aged twenty-four. 

Joel Chafee. 

Joel Chafee was born in Wallingford. Vt., in 1807, came to 
this town with his parents in March i8i7;'was married Oct. 
II, 1832; his wife, Anna Moulton, was born in the tow 11 of 
Spencer, Worcester county, Mass. 

Their children were : 

Augusta, born Sept. 1835 ; married Joseph Rumsey, Oct. 1855. 

Bertrand, born Oct., 1837; married Jennie Richmond, 1871. 

Ellen, born March, 1845 '• died, Jan., 1856. 

Rurdett, born Aug. 1849; clied, Aug., 1849. 

Carlos E., born July, 185 1; married, Sept., 1870, Hattie 

Anna Chafee died Sept. 24, 1882, aged seventy years and one 
month. Joel Chafee survived her but a few months, d}ing 
March 14, 1883, aged seventy-five years, ten months and four- 
teen days. 

Bertrand Chafee. 

Mr. Chafee was born in Concord, Oct. 26, 1837, where, with 
the exception of two or three years' absence, he has since resid- 
ed. He was reared on the farm and received his education at 
the Springville Academ\'. In 1855, he engaged for a year in 
the jewelry business, at Union Springs, Cayuga county N. Y. 
The following two years he spent in Buffalo, first as clerk for 
the Western Transportation Company, and then for the Ameri- 
can Express Company. Leaving Buffalo, he returned to the 
farm where he remained until 1863, when he engaged in the 
general hardware trade in Springville, under the firm name of 
J. Chafee & Son, which he continued for twelve years. In 
1869, in company with C. J. Shuttleworth, he bought the 
Springville mills, and the next year a one-half interest in the 


Pike, N. Y., mills. They afterward purchased the entire Pike 
mills. They dissolved partnership in 1874, Mr. Chafee taking 
the Springville mills which he carried on until 1880, when he 
leased them to E. L. Hoopes, having previously disposed of 
his hardware interests to D. W. Bensley in 1875. He is also 
the owner of several farms. 

In 1870 and '71, Mr. Chafee was elected Supervisor of his 
native town, both years by precisel)- the same majority, sixty- 
six. In 1865, he was elected to represent the fifth Assembly 
District in the Legislature, and took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of that body. 

He was instrumental in getting through the Legislature the 
new charter of the village, and also the bill regulating the sala- 
ries of Supervisors in Erie county. 

He also presented to the Legislature the bill which changed 
Griffith Institute into a union free school with an academic 
department. Previous to this change he was for ten years — 
1866 to '76 — one of the Trustees of the Academy and for eight 
years was Treasurer of the Board. 

Since the organization of the S. & S. R. R. in 1878, Mr. 
Chafee has been its President and General Manager. 

Mr. Chafee is a Knight Templar, and in 1875 and 'jG he was 
Deputy Grand Master of the Masons of the State for the dis- 
trict comprising Erie county. 

Mr. Chafee was married May 17, 1871, to Miss Jennie B. 
Richmond, daughter of George Richmond, Sr., one of the 
earliest settlers of Sardinia. 

Carlos E. Chafee. 

Carlos Emmons Chafee, son of Joel Chafee, was born Jul}' 
2, 1 85 1, in Concord, of which town he has always been a resi- 
dent. He attended school several years at the Springville 
Academ\-. He is. at present conductor on the Springville and 
Sardinia Railroad. 

Mr. Chafee was married Sept. i, 1870, to Hattie C. Cochran, 
■ daughter of Byron Cochran, Esq., of Springville. 

They have two children : 

Bessie E., born Aug. 1 1, 1876, and Jennie, born Sept. 28, 1880. 

(J bio(;rai'iikal sketches. 323. 

«Tohn K. Cliafee. 

John R. Chafee, son of Alanson Chafce and Vistina Bcnsley 
Chafee, was born in Concord, July 2, 1857, where he has always 
resided. He was educated at Griffith Institute. Mr. Chafee 
has two sisters : Louella, who married Edwin Miller, and 
resides near Minneapolis, Minn., and Emma, who also resides 
near Minneapolis. 

Angiistus Chafee. 

Augustus Chafee was born in this town in i<Si8. His father's 
name was Charles Chafee ; his mother's maiden name was 
Polly Miles. Mr. Chafee is a farmer and has always resided 
in town. He has been married four times ; b\' his second wife 
he has two children : 

Sarah M. Chafee married Warren Widrig. 

George W. Chafee. 

By his fourth and present wife he has one child : Ella R. 

Elder Clarke Carr. 

Elder Clarke Carr was born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, 
in 1774, and was married to Patty Merwin, in the same state. 
He moved to Durham, Greene county, N. Y.. in 1802, and com- 
menced preaching about 1803. In 18 10, he moved to Ham- 
burg, Erie county, N. Y.; was called out to serve on the Nia- 
gara frontier in the War of 1812, and was at Buffalo at the 
time it was burned. He moved to the north part of Concord 
and settled in the valley of the Eighteen-mile creek, about 
1 8 14. For years he was pastor of the Boston Baptist church, 
and also founded several churches in the south towns of Erie 
county. He died in the Town of Concord in 1854. His wife 
died in 1879, aged ninet}--four years. They had three children : 

Louisa, born in Durham, Greene county, N. Y., in 1803 '< ^"^'^^ 
married to Samuel W. Alger in 1824, and died April 9, 1882, in 

Clark M. was born in Durham, (ireene county, N. Y., in 
1805, a"d died at Galesburg, 111., in September, 1877. 

Laura was born in Durham, Greene county, in 1807. She 
was married to Ambrose Torre\- ; died in the town of Concord. 
in October, 1881. 


The Carr Brothers. 

The five Carr brothers, a brief mention of M'hich follows, 
A\ere the sons of the late Clark M. Carr, of Galesburg, 111., a 
former resident of Erie county, and <^randsons of Elder Clark 
Carr, an early settler in this town, and an early preacher in this 
and adjoining" towns. 

Three of them attended Springville Academy and also 
graduated at Knox College, 111. They all served with distinc- 
tion in the Union army, and afterwards occupied prominent 
positions of public trust. 

Eugene A. Carr was born in Concord, N. Y.; at sixteen 
years of age he went to the West Point Military academy ; 
graduated high in his class ; was appointed second lieutenant 
and sent to the Western frontier ; in a battle with the Sioux, 
was wounded, and promoted to first lieutenant ; afterwards 
received a captain's commission, which he held till the com- 
mencement of the Rebellion, when he was promoted to colonel. 
He served under Generals Lyon in Missouri and Grant at 
Vicksburg, where he was wounded, and promoted to brevet 
brigadier-general, ^\'hich title he held during the War. At the 
close of the W^ar, he was sent b}- the Government to Europe to 
inspect military fortifications. As an officer of the regular 
army, he is now stationed in Arizona. He married Mary Mc- 
Connel, daughter of General McConnel, of St. Louis. The}' 
ha\e one son, Clark N. 

B\'r()n O. Carr was born in Concord, N. Y. During the 
Rebellion, he was quartermaster in the Arm}- of the South- 
west, with the rank of colonel. After the War, he ^^•as 
appointed superintendent of the Ogden division of the Union 
Pacific Railroad, which he held four years ; subsequently, he 
was government steamboat inspector on the Mississippi river; he 
now resides in St. Helena, Cal. He was married in 1854 to 
Mary E. Buck, of Galesburg, 111. 

Horace M. Carr was born in Boston, N. Y.; after gradu- 
ating at Knox College he graduated at Hamilton College; 
entered the ministry ; served as chaplain in the Union army 
during the War: is noA\- preaching at Parsons, Kansas. 

Clark E. Carr was born in Boston, N. Y.; after gradu- 
ating at Knox College, he graduated at the Poughkeepsie Law j 


I!I()(;rai'iirai. skktciiks. 325 

school : j)racticctl law at (lalcsburg, 111.; was a])])oiiUcd aide- 
de-camj) on (io\crnor Nates' staff, and occuj)icd that position 
durin^f the War; is now postmaster at (lalesburi;", which posi- 
tion lie has held twenty-five years. 

George P. Carr, son of Clark M. Carr. b\' his second wife, 
was born in Buffalo, N. Y. He served as cajitain in the Union 
ami}- during the War, and at its close was ajJiJointed by Presi- 
dent Johnson parish judi;'e in Louisiana ; while occupying this 
position he met his deatli in. a m\-sterious manner, jjrobabl)' a 
victim of the intense political feeling" rife at that time. He 
possessed literary talent and was the author of two books of 
poems : "The Ri\er of Life," and " The Contest." 

Clark Family. 

Abraham Clark, Jr., father of Alanson Clark, Lsq., of this 
town, was born in the town of (jloucester, Providence count)', 
R. L, June 14, 1790, being the fifth in a family of ten children, 
was married to Alice Blackmar, who was born in Thompson, 
Windham count}'. Conn., AjM'il 24, 1795, Feb. 18, 1816; resided 
in his nati\'e town till November, 181 8, when, with his family 
consisting of his wife and one child, he emigrated " west " to 
what was then the town of Concord, Niagara count}', N. \\ 
"Taking up " a piece of land containing one hundred acres, 
part of lot fourteen, range eight, township seven, being about 
one mile from Langford postoffice, in what is now the town of 
North Collins; he afterwards sold his claim and removed to 
land situated in the the same town, part of lot twelve, township 
se\'en, range eight; here he resided till his wife died, July 2, 
1853; shortly after this he disposed of his farm to his sons^ 
Lyman and Alanson. 

April 29, 1854, he was again married to Mrs. Julia M. Wright, 
and removed to the east part of the town on the Genesee road, 
near the present Concord line; remaining here but a short time 
he removed to Evans Center, Erie county, where he continued 
to reside till his death, April 25, 1864; he and his first wife were 
both active members of the F. B. church. 

By his first wife he had ten children, as follows; 

L}'man, born in Gloucester, R. L, Nov. 16, 1816; married to 
Emih'. tlaughter of Abram Coneer, of Shirle\'; now lives at 


Princeton, Green Lake' county, Wis.; previous to his removal 
he was for some time Justice of the Peace, and was Supervisor 
of the town of North Collins in 1856-7. 

Anna, born in Collins, Erie county, N. Y., May 7, 1819; died 
Oct. 16, 1822. 

Emily, born March 6, 1822; died Nov. 13, 1838. 

Alanson, born April 3, 1B24. 

Hiram, born June 4, 1826. 

Alban, born March 19, 1829; is married and lives at Prince- 
ton, Wis. 

William, born April 19, 1831 ; died in Princeton, Wis., Oct. 
3, 1863. 

Susan, born May 26, 1833; died Oct. 7, 1834. 

Julia A., born Feb. 12, 1836; died Feb. 13, 1854. 

Henry Clay, born July 13, 1839; died May 3, 1853. 

By his second wife : 

Julia Clayanna, born Aug. 3, 1855 ; lives in Buffalo with her 
mother and half sister, Mrs. Eunice Dole. 

Alanson, fourth child of Abraham Clark, has always resided 
within the limits of this history, being the only one of his fath- 
er's family now a resident of this State, except the half sister 
just mentioned who resides in Buffalo. He was married at 
Hamburg, N. Y., by Esquire White, Feb. 26, 1854, to Flora 
Palmerton (born Aug. 6, 1831), daughter of William Palmer- 
ton, a brother of Joshua and Henry Palmerton, all of whom 
were early settlers of the town of Collins, Joshua having settled 
near Collins Center in the Spring of 18 10, the others following 
soon after. The Palmertons came from Danby, Vt., and are 
supposed to be of English origin. 

William Palmerton married Floranna Delezenne, who was, as 
her name indicates, French descent ; they had eleven children, 
four of whom, Betsey, Nathan, Flora and John, are residents 
of this county. 

Delezenne Palmerton, the eldest, lives at Muskegan, Mich. 

George Edward Palmerton went to California during the gold 
excitement, and has not been heard from in twenty-five years, 
and is supposed to be dead. 

The other members of the family not mentioned are now 


Their children arc as follows : 

Willis (iaylord, born Nov. 10, i«S54. 

Riley Hiram, born Feb. 4, 1857. 

George William, born May 26. i<S5<S. 

Mr. Clark lixcs one-half mile east of W'oodward's Hollow 
(which is his postoffice), on \\hat has ever been known as the 
Genesee road, is a farmer, and owns a dair\- farm of 275 acres. 

Willis Gaylord Clark graduated at the Oberlin, O., Commer- 
cial college in August, 1874; has taught school considerable, 
and in the Fall of 1881 was a candidate for School Commis- 
sioner in the third district of Erie county. He holds the office 
of Justice of the Peace, to which he was elected in 1882. 

Joiiatlian O. Caiifield. 

Jonathan O. Canfield, was born Sept. 30, 181 1, in Ulster 
county, N. Y. His father, Jonathan Canfield, was a minister. 
His mother's maiden name was M£.rcyJHolly. When Mr. Can- 
field was nine years old, the family moved to Boston, N. Y., 
where they lived twelve years ; they then removed to Genesee 
count}-, where the}' lived six }'ears ; they next removed into 
this town, where Mr. Canfield has since resided. The follow- 
ing is Mr. Canfield's family record: 



Jonathan Canfield, born Nov. 6, 1765 ; married July 15. 1787 : 
died Dec. 9, 1851. 

Merc}' Holl}', born April 9, 1771 ; died Now 25, 1855. 


Silvanus, born May 11, 1788; married Feb. 17, 1815, to 
Abigail Wood; died June 7, 1848. 

Josiah, born Sept. 14, 1789; married March 13, 1814, to Mary 
Crosby; died June 22, 1854. 

Sillick, born Sept. 12, 1791 ; married Jan. 22, 18 14, to Susan- 
na Tousey ; died Sept. 20, 1865. 

Wealthy, born Oct. 22, 1793 ; married Dec. 26, 1819, to Josh 
Baker; died Dec. 21, 1824. 

Mylo, born Oct. 7, 1796; married Jan. i, 1826, to Electa 
Landon ; died March 13, 1826. 


Watee, born March 31, 1799; married Nov. 13, 1853, to 
Hiram Moore; died December, 1855. 

Sally, born May 31, 1801 ; died Au^. 27, 1826. 

Rebecca, born June 18, 1804; married Nov. 11, 1827, to 
John B. Landon ; died May 14, 1874. 

Jane, born July 28, 1807; died Sept. 17, 1809. 

Oliver, born Oct. 22, 1809; married May 17, 1837, to Lau- 
rilla Hopkins; died May 10, 1865. 

Jonathan O., born Sept. 30, 181 1; married first, Sept. 7, 
1843, to Elvira Horton ; second. May 15, 1877, to Elizabeth 


*Ray H., born July 16, 1844; married 1873 to Lydia Booth. 
Moses H., born Nov. 2, 1847; married 1872 to Melissa 

G. l^ruce, born June 21, 1850; married 1874 to Kate Brooks. 
Paul, born Sept. 21, 1855. 

*Ray H., is a graduate of Eastman's Business College. 

Vincent M. Cole's Statement. 

I was born Sept. 19, 1814; came to this town in 1817; my 
wife's name was Julia Squires, daughter of Seely Squires; she 
was born in Concord, and died in 1840; I was married to my 
present wife, Catherine Ostrander, in 1842 ; am a farmer. My 
father's name was Aaron Cole ; m\- mother's maiden name was 
Sarah C. Gates. My father was left an orphan at an early 
date, and removed to Concord in 18 17, and lived with Orrin 
Sibley one Winter, and then built a log house on a farm of 
fift}' acres, one-half mile east of Orrin Sibley's. He moved into 
the log house and went to Hamburg and got a pig and brought 
him home under his arm, and put him in a pen near the house. 
One night the pig squealed and mother went out and found a 
bear at the pen. She got a fire-brand and threw at him and he 
left. Soon after the bear came again and mother dro\-e him 
off, and left some fire burning near the pen ; but the bear came 
a third time and got the pig, and killed and eat him up. Some 
of the neighbors built a bear pen of logs, near where the \'os- 
burg cheese factory now stands, and caught two young bears. 
The wolves used to kill our sheep and we could not keep sbeeo 


unless wc put them in a close pen at nis^lu near the house. 
There was j)lent}' ot wild s^anie in the woods, our dot^' killed 
several deer alone, when the snow was deep and the crust would 
bear the doi^. When he killed one he ^\■ould come to the 
house and we would follow him back and t^et the deer. We 
had all the venison and bear meat we wanted. We planted 
and raised a good crop of corn among the logs and stumps, by 
planting the corn w ith an old axe. The)' had three children : 

Li/.ette, born in Concord in 1842, married Thomas Ui)ham. 

Ella, married Addison Lonsbury. 

Jolin is a dentist and li\es in Collins Center. 

AIiiioii I>. Conger. 

Mr. Conger was born in Danb\', Vermont, Jan. 12, 1815 ; of 
Quaker ancestr}'. He was a son of Noah Conger and Hannah 
Griffith Conger. Mr. Conger came to Collins in 1838, where 
he resided until 1877, when he removed to Springville. While 
a resident of Collins he was engaged chiefl}' in farming, but for 
some years past his business has been loaning money and buy- 
ing and selling real estate. He was Assessor in Collins twenty- 
one years. Mr. Conger was a brother of the Hon. Anson G. 
Conger. He was married in 1839 to Sophronia Potter, daugh- 
ter of Peter Potter, formerly of Granxille, N. Y. They have 
had six children, xiz. : 

Noah, born April 26, 1841 ; died, A])ril 27, 1873. 

Hannah M., born Aug. 31, 1844. 

Lydie E., born Now 7, 1847 ! ciied July 8, 1868. 

Andrew W., born June 5, 1850; married Florence Clark, 
daughter of Timoth)- Clark, and resides on the homestead farm 
in Collins. 

Albert PI., born Oct. 24, 1857. 

Jessie M., born Dec. 15, 1859; married Russell F. Prjant . 
resides in Spring\ille. 

Mr. Conger is, in the full accejitation of the term, " a self- 
made man." He began his successful career in humble cir- 
cumstances, and b)' his own unaided efforts he has secured to 
himself and posterity a \'ery handsome competence. He 
informs the writer that the first jnone)' he possessed he earned 
of a neighboring farmer by chopping by the month, and that 


in his early years he made it a rule to lay up something each 
year over and above his expenses. 

George D. Conger. 

Mr. Conger was a son of Abram Conger, who was one of 
four brothers that came to Collins in the Spring of 1817. He 
(Abram Conger) was married in June, 1830, to Anna Hunt. 
Four of their children are now living, viz.: 

Emily married Lyman Clark ; reside at Princetown. Wis. 

Mary Jane married Charles Bartholomew ; reside in North 

Fidelia married John Goodell ; since died. 

George D. Conger was born Dec. 10, 1842, in Collins. His 
time until eighteen years of age was spent on the farm and 
attending school. On the 8th of August, 1861, he enlisted in 
the Forty-Fourth New York Volunteers, Company A ; was 
corporal, and took part in every engagement in which his regi- 
ment was engaged in, except an interval of six weeks in July 
and August, 1862, when he was confined in the hospital. He 
was slightly wounded at the Battle of Gettj'sburg ; was mus- 
tered out of the service Oct. 12, 1864. He was married Feb. 
16, 1865, to Diantha Sampson, and engaged in farming in Con- 
cord. He has at present upon his farm fifty acres of apple 
orchard. In the Spring of 1883, he moved to Springville, N. 
Y., and became a dealer in carriages, wagons, agricultural 
implements and farm produce. He has one daughter. Cora 
May, born Aug. 10, 1869. 

.Tames Curtis. 

James Curtis was originally from W'illington, Conn. He 
came to Concord in 1832, from Onondaga county, and located 
on lot forty-three, township seven, range six, on Sharp street, 
buying his land of Jonathan Mayo. He married Mar}- Marcy, 
a cousin of Governor Marcy of New York. They had four chil- 
dren : 

Zebadiah married Lovice Hall, and died in Concord, about 
1 840. 

Nancy Maria married Erastus Mayo, and died about 1849, 


leaving seven children, viz.: William, Louisa, James, Miner\a, 
Rufus, Cornelia and Delia. 

William T. married Charlotte* Williams first, and Angeline 
Williams second. He died in 1882. in Aurora, Krie count)-; 
no children. 

Origin 1). Curtis. 

Origin D. Curtis was born June 27, 18 1 8, in Onandaga 
county and came to Concord in 1831 ; \\as married the Fall of 
1839 t*^ Lucy Ma)'(). He li\'ed in Concord till the Spring of 
1850, when he moved to Machias ; to Otto, N. Y., in 1864, and 
back to Springville in 1872. hi the Spring of 1881, he went to 
the Red Ri\'er \alley, Polk county, Minnesota, and purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of land. He is a farmer and car- 
penter by occupation. He has eight children, viz.: 

Mar)- C. married L. B. Churchill. 

Julia L. married James Jackson ; reside in Waupaca, Wis. 

Dora married William H. Jackett ; reside in Mansfield, Cat- 
taraugus count)-. 

Jonathan V. married Adda Chase ; reside in Salamanca, N. V. 

Henr\' married Estelle Stanbro ; reside in Concord. 

Edwin married Ida W^idrig; reside in Springville. 

Willis H. married Rosa Barse ; reside in Polk county, Minn. 

George married Etta Widrig ; reside in Springville. 

Mr. Curtis' father, James Curtis, died in Machias,, Cattarau- 
gus county, in 1863. His wife died in Concord about 1878. 

Robert Currau. 

Mr. Curran was born in Dundalf, Ireland, in 1780: came to 
Ulster count)', N. V., wlieti thirteen years of age ; from there 
to Tioga county, N. Y., and to the nortii part of Concord in 
182 1, where he resided until his death, in 1865. Mr. Curran 
Avas one of a famil)- of seven. When he came to Concord, Bos- 
ton corners was called Torrey's corners, and there were but 
three frame houses on the Boston road in the vicinity of the 
corners. Mr. Curran had five children : 

Mrs. A. P. Ellis of East Concord. 

Caroline, who died in 1861. 

William Curran, Esq., of Boston. 

Hiram and Mar)- Curran, also of Boston. 


James F. Craiidall. 

James F. Crandall was born March 20, 1797, in Newport^ 
Rhode Island. His father, WilHam Crandall, followed the 
ocean, and was captain of a merchant vessel that sailed from 
Newport. James F. married Maria W. Edwards, who was born 
in Newport, R. I., also. They came to Concord in 1821. Mr. 
Crandall was a weaver by trade and worked in a factor}- in 
Rhode Island. He worked in a factory after he came here, 
and also kept hotel several years, and was engaged in trade in 
this town and Aurora. He died in Spingville, April 20, 1873, 
aged seventy-six years. His wife, Maria W. Edwards, died May 
20, 1855. 

Their children were : 

George E. 

Sarah G., born Jul)' 16, 18 19, in Rhode Island ; married 
Major Wells and died here about 1844. 

Abajail P., born Feb. 13, 1822, here; married A. H. N\ ing, 
lives in Chicago. 

Emeline, born May 15, 1824, here.; married D. G. Vorce ; 
died in Chicago about 1877. 

Augustus, born June 2, 1831, here. 

Augusta, born June 2. 1S31, here; married William Murray; 
died in California about 1865. 

George E. Crainlall. 

George E. Crandall ^\'as born in Providence, R. I., Jul}- 16, 
1 8 16. Came to this town with his parents in 1821. He was 
married to Polly M. Harvey in Springville, Dec. 22, 1836. He 
has resided in Spring\Mlle about sixt\--two years. He is a prac- 
tical jeweler, and has carried on the business many years. He 
has also carried on the gunsmith business, and has sometimes 
been engaged in farming. 

His children are : 

James F., born Oct. 25, 1837; married Clara Tillotson ; 
resides in New York city, is a jeweler. 

Norman E., May 24, 1849; married Ursula Hammond; 
resides in Ashford, is a farmer. 

L.emuel G., born July 30, 1843 ; married Loretta Hunt ; she 
died in 1877 ; is a jeweler. 


Nelson H., born May 29, 1845 I married Antoinette Casey; 
they have one child, Rianca ; resides in Sprin^ville and is a 

Ellen M., born June 12, 1847 ; married Wilh'am R. l)e Pli}- : 
resides at Sea Cliff, L. I. ; he is a la\\\xM-. 

George A., born Sept. 17, 1847; married Sarah Dorse)-; 
resides at Holland ; he is a jeweler. 

William C, May 20, 1853. 

Ebeiiezer S. (*a<ly, Statoinoiit. 

Ebenezer S. Cady was born in the town of Chatham, Colum- 
bia county, N. Y. Came to the village of Springville in 1858 ; 
is a carpenter and joiner ; was married at Schu}-ler, Herkimer 
county, N. Y., in 1840, to Miss Mary Oyer, who was born in 
1817 at Schuyler, Herkimer county, N. Y. My father, Arnold 
Cad)', was born at Chatham, Columbia county, and serx^ed as 
volunteer of marines in defence of the New York harbor in 
the war of 1812. My mother's maiden name was Sarah Hunt. 
She was born in Washington, Vt. Grandfather's name was 
Ebenezer Cady ; he was a Captain in the war of the Revolu- 
tion. Grandmother's maiden name was Chloe Beebe. She 
was born in Connecticut. The house my grandfather built in 
Chatham in 1761 and '62, was built of pine timber, was taken 
down in 1824 and the timber used in building the Presbyterian 
meeting house in the village of Spencertown, Columbia county, 
N. Y. In this house my grandfather's two sons and fi\'e daugh- 
ters were born. The outside doors were made of pine boards, 
two thicknesses, cut into horizontalh' about half-way of their 
height, and at night barred on the inside with a stick. On the 
farm was an oak grove where the people assembled on the Sab- 
bath to worshi}) (they were Presbyterians), until the)' built a 
church on his farm, the first church in Chatham. This building 
was moved to Chatham four corners, a distance of one and one- 
half miles. The building was put on runners and under the 
runners small sticks were placed for rollers, and many ox teams 
were hitched to each of the runners and in that way the build- 
ing was drawn to the spot and for many years the followers of 
the lowly Nazarene met at this humble church and offered 
their devotions to the God of Abraham, till finally later gen- 


erations have sold the old church for a sheepfold. and built 
another church exhibiting more pride than piety. 

They had six children : 

Lucy A., born in 1840 and died in 1872. 

Sarah J., born in 1844; married Newela French. 

Maryette, born in 1847 -^^^^ died in 1850. 

Cassius M., born in 1850 and died in 1871. 

Ellen G., born in 1853; married Gardner Berry. 

William S., born in 1856 and li\-es in Kalkaska, Mich. 

James A. Cranston. 

Arnold C. Cranston, father of the subject of this sketch, was 
born in Rhode Island March 17, 1799, and was married about 
1 82 1 to Miss Selinda, who was born in Massachusetts July 20, 
1804. They came here from Madison county, N. Y., in 1834, 
and settled a few miles north of Springville on the farm now 
owned by his son, James A., where he lived until his death in 
1869. which was caused by the falling of a limb of a tree which 
he was felling. His wife died Aug. 2, 1877. They had four 
children, all but one of whom were born in Massachusetts: 

Monroe, born April i, 1822; died in 1822. 

Almeda G., born Feb. 17, 1825 ; married Lysander Needham. 

Harriet L., born Nov. 22. 1833; married Wilbur Stanbro. 

James A. Cranston was born Aug. 27. 1828, in Massachu- 
setts, and came with his parents to Concord in 1834. He is a 
carpenter and joiner and worked at his trade a great many 
years, but at the present time confines himself exclusively to 
farming. He was married in 1857 to Miss Polly M. Wilcox, 
They have four children : 

Fred. A., born in 1859; married Jennie Widrig, and lives in 
East Concord. 

Mar\', born in 1865. 

Nellie, born in 1867. 

Lemuel, born in 1869. 

Calkins Family. 

Elisha Calkins and wife (Elizabeth Cross) came from Ver- 
mont and settled in Clinton county, N. V. In the Fall of 1828 
thev moved to Buffalo ; not liking the low lands in the vicinity 


they only .sta)'ed through the Winter, and in the Sprin*;' of 
1829 came to the town of Golden and settled on a farm on 
South hill. Their family consisted of eight children, 01i\'e, 
Polly, William, Moses, Sally, Harrison, John and Hetse)-. The 
girls married and settled in Golden ; two of them are still living 
there, Mrs. Thomas BufTum and Mrs. Jesse Hedges. 

Moses married Elizabeth Abbott, and settled on the hill : he 
is now living at Golden village, but very feeble ; he has one 
son, A. G. Galkins, living in Buffalo. 

John married Susan Southworth, of Boston, and li\ed on a 
farm on the hill. In the Fall of 1856 was kicked by a horse 
and died of injuries received, leaving two sons, John D. and 
Earl, who are now living at South Bend, Ind. 

Harrison married Elizabeth Gunningham, of Goncord, and 
lived on the hill near Glenwood ; he died of consumption in 
1853, ^^^ 1^'ft one son, Hon. Elisha G. Galkins, now li\'ing at 
Kearney Gity, Nebraska. 

William A. cleared a farm in the town of Goncord, attending 
the Springville academy in 1833, when Parsons was Principal 
His health failing, he went down to Staten Island and taught 
school one year, and married Eliza Randolph Rollo, of Staten 
Island ; he came back and went to farming on his farm in Gon- 
cord and lived there about five years, sold out and moved into 
the town of Golden, where he is still living. He had fi\e chil- 
dren, two sons (dying in infancy) and three daughters : 

Jane Rollo married Harry Foote. 

Maria married A. G. Galkins, and Ii\'es in Buffalo. 

Julia married A. J. Swcetapple and li\es in Elma. 

Frederick Crary. 

Mr. Grary was born in Wallingford, Rutland count)-, Vt., in 
1802. His grandfathers, William Grary and John Sweetland, 
were both soldiers of the Revolution, the latter taking part in 
the battle of Bunker Hill. Mr. G. first came to the region 
then called Concord about 1819; subsequently, about 1820, in 
the capacity of a showman, he accompanied the first elephant 
that was ever exhibited in Springville. He was first mar- 
ried in Scipio, Gayuga county, N. Y., to Wealthy Ann Durkee. 


She dying, he was married a second time to Louisa Richmond, 
by whom he had children as follows: 

Marion, who died at six years of age. 

Charles S., who served as Captain of Compan)' F, One Hun- 
dred and Sixteenth regiment New York State volunteers during 
the Rebebellion he died in Springville in March, 1865. 

Ann, married Andrew Neff; resides in Ashford, N. Y. 

Charlotte, married Eugene Mills, and afterwards died, leav- 
ing two daughters. 

While a resident of Sardinia Mr. Crary served three terms as 
Justice of the Peace, and one term in Springville. 

Cyrus Cheney. 

Cyrus Cheney came here from Massachusetts about 1816. 
He married Rebecca Sawyer and lived here a number of years 
and then went back to Massachusetts. When gold was dis- 
covered in California he went there and remained a few years 
and died soon after he returned. The\' had three children, 
Abigail, Sally and .Vugustus. 

Isaac B. Cliilds. 

Isaac B. Childs was born Oct. 13, 1823, in the town of Con- 
cord, and has always resided in this town, and b)' occupation a 
cooper and farmer. Was married to Marsha A. Brown, who 
was the mother of his two children : Ellen M., wife of" George 
B. Baker and Charles F. Childs. She died Nov. 22, 1861. His 
second wife, Mary Ann Jones, died March 12, 1866, leaving no 
children. His third wife, PLmily Pratt, mother of Lowell 
Childs, died Feb. 10, 1873. He was married to his present 
wife, Catherine Oyer, March 10, 1875. His father's name was 
Lewis Childs; his mother's maiden name was Deborah Starks, 
daughter of Jedediah Starks. His father removed from Deerfield, 
Mass., in 1832, and settled on the farm now owned by George 
Weeden, one and one-half miles north-west from Springville 
and worked at coopering. Her also opened and worked a stone 
cjuarry on his farm and for many years furnished stone for a 
large number of the buildings in Springville and surrounding- 
country. He subsequentl}' sold his farm and removed to 

liiOdRAiMiicAi, sKKrciii<:s. 337 

SprinL;"\'ilIc, where he continued to reside until the time of his 
death, in 1853. His mother died July 5, 1873. 

Ellen M. Childs was born March 2t, 1850. 

Charles F. Childs was born June 18, 1854. 

Lowell Childs was born Feb. 3, 1873. 

Colburii Family. 

Orlin Colburn was born at Charlestown, Montgomery county, 
N. Y., June 13, 18 16. When a boy six years of age, he came 
with his parents to Collins, May 20, 1822. The family moved 
into an old log school-house, situated on what is now called 
"Scrabble Hill;" In 1837 he was married to Miss Jane Pea- 
body, who died in 1847, leaving a family of five children, all of 
whom are dead except one. Erastus Colburn was born Dec. 
25, 1841. He enlisted at the commencement of the war, served 
four years and came home unhurt. In 1867 he married the 
daughter of Captain Davis, of Erie, Pennsylvania, and in 1868, 
emigrated to Marysville, Kansas, where he has since been 
engaged in farming. 

Ezra Colburn, the second son of the family, enlisted in 1 861, 
was taken prisoner at the battle of the Wilderness and died 
from starvation at Libby prison. 

Orlin Colburn married his second wife, Sarah Ackley, of the 
town of Persia, Cattaraugus county. Farming has been the 
principal occupation of his life. Has five children by his sec- 
ond wife, viz : John C, born May 2, 1850, married Mar)^ A. 
Hawks in 1874. They have three children. 

Caswell C. resides at Wheeler Hollow, N. Y. 

O. J. Colburn was born May 6, 1852, in Concord, N. Y., was 
married in 1:^79. ^^^ Mary E. Morton, who was born Sept. 3, 

Peter Colburn was born April 29, 1854; married Mary A. 
Sutherland, in 1868. 

Lowell M. Ciiiiiniiiig's. 

Lowell M. Cummings was born in 1847, ''^ the town of War- 
ren, Mass. Came to Springville in 1870, where he was married 
in 1870, to Miss Kate Emmons, daughter of Dr. Carlos Em- 



His father's name was John F. Cummings ; his mother's 
maiden name was JuHa Graves. His ^grandfather's name was 
John G. Cummings ; his grandmother's maiden name was 
Sarah Burroughs. , 

Until the age of fifteen years he remained at home with his 
father's family and attended the Alfred University. Then, in 
the years 1863 and 1864, went to New Hampshire and attended 
Phillips Academy at Exeter, during the years 1865 and 1866, 
then came to Springville and engaged in mercantile business. 
Subsequently read law and was admitted as an attorney and 
counselor-at-law in 1877, leaving since practiced his profession 
at Springville, N. Y. His children are: 

Caroline J. Cummings, born April 29, 1878. 

Carlos Emmons Cummings, born Aug. 7, 18/8. 

Charles D. Cummings, born July 5, 1880. 

Giles Clmrchill. 

Giles Churchill was born at Cherry Valley, N. Y., March 12, 
1786. His father Stephen Churchill was at the burning of 
Cherry Valley by the Indians and Tories in 1778. His moth- 
er's maiden name was Esther Loyd. 

At twenty-one Mr. Churchill began the study of medicine at 
Penfield, N. Y. He studied and practiced there until 18 12, 
when he came to this town and bought land of the Holland 
Company, where the late Calvin Smith lived at the time of his 
death. He served as a soldier on the Niagara frontier in 1812. 
He practiced medicine some in Springville, and taught school 
twelve terms in the vicinity. But his principal occupation was 
farming to which he gave his attention until his death in 1872. 
He was married in 18 1 3 to Abigail Toocker. Their children 
were : 

Eliza Ann married Prentice Stanbro ; died in 1869. 

Emeline died when young. 

Stephen G. married Margaret W'idrig; reside in Wisconsin. 

Marcus B. 

Marons B. Churoliill. 

Marcus B. Churchill was born in this to^\•n in 1825. He is a 
farmer, and has always resided in town. He has filled the 

liKKiKAi'iiicAi. ski: r( I IKS. 339 

office of 1 Ii<;"h\\a\' Commissioner two terms. Mr. Churchill 
married Arminda VanCamp in 1849. Their children are : 

Libbie, married Javan Clark, reside in tow n. 

Charles W., married Jennie Adams, reside in tow n. 

I'^mma, marrietl Spencer \\'idri<4\ reside in town. 

Benjamin Criiinp. 

Mr. Crump was born in Hereford count}. En^^land, May 28. 
1800. He was married in 1830 to t{,lizabeth Lewis, in 1835, 
Mr. C. and his wife .sailed from Liverpool, FLngland ; after a 
voyage of thirt\" fi\e days, the}' landed June i6th, at Amboy, 
N. J. They resided about four years at New Brunswick, N. 
J., then about two years in Buffalo and Canada. In 1838, came 
to the nortli part of Concord, where he located. He afterwards 
moved onto the premises where he now resides, which is situ- 
ated parti}' in Concord and partly in Colden ; the dwelling 
house standing on the town line. He, and his son, Robert, 
who resides with him, consider themselves residents of Colden. 
They had a family of four boys and five girls : 

John L., born in England in 1831 ; married Anna Johnson ; 
resides in Concord. 

Benjamin F., born in 1833 ; married Alanth}- Youngs ; resides 
in Minnesota. 

Samuel, born in 1835 : died in June, 1854. 

Harriet, born in 1837; married William Brink; resides in 

Elizabeth, born in 1839; niarried John Corning; resides in 

Susan, born in 1841 ; married Charles Chandler ; resides in 

Kate, born in 1843; married Charles Cross; resides in 

Sarah, born in 1845 - niarried James E. King; resides in Iowa. 

Robert, born in 1847; niarried Irene Williams; resides in 

Vi<-t<>r ('(>ll:ii'<l. 

Victor Collard was born in Rambruck, Luxemburg, German}', 
in 1832 ; came to this country in 1857 ; was fort}'-eight da}'s cross- 
ing from Antwerp to New York. He came from New York to 


Springville and went to work for Stowel Collins in a carriage 
shop for one year. He had learned his trade and worked at the 
business in the old country; he then went to Sardinia and 
worked at the carriage business since that time ; he was drafted 
into the army in 1862. but hired a substitute for three hundred 
dollars to take his place; he Avas married Mayi i, 1865, to Miss 
Barbara Hery, of North Collins (in which town she was born.) 
Their children are : Carl Collard, Lizzie Collard, Victor Col- 
lard, jr., and John Collard. 

J. Li. Cohen. 

J. L. Cohen was born in 1854, in Russia, Poland, near War- 
saw ; came to Buffalo in 1861 ; is a merchant; was married in 
1875, and came to live at Springville, August. 1871 ; his wife's 
maiden name was Rebecca Gumbinsky ; he was naturalized in 
1879. H^s brother, A. S. Cohen, was a soldier in the Russian 
service for eight years ; was on duty most of the time in the 
Calcassia mountains and now resides in Buffalo. His mother's 
brother, Moses Vortensky, was taken by the Russian military 
authorities, at the age of ten years, and kept in the military 
service for twenty-five years. Mr. Cohen came direct from 
Hamburg to New York, in the German steamship '• Cimbria." 
His children are : 

Betsey Cohen, born Oct. 14, 1876, at Springville. 

Abe Cohen, born Jan. 16, 1879, ^^ Springville. 

Anna Cohen, born Aug. 3, 1 881, at Springville. 

Cliapiu Family. 

William Chapin came here and took up land on lot 45 on 
Sharp street, at an early date, and his father and mother's 
sisters and brothers came to reside with him. William was a 
carpenter and joiner by trade. His brother, Roswell Chapin, 
was Surrogate of this county for several years, and his sisters, 
Mary and Lucy, were early school teachers in this town, teach- 
ing on Townsend hill and several other places. Thc\- lived 
here fifteen or twenty years and then moved away. 

W. H. (lose. 

W. H. Close was born Nov. ij,, 1835. His father's name was 
Clark Close ; his mother's maiden name was Jane Powell ; he 

HiodRAniUAr. sKi-yrciiES. 


was married Jul\' 9, 1S57, to I. aura A. Burnai). Thc\- had six- 
children : 

JuHa .\., born June 14, 185S; married Nathan llilh 

Lillie M., born Feb. 7, i ^6o. 

Tracey B., born Dec. 11, i!^63. 

Minnie B., born Sept. 12, 1S67. 

Ada D., born Oct. 4, 1 870. 

Emma A., born Au<;-. 3, 1^77; died Oct. 16, 1S77. 

Ash Cary. 

Asa Cary came to this town in the .Spring of 1 809. He 
bought land on lot four, township six, range six, where Harri- 
son Pingrcy now lives. He built a house and lived there with 
his family that Summer. In the following Autumn he traded 
lands with a man by the name of Calvin Doolittle and moved 
to Boston, where he afterwards lived and died. 

Truman, the eldest of his large family of children, Avas elected 
Member of Assembly in 1839, besides holding many other 
ofifices of trust during his life. He died at his home in Boston 
in 1880. 



Motto: — Aquila Xo)i Capit Miiscas. 

The Drakes are of English origin, and. according to the old 
English genealogists, the famil)- is one of great antiquit)-. As 
early as the Norman conquest (1066) several families of the 
name were possessors of large estates in the County of Devon, 


England. The coat of arms at the head of this sketch and 
accompanying motto, would indicate an origin perhaps dating 
back to the Roman invasion of Britain. 

Of the EngHsh Drakes, Sir Francis, the distinguished naviga- 
tor, was the most eminent. Of his descendants, two brothers, 
R.obert and John Drake, came to America in 1630. From these 
two brothers descended the Drakes of America. The)' were 
members of the council of Plymouth, and came at first to Bo.s- 
ton, Mass. John finall)^ settled at Windsor, Conn. Of his 
numerous descendants in Connecticut was Ebenezer Drake, a 
soldier of the old French and Indian war. He was born in 
Windsor, Conn., and died there in .'776. He had a family of 
eight children, as follows: Mehitable, Ebenezer, Hezekiah, 
James, Lyman and Clarrissa (twins), Ira and Reuben. Of these 
Hezekiah, Lyman and Reuben e\'entually settled in Concoid, 
N. Y., and from them ha\'e descended all the Drakes now liv- 
ing there. 

The family of Drakes which lived in the earlier histor}' of Con- 
cord, a short distance north of Springville, belonged to a dis- 
tinct branch of the famil}'. 

Lyman Drake came from Otsego county, N. Y., in 18 10, and 
purchased two hundred acres of land near the Eighteen-mile 
creek, in the north part of Concord. The to\\n line subse- 
quently run left half of his purchase in the town of Boston- 
He was an industrious and energetic pioneer ; he planted the 
first orchard in that part of the town ; but his pioneer labors 
Mere brought to a close in 18 18. He was born in 1772. His 
widow whose maiden name was Irena Cole, survived him 
many years. Their children's names were as follows : 

Lyman, Jr., Isaac, Wheeler, Polly, Cordelia, Ebin, Daniel, 
George and Eliza. Of these, Cordelia, Daniel, George and 
Eliza, are the onh" surviving ones 

Wheeler Drake was born Dec. 4, 1799. and came to Concord 
with his father's family in 1810. For ten or fifteen }'ears pre- 
x'ious to his death, which occurred in 1869, he resided on a por- 
tion of his original homestead farm. He was married about 
1833, to Mrs. Sarah Humphrey, daughter of Edward Church- 
ill, Sen. They had three sons, Lyman, Edward C. and Mar- 
.shall C, who reside near the old homestead. 


(ieor^c W. Drake was born March 22, 1S15. in Concord, 
where he resided many years as a farmer. lie now resides at 
{lambur<^, N. V. He married Jane Humphrey, wlio is now 
dead. They had six children, \iz : Austin, married Margaret 
Murrax'; IIumj)hre}', married Alice Mawle\'; Sarah, married 
Walter Chubbuck ; Jennie, married William Olin ; George VV. 
Jr., a talented young man, who died at Fargo, Dakota, in 1883, 
and Ida. 

Hezekiah Drake was born in 1767. Became from Oneida 
count)', N. v., in 1821, to Concord, and located near the Eigh- 
teen-mile creek, in the north part of the town, where he lived 
until his death, in 1848. He was married in Vermont, in 1802, 
to Judeth Prescott, b\- whom he had children as follows: 

Freeman, L\'dia, John, Isaac, Rhoda, Ebenezer H., Ira E., 
and Mar\'. All but the two youngest were born in Vermont. 
Freeman, Isaac and Rhoda are dead. 

Plbenezer H. Drake was born in Vermont, in 1812. When 
a \-oung man he taught school successful!}' in the south towns 
of Erie county, for a number of years and subsequently was 
jailor at the county jail and an overseer in the Buffalo peniten- 
tiar)-. He was married in 1843 to Marj- Goodrich. They have 
two daughters : Amelia, married to Delos H. Townsend, resides 
in Seneca county, N. Y., and Melinda. 

Ira E. Drake was born in Oneida count}', N. Y., March. 
1817, and was consequently four years of age when his parents 
removed to Concord, where he has since lived. He was mar- 
ried in 1840 to Maria Agard, daughter of Joshua Agard, of 
Concord. They have a family of four sons and one daughter, 
as follows; Lauren J., born in 1842, married Mary Anthony; 
was for ten years a railroad conductor in Pennsylvania ; now 
extensively engaged in business at Keokuk, Iowa. Emery A., 
born in 1844, married P'rank Warrington; Walter, born 1846, 
married Sarah Hlakeley ; Lucy, born in 1854, and John, born 
1856, married Anna Williams. 

Reuben Drake was born in 1776. He was married to Nabb}- 
Coole}-, in Vermont, where he was for several years a Captain 
in the Vermont state militia. He removed from Connecticut 
to Jefferson county, N. Y., and from there to the north part of 
Concord, in 1834, where he lived until his death, in 1865. He 


had a family of three sons and four daughters, as follows : Cy- 
rena, Julia, Reuben Cooley, Jennet, Leonard, Orimul and 
Chloe, all born in Connecticut but the two last. Cyrena and 
Orimul are dead. 

Reuben Coole}' Drake was born in the parish of W'inton- 
bury, near Hartford, Conn., Oct. lo, 1814. When fifteen years 
of age he removed with his father's famil)- to Jefferson county, 
N. Y., and to Concord in the Spring of 1834. In 1838 he 
bought wild lands of the Holland Company, on lot five, town- 
ship seven, range seven, which be cleared up, improved and 
built upon and where he now resides. 

He was married in 1850, to Mary Wood, daughter of Robert 
Wood (a native of W^eschester county, N. Y.), and grand- 
daughter of Jesse How, a Corporal in the Revolution. They 
have one son and one daughter, viz : Jay Drake, born June 
30, 1854, is a teacher and devotes some attention to literary 

May Drake, born March 29, 1863, is a teacher. 

Granted to Reuben Drake, by the Governor of Vermont. 
By his Excellenc}', Isaac Tichenor, Esq., Captain-General, Gov- 
ernor, and Commander-in-Chief in and over the State of 
Vermont — 
To Reuben Drake, Greeting. 

You being elected Ensign of the first company of light infan- 
tr)', in the second regiment, second brigade, and fourth division 
of the militia of this state, and reposing special trust and con- 
fidence in your patriotism, valor and good conduct, / do, b}' 
\'irtue of these presents, in the name and by the authority of 
the freemen of the State of Vermont, full}- authorize and em- 
power you, the said Reuben Drake, to take charge of the said 
company, as their Captain. 

You will, therefore, carefulh" and diligentl)- discharge the 
said dut}% by doing and performing ever}- matter and thing 
thereunto relating. You will observe and follow such orders 
and directions as you shall, from time to time, receive from the 
Governor of the State, for the time being, or any other your 
superior ofificer. according to military dicipline and the laws of 


the state. And all officers and soldiers under your command 

are to take notice hereof and yield due obedience to your 

orders, as their Captain, in pursuance of the trust in you reposed. 

/// Testimony Whereof, I ha\'e caused the Seal of this State 

to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand in Council, 
[l. s.| this fourteenth day of September, in the year of our 

Lord one thousand eight hundred and seven, and of the 

Independence of the United States, the thirty first. 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By His Excellency's command, 

William Page, Secretary. 

Cliristoplior Douglass. 

The subject of this sketch came to this town in 1809. He 
settled on lot twenty-three, township six, range six, and lived 
there about twenty years. He is said to have been the first man 
that ever held the office of justice of tlie peace in this town. He 
was the first captain of the Springville Rifle company, and was 
also a side judge when "The Three Thayers " w^ere convicted 
of the murder of John Love. He removed from this town to 
Wisconsin about 1830. The last knowledge the author has of 
his whereabouts he was running a hotel in Wisconsin, in 

Beiijainiu Douglass. 

Benjamin Douglass came to this town and bought hind of 
the Holland Land company in 1809. He lived here two or three 
years and then removed to Fredonia, Chautauqua count}-. His 
son, Daniel W. Douglass, was a member of assembh- from 
Chautauqua count)' in the \'eai" 1 85 I. 

F. K. Davis. 

Mr. Davis' father, Zimri Davis, came from N. H., about 181 5, 
to where the city of Rochester now stands. At that time, 
scarcely a vestige of the city existed. He helped to clear away 
the oak trees standing where the Powers block now is. and 
opened the first meat market. He died in Rochester in 1828. 
The next year the mother, ^hose maiden name was Joanna 
Johnson, with her five small boys, emigrated to Sardinia and 


bought a small farm with slight improvements on the Cattarau- 
gus creek. 

By the exercise of rigid economy, industry and perseverance, 
with the aid of her little boys, she cleared up and paid for her 
land. Mr. Davis relates how his mother would stake out a 
daily stint of chopping and clearing for each one, and would 
frequently take her sewing work and sit among them to encour- 
age them with their work. She died in Illinois, Sept. 19, 1875, 
aged seventy-eight years; her sons' names were Jerome, David, 
Kidder, Edwin and Clifton. 

Francis Kidder Davis was born in Rochester, Oct. 22, 1822 ; 
came to Erie county when seven years of age, and has been a 
resident of the county most of the time since. His occupation 
has been farming and hotel-keeping. 

Mr. Davis attended school at the Springville Academy forty 
years ago, in the old academy building, when students from a 
distance occupied rooms on the lower floor and cooked their 
own provisions, such as was not brought from home alread)' 
cooked. In those days the principal, if unmarried, also lodged 
and occupied rooms in the academy building. At that time, 
money to pay tuition bills was not as easily obtained as now. 
Mr. Davis speaks of cutting cordwood while attending school 
from heaps of logs drawn up to the door, sled length, on what 
is now Main street, to get money to pay his tuition. 

Mr. Davis was master of the first boat that left Rochester for 
a trip over the Genesee Valley canal. He was proprietor of 
the Globe hotel at Yorkshire ten years, and is now proprietor 
of the Forest house, a first-class hotel in Springville. 

He was married Dec. 31, 1846, to Mary F. Goodspeed, who 
was born March 5. 1830. They have six children, as fol- 
lows : 

Byron L., born March 21, 1849; married in 1866 to Dora 

Francis K., born Dec. 11, 1855, married in 1874 to Aggie 
p^Fred G., born June 30, 1858. 

Willie H., born July 27, i860. 

Nettie and Nellie (^twins), born Nov. 14, 1862. 


H. J. Davis. 

H.J. Davis was born in the Town of Concord, Feb. i8, 1838; 
he has always resided in this town; he was married Aug. 13,' 
1863. to Frances M.Wells; they have one child, Archie B.' 
Davis, born July 24. 1867 ; the)' own and occupy a part of the 
homestead of the late Archibald GrifTfith, situated at East Con- 
cord, on lot 35, township seven, range six. Mr. Davis, in com- 
pany with A. E. Hardley, during the year 1872, rented and run 
the American hotel in Springville. They also started and run a 
daily stage line between Springville and Holland, the then ter- 
minus of the Buffalo, New York & Philadelphia Railroad. 
Mr. Davis is at present Deputy Sheriff of Erie count}-. 

♦Taoob Drake. 

Jacob Drake located on the middle part of lot 50. township 
seven, range six, where D. S. Ingals now lives, as early as 
1810 or ■ 1 1, and lived there over twenty years, when he and 
his son. Freeman, went back east where they both died. 

ffohii Drake. 

John Drake, son of Jacob Drake, settled on the south part 
of lot 50, known as the Tice place in 18 10, and died of a fever 
in 1814; his widow married Daniel Tice. His children were : 

Allen, who married May Wheeler, and died in this town. 

Angeline, who married a Mr. Williams, of Chautauqua 

John, who went to Michigan and died there. 

Sarah Ann, who went to Micjiigan and died there also. 

Kli.jali Diiiiliain. 

Elijah Dunham came about 181 i, and settled on lot 50, on 
the place Zimri Ingals so long li\ed afterwards, he remained 
there about fifteen years and then went west. Those of 
the family still living, reside in the northern part of Illinois, I 
believe. I think the first religious meeting that I ever attended 
was held in Mr. Dunham's new frame barn, between fiftv and 
sixty years ago. There were no meeting houses in those days 
in town, and the school houses were so small that they would 


not accommodate a large congregation. The barn is old now, 
but it stands there yet. 

Mr. Dunham's children were Edward, Elvira, Laura, Elmira, 
Artemas and Alva. 

Nicholas ^. I>einerly. 

Nicholas R. Demerly, was born in the town of Collins, Erie 
county, May I2th, 1853, and came to Concord to live in the 
year 1856. His father's name was John Demerly, his mother's 
maiden name was Louisa Root. Is a farmer by occupation ; 
was married February 22, 1876, to Miss Mary Emerling. They 
have no chidren of their own, but have adopted a boy, Frank 
Demerly, who is eight years of age. 

John Deiiiutli. 

John Demuth was born in Eschette, Commune of Folschette, 
Canton of Redingen, Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, July 14, 
1843. Came to America in 1867, landing at New York, Decem- 
ber 1st, of that year. He was married in 1879 ^^ Clara Selzer, 
who was born in Baden, Germany, Aug, 11, 1855. They have 
two children : 

John, born Sept. 26, 1869. 

Henry E., born Sept. 25, 1881. 

Mr. Demuth is now a resident of Springville, where he is 
emplo}'ed in a cabinet maker's shop. 

Dr. Carlos Eniinoiis. 

Dr. Emmons was born in Hartland, Windsor county, Ver- 
mont, June 17th, 1799. He studied his profession in his native 
State, and commenced practice in Washington county in this 
State. In 1823 he came to this county and settled in Spring- 
ville, and soon after married Harriet Eaton, daughter of Rufus 
Eaton, Esq., one of the founders of the village anci for over 
fifty years, and to the time of his death he continued to reside 
in this village, and was one of its most respected, influential 
and honored citizens. Over thirty-eight years of his life were 
devoted faithfully and laboriously to the duties of his profes- 
sion. His reputation as a physician was such that his practice 
■extended over a circuit of from ten to fifteen miles around the 


village. No amount of labor, no scverit)- of weather, no sacri- 
fice of bodily comfort i)re\-ented him from promptly answer- 
ing the calls of professional dut)-. During the long time he 
was in acti\e business no patient ever looked in vain for the 
coming of Dr. Emmons, if previously promised. 

By devoting mind and body to the welfare of his patients he 
secured a competency, and the gratitude of those he attended 
— of the fathers and mothers who lived and died — and their 
children who represented them in the homes they had left. 

In all matters of public improvement, educational, material 
or moral, he was among the most active and influential, con- 
tributing liberally of his means and laboring for the advance- 
ment of all the interests of the village. The Academy found 
in him one of its originators. During all the period of his 
acti\'e life, he was foremost among those who sustained it 
and labored for its success. 

Dr. Emmons twice represented the town of Concord on the 
board of Supervisors of Erie count}'. He was twice elected 
member of the State Assembly from the south towns, and was 
once elected State Senator from the eighth senatorial district 
under the Constitution of 1822. He was also postmaster at 
Springville for several years. 

Dr. Emmons was twice married. By his first wife he had 
three daughters who are residents of Nebraska. By his second 
wife, who survives him, he had one daughter who is a resident 
of Springville. All his daughters are married and have child- 
ren. All his children and children's children were a blessing to 
him in his declining years. 

Dr. Emmons died at his home in Springville, Dec. 12, 1875, 
aged seventy-six years, five months and twenty-five days. 

Rufus £ntoii. 

Rufus Eaton was born June 11, 1770. He came from Herk- 
imer county, N. Y., to what is now Springville in 18 10, and 
bought of Christopher Stone the south part of lot three. He 
built the first saw mill in town and started other industries. 
He gave the land for educational purposes where the Academy 
now stands, and was one of the first Justices of the Peace. He 


was married in 1791 to Sally Potter, who died Nov. 15, 1843, 
aged seventy-six years, Mr. Eaton died Feb. 7, 1845. 

They had eight children : 

Sylvester married Lydia Gardner; died, June 4, 1863. 

Waitee married Frederick Richmond. 

Sally married first a Mr. Eddy, second, VVillard Cornwell. 

Rufus C. married Eliza Butterworth. 

Mahala married Otis Butterworth. 

Elisha married Betsy Chafee ; died, Feb. 25, 1881, aged 
eighty years. 

Harriet married Dr. Carlos Emmons. 

William died a young man. 

Sylvester Eaton was born at Little Falls, N. Y., June 17, 
1792. He had three children by his first wife, viz: 

Peregrine, Judson G., now residing at Smithport, Pa., and 
Mary L., who died young. 

Mr. Eaton was married a second time to Nancy Wilkes, by 
whom he had three daughters: 

Waitee E. and Lucinda who are dead and Rosalie, who 
married a Mr. Prime and resides at Osage, Iowa. 

Peregrine G. Eaton was born July 28, 18 18. He has been 
twice married; first to Alice S. Taylor, who ciied in 1849; a 
second time to Phoebe ^^^ Starkweather. Mr. Eaton has an 
only daughter, Cornelia L., b\' his first wife who married Ches- 
ter Newman. 

Henry Eaton. 

Henry Eaton was born in Springville in the year 1844, and 
was married to Hattie R. Mason, March i, 1882. His father's 
name was Rufus Eaton ; his mother's maiden name was Eliza 
H. Butterworth ; his grandfather's name was Rufus Eaton ; his 
grandmother's maiden name was Sally Potter. 

The Western New York Preserving and Manufacturing Com- 
pany, limited, was organized in 1879, under the laws of the 
State of New York, of which he was Secretary for the first 
three years and in 1 881 was President. ]-5usiness was successful ; 
amount paid farmers for products during the year of 1881 was 
$36,504.09; amount paid for labor in 1881 was $21,675.10. 
Mr. Eaton is also proprietor of a barrel factory in Springville. 


Rufiis C. Eaton died Ali<^. 15, 1876, aged eighty years. 
Mrs. Eliza H. Eaton, the mother, died Aug. i, iS.So, aged 
eight)-one years, six months and twenty-one days. 

Samuel Eaton. 

Samuel Eaton was a ver)' earl\' settler in this town. He set- 
tled on the north side of the Genesee road on the toj) of the 
hill \\'est of Woodward's Hollow. Here he cleared up a farm 
and lived in the neighborhood until his death which occurred 
about 1838. He was one of the earliest school teachers in this 

He had four children : 

Fidelia married Stephen Conger and lives in North Collins. 

Samuel W., lives in Rochester, Minn., and has been Judge 
of the Probate Court in that county. 

Dewitt died when a young man, and Horace, whose where- 
abouts are unknown. 

Williaiu L. Emerson. 

William L. Emerson was born Feb. 16, 1809. His father, 
William Emerson, was born in New Ipswich, Hillsborough 
count}', N. H. He served as a soldier at Plattsburg in the war 
of 1812 and '15. His mother, Lydia Pratt, was born in New 
Hampshire. His grandfather's name was James Emerson. He 
came from England and served as a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war. His grandmother's maiden name was Lydia Walker, 
born in New Hampshire. William L. Emerson was married to 
Maria Chase Feb. 17, 1835. She was born in Dummerston, 
Vt., July 12, 1809. Her father's name was James A. Chase; 
he was born in Guilford, Vt., June 11, 1786. Her grandfather, 
James Chase, was born in Warren, R. I., Nov. 10, I75i» and 
served as a soldier in the Revolution. William L. Emerson 
came from Vermont to Ashford, Cattaraugus county, in 1842, 
and bought of Jeremiah Wilcox, a farm adjoining the Sher- 
man place. In 1850, he bought the Searls place or David 
Goodemote place in the north part of Ashford near the Cat- 
taraugus creek. In 1868, he sold out in Ashford and removed 
to Concord. He has always been a farmer and has followed 
the business successfully. Mrs. Emerson died July 18, 1879. 

Their children are : 


William F., born April 14, 1836; married July 4, 1856, 
Maryette Wiley ; second wife, Sarah Crawford ; lives in Ash- 
ford and is a farmer. 

Edward, born Aug. 3, 183 1 ; married Ellen M. Carman. Aug. 
27, 1871 ; lives in Sardinia and is a farmer. 

Hiram, born May 22, 1840; married Louisa M. Re}-nolds, 
Sept. 21, 1864; second wife. Laura Wells; third wife, Alice D. 
Marsh ; lives in Concord and is a farmer. 

Mary E., born April 14, 1842, lives in Springville. 

Sylvia A., born Sept. 15, 1845 ; married Levi M. Bond, Sept. 
17, 1863 ; lives in Porterville, Cal. 

Clara J., born March 24, 1841 ; married Origen A. Wilcox, 
Aug. 23, i860; lives in Porterville, Cal. 

Arnold J., born Feb. 4, 185 1 ; married Julia P. Carman. June 
10, 1879 ' lives in Sardinia and is a hardware merchant. 

Amos P. Ellis. 

Mr. Ellis was born in Tioga county, N. Y., in August, 1814. 
In 1835 he came from his native place to Gowanda and worked 
one year at his trade (carpenter and joiner). He then came to 
Concord, where he has since resided. For the last twenty-five 
years his occupation has been farming. He was married in 
1837 to Betsey Curran, who was born Nov. 4, 1 808. 

They have had five children : 

Louisa, born Feb. 5, 1839; married George Priel in 1867. 

Elizabeth, born June 30, 1840; died Jan. 13, 1858. 

Eugene P., born April 2, 1842; married Lizzie Bassett in 
1864; was killed April 2, 1881, in a railroad tunnel at St. Louis. 

Edwin (twin), born April 15, i844,married Irene Wheelock in 

Edward (twin), born April 15, 1844. 

Augustus G. Elliott. 

Augustus G. Elliott was an early settler, and had a store on 
the Weismantel lot near the race ; he also at one time managed 
a distillery and ashery ; the ashery stood on the north side of 
Franklin street, on Stephen Smith's lot, and the distillery stood 
on the opposite side of the street ; he also bought cattle and 
drove them to the eastern markets; he took an active part also 

hkh;raphkai. skhtciiks. 353 

ill l)uil(linL;" the SpriiiL;\illc Academy. He was born in Kent, 
Conn., Oct. 20, I77<S, and died Au^-. 26, 1834, at^ed fift)--six 

Cliarh's Kiiierliiijjj. 

Charles luiierling was born July 31, I(S46. in the town of 
Eden, Erie county. N. Y.; came to Concord in the v'ear 1(858. 
His father's name was Philip Emerling ; his mother's maiden 
name was Marian Lamm; he was married May 15, 1877. to 
Mary Ann Belcher ; he owns the farm of 220 acres where he 
lives. He has two daughters : 

Caroline, born Feb. 14, 1879. 

Sarah, born July 2/, 1881. 

Jesse Frye. 

Eben Frye, the father of the subject of this sketch, was of 
Welsh ancestry, his father coming here at an early da}', and 
settled in what was then known as the Province of Maine. 
Eben P'rye took an active jiart in the struggle for American 
independence from the beginning to the close, serving as a 
Captain, and was also promoted to the rank of a Major. After 
peace was declared he also represented the Province of Maine 
in the legislature when it was a dependency of Massachusetts. 

Jesse P"rye, the subject of this sketch, was born at Fryeburg, 
Maine, in the year 1772. Some time in the year 17S0 his 
father moved to Andover, N. H., where he died four years 
after. Jesse, then twelve years old, was ajiprcnticed to a 
clothier and learned this trade, but he did not follow the call- 
ing long. In 1794 he moved with his mother's family from 
Andover to Bath, in the same State, and engaged in the manu- 
facture of brick with a man b}- the name of Haddock. In 1797 
he was married to Betsey Noyes. Six children were born to 
this union, viz.: 

Enoch Noyes, born March 30, 1800. 

James Sanders, born June 10, 1802. 

Moses McKinster, born Sept. 26, 1804. 

Betsey, born Jan. 4, 1807. 

Sarah, born December, 1809. 

Jesse, born Feb. 18, 18 18. 

354 bioc;raphical skp:tches. 

Of these children three are Hving, Enoch, Moses and Jesse. 
Here he remained in business with Haddock until the year 
1810, when he was compelled to sacrifice his business to satisfy 
an obligation incurred by lending his name to a friend. This 
left him but a meagre sum to start out again in life, but he was 
young and full of energy. The Holland Purchase was attract- 
ing much attention, and flattering intlucements were offered to 
settlers. He purchased a span of horses and fitted up a lum- 
ber wagon ; into this he placed his famih', consisting of a wife 
and fi\'e children, and all the worldl}- goods he possessed, and 
set out for the new Mecca, where he arrived some time in the 
Fall of 1810. Buffalo was his first stopping place. Here he 
began business as a green-grocer, occup}'ing a lot and house 
rieht where Pratt & Letchworth's immense retail trade in the 
hardware business on the terrace is carried on to-day. He 
owned a sail-boat and the most of his stock in trade was pro- 
cured in Canada, and much of his profit came from the Indians, 
who were at that time largely in the ascendant. Here he 
remained until the Spring of 18 12, although he had traded his 
house and lot the Fall previous to John Pollc\- for an articled 
claim of lots thirty and thirty-one, in Zoar. In July, the same 
year, he moved his family to Zoar, having pre\'iously built a log 
house for their reception. Here he remained some four}'ears, 
when this claim was traded off to Luther Pratt for a similar 
one on " Poverty Hill," in the Town of Collins. The soil did 
not suit him, and this claim was sold to Phineas Orr, and he 
made another and his last claim, that of P"rye Hill. 

In August, 1 8 16, Enoch and Mack, then boys of twelve and 
sixteen, began chopping just north of the great orchard; some 
four acres were cleared and got into winter wheat that Fall ; 
the )-ield was abundant, and ever since that time until the pres- 
ent Frye Hill has dispensed that old-fashioned, open-hearted 
hospitality that was proverbial among the early pioneers. They 
lived to a ripe age, the wife dying Feb. 4, 1848, aged seventy- 
six years, one month and twenty-one days; he surviving her 
but a few months, and followed her March 27, 1849, aged 
seventy-five years, four months and twelve days. They lie 
buried side by side in the family burying-ground on PVye Hill. 

Enoch N. P'rN'e, now over eight)'-three years old and still 

BKxjRAi'incAi, sKi-:r( MEs. 355 

hale and hearty, occupies the old homestead, with some six 
or seven hundred acres besides. He was married in i<S2i to 
Margaret Wells ; she died Dec. 12, 1882. Ten children were 
born to them, viz.: 

James, born Dec. 17, 1822. 

Ebenezer, born Nov. 27, 1824. 

Louisa, born in 1826. 

Abbott, born in 1828. 

Jesse, born Aug. 20, 1830. 

William, born, June 18, 1832. 

Mar\' and Betse\-, born May 26, 1834. 

John H., born Dec. 13, 1837. 

Helen S., born Jul\-4, 1840. 

Three of these children are dead : Betsey died Feb. 26, 
1847; Abbott died Oct. 27, 1853, and Ebenezer Sept. 21. 1857. 
Louisa married L. J. Vaughn, and now lives in Ashford. 
Jesse married Miss Maria Davidson. William married Miss 
Josephine L. Burgess ; she dying in 1870, in 1874 he was married 
to Mrs. Amy C. Titus. Mary married John Murdock. John 
married Miss Helen Fowler, and Helen, Daniel D. Nash. 

E. N. Frye is a man of sterling character, and in his younger 
days he took an active part in all that tended to advance the 
.prosperity of the new settlement. At the age of sixteen years 
he began teaching, which he followed more or less until other 
cares absorbeci his attention. He also occupied the office of 
Supervisor, and Assessor of the town for a term of years. 

It is nearh' or quite sixt\'-seven years ago since he began 
with an axe to let the sun-light fall upon that soil which has 
ever since been his home. Hopefully toiling on, at first upon 
the articled claim obtained in boyhood years, until he had 
touched the meridian and found himself the possessor of many 
broad acres, but still onward and upward, and now his years 
are verging upon four-score and ten. and \'et each of these 
many active, useful years have w itnessed some improvement in 
his surroundings. 

F<»s<lH'k Family. 

Stephen Fosdick, the great progenitor of the family, was first 
known in Charlestown, Conn., in 1635. His name appears on 


church records as one of the first to organize Harvard church. 
He was one of forty to found New London, was proprietor of 
Fosdick's Neck and Inlet, and participated in the sale of Bos- 
ton Commons, with other privileges granted at that age to 
noted men. History also says he was expelled from the church 
and fined i,"20 for reading Ana-Baptist papers ; was afterwards 
restored to the church by paying the fine. 

Solomon Fosdick, a descendant of Stephen, was born in the 
town of Oyster Bay, Queens county, L. L, April 8, 1776; was 
married to Anna Thorn, a member of the Society of Friends, 
at Coeyman's landing; after that resided at Rockaway, L. I., 
\\here three of their children, viz., Samuel, Angeline and Pru- 
dence, were born. He then removed to Amsterdam, where 
two children, Alice and Elizabeth, were born. He then 
removed to Rensselaerville, Albany county, where three chil- 
dren, Mary T., John S. and Jesse T. were born. Morris was 
born at Oyster Bay, L. 1. In November, 18 19, Mr. Fosdick 
removed with his family to Boston, Erie county, renting and 
living on a place owned by Aaron Adams, after by purchase, a 
place on West hill, and in I^22 the place lately owned by Am- 
brose Torr}', adjoining the town line of Boston, in the town of 
Concord, where he lived until his death, Feb. 11, 1838. His 
wife, Anna Fosdick, died in Springville, N. Y., Aug. 8, 1858 ; 
both were buried at Boston, where a suitable monument was 
erected by their son Morris to their memory. 

Of their children. Prudence married Joseph Alger; she died 
in Boston in 1848; her children, Rollin Alger, Mrs. Mortimer 
Adams, Mrs. A. Oatman and Mrs. Miranda Steele, still reside in 
Boston, where they were born. 

Samuel Fosdick died in 11^64, and was buried in Youngstown, 
N. Y.; his son Hiram resides in Salamanca and is cashier of the 
Salamanca National bank ; his daughter, Mrs. Sarah A. Ells- 
worth, resides in Buffalo, and his daughter by a second mar-; 
riage. Miss Dora Fosdick, resides \\ith her uncle, John S. Fos- 
dick, at Westfield, N. Y. 

Morris Fosdick died in Springxille in 1^72. 

Angeline married Nicholas Bonsteel and li\ed and died at 
■Great Valley, N. Y., leaving four children. 


One of them, Dr. A. S. Honsteel, of Cony, Pa., is w ell known 
as a physician and surgeon. 

Alice married Stillman Andrews, and li\'es in Jamestown. 

Ehzabe'h married Camden Lake and lived and died in 
Springville, N. Y., leaving one daughter, Mrs. Laurette Tabor, 
who still resides there. 

Mar\- T. married James Getty, and resides in East Ham- 
burg, X. V. 

John S. Fosdick was a teacher for forty-five )'ears, is now a 
farmer and resides at Westfield, Chautauqua county, N. \'.; he 
was at one time Superintendent of Education in Ikiffalo, and 
for a number of years was Principal of Westfield academy. 

Jesse T. Fosdick, the youngest, now sixt\--four years old, 
resides at Salamanca, N. Y. He has been in the New York, 
Pennsylvania and Ohio railway compan}''s employ (formerly 
known as the Atlantic and Great Western Railway) for twent}'- 
one years, and has been successful as a railroad man. He has 
acquired the knowledge of controlling a large force of men, is 
conceded honest and upright. Jesse T. Fosdick, in speaking 
of his childhood, always brings to mind the fact that Louise 
Carr (afterwards Louise Alger) taught him his letters, and he 
has through Hfe cherished a friendly feeling, second only to 
that of his mother, towards his early teacher. At their last 
meeting, a few years since, they both showed this attachment, 
and when Jesse became a lad again, and she almost fancied 
herself again his teacher, it was with the utmost difficulty that 
the pent up feelings of half a century were restrained. 

Morris Fosdick, Esq. 

Morris P'osdick, son of Solomon and Anna (Thorne) Fosdick, 
was born Dec. 9, 1804, in the town of Oyster Bay, Queens 
county, N. Y.; learned the trade of shoemaker, tanner and cur- 
rier of Hatch & Alger, in the town of Boston ; afterwards 
worked as a journeyman for Mr. Hoyt, of Buffalo, and Hall 
Brothers (father and uncle of Judge Hall), of Wales ; later 
entered into partnership with Griffin Swain, of Otto, Cattarau- 
gus county ; the\- carried on the business to which he was edu- 
cated several j^ears, sold out his in interest the tannery, and 
became a student at Springville Academy under Professor Par- 


BIOGRAPHICAL skp:tchf:s. 

sons, teaching school several Winters of his student life ; entered 
the law ofifice of Elisha Mack ; admitted an attorney in the 
Supreme Court of New York July 13, 1838; commissioned by 
Gov. William L. Marcy Adjutant of the Two Hundred and Forty- 
eighth regiment of Infantry Nov. 9, 1838 ; admitted to practice 
in both the District and Circuit Courts of the United States Oct. 
II, 1842; appointed Judge-Advocate with the rank of Colonel 
in the Twenty-sixth Division of New York State Infantry Feb. 
28, 1843; admitted counsellor in the Supreme Court of New 
York July 14, 1843 ; admitted as solicitor and counselor in the 
Court of Chancery of New York, July 19, 1843; became a law 


partner with Wales Emmons for a time, and continued to prac- 
tice his profession in Springville up to the time of his death, 
which occurred Feb. 3, 1872, aged sixty-seven years. 

Although a Democrat and living in a town o\-er\\helmingly 
opposed to him politically, he, on several occasions, was elected 
to offices of trust and honor. Elected Justice of the Peace, 
and in 1857, elected Super\-isor and served as Chairman of the 
Board. Served one term as justice of the Sessions. 

With peculiarities and eccentricities, which oftentimes proved 
almost offensive, he, nevertheless, by reason of regard for truth 



and his strict intci;rit\', hardl)' ever failed in retainin<^ the re- 
spect and confidence of those with whom he had business 

In all official positions he was strictly and tenaciously obser- 
vant of his own duties, and was equall)' tenacious in requirin<^ 
from others a due and proper obserx^ance of relations and duties 
toward himself. His fidelity to official trusts was proverbial, 
but was not less so than was his faithfulness to priwate interests, 
entrusted to his care. 

A bachelor throuf;h life he was most eminenth' endowed with 
the most peculiar characteristics of that honorable fraternit)-. 
A good counsellor, an honest man. 

Beii.jaiiiiii Fryo. 

Benjamin Fa\' was born in Athol, Worcester county,, 
Sept 14, 1783. He came here in the Fall of 181 1, to "see the 
country," and settled here in 181 2. His brother, Josiah. had 
been here before he came and selected land, and went back to 
Massachusetts and nev^er returned. Mr. Fay settled on Town- 
send Hill, on lot 59, township se\en, range six, and li\ed 
there till the time of his death, when he owned the whole 
quarter section. When, in his prime, he was an energetic and 
successful farmer ; he served as a soldier on the Niagara frontier 
in the war of i8i2-'i5; he was in several skirmishes and 
engagements on each side of the river, on one occasion a can- 
non ball killed his right hand man. On another occasion at 
Fort Erie, where he and Isaac Knox, of this town, were not far 
apart, a cannon ball passed between them and whirled them 
both around ; he was at the burning of Buffalo, and was com- 
pelled to flee with the others. After the close of the war he 
held several high offices in the militia, was elected Colonel, but 
did not ser\e. He also held several town offices, such as 
School Inspector, Assessor, Commissioner and Justice of the 
Peace. In early days he was one of the leading men of the 
town. June lo, 1819, he was married to Polly Bowler, who 
was born in Guilford, Vt. Mr. Fay died in this town Sept. 17. 
1863, aged eighty years. Mrs. F'ay died in this town Jan. 2, 
1870, aged seventy-one years. There children were: 

Benjamin Albert, born 1820, died in 1822. 


Amos F., born Jan 2, 1822, resides in Indianapolis, Ind. 
B. A., born Sept. 29, 1823, resides in Springville. 
Charles, born April 12, 1826, died Feb. 6, 1863, in this town. 
Ward, born July 28, 1829, is in California. 
Polly D , born Aug. 3, 1836, died June, 1837. 

Neheniiah Frye. 

Nehemiah Fay settled on Townsend Hill in 1816, where he 
lived about twenty-five years, and then removed to Little Val- 
ley, Cattaraugus county, where he and his wife both died, hav- 
ing lived to a good old age. Their children were : 

Nabby, who married Obadiah Russell, and moved to Little 
Valley, where they both died. 

Fannie married Asahel Field, and lives in Little Valle}'. 

James lives in Cattaraugus county. 

Alcander lives in Great Valley, Cattaraugus count}\ 

Solomon Field. 

Solomon Field was born in Uurfield, Mass., on the Connecti- 
cut river, and came from there to Madison count}'. N. Y., 
where he remained a few years. He took up lot three, town- 
ship seven, range seven, in 1809, and located there in the Fall 
of 1 8 10, where he resided until the time of his death. His 
children were : 

Ruth married Royal Twichell, and died several years ago. 

Asahel married Fanny Fay, and died in Little Valle\', Cat- 
taraugus county. 

William married Mary E. Briggs, and died in this town in 

Huldah married Isbon Treat, and died in Colden. 

Porter married in this town and removed East. 

James Flemmings. 

James Flemmings was born in Massachusetts in 1786, and his 
wife, Sally Loomis Flemmings, was born there in 1789. They 
came to this country and settled first in Boston, in 181S, and 
afterward came to Concord in 1822. Mr. Flemmings was a 
farmer and carpenter and joiner, and built houses and barns, 
many of which are still standing. He lived for a while on the 


Genesee road, \vi;st of Townsend Hill, and afteward bought a 
farm on the south part of lot fifty-one, townsjiip seven, range 
six. His house stood near the foot of the hill which was for a 
long time called h'lemmings Hill. The old house still stands. 
After a while he sold his farm and removed to Springville, 
where he was engaged in trade for some time, and then removed, 
to Ashford, Cattaraugus county, where he died Dec. 19, 1866, 
aged seventy-nine yeans and eight months ; his wife died March 
14, 1854, aged sixty-five years. 

Their children were: 

Jane, James, Hannah, Sally, Joseph, Parker and Margaret. 

Jane married E. T. Briggs ; after his death she married Will- 
iam Field, who is also dead. She is living in Springville. 

James married Nancy Norcott and died in Springville, Sept. 
6. 1867, aged fifty-four years and eight months. 

Hannah married Samuel Wheeler and died Sept. 24, 1841, 
aged twenty-five )'ears. 

Sally married first, Adoniram Blake; second, Elam Chandler 
and died Feb. 25, 1880. 

Joseph li\'es in Springville. 

Parker married Susan Babbett and died in Ashford in 1873, 
aged forty-seven. 

Margaret married Horace B. Harrington and died in Ellicott- 
ville in 186 1, aged 31 years. 

.Tosepli B. Floiiiiiiiiigs. 

Mr. Flemmings was born in Concord on Towsend Hill, March 
1 1, 1822. He was a son of James Flemmings, one of the early 
pioneers of the town. His mother's maiden name was Sally 
Loomis. He attended school at the Springville Academy dur- 
ing the year 1840. He was married in 1842 to Harriet Bisby. 
They have one daughter, Mrs. Calvin C. Smith, born Aug. 4, 
1844, and one son Ernest, born Feb. 27, 1856. Mr. Plem- 
mings has resided principally at Springville and Salamanca. 
His occupation is that of architect and builder, in which he is 
ver\- skilled and proficient. Man}- of the finest residences and 
structures in Cattaraugus county and Springville are of his 
planning and building. Of those of which he was either the 
architect or builder or both, ma}' be mentioned the Leland 


House and the residence of J. P. Meyers, in Springville ; the 
residences of Hon. Commodore Vedder, EHicottville, and Syd- 
ney N. Delap, Mansfield, and the large lumber mill of James 
Fitts at Salamanca. 

Abraiii Fisher. 

Abram Fisher came from V'ermont to this town (Concord) in 
1829, and bought of Peter Tice, brother of Daniel Tice, fifty 
acres of land on the south part of lot fifty, township seven, 
range six. About 1836, he moved from this town to Boston, 
and from there he moved to the West Branch in the town of 
North Collins, from there he moved to Pennsylvania, where he 
died in i860. He was a farmer. 

His children were : 

Acsah, who died about 1850 in Vermont. 

William, the stage driver and violinist, w ho died in Pennsyl- 
vania about 1875. 

Richmond died in North Collins about 1840. 

Sarah Ann died in Buffalo about 1865. 

Nelson died in North Collins about 1840. 

Perry died in North Collins about 1840. 

Roswell lives in Pennsylvania. 

Erasmus lives in Springville. He was born in Concord, the 
other children were born in Vermont. 

Philip Forriii. 

Mr. P"errin's father, Ebenezer Ferrin, came from Hebron, 
Grafton county, N. H., to Concord ( Horton Hill), in the Fall of 
181 5, with his family. The next Spring he located land in 
Concord, where the Warner place now is, lot fift\'-two, range 
six, township seven, where he lix'ed until his death, March 9, 
1852. He was born in Hebron, N. H., Sept. 4, 1777, where he 
was married Nov. 26, 1801, to Lydia Phelps, who was born 
March 9, 1782. She died about 1855. 

Fourteen children were born to them, all but one li\"ing to 
mature years as follows : 

Francis, born May 16, 1803; resides in Minnesota. 

Samuel, born Nov. 12, 1804; resides in Utah. 

Jesse, born Ma}- I, 1806; resides in Allegan}' county, N. Y. 


Mary, born Aul;". i, uSoj; resides in Iowa. 

Alice, born March 1<S, i<So<S ; died about i^S^q. 

Unice, born Aug. 9, i.Sio; died about 1857. 

Harvc}', born Aui;-. iS, i.Sii ; died Ma}- lO, 1840. 

Lydia, born Jul\' 19, 1813 ; died about 1863. 

Philip, born June 29. 181 5; resides in Sprin<^ville, N. Y. 

Nathan, born Ju!_\- 12, 1818; resides in Indiana. 

Adna P., born Jul\- 12. 1820. died about 1858. 

Achsa, born Feb. i, 1822: died April 5, 1822. 

Luc}". born l^\'b. 16, 1823 ; died March 7, 1849. 

Lodica M., born jul\' ij , 1825 ; resides in Allegan}' county 

Mr. Philip hV'rrin has al\\a}'s been a resident of Concord, and 
a successful and \er\- industrious farmer. He was married 
Feb. II, 1841, to Kmeline Stanbro. 

Ten children haxe been born to them, \i/,. : 

Charles A., born March 21, 1842; married P^lizabeth Reed. 

Andre\\- Clark, born Nov. 13, 1843; married. I 1st), Georgie 
Long, (2d). Josephine Long. 

Ann, born Dec. i i. 1845 ; died Jan. 30, 1846. 

Ward, born Dec. 21. 1847; niarried. (ist). Lmeline Reed, 
■(2d), Mrs. Amelia Horton. 

Alice L., born Ma}- 19, 1849; ^""^^ Sept. 28. 1850. 

Ella L.. born Aug. 28, 1852 ; married Clark Churchill. 

Horace Lee, born Aug. 21, 1854; married Kate Hurd. 

Nelson A., born Jvd}- 2^^, 1857; married Ella Long-. 

Carrie E., born June 20, 1859; died, 1863. 

Herbert \V., born June 29, 1862 ; married kla J^lackmar. 

.loliii Fe<l<li<*k. 

John h'eddick was born in 1837, in Paris, P" ranee, and is a 
farmer. His wife's maiden name was Margaret Her}-, born 
also in Paris. Came to Buffalo in 1852; was married in 1858. 

His father, Nicholas Feddick, settled in the town of Collins, 
on a farm and lived there until the time of his death, in 1879. 
His family consisted of t\\el\e children, si.\ (^f whom died at 
an early age and a daughter died in 1878; five are now living. 

John Feddick sa}-s : " My two surviving brothers live in the 
town of Collins. One of \\\\ sisters li\es in the town of Flden 


and the other in Sauk count\% Wisconsin. I left Collins in 
1859, ^^'ent to Iowa, from Iowa to Missouri, from Missouri to 
Kansas, from Kansas to Omaha, Nebraska, thence back to 
Davenport, Iowa. I enlisted in the 2d Iowa Ca\alr}-, Company 
' E,' Captain Kendrick, attached to Colonel Elliott's Regiment. 
Continued in the service from 1862 to the close of the war. 
Was in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Juka, Port Hudson and 
others of lesser note, including the Siege of Vicksburg. Was 
discharged at Eastport, Mississippi ; returned to Gowanda, and 
soon after came and settled in Concord." His children are : 

George, born Dec. 10, 1859. 

Nettie, born Nov. 19, 1861. 

Mary, born Oct. 19, 1862; died April 24, 1876. 

Emma, born Jan. 10, 1866. 

John, born Aug. 2, 1868. 

Peter, born July 5, 1870. 

Victor, born June 16, 1873. 

Helen, born June 21, 1878. 

Lettie, born Jan. 8, 1881. 

The Foote Family. 

Ransford T. F"oote was born in Litchfield count}', Connecti- 
cut, Jan. 6, 1806. Susan Foote, his wife, was born in the same 
count}-, Dec. 2, 1805. They came to Otto, Cattaraugus county, 
in 1826, and to Concord in 1838. In his younger days Mr. 
Foote worked at shoe making as well as farming. He now 
owns, occupies and conducts a large dair}--farm in the north- 
east part of Concord. 

They have one son, Harr}- Foote, who was born in Cattar- 
augus county, March 22, 1832. He was married Feb. 11, 1864, 
to Jane Rollo Calkins, who was born Aug. 23. 1838. They 
have no children. He resides near his father. They are indus- 
trious and prosperous farmers and are highh- esteemed in the 

Mrs. R. T. Foote's father's name was Wheeler Atwood and 
her mother's maiden name was Susannah Stoddard. I learn 
from the history or her nati\e town in Connecticut, that her 
ancestors on both sides, were among the earliest settlers in 
Massachusetts and Connecticut. Some of them cominu" over 


as early as 1639 ; and I also learn from the same book that 
they were among the first families in the communities in which 
they lived. Several of them were graduates of Harvard Col- 
lege and some of them were ciergN'nicn, and some were doctors. 


We came to Otto, Cattaraugus count}-, from Connecticut, in 
November, 1826. It took us four days to go from Buffalo to 
Otto. Mr. F'oote went to Otto because he had relatives there. 
The first winter we lived in a log-house with another family, 
named Buttcrfield. The house was eighteen by twent)- feet. 
The floor was split out of bass-wood logs, and there was but 
one six-lighted window. The sash were small slats nailed 
together and paper was pasted over the sash and then greased 
and used as a substitute for glass ; and in the center there was 
a small piece of glass, as large as the palm of your hand, fitted 
so that we could look out. The chimney had a stone back 
up a few feet but no jambs ; the top was finished out with 
sticks. Some time during the first winter, about ten o'clock 
one night I was up and at work hetcheling flax, all the others 
in the house having gone to bed, when I heard my geese 
squall fearfully outside, near the house. I went out and saw a 
long, low animal near the geese. I tried to scare him awa}-but 
he stood there some time, and when he turned up his head to 
look at me, his eyes shown like two balls of fire ; he finall\- went 
away. I told Mr. Butterfield what I had seen and he went the 
next morning and examined the tracks and said it was a cata- 
mount. The wolves then were \ery numerous. I ha\'e often 
listened to their bowlings in the night and the}- \-er}- often 
killed sheep in the neighborhood and in difl"erent parts of the 
town, and the inhabitants generally turned out at different 
times to hunt and destro}- or dri\'e them out of town. 

Deer were very thick then. I have frequently seen them in 
the fields and near the house. One morning I looked out and 
saw five fine looking deer feeding beside the garden fence. 

The second year after we came to Otto, we had managed to 
get two cows, and I made butter and had saved up a consider- 
able quantit}-. I wanted some groceries and Mr. Foote took 
his oxen and carried me and several of the neighboring women 

366 bioc;raphicai. sketches. 

to Lodi, ten miles, to trade. We started before daylight and 
forded the Cattaraugus, and when we arrived at Mr. Plumb's 
store he asked us what \\e wanted to get for our butter. I told 
him I would like to get some groceries ; he said he could not 
sell groceries for butter, but would let me ha\'c shelf goods; 
hs said he was then paying six cents for butter (just previous 
he had paid but five cents). So I had to sell my butter for 
shelf goods and go home without an}' groceries. Since that 
time we have sold butter for fifty cents per pound cash, and 
have kept and milked between thirty-fixe and fort)' cows at a 

The second year after we came to Otto our tax was one dol- 
lar and fifty cents, and when Mr. Allen, the collector, came for 
it Mr. Foote told him he had no money and he knew of no 
way that he could get any. Mr. Allen said to him that he had 
some money that he had received from the town, and that he 
would pay the tax, and Mr. Foote, who was a shoemaker, 
might come over to his house and make up some shoes for 
his family, which he did. One year in the time of the Rebel- 
lion, Mr. Foote paid as much as $140 tax, and he said he 
could pay that tax easier than he could raise that one dollar 
and fifty cents in money at that time. 

W. Wallace Fieiioli. 

W. \\\ P^rench was born in the year 1828, in the Town of 
Bennington, Vt.; came to Concord in 1831 ; is railroad agent; 
was married to Celestia Pratt, who was born in Willink, Erie 
county, N. Y., September, 1837. ^^'^ father's name was Rus- 
sell French ; his mother's maiden name was Julia Catlin ; both 
living at Waverly, Cattaraugus county, N. Y. His grand- 
father's name was William French : his grandmother's maiden 
name was Lydia Esterbrook : both buried in Springville ceme- 
tery: grandfather died Jan. 27, 1840, aged sixty-one years; 
grandmother died May 21, 1849, '^ged sevent}' )'ears. 

They had one daughter, Nettie D. P'rench, born at Buffalo. 
N. Y., Oct. 26, 1862 ; died at Springville, June 13, 1881. 

Frecleriok Fox. 

P'rederick P\)x was born in 1833, ''"' P^rlah-Baden. German)', 
and worked at farming until he came to this count)'. He 

luocRAi'iiicAL SKi:r(M[i:s. 367- 

started to come here Nov. 7, i860; his brother Leo and sister 
Mary M.came with him. Tiiey embarked at tlie Cit)-of Havre, 
in France, and were ft)rt)' da)'s on the ocean to New York. 
They came from New York to Huffalo. and from Buffalo to 
his brother Christian's, in Ashford. He worked for him one 
year and for George Hughey three years. He was married 
June 1, 1865. to Mary M. Utrich, of Ashford (her native place 
was North Collins). They moved to Springville and com- 
menced keeping hotel in 1865. The\' have since re-built and 
enlarged the hotel, and continued to keep the same until 1883, 
when he sold out to Theodore Frew. 

Their children are : Frank G., Mary L., CTara L.. antl Fred- 
erick William. 

("asiKT Faurliiij'". 

Casper Faulring was born May 27, 1839. in the State of Sax- 
ony, 'Germain' : is a farmer b}' occupation ; was married March 
I, 1868, to Barbara Foster; his father's name was Frederick 
Faulring; his mother's maiden name was Margaret Taff ; his 
fatlier's famih' came all together frcMii Germany in 1854;. 
shipped on a sail vessel at Hamburg, Germany, for New York, 
and landed in New York Jan. 9, 1854; they were sixty-four 
days in making the passage; it was a long, cold and rough time. 
They settled on the farm where he now lives. 

They have seven children : 

John, born Dec. 9, 1868. 

Frederick, born April 9. 1869. 

Mary, born Jan. 1, 1871. 

Ferdinand, born Sept. 4, 1873. 

Chris, born March 6, 1876. 

Casper, born Jan. r, 1878. 

Louisa, born May 7. 1881. 

fianu's l>. Fiilh'r. 

Mr. b\iller's father, John (i. Fuller, was born in Drx'den, 
Madison count}-, N. Y., ^Liy 11, 1805; from there he went to 
Penns\-lvania ; from Penusyhania he came to Ashford, N. Y., 
in 1825; he died in Sardinia Sept. 24, 1881. He was married 
to Florilla Studley. 


James D. Fuller was born in Ashford, Cattaraugus county, 
N. Y., Feb. 28, 1845 ; about 1850 his father's family moved to 
Sardinia. In 1868 Mr. Fuller moved to Concord, where he has 
since resided; his occupation is farming. Mr. F. enlisted Aug. 
9, 1862, in Company F, One Hundred and Sixteenth regiment, 
New York State volunteers, and participated in all the battles 
and campaigns in which his regiment took part ; he was mus- 
tered out of the service June 26, 1865. Mr. Fuller was married 
in 1866, to Emily N. Crosby. They have four daughters : 

Alice M., born Feb. 10, i^yo. 

Myrtie, born Feb. 3, 1873. 

Gertie E., born Sept. 5, 1874. 

Nettie, born March 29, 1876. 

Benjamin C. Foster. 

Benjamin C. Foster came and located on lot fifty-one, town- 
ship seven, range six, before the war of 18 12, and was the first 
on that lot ; he set out the orchard that still stands a short dis- 
tance up the side-hill on the old Amos Stanbro place, and there 
is where his log house was located. His children were Otis, 
Susan, who married Stukely Stone, Polly, Adaline, Lucy, Delia, 
Benjamin and Samuel. 

Benjamin C. Foster and Stukely Stone went from this town 
to Cambria, Niagara county, sixty years ago, and finally to 
Hume, Allegany county. 

John S. Foster. 

John S. Foster, brother of Benjamin C, came here after the 
close of the war and built him a house beside his brother's on 
the same lot and remained a few years and then removed to 
Hartland, Niagara county, where he died. His children were: 

Frelove, who married Whitman Stone. 

Lovica, who married Levi Palmer. 

Sally, who married Ephraim Needham, and now resides in 
Brant, this county. 

Amanda, who married Uriah Chappel and lives in Kendall 
county. 111. 

John S.. lives in Brant. 

George W., lives in Elkhart, Ind. 

Amy and Alma, dead. 


Theodore Frew. 

Theodore Frew is a son of Joseph Frew and Christina (Bru- 
der) Frew, who emigrated from Baden, Germany, in 1831. 
Theodore was born Oct. 13. 1833. in Boston, Erie county, N. 
Y.; at fifteen years of age he went to Boston, Mass.; was there 
six \'ears, and in 1858 he went to New Orleans, where he 
remained until the occupation of that city by the Union army, 
under General Banks, in 1863, when he joined Banks' army as 
member of the engineers' corps, and returned north at the 
close of the war. Mr. F"rew was a merchant and Postmaster at 
East Eden, N. V., for eight years, and removed from that place 
to Springville, N. Y., in 1883, where he became proprietor of 
the Farmers' hotel. He was married Jan. 10, 1865, to Frances 
^^'ebber; they have five children. 

Seth W. Godard. 

Seth W. Godard, a son of Nathan Godard and Bertha Briggs 
Godard, was born in Massachusetts, in 18 14, and was brought 
to this town by his parents in 1816. In his boyhood days he 
worked at farming, and chopping and clearing land. He after- 
wards learned the shoemaker's trade and worked at that several 
years. He bought and sold cattle, and he also drove cattle to 
the eastern market. He also owned and bought and sold 
farms, and he was for a time in the dry goods trade. 

He studied law, and was several times elected to the ofificeof 
Justice of the Peace. He was elected to the office of Super- 
visor of Concord for ten terms, and in 1855 he was elected a 
member of the Legislature. He was a good financier and 
acquired a good property. He was liberal and public spirited, 
and was highly esteemed b\' all who knew him. He never 


James Ooodeiiiote. 

The Goodemotes came to Ashford, Cattaraugus count}-, from 
near Kinderhook, Columbia county, N. Y., where James' 
father, Philip Goodemote, was born in 1796. He came to Ash- 
ford about 1816, and bought land of the Holland Land com- 
pany near the Cattaraugus creek. He was then unmarried and 
was accompanied by his brother John. In the Fall of 1820, 
their father, John Goodemote, and their brothers, Baltus, Harry 
and William came, all settling in Ashford. 



Philip, father of James, a soldier of 1812, was married in 
1820 to Harriet Vosburg. They had four sons and four 
daughters: James, EHza, PhiHp Jr., Ann, John, Sally, David 
and Sophia. 

James Goodemote was born in Ashford in 1821 ; was mar- 
ried in 1846 to Maria Wilcox. They have two children living : 
Linda married Warner Bond, and James P. Mr. Goodemote 
lives on the first farm cleared in the Town of Ashford ; it was 
cleared about 181 5 by Nathan Sanders. Mrs. Goodemote's 
father owned the farm fifty years ago, and it has been in pos- 
session of the family since. 

C'orneliiis Ciraif. 

Cornelius Graff was born in Concord, in 1837, where he now 
resides. He enlisted August, 1861, in company F, One Hun- 
dred and Sixteenth New York volunteers; was with the regi- 
ment until he was mustered out at Washington, in December, 
1863. He took part in the storming of Port Hudson, the Red 
River expedition, etc. In August, 1863, while crossing the 
Shenandoah river, he was wounded. 

He was a son of Barney Graff, who was born in 1796, and 
came to Concord from Montgomery county, N. Y., about sixt}-- 
six years ago, and settled in the vicinity of East Concord where 
he lived until his death, in 1867. 

Aioliibald Griffith. 

Mr. Griffith came to this town from Rhode Island in 1S15, 
and located in the northeastern corner of lot thirty-fixe, and 
was the first settler on that lot. Although he was by occupa- 
tion a farmer he also taught school in early times and also sur- 
veyed some for the settlers. He was a successful business man 
and acquired quite a large property, and at one time held the 
ofifice of Justice of the Peace. In 1867, he made a liberal dona- 
tion to the Springville Academy, in consideration of \\'hich its 
name was changed to Griffith Institute. Mr. Griffith after- 
wards bequeathed over ten thousand dollars to the institution 
as a permanent fund, to be used mainly for the education of 
orphan and indigent children of the Town of Concord. 

He had no children, and died Jan. 8, i87i,aged seventy-nine 



years and four months. His wife Sarah died March 13, 1875. 
aged eiy^hty x-ears and seven months. 

I>avid E. Griffith. 

David E. Griffith's father, Hezekiah Griffith was born in 1790 
m Stephentown, Rensselaer county, N. V.. from which place he 
came to Concord about 1830, and settled at Waterville, on lot 
thirty-eight, where he lived until 1865. He died in West 
Seneca, in 1872. 

He was married in Stephentown to Millicent Beers ; she died 
in 1870, aged seventy-seven years. They had ten children viz • 
Jonathan, William, Esther, Lydia, Simeon, Robert, Electa 
David E. Peter and Alvira. 

Esther married Arnold Wilson, and died in Boston, Erie 

Lydia married Philander Flint ; died in 1843, aged twenty- 
four years. 

Simeon — dead. 

Electa died in 1849, aged twenty-one years. 
Alvira died in 1841, aged four years. 
The remaining f^ve are living at the present time. 
David E. Griffith was born Sept. 3. 1830 ; he has always b^en 
a resident of Concord. He has been twice married ; first in 
1857, to Sarah Ackerson, of Orleans county ; she died in 1869 
aged thirty-four years, leaving two daughters. Flora and Alice' 
I\Ir. Griffith was married a second time to Gelana Farman by 
Avnom he has si.x children-Fred, Nina, James, Hattie, Robin 
and Susie. 

Yates Gardinier. 
Vates Gardinier was born Dec. 12, 1839 ; his father's name is 
Abram Gardinier; his mother's maiden name was Anna Yates 
I hey came to Concord from Fultonville, Montgomery county' 
V \. His wife's maiden name was Selinda Smith, dau-hter 
of Calvin Smith; was married July 23. 1862. Their children'are 
Stephen A., born June 16, 1865. 
Hattie B., born Jan. 25, 1866. 
Leslie, born Oct. 26, 1868. 

Mr. Gardinier was called in the military service in the war of 
the rebellion, at the time Gen. R. E. Lee invaded Pennsyl- 
vania ; was on dut\- but a few weeks. 


Albert S. Oaylord. 

Albert S. Gaylord, son of Horace and Rebecca Gaylord was 
born in Broome county, N. Y., Sept. i. 1839. When young his 
parents removed to Concord, where he has since resided, now 
owning and conducting the saw mill west of Springville, known 
as the Gaylord mill, and is also engaged in farming. He built 
the mill in 1867. At one time the mill was principally used for 
manufacturing cheese boxes ; a planing mill is now connected 
with it. Mr. Gaylord was married May 8. 1861, to Mary Jane 
Fuller, daughter of Ira H. Fuller. 

They have a family of five children : 

James G., born Sept. 8, 1862. 

Vinton D., born May I'j, 1864. 

Clinton D., born Oct. 7, 1869. 

Albert, born June 7, 1872. 

Mary Grace, born Oct. 21, 1878. 

Stephen B. Gaylord. 

Stephen B. Gaylord was born in Homer, Cortland county, N, 
Y., April II, 1807. ^t seventeen he was apprenticed to the 
cabinet makers' trade in his native town ; at the close of his 
term of serx'ice he set up in business for himself, which he fol- 
lowed until 1847, ^vhen he came to Springville and engaged in 
an extensive cabinet and undertaking business which he carried 
on until a few years since, when he relinquished it. He was 
married in 183010 Huldah Brewer. 

They have had six children : 

Henry, married to Mary Belden ; is a book-keeper in Chi- 

Caroline, died in Cortland county, N. Y. 

Franklin S., married Louise Shankland ; is a farmer and fur- 
niture dealer at Brighton, Mich. 

Manlc)', married Maria liutterworth ; is a photograph artist 
at Medina, N. Y. 

Mary E., married liarry Townsend, a dentist at Pontiac, 111. 

John B., married to Ella Webber; is a commercial agent in 

Allen Goorteiiiote. 

Allen Goodemote was born in .Xshford, Cattaraugus county, 


Feb. 12, 1 83 1. His father's name was David Cioodemote, and 
his mother's maiden name was CaroHne V'osbur^h ; his Ljrand- 
father came from Cokimbia count}', N. Y.; his fatlier died in 
Ashford in 1S33 : his mother married J. G. Searle and went to 
Ilh'nois in 1844. In i850he went across the phiins to Califor- 
nia, and returned in 1862: went back in the I^^ill of 1863 and 
came home in the Fall of 1864; he built the first mill in Ne- 
vada for crushing the quartz of the Comstock lode ; he built a 
steamboat at LaCrosse, Wis., on the Mississippi, in 1865, and 
commanded it for a while, and then sold it and removed to 
this place. In the Fall of 1865 he came to Springville and 
bought the farm of W. P. Mills, lying south of the village and 
moved on to it in July, 1866: in June, 1879, '""-' ''^ent to the 
mining regions of Colorado ; returned in January, 1880. Was 
married June 10, 1866, to Miss Aurelia I. Golden, of Hancock 
county. 111. Their children are Jessie, Lysander C, Gracie and 
Cora (twins), and Greeh' R. 

Abram Garclinier and Family. 

Abram Gardinier was born in Fultonville, Montgomery 
county, N. Y., May 9th, i8oo. Piis father's name was Thomas 
Gardinier and his mother's maiden name was Mar\' Harden- 
burgh. In 1828 he was married to Anna Yates. Eight years 
later he came to Concord and after casting about for some time 
in search of a desirable location he purchased of Reuben Wright, 
240 acres of land situated one and one-half miles north-east of 
East Concord, on lot twenty-nine, township seven, range six. 
about fift)' acres of which had been partially cleared. He set 
vigoroush' to work, making impro\-ements, clearing land, etc. 
He built what was considered in those days, a model residence, 
in which he resides at the present time. Their children were : 

Thomas, born Oct. 11, 1830. 

Joseph Y., born Oct. 13, 1832. 

Mary E., born Sept. 5, 1834. 

Isaiah H., born May 3, 1837. 

Yates, born Dec. 12, 1839. 

Elias, born April 7, 1842. 

Robert, born Jul\- 31, 1844. 

John H., born Now 13, 1846, 


Mrs. Anna Gardinier died Nov. 12, 1882, aged seventy-five 
years, five months and eight days. 

Isaiah Gardinier. 

Isaiah Gardinier was born in the town of Concord, May 3, 
1837. His boyhood days were spent in his native town, of 
Avhich he was a resident until the year 1861, when he went 
west and purchased land located near Blue Earth City, Fari- 
bault county, Minn. In the Fall of 1862, occurred the mem- 
orable Sioux outbreak, which was the signal for a general and 
immediate exodus of the settlers from the scene of danger. 
His description of the affair is very vivid. 

This outbreak was the most bloody of any that ever occurred 
in the United States. It is estimated that a thousand or more 
whites were slain. Ten days after the outbreak a company of 
Wisconsin soldiers were sent to the relief of the settlers and 
under their protection Mr. Gardinier, with others, returned to 
his and their farms. 

After securing his crops Mr. Gardinier came to this town, of 
which he has since been a permanent resident. He resides one 
mile north-east of P^ast Concord, on what is commonl}- known as 
the Freeman farm. He was married March 18, 1868, to Harriet 
E. Hemstreet. They have two children, Annie and Allie. 

Mr. Gardinier has been Assessor of Concord two terms. 

George W. Goodell. 

George W. Goodell was born Feb. 22, 1816, near Lake 
George, N. Y.; came to Concord in 1823. He ^\•as a farmer 
and was married Sept. 15, 1847, to Martha A. Luck, who was 
born in Buffalo, May 7, 1829. His father's name was Ezekiel 
Goodell ; his mother's maiden name was Lydia Carpenter. 
George W. Goodell died March 30, 1879. His father came to 
Concord in 1825, and lived there until the time of his death, 
which occurred August, 1857. Mrs. Martha A. Goodell, his 
wife, survives. Their children are : 

Charlie E., born April 11. 1852 ; died July 28, 1878. 

Ida L., born Oct. 25, 1855 ; died Nov. 5, 1862. 

Leighton M., born Sept. 20, 1857. 

Mary A., born April 18, 1859; died Oct. 24, 1862. 

Henry, born Sept. 5, 1864. 

John \V., born Feb. 5, 1865. 


Elijali (ii-jivi's. 

Elijah Graves was born in Hatfield, Mass., in the year 1814, 
and came to this state from Amherst, Hampshire count}-, 
Mass.. in the year 1841. His father's name was KHjah Graves ; 
his mother's maiden name was Eunice Smith. His occupation 
isfarmin<,^; was married in the year 1837, to Miss Sally A. 
Sanderson, who was born in Massachusetts. He removed to 
the town of Burton (now Allegany) Cattaraugus county, N. 
Y., forty-one years ago. It was then a wilderness. He says, 
" my farm was all woods. Cleared a small place and built a 
log-house. We had a hard time ; made shingles for a while 
and then built a saw-mill, and after running it for a while sold 
out and came to Erie county, where I now live." Family 
record : 

Jane E., born April 21, 1839, in Amherst, Mass. 

Matilda A., born Nov. 29, 1845, '» Allegany, N. Y.; married 
to Daniel Tarbox Oct. 16, 1866. 

Hattie A., born April 26, 1853, in Concord, N. Y.; married 
to Luzerne D. Hemstreet. 

Horace Gaylord. 

Horace Gaylord was born Nov. 15, 1847, i" the town of Con- 
cord ; he is a farmer. Was married April 3, 1869, to Candace 
M. King, who was born in the town of Collins, May 29, 1847. 
His father's name was Horace Gaylord, his mother's naiden 
name was Rebecca Powers, his grandfather's name was James 
Gaylord, his grandmother's maiden name was E.xperience Law- 
rence. He says: " My father, Horace Gaylord, came to Con- 
cord from Broome county, N. Y., June, 1839. '^Vas married in 
Broome county. May 20, 1829, to my mother, Rebecca Powers. 
They had ten children, seven of whom survive. Father died 
the 19th of August. 1880; m\- mother survives. My brother 
James enlisted in the hundreth New York regiment ; served 
three years ; was wounded at Fort Wagner, and also on Morris 
Island. Died April 11, 1870, of consumption, induced by his 
wounds and exposure in the service." 

George H., born Aug; 9, 1830; married Jane Woodbury, and 
resides in Missouri. 


Joel, born April 17, 1833 ; married Eupheme Louk ; resides 
in Springville. 

Charles, born Feb. 9, 1836 and died in the state of Kansas. 

Albert S., born Sept. I, 1838 ; married Mary J. Fuller, 
and lives in Concord. 

Juliette, born Aug. 5, 1843 ! married Ansel Blasdell and 
resides in Concord. 

Mary E., born Aug. 27, 1850; died Nov. 15, 1865. 

Paoli M., born Jan. 12, 1854; married Church Harris, resides 
in Springville. 

Jennie, born Sept. 30, 1858; married Court Harris, and 
resides in Concord. 

Horace has one child, James A., born March 5, 1872. 
Beiijaniiii Garduer. 

Benjamin Gardner came here at a ver)- early day and built 
the first grist mill ever built in this town in 18 14. He lived 
on East Hill on the south side of the street where Orange 
Parmenter lived for a long time. He died about three years 
after he built the mill. 

John tirittitli. 

John GrifTith was born in Stephentown, Rensselaer county, 
N.- Y., in 1796. Came to Concord about 1833 and settled in 
Waterville, where he died about 1864. He was Justice of the 
Peace in Concord at one time. He was married in 1827 to 
Harriet Sanford. 

They had nine children : 

Catharine, married Henry Stanbro. 

Cyntha Eudora, born 1839, married Charles Cornell. 

Nancy Eveline, born 1831, married John F. Morse. 

^lartha Esther, born 1832, married Fayette Treat. 

Elnathan, born 1835, married Thankful Meyrs. 

Sarah Ellen, born 1838, married Charles Spencer. 

Caroline E., born 1841, married Corydon Steele. 

William Henr}\ born 1844, married Cora Tabor. 

Eugene, born 1850. 

Hoi'toii Urotlier.s. 

Truman and John Horton, brothers, came on foot from New- 
Lebanon, Columbia count)', N. Y.. where they were born, to- 


Concord in 1817. They located land on the northwest corner 
lot in Concord, which had been articled at the land office sev- 
eral years before by Jacob Horton, their father, who never 
resided here, but returned to Columbia count)'. The brothers, 
Truman and John, went back on foot, and on Feb. i, 1818. 
they set out for Concord with their families, with two ox teams. 
They were twenty-five days in making the journey, and it 
snowed every day but one, the snow having fallen to such a 
depth that the last stage of the journey was made with diffi- 
culty. When they reached their destination they found by 
measurement that the snow had accumulated on the fallen trees 
to the depth of four feet. The only settler in Concord in the 
neighborhood of their new home was Comfort Knapp, who 
had been there four or five years. Sylvester and William 
Knapp came the same year. William Owens lived just across 
the line in Boston. The first school was taught on Horton hill 
in 1823, in a log school house. The Hortons built log houses 
on their land and lived there four years when they moved 
across the town line into Boston. Truman died in Boston in 
1869. He married Betsy Carr, who now lives in Boston. 

Their children were : 

Thurston, Hiram, Eliza A., Sabra, Spencer, Thomas, Mar\ . 
Nathan and Asenath. 

John Horton died in Eden about 1873. He married Mercy 
Carr; by Whom he had children as follows : 

John Jr., William. Mercy Ann, Jacob, Henry, Ira, Edwin, 
Annis, Maria, Lorenzo, Lafayette. 

Mercy Ann married Almon Perkins. 

Annis married Sterling Titus. 

Maria died unmarried. 

By his second wife, Mrs. Rachel Lord, he had three sons : 

Orando, Elgera and John. Jr. 

William Horton, son of John Horton, was born March 18, 
1 82 1, in Concord, and is by occupation a farmer. He was mar- 
ried March 31. 1842. to Miss Amanda M. Chase, who was born 
in Girard. Erie county. Pa. In 1823, with his parents, he 
remo\ed to Boston and remained there twenty }'ears. He 
married and lived in Concord, and after eleven years moved to 
Boston and settled on the old homestead where he lived seven 


teen years. March \, 1869, removed to Concord and settled on 
the farm where he now resides. 

Family record : 

Frank W. Horton, born Dec. 16, 1843 '' niarried Jan. i, 1866; 
died Sept. 17, 1878. His wife's name was Sarah A. Fuller. 

Irving M. Horton, born July 16, 1850; married Feb. 19, 
1873 ; died Sept. 2, 1877. His wife's name was Amelia 

Arthur B. Horton, born Oct. 19, 1859; died Oct. i, 1878. 

Mary A. Horton, born May 4th, 1850, in Columbia county, 
N. Y. ; married to L. G. Sweet, Dec. 24, 1874. Her husband 
died Jul)' 15, 1 88 1, aged thirty-five years. 

Thaddeiis Hickok. 

Thaddeus Hickok was born at Ph'mouth, Grafton county, N. 
H., in the year 1787, Oct. 14. He first visited the Holland 
Purchase in company with a brother-in-law, in 18 16. That 
Summer he worked in a brick yard in Buffalo. Being very 
robust and athletic, his work was to wait upon the brick mould- 
ers and carry the brick to the drying ground. In this he per- 
formed double the work of any other hand on the yard and 
received pay accordingly. After the season closed he again 
came to Concord and he and his brother-in-law bought out 
James Pike, who had located 200 acres on lot thirty. Soon 
after he and his brother-in-law visited New Hampshire, and Mr. 
Hickok was married early in the new year to Miss Rhoda Pike 
and their bridal tour was made to their claims on the Holland 
Purchase, both families took up their abode in the log cabin or 
house built by Pike, but they soon after divided their claim. 
Mr. Hickok taking 100 on the south side. A few apple trees 
grew on the claim, and apples were so scarce and rare that the 
two young housekeepers counted the apples and made an equal 
division. After building a house and doing other work, he sold 
this claim and bought another, on lot thirty-eight, of a man by 
the name of Putnam. After living here a few )'ears his wife 
w as taken sick and died. 

He had two children by this wife, viz. : 

Jacob P., and Rhoda Alvira. 


A few years after he was married to Miss Polly Spauld- 
ing, and he sold his farm to Ambrose Torrey. Again he 
bought, this time on lot thirteen, and for about fifteen years 
this place was his home. Then this place was sold to George 
A. Moore, and he invested again in the farm just west of Ver- 
non Cooper's. On this place the last days of the toil-worn 
pioneer were passed. He died on the 20th day of February, 
1875. His wife survived him only about a year. 

By the last marriage three children were born, namely: 

Emory P., Jennette and Charlotte. 

Joseph J. Hakes. 

Joseph J. Hakes was born in Washington county, N. Y., 
May 23, 1809. His father's name was Josiah Hakes; his 
mother's maiden name was Betsey Gennings ; they moved to 
Madison county, N. Y., in 1813, and in the Spring of 1824 Mr. 
Hakes came to this town, where he lived till the gold fever 
broke out in California, when he went there and remained four 
or five years ; he then came back and purchased a farm two 
miles south of Springville, upon which he resided until six 
years ago, when he moved into the village. Mr. Hakes was 
first married in 1834 to Olive Crosby, who died in 1838, leaving 
one son, Ira Hakes, who lives in Minnesota, where he was in 
the midst of the great Indian massacre there. He was married 
again to Mary Ann Barr, who died in 1877, leaving three chil- 
dren, as follows: 

Seraphine, married Benjamin Templeton ; resides in Cali- 

Manley, engaged in sheep raising in California. 

Orlando, married Ada Cutting; resides on the old home- 

George Holland. 

George Holland was born in Massachusetts, Sept. 27, 1805. 
His mother's maiden name was Clarissa Ashley ; his father. 
Luther Holland, was a distinguished inventor; among the 
results of his inventive genius are : the first force pump ever 
brought into use and the horizontal movement in fire engines; 
he died in Springville about 1850, where he had resided a few 
years with his son. 


George Holland was married in 1827 to Mary Ann Gra\'es ; 
in 1835 they came to this town and Mr. Holland purchased a 
large farm near what are now the corporation limits on North 
Buffalo street. Springvnlle. In 1868 he sold his farm and 
moved to the village, where he has since resided. Mrs. Hol- 
land was born Feb. 5, 1804. They reared a famil)' of ten chil- 
dren, viz.: 

Nelson, born June 25. 1829: married Susan B. Clark ; resides 
in Buffalo. 

Elizabeth, born Feb. 5. 1831 ; died in 1850. 

Dwight G., born Dec. 3, 1832; married Anna M. Nash; 
resides at Saginaw. Mich. 

George H.. born Jan. 28. 1835 ; married Sarah Cochran : 
resides in Florida. 

Eliza H., born June 28. 1837; married Charles J. Shuttle- 

Charles H., born April 2, 1839 ' married Sarah Turner: resides 
at Saginaw, Mich. 

Luther, born March 24. 1842 : married Nellie Blood; resides 
at Saginaw, Mich. 

Margaret E.. born Nov. 20. 1843: married Morris L. Hall. 

Mar}' Ann Ursula, born Sept. 20, 1845. 

Richard B.. born April 23. 1849. 

Cliarles House, M. D. 

Dr. House ^\'as born in Madison county. N. Y., Feb. 28, 1820. 
He came to this town when four years of age and attended 
school at Griffith Institute until the age of eighteen, when be 
went to Washington and engaged in teaching for two years ; 
he then commenced the stud}' of medicine with Dr. Barrett, of 
Forestville, N. Y., teaching at intervals to defray expenses. 
After completing his studies with Dr. Barrett he entered the 
Alban}' Medical College, and graduated in the Spring of 1846. 
He practiced medicine in Buffalo. Warsaw and Springville, 
where he was also engaged in the druggist business. He was 
married in 1851 to Esther Cornwall. He died in .Springville in 
1854. Fie left one son : 

C. Willis, born in 1852 in Springville; married in 1879 to 



Jennie Rosier; the)' now reside in Holland, X. \'.. where Mr. 
House practices dentistry. 

Philip Herbold. 

Philip Herbold was born in German}\ near h"rankfort-on-the- 
Main, April 21, 1829. June 12, 1849, l^*-' embarked at the city 
of Havre, in France, on a saiHng vessel, the (lovernor Marcey, 
and was fifty-six days crossing to New York ; he came to Buf- 
fahx went to Aurora and worked for Deacon Marrow six 
months and came to Spring\-ille Jul\- 10. 1850: he went to work 



for William Barclay at the cabinet business, having worked at 
that business in the old countr}- ; he worked for Barclay and 
Barcla}', Da}-ton & Rider eleven years, and finally bought out 
Dayton ; also the building the}' now occupy on Main street, of 
Hiram Barton, who had become the (nvner. In the year 1861 
he formed a partnership with James Prior, and since that time 
the firm has been engaged in the manufacture and sale of 
household furniture, and have also carried on the business of 
undertakers, and in the last few years have extended their busi- 
ness, and manufacture doors, sash, blinds, flooring, etc. In the 
Spring of 1881 he dissolved partnership with Mr. Prior, and 
since that time has carried on the same business as before in 


his own name, and also has been quite extensively engaged as 
a builder, having built as many as fifty buildings in Springvillc. 
In 1863 he went as a soldier to Harrisburg, Pa., his regiment of 
militia having been called out by a proclamation from Governor 
Seymour. Mr. Herbold says that when he came to this town 
there were only two Germans living here, George Kopp, now 
of Hamburg, and Andrew Burger now of Waverly. At that 
time there was one German in Ashford, and all those living in 
this town and Ashford have come in the last thirty years. Mr. 
Herbold was married in 185 1 to Miss Ann Mary Eggart, of 
Aurora, formerly of Baden, Germany. 

Their children were : 

Charles, M-ho died Nov. 29, 1861, aged 9 years and 2 months. 

Julius, who died Nov. 8, 1864, aged 11 years and 4 months. 

Cora, who died Nov. 8, 1866, aged 3 years and 4 months. 

Margaret M., now living with her parents in Springville. 

Clinton Haninioncl. 

Mr. Hammond's father, Joseph Hammond, came from near 
the Susquehanna river, in Northern Pennsylvania, to Concord 
in 1 8 18, and located near the "Big Spring," north of Spring- 
ville. He died in Kane county. 111. 

He married Sarah Middaugh. They had a family of eleven 
children, viz.: 

John, Samuel, Betsy, Joseph, Abram, Robert, Clinton, Wash- 
ington, Napoleon, Louise and Cordelia, four of whom are dead, 

John died in Kane county, 111. 

Robert died in Iowa. 

Betsy married first, Michael Oyrer ; second, John Morrer ; 
she died in Ashford, N. Y. 

Cordelia married William White and died in Collins, N. V. 

Clinton Hammond was born in Concord, April 2, 18 19. His 
occupation has been hotel-keeper, farmer and drover. He en- 
listed in August, 1862, as Second Lieutenant of company F, 
One Hundred and Sixteenth New York volunteers, and on 
account of ill-health, resigned the following December. He 
married Sophia Ballou. They have five children living and two 
dead, viz.: 



Ursula, born April 6, 1844; married Norman Crandcll. 
Josephine, born May 30. 1H46; married Henry Deet and 

since died. 

Eunice, born Nov. 2, 1848; married Frank Chase. 
P:ila, born Dec. 13, 18 15; married Charles Odell. 
Clinton, Jr., born July 1853 ; dead. 
William, born Aug. 5, 1856. 
Agnes, born Nov. i, 1858. 

Joel Holinan. 

Joel Ilolman came to Springville. N. Y., from Brandon, Ver- 
mont, in 1836. His father, Samuel Holman, a Revolutionary- 
soldier, came to Springville the same year, where he resided 
until his death, in 1840. 

Joel Holman, upon locating in Springville engaged in 
blacksmithing, which he followed successfully for about thirty- 
f^ve years. In 1869, he bought a half interest in the Pike, Wy- 
oming county, flouring mills, which he held about four years. 
He died in Springville, June 16, 1878. 

Mr. Holman was one of Springville's most substantial citizens. 
Although frequently offered office by his townsmen, he declined. 
Although not a member of the church, he contributed liber- 
ally both of money and efforts in building the First Presbyterian 
Church of Springville, and was one of the building committee. 
Mr. Holman was married in Vermont to Mrs. Amelia Farring. 
ton, by whom he had seven children— two died infants— as fol- 
lows : 

Frank, born in 1836; he was one of the well-known firm of 
Richmond & Holman, in Springville. He died in Springville, 

in 1865. 

Charles, born in 1839, died in Buffalo in 1S80. 

Charlotte, born in 1844, died in 1866. 

Ella, born in 1847, died 1872. 

Alfred L., born in 1849, ^^^^ always been a resident of Spring- 
ville, where, in 1877, he engaged in the boot and shoe trade, 
which he pursues up to this date. In 1879, he was elected Jus- 
tice of the Peace. Mr. Holman was married in 1874, to Addie 
J. Mayo. They have one son, Mark, born in 1876. 

Mrs. Amelia L. Holman, wife of Joel D. Holman, died May 
2"], 1880, aged seventy years. 


Peter Heiii. 

Peter Hein was born in Luxemburg, Germany, in the year 
1847. His father's name was Peter Hein, and his mother's 
maiden name was Barbara Wagner. His grandfather's name 
was John P. Hein, and his grandmother's name was letronell 
Gebell. He started to come to this country Feb, 14, 1868 ; 
came to England, and from England to New York, and from 
New York to Springville, where he arrived April 22, 1868. He 
is a merchant tailor, and his place of business is Nos. 127 and 
129 Main street, Springville. 

He was married Dec. 24, 1863, to Miss Elizabeth M. Kneip, 
from Luxemburg. Their children were : 

Elise M., Adolph N., who died April 12, 1878, aged two 
years, and Susan J. 

A. E. Hartley. 

A. E. Hadley was born in this town in June, 1845. In 184G, 
his parents moved to the Town of Alexander, Genesee county, 
where his boyhood days were passed. His father's name is 
Clark M. Hadley ; his mother's maiden name was Alvira Love- 
lace. In 1865, he was employed by J. Chafee & Son as clerk 
and salesman in their hardware store in Springville. At one 
time he, in company with B. J. Davis, ran the American hotel ^ 
and a "tage line from Springville to Holland. He was at one 
time conductor on the Springville & Sardinia R. R., and is at 
present engaged in the grocery business with his father in 

He was married in 1868 to Miss Ella Wilson. They have 
one child — Lottie. 

Morris L. Hall. 

Mr. Hall was born in Java, Wyoming county, N. Y., Oct. 
28, 1845. Became a clerk in the dry goods store of J. N. 
Richmond, in Springville, in May, 1861. and remained there 
five years, when he engaged in the drug trade in Springville. 
in company with Henr}- Eaton, The partnership lasted two 
years, after which ivii. Hall mtinued the business alone until 
January, 1874. Since which time he has been engaged in 
building and real estate business. In 1876 he built a fine 
structure on Main street, Springville, known as Hall's Opera 


House, which was burned in 1879. I" 1880, in coinpan\- witli 
I. B. Childs, he re-modeled the old Universalist Church in 
Springville, into a commodious Opera House. 

Mr. Hall was married in 1868, to FAla. M. Holland, daughter 
of George Holland, of Springville. 

Joseph H. Holt. 

Mr. Holt's grandfather, Joseph Holt, and Judge Cooper, 
were the first settlers of Cooperstown, N. Y. His father, Ben- 
jamin C, was born Jan. 14, 1793, and was the second child born 
in Cooperstown. He married Betsy Graham and came to Con- 
cord in 1820. His occupation was that of a carpenter and 

Joseph H. Holt was born in Concord, May 22, 1833, where 
he has since resided. He is unmarried and lives with his cousin, 
Abbie Graham. When eleven years of age he met with a sad 
misfortune, by which he received injuries from which he never 
recovered. In attempting to catch a ride on a land-roller he 
fell off in front, the roller passing over him. 

.Fohu House. 

John House came to Townsend Hill in 1826, where he lived 
about twenty-eight years. He lived in Yorkshire a short time 
and then removed to Iowa, where he died. His children were : 

John G., who was a physician and practiced medicine in 
Springville and Buffalo, and also in Iowa, where he died. 

Milton is a farmer and lives near Independence, Iowa. 

Charles was a physician and practiced medicine in Spring- 
ville and Buffalo and died in Spring\'ille. 

Mrs. John House died Sept. 16, i860, aged seventy-eight 

K. 1j. Hoopes. 

E. L. Hoopes was born in 1847, in the town of Bethany, 
Genesee county, N. Y.; came to Springville in the year 1880; 
was married in the year 1868, to Mary E. Roberts, who was 
born in Trenton, Oneida county, N. \'. His father's name was 
Lewis Hoopes, who w as a natixe of Delaware ; his mother's 
maiden name was Clara S. Slay ton. His occupation is that of 
a miller. Served in the war of the rebellion in the Army of 


the Potomac, in Hancock's Corps. Went through the penin- 
sular campaign. Was wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor, 
Virginia, and was present at Lee's surrender. Family record : 

Charles L. Hoopes, born at Lima, Livingston county, N. Y., 
March 3, 1869. 

Florence E. Hoopes, born at Akron. Erie county, N. Y,, 
Nov. 19, 1877; died Nov. i, 1881. 

Deacon Riifus Iiigalls. 

Deacon Rufus Ingalls came from Worcester, Otsego county, 
N. Y., and settled in the valley of the Eighteen-mile creek, in 
the north part of Concord at a very early day. Here he after- 
wards lived and died. He had six children. 

Betsey married William Dye. 

Polly married Joel Gilbert, and died many years ago. 

Jared died when a young man. 

Sally married Martin Winslow. 

Henry married Mary Bisb\', and both died in Minnesota. 

Sibyl married Elam Booth, and died in this town in 1872. 

Ziinri liig-alLs. 

Zimri Ligalls was born in Otsego county, N. Y., in 1802. 
He came from there to this town in 1825, and purchased land 
of the Holland Company, two miles northwest of Springville, 
which he always owned and occupied up to his death in 1872. 
He was married to Patty Sprague, by whom he had four chil- 
dren, viz.: 

David S. 


Ann married Edwin E. Smith ; resides at East Otto, N. Y. 

Helen married Rev. Smith Williams, first husband ; Joseph 
Chaddock, hardware merchant, at Allegan, Mich., second. 

Oavid S. Ingalls. 

D.i\'id S. Ingalls was born in this town in 1828. After reaching 
his majority, Mr. Ligalls went to Buffalo and engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits, which he continued until 1862, when he 
retired from business. He now resides in Concord, and is at 


present a capitalist and real estate owner. He was never mar- 
ried. His mother, Mrs. Patty Ingalls, died Oct. 25, 1882, aged 
seventy-eight years, three months and seventeen days. 

Daniel Ingals. 

Daniel Ingals was a very early settler in this town. He was 
a physician and practiced here several years and then moved 
away. He lived in the first frame house ever built in this vil- 
lage, it stood just south of where the Presbyterian church now 
stands. He died a few years after he moved away and was 
brought back to Springville for burial. 

Dr. A'ariiey Ingals. 

Dr. Ingals was also a very early settler here. He practiced 
medicine here in early times and also kept a store where the 
Free Baptist church now stands, and acquired considerable 
property. He had three children : 

Eunice, married Edwin E. Williams. 

Selena, married C. C. Severance, and died June 7, 1856. 

Marinda, married Moses Lane and lives in Milwaukee. 

Dr. Ingals died Nov. 20, 1843 » aged forty-nine years. 

William H. Jackson, M. D. 

Dr. Jackson was born Aug. 26, 1841, in Clarkson, Monroe 
county, N. Y. His father, William Jackson, was born in Her- 
kimer count)', N. Y., in 18 10. His mother, Elizabeth Cornes, 
was born at Kent, England, in 1816. The Doctor graduated 
at the Albany State Normal school in 1861 ; at Eastman's Busi- 
ness college in 1862, and at the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of South Carolina, at Columbia in 1873, after which he 
taught in the university and practiced in the city until 1877 
when he came north. In 1878, he began the practice of medi- 
cine in Springville. He was married in 1863 to Mary Hyde, 
who died in 1870. 

Their children were: Mabel, Willis H., and Lucien C. 

Dr. Jackson was married again in 1877 to Frances Rockwell, 
they have one child. 


Hiram Jeftersoii. 

Hiram Jefferson was born June i8, 1807, in the town of 
DoLU^lass. Worcester county. Mass., and came to the town of 
Concord in the year 1825. his occupation is fanning. He was 
married in 1832 to Matilda Hinman, who was born in Manhus, 
Onondaga county. N Y., and died May 22, 1842. He was 
married to Deborah Grover, in the year 1844, '^^lio died April 
21, 1857. He was married to Clarinda Seward, March, 1858. 
who died in October, i^'6i. His fourth wife was Sarah Ann 
Bishop, 1863, who died Oct. 31, 1874. Mr. JefTerson came to 
Concord in 1825, and has lived within half a mile of where he 
now lives fifty-seven years. The entire country around was al- 
most an unbroken wilderness. He could hear the wolves howl 
ni^dits as they killed his neighbor's sheep, and bears and deer were 
plenty. They had no roads nor wagons, and they went to mill 
and to meetings with ox sleds, and often went to mill several 
miles carrying the grist on their backs. 

Mary, born Feb. 1 1, 1834 ; married to Abel Sweet. 

Willis, born Feb. 7, 1838; married to Lydia Ann Hulburt. 

Welcome, born July 4, 1846; died Sept. 8, 1862. 

Sylvia, and Matilda, twins, born Feb. 27, 1850. Sylvia died 
Aug. 26, 1862; Matilda died Sept. 18, 1862. 

Hiram, born July 9, 1852 ; died Sept. 18, 1862. 

Henry, born July 27, 1859. 

John Jack.soii's Stateiueiit. 

The first grist mill in Concord was built b)' Benjamin 
Gardner, in the year 1814 He died three or four years 

The first saw mill was built by Rufus Eaton. 

The first distillery was built by Frederick Richmond, near 
where Franklin street crosses Spring Brook. 

The first merchants were Stanard & Jenks, their first store, a 
hewed log building, stood north of the Opera House. 

The first tannery, built by Jacob Rushm, a frame building] 
stood where Hugh McAleese and shop is. 

First bkicksmith, Elijah Perigo, 1814. log building where 
Orville Smith's house is. 

First shoemaker, Ira Eddy. He kept shop part of the time, 


part of the time took his kit and went amonc;' the farmers and 
did their work. 

WiUiam Earle brought the mail to SprinL;\ille from Buffalo 
before there was a postof^ce, and distributed it to whom it 

Rufus C. Eaton was the first Postmaster. 

William and George Shultus built the second saw mill in 
Springv^lle on the site where the Bloomfield mill stands. 

Mrs. George Shultus was the first Sabbath School teacher in 

Wales Emmons was the first cabinet maker; his shoj) stood 
where the Baptist church now stands. 

The first woolen factory was erected by Samuel Bradley. 
The first tailor's name was Thompson. 

Thomas T. Sherwood was the first lawj'er; came about 1823 
or 1824. 

David Lero)' and David Bensley were the first fiddlers that 
played at " Fiddler's Green." 

Ichabod Brown had the first cooper shop. 
Abel Holman was the first axe-maker. 

The first local preacher's name was Ingalls, a Presbyterian. 
William Shultus, Peter Sampson and Urial Torry ran tiie 
first stage to Buffalo ; coach and four horses. 

P"rederick Crary was the first showman ; men, women and 
children came on foot for miles around to see his elephant 
came, 1823. 

The first hatter's namew^as Herrick ; he lix'ed and kept shop 
about where the post office is. 

The first harness-maker's name was Tibbitts; shop stood 
north of the park. 

The first trip-hammer sho]), erected b\' David Kened)-, stood 
opposite Ransom's Hill. 

The first dentist's name \\as Gates. 
Joel White was the first wagon-maker. 
Samuel Lake the first insurance agent. 
. A. G. Elliott the first cattle droxer. 
Francis White built the first cider-mill. 

Robert Augur manufactured linseed oil ; commenced about 
1 82 I or 1822. Also owned and run a saw -mill. 

I!I()(;kai'Iikal skktchks. 391 

Stary King's Statement. 

My father and his family came from Rhode Island to this 
town in the fall of 18 14. He came through with two span of 
horses and located on the Steele place on lot twenty-six, town- 
ship se\en, range six, on the east side of the road. (Jur shanty 
stood back b)' the orchard ; it was built without boards and 
without nails ; there were no glass windows and no door ; the 
roof was of split logs hollowed out. The next year we 
built a log-house on the west side of the road. At that time 
there were no settlers in the north-east part of this town north 
of us. There ^\■as no road cut out or laid out on Vaughan 
street and the Genesee road was not cut out. William Wright 
hved on the Bloodgood place and Hale Matthewson had put up 
a log-house on the Horton place. Douglas lived on the corner 
and old Mr. Matthewson lived on the Byron Wells place. 
James Henman lived where Harrison Pingry does and Deacon 
Jennings lived on the William McMillan place. In Springville 
David Stickney kept taxern in a small log-house near where the 
Opera House stands now. Benjamin Gordon's grist-mill was 
built before w^e came. Besides Stickney and Gardner there 
were the Eaton family. Stanard and Jenks, David Leroy, Dr. 
Daniel Ingals, Samuel Cochran, Joseph Yaw, General Knox, 
and Samuel Burgess. Deacon Russell lived a mile out Frank- 
lin street. John Albro and (liles Churchill li\ed three-fourths of 
a mile north. Father lived two years on the Steele place and 
then sold out to Nathan Godard. We sold because our crops 
were destroyed b}- the frosts. Wc then located on the Cattar- 
augus side of the creek by the Hake's bridge ; remained there 
four years and then bought Captain Wells' place on Vaughan 

After two years father sold out on Vaughan street and located 
on the south-east part of lot fifty-one, since known as a part of 
the Stanbro farm. Afterwards removed to lot forty-four on 
Sharp street, and then to lot sixt}'-one, on the Boston road, 
where hedied. 

When we lived on the Steele place the cold seasons occurred 
and our crops were destroyed b\- the frosts and there was little 
or no grain to be bought here, and father went out to Geneseo 
and paid five dollars for two bushels of corn and brought it 

392 bi()(;raphical sketches. 

home from there on horse-back. The corn was of poor quaHty 
but, under the circumstances, it rehshed well and helped us to 
live throu<^-h. 


Soon after we came to the Steele place a school was started 
down at the Liberty-pole corners and I and brother Windsor 
used to go down through the woods to school. The road was 
not cut out and it was woods all the way and only a path to 
follow. We were about seven and nine years old at the time. 
One morning we had got down about where Mr. Weber now 
lives, when a panther rushed across the path ahead of us, going 
from the east t*^ the west with a young deer in its mouth and 
the old doe was following behind and bleating in great distress. 
The panthc undoubtedly had young ones down by Spring 
brook and Wd.. leading the old deer to her destruction. We 
told our folks what we had seen when we went home and they 
kept us out of school for some time, but finally allowed us to 
go again by taking our large dog along for a protector. 


Bears were plenty and they often foraged on the pig-pens of 
the settlers. Various means were used to trap them, but one 
of the most simple ways adopted was to build a pen out of 
poles some four feet wide, eight feet long and high enough to 
allow a bear to stand. Now the bait, most generally a quarter 
of a deer, was affixed in one end of the pen and ingress for the 
game was had at the other, that was closed or shut by a falling 
door. The bait was fastened to a spindle that communicated 
with the door by means of a cord, and the moment the bear or 
other game touched the bait it sprung the trap or door and 
bruin was caged. 

Father secured an old bear and her two cubs in one of these 
pens near East Concord. The trap had been set for several 
days, and it was my brother Windsor's duty to guard it ; for a 
time he was very faithful to his trust, but after awhile it became 
an old stor)% and the trap was not looked to for several days. 
It coming to father's mind one morning, he spoke to Windsor, 
saying, "You are not very anxious about your trap, but I guess 


you had better visit it this niorniiiL;"." Brother started off very 
reluctantl)-, but it was not h)n<4- before he came running back, 
his hair all on end and so excited that he could hardly speak. 
Why the woods or the trap was full of bears, he did not hardly 
know which. Father. Windsor, myself and the old dog has- 
tened back and sure enoui;h. we found an old bear and one cub 
in the pen, and another cub on the outside, l^^ather soon dis- 
patched, by shooting, the two in the pen and the other, which 
l)ro\'ed so tractable that we concluded to spare its life, to meet 
in turn an ignominious end. l^^ither took the cub down to 
Dave Stickney's log-tavern, where it became a great favorite. 
Upon a certain occasion, when a lot of boon companions were 
having a conxixial time, the tempter's cup was placed to bruin's 
mouth (rum and molasses). He tasted, liked and whined for 
more, and it was given. The night waned and the fun grew 
hilarious, but alas for poor bruin. When the morning dawned 
he was not only dead drunk, but he was dead as a door nail. 
When we lived on the same place an old bear came one night 
imd killed a hog and ate it nearh" half up. The next day 
father built a " dead fall " and baited it with the remains of the 
hog, and the second night after he caught the old bear. 

Father owned a large bull-dog that weighed some two hun- 
dred pounds. He came home one night covered with blood 
and terribl)' chewed up. We took his trail and followed him 
back to the carcass of a horse that lay near the run at the top 
of the Richmond hill. Here we found evidence of a deadl}' 
struggle for he had encountered wol\-es and two of these la\' 
dead upon the field. 

Windsor and I often \isited the " deer licks" upon one occa- 
sion we started out and became separated. I heard him shoot 
and upon my going to him, I found he had killed a large bear. 

Brother James also hunted a great deal here and in Pennsjd- 
\;uiia. Upon one occasion, and while hunting in the above 
named State, he had the good luck to kill three elk, and this 
being done just as fast as he ccnild charge his rifle. He had 
seated himself near a " lick " and their visiting the place sealed 
their doom. 


Family record of Nathan King : 

Nathan King died Feb. 20, 1871, aged ninety-one years and 
five months. 

Polly, his wife died March 20, 1867, aged eighty-five years. 

Their children were : 

James, who married Lucy Brooks and died in Golden in 1852. 

Alva married Hannah Carney and died in Iowa in 1854. 

Windsor married Nancy Carney and lives in Springville. 

Stary married Sylvia Briggs and lives in Springville. 

Martha married Pliny Wheeler and lives in Little Valley. 

Mary married Samuel Vance. 

Freelove married J. H. Ashman and died (3ct. 10, 1S40. 

Nathan died in 1847. 

Susan married Archibald Preston and died July 15, 1850.. 

Enoch died in Concord in 1878. 

Joshua lives in Little Valley. 

Family record of Stary King : 

Stary King, born F"eb. 21. 1808. 

Sylvia Briggs King, born Aug. 5, 181 1. 

Their children were : 

Allen King, born April 4, 1834; died Sept. i, 1854, aged 
twenty years and five months. 

Diantha, born June 18, 1838; married Aaron Ostrander and 
lives in East Concord. 

Diana, born Aug. 29, 1844. 

Calvin Killom's Stateineut. 

My father's name was George Killom. He came to this town 
from New Hampshire in 1809. built a house, slashed four acres 
of timber, burnt the brush and raised some corn. The land 
he located was on lot twenty-nine, township ssven, range seven, 
where Hiram Curran now lives. My grandfather, Cal\-in Stev- 
ens, moved our famih' here in 1810. He came through with a 
span of horses in twenty-two days. He returned to New 
Hampshire that Fall. I was about six years old when we came 
to this town. My father served as a soldier on the Niagara 
frontier in the war of 18 12. The first school I attended here 
was kept in a house owned by Calvin Doolittle, half a mile 
north of Boston Corners, where the road turns west and crosses 
the creek. Then the school was kept at the Corners a while. 


till the school house was built up at Cobble hill. The first 
school teacher I remember was Rider Cyrus Andrew ; after him 
Robert Pike taught, also Joshua Ai^ard, Archibald Griffith, 
Elder Clark Carr, Sophia Howard and a Mr. Conklin. Among 
the scholars I remember Eri Beebe, Mary Torry, Calvin Cary, 
Truman Cary, Richard Cary, afterward the preacher. Miss Rice, 
who married Richard Car\-, \\ R. Cary, Charles Johnson, Elihu 
Johnson, Alva Bump, Anna Chafee, Lyman Algar, Fanny 
Algar, who married Truman Cary, Margaret Algar, Morris Fos- 
dick, John ]*\:)sdick, Alice Fosdick, Eben Drake, Cordelia 
Drake, Salena Swain, Mary Yaw, Patt)' Swain, afterwards mar- 
ried Alanson Palmer, Jonathan Swain, Abagail Smith married 
Benjamin Dole, Almira Smith married Dr. Bosworth. Mary 
Clark married Otis Horton, Hannah Killom married J. L. Haw- 
ley, Clark H. Carr, Louisa Carr married Willard Algar, Laura 
Carr married Ambrose Torry, Delia Torry and Ethan Howard. 
We moved over to Waterville about 1822 and located on 
lot thirt}--eight, township seven, range six, on what has since 
been known as the Whelock place. Our house was on a small 
flat on the north part of the farm. There were no settlers in 
the northeast part of the town when we came ; there was no 
road along the creek nor in an\- other direction. Isaac Beaver 
came two years after and located on Ransford Foot's flats. 
Robert PTiut came in 1826 and settled on the Treat place. 
Homer Barnes and his father came about 1830 and built a saw- 
mill. Abner Wilson came, and he and Barnes built a grist 
mill. Hezekiah Griffith came about 1832; John Griffith and 
Lewis Whelock about '^^■. Joseph Lewis about '34: John 
Treat in 1838. The first school-house was built in about 1833 
or 1834. Paris A. Sprague came in '29 or '30, Bela Graves in 
■32. Homer Barnes went to Wisconsin, his father died here ; 
Abner Wilson, Paris A. Sprague and John (iriffith tlied here ; 
Jared Pratt worked for Aaron Cole making reeds; he was 
coming over to our house one day and came across two bears 
just west of where John Morse now lives ; he shot one and the 
dog treed the other; he came to our house and we went back 
and shot the other. 

One time the wolves killed some sheep on the hill northwest 
of John Morse's, and Pratt heard them howl and went up there 


with his dogs and gun and I went with him ; the dogs went 
after the wolves, and the wolves turned upon the dogs and chased 
them close to Pratt, who had his gun in his hands, but was so 
excited that he did not attempt to shoot, but called to me to 
bring him the axe. 

One time we built a bear pen and caught two large cubs 
alive ; the old bear did not go in, but she gnawed the poles 
partly off of which the pen was made, trying to release her 
cubs ; the old bear got away but the cubs were killed. One 
time we tracked two large bears four miles northeast, but failed 
to catch them. 

David Kiiigsley. 

David Kingsley was born in Massachusetts, in 1822. He 
came to this country in 1834, with his parents; he came on the 
Erie canal and was eleven days coming through ; he has lived 
in this vicinity since that time, and has lived in Springville for 
the last twenty-four years. 

In the Spring of 1845, he was married to Rebecca Cooper. 
Their children are Marshall Kingsley and David Kingsley. 

David Kingsley's father's name was James, and his mother's 
maiden name was Esther Canady. When they came to this 
town they purchased and occupied for several years the Goode- 
mote farm on Cattaraugus creek. In 1856, he soid it to Wil- 
liam Ballou. In 1854, he built the brick house on the Rich- 
mond place in the east part of the village. James Kingsley 
died in 1868, and his wife died in 1853. 

Their children were David and Nathaniel. 


Not long after David Shultus had located on the Cattaraugus 
in this town he had been up to Springville and was returning 
home with several pieces of meat in a basket. He met a bear, 
which stood up to greet him ; he threw a piece of meat towards 
it and started on a run. After awhile he looked back and saw 
the bear coming after him ; he dropped another piece of meat 
and kept on. He continued to do so till he got home, when he 
had but one piece of meat left. He lost his meat but " saved 
his bacon." 

1!I(J(;rai'III(AI. skktciiks. 397 

Jacol) Kern. 

Jacob Kern was born Oct. 12, 1844, in the Town of Boston ; 
came to Concord in 1868; is a farmer; was married Sept. 8, 
1868, to Zelina M. Tatu, who was born in Concord Nov. 30, 
1848. His father's name was Peter Kern ; his mother's maiden 
name was Harbary Ineer. 

Jacob Kern enHsted in company F, One Hundred and Six- 
teenth rei^iment — Capt., Dr. U. C. Lynde, Dr. Geor<;e G. Stan- 
bro, First Lieutenant. Served three years, and until discharged. 
Was at the battle near Port Hudson ; made a chart^e on Port 
Hudson May 27, 1863; was at the Battle of Donaldsonville, 
Battle of Pleasant Hill, Battle of Winchester and Cedar Creek. 

He has five children : 

Emma L., born Sept. 20, 1870. 

John W., born Feb. 4, 1873. 

Mary E., born June 8, 1876. 

Eugene L., born Jan. 15, 1878 ; died March 29, 1878. 

Edward C, born May 28, 1881. 

George Kiiiginau. 

George Kingman came here with his parents in 1840, and 
was married to Aurora A. Nelson, in 1852. The first two years 
after his marriage he lived on the Richmond farm in Sardinia. 
i^Vom here he moved to Ashford, Cattaraugus county, where 
he lived a few years; he then moved to Springville, where he 
now resides. 

They have one child, George. Jr., who lives with his parents 
in Springville. 

" Cieii" I.saae Knox. 

Isaac Knox came to this town in 1810. and bought 150 acres 
of land of the Holland Land Company, on the north part of 
lot eight, township six, range six, on which he settled ; here he 
resided about twenty x'ears. This he then sold and bought 
land on lot one, township seven, range seven, where he lived 
several years ; from here he removed to the north part of lot 
fift\--two, township seven, range six, where he died about 1856. 

He was a nephew of Gen. Henr)' Knox, of revolutionary 
fame, afterwards Secretary of War under Washington. Lsaac 
Knox served as a soldier under General Anthony W'ayne, in 


his campaign against the Indians on the Maumee river, in 
1794; he also served on the Niagara frontier during the War 
of 1812-15. He was a brave, patriotic soldier, and public- 
spirited citizen. 

His son and daughter are both dead. There are some grand- 
children living. 

Charles H. King. 

Charles H. King was born in Concord Aug. 27, 1845. His 
father's name was Windsor King ; his mother's maiden name 
was Nancy Carney Spencer ; his occupation is farming ; vv^as 
married Sept. 19, 1875, to Althea Spencer; has two children: 

Madge, born June 4, 1873. 

Thomas, born July 29, 1876. 

His father came to Concord with grandfather's family, from 
the town of Foster, Providence count)', R. I., in the Fall of 
I S 1 4. 

William Kellogg'. 

William Kellogg was born in Massachusetts Sept. 4, 1800; 
his father's name was Benjamin Kellogg, and his mother's 
maiden name was Amelia Trask ; his grandfather's name was 
Samuel Kellogg; his grandmother's maiden name was Lucy 
Snow. William Kellogg was married Feb. 23, 1826, to Rebecca 
Brewster, in the Town of Sodus, Wayne county, N. Y., and 
removed to Ashford, Cattaraugus county, Feb. 13, 1827, and 
settled on lot fifty-two, at that time all wilderness, and from 
that time to the present he has lived in Ashford and Concord, 
except about four years which he passed on Grand Island 
engaged in getting out ship timber. 

His children were : 

Polly, born Oct. 2, 1827 ; married Samuel Holman, who died 
in the year 1848 in Erie county ; she married C. Fuller in 1850 
and has since lived in Machias, Cattaraugus count}'. 

Belinda, born April 30, 1832 ; married J. Wilcox and li\es 
in Kansas. 

Charles B., born Sept. 30, 1837; died at Petersburg, Va., in 
the hospital in 1865, death being caused by a shell wound. 

Hio(;KArnuAL sketches. 399- 

II. (;. l.olaiHl. 

H. (i. Lcland was born Aug. ]8, 1847, at Hinsdale, Cattarau- 
gus county, N. Y.; came to Springville in March, 1866; occu- 
pation a banker; was married Oct. 3, 1 871, to Bianca Pierce, 
eldest daughter of Kmmons S. Pierce, and has two children liv- 
ing, Claude (i. and Guy H. 

He engaged first in the banking business at Cuba, N. Y., in 
the Cuba National bank ; organized the Springville bank ( Leland, 
Chamberlain & Co., bankers,) May 12, 1866, which was suc- 
ceeded, in 1877, by Leland & Co., banker, and, April 2, 1883, 
by The First National Rank, Mr. Leland being Vice-President, 
and one of its active managers. He has interested himself in 
all public enterprises for the benefit of Springville, contributing 
of his time and means liberally, having aided materially in giv- 
ing Springville its telegraph lines and railroads. His father, 
William O. Leland, President of the First National bank, 
resides at Hinsdale, N. Y., and has been engaged in the mer- 
cantile business nearly forty years. His grandfather came from 
Vermont in an early day, and settled at Leland's Corners, in 
the Town of East Otto. His uncles and aunts, Cephas R 
Marshall, Sarah Ann and Marian Leland, all attended the 
Springville Academy many years ago. 

Cephas R. became a lawyer and died at Milwaukee, Wis. 

Marshall became a Baptist clerg}^man and died at Rochester, 

Elmer O. Iceland. 

Mr. Leland was born in Hinsdale, Cattaraugus count)-, N. Y., 
Oct. 7, 1849; attended school at Griffith Institute during the 
years 1866 and '67; was married June 7, 1876, to Augusta A. 
Potter. Have two children living : 

Lloyd, born May 17, 1880. 

F'lorence, born May 5, 1883. 

Mr. Leland has been connected with the Si)ring\'ille bank for 
the last thirteen years; is now cashier of First National bank 
of Springville. He was the chief projector of the Western New 
York Manufacturing and Preserving company, organized in 
1879, ^""^ 1^^^ been its treasurer ever since. 

Mr. Leland takes an active part in Christian and benevolent 


work. Dating- from the present (1883), l"*^ ^^^^ been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church in Springville fifteen years, 
and for three years superintendent of its Sabbath School. In 
1880, he was President of the Young People's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Springville. 

Jacob Lai))p»i<m* 

Jacob Lampman was born in the Town of Ashford, Cattarau- 
gus county, N. Y., Sept 25, 1827, and came to Concord in the 
year 1844. His father's name was John Lampman; his 
mother's maiden name was John Hufstader, daughter of Jacob 
Hufstader, of Ashford. He was married June 30, 1848, to 
Julia A. Nichols, daughter of Isaac Nichols, who came to Con- 
cord at an early day, and settled at Nichols' Corners in West 
Concord, where he continued to reside until the time of his 
death, which occurred Dec. 8, 1864. 

They have no children. 

U. C. Lyiide, M. 1>. 

Dr. Lynde was born in a log house on Townsend Hill, March 
26, 1834. At the age of se\'en, he mo\'ed with his parents to 
the northwest corner of the Town of Concord ; here he 
attended school in a log school-house, and was taught the rudi- 
ments of reading by Orville S. Canfield. His teachers here 
were John Lynde, Gilbert Sweet, Almond Nichols and Alonzo 
Pierce. He attended school here until he was fourteen ; about 
this time, his parents moved to Townsend Hill, and he left 
home and worked for a time in a pail factory at Niagara Falls. 
Returning in the Fall, he attended school taught by Jonathan 
Briggs, at what is known as the " Block School-house " in Con- 
cord. Mr. Briggs was a student himself and a thorough 
teacher, and took a warm interest in young Lynde's success. 
At the age of sixteen, he tauglit at Machias, his first school ; 
after the close of his school, he attended the Yorkshire Institute. 
After leaving the Institute, he taught his second school at the 
forks of the Cattaraugus ; he then taught at Paris, Kentucky; 
returning, he taught in the institute wliere he had before 
attended as a pupil. 

While engaged as a teacher, and before he was twenty-one. 

hi()(;rai'iikal SKErciiHS. 401 

he had read law one year and medicine one. h\)r a time lie 
ijaxe up the study of both, but resumed the study of medicine 
at the suggestion of Dr. (jroodyear, of Holland, now of Buffalo. 
He attended lectures at the Geneva Medical College, and 
clinical lectures in New York, where his time was mostly 
spent at the hospital. After this he practiced medicine a 
while at Glenwood, Erie county, where he again attended 
lectures at the Buffalo University, graduating in 1859, ^^ 
soon after located in Springville, N. Y., where he practiced 
until the fall of 1862, when he recruited Co. F., Ii6th Regiment 
N.Y. State Volunteers ; was commissioned first assistant Sur- 
geon. In the Fall of 1863 his resignation was accepted and he 
again commenced the practice of medicine in Springville, The 
two following winters he spent at the Jefferson Medical College, 
graduating in the Spring of 1865. He continued his practice 
in Springville until the Fall of 1872, when he moved to Buf- 
falo, where he has practiced ever since, making surgery a spe- 
cialty. For some time he has had onejof the largest practices 
of any surgeon in Western New York. 

Alausou Lovelace 

Came to this town about 18 16. He was, by occupation, a 
farmer; he married Patience Chafee in 1819. He died in 
April, 1878, aged eighty-four years. Patience Lovelace died in 
1872, aged seventy-six years. Their children were : 

Alonzo L., not known whether living or dead ; was a sailor. 

Daniel M., died in Michigan, in 1863. 

Alvira, born in 1824; married Clark M. Hadley, Sept. 5, 
1844, and lives in Springx'ille. 

Louisa M., married Allen Mott ; died in 1854, in .Vlexander. 

Mary E., married Luther Chaddock : died in 1854, in Alex- 

Samuel L,ake, Esq. 

Samuel Lake was born in Vermont, in the year 1790, but 
during the period of his boyhood his parents resided in Wash- 
ington county, this state. His education was such as the com- 
mon schools ot those days afforded, aided afterwards, however, 
b\' acute powers of observation and a taste for reading. When 

just entering upon manhood he came west to Batavia, Genesee 


county, where he taught school. When the last war with Kng- 
land broke out he entered the army and participated in the 
battle of Lundy's Lane and was at the memorable contest at 
Fort Erie. 

After the \\ar he was employed several years in the County 
Clerk's office at Batavia, and in the office of the Holland Land 
company. On the 6th of January, 1821, he married Helen 
Phelps of Batavia, who still survives her partner of over sixty 
years. About that time Mr. Lake sold off his property around 
Batavia and moved to Springville, where nearly thirty years of 
his life were passed. He built a small store where the Ameri- 
can Hotel now stands, about 1 821, and about two years after 
built the store now owned and occupied by R. W. Tanner. 
He built the upright part of the Dr. Emmons' house, on Main 
street, and also built the house where Sanford Mayo lives. He 
had a general store and ashery and manufactured pot and pearl 

About this time he built the store now occupied by 3ates & 
White, in Collins' Center, and stocked it with general mer- 
chandise and gave the management of it to his clerk, H. H. 
Matteson. But a time of adversity came. A period of finan- 
cial depression found Mr. Lake with a considerable stock of the 
articles of his manufacture on hand : values depreciated and he 
failed. Mr. Lake removed to Buffalo in 1849, where he began 
business as a pension agent, which business he followed until 
his death, and during that time acquired a comfortable com- 
petency. He was a public spirited man and took a very active 
part in raising the means to build the Springville Academy, and 
was always ready to assist in any work for the public good. 
Mr, Lake died in Buffalo Nov. 26, 1882, aged ninety-three years. 

Orriu Loveridge. 

Orrin Loveridge came to Townsend hill at an early day and 
settled on lot eleven, township seven, range seven, and from there 
he afterward removed to lot two, township seven, range seven, 
where he died Jan. 27, 1845, aged fifty-two years and five 
months. His wife died April 2, 1857, aged sixty years and six 


They had three children : 

Ames died April 16, 1 839, aged fifteen years and eight months. 

Charles M. attended the Normal school at Albany and 
taught school and died Aug. 13, 1849, aged twenty-three years 
and two months. 

Harriet M. married Harlow C. Perham. They had two chil- 
dren. She died Feb. 2, 1854, aged twent)'-three years. 

Amasa Loveridge. 

Amasa Loveridge settled on Townsend hill at an early day. 
He was killed in 1855 by a saw-log rolling over him. 
He had seven children : 
Austin, who married and died in Buffalo. 
Edwin D. is married and lives in Buffalo. 
Luana married Ward Fay and died in Buffalo. 
Gary married Lucy Hall and died in Pennsylvania. 
Chester was married and died in Minnesota. 
Everett and Olney are living in Ohio. 

Lorenzo 1). Lucas. 

Lorenzo D. Lucas was born in the town of Cato, Cayuga 
county, in the year 1S12. His father's name was William and 
his mother's maiden name was Fanny Graves. His grand- 
father Daniel Lucas, was a soldier in the Revolution and was 
in the battles of Bunker Hill and Saratoga. He drew a sol- 
dier's right for land of the Government, located it in Cayuga 
county and settled on the same. His father was a physician 
and settled in the town of Clarence, afterward Newstead, in 
1816, and here Lorenzo spent his boyhood days and received 
his education. When he lived in Clarence he lived in the same 
neighborhood and was acquainted with Asa Ransom, Sr., 
Archibald S. Clark, Peter Vandeventer, Col. James Cronk, Elias 
Osburn, Stephen Osburn and Otis R. Hopkins, who were 
among the most prominent men of the county at that time, 
and he went to school with their children. Mr. Lucas remem- 
bers seeing the old Revolutionary pensioners, when they came 
to Mr. Clark's store to receive their pensions, which he obtained 
for them, sitting in the store each with a small cup of spirits 


before him, the preacher among the rest. He came to Sar- 
dinia in 1835, and was married in 1837 to Miss Mary Ann 
Sherman, who died in 1842. 

Her children were: 

Theodore S., born March 14, 1838, went to Ohio and mar- 
ried there. He entered the army, but was discharged a short 
time afterward on account of sickness and died in 1864. 

Ehzabeth F., born Nov. 3, 1839, ^'""^ ^^i^^ Dec. 23, 1858. 

Mary L., born May 30, 1842, and was married in 1862 to 
John C. Bump and hves in Buffalo. 

His second wife was Poll)' Wilcox, who died July 14, 1853. 

Her children were : 

Sarah A., born Aug. 20, ic^5 ; married John M. Clo\er and 
died in Minnesota April 2, 1867. 

Charles W., born June 21, 1851, and died Oct. 25, 1863. 

Alice B., born May 6, 1853, and married Frank H. Cratcy 
and lives in Minnesota. 

His present wife's maiden name was Caroline Stone. She 
has had one child, Delila M., born July 19, 1864; married 
Charles F. Timms and died Oct. 4, 1882. Mrs. Lucas is a 
niece of Christopher Stone the first settler in Concord. 

William McMilleu's Statement. 

When we came to Springville in 1823, the families living 
here according to my recollection were, Rufus C. Eaton, lived 
near where Peter Weismantle does, there was another house 
north of the Opera House. Wales Emmons and O. D. Tibbits, 
lived north of the park ; Widow Tanner lived where Moon 
does ; Sylvester Eaton lived on the Shepherd place : John 
Albro lived on his farm, on north side of corporation ; Squire 
Eaton was building a house where Joslin lives; the George 
Arnold house, corner of Buffalo and Church streets was built; 
a Mr. Wright kept the hotel on Franklin street, opposite the 
park; Dr. Daniel Ingals lived just south of the Presb)'terian 
church ; Varncy Ingals kept small store on Franklin street. 
They were building the school house that stood near where 
Mr. Tabor lives; Joseph Yaw lived up Franklin street at the 
foot of the hill ; there was a house on the corner of West and 
Main streets ; Samuel Cochran lived and kept hotel where 


Byron Cochran now lives ; General Knox lived in a log house 
on Waveriy street, south side; Samuel Burgess lived in a log 
house about where George Weeden lives now ; Samuel Lake 
had a small store where American hotel is ; Samuel Bradley's 
factory was built, he lived near it ; Jarvis Bloomfield lived down 
by his mill ; Robert Auger had a saw mill and li\ed below 
Bloomfield ; Truman White lived on the southwest corner of 
the Well's farm ; Francis White lived on the Allen Goodemote 
place ; the Shaw famih' li\-ed in that neighborhood ; Mr. Sim- 
mons lived near where Mrs. Melvin lives now. There was a 
log house where Orvil Smith lives, and a small house near 
where George Crandalls now lives, no other house on north 
side of Main street, east to Newman street ; Jacob Rushmore 
lived in old yellow house on side hill, just above John P. 
Myers's house ; Abel Holman had house and shop on the Shut- 
tleworth lot; Joel White had shop and lived on the Badgeley 
lot ; the Benjamin Gardner house stood about where Orange 
Parmenter lives, no more houses east to corporation line ; 
Samuel and William Lake were here. 

The McMilleii Family. 

Joseph McMillen was born Jan. 14. 1783. In i<Sii, he mar- 
ried Betsey Haskins. He removed from Manlius, Onondaga 
county, to this town in March, 1823. He had been here the 
Lall before and jnirchased of Rufus Eaton the Eaton Grist- 
mill, and the land on the north side of Main street, and from 
Mechanic street and the park east to Newman street, except 
three or four building lots that had been previously sold. The 
land extended north from Main street about one hundred rods. 
He paid for the mill and the land two thousand five hundred 
dollars. He run the grist mill about fifteen years. About 
1828, he built a saw mill a little south of, and near the grist 
mill. The grist mill stood by the race and nearly east of the 
Leland hotel barn, and saw mill stood nearly east of Victor 
Collard's shop. During his life time he sold nearh- all the land 
along Main street to Newman street out into village lots, 
reserving the land back from the street. He ga\-e a piece to 
his son-in-law, Wells Brooks, and two lots to his son, William. 
About 1835 he, in company with William Watkins, built the 


tannery, which stood east of the Spring Brook, and north of 
Frankhn street. He also bought of Jeremiah Willcox, fifty 
acres of land on the southwest corner of lot thirty-three, town- 
ship seven, range six, lately known as the Palmer lot. Mr. 
McMillen died March 15, 1846; his first wife died March 29, 
1823 ; his second wife was Rachel Jones, who died March, 1863. 
His children were: 


Helen, died in Olean. 

Henry, died in infancy. 

Julia A., 

Marcus G., died in Olean in the Fall of 1882. 

Betsey R., died Oct. 30, 1845. 

Stewart G., lives in Monticello, Miss. 

Eugenia, died May i, 1843. 

Williaiii McMillen'.s Family. 

William McMillen married Lydia Sherman, Jan. 8, 1849. 
Their children are: 

Clark S., Adelaide E., Charlotte R., Sarah E., and Emma L. 

Clark S., married Francena Eastwood and lives in Saginaw, 

Adelaide E., married William McDuffie, her second husband 
was Wallace McMaster. 

Charlotte R., married George McMillen, of Gowanda. 

Jonathan Mayo. 

Jonathan Mayo came to Concord in the Fall of 18 16, from 
Oxford, Worcester count)', Mass., with his family of six sons 
and three daughters, four of whom are now living. His oldest 
son, Jonathan, was killed while felling trees in 1825, and was 
the first person buried in the " Block School House," cemetery. 

Hiram, Orrin, George and Nancy are dead. 

Erastus married Nancy Curtis. 

Harriet married the late Calvin Smith, senior. 

Lucy married Orra D. Curtis. 

The first night after Jonathan Mayo arrived in town with his 
famil)', he staid with Captain Wells on Vaughan street, then 


there was no road north to Griffith's Corners, except by follow- 
ing a line of marked trees. After a year or two of pioneering, 
he located on lot thirty-five, township seven, range seven, where 
he lived until his death in 1859, aged eighty-two ; his wife hav- 
ing died several years before. During the early days of Mr. 
Mayo's residence in town, he one day captured, while walking 
along, a young fawn, which he took home and domesticated. 
It was given its liberty and used to associate with the wild 
deer, which were very numerous. This fact lead to its being 
used by hunters as a decoy to facilitate the approach to wild 
deer, and as it wore something about its neck, it could be dis- 
tinguished from its wild companions ; but one day a careless 
hunter found it with two other deer and not recognizing it, shot 
all three of them. 

Sanford Mayo. 

Mr. Mayo was born in Oxford, Worcester county, Mass., in 
1812; came to this town with his father's family, as before 
mentioned. He succeeded his father in the possession of the 
homestead, which he now owns. *He was married in 1839 ^o 
Lucy Stanbro, daughter of Amos Stanbro. 

They have had six children : 

Eveline, born Nov. 3, 1840; married in 1867 to Henry 
Palmer; died in 1868. 

Harry A., born Aug. 11, 1843; died in 1863. 

Orrin D., born Oct. 8, 1847; married in 1872 to Emma J. 

Hattie, born July 18, 1850; died in 1865. 

Addie J., born Aug. 14, 1856; married in 1S74 to Alfred 

Nellie P., born Dec. 28, i860. 

Sanford Mayo died from injures received by being struck by 
a railroad car Oct. i, 1883, aged seventy-one years, five months 
and twenty days. 

Cleorg"e Mayo. 

George Mayo was born in this town in 1822; he was married 
in 1845 to Minerva Minor. 
They have two children : 
Libbie L., who was a successful teacher ; she was at one time 


Preceptress in Grififith institute ; she is now married to Mr. E. 
J. Foster, and resides in Collins. 

Charles Mayo, a cheese maker. 

Mr. Mayo always resided in town, and nearly all of his ma- 
ture years have been spent in some official capacity. He was 
for twenty-five years a Constable, was Deputy Sheriff six 
years, and has been Collector. George Mayo died Oct. 17, 
i<S8o. aged fifty-eight years and two months. 

William L. Mayo. 

Mr. Mayo was born Dec. 10, 1832, in Concord, of which town 
he has since been a resident, with the exception of four years 
spent at Portsmouth, Ohio, from which place he enlisted April 
25, 1 861, in the First regiment Ohio volunteers, Co. G. He 
served four months in this regiment and then enlisted with the 
commission of First Lieutenant in the One Hundredth regiment 
New York volunteers. Company A; mustered into service Sept. 
23. 1 861, his commission dating from October 1st of the same 
year. He was in the hard fought battles in which his regiment 
took part. At the battle of Fair Oaks he was slightly wounded ; 
for gallant service he was commissioned Captain of Company A 
Oct. 1 1, 1862 ; he resigned his commission May 25, 1863, and in 
June following was mustered out of service and returned home. 
Mr. Mayo has served one term as Assessor of Concord, He 
was married in 1864 to Clarinda Williams; they have three 

Joshua Matliewson. 

Joshua Matliewson was born in P'ebruar)', 1 771, in Massa- 
chusetts; came to Sardinia from Vermont in 181 1; his occu- 
pation was a farmer ; was married in 1 791, and died March 6, 
1823 ; his wife's maiden name was Margaret Hale, who was 
born about 1772 in Massachusetts, and died April 14, 1821. 

They had twel\-e children : 

Hale, was born in the }'ear 1798; was married to Pruda 
Williams, and died in Aurora in 1875. 

Elijah, was born in 1795 ; married to Polly Palmer in 18 18 ; 
died in Orleans county, N. Y., Nov. 31, 1876. 

Jonathan, was born in June, 1796. 


Joshua, was born in 1797; was married to Almira Flagg ; 
died in March, 1864. 

Bcthia, died youn<j^. 

Anna, was born in 1801 ; married Asa Wells; died in June, 

Laura, was born about 1804; married Asa Wells; died in 
September, 1846. 

Daisey, was born about 1809; niarried Delos Birdsley ; died 
at Arcade in 1880. 

Phebe, born in 1810; died in Illinois. 

George, born in December, 1812; married Patience Starks ; 
she died ; he married a Mrs. Damon ; he died at Springville. 

Frederick B., born in October, 181 3; married Phoebe Squires, 
who died ; he married for his second wife Eliza Gibbs ; he 
lives in Concord. 

May, born May 29, 181 5 ; married to George Baker, who died 
in 1879; ^1^^' lives in Iowa. 

Joshua Mathewson settled where Byron Wells now lives, in 

S. H. McEwen's Statement. 

My father Timothy McE\\en came to Buffalo in 1806 from 
Utica, where he was married. My mother's maiden name was 
Huldah Ho\'t. Father was a shoemaker and leather dealer, and 
carried on that business in Buffalo on the east side of Main 
street, between Seneca and Exchange, where he owned an acre 
of land in the center of the block. He lived there and carried 
on business until the burning of Buffalo. (3n tiie morning of 
that day they packed up so much of their most valuable prop- 
erty as they could load into a one-horse sleigh, and my father 
bound me on his back with a blanket, and my mother took my 
sister Susan — fourteen months younger than I — on her back in 
the same way, and they drove the horse and walked in the 
snow through the woods to what is now Abbot's Corners, in 
Hamburgh. My father left his family at Mr. Titus' and 
returned to Buffalo on the evening of the next. day and found 
his propert)' all burned up. He set to work immediately col- 
lecting materials for re-building. The next season he volun- 
teered and went over to Canada and assisted in taking; Fort 


Erie. I was born Nov. 14, 1809. When I was six or seven 
years old, the Indian chief Farmer's Brother came to our house 
sick, and remained there sick till he died ; I used to carry 
water to him. My mother died in the Spring of 1818; the 
next Fall I went to live with my uncle, Joseph D. Hoyt, and 
lived with him till I was twenty-one years of age. He carried 
on the tanning business in a tannery between Exchange and 
Carroll streets, and I learned my trade with him. I then went to 
Chippeway, Canada, and carried on the tanning and leather busi- 
ness during the years of 1834 and 1835. In the summer of 1836, I 
carried on the pelt and wool business with John Bush, father 
of Myron P. Bush. In the Fall of 1836 I came to Springville 
and bought an undivided half of the tannery ai.J stock of J. 
D. Hoyt. The tannery stood on the Shuttleworth lot, east of 
the mill race and between Main and Franklin streets. We ran 
the business together till 1845, ^vhen I sold out to the Hoyt 
estate. I then bought the old Lake store on Main street and 
ran the hide and leather business till 1 366, when I sold the 
property to Ozro Churchill and went into partnership in the 
tanning business with Sampson & Willcox, and remained 
therein ten months, when I sold out to them and retired from 
the leather business. Since then I have been in poor health, 
and have occupied my time mainly on my small piece of land. 

Mr. McEwen married Julia Ann Shultus; she died Dec. 5th, 
1845. He married his second wife, Eliza Jane Smith, Jan. 5th, 
1853. Their children are : 

Ida Ann, born Dec. 22, 1853, and died Nov. 13, 1862. 

Addie Jane, born Sept. 16, 1858, and died Sept. 21, 1872. 

Blanche, born Jan. 14, 1862. 

Carrie H., born Feb. 16, 1864. 

Seth H., born April 2, 1866, 

Earle S., born Feb. 10, 1872. 

Stephen McEwen died March 26, 1882, aged seventy-two 
years, four months and twelve days. 

Joliii H. Melviii. 

John H. Melvin was born in Springville, N. Y., [an 5, 1847; 
at an early age he was adopted into the famil}' of Amos Mel- 
vin ; in i860 he entered the ofTfice of J. B. Saxe. publisher of 


the Springville Herald, as an apprentice to the printers' trade. 
After leaving the office of Mr. Saxe he worked as a journe)'- 
>Tian printer in various localities in New York, Pennsylvania 
and Virginia, and in the cities of Buffalo and New York, ex- 
periencing during the meantime the vicissitudes incident to the 
craft, until he associated himself witli W. W. Rlakeley on the 
Springville Jour)ial mid Herald in November, 1867 ; sold out 
his interest in 1873 and started the Pioneer printing office in 
Hamburg; from there he opened a job office in Buffalo in 
1876, which he conducted, together with engraving (he is also 
an artist and engraver), until the Fall of 1879, '^vhen, in connec- 
tion with T. G. Meyers, he commenced the publication of the 
Local Neivs in Springville, N. Y. He was a member of the 
Seventy-fourth New York State National Guard, and accom- 
panied his regiment to Pennsylvania at the time of Lee's inva- 
sion. Mr. Melvin was married in 1872 to Zelia ]\I. Smith, 
daughter of Calvin Smith. They have one child : 

Lizzie, born June 5, 1874. 

Mr. Melvin's mother, Mrs. Amos Melvin, was born in Pl\- 
mouth, N. H., June ii, 1797 ; her maiden name was Relief 
Blodgett ; she was married in her native town in 1822 and five 
years after removed to Wayne county, N. Y., and from there 
to Spring\-ille in 1833, where she has ever since resided. She 
retains her physical and mental powers remarkabl}' well, and 
relates many interesting incidents connected with the pioneer 
history of that part of her native state where she lived ; among 
others she speaks of her father's going a distance of forty miles 
to the cit\' of Concord to mill, with a hand-sled, it being the 
nearest mill at that time — ^1760. 

Weiidel Morton. 

Wendel Morton was born May 1st, 1781, in the town of 
Stoughton, Mass. Here the years of his minority were passed, 
and after attaining his majority he was married to Miss Polly 
G. South worth, of his native town, who was born April 14, 
1779 ; iri 1804 he moved to Onondaga county, N. Y., where he 
remained until the year 1826, when he disposed of his effects 
there and came to the town of Boston, Erie county, N. Y.; 
here he resided with his famil\- for ten y^ears, when he trans- 


ferred his property and bought again at West Concord, which 
has since been known as Morton's Corners. 

W endel Morton was a man far above mediocre, and possessed 
much native abiHt}' that rather tended to the humorous, which 
under more auspicious circumstances would have brought him 
before the pubhc a prominent character. He was an own 
cousin to the indomitable Governor Morton, who for twenty 
successive years was the Democratic candidate for executive 
honors in the Bay state before he succeeded, and then only 
elected by one majority. Before leaving Onondaga county he 
filled several positions of an official character, and among these 
was that of Deputy Sheriff. During the preliminary examina- 
tion of the Thayer brothers before a Justice for the murder of 
John Love in the town of Boston, Dec. 24, 1824, Wendel Mor- 
ton was their keeper ; one day the Court was adjourned for 
dinner, leaving Morton, the prisoners and a few spectators in 
possession of the room; Israel Thayer stepped to the Justice's 
desk, and taking the Bible he presented it to Morton, saying with 
much bravado, " Elder, you preach us a sermon from a text." 
Morton received the book and deliberately opened it, when the 
first thing that his eye rested upon was this impressive pas- 
sage : which he rendered in a low and solemn voice " He 
that sheddeth man's blood by man his blood shall be 
shed." This fell upon the culprit's guilty conscience like a 
clap of thunder from a clear and cloudless sky, all his assumed 
stoicism fled at the just accusation, and he spitefully snatched 
the Bible from Morton's hand, saying with an oath, " You are 
a poor preacher and I don't want to hear any more of your 
talk." Morton said, " From the very looks of the accused one's 
face upon my reading this passage I became convinced that the 
right ones had been apprehended, as the sequel proved." 

During the later days of his life he became partially blind, 
but this affliction did not destro}- his genial nature, and almost 
up to the closing scene, he had alwa\'s recourse to a fund of 
rich and racy anecdote to entertain his friends He died Oct. 
4, 1868, after having compassed nearh' four score years and ten. 

Mrs. Morton was of the old school of gentlewomen, whose 
every day deportment made the humblest of homes a paradise, 
and not onlv this but it carried consolation to the homes of 


-cUhci's in life's darkest hours. She cheerfully accepted each 
situation and made the most of it without a murmur. Mer 
identic, uniform kindness, combined with a nature that entered 
largely into the burdens and sorrows of others, won for her 
hosts of friends who mourned her death as a mother. She 
departed this life Aug. 7, 1858. 

Five children were born to this union, v\z. : 

Eliza S., born Sept. 14, 1804; died Dec. 28, 1877. 

Otis C, bom 

Alanson P., born April 14, 1811 ; died March 4, 1872. 

Mary A., born 1816; died 1848. 

Samuel A., born May 8, 18 18. 

Saiuiii'l A. Morton. 

Samuel A. Morton was born in the town of Manlius, Onondaga 
county, N. Y., May 8, 18 18, and came to this town (Concord) 
in the year 1830. For a term of years, he in company with 
his brother Alanson, carried on the business of hotel keeping 
at Morton's Corners together with that of farming. Mr. Mor- 
ton held a commission as Postmaster at Morton's Corners, 
under the administration of Franklin Pierce and also of James 
Buchanan, Sept. 27, 1853. He was united in matrimon\- to 
Miss Ursula P. Ostrander, who was born Nov. 5, 1827, in the 
town of Hoosic, Rensselaer county, N. Y., and he took his bride 
to the very place that has since been their home. Mr. Morton 
is what might be termed a progressive farmer, who, being fully 
impressed with the belief that the comforts of life may be 
enjoyed by those who till the soil as well as by those who live 
at careless ease on an assured competence, has surrounded his 
home with every convenience that the age affords, and thouo-h 
his years now number more than three score, time has dealt 
leniently with him and finds him in possession of health, 
strength and vigor to prosecute the labors ef his favorite and 
chosen calling. 

Four children were born to this union, viz. : 

Mar\' A., born Aug. 24, 1854; died Oct. 9, 1854., 

Laura F., born Aug. 23, 1855. 

Wendell J., born March 30, 1859. 

Carroll G., born Dec. 25, i860. 


John P. Myers. 

John P. Myers was born in the town of Hume, Allegany 
county, July 4, 1843. He came to Springville in the year 1877 
from Sardinia. He is a merchant and one of the firm of Beebe 
& Myers, extensive dealers in dry goods. He was married in 
the year 1870 to Miss Florence A. Beebe. They have had two 
children both of whom died young. 

In October, 1861, Mr. Myers enlisted in the one hundred and 
fourth regiment, New York State Volunteers, to serve three 
years. He was engaged in nearly all the battles of the Army 
of the Potomac until the battle of Antietam, where he \\as 
wounded by a musket-ball shattering the bone near the ankle. 
The ball was taken out seven years afterward, which he has 
preserved in remembrance of Antietam. Was in the hospital 
five months A\hen he was offered his discharge, but refused it 
preferring to rejoin his command. Was taken prisoner at Get- 
tysburg, July I, 1863, and was taken to Belle Island near Rich- 
mond, where he remained about seven months, from there to 
Andersonville, where he remained until Sherman on his march 
to the sea, came so near to them that they were taken to Camp 
Millen, from there to Savannah, from there to Jacksonville, 
Fla., and from there back to Andersonville on Christmas day, 
where he remained until the close of the war, making him a 
prisoner twenty-two months. What he suffered during his long 
confinement in Rebel prisons, helps to make up one of the 
darkest pages in our American history. 

Elisha Mack. 

Elisha Mack came to this town in 1827. He was a la\\}-er 
and held the of^ce of Justice of the Peace in the town a num- 
ber of years and also was Post Master in Springville twelve 
years. He engaged to some extent in the mercantile business 
and built a store and dwelling house where the Presbyterii.a 
Church now stands. He was also a farmer and managed a farm 
on the east part of lot nine. He sold out his business in this 
town and moved to Illinois in 1846, and settled near Xauvoo, 
where he died soon after. He had four children : 

Sarah, James, Helen and Benjamin, who are all li\ing in the 


Andrew McLin. 

Andrew McLin settled on lot thirteen, on Townscnd Hill, 
in 1 8 17. He died a few years afterwards, leaving three children. 

Jacob, was killed when a young man, by a falling tree while 
felling trees in the woods. 

Polly, was a school teacher and married Asa R. Trevitt and 
died in the town of West Seneca. 

Martha, married Levi Ballou and died in Buffalo. 

fJac'ob Mar.siolja. 

Jacob Marsielja was born in Holland, Europe, Dec. 22, 1837. 
Came to America when about eight years of age, and to Con- 
cord about 1865 ; married Margaret C. Baker in 1866. They 
have five children : 

Sarah A., born May 22, 1872. 

Charles E., born Feb. 26, 1874. 

Ella M., born May 21, 1876. 

Clyde J., born Aug. 27, 1877. 

George A., born May 9, 1879. 

Mrs. Marsielja's father, William Baker, one of Concord's 
early pioneers, was born in Orange, Franklin county, Mass., 
March i, iSoi. He came to Concord in 18 17, and located near 
East Concord, and has been a resident of the town ever since. 

He was married in Concord to Anstris Edwards, who was 
born in Providence, R. L, Nov. 9, 1798. She had been pre- 
viously married in New England, to Ansel Norcott, with whom 
she came to Concord about 1820. Mr. Norcott died leaving 
two daughters : 

Nancy R., married James Fleming. 

Catherine, married Dr. Henry D\'e and since died. 

l-5y her second marriage, with Mr. Baker, they had eight 
children : 

Lyman P., born 1826; married Matilda Strickland. 

Cynthia, born 1828; married Rev. Charles Shelling. 

Ansel, born 1830; married Jennie P^irman ; died 1869. 

Eldridge, born 1833 • died young. 

Ovanda, i| . , n ) married Frank Kester. 

„ . , ■ twms, born 1835, ,- . , ,w-,i- it-t 

Uvmda, ', ) married William Wilcox. 

Margaret C, born 1838 ; married Jacob Marsielja. 

Mary E., born 1842; married William Power; died 1866. 


Frederick Meyer. 

Frederick Meyer was born May, 1836, in the City of Buffalo, 
and came to Concord in 1858. Was married June, 1856, to 
Magdalena Derrinberger, who was born in 1837. He is a 
farmer by occupation. His father's name is George Meyer; 
his mother's maiden name was Magdalena Haas. His father 
has lived in Boston seventeen years. Family record : 

George, born March 27, 1857. 

Frederick, born Aug. 13, 1859. 

William A., born March 26, 1863. 

Henrietta, born July 16, 1873. 

Albert, born June 12, 1879. 

William P. Mills. 

William P. Mills was born Jan.. 8, 1822, in Middletown, 
Orange county, New York. His father's name was Ebenezer 
Mills ; his mother's maiden name was Maria Coleman. For 
several years before reaching his majority, Mr. Mills was a mer- 
chant's clerk in his native village. He was married in May, 

1845, to Deborah Clark, and, in the following December re- 
moved to this town with his father-in-law onto Townsend Hill. 
He has resided at different places in town ever since, and has 
been extensively engaged in farming, dairying and cheese-buy- 
ing. They have three children, viz.: 

H. Eugene, married in 1873 to Lottie Crary, ^\•ho has since 
died. Mr. Mills' present business is selling carriages. 

Frances M. married Ralph Greene, dentist ; resides at Fre- 
donia, N. Y. 

Clark W., drug clerk. 

Saiiford Mathe"vi'SOii. 

His father's name was Charles Mathewson ; his mother's 
maiden name was Cordelia French ; his grandfather's name 
was Jonathan Mathewson ; his grandmother's maiden name 
Lucy Crosby. He was born in the Town of Sardinia, Aug. 3, 

1846. He was married in the year 1874 to Miss Jennie L. 
Otis, daughter of James Otis of Sardinia. He has resided in 
Sardinia, Yorkshire and Concord, and has followed the business 
of farming. 

Their children are Gracie E. and James C. 


Abraliaui Mi<ldeauj;Ii. 

Abraham Middcaugh came here, bou<^ht and took a deed of 
lot nine, consisting of the south part of theVillage of Springville, 
in 1817. He also articled other lands and returned home and 
began making preparations to move here. He had sent on a 
part of his goods, and while preparing to follow himself with 
the remaintler; he liad occasion to stay one night at a hotel ; he 
got up early and went out to the barn to take care of his horse, 
which kicked him, causing his death a short time after. Some 
of his friends came here and disposed of the goods alread)' 
bought and also the land he had bought. 

He was a brother of Mrs. Daniel Tice and Mrs. Joseph Ham- 

Hugh McAleese. 

Hugh McAleese was born at Ballymana, County Antrim, Ire- 
land, in 1832. His father's name was Daniel and his mother's 
maiden name was Eliza Quinn. He came to this country on 
a sailing vessel in 1848; w^as nine weeks and three days cross- 
ing to New York ; went to Kinderhook, Columbia county, and 
learned his trade in Kinderhook and Albany. He came to 
Springville in i860, and has carried on the blacksmithing busi- 
ness here since that time. 

His brother, John who was killed by the cars in Canada in 
1859, came here before he did and run a blacksmith shop. 

Hugh was married to Miss Hannah Feigh in 1863. Their 
children are John E., James, Hugh, Sarah and Jessie. 

Lewis Nichols. 

Lewis Nichols was born June 12, 1773. He married Betsy 
Hovell, who was born July 18, 1774. They came to this town 
from Scipio, Cayuga county, N. Y. in 181 8, and located at what 
has since been known as Nichols' Corners, where Mr. Nichols, 
always lived until his death in 1862 ; Mrs. Nichols having died 
in 1854. Their children were: 

Abijah,born March 5. 1792; married Anna Pixly ; died about 
1872, in town. 

Lucy, born March 9, 1794; married Stephen Knight, F. W. B. 
minister; died about 1871. 


Polly, born July 3, 1796; married Arza King; died about 
1865, in Cayuga county. 

Sally, born Sept. 3, 1798; married William Elliot; resides in 
Cayuga county. 

Isaac, born March 12, 1801 ; married Zilpha Ford; died 
in town. 

Betsy, born April 29, 1803; married Orrin Lewis; died 
about 1844, at Dubuque, Iowa. 

David, born May 28, 1805 ; was a M. E. minister; died about 
1876, in Kansas. 

Lewis, born Feb. 14, 1808 ; died in Illinois about i860. 

Aner, born April 28, 1810; married Joshua Steele; died 
about 1 87 1, in town. 

John, born Aug. 11, 1817; married Clarinda Richardson in 
1 840. 

Nancy, born Sept. 5, 1820; married Orrin Lewis, resides in 
Dubuque, Iowa. 

John Nichols. 

John Nichols come to town with his father and alwa}'s 
resided upon the homestead until 1869, when he moved to 
Springville, where Mr. Nichols died in 1875. He has held the 
offices of Assessor and Overseer of Poor. Their children are : 

Betsy, died when a child. 

Charles H., married Elva Styles in 1870; resides on the 

Levi L., married Elizabeth Carroll in 1869; resides in Buf- 
falo ; cattle dealer. 

Carlos J., married Addie Campbell in 1870; resides at Rich- 
wood, Ohio ; dentist. 

Lawrence, married Addie Davis ; have one son, Arthur ; drug- 
gist in Springville. 

Isaac Nichols. 

Isaac Nichols, son of Louis and Betsy Nichols, was born 
March 12, 1801, in Huntington, Conn. When seventeen years 
of age, he removed to Concord, where he resided until his 
death, Dec. 10, 1864. He was married Dec. 24, 1820, to Zil- 


pah Ford. The following;" is the faniilx' record of their cliil- 
dren : 

Luther r\, born, Oct. 3, 1822; married, first to Juha Ann 
Woodbur)' ; lives in Iowa. 

Harriet P., born Nov. 5, 1823 ; married Dewe}' Tift ; died 
June 1 1, 1882. 

Martha H., born June 25, 1825 ; married Alanson Ford ; 
h'ves in Iowa. 

Julia Ann, born July 19, 1827; married Jacob Lampman. 

Lucy M., born Nov. 21, 1829 ; married William Woodbur\- ; 
lix'es in Hamburg-. 

Alvin L., born June 26, 183 1 ; married, first to Lllen Hyde, 
second, to Maria Styles. 

David B., born Feb. 3, 1835 ; died July 23, 1856. 

Isaac N., born Sept. 18, 1837; married Helen Smith; killed 
by a falling tree March 7, 1862. 

Mariette, born Nov. 5, 1841, married Jasj^er Luther; lixes in 

Aliuoii Nichols. 

Almon Nichols was born March 12, 18 19, His father, Abi- 
jah S. Nichols, was born in Connecticut, and removed to Scip- 
io, Cayuga county, N. Y., and subsequently came to the town 
of Concord in the year 1818; his mother's maiden name was 
Anna Pixley. Almon Nichols is a farmer by occupation; was 
married in the year 1842 to Melissa Griswold, who died in the 
year 1847 ! "^"^'^^ married to Clarinda Webster Feb. 10, 1850, who 
died April 15, 1851, and was married to Diana Richardson, his 
present wife, Aug. 25, 1851, who was the daughter of Jeremiah 
Richardson, and was born July 4, 1824. Mr. Nichols has taught 
fifteen terms of school in this and other towns. He was elected 
Justice in 1S70. 

His children are : 

Wallace, born Feb. 16, 1845 ; married Jenette Briggs. 

Betsey Clarinda. born April 12, 185 i; married LcKo\- Mil- 

Helen, born June 4, 1852; married I-Ldward Hatch. 

Manley, born Aug. 14, 1854; married Ilattie Sherman. 


Beiijaiiiiii Nelson. 

Benjamin Nelson came to this town from Brandon, Vt., about 
1818; his wife's maiden name was Annie Morton. He settled 
on the Cattaraut^us creek on the farm now owned by H. T. 
Wadsworth ; from there he moved to the place where John 
Vosburg now lives ; this he soon after sold and bought the 
place where Charles Pingrey now lives ; he then moved to the 
Horton place on Vaughan street, where his wife and three chil- 
dren died ; he afterwards moved to Springville, where he died 
April 14, 1861 ; Mrs. Nelson died Sept. 12, 1850. 

They had ten children: 

Wilbur A., died Sept. 21, 1850. 

Jonathan M., died in 1846. 

Aurora A., married George Kingman and lives in S[)ring- 

Abercia, married Damon Dodge; lives in Minnesota. 

Alberto O., lives in Michigan. 

Franklin J., lives in Dansville, N. Y. 

Wells C, lives in Machias. 

Julius G.. died in 1850. 

Maria A., married William Josh'n ; lives in Si)ringville. 

Harriet M., died in 1850. 

Labau A. NetMlham. 

Mr. Needham's father, Oliver Needham, was born in Massa- 
chusetts; was married there in 181 3, to Lodisa Green ; came 
from there to this town in the Fall of 18 19, and settled on lot 
six, range seven, township seven, where he always resided until 
his death in 1873. In the earlier days of our town he was 
Supervisor several )X'ars, and afterwards served as Assessor a 
number of terms. 

He had five sons, viz.: 

Laban A. 

Charles, married Eveline Martin ; resides in Boston. 

Aaron (j., married Melissa Blanchard ; resitle in town. 

Da\id, married Lovina F^ields; resides in Wisconsin. 

Warren, resides in Florida. 

Laban A. Needham was born Nov. 6, 181 3, in Massachusetts. 
He came to this town with his ])arents w hen si.x years of age ; 


in 1.S27 he i)iircliasccl land of the 1 lollaiul C(jmpan)- on the same 
lot that his father localetl on, A\hich he has ever since owned 
and occupied; between 1830 and 1840 he tau^^ht seven terms 
of scliool in Concord ; he was Captain of Mihtia four )X'ars, 
from 1839 to 1843. In 1843 !''<-' was married to Mariam Twich- 
ell. Mr. Needham has served tlie town as Assessor tweh'e 
years in succession, from 1859 ^*' 1871. 

Theodore 15. Norri!-. 

Theodore B. Norris was born Au^. 3, i8z^., in Oneida count)', 
N. \'., and came to Springville in 1847 : he enlisted under the 
call of Jul)- 2, 1862; was mustered into the service at RufTalo 
Aug. 18, 1862, Compan)- F, One Hundred and Sixteenth regi- 
ment. New York volunteers; left September 15th and went 
into camp near Baltimore, under command of (leneral Wool ; 
left for Louisiana November 5th ; on arriving at New Orleans 
his regiment was transferred to General Banks' command, first 
dix'ision of the nineteenth army corps, under Brig. -Gen. Wil- 
liam H. Emory; he was a member of the volunteer stornnng 
party known as " The Forlorn Hope," which was selected for 
the storming of Port Hudson ; in this siege he lost an eye; he 
participated in the Red river expedition and the battles result- 
ing from it; he left Louisiana for Virginia July 5, 1864, arriv- 
ing in time to take part in opposing General Early's raid upon 
Washington ; his regiment next joined Sheridan in the Shen- 
andoah Valley campaign, and took part in the battles of Win" 
Chester, Cedar Creek, &c.; after doing three months guard 
dut)' at the national capital, he was mustered out of the ser\-ice 
June 5, 1865 ; he was Corporal of his compan)-. 

Mr. Norris was married in 1872 to Lucinda Hazard; they 
have one child, Mabel Norris. Mr. Norris has been Town 
Clerk and Collector, and on Jan. 9, J 875, he was commissioned 
Postmaster at Springville, which position he has ever since ably 

Ei»lii'aiiii Nee<lhain. 

Ephraim Needham was born in Massachusetts in 1791 and 

came to this town in company \\ith William and Lucy Chapin. 

He settled on lot forty-five, township seven, range six, in 

422 bio(;raphical sketches. 

1817. He was married to Sally Foster, April, 1820, and went 
to Illinois in 1847 ^'""tl died there in 1855. They had five 
children : 

Huldah, Lysander, Albert, Roana and George, all of whom 
are dead except Lysander and Albert; who live in Illinois. 
Mrs. Needham is living with her son Lysander, in Brant. 

Lysander Needham. 

Lysander Needham was born in Concord, Jan, 12, 1823, and 
was married to Almeda Cranston June 16, 1834. After her 
death he was married to Catharine Tabor, Aug. 30, 1837. By 
his first wife he had two children : 

Roana, born Jan. 17, 1847; died Aug. 24, 1871. 

Ephraim A., born .Sept. 18, 1853 ; is now^ living in Brant. 

The children of his second wife are : 

Josie, born June 16, 1868. 

Emma, born April 3, 1874 ; died Sept. 12, 1874. 

Mr. Needham was Captain of Co. E, 67th Regiment and was 
at Harrisburg, Pa., in 1863. 

Solomon Ostraiider. 

Solomon Ostrander came to this town from Montgomery 
county, N. Y., in 1848, and settled in East Concord on lot 
thirty-five, township seven, range six, where Lyman Smith now 
lives. Here he lived until his death, which occurred April 18, 
1862. He had fourteen children, three of whom died acci- 
dental deaths. 

Tunis, married Alida Veder and lives near East Concord. 

Margaret, married Christopher Bradt ; died east. 

Maryctte, married a man by the name of Cool ; he died in 
the east , she afterwards married Berlin Hurd, of Springville. 

John, married Rachel Graff; after her death he married Kate 
Odell. He died May 10, 1883. 

Peter, lives in Montgomery count}', N. Y. 

Albert, died April 21, 1871. 

Catherine, married Vincent Cole. 

Jacob, died June ii, 1864. 

William, ilied in Montgomery count)', N. Y. 

Solomon, Jr., married Margaret Williamson and lives in Ohio. 


AarSn, married Diantho Kin^ and lives near East Concord. 
Cornelius, died in Montgomery county. 
Sarah, died in Montgomery county. 

Jacob Oyer. 

Jacob Oyer was born in the town of Ashford, Cattaraugus 
county, in 1823. His father's name was David Oyer, and his 
mother's maiden name was Mary Elizabeth P^-ank. His grand- 
father, Jacob Oyer was taken prisoner by the Indians and taken 
to Canada and sold for one crown. His great-grandfather was 
killed at the battle of Oriskany. He has lived in Ashford, 
Sardinia, Checktawaga, West Seneca and Concord. He has fol- 
lowed the business of farming most of his lifetime. He was 
Justice of the Peace in West Seneca for eight years. In 1847, 
he was married to Amanda J. Spaulding. 

Their children are : 

Clara E., married to Dr. R. S. Hambleton and resides in 

Eddy Jay died in West Seneca, Nov. 5, 1867. 

Margaret Ann lives in Basel, Switzerland, and teaches 

Frank E. 

Ella De Emma. 

Harlan E. is now in a drug store in Buffalo. 

C'liaiio.s W. Piiigroy. 

Charles W. Pingrey was born March 11, 1843, '" the town of 
Sardinia, came to reside in Concord in 1866; is a farmer; he 
was married to Sarah A. King, daughter of Alvah King, March 
7, 1866, and now lives on the old Homestead farm one mile 
east of Springville ; his father's name is William Pingry ; his 
mother's maiden name was Mary Ann Wilder. For particulars 
of his ancestry record is had to the record of his father, Wil- 
liam Pingrc}-. 

The}- had three children : 

Albert L., born P^eb. 3, 1869. 

Frank E., born Aug. 17, 1873; died Jan. 7. 1877. 

Clarence A., bom Now 8, 1878. 


AVilliain Piugi-ey's Statement. ^ 

I was born Aug. I, i8o6, in the Town of Mt. Holley, Rut- 
land county, Vt.; came to the Town of Concord (now Sardinia) 
in 1817 ; am by occupation a farmer; was married May 15, 
1839; '"^"^y ^vife's name was Mary Ann Wilder, daughter of 
Charles Wilder, late of the Town of Sardinia ; she was born in 
Wendall, Franklin county, Mass ; my father's name was Jona- 
than Pingrey ; he removed to Concord (now Sardinia) in 1816; 
was born in Rowley, Mass., in 1765; died May 4, 1840; my 
mother's maiden name was Eleanor Pease ; father and mother 
were married in 1794; mother died June 4, 1850. 

My ancestors removed from England as early as 1O41, and 
settled in Ipswich, Mass., and engaged in active military ser- 
vice in the several wars that occurred at their time, and what 
was known as the French and Indian war and fighting Indians 
generally as circumstances required, and in the Revolutionary 
war one of my uncles was in command as colonel at the battle 
of Lexington. 

When my father moved from Mt. Holley, Vt., he came with 
a two-horse wagon heavily loaded with furniture, farming tools 
etc.; was twenty-one days on the road ; left part of his load at 
Canandaigua, and returned afterwards for it. We moved into 
a log house 18x20 feet, built by Horace Ryder; the floors 
were made of split basswood ; the roof was made of shakes 
rived from elm timber; this apartment accommodated the fam- 
ily (nine persons) until we raised the upper story and made 
sleeping room up stairs. Our furniture consisted of a cross- 
legged table 3x4 feet, three chairs, some benches and a loom ; 
we had two iron bake kettles ; these served us very well until 
we built a stone oven on top of a hemlock stump that stood 
near the house ; at one time for a few days we were out of 
bread while father was gone to Canandaigua after provisions ; 
but one of our neighbors, Mr. Charles Wells, furnished us with 
flour and venison. 

Our farming tools were better than those of most of our 
neighbors, as we brought some with us. 

The woods were full of deer, wolves and bears and other 
smaller wild animals, so we had wild meat \-ery often ; and I 
being the small boy, it was my business to bring in the cows. 


and it was often after dark before I found the cows ; one nii^ht 
I was dri\'in<^ the cows home and a wolf howled near me, and 
then he went off a distance and howled to get other wolves to 
come, but soon returned and followed me near the house; my 
sister hearing the wolf howl, blew the tin horn to guide me 
towards home. 

We had raised a fine crop of r)X', and having one new-milk 
cow we calculated to live well, but while our first grist of rye 
was at the mill to be ground we lost our cow by an accident in 
the woods; this made us rather short, and mother looked sol- 

The cause which led father to leave Vermont and come to 
the Holland Purchase was that to assist a young man to start 
in business ; he became responsible pecuniarily and met with 
such a loss as compelled him to sell his farm and leave his old 
home, and his advice to me on a subsequent occasion perhaps 
saved me from a similar disaster ; when father moved into the 
Town of Concord the Town of Concord embraced ^vhat is now 
Collins, North Collins, Concord and Sardinia, but when the 
Town of Concord was divided our location \\as in the Town of 
Sardinia ; before the division town meetings were held some- 
times at one point and then at another, to suit the people. 

Religious meetings were held by Methodist circuit preachers 
at Ezekiel Smith's ; I recollect that the name of one was 
Locke ; the Freewill Baptists held meetings at Uncle George 
Richmond's ; Elder Richard Carey and a man named Patchin 
and some others from Boston of^ciated at these meetings. 

Two schools were kept about equi-distant from us — four and 
half miles each wa}'- — one at Dr. Colegrove's Corners and one 
at Liberty Pole Corners, one and one-fourth miles east of 
Springville ; I first attended school taught by Patty Long in 
Jerry Wilcox's horse stable, six miles east of Springville; my 
next school, the Winter following, was kept by Benjamin 
George, father of Rev. Isaac George, at Morton Crosby's, on 
the Cattaraugus creek, five miles east of Springville ; the schol- 
ars ranged from. fi\-e to twenty-five >'ears of age. 

Ail my father's famil)' but two settled in Sardinia and one 
settled in Yorkshire. My oldest brother, Jonathan, went to 
Texas, and we ha\-e ne\er heard from him. 


I lived on the farm I first took up fifty years ; began with 
sixty acres, and when I sold out I had three hundred ; I settled 
where I now live in 1866. 

My children are : 

William H., born June 5, 1840. 

Charles W., born March 11, 1843. 

Orange Parineiiter's Stateiueiit. 

Was born Sept, 4, 1817, in the Town of Concord; am a 
farmer ; was married to Sally Andrews, daughter of Harvey 
Andrews ; my wife died. My father's name was Elijah Par- 
menter; my mother's maiden name was Sally Miles; my 
father came from Rutland county, Vermont, in the year 18 10, 
and made a beginning on the farm now owned and occupied by 
Harrison Pingrey, three-quarters of a mile east of Springville ; 
after living there about one year, he removed to what is now 
the Stephen Tefft farm on Cattaraugus creek, about three miles 
west of Springville ; he moved from Vermont with an ox-team ; 
subsequently settled on a farm in Ashford, Cattaraugus county^ 
near Scoby's mills, where he lived until the time of his death, 
being a period of fifty years or more. He was drafted into the 
military service and served in the War of 18 12 until dis- 

Peter Prior. 

Peter Prior was born at Back's Hill, in Sussex county, 
PLngland, in 1831 ; came to this country in 1834, on the brig 
Emma ; was nine weeks crossing the ocean. His father was 
lost overboard on the voyage. Came to Buffalo on the canal, 
and came to Springville in the year 1865. In 1863, enlisted in 
the army, in the One Hundred and Fortjvseventh New York 
volunteers, from Oswego ; afterwards was transferred to the 
Ninety-first regiment ; was in the Army of the Potomac, and 
was in most of the engagements from the Battle of the W^ilder- 
ness to the close of the war; was in Wadsworth division, Fifth 
corps, when he was killed. His occupation is carriage painting. 
In the year 1852, he was married to Mary Ann Meachan, of 
Mansfield, Cattaraugus county, N. Y. 

Their children are: 

Levi, a carriage painter; married to Loretta Pratt in 1879. 

Mary, Emma, Lucy and Jennie. 


H. Evans Potter. 

H. Kvans Potter's <,n-andfather, Ilosca Potter, married Mar- 
cia Latten, and came from Cooperstown, Otsei^o county, N. Y., 
to this town in the Fall of 1816 or '17, and located on lot seven, 
township seven, ran^e seven. He resided here until his death, 
in 1862. 

H. Evans Potter's father, Theodore H. Potter, was born in 
1813 ; he was first married in 1836 to Sarah Stancliff, by whom 
he had two daughters : 

Marcia P. married David P. Hale ; resides in Michigan. 

Harriet married Osero Churchill ; resides in town. 

Mr. Potter was married a second time in 1843 to Naomi Can- 
field, by whom he had four children : 

H. Evans. 

Mary married Lorenzo Vaughan ; reside in town. 

Augusta married Elmer O. Leland. cashier in Springville 

Willie S. died in 1861. 

H. Evans Potter was born in this town in 1844; he has 
always lived in this town with the exception of five years that 
he resided in North Collins. He was married in 1866 to 
Eunice Hale. Their children are : 

Eva M., Willie H.. Beulah N., Lizzie N. and Hugh E. 

James Prior. 

James Prior was born in the Village of Hollington, Sussex 
county, England, in 1826. His father's name was James E. 
l^rior, and his mother's maiden name was Babcock. He came 
to this country in 1834, on the brig Emma ; was nine weeks on 
the ocean to New York ; his father, during the voyage, was 
lost overboard ; his mother being left with a family of nine 
children. They came to Buffalo on the Erie canal, and, owing 
to the death of his father and the circumstances of the family, 
he was immediately put to work— at the age of eight years — 
and was deprived of the privilege of attending school. When 
of proper age, he learned the trade of carriage and sign paint- 
ing. He came to Springville in 1849, ^"<^ worked at his trade 
until 1861 ; in that year, he formed a co-partnership with 
Philip Herbold, and since that time the firm has been engaged 


in the manufacture and sale of household furniture, and have 
also carried on the business of undertakers. In 1874, they en- 
larged their business, and have manufactured and sold doors, 
sash, blinds, flooring, etc., and have also been engaged to some 
extent as builders. 

In 1848, he was married to Elizabeth Bath, who was born in 
London, England. Their children are : 

Frank H., who married Helen Wadsworth, lives in Spring- 

Thomas B. married Mary Stanbro ; carriage and sign painter, 


Thomas Pierce. 

The ancestors of our family came from England in 1634 and 
settled in Massachusetts. My father came to this state in 
1793 and settled in Fairfield, Herkimer county, in. 1807 ; he 
removed to Frankfort a short distance east of Utica, where he 
lived with his family of eight children until they became separ- 
ated b}' marriage. I was born in the year 1800, and in 1829 
married the daughter of Jacob Weber, late of Ashford. In 
1837 we removed to a farm that I had purchased in Ashford, 
where we lived nearh^ thirty years. My father and mother and 
oldest sister, myself and wife and two daughters, became mem- 
bers of the Baptist church in this village, where those of us still 
living now retain our membership. My father died in Ash- 
ford, in 1850; m}' mother in 1842. In April, 1865, I buried 
my first wife in Ashford and in October, 1866, removed to 
Springville and married Miss Maryette Scoby of this place. 
My oldest daughter married B. A. Lowe, and resides in Spring- 
ville. My second daughter, Ann H. Pierce, lives at home. She 
is an artist and her place of business is on the south-west corner 
of Main and Buffalo streets. My son Weber T., resides in Min- 
nehaha county, Dakota Territory, near the village of Sioux 
Falls, where he purchased a homestead of 160 acres. My old- 
est brother, Chauncex', died in Ashford, in 1842 ; my youngest, 
(jifford, resided in this town a number of years; he married, and 
buried two wives in this town ; he married a third time and 
remoN'ed to Kansas, where he died two \-ears ago. He left a 
d.iughter, Helen A., who lives in East Pike, Wyoming county. 

iu(.)(;rai'Iii(Ai. sketciiks. 429^ 

Joliii Prill. 

lohn Prill was born in Schcrber, New Stcrlits, Mcchlcnbcrf,^, 
Germany, in US26 and worked at farniin;^ in the old country. 
He embarked at Hamburi,di, May i, 1850, and came on a sail- 
vessel ; was seven weeks crossinL( to New York : went to East 
Otto, CattarauL,ais ccninty, and staid two years ; came to Concord 
and settled near Morton's Corners, in 1852, and lived there 
twenty N'ears. He bought a small farm, improved it, and added 
to it until he had 225 acres. 

He sold his farm and cows to Emery D. Albro in 1872, for 
$1 1, OCX), and came to Springville to live. In 1875, he purchased 
the farm lying one and one-half miles east of Springville, on 
which he has since resided. 

He was married in 1859, to Miss Mary Tardell. in Hamburg, 
Erie county. She was born in Germany in 1832, and came from 
near the same place in the old country, that he did. Their 
children were : 

John, who died in 1852. an infant. 

Mary, who died in 1867, aged twelve \ears. 



Meina, died in 1863. an infant. 

Albert G. 

Lena, married Horace Van Slyke ; the}' have three children. 

Emma, married George H. Kuchner; they live in Port Alle- 
gan}- ; the}' ha\e one child. 

The Pike Family. 

Isaiah Pike was one of Concord's ver}- earliest pioneers. He 
was born at Plymouth. N. H., Aug. 12, 1786. His father's 
name was Uriah D. Pike, who came from England ; was a rev- 
olutionar}' soldier, enlisting when sixteen }'ears of age. In 
18 10, Mr. Pike walked all the way from his native place, with 
knap-sack on his back, to this town and located lands on lot 
twenty-two, range seven, township seven. Here he encoun- 
tered those privations and incidents which only the pioneers 
of a forest country experience. He was an active ]Darticipant 
in that part of the war of 1812 which wasenacted in the vicinit}- 
of Buffalo and the Niairara frontier. He was Ser<>:eant. In 


1816 he returned to New Hampshire, married Charlotte Hickok, 
and came back to his land, upon which he always resided up to 
his death, in 1866. He kept hotel at the Pike homestead from 
1821 to 1837. Their children were : 

Almira, who died in 1843; Uriah D., Albert, Sofina, Cyrene, 
Isaiah N. 

Cyrene married Loran Vanderlip ; the}' now reside at Cedar 
Falls, Iowa. 

Isaiah N., married Isabclle Ross ; they now reside at Evans- 
\-ille, Wisconsin. 

Uriah D. Pike. 

Uriah D. Pike was born Aug. 25, 1821, upon the farm which 
his father took up in 18 10, and upon which he has ever since 
resided. He was married in 1846 to Julia Chase, who died in 
1869. Their children are: 

Charles, Isaiah and Ida. 

Charles was married in 1873 to Cornelia Doty. 

Ida is a graduate of the Buffalo State Normal School and 
was married in 1880 to Dr. E. A. Vaughan. 

Mr. Pike was re-married in 1872 to Caroline Trevitt. Mr. 
Pike is a farmer and in his chosen calling has been very suc- 

Mrs. Joshua Pike. 

Whose maiden name was Esther Sharp, was born in Rutland 
county, Vt., in the year 1799, and came with her father's family 
to Wyoming county, N. Y., in the year 18 12. In 18 16, she 
was married to Joshua Pike, came to Concord and settled on 
the farm now owned by John Ballou. Mrs. Pike was the 
mother of thirteen children, of whom there are but five liv- 
ing. Her life has been a checkered one and if duly written 
would fill a volume, gifted by nature, with a strong consti- 
tution, she has far outlived the alloted span, yet posses- 
sing a happy disposition and remarkable powers of memory, 
she belongs to the past and \'et lives to enjo)- the present. 
Hardly any incident of note has transpired ciuring the past 
three-fourths of a century, but what she has some knowledge 
of it, and upon local affairs she can recite incidents that belong 
to another age, that there are but few who li\'e to remember. 


Mrs. Pike tells of the first burial in the woods at Morton's 
Corners. It was that of a youn<^ man that committed suicide. 
His name for certain, was never ascertained, but it was sup- 
posed to be White, and the son of a widow. This was some 
time in May, 1822, for Mr. Richardson said the trees were in 
full leaf. He came to Mr. Battle's and put up a few days. 
There was nothing in his demeanor that would create any sus- 
picion that he contemplated such a rash act. A day or so be- 
fore he left here he made a trade with Battles, and became the 
owner of a pocket knife, with which he scv^ered the veins of his 
arms. This was done on the trail between this place and 
Springville. There was no road then, only a bridle path and 
he just stepped from the trail, and when found b\' Roswell 
Olcott, he was bleeding profusely. He was discovered sitting 
upon a log near where the steam saw mill of Watkin & Gay- 
lord now is. Mr. Olcott aroused the settlement and he was 
brought back to Battles' tavern and medical aid called, but the 
flow of blood had been so great that he died of prostration. 
He would not reveal anything of his history. A plain pine 
cofifin was constructed by Caleb Knight. There were no under- 
takers then, and even if there had been, it would have been 
hard work for them to have reached here. The settlers gath- 
ered and bore him through the woods up to the grave yard, 
though it was not thought of as a church yard then. They 
buried him at the foot of the great maple, which then was but 
a sapling, not as large as a person's thigh. The)' thought if 
his friends should be found, this tree would mark his grave. 

The next the settlers were called upon to carr)' there was 
Uncle Battles, mine host of the inn. The\- made his grave by 
the side of the other, and they have kept on carr}'ing them 
there until there is left out of that pioneer band only m\^self 
and Uncle Luke Simmons, and it w ill not be long before you 
will have to take us there. 

Now I have to recite the darkest day of my life's history, for 
it did appear as though the sun had been blotted out to me for- 
ever. That morning I had been called upon to go a few miles 
and visit the sick. My husband and three of the boys, Oliver, 
Marsden and Franklin, were to engage that day in getting out 
rails, and they had engaged the services of John Millis to assist 


them with his team. This was on the 23d day of January, 1845. 
It was a clear bright day, with just snow enough to make sleigh- 
ing good. Oliver and Marsden were splitting and Franklin and 
his father were piling and also aiding Mr. Millis in loading to 
haul out to the road. They were at work on lot eighty-three, 
now owned by T. J. Kerr ; just how it happened it was so long 
ago, it is hard for me to remember now. I know that a great 
many supposed that Oliver glanced his axe, but this was not 
so. The boys had quartered the cut, and Oliver, who was intent 
upon his work, was cutting away the slivers ; his father had 
taken an axe to cut a small sapling that stood in the way near 
where Oliver was engaged, with his back towards Oliver, as he 
struck low on the sapling, he threw his hips back just in time 
to receive the fatal blow of Oliver's descending ax, in his left hip. 

The wound was not large, but it was nevertheless fatal, for 
it had severed the main artery. As he received the blow he 
remarked to Oliver, " Look and see, I believe you have cut 
me." Oliver, unconscious of what he had done, replied, " I 
guess not." Mr. Pike was a man very easily affected at the 
sight of blood, and he spoke up quickly and told the boys to 
throw snow in his face as he was very faint. My boys hurriedly 
laid him down and tried every means to staunch the blood ; 
they put snow upon it, and then Oliver and Marsden pressed 
the wound together with their hands, but the blood shot up 
in a jet clear over their shoulders ; every means they tried were 
fruitless. Mr. Pike made the remark, " Boys, now do not be 
frightened, when I tell you this is my death blow." 

By this time Mr. Millis had come for another load of rails, 
and he was tenderly placed upon the sleigh and carefully 
driven to the house. In the mean time a messenger had been 
dispatched for Dr. Bruce, who arrived in due time and began 
to sew up the wound, two or three stitches had been taken 
when he fainted and was gone — yes, dead. I did not get home 
in time to see him alive. He who had left me that morning 
so full of life and hope would never speak again, and I full)' 
realized that my heart was widowed. Since then the shadows 
of death have crept thick and fast into my famih' of stalwart 
sons and daughters. There were thirteen of them, and I spun 
and wove and cared for them all once. 

15I()(;RAI'I1I( Al. SKETCHES. 433 

Five are left now, eiglit having passed away. Jane went 
first, then Marsden ; Irving I gave to my country, and he sleeps 
where Southern vines creep o'er his grave. Oliver died in Illi- 
nois ; the rest of them near me here, and they lie buried up 
here. Yes, death is very cold and desolating. At times the 
past conies back to me as though it were but yesterday. I 
know it was the night that the Morton boys opened their new 
house by giving a grand ball. For weeks had the event been 
talked up and the young came from far and near, and I sup- 
pose it was a grand affair for that time. But for me, \\hat a 
night ; how I looked ahead into the great black future and my 
heart cried out in the bitterness of its agony. How the tink- 
ling of those old-fashioned sleigh-bells smote my heart as the 
merry-makers went dashing by. I would not have anyone infer 
that I was neglected in my sorrow. Mr. Morton's people were 
more than kind, and they would have been glad to have post- 
poned their ball if they could. All my neighbors and friends 
stood by me then and tried to lighten my burden. 

Harrison Piiigry. 

Harrison Pingry was born in the Town of Sardinia, June 5, 

1840. His father's name is William Pingry, and his mother's 
maiden name was Mary Ann Wilder. He lived in Sardinia 
until 1866, when he purchased what has long been known as 
the Henman farm, on lot four, township six, range six, in this 
town, on which he has resided ever since. This farm was 
selected by Asa Gary, in 1809, who occupied it one season, and 
then traded for land in Boston, with Calvin Doolittle. Gov- 
ernor Smith occupied it in 1810; then it was owned and occu- 
pied by James Henman for many years. 

Harrison Pingry was married, in May, 1863, to Josephine E. 
Wells, daughter of Asa Wells ; she was born in this town in 

1841. Their children were: 
Glara J., Mary E. 

William Wells, who died in infancy. 
H. Lee. 

Nicholas Peters. 
Nicholas Peters was born Nov. 29, 1882, in Luxemburg, 
Germany; came to Concord in 1875 ■ '^ '^ farmer by occupa- 


tion ; was married in 1867 to Mary Zihen, who was born in 
Prussia. His father's name was John Peters ; his mother's 
maiden name was Margaret Oberlinkels. Nicholas Peters was 
in the Luxemburg army from nineteen years old until he was 
twenty-seven years of age ; previous to settling where he now 
lives, he lived near Collins Center about nine years. 
Has one child, Nicholas, born June, 1867. 

Frank Prior. 

Mr. Prior was born Jan. 31, 1850, in Springville, N. Y., of 
which village he has always been a resident and where Jan. i, 
1874, in company with Richard Holland, he engaged in the 
drug business. After an interval of three years, he purchased 
Mr. Holland's interest and still continues the business. He 
married Helen Wadsworth. 

They have three children: Benjamin, John and Elizabeth, 

Isaac Palmer. 

Isaac Palmer was born in the year 1800. His father moved 
from Vermont to this town in 1 817. A few years after, Isaac 
was married to Lucy Palmer, of Gowanda. They had five chil- 
dren : 

Helen married Joseph Tice and moved to Wyoming county; 
after his death, she married Henry Thyng. 

Hiram married Jane Mayo, and lives in Springville. 

Harriet died young. 

Henry married Eugena Briggs ; after her death, he married 
Evaline Mayo ; she died, and he married his present wife, 
Clemantine Hurd. 

Marion married Jeremy Smith. 

For a number of years, Mr. Palmer held the office of Town 
Collector, and was also Assessor, and was Captain of the Spring- 
ville Rifle company for many years. He died Dec. 2, 1869, 
respected by all. 

Daniel Persons. 

Daniel Persons was an carh' settler in this town and lived on 
the Genesee road, lot twent}'-seven, township seven, range seven, 
for a great man)' years and here cleared up a good-sized farm. 


After he ^ot to be an old man he sold the farm and moved to 
Nichols Corners, bought a lot and lived there until his death. 
He was a great many years Deacon in the Baptist church 
of Springville. He died Aug. 28, 1877, aged eighty-seven years, 
and his wife died Feb. 5, 1874, aged eighty years and ten 
months. They had two children : 

Truman, lives in Golden. 

Mary E., died when a young woman. 

AVilliaiii Speiioer Perigo. 

Mr. Perigo's father, Lyman Perigo, was by occupation a 
tanner, currier and shoe-maker, and served as a soldier in the 
war of 1 8 12. He was born in Rutland county, Vermont, Oct. 
I, 1792. He was married about 18 18, in Vermont, to Susan 
Jones, who was born Feb. 3, 1798, in Rutland county, Vermont. 
They had three sons and three daughters, all born in Vermont, 
viz : 

Susan A., born 1820; married P'rancis White ; reside in 

Martin A., born 1823 ; died in Iowa. 

Mary V., born 1827 ; married John Ballou ; reside in Concord. 

Alvira E., born 1830; married Abram Naudau. 

William Spencer, born 1833 • unmarried ; resides in Concord. 

Samuel W., born 1836; died Dec. 27, 1837. 

The family removed to Springville, N. Y., about 1850, 
where the father, Lyman Perigo, lived until his death, April 12, 
1880; his wife having died July 3, 1877. 

James Quinii. 

James Quinn came to Concord from Vermont in 1848. He 
was born in the County of Antrim, Ireland, Aug. 18, 1832. His 
father's name was James Quinn, his mother's maiden name was 
Sarah Butler. He was married in 1861, to Miss Charlotte Pal- 
mer, who died Nov. 15, 1872, after which he married Mrs. Lydia 
Perkins, April 8, 1880. He is a farmer and lives on his farm 
one mile south-easterly from Morton's corners. His father died 
nine days after their arri\-al in America. His mother lived to 
eighty-four years of age and died in Wisconsin Nov. 28, 1881. 


Life of Jereniiali Richardsou. 

Jeremiah Richardson was born at New Port, N. H., Dec. 30, 
1796. Here was his home until his fifteenth year, when, upon 
the death of his father, he was sent to Hve with his grandfather 
at Milford, Mass. The summers were devoted to the labors 
on the farm and the winters to attending school. Mr. Rich- 
ardson remained here until his seventeenth birth-da}', when he 
went to the town of Hubbardton, Rutland county, Vermont, 
where lived an uncle. This was in 181 3, and the country was 
much disturbed over the prospect of a long and bloody con- 
flict with the mother country. Mr. Richardson says when he 
left the protecting care of his ancestors he left with the deter 
mination of being the architect of his own fortune. The most 
of young men at this age knowing that they were free agents, 
would have been allured by the enchantments of pleasure to 
have marked out a far different course of life, but his ambition 
was to be independent, and his ambition was laudable, for in 
after years it enabled him to build up every cause that was to 
better the condition of men. Mr. Richardson says that he had 
decided to follow the business of farming, and that the Hol- 
land Purchase with its cheap lands and easy terms of payment 
attracted his attention, and he left Massachusetts with the 
intention, after his visit in Vermont, to go directly to Batavia, 
the headquarters of the compan)'. Through the entreaties of 
his friends there and the war-like aspect along the border, he 
consented to remain two years. The first year he found a 
home with his uncle, assisting him on the farm, and the next 
year he served a neighboring farmer in a similar capacity ; and 
he says, " At the end of my engagement, or when the Septem- 
ber sun was ripening off the corn, I tied up my scanty ward- 
robe in a pocket-handkerchief and set out on foot and alone to 
accomplish a journey of three hundred miles. I was fourteen 
days on the way, and every foot of it I had walked. At Bata- 
via I could have secured land, but I found one great objection, 
in almost every house I found a victim of the ague. Much of 
the land in the immediate vicinity of the village was under cul- 
tivation, and the crops far superior to anything I had ever seen 
before, but the fever sickened me of that place, and I inquired 
if there was not some part of the company's domain that was 


not afflicted with this scourge. I was told that there was in 
the Cattaraut^us countr\', but it was only fit for Indians and 
wild beasts to lixx- in. l^ut I feared the fe\'cr more than I did 
these, and I went to the company's office, where, for the first 
time, I met Ebenezer Mix. He was then a j'oung man, very 
familiar and genteel in his manners. I made known to him 
my business and asked him to show me a plot of the Cattarau- 
gus region. This was readily done, and I selected one hundred 
acres on the southeast corner of lot ninety-one, and I got a 
contract by paying ten dollars, which was at that time all the 
wealth I possessed. 

I knew that it would not do for me to go out there penniless, 
so I hired out to chop wood a few days for the distillery at 
twenty-five cents per cord. I was something of a chopper, and 
about the middle of October I had saved up a few dollars. I 
bade my new-found friends good-bye and set out to find my 
claim. I came by the way of Buffalo and Boston. I found a 
very good road for footmen until I reached Townsend's mill, 
now Wheeler Hollow. Here I was directed to a trail that led 
me to Colonel Cook's, on lot thirty-three. Mr. Cook had been 
in there some time, for he had improvements, and I helped 
him to harvest some four acres of corn. At Cook's I was 
greeted with a warm welcome, and the friendship we formed 
then and there has been unbroken, and that was nearly or quite 
sixty years. 

A man by the name of Nehemiah Paine had made a begin- 
ning on the corner of lot forty-one ; his log cabin stood near 
the residence of Nelson Nichols. 

The next morning after partaking of my new-found friend's 
hospitality, I, in company with the Colonel, started out to look 
over my claim. We found it very heavily timbered by beech, 
maple and elm, and to most young men the task of redeeming 
these acres to a state of cultivation would have appeared her- 
culean ; but I was young and inured to toil and strong in hope 
and determination. So after assisting Mr. Cook for a few days 
I began work for myself right here where my house stands to- 
day ; this will be sixty-fi\'e years in November ; the first tree I 
cut was right here, and the first log-heap was down b}- the 
barn ; my well was on the lowest place in the orchard ; I had 


only to dig eight or nine feet and I had an abundance of water. 
That Fall I did not chop steady on my place, bi't lent a day 
now and then to neighbor Cook, which he returned with his 
oxen when I had got ready to log off ; I chopped two acres, 
which we put into heaps ready for burning in the Spring. 
During this time I had lodged and boarded in Mr. Cook's fam- 
ily. He, though young, had a wife ; I saw that his house room 
was limited, and thought it might be as well for me to look out 
for another place to pass the winter. 

About the last days of November I went back to Batavia 
and engaged in my old occupation of chopping wooci for the 
distillery at twenty-five cents per cord. I was very steady, and 
though I could not cut so much per day as some, I generally 
made out as well as any who followed chopping. I was there 
about four months, and when we settled up I had over $50 my 
due for my Winter's work. 

About the first of April I again returned to my claim, and 
about the first work I undertook for myself was to put up a house. 
The fall before I had cut logs of a suitable length for this pur- 
pose, and again I sought the aid of Cook's willing hands and 
in three days' time I had a home; humble as it was, only 
twelve feet square, with a bark roof, stick chimney and split 
basswood logs for a floor. I was v^ery happy. About the first 
of May I burned my fallow and planted corn and potatoes. 
This proved to be the ever-remembered cold season, and ni}- 
farming turned out to be barren and profitless. Every month 
during the year had more or less frost in it, and one night in 
July, I think it was the 13th, ice formed on a sap trough that 
happened to have water in it, full half an inch. To add to my 
other troubles, along about the middle of June I was taken 
down with the ague. To one of less hope, the outlook of my 
beginning would have been very discouraging. I was alone 
and had just begun on land that I knew the best years of m}- 
life would be consumed in making it habitable. I was sick 
with a disease that all told me I must wear out. I began to 
realize that there was a limit to my endurance, and I often 
thought that the fever would wear me out first. Notwith- 
standing I kept about onl)'when the chill was on and did chop 
and girdle over some six acres. The girdling ma}- not be plain 


to all, now 1 (-lid not always when clcarinL^ cut the largest 
trees; I would cut throuijh the bark clear around the big trees 
when in full leaf, this would cause them to die and sometimes 
these trees would remain standing for \'ears. I remember that 
I left a large elm standing just below the upper orchard in the 
swail. This tree was the largest I ever saw, being some seven 
feet in diameter; )-cars after I gave it to John Millis, ^\•ho cut 
it down and by placing smaller timber around it, he burned it 
to ashes and made these into salts. We did not always chop 
up the big trees after they were cut down. We would " nig- 
ger " them ofT with fire brands ; that is, we would take the half 
consumed brands and pile them across the big trees at the 
desired length we wished them, and the torch would be applied. 
In this way we saved a great deal of hard chopping. About 
the middle of August I \'isited Squire Frye, who lived in Zoar, 
while there I suffered a chill, this proved a blessing to me for 
it enlisted the sympathies of Mrs. Frye's feeling heart and was 
the means of my getting free of the. ague. I wish to say here 
that Mrs. Jesse Frye was a noble woman, whose greatest 
pleasure was in giving relief to the sick and sorrowing. She 
induced me to remain all night and in the morning when about 
to leave, I found she had prepared for me a bottle of medicine. 
She took the inner bark of white ash and burned it to ashes, 
this was put into w-hisky and by partaking of this freely I broke 
the ague, though it had left my system in a weak condition. 
The early frosts in September killed my corn and potatoes 
dead. The corn had just reached the state suitable for boiling 
and consequently was unfit for food, and my potatoes were but 
little better. My corn I cut, but it was so green and badly 
frozen that it decayed it a few days. My potatoes were not 
much better and the result of my farming that year might be 
summed up in four bushels of very small potatoes, but like 
Crusoe on his lone island, " I had extended my domain and 
taken more in m\' enclosure." Two acres were ready for the 
next }'ear's crop and six more could very easily be added b}' a 
little logging and burning, part of this I accomplished that fall 
and after taking care of m}' potatoes, I set out again for Batavia 
where I found a place with the same man I had served the 
previous Winter. I engaged to chop for twelve dollars per 


month, hardly had a week passed before I was compelled to 
give up. The fever had just about used me up ; I knew I must 
make some arrangements to get through the Winter. I made 
a proposition that I would remain until Spring, do what I 
could and I would leave it all to him in regard to remunera- 
tion. This he readily assented to. About the house I did 
chores, took care of the stock, and, in fact, I made myself very 
useful ; when I came to settle, he reckoned up my time and 
paid me twelve dollars per month in full. This was far better 
than I had anticipated, and it enabled me to pay up my 
interest, and left me a small sum to begin my Spring's work with. 

That Spring Uncle Battles took up one hundred acres on lot 
eighty-two. He was a soldier of the Revolution, and a few 
years before he died he obtained a pension. He had a family 
of boys and girls. Battles put up quite an imposing log house 
where he entertained travelers. His house stood a little to the 
w^est of the present house built by the Morton brothers. 

That Spring I cast my first vote. The town meeting was 
held at Townsend's, on the hill. I think Barrett was up for 
Supervisor, Gen. Knox for Commissioner. This made me 
fully realize that I had commenced the years of responsibility, 
and that I not only owed allegiance to my Country, but also to 
a higher power whose protecting care had watched over me, in 
my lonely cabin home. I began to read my Bible, and I verily 
believe if it had not been for the promises, I should have given 
up and gone back East. " If a man love me, he will keep my 
word ; and my Father will love, and he will come unto him, 
and make our abode with him." I began to realize that I was 
not alone in the deepest of solitude, and I felt- that I was in 
company with the Greatest of Beings. 

All kinds of provisions that Spring, were ver}' scarce and 
dear. Corn that would actually grow was worth one dollar per 
peck. I planted six acres and used just a bushel. I had to 
get through the Summer with some thirty pounds of meal, 
twenty-two pounds of pork, and a small quantity of small pota- 
toes, that I must eke out until the new crop got large enough 
to use. I counted up the number of days and then I counted 
my potatoes and knew how much meal and pork I could use to 
make my scanty store last. But after all m}- caution. I fell 


short some two weeks ; during that time I had to subsist on 
bassvvood and e\m leaves, and by scraping off the inner bark of 
these trees. I actually suffered from the pangs of hunger. 
That year, though the season was late, the crops were good and 
I soon had an abundance with plenty to spare. Feelings of 
great thankfulness took possession of me. 

In August, Elder Folsom held a series of meetings in Bos- 
ton. It was a good wa}' to walk but I attended and became 
converted to the truths of Christianity. Since then I have 
always done what was in my power to do, to build up the 
cause. More than sixty years ago, I thought of a church and 
parsonage here, and I have lived to see it done. 

That year after securing my crops, I turned my attention to 
digging sap troughs, and when the sugar time came I had over 
five hundred of these ready to set. The season proved a good 
one and I began earl)', I think I tapped a few trees about the 
middle of Februar)% and made about forty pounds of sugar. 
This I put into a bag and threw aci'oss my shoulder, and with 
my dinner box in one hand, I walked to Buffalo the same da}', 
sold my sugar for five dollars cash, and the next day I walked 
home again. All I was out for expenses \\'as a shilling, for 
lodging, at the old Eagle Tavern. This inspired me with 
confidence in the profits of maple sugar, and I have since set 
as high as 2,800 buckets in one season. These buckets were 
the work of my own hands and were made during the Winter 
months. When I began Sugar making, I used five-pail kettles 
for boiling ; over fifty years ago I conceived the idea of evap- 
orating in sheet-iron pans, and myself and brother Elijah, con- 
structed the first one. Had I obtained a patent upon this it 
would have been very profitable, for since then they have 
come into general use ; but I did not think of making money 
in any other way only by work. I have been thinking of my 
life of sugaring, and 1 have been reckoning up. I have made 
nearly, or quite one hundred tons of sugar, and upon an aver- 
age I have received ten cents per pound. This would amount 
to S-0,ooo, and I think I am safe in saying that the profits of 
this industry have been as good as any that I have undertaken 
and I have made it a rule never to destro\' a maple tree, unless 
it grew directly in my path. The bo}'s that used to work for 


me in the bush, used to think me severe because I would not 
allow them to cut maple hand spikes. Those maple hand 
spikes to-day are large trees, and if put to use would make a 
good amount of sugar. Yes my maple orchard was full as 
profitable as my apple orchard, and I devoted a good deal of 
attention to it. 

Mr. Richardson tells me that the Spring and early Summer 
of i8i8, he spent in clearing. He had nearly twenty acres 
ready for cultivation, and that he began to think of visiting the 
East and getting his brothers to come here and settle. After 
talking with Colonel Cook, in relation to this period in Mr. 
Richardson's life — a suspicion that there was another and a 
stronger magnet that induced the young pioneer to take that 
long weary journey, afoot, than kindred ties, and that the hazel 
eyes of the gentle Anna Webster shone brighter and were 
more cheering to the lonely hours of the young pioneer than 
all the stars that shine in the vault of Heaven, for believe me, 
in every life and its history, there has been a woman in it 
sometime; be it so. 

I learn that he went back that June, and I take the " old 
family record," and I found it duly written out in his own bold, 
plain hand, that Jeremiah Richardson was married to Anna 
Webster, Nov. 29, 1818. Not much for one here to weave into 
the warp of his stern, earnest life — the threads of romance ; 
but I knew him so well : knew that he who was oak and rock 
in storm, was in sunshine as gentle and tender as the flowers 
that to-day bloom above his grave. 

The next February I learn that he returned, bringing with 
him Anna and his brother Elijah, who was a blacksmith ; he 
located at Nichols Corners, and if I am informed right, he was 
the first one of his trade here. 

For nearly fourteen years, Anna Webster lived to bless his 
home, when the star-light of his boyhood went out in the dark 
night-clouds of death, Sept. 2, 1832. By this dispensation, 
seven little children were left to his care, viz.: 

Jeremiah T., born Jan. 8, 1821, 

Clarinda, born July 10, 1822. 

Dianah, born July 4, 1824. 

David M., born Jan. 30, 1826. 


Alansoii M., bom Jan. i~, 1S28. 

Ann.i Jane, born Oct. 5, 1830. 

Levi, born Jan. 23, 1832. 

These chiKlren are all now lixinsj,- but Anna Jane, who died 
June 1 1, 1869. 

I learn that for nearh' two \'ear.s he was left alone with these 
children. Then he found another Anna who would take the 
l^lace of the lost one, antl on the third day of February, 1834, 
he was married to Anna Jane Woodward, and she journeyed 
on with him near unto thirty-five )'ears, when she too became 
wear)- of the burden and lay down to rest. When death, the 
friend of the sick and the sorrowing, kissed down her eyelids 
still, May 26, 1868. She had borne him eight children, viz.: 

Mary C, born March 8. 1837. 

Eliza, born June 11, 1838. 

Harvey W., born May 3, 1840. 

Francis, born Aug. 11, 1842. 

Preston C, born May 14, 1844. 

Charles H., born March 11, 1846. 

George, born June 4, 185 1. 

Cornelia A., born Sept. 21, 1856. 

These children are all living but Charles II., who died April 
26, 1876. Previous to her death Mr. Richardson had enter- 
tained thoughts of retiring from the acti\-e duties of his large 

For o\'er fift}- \ears had he been on dut}-, and he felt that 
the evening had come and he sought rest. Half of his real 
estate was divided up among the children of Anna Webster. 
Soon after he sold the remainder, and this will go to the chil- 
dren of Anna Woodward. For four \'ears, the toil-worn jjio- 
neer walked on alone with his two youngest children, but his 
house was not the refuge of former years, and to fill it he 
realized that he needed the love anti care of some good being 
to cheer the latter days of his long and useful life. This being 
he found in the person of Mrs. Selina Webster, to whom he 
was married Nov. 14, ^872. This was a happy union. She 
cared for him as tenderly as a fond mother does for her child, 
and until his last sickness he enjoyed the comforts of a pleas- 
ant and hapj)}- home. 


When he felt that his Hfe was drawing to a close, he called 
his children about him and bade them good-bye, and such was 
his faith that even in the hour and agony of death, he consid- 
ered the pains of his dissolution nothing but the breaking down 
of the partition that stood between his soul and the image of 
his Creator. 

At 5 o'clock P. M., Dec. 4, 1879, ^^- Richardson ceased to 
breathe. On the seventh, his mortal remains were laid away 
in the grave, and very soon all that the world will know of him 
will be gleaned from a perusal of this short sketch. 

Deacon John Russell. 

Deacon John Russell, another of the pioneers of this town, 
first came here but a few weeks after Samuel Cochran, in the 
Fall of 1808. His history during the early settlement of this 
town is so closely connected with the history of Cochran that 
the history of one is to a great extent the history of the other, 
and if written separately would prove but a repetition. But 
there is so much of real worth, of moral greatness and true 
herosim about the life and character of Deacon Russell that he 
deserves more than a passing notice. It is true he was not a 
great man in the worldly acceptation of that term. He was no 
genius, but he was strongly marked as a man of strength. He 
bore in his character and mental and moral physiognomy cre- 
dentials showing that he was appointed by a high power. He 
possessed the power of endurance, and was capable of pursuing 
an undeviating course or line of conduct for years, never yield- 
ing to discouragement, but patiently removing the obstacles 
in the way anci rising superior to all opposition. The number 
of men are very small who have left behind them so straight 
and undeviating a line of conduct, and few men ever lived in 
this town, to whose influence the communit}^ are more indebted 
for their life-work for the good of society. 

Deacon John Russell was born in New Hartford, Litchfield 
county, Conn., Oct. 17, 1779. His father was an insane man 
and consequently John, from early childhood, was compelled to 
toil to the full extent of his ability. He often said he had 
never known what it was to enjoy leisure hours and have time 
for recreation and amusement. The insanit\' of the father 


rendered the family hearth not only a place of dant^er but also 
an undesirable place to rear children. This, to<^ether with the 
poverty of the family, rendered it necessary to commit the 
rearini;" of John to the hands of strangers, and at the at^e of 
eigiit, he was indentured to a farmer till he should attain his 
majority. He was, therefore, virtually fatherless from his 
earliest recollection ; he enjoyed occasional interviews with his 
mother, but of very short duration ; yet, he did not Icavx' the 
man to whom he was indentured till a fortnight after he 
was twenty-one, when, with his pack on his back, he started 
a lonely, yet heroic wayfarer for Oneida county, N. Y., 
where he arrived in the Fall of 1800. Here he remained nearly 
two years, working by the month, and here he was married to 
Miss Merinda Austin, the daughter of the man for whom he 
labored. In 1802, he left Oneida county for Madison county, 
and bought a piece of land, in company with one of his broth- 
ers, near Cazenovia. He remained here, working upon his 
land 'till the Fall of 1808, at which time, in the month of No- 
vember, he removed to this place, where he resided until his 
death. He, therefore, reached the place of his final destination 
a few days after he was thirty years of age and on the month 
he died. 

This place was then an entire wilderness, with but one family 
in the limits of the present town of Concord. A man by the 
name of Stone had made a beginning a year before. John 
Albro had also been here but had left a few days before on 
account of the death of his wife, but returned again the next 
year. Samuel Cochran had been here the month previous, 
taken ujj land, cut and rolled up logs for a shanty, but had gone 
after his family. On his return there were three families to 
spend the winter of 1808 and 1809 together. Two of these 
families only proved permanent citizens. Stone soon after leav- 
ing for new scenes. 

In the Spring af 1809, there were four families in town : Rus- 
sell, Cochran, Stone and Albro, who had married again and re- 
turned to his former place to remain a few years longer, Here 
we have the foundation of our thri\'ing, growing, spreading and 
prosperous community. These men labored for the building 
up of society and both of them have long since gone to their 


rest, leaving not one of the first settlers of this town in our 
midst, and but a fev/ of what may be called the early settlers. 
They are all passingaway like the dew of the morning and soon 
the marble and the sod will tell us that they are all gone. 

The mother of Deacon Russell was a woman of very ardent 
piety and her influence was felt on John, and as soon as there 
were settlers enough to enjo}' the forms of religious meeting, 
he collected them together and read to them sermons and 
engaged in singing, although there were none among them that 
could pray. The first religious impulse given to this commu- 
nit}' was by Russell, although not a christian himself. The 
first man who could be induced to pray was a Unitarian, whose 
name is forgotten. So desirous were these pioneers to enjoy 
religious service that Deacon Russell and wife went to Boston 
on foot to attend a meeting and Russell worked hard to 
gather together all the religious influence in this communit)' 
until 1816, when the Congregational Church was formed and 
he became its first Deacon and realh' its first pastor until his 

Deacon Russell lost his first wife several years before his 
death and was married again. He had but two children: Mrs. 
Deacon Eaton Bensley, the mother of George Eaton and John 
Russell Bensley and Mrs. Joseph Harkins, the mother of Mrs. 
R. W. Tanner and Mrs. Dighton Louck. 

Silas Kiislmiore. 

Silas Rushmore was a highly respected citizen of Concord 
for many years. He married a daughter of Samuel Bradley 
of this place. They had two sons — Chester and Charles. Ches- 
ter lives in Illinois and Charles is dead. Mr. Rushmore resides 
in Illinois and is nearl}- ninety years of age. At m}' request, 
he sent me the follo\\ing statement. (Mr. Rushmore has since 

1. ]\Iy father's family li\'ed in Greene county, N. Y., until I 
was ten or twelve years of age; moved from there to Oneida 
county, near Utica ; lived there until I was of age. 

2. I served in the war of 1812 ; went to Sackett's Harbor; 
was gone from home about six weeks; went to Oswego ; was 
gone but a few da}-s. At that time was li\-ing in Manlius, 
Onondaga county. 


3. Came to Springvillc in the Fall of 18 16. 

4. The families livin<^ in Springville and vicinity when I 
came, according to my recollection, were Rufus Eaton, Benja- 
min Gardner, Daniel Ingals, Varney Ingals (bachelor), David 
Leroy (^the noted violinist), Samuel Cochran, Samuel Burgess, 
Isaac Knox, Frederick Richmond, Truman White, Francis 
White, Moses White (twin brothers), John Albro, Giles Church- 
ill, John Russell, Benjamin Rhodes, Eliakim Rhodes, Julius 
Bement, Phineas Scott and John Williams. 

5. The first saw-mill built by Eaton ; first grist-mill by Ben- 
jamin Gardner. 

6. Gardner's mill was built before I came; so was Eaton's 

7. Eaton's grist-mill built about 1818. 

8. The hotel on Franklin street, fronting the park, built by 
David Stanard about 18 17. 

9. The first woolen factory built by Samuel Bradley about 

10. The first tannery built by Jacob and Silas Rushmore 
about 1 81 7. 

11. Second tannery built by Hoveland & Towsley about 
1823 or 1824. 

12. First distillery built by Frederick Richmond about 1818. 

13. Second distillery built by Silas Rushmore. 

14. First ashery built by Frederick Richmond before I came. 

15. Rufus C. Eaton \\as the first postmaster. 

The first town-meeting that I remember, was held in Collins. 
At that time Concord included Collins, North Collins and Sar- 

A. F. Rust. 

Mr. Rust was born in Bremen, Germany, in 1840. His ances- 
tors followed the sea and were experts at their calling. He 
came to America in 1854, on a sailing vessel which was forty- 
five days in crossing the Atlantic. He came to Yorkshire, 
N. Y., and worked two years for his uncle, Henry Butt, as pay- 
ment for his passage from Germany ; his uncle having paid his 
fare over, which was §42.00. He attended district school sev- 
eral winters and three terms at the Springville Academy, under 
the principalship of David Copeland. 


In 1861 he entered the store of Richmond & Holman, at 
Springville, as clerk. After clerking three years he engaged in 
the livery business with his brother Richard, which they fol- 
lowed until 1870, when, in company with Abraham Dygert, 
the}' bought the old Springville House of Em. Pierce. Rust 
brothers soon bought Mr. Dygert's interest and conducted 
the hotel until 1876, when the subject of this sketch engaged 
in the grocery business at Springville. 

Mr. Rust was married in 1868, to Miss Carrie Moore. They 
have four children living: Lottie, Henry, Altha May and 

George Renter. 

George Renter, son of Adam and Magdela Renter, was born 
in Baden, Germany, Sept. 12, 18 18. He landed in New York 
city July 6, 1854; came to Concord the same year, where he 
located, and now owns and occupies a farm three miles west of 

In July, 1849, ^'"^ married Elizabeth Smith, also a native of 
Baden, Germany. Before emigrating to America Mr. Renter 
served ten years in the German army. The following is the 
family record of his children : 

Lany, born Jan. 15, 1844; married Nicholas Street; died 
Oct. 25, 1874. 

William, born Oct. 18, 1849 ^ married Ellen Baily. 

Frederick, born Nov. 19, 1850; married Lizzie Zimmerman. 

Sophia, born March 17, 1852. 

Lebold, born May 28, 1855. 

Joseph, born June 24, 1859. 

Mary, born Feb. 25, 1S62. 

Louisa, born Nov. 30, 1863. 

John, born Sept. 18, 1869. 

He has two grandchildren living with him : 

Mary Street, born Jan. 6, 1866. 

Lizzie Street, born Nov. 8, 1868. 

John Keed. 

Mr. Reed's paternal grandfather was a sea captain and an 
artist. His father Daniel Reed was born in Connecticut His 


jTiother's niaitlcn name was Prudence Shephard. The}' re- 
moved to the town of Glen, Montgomery county, N. Y., 
where Mr. Reed was born, Oct. 22, 1829. The family came to 
this town about 1S38, where Mr, Reed has resided most of the 
time since. He has been cn<^aged for many years in the boot 
and shoe and leather trade in Sprin^^ville. He was married in 
1849 to Mary Jane Hicks. They have three children : 
Edward T., hla L., John J. 

Nicholas Kassel. 

Nicholas Rassel was born at Brandenburgh, Canton of 
Dikirch, Luxemburg, in 1837 ; came to this country in 1856. 
Embarked at Antwerp and landed at New York. Lived in 
Minnesota two years and in Illinois three years. In the Fall 
of 1 86 1 he enlisted in the arm\- and served over three years and 
was in eighteen different skirmishes and engagements. Was 
at Island No. 10, Shiloh. Tannington, Corinth, Natchez, Mem- 
phis, Cayuga, Jackson, Vicksburg and in the Red River expedi- 
tions. After the close of the war he came to Buffalo, and in 
1869 returned to the old country on a visit. Was in business 
in Buffalo nine years. Came to Springville in the Spring of 
1876. He is a butcher, and keeps a meat market at No. 112 
Main street. He was married to Kate Winter in 1871 ; she 
died in 1872. Was married to his present wife, Susan Hcin, in 
1874. They ha\'e two children : 

Nicholas F., 

Barbara Ann Kate. 

Oeorg'e A. Kii'linioiid. 

George A. Richmond was born in the Town of Sardinia in 
1854. His father's name was (jeorge Richmond ; his mother's 
maiden name was Emily White ; his grandfather's name was 
also George Richmond ; came here from Vermont in 1S07, and 
selected land on the Cattaraugus creek in the southwest corner 
of Sardinia, and in 1 809 moved his famil}- on to it and built a 
log house, as all the settlers at that time were obliged to. and 
commenced keeping ta\'ern and clearing up a farm. In early 
times Richmond's log ta\'ern was wideh' known and was used 
for public gatherings of xarious kinds. In after years (ieorge 


Richmond, the second, kept hotel in a frame building near by, 
and was also extensively and successfull}- engaged in farming, 
and at the time of his death owned over fifteen hundred acres 
of land. 

George A. has been a farmer and also kept hotel in Spring- 
ville. He was married in 1874 to Miss Cecelia Wilgus, of 
Whitestown, N. Y. 

Jacob Kusliinore. 

Jacob Rushmore was a very early settler here. He and his 
brother built a tannery in 18 17 between Elk and Pearl streets 
in Springville. He built and lived in an old yellow house just 
above the present residence of J. P. Myres. He afterward 
built the house where Edwin Wright now lives, and during his 
life-time acquired considerable property. 

He had six children, all of whom are now dead except two. 
who live in San Francisco, Cal. 

He died April 5, 1855, aged sixty-six years. 

His wife died March 13, 1S49, ^gt'd fifty-nine years. 

Emory Sanipsoii. 

Emory Sampson was born at Harvard, Mass., Oct. 31, 1791. 
Here was his home until he had reached the years of manhood. 
Some time in the year 181 3 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Susannah Herrick, who was born at Northumberland, N. H., 
Oct. 16, 1792. From here the young couple went to New 
Hartford, N. Y., where the}' remained about one year, and 
from thence to West Bloomfield, same state. The next we 
learn of the )-oung pioneer he had taken a squatter's claim near 
the village of Batavia ; the low, marshy grounds that sur- 
rouncied the village at that time caused a great deal of sickness, 
mostly of a malarial type, and the young adventurer after suf- 
fering several "shakes" and doing considerable work, left his 
claim and went to the Town of China, Wyoming county. In 
the month of December, 1817, he located one hundred acres 
on lot thirty-six, township seven, range seven, in the town of 
Concord. This was the year after the ever-to-be-remembered 
cold season, and Mr. Sampson, suffered in common with the 
rest of the settlers ; he was a cooper by trade, but as there was 

lilOCkAIMIKAI. SKi;i(IIKS. 45 1 

but little dcnuiiul for liis scrxiccs here he souglit for work in 
Buffalo. Airs. Samjjson and her two Httle cliildren would be 
left alone during" the week, but when Saturda\- night came the 
young mechanic would receive his wages, and so strong was 
his love for those who waited for his coming that he would set 
out on foot and alone to make that night journey of nearly 
thirt}' miles, through the woods, and he seldom failed to accom- 
})lish it before sunrise the next morning. He lived in this 
town about thirty years, and cleared up a good-sized farm. In 
1S46, Mr. Sampson sold this place and moved to Wisconsin, 
where he died Sept. 20, 1852. His wife survi\ed him a few 
years and died July 18, 1859. 

Thirteen children were born to them, of whom nine are now 
li\ing. viz.; 

Alar}- Ann, born Feb. 11, 1814. 

William A., born Nov. 7, 181 5. 

Perrin, born Dec. 15, 181 8. 

Sarah M., born April 28, 1820. 

John G., born Oct. 28, 1821. 

Nancy S., born Oct. 15, 1825. 

Henry W., born Sept. 25, 1827. 

Aseneth S., born March 4, 1830. 

Asa E., born Dec. 4, 1831. 

Mr. Sampson held the ofifice of Justice of the Peace and other 
town ofifiQes, and he served as a soldier in the war of 1812-15. 
He also held the ofifice of Captain in the militia. 

Ah'XJiiKlcr Sooby 

Came to the town of Otto, from Herkimer count}', in 1824, and 
found a home with his brother-in-law, Abram Gibbs, father of 
ex-Governor Gibbs, of Oregon. Otto was then but little better 
than a wilderness, and the yc^ung and strong adventurer proved 
of inestimable \'alue to the pioneer in reducing his claim to a 
habitable state. In 1827, he was married to Miss Sarepta Boss. 
This proved to be a very congenial union, and their united 
efforts established one of the happiest homes that ever falls to 
the lot of mortals. A year or so after we find the }-oung couple 
located on the Cattaraugus, in the Town of Ashford. at a place 
known as the " Transit Falls." but since changed to the " Scoby 


Mills." Here he built a saw and grist mill, and, for nearly 
forty years, he very successfully carried on these industries, 
together with that of bridge building. Besides seeing to his 
own concerns, he represented his town for several years on the 
Board of Supervisors, was President of the Cattaraugus county 
Agricultural Society one year, and also served in a like capac- 
ity for the Springville Agricultural Society. He possessed to 
the last an inexhaustable fund of wit and humor that drew 
friends around him, and he also dispensed an open-hearted hos- 
pitality that was inherent to his nature, and made him a favor- 
ite of old and young, and scarcely ever was his home on the 
creek without one or more guests. But hard work and the 
exposure that he constantly endured in and about his mills, 
impaired his health and induced him to sell out on the creek, 
and take up his residence in Springville. Here he continued 
to enjoy the society of his friends and the creature-comforts of 
his happy home, but alas, like all things mortal, a great shadow 
fell across his pathway, and the light and joy and sunshine of 
that home was forever darkened by the death of Mrs. Scoby, 
who had been his faithful companion for nearly half a century. 
Her death occured June 30, 1874. Nine children were the 
fruits of their union, viz : 

Madison C, married Agnes Bensley ; Chicago. 

Maryette, married Thomas Pierce ; Springville. 

Emeline E., married E. Smith ; died 1870. 

Emma Jane, married A. Oyer; died 1865. 

William G., married Francis A. Eddy; Mansfield, Cattar- 
augus county. 

Louisa A., married \V. F. Lincoln ; East Otto, Cattaraugus 

Adaline L., married William H. Warner ; Springville. 

Herbert D., married Sophia A. 'Bensley ; Fort Scott, Kansas. 

Marshall I)., married Addella Thomas ; Springville. 

The death of his wife left him alone, for his children all had 
homes of their own. In view of this he rented his place in 
Springville, and the remainder of his days were passed with 
his younger son, Marshall D., who was then living at San- 
dusky, N. Y. He died June 24, 1880, aged seventy-three 
years and eleven days. 



Pliiiy Smith. 

Fifty-two years the loth day of September, 1883, fliny Smith, 
wife and little son, came to this town on the lumbering old 
stage coach, w Inch ran over Townsend hill. The}' stopped the 
first night in a house where Mrs. Post now lives. Here they 
stopped for a number of years. Mr. Smith came here as a 
dry goods merchant and commenced business where the Meth- 
odist church now stands. A few years afterwards he sold out 
and bought a farm, after which he was part of the time 
engaged in trade and the remainder in farming. Mr. Smith 
was well educated for the times in which he lived, and what- 
ever business or office of trust he undertook, he performed its 
duties faithfully and well. He was for thirty years treasurer of 
the Springville Academy, and was also Justice of the Peace 
eight years. He was a faithful friend to the Academy and did 
all in his power to aid and strengthen it. Mr. Smith was born 
in Orwell, Rutland county, Vt., in 1804, and died in Spring, 
ville Jan. 3, 1878. His wife, Rebecca (Murray) Smith died in 
Springville, 1883. They had three children : 

Orville, the eldest, born in 1828, married Chastine D. Sleeper 
and lives in Springville. 

Emeline, born in 183 1, married William Reed, a hardware 
merchant, of Buffalo. After his death she was married to F. C. 
Hill, of Buffalo, also a hardware merchant. 

Ann, born in 1836, married Charles Vaughn, and lives in 

Albert Steele. 

David Steel, father of the subject of this sketch, was born in 
Concord in 1823 ; he married Julia Hawks, who was born in 
1 83 1 They had five children : 

Solomon, David Jr., Albert, Sarah and Myron. 

Albert was born in Concord in 1847, and married Nina Blake- 
ley in 1874, and is at the present time farming in Concord. 
They have four children : 

Edna, born in 1875. 

Lloyd, born in 1877. 

Irene, born in 1880. 

Julia, born in 1882. 

Mr. Steele's father died in 1867; his mother died in 1875, 


454 BioGRArmcAL sketches. 

Luke Siiiioiuls. 

Of that sturd)' band of heroic pioneers who sixty and sevent}' 
years ago left their New Eni^land homes to come into this then 
almost primeval forest to prepare the way for the harvest field, 
the church spire and the scliool-house, Mr. Simonds is one of 
but few that still survive. 

The son of a Revolutionary soldier, he was born at Worcester, 
Mass., July, 1798. In the Fall of 1820, he, in company with 
his brother Zebedee and John and Masury Giles, came to West 
Concord. The four walked the entire distance from Worcester 
to Concord, averaging about thirty miles each day — each carry- 
ing his worldly effects on hi-^ back. The}' were all young, un- 
married men, and located on lot thirty-four, township seven, 
range seven. On their arrival, they stopped at Lewis Nichols', 
who had settled at Nichols' Corners, while they could build 
them a log shanty ; in this shanty, Luke and his brother 
Zebedee antl John Giles spent the Winter. The following 
Spring, Zebedee built a house on his land and returned to 
Massachusetts and was married. 

Luke built a house on his portion about a year and a half 
after coming. 

The wild animals common to the country were then abun- 
dant. Mr. Simonds .tells of following a panther from early 
dawn one day till darkness prevented his taking aim on his gun, 
when he abandoned the pursuit. He speaks of seeing wolves 
in what is now his front yard. 

Mr. Simonds r.;ives the following information relating to the 
early history of his part of the town : First saw mill, built by 
John and Masury Giles in 1825, near where the Bolender mills 
now are; first grist mill, built by Simeon Holton in 1824; first 
blacksmith .sho]), by Elijah Richardson in 1821 ; brick first 
made by Pliny Wilson in 1820; first black .salts made by Luke 
Simonds. who also made boots and shoes, and frequently went 
to Buffalo on foot after the leather ; the first school was taught 
by Philip Payne in the Winter of 1820 and '21. The first Sum- 
mer school was taught by Rosamond Sampson. 

As an evidence of the .scarcity and value of certain articles in 
a new country might be inentioned a caldron kettle, in the 
posse.ssion of Mrs. Simonds, which was brought from Albany all 


the way on a wagon, and when dcHvcred at Boston Corners 
the total expense was forty dollars. 

Mr. Simonds has always resided upon the same land upon 
which he located in 1820. He was married in 1827, to Bets}' 
Cooper ; has four children living : 

Betsy married Thomas J. Richardson. 

Mary — unmarried. 

Alphine married Jeremiah Louk. 

Albert married Mariah Sloan. 

Mr. Simonds" brother Zebedeedied in Elma, Erie county, N. 
Y., in 1871. 

William Smith, Jr. 

William Smith, Jr., was born in Vermont in January, 1802. 
and came to this town in the Spring of 18 10. He attended 
school that Summer to Miss Annie Richmond. He lived with 
his father until he was of age and chopped for him and others 
in company with his brother Calvin, and was considered one of 
the best choppers in the country. After he became of age, 
he taught several terms of school. In 1828, he built a store 
where the First National bank now stands, and started the 
first regular grocery store in Springville, which he ran for a 
short time and then sold out. He located on the south part of 
lot forty-five, township seven, range six, on Sharp street. He 
commenced with sixt}'-five acres of wild land, but kept adding 
on from time to time, till he had a farm of two hundred acres 
which he afterwards sold to Seth W. Godard ; he then bought 
a farm south of and joining the village, lately owned by Allen 
Goodemote, which he soon after traded to William P. Mills 
for his farm on Townsend Hill, consisting of all of lot three 
and part of lot four, where Frank Williams now lives. Here he 
died in March, 1870, at the age of sixty-eight. 

He was a very industrious, hard-working man, and acquired 
a good property. He once received a premium at a town fair 
as the best farmer in the town. He reared a large family of 
children. Those of his wife Emeline (Godard) Smith were : 

Laban W., born March 8, 1835. 

Abel W., born Februar\-. 1837; died Feb. 16, 1844. 

Jane, born June 3, 1833 : married Chester C. Pingry. 


I'.KXikAI'Ilir.M, SKKICUKS. 457 

Emogcnc, born March 22. i(S42: married A. L.-,Vau_L,^han. 
and lives in Springvillc. 

Wesley, born Sept. 30, 1S45 ; lives in Wisconsin. 

Those of his wife Cinderrella (Briggs) Smith are : 

Alphonse, born May 14, 1847. 

Angerona, born Sept. 12, i<S48. 

Charles E., born ]^\'b. 4, 1S50. 

Loraine, born Feb. 14, 1852. 

Lorette, born Aug. 26, 1853. 

Ella, born Nov. 17, 1854. 

Luzerne, born May 26, 1856. 

Mary A., born Oct. 26, 1857. 

Willie D., born May 1 i, i860. 

Lillie O., born March 11, 1863. 

Allen L., born Nov. 12, 1866. 

Luzerne Smith. 

Luzerne Smith, son of W'ilHam Smith, was born in Concord, 
N. Y., Ma}' 26, 1856, where he has resided most of the time. 
His occupation which he has successfully followed for several 
years is that of cheese making. He was married in 1875 to 
Anna Vosburg ; they have three children : 

Lee, born April 2y, 1877. 

Alta A., born in Februar)-, 1880. 

Earl, born April 15, 1881. 

("liarles K. Sinitli. 

Charles E. Smith, son of William Smith, was born Feb. 4. 
1850, in Concord ; married Hannah Fuller. They have one 
son, Charles. Ls a cheese maker and farmer ; is now and has 
been for several seasons making cheese at East Concord. Smith. 

Alphonso Smith was born in the town of Concord, May 14, 
1847, lii-'' father's name was William Smith and his mother's 
maiden name was Cinderrella Briggs. He has worked at farm- 
ing, but for the last dozen years or more he has followed the 
business of cheese making very successfully. He resides at 


the present time in the north part of the town of Concord. He 
was married in the year 1872 to Miss Mary E. Acklcy. Their 
children are: 

Daisey, born July 18, 1874. 

Dell H., born March 7, 1876. 

Glenn A., born June 28. 1878. 

Harlau P. SpaiiUliuji. 

Mr. Spaulding was born at Otto, Cattaraugus county, N. Y., 
Aug. 9th, 1839. His father, Harvej^ Spaulding, was born in 
Middlesbur\% Vermont, in 1804. His mother Clarissa Hastings 
was born at Fort Ann, Washington county, N. Y., in 1805. 
They were married in 1824 and moved to Great Valley, N. Y., 
and to Springville in 1826; afterwards resided at different 
places until 1850, when they took up their permanent residence 
in Springville. 

Harlan P. Spaulding enlisted as a private Sept. 16, 1861, in 
Company A, Forty-fourth Regiment New York State volun- 
teers, and joined the regiment at Albany. The regiment 
joined the Army of the Potomac in October, 1861 ; participated 
in the battles of Antietam, F"redericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Gettysburg, &c. Mr. Spaulding served with the Forty-fourth 
until Oct. 10, 1863, when he was commissioned captain in the 
Seventh Regiment U. S. colored troops, and assigned to Com- 
pany E. He was sent to Florida in the Spring of 1864, and 
returned in August, and was with the Army of the Potomac 
until Lee's surrender. On the 9th of April, 1864, Mr. Spauld 
ing was breveted by the President, Major and Lieutenant-Col- 
onel for gallant and meritorious services. 

After Lee's surrender he was assigned to the command of the 
Post of Matagorda, Texas, with companies E and G, of his regi- 
ment. He remained there until Jan. i, 1866, when the companies 
joined the regiment at Indianola, where he was a})pointed 
U. S. Marshal for the sub-district of Victoria, Texas ; remained 
there until April i, then went to Victoria with companies E 
and G to relieve Colonel Colyer, of the Thirty-eighth Illinois 
regiment ; remained at this poi^t until November, when he 
came North and was mustered out of service at Baltimore. 

I'.iocKAi'iiicAi. ski; 1(1 IKS. 459 

Frank I*. Spaiildin^-. 

I'rank P. Spaukliiii^- was born in S[)rini;villc, N. Y., July I2, 
1834. His father's name was Harvey Spaulding; his mother's 
maiden name was Chirisa Haskins. When nineteen years old 
Mr. S'paulding- went to sea. lie sailed froni New Bedford, 
Mass., June 25, 1853, on board the bark 1^'ranklin No. 2, Cap- 
tain Samuel Lee, Master, of Newport, R. I. Returned to the 
same pnvt July 8, 1857. During;- this whaling- voyage of four 
years in the Pacific ocean, they secured over one thousand bar- 
rels of sperm oil. The first port made on the outward voyage 
was the Azores; doubled Cape Horn P'eb. 20, 1854; made the 
first port in the Pacific ocean at Talcahuano, in Chili ; visited 
Conception, from which city they sailed in March for a cruise off 
the coasts of Peru, California and the Galapagos Islands ; visiting 
the ports of Payta and Tumbez, in Peru. At the latter place Mr. 
Spaulding explored the ruins of one of those ancient cities 
built previous to the discovery of America by Europeans. Off 
the coast of Mexico they encountered a typhoon la.sting twenty- 
four hours, carrying away several of their boats and damagmg 
their ship. The voyage around Cape Horn was unimportant. 

Mr. Spaulding embarked on a second whaling voyage on the 
same vessel and for the same waters, Sept. 29, 1857, John S. 
Howland, Captain. On reaching the La Plata River the vessel 
sprunk a-leak and they put about for Rio Janeiro for repairs; 
remained at that city five weeks ; during this time Mr. Spauld- 
ing saw the Emperor Don Pedro review his troops. Leaving 
Rio Janeiro they doubled Cape Horn in rough weather, stop- 
ping at the Island of Juan Fernandez for sup[)]ies, after which 
they cruised off the co ist of Peru, making the port of Hono- 
lulu in Sept., 1858, where they staid five weeks. During this 
time Mr. Spaulding saw much of the Sandwich Islan.ds and 
their King, Kamahamaha IV. They left Payta, Peru, for 
home in December, i;-6o. Off the coast of Juan Fernandez 
they encountered a gale, damaging their vessel so that they made 
for Valparaiso, where the vessel was condemned and the cargo 
of twelve hundred barrels of oil sent home by another ship. 
Mr. Si)aulding took passage on a steamer for Talcahuano, Chili, 
with the Captain ; from there sailed for liome in the bark 


Franklin No. i. Captain Gifford, Master, arriving at New Bed- 
ford, June 23, 1861. 

During his travels Mr. Spaulding was a shrewd and intelli- 
gent observer, and if space permitted much might be related of 
his observations that would be of interest. 

Mr. Spaulding had been at home but a short time when he 
entered the union army, enlisting Sept. 18, 1861, in Company 
A, 36th Regiment New York State volunteers, which was 
attached to McCIellan's command ; participated in the penin- 
sula campaign, battle of Fair Oaks, the seven days fight to Har- 
rison's Landing, the second battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, 
Chancellorsville, etc. He was mustered out of the service July 
15, 1863, at New York. While on duty in New York he saw 
the attack on the Tribune of^ce and heard Gov. Seymour's 
noted speech to the rioters. 

Mr. Spaulding was married in 1866, to Isabelle L. Robinson. 
They have had six children : 

Lizzie C, Carrie F. (dead), Frank J., Alice M., Elois L., 
Luzerne H. 

AVilbur H. Stanbro. 

Wilbur H. Stanbro, son of Amos Stanbro and Hannah Wil- 
cox Stanbro, was born in Concord, Oct. 15, 1S30. He had 
always been a resident of his native town ; his occupation was 
farming until 1 870, when he removed to Springville and engaged 
for a time in the harness business ; then for a while in the boot 
and shoe trade. At present he is employed in selling nurser}- 
stock. He was elected Assessor of Concord in 1877 and served 
one term. 

Mr. Stanbro was married Dec. 22, 1852, to Harriet L. Cran- 
ston. They have a family of three sons and three daughters, 
viz : 

Mary F., married Thomas Prior. 

Wilbur D. 

Cora C, married Arther R. White. 

Carrie G., Amos Karl and Charles B. 

Fi'ankliu C Slmltes. 

Franklin C. Shultes was born in Concord, N. Y.,Jan. 8, 1844, 
of which town he has alwavs been a resident. He was married 



Jan. I, 1866, to Rebecca Holman. The\- ha\e one son and one 
daughter, viz : 

Franklin \V., born Nov. 20, 1867. 

Cora B., born April 13, 1869. 

Mr. Shultcs was a union soldier, enlisting in August, 1862. in 
the ii6th New York X'olunteers. Company F, was mustered 
out of the service in the spring of 1864. 

Charles C Severance. 

Charles C. Severance was born at Burlington, Vt., Oct. 
17, 1807. His father's name was Consider Severance, who was 
born at Shelbourn Mass., Dec. 21, 1771 ; his mother's maiden 
name was Elizabeth Craig, born at Northampton, Mass., in 
1774 ; his grandfather's name was Matthew Severance, born in 
1735 in Massachusetts; his grandmother's maiden name was 
Experience Nash, born in Massachusetts in 1745. Mr. Sever- 
ance graduated at the University of Vermont in August, 1827; 
studied law at Clinton count}', N. Y., and was admitted as an 
attorne)' in October, 1833, and moved to Springville, N. Y., in 
No\ember, 1833. He was married to Eliza F. Badgely at 
Cortlandville, N. Y., Jan 10, 1842. who died Jan. i, 1843. He 
was married at Spring\ille. N. Y.. Feb. 2 1, 1849, to Selena B. 


Ingals, the daughter of Dr. Varney Ingals, who died Jan. 8. 
1856, leaving two children: 

George Spencer, born Dec. 13, 1850; died June 2, 1864. 

Henry, born Feb. 10, 1852, who lives in Springville. 

He was married again at Chazy, Clinton county, N. Y., to 
Hannah M. Douglass, April 6, 1858, who died June 2, 1859. 

Mr. Severance was a justice of the peace from 1840 to 1847, 
inclusive; also from 1851 to 1859 inclusive; from 1864 to 1867 
and from 1877 to the present time. He was Town Clerk from 
1838 for nine years consecutively, and was Member of Assem- 
bly for the years 1848 and 1851, and was Surrogate of Erie 
county one term. In 1851 he was one of the Assembly com- 
mittee appointed to visit the several state prisons of the state 
and to make a report. He was Supervisor of the Town of Con- 
cord for the years 1846, '47, '48, '49, '50, '66, '68 and 'y^,- He 
has frequently been Trustee of Springville academy, and has 
also frequently been Trustee of the Village of Springville and 
President of the Board of Trustees, which position he occupies 
at the present time. He has always been a free-hearted, liberal 
and public-spirited citizen. 

William Sliultes. 

William Shultes came about the same time as his brothers, 
and located next to David Shultes on lot twenty-one, township 
six, range six. He cleared a farm on this lot and about this 
time was married to Sally Sampson, daughter of Peter Samp- 
son. He, in company with Peter Sampson and Urial Torre)', 
of Boston, started the first mail coach ever run between Spring- 
ville and Buffalo. It was a four-horse Troy coach, carrying the 
mail and passengers ; the mail route at that time being over 
Townscnd hill. He died July 6, 1849, leaving no children. 

Carlton Spooiier. 

Carlton Spooner was born in the Town of Nunda, Li\ing- 
ston county, N. Y., July 28, 1820; came to Concord in 1822 ; 
his occupation a farmer; was married Oct. 7, 1838; his wife's 
name was Phebe Shippy, of Concord; his wife died in 1874; 
was married to Polly Cox in December, 1872, who died Dec. 
18, 1877 ; was married to his present wife, Emeiine .Shultus, in 

bi()(;rai'iiical sketches. 463 

1878. His father's name was Ebcnczcr Spooner ; was born in 
New Bedford, Mass.; his mother's maiden name was Polly 
Newell; was born in the Town of Danb}-. Rutland county, Vt. 
His father mo\ed to Nunda and from there to Concord in 
1822; settled at Nichols Corners, West Concord, about 1828; 
removed to Spooner Hollow, one and one-half miles west of 
Sprini^'ville, and from there to Scoby's Mills, and li\'ed there 
until the time of his death, in April, 1832. 

Ebenezer, son of Carlton Spooner, enlisted in the One Flun- 
dred and Sixteenth regiment when it was formed, served three 
years in the War of the Rebellion, and until discharged; was 
taken prisoner and kept three months ; now lives at Waverly, 
Cattaraugus county, N. Y. W'as promoted to the rank of 
Lieutenant for meritorious conduct while under fire. 

The following is the family record : 

Ebenezei", born Aug. 16, 1839; married Deborah Millington. 

Druzilla. born in 1842; married to Dwight Perkins. 

Phebe .\nn, born in 1844. 

Gilbert, born in 1847; married to Julia Fairchild. 

L. C, born in 1850 ; married to Ella Lord. 

Maria, born in 1854; married to Howard Clark. 

Emma, born in 1856. 

Marilla, born in 1859. 

George B., born in 1863. 

Frauk O. Smith. 

Frank O. Smith was born in the City of Buffalo in 1855; 
came to Springville in 1859, "^^'^^ married in 1874 to Miss Ettie 
¥. Dygert, daughter of Abram D}gert ; his father's name is 
Orville Smith, his mother's maiden name was Chastine D. 
Sleeper ; his grandfather's name was Pliny Smith, his grand- 
mother's maiden name was Rebecca J\Iurra\-. 

He came to reside in Springville in 1859. His grandfather, 
Pliny Smith, was one of the old settlers in Springville, where 
he resided at the time of his death. His wife's father, Abram 
Dygert, was one of the early settlers in Ashford, Cattaraugus 
county, and was one of a large number who emigrated from 
Herkimer county, N. Y. He came to li\e in Spring\'ille, in 
1865. and with occasional temporar}- absence, continued to 


reside here until the time of his death. They have one child, a 

Pliny A. Smith, born at Springville in 1875. 

Joliu Squires. 

John Squires, born March 1st, 1816, in Concord, is a farmer; 
Avas married April, 22, 1838, to Caroline Stowell, who was born 
in Wooster county, Massachusetts, June i, 18 16. His father's 
name was Seely Squires, who came to Concord in 1814. His 
mother's maiden name was Susan Drake. She died March 2, 
1879, aged 83. The children of John and Caroline Squires are: 

Thomas S. Squires, born in Concord, Feb. 27, 1839 - married 
October, 1866, to Paraloxy Cornwell, daughter of Deacon Wil- 
lard Cornwell, and now lives at Mt. Carroll, 111., where he is en- 
gaged in the hardware business. Has one boy about sixteen 
years of age. 

Luthera E., was born Aug. 11, 1840 ; married June 7, 1868 ; 
her husband's name is Cornelius Treat, have one son five years 

Caroline, born March 20, 1842 ; married to the Rev. Sextus 
Smith, July, 1864; lives at Union Mills, La Port county, Ind. 

Bettie E., born March 4, 1844; married August 4, 1864, to 
Hon. C. P. Vedder ; lives at Ellicottville. Had one son, John- 
nie C. Vedder, born Aug. 27, 1867, died Feb. 21, 1882. 

Susan J., born Oct. 29, 1849; married Oct. 20, 1876, to 
Charles McCoy. She died Feb. i, 1879. 

Seely, born May 20, 1855 ; died Jan. 20, 1856. 

George L. Staiibro. 

Mr. Stanbro's grandfather, Prentis Stanbro, Sr., was born in 
R. I.; married in 1 805, to Polly Beebe. He lived at Volling- 
ton, Conn., and Plainfield, N. Y. From the latter place he 
moved to Concord, N. "Y., in 1828, and located on lot 
fifty-one, township seven, range six, where he lived until 
his death. He had a family of eleven children ; Prentis, 
Gardiner, Maria, Lucinda, Russell, Harriet, Angeline, Henry, 
William, Charles and Hannah. The youngest was born 
in Concord, the others in Plainfield, N. Y., except Prentis, 
the eldest — father of Geor<je L. Stanbro — who was born in 


Vollington, Conn., Oct. 31, 1806, came to Concord about 1827, 
and located on lot forty-three, township seven, range six, 
where he lived until he moved to Springville, where he died 
June 14, 1881. He was married to Eliza Ann Churchill. They 
had only one child who lived to mature years. 

George L., who was born April 24, 1833, in Concord, where 
he has always resided. He was married in 1853 to Sarah J. 
Burnap ; they have three children : 

Lucelia M., born Nov. 11, 1856; married in 1878 to Seth S. 

Elmer L., born Dec. 31, i860. 

Harley L., born Jan. 18, 1871. 

Mr. Stanbro has always been engaged in farming, and for 
eight years he has also been engaged in the life insurance 

Stephen E. Spaulding. 

Stephen E. Spaulding, son of Harvey Spaulding, was born 
in Ashford, N. Y., June 15, 1842. He has been a resident of 
Springville since 1850, and where he has followed the pursuit 
of photograph artist since 1867. 

Mr. S. was a soldier in the Rebellion; enlisted Aug. 8, 1862, 
in Co. F., 1 16 N. Y. S. Vol. He was a musician, but his energies 
were not always devoted to furnishing music for his comrades. 
He was often at the front of the line of battle using a weapon, 
or assisting in other ways. He participated in all the battles 
in which his regiment took part ; was discharged June 14, 

Mr. S. was married, 1869, to Ellen S. Green, daughter of 
Ray Green ; they have two sons, 

Albert R.; born Oct. 17, 1870. 

Eugene G.; born Sept. i, 1878. 

C. J. Shuttlewortli. 

Mr. Shuttleworth was born in Orange county, N. Y., in 1834. 
His father, Charles Shuttleworth, was a native of Essex county, 
England. Mr. Shuttleworth removed to Springville with his 
parents when he was eleven years of age. His father was a 
miller and followed his occupation in the mill of Colonel Cook, 


where youn^ Charles learned to be a miller. He worked in the 
mill and attended school in the Academy under the principal- 
ship of Professor Jonathan Earle, until ninteen years of age, 
when he commenced business for himself by renting of Ben- 
jamin Joslyn, the "big mill." He soon bought an interest 
in the mill, and from that time up to 1874, with the exception 
of two or three years, he was sole or part proprietor of the mill. 

In 1861, he entered into partnership with D. C. Bloomfield, 
and built the Springville foundry, which he conducted until 
its destruction by fire in May, 1876. He then erected a 
foundry, machine shop, &c., on what was known as the Cook 
mill site, where he now conducts business. , 

Mr. Shuttleworth is also extensively engaged in building. He 
is also largely employed in mill building. Mr. Shuttleworth 
possesses rare natural mechanical talent, which, combined with 
his great business energy and perseverance, and public spirit, 
makes him an important factor in the growth and development 
of his town. 

Mr. Shuttleworth was married (3ct. 25, J 859, to Eliza H. 
Holland, daughter of George Holland. They have a famih' of 
six children as follows: 

Elizabeth H., born Sept. 25, i860; married June i, 1882. to 
Rev. Samuel W. Eddy. 

Charles R., born Sept. 30, 1863. 

Mabel B., born Sept. I, 1867. 

James E., born May 24, 1872. 

Luther J., born Aug. 1 1, 1865. 

Maleska G., born March 16, 18/O. 

The Shaw Family. 

Samuel Shaw was born in Connecticut, Nov. 21, 1777. Re- 
moved to the City of Utica, N. Y., at an early day; manufac- 
tured the first brick for Nicholas Devereaux store, the first 
brick building erected in Utica ; removed to the Town of Con- 
cord, June, 1816; located one mile south of Springville on a 
farm and lived there the greater part of his subsequent life. 
His wife was Phoebe Rushmore, born in Orange county, N. Y. 
April 19, 1784. Their children were: 

Samuel, born Sept. 29, 1807; now living in Milwaukee, Wis. 

bi()(;rapiii(ai, sketches. 467 

Joseph, born Au<,^ 12, 1810; died Aug. 20, 1846. 
Nathan, born Aug. 25, 1812 ; died about Aug. 10, 1865. 
Sahnon, born April, 15, 18 16. 

Daniel, born June 27, 1818; died in Springville, Aug. 20, 1846. 
Mary E., born Oct. 10, 1820; died in Springville, July 16, 1847. 
Silas, born Oct. 11, 1822; died in Springville, May 19, 1849. 
Emma T., born June 23, 1825 ; now Mrs. Morgan Merritt, 
resides in San Francisco, Cal. 

Samuel Shaw, senior, died in Springville, Feb. 11, 1852. 
Phoebe Shaw, his wife, died in Springville, May 30, 1847. 

Salmon Shaw's Family. 

Salmon Shaw married Julia Ann McMillen, daughter of the 
late Joseph McMillen. They have now two children living: 

Thomas S , and Abbie C. 

Thomas S. Shaw was married Nov. 26, 1879, ^o Miss Ida 
Reed, daughter of John W. Reed, of Springville. Salmon 
Shaw was, for a while, a clerk in the County Clerk's ofifice, of 
this county, and was also a Deputy Sheriff. He was the can- 
didate of the Whig party for Sheriff of this county in 1855, and 
was also the candidate of the Republican party in 1861. He 
was for several years traveling and collecting agent of Pratt & 
Co., the extensive hardware dealers of Buffalo. After that, was 
partner in and manager of a large tannery in Olean. He was 
also at one time engaged in mining at Leadville, Col. 

Georg-e Smead. 

George Smead was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, in 1834. 
Came to this country in 1852; was thirty-four days crossing 
from Antwerp to New York. Came to White's Corners and 
worked one year in a tannery. Came to Springville and learned 
the cooper's trade of I B .Childs and worked for him altogether 
about ten years. Went into the army in 1861 in the 64th 
Regiment New York Volunteers ; was in the second corps of 
the Army of the Potomac ; he was at Fair Oaks, the seven 
days fight, Malvern Hill, the second Bull Run, Antictam, Fred- 
ericksburgh, Chancellorsville, Gettysburgh, the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania Court House and Cold Harbor, where he was 
wounded and lost an arm. He returned home in 1865. Was 


married in the fall of 1867, to Miss Lana Mahl. Their children 
are: George L,, Ada Louisa and Ira M. They live at No. 
1 1 Elk street. 

Whitman Stone. 

Whitman Stone was the first settler on lot sixty-one, town- 
ship seven, range six, where Samuel Twitchell and Owen Baker 
lived afterwards, and where Mr. Snyder lives now. He was a 
carpenter and put up some of the first frame barns built in this 
town. He married Frelove Foster and went to Eden sixty 
years ago. He was somewhat prominent as an ofificer in the 
militia ; he afterwards went to Hanover and Ripley, Chautau- 
qua county, and finally to Kendall county, 111., where he 

His eldest son, Marshall, is the only known survivor. 

Phineas Scott. 

Phineas Scott came to this town from Danby, Vermont, 
about 1 8 16, and first settled on the Cattaraugus Creek, south 
of Springville ; built him a shanty and kept bachelor's hall and 
cleared up some land. Afterwards moved onto what has since 
been called the Post place, on lot eleven, township six, range 
six, and about that time married Polly Smith, of Chautauqua 
county ; lived there about ten years when his wife died, leaving 
four children, viz : 

George W:, who became a merchant in Buffalo, and died in 

Mary Matilda, who died in Minnesota in 1876. 

William J. 

Marcus D., who lives in Chautauqua county. 

About 1830, he married Hannah Smith, sister of his first 
wife and moved to Town