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Full text of "The history of the Peloponnesian War; according to the text of L. Dindorf;"

Ratio ac Vis 



Ex. Ubris H. U. Brandenstein 



THE 



HISTORY 



OF THE 



PELOPONNESIAN WAR, 



BY 



THUCYDIDES; 

n 

ACCORDING TO THE TEXT OF L. DINDORF; 



WITH 

NOTES: 

FOR THE USE OF COLLEGES. 



Kri^/xa CIS del naWcv Ti dyutvicfua eis rd irapaj(^pny,n aKoveiv ^vyKeiroi, 



BY 

JOHN J. OWEN, D. D., 

lonnerly Principal of the Cornelius Institute, and now Professor of the Latin anil Grock 
Languages and Literature in the Free Academy in New -York City 



NEW Y O E K : 
D. APPLETON & CO., 443 & 445 BROADWAY, 

1867. 






£kteeed, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848, by 
JOHN J. OWEN, 
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern 
District of New York. 






• • • » » 

• • • • • 

• a «  « 



» - • •• 
► • • •«* « 

• • • « 



IS 

RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED 

TO 

THE REV. MOSES STUART, 

PROFESSOR OF SACRED LITERATURE IN ANDOVER THEOLOGICAL SEMINAR! 

AS 

A TESTIMONIAL OF AFFECTIONATE REGARD, 

FROM 

HIS FRIEND AND FORMER PUPIL, 

THE EDITOR. 



^MilSl.'?48 



PEEFACE. 



This edition of Thucydides is based on the text of L 
Dindorf's edition, Leipzig, 1824. Indeed, with the single 
exception of punctuation, which has been modified, as will 
be explained in the sequel, there has been no departure 
from Dindorf's text, the readings which seemed to bo pre- 
ferable being referred to in the notes which accompany 
this edition. In preparing the notes, I have made free 
use of 1, Poppo's edition, xi. vols. Leipzig, 1821-1840. 
2, Goeller's, Leipzig, 1836. 3, Haack's, Leipzig, 1820. 4, 
Kruger's, Berhn, 1846. 5, Bothe's, Leipzig, 1848. 6, Di- 
dot's, Paris, 1833. 7, Bekker's, Oxford, 1821, 8, Arnold's, 
Oxford, 1840. 9, Bloomfield's, London, 1842. I have also 
derived much assistance from Betant's Lex. Thucyd. now 
in a course of publication. 

In the use of the editions before nie, I have aimed at 
a conscientious acknowledgment of aU aid received from 
Dthers. If, however, my own mind arrived independently at 
a given result, I did not deem it to be my duty to attribute 
it to others, even though a coincidence might afterwards 
have been found to exist between my own conclusions and 
those of other editors. Nothing has been received on the 
mere assertion of other scholars, however eminent they 
might be. Every difficulty has been subjected to a thorough 



viii PREFACE. 

examination, and the opinions of others have been weighed 
and compared impartially, and honored as their intrinsic 
worth appeared to demand. 

The same plan has been pursued in the preparation of 
the notes, which I adopted in my previous publications, 
and it is hoped that this volume will betray no marks of less 
care and attention; in the selection of words and passages 
requiring comment, or in the kind and degree of assistance 
furnished to the student, than is manifest in those editions. 
To some it may appear at first sight that too much aid 
has been furnished the student. It will be seen upon exa- 
mination, however, that it has not been indiscriminately 
bestowed, but in a way which always leaves much for the 
student himself to do. It will also appear, that I have not 
proceeded on the plan of selecting a few chapters on which 
to give a full commentary, and of leaving the other portions 
comparatively untouched, but have aimed to bestow upon 
every chapter and every section throughout the whole text, 
the amount of illustration which its difficulties seemed to 
require. 

The general observations on the orations and other 
portions of the history, together with the argument affixed 
to each chapter, I hope will be found of great service to 
the student. They have cost much labor, owing to the 
excessive brevity of style which characterizes Thucydides, 
and which renders it extremely difficult to reduce his writ- 
ings to a much shorter compass than he has left them, and 
yet retain the leading ideas. 

In respect to the punctuation of the text it may be re* 
m-arked, that at the instance of several eminent professons 



PREFACE. IX 

a more free use of punctuation-marks has been made than 
s found to have been done in Dindorf 's edition, although 
not to the degree in which they are found in the older edi- 
tions. In revising the punctuation of Dindorf, I have been 
guided mainly by my own sense of the wants of the text, 
although in many instances my views have been modified 
by the usage of other editors. 

The basis of grammatical reference is the grammar of 
E. A. Sophocles (new edition), and Kiihner's School Gram- 
mar published at Andover, 1844. References also have 
been freely made to the grammars of Crosby, Buttmann, 
Matthiae, Rost, Kruger, and Jelf 's Kiihner (Oxford edition, 
1842). 

The map prefixed to this edition, although of necessity 
reduced in size, is an exact reprint of Kiepert's Map of 
Greece at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war. It is 
unnecessary to inform scholars of the high estimation in 
which the maps of this geographer are held throughout the 
civilized world. It would be desirable for each student to 
have in his possession a complete set of Kiepert's maps ; 
but as this cannot be expected, the map accompanying this 
edition will be found to meet all his wants as far as relates 
to Greece in the times of Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, 
etc. For much that pertains to geographical and topogra- 
phical matters, I must acknowledge my indebtedness to 
Col. Leake's " Travels in Northern Greece and the Morea,*' 
and "Topography of Athens," books which Bloomfield justly 
says are indispensable to the student or reader of Thucy- 
dides, and of so masterly a character as fairly to entitle the 
writer to the appellation o^ the first geographer of our age. 



X PREFACE. 

1 take occasion again to return my nanks to tne classi- 
cal professors and teachers, for the favor with which they 
have received my previous publications, and for the friendly 
niterest which they have manifested in the present work. 
As soon as my avocations will permit, I intend, if my life and 
health are spared, to offer them another volume, containing 
the remaining text of Thucydides, brief annotations, and 
copious verbal, historical, and grammatical indices of the 
whole work. Meanwhile I commit to their kind regards 
this volume, with the hope that it will contribute somewhat 
to the cause of classical learning in this country, and serve 
to introduce to more general use the writings of the man, 
to whom by common consent has been given the appella* 

tion PRINCEPS HISTORTCUM 

Cornelius Institute, May Ath, 1848. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND EXPLANATIONS. 



S. stands for Sophocles' Greek Grammar. 


K. 


Kahner's « 


(( 


C. 


Crosby's « 


(( 


Mt 


Matthiae's « 


u 


Butt. « 


Buttmann's " 


M 


Kr. 


KrUger's " 


M 


Vig. 


Viger's Greek Idioms, 


N. 


Note. 




cf. 


compare, consult. 




X. T. A. " 


Ttal TO XotTia = etc., 


&C. 


sc. " 


scilicet. 





ITie references to Kfthner are made to his School Grammar,^ translated 
Dy Messrs. Edwards and Taylor, Andover. Whenever Jelf 's edition of 
Kiihner is referred'to, the name is fully given. The references to Butt- 
mann are made to his Larger Grammar, translated by Dr. Robinson. 



BOYKYJIJOY 

w jpp p p ^ (Jj JJ 2:, 



J. 

I. BOTKTJI/IITZ 'ydO-tjvaiog ^vveyQaxps top noXe^ov rvat 
TW.onovvriaicov y^ai '^\}7]vaio)Vj cog iTZoXtfitjaav ttqos dlXr^lovg, 
aQ^dfisvog evd^vg yicud^iataiitvov xai iXniaag (liyav re eaea&ai y,iu 
cc^ioXoycorarov rav ?TQoyfyevi]fitvcoVj TSHfiaiQOfisvog on dyinat,ovr^i 
tE Jjaav eg aviov dfiqjOTEQOi TzaQaGxsv'^ jy 7rd(Sr} aai to dXXo 'EXX7]n- 
viov oQCJV ^vviazd^Evov TTQog ixazEQOvg, to [isv evOvgj to ds aai 8ta- 
voov(i£vov. 2. y.ivrjGig yaq avti] fisyiGti] dt] toig EXXtjaiv iyt'vsto 
xai fxtQEi tm rcoj' ^UQ^dQOJVy cog de eItzeiv, y.ai Ini TtXEiatov dvdQco- 
ncov. ta ydo ttqo avtav xal to, eti naXaiotEQa Gaqjoog f.iEv evqeiv 
did^Qorov 7iXij\}og ddvvata i]v' in ds t£xii7]Qicov cov ini (^tanQOTaiov 
Gy.onovvTi fioi niatEvaai ^vfj^aivEi ov fieydXa vofii^co yEvt'a\}ai ome 
Tiazct tovg noXE^ovg ovte ig ta dXXa. 

II. fpaivEtat yciQ tj vvv 'EXXdg yaXov^tvrj ov ndXai ^t^aicog 
oixov[itvTj, dXXa fiEzavaatdaEig te ovgcu ta nQoiEqa y.at Qadiatg 
E'^aGTOi ttjv savtcov aTZoXEiTzovtEg ^lal^ofXEvoi vno tivcov dti tiXekj- 
vG)v. 2. tijg yaQ ifinoQiag oi'x ovarjg ovd^ immyvvvtEg adEOjg d) 
h'lXoig OVTE yard y7jr ovte did daXduG^g, vEfA.6fiEvoi te td avrmv 
sxaaroi oaov dno'Ql]v yai TiEQtovaiav '^QrnxaTcov ovy i'j^ovTEg ovds 
ytjv rpviEvovtEg^ ddr^Xov ov onozE tig ijiEXd^oov yai dtEiyiatcov dua 
ovtcov dXXog drpaiQ^aEtai, tlqg tE yaO^ ij^EQCiv dvayxaiov tQocprjg 
navTayov dv TjyoviAEvoi ETTiyQcctEiv, ov yalsTzag dnaviajavTO, ycti 
bi\ avTo ovTE ^syE&Ei tzoXecov layvov ovte tr^ dXXri naoaayEvy. 
3, fidXiara ds tijg ytjg ij aQiatrj dEl tdg [lETa^oXdg tcov oiyrjTOQiav 
Eh/Bi\ n tE vvv QeaaaXia yc:7.ovfiEvi] ya] Boicotia TlEXonovvriaov te 

1 



za TtoXXa nXiiv 'y^Qxadiag rijg re aXl7]g oaa ijv y.QdnaTa. 4. dia 
yag dgsTtjv yT]g at te dwdneig riol fxsi^ovg lyyiyvoixsvai ardasig 
sr&TToiovi', e^ cov iq:\}£(QOvro kui afxa vtzo dXXocpvXojv fiuXXov ine- 
^ovXevovTG. 5. tijv yovp ^ArTrAijv, in tov tm nXtXarov did zo Xe- 
Tzzoyeojv daTaciaazov ovaavy dvd^QcoTioi Sxovv oi avtol dei. 6. xaJ 
TTiiQddsiyf^a rods tov Xoyov ovx iXdiiatov ian did tag [4,ET0iyuag 
ig rd dXXa fzr] 6{iOi(og av^tj&TJvai. Ik ydq trig dXXTjg 'EXXddog oi 
TToXt'jjm ti Grdaei inniTZTOvzEg ttuq 'A&rivaiovg ol dvvatcotazoi mg 
l^ir^aiov ov dvE'/^coQOvv, aai noXiiai yiyvofiEvoi Ev&vg dno naXaiov  
fiEi^co ETi e7Zou]aav nXtjOsi dvx^QaTzmv Tijv ttoXiv' coats aal ig 
'Icoi'i'av vatEQOv (ag ovi Uavjjg ovcrjg Tijg 'AzTutjg dnoiyJag i^s- 
nsfj-ipap. III. dtjXoL 8e uot aai rods tav TzaXaioov dad^ivEiav ov)^ 
ifAtaTa ' 7TQ0 yaQ rwv Tqcoihojv ovdsv qsaivEzai ttqoteqov xoiry EQya- 
aauh'Ti i) 'EXXdg, So'ael d8 fA.oi, ovds rovvoixa rovzo ^vfinaad tico 
tJyerj dXXd zd fisv nno '^EXXrjvog zov /lEvaaXicovog y.al ndvv ovds 
Ehairi inixXt^atg avzr], xazd EOvrj ds dXXa zs nal zo IJEXaayixov 
in) TrXEiazov d(^ iavzmv zriv E7Z03vvixiav naQEy^E6&ai. 2. '^EXXtjvog 
ds nal z^v naidcov avzov iv zy (p&mzidi layvodvzcoVj xat inayoiii- 
voov avzovg eii coqiEXsia ig zdg dXXag TZoXsig, yaif iydazovg fjCiv 
ijdt] ztj 6(A,iXia fxdXXov yaXEia&ai EXXyvag, ov fiirzoi noXXov ys iqo- 
vov iidvvazo Hcu anaaiv iy.ny.rjaai. 3. zEyf-irjoioi 8s f^dXiaza" Ofirj- 
Qog ' TzoXXw ydQ vgzeqov ezi xal zooir-TQcoixoov ysvofXEvog ovSafiov 
70vg ^vfiTzavzag covofiaasvy ovd^ dXXovg t] z(wg fiEz ^A^iXXicagy ix 
z7jg fD&icozi5og, oItzsq y.ai ttq^zoi EXXr^vsg 7]aav, /Javaovg ds iv 
ToTg S7TE61 yal 'Anysiovg xai ^Ay^aiovg dvayaXsi. 4. ov ^ir^v ovds 
^an^aQOvg Eiotjys dice zo ^rjds EXX7]vdg '/zco, cog ifioi doxEi, dvziTzaXop 
tig Ev orofta dnoy.E'AQia&ai. 5. oi 5' ovv cog sxaazoi EXXipeg 
yazd TioXsig ze, oaoi dXXijXcov ^vvisaav xctf ^vfirrarzEg^vcrzEQOv -aXri- 
d^irzEg, ovdsv ttqo z^v Tqcoihcov di* da&Evsiav 'Aai d(iit,iav dXXriXcav 
d&QOOL ETtQa^av. dXXd you zavzr]v zt]v azQazsiav d^aXdaarj fjdt] ttXeico 
•^QCofiEvoi ^vvTpMov. IV. Mivcog ydq naXaizazog cov dyoTj iafZE* 
vavziy.ov ixzjjaazo, yal zljg vvv 'EXXrjviyljg '&aXda67]g im TzXsXazot 
i'AQdzr^as ' yal zcov KvxXddcov vf'jacov 7]q^e ze yai ovAiGzijg TTQOJZog 
Tcov nXtiazcov iyivsjo, KaQag i^sXdffag yal zovg savzov naidctg 
i]ytu6vag iyyazaazijaag. zo zs Xipziyovy cog si'Aog, ya&rjQEi iy, zijg 
'^uXdaaTjg iq^ ocsov ydvvazo, zov zdg TZQoaodovg [xdXXov uvai avzcp 



LIB. I. CAP. V. VI. d 

V. oi yctQ "ElXiipeg to ndXaiy nai rav ^UQ^aQcov ol re iv r J ^neiQcp 
naQa{)ald(j6iOL x«f-0(Jot rrjaovg Ei'/^ov,E7zeidt] i]Q^avjo fxuXXov 
7i8Qaiova&ai fcivaiv Iri uXXriKovg, stquttovto nqog hjozEiaVy ijov- 
Liivcov dvdQcov ov T(av dbvvar(X)rdt(i)Vf y.t'()8ovg lov cqjETtQOv avrcov 
Epsna xai roig da&evtai TQoq)7]g' nal TrgoaTzinzovzeg noXeaiv dzei' 
xioTOig 'Aat aatcc 'Acofxag oiy.oviA8vaig t]Q7Ta^0Vf y.ai tov nXelaiov rov 
§iov EvtEv&Ev BTTOiovvtOy ovK t)(^opt6g TTco ai6xvvi]v tovzov rov tQyOVj 
q)8QOV7og ds ri not do^rjg ^aXkov. 2. drjXovai da roov rs ^tteiqw- 
rav riveg en xal vvv^ oig aoCfiog aalmg rovto dQciv, xai ol naXaiot 
rcov TToiTjraVj rag nvareig tmv yaraTrleovToav navra'fov oiioimg 
EQCorrnvTEg El XriaruL Eiaiv, wg ovte cov Tzvv&dvovjai dTza^iovvrow 
(0 EQyov, olg r ETzifislsg Eii] EidEvai ov>i ovEidi^ovrcov. 3. EX7]iXovro 
da aai Y.oLr tJtzeiqov dXXijXovg. ym} i^eiqi rovds noXXd rtjg 'EXXddog 
rip TTaXaicp rQOTZco vEfiErai tteqi rs AoiiQovg rovg 'Oi^oXag hui Alro}- 
Xovgaai '^xaQvdvag aal rijv ravri] iqnEiQOV. ro rs aidr^Qoq}OQEiad^ai 
rovroig roig rirtEiQ^raig dnh riig naXaiug Xr^arEiag sf^ftEfxtvTjuE. 

VI. Tiada ydg tj 'EXXdg ioidrjooqiOQEi did rag dq)QdxTOvg re oixtJ- 
aeig aal ovy. dcopaXElg naq dXXriXovg iqjodovg, nal ^vvij&tj rtjv diai- 
rav jU£{>' oTiXcov i7ioi^(javTO, ojotieq ol '^aQ^agoi. 2. arifieiov d 
iarl ravTa riqg 'EXXddog hi ovi03 vEixofXEva rSiv nore y.ai eg ndvzag 
ofiofojv diairriiidroiv. 3. ev roTg tiq^toi Se 'AO^rjvaioi rov rs 
oidr^QOv nartd^Evzo yai dpEiftevi] rri diairri eg zo ZQvcfEQOJzegov fXEzt- 
Gzijaav. aal ol ttqeg^vzeqoi avzoig rav svdaiftovav did ro d^godi- 
airov ov noXvg yqovog iTZEidtj yiz^vdg re Xivovg inavaavzo cpoQovv- 
zEg, xai ^Qvamv zezziymv epeqgei 'aqco^vXov dvadovfiepoi zmv bv ri^ 
uEq:aXi] rQi)r6jp. dcp ov y.a\ 'Icopmv rovg TZQsa^vzEQOvg yazu zo ^vy- 
ytreg ejzi tzoXv avzri 7] axevf] yazEaye. 4. fXEZQia 5' av EaOriZi yai 
tg zov vvv ZQ07Z0V TTQazoi Aaxedaijiopioi eiQ^aavzo^ y.ai eg za uXXa 
TTQog zovg noXXovg ol zdfiEi^co iiEy.z7jfiivoi laodiaizoi fxdXiaza xaze- 
Gzricav. 5. eyvf^ipco&tjadv zs tiqmzoi yai eg zo cpavEQov dnodvpzeg 
XiTza iieza rov yvfivdl^sa^ai rjXEixpavzo. zo ds ndXai '/.ai ev rw 
'0Xv[^7ziancp dym'i diat^w^iaza tjovzEg tteqi zd aidoTa ol ddXi]zai 
fjyoapi^opzOj xat ov noXXd ezt] ETTEidtj nLnavTai. hi 8s y.ai iv zoTg 
^aQ^dgoig egziv oig vvv, aal fxdXidza roTg ^Aaiavoig, nvyii'ijg yat 
TidXrjg d&Xa zi&szat, y.ai die^coa^Evoi zovzo dQooGi. 6. jjoXXa ^ 
dv Ha) dXXa zig aTzodsi^eiE zo naXaiov 'EXXr^viHov ofxoiozQona ro^ 



4 eoTKTJizJor ZTrrPAims. 

vvv §aQ^aQi'AO) bimzco^Evov. YII. lav 8s noXsmv ouai fih nmtatn 
(i)Hia&J]aap xcti 7Jdf] TzloifimteQcov ovTcoVy neqiovGiag fxaXXov h'lovoni 
y t^W^"^^"^ ^'^' ctvTQig zoTg alyialoig Tsrisaiv ixri^ovro -aoi rovg 
la&fxovg aTzeXcifi^avor, ifzTzoQiag te trrAa nai zijg Tzgog zovg nQoaoi- 
y.ovg eaaazoL lo'ivog' al ds TzaXaicd dia zijv 7.r^aTEiav snl tzoXv avii- 
G^ovaav ano %^a),daar^g ^aXXov cpyJa&i^aar, aire Iv raig vi'iaoig x«i 
Iv raig TjnEiQOig ' 'icfeQOv yaq oDJikovg zs aal zojv alXoav oaoi ovxEg 
oh ■&aldaaiOi yAtco (pxovv ' y.ai fiS'/Qi Tovds hi dvcpxiafiEvoi elai. 
VIII. aai ov'i fiGGov Xijaial Ijoav oi v^amrai Kagig te oviEg x«< 
Woiri'AEg. ovToi yag dt] zdg TzlEiazag rcov vtjacov wmaav. /.lagrvgiov 
de ' /J/jXov yag 'AaOafgofiEr7]g vtzo 'A&iivaimv iv zcods tm noXt^f) 
nai rmv d^rjaav dvaigE&Eia^v oaai 7jaav imv te&ve(»i(ov iv Ty rrjacoy 
VTieg 7]^iav Kdgsg icfdv^aav, yvcoa&ivzEg ry is cxev^ rcov 07iX(ov ^vr- 
TE&afifiErij nal t^ igoTzcp a> vvv hi '&dn70V6i. 2. 'Aazaazdrtog 
ds Tov Miva ravzvAOv TzXo'ificSzega iysvEzo nag dXXp.ovg' ol yag 
ix T^v v7]6cov y.axovgyoi dviazr^aav vn avzov oze Tieg 'acu zug noX- 
Xdg avzojv 'AaKpxi^e. 3. 'auI ol naga d^dXaaaav dv{^g(onai fiuXXov 
ij8j] triv y.TTJaiv rwv )^grjfidzcov TZOiovfiEvoi ^E^aiozsgov t^xovv ' yal 
rivEg xai tiiyri nEgiE^dXXovzo, cog nXovamzEgoi iavzmv yiyvofievoi. 
iq:i8itevoi yag rav ysgdav oi 7S rjaaovg vTZEfiEvov 'Zf]v zmv xgsKjaovcov 
oovAEiav 01 TE ovvaT03TEgoi TZEgiovaiag 'i'/^ovzEg ngocEnoiovvzo vni]- 
xoovg Tag iXdaoovg noXeig. 4. y.ai iv rovzq) T(p rgoTTCp f^idXXov 
il^ri ovzEg vazegov xgovqt ini Tgoiav iazgdzEvaav. IX. ^Aya^E- 
UV03V TE 'fioi 8oyEi zav TOTE dvvduEi ngovxojv, y.ai ov Toaovzov ToTg 
Twddgsoj ogy.oig yaTEiXr^fjjiEvovg Tovg 'EXhr^g fivrjazijgag dycovy 
zov GzoXov dyEigaf. 2. Xiyovai 8e y.ai ol za 6aq:EaTaTan.E7.onov' 
vildicov fivTJfiri naga tcov ngozegov dEdeyfitvoi TleXond te ngmzov 
nXijd^Ei ygr]fidzcoVj a iiXd^Ev iy. Tljg '^ciag exmv ig dv\}g(6novg dno- 
gf^vg,8i<raf^iv nEginoi^aduEvov ti]v incowiiiav Tijg x^Q^^S in7]Xvz7]v 
ovza oficog cx^Tr nai vazegov ToXg iyyorotg hi fieiXco ^vvEvexO^Tjvatf 
Evgvoxyecog iiev iv tij ^AztiaI^ vtzo 'Hgay.XEidav aTzo&avovTog, 
*ATge(x)g ds fir]zgog ddeXqiov ovzog avrw, yal inizgexpavzog Evgv- 
adicog oz iczgdzeve, Mvy.TJiag te y.ai t7jv dgyi]v yaza to oly.hiov 
'Azgn' Tvyxdveiv ds avzov qevyovTa tov nazega dia tov XgvciTZ- 
nov &dvazov' xa\ ag ovxizi dveytogriGev EvgvaO^evg^ ^ovXoftevojv 
xal Tcof Mvyrfvaimv (foBcp t^v ^ITgay,Xeib(cv nai a^a dvvazof 



LIB. I. CAP. X. 5 

do'AOvvra slvai x«« to TTllj&og re&EQanEV'AOtat r^v MvHT^vaLcov tb 
Hal 06COV EuQv6&Evg jjq'/^s tr^v ^aailEiap 'u^igsa naQaXa^tiv, xa* 
zmv nsQGEidojv 70vg UeXoTZidag [xei^ovg y,araaTrivai. 3. a (.lot 
do'Ati '^yafiafAvoov naQaXa^mv xat vavzix^ rs afxa im nXsov r^p 
dXXojv hxvaag, rt^v GTQateiav ov xaqizi to tzXeTov tj cpo^cp ^vvaya- 
ycoy noiriaaaOaL 4. cpaivETai yaq vavai rs nlEiaraig aviog acpi- 
xofxEvog xal '^Qxdai nQoanaQaaimVy cog OfiriQog zovro dEdtjXconEv, 
El Tcp luavog tE'A^ijQmua.i, aac iv rov CAiqntQQv cifxa zy TraQadodet 
EiQP^'AEv avzbv 

nolll^ai vijaoiGi ytai "AqyE'i navjl dvdaaEiv 
ova dp ovv ryao>v I'^co zmv TZEQioixidoov, avzai bs ovx dv noXkai 
ErriaaVj ^TiEiQcozTjg uv ixQazEij eI f^ij ri xai ravtixov EifEv. 5, eI- 
Y.d'QEiv ^s XQt] x«« tavTrj zy arQatEia ola 7]v zd ttqo avztjg. X. xai 
ozi fiEp Mvxfjvai firAQov ijv, ?/ t'l zi zmv zozs TzoXia^a rvv iirj d'^io- 
XQ^cov doxEL Ehaij ovH dy.Qi^EL dv zig arjiiEictf ^Qoofisvog dmuzoit] 
[zrj yEVEcdai zbv azoXov zoaovzov, oaov ol ze 7T0i7]zai EiQiJHaai xa] 
6 Xoyog aaztx^i. 2. Aay.Edatixovicov ydg eI y noXig iQTjfiood^Eirjj 
XEfcp&EiT^ ds zd ze hgd :<at zr^g nazaanEvtig zd iddq)i], noXXrjv dv 
oliiui dniaziav zijg dvvdfAEcog TZQOEX&ovzog tioXXov yqovov zolg 
ETTEiza TiQog zo aXsog avzav Eivat' y.aizoi TiEXonovvrioov zav tievze 
zdg 8vo fioiQug vtfxovzai, zrjg ze ^v^ndorig rjyovvzai iioi zojv f^co 
^I'l^l-idicov noXXcov ' oficog dE ovze ^vvoiyua&Eiarjg noXscog ovis Isgoig 
nai HazaanEvaig noXvzEXEai XQT]aafiEV}]gy aazd yoj/iag da rcTi naXcum 
zTJg 'EXXddog zQonop oi'Ai(j&Eia7]g, (paivoiz dv vnodEEcyztqa' 'u-ix^rj- 
rai'cov ds zo avzo zovzo Tiad^ovzcov dmXauiav dv zijv 8vva}iiv Eixd- 
^Eodai dno zrig cpavEQug oxpEcog zijg noXEojg y egziv. 3. ovaovv 
aTTiazEiv Eixog, ovds zdg oxpEig zav ttoXecov [.idXXov okotzeiv // zdg 
dwdixEig, rofii^Eiv ds zt]v Gzoazsiav ekeIvtiv fJiEyLGzijv usv yEvsa&ai. zajv 
7TQ0 avzHjg^ XEiTZOfitvriv ds zoJv vvv, zy ' Ofxi'iQOv av ttoii^gei ei zi )^Qr} 
HavzavOa ttiuzeveiv, tjv sixog sni zo [ieiQov fisv 7Z0ir]zt]v ovza HOGfiT]- 
Gai, ofiojg ds cpaivEzai y-ai ovzoig ivbEEazsQa. 4. tzettoujxe ydQ 
yiXiojv y.ai diaKoaioov veojv, zdg {iev Boioazmv Eixoai acu eauzov 
drdQcav, zdg ds 0iXoxz7]zov Tzsvz/iAOvza, di]Xan'j cog s/iiol doxEi, zdg 
f^syiazag y.ai iXapazag ' dXXcov yovv (XEysO^ovg tzeql ev vecov aazctXo- 
ycp ov'A Efiv^a&i]. avzEQtzca ds ozi ijaav yai [A.d/i^oi ndvzsgj ev zaTg 
fJhXoxTfjzov ravai dsdr^Xcoxs. zo^ozag ydq ndvzag ttettou^xe zovq 



b eorKTJiJor ArrrPAO^ui:. 

7SQoax(07zovg. nsQivEcog ds ovy eixog ttoXIovq ^vfXTzXeTv tica root 
^aailmv xai lav fxcihoTa ir Tt).Ei, dXXcog rs >ial fttlXovzag TTtXa- 
yog TiEQaicoGcGd^ai fiata CASvdjv noXsfii'Awv, old' av 7a nkola ^iard 
(pga'Aia tjovzag, uXla zcj naXauo rgono) XijcTixcoTsgov TraQsaxeva' 
Gfitva. 5. TTQog tag fiEyiurag ovv y.a\ lXafl(5Tag va^g zb fitaoji 
UKOTzovvTi ov TToXXoi qjaipovzat ilx^ovTsg, cog drib Tzdaijg T?jg 'EXXd- 
dog aoiv^ TiefATzofiEvoi. XI. a'lziov 6' riv ov^ ^ oXiyav&Qconia to 
Govzov oaov Tj diQijixaria, Trig ydg TQoq)7]g dnoQiay tov ts azgaTbv 
iXaaooa rjyayov y.a\ ouov tJXtzi^ov avToO^ev aoXefiovvTa ^lozevaeiVf 
eTZEidTj TS dq]iy>6fXEvoi f^dxy EHQarriaav, dljXov ds' to ydg tQVfia tqj 
GTQaTOTZc'dq) ov'A dv ETEipaavTOf (faivovTai 5' ov8^ IvTav&a Tidari Ty 
dvrdfiEi yQ}jadfXEvoi, dXXd fzgbg ysmgyiav zrjg XeQaov^aov TganofiE' 
vol y,ai XijaTSiav Tijg TQOcpTJg UMogin. rj aal fA.dXXov ol ^TgmEg 
avT&v diEanagnEvcov to. dixa ht] dvzeT^ov ^la, ToTg «£?. vTZoXEiTiOfii- 
voig dvTinaXoi ovisg. 2. TtEgiovaiav d^s eI ^Xd^ov t'/^ovtEg Tgoq)7]g xai 
ovTsg d&gooiy dvEv Xi]GTEiag 'Aal yEcogyiag^ ^vvEimg Tbv noXsuov 
diECfEgor, gadi(og dv fJidyri -AgatovvTsg eIXov, diys y.a\ ovx d&gooi, 
dXXd [xigEi t^ aEi nagovri dvzETyi^ov. fToXiogaicc 5' dv ngoaxa&E^o- 
fievoi iv iXdaaovi ts xgovci) aai dnovcoTsgov t?}j' Tgoiav siXov, 3. dXXd 
di d'lgrinaTiav ret te ngo tovtcov dax^srij iju xai avid ys drj Tavza 
bvojAa^TOTata t^v ngiv yEvofisra driXovrai ToTg sgyoig vnodsEaTsga 
ovza T?jg (p^fir^g aal tov vvv tzsoi avzav did Tovg Tzoirjtdg Xoyov 
y.aTsaxH'AOTog. XII. etteI x«« ^srd za Tgooixdrj'EXXdg sti fiSTavi- 
atato TS aal [iET(^xi^ET0y (oazs f47] ijavy^daaGa av^rjdr^vat. 2. tj ts 
ydg dvaimgrimg twv 'EXXtjvav i^ 'IXiov ygovla ysrof-isv)] noXXd 
ivEOj^fjooas, aal czaGEig iv TaTg tzoXegiv cog sni noXv iyiyvovTO, dcp 
av ixTziTZTOvTsg Tag noXsig ekti^ov. 3. Boicotol ts ydg ol vvv s^rj- 
'AOGT^ szsi usTa 'IXiov dXooaiv i^ "Agvrig dvacTavTsg vno GsaoaXmv 
t)jv vvv fiEv BoianiaVj ngozsgov ds Kadfirfida yrjV xaXovfiEVf]v 
w'Aiaav' r^v ds cfcrav aai aTiodaGfxbg ngoTsgov iv r?/ y^ zavzij, dcp 
toy y.a\ eg "iXiov iatgaTEVGav /Icogiijg ts oydoiyAOGzo) szsi ^vv 
IIgay,X'^.daig TlEXon6vvr]60v eg^ov 4. ^oXig ts iv noXXcp XQ^^'^'' 
yav^daaGa tj 'EXXdg ^sSaicog yu) ovxeti dviaza^ivrj d/zoixiag 
i^ETZEuxps ' nal "loavag [isv ^A&ijvoloi ya\ vrjGicozojv zovg TzoXXovg 
n^'Aioav, 'JzaXiag ds aal ZiysXiag to nXsiGzov IIsXonovv^Gioi Trig ts 



LIB. I. CAP. XIII— XIV. 7 

aXXfjg 'EXXddos tativ a xcoQia ' ndvra ^l zavrcc vgzeqov zav Tqtoi 

Xlll. JwarcoTEQag ds yiyvoiikvi]^ zijg ' EXXddog y,a\ tmv XQW^' 
Tcov rr]p XTTJaiv hi [auXXov rj tiqoteqov 7ToiovfA.8vr]g za noXXa rvQavvi- 
dsg iv raig tzoXeol na&iaiavTO, tojv TZQoaodMp (aei^ovcov yiyvofisvcav ' 
TiQOTEQOv dEijaavETii Q}]TOig ysgaai 7zaTQi}iai ^aaiXEiai' vavrmd te 
i^i]QTV£TO 1] ' EXXag aal zijg daXdaoijg fxaXXov drzar/^ovTO. 2. 7iq(o- 
TQi ds KoQivd^ioi XE'/ovrai iyyvraTa rov vvv tqotzov fiEzaxEiQioai ta 
71EQL Tag vavg xal TQirjQsig tzq^tov ev KoQivd^qr 77Jg 'EXXddog TavTirj- 
y)]d rival. 3. qjCiivEiai ds aal 2Jafiioig ^ydfisivoxXTJg KoQiv&iog rav- 
nqyog vavg norrjaag lEaaaqag. Etrj 5' ecti [idXiaza ZQiaxoaia sg 
zqv TsXsvTtjv zovds Tov no7.E}xov OTE \4 ixEivoyJjjg 2Jafitoig I'Xd^s. 
4. vavjjia'ila rs naXairdzi] cov lOfiEv yiyvsrai Koqiv&icov TZQog 
KEQxvQaiovg. ettj ds iidXiara aai zavrri i^}]>iovTa 'Aai dia-Aoaid 
iazi l^E^^oi rov avrov ^qovov. 5. oixovvTsg yuQ ztjv noXiv ol Koqiv- 
'&101 em zov la&fAov dsl d^ nozE eiitzoqiov eIiov, zojv 'EXXtjvcov zo 
TtdXai xazd yTjv za ttXeico // xaza ddXaaaav, z^v ze ivzog UeXottov- 
VTi^ov '/Ml zcov €$00, oia zrjg exeivcov tiuq akhikovg E/iifiKjyovzcoVy 
1Q>}(iaai ZE dvvazoi rjaav, cog 'Aai zoig naXaioig nou^zaig dsdijXcozai' 
dcpvEiov yaQ E7Z03v6f^a6av zo icoQior. ETZEidrj ze ol EXXijVEg iidXXov 
etzXgji^ov, zag vavg y.z?]Gd{XEvoi zo Xriazuov yad^ijQOW xai eiitzo- 
qiov TzaQijovzsg diAcpozsQa dvraztjv Ea^ov XQ^]f^dzG)V riQoaodcp Z7]v 
noXiv. 6. "AoX "l(yi<5iv vazEQOv TzoXv yiyvEzai vavzixbv etzi Kvqov, 
Ueqgcov 7TQ(6zov ^aaiXsvovzog, aai Ka^^vaov zov vlsog avzovj ZTJg 
ZE yaxf savzovg -OaXddGr^g KvQop noXs^iovvzEg E-AQazriadv ziva 
iqovov. v.ai IloXvv.qdxi]g, 2^dfiov zvqavv&v etzi Kafi^mov, vavzix^ 
l(jiv(x)v dXXag ze zav vi/ocov v7Z7]x6ovg ETzoi^Gazo, aai ^Pr^vEiav iXmv 
dvE&?]xE ZO) ^AtzoXXcovi ZO] /li]7.uo. fJfojKajjg ze MaaaaXiav oixi 
^ovzsg KaQi^doviovg h'iy.(x}v vavf.iayovvzEg' XIY. dvvazojzaza 
yccQ zavza zmv vavzixmv )]v. (^aivszai ds yai zavza TzoXXaig ysvs- 
aig vcTZEQa yEvojXEPa zav TQOorAmVj ZQiTJoEai fisv bXlyaig '/^QconEvaf 
izEvzjpwvzoQOig 5' Ezi y.ai nXoioig fiaKQOig i^ijQZVf-itva (ocjtzeq ixslva. 
2. bXiyov ZE TZQO zmv Mridmav xaf zov JaQslov &avdzov, og (iEzd 
Ka{Ji§v(yrjv JTIeQUOJV E^aaiXsvaE, ZQirjQEig tteqi ze ^iKsXiav zoTg 
rvQavvoig Eg TiXrj&og iysvovzo y.ai KsQ^vQaioig. zavza yaQ zeXev- 
taia 7TQ0 Trig ^eqI^ov GZQaxEiag vavzrAO, d^ioXoya iv zij 'EXXadt 



8 eoTKTJiJor ZTrrpAi>ii2. 

xccTtairj. 3. Alymitai yug y>ai 'A&tjvaiot yioi ti Tiveg . a),Xoi 
^Qa^ia ixixT?^vTO, nai tovtcov to. noXla nntiiKorTOQOvg ' oxpa t8 
acp ov "Ad^rifaiovg Qeiiiazo'AXTJg tneiaev Alyivritaig noXefiovvTag^ 
nai afia tov ^aq^doov irrgoadoxifiov oriog, rag ravg Tzou'jaaa&ai 
a'lanBQ nai ivavfid'/^r^aav ' y.ai avrat o'vnco e7)^ov dice 7zdar]g xazcc- 

XV. 2^a {Atv ovv vavtixu lihv 'EXh'jvcxiv TOiavia r^r, rd te na- 
Aaia yi(u 7« vozeqov yiyvofjisva. la^vv 8l nEQiEnoiri6avto o^icog ovx 
eXa^L6zi]v ol TiQOG'iovreg avzoig XQ^f^dzav ze nQoaodcp yiol uXXay 
ciQXll- tnmXtovzEg yuQ zdg rr^aovg y.azEazQtq)Ovzo, xal fxdXiaza 
0601 PI diaQ'Aij Ec/ov y^(6Qav. 2. naza yjjv ds 7i6XE(jLog, odfp zi(g 
}iul dvvaiAig TzaQEytvEzOy oidE^ig ^vvtoti]' ndvzEg ds yaav oaoi y.ai 
iytvovzo TTQog ofiOQOvg zovg aofEZhQovg ixdazoig' y,ai i-Ad/ijA-Ovg 
azQazEiag tzoXv duo zijg iavzav lii aXXoav HazaozQoqjrj ovk ^|/J€- 
aav at "EXXr^vEg. 3. ov yccQ ^vvEaztjHsaav TTQog zdg ^Eyiazag 
TzoXsig V7z/]y.00(y ovd' av avzol dno zijg latjg xoivdg azgazEiag inoi- 
ovvzOj xaz dXX/jXovg ds ^laXXov <ag txaazoi oi uazvyEizovEg etioXe- 
fiovv. {xdXiaza ds Eg zov ndXai tzozs yEvofXEvov tzoXe^ov XaXyidtcov 
nal 'Eqezqiecov, yai zo dXXo 'EXXrjrrAOv ig ^vfi}ia)(^iav sxaztQcov dttazTj. 

XVI. 'EnEyEVEZo ds dXXoig ze dXXo&i xooXvixaza firj av^riOijvaif 
ya). 'loiGif TTQoiOiQ^advzmv etil fxt'ya zwv TZQayiidzmv, KvQog yai jj 
IlEQaiyij ^aaiXEia Kqoi6ov ya{y£Xovaa xai oaa ivzog AXvog TTOza- 
fiov TiQog d^dXaaaav, ETZEUTgdzEvas yai zdg ev zy tjtieiqcp noXEig 
tdovXcoas, /laQELog ds vozeqov tq5 0oivixo3v vavzixw ygazav yai 
zdg vriaovg. XVII. zvQavpoi ds oaoi ij6av ev zaTg 'EXXr^nxaig 
•jioXsaif zo iq) iavzap fiorov TZQOOQcofiEvoi sg zs zo owfia yai ig zo 
zov idiov oixov av^Eiv di dacpaXsiag oaov idvvarzo fidXiaza zag 
noXsig (^Hovvj EnQd^dri ze an avzoov oi'dsv Eqyov dt,i6Xoyov, si fit] 
£1 zi nqog nEQiouovg zovg avzav iydazoig. ot yaQ iv 2irAEXia sni 
TiXElaiov i'^coQTjaav dwdfAEcog. 2. ovzco 7iavzax6\}Ev tj 'EXXug 
Em noXvv y^qovov yazEifSzo firjzs xony (favEQOV {ir^dsv yazEQyat,E- 
a Oat, xazd TToXstg ze dzoXf-iozEqa Eirai. 

XVIII. 'E/iEidfj ds 01 ZE 'Ad^Tjraiav zigavvoi yat ol ex z7i^ 
uXXtjg 'EXXddog Em noXv xal tiqIv zvQavvEv&ELar^g ol nXs^'cfzoi xcu 
zeXevzcuoi TzXqv zmv EV 2^iheXuc vno AaxEdaifiovicov yazs) vd^^(saVy 
tj yuQ AaxEdaificov, fiszd zqv xriaiv zav fvv Evoixovvzt^ a^'Z^^r 



LIB. I. CAP. XIX— XX. ,9 

JmQimVy inl 7i7.uazov av laixev XQOvov craaidaaaa ofxcog ix Tzalai' 
rdzov HOC evvofirjdrjKal.del dxvQcivvEvxog riV h?] ydq iaii (AaXiaza 
TETQUHoaia aal oXiycp tzXbico ig rijv tsXaviriv tovda rov TZoXtfiov d(p 
ov AaKEbaiiiovioi ty aviy TZoXiiEia ^Qmvzai, ycai di avtb dvvdf^s- 
voif ital TCi iv Tcug aXXaig noXeat y.a&iaraaav ' ^sra ds 77]v imv 
rvQdvpojy naidXyaiv ix ryg 'E^Xddog ov TZoXXoTg tzEoiv vcteqov xai 
ij iv MagaOavi f^dx^j Mr^dcov nQog '^O^tjvaiovg iytvEzo. 2. dsad- 
70) ds hei fiST avirjv av&ig 6 ^dg^aqog zo) {xeydXq) azoXcp im ztjv 
'EXXdda dovXcoaofAerog rpMs. xal [xeydXov xivdvvov inixQefiaa^BV 
tog 01 7S udayiEdaifiorioi z6)v ^vfiTzoXsfiTjadvroov 'EXXtjvap ijp'jaavTO 
dvvdfiEi TTQOvxovTEg, 'Aoi 01 ^u4&tjvaL0i. ETziovtcov rmv M/jdcov diavorj' 
dtvtEg ekXiueiv ti]v noXiv v-cCi dvaaKEvaadfiEvoi ig zdg vavg ifi^dv- 
zeg ravziaol iyivovzo. y.oiviQ ze dTzcoadfXEvoi zov ^dg^aQov vgzeqov 
ov noXXcp diexQi&Tjaav TiQog ze 'Ad^rivaiovg xai Aa'AE^aijiovLOvgy oi 
ZE dnoazdvzeg ^aaiXtcog 'EXXr]vEg nai ol ^v[i7zoXE{j,^aavzEg. dvvd- 
uEi ydo zavza [xsyiGza diEq^dvij ' \ay(yov yaq oi ixsv y,aza ytjv, oi ds 
vavGi. 3. nai oXiyov ^ev ^qovov ^vvifieivev ?/ ofxaixf^ia, 'inEiza ds 
diEVE^^ivzEg oi Aa'AEdaijxovioi xai oi 'A&Tjvaioi iTzoXifxrjaav fxsia 
■zap ^v[A,(xdx<^v TZQog dXXr'jXovg ' xai z^v dXXcov' EXXijvcov el zivig 
710V diaczaiEVj nqhg zovzovg ijd?] ixooQOVv. (oaze dno zoov Mr^dixaiv 
ig zovds del zov 7i6Xe[xov zd fisv GnerdofiEvoi zd de noXe^ovvzEg h 
dXX^Xoig ri zoTg iavzoov ^vfi{A.dxoig dq)i6zaiitvoig ev TxaQEGHEvaaavzo 
zd TioXi^acif xal e^tteiqotsqoi iyevovzo fxezd xivdvvmv zdg fieXizag 
TToioviiEvoi. XIX. xal oi f^sv AaxEdatiiovioi ov'i vTiozeXeig e^ov 
zeg (fOQOV zovg ^vj^i^d^ovg rjyovrzOj v.olz hXiya^iylav ds ccpiaiv avzoig 
Hovov iTZizTjdELCog oTzmg noXizevGcoGi 'O^EQanEvovZEg ' 'A-&ijvaioL ds 
ravg ze rmv tioXecov z^ XQ^^^ TzaQaXa^orzeg, nXr^v Xioov nai Ae- 
6§ia)v y.ai XQ,W^'^^ '^^^'^ Tzdai zd^avzsg qjEQEiv. xai iyivezo avzotc 
ig zovde zov tzoXe^ov t] idia TtaQuaxevt] f^Ei^oov ?J cog zd xgdziazd 
loze fxezd duQaicpvovg r7]g ^vfifiaxiag riv&rjaav. 

XX. Td fisv ovv nalaid zoiavza evqov, ^aA£;7« ovza navzl 
8^'^g zen{4,J]Qicp niGzevaai. oi ydo dvd^Qcoitoi zag dxoag zoov nqoye- 
yevrj^svooVj xal r^v iTzixcoQicc oqiiaiv ^, ofioicog d^aaavlazaig Tzag 
dXXi]Xo3V dsxovzai. 2. ^Ad-rivaicov yovv zo TzXtjOog fnnaQxov oiov- 
rat vq) 'Agfiodiov nal 'AQiazoysizovog zvQavvov ovza dnodaveiVt 
Hal ovK laaoiv ozi'Inniag f.(h TZQEo^vzazog mv fio'/e zmv llEiaiazQa 



10 oorKTjiJOT ZTrrPA^ns. 

tov vlsaVf iTZTTao'/og da y,ai OsadaXog adeXqiol ijaav avTov. vno- 
Tonricayteg di ri iy,£irri ti] JJ/h^'qcc -aoi TraqayQijua '^Aqiio^iog xai 
'AQiUToyaiTmv iy. tojv ^vpeidozcov uq:iaiv '^Jnnict fie^T]i'v(J&ai, tov 
fiev aniaxovTO cog nQoaidotog^ ^ovXofASvoi ds ttqIv ^vXXrjqj&ijvai 
dgdaavTeg ti y>ai y.ivdvvevaai, rqj 'IrzTrdQj^cp neqitvy^ovTsg tt^qI to 
AsmTiOQiov yaXov[ierov t7]v Uarad^Jifai'ytjv TTOfinTjv diaxofffiOvvTif 
aTZSHTSivav. 3. noXXa ds xat uXXa sti xai vvv ovTa, yAxi oh XQovcp 
a^v7](jTov[iEva, yat ol dXXoi EXXr^vsg ovx ogd^^g oioviai' ^gtzeq 
Tovg TS yiay.edaiiiovicov ^aaiXmg fxrj ^la yj^(pco nQoaTL&ea&ai 
lydrsQOVj d7.Xa dvoiv' y,ai tov, UiTardTTjv Xofov avToTg ehcitj og 
ot'5* iytvETO 7ZCOTI0TE. ovTcag draXaiTKOoog ToTg noXXoTg rj (^ijtTjGig 
iTjg dXrid^Eiagy y.ui im to. sroTixa fxdXXov tqettovtcu. XXI. ly 
ds Tav Eior^txtpoav lEyiiriQiwv oficog TOiavTcc dv Tig tofiiXoov ftdXi- 
GTa a dujX&ov ov^ d^aQzavoi' yat ovzs cog noiritai vfivjjyaai tieqi 
avT^v ETTi TO fiEi^ov yocfj-ovvTsg fidXXov niOTEvcav, ovzs cog Xoyo- 
YQd(j)0i ^vv8&£Gav ini to TZQouaycoyoTEQOv Ty dyQodaEi ^ dXri&iaTE- 
DOVj ovTa dvE^tXEyy.Ta yai to. noXXd vno yQovov avrav dniazoag 
Em TO iivOaoEg EyvEviyr^yoza' EVQTjad^ai ds rjr^crd^srog iy tcov 
EniqavEatdrcov ajuEmv, cag TzaXaid eIvuIj dno'/QcovTcog. 2. yal 6 
noXsiiog ovTog, yairiEQ tcov dvO^ocoTzoDV iv co ^sv dv TzoXefiooai tov 
TtaQOVTa dsi fAEyiarov yqivovzcovy navaafisvcav ds to. aQyaia f^idXXov 
•Oaviaa^ovzcov, dii avzcov Tav EQycov gkottoixji d}jXc6(jEi oficog fiEi- 
l^cai' ysyEvrinivog avzatv. ' XXII. yal oaa fisv Xoyo^ slnov iyaazoi 
ij fit'XXovTEg ttoXeixi^oeiv 7j Ev avTcp I'ldrj vvtec, yaXsnov Tijv dyQi^Eiav 
avTTiv T^v XsyiyivTcov dia^vtjiiovEvcjai 7^r, iftot te cov avzog i\yovaa 
yal TOtg uXXoOevtzo&ev iuol dTTayyt'XXovuiV cog 5' dv Idoyovv Efzoi 
EyacTOi TZEQi Tmv dsi TzaQovTcov Tu dsovTa fidXiaza EinEiVy iyofiEvcp 
oTi iyyvzara TTJg ^^v^inda^g yvconrig Tmv dXr^&ag XEy&E'vzcav, ovTcog 
ifQ7]T(ti. 2. Tcc d' EQya TCOV TZQay&EVTcov EV TM noXt^icp ovy iy tov 
ncLoazvyovTog nvvd^avo^svog ii^icoaa yQucpEiVy ovd' cog ifiol idoysi. 
dX)' oig TE avzog naQriv yai naqd twv dXXcov oaov dvrarov dyne 
^Eitt nsQi sydoTOv etze^eXO^cov. 3. inmovtog ds evqIuhezOj diozi ot 
naoovzEg ToTg sQyoig sydazoig ov TavTa tzeqI tcov avzoig eXEyov, dX)' 
ihgsyaz^QcavTtg Evvoiag i] ftv^fZTjg EyoiA.xal ig fisv uyQoafftv laco-; rh 
fuj uv&adsg aviwv dzsQTZhazsQOv (favEirai . ocfoi dl ^ovXijaovrut 
TMV TE yEvonircov TO aacfsg ayonsiv yai rcor fitXXoiTOi:' ttotI avCrg 



LIB I. CAP. XXIII. XXIV. 11 

)\aza 10 itv&Q037Tei0Vy toiovtoxv 'aoi 7taQan7j]oixov eaeaOaij cuqjtXiua 
y.Qivtiv avta aQKOvvrco^ e^ei. atrifxa re sg aei ^akKov ri aymviafxa 
tg to TzaQCiyQijfia dnovsiVj ^vyxeizai. -^ 

XXIII. Tav ds 7zq6t€qov tQycov fxtjiarov inQayO^i] to Mr^dixov ' 
>i(U rovio ofxcog dveiv vav[A,a'iiatv xal Tzt^o^ia^^iaiv raieiav t7]v 
yiQiaiv ta^s ' tovTOv ds rov 7zo7Jf/,ov (xjjxog re fitya TiQov^ri, Tia&r.ua- 
rd 7E ^vvTjvtjdt] yevt(s{)ca Iv avTco ry 'Ellddi oia ovy siEQa iv locp 
IQovc]). 2. ovre yaq noleig roaaide XtjcpdeTaai rjQ7]iJ.(6&}j(jav, al fisv 
vTio ^aQ^uQcov al 5' vno aqioov avrav dvTiTrols^ovvTmv, ehi ds ai 
Tiai oix}]70Qag ^lETt^aXov dXiGHOfiSvai, ovre qiv/ai roaaids drd^goj- 
7ZCOV x«). q)6vog, 6 fi8v xar aviov top TtoXtf-iov 6 ds dia to azaaia- 
^£iv. 3. zd 7£ TTQOiSQOV axoTj fjisv Isyofisvaj sQym 8s GnavmiSQOv 
fis^aiovfisva, ow dniota y.aTSdzy, asicjioof re ntqi, oi etzi 7iXsl6tov 
dfJLa fieQog yTjg 'acu laxvQOTaTot at aviol Iniaiov, tjXiov ts i}iXei\peig, 
(a TiVKVOTEQai naQo. ra ex, tov tiqiv y(jf)6vov ^vrifxovEvo^Eva ^vvt^tj- 
aavj av'/jioi ts sail Tzag olg fiEydlot xai dii avzojv aal hfioiy xat, 
V ^^X "r^'if^ta ^Idxpaaa xai fiEQog ri cpOsiQaGa ?) Xoificodrjg roaog. 
zavta yuQ ndvra fiETcc rovdE rov 7zoXtf4.ov ufia ^vvsTitO^ETO. 

4. ?]Q^avio ds avtov ^Ad^r^vaXoi nai IlEXoTTTTOVvijaioi Ivaavrsg rag 
ZQiaxovrovtEtg anovdag ou avroig Eysvovzo fiszd Ev^oiag dXcoaiv.^ 

5. diozi 5' 'iXvoav rag aiziag 7iQ0Eyj)a.\pa nq^zov xai rag diaq}0- 
gdgj zov {Aij rira ^r^zTjaai ttozs i^ ozov roaovzog noXsixog roTg 
EXXijai xazt'cjTTj. 6. rr^v fisv ydg dXr]&Eazdz7]v nQocpaaiv dqavs- 
aidz^v ds Xoycp rovg 'A\)i]vaiovg ijyovfxat, [xEydXovg ytyvofAtvovg 'Aot 
q}6^ov TTaQtjovzag roTg Aa'AEdaiiAoviocg, dvayxdaai ig ro tzoXeiieTv. 
ai ^ ig zo cpavEQov XsyofiErai aiziai ald^ rjaav EAazsgcov, dq] ojv 
Xvaavzsg zdg onovdag sg rov TZoXsf^ov ^iazscrrjaav. 

XXIV. 'ETZidufivog EGzi TxoXig iv ds^id EanXsovii zov 'lonov 
zoXttoV TtQoaoi'AOVGi 5' avTi)v TavXdvzioi ^uQ^aQOif 'IXXvqi'aov 
Exhov. 2. zavzrjv aTZCfrAiaav fAsv KsQAVQaToi, oiziaz?]g d' EysrEzo 
^lidlaog ^EQazoAXEidov, KoQiv&iog ysvog, rav dcp 'UQaxXtovg, xazd 
d)] zov naXaiov v6(aov in zJjg iJiijzQOTZoXEdig 'Aazay.XijOEig. ^vvarAi- 
lav OS xat zav Koqiv&iojv znsg xal zov dlXov /Iconixov yivovg. 
3. 7TQOE7.\)6vTog ds zov iQovov iysvszo rj zcov ''Enidanvmv noXig 
ur/dXij xal noXvdvx^Qconog. 4. czaaidaarzEg ds iv dXX/iXoig srii 
TioXXa^ cog Xsyszai, dno noXiyLOV zivog z&v Trnoaolxojv §un^(ioco7 



12 ooTKTJijor ZTrrPAtPiis 

ig^&aQTjaav hoI T?jg dvvdfiacog iijg nollrig iaiEQijd^Tjaav. 5. ra d* 
rtXevzaTa tiqo tovde zov Tioh'nov 6 d7]fA,og avtojv i^adico^a rovg 
Svvarovgy ol ds anfl&ovzeg fisra toov Buq^ccqcov iXrfyvTO lovg h 
7X1 ^oAet 'Aatd re yijv 'auI aard d^dXaijaav. / 6. ot ds Iv rij nolei 
ovTsg ^E7zi8dy.noi iizeidfj lndt,ovTOj Tzt'finovaiv ig zriv KtQzvQav 
TTQtupEig cog jiriTQOTioXiv ovGav, dsofievoi, ^/; acfdg tisqioqccv q]&£iQO- 
fiivovgj alia lovg te cpEvyovxag ^vralld^ai ocpiai xa\ lov imv §aQ- 
^dgcav nolsfiov aaTalvaai. 7. ravta ds hsrai na&s^ofXEvoi ig 
70 'HqaXov idsovTO. ol ds KEQxvQaioi tt^v UsTEiav ovk idi^avtOj 
dlX dTTQdnTOvg dntnEfjixpav. . XXY. yvovjEg ds ol "Eniddnvioi 
ovdsniav aqiiaiv dnh KsgnvQag tificoQiav oixfav, iv dnoQCxi ecj^ovto 
&£(j&ai 70 TzaQov y,ai TZffiipavzEg ig /dslqsovg 70v d^sov ini\qov7o 
el TzaQadoiEv KoQiv&ioig 7i]v tzoIiv wg oixiaraigj aal 7ifitt)Qiav zivd 
TTEiQOJvto dii avrmv noiEla&ai. 6 d^ avzoTg dvEils naqadovvai aa] 
TjyEfiovag noiEia&ai. 2. ilOovrsg ds ol Enidd^noi ig 7'qv Koqiv- 
•d^ov aara xo fiavTEiov naQbdoaav zijv dnoiMar, 7dv 7e ouiaztjv 
dnodEi'/.vvvzEg aqjmv in KoqivOov ovza xai zo XQri<5zt]Qiov dr^lovv- 
zsg. idiovzo ze ix\ Gcpdg heqioquv diaq){^EiQOiiivovg, dlX ina^vvai. 

3. KoQir&ioi ds xazd ze zo dUaiov vuEdi^avzo z?]v zifiOJQiav, ro- 
fAi^ovzEg oi'X riGaov savzav slvai zrjv dnoiy,iav ij KEQXVQaioiv, u^ux. 
ds nal fiiGEi zojv KsQXVQaiooVf ozi avzmv naQiiiislovv ovzsg uTzoiy.oi ' 

4. ovzE yd-Q iv navriyvQEGi zaig xoivaig didovzsg ysQa zd vomtofxEva - 
ovzE'KoQivOiq) dvdQl TTQOnazaQ'/^OfiEvoi zmv lEQaVjCOGTZEQ al alia ^^ 
dnoiYAai, 7iEQL(fQovovvzEg ds avzovg :<at iQijuazctiv dvvdfiEi ovzeg 
xaz insivov zov iqovov o{ioTa zoTg 'Elhjvav Tzlovaicozdzoig aai zy 
ig nols^ov TzaQaaxEvy dvvazcozsQOi, vavziam ds xai nolv TZQOt^Eiv 
taziv ozs inaiQOiiEvoif xcct yazd zr^v zcov fLaidxoov TZQOEvoiyyaiv zr^g 
KsQ'AVQag y.liog i)(^6vzcov zd tieqI zdg vavg. ?j 'Aai fiullov ihjQzvov- 
70 zo vavzi'AOv aal r^aav ova ddvvazot ' ZQU^QEig yan e'ikogi yuu 
'\uzov vni^Qiov avzoTg ozs i\Q'foyTO uoIeiieiv. XXVI. navzcxiv ovf 
*hvz(ov iyyhjixaza E'/ovzEg ol KoQiv&ioi STZEfXTZOv ig ztjv ^Enida^vov 
dafiEvoi zi]v (acpilEiaVj ou/jzogd rs zotfovlofXEVov livai y.ElEvorzeg 
-at '^iJiTTQayjwzoov not ^Evy.adi(ov nal savzojv (foovQovg. 2. tno- 
i^LvO-rjaav ds nsl^ri ig '^TzollcoviaVy KoqivOicov ovaav dnorAiav, dm 
zojv KsQy.vQaicov ^// ycolvoovzui im avzcov aazd {ydlauoav TtEQaiov- 
fiEroi.3, KEQy,VQaioi ds inEid/j ya{>ovzo zovg ze oh^zoqag xat qoov 



LIB. I. CAP. XXVII. XXVIII. 13 

QOvg iiY,ovzag ig zljv 'EnidaiivoVj r^v z& ajioiKiav KoqivdLOig dsdO' 
fjiif "^y tialtnaivov ' xal TzlevaavTEg evO^vg nivie ocac eixoai vavai 
yiai vareQOV htQcp azolcp rovg is cptvyoviag i'At'levov xaz intJQSiav 
dtjeadai avzovg, 7j)Mov yuQ ig tijv KtQxvQav ol tcov "'ETTidafiviwv 
qivyudsg, zdcpovg zs aTzoderAvvvzEg nai ^vyytvuiav, tjv nQo'CoioiiavoL 
edtovzo aqjag '/.azdysiVy zovg re (foovQOvg ovg KuQiv&ioi inbiixpav 
Koi zovg olvJjzoQag dnomiineiv ol ds 'ETZiddfivioi ovd^sv avz(ov 
vTzriiiQmav. 4. dXld azgazevovaiv sti avzovg ol KeQHVQaloi zsa- 
Gundxovza i^aval fiEzd zojv (fvyddmv, cog nazd^ovzeg nal rovg 

• 'llXvQiovg TTQoaXa^ovzeg. 5. TTQoaxade^ofisvoi ds zrjv tzoXiv ttqosi- 
nov ^Emda^vmv zs zhv ^ovX6fA,svov :iat zovg ^svovg dnadsXg dnis- 
vca' si ds PI, cog noXs[xioig yQi'iasg&ai. cog d' ovx STisid^ovzOj oi 
nlv KsQ'/.VQaioi, sazi 8' la&ixog zb x^qlov, sttoXloquovv zijv noXiv. 
ILlCVll. "'KoQivd^ioi d\ cog avzoig sx zi^g 'Eniddfirov t^XOov dyysXoi 
ozi TzoXwQxovrzai, 7iaQSQv,svdt,ovzo azqazidv, xai af^ia uTZOixiav sg 
zt]v ^EiTidapov syjjqmaov Im zij larj ncu o/j-oik zov ^ovXo^isvov 
Isvai ' si ds zig zo TiaQavzixa [xsv p] iO^sXoi ^viinXsTv, fjLSZb'/^siv bi 

^ ^ovXszai zT^g dnoi'Mag, TZSvzij'AOvza dQai^ikg ytazaOsvza KoQivViag 
fisvsiv. Ijoav ds xai ol nXtovzsg 7zqX2'Oi xai ol zdqyvQiov aaza^dX- 
Xovzsg. 2. i8s7j-d-7](7av ds y.al zmv MsyaQsoov 'yavai aqjdg ^vfXTZQO- 
TisiixlmVj SI uQa ncoXvoivzo vno KsQ'AVQaioov nXsiv. ol ds naQsa'ASvd- 
t,ovzo avzoig oxzco vavo) ^vfiTtXsip y.ai IlaXfjg Kc(pci).Xrivcov zsaaccQ' 
61, y>al ^EnidavQimv ids^Otjaav, o7 haQsaxov nsvzs. 'EQfxiprTjg dg 
fiiav xal T()Oi^t'iftoi dvo, ytsvaddioi ds dtxa 'Aai ^y^fiTTQaxiazai 
oxzco. Or^^movg ds ^[Qijixaza yzr^aav y,ai ^hXiaoiovg, 'HXsiovg ds ' 
vavg zs y.svdg ynxi vQriuaza, avz&p ds KoQivd^uov vTJsg naQsa'AEvd- 
"Qovzo ZQidAOvza y.ai tqiu'/^iXioi onXlzai. 

XXVllI. 'Eirsidi] ds InvQovzo ol KsQKVQaToi trjv Tranaaxsvjjvf 
iXOovzsg eg Koqiv&ov [.iszd AaAsdaiiiovioov y.ai 2!ixvcovicov tiq^- 
u^smv, ovg TZCiQ^M^ov, i-Ab'Xsvov KoQivOiovg zovg Iv ^Eniddfiro: 
cpnovQOvg rs 'acu oU/jzoQccg dnaysiv, cog ov nszov avzoTg ^Emddiivov. 
* 3. si ds zi dvziftoiovvzai, diACtg ■rid:slov dovvai iv risXoTzorvrjcycp 
'.taQOL TtoXsaiv aig civ diicpozsQoi ^vf^'^(5()iv' ottoz'Jqoov d^ dv d(y,cia&r^ 7t5 
uvai zijv drzorAiav, zoviovg yqaxsiv. ijOslov ds yea Z(a Iv AsX^olg * 
(tavTSUp InizQsxpai. 3. TzdXsfiov ds ovx sitpv noisTv'isl ds {.trjj >ia] 7 « 
avrol avayxaa&qosa&ai sqiaaav, s-asivcov ^iat,o(Atvcov, q)iXovg noisl- ' 



V 



14 oorKTJi/for ZTrrpAoiis. 

i-r '- *■.■■ ' ^ 
6&at ovg ov ^ovXoviai, srtQOvg rcoy vvv ovcmv fiaXXov coq.€Xsiai 
evExa, /4. ol da Koqivdioi am'AQivavio avroTg, i]v zdg ts ravg 
xai Tohg ^aQ^UQOvg ano 'ETtiddfivov dnayaycoaii ^ovXevaaGOai' 
TTQOTEQOv ds OV 'Auloog €'/^Eiv Tovg ^Iv TToXiOQxsTiy&ai avtovg bl diHci- 
^eo&ca. 5. KeQ'AVQOioi 8s dviiXEyov, rjv nal ixsTvoi TOvg Iv 'Eni- 
ddfivcp dTTaydycoai, Tzoujaaiv ravia,' szoT{ioi ds ehai y,al cojts 
dfiq)0Z8Q0vg fitvsiv y^aia x^Q^Vy <^^ov8dg noiTJaaad^ai eag av rj dixij 
ytvT]Tai. 

, XXIX. KoQiv&ini ds ovdsv rovicov VTi^aovoVf dXX inBidrj 
nXi'iQSig avxoig ?i(jav at vijsg kui ol ^v^x^a'/^oi TzaQT^aav, TzgoTTtfixpav- 
Tsg ii}]Qv>ia TTQOTEQOV TToXsfzov TTQosQovvja KsQxvQuioigy aQavTsg 

'^ e^doiATjKOVTa ravoi aai ntvzs didy^iXioig re onXizaig 'inXsov im irjv 
*Enida[A,vov KsQuvQaioig ivavTia TzoXsfiTJGOvTeg. 2. iazQaiijysi da 
zav fisv vEwv '^QiazEvg 6 TIeXXi^ov xai KaXXixQdzrjg 6 KaXXiov 
y.al TifxavooQ 6 Tijxdvd^ovg ' zov ds ns^ov '/^Q'/^szifiog ze 6 Evqvziliov 
yal ^IcaQ^idag o 'ladQ'/^ov. 3. ETieidt] ds iytvorzo ev "A'AZioy z7]g 
'Avay.zoQiag ytig, ov to Isqov zov AnoXXoavog icrziv, sni tw gzo- 
nan zov 'AiiiTQay.rAOv xoXtzov, oi KsQxvQaioi xrJQVxd zs nQOSTZEfixpap 
avroTg iv dxaziqi djiEQOvvza fxtj tzXeiv ini Gq)dg, nal rag vavg dfia 
inX^QOvv UEv^avzsg zs rag naXaiag ooais nXotfiovg sJvai xai rag 

• dXXag iTnuy.EvdaavzEg. 4. cog ds 6 ii7]Qv^ re dTzf^yyeiXev ovdsv 
eiQrjvaiov naQa rav KoQiv^ioov yai at vijeg avroTg insTzX/jQOJVTO 
ovaai oydoijiiorra, rEaaaQdv.ovza yaQ ^Enidaiivov sttoXioqkovv, dv- 
zavayofisvoiyal TzaQaza^dfASvoi iravLidxi]Gav ' Tiat EvixTjaav ol Keq 
avQaioi TZttQcc ttoXv ya\ vavg TzevzExaidsHa dttqjdeiQav rav Koqiv- 
x>i(x)v. ry ds nviy rjliEQCi avzoig ^vvs^r] xal rovg r?]v "Enidaiivov 
TioXioQuovvzag 7zaQaaZ7]Gaa&ai ofioXoyia cogzs rovg fxsv im'jXvdag 
dnodoaQaiy KoQivd^iovg ds dijGc^zag sysiv sag dv dXXo ri do^jj. 
XXX/' fiezd ds rijv vav^ayiav ol KsQ'AVQatoi ZQonaTov aztjaavzeg 
im t5 Aevxifivri rrjg KsQxvQag dyQmrr]Qicp rovg jxh dXXovg ovg 
sXa^ov aiyjxaXcozovg dnsAZEivav, KoQiv\)iovg ds d/jaarzEg tJ/ov. 
2. vazEQOv ds insidq ol Koqiv&wi yal ol lE,v{ifi.aioi ijaamxsvoi raig 
vavaiv dvEycoQy^aav in or/,ov, rljg ^aXaaar^g dnaarig s-AQdzovv zTjg 
aaz BHEiva rd yo^Qia ol KsQy.vQaToi y.ai nXsvaavzEg ig jisvy.dda rr^v 
KoQivd^icov dnovAiav rTjg yi^g heuovy xai KyXXipriv ro 'IlXsicop 
iniVEWv in'TTQTjGav, on vavg xal XQrmaza naQEayov Koqiv Oioig 

f f rr^^v^v 



LIB. I. CAP. XXXI. XXXll. 15 

3. zov xs ^Qovov Tov nXeiazov ^etu tijv vavfiayjav iy.Qcizovv zijs 
■&alda6t]g xal Tovg lav KoQivdicov ^vfifzayovg inmXeopieg tqi&EiQov 
utxQi' ov KoQiv&ioi nsQuovri t^ -OtQei Tztfixpavtsg vavg xal orqa' 
Tidvf S7IEI cqimv ol ^v(Zfia](^oi btzovovv, iatQazoTzedevovzo ini 'ydnzicp 
Kfu 7Zf(H 70 XeiixtQiov 7^? OsGTTQGjTidog, cfvXax7jg tvEyni ztjg zs uIev- 
HCidog xal zmv dXXojv ttoXecov oaai cqiiai qjiXiai rjaav. 4. dvza- 
ffzQazoTiEdEvovzo ds }<al ot Keq^vqcuoi ettI zy Aevmiivi^ vavai zs hoi 

. TTE^q). 5. ETzmXeov zs ovdtzEQOL dXXijXoig, dXXd to '&8'Qog tovzo 
uvzixa&E^ofiEvot x^ffiojvog rjdrj dvEi(aQt]aav lii oixov sxoCzeqoi. » 

XXXI. Tov 5' inavzov ndvza zov (xsza ztjv vav^aiiav xai 
zov V6ZEQ0V ot KoQivdiOi OQ^^ Q^EQOvzEg ZOV TZQog KsQ^vQaiovg 
TToXEfiov EvavTzriyovvzo y,a\ TzaQEaHEvd^ovzo zd HQdzioza VEmv crzo- 
Xov, tTi rs avzrjg IlEXoTTorvijaov dyEiQm>ZEg aat zijg dXXrjg 'EXXddog 
EOkzag, fita&cp nEidovzEg. 2. 7zvv&av6[ZEV0i ds ol Keq'avqoioi thv 
7TanaGXEvt]v avzmv iqjo^ovvzo, koc/, ijaav yaQ ovdEvog 'EXXrjvcciv 
kvanovdoi ov8e iijEyQjupavzo tavzovg ovze ig zdg 'y4\}t]vaimv 67iov-, 
Sag OVZE ig zdg uday.Edaifiovicov, Edo^Ev avzoTg iXd^ovoiv cog zovg 
A&i]vaL0vg ^vf-i^d'/^ovg yEvtad^ai yai (hqiihEidv ziva TiEifdcOai an' 
avzcjv EVQiayEGxyai. 3. ol dl KoQiv&ioi Tzvi^ofAEvoi zavza ^X&ov 
itai avzol ig zdg ^Ad^^vag npEG§Ev'<50[jiEv6i, OTi&tg^pJi acplai nqog z^ 
KEQXvQaiav ravzm^ zo 'Azzmov nQOuyEvofXEvov ifXTZodiov ytvjjzai 
9^ta&ai zov tzoXe^ov y ^ovXovzai. 4. y.azaazdarjg ds ixyXijciag 

^g dvziXoyiav ijX{yov^ y>ac ol fiEV Ksoy.vQaToi 'iXs^av zoidds. 

y* XXXII. Aiyaiov, co 'Ad^7]vaioi,, zoig ^rjzs svsQysaiag fisydXrig 
fiijZE ^vfAfiaxiug TiQOvcpEiXofiivrig ijyiovzag naqd zovg niXag etzixoV' 
Qiag C067TEQ xai tjusTg vvv dsTjaofiEvovg dvadidd^ai 7i:qcozov, ^idXiaza 
fuv cog xai ^vfiqjOQa dsovzaij el ds [x^j ozi ys ova imtijfiia, sTZSiza 
8s cog yai zi]v ydqiv ^t^aiov s^ovaiv ' el ds zovzcov i^idsv aafpsg 
xazaazijaovGi, p] 0Qyi'C,Ea&ai rjv dzvyt^cn. 2. KEQxvQaToi dt', ficzd 
T7]g ^v/ifiayiag z7]g alztjaEcag xai zavza TziazsvovzEg i'/yqa vfiTv 
naQ8^sa&ai dniazsiXav rjfidg. 3. zezvyrixE ds zo avzo inizfjdsvuct 
77 Qog ZE vfidg ig zyv yosiav tjimv dXoyov mu ig zd rjfiszEQa avzav iv 
no TzaQovTt d^viAqioQOv. 4. h'f(na)[OL zs ydQ ovdsrog nta iv z(p ttqg 
TOV sxovaioi. ysvofiSvoL vvv dXXcov zovzo dEr]a6},(.EV0L rjy.ofisv, xai afiQ 
eg zov naqovTa TzoXsf^ov KoQiv&iojv £Qriuoi di avzo aadi^za^Ey, 
Kai TTEQiiGTij'AEv t) doxovan yuojv TTQOTEQGi' aojqjQOGvv?] zo fit] iv 



16 ooTKTJiJor AirrPA(i>ii2. 

iO.XozQia ^vpifia)^ia r^ tov TzeXag yvcofiij ^vyxirdvvEVEiv, vvv a^ovha 
y.ai aa&ivEia q)aivofitvj]. 5. t7jv fxev ovv yevofievijv vavfiayfav ah- 
TOi xaia fJLOvag a7T£(0(jdfie{}a Koqivdiovg ' ETzeid)] ds fAsi^ovi naqa 
aiEviiji ano UeloTiovvriaov y.ai zjjg aXXr^g 'E).).u8og f'gp' r]fiag aQfitjv- 
tai nai ijfiEig advvaroi ogmf^iFv ovzeg t^ oiy.eia fiopov dvvdfxei tteqi- 
yersa&ai, y.ai afia f^tyag 6 yJvdvvog el iaofie&a vii avzoTg, dvayxi] 
nal vfiav y.ai dXlov navTog STZixovQiag deiaO^ai, y>al ^vyyvcouj] el fztj 
fxeta Hamag, do^rjg ds fidXXov dixaQzia ty TiQOTeqov aTTQayixoavvy 
iravTia zoXfimfiev. XXXIII. yevrjaexai ds vfxlv nei&oiieroig xaXij 
rj ^vrrvy^ia yaia TJoXXa zJjg rjiiereqag XQeiag^ nqmrov fisv on ddi- 
'Aovjxkvoig y,al ov^ sztqovg ^Xdmovai rrjv iniaovQiav 7T0U]aE6&e, 
STzeiza TTSQi zwv fieyiazcov y.ivdvvevovzag ds^afxevoi cog dv ^idXiaza 
uet detjivriazov fiaQZVQiov zrjv ydgiv y,azad^£i(j&E, vavzixov ze xsxz^- 
ue\}cc nXi'iv zov tzclq vf^Tv TzXeiazov. 2. xal axeipaa&s rig evtzqcl- 
^la anavicozsQa. i] zig zoTg noXeiiioig Xv7Z?]QozeQa, el 7jp vfieig dv ttqo 
TzoXXcov yQTjfxdzmv y.ai ydqizog ezffu'iaad&e dyvafiiv vfuv nQoayeve- 
G&aiy avrt] ndqeGziv avzendyyeXzog dvev y.ivdvvcov y.ai dandvt^g 
didov6a savzijv, y.ai nQoaezi cpe'QOvaa ig ^lev zovg noXXovg dqezriVy 
olg ds ena[JLVveXte yaQiv, v^Tv 3' avzoTg la'/vv ' a ev zcp navzl xqovq^ 
oXiyoig 8)] d^ia ndvza ^vvs^t], y.ai oXiyoi ^p}X(iayLag deonevoi olg 
eniy.aXovvzai dafdXeiav aai y.6a(xov ovy riG<Jov didovzeg // Xr^ipofievoi 
naqayiyvovzai. 3. zov ds n6XsiA,ov, 5/' ovTzeQ ygrjaifioi dv ei'rjfievj 
ei zig viiojv fir] oiszai eaea&ai, yvc6fi7]g ufiaQzdrei yai ovh alo&dve- 
zai zovg Aay.edai >ioviovg q}6^cp zip vfiezsQCp noXefir^ueiovzag yai 
zovg KoQivdiovg dvvafisvovg naq avzoig aai v[uv iy&(jovg ovrag 
^ai TTQO'AazaXafi^dvovzag ijfidg vvv ig zfjv vfiezsQav emyeiQ^aiVy iva 
urj z(fj Hoir^ cy&Ei aaz avzmv [xez dXXrjXcov aza/^ieVj fitjds dvoiv 
cp&daai dfidorcoGiv, ij yay.oj^ai j]fidg y aqjdg avzovg ^epaiooaaaOai. 

4. IjfiSZEQOV 5' av EQyOV TTQCZEQljaai, ZOJV flSV dldoVZCaVj VfA^V ds 

de^afXEvoiv zijv ^vfjfiayiav, y.ai ttqoettiISovXeveiv avzoig fidXXov rj 
dvzETti^ovXEVEiv. XXXIV. ^j^ ds XtycoGiv (og oh dixuiov zovg 
oqiEztQOvg aTZOiHOvg vfidg dtjea&ai, ua&tzcoGav cog Tzdaa dnor/ua 
ev filv ndayovaa zifia zrjV fitjzQOTzoXiv, ddiy.ovfiEV7] ds dXXozQiovzai' 
ov yuQ J^zf zo) dovXoi dXX erii rw ofioioi zoTg XEiTzofisvoig Eivai exTisfi' 
Tiovzai. 2. cog ds ridiyovv cacft'g eazi' TZQO'AXij&tvzeg yag tieqi 
'Eniddfirov ig yiQiuiv TzoXtftm ftdXXov tj z(o tjo) i^ovX/iO^ijaav za 



LIB. I. CAP. XXXV. XXXVI. 17 

iynXtJiiata fiEZE)M£iv. 3. xal vf-iTv aaico ti Tey.(i?]Qiov a ttqos tifiug 
roi'i," ^vyy8rtTg doojoiv, (aaiE andxri ts [A.t] naqdyEadai vn avimVf 
deofie'poig te h tov Ev&sog ju// vnovQytiv' o yuQ iXa/iaTag tug 
fiEiafjiEltiag iy, tov 'f^aqiC,EG\^ ai toTg Ivavzioig Xafx^dvmv daqiali-- 
craTog dv diatEloit]. XXXV. Xmsrs ds olds tug ^ay^Edaifzo- 
rrcov 67T0vddg ^e'io^evoi ij^dg [xrjdEtEQcov ovrag ^vf^^dxovg. 2. ai- 
grjTai yaQ iv aviaig z(ov 'EXlrividcov tzoIeojv ijtig iirfia^ov ivfifia/^El 
i^Eivai TTUQ bnoTEQOvg dv dQtanTjTai iXdEiv. 3. nai daivov el 
toiads i^sv dno te tojv EVGTZovdmv 'iatai tiXtjqovv rag vavg 'Aai ttqog- 
tzi xal EK iTjg dlXr]g 'EXXddog aal ovx ^aiGTa dno z^v vfXEZtQoop 
V7ir]y.6(x)v, ?)fidg dt dno Tijg TTQOHSifxtvrjg te ^vfifxaxictg eIq^ovgi aal 
dno T/Jv dXXox^tv noOsv caqjaXEiagj elza Iv ddixijiJ^aTi d^^aovtai nai- 
odtrrmv vfiav d dsof^E&a. 4. noXv 8s iv nXsion aitia ri^sTg firj 
TTEiaavTEg vfxag s^ofiEv. 7]fiag fisv yaQ yavovvEvovzag Tiai ovk 
i)(^d^Q0vg ovTug dncoasa&E' toovSe ds ov^ oncog KmXvTai Eidqmv 
ovTcav 'Aoi iniovToav yEv/jasaO^Ey dXXd y^xi dno Tijg v^sTsgag dgp^g 
dvvaiAiv nQoaXa^Eiv nEoioipsa&s ijv oh dixaiov, dXX y ydxEivcov xoo- 
XvEiv Tovg ly, TTjg vfiEitQag maQoqiOQOvg, rj xac tj^Iv m^nsiv xaO^ 
0, Ti dv nEiadlqTE mcptlEtav, fidXiaTU ds dno tov ngoqiavovg ds^afii- 
vovg ^oridsiv. 5. noXXd ds, coansQ iv dg/^y vnEinopiEv, t« ^v(iq}SQovta 
dnodsinvvfisv ' y.ai ^t'yiatov on ol te avtot noXsfiioi rjfiTv 7]aav, ontQ 
aaqjEGidii] niazig, yai ovzoi ovx da&svEig, dXX txavot tovg fiETa- 
aidviag ^Xdxpai, ' yai ravTiyijg yai ovh ijnsiQcozidog Ttjg ^vfi^a^iag 
didofxsvtjg ov^ biiola rj dXXoTQicoaig ' dXXd [xdXiata, jMsV, eI dvvaa&Sy 
^Tjdtva dXXov idv yeyzijiy&ai vavg ' eI ds f^tj, oatig iyiyQcoTaTog, 
TOVTOV cpiXov syEiv. XXXVI. xai oio^ Tdds ^vficp^Qovta fisv 
doKEi Xsysa&aij qjo^sTzai de firj di^ avzd nsi^oi^Evog Tag anovddg 
Xvari, yvarco to {xsp dtdiog avtov Ic/yv syov TOvg ivavrlovg fj,dXXov 
'cpo^^aov ' TO ds daQOOvv ^ij ds^afxivov aa&svsg bv ngog icyyovTag 
TOvg iy&QOvg ddssatEQOv iaofxEvoVj yal afia ov nsQi T7jg KsQyvQag 
vvv TO nXsov 7] 'Aat T(6v 'AO^r^vojv ^ovXEvofisvog, y,ai ov Ta XQattata 
avzaig noovoav, oiav ig zbv fAsXXovTa yai oaov ov nanovia noXsfJiov 
TO avTiya nEoiayoncov, irdoid^ij yojQiov nQoaXa^eiv o ^lazd fxsyiazcov 
y^aiQwr olysiovzai te yai noXsixovzai. 2. Ttjg te ydq 'IzaXiag yai 
^rAsXiag yaXcog naganXov usTzai, ooazs fiijzs iysi&sv vavziybv iuaoci 
TlEXonovvtiaioig inEX&EiVj to te ivQirds ngog Tdysi naQuntfiipaif 



IS eoTKT/tiJOT zrrrPAfPii2\ 

nai ig TaXXa ^vfiqiOQcoTUTov Ian. 3. ^Qayvidzcp 5' av y,eq:aXatcp, 
ToTg re ^v^iTiaai xai. y.aO- ty.aazovj tq)5' uv [xt] ttqoso&ui Ijfidg ^ui- 
OoiTS TQicc f.iev ovta Xoyov u^ia ToTg "Ellriai ravzixdj to ttuq vftlf 
y.ai TO iifittSQOv 'Aai to KoQird^icov. rovrmv 5' ft nsQioxpaa&s ra 
duo fV Tavtov iX&eiv y.ai KoqivOiol 7]fj.dg TzgoxaiaXinxpovTai, Keq- 
KVQcaoig T£ yal UtXoTiorvf^aioig cqta vuvixaiiiGEze' de^uiievoi de 
ijlidg 8^STS TTQog avxovg TzXuoai vavai tatg vfiETtQuig uymviXEo&ai, 
roiavra fisv ol KeQXVQaToi einov ' ol ds KoqivOioi fiSt avzovg 
toidds. 

XXXVII. '^vayxaiov K^Qy^vQaimv Tavds oh fwvov tteqI tov 

di^^aaO^cii Gq)dg rov Xoyov 7zoi7]aafi8P(oVj dXX^ (og xal jj^isig ts ddi- 

yiovfitv y,ai avtoi oix elyoicog TzoXEfiovviai, firycOtPzag tiqwtov xat 

ill.idg TiEQi d(i.q^OTtQ(ov, ovzco nai ini zov dXXov Xoyov itvai, Iva zijv 

dcp Tjfiav zs d^icoaiv daqiaXiazEQOV 7TQ0Sid7jZEj y.ai zi]v zmdE XQEiav 

firj dXoylarcog aTzojarjoOs. 2. q)aal ds ^v^^aiiav did zo aacpQOv 

ovderog nm dt^auO^ai ' zo 8' etii yaxovnyia ncu ovh aQEzy iTzsz/jdEV- 

aavj ^vfjifxa^^ov za ovde'va ^ovXofxsvoi Tzgog zadiyij^aza olds ndqivqa 

fjEiVj ovzs 7iaQay,aXovvzEg aia'/ivEax}ai. 3. y,ut // TioXig avzmv 

dfxa, avzd^y,}] &toiv y.aifitvrj, naQkjEi avzovg diy.aazdg div §XdnzovGi 

zira, udXXov /} xazd ^vv&^^xag yiyisaOai, did zo rjy.iaza Im zovg 

naXag EynXtovzag [idXioza zovg dXXovg didyxri yazaigovzag dr/^E- 

a&ai. 4. y,dv zovzcpzo EVTZQEnEg uanovdoVyOvi ivafiij ^vradrAi^ao!)- 

oiv szEQOig, TTQO^t'pjjvzaiy dXX OTToog xazd fiovag ddi'AooGi, aai oncog 

iv m liEV dv ygaz^ai ^id^oivzai) ov 5' dv Xd&ooai tiXeov t/^coaiv, r^v 

ds 7Z0V zi TiQoaXd^ioaiVy dvaKj^vvTcom. 5. yairoi el r^aav dvdqEgy 

moriEQ cpaoLVy uya&oi\ oocp uXijtzioteqoi i^aav zoTg TTsXag, zoowds 

q;avEQ(aztQav i^rjv avzoTg zt^v dQEzrjv didovai yai ds)[OfA.t70ig za 

dtycaia dEixvvvai. XXXYIII. dXX ovze TTQog zovg dXXovg ovza eg 

?lfiug zoioids Eiaiv, aTZOiHOi ds ovzsg dqiEGzdci zs dia navzog aai 

rvv 7ToXE[AOvaf, Xiyovzsg cog ovk etiI zoj xayag ndayEtv ExnEficpOEi?]- 

GUV. 2. TiixsTg ds ovd^ avzoi qiafisv snl zcji vnh zovzcov v^Qi<^EG\^ai 

KazoiKiGaij dXX etu zco rjyEfj.6v£g zs slvai y,ai zd Eixoza d^avfiui^c' 

G&ai. 3. al yovv dXXai dnoiyiai ztfiOJGiv ijiidg aai (iaXiGza vno 

dnoi'Acov GZEQyofiE&a, 4. y,al dJjXov ozi, si zoig nXioGir aQtaxov- 

zsg EGiiEVy zoTad' dv [lovoig ovx OQ&cog dnaQEGAOiiiEv, ovd^ EniazQa- 

WEvoifiEv ixTTQETimg fiT] yal 8 acfEQovzcog zi ddiaovfieroi. 5. yaXop 



LIB. I. CAP. XXXIX. XL. 1^ 

5* TjVf ft vmI t'lfiaQTavoi-isv, roTads fisv ei^ai rrj TjfiezeQn OQyi], ruit 
ds ahj^Qov ^idoaad-ai 7t]v tovtcov {.isTQioTJjTa. 6. v^qsl ds y.at 
i^ovain nloviov 7io)jyi ig iifxag u.l.la ze 7]f/.aQzrjxaat, xui Enida- 
fAvov 7]fxsT8Qav ovaavxaiiov[isvt]v fitv ov jiQoasTTOtovvto, iXd^ovTcov ds 
7jfiav im jifxoDQia sXovzsg ^la 'i'^ovai. XXXIX. 'Aai cfaui dij 
dimj 7tq6t£qov i&tlijaai nQivEGd^ai, r^v ys ov tor nqoviovra aai in 
zov daqiaXovg TTQOxaXovfisvov 7Jy8(v ti doxeiv dei, dXXd lov i-g laov 
id 78 £Qya Ofioimg v.ai zovg loyovg tiqiv diayoovi^eGOaiy.aOiatdvTa. 

2. OVXOL (5' ov TTQIV 7I0).l0Q'A£Tv TO X^QLOV, d)X 871 Eld/] tjytJGaVTO 

ij{xdg ov 7T8Qi6\p8(y&ai, tots y.al to svTZQsneg Tijg dixrjg naQto^iovro, 
-AM, dsvQO ijxovGiv ov Tuxsi fiovQv avTol dixaQzovTsg, dXXu jicil vficcg 
vvv dt,iovvx8g ov ^vfifia'/^tiv dXXd ^vvadixeTv y.at diaqioQOvg ovzag 
rj/Aiv d8-i£a&ai aqidg ' 3. ovg XQ^jv ots daqjaXtGiazoi ?;cr«y, tots 
TTQoadvai, zal ^t] iv cp i^fisTg f^fv ridm/ifisOa, ovzot da yivdwEvovai, 
fifjd' iv cp viiBig Trig ^* dvvdfiEoag avTOJV tozs ov fiSzaXa^ovTEg Tijg 
(oqeXsiag vvv fiSTadcoasTS, aai Tmv df/iUQTrnidToov dnoyevoiiEvoi zTig 
dcp 7]fiav aiziag to igov t^szs, ndXai ds yoivmaavzag ziiv dvva(nv 
Tioivd yal za dno^aivovza sisiv. XL. 03g fisv ovv avzoi ts f^tsza 
TiQoarfAovzojv iyKXijfidzcov SQio^isd^a yai olds ^laioi yal 7zX80Vb'xTat 
sial dtd/]XcoTai ' 2. cog ds ova dv dixcuosg avzovg dtjoiaOs fiadsiv 
'(^QTi. 81 ydq s'lQtiTai Iv zaig cnovdaig i^sivai tzuq bnozsqovg zig 
TMV dyQdcfOdv TzoXsav ^ovXstcu iXd^siv, ov ToTg sm ^Xd^rj stsqcov 
lovaiv Tj ^vvx^tjXTj iaziv, dXX oazig (xi] dXXov avzov dnoazsQiav dacfo.' 
Xsiag dsTzai, y.ai oazig fiij zoig ds^afisvoig, si 6oocpQOvov<Jij noXs- 
fiov dpT 8iQ7]vr^g noin'iasi ' o vvv vfisTg fi?] nsi&ofisvoi rjixlv nd&oiTS 
dv. 3. ov yuQ zoiads fiopav snUovQOi dv ysvoia&s, dXXd yai. r/fxTv 
dvzl ivanordcov noXsixioi. dydyxij ydq, si i'zs fisz' avzav, xal diiv- 
vsa&ai iJU] dvsv vfi&v zovzovg. 4. xaiTOi diaaioi y saTs ^idXiaza 
lilv ixTzodcov azijvai d^cpozsQoig ' si ds fi^, zovvavziov stzI zovzovg 
fisd^ 7]fxav livai' KoQiv&ioig fxt'v ys honovdoi sgts, KsQxvQaioii; 
ds ovds di dvaxo3X7Jg namoT syivsaOs ' yea tov vo^ov fxi] yad^i- 
CTdvai dxyzs zovg szsqcov dcpiaza^isvovg dijEa&ai. 5. ovds ydn ?]fX8ig 
Zaiuoav aTzoazdvzav iprjcpov TtQoas&siisd^a ivavziav vfAiv, tojv 
dXXoDV IIsXoTiovvTjGicov di'/cc sxp^qiia {xsv Cxiv si j^gy avzoTg dfxvvsiVj 
cpavEQmg ds dvTsiTZOfisv Tovg TZQoaijxovTag ^vfiftd^^ovg avzov ziva 
xoXdl^siv. 6. siyuQ Tohg yay.ov Ti dQoovzag ds^ofxcvoi Tf{X(OQmszSf 



20 oorKT^iJOT ^TrrPA'iiii2. 

(puvHxai KCLi a rav vfiETtgcov ovh iXdaaco rjfiiv TtQOGEisi, nal 70f 
vofxov i(p vfuv avToTg fj.aD.ov /; iq) rnuv x^z/creTe. XLI. 5/x«taj- 
liara filv ovv rdds tiqo^ vnug 8/0{AEr, ixara y,aTu zovg 'E}.h]v(ov 
rcfiovg, TzaQcuvEaiv ds y.al uiioociv '/cwitog roiupde, r^p ovx r/\}QOi 
ovzeg (aaiE ^XduTEiv, ovd^ uv cpiXoi ojgz ETTtxQija&ai, dvndodyipai 
tlfAiv iv TQ} naqovri q^afiEV ^qT^vci. 2. vEmv yuQ fia'AQOJV anaviaav- 
tig noTE TTQog zov ^lyirr^zcov vtzeq za Mi]dixa TiolEfiov, tzuqu 
KoQivOicov EiHoai vavg eXu^eze' kui tj EVEQyEoia avzij ze xai /; eg 
^ufjiLOvgy zb di i,fidg IJEXoTzovvT^movg avzoTg fit] ^o^dliaai, nagt- 
oy^Ev vfiiv ^iyivi]Z(^v fiEv inrnQazr^csiVj 2^a(zi(ov 8s noXaaiv, 3. aai 
iv xaiQolg zoiovzoig iyEVEzo oig [.ixXiaza dv^Qconoi, in Ef(^qovg 
zovg oqiEztQovg lovzEg, zmv ndvzcov anEoionzoi slat noLQa zb viy.dv. 
q:iXov ZE yuQ jjyovvzca zov vnovQyovvza, tjv aai tzqozeqov ijn^x^Qbg ij^ 
noXtuiov ZE zbv dvziczdvza, r^v xai tv'iij qiXog coy, criEi xui za 
oixEia x^^^^ zi&Evzai qiXovEivuag tvivux zijg avzixa. XLII. cov 
EvOvfir^Ot'vTEgy nai vEo^zEQog zig TzaQO, fJQEO^vztnov amd fiudoov.^ 
d^iovzco zolg oiioioig ijfidg dfivvEaO^aiy :iul [xtj vofxiaij di'/.aia fisv 
zdds Xt'yEa&aij ^i'fiq:oQa 8e, eI noXEfiricEi, dXXcc flvai. 2. z6 ze 
yoLQ ^vficpt^QOv, iv (p dv ztg iXd'/i(JTa a^xaoTayrif fidXiaza ETiEzai' 
Ttcu zb (ieXXov zov TToXtfiov, oj cpo^ovvzEg vfidg Keq'avqcuoi 'aeXev- 
ovGiv udrAEiy, iv dcpavEi hi 'AEizai, 'Aal ovx d^iov inuqdivzag avio^ 
q)arEQUv f/OQUv r^8i] -auI oh fiiXXovGav TTQog KoQiv&iovg yai'^uaaOaij 
zT^g ds vnanyovarig tiqozeqov did MEyaqlag vno\p(ag 6w(fQ0v 
vqisXEiv fidXXov. 3. ?} ydg zeXevzuiu x^Q^? xaigbv 'ixovaay adv 
iXdaaav ^, dvrazai fiEi^ov EyxXviia Xvaai. 4. jM/^5' ozi vavziHov 
tL'(j}xaxiav iiEydXijv didoaai, zovzcp iqiXy^Eade. zb ydg fii] ddixEiv 
zovg ofioiovg i^vQiozEQa dvvaftig, 7] ro) avzixa cpavEQcp inaQd^Evrag 
did y.ivdvrav zb nXiov e/eiv. XLIII. rnxElg ds TJEQiTZETZzcoxozEg otg 
iv zij Aa'AE8ai\iovi avzoi nQOEinonEVy zovg cqjEZEQOvg ^viJ{A.dyovg 
avzov ZLva xoXdl^EiVf vvv nag' vfjioiv zb avzb d^iov[xEv xofii^EdO^aij 
xal fit] zy TjfiEZEoa xpi'jqjcp <x)(pEXri&Evzag zr^ vfiEzlga r^fidg ^Xdxpui. 
2. zb 5' laov dvzanodozE, yvovzEg zovzov iy.Eivov Etvai zbv xaiQov, iv 
cti o ZE VTZOvgyoDV cpiXog fidXiaza y.ai 6 dvziazdg ix^Qor. 3. uat Keq- 
xvQaiov'g zovadE fxijzs ^vfifid^ovg dixEG&E §ia i^/noov ft^ze dfJihVEZB 
avzoTg ddixovai. 4. xal zdds noiovvzEg zd TTQoa^xovzd .r\ S^ac ^s 



LIB. I. CAP. XLIV— XLVL 21 

xcji xa uQtazcL ^ovlevaEaOs vfiTv avroTg. zoiavta ds xat ol KoqiV' 
&101 drtov. ^ -^i ^ C 

XLIY. ^Adr^vaXoi ds daomavzeg afAqiortQoov, yEvofisn]? y.ai 
dig rAyJjjaiugj ty fiev nqOT^QCi ov'i ijaaov zoov KoQivOlmv aneSt^av- 
TO tovg Xoyovg, iv ds tij voxeQCua fisityvojGav KeQxvQaioig ^viifia- " 
liav fi£v fiTj TioiijGaaOai, aGzs zovg avzovg i'/^&QOvg aai q;ilovg 
pofii^eiv, £1 yaQ ml Koqiv&ov ixtXevov ccfioiv ol Keq-avquToi ^vu- 
nXeiv, ilvovz av avzoTg at TZQog TLelonovvriGiovg CTiovdai, i^zifla- 
'/[iav ds iTTOiTJaavzo zr^ akX^loiv ^07]d^£Tv, idv zig im KtQHVQav uj i] 
'Axy/jvag t} TOvg zovtcov ^vmidiovg. 2, idonsi yuQ 6 nqog TIslo- 
■jzovr7jGiovg TzoXsf^og not cog sGsa&ai avzoTg, aal Z7jv KtQxvQav 
i^ovlovzo [it] TiQoio&ai KoQivx^ioig vavziy.ov t^ovaav zoaovzovy 
^vyx^ovsiv ds ozi fxdXiaza avzovg dlXijXoigj ivcc dad^sveazsQOig 
ovGiPy Tjv zi dsrij KoQiv&ioig ze y,al zoTg dXXoig vavziKov s/ovaiv ig 
noXsfiov aadiazcovzai. 3. afia de zTjg ze 'IzaXiag xal 2^iy,sX(ag 
KuX^g iqfaivszo avzoTg i] vjjaog iv 7iaQdn7.o^ y.Ha&ai. 

XLY. Toiavzri fuv yv(6(jiri' ol ^Adrivaioi zovg KsQxvQaiovg 
TZQOOEdt^afzo, y>at zo^v KoQivO^iwv dnsXd^ovziov ov noXv v6Z£qov 
dt'xa ravg avzoXg a7T£az£iX(iv ^oi]&ovg. 2. iazQazi^yEi ds avzoov 
yia}(£dai{.i6vi6g zs 6 Ki^Kavog yai ^lozi^og 6 2!zQ0[Ji^lipv y.al 
IjQazt'ag 6 "EniyXtovg. nQosTnov ds avzoTg fii] vavf^a/^ETv Koqiv- 
&io[g, 7]v [xf] £711 KtQ'AVQav TrXtcoai, y.ai fie'XXcoaiv dno^aivEiv // £g 

ZOOV £'A£lV(xiV Zl 1COQlOdV\ 3. OVZCx) ds 'A(xiXv£lV y.aZCC dvva^UV. 7IQ0- 

£Tnov ds zavza zou fiifXvsiv £V£Aa zdg cnovddg. al ^Iv di] vTJEg !' 
dcfixvovvzca ig ztjv KtQxvQav. 

XLVL 01 ds KoQiv&toi, iTzsidfj avzoTg 7Tan£a>i£vaazo, shXeov 
£711 zijv KiQ'Avqav vavGi 7T£vzrfA0vza yai iyazov. ijaav ds ^ID.Eicav 
fikv dtAU, MsyuQmv dt dadsy.a xai ylsvzadicov drAU, ^AfXTZQaytcozap 
ds S7TZU yai £i'Aoai xal ^AiaxzoQioiv |u/a, avz^v ds Koqiv&icov irEvrj- 
Kovza. 2, oTQazijyoi ds zovzcov ijaav iisv y.ai yaza noXsig exa- 
azojv, KoQiv&LCOv ds !^£iOA7Mdt]g 6 EvOvAXiovg TZs^Tizog avzog, 
3. in£id)j ds TTQOotfAi'^av z7j y.ard Ktqy.vQav 7j7Z£iQq} aTtb AsvAudog 
nltopZ£g, oQuiXorzui ig Xsii-itQiov zJjg OsGTtQcozidog yrjg. 4. 'iazi 
ds Xifi/^v, yai 7T6Xig vtzsq aviov y.sTzai kno y)aXdGar^g iv t^ ^EXafd- 
Ttdi zJjg QsGTTQcozLdog 'Eq)VQV. e^eigi ds TTaQ* avzrjv \4'i£Q0VGia ~ 
Xqivri ig {^dXaGoav. did ds zT^g OEG/iQcozidog ^Ay^^sQav TTOzafiog 



22 QOTKrAiJOT ZTrrPAam^. 

Ovafiig TZOTafiog, oQit^cov ttjv QaaTTQcoTida xal Ks6rQiv7]Vj osv Ivihg 

ij dnQfi a.VVfJil TO XeifAEQlOV. 5. ol flSV OVV KoQlvdlOl Tijg 7jn8lQOV 

ivravda oQiAi'^ovzat re xai, gtq(x,t67ts8ov STioiijaarTO. 

XLYII. Ol 8s KeQ'/.VQaioi cog r^a0ov70 aviovg TiQOunliovTag 
nhjQKiaavTEg Staa xui exajov ravg, ojp ^qx^ MarAidSr^g y,ai Aht^L 
8rig yuu EvQv^atog, saTQazoTiESevaavto iv fiiii rav v^acov al yicdovt^ 
rai J^v^ora' y.al al 'u47nHal 8£Ha Tzagrjaav. 2. ettI 8e ty Aev- 
Kifivq avtoTg t(^ daQooTr^Qicp 6 TZE^og 7]v xal Zaxvvd^imv i^Xioi otiXl- 
rai ^8^o?]0^i]H6Teg. 3. r^aav 8s aai roTg KoQiv&ioig iv zri 7]7TS(qm 
TToXXol zav ^ag^dghv 7Taga^s^07]0'}]y,»-TEg. ol ydg ravTJj qnEiQmrai 
dai 7I07E avToTg cpO.oi Eioiv. 

XLVIII. 'EtzeiS}] 8s naQECfyEvaaxo loTg KoQivdioig, la^ovTsg 
TQiav 7]fiEQ0jr oiTia dvTjyovzo wg mi vavnaflav dno tov Xsij^eqiov 
vvxiogj nai a^ia scp nlsovTEg yaOogmai rug toov Ksgy.vQaiwv vavg 
usTECQQovg ZE y.ai etzi oqjdg nXsovaag, 2. wg 8s y.arEi8ov d).).}'jXovgj 
avjinaQErdaaovrOf etzi (asv to 8e^iov 'Asgag KEQy.vQalcav al ^Att rMii. 
v~iEg^ TO 8s dXXo avzoi etzeTxov TQta TtXrj Tzoir^aavTEg tojp veojv, ojp 
tjn^E TQiav GTQazr^yav E/>dazov slg. /3. ovzco (asv KsQy.vQaXoi izd" 
^avTo. KoQiv&ioig 8s to jusp 88^iov xtQag al MsyaQiSsg vlqEg Evfov 
y.ai al 'Afi77oa'Ai(aTi8£g ' y,aTa 8s to y-taov ol dXXoi ^vfifia)(^oi, cog 
sy.aGzoi ' Evcovvfiov 8s nt'gag avzol ol Kogiv&iof, Taig dgiara T(hv 
vEchv nXeovaaig, xazd zovg 'u4&r]vaiovg aai to 8£^ibv Tav Ksg'AV- 
gaioav eV/ov. ' 

XLIX. Aviini^avTsg 8s E71Ei8)] to. arjfiEia inaTEgotg ijg&rj 
ivavfidxovv, noXXovg ^ilv bnXizag sfovTEg diicfozsgoi etu t^v yaza- 
aTQOifidTcoVy TZoXXovg 8s zol^ozag te yai dyovziuTag, too 7za7^cn6; 
zgoTiq) driEigoTEgov sri TzagEaysvacjfiEPOi. 2. r^v ze ij ravfia^ia yag 
Tsgd zri ^sv zexvij ov^ Ofxoiag, Tzsl^ofiaxia 88 to tiXeov ngoacpEgrjg 
ovaa. 3. ETTEiSfj yag rzgoa^dXXoisv dXXijXorgy ov gaSicog dizEXvov to 
VTioTE 7iX7j&ovg yol o'/}.ov Tav vsav, ical (idXXov zi niazEvovzEg zoig 
Em TOV xazjx,6zgc6{.iaTog onXizaig ig z^v vih7]v, ol yazaazavrsg sfia- 
10VT0 ijGvia^ova&v tmv vEcav. Stt'y.TzXoi 8' ovy rjaav, dXXa d^vfic^ 
' yru gcofii] TO nXiov ivaviid'iovv y iTnan'ifArj. 4. navzayji ^sv ovf 
nnXvg d^ogv^og xal TagdxcaSrjg tjv ij vav^a^iat iv rj al ^Azziyai rJjEg 
Tzanayiyvo^Evai zoTg Ksgyvgaioig] ei ni] mit^oirzo, cf6§ov ^isv nagsi- 



LIB. I. CAP. L. LI. 23 

10V loiq ivavTioig, fidyjjg ds ovk '^qxov, dediozeg ol arQarriyoi jrjv 
TZQOoorjaiv z^v ^Ad^^vaioav. / 5. ftdhaToc ds to de^iov 'AtQag tojp 
KooivOiayv iizovei' ol ydg KsQXVQaioi £i>i06i vavoiv avzovg rocT/;«- 
jMfcTOt y.al xaiadia^avzeg anoQadag eg zriv ijtteiqov, fAt^Qi tov czQa- 
zonb8ov nlevauvieg avr^v %al ins'A^dvzeg ifSTZQtjGdv zs zdg ayjjvdg 
eQtjfAOvg y.al zk f^qrmoLza ditjjtQaaav. 6. zavzr} {ilv ovv ol Koqiv- 
{>ioi 'Aoi 01 ^vfxfiaxoi ijaaavzo ze yiai ol KsquvquToi may.Qdzovy. rj ds 
avzol ijffav ol KoqivO^ioi, etzI z^ ev(a)vvia.oj, noXv ivixavj zoTg Keqxv- 
QCiioig zwv eixoai rsmv dno iXdaaovog nXrjx^ovg in z7jg dico^Ecog ov 
TiaQOvaav. 7. ol 5' 'AdijvaToi OQOJVzsg zovg KsQy.VQa.Lovg 7zie^oiA.8- 
vovg ^lalXov i\bri dTTQoqjaalaTcog InEKOVQOvv, zo fisv ttqojzov dn?:fO' 
ixeroi wazE iiij e{A^id)J.8iv zivl' ettei 8s i) ZQom] sysvEzo laiinQag y.ai 
Evsysivzo ol KoQiv&ioi, zdzs dt] sQyov nag u^iszo rfii] yai diEy.txQizo 
ovdh szi, dlXoe, ^vvETZsasv sg zovzo dvdyxrjg, coazs E7zixsiQ7]aac ul).^- 
 loig zovg KoQivOiovg not ^Ad^ipaiovg. L. zijg ds zQomjg ysvo^Evrjg 
ol KoQivOiOL za cydcprj iisv ovi sikyov dradoviASvoi zav vemv ag 
KazadvaEiaVf TtQog 8s zovg dvOQcoTzovg ETQcinovio cporsvEiv disyTzls- 
ovzsg (j.ulXov 1] ^(xtyQEiv' zovg zs avzcov qiiXovg, ovk aiaO^ofisroi on 
yaG}]VT0 ol ETzl ZO) ds^Kp yJQCi, uyvoovvzsg sazeivov. 2. ttoXIcov yuQ 
rsMv ovaav dfxqjozt'Qcov aal Ini nolv z7/g ■&aXd(jGt]g etze'iovgcoi', 
ETZEibq ^vvt'fii^av dXX}]Xoigy ov Qadicog ztjv didyvcoaiv inoiovvro 
hnoXoi iyQazovv rj i:<Qazovvzo. vav/^a/^ia yccQ avzq EXXipi TTQog 
EXXi]vag teojv nXiq&Ei [uyiaztj dt] zcov ttqo iavzijg ysyEvr^zai. 
3. ETTEidi] ds xazedica^av zovg KsQxvQUiovg ol KoQivdioi ig zr^v j'^r, 
TZQog za vavdyia ya\ zovg vE^QOvg zovg acpszsQovg EZQanovzOj x«« 
z(i)v nXsiGzoav EyQazijaav coaze TTQoaxofiiaai TTQog za 2Jv^oza, oi 
avzoig 6 yaza yl]v azQuzhg zoSv ^aQ^docav TTQoas^s^orjd^riyEi. sail 
ds la ^v^oza zijg QsGTTQOizidog Xifir^v sQrjfiog. 4. zovzo ds nou]- 
oavzsg av&ig ddQOiad^tvzsg mrnXsov zoTg KEQnvQaioig. ol ds jaig 
nlotfioig yai oaai rjcav Xomai (XEzd zcav 'A'zziy^v vEm> yai avzol 
uvtettXeoVj dsiaavzEg fA.i] sg ztjv yJjv (jq}6iv tieiq^civ dno^airsiv. 
5. i^di] ds r^v 6\ps y.ai Insnamnazo avzoTg cog eg eTziTzXovv, x«t ol 
KoQiv&ioi e^anivfjg nQVfJLvav exQovovzo, Kazidorzsg EiHoai vavg (yV 
'AOr^vaicov TTQOGTzXEOvGag' ag vazsQov zcov dt'ycc ^orjO^ovg i^sTTSu- 
ij-uxv ol ^AdiivaToi, dsicsavzEg, onsn iysvEzOy urj viyiiO^caaiv ol KsQyv- 
Qcuoi y.ai al aqiEzsQai dtxa vtjsg oXlyca dixvvEiv g^cji. LI, zaizag 



24 OOTKTAIAOT ZTrrPA<DII2. 

ovv TTQoidovreg ot KoQiv&ioi,'Aat vnoromjaavieg an '^&)]rav eJvui, 
0V1 ouag ecoQav alia nXeiovg, VTiavEyooQOvv. 2. rolg ds KeQ'AVQai- 
o(g, BntTzXsov yan fiallov iy. rov dqjavovg, oi'/ tcoQavTo, xul iOav- 

Y fxu^ov 70vg KoQivdiovg TTQVfirav 'AQOvofxhovg, ttqiv iirsg idovct-; 

yjf ^shiov on tr^eg i^Tvai iniTiXeovai' tote Ss xcu cutoI urex(^Q0VP. 
^vveaaozal^e yaq r^dij, aai ol KoqipO^iol anoiqano^iEvoi jrjv didXvoi'P 
iTzoiijaavTO. 3. ovtco fisv rj uTial/Myt] ^ytvEio dX)jjl(x)v, nal ?j rav- 
fia'(i(i EJsXavra ig vvhtu. 4. joTg KEQ'AVQCuoig ds oTQatonedavofie- 
voig BTii 77/ ^evy.ifU'^ at eiyoai vijsg at ano rav 'y^O^rfiav avraij cov 
ijQ)r6 rXav'AOdv T£ 6 AsdyQOv yiai 'Ardoxidi^g 6 ^ecoyoQOV, did zav 
rsxQOJV y.ai ravayicov 7ZQoay.ofiiad^£iaca, yartTiXEOv ig zo arQazouE 
8oVj ov TToXXio V6ZEQ0V ij (aq)&r]aav. 5. ol ds KEQxvQaToi, r/v j'«(. 
vv^, iq:o^ii&t]aav ^itj noXtfiiai ojaiv, tTZEiza ds syvooaav 'acu coq- 
uiaavTO. 

LII. Tij 8s vazEQaia dvayofXEvai at zs 'Azzi'Aoi rqidy^ovza vT^eg 
xal zmv KsQ'AVQaiav oaai nXmixoi ijaaVj ETitTzXEvaav sni zov iv zoTg 
^v^oTOig Xi[itvay Iv q) ol KoQivd^ioi coQfiovVy ^ovXofiEvoi Eldtviu ei 
Tcivfiax7]60vaiv. 2. ol 8s zdg fisv favg dqavzEg dno z7]s y^jg aai 
7Tanaza^d[XEroc juezscaQOvg rjavx^t-^ov, ravfia^iag ov diavooviiEvoi 
dnyuv sAOvzsgj oncovzsg TTQoaysyEvrniivag ze ravg ix zav ^Adt]v&v 
d'AQaiopi'sTg yai ccfiai TioXXd zd dnoQcc ^vu^e^}]y,6za, ar/jiaXcozcov zs 
tieqI cpvXayjig, ovg Iv zaig ravaiv e7)(^ov, aal IniaHEvijv ovy. ovoav zojv 
vEav iv XcoQicp iQijficp. 3. zov 8s oiyaSs nXov ^idXXov 8iEoy.6novv 
onr^ nofLiGd^]]60vzai, 8£8i6zEg fttj ol '/^Or^vaioi vofiiaavzEg XeXvaOai 
zdg GTTOvddg, 8i6zi ig i^iQag i/X&ov, ova imai Gcpdg aTzonXsiv. 
Llll. 'ido^Ev ovv avToTg dv8Qag ig 'aeXi]tiov in^t^daavzag uvev 
'AYiQVAEiov, TTQoani^xpai zoTg 'u4&r]vaioig y.ai tzeTquv TzoitjuaaO^ai. 
nifiipavzig ze EXsyov zoid8£. 2. ''A8iy,£izE, ia dvdQsg 'A&ijvaioi, 
TioXifiOv uQXOVTEg yui 6nov8dg XvovzEg. rjfiiv yuQ TzoXefiiovg zoig 
tjiiEzinovg zifKaQOVj-iivoig ifXTiodcov lazaa&E onXa dvTaiQOfiEvoi. ei 5' 
I'fuv yvmurf iaz) acoXvecv ze iiudg in] KtQAVQav ij dXXoGS ti ttoi ^ov- 
X6(AE0-a nXELV, y.ai zdg anovdag Xvete, Ijfidg zovads Xa^ovTsg ttqco- 
Tov iQij^aaO^E cog 7To7.E[iiotg. 3. ol fisv drj zoiavra eIttov %wv 8s 
Keqavqcu'cov zo fisv czQazonsdov oaov inriAOVGEVy drs^oijaEv EvOvg 
Xa^Eiv ZE avzovg not dnoAZEivai. ol dl ^Ad^vaToi zoidds utieaqi- 
vavzo. 4. OuzE ccQ^of^Ev TioXi/AOVf c3 drdQFg nsXonovrtjaioi, ovze 



LIB. I. CAP. LIV — LVI. 25 

zag cnovdag Xvofiev ' KsQHVQaioig de roTads ^vi^fiaxoig ovai po7]&oi 
i]ld^O[isv. ei fisv ovv aXlo6s noi ^ovXsa&e tzXeTv, oh xcolvoiisv ' eI ds 
imKtQxvQav 7z1ev6H6\}s. // Ig rmv ixeivoov zi )[a)oioov, ov TzeQioxpofAeO^a 
• HCita TO dvvazov. JAY. roiavza zav '^&i]raio3v ano'AQivan'cvcoVy 
01 fisv KoQivd^ioi rov ts tzIovv zov In oiy,ov TzaQsaHEvd^ovio, ycai 
TQonaXov sazijcav iv zoXg iv rfi '^tzeiqco Xv^otoig ' ol ds Ksq-avquToi 
Tci IE vavdyia yioi vE'AQovg dvEiXovzo za y.aza aq)ccg, E^EVEi&Evza 
vno zs zov Qov aal dvEfiov, og jEvoiiEvog zijg vvxzog diEaatdaaev 
avza Tiavzax'tj, }(al zqonaiov dvzEazjjaav iv zoTg iv zy Ti]6q> J^v^o- 
zoig cog vEvixrj^iOZEg. 2. yvcofxij de ixdzEQOL zoiads z?]v tixtjv tzqog- 
ETTOnqaavzo. KoQivOioi fisv xQaz^aavzEg zy vaviia^ia iie^qi vvy.zog, 
coffr* ital vavdyia nXEiaza xa/ VEHQOvg nQOU'AO^iiaaa&ai, xal dvdqag 
E^ovzEg aixfiaXcoTOvg ovy, iXdaaovg liXioaVj vavg zs xazadvaavzsg 
jzeqI i^doixi^aovza, saztjaav ZQonaiov KsQ-AVQaioi ds zQidaovza 
vavg fidXiaza diacp&EiQavzsg, 'acu STZEidt] 'A\^^vaXoi fjXd^oVj dvEXofis- 
vol za xazd acpdg aviovg vavdyia y.ai vEXQOvgy y.ai ozi avzoTg zy zs 
nqozEQaia TZQVfivav yiQOvofZEvoi vTZE^coQi^aav oi KogivOioi idovzeg 
zag 'Azzmag vavg, aal ETZEid)] i/Xx^ov ol Ad^)]vaTo(, ovx avzinXsov tx 
zojv 2^v^6z(X)Vj dia zavza zQOTzaiov sozTjaav. ovtoj {aev ixdzsQoi vi'aolv 

Ij^tOVV ^■' 

LY. Ol ds KooLVxyioi ciTZOnXeovzEg in oixov 'Ava'AZoqiov, o 
iaziv ini toj qzouaii zov 'AfinQaxrAOv y.oXnov, slXov dndry ' ?}y ds 
aoivov KEQxvQaioov yiai ixEivojv ' nai Tcazaaz^aavzsg iv avzm Koqvv- 
-Oiovg ola^zoQag dvE'/c6Q?]aav in oihov, xal zoov KsQy.vQaimv oxza- 
y>0(Jiovg fiEVf oi yaav dovXoi, dnsdovzo, 7tEVZ7J'AOvza ds yal diay.ouiovg 
dt^aavzsg icf.vX'aaaov y.at iv dsQansui ec/ov noXXy, onmg avzoTg zr^v 
KsQy.vQav dra'icoQtjcjavzsg nQoanoirjGEiav. izvyjavov ds nal dwd^isi 
avzbjv ol nXsLOvg ngazoi ovzsg ztjg noXscog. 2. rj fuv ovv KsQyvQa 
ovzco TZEQiyiyi'Ezai tw noXsiico zojv KoQiv&imv, xat al vXjtg zojv 
Ad^Tjvaicov dvE'/^ojQ7]aav f| avzXjg. alzia ds avzri ngmzj] iysvszo zov 
7ZoXs{iov zoTg KoQiP&ioig ig zovg ^A&rivaiovg, ozi acfjimv iv ojzovdaTg 
fiEza KsQAVQaicov ivavixd'invv. a 

LVI. Msza zavza d' EvOvg y,al zdds ^vve^tj ysviax^ai !/^t>;/. 
vaioig y,a\ IlEXonorvi^aioig didqsoqa ig zo'nolEfiETv. 2. z(^v yaQ 
KoQiv&L03v TTQaaaoPzav onoog zificaQr^aovzai avzovg, vrzozonr^aav' 
zEg Z7]v 'ii&Qav avzcov ol \4\}ijvaioi Tlozidaidzag, ol ohovaiv im 

2 



r^ 



26 ooTKTJiJor ATrrPAfi>ii2, 

tw la&fi^ Ttjg TlaXX^vTjgj KoQtv&imv olttoihovs, savToov ds ^vfi^d^ 
Xovg gjoQOv vnaielelg, iy.ilEvov to eg UaXXrjrTjv TsT^og aaO^eXsiv xai 
buriQOvg dovvat, rovg rs inidrnnovQyovg ixTiEfiTTeiv, xal to Xoinov firj 
dt'isa&aij ovg y>aza siog e'aolcstov Koqiv^iol stze^itioVj dsiaavzeg fu] 
aTzoazaaiv vno ie IJEQdixxov nEi&ofisroi y.ai KoQivOicoVy jovg ti 
liXXovg Tovg em QnrcArig ^vvanoGTriacaai tVfifid)rovg. LYII. ravza, 
8s TTQog tovg UoTidaidtag o ^A&rivaToi TZQOTzaQEay.Evd^ovTO svdvg 
uEia t7jy iv Keqxvqk favfia^iav. 2. oi ts yag KoQivd^ioi (favEQwg 
r^d?] didcpOQOi ijaaVf IlEgdiHyiag te 6 '^XE^dvdQov ManEduvcov ^aai- 
XEvg ETTEnoXEiicoto ^vj-ifia'/og ttqoteqov yai cf.ilog coV. 3. hnoXEfiOi&t] 
8« oti <Ih7ati71(^ tcp savTOv ddEXq;(p yiol /isgda xoii'y TTQog dviov 
havtiovfiEVOig ol 'Adr^vaXoi ^vf^ifiayjav inoiriGavto. 4. dEdicog ts 
^ * 4. tTTQaaoEVf eg ts tijv ytaxedai^ora TTSfiTzcov onmg noXsnog ysvtjtai 
avToTg ngog JJeXonovvriuiovg, xai tovg KoQiv&iovg TtgoaEnoiElto tijg 
Ilotidaiag tvEna dnoatdasoag. 5. 7TQ0G£q)eg£ ds Xoyovg y.ai toTg 
Im Qgd'ATig XaXyA^svai y.ai Bortiaioig ^vraTZOGTTjvcu, rofu^av, el 
^vijfia)[a tavza 'iyoi ofxoga bvta ta ycogia, gaov av tov TToXefiov 
fiEZ avzav TZOiEiad^ai. 6. cov ol 'A&rjvaToi alcOofJLEvoi aai ^ovXo- 
uEvoi TzgoxazaXu^^dvEiv tav noXscov tag ccTTOGtdcEtgy 'izvyov yag 
tgidxovza vavg aTZOattXXovtEg not ^iXiovg onXlzag etti tijv yrjv 
avtovj Agy^EGtgdtov tov Avi^op^dovg list dXXmv dtxa azgatrjyovv- 
tog, ETZicttXXovoi toTg ugy^ovai_ tav ve^v Ilozidatatmv ts ofx/jgovg 
Xa^Eiv y.ai to teTy^og ^iaO^EXEiv, toov ts n7,')]aiov ttoXscov qjvXay.r^v f/f»', 
07703? fir] aTZoat/jcjovTai. LYIII. Ilozidaidzai ds TttjixpavzEg (aev 
'<a] nag 'AO^r^vaiovg Trgta^eigj si Tzcog Tzsiasiav fxrj aqjmv nlgi vscots- 
t^ffv nrfiiv, iXOovzsg ds xal ig ti]v yia-Asdaqiova fisza Kogiv&imv, 
ftngaffaorl oTzcog szoifidaaivzo tifimgiav, ijv derj, STZSidfj ex ts !/^^^Jy- 
paiwv ly, noXXov ngdaaovtsg ovdsv 7]vgovzo STiit/jdEioy, dX)^ at v7]Eg 
at ETii Ma'Asdoviav y.ai sm cqdg ofxoicog ettXeov, xai ta tsXj] tap 
Aa'AEbainovUov VTisaxsto avtoTg, rjv im Ilozidaiav lonaiv 'A&fjraioij 
ig tijv ^ AttvAYiv la^aXsiVy tots dtj xata tov xaigov tovtov dcpiatar- 
tai fXEza XaXy.{dk03v xal Boztiaioav xomj ^vrofioGavtsg. 2. y.ai 
TlEgdixy.ag ttei&ei XaXy.idtag, tag etu d^aXdcfaij noXsig IxXmovrag 
xal xaza^aXovzag, dvo'VAiaaa-Oai Eg "OXvvOov, f.uaf ts noXiv tavrrjf 
hyygav TzoujaaaOai ' toig ts IxXinovai tovzoig t/^g savzov y7]g r7jg 
Mvydovlag nsgi t^v BoX^tjv Xijivr^v tdooxe vs'fisaOaif Ecog av 6 ngnq 



; 



i:{.<a.^a. 



LIB. I. CAP. LIX— LXII. 27 

^\}t]vaiovg 7z6Xs(i.og ?/. y,al ot [xlv avcpai^ovro ts y^ad^aiQovvzsg tag 
Tioltig xai ig nolef-iov TzaQsay.Evd^ovro. LIX. at ds rqidaovza 
rr^eg latv '^&t]vai(X)v dq:imiovpTai ig tcc ijii OoaxTjg, aal xaTaXafj,' 
4 l^dvovai 7?iv UoTidaiav y.ai tdlla dqjEazTjyioza. 2. vofiiaavieg 8l 
01 GTQatriyoi ddvvaia that nqog rs UsQdinnav noXefitip ry naQOvai^ ^ 
8vrdfi€i xai zd ^vvaq)E(jTaTa x^Q^^t TQtTTOVzai mi Ttiv MaxEdoriavj (jO 

ECp OTIEQ Hat to TZQOTEQOV E^ETTEfXTZOVTOj HUl '/tazaaidvTEg ETZoXtllOVP 

fiETu (Jiikinnov aai loiv zI^qBov ddsXcfav dvcodev ajQatia ia^s 
§Xrix6zG)v. 

LX. Kai Iv zovTcp ol KoQiv&iof, ZTJg UoTidaiag dqjEartjHviag 
■nai zap 'Azzi'Amv vE&iv nEQi Mansdoviav ommv, dsdiozEg tzeqI zoj \ 
Xcooirp acu oixeTov zov nirdwov ijyovfiEvoi, tze^tiovuiv iavzav rs 
idEXovzdgj aai zoov aXXcov FlEXoTTOvvijaicov fxiad^ TiEiaavzEg^ i^ayo- 
oiovg yai pXiovg tovg ndvzag onXizag y(u xpiXovg zszQayoaiovg. 
2. iazQazriysi ds avzmv '^QiazEvg 6 'y^dEifidvzov, yazd qiXiav zs 
avzov ovj^ i^ydaza ot nXElazoi i/, KoqivO^ov azgaziazac id^bXovzai 
^vvtiJTZovzo ' i]v ydq zoTg IIoTidaidzatg uei tzoze EniTrjdEwg. 3. nal 
dqiiyvovvzai zEaaaQaxoazij I'/f^tQa vgzeqov im 0QdH7]g y IJozidaia 
dniozij. LXI. ijXdE 8s xai zoig ^Adrjvaloig sv&vg i] dyysXia zmv 
tioXecov ozi dqiEGidai ' yai TZE'fiTTOvaiVj cog rja&dvzo xal rohg ^€zd 
'^QiazEOjg Enmaqovzag^ 8iapXiovg savzcov bnXizag y.ai zeaaaQdyov- 
za vavg nqog za dq^Eczmzay yai KaXXiav zov KaXXtddov TztfxTzzov 
avzov GZQazriyov. 2. ot dq^xofiEvoi. ig Maysdoriuv ttqoSzov y.aza- 
Xan^dvovai zovg TZQOztQOvg iiXiovg Oeq^tjv uqzi rjQjjxozag yal 
Tlvdvav noXioqy.ovvrag, 3. 7TQoay.aOt^6f4Evoi 8s yal avTol zijv 
Tlv8vav ETToXiOQyTjaav ^sv, mEiza 8s ^i'n^aaiv noirjad^iEvot yal 
^i\uuaxiav dvayxaiav nqog zov TlEQ8iyyav, (ag avzovg y.azi]7TEfyEv ij 
rioziSaia yal 6 AqiazEvg 7TaQEX}]Xv&c6g, aTiaridzavzat iy zT/g 
MayE8oviagf yai dqnyof/Evoi ig BsQOiav y.dyEl&Ev iniazQixpavzEg. 
4. yai TZEigdaavzEg nqazov zov x^qiov xai ov^ eXovzsg, inOQEvovzo 
yazd ytjv nqog zi^v TIozi8aiav, zQiG'/iXioig {xsv bnXlzaig iavzmv^ 
ll^moig 8e zm> ^vixfid^cov noXXoTg, InnEVGi 8s i^ayoaioig Maysdoroof 
zoTg (uzd <lHXir[nov yai riavaaviov ' Ufia 8s njsg TzaQt'TrXEOv s^do- 
fi^'AOvra. yaz oXiyov 8s TToai'ovzEg ZQizaioi dqjiyovzo ig rlymvov 
yai iarQaronE8Evaavzo. LXII. TIozi8aidzai 8s yai ol f^iEza 
*/fQiatc'aig TlEXonovr^Giot, 7TQoa8Ey6fiEvoi zovg AOtjvaiovg, iazqa- 



28 - eoTKTAiJOT ATrrpAd^ns. 

TOTzedsvovzo TTQog 'OXvv&q iv rw iG&f(Jj, xa/ ayoqav t^co trig ttoXeco^ 
iTZETiouivto. 2. aiQazriyov u€v tov 7tt^ov naviog ol ^vfifiayoi yQtiV' 
TO '^^161 tUf trig d€ iTiTiov negdixxuv^dTziaTTj yvcQ tvOvg ndliv 
rcay ^AO^iivaicov y.at ^vnfid)^ei roig nondaiccTaigj 'loXaov dvO^ 
avTOv xuTaoz^aag aQy^ovTa. 3. r^v ds tj yvcofiT] tov 'Agiazimg, tl 
uh fj.E&* eavTov OTQazoTiedov sy^ovn iv zoo hd^fioj iTnzrJQEiv zovg 
^A&tivaiovg, ?]v STziojai, XaX'Aidtag ds yial zovg e^o) iad^ov ^v{j(id- 
Xovg^ 'ACii zijv TzaQcc Heq^ikkov diaxoaiav innov iv 'OXvv&p fiEveiv ' 
y,cii ozav 'A&tjvaioi im aqidg ^oo^cacr/, yiaid vcozov ^or^d^ovvzag iv 
fxiaop noiEiv avzav zovg TZoXefiiovg. 4. KaXliag 5' av 6 zav ^AOt]- 
vcticav Gzqazrjog y.ai ol ^vvdQ)^0PZ8g zovg fiEV Blaxtdovag mniag 
xat zmv ^vfifidycov oXt'yovg im 'OXvv&ov dnonl^novGiVy onmg hq- 
yooai zovg ixalQev ini^ojj&HVy avzol d' dvaazTjaavzeg zo azQazons- 
dov iyaQOvv im zr^v Hozibaiav. 5. yai ETzeidt] TZQog zm la&fA^ 
iyivovzOj 'nal Eidov zovg ivavziovg nagacxEvai^ofxivovg cog ig fid'/7jt\ 
dvzina&iazavzo xal avzoL y>ai oh noXv vgteqov ^vvifuoyov. 6. yai 
avzo fiEV zo zov '^QiGzicog xs'gag, kcu ogoi tieqi. ixEivov ?jaav Ko- 
QivOicov ZE aal zmv dXXcov Xoyddsgj izgtxpavTO zb y.a&^ iavzovg xai 
iTiE^ljXO^ov dicoxovzEg im noXv ' zo ds dXXo gzqclzotze^ov zmv zs 
Tlozidaiazoov aal z^v llsXo7iovv)]6icov 7jgguto vtzo zcov 'y^&ijvaicov 
'AOL ig zo ZEiyog iiazEg)vyEvJ /-L^lll. inavaimQmv ds 6 '/^QiGzshg 
dnb z?jg dico^Eoag cog oqcc zo uXXo Gzgdzsvfia TjGGi]iitvoVj ijTzoQ^GS 
Itsv onozEQcoGE dia'Aiv8vvEVGTj ycoQ}]Gagy 7 im ziqg'QXvv&ov y ig zj]v 
HozidaiaVf ido^E 5' ovv ^vvayayovn zovg fJLExJt iavzov mg ig iXdyi- 
GTOV yicoQLOv, dooficp ^laGCiGx^ai ig zrjv IloTidaiav. y.ai /luntp.iyE 
TTUQa zjjv xtiXtjv did zTjg '&aXdGG7]g ^aXXo^Evog zs y,ai yaXsn^cogy 
oXlyovg ^liv zivag djio^aXcor, zovg ds nXsiovg GcoGag, 2. ol d* dnb 
tJjg 'OXvv&ov zoTg Tlozidaidzaig ^orj&oiy dniyEi ds sV]Mvzu iidXi- 
Gza Gzadiovg y.ai egzi }iazaq)avig, cog 7) i^d/rj iyiyvszo aai zu GTjfitia 
7^Q&7if §QCiyv l<-Ev zi 7iQo7]X&ov cog ^o7]07]GovzEg, y.tti ol May.sdovEg 
iTiTTJJg dvzina'nEzd^avzo cog acoXvaovzEg' iTiEid^j ds did zd^ovg rj 
vUi] ZMV 'Adiiraicov iyiyvszo y.ai zd Gii^Eia aazEG^zaGOtjy ndXiv 
inavsy^coQOVv ig zb zsT^og ycai ol Ma'Asdovsg nuQa zovg lA&tjraiovg' 
iTTmjg d' ovdEZEQOtg naQsyivovzo. 3. iistd ds zr,v iidy^v zQonaiov 
saztjGav ol 'A&)]vaioi nal zovg TEHQOvg vnoGnovdovg dnidoGav roig 
Tlozidaidzaig. dniOarov ds Ilozidaiazcov iilv na] zcov ^viiiidy^cof 



LIB. 1. CAP. LXIV— LXVII. . 29 

oXiycp iXd^aovg TQianocicov, 'u4&i]vaio3v ds avtcov Tzevrr^y.ovTa xa) 
ey.atov y.al KaXliag 6 GTQari]y6g. LXIV. lo d" in tov iad(A.ov 
TH'^og Evdvg ol ^Ad^Jjvaioi anoTei'/jGavTeg iq>QOVQ0vv ' lo 8' ig rrjv 
Uallijvfjv dzsi'/^KJjov iiV ov yaq ly.apoi ivo^u^ov dvai ev re T(p 
lad^f^'M qiQovQsiv xcu ig t^v IlaXX^vTjv dia^dvrsg tsipl,eiVf dtdiotsg 
firj acfiaiv 01 IIoTidaiuTai xui ol ^vixiict'^oi yiyvofiivoig di](^a. eTn&aiv- 
Tca. 2. 'Aal nwddvoii^voi ol iv t^ noXu 'yi\)^7]t>aioi Ttjy Ualh'iv^v 
at Hilar ov ovaav, iQovo;) vgteqov nt^novaiv g^axcciovg y,DLi ^iXiovg 
on7.it ag iavtatv y.ai (Ifonfiicova tov 'Aaconiov GtQati^yof. og dq)i' 
nofievog sg t7jv UaXX^vr^v nai s^ ^uicpvtiog oQiimfjiEfog, i7C(^'^urjyays ty 
Tlotidaia tov ctQatov nata ^Qoi.'/y TTQoimv xai y.£iQ(ov afjio. tt]v yJ^v. 
cog ds ovdsig stte^xiei ig fi(i)[^v, dneTei'/^ias to ix t?ig IIaXXriri]g tel'/^og * 
3. aal ovtojg ijdr^ y,ata ygatog rj Tlotldaia dfigjotigcu^ev ifzoXiOQ- 
>ieTto,y.al ixdaXaGCTigvavGiv a^cc iqjOQ^iOvaaig. LXV. "u^^^iatevg 
ds d7iot£iy(^iGOEt6rig avttjg xai iXni8a ovde^iav t^oov ccoviiQiag, r^v f,ui 
71 dno IJeXoTZovviJGOv i] aXXo TzaQuXoyov yiyvT^taij ^vvE^ovXf.vs ftev 
nXrjv TiEvtaxoaimv aveixov tt]Q^6aai toTg dXXoig inTrXevaaff onag 
im nXbOV 6 aitog avtia^^y, yai avtog rid tie tcov fisrovtcov tlvtti^ 6g 
d' ovH tTTEid^E, ^ovXofisvog tu im tovtoig TzaQaaysvd^eiv, xai onoig 
ta t^ad^Ev E^Ei cog aqiataj ehtiXovv TzoiEitat Xa&mv ztjv (fvXGiXTii> 
tchv 'Adrivaicov. 2. aal naqa^iEvcov iv XaXy.idEvoi td re d),}^. 
iaoXifiEi y.a\ ^eq^vXicov Xofr^aag nQog ty ttoXsi noXXovg diiq)&EiQCf' 
'ig re trjv nsXo7z6vvJ]aov ETZQaoaEV on)] cocpiXEid tig yEviqaEtoti 
3. fiEta ds ttjg Ilotidaiag tijv dTTOzEi^KJiv (J^OQfxicov fisv f/^atv tovi 
i^aaoaiovg aal ^iXiovg tijv XaXmdixr^v aai Botzixr^v idijov, aal egzi* 
a nai noXiaiiata elXs. 

LXVi. ToTg ^' 'Adrjraioig aai ZlEXonorvt^aioig altiai [xh 
avrai TZQoayEyivjjvto ig dXXijXovg ' toig fisv KoQivd^ioig, oti trjf 
Ilotidutav savtcov ovoav dnoiyiav aai avd^ag KoQivdioov re acu 
nsXonovvrjoicov iv avirj '6vtag euoXioq-aovV toig d' AOrivaioig ig 
tovg nEXoTZovrtjGiovg, btt savtcov te noXiv ^vfjfia^ida aal cpoQOt 
VTZOteXri dniatijaav, aai sXdovtsg aqiiGiv ano tov TiQOcpavovg i^id- 
lovto [xEtd n.otidaiat&>v. ov fiivtoi o ys TzoXsiiog ttco ^vvsoQCoysii 
dXX Eti dvaacop] ijv idicc yan zavta ol KoQiv&ioi STiQa^ay, 
LXVII. noXiOQaov^isv7]g 8s tijg Hozidaiag ov^ ■ijGV)^a^ov, dvSQMV rs 
acpiGiv irovtmv *aat a(^a tzeqi Tq5 xcoqi(j^ SeSioteg ' naQEadXovv t« 



30 eoTKT/ii/ior AxrrpAfiiiis. 

Evdvg ^g Tiiv yfuKedaifiova zovg ^vmidiovg ma xut^^goop il&opzsg 
tav 'Ad^r^vaiojv on onor^dg te XElvHoreg eIev ■hcu udiy.oisv tijv TIs- 
Xonovviiaov. 2. ^lyirJjTai te cpavEQag i^sv ov TigeG^EVofiEvoi, dt8i6- 
Teg zovg u^O^rjraiovg, xQvq}a ds, ol'x jJMata [/.ez avratv iv7jyov rov 
fzoXEftoVf XtyovTsg ovx slvat avzovofxoi xaza zag GTZovddg. 3. ol 
de AaxEdaifionof, nQOGTzaQaxaXsGavTEg zojv ^vftfidxtov ze 'Aai. eI 
zig zi dXXo aq]7] 7jdixl]a&ai vno ^y^&rivcucovj ^vXXoyov aqpcor avrrnp 
noiriaavzEg zov EioD&oza XtyEiv exeXevov. 4. xal dXXoi ze Tzagiov- 
ZEg iyKXrjfxaza ettoiovvzo co? E-Aaazoi koI MEyaQrig, dijXovvzEg fih 
xai EZEQa ovx hXlya dtdqjOQa, fidXiGza bl XifiEvmv ze ElLoysadai zav 
iv zy 'uf4&}]vaia}v dg^y y,ai ZTqg ^Azziyujg dyoqdg naQa zdg OTiorddg' 
5. nuQEXdovzEg ds zeXevtoioi KoQivd^ioi, yal zovg dXXovg IdaavzEg 
tnqazov TtaQO^vvai zovg AaxEdatfioiiovg, ejieitiov zoiddE. 

LXVIII. To niazov v(idg, co AaxEdaifionoi, ztjg y.aO^ v^dg 
avzovg noXizEiag xat OfxiXiag dntaTOztnovg eg zovg dXXovg, 7jv zt 
XtyoofJisv, xa&iazriai ' xal dii avzov aa)q:Q06vvt]v fth exezs, dfia&ia 
ds nXiovL nqog za e^co nqdyiiaza 'iQljad^B. 2. TToXXdaig yuQ ttqo- 
ayoQEvovzcov 7jfioov a e^eXXo^ev vno 'yiO^tjramy pMTZTEG&aij ov 
tzeqI (OV ididdcxofXEV ExdGZOZS zi]v fidxyfiGtv i.roiEiGO^E, dXXd z^v 
XEyovzoiv fidXXov vtievoeXze cog tvExa zmv aviot^ i8in diaqjOQmy Xe 
yovGt' xal di' avzo ov tzqiv TzdaiEiVj dXX ETiEidrj iv zfo Egycp EGf^itv, 
zovg ^v[if4.d)rovg zovcds TiaQExcOJGaze, iv olg TZQOGt^y.Ei 7)fidg oi^ 
TjxiGza EiTZEiv, oGO) Ttal fiE^yiGza iyxXt]fxaza tjoj^iEVf vno {ilv 'AO^tj- 
valwv v^Qit,6iiEvoi, vno ds vuoov dfiEXovf^Evoi. 3, aai eI fxlv dq:avETg 
nov oYTEg TidLxovv ZT]v 'EX7.dda, diduGyaXiag dv cog ovx Eidoji nQOG- 
i8Ei. vvv ds zi dsi [laxQtjyoQEiVj cov zovg fisv dsdovXcofiE'rovg oqute, 
zoig 5* ini^ovXEvovzag avzovg^ xai ov'/ ^xiGza zoig 7]iiEztQ0ig ^vf4- 
ud^otg xal ix noXXov nQonaQEGXEvaGfiEvovg, el nozs noXE/^rjGovzat. 
4. ov yoQ dv Keqxvquv zs vnoXa^ovzsg pia ijn^v eJ^ov xal JJozi- 
daiciv inoXioQxovVj cov zo fisv iniKaipozuzov y^coQiov nqog zd ini 
Oqdnjjg dno'/QJjG&at, ly ds vavzixov dv fisyiGzov naqsGys Tls^.onov- 
'rjGioig. LXIX. xai. zcords vfAEig uizioiy z6 ze nqazov iaGavTsg 
avzovg ztjv noXiv [iEzd zd Mt^dixd xQazvrai nal vgzeqov zd fiaxqd 
Gz?iGai tEi'xyjt ig '^ods zs dsi dnoGzsQovvzsg ov fiorov zovg vn ixsi- 
vcov dsdovXcofiE'vovg iXEv{)^EQ(ag, dXXd xai zovg vfisttQOvg iidij ^vfAfid- 
^ovg. OV ydo 6 dovXcoGdiiEvogy dlX 6 dwdfisvog fiiv navuui, nsqi- 



LIB. I. CAP. LXX. 31 

OQwv dsj uXtjO^saiEQov avzo 8Qa, eiTzeQ xal rrjv a^icoaiv z^g a^sz^g 
cog iXevOsQwv zrjv 'EX?,d8a qitQsrai. 2. [A,6hg ds vvv zs ^vvr^X&ofiev 
y.al ovds vvv im giarsQoTg. XQW 7^Q ^^^ ^^ adi-Aovfisd^a hi CAoneiv, 
alia xaO^ on afxvvovfisda. ol yaQ dgavTsg ^e^ovlevixtvoi nqog ov 
disyvcoHoiag tjdr] >iai ov lutlXovzeg l7ZSQ)(^ovrai. 3. xal eTnardfie&a 
oin 6d(^ 01 '^d)]vaToi nac on nax bXlyov y^coQovaiv inl zovg nilag. 
aai lavddvsiv fisv olofisvoi 8id rb dvaiad^TjTov v{a.oov ^aaov '&aQQOv- 
Gi ' yvovtsg ds eidozag tteqioqccv la^vQoog iyneiffovzaL 4. rjav)^d^ez8 
yd{) [xovoi 'Elhpcov, oj ^axE8atfx,6vioi, ov zy dwd/xsi zivd dlld zy 
[islhjaei dfivv6[A,Evoi, aai fiovoi ovh aQ'/ofitvTjv Z7]v av^r^aiv zav 
Ij^&Qayj diTzXaaioviievtjv ds aazaXvovzEg. ' 5. xaiioi iXtysaO^E dacpa- 
Xsig shaiy cov dqa 6 Xoyog zov sQyov EnqdzEi. zov zs ydq Mtjdov 
avzoi i'afiEv Ik nEQazoav ytjg ttqozeqov etii zt]v JJsXonovvriaov eAt^oj'- 
zay i] zd TiaQ v(.mv d^i>y)g 7ZQoanavz7iaai, ^ai vvv zovg ' ^&f]vaiovg 
ov'i Exdg, coaTTEQ hmrov, dX7! hyyvg ovzag nEQioQazE, Ka\ dvzl zov 
eTZEX&ELV avzoi dfivvsad^ai ^ovXsod^s fzdXXov emovzag, 'aoi ig zv/ag 
TTQog TZoXXm dvvazontQOvg dyojvt^6(XEvoi ^iazaGzijvai, ETZiazdfiEvot 
xal zov ^dg^agov avzbv tzeqi avz^ zd nXsico aqjaXsvzaj na\ nqog 
avzovg zovg ^ Ad^rivalovg noXXa fj[xdg ^dij zoTg dfiaQz/^fxaaiv avzojv 
fidXXov i] zy d(p T^iav zijjKOQia 7ZEQtyEy£v?]f4,tvovg ' ettei al ys viiizEQai 
tXnidsg r^dt] zivdgnov ^ai dnaQaoisvovg dia zb niazEvaai tcpdsiQav. 
6. Tiai fiTjdsig vixav ett E]^r^Qa zb nXsov ij alzia voixiGy zdde XiyEfsO^ai. 
alzia ^sv yuQ q)iX(ov dvdQoov iaziv d{A.aQzav6vz(ov' aaztjyoQia d^ 
EidQwv ddi'Mjadvzcov. LXX. xat afxa^ e'itieq zivsg 3<«< dXXoiy vofil- 
^ofiEv d^ioi sJvai zoig niXag ipoyov EnEVEyAsTv, dXXmg zs not fisyd- 
XoDv zojv diacpSQovzmv y.a&sazcozcov, tteqI cov ovx aia&dvEa&ai rifuv 
ys doxEizE, ovd^ EnXoyiaaa&ai ntonozs TZQog olovg vfuv Ad^rivaiovg 
ovzag yicu oaov vfx^v aai cog ndv diacpsQOVzag 6 dyav EGzai. 2. ol 
fitv ys vEcozEQonoio\ Ka\ mivoriaai o^sTg y>at snizEXsaai sqycp o dv 
yvmaiv ' vfxsTg ds zd vndQiovza zs aco^siv 'Aai sniyvcovai utidlv aal 
EQycp ovds zdvayy.aia i^ixsa&ai. 3. av&ig ds ol fisv xal naqd dv^ 
,vaf.uv zoXfxrjzal yal naqd yvcoiiijv yivdvvsvzai yat sm zoig dsivoXg 
EviXnidsg' zb ds vfiizsqov zijg zs dwdfiscog ivdsd TTQa^ca, zTjg zs 
yvcof^ajg ^rjds zotg ^s^aioig niazsvcaij zcov zs dsivcov fir^dsTZOZS otV 
a&ai aTioXv&t'JGSGdai. 4. y,ai. [xrjv yai doy.voi TTQog vudg nsXXijzdg 
y.oLi dnodri^iizai Tiqoq ird)][xozdzovg. oiovzai ydg ol [aev zy dnovoi^ 



32 eoTKTJi/iOT ArrrPAfiiji^. 

av ri xTacf&ai, vfjing de rro inEXd^eTv nal ra hoTfia av p.dxpat. 
VQUTovvTug T£ Tcav tid^ocDV Im 7z7,H(jrov i^8Q)^ovTa(, nccl ri'/.oji-iavoi 
tn e).a)^iGrov avaniTZiovaiv. 5. 'hi 8l roig fiev ccofiaoiv dlXoiQicO' 
tdiotg VTitQ Tijg TzoXscog '/[Qcjvrai, ry '^'Pcofiij ds oheiOTdr-q eg to 
nqaaaEiv ri vizsq avtqg. 6. x«f « fxev up ImvoijaavTEg fttj a^t)M(a 
air, OMsTa aisQsa&at i)yovvtai' a 5' dv inelOovreg nT/jaoovTaif 
oXiya nqog ta fxtXXovra rviuv TTQa^avreg. rrp 5' uQa aai zov tteiqci 
aqjaXooaiVj dvieXniaavrEg aXXa iizXiJQCoaav tjjp j^QEiav. (.lovoi yuQ 
kxovai rs b^oicog aac eXni^ovaiv d dv iTtipo/jocoaij did to Ta^Eiav 
7i]v aTir/^eiQtjaiv TToisTaxyai cov dv yvojai. 7. xal ravra fierd tzovcov 
navTU y.ai '/.ivdvvcov di* oXov zov alojpog fiox^yovai ' xal aTioXavovatp 
iXd^icra twv vnaQ'^ovrcov did to del aTUGx^ai, 'aoi [i^ts soQTt^v 
aXXo 71 riyua&ai tj to ret biovTa nQd^ai, ^vfjicfoqav tb ov)^ r^aGOv 
Tjavxiciv dTzgdyfiova i] do^oXiav ininovov. 8. oajrs ei Tig avTOvg 
l^vvtXcov (pair] TTsqivxavai am Ta5 nijTa avTOvg a'^aiv ?]uv](^iav, fijJTS 
tovg dXXovg avx^qmnovg idv, OQ&mg dv ainoi. LXXI. TavTJjg 
fiavTOt TOiavzt^g dviixa&aaTrjxviag TzoXacog, c5 ^axadaifiovioi, dia' 
fiiXXaTS' 'Aoi oiaa&a Trjv riaviiav ov Tovroig toov dv&QcoTtcov am 
nXaiGTOv dQy.aiv, ol dv tIq ^lav TraQaoaavri dinaia TTQaoamaif ttj da 
yvco^rj, ijv ddtaojvTaij driXoi (oai ^irj amtQaxpovtag' dXX am zw fi^i 
Xvnalv TS dXXovg yiat avzoi dfxvvoiiavoi [it] ^XdnTaa&ai to laov va- 
ftaza. 2. iA,6Xig 5' dv noXai ofioia naQOi^ovvTag aTv^^dvazs tovtov ' 
vvv 5', onaQ y,ai agzi a8r]X^aaiiav, dQy^aiozQonoL vficjv tu aTziTi]8ev* 
fiUTa TTQog avTovg aaztv. dvdyxt] 5' (oaTteq Taivr]g da\ zd agityiyvofAava 
'AQaTaiv. 3. aal t]av)ra^ov6ri [xav noXai Td dy,iv't]Ta vo^iifia aQiara, 
nqog noXXd ds dvayAO^oixavoig livai TZoXXTJg yai TT-g a7iiTayvr]aaaig 
^ti. dioTZEQ nal Ta Tcov ^Ad^r]vaimv dno T7]g noXvnaiQiag am TiXaov 
vfimv aa'AaivcoTai. 4. [laiQi fiav ovv Tovds coqigO^oj vfiKtv ?] §Qadv- 
T^g' vvv da ToTg ts dXXoig aai TloTtdaiaTaig, coGnag vTzada^uG&s, 
^oj]\^r]aoLTa aaTd Tuyog ia^aXovTag ag ti]v 'ATTmr]v, iva [ir] uvdQag 
TB (fiXovg y.a\ ^vyyavaTg toTg ay^OiGtoig nQor^Gx^a, y.at. ijiidg zovg 
dXXovg d\}vfxiri TZQog azaqav Tivd ^vfAfiaxiccv TQaip7]ia. 5. dgcpfiEf 
5' dv udiHOv ovdav ovis nqog d^amv Ttav 6qxio3v ovtb nqog dvOqca- 
Tioov Tcov aiG&avofjiavmv. Xvovgl ydq GTiovddg ovy ol 5t' aqv/xiaf 
aXXoig nqoGiovTag^ dXX ol fir] ^or]&ovvrag oig dv ^vvofioGcoGi, 
D. ^ovXofiEvo)v ds viiav nqod^vficov thai uavovfiEV ov7S yaq OGia dt 



LIB. I. CAP. LXXII. LXXIII. 33 

TTOioTfiev fista^aXXofiEvoi ovrs ^vvjjd^EottQovg av aXXovg evQOtfiEv. 
7. TTQog zdde ^ovXevsg&s ev, aal tijv TlsXoTTovvTjaov neiQuads /<// 
ildaaco s'^riyelad^ai // ol Tzart'Qsg vfiiv naQidoaav. 

liXXIl. Totavta f^sv ol KoQivdioi eJtzov, jwv ds ^Ad^rivamv 
ezi^s yuQ TTQea^eia ttqoteqov bv tij udaxEdaifion tzeq] dXXmv naQOv- 
a«, y.a\ cog ija&ovfo rojv XoycoVy Edo^sv avzoTg TzaQiTtjTsa ig jovg 
yla'AEdaiiAOviovg Eivai, tcov (a.Iv iyxXijficcKov tieqi fxtjdsv dnoXoytjao- 
[isvovg cov ai noXEig EVEy.dXovv, di^Xojoai ds tteqI tov Tzaviog, cog ov 
taitcxig avroig ^ovXevteov euj, dX)! iv tiXelovi axEnitor. 'Aal ufia 
Ttjv aq^EZEQav noXiv e^ovXovto Grjizrjvai oarj Eit] dvvdfiiv, y^ai vtio- 
fiv7]6iv Tzoiijaaa&ai toXg rs TiQEO^vTEQOig cov ijdEaav xal toig vEcari- 
Qoig E^/]y?]aiv cov dneiQOi rioar, vofxil^ovtsg fidXXov dv avrovg ek tcot 
Xoyoov TiQog to ijav^dt,Eiv tQanEa&ai i] TZQog to ttoXeiaeiv. 2. tzqog- 
EX&ovtEg ovv ToTg uday^sdaifiovioig sqiaaav ^ovXEc&ai hiu avjol 
Eg to nXij&og avtoov eitzeTv, ei ri fA,7] d7TO'Aco7,voi. 3. ol d' eheXevov 
T£ ETiibvai, x«f TtcLQEX-dovTEg ol ^A&Tjvaioi sXEyov TOiddE. 

LXXIII. 'H fiEv TTQta^Evaig ?//<(»y ovx Eg dvTiXoyiav toig vfAC- 
rtQOig ^v^Aixdioig EyivEzo, dXXd tzeqI cov // TioXig ETZs^xpEv ' aiaOo- 
HEvoi ds xaza^orjv ovx 6Xiy7]v ovaav rifAwv TzaQriXd^OfiEv, ov zoTg 
EyHXrjfA.aoi tav tioXecov dvTEQOvviEg^ ov ydq -naQOL dmaajalg vjxTv 
ovts ^fiojp ovTS rovTcov ol Xoyoi dv yiyvoivzo, dX)^ oTicog (ai] Qcidiwg 
tteqI [xsydXojv TTQaytidzcov zoTg ^vixf^d^oig TZEid^oi^Evoi ieTqov ^ovXev- 
G7]6d^s, ^al dfjia ^ovXoi^Evoi TzsQi zov Tiavzhg 7.6yov zov sg 7jfA.dg 
aad^ECTzazog dTjXmaai, cog ovzs uTTEixozojg E)rofisv a 'AEHzriiisd^ciy rj zs 
noXig rjfxojv d^ia Xoyov iazi. 2. acu zk [isv ndvv naXaia zi dsi XsyEiVf 
cov daoal fidXXov Xoycov iiaQZvqsg ?] oipEig zm' dxovaofisvcov ; za ds 
Miidrnd y.a) oaa avzol ^vviazSj ei >ial dt o^Xov [xdXXov katai ast 
nqo^aXXoiiEvoigi dvdyxt] Xtysiv x(u yaQ ozs idQmfiEv, lii wcpEXsia 

EKlvdvVSVEZOj ijg zov fXEV EQyOV flEQOg flEZEGXEZE, ZOV ds XoyOV flT] 

Tzavzogj ei zi cocpsXEi, GZEQiaHc6{x80a. 3. Qjj&ijGEzai ds ov TiaQat- 
z^GEmg (idXXov ivExa ?] fiUQzvQiov 'aoI drj7.c6GEO[)g nqog oiav v}xlv 
noXiv fi7] Ev ^ovXEVofiEvoig 6 dyoov yazaar/jGEzai. 4. cpajxEv yUQ 
Magadoovi ze [aovoi ngornvdwEVGai zm ^aq^dqco 'xai ozs zo vgts- 
Qov 7]X&EVj oi'x iy.avol ovzeg aazd y\v dpivvEG&ai ia^avzEg sg zag 
rav^ 7tavdrifi,E\ ev ^aXaiun ^vvvavfia'/^tJGai, onsn eg^e [irj yaza noXsig 
avibv ETCinXiovza ztjv IIeXotzovvtjgov tzoqx) eiv, ddvvdzmr av oitco* 



34 ooTKTJiJor STrrPA^iis. 

rzQog vavg noXXag aXXriXoig Im^ori&eXv. 5. ^eh^^qiov ds f4.tj lazoy 
avthg inoujus ' fiH7]\)^sig yaq zaig vavaiv, (ag ovxezi avzco ofAOiag 
ovarii trig ^vvdfietog, xaza Ta^og z^ nXiovi zov 6TQatov dvEXcoQriaev. 
LXXIV. TOiovzov fis'vzoi ^vf4^df>iog zoviovj aai aaqjag diiXoj&tv 
Tog on Iv zaig vaval zojp 'EXXi'ivcov zd TZQayfiaza iytvezo, zQia za 
ioq:EXi[i(6z(x,za Eg avzb TiaQEaiofiEda, aQi&fiov zs rEmv tzXeIgtov xai 
drdQCi azqazriyov ^vvEZOozaiov. nal TiQO&v^iav doy.vozdzriv, vavg [.itv 
ys ig zdg zEzganoaiag 6Xiyq> iXdaaovg dvo (loiQaVy 0£fiiazoy.Xta ds 
aQXovza, og aizicozazog iv z^ czsr^ 'ravfia)(^)J6ai EyivEzOy otzeq 
oaqjEOzaza samas zd ngdyfiaza, nal avzov did zovzo vfiEcg dti fxd- 
Xiaza izifitiGazs ufdQa ^evov zojv mg vfidg eXOovzojv. 2. tiqoO^v- 
niav ds aal noXv zoXfir^Qozdztiv idsi^afiEv, oi yE, inEidti tifAiv xazd 
yjjv ovSsig i^o/i&Ef, zav dXXmv I'l^ri fJ-tjQi iji^ojv dovXEvovzcov, y^Ka- 
cafieVj ixXiTzovzsg zriv noXiv xat zd olxEia diaqjd-EiQavzEg, jU?;5' ag zo 
zav TZEQiXoiTicov ^vfAfidy^oiv noivov TTQoXiTZEiVj fjirids OHEdaa&EVZEg 
dxQEioi cvzoTg yEVEa&ai, dXX Ea^dvzEg ig zdg vavg xivdwEvaai aai 
uij OQyioOrivai ozi iiiuv ov TZQOEzijicoQriaazE. 3. coazs q;a[XEv ov^ 
tiacov ul'i'ol a)qjEX7i6ai vudg // zv/eiv zovzov. vfiEig fiEv yuQ dno zs 
oi'AOViikV(Xi)> zoov tioXecov xal im z(p, zo Xomov vt'iA-Eax^ai, E7ZEi8t] 
idEiaazs vtieq vfimv aal ov^ rif^oov zo ttXeov, i^OTjO^/jaazE' oze 
yovv iifiEv hi (joaor, ov TzaQEytvEa&s' rifXEig ds dno ze zrig ovx ovuKig 
izi OQiAcofiEvoi, aal vtieq zijg iv ^gaxEia iXnidi ovar^g xirdvvEvovzEg, 
^vvECOjaafXEv vfidg ze zo fit'qog xai ij^dg avzovg. ei ds nQoaE^ooQi^- 
aa^iEv TTQozEQov z(^ M/jdcp^ dEiaavzEg cjctzeq y.al uXXot tieqI zij x^Q^y 
•q fill izoXfii'iaafiEv vgzeqov ia^rjvai ig zdg vavg (ag dLEq)&aQfi8voif 
ovdav dv ETi 'idEi vfidg firi Exovzag vavg Uardg vavfiaxEiv, dXXa 
xad^ Tjavxiav dv avzq> TiQOEXcoQriGS zd nqdy^aza tj i^ovXEzo. 
LXXV. UQ u^ioi icfiEVy w y/uHEdaiuoviot, aal TiQoOvfAiag EVExa 
Trjg zozE v.at yvafirig ^vvtaEoig doyjjg yE t^g 'ixof^Ev zoTg EXXiiai fxii 
ovzmg dyav ETZigj^ovcog diaxEiad^ai ; 2. xal yaQ avziiv zijvdE iXd- 
8ofXEv ov piaadfAEvoi, dXX vfiav filv ovx iOEXriadvzmv TzaQafiEiiai 
TTQog zd vnoXoiTza zov ^aQ^dQov, ruiiv ds 7iqoceX&6vz(ov zcov ^vfi- 
{idxmv 'Aoi avzmv dsrjO^Evzaiv ijysixovag xazaazr^vai ' 3. f| avzov 
ds zov EQyov xaziivayxdax^iifiEv zo tiqojzov nqoayayElv avz^v Eg 
Todsy fidXiaza fiEV vno dEovg, snEiza ds xa\ zifj.7]g, vazEQOv xat 
'Jiq^sXEiag, 4. xal ovx aQ^aX'sg izi id6y,Ei thai zoig noXXoTg anif 



LIB. I. CAP. LXXVI. LXXVII. 35 

lO^ijfitvovg y.ai rivcov y.a\ i^drj anoatdvtmv nateazQafA^srcov, vftmv 
18 rj^lv ovxtTi bfjioimg cfiXcov aX)^ vnonrcov iiui diaq)6Q(t)v ovrcav, 
avtptag rnvdweveiv xai yaq av at anoaraGBig jiQog v[A,ag tyiy- 
vot'to, 5. TTciai ds avs7Ziq)&ov6v ra ^vfiq)tQovta zcoy ixsyiazcov 
ntQi xivdvvoav ev Ti&ea&ai. LXXVI. vfieig ypvVj co ytanedaifio- 
pioij rag iv zy UeXoTiovvriaco noXeig ln\ to vfiTv (XKfsXifiov yiazaotr]' 
adi^evot i^tjysia&s ' xal si tots vTzofisivavrsg dice Tiavzog a.nri'jK&ri-' 
cOs iv ty Tjyefiovia wansQ ij^sTg^ sv icfisv fit] av tjcgov v[iag Ivnij- 
Qovg yEvo[A.£vovg toig ^vfifxd'/oigj xat dvayy.aa&Evtag av f] aqisiv 
iynQazag ij avzovg xipdvvsvsiv. 2. ovzmg ov^ ruislg 'OavfA.aazov 
ov§sv TZETTOi^xafxev ovd^ dnh zov dv&Qconsiov zqotzov, sl ccq^/jv ta 
didofitvrjv £ds^d[i,Ed-af xal Tavzt^v fjuj dvsTfisv vno zmv iisyiazcov 
ny.TjdtviEg, rtfiTJg aal dtovg aai coq]8Xsiag, ov^ av nqmroi tov 
zoiovzov vndq^avzEg, dXX dsi aa'&sazojzog zov 7](saco vno zov dvv- 
azcoTtQcv xazsiQyea&aiy d^iol zs a^ia tofiiXovzsg sivai, aal vfiTv 
doxovvzsg fiEXQi ov zd ^viiqitQCvza Xoyi^ofisva zo) dixaicp Xoyo^ vvv 
XQ^(y^s, ov ovdsig ttod naqazviov layyi zi xzriaaad^ai TZQod^slg zov [A,r] 
nXiov t]^siv aTZSZQdnszo. 3. snaivsXad^ai zs d^toi olzivsg ^qrjadfis- 
voi zy dv&Qconsia qjvasi ooazs iztqcov dqisiv, diaaiozsQoi ^ aazd zijv 
vnaQiovaav dvvafiiv yey8VT]vzai. 4c. dXXovg y av ovv oiofis&a zd 
TjfiheQa Xa^ovzag dst^at dv fidXiaza si' zi [j,szQid^0fA,sv ' ijiuv ds not 
fix zov ETzisrAOvg dSo^ia zb nXiov i] snaivog ovx sixozojg nsqiEazi]. 
LXXVII. aal iXaaaovfisvoi ydq ev zaig ^vfi^oXaiaig Tzgog zovg ^vfi.' 
ud)^ovg dixaigf aac naq rnuv avzoTg ev zoig of^oioig vofioig Tzoitjaav- 
zsg zag agiaEigf qjiXodi'AEiv doHOVfisv. 2, nai ovdsig (jxotzei avzmv, 
zoig xai dXXo&L tzov aqpiv E^ovai aai 7]aaov tjfiojv nqog zovg vTZtj- 
Koovg fiEzqioig ovai 8i6zi zovzo ovh ovsidit,Ezai ' ^id^sa&ai ydq oig 
dv E^^j dixd^sa&ai ovdsv nqoadsovzai. 3. oi ds EiO^iOfxtvoi Tzqog T^fiug 
dno zov i6ov ofiiXsiVj ijv zi Tzaqd zo (xtj oiEd&ai XQH^o^^ ^ yvc6[4.y r^ 
dvvdfiEi zy did ztjv dqiriv aai OTKoaovv sXaaaco&aaiv, ov zov nXsO' 
vog (11] Gzsqiay.ofisvoi xdqiv e^ovgiVj dXXd zov ivdsovg xf^XsTZOJzsqov 
(pt'qovaiv 7] EL dno nq(6z7]g dnox^iiiEvoi zov vojxov qiavsqoog inXsors* 
HzovfASv. EXEivoog ds old dv avzoi avziXsyov cog ov /^£cay zov tjaaat 
z^ xqazovvzi vnoxcoqsTv. 4. ddr/.oviiEvoi zs, cog eoixev, ot dv&qco- 
noi fxdXXov oqyi^ovzai ^ ^la^oi^Evot. zo [^ev ydq dno zov laov 
doxEi nXsovsxzsiaO^ai, zo d' dno zov xqEiaaovog xazavayxd^sa&ai. 



36 QOTKTAIAOT :ETrrPAOH2, 



). vno yovv jov Mtjdov deirozsQa jovicov nduyovTsg fjveixovio, ij 



5. vi 

d€ y^STt'ga aQxh xalmij doxsT dvai, ahoTcog^ to naqov yuQ as) 
§a^v roig vmjKOoig. 6. v^elg y '^v ovv d y,a&eXuvTeg ij^ag 
uQ^aizs, Tuxa av xi^v avvoiav tJv dia to ij^keqov dsog slh^q^ars, 
fieta^dXoiTe, eitteq dia aal tots TTQog tov M7]dov di olijov ijyiiad- 
. nEvoi VTzedei^azE, ofioTa xal rvv yvcQGEads. dfAixTa yccQ Ta te xad- 
vf^dg avTovg vd^i^ia roTg dlloig exbte, ital nQoahi Eig haatog 
f^imv ovTS TOVTOig /(>^t«/, ovO^ oJg i) dllri 'Elldg fOfiiXei. 
LXXVIII. ^ovIevbg&e ovv ^Qudmg cog ov tieqI ^gax^cov, nai ^rj 
dlloTQiaig yvcafxaig aal Eyalrniaai TZEia&EvzEg oiheTov novov ttqoc- 
S-i^a&e. tov ds noU^ov tov TraQuXoyov, oaog hzi, ttqIv iv avzJj 
yevEGx^ai TigodidyrcoTE- 2. nrjy.vvofiEvog ydq cptlEi ig Tiyag zd 
noXld 7i£QtiaTUG<}a(, ^v loov te aTiExofiEv y.al oTzoTEQoag 'iazca iv 
ddf}Xq> mvdvvEVETai. 3. lopTsg te ol dv&QcoTTOi eg Tovg noXi^wvg 

TaV EQyaV TZQOTEQOV EXOVTUlj U XQ^V VGTEQOV dQUV, nanoTia&ovvTsg 

ds ?j8t] Twv Xoycov dmovTai. 4. ij^Eig ds iv ovdsfud mo Toiavrq 
dfiaQTia ovTEg ovz avzol ovO- vfidg OQm-zEg XiyofiEv vuXv, toog tzt 
avi^aiQEzog d^icpoztQoig i) sv^ovXia, onovdag ^irj Xveiv fir^ds naqa- 
§aivEiv zovg oQxovg, zd ds didqjOQa dixrj XvEa&ai yazd ztjv Ivvd^i]- 
yr^v 7] x^EOvg zovg OQniovg {xdQZVQag 7ioiov{aevoi TZEiQicaof^s&cs, 
dfiviEGx^ai TioXifiov aqyovzag zavzy ?] dv vqjf^yjjo^. 

LXXIX. Toiavza ds ol 'A&r^vaToi eIttov. iTiEid)] ds zwv ze 
^vfifxaxcov ijKOVGav ol Aaasdainonoi zd iyxXt'jfiaza zd ig zovg 
Adrivalovg^ nai zmv ^Ay^iivaicov a tXs^ar, ^iszaoztjadfiEvoi ndvzag 
e^ovXevovzo xazd acpdg avzovg tzeqI zcop naqovzajv. 2. xat zm' 
fisv nXsiovfov E7ZC zo avzo al yvajiui tq:£QOv, ddixeiv te zovg AOi]- 
vaiovg ijd}] xai noXsfitjZEa slvai iv zd^si ' 7zaQEX&(X)v ds 'Aqxidafiog 
^aoiXsvg avzmv, dvijQ y,a\ hvvszog doxav elvai xal acoq'QOiV, tXs^k 
zoidds. 

LXXX. Kai avzog noXXcov 7]dt] TZoXt'ficov Eiijieinog eIjUj a 
AaxEdaifiovioi, xui vfiojv zovg iv Ty avzy iiXvAia 6q(o, co6t£ ^/jts 
UTitiQia ini&viiqcai Tiva zov EQyov,07Z£Q dv ol ttoXXol Tid&oiEv, fif'irs 
dya&ov 'aoi daqjaXsg voftiaccvza. 2.' evqoize d' dv TovdSj tieq] ov I'Jy 
BovXEvsa&E, oi'x dv iXdyiozov ysvofisvoVy eI acocpQovoog zig avTov 
ixXoyi^oizo. 8. TTQog fisv ydg zovg TlEXoTzovvrjaiovg xai dazvysiTO- 
vag naqoiioiog yfiojv y dXy.rj, xa« did zaxioov olov ze iqi' txaaia 



LIB. I. CAP. L XX XI L XXXII. 37 

iXdtiv ' TTQog ds uvdgag, ol yrjv rs ixag t^ovm y.ai ttqooezi d^alaa- 
CTjg lixnEiQOiaroi tiai, y.al ToTg aXXoig anaaiv aQKsra i^^Qzwiai^ 
nlovTco 7S Idicp 'Aoi dt^fA-OGiqi aai vavoi xai Innoig nai onXoig nai 
oxXcp oaog ovh iv uXXo) ivi ys xcoqic^ 'EXXtjnxm hxiVj 'in ds xat 
^vufidyovg TzolXovg cpoQov vTzoreXsig ixovai, nag XQ^] TZQog rovtovg 
(>a8icog 7i6Xs}iov aQacr&aiy nai, tin niaravaavTag aTragaaxevovg 
FTzsixd^ijvai ; 4. tzotsqov zaTg vavaiv ; aXX ijacovg icjfisv ei ds 
fitXeTt^aoi^sv aal avrmaQaa'AEvaaon^da, xQovog ^vtazai. dXXa roTi 
XQrifJiOLaiv ; aXXk noXXm in nXiov tovtov iXXeinouEv xai ovrs iv 
y.O(V(^ i^of^sv ovTS izoifimg in jmv idiojv qjiQOfiev, LXXXI. ra^ 
civ ng {^aQGOirj on roTg hnXoig avzojv xal zco nXri&ei vneQcpiQOiiev^ 
mars rtjv yTjv dyovv iniqiOirmvteg ' 2. zoTg ds aXXr] ytj ifftl noXXrj 
7)g aQiovai, y.a\ in daXdaarjg av diovtai indl^ovTai. 3. el 5' av 
Tovg ^vfx^dxovg dqiaidvai TzsiQaaofieda, d67'jasi nai rovroig vavai 
^ori'&uVf TO nXiov ovai vj^aimzaig. 4. tig ovv iazai ri^^v 6 iioXa- 
juog ; el firj ydg r] ravai 'AQUz/jaofiev tj tag TZQoaodovg dqiaiQi^aofiEv 
d(f (6v zo vavzcAOV zgiqjovGi, §Xa\p6fi,E&a zd TzXico. 5. y^dv zovzoj 
ovds yazaXv£6&ai in aaXov^ uXXcog re yiai el do^ofxev dq^ai ^dXXov 
ztjg diaqiOQag. 6. ^m// '/uq dt] iaEivrj ye zy iXTZidi i;zaiQoo[xe&a cog 
za/v navd^rioezai 6 TioXefiog, ijv zijv yljv avzav zdficofiev. didoma de 
uuXXov fir] HOI roTg naiatv avzov VTZoXiTiwuev' ovzmg elxog 'Ax^r]- 
rxiovg qiQOV^fxazi fx/jze zy yrj dovXevaaij inqzE coanEQ dneiQOvg yaza- 
rrXayijvai z(p noXtixcn, LXXXII. oh fi?]v ovds dvaiaxl^jjzcog avzovg 
iie^Xsvco zovg ze ^vfifA.d)rovg ?)fxav idv ^XdjizEiv, kcc) im^ovXEvovzag 
[Uj iiazciq}COQdvy dXXd onXoL fiev (a./j7zoo 'aiveTv, 7zifA.7ZEiv ds y>ai alnd- 
6&ca fijjzs TToXefiov dyav dyXovvzag fiyO^ mg i7iiZQiipojA.Ev, xdv 
zovzcp aai zd ijfiizeqa avzmv i^aqzvEad'ai ^vixiid^cav ze TTQoaaycoyy 
ual ^EXXr^vcov >ial ^ag^dQcov, si nodiv ziva tj vavziaov ij xQW^izcov 
dvvcifiiv TtQOdXrixpofiE&a ' dvEnicpO^ovov ds oaoi caaneQ nai rjfxeTg vn 
A&rjvaiojv irn^ovXevoixed^a fir] EXXiivag fiovov, dXXd yai ^aQ^dgovg 
TJQOoXa^ovzag dia<yoo&ijvai' xai za avzojv afia eKnoQi^cofXEO^a. 
2. yai tjv fisv iaaHOvacoai zi TiQEa^svofiivcov ijfim>, zavza uQiaza' 
Ti]v ds p]y disXdovzmv izMv yal dvo aai rgimv afieivov 7]dr]y i^v doxyt 
neq'Qayfxivoi ifisv iri avzovg. 3. nai i'amg, OQ^vtsg 7]fx6ov i]dr] zr^v 
ZE T^aQaaaEvrjv y,ai zovg Xdyovg avzy ofioTu vno6r]fiaivovzag, fidXXof 
OLv eiKOieVf y.ai. yqv in ariirjTov i^ovzEg viai tieqI TzaQOvzaw dyaOwt 



38 eOTKT/iiJor ATrrPAitiii:, 

Kai o'vTKxi i(f&aQfA.tp(av ^ovXsvoiievoi. 4. fztj yuQ alio ri vo^iar^zi^ 
Ttiv y7]v avtojv 1} ufi7]Qov t)^eiVj xai oi'jf tiaaov oaco dfxeivov i^eiQya 
Gzai ' rig q}€idea0^ai ^grj cog Ini tiXeTcjzov, y.ai fj.\ ig anovoiav yiaia- 
OTijaavTag avzovg ahjTzzortQovg tx^ir. 5. el yaQ anaQda'AEvoi zolg 
zcov ^vfxfxdxcov iy'AXrifiaaiv Ineii&tvTeg refiovfiEv avTiiv, oqccze oTzcog 
fiij aiaiiov Koi aTTOQmzeQov zij IlsXoTTorvtjacp TiQa^o^ev. 6. iyAltj 
fiaza fisv yccQ xai ttoXecov koi Idiojzojv olov ze aazaXvaai ' noXefiov 
ds ^v[A.7zavzag UQU^Evovg tvExa zcov IdiooVy ov oi'x VTrdgxEi Eidnat 
xaO^ ozi xcoQt]OE(, ov Qudiov EVTTQEnojg d^taOai. LXXXIII. xat 
dvavdgia firidEvl noXlovg f^in ttoIei ^rj za^v etzeX&eTp doxEizco Eivai. 
2. Eial yuQ aal iy.Eiroig ova iXuaaovg, XQW^'^^ (pegovTsgy ^vfxfiaxoit 
Tiui EGziv 6 TJoXEfiog oi'X OTiXcDv zo TtXtov dXXk bandvrig, di' r^v za 
OTzXa (oq)EXET, uXXag zs y.al riTZEiQazaig TZQog {^aXaaaiovg. 3. tzoql 
GfOfiEd^a y)vv 7ZQ0JZOV avzijVy Ttai fir] zoig zojv ^vfiftdxmv Xoyoig liQO- 
ZEQOV ijiaiQOJfiE&af oitzeq ^ aai zav dno^aivorzcov zo nXtov in 
dfLCfozEQCt. Tjjg alziag E^ofiEv, ovzoi x«t x^v^* ijavxlav zi avz(av 
TTQotdcofiEv. LXXXIV. xai zb ^Qadh aai fit'XXoVj o {.lEfiqjovzat 
udXiaza TjfiaVy fxi] alayvvEO&E. cnEvbovzig ze ydo axoXaizEQOv dv 
Tzavaaia&s 8ia zo uTzaQdaxEvoi iyxEiQEip' y,al dfia iXsv&tQav aal 
irdo^ozdzfjv noXiv did navzog rsfxofXE&a. 2. y.ai dvrazai ixdXtsza 
cacfQOGvvi] Efiq^Qcav zovz Eivai. fioroi ydo 8i avzo evTTQayiaig ze ova 
Hv^ni^OfiEv yai ^v/ncpOQaTg ijGaov eteqmv ErAOiAEv ' zcov ze ^vv ETzaivcp 
i^ozQvrovzcov rjiidg Em zd dEird nagd zo doxovv rji-uv ova EnaiQo- 
fiEd^a ijdovij, xal i\v zig dga ^vv y.aztjyoQia naQO^vvri, ovSev fidXXov 
dx^soO^^vzEg dvE7TEiax}t]fiEv. 3. noXE^iaoi ze aa\ ev^ovXoi did zo 
Evxoaf4.ov yiyvofiExJa, zb fiev ozi aidmg amq^ooavvtig nXElazov fiEzt/Ei, 
aicyvvrig ds Evxpvxicij s'v^ovXoi ds dfia&sazEQOv zojp vofimv Z7jg 
vjiEQOxpiag TzaidEvofXEPOi, xal ^vv x^XEnozrizi amqiQovtazEQOv // o)6ze 
avzoov dvyjaovazEiVy xai fj,}] zd dxQEia ^vvezoI dyav ovzEg^ zdg zav 
71oXe[xi(ov naqaaxEvdg Xoycp xaXmg [ie[x<j;6ia,evoi dvofioi'cog EQyo} btte- 
^lEvai, vofii^Etv ds zdg zs diavoiag zojv mXag TiaguTzXtjaiovg Eivai, 
ical zdg nQoamnzovaag zvxag oh Xoyci^ diaiQSzdg. 4. uei ds mg 
TTQog Ev ^ovXevofiivovg zovg ivavziovg EQyqj TraQauxEva^ofiEd^a ' xai 
ova i^ ixEivcov (og dfiaQZTjGOfttv^jJv tjEiv dEi zdg iXTZidag, aXX oog 
I'llAav avzoov dacpaXojg TTQOVQOviitpmv. noXv ze diacfEQEiv ov dEi 
voiii^Eiv dvdQoonov dv&Q^TTov, yodriazov ds eivai oazig iv zoTg 



LIB. I. CAP. LXXXV — LXXXVII. 39 

arayxaiOTcizoig TzaidevsTai. LXXXV. zavtag ovv ag ol nartgeg 
te TjiAiv TiaQtdoaav fieXtTag 'acu avtol dia navrog (xn-p^ltivfA^vot 
sx^fisv, fA.7] TzaQcouev, ^7jd' ineix&tvTsg iv ^Qax^o fiOQiq) ijfitQag tisqI 
TToD.ojv Gco^dzayv aai xQTjfAccjcov xai TzoXecav kuI do^rjg ^ovXevamf^itr, 
aXXa Tiaif Tjaviiav. e'ieaii 8" rjfiTv fiaXlov steqcov diu lO'/rvv. 2. not 
TTQog tovg 'A&rivaiovg miimiE /nsr tzeqI rrjg Ilozidaiag, tz^ixtiete ds 
mQt GOV ol ^viiiiaioi (faaiv ddiy,EiG&ai, uXXoig te aai SToifxcov ovicov 
avzcov 8rAag dovpai' Ini 8s tov didorta oh tiqoteqov voixijiov cog 
In dSiKOvvia Uvai. 7zaQ(x.ayiEvdt,Ecd^E 8s tov noXsiiov afia. ravxa 
yciQ K«/ ^QCLTiara ^ovXevgeg&e koi zoTg ivavrioig qio^EQojrccja. 
3. nai 6 ^sv ^AQii8aiiog roiavta eitte ' TraQEXdwv 8s 2^\}£V8Xat8ag 
TEXsvTdiog, elg rav iqjoQOJv tote cor, eXe^ev ev ToTg Aay.E8aiiiovLoig 
(x)8e. 

LXXXVI. Tovg [xsv Xoyovg Tovg TZoXXovg rmv 'yiOrjvaicov ov 
ytypcadum ' ETzaivtaavTEg yccQ noXXa iavTovg, ov8afiov avTslnov ojg 
ovx dSmovGi Tohg ij^sTtgovg ^v[A(j.dxovg Kai ztjv nEXoTzorvr^aov 
tiaiToi El TtQog TOvg Mi]8ovg iytvorto dyad^oi toTSy nQog 8' rjfidf 
Kaxol fvv, 8inXaoiag ^rjfiiag aS,ioi eIgiv^ ozi dvi dyaOoov xccxo 
ysytvijvTai. 2. Tj^isTg 88 biioloi xat tote y.ai vvv ia(A.£v, yicu Tovg 
^vfifid'/^ovg Tjv aocKfQovMfxsv ov nEQio\p6fiE&a d8ixovfAEvovg ov8s fisX' 
X^GOfiEV Ti[xcoQEiv ' 01 5' 0VA8TI [itXXovai xttxco? Tzda^Eiv. 3. dXXoil 
fisv yaQ 'XQTiixaTd egti noXXa xai vlqEg xai Itztzoi, tjiuv 8s ^vfX(xa)^oi 
dya&oiy ovg ov naQa8oT8a ToTg 'A&rivaioig egtiv, ov8s 8i-Aaig ji^ 
Xoyoig SiaxQiTECi ^i] Xoycp xui avzovg ^XanToiitvovgj dXXa T((i,(OQr^ 
rm EV Td'iEi xai navTl a&Evsi. 4. xat (og ruidg tzqetzei §ovXEvsa{^ai 
d8rAovfi8vovgi-ii]8Elg 8i8aaxEZco, dXXa tovg fisXXovTag d8ixEtv /xciXXov 
TZQETiEi noXvv XQOvov ^ovXEVEod^ai. 5. xprjCfit^Ead^E ovv, CO .4a'AE8ai' 
uot'ioi, d^iojg Tijg ZizdQTiig tov TzoXs^wVf xai [i,TJTS TOvg ^A&i]vaiovg 
uiTE (iEiL,ovg yiyvEa&ai, [x/jts zovg ^vfAj^d^ovg xaTa7ZQo8L8oo{xEVs 
ulXu ^vv TO,Tg d^Eoig EnicoftEv TZQog Tovg d8iAovvTag. 

LXXXVII. ToiavTa Xs^ag i/zEipiicpi^Ev avzog 'icpOQog ^v ig 
Tjjv EAvXrioicti' T^v AaxE8aifiovioi)v. 2. 6 88, xqivovai. yccQ §oy aa} 
OV 'ip^qx^t ova EqiTj 8iayiyvman£iv Ttjv ^oijv otzoteqcc fxEii^cov, dXXa 
8ovX6^£vog avTOvg qjavEQ^g dno8EVAvviJL8vovg tjjv yvcofiriv ig to 
TZoXEiiEiv [AciXXov oQfirjaai eXe^ev Otco ^ev v[A.6av, co yla'A£8aiu.6vioi, 
8u'Aovai XsXvad^ai at <snov8al aai ol ^Ad^rivaXoi d8rAEiv, dvahTiqrcxy 



40 eoTKTJiJor AirrpA(i»ii2. 

ig ixHPO 70 i^Qiov ' dsi^ag zi icoqlov avroig ' otai ds fi?^ donovaiv, 
eg TO, 8711 ■&dTEQd. 3. avaazavreg ds disazr^Guv, ital Tzoklm nXtiovg 
iytrovzo olg idoaovv at aTTOvdal XeXva&ai. 4. TigoaxaXtaavzeg za 
zovg ^v^fidxovg eItzov ozi cqsiai filv doxoTev ddiauv ol 'AOt^vuiot, 
(iovXea{yai ds xai zovg navzag ^vi^fidxovg naQci'AaXsaavzsg iptjcpov 
iTzayayeiv, onmg y^oivri ^ovXsvadfisvoi zov noXeixov noiwviai, tjp 
doxy. 5. '/.at 01 f4,ev dnsiiOQijcav sii oixov, diaTTQa^a^Evoi zavza, 
Koi, 01 'Ad^rivaioav nQso^sig vazeQOV, icp dnsq yXOoi^ 'j^Qijfiaziaarzsg. 
6. 7] ds diayvafiri avzj] ztjg ix>iXi]Giag, zov zdg anovdag XeXvax^ai, 
iysvazo iv z^ zszdgzcp ezei y,ai dsadzo^ zav ZQiaxovzovzidmv anov- 
dav 7TQ0>iSX(x)Q7]xvmv Ol lysvovzo fiszd zd Ev^ol'xd. 

LXXXYIII. 'Eip^cpiaarzo ds ol Accxedaifwfioi zdg anovdag 
XsXvaOai xai noXefiJjzsa slvai, ov zoaovzov zav ^vfiiidy^cov tiskjQsv- 
zsg zoig Xoyoig oaov qiO^ovfisvoi zovg 'A&t]vaiovg, f^tj etzI ^isi^ov 
dvvTj&aaiv, OQavzsg avzoTg ztc TZoXXd zfjg 'EXXddog vnoisiQut ijdtj 
ovza. LXXXIX. 01 yaq A&7ivaioi ZQOTKp zouods iiXOov stti zd 
Tzgdyfiaza Iv olg ip^ij^fjaav. 2. STzsidij MJjdoi drsx^Qrjaav in zljg 
El'QcoTZTjg vrAr^&tvTsg 'aoI ravat xai nsl^Mvjifo li,XXrivG3v, xul ol x«- 
tacpvyovzsg avzmv zaig vavoiv ig Mv'AdX7]irdiEcp&doj^6av,At(oTv- 
jTLdrjg fxsv 6 ^aaiXsvg zoSv ytaxtdaiixovccav, octisq rjysZzo zojv iv 
Mvy.dXri 'EXXi]vmv, d7ZE)[c6Qt]asv stz oixov s^cov zovg dno IIsXotzov- 
••iisov ^v[iiid)(^ovg ' ol ds ^A&iivaioi xai ol dno ^Jxoviag xai 'EXXr^c- 
/Tovzov ^vfiuaxoi, J^dt] dq)eGzr^K6zsg dno ^aciXiajg^ VTZOfisivarisg 
^ijazov iizoXioQ'AOVV Mi'jdcov i'^ovzcov, xcu siziieiiJLd.aavTsg tiXov 
avzqv ixXiTZovzoQV zwv ^aQ^aQcov. nai fieza zovzo dnijzXsvaav i^ 
EXXr^auovzov wg enaazoi'Aazd noXsig. 3. ^AdTjvaiiov ds zo xoipovj 
snsidri avzoig ol ^dg^agoi in zqg x^Q^S dTzijXd^ov, diexof^i^orzo 
evd^vg o&Ev vtze^sOevzo naldag y,a\ yvvaixag yal ztjv Tzsgiovaav aw 
zaojiEVJjv, aal zijv noXiv droixodoixsXv TzaQsaxEvd^opio xat za zEc^tJ^ 
zov ZE yuQ nsQi^oXov ^Qa^^a Eiazqxsi xai or/uai at (ttv noXXai 
/TETZJOjy.Eaav, oXiyai ds nsQiriaav, iv cdg avzol iaar^vr^aav ol dvvazol 
zav TIsQa^v. XC. AanEdaijiovioi ds alad^ofiEvoi zo [xeXXov iiX&ov 
TZQEG^Eia, zd fisv HOI avzol i]diov dp OQOJvzsg iiriz ixEivovg fn'jz 
dXXov fir^dsva zEi^og t^ovzay zo ds nXiov zav ^vufidxap itozQvrov- 
zmv xa\ (j)0§ov(iivcov zov ze vavzixov avzoop zo nXlq&og, o ttqiv ovj( 
V7i7iQX^7 x«t zrjv ig zov MrfirAhv noXtiiov zoX/iav yEvoiuvqi'- 



LIB. I. CAP. XCL 41 

2. rj^iovv Z8 avzovg /i// reij^i^eiVy dXla y.ai ratv k^co Ilelonovvriaov 
fiCiXXov oaoig Ehi/jKei ^vyxax^ElsTv [xeia ocp^v rovg nsQi^ol^ovg^ to 
fi.lv ^ovX6fi£vov xal V7107ZT0V r?]g yrafit]g ov d)]kovvTeg eg rovg 
^Ad^rivaiovg, clog ds tov ^aQ^dqov, tl av&ig entXd^oi, ovx av s)(^oi'7og 
dnh livqov TzoOev, ojOTieQ fvvix tcov Qij^cav, OQiidadai' zr^v ts 
IlEXoTicvrrjaov ndoiv 'i^faaav iKavijv dvai dva)^(aQ7]6iv ts xai dcpoQ- 
fii^v. 3. ol d^ '^x}7jvaioi, 0£f,itaTOi<Xtovg jrcofiriy zovg fih ytantoai' 
^oviovg javx ElizofTagy UTZonQivd^svoi on Tztfxifjovaiv cog avtovg 
TiQea^Eig tzeqI ojv Xiyovaiv Ev&vg d?T^XXa^av' iavzov d* ixeXevev 
dnoazEXXEiv cog zd-fiGza 6 0E{xiazo'AXi]g ig zrjv ^axEdaifiora, ciXXovg 
ds nQog iavzM EXofitvovg nQEO^Eig f^rj evO^vg i'ATiefinEtv, dXX inia'ieiv 
f*t'/Qi zouovzov iwg dv zo tEl^og Ixaydv ctQcaaiv caazs d7iofid)^8a&ai, 
EH zov dvayxaiozdzov vxpovg ' zsr/^i^Eiv ds ndvzag navbrniEi zovg ev 
zij tzoXei xal avzovg y>al yvraixag Hai Tzaidag, qiEido^Evovg ixrizs 
idiov fAt]zs di]fioaiov oixo8oiA,^fA.azog o\)ev zig chq^EXEia sazai ig zo 
EQyoVf dXXd Hax^aiQOvvzag ndvza. 4. y,ai 6 fisv zavza didd^ag 
Y.ai mcEindjv zdXXa ozi avzog zdasL ttqu^oi (o^ezo. 5. y(at ig z^v 
uiccxEdaifiova iXd^mv ov TTQoariEi TiQog zdg dQ^^dg^ dXXd diijya xai 

fTQOVqiaGl^EZO. 'Aol OTTOTE Zig avZOV EQQIZO ZGJV iv ZeXeI OVZCOV OjZt 

ova iTTEQ'j^Ezai ini zo aoivovy t(pr] zovg ^vii7iQE6§Eig dva^ivEiVj 
d(J)^oXiag ds zivog omr^g avzovg v7ioXEiq)&7ira(, nQoadt^Eod^ai ftiv- 

* zoi iv zd'fEi ij^eiv aal -O^avfid^Eiv cog ovttco naQEiaiv. XCL ol ds 
d'AOvovzEg zcp {/EV OsuiaroxXEL inEi^ovzo did cpiXiav avzov ' zcov da 
dXXcov dqiVAvov^bvcav \ai aaqjag y.azriyoQoyvzcov on zEi'fiC,Ezai ze 
v.OLi ydi] vxpog Xaf^fdvEif ova Eiyov oncog y^Q)] djiiazrioai. 2. yvovg ds 
ixEiPog xeXevei avzovg fjuj 7.6yoig {xaXXov naQdyEa&aiy rj TTtfiipai aq)6jy 
avzcov dvdQug olzivEg XQW^^h ^^^ niatmg dnayyEXovai aHEipdfi'svoi. 

. 3. dnoaziXXovaiv ovv, Acd tteqI avzojv 6 QefA.iGzoAXtjg zoTg ^^^ij- 
raioig xQvqia m^nsi y.eXevcov cog jjAiaza iniqiavmg 'Aazaaysiv y.ai firj 
dcpEivai TTQiv dv avzoi ndXiv yofiKydooaiV yd)] yaq xai ijy.ov avz^ 
ol ^v[A,7TQEapEig, !u4pQc6vix6g ZE 6 Avai'AXiovg x«t 'y^QiazEidrjg 6 
yivcifid^ov dyyiXovTsg eieiv iHavmg zb zeTy^og. iq)Opeizo yuQ firj ol 
AaAEdaiiiovioi (Scpdg, otzoze Gaq;mg dA0X)6Eiav, ovyJzi dqi^aiv. 
4. ot ZE olv 'A&7]vaToi zovg TZQEa^Eig coctteq inEazdXi] AazEi^ov, xai 
OEfiLGZoxXrjg iuEXd^m' zoTg AaAEdaifxovioigj ivzav&a dq cpavEQmg 
ilnEVj on rj fuv noXig 6(j,<av z£TEi)^iGzai //(5r, oogze ixavrj thai 



12 ooTKrJiJOT ATrrPAtimz. 

fco^Eiv Tovg BvoiHOvvtag ' ei da zi §ovlovtai ^a'Atdaifiovioi ?} ol 
tvf4fiaxoi TiQEa^eveaOai naQa acpag, cog TZQog diayip'coaaoviag to 
Xomov ihvai rd ts acpiaiv avioig ^vfAq::OQa nal ta xoivd. 5. ti^v %s 
^ciQ Tiohv OTE EdoKEi EyJuTTEiv dfiEivov Eivai 'Aoi Eg lag vavg Ea^qvaiy 
avEv Ey.Eivcov 'icpaaav yvovTEg tolfirjaai, kol oca av (aet ixEivoov 
CS §ov).EVEa&ai, ovdEvog vgieqoi yvcoiAy cpavr^vai. 6. doy.Eiv ovv 
^ cq)iai ^al vvv dfjiEivov Eivai t?]v savTav nohv tEi/^og e'/^eiv, aal i8ia 
toig TToXizaig aai ig rohg ndvzag ^vfifA,d)^ovg coqiEXifKaiEQOv ege- 
adai. 7. ov yaq olov i Eivai, fi)] dno avzindlov Tiagaay^Evrig 
ofwiuv 11 71 iaov Eg zo noivov ^ovXeveo^ui. rj ndrzag ovv cczei- 
liazovg ECft] XQ^vai ^viiiiaiEiv ij not zdds ^'Ofii^Eiv OQdoog e^eiv. 
XCII. ol 8e Aay.Edai(x6noi dxovaavzEg oQyijv fxlv cpavEqav ovx 
ETiQiovvzo zoTg ^Ax}r]vaioig ' ov8s yuQ im xcolvfii], dXXa yvcofxrjg 
naQaiVE6Ei d/jOEv z^ xoiv^ ETTQEa^Evuavzo ' % d^a ds aai nQoacpiXEig 
ovzEg Ev zm zoze did zi]v ig zov ])I7]dov TTQO&vfiiav zd [xdXiaza 
avToTg Eivy^avov zijg' fiEvzoi ^ovXriGEcog df^iaQidvovzEg ddfjXcog 
T^X^ovro. 01 zs TTQEO^Eig iyazEQcov ditliXdov in oIkov drETZOiXijzojg. 
XCIII. TovTcp TO) zQoncg ol 'Ad^tjvaioi Zffjv noXiv izEixtaav iv 
oXiyo^ XQo^cp. 2. xai df^Xi] 37 olaodoiyiia hi Kwt vvv iaziv ozi xazd 
GTzovdriv iyivETO. ol ydq d^E^iEXioi ttuvzoicov Xi^&iv VTToasivzai ycai 
ov ^vvEiQya(JiA.Er(ov egziv ij, dXX cog Enaazoi noze 7TQ06E(fEQ0v ' noX- 
Xai zs GzriXai dno cij^dzcov x«« Xid^oi EiQyaafiivoi iyyazEXt'yijauv. 
uEi^cov yaQ 6 nEQi^oXog navza'/Jl i^^X^H '^^^' noXEcog, 'aiu dta zovro 
ndvza o^oicog ydvovvzEg ynEiyorzo. 3. EnEios ds xai zov HsiQamg 
id Xomd 6 OsfxiazoaXTig oixodofiEiV vnTjQxzo ^' ahzov nqozsQov 
ini zf^g inEivov dQx^g ijg yaz iviavrov '^dtjvaioig yQ^E ' vc^i^wp 
to zs x^Qi'Ov aaXov shai, Xifiivag txov zQEig avzocpvEig^ xal avzovg 
vavzixohg yEyErij{uvovg fit'yu TiQoq.EQEiv ig z6 azr^oaad^ai dvpccfiiv. 
4. z7jg ydg dt] -OaXdaarjg nq^zog izoX^rjcjEv EinsTv cag dvOsyiZEa 
iazif aal z)]v dQyJ]v sv&l'g ^vyxazEaxEva^s.B. 'Aalci)Hod6f,ii]<yav zT} 
VAEivov yvcofiri zo ndxog zov zsixovg, onsQ vvv ezi dJjXov egzi 
nsQi zov TIsiQaid ' dvo yuQ dfia^ai iravziai dXXijXaig zovg XiOovg 
mriyov. iviog ds ovzs ;fa^f| ovzs niiXog //r, dXXd ^tvqrAodofajiiEPOi 
UcydXoi Xidoi yauiv zonxi fyyconoi, aidi]()(o nqog dXXi]Xovg zd s^ca- 
Om> %ai fioXi'^Scp dEdE[ik'voi. zb ds vifjog I'^fuav fidXiuZi% izEXeaOij 
ol diEVOEizo. 6. i^ovXszo ydn to} fZEys&Ei Hal zq) ndxst dq)(Gzdvai 



LIB. I. CAP. XCIV— xcv. 43 

tkf 10JP fioXs^iwv mi^ovldg' avd^Qajnmv rs lv6(Ait,Ev oliyoav not 
TObff aiQEioTaTCov aQxtaetv niv qivla^ajv, lovg 5' aXlovg ig rag vavg 
ioj^riGEGdai. 7. zaig yuQ vavai fidXiaia TTQoatxeiio, idcav, cog ifxol 
doxEi rr/g ^aadt'cog GiQCcnag rtjv Kara \}dXaaaav ecpodov tvTZOQO)- 
TtQuv trjg HOLT a y^v ovaav tov le UtiQaicc wcpeXtficoteQov ivofxi^e 
rljg dvco noXtcog, 'ACii no7Jkd:ug toTg 'A&rivaloig noQrivEif tjv uqcc 
Tzors ^azu ylqv ^taG&aiGi, 'Aaza^dvxag ig avzov raig vavai TZQog 
anavzag dv&iaiaa&ai. "Ad^rivdioi fjilv ovv ovzcog izEtxicOrjcav xai 
zulXa xazeaxEvdl^Qvzo sv&vg [xszu zijv Mijdcov dva^coQyjaiv. 

XCIV. Uavaaviag ds 6 KXeoix^Qozov in yiaxedaifxovog azQa- 
rriyhg zav 'EXX^vcov i^eTTt/Aqj^}] fA,STa einoai veoov dno TleXo7zovv7](Tov* 
^vvtnXeov ds zai '^{^r^vaioi TQidxovza vavai aui tojv aXXtav ^vfi- 
(A.d^03v 7zX7jOog. 2. aai iatQdzevaav ig Kvttqov xai avzTjg la noX- 
7.a aaiEazQixpavTO, xal varsQov ig Bvt,dvriov M/^8cov hipvioav Y.a^ 
i^87ZoXL6{)X7]aav iv z^^e t^ Tjys^ovia. XCV. ijdr] ds ^lalov ovzos 
avTOv, ol js dXXoi "EXXrireg tiyj/orzo, xal ovx t^maza ol "ifarsg xa< 
offfti dno ^aaiXicog vs(a6zi iiXsvOtQcnvzo ' qjoizavzsg zs nqog zovg 
*u4&T]raiovg ij^iovv avzovg iiysfjLovag oqicov ysvsa&ai Hazcc zo ^vyye- 
vt'g, KOI Tl'xvaavia (x\ inizQsnsiv, rjv nov ^id^7]zai. 2. ol ds ^AOt}- 
vaioi idi^avzo zs zovg Xoyovg ytai nqoasliov zhv yi^cofiijv cag oh 
nsQio\p6y.EPGi zaXXa zs .xazaazi^GOfisvoi y qjaivoizo aoiaza avzoTg. 
3. iv zovzcct ds ol Aa'Asdaifxovioi fxEzsusunovzo Tlavaaviav dva~ 
^Qtvovvzsg cov nigi invv&dvovzo ' hoi yciQ ddiy.ia tioXXij jiazrjyoQsTzo 
avzov V7Z0 zojv 'EXXr^vcov zmv d(fiiiirovi,iiv(ov, xai zvQavridog fidXXov 
irpaivsto iiijiriaig rj GZQazijyla. 4. ^vvipi] zs avzqi y^aXsia&cU zs 
afia aai zovg ^vfifid/^ovg zcp ixsUov exOsi naq 'Ad^rjvaiovg fisza- 
zd^aa&ai TzXi^v tmv ano TIsXonovvijoov azQcczKozojv. 5. iXda)v ds' 
Fg Aay.sdal^iova z^v [xsv Idicc TiQog ziva ddixrij-idzcov ev&vv&i], za 
ds fiiyiara dnoXvEzai fit] ddiysiv ' HazriyoQEizo ds avzov ov]^ Tqmaza 
Mqdia^iog y.ai idoxsi aacpiazazov slvai. 6. y,cu ixsTrop iilv ovyJzi 
iyTTtfXTTOvaiv a^'fovza^ /Jogytv ds y.ai aXXovg zivag ^ez avzov azQa- 
ziav 'i^ovzag ov noXX^v o'lg ovyJzi icpisaav ol ^vfiiiaxoi zijv '^ysfAo- 
viav ' 7. Oi ds aiad^ofiEvoi dnTjX&ov ' koI aXXovg ovyJzi vazsoov 
i^ETZEfxxpav ol Aaxsdaifiovioi, (fo^ovfxsvoi fiy cqiaiv ol ihovzsg '/si' 
Qovg yiyvcovzai, ottsq ^ai iv z^ Ilavaavin ivsidov ' dnaXXa^Eiovzsg 
ds xai zov Miidfuov TzoXtfiov, xal zovg 'Ad'nvaiovg voiAi^ovzEg i^a- 



44 (jOTKTAIAOT ATrrPA(PH2. 

vovg e^7]y£Ta&ai, aai acpiaiv h 7cJ rore naQovti i7ziTi]deiovg 
XCVI. naQola^ovrtg ds ot 'Adrivaioi rrfV yyeiioviav rovtcp rm 
TQomp sxovToov Tcov ^vfzfxd/cov, dia ro Uavaaviov [ucog, 'ha^av 
ag TE tdsi 7iant)^Eiv zav tzoXecov iQijixara nqog zov ^UQ^aQov x«i 
ug vavg. nQoaiijua yan 7]v aiivr~a(5d^ai av eTzoi&ov dijovpiag rijv 
^aaOJ&tg ^ooQav. xat 'EXXrjvoTai^iai tots ttq^tov 'A&rivaioig y,a7£» 
crq ciQX^]i 01 edtyovzo tov q)OQOv. ovtgj yao &}voiia.(j&i] toov XQ^iH-^" 
7coy 7] q)OQa. riv d 6 nQwrog qjoQog zax&Eig tEzgaxoaia zdXavia 
xac s^r^y.ovra. zafiieiov zs A7jXog 7^v avzoTg y>al at ^vrodoi ig to 
Uqov iyiyvovTO. XCYII. Tjyovfisvoi ds avzoroficov ro tiqcozov zm 
^vfJud'/coVf yai dno noivojv ^vvodcav ^ovlevovzavy zoadds injjlx^ov 
TTolffm T£ Hat dia^HQiGEt 7TQ(cyfidz(av f-iEza^v zovds zov noXhfxov 
Kui zov M)jdiHOVf d iysvEzo nQog zs zov ^dg^aQov avzoXgy yai 
TTQog zovg ccfEztqovg ^viifidyovg vEcozEQi^ovzag, koI n£lo7Tovv7]G((ov 
zoug aEi 7TQOGzvy)rdvovzag ev sxdazop. /2. syQaxpa ds avzd, y.a] zi'iv 
iy,^oX7]v zov Xoyov E770i7]adfi7^v did zeds, ozi zoig ttqo eixov dnaaiv 
ixliTTsg zovio 7JV zo )^conioVj ya] ?/ zd ttqo zmv Mridixoov 'EXltjnyd 
^vvEzi&Eoav 7] avzd za Mijdiyd ' zovztav ds ootteq y.ai 7]\pazo ev tJ; 
*Azziyxi ^vyyQacpxi 'EXldviy.og, ^Qa^Ecag zs yal zoTg yoovotg ovx 
uyQi^ag ETiEjiv/iG&i] ' afia ds yai zijg aQ^r^g dnodsi^iv eiei zHjg zm 

'Ax^TjVaiOW EV OlCp ZQOTTq) yaZEGZt]. 

XCVIII. IIqmzov fisv ^Hiovd Ztjv Em 2JzQVfx6vi, Mi]d(ov r/ov- 
zcov TZoXiOQ'Ain EiXov yai TjidQanodiGav Kifxcovog zov MtXziddov 
GiQOLZTiyovvzog. 2. EirEiza 2^yi<Q0v zijv ev zoj AHyuicp vJiaovy 7iv 
cpyow /JoXoTTEg, iivdQanodiaav you (pytGav avzol. 3. TTQog ds Ka- 
QVGziovg avzoTg dvsv iSiv dXXiav Ev^oscov TioXsfjiog iysvEzOj y.ai 
yiQovrp ^vvb^Yjaav yad^ bf^oXoyiav. 4. Na^toig ds dnoazdai fiszd 
zavza ETToXEfDjaav yal noXioQXia naQEaz'r]GCf.vzo. TZQcazT] ze avzq 
TioXig ^vfi{xa'/)g naqd zo ya&E(szi]yog idovXoi&^j, 'insiza ds yai zojv 
uXXcov cag sydazri ^vvt'^r]. XCIX. aiziai ds dXXcu ze 7]aciv z^v 
dnoazdosmv yai fxtyiazai at zmv qiOQCov yea vsmv sydsiaij yiu Xei- 
TzoazQdnov si' zq> iyt'vEzo. ot ydn 'Ad^rivcdoi uxQi^oog snQaaaov yai 
Xvm]Qol Tjaav, ovy slmdoaiv ovds ^ovXo^tvoig zaXaiTTCoQsiv TiQOGa- 
yovzsg zdg dvdyyag ' 2. 7i6av ds ncog yai dXXmg ol "A&rivaToi ovytzi 
Ofioirag Iv 7jdovri aQyovzEg, yai ovze ^vvEozgdzEvov ano zov laov 
^ddiov ZE 7iQoadyE6&ai i^v avzoTg zovg aqjiazafitvovg. 3. cov alzot 



LIB. I. CAP. C — CII. , 45 

aiztoi iyhovto ol ^v^iiiaxoi' dia yaq t?]v aTioxptjaiv ravrriv rcor 
CTQatsimv ol nldovg avzav, iva [xr/ an ov/.ov ^ai, y^Qri^ara ird' 
^avro dvzi lav vtrnv'to r/.roifiEvov avalcofia (pt-QEiv.^ y.ai ToTg filf 
'^d^Tjvaioig 7jv^£To 70 vavzi'Aov uno zijg dandvrig 7]v inEivoi ^vficpB- 
QOisv, avTol ds oTiozs aTToazaiev, d7iaQd(jy,£voi v.cu dmiqoi ig zov 
noltjiov y.aOiGzavzo. 

C 'Eftvezo ds fiszu zavza xal r} In t!vQVfi8dovzi nozaixm iv 
TIaucpvh'a nt^ofia'/^ta ]iai vavfiapa ^A&riraLcav y.ai zojv ^v[Aud')^a}v 
nQog Mi]dovg, xaJ ivixcov zy avzy rj^iqci dficpozeQo. ^Ad^rivaToi Kl- 
fiojvog zov Mi).z(ddov azQazijyovvzog, xal siXov ZQir^Qsig (PoirUmv 
xal dtsqi&EiQav zdg nddag ig zdg diaxoaiag. 2. XQOi'co 8s vqtsqov 
^vvs^ij Oaaiovg avzmv dnoazrivatj Sieve^^&tvzag nsgl z^v iv zri 
avzintqag 0Qdy>y iiinoQicov aai zov fiSzdXXoVj d ivEfxovzo. aai vavui 
IA.SV Em Qdaov nlsvaavzEg ol ^Ad^iivaioi vavfiaiicz iygdzijcav y.ai ig 
zi]v yTJv dni^riaaVy 3. ini ds ^ZQVfxovu nifiipavzEg {xvQiovg olxij- 
Togag avzav aai zoSv ^vfxfxd)[a)v vno zovg avzovg iQovovg^ cag or/j- 
ovvzsg zdg zozs :iaXovfA.Evag 'Ervs'a oSovg vvv ds ^AfiqiinoXiv, z&» 
fisv "Evvia odcov avzol i^qdzr^aav, ag eJ/^ov 'Hdcovoi, nQOEl&ovzeg 
ds zijg 0Qd'Ayg ig fiEOoyEiav diEcpd-aQijaav iv /Iqa^qayco Z7j ^Hd(oviy,\i 
vno zojv OQay.av ^vfindrzav, olg no)Jf.iiov ?]v zo ^oaQiov al 'Evvta 
odol azi^of^svov. CI. Qdaioi ds viyyjd^tvzEg [xd'/^aig y.ai. nolioQKOv^ 
uEvoiy AccAEdaifioviovg inExaXovvzOy aai inafivvai ixiXsvov ia^a^ 
Xovzag ig zrjv ^AzzrAiqv. 2. ol ds vnic'iovzo fisv yQvcpa zcov 'A&i]- 
vaicov y,dl e[ieXXov, diETicoXv&rjaav ds vno zov yEvofiivov asifffiov, iv 
cp 'Aot ol EiXcozsg avzoTg aal zmv nEQioixcov OovQtdzaL zs y.ai 
Al&EEig ig 'I&cof4.tiv dniazr^aav. nXsiazoi ds zcov EiXcozcov iysvorzo 
ol zmv naXaicov BIe(Jo'}]vig)v zozs dovXco&Evzcov dnoyovoi' tj y,at 
MEGGtjnoi iy,7.ri&riaav ol ndvzsg. 3. ngog fisv ovv zovg iv 'Idwfi-Q 
noXEjxog aa&EiazijxEi Aa'AEdaifxovioig' Oaaioi. ds ZQizq) hzei noXi* 
oqy.oviiEvoi co^ioXoyTjaav 'A&rjvaioigj zsT'/^og zs aa&EXovzEg zai vavg 
aaQadovzsg, ^Qrjfxazd zs oaa edsi dnodovvai avzixa za^dfiEvoi 
yal zo Xoinhv cpEQEiVy zijv zs ijnsiQOV not zb fiizaXXor dqjsvzEg. 
CII. AaxEdaifiovioi ds, ag avzouj nQog zovg iv 'IOa{xri ifiijxvvETO 
n6Xe(iog, dXXovg zs insKaXs'aay^o h'(X!id'iovg aai ''A{)^rjvaiovg' ol 
d^ JjX&ov Kificovog azQazijyovvzjQ nXv^&st ova oXiycp. 2. ^dXiaza 
d' avzovg insy,aXEaavTO ozi ZEi/oiiaxsiv idoKOvv dvrazoi shai, zoTg 



46 eOTKT/ilAOT ZTTTPAaiII2. 

ds TToXiOQ'Aiag iicvAqag xad^EGTTjxviag tovtov irdea iq:aiv€70'' ^la 
yaQ av eiXov to x^qiov. 3. nai diacfOQO, in Tavrrjg Trig GTQaTEiaq 
TiQOJZOv AccAtduiixovioig aat 'u4&i]raioi^ qav^Qa iytvEio. ol yaq 
ytaaadaii-ionoif ijieid/] to icoqiov §iri oi')[ JiXia-AEtOj dEiaavTsg T(av 
'^O^r^vaicov to ToXfinQov nal tijv fEcoTEQonoUav, ^ai aXXocpvXovg 
ajxa TiyijauiAevoi, firj t/, tJv TzaQaixEivcoaiv, vno zav iv 'I&cofiij tzei- 
aOtvzEg vEcoiEQiacoaij fiovovg tw*' i,vii}id:^(ov antnEnxpav ttjv [xbp 
vnoxpiav ov d}]XovvTEg, EinovTEg ds on ovdev TTQOodt'ovTai avTcov hu 
4. 01 5' '^OtiraToi 'iyvcoaav ovx etii rw ^eXtiovi Xoym aTtonEfiTzofiE- 
I'oi, aXXoL Tivog vnonTov yErofxt'vov, y>ai dEivbv noiriadfiEvoi xal ovh 
a^taaavTEg vno ^aHEdaifiovicov rovto na&EiVy Ev&hg iTZEidt] dvE)^(6' 
Q?](jaVj dcftvTEg ttiv yEvofiEvr^v Ini tm M/jSo) ^vmi.a'^iav nQog aviovg 
'u^QyEioig ToTg EAEivGiv TtoXEfiioig ^vfiiiaxoi iysvovzoy nal TiQog Qeo- 
GaXovg Ufia dfiCpOTEQOig ol avTol oqkoi y>al ^vfiixa-iia yajEatrj- 
cm. ol 5' Ev 'I0o3[.uj dE'AaToj) ETEi, (og ovAETi idvravTO dviE'iEiv, 
^vvE^t]aav TTQog Tovg AcvAE^aiiioviovg igp' w te i^iaaiv in IIeXouoV' 
vriaov vnoaTZOvdoi 'aui ^r^dETZOTE Eni^tjaovzai avTijg ' iiv dt Tig dXi- 
(jAfiTai, Tou Xa^ovTog eIvcu dovXov. 2. ijv 8e ti yiai XQri(5Tt]Qiov ToXg 
yJu'AEdai^o'pioig TIvx^caov tzqo tov, tov rAEzr^v tov /iiog zov 'J&oa- 
fiijza dcfiEvai. 3. i^7]Xdop ds avzoi xai naidsg aai yvvai'AEgf y.ai 
avzovg ^AOr^vcuoi dE^dixEvoi xut E/^O^og ijbi] to Aay.Edaifiovicov ig 
Navna'Azov yazarAiaav, tjv hv^ov r^QtiyozEg rEwazi Aoy.oojy tcop 
'O^oXav i/ovzcov. 4. nqoaEitoQiiaav ds xai MEyaQTig ^AO^qvaloig 
ig ^vniiayiav AaxEdaifiovico'v dnoazdvzEg, ozi avzovg Koqhdioi 
nEQi y7ig oqcov 7ioXE{.iq> yazEly^ov. y.ai toxov 'Ad^ijvam MEyaQU y.ai 
Iqydcj y.cii to. fiaxQci T£t/J/ cpiiodofirjaav MEyciQEuai to. dno TT]g 
ttXEoog eg AHoaiav y.ai EcpQOVQOVP avtoL }iai KoQiv\}(0[g {aev ov^ 
/jy.taza dno tovSs to ocfodQov {xiaog iiQ^azo ttqcozov Eg Adrivaiovg 
yETEa&ai. 

CIV. 'IvdQmg ds 6 "^P'afxixrjziyov Ai^vg ^aatXEvg Ai^vtov tco»» 
fZQog AiyvuTcOf oQficofiEvog in MaoEiag zTjg vtteq <lid,QOv noXscog, 
dnEazqaEV Aiyvnzov tcc zrXtco utzo ^aaiXecog 'Aoza^EQ^ov, yai 
avzog aQ'/oov yEvoixEvog "Adiivuiovg imiydyETO. ^ 2. ol Se, hvyop 
yaQ ig KvTiQOv azQaTEvofiEroi vaval diaAoaiaig aviojv te y.ar zmv 
^vfifidy^MVj ijX&ov dnoXinovzEg t)iv Kvttqov, xal dvanXEvaarzEg dno 
OaXdaa-tjg ig tov NeiXov, tov te nozayLOv nQaTOvvzEg aai Tiig Msfi- 



LIB. I. CAP. CV. CVI. 47 

q)i8o$ r^v dvo [isgojv TZQog to tqItov fisQog, o aaXeTzai Aevyhv heX- 
If^og inoltfiovv. ivtjaav ds avTo&i FIsqgojv y.al Dlijdcov ol y,aracfv- 
yovTtg, xal Alyvnrimv ol [it] ^vvaTteaTavieg. 

GV. ^Adrivaioig ds vavaiv dno^uaiv ig ^Aliag nqog KoQirdiovg 
yal 'EmdavQiovg i^dj^r] ^yivsTO, y.ui ivixcov KoQivdioi. yai vgtsqov 
^A&i'ivaioi ivav[id]^)]oav ini KE-AQVcpalda TleloTZOvvr^amv vavffi, 
aal inxcov ^A&ijvaioi. 2. nolt^iov ds yataatdvzog TtQog Aiyi- 
vijrag 'Ad^tjvaioig fisra Tavra^ vavfia^/ia yiyverai m Aiyivri fxeydlrj 
yLi 'A&7]vai(x}v xal y^iyiri^zmv, xal ot ^vfj-fia^oi sxaztQOtg TTaQrjaav, xal 
ivUoov 'A&t]vaToij yai vavg s^dofii]novra Xa^ovieg aviav, ig tijv 
y7]v dni^riaav yai tTioXioQyovv, AeoayQdzovg zov ^tqoi^ov GTQarrj- 
yovvTog. 3. eTzsira ThXonovvriGioi dfivvsiv ^ovXofiEvoi ^lyivrizaig 
ig filv TTjv Aiyivav TQiaxoaiovg orzlirag, ttqoteqov KoQivO^mv y.a\ 
'EnidavQimv inixovQOvg disj^l^aaav, rd ds dxQa zrjg FfQavsiag 
y.aztla^ov, 4. xal ig zi]v MsyaQida xais^tjcav KoQivd^ioi [tszd 
zojv ^vfAiAd'/^oDVj t'Ofii^ovzeg ddvvdzovg sasad-ai ^AOrivalovg ^otidnv 
zoXg 3IsyaQF.v(jiv, tv zs Alyivri dnovarig azQazidg nolXrig^ xcu iv 
AlyvTZTcg ' ijv ds xal ^oi]&a6iv, an Aiymjg dra(yz^<js(j&ai avzovg 
5. ol ds 'Ad^^vaXoi zo fisv nqog Aiylvi^ azgdzsv^ia ova ixivr^aaVy 
zmv 5' ix zlqg noXscog vnoXoincov ol zs TTQsa^vzazoi xa\ ol vscozUzoi 
dqjixvovvzai ig zd Mtyaqa, MvQcovidov azQazrjyovvzog. (3. xai 
l^dirig yEvo[.tivr]g laooQOTZov TtQog KoQiv&iovg disxQid'riaav an aXXt]- 
Xcovj xai irofxiaav avzot sxdzsQoi ovx 'iXaaaov 'i'j^siv iv z^ SQycp. 
7. xal ol fAsv 'Ad^?]raToij ixQazrjaav ydg bfxcog fidXXov, dnsX&orzaiv 
zojv KoQiv&iojv ZQonaiov 'iazijcav ' ol ds Koqivd^ioi xaxit,6iisvoi vno 
zmv iv zri noXsi nQEa^vziQcov, xal noiQaaxsvaadfieroi rjfisQag vazs- 
Qov dojdtxa ixdXiaza, iXdovzsg dvd^iczaaav ZQonalov xal avzol mg 
nx^aavzeg. xal ol 'A&TjvaToi ix^oj]&i]6avzEg ix zojv MsyaQcov zovg 
zs to ZQonaTov lazdvzag diacp&siQOvai xal zoTg dXXoig ^vfi^aXovzsg ^ ^ 
ixQazriaav. CVI. ol ds vixioixsvoi vns/^wQovv, xal zi avz^v fiuqog 
ovx oXiyov nQoa^iaax^sv xal diaiiaqzov ZTJg odov iasnsaEv 'ig zov 
lonQiov idicozov, cp tzv][£v oQvyfAa fxiya nEQiEiQyov xal ovx jjv s^oSog- 
2. ol ds ^A&ijvaloi yvovTEg, xazd nQoaconov zs siQyov zoTg onXiiaigt 
xal nEQiGTtjuavzEg xvxXq> zovg xluXovc, xaztXevaav ndvzag zov4 
ioEXdovzag, xal ndd^og [liya zovzo Kooivdioig iyivszo. zo ds ttXTj' 
i^og dnsiiOQiiaEv avzoTg ztjg azQazidg in oixov. i' *f "J 



48 eoTKT/iiJOT :E:TrrpA(^ujs. 

CVII. Hg^avTO ds xaza Tovg ygovovg rovzovg y:cu za {xa/.oa 
Tfr/ri fV ■OdXaaaav \4OrivaL0i ol-Aobo{ieTvy to T^ (J^aXi^Qotds nai 
to £g Uuqaia. 2, y.ai fpcoxtav azQaiEvudvrcov ig /JcoQiugy zijp 
^anedaifioricov firjooTioXiv, Eoiov y.al Kvzinov y>al ^Eqiveov, acu 
iXovzcov iv zcov TZoXiafidzcov zovzcov, ol Aa^edaijiovioi Nr/.ouiidovg 
zov KXsoiA^Qozov vtiIq IIXEiGzodvaxzog zov Uavaaviov ^aaiXscog, 
viov otzog hi, iiyovfitvov, i^otj\)^ri<yav zoTg JcoQi&vaiv, iavzwv rs 
■navzay.oaioig y>cu iilioig onXizaig xa) zav ^vfifidxoov fivgioig, y.a\ 
zovg (Jtojytag ofioXoyia dvayydaavzeg dno8ovvai zi]v nohv aTTSxcd- 
Qovv ndliv. 3. KCCi nazd {ydlaaaav fisv avzovg,'dia zov KQicaiov 
hoXtzov El §ovXotvzo TZEQaiova&aij 'A&rivaioi vava) TiEQiTzXEvaavzeg 
EfiEXXov 'AcoXvcjEiv' dia ds Z7jg FEQavEiag ovy. dacfccXEg iqiaivEzo 
avzoTg 'ud&rivaimv Eiovzmv Mtyaga yal Ur^yag TiOQEvsa&ai. dvao- 
86g zs yag t] FEgdvEict ycu iq:QuvQEizo dsi vno 'AO^Tjvaioav y,al 
' zozE ri3&drovzo avzovg fitXXovzag yal zavzrj y.oaXvaEiv. 4. tdo^s d^ 
avzoTg iv BoicozoTg TZEQiiienaoi oyJxpaadai otco zqotico daq)aXtoza- 

'4'a. za diaTZOQEvaovzai. zo ds zi iiat urdgEg zav ^A&7]vai(ov tnJiyov 
avzovg KQvqsay iXniaavzEg dijfiov zs yazanavaEiv aai za fiay.Qo, 
zsr/m oi:<o8o^ov^Eva. /d. f^ojjx^i^aav ds in avzovg ol ^A&rivaioi 
navdrjfXEi, 'auI ^AQyEiojv ^iXioiy.ai zav dXXcov ^vfJindycov cog s/.aazoi' 
^vfinarzEg 8s iytvovzo zEZQay.iu/jXiOL -xai fiv^ioi. 6. roiuaavzsg 88 

^ v> dnoQEiv oTzrj 8iiX&(aGU', inEazQazsvaav avzolg, aai zi y.a] zov St'ifiov 
y.azaXvoE(Jog VTioxpia. 7. tpMov 8s xai QsaaaXMv iTTTiT^g zoTg 
^A&iivaioig itaza zo ^vf4fiayi>i6v, o7 fisztazr^aav iv z^ ^Qy^p ^«i?« 
zovg Aa'AE8aiiioviovg. CVIII. ysvontviig 88 f^dyj^g iv TavdyQa 

'J^L tHig BoicoTiag ivUcov Aay.E8aiu6noi ya\ ol ^viifiayoi, y.ai cpovog 
iysvEzo dfxcpozs'Qoov noXvg. 2. y.al AaHe8ai[x6vioi ^isv ig zijv Meya- 
Qi8a iXdovzsg y.al 8Ev8QOzou)]()avz£g, ndXiv d7i7]XOov in omov 8ia 
FsQavEiag fiai la&fiov ' 'Ad^r^vaioi 88 8svzsQa v.ai E^7]>:oazy zmsQa 
[isza Z7jv fidyTiv iazgdzsvaav ig Boiojzovg, MvQcovibov azQazrjovv- 
tog, aal f^dyri iv Oivoqivzoig zovg Boicozovg nyJiaavzsg, 3. zrjg zs 
l(OQag ixQdz7jGav zrig Boicoziag yal (I^ar/.ibogt nai Tavaygaimv zo 
fstyog TZEQiElXoVy y.al Ao'aq^v zav 'Onoviziccv sy.azov dr8Qag our^- 
oovg zovg nXovaieazdzovg sXa^ov, zd zs zsiyT] za savzcov za fiayga 
HnsziXsaav. (jo^oX6y7]cfav 8s i<al Alymjzai fisza zavza zoTg 
'AOtjraioig, zelyij zs nEQiEXovrsg x«/ vavg naQaSovzeg, cpoQov zs 



LIB. 1 CAP. C IX— CXI. 49 

"f - 
ta^dfiBvoi 4' 7o»' STTSita iqovov. 5. xa« IleXoTzovvrjffov nsQimXev- 
aav 'u4i)t]vaToi Tol{iidov zov ToXfxaiov CTQaryyovvrog' xal to 
vtwQLov to ^ay,Edainorio3v hinQipav, xat XaXyJda Koqivdimv 
noXiv eiXov, i<ai, 2^i'AV(aviovg Iv aTZO^dasi tTJg yqg [id'/^ij SHQazTjaav.'^ 5 ^ J 

CIX. 01 ds iv ry AlyvTZZo^ 'Ad^rivaioL K«f ol ^v^inayoi etzs- 
fxevov xal avtoTg TzoXXat idc'at TzoXt'ficov ^atiarricav. 2. to fiev yaQ 7 v3 
nqmrov ixQaiovv jijg Alyvnrov 'u407jratoif aai, ^aaiXevg nefinei ig ^ 
AaKsdaif^ova Meyd^a^ov dvdqa UtQaijv 'iQrmaTa E^ovtay OTZcog eg J> ' 
T//>' 'Azti'Aiiv SG^aXEiv TTEia&ifTcov rmv IlEXo7iovvriOi(av dii Alyv- 
nzov dnaydyoi 'A&ijvaiovg. 3. cog ds avi^ ov nqov'/^aQEi xa< zk 
^QTJ^aza aXXcjg dvaXovzo, 6 fiev Msyd^a^og yaL. ra Xoi:za zmv 
XQTjfidzmv ndXiv ig zip 'Aaiav Exofii(y&Tjj Meyd^vi^ov ds zov Zoanv- 
Qov TzsfiTiei dvdQa UtQarp fiEza (jzQaziag 7Zo)JJjg ' 4. og dq,iii6fi£- • 
vog naza yrjv zovg zs AiyvTzziovg aai zovg ^vfifxd'/^ovg fid'/n E^qdzTj- 
(JE aal £x zrjg Mtfigjidog i^^Xaas zovg "EXXi]vag i^ai ziXog ig TlQoa- 
aTTizida zijv 'P1160V xazE/iXsKJEj xai etioXwqxei iv avzy iviavzov xaJ 
fjirpag e^ f^^XQ^ ^^ ^?]Qdvag Z}]v dicagv/a xdl naQazQsipag dXXrj zo 
vdojQ zdg zs vavg ini zov ^tjQOv i7zoi7]6s nai zijg vriaov zk noXXh. 
rjTZEiQoVj KOil d'la^dg e'lXe ztjv viqaov tte^i]. CX. ovzo) fj.sv za zmr 
'EXXrpoav TTQdyjxaza iqiO-dgi], e^ ezt] noXEinqaavza* xai bXiyoi dnh 
7ioXX(av TZOQEvofiEvoi did zijg Ai^viig ig KvQtjvT]v ioco&rpaVj ol ds 
tiXeTgzoi ducoXovzo. 2. A'lyvnzog ds TidXiv vno ^aaiXicc iyivEzo 
ctXijv ^AiivQTaiov zov iv zoTg eXeoi ^aaiXtwg' zovzov ds did fiEysOog 
ze zov EXovg ova idvvavzo sXeTv, aai uua fia^ipKazazOL shi zap 
AiyvTizicov 01 eXeioi. 3. ^IvdQcog ds 6 z&v Ai^vcov ^aaiXsvg, og zee 
ndvzct ETTQa^e tt&qi z7jg AlyvTizov, nQodoaia Xf]Cfi&Eig dvsazavQco&r]- 
4. i-A ds zojv 'AOi]vav y.ai zr^g aXXrig ^vufxaxidog TTSvzrj'AOvza ZQirJQStg 
diddo)[Oi nXiovaai ig Aiyvuzov 'ioyov naza zo 3l£rdi](Jiov m-Qagj 
ov'A Eidozsg zav yEy£V7]fiEvcov oi'div. aai avioXg tit zs yljg iTzinsuov- 
zsg TZE^ol '/.al i'A d^aXdaarjg (Jioirixcov vavzixov disqii^EiQuv zdg noX- 
Xdg zav vEmv, al 5' iXdaaovg diiqivyov ndXiv. 5. za [jlIv y,azd zrjv 
[tEydXi]v ozQazEiav 'Adrpaicov aai zwv ^vf-tixd^oav ig Alyvnzov 
ovTcog izsXsvzTjGEy. 

CXI. 'Ek ds OsGcjaXiag ^OQEGzrjg 6 ^E(VAQaz[doi viog zov 
OeaaaXav ^aGiXtojg q}Evya}Vj etzeigev ^Adrivaiovg savzot ^azdysiv' 
y.ai naqaXa^ovzEg Boicozovg xal d^coxiag, ovzag ^VM^ud^ovg, 

3 



60 eoTKTjiJOT ZTirPA^ns. 

*Ad^ilvaloi larQCiJEvaay trjg Osaaa/Jag snl fDuQaalov. v.ai Trig ^h 

yjjg Ikqcltovv oaa jxi] nQOiovreg ttoIv in ti^v OTzXiov, ol yaq itttzTjs 

im' OeGcalav t'lQyov, rijv ds noXiv ov'i eiXov, ovd' alio TtQOvymQti 

avzoTg ovdev cov hey.a icTQaTSvaav, aXX anEycoQrjaav nakiv 'Oqs- 

GTfjv 'iyovx^g anqay.ioi, 2. fxBja ds ravTa ov ttoXI^ vaiegov yiho\ 

'y^d^rjraicov im rag vavg lug iv IJtjyaTg int^avTsg, Eiy^ov d' avroi 

rag Ilriydg, naQinXevoav ig 2Jixvwva IleQr/.Xiovg tov Aavdinnov 

a7Qatr]yovvrogy aal ano^dvreg ^Jiavcoricov tovg TTQoa^i^avrag f^dyi 

iy-QOLTTjuav. 3. yal Evdhg naQaXa^ovtEg ^Ayaiovg yiai diaTzXevaav 

Tsg TitQav, ztjg ^AicuQvaviag ig Olnddag iaTQaTEvuav aal iTToXion- 

Kovv, ov fiivToi tiXov ys, dXX^ ansy^oQ'qaciv^zf o'lyiov. CXII. vait- 

Qov ds diaXiTzovtcov izav rqmv anordai ^lyvoviai IltXoTTorvTjaloig 

aal 'Ad^r^valoig neviaEtsTg. 2. yal 'EXXipixov fisv TZoXt'^iov eayov 

ol ^Ax}7]vaioi, ig da Kvttqov iatQCLjevovTO vavai diay.ooiaig avx^v 

7S xal Tcov ^vfifidycov, Kifjicovog aiQatriyovvtog. 3. oiai i^rjitovra 

fAEV vrjEg ig Aiyvnrov an avimv 'inXEvaav, ^AnvQiaiov ^Ejaniiinof- 

jog TOV iv Tolg eXecj ^aoiXiag, al ds aXXai Kintov EnoXioQyovv. 

4. KljKxivog bs'aTiooavovTog ya\ 7j[xov yErofjirov dnsyiaQ^aav dno 

KiTtiov ' aal TiXsvaavTEg vtteq ^laXaiuvog 7}]g iv Kvttqcoj 0oin^i 

'Aal KtXi^iv ivavfid'ir]aav y>al inEt,oiidyi]aav dfiaj aai vmriaavzEg 

dfKfOTEQa dneycoQrjaav iri o'Uov, ya\ at i^ AlyvTirov vTjsg ndXiv al 

iX&ovaai list avrcov. 5. AayEdaifxonoi ds fiETvc lavxa rov Ieqov 

yaXovfiEvov TToXsfxov iaqdjEvaav, y.al KQaT^aavrsg zov Jv JsXcpoig 

lEQOu naqidoaav AsXcpoig ' y,a\ av&ig vgteqov ^A&ijvaToi, dnoyonQq- 

advTOJV av7(av, G7Qa7Evoav7Eg xal yQa7ijoav7Eg naQ&doaav Qicoysvai. 

CXIII. y.a\ ygovov iyyEvo^ivov fiE7cc zama 'A&i]vaioij Bokx)7cov 

rav cpEvyovzcov iyovrcov ]Oqxo{XEVov yai XaiocovEiav nai aXX a77a 

jfoo^ta 7ijg Botco7Lag, iaTodzEvaav savrav fAsv xtXioig OTzXizaig, rcov ds 

^vfifidyojv d>g sydazoig, inl rd x^^Qici 7av7a noXinia 6v7a, ToX[xidov 

TOV ToXfialov G7QaTT]yovv7og. y.a] XaiQcovEiav sXavTsg \y.ai drdQn- 

TZodlachzEg] aTTEyojQOvv q)vXa-A>]v ya7aa7i](jav7Eg. 2. TTOQEvofitvoig 

ds av70ig iv KoQoavEia ini7i&EV7ai ol 7S i'A 77jg 'OQyofiEvov cpvyadvg 

BoicoT^Vj nal AoyQol jmst av7cov, aal Ev^oicav cpvyddsgy aai oaoi 77,g 

av7i^g yvcofitjg yaav y.al iidy^^ yQa7yaavTEg,T0vg f.iEv discpOsiQavTrnv 

*Adj]vaio3v Tovg ds ^mvzag 'iXa^ov. 3. nai tijv Doi(07iav i^iXinov 

^AOrivaioi Tzdaav, cnovdag noit]adfiEvoi i(p cu rovg dvdqag y.O(Aiovv- 



LIB. I. CAP. CXI V. ex V. ^1^ 

>rat. 4. aal ol q>EvyovTeg Boiooroov xaT£),&6vTsg, y.ai ot aXXoi 
ndvreg, avioi'Opioi ndhv iytpovto. . , ^ «. 

CXIV. Mezd 6s zavza ov Tzolldp vcteqov Ev^oia dntarrj dno 
'A&iivamv y,ul 4* avzfjv dia^e^ijHOiog i]8t] UnQiKltovg GiQctim 
'^di]vaio3v, riyy^ld^ti avz(^ on MtyaQa dq)Earr]XE, yai UeXoTiovvijoioi 
fit'U.ovaiv ta^alaiv ig ztjv '^zzcatJv, Kat ol qiQovQol '^&TjTai(ov 
d(tq)OaQf4.tvoi eiaiv vno M^yaQtcov ttXt^v oaoi ig NiiJaiav d7Ttq)vyov. 
Enayayofisvoi ds KoQivd^lovg 'Aai J^mvcoviovg xai 'EnidavQiovg aTzs- 
(jtrjaav ol MEyaQljg. /b 5« UsQiy.Xijg ndhv Hazcc zdyog ixo^il^s rrjv 
ozQanciP iy, zijg Ev^oiag. 2. aai [A.Ezd zovzo ot IleXonovvr^aioi 
z7ig 'y^zziyJjg ig ^EXevaivayai Qqioj^s ia^uXovzEg^ idijcoaavIlXEiazo- 
draxzog zov Tlavaaviov ^aaiXioag ^ayEdaifiovicov 7jyov[A.ivoVj aal 
70 nXt'ov ovyizi TZQOEX&ovzEg d7iE)(^(6Q7](jav in oUov. 3. yal '^dtj- 
vciioi ndXiv ig Ev^oiav dia^dvzEg, TlsQinXiovg Gzqazijyovvzog^ aazE- 
GZQExpavzo nciGav. yAU 77]v [ytev dXXrjv ofioXoyia xazEazr^davzo^ 
Eaziaiug ds i^or/JaavzEg avzol T7jv y^jv ta'/^ov. CXV. dvocycoQjj' 
cavzEg de dno Ev^oiag^ ov noXX^ vozeqov GTZorddg irzou'jaavzoi 
TiQog ytaytdaifioriovg yal zovg ^vfi^dyovg zQianovzovzEig, dnoboV" 
zsg Nioaiav y.ai Tlijydg y,ai TQOi^TJra yai "Ayatav ' zavza yag 
Eiyov ^Ad^rivuLoi ntXo7ZOvv7j6i(op. 2. E'Azq) ds 'izEi J^afiioig xal 
MiXijaiotg noXsiiog iyivEzo tieqI JJqirivrig ' yai ol MiX^aioi iXao60v- 
fiEvoi 7^1 TToXt'ficp TiaQ 'u4&r]vaL0vg iX&ovzEg xdzE^oav rcov 2Jafii(ov. 
^vvEfiEXafi^dvovzo ds aai i^ avzijg z-ijg ^dfxov dvdQEg idiojzai veco- 
zEQia-ai ^ovXofAEvot zijv TioXizEiav. 3. TiXEvaavzEg ovv 'A&rjvaToi ig 
2Ldnov vavj3i zEaaciQdyovza, drjfxoy.Qaziuv y,aztaz7iaav, yai ofir^Qovg 
thi^ov 700V ^aiAicQv TTEvzTjxovza lilv Tzaldag^ loovg bs avdQug, nai 
y.azi&Evzo ig A7]^rov, yai cfQOVQav iyxazaXiTiovzEg dpEycoQrjaat-. 
4., 7(x)p ds 2^afxio3Vf i^aav yaQ zivsg o't ovy VTiifXEvop, dX)! scpvyov eg 
z^v t/TTEiQOv, ^vvd^ifiEvoi 7ap iv 7X1 ^^Xei 7oTg dvvazcozdzoig yat 
UiuaovO-vri zcp 'Tozdanov hvu^ayiav, og eJ/^s ^dQdsig zoze, ini' 
y.nvQovg zs ^vXXE^avrEg ig STZzaxoutovg dii^ijdav vno vvKza ig ztjv 
^afiop. 5. yai. ttqojzop fASV zqj drifiqj inavEaz7]aav yai iyQdz7]oav zwv 
nXEiGTCoVj tTZEiza zovg ofi/jnovg iyyXt'ipavzEg iy ArifAvov zovg av7^v, 
dni(yzp^aav y.tu zovg cpQOVQovg 70 tv 'A0^7]vai(oVy ycu 70vg uQyovzagj 
ol tjaav naQO. aqiiaip i^idoaap TItaaoudvri, ini zs MiXijzop svO^vg 
fictQEGAEvd^opzo ozQazEVEiv. ^vvansarr^Gav ds avzoTg ycu Bvt,dvziOi, 



62 ooTKr^iJor zrrrPA^ii:^. 

CXVI. ^Ad^ijvaXoi 8s cog ^a&ovzo, TzXsmaviEg vavaiv s^^'Aoria 
ini 2^df4.0Vf tuTg f.i8v sy,y,aid8y.a i^v ■psav ovh i/Qt^aavto ' trviov yaq 
at iilv inl KaQiag 4" nQoaii07ZJ]v rav (poivioacav vemv or/jUitvcu, at 
5' im Xi'ov y.al Ata^ov TTEQiayytlXovaai ^ot^Ohp' rtoaaQiiy.ovza 
ds vaval yai itaaaQGi, TI^Qiy^Jovg de^dtov aviov ojQaTijyovvrogy 
ivavf.id'it]6av nqog Tgayia t^ fTJaop ^a^icov vavoiv s^doiir^y.ovruy 
cov Tjuay at tiHoai OTQaTio^Tidsg ' hv^ov ds at ndaai dno MiXi^zov 
nXsovGcu. 'A,ai IvUmv ^A-&rjraioi. 2. vazsQOv ds avjolg E^oi^&ijaav 
iy, jojv A&r^vmv vrjeg zsaaaQd'Aovza y.al Xicov ^cd Asa^icov nsvis 
x«< s'Uoai^ y.ai dno^dvrsg xat nQaiovvisg rco nstw aTzoXioQxovv tqigi 
t^iEGi ti]v noXiv y.ai, i-A d-aXdaarjg ufxa. 3. IIsQCKXrjg da, J.a^av 
i^rjy.ovTa vavg dno roor iqoQiAovacoVj d^x^io aaza rdiog Ini Kavvov 
nou KaQiag, i6ayys7.&tvTcov on ^hoiviaaai vljsg in avtovg nXtov- 
aiv ' cvy^STO yccQ y.al ly. 7jjg ^dfiov ntvxs tuvgi ^iriaayoQag y.ai 
dXXoi ml Tag (Doiviaaag.^ CXVII. iv rovxm ds ol jLufuoi i'^ani- 
vai'mg sAnXovv TZOiTjadfisroi, dqjQdxzcp rm cTQaionidcp sninsaoviEq 
rdg TE nQoqjvXaxidag vavg disq)d^Eioav, xal vavixa'^ovvzEg rag drrct- 
vayofitvag ivr/.tj^avj y.al TTJg ^aXdaarig zjjg y.aO' savjovg Ey.QdT^6av 
riHwag nsQl TEuaaQao'AaidEy.a, y.ai iasy.ofiiGavTO y.ai E^Ey.ofn'aavTO a 
E^ovXovro. 2. iXdovrog ds TIsQiy.Xsovg ndXiv taig raval yaiEnXEi- 
G&ijaav. y.cii ea Tav 'A&7]v63v vgteqov nQoas^o'rj&jjGav TEGGaod- 
y.ovia iilv at fiSTcc Oovxvdidov y.al 'Ayvcovog yai fpoQiiimrog rJjsg, 
Ei'y.oGi ds al f^iErd TX7]noXtfiOv aal '^vTty.Xtovg, ea ds Xiov aat 
A'dG^ov roidy.QVTa. 3. y.al rav^aiiav fitv riva ^QayHuv snoi^- 
aavTO ol ^duLOi, ddvraroi ds ovtsg dvziGXEir, E^snoXioo^n'jOijGav 
Evdzcn fxrjri, yal nooGEiiOQrjaav OfioXoytn, rsixog rs y.aO-tXorrEg y.ai. 
6}ii]Q0vg dovTsg, y.al vavg naQadoviEg, y.al yQiniara ik dvaXco&EVTa 
yard iQovovg tatd^Evoi dnodovvai. ^vvi^ijaav ds y.al BvL,dvtioi 
ojonsQ y.al nQoxsQOv vnviy.ooi slvai. 

CXVIII. Msra tavza ds ijd}] yiyvExai ov noXXoTg etegiv vgts- 
Qov id nQ0EiQ)]ii8i'a, 7« Ts KcQAVQaiKa aai ta IIoTidaiariHa, y.ai 
oaa nQocpaGig rovdE zov noXs^iov y.azsGTJj. 2. tavra ds ^vixnavza 
oGa snQa^av ol "EXXijvsg ngog zs dXXtjXovg xal zov ^dg^aQOv, iyt- 
vszo Iv sTEGi nsvz/jAOvza iidXiGza {isza^u z?jg Ssq'^ov dvaycoQi^GEcog 
nal zrig aQyjjg zovds zov no7J^ov ' iv o'tg 'Ax^r^vaToi zi]v ze aQyljv iy- 
KQazEGZEQav y.azcGzr'iaavzo xca avzol inl fiiya iyooQTjGav dwajXEcog. 



LIB. I. CAP. CXIX. cxx. 53 

01 8s jlay.edaii4.6nQi aiaO^ofiEvoi ovz.s ixcaXvov el fit] em §Q^x^f riav'^a 
t,6v re JO TiXeov loh XQOVoVj bvteg fisv y.ai ttqo tov (xri raieig ievai eg 
Tovg 7To)Jf4.ovg, el ni] dvayACi^oiVTO, to da ji xal TzoXef^oig oiHeioig 
e^eiQyofXEvoi, tiq\v 8)] tj dvva[.i(g zav ^A&rivaimv Ga(f<^g ijqeto ital 
rijg ^vni^apag avicov qntovzo. tots de ovxezi avaoj^ETov enoiovvTOf 
alX emieiQiiTea idoaei elvai ndaij nqodviuaf y.a\ y.a&aiQezea tj 
la^vg, rjv dvrcavTai, aQafievoig t6v8s tov Tzolefiov. 3. avTotg [asv * 
ovv ToTg Aa)ie8ai(jiovioig 8ieyvco(jTo XeXva&ai ts Tag 6nov8ag y.a\ 
Tovg ^A&rjraiovg d8rAeiv ' TZE/xxpavteg 88 ig Jelcpovg enrjQmrcov tov -\ ^ 
■&ehv £1 TtoXeixovaiv aiieivov eatai. 6 8s dvelXev avroTg, ag Xeyezai, 
yara ^ndzog Tzolefiovai vikijv ecea&ai, yal avzog ecpri ^vlX^xpsad^ai ?f-^ 
yal TzaQaxaXoviievog nai dxlTjTog. CXIX. av&ig 8s zovg ^vfi^d- 
yovg TTaQayaXeaavieg ipr^cpov e^ovXovTO tnayayeTv el ^Qt] TzoXsfisTv. 
yal eXd^ovTcov rcov nQSG^soov dno Trig ^viifxaiiagj yai ^vr68ov yevo- 
fiivijg, ol Te uXXoi eiTzov a e[iovXov70y yazt^yoQavvreg ol nXeiovg toov 
'^&rivaio3Vf xai tov noXeiiov d^iovvzeg yevea&ai, yal ol Koqivdioi, 
8e}]devTeg {xev yai 'Aara noXeig nqozenov txdaToov l8ia ojgts xp7](j)i- 
caaDai tov TioXefiov, 8e8t6Teg ttsqI tti noTi8aia firj 7TQo8tacf&aQV^j 

nuoovTsg 8e yai tots yai zeXevraToi IneX&ovTeg eXeyov roid8e. . 

CXX. l^ovg fuv Aaye8atjioviovg, co dv8Qeg ^vfAf^a^oi, ovh dv 
ezi alziaaaiiAE&a, dog ov yat avtol eipTjcpiGfxtvoi rbv noXefiop elai, 
yal Tjudg eg Tovro vvv ^vvrjyayov. 'xQrj yaQ Tovg riyefxovag tk \8ia eS, '^^ 
I'aov vtfi,ovTag rd yoivd TiQOCjyoneiv, (oansQ yai ev dXXoig ex TzdvTcov t< 
TiQoriixmvzai. 2. tjix^v 8s oaoi fisv ^A&ijvaioig 7J8r] evj]XXdyi]aav, >- 
ov'/l 8i8axrig 8iovTai ojgts q^vXd^aad^ai avtovg ' rovg 88 tijv fisGo- 
yeiav {jloXXov ya\ fit] ev nogop yatcpyjifzevovg el8evai yr^Q^ on roig 
yaTco i]v fit] aiivvmGi, laKencoTSQav et,ovGi ttjv yaTaxofiiotjv toov tA 
d)Qai(ov y.ac ndXiv dvTiX?]\piv cov t] -OaXaaGa Ty ijTTeiQcn 8i8(aGi, yal 
Tav vvv Xeyofievcov fiq xaxovg y.Qirag ojg fii] TZQOGtjxovTOJV ehai, ^^ 
nQ0G8tieG\}ai 8i tzots, el tu xdrco nqooivTO^ vfdv fitjQi Gcpt^v to 
8eivov TZQoeX&SLVj xai ttsqi avjoov ovyi fjGGOv vvv ^ovXeveGd^ai. 
3. 8i67ZSQ y,ai fuj oxveiv 8ti avtovg tov TToXsfiov dvi elQj]vr]g fASTa 
Xcifi^dveiv. dvSQOJV ydq GcoqjQovav fiev eGTiVy el fi?] d8(xotvTo, ijuv- 
id^eiv, dya&av 8s dStxovfievovg ex fiev eiQ^vijg noXeixeiv, ev 8g (\ 
TzagaGyhv ex noXeiiov ndXiv ^vi^^Tivaiy xai ixjjzs tri yard tzoXsixov \^ 
iVTvyia enaiqs^d^aij {^.^ts tm rjGvpcp rrjg eiQriviig 7]86[4evov ddixei- \— » 



54 eoTKTJiJor ZTrrPA^^iis. 

adai. 4. TS yaq dia tijv rfiovriv oxvcov rdj^tCT av aqaioE^ct?! 

rlqg Qctatmrig to rsQTivov, di* otzeq o-aveT, ei Tjavidt^oi. o te bv 

TToXtficp tvTvxfn Tzlsovd^cav ov'A ivTE&vix}]Tai d^qdaEi dnlarcct Inai- 

QOfiEvog. 5, no7J.a yctQ yiaxojg yvma&tvza ol^ovIozeqojv rmv Ivav- 

Ticov zvxovTa xatcoQ&co&t], y>al hi tzIeoo a xaXcog doxovvra ^ovXev- 

■&7jvai ig tovvaviiov alaxQOjg TiEQisazT]. ivd^viiEizai yaq ovdElg ofioTa 

zy niaxEi y>ai tQycp STiE^EQ^ETai, dXXu ^et daqjaXsiag fiEV do^dl^o- 

^Ev, [.lETa dtovg ds iv T(p EQycp eXXelttoijlev. CXXI. ij^iEig 5« vvv 

aai ddrAOVfXEvoi rov 7i6Xe[xov iysiQOfiEv yal ly.ard E^ovtEg iynX^fxaraj 

'Aol btav dfivvcofAEO^a '^&7]vaiovg, nara&i^aofiEd^a avtov iv 'aiuqw. 

2. 'Aara TioXXii 8s ijfiug einog ETZiKQairjoaij ttqojtov ^xev tiX^&ei 

nQCv'/^orrag yai EfXTTEiQia TioXEfiiyS], ETTEira ofwioog ndvrag ig la 

ncQayyEXXoiAEva lovrag. 3. vavny.ov te, cp iaivovaiv dno trig vnaQ- 

Y^omrjg te Exdaroig ovoiag i^aQzvaofiEd^a, aai dno zav iv /lEXqoig 

aai ' OXv^TJiK iQTijjidjcxiv. ddvEixjf^ia yaq TTOiTjaufXEvoL vnoXa^tTv oiol 

r iafisv fiic&cp ixei^ovl Tovg ^ivovg avr&y yav^drag' mnjirj ydq 

^^'&7]vaicov 1] ^vvafJLig fiaXXov y oly^Eia ' i) ds TjfiETEQa iiaaov dv 

TovTO Tid&of, ToTg Gco^aai ro nXiov laivov6a tj zaig iQri^aoi. 

4. lua 78 viyri vav^ia)[iag y^ara to Eixog'dXiayovTai' ei d' dvri- 

GioiEV, fiEXEJ'^-aofA.Ev xai Tjf^ELg iv tiXeovi XQovop id raviixd. yai orav 

Tijv E7ziaT7jfX7]v ig TO laov yazaazi'jaco^Ev, zy ys Evxpviin d/jnov tzeqie- 

aonEx^a. ydq rumg 'i^OfiEv qvoEi dyadov, ixEivoig ova dv yivouo 

didapy d' ixELVoi iniGTtiu'q nQOvy^ovai, yaOaiQEtiov ^jaiv ion 

(/.eXetij. 5. yQ^fiaza 8' (aaz e)[eiv ig avtd, oiao^sv y 8eivov dv eu], 

El 01 fiEv iyEivcov ^vfifja'/^oi ini SovXeik zy avtcov (pEQOVTEg ovy, dm- 

Qovuiv, TjfiEig 8' im ro) TifiooQOVfxEvoi tovg ii&Qovg yai. avroi afxa 

a^^Ea&ai om dga 8anavriaofXEv, 'acli ini zw fiy vri i-AEivoav avrd 

dcpaiQEdivzEg avtoig rovTOtg yaxmg ndaiEiv. CXXII. yndgyovai 

8e xat dXXai b8o) noXi^iov rjf^i-v, ^vfifidymv ts dTzoazaaig, judXtaza 

TzaQaiQEaig ovaa z^v nQoaoScov alg ioyvovGi, aai imjEiyw^og zy 

X(i>Qa, dXXa zs oaa ova dv zig vvv 7tqoi8ol yy.iaza yag noXEixog ini 

Qi]zoig yo^QU, avzog 8s dcp avzov zd noXXd zE^vdzai nQog zo naga- 

zvyydvov. iv (p 6 [isv svOQyyzmg avzcp nQoao^iX/jaag ^s^aiozEQog^ 6 

ds oQyia&Eh nsql avzov ova iXdaaco nzaisi. 2. ir&vficofis&a 88 

yal ozi, El fisv yaav yfAOJV hdczoig nQog dvzmdXovg nsQi yrjg oqmv 

tiacpoQai, oiazov dv yv ' vvv 8s nqhg ^vf^navzdg zs yndg 'Ai^tiiaioi 



LIB. I. CAP. CXXIII. CXXIV. 55 

Inavol xat aaza noliv hi dvvaTmtSQOi ' oxjte, eI itq aai adQooij nai 
naza e&pr] KOi aaaazov aazv [xta yvcofxri afivvovfieda avTovg^ dixa 
ye ovjag rjfiag auovcag ysiQcoaoviai. iial rrjv ijGaav, el aal deivop tq) 
uHomaif idTG) ovy. ciXXo ii (peqovaav // dvrixQvg dovXeiav. 3. o xal 
Xoyq) ivdoiaax^Tivai ah)[QOV tri IleXoTiovvrjaoj), xai TZoXeig roGaads 
vno fxiag y>ay.07ia&eTv. iv cp ?] dinaicog doKoTfiev av ndayeiVj i] dia 
deiXiav avs'/^ea&ai, aal tmv naieQcov ^eiQOvg qiaivea-&ai o1 trjv 'EX- 
Xddcc TjXev&s'Qosaav' rifieXg be ov8^ rjfuv avtoTg §e§aiovfA.Ev avto, 
rvQavvov de e^iiEv eyAdd^eardvai noXiv, tovg 5' ev (.ua fJiovaQiovg 
d^iovfiEv aaraXvEiv. 4. aal ova laiAEv onoag zdde TQimv tav [leyi- 
6ZCOV ivfK^OQ^v d7zrjXXay.T:ai, d^vveaiag ij [xaXayiag tj dixeXeiag, ov 
yuQ dr] TiEcpEvyozEg lavta em t:i]v nXEiaiovg di] ^Xdipaaav 'Aaza- 
(fQovtjaiv KEimQi'i'AazEj T] E'A 70V TzoXXovg aqjdXXsiv to ivaviiov ovo^a 
dcpQoavvTj fiETcov6,ua(jrai. CXXIII. tcc iiev ovv nQoyeyevrnjiiva ri 
del ixayQOTEQOv, rj sg oaov roig vvv '^vfiq)tQEi ahidoQai ; tzeqI ds 
zmv enEira fisXXovzcov zoTg TTaqovai ^07]&ovvrag yqi} eTntaXaiTKo- 
QEiv ' ndzQiov yaQ ijyuv ex, toop tzopcov zag aQSzug xzaoO-ai ' y,ai firj 
fi.£za^dX)^iv zo a&og, eI uQa nXovzcp ze vvv y,(U i^ovoia oXiyov tiqO' 
cpbQEZE' ov yaQ dixaiov d zy dnoQin 8KT)]dy zifj TZEQiovaia dnoXe- 
a&ai' dXXd O^aQGOvvzag lerai yazd noXXoC eg zov TZoXefiov, zov t« 
4yeov iQijaavzog yai avzov vnoaiofjitvov ^vXXri\fj£6&aij y,ai z'^g dX- 
Xijg 'EXXddog TzdaTjg ^vvay(x)Viovfj.tvr]g, rd ^lev cpo§(p, zd de (hq)eXe(a. 
2. anovddg ze oh Xvaeze TTQozeQOi, dg ye >icil 6 d^Eog yiEXExxav 
7zoXe(ieiv vo{iit,ei TzaQa^e^da&ai,, Tjdi}it]fiEva(g de fjidXXov ^oijOi]- 
aeze' Xvovai ydq ovy ol dfivvojxevoi, dXX oi ttqozeqol eniovzeg. 
CXXIY. (f)6ze navzayodev yaX^g vnaQyov v^Tv tzoXe^ieiv, xai 
I'IfZmv zdde xoivy TiaQaivovvzmv, eltteq ^e^cuoiatov zo zavza ^vfiqie- 
Qovza yea TzoXeui yai Idicoraig Eivai, ^// [zeXXezE IIoTidaiazcug ze noi- 
eiG&ai TifiojQiav, ovai /Icoqievgi yai vno Imvow noXio()yoviJ.evoig, 
ov TTQOZEQOV i]v zovvavTiov, xui zwv dXXcov iiEzeXdeiv zr^v iXev&e- 
Qiav. 2. d)g ovyJzi ivdeyezai neQifievovzag zovg f-iev i^dt] ^Xdnze- 
^d^ai, zovg d\ el yvcoGdr]a6[A,£&a ^vvEXdovzeg fisv, dixvvEG&ai de ov 
ToXfZMVieg, fir] noXv vGzeQov zo avzo ndGyeiV dXXd vofiiaavzeg 
en dvdyyriv dqjTy&ai, w dvdQEg ^vfifiayoi, yai ana zdde aqiGza 
XtyeGOaiy \pj]q)iGaG{)'e zov noXEfiOv, [Vj q^o^tj&evzeg zo avzincc dei» 
vovy zljg 5' an avzov did nXeiovog EiQiltijg ini&vi^rJGavieg' in noXe< 



66 . eOTKTzlI/iOT ATrrPA<I>II2. 

-- fiov fABV yuQ eiQijvrj {.ia)2ov ^^^aiovrai, acp Tjavxicts ds fxr] Ticls^lq 
crai oi'x ofioicog axirdwor. 3. y.ai rijv :ia&e6TJiy.vTav iv tJ 'Ellddt 
noXiv TVQavvov r/yTjad^sioi im naaiv ofxoLcog y,a{ye(JTdpai, cadre fc5y 
fisv rfit] uQieiv, twv ds diaro£TG\}ai, 7TaQaaTf]uc6fiE{)-a sjis/Movzeg, 
yat avTol dxirdvvcog to loinov olxoof^ev, yal 70vg vvv dsdovXoiut- 
vovg E).X)]vag iXevd^EQcoacofiEv. TOiavra oi KogivO^ioi elnor. 
""y CXXV. 01 ds ^ay.edaifionoi STTSidt] dtp dndrrav Tjxovaav 
yvcofxriv, \pri(fov inriyayov xoTg ^vi^/xd'/oig dnaaiv oaoi naQijduv s^?jg 
aai fisi^on y.ai. iXdacon tioXei' y.ai to nUidog' Ixp^t^iaavTO no- 
XEfiSLV. 2. dedoyfitvov ds avzoTg evdvg [asv d^vvara ^j' iTzr/siQeiv 
anaQaa'AEvoig ovatVj i'AnoQit^Eo&ai 8s idoy.si sxdaroig a TTQoaqfOQa 
Tiv xat fxrj Eivai fitXXrjaiv. ofAOjg ds y.ax^taTafxtvoig (^v idei snavtog 
fiev ov di£TQi^7]j kXaaaov dtj tiqiv so^olXsTv eg rijv ^^ztiy/ijv ycd ibv 
SToXsfiGv aQac&ai gjavsQOjg. CXXVI. iv tovzoj ds sttqcO^svovzo 
7fJ j^Qorcp TZQog rovg^A&tivaiovg iyxXijiiaza 7ioioi{ieroi,o7Z(X)g ccpiaip 
on fisyiazr] TZQOcpaaig eitj top noXsixelv, rjv fx^ ti iffaHovcoai. 2. xcti 
7i(i(ozov fisv TTQt'G^sig TTs'fixpavTsg ol Aa'AsdaifAorioi iailsvov rovg 
u4&r^vaiovg to dyog iXavreiv zijg '&eov ' to ds ayog Ijv TOiovds. 
3. KvXcov i]v 'OXvfiTziormjg dvrjQ ^A&rivaiog to^v ndXai tvysvj.g 
T5 xai dvvazog' fyeyafA7]'Aei ds x^vyarsQa Oeaysvovg MsyuQtcog 
dvdQogj eg v.ai ixsTvov toviQOvov STVQdvvsi Msydnoov. 4. yQcofxsrrp 
ds TOO KvX(on Iv AeXq,oTg dvsiXev 6 '&e6g, iv ttj tov /liog t?/ fteyiazy 
soQi"^ yazaXu^siv 7T]v ^Ad^rivaioav dnQonoXiv. 5. 6 dl Trand zs zov 
Osaytvovg dvvafiiv Xa^wv y.ai zovg qiXovg dvanslaagy insid}] sttJ^X- 
•&SV 'OXvfinia zd iv nsXo7ZOvvj]6(pj yaztXa^e t?jv dy.noTToXiv ag ini 
ivgavridi, vo^iaag ioQrtjv te rov ^log fAeyiazTjv shea y.vu iavt^ ri 
fTQoarjy.Eiv ^07,vfinia venyrj'AOTi. 6. ft ds iv tij 'AzTiny, t} dXXoD^l 
noVf rj [isyiuTTj soqztj siqtjto, ovjs iysTvog 'izi xazEvoijas^ to ts finv- 
teTov ov'a id)]Xov. E6TI yaQ y.ai 'Ad^rjvai'oig /fidaiUy a yaXsTzai 
Jiog S0QT7] BIeiXc/iov fiEyiazT], e^co tijg TzoXscog, iv ij TzardruEi x>voV' 
aiy noXXoc ov^ IsQETa dXXd -Ovfiara ini^toQia' do'Amy ds oQdcjg 
yiyvmaxEiv inEiEiQiias r^ ^Qy^'?- 7'- ol d' 'AO-tjvfdoi aloOo^svoi, 
i^o/^&r^adv te navdmis\ iy. Tav dyotov in avzovg, y.al TZQoaxa&sto- 
fiEvoi i7ioXi6Qy.ovv. 8. ^qovov ds iTZiyiyvofikvov ol ^Ax^r.vaXoi tqv- 

r j;o/^H'Ot tJ itQOGEdQEU dniiX&ov ol no7.Xoiy iniTQixpavzEg toTg ivvsa 
aQy^ovai z/^y q}vXay.rjry yai to ndv avzoHQuzoQai diaOslvaij 'q uji 



LIB. I. CAP. CXXVII. 3XXVIIL 57 

KQiata diaytyvojd'Acoai ' tote ds ia nolXa tcov TTohttHoav ol ivrea 
aQ'/ovtfg 87TQaaaov./ 9. ol 8s fieza tov KvX(ovog 7zoXiOQ>iovfiEvoi 
^plavQoog e7)[ov clzov ts aal vdarog anoQia. 10. 6 fisv ovv Kv7.(ov 
•/«« 6 adtXcfog avzov ixdidQa(j>iovc!iv' ol 8" aXXoi cog mitt,ovto nai 
Tipeg '/.al cf.ntOvi^ay.ov vno lov li{.i0Vj xad^i^ovaiv stti jov ^cofiov Ixs- 
T(u TOV Bv 771 ^y-QOTToXsL 11. avaarj]aavTeg ds avTovg ol 7av - * 
^d^r^vaioav iTtiTETQCifipitvoi r)jv q^vla'Aijv, cog scoocov anoO^vijaxovzag '^' 
tv TO) ItQm, iq) (p fir^dsv aaabv noujcovaivj anayayovrsg amy.r£ivav ' ^ 
y.a&atofiBvovg ds tirag aai Ini tav OEiivrnv ■Oeav iv ToTg ^afioTg iv ' 
ri] TzaQodoi di£'j^QT](javT0. 'Aai anb rovzov ivayeig 'acu ahrtjQioi 
zJjg -O^EOv ixEivoi TE E'AalovvTo, y,a\ TO yt'vog to an iy.EivoDv. 
12. i^Xaaav fisv ovv y>ai ol ^^.&vyaloi Tovg ivayeig Tovzovg, 'nXa- 
Gs ds xal KXsofievt'ig 6 JtaxEdaifionog vct^qov fiEza ^^dip'aiouv ^ r 
(jzaaia^ovzojv, zovg te ^aviag iXavvovzEC t:xt tcov TsiyvEmToov to. 5 
haza avEXovzsg s^^^aXov ' xaiTJX&ov (isvzoi vazsQOv^ nai zo ytvog 
avToov saziv sti ev zy tzoael UAAVll. zovzo of] zo ayog Oi 
Aayitdaijiovioi iXavvEiv eheXevov dij&EvzoTg '{}soig ttqoozov zijuooqovv- 
zsg, EidoTEg ds IlEQiyXta zov Aavd^innov nQOUE^oixEvov avzm aaza 
zj]v fi?]zt(}a, y,al vofii^ovzsg SKTZEOovzog avzov qccov ocpiai nQO^ooQEiv Y^ii 
za aTTo zav ^A&rivaicov. 2. oh fitvzoi zoaovzov riXnit,ov nad^siv 
av avzov zovzo, oaov dia^oXi]v oiasiv avzm nqog z^v tzoXiv, cog xa« 
8tazt]v ixEivov ^vfj.q}0Qav zo fitQog sazai 6 TZoXsfiog. 3. av yaQ dvvU' 
zmzazog zav y.ad^ iavzov xai aycov zi]v noXizslav ijvavziovzo nav- 
za zoXg ylayEdaifiovioig, yal ovk Eia VTzsiyEiv, a/X ig zov tzoXehov 
coQiia zovg ^Ad^rivaiovg. 

CXXVIII. ^AvzekeXevov bs 'Aa\ ol ^Adr^vaToi zovg udaxEdat 
fioviovg zo (XTTo TaivaQOV ayog iXavvsiv. ol yaQ yianEdaifxovia 
avaaziioavzEg tzoze iy, zov Ieqov zov IIouEidcovog ano TaivaQOi 
zojv EiX(azo3V rAEzag, anayayovzsg ditrpd^EiQav " di hv drj nai aqiaif 
avzoig vofxiCovai zov fityav oekj/xov yEvtaOai iv SnaQzri. 2. eke 
Xevov ds aal zo ziqg XaXxiolxov ayog iXavvsiv avzovg' iytvEzo d^ 
roiovds. 3. inEidq Uavaaviag 6 Aa'Asdaifioviog zo ttqoozov fiEza 
TTEficp&E^g ino ZTzaQziazcov ano zr^g aQiijg zTJg iv 'EXXr^anovzcp, ^ 
y.al yQi&E]g vn avzoov ansXyd^rj }trj adixEiv, di]fj.06ia fxsv ovxszi \^ 
i^£ntfiqi&}], idia ds avzog tqiijqti 7.a§cov 'EQiiiovida avEv Aaysdai^' 
jtoimv aq^ixvEizai ig 'EXXijanovzov ' zm {-isv Xoycp ini zov EXXtpi* 



68 eoTKTJiJor ZTrrPAfpii:! 

Kov TioXefiOv, T^ ds BQycp to. TTQog ^aaikia TtQay^iara TTQoiaaup, 
(oaneq xat to TiQarov i7Z8^eiQi](yEv, iq,it'iA,Evog 'ElhfVr/Jjg ccQ/Jig* 
4. tveQysaiav ds ano zovde ttqojtov ig ^aai)Ja y.ait&ETO y,a\ tov 
navjog TTQciyjiarog clqi^v £.noii]aaTO' 5. Bu^dpziov yuQ eImv ry 
UQOTtQoc naqovalrc fieia triv ix Kvttqov ava'/^ojQr^aiVj tl'/^ov ds Mt^doi 
ai'to Tiai ^acnXtmg TZQoatjxovtsg zivsg xai ^vyysvsTg, ot idlojaav iv 
avz^j tors tovzovg ovg sla^ev duoniiinsi ^aaiXei KQvqja twv dXltav 
^vf4fid'/a)Vf lai ds Xoycp dnidQaaav avzov. 6. inqaaat ds tavza 
fiEzd Foyyvlov zov ^EQEzgiscag, wtteq sntzQExpE to ze Bv^dvziov 'auI 
■zovg ai'j[l^aX(ozovg. STtEfixpE ds aal iniazoVr^v zov Foyyvlov cptQov- 
za avzqi ' ivEysyQUTTZo ds zdde iv airy, cog vgzeqov dvsvQbdij, 
7. Ilavaaviag 6 tjyEiiav z7ig ^ndQzrig zovods ze aoi iaQi^Ea\>ai^^ 
§ovl6{^£vog unoTiEfiTZEi doQi iX(6v, xal yv(aixf]v noiovfiou, si hoi aol ""*■ 
doxEiy -dvyazEQa ze z?]v at]v y^fiui xa.i aoi ^ndQZjjv zs xat ziiv 
uXXtjv 'EXldda vtto^^eiqiov TzoiJiaai. dvvazog ds do'Am slvai zauza 
TTQu^ai fiEza aov ^ovlEvoysvog. el ovv zi as zovzav dQE6XEiy TZtf^Tzs 
uvdQu Tziazov sni ■&d/.aGoar di' ov zb lomov zovg Xoyovg Tzoifjoof^E- 
■&a. CXXIX. zoaavza fisv rj yQaq:i] id/jXov. ^tQ^rjg ds I'laO^q ze 
zij imazoXrj xal dnoazEXXsi 'AQzd^aL,ov zhv 0aQvd'Aov inl -OdXaa- 
aaVy xal xsXsvei avzov zr^v ze /JaaxvXiziv aazQansiav naQaXa^siv 
Msya^dzijv uTzaXXd^avza, og tzqozeqov J/QX^j ^(^l TiaQa JJavaaviav 
ig Bvt,dvziov EniazoXriv dvzsTTEzi&Ei avzw cog zd^iazu diamuxpcu, 
xai 7//y 6q)Qaycda d/zodEi^ai, Mai ijv zi avzcp JJavaaviag nagayytX' 
Xri tteqI zo)v eavzov TZQayftdzcav, nqdaaEiv dtg agiaza xal mmozaza. 
2. 6 ds dcpixofiEvog zd ze dXXa i7T0ii]aEv ojotzeq ei'qijzo xal ztjv sni- 
azoXijP ditTTEfixpEV avzEysyQanzo ds zdds. 3. ^^ds Xtysi ^auiXsvg 
AtQ<r]g riavaaviftj xai zcov dvdQWVy ovg ixoi ntQav ■&aXd(T67]g ix 
BcL,avzL0v saooaag, xEtzat aoi svEQysaia Iv zcp ri^iszEQCQ oixcp iaasi 
didyQaTTzog, xai zoTg Xoyoig zoTg dno aov aQtuxofiai. xal as fi/jzE 
rv^ fitjx)^ ijfiSQa ETiiGXEzci) coazE avslvai TZQdaasiv zi d)v sfioi vniaxv^j 
fitjds XQvaov xal dgyvgov daizdvy xsxcoXva&co, [tr^ds azqazidg nXijdEij 
£1 fioi dsl naQayiyrsa&ai ' dXXd fxsz 'y^Qzafd^ov dvdQog dya&ov, 
ov ooi snEfjLxpa^ nQaoas -O^aQuav xai zd ifia xai zd od otztj xdXXi- 
» ara xal dqiaza t^Ei dficf^ozsQOig. CXXX. zavza Xa^mv o Flav 
oari'ag zd ygd/iffaza, wv xai tzqozeqov iv fisydlcp d^ioj^uazi vrzo 
zcov 'EXXr^vwv did zt^v TlXazaia.aiv i^ysfioviav, tioXIc^ zoze fidXXof 



LIB. I. oAf. GXAXl. CXXXII. 59 

tjQzo xai ov>i8Ti iidvvccTO iv TQ) naOaazTjHOTi TQomp §i07Eveiv, c.XXa 
axevug rs M?]di)iag ipdvdfievog fx zov Bv^avttov i^yei, aai dia t?js 
OQnHTjg TTOQEvof^evov avzov Mijdoi nal Alyvnzioi idoQvqjOQovv. 
2. TQUTze^dv TE UeQamyv naQETid^ETO x«« najtieiv zi]v didvoiav olx 
rfivvciTOj aAA' tQyoig ^Qa^iai TZQOvd^lov a ry yvoj[4ri (XEit,6vcog iatnEi- 
ra sf4,EXXE TTQa^Eiv. dvaTZQoaodov xe avzov TzaQETiE, y,al ry OQy^ 
ohzoj ^aXsny e^qtiio eg ndvjug ofxoicog, ^gte fiTjdsva dvvaa&ai 
TZQoaihai^ diOTZsQ aat Ttqog tovg ^Ax^r^vaiovg ov^ jjmaTa tj ^vfi- 
fia^ia [iEtearr]. CXXXI. ol ds ^axEdaifionoi aia&ofiEroi, to te 
7ZQ(arov di' avra ravza dvExdlEcav avzov, not ETiEidi] zy 'Egfiiovidi 
VTii zo dEvzEQOv inTiXEvaag ov ^Elsvodvzmv avz^v zoiavza icpaivEzo 
TTOiojVj x«« ix zov Bvt,avziov ^ik vtz 'A&rivalcav ixnoXiOQXijd^slg 
ig filv Z7jv 2^7idQZ7]v ovx ETzavEiMQEi, eg ds Kolcovccg zag TQcpddag 
IdQvd^Eig, 7rQd6(J(ov ze iar^yyEXXEzo avzoTg TiQog zovg ^aq^dQOvg, xai 
ovx S7Z dya&^ ztjv ^ovt]v noiov^Evog, ovzco 8rj ovxezi Entaiovj dX- 
Xd m^jixpavzEg xr^Qvxa 01 EcpOQOi nai cavzdXi^v tJnov zov MjQvaog fiij 
XtiTiEaOai, El ds jMjf, 7z6Xe[j.ov avz^ ^naqzidzag ngoayoQEVEiv. 2. 6 
ds ^ovX6fj,£vog cog ^maza vnonzog slvai nal TZiazevoov XQW^^'' ^^^' 
XvoEiv ztjv dia^oXijVj dvs'^coQEi zo dsvzEQOv ig ^^TzaQzijv. y.ai ig [asv 
zr^v EiQxz?]v ianiTizEi zo ttqojzov vtzo zojv icpoqcov ' e^sazi ds zoTg 
^T^^iqjOQOig zov ^aaiXia dqaaai zovzo ' STZEiza dia7TQa^dfj.Evog vazEpov 
il^ijXd^E, aa] aad-iaztjaiv iavzbv ig HQiatv zoig ^ovXof^ivoig tteqI avzov 
iXiyjEiv. CXXXII. Y,ai (^avsQov ii\v slyov ovdsv ol 2^naQzidzai 
GTjfxEioVf ovTE ol iy&QOi ovzs Tj TtuGa TioXig, ozq) dv TziozEvaavzeg ^* 
^E^aiosg, izi(jio3QOvvzo avdQa yivovg zs zov ^aaiXtlov ovza aal iv 
T(p naqovzi ziftrjv sfovza ' TIXEiazaoy^ov yaq zov jisowldov ovza 
^aoiXia Ka\ viov tzi dvExfJiog o^v inszQOTiEVEv ' 2. vnoipiag ds noX- 
Xdg 7raQ8T]^E, zy zs naQavo^ia nal ^tjXcoGEi zoov ^aQ^dQcov, fii] i'aog 
^ovXsa&ai sJvai zoig TzaQOvat, zd zs dXXa avzov dvEuxoTZOvv eizi 
nov it,Edtdirizi]zoz6}v xa&Eazazav vof^ifiojv aai on inl zov zQinodd 
nozE zov iv /tsXcpoXg, ov dvix^saav ol EXXTjrsg dno zoSv Mtjdcor 
dnQodlvioVf Tj^icoGEv ijTiyQdipaa&ai avrog Idia zo iXsyEiov zods^ 
'EXXrjvcov aQiriyog ins), GZQazov ^Xsas MijdoDv, 
JJavaavlag (I^oi^cp }ivi]iJL dvid^r^-AE zods. 
3. zo iilv ovv iXsysiov ol AanEdaiiiuvioi i^sxoXaxpav tvOvg zots 
dno zov zQiTiodog zovzo, -/rat imyqaxpav 6vonaai\ zag noXsig ogqh 



CO oorKTJijor srrrPAC>ii2, 

^vyxaOeXovaai tbv ^ccQ^aQOv 8at7^aav zo avad^mia' 7ov fiivTOi 
Uavaaviov adr/.r^f-ia ^al jovz idonei eJvai, xac ETisidrj Iv jovzcp 
y.a&eiaTrjUety noXXcp (jiaXXov naQOfioiov nQay&r^vai iq)aireTO 7^ 
TTaQOvarj Siaroia. 4. iTivvd^dvovTO dtxat is tovg EiXmzag TiQciaaeiv 
71 avioVj aai r^v 8s ovzcog' iXev&tgcjaiv is yaq vnKS'ptlzo avToTg 
^ai TToXiTEiav, 'ijv ^vvETzavaaiwfyi nai ib ttccv ^vyy.aieQydamvzai, 
5. aXX ovd ag olds twv EiXcozcov fir^vvtaTg tiai Tziazsvaavzsg 
7^^ia}Gav 'VE(6z£Qcv zi TTOiEiv Eig avzovj igmfiEvoi zm ZQoncp qmeg fioj- 
■&aaiv ig aqjag avzovg^ fitj za^Eig sirai tieqI avdQog ^naQZidzov 
(AVEV dvaiKfio^rizi'izoav ZEXfirjQicov ^ovXevgui zi avijy.ECJzov, nqiv ys 
dfj avzoigj dog Xtyszai, 6 fxEXXmv zag ZEXEvzaiag ^aai7.£i ImazoXag 
TTQog 'AQzd^aC,ov yoniEiv avr^Q 'AQyiXiog, TrmdiHa tzoze coV avzov 
i<ui Tiiazozazog ixEtyqi, firjvvzr^g yiyvEzai, dtiaag y.aza ivd-t>[zt]6iy 
ziva ozi ovdsig n(o zav nqo iavzov dyytXcov ndXiv dcpUszOj 7ta\ 
TzaQaTzoir^GduEvog aq:Qayi8a, ha ijv \fj£va&y ztjg do^i^g ?} xal ixEifog 
zi fiEzayQuxpai alzr^ari, fxij iTziyr^, Xvei zag ETiiazo7.dg, iv aig vnovO" 
tjaag zt zoiovzo TZQoaETZEazdXd^ai yai avzbv evqev iyyeyQafinivov 
nzEivEtv. CXXXIII. zozE ds ol t(fOQOi dei^avzog avzov za yqd^i- 
fiaza (xaXXov (jlev inlazEvaaVj avzij^ooi ds ^ovXi]{^ivzsg tzi ysvtod^ai 
avzov Uavaaviov zi Xsyovzog^ dno TzaQaaxsvJjg zov avd^Qtanov in\ 
Talvaqov Ixizov olj^ofASvoVj xai Gxr^vijcafxivov diTzXtjv diacpndyixazi 
aaXv^i^v, ig rjv zojv zs iqjOQoov ivzog zivag sx^vxpSf yai IJavaaiiov 
dog avzov iX&ovzog xai SQOozwvzog Zijv TiQocfaaiv zTig i>:tzEiag 
i^aO^ovTO Tidvia caqioog, alzioofA,Evov zov dv&QcoTZOv za ze tzeqi avzov 
yQaqit'vza xal zdXX dno(^aivovzog y.ad^ exaazovy ag ovdev ticottote 
avzov iv zaXg nQog ^aaiXia 8ia'A0viaig nuqa^dXoizo, TTQoziinjOEii] 6* 
iv lacp zdlg noXXoTg zdov diaxovoov dno&avEiVy xdy.Eivov avza zavza 
^vvoi^oXoyovvzog not tteqi zov TzaQjovzog ovh idovzog oQyiXsa&af^ 
dXXa maztv ix zov leQov didovzog zTjg draazdascog, y.at d^iovf- 
zog dog zd'/^iaza noQEvso&ai aal fu] za nqaaaonEva dtuxcoXvEiv. 
CXXXIV. dnovaavzEg ds dxQi^mg zozs fih> drrJ^Xx^or ol sq.oQOi, 
Btjiaicog ds r^dij sidozsg iv zij tzoXei zt]v ^yXXTj-ipiv inoiovvzo. Xtys' 
zai 3' avzov y fxsXXovza ^v7.Xt^q)\}ijaEa\}ai iv zy 6dm, ivog [xev z^t 
iqjOQCov 70 TZQoaooTZOv TiQoaiovzog dog tlds, yvojvai i(p (p f/cJ^^/, al- 
lov ds vEVfiazi af/:ccm ;(OJj'(J«,ai:Vot; y.ac dqXmaavzog ti'voia, TZQog zo 
Ieqov z7]g XaXatoUov ^co^Tiaai dooftqi y.ul nQOnazuctvytir ' i^v d' 



LIB. I. CAP. CXXXV. CXXXVI. 61 

iyyvg 10 z^fisvog. y.ai ig oixt]Lia ov fir/a o iiv rov leQov iaeX&cay, 
Iva fjiT] vnaid^Qiog zakainmQohj^ ijovia^ev. 2. ol ds to naQavrUa 
fiav v(JZEQ?](jav ry dico^ei, iaejcc ds tovto iov ze or/Juxajog tov oqo- 
cpov acpeiXoVj y>al tag d^vQag, hdov ovra zriQtjaavisg avToVy xat 
OLTzoXa^ovTsg a'iacx), anqrAodofxtjaaVj TTQOGHa&t^oiASvoi is i^ETzoXioQ- 
KJ]aav Xifi^. 3. ytai {xtXlovrog avzov anoipvisiv coaTzeg sl)^sv h r^ 
ol/Jiixaiij ai(Jx}6fi8voi le i^dyovaiv in tov tegov hi t[A.7zrovv orra, 
'Aul 8^axx)^t]g anid^dve TzaQaiQlqua. 4. xat avzhv iiA,sXXr]aav fjilv 
eg TOV Kaiddav ovneQ Tovg iicvAovQyovg if^^dXXsiv ' aTzeita tdo^s 
nXrialov nov natOQv^ai. 6 ds d^sog 6 iv /lsXq}oXg tov ts raqjov 
vcTSQOv 8)^Qf]GE ToTg ^axsdaifiorioig fiSTSvsyxsTv ovueq driE&avE, nal 
vvv asiTai iv Tcp 7TQ0TEiA.£viai/,aTi, yQcccpji CTTjXai drjXovaiy xat cog 
dyog avToTg ov to TZETiQayfiivov dvo cm^cLTa dvd^ spog tyi XaXmoi- 
'Acp dnodovvai. ol ds noujadiiEvoi yaXaovg dvdQidvzag dvo ag dvil 
riavaaviov dviOEaav. CXXXV. ol ds ^A&r^vaToif cog ycai tov 
■&E0V dyog xQivavTog, dvTEnsTa^av zoTg AaKsdaiiiovioig iXavvsiv 
aviO' 2. TOV ds M>]di6^iov tov JJavaaviov Aav^sdaijAovioij ttqe' 
o3sig 7X8fi\pavT£g naQcc TOvg '^&i]vaiovg ^vvEmjTimvTo aal tov Oe- 
[iiaToxXsay cog tvQiaxov ix Tmv tzeqi Tlavaaviav iXsyycov, ij^iovv ts 
Tolg avToTg y^oXd^sad^ai avzov. 3. ol ds Tzsicr&tvTsg, hvys ydg 
(aoTQamG^svog y.al 'iycov diaiTav fisv iv "AQysi, iTziqjoiimv ds y>al ig ",, 
Trjv dXXijv TlEXoTZovvrjaoVj 7it\u7T0V(ji fLETci Tmv Aa'iisdaifxovicoVj ^ 
STOt'fxojv bvTOJV ^vvdicoHEfVy drdQug olg eiqijto uyeiv onov dv nEQitu- 
yoauiv. CXXXVI. 6 ds QsfiiCTOxXtjg TTQoaiG&oftEvog cpsvyEi ix 
nsXo7Tovv)]oov ig KsQKVQaVj mv avrmv EvsQyezrjg. dsdisvai ds 
cpaaxovToov KEQxvQcucav syeiv avTOv co6te Aaxsdaijtorioig xcu 
^A{y^vaioig d7Z8y\}s6&ai, diaxofxi^szai vn avTwv ig ttjv tiTtsiQOv Tt]v 
xaTavTi'AQV. 2. xai dicoxof^svog vno Tmv nQOGTETayixivcov Kazd, 
Tzvativ 7/ XcoQOirj, dvayxd^8zat xaTa ti dnoQOv naqd 'Adfzrjzov tov 
MoXoaaodv ^aaiXia oiTa avTc7;> ov qiiXov xaTuXvoai. 3. xai 6 ^sv 
ov'A 'izvysv inidmimv, 6 ds Tjjg yvvaixog Ixirrjg ysvofXEvog diddaxstai 
vn avTTJg tov Tzaida aqjav Xa^oov xaO^il^Ea&ai ini ttjv iatiav. xal 
iX&ovTog ov TioXv vcteqov tov ^AduijTOv dr^XoiTE og iatiy xai oix 
a^ioTy El Ti dqa avTog dvtElTzsv avTW 'A&]]vai(ov dsofisvcp, (fsvyovia, 
Ti^(x)Q8Ta&ai. xal yaQ dv vn. ekeivov tzoXX^j da&ErsaTEQOv iv t^ 
naQovTi xax^g ndGysiv, yswcuov ds shai Tovg oftoiovg dno tov 



62 eoTKTji/joT ATrrPA(iiU2. 

laov 7(fi(i)Q£Lod^ai. nai afia avrog filv i-ASirq) XQdag iivog aai ovn 
ig TO (7co//« (jct}^£a&ai Ivavzim&livai, Ikhvov if uv tl iadoitj avior, 
Eincov v(f cov xat iq) (p diaxsiai, ccozijniag av rt^g '^v/jig anoaze- 
gr^aai. 6 ds axovaag uviazjjai re avzov fisra zov savzov vitogj 
ooCTteQ y.ai t/^cov avzov ixax^i^ezOj y.al fi^yiazov ijv r/Jzevfia zovzo. 
CXXXVII. aai V6Z8Q0V oh TZoXX^ zoTg ^a-Asdaiixovioig nul 
A{}r^vaioig DMovoi aai tzoDm elnovaiv ovy, ixdidcaaiVj dXX kno- 
azUy.u ^ovXouevov cog ^aailm TzoQSv&Tjvai im ztjv izsQav -O^dXaaaav 

^^ TZE^y eg Ilvdpav zqv 'ydlE^drdgov. 2. iv ?j oXxddog zv'iav dvayo- 
f^it'rr^g in 'Icoviag xai BTZipdg aazacpeQSzai ^Eifimi Ig zo '^^rjvaicov 
GZQazoTzedov o tnolwQ-AEi Nd^ov. >c«/, viv yccQ dyvoog zoTg iv zrj 
vi](y dsiaag q:Qd^£t rqj ravHXiJQCp oozig iazl xal di^ a (psvysiy xcu el 
fi7j ocoaei avzoVf tcpT] iQEiv ozi '/^Qi^fiacn TZEia&elg avzbv dyEi' zijv ds 
f daqjdXsiav elvai fir^diva ix^tjvai ix zljg f$ojg i^iy^Qi nXovg yevtjzai ' 

iA TZEiOofiivcp 5' avz^ /«{?'>' dTTOfivrjaEa&ai d^iar. 6 ds vavxXTjQog 
TTOiEi ZE zavzaf xai dnoacO.Evaag i]^EQav y.ai rvyaa vtzsq zov gzqu- 
To:iidov, vazEQOv dopiyvEiiai ig "Ecf.EGOv. 3. ycu 6 OEfU6zoy,X7]g 
ixEivov ZE id^EgdjiEvas ^Qtnidzcov docjEi, ijXd^E ydq avzqj vczeqov ea 
ZE "A&riv^v TzaQcc tmv cpiXmv xal i$ "AQyovg a VTZE^ty.Eixo, aai 
uEzd zoSv y.dza} IlEQaojp zivog tzoqevi^e}^ ^»ca, iam^niEL yQUfifiaza 
cjg ^aciXia '^Qzo^iQ^ijv zov At'g^ov vecogzi ^aaiXEvorza. 4. idt]- 
Xov d' y yQOt.(fi\ ozi 0£fj.i(JzoxX7jg ?/xco TzaQU ot, og aaaa fxsv nXtioza 
'EXXrivcov Etgyaafxai zov vfiizsQOV oly.ov, ogov ^qovov zov gov nazEQCx. 
ijzwvza ifiol dvdyyri J]f.ivv6ur^v, tzoXv 5' ezi TiXeio) uyadd, ineidi] iv 
7cp uaq;aXET fxev i^oi, iy.Eivcp ds iv i7ir/,ivdm(p ndXiv ?} dnoxoiabq 
iyiyrezo. yai [loi EVEQyEGia ocpEiXEzai, ygdipag ir^v iy. ^aXafiTvog 
TTQodyysXGiv zijg dva'io3Qi]GEcog y.a\ Ti]v zav yEqjvQmr, /jv xpEvdag 
nQOGETTOir^Gazo, zozE di avzov oh didXvGiv, yal vvv e/cov ge fXEydXa 
uyadd dQUGai jrdQEifiL diojyofiEvog vno zojv 'EXXipcov did zyv cj/;*' 
(fiXiav. ^ovXouai 5' iviavzov iniGX^v ahzog goi tzeqi wv ijy.co 
dtiXmGai. CXXXVIII. ^aGiXevg di, cog XiyEzai, iOavfxaGt ze 
avzov 7i]v didvoiav aal iyiXevs tzoieXv ovzmg. 6 d' iv zip XQorcp ov 
intGx^, '^^^ nsoGidog yXcoGor^g ogo, 7]dvvazo -AazEvoijGE nut, zoSv mi' 
xr^dEviidzcov zrjg xtoqag ' 2. dcptHOfisvog ds fiEzd zov iviavzovj yiyve- 
zai TzaQ ahzcp ^iyag, xal oGog ovdEig nm 'EXX/jpoov, did ze zi^p 
^QOuTrdQxovdoip dgiiaaiv xal zov 'EXXvivixov iXnida, r^v vneziOtt 



LIB. I. CAP. CXXXIX. 63 

vLVT^ dovl(6aEiv, fAciXiGTa ds anh tov nuQav didovg ^vvi^rog (fmve* 
a&ai, 3. jjV ')'aQ 6 QsfiKJioxXijg ^e^aioraza dtj qjvaeojg laxvv drjXcS"} 
(jag, ical diacpeQOVTcog ti eg amo fxcilXov iitQOv a^iog daviicnyai. I'* ^ 
oixEia yaq ^vvsaei, xat ovzs TTQOfAa&mv ig avijjv ovdsv ovz inifia- 
i^ooV, Tcov rs naQaiQljfJici 8t^ llaiiGTijg ^ov}S]g nQaTiazog yvcofxcov^ 
xal rav ixsllovrcov Im TzXeTatov zov yevrj^Ofxtiov aniazog eixaazTJg, 
xal a fi£v [teza x^^Q^S ^X^h ^^^ i^t]y^(jaa&ai o'log za' cov ds arzsiQog "^ 
eirjj HQivai laavmg ova aTzijlXay.zo. z6 zs af.isirov ij x^^Q^'^ ^^ ^^P 
aqjavH 'izi nqoemQa fjidXiaza. y.ai to ^vf/,7zav eiTzaiv, qivasmg {aev 
dvvdfiEi, fisXszyg ds ^Qaxvzrizi, aqdziozog 8q ovzog avzouxsdia^eiv 
ra dsovza eytvezo. 4. voaijaag ds tsXevza zov ^lov ' Xtyovai ds 
zivsg y>ai saovaiov q]aQfidyjp dno&avsTv avzov, ddvvazov ro{AiaavTCi 
thai STTizeXtaai ^aaiXsi d vnsox^^o. 5. fivrjusiov ^sv ovv avzov iv 
MayvTjaia iazi zy 'Aaiavri iv zy dyoQcc zavztjg yuQ tjqxs zr/g 
"^(OQOLgj dovzog ^aaiXscog avz^ Mayvrjciav fxsv aQZOv, i] TTQoasqiSQS 
Tzsvt/j'AOvza zdXavza tov iriavzov, yfdfiipaxov ds oJvov ' sdonei yag 
TzoXvoivozazov z^v zozs sivai ' Mvovrza ds oipov. 6. zd ds oczd 
qiaai xofxia&Jp'ui avzov ot nQoat'i'Aovzsg oixads y.sXsvaavzog insivov 
-KOI zsd^ljvai yQvq)a ^^d^rjvaiayv iv zy 'Azziy\i ' ov yuo i^7]v {^dnzsiv 
dig im TiQodoaia cpsvyovzog. 7. zd fisv y,aza llavuaviav zov 
AaasdaifAOviov aa\ Osf^iazoyXsa zov "'Adrjvaiov, XafinQOzdzovg 
ysvofxsvovg zoov y,a& savzovg 'EXXi]V(x)Vy ovicog szsXsvztjasv. 
CXXXIX. Aaysdainovioi ds sm / ^Iv z^g 7ZQc6zi]g nQsa^siag 
zoiavza snsza^dv zs ya). dvzsysXevad^i](Jav ttsqi zmv ivaydjv ztjg 
iXdaeag ' vgzsqov ds cpoiz^vzsg ttuq ^A&t]raiovg Ilozidaiag zs 
djiaviazaa&ai iytXsvov yal Aiyivav avzovofiov dq)(svai, yai [AdXi- 
tjzd ys ndvrcov ya\ IvdrfKozaza nQOvXsyov, zo ttsql Msyaqscov yjijift- 
»7/ia ya&sXovGi firj dv yevsaO^ai noXs^ioVy iv cp siqtjzo avzovg [xrj XQ^~ 
iSx^ai zoTg Xipisai zoTg iv zy AO^^jvaicav dnxy f-irjds zy 'Azziy.ri dyoQa. 
2. 01 ^ 'A&rjvaioi ovzs zdXXa vmjyovov ovzs zo ip}](j)iG[Aa y.aO^yQOvv 
iniyaXovvTsg insQyaaiav Msyagevai ztig yljg zijg Isqdg yai zljg 
doQiazov, x«^ dvdQanodav vnodox^v zmv dcpiazafiivcov. 3. ziXog 
ds dqiiyofisvmv zihv zsXsvzaiojv ^Qtu^scov iy Aaysdaifiovog, 'Pafj,- 
cpiov zs acu MsXriaiTTTiov ya\ ^Ayriadvdoov, yea Xsyovzcav dXXo fisv 
ovdlv C3V TTQOZSQOv slxadsGav, avzd ds zdds, ozi AaysdcifAOvioi 
iovXovzai zfjv siQi'ivriv sivaiy siq 5' dv si zovg "EXXijvag avzovciwig 



64 eorKTJiJOT STrrPAti>ii2. 

uqittts, 7TOi7]<javreg Ey.y,Xr]6iav ol '^&?jvaioi yvcoi^ag aqiiaiv airoli 
7ZQ0V7i&e<jaVj >tai idoxsi anaS, tzsqI anavroav ^ovXEViya[i,svovg anO' 
yiQivaadai. 4. yiou naqiovreg a),Xoi rs noXXol tXeyoVy In afiqioiS' 
Qa yiyvofievoi taig yvo3[xaig, xal G)g ^qri TioXefisiv xal mg [li] ffinodiov 
elvai TO '^.^/](piafia dq'qvrig, alia Kax^eXsTv, xa« naqEl&av IleQiy.Xijg 
Actv&iTTTZOVj avf]Q nax iysTvov jov ^qovov nQmrog '^&j]vai(X)Vf 
) Jyuv 7S yioi nqdaaeiv dvvarc6ratog, na^f^vei roidds. 

CXL. T?jg fisp yvwfir]g, co "Ad^rivaioij du Trig avTTJg ejofiaif [irj 

rtixsiv Uelonovvriaioigy y.aineQ eidag Tovg dv&QcoTZOvg oh Ty avzy 
OQyri dvanei&oixtvovg ts noXsusTv xat iv t<J) eQyqi TzgdaaovTag, TTQog 
V ^ 5« Tag ^vfzqjOQctg xai Tag yvcofiag TQsnofitvovg. 6q^ 8s y.a\ vvf 
^ bfioXa y.a\ naQanlriaia ^vfi^ovXsvTta fxoi ovra^ viai Tovg dvanudo- 
Kj uivovg vfiav diaaioj ToTg y.oivij do^aair, i]v dqa tl >:al acpaXXcofie&a^ 
P^ §ori&BTvj ^ fir^de y.afoq&ovvTag TTJg ^vvsasoag nnTanoiELod^ai, ivdi- 
^ * jf€T«i yuQ Tag ^vf.iq)0Qdg Tmv TZQayfiaTcov ov^ tjaaov d^a&ojg X^Q^I' 
X aai ? xat Tag diavoiag tov dv&QcoTzov' dioneg xal t}]v tv'/jjv, oaa 
•y. av TzaQcc Xoyov ^vf/^"^ sico&a^Ev alzidad^ai. 2. ytay.edaijionoi ds 
^ fTQOTenov TE d7]Xoi ijaav iTzi^ovlevovTsg TjfiTv y.ai vvv ovjr rfAiGTa. 
^ elor^fxerov ydq dr/.ag (isv t&v 8iaq;6Q(ov dXX/jXoig didorai nai dt-j^s- 
*^. a&ai, txEfv Ss snaTEQOvg a t'/^ofiEv, ovra avTol dixag ttco xitriaav ovts 
> T]f4.av didovTcov dtjovzai, ^ovXovrai bs TZoXt'ixqt fiaXXov rj Xoyoig Ta 
tyy.X/jjjiaTa diaXvsa&aij nal iTiiTdaaovTEg ^di], aai ovxeti aiTiconEvoi, 
(^ ndqEiGi. 3. IloTidatag te ydg dnavLGraadat ^iEXsvovaiy nai Ai- 
"^ yivav avTovofiov dq)i.tvai xa« to MsyaQtoov ip^qjiofia y.ad^aiQSiv ' a 
\ 8s TsXEVTaioi oi8s 7Jy,ovTEg Tial Tovg ''EXXrjvag nqoayoQEvovoiv avzo- 
vofiovg dq)i8vai. 4. vfiwv ds [xjjds^g vofAiai] tzeqi ^Qa^sog av tioXeheXv 
u TO Msyaoicav 'ipi](j,ia^ia f^rj yiadtXoifiEv, otieq ^dXiara TZQoi'XOVTaiy 
el xa&aiQE&Eit], fit] dv ylyvsa&ai tov noXsixov ' fxrfi^ iv vfiiv avroig 
SJ ahiav vnoXinriai^B cog did fii'AQov iTToXEfiiiGazE. 5. to yao ^Qajy ti 
Tovzo TTuaav vf^oov sysi t]]v ^E^aicoaiv y.a). nslQav Ti]g yvcofirjgj olg ei 
^vy^aQ^aETE, y.al dXXo ti ^ei^ov Ev&vg iTZiTax&^asa&Ey mg q;6^cp xai 
^ tovzo vnayovaavTEg ' dniaxvQiodiiEvoi 8l aa^plg dv naTaazyaaizs 
^ avzoig dno tov icov vfiiv fidXXov nQoacfEQEa&ai. CXLI. avzo&Ev 
8rj diavoij&tjTs rj vna^^ovEiv nqiv ti ^Xa^rjvai, t] eI noXEpjaonEVy cog 
V. ^fxoiye dfXEivov 8oxel shaij aal etu fisydXri y.al etzi ^Q^X^iff ofxoicog 
TTQOcpd^Et iiri (i^ovTsg fjii^ds ^vv cfo^cp E^ovTeg d xExz/jixEx^a. Tip ya(i 



LIB. I. CAP. CXLII. 65 

avTj]v bvvarai dovlcoaif ?] zs fisyi.aTr] acu iXayiart] i^iaaiooatg ano 
7C0V ofioioiv 71 QO di'Arjg ToTg ■Tztlag iTZiTaaaouevrj. 2. rk ds TOii 
TzoXtfiov xal TOdv sxareQOig vnaQ'/^ovzcov cog ovk aOf&evtazsQa £§c 
fiev, yvmzs naQ- enaazov axovovzeg. 3. avzovQyol zs yccQ eiat Tle- 
XoTiovv/jaioi, nai ovzs idia ovze iv noiv(^ ^Q^ftazd iaziv amoTgy 
STTEiza, ^Qovicov TzoXefiODV nai dianovzlcov aneinoiy dia to ^Qay^loag 
avzoi In iitXXi]y.ovg vno neviag t7ziq)8Qet,v. 4. y,ai ol zoiovzoi ovze 
ravg nXriqovvzEg ovze Tie^ag uzgaziag TzoXldxig r/,nt}inEiv duravzai, 
ano z&v Idioov zs afia dnovzegy y,at dno zcov avzav danavwvzcg^ 
aai TiQOutzi y.ai d^aldaarjg elQyofisvoi' 5. at 8s TzeQtovaiai zohg 
7zoXt[uovg fidXXov t] at ^laioi iacpoQai dviyovQi. aco^uaai zs szoifiozs- 
QOi 01 avzovQyol zmv uv&qojtiojv rj )[Qi]fiaai Ttolsf^eTvy zo (ilv Ttiazov 
e/ovzeg ix zav aipdvvcov y,av TTSQiysvia&aij zo bs ov ^b'^atov ^rj ov 
riQoavaXmasiVy dXXmg zs y.av naqa do^av, ottsq sinog, 6 noXsnog 
avzoTg fir^y.vvrjzai. 6. jm«/|/ f^^v ydg inn nQog anavzag EXXrivag 
dwuToi IIsXoTiovvrjaioi aai ol ^vn^iay^oi dvziaisiv, noXsfisiv 83 firj 
TiQog ofxoiav dvziTzaQaaasvljv ddvvazoi, orav fji^zs ^ovXsvzriQic^ svl 
yQcofisvoi 7raQa)^Q7ind zi o^t'cog STZizeXmai, ndvzsg zs laoxpricfoi ovzsg 
nai ov^i ofiocpvXoi zo sc^ savzov ey.aazog OTisvdri ' i^ ojv (fiXei fii]dsv 
snizsXtg yiyvsa&ai. 7. yai yctq ot fisv <x)g fidXiGza zifiojQ^fjaa&ai 
ziva ^ovXovzaij ol ds cog i]iiiezcc za oinsia qj&sTQai. yQOvioi zs t,vn- 
orzsg iv ^QuyeT fih fi0Qiq> aaOTTOvai zi zav noivav, zc^ ds nXsovi zd 
olxeia fiQaoaovGi. xai sxaaiog ov naqd ztjv savzov d^iXsiav oiszat 
BXdipsiv, [xiXsiv ds zin yal dXXw vttsq savzov zi TtQo'idsJvy ojgzs zco 
avzm V7Z0 dTzdvzcov idia do^dcfiazi Xav&dvsiv zo yoivov dd^Qoov 
qj&siQOfisvov. CXLII. fisyiGTov 8s zi] zav yorifAazcov Gndvsi aco- 
XvGovzaiy ozav oy^oXri avzd TTOQi^of^svoi 8iafxsXXco6i ' zov 8s ttoXsuov 
ol yaiQoi ov (.isrszoi. 2. nal [a,?]v ov8' tj snizslyiGig ov8s zo ravzi- 
aov avzcov d^iov (fo^ri&rivai. 3. zriv fisy yaq yaXsnov y.ai iv siQr'ivi^ 
noXiv dvziTzaXov rranaffHsvdaaaOai, ijnov 8>] iv noXsiiia zs yai ov^ 
tjaaov iasivoig rjfxojv dvzsTZizszsipafisvmv. 4. qjQovQiov 5' si noii^ 
(lofzaiy zijg fisv yJjg p.dnzoisv dv zi fjisQog TtazaSgoixaig aal avzo- 
fjioXiaigy ov fxsvzoi izavov ys sazat imzst/J^siv zs itooXvsiv rjfidg 
nXsiaavzag ig zr]v insivojv, "nal, i^nsq loyyonsvy zaig vavaiv dfivrs- 
c&ai. 5. n7Jov ydq ijusXg tyof.isv zov y,azd yrjv ix zov vavzmov 
innsiQiag, ^ iy-sXvoi in zov y.ai ijnsiQOv ig zd vavnnd. 6. to 8a 



66 ooTKTJTJor srrrpA0H2. 

tijg -O^aXdaaT^g InKJirifjiovag yerta&ai ov Qctdicog avzoTg nqoayEv^ad' 
rai. 7. olds yao v[itTg, fisXETavieg avzb ev&vg anb zmv M/;5/xo5y, 
i^£iQyaax}t nco ' nag dtj drdQeg yeooQyo] y.ai ov d^aldaaioi )ia\ nqoC' 
iti ovds fieXeTrjGai taaofxEvoi dia to vcp 7juav TToXXaig vavalv del 
icpoQfiHG&aif d^iov dv tl dg^sv ; 8. nQog [isv yocQ oXiyag iq)Oo- 
fiovaag xdv diaxivdwEvaeiav, 7iXp,&8t 7t]v dfxa&iav ^QciavvovTBg, 
noXXaig ds eiQyo^epoi ijcfvidoovaij ^ai iv tqj ^^ ^sXEiavzi d^vvs- 
taTEQOi BGOvTai aal 5t' avzo xal oKvr^QotEQOi. 9. zo ds vavziHOv 
TE)[VT]g iaziv coansQ Ttai dXXo ri aai ovh ivdt'/^Erai, ozav zvyrj, ix 
naqigyov fisXEzdcO^ai, dXXd fidXXov ^tjdsv ixEivcp ndqEqyov dXXo 
ylyvEGd^ai. CXLIII. si zs nai, xivjjcavzEg zojv 'OXvfXTzidaiv ?} 
/IsXcfioTg yQTj^dzojv, fiiad^cp fisi^on tzeiqc^vto ijii^v vnoXa^Eiv rovg 
^Evovg zoov vavzm>, f^tj onzoav fisv 7]fioov dvzmdXmv ia^dvzcov avzav 
rs y.at zmv fiszoixcov Seivov dv ijv' vvv 8s rods rs vndQyEij xat 
onsQ iigdziarov >iv§EQVfjzag syofiEv noXizag^ xat r^v dXXrjv vTrrjQE- 
aiav TzXsiovg xai dfisivovg rj nuaa ij dXXrj 'EXXdg. 2. xal stzl z^ 
xtvdvvm oi'dsfg dv ds^aizo zwv ^tvmv z/jv ze avzov cpEvysiv, y.a\ fiEzd 
zijg ijGaovog^ aficc EXnidog oXiycov ijfiEQoiv trsy.a fiEydXov ^lo&ov 
doGEcogf EXEivoig ^vvaycovi^EU&ai. 3. yat zd fisv TlEXonovvricjmv 
tfioiys zoiavza xai naQanXriaia doysi sJvai, zd ds r/fiszEQa zovzav 
zs covTZEQ ixEivoig ifiSfiipdfiTjv dmjXXdyd^ai yai dXXa ova dno zov 
160V fzsydXa iyEiv. 4. riv z sni Z7]v yoogav Tjfxojv ns'Ci^ 'ioaaiv, Tj^Eig 
ETZi zijv ixEivcov TiXEVGOvfAEd^a, yai ov'AkTi ly, zov ofioiov tozai TIe- 
XoTTOVVijaov iiEQog zi zfir]&ijvai yal zijv ^Arziyriv dnaoav. ol ^sv 
yuQ ovy t^ovaiv dX7.i]v dvziXa^Eiv diiayi, ijfiTv dt lazi yTj tzoXX?] yal 
iv vqaoig yoLt yaz ijtzeiqov. iiiya ydq zo ztjg d^aXd^arig ygdzog. 
5. Gytxpaa&s dt' st ydg ijfisv vtjaimzaif zlvsg dv dXiinzozsQoi yaav ; 
you vvv ygrj ozi iyyvzaza zovzov diavorjO^EVzag zijv filv yr^v yal 
olyiag dqisTvai, zjjg ds d-aXdaatjg yai noXsmg qjvXayijv syEiv, yai 
TIsXo7iovvi](sioig vtzeq avz^v oQyia&Evzag TioXXcp tiXeloci fit] diafid- 
'y^saO^ai' yQazrjaavzs'g zs ydq av&ig ovy iXdaaoai piayov^s&a yal r^v 
aq)aXmjj.EVy za zmv ^v^i^dyoDv, o&ev iayvofXEVj nQoaanoXXvzai' ov 
yuQ ijGvydaovdi /<// lyavoSv ij^mv ovzoov m avzovg azqazsvEiv' 
t^v ZE oXoqvQGiv fii] olyimv yai yrjg Tzoma&ai, dXXd zcov aoandzcov' 
en ydn rdds zovg drdQag, dXX ol dvdQsg zavza yzojvzai. yal eI 
^y-f^v TTEiCEiv vfidgj avzovg dv i^sXO^ovzag iyeXsvov avzd dijoiaat 



LIB. 1. CAP. CXLIV — CXLVI. 67 

'nat del^ai TleXoTzovvtjGioig on tovtcov ys. tvEna vv'i vTranotxjEa&s, 
CXLIV. TToXlcc ds 'ACii uXla k'yco ig iXnida icv neQitaeadaiy 7(9 
td^tXriTa oLQ^^v zs fjuj IniKjaad^ai a^a TToXsfiovrifig, xal xivdvrovg 
avO-aiQt'zovg firj jTQoaii&saxyai. fialXov yaq neqjo^ijfjiai Tag ohdag 
i]fA,6Sv a{i.aQTiag jj tag rmv ivavzicov diavoiag. 2. dXX iy.eiva fiev 
yai iv aXlcp Xoyqy a^a roig tQyotg dijkco&riaetai' vvv be Tovrotg 
dTTOHQivaLiEPOi diiOTiEiixpcoiAEv, MsyaQtag fxsv oti idcyofXEv dyoqa 
Y.ai hfAEai XQ^^^^ij h^ ^«* Aay>E8aiji6vioi ^EvrjXaaiag [xij Tzoiaai 
^7]zs ij^cov [A^rs zcov ijuezeqcov ^Vfjiiid'/^CDV ' ovis ydq ixEivo xooXvei 
Ev taig GTZOvdaig ovie rode ' tag ds noXEig oti avtorofxovg dcp^Go- 
fiEVj El xal avtovofAovg 'iyi^ovTEg iaTTEiadfiEOa, xal otav KdnEivoi taig 
savtav.ajjodaai ttoXegi {xrj aqjtai toig yta'AEdaijjLOvioig ETZiTr^dEicog 
avtovoiiEia&ai, dXld avtoTg sxdatoig ag ^ovXovtai' dixag ds oti 
iOsXofXEv dovvai aatd tag ^vv&^>iagy TtoXJfiov Ss ovx ccQ^ofiEVj 
aQY^o^Evovg ds dfA.vvov[X£&a. tavra yaQ dixaia xal TTqinovta dfia 
t7jd8 ty tzoXei dno'^Qivaad^ai. 3. sldsvai ds ^qtj oti dvdyxrj tzoXe- 
liEiV ijv ds saovaioi ixdXXov ds'/^mixE&a, 7]<jaov iyKSiaofisvovg tovg 
evavtiovg e^o^iev sk te tojv fXEyiatoov ximuvcoy on y.ai nokEi xai 
idicoiri iiiyiatai tifioi TiEQiyiyvovzai. 4. ol yovv natSQsg rifxmv 
vTzoatdvtsg Mijdovg Kal ov>i djio toa^vds OQiiansvoi, dXXd 'Aa\ ta 
VTidQ^ovta ixXiTZovzEg, ypmiAi] ts tzXeiovi t] tviv, y.a\ tolf^y fxsi^ovi 
7] dvvd{i£i, tov ts ^dQ^aQOv dnEwaavto y.a\ ig tdds TZQOTjyayov avtd. 
5. d)V oh iQT] XsiTTEGx^ai, dXXd tovg te i'/^{^QOvg navii tgoTzqi dfAVVE- 
G&ai, aai toTg ETZiyiyvofitvoig' 7ZEiQua&ai avtd [ir] iXdaaco naQa- 
dovvai. 

CXLY. '0 fisv IleQmXrig toiavta eItiev. ol 3' ^A&7]vaToi, vofii' 
Gavtsg dqiGta GcpUii TtaQaivEiv avtov, i\p7]q^iGavto d eksXeve, Ka\ 
roTg udaxsdaifiovioig dnEXQivavto ty ekeivov yvcop^^ xaO^ sxaGtd ta 
(ag sqiQaGS aal to ^vfiTzaVj ovdsv nEXsvofXEvoi tzou^geiv, dixri ds y,atd 
tag ^vv&rjxag szoTfioi slvai diaXvEGdat tteqi tmv iyyJ.rjfidzcov etzI 
iGij xai ofioia. nai oi fisv aTTS^^coQTjGav iiz oinov aui ovHtti vctSQOf 

IjTQEai^EVOVZO. 

CXLYI. AiTiai ds avzai y.a\ dia^poqai syivovto d^icpottQOig ttqa 
TOV TToXJfiov, dq^dfjiEvai Evdvg dno tmv iv'ETZidd^vcp 'Aai KsQ'AVQa* 
iTZEfiiyvvvto ds oficog sv avtalg, nal naq dXliiXovg icfCitcov, dxTji- 



68 eOTKTJl/IOT ATrrPA(DII2, 

Qvxzcog fitVy uvvnonzoig ds ov. GnorSmv yan Ji7;fV(y/? ra yiyvo^iEfa 



B. 

I. "AQXsrai bs 6 TToXe^og ivdtvds TJdij 'A&ijvaioov xal HeXo' 
ftovvTjnicov y,ai rcov sxaztQOig ^vfxfidycav, iv (^ ovte mEiiiyvvvTo eti 
axr^Qvy.Ji naq a}XiqXovg naTaardvTsg ts ^vvE^oag inoh'fiovy ' yr/fya- 
Tzrai Se E^7]g (ag ExaoTa iyiyvEzo y.ara ■OtQog xai jfEifiava. 

II. Tiacyana fiEv yaQ *Aat diy,a eti] ivtjiEivap at rQiaxovToviEig 
aTTOvdai. cu iyEvovTo ^et Ev^oiag alco^iv Tcp ds Tit'fiTZTCp xoc) dEy.dzcp 

EtEt, E711 XQVOidog iv 'AqyEl TOZE TlEVTr^XOVTa dvOlV dt'oVTU EZ7] 

iEQ(auty7]g, y,ai u4lv7]aiov iqjOQOv iv 2J7idQ7y xal Flv&odcoQOv hi dvo 
fiT]vag aQiovTog ^Ad^r^vaioig, fista rriv iv Iloridaia f^dxrjv [irjvl vatcq 
yicii a^ia i,qi aQ^ojiivcp Ori^aimv dvdnEg 6)Jyq> nlEiovg zQiay.oaicoVj 
t]yovvTO ds avToJy ^oicoraQiovvTsg IIv&dyyEXog ts 6 Q)v1ei8ov y.cti 
/JiEf.moQog 6 ^OvijroQidov, ia^^XOoj' tzeqi ttqc^tov vnvov ^vv OTiXoig 
ig ZlXdraiav zT^g Boicoriag ovaav '^d^r^vaiav ^vnfia^K^ida. 2. inr]- 
ydyovTO ds xal dricp^av rag nvlag TlXaratav livdQEg Nav/kEidqg 
IE 'AOi ol fiET avTOVj ^ovXo^Evoi idiug EVcxa dvvdfiEoag dvdQag ts 
rmv TToXiToov rovg 6q:iaiv VTJEvavrlovg diacfd^slQai aai ztjv nchv 
Qrj^aiotg nQOGTronjcai. 3. sTTQa^av ds ravza di' J^vQVfid'/^ov zov 
yleovziddov drdQog Qr]^aicov dvrazojzdzov. TTQo't'dovzEg yuQ ol 
Sij^aioi ozi EGOLZO 6 TTolEjAog, ?]^ovXopzo zijv nXdraiav, dsi ocpicft 
didq^OQOv ovaav, ezi iv sigijvri zs 'Aal zov TioXsfiOv fx^nca qtavEQOv 
i<aO^E(JZMZog TTQoyazaXa^Eiv. ij not qaov sXa&ov iasXdovzEg, cfvXa- 
Yjrig ov jTQ0>ia&EGZ7jxviag. 4. &e^evoi ds ig zi]v uyoQccv zd ouXa 
zoTg fiEV iTTayofiEvoig ov-a inEi^ovzo aaz Evd^vg tqyov Exsax^ai xpii 
h'rai ig zdg oi'Aiag zav i'/J}Q^v, yvcofir^v ds inoiovvzo 'AJjQvyfxaai zs 
yni^Gaad^cu imzridsioig 'Aoi ig ^vfjc^aaiv f-idXXov y.ai q)iXiav zijv noXiv 
dyaysiv, xat dvEijzEv 6 htjqv^, ei zig ^ovXszai y.azd za rtazQia zmv 
ndvzGiv BoKazwv tv'^iiaxEiVj zi&sad^ai na(j avzovg za onXa, ro/ii- 
^ovTsg Gcpiai Qndimg zovzq> zm zQomp 7TQocy^(OQy]aEiv zijv noXtv, 
III. ol dE nXazairjg aig ^a&ovzo hdov ze vrzag zovg Gr^^aiovg 'a(u 



LIB. II. CAP. IV. 69 

l^amvatcog xa78ilTjfji{ji8VJ]v ztjv noXiv, aaradeLaavteg aal vofiivavtsg 
noXX^ TiXsiovg ioEXr^Xv&tvai, ov yccQ scagcov iv iij vvatc, TZQog ^vix- 
^aaiv ExcjoQi](7av 'acu zovg Xoyovg dt^ufieroi i]aviat,ov, aXXcog ze xai 
STZSidi] ig ovbtva ovdav ivecoztgi^ov. 2. nQaaaovzeg dt ncag zavza 
xazsv67](jav ov noXXovg zovg Otj^aiovg ovzag, not ivofxiaav BTii&t' 
^evoi gadicog nQaztjaai' z^ yaq nX^O^ai zav IlXazaiav ov ^ovXa- ^0 
lAbV(Q i]v zcov ^Ad^Tjvaiwv aqjiGzaG&ai. 3. idoxei ovv ImiBiQijzia 
ihai, nat ^vvEXsyovzo dioQvaaovzsg zovg >ioivovg zoi^ovg, nag 
o.yXi]Xovgj oTicog ^u// 8ia zmv odav qjavEQol aaiv lovzeg, afxa^ag zs 
avBv Toov v7zo^vyi(x)v eg zag 68ovg ya&iazaaav, tV avzi zei'^ovg y, 
ncu zaXXa i^rjQZVov rj taaazov icpaivezo nqog za naqovza ^vfxq)0Q0P 
ECsaO^ai. 4. i^ec ds cog in zav dvvazojv szoi^a 7jv, qivXd^avzeg 
en vvxza nai. avzo zo TZEQiogd'QOv e/cogovv ex zmv oixuov eri avzovgj 
ortcog fitj y.azcc q:,ojg 'O^agaaXecozegoig ovai Trgoacpegmrzai, nal acpiaiv 
BH rov iaov yiyvojvzai, aX)^, iv vvxzl (fo^sgojzegoi ovzeg^ iqaaovg caat 
zrig Gq}Ezigag ifineigiag zijg xaza ztjv noXiv. izgoae^SaXov zs evdvg 
y.ai, ig yeigag ij^aav xouzoLzdyog. IV. ol 5' ^g eyvcoaav '^Tzazijfie- 
voiy ^vvE6Tg8q)0vz6 zs iv 6q)iaiv avzoTg aal zag ngoa^oy.dg^ ^ rrgoa- 
TTiTzzoiEv, dTTSoa&ovvzo. 2. 'Aui dig fxev 1] zgig aTZEngovaavzo, ettei- 
za, TzoXX^ -d^ogv^cp avzav zs TigoG^aXXovzmv, y.ai zdjv yvvaiAWp 
-Aoi zmv oixstojv afia dno zmv oixi^v, agavyy zs nal oXoXvyrj xgw- 
{AEvmv, Xi&oig zs xal Ksgdficp ^aXXovzcov, nal vezov d(A,a dia vvAzog 
TzoXXov iTTiysvofiEvoVj icpo^ri&riaav aai zgaTZOfisvoi ecpvyov dia zJjg 
noXscog, dnEigoi [xev ovzsg ol nXsiovg iv cxozco xal titjX^ zoov dio- 
doDV y y^gt] aco&rjvai, y>ai yag zsXsvzavzog zov fitjvog za yiyvotieva 
7]Vf ifijTEigovg ds ey^ovzsg zovg dicoxovzag zov fit] ixqisvysiv, wars 
biEcpd-Eigovzo noXXoi. 3. zcav ds UXaraiwv zig zdg nvXag ^ ia^X- 
&0V y.(U aliTsg Ijoav dvsc^yiiEvai [lovai, eaXekjs azvgamm dxovziov 
avzi paXavov ^griaajXEvog sg zov iioy^KoVy ojozs fxtjos zavzrj ezi e^ooov 
shai. 4. dico'Aoiisvoi zs 'Acczd zrjv TtoXiVj ol fiev zivsg avzoSv im zo 
rsTyog dva^dvzeg engixpav ig zo e^co aq)dg avzovg, aai di£q)&dg7]6av 
oi nXsiovg, ol ds, xaza nvXag igrniovg, yvvaiy,og dovarjg tteXehvv, 
Xa&ovzsg aal diaxoipavzsg zov fio^Xov, i^iqX&ov ov noXXoi, aia&fj- 
<jig yag zay^sTa insyivszo, aXXoi ds aXXy ztjg noXscog onogddijv 
aTi(6XXvvzo. 5. zo ds TiXsXaxov aai oaov fidXiaza 7jv ^vvsazgafifis- 
vov, iaTiiTzzovGiv Ig oiKtjfia [isya, o 7]v zov zsi^ovg nal al 7iXri6ioif 



70 eorKTJiJor srrrPAfpii:^. 

&vQai avmy^tvai hv^ov avtov^ oiofiEvoi nvXag rag -OvQag toi 
oix/jfiaiog Eivaij 'acu avrmqvg diodov hg to i^oo. 6. oQcoiTeg d' 
avtovg 01 IlXatauig aTitiXiju^irovg I'^ovXevovto me y.azaxavacoatf 
(fjanEQ t^ovaiVf efXTTQijaavtsg to oiy.7]fia, tiie ri aX7.o yoijacovxaL 
7. TtXog ds ovToi ts aai oaoi a7.Xoi.rcjv Or^paiav TiEoitjaav, x«r« 
Tijv TioXiv nXavoo^si'Oi ^vre^r^aar Tolg nXazaievai naoadovrai ccpag 
avtovg 7<ai za oizXa yQtjaaa&ai o,zi civ ^ovXcovzai. ot fxsp dtj hv zy 
TJXazaia ovzoog ImnQuyeaav. 

V. 01 ds dXXoi Otj^aToi, ovg tdei en zr^g vvAZog Tzanayevead^ai 
TfavatQctzia^ eiii aqa fii] ttqo'/coqoi?] zoig kaeXr^Xvi^oai, zijg ayyeXiag 
afxa Ka{f odov avzoig Q7]&eiGTjg ttsqI rmv ys yevijfxevcov eneBotjd^ovv. 

2. ankfei 5' i] TlXdzaia tojv Oi]^6jv azadiovg e^dofi^-Aovra, xai zo 
vdcoQ 70 yev6[xevov rijg vvyaog Inolriae ^Qabvzeqov ahzovg eXd^elv' 
6 yaQ 'Aaconog nozaiiog eQQvt] fieyag y.ai, ov Qadicag dia^azog yv. 

3. TiOQevo^Evoi re kv vezqj, :<ai tov Tzozufiov fioXig dia^drzegf vaze- 
Qov TiaQeyevovzo, 7^8 1] zmv drdQav zmv ^sv dieqi&aQixeimVj <rcjv dg 
^covTcov iyofibvcov. 4. (og 5' '^gOovzo ot Qrj^aioi zo yeyevi^utvoy, 
ene^ovXevov zoTg e^co zTjg TzoXeoog roov UXazaimv ' i}6av ydq y:ai 
drd-QCOTTOt 'Aaza lovg dyQOvg xai y.araay.evrj, oia dnQoadoy/jrov 
yay.ov h eiQijrij yerofit'vov e^ovXovTO yuQ 6q:i(yiv, ei ziva Xd^oieVy 
vndQieiv dvzi zcor ardor, 7jv aga zvyooat ztreg i^coynrifxtrot. 5. y.cd 
01 filv ravza dieroovvzo' ol ds nXazairjgy hi dia^ovXevopiircov 
avzmVj vTzozoTTijaayzsg roiovzov ri saeoOat^Tiai deiGavzeg ttsqI loTg 
t^co/yiPfQV'Aa i^tnefiipav naqk zovg Qri^aiovg, Xtyovzsg ozi ovts za 
nenoirifjiera oaicog dQaoeiav, iv cnordcug ocpav neiQa&tvTeg xaza- 
Xa^HV %\v noXir, rd zs e^co sXeyov avroTg nij ddcASLV. el ds f-u], aai 
avTol sqjaaav avzav zovg dvdQag d7zoy.TsvsTv ovg f/ovai L,m'tag' 
dvaxmQT^advzcov ds ndXiv ix rijg y7]g dnodmoeiv avzoig lovg drdqag. 
6. Qf]^aTot fisv zavta Xtyovm, y.a\ eTTOfioaat cpaaiv avzovg' FlXa- 
zaujg 5' ov/ ofxoXoyovai zovg drdqag sv&vg vTToa'/sa&ai uTTodaasiv, 
dXXa Xoycov ttqcozov yevof-iivcov, ijv ri ^vn^alvmai, yal ETTOfiodai ov 
qiaffiv. 7. i'A 5' ovv rljg y7]g dreycoQjjaav ol 0t]§aioi oudsr ddiy.^- 
GuvTsg' ol ds TD,azairig iTzeidr] zd ey. zljg yo3Qag yard zd/og eorAO- 

,L uiaavzo, dnmzeirav zovg dvdoag ev&vg. i^aav ds oydo^novza r.ai 
sxazbv ol X7]cpOtvzsg, nal EvQVfiaxog sig avrav tjp, TTQog or enoa^af 
ol nqodidovzeg, VI. zovzo ds noi/^cravzeg eg zs rag 'AOijrag dyyt- 



LIB. 11. CAP. VIL VIxI. 71 

Xoy h^£u./tov xai tovg fEXQOvg vnoanovdovg antdoaav zolg Qtj^at- 
o(g, 7ci x Iv 71] TioXei y.a&iaTavzo TZQog za naQovTa rj s86y.Ei avzoig. 
2. ToTg 5' 'Ad^^vaiQig 7]yytl{)-T] evOvg za nenl zcov niazaicov ysyf- 
vrifitva, 'Aoi Bokotojv ze naQuyQiJiia ^vveXu^ov oaoi ijaav iv ziq '^t- 
zi^xIj -iiai ig zijv TlXdzaiav STZE^ixfjav w'lQVAaj xElEvovzEg eItieiv (.iribh 
vEcozfQOv tzoieXv TiEQi zciov avdQCQv ovg E'^ovoi Orj^aimVf tiqIv uv zi 
aal avTol §ovXEvacoai tteqi avzcov 3. ov yag riyytXO?] avzoTg ozi 
zzdvijyozEg eIev. ufia yuQ zy iaodco yiyvo(iEvri zav Orj^aioav 6 ttqw- 
Tog ayyElog i^i^Eij 6 ds dsvzEQog aqzi vEnx7][.itvcov zs xal ^vveiXiju- 
i^Evoov' y.ai zwv vczeqov ovdsv xidsaav. ovzoj drj ova EidozEg ol 
'yidrjvaToi ettegzeXXov 6 ds ytr^Qv^ aqjixofxsvog EVQe zcvo ardgag 
diEcp&aQ^tvovg. 4. y.a\ fiEza zavza ol ^Adrivaioi azqazEvaavzEg 
ig nXdzaiaVj Gtzov zs ia^yayov y,ai q^QOVQovg iyy.atiXmov, zcov zs 
dv&QcoTTOJv zovg diQEiozdzovg i,vv yvvai^l yai naiGiv i^syof^iaav. 

VII. rEyEVTjfiEvov Ss zov Ev TlXazaioig 'igyov, aal XEXvfiEvtav 
lafjiTTQ^g zojv GTiovSoov, 01 'y^^r^vaioi 7iaQEay.EvdL,ovTO cog TtoXefiTj' 
jovzEgj TtaQEGXEvd^ovzo ds :iai, ol udaxE8aifA.6noi xat ol ^vftfia^oi 
avTCJVj TtQEo^Eiag ze fiiXXovzEg ni(xnEiv naQoc ^aaiXia xal dXXoas 
ig zovg ^aQ^dgovg, el nod^iv zivcc aqjiXEiav 7]X7iiC,ov ixdzEQOi ttqog- 
X^jxpsa&ai' TToXeig zs ^v^fia'/^idag ttoioviievoi ocai rioav ixzog zr^g 
savzav dvvdf^tecog. 2. xai Aay.Ebaiiiovioig fiev ngog zaig avzov 
vTzaQ'/^ovaaig i^ 'JraXiag y.al ^JrAsXiag zolg zdnEivGJV iXofxivoig vavg 
irzEzdid^riuav noiEladai yazcc [iiys&og zmv noXsmv, cag ig zov Tzdrza 
aQi&fiov TZEvzay.oaicov vsmv iaofiivcov, y,ai aqyvqiov qijzov sroifxd- 
^EiVj zd z (iXXa j]6V'/d^ovzag y.ai 'AO^r^vaiovg dE'iofxivovg {xia viji 
Ecog av zavTct TzaQaaxEvaad^^. 3. 'A&rivaloi ds zip zs vTrdgy^ovGav 
^I'lifxa'/^iav i'^/jza^ov, xal ig za tteql nsXonovvricov fidXXov ^(^Qia 
inQSO^svovzOy KsQxvQav yai KsqiaXXriviav y.ai AxaQvcivag y.a) 
Zdxvv&ov, oQOJvzEg, si aq,iai q)iXic(, zclvz sit] ^e^aicog, nlqi^ zyv 
TlEXoTzovvriGov iiazaTioXEfi7]60vz£g. YIII. oXiyov zs insvoovv ovdsv 
a[iq'6zEQ0i, dXX eqqoivzo ig zov noXsnoVy ovx ccTzsrAozojg ' aQ'/^ofxEvoi 
yuQ Tzdvzsg o^vzsqov avziXafi^dvovzai, zozs ds aai vsozrjg noXX)} 
f^Bv ovoa iv zy IIsXonovvi]aqj, TToXXrj d' iv zaig A&^vaigy ova 
d'Aov^img vno dnsiQiag i]7zzezo zov 7zoXs{xoVj ?/ zs dXXi] 'EXXag Tiatja 
fxszicjQog r^v ^vviovgcjv zcqv ttqodtcov tzoXscov. 2. y.ai noXXd fisf 
Xoyia iXiysTOf noXXa ds y^QriaiioXoyoi Tjdov 'iv zs zoTg ^ieXXovgi ttoXe- 



72 eoTKT/iiJOT ATrrPAO^Hs. 

fiiJGEip xal iv raig allaig ttoXegiv. 3. szl dg /17j).og iy.iptj&i] oil- 

yOVTlQO ZOVTCOV, TTQOTEQOV OVTKx) 6£lG&€l6a UCp OV^EXXipSg ^EfAVr^VTaL 

iXeysTO ds y>al idoxEi ini roig fitXXovai yerr^GeaO-ai 6tjvi?jvai ' ei t« 
zi uXXo zQiovzoTQonov ^vvE^rj yEPEG&ai, Tzdvza avE^r^zEizo. 4. tj dl 
tvvoia Tiaga noXv ettoiei zav dvOQcoTzcov ixdXXov ig zovg AcvAEbai- 
[toviovgy dXXcog za ^ai tzqoeittovzcov ozi zriv 'EXXdSa, iXEv&EQOvan: 
EQQCozo ZE ndg y.ai Idicozr^g y,ai TioXig, ei zi dvvaizo, xal 7,6ycp y.ai 
EQycp ^vrETziXcifi^dvEiv avzoTg ' Iv zovzcp zs nEHco7.va^at IdoxEi ixd- 
(jzcp za TZQdyfiaza cp [x^ Tig avzog noLQEazai. 5. ovzmg ogy^ Elyov 
01 nXsiovg zovg *u4&i]vaiovgj ol [iev z'ijg dQxljg aTToJ.vO^tjvai §ovX6fiE- 
vol, ol ds fit] dg^O^aai (po^ovfiEvoi. nagaanEvy fisv ovv zotavzy y>al 
yvcofirj aQfX7]vzo. IX. TzoXsig d' sudzEQai zdad' f/ovzEg ^vnnd^ovg 
tg zov TzoXEfiov aa&iazavzo. 2. udaHEdaiiiovicov fxsy o'ldE ^vufxaxoi' 
TIeXotzovvviGioi filv ol ivzog iax^iiov ndvzEg nXtjv ^^QyEioav y.a\ 
*Ayai(ov ' zovzoig 5' 4' dficpozEQOvg qiiXta i]v ' IlEXXrjrTig ds 'A^OLiSiv 
fiovoi ^vvETioXEfiovv zo TZQoozoVf ETTEiza 8s VGZEQOV xoct dnavzsg' 
E^(o ds IlEXo7iovvt]aov MsyaQJjgy 0co/S]g, AoyQoi, Bokotoi, 'AuTZQa- 
mazaij Asvyddioi, ^Ava-AZOQioi. 3. zovzcov vavziy.hv naqEiiovTO 
KoQip&LOi, Msyaoijgf J^iy.vmnoi, neXXipJjg, 'HXeToi, 'AfA.7TQC(,Ki6jzaff 
Asvy^ddiotf InnEag ds Boicozoi, (Dcoxijg, Ao'aqoi' al 5' uXXai ttoXeh; 
fZE^ov naoEi/ov. avzi] Aaxedaiuovioov ^vfifiayia. 4. 'A&}]vaicov 
ds Xioi, Aso^ioi, nXazaujg, Meaaijnoi ol iv A^avTzd'Azw, 'Amtgrd- 
fojv ol TiXEiovgy KEQ'AVQaToi, Za'Avr&ioi, y.ai dXXai noXsig al vtzozs- 
XsTg ovaai iv s&vegi zoGoiGdE, KaQia ij ini '&a7.daGri, /Jo3Qifig KaoGi 
TTQOGorAOt, 'Icovia, 'EXXt]G7iovTog, za ini QQdy.^gj rtjaoi ogul ivzog 
IlEXoTTorvijGOv y.ai KQijzr.g TZQog ijXtov dviG'/ovza, TzuGai al dXXai 
KvxXddsg tiXtjv MtjXov yal Of^nag. 5. zovzmv vavzimv naoEi- 
yovzo Xioi, Aeg^wi, KfQxvQaioiy ol 5' ciXXoi ^sl^oy xal yQijiiaza. 
l^vufiayia fisv avzr] iy.azEQmv xal naqaGXEv)} ig zov ttoXeliov ijv. 

X. 01 ds Aaxidaifiovioi, fisra za iv UXazaialg EvOvg, nEQitjy- 
ysXXov xaza zrjv JJeXotiovv^gov xal zr^v e^oj ^vfifiayjav azqazidv 
naQaGXEvd^EGO^ai zaig tioXegi zd zs imr^dEiaj ola sixog zni 'i^odov 
r^dr^fiov syEiVy wg iG^aXovvzsg ig zrjv ^Azzixtjv. 2. insidq ds txd- 
Gzoig SToTf-ta ylyvoizo, xaxa zov ynovov zov Eigyjuivov, ^vrTjsGav za 
dvo fiEQJ] dno TZoXscog sxdGzrjg ig zov IgO^aoVj 3. xal insidq nav 
zo GZQazevfia ^vrEiXsyiiivov r^v, 'AQyidafiog 6 (jaGiAEvg zoov Aaxe 



/}^ 



L O lAJ, <^tlJU^ 



LIB. II. CAP. XT. 7^ 

taijioviiovj uaftEQ riyeTro rtjg i^odov ravtrjgj ^vyaalEaag zovg arga- 
rtjyovg rav tioXeojv TraaooVj xai tovg ixdhata iv zeXei xal a^ioloyo)' 
rdzovg, nuQEivai, TOidds eXe^ev. 

XI. "AvdqEg riEXoTZorv^aioi 7.ai ot ^vfifia^oi, xcd at TiajEQsg 
Tj/ncov noXXdg ctQazEiag y,ai iv avry zy TlEXonovvriac^ x«< e^co ettoi- 
7j6avT0, y.al avioov i]f^av ol TZQEa^vzEQOi ovk dnEiQOi tzoXeixcov eIgiv ' 
ofXG)g ds Tr^adE ovttco fXEi^ova naQaoxEVTjv E/^ovzEg i^tjX&ofiEv, dXXci 
y.a\ ETii TioXiv dwaTcozdrt^v vvv EQ^oyEdUj xa« avtoi TzXEiaroi y,ai 
dqiatoi azQaTEiuovtEg. 2. dixaiov ol/v rnxag fiijis tcjv natEQcop 
^EiQOvg (paivea&ai fi^te rjfi^v avrav ZTJg d6^7]g Ev8E£GTE'()0vg. rj yuQ 
'EXXug naaa rfids tij oQfiri inrjQtai xat ttqooexei ztjv yvcofiTjVj Evvoiav 
'iiovaa did to 'Ad'i]vaioi)v E^d^og ngd^ai rjfxdg d EnivoovpLEv. 
3. omovv XQ^> El Tqi nai doxovf/,£v 7zXi]&£i STZiEvat, aai daq:dXEia 
TZoXXt] Eivai fit] dv eX&eXv tovg ivavtiovg rjfzTv did fid)^r]gy zovzov 
iVExa dixEXiatEQOv ri naQEay.EvaGiiEvovg )[(oqeiVj dXXd y>ai noXEcag 
ty,daTJ]g 7j'yEfx6va 'Aat aTQaricoTTjv to y,a{f avzov ueI TZQoadr/^EG&at 
ig yivdvvov ziva ?]^£iv. 4. ddrjXa yuQ za zav TioXt'ficov yal i^ oXiyov 
jd noXXd KCtt dC oqyrig at ETiixEiQtjaEig yiyvovtai' noXXdyag te to 
EXaaaov TzXTJd^og dEdiog dfiEivov Tjfivvato zovg nXEOvag did to icaza- 
q}QOvovvzag dnaqaayEvovg yEVEa&ai. 5. )[Qr] ds uei ev r^ noXEfiicc 
zy (AEv yj'Ojfirj daQGaXEOvg OTQazEVEiv,-T^ ds sQyco dEdiozag naga- 
axEvd^EaOai. ovzco ydq nqog te to IniEvai zoTg Evavzioig Evxpvio- 
Tazoi dv EiEv, TZQog zE TO im'/^EtQEia&ai daqiaXiazazoi. 6. rnxEig d& 
ov^ E7U ddvvazov d^vvEad^ai ovzco noXiv EQ-^ofjiE^a, dXXd zoig ndoiv 
aQiaza 7zaQ£6y£vaaf^EV7]Vj (aazs '^qi] xai ndvv eXtzi^eiv did f^d'j^tjg 
iivai avzovg, el nq xui fvv coqf^r^vzai iv cp ovttco TtdqEGiiEv, dX)^ 
ozav iv zy yfi oqaaiv r]fidg drjovvzdg ze yai zdxEivcov cpd^Eiqovzag. 
7. ndoi yaq iv ToTg bfjfiaui yai iv 7(p naqavziy.a hqdv ndaiovzdg 
zi, df]OEg oqyy nqoaniTZTEi ' yat ot Xoyiafi^ iXd^iaza '/qcofiEvoi d^vfirp 
nXsleza ig sqyov yad^icrzavzai. 8. 'y4&rjvaiovg ds yai nXiov zi zmv 
uXXcov EiHog Tovzo dqdaat, ol aq^Eiv te t^v aXXcav d'S,iovGi yai ini- 
ovzEg z?]v Tcov TziXag dyovv fidXXov ?/ r^v savzav hqdv. 9. (hg ovv 
ini zoaavziiv noXiv arqazEvovzEg, yai fisyiazj^v do^av oiao^Evoi 
zoig ZE nqoyovoig y.ai 7]f.uv avzoTg in dfiqjozEqcc in zav uTTO^aivov- 
TmVy ETtsaif OTTTj dv Tig ijyi]zai, xoGfxov yai qjvXayrjv nsqi Tzavzog 
szoiovfiEvoif yai zd TiaqayyElXofiEva o^img ds'/pnEvoi ' xdXXiazop 

4 



74 eoTKTJiJor BrrrPAaiiis. 

yuQ ToSe nal aaifaXtarazov, noXXovg ovtag lv\ 'Aoaucp ^Qoaulvovi 

XXL Toaavra Einoav nai diaXvaag xov i,vX'koyov 6 'y^QXiSa^og 
MeXi]6i7Z7Z0v TTQmTov aTzoaThlXu ig rag 'Adijvag rov ^lay.Qizov, 
avdQa ^JTzaQTidtr^v, el ti aqa [laXXov ivdoiEv ot ^A&rivaioi oQmvTeg 
ijdr] G(fdg iv 6d(^ ovzag. 2. ot ds ov TTQoaadt^avzo avrov ig tt^v 
noliv ovd^ STzl zo y.oiv6v ' 7]v yaq TIeQiy.liovg yvco/j-r] tzqozeqov rsn- 
xTj'AvTa, KtjQvua xa^ ngsG^eiav firj 7TQ0o8t)(^sad'ai uday>e8a(fiovicov 
i^eazQazEVfiivtov * anontixnovaiv ovv avzov nqiv a^ovaai y,cu iat- 
Xevov Exzog oQcov thai av&tjfiEQOVj z6 ze Xomov ava^coQtiaavzag 
im za aqsETEQa avzmv, tjv zi ^ovXcovzat, 7TQEG^EVE(j&ai. |i'jW7r<7/, 
TTOvai ZE zo) MsXriatTtncp aycoyovg, oTZcog firjdsn ^vyyEvijzai. 3. 6 8i 
ETZEidi] ETii zoTg oQioig EyivEZO aai EfisXls diaXvGEc&ai, zoaofda 
EiTTOJV ETTOQEVEZO ozi H8e 7] TjfAEQU zoTg EXXijai fiEydXtov y.ay.ojf 
uQ^Ei. 4. (og ds dqiiiiEzo ig zo 6ZQaz6nE8ov y,a\ 'iyvco 6 ^u^Qpdu- 
fiog ozi ot 'A&i]vaioi ovdsp nco ivdcoaovaiv, ovzco dt] aQag zm gtqu- 
t4> 7iqov)(^(6qei ig Z7jv ytjv avzav. 5. Boicozol ds fiEQog {.isv zo 
aq)SZEQ0v y,a\ zovg inniag naQEiiovzo neXoTTOvrijGiotg ^vGzoazEveiv. 
zoTg ds XsiTtofXEVoig ig JJXdzaiav iX&ovzsg zijv yriv idriovv. 

XIII. "Ezi ds z(ov IlEXonovvriaicov ^vXXsyo^tvGJv zs ig zov lad- 
fiov not iv 68m ovzcoVj ttqIv ia^aXtiv ig zijv ^^zzimjvy TlsQn^Xijg 6 
Bavd^innov azQazijyog wv 'A&tivaimv dsaazog avzog, cog 'iyrco 
ZTjv iG^oXhv iao[isr7]Vj vnozonriaag, ozi 'AQii8aiiog avzcp ^evog mp 
izvyxavE, fit] TzoXXd'xig i] avzog i8ia ^ovXoixsvog ^aQL^Ea&ai zovg 
uyQOvg avzov naQaXmri y,ai fitj ^gcatj?/, // xar AaxE8aifxovicov y.eXEv- 
cdrzcov iTzl dia^oXri zy savtov y^lvjjzai zovzo, wgtteq y,ai za ayi] 
iXavvEiv TiQOEinov tvEna inEivoVy nQotjyoQEvs zoTg 'A&rivaioig iv z^ 
iHnXriGin ozi 'AQXi8afA.og [xiv ol ^tvog £it]j ov jaivzoi ini x«xcp ys 
Z7jg TzoXEag yiroizo, zovg 5' dygovg zovg savzov ytai oixiag r^v aqa 
firj 8ric6GcoGiv ol TzoXifiioi ^gtieq y,a\ za zav dXXaVj dcpiTjGiv avia 
dijuoGia slvai, y>a\ firjdEfziav ol vnoxpiav aazd zavza yiyvEG&at. 
^ 2. naQijvEi 8s y,a\ nsql z&>v naQovzcov ansQ y.ai tzqozeqov, uraga- 
ay.Evd^EG&ai ze ig zov noXsfzov xal za iy, zmv dyQmv iG'AOui^EG&ai, 
ig zs [idy7]v fii] ins^iivai, aiJXa zt^v noXiv iGsXO^ovzag q)vXaGGsiVf 
xai zo vavziy.ov, ijtieq Ig^vovgiv, i^aQzvEG^ai, zd zs zmv ^vf^ifidyoop 
dia x^'Q^^S il^iVj Xiymv zriv Ig'/vv avzoTg dno zohcov shai zcop yniy 



LIB. II. CAP. XTV. 75 

Hatcov trjg arQoaodov, ra ds noXla rov TtoXtfJiov yvcaf^ri aai XQ^ioi.'* 
Tcov TZSQiovuia y.paTHG&ai. 3. daQaeiv ts e'aeXsve, TzgoaiovTcov ixlv 
i^aaoaicxjv raXdvzcav ag Itzi to ttoXv cpoQOv aai tnavzov ano tKiV 
^vfif-id'/cop Ty n6).E(, dvEv 7ijg d)J.7]g nQoaodoVj vnaQi6vT(ov da Iv Tjj 
d'AQonolei hi tots aQyvQiov iTTiGtjfiov e^aaia^iXioov TaXdvTcov ' tk 
yaq TtXeiciTa TQiaaoaicov dnodiovTa [xvQict iytvBTO, d(p oiv eg ts tu 
fiQonvXaiOL TTJg dxQOTToXsmg not tuXXcc olnodoft^fiaTa aal ig JJotl- 
daiav d7zavrj7.c60-r] ' 4. x^Q^^^ ^^ XQvaiov dari^ov xai dgyvQiov sv ts 
dvaiyriiiaaiv idioig aal 8t][/,oaioig, xat bacc iSQa axsvtj tteql ts Tag 
noiinag 'aoI Tovg dyavag, y.al gxvXo. ]\l7]drAa 'Aoi si ti toiovtotqOt 
nov, ovy, iXdaaovog 7jv rj nsvTaxoaicov TaXdvTcov. 5. hi ds nal xa 
in Tav iiXXcov tsQav nQoasTi&si XQ^]f4.aTa ovu oXiya, oig ;f(>//(j£a"0^at 
avTovg, yiai rjv ndvv i^siQycovTai navTcoVj xai avTijg Ttjg ■&sov ToTg 
asQiyMfitvoig jfot^cy/o/^ • aTTtqjaivs d^ Pfov to ayaX^ia TsaaaqdyovTa 
TdXavia GTa&iiov iQvalov dntcpdov y,ai nsQiaiQsiov slvai anav. 
'j(Qi](jafiti'ovg TS Ini Gcozjjnia sq)r] ^Q^jvai fit] iXdaaco dvTi'AaTaaTrjaai 
ndXiv. 6. wri\ia6i fisv ovv ovTcog s&dQavvsv avTOvg, onXitag ds 
TQia'/^Xiovg y.ai fivqiovg slvai avsv tcov iv TOig q,QOVQioig y.ai tmv 
nciQ BTTaX^iv s^ayiayiXicov yat (iVQiodv. 7. Toaovzoi yan sqjvXaaaov 

TO TTQOJTOV OTZOTS 01 TZoXtfllOl ia^aXoiEV, UTIO TS TCOV nQEd^VTdlOiV 

yai Tav vEcoTatcoVy yai fiSTOixoov oaoi bnXitai ijaav. tov ts yuQ 
0aXi]Qiy.ov TEiyovg arddioi ijaav tievts yai TQidy.ovTo. nQog tov 
KvxXov tov dcTEog^ yai avrov tov nvyXov to qjvXaacropiEvov TQEig 
xai TEGaaqd'AOvra ' 'ioTi ds avTOV o xai dcpvXayzov ijv, to fxsTa^v 
Tov TE liay.QOV yai tov 0aXt]QrAOv. tu ds iiccAQa Tsiyji ^Qog tov 
JlsiQaut TsaaciQayovTa aradiav, cov to e^coOev hriQsiTO ' ycu tov 
'flsiQaioag ^vv Movvvyia i^t'jyovTa fxsv aradimv 6 arzag TZSQi^oXog, 
TO ^ iv (pyXayy i]v iiuiav tovtov. 8. iiimag d' dntcpaivs diaao' 
ijiovg yat yiXiovg ^vv iTTTZOTo'^OTaig, s^ayoaiovg ds yal xi7.iov^ 
TO^orag, y.al TQt^QSig Tag TiXoifiovg tgiayocriag. 9. Tavra, 
yan vnljQysv ^A&rjvatoig, yai ovy sXaaaco tyauTa tovtcoVj ois 
i) ia^oXi] TO TZQmzov s{xeXXs TiEXoTiovvijaioav SGsa&ai, ya\ ig tov 
noXsi-iov, yaOlaravTO. 'iXsys ds yai aXXa olansQ sicoOsi TlEQiy.Xljg ii 
anodsi^iv TOV TTSQisasaOai toj 7io7Jiio\ XIV. ol ds 'y4&7]vaioi 
ayovaavTEg dvsnsix^ovTO ts, yai ioEyoniL^ovzo iy Tmv dyqatv naldag 
Ma\ yvvaiyag, y.a\ Ttjv dXXijv yaTadXEv^iv y yai ohov iypaivTO, xai 



7b eOTKTJIJOT ATTTPAQiH2. 

avt^v 7av oiHiav xa&aiQOvvzeg ti]v ^vXaiaiV nqo^ara bl xoci 
vno^vyia ig Ti]v Ev^oiav dientfAxpavTO y.ai ig lag vijoovg tag eTny.ai- 
fisvag. 2. yuXETTOjg ds avroTg dia to aei slcox^evai rovg TzoXXovg iv 
zoTg uyQoig diaitaa&ai ij avdataaig iyiyvEto. XV. ^vvE^e^/ixei ds 
ano zov ndw aQialov bteqcov fidXXov 'A&rivaioig zovzo. im yuQ 
Kt'AQonog y,ai rav ttqcotojv ^aaiXb'cov rj Ariiyj] ig Qtjaea del xazd 
TzoXeig MXEtto, TZQVzavud ze 'iyovaa y.ai. ugyovzag, y.ai otzoze [tfj zi 
daiasiav, oh ^vvrieaav ^ovXEvaofxavoi dog zov ^aaiXta^ uX)! avzol 
Exaazoi ETToXizsvovzo nal i^ovXsvovzo ' aai ztreg xal inoXEfiTjadv 
nozs avzojVf ojgtteq y.al ^EXsvamoi ^lEz EvfxoXnov nqog 'EQEy&sa. 

2. ETtEidt] ds QriGEvg E^aaiXsvcEf yEvo^iEvog fiEzd zov ^vvezov x«t 
dvvazog za zs dXXa diSHoa^rjas zijv ycogav, aai nazaXvuag zav 
aXXoav tzoXecov zd zs ^ovXEvzr^Qia y.al zdg aQydg, ig zi^v rvv noXiv 
ovaaVf £v ^ovXevz^qiov dnodEi^ag y,ui nQvzavEiov ^vpcoy.iaE ndvzag.^ 
xai TEfiofXE'vovg zd avrav indazovg dnEo xaj ttqo zov rjvdyHa^E fidi 
noXsi zavzrj yQtjff&aij ?] aTzdvzcov ijdt] ^vvzEXovvz(av ig avzijv, fiEyd- 
Xij yEvofxsvt] 7zaQEd6&tj vno Oi^GEOjg zoTg ETZEiza' x«t |v>o/x/a i^ 
ixEivov 'A&rivaloi etl yal vvv zij -O^eoj eoqzi]v di'ifiozEXTj noiovai. 

3. zo ds TiQo zovzov 1] uy.QOTioXig 7] 'pvv ovaa noXig rjVj y.al zo vtz 
avzriv TTQog vozov ndXiaza ZEZQau(XEvop. 4. zEHfif^Qiov 8s' zdycco 
isQa iv avzri zy dygonoXEi nal uXXcov x^e^v iazi, nal zd e^(a Tzgog 
zovzo zo fiSQog ziqg noXEcog fidXXov idQvzai, zo zs zov /liog zov 
OXvfiTziovj yai zo IIv&iov, y.al zo zT^g rtjg, nal zo iv Aifzvaig /lio- 
t'VOOVf 0} zd dgyaiozEQa /liovvoia zy dcodExdzij noiEizai iv firjvl 
Avx}Eazi]Qiavi, (x)6UEQ y.ai oi dn ^Ad^tjvaiojv ^IcovEg 'in y.al vvv 
rofii^ovaiv. 5. idqvzai ds nal dXXa lEQa zavzy uQyaia. nal zy 
XQ^vrj zy rvv (asv zmv zvgdrvcov ovzco GnEvaadvzcov ^En>Eay,Q0vvcp 
naXovfi£vr}j zo ds ndXai q:avEQ6Jv zojv nriyojv ovadiv KaXXioQori 
wrofiaafxirrj, insivr} ze iyyvg ovay zd nXsiazov d^ia iyomvzo, nal 
fvv tzi ano zov dgyaiov tiqo ze yafiinojv nal ig dXXa zwv leQMv 
i>0fii^Ezai zqi vdazi yQjja&ai. 6. naXsizai ds did z^v naXaidv zavrrj 
nazoinriaiv, nal tj dnQonoXig fiiyQi zovds azi vn 'Ad^tfvaicov noXig. 
Xyi. zri ZE ovv ini noXv nazd ztjv ycoQav avzovoficp olnijaEi fiEZEi- 
lov 01 'AOijvaToi, nal iTZEidt] ^vvcpniaOtjaaVj did zo s&ogj iv zoig 
uyQoig oficog ol nXsiovg zwv aQyaicov nal zav vgzeqov iiiyQi zovds 
€ov TzoXEfiov navoiy.7]airt ysrofiEroi ze nal oinTjaavzsg oh Qadioog zdg 



LIB. 11. CAP. XVII. XVIII. 77 

fistavaaraaiig Ittoiovvto, aXXcog zs yial uqii dvEiltjqioTeg Tag xa 
taanevag fxEia to, Mridixd ' 2. f^aQvvovzo ds aai ial87i(^g sq:SQOP 
olmag rs y,ata}An6vTEg am leQci, a did naviog ijv avioTg ix rijg 
xazd to aQxaiov nohzeiag nUTQia, diairdv re fitlXovteg f^Eza^dX- 
Xeiv, 'Aal ovdsv dXXo 7J noXiv tijv avzov dnoXsiTZcov taaazog. 
XVII. ETiEidr] Ts dcfi'y.ovzo ig to dazv, oXiyoig fitv iiaiv vtztJq^^ov 
oix7]aEig xal naqd cpiXcxiv zivdg ij oixEimv xaiaqjvyrj, ol ds tioXXoI zd 
ze SQTjfzcc Tijg noXEcog wxrjaavy xai zd iequ xal zd tjQcpcc Tidvza, 
nXriv zijg d'AQOTZoXecog xal zov 'EXevgiviov xal ei zi dXXo ^e^aivyg 
xXsiazov ijV z6 zs IlEXaayixov xaXovfiEvov zo vno zi]v dxQOTZoXiVj ov ^ 
nai ETiaQazov ze rjv fjirj oIheTv xal zi xui IJvx^ixov fxavzEiov dxQOZE- "* ' 
Xevziov zoiovdE diE'AcaXvE, Xiyov cog 

zo TleXaayixov aQyov dfisivovj 
Ofi(og vno ztjg Tzana/Q^fia dvdyxrjg i^ojx^&i]. 2. xai jioi doxsT to 
HavzEiov zovvavzlov ^vfi§l]vai ?/ TZQoaEdtjovzo ' ov ydq did zriv 
naqdvoixov evoixyigiv at ^v^iq)0Qai yEVEO&ai zy uoXei, dXXd did zov 
7z6Xe{xov ij drdyxT] ztjg olx^asmg, ov ovx ovofid^ov zo fzavzsTov Tigoy- 
dEi (Ajj En d.yad^m nozs avzo xazoixiad^riaofXEvov. 3. xazEcxEvd- 
oavzo ds xai ev zoig nvqyoig zmv zEr/^cov noXXoi xat cog Exa6z6g nov 
idvvazo' ov ydq i'/^coQrjaE ^vvEX&ovrag avzovg tj noXig. dXX vozeqov 
dq zd ZE fiaxQd zei'/t] cpxt^aav xazavEifxdfiEvoi xai zov IlEiQamg zd 
noXXd. 4. dfAa ds xai zoov nQog zov noXsfiov TjnzovzOf t,vnnd)f^ovg 
ZE dyEiQOvzsg xa\ z'q n£Xonovv7]aq} sxazhv vsmv ininXovv E^aqzvov- 
ZEg. xa\ 01 [xh iv zovzcp naqaaxEvijg tjaav. 

XVIII. '0 ds azQazog zoov neXonovvtjaicov nQOiojv dqiixEzo 
z?jg '^zzixijg ig Oivor^v nQOJzov, r^nEQ e^ieXXov ia^aXsTv. xai cog 
ixadEXovzo, nQoa^oXdg naQECXEvd^ovzo z^zeixei noujcjoiAEvoi fitj^cc- 
vaTg ZE xai dXXco zgonqt ' 2. ij ydq Oivorj ovaa iv fiE&OQioig ztjg 
^Azzixrig xai Boicoziag izEZEiiiazo, xai avz^ cfQOVQio^ ol *A&t] 
vaToi iiQcovzo onozs noXEfxog xazaXd^oi. zdg ze ovv nQoa^oXdg 
rivzQ^ni^ovzo xou dX7.cog ivdiizQi\pav iqovov nsQi avzijv. 3. alziav 
ZE OVX iXaxiazriv ^AQ^idaiiog sXa^EV an avzov, doxwv xai iv zy 
^vvaycoyri zov noXifiov {laXaxog Eivai xai zoig 'Ad^rivaioig iniztj' 
dsiog, ov naQaivoJv nQO&vf^mg noXEfieiv' insidij ze ^vvEXiyszo o 
azgazog, i] ze iv z^ la&^M inifiovt] yEvofiirt] xat xazd Z7]v dXXrjv 
noQEiav rj oioXaiozrig diE§a7.Ev avzoVy iidXicsra ds tj iv z^ Oivoi^ 



78 ooTKTJi/Jor ATrrPA<iiH2. 

iniaimig. 4. ol yuQ 'Ad^rjvaXoi 86S}iO(nXovTO iv rm XQO^'^p tovicp 
xcjf idoHovv 01 TltloTTovv/jaioi STTEX&ovTeg^ av diu zivjiovg ^noavta 
in e^m y.azala^m', ti fif] diu Tijv vaeivov [xtllr^aiv, 5. iv zoicwrri 
fi6v ogyy 6 OTQaiog zov ^AQiiba^ov ivzi] xaO^tdQa tl'isv. 6 dt; TTQoa- 
de^ofASvogy cag Xtysiai, zovg ^Ad^rivaiovg Tijg p]g hi axsQaiov ovatjg^ 
ivdcodeiv 11 xuL y.aTOHvrjaeiv TZEQiideTv aviijv Tixr^d^eiJaVj arti/sv. 
XIX. i778id)j fAtvzoi TTQoa^alovieg ttq Oivoi] aai naaav idsav TTEiQci- 
aavTsg, ovy. idvvavto sleiv, ol ts ^Adiivaiqi ovdsv i7iEyif]Qvy.EvovvOf 
ovTco 8}j oQfxr^auvTEg an avtr^g fiEza ra iv nXataia zav ioEXO^oi'- 
zcov Qrj^aicav yEr6(XEva ijf^EQn 6ydor]y.oa7y ^dXiaraj rov dsQOvg aai 
rov aitov axfiu^ovzogj eat^aXov ig zriv 'Azzixr^v' riyeizo ds 'A()yJ- 
dafiog 6 ZEv^iddfiOv, AaxEdaifj.ovicov ^aaiXevg. 2. koi y^aOE^of^Evot 
HtEiivov 77QCO70V (iEP 'EXevolvo. xai zo Qqiclgiov tteSiov, xai zqott/ji 
zira zav 'A&tp'aicov Inntfov tteqi zovg 'Psizovg y.aXovfitroVg inoif] 
aavzo. ETiEiza TiQOvimQOvv iv dE^ia r/ovzEg zo AlydXEwv oQog dto 
KocoTzeiag, tag dqiuovzo ig 'Ayi^aqvag^ itoQiov ^iyiazov ztjg ^Azziyjjg 
tcSv 8{jfJL03v 'AaXovfiivojv. Kai Ka&E^oixEroi ig avzo azQazoTTEduv ze 
ijioiriaavzo XQovov ze noXvv ifXfxsivavzEg ezei^vov. XX. yvcaixri ds 
zoiads Xt'yEzai zov 'Agp'daixov tieqI ze zdg 'A^^aQvug wg ig f^dx-P 
za^dfiEvov fXEivai, 'auI ig zo nEblov ixEiri] zij ia^oXi] ov yaia^Jjpai. 
2. zovg yaQ 'A&tjvaiovg 'iiXni^Ev dxfAd^oyzdg ze ^'eoztjzi ttoXXij, xwI 
TiaQEGXEvatyfAivovg ig TzoXsfiov cog ovtico ttqozeqov, laayg civ ifiE^EX- 
'O'tiv, xai zr^v yijv ovx av TZEQudtiv ziiijO^qvai. 3. iizEibq ovv avziiJ 
Eg EXsvaTva xai zo Qqidaiov TZEdiov ovx aTirjvzi^aav, nETqav inoi- 
eTzo, TiEQi zag AyaQvag y.aO^ijfXEvog, ei iriE^iaaiv ' 4. «^«a [xev yuQ 
avzc^ ywQog ETzizrjdEiog iqjairszo ivarQazonE^Evaai, d^a ds xal ol 
'Axc^Qviig f^iya fAtQog ovzsg zlqg TzoXECog, ZQiaxlXioi yaQ onXuui 
iyivovzOf ov nEQioxpEad^ai idoxovv zd acpEZEQo, diucp&aQkvza, d7X 
oQfitjastv y.al zovg ndvzag ig (id^riv. ei ze xa). fxi] inE^iX{>oiEv ixEirrj 
zy EO^Xij ol A&tjvaToif ddEtazsQOv r^drj ig zb vazsQOv zo TZEdiov 
ZEfieiv y,ai TiQog avzi]v z)]v noXiv /a)(>?/(T£av^afc ' zovg yag ""Ax^^Qvutg 

BaiEQ7]flEV0Vg Z^V CCpEZtQQOV OV^ 6f40lCOg TTQO&VflOVg taEaO'ai V7T{-Q 

zTjg zmv dXXcov xtrdvvEVEiv, azdaiv ds iriatax^ai z'q yrcofiij. 5. zoi- 
tiVTQ fisv diavoia 6 'AQxidafiog tisqI zdg ^A^fX-Qvag r^v. 

XXI. A&i]vaioi Si, fiixQi f^sv ov tzeqI 'EXsvaTra xal zo Oqiu^ 
fjiov Tisdiov 6 GZQazog ip', xal ziva iXnida il'xov ig zo iyyvziqaa 



LIB. II. CAP. XXII. 79 

avtovg [irj nqoXivai, fisfivj^fievoi aai nXsiarodvaxTa tov^ Uavaaviov 
^aKEdaifiovicov ^aadta, ore ia^alav Tijg ^Aiti^'rig sg 'EXevgivcc 
y^al Qqioo^b GtQcctm JJeXoTZOvvi^aicoVj ttqo zovds rov TzoXtfiov ttcs- 
aaqai aou dtxa hsGiv, avE)[^(6QtjaB ^dXiv, ig to nXewv ovKtn ttqoeX- 
■&(6v' dib dr] HOI rj cpvyrj avt^ iyEvsro in ^Ttdqirigf do^avTi ^Qri- 
^laai 7T£ia&7]vai ttjv dva^coQTjGiv ' 2. inEidtj de tteqi ^AyoLoykg Eidov 
70V arQCLZOv i^tjxovta aradiovg rijg noXEcog dnkiovxa, ovxitt dra- 
61ET0V EnoiovvrOy dXX avzoig, cog Einogf yTJg refivofiEvtjg iv zqj Sfxqia- 
vEij 0V7TCO EoagdHsaav ol yE vEcoTEQOif ov8^ ol nQEa^vzEQOi nXriv id 
Mijdwd, dEivbv EqjaivETOj aal kdoxsi zoTg re uXXoig aat fidXtata rrj 
ve6t7]ii hnE^iEvai Kcci ^ij nEQioqav. natd ^vatdcEig zs yiyvo^Evoi kv 
TZoXXy EQidi ^(saVf ol iilv iiEXEvovTEg k^iEvai, ol 8e zivsg ovx kavTEg. 
3. iQYiaiioXoyoL te "^dov XQV^H'Ovg navtoiovg, cov dxgoaG&ai cog 
Exaarog (OQyrjzo. ol te ''AiaQvrig oiofiEvoi naqd acpiaiv avtoTg oiiy. 
tXaxian^v fioiQav shai 'A&rjvaicoVf cog avzcov ?/ y7j hzifivszOf tpliyov 
z?]v E^odov ^dXiaza. navzl zs tgonqt dvi]Q£&iazo tj nokig v.0Li zot 
IlEQixXEa Iv ogyy Ei'fpv, y.cu cov TzaQyvEas tiqozeqov EfiEfxvT^vzo ov- 
8sv, dXlC hxdai^ov on azQazijyog cov ova STZE^dyoi, ai'iiov Z8 cqiiaip 
tvofii^ov ndvzcov cov mac'/^ov. XXII. nEQiaXTjg 8s oqojv fiEV av- 
zovg TiQog zo naqov y^aXEnaivovzag xai ov zol dqiaza (fgovovvzag^ 
niazEVCov 8s oQd^^^ yiyvcoaasiv tteqi zov (xij huE^iEvaif EHxXijOiiav zs 
ov'A, ETTOiet avzmv ov8s ^vXXoyov ov8tva, zov ^r] ogyy zi [xaXXov i] 
yvc6{^ri ^vvsXdovzag t^afiaQzsTy, zriv ze noXiv hqjvXaaas nai 8l^ tjcv- 
flag ^dXiaza ocjov h8vvaT0 eIiev. 2. InnEag hevzoi e^etteixttev dsi, 
zov [j.i] 7ZQo5Q6[xovg aTTo z7^g GiQazidg laniTZzovzag Ig zovg dyQovg 
zovg syyvg z7jg noXscog yuiHovQyEiv ' xal tTZTiofia/^ia zig IvsyivEzo 
^QW/^Eia Ev (Dgvyioig zodv ze Ad^fjvaicov zEXst ivi zoov Innicav xai 
OsaaaXoTg ^ez avzojv nqog zovg Boicotodv Inniag, iv y ovx tXaaaov 
EG^ov ol 'Ad^TjvaToi hoi OsaaaXoij (jie'iqi ov, TZQoa^ot^&rjadvzmv zolg 
Boicozoig ZQov otzXizojv, zgonrj iysvEZO avzojv, xal dnsd^avov zav 
Qe(56cx.Xcov jccct A&7]vaLCov ov TioXXoi' dvEiXovzo fXEvzoi avTOvg 
avOriiiEQov dan6v8ovg. v,ai ol TiEXonovvriaioi zQOTiaiov zy vazEqain 
hzTjaav. 3. t] 8s ^o^d^Eia. avzij zmv OsaaaXoov aazd zb naXaibv 
^v{xfj.ayjKbv iysvEZo zoTg A&?]vaioig' aal dqiixovzo naq avzovg 
Aciqi6aioi, (paQcdXtoi, TlaQduioi, Kqclvcovioi, IlEii)d6ioi, rvQZco- 
fw.f (Psgaioi. Tiyovvzo 8s avzmv in ^ilv Aaqiarig noXvfiij8tig xa< 



80 QOTKTAIAOT ZTTTPA^IIS. 

'/iQrjTQvovQj ano trig Grdaecog sxaTeQog, ex ds (PaQadXov Mivmv ' 
ijoav 8s aai tojv aXlmv xata noXeig dg^ovTeg. 

XXIII. 01 ds IlsXonorrrjcioi, eTZEidi] ova iTzetr^soai avjoTg ol 
^Ax^rivaToi ig jwajfj/r, dgavteg in zav ^A^^aQvoiv idijovv tav dfjficoi 
Tivdg dXXovg Twy (Aera^v ndqvrj^og aal Bgdijaaov oQovg. 2. ov 
rmv ds avTOJV iv ty y^, ol Ad^j^vaioi aTisaieilav rag sy>azov vat's 
tisqI TIeXotzovvtjgov aansQ TzaQsaxsva^ovTOj xal ^iXiovg oTzXizag In 
avTav y.ai. ro^orag rsTQaxoaiovg ' sdTQaTTJyei ds KanyJvog js 6 
Ssvotifiov xal IlQOJTBag 6 'EmnXsovg >iai ^JcoxQarr^g 6 ^ Avjiysvovg. 
Y.cd 01 filv dgavzeg ttq TtaQaaxsvy zavty ttsqibttXsov, 3. ol ds UeXo- 
TiovvriGioi ^Qovov ififiEivavzeg iv zy ' Arriy.iQ oaov ei'/^ov rd STzmqdEia 
dvE^aQT^aav did BoiwTaVj ov^ ijnsQ ias^aXov ' TzaQiovtsg ds 'S^qod- 
nov TrjV y7]v irjv IlEiQaty.Tjv :<aXovfit'vr]v, rjv vsfiovTai'S^QcoTnoi 'A^i]- 
vaicov vm]y,ooiy idrjcoaav. dq)i>i6fi£voi ds ig UEXonovvr^aov diEXvO'tj' 
aav aazd noXsig tuaazoi. 

XXIV. ^ Ara'/(OQ7]advz(ov ds avzav ol ^A&Tjvaioi qjvXaxdg 
iiaz£az7]Gavzo :icczd yt^v y.ai xazd ^dXacaav, coctteq dtj ifieXXov did 
navzog zov noXtfiov qivXd^Eiv aai '/ilia. zd7.avza dno roav iv ry 
dxQOTzoXsi 'iQTjfidzcov EdotEv avtoTg^ i^aiQEza noir^aanivoig, xo^qig 
■O^tCd^at, xai fif] dvaXovVj dXX dno z^v dXXcov noXsfiEiv ' ^v ds zig 
e'inri ij iniipT]q)i(Ji] mvEiv zd ^Q/jiAaza zavza ig dXXo rr, rjv fitj ol 
noXiiiioi vr^iZTd gzquzm ininXtcoai zij noXsi not dsrj dfivvaa&atj 
-Odvazov ^Tifiiav ins&Evzo. 2. TQUjQSig zs /xez' avzmv saazov i^ai- 
Q&zovg inoiijaavzo nazd zov iviavzov saaazov zdg ^sXziazagy xdi 
ZQiTjQdQXOvg avzaig, av fit] XQ^<^^(^f' f^J]dEfiia ig uXXo zi ij fiszd zwr 
'^Qt]fidzcov nsQi zov avzov KivdvvoVy ijv dsri. 

XXV. Ol ^ iv zaig ixazov vaval nsql IlEXonovvrjaov "A&i]- 
vaToi, nal KEQXVQaioi (jlez avzcar, nsvz^y.ovza vaval nQoa^e^orjO-r]- 
aorsg, nal dXXoi zirsg zav iy.EL ^vfifxdxo[>v, dXXa zs ixdaovv nsQinXs- 
ovzsg xat ig Msd^covrjv zrjg Aanmny^g dno^dvzsg, 7cj5 zeixei ngoai- 
^aXov ovzi dad^EVEi, ndi, dv&Qmncov ovx ivovzcav. 2. ezv/e ds nsQi 
zohg x^^QOvg zovzovg Bqaaidag 6 Ts'XXidog dvi]q 2^naQzidz^g cfQov- 
gdv t^mv ' xal aiu&ofiEvog i^ori&si zoTg iv zm ;( a>()/o) fuszd onXizmv 
iyazov. diadQafimv ds zo zmv 'AOrjvaicav czQazdnsdoVy iay.sda- 
Gfiivov aazd Z7]v i^qav aat ngog zo zsT^og TEZQCififiivoVf ianinzsi ig 
iriv MEdcortjVj aal oXiyovg zivdg iv zrj iadqofi^ dnoXiaag zmv ueO^ 



LIB. 11. CAP. XXVI— XXVIII. 81 

icivtov, triv T8 TioXiv TiSQiSTZOitjas, xai ano Tovtov rov ToXft^fxatoi 
rrg^Tog jcov xaia lov jzolefiov iTzijvii&i] iv 2J7za.QTi]. 3. ol d's 
^A&rivaioi uQavzeg TiagtTiXeov, xat G^opieg iijg 'HXeiag ig fp&dvj 
ed)jovv Ttjv yTJv ini duo rjfiSQagj aai 7TQ0G^07]&t]Gav7ag zwv ix iTJg 
xoiXrjg "HXidog TQiaxoaiovg Xoyddag, aal rmv avTO&sv in iTJg tisqi- 
oiyJdog 'HXeioov ^dxXi iyiQcit7]oav. 4. dvt'fxov ds xaTiovTog fxeydXoVf 
XS'i^a^ofi'Svoi iv dXifitvco xcoQic^, ol f4.sv tioXXoI eTit^i^aav im rag 
vavg, xai nEQitnXsov top ^I^dw xaXovfxsvov trjv dxQav ig rov iv ttj 
fpsia Xifxiva' ot ds Msaa^noi iv romcpy aal dXXoi nvsg ol oh dvvd- 
HEvoi ini^rivai y.a.xd yriv ^ojQ^aavieg ztjv (Peidv aiQovai. 5. nal 
vareQov al ts v^sg neQiTtXsvGaaai dvaXafi^dvovaiv avzovg 'aui i^avd- 
yovzai ixXiTzovTsg 0Eidv, xai jojv ^HXeloav ij TZoXXy ?/5// aiQazid 
TrQoaE^e^orid-i^xEi. TtaQanXevaavteg ds ol A&rjvaToi im dXXu ^coQia 

id-QOVV. 

XXVI. 'Tno ds TOP avibv yjgovov tovtov ol 'y4&rjvaToi tqicc- 
xovTa vavg i^sTzefiipav nsQi ttjv Aoxqida aai Ev^oiag dfA-cc 
cpvXayiriv ' iaTqaTriysi ds avTOJV KXaonofXTiog o KXsiviov. 2. nal 
dno^dasig 7TOi7]ad}iSvog Tr^g zs naQa&aXaaaiov sgziv a idtjcoas nal 
Oqoviov siXev, ofi^QOvg ts sXa^ev avzoov, aac iv ^AXonri Tovg ^oiji))]- 
aavTag Ao'aqwv [^d^rj ixQdTijasv. 

XXYll. ^AviaTTjaav ds xal AlyivrjTag z^ avz^ 'O^sqei rovzo^ 
«| Alyivtjg 'Ad-7]vaioi avzovg ts aai naidag na\ yvvaixagy invAaXi- 
aavzsg ov^ ^^^^J^^'^ ^ov noXi^ov acpiaiv aiTiovg sivai ' xai tijv Aiyi- 
vav dacfaXsGTEQOv icpaivszo, Ty IlEXoTTOvvr/acp iTzrASifiivriv, avzojv 
Ttt'ixxpavTag inoUovg e/^eiv. aai i^i/TEfixfjav vcteqov ov TzoXXqi ig 
avz7]v TOvg olxrJTOQag. 2. ixTTsaovai ds TOig Alyiv^Taig ol AaaE- 
daifxovioi sdoaav QvQsav oiasTv xai ti^v yjjv vs'fiSG&ai, xaTd te to 
Ad^ijvaicov didqjOQOv aai oti aqimv EVEQysTai rjaav vm tov a£ia{xbv 
aai Tcov EiXgjzcov t?]v inavdaTaoLV. tj ds QvQEaTig ylj fiEd^onia 
Tijg 'AQysiag aai Aaacanarjg icTiv, im d^dXa6oav aad^iqaovaa, aai 
ol (JLEV avTcov ivTav&a ^x7]oav, ol d' ianaQtiaav aaTcc Tr^v dXXr^v 
EXXdda. 

XXYIII. Tov 5' avTov '&EQ0vg vovfirjvia aaTo, aeXi^vtjVj mansQ 
aai fxovov doasT slvai yiyvEa&ai dvvatoVj 6 7]Xiog i^iXirzE fiEzd fiEajjfi- 
^Qiav aai ndXiv dvsTzXtjQco&r], ysvofisvog {iJjvoEidijg aai daTEQmf 
Ttv^v iaqiavEvzoov. 



S2 eOTKTJlJOr ATTTPA^illS. 

XXIX. Kat iv Tft5 avT^ '&tQEi A^vfiqiodGJQOv zov Ilvdeco, «V 
dga ^^§ST]QiTrjVf ov d^s ttiv adsXq^r^v ZiidXyirig, dvrdixsvov naq 
avzcp f-ityUf ol ^Ad^rjvaToij ttqoteqov noTJuiov vofiiXovisg, ttqo^evop 
BTTOir^aavto ■aai fietETTSfitpavTO, ^ov).6{X£voi ^izdXxtjv a(j}L6i xov T/]QecOf 
QQaaaf ^aatXtUy ^vfifia'/^ov yevia&ai. 2. o bs TtJQr^g ovTog, 6 tov 
SizdX'AOv TTUTfjQy TZQwtog 'OdQVGuig ztjv fiEydXriv ^aaiXsiCiv em 
nXtlov ttjg dXXtjg Qqay-tig etioujcje ' nolv yuQ ixtQog aal avTorofiov 
Igti 0Qanav. 3. TtjQEL ds T^ Hqoxvtjv tt]v Ilavdiovog an ^A&q- 
vmv 610VTI yvvalaa TZQoai^yisi 6 T^grjg oviog ovdtVy olds trig avTijg 
QQdx7]g iyevovzo, dX)! 6 fisv iv ^avXia rlig (I^coxidog fvv aaXov- 
UEvqg yTjg 6 Trioevg (^mei tore vno Qqccawv oinov^iEvrjgf nai to tQyov 
TO TzeQi TOV "izvv at yvvaTasg iv zy j'y zavzri 'inQo^av ' noXXoTg ds 
Hal zoov TZOiTjzmv iv dr^dovog fivi'jfiri /Iav7.icig i) OQvig inovofiaGzai, 
eixog ds y.al to yJ/dog Uavdiova ^vrd-tpaailai z7jg d^vyazqog did 
ToaovzoVy in dt^fsXsin Tr> nqog aXXtiXovg^ fxaXXov »/ 8id noXX^v 
tjfxsQ^v ig 'Odgv^ag odov. TrjQtjg ds ovzs to avzb ovoua f/oavy 
BaaiXsvg te nqwzog iv y^odzEi 'OdQvacjv iyivEzo. 4. ov dq ovza 
TOV ^izdXy.rjv ol 'A&ijvaToi ^vfiuayov inoi7]Gavzo, ^ov7.6fiEvoi (jcpiui 
TO. inl OQccxrig x^Qia na\ UEgdinyav ^vveXeiv avzov. 5. iX&cov te 
ig Tag '^&qvag 6 N^vficpodcoQog, ttjv te zov 2JizdXy.ov ^vfif-iayiav 
inoiriGEy xat ^ddoaov zov vihv avzov \4i)-i]vaXoVy zov te ini OQay.tjg 
noXEfiov vnEdtjETO aazaXvasiV nEiasiv ydg ^izdXyqv hi^xpEiv 
OTQaTidv Qqayiav 'A&ijvaioig innsav te hui TZEXzaazMv. 6. ^vve- 
3i§aoE ds ya\ zov ZlEQdixy.av zoTg ''A&ijvaioig yal OtQfiTjv avz^ 
'insiGEv dnodovvai' ^vvEazgdzEvas t EvOhg ZlegdrAxag ini XaXxi- 
diag fiEz ^A&rivaLoav 'Aa\ (PoQfiioDvog. 7. ovto3 fisv I^izdX'Aijg ze 6 
T/]nE(o Ooaxmv ^aaiXEvg ^vfifiaxog iyevEzo 'AOqraloigy i<a\ UsgdU' 
y.ag 6 ^AXs^drdgov Maysdovcov ^aaiXsvg. 

XXX. 01 d' iv zaTg sy.aTOv vavalv ^Ad^tivaloiy in ovzeg negi 
llEXon6vvi}aoVy 2,6Xi6v te KoQivd^icov noXiGfiu aiQovaty aai nanadi- 
Boaai IlaXaiQEVGtv 'AxaQvdvmv [xovotg Tqv yijv y,ai noXiv vtf.iEa&ai ' 
yal "AaTanoVy r^g Evag^og izvgdvvEiy Xa^ovzsg xazd ygdzog yat 
i^sXdaavzEg avzov to y^cogiov ig ttiv ^vfifia)[iav ngoasnoirjaavzo. 
2. ini ZE Ke(j:aXX7]viav t^v vqcov nXsvaavzEg ngoaqydyovzo avsv 
ftdy^qg, HEizai ds 7] KsqjaXXtjvia yazd ^Axa^raviav xai AtvHada, 



LIB. 11. CAP. XXXI— XXXIII. 83 

fETQCCTZoXig ovaa, TJaXyg^ KQccnot, ^af^aioi, TIqovcuqi. 3. vateoov 
^ ov noD.i^ m-EimQijaav at VT^Eg ig tag ^u4&ijvag. 

XXXI. IIeqI ds zb (fd^lVOTZCOQOVTOV -&&QOvg TOVZOV 'Ad^)]vaiot 

navd)^fi£ij avzo] nai ol fihoixoi, sat^alov ig zr^v MeyuQida IliQiiiXa- 
ovg Tov AdvOiTZTTOv cj^arriyovvTog. xat ol tteqi IlEXoTiovvrjaov 
A&rivatoi iv tdig Exatop vavaiv, hv^ov yaQ i]8ri iv ^lyivq ovtEg 
En oiHov ctvaxo}iit,6{XEvoij ojg r^a&ovTO zohg sk zTjg TToXscag navazQa- 
zta 8v MEyaqoig ovzag, ETzlEvaav tzuq avzovg aai ^frf/u^t^z/crar. 
2. azQazoTTEdov ZE fit'yiazov di] zovzo ad^QOOv 'A\}t]vaia)v lytvEzOj 
d'/.fiu^ovarjg tzt ztjg noXEcog aai ovtxco vEvocT^nviag. fivQiojv yaQ 
onXiz&)v ovH sXccGaovg ijaav avzoi \40iivaioij x^Q'S ^s avzoig oi iv 
riozidaia ZQiaxiXiOL yaav, [xszoixoi ds ^vvEat'^aXov ova iXdacJovg 
zQiGyiXl(ov oTzXizcoVy X(OQtg bs 6 dXXog ofiiXog ipiXoov ova oXlyog. 
hjuaavzEg 8e za no7.Xa zijg y^g dv£xcoQi]aav. 3. Eyavovzo 8s xai 
dXXai vazEQOv iv zm TzoXificp naza hog txaazov ia^oXai ^A&tjvaicov 
ig z)jp MsyaQida xai Itttze'ojv xal navazqazin, ^e^qi ov Areata saXca 
V7Z ^A&i]vaimv. 

XXXII. ^EzE(ii(sOri 8s xKi 'AzaXdvzt] vn ^Ad^^valoiv qiQOv- 
Qiov zov dtQavg zovzov ZEXsvzavzog tj ini Ao'AQoTg zolg "Ottovv- 
zioig vrjdog iQyjf^rj ttqozeqov ovaa, zov firj Xriazdg iy.TzXiovzag i^ 
'Onovvzog Tial zrjg aXXt^g Aoy.Qi8og 'AaaovQyEiv zijv Ev^oiav. 
2. zavza [xev iv z^ '&t'QEt zovrcp fiEzd zjjv zmv llEXoTiopvTjaioov in 
Z7]g 'AzziHijg dvaxcoQi]aiv iytvEzo. 

XXXIII. Tov 8' ETziyiyvo^ivov i^iii&ivog EvaQ^og 6 ^AxaQvav 
^ovX6f4,Evog ig z^v Aazaxov "AazEXd^ELV, ttel^ei KoQivd^iovg ZEoaa- 
Qu-Aovza vavai kol TTSvzaxoaioig xal x^Xioig onXizaig iavzov iiazd- 
yEiv ft7.Evaav^ag, y^ou avibg iTZinovQOvg zirdg 7iQ0OEfU6d(6aazo ' 
ijQXOv 8e zljg azQazidg Evqja^iSag ze 6 AQiazcovv/xov aai Tifio^E- 
rog 6 TijiOKQazovg x«t Evfxaxog 6 XQvaidog. 2. aai nXEvaavzEg 
y.azriyayov xai zrjg dXXtjg *AxaQvaviag z7jg tteqi -O^dXaauav 'iaziv 
a xcoQia ^ovX6(xEvot TTQoaTTou'iaaad^ai, xal TTEiQax^ivzEg, mg ovx 
i]8vvavzo, duETiXEOv in oiy,ov. 3. a^ovzEg 5' ip z^ naQdnXco ig 
KecpaXXt^viav xcct dno^aaiv noiP^6dfi£voi ig zyv KQavicop yriVy 
drrazrjd^EvzEg vn avzav «| ofxoXoyiag zivog dvSoag zs dno^dXXovai 
aqjo^v avzmv ini&Efxivoav dnQoabox^zotg z^v KQavlxaVy x«i ^laiors' 
QOv dvayayouEvoi inoixiaOqaav in oikov. -^ 



S4 QOTKT^i^Ox :ErrrFAa»ii2. 

XXXIV. ^Ev ds ZQJ avjo) yEificjtn, ol 'y^drjvaioi, t^ TzaiQicp 
v6[i(p ^gmfievoi, di^fiouia racpag STZOiijaarzo rav iv r^jde t^ TzoXtfirp 
TZQOozov a7io&av6vzo}v zqottc^ zoicpde. 2. to, ftev oaza TiQozi&evTm 
rcay dnoysvoiAsrmVj TZQOzgiza Gxrivi]v nou'iaavzegy 'aou iniqitqu Ttp 
avzov txaazog i]v zi ^ovlr^zai. 3. mEidav^h j) ixqiOQa ^jXaQraxag 
xvTzaQiaaivag ciyovaiv ufi-a^ui, q)v).7Jg iy.daztjg fiiav hsazi ds td 
oazd Tjg txaazog 7jv qtl?.^i^ /wt'ct ds x7Jv7] 'aevi] (ptQSzai iazQcofxt'rj] 
za>v dq)avay, ol av ft// svQS&ooaiv ig dvaiQsaiv. 4. ^vvexq:tQSi ds 6 
^ovXof^Evog xul dazmv xal ^spoav, xai yvvaixsg tzolqekjiv at TZQoaij' 
xovaai STZi zov zdcfov oXoq^vQoiASvai. 5. zi&taaiv ovv ig zo dtjij.6- 
610V aJifxat iffziv mi zov y>aX)Jazov nQoaazsiov ZT^g noXsmg, y.ai 
dsl iv avzM d^dnzovat zovg ix zav no)J[X(av^ TiXtjv ye zovg iv Ma- 
Qa&avi ' ixEivcav ds diaTTQSTZtj zrjv uqeztjv xQivavzEg aviov xal thv 
rdqiov inoiricav. 6. STiEiddv ds xQvipmai y^, dviiQ riQijfiEvog vtio zT^g 
!z6).£(ogf og uv yvomri zs dox^ fii] d^vvEzog sivai xai d^ioo^azi TTQorjxij, 
)J/Ei in avzoTg snaivov zov nqmovza ' fiEza ds zovzo ansQ'/ovzai. 
7. mds nlv ■Od.Tzzovai ' xal did Tzavzog zov TZoXifiOVj onozs ^vfi^aii] 
avzoTg, i/oavzo zm vofico. 8. etil d ovv zoXg TiQmzoig zoidds rFtQi- 
nXijg 6 !E!avd^in7Z0v ilQt&f] Xtysiv.' xai insidtj xaigbv iXdfi^art, 
nQoslOmv dno zov ar^fiazog inl ^rif.ia v\pi]Xov nsnotrifiEVQv, onwg 
dxovoizo ojg ini tzXeIozov zov ofiiXov, sXsys zoidde. 

XXXV. 01 fisv TioXXol zmv sv&dds eiqt^xozkiv ydf] snaivovai 
zov TTQOG&irza z(p v6fiCi> zov Xoyov zovdsj cog xaXov im zoTg ex zcor 
noXifimv ■d^anzoiiEvoig dyoQEvsa&ai avzov ' ifioi 5' uqxovv dv idoxst 
eJvai dvdQmv dya&mv sgyqt ysvofitvcav sQycp xac df]XovG&ai zdg 
Tifidgj oia xai vvv negl zov zdqjov zovds dr^iioaia TzaQaaxEvaa&Evza 
oguzEj xal fiT] ir svl drdQi ttoXXojv UQEzag xtvdvvEVEG&ai ev zs xai 
XeTqov eItzovzi ni(JZEv&l]vai. 2. yaXsTzov ydg zo /uEZQicog eItieTv, h 
CO uoXig xal rj doxr/aig zTJg dXrjOEiag ^s^aiovzai. o zs yuQ ^vvEfduO', 
xal svvovg dxQoaztjg zd'/ dv zi ErdssazEQaig, TZQog a ^ovXszal zs xa\ 
sniazazai vofJiiasiE dijXovad-aiy o zs ansigog sgziv a xui fiXsovd^s- 
a&ai, did q)&6voVj el zi vtisq zijv savzov (pvaiv dxovoi. n'^/oi ydn 
zovds dvExzoi 01 'inaivoi siai nsQi szeqchv Xsyo^usvoij ig oaov dv y.ai 
avzog txaazog o'njzai ixarog slvai dgdoai zi ojv, Jixovas' zm dt 
vnsQ^dXXovTi avT(^v qjx^ovovvzsg yd)] xa\ drtiazovaiv. 3. intidij dt 
%oTg ndXai ovzmg idoxi^do&ij zavza xaXrng i'/^EiVy ^Qq xai ifii-', 



LIB. II. CAP. XXXVI— XXXVIII. 85 

mouEvov 7q5 j'o'iMO), neiQcia&at vfAmv zT^g iy.dazov (^ovX/jaecag 78 nal 
d6^t]g rvx^tv G)g inl nXsiaiov. XXXVI. uQ^Ofxai ds dnb rmv 
TTQoyovmv ttqojzoV diy.aiov yccQ avzoig xai notnov ds a^a sv r^ 
TOit^ds rriv 7ifA,rjv 7avTJ]v trjg [Jivrifijjg didoa&ai. x^jv yaq '/^cogav ast 
01 avTol olxovvTEgf diadoxy t^v iTTiYiyvofitvoov ii^^Qt tovds Hevx^f- 
Quv di' dQ877]v 7zaQ8do6av. 2. :ial ixEivoi 78 a^ioi maivov^ xm hi 
udllov ol 7za7tQ8g TjfiaV xri]6dfi8i^oi ydq TZQog olg idtS,av70 oariv 
f/o^8v dQyj]V ovx dnovcog rjiuv 70ig vvv TzgoaaarEXinov. 3. t« ds 
7t181(o avTijg av7ol ijiisig o'id8, ol vvv hi ov78g [iuXi67a 8V ttJ yia08- 
Gztjuvia rjXi'/uaj 87ZTjv^^(jafi8Vj xai xriv nohv 7oTg Tidai 7iaQ8GMJ(x.' 
(ja[i8v aal ig n6X8fiov y.al ig 8iQi]vtjv av7aQX8aTd77]v. 4. cov e'/co t« 
[lEv x«ra 7io}Jiiovg tQya, oig exacrroj E}i7rj&}], r] ei 7i av70i rj ot 
7za7EQ8g r]iA.mv ^uQ^aQOv tj "EXXijva noXs^iov hnovxa TZQod^vficog 7]{a.v- 
vdiiE&a, fiui^QTiyoQEiv 8v EidoGiv ov ^ovXof^EVOijj idaoo ' dno ds oiag 
78 i7ii7rid£va8cog 7jX&o{xev eti amd aai fisd' olag 7ioXi7Eiag xai 
ZQonoav e'S, oioav fXEydXa EyEVE70, Tav7a dtjXcaJag nQmzov eJ(ii :<ai 

im 70V Zavds ETiaiVOV, VOlAll^CaV ETZI rS Tft) 7ZKiQ6v7l OVX dp aTTQETl?] 

XE'/^&iivai amdf xai 7ov ndvra ofiiXov ytai dazmv >iai ^evcov ^vfAqjo- 
Qov Elvai av7av inaxovaai. XXXYII. '/QMfiE&a yuQ noXnEin 
ov ^?]Xovai] 70vg 7oov niXag vofjiovg^ naQudEiyixa ds fxuXXov avzoi 
ov78g 71V1 1] fiifxov{.i8voi sTEQOvg. itat ovofta [isv did 7o fXTj ig bXlyovg 
dXX ig nXEiovag ovaeXv dmionQCLZia nt'xX7]7ai' fiizsazi ds xazce fisv 
7ovg voixovg nQog t« idia didcpoQa ndai to igov, itazd ds 7t]v d^io)- 
61V, cog i:'ya67og ev tq) EvdoxifXEij ovx dno fxtQovg zo tzXeiov ig zd 
v.oivd 7] dn dQEzTjg nQOxiixdzai, ovd' av xazd-TTSviav, sycov ds zi 
dyadov dqaaai Z7]v noXiv, d^icofzazog dqjavsif^ asxmXvzai. 2. iXsv- 
■KfEQiag ds zd zs TiQog zb noivbv TZoXizsvofiEv aai ig zrjv ngbg dXX^- 
7.ovg zap 'AaO^ 7]iiEQap i7iiz7]dEV[/.dzcop viroxpiap, oh di cgy^jg zop 
niXag, eI y>ad^ ijdovtjp zi dQu, siopzEg, ovds d^rjptiovg [xsp XvuriQug 
ds Z7i oipEi dy^d^ridovag TiQoazi&EixEPOi. 3. dvEnaid^ag ds zd idia 
sTQOOo^iXovvzEg zd drjixoaia did diog ^dXiaza ov TzaoavofAOvfxsp, zoop 
zs dsl ip dQ'/^ 0V703P dnQodasi aai zcop po^icop acu lAdXiara avzwp 
oaoi zs iTZ (ogjEXsia zap ddrAOVfi£PG)p y.EZvzai, y.ai caoi, dyqaqioi 
opzEg, alayyvr^p 6fxoXoyoviJ.EV7jp cpEQOvai. XXXVIII. hoi fXTjv not 
zojp tzopcov TiXsiazag dvanavXag zy ypcoixij iTzoniadfiS&cij dyooai pih 
"^8 i(.a\ ■Ovuiaig di8Z7]aiQig poiAit,ovzEg, Idiaig ds y.ci.zaay,Evaig evttqe* 



86 eoTKTJiJor STirPAiiUS, 

ffzsmv, ojv nad^ ijiitqav tj regxpig to IvnriQov innhj^aei. 2. i;s8io 
tQX^TM ds dia fit)'8&og t?jg TioXecag ex 7idar]g yijg ta Ttdpra, xa\ 
^vf^^airei ijfAiv fit^dsv oihsiotsqk ty ccnoXataei ra avtov dyaO^a 
yiyv6{-ieya xaoTTOvad^at, r} xal td imv dXkmv dvO^QOJTrmv. XXXIX. 
8iaqjSQ0[ASv ds y.ac raig zcof 7zo).SfA.ixojv fiEXhaig rav ivaprtcop 
ToTads. Z}]V rs yag noXiv 7iOivi]v Tiagr/^OfiEVj aal ova tariv ore ^err/- 
Xaaiaig dneigyofitv ziva ij fia&tjfiazog rj dedfiaiog, o fit] y.qvqjdtv 
dp Tig Tmv TioXsfxiav idojv aqjaXij&Eit], niGTEvovteg ov taig naga- 
cxEvaig TO TzXtov yai anazaigy tj Tcp aqp' rjfji^v avTav eg td egycc 
Evxpv'j^cp ' itai Iv Toig Ttaidsiaig at ^isv imnovo^ daxi'iaei, ev&vg vtoi 
ovTEg^ TO drdgeiov fiETsgxovTai, I'lfiEig ds dvEij-tEvcag diaiTcoixEvoi 
oi'dsv 7)aaov im Tovg i607zaXeig aivdvvovg i(ogov{A,Ev. 2. T£y>fij]giov 
8e ' ovTS ydg ^axEdaifionoi y,a^ indaTovg, fiSTu TrdvTcov 5' ig tijv 
y7]v Tjfimv GigaTEvovaif Trjv rs tmv niXag avzol ETZsX&ovTeg ov x^'^Xe- 
TTcog iv Ty dXXoTgin Tovg nsgi Tav oixEioov dfivvofiEvovg fia^oiJisvot 
' Ta tzXeico 'AgazovfiEV. 3. d&goa ts ti] dvvdfiEi rj^iav ovSEig tko 
TzoXEfuog EvizvyiEf 8id tijv tov vavzixov zs afta iTziixtXeiav, yea ttjv 
iv Ti] yri im noXXd tjficov avzojv iTZiTZEfixpiv ' 7]p ds nov fiogfoj Tirl 
ngoafii^coaif KgazriaavxEg te zivag rui^v Tidvzag av^ovuiv azreoa'- 
ox^ai, 'Aai nH7]&ivzEg v(f dndvzoov rjdOTJa&ai. 4. aaizoi. eI gct&v^ua 
fidXXov 7/ novojp fXEXkzri, nai, inj fiazd vofiav, to tzXeiov ^ Tgonmv 
dvdgEiag id^tXo(4.Ev ydvdvvEVEiv, nEgiyiyvEzai r/fiTv ToTg ts f^iiXXovair 
dXyELVoTg /x// ngondfivEiP, yai ig avzd iX&ovai iiij dzoXf-iozsgovg Tcof 
dsl iio^dovvTrnv qjaivEod^cu. XL. y.al 'iv te TOVTOig zfjv noXiv 
d^iav Eivai Oavfid^sa&ai xal hi iv dXXoig. q)iXoyiaXovfiEv ydg {jiez 
EVTsXEiag not qiiXo6oq}OVfXEv dvEv fxaXay.iag' nXovzcp zs sgyov fidX 
Xov Tiaigcp tj Xoyov y^oiincp xgconsda, yai zo Tiivta&ai ov^ 6iio?.oytTp 
Tin ah^gSvy dXXd jU^ diacpsvysiv 'igycp aiaxiov. 2. epi te Toig 
avToXg oly.Eicov dfia y,al ttoXizixojp imixiXsia, y.ai szigotg ngog sgya 
zEzgafX[iipoig zd noXizmd fxij ivdsoog yvoovai ' {lovoi ydg tov te /<^- 
dsv tm'ds fiszixovza ovh dngdyiiova dXX d^gEiov vof4,i^o[iEPy 'xal 
avzot 7]zoi xgivofJiEV ys tj iv&vinovf^E&a og&mg zd ngdy^aza^ ov 
TOvg Xoyovg zoig sgyoig §Xd^r]v i]yovixEvoiy dXXd ^m// ngodidaxx^ipcn 
udXXov Xoyqi ngozsgov 7/ iizi a dti sgycp iX&elv. 3. diaopegovzoag 
ydg d}j aai zods txofisvy mazs zoXfidv zs ol avzo\ ^dXiozaj xai Tiigt 
m imxEigriao^iEP inXoyi^saO^ai ' o zoTg ccXXoig d{xa&ia fisv -O^Qdcog^ 



LIB. II. CAP. XLI. XLII. 87 

loyiauog ds onvov cptQEi. yQaztazoi d' uv zijv xpvpiv dina^ccg x^t- 
&eTsVj 01 id 7S dsivci xai ifiia aacptarara yiyvcooaovz^gj y.ai dia 
tavta firj anotQSTTOf^evoi ea zojv 'aiv8vvo3v. 4. nat tcc eg aQETtit * 
^vavTiooiAEda ToTg noXloTg' ov yaq ndo'iowEg ev dXXk dQavTsg 
¥i7c6fXE&a Tohg qiD.ovg. §£^a(6i£Qog ds 6 dodaag zj]v xocqiv^ caars 
6q)EiXo(XEvjjv 5fc' avvoiag cp dtdcoxs acoi^siv' 6 5' dvToqjeiXojv uft^Xv- 
fEQog, aldojg ovk ig X^qiv, d)X ig ocpEiXij^a ri^v aQETJjv ccTiodaacov. 
5, nai fiovoi ov toy ^v^qjtQOvzog fiaXXov XoyiGfiM ?} tiig iXsv&EQiag 
z(p niat^ ddemg riva cocpEXovfisv. XLI. ^vvEXoiv zs Xsym Z7]v ze 
ndaav noXiv zrjg 'EXXddog Traidevatv Eivai, nul aaO^ exaazop doaeTv 
dv fxoi zov avzov dvdQa nag rjfimv inl nXElaz av Eidi], xai y.Eza 
laQLtmv ^dXiaz dv EvzQaTzeXojg, zb cafza avtaQHEg naQEX^Gd^iu. 
2. aal d)g ov Xoyojv iv zm naQovxi y.of-iTZog zdds fioiXXov i] tQycov 
iazrv dX/jd^eia, avzij rj dvvafug zTjg TzoXEoog^ tiv dno zavds zav zqo- 
Tzmv iazt^adiAEi^a, arjfxaivEi. 3. (wvij ydq zojv vvv dxorjg yiQEiaacov 
ig TZEiQCiv EQiEiaij y.a\ fiovi] ovzs zcp noXEfxiop etieX&ovzi dyardxzj]aiv 
sX^i vq) omv 'Aay.oiza&Ei, ovzs zcTj V7i7]n6q) :<azdfi£fAxp(v ag ov^ vri 
d^tmv aQyezai. 4. fiEzd f^sydXcop ds aijfXEiojVj acu ov dfj zoi dfidn- 
zvQov ys zijv dvvufiiv naoaaioiiEvoij zoTg zs vvv aai zoTg 'inEira 
■&av[4,a(T&r]G6(XEd^a, nai ovdEv TTQoadsofiSvoi ovzs 'Of^rJQOv iTiaivsTov, 
ovzs oazig 'insGi fxsv zo avtUa zsQxpei, zmv 5' Egymv zijv vnovoiat 
t] dX^&sia ^XdxpEi, dXXd ndaav fisv d^dXaaaav ncu yTjV ia^azov zr^ 
TjiAEzsoa zoXfiyj :<azavayxdaavTEg ysrsad'af, navzaypv ds ^rr]ima 
Kaxoov zs y.dya&av didia ^vyaaroiyJaavzEgi 5. ttsqI zoiavzijg ovv 
noXscog oi8s zs ysvvaicog diyaiovvzsg jm// dqjatQS&TJvai avzrjp [iayo- 
^Evoi izsXsvTTjGaVj xai zav Xsmofitvcov ndvza zivd sixog sdiXsiv 
V7ZEQ avztjg xdfxvsiv. XLII. dtb dq aai iutjavva ra nsQi zijg no- * 
Xsoag, di8aoi>iaXiav zs Tioiov^isvog fij] nsqi iaov rjiAiv slvai zov dymva 
Kat. oig zcovds (i7]8sv vTidgy^si o^oiag, y.ai z?]v svXoyiav ana icp olg 
vvv Xtyco qjavsQCL-v G?]ii£iO(g ya&iatdg. 2. yal sinrjzai avzijg zd 
utyiGza ' a yag ziiv tzoXiv v^viiaa, at zojvds yal z^v zoiavds aQeTat 
ix6afi7]aaVj yai ovk dv noXXoTg zav 'EXXtjvcov laoQQOTZog wansQ 
%mv8s 6 Xoyog zmv SQycov q)avEitj. doxsT ds fioi dt]Xovv dvdQog aQSZJjv 
aocoz)] zs iA.j]vvovaa y.ai zsXsvzaia ^t^aiovaa i) vvv zoovds xaza^ 
^ZQOcp], 3. v.ai yuQ zoTg zdXXa ysiooai diy.aiov zijv ig zovg txoXs' 
^ovg VTisQ zijg nazqidog dvdQayaOiav nQOzl&sod^ai' dyaO^^ ydq 



88 -eOTKTJlJOT ATrrPA'PH^. 

aaxov aq)ariGavTsg aoivmg [luXXov (x)q)sli]aav rj m trnv idioDv 8^Xa<. 
\pav. 4. zavde ds ovte nloviov Tig, tj]v hi anoXavaiv TiQoiifirjaag, 
i[A,aXaxicOi] ovis nstiag iXnidi, cog xuv hi diaq)vy(x>v avztjv nXov- 
ztjaf-iEv, dva^oXr^v tov dsivov i/zoujaaro ' triv 8s zmv havticav Tifioo- 
Qiav TZo&EiPortQav avrap Xa^ovtsg, aai YAvbvvmv au.a lovde ndXXi- 
Gtov fOfitaavTeg, i^ovXi]0^i]aav fXEz avjov rohg fitv Tifj.aiQHa&cu, 
TMV de 8q)iaadat, iXnidi (aev io dquvsg tov ^ajoq^mauv iniTQt- 
xpapzeg, egycp ds tteqi tov ijdt] bqcofitvov Gqjiaiv avToTg d^iovvTsg 
TTSTZOiO^trai, aal iv avtcp zo dfxvvta&ai h(u nad^Eiv [AoiXXov riyijaoi- 
uEvot ?] TO irdovzeg aco^eaO^cu, to fiav ah'/^QOv TOt' Xoyov acpvyov, to 
8' Eoyov T(p (jcofiazi VTZf^JiBivav, xat di' iXa^iatov y.aiQOv Tv^r]g apia 
d'/fAy T7jg d6^7]g fiuXXov i] tov dtovg dmjXXdyijaav. XLIII. xal 
Olds fisv TiQoariiiovTcog r^ noXsi Toioids iytvovto ' Tovg ds Xomovg 
'j^Qij daqtaXsazsQav usv svisa&ai, dToXfiOTsqav ds firjdsv d^iovv t^v 
ig Tovg TzoXefiiovg didvocav sj^siv, axoTzovvtag fii] X6y(p fiovcp T7jf 
mcpilsiav, i^v dv Tig nqog ovdsv xeTqov avzovg v^dg sldoTug jjrjxvvoi, 
Xsycov oaa h toj TOvg noXe^iovg dfxvrsaOai dyadd ivsGTir, dXXd 
fidXXov Tijv Tijg TZoXscog dvvafiiv y.aO^ rifisqav SQycp Oscofitrovg xai 
SQaGTag yiyvofitvovg avzrig, xai otuv vfxTv ^sydXi] do^ij shai, ivdv- 
fiovfisvovg oTi ToXfAMVTEg, y.ai yiyvmaxovTsg rd dsovza, xai iv Toig 
EQyoig ai6)[vv6fiEvoi dvdQsg amd ixT^aavTO, xal onozs xai nsiQa 
TOV aqjaXsir^aav, ovaovv y,ai t>jv noXiv ys Tijg GcpETSQcig dQEZTjg d^i- 
ovt'Tsg GTEQiaxEiv, xdXXiCTOv ds soavov avTij 7ZQoi't[uEvoi. 2. xoitr} 
yuQ Tce acojjiaza didovTEg, idia tov dyTjQoov tnaivov iXdfi^avov, y,ai 
TOV Taqsov ETZiat^iiozaTOv, ovx iv cp ksivtui fxdXXoVj dXX iv o) fj 
do^a avTmv Tiaqd t^ evtviovti dsi xai Xoyov nai eqyov xaiQip dti- 
uvrjaTog xaTaXsiizEzai. 3. dvdQoov ydq intqiavav ndaayij tdqiog 
xai ov GT)p.6jv fiovov iv tij oiy.sia GtifxaivEi iTziygaq)^, dXXd xai iv 
Tij [X)j 7iQoai]yov6i] uyQuqjog livrifiij naQ sadaTq) Tljg yvc6fij]g fAuXXor 
7] TOV EQyov ivdiaiTaTat. 4. ovg vvv vfisTg ^tjXcoGavzsg xal to svdui- 

UOV to iXsV&EQOVy TO ds iXsv&EQOV to EVlpV^OV XQlVaVTSg, fit] TZEQIO 

qugOe Tovg TzoXsiiixovg xivdvvovg. 5. ov ydg at xaxoTZQayovvzcg 
dr/.atoztQov dq)£idoT£v dv tov §iov, oig iXnig ovx sgt dyadov, dXX 
olg rj ivavTia fisza^oXt] iv T(p ^7jv hi xivdvvEvSTai, xal iv olg' fidXi- 
aza uEyaXa tu diaqiSQOVTa, i]v ti nTaiaoaaiv. 6. dXysivoz^'Qct yo.Q 
dtdqi ys qQovtjfia tjovzi i] h tq) /t6T« tov fiaXaxia&livai xdxcujig, 



-7 yrrz^x^ 



LIB. 11. CAP. XLIV — XLVII. 89 



f/y 6 uEza (mfiTig y.(u xoivtjg D.nldog a^a yiyvofXEVog avaia&riroq 
^avaTog. XLIV. diOTiSQ xa/ Toig zavds rvv zoatag, oaoi TiaQEffTS^ 
ovK 6Xoq)VQOfxai fiaXlov, ij naQaiivOijaoiiai. tv TzoXvrQOTZOig yaq 
^vfiqjOQoig mlatavtai TQaqjtvzsg ' lo 5' evTv^^g, ol uv rrjg evtzqetzs- 
GTOLtrig Xdio30iVj ojgtteq oids fisv vvv Te}.Evzrjgf vfiEig ds Xv7Tt]g, y.al 
oig ivsvdaifiovrjaai ze 6 ^log ofxoicog aai ivTEXEVTjjaai ^vve^etqtj&j]. 
2. ^o-Ietiov \ikv ovv oidcc tzeiOeiv ov, g)v xai TtoXXdmg e^sts vTiofiv/]' 
{iaza iv dXXoav Evivxiaig, «<? ttots aai avrol rjdXXsa&s ' y,a\ XvTzrj 
0V1 cov dv Jig liTj TZEigaaaixEvog aya&mv oiEQia7i7]Tai, uXX' ov dv 
iddg yevofievog dqiaiQE&y. 3. ^aQTSQEtv ds ^qt] :tai dXXoiv naibmv 
iXnidi oig sti riXixia tehpcxxJiv Tzoma&ai ' idia ts yccQ tmv ovk ovtoav 
X^d^i] ol iTnyiyvofiEvoL tiaiv EQovzaiy xai ry tzoXei diyod^Ev, ex re rov 
M// EQt]fiovad^ai aal aGqiaXEin, ^vvoiaei' ov yuQ olov ts laov ri ^ 
duaiov ^ovXEvea&ai, ol dv ^7] xai Tzaldag in tov ofioiov TzaQa^aX- 
XofiEvoi KivdvvEvcoaiv. 4. oaoi 5' av TzagT^^rixars, tov iz nXEiova 
ntQdog ov EVTvysits §iov tjyEiad^s xai zovde ^Qayvv easa&aiy xal ty 
zavds evkXsicc novqji^Ed&e. to yaQ qnXoriiiov dyriQoav [xovov, kuI ova 
iv T(^ d^QEicp trig rfXrAiag to xegdaivEiv, (ogtieq tivEg (fact, (.idXXov 
TEQTiEi, dXXk 10 Tijida&ai. XLV. naiui 5' av oaoi tm'ds TzaQEazs 
?} ddeXqioig oqm fiEyav zov dyava ' tov ydg ovx ovtcc drtag Eiad^EV 
EnaivEiv, aal [xoXig dv xad^ vtteq^oXtiv aQEiijg ovy Ofjioioi dXX oXiycp 
yEiQOvg xQid^EitjTE. q}&6vog ydg loTg ^cacrt nqog to dvtinaXov, to ds 
Hq ifiTTodav dvavtaycoviatcp svvoia tEtifA.tjrai. 2. el 8s f^s dei aai 
yvvamEiag ti dgetijg oaai vvv ev X^QEia saovtai ^V7]ad^7p'ai, ^Quyeicc 
naQaivEaei anav arjfiava. tTJg ts yuQ VTraQyovGTjg qjvoeojg fxij ysi- 
Qoai yevead-ai vf-uv [xsydXy rj 5o|a, aai yg dv eii iXdyiazov, dQSt?jg 
TiEQi ?} xpoyov iv toTg dqaeai xXtog rj. XLVI. eiQt]Tai xai Ifjioi 
7.6yo^ y,atk tov vofiov oca elyov nqoacpOQa, nat SQyqi ol d^antoiisvoi 
td iitv ri^i] y.enoGfiTivtaij td ds avtwv tovg naXbag to dno tovds 
dqnoaia rj noXig (^ejqi j]^t]g d-Qt^pEiywqiEXijiov <JtE(pavov toTads ts nut 
toig XemouEvoig tmv toioovds aycovcov TTQori&Eiaa' a&Xa yuQ oig 
aeitai dQETjjg fityiaia, toTads aai ardgsg uQiaioi noXitevovoi. 
2. vvv de dnoXocpvqdiiEvoi ov nQOurixei exaazog dmts. 

XLVII. Toi6(jde (JLEv tdq}og iytvezo iv tco ysiixmi tovzq^ ' 
y.al disX&ovtog avzov tiqcozov tzog tov TioXifxov tovds izeXevza. 
2. tov dl d^eqovg ev-&vg aQyofxivov, TiEXonovvriaioi y.a\ ol ^vftfiaxot 



90 eoTKTJi/iOT zrrrPA<Pii2. 

ja dvo i^SQtj, cx}(j7Z£q hul TO noazov, iat'^alov ig ryv '^4itrAtjp'' 
TiyHio ds '^oyidafxog 6 Ztv^iddixov ydaHsdaifioncov §aai7.evg. 

3. Y.ai y.ad^e^o^eroi iddovv tjjv yrjv. xal ovT(av avzav ov TzoV.dg 
Tzoj iifitgag Iv ry L-^tz/x^ ?/ roaog ttq^zov t'jQ^aio ysvtod^ai loig 
*A&rivaLOig^ Xeyofisvov fisv xai nqozaQOv TzoXlaioas iyy.azaa'Ati^ai 
nai 7Z8QI Arinvov xai ev uD.oig ycoQioigj ov fievzoi zoGovzog ys ).oi- 
fiog ovda qi&OQU ovzcog avd^Qoanrnv ovdcifiov ifiVTifiovEvszo yersa&ui. 

4. Gvrs yaQ iutqoi ijq'aovv to tzqmzov degaTravovTsg dyvoirc, dXX 
avzol fJLokiaza i&vTjG'^ov o<jcp aai fidXiaza TZQoaijEaaVj ovzs all?] 
uv&QOJTiELa TtyvT] ovSejiia ' oaa ts ngog IsQoTg iKtzevcav rj [lavzsiuig 
y>al ToTg TOiovzoig iyQijaavzOy Tzcivza dvcoqjeXTj tjVf Talsvzmvztg zs 
avzav dnHazr^aav vno tov xaaov fixcoiisvoi. XLYIII. ijQ^azo ds 
TO fi£v TiQojzoVf cog Xeyezai, i^ AiOioniag zyg vtzeq AlyvnzoVy 
87zeiza ds Y>ou ig Aiyvmov xat Ai^vtjv naza^rj nut ig zyv ^aailamg 
yriv Ti^v TzoXXijv. 2. ig ds TrjV 'A{^)]vaiv3v noXiv s^aTZivaiojg ivs- 
aisaSj aai to ttqwtov iv tw UsiQaisl tjxpazo tmv ardQcoTZcav, oaaze 
y>al iXiidrj vn avzmv wg oi TIsXoTzovvriaioi (paQfia'Aa iu^s^XijaoiEv 
ig ta (fQsaza' ygTp'ai, yaq ovnoi ijoav avzo&i. vgtsqov ds y.ai ig 
zhr apco tzoXiv dq:iy.ezo >iai t&vtjonov noXXo) fiaXXov ^jd?]. 3. Xsyszco 
fisv ovv TieQi avzov <ag sxaazog yiyvcoaxsi xai lazQog nm Idtcazrjg 
dcp ozov siHog 7^v ysvia&ai avzoy yea zag aiziag aativag rofiiXsi 
zooavzr^g fisza^oXTJg iHavdg sivai dvvafiir ig to fiszttazr^aai aysTv ' 
iycj ds oiov zs iyiyvszo 7J^co, yai d(p coy av zig ayonav, si nozs yen 
avdig iniTZsaoi, iidXiesz av tyoi zi TZQOSidag fx\ dyvosTr, zecvza 
StjXeoaa) avzog zs 'voaijaag yai avrog ideov aXXovg naayovzag. 
XLIX. TO lilv yuQ szog, cog aixoXoysirOy i/. ndvzcov fjidXiazec d) 
iysTvo dvoaov ig zdg dX7,a,g dff&svsiag izvyictvsv ov ' si ds zig yea 
TiQoiy.auvs zi, ig zovzo Tidvzcx, aTZsyQidi]. 2. zovg 5' dXXovg dn 
ovdeiAtdg TZQoqjdasmgy dXX i^aiq)VTjg vyisTg vrzag ttq^zov fisv zTjg 
y.sq;(f.X7jg ■Oiofxai layvQai yac zeav oepx^aXfiav igvO^/juaia yea (pXoj'co- 
6ig iXdfi^avSy yai t« ivzog, y zs qpctof}'^ yai rj yXmaaay svOug al^a- 
ziodri 7jv yai Tzrsvfia uzotzov yai dvGadsg ycfisi ' 3. sTzsiza i^ avzcjv 
nzecQUog yccl ^qdyyog snsyiyvszOy yeu iv ov noXXm /(>ortt) yazi^eaviv 
ig za azij&rj 6 novog ^szu ^yyog iayvQov ' yea bnois ig zifV yetQdmr 
(jzt'Qi^aty dvsaznscps zs avzyv yai d7zoya\)eiQasig X^^-^l"^ Tzdfjai oaat 
1)710 lazQcav eavofiaafiivai siaiv iTZusaav, yeu avzai usiet. zaXaiTJooQi- 



LIB II. CAP. LI. 91 

(tg fisydXijg. 4. Xvy^ rs zoTg TzXsioaiv Ivimme xsv7], OTTccafiOP 
ivSidovaa la'/vQOVj loig fxev fiSTu zavza XcoqjijaavTa, roTg ds xal 
noD.op vGzeQOv. 5. 7(ai ra ixav e^coO^ev UTzzo^tvco amficc ova ayav 
■d£QfMjV r^v ovTS iX(OQov, oXX v7TtQV\}Q0v, TiElidvov, qjXvxzaivaig 
(ii'AQaTg xai ih/.aaiv i^f^v&Tjaog ' to da ivtbg ovtcog ixdszOj aais 
l>if]zs zay ndvv Xettzoov Ifxazioov xai civdovcov zdg Eni^oXag fiijd* 
dXXo zi rj yvfxvoi dva'^aadai, ridicfzd zs av eg vdag ipv^Qov aqjdg 
avzovg qiuzeiv. y.ai noXXoi zovto zav tj/AsXTjiitvcov dv&Qconoiv y.al 
tdgaaav ig (fqiaza, ziq diipri uTTavazcp ^vvEXOf^svot. y^al iv z^ ofioioj 
naO^eiaz^HSi z6 zs nXaov y^ai 'iXaaaov nozov. 6. Koi ij dnoQia zov 
fir] tjavxd^siv '^cu rj dyqvnvia iTZtxaizo dtd ncuvzog. y.ai zb amfxa, 
oao'vTZSQ i^Qvov y.0Li 7] voGog dxfxd^oij ovx ifiaQaivezOj dXX dvzaijrs 
TzaQcc do^av zy zaXaifzoogiaf (o<jzs y diaqjilaiQOvzo ol nXaiGzoi iva- 
zaioi xai i^doiiaioi vno lov ivzog xavfzazog an 'i'/^oviag zi dvvdnacog, 
7] ai diaq}vyoiaVj Ini'AaziovTog zov voarnjiazog ig ztjv noiXiaVj y,a\ 
sXacoaacog zs avzy la'/VQccg iyyiyvofiavr^g, aal diaQQOiag dfJia dy.Qdzov 
anmiTZZovarig^ ol noXXoi vazagov di' avzijv da&araia uTisqi&aiQOVzo. 
7. ^la^yai yaQ dia Tzavzog zov ctofiazog dvm&av dQ^d(iavov zo av 
zy }ia(paXy ttqoozov IdQv&av iiaaov, Kal at zig eh zav ixsyicfzoov naqi- 
yavoizoj zav ys dnQoozTjQicov avziXtjipig avrov aTtaarjfiaive ' 8. >iaza- 
a}ii]7ZZ8 yaq ig aidoTa kui ig ccxQag xaZgag Jtccf TTodag, not rioXXo] 
GzaQiaaofiavoi zovzcov ditqjavyov, alal 5' ol xat zav 6q)d^aXf4.av. 
zovg 8s aai X^d^t] iXdf/^ava TraQavTiacx, dvaazdvzag zmv ndvztov 
ofA-oicog, 'Aai viyvoijaav acpdg zs avzovg kuI zovg iTTiTr^daiovg. 
L. yavofiavov ydg :^Qaiaaov Xoyov zo aldog zTjg voaov, zd zs dXXa 
^aXaTZOizagmg tj xazd zijv dvd^QGJTzaiav cfV6Lv nqoGmiTZzav sxdazqj, 
Y.ai iv zq)ds idrjXcoas fidXiaza dXXo zi ov ?} zcav ^wzgoqimv zi ' zd 
yaQ OQvsa aai zazgdnoda oaa dv&QcoTZoop aTZZszai, TzoXXmv dzdq}(X)y 
yiyvofJiavoiVf y ov TZQoayaij y yavadfiava diaqj&siQSzo. 2. za'AfiiiQiov bt ' 
zav fxav zoiovzcov oqvi&cov ifziXaixpig 6aq)fig iyavazOjUal ov/^scoq^vto 
ovze aXXoog ovzs tzsqi zoiovzov ovdav' ot da xvvag {xdXXov aiaOrjair 
nagai'/^ov zov dno^aivovzog did zo ^vvdiaizdod^ai. /. . 

LI. To fxav ovv r6Gt]fi.a, noXXd xal dXXa nagaXinovzi dzoniag, 
I'g saduzcp itvy^avi zi diacpagovzcog szagqi !n:Qog azagov yiyvofiavov^ 
zoiovzov 7jv im ndv zhv idaav. koi dXXo nagaXvizai }taz inalvof 
toy iQovGV ovdav z^v alcadozcov ' o bs xal yavoiio, ig zovzo izaXav' 



92 ooTKTJiJor ATrrPAiiiis. 

ta. 2. 'idv^a'AOv de oi fj,tv afisXela, ot ds xal ndvv dsQaTTSvojuevot. 
iv T£ ovdev xaTtaTTj tafia cog eiTZEiv o,ti yQijv TZQOffCfSQovTas (wgps- 
).Hv' TO ycLQ TOT ^vvEvsy)i6v, oXkov rovTo '^^Xanie. 3. Gmfid re 
uvTaQxsg ov ovdsv dieqidvT] TTQog avzo, la^vog tzs'qi y dadsveiag, 
dlld Tzdvta ^vvriQSt aal za ndari diairri ^eQa7T£v6[i£va. 4. deiro- 
taiov ds navTog riv rov aanov ?] rs d{)vfxia onors zig aia&oizo 
yuiuvcoVj TZQog yaq zo dvsXTiiazov evdvg zQanofXEvoi zy yrc6iJ.y noXX^ 
udXXov TTQo'iEvzo oq}dg avrovg aai ovu dvTsr/^ov, xai ozi ezsQog d(p 
tztQOV 'O^EQandag dva7iif47zXdfi.svoi aGTzsQ zd nQO^aza e&vTjcj'AOv. 
aai TOP TzXsTazov qidoQOv zovzo ivsTioiei. 5. site yuQ fi7] -OeXoiEv 
dtdiozsg dXXriXoig TtQoaitvaif dnmXXvvzo EQrifxoi, kcc} olmai TioXXal 
ixEvco&rjaav dnoQia zov d^EQariEv-aovzog' sits nQOoioiEv, diEcpdEi- 
Qovzo, yiai fidXiGza ol dgsz-^g zi fiEzaTZOiovfiEvoi ' ah'/^vvrj ydg rj-qiEi- 
dovv G(pmv avzaVj iaiovzsg naqd (fiXovg, etzei "nai zdg oXoqjVQaEtg 
zmv dnoyiyvofA.ev(»v ZEXEvz^vrsg xat ol oixeToi i^tnafivov, vno rov 
noXXov y.ay.ov viKcofiEvoi. 6. em nXiov 8s oficog ol diansqiEvyozEg 
zov zs '&v)](jy.ovza i<al rov tiovov^jievov (^Kzit,ovzo dia z6 TiQOEiblvai 
ZE y.a\ avzol ijd?] iv rm -Oagc^aXtcp sJvai ' dig yaq rov avzov ojgzs 
y.al xzEivEiv ova InEXdn^avE. y.ai ifiayaQi^ovzo zs vno rav aXXcov^ 
y.ai avrol rqj naqaiQijiia nEQiiaQEi yai ig rov msira yQovov EXnidog 
zi eI^ov xovqjTjg fujd^ dv vtt dXXov voaijfxarog noze sri diaqjd^agtj- 
rai. 

LII. 'Ettiecs 5' avrovg fiaXXov, nqog rw vTidQ^ovri novoct, xai 
1] ^vyyofjidt] EH rav dynav ig ro dazv, xai ovy tjocov zovg iriEXdov- 
rag. 2. orAioav ydq ovy vTzagyovGOdv, dXX iv xaXv^aig nviyriQaTg 
a)Qn hovg diaizGy/xEvav 6 (f&oQog iyiyvEZO ovdEvi, aoaficp, dXXd xai 
vsyQol in dXXrjXoig dno&vriaaovzEg 'ixsivro, aal iv raig 68oig iaa- 
Xivdovvro Tiol tteqI rdg iiQi]vag dndaag 7]fuOvj]ZEg, rov vdarog ini- 
dv(JLia. 3. rd rs Iequ iv oig iani^vTjvzo vehqcov nXsa x^v, avrov iva- 
nod^vTjay-ovzmv v7iEQ^iat,oiAivov ydq rov xaxovj ol uvx^qcottoi ov'a 
EjovzEg o,rc yivcovzai, ig bXiycoQiav izqdnovzo xat Ieqojv xat oaicov 
vfioiojg. 4. vofwi zs ndvzsg avvsrxxQdyd^r^dav oig i^Qcovzo ttqotsqov 
jzeqI zdg rag)dg, sO^anrov ds cog saaarog idvvazo. aai ttoXXoi ig 
dvaiuyvvzovg dijy.ag irgdnovro, ondvEi rcov imzyidsicov 8ia zo 
cv^vovg TJdrj ngoTE&vdvai Oifiaiv' ini nvgdg yag dXXozgtag^ 
qi&agavzEg zovg vr^aavrag, ol fisv inid^ivzeg zov savrS^v vEyght 



LIB. it CAP. LIII. LIV. 93 

vcplJTiTOV, 01 ds Kaio^ivov aXkov avcodev im^aXovtsg ov cpSQOisf 
anijsaav. LIIL ttqcotov re rjQ^s xai eg zalla ty nolei im nliov 
avofiiag to voarnia. qccov yag stoXfta tig a tzqozsqov aTTS'AQvrtzsio 
fAT] y,aOr 7^8ovi]v noiuVf dy)(^iatQOcpov ji^v fiSta^oXr]v oQavTsg t^v z 
evdai(x6va)v xai aiqindicog -OvriGViovrtov ^acu zav ovdev tzqozeqov 
x8XTt]fitPcx)Vj evd^vg ds taxeivoov i'/^ovzav. 2. cqctts raxsiag tag 
ETiavQtasig nal TZQog to tsQTzvov ^^lovv Tzoieia&aij Icprnieqa td ts 
acofiaza aai tec ^qri^ata ofjiocoag rjyoviieroi. 3. 'aoI to fxtv 7tqo6- 
taXaiTZOjQEiv zo) do^avti xaX^ ovdslg 7ZQ6&vfA.og ^y, dd)]Xov vofii^cov 
£1 TiQiv in avto iX&sTp diaq)&aQijGEtai ' 6, ti ds ildrj ts Tjdh y.al 
Tzavtaxo&sv to ig avto nsgdaXeov, tovto nal naXbv xal ^qriainov 
yiaitatt]. 4. d^Eav ds (po^og rj dv&Qconcov vofiog ovbsig dnsiQySy to 
[isv yiQivovtsg iv ofioicp aac 6t'^jEiv y.ai firj ix tov ndvtag ogdv iv io(p 
dnoXXtfitvovg, toov ds df-iaQtrnxatoav ovdetg iXni^cov fitjQi tov dixr^v 
ysvia&ai ^lovg dv tijv tiiJKOQiav dviidovvaij tzoXv ds fisi^co ttjv ijdrj 
>tat£\p7jq}iaix8V7]v 6q)mv EnrAQefmaO/jvai, 7]v tzqiv sj-ittsgeTv slxog ehai 
tov ^lov tt dnoXavaai. 

LIV. Toiovzcp fisv ndd^si ol 'Ad^rivaXoi nsQinsaovtsg S7titt,ovzOy 
dvd^QcoTTcov ts svdov d^vijoAovtcov xai yrig s^co dyovi-isvtjg. 2. iv ds 
t(p y,ay,co, ola svAogy dr8fA£i]Gd7](jav xal tovde tov STZOvg, (pda'AOvtsg 
ol TiQsa^vzsQOi ndXai adsG&aij 

ij^si /JmQiaxog TzoXsfiog nai Xoifiog di2 avz^. 
3. iytvszo [xsv ovv eoig toTg dv&QcoTZoig fit] Xoifiov m'0^6&ai iv tcp 
sTZEi vTzo tcov TiaXaiwv, dXXd Xifiov, iviyrjas ds im tov naqovtog 
SLAotcog Xo(fiov EiQriG&ai * ol yaq dv^Qconoi nqog a sTzaG/ov trjv 
HVijixriv inoiovvzo. tjv ds ys olfiai note dXXog 7z6Xs{i,og aazaXd^rj 
/JooQMOi zovds vGZEQog nal ^vfi^ri ysviaduL Xi[x6v, xard to Eixog 
ovzmg aoovzai. 4. fiPTJi^irj ds iysvsto xai tov AaAsdaijAOvicov yQtj- 
azjjQiov totg sldoaiv, ozs insQcozmaiv avtoTg tov d^sov eI XQh ^oXs- 
fiEiv dvEiXs 'Aazd aqdzog 7zoXs{iovai vintjv sasa&aij xai avzog scpri 
^vXX7]xpEa&ai. 5. tieqi fisv ovv tov ^QTjotTjQiov td yiyvofAEva rixa'Cof 
bfioia sJvai ' ia^s^XT^'Aotcov ds tav IIsXoTiovvTjaicav rj voaog r/Q^ato 
Ev&vg. xttf ig fisv TiEXonovvriaov ova iarjX&sv, o,ti d^iov xal eItzeTv, 
insvEi^ato ds 'A&^vag fisv fidXiata, ETieita ds xat tcav dXXcov 
"^vtQicov td TzoXvav&QcoTZOtaTa. 6. tauza fisv td xatd tr^y voaof 
ysvofiEva. 



94 eorKTydiJOT ATrrpA^iis. 

LY. 01 ds ritXoTTOVVTjCJlOl STTEld^t] tTFflOV TO TTsdlOV, TZCiQtjXdOf 

is Ti]v TlciQaXov yTjv y,aXovfitn]v fitjQi yJavoiov, ov t« aQyvgeia 
fihaXld iaziv "udOTjvaioig. nal ttq^tov ^Iv hs^iov Tavrtjv ij nQog 
neXonowTjCfOV oqk, STisita ds Jijv nqog Ev^oidv ze y.ai ' Av^qov 
7ETQafJixtrt]v. 2. nEQixXrjg dt, 6rQaiJ]}'bg av 'auI jots, tisqi (xsv zov 
UTj BTze^itvai Tovg 'y^&rjvaiovg zijv aviijv pojfiTjv diEv, cogtzeq yiai 
iv ry TTQOTEQCi ia^oXi] ' LYI. eti d' avzojv iv rqj TZEdicp ovrcov, ttqiv 
ig T)]v TiaQaXiav yTjv iXd^Eiv, sxaiov vecov ETZLnXovv r?/ IlEXoTiovvrjacp 
naQEG'AEvd^Eto, x«) ETTEid)] Etoiiia T^v, dvTiyETO. 2. riys 5' ETii zmv 
I'Eoov OTzXizag Ad)]vai(X)v jETQaxiapXiovg xal innEag ZQiaxoaiovg 
iv "/aimv InnaycoyoXg ttq^tov tote eh jmv TiaXaiav rsav noujOEi- 
Gaig ' ^vvEGTQaTEvovTO ds y,al Xioi xai Aeg^ioi TiEVTri'AOvra. pavGiv. 
3. OTE ds dvtjyETO 7] (TtQaziu avzr] A&rivaioov, TlEXonovvijalovg 
y.azhXmov trig "AzziHrig orzag iv ry TzagaXia. 4. dcfiy>6iA.Evoi ds ig 
'EnidavQOv zyg TlEXonovvricov, szsfiov ztjg yljg Z7]v TToXXtjv, y,ai nQog 
Zf]v noXiv TTQoa^aXovzsg ig iXnida (xsv tjXO^ov zov eXeXv, ov fiivzoi 
TtQOS'/^aQijGE ys. 5. uvayayofAEvoi ds ix zrjg 'EnidavQov srsf^wv zijt 
CE TQOi^rjvtda yljv aai ti]v 'AXidda yai z)]v 'EQ^ior(da' sazi ds 
ndvza zavza iniOaXdjaia z7]g nEXoTTom^aov. 6. uQavTsg ds an 
avrcov d(fixovzo ig IlQacidg zijg AaymvrATjg, noXicfxa iTTi&aXdaaiop, 
xal z7jg zs yTjg szsfiov y.al avzo zb TzoXiGfia siXov y.ai iTioQdr^dav 
7. zovg ds nsXoTzovvt^aiovg ovhezi yaziXa^ov iv zij 'Azziny ovzag, 
dXX dvay.E'/coQTjHozag. 

LYII. Oaov ds yoovov ol zs IlEXonovvijaioi ijaav iv 7?/ yTj zrj 
'AOyvaioaVj yai at '^d^)]vaToi iazQdzEvov ini zmv vecjv, rj voaog sv 
ZE zy 6ZQazid zovg ^A^^vaiovg sqiO^siQE yai iv zy ttoXei, maze aal 
iXiy&t] zovg UEXonovvr^ciovg dsiaavzag zo voarifxa, cog invvOdvovzo 
zmv avzofioXmv ozi iv zij noXsi siq ycu -ddnzovzag afia yaddvovztry 
■Odaoov in zrjg ylqg i^EXd^slv. 2. zy ds ia^oXy zavzy tzXeTczov zi 
ynovoy EvtfiEivav aai zijv yHjv ndaav szEfiov ' I'lHtQag yaQ zsacraQd* 
y.ovza [idXiaza iv zy yrj zy 'Azzixy iyivovzo. 

LYIII. Tot) d' avzov OsQovg "Ayvmv 6 Nimov y,a\ K^-eotto^- 
nog 6 KXsiviov, ^vazQdzijyoi ovzsg TIsQiKXiovg, Xa^ovzsg zr^v azQa- 
ziav ynsQ ExsTvog s/Qijaazo, iazQdzsvuav Ev&vg ini XuXHidtag zug 
ent 0Qdxi]g nai Hozidaiav hi noXiOQXOvfxivtjVf dcpiHOfiEvoi ds fiy- 
^avdg ZE zy flozidain nQoaicfSQOv aai narzl ZQonqy insiQrTjvrc 



LIB. 11. CAP. LIX. LX. 95 

fXsif. 2. TTQOv^ojQSi ds avToTg ovts 7] aiQEGtg rTjg TzoXscag ovis 
zuXXa Tijg TzaQaansvijg a^icog' i7Ziy£V0[A.ivr] yuo ij voaog Ivzuv&a 
dij Tzdrv Inli-as rohg 'u40^)]vaiovgj (p\}EiQOvoa t}]v aTQaridv, (»at£ 
nai Tovg TTQOit'QOvg ajQCiTKotag voaTJaai rcov '^&7]vai(ov duo 7?js 
^vv Ayvoivi aiQaTidg, iv r^ tzqo rov XQO'i'^p vyiaivovtag. (DoQuioof 
ds aal ol i^ayioGioi aai illioi ovxhi ijoav neqi XaXmdtag. 3. 6 f4st 
ovv "Apcov jaig rava}v dvsx(^Q^(y£v eg idg 'A&ijvag, dno TSiQa- 
/.iG'/^ilicov OTzXirmv ^Ouovg y.ai nEvtriKOVTa 7y voaco dnoltaag h 
TEfsoaQdaovza iidhaza tjfitQaig ' ol ds ttqotsqoi aTQarmrai aaza 
X^oQav (levovzeg inoXwQxovv Trjv IIoTidaiav. 

LIX. Mezcc ds iTjv devTEQav ia^oXtjv zav IlEXoTZOvvTjaicov oi 
A&ijvaloiy cog ?/ re yjj avxmv itt'TfitjTO ro 8evzeqoVj xai, rj voaog 
Itzexeizo dfia y,al 6 noXs^ogy ^XXoiiovzo zdg yv(o(iag, 2. x«« zov fxsv 
TlEQiyJJa iv aizia eI/^ov, cog nsiaavza Gq}ug TzuXEfiEiVy xul 8i ' exeTvov 
zaig ^vixq)0QaTg TtEQinsnzco'AozEgy TZQog ds zovg /JaxEdaifioriovg 
^Qiurjvzo ^vyy^coQEiv' nal TTQsa^Eig rivag TZEf^ipavzEg mg avzovg 
dnqayaoi lyivovzo. navzaio&Ev zs zy yvcofirj anoQOi na&EGzmzEg 
IvE'AEivzo z(^ IIeqi'aXeT. 3. 6 ds oQcov avzovg TTQog zd TzaQovza 
lalEnaivovzag y,ai nd.vza noiovvzag ansQ avzog riXni^e, ^vX7.oyov 
not/jGagj etc ^ iazQaz^yEij i^ovXsto -Q-aQ^vvai ze y.ai UTzayayav zo 
OQyi^ofiEvov zTjg yvcofirjg nQog zo tinicozEQOv y.ui ddshzEQOv yaza- 
azjjaai. naneX-O-ojv ds eXe^e zoidds. 

LX. Kai 7TQ0odE)[0fXEV(p fxoi za zljg OQyljg vfzav ig e/as ysyEvt]- 
zai, aiad^dvoficu yuQ zdg aiziag, yai SAxXTjaiav zovzov EVExa hwij- 
yuyov, OTTcog v7T0fA.vi](jco y.ai fXEfxipopiai, si zi fitj oQ&oog // Efioi /«^£- 
TTcdvszEj 7] zaig ^vfxcfOQaTg eiasze. 2. iya ydg 7)yovfiai. noXiv tiXeico 
^vfinaaav oQ&ovfisvrjv cocfEXsTv zovg idicozag rj aaxf sxaazov zmv 
TzoXizojv EVTZQayovaaVj d&Qoav ds aipaXXofxtvTjv. 3. y.aXcjg ^iev ydg 
q}EQ6fiEvog dvTjQ 70 yax^ savzov diaqjd^EiQouEVT^g zjjg nazQidog ovdlv v 
7iaaov ^vvaTioXXvzai, yanozvxoov ds iv Evzv'iovari noXXcp fidXXov •'C 
diaaw^Ezai. 4. otzots ovv TzoXig [a.ev rag Idiag ^vfK^ogdg oia zs 
q)EQEiVj sig ds Exaazog zdg ixsivT^g ddvvazog, nmg ov y^Qij ndvzag 
afxvvEiv avzijy aac fuj o vvv vusTg dgdzSy zaig yaz oJhov ya'AOTiga- 
yiaig EH7TE7TX7]yfib'voi zov y.oivov zijg acozTjgiag dcpisa&s, y,ai ifis z& 
zov nagcaviaavza 7ZoXe[a,eTv yai vjxdg avzovg, ol ^vvt'yvcozE, di^ cdn'ag 
tyi^EZE. 5. y.aizoijiuol zowvzm drdgl ogyi^eod^Elog ovdEvog oioi-iat 



96 QOTKTdlAOT nirrrPA^iTis. 

iiaacov eJvai yv^vm re la dsovza nai eQfir^vsmai ravta, q.0.67zoXig 
,Tf xojf yo)]fiaTcov 'AQEiaacov. 6. o ts yuQ yvovg 'Aai fitj aaqiag didd- 
^ag iv i'aco y.cH tl fit] iieO^vfi/'Ot] ' o z tyojv daq]6z£Qa, zij 8s ttoXei 
dvarovg, ovv, av bu-oixog zi olxEiag qQcc^oi' TiQooovzog da 'aul zovdSj 
'IQtjUaGi dt vrAoofitvoVf za ^vfinavzcc zovtov hog av ncoXoizo^ 
7. rocrr ei fA.01. xal ftiacog 7]yovfiEvoi fiallov szeqcov TTQOceTvai avza 
TioXsfxeiv i7zeia-&r]ZE, ovy, av aixozcog vvv rov ys adinsTv alziav (feqoi- 
firjv. LXI. y.al yciQ otg [a.sv aigsaig ysyEvrjzai zulXcc evzt^ovai, 
fzoXXt] avoia noXejiijaai' ei 5' avayxaiov tjv ij Ei^avzag EvOvg zoTg 
niXag vnav.ovcai tj 'AivbvvEvaavrag TzsgiyEVEa&aiy 6 qjvyojv zov aiv- 
dvrov Tov VTZoazdrzog fiEftnzozEQog. 2. y.ai. Eym fxev 6 avzog eljii 
nai ovy, i^iazauai' vfiEig ds fieza^aXXsZE, STiEidtj ^vvE^tj v/iiv ttei- 
aO^rjvai filv dyeQaioig, fiEzafitXEiv ds yaxovfiEvoig, aai zov ejwv Xo- 
yov iv TO) vfxEze'Qcp da&evEi zijg yv(6fj.7]g fiij oq&ov qiaivEaOaij diozi 
zo fAtv XvTTOvv E^Ei 7]8]] z)]v ai(j&7]aiv iydazo), zrig ds coqisXEiag anS' 
aziv hi 7] di'jXcoaig dnaci, y.ai fxEza^oX-ijg fiEydXrjgj aal tavzrig i^ 
oXiyov, ifi7T£aov67jg zanEivi] vfiav ?/ didvoia iyaaQZEQEiv a tyvcazs. 
3. dovXoi yciQ (fQovijfxa zo aicpvidiov yai d7Tooc86yi]zov y.ai zo tiXei- 
6tcp TiaoaXoycp ^vf/^aTvov' a vfuv TiQog zolg aXXoig ov/^ ?]y.iGza 
Kcci yaza zijv vooov yEytvtjzai. 4. oficog ds noXiv fisydX/jv oly.ovv- 
zag, yai h r^d-Eoiv dvzindXoig avzy zE&Qa[4fiErovg, XQsoiv ««« ^vfi- 
CfOQaXg zaTg /.lEyiazaig i&EXEtv vcfiozaaOui, y.ai zijv d^ixaaiv fit] 
dcfavi^EiV Iv Tijq) yaQ ol av&Qco7ioi diyaiovGi z7]g zs vTzagyovar^g 
d6^r]g alziaa^ai oazig fxaXaxia eXXeiuei xai z7]g fi7] 7rQoar]'AQvai]g 
fiKJEiv zov ■&QaGvzrizi oQsyofiEvov d7iaXyi]aavzug 8s zd i8ia zov 
yoivov zTJg ocozr^Qiag dvziXafA^dvEa&ai. LXII. zov 8s novov zov 
v.aza zov noXEfioVy fu] ytv7]zai ze TioXhg yal ov8ev fidXXov TZEQiys- 
rcofiE&a, aQy.EizG} fxEV vfiiv nal iyEiva, ir o'lg dXXozs TzoXXdxig ys 8)] 
dns^Ei^a ovy, oQ&ag avzov vtzotzzevoue^ov, 8r]Xoj(jo 8s xal z68e, o 
fioi 8oxeTzs ovz avzoi tkotioze Ev&vfiil0^7]vai, vndnyov vfiXv, fieye- 
■&ovg TTtQi ig Z7]v dgyjiv ovz iyoj iv zoTg tzqIv Xoyoig' ov8^ dv fvv 
lyQT]6dfir^v xofiTTCodEaztQav 'iyovzi zt]v 7ZQ067Z0ir]{SiVf ei fir] xazans' 
nXr]yfiEvovg Vfidg Ttagd zo sixog icoQcov. 2. oisaOs fASv yaQ zcZv 
^vfitidycov fiovov aQysiVy iym 8s aTzoqiaUa) 8vo fiEomv zcov ig yQ}]aiv 
q;ar£Qmv, yt]g xal -O^aXdcai^gy zov itiqov vfiug navrog xvQicozdzovg 
vvzag, iqj oaov ze vvv vifiEaOe xal yv inl jiXiov ^ovXr]di]ZE' xal ovx 



yz^yz''- ^'U^ V' ^ 



u 



LIB. II. CAP. LXIII. LXIV. 97 

ttjziv oatig ry vTzaQ^ovari Tragacy^svy tov vavtMov nXlovrag vfiag 
ovTS ^aailevg y.coXvoei, ovzs alXo ovdev tdvog tcijv iv to5 Tiaqovzi. 
3. coarfi ov xata zrjv rooy oiaimv 'Aai Ji^g yrig ^oEiay, cov fieydXcov 
vofii^ezs iazegrjad^ai, avzTj rj dvvafiig cpaivszar ovd^ dxog ic(.7,enmg 
f^sQEiv avzmvy fiallov // ov xr^Ttiov y.ai iy}iaV.c67nGfA.a nXovzov nqog 
zavzfjv vofiiaavzeg oliycoQriaai, x«« yvcovai iXevd'eQiav ^«V, ^v avti- 
kafi^avof^Evoi avztjg diaaojacoixsVj Qadicog ravza avaXi]xpo[isv7]Vj 
viXXmv 5' vTraxovaaui nal ta Tzgoaeyizr^^tva qiiXeiv iXccaaov6&ai, 
zav IS rzarsQcov [i?] ^eiQOvg xaz aiAcpozeqa (favrjvaij ol jiszcc novayp 
aai, ov naq aXXcov de^dfievoi xazsa^ov za yal nqoatzi diaacoaavzsg 
fzaQtdoaav rmiv avzd, aicfiov 8s t'j^ovzccg d(fatQS&7]vai '^ y.z(0[itvovg 
dzvyriaaij itvai ds toTg i/^&goTg ofioae fo] cpQOvrjfiazi fiovoVy dXXk 
y.aL aazaqjQovrifiari. 4. avyrj^io. fisv yccQ xal dno dfxa&iag Evzv)^ovg 
y,ai dsiXqi tivi iyyiyvstai, 'AazacpQovriGig ds og av xai yvcofiri niazEvrji 
zmv Evavtimv nQOBjEiVj o ij^iv vnaQiei. 5. aai zijv zcXfxav ano zjjg 
ofiolag TV'mg r; ^vvsaig ix zov vnsQCfiQovog i)[VQ(o7tQav naQtjEzai, 
iXnidi 78 jjaaov niazEVEi, r^g iv toj duogcp ^ lox^'Sy yvoofiri ds dno 
rav v7zaQi6vr(oVy r^g ^s^aioztQcc t] nqovoia. LXIII. z7ig rs noXscog 
vfidg Ei'Aog z^ ziftmixsvcip dno zov dg'/Eiv, consQ anavzsg dydXXsG&Sj 
^07]&eTv, nal fiT] cpEvysiv zovg novovg ?} fitjds zdg ztfidg diwxsiv' ^r^ds 
vofiityai nsQi hog fiovovj dovXsiag dvz iXEvdEQiag, dycovi^Ecixjaif 
dXXd y>ai dg'/^TJg czEQi^aecog xal mvdvvov mv Iv zy «(>Xff dnriy^&ECsOs. 

2. ijg old' i>iaz7]vai izi i'lxiv taziv, ei zig yai zods iv zoj nagovzi 
dedicog dnQayfA-oavvri dvdgayad'i^Ezai' mg zvqavvida ydq r^dt] syzz^ 
avzi'iVj ijv Xa^Eiv fjisv ddmov doxsT eJvaif dqisXvai ds inmivdwov. 

3. zdyiaz av zs noXiv ol zoiovioi izigovg zs nsioavzEg dnoXiasiaVj 
ya\ EL nov ini aqjcov avzwv avzorofioi oi>ti](7Eiav' zo yaQ unQayjiov 
ov Gcitszai 111] fiEza zov dQaazrjQiov zszayfiivov, ovds iv aQ^ovori 
noXsi ^vfxqjeoEi, dX)^ iv vnrjxoqf, daqjaXmg dovXavEiv. LXIY. vfisTg 
ds fi^zs vno zav zot^vds noXizcov naQaysads fi^zE ifis di^ oQy^g 
tyszEy 0) nai avzol ^vvdiiyprnzs noXsfiEiv, si y.a) insX&ovzEg ol ivav- 
zioi 'idqaaav k~itQ Einog }]v fiij i&sXriadvzdav viioov vna>tovEiv, iniyE- 
yivrizai zs niqa cov nQOGEds)[();j.^-&a rj vocog Tjde, nQay^a fiorov dq 
zav ndvzoov iXnidog y.QEiGCJov ysyEvrjuivov. yal di* avzyv o?5' ozv 
'MQog zi fidXXov szi fUGOvixai ov dinaimg, €t firj aai ozav naqd Xoyov 
u el nQdh'izR iixol dvaO^GSz?. 2. qis'Qsiv zs '/d7j zd zs daiuovta 

5 



98 QOTKTAIAOT STFrPA^HS. 

avayy,aiG)S rd re dno tqov Tzolsfiicov ardQSicog ' ravta yaq iv s&&i 
zrids 7^ ttoIei tiqoteqov re 7jv vvv te fit/ iv vfiip 'AcoXvd'^. 3. -yvmzs 
ds byofxa f^tjiazov aviiiv i/^ovaap iv naaiv av&QcoTzoig dia ro raig 
^viJ,qoQaTg ii)j ErAEiv,nXEiGza ds acofiaza y,ai novovg avalcoxevai 
TToXtfiO), y.ai dvrtJtfiiv [j.£yiOiT]v d)] ^sjgi zovds HEyat]fj,EV7jVj ^g ig aidiov 
joig iniyifvofiEvoig, r^v aai vvv VTZEvdafit'v notE, ndvtcL yciQ 7iEq)vx8 
xai i'kaGOova&aiy fxv^fii] KarakEXEixpEtaij 'EXh]V(av ts an "ED.rivEg 
nKEicrmv dt] i]Q^a[iEv, >iai Tzolifioig ixEyiaroig avtiaionEV nqog is 
^vfiTTavtag xat naO^ ExaGtovg, nokiv te zoig naaiv EVTiOQcordTTjf 
xai [/,Eyiati]v comjaafisv. 4. ^aitoi ravza 6 [xev aTTQciyfimv [Atfi- 
\paiz' av, 6 ds dqdv zi §ovX6fiEvog not avzog ^ijXaaEi ' d di zig f^ij 
y.EKZijzai, (jid^ovriaEi. 5. zo ds fiiasTa&at x«f XvTZTjQOvg elvai iv zm 
naqovzL ndoi {xsv vtttJq^s 8f] ocoi ezeqol izegcav 7/^i(X)aav uq^eiv ' 
oazig 5' ETZi fisyiazoig zo inicpi^ovov Xa/A^dvEi, oQ&ag ^ovXEVszai. 
fjiiaog fih yccQ ovx ini noXv dvziiEi, tj ds 7iaQavziy.a zs XafinQoztjg 
KOI ig zo ETTEiza du^a dsifivrjcyzog xazaXEiTTEzai. 6. viisTg ds sg zs 
zo fiiXXov y.aXov TtQoyvovzEg, sg zs zo avzixa itij alayQov ro) ?)5/; 
jTQoOvficp dfiq)ozEQa, yatjGaa&Sy xai udaxsdatfiorioig fi/jzs ini'AriQv- 
HEvsa&Sy fA.}]zs Evdr^Xot 'iazs zoig naqovai novoig ^aQwofisvoi, cog 
olzivsg TTQog zdg ^vixqjOQag yvcofiy fxlv t^xiGza XvTzovvrai, 'igyq-t ds 
udXiffza dvzijovaiv, ovzoi aai, noXscov y,ai idicoz^v ngdziffzoi shiv. 
LXV. Toiavza 6 nsQixXfjg Xtycov inEiQaro zovg 'A&T]vaiovg 
iTqg zs in avzov oQyijg naQaXvEiVy xa« dno zmv naQorzcov dsivcov 
dndysiv z?]v yvafiijv. 2. ol ds drifxoaia fisv zoTg Xoyoig dvEnsi- 
&0VZ0, yal ovzs nqog zovg ytaKsdaiftoviovg hi 'insfAnov, ig zs zov 
ncXefj-ov [laXXov aQfXTjvzo, Idia ds zoig nad^^^aaiv iXvnovvzo, 6 ^ev 
drifiog ozi an iXaoGovow oQficofisvog egzeqtjzo yai zovzcov, ol ds 
dvvazol ^aXd nzi^fxaza yazd ztjv '/^coqav oixodofxiaig zs nal noXvzE- 
Xtai yazaaasvaig dnoXooXExozsg, zo ds fisyiGzov, noXsuov dvz eiq^- 
i")]g E'lovzsg. 3. oh fiivzoi ngozsQOv ys ol ^vixnavzEg inavaavzo iv 
ooyrj 'iyiovzEg avzov nqiv i^Tj^icaaav y^Qr^iaGiv. 4. vazsQOv 5' avOig 
ov noXXm, onsQ qjiXsi ofxiXog noisTv, ozqazriyov slXovzo y.a\ ndvza 
zd ngdyiiaza inizQEipav, ojv fxsv nsQi zd oixsTa snaazog TJlyst, 
du^XvzEQOi ijdri ovzsg, av ds rj ^vfinaaa noXig nQOGEdslzOy nXshzov 
dt^iov voiii^ovzEg shai. 5. ogqv zs ydq ^Qovov nQOvszri zlqg noXscoi; 
h tJ EiQ7]V'(i, fiEZQicog i'^tjysTzQ kuI dacpaX^g diEq,vXa^Ey avztlv, x«i 



LIB. n CAP. LXV. ' 99 

lyivBTO in ixsivov fiEyicFtr] ' Inu re o Tiolsixog xar«OTJ/, 6 ds qjaivsA 
tai KOI iv rovrq) nqoyvovg tijv dvvafiiv. 6. STre^ico ds dvo eitj y,at 
^r^vag f^* 'Aai btzeiO/j an&uaveVj zni tzKeov eti EyvooGirt] ij nQovoia 
ai'Tov i) fg t^ov nolEfiov. 7. 6 fiev yag r^avxd^ovidg te x«f to 
vavjcahv d^EQanEvovtag ^ai aq'/riv firj Eni'AZOiixEvovg sv 7^5 TToXsfxcci 
(U]dE TXt tzoXei aivdvvEvovtag Eq)i] nEQiicEa&ai' ot ds ravzd zs ndvza 
ig TovvavTiov sTZQa^av xal aXXcc e^co tov ttoXeiiov boaovvta Eivatf 
nata rag Idiag qjiXoriniag yat. i8ia ns'gdr], nanmg kg zs acpdg avzovg 
xal zovg ^vfifid'/^ovg ETiolizEvaav, a ^azoQ&ovfiEva fisv zoTg Idicozaig 
ztjiri y.ai mcpilsia ^alXov rjVj GcpaXivza ds r^ ttoXei ig zov TToXefxov 
§Xd^rj xad^iazazo. 8. aiiiov 5' riv bzi ixEivog fisv dvvazog 'av r(p ^ 
T« d^icofxazi x«t zy yvcofiij, y^qruxdzcav zs diag)avoog ddcoQozazog 
yEvoixEvog, v-aZEXys zo nXrj&og iXEv&sqcogj y.ai ovx ^yszo ficiXXov vtz 
avzov 7] avzog rjy£, dice zo fi7] yizwfXEVog i^ oh ttqoctjxovzojv zrjp 
dvvafiiv TiQog 7]8ov)]v zi Xiysiv, dXX' e)^mv in d^iaaEi nai rrgbg 
ogy^v zi dvzEiTZEiv. 9. otzozb yovv aia&oizo zi avzovg Tzaga xaigbv 
v^gei ^agaovvzag^ Xtyoov aaztnXjjaaEV ini zo (j>o^Ei6&aij itai dsdio- 
zag av eLX6y(ysg dvTiaa&iazTj ndXiv ini zb ^agasTv. iyiyvEzo zs 
Xoycp fxsv drifwy.gazia, 'igycp ds vnb zov 7tg(6zov dvdgbg dgirf. 
10. 01 ds varsgov laoi avzoi [xaXXov ngog dXXriXovg opzsg, aai ogs- 
yofiEvor zov ngmzog Exa^zog yiyvsaO^ai, izgdnovzo xctO"' ijdovag zca 
d^[i(p ycai za ngdyfjiaza ivdidovai. 11. i^ cov dXXa zs TzoXXd, cog iv 
fisydXi] tioXei xai dgyijv i^ovai^y ijfiagz^&r] aai 6 ig JEixEXiav nXov^y 
og ov zoao'vzov yvc6fx?]g df4,dgz7]fia ijv ngbg ovg imjEaav^ baov ol 
ixTze'fiipavzEg ov zd Tigoacpoga zoig oi)^Ofisvotg imyiyvcoaxovzEg, dXXd 
xazd zag idiag dia^oXag nsgi zrjg zov di/fiov ngoazaaiagy zd zs iv 
rrp azgazoTzidqt dfi^Xvzsga iTZOiovVj aai zd Tzsgl zi]v noXiv ngazov 
iv dXXjjXoig izagdid"riaav. 12. acfaXivzsg 3' iv ^ImsXin dXXri zs 
Tzagaayisvri xai zov vavzixov zo) tzXeIovi fxogicp, nal nazd ztjv noXiv 
I'ldri iv azdasi ovzsg, ofxcog zgia fisv sz)] dvzEr/^ov zoig zs ngozsgof 
vndg'lovGi noXsfiioig, aai zoig dnb 2JrAsXiag fxsz avzav :ial zav 
tvfifidyav 'izi zoTg nXsLoaiv dcpsazTjaoGi, Kvgqi zs vazsgov ^aatXioog 
naidi Ttgoaysvofiivcp, og TzageTy^s yg/jiuaza nsXoTZOvvjjaioig ig zo 
vavzinov 'Aai ov ngozsgov ividoaav, rj avzol iv aqjiai aazd zds 
'•Biag diaqiogdg TisgmEo ovzsg iaqtdX^aav. zoaovzov z^ TlEQinXsi 



100 ooTKTJiJor srrrPA0ii2:. 

tnEQiaaevoE tots, acp cov avtog fiQoeyvco aai, ndvv av gndicog TieQt 
yevt'a&ai lav Il£Xo7Tovr7]ai(ov avzcov rco TioXtficp. 

LXYl. 01 ds ^ay.eduifionoi y.ai ol ^vfifia^oi zov aviov -O^egovi 
larqaTEvaav vavalv sxaTov ig Zdxvv&ov ziiv vl]60v, j] xeiiat avTi-> 
jiziqag "IDudog ' eiai ds ^Afjca^v iwv in HaXoTzovvq^ov utioi'aol xai 
/4&r]vaioig ^vvEfidyovv. 2. EnmXeov ds ylanedaifxoricov x^Xio\ 
hnXTzai 'Aoi Knjfiog ^^naQTidrrig vavag'/^og. dno^dvieg ds eg tijf 
pjv idijmaav ta noXXd. na\ insidij ov ^vv£)^03QovVy dnmXsvGav In 
o'lxov. 

LXVII. Kai 70V avtov -d^sgovg TsXsvTavTog ^AqiaTevg Koqiv- 
'diog iicu Aay.sdaifiovicov TTQso^eig, ^AvriQiarog xat NixoXaog aal 
ZtQarodtifjiog xa) Tsyedirjg Ti/jiayoQag y.ai ^Aqyeiog Idia TloXXig^ 
TTOQSvofJLSvoi Ig 711V 'Aoiav (og ^aaiXsa, ei ncog Tzsiaaiav avtov xqij- 
fjia7d 78 TzaQ^isiv yai ^viiTZoXefisiVf dqjiy.vovvtai cog ^uaXxr^v nQm- 
70V 70V TriQEoa ig Oqkxt^v, ^ovXoiisvoi nsiaal 7e aviov, ei dvraivzOf 
fie7aa7di>7a 77Jg 'A&tjvaioov ^vfiixaiiag atgatEvaai inl 77jv Tlotf- 
daiav, ov Tiv OTQazevfia rcay 'A&rivaicov ttoXioqkovVj xai tjtteq 
aQfi)]VTO, 5t* ixEirov TTOQEv&ijvai nsQav 70v 'EXXijanovTOv cog fl^ag- 
vd'Aijv 70V (liaQva^dt,0Vj og avrovg eheXXev cog ^aaiXt'a dvani^ipEiv 
2. TTaQaTv^ovTEg ds 'Adrivaicav TZQEG^sig Atag^og KaXXi/xcc/^ov nal 
*AnEividdrjg (piXrjfjiovog naga 7^ 2^i7dXnrj nei&ovoi 70v ^ddoaov 
70V ysyEvriiiEvov 'A&tjvaToVj JEitdXy.ov vlov, 70vg avdgag Eyj^Eigiaai 
GcpiaiVj hncog [.ij] dia^dv7Eg cog ^aaiXsa 7Jiv exeivov noXiv to fit'gog 
^Xdxpcoaiv. 3. 6 ds 7i£ia&Eig TzogsvoiAbvovg aviovg dia 77]g Ogdx)jg 
BTzl 70 nXolov 0) e^ieXXov 70V 'EXXriaTTOVxov TZEgaicoasiVy ngh' E6§ai- 
vEiv, ^vXXdfi^dvEiy dXXovg ^vfiTZE^xpag fiSTcc 7ov Asdnxov y.ai Afisi-- 
viddov, xa« exeXevgev ixEivoig nagadovvai ' ol ds Xa§6v7Eg ixofxiaap 
ig 7ug *A\^/jvag. 4. dcpixofiivcov ds avzwv, dEiaav7£g ol 'Ad^rivuioi 
70V ^u4gia7ia, ^rj av&ig cq)ug ezi tzXeico xaxovgyri diacpvycov, ozi 
xal ngo zovzojv zd 7ijg Tlozidaiag y,ai 760V im OgrcArjg ndvz 
iq)aivE70 ngd^ag, uygizovg nal ^ovXofit'vovg 'iaziv a EiTZsTvy av&ijfiE' 
gov ani'AZEivav ndvzagy koi ig cpdgayyag ias^aXov, diyaiovvzEg zoXg 
avzoig dfivvEC&ai olanEg y.ai ol Aaxsdaifiovioi vTzijg^aVy 70vg (fi- 
nogovg ovg 'iXaj^ov ^A&r^vaicov xal zwy ^vfifidyiciiv iv oXxdcn nsgi 
nEXoTTOVvrjaov nXtovzag d;T0'A7Eivav7£g, aal ig cpdgayyag ia^aXov- 
zsg. ndvzag yug d}j xaz dg^^dg zov rzoXiiiov ol AaxEdaiiioviot 



LIB. II. CAP. Ii XVII L DXJX. %<)\ 

oaovg kd^oiev iv ry d-aXdaari, cog noXefiiovg di8cp\}siQ0v, aai zovg 
usta ^Ad^rivaioiv i,v^7toXe}XovvTag y.a\ xovg ^iri^s fted' stsqcov. 

LXVIII. Kara ds rovg aviovg XQOvovg, rov dsQOvg rslevrmv- 
fogy xa« 'AfATTQayuojiai, avroi re xal tav ^an^aQcov noXlovg dva- 
GTriaavzeg, iaTQcizevaav m ''AQyog to 'AiiquXo'iimv xai ttjv uXXtjp 
Afiq)iXo)^iav. 2. ex^Q^ ^* Trgog rovg 'AQysiovg dnh 70v8s avzoTg 
yq'^aTO ttqootov yEviaOai. 3. "Aqyog to ^Af^qjiXoxi'/^ov xai 'Aficpi- 
Xoxiav TTjv aXXtjv 8y.7i6S, {leia jvl Tgooixa oiaads dvaxcoQijoag aai 
om aQsaxof^Evog zy iv '^Agysi 'AazaGzdaei 'AfiqiiXoxog 6 ^Aiiqiid- 
Q8(o iv z^ ^AiA.7iQaxix^ noXncpj ofimvvf^ov zrj iavzov TtazQidi Agyog 
ovofidaag, 4. aal l]v rj noXig avzi] {AsyiGzt] ztjg ''A^cpiXoxictgy xat 
rovg dwazcozdzovg eIxev olxtjzoQag, 5. vtio ^v[xq)OQmv Ss TToXXaTg 
ysvsaig vazsgov TZis^ofisvoij ^AfiTiQaxicozag ofioQOvg ovzag zy 'Afi- 
q)iXoxiity ^vvoixovg ETiTjydyovzo, yial iXXtivia&r^aav zijv vvv yXco<soav 
zozs TTQmzov dno zojv 'Afrngaxixozav ^vvoiKt^advimv ' at ds dXXoi 
'AficpiXoxoi ^dg^aQOi daiv. 6. in^dXXovaiv ovv zovg 'Agyeiovg oi 
A.iiTTga'M^zai XQOt'cp y>cu avzol laxovai zi]v noXiv. 7 . ol 5' 'Afiqii- 
Xoxoif ysvofjiivov zovzovj dtdoaaiv savzovg Axagvdai,y>ai. ngoanaga- 
auXiaavTsg dficpozsgoi 'A&rjvaiovgj ol avzoTg (I^OQf^ioavd zs azga- 
Z7]ybv 87T6fi\pav xal vavg zgidy,ovza. dqnno^irov ds zov (Dogfuoj- 
pog algovai Kazcc ygdzog "Agyog koi. zovg 'AfXTigaxicozag Tjvdga- 
nodiaavj notvy zs wy>rjaav avzo 'Afiq^iXoxoi xctt 'Axagvdvsg. 
8. [xeza de zovzo i] ^vfiftaxia iytvszo Tzgojzov 'A&i]vaioig nai 
^Ayagvdaiv. 9. oi ds ^u4ii7igay.imzai zijv fxsv 'ixO^gccv ig zovg 
*Agysiovg aTib zov dvdganodia[xov aq)6jv avzojv ngazov inoi'qaavzOj 
vczsgov ds iv z^ TzoXtjicp zrjrds zijv azqazsiav noiovvzai avzav Z8 
i<ac Xaovmv xal dXXcov zivoov zoov TzXricioyagcov ^ag^dgcov ' iX&ov- 
zsg zs Tigog zo '^Agyog zrjg filv ^oogag ixgdzovVy z?jv ds noXiv cog 
ova idvvavzo sXslv ngoa^aXovzsgj dnsxcogyaav in oixov >iai disXv- 
'&rjGav xaza B&rr]. zoaavzcc fisv iv zw d^tgsi iyivszo. 

LXIX. Tov 5' iniyiyvofiirov x^'H-^'^og 'A&T^vaTot vavg kazsi- 
Xav siAoat {asv Tisgl UeXoTzowtjaov not (PogfAicova azgazijyov, og 
6gfimfA.8vog ix Navndyzov qvXayJijv sJys fxrjz ixnXsTv in Kogivd^ov 
Kcu zov Kgiaaiov xoXnov firidiva ^atiz iaTiXsTv, iregag 5' t^ snt 
Kagiag xou Avxiag xal MsXrjaavdgov azgazrjyov, oncog zavza Z8 
agyvgoXoy^Gif xal zo Xr^azixov zav IhXonovvrialcov fii] imaiy oivro* 



^ 



d^sv oQiiwfxevov p^dnjHv tov ttXovv rav oXuddmv rmv uno 0aai^).i 
dog y.at fl^oirixtjg y.ai Ji]g eaei&ev TjTTEi'qov. 2. aroc^ug ds aiqaiia 
u4&rfVai(ov 78 Tcor dizo rcoy rs^v xai zav ^Vfifidymv 4' ^//y Avy.iav 
6 MtltiaavdQog aTiod^r/juy.aij y.al tjjg czQaridg fitQog rt disqii^EiQS 
fiHtj&stg fidj^i]. 

LXX. Tov d avrov x^ificovog ol JJoribaidiai Ineib)] ovkeh 
idvvavro 7Zo)joQy.ovf4.eroi dvztjeiv, «P.A.' ai re eg tijv ' ATtiKi]v io^o- 
XaL UeXonovv^aimv ovbsv [laXXov dnavlazaaav rovg ' A&T]vaiovg 
zs aizog iTzeleXoinetf y.al dXXa rs noXXk £7Z£ysytr7]zo avto&i ij8ij 
^QcoGsmg TzeQt dvayxaiag xai zivsg hiu dXX/jXcov lytyevvzOy ovzco di] 
Xoyovg TrQoaqJqovai tzsqi ^vfi^dasoag roTg azQazrjyoig tcov ^ Adi]- 
raioov rolg iizi acpiai TEzayiiiroig, ^sroqimvti t£ tm EvqittiSov y.al 
^aziodaQcp zo) ^ AQiazo-AXelbov nal 0avofid](^cp rep KaXXiud^ov. 
2. ol ds TTQonsdt^avzo, OQOJvzeg fili> rt^g uzQazidg Trjv zaXaiTZooQiav 
Ev x&iQioj 'jrEifiSQivcpf dvaXcoy.viag zs ijdrj rr^g TioXsmg Siax^Xia rdXav 
ta ig Tijv noXiOQ'Aiav. 3. ml roTada ovv ^vvt^rjaavy i^eX&sTv ah- 
Tovg xai Tzaidag xai yvraTnag aal rovg ETzixovQOvg ^hv irl ifjiazicp, 
yvvai'Aag ds ^vv dvoTv, y.ai aQyiQiov ri QrjTov tyovzag iq:6diov. 
4. aai 01 fXEv vTToaTTordoi i^tjX&ov eth T/;r XaXy.idr/.rjv xal Exaatog 
Tj idvvazo ' '/4&tjvaToi ds zovg ze azQazjiyoig ETTrjzidaavTO ozi drsv 
avza)v^vvf'^i](jaVj ivofii^ov yccQ dvxQazjjaai zJjg TzoXscogTi i^ovXovzOy 
aai vazEQOv Enoixovg savzav ETZEfixpav sg zip Uozidaiav xal xazm- 
xiaav. 5. zavza fisp iv zm x^ifj.avt Eysiszo ' xal zo 8evzeqov szog 
izsXEvza TQ} noXE^qp zcpds ov Oovxv8idt]g ^vvEygaxps. 

LXXI. Tov 5' miyiyvouEvov ^EQOvg ol naXo^zovv/jaioi y.al oi 
^vfi(ia'/^oi eg [isv zi]v 'Azzixijv ovx iat'^aXov, EGzqdzsvaav 8' inl 
nXdzaiaV fiysizo ds 'AQyJdafiog 6 Zsv^iddfiov udaxEdai^ortcov 
^aaiXsvg. xai xax^iaag zov azQazov sfiEXXs drjaaEiv zijv yTjv' ol ds 
nXaTaifjg sv&vg TZQEG^Eig TZE^xpavzsg nqog avzov aXsyov zoidde. 
2. 'Ag'/^idufiE xai Aay.Edaifionoij ov dixaia ttoieTze ovd^ d^ia outs 
i'ficov ovzs nazEQOiv cov egze, ig yrp z}]v nXazaiwv aznazavoviEg. 
Tlavaavtag yag 6 KXeo^^qozov, AaxEdatfionogy iXEv&EQmtjag rz/y 
^EXXdda dno zwv M/jdcop fZE^d 'EXXi^vgjv zav s&sXriodvzoav ^vrd- 
Qaadai tov xivdvvov zrjg fidy7]g ^ nag tjfiiv iysvezOf &v6ag eV zr^ 
TD.azaimv dyoQa /in eXev&eqico isQd, xal ^vyxaXtaag ndvzag zovg 
l^vuudxovgj dnsdidov TLXazaisvai yJjv xal noXiv zijv acfSZEqav E)^oym 



LIB. 11. CAP. LXXII. LXXIII. 103 

tac avTovofiovg oiHsTVf aTQarevaaL re fjtijSJva tzots adUcog In 
avtivg fir^d^ inl dovXsia' ft ds [iij, dfxvvaLV zovg naqovzag ^vfifia* 
^ovg y.aza ^vvaixiv. 3. idds (xsv rjiuv nathqeg ol vfxsTSQOi tdoGav 
aQETrjg trexa nal 7TQod^v[A.iag Tjjg iv iaeivoig loXg i<ivdvvoig yEpOfit- 
vrjg, v/xaTg dJ zdvavzia dQaze' fierd ydg Orj^aicov Tear '^fuv ix^i- 
6TC0V 6711 8ovXeia zy fjfxezsQn ijxsze. 4. {xdqzvQag ds '&Eovg zovg 
ze oQniovg zote yavofievovg noiovfJiEPOi aai zovg vfiszeQovg nazQc^ovg 
aai TjfieztQOvg iyimqiovgy Ityofxsv vfuv zrjv yriv Z7]v IlXazauda [irj 
ddixeiv [ir]ds naQa^aiveiv zovg 'Squovg, idv ds olxsTv avzovofiovg 
yiaO^aTZEQ Ilavaaviag idixaicocEv. LXXII. zodavza eItiovzcov 
nXazaiojv '^Q^idafiog vnola^oyv eItie' JUaia XiysTE, co ardgsg 
nXazaitjg, 7]v noitjzE o^oTa zoTg Xoyoig. 'Ka&dnEQ ydq Ilavaaviag 
vfiTv TTaQedooxEVj avzol ze avzovofiEi(j&£, ytal zovg dXXovg ^vveXev- 
■&EQ0VZE oGoij [lEzaGyovTEg zoov TOTE nivdvpcov, vfiiv ZE ^vvc6iA.oaav 
ytai Eiui vvv vti 'A&?jvaioig, TragaaxEvi] ze zoa^ds nal TZoXE^iog ys- 
yEVTjzai avzav ivEna Ka\ zoov dXXcov iXEVxysQcoaEcog. ijg (/.dXiaza [xsv 
fiEzaaxovzEg xat avzol ifXfiEivazE zoTg OQnoig ' ei ds [4,ij, cctzeq xal zo 
TZQOZEQOv tj8:j TTQOvyiaXEGdfxE&a, ijGviiciv dyszE vEii6(jiEvoi zd vf^ezEQa 
avzmVy aal eoze fX7]ds f^E&^ izeQcaVj dijeaOs ds djzqjOztQOvg qilXovg, 
inl noXtfiq-f ds fojd' szsQOvg. 2. xat zdds rj^Tv aQXtasi. 6 fisv 'Aq- 
^idafiog zoaavza eJttev ' ol ds ID,azaimv nQsa^sig daovaavzEg zav- 
za, icijXOov ig zijv noXiVf aal z^ TiXijd^Ei zd Qtjd-tvza aoivcoaavzEgy 
dnEXQivavzo avzm, ozi ddvvaza aqjiaiv sirj noisTv d TZQoy.aXsT'tai 
dvEv ^A&r]vaicov ' naldsg ydg acpmv 'Aa\ yvraixsg naq ixsivoig siq- 
aav • dsdievai ds 7tai nsqi ziq Tzdcy tzoXei, fij] iyMrcov dno^coQiiadv- 
zojv A'&J]vaToi iXd^ovzsg Gq)iuiv ovx ETZizQtTZOjaiv, ?] Qrj^aToi, cog 
tfOQyoL ovzsg itazd zb dfxqjozsQOvg dtjEG&ai, av&ig 6q)mv zi]v noXiv 
nEiQdacoai nazaXa^eTv. 3. 6 ds d^aqavvcov avzovg Tzqog zavza 8q)r], 
'TfisTg ds noXiv fisv y.a\ oixiag tjjxlv Tzaqadozs zoTg Aaxsdaifioviofg, 
xal yrjg OQOvg dnodsi^azSy aal dsvdQa dqid^fioi zd vf4,8ZEQa, xa] uXXo 
El zi dfvazov ig dgid^fAov iX&EiV avzol ds lASza^^coQijaaze onoi 
^ovXEuds, Ecog dv 6 noXEfiog ^. msiddv ds TzaQsXOri, aTTodmeonsv 
Vfi.'iv a dv 7iaQaXd§a3f4.£v. f^s](^Qi ds zovds e^o/xev TzaQaxazad^jjxrjVy 
igyal^ofiEvoi xal qioqdv q^^sQOvzEg ?/ dv vjiiTv fisXXri ixavt] 'iasaOai. 
LXXIII. ol 5' dxovaavzsg ia7jX&ov av&ig ig zrjv tioXiv, y.al ^ov- 
XsvaduEvoi (AEzd zov TiXij&ovg iXs^av on §ovXovzai d TTQOxaXeizai 



104 eOTKTJiJOT ATrrPA0H2. 

^A&rivamg 'AOivaaai ttq^tovj xal fjv Tiei&mafv avzovg, tioieI'v rxv- 
la' fitXQi 8s TOVTOv C7i£iaaa&ai oq)iGiv iaelevov xal tJ]v ytjp fir} 
d^ovv. 6 ds ijfiigag ts iaTzsiaato iv aig elxog i]v aof^iaOijvai xal ti]v 
yljv oix sTSfivEv. 2. iX&ovTEg ds ot THaiairig. nQsa^sig cog zovg 
^Ad^rivaiovg y.ai §ovXsvadfiEi>oi net avzwv TzdXiv ij)Mov dnayysk- 
XovTsg roig sv rri noXsi Toidde ' 3. Ovi iv t4> tzqo zov xqovoi^, co 
ardgsg TlXaTCiujgy «g/ oif ^vfii,ia)^oi sysvofxsd^a ^A&iivaioi q^aaiv Iv 
ovdevi rjfidg nQ0E6&ai ddrAOVj-isvovgy ovzs vvv mqioxpsod-ai, ^orj&^- 
6EIV ds xaru dvvafiiv. iniayirintoval te vfAiVy nqog 7wv OQ'/.(xiv 
ovg 01 naxEQEg coficoaav, fir^dsv vecoteqi^eiv tieql zfjv ^vf^tfia/^iav. 
LXXIV. Toiavza rav tzqeg^ecov dTzayyEiXdvzcov ot nXaraiTJg 
i^ovlEvaayzo ^A&ijvaiovg fit] TiQodidovai, dlX dvsyja&at ncd y7jv 
ZEfivofiEvtjv, El dsl, OQmvtag 'Aou dXXo ndaiovtag o, zi dv ^vfi^aivri' 
i^sX&Eiv ZE fiTjdsva hi, dXX dno zov zsijovg aTTOXQivaa&ai ozi 
ddvvaza aqjiai noiEiv iaziv a AaxEdaiixovioi nQOxaXovvzai. 2. cjg 
ds aTiEXQivavzo, evzev&ev dr] ttq^zov fisv ig sm^aQZVQiav aai &ewv 
Xttf tjQcocov zav iy^^coQioDv 'AQ)^idafiog 6 ^aaiXsvg Haiiuz?], Xsycov 
wds. 3. Qeoi oooi yHjv zf]v TlXazaiida e^ezs y.ai riQcosg, ^vviazoQEg 
sazE ozi ovzs zijv dQxh'^ ddixmgy inXmovzcav z^vds ttqozeqov zo 
^vvmfiozoVj im ylqv z^rds jjXOo^iEVy iv y oi nazEQsg ijfiav sv^dixsvoi 
vfiiv M/jdoav ixgdzTjcav, xal naQE^iszE avzrjv EVf-isvij ivayouriana&at 
zoTg EXXtjciv, ovie vvv, ijv zi tzoiojuev, ddta^aofiEv ' TigoxaXsadfiEvoi 
yuQ jioXXd xat sixoza oh zvyxdvojiEv. ^vyyvt^fiovsg ds sars zijg fiev 
ddiaiag y.oXd^sad^ai zoTg vndQiovai TTQorsQOig, Z7jg ds zifio^Qiag 
zvyy^dvEiv zoig ini(fEQ0vai vofiifimg. LXXV. zoaavza Eni&Eidaag 
xa&iazr] ig tioXeijiov zov azgazov, xai nqcozov fisv TiEQisazavQcoasv 
avzovg zoig dsvdQEaiv a sAOxpav, zov fAr^dsva tzi ihsvaiy 'insiza 
jfco^a E-y^ovv TTQog zijv noXiVy iXni^ovzEg zayjati]v aigsaiv sasa&ai 
avzcov czQazEVfiaTog zoaovzov igya^OfiEvov. 2. ^vXa nsv ovv zsfA- 
vovzsg in zov Ki^aiQmvog TzaQavAodofjiovv sxaTEQCodsv, qiOQ^r^dov 
dvzl zoiycov ziO^EVTEg, oTzcog ^rj diaysoizo im noXv zo yafia,' ecpo- 
Qovv ds vXrjv ig avzo. xai Xi&ovg xal y7jv xai si zi uX7.o uvvzeiv 
fitXXoi iTTi^aXXofXEvov. 3. rmiqag ds syovv kpdoiir]xorza xai rvy.zag 
'Bvvsyagf dirjQTjfAEvoi xaz dvaTzavXag, aazs zovg fisv qsQEiv zovg dt 
VTTvov ZE xai. cizov aiQEia&ai ' AaxEdaifioviav zs ot ^svayoi sxuazi]g 
noXscog ^vvsqiEazmzEg ijvdyxaZov ig zb tqyov. 4. ot ds nXaz<xirjg 



LIB. IL CAP. LXXVL LXXVII. 105 

PQmvtsg TO x^^ia aiqoiisvoVj ^vlivov rsT/^og ^vvdtvTsg aai Emar^- 
aavTeg tq) savrcov Tsi/^st. y TZQoasxovto, laopKodoy-ovv ig avzo nXlv- 
&ovg in Tmv tyyvg oiKiav xad^aiQOvvzsg. 5. ^m'dsGfiog 5' r^v avtoig 
xa ^vla^ rov fir] vxpi]Xov yiyTOfiSfOv aad^Sfeg ehai to oiHod6fir]fia' 
y.ai TZQOKalvixiiara er/^e dsQQSig nal diifd^tQccg, ojgts rovg SQya^ofis- 
vovg aal tec ^vXa [x^zs nvqqjoQOig olatoig ^dXXeaO^ai iv aaqiaXaia 
re ehai. 6. (iqeto ds to vxpog tov TSi^ovg fitya^ y.ai to x^iia oh 
GiolairsQov avtaryei avr^. xai ot TIXaTaitjg Toiovds ti imvoomi' 
dielovTsg tov TEi)(^ovg y ttqocetzittts to x^f^^ iaecfoqovv t^v ylqv, 
LXXYI. 01 dl IleXoTTovvrjaioi aiad^oiievoi iv raqaoig xaXcifiov 
7Tt]X6v EVEiXXovreg iat^aXXov ig to dirjQt]fiEvov, OTZoag fir] diaxEOfiEvov 
aariEQ rj yfj cpoooiTO. 2. oi ds Tavzi^ aTTOxXyopiEvoi tovto [xev ini- 
G^oVy vn6vo\iov d' ix TTJg noXEoag ogv^avTsg aal ^vnE/i[i7]QcifiEvoi 
vno TO ;f ca//a vcpEiXxov av&ig naqk acpag tov i^vv ' xai iXdv&avov 
im TToXv Tovg e^co, coct ini^dXXovTag r^aaov avvtsiv vnayo^ivov 
avTOig y,dTca&Ev tov i^iiarog xal t^dvovTog dai im to nEvovfAEvovr 
3. dsdioTsg ds [zr] ovd^ ovtco dvvmvTai oXiyoi nqog noXXovg iLVTE^EiVy 
TTQOUETiE^EVQOv Tods ' TO fjLEV fisya oixod6fX7]fia, ETzavoavTO EQyal^OflE- 

VOl TO HaTCC TO X^F^i EV&EV ds HOI EVd^EV aVTOV dg^dfiEVOt, dno TOV 

^Qa^Eog TEi^ovg ix tov ivTog [A.7]voEidsg ig Ttjv noXiv nQoaopxodo^ovv, 
onmg el to fiiya TsT^og dXiaxoiTO, tovt dvTEjpiy xai dsoi Tovg ivav- 
Tiovg av&ig TZQog avzb yovv, xai nqofj^qovvTag eigco dmXdoiov t8 
TTOvov E^Eiv xcu iv dfiqjfSoXcp fxdXXov yiyvEGO^ai. 4. ofia ds tij x^- 
asi nai firi^avag TZQoarjyov Ty tzoXei ol TlEXoTtovvipioi^ [xiav fitv^ ij 
tov fisydXov or/.odo^TJfiaTog nard to x^iia nQoaayd-Eiaa^ im fisya 
TS KaTEGEiaE xot Tovg nXazaiEag iq)6§t]aEv, dXXag 8s dXXri tov tel- 
\ovg, dg ^Qoyovg ts nsQi^dXXovzEg dv.sxXcov ol UXaTai^gy xat doHovg 
ueydXag dqiriGavTEg aXvasai {xaxQaig aidriQaig dno TTJg To^rig ixa- 
TEQooO^EV, dno y.EQaimv dvo imxExXifxevoov xai vnEQTEivovucov vnsQ 
TOV TEiyovg, dvsXxvaavTEg iyxagaiag, onots TTQoanEOETa&ai tzt] {jleX- 
Xoi Tj fi^x^^Vi dqjiEGctv Tr]v doxov x^^^f^Q^^'^ '^(^^'s dXvasai xai ov dia 
•(EiQog ExovTsg' tj ds QVfiy iiininrovaa dnsxavXi^s to ngot'xov Tiqg 
ifi^oXrjg. 

LXXVII. Msza ds Tovzo ol IlEXonovvTjaioi, mg at te ^irjxavai 
ovdsv mcfiXovv xai tco x^f^ciTi to dvTiTEixi(y(jia iylyvETO, vofiiaavzEg 
stnoQOV Eivai dno toov TZaQorrcov dsivrnv iXeiv tjiv noXiv, nqog Ttif 



106 eoTKTJiJor ^rrrPAiiii^. 

nsQirdiimv TragsffXEvd^ovzo. 2. ttqoteqov ds ttvqi fdo^ev avroU 
TT&Qaaai, tt dvvaivio, TzvsvfittTog yspofitvov, iTzixpXs^ai ttjv nokiv 
ovaav ov iieydXr^v ' nucav yuQ di] Ideav snevoovv, ei ncog GCfiaif 
dvEv daTzdvrjg Koi TiohoQxiag TZQoaai&dri. 3. q>OQOvvzEg dl vlr^g 
cfctyMJkovg naQf^aXlov dno zov ^cofxazog ig zb fieza^v ttqwzov toi 
rsi^ovg y.al ZTJg nQOCj^f^aecogj ray^v 8s nlriQovg yEvofit'vov dia nolv- 
XEiQiav, ETtinaQEv^oav xac zrjg dXXrjg noXEcog oaov idvvavzo duo 

zov flEZECOQOV 7zXeI(S70V ETllGIElVf 4. E^^uXoVZEg ds TIVQ ^VV -d^Eifp 

xal niaa'q i^jpav rriv vXjjv. nal lyivEto (pXo^ Toaavzt] oarjv ovdEig 
no3 tg yE eaeivov top ^qovov )rEiQ07zoit]zov EldEv ' 7^dr] yaQ iv oqegiv 
vXrj zQiqs&Eiaa vn dvin^av TiQog avz^v dno tavzof^dzov nvQ xai 
qiXoya art avzov dvjjxE. 5. zovzo ds fisya ze i^v xai zovg TlXazai- 
sag zdXXa biacpvyovtag iXa'/^iazov idstjas diaq)&EiQai' ivzog yaQ 
TToXXov icoQiov zrig noXscog ovx i]v TiEXdaai, nrevfid ze ei inEysvEzo 
avz^ ETiiqiOQOVj otzeq xai r^Xm^ov oi ivavzioiy ovx av disqwyov. 
6. Tvv ds xal rods Xsyszai ^vfi§7Jvai, vdcoQ e^ ovgavov noXv xcd 
^Qovzdg ysvofitvag c^taai z;/y q]X6y(x, xai ovtco TTav&rfvai zov xiv- 
dvrov. 

LXXVIII. 01 ds IlEXoTTOVVtjfflOl ETlEldr] XOl ZOVZOV dn^fJiaQZOV, 

fiEQog fiEp 71 xazaXtTiorzEg zov azgazoTttdov, [zo 8s Xomov dq)EvzEg^ 
TTEQiEXEixi^ov zi]v TToXiv xvxXo^y 8iEX6fiEvoi xazd TToXsig zo I^QIOV' 
zdqjQog 8s ivzog ze ijv xai e^co&ev i^ ^g snXiv&Evaavzo. 2. xa] iTisiSf] 
ndv i^EigyaazOj tzeqi aQxzovgov snizoXdg, xazaXmovzEg qjvXaxag 
zov Tjfiiasog zEi)^ovg, zo 8s ijfiiGv Boicozoi scfvXaaaoVy dvExcoQijaav 
T^ azQaz^ xal SiEXv&rjaav xazd noXsig. 3. FlXazai^g 8s 7ial8ag 
ulv xou yvvcuxagf xal zovg nQsa^vzdzovg ze xal TzXtj&og zo dygsiov 
zav dv&QaTzmv jtqozeqov ExxExofjuafisvoi ijaav ig zdg 'AOrivag, 
avzol 5' inoXioQxovvzo iyxazaXEXstfifiEvoi ZEZQaxoaioi, Ad^T]vaixov 
8s oySorjxovzay yvvaixsg 8e 8sxa xal sxarov aizonoioi. 4. zoaovzoi 
ijcrav ol ^vfiTiavzEg oze ig ztjv noXiOQxiav xadiazavzo, xal dXXog 
ovSslg i]v iv tq5 zeix^i ovzs 8ovXog ovzs iXsv&EQog. zoiavzt] fisv ^ 
TD^azatoJv TioXiogxia xazE6xEvda&rj. 

LXXIX. Tov 5* avzov -digovgy xal ana zrj zwv UXazaiojr 
iniazQazEin, 'Ad^rjvaToi 8i(5Xi7Joig bnXizaig savzav xai iTzrzsvai 
Oiuxoaioig iazgdzsvaav ini XaXxidsag zovg ini Ognxr^g xai Boz- 
wiaiovg dxiid^ovzog zov aizov ' iazgaz^ysi 8s ^evofpoJv 6 Evqi7ii8ov 



LIB. 11. CAP. LXXX. 107 

tqltog avTog. iX&ovTeg ds vno JEnaQxcKiXov iiiv BozTmjv rot 
aitov ditqjd^eiQUv, idov.Ei ds xal 7iQ06)^03Qrjaeiv rj TzoXig vno tivcov 
sv8o&Ev TZQUGaovTcov. 2. 7TQ0G7t8f4,xpdv7O}v ds tg "OXvv&ov 7mv ov 
ravra ^ovXof^evcov bnXizai tb r^Xd^ov >:ai atQaricc ig qivlaariv * ^g 
iTie^eX&ovafjg ix T?jg ^^TiaQtaXov ig iidi^v Kad^iaravrai ol 'Ad^tj- 
vaioi n(Jog aviy zy TZoXei. 3. yicd ol fxev onXizai ziav XaXyudtcov 
nal ETzrAOVQoi ziveg fXEx avzmv nxavzai vno zav '^d^rjvaicovj xal 
avaxcoQovaiv ig zrjv ^TzaQZcolov ' ol ds iTtTzijg z^v Xalyudimv xal 
\piloi pixwai zovg zmv 'A&Tjvaimv Inniag y,ai ipilovg, 4. si^ov 
ds zivag ov noXXovg nslzaazag in ziqg Kgovaidog yrjg aaXovfiivijg, 
aqzi ds ztjg f^d^^g ysyevi]fiivTjg iTzi^orjOovaiv alXoi neXzaazai ix ZTJg 
'OXvv&ov. 5. nai ol i-A zjjg 2^naQzcoXov \pi7.ol ag tidov, ■Qaqari- 
aavzeg zoig zs nQoaytyvofievoig xccl ozi ttqozeqov ov)[ rjaamvzOf 
imzi&evzai av&ig fiezcc zav XaXyjditov Innimv nai zoav nQoa^or}- 
'&7]advzoov totg 'y4d^yvaioig ' ytai dva)^(OQovai TTQog zdg 8vo zd^stg 
ag aazeXiTZOv naga zoTg GxsvocpoQoig. 6. 'aoI otzoze (a-sv inioiev ol 
L4&T]vaioiy ivsdidoGav, d7Z0)(^(OQ0V6i 8s ivixsivzo not iaTjKovzi^ov. 
ol zs Innrig zmv XaXM8icov TTQoamnsvovzsg, rj 8oxot TZQoai^aXXov^ 
Tiai 0V1 Tiniaza q}0^fiaavzsgf szQSxpav zovg 'y^&r^vaiovg, xal insdica- 
l^av irii tzoXv. 7. y,ai ol fisv *^&r]vai0L ig ttjv TIozi8aiav >iazaq)SV' 
yovGi, aai vgtsqov zovg vsy.QOvg vnoa7i6v8ovg yo^iadfisvoi, ig zag 
'u4&rivag dvaY^coQOvai z^ nsQiovzi zov azQazov' dniO^avov 8s avimv 
TQidxovza yai zszQa-AoaioL y.ai ol GZQazrjyoi ndvzsg. ol 8s XaXxi- 
87ig 'Acu ol BozziaToi ZQonalov zs sanjaav, y.ai zovg vexQovg zovg 
avzojv dvsXofispoi 8tsXv&ri(jav Kazd noXsig. 

LXXX. Tov 5' avzov '&iQovgj ov tioXXco vgzsqov zovzmr, 
AfinQayimzai xai Xdovsg^ ^ovXofisvoi "AyaQvaviav ndaav aaza- 
szQ8\paa&ai y.ai '^&j]vaicov dTzoaztjaai, nsL&ovai Aays8aiuovLovg 
vavTVAOv zs TzaQaaysvdaaa&ai ix zrjg ^vfA^cip8og, aai bnXizag 
X'Xiovg nifxipai ig 'AxaQvaviav, Xiyovzsg oz/, r^v vaval xal Tis^m 
aua ftszd aq;6ov sXd^co6iVf dSvvdzcov ovzcov ^vfi^OTj&sTv zmv dno 
OaXdaarjg ^AxaQvdvcoVy Qa8ioog dv 'y^xaQvariav Q'fovzsg, xal zrjg 
Z<jCHvvd^ov nal KscpaXXrjviag xQciz^Govai, xal 6 TiSQinXovg ovxszi 
sooiz:> 'Ad^rivaioig ofxoiog tzsqI ThXonovvriaov ' iXm8a 5' sJvai 
y.ai NavTiaxiov Xa^eiv. 2. ol 8s AaKs8aiu,6vioi nsia&ivzsg Kvtj- 
uov iiivy vavaQY^ov szi ovza, y.ai zovg onXizag im vavalr oXiycug 



108 oorjcrjjjor ATrrPA^iis. 

sv&vg nsfiTTOvaij t^ da vavtr^i^ TTSQujyyEtXav nctQaanevaa af4.br cp c6^ 
idxtata TzXtTv ig Aevadda. 3. riaav ds KoqIv&ioi ^vfiTTQO&vfiOVfier 
vol fAciXiata roTg '.AnnQaHKoraig dizoiHOig ovai. xat to iisv vavtt 
Kov £x T£ KoQivx^ov 'Aol ^ixvoovog noi tcov javtrj ^(OQioiv iv nccQa- 
(jy>evy r^Vj to 5' in Aevxddog xcu 'Avuhtoqiov xat 'AfiTrgamag 
TiQOTEQOv dgjixof^srov iv Asvyddi TzsQiifXEve. 4. Kv7jfiog da >iai ol 
HEX avzov iiXioi onXtiai insidt] inEQam&riacf.vXa^ov'teg (liOQ^iicara, 
hg i]0'/iE tbiv Eixoai vEmv tmv ^Atri'Aav cu tzeqI Navna'Azov iqiqov- 
QovVj Ev&vg TzaQECXEvd^ovzo rj]v y.ard yr^v GrgaTEiav. 5. y,ai avxca 
naolqaav 'EXXr^roav fiEv ^AfinQammxai xai ylEvxddioi not ^AvaxTO- 
Qioif xal ovg avTog k'^oov tjX&E pXioi IJEXoTZOwtjaicoVj ^ccQ^aQoi ds 
XdovEg ^iXioi d^aaiXEvzoif cov liyovrro id ETr^cFicp TTQoazaGicc in 
jov dQ)^ixov yivovg ^fcoivog xal NixdvcoQ. iaiQazEvovro ds fiEia 
X.a6i!Cov xou 0£a7TD(OTol d^aaiXEVToi. 6. MoXoaaovg ds ijys xai 
Azivrdvag 2Ja^vXiv&ogj iniTQonog av Qdqvnog zov ^aaiXtcogf en 
naidbg ovxog, Y,a) TIaQavaiovg " Oqoibog ^aaiXEvg cay. 'OQEdzai ds 
XiXioi, cov i^auiXEVEv 'Avzioyo?, fiEza JlaQavaicov ^vvegzqutevovtc 
'OQOidcp 'Avzioyov E7iizQE\pavzog. 7. ETZEfxipE ds xcu IlEQdixxug 
y.QVQpa zmv 'A&r^vauov ^iXiovg MuHEdovcov, ot vazeqav riX&ov. 
8. zovzo^ T^ azgaz^ inoQEVEzo KvTjfiog, ov TZEQifiEivag zo dno 
KoQiv&ov vavzi'AOV 'A(u dta zijg 'AqyEiag iopzsg Aifivaiav ymfifjv 
dzEi)(^iazov inoQ&i'iaav. dqiixvovvzai ze im. ^^zgdzov, noXiv fiEyi- 
Gzrjv zt^g ^AxuQvaviag, voixl^ovzeg, eI zavzriv ttqcoztjv Xu^oieVj Qudicog 

dp GCflGL ZuXXa 7TQOGX(OQ^GEIV. 

LXXXI. ^AxaQvdvsg ds, aiGOofAEvoi xazd ze yrjv 7ZoXX)]v 
GZQUzidv iG^E^XrjxviaVj ex ze d^aXdGGTjg vavGiv afAa zovg noXEfiiovg 
rzuQEGOfJiivovg, ovze ^vrE^o/^O^ovv iqivXaGGOv ze zee avz^v txaGzoij 
Tzaqd ZE fDoQfiicova tTiEfiTZOv xtXEvovzEg d[4.vvE(v' 6 da ddvrazog f'qr?/ 
eh'ai vavzixov ix Koqivx}ov liiXXovzog ixriXElv Navuaxzov iQf'jiuir 
dnoXmEiv. 2. ol ds IIeXotzovv/jgioi xcu ot ^vfi{za)^oij zqiol ziXt] tzoi- 
ijGavzEg agpoof avzmv, i'/^mgovv ngog zijv zmv JSzQazicov noXiv, OTzcag 

iyyvg GZQaZOTTEdEVGaflEVOl, El fli] XoyCp TZEl&OlEVf EQyqt TTEIQCpVZO zov. 

TEi/ovg. 3. xai fiEGOv ixEV tyovzEg ngoGijEGav Xdoveg xai ol uXXoi 
Sdg^agoiy ix dE^idg d avzav AEvxddioi xai ^Avaxzogioi xai oi 
UE7U zovzojVf iv dgiGZEQu 8s KvTjfiog xai ol IIeXotiovv/jGioi xai 
AangaxiQozai' diET^ov ds tzoXv art dXXr}.oi}v xai egziv ote ohda 



LIB. II. CAP. LXXXII. LXXXIII. 109 

tcoQmvzo. 4. 'Aal ol ftsv EXXrjvsg rsTayfisvoi re nQOC'^saav not diot 
qivXay.rjs iy^ovreg, twg iatQaiOTztdevaavro iv ETZiTTjdeico ' ot ds Xdoveg, 
aqjiui 18 avToTg TZiaTEvovzsgj aai d^iovfi.evoi vno loov ixuivij tjtteiqco- 
lav {laii^mtaroi eivaif ovz Iniaiov to atQatoTzsdov xaTaXa^sTv, 
XooQrjaarit'g te QVfiri fiEict fmv aXkmv ^aq^aQcoVj ivoftiaav avzo^oEi 
(Iv TTjv noXiv sXeTv, xai avzmv to tQyov yEvtad^ai. 5. yvovreg 8* 
iivtovg ol ^tQanoi hi nQoaiovtag Kai rjyt^adfiEvoi, fiEfiova)[A.tvcov 
(I xQat^aeiar, om dv hi aqjiai jovg EXXTjvag ofioioyg nQoaEX&EXf, 
TTQoXoyi^ovat id TiEQi tt]v TZoXiv ivtdQaig, nai ETZSidt] iyyvg tjaar, ex 
TS Tijg TzoXsayg ofioas loiQriaavtEg xa« eh zav ivsdQav nQoaninTOVGi. 
6. yioi Eg cpc^ov HazaGTavtcov diaq^&siQOvtai re noXXoi rav Xao- 
v(0Vy xa« ot dXXoi ^dq^aqoi cog eT,8ov avtovg ivdovrag, ovxhi vtzs- 
ueivavj dXX ig qivytjv nazEGzijijav. 7. zoov ds 'EXXijnxav azQaro- 
Tztdcov ovdhsQov ^a&ezo zijg iidpigy did to tioXv ttqoeXOeiv avzovg 
y,al OTQaTOTZEdov oir^&r^vai xaTaX^xpOfxe'vovg ETTEiyEa&ai. 8. etzeI 
88 ivexeivTO (pevyoviEg ot ^aQ^agoi, dveXdfi^avov te avtovg nai 
^vvayayovTEg Ta OTQatoTZEda rjavyal^ov avzov Ttjv 7]fiE'Qav, ig ^E^Qag 
fxlv ova iovTcov ooflai t^v 2^TQajLcov 8id to iirinco Tovg dXXovg 
^aaqvdvag ^vfi^E^07]{)^7]xErai, anod^Ev Ss G(pEv8ov(6vTcav itai ig 
dnoQiav y^ad^iatavzoav ' ' ov yaQ tjv dvEv otiXoov mvrjd^ijvat. Soxovai 
8' 01 'u4xaQvdvEg aqdziaioi eJvai tovto tzoieTv. LXXXII^ inei- 
8t] 8s 'Pv^ iyivETOy dva]^<0Qi]6ag 6 Kvri^og Ty atgaTid y.UTa td^og 
ETzl TOP "Avanov noza^ov, hg dnifsi aia8iovg oydo^xovza ^zqdzoVf 
TOvg TE fEXQOvg HOfiL^ETUi Tg vczsQaio. v7toGnov8ovgy aat Oinadav 
l^v{i7TaQayEvoiiEV(ov aazd qiiXiav dvaxcoQcT naq aviovg ttqIv zijv 
^vf-t^oi^Otiav iXdeiv. xdHSiOsv in oihov dnrjX&ov Exaaroi. ot 88 
^TQazioi ZQonaiov sarrjaav zrjg fidy^g Tljg TZQog TOvg ^aQ^dqovg 

LXXXIII. To 5' in Trig KoQiv&ov y.ai Tmv dXXcov ^vfx(id](^03v 
zav ix Tov Kgiuaiov xoXnov vavTixov^ o e8ei TiaQayEvio&ai Tcp 
Kv/jjicp, oTTcog ixrj ^vfi^OTj&ojaiv ot dno '&aXd6atjg dvm AxaQvdvsg^ 
ov naqayiyvEzaij dXX Tjiayyidadriaav jteqI zdg avzdg 7]^EQag zijg ep 
Sigdzcp fJidyrig vaviiairiaai nqog ^^OQfiiojva xai zdg sixoat vavg 
zav 'A&ijvaiojv cu icfqovqovv iv Navndxzca. 2. 6 ydq ^OQixian 
naganXEovzag avzovg £|ca zov xoXttov izrjqei, ^ovXofiSvog iv zy sif 
qv^Giqia iTZi&Ead^ai. 3. ot 8s KoqivOioi xac ot ^vfXfiaxoi 'inXsof 
•JLEV ovx t»? «^< vavfiaxiavj dXXd azqazicoziKcozEqov naqsaxEvaafii- 



110 eoTKrJiJor AxrrPAfbHs. 

901 eg 77jif *A}iaQvaviaVf xa? ovx av oiofisroi TiQog stztcc y.Ui rsaaa 
gd'AOPza ravg tag acfer^Qag toI^i^gcu zovg 'A&tivalovg ei'-Aoat zaig 
eavTcop vavnailoLV noti^oaa&ai' Ineidq fi^zoi avtmaQanXbovzug 
re amQwv avtovg^ Ttaqk ytjv Gq)mv xofii^ofiEro}!'^ koI in TlaTQmv zijg 
^Af^diag TZQog ttjv avrintqag ^tteiqov dia^aXXovrcov im "Anaqva- 
viag^ y.aTEidov rovg 'A&rjvaiovg ano trig Xa7.xidog xul tov Ev/jvov 
TioTUfiov nQoanliovzag aqjici, xat ovx s)m&ov rvxtog icpoQuiadfis- 
vol J ovt(o 8r] dvayadl^ovTai vavfiax^Tv xaza jusaov tov noQdfiov. 

4. aiQarriyoi ds rjaav fisv yicu xaTu TZoXeig sxdcjt'wv o* naQSuasvd^ 
t.ovro, KoQiv&LCov ds Ma^dcav aal '/.Goy.QdTTjg xat 'Ayad^aQii8ag. 

5. ^ai 01 iiBv T1e7,0710vvti6ioi ird^avTO hvhXov tmv Tsmv cog fiiyiarov 
oioi T r^aav fir] didovtsg diexriXovv, rag nQooqag fxsv e^ay, eiao) ds 
rag TTQVfivag, xai rd rs XsTzrd nloia a. ^vvsnXu ivrog noiovvrai xceJ 
TZEvrs vavg rag dqicra nleovaagy oTZcog ixnXsoiEV did ^ga^Eog na- 
oayiyvofiEvoi, si nrj nqooninroiEv oi ivavzioi. L XXXIV. oi 5* 
^A&rivaXoi Tiara fiiav vavv rerayiiivoi nEQiinlEov avrovg amXco xal 
^vvrjyov ig oXiyoVy iv /(icp dsi naQanXiovrsg y.ai doyrjaiv TTaQbjovreg 
avzina E/j^aXEiV tjqoeiqviZO 5' ahzoTg vno (PoQfiimvog fxtj ETzr/^EiQeip 
TiQiv av avzog GrjfAijvri. 2. ijXni^s ydq avrmv oh fj-EvsTv rijv rd^iv, 
wGrteg iv /^ Tis^rjv, dXXd ^vfiTieaEiG&ai TiQog dXXriXag rag vavg x«t 
rd TzXoTa raga/^rjv Tzagi^Eiv, ei r ixTivEvaai in rov xoXnov ro nvEVfia, 
OTZSQ dvafAEvcov rs tteqietzXei itai eicoO^ei yiyvEU&ai im rj]v e(o, ovdiva 
yqovov riav^dasiv avrovg ' nai rijv iniyEiQijGiv i(^ savzq) rs ivofii^EV 
Eivai, bnozav ^ovXj]raiy rmv vEOiv dfASivov TrXeovGcoVy na) roze xaXXi- 
Gzr^v yiyvEC&ai. 3. ag ds ro rs nvEVfia nazijei y.ai at vT/sg iv oXiyco 
ildi] ovaai vn dfiCfOZEQcov, rov rs dvifiov rav rs tzXoicov, dfAa nqoa- 
y.EifiEvcov iraQacraovzOf nai vavg rs viji nQOGETzmrs Ha\ roTg aovroig 
hco&ovvro, ^ori rs )^Qc6fiEvoi nai TZQog dXXr^^ovg dvziq)vXaxi] rs yal 
loidonta, ovdsv yanqyovov ovzs rcSv TiaQayyeXXofit'voJVj ovzs rmv 
HsXevazav, yai rag yajzag ddvvazoi ovzsg iv yXvdoovup draqiSQEiv 
dv&Qmnoi dnsiQoi, roig xv^EQvrjraig aTzsi&sarsQag rag vavg TtaqEt- 
lovy roze di] Kara rov nai^ov rovzov cruiaivsi, xa« ol 'A&rjvaioi 
nQoaTieaovzsg ttqcdtov fisv yazadvovai roov GZQarrjyidcov vemv ftiav, 
^Tzsira ds yal ndaag rj i^QiiGEiav diiqj&siQOv, yal yarsarrjaav ig 
dXy.rjv fiEv fit]d£va rQinsad^ai avzmv vno rrjg raqaxf/gy (fsvysiv d^ sg 
Tldrqag xat JvfiTjv r^ig ^A^aiag. 4. ot ds 'AO^tivaioi x«r«5/«Ja»- 



LIB. 11. CAP. LXXXV. LXXXVI. HI 

g^t; xai vavg dcodena Xa^ovreg zovg ze avdQag e^ avtap zovg tiXu- 
aiovg avsXofieroi ig MoXv-aqeiov antTiXeov, aai TQonaiov czriaavTeg 
m\ tcp 'Piq> aal ravv dvaO^tvTeg tqi Uoottdavi ave^MqriGav fg 
NcivnaY.TOV. 5, naQtTiltvaav 8s iioi ol ritloTTOvvriaioi ev&vg tali 
TTBQiloinoig xmv vemv I'/, zijg /Ivfxrjg nat HazQcav ig KvXXrjvrjv to 
'HXeicov ETJivEiov' xcu OLTTO ^Evxadog Kvijfxog nal al ixEid^Ev v7]tg, 
ag edsi tavraig ^vi^fii^ai, acpmvovvzai ^etdc Trjv iv ^Jiqccto} fid'/^tp 
ig Tiiv KvXXijvrjv. 

LXXXV. Il8f47Z0V(j(, ds xai ol ^axEdaif^onoi z(p Kvr^ficp |t>p 
8ovXovg ini rag vavg Tifioy.QaTTjv xai Bqaaidav nal ^dvAoq^QOvaj 
xsXEvovtEg dXXj]v vav(ia^iav ^eXtico TraQacjxEvd^EG&ai y.a\ {xr] vn 
oXiymv TEOJV EiQyEa&ai tijg d^aXdoorig. 2. idoxsi yccQ avzoTg, dXXcog 
7£ y>al TTQ^Tov vaviia^iag TiEiQaaaiiivoig noXvg b naQaXoyog shaif 
nal oh TOGOvTcp (^ovTO 6q)6jv to vavzixov XEiTiEG&ai, ysyEVTJa&ai di 
ziva [AaXaniav, ovk dvziziOtvzEg Ttiv 'Ad^rivamv ix noXXov ifiTTEi- 
Qiav Ttjg aqjEzsQag di' bXiyov fXEXizi]g. oQy-^ ovv dniazEXXov. 3. ol 
ds dcpoio^Evoi fiEza Kvijiiov vavg zs TZEQiTJyysXXov nazd noXEig yal 
zdg TTQovnaQ'iovaag E^rjozvovzo cog ini vavfiaxiav. 4. nifxnEi bl 
y.a\ 6 (DoQfit'mv ig zag 'Ax^t^vag zijv te TzaQaexEVTjv avzmv dyys- 
Xovvzagj aal tzeqi zlqg vav}iaiiag r^v ivUriaav cpqaGOvzag, xat x€- 
Xevcov avz^ vavg ozi nXEiGzag did zd^ovg dnoazEiXai, ag naif 
ilfiiQav ixdaztjv iXnidog ovorjg dsi vavf4.a)(^?]GEiv. 5. ol ds dnonE^- 
Txovaiv EiHOGL vovg avzm, z^ ds youi^ovzi avzdg nQOOEniazEiXav ig 
Kqi]Z7jv ttqcjzov dcpiy-iadai. NixUtg ydg KQrjg FoQzvviog, nqo^Evog 
cor, TTEid^Ei avzovg ini Kvdcaviav nXEvoai, qjdGxccv nQoanoiriGEiv 
u,vz)]v, ovaav noXEfiiav ' sm/yE ds UoXiivizaig )^aQi^6fiEvog, ofAOQOig 
rmv Kvdconazav. 6. aai 6 fxsv Xa^mv zdg vavg ft>/€TO ig Kq/jztjv, 
Kai (isza zcov TloXrjfvizav idrjov zi]v yTjv zav Kv8coviazav, y.al vno 
dvt'fxmv xal vno dnXoiag ivdiizQixpsv ovh oXiyov )[o6vov. 

LXXXVI. 01 5' iv zrj KvXX?]vr} IlEXonovv^aioi, iv zovzco iv 
m ol 'A&Tjvaioi nsql Kq)]Z7]v Kazsi'^ovzOj naQEGHEvaGfiivoi mg in\ 
ravfia^iaVj naQsnXEVGav ig IldvoQfiov zov 'Aya'ixoVj ovtteq avzoTg 
yazd y?jv Gzgazog zoov UsXonovvrjGioav nQOG^s^orjO-tjxEi. 2. na- 
[iinX-EVGE ds xai 6 (DoQfiicov ini zb 'Piov zb MoXvxQiyiov, xai (anui- 
^azo t'S,(o avzov vavGiv eixogiv, aiGnsQ Ha\ ivavfiuxrjGE4^. 3. ijv ds 
tovzo IX8V 70 'Pnv (fiXiov zoTg ^A&tjvaioigj zo d' ezeqov Plov SGih 



112 eorKTJi^OT ZTrrPAfpH^. 

avjimqag to h TJJ IleXoTiofrt'jGcp' dif^erov ds an aH/J^ooj' jrot' 
blovi; fiahaza iirza jrjg ■&aX(xa(jf]g, rov ds Kgiaaiov y.6).7iov aTOfxa 
lovTO i<7Tiv. 4. ETii ovv 7^ 'Ptft> T(p L^^focixQ) ol neXoTzovp^aioij 
v.7ihiovTi oh nolv lov TlavoQixoVj iv oj avzoig 6 Tis^og r^v, (x>q[jii- 
javzo aal avzoi vavaiv snza xai s^do/xtjxovzaf iiiEidrj nal zovg 
'AOjjvaiovg sldor. 5. xat stii ^Iv i^ tj sttzcc rifiiqag dvO^aQfxow 
cD.hjXoig fieXezojvztg ze y.ai TiaQaaxeva^ousvoi ztjv vavfiaxiav, yvco- 
fir^v tiovzEg ol fiev //^ iy.7i7.eiv e^oD zav 'Piwv ig zijv EVQV'ioiQiav, 
qo^ovfjievoi to ttqozsqov nddogj ol ds firj ianXeiv ig zd azEvd, vofii- 
^ovzEg TTQog iymojv elvai zr/v iv oXiyq) vavfjiaiiav. 6. sTieiza 6 
KvTjfjiog y.ai 6 BQccaidag xai ol dXXot zmv IleXonovvTjGicov azQazij- 
yoi, ^ovlofieroi iv zd'/Ei zi]v vavnayiav Tzoujaai, nqiv zi ^ai dnh 
zav '^&rivai(x)v iTzi^orj&Tjaafj ^vveydXeGav zovg azQazmzag Trgm- 
zov, xa« oQOJvzeg aizojv zovg TioXXovg 8id rijv nQOziqav ijaaav 
qo^fOVfisvovgj xai ov TTQO&vfiovg ovzag, TzaQsysXemavzo xai tXs^av 
zoidde. 

LX XXVII. 'H fisv y8vo{A.EV7] vavfiayia, w dvdQsg HaXoTZOvvrj- 
Gioi, £1 zig uga di^ avzrjv vpimv q)0^£izai zr/v fiiXXovaav, ov^i di- 
y.aiav E)[ei ziyfiagaiv zo ixcpo^J^aai. 2. zy ze yuQ TzaQaaaEvij ivdE7]g 
iyivEzOj (aaTTEQ i'azE, nul ovyl ig ravf4.a)^iav fidXXov rj im ozgazEiav 
inXiofiEv' ^vrt'^J] ds xal zd dnh zJjg zvitjg ovx oXiya ivavzim&ijvah 
xai nov zi xai t} dnsiQia ngmzov vavixayovvzag Eaq}r]XEv. 3. coaza 
ov aazd tjjv rjfiEziQav yayiav zo J^aalja&ai nQoceyivEzo, ovds 8i- 
yaiov zrjg yvcoixrjg zo fii] yazd yodzog fiyrj&ivy vfov ds ziva iv avzc^ 
dvziXoyiav, zr;g ^vfi(f0Qdg z^ dno^dvzi dfA^XvvEaO^ai, vofiiaai ds 
zaig fisv zv'/aig ivdtjEcO^ai acpdXXeaO'ai zovg dv&Qconovg, zaig ds 
yrcofiaig zovg avzovg del dvdQsiovg og&ag elvaiy xat itq dnsiQiav 
zov dvdQEiov nagovzog nQO^uXXofiEvovg Eiyozag dv 'iv zivi yayovg 
yevia&ai. 4. vfxav ds ovd' rj dnsiQia zoaovzov Xsinszai oaov zoX^Jtij 
nQoiiEZE' zmvds ds t} iniffz^fit], 7]v ^idXiaza qjo^eia&E, drdgsiav 
fifp syiovca yai fiv/jfiriv i^st iv to) dsivc^ inizsXEiv a sfxa&eVf avEv 
ds Evxpvyiag ovdefiia ziyrvij noog zovg ^iirdvvovg laxvsi. q)0^og yag 
^vrifiriv iynX^GGEif zip>ri ds dvEv dXyrig ovd^v oogpeP.fr. 5. ngog ftsv 
oiv zo ifinEigozsgov avzwv zo zoX^rigozsgov dvzizd^aaO^Sy ngog ds 
zo dic:t zt]v jjacav dsdiivai zo dnagdaxsvoi zoas zvj^eiv. 6. nsgi- 
riyvEzai ds i}uv nXi^d^og ze rs^av ya\ ngog z^ ^ri^ oiysla ovarjf onXi 



LIB. 11. CAP. LXXXVIII. LXXXIX. 113 

rcoi' naqovtcov vavaaieXv ' ia 8s ttoIXcc zdjv tiXeiovcov y,al afxeirov 
7TaQE6KEva<j^8r(xiv zb -AQcczog iffzt'v. 7. co(jz8 ovde aad^ 8v evQtaxo- 
fisv EixozGjg av r^f-iag (jq)a).Xofxhovg' yial baa rjfxdQTOfiEv nqozEQOVf 
vvv avza zavza TZQoaysvo^Eva didaaiiuXiav naQE^ei. S. d^aQaovv- 
ZEQ ovv y.ai y,v^EQvriZCL{ aai vavzai zo xad^ iavzov Exaazog etjeg&Ej 
j^ojQav 111] TZQoXEiTiovzEg 11 av zig TTQoaza'/^&ij. 9. z^v ds ttqozeqov 
TiyEfiovmv ov xeXqov zt]v ETzi^EiQtjaiv rj^sTg TzaQacHEvdaofXEVj xal ovx 
Ev8coGO^Ev TTQOcpaaiv ovdEvc xocKfj) yEVkodai ' ijV dt zig dqa ya), ^ov- 
XrjOfi, xoXaa&ij(jEzai zy nqEnovcri ^t]{^in, ol ds dya&ol zifiijaofzai 
zoig TTQoatjy.ovatv d&Xotg zjjg dgEzijg. 

LXXXVIII. Toiavzai fisv zoTg IlEXoTZOvvrjaioig ol dq'/^ovzEg 
naQEy.EXsvoavzo. 6 ds (PoQfiiojVy dsdicog ytal avzbg zi]v zmv azqa- 
ztazMv OQQmdiav, xai ah&ofiEvog ozi zb 7zX7j&og zcov vsav^ 'Aaza 
ocpdg avzovg ^vnazd^iEvoi iqio^ovvzo, e^ovXeto ^vyxaXsaag daQav- 
rai ZE yai TtaQaivsaiv iv z<^ naqovzi noii^aaa&ai. 2. ttqozeqov 
\i8v yoLQ asi avzoig eXsySj aal TZQOTzaQEaxEva^E zag yvcofiagj cog ov- 
dsv avzoTg TzXtj&og vewv zoaovzov, ijv EninXiri^ o,zi ov^ vtio^evezeov 
avzoig iczi ' yai ol azQazioozai eh ttoXXov iv ccplaiv avzoTg ztjv 
d^icoaiv zavz7]v EiXijcfsaav fi.r^8tva o^Xov, 'AO^rivaioi ovzsg, TIeXotiov- 
VTjaiojv vEoov v7T0)^coQEiv. 3. zozE ds TZQog zr]v naQovaav oxpiv OQav 
avzovg dd^vfjiovvzag e^ovXezo vno^vtiaiv noiriaaad^ai zov OaQasiv, 
jcai ^vyyaXs'aag zovg 'A&r]vaiovg eXe^s zoidds. 

LXXXIX. 'Oqoov I'lAag, ca avdQsg azQazimtaij 7TSq)0^r]ji£vovg 
zo TxXridog zoov Evavzimv ^vvExdXEaa, ovy, a^iwv za |M// dsiva iv 6q- 
Qcodia EiEiv . 2. ovzoi ydQ, tiqojtov fisv did zb trrQOVEvixlja&ai, aal 
[zjjds avzoi oieadai ofxoioi rjniv shaiy zo nX?]dog zav vsmvj xai ova 
dnb zov i'aoVj TzaQsayEvdaavTo ' mEiza qj fxdXiaza ^lazEvovzsg 
nQOdEQ'/^ovzai, cog TZQoarixov Gq)i6tv dvdQEioig slvai, ov di' dXXo zi 
■&aQ60vaiv 7] did ztjv iv zcp tze^co if^TZEiQiav za tzXeico yazoQ&ovrzsgf 
jial o'lOVTcu acfiui aai iv zm ravzia^ tzoi^geiv zo avzo. 3. zo 5' sh 
zov dixaiov 7]fuv fidXXov rvv nEQiiazai, eitteq y,ai zovzoig ev EXEivcp, 

insl EVlpV^ia yS oldsv TTQOqjEQOVGlf Z^ ds SydzEQOl Zl iflTZSlQOZEQOl 

slvai d^QaavzEQOi ia^Ev. 4. Aa'Asdaiiiovioi ze, tiyovfiEvoi zoov ^vfi- 
fxa'^mVy did zijv GcpEziqav do^av dyovzag nqoadyovai zovg noXXovg 
ig zov mvdvvov, insl ovn av ttozs inEiEiQi]Gav ijaari&EVZEg Tiaqa 
ftoXv av&ig vav^a)(^Eiv. 5> ^t] dij avzav zijv zoXjxav dsiGtjzE. noXv 



114 OOTKTjIJOr STrrPA^HS. 

ds vfitii^ i'AHvoig TzXico q^o^ov TTaQs^sTS hoi niaroreQOv, xatd re to 
TZQOveviy.p^xtvaL xai on ovy. av 7jyolrzaij fti] ^illovidg ti a^iov rov 
naqa noXv TiQci^eiVj dr&iaraa&ai vfi:ig. 6. dvzinaloi fih ydg ol 
TiXeiovgf ooaTZEQ ovtoIj zy dvvdfisi to nXtov nicvvoi tj zy Yvooi:iri etis'q- 
^ovTai' 01 5' BH 7TolX(^ v7zod£EaT8Q03V, y.ul ufiu ovx dvayxal^ofisvoif 
fisya Ti TTJg diavoiag to §t^atoi^ s^ovTEg avTiroX^aciv. a Xoyi^o- 
fiEvoi ovTOi T(p ovH sixozt TiXb'ov TiEXfo^rjvzai 7]fidg ^ TTj aaza loyov 
TTaQCiGXEvij. 7. TTolXa ds y.ai azQazoTTsda i^dtj etiegev vtt iXaaao- 
v(ov T^ dneiQift. Ban ds d y.al tq dzoX^in ' cov ovdszEQOv ?]fiEig vvv 
fiETE^OfiEV. 8. Tov ds dymva ova iv t^ xoXTzqi ixmv ehai noiriijo^aiy 
olds iffTzXEvaofjiai. ig avzov. oqw ydg ozi nqog TzoXXdg vavQ dvs- 
TiiazT^fiovag oXijaig vavaiv E^nEiQOig nai dfisivov nXsoixjaig ?/ azi- 
voicoola oh ^v/^ioptQei. ovzs ydq dv iniTTXevGEiE Tig cog )[Q)] Eg EfA^o- 
Xrjv fA,)j t'j^av Tijv TiQoaoipiv Tav TzoXe/xiCov ex tzoXXov, ovze dv «;ro;^a)- 
Q7]aEi£v iv dtovzi niEt,6^Evog ' dit'y.TzXoi ts ovk slaiv ovds dvaazQO- 
cpai, dnEQ vemv d^iEivov TiXEovcav sgya iaziv, dXX dvdyxj] dv sit] ti]v 
vaviiityiav TTE^Ofxaxiav y,a\)^iazaa&ai, xai iv TOvzq> at nXsiovg vr^eg 
yQEiaaovg yiyvovzai. v. tovtcov (iev ovv syco e^(o Tijv TZQOvoiav yazcc 
TO dvvazov ' vfAEig ds Evzay.Toi tzuqu Toig vavai ^Evovrsg tu te net- 
QayyE7.X6fiEva 6^8(og dr/EG&E, dXXcog te y.ai di' oXiyov T^g iq)OQfir^- 
aeayg ovarig^ xcu iv ro) sQyo^ xocfiov xai aiyTjv tieqi tzXeigtov riyElade^ 
Eg TE Ttt 7To7.Xd TQov TZoXEfitxmv ^vfiq)SQei y.ai vaviioLfin ov^ i^Maza^ 
ufivv(x.(j&£ ds Tovads d^iojg Tav TTgoeioyafffiEvcov. 10. 6 ds dycov 
uiyag vficv, i] aazaXvaai TlEXonowTjaicov Ttjv iXTZidcc tov vavzr/.ovj 
7] iyyvTEQco xaTaazJ^dcu 'A&rivaioig tov q.6^ov tieqi Tijg -O^aXdaar^g. 
11. dva{xi{xv^ay,co 5' av vfidg ozi rEviy.tjy>aTE avzoov Tovg noXXovg. 
T]aar]f*EvcovD£ drdgmv ova iO^iXovaip at yvmfxai TZQog Tovg avzovg 
yuvdvvovg ofxoiai eivau 

XC. Toiavza ds xal 6 (PoQ^icov naQEysXEVEzo. ol ds TIeXo- 
novviiGioi, insid]] avzoTg ol ^Ai^TjvaToi ovx ininXsov ig tov y.oXnov 
y.a\ TU GTEvd, ^ovXofASvoi dxovrag e(J(o nQoayaysiv avzovg, dvayo- 
fiEvoi dfia ECO etiXeoVj ini Tsaadgoov Tat,dfjiEvoi Tag vavg, ini tk/v sav- 
Tcov yrjv saw in] tov yoXfzoVj ds^uo xEQa riyovfiivM, wansQ xai coq- 
ftovV 2. im 5' avz^ eixogl ha^av Tag dniaTa nXsovaagj onmg eI 
una vofiiaag im t)]v Navizaxzov avzovg nXsiv 6 (I^oquicov aai avzog 
ini^07iOwv TUi'TTi naoanXioij lu] diacfvyoisv nXiovza tov ininXovf 



LIB. 11. CAP. XCI. XCII. 115 

aqioov 01 'Ad^rivaToi e^co tov iavrav x^Qcctgy aXX avzai ai rljsg ne 
Qixlriuaiav. 3. 6 ds, on^Q 8-ahvoi TTQoJsdtyovzo qjo^ijdeig 7T8Qi z^ 
X^Qi'fp ^Q^ifico ovTi cog iooQa arayofitvovg avzovg, ayxov 'xat >:atk 
OTTOvdtjv Bfi^i^daag ettXei naqa zrjv yfiv ' xoct 6 7ZEt,6g a}ta toov Msa- 
(T)iriojv naQ£^o/]d^si. 4. IdovTsg ds ot UakonovvrifJioi xaia [iiav 
ijil xtQcog TzaQanXiovTag y.ai i]8ri ovrag ivtog lov xoXnov re y,ai 
}7Qog T^ yy, otzbq b^ovXovzo fxdXiara, ot.no ai][A.8iov ivog aqjvco btii- 
GTQtxpavteg tag vavg fieTOJTzrjdov etiXeov cag er/^E tdiovg txa^rog im 
Tovg ^Ad^r]vaiovgy kol i]X7ti^op ndaag tag vavg dizoXrixpEG&ai 
5. rmv ds tvdsyia [xev ameq jjyovvro vTzexqievyovai to atQag rav 
TJaXonovvriaimv xal rrjv ETZiatqoqiijv eg tijv evQV/^coQiav . tag ds 
aXXag enmataXa^ovteg e^ecoudv te TZQog trjv y'ljv vnocpevyovaag xal 
8ieq)&eiQaVf drdqag ts tmv 'Ad^rivaicov dntmeivav ogoi fitj e^tvev- 
(jav avtojv. 6. xal tcov vemv tivag dvadov{xevoL eiXxov aerdg, fiiav 
ds avtoig dwdqaaiv elXov ' tag ds tivag ot Meaaijvioi, TzaQa^oi^O^/j- 
aavteg, 'aoi eneo^aivovteg ^vv toTg OTzXoig ig trjv ^dXaaaav y.ai 
t7Zi[idvteg, cctzo tmv ^tataatQOj^dtojv iiaionevoi acpeiXovzo sXxofit- 
vag lidrj. XCI. tavtrj ^Iv olv oi TleXonovvijaioi ixQdtovv te xal 
eqi&eiQav tag 'Attixdg vavg ' at ds erAOOi prjeg avzmv at dno tov 
de^iov xtQCog idicoxov tag evde^a vavg tcov 'A^^Tjvaiojv, aineQ vne^- 
scpvyov tTjv STZiGtQOiffjv ig trjv evQv^caQiav. y,ai cp&dvovGiv avzovg 
TzXrjv iiidg vsojg nQoaatacpvyovaai eg trjv Navna'Atov, v.aA, ig^ovgui 
dvtiTTQcoQOi >iata to ' AnoXXmnov TzaQSG'Aevd^ovto dfivvovfievoij 
Tjv eg trjv ytjv eui G(jdg ttXeodgiv. 2. ot ds TzaQayevofievoi vGteqov, 
enamvit,6v te d^ia nXeovteg, cog venAi^Koteg, aai, t7jv fxlav vavv tcov 
* Ad^rjvaicov tijv vnoXomov idicoHE Asvuadia vavg fiia tzoXv ttqo tmv 
aXXcov. 3. stvj^s ds oXxag oQiiovGa iistecooog^ tzeqi 7]v rj ^Attiar] 
vavg cf&dGaGa t^ Aevaadia dicoAOVGri ifi^dXXsi [isGri aat y>atadvei. 
4. toTg fisv olv TleXonovvTiGioig yevof^evov tovtov dnqoGdoHritov te 
xccf Ttaqd Xoyov (jio^og e(A,7Zi7ztei ' aac afxa dtdxzcog dicoAOvteg did 
to yqatsTvy at fisv tivsg tav veav xa&stGai tag xcoTzag STzt'GtfjGav 
70V TzXov, d^vfi.(poQOv dQoovzeg TZQog ti]v «| oXiyov dvts^oqfir^GiVy 
^ovXofiEvoi tag nXeiovg rzsqifieivai, at ds nal eg ^qa^ea dneiqia 
^ooqicav SiieiXav. XCII. tovg 5' 'A{}i]vaiovg Idovtag tavta yi' 
yvofieva 'OdqGog te eXa^e, y^ai dno svog neXevGfiazog e^i^OTJGavtsg 
en avtovg (SqpniGav. ot ds, did td vudq^ovta dfiaqTi^fxaia aal tJ^v 



116 eoTKTAiAOT ZTrrvAa>ji2. 

naqovaav ata^lav, oXfyov fi8v '/qovov vniiiEivav, tTZeira da izQa' 
novro h '^ov IIuvoquov, o&svttsq avijydyovio. 2. iTzidicoHOvzEg da 
ol 'u4\}7]vaioi, rag ts eyyvg ovaag iidhara vavg sXa^ov t'|, xal rag 
eavTcoy d(peiXorTOj ag ixeivoi TTQog iri yij 8ia(pi^ai{)avTeg to ttqcStov 
artdrjoavTO' dvdQagzs tovg f^h dniy.reivaVt rirdg ds aal E^myQrjaav. 
3. am 8s TTJg Jtsvuadiag ve(6g, ^ tzeqi ttjv oXxdda xaie'dvy Tipioxgd' 
rr^g 6 uda'^edaipionog ttXscov, ag tj vavg discp&eiQSTO, EC(fa^Ev savior 
xai i^sTTsaev ig thv NavnaKzimv Xifisva. 4. dvaycoQi^GavTsg ds ol 
A&i]vaioi TQonaiov saitjaav oOsv dvayo^sroi ixgdirjaav, xai lovs 
vexQOvg aai to, vavdyia oca TTQog ry iavzav ^v dvsilovTo, koI toig 
svavTioig ra i-ksil'cov vnoGTzovda aTztdoaav. 5. sanjaav ds aal oi 
TIslonovvr>aioi TQonaTov ojg vsviHTjxoTEgj tfjg TQOTzrjg, ag ngog ry yy 
ravg dis(p&siQav ' xal rivnsQ sla^ov vavv, dvid^saav am to ^Plov to 
^'/^almv Tzaqd to TQOTzaTov. 6. fASTa ds Tavza, qjo^ovfiavoi tijv 
dno Tav ' ^^r^vaioov ^oi^&siav, vno vv'/aa iaaTzXsvaav ag tov 'aoXttov 
KqiaaTov xai Kogivd^ov ndvzag nXi]v ^svHadmv. 7. yal ol ix Tijg 
Kg/jiT^g '^&i]vaioi Taig alxoat vavaiv, aig tdsi ttqo trjg vavfxa)^iag 
Tw (poQfiiojvi TzaQayEvta&ai, oh noXXt^ vazsgov r^g dva'/cogriaEcag 
Tmv rsav dq/ixvovvTai ag ttjv NainaxTOv. y.al to d^agog IzaXEVza. 
XCIII. Hgiv ds diaXvaai to ag Kogiv&ov te aai tov KgiaaTor 
xoXttov uvaxcogricrav vavziHOv, 6 Kvijfiog xai 6 Bgaaidag y.al ol 
aXXoi dg^ovzag tg)v JJaXoTzovvriaiwVf dg^ofiavov tov yufjimvogj 
E^ovXovTO dida^dvTcov Mayagacov dnonEigdoai tov IlEigaimg tov 
Xi^tfog Tmv ^ u4&rivaicov. i]v ds dq:vXaKTog xal axXfjazog ahozag, 
did TO anixgazaXv noXv tq^ vavzixm. 2. adoxEi da Xa^ovTa zc5>' fav- 
rmv axaazov tj^v xmnriv xai to v7Tt]gaaiov xai tov TgoTzcozr^ga Tza^y 
itrai SK KogivO^ov anl tj]v ngog ^ A&rivag -d^dXaoaaVy xal dciixoiis- 
vovg xaTa zd-fog ag Mtyaga, xaO^aXxvcravzag ax Nicaiag tov raoD- 
giov avzav TaaoagdxovTa vavg, ai azvyov avzod^i ovaai, nXavaai 
sv&vg anl tov Ilaigaid ' 3. ovze ydg vavzr/.ov //*• Tzgoq^vXdaaov av 
avTO) oldav, ovzs ngoadoxia ovdafjila fi?] dv tzote ol TzoXatuoi a^a- 
nivaioag ovTcog aniTzXavaaiar, anal ovd^ dno tov Ttgoqiavovg ToXfiT]- 
aai dv xa^ riavyjav, ovds ai diivoovvzo, fit] ovx dv ngoaia&aa&ai. 
4. (ag ds ado^av avzoTg, xai. ay^cogovv avOvg' xai dcfixoftavoi vvxtoq 
xal xai^aXxvaavTag ax Trjg Niaaiag zdg ravg anXaov am fisp tov 
TJaigaid ovxazi, manag diEvoovrzo, xaTadsiaavzsg tov xivdwov, xai 



LIB. II. CAP. XCIV. XCV. 117 

Tis xai afSjiog Xiyetai avzovg ^iwlvaai^ im ds tlqg ^aXajuipog to 
axQcoTijQiov 10 TTQog Msyaqa oqoqv ' y>ai q)QOVQiov eti avzov r^p 
aal Tsav jQiav q)v).ax}] tov fxy IcnXeiv Meyagavai U7]d' IhtzXeTv 
fi7jdt'v. 7q5 Tfi q!QOVQiqt nooat^aXov aai tag TQiijQEig aqjEiXavaav 
nEvag^ ii]v TS uXXtjv ^aXafxTva aTigoadoxijioig IninEaovtEg Inoq- 
'&OVV. XCIV. 4' ^s Tag ^^d-^vag g)Qvxtoi is ygovio tioXe^ioi, 
yioi EHTiXTj^tg iyEVETO ovdEfiiag loov yiazcc ihv tzoXeiiov iXdaamv. 
01 iiEv yaQ Ev 70) aciEi Ig lov UsiQaia ^ovio lovg noXEfiiovg iarre- 
TzXEV'AEvai r^dt], ol d' ev i^ TlEiQaiEL ir^v is 2JaXafiiva riQ7J6&ai 
iwfii^ov xal TiaQtt aqjag oaov ovx EanXsTv avzovg' otzeq aVj si 
i^ovX^&i]6av fi7]-iiaiOiivljaaif (yadicog av iysrszoj yiai ovx av avEfxog 
ixcaXvas. 2. ^oTj^tjaavzEg ds afi ^jf^^Qff TtavdtjfiEi ot ' Ad^rivaXoi ig 
10V TlEiQaia ravg is 'Aad^EiX'AOv xal Eo^dvzsg aaza afzovdrjv aal 
noXXw d^ogv^cp laig [xsv vavaiv mi ir^v ^aXauiva etzXeov, rep 
7te1^(^ ds q)vXaxag lOv UsiQaioog Ha&iazavio. 3. ol ds TIeXottovv?]- 
6101 cog ijadovzo it]v ^ori&siavy 'AaiadQafiovzsg iTJg 2^aXa^lvog ia 
TToXXa y.a\ dv&Qoanovg aal Xsiav Xa^ovzsg nal lag igsTg ravg eu 
zov BovdoQov 10V (fQOVQiov 'Aaia id'fog Ini irjg Niaaiag 'inXsov' 
sail ydo o, ii y.ai. at vTJsg aviovg dia ^qovov xa&sXava&ETaai y.a\ 
ovdsv aztyovaai icpo^ovv. dcfixofisvoi 8s ig ia Msyaqa ndXiv in\ 
iijg KoQiv&ov d7TE)^mQt]aav tie^oi' 4. ol 5' ^y4x}rjvaToi ovheii yiaza- 
Xa^ovisg rzQog iy 2iaXafiivL dmnXsvaav ytai avzoi' aai fASTa 
tovio q)vXanTjv afia zov TiEiQamg fiaXXov io Xoinhv inoiovvio 
Xifiivmv IS nXi^asi xai iy aXXy imixEXsia, 

XCV. '^Tno 8s zovg avzovg y^qovovg, zov ^^sifimvog zovzov dg- 
yo[A,£Vov, JSizdXxTjg 6 TiJqeco, ^OSQvarjg, QQay.mv ^amXsvg, iazqdzEv- 
CEv im IlEQSi'Axav zov ^AXs^dvSQov, MaxE8oviag ^aaiXsa, Kai im 
XaX'Aidiag zovg im OgdxTjg, 8vo VTZOGxiastg, zt]v fxsv ^ovXo^svog 
dvaTZQa^ai, zijv 8s avzog d7io8ovvai. 2. o is ydg TlEgSixxag avz^ 
vnoaxoi^Evog, el 'y^&i]vaioig zs SiaXXd^sisv savzov, yai dg'/dg i^ 
7ioXe{xo^ niE^ofiSvoVj xal (PiXititzov zov d8EXq)ov avzov, noXifnov 
opza^ fxri aazaydyot im ^aaiXEia, a vnE8E^azo ova insziXsi ' loTg is 
'Adrivaioig aviog couoXoy^xsij ois it]v ^vfA-fia^iav inoislzo, zov im 
OQaHTjg XaXxidixov tzoXejiov 'AazaXvusiv. 3. dficpozsQcov ovv eveao. 
ztjv Ecpo8ov inoiEizo, xai zov zs (IhXltztzov vlov 'Afxvvzav (og im 
^auiXsia zojv MaAsdovoov 7jys, xai zmv 'Ad^ijvaccnv nQsa^sig, ot 



118 OOTKTJIJOT ATrrPA(PII2. 

tTV'fov TtagovTsg Tovtcov ivE'Aa^ v,ai rj£fi6va Ayvoava. ' edsi yaQ aa: 
Tohg ^A&r^vaiovg vavai le y>at aiQaTia cog Tileiazy ini rovg XaA- 
y.idaag naQayevtaOai. XCVI. uvlazriaiv ovv £x zav 'OdQvamv 
OQficojiEvogf TTQcozov fisv TOvg ivTog Tov Aifiov 7£ oQOvg y.ai trig 
'PodoTZTjg OgccAag, oooov iiqib f^^XQ^ d^aldaarig, ig jov E'v^eivov te 
TzovTov 'Aoi TOV 'EXXijffnovioVj ETTSira 7ovg vtzeq^uvzi AiiAOv FsTagj 
>tal OGa aXka fiEQrj irzog tov "Ictqov Tzozafiov TZQog '&alaaaav 
liaXXov Ttjv TOV Ev^Eivov TTOVTOV y.aTCpxr]T0' Eiol d' ol rkzai ^ai 
at Tavzrj, ofiOQOi te TOig ^xv&aig xai ofiooaEvoiy ndvTEg Ititioto^o- 
Tai. 2. 7TaQExd).Ei ds nai tmv oqeivoSv Qqaamv TZoXlovg twv av- 
Tovo^icov 'AOLi fiaxoLiQOCfoqav, 01 /Jioi yaXovvTai, ttiv 'PodoTZtjv ol 
ftlEiaToi oiy.ovvTEg' yai Tovg fJiEV fiia&cp sTtEidEVj ol 5' i&EXovTul 
^vvriHoXov&ovv. 3. dviaTt] de aai ^Ayqidvag ^ai Aaiaiovg yai 
alia oaa e&vtj Tlaiovixa, cov v^q'/^e ' y>ai Ea^aTOi TTjg dgyjig ovzoi 
tiaav fiEXQi FQaaioov Tlaiovcof nai tov ^TqvfJiovog Tzozafiov, og ek 
TOV 2^xoi.iiov oQOvg 8ia FQaaixov y.ai Aaiaicov qeTj ov coqi'I^eto ?/ 
aQyJ] TO, TTQog TIaiorag amovo^iovg ijdi]. 4. to. ds TZQog Tqi^aXXovg^ 
Koct TOVTOvg avTorofiovg, TQ7]QEg (aQit,ov nai TikaTaloi' oixovai 
5' ovzoi TTQog ^OQEav TOV 2^}iOfiiov OQOvg y.ai TzaQi^'AOvcri TTQog i]).iov 
duaiv fiE^Qi TOV 'Ooyuov Tzotafiov. qei 5' oviog ix tov oQOvg o&sv- 
fTEQ y.ai 6 N^EffTog nal 6 E^Qog ' e6ti 8s EQr]fiOV to OQog yal fiEya, 
iyofiEvov TTqg 'Podonrig. XCVII. iysvETO ds tj dgyrj ij 'OdQvaav 
fiEyEx^og, BTz] fisv d^dXaaaav Ka&7'iiiovaa, dno 'A[idi]Qcov noXsag Eg 

TOV Ev^EiVOV TZOVTOV TOV f^E/Ql ' IgZQOV TZOZaflOV' aVTTJ TZEQlTzXovg 

EaT)v ij y'tj TO, ^vvTOficoTaTa,, rjv dsi yaza TZQVfivav laiT/Tai to 
TzvEvfia, V7fi OTQoyyvXrj Tsaadgoiv ijuEQcov y.ai iacov vvhzojV 6d^ ds 
TO, ^vvTO^coTaTa E^ A^drjgcov hg 'Igtqov dvfjQ Ev^mvog ErdExazaTog 
teXeT. 2. TO, nEv TZQog '&dXa(j(Tav ToaavTi] tjv ' ig ^tzeiqov ds dno 
BvtavTiov ig Aaiaiovg y.ai inl tov ^ZQvi^wva, TavTri yaQ dia 
tiKeictov drzo -O-aXdaarig dvco iyiyvszo, rifiEoav drdQi Ev^avcn tqimv 
xal ds'aa dvvaai. 3. (^oQog te ex ndaijg Trig ^aQ^dqov y.ai t^v 
'EXXrividoav noXEcxiv, oaov TzgoaTi^av inl 2^ev0^ov, og vgteqov ^izdX- 
xov ^aaiXsvaag nXsiCTOv drj inoirias, TETgaxoaimv TaXdvTcov dgyv- 
Qiov fidXiGta dvvafzig, a XQvaog y.ai ctgyvgog s'lri' xal dcoga ovx 
iXdaum tovzcov ygvaov te xai dgyvgov ngoasq^igETO, ycoglg ds oca 
vcfavTa TE xai Xsiaj xai ri aXXri xaraaxEv^j xal ov fiovov avz(^, 



LIB. II. CAP. XCVIII. XCIX 119 

aXXa nal toig naQa^vvaarsvoval zs xa/ yEvvaioig *OdQva6ov. 4. 
i(aT£aT7]6avzo yaq tovvavxlov trig UeQCcov ^aailsiag rbv fofiop, 
ovra }ilv 'Aoi roig alloig Qqo^i, Xafx^dveiv f^allov ^ didovai, xal 
mcsfiov Tiy alirjd^tvta ixij dovvai r; aiir^aavta firj 7V)[8iv' Oficog da 
xuTDC TO dvvaG&ai ini nllov avt^ i^QriaavTO ' ov yaq iiV Tzga^at 
ovdsv (ifj didopia dcjQa. 5. coaze ini fitya r^k&ev t] ^aaiXaia la'^vog 
Z(av ycLQ £v zy EvQConri ouai [XEza^h zov 'Iovlov koXtzov y.a\ zot 
Ev^ELVov novzov ^syiazT] iytvszo iQruidzcov TZQoaodcp aai zy alXri 
EvdaifiovioCf i<S'j(yi ds iid'/rig aai gzqolzov ttX^&ei tzoXv devzt'ga fxeza 
zrjV ^xv&ojv. 6. zavzij ds dbvvaza i^iaovad^ai ov)^ on zd iv t\ 
LvQcoTTYi, aXk ovo 8v zy ylaia txrvog tv nqog iv ovh saziv o,zt 
dvvazov 2JiivOatg 6fioyvcoii,ovov6i ndaiv dvziazijvai. ov fir/v ovd^ 
eg zijv dXXijv ev^ovXiav aai ^vvegiv tzeqi zcjv naqovzcov eg zov ^lov 
dXXoig ofioiovvzai. XOVIII. 2^izdXii7]g fxsv ovv ^aaiXEvcov x^Q(^S 
zoaavzijg TraQeanEvd^Ezo zov azgazov. aai STiEidt] avz^ izoTfia ^v, 
dqag etioqevezo em zriv Maxsdoviav nqmzov fxsv did zijg avzov 
dQyJjg, STZEiza did KEQnivt]g eQrjfzov OQOvg, o eazi fis&OQiov ^ivz(ov 
aai riaiovmv' ettoqeveto ds di avzov zy odm tjv ttqozeqov avzoc, 
enou'iaazo ze^03v zr^v vlriv, oze em Ilaiovag eazgdzevae. 2. zo 
ds. oQog f'l 'OdQvaoov diiovzeg iv ds^id fisv elyov Ilaiovagy iv dgi- 
azEoa ds ^ivzovg xai Maldovg. disX&ovzsg ds avzo dqjUovzo ii 
Jo^ijQOv Z7]v Ilaionntjv. 3. noQEvoiiivcp ds avzcp dnsyiyvEzo [isv 
oi'dtv zov GZQazov ei fjn] zi vo^cp, TiQoaeyiyvEzo di' noXXol ydg zmv 
avTov6jA03v Oq^'awv aTzaQdaXyzot i(p aQTzay^v yxoXovOovv, wgze 
zo ndv TzXij&og Xiyszai ovx eXaaaov TTEvzE'/iaidsxa ^vQiddcov ysve- 
oO^ai' 4. y>al zovzov zo fisv nXiov 7ZEt,ov r^v, ZQizyfxoQiov ds (Jid- 
Xiaza iTTTTixov. zov 5' iTTTZixov zo ttXeigzov avzoL 'OdQvuai TiaQEl- 
10VZ0 '/.ai (.lEz avzovg Fezai. zov ds tzeI^ov oi fiay^aiQoqjOQOi fia)[i- 
iiwzazoi fisv j](jav oi ea zijg 'Podomjg avzovofxoi :iaza^dvzeg, 6 ds 
dXXog ofiilog ^viifi.iy,zog 7tXi]&£i q,o§£Qc6zazog ti'AoXov&Ei. XCIX. 
^vv?]\)^Qoi^ovzo ovv iv zi] /Jo^^qoj ■Hat TzaQsaHEvd^ovzOy oTTcog xarce 
xoQvq)yv iaPaXovGiv ig Zi]v xdzco Maxedoviav, 7]g 6 IlEQdtxy.ag 
t]QyE. 2. zoov ydg Maxedovmv siai aai ^vyxj]azai :<ai 'EXEifxioozai 
y.al dXXa e&vf] indvoid^Ev, a ^vfifia'j^a iiiv iazi zovzoig >ia\ vnr^yod, 
^ccoiXeiag 5' ey^ei 'Aa&^ avzd. 3. zijv ds naqd ddXaaaav vvv Ma- 
mdovlav '' AXi^avdqoc, 6 Usgdixyiov TiazjJQ, 'aoI oi TTQoyovot avzov 



120 eoTKrJiJOT ATrrPAfPH^. 

Tijfzsndaif TO agxc^iov ovTsg f| ''^gyovg, TtQmtov i'Az^aavTo, xa] 
f^aailEvaar, draoTfjaavTEg fid'/ri iy. fih TIiEQiag UieQagj ol vctts- 
Qov V710 70 ndyyaiov ntQav 2JTQVf4.6vog (x^xr^aav 0dyQ7jTa y.ai dXXa 
XcoQLO. ' nai ezi xat vvv UiEQiHog noXnog y.a).Elzai ?] vno iw Tlay- 
yaioi TiQog {^dXaaaav y7j ' in ds xrjg Bortiag xaXovfi£i>j]g Bozriai- 
ovgj ol vvv 0IA.0Q01 XaXy.idaoov oiHOvai' 4. Ti]g ds Tlaioviag naqa zov 
^A^ihv fzoTafihv gtev/^v Tiva xa&rixovaav dvco&Ev f^tjQt IltXXrjg y.al 
'&aXdaa?]g ixrtjaavTOj yat niqav '^^lov he'^qi ^TQVfiovog tjjv Mvy- 
doviav xaXovfxEVT^v 'Hdavag i^EXdaavTsg vEfiovrai. 5. dvtarrjaav 
ds xal ix zrjg vvv 'Eogdiag xaXovfiEvt^g ''EoQdovg, ojv ot fisv tzoXXoI 
Icp&dqriaaVj ^Qctyv ds ti avrmv nsgi 0vay.av yaror/.r^Tai, xal i^ 
' AXfJieoniag ' udX^mnag. 6. syQaTtjaav ds xai lav dXXcav i&vav 
01 MaxEdovsg ovtoi, a yai vvv hi siovai^ rov js 'u^v&sfiovvza y.al 
rgjjGTOJViav y.al BiaaXziav xal Maysdorcop avicov noXXiiv. to da 
^vfiTzav Mayedovia yaXsirai yai TlEgdixyag ' ^Xe^dvdQOv ^aaiXavg 
avzmv t]v ozs ^irdXxrjg In^si. 

C. Kai ol fisv MaxEdovsg ovzoi Iniovzog noXXov azgazov, 
ddvvazoi ovreg dfxvvEG&ai, sg zs zd xaozEod xai zd zei)^t], oaa 
r^v Ev zy X^Q^f iaEyopiia&t]Gav. 2. tjv ds oh noXXd, dXXd vqzeqov 
^y^QXsXaog 6 Usgdixxov vlog ^aaiXsvg yEvojiEvog, zd vvv ovza iv 
ti] ymqa cpKodo/j-r^aE, xai odovg svdEiag szEfiE xai zdXXa diExoafxr^dE, 
zd zs xazd zov noXsfiov innoig xai onXoig xai zy aXXy Tzagaaxsv^ 
XQEiGGovi 1] ^vfinavzEg ol aXXoi ^aaiX?]g oxzco ol tzqo avzov ysvofis- 
vol. 3. 6 ds GZQazog zav Qqciymv ix zrjg jdo^/jgov iat'^aXs tzq^- 
zov fisv eg zriv ^ii7.innov ttqozeqov ovaav aQpjv, xai siXsv 
Eido[4tvr^v fisv xaza xgdzog, Fogzwiav ds xai '^zaXdvzr]v xai 
aXXa dzza ;fa)()ta hfJioXoyia, did zrjv ^ud^ivvzov cpiliav ngoay^cogovv- 
za zov fDiXlnnov vliog Ttagovzog ' Ehgmnhv ds inoXiogxriaav fitv, 
sXeiv ds ovx idvvavzo. 4. snsiza ds xai eg zrjv dXXrjv Maxsdoviap 
ngovi^ogEi zr^v ev dgiazEgd ritXXrjg xai Kvogov. earn ds zovzcov 
eg zr^v Bozziaiav xai Uisgiav ovx dcpixovzo, dXXd zjjv zs Mvy 
doviav xai fgrjGzcoviav xai 'Av&Euovvta ed^ovv. 5. ol ds Maxs- 
dovsg 7isll,oo fiev ovds disvoovvzo dfivvsad^ai, mnovg ds ngoafis- 
va7tE{i\pd{iEvoi dno zoov dvoa ^vfifid^mv, ottt} doxoi, hXiyoi ngog 
TToXXovg eat'§aXXov eg zb azgdzsvixa zav Qgnxmv. 6. xai i] nev 
TTgocTitaoiEVy ovdslg vTisfiEVEv dvdgag Innsag zs dyaOovg xat 



LIB. 11. CAP. CI. CII. 121 

TEd^aQamofispovgy vno ds nXri&ovg TzsQtahjofiEvoi avtovg Tzolla' 
nXaaiq) rep ofiilco ig y.irdvvov 'Aadioraaav ' coazs zt'Xog ij^viiav 
'7JY0V, oh vofiiXovTtg ixavoi shai noog zo nltov mrdweveip. 
CI. 6 ds ^iidXxrig nqog zs zov IleQdix'Aav loyovg tnoitito ooi* 
hey.a iaTQcizevas y.ai iiieidij ol 'vdd^7]vaToi ov naqliuav zaig 
vavaivj aniazovvzeg avzov fit] ii^eiv, dcoQci zs y,ai TTQs'a^sig tTzsfi- 
xpav avT^, eg ze zovg XaXxidtag itai Bozziaiovg fitQog zi zov GZQa- 
zov TZEfXTiEij i<ai zeii^QEig noi^oag edrjov zip yJjv. 2. yia&rifxtvov 
5' avzov TTEQi zovg ^coQOvg zovzovg, ot TiQog vozov oixovvzEg 
OsaaaXoif ^al Mdyvtjzsg yal ol aXXoi vti^kooi QeaaaXmv, aai oi 
fitiQi OsQfiOTZvXojv EXXrjveg iq)O^^Or]aav firj nai inl cqiag 6 azqa- 
Tog X^Q^^Vy *^^* *** ^(^QOCGXEvy r/aav. 3. ECf,o^ri&i]Gav ds nai ol 
nigav 2^zQVfi6vog nQog ^OQEav OQaKEg, oaoi Tiedia eJ/^ov, Tlavaioi 
nai '086f.iavzoi xat ^Qcooixai AeQaaioi' avzovofioi 5' eIgi ndvzEg. 
4. fiaQEG^s 8s Xoyov y.ai Im zovg zmv ^A&rjvaiGiv noXE^iovg 
"EXXrivag, ^1} vtz avzoov ayofisvoi nazcc zo ^vfXfzayiHov xai Ini 
oqiag ^coQijaooGiv. 5. 6 ds zfjv zs XaXxidini]v y.ai Bozzi'Atjv aat 
MaxEdoviav afia ETztjcov eqjdEiQSj not ETZEiSrj av7q> ovdsv ettquggezo 
(OV EVExa SGE^aXs nai ij azQazia gizov zs ovk slysv avzco xal vno 
yEi^ua^yog izaXaiTzcoQEi, dvanEidEzai vtzo 2!iEvdov zov ^TzaQddxoVf 
ddEXcfidov ovzog nai ntyusiov iiExf avzov dvvafxEvov, wgt ev zdysi 
dnEX&Elv. zov ds 2JEv{)r^v 'AQvqja nEgdixaag vnooy^o^Evog ddEXq^^rjv 
savzov dc6aeiv,Hat yj^)]^aza eti avzy TTQOGnoiEizai. 6. y^ai 6 ijev 
TiEiG&Eig nai [lEtvag ZQidxovza zag nduag ijfxtQag, zovzcov ds oy.zco 
iv XaXyudEVGiv, dvE^WQfjGf zo) Gzgazcp yaza zdyog etz oiaov ' 
riEQdixKag ds vgteqov ^ZQazoviyjjv ztjv savzov ddsXcpriv didcoai 
2^Ev&ij, C0G7ZEQ V7T8(;^8Z0. ZO, (Jisv ovv xazu zijv ^izdXyov GZQazEiav 
ovzcog iysvEzo. 

CII. 01 ds EV Navnd'AZO^ 'Ad^rivaioi zovds zov ysificovogy 
ETZEidq zo zmv TlEXonovvr^Gmv ravzixov diEXvOi], (hoQfiimvog 
ijyovfiEvov EGz^dzEVGav, naQanXEVGavzEg In ^AGzayov xal dno- 
^dvzsgj ig Tt]v fiEGnyeiav zl]g ^Ayaqvaviag zEzoayoGioig usv bnXl- 
zaig A&riraioiv zmv dno zcov veojv, ZEzgaaoaioig ds MEGGr^vicoVj 
EX zs HzQCiTOV 'Aai KoQovzcov yat dXXcov yojQicov dvdQag ov doxovv- 
rag ^s^aiovg shaiy i^ijXaGav, xal Kvvijza zov OsoXvzov ig 
KoQovza xazayayoizsg, dvE'ioonriGav ndXiv inl zdg vavg. 2. ig 

6 



-* 122 ooTKTjiJor ATrrPAfUHy. 

yao Olviadag, aei tzotb TzoX^fiiovg ovrag ^ovovg ^^aaQvaroof 
ovx iSoyiSi dvvatov ehai ^stfioSvog vvtog UTQazsvEiv ' 3, 6 yccQ 
*yi)^sX(pog notcifwg Qtwv ix Ilivdov oqovg 5ta AoXoniag y.al 
^A^Qacav nai '^fiq)i7.6y(ov y.ai dia rov 'AnagvavrAOv ntdiov, 
av(o&sv fiey naqa ^rQoizov nokiv, Ig {^dXaooav 5* i^teig tzuq' 
OiridSag aai r^y tzoXiv avzoTg nsgiXifivd^cop, anoQOv TzoieT VTts 
Tov vdaTog iv yi^eiiimvt aTQatsvEiv. nEivrai ds xal rav vriocov twv 
*Eyjvdd(xiv al noXXal xaravnxQv Oinad^v, rov 'udyeXooov tmt 
ix^oXwv ovdav aTisyovaai, coare fx^yag mv 6 noraiiog ttqogioI 
aEi aat ehi rcov vTJccav ai TjneiQODvraif iXnig ds y>ac ndaag ovk h 
noX7,(^ rivi av XQOvo^ rovzo na&eXv. 4. ro re yciQ Qevfid Ian 
fitya xai tzoXv xal '&o7.eq6v, ai ts vi]<joi nvAvai', xal dXXtjXaig trig 
TTQOoycoascog r^ fij] cxeddvrvax^ai avvdEOfioi yiyvovraif naQaXXciB, 
xat ov naid OTor/ov TtEifAEvaij old' tyovaai ev&siag diodovg 70v 
vdaTog ig to ntXayog. EQi^fioi 5' Eioi aai ov fXEydXai. 5. XtyEiai 
8s y.ai ' u4Xxfiaia)n rqj 'u4fiq;iUQEco, ois dt] dXda&ai avjov fAEia 
TOV q)6rov ilqg fitjigog, rov '^tioXXco ravrijv rijv yrjv yQlqaai olxtiVj 
vnEinovra ovx Eivai Xvaiv rcov dstfidrcov, tiqiv av evgrnv iv ravrri 
zy XiOQK xaroiKiarjraif rjiig^ ore exteivs rr]v ^ivjega, laqnco vno 
i]Xiov smqarOy fir^ds ylj t]Vj ag rijg ys aXXrig avrcp f.iEfxiaofitvT]g. 
6. 6 d' djiOQaVj ag qiaai, ftoXig yarEvor^ae rijv TZQoaymaiv ravri^v 
rov ^AysXc^oVj yai idoHEi avrc^ ty.av?] av ysyojo&ai diaira ro) 
aaixari u(p ovtzeq yrsivag rr]v fiTjrsga ovx oXiyov ygorov ETzXavaro. 
KOI xaroiyiad^E]g eg rovg tzeqI Olnddag roTzovg, idvvdaTEvaa rs, 
you dno ^^xaQvavog Tzaidog iavrov rijg ^(OQOLg rijv E7i(ovv[Jiav 
iyyarsXiTZE. ra [xev tzeq] ' y^Xxfiaicova roiavza XsyofiEva naQEXd- 

§0fiEV. 

cm. 01 8s '^\)^7]vaioi yai 6 (DoQfucov dqavrsg ix rtjg 
'^xaovaviag xal dq^ixofiEvoi ig rrjv Navnaxrov afia ijoi xarsnXEv- 
aav ig rag 'Ad^^vag^ rovg re iXevd^t-QOvg rav aly^aXcozmv ix 
rmv i^avfiayicov ay^vzEg^ o*l avrjQ dvr av8Qog iXvOr^aav, xat rag 
vavg ag eiXor. 2. y.ai 6 ysifiajv izsXEvra ovzog xal rqizov hog r^ 
fToX«juqp izeXevza rcpds ov Oovxv8i8t^g ^vviyQaipEv. 



LIB. III. CAP. I — III. 123 



r. 

I. Tov d' iTnytyvofitvov d^tgovg TleloTTOvvr^aioi y,ai, ol Ji'/z/iot 
jfof cifia tm aiTcp aniidKovn eargaTevaav eg ttjv 'ATtixr^v riysizo 
ds avzav ^^Q)^idafiog 6 Zsv^idafiov ^axedatfiovimv ^aGiXevg. ncu 
iyxa&e^ofisvoi iSfiovv rrjv ytjv' aai nQOG^oXai, mansQ em&eaav, 
iyfyvovTO rav ^Ax^rivamv iTZTztcov ont] naQeixoi, aal zov nleiaiov 
ofAiXov zcov ipiXav eiQyov to ^r] TTQoe^wvzag zav onXcov tol lyyvg 
z'ljg TzoXscog naxovQyeTv. 2. ififieivavtsg ds iqovov ov tliov zee ai- 
Tia ai'E'/^coQt^aav aai disXvO'Tjaav ^.aia TZoXeig. 

II. Met a Be rTjv ia^oX^v zmv TleXoTTOvnjaiojv avOvg Ata^og 
nXijv ])It]dvfiV7]g a7T8(jTT] an ^A^r^voLixav, §ovXr]dtvTsg fisv ycal Tzgh 
TOV noXefj-ov, aX)! ol AansdaiiiGnoi ov nQOGsds^avzo, avayaaad^iv- 
zsg ds aal zavzriv Z7]v anoazaaiv tzqozsqov ^ disvoovvzo Tioujaa- 
aOat. 2. ZMV zs yccQ Xifitfojv zriv x^aiv, aai zeii^v oiHod6fir]6iVf 
Kai veav noiriaiv snsiisvov zeXsaOrjvaif xai o(j*^ ix zov Uovzov sSei 
aq,r/.kG&aij zo'E,6zag zs y,ai gTzov, y.ai a fiezansfiTzofisvoi Ijaav. 
3. Tsvtdioi yccQ ovzeg avzoTg didcfogoi, aal Mridvixvaloi, y.a\ avzmv 
MvziXr]V(U(av Idia ardQsg y.aza azdaiv, ttqo^evoi 'A{}rjvaio3v, fxrjvv- 
zal yiyvovzai zoTg 'A^rjvaioig ozi ^vpoixi^ovai zs zi]v Asa^ov sg 
zrjv MvziXi]vrjv j3/«, xai zijv 7iaQaaxEvt]v dnaaav fxsza AaxEdai(xo- 
n'cov aai Boicozoov, ^vyysvav bvzojVj ini dnoozdasi snsiyovzai' '/.at 
el fif] zig 7TQ0xazaX7]\pEzai fidtj, azeqriaea&ai avzovg Atff^ov. III. 
ol d^ 'A&7]vaTo(, ijaav yuQ rszaXai7Z(aQ7]fitvot vno zs ztjg v66ov x«J 
zov TioXsfzov dqzi yax^iazaiitvov yai dxfAci^ovzog, ^syci i^sv SQyov 
riyovvzo elvai Ato^ov 7TQ0677oXE{Ac6aaai}ai vavztxov eiovaav na\ 
bvrafiiv dyjQaioVy aai ov'a aTtedsx^ovzo ttqoozov zag xaz7]yoQiagy 
fiei^ov intQog vsfiovzeg «a) ^tj ^ovXea&ai dXr^x^rj elvai' STzeidrj ^t'v- 
zoi KOI miixpavieg TTQsa^sig om 'insiOov zovg MvziXt^vaiovg zrjf> 
zs ^vvovATiaiv yai zt^v rraQaaxsvijv diaXvsiVj Ssicjavzeg nqoxazaXa- 
^eTv (( ovX^vzo. 2. yal ns^Tzovaiv e^anivauog zsadagdy.ovza vavg^ 
at tzv)^ov neqi TleXoTzorvijaov TiaQsayevaafisvai nXeiV KXeinnidqg 
ds 6 /Isiviov ZQiTog avzog eezQaz^ysi. 3. EOjyytX&r] yag avzoTg 
(og siq ^AnoXXmvog MaXosvzog s^co zrjg noXscog soqzjJj ev y navdri- 
usi MviiXjivaioi ioQzd^ovai, aai eXnida ehai eneii&svzag eninsasif 



124 ooTiCTJiJor ATrrPAams. 

acpvco, nai rjv (isv ^vy^^ rj TZSiQa, d ds fxi\y MvTihjvaiotg sinsTv vavg 
IE fzaQadovpai y.al tei'/jj y.adeluv, fxi] TtEi&Ofitrcav ds 7io7,£fiEiv 
4. -AUf. at (JLtv r7]sg chyovzo ' zag ds rmv MvzilrivaiGJV dexa TQu'-QSigy 
ac 'Irvyov ^ori&oi naqa acpug 'Aaia to ^vi^i[iayr/.ov naQOvaai, xazt- 
ayov ol 'A&i]vaioi 'Aai xovg ardgag i^ aviav ig q)vXay.i^v bttoi^- 
(javio. 5. JoTg 8s Mvnlr^vaioig avr^g in zav 'A&tjvav dia^ag ig 
Ev^oiav, nod tts^i] btzI FsQaiGzov sXd^mv, olxddog avayofJiEVJjg im- 
Tvycov, ttAqj ■)^Qijadix£i'ogj xai ZQizaiog iy. zojv 'A&^vav ig MvziX^vr^p 
u(prA6fi£rogf dyyEXXsi zov iTiinXovv. 6. ol 8s ovze ig zov BlaXoEvza 
Et,ri)Mov, zd ZE aXXa zav zeixojv koi Xijxepcov tzeqI za qfiiz iXsaT a 
q'Qa^dfXEVOL iifvXaaGor. IV. xal ol 'A&rjvaioi ov ttoXv vgzeqov 
yazanlEvaavzEg cog icogoaVf dTztjyyEiXav fxsv ol azqazrjyol za iizE- 
GzaXfiEva, ovx iaanovovzcov 8s zav MvziXijvaimv ig TzoXEfiov ya\}i- 
Gzavzo, 2. dnaQdoy^Evoi 8e ol Mvzi7.7]vaioi nal i'^aicpvrjg dvayy.a- 
a&EvzEg noXEfzEiv, eatiXovv [j.ep ziva inoi'qGavzo zmv ve^v cog inl 
rai'i-iayia oXiyov nqo zov Xifxivog, msiza yazadicoy&Evzsg vno 7o5> 
\4xziy.mv i>E^v Xoyovg ?j8r] nQOGE(^EQOv zoig azgazr^yoig, ^ovXofJiE- 
roi zag vavg zo TraQavzixa, ei 8vvaivzo, hfioXoyln zivi iniEtxEL dno- 
TiEfxxpaa&ai. 3. y.ai ol azgazr^yoi. zav 'A&r^vaicov d7ZE8t%avTO, aal 
avToi cpo^oviiEvoi 111] oil l^^'^oi coat yfta^cp Tidaij 7toXE(iEiv. 4, y,a\ 
dvay,coyJ]v nonjadfiEvoif nifinovGiv ig zag 'A&tjvag ol MvTiXtjvaioi 
zav ZE 8ia§aXX6vT(ov Eva, cp fxEzs^EXsv 7]8t]j ya\ dXXovg, ei nag ttel- 
tsEiav zag vavg (ItzeI.&elp, cog cqwv ov8sp fscozEQiovvzcov. 5. i.n 
zovzcp 8e dnoazEXXovoi y,ai ig zj]v jiay.E8aiu.ovd nQsa^Eig zqu'^qei, 
Xad^opzsg zo zap 'A&tjvaicop ravziyov, ol coQf^ovv iv z\] Malta 
TXQog ^OQEav z7jg noXscog' ov yag iniazEvov zoTg aTzo zap ^Ax}tj~ 
vaicov Tigoyoag/j^EiP. 6. yai ol fisr ig zi]v AayE8aiiiOpa zaXamco- 
Qcog 8ia zov TZEXdyovg yofiiad^EPTEg avzoig sngaaGov onag zig ^oi]- 
x}Eia Ji^Ei. V. ol 5' in zojv ^AOrivav ngEG^Eig cog ov8ep riXOov 
fzgd^apzEg, ig 7t6Xe[xop yad^iGzarzo ol MvnXr]vaioi yal ij dXXri 
AtG^og TzXr^v Mi]x)vfA.PTjg' ovzoi 8e zoTg ^ A^i}vaLOig i^E^OTjOrjxEGai 
yai "Jp^giot y.al Aijfirioi y.al zav dXXav oXiyoi zivlg ^vfi^idycop. 
2. yai tho8ov ^itp zipa Tzavdtj^Ei inou]Gavzo ol MvziXr^vaToi ini 
zo zav ' A&iipaicop Gzgazonsdov^ 'Aai fidyi] iyipsTJ, ip rj ovx sXaa- 
GOV 'iyovzEg ol MvziXj'^paToi ovte E7n]vXiGavzo ovze etzigzevgccv G(fi' 
Hv avzoTg, dXX dvsycogrjGav ' 3. 'inEiza ol fih ijGvya^oVf ex IJeXo' 



LIB. III. CAP. VI — VIII. 125 

Tzorrrjaov y.ai fiEi aXXrjg TzaQaaHSVTJg ^ovXofzsvoi, el TtQoayivoiro ri, 
aivdvvsvEiv. 4. nai yaq avzoTg MeXtag Adacov aqjiavEiTai not 'Eq 
f.iaic6v8ag Qri^aiog, ol nQoanEarakriGav [iEv trig arzoGTciaEcogf qid^d' 
aai ds oh dvvdfiEvoi rov rmv ^ A&rivaicov ImnXovv HQvqja fierce trjv 
fid)^i]v vGTEQOv hanXEOvoi tqitiqei, y^ai naqr^vovv nt'iinEiv TQiri^rj dX- 
Xrjv nal TJQEG^Eig }iEif iavTOJv' aai kxTtsfiTZOvaiv. YI. ot ds'A&tj- 
vaioi noXv ETziQocoo&EvtEg did rriv tmv WlvtiXrivaicov iiGvyiav ^vfi- 

fid'/^OVg 7S TTQOGEiidXoVVy ol TToXv dd(J(JOV TZaQTJaaV OQODVTSg ovdEV 

laXVQOv dno lav Aec^lguv, v.ai TZEQiOQfiiadfXEvoi to TZQog votov trig 
TtoXscog EtEiiiaav aTQCizoTZEda dvo ExaTEQcoOsv ztjg noXEfog, xc«« rovg 
hq:6Qfxovg iri dixqjottQOig roTg Xifiiaiv etzoiovvto. 2. aai Ttjg fxsv 
■&aXdaa7]g EiQyov fit] '^Qljadai rovg Mvti7.7]vaiovgj Tjjg de yljg Tjjg 
usv dXXr/g hy^Qdrovv ol MvziXrjvaToL Tiui ot dXXoi Aia^ioi ttqog^e- 
^OTjd^rjKozEg i]dt], zo ds tteqI zd azgazoTZEda ov noXv xazEr/^ov ol 
^A&7]vaToi, vavozad^ixov ds [idXXov yv avzoTg nXoicov y,aL dyoqdg ij 
BlaXta. aai zd filv tzeqI M.vziXi^vj]v ovzoig h^oXEfisTto. 

VII. Kazd ds 7 0V avzov iqovov zov d^sQOvg zovzov ^AO-r^raToi 
y.ou eg TIeXottovvtigov ravg dnEGZEiXav ZQidxovza xal ^ Agcotziov zov 
QiQQlumvog GZQaz7]y6vy nEXEVGavzayv 'AxaQvdvosv zmv (PoQfuoovog 
ziva oqjiGi. 7Z8fi\pai rj vlbv t] ^vyyEvrj aQ^orza. 2. nai naQanXsovGai 
at vrjeg ztjg AaaoDviHTJg zd mi&aXdGGia x^Qia. inogd^riGav. 3. etiei- 
za zdg [xsv TiXsiovg dnonsiinEi zav vsmv ndXiv In oikov 6 'Agojtti- 
og, avzog 5' t/av dadsaa dcprAvsTzai ig NavTzaHZOVy 4. xat vgzeqov 
^A'Aaqvavag dvaGzrJGag Travdrj^iEi, GZQazEVEi ett Oinddag, aal zaig 
zs vavGl y.azd zhv 'Ay^EXmov etiXevge y.ai 6 xazd yHjv Gzqazog idiQOv 
zijv ji^coqav. 5. mg 5' ov jiQOGEicoQovVy zov fisv tte^ov dqiitjGiv, av- 
zog 8s nXsvaag ig Asv^dda, xa) dno^aGiv ig N^qixov 7toi7]GdfiEvog, 
dva^coQav diacpx^EiQEzai avzog zs aai zljg Gzgazidg zi fiSQog vno 
zcjv avzod^Ev ZE ^vii^or]&T]Gdvz(x}v y.ai cpQOVQav zivcov oXiyoDv. 6. 
aal VGZEQOV vnoanovdovg zovg vsyQOvg dnonXEVGavzEg ol 'A&r^vaioi 
Tzagd zoov Asv^adicov iaofxiGavzo. 

YIII. Ol ds im zTjg nqcozTjg vEojg ixTZEfiqjd^Evzsg MvziX7]vaio!)v 
noEG^Eig, (og avzoTg ol AaHsdaifiovioi eittov ^OXvfiTzial^e TzaqEivaif 
OTiojg xai ol dXXoi ^vfifia^oi daovGavzeg ^ovXsvGcovzaij dcpixvovV' 
zai is tr^v 'OXvfiTriav ' 7jv ds 'OXvunidg rj JcyiQiEvg 'Podiog zo dsv* 



126 ooTKrjiJor ATrrPA^ms. 

tBQOv hUct. x«t ETiaidrj nerk t^v iooTtjv ^aTioT^cat sg loyovi 
klnov joidde. 

IX. T^ fASv xaOeaTog tolg "EU.r^at v6iA.ifxov, co cadQeg ^ane 
batjAovioi y>a\ ^vfifiaxoi, lafiev rovg yag acfiataiiiiovg iv toTq 
7io)JfAOis y.al ^vfijiaiiav rtjv tzqIv anoXEinovTag ol de^ufievoi 'AaO- 
oaov 118V mq^^sXovviaiy iv rjdovTi ex^vai, vofiii^ovzeg 8s thai TZQodo- 
Tag Twv 7TQ0 Txrv (fiXcov y^eiQOvg ijyovvrai. 2. icai ova ud:'<og 
uvTT] i) a^imolg bgtiVj si jvxoisv ngog dXX/jXovg ot re aq^iazafierot, 
HOI acp cov diaxoiPoivTO looi fisv tij yvm^i] ovTsg xal svvoin, avjina- 
Xoi ds X1Q TiaQaaxsvrj xai dvvdfisi, nqocpaaig is snisvArig (.ir^dsfAia 
vnaQXOi Trig dnoaTdaecog' o 7]fuv xai ^A&^vaioig ovx 7]v. firjds 
TO) x^iQOvg do^cofisv shai si iv ti] siQijvi^ Tifio^fisvoi vtz avi(ov iv 
roTg dsivoTg dq}iaTd{A.s&a. X. tisqI yciQ tov diy.aiov y.ni dgerr^g 
TtQwrov, dl),(ag rs y,(U ^vfAfiayiag dsofisvoi, tovg Xoyovg TioujaofisOcty 
eidoTsg ovrs cfiXiav Idicozaig Bt'^aiov yiyvofisvijv ovzs xoivcovLav 
TzoXsatv ig ovdivy si firj fisz aQStrjg doy,ovaj]g ig dXXtjXovg yi- 
yvoivzo y.cii zdXXa ofioiozQOTZOi sJsv ' iv yocQ T(p dia7.Xd(jaorzi 
ztjg yv(6fir]g xal at diaqjogal zav 'iqycov aa&iazavzai. 2. ijfiiv 
ds xal ^A&rivaioig ^vfif^axia iyevszo ttqootov dnoXiTiovzcov fisv 
vfiav in zov Mridi'AOv fzoXiixov, TzaQafisivdvzcov ds ixstrcov TZQog 
za vnoXoina zmv sgycov. 3. ^vi^^iaxoi ^svzoi eysvofisOa ovx sni 
y,aza8ovX(aasi zav 'EXXr^rav ^^&t]vaioig, dXX' iii iXsv&SQcoast 
dno zov Mijdov zotg '^EXXt^ai. 4. y.ai ^it'yQi fxsv diio zov laov 
i]yovvzo, TZQO&vficag slnoiisd^a' i/zsid)} ds sg)q6o[xsv avzovg z}]r (.dv 
zov Mrjdov s/^i^Qav dviivzag^^ zi^v 8s zav ^vfifid^cov dovXcoaiv 
inayoiiivovg, ova ddssTg sz:, r^fisv. 5. ddvvazoi ds ovzsg xa{y' tv 
y'svofisroi did 7ToXv\pf]<j;iav dfivvaaOai ol ^vf*fxayoi. idovXm&t^aav 
nXijv riiAoov y.a\ Xi(ov ' 6. ^fisTg ds avzovonoi dtj ovzsg xai iXsv- 
OsQoi z^ ovofiazi ^vvsazQuzsvaafisv. aal niazovg ovxszt erxo^tsv 
fiysfiovag '^Orjvaiovgy mtQadsiyfiaai zoTg TiQoyiyvofiivoig ygcofisvoi ' 
oh ydq styog Jjv avzovg, ovg fisv fis& rjfi^v ivanovdovg snoi^oavzOj 
HazaazQtxpaaxyai, zovg ds vnoXolnovgy sitiots dga idvvij&rjaav, furj 
dqdaai zovzo. XI. xat si fisv avzovofioi szi rjfisv aizavzsg, 
Se^aiozsQOL dv ^fiiv ijoav fxr^dsv vsmzsomv ' vTioisiQiovg ds sy^ovzsg 
zovg TiXsiovg, ruiiv ds dno zov iaov biiiXovvzsg, yraXartcozsoov 
ioiozojg sfisXXov oi(Jsiv yal TTQog zb nXsXov f^di] slyov zov ijfisztQOV 



LIB. III. CAP. XII. XIII. 127 

sn fiovov avTiaovfitvov, aD^mg rs aai oacp dvvazcotEQoi avtot 
avz&v iyi^vovTO koI ijixeTg iQ7]fi67EQOi. to ds avriTtaXov dsog 
fiovov matov ig ^v(^fia](^iav' 6 yaq naqa^aivEiv ti ^ovlofiavog 7^ 
firj TTQofxojv av Ine'k&Hv aTZOJQtTZsrai. 2. avropofioi re iXEicp&tj- 
fz£v ov di alio Ti Tj cuov avroTg ig rrjv aQXf]v tvTTQETtSLa le loyov, 
yul yvcofiTjg ficillov iqjodcp ?] ia)(^vog t« nqdyfiata iq)aivETO naza- 
IrjTZTci. 3. afxa iilv yaq f^aQZVQicp Eiqmvto fir] av zovg ys laoxpTJ- 
(fovg uHovzag, eI fitj zi tjdixovv oJg STryEaav, ^vazgazsvEiv ' iv zco 
avz^ ds xal za vqaziaza. mi zs rovg vTZodsEazsgovg nqcozovg 
^vvETTtjyov, aal zee zElevzaTa ImovzEg, rov dllov nEQi^qrifiEvoVy 
da&EvtazEQCt sfXEllov e^eiv. eI ds aq) Tjfioov r^Q^avzOj i^ovzcov kzi 
tojv Tzdvzmv avzSv zs la^vv aal nqog o,zl xQV czrivaif om av 
Ofxoimg i)^EiQ(6aavzo. 4. z6 zs vavzixov rifiojv naQEt'^E ziva cpo^ov, 

lATl 7I0Z8 XaO^ EV ySVOfXEVOV, 7J VfUV 7] allq> ZCp 7TQ0a&EfA.EV0V, 'Aivdv- 

vov acpiai naqdai^ ' 5. za ds xal dno ■^Eqansiag zov zs noivov 
avzcQV nal zav dsl nQOsazcozcav nEQiEyiyvoiAsOa. ov fxivzoi sni 
nolv y dv idoxovfiEV dvv7]&r]va(, si fir] 6 nolsfxog ods yiazsaztjj 
naqadsiyiiaai ^^QcofiEvoi zoTg ig zovg dllovg. XII. zig ovv avzij rj 
q)ilia iyiyvEZO ^ ilEV-&EQia niGzriy iv y naqa yvafji^v dllrilovg 
VTZEdsxofiS&a, >tal ol (isv Tjfxdg iv zco Tzolifiq) dsdiozEg i&EQdnEvoVy 
fjfiEig ds ixsivovg iv zy rjav)(^ia zo avzo inoioviiEv ' o zs zoig alloig 
fidhaza Evvoia niaziv §£^aioTj rjfxiv zovzo 6 cpo^og iyvQov TzaQsTis' 
dhi zs zo Tileov i} cpilia y.azEi6ixEvoi ^vfiixa)(^oi ijfiev ' jioi, oTtoztQCig 
•ddaaov TraQaa'/^ot, daq)dlEia d^agaog, ovzoi tiqozeqol zi xai Tzaqa- 
pi^asa&aL Efisllov. 2. coazs si zcp doxovfisv ddixEiv nqoanoazdv- 
zsg did zr^v iyMvcov fxtllrjaiv zmv ig rjfidg dsivav, avzol ovx 
dvzavafXEivavzEg aaqiojg sldtvat si zi avzav kazai, ov>i oq&wg 
6y.07iEi. 3. El ydq dvvazo\ ijfxsv in zov iaov aai dvzEni^ovlEvaai xcc/ 
dvzijisllijaai, zi Edsi f]fidg in zov ofioiov in' insivoig slvai; in 
insivoig ds ovzog dsl zov imisiqEXv aai iq) TjfiTv slvai dsl zo Tiqoa- 
{ivvaa&ai. 

XIII. Toiavzag 'ij^ovzEg nqoqidaEig aai alziag^ co Aay.Edatfx6' 
noi v,a\ ^vfjifxaxoi, dnsozTjfisv, caqtEig fisv zoig dnovovai yvmvai 
mg EiKOZtog idqdaafisv, laavdg ds 7]fidg i'Ac^o^ljaai aal nqog 
daqidlsidv ziva zqiipai, ^ovloiiivovg fisv y,ai ndlaij ozs hi iv zy 
uqi^vrj i7iE[A.\pa[iEv oo^ v[idg nsqi dnoazdascog, vfxoov ds ov nqoa' 



128 eoTKTJiJor ^rrrPA(i>H2'. 

dsl^aficvcov acoXvO^htag ' vvv 5« in:Eid)] Boicoroi nQOVHaXiaavTOj sv 
-O^vg v7T}]xovGafi£v, aai ivo^iXo^sp aizoGT^Gsa&ai diTiXT^v anoaiaaiVi 
ano te rav 'EXX/jvcov firj ^vv Ka'AoJg Tzomv avzovg fXEz '^&7jpai(0Vf 
aXXa ^vnXev&EQOvv, and te '^&i]vaicov fxrj avzol diaqj&aQijvai 
vn EHeivcav iv vcteqcOj alXa nQonoilqaai. 2. 7/ fiEvioi anoGTaaig 
Tlliav -daaaov yByivrirai xat anaQccT/.svog ' ^ yial ^mXXov XQh ^^t*' 
fid'/^ovg ds^afXEvovg ij^ag dice ja/Jcop ^oij^Eiav aTzouTtXXEir, ha 
qaivrio&E u[A,vvovT£g zs olg d£t aal iv tq) avzm rovg noXEiiiovg 
^XaTTTOvTEg. 3. xaigog ds mg ovttco ttqoteqov. voacp ie yccQ 
Eqj&aQaTai ^A&rivaioi y.ai XQ^f^o^Tcov daTzdrri, vije'g ts avrolg at ^Iv 

TTEQl TtJV VfXETt'QaV ElGlVf at d' fQp' r^fllV tETCCyaTai, 4. COdTf ovx 

eiKog avzovg nEQiovaiav ve^v e/eiv, riv vfXEig iv tq) ^eqei T^ds 
vavai TE y.al nE^^ afxa iTiEa^dXr^TS to dEviEQOv' dXX jj v^tdg 
ovu dfivvovvrai E7iin7.EOvrag ij an df^qjOTEQcav dnoy(xiqii(SOvtai. 
5. vofiiay rs [xr^dEig dXXozQiag yrjg tzeqi oIxeiov mvdvvov e^eiv. q> 
yaQ doHEi (jiay.Qav dnEivai 7} Aia^og, zijv aKfiXEiav avzai iyyv&Ev 
naQE^Ei. ov yag iv 7^ '^zzmy Eozai 7i6XE[A,og wg zig oiEzaiy 
d7JXa di' Tjv 7] ^ydzztxt] (aqiEXElzai. 6. 'iazi dl zav )rQrjfxdzcov dno 
z^v ^viAfidyojv 7) TTQOGodog, 'Aol EZi [AEi^mv sazai, el Tjfjidg xaza- 
azQExpovzai' ovze yuQ dnoiSzr^aEzai dXXog zd ze Tji^izEQa Tzgoays- 
vriaEzaij nd&oijiiv z dv dEivozsQa ?} 01 nqiv dovXEvovzEg. 7. ^or]- 
{^riodvzcov ds vfiav Tzgo&vixojg noXiv ze nqooXrixpEa&E ravzi-AOV 
Eyovaav nhyuy ovtzeq vfxTv [idXiaza TzgoadEif ytai '^Or^vaiovg gdov 
xa&aiQ^6EZE vqjatQovvzsg avzav zovg ^vjufidyovg ' ■&QaavzEQOv 
yuQ Tzdg zig nQoaycogricsEzai' zriv zs aiiiav aTzoq^Ev^EG&E r^v ei'^ezs 
urj ^oi]&ETv zoig dqjiazafit'roig. 7]v 5' iXEv&EQOvvzEg cfaivtia^E, zo 
y.qdzog zov noXmov ^E^aiozEQOv e^eze. XIY. aiayvr&ivzEg ov* 
rdg TE zav ^EXX7]V(av ig vfidg iXTiidag nal /lia zov 'OXvfXTnoVj iv 
ov z(p lEQ^ laa i<al I'AEzai ia^iv, inafivvazE MvziXijvaioig ^vfAfxayoi 
yEvofXEvoij yai fij] ttqotjg&s 7j{idg, idiov fisv zov xivdwov zav aajfia- 
zcov TiaQu^aXXoiiivovgy koivijv da zijv ix zov yazogd^coaai (ogjiXsiav 
unaai daaovzag, szi ds xoivozigav zijv ^Xd^riVy eI fii] 7TEi6&evzcov 
vfiojv ag)aX7]66[iE&a. 2. yiyvEO&E ds drdgEg oIovgtieq v/idg 01 zs 
EXXr^vEg dt,iovaiy yai zo ti^ezeqov diog ^ovXEzai. 

XV. Totavza fisv 01 MvztX7]vaToi eitzov. 01 ds jtanEdaiftovioi 
va\ oi ^vfi{ia'/oi inEidrj yaovaavy TTQoadE^djxE^oi zovg Xoyovg^ |v/m- 



LIB. III. CAP. XVI. XVII. 129 

fidxovg IB tovg Jlsc^iovg Inoi^aavTO, aai trjv ig ri]v 'Aiziktjv 
ia^olijv toTg rs ^vfi{xd]^0(g naqovai v.axk idipg tq)Qa^ov Uvai ig 
zov lad^fiov roTg dvo fitQaaiv cog 7zoii]a6[A.Evoij 'nai avTol TZQ^toi 
dqjixovTO, xal Slxovg TzaQaaxsvai^op tcov vsojv iv t^ la&^^ ojg 
vTiEQOiaovreg ix zrjg Koqiv&ov eg rj]v ngog 'u^&ijvag -d^alaaaaf 
xai vavoi xai Tze^cp afza Eniovtag. 2, xai ol [xsv nqox^vfiong ravra 
InQaaGov ' ot ds dXXoi ^vfifia)(^oi ^Qadtoag is ^vvsltyovzOy xal h 
•Aaqnov ^vyxofiid)] i]<jav 'xal doQCoatia tov g7Q(xzsvsiv. 

XYI. AiG&o^avoi 8s avzovg ol ^A&rivaloi dia nazdyvaiaiv 
daO'sveiag acpojv TTUQaaxsva^ofAEvovg, dijXaaai ^ovlofxavoi ozi ovx 
oQ&ojg iyv(f)xa6tVy dlX oioi Z8 dai fitj ydvovvzsg zo Im Aaa^o;} 
vavzixov xai zo dno IleXo7iovv7]aov iniov Qadimg dfivreaO^aif 
iTzXiJQOJaav vavg exazov, ia^dvzsg avzoi zs 7iXf]v inntoav xai nevza- 
aoaiOfiEdiiivcov xai ol fiizoixoij nai naQcc zov lad^ov dvayayovzsg 
ETZidei^iv zs snoiovvzo xai dno^daeig z?jg JJelonovvriaov y doxot 
avzoig. • 2. ol ds yiaxadaifionoij 0Q(ovzeg nolvv zov naqdloyovy 
zd zs vno zav Asa^loav Qfjd^Evza rjyovvzo ovx dlrjOij, xal dnoqa 
vofAil^ovrsg, cog avzoTg aai ol ^vfifict)^oi afia ov Tzagljaav, xai 
riyyslXovzo xai al tzsqi zrjv TlaXonovvriaov ZQidxovta vT]sg zcov 
^Ad^rivalmv zrjv nSQioiXLda avzoov TJOQ&oixjai, dvs'/coQijGav In 
oixov. 3. vazsQOv ds vavzixov TiaQeaxsva^ov o,zi ni^xpovaiv ig 
zrjv Aia^ov,xai xazcc noXsig inriyysXlov TEaaaqdxovza vsoov 7iX7jOog, 
yMA vavaQXOv TTQOCStza^av 'AlxidaVf og sfisXXsv iniTzlsvaso&ai. 
4. dvsx(aQrj(yav ds aai ol Ad-rjvaToi zaTg ixazbv vavGir, STzeid^ij 
xal ixsivovg sidov. XYII. xai xaza zov XQOf^ov zoviov ov al 
vljsg snXsov sv zoig nXsTazai Srj vtjsg afi^ avzoTg iregyol xdXXsi 
iyspovzo, TtaQanXriQiai ds nai szi nXsiovg aQyofxivov zov noXs^ov. 
2. z^v zs yaQ ^Azzixi]v xai Ev^oiav xai ^aXaftiva ixazbv IcfvXaa- 
60V xa\ ttsqI JJcXoTTOvvriGOV ezsQai ixazbv Tjaav, x^QiS ds al tieq] 
IJozidaiav y.a\ iv zoTg aXXoig XonQioigj coazs al ndaai d{xa iyiyvov- 
ZO iv €v\ d^tQEi diaxoaiai xal Tzsvz^xovza. 3. xal zd XQVf^<^^<x, 
zovzo ^dXiaza vnavdXcoas fisza Tlozidaiag. z^v zs yaQ Uozidaiav 
didgaxuGi OTzXTzai iqtQOVQOvv, avz^ ydg 'xai VTzrjQtzrj dqaxfi^jv 
iXdn^avs zijg TjfiiQag, zqiaxiXioi fisv ol ttqojzoi, mv ovx iXdaaovg 
diSTZoXioQurjaav, i^axoaioi ds xai x^^ioi fxszd 0oQfxioovog, ol ttqo' 
iCTitjX&ov ' vrjis TS al rdaai zov avzbv fiiad^bv sxpsqov. 4. za fisv 



130 ooTKrJiJor AirrPA^H^. 

ovv XQW^^^ ovTcog v/ravalco&tj ib nq^zov, k«£ vHisg zoaavTai d) 
7T).H6Tai InlriQoodriaav. 

XVIII. 3IvziXt]vaioi ds xara tov avzov )[o6vov ov ol ylaxtdah 
uovioi negl tov la&fiov I^aav, im M^O^vfAvav, wg 7ZQodidof.itv7JVj 
^.aTQUTevaav xara yr^v, avToi te nai ol ettihovqoi' aal TZQOG^aXov- 
tsg 77J Tzoleiy ineidrj ov TzgoyxfOQEi ^ TTQOdsdtxovTO, anijlOov in 
AvTiacjTjg nai FIvQQag 'Aai 'Egsaaov, nal naTaaiTjadfievoi ra Iv zaig 
7oXeac zavTaig ^e^aioieQa, nai TSipj yQaTvvavzsg did zd^ovg dm]X- 
^ov in oixov. 2. iargdzevaav da y,ai ol Blrj&vfivaioL dva^rnQfj- 
jdvzcov avzcov in "Avzia-cFav xal itt^oijO^eiag zivog yevo/xevT^g tiXi]- 
ytvzsg V7Z0 ze zoop 'Avziaaaioov xal zojv ininovqmv dni&avov zs 
nolXoi y.ai dvexcjQr^aav ol Xoinoi aazd zd^pg. 3. ol h\ 'Ad^jpaioi 
nvv&avo(iEvoi zavza, zovg ze MvziX?ivaiovg ZTJg yijg xgazovvzag 
xai zovg aqjEziqovg azgazicazag oi'x Ixavovg ovzag elgyeiVj nifi- 
TiovGi nEQi zo cpx^ivoncoQOv ij8>] aQ^o^evov Tla'/jiza zov 'Ettixovqov 
azgazrjyoVj xat i^liovg bnXlzag savzav. 4. ol ds avzegszai nXev- 
cavzEg z(hv veiav dq)txvovvzai xal nEQiTeixlt,ovai MvziXrivT^v iv xv- 
xXci) dnX^ ZHxW q)QOVQia ds saziv ol im zmv xaQzsQcov iyxazcpxo- 
dofATjzai. 5. xal 71 fisv MvziXijvrj xazd xqdzog ridij dfxq)OTtQ(o&Ev 
xal ix yjjg xal ix d-aXdaar^g sigyszo, xal 6 x^iji^v riQiszo yiyvsc&at. 

XIX. TlQoadsoiiSvoi ds ol 'A&r]vaioi ygr^fidzcov ig zi/v tzoXioo- 
xiavj xal avzol iasvsyxovzsg zozs ttqoozov ioqjoqdv diaxoaia zdXav- 
zay i^tTTSfixpav xai ini zovg ^vfAf^dyovg dgyvgoXoyovg ravg dcodsxaj 
xai AvcixXia, nsfinzov avzov azgazijyov. 2. 6 ds dXXa zs ijgyv- 
QoXoysi xal TTsgiinXsi, xal ztjg Kagiag ix Mvovvzog dva^ag dice 
zov Maidrdgov nsdiov f^sygi zov J^ardiov X6q:ov, ini&siisvmv zav 
Kagav xal ^Avaaz^Vj avzog zs diaqj&sigezai, xal zjjg dXXrjg azga- 
zidg TToXXoi. 

XX. Tov 5' avzov yeifiarog ol UXazaitjg, sti yag iTToXiog- 
xovvzo vno zap IIsXoTiovvTjaicov xa] Boimzav, insid)] zw zs cizc* 
iniXmovzi inist,ovzo, xal dno zmv 'A&t]vav ovdsfiia iXnlg j]v zi- 
ficogiag, ovds dXXij acozr]gia icpaivszo, ini^ovXsvovGiv avzoi zs xa} 
'Ad^ijvaicov ol ^vfi7Zo7uogxovfisvoi ngazov fiav ndvzsg i^sX&siv xa] 
V7zsg§7]vai za zsiy?] zmv TzoXsfiimv, 7]v dvpcovzai ^iduaad^ai, iarjyij' 
aafisvov zr^v nsTgav avzoig Qsaivtzov zs zov ToXfiidov drdgog /xdv^ 
zeojg xal Emofinidov tov /iai'fidyov, og xal iazgazriysi ' 2. snsiza 



LIB. III. CAP. XXI. XXII. 131 

01 (i€v tjfiiOEis a7T(6y,v7jaav TToog rov aivdvvov, [isyav ijyTjddfiSvoi, eg 
da avdQag SiaHOciovg nai eixoai fidXiaTa ivsfiaivav ty s'^odc^ i&e- 
Xovtai TQonq^ roimde. 3. iiX([ucvAag ETzoujaavzo laag rep teiiei row 
noXeiiicov ' ^vvafxEZQ^aavro ds raig im^olalg r^v nXivd^mv, y tTv^s 
rrgog aqjdg ova i^aXT^Xififxtvov rb rer/^og aviojv. 7]Qi0^fiovvro ds 
noXXoi afia rag ini^oXdg, aai tixsXXov ol fisp rivsg dfiaQzi'^aeaO^aij 
01 ds nXsLovg rsv^Ea&at rov dXr^d^ovg XoyiaiioVy dXXmg rs aai noX- 
Xdxig dQiO(A.ovvrEg, xal dfia ov noXv dniyovrEg, dXXd Qadiag xcc^o- 
QOJf^evov Eg o e^ovXovzo rov rsi^ovg. rj]v [4,ev ovv ^vfi[iEtQi]aiv rojv 
aXtfidnoov ovrcag tXa^ov, ex rov Tzd/^ovg rtjg ttXiv&ov Eixdaavrsg ro 
IxEZQov. XXI. ro ds rEiyog 7]v rojv IlEXoTiovvj^aioiv roiovds ry 
olxodo^/jGEL Ei)^s fisv dv^o rovg TZEQi^oXovg, TTQog rs nXaraiojv aai 
si rig E^co&Ev an ^y^d^?]v6jv inioi, diEiyov ds ol tzeqI^oXoi say.aidEna 
Tzodag /jidXiara dri dXXriXcav. 2. ro ovv fisra^v rovro, ot ixxai- 
Ssxa Tzodsgj roTg q)vXa^iv oiti^fiara diavEVEfxruAEva (axodofiyro, aai 
r^v ^vrE)(^ij aars ev qjaivsa&ai rsT^og na'p ETzdX^sig ejov dfiqiortQco- 
dsv. 3. did dtxa ds ETzdX^EOJv nvQyoi r^aav fisydXoi aat iaonXarEig 
T^) rsr/^Eij di^xovrsg sg rs rb Eam fiETOJTZOv avrov aai ol avroi xai ig 
rb t^fti, (aars ndqodov {xy sJvai naqa Tzvqyov, dXXa dC avrojv [iS- 
tscov diysaav. 4. rag ovv vvxrag, bnors y^Enimv euj vorsgog, rag 
fiEv ETtdX^Eig dnsXEinov, ek ds rav nvQymv bvrcov dt' oXtyov xai 
di'coOEv GTsyavaw, rijv gjvXay.riv etzoiovvto. ro fisv ovv rsT'^og (ji 
TTEQiEcpQOVQOvvzo ol IIXaTaitjg roiovrov r^v. XXII. ot d\ ETiEidij 
TiaQEOKEvaaro avroTg, rr^Qrjaavrsg vvxra ^ehjieqiov vdari aai avEfiqi 
xai afia das'Xijvov i^ysaav' ijyovvro ds oItteq nai ryg TZSiQag airioi 
Tjaav. y.al Tzgarov fisv ryv rd^qov diE^r^aav y tteqieTiev avrovg, 
ETZEira fTgoGEfxi^av tq) rsr/^Ei r^v noXs^icov Xa&ovrsg rovg cpvXaxag^ 
did rb GHorEivbv fiev ov nQoidovzcov aviaVy 'ipocfcp ds r^ eh rov 
TiQoaibvai avrovg dvrinarayovvrog rov dvsfiov ov 'AaraxovaavrmV 
2. d^a ds ical diE'/^ovtsg ttoXv ysaav, onoag rd onXa fxr] nQovofXEva 
HQog dXXyXa aiad^Tjaiv naQEyoi. ijaav ds svaraXsig rs ry onXiasi, 
not rov dqiarEgbv noda fxovov vnodsdEiiEvoi, daqiaXsiag Evsaa rrjg 
'TTQog rop 7i7]X6v. 3. xard ovv (jiEranvgyiov TrgocEfiiayov ngbg rag 
indX^Eig, EidoTsg on tQijfxoi slaiy TTQoorov [xsv ol rdg y>Xi\uayag qis- 
QOVTsg Kol TZQoatd^saav' tizEira xpiXol doidsxa ^vv ^ufid-im aai x^w- 
qaxi dvE^aivov, wv r^ysTto ^Au^mg 6 Koqoi§ov y.ai nqoirog dvt§q, 



132 eOTKTzilJOT ATrrPA^JI2. 

usTcc 6« ciVTOv ol inofiEvoi f | i(p txdreQov zav nvQycav av^j^aivop 
meaa xpiXoi aXloi fisia rovrovg ^vv doQUTioig i^caQOvVj oig eiEQOi 
xazoTTiv Tag aanidag eqjSQOv, OTZCog inuvoi qaov TZQoa^aivoiEV, aai 
SfislXov d(6GEiv 0710 TE Tzoog ToTg Tioleixioig Eii]6av. 4. cog ds avco 
TrXsiovg iyEvovTO, ria&ovTO ol en rav nvQymv qjvXaxEg' y.aie^als 
yuQ tig lav nXazaiav avzilafA^avofiEvog ano rav etzcH^ecov xequ- 
(ii8a, 7] TTEaovan dovnov EuolriaE. 5. xat aviixcc ^ot] 7jVj to 5« 

(TTQaTOTTEdoV ETZl TO TEl/^Og (OQfXrjUEV' OV yOLQ ydsi 0,71 TjV 70 8eIV0V 

G)i07smjg vv>i7og aai '/^Ei^mvog ov7og, aai cifia ol iv t^ tzoXei 7wv 
nXa7aiav vTzoXEXEifAfitvoi i^EX&6v7Eg nQoat^aXov 7^ 7ei)^Ei tmv 
nsXoTiovvrjaicov in 70vn7iaXiv tj ol avdgE^g avtav vTZEQE^aivov, oncog 
iiy.iara nqog avtovg 7ov vovv e)[Oiev. 6. e&oqv^ovvto fisv ovv y.UTa 
1(OQav [A.8vov7eg, ^orj&tTv ds ovdslg izoXfia eh zrjg iavTcov (fvXax-ijg, 
dX)^ iv dnoQoi riaav Eixdaai to yiyvofXEvov. 7. not ol 7QiaH6aioi 
avTOJVj oig EiE7ay,70 7TaQa^07]&Eiv ei 7i dsoi, e'^wqovv e^oh zov zei- 
lovg fiQog 7t]v ^oijv. cpQVHToi 7£ yQOVTO Eg tag Oij^ag tzoXeixioi' 
naoavlay^ov ds y.ai ol ex ztjg noXscog THatairig dno tov zsixovg 
qiQvxrovg noXXovg, ttqoxeqov naQEGXEvaG^ivovg ig avzo tovto, 
oTzcog daaqfri tcc 6t]^Eia zrjg qsQVAZOQiag 7oTg noXsuloig ij xai fitj 
^ori&OLEv, dXXo 71 voiii(jav7£g to yiyvofiEvov ehai t] ro ov, tzqiv aqim 
ol dvdQEg ol i^i6v7Eg diaqjvyoisv nai 70v dacpaXovg dvziXd^oivzo 
XXIII. ol 5' vTiEQ^aivovzEg zav TlXazaimv iv zovzcp, cog ol TiQm- 
701 avzcov dvadE^ijyEaav yai zov nvQyov sxazEQOV zovg cpvXaxag dia- 
q){^EiQavzEg EXEyQaztjxsaaVj zdg ze di68ovg zmv nvQyav ivazdvzsg 
avzol iq}vXaaaov fitjdtva 8i' amojv im^ori^EiVj xai yXifxaxag ttqog- 
{^tvzsg dno zov ZEi^ovg zoTg nvQyoig xai inava^i^daavzEg dvdQug 
nXsLOvg, ol fisv dno zojv nvQycov zovg Ent^o7]\}ovvzag nai xdzoorycv 
xai dvco&Ev Eioyov ^dXXovzsg, ol 5' iv zovzca, ol nXsiovg, noXXcxg 
nQoaOivzEg yXi^axag dfxu, xai zdg indX^Eig dncaaavTsg, dia zov 
uEzanvQyiov vnEQt^aivov. 2. 6 ds diayo^i^oiievog ati lazazo etii 
zov '^EiXovg ZTjg zdqiQOV, yai iv7Ev&Ev izcl^svov zs xai rjycvzi^cv, ti 
zig naQa^ot]&ojv nagd zo zsT^og xcoXvzrjg yiyvoizo zijg dta^aaEoyg. 
3. ins] ds ndvzsg dtsnEnEQaicovzo, ol dno z^v nvgymvy istXs'img oi 
zsXevzaToi, xaza^aivovzEg i)(^c6Qovv inl zr/v zuq:Q0v, yci' f^ zovrqi 
ol zQiaxouioi avzoig insqjtgovzo XufA.nddag r/ovzEg. 4. a/, fisv ovf 
nXazaujg ixsivovg scopoiv fxuXXov in zov axozovg, ifjzoc a.g sni zot 



LIB. III. CAP. XXIV. XXV. 133 

IstXovg trjg tdqQOVj yiai sto^svov ts xat i<srjx6vTi^ov sg to. yvfiva, 
avTol ds iv zm acpavei ovreg iioaov dia rag Xafindbag itaOeoiQojvzOy 
5. wcrrs qjx^dvovai tav THaraimv aai ol varaTOi dia^dvzsg rrjv 
rdqjQOv, laXenag bl y^al §iaio)g ' XQvaiaXXog re yccQ tnam'iyei ov 
^t'^atog iv aviy aai insX^eTv, aXX o'log aTUjlicorov ti ^oqeov vda- 
Tc6dr]g ixdlXoVy yiai rj vv^ toiovtcxi dvsfxo) vTzovEiopo^itvi] noXv ro 
vdcoQ iv avTxi iTtenoiriKEij o fioXig vnEQiy^ovieg iTTSQaico&TjGav. iys- 
VETO ds Hal Tj didq)sv^ig avtoTg ^dXXov did tov leijimvog to fisys* 
x)^og. XXIV. OQjiriaavTEg ds aTzb Tfjg idcpQOv ol nXaraiijg, i^co- 
Qovv d&Qooi TTjv ig Q/j^ag rpiqovaav 686v, iv de^ia f/ovTsg to tov 
'u4vdQ0XQdT0vg 7]Qmov, vo^i^ovTsg 7]xiuTa ccpag TavTr]v avzovg vtzo- 
TOTiTJaai TQania&ai tijv ig Tovg TzoXefiiovg' y.ai a^ia sagmv Tovg 
TltXoTiovvijaiovg tijv TZQog Ki&aiQava aal /iqvog nsq)aXdg, Tt]v in 
'^d^Tjvojv qjioovaav, (XEtd XufiTzddcov dicoKovrag. 2. ^di im f4sv Ǥ 
?} sTZTa Gtadiovg ol nXaTairjg tijv im zmv Qrj^mv iicoQ^aav, etzei^ 
v7Z06TQ8\pavTEg Y^Ecav zr^v TTQog TO oQog cptQOvaav odovy ig 'EQv&Qag 
y.ai 'Taidgy xai Xa^o/AEvoi tcov oq^v diacpEvyovaiv ig Tag ^A&rjvagy 
dvdQEg dadsaa aai diaxoaioi dno tzXeiovcov ' ehl ydq Tivsg avT^v 
ol dnETQanovTO ig 7t]v noXiv tzqiv vnEQ^aiv-EiVy eig 5' im ttJ e^ou 
Tdq^Qop TO^oTtjg sXrjq)&7j. 3. ol fiEV ovv IJeXottovvi^gioi ttazd icoqav 
iyivovTO Trjg ^OTjdsiag Tzavadfisvoi ' ol 5' ix Trig TzoXscog IV.aTaiijg 
Tav fiEV yEyEvijiisrav EidotEg ovdiv, T(hv ds dTtOTQaTzofiivcov aqilaiv 
dnayyEiXdvTOJv d)g ovdstg tieqiegti, atJQVxa iy.nifjLxpavTsg, inEi ij^ii' 
ga iyivETO, ECTZEvdovto dvaiQSGiv ToTg vsHQoTg, [^a&ovTsg ds to dXrj- 
\}Eg iTzaiiGavTo. ol [isv dr] Tmv UXazaiav dvdqsg ovTcog vnEQ^dvng 
iac6&r]Gav, 

XXV. ^Ea ds Trig Aa'AEdaifxovog, tov avTov '^sifx^vog teXeV' 
Tavzog, i>i7ZE{^7Z£zai 2JdXai&og 6 Aa-nsdaiiJioviog ig MvTiXiivriv zQirj- 
QEi. aai TzXsvaag ig UvoQav, aai i^ avi?jg ns^y xazd yagddgav zivd, 

7/ VTTEQ^azbv yv TO TIEQLTEl^lGfXay diaXa&d)V icEQ'J^EZai Ig TIJV MvTi- 

X^vijVj xal 'iXsys ToTg TtQoidQoig ozi ha^oXtj ts afxa Ig zriv ^Azzmriv 
'iazaij aai al TEUGaQdxovTa vjjsg naQsaovzai dg 'idsi ^ori&ijaai ah 
toTg, nQOanonEixcf&rivai ze avzog zovzoav svEHa^ aal df^a zmv dX- 
X(ov imiiEXiiaofXEvog. 2. yai ol fisv MvziXiivaioi i&dgaovv ze, kou 
HQog Tovg A&tivaiovg riaoov eJiov t^v yvc6[iiiv cacrrfi l^vn^aivEiv. o 



134 eorKTJiJOT srrrPA<pn2. 

ft lEi^mv izeXevta ovtog xai zsiaQzov hog tco noXt^m heXivza 
Tmds ov Qov}ndid?]g l^vviyqaxpEv. 

XXVI. Tov 5' EniyiyvofiEvov d^iqavg ol UtloTTOwtjaioi, Inud^i 
zag ig zi]v MvziX^vtjv, dvo xai reaaaQaHOvza vavg aTzaazeiXav 
'iypvzct ''AhAi8aVf og t]v avzoTg yavaQiog^ TzgoGza^avzEg, avzoi ig 
ziiv 'AzziyJ]v aai ol ^v(ifxaioi iae^aXoVj onmg ol 'A&rjvaToi, a^cfo- 
zEQmO^er -^ogv^ovfievoi, liaaov ralg vavalv ig zrjv MvziX7]V7]v xaza- 
fzlEOvaaig ini^ori&riaovaiv. 2. ijyEXzo 8e zrjg ia^oXjjg ravztjg KXeo- 
fXEvrjg VTZEQ Uavaavlov tov nXEiazodvaazog vUog, ^aaiXimg ovzog 
na\ t'SoozEQOV Ezif noLzqog ds adsXqjog Sv. 3. id^^ojaav ds ZTJg "At- 
zmrig zd te tiqozeqov 7EZfj.T]fXEva [xat] ei zi i^E^XaarrjuEi, nai oaa 
iv zaig nqiv ia^oXdig naQEXEXEinzo ' yicti 7] ia^oXi] avzij ^aXETZcordzij 
iyivEzo zoig A&tjvaioig fiEzcc zrjv dEvzigav. 4. iniixivovzEg yaq asi 
dno z?jg Aia^ov zi nEvaEa&ai zmv vEmv sgyov, cog ifiri TZEnsQaico- 
fjisvcov, ifiE^riX^ov za noXXa ziixvovzEg. cog 5' ovdsv dni^aivEv av- 
ToTg cov fiQOGEdeyovzOf xai iTiEXEXoiTZEi 6 aizog, dvEiooQtiaav y.a\ dis- 
Xvdriaav xazd TzoXEig. 

XXYII. Ol ds MvziXt]vaToi iv zovzco, cog at ze fiJEg avzoTg 
0V1 ijKOv dno ZTJg IlEXoTTOvvijaov dXXd ivE'/QOvii^ov, y.ai 6 oizog inE- 
lEXoLTieij dvayxd^ovzai ^vfi^aivEiv ngog rovg ^A&rivaiovg did rdds. 
2. 6 2dXai&og itai avtog ov TZQoadExofXEvog hi tag vavg OTzXt^Ei 
70V dijixov, TZQOZEQOV \piXov ovza, cog iTTE^toov Totg "At&Tivaloig ' 3. oi 
ds inEibri sXa^ov OTzXa, ovzs tjxqooSvzo hi zmv aQvovzcoVj y.azd ^vX- 
Xoyovg rs yiyvofiEvoij tj zov aizov ixiXEvov zovg dvvazovg cpEQEiv ig 
zo cpavEQOVj i<at diavsf^Eiv anaaiVj i] avzot ^vy)(^coQr^GavzEg ngog 
'A&T]vaiovg 'iqjaaav TraqabcoaEiv zr]v noXiv. XXVIII. yvovzsg ds 
ol iv zoig TigdyfiaGiv ovz d7Zo:iG)Xv(TEiP dvvcczoi ovzsg, ei z dnofio- 
rco&i^(jovzai zTJg ^vfi^dascogj KivdvvEvaovzsg, noiovvzai aoivfj o^oXo- 
yictv TTQ-og ZE nd^Tjza aai zo (SZQazonEdov, caars Adt]vaioig fuv 
i^Eivai ^ovXsvaai tteqi MvziXyjvaicov bnoTov dv zi ^ovXcovzai mxi 
TTjv azqazidv ig zr]v noXiv dE)[Ea&ai avzovg, nQsa^Eiav ds dno- 
czeXXeip ig tag 'u4&i^vag MvziX?]vaiovg tteqI savzmv' iv o(T^> 5' dv 
ndXiv tX&coaij Tld^riza fii^zs dljaai BIvziXTjvaioov firjdEvaf [xi]zs dv- 
dQanodiaai, fii^ze dno-azEivau 7] fisv ^vfji^aaig avztj iytrszo. ^ C" 
$8 fZQd^avzEg TZQog zovg AaxEdaifioviovg fxdXiaza zcov MvziKijt'\i.%(Of 
neQidsEig ovzegf cog t] czqazid iai^X&sv, ovu r^vka^ovzot dXX im zovg 



LIB. III. CAP. XXIX— XXXI. 135 

^mfj^ivg oiimg aa&i^ovai' Hdj^i^g 5' avaar^aag avTOvg mars firj 
ddtxtjaaij nazarid^eTai eg Tirsdov fii'/Qi ov joig 'A&r^vaioig ti dolrj. 
3. ni^ixpag ds aal ig ttjv "Aviiaaav tQUjQEig 7TQOOExz7]Gato y,a\ 
taXXa ret ttsqI to arQaronndov xaOiazazo ri avT^ idoxei. 

XXIX. 01 5' iv raig zsaauQcixovra vavol JJf^Xonovvriaioi, 
ovg tdsi iv zd^Ei TzaqayEviod^aij nXiovzeg tieqI zs avzrjv ztjv 
ntXoTTorvTiaov ipditzQiipav, xai aaza zov aXkov nXovv Giolaioi 
nofiia&evzeg, zovg [isv va zr^g nolecog ^Ax^ipaLOvg "kav&dvovGi, 
TTQiv 8)] zy /Ji]Xcp sax^^f') ^QOOfii^avzeg 5' utz avzijg zri 'laccQCp 
aal Mvxovcp nvv\)(ivovzai tzqcozov ozi rj MvzOJjvri idXco'AS. 
2. ^ovXofieroi ds zb Gaqjsg eidevai xateTzXtvaav ig "E^^azov z?jg 
E()Vx}Qaiag ' ijiiEQai ds fxccXiGza rjaav zy MvziX^vr} saXooxvia 
snzk oz ig zo ' E[A^azov xaztTrlEVGav. nvd^oiisvoi ds zb aaq^sg 
i^ovlevovzo in zcop naqovzoov ' aai e-Xe^ev avzoTg TEvzianXog 
avrjQ 'HXsiog zaSs. XXX. ^AXmda nai nEXo7iovvrj(Jico4> oaoi 
naQEGfisv uQXOvTEg zijg ozQazidgy ifioi doy^Ei nXsTv tjiiag ini 
3IvziXtJv7]v 7tq(v i'ATTvazovg yEviadai monEQ tjofisv. 2. yaza 
yaQ zb Eixog dvdQOov veoogzi noXiv i)^6vzo3v ttoXv zb dqjvXaxzov 
evQT^GO[A,EVj v.azk \ikv d^uXaaGav aai Tidvv, rj iaEiPol ze dviXniGzoi 
imyEVEG&ai dv ziva Gq:iGi ttoXe'^ioVj nai rjfxav '/] dXa?] zvy^dvEi 
udXiGza ovGa ' Eixbg ds aal zb Tzs^bv avzav xaz oiyJag dfiEXtGze- 
Qov cog xE:inaz7]x6zcov diEGTtdQ&at. 3. ei ovv xQOGTzt'GoifiEv dq)V(o 
ze Tioi vvyaog, iXntXoo [isza zcop 'ivdov, si zig ccQa ijf^uv egzip 
vnoXomog evrovg, y.araXricfdijvai dv zd nQdyfjiaza. xccf fji\ 
d7ZOHV7]Gco[iEv ZOV nipdvpov, pofiiGavzEg OVA dXXo zi slvai zo 
naivbv zov noXh(xov ?] zb zoiovzov, o si zig Gzgaztjybg 'iv ze avzc^ 
(pvXdGGOizo aai. zoig noXsixioig Ipoqcov iniiEiQau], tiXeXgz dv 
oQx^oTro. XXXI. 6 fASP zoGavza eItzcov ova sttei&e zov ^AXai- 
8av. dXXoi di zivEg zcov dn 'Icoviag q)vyddcov aal ot Aeg^loi 
^v^iTiXiovzsg naQ'QPOvVf inEidri zovtov zbp Aivdvvov qio^Eizat, zwv 
iv 'Icoria ttoXecov AazaXa^Eiv ziva t] Kvfirjv zi]v AioXida, oncog ix 
TToXscog oQficofAEroi zijv 'Icoviav aTZOGz^GooGiv. iXnidcc 6' slvai* 
ovdsvl ydq aAOVGrng dqii'j^&ai* xai zijv TiQOGodov zavz?]v fi£yiGZ7]v 
ovGav 'u4drjvaLcov tjv vqjsXcoGi aai afia ijv icpoQixcoGiv avzoTg, 
daadvj] Gqjioi yiyr7]zai, tzeigeiv ze otEG&ai acu TItGG0v{^viiv coGzt 
^vfiTZ^XsixEiv. 2. 6 ds olds zavza ivEdi'/^szo, dXXd zh nXsiGZOf 



136 eoTKTJiJCT zrrrPA0ii2. 

Tijg yvmfiijg ^/er, iTzstdrj zT^g MvnXriVTjg vgteq/^xei, on td^iata «5 
llsXoTzovrijacp ndXiv nQoafil^ai. XXXII. dgag ds ix zott 
EfA^uTOv TiaQtnXei' xai nQoc^wv MvovvTJaco jy Tijicov tovg 
ai^fiaXmrovg ovg aaza nXovv eiXrjqiEi dTisaqia^s zovg noXXovg. 
2. nai ig zfjv ''EqjEaov na&oQfiiaafitvov avrov, ^aulmv toov «| 
^Avaicov dqiVAOfAEvoi TZQta^Eig tXEyov oh '/.aXmg tjjv 'EXXdda eXev&s- 
Qovv ai'toVf El urdgag ditq)d^£iQEv ovis ^ETqag dvtaiQOfi.Evovg ovts 
noXEiiiovg, Ad^tivaicov ds vn dvdyxTjg ^vfifjid^ovg ' ei te fxt] Tzav- 
GEtaif bXiyovg ftsv avrov tmv i'l&QOJv eg qjiXiav nQoad^EG&aif 
noXv ds nXEiovg r^v q:iXa}V TZoXEfuovg e^eiv. 3. aal 6 fi£v etiel- 
G&t] re xai Xicor dvdQug oGovg eJ^ev eii aqp^xs xal zmv dXXcov 
Tivdg' OQ^vTEg yccQ rug vavg ol dvO^QcoTzoi ovu EcpEvyoVj dXXa 
TiQOGFjaQOvv fJidXXov (og ^ArriKCug nai iXnidcx, ov8l rijv iXayiGrtjv 
e7'/0Vj firj noiEy AOriraitov rt]g {yaXd6Gt]g nQarovvrcaVj vavg IIeXo- 
Tzovvr^Giav elg ^Itaviav TzaQa^aXEiv. XXXIII. drro ds rijg 
EqiEGOv 6 'AXxidag etzXei itard rdfog y.ai (fvyt^v InoiEiro' aqjOt] 
yuQ vTio rrig 2^aXafiiviag nai HuQdXov eti tteqI "I^aQov oQfiaVy 
at 5' aTZ 'Ai^t]ro3V etv^ov n7JovGat, y,a\ dEdtojg rrjv dioj^iv etiXei 
did 'tov TiEXdyovg cog yij sxovGiog ov Gj^rJGcov aXXtj /} TiEXonovvriGda. 
2. T(p ds ndxT^ri xal roTg '^{ytjvatoig yX&E fiEV xa\ dno rtjg 
'EQvOQaiag dyyEXia, d(pixvEiro ds xal navrayjo&EV drEt^iGrov ydq 
ovGt]g rljg 'Jmviag^ iiiya ro dtog lyEVErOj fit] nananXtovrEg ol 
TlEXoTTOvvriGioi, El nui ag fit] diEvoovpro fJitvEiv^ 7IOQ&(og(v dfia 
TTQOGTzhrovrEg rag noXEig. avzdyyEXoi d* avrov IdovGai iv ri] 
JxdQCp 1] rs UdQaXog xai t] ^aXafiivia tq)QaGav. 3. 6 8s imo 
onovdqg inoiEiro rt]v dico^iv xal fajQi f*Ev Ildrfiov zl^g vr^GOv 
e.TiEdim^Ev, dtg d' ovyJzi iv xaraXijipEi s^aivsro, EnavEycoQEi, heq- 
dog ds ivofiiGEVf ETiEidij ov fisrEcoQOig TZEQiEZv^EVy on ovdafiov iyxa- 
zaXr^cpO^ETaai 7]vayxd6&i]Gav ozQazonsdov noiEiadaty aal cfvXay.)]v 
G(fiai 'Aai E(j)6Qfxr]Giv nanaG'/ETv. XXXIV. TTUQanXtoDV ds ndXiv 
EGfE Y.ai Eg Noziov zo KoXocpwviwVy ov xazo^HtjVTO KoXoqicortoif 
Ttjg avoj TZoXscog saXojxviag vno 'Irafidvovg nal rmv ^aQ^idQcxtr 
xazd GzdGiv Idiav ETzaxO^EVzcov idXco ds fidXiGza avrt] ozs t] 

dEVZEQ'X nEX07I0Vrt]Gl(OV EG^oXt] Sg ZT]V *y4zZl'At]V iyiyVEZO, 2. Ef 

ovv 7ft; Norixxi ol xara^pvyovzEg x«) yazoix/]GavrEg avzoO^i, av&ig 
vzaaidaavzEgj ol lisv, naqd TIiggovi^vov inrAOVQOvg ^yiqxd.don' te 



LIB. III. CAP. XXXV. XXXVI. 137 

x«j tcov ^an^aQOJV aTrayofitvoi, tv diaTEi)[(6fia7i d^ov^ i^cu 7(ov ix 
jTJg avco TzolEojg Ko).oq:covio}v ol fzr^diaavtsg ^vvEueXx^ovTsg Itzo- 
XiTEvov, ol ds vns^sXdovTsg tovzovg y.ai ovTsg qjvyddsg rov 
Tla-^riTa Indyovtai. 3. o ds TZQOxaXsduixevog ig loyovg Unniav 
rov iv 7(p diaTEr/^i6fiari ^Qxddcov aQiovray ojote, 7]v fzyjdsv aQECxov 
/vt'j'?/, ndXiv avTov xaiaGtijaEiv ig to JEi'/^og amv y.ai vpa, 6 {xsv 
i^7jX&s nuQ avtov, 6 d' iy.Eivov fxsv iv q)vlaHr} ddiafico eJ'/eVj 
avTog ds TTQoo^aloov rop ZEi^iafiazi i^anivaiojg xul oh TTQOodeyo-' 
fiivcov aloEi, tovg rs ^.Agyddag yai ratv ^an^dQwv oaoi iftjaap 
diacfdEiQEi' nal TOP 'Inniav vgteqov iaayayojv aoTiEQ iaTTEiaaro, 
ijTEidf) Evdov rjVj ^vXlafi^dvEi yal aaTaro^EVEi. 4. KoXoq^mvioig 
de Noriov fzaQadidcoai, nXtjv tojv fi7]d(advT03v. 'aoI vgteqov 'A^q- 
tcuoi olxKytdg Tzt'fiipavzEg yaza rovg savtav vofiovg yazmyiGav zh 
Noziov, ^vvayayovzEg ndvzag ix zoov ttoXecov ei nov zig ijv KoXo- 
gjcovicov. 

XXXV. '0 ds Udx^g dq)tx6fiEvog ig zjjv MvztXt]vtjv ztjv zs 
IJi'QQav xai "Eqeguov 7TaQE6T}]aazo, xca 2^dXca&ov Xa^cjv iv zy 
ttoXei zov AaxEdaivLonov xEXQVfif.iivoVj UTTOTZt'fZTTEi ig zdg ^A^qvag, 
xat zovg ix z^g TeveSov MvziXrivcucov drdgag aua ovg xaziO^STO, 
y.ui El zig aXXog avz(a aiziog idoxsi slvai zTjg dnoazdaEcog ' dno- 
TiifxriEi ds xal ztjg azqazidg zo nXiov. 2. zoig ds XoiTioTg vnofxivfov 
y.a&i(jzaT0 zd tteqI tt]v MvziX7]V7]v xai ztjv uXXtjv Aia^ov rj avzco 
idoxEi. XXXVI. dquxoiiivcov ds zav drdg^v xai zov ^aXai&ov, 
01 'Adr^raToi zov fxsv 2!dXcud^ov Ev&vg dn&xzEirav, egiiv a naQE- 
y^ofXEvoVj zd z dXXa xai dno IlXazaiaVf hi yaq inoXwQxovvzOj 
dnd^eiv riEXoTTorvjjaiovg ' 2. tteqI ds zoov dvdQav yvcofxag inoiovvzOj 
xal vno OQyTjg tdo^Ev avzoTg ov zovg naQovzag fiovov dnoxzEivaty 
dXXd xai zovg dnavzag Mvzihivaiovg oaoi fj^ooaiy Tzaidag ds xai 
yvvaixag dvdQanodiaai, inixaXovvzEg zqv zs aXXrjv aTZoazaaiv ozi 
ovx uQ/^opiEvoi, aarzEQ ol dXXoij iizoi^aavzo, xai nQOo^vvE^aXszo ovx 
iXd'jiiazov ZTJg OQfi'tjg al IJEXoTTOvvr^Gioiv viqEg ig 'laviav ixEivotg 
^O7]0ol zoXfirjaaaai naQaxivdwEvcai' ov ydq &no ^qay^&iag dta- 
roiag idoxovv zrjv dnoazaaiv Tzou.aaa^ai. 3. m(i7iovaiv ovv ZQirj- 
Qij ag ndyiriza dyysXov zoiv dEdoyfiivav, xaza zdjpg xsXsvovzsg dia^ 
■HJijaaad^ai Mvzih]val,ovg. 4. xa\ ztj vazsQairt ^szdvoid zig svOvg 
iiv avzois, y-cu draXoyicixog co[>ioy zo ^ovXei'na xal fiiya iyvmax^ai 



133 oorKTJiJOT zrrrPA<PH2, 

nohv olriv diacf^eiQai fiulXov ^ ov xovg airiovg. 5. co? 5* ^j^o* 
TO Tovro Tcuy Mvzihivaimv ol TzaQovrsg nqta^Eig, na\ ol avzoXq 
7mv ^Ad^rivaicov ^v}X7TQdaaovzE?, TzaQEa-Aevaaav zohg iv rtlu odart 
avx^tg pmfiag TTQO&eivai' yai tTZEiaav gaov, diozi y.ai ineivoig 
evdi]Xov ?iv ^ovXofiEvov to ttXeov twv noXizav av&ig rivag cqjiaip 
anodovvai ^ovXetaaa&ai. 6. y^azaazdarjg d' sv&vg i-^xXtjaiag 
aXXai 7S yv^^ai dq) hdazcov iXt'yovzo xal KXecop 6 KXeaivtzovy 
oCTisQ yai rtjv ttqozequv ivevin/^xei ojgte dTZOiiZEivai, wv aai eg xk 
aXXa §iai6zazog zmv tzoXitwv, rrj za dijfiqt tzuqcc tzoXv iv zcp tots 
aiQavmzazog, TiaQEX&av av&ig elEys zoidds. 

XXXV 11. IloXXdmg ixh ijdi] 'iymya xat dXXozs tyvcov dijfio- 
xgaziav ozi ddvvazov iaziv ezeqcov uq^eiVj fidXtaza 5' iv zy rvp 
v}jiEtiQ(i TiEQi MvziXijvaicov fxEzaiAEXeia. 2. did yun zb x«v>' 7jfiEQav 
ddEEg nal dvEni^ovXEvzov nqog dXXtjXovg xai ig zovg ^v(i{xdyovg to 
avzo 'iiEZEy xccf o,Tt dv ?} Xoycp TZEiadEvzeg viz avzmv d^dQZ7]TE i] 
oixzcp ivdoQZEj ovx iTzixivdvvcog 7]yEi6&s ig vftdg 'aoi ovx ig 'ZJ]v zoov 
^v{Xfid)[(ov xdQiv fiaXayjL,Ea&aii oh GKOTiovrzEg ozi rvgavvida e^ezs 
z?jv aQy/iv ^a\ TiQog i7n^ov7,Evovzag avzovg y,cd uxovzag aQ'^ofiirovg, 
ol ovx f'J cov dv x^Qil^ijo^E ^XanzofiEvoi avzo), dnQomzai vficov, 
dXX i^ (av dv la'/vi fjidXXov rj zy ixEivoov evvoia nEQiyivrjaQE. 
3. navzmv ds dsivozazov £i ^t'^aiov ?)fiTv {4.r^d€v xa&eazr^^si mv dv 

do^H TZEQlf fiTids yvC066f4E\}(X. OZI XElQQ(Sl VOflOig dydv/jTOtg yaCOfiElJ] 

noXig xQEiaatav iaziv // xaXag e'iovqiv dxtgoig, dfiaOia ze fXEzd 
ffcoq:Qoavvr]g aq^EXifiazEQOv ?/ dE^i6z7]g fAEzd dxoXaaiag, ol ze qavXo- 
ZEQOi zmv avdQionrov nQog zovg ^vvEzoozinovg cog in\ zo tzXeiov 
uuEivov oixovai rug noXcig. 4. ol fiEv yag zav ze fofioov cocfmzE- 
got ^ovXovtai (faivEaxxai zav ze «« XEyofisvcov ig zo xoivov tieqi- 
yiypEa&ai, cog iv dXXoig [xeiXoatv ovx dv drjXcoaavzsg ztjv yvco^r^v, 
xcu EX zov zoiovzov zd TzoXXd a(ffdXXovaL zdg noXEig' ol d' dni- 
azouvzEg zij savzcov ^vvecel djuax^EGZEQOi filv zojv vv^cov d^iovoii 
Eivaij ddvrazcozEQoi ds zov xaXwg Einovzog fitfiipaaOai Xoyor, y.Qi- 
zai ds ovzEg ano zov laov [zuXXov ?] dycoviazai oqOovvzcu zd ttXeico. 
5. wg ovv XQ^J ^'^^ tjfidg noiovvzag fiij, dEivozrjzi xai ^vveoecoc 
uyan iTzaiQOfiivovgy nc^yd do^av z^ vfiEzigcp ttXi'j&ei 7iaganEh\, 
XXXVIII. iyco fiiv ovv 6 avzog Eifii zij yrco^uri xai %}avfidi^co fiEt 
rav TigoOt'vzcov avOig tteqI MvziXtjvaicov XtysiVj xul ygovov diuz^* 



LIB. 111. CAP. XXXIX. 139 

Stjr e(Anoir^adyT(oVj o Ian tngog toov r^diHrfAuzcov ficiXXov' 6 yag 
nadmv lio dqaaavri d[A^Xvi8()a ry OQyrj Int^tQyeiaiy dfivvaaO^xi 
ds zw TiadHV oTi eyyvTiiico '/mixevov, uvjinaXov hv, fidXifza ir^v 
iif.icoQiav dvalafi^dvtL' 'Oavixd^oj ds xai oazig eazai 6 dvtSQooVj 
xa< d^iaacav dTioqjaiPSiv, tag fisv MvjiX?jvaicov ddiHiag Tjfilv 
(x)Cf£XifA.ovg ovaag, zccg 5' ij^etiqag ^vfi(poQccg toTg ^vfA-ixdy^oig 
pid^ag nad^iataiiEvag. 2, xal drjXov on. ^ T(p XtjEiv Tiiaitvaag to 
ndvv doxovv dvtanocpijvai cog om Eyvcoaiai dyoiviaaiT ar, 'q 
xt()dei iTzaiQOfisrog to evTiQEnlg tov Xoyov ixTZOvrjaag Tzagdytiv 
neiqdGEjai. 3. ij ds noXig in toov toiards dyavoov td fxsv uOXoc 
STE'Qoig didcoaiVj avrtj ds tovg nivdvvovg dvaqitQSi. 4. amoi d 
vfiEig naxag dymvoQEtovvtEg, olnvEg Eioo&azs '&Earai fitv tmv 
Xoycov yiyvsa&ai, dnQoatai ds tcov tQywv^ td fisv fiiXXovta EQyoe. 
dno tcov £v Einovtcov cMnovvtsg cog dvrata yiyread^ai, ta ds 
TiETZQayiAEva. 7]df], oh to dQaa&sv ttictoteqov oxpEi Xot^ovTsg ?] to 
dxovadEV, dno toiv Xoyco 'AaXoog iTzitifiJjadvTcov 5. xai fistd xai- 
voTTitog fisv Xoyov dnatdaOai dqiazoi, fiszd dEdo'Aifia6fA.Evov ds firj 
^vviTTsaOai sdiXsiv ' dovXoi ovTsg tav dsi dzoncov^ vnEQontai ds 
zmv Eicod^ozoov ' 6. nai (xaXiGza (xsv aviog eItieIv snaazog ^ovXojis- 
vog dvvaaOaij si ds firj, dvzaycovil^6}iEvoi toig toiavzcc Xsyovai fiij 
vazEQOi dxoXovx^tjaai doxEiv ty yv(6(Ari, o^toog ds ti Xsyovzog ttqos- 
naivEcaij aai nQoaiGdiad^ai ts nqod^viioi Eivai td Xsyofisvay 'Aixt 
TTQOvotjaat ^QadsTg td f| avzav dno^t^Go^Eva' 7. ^t]zovrtt'g ts 
dXXo ti, cog EiTiEiv, '^ Ev olg ^oo/xfj', qQOVovvzsg ds ovds nsqi tmv 
TzagovTcov Uavag ' UTiXag ts aKorjg rjdovy rjaacafisvoi :ial aocpiazoov 
&Eazaig ioixozsg }{a&r^{i,Evoig fxdXXov i] tieqi noXsoog BovXEvofisvoig. 
XXXIX. cov iyoo TTEiQcofiEvog dnotQETTEiv vfidg dTzocpairco Mvn- 
Xrjvaiovg [xdXiata dt] fiiav noXiv jjdixTjHotag vfidg. 2. syco yuQ, 
dlzivsg (AEV fxt] dvvazol cpSQSiv tTjv viiszEQav dgyjiv ?} oliivsg vno 
tMv TzoXsfiloov dvayxaa&svzsg aTzsazTjaar, ^vyyvoofirjv tjoo ' vrpov 
ds olzivsg ty^ovzsg fiszd tsuycav aai aazd -ddXaaaav (xovov cpo^ovfis- 
voi tovg TjiASZEQOvg noXsiiiovgj ev c^ nai avzol tQirigmv TraQaaxsvri 
ow dqiQatizoi ijaav nQog avzovg, avzovofiol ts oixovvzsg yiai 
Titto^fiEvoi Eg td TTQCota vq) tjixoov totavza EiQydaavzo, ti dXXo 
ovzoi 7] ETiE^ovXsvadv ts Hat ETiaviazriaav fidXXov fj dnEczricav, 
^Tioczaaig fitv ys t^v §iai6v n nau^ovzcov iaziv, i^tjztiadv zs uszd 



140 oorKTzii/jorATrrPA^HS. 

lav TzoXeiuoazdrcov ?)fxug aTarreg diaq^&eiQai ; xairoi deirozsQot 
eariv ?/ ei xaO^ avrovg dvraiuv KzojfiEvoi dvTSTZoXtfupav. 3. na- 
Qadeiyfia ds avzoTg ovzs at -z^v niXag ^vficpoQui iyt'vovzo oaoi 
unoazavTEg ijdrj rifiav ixEiQcaOt^aav, ovzs rj naQovaa Evdaifiovia 
TzaQEGx^v oxvov fit] iX&Eiv ig zd 8eivot.' yEvoixEvoi ds TTQog zb fisXlov 
\>QaGtTg y.ai EXniaavzEg fiay^gozEQa fAsv rtjg dvvdfiEoog, iXdaaoy de 
rJ^g ^ovXtjaEcog, tzoXejxov rjQavzo, la^vv d^maavzEg rov dixaiov 
nQO&Eivai' Ev (p yaQ q)t]{^}jGav TZEQitdEO&aiy ehe&evzo tjiaTv ovh 
ddixuvfiEvoi. 4. Ei(o&E ds tojv noXsoov alg dv fidXiaza xal di' 
iXaiiazov dnQoadoHrjzog EVTZQa^ia sXOri, ig v^qiv tqetzeiv ' rd ds 
noXXa xaza Xoyov zoTg dv&QmTzoig svzviovvza dacpaXiazEQa ?] 
Tzaqd do^av y.al xa'AOTTQctyiav, cog EinElv, naov dnoo&ovvzai ^ 
Evdaifioriav diaaco^ovzai. 5. 'j^qTjv ds MvziXrjaiovg yal ndXai 
fir^dsv dtaq)EQOvzag zoov dXXcov vcp ijfi^v ZEzifxijaOai, yuu ov>t dr ig 
rods i^v^niaav Tzicpvxe yuQ y.ai dXXcog uvOQOJTzog to fisv '&EQa' 
nsvov vnEQq^QOVEiv, to ds (juj vtzeThov -Oavfid^Eiv. y.oXaa&i^TG)6av 
8s yiai vvv d^icog zTJg ddixiug, xal fii] rolg fih oXiyoig ?/ alzia 
TTQoazEdri, zov ds drjuov dnoXvarize. 6. Tzdvzsg ydq 7]^Tv ye ofioicog 
iTZE&Evzo, oig y' i^tjv cog i)fidg TQsnofiEvoig vvv ndXiv iv zy noXsi 
Eivai. aXXii. zcr fiEza tcov oXiycov xivdwov i^yr^cafXEroi ^e^cuozeqov 
^vvantazrioav. 7. zav re ^vfifid)^(oVj axsipaa&s, el toTg zs dray- 
KaG&Eiaiv V7Z0 zcjv tzoXeiiicov xai zoTg sxovaiv dnoazdai tag avzag 
^rmiag 7TQoaOr^(S£TS, riva 0(£cri>£ ovziva oh ^qaisla TTQocpdasi 
dTzoaz7]aE6&cu, ozuv ij yazoQ&cocravzi iXEv&tQoxjig y tj otfaXivzi 
fxrjdsy nadEiv artjxsazov ; 8. 7jf^iv ds nqog sy.dazi]v noXiv dnoxe- 
xivdvvEvaszai rd ts lorifxaza xai ai \pv'^aL xai zvyovzsg fisv 
noXiv Eqi&aofXEvr^v TzaQaXa^orrsg zijg etteizu Tzgoaodovy di* t^v lO'/vo- 
fisv, zo Xoinov 6ZEQt]GEGd^Ej Gt^ciXivzEg ds TzoXsfAiovg TTQog zoTg 
vnaQ'/^ovGiv E^ofiEV xal ov XQOvov roig vvv xa&sGzr^xoai dti i'^dQoTg 
dv&iGzaG&aij roTg oiy.Eioig ^vfiud^^oig TzoXsin/jGOfiEv, XL. ovxovv 
dn 7iQ0\}Eivai EXnida ovzs X6yq> nicziiv ovzs XQW^^'^' f^vriziiv, cos 
^vyyi-c6fi7]r dfiaQZEiv dv&QcoTztvcag Xtjipovzai. dxorzsg filv ydq ovx 
E^XaxpaVf Eidozeg ds inE^ovXsvGuv ' ^vyyroofiov 5' iffzl to dxovGiov. 
2. tyo} fASv ovv xai tozs tzqwzov xal vvv diafidyo^ai firj ^szayvwvat 
vfidg T« 7T()od£doyfiEva, fi7]ds tqigI TOig d^vpiq:OQ03Tdzoig zy dqiXi, 
oixzcp xal r^dorij Xoycov xal imstxEia, dfiaQzdvEiv. 3. tXsog te yaQ 



LIB. III. CAP. XLI. XLII. 141 

ago^ Tovg ofioiovg dixaiog avrididoa&ai, xac (iij ngog rovg ovz 
avicixTiovvzag f| ardynTjg rs y.ax^eaiojiag aei 7zo7.£}iiovg' ol ra 
rtQTJOvreg Xoyco Q/jzoQsg t^ovai y.ai iv ulXoig iXccaaoaiv dyava, xal 
fitj iv cp 7] fi£v TzoXtg ^Qaita. tja&Ei<Ja fieyaXa ^7]ixic6a8Taif avzol 
8s i'A 70V ev eiTZEiv to TiaOaTv ev drzihixpovrai ' aai rj inieixeia 
TZQog tovg fitXXovzag iTTirr^deiovg nal to Xomov aaead^ai {auXXov 
didozai 1] TTQog tovg o^oiovg te, xai ovdsv ijaaov jzoXsf^iovg vtto- 
XeiTZOfttvovg. 4. ev ds ^vveXmv Xtyoj, TieiOof^evoi fxsv ifioi td ts 
drAuia ig 3IvttX?]vaiovg nut td ^vficpoQct afia noitjasTBj dXXcog ds 
yvovzsg roig (aev ov ^(^aQiEiaOs, vfidg ds avzovg fidXXov diHaicoasa&e. 
SI yag ovtoi og&ag dnsairiaavj vfxsig dv ov jfofiwj' dg^otts. si ds 
di] yai ov TTgoaTjuov oficog d^iovts tovzo dgdv, nagd to sixog tci 
y.ai tovade ^vfAqjogayg del y.oXd^sa&aij j] navsadai trig ^QXh'^ ^'^^ 
£K tov dy.ivdvvov dvdgaya&i^scO^ai. 5. r^ ts avty ^mxia d.^i(6' 
aaze dfivvaa&at., xai fiij dvaXyt]z6tsgoi ot diaqisvyovtsg tmv Ini- 
^ovXsvadvtmv (pavrivai, ivxyvfitji^t'vteg, d eiyog 7iv avtovg noiriaai 
xgaTi]6avtag r^iAaVy dXXcog ts xai ngovnag'^avrag ddimag. 6. fid- 
7jGza ds 01 iiij i,vv ngocfdasi tivd yayag noiovvtsg sns^sg'iovtai 
nai dioXXvvtai, tov ylvdvvov vq)ogc6ixsvoi tov vnoXsinoixsvov 
ix&gov. 6 ydg fit] ^vv dvdyyrj ti Tzadwv ^aXsTzatsgog diaqivyav 
zov dno trig larjg syr^Bgov. 7. firj ovv Tzgodotai ysv7]GOs vimv 
avtav, ysvofisvoi 5' bzi iyyvrata ty yvcofxy tov ndu'/^siv yai mg 
Tzgb Tiavzog dv iziixtjaaaOs avtovg '/[Eigaoaa&ai, vvv dvtanodozs 
u)] fiaXaxiG&Evzsg nnog to nagov avzixa {xr^ds tov InmQEfiaadivzog 
nots dsivov dftvtjfiovovvtsg. 8. yoXdaats ds d^icog tovtovg ts ya* 
toTg dXXoig ^v^ixdyioig nagddsiy'fXa Gaq:}g yataatTJcats, og dv 
dq)iGT7]7ai, davdtcp ^7][iicoa6fiEvov. tods yag 7]v ypcoaiVj tjaaov 
tav TioXefxicov dfisXmavtsg toTg vfisttgoig avt^v fj.a)(^EL(Sd^8 ^vu- 
ud'/^oig. 

XLI. Toiavza f(sv 6 KXscov sins, fistd 5' avzov /Jiodozog 6 
Evygdtovg, oansg yai iv ty ngotEgn iyxXj^aifc dvzsXsys jidXiata, fnj 
dnoytsTvai MvziXijvaiovg, TragsX&ojv koi tots sXsys toidds. 

XLII. Ovzs tovg Ttgo&svtag ttjv diayvcofirjv av&ig nspi Mvti- 
7.rirai(ov aiziafica, ovts tovg nsficfonsvovg {nj noX^Mxig negl tap 
usyiazcov ^ovXsvsa&ai iTzaiva, vofii^oo ds dvo td ivavticotata sv» 
^ovXia sJrai, tdy^og ts nal ogyi^v, o)v to fisv ftszd dvoiag cpiXsi yiyvS' 



142 eoTKT/li/ior ZTrrPAfim^'. 

c&at, 70 ds fiSTa aTzaidsvaiag Hoi, ^Qay^vzTjTog pwfirjg. 2. zovs ti 
Xoyovg oaztg diauayezai fxtj didaoy.dlovg rav TTQayfidtoiv yr/vca&ai^ 
'// a^vvETog tariv tj idt'a ri avrqj diaq)£(>Ei d^vrerog fitv, si dlXco ttvl 
riytliai tzeqi tov fi^XXovTog dvvazov thai y.ai fit] f{X(f.avovg q^Qaaaij 
8(aq)tQ£i d' avTWf ei ^ovX6f4,8v6g ri ala'^QOv Ttuaca ev fih eiTzeiv ovx 
av riynrai tteqi zov firj xaXov dvvaa&ai, ev 8s 8ia^aXoiv ixnXij^ai 
av Tovg re dvTEQOvvzag nai \ovg dxovaoixtvovg. 3. y^aXeTzcozazoi 
ds Kcu 01 £711 XQW'^'^^'' TTQOGxazTjyonoi'vzeg snidEi^LV riva. el fisv yccQ 
dixad^iav aazrjzioovzo, 6 fi)] nsiaag d^vvEzoozEQog dv do^ag Eivai rj 
ddrA(6zEQog dnE^coQEi. ddixiag 5' ImqEQOiih^g nsiaag re vnonrog 
yiyvEzai, nai fit] tvfjoiv iiEzd d^vvEGiag aal ddixog. 4. ?] zs noXig 
ov'A cocfEXeTzai ev T(p zoi^8e' qio^co yaQ dnoGZEQEXzai zcoy ^vfA^oV' 
X(ov. y.ai ttXeigt dv oq&oTzo ddvvdzovg 7.EyEiv E)^ovaa zovg 'Zo\ 
ovrovg zav tioXizojv' eXd/^iaza yaQ dv TTEia&Eir^aav dfiaQzdyE'v. 
5. '/^Qij ds zov ixsv dyadov noXixiiv jte/} E'Aq)0^ovvza zovg dvzEQOvvzag 
dX)^ duo zov iaov qiaivEaOai d^iEivov Xtyovza, zrjv ds ampQova ao- 
Xiv T<p re TiXsicta ev ^ovXsvovzi /w^ TrQoazi&s'rai zifirjvj dXXd fir^d^ 
iXaaaovv zijg vTzaQXOvarjg y,ai. zov fxr} zvfpvzay yv^\irig ovy onmg 
'Qmxiovv dXXa f-irjd' dziud^tiv. 6. ovzco yaQ o is aazooOcSv "jaiaza 
dv in I zcp Ezi fiEi^ovcov d^iovaO^ai naQa yvafirjv zi yia\ nQog ydQiv 
Xtyot, ZE [.u] ETZizvyojv oQsyoizo ZM avzcp '/^aQi^ofiEvog zi 'Aal avzog 
nQoadysadai zo nXtj&og. XLIII. coy tjiJiEig zdrarzia dQcaiASVy nai 
TZQOGEti, yv zig >ial v7i07izEvt]zai usQdovg fuv evexu, zd ^tXztaza fi' 
oficog XtyEiVj qOoviqaavzEg zlqg oh ^s^a^lov donrjaEoig zojv y.SQdcoVj 
zr]v cpavEQdv (xx^iXsiav zr^g noXscog dcpaiQovfXE&a. 2. aa&tazr^xE 
ds zdyaO^dj dnb zov EvOtog XsyofXEray ni]dsv dvvnonzozEncc thai « 
zmv xaxcoa', cocjzfi dsiv ofioioag zov zs zd dsivozaza ^ovXofisvov tteT- 
aaij dndzri TiQoauyEG&ai to nXTjOog, aal zov zd dfzsivoa XtyovzXj 
\pEvad(A.EV0Vy TTiazov yEvsa&ai. 3. fi6vf]v is noXiv did tag TZEotvoiag 
EV noujaai ek tov TZQoqjavovg fi)] i^anazijijavza ddvvazov ' b ydq 
didovg qiavEQOjg ri dyadov dvd^vnonzEvEzai dq)avoog nr] nXsov t^eiv. 
4. y^Qrj ds TiQog zd fxtyiaza, y,ai ev zcq zoirnds d^iovvzi, fjf^dg nsQai- 
TEQCO TT^ovoovvzag Xsysiv vucov zmv 5t' oXiyov Gyonovvzcov^ aXXojg 
zs xai vTTEvd'vvov ztjv naQaivEciv lyovzag nQog dvsvd^vvov r/jv {\ue- 
ztQuv dy.Qoaaiv. 5. ft yaQ o ze nslaag y.ai 6 snianofiEvog bfioiojg 
sBXdnzovzo, GOiCfQOVtazEQOv dv Ihqivezs. vvv de ^Qog oQyTjv tjvziva 



LIB. III. CAP. XLIV. XLV. 143 

rv)^rirs Eaziv ore ag^aXe^'Teg 7r]v rov nEiaavrog fiiav yvcoii7]v ^yfii' 
ovrSj aai oh tag vfxeTtQag avzav, at noXXai ovaai ^vrE^ijfiaQTov. 
XLIV. /j'co ds naQijl&ov ovis artEQ^v ttsqI ]\IvTi7.jjvaicov ovrs 
}iaTT]yoQi^acov. ov yag tibqi ryg iaeivoDv ddiniag 7jfiiv 6 ayar, al Ga>- 
q.iQOvovf^Ev, aXla tisqi zljg fifiersQag ev^ovXiag. 2. r^v rs ykq ano- 
qnivco navv ddixovptag aviovg, ov dia tovzo aat aTroxreivai aeXev^ 
(Tco, ei fiij ^vfA(feQOv' ijv ts xal iiovTag ri ^vyyvcofirjg eJeVj si rj noXs: 
uf] dya&ov giaiPoiTO. 3. vofiit^co ds nsQi lov fisXXovzog Tjfidg fidX- 
Xov §ovXsvs(j&a4 ij jov naqovTog. x«t tovro o fxdXiara KXscov loiv- 
Qi^srai ig rb Xoitzov ^vficpsQOv sasa&ai TTQog to ijcaov dqn'aracj&ai 
■&dvaTovQ)]fuav TZQO&slai, vioi avzog nsQi tov ig to f^sXXov yiaXaig 
s'j[ovTog dvTi(j)[VQi^6fisvog rdvavria yiyv<a6'Ato. 4. Koi vvx «|fc5 
vfidg r({) svTZQsnsi tov ixsivov Xoyov to )[Qi^aifiov jov sfiov aTiaaa- 
aOai. diaawTeQog yccQ d)v avtov 6 Xoyog nqog t7]v i>vv vfASZSQav 
OQyrjv ig MvTiXr]vaiovg zd/a dv iniandaaiTO ' ijixsTg ds ov dixa^o- 
fis&a TiQog aviovg, ojgts rmv diaaimv dsiVf dXXd ^ovXsvoixsO^a nsQi 
avzcov, oTzcog j^Qijuificog s%ovaiv. XLV. iv ovv zaig ttoXsgi noX- 
X&v davazov ^rjfiia nQO'ASitai y.ai ov'a lacov rmds dXX iXarjGorcov 
ufxciQTTjfidzcov ofxag ds, 71] iXnldi dnaiQoixsvoiy mvdvrsvovai not 
ovdsig 7T(o, aazayrovg savzov jxij 7isQisasa{)ai T(p ini^ovXsvfiaTij 
i]Xx^sv ig to dsirov. 2. TZoXig rs dcpiazafitv)] zig nm ^(jcjoo tiq do- 
7ir^asl s/^ovaa rijv TzaQaGHSvrjv /} oiasiav ?] dXXcov ^vfifiapa lovzo^ 
ETTSXEiQi^as ; 3. nscpv'Aaai zs dnavzsg nai Idia ^ai dr^^ioaia dficiQ- 
zdvEiv, xal ovx Edzi vo^iog 06Zig dnEiQ^Ei zovrov, ins] dis^sXr^Xv- 
{^aai ys did nacjav zav ^ijfiiav ot uvOqcottoi TTQoazL&ivzsgy siTZCog 
ijaaov ddrAoivzo vno zmv naaovQycov. xui siy.bg zb ndXai zoiv fxs- 
yiatoav ddixrjfidzcov ixaXaaoiZEQag usia&ai avrdg, TzaQa^aivofttrcov 
ds TQj ;f«o»'Qi ig zbv ddvazov at noXXai av?]KOvai ' xai zovzo ofxosg 
naQa^alvEzai. 4. ?} zoivvv dsivozsgov zi zovrov diog evqetsov 
i(jz]v 7] zods ys ovdsv inlaisiy d7X rj iisv nsvia drdyy.rj zt]v zcXfiav 
naQSiovua, rj 5' i^ovoia v^qei zriv nXsovs^lav ytai (fQorrjfiazi, ai 
d' dXXai ^wzvpai ogyrj zojv dvO^Q^^nuiv, wg sxaazt] zig aazi'^szai 
V7Z dvjixiazov zivhg y,Qsi66ovog, i^dyovaiv ig zovg mvdvvovg. 5. rj 
7S iXTilg aal 6 SQOig in\ navzlj o ^sv riyovixsrog, rj 5' icpsnofiivriy 
x«f 6 iilv zr]v im^oXriv inqiQOvzil^cov, rj ds zijv svnoQiav zrjg zi)^}^g 
VTTori&sTaa nXsXma ^Xdmovaij "aoi ovza dcpavri y.osiaaco iozi tw» 



14^ • ooTKTJiJor :E:rrrPA^rUY. 

GQcofisvcov deivoov. 6. i<al 7/ rv/?/ sV avroTg ovdsv slaaaov ^vf^^dX- 
Xezai h to STraiQEiV ado>i]]r(X)g yaQ tariv ore TzaQiGzaiiivri aai i>i 
tav vTiodsEGttQCov y.Lvdvvsveiv iiva TTQodyeij aai ov'/^ riaaov rag no- 
Xsig, oaqi TztQi rav fX8yi6icoVj il£v{}eQiag ?] dXXcov cLQfjigy nat jM£t« 
9ICCVTC0V Exaatog aXoyiazcog ini nXtov ti avtov ido^acev. 7. dnXag 
re dbvvatov y.al noXXrig eirjd^eiag, oazig oierai zrjg dvO^Qconeiag 
q^vdEcog 6pfxoo^Evt]g TZQO&vfioag ti Tzgd^ai dTtotQomqv ziva e)^eiv ij 
poHcov iGivi 1] dXXo^ TCf) dEiv^. XLYI. ovxovv XQV oi^7£ 70V d^a- 
vdrov Ty t,ri^icc cog EX^yyvqi maTEmavTag, x^^Q^^ ^ovXEvaaa&aif 
ovts dvEXniarov i^araazriaai zoTg dnoazccGiv^ cog ova iazai fisza- 
yvwvai^ aai ozi iv [iQaxvzdzqi zr^v d^iaQziav aazaXvaai, 2. oas- 
xpccG&s ydq on vvv jU^V, //y zig xai aTZoazdacx, noXig yvc^ [irj tzsqi- 
sao/xEVT], eXO^oi dv ig ^vu^aaiv 8vvaz7] ovaa tzi zijv daTzdvrjv dno- 
dovpai xa« to Xomov vtzozeXeiv ' inEivcog dt ziva oiEa&s i]VTiva 
ovy, dfiEivov iiEv 7] vvv TiaQaoKEvdaaa&ai, noXioQma ze TzaQazEVEi- 
a&ai ig zovaxctzov, si zo avzo dvvazai (J/oIg x«f taxv ^vf.(§JjvaL ; 
3. nuTv ZE Tzmg oh §Xd§ri banavdv na&t]fiEvoig did zo d^vfi^azoVj 
KOL rjv sXcofiEv noXiVj iqj&aQfiEvrjv naqaXa^Eiv aai ZTJg TiQoaodov 
zo Xomov an alzr^g azEQEGd^ai ; lOXVOfXEv ds nqog zovg TToXsfiiovg 
Twds. 4. aazs oh dtnaazag ovzag dst 7]fidg fidXXov zav i^af^aQ- 
tavovzcov duQi^Eig ^XdnzEad^ai, 7] bqav OTZcog ig zov etzeizu xqovov 
fXEz-gimg TtoXd^ovzsg, zaig tioXeglv s^ofisv ig XQVH'^^^'^ Xoyov la^v- 
ovaaig ^f^^ct^ar, xai zrjv q)vXayJ]v fit] dm zmv vofioav zijg 8Eiv6z7]Tog 
d^iovv noiEiG&aif dXX dTzo zav eQycov ZTJg STZifiEXEiag. 5. ov vvv 
zdvavzia bqavzEg, ^v ziva iXEv&sQOv y.al §in dQXOfisvov, slxozcag 
TiQog ahzovo^iav dnoazdvza, ;fff(>ca(Ta)/i£0'a, ;fa?.«;ra5? olofiEd'a XQV' 
vai zijicoQEia&ai. XQ^ ^^ "^ovg iXsv&EQOvg ohit, dqjiazafiivovgj cgpo- 
dQa noXd^Eiv, dXXd ttqiv dnoazTJvai aqiodQa cpvXdacEiv ^ai fZQOHata' 
Xafi^dvEiv, oTioog fi7j8^ ig inivoiav zovzov imffiy ygazTJaavzdg zs ozt 
in iXdxKJtov Z7]v aliiav iniqisQEiv. XLVII. vf^iETg ds aH8\paa{^f. 
oaov dv Ka\ zovzo d^agzdvoizs KXicovi nsi&ofiEvot. 2. vvv fisv yuQ 
vfuv b d^fiog iv ndaaig zaTg noXsaiv Evvovg iazi, yal y ov ^vvacpi- 
Gzazai zoTg oXiyoig, 7] idv ^laa&rj vnaQXEi zoTg dnoazyaaai noXsftiog 
sh&vg, not z^g dvzixa&iazafi8Vi]g noXsojg zo nXij&og ^vfifiaxov 'iyov- 
zeg ig noXEfiov iniQXEO&E. 3. eI 8s diaq)O^EQETzE zov dJ^fiov zov Mv- 
ziXtjvaioov, og ovzs HEziaxE zJjg dnoazdasmg^ insidrj ze onXoov i/oa- 



LIB. III. CAP. XLVIII — L. 145 

rr^asv, ixoov TzaQtdcoxs tj]v noXiv, ttq^tov iisv adixr^asze rovg f.leQys- 
rag nzeivovT^g, trtHza y.araaTijaeie zoTg dvraTOig toov av&QcoTrmv c 
^ovlovtai fidXi6Ta' dqiKJtdvjeg yaQ tag noleig, zov dqtiov EvOvg 
^vutxayov t'^ovai, nqodei^dvicov vf.icov ttjv avzTjv ^r^fiiav roTg is ddi- 
Y,ovaiv oiioicog usTc&ai aai toTg fiiq. 4. beX ds nai ei fiduTjauv ^u// 
7TQ067ToieiaO-aif oncog o ^lovov Tjpuv 'hi ^vfi^a^ov ian (xtj TioXe^iov 
ysrijTai. 5. nai rovto tzoXIo) ^vi^cpOQcozsQOv yyovfiai ig tr^v y,d- 
•&E^iv 77Jg dQiijg, t'AOvzag r^idg ddixj^d^ijvai i] dmaicog ovg iiij del 
diaqj\}eTQai' xal to KXtcovog to avib dixaiov nal ^v{xq)OQOv TTJg 
TifiOjQiag ovyi svQiansTat iv avz^ dvvazov ov d/xa ylyvEad^ai. 
XLVIII. viiEig bs yvovzsg d^Eivoa zdds thai aa] fxrjzs oixzco nXi- 
ov vEifiarzEg firjz' EniEiKEia^ o'lg ovds iyo) i(5 TTgoffdysadai, an av- 
zoJv de zoov TzaQaivovi^iEvcoVy nEi&EadE [loi Mvziljjvaioov ovg fiEv 
nd)^r}g aTZETTEfxipEv cog ddtxovvzag ■Hqlvai itaO^ ijaviiavy zovg 5' 
aklovg idv olkeTv. 2. zdds ydq tg ze zo fitllov dya^d y.ai zoTg 
TioXEfiioig Tjdr] cpo^Eqd' oazig ydq ev §ovXEVEzai nqog zovg Ivavzi- 
ovg KQEiaamv egziv tj [a.ez tgycov iaivog dvoia etzicov. 

XLIX. Toiavza ds 6 /Jiodozog eJjze. qtj&eioojv ds zoov yvGJ- 
[imv Z0VZO3V fidXiaza dvzmdXcav TZQog dXXijXag ol ^Ad^iivaioi tiX&ov 
fisv ig dyojpa ofimg zijg do^ijg y>ai iysvovzo iv zy x^fQOZovia dyfca- 
HaXoi, ixQdzTjds ds ?/ zov /iiodorov. 2. xat zqiriqij svx^vg dXh]v 
dniaiEXXov aaza anovdriv, OTZcog [xij q)d'aadayg z^g dEvziqag sv- 
QC061 di£q}\}aQfi8t7jv ztjv noXiv ' ttqoeIj^e ds rili^Qo, koc/ vvail fidXi- 
cza. 3. 7TaQa6X£vaadvzo3v ds zav MvziXrjvaimv nQsa^Eoav zri vijl 
olvov y.ai dXcpiza yai fisydXa vnoaiOfAsvcov, el cpddaaisv, iytvEZO 
O7T0vd)j zov 7t7.ov zotavzri, cocjze riU\)i6v ze, ajjia iXavvovrsg, onqi 
:tal iXaicp aXqiiza 7TEq)VQa{A,Eva, nai ol fxsv vtzvov tiqovvto ^azd 
fit'Qogj at ds riXavvov. 4. yazd zvy^v ds nvEVfjiaTog ovdsvog ivav- 
ziwi^ivzogy y.ai ztjg [a.ev nqoziqag vscog ov 67iovd^ nXEOvarig im 
Tzqayfia dXX6y,ozor, zavzr^g ds zoiovzw zqotzco i7ZEiyofi£vr]g, rj [xev 
8(p&aaE zoaovzov oaov IIdir]za dvEyvcoaivai zo ifj^qucfxa, nal fiiX- 
Xsiv dqdasiv zd dsdoyfiivaf tj 5' vaziqa avzijg inmazdyEzai -aai 
diExcoXvas fxi] diaqt&EiQaL naqd zoaovzov fisv rj MvziXrivi] i]Xd-s 
y.ivdvvov. L. rot;? 5' dXXovg dvdgag ovg 6 Tld'/rig dninEiixpEv cog 
jtizicazdzovg ovzag z7jg dnoaidaEcog KXicovog yvcofxri diiq)d^EiQav ol 
*j4&7]vaioi' ijaav ds oXi'yq) nlEiovg iiXlcov. y.a\ MvziXr^vaicov "zsix^ 

7 



146 ooTKTJiJor ZTrrPA^iHS. 

Ha&CiXoy y,at fovg naQiXa^ov. 2. vazeQov ds qoQov [ilr ova hu" 
iE,av udsa§ioig, ali'^QOvg ds noiriaavzeg jlqg yjjgy nliiv zijg M^^v- 
p.vaioav, TQiayi7.iovg TQiaxoGiovg fitv zoig '&eoTg tsoovg i^EiXov, etzI 
ct« zovg u).}.ovg aqjav avzcjv y^Xr^Qov^^ovg jovg Xafoviag aninm- 
xpav' oig aQyvQiov Aia^ioi ra^dixevot rov xXtJqov saccgtov rov Ivi- 
avzov dvo fxvag qjiqeiv, avzol siQyd^ovTO tijv yfjy. 3. naqila^ov 
ds xai la iv 7ij '^tzsiqcij noXiafiara ol 'AOrivaXoi oaoav Mviikr^vaXoi 
fXQaTOvr, y.ai vtzijxovov vcteqov ^AO^t^vaioov, rd fisv xazd AtG^ov 
ovtcog lytvstQ. 

LI. 'Ev bs TO) avTQ) d^sQEi ^std Trjv Atu^ov dXcoaiv ^A&iivaloiy 
Ni'AiQV Tov NmriQazov azQazT^yovvzog, lazQazsvaav IttI Blirmav 
Ttjv vjjaov, 7/ xeTzai tzqo MsyuQcov iygoovzo 8s avt'^ Tzvgyov Ivoi- 
'Aodofi/faaPTsg ol MsyaQTJg q)QOVQiq>. 2. i^ovXsTO ds Ni'Aiag rrv 
(fvXay.)jv avzo&ev di* sXaaaovog roTg 'Ad^r^vaioig, xal firj dno tov 
BovdoQOv yal ri^g JSaXaf-dvog eivai, zovg rs ntXonorvr^aiovg, OTzcog 
iirj noio^'zai ay.TzXovg avzo&sv XavOdvovzsg zqijiqcov zSy o'lov yal 
zo TTQiv yarouEvov, yai Xrjazcov Ey,noiiTtaigy zoTg zs MsyaQEvaiv u^ua 
^tjdsv EGTzXtiv, 3. sXo3v ovv duo zijg Ni6aiag tzqojzov dvo ni'Qyca 
TZQOtjovze fxiiiavaig ix 'daXdaai]g, nai zov sanXovv ig zo f^sza^v 
zi^g T^aov iXevx^EQcoaagj d7TEZEi)[its y.ai zo ek zijg tjtieiqov, jj yazd 
yscpvqav did zsrdyovg Im^ori&Eia jjv zy fjjacp, ov noXh disyovarj zr^g 
ijnEiQOv. 4. ag ds zoyzo i^EiQydaavzo iv ijiugaig oXt'yaig, vars- 
Qov dq yai ev zJi viqaop ZEiyog iyxazaXiTTOJV xai qgovgdv dvsycoQr^as 
ZM 6ZQazm. 

LII. 'Ttio ds zovg avzovg yijovovg zov ■i}EQOvg zovzov yai oi 
nXazairigy ovhezi tyovzeg oizov, ovds-'dvvdfiEroi TioXiOQyEiad^aij ^v- 
vE^rjaav zoTg nsXonovvj^aLOig zoioyds zQomp. 2. nQoaa^aXov uv- 
zmv z^ TEiyEij ol ds ovx idvravzo dfivvEdO^ai. yvovg ds 6 Aaxs- 
dai^onog aQycov zrjv daOivEiav avzmv ^in ^sv ovu e^ovXezo sXtXv' 
eiQrifitvov yuQ ijv avz^ ek Aaxsdai^oyog, onmgy si anovdai yiyvoiv- 
zo 7Z0ZS TTQog 'AOr^vaiovg, y.ai ^vyymnoTEv oaa TZoXs'fico ywQia syov- 
aiv sy.dzEQOi dnodldoaOai, luj dvddozog sit] rj UXdzaia chg avzcop 
SAOPZcov TTQoaycofirjadi'zcjv ' TZQoaTitfiTiEt ds avzoTg yriQvua Xayorzaf 
El ^ov)jovzai TZccQadovrai zi;v noXiv sy.orzEg zoTl, AaAEdai^ioriotg x«i 
diaaazaTg ixshoig y^QYiaaoOaij zovg zs ddlnovg 'AoXdi^Eiv^ naqd diytjf 
5« ovdt'va. 3. zoaavza fJih 6 xi^qv^ eItiev' ol dt', ijcjav yuQ jjdrf if 



LIB. Hi. CAP. LIII. LIV. 147 

tcp «o-L^iri'(Tr«Trp, nciQedoaav 7r]v noXiv. 'Aai zovg nXaraitag trQs- 
qov ol TliiloTTOvv^Gioi rifAbQag mvag, Iv oo(o ol in rijg ^a-AedaifAorog 
di'Aaaraiy Tzevie avdQsg, aqirAOVTO. 4. il&ovTOiv ds avroiv y.azijyo- 
Qia fdv ovdsfiia TiQoeit&i], v^Qcotcov ds avzovg iTziaalEadfiEvoi togov- 
zov fiopov, El 11 ylaxEdaiuoviovg aal tovg ^vfxfidxovg iy t^ noh'i^cp 
TO) Ha&EaTOjri dya&ov ri Eigyaaiiivoi elaiv. 5. ol 5' tleyoVf aliri- 
6u}JLevoi fjiaxQOTSQa eitieIv, nal TrQord^avTsg acjpcav avz^v ^Aarv^a- 
fov 78 70V 'AacoTZoXdov aal Ad'Acova rov 'AsifivrjazoVf tiqo^evov 
ovza AaxEdaifion'oov. yiai STZEl&ovzeg tleyov roiads. 

LIII. Triv {xsv TzaQadoaiv zijg noXEoag, oj Aa-AEdaifionoi, ni- 
rzEvaavzEg vfiTv irzoiTjadfiExya, oh roidvde dixi^v oiofisvoi vcpt%EiVi 
vofiifiaztQav ds ziva EaEa&ai, aai ip diaaazaTg ova ev dXloig de- 
^df.iEvo(, aanEQ aai iafiEv, yEvic&ai r/ vfuvy rjov/xEvoi zb iaov fid- 
Xiaz dv q]tQsa{)ai. 2. vvv ds q)0^ovfiE&a fit] dfiqioTtQcov aua f]{iaQ- 
ztjxafiEV' 70V 7E yaQ dyoava tteqi 7^v dsivozdzcov elvai Eiaozayg 

VTIOTZZEVOflEV HOI Vfi.dg flT] OV XOlVol d7Z0^7]ZEy ZE'AfiaiQOflEVOl 7TQ0- 

•narriyoQiag 78 rifJimv oh nQoy8yEvr]f4Evtjg ri )^Qt] dvzEinEiVy dl)! ah70t 
Xoyov yzijad^Ed^a, to rs EnEQcozruxa §QC^X^ ^^f ^ "^^ f^^^ dXi]Ori 
dno'AQivaod^ai Ivavzia yiyvEzai, ra ds \pEvdq slsy^ov syEi. 3. nav- 
za'/^o&Ev ds dnoQOi y>a&E6zojz£g dvayxa^o^Ex^a :iai dacfaltazsQov 
donEi slvai EiTzovzag 7i -AivdvvEVEiv ' xai yccQ 6 fit] Qr]{yEig Xoyog 
7oTg oad' tyovaiv alziav dv naqdayoi ag el iXty&t^f aa)7j]Qiog dv rjv, 
4. yaXsncjg ds sysi rj[ATv TZQog 7oTg dXloig xai rj TZEiOoi. dyvrnzsg 
fisp yuQ oprsg dXlrjlmv ETZEiaevEyxdiiEvoi [xaQivQia cop dnsiQOi 7]ts 
cocpElovfisO^ dp' vvp ds TZQog Eidozag ndvza Xsli'^ETaij 'aoI dtdifXEv 
GV'/l fXT] TTQOKazaypopzEg rjfimp 7dg aQEzdg ipaovg slvai 7ap vj^szs- 
QCx>v synXr^fia avzb TTOitjzs, dXXd fxrj dXXoig x^Qtv cpsoovzEg im di8- 
yraafitvriv agiaiv ^adiazco^E&a. LIV. naQE'piiEvoi ds ofimg a 
fj[0^£v di'y.aia TZQog 7S t« 0)]^ai(x)y didqjOQ/z nal ig vfidg hoi 70vg 
alXovg EXXjjvag 7av ev dEdQaafxtvcov VTZofivyaiv noiriao^Eda xat 
TTEidsiv TZEiQaaofiE&a. 2. (pafisp ydg nqog to EQCDzr^fia to ^Qctyv, 
El Ti AaxEdaifioviovg xiu zovg ^vfifidyovg ep tw noXEfiqi 7q)ds dya- 
dhv 7i£7TOi^AafA.Ev, El fisp cog TzoXeftiovg FQcozdzEj ovK ddrAEi'aOai 
I'Udg fxri ev Tza&ovzag, qjiXovg ds vof^iXopzag avzovg dixaozdvEiv 
udXXov zovg ijfup ETZiaTQCiZEvaapzag. 3. zd 5' ep zy EiQip'y xai 
jTQog 70P Mi'jdov dyadoi yEysvtjfiEda, T//r fih' oh Xvaavrsg vvv 



148 eoTKrJiJor srrrPA0H2. 

TiQotEQoiy TO) be ^vvETTi&efiSvoi TOTS BQ iXevd^SQiav Tjjg ^EXXddog 
fiovoi BoicoT(^v. 4. aai yccQ iiTieigojTat re bvzeg ivav^a](^Tiaa^ief 
ill 'Aqtbhioic^, f^^XV ^^ ^5 ^y '^Xi J?iM«7i(>« yxi yevofisvy TzaQsyevo- 
fisO^a vf4iv 7E nai JJcLvaavia' ei zt 7i alio v-ax ixeivov top yQO- 
fov iytpeio iTiimrdwov zoTg '^EXXtjgIj Ttdvtcov naqa dvvafiiv fisit- 
axofASV- 5. xa« vfiTv, ca Aa'Aebaifiovioii idia, ote tzeq 8f] fxbyiarog 
q)6§og fttQiiffir] tz/j' JEnaqxriv- fisza tov aEiauov rav ig ^I&wuVfV FA- 
Xtoimv 0.71061 dvscov J to tqiiov fXEQog ijfiav avzojv i^ETiEfixpafiEv ig 
ETZinovQiaV (xtv ovTc Eixog df^v?]fiovEiv. LV. ytal za fisv naXaik 
xai fiEyiaza zmovzoi rj^icoaafiEv ehai, nolt^ioi ds iyEvofiE&a vuzE' 
gov. vfiEig ds a^^/or dsofAtvcov yag ^vfi[Aa)[iag ots Qrj^aioi rjiidg 
E^idaavzOj vfisii diTEaaaa&s x«« ngog 'A&r^vaLOvg ekeXeveze zga- 
nsGy^ai ojg iyyvg 4vzag, vfjLwv ds fiangav dnorAOvvzcov. 2. Iv {itv- 

rOl T^ TloXEfiqi tvdsv ixTZgETZEatEgOV VnO TJlimV OVtS ETzd^EZE ovis 

ifiEXhjaazE. 3. el 5' dnoazTJvai'A&tjvaLov ovk ij^sXijaafiEv vfiav 
nsXEvadpzoov, ova ijdi'AOVfiEv ' aal yag eheivoi i^ori&ovv rjfAiv ivavria 
Orj^aioig ozs i'^s^g aTZcoxrEiTEj y.ai ngodovvai avrovg ovy.sti ?]v 
y.uXov, dXXcog rs y.QU o'vg sv Tza&cov ztg y.ai aviog dsofisvog TTgoatj- 
ydyszo ^v^fid^ovg 'aoi noXizsiag iisztXa^Ev, livai 8s ig za nagay- 
ysXXofXEva siHog 7]v Tzgo&vficag. a ds SKdzsgoi i^riyEia&E zoTg ^vfi- 
fxd'/^oigy 0V1 01 STZOiitvoi al'zioi ei zi [x?] aaXag idgdzs, dXX ol uyovzsg 
im za fit] ogOoog sy^ovza. LVI. Qrj^cdoi ds jzoXXa (aev xal dXXa 
Tjfidg TjdiHTjaav, zo ds zeXevzolov avzoi ^vnaza^ di* ansg yai zdds 
ndaioiiEv. 2. noXiv yag avzovg zjjv ruiEzsgav aazaXafi^ydvovzag 
iv GTZOvdaig, y>al Ttgoaszi iEgo{xr]via, og&ag izifji(og7]GdfiE&a, naza 
zov naai fouov aaOscFzaza, zhv iniovza TZoXtfiiov oaiov shai dfiv- 
vsa&aij aal vvv ova av sixozcog 5t' avzovg ^XanzoifXE&a. 3. slyag 
r^ avzUa XQ^^^f-^ vficjv ze aal iasivcov TZoXsixiq) zo diaaiov Xr>- 
\psax}Ej zov fiEv ogdov qjavslaOE ova dXrj&Eig agizal ovTsg, zo da 
^vfiq)Egov fxaXXov ■&sga7TEvovz£g. 4. aaizot si vvv vfXLV cocptXiixoi 
doaomiv slvai, tzoXv aal ijfJLElg aal ol aXXoi '^EXXr^vsg fxaXXov zozs 
ozE iv fXEiXovi aivdvvq) ?]ze. tvv fxsv yag szt'goig vfisTg inigyiEaO^s 
dsivoi' iv iasivq) ds z(p aaigco, oze ndai dovXsiav inscpEgEV 6 §ag- 
§agog, olds fXEz avzov i^aav. 5. aal diaaiov j]fAav zJjg vvv afiag' 
Tiagy El dga ruidgzrizai, dvziOsTvai zyv zozs Tigod^vniaVj aai fui^ai 
ze ngog iXdaato evg^aeze aal iv aaigoXg olg ondviov r^v zoov 'EXXq- 



LIB. III. CAP. LVII. LVIII. 149 

.mv tifcc uQETtjv 77] BtQ^ov dvvdfisi avTiid^aaO^at, imjvovvTo ta 
uttXXov 01 fj-fj Tcc ^vjiCfOQCi n()og Tt]v ecpodov avzoTg daqialeia nqda- 
60VTEg, i&tXovTsg ds ToXfidv fXEza yirdvvoiv tcc ^tXriata. 6. cav 
tjfitig Ysvofievoij aai 7ifi7]{)^i'vTsg ig id tiq^tu, vvv Ini tolg avtoig 
dtdifxsv fit] dtaq)daQafiev, 'A&7]vaiovg iXofXEvoi dmaimg fidXXov ?] 
Vfidg xEQdaXicog. 7. aaiioi iqij ravrd tteqi ra)v avrmv of^oicog 
q)UivE(j&ai yiyvcoaxovragj xai lo ^vf^q)EQOv fxrj dXXo ti i>o[A,iaai, ?/ 
twv ^vfifidxonv ToTg dya&oTg, ozav aEi ^t'^aiov zriv i<^Qiv rTjg aQSTijg 
Eimai Koi to naqavtUa nov rjfuv aqjEXifiov nad^iai'fjTai. LVII. 
nQoa'AExpaadi ze oti vvv fisv naQd^Eiyfia toTg noXXoig tcov 'EXXtj- 
i>o)v dvdQaya&iag vo(il^eg&e ' el ds tzeqi ijix^v yvcoasad^E fi?] za 
Elx6\;a, ov ydq dqjavi] ^qiveTzs rijv dixTjv TTjvdSf ETzaivoviAEvoi ds tteqi. 
ovd^ rjfiojv fXE(i7itmVj OQCCTS OTicog fiTj ovH dno^E^oavtai afdQojv aya- 
■&av TZEQi avtovg dfiEivovg ovtag dnqETTEg t« iTziyvoovai, ov8s TZQ^^g 
lEQOig toTg noivoTg aavXa dno Tjfioov toov EvsQyerojv TTJg 'EXXadog 
dvaze&tjvaL 2. 8eivov bs 86i,Ei Eivai TlXdzaiav udanEdaifioviovg 
fioQ&tjaai, xcce lovg f-iEv nazEQag dvayqdxpai ig tov ZQiTZoda top 
iv /JsXcpoTg 5t' aQEZTjv zrjv noXiv, vfidg ds nai in navzog tov 'EX- 
Xrjvmov Tzavoiarjaia did Ori^aiovg i^aXsTipai. 3. ig tovzo ydq drj 
^vfiqiOQug 7rQoxE)[^coQ^}(afiEVj ohivsg Mi'idcov re KQaztiadvrmv dnoX- 
XvfiE&ay 'Aoi, vvv iv viuv roTg nqiv qiXzdzoig Qri^aicov TjcacofiEd^cc, 
nai dvo dymvag zovg fisyiazovg VTZEarrjfAEv, zozs fisvy ttjv noXiv «* 
uri naqidofXEVf Xifi^ diacpdaQjjvaij vvv ds d^avdzov y.QivEa&(x.i. 4. 
xa« 7TEQiE(6GfA.Ed^a £x Tzdvzcov llXazaiijg 01 naqd dvvafiiv TtQO&Vfioi 
ig zovg "EXXrivag sQTjfioi nal dzificoQTjzoi' y>ai ovze zav zozs ^vfi- 
ud^cov (aq^sXEi ovdsig, vfXEXg ze, (a udaHsdaifiovioi, rj [lovtj iXnig, 
didifiEv [XTj ov ^t^aioi ijze. LYIII. naizoi d^iovfiEV ys, aai -Oeojv 
EVEna zoov ^vfifia^iHoov tiozs yEvofiEvoav, ytai ZTJg aQETijg trig eg 
zovg "EXXrivag xaixq)d^rivai vfidg nai fiEzayv^vai ei ti vno Orj^aiojv 
iTTEiaOrjZE, z?jv ts dcoQsdv avzanaizTJaai avzovg fit] hzeiveiv ovg fit] 
vfxiv TiQETZEi, Gc6q)Qovd ts dvzl aiaxQdg nofiiaaa&ai ^dqiVj aai fit] 
rjdovT]v dovzag dXXoig aamav avzovg dvziXa^Eiv' 2. ^Qct^v yaQ zo 
zd fifitzEQa acofiaza diacp&EiQaiy Ittitzovov ds zrjv dvaaXsiav avzov 
dqaviaa-i. otx ijd^Qohg ydq ijfidg EiHOzcog zificoQri<jEa&Ej dXX ev" 
vovg, naz dvdyxrjv noXsfiriGavzag. 3. ^aze xcci zmv acofidzmv 
udsiav aoioivzEg oaia dv dixd^oizs xoct nqovoovvzEg, ozc BKOVzas 



150 eoTKTjiJor srrrPAa>H2. 

f£ iXd^STS Kcu yeiQag 7TQol'(7)[Ofitvovgy 6 ds vo^iog 7oTg '^Eklr^ai f4\ 
XTsivsiv TOv^oi'Sy hi ds }icu evsQyttag ytyEvrnxhovg 8ia navjog. 

4. anopAxpate yaQ ig naxtQmv zmv v/astsqcov d^/jxag, ovgj oltto^ 
^avovrag vno Mtjdcov aai jaq)svzag iv zy rj^eitQa, izifjiafitp 
xara hog Exaazov drjfxoGia ia&/ifA,a(Ti zs not zoig alloig vofii- 
fioig, oaa zs 7] y7] T/fimv avsdidov coQaTaf Tzdvrmv anaQiag eni- 
q^tQdvzEgj avvoi fih in q'lXiag i^Qag, ^v^jiaioi 8s Ofiai'xfioig tiots 
ysrofitvoig. cov vfjieig zovvavziov av dQaaaize, fi?] oQO^^g yvovtsg. 

5. Gxtipaad^s ds' Uavaaviag fisv yuQ 'i&anzsv avzovg ro^i^cov iv 
y7j z£ qiilia zi&svai nai Ttag ardQccGi zoiovroig ' v[isTg 8s el v.zs- 
vsizs 7]fiag y.al ycoQav zr/v JlXazauSa Qri§ai8a noi^aEzSy zi aXlo 
1] iv nolsfxia ze xai TzaQcc zoTg av&svzaig TzaztQug zovg vfxizs- 
Qovg aai ^vyyspaigy azifj-ovg ysQOJv cov vvv loxovai, ^{azaXaiipsze ; 
TTQog 8s 'Aal ytjv iv y rjX£v{^SQc60rjaav ol "EXXrivsg SovXojgsze, IsQa 
zs 'dsodv oig sv^dfiEvoi MfjScov iy.Qdzijaav igt^fiouzs, xal O^valag 
zag TzazQiovg zav kaaa^ivoav y.a\ 'aziguptcov dcfaiQiiasad^E. LIX. 
ov TiQog zTjg vfiszbQag 86^7jg, co ytansSaiixoi'ioi, zdSs, ovie ig za 
aoiva zav EXXijvcov rofiifia nai ig zovg TZQoyovovg dfiaQzdvEiVf 
ovzs Tj^dg zovg EVEQyhag, dXXozQiag tvsxa syO-Qag, /.o/ avzovg 
d8rAr^{^kvzag, 8ta(p&ETQai,, qjEicaa&ai Ss yial iTzixXaaOJjvni, zy yrco- 
^H oiiizq-> G^qiQovi Xa^ovzag, [irj ojv TiEiaofiE&a fiovov 8£iv6zr^za 
:uizavoovvzagy uXX oioi ze uv bvzsg 7zdOoi[.iEv aal cog aGzd&fxi]-, 
zov zo zijg ^vf^qiOQcig, wzivi noz dr x«« dva^icp l^viinmoi. 2. 
riiiEig zSy cog ttqetiov ijfiiv y.ai dtg i) XQsla ngodysi, aizov^s&a 
vfidg, '&Eovg zovg ofiO^afAiovg aal noivovg zav 'EXXrivmv ini^o- 
mfiEvoi, TTEiaat za8sj TZQoqjEQOfiEvoi vQxovg ovg ol TzazsQsg i'//c5> 
MfioaaVy fxi] dfiV7]fiovEiv, ixhai yiyvousx^a vficov zmv TzazQcocov zd- 
q)a}Vj xat. iniviaXovixE&a zovg nE'Afyijjazag fxij yEvsa&ai vno Qi}- 
§aiotg ^ir^ds zoTg iyOiazoig cpiXzazoi ovzsg TzaQaSoO^Tjvai. ijfiiQag 
ZE uvafitfAVijaxofiEv ixEivrjgy rj zd XafinQOzaza fXEz* avzwv nod'^av- 
Tts, 7>vv iv zr^8e zd 8Eiv6zaza mv8vvevoiaev Tza&siv. 3. otzeq 8s 
dvayaouov ze aai yaXsTicozazov zoTg m8e ijovaiy Xdyov zEXsvzuVy 
8i6n yai zov piov 6 y.ivSvvog iyyvg fiEz avzov, nav6f.iEvoi Xtyofisr 
I'^dfj ozi ov Orj^aioig naQsSofxev zijv noXiv, EiXofiEOa yuQ dv ttqo 
}'{•• zoviov zcp aiayiGTCp oX^Oocn Xiji^ zsXEvzJjaai, Vfup 8e ntazEvaav- 
Tsg TTQooi'iXyyofiuv yai 8rAaiov, si fxi^ 7tei&0{iev, ig zd avzd naza 



LIB. III. CAP. LX— LXII. 161 

OT^carzas ^ov ^vvTviovia y.ivdvvov iaaat rjfiag avrovg 8)Jad^ai.t 
4. i7zia}i7j7zzof.itv TS afia fx^, TIlaTauig ovtEg, ol TiQodviioraxoi 
mQi tovg "EXX7]vag yEvofxevoi, Of]^aioig, zoig rjfiiv ix^d^iazoig, in 
Tmv vfiSTSQCov "^EiQOiV noi TTJg vfisrtQag nicFTEcogj ixszai ovzag, oo 
/iaxadaifzovioi, maQadod^rjvai, yevtcOat ds Gcazygag Tj(i,oov nai fit] 
zovg aV.ovg "EXXr^vag iXev&SQOvvzag Tjfxag diolsaai. 

LX. Toiavza fisv ol Illazaiijg elnov. ol ds Qi]^aToi dsiaav- 
zeg TTQog zov Xoyov avzoov [A.rj ol udaKsdaifionoi zi ivdaai, TTaQsl- 
dovzeg 'iqiaaav aal avzol ^ovleai^ai EineXvy eTzsidr] xai iy.sivoig 
Ttaga yvmfiTjv zr]v avzcov f^axQozEQog loyog id6\)'7j zijg nqog zo 
tQCozii(Jia aTTOHQiGEcog. mg 5' ixtXevaaVf elEyov zoiddE. 

LXI. Tovg fjiEV 7,6yovg ovit av rizijadfiEd^a eitteTv, ei xai avzoi 
BQa^Emg z6 EQmzT^d^sv dTtEXQivavzo^ xat fi?] etzi ijiiag zqanouEvoi 
xazTjyoQlav iTzoujaavzo, xai tieqi avzcov e^oj zmv TiQO'AEiiAEvcoVy aai 
afia olds ^TtafxtvmVj TTolXtjv rtjv anoloyiav, Koi Enaivov cav '()vdE}g 
EfiEfixpazo. vvv ds TZQog fisv za dvzEinEiv SeT, zojv ds 'iXEy^ov noi-q-' 
caa&ai, Iva juijzs tj rjfiEZEQa avzovg y>ama (ocpsly fxr^zs rj zovzmv 
do^a, zo 5' dXi^Osg tieqi d^cpozEQcav daovffavzEg nQivrjiE. 2. rjfiETg 
ds avzoTg didqjogoi iysvoiiE&a ttqojzov, ozi, r^fiav aziadrzcov TI)A- 
zaiav vazEQOv zrjg dXkrig Boimziag^ aai aXXa x^Q^^ i"^^' avztjgj a 
^viAfAiKzovg dv&QcoTTovg i^EXdaavzEg saxofiEv, om tj^iovv ovzoi, 
(aaTTSQ izdx^i] zo tiqo^zov, rjysixovEVSG&ai vcp rjfxav, s^ott ds zav 
aXXcov Boicozav naqa^alvovzEg za TzdzQia, ETTEid)] TTQoatjvayadl^ov- 
zo, TZQOGEiaQriGav TTQog 'A&rivaiovg y.ai {.iez avzav noXXd rjfidg 
E^XaTzzoVj dv\^ cov y.ai avzina^xov. LXII. iuEid)] ds y.ai 6 ^d.Q- 
SaQog r^X&Ev etzi ztjv 'EXXdda, (^aai fiovoi Boicoz^v ov fitjdiaai, y,ai 
zovzcp fidXiaza avzoi zs dydXXovzai y,ai Tjfidg XoidoQovaiv. 2. fjfiEig 
ds [X7]di6ai fiEV avzovg ov cfafisv diozi ovd^ '^&t]vaiovgj zy fisvzoi 
avzi] idea vgzeqov lovzcov "Ad^rivaicov sni zovg "EXXrivag fiovovg 
av BoiGizcov azzimaai. yiaizoi aatxpaaOa ev oicp eioei SHCCzsQOi 
r^fimv zovzo EUQa^av. 3. rjiuv ^sv ydg tj TioXig zoze szvyx^vEV 
ovzE y.az hXiya^x^av laovofxov TioXizsvovaa ovzs xaza dijixoxga- 
ziav ' OTZEQ ds EGZi vofioig fiEv Hat z^ ocoqjQovEGzdzq) ivavzimzazov, 
iyyvzdzoD ds zvQdvrov, dwaazsia oXiycov dvdq^v eI^e za TtQay 
uaza. 4. ttat ovzoi idiag dwdfisig iXTziGavzEg iizi [xuXXov (T/?/(T£«', 
SI '»■« zov M?jdov yQaz7JGE(s, xazt^ovzEg tV/vi zo TiX'ijO^og mriydyorV' 



152 eOTKTAlAOT ATrrPAfJ^IIS. 

TO avTov ' x«< 7j ^vixTzaaa nohg ovh avTOXQarooQ ovaa iavzrjg rovt 
STTQii^sv, old' iiliov avTy ovetdiaai cap fxtj fisTO, vo^mv ijfUiQTev 
5. lmid)i yovv o zs Mrfiog antjl&E xai jovg vofiovg eXa§s, aatxpa- 
G&ai yQti, l^'&Tjvaimv vategov imovKov, t)]v ts uV.tjv 'EXldda 
xai TTiv TifzereQav /ro^ccj; TZEiQcofttvcov vcp avToTg noieia&ai, xat* 
y^aicc ardaiv ifirj i^j^ovzcov aviTJg ik noXXd, eI ^layofJiEroi iv Koqco- 
vEia xaf vi'ATiaavTEg avrovg ■rjXEv&EQcoaaf.tEv zfjv BoicoTiav, xal Tohg 
aXXovg vvv TTQO&vfioog ^vvEXEv&EQovfisv, mnovg te naqEyovtEg x«< 
TZUQacxEVTjv oGtjv ov'A dXXoi rcov ^vf^ixdycov. 6. xal to, fisv ig tov 
fir]diafxov toaavTa dnoXoyovfiE&a. LXIII. w? 8e vfiEig fxaXXov 
-E rjdmtjy^aTE Tovg 'EXX7]vag K«t d^tmtEQoi iazE ^Tzdajjg ^tjfiiagj 
7TEiQaa6fXE&a aTZOcpaivEiv. 2. iytvEG&E etu rfi ij^eteqci TifKOQia^ 
wg QpaiSy 'A&rivaioav^vfiiiayoi xai noXlzai. omovv yQijv ta Tigog 
riiidg ^lovov v(idg EndyEG&ai avrovg, nai firj ^vvETiievai fXEz avToJy 
aXXoig, vnaqyov ys vfAiv, ei zi xal axovzEg 7TQoaT]yE60s vn 
^Ad^rivaicav, rijg zmv AaiiEdaiuiovmv zmdE Tq^ij Im t^ ^hjdcp Jt-^- 
fiu'/iag yEyEvri^Evr^g, riv avzol fidXiaza Tiqo^dXXEa&E ' ly^avrj yE 1]V 
flfiag ZE v/nav dnozQETZEiv 'Aoi zo fityiazov, ddsmg TzaQeyEiv ^ovXev- 
Ecd^ai. d7X EHOvzEg iiai oh ^la^ofiEvo^ hi eiXeo&e fxdXXov za 
"^O^j^vaimv. 3. xai XtyEZE cog aia)[Qbv ijv nqodovvai zovg svEQyszag ' 
noXv ds yE aiaxiov Kai adixcoTEQOv zovg ndvzag '^EXXT^vag aaza- 
'TTQodovvaiy olg ^vvco[A,6aazE, rj 'A&rjvaiovg fiovovg, zovg fxlv xaza- 
dovXovfi&vovg zt]v 'EXXada, zovg ds iXEv&EQOvvzag. 4. aal ovh larjv 
avzoig zi]v y^dqiv dvzantdozE olds alayyvyjg aTiTjXXay^svrjv. vfiEig 
[A.EV yaQ ddixGVfXEvoi avzovg, cog cpazE, EnrjydyEa&E, zotg ds ddmovaiy 
dXXovg ^vvEQyoi aaztazjjzE. xaizoi zag ofxoiag idgizag iirj dvzi- 
didovai alaiQov fiaXXov tj zag fiEza dixaioGvvrjg fisv ocpEiXrj&Eiaagy 
ig adiMav ds aTzodiSo^svag. LXIV. dJjXov ze inoiriCjazE ovds 
TOTS zcov 'EXXtjvcav evEna fiovoi ov ^rjdiaavzEgj dXX oti ovd' 
*A&r]vaioi, v^Eig ds zoig filv zavza ^ovXofiEvoi noiEiVy zoTg ds 
zdvavTia. 2. ^ai vvv d^iovzE, dcp oov dt^ STtQovg fyt'vEax}8 
aya&oiy ano zovrcov aopEXEiad^ai. dlX ovx Eixog, mgtteq da 
^AQrivaiovg eiXeg&e, zovzoig ^vvaymvi^Ea&E. 3. y.al firj 7iQ0(fEQETE 
Ti]v zozE yEvofiE'r7]v ^vvcoij.oaiav cog j^qt] dii avzTJg vvv 6c6t,Eadai. 
auEXiTiEZE yaQ avtrjv aai na.qa^dvzEg ^vyxazEdovXovoOE fxdXXop 
Alyivrizag y.ai dXXovg zivag zcov ^vvofiocrdvzoov tJ diE'AcoXvEzs^ 



LIB. III. CAP. LXV. LXVI. 153 

xai tavTU 0V7S axorreg 'iiovTug ts xovg vofxovg ovutzeq fit^rgi tov 
8evQ0 xai ovdevog vfxdg ^laaafxtvov coaTZSQ rjfxag. tijv zelsvzaiav 
IS TiQiv 7Z8QizE(iit,ea&ai TTQoxlijarv eg ijovpav v(i6oVf (oars ixrjdaTs- 
QOig ufivvEiv, ova idtjea&s. 4. tiveg av vfxoQv 8iy:at6teQOv nuai 
Toig '^E).Xt]cn fiiaoivro, otzivEg stzi t^ ixEi'vcov y.aMp avdgaya&iav 
TiQoviyEG&E ; >ca^ k [.dv tzots ^QrjGTOi lyivEG&E, cog qjari, ov TZQoa- 
rixovza vvv ETZEdEi^ars, a ds t] cpvGig cle] e^ovXeto, E^rfkiy^O^i] ig to 
dXfjx^eg. [AETcc yaQ ^^dr^vaicov adtxor odov lovtoov ixcoQtjaazE. 
5. Tct fxsv ovv ig tov yfiEiEQov T8 ay.ovaiov fiTjdiaf^ov xai tov 
vfiETEQOv 8K0VG10V atTiMaiiov TOiavTcc a7zoq)aivofiEv. LXV. a ds 
TElEvzatd q)azs ddixrjd^ijvai, noqavoixcog ydg eXOeiv j)fA,dg iv 
(JTTovdalg xai lEQOixijviaig ini tt/v v^etequv noXiv, ov vofiiZof^ev 
ovd' iv Tovzoig Vfxmv fidXXov dixagzEiv. 2. ei [aev yccQ r^fXEig avTOi 
TTQog T£ TTjv TzoXtv iXd^ovTEg ifA.a)(^6fi£&a '/cai Ttjv ytjv ibrjovfiEv aig 
TToXifiioi, ddiaovfiEV el ds avdQEg vfioov ol ttqojzol aai ^^QTjfiaai 
nal yivEi, ^iovXofiEvoi Tijg fiEV t^oa ^viifiu'ilag vfi-dg Tzavaai, ig ds 
TO, xoivd Tmv Tidvzoov Boimioov ndzQia yaiacTtjaai, iTZExaXiaavzo 
E'AOVTeg, Ti ddmoviiEV ; ol ydq dyovzEg naQavo^ovGi fiuXXov Tmv 
STiOfiivcov. 3. dXX ovx ixEivoi, cog ijfXEig hqivoixeVj ov\f r^fiEig' 
noXizai 88 ovtEg^ aaTZSQ vfiEigj xal tzXeico TzuQa^aXXofiEvoif to 
iavToov TETiog dvoi^avzEg itai ig ti]v avzojv tzoXiv qjiXioogj ov 
TToXEfiicogj aojiiaavTEgf i^ovXovzo Tovg te vfimv x^iQovg fij^Htzi 
uaXXov yEvia&aij TOvg ts dfisivovg tcc d^ia tx^iv, acoqiQOviGToc 
ovTEg T^g yvc6[i7]g Kai tcov GcofidTcov zrjv noXiv ova dXXozQiovvzEg, 
dXX ig Trjv ^vyyivEiav olxEiovvTEg, ijOgovg oldsvl xad^iGTdvTEg, 
dnaoi 5' ofioicog ivGTzovdovg. LXYI. TSXfi^Qiov ds cog ov 
noXsi-dcog in^dGGoixEV ' ovte ydg r^dix^GUfiEv ovdiva, tzqoeltioiiev te 
TOV ^ovXofJiEvov Ttaid Ta ndvTcov Boicozojv TzdzQicc tzoXiteveiv 
itvai TZQog ij^ag. 2. xai v^iEig aG^Evoi ^(^coQrJGavTEg aal ^vfi^aGiP 
noiriod^Evoi to [xsv nqcozov rjGvy^d^EzSj vgteqov ds HUTavorJGavjEg 
Tjfxdg bXiyovg ovzag^ si agcc xai idoxovfj,iv ti dvsniEVAEGTEQOV 
TTQu^ai ov ixsTo. TOV nXiq&ovg v^cov iGsX&ovTEg, to. ^iev ofxoia ova 
dvzanidoTS rifiTv, firJTS vEcoTsqiGai EQycpy Xoyoig ts tzeigeiv cogts 
e^eXOeiv, ini&efAEvoi ds naQa tijv ^vfi^aGiv, ovg {.isv iv .x^qgIv 
UTZEazEivaTEy ov^ ofioicog aXyovfASV aazd v6[xov yuQ d^ Tira 
tTrauxov' ovg ds x^lqag TTQoi'Gy^Ofiirovg aai ^coyQtjGavTsg V7Toox6f^i8- 



154 eoTKTJiJor ATrrPA^nz. 

poi 78 TjfiTv vGTEQOv fiij xTEveTv TTaQavoficog di8q&£iQazs, Ticog 09 
dtira EtnyaaOe ; 3. xai javza tqeTq adixiag iv hliyco TTnd^avTsgj 
rr^v 78 Xv0^8i6av ofioXoyiav aai 7av avdqmv 7ov vazfQOv {^dvaiof 
xat Tfiv 7I8QI avtav rjfiiv fitj yasivEiv xfjEva&ETaav vTzo&saiVy fjv ta 
er 7oTg dyQolg vfiTv (xtj ddixafiev, Ofxoag g;«7« Jjf^cig TzaQarofxJjaai 
xat alio] d^iov7S fij] dvzidovvai diHfjv. 4. ovHj tjv ys ovtoi za 
oqira yiyvcoG'ACoai' ndvTWv ds avzwv tvEna aoXaad^ijiJSods, 
[jXVII. yai ravTa, co ^anEdaif^ovioij 70vtov 8V8y.cc iTi8^tjX\yo^£Vf 
aai V718Q vfz^v nai ^jucoy, iva v/xsTg fisv 8idtjts dmaimg avimv xaza- 
yvcoa6ii8voif rjfi8Tg ds hi oaicozsQOV 787i[A.(OQ7jfisvoi, 2. xal firjTiaXai- 
ag aQsrag, 8i tig uqu y.ai 8y8V8T0, dacvovzsg i7ii>:laad?jT8y dg ^qij 
ToTg filv ddty.ovf^troig STzixovQovg 8haij 70ig ds alo'/qov 7i 5(jo5v3i 
diTzXaaiag ^r^fiiagj 07i ovk in 7iQoai]y.6vtmv d^aqzavovai. fDjds 
oXocpvQfio} xai oixtcp (Xi(f8l8ia&ajcciVj nmtQmv ts jdq)Ovg zmv 
vfiSTtQCov £7TiPoc6{ji8roi iiai 77jv c^fSttQav iQTjfiiav. 3. xai ydg ijfisTg 
drzaTTocpaiPOfiSv " noX).^ dsivozsQa 7za{}ovcrav zijv vno zovzav 
tjXiyuav Tjfimv Bisqi&aQfib'vriV, cov nuzsQsg ot fisv ngog vfidg tijv 
BoiojTiav ayovzsg d/is'&mov iv KoQmvsicCj ol ds nosa^vzai XeXei^- 
uivoi aai olmai sqtjixoi tzoIX^ drAaioziqav vfiwv [y.szsiav noiovvzai 
vovads zifimQi'jaaaO^UL. 4. oixzov zs d^mzsQoi zvyidvtiv oi dnqs- 
nsg 71 ndaxovzsg zmv drd^QcoTiosv ' ol ds dixaimg, aansg otds, zd 
ivavzia iniyaQzoi slvai. 5. yiai ztjv vvv igvifiiav di iavzovg siovai' 
xovg yuQ dfisivovg ^vfifid)[Ovg inovzsg aTzscoaavzo. TzantjvofitjCJdv 
€8 oh jiQona&ovzsg vq) ?)fimv, fiiasi ds nXiov i] dixy y.qivavzsg y.ai 
ova dvzanodovzsg fvv 7tjv lariv 7if^a}Qiav, 'ivvo^a yuQ nsiaoviai, 
icai ohyi in f^d)^t]g x^^Q^S TTQo'i'axofisvoi, ojaTzsQ q}aaiv, dXX dno 
^vfi^dasajg ig dixT]v cqdg avzovg Tzaqadovjsg. 6. d^vvazs ovVy 
w AaxsdaifJiovioi, xai zo} zmv 'EXXr^voov voficp vno zcovds naoa^a- 
&8VZI, y.ai TjfxTv uvoficc na&ovciv dvranodozs y^Qiv dtxaiav coy 
iTQo&vfioi ysysvi^fisO^ay xal fi)] zoTg 7cjvds Xoyoig TisQicoa&mfisv iv 
VfiTv, TTOiijaazE ds zoTg "EXXriai nagddsiyfia oh Xoymv zovg dyavag 
TTQod^riaovzEg dXX sgycov, cov dyaO^mv fxsv ovzcov ^Qa^sia ij dnay- 
ysXia d^xsi, dfiaQzavofjis'vcov ds Xoyoi 'insai 'AoafA,r^&8vzsg TTQOxaXvfi- 
Hdza yiyvovzai. 7. dXX rjv ol rjysfiong, aansQ rvv vfisigy ysqw 
Xaicoaavtsg TZQog zovg ^vunarzag diayvmiiag 7iGUj(jtja08j i^aaov zig 
iri ddUoig SQyotg Xoyovg xaXovg ^i^z^asi. 



LIB. III. CAP. LXVIII. LXIX. 155 

LXYIII. Toiavza ds ol 0f]^aToi dnov. ol 8s Aaaedaiiiovioi 

oi'Aaaiai. rofiiQovres to ^tteqcottkao, aqiiaiv oqucag e^EWy si ti sv tq> 

TtoXtfiqj vTi amav ayax^ov nenovdaait dioTi jcv ts aXlov ^novof 

i)^iovv dJ^d^ev avTovg xara rag naXaiag Uavaaviov fist a tov Mlq- 

dov anovdag ^6vj(^ci^eiv, xac ore vnregov, a tzqo tov TieQizEi^i^E- 

aOai nqoEiiovTO avioTgj xoipovg eivai xai iyma, cog ova idt- 

^avTOy tjyovfiavoi t\] savTOJV dixaia ^ovltjaei Exffnovdoi i\8ri vn 

avTOJV HCiKcog rtETiovO^tvai, av&ig to avro ava Exaurov naqayayov- 

teg xai EQcoTmvTEg ei ti Aay.E.dat^wviovg xal zovg ^vf4fzd](_ovg 

aya&ov ev tq> 7Zol8fA.cp dEdgaxoTEg Eiaiv, quote nq q)aTEv, and' 

yovTEg aTttxTEivov xa\ e^iqetov ETTOujuavzo ovdtva. 2. diEq,&Ei' 

Qav ds IlkaTaimv fisv avrav ovx iXdaaovg diaxooicov, "A&rivalmv 

ds TiEVTS xai Euoaiv, o7 ^vvEfioXtOQXovvTO • yvvaixag de ritdQano- 

diaav. 3. rr^p 8s noXiv inavTov [up Tipa Q/^^aioi Msyaqsmp 

av8Qaai xaTa CTaaiv IxnEnTrnxoai xai oaoi to. cq^ETEQa g)Q0- 

vovpTsg TIXaTaimp nsQiriaaPy sdoGap evoixeTp' v6teqov 5t', xax^E- 

XoPTsg avTriP ig tSaqjog ndoap ex t^p 'OEfiEXimPy mxo86fiT]aav 

TZQog 7Q) 'HQaiqt xazaycayiop diaxoaicop noSmVj navTay/i xvxX^ 

olxrifiaTa s/^op xdicodsp xa\ dpa&sPj xal OQoqaig xai '&VQ(6^a(ji 

Toig Tear nXaraioop £)[07jaapTO, xai roig dXXoig a ijp ep t^ tel'iei 

bTiiTzXa, r^aXxog xai gi8i]qoCj xXlvag xaraaxEvdaaPTEg dpe&Eaap 

Tij Hqa, xai veo)P sxazofiTzoSop Xl&irop mxo86iA.r^aap avTy. tijp 

8s yJjP 8)j^oaic6aaPTEg aTiEixia&oaaap im 8txa sri], xai epe^opto 

* Qri^aioi. 4. (jie8op 8s ti xai to ^vfiTzap tteqI TlXaraimp ol Aaxs- 

8aifi6pioi ovToog dnoTETQafiiiEPOi EyipoPTO Qij^aioiP spsxay pofti- 

^ovTEg Eg TOP TZoXsfiop avTovg aqri tots xad^iardfiEPOP caqpfP.t- 

{.lovg Eipai. 5. xai Ta \iep xazd nXdraiap etei TQirop xai irs- 

vrjxoaTM E7iEi8ij '^d'ljpaicop ^vfifia)^oi iyepopTO ovTcag eteXevtj]gep. 

LXIX. At 8s TsaoaqdxovTa vlJEg twp TIeXo710ppi](5io:)P «t 
Aso^ioig ^oTj&ol iXdovaai, cog tots cpEvyovcsai 8id tov naXdyovg, 
EX TS Tmv 'Adrjpaicov E7n8iaii\}Eiaai xai TZQog ry KQrJTri lEifAa- 
adEiaaiy xai an avTijg onoQCidEg, noog t?]p IlEXoTzovprjaop xarrj- 
pt2&r]<7ap, xaraXafi^dpovciP ep Ty KvXXijpri TQiaxaiSsxa TQirjQEig 
 AsvAadioop xai ^A^iTZQaxicotcop xai BQaoiSav top 2''tXXi8og it'/*' 
§ovXop ^AXxida inE7.t]Xv&6Ta. 2. e^ovXopto yaQ oi AaxE8a(ii6vioiy 
log Tijg Ata^ov ijuaQTi^xEaav, nXtop to pavri'AOP noiTjGaPTcg Eg 



156 QOTKTAIAOT ATrrPAa>II2. 

Vi]v KtQuvgav nlEvaai araaidl^ovaav, dadsxa fih faval fioruri 
naQovTcov 'A&r^vaicov tteqI Navnavaov, ttqIv ds jrltov ti im^otj- 
d^ijaai 8x 7WV ^A&rivmv vavrmov^ onwg TZQOop&dacoai' aal TzaQS- 
aasvdl^ovTO o te Bqaaidag yioi 6 'AhAidag ttqo? tavTa. 

LXX. 01 yaq KeQHVQaToL iaraaia^ov, STieidr] ol aixf^dXcotot 
yj7.&ov avToTg ol ex tcop tteqI 'Enidafivov vav/xaxicoVf vno Koqiv- 
Oiojv aqjEx^Evieg, T(p (aev Xoyqj OHtay.oaimv Talavzcav roTg ttqo'^e- 
voig di7jyyv7]U8vof, k'gycp 8s TiETiEiGfiEvoi KoQiv&iotg KtQ-AVQav ttqoj- 
Tioiljaai. aai STiQaoaov ovzoi, Exaazov tmv nohi^v fxETtovTEgy 
oTzmg anoczriacoGiv ^AOrjvaiojv Trjv Tzohv. 2. y.ai dquxofit'vr^g 
Aiti'Arig IE vEojg y,ai Kogiv&iag nQto^eig dyovaojv xal ig loyovg 
XdTaaidvtoDv, Eipr]qiiaavTO Keqxvqoioi 'A&Tjraioig fisv ^vfifia'j^oi 
ELvai ta ^vyxEifJLEvay JJElonovvriaioig 5« cpiloi, cjgtteq xal tzqote' 
Qov. 3. xai tjv yuQ IlEi&iag iOElonQo^Evog is zav "Adijvalmv 
y.ai 70V dtjfiov TTQOEiaT^xEi, vndyovaiv avzov ovtoi ol dvdQEg ig 
di-A7]Vy XtyovTEg A&Tjvaioig tijv Keq-avquv naTabovXovv. 4. 6 81 
a7zoq:vyo3v uv&vndyEi avToav rovg TrXovaicordiovg tzevie dpSQag, 
q;aaHcov ttfivEiv y^aQanag ek zov re /Jiog zEfiEvovg nai tov AIm- 
pov ' ^rjfiia 88 y.a(f ixdazjjv j^dgaxa etzexeito aratriQ. 5. oqiXov- 
7C0V 8s avTcjv xal nqog ta ieqo. tuEzav 'Aa&E^ofisvoDV 8ia 7zXri&og 
'^^i>* Kw^^^i OTzcog ra^d/JEvoi dnoSaGiv, 6 IlEid^iag, IxvyfavE yaq 
aai ^ovXljg coy, ttei&ei ojute rep wfiq) )^Qriaaff&ai. 6. ol 8' E;rE[8i] 
Tcp TE TOfiqf E^Eiqyovro aai a/xa mvv&dvovro xov Thid^iav, tcog 
ETi ^ovXrjg EGTi, (ieXXeiv to TiXjjOog dvansiaEiv zovg avxovg 
Ad^rivaioig q)iXovg zs Tiai ix&Qovg roiii^siVf ^vviazavzo r£, aai 
Xa^ovzsg Ey)^EiQi8ia E^anivaioag ig zi]v ^ovXrjv EGEX{^6vzEgy zov zs 
IlEi&iav xzEivovGi, aat aXXovg zcov ze ^ovXevzoov xai i8imzav eg 
E^riAOvza. ol 8e zivsg zi]g avzfjg yvmfitjg z(p IJsi&ia oXLyoi. ig 
zr^v Azzi'a\v ZQi^QT] xazsqivyov hi naqovGav. LXXI. 8QdGav- 
Tsg 88 zovzo aal ^vyxaXsGavzEg KsQAVQaiovg eJtzov on zavia 
KOI ^sXziGza EiTj y,ai rjHiGt av 8ovX(o&eiev vn Ad^r^vaicov, z6 ze 
Xotnov iJiii8ETEQ0vg 88iEG&ai aXX ^ fiia viji ijai^d^ovzag, zo 88 
nXsov TToXsfxiov rjyETG&ai. ag 88 slnov, -Aai ETZixvQcoGai rjvdyAa- 
oav z)iv yvc6^7]v. 2. niiAnovGi 8s y.at eg zag ^AQ{]vag svQvg 
noEG^Eig TiEQi ZE zoov TZETiQayfxtvcov 8i8d^ovzagy cog ^vv8q:EQE, xm 
Tovg ixEi aazaTiEqiEvyozag nEioovzag fA.r]88v dvEmT7]8uov TiQaGGtiv, 



LIB. III. CAP. LXXII— LXXV. 157 

OTZtag fJLTi rig tmaiQO^pq ytvi^rai. LXXII. iX&ovToav ds, oi 
*u4&ijvaiOL zovg re nqta^eig cog recoTEQi^ovTag ^vlla^ovzegj nai 
oGOvg 87i£i6av, xaT8&evTo ig Alyivav. 2. Iv da toviq) tmr Keq- 
xvQaicov 01 s'lOVTEg to, TZQayfiata lld^ovaqg TQir^QOvg KoQiv&iag 
xat yiaxsdaifiovicov ttqso^sojv miTid^Eviai T(p 8i]fAcp, aai {la^^Of^evoi 
hUvaav. 3. dqimofie'vrjg ds vvvaog, 6 filv dr/fxog ig Z7]v axQOTiohv 
y.al TO, fiETtcoQa zijg Tiolsmg aajacpevyEij 'aoI avzov ^vXleyeig 
IdQv&T], nal zov 'TlXahov Xifiavoc el/^ov ot ds zrjv zs dyoQav 
naztXa^oVj ovtzsq ot tioXXoI (^xovv avzcofj y.al zov XijAtva zov nQog 
avzy nal TtQog zijv /jtzeiqov. LXXIII. zy 5' vozeqaia ijxQO^oli- 
aavzo ze oXiya^ nal ig zovg dyQOvg 7teqie71e(A710v dfiqjOZEQOi, zovg 
dovXovg naqanaXovvzEg zs nal iXEvOEQiav vniGyvovixEvoi' nal z^ 
ulv drjficx) zav oinEzmv zo nXri&og TiaQEytvEZO ^viAfia)(^ov, zoig d* 
iztQOig in zr/g tjtzeiqov inlnovqoi onzanoGioi. LXXIV. diaXmov- 
67^g 5' Tifiigag f^dyj] avi^ig yiyvEzai, nal nna 6 dt]fiog, yoiQicov 
ZE iaivL nai TzXrjdsi TiQOtyojv' al zs yvvainsg avzoig zoXixrjQOjg 
^vrsTiEXd^ovzo ^dXXovaai dno zav oinmv z^ nEgdfiqt nal Tzaqa 
(fvaiv VTZOfiEvovaai zov Ooqv^ov. 2. ysvoiiivrig ds zijg ZQonijg tzeqI 
dsiXTjv oipiav, dsiaavzEg ol oXiyoi firj avzo^osl 6 dijfj.og zov zs 
vEcoQiov nQaz/jasiEv, insXdmv nal ccpdg diaqj&EiQEiEv, ifiniTiQaai 
Tag oiniag zag ev nvnXcp z'tjg ayogdg nat zdg ^vvoiyJag, OTZcog 
firj n sqiodog, qjEtdofj^svoi ovzs oinsiag ovzs dXXozQiag ' cjcts nal 
^q^\iaza noXXd ifiTTOQmv nazsnav&T] nai tj noXig inivdvvEvas ndaa 
diaqiOagT^vai, £i dvs^og iuEyivszo zri cpXoyl iniq^OQog ig avT7]v, 
3. nal ol fiEv TzavadfxEPoi ztjg l^dyrrig mg sndzsQOi rjavxdaavzsg zr^v 
fvnza iv cpvXany ijaav' nai ?] Kogiv&ia vavg zov dfifjiov nEnQazy 
nozog, VTZE^avriyszo, nai zoov ininovQcov ol noXXoi ig z?]v jjtteiqov 
Xa&ovzsg di£no(Aia&riaav. LXXV. zy d^ iniyiyvoiiivy ^f^tQos, 
NmoazQazog 6 /luzqicpovg, ^Ad^rivaimv azQaz7]y6gf naqayiyvszai 
^oijO^v in NavTzdnzov doodsna vavai nai Megct^vicov nEvzanoaioig 
bnXizaig' ^v^i^aoiv zs ETzqaaoSy nai nsid^Ei wazs ^vy'j^(oq7]6ai 
dXXr^Xoig, dinu fxsv dvdqag zovg aiziojzdzovg nqivai, ol ovn&zi 
tfiEivaVf zovg d' aXXovg oiaeTv, anovdag nqog dXXijXovg 7ion]aa[X8' 
vovg nai Tiqog A&tjvaiovg, aazs zovg avzovg i/^&qovg nal q)iXovg 
pofii^Eiv. 2. nai 6 [xev zavza nqd^ag EfXEXXsv dnonXsvasad'ai' 
oi de zov djfiov TTQOCTazai 7tei&ov<^iv avzov nivzs ixsv vavg ziav 



153 oorKTJiJOT ATrrPAfi*ii2. 

avtov acpiai xazahTzeTv, otzojq r^aaov ri iv air^aei (^clp ol ivaviioi, 
taag de avtoi TiXr^Qcoaavieg in ccpmv avToov ^vfxTrtfAiptiv. 3. yul o 
(Aev ^vv£X(6Qj]a£v, ol ds 70vg ix&Qohg xaj^Xayov ig rag vavg. dsi 
cavisg ds ixeivoi fii] sg tag ''Aiyiivag aTzoTzeixqiOmoi xad^i^ovffiv eg 
70 rmv /JioaxovQOJv leQor. 4. NixooTQarog 8s aviovg artaTrj re 
acu TzaQEfiv&siTO. cog 5' ovu 'insii^ev, 6 d7j[xog bnho&tig im ry 
n()0(f,aaEi ravTij, cog ovdtv avioov vyisg diaroovfAtvcov zy zov fiTj 
^vuTzXsTv aTTiaTia, td ts on).a avzmv ix rmv oiximv tJ.a^s xal 
avioop Tivag oig stiszv^^oVj ei ^// AhxoarQazog ixaXvae, di8(f&£iQav 
av. OQavieg d' ol aXXoi ta yiypofisva xad^i^ovaiv ig to 'Hqcliov 
Ixszai xai yiyvovtai ovx iXdaaovg zezgaxoaicov. 6 ds dJjfiogf 
dsiaag fii] zi vsmzBQiamaiv, dviGzrjat zs avzovg, nsioagj xai diaxo- 
fii^ai eg zrjv nqo zov 'Hqalov vr^aov, xal za STiiz^deia ixEias 

aVZOig dlETtt'^TTEZO. 

LXXVI. T/jg ds GzdaEcog iv zovzq) ov(J)]g, ZEzaQzy y nifiTizij 
i]fiEQa fiEza zTjv zav dvdQOJV ig zijv fijaov d(ay.o^(8i]v, al ix zT^g 
KvXlrjvrjg nsXoTiovrTjaioJV vrisgy fXEza zov ix zTjg 'Jcoviag nlovv 
E(pOQiioi ovaaiy naQayiyvovzai ZQsTg xai TiEvzi^xovza ' iiqie ds avzoSv 
^AXxidag^ 03(j7iEQ xal ttqozeqov, xal Bqaaidag avzqj ^vf([iovXog ink' 
tzXei. oQfiiadfiEvoi ds ig 2^v^oza Xi^iva zt^g titzeIqov kfia i'o) ini- 
tiXeov zy Keqxvqk. LXXYII. ol ds noXXco d^0Qv[iq>, xal TisqiO' 
Bf]f4.Evoi zd % iv zy noXei xal zov ininXovv, naQsaxevd^ovzo za 
afia i^t]xovta vavg, xal zag dsl nXriQov^Evag i^sneuTtov TiQog zovg 
ivavzLOvg^ Tzagaivovvzcov AOr^vaicov aq)dg zs idaai ttqcozov ixjiXsv- 
craiy xal vazsQOv ndaaig dfia ixeivovg imyEvia&ai. 2. wg ds av- 
zoig TiQog zoXg fioXEfiioig Jjaav GTTOQddsg al vrjsgy dvo filv ev&vg 
r]vzofi6X7]aav, iv izigaig ds dXXTjXoig ol ifxTzXeovzEg ifid/^ovzo • t^v ds 
oldslg xoaiAog zmv noiovfiEVCov. 3. idovzsg ds ol HtXonovvxiaioi 
rl]v zaQapjv eixoai yilv vavcl nqog zovg KsQ^vqaiovg ezd^avzo, 
raig ds Xoinaig nqog zdg dcodsxcc vavg zmv ^y4&r^vaio)Vf cov tjaav 
al dvo J^aXafima xal UdgaXog. LXXYIII. xai ol fisv Keqxv- 
oaToi xaxojg zs xal xaz oXiyag nQOGninzovzsg izaXainmQovvTO 
yiaOr avzovg" ol d* 'A&tivaioi, q}o[iovfi£voi zo nXij&og xai zijv 
TZEQixvxXcoaiv, dOQoaig filv ov nQoainmzov, ovds xaza iitaov zaig 
i(p savzovg zEzay[A,tvaig, nQOG^aXovzsg ds xaza xigag, xazadvovai 
uiav vavv, xai fiEza zavza xwXov za^afiivmv avzav mQitTiXeop 



LIB. III. CAP. LXXIX — LXXXI. 159 

Mcl iTTEiQOdvro d^oQi'^ecv. 2. povTsg ds ot TTQog roTg KegxvQaCotg 
xai deiGCiVTsg fit] ontQ h Navndxzcp yivouo eTTi^orjx^ovai' xai 
yEvoiierai dOQoai at vijeg aficc tov etzitzXovp loTg u4&i]vaioig moi- 
ovvto. 3. 01 5' V7TEX03QOVV ijdi] TTQVfivav xQOVOfxevoi ' aai txua Tag 
TcSv KsQxvQaicov f^ovXovto TTQOxaraqjvyEiVj on fA^dhcra savzav 
G^oXy T£ vTio'/^ojQOvvTcov, xai TiQog Gq)dg zETayf^Evoov rcoy Efavzicov. 
4. Tj fiEV ovv vavfiaxicij toiavzT] yEvo^Evt], iiEXEvza ig ijliov dvaiv 
LXXIX. Kal 01 KEOKVQaioi, dsiaavTEg fxr] a(fic!iv etzitzXev' 
cavzEg ETil ZTjv TzoXiv, c6g nQazovvzEgy ol TToXtfiioi, t] zovg in zijg 
vijaov dvald^mGiVj ^ Kal dXlo ri vEtazEQiacoai, zovg ze ex zlijg 
vijGOv ndXiv ig zo 'Ilqaiov diExofiiaav xai zfjv noXiv EcpvXaaoov. 
2. ol 5' ETzl fiEV zr^v noXiv ovx izoXfiTjuav TzXEvaai xqazovvzEg zrj 
vavfiaxia, ZQEig ds xal dExa vavg E^ovzEg zav KEQxvgaicov umetiXev- 
6av ig ztjv titteiqov o&evtteq dvriydyovzo. 3. zy 5' vazEQain ini 
fiEV zi]v TzoXtv ovdiv fxdXXov inETzXEOv, xaiTZEQ iv noXXy zaQaiy xai 
qjo^op ovrag xai Bgaaidov TzaQaivovrzog, wg XiyEzai, 'AXy.ida, lao- 
xp/l(j!0V ds ov'A bvzog' ini 8e zsjv yllEvxi^vT^v zo dxQonfjQiov dno- 
fidvzEg inoQd^ovv zovg dygovg. LXXX. 6 ds d7ifA.og zav Keqxv- 
gaicov iv zovzcp, TTEQidstjg ysrofiEvog fJU] iTiinXEvaoioiv at njEg, zoTg 
zs IxEzaig ysaav ig Xoyovg xal zoTg dXXoig, oncog a(a&rja£zai tj tzo- 
Xig. xal zirag avzojv ETiEiaav ig zdg vavg ia^r^vai' inXriQtoaav 
yctQ oficog zgidxovza [^nQoadsyofjiEvoi zbv ininXovv]. 2. ol ds Us- 
XoTTOvvjjaiOL f^EjQi fxiaov Tji^iEQag drjcoaaTZsg ziiv y7]v, dninXsvaaVf 
Mat vno vvxza avzoig iqsQVxzcoQriO^riaav s^r^xovza vlqEg 'AO^yvaicov 
rzQoanXtovaai dno Asvxdhog ' dg ol ^Ad^ijvaioi, nvv&avoiiEvoi ztjv 
azaaiv xai zag [xez 'AXxidov vavg ini KtQxvgav iisXXovaag 
nXsiVj dTZEGTEiXav, xal EvQVfxidopza zbv QovxXiovg GZQazrjyov. 
LXXXI. ol fiEV ovv riEXonovpriGioi zrjg vvxzbg svOvg xazd zdy^pg 
(xofAL^ovzo in o'lxov nagd zijv yrjv xal vnEQEVEyxovzsg zbv Aev- 
xadicov iG&fxbv zdg vavg, onmg fit] nsQinXiovzEg 6(Ji&6jg(v, dnoxo- 
fii^ovzai. 2. KEQxvQaioi ds, aiG{}6ftEP0i zdg ze ^^zzixdg vavg 
nQOGnXsovaag, zag ze zoov noXEf^icov oixofiivag, Xa^ovzsg zovg zs 
MEGGijviovg ig zrjv noXiv r'lyayov nqozEQOv e^od bvzag, xal zdg vavg 
TZEQinXEVGai xEXsmavzEg dg inXijQooGav ig zbv 'TXXal'xov Xifitray 
hv oGcp nEQiExofxi^ovTOj zojv i/&Qmv El ziva Xd^oiEV, dnt'xTEirov' 
y.ai EX z(hv vE^v oaovg snEiGav iG^qvai ix§(^d^orzEg dnEyi^mQ^GaVt 



160 ooTKr/liJor ATrrpA<t>H2. 

sg TO HQaiov re iX&ovTsg rmv ixstcjv cog nevnq^ovra ardQag 81- 
y.7]v VTToaxtTv sizeiaav aal xareyvcoGav navtcov d^dvarov. 3. ol dd 
nolXoi 7WV iHETcoVj 0001 ovh eTiEitj&Tjaav, cog scoqcov ra yiypofieva, 
ditcfO^siQav avTov iv rep tegm dXXfjlovg itcu ix todv dndgcov rivsg 
amiyyovxOj ol 5' cog exaatoi idvvavTO avt^Xovvto. 4. rjiitQag tt 
STTicij ag dcpiy.ofisvog 6 EvQVfisdcov raig i^i^xovza vavai TzaQtfieivs, 
KeQxvgaioi 6q)av avrojv rovg i^&QOvg doHOvvrag dvai iq:6vevov. 
z)]v fiEv aiiiav emcp^Qovzeg roTg top dJjfAOv xaTaXvovaiv, d^rt&avop 
ds Tivsg y.ai idiag tjOgag fVfxa, nal dlXoi )[Qi]fidiTcov acpiaiv ocpei- 
Xoutvcov vno T{£>v la^ovTcov' 5. ndcd te idsa aaTEGTi] ^avdrov, 
KOI oiov (fiXeTiv t^ roiovrqi yiyvEaO^ai, ovdh o, rt ov ^vvE^t] xat 

8Tl TlEQaiTEQCO. 'AUl ycCQ TZatlJQ TZUlda dnE'ATElVE XOLl duO Tchv lEQOOP 

dnEaucovTo ycii ngog avroTg ekteivovto, ol Se Tivsg xal tzeqioi'ao- 
dofii^d^EVTEg iv zov Jiovvaov rqi Isq(^ dnE&avov. 6. ovzcog cafju] 
ardaig tiqovicoqtice ' xai edo^s fidXXov, diori iv roTg ttqcottj iysvs- 
TO, LXXXII. iTiEi vGTEQov ys xcu ndv, cog eiheTv, to 'EXXtjvi'aov 
iy.ivri&i]j diacpoQoov ovamv SAaoTa)^ov roTg te twv dijiiojv ttqo- 
ctdTCug Tovg ^uid^rivaiovg indysa&ai you roTg 6/Jyoig rovg yiay.s- 
Saifioviovgj ycti iv [asv Eigrjvri ov-a dv i^ovtcov ngocfaaiVy ovd' izoi- 
[icov 7zagaya).8iV avrovg' nolEfiovfiEvcov ds, yal ^viiiiaiiag ufia 
iyazegoig Ty Tmv ivavricov xaxcoaEiy xal acpiaiv avzoTg in rov av- 
Tov TigocjTzoiijaEi, gadicog al inaycoyal roTg vscozEgi^eiv ti ^ovXo- 
fiEvoig iTiogit,ovTO. 2. yai inknEaE noXXa. yai ^aXEnd yuTa azd- 
CIV TOig tioXegi, yiyvofisva fisv yal dsl iaofiEva, twg dv ij avrt] 
cpvaig dv&gconcov tj, fxaXXov ds yai. Tjav^aitEga yai ToTg Eideai dir]X- 
Xayi^Evay cog dv Exuarai al uETa^oXal twv ^vvtvxioov iqnatrnvTai. 
iv filv ydg elg^vrj yal dya&oTg ngdyfjiaaiv ai te noXeig yai ol Idim- 
zai dfiEivovg rdg yvco/xag t)^ov(ji did to [xtj ig dxovaiovg dvdyyag 
TTiTZTEiV 6 ds noXefxog, vcpEXoov TTjv Evnogiav tov yaxf TjjjiEgav, di- 
alog diduayaXog yai ngog Td nagovTa rdg bgydg Tav noXXwv 
ofiOioT. 3. iazaaia^E te ovv rd tcov tioXecoVj 'aoi rd iq>vajEgit,ovTa 
7Z0V, nv6TEi Toov TzgoyEvofiEvcoVy TzoXv ineqiEgE Tt]v vnEg^oXijv tov 
^uivovffd^ai idg diavoiag tcov t iniyEig^aEcov nEgiTEp/ijaEi you rmv 
rificogiwv uTonia. 4. yai ri]v EicodvTav d^loocyiv Tmv ovofidzcov ig 
rd f'gya avrriXXa^av zjj diyatcoGEi. roXf^ia fXEv ydg aXoyiazog dv- 
dgeia cfiXktaigog ivofAiaOrj, utXXjjatg ds ngofiridijg deiXia evngEnrfg^ 



LIB. III. CAP. LXXXII. 161 

TO ds coJcpQOv rov dvdvdQOV TTQoaxrjfAa, y.ai to ttqoq anav ^vvetof 
87zt Tidv aQyov' to 5' iiA,7zh]xzojg o^v dtdgog f^oiQa nQoaEttdri^ 
doqidXeia ds to eTn^ovlevaaa&aiy dnozQonrig TTQoqjaaig evXoyog. 
5. xaf 6 ixsv '/^akE7iaiv(av niozog deiy 6 5' dvzilaycov avzm vnontog. 
BTTi^ovXEvaag ds rig rv^oav ^vverog aac vTzovorjaag sn deivoreQog' 
nQo^ovXevaag ds, onmg fit]dsv avimv ds^asi, Trig "^^ STaiQiag diaXv- 
Tijg xai Tovg ivavtiovg iHTZSTzXtjyfievog. dTzXag ds 6 cpO^daag tov 
fitXXorta aaxov ti dqav snrivsitOj y.ai o STZixeXevaag tov f^rj diavo- 
ovfiEvov, 6. aai {.iriv nat to ^vyyevsg tov STaiQiaov dXXoTQixoTSQov 
iytvETo did to szoifioTSQOv elvai dnQOopaalatodg ToXfidv ov ydo 
lisrd Tmv yiEijisvoov vofxcov mqjsXeiag at Toiavtai ^vvodoi, dXXd 
naqd TOvg xad^eoTooiag TiXsovs^ia. aui Tag eg aqiUg aviovg niCTstg 
ov Tcp d^eicp v6(xcp fidXXov inQazvvovTO y Tcp y.oivri ti naQavOfxri- 
ocu. 7. Td TS dno tcov ivavTicov >iaXoog Xsyof^sva ivsdtjovio sq- 
ycov (fvXany, el TZQOv/^oisr, itai ov ysvvaioTtjTi. dvTiTi(4.coQtj6aa{)^ai ts 
Tiva TtEQi TzXsiovog 7jv 1] avTOV [At] 7ZQ07ia&£iv. y.ai oq'aoi si' nov 
dqa ytvoivzo ^vvaXXayijg, iv tm avzUa nqog to dnoQOv s-AaTtQqy 
didofisvoi io)[vov ova IfovT^xiv uXXod^sv divafiiv iv ds Toj naqaTV- 
yovTi qj&d^ag d^aQaHjuai, si idoi dq^^QaxTov, ijdiov did Ttjv tzigtiv 
STifi(y)QsiT0 1] duo TOV TTQoqjavovg, aai to ts dacfaXsg sXoyi^sto 
'Aoi on dnaTxi nsQiysvoiisvog ^vvsascog dyconaficc TiQoaeXdfi^avs. 
QCiov 5' 01 noXXoL naxoi'Qyoi ovTsg ds^ioi aexXr^vTai rj df^ad^sTg 
dyad^oi, xal t^ [isv ala)(^vvovTai, sni ds to) dydXXovrai. 8. Tidv- 
TCOV 5' avTOJV aiziov dQXi] */ did TiXsove^iav aai qiiloTiiiiav' sa d' 
avTay xal ig to (piXovsixsiv ita&i(jTa[xsrcov to nQO&viJLOv. oi ydg 
iv TaXg noXsai nqoaTavTsg fisz orofxazog sadTsqoi svTTQsnovg, nXri- 
d^ovg TS horofitag noXiTixijg xai dQiaToxQaziag ococfQovog tzqoti- 
ftriast, Td [xsv xoivd Xoyqi &SQansvovzsg ad^Xa snoiovvTo, navTi ds 
TQomx) dycovi^oiisvoi dXX^Xcov nsQiyiyvsa&ai izoXfujadv ts Td dsi- 
voraza sTishjeadv ts, zdg TificoQiag szi fisi^ovg, ov fitjgi tov di- 
aaiov aal Ty noXsi ^vpKpoQOv Tzoozidsvzsg, ig ds to sxazsQOig nov 
ds\ ridovj]V s^ov ogii^ovTsg, aal rj fiszd \p}jq)0v ddiKOv xazayvmas- 
oag, 1] isiQi, azcafiSvoL to hqutsiv, sToi^ioi r^aav Triv avTiy>a qsiXovsi- 
y.iav iy.7zifA.7iXdvai. coazs evas^ic^ [isv ovdiztgoi svofxi^ov, svTTQsnsin 
OS Xoyov olg ^vu^air] inicp&ovcog zi diuTTQa^aa&ai, dixsivov ijxovov, 
x« ds [xeaa tojv noXizmv vn d[iq)0TiQC0Vf ij ozi ov ^vvT^youvil^orTO r. 



102 ooTiirJiJOT ATrrPAfiijiz. 

cp&6v(p 70V mqmvai discp&efQovTo. LXXXIII. ovtco naaa idJa 
y,aTt'(JT)] y.axoTQOTZLag dice jag (jTauEig Tcp 'Ellijviy.m, y.a\ to evr]- 
Oegy ov TO yevraiov nltunov ^isr^jei, naTayElaaOh jjCfaviaO?], to 
8s avTiTETax&at alhjloig TJ yrojuri aniGTwg inl nolv dujvEyxep' 
2. ov '^ccQ ijv 6 dia).vaG)v ovts Xoyog fx^'Qog ovis oQ'Aog qo^EQogj 
yQEiaaovg ds ovzEg aizavteg Xoyiaficp ig to aveXmcTov tov §E^ai- 
ov, fii] Tiad^ELV ficiXXov TZQOEay.drtovv ij niazevaai idvvavTO. 3, xal 
01 qjCivXoTEQOi yvc6fi7]v (ag ra tiXeig) TiSQiEyiyrovzo' toj yaQ dtdit- 
vat TO TE avTmv irdEtg aal to tco*' ivavTioov ^vvetov, fi)j Xoyotg ts 
rjaaovg caa/, yal ix tov ttoXvtqotzov avtmv Tfjg yrc6ut]g q^d^uaoocji 
rTQOEm^ovXEvo^Evoi, ToXfir^Qwg TZQog ra tQya e/ojqovv. 4. ol ds 
naTaq^QorovpTsg xav 7tQoaia&E6d^ai ya\ sQyqi ovdev cqiag dsiv Xafi- 
BoLVEiv a yroofiYj e^egtiv aqjQanToi fxaXXov di£q)&EiQ0VT0. 

LXXXIV. 'Ev 5' ovv Trj KsQyvQa tol noXXk avTOjp ttqoetoX- 
|MJy{^/7, y.al bnouci v^qei {xev dQx6f4£voi to ttXeov ?/ aojcfQoovrri vno 
T&)v Tijv Tiy.03Qiav 7iaQaai6vT(ov ol dvTafAVvofiEvoi dgdaEiaVj Tzsvtag 
ds Ttjg Eiaiiyviag dnaXXa^EiovTsg TtvEg, fidXiaTU 5' dv did nd&ovg 
iTzi&vfiovvTsg Ta rcay niXag Eysiv, naqd dixrjv yiyvoja'AOiEV, ot re 
utj im nXsovE^icc dno laov ds fidXtdTa smovzEg, drzaidEVGin oQyjjg 
nXsiaTOV ixq^EQOfisrot wfimg nal dTiaQaiTi^zcog etze'X&oiep. 2. ^vv- 
TaQax&EVTog te tov ^lov ig tov yaiQOv tovtov tij tzoXei, -accI too*' 
toficav nQazjjaaaa ^ dvO^Qmnsia cpvaig, Eim&via y.a\ naQk Tovg 
vofiovg ddiHEiv, daiiEvij Ed)]XcoaEv dyouTT^g fisv OQvijg ovaa, xqeig- 
(jcov ds TOV dinaioVj noXsnia ds tov TiQov'/^ovTog ' ov ydq dv tov 
TS oaiov TO TificoQEia&ai nqovTi&EGav tov ts fiij ddiKsTv to xeq- 
daivsiv, iv (j) fxij ^XdnTovuav la^vv eI^e to q}&ovElv. d^iovai ts 
TOvg aoivovg nsQi twv toiovtcov ol av&Qconoi rofiovg, dap av dna- 
Giv iXmg vnoyEirai GopaXElGi Kav avxovg diaGc6^£Gx}ai, iv dXXcov 
Ti^iaQiaig nQoyciTaXvsiv xul /i^ i/^oXsiTZEG&ai, si tzots aqa Tig atv- 
dvvEVGag Tivog dEijUSTai. avzav. 

LXXXV. 01 fisv ovv Kazd Ttjv noXiv Keq'avqcuoi TOiavraig 
onyaig Taig ttqcotcu^ ig dXX/jXovg iy(^Qi]aavjo, yai 6 EvQVfiidcav aal 
ol 'Ad^rivaioi dninXtvGav Taig vavGi'v ' 2. vgteqov ds ol cfSvyorzEg 
•xav K8Qy.vQaio:)Vf diEGco&Tjaav yaQ avTcov ig TiEvzaxoGiovg, Tsf^f] 7« 
Xa§6vTSg, d i^v iv tIq tjtteiqo), iyqdTOvv TTjg mqav oixsiag yTjg xai 
fj avTtjg oQiicoftEvoi iXrji^ovzo Tovg iv rj ri'JGcp xal noXXd 'ipMTTTOv, 



LIB. III. CAP. LXXXVI. LXXXVIL 163 

yai XifAog la^vnog iytvEzo iv zij Tzolei. 3. Ittqsg^evovto ds xal eg 
Ttjv yfuy.edaiiA.ov a aal K6q(v&ov n(Qi >ia&6dov aai cog ovdsp 
ai'ToTg fTznaaasTO, voteqov xQ^^^P TzXoTa hoi imKOvqovg nccQa- 
axEvaadfieroi diEj^rjaav ig Tt]v fjjaor, e^ay.oaioi fxdXiaia ol ndviEg^ 
4. 'Aoi TO. TzXoia EfiTrg/jGavTEgj OTZCog aTzoyvoia y lov aXXo 7i ^ 
vqcczeTv Tjjg y7]g, dva^dviEg ig to oQog zriv ^Igtcov^v TEi^og iror/.o- 
dofi?](sdiiEroi iqjdEiQOV tovg iv zy tzoXei xal zrjg yqg i-AQdiovv. 

LXXXVI. Tov 5' aviov dEQOvg ZEXEvzoJviog 'yl&rjvaioi 
tiAoai vavg sazEiXav ig 2JiKEXiav xal Ad^rira tov MeXuvcotiov 
GiQazriyov avtcov 'Aai XaQOiddrjv tov Evq^iXritov. 2. ol yaq ^v 
qa'Aoaioi ^ai AeovzIvoi ig ttoXejuov dXXrjXoig xaOiaraaav, ^vf*- 
[Accvoi ds ToTg fiEv 2ivQaxoaioig rjaav^ nXtjv Ka^aoivaicov, at dXXat 
AcoQidEg TzoXEigj clitieq zai TZQog rtjv tcov AaaEdaifAOvi'av xo tzqoJ- 
tov, aQ^of^ivov TOV noXifiov ^vf/fxa^iav izd'/^&riaav, ov fxsvTOi 
^vvETToXifiJjadv ys ' toTg ds AeovTivoig at XaXxidinal noXEig x«t 
Ka^dQiva' Tijg ds 'IiaXiag Aohqoi fxlv ^vQaxoamv r^aav, 
*P/]yivoi ds •Aaxk to ^vyyEvsg Aeoviivoov. 3. ig ovv Tag ^Adrjvag 
TzifxipavTsg ol twv Aeovtivcov ^vfifxa'/^oi, aard ts naXaiav ^vfif^a- 
^lav 'Acu on "Icovsg iiaav, tzeiO^ovoi zovg 'Ad^r^vaiovg Tiifiipai 
cq}iai vavg ' vno yag tojv ^vQaxoaioov Ttjg ts yqg slgyovto v.a\ Tjjg 
■&aXdGar]g. 4. nal snEiixpav ol 'Adt^vaioi Tr^g fisv orAEiozijiog 
TiQoqidaEi, §ovX6^£voi ds ^nqzE cXzov ig tIjv IltXoTTovvrjaov uyEa&ai 
avzo&EVj TiQonEiQav ts Tzoiovfxsvoi El GCfLGi dvvaza Eit] TO, iv Ty 
2^i'AE7.ia TTQayfiaTU vnoisiQia ysvEGOai. 5. y.azaGzdvzEg ovv ig 
'P/jyiov Trig ^ItaXiag tov 7z67.E(aov inoiovvzo iisza tk>v ^vf-ifid^mv. 
aal TO '&EQog izsXEvza. 

LXXXVII. Tov 5' iniyiyvouEvov i^i}i(ovog ^ voGog to dsv- 
TEQOv ininEGS ToTg ^yi&iivaioigy ixXmovGa fuv ovdiva 'f()6vov to 
navTdnaGiVy iyivszo ds Tig ofiag dia'Amx^' 2. naQs^Eivs ds to 

fiSV VGTEQOV OV'A sXaGGOV iviaVTOV, TO ds TTQOTEQOV X«« dvO EZJ], 

ODGZE ^u4^rivai(ov ys f^rj slvai o,Ti fiuXXov ixdy.ooGS t\v dvva^iv. 
3. TEZQay.oGiojv yag onXizmv vai TSzgamGyilicov ovx iXdGCOvg 
dnsdavov iy, tojv zd^smv xai TgiaxoGimv Ititzewv, tov ds dXXov 
oy}.ov dvE^Evgszog dgidfiog. 4. iyivovzo ds y^a). ol noXXoi tots 
GEtG{A.o} zTJg yijg, 'iv ts 'Adijvaig nal iv Ev^oia via\ iv BoKazoig Kot 
fidXiGTii iv 'Og^OfiEv^j toi Boiazicp. 



164 OOTKTJIJOT zrrrPA^iii^. 

LXXXVIII. Kat 01 fisv Ev 2^iy,sh'a ^A^r^vaToi aal 'Pi]yTv\A 
rov aviov ^etftcovog TQidxovTa vava] CTQaTEvovaiv Ini 7ag AloXov 
v/jGovg xaXovfitrag ' -O^tgovg yag di^ awdgiav advvaza ijv btji- 
CToarevEiv. 2. vE'^ovzai ds AinaQaioi avrdgj Kndicov uTzoixot 
oviEg. orAOvai d^ iv ma rmv ^)](jcov ov fUEydli^, aalEizai da 
AiTZOLQCt.' Tag ds aXkag ix zavtTjg oQficofXEVOL yEcoQyovoi /Jidvii7]v 
xal ^TQoyyvlTjv y.ai 'fEgdv. 3. vofii^ovai ds ol ixEivn av&Qoa- 
noL EV 7Yi 'Ieqk cog 6 Hqiaiarog ^^aXxsvEi, on ttjv vixza qjuivs- 
rat fzvQ dvadidovau tzoIv xai zr]v rjfis'Qav xanvov. asivzai ds ai 
vTjaoi avzai xaza zrjv J^ixsXav y.ai Meggt^vicov yriv, ^vfifia)(^oi 5' 7jaav 
^VQa-AOGicov. 4. TEfiovzsg 5' at ^A&rjvaToi ttjv yjjvy mg ov nqoa- 
eiooQOvVj dnmlEvaav ig zo 'PrjyiGv. aai 6 ysifimv IzslEvza nat 
jiEfiTTZov Ezog ezeXevzo. zcp 7zo}Jficp zwds ov OovHvdi8}]g ^vvt'yQaxpEv. 

LXXXIX. Tov d' imyiyvoixEvov -Osgovg neXoTzovvrjaioi xai 
01 ^vfinay^oi iis^qi ^ev zov la&fiov fjld^ov, cog ig ttjv '^zzmfjv 
ic^alovvTsg, "ydyidog rov ^Agy^iddiiov Tjyovfxtvov, ylaxEdaifioviojv 
^aailt'cog, asiGfi^v ds ysvofitvav noXXav dnEzgdnovzo ndXiv xai 
ovx lyEVEZO ia^oXri. 2. xal tieqi zovzovg zovg yqovovg zav gei- 
Cfimv xazExovzoDV, zHig Ev^oiag iv 'Ogo^iaig i] -O^dXaGGa insX- 
•&ovGa dno zijg zozs ovGtjg ylqg xa\ xvfiazmxyEiGa im^Xx^s z?jg 
TioXsmg (iEQog zi, xal to fisv xazixXvGS, to d' vttevogztjge, xai 
•&dXaGGa vvv iGzi ttqozeqov ovoa y^' xal dv&QOJTiovg dtt'(fO£iQEv, 
OGOi firj idvvavzo gi&ijvai ngog zd fXETtcoQa dvadgafiovzEg. 3. xal 
tTEQi 'AzaXdvzriv tj]v inl AoxQOig zoTg "Onovvzioig vJjgov naga- 
TzXTjGia ylyvEzai iTZixXvGig, xal tov ts q:govgiov twv 'A&ijvaimv 
nagsiXs, xal dvo vsav dvEiXxvGfJiEvcov ttiv sztgav xazia^sv. 
4. iyivEzo ds xal iv FlETzagi^&m xvfiazog inavai^oijGig zig, ov 
liEvzoi intxXvGs ys ' xal GsiGfiog tov TSixovg zi xazi^aXs xal zo 
/ZQvzavEiov xal dXXag olxiag bXiyag. 5. aiziov d' eywye vo^i^o) 
tov TOiovzoVf J iGxvgozazog 6 GEiG^og iytvEzo, xaza tovzo dno- 
GziXXsiv ZE zt]v ddXaGGav xal i^amvJ]g ndXiv iTziGTZCofiivJiv piaio- 
Tsgov rr^v inixXvGiv^ noiEiv ' dvsv ds GeiGfiov ovx av [loi doxsT zo 
zoiovTO ^vfi^rjvai yEVEO&ai. 

XC. Tov 5' avzov -O^'govg inoXEjxovv filv xal dXXoif ag ixd' 
CTOig ^vvt'^aivEv iv zj I^ixEXia, xal avzol ol ^ixEXmzai etz 
iXXtjXovg GzgazEvovzsg, xal ol 'AOr^vaioi ^vv zoig ocpsr^'goie 



LIB. III. CAP. XCI. XCII. 165 

^v^fjid)[^oig ' a ds Xoyov fiaXiara a^ia rj fxEra tojv ^Ad^rivaitav ot 
^vfifxa'/oi tTTQu^av y nqog rovg ^Ad^rivaiovg ol drn77o)Jfxioi, tov~ 
7C0V (.iv)]a&r^aotx,at. 2. XaQoiddov yccQ i^drj lov '^drjvaiojv 
GTQazTjyov TeOvtjHotog vno ^vga'Aoaixov 7zo)Jf4.op,-^dj(^ijg dnaoav 
(^mv zojv remf rtjv dgyJiVy iaiQdtevas fisTa zoov ^vufid'^cov etzI 
MvXdg Tag tojp Meaaijvioov. 8tv)^ov ds dvo q)vXai, iv joig Mv- 
Xaig Tmv Meaarjvioov qjQOVQOvaaij nai tiva :<ai Ivtdqav TiETzoirj' 
y.Evai roTg dno rmv vEiav. 3. ol ds ^Adi]vaioi iioi ol ^vi^fia'/^oi 
lovg t£ EH T^g Evtdgag rgEnovai koi diacp&EiQOvai nolXovg, xa« 
r^ EQVf.tazi TtQoa^alovTEg ijvdyy.aaav onoloyia rriv xe dxQOTZoXiv 
naQadovvai xni inl Msaai^vtjv ^vazQarEvaai. 4. xal fiETu rovjo, 
etzeXO^ovtcov ol Msaatjvtoi roSv te ^A&rivamv aal tav ^vfif^d^^oDv 
7ZQ0(SE)(^c6Qj](jav aai avToij ofxiJQOvg rs dovTEg xal raklcc tziotcc 
naqa(5'fp\iEvoi. 

XCI. Tov d* avTov d^EQOvg ol ^A&rivcuoi rgidnovTa fiEv 
vavg EJtEiXav tieqI TlElonovvriGOVj 03v iazQari^yEi /Ji^fxocd^Erj^g ra 
6 ^Alyuadivovg hoi IJQOxltjg 6 0Eo8a}Qov, s^ffAOvza ds ig MljXof 
HOL diuxiliovg onlitag^ EaTQarriyEi ds avt^v Niaiag 6 Nixr^Qarov. 

2. Tovg yccQ M>]liovg ovzag vt^aicorag aal ov>c E&sXovTag VTzaxovEiv 
ovds ig 70 avT(av ^vf^fiaxmov Itvai e^ovXovio TZQoaayayscF&ai. 

3. cog ds avzotg dijovfxsvTjg zr^g yTjg ov TTQoaE^^coQovv, dgavzEg eh 
zijg Mrikov avzoi [iev ETzlsvaav ig 'SigooTibv zijg niqav ytjg, vno 
vvHza ds <5fpvzEgy EvOvg etzoqevovzo ol onlizai duo zk>v ve^v 
TTE^y ig Tdvayqav zrjg Boitoziag. 4. ot 5' eh ZTJg nolEoag 
navdtjfiEi ^A&7]vawi 'Itttzovihov zs zov KaXliov azgazriyovvzog 
Hai EvQVfiidovzog zov OovyJJovg dno 67][ieiov ig zo avzo nazd 
yi]v dnrivzcov. 5. nai czQazonEdsvadfiEvoi zavzr^v ztjv rjf^tQav iv 
Z7J Tavdyga, idr^ovv hoi ivr^vXiaavto. hui zy vazEgain f^d'/y 
HQazi^aavzEg zovg inE^sXdovzag zav Tavayqaioiv, hoi Qij^aicov 
zivdg 7ZQO(T^E^or^d^i]H6zagy nal onXa Xa^ovzsg hoi ZQonalov azri- 
aavzEgy dysxcogr^aaVf ol fxsv ig zijv noXiv, ol ds inl zdg vavg, 
6. Hai TzaqanXEvcag 6 NiHiag zaig s^r^xovza^vavai, ZTjg Aonqidog 
zd ini&aXd<yaia szEfiS, xai dvs'j^coQrjaEv in oihov. 

XCII. 'Tno ds zov XQOvov zovzov AaHsdaiiiovioi 'HgdxXEiap 
t)]v iv Tqaiiviaig dnoixiav y.adiazavzo dno zoidads yvcofitjg, 
2. MtjXujg ol ^vfinavzsg Elal ^sv zgia fitgi], JJaqaXiot, ^IsQtjSf 



166 ooTKi'jizior :^rrrPA<iiii2. 

TQaxiTioi' 70VT(x)v ds 01 TQaiinoi noltficp lq:\)aQLih'Oi vTih 
OiTiiicov o^iOQcov 0VI03V to TZQOJTOv fialhjaai'T}:^ ^Ad^ipaioig nQoa- _ 
{^ehai a(fug «yroiv, daiGuvTeg ds ixrj oh aq'iai tiigtoi ojai, ntfjinov' 
CIV 4' udaxtdatfiova, iXofASvoi TTQSU^tvTliv T'laauepov. 3. ^vrenQS- 
c^evovro 8s avrolg nai /foQirjg ij fiijT^onohg tav Aaymdaiiiovrnv 
Tcoy avTmv dsofievoi ' vno yaq r^v Ouaicov xut avzol scpO^eigovTO. 
4. a'AOvaavTeg ds at Aaxtdaifxonot yrmfjiijv tr/ov 7ijv dnoiyJav 
ixTTt'fiTTStv, Toig TS Tqayiivioig ^ovlofieroi xal roTg /JcoQisvai t/^co- 
Qtiv. Hai a[ia 70v TTQog 'Adrivaiovg noltixov y^alag avroig 
idoHSi 71 Tiohg iia&iGTaax^ai ' i/zi tc yao j'q Ev^ola vavziy.hv 
naQaa'ASvaad^^vai av, wax ix ^Qu^tog t^v didiiaatv yiyvsa&ai, iTjg 
ts £711 da/QKxtjg naqooov '/Qt^aificog s^siv. to is tif^Tzav toQfijpTO 

TO yWQLOV Xtlt^SlV. 5. TTQOJTOV fJ-SV OlV iv /IsXcfoTg 70V ■&E6f 

sntiQOvzo ' xslsvovzog ds s^snsiixpav jovg olx^zoQag avzwv te xai 
t^v TZSQioixoDt', xcu zav aXX(ov 'EXXijvcov 70V ^ovXofisrov ixiXsvov 
STjsa&ai TzXr^v y 'loovcov xm 'A/aicov xal tariv cov dXXoov s&v(av. 
oixKJzai ds ZQStg udaxtdaifiovicov rjyijoavzo Alcov xui 'AXxidag 
xai Aafidycov. 6. xataazdvzsg ds izsr/^iaav Trjv ttoXiv Ix xaivijg, 
y vvv 'HqclxXeio. xaXtizaiy dnriovaa OeQuoizvXav azadiovg {idXi- 
aza zsGGagdxovza, z7jg ds -OaXdaarig tixoai. vecoQid zs naQfaxsv 
d^ovzo xai riQtoLvzo xazk OsQfionvXag xaz avzb zo azsvov oncog 
svcfvXaxza avzoig eii]. XCIII. ol ds 'A&rjvaioi zijg TZoXeag 
7avzrjg ^vvotxi^O[A.8vr^g zo tzqojzov tdeicdv zs xai ivofitaav sn\ zr^ 
Ev^oifi f-idXiaza xa&iazaa&aij ozi ^Qayvg iaziv 6 didnXovg TZQog 
zo K'qvaiov zijg Ev^oiag. srzsiza fit'vzoi naga do^av avzoTg 
aTTS^i]' oh yciQ syivszo dn ahzJjg dsivov ovdtv. 2. acriov ds i^v 
oi' zs OsaaaXo] iv dvvd^si vvzeg zav zavzr} ^rnQtcov xai tov sni z^ 
yg BxziXszo qto^ovfisvoi ft?] Gq}i6i [isydXri layvi TzaQOixojatv, Ecp&Ei' 
Qov xal did navzog inoXtfiovv dvOQanoig vsoxazaazdzoigy soog 
s^EZQvycoffav ysvo^evovg zo nqcazov xai ndvv noXXovg' ndg yaq 
zig Aaxsdaiiiovicov oixi^ovzcov -O'aQfjaXtcjg rieij ^t'^aiov vofti^cav 
zfjv noXir. 3. 01' fisvzoi jjxiaza ol uQyovzsg avzay zmv Aaxsdai- 
unricov ol d(ftxrov[X£roi zd TTQuyfiazd zs Eq){^einov xai eg oXtyaV" 
^Qconiav xazsazriffav, ixifo^t^aavzEg zovg noXXovg, yaXsnag zs xai 
iGziv a oh xaXcZg i^r^yovfisvoi, ^azs qkov r^d}] avzmv ol rrnoaoixoi 
insxQdzovr. 



LIB. III. CAP. XCIV. xcv. 167 

XCIV. Tov 8' avTOv x)^tQOvgj nai tzeqi tov avzov ^Qovov o* 
iv iri Mi]Xcp 01 'Adrivaioi v.(i.TV„fpvTOj y.ai et dno tcov TQidxovza 
fEojv 'A&rivaXoij tisqi neXoTiovvr^aov ovrsg, tiqcozov iv 'EXlof.it'vqj 
T7]g jfevxadiag q:QOVQOvg zivag loi^aavxEg diicfO^siQuv, 'intna 
varEQOv im ylevxdda fiaii^on gtoIco tjXdov, ^A'AaQvdoi ze nuaiv^ 
oc navdtjfiel nXtiv Olna8wv ^vvtaTiovzOj 'Aai Zanvvdioig x«< 
KeqjaXXtjai nal KeQiiVQaioov TTSvzey.aidexa vavai. 2. Y,ai ol i-ilv 
AEvy.d8ioij ztjg zs e^co yijg driov[.itv7]g y.ai zljg ivzog tov iad^uov, 
iv i) Hal 1] udEvndg iazi y.al zo Ieqov zov ^ATioXXoavog, TiXij&Ei 
^la^o^Evoi ijcviat,ov' ol ds Ay.aQvd.vEg rj^iovv A7]f^oa&Evi]v zov 
azQaz7]yov zav 'Ad^T^vaicov dnozEiii^Eiv avzovg, voiA.i^ovzEg Qadimg 
z dv iy7zoXiOQy.7J(jai noXEoog ze ueI aqiiai noXEviiag dnaXXayrivai. 
3. ArjiioGd^Evrjg ^ dvaTtEi&Ezai yard zov yjQovov zovzov vno Meg- 
ort]vicov cog yaXov avzco azQazidg zoaavz7]g ^vrEiXEyftirrjg u4iT(oXoTg 
iTzi&t'a&aif NavTidyzcQ ze TioXEfiioig ovai xai r^v yQarr^ari avzav, 
Qadimg yai zo dXXo ^HnEiQGHZiyov zo zavzi^ ^A&Yivaloig ttqogtzoi^' 
GEiv. 4. zo ydq t&vog uiya fisv Eivai zo zoiv AitcoXmv yal fidyi- 
[lovj oiHOvv dt yard ^cofiag dzEiy^iazovg yai zavzag dia noXXov 
yai cyEvy fpiXrj yQoo^EvoVj ov ^^uXetzov dTzigjaivov, ttqiv ^vu^oij- 
'&7^Gaif yazaGZQaq:r^vai. 5. iTiiy^EtQEiv 5' iytXEvov TiQmzov fiev 
^AnodcoTOigy 'inEiza 8s 'OqiiovEvoi, yal fiEzd zovzovg EvQvidoiv, 
07IEQ iiiyiazov fiigog iazi zoov AtlzcoXoiVy dyvcoazozazoids yXwaaav 
ya\ G)(Jio(fdyoi Eiaiv, cog Xiyovzai' zovzcov ydq XfjqidEvzmv (mdiojg 
xal zdXXa tzqogicoqtigeiv. XCV. 6 5« z^v MEaG7]via)v xaQizi 
TiEiaO^Eig yal f^dXiaza ro^icag dvEV zHjg zav 'A[&)]raimv 8vva}iE(og 
zoig 'UTiEiQCozaig ^vf^fid)^oig [AEzd zojv AlzcoXav 8vvaad^ai dv 
yazd yr^v iXOEiv irzl Boicozovg 8id AoyQ^v zojv ^O^oXay eg 
Kvzinov zo /Jo3Qiyov iv 8E^id f/cov zov UaQvaaaov, loog y.aza- 
^au] ig 0(oyiagy o7 TTQod^vfiojg idoxovv yazd zi]v 'Ad^rjvaimv uEi 
TiozE q)iXiav ^vazgazEVEiv rj xdv §ici nQoaa'^UJivai' yat ^coysvaiv 
?,8rj ofioQog ij Boicozia iaziv dqag ovv ^vixTtavzi zm azQazEvixazi 
dnh Z7jg AEvyd8og dyorzcov 'Ayagvavav naQEnXEvaEV Eg ^oXXiov. 
2. yoivduag 8s zi]v inivoiav zoig AyaQvdaiv, cog ov 7TQoas8s^av70 
8id z^g Asvyddog ztjv ov tzeqizeiiigiv, ahzog zy Xomy azQaticiy 
KEq)aX7.)jai yal MsGGrivloig yal Zayvv&ioig yal ^A&rjvaicov zQia- 
Koaioig zoig Eni^draig zar aq>ETEQ(ov vEooVt ai ydo TZEvzEyaiSsya 



168 eOTKrJIJOT ZTTTPA^HS, 

t^v KsQ'AVQaicov cc7zrj).{^ov fTJsg, iaTQUTSvaev m AnodXovg, 
3. GiQuaro ds f| OlvEwvog Tljg ytoxQiSog. oi ds 'O^oXai ovioi 
Ao'AQOi ^vfifia"j(Oi i^aaVf viai tdei avTovg TzararQcnia anavrlqaai 
loig "A&iivaloig ig lijv fiEaoyecav' ovzag yaq ofxoQoi jolg u4lz(o- 
).oTg y.ai 6}i6(5y.evoi fisydX?] (acfileia idoxovv eivai ^vatQaTevovreg 
udxrig re ifXTzeiQin TTJg ixeivcav xai ^coqicov. XCVl. avXiadfiEiog 
ds Tw aTQUK^ Iv 70V /fiog Tov Neheiov rep i£Q^y Iv oj 'Haiodog 6 
7JOitjT7]g )JyeTai vtzo tihv ravzr} aTZO&aveiv, y^Qr^a&lv avzqj iv 
Nefita Tovzo Tzad^elvy afj.a ry aqt dgag ettoqevezo ig jfjv Aizcoliav. 
2. xai aiQEi ty ngcozy rifit'ga Ilozidaviav xai ty dEvztQa Kqo'av- 
"Keiov aai ry TQirrj Tei'xiov, EfXEvi te avzov xai zrjv Xeiuv ig EvTzd- 
Xiov trig AoxQidog dninEfixpE ' rr/v yag yvc6fir]v eI/^e zaXXa aaza- 
GTQEXpdfiEvog ovzcog inl 'Oqiioriag, eI fjuj ^ovXoivio !S,vyi(OQEiVt 
ig NavncLY.rov inavayaqr^GOLg azgazEmai vaiEQov. 3. zovg ds 
AlzwXovg ovx iXdv&avEv avty ij naQaaxEvy ovze ozs to tzq^- 
zov ette^ovXevezOj ETZEidi] TS 6 6ZQ(x.z6g ioE^E^XTjUEi, TzoXXy x^(qI 
i7ZE^oi]&ovv ndvzEg, ojuze xou at iaiazoi ^Ocpiovicav ol Ttqog zov 
Mi]XiaKov xoXnov xux^ijxovzEgj Boiiiujg xai KaXXitjgy i^oijd^yaav. 
XCVII. zq) OS /lt]{A0G&ivEi TOiordE zi 01 MEaGi]noi. TzaQtjrovr, otzeq 
xal TO ngmzov dradiddoxovTEg avzov zav AIzcoXmv cog eiij 
gadia ij aiQECig itvai e-aeXevov on rd'j^iGTa ini Tag xafiag xa] fit] 
(isrEiv Ecog av ^vfiTzavTEg d&goia&t'pTEg dpzizd^oovTai, t/jv 5' iv 
Tzoaiv aEc nsigda&ai aigEiv. 2. 6 ds Tovzoig te TZEia&Elg xal zy 
rvxn iXniaaSj ozi ovdev avzcp rivavTiovzOy Tovg Aoxgovg ovx 
dvafXELvag ovg avzcp eSei 7igoa^oj]&7iaai, xpiXcov yag dxovziazcov 
ivdEyg i]v [idXiataf i'l^Q^f' i^ii Aiyiziov, xal xaza xgdzog aigsi 
inicov. vTZECfEvyov yag ol av&gconoi xai ixd&ijvzo inl zmv Xocpcop 
zmv vTzsg TTJg TzoXscog' ijv yag aqp' vxptjXmv '/^cogicov dniyovaa zijg 
-d^aXdaayg 6ydo7]xovza azadiovg iidXiaza. 3. vl ds AizooXoi, 
^E^oriOyxozEg yag ijdi] ijcav inl to Aiyiziov, ngoai^aXXov ToXg 
AO^yvaioig xal ToTg ^vufidyoig xarax^iovTEg dno Tav Xocpcav dXXoi 
uXXodEV xai iaijxovTi^ov, xai ozs fisv inioi to tojv 'A\}r]vaicov 
yzgatonEdoVf vnEycogovv, dvaycogovai ds inixEivzo ' xai r^v int 
noXv Toiavzt] ij fidytj^ dtco^sig te xai vnaycayai, iv oig dixcpozigoig 
fjaaovg tjaav ol 'A&yvaToi. XCVIII. fit'ygi fisv ovv ol zo^ozai 
ilyov te to, ^eXi} avzoTg xal oloi te i^aav XQ^ifj^^^h ol ds dvTEi)^0f' 



LIB. III. CAP. XCIX. C. 169 

folevoueyoi yccQ ol ^iicoXoiy avdQconoi xpiXoi, avecjTtXXovTO' BTieidrj 
ds tov 78 ro'^ctQiov a7TO&av6vTog ovioi diEaaedda&riaav xai avtoi 
ixexf^i/'ixeaav [xal] im nolv im avzcp ttovc^ ^vvtyofievoi ol ts 
j4lro!)Xoi ivtxEivTo y>al ia^'Aovri^oVj ovico di] tQanoixEvoi tg)SvyoVj 
y.al BGTiiTiTOvreg tg ts yuQcidQag uvex^dtovg >tui ycoQia (ov ovx 
ijauv e^TzeiQoi diecpd^eiQOVTO' y.al yag 6 Tjyefiav avioig tav odrnv, 
XQOfxmv 6 ]\l£aai]viog, izvy^avs ze&vtjHcog. 2. ol ds AlicoXot 
iaaxorzil^ovzsg noXlovg fisv avzov iv zy- ZQony xaza nodag 
aiQOvvzsg dv&Qnonoi Tzodcoasig ncti xpiXol ditq)&£iQov, zovg ds 
nXsiovg zav odoov dixaqzavovzag aai ig zrjv vXtjv iaq)SQOfi8vovgy 
o&sv dit^odoi ov'A r^aaVj ttvq y.ofiiaafiSvoL nsQisniixTiQaaav' 3. naad 
ZE Idsa aaztazt] ztjg q)vyrig aat zov oXeO^qov zcp azgazoTZEdcp zmv 
*^{}f]vaicov, fioXig zs inl ztjv x^dXaacccv xai zov Oivsmva zr/g Ao- 
•nQidog, 0&EV7TEQ nai ^Qfnqd^riaav, ol TzsQiyEvofievoi aaztqjvyov. 
4. dnE&avov ds zoov zs ^vf^ndymv noXXoi aai avzojv 'Ad^ijvaimv 
OTzXizai TzsQi srAOCJi fidXiaza xal snazoVj toaovzoi fisv zo nXrj&og 
nai 7]Xinia ^ avzij ' ovzoi ^tXziazoi dt] uvdQsg iv z^ TToXtf-icp z^ds 
en z)jg 'u4d^7]vai(x)v noXscog diECfO^dgtjGav. 5. dnsdavs ds aac 6 
tzEQog azQazT^yog TlQOaXijg. zovg ds vsyQovg vnocTiovdovg dvsXo- 
fiEvoi TTctQcc z^v u4izcoX6jv xai dva'/ojQtjaavzsg ig Navnav-zov 
vazEQov ig zag 'AO^r^vag zaTg vavaiv iy,o{iia&riaciv. /Ji]fioa&ivr]g 
ds nsQi NavnccAZOv xai za x^Qice. zavza VTzsXsiqidj], zoTg nsTiQay- 
fiivoig q)0^ovfiEvog zovg 'u40^rjvcciovg. 

A-^IA.. Kazcc os zovg avzovg yQovovg nac oi tzsqi 2,iy.skiav 
Adiivcuoi nXEvaavzsg ig zt]v AoyQidn iv ano^daei zs zivi zovg 
7TQoa^oi]d'7j(yavzag AoyQoov ixQuzijGav y.a} nsqiTzoXiov algovaiv o 
7^v inl ZO) AXj]xi Tiozaixcp. 

C. Tov 5' avzov "dsQOvg AizoXoi, nQoniixxpavzsg tiqozsqov sg 
_ <■« KoQiv&ov yai ig Aansdaifwva TZQio^sig^ ToXoq^ov zs zov ^Ocpi- 
opta, yuu BoQiddriv zov EvQvzava, xai Tlaardqov zov ^Anodcozov, 
TTSidovaiv o)6zs cq:iai Tziixxpui GZQaziav ini Navnav.zov dia ztjv 
zodv 'A&rjvaicov iTzayojyi^v. 2. 'Aai i^insfixpav AaKsdaijiovioi tzeqI 
TO cpOitoTicoQov zQiay^iXiovg onXizag z^v 'S,v\i\id'fjiQv . zovzoov r^aav 
ntvzay.GGioi i'^ 'HQaxXsiag z7^g iv TQayivi TzoXecog zozs fsoxziazov 
ovatjg' ZnaQzidzrig 5' ijoysv EvQvXoyog ztjg azQariag nal ^vvrixo- 
lovOovv avza Maxdniog yul Msvtdaiog ol ^naQTUuai. CI, |t;>l- 

8 



170 eoTKrJi/ior ZTrrPA^ns. 

XeyevTog 88 tov arqaTsyfiarog eg JeXqjovg InEK^QvuEvero EvpvXo^og 
^OHQOig ToTg 'O^oXaig ' dice zovicov yaQ ?] odog 7jv eg NavnoLvaov^ 
nai Ufxa xoiv ^Adj]vai(ov e^ovXeTo UTzoaTt^aai avzovg. 2. ^vve- 
TZQaaaor ds fidXi6Ta avic^ tmv yloxQoov '^i^(fi(sa7jgj dia to trnv 
0coyie(»v £'j(Oog deSiozsg' xai avrol ttq^ozov dovreg ofit'jQovg yal 
rovg aXXovg ineiaav 8ovvai cpo^ovfie'vovg jov ernovra OTQaiop, 
TTQ^TOv fi&v ovv tovg oi^oQuvg avToTg Mvovtag, ravzri yag dvaea^o- 
Xwiaiog rj Aa'AQig^ eneiza 'Inviag nai Meaaaniovg y.ai Tqizai- 
iag Koi XaXaiovg nal ToXoopmviovg xa\ 'Haaiovg xal Oiav&eag. 
ovtoi Koi ^vveaTQCiTEvov ndvieg. 'OXnaloi dl ofir^Qovg filv edoaav^ 
riHoXov&ovv ds ov' itai 'Taloi ovx edooav opiQovg nqiv avzav tl- 
Xov awfiTjv UoXiv ovofA.a e/^ovaav. CII. eTZEidf] ds TraQsaxevaaro 
ndvra aai zovg ourjgovg y.aze&ETO eg Kvtiviov to /!(oqix6v, iyojQei 

7^5 GTQCCT^ ETZl TK^V A^aVTZaHTOV dlU tCOV uioY.QaVy iiCU TlOQEVOfiE- 

vog OlvEwva atQEi avzav aa] EvndXiov ov yaQ Tzgoas'/^aQr^aav. 
2. ysvofiEvoi 5' iv zy NavTzaxzia, xal ot AltooXol afia 7jdi] tiqog- 
^e^07]&i]K6zEg, idyovv zt]v yrjv xal zo nQodaiEiov, dzeiyiazov ov, 
EiXov ETZl z£ MoXvHQEiov iX&ovzEg Z7jv KoQtv&icov fiEV dnoiy.lav 
'A&tjvaicov ds V7i^y,oov aigovai. 3. /Ir^^ioG&EVTjg 8s 6 'AOr^vaTog, 
Ell yuQ hvyyavEv ojv fisza za ex ZTJg AfizcoXiag tteqI NavTzaxzoVf 
TTQoaiu&ofiEvog zov azQCtzov xal Seiaag tzeqI avzTjg, iX&cov tzeiO^ei 
'AxaQvdvag, yaXsTimg 8ia zi]v ex zrjg AevxdSog dvayaQ^aiv, ^ojj- 
OT^uai Navndxzcp. 4. xai neiinovai iiEz avzov em zav remv yi- 
Xiovg hnXizag^ ol EasX-OovzEg nEQiE7T0U]Gav zo ycaqiov. 8eiiov yaq 
r^v fit] [xEydXov ovzog zov zEiyovg, oXiyojv 8£ zcov d^vvofitiwi', ovx 
avziaycoaiv. 5. EvQvXoyog 8e xcu ol fisz avzov cog ija&orro zi]v 
czqaziav ioeXtjXv&vTaVy xai dSvvazov ov zijv noXiv ^in sXtiVy dvE- 
jl^aQtjaaVj ovx em JleXonovv^aoVy dXX eg zijv AioXida zr]v rvv 
xaXovfievrjv KaXv8mva xai nXsvQOJva xai ig za zavzrj ycoQia xa\ 
eg TlQoayiov z7]g AlzmXiag. 6. ol yaQ AfiTiQaxi^zai, eX&ovzeg 
TiQog avzovg, nsi&ovaiv oaazs fxeza acpmv "Agysi ze z^ 'AfiqiXoyixw 
xai Af(q;iXoyifc Z7j oiXXri ETZiyeiQr^Gat, xai 'AxaQvavia afia, Xtyov- 
zeg ozi Tjv zovzcoy XQazi'faooar, nav zo ^HneiQcazixov AaxEdaifiovi- 
oig ^vfAfiayov xaO£Gzr,^E(. 7. xa\ 6 ^ev EvQvXoyog TZEia&eig xai 
fovg AizooXovg u(ft]g 7]avy(il^E zco azQazco tzeqi zovg ycoQovg zov 



LIB. III. CAP. CIIL CIV. 171 

Tovg, E(og Toig u^fiTTQamcoraig snatQarEvaafi8i>o(g negi to "Aqyog 
dsoi ^ojjd-eTv. nul to d^^^Qog bteXevtcx. 

cm. 01 6' iv ry ^iHsUa ^Adrivaioi tov iniyiyvof^tvov lEi- 
umvog STteX&ovTeg fxaza rav ^EXXiqvcov ^vfi[id)(^03V i<ac oaoi 2!ixeXmp 
naza yQcctog aQiofJiEvoi vno ^vQa^oaicov xaf ^vnfiay^oi ovtEg ano- 
GTcivzeg avtoig ano JEvqwaoglcov ^vvsnoXefxovv, etz Ivqaaav to 
J^ixaXixov 7i6Xi6fA,ay ov rtjv a'AQOTZoXiv 2JvQax6aioi Ebfov, nqoGE^ctr 
lov ' }ial (og ov'ii idvvavto sXeiv, uTii^Eaav. 2. iv de trj avaicoQriaEi 
vattQOig ^A&rivaicov zoTg ^vfifidy^oig dva^coQOvaiv imTi&EVTai ol ek 
TOV TEi^iCfA-aTog 2JvQayi6aioij y,ai TrQoajTEaovzeg tqetiovol te fxEQog 
Ti tov (STQazov nai duEnzEivav ovx oXiyovg. 3. nai fXEza zovzo 
dno 703V vEmv 6 Adirig ^ct-i ol ^A&r]vaToi ig ttjv AoHQida dno^a- 
OEig tivag 7TOir]ad[iEvoi aaza zov Kaixivov TZoraf^oVf tovg ttqoct- 
^orj&ovvtag udoxQav fiszd Uqo^evov tov Kandzmvog, cog tQiaao- 
Giovg, fJid^^ EXQdtJjaav, nal onXa Xa^ovzEg aTTS^^coQTjaav. 

CIV. Tov 5' avzov i^ifxcovog v,ai JtjXov Exd&rjQav 'A&7]vaioi 
nazd )[Qrjafiov drj tira. End&rjQE fisv yag xai TlEiaiazQazog 6 ZV' 
gavvog ttqozeqov avztjv, ov^ anaGav, dXX ouov dno tov Ieqov 
EcpBcoQcizo tijg vricov tots ds ndaa hxccO^dgO'?] toic^ds tqonc^. 
2. ■&riiiai oaat r^aav tav tEOvEmtoav iv /J)]Xq), ndaag dvEiXov, xcjt 
to Xomov ttqoeItiov ^tjze ivanoO^vrjaHEiv iv zy vi](jcp firizs ivzixzeiv, 
dXX ig ttjv '^PqvEiav dia'AO^i^EC&ai. dntiEi bs t] 'PrjVEia tjjg /i^Xov 
ovzcog oXiyov maze HoXvugdzrig 6 ^aftiayv tvqavvog^ Isyiyaag ttva 
^Qovov vavzixm xai tcov te dXXcov v^aoov dg^ag nat ti]v ^PqvEiav 
eXcov, dvi&riyiE zqj ^AnoXXcxivi tco /Jt]7Jq) dXvcEi di^cjag ngog ztjp 
/HqXov. y.ai tijv 7ZEVzEZ7]gida tots Tzg^zov {aezcc zr]v ad&agaiv 
ETZOiijaav ol Ad^ijvaioi, td /JtjXia. 3. i^v Se tioze aai to ndXai 
ueydXi] ^vvodog ig trjv ArjXov tmv 'Imvcov te 'aiu TZEgixziovmv vj]- 
aicozav ^vv zs ydg yvvai^i am naiaiv i&scogovv, (naTiEg vvv ig ta 
^Ecpiaia "loiVEg^ x«f dymv inoiEizo avzo&i aal yvfinxog y.al fiov- 
aiHog, y^ogovg ze dv7]yov at TioXEig. 4. driXoi os fidXicrza "Ofxijgog 
Oil toiavza riv iv zoTg etzegi toiodE, a ianv in ngootiiiov ^AnoX' 
X(aitog ' 

dXX ozs /JrjXcp, (I)ol^Ej [idXiazd ys x^vfiov iztgqjdrjgj 

Ev&a toi sXxE'/izmvEg 'IdovEg r^yEgiOovzai 

ovv aq}0i(Jiv zekeeogi yvvai^i ts gtjv i"^ viyvidv ' 



172 OOTKTJIJOT ;=:rrrPA0ii2 

hv&a us Tivynaiirq ts y.ai oQ^^rjarvT xai aoid^ 
[ivtjadfievoi itQiiovaiv^ orav yia&tacoav aycova. 
o. on ds acii ^ovaiyS^g uyoov ijv xat ayconovfieroi iqjoirav it 
Toiads all dtp.oT, a eotiv 1-a rov aviov ttqooijuiov. rov yag /tt^hanop 
lOQov Tcov yvvar/.aJv vuvijaag iislsvza lov Inaivov eg rdde ta sizyj 
iv olg aal iavrov i7TEfivrJ6&r]' 

dXX ayE&\ Ihjxoi fisv ^AttoHcov '^QTEfiidi ^vv, 
laiQETE 5' vixEig Tzdaai. i^sio ds y<al fiETo^tiaO^E 
fjLv?](ja6&\ OTZTZOTS >i&v Tig ETTr/^dovlcov dv&QcoTzmv 
ivO^dd^ dvEiQijTai raXanEiQiog dXXog etzeXx^cop' 
fl aovQaij Tig d' vfifiiv dvt]Q TjdiCTog doidmv 
ivO^dds ttcoXeltcu aai tecq TEQirsads [xaXiaza; 
vfiEig d' Ev fidXa ndaai vTZoxnivaa^^ svqi/jfxcog ' 
TvcpXog dvrJQ, oI'aeT ds Xico ivl namaXosaari. 
6. Toaavia fisv OfirjQog izE^fxt^nicoasv on ?/y xai to ndXai fisydXrj 
^vvodog y.ai soqti] iv ti] Ar^Xc^' voteqov ds Tovg fisv x^Q^^^ o* 
vr^Gicotai yea ol '/4&t]vaToi ^sd^ tsgrnv tns^TioVy to. dk tteqI Tovg 
dy^vag yai za 7TXEi6za yarEXv^rj vno ^vfKfOQOJVj cog siyog^ ttqIv dr] 
ol "A&rivouoi TOTS Tov dywva inoujaav yai innodQoiJLiag, o ttqozs* 
Qov ovy I'lV. 

CY. Tov 5' avTou x^ifi^vog 'Af4,7iQayiaza(, (oansq vnocxofis- 
voi EvQvXoxcp Ti]v GZQaziav yazsa^oVj ixczgazEvovzai im "Aqyog zo 
AnqjiXoiiyov TQiG)[iXioig 07i7.izaigy yau ia^aXovzsg ig z?]v "'AgyEiav 
yazaXaf/§drov6ii' "OXnoLgy zsvfog ini Xoc^ov layvgov TZQog zrj i>a- 
Xdaaijf nozs ^AyaQvavsg TSiiicdnsvoi yoivco diyacTr^Qia) ijQOJVTO' 
dntjEi ds dno zr^g 'Agysicov TzoXsag, iiriOaXaaaiag ovatjg, ntvzs yai 
Eiyoai Gzadiovg ndXiaza. 2. ol ds 'AyaQvdvsg ol fisv ig "Agyog 
^vrE^oi'jOovVf ol ds TTJg ^Aiiquloylag iv Tovzcp t^ X^Q^^ ® Kqrivai 
ya.XEizaij cpvXdaaovzsg zovg fisza EvqvXo^ov TlEXoTzovvijaiovg fAj] 
Xu&coai TTQog zovg 'AuTiQayicozag diEXd^ovzEg, iazQazonEdsvaavzo. 

3. Tihunovai ds yai ini /J)]fi0G&iv}]v tov ig Ti]V AlzcoXiav 'AOtj- 
vaicov GTQazriyrjGarza, oncog ocplaiv i]yE{iojp yiyvrjzai, yai ini zag 
Ety.OGi ravg 'AO^Jjvaiojy ai hvyov tieqi TlEXon6vvi]GOv ovGai, cov //o- 
ysv ^AQiGToriX^g zs 6 TijioyQUTOvg ya\ lEQoqjav 6 'ApzifxrrjGzov. 

4. dnsGTEiXav ds ya\ dyysXov ol tieqi zdg ^OXnag 'AfiTZQayiMiat 
ig ziiv TioXiv KEXsvovTsg oqx'ui ^oi^d^Eiv navdimsi, dsdioTsg fuj ot 



LIB. III. CAP. CVI. CVII. 172 

ft«r EuQvXoxov ov bvvmvzai dieXdaip zovg ^AnaQvavag j<a< aqjiaiv 
2) fiorcoO^Elaiv rj f^ccx^ ytviitai t] dva/^coQsTv ^ovXof^t'voig ova y aacpa 
At'g. CVI. ot fxlv ovv jU£t' EvqvX6)[ov ritloTTOvvijcnoi cog fiudov- 
to zohg Iv "OXnaig ^AiiTTQay,i(6tag rfAOvtag, aqavzEg i-A %ov /Tjoo- 
GX'^ov i^oj]&ovv ^iaza zd)^og, xat dia^dvrsg zov ' ^leXqiov I'^caqovv 
81 ^A'AaQvariag, ovar^g igrjixov dia zijv ig "Aqyog ^orj&eiaVf iv 
de^ia filv i'lovxEg 77]v 2JtQaticop noXiv 'aui tijv qjQOvgdv avzmv, 
Iv aQiGteQcc ds zriv aXXt]v 'AnaQvaviav. 2. aai dieXd^ovzEg zrjv 
2zQazLcov yr^v ixcoQOvv dice ztjg (Pvziag nal av&ig BlEdEavog tzuq 
aaxoiza, sriEiza dia Aifivaiag * nal ETZt^tiaav ztjg ^Ayqaioav, ovxht 
^Aaaqvaviag, (filiag ds ccpiGi. 3. la^ofXEvoi ds zov Ovdfiov OQOvg, 
saziv dygoixovj e'/^coqovv di^ avzov nal aazt'^rjaav ig zt]v AqyEiav 
vv'Azog ydi]j yial diE^EXdovzsg fXEza^h zijg zs 'AQysiojv TzoXsoog xai 
zr^g im Kq^vaig ^AxaQvdvojv q)vXaKrjg 'iXa&ov nal 7iQ06E(Ai^av zoTg 
iv ''OXnciig '^[A,7iQa.y,i(aza,ig. CYII. ysvofiEvoL ds ddgooi djxa zfi 
Tj[A,wa nad^i^ovaiv ini zrjv MijzqotzoXiv na7.ovnivriv koI azqazons- 
dov inoujaavzo. 'Ad^r^vaToi ds zaig Eixoai vavalv ov noXX^ vozs- 
Qov naqayiyvovzai ig zov 'A[fi7TQayAHov y,6Xnov ^ori&ovvzsg zoXg 
^ AqyEioig^ v.ai ^rjiA.oa&it^rjg MsaaT^viav [isv sj^av dianoaiovg otzXi- 
zag, s^/fAOVza ds zo^ozag '' A&r]vai(ov. 2. nal at fisv vijsg tzeqi 
zdg "OXnag zov Xocpov in {yaXdaarig icpcoQiiovv ot ds 'AlxaQvoi- 
vsg xttf 'AfiqjOJx^^ oXiyoi, ot yuQ nXsiovg vno '^fiTTQaxicozav 
Bia TiCLZEiiovzo, ig zb "Aqyog ijdrj ^vv£Xj]Xvxy6zEg naQEaxEvd^ovzo 
tog fxa'iovfjLEVoi zoTg ivavriQig, nat ijysiiovcx, zov Tzavzog ^vfi[taxii<ov 
aiQOvvzai /It^ixoaO^iv?] fisza z^v ocfSzeQOJV ozqazriymv. 3. 6 ds 
TiQoaayayoov iyyvg zijg "OXnrig iazQazonsdEvaazo ' y^agadqa 5' av- 
zovg [XEydXi] diEigys. xal t][XEQag ^ev tzevzs r]av)[a^ov, zy 5' Exzy 
izdaGovzo dfiq;6z£Q0i ojg ig fid'j^r^v. nal fisT^ov yaq iyivszo aai 
nsQiicis 10 zmv TIeXo7Zovvt](ji(ov ozQazonsdoVj 6 Jriiioa&Evrig dei- 
aag iii] xrxXooi^^ Xoiit,Ei ig odov ziva 'A0iXr]v nal Xoyjxadt] 67z7Uzag 
KOI ipiXovg ^vvafiq)ozs'Qovg ig zEZQaxoaiovgj oTZcog naza zo vtzeqe- 
lov zcjv ivavzLcov kv zij ^vvodcp avzy e^avaazdvzsg ovzoi xaza 
vwzov yiyvcovzai. 4. stiei ds TzaQEansvaazo d[xq)0ZEQ0ig, rjEGav hg 
Y^EiQugj /Iriixoud'iv^g ^isv zo ds^ibv Htgag iyoov [xsza Msaar^vrnv nat 
'A&tjvaicov oXiycov zb ds dXXo ' ^Aaqvavsg cog sxaazoi zszayiiivoi 
irtiiyov nal 'Auq)d6ycov ot naqovzeg dnovzi-azai. TlaXoTiovv^aioi 



174 eoTKT^iJor zrrrPA^H^. 

ds yai ^uTXQa'AiKiTai avafii^ TSTayfisvoi nXijv MavrivsoDv' ovro' 
ds kv roJ tvcovvficp fialXov Tioi ov to nfQug aHQOv tyovzeg dO^QOoi 
7jaaVj «Ar EvQvXoxog taiazov elys to tvcovvfiov aal ol {a-et avrovy 
v.azk I\haG7]viovg xcu /:Jf]fioa&t'vr^v, CVIII. cog 5' kv yjQalv 7;dij 
vvzeg TiEQiiaxov tq) v.iQci ol TleXoTioprTJaioi xai exvaXovrzo to ds- 
^lov zihv havTiaVf ol hx Tjjg kvedQag ' udaaQvaveg STTiysvofisvoi 
avToig xara vcozov nQoaninrovGi zs xai ZQtTiovaiVj maze fi^zs kg 
aX-A7jv vTTOfiEivai q}0^j]&EPzag zs ig qivytiv aal to nXiov zov azQu- 
zEVfjiazog nazaGZJjaai ' hneidt] yaQ elSov zb '/.az EvQvXoyov aa] o 
xgdziazov t]v diacp&siQOfxEPOv, noXXi^ fidXXov £q:o^ovvzo. xat ol 
MEca^vioi, ovzEg zavzrj [xsza zov Jf]^oG&Evovg, zo TtoXv zov sgyov 
h^riX&ov. 2. ol ds ' AfiTiQaMmzai xa« ol v.azk zo de^iov yiiqag 
EVLUcov zo xad^ iavzovg nal TtQog to "Aqyog dnEdico^av yiai yaq 
uayfficozazoi zoov tieq] kxEiva za y^o^Qia zvyydvov6iv ovzEg. 3. 
InavaycoQOvvzEg ds cog E(aQ(ov zo nXiov fEvix7]fiEvov xal vl dXXoi 
'udxaQvuvsg ccpiai nqoasHEivzo, y^aXEn^g diEGco^ovzo kg zdg '^OX- 
nag, nai ttoXXoi ans&avov avzav, dzdazcog nal ovdsvl nocfficp 
TZQoaninzovzEg nXr]v Mavzivicov' ovzoi ds fidXiazcc ^wzszay^Evoi 
navzog zov azqazov dvE^ooQTjcjav. xai i) -{isv [^dyrj szeXevzu Eoyg 

0\pE. 

CIX. MsPEdaTog ds zy vazsgaia EvqvXoyov zs&vs^zog yioi 
MuxaQiov avzbg 7iaQEiXr]q)a)g zrjv dqyrjv xat dnoQ^v [AsydXr^g r^a- 
GJjg yEysvtjfiEVTjg ozcp ZQOTTCp ?] fxivcov noXiOQxrjcEzat eh ze y'^g aal 
«x -QaXdaarig zaig 'u4zzixaTg vavalv dTTOXExXyfiEvogj ?] hoi dvayja- 
Qcov diaam&rjaszaif TTQoaqjEQSi Xoyov tieqi CTZovdav xal dvaycoQ^- 
GEcog /J7]fioad^EVEi not zoTg 'Axagvdvejv azgazT^yoTg, Ttal tzeqI vexqoov 
dfia dvaiQEGEcog. 2. ol ds fSXQOvg [ikv dnsdoaav xai zQonaiov 
avzoi iazijGav xui zovg savzmv zQiaxoaiovg [idXiaza dno&avovzag 
dvEiXovzo ' dvaxcoQ^Giv ds ex fisv zov nqocpavovg ovx EGTZEiaavzo 
anaaif xQvcpa ds /di]fioa-&Evr]g fiEzd z^v ^vazQaz7]ymv 'Axagvdvmr 
cnivdovzai MavzivEvai xcu Msrsdait^ xal zoig aXXoig dg^ovai 
zmv IlEXoTZOvvrjaicov xai oaoi avzav 7jaav d^ioXoyaizazoi dnoy^co' 
qeXv xazd zdyog, §ovX6fiEvog ipiXmaai zovg ^A^nQaxmzag zs xat 
zov fiia&oqjoQOv oyXov zov ^evixov, fidXiaza ds yiaxEdaifxortovg xai 
nsXoTzovvTjaiovg dia^aXsTv ig zovg ixEivrj ygxiCav "EXXijvag (og xa- 
tangodovzEg zo savzmv nQovgyiaizsgov inoiijaavzo. 3. xal ol lup 



LIB. III. CAP. CX — CXII. 175 

tovi; TS vsxQOvg aveO.ovTO aai dia 'iafOV(; k&antov^ (aaTjsg v7ZjiQ)^s, 
xal rtjv uTToxagrjcnv xQvqia oig l8tdoTO STTt^ovlevov. CX. t^ ds 
/drinoG&tvu yiai loTg '^xaQvaaiv ayytlXszai Tovg ^^^nqamcoiag 
lovg ix Ttjs TToXsmg Tzardij^iei naTcc tjjv tjqcottjv ix zcov ^OXttoSp 
dyyeXiav ini^oTjO^eiv 8ia tmv ^AfJiqjikoioov, ^ovloftsvovg roTg iv "OX- 
naig ^vfJifu^ai, aidotag ovdsv rav ysyevt]fi8f03v. 2. xat niiinu Evd^vg 
jov GTQarov fisQog ti tag odovg nqoXoiiovvrag xai ta naQzeqa 
7TQOxaTaX7]xpofitvovg, aai tri aXlrj oTQaTia a^ia TzaQeaxevd^sro 
^orix^tTv in aviovg. CXI. Iv jovtq) 5' ol MavTtvrjg nai oig 
saTTeicTTO TTQoqjaaiv ml Xaxaviofiov aal qiQvydvojv ^vXXoyrjv i^eX- 
•dovtEg VTzan^eaav xat oXiyovg, dfio, ^vXXeyovTsg i(p a i^ijX&ov 
dqd^ev' TTQOxsxooQTjxoTsg da ^dt] ano&EV rijg''0X7tt]g -O^daaov dnaica- 
Qovv. 2. ol d' 'AfXTiQaHiaTcti xai ol dXXoi, oaoi fisv hvyiavov ov- 
icag d&Qooi ^vveX&ovzsgj cog syvmaav dmovtagy ojQfiTjaav nal avtoi 
Hoi t&80v dgo^cpf ETiiyiaraXa^aiv ^ovXonavoi. 3. ol da 'AnaQvarag 
70 fiav TiQajov aac ndvTag ivofiiaav dmivai danovdovg ofioimgj nai 
Tovg JJaXoTiovvriaiovg anabicoxov ' nai zivag avzoov rav aTQazijymv 
n(oXvoviag aai qjdaxovtag ianaTa&ai avroTg rixovziaa zig, vofiiaag 
xaxanQodLdo6\)-ai aq)dg' aTzaiza (lavzoi zovg fiav Mavzivaag xai 
zovg UaXoTTOwTjaiovg dqiiaaav, zovg d^ ^ udfinqaximzag axzaivov, 
4. xcd riv noXXri aqig xai ayvoia. ai'zs ' ^iiTZQaximzijg zig aaziv a'lZE 
IlsXoTzovvrjaiog. xai ig diaxoaiovg fisv zivag avzmv dnaxzaivav oi 
d' dXXoi diaqjvyov ig zriv 'Aygatda ofiogov ovaav, xal ^aXvv&iog 
avzovg 6 ^aaiXavg zmv ^Aygaicov qjiXog cSy VTzada^azo. 

CXII. 01 5' ix zjjg TToXacog 'u4fi7igaximzai dcpixvovvzai in 
'I8o[A,8VTjv. iazov da dvo X6q)co 7/ ^Idofitvrj vxfjTjXco' zovzoiv zov fiev 
uai^co vvxzog iniyavofxavtjg ol ngoanoazaXavzag vno zov /Jijfioa&a- 
vovg dno zov azgazons'dov tXa&ov zs xal acp&aaav ngoxazaXa- 
Bovzag, zov 5' iXdaaoD atv^ov ol ' Afingaximzai ngoafa^dvzag, xal 
ijvXiaavTO. 2. 6 da /druioax^avrig damvijjctg iicogai, xou zo dXXo 
azgdravfia dno aanigag av&vg, avzog [xav zo ijfiiav a^mv ini zjjg 
ia^oX-ijg, zo 5' dXXo dia zoov ^ udiiqsilojixmv ogatv. 3. xoll aficx, og- 
■&gq) inminzai zoTg 'u4fingaxic6zatg azi iv zaig svvaTg xal ov ngo- 
l}G\)t]iisvoig zd yayevTjfiavaf dXXd noXv ^dXXov vofiiaaai zovg aavzcov 
elvai' 4. xai ydg zovg MadGTjviovg ngazovg iniztjdag 6 z/i/,ao- 
a^ivijg Tzgovztt^af xal ngoaayogavaiv ixaXava, Jcogldoc zs yXcjcaaw 



176 eOTKTAlAOT ATFTPA^n^. 

Is'vTag xal joXg TZQoqivXa^i nlariv TzaQexofttvovg, ccfia ds aai oh 
aailoQcofitrovg tij oipsi vvmog hi ovar^g. 5. cog ovv iTrinecJs tea 
GTQarevfiaTi avrav, tqetzovgi, xal zovg [xlv nollovg avzov dit- 
Qjx^eiQaVj 01 ds XoiTzol xaza ra ooij ig cpvyrjv cogfirjcav. 6. nQov-a- 
78iXT]fif^troov ds Tcoy odaVy yiai ufxa imv fih 'Aixopilo'ioiv if^TzsiQav 
ovTcov trig iavTwv ylqg aai \pikwv TtQog onlitagy roov ds ansiQ(av 
nai avETZiGiTjfiovmv otzi] TQccTTCovTai, iaTTiTiTovteg eg rs laqadqag 
y>al Tag nQolskoiiaiiivag Ividqag Siscp&eiQOVTO. 7. aai, ig naaav 
idtav ^(oqriaavTsg 77Jg q^vyrig siqanovTo zivsg not ig tjiv -O-dXaa- 
aav ov noXv aniyov^OLV, nal cog eldov tag ^ AxxiKag vavg naqa- 
TzXsovaag afia zov sQyov ry ^vvtv)^i(z, nqoaivEvaaVj rjytiad^svoi iv 
T^ avTixa cpo^q) y,QEi6aov thai aqjiaiv vno rcjv iv laig vavaiv, el 
8tT, diaq)&aQt]vai j] vtzo tcov ^aq^dqcov na\ iy^&iGTKiv 'AfiqjiXoxo^v. 
8. 01 fiev ovv ' A(inQamKizai zoiovzcp TQOTZcp yMxoo&tVTsg oXiyoi 
ano noXXwv iaooO-rjaav ig ttjv noXiv ' ^ Ay.aqvdveg ds GxvXevaav- 
Tsg Tovg vsygov-g xai zqonaia az^aavTeg aTzexcoQrjGav ig "Aqyog, 
CXIII. yai avzoig zy vazegaia ^Xd'e y^QV^ ano zcov ig 'Ayqai- 
ovg yazacpvyovztav in ZTJg "OXnrig ' AiiuQaHicDzav, dvaiQeaiv aizij' 
6(ov zmv vEHQmv ovg dneyzeivav vazeqov ZTJg TrgmzTjg iid'/rigf ozb 
ueza zcov Mavzivioav ya\ zav vnoanovdcov ^vve^xieoav danovdoi. 
2. idojv d' 6 y^Qv^ za onXa zmv dno ZTJg noXecog 'AfiTTQanicozojv 
i&avfiat,e zo !nXi]-&og ' ov yccQ '^dei zo nd&og, dXX aiezo zmv iJteza 
Gcpmv slvai. 3. yai zig avzov ijqszo o,zi ^avfid^oi yai oTwaoi 
avzav zs&vaaiv, olousvog av 6 igmzav thai zov yi^QVxa dno zoiv 
iv ^Ido[A,evaig. 4. o 5' sq)i] diaxoaiovg fidXiaza. vTzoXa^mv d' 6 
iqcazcov eJnev, Ovxovv za onXa zavzl q^aivezai, dXXa nXeov y yi- 
Xicov. av&ig ds elnev iyeivog, Ovk dqa zmv fisd^ ijiimv iiaiofxevcov 
iaziv. 6 5* dneyQivavzOy E'lneq ys vf^eTg iv 'Ido[xiv7i y^&sg ii4,dxsa&e. 
^AXX riiieig ye ovdsvl i{xa)(^6[ie&a xd^ig, aD,a ttqojtjv iv zy dnoiu)- 
QTJaei. Kal fiev d)] zovzoig ys ^fisig y^d^sg aTzo zrjg noXeoog §0?]- 
{^rjaaai ZTJg ^ AiinQayicozmv inayo^e&a. 5. 6 ds y^QV^ cog 7]yova8 
yai iyvoo ozi tj drzo zrjg noXeoog ^o^&eia di8q)x)-aQTai, dvoifioo- 
lE,ag ya\ iynXaye]g z(^ fieyid^ei zmv naQovzoov yaycov anriX&ev 
ev&vg dnqayzog yai ovyezi dnrjzei zovg veyqovg. 6. na&og yaq 
tovzo Ilia noXei 'EXXi]vidi iv laaig ij^iqaig fisyiazov d/j zav yaza 
<:ov TtoXeuov zovds iyevszo. yai dqid^(A,ov ovx eyqatpa zwv dnox^a' 



LIB. III. CAP. CXIV. cxv. 177 

vovTmVf dioti aniarov to TzXtjd^og Xtyerai anoXiad^ai coc n{)og 10 
^iiye&og ttjq TioXscog. ' ud^nqamav fXEvroi oi8a oti d £§ovX7]&Ti6ap 
' AnaQvarsg %a\ 'udlfiqjiXoxoi ^ A&rivaioig nai /Ji]{io6d€VEi neiO^o-' 
fisvoi t^EX&etv, avto^oel av elXoV vvv 5* sdsiaav fit] ol ' A^rivaloi 
£)^ov7sg avTTjv ^aXsTzcazegoi aqjici naQOVAOi 061. CXIV. lAEza ds 
zavta TQiTOv f^sgog vsifiavrsg T(av cxvXoov joTg '^Oijvaioig ru 
aXXa aaza zag TioXsig dieiXovzo. aai za f^isv zmv 'u^&rjvaiav tzXe- 
ovza edXojj za ds vvv avaHsiiisvcc hv zoTg '^zzixoTg lEQoTg Jrnio- 
aO^ivsi i^riQe&ijaav ZQiay,6aiai navonXiai, 'Aai aycxiv avzag naze- 
TzXEvaa' aai lykvEZO «/<« avzm [lEza Z7]v ZTJg ^izcoXiag ^vficpogav 
anh zavztjg zijg TTQcc^soog adsEazEQa ri nd&odog. 2. dTtrjX&ov ds 
xal 01 iv zaXg sixoai vavaiv '^&7]vaioi ig NavTraxzov. 'AiiaQvavsg 
8s Kix] 'u4fiqjiXoxoi dnsXy^ovzcov 'Ad^rjvaimv aal /Jrjixoa&tvovg zoTg 
cjg I^aXvvd^iov aou 'Ayqaiovg aazagjvyovGiv 'A(inQay.i(Dzaig xai TIe- 
XoTTOvvJjaioig OLvaxoogrjaiv icTZSiaavzo f| Oivixd^v, oltzeq aal fiEza- 
V8az7i(jav Tzaga ^aXvvdiov. 3. xal ig zov 'insiza ^qovov anovdag 
aai ^vfjtfiaxiocv snoi'qaavzo sxazov eztj 'Ayiagvavsg nal 'AfK^iXo^oi 
TTQog ^Af^Tzgamcozag etzI zoT6ds coazs ii^zs ^AptTzgaxKazag fisza 
^ uiyicuivavcov azgazEVEiv sni TIbXonovvriGiOvg ^rjzs ^Axagvdvag 
uEza 'AfATtganKozav in ' Ad^rivaiovg, ^otj&eTv ds zy aXXijXoav, y,ai 
dnodovvat 'Afinga'Aicozag oTzoaa y xcogia i] ofxi^govg 'A[xq)iX6)^C)3v 
«;fOi;<T«, aal inl ' Avaazogiov fit] §ori&EXv TzoXifiiov ov ^Axagvdai. 
4. zavza ^vv&E[A.Evoi diiXvaav zov TzvXEfiov. fisza ds zavza Kogiv- 
&i(H (pvXaarjv iavzmv ig zrjv 'AfiTzgaxiav aTZEGTEiXav, ig zgiaxoai- 
ovg oTiXizag, xal AsvoxXsidav zov Ev^vAXsovg dg'fovzat.' ol xofii- 
^4{A.Evoi laXsnmg dice zrjg 'Hnsigov dcpUovzo. zd fxsv y.az ^ A^- 
Tigaxiav ovzcog iysvEZo. 

CXV. 01 5' iv zri ^I'AsXia 'Ad^?]vaToi zov avzov lEijimvog sg 
r3 Z7JV ^Ifisgaiav dno^aaiv iTzoir^cavzo in zoov vsmv fiszcc zav 2!i- 
ifsXicozav dvco&Ev ia^s^Xijy.ozcov ig zd EOiaza z?]g ^Jiiegaiag, xa) 
im zdg AioXov vijaovg 'inXEVGav. 2. dva^^cog^aavzEg ds ig 'P^- 
yiov Ilvd^odcogov zov 'IaoX6)^ov, ^ A&ijvaicov azgaztjyov, aazaXafi^d- 
vovaiv ini zag vccvg diddo^ov cov 6 Ad^r^g ygxEv. 3. ol ydg iv 
^ixeXicc ^vfifjia'j^oi nXsvaavzEg sTZEiaav zovg ^ Ad j]vaiovg ^otjOeTv 
Gcpiai- nXsiOGi vavGi' ziqg [xsv ydg ylqg avzoov ol 2Jvgax6aioi ixgd- 
Tovv, zijg ds 'OaXduarig oXiyaig vavaiv EigyofxEvoi TtagEGXEvdt^ovzo 



178 eOTKTJIJOT ZTrrPA^H2, 

vavTMov ^vrayeiQOvtBg mg ov 7t£QiO\p6fisyoi. 4. nal inX^govv vavg 
TEaaaQdaopza ol '^&rivaToi cog anoaTEkovvrsg avzoigy afia filr 
iiyovfisvoi '&aa(3ov lov ixst noXtiiov xaTaXv&jjusad^aif afia bl ^ov- 
Xo[i,evoi fieXitrjv jov vavrmov noieic&ai. tov fisv ovv sva rmp 
crqatriymv aneatEiXav, IIv&odcoQoy, oXiyaig vavai, ^ocponXea ds 
TOP 2J(06TQccTidov yioi. EvQVfikbovra tov 0ovxXeovg im t^v nXeto- 
V03V vEmv anoTtsfiipsiv s(4,eXXov. 5. 6 ds IIv&odcoQog i]8j] ej^oov ztiv 
70V Adyrritog zav vsoov aqpiv eTiXevas ZEXsvravtog zov lEijiavog 
STTi 70 Ao'AQwv (jjQovQior, TZQOZEQOV Ad)^t]g EiXs' HOI vinrjdslg 
fidxT} vno 7av Aoy.Qmv dvEicoqr^aEV. 

CXVI, 'Eqqvtj 8s steqI avzo to sag 7ov70 6 Qva^ 7ov nvqog 
ix 77Jg AiTVJjg, maTZSQ xat to ttqoteqov. aai yijv 7iva Eq)&£iQe Tcoy 
KaTavaiooVj ot etzI 7y Ahvri 7^ oqei olxovaiv, otteq [iEyia76v ia7iv 
OQog iv zy 2ixEXia. 2. XEyezai dh 7iev7Jjxoa7<^ hsi gvjjvai 7ov70 
[isza 70 nQ67EQ0v QEvfia, TO ds ^vfiTiav 7Qig ysyEv^a&ai to QEVfia 
dcp ov JJinsXia vno 'EXXrivcov olxsi7aL tama filv xctTcc to>' XEijim' 
VOL 70V70V iyEys70. xai extop hog 7(p noXifitg STsXevTa 7^ds op 
Govxvdidrjg ^vpeyQUxptp, 



5 0TES. 



NOTES. 



BOOK I.  

The Preface of this history, which is supposed to have been written by 
ITiucydides after the termination of the war (see K on I. 1. § 1), extends to 
chap. 24, and may be divided into three parts: 1, the reason why the 
history was composed (chap. 1); 2, the magnitude of the Peloponnesian 
war, evinced by a comparison of the ancient state and condition of Greece 
(chaps. 2-19); 3, the nature of Grecian history and especially of the work 
now in hand (chaps. 20-23). The second of these portions may be subject 
also to a threefold division : 1, the times which preceded the Trojan war 
(chaps. 2-8) ; 2, the Trojan war (chaps. 9-11) ; 3, the times which succeed 
ed that war (chaps. 12-19). Ct Poppo ad loc. 



CHAPTER I. 

Tlje historian alleges as the reason why ho composed a history of the Peloponnesian war, 
that it was greater and more memorable than any war in Greece which had preceded it 
(§ 1) ; it is impossible to arrive at any certain knowledge of the nature and importance 
of the preceding wars, yet the probability Is strong that they were not very great (§ 2). 

1. QovKv^ldrjs. This is the form of a patronymic without the 

sigmfication, as MtXrtaSjys-, 'Apto-reifij;?, etc. Of. Mt. § 429, 3. 

A^r]vaios. Some think that the words tov '0\6pov have been left 
out by copyists, inasmuch as they are found in IV. 104. § 4, and 
elsewhere. But, as Poppo remarks, our historian so distinguished 
liimself, that there was no danger of his being confounded with 
others of the same name. There is no need with some critics ot 

supplying the article with 'ASTyi/atos-, as no emphasis is intended. 

^vveypa-\lr€ tov TroXcjuor, composed a history of the war. The Scholi- 
ast says, that ypdyp-aL is used of one thing, ^vyypd^at, of several. 
Hence reference may be had to the documents or narratives upon 



182 NOTES. [BookL 

whicli the history was founded. Thucydides is called (kut i^oxrjv) 

6 ^vyypa(f)evs. as inoXefjiTja-av, as they carried it on. Supply 

avTov. Some are disposed to read ov instead of wr, but without 

sufficient authority to justify the change. dp^dfievos ev'^vs /<a3i- 

a-rajjievov (=» dp^dfj,€Vos rov crvyypd'^at ev^vs ore KaHiaraTO 6 noke- 
/Ltoy), liating commenced it immediately at the beginning of the war^ 
i. e. he commenced the collection and arrangement of the materials 
at the first breaking out of the war. The history was not written 
out until the war had closed. Cf. V. 26. § 1, where he speaks of the 
war as finished, and II. 13. § 7, where the Long Walls are spoken of 

as a past afiair. kuL Unless this connective suggests the mental 

repetition of ^weypa-^e^ I am at a loss to conjecture its use^ since 
eXTTio-as-, expecting^ supx^osing (cf. Lat. sperare), denotes the cause of 

the preceding proposition. Cf. K. § 312, b. a^toXoycoraroi/ ratv 

rrpoyeyevTjfjLevcov, more remarhible than any which had preceded. This 
Qse of the superlative for the comparative, is of frequent occurrence 
in Thucydides. aK/xa^oi/res — rjcrav (— r]Kp.a^ov\ were in the high- 
est state of preparation. is avrov^ i. e. for the war. '•'' dKpA^cLv 

€s Ti eodem modo dictum, ut eppapro is rov noXepov^ II. 8. § 1, 

qua voce illam explicat Zon. p. 984." Kriig. t6 aXXo 'EXXt]vik6p 

-= Tovs aXXoys ""EXXrivas. ——^ kol — 6pa>v = Kol on iCopa^ the construc- 
tion having been changed from on with the verb to the participle. 
KOI here refers to re after aKpd^ovres., and introduces another reason 

for the conjecture expressed in TeKp^ip6p,€vos. t6 pkv — r6 8e, 

partly — and partly. diavoovpevov (sc. ^vvlaraa'^ai from the pre- 
ceding clause). "/cZ in animo hadejis^ id moliens." Bothe. 

2. KLVTjo-is. . . .^ap^dpcop, for this was the greatest commotion which 
ever tools place amon^ the GreeTcs^ and a considerable portion of the 
iarharians. Kivrja-is does not take the article, because it is the pre 
dicate, and the pronoun avrr] the subject. Cf. K. § 246, E. 1 ; Kr. 
§ 61. 7. bf) strengthens /xryio-r?;, ly far the greatest. Some confine 
peylcTTT] df) to rot? ''EXXr]<nu, but it evidently is to be extended to 
pepei Tivi Tcop ^ap^dpcov^ "a large portion of the dardarians.^^ Arnold , 
Reference is had to the Persians, Thracians, Sicilians, etc., who par 
ticipated with the Greeks to a greater or less extent in the Pelopon- 

nesian war. as 8e elnelp = and I had well nigh said^ not, and 

so to speaTc^ as this phrase is more commonly to be rendered, kol in 

the next clause is e'cen^ also. ptti nX^lcrrov dv'ipuinop "^rvXelaTois 

dp'Spanois. to. yap npo avrSiv. " The plural pronoun refers to 

some such expression as to. tov noXepov, or to. niXoTrovinjaLaKa, as 
we often find the Pei*sian war called to. MT^St/ca." Arnold. By rd. yap 
rrpo avTwv is meant the Persian, and by to, en ndXaioTepcL, the Trojar 



Chap. IL] NOTES. Jgg 

war. Some, however, Lnderstand by the former of these expressions 
both the Persian and Trojan wars, and by the latter, those still more 

remote, viz. in the heroic ages. 8ia xp^vov ttX^Sos-, on account 

of ilie length of time which had elapsed since they were carried on 

TJiis use of TrX^Soy, in the sense of /xtjkos-, is quite rare. ddi/mra 

"= dbiivarov. K. § 241. 3. oyv. Some supply e^ from the preced- 
ing eic, but it is better to make it stand for a after o-kottovvti, the 
genitive resulting from the attraction of the pronoun with its antece- 
ent TeKfXTjpioiv. Poppo in his Suppl. Adnot. says " per schema Kara 

Koivov explicanda verba." fiaKporarov ctkotvovvti,. Poppo after the 

Scholiast explains these words, diutissime spectare. I prefer with 
Goel,, Arnold, and Bloomf., to render it, going 'bach as far as possible 

in my inquiry. nLarevcrai, " intelligendum too-re, ita ulf fidem 

habeam testimoniisP Bothe. fieyaXa refers to the ra which pre- 
cedes. is ra aWa^ as it respects other things^ i. e. civil affairs. 

For this use of is (old Attic for ets), cf. K. § 290. 2. c. 



CHAPTER II. 

The inhabitants of Greece in its earliest state were for several reasons migratory (§§ 1, 2) ; 
the richest districts were most subject to this change of inhabitants (§§3,4); while 
Attica from its sterility was more permanently inhabited (§ 5) ; for which reason it 
excelled in population the other states of Greece, furnished a refuge for such as were 
driven from their homes, and planted colonies in Ionia (§ 6). 

1. (palverai — OLKoviiivrj. With the participle, (paiveo-^ai signifies ta 
appear^ to show one^s self; with the infinitive, to seem, mderi. K. 

§ 311. 8 ; S. § 225. 8. yap here introduces a confirmation of what 

was said in the preceding chapter, that neither the civil nor military 

afiairs of Greece, in its earliest ages, were very considerable. 7 

vvv 'EXXuff KokovyiivT}^ what is now called Greece. S. § 225. 1. 

^e^aicoSf " modo firmo ac stabili.''^ Betant. fieTavaa-Tdareis (nii- 

grations) ovaai. Supply (f)aLvovTai from the preceding context. 



TTjv iavTiop^ their own country. ^la^onepoi.. ..TrXeiovcov^ '"''coacti 

db Us, quicunque majore numero ipsos invaderent.''^ Haack. «ei, 
from time to time. "When it has this meaning, ^dei is usually placed 
between the article and the adjective or participle. Cf. I. 11. §§ 1, 2; 
22. § 1, et saepe al. 

2. ye/xo/xei/ot. .. .0770^7)1', eacJu one holding as his own possession as 
much (only) as he could live on ^' just enough for subsistence. On 



184 KOTES.- [Book I 

oaov, cf. K. § 332. E. 8 ; S. § 222. 6. cTrot^f, "t^itowt tolerarey Be- 

tant. ;(p77/xarcov is well rendered by Bloomf. Qoods^ moveables, 

property^ not money only. ovbk yrjv (^vrevovres^ not planting iht 

earthy as witli vines, olives, etc., since the enjoyment of the fruit of 
their labor would be so precarious. For the construction of tibrjXop ov 

(it heing uncertain), cf. K. § 312. 5 ; S. § 226. b. oTroVe. The 

idiom of our language would have required ei nr] after a8T]\ov ov. 

Kai, also, too. dreixiO'Taiv — ovtccv, sc. avrav. When the subject 

of the genitive absolute is a pronoun, which can easily be supplied 
from the context, it is often omitted. Eeference is had in areixi'oTtov 
properly to abodes and dwellings. The construction is varied, for 

aTci-)(i(TTovs ovras d(f)aipT]cr€TaL (sc. rrjv yrjv ne(j)xrr€Vfi€VT]v). afia, 

moreover, tcithal. /ca3* r^jxepav {daily) is frequently found with 

verbs denoting to live, to obtain a livelihood. dvajKa'iov Tpo(f)r]s, 

necessary subsistence. ov ji^aXeTraiy, icithout difficulty, readily. 

di avTo, i.e. on account of the little difficulty they made in emi^ 

grating. irapaa-Kevfj refers to miUtary apparatus. 

8. r^s y^? T} dpioTT] (= rrjs yr^s to TrXelarov. Cf. K. § 264. 2. c), 

the richest country, literally, the best of the land. vvv Qeao-dXia 

KokovfievT]. Thessaly was in more ancient times called Emathia, 

Pelasgia, Pyi'rha, etc. ^ApKadias. The Arcadian country was 

mountainous, and hence as their lands were uninviting, the an- 
cient settlers were suffered to remain unmolested, and they were, 

therefore, called by Herodotus avrox^oves (cf. I. 6. § 3). aXXr/s 

oa-a Tjp Kparia-ra, and whxitever otlier parts icere mx)st fertile. 

4. dperrjv yrjs, fertility of soil, rtcrt — iyyiypofievai^^yLyvofievai iv 

Ticri. i(\f^€ipovTo refers to the persons who stirred up factions. 

ap.a. See N. on § 2, supra. dX\o(})vXcov, strangers, foreign^ 

ers, probably, for the most part, Greeks belonging to other tribes. 

5. yovv, for instance. ex roO cttI TrXeToroj/ — ovaav. This is 

explained by the Scholiast and some commentators, by making ov<rcr/ 
stand for ehai, thus blending two modes of expression, ex tov em 
TrXdarov — elvai, and 'ATTtKrjv eVl nXeloTov — ovaav. They then take 
£,< TOV with ovaav (= elvai), and translate eVl TrXclaTov, for the 
most part. But I prefer with Poppo, Arnold, and Bloomf. (in his last 
edition) to regard ex tov im irXa-aTov as a single expression •= t| 

dpxrjs, from the beginning. XeivToyecov, thinness of soil, sterility. 

A great part of Attica was bare rock, where nothing could be sown. 
But in the portions capable of cultivation, barley, and even wheat 
wore produced, and every sort of plant and animals throve in spite 
ot the poverty of the soil. Of. Boeckh's Pub. Econ. Athens, p. 40. 
Agriculture was held in great estimation by the Atlienians. Cf. Xen. 



Chap. II.] NOTES. ' 185 

(Econ. 4; Aristot. Polit. VI. 4. ol avrol {the same. S. § 160. 5) 

aet. See K ou II. 36. § 1. 

6. Koi napdbeLyixa. . . .av^rj'^rjpai, and this is 710 Small 'proof of my 
statement (viz.) that on account of the migrations^ Greecey in its 
other parts {is ra uXka)^ did not increase in like manner {Sfioicoi) 
with Athens. After much examination, I am led to prefer this mode 
of translation, which connects 8ta ras fxeroLKlas . . . .av^rf^rjvai with 
ov \6yov^ to the one adopted by Bloomfield, which unites it with 
apaSeiy/xa robe. The rrapadeiyixa {proof) is contained in the clauso 
beginning with e< yap rrjs aXXi]s. Goel. and others would erase es-, 
and make to. aWa {= ra aXka rrjs 'EXXaSoy) the subject of av^rj- 
^Tjmi. This gives the same sense with the subaudition of rrju 'EX\d8a 
as the subject. The Xoyos or statement to which Thucydides refers, 
as Arnold observes, is contained in the words ov ;(aXe7rc5ff .... napa- 
(TKevfj^ § 2, supra. The interpretation of Ilaack after Poppo, X can- 
not but regard as very wide of the mark : On account of the immi- 
grations into Attica^ that country did not increase in other respects 
(i. e. in riches and military resources), in an equal dxgree with the 
number of its inhabitants. Nothing is said in the previous context 
about the comparative increase of the population and rtJsources of 
Attica ; therefore to introduce it here would be foreign to the design 
of the author, which seems to have been, to show how their migra- 
tory habits retarded the growth of many of the Grecian states. This 
he does by comparing them with Attica, where the population was 
stable and on the increase. — — oX 7roXep,co == iKnluTovres (being ban- 
ished^ expelled) — ol dwaroiraroi == tcov TroXep-cp iKmirrovTOiv oi dvva- 
TcoTaroi. Melanthus and the Heraclidaa are supposed to be especially 

referred to in ol dwarciTaroi. as ^i^aiov ov is an accusative 

absolute. Of. S. § 226. a; Mt. § 568. 3. "Male Ilaack. x^p'^ov intel- 
ligit; debebat saltern rt, tanquam aliquid firmumy Poppo. In 
abbreviated adjectival sentences, the predicate adjective stands in tho 
neuter singular, when the subject to which it refers, expresses not 
any particular individual of a class, but merely the general notion. 

Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 381. rroXIrat yiyi/o/xevoi. In later times, it was 

with extreme difficulty that one, who came from another state into 

Athens, could obtain the jus civitatis. urro naXaiov^ of old, long 

ago. p-eiC<o ?ti, yet greater. is 'Icoviav. This is a prolepsis, 

-nasmuch as Ionia received its name from the Ionian colonists, who 
being expelled from Peloponnesus, had taken refuge some sixty years 
before in Athens. A similar prolepsis is found in the use of ^eXevovv- 

ra, VI. 4. § 2. cbs. . . .^Attiktjs. Of. S. § 226. a. Bloomf. supx)liea 

\oipe7v avTovs with ovx iKavrjs ov(ri]s. 



186 NOTES. [BooeI 



CHAPTEE III 

Evidence of the weakness of Greece in its more early times, is famished ii tht fact, that, 
before the Trojan war, no enterprise was undertaken by the states in combir ation, and 
that they had not yet any name in common (§ J); they gradually received tie appella- 
tion Hellenes from Hellen and his sons, who had become powerful in Phthiotis, and were 
called in by the other cities to their aid (§ 2) ; of which Homer is a witness, who, though 
living at a far later age, nowhere calls them Hellenes, but restricts that name to those 
who came with Achilles from Phthiotis (§ 3) ; nor in contradistinction from them does 
Homer call any Barbarians, inasmuch as the Greeks had yet no general name to which 
this appellation could be opposed (§ 4) ; the Trojan expedition was undertaken by them, 
only because at that time they began to turn their attention more particularly to navd 
affairs (§ 5). 

1. be resumes tlie main subject, which was broken off by the 
parenthesis, /xdXto-ra Se r^y yrjs k. t. X. in § 3, of the preceding 

chapter. rode refers forward to the sentence commencing with 

rrpo yap t5>v TpaiKatp. ov^ TJKKrra = /ndXtora. Thucydides is 

fond of the litotes. rav TpaiKcov, the Trojan icar. Of. Mt. § 445. 

6. d. (^alverai — epyaarafiivr]. See N. on I. 2. § 1. doKel 8e fioi 

— elx^v- By the omission of ort, the dependent clause here assumes 
the form of a principal clause. Great vivacity and strength is im- 
parted in such cases, by the omission of the word denoting the 
dependent relation. Cf. Jelf's Kiihn. § 798. 1. a; Xr. § 55. 4. 

N. 8. In ra fxev trpb "EXXt^ws (in the times defore Sellen\ 

the article is joined in the same manner as in the phrases to anb 
Tovde^ TO irpb tovtov, etc. Some prefer, however, to make tu fiev 

— 8e = Ta fjLep — to. de, po/rtim — et partim. koL rrdw ouSe, TWt at 

all. Koi increases the force of Trdw, as our word very, in the phrases 

very much, very little, etc. Cf. Kr. § 69. 32. N. 18. ehai fj eni- 

KKTjarcs. Notice the change of construction from elx^v, the nomina- 
tive being here used with the infinitive, which construction is raried 
again by the accusative with the infinitive in /caXacrSat "EXKrjvas. 
The reason for this last change, seems to be the employment of the 
preceding accusatives with prepositions, KaTo. e^im], and /ca3' cVdo-rour, 
which are really subjects of Trapexecr^ai, and Kd\e7(r?iai. Cf. Mt. § 427. 

i. Obs. 2; Jelf's Kiihn. 372. Ois. 2. aXXa re /cat, and especially. 

d(j) eavTuiv, from themselves, i. e. they themselves gave the name 

to their respective districts. 

2. "eXXt^i/oj, Sellen was the king of Phthia in Thessaly, and was 
the mythical ancestor of the Greeks, in contradistinction from the more 
ancient Pelasgians. Cf. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Mythol. p. 378, 
tVxvo-drrcoi/, ha/cing 'become powerful. Cf. I. 9. § 2. cVayo- 



UHAP. ill. J ^ NOTES. 187 

fievcDi/ (middle), sc. dvSpcozrcoj/ elicited from es ras SXXas TroKeis Which 

follows. avTovs refers to Hellen and his sons. eV w^eXem, 

Jbr aid^ i. e. of the cities which invited them. /<a3' cicdo-rovs, one 

l)y one^ singly. rfj ofxikLo. ixaXkov, more ly intercourse than by 

any conventional arrangement. . Poppo suggests that fxaXKov may 

signify, magis magisque^ in dies scepiiLs. ov belongs to rjdvvuTo 

(sc. TO KoKela'^ai "EXkijvas). airaa-cv iKvtKrjo-ai^ to come into use 

among all ; literally, to prevail^ to get the upper hand. Botho take* 
airaa-L in the sense of Trdircas. 

8. ttoXXg) — va-Tepov. 'Homer is supposed to have lived after the 
Ionian migration, which was 100 years subsequent to the Trojan v^ar. 
No less diversity than 500 years is assigned to the various dates of 
his birth. The most probable supposition is, that he lived about 800 
years after the Trojan war. koI (before Ta>v TpcoL<a>v), even. 

4. ovde ^ap^dpovs f'lprjKe. "Non negat Thucydides, vocem jSdp- 
8apos Honaeri sotate et fuisse et peregrini quid indicasse (II. 2. 867, 
KapSiv ^ap^apo(])avo>v) ; negat, earn omnes exteros, tamquam Helleni- 

bus oppositos, complexam esse. Cf. Odyss. 8. 294." Haack. fiiq 

TO firjbe "EXktjvas irto — dnoKeKpta'^ai^ decause the GreeJcs were not yet 
distinguished. 

5. ot . . . . KXiySeWep, these several {iKaoToC) Hellenistic communities^ 
having heen first called Hellenists l)y separate cities^ (i. e.) such as 
understood one another'^s language., and afterwards all 'being called "by 
that general appellation. There are other ways of translating this 
passage which for the sake of brevity I must omit. Some verbal ex- 
planations, however, are needful. o\ d' is put for ovtoi hL ovv is 
resumptive, and takes up the assertion made at the beginning of the 
chapter, Txpo twv TpuiLKau. . . .'EXXdy. As Arnold well remarks, what 
is there 17 'EXXdy, is now 01 cos eicaorroi "EXXrjves, and the follow- 
ing words are si sort of explanation of the term^ which properly 
speaking is an anachronism, oa-oi^ in the parenthetical clause oo-ot 
dXkTjXuiv ^vvUa-av^ takes the gender implied in TrdXeiy, ^vvieaav is the 
imperf. 8 plur. of ^wltjui. Tor its construction with the genitive, of 

K. § 273. 5. e. d/Lti^iav dWrjXcov^ want of intercourse with one 

Another. errpa^av refers to "EXXrjves for its subject. dXXa 

. . . . ^ui/JJXSoj/, nay^ it was only because (K. § 312. 8. b.) th^y were better 
acquainted with nautical affairs (literally, the sea) that they united in 
that expedition. This sentence introduces the remarks, which Thu- 
cydides now proceeds to make, on the origin of maritime affairs and 
the practice of piracy. It is unnecessary with Haack to supply is or 
KaTo. before o-TpaTeiav, as it is the cognate accusative after ^vvrjX^ov 
(K. § 278). 



188 ^ NOTES. [Book L 



CHAPTER lY. 

Minos was the most ancient possessor of a navy, and having brought the Cyclades andcK 
his dominion and expelled the Carians, began to clear the sea of pirates (§ 1). 

1. yap is here inchoative and explanatory. In such instances it 
may be rendered now. " The Schol. remarks, tliat by three compari- 
sons Thucydides shows the slender power of the times which preced- 
ed the Peloponnesian war ; (1) by comparison with the period beforo 
Minos, (2) with that from his age np to the Trojan war, (3) from 

thence to his own times." Bloomf. TroKatTaros — vavriKov eKTrjo-aro^ 

was the most ancient possessor of a navy. Similar to this use of the 
superlative is the Latin jprimus hoc facit =^ primus fuit^ qui faceret. 

Ziu =■ iK€iva>v ZiV. vvv 'EXXtji/i/ciJs '^akaa-crr]^. " irporepov yap 

'RapiKT] eKoXeiro." Schol. It is now called the Archipelago. Kv 

K\dda>v. These islands received this name, because they formed a 

kind of circle around Delos. oIklo-ttjs, colonizer. Kapas c'^e- 

Xda-as. Herodotus (I. 171) says that the Carians were expelled by 
the Athenians. It is probable, that the Dorian and Ionian colonies 
wholly extirpated those old Carian inhabitants, many of whom, 
doubtless, had been suffered to remain and enjoy equal privileges with 
the colony of Cretan settlers planted there by Minos. In this way, 
the apparently conflicting accounts of Herodotus and our author may 

be reconciled. icji oa-ov r^bvvaro^ as far as he was able. — — — rov 

— Uvai (S. § 222. 2 ; K. § 308. 2. b), in order that greater revenues 
might accrue to him. 



CHAPTER V. 

The Greeks and Barbarians anciently were much addicted to piracy, which, so far from 
being deemed unlawful or dishonourable, was regarded as in some measure conferring 
glory upon those who engaged in it (§ 1) ; this is seen in the traces of the custom stil] 
remaining in certain parts of tho continent, and from the testimony of the old poet* 
(§ 2) ; robbery by land was also practised, which custom still prevails in some of the 
Grsci&n states (§ 3). 

1. yap serves here to introduce the origin and cause of the 

piracy, referred to in the close of the preceding chapter. ov 

ra)v ddwaTcoTaTcov. A litotcs for, the most powerful. See JT. on I, 8. 



Chap, v.] NOTES. 189 

§ 1. KepSot;?. .. .rpo^r]?, lotTi for their own gain and to supply 

food to their poor, tols da'^eveari literally signifies, tJie weaJc^ infrm^ 
but as these persons are generally possessed of slender means of sub- 
sistence, we may render it as above, roi^ da'SeveaL Tpotprjs is put for 
€V€Ka Tpo(^ris r^ff rdv dcrSfi'ecui'. By attending to sucli passages the 
reader will see, in a manner, how Thucydides compressed his style. 
 Kara Koufxas oiKovjievais^ deing inhabited liTce milages^ i. e. in a 

scattering manner like Sparta, Mantinea, Tegea, etc. t6v TikeiuTov 

.... inoLovvTo^ derived thence the greatest part of their livelihood. 
Tov "TrkelcTTOv rov j3/lov=t6 nXe'icrTou rov ^lov. See l!^. on I. 2. § 3. 

ovK — TTo), not yet. ^epovros. . . ./xaXXov, dut ratJier bringing 

something (ri) of glory even. 

2. offf. . . .Spaj/, to whom it is an honour to do this cleverly^ in 
good style. Koo-p.os'^ an adjective in the predicate. Some take koXms 
in the sense of humanely., but this is a signification wholly unsuitable 
to the passage. As Bloomf, remarks, there is no word which better 
expresses the exact idea, than our English word handsomely., in the 
acceptation dexterously . ol Tvakaioi tcov ttoitjtcov = ol naXaLoi Troi-qraL 
Bloomf. I prefer, however, with Bothe, to refer ol naXaiol to the 
persons spoken of by the poets, inasmuch as it was not the poets 
themselves who asked the questions here referred to. Thus also it 

may be opposed to rives eVt vvv. ras Trva-reis — €pa>Ta>VTeSi " i- ®* 

interrogari advenas cd) hospitibus facentes., nam non ipsi poeta3 per- 
contari poterant." Goeller. irvareLs depends upon epcoroiVTes as its 

cognate accusative. Of. K. § 278. 1 ; S. § 182. 2. oiv nw^dvovrai 

•== €/ceii-<ui' aiv (S. § 192. n. 3) Tvvv'^dvovTaL. Of. II. 57. § 1. dira- 

^tovvTcov, disowning, holding unworthy. oXs. .. .ovei^L^ovTcav. The 

order is : ovre oU (== eKeivoov ois) emp-eXes e'lrj clhevai oveibi^ovTOiV. 
The particles re — ovk respond to oiire in the first member. The free- 
dom from reproach here referred to is illustrated in Odyss. 3. 71. 

3. Kar fJTTeipov, by land, rjneipos signifies the mainland of Greece 

as opposed to its islands. rco naXaia rpoircp refers to the practice 

of piracy and robbery by land, just spoken of, and not, as Iluds. and 
some others think, to the dispersed and defenceless condition of the 

people who inhabited the cities. AoKpovs ^AKapvdvas. Grote 

well remarks (Hist, of Greece, II. p. 388), that the Ozolian Locrians, 
the ^tolians, and the Acarnanians were the most backward mem- 
bers of the Hellenic aggregate. It was not until near the time of the 
Peloponnesian war, that much information is given respecting them. 

ro r( (ri8r]po(pop€la'^ai, the wearing of armor (literally, the being 

dad in iron), is the subject of €iip.ep.€vr}Ke, continued, remained as a 
custom. cTTo ri]s Trakatds XTyoreTas. Arms would bo worn ne- 



190 NOTES. LBooKl 

cessarily by the pirates and robbers, and also by those who would de- 
fend themselves from their attacks, dno here denotes the cause or 
occasion, 5y reason of. 



CHAPTER YI. 

In the early times, all the Greeks wore anns even -while pursuing their ordinal;^ avocaticos 
(§ 1) ; a custom which is now psevalent in some parts of Greece (§ 2) ; and which was 
first laid aside by the Athenians, who adopted a more refined mode of life, although it 
was but recently, that the more elderly dispensed with the ornaments of a less civilizeci 
age and adopted the simple apparel now in use (§ 3) ; in this adoption of a more simpl* 
costume the Lacedaemonians took the lead (§ 4) ; and were the first also who practised 
gymnastic exercises naked, girdles having been before worn around the loins after tho 
manner of the barbarians (§ 5) ; in many other respects, there was a similarity betweei. 
the old Grecian mode of living, and that of the barbarians at the present time (§ 6). 

1. €<nbr)po(p6p(i. See N. on I. 5. § 3. Sia. . . .oIkyjo-cis, on ac- 
count of their unprotected duoellings. Of. Tro'Xecrti/ arcLx^a-roLs^ I. 5. § 1. 
Bloomf. would render dtppuKTovs oiKT^o-ety, open milages or scatterea 

hamlets. ^vvrf^r] =» ^wifiois. diairav refers here to the habits 

and modes of daily life (" titcB genus et institutio.'''' Betant), and may 
be rendered, ordinary pursuits. /xeS' ottXcoj/ =- evonkoi. 

2. ravra rrjs 'EXXdSoff, i. e. the Ozolian Locrians, j^tolians, and 

Acarnanians. Cf. I. 5. § 3. en ovto) veixoixeva^ retaining noic this 

habit ; hterally, living yet in this ma?nier. rap ttotc (S. § 169. 1) 

— SiaiTTjfidToiv depends on a-qixelov. es = extending to. 

3. iv Tois Trpwrot, frst of all (K. § 239. E. 2). Some render tho 
phrase, among the frst. But cf. Mt. § 290. 3 ; Jelf's Kiihn. §§ 137. 4; 
444. 5. a. See also N. on HI. 17. § 1. dveifieinj rrj bLalrr]^ hy a re- 
laxation of manners^ i. e. by adopting customs less severe. ol 

npeo-^vrepoi — Ta>v evdaiuovcov^ the older men of the opulent class. 

avTois (-= e^ avTcov), of them., among them. Mt. §387; Crosby, 616. 

1. bia TO a^pohlaiTov., on account of their luxurious hahits^ as 

Arnold well remarks, explains why they wore the linen di*ess, not 
why they took it off. Hence these words are to be taken with 
<popovvTes and not with inava-avro. Tlie structure of the sentence is 
quite confused. In respect to the wearing of linen garments, Goel. 
thinks that the luxury consisted, not only in their being of linen ma- 
terial, but oftentimes richly embroidered. XP^^^^ '^P'-X'^^i ^'" 

ranging the hair on their head in rolls hy the fastening of golden 
grasshoppers. " The ^P^f^ot reTTLy^s served (like the ornamented 
combs of modern times) to keep tlie top-knot {Kpoa^vkov) in oi^der.** 



Chap. VI] BOTES 191 

Bloomf. Their shape bore a resemblance to the form of grasshoppers, 
a device which the Athenians seem to have adopted, to show that 
they were natives of the soil (avrox'^oves)^ as the grasshopper, which 
was produced from the land itself, Aristoph. Equit. 1331, alludes to 
these grasshopper-combs. The student is referred to Smith's Diet. Gr. 
and Rom. Antiq. p. 268, for an interesting sketch of the various ways 
in which the Greeks arranged their hair, with appropriate illustra- 
tions, dvadovi. cvoL depends on eTravcravTo (S. § 225. 7), and rwv rpt- 
X(ov limits Kpco^vXov. a0' o5, from wJiich custom of the Athe- 
nians. 37 (TKevr) Karecrx^ {th& fashion previailed) is a Iiypaliage for 

ol 7rp€(T^vTepoL Ta>v 'icb^/o)!/ Karecrxov f^^ cncevrjv ravrrjv, Bauer. 

4. ixerpiq^ simple^ modest. es (before t6v vvv), conformed to. 

K. § 290. 2. (3) b. is ra aWa, i7i otJier .respects. irpbs rovs 

TToWovs is to be construed after la-ohlaLroi^ which the Schol. ex- 
plains, op-oblaiToi. ol TO. fxel^co K€KTr}p.ivoL. This shows that in 

the estimation of Thucydides, equality of property was not a feature 
of the Lacedsemonian institutions. Grote (Hist. Greece II. pp. 520- 
525) exposes most admirably the dreams of Plutarch, in respect to the 
alleged redivision of landed property by Lycurgus, and his banishment 
of gold and silver from Sparta. 

5. eyviiva'^Tja-av. The practice of contending naked in the Olym- 
pic games, which, as we are here informed, arose from the Spartans, 
was adopted in the 14th Olympiad, as it appears from an epigram 
on Orsippus the Megarean. Gottl. says that Trparoi is not to ba 
pressed too far, since the Lacedaamonians derived this custom from 
the Cretans. Cf. Plat. Repub. Y. p. 452. A reference, however, to 
this passage in Plato, wUl show that the dyaves are not referred to, 

but the games themselves. es to (pavepov. There seems to b« 

an ellipsis of TrpoeXSoVre?, exutis 'cestihus in conspectum progressi. 
So Bauer, GoeUer, and Poppo. Haack makes is to ^avepov = ip 
tS (pavepa or (j)av€pS)s. Arnold's and Bloomfield's translation, for 
all to see^ making is denote either the designed or natural result of 
the action, is inadmissible, since the former was not true, and to 
notice the latter, as though the reader would need to be informed, 
that a combatant who exercised naked would be seen by all, does not 
cjmport with the brevity of Thucydides, who never turns aside to 
inform his reader of any thing, which he may be supposed to know. 

XtVa is an abridged dative for XiTra'i^ XiVa, from to XiTra. 

K. § 68. 9. jjkei-^avTo^ i. e. irpooToi. rols ^apjSdpots i'a-TLV ols 

'^Ta)v ^ap^dpoau eaTiv ols (== ivioLs. . K. § 331. R. 4). vvv is tO 

be constructed immediately after €ti Se Kai Kriig. remarks with 

reason that a'^\a T'C^^Tai should properly have been aSXooi/ Ti'^ep.epav^ 



392 NOTES. [BooKl 

and tlie following koL omitted, since the difference between the 
Greeks and Barbarians, in the time of Thncydides, was not in the 
institution of prizes for wrestling and pugilism, but in the barbarian 

custom of contending with girdles around the loins. tovto refers 

to TO TTvyfiaxe^v Koi TroXaieii', elicited from the preceding substan- 
tives TTvyfirjs and Trakrjs. 

6. Kriig. constructs ttoXXo with ofxoLOTpoTra, but Bldomf. supplies 
Kara with ttoWo. and takes oixoiorpona adverbially. 



CHAPTER VII. 

For the sake of security against the pirates, the more ancient towns Tvcro built some dis- 
tance from the sea, while such as were more recently founded were built on the very 
sea-coast, or on isthmuses for the more convenient pursuits of coftimerco (§ 1). 

1. rjbr) nXo'iixarepoiv oirajj/, navigation 'being now more advanced^ 
" wlien things 'began to admit more of navigation^ Arnold. n\a>'ijxa)- 
repcov is found in the editions of GoeL, Haack, Poppo, and Bloomf. 

The plural is here used for the singular. eV airoTs- to7s alyuiXols^ 

vpon the very sea-coast. S. § 160. 4. a. drreXap^avov^ occupied. 

In other places, as IV. 45. § 2 ; 102. § 4, it is more fully written la'^p.ov 
aiTokaf^ovra ret;)^i^fiv, Teix^aiv uTToXap^dvetv. The verb therefore may 
be safely rendered, they icaUed off, enclosed with walls. Cf. Betant 
sub voce. Bloomf. illustrates the choice of commanding positions as 

the site of these towns, by referring to Corinth and Potideea. eVl 

•noKv dvTta-xovcrav, for a long time prevalent, '■'■diu obduranteni'^ diu- 

turnam." Bothe. Cf. II. 64. § 5. otto in 0776 ^aXda-cnj^ denotes 

distance from a place, the verb of the proposition being one of rest. 
K. § 288. 1. b. Eeference is had to such cities as Sparta, Thebes, Del- 
phi, Argos, etc. €(j)epov, they (i. e. the pirates) laid waste, ravaged. 

^epQ) in this sense is usually joined v/ith aya. rcov. . . .Skovv, as 

many of the others as lived on tJie coast {Kara cokow), although unac- 
quainted with maritime affairs. Haack supplies iKeivovs before So-oi, 
on account of the preceding dWrjXovs. The participle ovres is here 
concessive, and may be translated as a verb preceded by although. 
Cf. K. § 312. 4. d; S. §225.6; cv ^aXda(rLOL=^ ovk epTveipoi ttjs 3a- 

Xda-arjs. Koi p^xpi Tovbe k. t. X. resumes the narration, which 

was interrupted by the parenthesis Z(\)(pov. . . .cokow. dvaKio-pevoi 

fl(j\ (= auo) oiKovo-i), are built at a distance from the coast. The 
gender by constructio ad sensum is put in the masculine, altliorgh the 
verb properly refers to cities. See N. on I. § 136. 1. 



Chat, via] NOTES. 193 



CHAPTEK VIII. 

Piracy was also practised by the islanders, whom the purification of Delos showed to have 
been mostly Carians and Phoenicians (§ 1) ; but when Minos expelled the pirates from 
the islands, the sea became more open to navigation (§ 2) ; for which reason, the re- 
souroes and power of those who dwelt on the sea-coast increased, and their mode of life 
becoming more settled, they surrounded their cities with walls, some of which cities 
obtaining the pre-eminence over smaller ones, attained to considerable consequence, and 
thus the way was prepared for the Trojan expedition (§§ 3, 4). 

1. Poppo thinks that this section belongs to the preceding chapter, 
inasmuch as it illustrates the subject matter of that chapter, ov^ 

rj(T(Tov — = nakXov. oWcff, who were. The participle may sometimes 

bo rendered by the relative and verb. Cf. K. § 309. 8. b ; S. § 225. 2. 

ovTOL. . . .aKiaap (colonized). Cf. Herodot. I. 171 ; lY. 147; VI. 

44. [lapTvpiov 8e. See TrapaSety/xa, I. 2. § 5. The full form is 

found in Herodot. II. 58. reKfiripiov de fxoi tovtov rode (iari). Cf. 
Mt. § 628. 2./; Butt. § 151. 6. Ka'^aipofievrjs. After this purifica- 
tion of Delos by the Athenians on the advice of an oracle, they suf- 
fered no person to die on the island, but carried those whose end was 

approaching over into Khenaea. rwSe t<S Trokena. Delos was 

purified at the end of the sixth year of the Peloponnesian war. 

vTrep rjpicrv^ adove one half. — — crKevfj rav ottXchv «-= onXois accord- 
ing to the opinion of some, but it is better to render o-Kcvf}, fashion^ 

make. ^vvre^iafifiein], Goel. edits ^vvre'iiap.p.ivov^ which yields the 

same sense. 

2. The discussion of events seems here to be resumed from chap. 
4, at which place the historian digressed, to speak of the existence of 
piracy and robbery, and their effect upon the condition and habits of 
the various states of Greece, fie may therefore be rendered, Jiowever, 

Karaa-ravTos^ having deen estahlished. nXo'ifiarepa — nXo'ijxoi- 

repov. Cf. IST. on I. 7. § 1. oi eK tcov vijcrcop KaKovpyoi aviarrja-av 

■= ol iv rois vrjcrois KUKOvpyoi (the 2^i'i^Cli^) duea-rrja-av (were expelled) 
6^ avrSiv. K. § 300. 4. a. TTep gives a shade of indefiniteness to ore 
-=- adout the time when. 

3. ol napa ^dXaa-aav ap^pccTvoi^ i. e. the men who inhabited the 

gea-coasts. jxaXXov. . . .7roLovp.€voL^ having now odtained possession 

of greater icealth. ^e^aiorepov has reference to a more permanent 

mode of living. t^^XV Trepie-jSaXXoz^ro (sc. rois TroXecnv) — ras tto- 

Xfis relx^a-ip eKVKXovv. nXovcriaiTepoL iavTa>v "^ richer than they 

were Icfore. yap " causam reddit verborum ^aiorepov aKovv et 

Teixq TrepijSaXXoi/To." Poppo. K€pB(ov depends on i^up.evoi. K. 

§ 273. 2. b —-—01 — rjcraovs^ ths poorer. S. § 65.  irpoa-enoiovvro 

9 



194 NOTES'. [BookL 

. . , .TToXet?, they icon over and made obedient to th^m the smaller cities. 
Two phrases are here blended into one. 

4. naXkov Tj8r} ovres, leing now in a letter state than formerly, i a 
naving now become powerful and rich. Bauer interprets this pas- 
sage: magis est, nt tali conditione jam fuerint, quam nt in ilia prisca." 
  voTcpov xpo'^9 "^ vcTTepa xP^^^t ^ former reading, but now con 
sidered a gloss. 



CHAPTER IX. 

The expedition against Troy was set on foot, not so mncli by the suitor's oath to T}ti(1*- 
rus, as the superior power and Influence which Agamemnon had to any of the princes 
of his time (§ 1); for Pelops, by the wealth which ho brought from Asia, became pow- 
erful in Peloponnesus (which took its name from him), which power was increased by 
Atreus, who obtained the sovereignty of Mycente and some other states on the death 
of Eurystheus (§ 2); all which wealth and power Agamemnon possessing, he drew to- 
gether the armament against Troy, more through the influence of fear than attach- 
ment (§ 3) ; for he fitted out the greatest number of ships for that expedition, accord- 
ing to Homer, who also speaks of his extensive sway (§ 4) ; from this expedition may 
be coryectured the nature and importance of those which preceded it (§ 5). 

1. Tciiv t6t€ 8ui/a/iet 7rpovx<^v, hj teing superior in power to the 
princes of that time. The genitive, depends on Trpovxav (S. § 198. 2), 
which participle denotes means (K. § 312. 4. e ; S. § 225. 8), and is 
opposed to TOLs opKOLs in the next clause. These clauses are inverted, 
the natural order being : doKel ov too-ovtov — ayoov (ocrov) rcov t6t€ 

dwdfiei TTpovx'^v. KaT€Lkr]p,}i€vovs (obstrictos). The oaths referred 

to are those which, at the advice of Ulysses, were imposed upon the 
suitors of Helen by Tyndarus, to approve of the cho''co which she 
might make, and defend her from any violence which might subse- 
quently be offered to her. Of. Apollod. III. 10. § 9. 

2. oi TO. (ra(pe(7TaTa k. t. X. The order is : oi dtf3ey;AeVot (cf. I. 20. 
§ 1) TO. o-a^earara ILiKoTvovvrjo-loav, those of the FtCoponnesians who 
Jiave received the clearest accounts. I prefer this to the interpretation 
which makes Uekoirovvr^aloiv depend on to. a-acfyea-rara : tlwse who hav6 
received the clearest accounts of tlie affairs of PeloponnesiLs, inas- 
much as in such a case, we should have expected it to have been writ- 
ten ra HeXonowTjcriaKaiv. a . . . . e^cov, which he draught with him 

from Asia, a depends on €xa>v. rfjv incavvixiav — o-xfti', firiiish- 

ed the Tiawe; literally, had the naming.^ i. e. had it named after him- 
Belf. ofX(i)s belongs to inrjkvTriv ovra, although he was a foreign- 
er. rotff. . . ,^vv€Vf)^rivai. IJaack, Poppo, and others render : to 

his posterity still greater j)ower accrued^ taking /iei'^o) for a neuter 



Chap. IX.] NOTES. 195 

plural, or supplying hvvaynv from the preceding context. Bloomf. 
translates : with posterity attained unto still greater estimation. In 
this case the construction would be : koI (Xeyova-iv) vo-repov '4tl fiel^co 
^vuevex^rjvai (yei/ecrSat) rots eKyouois. I prefer this rendering, because 
it seems to harmonize better with the context, it being the design of 
the author to exalt in this place the fame of Pelops, and to give his 
posterity (i. e. Atreus and Agamemnon) their meed of praise in the 

subsequent context. vno 'HpaKkcidav. Eurystheus was slain by 

Ilyllus and lolaus, assisted by Theseus. Kara to ot/ceioi^, on ac- 
count of his relationship. rvyxaveiv depends on \eyovai at the 

commencement of the section. avrov^ i. e. Atreus. The clause 

Tvyxdi^eiv avTov would have followed prjTpbs. . . .avra far more natu- 
rally as a genitive absolute : koI c^euyovros rbv Trarepa k. t. X. The 
structure of the sentence, as Kriiger remarks, would have been im- 
proved, had ovTos been a primary verb. bia t6v Xpva-lmrov Sam- 

Tov. The Schol. says that Pelops killed Ohrysippus, and Atreus fear- 
ing the same treatment fled from home. According to another tradi- 
tion, his step-mother Hippodameia hated him, and prevailed on her 
sons Atreus and Thyestes to kill him, on which account Atreus fled 

away from the auger of his father. boKovvra elvai^ hy appearing 

to he (see IST. on 7rpovx(ovi I. 9. § 1), is connected to cf)6^a by koI ap.a. 

MvKqvaloiV and oaoiv depend on rr]V (Bacrikeiav. ivapaXafSelv 

and KaTaa-TTJvai have the same construction as rvyxdvetv. tcov 

Jlepaeidcov depends on jxei^ovs. Sthenelus the father of Eurystheus 
was the son of Perseus. 

3. a '^ which wealth and power. Similar to this is the use of 

raCra, Xen. Anab. I. 6. § 9. Cf. I. 18. § 2. kcli vuvvlkS re, and 

in naval power also. On koI — re, cf. S. § 236. N. 3. eVl 7rXeoi/=« 

paXkov. la-xvo-as. See N. on I. 8. § 2. ov 0o^«, not S6 

much ly affection as hy fear ; literally, not "by affection more (to 
Trkelov^ paXkov) than hy fear. 

4. (paiveTOt — dcfiiKopevos. See "N. on I. 2. § 1. —— €t ro) Ikovos 
T€KprjpLco(TaL, if his testimony^ he regarded valid. It is here meant, not 
that the testimony of Homer is to be distrusted, but that some allow- 
ance is to be made for poetical exaggeration. iv..,.Tfj Trapw 

SoVei. Cf. II. 2. 108. Tov (TKrjiTTpov. This sceptre was a lance, 

which the Cheroneans venerated as a god. Cf. Pausan. 9. 40, p. 795^ 

cited by Gottl. vrja-cov depends on cKpaTei. e^co — x^P^^t 

prcBter. TjTreLpooTrjs <3»', inasmuch as he was an inhabitant of the 

continent. See N. on 1. 5. § 3. The participle here denotes the reason 
or cause. Cf. K. § 312. 4. b ; S. § 225. 4. See also N. on P. 20. § 2. 

5. ola ^v TO. TTpo avTTJs'^how powerful were the armaments before it 



196 NOTES. [Book I 



CHAPTER X. 

It is no reason why the poetic account of the greatness of the armament against Trcf 
should be discredited, because Mycenae was apparently a small city (§ 1) ; this will ai>- 
pear evident, if, Lacedaemon having been overturned, any one should attempt to ascer- 
tain its power from its ruins (§ 2) ; the Trojan expedition ought therefore to be re 
garded as greater than any which preceded it, but inferior to those of the present age 
(§ 3) ; for Homer makes the number of the ships 1200, the largest containing 120, the 
smallest 50 men (§ 4) ; which number cannot be considered great, when regarded as tho 
combined force of the whole of Greece (§ 5). 

1. oTi ^f, decause Myceiim loas a small city. See N. on las /3e- 

/Saioi/ oi/, I. 2. § 5. Haack and Poppo supply irokia-yLa from the fol- 
lowing clause. Mycenso was destroyed by the Argives, in the Y8th 
Olympiad, a. o. 468, thirty-seven years before the Peloponnesian 

war. rj €L TL. ,. .dual, or if any of the cities of those times, etc. 

Bloomf. makes this clause parenthetical, and renders : and which of 
the cities of those times does not now appear inconsiderable ? But I 
think this to be unnecessary, as the commonly received signification 

makes apposite sense, a^Loxpeoav, icorthy of notice. ovk ^Ipx]- 

Kaai, no one using this (i. e. on MvK^vai yuKpbv k. t. X.) as a certain 
proof should disbelieve that this armament was as great as the poets 
represent, av belongs to ^pcafxevos and gives the sense no one using 
etc. (if any one should peradventure use it as a pi'oof). prj is added 
to the infinitive because preceded by dTria-rolr), a verb of denial. Cf. 
Mt. §534. Obs.4:', K. § 318. 8; S. §230. 8. Sometimes on ov and 
ois ov are used in this construction with the indicative or optative. 
Karex^i, prevails, obtains. 

2. Sparta and Athens are now brought forward as illustrative of 
what has just been said, yap (illustrantis) may therefore be rendered, 

for example. r?}? Karao-Keurjff TO, iddipT}, the foundations of the 

edifices. KaraaKevf] signifies fio^ed or permanent furniture, and hence, 
as here, is put for buildings, especially public edifices and large man-- 

sious. TToWrjv — dnto-Tiav ttjs dvvdpecos — Trpos to kX/os avrcov, much 

doubt of their power in comparison with (Trpos) their fame, i. e. with 

what their fame represented it to be. npoeX'^ovros noWov xp^^^ov, 

in a long lapse of time. to2s eneiTa, to p)Osteinty (S, § 169. 1), 

limits elvai, which has for its subject, dma-Tlav. liekoTvowriaov 

,,,.[xotpas. The five divisions of Peloponnesus were, Laconia, Mes- 
senia (which was subject to Lacedcemon), Argolis, Achaia, and Arca- 
dia (which included Elis). In Argolis were included tlie Epidaurians, 
T^'oezenians^ Oorintl\ians, and Sycionians. Ta>v e^co ^vp.p.dxa>v ttoX* 



Chap X.] NOTES. 197 

\a)v. This was true after the Pelopoimesiaii war, when Thucydides 
composed the history. Before the war, the Spartans had few if any 

subject states out of Peloponnesus. ovre ^woiKia-'^ei.a-qs^ ''^not 

compactly duiUy Bloomf. -rroXecos. For the omission of tlie 

article, cf. K. § 244. K. 3. Kara Aco/Ltay, in milages. Miiller (Do- 
rians, II. p. 48-50) says, that the names of these hamlets or villages 
were Pitana, Messoa, LimnoB,. and Cynosura, which lay on all sides 
around the city (ttoXls) properly so called, and were divided from one 
another by intervals, until at a later period (in the time of the Mace- 
donian power), they were enclosed with walls and united and incor- 
porated together. Niebuhr supposes that such was the early state of 
Kome, to which Arnold adds the Borghi of Florence, and some of the 

Italian towns. (paimiT^ sc. ttoXis from the preceding rroXecos. A 

Schol. supplies fivVa/ziy from the foregoing ttjs dwaneas. 'ASt;- 

vaioiv . . . .naUiovTaiv is put for et Se ol \\?ir]vatoi 7ra3otfi/, and responds 

to the preceding members, el iprj^oi'^eir]^ X-qc^'^ielrj be. etKa^eo-Sat 

depends on olfiai^ the words Kairoi .viroheea-Tepa being parenthetic. 

rj ea-Tiv^ instead of a noun in the regimen, is uncommon after 

words implying the idea of comparison, like biTrXaaiav. 

8. ovKovv aTn(TTeiv cIkos., Jience it is not proper to doubts we oiiglit 

not to doubt. rrjv o-Tparelav, i. e. the armament fitted out against 

Troy. Tci)v in rcov npo avrrjs depends on p.eyL(TTrjv. Xenrope- 

vrjv de rav vvv^ but falling short of those at the present time. 

KavravJia (i. e. koL evrav^a) " has the same sense as if Thucydides had 
written kuI tvepX ravrrjs rJ)? (TTpaTeias Xeyovri. Therefore the relative 

fjv is in the feminine gender." Arnold. eVi to pfi^ov — Koa-prja-ai, 

to exaggerate for the saJce of embellishment.^ ''''in majus celebrare.^'* 
Poppo. KCLi ourcoy, i. e. even with all the embellishment of Homer. 

4. ;yiXi<bi' .... vewv. The Schol. says that Homer's number of the 
ships was 1166. Eustathius finds in the catalogue the number of 
1186. Thucydides may be supposed to have used a round number. 
dv8p5)v depends upon ras pev (i. e. vavs)^ as the genitive denot- 
ing the contents, or that with which a thing is filled; ships of 
(=• holding, carrying) 120 men. In the same manner we find TrXoia 
criTov and apa^ai aWov. Of. Kr. § 47. 8. N. 4. Kriig. in his note on 
this passage remarks that, as we can say ai vries ^aav (v^es) eKarov 
dp8p5>v^ so also we may say neTrolrjKe ras vavs (yavs) cKarov dvbpav. 
aXXav yovv. , . .napearKevaapeva is generally regarded as paren- 
thetic, the main subject being resumed by ovu in rrpos ras fxeyiarras 

ovv. avreperai (sc. j/ecoj/, cf. III. 18. § 5), themselves rowers. I 

have put a comma after Trdvres, because ip rais ^lXokttjtov vaval is 
by no means to be joined with ^a-av. but is to be taken in the sense 



198 NOTES. [BooKl 

of, in what 7ie has said of the ships of Philoctetes. cTepiVecoff, sit^ 

pernumeraries, i. e. those wlio are merely passengers, and take no part 

in the management of the ship. rwv. . . .reXci, those particularly 

in office'^ the chiefs. Cf. to. reXr}, I. 58. § 1. fxeXKovras should 

properly be /leXXoj/rwi/, but as in that case it would have referred to 
flaoriXc'tov, and not as it does to the whole armament of the Greeks, 
the accusative was adopted, the subject being partly contained in the 
subject of the primary verb, Trepipecos ttoXKovs ^vfinXelv^ as Arnold 
remarks, having exactly the same meaning, as if Thucydides had 
written Trepiveois ttoXKovs fiera cr(})a)v ayetv. The subject of /ic'XXoi/- 

ray is therefore ''eXXt;^^ to be supplied. KardcPpaKTa^ decked,, icith 

decks. Their ships were covered only in the prow and stern, which 
covering Homer calls iKpla vqos (cf. Odyss. 12. 229). Even in the 
time of the Persian war, the ships were not entirely covered (cf. I. l-i. 
§ 3, avrai .... KaracrT pea para). Cf. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Antiq. 

p. 58. XT^o-TiKcbrepcoj/, rather after the piratical fashion. 

5. irpos.. . . o-KOTTouj/ri, in reference to the greatest and the smallest 
ships, if we looTc at the medium = if we look at the medium detween 
the greatest and the smallest ships, irpos here denotes fitness, con- 
formity to. Cf. K. § 298. III. 3. b. ovv=I say then, or accordingly. 

a-KOTTovvTi limits ipaivovrai. as — Trepnopcvoi, l)eing regarded as sent. 

K. § 312. 6. 



CHAPTEE XI. 

5Tio want of means to support an army, was a reason why tho armament against Troy 
was no larger; and so limited were they in their resources, that they were obliged to 
engage in expeditions into the surrounding regions, in order to obtain subsistence for 
the aruty, which fact shows why the siege was so long protracted (§ 1) ; for if they had 
pressed the siege vigorously with their whole force, they might easily have taken the 
place (§ 2) ; but want of pecuniary resources made the military operations prior to thia 
expedition feeble, and even this was inferior to its fame as celebrated by the poets (§ S). 

1. aiTiov, the reason of this paucity. dxprjpMTia, want of 

money. r^? yap rpo<jir]s. The article, as Bloomf. well remarks, 

refers to something to be mentally supplied, as the food, sc. necessary 

for their sustenance. auro'Sei/, from the place itself, i. e. from tho 

Trojan country. noXepovvra denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. 

1 1. Tc in eTreidf] re responds to t€ in rov re arpnTov. S^Xoi 



Chap. XT.] NOTES. 199 

. . . .ireixtcravro is a parenthetic clause, confirmatory of ineibf] re. . . . 

fKparqa-av. The proof of S^Xoi/ 5e is introduced by yap. ovk av 

eretxtaavTO. Supply mentally el fij) jxaxj) iKpaTrjaav. 8c in S* 

ovd' is resumptive. It is often found after particles of time in the 

apodosis. iurav^ia, i. e. when they had gained the first battle. 

npos yecopyiav. Eustath. (ad. II. p. 387) says that Diomedes 

ploughed the Thracian fields, and was not present at the theatre of the 

war. XrjaTelav. Under the conduct of Achilles, the Greeks made 

excursions into the surrounding country and pillaged many cities. 
Xfjarreia, although a word denoting piracy, is here to be taken in a 
modified sense, of pillaging expeditions^ excursions for plunder^ as 
Bloomf. remarks, bearing some resemblance to the privateering of 

modern times. fj^ " Jioc igitur modo sen qimm ol) causamy- Poppo. 

Cf. I. 25. § 4; II. 2. § 3 ; III. 13. § 2. avroiv Suanapfievcov refers 

to the Greeks. to. deKa errj. The time of the siege was well 

known, and hence the article is prefixed to 8eKa err]. Cf. Kr. § 50. 2. 

]Sr. 1. j3La is to be taken with avrelxov-, and not with avTiiraXoi 

(== avrd^ia) as Bauer supposes, since it has the sense of impetu., vi^ and 
not diribus. It is singular that Hier. Miiller should connect jSi'a with 
avrSav dieaTrapnepoiu. The idea is that, in consequence of the disper- 
sion of the Greek forces in quest of the means of subsistence, the Tro- 
jans were enabled to make successful resistance in the open field, 
s^gainst those of their enemies who were left to carry on the siege. 
dei., for the time deing. See l!T. on I. 2. § 1. 

2. exovres, with. K. § 312. E. 10. tiSpo'ot, leing collected to- 
gether. ^vvix^^s Tov TToXepiov du(f)epov, had carried the war 

through (i. e. to a successful termination) without any interruption. 

p-dxtj belongs to Kparovvres and not to etXov. ol ye. K. 

§ 317. 2. aei. See N. on the previous section. TroXtopKia 8* 

av npoa-Ka'He^opevoi^ dut had they applied themselves to the siege ; lit- 
erally, sat down to the siege. Poppo connects av with elXov. 

8. rourcoi/, i. e. the expedition against Troy. avrd ye Brj raCra, 

indeed this itself (K. § 303. 8). The plural is here used also, although 
referring to the Trojan expedition, the idea of events in the expedition 

being prominent in the writer's mind. yevofxeva is here concessive. 

See N. on I. 7. § 1. 8rj\ovTai — 6Wa, is shown to have heen. drjXovw 

with a participle signifies, to disclose^ reveal., with an infinitive, to say^ 

to announce.^ etc. K. §311. 12. Ka\ tov. . . .KarecrxiT^dTos^ even 

the report which^ through the medium of the poets., is now current re- 
ipecting it. See N. on I. 10. § 1 (end). 



^200 NOTES. [BookL 



CHAPTER XII. 

The Greeks still remained in an unsettled condition after the Trojan wtr, and therefore 
made no great improvement' (§ 1); this resulted, among'other things, from the factions 
which had arisen during that war, and through which, those who returned were banished 
from their respective countries (§ 2) ; the Boeotians and Dorians changed their abodes 
(§ 3) ; the country at length becoming tranquil and the population no longer migratory, 
colonies were sent out to Ionia, Italy, Sicily, and other regions (§ 4). 

1. eVei Kai^ then also, and even. Cf. I. 69. § 5. eVt. . . .fieTco- 

/Cicero, teas still moving from place to place and changing abodes. 
Every edition before me, except Dindorf s, has KaTcoKiC^To, instead of 
/lercpKi^ero, wliich Arnold renders, icas settling itself i. e. was not yet 

settled. SxTTC. .. .av^TprjvaL=&(TT€ fiT] rfa-vxacracra koI fifj av^rj- 

S^mt, inasmucli as the negative belongs to the whole clause. Cf. K. 
§ 318. E. 5. Poppo, however, resolves the clause into, axrve firj rjav- 
xdaaaa koI ovTa>s av^rj'irjvai which makes no material difference in the 
sense, since ovrcoi refers to a state of rest, which is denied in firj rja-u- 
Xaaao-a. Not much different from this is the translation of Bloom- 
field : so as to enjoy too little quiet to malce any progress in power. 
Tjcrvxao-acra is put in the nominative (for riavxacraa-av) by attraction 
with rj 'EXXds, the subject of the principal verb. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. 
§ 863. Ohs. 5; Kr. § 55. 2. Ns. 1, 4. Goeller commences the 
apodosis to errel. . . .av^rj'irjvai, with fxaXis re eV ttoXXw ac. r. X., §4 

^^ infra. All the intervening words, both he and Bloomf. enclose in a 
^^X^ parenthesis. 

2. ;^poi'ia yevofxevrj, taJdng place after so long a time. Cf. Odyss. 

\* 17. 112. noXka belongs to €j/eo;f/xa)o-f, made many changes. — — . 

%. oTao-ets-, factions. as eVi ttoXv, for the most part, generally. 

^ a<^' Ziv, 'by which (see N. on otto iroXenov, I. 24. § 4), sc. arda-ecov, and 

not TToXf (ov, which would either be without the preposition or else 

take €K. eKTrinTovTes — €kti^ov. The subject is oi TroXtrai elicited 

from the preceding TrdXeo-i. ras TroXetp. The use of the article 

Poppo (Proleg. I. p. 200) thus gives: ^'-claras urles, quas inde 
novimm extjtisse.^'' See N. on ra Se'/ca er?;, I. 11. § 1. The chiefs 
who are here spoken of as being expelled from their country, were 
Teucer, Philoctetes, Diomedes, Menestheus, Pyrrhus, Idomeneus, etc. 

8. "Apinjs. The Thessalian Arne is here intended. The Boeotian 
Arne which was thus colonized was afterwards called Cheronsea 
^Coroneia^ Leake). apaordi/rep, being expelled. The aorist active 



Oeap. xil] notes. 201 

has here a passive sense. S. § 207. IsT. 3. S)v in dtp* av is plural 

because dTroSacr/Mof, to which it refers, has a collectiTe idea. Miiller 
says, that the writer added this through deference to the authority of 
Homer. But in the catalogue of the ships, the Boeotians are repre- 
sented as possessing the whole of what was afterwards called Boeotia, 
and could not therefore have been a portion only of its inhabitants. 
Grote (Hist, of Greece, U. p. 22) says that Thucydides has not re- 
moved the discrepancy between himself and Homer by this statement, 
but only made it less strikingly obvious. The subject is involved in 
difficulty. Aa)pii]s. . . .eaxov. During their exile from Peloponne- 
sus, the Heraclidae took up their abode in Doris, ^gimius having be- 
queathed to Hyllus his dominions, in gratitude to Hercules for having 
reinstated him in his government which he had lost. It was thus 
that eighty years after the capture of Troy, they planned the recovery 
of their ancient possessions, the traditionary name of which expedi- 
tion is '' tJie return of the descendants of HermilesP Of. Cramer's 
Greece, Vol. H. p. 101 ; Miiller's Dorians, I. p. 50 seq. The invasion 
was successful, and all Peloponnesus, except Arcadia and Achaia, fell 
into their power. Grote (Hist, of Greece, II. p. 18) thinks that Thu- 
cydides or some previous author, computed this epoch of eighty years 
by the generations in the line of Hercules, the first generation after 
Hercules commencing with the siege of Troy, which, reckoning thirty 
years for a generation, would bring the fourth generation to coincide 
with the ninetieth year after that period, or the eightieth year after 
the city was taken. This would agree with the distance in which 
Tlepolemus, Temenus, Oresphontes, and Aristodemus stand removed 
from Hercules. oyborjKoo-rS erei. Repeat fiera 'iXlov aXcoaiv. 

4. fj.6Xis^ scarcely^ not at lengthy as that idea is contained in iv 

TToWa XP'^^V' dviaTafxevT]^ leing unsettled^ migratory. See the 

use of this word in the previous section and in I. 8. § 2. i^eirefxylre. 

I prefer with Haack, Goeller, Poppo, and others, the imperfect 
i^eTreixne, because the writer is here speaking of colonization in gen- 
eral and not of any specific colonies. 'IraXiay, i. e. the southern 

part of Italy, in which were many Grecian colonies, and which was 
called by later writers Magna Graecia. — ^ eariv a x'^p'^^ (—ma 
X'opia). See N. m 1. 65. § 3. 



202 NOTES. [Boox 1 



CHAPTER XIII. 

As Greece increased in power and wealth, tyrannies began to be established, and increasing 
attention was given to maritime affairs (§ 1) ; in which Corinth led the way, triremes 
being said to have been built first there (§ 2) ; and at the same time Aminocles the 
Corinthian constructed four for the Samians (§ 3) ; the earliest sea-fight took place be- 
tween the Corinthians and the Corcyraeans (§ 4) ; Corinth, by its favorable position for 
the land trade between Peloponnesus and the rest of Greece, and also for its maritime 
advantages, after the suppression of piracy, became a double emporium and arose to 
great opulence (§ 5) ; the lonians also, in the times of Cyrus and Cambyses, possessed a 
considerable navy, as did also Polycrates and the Phocaeans (§ 6). 

1. r^v KTTJa-Lv — 7roiov[jL£vr]s, having obtained the possession of. • 



fxaXKov is here employed as an adjective. ra rroWa is to be taken 

adverbially (= eVi to ttoXu), for tJie most part^ tery generally (K. 

§ 279. R. 8), i. e. in most of tlie states. rvpawlbes^ absolute sove^ 

reignties. Reference is bad in this term to the mode, in wbicb ab- 
solute power was obtained, rather than the manner in which it was 
exercised. As opposed to the Jcingship spoken of below, it signified 
power usurped and unlimited, in distinction from that which was 

legitimate, hereditary, and limited by constitutional restrictions. 

eni prjTols yepao-i, with defined j^rerogatives^ i. e. such as had been 
long established by usage and common consent, iirl here denotes 

condition^ K. § 296. 11. 3. b. narpLKai, ancestral^ hereditary, 

Goeller thinks that Trarpi/cai /Sao-iXeiat does not signify, dominion re- 
ceived from one's father^ but rather to naTpiKov et t6 kuto. v6p.ov ehai 
naTpiop, and that the word naTpiKoi is used, because it includes the 
signification of paterni et patrum ex institutis administrati regiminis. 

But his reasoning in support of this is by no means satisfactory. 

vavTiKo. re i^rjpTveTo^ began to ft out for himself navies. avTe'f 

XovTo (sc. ot '''EX\r]V€s from 17 'EXXas in the previous clause), began t^ 
apply themselves. So Betant in hoc loco. 

2. Tpoirov depends on iyyvTara. S. § 19o. 1. pcTaxcipta-ai, to 

change in the structure. A Schol. says that the alteration consisted 
in converting vessels of fifty oars into trireihes. Thucydides uses 
fxeraxftpiVat here in the sense of the middle /xeraxf tpiVao-Sai. A sim- 
ilar usage may be found in SovXovi/, I. 16. § 1 ; III. 37. § 4, and /cara- 

Xuo-ai, III. 46. §1. ra Trepi tus vavs=the structure of ships; 

literally, th^se things pertaining to ships. K. § 295. III. 8. ttjs 

'EXXaSos- is added, says Poppo, because triremes had before this been 
In use among the Phoenicians. 

3. 2a/xiois, for the Samians., depends on Troi^o-ar. For the con 



Chap. XHL] NOTES. 203. 

stniction of ^orrai — noirjaas, see IST. on I. 2. § 1. /xaXtora, about, 

in round nunibers. Goeller prefers the sense oi ferme instead of cir~ 

citer. Tov noXeiJLov, i. e. the Peloponnesian war. This shows that 

Thucydides wrote the preface of his work, at least, after the war had 
terminated. 

4. ojv = eK€iv(ov a?, of which equivalent, the antecedent depends 

on TrakaiTaTT], and the relative is governed hy la-fiev. Kopij/Si'coK 

Trpos KepKvpaiovs. Between the Corinthians and Corcyraeans there 
existed the most inveterate enmity, although the latter people were a 
colony of the former. The expedition here referred to was the one 
conducted by Periander to avenge the death of his son Lycophron, 
whom he had driven from his home and banished to Corcyra, but 
afterwards recalled in his old age, and whom through fear of Perian- 
ler, who was to take the place of his son, the Corcyraeans murdered. 

Cf. Ilerodot. III. 50-53. ravrr] (sc. fidxri), from the time of that 

battle. For this use of the dative, cf. Mt. § 388. c. V^^XP^ ''ou avrov 

Xpovov^ i. e. the ciose of tli PeJoponnesian war. 

5. yap, now. See jST. cjl I. 4. §1. del is strengthened by drj 

TTOTc = always at all times: —— innopiov^ a "place of traffic^ a com- 
mercial town. This name was generally applied to maritime places, 

where articles of merchandise were imported and exported. 'EX- 

Xr)va)v is in the genitive absolute with enipia-yovToiv. to TrdXat, in 

olden time. to, TrXeio), more. Std. .... ivLfiiarjoprcov^ having 

intercourse with one another through their territory. tois Trakaiois 

7Toir]raLs. Keference is had to Homer, who says (II. 2. 570) : 

Ot de yivKrivas el^ou ivKTifievov ivoku'iipov, 

*A(f)V€i6v T€ Kopiv'^ov.. 

fjidWov €Tr\d)L^ov, began to attend more to navigation ; literally, 

began to sail more. inXaL^ov is a poetic word. Ka?i^povv. I con- 
cur with Poppo, Goeller, and others, in referring this verb to the Corin- 
thians, inasmuch as rds vavs evidently means, the ships just mentioned 
(i. e. the Corinthian ships), and the following context shows a change 
of subject. Poppo notes a similar variation of the subject in II. 3. §4 
III. 16 (init.); 52 (init.). Such abrupt changes are not wonderful in 
a writer like Thucydides, who makes every thing subordinate to 

brevity. a/i(^orepa, both ways^ i. e. Corinth became an emporium 

for traffic by sea as well as by land (K. § 279. R. 10 ; Butt. § 115. 5). 
It is remarked by critics that diK^orepa may be taken in three senses, 
1, by sea and by land ; 2, to the Greeks both within and without the 
isthmus ; 3, to the two ports of Corinth, viz. Cenchrea and Lechssum. 
The first is the only interpretation which has claims to be considered 
as the true one. xPW'^''^^'^ depends on Tvpoaoba. 



204 NOTES. ' [Book 1 

6. "loicnv limits yiyveTai, of which vuvtikov \iiavy) is the subject. 

iiri Kvpov, in the time of Cyrus. K. § 296. II. 2. ttjs — /caS' eavrovs 

^aXd(T<Tr]s^ their own sea ; literally, the sea over against them. Foi the 

construction of "^q^da-crrji in dependence on eKpd-njo-av^ cf. S. § 189. 

Kvpco TToXeixovvres. Cf. Herodot. 1. 161 et secj: The participle here de- 
notes time, while they were carrying on war. K. § 312. 4. a ; S. § 225. 

2. IloXvKpdTTjs. See Herodot. III. 39, 120. eVi Kafx^vaov. 

See N. on enl Kvpov supra. 'Frjveiav^ Bhenea^ one of the Cjclades 

(see N. on I. 4. § 1) so near to Delos, that Poljcrates is said (III. 104. 

I 2) to have connected them with a chain. dveJi-qKe {consecrated) 

.... ArjXla. The way in which this was done is mentioned in III. 

104. § 2, and Herodot. III. 34, 122. Maaa-oKiav oIkl^ovt€s. Arnold 

remarks that this is not to he understood as referring to the sea-fight 
mentioned by Herodot. I. 166. He understands Massalia as being set- 
tled by a colony, sent out fifty-five years earlier than the flight of the 
main body from the arms of Cyrus, and therefore founded long before 
the subjugation of the parent state to the Persians. If this be true, 
the sea-fight here referred to must have been fought with the Cartha- 
ginians, some time previous to the one spoken of by Herodotus. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

'dany generations after the Trojan war, the Greeks possessed but foiir triremes, the most 
common ships being fifty-oared vessels and long barks (§ 1) ; and it was only just before 
the Persian war that the tyrants of Sicily and the Corcyraeans possessed any considerable 
number of triremes (§ 2) ; the jEginetae and the Athenians had but few ships, and those 
mostly of an inferior class, until Themistocles incited the latter people to the construction 
of better ones, although, even then, Jtbt decked throughout (§ 8). 

1. Poppo and Haack disconnect this chapter from the preceding 
one, by placing a period instead of a colon after vavp-axovvres. Bloomf. 

closes the preceding chapter with the words vuvtikcov tjv. ydp, 

then., n/yu)., an inchoative use of this connective, which is so frequent, 

that, unless in special cases, it requires no further notice. raCra, 

i. e. the navies juet mentions 1. yeveais is the dative of time when, 

A generation was reckoned at thirty years (see N. on 1. 12. § 3). 

yivvpfva., although leing. See N. on I. 7. § 1. xP^i^^^°- depends 

on (paiperai. See N. on I. 2. § 1.  TTevTTjKovTopois. These fifty 
oared ships were of that class called pov^pes, because the rowers sat in 
one rank, twenty-five od each side. These ships were first introduced 



Chap. X^'.J NOTES. 205 

by the Phocsoans. Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Antiq. p. 877. 
' S' '4tl^ hit still e^TjpTvuem, provided witli^ or perhaps con- 
sisted of would be a signification more appropriate in this passage. 
Sxrncp iK€7va iSC. rcov TpmKav)^ as those in the Trojan war. 

2i. oklyov re (sc. fxouov)^ and only a short time. rcov MT]8iKa>v 

refers to the first invasion of Greece by Darius. {jLerd., after. 

irepi T€ SiKeXtai/, around Sicily (K. § 295. III. 1. b), i. e. on the Sicil- 
ian coasts. If however nepl 2i/<eXiai' = StKeXiKoTr, the order should 

be: rotff Tvpdvvois irepl ^iKeXlav. is TrXJ^Soy, in a considerable 

nwrriber. K. § 290. 2. 1. b. The context demands the subaudition 

of povov after o^idXoya, in the sense of the only navies worthy of note. 

3. et TLves liWoiy sc. vavriKo. eKeKTrjvro. A shade of doubt is com- 
municated by ft to the clause : such others (if there were any) as had 

na/vies. For this species of brachylogy, cf K. § 346. 4. ^pux^a 

{=p,iKpd.- Of I. 74. § 3 ; 117. § 3 ; 140. § 1), inconsideralle^ small as 
to numbers, although there may be a reference also to magnitude. 

Ilaack supplies TrXoia, but vavrix^- is to be preferred. oy\fi re, so. 

^v. Kriig. whom Poppo follows, supplies eKeKrqvro. But this is less 
apposite and natural than the common rendering : and it was not till 

late that Themistocles^ etc. a^' ol = iirel^ which is found in one 

MS. Tcw ^ap^dpou is put for tS>v ^ap^dpav., as in Latin Eomanus 

is put for Romani. Keference is had to the second Persian invasion, 
which had been threatening Greece ever since the battle at Marathon 

and did not therefore come unexpectedly. bid nda-Tjs (sc. j/ecoy), 

throughout the ship. Poppo understands did Trdo-rjs to mean, in every 
sJiip^ i. e. nondum omnes tectas fuisse. Some reject as harsh the 
ellipsis of i/ecos, and take did ndarjs in the adverbial sense omnijio, as 
Sia K€vrjs (Athen. 442. a), frustra^ and otto r^? i'o-jyy, I. 15. § 3. But 
see N. on that passage. 



CHAPTER XV. 

The states which gave their attention to the formation of a navy, greatly increased their 
power (§ 1) ; for no wars by land, except border hostilities, were yet carried on, nor 
were any distant enterprises undertaken (§ 2) ; combinations of smaller with greater 
cities were not formed for common expeditions, except in the war between the Chalci- 
deans and Eretrians, when the rest of the states separated into parties on the one or the 
other side (§ 8). 

1. 8c — opas, however. ovk eXaxLo-rrjv = very great. A litotes. 

See N. on I. 8. § 1. ol Trpoaxovres avrols (sc. to7s vavrtKois), those 

paying attention to their navies, \. e. making it an object to form and 



206 NOTES. [Book J. 

establish a navy. Trpoo-oSw and apxij are datives of meam. 

Kal fiaXi(rra ocroi (= iKelvoi ocroi) [irj diapKr] eixov x^apav^ and espe- 
cially as many as had a territory inefficient for their sustenance. 
Bloomf. refers this especially to the Athenians. It was also true of 
tlie Corinthians. 

2. o3t-i/, toTience^ refers to Tro'Xe/ioy. /cat in rh koI appears to 

us to be pleonastic, but the Attics employ it frequently after tip, to 

nonnect the thought more closely. Trape-yei/ero, accrued (= migJit 

accrue). This use of the moods in adverbial sentences of place (K. 
§ 336), is the same as in adjective sentences (K. § 333), the indicative 
being used when the attributive qualification is to be represented as 

actual or real. iravres. . . .eKaarois. The order is : ivavrcs he (sc. 

7roXf/ioi) oaoL Koi (even) iyivovro rjcrav iKacrTOis Trpos Sp-opovs (border- 
ers) Tovs a(f)eTepovs. (TTpare'ias — i^^ea-av. K. § 278. 1. ttoXu 

OTTO rris iavTcov is bracketed by Poppo and Goeller, on the ground 
that the idea contained in iK8r)povs is repeated. But, as Bloomf. well 
observes, eKbrjpovs merely signifies, abroad^ foreign^ without defining 
the distance, and hence the clause in question is by no means superflu- 
ous. Of. II. 10. § 1. eV uXKcov Karao-TpocPf}^ for the subjugation 

of others. 

3. ov yap ^vpeaTTjKcaav — ttoXcis virrjKooi. The Schol. says, that 
the lesser cities did not associate in war with the larger cities, as sub- 
ject to them, ov yap vnrjKooi. Hence Poppo makes vtttjkooi = as 

vnrjKooi^ and with it supplies oi "EXKr/ves instead of Tro'Xets. au, on 

the other hand. Bothe reads av. avrol does not refer to vTv-qKooi, 

but to all the Greeks, especially to those implied in peyiarrai iroXeis. 

dno T^s la-T)s (sc. p.oipas\ on equal terms, i. e. the expenses 

being justly apportioned. The Schol. supplies crwreXelas. But of. 

III. 40. § 6. iiroiovvTo, " solebant suscipere.'''' las eKaa-roi oi 

d<TTvyelTov€s^ as they severally happened to border on each other. The 
general idea is, that neighboring states went to war witli one another, 
but no general combination was formed against any distant enemy. 

pakicrra .... dcearr], especially in the war which anciently occurreoL 

between the Chalcideans and Eretrians (it was that), the rest of the 
GreeTcs ranged themselves on different sides^ and thus were engaged in 
general hostilities. Ka\ has here the force of also^ likewise. The sen- 
tence is exceedingly compressed, but its general sense cannot well be 
mistaken. 



Chap XYH.] NOTES. 207 



CHAPTER XVI. 

Various obstacles were in the way of tlie prosperity of the other states, and especially 
were the lonians weakened by the Persian power under Cyrus, as were their islands at 
a subsequent period by Darius (§ 1). 

1. aXXoSJi, from other quarters, in other ways. [xr] av^rj'^Tjvai, 

i. e. Tov jxT) av^rj^rjuai. Cf. K. § 308. 2. b. KaAvfiara contains a nega- 
tive idea and is therefore followed by fxr] with the infinitive. See N. 

on I. 10. § 1 (end). Kai, especially, serves here to introduce a 

particular instance of the obstacles to their advancement. Bloom- 
field makes "Iwo-t to depend on eVeyeVero imderstood, the subject of 
which is Kvpos koL 77 nepaiKrj ^acnXeia (a hendiadys), and in order to 
furnish a subject to enearpaTevae, he supplies 17 referring to /3ao-tXeia. 
But why not with the Schol. construct ''icocri after eTreo-rpdreva-e, and 
make Kvpos and ^aaCKeia the subject of the verb? This expedition 
of the Persians, of course would be a KoaXvp-a to the lonians, and it is 
unnecessary, therefore, that this idea should be formally repeated by 

supplying irveyiveTo KoAvpa. 7rpoxo}pr]cra.vTcov ini peya rav npa- 

ypdrav is referred by the Schol. to the Persians, but is evidently to bo 

taken with "icoai. "aTwos. The river Halys separated Lydia from 

the Persian dominions. The ancient Greeks designated what was 
called subsequently Asia Minor, by rj 7rapa?Sa\d(r(nos, or rj ivros Tav- 

pov, or rj ivTos "AXvos. TrdXets, i. e. the Ionian cities. idov- 

Xaare. See N. on I. 13. § 2. Aapelos. Eepeat idovXaxre. tw 

vavTiKa is the instrumental dative. K. § COS. The reduction of tho 
Ionian states took place on their revolt, at which time (a. 0. 498) 
Miletus was destroyed. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

ITie tyrants, with the exception of those in Sicily, looking only to their own interests and 
security, did nothing memorable (§ 1) ; so that Greece, impeded on every hand, for a 
long time made little advancement (§ 2). 

1. rvpavvoi belongs to oaoi (i. e. oa-oi TvpavvoC), and is therefore 
without the article, the whole proposition forming the subject of 
uKovv. TO.-,. .7rpoopd)pevoi, providing only for their own interests. 



208 NOTES. fBooKL 

Kiiliner (Jelf 's edit. § 633. 3. e) explains t6 e<^* iavrav, something de- 
fending on themselves^ i. e. having no reference to any body else. Of. 

TO eavTov fxovov (tkottcov^ VI. 12. § 2. is to awfia =■ " as it re^ 

garded their personal security and gratification y Bloomf. Notice 
this use of o-aj/xa in the sense of person. The fact here spoken of is 
illustrated by a reference to Periander, who is said to have had a 

body-guard of three hundred m€n. St' aor^aXeias oaov ibvvavro^ 

as safely as possible^ i. e. with as much safety to themselves as possi- 
ble, hia with its case is here taken adverbially. yioKia-Ta 

(= cLKpi^uis. SchoL) belongs to ocrov ibvvavro. wkovv (= buoKovv)^ 

managed^ guided the affairs of. The cautious and timid policy here 
spoken of, had reference to foreign wars, as is seen from the context. 

ail avrav. " There is a mixed meaning in the word utto, partly 

expressive of derivation and partly of agency : nothing great pro- 
ceeded froj7i them ; nothing great was done dy them." Arnold. Of. 

Mt. § 573 ; K. § 288. 1. 3. c. el [xfj e'l ri^ except sometUng. We 

are not to understand t\ as referring to any memorable deed, but as 
simply signifying any deed whatever. " "When d fif] has the meaning 
except^ another ei is sometimes joined, like nisi 5^, while the predi- 
cate of ei ft^ is omitted. K. § 340. 5. eKaarois is to be con- 
structed with inpax'^r] (mentally supplied from the preceding sen- 
tence), there being a sort of apposition between it and an-' avrcov. 

yap in oi yap implies an ellipsis : I refer especially to the 

tyrants of Greece, for those in Sicily^ etc. " Tyrannorum Siculorum 

magna potentia inertiai Gr^corum opponitur." Bothe. eVt 

TrXela-Tov — Sum/if cos, to a very great height of poicer. The scope of 
the argument shows that the power here spoken ofj'ref erred to the 
ability of the tyrants of Sicily to carry on distant wars. 

2. Kareix^To, was held in^ impeded, kolvtj^ in common^ ly joint 

undej'taJdng. /carepya^eo-Sai = toore KaT€pyd^€a-?iai. Poppo makes 

re in nokets re respond to /xjjre going before. The clause Kara,... 
€ivai may be rendered: and ly single cities it was still less adven- 
turous. 



CHAy XVIIL] NOTES. 209 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

Soon after the tyrants liai been expelled by the Lacedaemonians, who, enjoyi.ig good 
laws from the most ancient times, had not been subject to these usurpers, the Persian* 
invaded Greece and engaged with the Athenians at Marathon (§ 1) ; on their second 
Invasion the Greeks combined for defence, the Lacedtemonians being at the head, and 
the Athenians doing all in their poAver by sea for the common safety; but soon after 
the close of the war the confederation was dissolved, and parties were formed under 
Athens and Lacedsemon as the leading states (§ 2) ; from that time to the present war, 
they were continually engaged in making truces or in carrying on hostilities, and thua 
acquired no small skill in warlike affairs (§ 8). 

1. oi T€ 'A^Tjvaicov rvpavvoL. Reference is had to Hippias and Hip- 
parchus, who succeeded their father Pisistratus in the government of 

Athens. oi ck ttjs aXXrjs 'EXkddos is put for ev rf} aXkr} 'EXXaSt, 

the preposition being attracted by KareKv^irja-av, which denotes the 

direction whence^ cf. K. 300. 4. See N. on I. 112. § 4. cVl iroXt 

KOI Tvplv Tvpavvev?i€iar]s. Haack, whom Arnold cites approvingly, 
interprets this clause: ^'"magnam partem ante^ quam Athenienses^ sub- 
actce a tyrannis''' = a great part of Ch'eece had heen subject to tyrants 
"before Athens was. I concur, hoTv^er, with Bloomf,, who translates 
it indefinitely : generally and exen of old under tyrannical govern- 
ment. ol TrkeiaToi .... KareXv^rjaav^ the greater part had been put 

down^ the last^ except those in Sicily., by the Lacedcemonians. Cf. I. 

] 22. § 8. TekevToioL is to be connected with vivo AaKedatixovlcov. 

T) yap AaKedaifjicov begins a parenthesis which closes with noXeat 
KaHiiaTaa-av., the design of which parenthesis being to show, why La- 
cedoamon took so prominent a part in expelling the tyrants from the 
other Grecian states, viz. because it had enjoyed so long a well-regu- 
lated government and had been free from tyrants {arvpavvevTos). The 
second yap introduces a parenthesis within this parenthesis, the ob- 
ject of which is to expand and illustrate the idea contained in tho 
preceding words ae\ drvpawevTos. By keeping in view these divisions 
of this long and apparently confused sentence, the student will have 
far less difficulty in explaining the words and clauses of which it is 

composed. ixera ttjv ktio-lp to)v — Acopucov, after its occupancy by 

the Dorians. The Heraclido9 did not found Lacedaemon, but took 
possession of it when it had been long founded. Hence ktIo-iv here 
and KTiCovres in V^ 16. § 3, are to be taken in a modified sense of 
founding anew., inasmuch as Sparta had comparatively little impor- 
tance before the Doric invasion. Cf. Miill. Dor. I. p. 102. In respect 
to the order of the clauses in this connection, eVi .... orao-mcrao-a is 
to be constructed immediately after rj yap AaKedai/xwi', and /tera. ... 



210 NOTES. [Book 1 

Aajpucov may be rendered after o/xooy. fVl. . . . a-Taa-idaaa-cu, Tuning 

been distracted Ijy factions the longest of any we Icnow of hv (= €/c«i 
vav a). Some refer this relative to TrdXecoj/, but Poppo would supply 
Xpovav^ which on the whole I prefer, reference being had to the 
various times during which the other states were harassed. The 
period in the Lacedaemonian history referred to in this place, is the 

one preceding the return of the Herachdae. e'/c TraXairai-oi;, for a 

'oery long time. Lycurgus gave laws to Sparta, according to Aristotle, 
about A. 0. 884, and upwards of four hundred years before the Pelo- 
ponnesian war. Xenophon (Rep. Lac. X. 8) places the Spartan law- 
giver more than two hundred years earlier, that is, at the time of the 
Heracleids (Cf. Smith's Diet, Gr. and Rom. Biog. and Mythol. Vol. II. 
p. 850). Grote (Hist. Greece, 11. p. 454) thinks that Lycurgus intro- 
duced his discipline and constitution about a. o. 830-820. Mr. Clin- 
ton (Fasti Hellen. III. p. 141), with his eye on this passage of Thu- 
cydides, fixes the legislation of Lycurgus at about a. c. 817, and his 
regency at a. c. 852. The chronology is very confused and diverse, 
from the uncertainty which rests over the time when Lycurgus flour- 
ished. oXi'yo) TrXft'ci), someiclmt more. tov irokiyLov., i. e. the 

Peloponnesian war. Bloomf. Mys that a<^' ov is put for d0' ov 

Xpovov and St' ov, etc. TroXtreia, i. e. the oligarchy, the council 

of elders established by Lycurgus. 5t' avro, i. e. by continuing 

in the same polity. bwajxevoL =■ dvvaTo\ ovt€s. to. Ka'^laraa-av. 

The Lacedajmonians arranged the affairs of other states after their 
own model, abolishing both tyrannies and democracies, to. refers to 

political institutions, modes of government, etc. ix^ra de ttjv 

resumes the subject, which had been interrupted by the parenthesis 
beginning at r] yap AaKedaifxcov, but it will be seen that, in the 
resumption, the words are somewhat changed : iireibr) de ol rvpawoi 
KareXv^irjcrav — /zera de Tqv rav rvpdvvcov KaraXvcriv. When Se is found 
in the first clause, it is usually repeated in the resumptive clause (cf. 

Cyrop. II. 3. § 19), which here embraces the apodosis. tj fxdxq —  

eyevcTo. Cf. jST. on I. 11. § 1. rrpos, against. K. § 298. III. 1. b. 

2. beicdrcp be erei. This refers to the commencement of the expe- 
dition of Xerxes, and not to the battle of Salamis, which is shown by 
Scaliger, whose opinion Duker supports, to have been fought eleven 
years after the battle of Marathon. Poppo, Goeller, Haack, and 
Bloomfield adopt the same view. Petav. on the oth^r hand (of whom 
Poppo remarks : recentiores tamen magno consensu Petavium sequun- 
tur) says: Marathonia pugna commissa est decimo anno ante Sala- 
miniam auctore Thucydide. But eVi ttjv 'EXXafia ^XSe harmonizes 
better with the former view, since it refers rather to the going upou 



Chap. XVm.] NOTES. 211 

an expedition than fighting a battle. dovXaaofxevos denotes tha 

purpose of ^X2Je, S. § 225. 5. ^vnTroXefuja-avTau. " Aoristi particii- 

um offensioni est, quum scriptor non qui communiter dellum gesserant^ 
sed qui — gerebant vel gesturi erant dicere velit." Poppo. Goeller 
thinks that the Aorist was employed, because the Greeks had already 
united in tlie first Persian war. avaa-Kcvaa-ainvoi^ collecting to- 
gether their movealles. " Colligere vasa^ Betant. In Liddell and 
Scott's Lex. this passage is cited under the definition, to dismantle 
one's house, city, etc. This meaning is unsuitable to the passage. 

is TCLS vavs belongs to ifi^avres. 8ieKpi^r)(rav Trpbs = diaKpl^evTes 

exoipovv irpos. This species of constructio praegnans, by which a verb 
of rest is followed by a preposition of motion, is quite common. Of. 

K. § 300. 3. b; S. § 235. ol ^vixTroXefirjo-avTes. It is singular that 

MiiUer should supply avrS (i. e. r<u /Sao-iXa), since the use of rajy 
^vjXTToXeiJLrjo-dvTaiv supra, shows that it is here to be referred to those 
who united against the king. Two classes of Greeks are here spoken 
of, viz. those who had revolted from the king, and those who from 

the beginning had united to oppose him. ravra. See IST. on I. 9. 

§ 3. 01 jxev refers to the Lacedaemonians, ol de to the Athenians. 

3. Tj 6/xaixfia, the defensive alliance^ confederacy against the Per- 
sians. It was not until the destruction of the Persian fleet on the 
Eurymedon, by Cimon, that the Persian war was terminated. Until 
that time the alliance, to which the invasion of Xerxes had given 

birth, remained unbroken. 'EXXiji/wi/ limits nvis. ei rives ttov 

dtaaraUv^ whoever any where were at variance = when differences arose 

among any of them. es roi/bc del k. t. X. The order is : es rovde 

TOP TToXe/ioJ' del ra fxeu anevbofxevoi ra Se TroXefiovvres (sometimes mahing 

treaties and sometimes fighting). dWrjkois depends on iroXefiovv- 

res. S. § 202. 1. to. TroXe/xta, in whatever pertains to war. 

fxeTo.. . . .TToiovfievqi^ inasmuch a^ their practice was in ths midst of 
dangers^ i. e. (as Arnold observes) " their field of exercise was not tha 
■***'ade, but the field of battle.'' fieXeras 7roiovjj.evoi = /ifXcrivrcp. 



212 NOTES. rB:>OKl 



CHAPTER XIX. 

Ttie LacedaemoniaTis levied no tribute from their allies, but took care by conciliatory 
measures to establish oligarchical forms of government among them ; the Athenians, on 
the contrarj', deprived their allies of their ships and made them tributaries, by which 
means they became highly prepared for war (§ 1). 

1. Here begins an account of the respective policy of the two lead- 
ing states of Greece, which is given more at length in the process of 

the history. ovx • • • • rj-yoiivro is opposed to XPW^"^^ • • • • <p^p(iv^ 

which is said below of the Athenians. vnoTeXels — cpSpov^ subject 

to pay taxes ; literally, payers of tribute. tovs ^vfifxaxovs depends 

on €xovT€s (iy possessing. See N. on I. 9. § 1), and not on rjyovvro as 
the Scholiast directs, which verb in the signification to rule., govern., is. 

followed by the genitive. K. § 275. K. 1. Kar okiyapxlav k. r. X. 

The order is : tepaivevovres (sc. ^vfifidxovs) fxovov oncos TroXtreutrcowtj 
eVm/Sei'coy (T(jii(nv avTois (i. e, the Lacedasmonians) Kar oXiyapx^av. 
Arnold cites I. 76, 144, as illustrative of this passage. Bekker and 
Arnold from a single MS. edit. noXiTevaovai. But notwithstanding 
the usage of Thucydides (7rp6 ofifxaTcov Troteij/), the MS. authority is 

too feeble to admit this reading as genuine. ^iepanevovres has the 

same construction as exovres., to which it is opposed. 'AST^vatoi, 

sc. ^yovvTo from the preceding context. The vulgar edition has ^pxov 
after Trapdka^ovres. But although this might express more specifically 
the idea of ruling as opposed to ^yovrro, which, in reference to the 
Lacedaemonians, does not so much imply the exercise of dominion, as 
the leading or general oversight of states otherwise represented as free, 
yet I find that modern critics with great unanimity have rejected the 
word as spurious. The context will give to fjyovvro the shade of sig- 
nification, required by its reference to the Athenians. r&J xP^^^i 

'■''sensim paullatim.^^ Haack. n\f}v Xlatv koI Aea^icov. In pro-' 

cess of time the Lesbians became subject to the Athenians. is 

ToVSe TOP TToXefiov refers to the Peloponnesian war. fxei^oiv in re- 
spect to revenue. wj, when. So the Latins use ut for quando. 

TO. KpaTtcrra — fjv^r^a-av., tliey had teen most flourishing (K. § 278. 

R. 1). Reference is had to the period a little before the expiration of 
the thirty years' treaty, when the Athenians not only had subjected 
the islands of the Greek colonies of Asia Minor, but had united to 
their confederacy Phocis, Argos, Boeotia, and Achaia. Cf. 1. 102 105 ; 

108, 111, 115. T^s ^vfipLaxias against foreign invasion. See N. on 

tj op-aixp-'f-o-i !• 18. § 3. 



Chap. XX.j . NOTES. 213 



CHAPTERS XX.— XXIII. 

These chapters contain the third division of the preface, the subject ol 
■which is the nature of Grecian history, together with some preliminary 
remari^s on the work now in hand. This portion of the preface should be 
read with great care and attention, as in it the historian unfolds the plan 
of his work, the principles which regulated its composition, and gives the 
ground of his claim to accuracy and impartiality. The easy and natural 
transition which it forms to the main history, the clear and magnificent 
view wliicli it gives of the subject, and its adaptation to win for the writer 
the sympathy and confidence of his reader, render it one of the most 
finished specimens of the kind to be found in any language. 



CHAPTER XX. 

Sucli Avas tlie state of affairs in Greece, altlioug]), i>erhaps, it will be hard to be credited, 
from the proneness of men to catch at Hying reports of past events without due examina- 
tion (§ 1) ; thus the Athenians in general believe that Ilipparchus was slain by IIarmodiu3 
and Aristogiton, because he was the tyrant, whereas Ilippias, who by right of primogeni- 
ture held the government, was the object of their conspiracy, and Ilipparchus was slain 
as the result of a disarrangement in their plan (§ 2) ; thus also the opinion of the rest of 
Greece, in respect to the suffrage of the Lacedaemonian kings and the existence of tho 
Pitanatan band, is incorrect (§ 3). 

1. ra /leV ovv. Tlie corresponding particle to jxev is 5e in the be- 
ginning of tho next chapter, all between being properly a parenthesis. 

XaXena. . . .TTio-revo-aL is difficult of interpretation on account of 

its great brevity. Bloomf. with Bauer makes Tna-reiJo-ai = Trio-reuSi^mt 
and translates : however hardly it may Jind credit^ even ichen estah- 
lished 'by a regular chain of proofs. iravTaX reK/iT/pio), every argument 
necessary to proof " Omni (i. e. omnis temporis) testimonio ex ordine 
conjirmata.'''' Bothe. Goeller by a sort of grammatical attraction 
makes the passage = roiavra evpov^ (oare nav e^rjs TeKurjpLop ovtcov 
xdXenov elvat Tria-Tevarai^ and remarks : " non solum Travrl reKfirjpiiM 
dixit, sed TjavTi e^^s TeKfirjpia, quia in tanta vetustatis obscuritate non 
simplex argumentum sufficit, sed modo aliam rem ex alia colligendo et 
-ongiorem demum post conclusionem ad sententiam probabilem perve- 
niri potest." Of tliis explanation Poppo remarks : " hunc sensum noa 



214 NOTES. [Book I 

e verbis elicimus." These interpretations agree in the main point, viz., 
that iravTi i^qs TeKixrjplco signifies, established on the most thorough and 
protracted investigation. I am less pleased with Arnold's interpreta- 
tion: being hard for believing every alignment one after another ; i. e. 
the general statement might not be questioned, but each particular 
argument which he has used, might not equally obtain credit. The 
word TCKixriptov^ I apprehend, cannot be made to refer to particular 
facts or arguments, and the ground which Arnold gives for this render- 
ing, viz., that the parenthesis contains the reason why the specific de- 
tails of the narration may lie open to suspicion, applies equally as well 
to the interpretation of Blooraf., or Goeller. The facts of the history 
may have been based on the most incontrovertible evidence, and yet 
those who remember how readily reports of past actions are caught 
up and circulated, may be disposed after all to doubt whether the true 
picture of affairs in times so remote is given. Such I believe to be the 

sense of this much disputed passage. yap introduces the reason foi 

what has just been stated. koL fjv, even if. ofxoioos =just as 

if t^^y '^^^'^ events in the history of another country, ofioicos is often 

used elliptically. d^acravicrTcos, without question, '■'• sine disquisi- 

tione.''^ Betant. 

2. TO ttXtjSos — o'lovrai. The verb is put in the plural, because 
reference is had to the individuals implied in the subject (K. § 241. 1). 

Tvpavvov oVra, as being the tyrant. The participle here denotes 

an assumed cause. Of. K. § 312. 6 ; S. § 225. 4. See also N. on I. 9. 
§ 4. It was in respect to the supposition of his being the tyrant, tliat 

Thucydides says the Athenians were mistaken. npeo-^vTaros &v 

rjpx^ K. r. X. The order is : Trpecr^vraTos lov tcov UcKna-rpaTov vltoov 

rjpx^ (sc. tS)v \\'^r]vaLcov). "imrapxcs avTov is parenthetic and 

does not depend on the preceding on. eKeivr] rrj r]p.epa fixed upon 

to slay Hippias. Km irapaxpw^i ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ '^^^^V i^'^^^i i« e. just as 

they were about to perpetrate the deed. w? TrpoeiSdros,-, as f-om 

one forewarned and therefore prepared. Bloomf. cites the proverb : 
'"'■ forewarned, forearmed.'''' dpdaavres n koX Kivbweva-ai, to en- 
counter (= meet death) after having done something worthy of note; 
or, to even {<a.\) encounter death, provided they could (first) do some- 
tiling worth dying for. I prefer the former interpretation. The parti- 
ciple denotes time. See 1«I. on 1. 18. § 6. to Acaxopiov, the Leoco- 

rium, or monument of the daughters of Leos, stood in the midst of the 
Cerameicus within the walls, and was one of the most renowned of 

the ancient monuments of Athens. Cf. Leake's Athens, I. p. 1G2. 

Tr]v Uava'irjva'iKfjv. Cf. Smith's Diet. Greek and Rom. Antiq. p. 704. 
This story of the Pisistratida), introduced again with much enlarge- 



Chap. XX.] NOTES. 215 

ment and for no very obvious reason in YI. 54-59, as well as the 
declaration of his personal knowledge of the family (YI. 55. § ) , has 
induced some (after the Schol. on I. 20) to think that Thucydides was 

connected to them by relationship. But this is mere conjecture. 

a.7T€KTeivav^ SC. tovtov. 

3. ov XP'^^V a.fivr)(TTov[jLeva^ not obliterated from the memory dy time^ 

the memory ofichich is not lost by length of time. oi SWoi "EWt]- 

j/es-, i. e. other than the Athenians. Of course the Lacedasmonians are 
also to be excepted, since they would certainly be acquainted with the 

things here mentioned. firj fxia ■yp-rjcpa bvolv. It is thought by 

some that Herodotus is hinted at, who speaks (YI. 57) of the two 
votes of each king. Miiller (Dorians, II. p. 105. N. a) thinks that 
Thucydides refers to Hellenicus rather than Herodotus, whose work 
he could scarcely have read. But although reference may have been 
had to Hellenicus and other early writers, whom Herodotus perhaps 
carelessly followed, yet I can scarcely be persuaded that the history 
of Herodotus was unknown to Thucydides. The story first related 
by Lucian and repeated by many others, that Herodotus read his work 
to the assembled, Greeks at Olympia, and that the young Thucydides 
was present at the recitation and moved to tears, is undoubtedly a 
mere invention, as Dahlmann has most ably and conclusively shown. 
Yet that is no proof that Thucydides was a stranger to the writings of 
Herodotus, when he composed the history of the Peloponnesian war. 
In respect to the grammatical structure of ■^T]<p(a Trpoarbea^ai, there 
is no difficulty, if we give to the verb the signification, to assent to, to 

accede to one'^s opinion {^rj^co) with a vote; i. e. to give a vote. 

HiTavdTTjv Xoxov. Here*again it is thought by some that a blow is 
aimed at Herodotus (IX. 53 ; III. 55). It is said that Caracalla in 
imitation of antiquity composed a Xoxos TLiTavdrrjs of Spartans. So 
the Tarentines, in order to retain the local names of their mother city, 
had a division of their army which was called Pitanates ; also upon a 
coin of Tarentum the TrepiVoXoi UtTavaTOL are mentioned. All this 
seems to favor the truth of the statement of Herodotus. Of. Miill. 
Dorians, II. p. 49. IST. t. Schweig. ad Herodot. 1. c. conciliates the 
statement of these two great historians, by supposing that there was 
fluch a band commanded by Amompharetus in the battle at Plataja, 
which not being perpetual, ceased to exist in the time of Thucydides. 

ra irotiia ("ea, qucB in promptu sunt^ Poppo), i. e. those things 

which can be learnt from hearsay without the labor of investigation. 



216 NOTES [Book! 



CHAPTEE XXI. 

Although it is to be feared that these accounts will be approved by few readers (cf. 1. 20. § 1), 
yet the historian avers, that they will not err who place greater confidence in him than 
in the poets and logographers, who shape their narratives so as to be pleasing to the ear 
rather than agreeable to the truth (§ 1) ; and though men fancy ancient wars to be tho 
greatest, yet to those who judge from the facts, this war will appear greater than any 
preceding one (§ 2). 

1. €K Se rav elprjfjLevav resumes the subject from to. [xev ovv at the 
beginning of the previous chapter. This is clearly indicated among 
other things by o/xco?, which implies el koL to. naXaia xoXcTra eari 

maTevcrai. roiavra .... dfiaprdvoi^ no one tcould err in the l)elief 

(vofiL^cov^ in tJiiuTcing. See N. on I. 9. § 1), that these things which 
I have narrated^ are for the most part such as I have represented 
them to be. ola St^XSov may be supplied after roiavTa from a dirjX- 
3oj/. The words av — afiaprdvoi, belong not only to vofxl^oiv^ but also 
to 7ri(rT€v(t)v and rjyTja-afievos. It may assist to the right understand- 
ing of the chapter, to regard koL ovre ws TroirjToi. . . .iKveviK-qKora as a 
parenthesis, containing another and subordinate parenthetical clause, 
ovra dve^eXeyKTu. . . .€KV€viKT]K6Ta. In this second parenthesis ovra 
refers to a (= eKetm a) in a Si^XSoi', or it may be referred, as Goel. 

suggests, to as {=^ ola) TToirjTai vfjivfjKacn. inl to fxel^ov KocrfiovvTes. 

See. N. on 1. 10. § 3. Xoyoypd(poi^ i. e. writers of prose as opposed 

to TToiTjTai^ which seems here to designate those early chroniclers who 
wrote in verse. The name logographers^ which Thucydides hero 
applies to his predecessors, is now given by scholars to the historians 
who preceded Herodotus, and whose histories were composed of 
myths and traditionary stories, although doubtless containing much 

that was true. Cf. Miill. Lit. of Greece, p. 265. eVt. ..akrpe- 

a-repov^ with a view to their deing alluring to (literallv, leading to) the 
ear rather than consistent icith truth. ""When two adjectives are 
compared with each other, so as to signify that the property or quality 
is found in a higher degree in one than in the other, both of them are 

put in the comparative." Mt. § 456. Cf. K. § 323. 4 ; S. § 159. 2. 

ai/c^eXeyKTo, impossible to he convicted or refuted. Liddell and Scott. 
" Which can neither be proved nor disproved for want of evidence on 

either side." Arnold. alrSiv depends on to. iroXXa — aTrt'oTws eVt 

TO ixv^S)b(s ficvcviKrjiioTa^ have encroached upon (literall}^, won their way- 
to. Arnold) the fahulous^ so as to l)e entitled to no credit (dnLo-Tcos, 

^Hta ut nulla fides lis habeatur?'' Goeller). evprja-^ai — dnoxpdiv- 

rcoy, to J>6 sufficiently well made out. The subject of this infinitive is 



Chap. XXIL] NOTES. 217 

easily elicited from a Si^XSoi/ supra. cos TraXaia eJvai^ for things se 

ancient ; 1. e. considering their great antiquity (Of. K. § 841. R. 3; S. 
§ 223. 2). This clause, which Poppo makes = «? Trakaia evi inKpavrj 
elvai^ quantum testimonia de rebus priscis clara esse possunt^ qualifies 
anoxpoavTcos. 

2. 6 TTo'Xf/ios is the subject of drjKaaret (icill appear). iv J, 

sc. xpovco. aei. See N. on I. 11. § 1 (end). Trava-anevav = 

avTcov rravaauevcov cltto tov TroXe/icTi/ (from TroXe/ioio-i). avrcov (sc. 

Tcov apxaloiv) depends on ixel^cov. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

Whilo the exact words of the speeches uttered in this war are not pretended to have been 
given, yet the orations have been made to conform as nearly as possible to the general 
sense of what was really spoken (§ 1) ; as to the deeds, such only are narrated as fell 
under the observation of the historian, or were received on good authority from others 
(§ 2) ; this, however, was a task of extreme difficulty, from the conflicting accounts often 
given by those who were eye-witnesses of the same affair (§ 3) ; severe adherence to 
trutli to the neglect of all mere embellishment may be less agreeable, but cannot but be 
more useful to the reader, and will render the history worthy of being an everlasting 
possession (§ 4). 

1. Koi €Kaa-Toiy and as to the several (eKacrroi. See N". on I. 3. 

% h) speeches which were made. Xoyo) is antithetic to ra §' epya rcov 

TTpax^ivTODV., § 2 infra. Bothe edits o(ra Xoyau = oaovs Xoyovs. 

' iu avTco, i. e. iv rco TroXe/xeti/. ttjv oKpi^eiav avrrjP tcov Xe- 

X^evTcov (a changed construction for tovtcov ttjv aKpi^eiav) ■=. ravra ra 

Xe;^3eWa uKpi^cos. e/xoi limits ;(aXe7rdv. oov = eKeivoov a, of 

which equivalent, tfie antecedent (referring to tcov Xex'^ivTcov) de- 
pends on Tr]v aKpi^eiav, to be supplied from the preceding clause. 

Tols aWo'^tv TToSev — dnayyeWovaiv is opposed to ifxoi .... fJKovaa. 

av belongs to dnelv. to. heovra fiaXcaTa^ those things most espe- 
cially needed = most to the purpose. ixop-eva. . . .Xe;^3«Vra)i', keep- 
ing as close as possible to the general {^vnndarjs) sense of what was 
actually spoTcen. On the construction of yvoofxrjs.) cf. K. § 273. R. 6. 

b; S. §192. 1. ovTcos responds to as b' av edoKovv. "It thus 

appears that the speeches recorded by Thucydides are genuine as to 
their substance, although the style, the arrangement, and many of the 
particular arguments are altogether his own. They ar,e like the 
speeches written by Johnson tor the parliamentary debates in the 
Gentleman's Magazine; the substance of the debate was reported 
to him, and he then enlarged and embellished it. in order to set it off 
to the best advantage." Arnold. 

10 



218 NOTES [Book! 

2. TO. §*.. . .TToXf/xo), "but as to the deeds wliich were actually per- 
formed in the war. In order to avoid a pleonasm, Goeller, on the 
suggestion of Kriiger, connects rap npax'^evTcdv with iv tw TroXf/xo). 
But this is unnecessary, since the manifest design of the author was 
to give emphasis to the actuality of the deeds spoken of, and hence 
he departed from the usual mode of expression to. epya ra irpa-x^ivra. 
Haack remarks : ad to. iv ra rrokefia irpax^evra non solum to. tpya 

pertinent sed etiam ra \c)(^evTa. oIk .... eTre^eXScbv. Construct 

(as Poppo directs) : ovk ck rov naparuxovros Trvi/Sai/o/ievoff, ovb^ as 
€fjio\ eSo/cet, aXX' (j]^La)<Ta ypd(j)eiv) eVe^eXScbj/ ols T€ avrbs Tvapriv Koi 
napa roav aKKfov (jrvv'^avop.cvos). The words ex rov TraparvxovTos = 

from any one whom it chanced^ from every chance comer. ws ipoi 

idoKei =; according to any mere impressions of my own. avros 

Traprjp. It is supposed that Thucydides served in the first seven years 
of the war, for in the eighth, he was appointed to tlie command of 
the xithenian fleet off the coast of Thrace. From what he says, he 
must have been an eye-witness and an ear-witness of many things, 
which were done and said in this war. cVe^eXSo)!/ conforms rather to 
ols (= iK€7va ols) T€ avTos Traprjv than to napa tu>v aXkcov^ and hence 
TTVP^avofifvos may be easily supplied from the preceding context. 
eVe^fXScbi/ implies great thoroughness of investigation, and hence 
with oa-ov dvparop aKpi^eia (= aKpi^earara Mt. § 461. Ol)S.) is highly 
emphatic. 

3. ov. .. .Tkeyop^ did not give the same account of the same actions. 

aXX' (OS,.. . (x^h literally, as any one might ie in respect of good 

will to either party ^ or of his memoiy =■■ as any one was inclined to le 
partial to either 2)^^'^yt ^^' ^^ ^^^ memory served him. To the phrase 
u>s €xet the genitive is added, to show in what tespect the sense of 
the verb is to be taken. _K. § 274. 3. b. eKarepcop depends on evpolas^ 
as expressive of the cause whence the feeling of good will or partial- 
ity arose (K. §274; Kr. §47. 7. N. 5). ^vpoia tipos = evpoia npos rtpa. 

4. p,ep refers forward to 6e in oo-ot be ^ov\r]oropTai. In this way 

aTeprrecTTcpop is opposed to ax^tXt/xa infra. to prj p.v'^cobes avrcop^ 

their deing free from myths. The negative pt] is used, because the 
clause may be resolved into : quia nullcB in iis exstent faiulw instead 
of exstant^ which would express actuality without reference to any 
supposition, and would therefore demand to ov pv^cobes. Cf. Jelf 's 

Kiihn. § 475. Ods. 3. rcov re. . . .eo-fcrSai. Construct r crKonelp to 

(ra(f)es (the truth) tchp yepopepcop (*:ai to cacfies} tChp peXkoPToap iroTf 
avails K. r. X. On KaTUTo dp?5poi7reiop, according to the course of human 
affairs., in all human prolahility (ap^pcoTrelcos), cf. K. § 292. II. 3. b. 
KpiPfiv (sc, TovTQvs referring to oo-oi), for them to judge^ is tlio 



(^AP. XXIIL] NOTES. 219 

subject of €^€t (S. § 159. 2). The pronoun to be supplied here refers 
probably to political men, who endeavor to acquire a knowledge ol 
the future by the study of the past, and to whom such a history as 

this would be preeminently useful. After apKovvrats c^ei, Poppo, 

with several other critics, supplies tovtois or avTo7s referring to oaroi. 
But it is far better with Wolf, Haack, Arnold, and Bloomf., to supply 

efioi^ which is omitted dignitatis vel modestim gratia. KTrjfid re — 

^vyK€iTai = ^vyKciTai cos Kr^fid re es ae/, t7ds (i. e. his history) is com- 
posed as an eveelasting possession, ey del = to our old for aye. 

Bloomf. dyavta-fia, prize composition^ a trial of literary sTcill. 

Eeference is here supposed to be had also to Herodotus, but the doubt, 
which now hangs over the statement of Lucian in respect to the 
recitation at Olympia (see N. on I. 20. § 3), makes such a reference in 
this place to an equal extent uncertain. Besides, those critics, who 
are continually spying out references to Herodotus of the kind here 
and previously referred to, should remember that it does not add to 
the praise of Thucydides, to represent him as indulging in these 
covert and petty allusions, the designed object of which, must have 
been to disparage the credibility, and thus undermine the reputation 

of his great predecessor and rival for coming ages. es rb napa- 

XPW^ denotes the object or purpose of dycovia-fxa (K. § 290. 2. 3. a). 

dKoveiv^ sc. Tipd. Cf. S. 222. 6. The sentiment of thi3 passage 

is noble, and worthy of the man, who by common consent is justly 
styled Princeps Histop.icoeum. The subject of ^vyKeirai is pro- 
perly avra to be supplied from d)(f>€\ifia avrd. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

The importance of the Peloponnesian war is again insisted on, by a brief comparison of It 
with the Persian war, which was shown to have been brought to a termination in two 
sea-fights and as many engagements by land, but this war was lasting (§ 1) ; and in tho 
amount of blood shed, the capture of cities, the change of inhabitants by tho war and 
the accompanying seditions, was never equalled (§ 2) ; to which things were added what 
before had only been heard o^ viz. earthquakes, eclipses of the sun, droughts, famines, 
pestilence, and the like (§ 3) ; the causes of the war are introduced as next claiming at- 
tention, among which the veritable cause was the fear with which tho Lacedaemonians 
regarded the growing power of tho Athenians, but the ostensible one is detailed in th© 
narration which fallows (§ 4, 6). 

1. Tcov 5e Tvporepov. Tliis chapter, although belonging to the pre- 
face, is more immediately introductory to the history which commences 
in the next chapter. hvelv vavpax'iap, i. e. the sea-fights at Arts* 



220 NOTES. [BooKl 

misiurr. and Salamis. The land engagements were those at Pylae and 
Platea. dvelv is in the genitive (K. § 99. 5) and depends on Kpiaiv^ 
had its decision of tico sea-Jights =. found its decision in, two sea-fights. 
Poppo, Haack, and Goeller read bvoiv^ but the reading of Dindorf is 
supported by that of Bekker, Arnold, etc. and by the authority also 

of almost all the MSS. TovTov....'rzpov^r). A varied form of 

expression for 6 trokcixos (i. e. the Peloponnesian war) Trpov^r} es fieya 
IJLTJKos.) or (with Bloomf.) tovtov Se tov noKefiov (to) firJKos (is) /xey 

irpov^r]. ^vvriv€)(pr] yevea^ai^ happened tO 1)6 = hejell. erepa 

refers to 7ra?ifjp,aTa to be mentally supplied from the preceding mem- 
ber. iu Xaca xP^^^i ^- ^- '^^ twenty-seven years. 

2. ovre yap... .r]pr]fidi)'^T)(rav. The sentiment is as though it had 
been written : TrXeTorat yap TroXeiy iu repSe tw rroXe/xw XT^c^Selo-ai tjprj- 
fia>?iT](rav (icere taJcen and made desolate. Butt. § 144. N. V end), since 
the construction is continued with ai p.ev — at fie — eiVt fie a?, whereas 
the words as they now stand would require to be followed by ovre 
xmo l^ap^dpcov, ov8e vtto (t^coj/, etc. The negative form given by ovre 
yap TToXeis- Toaaide, adds much to the vivacity and strength of the 
passage. "With T]pr]^a}?iT}aav we may mentally supply nporepov iv 'iaa 

Xpova. VTTO ^ap^dpoiv. Reference is had to Mycalessus. Of. YII. 

30. invb a<pa)V avTOiv avrnrokepiovvTaiV. Platasa (III. G8) and 

Thyrea (IV. 57) are supposed here to be meant. Haack includes with 
these Mytilene, but a reference to III. 50, will show that the walls 
only of that city were demolished, the city being saved from destruc- 
tion by the reconsideration and rejection of a vote to destroy it, which 
had been passed by the Athenian assembly on the preceding day (cf. 

III. 49). Kcu oiKTjTopas p.eT€^a\ou (sc. ev tovtco rw TroXe/iw), 

changed inhabitants even^ i. e. had their inhabitants driven away to 
make room for others. The cities here referred to are -^gina (II. 27), 

Potid£Ba (II. 70), Scio (V. 82), and Melus (Y. 118). (pvyat, lanish- 

ments. 6 ph — 6 fi/, partly — partly. fiia to (XTacrtd^eiv^ on 

account of sedition. Haack thinks that reference is had in this place 
most especially to the Corcyrseans. Poppo in his notes on the Scholia 
adds the Argives (Y. 82), the Samians (YIII. 21. 73), et alii. 

3. aKofi^ hy report^ is here opposed to epya?, in fact. ovk 

airio-Ta KareaTT]^ decame not incredihle = ceased to he incredihle. 

aeia-pcou Te nepi, ioth a^ it respects (K. § 295. 8. 1. 2. a) eartJiqualces. 
apa — /cat, at once — and. yris does not here mean tlie habit- 
able globe, for, as Bloomf. justly remarks, that sense would require 
the article, but it signifies land^ territory^ and eVi irkeia-Tov pepos yrjs 
— ^Tvea-xov., occupied a tery extensive territory = vcere tery extensively 
p^valent. cKXet-\|/'fi?, sc. KaTeaTrjcrav from KaTeoTn supra. Strict- 



cjhap. xxiil] notes. 221 

ness of construction would have required eKKeiyj/eccv^ but it is varied 

as though aeto-fioL T€ had preceded. TrvKvorepai. . . .nvrjixovevojieva^ 

more frequent than wliat had deen remenibered from former times. 
Trapa here denotes in com^farison icith (K. § 298. III. 3. d), and Tvaph 
ra fiyrjfiovevopeva =■ Toav fxvTjpouevop.evcou (in dependence on nvKVoTepai) 

only much more intensive. ck = drro. avxy^oi Repeat ^wi- 

^T)(rav. ecTTL nap" ols = 7rap' ivios. K. §331. R. 4. Rarely is a 

word placed between ea-nv in this use and its relative, and then it is 

a preposition. an avrav, i. e. avxpoov. The connection between 

drought and famine is very obvious. So on the footsteps of famine 
follows pestilence, and hence the comiection of Xipos and \oip.6s so 

common as to be almost proverbial. Of. Matt. 24 : 7. koI tj. . . . 

vocros-, and that which produced the most (ovx TJKia-ra^ a litotes. See 
N. on I. 3. § 1) damage and destroyed a considerable part (jiepos rt)^ 
the pestilential disease. Some critics refer pepos to territory and sup- 
ply y^y, i. e. 'ArriK^ J. Others translate : did its share of destruction. 
I concur in the following note of Arnold, in which he substantially 
follows Goeller : " The word p^po^ seems to imply more than a part., 
for all the other visitations had destroyed a part of the people. It 
appears to signify so large a part as sensibly to affect the whole by its 
absence ; a 2^Toportio7i or substantive part of the whole nation. Thus 
also it is used YII. 30." j^ Xoipadrjs voa-os (stronger than 6 Xoipos) 
takes the article because it is epexegetical of rj . , . .(f)'^€ipacra., where 

the article could not be dispensed with. perd^ dpa^ and ^w- are 

not pleonastic but highly intensive. 

4. The historian now begins to detail the causes of the war. ^'p- 

$avTo — avTov. S. § 189. Xvaavres, icJien they had broTcen. See 

N. on TroXe/ioCj/res-, I. 13. § 6. 'Ev^oias aXao-ip by the Athenians 

under Pericles. 

5. dioTi^ lohy^ wherefore. npoeypayJAa nparov is apparently 

pleonastic, but in truth highly emphatic. ras biacfiopas which led 

to the war. rod prj nva ^r}Tr]aai Trore, in order that (S. §§ 222. 

2 ; 194. 1) no one may ever inquire. 

6. 7rp6<f)a(nv^ cause^ occasion^ opposed to aiTiai, apparent causes^ 
ostensible reasons. These words might well have changed places, as 
both are employed out of their usual signification. 7rp6(Pa(Tiv is the 
subject of elvai understood, the predicate of which is rovs 'A'^-qvalovs 
— dvayKaaat (=r6 rovs ^A'^rjualovs dvayKatrai. Of. Mt. § 542. Obs. 1. «). 

yiyvopevovs, because they had become. See N. on wf, I. 9. § 4. 

is TO (fiavepov Xeyopevai — eKarepcov., openly alleged by each party. 

For the genitive, of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 483. Obs. 4. d(t> &v, on account 

of which. 



222 NOTES. [BookL 



CHAPTERS XXIV.— LXVI. 

"We are now to enter upon the history of the Avar, which Thucydidea 
ehows to liave avowedly risen out of the contest between the Corinthians 
and Corcjrrcans (chaps. 24-55), and the affair at Potidaea (chaps. 56-66). 
Tliis portion may be regarded, therefore, in its relation to the main history, 
fts a detail of the pi*etended causes of this long and ruinous war. It is well 
worth the perusal of the student, as laying open in a most lucid manner, 
the genius and policy of the states representing the two great forms of gov- 
ernment, aristocratical and democratical, which were about to engage in a 
mighty and finjjl struggle for the mastery. It should be regarded as a bea- 
con light of the past, serving to warn against the most distant approach 
towards civil war, and showing to what extent the passions of men will 
carry them, and how ruinous their measures, when, overlooking the welfare 
of the whole, they seek to aggrandize and make powerful one state upon the 
ruins of otheiu The reader will find much that is reprehensible in the 
Athenian line of conduct, yet not more than in that of the Lacedaemonians, 
who, with a cold and selfish policy, were aiming at power not less eagerly 
than their more active and excitable rivals. A grasping and overbearing 
spirit had taken possession of both states, under different forms, it is true, 
but equally pernicious to their own best interests and those of Greece in 
general. 



CHAPTER XXIY. - 

Cpidamnus, tbe situation (§ 1), and founders (§ 2), and gro>vth (§ 3) of which are described, 
had become a^tated by internal dissensions (§ 4) ; the result of which was, that the 
common people banished those in higlier life, who uniting with the Barbarians, carried 
on war by land and by sea against the party which had expelled them {§ 5) ; in conse- 
quence of which, the citizens sent to Corcyra their parent city for aid (§ 6) ; but failed 
in obtaining it (§ 7). 

1. ^Emdafivos. Epidamnus^ afterwards called Dyrrachium and 
now Durazzo, is said by Euseb. Ohron. to have been founded 188 

years before tliis. iv de^ia .... koXttov, on the right to one sailing 

(K. § 284. 10. a; S. § 201. 4) into the Ionian gulf. By 'idwas koKttos 
is not meant the Ionian sea, but the southern part of that portion of it, 

which was afterwards called the Adriatic. npoo-oiKova-i^ hordered 

oUy dwelt near to. The accusative which follows this verb, depends on 
tho preposition. Tavkdimoi. Miiller places the Taulantii nortfc 



CuAT. XXIV.] NOTES. 223 

of Epidfimnus, but Bloomf. contends that their country lay betwecD 
Epidaranus and Apollonia. 

2. T(ov d<f)' 'Hpa/cXeouy, of the posterity of Hercules. It was usual 
to select the oekists, when new colonies were planted, from the distin- 
guished Heracleid families, which were found in all the Dorian cities. 

Cf. Grote's Hist. Greece II. p. 479. ck t^? /xT/r/joTroXeoop, i. e. from 

Corinth, which was the mother city of Corcyra. KaraKhpds^ 

heing called to this office. 

4. (TTaaidaavTes he Iv d\\r}\ois k. t. X. There are two modes of 
translating this passage, according as ((p'^aprja-ap is taken with orao-m- 
<ravT€s Se iv dXkrfKoLs {they were wealcened liy intestine discord)^ or with 
OTTO noXefxov tlvos (by a certain war). The former translation, which 
makes dirb (= e|) TroXe/nov the source or occasion of the intestine 
troubles, is defended by Haack, Goeller, and Arnold ; the latter, which 
regards drrb (= vtto) noXefxov as the immediate cause of their being 
reduced in numbers, is adopted by Poppo, Bekker, Kriig., Bloomf. etc. 
A comma is placed after ^ap^dpav by those who maintain the former 
interpretation. I am inclined to adopt the second translation, as ac- 
cording better with the signification of aTrd, which stands much more 
commonly for vtto than for e|, after^ and with the general sense of the 
passage, since intestine broils would be likely to take place without the 
occasion of a barbarian war, especially as this colony Avas composed 
of settlers from two states that had long disagreed. But after being 
weakened by these internal feuds, what more natural than that the 
Barbarians (i. e. the Taulantii) should attack them, and that too with 
success ? ws Xeyerat is to be taken with the preceding words. 

5. TO. de TeXevTola^ at last. K. § 278. K. 1. Some critics (as Goeller 
in his first edition) interpret, as though it were written ra Se reXevraia 
^j/, oTi trpb Tovbe Tov iroXep-ov (i. e. the Peloponnesian) 6 drjuos avriov. " 

Tovs dvvarovs^ " optimates.^'' Betant. " There was here it seems, 

as well as elsewhere, that contest between the ol exovres and the oi 
ovK exovT€9^ the haxe-somethings and the have-nothings., which has 
harassed, more or less, every nation that has arrived at any height of 
civilization, and seems particularly to infest old and thickly inhabited 
countries." Bloomf. direX'^ovTes from Epidamnus to the Bar- 
barians. rovs iv rf] TToXet, those in the city = the citizens of 

Epidamnus. 

6. The events here spoken of took place a. o. 435. Olymp. 86. 1. 

ol. ., .oi/res-, those who were (see N. on oi/res, I. 8. § 1) i7i the city, 

in contradistinction to those who had been expelled. as fiTjrpo- 

ttoXlv ovaav, inasmuch as it was (see N". on I. 9. § 4 end) their parent 
city. fjLrf (T(})ds Trepiopdv (jj^seipofiivovs^ not to loolc on and^ see them 



224 NOTES. [BookI. 

come to ruin. Cf. Liddell and Scott ad verb. Trepiopdco. See also Mt. 

§ 550. Tovs cfievyovras^ the exiles, or perhaps better the persons 

accused, and who had avoided trial by flight. ravra — edeovro. In 

the sense of to request, deTo-Sai takes the accusative of the thing. 

Cf. Jelf's Kiihn. § 529. Obs. 1. Ka'ie^ofxevoi is to 'Hpalop {in the 

temple of Juno) by constructio pra^gnans (see N. on I. 18. § 2) for 

fk^ovTis is TO 'Upaiov KaJii^ovro iv avTw. iKeTeiav ovk ihi^avro 

probably because the government of Epidamnus was now democrati- 
cal, while that of the Corcyrseans was aristocratical. 



CHAPTER XXy. 

The Epidamnians in their perplexity consult the Delphic oracle, whether they shall deliver 
up their city to the Corintliians, and having received an aiHrmative response (§ 1), depart 
to Corinth and entreat aid (§ 2) ; this the Corinthians promise to grant, both on the score 
of justice and through hatred to the Corcyroeans (§ 3) ; which hatred arose from the 
insolent treatment they had experienced from them in their colonial relations, the 
Corcyrseans being puffed up by their naval superiority, and because their isle had once 
been inhabited by the Phaeacians (§ 4). 

1. yvovTes — ovcrav, Tcnowing that he icas. "With the infinitive, yt- 

yvacTKciv signifies to learn, to judge, etc. K. § 811. 4. Tifxcopiav 

z=z ^orpeiav. iv ivapov, iDere in a state of perplexity what to 

do in the present exigency ; literally, were held in a strait etc. ticr'^ai, 

i. e. wore Jiia'iiai, or is to ^ia'^ai. TzipL-^avTes iv Ae\(f)ovs. " The 

usual resource of desponding states." Mitford. ft napadoUv. The 

optative (after an Historical tense) is used in indirect interrogative 
sentences, when the question is to be represented as proceeding from 

the mind of another. Cf. K. § 344. 6. Tip.copiav Trotelo-Sat = Tipco- 

oiav Xa^eT^/. 6 b\ i. e. the oracle. dvelXe, responded. 

rjyepovas (i. e. tovs Kopiv?iiovs)^ leaders, heads of the colony. They 
had been the founders of Epidamnus through the medium of Corcyra, 
now they were constituted the immediate founders, and received as 
euch the allegiance of the Epidamnians. 

2. TO pavTelov = TO pdvTcvpa. rov. . . .ovra, shoioing clearly 

that their founder was from Corinth. With the infinitive, deUvvpi 
signifies to teach. K. § 311. 11. Kr'ug. says that the use of o-^wv for 

iavTcov is mostly Ionic and Thucydidean. ibiovTo re. Hermann 

on Eurip. Med. (Opusc. III. p. 156) defines these words, prcetereaque 
orabunt. He lays down also the rule, that re is not employed to 
connect a main circumstance, but one inferior in importance. But I 
cannot see why the entreating, etc. in this place, is not to be regarded 



Chap. XXV.] JN T E S . 225 

as an important circumstance, inasmuch as it was the burden of the 
message which had been previously sent to the Corcyrseans, and that 
to which the deUvering up of the colony to the Corinthians was an 
indispensable step, a sine qua non. 8i,acji?S€ipo[xevovs is more inten- 
sive than (p?ieLpo[Xiuovs (I. 24. § 6), utterly (Sta-) ;perishing. 

3. be in KoptVStoi be is a general connective. re after Kara 

is responded to by be in apa Se, serving thus to connect the reasons 

why the Corinthians acceded to the request of the Epidamnians. 

eavr oiv elvai^ was theirs. K. § 273. 2. a. ovTes^ aWhougTi they 

icere. See N. on I. 7. § 1. 

4. oi/re yap — bibovres. The construction may be made regular by 
writing ovre StSoVres-, or ovre yap ebiboaav^ or still better, by repeating 
iTapr)p,ekovv (K. § 313. R. 1). The existence of yap shows, that the 
writer intended to have repeated a verb of similar meaning to Trap;;- 
fxeXovv. This, as Arnold remarks, he either forgot, or supposed that 
iTapr)p.ekovv itself could serve as the verb, notwithstanding by the in- 
sertion of yap he had rendered it grammatically impossible. navri- 

yupfo-t, festive assemblies. The Schol. refers this to the Olympic and 
Nemean games, but it is better to understand by it the public festivals 

in each city. ye'pa to. vo[j,iC6p.eva includes probably the rrpoebpia. 

ovT€ .... iepcov has afforded commentators much trouble. Bloomf. 

translates : nor committed the leading part of the sacrificial rites to 
a Corinthian; literally, not beginning the sacrificial rites with a Co- 
rinthian. Goeller, whom Arnold quotes approvingly, makes Kopiv^ico 
dvbpl depend on StSoirey, and 7rpoKaTapx6p,evoL = ev TrpoKarapxiJ', and 
then translates ovre yap. . . .Upcjv: neque in puMicis solennitatihus 
consiietos honores tribuentes^ neque solita munia viro Gorinthio in 
sacris. By mu7iia^ Goeller (whose interpretation is substantially that 
of Bloomf. and Ilaack) means the rites with which the sacrifice com- 
menced, such as pouring wine upon the head of the victim, sprinkling 
the barley {pv\oxvTas\ and casting into the fire the hair cut from the 
head of the victim. But, as Poppo remarks, if Kopti/StM avbpX pertains 
to bibovres ye'pa, and with these words, to both members of the sen- 
tence, it could not have well been placed after the second ovre. I 
prefer, as most natural, the translation which is in substance that of 
Poppo : nor serving a Corinthian with the first (== best) portion of 
the victiins. It is obvious that Kopiv^iia dvbpl admits of this interpre- 
tation as readily as though it had the plural form Kopiv'^lois uvbpdan^ 
which Bloomf. thinks in that case would have been required. In 
respect to this signification of irpoKardpxoi', cf. Butt. Lexil. No. 29 ; 
Liddell and Scott sub wee. The reader is also referred to some valua- 
ble remarks in Grote's Ilist. Greece (lY. p. 73), on this custom of 



226 NOTES. [Book I 

honoring the citizens of the metropolis with a privileged seat at fes- 
tivals, and with the first taste of the sacrificial victim. xPW^'''^^ 

Svvdfiei is opposed to rjj es irokefiov TrapacrKfvr} (infra), and shows in 
wliat respect o/xola is to be taken. The koI before xPW^"^^^ l^^s refer- 
ence to Kcu before rfj es jrokefjiov. 6/xoTa. . . .TrXovo-icararots, equal 

to the richest of the Grecian states. On o/LtoIa with the superlative, 
cf. K. § 239. R. 2 ; S. § 159. 5. According to Mt. § 290. 3, the use ot 
6/xota is seen in the equivalent, ovres 7r\ovai.ot ofiola rois fiaXia-ra 

(nXovcriois) tS)v 'EWrjvcov. Cf. Bloomfield's note. Suvarcorepoi than 

the Corinthians. vuvtik^ .... irraipoixevoi^ sometimes {eaTiv ore, oc- 

casionally. Bloomf.) heing puffed up on account of their great naval 
superiority. For the use of npoix^iv denoting the ground of cTvaipo- 
fiivoi, cf. Mt. § 534. II. d ; K. § 285. 1 (1). vavriKco denotes the respect 

in wliich irpo^x'^iv is to be taken. kol Kara .... vavs^ and decause 

the Phmacians., renowned in naval affairs^ dwelt formerly in Corey ra ; 
literally, l}eing elated (^eTraipop-evoi repeated) 07i account of the previouB 
dwelling of the Phceacians in Corcyra. For the double genitive after 
7rpo€volKT]cnv^ cf. K. § 275. R. 6 ; S. § 187. N. 2. Kara ttjv — TrpoevoiKi]- 
j-iv (a varied construction from Trpoix^iv iTraipofxevoi) is interpreted by 
the Schol., ofioias rfj npoevoLKfjcrci rcov ^ataKcov = in a manner befitting 
the preoccupation of Corcyra Ijy the Phmacians^ i. e. as became the 
successors of the Phsoacians. It must not be supposed from this, that 
Thucydides placed much if any confidence in the fabulous account of 
the PhsBacians. lie speaks here of the subject, as it was considered by 

the Corcyrseans. 17, for this reason (cf. 1. 11. § 1), refers to the fact 

just before alluded to, that the Phajacians formerly had occupied their 
island. ovk ddvvaroi, very powerful^ '-'• quite powerfuV Schol. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

For the reasons just given, tlie Corinthians send out colonists and troops to assist the 
Epidarauians (§ 1) ; these go by laud to Apollonia (§ 2) ; the Corcyrisans hearing this, 
Bail with a fleet to Epidamnus, and order the citizens to receive the exiles (cf. I. 24. § 5) 
end to send back the colonists and troops that had come to their assistance (§ 3) ; on 
their refusal to do this, the Corcyrseans proceed against them with forty ships, taking 
with them the exiles and some Illyrian auxiliaries (§ 4), and lay siege to the place, 
having first made proclamation, that any Epidamnian or stranger who wished, might 
depart unmolested (§ 5). 



1. iyKkrifiara r^^oin^ef = Karrjyopovirres. Phav. olKrjropa 

KcXevdires, mahing proclamation that any one who chose might go 



olKTjropa . . , , 
as a 



Chap. XXVL] NOTES. 227 

oolonist. 'AixnpaKLOiToiv depends on (f)povpovs. Ambracia, in the 

southern part of Epirus, was founded by a Corinthian colony, as 

■was also Leucadia, an island on the western coast of Acarnania. 

^povpovs depends on KeXci/oi/res-, which in this connection signifies 
commanding. Uvai must of course be repeated. 

2. Tre^^i ^y ^nd. Although it is not said expressly, that they 
went to Epidamnus, yet it is implied in the emphasis which must be 
given to rre^^ = they went by land to Apollonia, and afterwards 
proceeded to Epidamnus by water. Apollonia, the ruins of which are 
now call Pollina, was situated . near the mouth of the ^as or Aous 
(now Voioussa)^ about fifteen miles south of the Apsus. It was at this 
time dependent upon Corinth. Blooraf. suggests that they went by 
water from Apollonia, in order to avoid the danger of passing through 

the territory of the Taulantii. Se'^t, through fear. KcoXvavrai. 

The subjunctive here depends on a verb {enopev'^rja-av) denoting time 
past, in order to impart vivacity to the discourse, by narrating past 
events as though they were present. Cf. K. §§ 330. R. 1 ; 345. 5 ; S. 

§ 212. N. nepatovpevoi^ while passing^ on their passage. (See N. 

on TToKep.ovvTcs^ I. 13. § 6) ; or, perhaps, it is better (with Mt. § 555. 
Obs. 2) to construe this participle as an infinitive after KcoKvoovTai^ 
should hinder from passing. 

3. 7Ja?iouTo — rJKoi^Tas. "With the participle, ala^dvea^ai signifies 
to 2-)erceive^ to ol)serve ; with the infinitive, to tliin\ to imagine. K. 

§ 311. 5 ; S. 225. 7. vav(r\ is the dative of accompaniment. 

S. § 206. 5. eVepo) oToXo) consisting of fifteen ships, as we learn 

by a comparison of § 4 infra, where the fleet of the Corcyraeans is said 

to consist of forty sail. kot iirrjpeLai/^ insultingly^ with insolent 

threats. The haughty demand made here by the Corcyraeans, arose 
less from a desire to aid the exiles, than from hatred to the Epidamni- 
ans, increased probably by the intelligence, that they had applied to 

Corinth for assistance. yap in rjX'^ov yap introduces the reason 

for the demand made by the Corcyraeans in behalf of the exiles. The 
parenthetic clause extends to Kardyeiv^ after which the demand made 
by the CorcyrjBans is resumed, the tc in tovs re (f)povpovs corre- 
sponding to the re in rods re (fyevyovras^ and dnoTrepnciv depending 

on eKeXevov kut iirfjpeiav at the beginning of the section. rd<^ovs 

....^vyyhf.iav^ pointing to the sepulchres (of their ancestors) and 
showing their {■= claiming) relationship. For the dilogia in oTroSft- 

KvvvTcs, cf. K. § 346. 3. fjv irpoiax6p.€voi^ holding out wMc\ alleging 

which as an argument or ground of request. dnoTrffineiv from 

Epidamnus. ou§eV, i. e. Kar ouSeV, stronger than ovk. Bloomf. 

avrwj/ is neuter. Cf. I. 29. § 1 ; 140. § 4. 



228 NOTES. [Boon I 

4. The Scliol. interprets dWa by koi, but the abruptness of aXXa 
is quite in keeping with the style of Thucy elides. An ellipsis may 
be easily supplied, such as : the Corcyrceans (made no more verbal 
demands), hut proceeded against thern^ etc. — — cb$- Kara^ovres (sc. 
0117015)^ under pretence of restoring tliem. ©s is here used de re pre- 

textu. Kol (also) connects TrpoaXa^opres with /Ltera tcoj/ cj)vyd5cov. 

TrpocrXa^ovres as auxiliaries. The participle is to be construed 

with arparevovaiv. 

5. Trpoa-Ko.'^eCofxevoc, MocTcading^ not strictly hesieging^ since, aa 
Bloomf. and Poppo observe, it was not until after the Epidamnians 
would listen to no proposal, that it is said the Corcyrceans eTroXLopKow 
TTjv TToXiv. The accusative is rarely found after Tvpoa-Ka^i^^aJiai^ and 

only in the general meaning which it has in this place. npoemov 

— rov ^ovXofxcvov — dnievai. The object of verbs which take the geni 
tive or dative, is frequently put in the accusative with the following 

infinitive. Of. K. § 307. N. 3 ; S. § 222. 3. a. d... .xpwecr^ai, 

hut otherwise they would treat them as enemies. Poppo and Goeller 
edit ;j;pj7a-aCT-3ai, but the future form is adopted by Bekker (in his last 
edition), Haack, and Arnold, which is undoubtedly correct, since the 
time of the action is essentially future. Cf. K. § 257. E. 2 ; Jelf 's 
Kiihn. § 405. Ohs. 2. There is no need with Bloomf. to repeat TrpoeT- 
TTov per dilogiam (see N. on § 3 supra), in the sense of order^ declare 
openly^ since such brevity of expression is continually occurring in 

every language. irvel'^ovTo refers to the Epidamnians. eort 

S' la^fxos TO x<>>P''Ov is a parenthesis, and is so marked in most of the 
editions before me. ta-3ju6s (= dp.cf)i'^aXd(Tcnos. Schol.) means here 
a peninsula, or an isthmus on a peninsula. Notice the position of 
to-Sjuos between the subject and the verb. 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

The Corinthians prepare to send out a fleet for the relief of Epidamnus (§ 1) ; ships, 
money, and troops are furnished at their request by their allies (§ 2). 

iroXiopKovvrai, sc. 01 'ETrtSa/xi/ioi. The indicative is here employed 
because the statement is given in the messenger's own words, on 
in such cases serving as a mark of quotation = (announcing) " the 
Epidamnians are lesieged:'' Cf. K. § 329. E. 3 ; S. § 213. 1. Some 
may prefer, however, in this and similar cases, to regard the indicative 
tis supplying the i^laco of the optative (S. § 213. N. 1), for the sake o\ 



;iaAP. XXVIL] ^OTES. 22S 

r.vacity : (announcing) iliat the Epidarrmians^ etc. ajroiKlav , » , , 

fKrjpvaa-ov = proclaimed that a colony was about to lie sent to Epidam- 
nus. (See N. on dieKpbrja-av npos, I. 18, § 2). es in its use here is 
much Hke our for, in such expressions as, the expedition is for Oregon. 

So here: proclaimed a colony for Epidamnus. cVl rrj 'larri koI 

onoia (sc. fioipa or rififj)^ having equal and similar ranh and privi- 
leges with the old colonists and with one another. Not, as Goeller 
supposes, equal to the citizens of the parent state, but equal to one 
another, whatever distinctions may have existed among them at 

Corinth. Haack supplies coo-re before Uvau Of. K. § 306. E. 3 ; 

S. § 223. 1. fxrj eSeXot — ^ovXerai. A shade of uncertainty is 

given to the first verb by the optative = should perhaps le unwilling 
• — and yet wished (as a matter of fact). For this intermingling of the 
optative and indicative, cf. Mt. § 529. 5 ; Kost, § 122. I. 7 ; Jelf 's 
Kiihn. § 855. Obs. 4. The apodosis is contained in jxeveiv^ which is 

constructed like the preceding Uvai. nevri^Kovra dpaxp^as Kara'^ev 

Ta Kopiv'^las^ by paying fifty Corinthian drachmce^ towards defraying 
the expenses of sending out the colony. The .Corinthian drachma 
was equal in value to the j3]lginetan, which was worth ten oboli. 
Fifty of these would amount, therefore, t* something more than 
eighty-three Attic drachma) (see N. on III. 17. § 3). Some translate 
Kopti/SSiay, at Corinth^ but aro divided in opinion, whether it is to be 
taken with Kara^cvra or with fxeveiv. Many of the MSS. have Kopiv 

Slots'. fxevetv depends on eKrjpvo-aov. 

2. TQ)v Meyapecav. Megara, with the states here named, formed a 
part of the ancient Peloponnesian confederacy, and were bound to Cor- 
inth by the ties of consanguinity, amity, and unity of political views. 
The aid which Megara received from Corinth, when it revolted from 
Athens, is spoken of, I. 114. § 1. ^vfxnpo7rep.yl/€Lv^ to convoy, to at- 
tend for the sake of defence. el apa, if perchance. Kaikvoivro 

—nXelv. K. § 306. 1. a. UaX^s (Att. for HaXety. S. §48. K 2. b), 

the inhabitants of Pale, one of the four cities of Cephallenia, and as 
some think, a Corinthian colony. But cf. Miill. Dorians, I. p. 130, 

N. m. 'Em^avpicov. The Epidaurus here spoken of, was a city 

of Argolis, on the western coast of the Saronic Gulf, over against 

^gina. 'Epfxiov^s, the inhabitants of Hermione, wliich was also a 

city of Argolis, south of Epidaurus and opposite Hydrea. Tpot- 

(rivLoi. Troezen lay about midway between Epidaurus and Hermione, 

somewhat east of a direct line between the two cities. Qrj^aiovi 

.... ^Xiao-Lovs. These being wealthy, but not maritime states, furnish- 
ed money doubtless in the way of a loan. The Eleans, in addition tc 
money, furnished empty ships, not having seamen to man them. 



230 NOTES. rCcoicl 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 

The Corcyrajans hearing of this extensive armament send am bassadoi'S to Ccriutb; 
charging them to -withdraw their garrison and colonists from Epidamnus (§ 1) ; pro- 
fessing their willingness to submit the whole affair to the arbitration, either of othei 
states, or of the oracle at Delphi (§ 2) ; but if war was resolved upon, they should look 
for aid from some powerful quarter (§ 3) ; to this the Corintbians reply, that they would 
consider their proposals, whenever they should withdraw their fleet and barbarian aux- 
iUaries from Epidamnus (§ 4) ; the Corcyraians consent to do this, provided the Cor- 
inthians will take upon themselves the same conditions (§ 5). 

1. ovs TrapeXa^ov to be witnesses (says the Scliol.), or to ensure to 
the CorcyroBans more respect from the Corinthians. It is probable 
that the Corcyra^ans began to be aharmed at the powerful confedera- 
cy which was formed against them, and had recourse to the media- 
tion of the Lacedaamonians and the Sycionians. ©y. . . .'ETriSa- 

jjivov^ as tliey had no concern icith Epidamnus. For the construction 
of 0)5 — iiiTov (from fxeTeLfit)^ cf. K. §312. 6. c; S. § 226. a. avrols 
may be referred to S. § 201. 3 ; and 'Em^d^vov to S. § 191. 2. 

2. et de rt avriTroiovvTai, (sc. 'ETrtSa/xwu), laij any claim to Epi- 
damnus. ai/TtTroteio-Sat, " vindicare sibi.'''' Betant. biKas — bovvai, 

" to submit the quarrel to a fair discussion.'''' Arnold. I would rather 
say, subm.it the matter to arbitration^ or to a judicial investigation. 

The expression is a forensic one. Trapa noKeaiv aly, i. e. napa 

TToXeaLv nap' als. K. § 300. 5. b. |u/x/3c5crij^, sc. dUas didovai. 

oTTOTepcov depends on elvai (to belong). S. § 190. Kparclv is 

constructed in the same manner as Uvm and fiiveiv, I. 27. § 1. It is 
wortliy of note, that the Corcyraeans did not offer to refer the subject 
to a congress of the Peloponnesian states, lest, as Miiller ^Dorians, I. p. 
202) justly remarks, by the preponderance of Sparta, their liberty 
might have been endangered, but it was to be referred to arbitrators 
ghosen by both states, or to the Delphic oracle. This last offer was 
very generous on the part of the Corcyra^ans, inasmuch as the Del 
phic oracle had countenanced the proposal of the Epidamnians, to pu 
themselves under the protection of Corinth, and might be inclined 

therefore to favor their interests. Trokeixov 5e ovk elav ttouIv^ but 

they were unwilling to malce war ; literally, they would not permit 
etc. Mt. § 608. 1. 

3. ei be fny, but otherwise, i. e. if the Corinthians would not con- 
sent to an amicable adjustment of the difficulties. alroi, they 

themselves (as the Corinthians had done). eKeivav /Sia^o/xeVo)* 

(taken transitively), t?iey compelling, at their compulsion. ttoici- 



Chap. XXVIIL] NOTES. 231 

o-3at, to maJce for tliemseUes. Haack refers (piKovs to the Spar- 
tans or Athenians. The latter doubtless are meant. ^ovkovrai 

refers to the Corcyrseans and not to the Corinthians. The meaning is, 
that tlie Oorcyra3ans did not wish to be obliged to pursue the course 

here spoken of. irepovs as an expression of difference is followed 

by the genitive (K. §271. 3; S. §,198. 2). It is here qualified by 

MaXXoj/, fa?' other tJian, i. e. of a very different nature than. twv 

vvv ovToav^ i. e. the exiles and the Illyrians (cf. 1. 26. § 4), who were 
at this time aiding the Corcyroaans, for this state had not yet confed- 
erated itself with any Grecian power (cf. I. 81. § 2). The Schol. ex- 
plains TWV vvv ovTOiv by Toiv VVV laxvovTcov^ and therefore MatthiaQ 
conjectures eKarepovs rcov vvv ix.^vT(ov fiaXXov^ taking e^^eiv fxaWov in 
the sense of potiorem esse. 

4. Tas re vavs, i. e. the forty ships with which they were now 
blockading Epidamnus (I. 26. § 4). rovs ^apjSdpov^^ i. e. the Illy- 
rians. ^ovXeva-ea^ai, tJieTj would deliberate uiion the thing. 

npoTepov the withdrawal of the ships and Barbarians. ov 

TToXtopKeicrSai, it would not le well for those (i. e. the Epidamnians) to 
he sustaining a siege. The particles p.€v and 8e are here employed to 
connect two propositions, which are strongly contrasted with each 
other. The ov koKios ex^iv^ cf. Butt. § 150. p. 445, was predicated of 
neither of the actions taken by itself, but of the incongruity of carry- 
ing on hostilities while arbitrating for peace. avrovs refers to 

both the Corcyreeans and Corinthians. Goeller refers it to the Cor- 
inthians alone, but as Poppo remarks, why then was it not written 
a(f)as ? SiKo^ecrSat, to ie litigating^ to be at issue in a suit. 

5. aj/rt'Xeyoz/, rcfjlied. rovs iv *E7rt5a/xi/(>), i. e. the colonists 

and troops sent to Epidamnus by the Corinthians (I. 26. § 1). 

noiTjo-eiv ravra^ i. e. ras vavs kcll tovs ^ap^apovs dird^dv. iTo7fxoi 

Se elvat k. t. X. There is some diversity in the translation of this 
passage. One class of interpreters, among whom are Poppo and 
Ilaack, make 770117 o-ao-Sac to depend on eVoi/xot, and construct &(tt€ 
(in the sense of hac conditione ut. Mt. § 479. a; S. § 223. 1) after 
Kara x^p(^^- The sense then would be : they were also ready to malce 
a truce on this condition^ that both parties should remain as they were 
(literally, in their place\ until the cause should be decided. Arnold 
and Bloomf., on the other hand, construct p.eveiv (defined more spe- 
cifically by wore) in direct dependence on €To7fxoi, and retain be after 
anovbas (which is omitted or bracketed by all the recent editors), thus 
connecting Troifja-aa'^ai. with fieveiv. This would give the sense : " they 
were also ready to agree that both parties should remain where they 
icerc^ and a truce be made^ to continue until the cause should be do- 



232 NOTES. [Book 1 

cidedy ' Bloomf. This strikes me as the more natural interpretation, 
and one, which avoids the harsh transposition of words upon which 
the other is based, although the interposition of cocT-re between eroT/zoi 
and /levftr, is somewhat troublesome to account for. In respect to the 
mood which ewy takes, Kiihner lays down the rule (Gram. § 337. 3. 5), 
that when the point of time expressed by it is past, and the statement 
is to be represented as a fact, the indicative is used ; when present or 
future, the subjunctive. 



CHAPTER XXIX. 

The Corinthians reject the proposals of the Corcyraeans, and sail for Epidamnus with 
seventy-five sliips under Aristeus and other leaders (§§ 1, 2); the Corcyraeans send a 
herald to Actium to forbid their further approach, and meanwhile busy themselves in 
preparing their fleet for action (§ 3) ; the mission of the herald proving unsuccessful, 
they come to action with the Corinthian fleet and destroy fifteen of their sliips (§ 4) ; 
and on the same day get possession of Epidamnus (§ 5). 

1. irXrjpeis^ i. e. full of sailors, well manned. nporepov^ i. e. in 

advance of the armament. irpo^povvra. S. § 225. 5. The Schol. 

regards this act of the Corinthians as done by the way of insult, but 
it was a ceremony of general usage. apavres^ having weighed an- 
chor^ put to sea. Sio-xiXtoiff. Three thousand hoplites are spoken 

of (I. 27. § 2). There may have been some mistake in the text, or 
perhaps the whole number could not be got in readiness to embark in 
season. The Schol. thinks that through contempt of the Corcyraeans, 

one thousand were left behind. But this is very unlikely. Kep- 

Kvpaiois. S. § 202. 1. evavTia is used adverbially (cf.'III. 55. § 3) 

and strengthens TroXf/xTyo-oKrey, to jight against-. S. § 225. 5. 

2. iaTparrjyei conforms in number to the first subject which fol- 
lows it. Cf. K. § 242. R. 1. veS>p. S. § 189. 

3. iu 'Aktio).. . .-y^f, m Actium in tTie country of Anactorium. 
The genitive denotes the whole, the city or town being a part. See 
N. on I. 114. § 2. Actium was afterwards celebrated for the naval 

fight between Augustus and Mark Antony. ev tt/car/w, in a slciff. 

The Schol. says that this was done to show their peaceful intention. 

anepovvra (jlt) nXelv. See N. on I. 10 § 1 (end). enXrjpovv. 

See N. on nXrjpeis^ § 1 supra. C^v^avres. There is much doubt 

in what consisted the repairs, which all commentators agree that this 
word denotes. The only views which seem capable of justification 
are, (1) that of Passow, Goeller, and Arnold : undergirdin^ with rope*^ 



Chap. XXIX.] NOTES. . 233 

i. e. passing under-girths under tlie ship and so binding it together. 
Arnold says that the Kussian ships taken in the Tagus in 1808, were 
kept together in this manner, in consequence of their age and unsound 
condition. He also refers to Acts 29 : 19. But Poppo denies that 
wo^cbwu/xt, which is there found, has the same meaning as ^evywfxi^ 
or that the signification of vno^oifxaTa in Plato, Kepub. X. p. 616. C 
(cited by Goeller, and Arnold) is parallel; (2) the interpretation 
dopted by Portus, Haack, and others : furnishing with tenches^ oars^ 
etc. ; (3) the interpretation of Bloomf., who refers it to the inner 
Nocks^ heams^ and stays^ by which the frame of the ship is held togeth- 
er, and which need to be repaired or renewed whenever it is refitted. 
I am inclined to adopt this view, although far from being certain as 
to its correctness. The general definition repairing (cf. Betant sub 
voce\ is perhaps all that w^e can give with our present knowledge of 

the word, and the ancient structure of ships. ima-Kcvda-avres 

refers, probably, to such minor repairs and equipments as all vessels 
occasionally require. 

4. yap in Teo-a-apaKovra yap implies an ellipsis : the number (i. e. 
eighty) was all they could oppose to the Corinthians, for forty ^ etc. 

ivUrja-av. Leake thinks that the action took place between Paxd 

and Cape Yarlam. napa ttoXv, hy far. Phav. quotes this in the 

adverbial form napairoXv. Sie^Seipai/, disabled^ put hors de com- 

l)at. avTo7s refers to the Corey rseans. tovs — rroXiopKovvras 

refers to those of the Oorcyra^ans who were besieging Epidamnus. 
Haack well observes that this is shown by the change of case, since 
otherwise the construction might have been continued by the dative, 

TTju 'EniSafxvov TroXiopKovai. Trapao'TTja-ao-'^aL o/xoXoyia, forced to a 

capitulation^ brought to agree to terms of surrender. This use of 
7rapiaTr}iJ.L is easily derived from its literal signification in the middle : 
to cause a person to stand by one''s side, and hence to compel to be on 

one's side. coo-re, on condition that. See K. on I. 28. § 4. 

eTrjyXvSas-, 7iew comers, the same that were called ^evoi (I. 26. § 5), i. e. 

the Ambraciots and Leucadians (I. 26. § 5). dnodoa^ai " est in 

sermtutem 'cendere.^^ Goeller. — — Kopiv'^lovs de dfjcravras ^xeiv^ but 
having bound the Corinthians they should Tceep them = should retain 
the Corinthians in custodv. 



234 ' NOTES. [BooKl 



CHAPTEE XXX. 

The Corcyrseans having erected a trophy, put the rest of the captives to death, but ro 
tain the Corinthians in custody (§ 1) ; the fleet of the latter retking homewards, the 
Corcyrseans remain masters of the sea in those parts, ravage the territory of Leucaa 
and burn Cyllene (§ 2) ; the Corinthians send out a new fleet to sustain the cause of 
their allies, which takes its station at Actium and about Chimerium (§ 3) ; the Corcy- 
ra;an fleet takes its station opposite at Leucimne (§ 4) ; but neither party attempt to 
b"ing on an engagement, and on the approach of winter retire homeward (§ 5). 

1. AevKifivT]. Arnold prefers AevKifxixr), as tlie reading of the best 
MSS. and confirmed by the name Leukimmo, which the place still 
bears. Of. Dod well's Class. Tour. I. p. 39. Col. Leake (Travels in 
J!^orth. Greece, I. p. 94) by the name Alef kemo identifies it with the 
low cape advancing into the channel at Corfu, eight miles to the 

northward of Cape Bianco. tovs aniKTuvav. This was done 

contrary to the terms of surrender, probably in the excitement occa- 
sioned by the erection of the trophy, or at the suggestion of the 
democratical leaders, in order to cut off all hope of accommodation 

with the aristocracy. aWovs than the Corinthians. They were 

called inrfKvdes in the preceding chapter. 

2. T](ja~r]fX€voi^ worsted. eV* oikov, Tiomeward. em with the 

genitive marks the aim, object, or direction of the action, as nXelp 
cVt 2a/xou, to sail towards Samos, but eVi 'Edfxov^ to Samos; eV oikoj/, 

to their home. Cf. K. §§ 273. K. 8 ; 296. 1. b ; S. § 231. iKparovp 

is the apodosis of eVetSj? — dv€xa>pT](rav. ttjs kot €Ke7va to. ;(a)pia, 

i. e. the sea adjacent to Corcyra. Tr)v — dTroiKiav. This has been 

mentioned before (I. 27. § 2), and hence the article is attached to it. 

Tris y^s Zreixov^ ravaged a part of the country. For the genitive, 

cf. Mt. § 325. 1 ; K. § 273. 8. a; S. 191. 1. The same expression we 

find in II. 56. § 4. iirU eiov, naval arsenal^ sea-port., where the 

navy of the state lay. Such was the Piraeus, Nisa3a, Gytheum, etc. 
napiaxov refers to the Eleans. Cf. I. 28. § 2. 

3. Tre puovTt T(p Sepet, when the summer was drawing to a close^ 
ahout the end of summer. Poppo and Ilaack read nfpiovri raJ Se'pet 
(a'statis reliqua parte)., which reading is found in almost all tho 
MSS. and also in Bekker's edition. But Arnold shows pretty conclu- 
sively, that this would demand the reading rw Trepiovn tov ^epov^, or 
Tw Se'pei rw irepiovTi. Some render it (as did Bloomf in his earlier 
edition), until the return of (the next) summer., on the ground that 
the sea-fight could not have taken place before the last of July, which 



Chap. XXXI.] NOTES. 235 

would have left too little time for the Corinthians to return home, refit 
their fleet, which must have been roughly handled in the engagement, 
and station it at Actium and about Ohimerium, in season to make ap- 
plicable the words which follow (§ 5 infra), dWa to Sepos tovto dvriKa- 
^eCoH-^voi K. r. X., after remaining in opposite stations this whole smiv- 
mer. But may we not assign to tlie time of the battle, an earlier date 
in the summer than this interpretation assumes ? Goeller thinks that 
it took place in the beginning of the summer, and perhaps even in th 
spring. If so, there would remain ample time for the transactions here 
spoken of. Besides, if ahXa to ^epos tovto dvTi<a'ie^6[xevoi k. t. X. refers 
to the next summer after the battle, it has a very harsh connection, to 
say the least, with tov t€ xp^^^ov t6v TrXeiorroi/, with wliicli the section 
commences, especially if t6v 8' iviavrov irdvTa k. t. X. with which the 
next chapter begins, be taken also into consideration. Tlie battle 
took place a. o. 485. The full year after the sea-fight, and the year 
subsequent to that, would include the winters of a. c. 435-4, and 
434-3. But here a difiiculty arises from the fact, that the best chro- 
nologists unanimously fix the date of the second expedition in 432. 
"What were the contending parties doing the year that is hero omit- 
ted? Arnold leaps over the difiiculty, by assigning the date 433 to 
the time when the speeches (chaps. 32-43) were delivered, and 432 to 
the events which are detailed in I. 44. But perhaps the terminus a 
quo of these two years may be the winter of a. o. 435-4, when both 
parties went into winter quarters ; the year after the sea-fight would 
then be 434-3 and the next year 433-2, so that in the spring of 432 

the second expedition might be made. ^AktIco. This station and 

that at Ohimerium were chosen, for the protection of the Leucadians 

and their other allies in that quarter. Xet/xeptoj/, Chimerium^ 

according to Leake the place now called Arpitza. Of. N. on I. 46. § 4. 



CHAPTEK XXXI. 

The Corinthians spend the next two years in active preparations for war (§ 1) ; at which 
being alarmed, the Corcyrijeans determine to send ambassadors to implore the aid of the 
Athenians (§ 2) ; the Corinthians liearing this, send an embassy also to Athens (§ 3) ; 
an assembly being convened in that city, the debate is opened by the Coreyrseans (§ 4). 

1. opyrj (})epovTes tov — TToXefxov^ carrying on the war with spirit. 
The old commentators (whom Bloomf. here follows) interpret it, leing 
indignant at the war^ talcing in dudgeon the war (i. e. the events of it). 



236 If OTES. [Book 1 

But cf. TO. aX\a 3v/xw €(j)€pop^ Y. 80. § 2, npon which Poppo remarks : 
nihil aliiid significarc possunt qiiam reliqua imjyetu quodam animi 

administrdbant. ivavTr-qyovvTo^ I'ept l)uilding ships for themselves. 

TO. Kpariara = to the utmost of their ability. /liio-Sq) m'C^ov' 

res (sc. avTovs)^ inducing them by wages (to enter into their service). 
Bloomf. from III. 31. § 1, would supply ^vnnokefie7v^ and refers to 
our expression, taking them into pay. 

2. ^(rav yap commences a parenthesis which extends to AaKebai 
fioviav. The verb edo^ev which follows, is connected by koI (before 

the parenthesis) to oi KepKvpaloi .... icfio^ovvro. ovdevos depends 

on efo-TTovdoij in alliance with no one. wr, to^ " is never thus 

prefixed to a noun denoting an inanimate object." S. § 136. N. 

eupio-Keo-Sai, to find for themselves. Cf. Anab. II. 1. § G. The object 
is bicfyeXeiav. 

8. Koi avToi, they also. npecr^evcropeuoL (S. § 225. 5), to nego- 
tiate by ambassadors. Poppo prefers Trpea-^evofievm. o-cj^iVi de- 
pends on ifjLTTodiov. jrpos — irpoo-yevop-evov. Sometimes the prepo- 
sition with which a verb is compounded is repeated. SeVSat 

(= is TO '^ea'iai) denotes the respect in which ipnobiov is to be taken. 
Cf. I. 25. § 1. Bloomf. takes it in the sense of SiaSeVSat, disponere^ 
07'dei\ i. e. bring to an issue. This verb is usually accompanied by 
€v or KoXcos, which sense is here given by 77 ^ovXovrai. 

4. KaraaTaarjs is intransitive. Cf. Soph. Gr. Verbs, p. 165. 

Toiddcj as follows. The substance of the speech is given. Cf. I. 22. § 1. 



CHAPTERS XXXII.— XXXVI. 

This oration of the Corcyrseans may be divided into, 1, the exordium 
(chap. 32); 2, the argumentative portion (chaps. 33-36. § 2); 3, the perora- 
tion (chap. 36. § 3). The second part (i. e. the argumentative) may also be 
subdivided into the rh Q}(pe\ifji.oy (chap. 33), and rh diKaiov (chaps. 34, 85). This 
last head may also be subdivided into an argument, 1, upon the claims 
wliich the Corinthians, as the mother country, might be supposed to have 
upon the Corcyraians (chap. 34) ; and 2, upon the violation of the Pelopon- 
nesian treaty with which the Athenians would be chargeable, should they 
succor the Corcyrseans (chap. 35. § 4). The orator then recurs again to the 
advantages of the proposed aUiance (chaps, 35. § 5, 36. § 2), and closes with 
the peroration. 

The orations and speeches in Thucydides are full of exegetical difficulties, 
and require much laborious study, in order to understand them, so as to se» 



Chap. XXXIL] NOTES. 237 

and appreciate their beauty and force. The reader should subject everj 
sentence to the most searching grammatical analysis both etymological and 
syntactical, and having thus explored the meaning, should treasure it carefully 
m memory, so as to be able to read in connection larger portions, and in the 
end, the whole oration. This, however, should not be deemed all that is 
requisite. Repeated perusals are necessary, to secure that ease of translation 
and freedom from verbal perplexities, which bring the mind into sympathy 
with the great and glowing ideas of the writer, and cause it to be borne along 
upon the stream of argument, which flows with such depth and vehemence 
and grandeur. The editor of this edition would therefore urge upon every 
reader, the importance of attaining by frequent rerviews that facility of trans- 
lation, which will enable him to read these speeches, without the inten'uption 
occasioned by consulting lexicons and other books of reference. 



CHAPTER XXXII. 

The exordium commences with an acknowledgment, tbat tliose who ask aid, in the cir- 
cumstances in which the Corcyroeans present themselves to the Athenians, should show 
that an advantage will accrue thereby to those who confer the favor, and that the obli'- 
gation will bo amply repaid by the party assisted (§§ 1, 2) ; a brief reference is made to 
the unwise line of conduct previously pursued by the Corcyrffians in having abstained 
from alliance with any of the states (§§ 3, 4) ; they had indeed defeated the Corinthians 
in a former battle, yet the extensive forces which their enemies were collecting from 
Peloponnesus, compelled them to ask aid of the Athenians (§ 5). This exordium has 
ever been regarded as a master-piece of its kind, and has been closely imitated by subse- 
quent writers, among whom may be mentioned, Procop. in orat Gepid., and Sallust BelL 
Jug. Compare also the oration of the Campanians. Livy, Yll. 30. 

1. AUaiov. . . .dvabida^ai. The order is : BiKaiov tovs TJKovras Trapa 
Tovs TreXa?, oos Koi fjfxeTs vvv^ Bcrja-ofxevovs iniKovpias^ M'''^ cvepyealas 
— 7rpov(f)€i\op,€vr]s (sc. v(^' vfiav ^ A^irjvaLcov) duabtba^ai. Poppo, Goeller, 

Arnold, and Bloomfield edit. 7rpoo(j)€ikon€VT]s. Trapa tovs TreXa?, ad 

alios^ i. e. to those with whom intercourse is had. aairep Ka\ T]fie7s^ 

BC. Seo/xe3a. der]crop,evovs marks the purpose of fJKovTas. K. § 312. 

4r. c ; S. § 225. 5. amSiSa|at, to maTce it clearly (ava-) appear. 

TrpcoTop — eVrcira. Betvp-een these correlative particles, we find 

two other corresponding conjunctions, naXiara fikv and ti be jif], 



^vficfiopa (sc. Berjixara. Jelf 's Kiihn. §§ 529. Ods. 1 ; 583, 45) is con- 
nected by the preceding Ka\ to the antithetic clause on ye (at least) ovk 
eTTiCrjpiia. — ^ oTi belongs to heovraL repeated from the preceding clause. 

rr]v x^P'-^ /SejSaioi/ e^ovatv^ they shall have the favor secure (to be 

returned when needed) = shall do a favor not to he forgotten. There 



238 NOTES. [BooKl 

is here a change of subject, which, however, is only rhetorical, since 
th3 expression = tTiey (i. e. the persons benefited) will not forget 
the favor 'bestowed. This appears to be the view taken by the Schol^ 
who explains x^P^" 1^7 avrixapiv. Cf. ti)v x«P'J' Kara'^e^a'Se^ I. 83. § 1, 
with the explanation given in the note. Poppo prefers the common 
interpretation : (qui societatem petant) etiamfirmam gratiam TiaMtu- 
ros^ will acTcnowledge their lasting obligations. This interpretation 
involves no change of subject, and therefore by some may be pre- 
ferred to the one above given. /3e/3aios in Thucydides is an ad- 
jective of two terminations. o-a(f>es Karaarfjaovai = aa(f)es (clear) 

TToirjaovcn. /xjj opyi^ea^icu depends on biKaiov. 

2. KepKvpatoL. . , jjfias. Construct: Kepicvpaioi a.7r((TT€i\au r]p.as 
TTicrTevoirreSi {kto. t?}? aiTrjcreois ttJs ^vp.pa)(Las Trape'^ftrSai ravra e^vpa 
v/iti/, tJie Corcyrceans ham sent us^ trusting that while we ask the alli- 
ance (literally, with the ashing of the alliance\ we shall establish these 
points to your satisfaction (literally, sJiall maJce these points sure to 
you), rjp.lv is the dat. commodi. K. § 284. 3. E. 4. 

3. T€Ti)xr]<^" • -^^^H-^opov, but it lias happened (= it is our for- 
tune) that the same custom^ (when considered) in relation to {is^ K. 
§ 290. 2. 3. c) our present request is irrational in your view (npos vfxas, 
K. § 298. III. 3. e), and prejudiciul to the present posture of our affairs. 
The (TnTr]8(vp.a here spoken of, was that of making no allies, and ot 
minding their own interests only. This appears from the following 
section, introduced by yap (epexegetical). ov is often omitted after 
Tvyxavo). K. § 311. R. 5; Mt. § 553. d. Ohs. 1. Ttpos vpas is to be 
joined with aXo-yoj/, and not with is ttjv ;(peiaj/ Jjpiv, iclien viewed 
with reference to our interests as it regards you^ as some interpret the 
passage. xP^'*-°^ ^^ ^ request resulting from necessity. xipXv = rjpwv^ i. e. 
rjpfTepav. Some, with Arnold, may prefer to make rjplv depend upon 

TCTvxnue. The sense would not be altered. cs toe t}p.eTepa avriov^ 

in reference to our interest. 

4. ^vp.paxoL. . . .TJxopev explains oKoyov in the preceding section, 

and KOI ap.a Ka'^earapev is exegetical of a^vp(l>opov. Some refer 

both clauses to each of the above mentioned adjectives. iv rS 

npo Tov, i. e. eV T(o irpb tov xP°^^ (fully written in II. 58. § 2 ; T3. 

§ 3), in the time before this ■= aforetime. Uovaioi., voluntarily. 

TovTO^ i. e. ^vpp.axoi cJvai. eprjpoi of helpers. di avTo^ 

.. e. because they had formed no alliances. The subject of nepie- 

(nrjKev is 17. . . .aco(f)poavin] (prudent moderation. Poppo), with which 

TO. . . . ^vyKivBvpevcLv is in ipexegetical apposition (K. § 226. R. 3). 

TTj TOV niXas yvoiprj, " aliorum arbitratu." Poppo. a^ovXia 



is thought to refer to uXoyov^ and daSeVem to d^vpc})opov. (f)ai- 



Chap. XXXH.] NOTES. 239 

vofxevrj depends on TZf pua-TtjKav in the sense of els t6 <fiaive(r^au, has 
turned out to de manifestly d^ovXia koI da?ieveia. 

5. ovv is here resumptive of the thought which was partially inter- 
rupted by §§ 8, 4, the orator now proceeding to give the reason why 
the Corcyrseans, although victorious in the former battle, applied to 

the Athenians for aid. In this use, ovv = I say then. vavixax^av — 

oTj-f wo-a/ieSa Kopiv'^iovs. After the analogy of viKaa (S. § 184. IST. 1), 
0770)360) is here followed by two accusatives, we defeated the Corin- 
thians in a sea-fight. Of. Mt. §§ 409. 3 ; 421. N. 3 ; Bernh. Synt. p. 
121. It is strange that this should have been overlooked by such 
critics as Ilaack, Goeller, and Bloomfield, and that the old method of 
supplying a preposition should have been resorted to in constructing 

vavyiaxi-av. Kara fiovas strengthens avToi, " alone dy ourselves.^'' 

de in cVfiSi) be responds to fiev in the preceding proposition. 

Tjfxe7s dbvvaTOL opcofxev owey, we saw that we were unable. The partici- 
ple after olba., when it refers to the subject of the verb, may be put 
either in the nominative, or in the accusative to agree with the reflex- 
ive pronoun. Cf. S. § 225. N. 2. c ; K. § 810. 4. a. nepiyevear'^ai 

the Corinthians. Portus refers 6 Kivbwos to Greece at large, but 

Bloomf. thinks that the danger to Athens is hinted at, which in the 

course of the oration is prominently brought forward. vtt avTo7s^ 

under them, i. e. in their power. ^vyyvajxr] (sc. ea-n rjplv)^ we are 

cxcusaMe. el fxr]. , . . T6Xp.u>iJ.ev. Poppo refers fiera KaKias and 86^t]s 

. , . .afxapTia to ToXncofieu, and constructs and explains: el (ort) rrj 
Trporepov uTrpaypLOcrvvy] evavria bpa>pev, {etnep rovro noLovpeu) prj pera 
KUKias (= KaKOL ovres) bo^rjs he paXXov apapria (= aXX on 86^r]s rjpdp- 
ropev). On the reference of el and p.rj to different words, cf. Hoog. 
Or. Particles, p. 56. IV. I prefer, however, with some of the most 
able of the recent commentators, to refer pera KUKias. .. .dp,apT[a to 
dirpaypoa-vvr], because the main design of this exordium was to remove 
unfavorable impressions in respect to the past conduct of the Oorcy- 
ra3ans, rather than to apologize for their present temerity in applying 
to the Athenians for aid. pera KUKias (= KaKio), with evil intention, 
bo^Tjs dpaoTia, ly an error of judgment 



240 NOTES. [Book I 



CHAPTEE XXXIIL 

Having flnislied his exordium, the orator proceeds to shoAV tliat it •will be for the interest of 
the Athenians to famish aid to the Corcyraeans, -who being the injured party, will be less 
likely to forget the favor, than those to whom they are opposed, and -who besides have 
a powerful navy (§ 1); the Athenians are reminded, that they now enjoy the rare fortune 
of receiving, as voluntary allies, the very power whose accession to their interests they 
would have valued above much treasure (§ 2) ; and this alliance Is rendered timely by 
the war with the Lacedaemonians which now threatens the Athenians, a sure premoni- 
tion of which was the Corinthian invasion, designed as it was to break down the Corcy- 
riean power, and thus deprive the Athenians of their aid in the approaching stru^e 
(1 3) ; wherefore these plans should be anticipated and frustrated (§ 4). 

1. T] ^vvTvxia — rris Tjfierepas, the occurrence (der zufall. Poppo 
after Bredow) of our request. Bauer very strangely connects ^vvtv- 

Xta with Kara TToXXa. nparov. . . .noLrjaea^e. TLie justice of their 

cause is here slightly alluded to, but is fully argued in chaps. 34, 35. 

Its introduction served to show that the orator was by no means 

disposed to overlook so important a point, or to place the t6 <rvfi(j)opop 
before the t6 bUaiov, although it was first discussed in the oration- 
eneLTa corresponds to 7rpS)Tov /xeV, and therefore stands for tnetra be 
(K. § 322. R. 4), introducing another reason Avhy the request of the 

Corcyraeans should be granted. Be^ap-evoi, dy receiving into your 

alliance. The participle here denotes the means. See IST. on I. 9. § 1. 

a>s av fiaXiara — /caraSeTo-Se = /caraSfiorSe av ws av fiaXiaTa Kora- 

SeTo-3e, or /caraST/o-ecrSe ws av [xaXia-Ta KaraSeto-Sf , if the future indica- 
tive be preferred as corresponding better with noLTjo-ea^e. Poppo 
(Suppl. Adnot. p. 116) gives up the reading Kara'^TJa^e, which he pre- 
viously had adopted and defended. Goeller well remarks, that the 
metaphor in ^araSeTo-Se is taken from depositing money with some 

one, from whom it may be received afterwards witli interest. 

mvTLKou re. A third reason is here introduced why the request of 
the Corcyraeans should be granted, and in order to express it with 
delicacy, it is made by the connective re a part of the preceding 

proposition. /ceKrjj/LieSa is here used as a present. nXrjv rov 

Trap* vjxlv^ except yours. nXelaTov. The article is omitted for the 

same reason, probably, that re was employed as a connective instead 
of eireiTa. 

2. Tis ivTTpa^ia o-navLoiTepa {what more rare good fortune) — ov8fixia 
fvirpa^la a-Travicorepa = avrr] t] evTrpa^la (xizavLoaraTT]. Cf. Mt. § 450. 

Ohs. 2 (end). Haack would mentally supply tj iKclvrj after \vnrjpo- 

repa, referring forward to d fjv aurtTrayyeXror, which would con 



Chap. XXXIH.] NOTES. 241 

tain the explanation of the pronoun. Both he and Poppo place a 
comma after et, to connect it more plainly with avri] ndpea-riv avre- 

TrdyyeXros. ^v — BvvafXLv — avrr]. The relative clause is frequently 

put before the proposition containing the antecedent, for the sake of 
emphasis (S. § 173). hvvafjLiv belongs properly to avT-q {this same 
power\ but is put after the relative by attraction (S. § 175. 2 ; C. 
§ 525). The design of this attraction, as well as the inversion of the 
clauses, is to give the adjectival sentences a substantival character, 
while the substantive clause deprived of its principal word, becomes 

subordinate to the adjectival sentence. av rrpo — iTifx^cra(r?ie^ would 

have value teyond. The object of iriiiria-aa'^e is rjv — bvvaynv vfiiu 

npoa-yevia'^at (to de added). avTeTrdyyeXros^ Jreely^ spontaneously. 

rovs TToWovs is explained by Poppo, as referring to mankind at 

large ivulgus)^ but perhaps it is better to refer it to the other states of 
Greece. — ^ dperrjv^ reputation for virtue (evdo^Lo). The sentiment 
is, that if the Athenians accepted the alliance thus voluntarily sought 
by the Corcyrasans, they would secure for themselves a high reputa- 
tion among all the states of Greece. oh = iKeivois ovy, of which 

equivalent the antecedent limits (j^epovaa supplied from the preceding 

clause. a — dfia Travra, all which advantages together (i. e. at the 

same time). iv ra iravrX xP^^Vi " ^^^ omni tempore quod novi- 

mus=iex omnia memoria^ quum iv Travrl XP^^^ ^i^® articulo esset 

omni tempore?'' Goeller. Cf. K. § 246. 5. ^. brj strengthens 

oXi'yoiy, very few. oh = eKelvois ovy, the antecedent limiting 

bidovres. daffidXeiav refers back to laxvv^ and Koo-fiov to dpeTTjv* 

olx r]craov — 7, not less — than = as well as. 

3. Tov be TrdXe/xoi/, dut as to the war^ is properly in apposition with 

Tovrov the omitted subject of eVeo-Sat. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 581. 1. 

yvQ)pr]s apaprdpei, he errs in judgment. Bloomf. says that tlie meta- 
phor is taken from archery. ola'^dveTaL rovs AaKebatfiovLovs — 

TToXenTja-eiouTas (a desiderative word, S. § 143). See JST. on I. 26. § 3 

(init.). Trap' avrols^ in their (i. e. the Lacedaemonian) estimation 

(K. § 297. II. 2). Cf. II. 29. § 1 ; YI. 59. § 3. We find the varied 
expressions /xe3' avrbv in II. 101. § 5, and iv toIs TrpotTois in IV. 105. 

§ 1. tf rfjv vfierepav (S. §162) inixclprjo-iv. "Port, recte vertit 

ad vos invadendos?'' Poppo. The object of the orator is to show, that 
the plan of the Corinthians and their allies, is, first to break down the 
power of the Corcyraaans, and then to attack the Athenians, thus pre- 
venting them from an union against the encroachments of the Com- 
mon enemy. This will serve to explain Iva.. .. aTcofj-ev which follows. 
— — nr]be bvolu, . . .^e^aioioraa-'^ai. Various interpretations have been 
given to this passage, which for brevity's sake I must omit, and con- 

11 



242 NOTES. [BooKl 

tent myself with giving the one which, on the whole, appears to me 
to be encompassed with the fewest difficulties. Hermann de Ellip. et 
Pleon. p. 142 explains it: ^ rod (^^da-ai rjfias KOKcoaai, rj Tov o-cfids 
avTovs ^e^aiaxraa'^ai, and supposes that to avoid this repetition, 
(p'^da-ai was put once in the preceding clause. This, as I . conceive, 
unfolds the true sense. The construction would then be : firjbe 8voip 
dfidpraai (= that they may certainly attain to one of the two ohjects)^ 
(fi'^daai (aurd), rj KOKaaai — ^ ^e^aLwaaa'^aL (=: t; (^^da-ai KaKoxrai rj 
^Sdcrai ^e^aiai(ra(r^ai\ either to he hefarehand^ in humbling ics^ or in 
strengthening their own 'power, cji^idveiv is usually constructed with a 
participle. 

4. r]fi€Tepov S' av epyov TrpoTeprjcrai^ it is our business then to anti- 
cipate them. TU)v p,ev bibovroiv^ sc. rjfjLcop referring to the Corcy- 

rseans. irpoeinfiovXevcLv and dvreTri/SouXeJeii/, Bloomf. well renders 

foreplot and counterplot. 



CHAPTER XXXIV. 

The orator now passes from a consideration of the advantages resulting from the pro- 
posed alliance, to a discussion of the justice of their suit, against which it is no argu- 
ment that they were colonists of the Corinthians, since their alienation has resulted 
from the ill-usage which they have received from the parent state (§ 1) ; this is tacitly 
admitted by the Corinthians, in their declining to submit the diflaculties to a judicial 
investigation (§ 2) ; the conduct of the Corinthians towards those connected to them 
by the ties of consanguinity, should admonish the Athenians of what they may expect, 
_f they enter into a league with them (§ 3). 

1. XiyoicTLv refers to the Corinthian deputies. pa'^ertoa-av^ let 

tJiem learn from experience. Trdo-xovtra, sc. vno rrjs prjrponoXecos. 

This appears from npa rrjv pr^rpoiTokiv which follows. eVi rw — 

ehai^ with a'mew to he. eVt here denotes condition. Cf. K. § 296. 11. 3. 

b. bovkoi and 6/xoToi are in the nominative after timt, because its 

subject is the same as the principal subject of the sentence. K. § 305. 
2 ; S. § 224. rois Xeiiropevois^ i. e. the citizens of the parent state. 

2. 0)$- fie rjbiKovv^ SC. ol KopiVSiot. The course of reasoning made 
use of by the speaker, may be reduced to a syllogism: The state 
which ill-treats its colonies, can make no objection, on the score of 
justice, to their putting themselves under the protection of another 
state — the Corinthians have ill-treated us — therefore they can make 
no objection, etc. The minor term of this syllogism the orator 
proves, from the virtual confession of ill-doing made by the Corinthi- 
ans, in their refusal to submit the affair to arbitration. 7rpoK\r}- 

t}evT€s yap TTcpl 'Embdfivoy^ is Kpicrip. Of. I. 28. § 2. tao) as op- 



OnAP. XXXV.] NOTES. 243 

posed to TTo'Xefico signifies fair and peaceful measures. /AereXScTi/, 

to^ prosecute. 

3. vfi7p is the dat. commodi. reKixrjptouj sign^ here warning. 

coo-re denotes the result of vfxlv. . . .reKfxrjpLov. "When the effect 

is to be represented as conceived merely, the infinitive is employed 
after wore, otherwise the indicative or optative. Of. Mt. §§531. N. 2; 
341. 2. 3 ; S. § 217. 3. — — aTrar?;, fraud^ triclcery^ here sopMstry. 
Opposed to this is Ik toO cuSeos, in a straight-forward manner^ openly. 
These last words are to be joined to beoyLevois^ and not to /x?) vnovp- 
yetj/, in the sense of immediately ^ at once^ as is done by some interpre- 
ters. A little reflection on the passage must convince any one, that 
the antithesis lies in arrdrT/ and ck tov euSeo?, and not in the infini- 
tives, which in such a case would be the mere repetition of the same 

idea varied in words only. 6 yap iXaxia-ras ras fierafxekeias — 

Xaix^ducov (= fierafieXarat), for lie who repents the seldomest. The 
Schol. says that this is put for 6 /zt^S' oXtus {not at all) Xafx^dvav 

fierafieXecav. d(r(paXe(rTaTos, sc. wv, which is sometimes omitted 

Hfter biaTeXelp. K. § 311. K. 5. 



CHAPTER XXXV. 

.\n alliance with the Corcyraeans would be no infringement, on the part of the Athenians, 
of any treaty with the Lacedaemonians (§ 1); for states, which (like Corcyra) have 
entered into no confederation, may select whomsoever they please as allies (§ 2) ; and 
it would be unjust for the Corcyrceans not to have the same privilege as the Corinthians, 
who were summoning auxiliaries to their aid from ail parts of Greece (§§ 3, 4) ; allusion 
is again made to the advantages of the proposed alliance, especially to the accession of 
naval power, which the Athenians would thus obtain (§ 6). 

1. Xvarere (nrovBds. Miiller (Dorians I. p. 214) says that the de- 
fensive treaty with Corcyra, engaged in a war with its mother country, 
was, according to ancient Greek principles, wholly unlawful and unjust. 

2. ip dtiraiy, i. e. in the thirty years' truce. Of. I. 115. § 1. 

rJTis = et ris (S. § 215. N. 7), and is therefore accompanied by fxr]dafxo£ 

instead of ovSa/xoO. K. § 318. 3. e'leTmi, Butt. (§ 150. p. 442) 

remarks that "eWori refers to the physical possibility, it is possible; 
€^€(TTip^ to the moral, it is lawful, one may ; Zo-tl stands indefinite 
between the two, it may or can he done.'''' Sometimes these meanings 

are interchanged for rhetorical purposes. ivap .... eX^elp. Fully 

written it would be : eXSeli/ Trap' eKeiPovs Trap* orrorepovs (eXSfii') au 

apeo-KrjTai. In respect to this article in the thirty years' truce, Miiller 
1. p. 214. N.) says that its meaning can only be : states not include^ 



244 NOTES. [BookV 

in the alliance may join whichever side they please, by which means 
they come within the treaty, and the alliance guarantees their safety. 
But if a state already at war with another state, party to the treaty 
(ej/o-TToi/Sof), is assisted, a war of this description is Uke one undertaken 
by the confederacy of the assisting state. 

3. Koi deivou el Totade fxev—rjixas be. The construction of deivbv 
is only suited to the second of these clauses, the other being thrown 
in to heighten by contrast the effect of the second. It was not el 
rotcrSe .... VTrqKoutv which was bewov^ but ^/xay Se . . . . oj(f)e\eias (i. 6. that 
the privilege just spoken of should not be granted to the Corcyrseans). 

Of. Mt. § 622. 4 ; Butt. § 149. p. 426. dno tS>v evan6p8a>v, from thi 

itates confederate with then\ from tJieir confederates. eo-rat. See 

N. on i^elvai^ § 1 supra. v7n]K6a>p. The Schol. says that the Pa- 

lians of Cephallenia are meant, as they were subjects of the Atheni- 
ans. Cf. I. 27. § 2. irpoKeLfxevrjr, proposed^ i. e. the one now under 

consideration. Some render it, present, in hand. elra. The old 

commentators and editors place a period after uxpeXeias^ Poppo and 
Bloomf. a colon. In either case elra is used in the way ot reproach 
and may be rendered, and yet, and nevertheless. See Arnold's Gr. 
Prose Compos, p. 140. Sj^o-ovrat has here a transitive signification. 

4. TToXv he iv nXeiovL is for iv 8e ttoXv TrXeLovt,. alria — e^ofiev 

= aiTicofie^ia. ovx orras (= oox ottcos ov) — aXka Kal, not only not 

— l)ut even, is a formula by which antithetic clauses are strongly op- 
posed to each other. K. § 321. 3. b ; Kr. § 67. 14. N. 3. ex^p5>v. 

The Corinthians had taken it ill, that the Athenians supported the Me- 
gareans in a war which arose between these two states subsequent to 

the Persian war. eniopTcov (sc. Ka3' rjfi5>v) is opposed to Kivdwev- 

oPTos in the preceding proposition. 7r«pio\//'ecr3e. See N. on nepto- 

pav, I. 24. § 6. ^p ov dUaiop, sc. npoaXajSelp Kopip^iovs. d\X rj. 

Supply hiKaiop eoTL from the preceding context. KaKeipoop depends 

on /xio-So^dpovff, and not upon kcoXvclp, the sense being, to prohibit 
their mercenaries from being raised out of your country, and not to 

prohibit your mercenaries from them. /caS' o,ti, {as far as) av 

TTcio-S^Tf, " quatenus wbis persuasum fuerit. Poterant enim modice, 
poterant clanculum, non aperte, nee magnis viribus Corcyrajis opitula- 

ri." Haack. otto tov 7rpo(f)apovs^ openly. This shows that a secret 

mode of assistance was hinted at in the preceding clause, and hence 
between diro tov 'npo(\>apovs and koS' o,ti, there is a sort of antithesis. 

5. TToXXa — TO. ^vp.<^epoPTa (SC. opra. Cf. K. § 310. R. 5) dirobeiKPV 
aep, we shoio (= have to show, can shoic) that the advantages are many. 

See N. on beUpvyn, I. 26. § 2. ip dpxfi of the oration, especially 

in chap. 33. rnup, i. e. the Corcyrieans and the Athenians. 



Chap. XXXVL] NOTES. 245 

^a-av. The tense conforms to vTretVo/xev instead of dTrobeiKWfiev. So 
Arnold correctly explains : " TT^ sap, as we said defore^ that we have 
doth the same enemies. Thucydides has expressed it a little diiferently ' 
we say what ice said defore, (viz.) that we had hoth the same enemies.'^ 

onep (==id quod) refers to the idea contained in ot re. . . .rjtrav 

and oTrep a-a^ecTrdTr] Tvlaris {pigniis jidei) is to he regarded as a sub- 
stantival adjective sentence. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 836. 2. \i^ra- 

sTTavras, deserters (when considered in relation to the Corcyrasans), and 
seceders, if the Athenians he considered as referred to. That it might 
refer to the latter as well as to the former state is evident, for to with- 
draw from one confederacy and to pass over to another, was an avow- 
al of hostility, followed almost necessarily*hy war. Haack makes 

iav to depend on diacfyepet {^vficfiepcc. Arnold), elicited from ovx ofioia 
in the preceding proposition. Goeller makes dWa stand in the place 
of KQL, and refers the infinitive back to dXXa diKaiov fj in dXX ^ (§ 4 
supra). I prefer with Kiihner (Jelf's edit. § 671. 3) to supply SeT or 
Xpr]. In such cases, it becomes a general expression of necessity or of 

something to be done. ei de prj, hut if otherwise, i. e. if what 

has just been said is impossible. ixvpoararos in respect to a navy. 



CHAPTER XXXVI. 

The argument in favor of the utility of the proposed alliance is continued. If the Athe- 
nians fear a rupture with theLacedaemonians, such a fear, accompanied with strength, will 
intimidate the foe more than courage or confidence, unaccompanied by so powerful an 
ally as is now offered to them (§ 1) ; the argument is strengtliened by a reference to the 
favorable situation of Corcyra, in respect to hindering the approach to Peloponnesus of 
any navy from Italy or Sicily (§ 2) ; in brief, if the Corcyrasan navy is not united to that 
of the Athenians, it will be seized upon by the only other naval force in Greece (viz. 
the Corinthian), and thus in the end be opposed to the Athenians (§ 3). 

1. TO — SeStoy avTov, his fear ; literally, his hein^ afraid in respect 
to breaking the treaty, ro 8e8t6s = to beduvai. So to ?iaparovv = 
TO '^apaelv (K. § 263. a. y), and refers to such confidence of the Athe- 
nians in the observance of the treaty, and in their own resources, as 
would lead them to reject the proffered alliance of the Corcyra3ans, 
and enter single-handed into the contest which was evidently ap- 
proaching. This would be an object of less dread to their powerful 
enemies (iV^voi/ray tovs €x^povs\ than a fear on the part of the Athe- 
nians of breaking the treaty, overbalanced by the desire to unite to 
their arms so powerful an ally as the Corcyrsean state. It must bo 



246 NOTES. [Bock 

borne in mind, that the fear here spoken of is, lest the treaty should 
bo broken, and the conjidence^ that it would not be broken and that 
war would not ensue. From the second member of the antithesis (jb 
Se Saptrovj/... •eVo/icwj'), Bloomf. WOuld supply with TO bebib^ avTov 
laxvp Zxov in the first member, the words de^afiivov j]fias. For the 

construction of (fio^rjaov with yj/corco, see N". on I. 25. § 1 (init.) ' 

^f] de^afxevov^ if he does not receive us. fxr} is used with the participle, 
when it can be resolved into a conditional clause. K. §318. 5; S. 
|§ 225. 6 ; 229. 3. oo-Sevey, i. e. comparatively weak in conse- 
quence of the rejection of a powerful ally. ddeearepov, non far^ 

midandum^ or as Goeller translates, minus formidandum. ^ovXev- 

6fi€uos. Repeat yvcbrc*. » orav. . . .TroXe/iov, wJien in reference to an 

ajjproacliing and almost present war. oa-ov ou, all iut. to avTUa. 

S. §169. 1. Tvepia-KOTTOiv^ Tyy surveying. 6 . . . . TroXe/ioCrot, 

which is made a friend or an enemy at the most critical time; or 
perhaps, whose friendship or enmity is of the highest moment. 

'2i. yap introduces the proof of what was asserted in o TroXe/xoi)- 

rai. 'iraXi'as and liK^Xlas depend on irapaTrkov. Of. Jelf 's Xiihn. 

§ 502. KoKws napdirXov /ceirai, is well situated in respect to the coast- 
ing along. For Ka\a>s constructed with the genitive, cf. K. § 274. 3. 
b; Mt. § 338; S. § 195. 1. Trapdirkov is employed, because the voyage 
to Italy was made by coasting along the shores of Greece as far as the 
promontory of lapygia, at which place they crossed over to Taros. 

exeiSer, i. e. from Italy and Sicily. to re ivJilvbe (sc. vavTi- 

Kov) Trpos TOKcl TTapanepylrai^ and to send on their course (= convoy) 
any riavy sailing hence and to those countries. eVSeVSe refers to 
Greece in general, although a special reference to Athens may here be 
easily understood, since that state, probably, was well known to the 
Oorcyrseans, as having an eye on those western regions as a field for 
their ambitious plans. 

3. ^paxuraTco S' av Acec^aXaio), dut to SUM up all in the shortest 
compass, av KecpoKaicp is repeated in toS' av, in consequence of the 
intervening clause, toIs, . . .e<a(TTov. This dative accompanies /naSoire, 
denoting that from which the thing spoken of may be learnt. Cf. K. 
§ 285. 3. b. Tols ^vpnao-i k. t. X. refers to things, and not to per- 
sons: in respect to all and every particular ; '■'■'both as to generals and 
particulars.'''' Bloomf. This dative may be referred to K. § 284. 3 
(10) ; S. § 201. 4. ovTa. Tlie syntax of this participle is encom- 
passed with some diflaculty, but I like best the solution of Goeller, 
who supplies (as does Poppo after him) lo-re from the preceding 
^d'ioiTe h.v (K. § 311. 2), you hww that there are. Of the other modes 
o/" solution, one only is worth repeating, and that is, to consider the 



Chap. XXXYIL] NOTES 247 

coDJunction Se after rovroiv to be placed in the apodosis of the sen- 
tence, which would then give the sense: as there are [but] three 
navies in Greece of any account^ if then of these three^ yeu allow two 

to ie united together. koX. . . .7rpoKarakr]-^ovTaL is epexegetical, i. e. 

it denotes the manner in which the Corcyrsean and Corinthian fleets 
would be united, viz. by the subjugation of the Corey rasans to the 

Corinthians. he^ayicvoi. See N. on I. 83. § 1. e^ere — a.ya>vi- 

{■eo-Sat, you icill J)e alle to contend. TrXeioo-i, sc. tcov IleXoTrowT;- 

a-icov. Poppo, Goeller, and Haack edit rais fjiieTepais, with (= by the 
accession of) our ships^ making it depend on nXeioa-i^ as ttoXXcS does 
in the x^hrase noWS TrXeLoves. So Kriig. calls it the dative of differ- 
ence, although he retains with Bekker the old reading vaval tols ifxe' 
T€pais. But may not this dative be constructed with oytaz/i'^eo-Sat, as 
the dative of the means? oi de rocddej after them the Corin- 
thians sjialce as follows. 



CHAPTERS XXXVIL— XLIII. 

These chapters contain the reply of the Corinthians to the foregoing 
speech of the Corcyraeans. After a brief exordium (chap. 37. § 1), in which 
the charges, that the Corinthians had treated the Corcyraeans unjustly, and 
were now oppressing them with an unjust war, are alluded to as topics 
which ought first to be considered, the orator proceeds to a refutation of 
these charges (chap. ST. § 2 to chap. 39). He then shows that it would be 
a breach of the treaty with the Peloponnesians, to assist the Corcyraeans in 
this war (chap. 40), and having urged upon the Athenians a remembrance 
of the former services of the Corinthians, in assisting them against the 
Mginetdd, admonishes them that they should not be induced by motives of 
interest to commit an act of injustice (chaps. 41, 42). The speech is thcai 
closed with a brief peroration (chap. 43). 

The argumentative portion of this oration, is founded on considerations 
of justice and equity, rather than what will be for the policy of the party 
addressed. In this it differs from the oration of the Corcyraeans, the princi- 
pal object of which was to show, that the alliance would conduce to the 
interests of the Athenian state. It will readily be apprehended how appeals 
of this latter sort would influence an assembly like the one here addressed, 
composed of men whose whole thoughts were engrossed with the aggran- 
dizement of the state and the extension of its sway. In strong invective, 
biting sarcasm, bold and striking antitheses, vehement and passionate appeals 
to the moral sense of the audience, the oration of the Corinthians far sur- 
passes the preceding one, which is rather a specimen of calm, earnest reason- 
ing, than of the stormy wrath, which characterizes the one which followed. 



248 NOTES. [Book I 



CHAPTER XXXVII. 

After a brief exordium (§ 1), the orator proceeds to show, that it was not from any houo 
able motive, but from their bad character and ill nature, that the Corcyrseans had formed 
no alliance (§ 2) ; for which neutrality the situation of their city was highly favorable, inas- 
much as they could be their own judges, in cases where they had done injury (§ 3) ; the 
real groimd, therefore, of their standing aloof from alliances, was that they might commit 
njustice apart and alone, and escape detection (§ 4) ; had they been what they profess to 
be, in proportion to their being less amenable in consequence of their position, would have 
been their desire to interchange mutual offices of justice and kindness with others (§ 5). 

1. Tovbe here expresses contempt, like tlie Latin iste. Some 

may prefer, however, to take it in the sense of eWaCSa (see N. on 

I. 53. § 2). Tov \6yov = ov iTvoir](ravTO Xoyov, tov avrSiV \6yov. 

Poppo. dXX' <os Koi (= oKka Koi nepX tovtov <us), dut concerning 

this also^ Tiow that^ etc. aurot, i. e. the Corcyrseans. ixvrjcr'iev- 

Tas .... ofxfjyoTepoiv, when we also have Jirst considered (see N. on ttoXc- 
uoi5jn-er, I. 13. § 6) l)oth these points. Kal^ i. e. in hke manner with 

the Corcyraeans. ovra Ka\ commences the apodosis. Uvai (pi 

which 17/xas is the subject) depends on avayKoiov^ the words KepKvpaiav 

.... iroXepovurai being parenthetical. tov aWov Xdyoi/, the rest of 

our speech^ what we have yet to say. As the refutation of the charges 
advanced by the Corcyraeans embraces the remainder of this, together 
with the two following chapters, the aXKos Xoyos refers to the subject 

matter of chap. 40. a<^' rjpLUiv^ instead of the simple genitive 

T]p.S)v^ conforms to the verbal d^laxriv, the words ^ d(f) fjixav d^iaxris 
= T] rjpcov d^Lcoais. As opposed to xP^ '« (see N. on I. 32. § 3), d^ico- 

ais signifies a claim of right. dac^akiaTepov TrpoeiS^re, " yow may 

l)e more certainly acquainted l)eforehandP Arnold. To dacj^aXeaTepov 
employed adverbially, firj akoyla-TOis (not rashly = considerately) in 
the next proposition is opposed. 

2. (jiacri^ i. e. the Corcyrseans. 5/, noic. dia t6 o-axfypov. 

Cf. N. on arcocfipocrvvT}^ I. 32. § 4. to 5' (= tovto de. K. § 247. 

8. a) — i7r€TT)8€V(rav, whereas they practised this custom. dpcTTJ. 

"Prepositio eVi ad dp^Tfj ne cogitatione quidem repetatur necesse 

est." Poppo. /3oi;Xo/iej/ot, hecause they wished. See N. on I, 9. 

§ 4 (end). ovSe ndprvpa. Arnold with Dobree would read ovrf, 

and connect it with what follows, either as a witness (to their evil 
deeds), or to have the shame of ashing his aid (to do ill). This is sub' 
Btantially the interpretation of Bloomfield, Bauer, Haack, and Goeller 
in his last edition. But ovre responds to re before oiiSeva, and hence 
does not require any change in ovSe. Poppo refers the shame spoken 



CEAr. XXXYIL] NOTES. 249 

of, to the refusal witli whicli the overtures of alliance, made by a 
state of such notoriously bad character, would be sure to be met 
with by all the other states. I like this interpretation, because a state 
so bad as Corcyra is here represented to be, would not blush at asking 
others to be their coadjutors in wrong doing, but still might feel a 
reluctance to ask a favor, which they knew well beforehand that no 
state could honorably grant. The sense given by the Schol. is inad- 
missible, because this idea is already contained in ovSe iidprvpa ex^iv. 
Equally to be rejected is the sense given by Gottl. and Kistemm., that 
they were ashamed to ask allies, when they had acted as allies to none. 

3. avTapKT}. This epithet is applied to a city having in itself 
every thing necessary for the support of its inhabitants. So Betant 

defines it : " siM sufficiens^ per se validusy Cf II. 41. § 1. SeViy 

is to be constructed with Keifiem] as the accusative of the cognate 

notion. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 556. &. napex^t ylyvea^iai^ makes 

tliem (tliemselves) judges of those acts in which they injure any one^ 
rather than that judges should te appointed dy onutual agreement. 
This is in the main the interpretation of Poppo, Arnold, Goel., and 
Bloom f. (in his last edition), and one which after repeated exam- 
ination I am inchned to adopt. By ^vi'3j7Kay, Goel. remarks, " Thu- 
cydides intelligit pacta de litibus inter civitates per arbitros dirimen- 
dis." From the preceding clause, tovs biKaaras is to be supplied with 
yiyj/eo-Sat. Haack most strangely refers p,ak\ov to irokis — Keifievr}^ 
opportunitate urdis potius^ quain pactis^ tamquam judices sunt 
eorum^ quos loidunt. But in this interpretation, he leaves out tlvo. 
(used here collectively in the sense of Tivas)^ and, as Poppo remarks, 
reliquam structuram non expedit. hu = cKeivcov a, of which the 
relative is constructed with ^Xanrovai, whicli has in this place two 

accusatives. Cf Mt. § 415. /3 ; Butt. § 131. 5 ; K. § 280. 2. 8ia 

ro . . . . Se;^eor2!ai, i. e. Sia to avTovs ■qKiara p.tv in\ rovs neXas e/CTrXfii', 
paXi(TTa 5e tovs aWovs dex^^^'^^h "'''^ ^"7 avdyKj] iKclae KaraipovTas. 
Steph. Sict TO — hex'^a'iiai denotes the reason of Trapexei avrovs 8iKa- 
aras k. t. X. Had the Corcyrseans visited their neighbors, they would 
have received liTce for Wke ; but remaining in their well-furnished 
and independent city, they could practise with impunity any imposi- 
tion they chose, upon such as were compelled by stress of weather 
(di/ayfcT/ KaraipovTas), or for any other cause, to touch there. In this 
picture of the Corcyraean policy and conduct, there was doubtless 
much exaggeration and false coloring. eKTrXeoi/ras, wJiile they sailed. 
See N. on TroXe/zovn-ey, I. 13. § 6. 

4. Kav TovT(o. . . .acTTTOvhov — Trpo^e^Xrjvrai, = eV tovtco evfcrriv to 
evirpenes^ b Trpo^e^Xrjvrai (prcetexere solcjit. Bothe), in this consists 



250 NOTES. [Book! 

their specioiis practice of forming no alliance, wMch they pretend to^ 
i. e. this is the reason why they form no alliances, to evTrpenes aanov- 
dov = TO ao-TTovbov TO cvTrp€7r€s, " tJds sjoecioiis, fair-showing non-alli- 
ance.'''' Bloomf. iv TovT(o {=,dLa. tovto) refers to aXX oncos — dbiKuitri, 
Kol oTTcos — /3ia^(Bj/rat, nXeov e^aaLVj and dvaiaxwroxn, which follow. 
Some take evirpeTres as sarcastically spoken in the sense of decorous^ 

excellent. ovx Iva — ahX ottcos-, not that (i. e. not with the design 

that) — l)ut that. Goeller has a long note on the hyperbaton which 
he finds here. But it is very common in this formula, to place the 

negative clause first in order, and is evidently more emphatic. 

Kara fiovas. See iT. on I. 32. § 5. Haack sajs that iv J. . . .dvai- 

(TxvvTaxTL explains the preceding clause, ojrais kuto. fxovas, and further 
remarks : eadem respondent superioribus illis : ^vfinaxov re ovbiva 

. . . .ala-xyvea'^ai. iv J, whenever, ov has also the same meaning. 

dvaL(TxvvToi(n.^ may practise their impudence either in denying the 

charge of rapine, or in admitting it, and impudently braving it out. 
The first of these is preferable, inasmuch as the whole argument is, to 
show that the Oorcyraeans wished their deeds of violence to remain 
concealed. Arnold paraphrases : may le spared their Mushes, as there 
are none to witness them. 

5. KaiVoi, and yet certainly. aXT/Trrorfpoi — toIs ireXas, lite- 
rally, Jiard to de talcen hy others., inaccessihle to any attach = less 
amenaMe to others. Cf. I. 82. § 4 ; 143. § 5. For the construction of 

Tols TrfKas, cf. K. § 284. 3. (11) ; S. § 206. 4. bi^oio-i St/cata, in 

giving a/nd receiving what is just and equitahle, or, if the expression 
be taken in a forensic sense, in doing justice., and in receiving it 
willingly at the Imnd of others. These participles belong to deiKvCvai 
as denoting the means. Cf. IST. on I. 9. S 1. 



CHAPTER XXXYIII. 

TLe Corcyraans are charged with not having acted towards the Corinthians in a just and 
becoming manner (§ 1) ; for the Corinthians, as their founders, were entitled to their 
respect and obedience (§ 2) ; and that this was rendered them by their other colonic? 
was a proof both of their own moderation and the injustice of the Corcyneans (§§ 3, 4) 
even if the mother country had been in the wrong, it would have been honorable for the 
colony to have submitted, but, so far from this having been the case, the colony was tho 
aggressive party (§§ 5, 6). 

1. roio/Se, i. e. such persons as are willing to reciprocate acts of 

justice. Cf. I. 37. § 5. oj/res, although they are. See N. on I. 7. 

I 1. dcpea-Taa-i^ stand aloof = have stood aloof inasmuch as tho 



Chap. XXXYHL] NOTES. 251 

action belongs to tlie past, and also extends to tlie present. Cf. K. 

§ 255. R. 1. 8ia TvavTos^ contimcally^ is opposed to the idea that 

this was the first and only instance of hostility on the part of the 

Oorcyrseans. as — e/cTre/i^Sei'r/o-ai', that they  were not sent out as 

colonists. Allusion is made to what the Oorcyrseans said in I. 34. § 1, 
the note on which passage will explain the use of eVl in eVt rw kukcos 

2. r]fx€7s de ovb' avToi (f)afi€v, hut we deny (K. § 318. R. 4). avTol 
gives to vfiels an exclusive sense, we oursehes (S. § 160. 4. a), what- 
ever they may think or say. KaroiKKrai at great expense and 

pains. ra dKora Saujtia^ecrSat, to he loolced ujp to with due respect, 

TO. cLKOTa is to be taken adverbially, and refers to the honors enume- 
rated in I. 25. §§ 3, 4. Betant defines Sau/ici^eti', cultu et ohser'cantia 
prosequi. Cf. III. 39. § 5. 

3. yovv. See IsT. on I. 2. § 5. f]}ias Ka\ fxakio-Ta., and we espe- 
cially of the Grecian states. Miiller remarks (Dorians, I. p. 132. N. 
b), that her other colonies showed a remarkable obedience to Corinth. 

o-repyd/LieSa. This verb is used primarily to denote the mutual 

love of parents and children, and hence by an easy transition, the 
afiection between a king and his people, a country and its colonies. 
Sometimes it designates conjugal affection, and is therefore a stronger 
term than ayanao) or (piXeco. 

4. Tois irXeoa-iv of the colonies. av — ovk op'^oos anapea-Koiixev. 

The optative with av follows ei with the indicative, when a settled 
conviction is to be politely expressed with a shade of doubt. Here, the 
idea is: if we are acceptable to the rest of the colonies^ we cannot-with 
reason he disagreeahle to them alone^ but perhaps we are not accept- 
able. Cf. K. § 339. 3. a ; S. § 215. 1. oiS' inia-rpaTevoinev eWpe- 

TToiy, nor that we would maJoe war unreasonably. Haack very correctly 
makes eTna-Tparevoifiev depend on oti^ which with av is to be repeated 
from the previous context. In respect to the apparent disagreement 

of eKTrpenas with fif) d8LKovp.€Poi^ unless we had been greatly injured^ 

I am pleased with the citation by Arnold of the line in Shakspeare's 
Julius Csesar, which before it was altered, as it has been in the recent 
editions (because it was ridiculed by Ben Jonson), ran thus : 

"Csesar doth never wrong but with jxist cause;" 

which means, that although Ca3sar does what may seem hard or 
wrong to an individual, yet he does it not without just cause, and 

therefore it is not really Avrong. abiKovp.evoL. Herra. on Soph. 

Elect. 47, says that here is indicated a present effect of a past action. 
5. KoKbv 8' 7/1/, it had been becoming = it would have been becowr 



252 NOTES. [BoDKl 

ing, there being an ellipsis of hv (K. § 260. K. 3). — ef^at, to hau 
yielded^ given way to. This infinitive is properly the subject of rjv. 

S. § 222. 1. r]yuv he alaxpov. Regularity of construction would 

have demanded rjfitp de /n) jSida-aa^ai in dependence upon Kokov 8' 
^j/, or that aXXa Toicrbe fxev koXou tjv should have preceded. The be 
after rjixiv corresponds to the previous /xeV, but is constructed as though 

/*€!/ had been in the clause koKov 8' ^i/. nerpioTTjTa, moderation^ 

^^ modestiam.^^ Bothe. 

6. e^ovala nXovrov, tJie power of wealth. Some translate, license of 
wealth, i. e. the insolence of authority which wealth confers upon the 
possessor. But cf. I. 16. § 1 ; 123. § 1 ; III. 45. § 4; VI. 31. § 4, in 
which passages the idea of power is most relevant to the sense. Both 

e^ovaia and v^pei belong to TjnapTfjKaari as the dative of cause. 

aXXa in reference to the particular injury alluded to in what follows. 

KaKOVjJLevrju. See N. on fivTjo-^evras., I. 87. § 1. ov TTpocrenoi- 

ovvTo, " 7ion concilia'bant siM beneficio." Bothe. See N. on I. 57. 

§ 4. eX'^ovrav be rjfxoov, hut when we went. See N. just cited. 

iXovres ^ia exovai, they forcibly seized and still retain; literally, 
having forcibly seized it, they keep possession of it. 



CHAPTER XXXIX. 

The orator proceeds to reply to what the Corcyrseans had said, respecting their offer to 
submit the affair to arbitration (I. 84. § 2), by saying that this offer ^as worthy of no 
attention, inasmuch as it was proffered after they had secured the advantage in negotia- 
tion of having obtained the upper hand (§ 1) ; the wrong done by them in respect to 
Epidamnus, was aggravated by their application to the Athenians to become in fact 
partieipators in their wrong doing (§ 2) ; which application ought to have been made 
before they bad been brought into peril by their acts of Injustice (§ 3). 

1. 8^ is here used ironically in the r-ense oi forsooth, the particle of 
certainty being employed in respect to that, which in the estimation of 
the Corinthians was doubtful, at least so far as related to the honesty 

of the Corcyr^ean proposal referred to. St'*:?/ — Kplvea'^ai, to de tried 

in a legal manner, to submit the cause to trial. Cf. I. 28. § 5 ; 78. § 4 ; 
86. § 3 ; II. 58. § 4 ; III. 67. § 5, in all which places bUr) is used of a 

legal investigation. t]v ye bel, he ought not to be considered as 

saying any thing to the purpose, who makes this offer (to submit to ar- 
bitration), at least when he has the advantage and is in safety (as to tlie 
result). Such is the interpretation which, on the whole, I would give 
to this most difficult passage. In this translation it will be seen that 
^v (= ak\a Tovnjv. Mt. § 477) is made to depend on TrpoKoKovuevov 



Chap. XXXIX] NOTES 253 

•(K. § 278. 4), to which also the article t6i oelongs. Trpovxovra and c/c 
Tov da-cjiaXovs are to be taken with irpoKoXovfxevov, and denote the 
circumstances in which the offer to submit to the proposed arbitra- 
tion was made (S. § 225. 2; K. §§ 312. 4. a ; 288. 3. g). Xeyeiv rt, to 

speah sometMng of importance^ or to the purpose. hoKdv has for 

its subject eKelvou contained in t6v — TrpoKoKovfievov {= cKelvov os npo- 

KoXelrai. S. § 225. 1). For the construction of Sel, cf. S. 222. 1. 

aXXa. . . ./caStorai/ra, iut Ae (should be thought to speak to the pur- 
pose), who, before lie contends in law, makes his actions and his words 
equally conduce to equity. I have been much perplexed in respect to 
this sentence. If with Goeller and Portus we render es ta-ov. . . . 
Xoyouf , facta verHs equat ; or if with Bloomf. we make h Xaov de- 
note a similarity between the words and actions, then of what use is 
ofioltos ? Where also is the antithesis, which we should expect to find 
between this sentence and the one which precedes it ? It appears to 
me that to Trpovxovra koI ck tov da(f)aXovs, which denotes the unequal 
condition of the parties, is 'iaov is antithetic, and denotes an equality 
in position as well as in words, which ought to subsist between them. 
The words of the Corcyraeans were fair and equitable, but their 
actions in laying siege to Epidamnus, and in provoking a war with the 
Corinthians, made all their professions of desire for amicable settle- 
ment nugatory, inasmuch as the parties were placed in very unequal 
positions. With this view I find that Poppo harmonizes, in his ap- 
probatory citation of Oasa's interpretation : qui factis pariter atque 
oratione cequitatem retinet. So also Haack : facta non minus quam 
terha ita tamquam in integrum deducere.^ ut nil commodi prm altera 
habeas. Poppo renders irpXv diayaviCea'^at (S. § 223. § 3), priusquam 
helium gerere incipiat, in order that it may harmonize with ov irpXv 
TToXiopKelv which foUows. But these words last quoted, contain the 
application of the general principle, laid down in the foregoing words, 
to the conduct of the Corcyraeans in the present affair. As that gen- 
eral proposition has reference to judicial proceedings, and as diayoovi- 
fecrSai corresponds to irpoKaXovixevov in the previous clause, I prefer 
with the Schol. and Betant, to take this verb in a forensic sense, be- 
fore they come to trial, or contend in a suit at law. 

2. TO x^ptoi'i i- ^' Epidamnus. iT€pi6-<^ea'^ai. See N. on I. 35. 

§ 4. TO evTrpenes. See N. on I. 37. § 4. napea-xovTo. Goeller 

says: Trapex^a'^aL est verbis, napex^iv re offerre. ov roKet fiovop 

avToi, i. e. povov avTo\ TaKel. It will readily be seen that avTol and 

vpds are opposed to each other. d^iovm-es depends on rJKovaiv^ 

they have come to ash. S. § 225. 5. ^vva8iK€7v, to assist them in 

doiiig wrong, to be tJieir coadjutors in wiclcedness. Notice the allitera- 



254 l^OTES. [Book I. 

tion in this word and ^vjiiiax'uv. 8ia(f)6povs ovras r]fuv^ 1ecaus6 , 

(see N. on I. 9. § 4 end) they are our enemies. I see not how Poppo 
can make diac})6povs ovras equivalent to coare vfias diacjiopovs eivm. 
Reference is evidently had to what was said by the Corcyraaans (I. 33. 
§ 3), that the Corinthians were hostile to the Athenians, and therefore 
the proposed alliance should be accepted, in order that the encroach- 
ments of the common enemy might be the better resisted. The argu- 
ment of the Oorcyrseans stands thus : the Corinthians are enemies of 
the Athenians ; the Corcyraoans are hostile to the Corinthians, and 
should therefore be received into alliance by the Athenians, in view 
of the inevitably approaching war with Corinth. 

3. oils' is the subject of npoa-uvaL. ore a.(T(f)ciXe(TTaTOL rja-av. 

At first sight, the sentiment here seems to conflict with that expressed 
in rjv ye..., del (§1 supra). But no disagreement whatever exists, 
for here the argument is against the deferment, on the part of the 
Corcyra3ans, to ask aid of the Athenians to the time when they were 
threatened with the perils of war (ovtoi de Kivdwevova-i) ; but there, 
against the procrastination of their offer to submit to arbitration, until 
they had secured a vantage ground, which would prejudice the suit in 
their favor. Bothe prefers, instead of da-cfiaXecrTaToi^ the comparative 
da-cjxiKeo-Tepoi with the sense of the positive (Mt. § 457), as correspond- 
ing better with ovtol Kivdwevovcri to which it is opposed. npocr- 

ihai to you for aid. iu «, when. t^s re. . . . peraXa^ovTcs^ 

iDho did not then (i. e. ore dacfiakea-TaToi ^crav) share their power. For 
the participial "construction, see N". on oKrey, I. 8. § 1. Reference is 
had here, as the Schol. remarks, to the war with the Samians (cf. I. 
115. 116), and ^ginetai (I. 105), when the Athenians stood greatly in 
need of assistance, and to have shared the Corcyrsean power would 

have been of eminent advantage to them. [xeraXa^ovTes — fteraSo)- 

orre. See N. on ^vfinaxelv and ^vva8LKe7p (§ 2 supra). tcop apap- 

rrjpdroiv dnoyevopevoi (= yeuopevoL dno rcov apaprrjpdTcov). although 
disconnected with (literally, far away from. K. § 288. 1. (1) b) their 

faults. In respect to the participle, see IsT. on oVres-, I. 7. § 1. 

nlrlas to to-ov, an equal degree of Name. S. § 188. 1. Koivixrav 

ray, l/y having shared. See N. on I. 9. § 1 (init.). kolvu '^X'^t-v-, 

they should share the consequences = the results should de common to 
both parties, ovs XPW is to be repeated before e;^eii/, inasmuch as this 
is a condensed and emphatic repetition of what has just before been 
said. Haack and Bothe refer the whole clause to the Athenians, 
which would give the sense : the results (of their crimes) you should 
share in common with them^ "by having long ago participated also in 
their power. But this transition is unnecessary, since by referring it 



:nAP. XL.] NOTES. 255 

to the Corcyrasai^ft, i^c. same idea is reached, viz. that in order to in- 
volve the Athf^AJIgjis in the consequences of the prosperity of the Cor- 
cyra3ans, it "vw.*s proxier that they should have also shared in the pros- 
perity itself. Besides I kuow of no instance, where koivoco in the 
active signifies to participate in, this sense being confined to the mid- 
dle^ which then frequently takes the genitive. 



CHAPTER XL. 

Moving thus dispose*) jf the arguments of the GorcyrfPans, the orator proceeds to show, 
that they cannot be received Avith justice into the alliance of the Athenians (§ 1) ; for 
what is said in the treaty, that neutral states may join whichsoever party in the confed- 
eracy they please, has no application to the present case, an alliance with one party be« 
ing here sought to the injury of the other (§§ 2, 3) ; they should, therefore, either stand 
aloof from both the Corcyrieans and Corinthians, or unite with the latter to whom they 
were friends by treaty (§ 4) ; to this course they should be incited by the example of 
non-interference set by the Corinthians, when the Athenians were putting down the 
Samian rebellion (§ 5) ; a contrary example now furnished by the Athenians, would in 
the end prove highly prejudicial to their own interests (§ 6). 

1. jxeTo. npoo-rjKovrav iyKkrjfidTciv, with Jit charges, i. e. witli accu- 
sations weighty and well substantiated. epp^o'^ieSa, we have come. 

The present of this verb has the sense of the perfect after the analogy 

of TJKeiv. Cf. Mt. § 504. 2. otSe, i. e. the OorcyroBans. 8e^- 

Xcorat is to be constructed with <wr, thus it has ieen shoion, 

2. CDS is a conjunction, and serves to introduce the substantival 

sentence, ovk Stvoto-3e, the object of fxa^ielv (K. § 329. 1). av 

— Se^oicrSf. With the optative au is used, when the affirmation is to 
be considered as a conjecture, supposition, or undetermined possibility 
(K. § 329. 5 ; S. § 215. 1). The optative here follows a principal tense 
(xPv)i hecause it is conditioned by a protasis to be mentally supplied : 
you could not justly receivd them (if you wished to do it). Cf. K. 

§ 327. R. 1. et yap, for though. eV rats a-novdais, i. e. in the 

thirty years' truce. rrap' onorepovs follows eXSJcrr, and precedes 

in construction r\s — ^ovXerai. Of. I. 35. § 2. dypdcjycov, not regis- 
tered or recorded as parties to the treaty. Such cities were also styled 
aa-novhoL or Zicairovhoi, by which was meant, that they belonged to the 
confederacy neither of the Athenians nor the Lacedeemonians, and 
were therefore neutral. Those who were parties to the confederacy 
were styled 'iva-irov^oi, which differed from (Tvpp.axoi in this respect^ 
viz. the Corinthians were o-vpfxaxoi or allies of the Laceda^moniana, 



256 NOTES. [Book! 

but "Were evcnrovSoi of the Athenians. These words, however, are 
sometimes interchanged, as in I. 81. § 2, or rather evaTrovboi, being the 
most comprehensive term, is used for the lesser and more special one. 

eVt /3Xa/3j; eVeptoi', to the injury of others^ not in alteriits partis 

fraudem^ as some interpret it. eo-riV, extended^ had reference to. 

ov belongs to this verb. ootis = et n?, and therefore takes /xn 

instead of ov. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 743. 2. aXkov avrop dnoarepoov, 

tcithdrawing himself from another^ or perhaps here^throwing off alle- 
giance to another. So Bauer (cited by Poppo) understands it. avrov 
is here to be considered as the accusative of the thing (K. § 280. R. 3. 

d). The more usual construction would have been aXKov avrov. 

ft a-axPpovova-i. I concur with Bloomf. and Arnold, that this paren- 
thesis can be rendered intelligible, only by supposing an omitted 
clause : (and who will not admit them) if they are wise ; or if refer- 
ence is had to noXefiov dvT (Iprjvrj^^ instead of rots dc^apevois.) (and 
war will not be thus brought) if they are wise. Goeller opposes ei 
a-Qxppovova-L to p.rj nei'^opevoi rjpup {unless you are 'persuaded hy us. 
S. § 225. 6), thus making it = d Trci'Soio-ai jy/xli/, and remarks that it 
ought to have been et hk fifj (Tco(f)povovo-i (sive d de p-f] nei'^ovTai fjpiv}. 
But it is a general principle which is here laid down, and therefore 
cannot be referred directly to the persons addressed. Poppo would 
supply 01 de^dpevoL as the subject: if those wlio receive them (S. § 225. 
5) act with forbearance and moderation. This interpretation, which 
is adopted also by Hier. Miiller, is worthy of consideration, inasmuch 
as it makes the rectitude and pacific nature of the transaction, to de- 
pend upon both the parties to the alliance. — — o, i. e. to jrokepop 
dvTL dpfjvr]s vplv TToirf^rivai^ which is easily suggested to the mind by 
the previous context. 

3. yap confirmantis^ L e. it serves to introduce a confirmation of 

what has just been said. povov^ i. e. this alliance with the Corcy- 

rseans will not be the only feature in the transaction. This appears 

from the following a>0\.a noXepioi. The juxtaposition i>f evcrnovdoip 

and TToXepioi imparts great energy and vivacity to the expression. 

Supply rjp7v with amy/c?;, or i7fias' with dpvvea'^ai. el tre per 

avrav^ i. e. if you side with them. pr) livev vpwv = with you^ only 

a httle softer. tovtovs is the object of dpvvea'^aL. 

4. biKaioi y eVre — aTrjvai, = h'lKawv y coTi vpus (TTTJvai. The Greeks 
were fond of changing the impersonal to the personal construction, 
the object being elevated into a subject, and the proposition made 
more compact thereby. Cf. K. §§ 307. E. 6 ; 310. 4. Pv. 3 ; Mt. § 297; 

S. § 225. 7. €K TToSo)!/ (away from the feet^ out of the way) is 

isually followed by the genitive, but hero takes dpiporepois as the 



Chap. XL.] NOTES. 257 

JDat. incominodi. Cf. Jelf s Kiihn. § 601. 2. eZ be fi^ (seo !N". on 

I. 35. § 5), i. e. 'f you determine to side with one of the parties. 

Tovvdriov to whau the Oorcyra3ans ask. livai. Repeat here biKaLoi 

y iark from the preceding context, and also with Ka^naravai infra,. 

8l dvaKcoxrjs^ at truce. The genitive with bia is called by Kiih- 

ner (§ 291. 1. 3. b) the possessive genitive, e. g. bi.a ^o/3ou etrnt, to be 

in fear = to have fear ; bi ex'^pas yiyvea^ai rivt, to de hostile to some 

ne =x to have hostility, etc. bia gives intensity, as if one were pass- 

ng through the idea represented by the substantive. koI t6v vofxov 

K. T. X. is to be connected with teVat, the words Kopiv'^lois eyeVeo-Se 

being parenthetical, w'/ioi/ takes the article, because coore ^^x^' 

crSat referring to it follows, the rule that you should receive = the rule 
of receiving. Bloomf. calls this the anticipative use of the article. 

5. Sa/xicoy dnoarTavTcov, when the Samians revolted (S. § 226). See 
N". on I. 39. § 3. An account of this revolt is given in L 115-117. 

Tcov. . . .€-\}AT]<pLafX€V(cv, wheu the rest of the Peloponnesians were 

divided in their votes. In respect to this deliberation of the Pelopon- 
nesians, nothing is said elsewhere, except that an allusion is again 
made to it in the following chapter. The Samians doubtless applied 
to the Peloponnesians for assistance, which, as Krijg. (ad Dionys. p. 
328) remarks, the Corinthians were unwilling to grant, from their in- 
veterate enmity to the Samians. Of. Herodot. III. 48. et xPVi 

whether it would lie proper z= whether they should. S. § 153. a. In 
indirect interrogative sentences, the indicative is generally used, when 
the question has the same verbal form in which it was originally 

stated. avretrrofjiev = " we said no, maintaining that, etc." Bloomf. 

Tovs KoXd^eLv, each one should punish his own allies. "In 

TLva proprie notio nostri man inesse, alrov autem per se solum videtur 
valere." Poppo. 

6. yap = be. Schol. A second reason is now introduced for what 
is said in t6v v6p.ov bex^a'^ai (§ 4 supra). bexofievoi, hy receiv- 
ing. See N. on I. 9. § 1. (l^avelTaL. . . .npoa-eia-i, it will de found 

that equally as many (literally, not less) of yours (i. e. deserters from 
you) will come over to us. Haack refers a to x^pia. Goeller, how- 
ever, puts it for OL, which seems preferable : what of yours shall eojiie 
ove7\ i. e. whatever deserters. «(/)' vfuv = /caS' vficop. 



258 NOTES. [Book I 



CHAPTEE XLI. 

The justice of the proposed alliance of the Corcyraeans having been considereil, the orator 
goes on to oiFer some advice, and to make a claim of favor, which in reversed order 
form the topics of this and the following chapter. He asks that the Athenians should 
remember the favor, which they had received at the hands of the Corinthians, and re- 
turn like for like (§ 1) ; for in the war with the JEginetae they had assisted the Atheni- 
ans, and had prevailed on the Peloponnesians to render no assistance to the Samians 
(§ 2) ; the critical time in which these favors were granted enhanced their value, for in 
exigencies like those, assistance granted by an enemy even, were sufficient to entitle him 
to be received as a friend (§ 3). 

1. SiKatto/xara, legal claims^ grounds of right. rdde^ i. e. sucli 

as have been descanted npon in the foregoing chapter. irapalyeo-iv 

and d^icoatv depend on e;^a)/iej/, to be supplied from the preceding sen- 
tence. ovK. . . .emxprjcr'^'^h since ice are not enemies to injure you 

(S. § 223. 1), nor on the other hand friends to have much interchange 
of good offices^ q. d. we think that our request should be granted, for 
we are not enemies that yon should refuse us, nor yet are we on such 
terms of friendship, as to abuse {imxprjcr'^^h (^^uti. Betant) the favor, 
by seeking to have such an interchange of kindnesses as shall be bur- 
densome to you. "We simply ask, thyrefore, that, in remembrance of 
our former kindness in the JEginetan and Samian war, you shall 
reject the suit of the Corcyraeans. Goel. thinks that reference is had 
to the remai-k of the Corcyr93an orator, dcofxevois re (Corinthiis) ck 
Tov fvSe'os fXTj vTTovpyfiv (I. 34. § 3). Bloomf. makes the last clause 
concessive : although we are not friends to much (eVi-) tenefit you. 
(^a\i.iv^ ue thinlc. 

2. veoiv — fXQKpcov^ ships of war ; literally, long ships, in distinction 
from the round merchant-ships (a-TpoyyvXa TrXoTa) adapted to carry 

freight rather than'to quick sailing. cnvavia-avres, when (see N. 

oil I. 13. § 6) you were in want of agrees with the omitted subject of 

eXajSere. irpos tov AlyLvr]T(ov — jroXe/iov. The immediate cause of 

this war was the refusal of the iEginet^e to restore, at the demand of 
tlie Athenians, two statues of the olive-tree wood, which they had 

stolen from the Epidamnians. Cf. Herodot. Y. 85. -uTrep, deforc, 

earlier than ; literally, teyond. 17 cs 2a/xtoyf, and that (service) 

in respect to the Samians. "With this, to. . . ,^or]?irjaai which follows, 

is in epexegetical apposition (see N. on I. 32. § 4). dt T]pds, i. e. 

through our influence. avTols refers to the Samians. iiviKpdrqa-iv^ 

•cictory. 

3. iv Kaipoli TOLovTois, in such a critical time, oi KaipoX is almost 
always employed in a bad sense, in times of imminent peril (= gra- 



Chap. XLH.] NOTES. 259 

vissima tem2Jora. Cicero). rav ndvTcov. . . .vlkclv^ are regmdless of 

every thing in comparison with (Trapd, See N. on I. 23. § 3) mctory^ 
i. e. neglecting every thing else through desire of victory, dncpio- 
TTTot, not looMng round about = careless of every thing round about 

Some render Trapa, on account of. c^iiKov is the second, and rot 

vTTovpyovuTa (= cKelvov 6 vnovpyeT) the first accusative after rjyovvrm. 

S. § 185. noXeixiov. Eepeat rjyovvTai. ^v kcli.... cov^ even 

though he chance to have been (S. § 225. 8) a friend, eVei, since^ 

introduces a sentence climacteric to rav Tvavnov . . . .vikclv^ and con- 
firmatory of the declaration just made, that no former acts of friend- 
ship would outweigh actual opposition, in a crisis like the one here 

referred to. koi, even. ra oiKeia x^^pov rtSeirat, they suffer 

their own affairs to go to ruin; " they mismanage their own affairsP 

Arnold. The position of r^y avrUa gives gi'eat emphasis to the 

sentiment. Indeed the language of the whole chapter is compressed 
to the very highest degree, and the most forcible expressions are 
selected, as the medium of the vehement appeals made against the 
Corcyrffians. Every word has its proper place, and not a useless 
epithet breaks the force, with which the passions are aroused and the 
judgment hurried on to the contemplated decision. 



CHAPTER XLII. 

This chapter is mainly taken up witli tlie item of advice, which was announced in tho 
preceding chapter. No one should think that acts which are just, conflict with those 
that are useful (§ 1) ; for unjust acts are never promotive of advantage, and the war 
alluded to (I. 83. § 3) is too uncertain, to be made the basis of a not doubtful enmity with 
the Corinthians, and moreover the ill-feeling, to which the Megarean war had given birth, 
ouglit for prudential reasons to be allayed (§ 2) ; a favorable opportunity to do this now 
presented itself (§ 3) ; as to the accession of naval strength, which the Corcyraians had 
offered, not to inflict wrong upon equals was a far surer road to power, than any advan- 
tage which ambition migtit prompt to secure (§ 4). 

1. 2)1/ iv?ivpr}^evTes (cf. Mt. § 349 ; S. § 193). d^iovTco, which 

should properly have been constructed with eVSv/zT^SeVres-, is taken 
with vearepos ris (= et rts cVri P€a)T€pos) included in iv'^vfirj^ievTes^ 
it being the last subject before the verb (K. § 242. E. 1. b). Emphasis 

is also imparted to vearepos ns by this construction. dpvvea'^ai, 

to requite^ a sense which is easily derived from the more usual signifi- 
cation of the middle, to icard off., to defend one's self which is often 
done by returning the blows, i. e. giving like for like. Cf. II. 67. § 4 ; 
IV. 63. § 2. biKaia is the subject of Xeyeo-Sai, that these jmt thinga 



260 NOTES. [Book! 

are said = that these things which are said are just. noXefifjo-ei 

(against the Lacedsemonians) is for TroXefirjaeTe^ reference in tlie 
number being still had to veoivepos rty, altliough all the auditors are 
referred to. In respect to the use of the indicative with et, it shows 
that the speaker had a strong conviction of the reality of the thing 

spoken of, although lie does not express it as an actual fact. 

^LKaia .... Xeyeo-Sat, that these things which we have spoTcen are just • 
literally, that these things are spoTcen just. dUaia is in the predicate. 

See N. on I. 124. § 2. liXXa is opposed to rdde Xeyea^ai^ as $vjx' 

cf)opa is to diKaia. 

2. eXdxio-Ta afj-apravr] by litotes for does that which is the most ju^t. 
The idea is that 7iothing is useful which is not just and honorable^ a 

noble sentiment, which ought to be engraven on every mind. to 

fjieXXov Tov TToXf/Liov, " thc eveutual occurrence of the icar^ i. e. whether 
there will be a war or not." Bloomf. Thucydides abounds in the use 
of the neuter participle for the corresponding abstract noun. Cf. S. 
§ 158. 2. Eeference is had in ro fxeXXov tov TroXefiov, to the intimation 
of an approaching war, thrown out in the speech of the Corcyraaans, 
I. 36. § 1. — — «. . . . KeXevovaiv, with which terrifying you (= by the 

fear of which) the Corcyrceans hid you. dcjiavel is opposed to 

(pavepav which follows. ovk a^iov (sc. eVrt), is not worthy^ is not 

of sufficient weight = ought not. iirap'^evTas (1 aor. pass. part, of 

€7raipa), to rouse up^ to excite) belongs to v/xas, the omitted subject of 

KTrja-aa-^ac. avTw^ i. e. by the terror of the war which the Oorcy- 

rseans predicted (cf. to peXXou tov rroXepov supra). ov p,eXXovo-av^ 

'•'•non cunctantem^ i.e. prcesenteni.'''' Haack. (jiavepav. . . .peXXovaav^ 

Poppo says, responds in a manner to tov peXXovTu noXepLop (against 

the Lacedaemonians), which was uttered by the orator of the opposite 

side (I. 36. § 1). vTvoy\rias — vipeXclvy to taTce away something of the 

suspicion (S. § 191. 1). vTvo-^ias is here employed euphemistically for 
the hatred^ enmity^ which the Corinthians had conceived against the 
Athenians. Of. I. 103. aSxppov^ sc. eVri. 

3. fj — TeXevTala X^P*-^ ^^ ^^ ^® referred to riv — ai/riSo3j;z/ai — iv tc3 

napovTL (fiapev XPW^*' (!• ^1- § 1)? that the suit of the Corcyraeans 
should be rejected. If the Corinthians were gratified in this, it would 
do much towards lessening the ill-will, to which the Megarean affair 
had given rise. The idea, however, is coached here under a general 
sentiment, that a present favor will efiace the remembrance of a far 
greater ground of complaint. 

4. /uT^S' ort e<^eX/feo-3f. Of. I. 35. § 5 ; 86. § 3. i4>eXK€iv, " tro- 

here post se. Pass, allici.'''' Betant. exvpa>T€pa, firmer^ better 

estaUished. Of. I. 32. § 2 ; III. 12. § 1 ; 83^. § 2. tS avrUa (}>avep£y 



(JHAP. XLIILJ NOTES. 261 

i. e. Tjj Bvvdfi€L Tcov KepKvpaioiv. The word avrUa (= quod est j>r(B' 
sens) is opposed to t6 fieWov (§ 2 supra). Cf. Steph. Notes on the 
Schol. This critic remarks : " raJ avriKa cfiavep^ tacite opponi rrjv 6« 
360)1' ^oipeiav qu80 est KpviTrr} Koi dcpavrjs. Quasi videlicet, dicentes 
dia KLvdvvcov, illud innuerent." enap^ievTas^ sc. rtmy, as the senti- 
ment is general. 8ia KLvbvvoiv belongs to to nXeov e^eiv (= vrXeoj/- 

€KT€7v\ which is opposed to the preceding to fifj ddiKelv tovs 6p.oiovs 
■=. TO fieTpiou Koi Xcrov CLVai. 



CHAPTER XLIII. 

The peroration now follows, in which the orator, alluding to the friendly vote of the 
Corinthians in the Peloponnesian council, again asks that his state shall receive a suitable 
return for that act of friendship (§§ 1, 2) ; and exhorts them not to grant the Corcyrseana 
their suit (§ 3) ; for thus they would consult both their duty and interest (§ 4). 

1. TreptTreTTTCDKores ols (= eKctvois o)? ^<^^^'^^ fallen into these cir- 
cumstances. The relative a in the equivalent may be rendered, in 
reference to wMcJi^ and is to be taken with irpoelnop.ev. In respect to 
the transaction alluded to in the words, iv Tfj Aaiie8aip,ovt avrol npoei- 

TTopev, cf. I. 40. § 5. oiCpeXrj'^evTas — ^Xdylrai. The subject is hero 

changed to the Athenians, as Kop-iCea^ai refers to the Corinthians. 

Tfj vpeTepa. Kepeat ^T](f)(p. 

2. ypovTes — dvai. See N". on I. 25. § 1. Construct iKeivov with 

Tov Kaipov. iv J. . . .e'xSpoy. Of. (^'Ckov re yap (^iikos ajv, I. 

41. § 3. 

3. Sex^o"^^- Thiersch. (§ 295. 10) defends the reading bixw'^^- 

But cf. Poppo's Proleg. I. p. 139. jSm ijpSiv, against our will, in 

defiance of us. /i^re dfivvcTc airoT?, nor Iring aid to them (cf. I. 

40. § 5 ; 50. § 5 ; 105. 3, et sa3pe al.). The dative after this verb is 
the dat. commodi. 

4. 'noiovvTis., see !N". on I. 9. § 1 (init.). v\uv avTots^ for your* 

tel'ces. Dat. commodi. 



262 NOTES. fBooKl 



CHAPTERS XLIV.— LV. 

In these chapters we are informed, how the Athenians became embroiled 
in the war between the Corinthians and Corcyrseans, and the part which 
they took in it The style is much the same as that of the orations, but 
less compressed and irregular. Although the narrative portions are charac- 
terized by great brevity, yet the prominent events are selected and arranged 
with such judgment, and related with such perspicuity, that a reasonable 
amount of study will lead to a clear understanding of almost eveiy histo- 
rical detail. ISTo author furnishes so fine a model of a clear and vigorous 
style as does Thucydides, and hence his writings should be read with a 
continual reference to this trait of excellence. 



CHAPTER XLIV. 

The Athenians at first are inclined to favor tlie suit of the Corinthians, bat having extended 
their deliberations to a second meeting, resolve to make a defensive league with tho 
Corcyrseans (§ 1), in order to prevent the junction of the Corcyrsean and Corinthian 
navies, and to weaken the power of the latter, before the commencement of the struggle 
with the Peloponnesians, which now seemed inevitable (§ 2) ; another reason for the 
league, was tho commanding position of the island of Corcyra (§ S). 

1. KOI dis. This shows that a previous deliberation had taken 

place (cf. TTj fjLev TT pore pa). ovx yjo-crov {= paXXov by litotes), not 

less than tliey were on the second thought inclined to the side of 

the Corcyrseans. dnebe^avro^ approved^ not so decidedly, however, 

but that they came together the second time for deliberation. 

ficreyvaxrav is here used in a pregnant sense = pcTeyvcoarav koL €yva>- 
crai/, thei/ changed their mind and determined. K. § 346. 3. This 
species of brachylogy is quite common among the Greek writers. 

Cf. Plat. Gorg. p. 493. C ; Xen. Cyr. I. 1. § 3, et al. ^vfipaxlav. 

This term, Bauer observes, denotes properly a defensive alliance^ in 
opposition to eirifxaxia^ (in offensive alliance. But in use, the former 
came to denote the genus, embracing leagues and treaties of every 
sort both for offence and defence ; the latter, the species or form 
(= c7rt)8oT;3eta), the condition of which was that succors should be 
granted against an invading enemy, but not so as to involve the state, 
thus rendering aid, with the invaders. Here then lu/i/ia^ta is an 



Chap XLV.] NOTES. 263 

alliance offensive and defensive^ and iTrtfiaxia (infra) is a defensive 

alliance. aare . . . .vofxi^eiv explains ^vyniaxlov fi€v firj 770117 o-ao-Sai. 

Tovs avTovs (se. avrots), the same with them, or the same as they 

have. S. § 202. N". 1. el yap introduces the reason, why the 

Athenians came to this determination. cr^tcrtj/ is made by Mt. 

(§ 382. 1) to depend upon eKeXevov, and to refer to the Athenians. 
But Poppo and Goel. contend that eKeXevov crcjiLaiv for cKeXevov o-cjias 
s not Thucydidean. As auroTs-, referring to the Athenians, follows 
mmediately in the next clause, they make o-^iVii' (=: avrois) to de- 
pend on ^vfi-nXe'iu and refer to the Corcyrseans. This interpretation, 
which seems on the whole to be preferable, and which Kriiger adopts, 
implies an omitted subject of ^vimXelv referring to the Athenians. 
Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 589. 3. Ols. 3. T7, sc. yfj. Cf. Mt. § 282. 2. 

2. Koi coy, even thus, i. e. kcu eav jxtj de^covrai tovs KepKvpalovs. 

TrpoeVSai = irpobovvai. roo-oCroj/, i. e. SO great. ^vyKpovetp 

.... dXXrjXois, hut as much as possible to wear them out one against 

the other. Kopiv^ilois belongs to is noXepov Ka'^Lo-rSiVTai, might 

put themselves in a position for icar with the Corinthians (dat. 

incommodi). aXXois-, i. e. the Peloponnesians. Poppo with Bek- 

ker prefers rois aXXois ro7s. The article can hardly be dispensed 
with, and I am inclined to the suggestion of Bloomf., that the text 
may be emended by the transposition aXXois to7s. 

3. dpa Se, and together with this = and moreover. These particles 
serve to introduce an additional inducement, for the course which the 

Athenians concluded to adopt. eu napa-nXa. Of. I. 36. § 2, where 

it is written napdnXov. 



CHAPTER XLV. 

n alliP.nce being thus formed with the Corcyrseans, the Athenians send ten ships to their 
aid (§ 1) ; charging them, however, to assist the Corcyrseans only when acting on tho 
defensive (§ 2) ; they arrive at Corcyra (§ 3). 

1. yvoipf) is the dative denoting circumstance. va-repov tlie 

departure of the Corinthians. 8eKa vavs. The smallness of this 

force is attributed by Plutarch, to a design to show contempt for the 
Corinthians, but Bloomf. more naturally attributes it to the fact, that 
Pericles did not enter heartily into the cause. 

2. is.*, •x^ptw*' ^^ (('^y of the places belonging to them. The arti- 



264 NOTES. [Book I 

cle belongs to x^^p'^^v. Cf. Mt. § 279. Ods. 4. The Scliol. tliinks that 
Epidamnns is referred to. 

3. ouro), i. e. if the Corinthians invaded Corcyra or any of ita 

dependencies. Kara dvvaixLv, according to their power = as far as 

their power would admit. tov anovMs^iii order that they 

might not Irealc the treaty. K. § 308. 2. b; S. § 222. 2. The infini- 
tive with the article is often found without eveKa. ^lev §jJ, so then. 

This took place, a. o. 432. Olymp. 87. 1. 



CHAPTER XLYl. 

The Corinthians and their allies sail against Corcyra with 150 ships under Xenoclides and 
others (§§ 1, 2) ; they came to anchor at the Chimerium of Thesprotia (§ 3) ; the geo- 
graphical situation of Ephyra, the Acherusian lake, and the river Thyamis is described 
(§ 4) ; the Corinthians encamp (§ 5). 

1. be in ol Se refers to fiev in the beginning of the preceding chap- 
ter. avTois nap€(TK€va(TTo. " The verb which should be referred 

to a subject is changed into the passive, and is used impersonally with 

the dative of the subject." Mt. § 227. Ohs. 2 ; S. § 208. N. 2. 

rjcrav Se 'UXeicov k. t. X. In this list of auxiliaries it will be seen, that 
the Epidamnians, Hermionians, and Troezenians, who in a former 
expedition (I. 27. § 2) contributed eight ships, now appear to have 
sent none. Bloomf. thinks that their ships are here included in the 
number of the Corinthian ships. The Megareans, Eleans, and Ambra- 
ciots increased upon their former number. 

2. rrefxTTTos avTos = he heing general with four colleagiies ; literally, 
himself the fifth. See K. § 303. R. 4; Crosby, § 511. 5. Cf.II.13.§l. 

3. 7rpo(r€[ii^av^ arrived at. Cf. Liddell and Scott. ano Afu- 

•cdSoff TrXeovres is to be construed before Trpoa-ejii^av. — opyLi^ovrai^ 

anchored.^ came to anchor. 

4. vTvep avTov.1 oboce it in respect to situation. aTro, removed 

from. 'E<pvpT]. Cf. Odyss. 1. 159. eeo-TrpcariSo? is added, because 

there were other cities of the same name, especially one in Corinth. 

Trap* avTTjv^ along J)y it (i. e. Ephyra). 'Ax^pova-la Xifiin]. Cf. 

Mn. 6. 107. es avTi]v^ i. e. the lake. a(^' ov, from which river. 

exei refers to \ip.vr]. Kearpimjv, CestHne^ is considered by 

Col. Leake (North. Greece, lY. p. 73) to be the same with the present 

district of Filiates. hv ivros^ letween which. Reference is had to 

the rivers Acheron and Thyamis, and not to Thesprotia and Cestrine 



Chap XLVIL] NOTES. 265 

Haack, therefore, very properly puts a colon after Kea-rpivrju. . 

uKpa — TO Xeifiepiop. This seems to be distinguished from the port of 
Chiraerium, which was probably near it. Leake thinks that the pro- 
montory of Chimerium is the same as the modern Cape Varlani. 
This whole passage is encumbered with geographical difficulties, 
which, with my present helps, I feel unable to solve. 

5. TTJs rjneipov depends on evrav^a (S. §187. 3), in this part of the 

continent. a-TpaToirebov iTroirjaavro. The construction of the ships 

in ancient times was such, that but a small stock of provisions could 
be carried in them, and their numerous crews, as Mitford observes, 
could hardly eat or sleep conveniently on board. Hence they were 
under the necessity of debarking to encamp, whenever the ships 
reached a suitable or convenient place. 



CHAPTER XLVII. 

rhe Corcyrseans man 110 ships, and accompanied by the Athenian ships (1. 45. § 1) station 
themselves at Sybota (§ 1) ; their land forces with the Zacynthian auxiliaries encamp on 
the promontory of Leucimne (§ 2) ; the Corinthians are assisted by large bodies of the 
Barbarians (§ 8). 

1. ^ar'^ovTO — Tvpoa-Trkiovras. See INT. on I. 26. § 3. avTOTus^ i. 6. 

ihe Corinthians. iarTpaTOTredeva-avTo. From what follows it 

would appear, that those who encamped in this place were sailors. 

See N. on I. 46. § 5. at Kokovvrai 2v^oTa. Leake says that these 

'islands, which still bear the ancient name, are five or six miles south- 
ward of the mouth of the Thyamis (i^orth. Greece, I. p. 103), and 
;hat there is a sheltered bay, between the two principal Sybota, and 
inother between the inner island and the main (ib. III. p. 2). They 
received the name 2u/3ora, from having been formerly used as hog- 
pastures. 

2. AevKinvTj. On this promontory the Corcyrasans had erected a 
trophy, after their first engagement with the Corinthians (I. 30. § 1). 

ZuKw^iioiu x'^'-oi' onXiTai. As the Corcyrseans were said (I. 31. 

§ 2) to have formed no alliance with any Grecian state, they must 
either have formed a league with the Zacynthians, at the same time 
that they applied to the Athenians, or in this extremity, the Zacynthi- 
ans came to their help without any formal treaty. 

8. ^a-av, , . ,irapa^€^or]?iT]K6T€s. The order is: ttoXXoi Se koi (alfo) 

12 



266 NOTES. [Book I 

Tcov j3ap/3ap(B^ iv rrj rjirflpco Trapa^e^orj'^jjKOTes ■qcrav roty KopivSiotj, 
This seems to have been suggested by the mention of the Zacynthi- | 
an auxiliaries, since its appropriate place would have been in the pre- 
vious chapter. The Barbarians rendezvoused at Sybota, a desert port 
of Thesprotia (cf. I. 50. § 3), from which some think that the islands 
received their name. ravrt], here, i. e. in this part of the conti- 
nent. Miiller remarks (Dor. I, p. 132) that the strong and contin- 
uous chain of Corinthian colonies along the coast, forced even the 
Barbarians of the interior, and especially the Epirots of Thesprotia, 
to maintain a perpetual connexion with Corinth. 



CHAPTER XLVIII. 

The Corinthians having sailed by night from Chimerium and put themselves in readiness 
for battle, at dawn of day descry the Corcyrsean fleet making towards them (§1); as 
soon as the fleets are seen by each other, they form in line of battle (§§ 2, 3). 

1. rpicov r)p,epa>v (riTia, provisions for three days. Some think that 
a contrast with the Athenians is here intended, who made no such 
provision when on the point of engaging with the enemy. Dr. 
Bloomf. thinks that it was done here on the supposition, that the Cor- 
cyrsBans would retreat to Corcyra or Leucimne, in which case their 

provisions would be very serviceable. aj/jy-yoj/ro, put to sea. AYith 

this verb, wktos is to be taken. <a? eVl vavp-axiav, " with full pur- 
pose of 'battle.'''' Bloomf. See N. on 1. 126. § 5. ap.a ew belongs 

to Ka^opaxTL and not TrXeoj/rev. fifretopouff, Oil the high sea, out at 

sea, is opposed to lying at anchor in the harbor. 

2. TO de^iov Kcpas was the post of honor. to Se aXXo, sc. 

p-epos. Tc'Xi;, divisions, squadrons. hv....ds, each of which 

{divisions) one of the commanders led. 

3. iTa^avTo, arranged themselves in order of tattle. Kopiv?iiois. 

The dative is here employed for the adnominal genitive (S. § 20. 1. 5) 
after Kepas. In Kepas KepKvpaiav (§ 2 supra) the usual case was em- 
ployed. ^vppaxoi. Supply ird^avTo from the preceding clause. 

©y eKoa-Toi. Some supply ervxov, but it is better with Bloomf. 

to understand iTa^avTo, as more suitable to the context. tvoowpov 

—Kepas was in this instance the most honorable post, as being 
■>i)posed to the Athenians. 



Chap. XLIX.1 NOTES. 267 



CHAPTER XLIX. 

At tlie given signal the fleets, with crowded decks, come to a fierce engagement, which 
resembles a land-fight rather than a sea-fight (§§ 1, 2) ; the chief reliance being placed 
on bravery, since the ships were so close together as to render them motionless (§ 3) ; 
the Athenians at first abstain from battle, but seeing the Corcyraeans hard pressed, come 
to their assistance and keep the enemy in check (§ 4) ; the Corcyraeans are victorious 
on their left wing (§ 5) ; but on their right, the Corinthians gain a decided advantage 
(§ 0) ; upon this the Athenians engage warmly in the battle (§ T). 

1. iTreidf) TO. oTz/xeia iKarepois ^p^rj. Arnold compares. I. 63 ; YII. 

34 ; VIII. 95. ra napea-Kevaa-fievoi, having even yet their ships 

fitted out very unskilfully^ according to the ancient manner. Some 
refer this to the equipments of the soldiers, but as exovres refers 
really to the ships, although grammatically to the sailors^ irapaa-Keva- 
a-jxevoL must be made to conform to it in sense. 

2. Koprepd^ fierce^ obstinate. This word is to be repeated with ovx 

Sfjiotoos, in the sense of well-fought or well-maintained. to irkiov^ 

to a higher degree^ more. 

3. TTpoalSaXkoiev. The optative is here employed to express indefi- 
nite frequency : ichen, or, as often as they ran foul of one another. 

K. § 337. 7 ; S. § 217. 2. ov paBicos anekcvovTo^ they icere not 

easily separated. vtvo is causal, on account of T)y reason of. 

TTia-Tevovres, because (see N. on I. 9. § 4) they trusted., contains another 
reason why the ships were suffered to remain alongside. It will be 
seen how in irpoa^aKkoiev and anekevovro^ things are attributed to the 
crews, which properly can be predicated only of the ships ;J3ut in 

7:ia-T€vovT€s is expressed what can only be said of sentient beings. 

oX Karaa-TavTcs epdxovro, " mcantained a pugna stataria." Bloomf. 
rjavxaC'^vo'ap^ lying still (Of. II. 84. § 2), i. e. performing no nau- 
tical evolutions. So the Schol. interprets : prj vavfiaxovvrcov. 

SteKTrXoi. " The diecplus was a breaking through the enemy's line, in 
order, by a rapid turn of the vessel, to strike the enemy's ship on the 
side or stern, where it was most defenceless, and so to sink it." See II. 
83. 89 ; YII. 36. 70." Arnold. This naval manoeuvre is remarked by 
Bloomf. as having been revived by Eodney, JSTelson, and other naval 
commanders of Britain. The same critic, more correctly than 
Arnold, makes the design of this breaking through the enemy's line, 
to separate one part from the other (as well as to attack it in the 

rear), and thus to cut it up in detail. 3u/iw, with vehemence of 

spirit, pcoprj refers to 'bodily strength. 

4. ovv^ \. e. in consequence of the decision of the fight depending 



268 NOTES. [Book 1. 

upon brute force, rather than upon nautical science. rapaxcoSj;?, 

disturbed^ disordered, iv jy, during idMcIi engagement. roU 

KepKVpaiois depends upon Trapayiyvofxepai. VPX^^ ^^^ "^ 'Am/cat 

VTJes {=^ol 'AS/T^mioi) for its subject, Bediores ol arpaT-qyoi^ which is 
contained as a part under the principal subject (ai * Am/cat vrjes), 
taking in the same verb (rjpxov) in reality, although the participle is 
apparently put for the verb. Cf. K. § 313. E. 1 ; Butt. § 145. K 6; 
Mt. § 562. N ; C. § 333. 5. Poppo, in his notes on the Schol., refers 
vsrith Duk. a-rpaTrjyol immediately to rjp^^ov. So also does Dindorf, in 

whose edition no punctuation mark is placed after rjpxpv. T^^ 

iTp6pprj(riv. Cf. I. 45. § 3. 

6. enovei, was pressed, is here nearly equivalent to inu^ero. 

a-TTopabas, scattered in the fight, agrees with avrovs (i. e. the Corinthi- 
ans), although it properly refers to the ships. p-^XP*- '"o^ a-Tparone- 

Sou begins the apodosis, and therefore does not require, as some think, 

to be preceded by the connective kuL i-rreK^avrcs^ disemlarMng. 

ipTjfiovs (see N. on II. 4. § 4.) =c7r« eprjpoi ^a-av. K. § 245. 3. b. 

TO. xP^ipciTa, ih^ ^o^QCiQ^' 

6. ravTr], i. e. on the Corinthian right wing. ovv {then) is not 

here illative, but denotes the result of what has just been said. 

ot Kopiv^iioL — Tjaa-iovTo re, i. e. ol re KopiVStot — rja-acouTO Kai. " Trans- 

positura est re sicut ssepe." Poppo. eVl rw tvavCpa defines the 

preceding ^. to7s KepKvpalois limits rrapovcrcov, or perhaps may 

be put for the adnominal genitive after veu>v. rav (Ikoo-i veStv. 

The article is employed, because reference is Jiad to the ships spoken 

of in ot yap. . . .Tp€-^dpevoi (§ 5 supra). dno iXdcra-ovos ttXt^Sou?, 

out of a lesser nmiiber. The Corey rseans had only 110 shi])s (I. 47. 
§ 1) besides the ten Athenian vessels, while the Corinthians had 150 

ships (I. 46. § 1). i< rrjs dtoi^eccs is to be constructed after 

Trapovacov. 

7. p.a\Xov belongs to dnpocjiacria-Tcos^ more openly. bna-Te firj 

ip-^dWdp TLvi, from charging any ships with the 'brazen bealc ; literally, 
$0 as not to charge, etc. For prj with the infinitive, see IST. on I. 10. 
1 1. e/i/SdXXo) is employed of a ship, which falls upon another with 

its ep^oXos. See Liddell and Scott, sub wee. Xapnpcos^ clear, 

rp,anifest. epyou ttcls e^x^ro, every one laid hold of the worlc, i. e. 

engaged heartily in the battle. 8i€KeKpLTo ovdeu tn, there was 

no longer any distinction between the Corcyrajans and Athenians, 
i. e. it could not be determined from their zeal in battle, wliicli had 

come to defend, and which to engage in the offensive. h rovra 

dvdyK-qi, to this degree of necessity. K. § 264. K. 5. b; Mt. § 341. 4; 
S. § 187. 1. 



Chap. L.1 NOTES. 260 



CHAPTER L. 

The CorcjTseans being routed, the Corinthians slaughter all whom they can leach, and, 
without knowing it, kill some even of their own men (§ 1), inasmuch aa in so extensive 
an engagement, it was not easy to discriminate between the victors and the vanquished 
(§ 2) ; and after pursuing them to th« shore, succeeded in bringing into Sybota the 
greater part of the wrecks ijlf their ships and their slain (§3) ; after which they sail out 
to meet the Corcyrjeans, who, together with their Athenian allies, were again advancing 
to give them battle (§ 4) ; as the battle was about to be commenced, a reinforcement 
of twenty Athenian ships heave in sight (§ 5). 

1. TO. (TKd(j)T] . , . .dvadovnevoL (cf. II. 90. § 6), did not taJce in tow 
the hulls; literally, haul off ^ lashing to them. The two expressions 
may always be translated as one word. Notice the use of to. arKd(f>r} 
Ta>p v€a>v, literally, the trough or tui of the shijos^ i. e. the hulls. This 

shows their disabled condition. ay KaraSuo-eiai', which they might 

hapiien to have disabled. It is very evident that Karabvo) does not 
here mean to sinTc to the bottom^ for how could a ship in this condition 
be towed off? ISTor is the interpretation, which they might have sunlc 
if they had chosen (Mt. §§ 514. 2 ; 515. Ols.)^ apposite, for who would 
think of such an expression as, they did not tow off the vessels which 
they could have sunk if they pleased ? I concur, therefore, with those 
commentators, who take KaraBveiv vavv An the sense of to make a ship 
water-logged^ so that it shall appear in part above water. In Ilerodot. 
YIII. 90, it appears, that the crew of a ship thus partially sunk, were 
able to throw their darts with such effect, as finally to capture the 
ship which had thus disabled them. Goeller refers to the battle of 
Arginusso (Xen. Hellen. I. 6. § 36), where the Athenian commanders, 
after the action, propose irXelv in\ ras KarabedvKvlas vavs mi rovs eV* 
avTuiv di/SpcoTTous. "We might have expected av instead of as (S. 
§ 175. 1), but sometimes the Attics neglected this kind of attraction. 
Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 822. Ohs. 5. The optative generally dispenses with 
&v in relative sentences, where the antecedent is indefinite. Cf. S. 

§ 217. 2 ; K. § 333. 4. rrpos be tovs k. t. X. Construct : eTpdnovro 

(reflexive) irpbs rovs dv?ipa>7ruvs liieKTrXeovres (})ovevciv fidWov rj ^ayypeiv 
sc. avTovs. The infinitives denote the purpose or object of dieKTrXe- 
oirey, as though they were preceded by coo-re (S. § 223). Matthice 
(§ 532. c) makes them epexegetical of irpbs rovs dv^pccnrovs irpaTrovro^ 
but in citing the passage, he has strangely omitted duKTrkeovres, an 
error which Poppo (Suppl. Adnot. p. 122) says he has now corrected. 
Goeller cites him approvingly, but the position of duKirXcovres clearly 



270 NOTES. [BookL 

marks it as the "word, wLich the infinitives are designed to follow 
The sense, however, is not materially changed by Matthice's interpre- 
tation, (f)iXovs is the object of eKreivov, and refers to the Mega- 

reans and Ambraciots on the right wing, who had been worsted by 
the Corcyrasans, and who were now floating about in their disabled 

ships, or on fragments of such as had been shattered to pieces. 

dyvoovvres, through ignormwe. S. § 225. 3. 

2. -^ap introduces the cause of the ignorance just spoken of. 

cVi TioKv TTJi ^aXdacrrjs fnexpvawv. See !N^. o:a I. 23. § 3. ov 

pqbluis TTjv didyvcocriv inoiovvTo^ they made it not easy to decide; lit- 
erally, made the deciding not easy. yap after vavixaxla is yap con- 

Jirmantis = and no wonder, for this sea-fight. In such a use yap 

may be rendered, indeed^ truly. "EWrjo-t npos "EXkrjvas^ for 

Greeks against GreeJcs. In the war with the Persians, greater fleets 
had engaged, but never before in the internal wars of Greece. "^eXXt^o-i 
is to be referred to Mt. § 388. <z, where it is said that the dative is 
often put, especially with ©y, in order to show that a proposition is 
affirmed as true, not generally, but in respect to a certain person. Cf. 

K. § 284. 3. (10) ; S. § 201. 4. fieyia-Tr) 8)7, far the greatest, con- 

fessedly the most considerate. rav npo cavr^s. Afterwai'ds 

there were larger sea-fights, especially in the Sicilian expedition. 

3. tS)v TrXeiarcov. The Schol. supplies a-conaTcov, on the ground, 
that some of the bodies were driven by the wind to Corcyra (cf. I. 54. 

1). But would not this apply also to vavdyia ? to. ^vIBotu. See 

N. on I. 47. § 3. It is worthy of note, that the port of this name 
always takes the article, while the islands mentioned in I. 47. § 1, are 
always found without it. Bloomf. conjectures from this, that the 

islands took their name from the port. ot, whither. epr^fxos, 

i. e. either it had no town, or if so, it was deserted of its inhabitants. 

4. rovTo refers back to the collection of the ships and the bodies 

of the slain. oaai rfo-av Xomal. Poppo and others rightly refer 

this to the ten ships, which had not been brought into action, as they 
had 120 ships (cf. I. 25. § 4), but sailed out with only 110 of them (cf 
I.47.§1). 

5. ^dr] Se ^u dyjre — Acai (= ore) ol KopiVSioi, it was now getting late 
in the day — ichen the Corinthians. Ka\.,,,€Kpovovro is made here a 
co-ordinate sentence with the preceding one, although it is properly 

an adverbial sentence of time. Cf. K. §§ 319. R. 2 ; 337. 1. cVe- 

7raid)vi(rTo. The Schol. remarks on this passage, that the Greeks sang 
two paeans, one before the battle to Mars, the other after it, to Apollo. 
Some make the paean to have been only a shout, and cite 1 Sam. 17 : 
12, " and shouted for the battle." But in the time of Thucydides, thia 



Chap. LL] NOTES. 2T1 

war-song was something more than a battle-shout. Of. Xen. Anab. 
I. 8. §§ 17, 18, where the pa3an was first sung, and then, as they 
rushed to tattle, they raised the shout iXekev. The triumphal psaan 
after victory is said to have arisen from the fact, that Apollo sang it 

after his victory over the Pythian dragon. as is inliikow^ in 

order for the onset. kol before ol KopLP?Siot, is to be traaslated 

like the preceding KaL irpvuvav eKpovovro, rowed stern foremost^ 

i. e. without turning the prow away from the enemy, they pulled back- 
wards. eTTi, els, or npos is to be supplied with Trpvfivav. oXiyai 

afivvav^ few to aid = too few to render efficient assistance. For the 
construction, cf. K. §§ 306. c. ; 341. 8. a ; Mt. § 448. 1. b ; S. § 222. 6. 



CHAPTER LI. 

The Corinthians at sight of the Athenian reinforcement slowly retreat (§ 1) ; the Corcyrao 
ans also retire as it was growing dark (§ 2) ; the battle being thus terminated, the Athe- 

•^ nian fleet holds on its course to tho Corcyraean station (§§ 3, 4) ; at which place it comes 
to anchor (§ 5). 

1. TrpdihovTcs, seeing first, i. e. before the Corcyrasans got sight of 
them. vTroTOTTTjo-avres. . . .nXetovs, suspecting that they were from 
Athens, and were more in number than they saw. Two clauses are 
here combined in one: sicspecting that not as many as they saw, lut 
more (i. e. more than they saw) were from Athens. 

2. KepKvpaloLs Is the dative of the agent with eapavro. S. § 206. 
4. cVeTrXeov. . . .d(f)avovs, for they sailed (so as to be) more con- 
cealed from the Corcyra3ans. The Schol. says that this fleet came up 
behind their backs, but as both fleets had just left their respective 
ports, such an approach of the Athenian ships could not well take 
place. Mitford says that they were doubling a headland. I like tho 
suggestion of Bloomf., that they were sailing up in flank of the Cor- 
inthians. i'^avfiaCov. . . .Kpovop.epovs, they wondered at the Cor- 

inthians pulling lacTcwards (see N". on I. 50. § 5) ; not, they wondered 
that the Corinthians pulled l)acTcwards. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 496. Obs. 3. 

y irpiv, until. vri^s iKclvai iinTvKiova-i, there are ships yonder 

(jKelvai. K. § 803. 2; S. § 163. N. 2) sailing towards us. on which 
precedes is not to be translated, as the words spoken are quoted with- 
out change. Cf. S. § 213, 1. Kai, also, i. e. in the same manner 

with the Corinthians./ ^wearKOTa^e yap ^dr]. The main reason 

why the Corcyrseans retired, was not because they thought that the 



272 NOTES [Book! 

approaching fleet was a hostile one, bnt because it was growing dark 
(^vvearKoTa^e nsed impersonally). This is represented by yap causal. 

rrju dioKva-iv to the battle ; not to rowing stern foremost as some 

suppose. 

8. Tj vavfiaxia ireXevra cs vvKva is by prsegnans constructio for, 
the Jight ended^ having lasted till night. See N. on I. 18. § 2. 

4. Tois KepKvpalois limits o-rpaTonedov as an adnominal genitive. 

arpaTonedevofjLevois^ as tJiey icere encamping^ (see N. on I. 46. 

§ 5). The participle denotes time. See N. on I. 13. § 6. *A»^ 

8okl8t]s. Andocides was one of the ten Attic orators, whose works 
were contained in the Alexandrine canon. As Schmitz remarks 
(Smith's Diet. Gr. and Kom. Biog. and Mythol. I. p. 1G8), he has no 

claim to the esteem of posterity, either as a man or as a citizen. 

rwi/ v€Kpa)v Kol vavayicov of the Corcyrajans. 

5. eyvcoa-av that they were Athenian ships. apfxio-avro {came 

to anchor) refers to the Athenian ships. 



CHAPTER LII. 

On the day following, tho Corcyrteans and Athenians sail to the Corinthian station and in 
turn offer battle (§ 1) ; but the Corinthians are unwilling to hazard another engagement 
(§ 2) ; and are solicitous to return home, thrc^ogh fear of being molested by the Atheni 
ans (§ 3). 

1. TrXcot/xoi, sea-worthy. Many of tlie ships were disabled in the 

preceding engagement. iv t-hs 2v^6tois. The Schol. adds rois 

TTJs fjTTelpov^ as though there w^re a port of the same name in tlie 
islands. This was an unnece&iary explanation, inasmuch as the fol- 
lowing clause, cV w ol KopiVStci apfiovv, sufficiently defines it. 

2. [lev in ras fxev vavs does not refer, as some suppose, to Sc in tov 
Se oiKaSe (§ 3 infra), but is put as though it had been written ras fxeu 
vavs rjpav^ fjavx^C^v Se, or Kalircp ras vavs apavres ano Tr]s yrjs. 
Bloomf. renders ras fiev vavi: apavres dno rrfs yrjs, heaving the ships 
from the land, i. e. launchiisg the ships, which were usually drawn 
ashore. It is a matter of doubt, however, whether the ships, at the 
late hour at which they came to port, were drawn up on the land, 
and I therefore prefer the interpretation: putting off from land, get- 
ting the fleet under sail (cf. I. 29. § 1), otto r^s yr^s referring rather 

to the fact, that the ships wer© near shore, than upon the land. 

vavjxaxias depends on apx^iv. j^jtovrtt, of their own olccot^. 

ipain-fs (denoting cause, see N. -oa \. Q. ^ 4) trpoayeyevrjfieycs i vs 



Chap. LIH.] NOTES. 273 

= 6pa>vT€s oTt T€ v^€s 7rpo(rcyeygvT)VTo. The participle after certain 
verbs is to be rendered frequently by a finite verb preceded by otu 

Cf. K. § 310. 4. a; S. § 225. 2. ex twv 'A'^rjvav. Haack adopts 

'AS/^i/aicoj/, wliicli is the reading of the majority of the MSS. Cf. 

Mt. § 429. 2. TToXXa, in consequence of the position of the 

article (K. § 245. 8. b), is to be taken in the predicative sense with 

anopa^ difficulties in great abundance. K. § 246. 8. c. alxp-dka)- 

rcov limits (jivXaKrjs^ and is the antecedent of ovs. ima-Kevf^v ovk 

ova-av should have been eniarKevrjs ovk ovcrrjs^ to correspond to the 
construction of the preceding clause, but by a varied syntax Spavrcs 
is repeated from the foregoing context. ema-Kev^v is rejlciendarum 
navium copiam^ materials for repairing their ships. 

3. rov 8e oiKade ttXou depends on bua-Konovp^ as the object about 
which their thoughts were occupied (K. § 274. 1. b). Tliis relation is 

often denoted by nepl with the genitive. Cf. Mt. § 589. onrj (in 

what way) KOfxia^rjo-ovrai defines more particularly rov oixaSe nXov. 

deSiores fir] — ovk €co(n^ fearing lest — might not permit, dedcores 

takes the time of diea-Koirovv, and hence should have been followed 

properly by the optative. But see N. on KcoXva-covrai^ I. 26. § 2. 

is x^'P^s', to hlows^ to a close engagement. 



CHAPTEE LIII. 

The Oorintbians send persons to sound the intention of tlie Athenians (§ 1) ; the deputes 
accuse the Athenians of injustice in -withstanding the Corinthians, and demand to be 
themselves treated as enemies, in case they intend to hinder the Corinthians from pro- 
ceeding wherever they please (§ 2) ; upon this the Corcyraeang cry out, that the messen- 
gers shall be put to death ; bat the Athenians reply, that they will hinder the Corinthi- 
ans from proceeding nowhera except against the Corcyraeans (§§ 3, 4). 

1. KeXfjTLov^ a small loat^ a sMff^ is a diminutive of kcXt^s-, literally, 
courser^ a race-horse^ and secondly, a fast-sailing boat., a yacht. • 

avev KTjpvKeiov^ without the herald's wand (i. e. the caduceus). This 
was done, either to show that they did not consider themselves ene- 
mies, or the better to learn the intentions of the Athenians, by thus 
depriving themselves of heraldic protection, and relying for safety 
solely upon the good disposition of those to whom they were sent. 

2. dSiKeiTe — TToXc/iou clpxovres, you do wrong in beginning (see N. 

on I. 37. § 5) war. a-nopdds^ although referring to the thirty 

years' truce, is often employed without the article. Cf. I. 07. § 1 ; 71. 



274 NOTES. [BookI 

§ 5 ; 78. § 4. yap (conjlrmantis) introduces a sentence, confirma- 
tory of the charge expressed in a-irovbas Xvovres. rjfuu limits 

enTTodoiv^ in our way. rifiapovfievois denotes time, when we take 

'cengeance upon (see N. on I. 13. § 6). The whole clause may he 
briefly and idiomatically rendered, for you stand in the way of our 

taking vengeance upon. oTrXa dvraipoixeuot^ hy tahing up (see N. 

on I. 9. § 4) a7":m against us. el — eari. The protasis takes the in- 
dicative, when the condition is considered by the speaker a reality or 
fact (K. § 339. I. a ; S. § 215. 1). The apodosis begins at koL rhs 
a-TTovbas Xvere. — — — r]p.as rovabe^ we who are here. Cf. Kr. § 60. 11. 
N. 22; S. § 163. N. 2. XajSdin-es — xpV"o-3e, taJce and use. Par- 
ticiples are to be rendered as verbs, when they are necessarily con- 
nected with, or presupposed by the following verb. Cf. Butt. § 144. 
K 7; K. § 312. R. 10 ; Herm. ad Yig. N. 224, and also p. 343. This 
seemingly pleonastic use of the participle, gives life to the description, 
and is in conformity with our own usage. 

3. Tcov Se. . . .errfjKova-ev^ hut on the Gorcyrman side, as much of the 
fleet as was within hearing. I have followed the suggestion of Arnold, 
in making rwi/ KepKvpaicov a general term for all on the Corcyrsean 
side, both Oorcyrseans and Athenians. t6 /aeV oTparonebov (referring 
to the Corcyra3an division), and ol Be ^A'^rjvaioL (as constituting a part 
of the Oorcyraean fleet), would thus be opposed to each other (r6 ixiv 
— oi be). This is better than Dindorf 's conjecture, that KepKvpalav 
should be erased, or Fritzoch's reading, ratv be, KepKvpalcov t6 fiep 
arpaTOTrebov. ev?ivs belongs to the following verb. 

4. Toicrbe. See N. on rova-be, § 2 supra. ^vp.pdxoLs overt, who 

are (see N. on I. 8. § 1) our auxiliaries. ov TrepLoyj/ofie^ia (see N. 

019 nepLopdu, I. 24. § 6) = will prevent, the opposite signification be- 
ing given by ov. Of. K. § 318. R. 1. Kara to bvvarop, pro virihus^ 

to the utmost of our power. Qi. II. 89. § 2 ; V. 23. § 1. 



CHAPTER LIV. 

Having received this answer from the Athenians, the Corinthians prepare to return home, 

but first set up a trophy on the contineotal Sybota, as do the Corcyraeans also on the insu* 
lar Sybota (§ 1) ; the grounds are given on which the two parties claim the victory (§ 2), 

1. en oXkov. See N. on I. 30. § 2. ev rfj Tjneipcp as opposed 

to the insular (eV rfj vfjo-ai) Sybota. to. in ra kuto, ar(})ds refers 

m gender to vavdyia, to which a prominence is thus given. Cf. Jelf 's 



Chap. LIV.] NOTES. 276 

Kiihn. § 391. Obs. yevofievos ttjs wktos^ rising in tlie night. -- — 

o)? veviKrjKores, OS if they had deen victorious. The participle hero 
denotes an assumed cause. Of. S. § 225. 4. 

2. yuodfjLTj . . . .npocrenoirja-avTo, now each party claiined tlie victory^ 

for the following reasons. f^^XP* rv/crdy, until night. Although 

the Corinthians had been defeated on their right with the loss of 
thirty ships, yet, as their left wing and centre were so decidedly vic- 
torious as to destroy seventy ships, the battle, as a whole, terminated 
decidedly in their favor.— — wore. . . .Trpoa-Ko/xiVafrSat defines more 
fully KpaTrjo-avres. As it respects the collecting together of the 
wrecks, Bloomf. very justly remarks, that after a sea-fight, this, like 
the removal of the dead for burial in a land engagement, usually de- 
cided who had been victors. ovk. iXdaa-ovs x'^'W' It appears 

from I. 56. § 1, that the Oorcyraoan captives amounted to one thou- 
sand and fifty. /caraSuo-ai/res-, hecause they had disabled (see N. on 

I. 50. § 1). Bloomf. thinks that all which is meant is, that this num- 
ber of sliips were more or less shattered, since if they had been sunk, 
it could hardly be said, that the Oorcyra3ans made head with the re- 
maining ships and those which were sea- worthy. But Karabva-avTes 
must certainly mean the sinking of a ship to such a degree as to render 
it unfit for immediate use ; and if, in addition to the loss of seventy, 
ten others were so crippled as to be put hors de coanbat.^ there would 
still be thirty left. To these add ten (the number of their remaining 
ships, cf. I. 50. § 4), and the thirty Athenian ships, and there is a sum 
total of seventy ships, the Athenian division of which (at least the 
recent reinforcement) was fresh for the encounter. On the other 
hand, tlie Corinthians had suffered a total loss of thirty ships on their 
right wing, which left them one hundred and twenty (cf. I. 46. § 1). 
Of these we may suppose some were so disabled, as not to be fit to 
take their station in the line of battle, so that in round numbers, their 
fleet may bo estimated at one hundred ships. It is easy to see, that 
the sound condition of the Athenian vessels would make the Corcyra)- 
an fleet, even with this disparity of numbers, more than a match for 

the Corinthian fleet. /zdXtcrra belongs to rptaKovra in the sense of 

about, in round numbers. Cf. Butt. § 150. p. 437. eneidrj ^X^oi/ 

oi 'AS^vaioi. The reading here has caused some difiiculty, from the 
apparent inappositeness of making oi " K'^rfvaioi the su\)ject of rjK^ov. 
Haack rejects ol ^A^rjuaioi, entirely. Poppo and Bloomf. enclose these 
words in brackets. Goeller concurs with Steph. that KepKvpaloi 
should be put in the place of ^A'^tjvoioi. Bloomf. refers ^X3oi/ to 
avTois for its nominative, on the ground that this pronoun, in the nat- 
ural order, is nearest to the verb. I am of the opinion, however, 



276 NOTEP, [Bduk? 

that Bekker, Dindorf, and Arnold are right in receiving oi *A?irjm7vt 
as genuine, since the idea thus advanced, corresponds well with th^ 
facts of the case. When the Corinthians first descried the Atheni^ 
an ships, they pulled astern (cf. I. 51. § 5) and thus gradually re- 
tired. On the next day, the principal reason why they declined th€ 
fight, was the appearance of the Athenian ships in the Corcyraear 
line (cf. opavres .... aKpaL<l)veis^ I. 52. § 2). This is referred to in 

eTreibrj rj\?iop oi ^A'^rjvatoi k. t. X. bia ravra refers back to the 

causal participles, Sia^Seipai/res, areXo/iej/ot, and tO on — v7re\Q)pT]crav — 
dvrenXeoy. Cf. K. § 304. 3. 



CHAPTER LY. 

The Corinthians, on their return homeward, take Anactorium and leave in it Corinthian 
colonists. They treat the better part of the Corcyra^an captives with kindness, hoping 
thus to bring over Corcyra to the Peloponnesian confederacy (§ 1) ; the assistance thus 
furnished to the Corcyroians by the Athenians, was the cause of their war with the Cor 
inthians (§ 2). 

1. ^AvuKToptov. Leake (North. Greece, III. p. 493) identifies thff 
site of this city with ruins, which he found at the south-eastern ex • 
tremity of the Gulf of Pr^vyza. Thucydides elsewhere says tha^ 
Actium is situated at the mouth of the Ambracian gulf. In all th? 
maps before me except Kiepert's, I find Anactorium placed nearest te 
the mouth of the gulf. The contrary is a&>3erted by Strabo, an?* 
Bloomf. thinks that the Sinus Ambrac. has a double entrance, on th^ 
second of which Anactorium was situated. la this conjecture he if 
supported by Kiepert, on whose map of " Hellas zu Anfang des pelo- 
ponnesischen Krieges," Anactorium is placed in the inner entrance j 

short distance east of Actium. dndTT]^ ly artifice. It is thought 

that, being received as friends they seized upon the place. kolvot 

KepKvpaiayv Koi e/ceiVtav, a common possession of the Corcyrceans and of 
theirs. That their sympathies were with the CojcWthians appear-^ 
from the fact, that they contributed one ship to the Corinthian fleet 
(I. 46. § 1). KoLvbs is more usually followed by the dative. S. § 187. 

3. oLKTjTopas = eTroiKrjTopas, nonnullos novos colonos. Perhap*" 

Thucydides wished to show by a brief expression, that the Corcy- 
raeans living there were expelled, and their place supplied by ney- 

colonists. ol rjaav bovkoi. It appears from this, that the Corey- 

rsean fleet was manned in no small degree by slaves. This practice 
of employing slaves in their navies, was common to all the Grcciat 



Chap. LVI.] NOTES. 2T7 

states. dnedouTo (2 aor. mid. of aTroSiSw/xi), they sold. h 

3epa7reia elxop =- cSepuTreuoi/. Kriig. ottws — Trpocnroirjo-dav. Kost 

(§ 122. 9. N. 4) cites this passage in illustration of his remark, that the 
optative stands after intentional particles (such as ii/a, 07ra>s, o<^pa, coy, 
etc.), when the writer expresses his own view of the intention of the 
agent, otherwise the use of the subjunctive is frequent and common. 

Cf. K. § 830. E. 2. b. avrols refers to the Corinthians, and is the 

dat. commodi after Trpoo-Troiijo-eiav. The intrigues, tumults, and dread- 
ful excesses, which followed on the return of these captives to Cor- 

cyra, are narrated in III. 70, et seq. irvyxavov. . . .TroXewy, for it 

chanced^ that the most of them were the first of the city in power ; or, 
for the greater part (pi TrXeiovs), hai^pened to he among the most pow- 
erful of the city. For the construction, cf. S. § 225. 8; 201. 4. 

2. Trepiyiyverai (see N. on II. 65. § 13) tw TToXe/iO) tS>v Koptv^icov., 
got the upper hand of the Corinthians in the war (K. § 275. 1). The 
Corinthians had been foiled in the main object of their expedition 
(viz. the reduction of Corcyra), and therefore I have adopted the 
interpretation, which makes twv Kopiv'^icop depend on Trepiytyverai^ in 
preference to that of Matthia) (§ 402. d)^ who makes the verb to be 
followed by rw TroXZ/iGj, emersit a dello (Arnold : outlived the war). 
So Poppo and Goeller : " Corinthios dello superat^ non e dello Corin^ 
thiorum emergit.^^ e^ ovttjs^ i. e. Corcyra. tov noXefiov de- 
pends on airi'a. ev cnrovdais^ tempore foideris^ in time of peace, 

pLira^ wit\ on the side of. 



CHAPTER LVI. 

Tho historian now proceeds, in chaps. 56-G6 (compare the general summary of chaps. 
24^66), to narrate the second avowed cause of the war, viz, the affair of Potida?a (§ 1) ; the 
Athenians, fearing lest the Corinthians might revenge themselves by inducing tho Poti- 
daeans to revolt, order that city to pull down the wall facing PaUene, to give hostages, and 
no longer to receive magistrates from the Corinthians (§ 2). 

1. raOra, i. e. the events of the Corcyrcean war, which have just 

been related. >cai, also^ in addition to the Corcyrsean affair. 

€s TO TToXejueii^, tending to war. 

2. 7rpa(T(r6vT(ov oTrcoy (= orw rpoTrco) TijxcoprjcrovTai avTovs., contriving 
how they might tahe vengeance upon them (i. e. the Athenians). The 
future indicative here takes the place of the subjunctive after oTrcus-, to 
express more definitely the realization of the proposed end. Cf. S. 

13 



278 NOTES. [Book! 

§ 214. 1. b ; El § 330. G. sttI tw tV^/iw. This istlimus was the 

entrance into the peninsula of Pallene (the ancient Phlegra), and is 
now called the Gate of Kassandhra (»? Tiopra rns KacradvSpas). Gf. 

Leake's North. Greece, III. p. 152. ^vni^axovs <j>dpov vKoreXets, 

allies paying tribute, tributary allies. Some of the allies paid an 
equivalent in money, for the troops or ships which they were to fur- 
nish. £j IlaWfivriv. Thc Wall facing Pallene was ordered to be 

demolished, in order that they might not be able to defend themselves 
from the Athenians attacking them by sea. The other wall (rd ck tuv 
ia^fjiov TeTxos) was erected as a defence against the Barbarians, and 

therefore was suffered to remain undisturbed. tovs re tmSriixinvp- 

yovs. Miiller (Dorians, II. p. 144. N. h) says that these were upper de- 
miurgi, as the emaTpamYol in Egypt, in the time of the Ptolemies, were 
upper or superior crparriYoi. Goeller (to whose opinion Bloomf. in- 
clines) thinks that £^t- here means an additional or extra magistrate, 
sent out by the mother country, to act as a colleague to the demiurgi 
appointed by the colonists themselves. The Schol. says that Asclepia- 
des (an ancient grammarian) thought etj- to be superfluous. There 
is, however, no doubt as to the genuineness of the word as here com- 
pounded. These magistrates received this name, because their chief 
duty was to transact business for the people ( — Athenian demarchi 
or the Latin tribuni). Yi.cp6UKov, Perdiccas II., the son and suc- 
cessor of Alexander I., and the eighth from the founder Perdiccas I. 
(of. II. 100. § 2). In the Peloponnesian war, he acted a very dishon- 
orable part, sometimes siding with the Athenians, and sometimes with 
the Lacedaemonians. For the line of the Macedonian kings, cf. Hero- 
dot. VIII. 139. TOVS £7ri QpiiKTi:, " the people Thrace-ward, or lying 

in the direction of Thrace, a general term apphed to the Greek states 
which Uiied the northern coast of the JEgean from Thessaly to the 
llellespont." Arnold. For the genitive after int, cf N. on I. 30. § 2. 

IvvaTTooT/yffWfft, caiose to revolt, or draw into a revolt with them. 

XO'^s^Wl^^ of the Athenians. 



Chap. JiVIL] NOTES. 279 



CHAPTER LVII. 

fho Athenians take these precautionary measures immediately after the Coroyraean vf&i\ 
for in addition to the hostility of the Corinthians, Perdiccas had now become their 
enemy, because they had formed an alliance with his brother Philip (§§ 1-3) ; and he was 
managing to set the Peloponnesians at variance with them (§ 4), and taking measures to 
organize against Athens a confederacy of the states adjacent to him (§ 5) ; and therefore 
It was that the Athenians demanded hostages from the Potidffians, and commanded tlio 
wall next to the sea to be demolished (§ 6). 

1. TTpbs Tovs IlortSatdraf, against the Potidoeans. Poppo, Haack, 
ahd Goeller read Tr^pX tovs IlortSaiara?, concerning the Potidceans^ as 
Dfeing more consistent with the fact, that the measures spoken of were 
not intended to be adverse to the Potidsean^, but to the Corinthians. 
The expedition, however, was to all intents against the Potidaoans, 
and if not, Trpbs could be translated, i/i respect tOj concerning. Cf. K. 
§ 298. III. 3. e. 

2. eVfTroXejucaro, had decome inimical. Trporcpov — wv, ^cJio had 

he^re heen. For the participial construction, see IT. on I. 8. § 1. 

8. de here serves to introduce a cause, and is nearly equivalent 

to yap. ^iKimrto .... Aepda. Perdiccas was to have divided his 

kingdom with his brother Philip, and also with Derdas his cousin, but 
instead of doing this, he attempted to deprive them of their provinces. 

The Athenians seem to have taken part with these princes. 

Koivrj .... €vavTiov[ji€vois^ '• engaged in common hostilities against him.'''' 
Bloorafield. 

4. en-paa-o-ev (== exerted himself^ plotted). See TV. 89. § 2. 

oTTcos — yevr)Tai. See IST. on I. 55. § 1. Tre'/iTTcai/, ly sending. Cf. IST. 

on I. 9. § 1. avTois refers to the Athenians. As this pronoun 

would be referred more naturally to the Lacedaemonians elicited from 
AaAceSai'/xom, some are very much disposed to substitute ^A^rjvaiovs for 

JleKoTrovvTjariovs. Trpoa-enoielTo, endeavored to win over to himself 

(see N. on I. 38. § 6). The imperfect is here used de conatu^ i. e. to 
denote an endeavor or purpose. Cf. Butt. § 137. K 10; S. § 211. N". 
12. Notice the transition from the construction of the participle 
(jvepTTOiv) to that of the finite verb. A similar change of construction 

is found in lY. 4. § 2 ; YIII. 45. § 4. evcKa denotes the end or 

purpose, on account of = in order to Iring about. 

5. 7rpo(re(f)€pe — Xoyovs^ he was treating with^ maTcing proposals. 

^okKibivaL. The Chalcidians are said by Leake (llTorth. Greece, 

III. p. 454) to have occupied, in the meridian period of Greek history. 



280 NOTES. [BooKl 

the whole of the great peninsula lying southward of the ridge of 
Mount Khortiutzi, although the original Chalcidice was far more 
restricted in its limits. The Bottia3ans, after Olynthus passed into the 
hands of the Chalcidians (through the instrumentality of Artabazus, 
who subjected it after Xerxes' retreat from Greece), became the hum- 
ble allies of that people, and are found joined with them on this occa- 
sion, and the one spoken of, II. 79. § 1. ofxopa to Macedon. — — 

TOP TToXefiov against his brother Philip and the Athenians. 

6. ^ovXo^evoi., . .dnoa-Tcio-eis^ i. e. wishing, by measures taken be- 
forehand, to prevent the revolt of these cities. -^ — eruxov, . . .o-rparrj 
yovvTos is a parenthesis, and is so marked in all the editions before rae, 
except those of Dindorf, Kr'ug., and Goel. (tvxov — aTroo-reXXoKrey, 

they happened to he fitting out. auroi), i. e. Perdiccas. Of. I, 59. 

§ 2. /ier aXXcov hUa. Eleven generals being so unusual and 

large a number to be sent with only 1000 men, the conjecture of 
Krug. in Seebod. Bibl. Grit. a. 1828. p. 8 (cited by Poppo and Goel- 
ler), is worthy of consideration, viz. that we should read /xer aXKav 
§', witJi four others. It is said by those who adhere to the reading 
/ier akXcov deica, that Pericles departed to the Samian war with nine 
colleagues (I. 116. § 1), but as Poppo remarks, it does not say in that 
place, that Pericles departed to the war with nine colleagues, but that 
he the tenth general (i. e. one of the ten generals) commanded the 
armament. The idea of Schoemann (Antiq. p. 252) that extraordinary 

oflBcers were created for this occasion is highly improbable. eVi- 

areWova-i. The Schol. explains this by evreXXovrai^ for the fleet had 
not yet set sail, as in that case it would have been dTroa-TeiXavres 

instead of dnooTeXXovTes. —— ttXtjo-Iov to Potidsea. cf)vXaKfjv 

fX^iv, as we say, to Tc^ep an eye vpon^ to le or, the watch. 



CHAPTER LVIII. 

Tlie Potidaeana send an embassy to induce the Athenians to change their policy, but meet 
with no success, whereupon being encouraged to hope for assistance from the Lacedaemo- 
* nians, in coiyunction with the Chalcidians and the Bottioeans, they seize this opportunity 
to revolt (§ 1) ; at the advice of Perdiccas, the Chalcidians destroy their maritime cities 
and remove to Olynthus, a part of Mygdonia being assigned to them also for their habita- 
tion (§ 2). 

1. €1 TTcos. Supply (TKOTvctv ov nfipda?5ai, (to see) whether they 

could persuade. Of. K. § 344. R. 9 ; Mt. § 526 ; Pvost, § 121. N. 3. 

vetorepiCeip jxrjdev^ to attempt no political change^ i. e. to make no 



Chap. LYIILj NOTES. 281 

change in the polity of Potidasa. Cf. I. 115. § 2. 0Tr(jii,.,,8er] 

must depend on eX3oj/res es Tr]V AaKcbaifiova^ jUst as el ncos . . . . firj^h 
depends on Trefx-^aures nap* 'A^r}vaiovs npea-^eis. The verb enpaa-crov, 

therefore, is with good reason bracketed in the best editions. « 

TToXXoO rrpda-a-ovres^ after negotiating a long time. The participle here 

denotes time. See N. on I. 13. § 6. -qvpovro. All the editions 

before me, except Bekker's and Dindorf 's, have evpovro. al vijes 

li (7t\ MaKe8oviav — enXeov = ai vrjes ai eVi MaKeboviav TrXeovcrai eVi 

MaKedoviav enXcov. 6p.olois^ i. e. just as though the Potidsoans had 

sent no embassy to Athens. rh reX?;, the cTiief magistracy^ or a3 

we say, the government. " to. riXrj sunt Ephori." Goeller. vrri- 

ax^To is found in the plural in some MSS. Ktihner (Jelf 's edit. § 385. 
a) says that to. reX?/ with a singular verb signifies the magistrates^ 
with a plural verb the cabinet. The use of the plural or singular 
depends on the manner in which it lies in the speaker's mind (animo 
loquentis). So Mt. (§ 300) remarks that the verb is put in the plural, 

when the neuter plural signifies living persons. t6t€ . . . .tovtov^ 

then indeed at that very time. In order to avoid a redundancy, Bauer 
renders roVf Sr}, his de causis. But roVf is used of time (cf. II. 84. § 2), 
and the addition of Kara rov Kaipov tovtov is by no means pleonastic, 
but gives emphasis = without any delay., immediately. 

5. ras. ...(KkLTTovras. The Athenian supremacy at sea, enabled 
them to ravage the sea-coast of those countries with which they were 

at war. avoiKia-acr^aL is here used of a removal from the sea-coast 

up into the interior. See I. 7. § 1 ; YIII. 31. § 2. "oXw'iiov. This 

city gradually rose in importance, until it subsequently became ono 
of the greatest cities in Greece, and carried on a successful war with 
Macedonia. It was, however, taken by Phihp II., who gave it up iof 
plunder, reduced the inhabitants to slavery, and razed its walls to the 
ground. Cf. Cramer's Greece, I. p. 252 ; Leake's North. Greece, III. 
p. 459. ravTTjv is the object, and fiiau re nokiv laxvpav the predi- 
cate of TToirja-aa^ai. S. § 185. N". 1. rrjs yrjs depends upon Tvepl 

rrjv BoX^rjv \tp.vT]v. Kriig. Cousin says that nepl in irepl. . . .Xifxvrjp 

^oes not here signify circum., but prope. Cf. K. § 295. III. 1 . a. The 
waters of lake Bolbe, which lay E. of Thessalonica and IsT. of Apollonia, 

communicated with the Strymonicus Sinus. vep-eo-Jiai here denotes 

a temporary possession. etoy, as long as. ai/, which usually 

accompanies the subjunctive mood after ecos (cf. S. § 217. 2), increases 
the notion of duration by making it more indefinite (= however long 
a may le). 



282 NOTES. [Book t 



CHAPTER LIX. 

ITio Athenian fleet finding that the Potidaeans have revolted (§ 1), turn their course to 
Macedonia to assist Philip and the brothers of Derdas (§ 2). 

1. is ra cVt QpaKTjs (sc. x<^P'°)- ^^^ ^* ^^ ^- ^^- § 2- The partB 
of Thrace here spoken of, embraced the three peninsulas, Pallene, 
Chalcidice, and Acte, and extended north as far as AmphipoUs. In 
this region the Greeks had planted colonies and founded flourishing 

cities. KaToKafx^dvovcn .... cicfieaTrjKOTa (= on a.(f}€aTr]Kaai. See N. 

on I. 52. § 2), Jind that Fotidwa and the other places have already 
revolted. 

2. ddiivara. . . .xcapla. The order is: nvai dbvvaTa TroXe/xeij/ rfj 

TrapovcTT] Sura/iet re npos UepbiKKav Koi to. ^vvacjieaTiOTa xaypla. 

icp'-'oTTcp refers to rpeTrovrai em t^v MaKeboviap, and therefore is = enl 
TO rperrecr'^ai, or enl to nXelv. In respect to the primary design of the 

Athenian fleet, cf. I. 57. § 6. KaraorraKrey, stationing themselves^ 

tuTcing their position in the place referred to, i. e. in upper Macedonia. 
This wiU show why dva>'^€v is employed in the next member. 



CHAPTER LX. 

The Corinthians, apprehensive for the safety of Potidoea, send thither a body of 2000 
volunteers and mercenaries (§ 1) ; these troops commanded by Aristeus, a warm friend 
of the Potidieans, reach the city forty days after its revolt (§§ 2, 8). 

1. eV TovTco (sc. xp6v(o)^ in the meanwhile. t^? Tloribaias d(f)€- 

(TTqKvlas^ toTien Potidcea had revolted from the Athenians. S. § 226. 

Trepi before t<o x^P^V ^^^ ^ causal signification, on account of=z 

for the safety of See N. on ej/exa, I. 57. § 4. oIk€lop t6v klv8vvop 

rjyovii€voi^ regarding the danger as their own. iavToiP has here its 

exclusive signification, i. e. it denotes that the volunteers were con- 
fined wholly to their own city, while those of the Peloponnesians, 

who assisted them, were received on pay. flier's^ irela-apres. 

Wachsmuth (Antiq. Gr. I. 2. p. 310) thinks that these were not mer- 
cenary soldiers, but such as being sent from the confederated states, 
received stipends from the Corinthians, in reference to which opinion 



Chap. LXI.J NOTES. 283 

Poppo says : "cni opinioni verbum rreia-avres aliquant um obstare vide- 

atur." Tovs ndvras, in all^ i. e. the Corinthians and Peloponne- 

Bians. Cf. Kr. § 50. 11. N. 13. 

2. Kara (f)tXiav^ on account of friendship. avrov is here em- 
ployed objectively, for him, towards him. ovx ^Kia-ra by lit' tes 

for mostly, chiefly. yap in rjv yap introduces the reason why st> 

many volunteered under Aristeus, viz. because he was friendly (eniTTj- 
deios) to the Potidajans, which would be a sufficient reason why his 
admirers should feel a similar regard for them, and march for their 
defence. 

3. eVt QpqKTjs, to Thrace. The genitive is frequently found in an- 
swer to the question ' whither' (cf. Mt. § 584. jS; Butt. § 147. p. 412), 
although direction towards is most commonly denoted. See N. on I. 

30. § 2. §. In consequence of the harsh ellipsis of dno eKeivrjs 

(sc. fjiiepas) as the antecedent of §, Poppo, Goeller, Arnold, and 
Bloomfield read varepov — 7, after that. Bekker is said by Poppo 
(Suppl. Adnot. p. 126) now to have adopted rj. His edition before me 
has 17. The Schol. defines y by iv ^ w^P'}'t or a^' ov. 



CHAPTER LXI. 

The Athenians hearing of the defection of Potidaea, and the assistance sent thither by the 
Corinthians, despatch Callias with 2000 hoplites and forty ships against the revolted 
provinces (§ 1) ; a junction is formed in Upper Macedonia between these forces and 
those previously sent out, who having taken Therme, were then besieging Pydna (§ 2) ; 
having made a composition with Perdiccas they depart from Macedonia (§ 8) ; on their 
march, they make an unsuccessful attack upon Bercea, after which they proceed on their 
way to Potidsea (§ 4), and on the third day they reach Gigonas (§ 5), 

1. T] dyyeXia tcov noXeav otl d<^€(TTacn., the report of the defection 
of the cities ; literally, the report concerning the cities, that they had 
revolted. The subject of the subordinate clause is here attracted to 
the principal clause, and made to depend upon its substantive. This 
usually takes place, when the subordinate clause depends on the sub- 
stantive of the principal clause. Cf. K. § 347. 3; Mt. § 296. 3. See 

N. on I. 72. § 1. ^cr^ovTo — i-nnrapovTas. Cf. N. on I. 26. § 3 (init.). 

irep.TVTOV avTov (TTpaTrjyov. See N. on I. 46. § 2. 

2. TOVS rrpoTepovs p^iXiovy. Cf. I. 57. § 6. Qepixrjv aprt fjp-qKOTas^ 
had already captured Therme. The construction will be understood 
by a refyrence to N. on 6pS>vT€s Trpoa-yeyevrjfxivas^ I. 52. § 2. Therm© 



284 IfOTES [Book L 

was subsequently called Thessalonica, in honor of Thessalonica the 
wife of Cassandra, and daughter of Philip. It was to the church 
here, that Paul wrote his two epistles to the Thessalonians. Its mod- 
ern name is Saloniki. IlvBvav, Pydna. This place was situated 

on the western shore of the Thermaicus Sinus, S. "W. of Therme, and 
was famous for the battle gained in its vicinity, by Paulus -^miliu3 
over the Macedonian army under Perseus, which terminated the em- 
pire. 

3. 7rpo(TKa^€^6fX€voi. Cf. N. on I. 26. § 5. /cat avrot, they also 

i. e. tlie reinforcement. ^vii^acnv^ an agreement^ treaty, avay- 

Kulov. The position of their affairs was such, as to make a suspension 

of hostilities with Perdiccas highly necessary. KarrjTreiyfv, urged 

on^ compelled to hasten. HoTibaia Ka\ 6 ^Apiarevs napcXTjXv^icos 

(— the coming of Aristeus) is a form of expression, somewhat similar 

to Kvpos Koi T} Uepa-iKrj ^aaiXeia (I. 16. § 1). anavlaTavTai^ do- 

parted from^ evacuated. Cf. I. 139. § 1. 

4. d(f)iK6ii€vot is Bepoiav k. t. \. This passage has perplexed com- 
mentators not a little, and as is usual in such cases has received a great 
diversity of interpretations. Bauer would distinguish between Bercca 
and the district of the same name, and thinks that in passing through 
the district (a<piK6p.evoi is Bepoiav), they turned suddenly upon the 
city (tov x^p'^ov) in order to take it by surprise. But it is very un- 
natural to make Beroea stand for the district, and ji^ojpi'ou for the city. 
Eeiske, Haack, and others would connect /ca/cetSei' with inopevovro^ 
thus making iTnarrpi-^avTcs .... eXoi/rec parenthetic. In that case, 
nowever, the koI in KaKeViev would have to be cancelled, and the sig- 
nification, which Eeiske gives to emaTpe-^avTes, turning their atten- 
tion to, is also very doubtful, since it hardly admits of a question that 
TOV vovv would have been added, had this been the idea intended to 
be conveyed. Bloomf. in his recent edition, has rejected the view, 
which he formerly entertained of the passage, viz. that the army on 
their way from Beroea and at a short distance from it, either from a 
sudden thought, or a premeditated design and deep-laid plan, turned 
back upon the city, in order to carry it by a coup de main. This in- 
terpretation he has well abandoned, though for a different reason (the 
absence of TropevSevrep Koi between KaKeTSei/ and eTna-TpeyJAavTes) than 
I would assign. For it is very singular that the Athenian army in 
their way to Potidaea by land, the natural route lying along the coast, 
should have turned off and made such a circuit to the west, as they 
must have done to pass through Beroea. I am inclined, therefore, to 
the interpretation of Poppo, Goeller, Arnold, and now Bloomf., which 
makes mKel^ev imaTpeyjravTes, the turning off of the Athenians from 



Chai-. lxil] notes. 285 

Beroea on their return to the sea-coast, which they had left for the 
purpose of attacking it. The passage might then be rendered • having 
proceeded to Berma^ and homing thence returned (again to the sea), 
for they had first attempted to take the place hut icere not ahle^ they 
proceeded 'by land to JPotidcea. This interpretation makes koI nfipd- 
aavres .... iXoin-es a parenthesis, interposed to inform ns for what pur- 
pose the Athenian army had deviated so far from the direct route 
along the sea-shore. It is not to be supposed that the army struck 
the coast at the same point, where they left it to turn off to Beroea, 
but much higher up, and hence iin<TTpe^avT€s does not mean, turning 

directly lacTc^ but turning off towards the sea. Treipdo-avTfs = 

aTroTTfipav 7roiT]ard}i€voi. Uava-aviov. He was either the son or the 

brother of Derdas. irapinXeov^ sailed along the coast. /car 

oXi'yoi/, leisurely^ by slow marches. rpLTaioi. The first day's 

march probably brought them to Pell a, the second to Therme, and the 
third to Gigonus, which was about an ordinary day's march, K. W. of 
Potida^a. 



CHAPTER LXII. 

The Potidjcans and their allies encamp on the isthmus (§ 1) ; Aristeus is chosen general of 
the infantry, and Perdiccas of the horse (§ 2) ; the plan of the former, to place at Olyn- 
thus the Chalcidians and the allies from beyond the isthmus, and his own army on the 
isthmus to watch the motions of the enemy (§ 8), is disarranged by the forecast of Cal- 
lias, who detaches the Macedonian horse and a party of the allies, to prevent any sally 
from Olynthus, and then marches towards Potidasa (§ 4) ; on arriving at the isthmus 
and finding the Potidaean and Corinthian forces arranging themselves for battle, the 
Athenians form in opposite array and the battle commences (§ 5) ; the wing commanded 
by Aristeus in person is victorious, but the other wing is compelled to retire before the 
Athenians into the city (§ 6). 

1. irpos 'OXuvSg), near to Olynthus. This, however, appears to be 
so different from the position of the Corinthians, as given in §§ 3-5 
infra (viz. under the walls of Potidtea on the side that looked towards 
Olynthus), that I am disposed to adopt npos 'OXui/Sov (on the side to- 
wards Olynthus), the reading of Poppo, Goeller, Kriig., Arnold, and 
Bloomf. I am confirmed in this the more by the epexegetical cV tc5 
tV3/xQj, which strictly speaking could not have been added, if the 
army of Aristeus had been drawn up near to Olynthus. • — — dyopav 
.... iirciToljjvTo. This prevented the soldiers from straggling into the 
city, under the pretence of getting provisions, t^s TroXtwy, i. e. 
Potidaja, not Olynthus. 



286 NOTES. [BooKl 

2. airecrrq^ Tiad revolted^ is the aor. for tlie plnperf. Cf. Mt. § 497. 

Ols. ; K. § 256. 3 ; S. § 211. N. 14. aTrcVrT; ^ap ev^vs k. t. X. 

This sudden desertion of the Athenians and alliance with their ene- 
mies, may be referred to the fickleness of Perdiccas, or perhaps to the 
unjustifiable attack on Beroea. dv?i' avrov, in his stead. Perdic- 
cas was not himself present in the fight. 

3. Tj yvajXT] Tov 'Apicrrecoff := to 'AptcrreT eSo^f, and hence txpvri 
follows by the constructio ad sensum. Cf. K. § 813. 1. a; S. § 237. 2. 

emTrjpelv (cf. III. 37. § 2 ; lY. 42. § 3) eViiao-i, to obserde the 

Athenians if they should advance. For the use of the subjunctive, 
see N. on 1. 26. § 2. e^a> \(f^\Lov. The article is rarely omitted be- 
fore this word, except when it refers to the isthmus of Corinth. 

The article t^i* belongs to limov and not to SiaKoaiav^ since no men- 
tion has been made previously of any number. Ittitov^ cavalry. 

In the same sense we employ the term horse. cVl (T(l>as = eVt tjjv 

TLoTl^aiav. Schol. Kara j/corou, in the rear. ^orfiovvras Aris- 

teus and his troops. iv /xeVo) TroteZi/, to place between. This 

manoeuvre, had it been successful, would have compelled the Atheni- 
ans to have fought with the Corinthians and Potidasans in front, 
w^hile their rear was at the same time attacked by the Chalcidians, 

who were to sally forth from Olynthus. rovi TroXe/xtovs refers to 

the Athenians. 

4. S' au, hut on the other hand. lAaKebovas has the force of an 

adjective. elpyaxri — iin^orpeiv. The negation after verbs of hin- 
dering, denying, refusing, etc. is more usually strengthened by iirj 

with the infinitive (see I^T. on I. 80. § 1). tovs iKel'iev = rovs 6/cet 

eicersej/. Cf. Butt. § 151. 8. p. 446 ; Mtt. § 596. c (end) ; K. § 300. Pw. 
8. See also YIII. 107. § 2. The clause may be translated, that tJiey 
might hinder tlwse^ who were there^ from sallying forth to bring as- 
sistance. avroi 8\ i. e. Callias and his colleagues. dvaorr}- 

o-avres to o-rparoTreSoj/, having caused the army to decamp = having 

broken up the encamp>ment. eVi ttjv ILoTidaiav. This shows that 

the Corinthian army had stationed themselves close to tlie walls of 
Potidsea. See N. on § 1 supra. 

5. Trpos — iyevovTo^ came to. See N. on BicKpi'^rja-au Trpoy, I. 18. § 2. 

as is fidxwy *^ order for battle, as here denotes purpose. 

 .  KOI avToi., they themselves also. ov ttoKv varepovj not long 

after = very soon. This battle was fought a. c. 432. Olymp. 87. 1, the 
same year (" ineunto quinto mense Attico." Poppo) in which the sea- 
fight at Ccrcyra took i)lace. 

6. avTo gives emphasis to nepas (see N. on I. 38. § 2) = tJie wing 
where lay the chief strength^ or, the strength of the army (viz.) tJis 



Chap. LXllL] NOTES 281 

toing commanded hy Aristeus. Opposed to this is to 5' aXKo a-Tparo- 
Tvebov infra. KaX oaoi XoyaSey, doth he and as many Corinth- 
ians as were with him^ and of the rest, the picJced men. This sentence 

is epexegetical of Kepas. eVflJJXSov dioiKovres eVt TToXv, advanced 

in pursuit a long distance. The participle here contains the leading 
idea, advanced pursuing z= pursued. Of. K. § SIO. 4. 1; S. § 225. 8 
relxoy of Potida3a. 



CHAPTER LXIII. 

Aristeus having returned from the pursuit, forces his way with much difficulty into Poti 
daea (§ 1) ; at the commencement of the fight, the Potidrean auxiliaries in Olynthus issue 
forth to aid their friends, but perceiving them to be defeated retire within the walla 
(g 2) ; the Athenians erect a trophy (§ 3). 

1. o)? opq, when he sees. Historical present. S. § 211. N. 4. 



r)7r6pr}(re . . . .x(opr](Tas^ he wos in doubt in which direction (i. e. whether 
towards Potidsoa or Olynthus) he should run the hazard of proceeding. 
Between him and Olynthus were the Macedonian cavalry and a de- 
tachment of the Athenian allies (1. 62. § 4), and investing Potida^a 
were the 3000 Athenian hoplites and the main body of their allies. 

Both directions were therefore fall of danger. eVt rjjs- 'OXvVSov. 

See N. on I. 30. § 2. S' ovv, Itut however, ovv serves here as a 

particle of reference =: hut as to that matter (i. e. the danger of re- 
treating in either direction). ^wayayovrL x^P^^^^) '^^^^ (see 

ISr. on I. 13. § 6) he had contracted his forces into as smaU a com- 
pass as possible (w? k t^dxK^rov for « wj cXdxiar-roi')^ in order tc 
cut their way in a dense body through the enemy. Some join ws ts 
i\a.xt(^rov x^P'^o^ to ^»o/,(cj /JtaVaff^ui and render it tamguam proxi- 
mum lotum et minimi intervaUi. But the notion of space or distance 
can hardly exist in ^wpioi/. Por wf with the superlative, cf. K. § 239. 

R. 2 ; S. § 159. 5. Sponoy Ptaaacr^at, running to force their way 

(-= to make a rush). S. § 206. 1. naf,a rhv x^^^^> along the 

hreahwaier ; literally, the claw, a name given from the form in which 
it stretched out. The Corinthians could not enter the gate on the 
side towards Olynthus, for then the Athenians would have rushed 
into the town with them ; they, therefore, clambered along the pro- 
jecting stone-work, wliich served to protect the walls next to the sea 
from the force of the waves, and thus entered by one of the gates on 



288 NOTES. [Book I 

the side towards Pellene. In doing this they were exposed to the 
enemy's missiles (cast probably from the blockading ships, of. I. 61. 
§ 5), and thus sustained some loss. See Arnold's note on this passage, 
and cf. Xen. Anab. YII. 1. § 17. Poppo suggests an entrance to the 

town on the side towards the water. dia tjjs ^oKda-aTjs, i. e. 

through the water between the pier and the walls, which was doubt- 
less quite shallow. It is strange that any one should connect these 
words with ^dWofievos (being shot at\ as though the missiles were 
thrown over the interval of water. Yet such is the exposition of 

Bened. cited b}'^ Haack. okiyovs fiev rii/ap, some few. nvas adds 

to the indefiniteness of the number. S. § 165. N. 2. 

2. ol d' — ftoTj^oi^ i. e. the Macedonian horse and the Chalcidians, 

etc. Cf. I. 62. § 3. dnexd refers to Olynthus. §e is causal 

(= yap). KaTa(Paves, in sight^ Hsible, " vyj/ifKov yap to x<^P^ov 6 

"OXvi'So?." Schol. oT/zieta TpS^, the standard was raised as a 

signal to commence battle. The proper position of these words is, 
therefore, before tj p-axq eyiyvero. ^paxv pev ri, some little dis- 
tance. See N. on § 1 (end). tW^s of Philip and Pausanias. Cf. 

I. 61. § 4. MaKedopes. See N. on I. 62. § 4. bia rdxovs = 

rax^ais. Mt. § 309. c. An adverb in the predicate is frequently to be 
rendered as an adjective. Here it may be translated speedy, as though 

in agreement with rj vUrj. is t6 relxos of Olynthus. ov8e- 

repois (dative for the adnominal genitive), i. e. of neither party. 

irapeyevovro in the battle. 

3. vTToa-n-ovdovs (= vno ajrovbals), under a truce. It was an ac- 
knowledgment of defeat, to demand a truce for burying the dead. 
For the idiom by which an adjective denotes the way or manner, cf. 

K. § 264. 3. c; S. § 158. 3. Sklyco iXda-aovs rpiaKoo-iav, a little 

less than three hundred. The comparative is frequently attended by 
words denoting quantity, to show how much more or less of the 
quality expressed by the adjective is intended. Cf. K. § 239. K. 1. 

'AST^vaiwi/ 5e avroiv. In the plain of the Academy near Athens, 

was found the inscription in honor of the Athenians who fell in this 
battle. It was brought to England by Lord Elgin, and is now in the 
British Museum. The first four lines have been lost, with the excep- 
tion of a word or two at the beginning of each line, and the endings 
of the remaining eight are broken off, but have been restored conjec- 
turally by Thiersch and Bcickh. This epitaph may be found in the 
appendix of Sophocles's Greek Yerbs, p. 289. In this battle and in tht 
Eubsequent siege of Potidcea, Socrates greatly distinguished himself. 



CiiAP. LXIV.l NOTES. 289 

CHAPTEK LXIY. 

Tho Athenians invest Potidaea, and circumvallate the side facing the isthrcms (§ 1) ; the 
Athenians at home, on the receipt of this intelligence, send out fresh troops, who com- 
plete the inv&stment on the side towards Pallene, and thus surround the place on every 
side (§§ 2, 3). 

1. TO S' eK Tov icrS/Aoi) reixos", the wall on the side of the isthmus. 
€K implies that the stand-point of observation was from the side 
towards Olynthus. So below, we have to 8' is ttjv UaWrjvrjv (so. 
Tflxos), and in § 2 (end), t6 ck ttjs UaWrjvrjs t€7xos, the former of 
which refers to a point of observation within the city with the eye 
towards Pallene, tlie latter, to a position in which the eye was 
directed towards the city from Pallene, or from the side towards 
Pallene. Arnold says that " eK corresponds with our of, and denotes 
of or belonging to,''^ of which Poppo says " male interpretatur Arn. 

exempla diversissima miscens." aTroTcix^o'avTes, walling off, i. e. 

drawing a line of circumvallation. Of. § 2. infra ; III. 51. § 3 ; 94. § 2, 

et saepe al. is ttjv UoKXrjvrjp, i. e. either a city by this name, or 

the peninsula itself. Probably the latter is meant, as Thucydides 

makes no mention of such a city. uTeixi-o-Tov = ovk. dnoTelxi-o-Tov. 

So in § 2, Teixi^^^iv = diroTeLxtCfi-v- yLyvofiepois Si'x"? l)eing divided. 

Potidaea occupied this whole isthmus from sea to sea, so that between 
those investing it on the two sides, there could be no communication, 
except through the town or by water. Cf. Herodot. YIII. 129 (cited 
by Arnold), where it is said that " the Persians, when besieging the 
place on the side towards Olynthus, endeavored to get across into tho 
peninsula of Pallene, by passing over the usual bed of the sea, which 
an extraordinary efflux of the water had left for some time dry," 

2. TTvv^avofxevoL — ovarav. Constructed with the participle, nvv'^d- 
vea'^ai implies an immediate perception, or if indirect, sure and well 
grounded ; constructed with the infinitive, it implies a perception not 
immediate but derived by hearsay. Cf. K. § 311. 6 ; Post, § 129. 4. c. 

iv TTJ TToXf i, i. e. Athens. XP^^^ va-Tepov, in time afterwards 

= afterwards. iavTcop has here its exclusive force, of their own. 

S. § 161. 1 (end). ^opfxlcova. This general, whose name is first 

mentioned here, was one of the most skilful and successful of the 
Athenian commanders, and shone no less by his eminent private vir- 
tues. Pausanias says that he saw the statue of this general, among 
others, in a sanctuary of Diana Brauronia (so called from the town of 

13 



290 NOTEa [BookI 

Brauron). Cf. Leake's Athens, I. p. 146. e^ 'A(^ilrios op/xw/xej/o?, 

i. e. lie made Apliytis, a small town below Potidasa where he landed, 

the point from which he sallied forth to the seat of the war. Kara 

^paxvi iy little and little^ leisurely. Kcipcov^ 7'avaging. This word 

is usually applied to the cutting down of trees, and hence in general 
to the laying waste of a country. 

3. ovro)?, i. e. in the manner just mentioned. Kara Kpdros, with 

II their force^ or perhaps here, closely, acerrime as Steph. interprets. 

vavcrXv is the dative of the agent or instrument. S. § 206. 1. 

ecfiopp-ovo-ais,, blockading. icpopp.e'Lv, " stationem adversam tenerey 

Betant. 



CHAPTER LXV. 

A listens advises that all but 500 men should sail away, in order that the provisions in liie 
city may hold out the longer, but this advice being rejected, he himself, the better to 
subserve the Potidffian cause, eludes the vigilance of the besiegers and escapes by se» 
(§ 1) ; he performs several exploits, and with the Chalcidians lays a successful ambush at 
Sermyla, at the same time sending to Peloponnesus for aid (§ 2) ; meanwhile Phormio, 
having completed the investment of Potidiea, ravages the coimtry of the Chalcidians and 
the Bottiaeans (§ 8). 

1. Kcu here connects a genitive absolute with the nominative. 



craTTipias of the Potida^ans. aWo {= uWo^ev) gives this sense to 

the passage in which it stands : unless some aid should arrive from 
Peloponnesus, or something unexpected (napaXoyov, deyond calculation) 
from some other quarter. Poppo, Goel., and Bloomf. edit irapa \6yov 

as a more primitive form. avepov Trjprjaacri, having watched for a 

favorable wind. The participle takes the case of rois aXKois., which 
would have been properly in the accusative, but is put in the dative 

by apposition with avrols, the omitted object of ^vve^ovXeve. oirws 

has here its telio (reXiKcos) signification, i. e. it denotes the final end or 
purpose ; when the result or upshot is denoted, the sense is said to be 

ecbatic (jK^arLKoai). eVl TrXe'oi' {the longer) 6 o-Itos dr/ricrxu- See 

N. on oTTcos — Trpoanoirjaeiav, I. 55. § 1. rSiv pev6vT(ov eivai, to he 

of the numler of those remaining, 1. e. one of those who remained to 
defend the city. The genitive is employed, because the sense of ^hai 

is limited to a part. K. § 273. 3. a; S. § 191. ^ovKopevos to. eVi 

TovTois 7rapaaK€va^€Lv, wishing to effect that which seemed to le next in 
importance, em rovrois denotes a succession of things in time and 
space (K. § 296. II. 1. b). Hence it is used tropically of what is next to 



Chap. LXVI] N Q.T E S . 291 

te done^ next in importance. oTrcoy ra e^co^sev e^cL a>s apiara, in 

order that tlie affairs outside (Potidaia) may "be in as good a condition 

as 2^ossible. This sentence expresses the design of eKTrXow 'ASr;- 

vaicov. For the future indicative, see N. on I. 56. § 2. XaSwi/ ttjv 

cf)v\aKr]v^ unknown to the guard. 

2. rd re aXKa cVoXefiet, he performed other (i. e. other than the 
one here mentioned) warliTce exploits. The construction is like that 

of TToXefxov TToXefielv. S. § 181. 2. — "ZepfivXicov limits rfj TToXet, and 

TToWovs refers to its citizens, since it cannot well be referred to the 
Athenians, who have not been mentioned in the connection. Krlig- 
constructs ^epfivXlcov with noXXovs. The sense remains unchanged by 

this construction. es re eirpaa-a-ev. "A condensed expression 

for is TTjv UeXonovvrjo-ov iripi^as eTTpaacrev.'''' Arnold. The construc- 
tion is explained in Ns. on I. 18. § 2 ; 51. § 3. 

3. fxera aTTordxia-iv^ i. e. after the investment of the city had 

been completed. kol. . . . elXe, and some towns he also tooTc. On 

tlie phrase eorii/ a {some), cf. K. § 331. K. 4 ; Mt. 482 ; S. § 172. N. 2 ; 
0. § 523. 



CHAPTEE LXVI. 

The Corinthians and Athenians mutually accuse, each other in respect to the affair ol 
Potidaea, the dispute not having yet led to open war (§ 1). 

1. 'ASj;i/otois and UeXonovvrja-iois limit Trpoayeyevrjvro. alriai 

(see N". on I. 69. § 7) fieu avrai. The article is omitted, when the pro- 
noun stands as the subject, and the substantive as the predicate of the 
sentence. Of. K. § 246. E, 1. a. to7s /xeV Kopiv^lois. Eepeat men- 
tally TrpoayeyevrjvTO alrlai is ^ A.'^rjvaLOLS. eavriov ovaav dnoLKiav^ 

which was (see N. on oWey, I. 8. § 1) their colony. inoXLopKovp 

refers to the Athenians. rois 5' responds to the preceding toIs 

p.iv. TToXif, i. e. Potidtea. aTreaTTjcrav., had caused to revolt. 

In respect to the tense, see N, on I. 62. § 1. For the verb used causa- 
tively, cf. S. §§ 207. 2 ; 183 {larrjfii), and see I. 81. § 3 ; 104. § 1 ; IT. 

80. § 1 ; III. 31. § 1, et sa3pe al. o-^io-ii/ follows ifxaxovro. ■- 

OTTO Tov 'n-po(f)avovs = Trpocjiavcos. ov. . . .^vveppcayeL (from avp 

pr}yvvp.i\ nevertheless the war had not yet droJaen out, i. e. the Pelo- 
ponnesian war had not actually begun, these acts of hostility being 
only introductory to it. /xeVroi — ye, nevertheless indeed, is used when 
in reference to what precedes, a thing could not have been expected, 



292 NOTES. [BooKl 

but yet is so. Cf. Jelf 's Klihn. §§ Y30. a ; 735. 6. Idia, i. e. in 

their private capacity, and not as membere of the Peloponnesian 
confederacy. 



CHAPTERS LXVII.— LXXXYIL 

These chapters contain the debates in the congress of allies at Sparta, 
iu respect to the complaints made against the Athenians, and are entitled 
^vAXoyos Twv ^v^ndxo}v iv AaK^^ai^iovi, which Poppo would alter to ^vXXoyos 
tS>v AaKedaljjLovav Trept twv iyKXrjfidTcov ruv ^v/x/xaxcov. After an introduction 
(chap. 6*7) the speech of the Corinthians is given (chaps. 6Y-'72); after which 
the historian briefly accounts for the presence of the Athenian embassy at 
Sparta (chap. 7 3), and reports their speech (chaps. 74-78); the Lacedaemoni- 
ans then deliberate by themselves (chap. 79), and are addressed by Archi- 
damus (chaps. 80-85), and by the Ephor Sthenelaidas (chap. 86), after which, 
the vote is taken, and the treaty decided to have been broken (chap. 87). 
This portion contains some of the choicest specimens of a condensed and 
vigorous style, that are to be found in any language. The orations, although 
alike fervid, energetic, and pointed, are yet in perfect keeping with the 
position and design of those who uttered them, the Corinthian speech being 
full of burning invective and sarcasm, the Athenian, eminently soothing 
and pacific, while the oration of king Archidamus is replete with maxims of 
profound political sagacity and experience, and that of Sthenelaidas is blunt 
and laconic, almost beyond what might be expected even of a Spartan. 
These characteristics will be more particularly noticed, in the analysis and 
general divisions of the respective orations 



CHAPTEE LXY.TT. 

The Corinthians, enraged at the blockade of Potidsea, exhort the allies to go to Lacedtemon, 
whither they also repair and criminate the Athenians as truce-breakers and unjust (§ 1); 
the -^ginetae also secretly foment the disturbance (§ 2) ; the Lacedaemonians, therefore, 
summon an assembly of the allies, and all -n-ho have any cause of complaint against tho 
Atlicnians (§ 3); various accusations are made by the allies, and especially do the Mega- 
reaiis complain, because they have been excluded from the Athenian ports and market 
(§ 4) ; after which the Corinthians come forward and address the Msembly (§ 5). 

1. 7r6\LopKovfi€VT]s Be TTJs noTtSatar, dut when Potidoea- was besieged. 
Uf. S. § 226. dvbpcov. . . .SeSioVss-, their own men leirig in it^ a7id 



Chap. LXVIL] NOTES. 293 

they also fea/ring for the safety of the place ■= fearing for the safety 
of the place and of their countrymen in it. TrapcKakow = ex- 
horted them to go. The verb receives this fulness of signification from 
fj, the preposition of motion which follows. See N. on I. 18. § 2. 

Kare^ocov — 'AST/miwi/, clamored against the Athenians. For the 

genitive after Kara in composition, cf. K. § 292. K. ; S. § 194. N. 3. 

XeXvKores ehv. A participle with €i[xt (or its compounds), and 

exo), Kvpeat^ etc. is sonietimes used instead of the verb of the participle 
or the sake of emphasis. Cf. Yig. p. 117. IX. ; S. § 89. 1. For the 
optative in the oratio oMiqua., cf. S. § 213. 2. 

2. ScStoVes, lecause they feared. See N. on I. 9. § 4. Kpv<^a Se. 

Ilaack and Goel. place a comma after the words, and thus refer theia 
^to TrpetT/Seuo/xei/oi, sending ambassadors not openly but secretly. So 
Krlig. also exjplains it. Hermann ad Soph. El. 1059 thinks that ixev— 
fie in this place are employed, as though it had been written ov fiep 
(pavepcos enpea^evovTO.) Kpv(f)a de Trpea^evofxevoi ivrjyov. Bauer refers 
ivrjyov to Trpea^evoixevot and renders it: suaserunt bellum non [a-perte] 
per legatos sed occulte. But, as Poppo remarks, in that case we should 
have expected the collocation, ov fxev (})avepS>s 7rp€(r^€v6p,€voi. I prefer 
to make Kpv^a qualify ivriyov : they did not openly send ambassadors^ 
but secretly did much to urge on the war. jxev and 5e are used to con- 
nect different sorts of words, as may be seen in the examples cited by 

m. § 622. 3. Cf. Jelf 's Ktihn. § Y65. 2. avrovo^oi {having their 

oicn laws independent). See N. on hovkoi^ I. 34. § 1. KaTo. ras (tttov- 

bds. There is considerable doubt in the minds of interpreters, to what 
treaty reference is here made, or in what way the independence of the 
uEginetSQ was guaranteed. The Schol., whom Bloomf. is inclined to 
follow, thinks that those states whose names were not subscribed to 
the treaty, were regarded as independent, and gives to Kara ras crnov- 
das the sense, according to the spirit of the treaty. But it should be 
remembered, that -^gina was conquered by the Athenians six years 
before that treaty (viz. the thirty years' truce), and from this fact, 
together with the secrecy with which, through fear of the Athenians, 
they excited the Lacedaemonians to war, it is very evident, that they 
were included in the treaty as evanovdot (see N. on I. 40. § 2) of the 
Athenians, and therefore were not airovopoi. Od. Muller (^gin. p. 
180) thinks that reference is had to a treaty of alliance, made through 
the influence of the Lacedaemonians, in which the liberty of the Gre- 
cian states was guaranteed by mutual stipulations. Goeller also seems 
to incline to the opinion, that reference is had to that mutual arrange- 
ment of previous jars and discords, which took place at the suggestion 
of Themistocles, before the second Persian invasion, and by which 



294 NOTES. [Boor I 

independence would of course be secured to the -^Egiuetea. The best 
solution of the difficulty, which I have met witli, is that of Ej'lig, in 
Stud. Hist. p. 192 (cited by Poppo, Suppl. Adnot. p. 127), " quum 
cnrovbai^ nisi quid accedat, ubi de belli Pelop. causis agatur, semper 
sint foedera tricennalia, horum lege aliqua Lacedaemonios ^ginetarum 
avTovofxia putat prospexisse." In this thirty years' peace, which I 
cannot doubt is referred to here, some provision, doubtless, had been 
made for the independence of -^gina, although in what manner it 
does not clearly appear. 

8. TrpoanapaKoKeaavTes rav ^vpudxtov^ Tiaving summoned tTieir al- 
ius. S. § 191. 1. The re after ^vpfiaxcav is omitted by almost all 

the recent editors, which makes kol epexegetical (= 7iempe^ etiam^ 
Poppo), i. e. serving to introduce ei ns {whoeter). , . .''A'iTjvaicov^ as 
explanatory of tcop ^vfxfxaxcov. If re is retained, then et ns refers to 
other states than those in league with the Lacedsemonians. But 
waving the consideration, that the Lacedaemonians had nothing to do 
with the grievances of other states than those which belonged to the 
confederacy, the suggestion of Haack, that the presence of re would 
lead us to expect ci' tI tls «XXor, or ct ns aXXos, makes me prefer its 

omission in the text. tI ak\o — TjdiKTja^iat. In the active aStKe'o) 

governs two cases, the latter of which is retained in the passive. Cf. 
S. § ITY. 3. ^vXXoyov — Tov ela^ioTa^ the ordinary assemlly. Some- 
times a smaller and more select assembly {r] yuKpa eKKXrjo-La), Xen. 
Hellen. III. 8. § 8), consisting probably of the equals (oi opoioi^ ^;cers), 
was convened, and as Mtiller (Dor. II. p. 89) thinks, was chiefly occu- 
pied with the state of the constitution, and to distinguish it from that 
assembly, the one here spoken of has the epithet top ftcoSoVa. To this 
common or general assembly, all the citizens above thirty years of age 
were admitted. The place of meeting was west of the city of Sparta, 
between the brook Cracion (i. e. Saffron river) and the bridge Babyea, 
and the assembly was held in the open air. The Schol. on this passage 
says, that the regular time of meeting vfas each full moon. Extraor- 
dinary meetings might, however, be called at any time in cases of 
emergency. Cf. Mtiller's Dorians, II. p. 90. 

4. ojy (KacTToi^ severally (see N. on I. 8. § 5), each in succession. 

icat, and especially. See Jelf 's Kuhn. (§ 759. 4) on the incressive force 

of Kat, when preceded by koX aXXoi re, or similar words. ovk oXiya 

= many. paXiora Se, and particularly. Xi/neVooi/ depends on 

etpyea^ai according to S. § 197. 2. Why the Megareans were excluded 
from all commercial intercourse with the Athenians, we are not in- 
formed. The words of the decree are found in the Schol. on Aristoph. 
Ban. 273. D. 



Chap. LXVIILl KOTES. 295 



CHAPTERS LXYIII.— LXXL 

These cliaptera comprise the speech of the Corinthians, at the congress of 
the allies in Sparta. The exordium extends to chap. 68. § 2 ; then follows 
the argumentative portion, which extends to chap, 71. § 4, at which place 
the peroration begins. In the argumentative part is, (1) a complaint Ox 
the systematic ambition of the Athenians (chap. 68), and (2) of the supine- 
ness of the Lacedaemonians, which suffered the evil to remain unchecked 
(chap. 69) ; (3) a comparison between the Athenian and Laoedaemonian 
character (chap. 70); (4) an urgent appeal to the Lacedaemonians to bestir 
themselves (chap. 7L § 3). This speech is spirited, pointed, abounding in 
the most bitter sarcasm, mingled with delicate strokes of flattery, and admi- 
rably adapted to the pm'pose for which it was delivered, viz. to exasperate 
the Lacedaemonians against the Athenians. - 



CHAPTER LXYIII. 

The Corinthians begin their oration, by a kind of complimentary complaint of the good 
faith {rd iriaTov) of the Lacedfemonians towards one another, -which rendered them blind 
to whatever might be said to the prejudice of others, and ignorant also of affairs abroad 
(§ 1) ; on which account, the previous complaints of the Corinthians had been disregarded, 
as though arising from selflsh interests ; and no council had been called until they them- 
selves had suffered wrong, whereas none had been so deeply injured as the Corinthians 
(§ 2) ; a long exposition of the unjust acts and ambitious policy of the Athenians is 
unnecessary, since they make no concealment of their deeds, and there are present in the 
assembly those, who are either already enslaved by the Athenians, or threatened with 
the loss of their liberty (§ 3) ; Corcyra and Potidaua are alluded to, as examples in proof 
of the aggressive jwlicy of the Athenians (§ 4). 

1. TO -jna-Tov Ka'^Lo-TTjo-i^ the good faith^ which characterizes the 

management of your internal affairs^ and your private intercourse, 
renders you more incredulous in respect to otJiers (i. e. the other 
Greeks), whene'ver any thing is said (to their prejudice) ; literally, if 
we say any thing, but as Bloomf. (cited approvingly by Poppo) re- 
marks, ^V rt Xeycofiev is nearly equivalent to in whatever is said, the 
change of person accommodating the dictum generale to the speakers 
themselves, and promoting brevity of expression, to Tncrrov denotes 
an abstract idea, and is employed with the article for the substantive 
(K. § 263. y ; Mt. § 269 ; S. § 158. 2 ; 0. § 449. a. See N. on L 42. § 2). 
t[js KaS' vixas avrovs TToXireias is opposed tO ra e^ay Trpdyuara at the 



296 NOTES. [BooKl 

close of the section. Poppo, Goeller, and Bloomf., with Kistem., place 
a comma after aTriororepovy, and connect es tovs aXXovs with the 
following words : more incredulous in respect to what is said against 
others. But the hrevity of the construction, as well as the sentiment, 
is marred by such a method of punctuation, and the charge of indefi- 
niteness, which is brought against the common pointing, is removed by 

supplying from the context kut avriov with Xeyancv. avrov refers 

to the characteristic of the Lacedasmonians just alluded to. aoacPpo- 

a~uvT]v^ moderation.^ wise caution. Some interpret it here, the demeanor 

of a just and upright character. dfia'^ia xPW^^^ ^"^ V^'^ ^^^ 

the more ignorant of affairs abroad (i. e. out of Lacedsemon) = you 
labor under greater ignorance in respect to the affairs of other states. 

2. a. . . .^XdnTea^ai., in ichdt respect we were about to be injured by 
the Athenians = what injuries we were about to receive from the Athe- 
nians. For the construction of a — ^Xdnrea-^ai^ cf. N. on ri aX\o— 

i^StKjJcrSat, I. 67. § 3. 776/31 a)V = Trepl eKcivcov a. rfjv fia^rjcriv 

eTrocela^ie = ifxav^dv€T€ (Mt. § 421. Obs. 4) only a little stronger, you 

did not mahe the improvement (which you ought). dXKd vttc- 

yoetre, but you rather suspected the speakers. Poppo and Goeller make 
Toav \iy6vT(i)V depend on the latter part of the sentence, the formula cby 
Xeyovcrt being the same as if it had been written aKka tcov Xeyovrcov to 
\eyiiu €V€K€P t5>v avTois Ibia diacjiopcov VTrei'oeTrf, you suspected that the 
speahing of the speakers arose from private interests., or, as our idiom 
would demand, you suspected the speakers., that they spake from private 
interest. But there is no difficulty in constructing Ta>v Xeyovrcov with 

vTrei/oflre. Of. K. § 273. 5. f ; Mt. §§ 342. 3 ; 296. 3. eV/ca rS>p 

avTois I8ia bia(}i6pa>v, on account of those things^ which are advantage- 
ous to them apart from others {=for their private advantage). Idia is 
used adverbially and may be translated by an adjective. irdax'^t-v-, 

SC. -fjixas. eneibfj iv rco epyo) icrjiev = " eneidrj fjbr] ra ovtl ndar)(0[J.€Vy 

quo tempore jam injuriam accipimus.'''' Poppo. eV tw 'dpyca =, in ipso 

articulo perpessionis. Trpoo-r'jKei. . . .exop.€v, we have the greater 

right {ovx fJKLo-ra = fidXtcrra) to speak^ by as much as we have the 
greater charges to make. When two superlatives in two different 
propositions, are compared with each other by means of roaovra — 
oo-o), the former of these words is sometimes omitted, especially when 
the proposition with oo-o) follows. Cf. Mt. § 462 ; Jelf 's Ktihn. § 870. 
Obs. 1. 

3. d<^aveis irov opres^ being in anyiDise concealed from 'view = in a 

clandestine manner. hv belongs to Trpoo-eSet, there would be need 

of. u>s (= utpote) ovK tiSoo-i (sc. v/xTv), for you who did not know 

it. Cf. S. § 201. N. 4. hv refers to tovtovs or rjpids the omitted 



Chap. LXIX] ' K T E S . 297 

subject of ixaKp]yope7v. Keference appears to be had in SeSovXo)- 

fievovs to the JEginetso, and in ro7s 5' em^ovXevovras avrovs (a varied 
construction for rovs S' eVtiSouXeuo/zeVouf), to tlie Potidaeans and Mega- 

reans. avrovs refers to the Athenians. ovk ^Kiara. See N. on 

§ 2 supra. ^vixfidxcis is in apposition with toIs Se. cic rroXKov 

npoTrapeo-Kevaa-fievovs (sc. Spare from the context) ' cos crvveidoras ras 
lavrcov afxaprias, Ka\ yiyvuxTKOvras cos Traz/ro)?, ovk dve^op-eta, dXka tto- 

Xeixfjo-op-ev. Schol. ei nore 7to\ep.r]<TOVTaL (= future passive. Cf. 

Soph. Gr. Yerbs, p. 37), if ever they should be warred upon. 

4. oil yap e^x^i^t f^'^ otherwise (i. e. had not their systematic 

design been to enslave Greece), they icould not have withdrawn Cor- 
cyra (from us) and held it in spite of us. Steph. and Duker think 
that vno- here denotes, in a secret^ or underhand manner. For v-Koka- 
Qovres — er^oi/, see N. on 1. 53. § 2 (end). /3ia ^ftwi/. Cf. N. on 1. 43. 

§ 3. hv ro /x€i/, the one of which^ i. e. Potida^a. eVre is to be 

suppHed in this sentence. Trphs ra inl OpaKrjs dnoxprja^at = npos 

ra eVi QpqKTjs (see N. on I. 80. § 2) acrre aTroxprjcr'^ai ro2s eVi Qpa.K-qs^ 
ut plenum fructum percipiatis ex terris vestris ad Thraciam sitis. 
Goeller. Thus also Arnold: so as to give you the full l)enefit of your 

dominion in the neighljorhood of Thrace. 17 Se, i. e. Cor cyra 

ar napeorx^i would furnish. 



CHAPTER LXIX. 

The Lacedjemonians are blamed, for having suffered the Athenians to fortify their city and 
build the Long "Walls, thus enabling them to enslave even the allies of the Peloponnesian 
confederacy (§ 1) ; their tardiness in convoking an assembly of the allies, and their want 
of a definite plan are alse reproved (§ 2) ; the crafty and stealthful movements of the 
Athenians will become more open and decided, if they perceive that the Lacedaemonians 
know their designs, and yet make no effort to frustrate them (§ 3) ; the Lacedaemonians 
are sarcastically told that they conquer by delay, and seek to fight the enemy when their 
strength is doubled (§ 4) ; that the same sluggishness which they manifested in the I'er- 
sian war, characterizes their movements in relation to the aggressive policy of the Athe- 
nians, to whose blunders the Corinthians have been indebted more for success, than to 
any assistance from the Lacedaemonians (§ 5) ; an apology is made for the apparent 
severity of these charges against the Lacedaemonians (§ 6). 

1. Toii/Se refers to the aggressive movements of the Athenians, 

which have been referred to in the preceding chapter. Ka\ varepov 

responds to ro re irpcoTov in the previous proposition. ra fxaKpa— 

Teixrji the long walls. By these walls a fortified way was open from 



298 NOTES. [BookL 

Athens to lier three ports, Pirseus, Munychia, and Phalerus, cf which 
the former was by far the largest and most celebrated, being capable 
of containing 300 ships. The southern wall was built by Themistocles, 
and was 35 stadia long and 40 cubits high. The northern wall was 
built by Pericles, and was 40 stadia long, and of the same height as 
the other. Such was the breadth of these walls, that two wagons 
could pass each other on the top without coming in contact. Besides 
these two walls, there seems to have been a third or Phaleric wall, 

concerning which, see !N". on II. 13. § 6. is robe re aet, up to this 

time continually. rovs vfierepovs — ^vufxaxovs, i. e. the -^ginetse, 

Megareans, and Potidaeans. ov yap bpa, for not the one who 

enslaves (is the principal offender), l)ut he who, haviiig the power to 
prevent, holes on (and permits it), is more really the agent of the trans- 
action = to him, who does not exert the power which he possesses, in 
ptreventing one from deing enslaved- onore truly delongs the guilt of the 
transaction, than to him, who actually performs the deed. This sen- 
tence confirms the charge made in the preceding rwi/Se vfieh amoi, 
and is therefore introduced by yap confrmantis. See N. on I. 53. § 2. 

avTo, i. e. TO bovkova'iai. ctnep. . . .(f)epeTai, if he also (icaY) claims 

for himself the reputation (rriv d^iaaLu) for virtue, as the deliverer of 
Greece. Arnold quotes Hermann ad Yiger, N. 310: "eiVep SoKfi o-ot 
dicimus ei de quo non certo scimus quid ei placeat, aut de quo id 
nescire simulamus. eiye boKel aoi dicimus ei de quo scimus quid ei 
placeat," and remarks that the sense is : if he makes a pretension to 
the merit of being the deliverer of Greece, we cannot say whether he 
does make it, but if he does, then, etc. eXeuSepo'co, / am a liberator^ 
as ^euyo) signifies among other things, / ami an exile, and viKaui, I am 
a conqueror. 

2. /xdXty, tardily. re (for which Poppo would read ye) refers 

to KOL ovde vvv, loth — and also now (that we are met together) not for 
any evident purpose {em (pavepois). The Schol. explains eVi (^avepois 
by Kcu vvv yap a/x<^i/3aXXerai, et dhiKovpe'^a, doubtless from the fol- 
lowing context, which is indeed epexegetical, yet not so as to give the 

sense to eVi cfyavepols, assigned it by this Schol. yap in the next 

clause implies an ellipsis, for (if we had met together for any definite 
purpose) tJiere would de no 7ieed to inquire, whether we have been in/- 
jured or not (the proof of it being so clear and abundant), hut in what 
manner (kqS' on, i. e. /<a3' o,tl) we may avenge oursehes. On the mat- 
ter here complained of by the Corinthians, Poppo remarks : " Etenim 
conventus sociorum non a Lacedajmoniis hoc ipso concilio, ut helium 
dece:*nerent, indictus erat, sed Corinthiis auctoribus midti legati Spar- 
tam venerant." Cf. I. 67. § 1. oi yao. ., .inepxcvrai, for thesa 



Chap. LXIX.] NOTES. 299 

(i. e. the Athenians) acting from plana already formed^ are now attack- 
ing^ and not ahout to attach those^ who have come to no decision. After 
examining with care all the interpretations, -which this difficult passage 
has received, I have convinced myself, that the above is the true 
translation, although others will perhaps think differently. Bloomf. 
quotes Goeller's interpretation, by which dpcovres is made to denote 
the cause of jSe^ovXev/^eVoi = " decided because up and doing ^ But it 
seems to me more natural to make ^ejBovXevfAevoi the cause or ground 
of the action expressed in dpcovres. Such a translation also meets more 
fully the antithesis, which exists between ^e^ovXevfxevoL and ov duyvco- 
Koras. I concur with Poppo in regarding oi as put for the demonstra- 
tive pronoun, instead of the article belonging to dpoovres^ since in that 
case we should suppose that adiKa would have been added, or that it 
would have been ol yap dbiKovpres. The reader will easily perceive an 
antithesis between ^8t] — inepxovTai and ov fUWovras (sc. enepxecr^iai). 

3. /cat, yes^ indeed. kut oXlyov. neXas = dy little and little 

they encroach upon their neigMors. Xav'^dveiv .... u/naii/, when they 

think (see IST. on I. 13. § 6) they escape detection through your inatten- 
tion. Betant explains to dvaicx'^ryrov (see N". on ro ttio-tov, I. 68. § 1), 
stupor.^ negligentia. The expression is intended to be somewhat se- 
vere, yet should not be translated stupidity^ a term far too offensive 
to have suited the purpose of the Corinthians, which was to sting, but 
not to provoke to anger their powerful auxiliaries, the Lacedsemoni- 
ans. That the word denotes simply mwhservance.^ want of attention.^ 
is also seen from its antithesis with iiboras in the next sentence. The 
general sentiment is this : as long as the inactivity of the Lacedaemo- 
nians, in respect to the unjust acts here conjplained of, was found to 
result from inattention or want of knowledge, the Athenians adopted 
a cautious and timid policy ; but now, when they know (as they must 
hereafter) that it arises from a disregard and negligence, which the 
most certain intelligence cannot affect, they will press on more vigor- 
ously and courageously in the work of enslaving their neighbors. 

4. yap may refer to laxvpois iyKeia-ovrai^ the ellipsis being : (and 
no wonder) for you alone of the Greeks^ etc. ; or it may introduce the 
proof of the foregoing proposition =: your indifference and inattention 
is plainly seen, for you alone., etc. I prefer the former interpretation, 

as being more simple and natural. rjj pfXXrjcrei, " dy threatening 

demonstrations. p,eXXr}a-is implies the holding the stick constantly 
lifted up, but never striking." Arnold. " Proxime sequentia docent, 
cunctationem Lacedssmoniorum argui, quippe qui putarent, cunctando 
rem posse restitui ; quare eos desides potius, quam cantos et providos 
{da^akcis) porhibent Corinthii." Haack. yiovoi. Repeat 'EXXjj- 



300 N"OTES. [Booi 1 

va>v.  dpxofievrjv rfjv av^Tjcriv, " the incipient increase.'''' Bloonif. 

dnrXaaiov^eirqv belongs to rfjv av^rjcnv in the modified sense of 

strength. It is not easy to find a specimen of more bitter sarcasm, 
liianis contained in this section. Its effect rtn the Lacedsamonians 
must have been highly exasperating. 

5. /catVoi . . . . cKparet, and yet (notwithstanding yonr remissness) 
you were spolcen of as ieing sure (i. e. firm and trusty friends), dut then 
the report of this (u>v = tov ao-^aXets ehai) exceeds the thing itself i. e. 
the fact as it reaUy is. " apa is used to denote something which has 
come suddenly and unexpectedly upon the mind, so as to produce sur- 
prise and wonder thereat." Jelf 's Ktlhn. § 789. 4. Bauer and Poppo, 
however, take apa in the sense of ut nunc aj^paret^ and cov (i. e. nepl 
Ziv. Mt. § 342. 1) 6 Xdyoy, they render, fama de tolls. Goeller also 
refers it to the Lacedsemonians. But cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 820. Ols. ; Mt. 
§ 439, where examples are cited to show, that av is a neuter relative 
referring to a previous sentence, rov tpyov eKparei. Kiihner (§ 275. 
c) ranks this with the causal genitive, inasmuch as a ruler necessarily 
supposes a subject, and a subject a ruler. But I prefer with Matthias 
(§ 859. Obs. 1) to take Kpareiv in the sense of Kpficra-oi elvat^ and thus 
to refer the genitive to the idea of comparison contained in the verb. 

S. § 198. 2. yap introduces two examples of the procrastinating 

spirit of the Lacedaemonians. It is therefore -yap confrmantis. Cf. 

N. on I. 53. § 2. rov — M^Sov, the hing of the Persians.^ just as 6 

*Apfi€PLos and 6 ^Aa-avpios in Xen. Cyrop. are put for the Armenian 
king., and the Assyrian king. That Xerxes instead of Darius Hystas- 
pis is referred to, is evident from eVi ttjv HeXonovvrjo-ov, which could 
not be applied to the first Persian invasion, as that was directed 

against Athens. eK nepdrav yrjs, from the extremities of the earth. 

A similar hyperbole is found in Matt. 12 : 42. d^ias is added, 

because of the inadequacy in numbers of the forces first raised and 

sent out under Leonidas to Thermopylso. TTpoanavrrjcrai is put 

after nporepov — 7. S. § 223. 3. eKelvov refers to the Persian king. 

Trepiopdre. See N. on I. 24. § 6. dvrt tov eVeXSeti' avroi^ in- 
stead of you yourselves invading. K. § 308. 2. b. For the nominative 

with the infinitive, cf. Mt. § 586. iniovras depends on dp.vvea-'iai. 

€s Tvxas KaTaa-TTJvai, to expose yourselves to fortune (= the 

chances of war) h/ contending with them., when they are much stronger 
(than they were at first). For the conijtruction of dycBj/i^o/zewt, see 

N. on I. 9. § 4. eVio-rd/xei/ot (see 1^. on oVrey, I. 7. § 1) — a(f)a\(VTa. 

When followed by the participle eTriarTaa-^iai and eldevai signify to 
know, by the infinitive, to know Jiow to do something, to he ahle. Cf. K. 
I 311, 2. rreot avra, l)y himself i. e. by his own fault. The SchoL 



Cnu' LXX.] NOTES. 301 

refers this particu.ai'ly to the battle at Salamis. ra TrXt'o), for the 

most part. Trpos avrovs tovs ' A'iiTjvalovs = eV ra noken^a tm irpbs 

avTovs TOVS 'A'^Tjvaiovs. noWa = TroXXaKis. ^M"?! i- C. the 

Corinthians and their allies. toIs afiaprrjfxaaiv^ hy their errors, 

dlunders. Trepiyeyevrjiievovs depends on iTrLardfxevoL. a(/)' rjfjLMV. 

Bekker, Poppo, Goeller, and Arnold edit d(/)' t-jMcov, referring it to the 

Lacedsomonians, who were not included in the preceding 17/Liay. 

*7ret. See N". on I. 12. § 1. at ye vfierepai eXTriSey, the hopes placed 

in you. On these words Haack remarks : brevius et obscurius dic- 
tum' pro at eXnides Tipiopias tivos dcf> vp-Siv. The possessive pronoun 
stands here for the objective genitive. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 652. Ohs. 6 ; 

S. § 162. TLvas "fortasse ad Euboeenses, I. 114. spectat, saltem ad 

Potida3atas, I. 58. Idem postea accidit Mytileneois, III. 2, et seq." 

Poppo. Sta TO Tna-Tcvaac is to be taken with dnapao-Kevovs. 

6. firjdch vpwv = vopiar], let no one of you thinJc. S. § 218. 8. 

i-TT ex^pa, from enmity. to nXeov 77 aiVi'a = and not rather in the 

way of remonstrance. aiVia in the sense of reprehension, dlame, 

is here opposed to KaTT]yopia, accusation, criminal charge. (fitXa>v 

dvdpo)v. The Schol. supplies Kara, but there is no necessity, as it is 

the objective genitive after airt'a. dpapTavovTcov, who have erred 

(see N. on I. 8. § 1), is opposed to ddiKrjo-dvTosv. 



CHAPTEK LXX. 

The orator, after slightly apologizing for the tone of rebuke in which the Corinthians in- 
dulged, on the ground that they had been the greatest suflTerers, charges the Lacedsenion- 
ians with being ignorant of what sort of people the Athenians are, and how widely 
different from themselves (§ 1) ; the Athenians are fond of innovations, quick to invent 
and execute, the Lacedsemonians are content with present things, slow to plan, and ac- 
complish only what is absolutely necessary (§ 2) ; those are bold and confident, these 
cautious and distrustful (§ 3) ; those are restless and continually roaming abroad in order 
to gain something more, these are procrastinators and timid in respect to the enlargement 
of their possessions ; they pursue their advantages to the utmost, and maintain their con- 
fidence even in defeat (§ 4) ; their bodies are employed in the service of the state, as if 
they belonged wholly to others, but their minds they use as most peculiarly their own, 
to promote her welfare (§ 5) ; while they regard themselves as deprived of what is their 
own, by failing to secure the object of their aim, their ambition to acquire is never sat- 
isfied with present gain, and every loss is repaired by the confident expectation of some- 
thing else in its place (§ 6) ; of all men, they have the least enjoyment in what they 
nossess, and deem it a great evil to be inactive (§ 7); in short, they neither enjoy rest 
iJiemselves, nor sufiier others to enjoy it (§ 8). 

1. Koi apa, moreover, besides. etVep tlvIs Ka\ aWoi, if any 

fillers =:if any lody else. Benedic, in order to rid the Corinthi 



302 NOTES. [BookL 

ans of the charge of too much arrogance, separates rot? neXas by a 
comma fi-om yp-6yov (blame) eireveyKelp^ and supplies vfxlv. But upon 
what then can vols ttcXos depend? It is evident that under the in- 
definite term rois Tre'Xay, the Lacedaamonians are referred to. 

(iWcos. . . . KaSf o-rcorcof, especially when such great interests are involved. 
Tcov 8ia(})ep6vTa)v. Cf. II. 43. § 5 ; YI. 92. § 5. "Loquitur de ingeni- 
orum morumque discrimine, quod inter Athenienses et Lacedsemoziios 
obtinebat." Haack. But such an anticipation of what is just about 
to be brought forward in so natural and easy a way, is certainly very 
unlike what might be expected from such a writer as Thucydides. 
And besides, we should have expected bia^6pa>v instead of diacfiepov- 

roji/, and also the explanatory adjunct vp,a)v koI tcov ^ A'^rjvaloiv. 

riixiv yf, to US at least (however you may have appeared to others). 

ISTotice this restrictive use of ye. ovS' .... earai, nor ever to have 

considered what sort of persons the Athenians are^ against whojn you 
will have to contend^ and how much^ yes (koi), how entirely tliey differ 
from you. olovs — ^K^-qvalovs ovras = oloi elatv *A'^Tjvaioi rrpos ovs^ by 
attraction of the relative. K. § 332. 7 ; S. § 175. d. vixlv is to be con- 
structed with 6 dya)u earai. 

2. ye in ol fiev ye denotes the reason of what has just been said. 
Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 735. 4, The comparison between the Athenians 
and Lacedemonians, which now follows, has ever been regarded as a 
masterpiece of its kind, and has been often imitated by subsequent 
writers. The antitheses are all pointed and well balanced, the com- 
parisons are bold and striking, and the delineation of these rival states 
is so accurate and well drawn, that it needs only to be once looked at, 

to be forever impressed upon the mind. veareporroLoi^ '•'' projectors 

vf novelty.'''' Bloomf.; ^'■revolutionary.''' Liddell and Scott. Cf. Miiller's 
Dorians, II. p. 4. iinvorja-ai o^eiy, qidch to devise.^ of quich invention. 

See !N". on I. 60. § 5 (end). eTvireXeaai epya, to accomp)lish indeed 

= to ca/rry into execution. 6 = e/celi/o o. vp.els be. Supply 

Uavoi^ or some such adjective from the preceding 6^e2s. iniyvcovai 

uTjdev^ to devise nothing new (" excogitare non aliquid novi.^' Betant) 
literally, nothing in addition to the present. This expression is op 
posed to the preceding einvoria-ai. So also epyco — i^iKea'^ai {to accom- 
plish.^ execute) is antithetic to the foregoing eniTeXeaai epya. 

S. Kol napa dvmp.iv, even deyond their strength, " supra «^V^s." 

Betant. irapa yva>p.rjv, " heyond the limits of prudence.'''' Bloomf. ; 

''''prceter animi voluntatem.''^ Poppo. eveXmbes, of good Jiope, 

cheerful. to 8e vpeTepov, it is your method. "The possessive 

pronoun in the neuter is sometimes put for the personal pronoun.'' 
Wi. § 46G. 3. Hero it stands with irpa^ai, for vpels with the finite 



Chai. lxx.] notes. 303 

verb. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. §\436. Ols. 1. r^y re. . . .Trpa^ai, ^^ not to 

act up to your powers^ Liddell and Scott. Poppo thinks that the 
idea of comparison lies in eVSea, so that it may be translated, to acMem 

less than you have the dbility to do. tj^s- re yva>iir}s — roTy ^e^alois 

= TTJ ^e^aia yvMfjLTj. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 442. a. rcov re deiuau 

depends on a7roXu37jo-eo-3ai (so. u/ios), you will he released from. 
This clause answers to eVl rots beivois eveXnides supra. 

4. Koi fi^v Ka'i^ and furthermore.^ and indeed also^ is often used 

when some new point in the discourse is taken up. npos v}xa.s 

fj^XKrjTas^ in comparison with you lingerers. Cf. I. 69. § 4. dno- 

drjfjiaTai, roamers.^ peregrinators. To this ivbrjiiorarovs is opposed. 

TT] anovcria civ tl /cracrSai, that hy their absence they may acquire some- 
thing. Absence on military expeditions is here referred to, inasmuch as 

TT] airovaia is opposed to rw iirek'^eiv^ hj invading (others). v/zeTy. 

Supply oteo-Set from the context. ra irolfia (= to, vTvapxovra) refers 

to that which is ready at hand (see N. on I. 20. § 3), and hence is 

easily applied to possessions already acquired. rcdv ex^P^^ depends 

on Kparovvres. i^ip^ovrai. Abresch supplies rb Kparelv, longissime 

victoriam persequuntw\ or avrovs^ hostcs ulciscuntur. Bauer, Avhom 
Poppo follows, more correctly takes e^epxovrai in a neuter sense, lon- 
gissime progrediuntur^ i. e. they push forward and occupy much terri- 
tory, and thus enjoy the fruit of victory. eV eXaxio-rou (= ovde 

eXdxia-Tov. Schol.) belongs to dvanlnTovaiv. This verb signifies to de 
dispirited., dejected^ the metaphor being taken from the motion of a 
rower, who inclines backwards as he pulls the oar (Xen. CEconom. 
VIII. § 8), or from a man falling backward from a chariot (Soph. 
Elect. 729), and hence by an easy transition it is applied to mental de- 
pression. Some, however, take the verb here in the sense of recedunt. 

5, en Se', and moreover., and besides, dWoTpLoirdTOLs, as if he^ 

longing wholly to others., so insensible to pain do they seem, and so 
regardless of hardship. aKkoTpKOTdTots = wcrre uvai dWoTpitaTara, or 
(oa-Tvep ovaiv dWoTpicoTdrois. The commentators cite Greg. Naz. p. 41, 
where he says, that the martyrs bore with cheerfulness their suffer- 
ings, coaTrep iv dWoTpiois (rafiacTiv ; and Isocrat. . ap. Plut. de Glor. 
Athen. rovs iv MnpaScoj't TrpoKivdwevovrai^ coanrep dWorpiais ■yj/^vxf^i'S 
(f)T](ras ivayooviaaa'^at. To which citations Bloomf. adds Joseph. 1253. 
10. Koi ray A//'i;;^ay ;)(a)picrain-ey 0776 Ta>v crciip-dTai, dp(poTipois ojy aXXo- 
rpioLs i'xpavTo. By the force of the antithesis rfj yvotpr] be olKeiordTTj 
has this sense, hut they use their mind as most especiallg their own^ 
i, e. they employ their mind with the most perfect independence, in 
projecting new plans for the aggrandizement of their state. The gen- 
eral argument is, that although the Athenians yielded up their bodies 



304 NOTES. - [Book i 

to the service of their country, as freely as if they did not belong to 
them, yet in the exercise of their judgment, they were free and inde- 
pendent, and invented each for himself new modes of advancing the 
interests of their city. 

6. a fxeu nV, whatever, av with the relative and subjunctive be- 
longs to the relative, to wliich it gives indefiniteness. Cf. Jelf's 
Kiihn. § 828. 2. For the construction of the relative, cf. Mt. § 481. 
01)s. 1. (Is €K(7ua is omitted after e^eXScoo-ii/, and is the antecedent of 

a. oiKela orepeo-Sai. Some editions have oiKeioiv. But (TTTjpe'ip 

often takes two accusatives. Cf. K. 280. K. 3 ; Mt. § 418 ; S. § 184. 

N. 2. oXiya. . . .7rpd^avT€s, they think {rjyovvrai^ to be supplied from 

the preceding context) that what they have chanced to perform is small, 
compared with whut they are about to achieve (npos to. fxeXKovra). Con- 
struct Tvx^'iv with Ttpa^avTcs (S. § 225, 8), and consider the omitted 
object of npd^avTes as the antecedent of a. Some take npd^avres as an 
infinitive after fjyovvrat, and make to. p-eWovra tvx^^v (or eKetva Siv 
fieWovcTL Tvx^^v) equivalent to ra p-eWovra yevrjaea^iai or ^vp(3a'ivciv. 
But i7yeto-Sai is not among the verbs which are followed by a partici- 
ple in place of the infinitive (cf. Mt, § 534. b ; K, § 310) ; and besides, 

neither of these equivalents can be put for ra fieWovra rvx^lv. 

Kai, even. tov, i. e, nvos. Trelpa limits acj^aXcocnv. diatXTrt- 

cravT€s aXKcL, l)y hoping (see IsT. on I. 0. § 1) other things in its stead, 

i. e. as a compensation for their misfortune. eTrXTjpaxrav has the 

sense of the present to express customary action. Cf. K. § 256. 4. b ; 
S, § 211, N. 2. exovai. . . .€7rtuorj(Ta)(ri, they have and hope for what- 
ever they are planning in like manner, i. e. they possess as soon as tliey 
wish ; they have and wish at the same time, so rapid are they in the 
execution of what they have determined upon (5ia to rax^lav k. r. X,). 
The Schol. notices, as the order of the states of mind and acts here 
spoken of, plan, expectation, action, possession. a:=iK€'iva a. So av (in 
the next clause) = eKeivcov a, the antecedent depending on iirXx^iprjaiv. 

7. Koi . . . . po^ovai, and through all their lives, they toil at all 
these things with labor and danger, iiox^oxxn is here followed by 

ravra as its cognate accusative. See N. on I. 5, § 2. Sia t6 

del KTacrtai. furnishes the reason, why the Athenians have little en- 
joyment in their possessions, viz, because they are continually busy in 

acquiring more. kcu. . . .irpa^ai, and they consider nothing else a 

festive day, tlian to do something necessary ; or more freely, they re- 
gard no day as a festive one, but that in which they are engaged in 
some necessary business, i. e. they make it their highest amusement, to 
be occupied in the business which they have on hand. The Schol. 
says that allusion is had to the opposite conduct of the Spartans, who 



CuAT. LXXL] NOTES. 305 

in tlie time of their festivals (e. g. at the Hy&,<jiiithia and Carnea), ab- 
stained from active ^ar. Of. Miiller's Dorians, II. p. 259. ija-v 

xlap. Eepeat mentally 7;-yeto-3at, which here and in the preceding 
section is followed by two accusatives. Cf. K. § 280. 4 ; S. § 185. 

8. 6t Tis — ^vveXcbv (pair]^ if one should sjyeaJc drieJly = to speah 
driejly^ to say in a word. — — avroiis is the subject of TrecfiVKevai. 

The subject of e'xeiv is the avrovs immediately preceding it. wi/ 

Repeat ex^iv rjavxlav. 



CHAPTER LXXI. 

The Lacedsemonians are charged with hesitation, although opposed by such a state, and 
with the erroneous notion that safety consists not in promptness to avenge an injury, biit 
in doing no liarm to others, and in Kcciving no injury in self-defence (§ 1) ; such a policy 
was unsuited to the present times, and useful only in states enjoying tranquillity under 
the influence of unchanged institutions, whereas the Athenian customs were formed on a 
model entirely new (§§ 2, 8) ; the Lacediemonians are therefore exhorted to succor the 
Potidffians, by an immediate irruption into Attica, unless they wished the Corinthians 
and their other confederates to seek some other alliance (§ 4), which in such circum- 
stances they could do without the guilt of perfidy (§ 5) ; but to which course they 
would by no means resort if they were aided (§ 6); wherefore they should deliberate 
well, in order that the Peloponnesian confederacy may suffer no diminution from their 
hands (§ 7). 

1. TovT-qs TToXeo)?, yet altliougJh (see N. on I. V. § 1) such a state 

is arrayed against you. ravTTjs — Toiavrrjs, this — of such a sort = 

this^ so formidable. koL oieo-Se ttju Tjavx'iav k. t. X. In this pas- 
sage there is some obscurity from the position of ov., and the want of 
conformity to the preceding structure in the closing words, rb icrov 
ve/xeve^ which, as Haack and Goeller observe, should have been dXka 

KOI eKeivots — ot av irrl rco firj Xynelv — to "lctov veficocri, as though the 
sentence had commenced with kol ovk o'Uo-^e ttjv rjo-vx^av tovtois — 
dpKelv. The irregularity of construction, however, renders the sen- 
tence more emphatic, by avoiding the construction with the relative 
{(Kfivois — 01 av — veixacri). In respect to the words in detail, tovto7s 

limits dpKelv (suppetere^ permanere. Betant). rcov dv^ipdoTrcov is the 

genitive denoting the whole after rovrots, to those of men = to those 

men. eVi nXela-rov is not, as Reisk. translates, quam maxime, but 

lo7igissime. So Arnold : they enjoy the longest peace. -nj napa 

o-KcvT}^ as opposed to rfj yvoDixrj^ is to be taken nearly in the sense of 
ro) epyo). So Levesqu. renders it : dansles enterprises. The word *. 
used, doubtless, to denote the apparatus of war, sufficiently great to 



306 NOTES. [BooKl 

repel any aggression of rights^ and yet not employed in the prosecutiou 
of unjust enterprises. Blooraf. adheres to the translation given in his 
first edition, in [vitce] institutione. Arnold paraphrases the passage, 
and pays no special attention to the word, Avhich has received differ- 
ent shades of translation from almost every annotator. rjv dbiKav- 

rai is to be taken with iTrirpe-^ovTes^ and not with drfKot oxri as Gottl. 
supposes. For the personal instead of the impersonal construction of 
drjXoi^ see K. on I. 93. § 2. In respect to the use of the future parti- 
ciple imTpi\}/-ovTe^^ to express the existing fact of something about to 

happen, cf. Jelf's Kiihn. § 681. Ois. eVt. . . .j/e/xere, ^ou deal justly 

(i. e. practise what is just) on this principle (eVi) not to injm^ others^ 
and to receive no injwry yourselves in self-defence. The sense of iir) — 
re and kol — /it) is here, not only not — l)ut also not^ which gives em- 
phasis to the second member, in which lies the reproach. Bloomf , 
after Bredow, Miill. and Goell., gives to eVt t<» /xj) \virelv — rb Xaov 
v€fi€T€ the sense : ye malce justice consist in the not doing injury. But 
this, as Bloomf. himself acknowledges, is not supported by the usus 
loquendi^ and how could the Corinthians blame them for entertaining 
such an idea of justice ? eVi here denotes a principle or condition of 

action. Cf. K. § 296. II. 3. b. afxwoyicvoi belongs to iir] ^Xdrrre- 

a'^ai as a participle of means (see IsT. on I. 9. § 1). The idea is, that 
the Lacedemonians never suffered themselves to be harmed in self-de- 
fence, and were unwilling to run any hazard in repelling aggressions. 
It is singular that Bloomf. should translate this clause : in rejyelling in- 
jury so as not to he harmed,, inasmuch as promptness in repelling in- 
jury was the very thing to which the Oorinthians were inciting the 
Lacedaemonians, and no fault could surely be found with them in doing 
this in such a way as to receive little or no harm. This translation 
also makes the antithesis to he in /i^ Xvireiv and dnwojxevoi jjlt}, where- 
as it evidently is to be found in ^17 XvTreip and /z^ jSXdTrreo-Sat. In 
few places is more difficult Greek to be found than in this section. 

2. ofjioia^ i. e. of like peaceful institutions and character. A Scho- 
liast explains this : ofioyvajjiovi. Poppo and Bloomf. prefer the expla- 
nation of another Scholiast : ra laa ^j/Xovot;, SC. iTnrqbevfxara. 

apTi evbrjXoxTaixev. Cf. vfiels . . . . firjdev, I. 70. §2. apxaioToona, 

odsolete^ antiquated. npos avrovs (i. e. Trpos ra avTaiv\ in cmn- 

parison with their institutions. Cf. Mt. § 453 ; S. § 202. 2. N. 1. 
Steph. very justly elicits from the preceding proposition and adds to 

this, the clause n(os av tovtov Tvyxdvoire. dvdyKT] .... Kparelv is a 

brief expression, says Poppo, for dvdyKq he del {kol iv toIs eVirT^Seu- 
uaai) TO. iinyLyvopLfva Kparilv^ coo-Trep rex^^ "" ''"" eTTiyiyvofxeva {tliose 
things which are latest) Kparel. The genitive rexvrjs (= eV rrj Texvri) 



Chap. LXXI.J NOTES. 307 

depends on ra emyiyvoiieva to be supplied from the context, and not 
on 8ta or Trepi, as Bloomf. supposes. 

8. fja-vxaCovo-rj fiep TroXet (to a city indeed in a state of rest) limits 
apiara, the copula eariv being omitted. S. § 150. 4. — — npos ttoXXu 

• — i'eVai, '"'■multis negotiis impUcare.^'' Poppo. eVi nXeov viia>v = 

in\ likiov rmv vixcov^ Or eVi ttXcoj/ rj to. v/xmi', since ra Tutv 'A^rjpaicov 
precedes. Goeller. 

4. fie'vpt. . . ./SpaSurJ]?, thus far (and no further) let your sluggish- 
ness go ; " let your sluggishness hate reached its full limits^ Crosby, 
§ 577. Arnold puts /xe;^pt fx^v ovv rovbe u>pl(T^(o for ix^xP'- TovSe irpo- 

eX^ovo-a iu^iavra wpio-3&). The Ohalcidians, Bottiseans, etc. are 

referred to in rois re aXkois. Kara rdxos eV/3aXoj^es, dy maJcmg a. 

speedy irruption. See N. on I. 9. § 1. Krlig. constructs Kara rdxos 

with j3o7/377crare. iva has here its telic sense. See IST. on I. 65. § 1. 

^vyyevels. The Potidseans were a colony of Corinthians, and, as 

belonging to the great Doric family, were also kinsmen of the Lace- 

dcsmonians. jrpos irepau riva ^vp.fxaxiav^ i. ©• the alliance of the 

Argives, who were hostile to the Lacedaemonians. 

5. 8pwp.€v S' au. The optative with av is used per modestiam. So 
in English, we should do (in case we performed the act) is a less offen- 
sive mode of expression, than we shall do^ assuming that the thing is 
to be certainly done (cf. K. § 260. 4. a ; S. § 215. 3). The protasis is 
here contained in the adverb ovTa)s^ which may be mentally supplied 

from the context. Cf. K. § 840. 1. irpbs Sewv, in the estimation of 

the gods. Cf. Xen. Anab. 11. 5. § 20. rav SpKicov = who preside 

oxer oaths. So we find the god of war, the god of eloquence, meaning 

the deities who preside over war and eloquence. ala'^avop.ivoiv is 

generally taken in the sense of ala'^rjaLv ixovrmv = <j)poviiJia>v {who are 
capahle of feeling and observing. Arnold), inasmuch as it would be 
very harsh to supply a pronoun referring to oaths, which have only 

been incidentally alluded to in Sewi/ roiv opKiav. Xvovcri has its 

subject in ol — irpoaiovres = cKelvoi ot Tvpoo-iacTLV. S. § 225. 1. bi 

iprip.iav, through desertion, iy reason of their abandoned estate. ol 

fixi ^orpovvT€S. Repeat \vovcn. oXs = eKelvois ois. 

6. ^ovK6p.evo»v (if you are willing) contains the protasis, as does 
also /xera/3aXXo/i6j/oi in the next clause. The protasis is often thus 

found in the participial clause. Cf. S. § 225. 6. fxevovp-eu in your 

alliance. oaia. " This word, like sacer, in Latin, has two appa- 
rently Opposite significations : to oaiov kol to dtKaiov, what is pious 
towards heaven and just towards men, and again, oaia koI Upa, things 
profane and things sacred. The first is the original sense of the word ; 
and its second signification arises from this, that those things which 



308 NOTES. [Bock 

may piously be touched or used, are those which are not sacred ; i. t\ 

which are profane." Arnold. ^vvrp^crrepovs^ more congenial (to 

us) in habits. 

7. TLekoTTovvT^aov . . . .irapiboaav., '"'' studete Peloponneso ita prceesse^ 
lit ea non minor »it quam^ etc." Poppo. Keil. thinks that eXda-fraj 
e^T/yfto-Sai is briefly spoken for iXda-aca KaraoTTJaai i^rf/ovyiivovs. 
Miiller (Dorians, I. p. 198. N.) translates e^T^yeto-Sai, ad Jinem (f^-) 
vrcBsitis^ i. e. (as Goeller thinks) porro facite^ ut prcesitis. To Haack 
the sense appears to be, " expedire Peloponnesum ex eo discrimine^ quo 
nunc implicata est^ sociis quibusdam propter metum ad aliam socie- 
tatem defecere conantibusy But it does not appear that any of the 
confederated states were attempting to revolt at this time, and Thucy- 
dides has nowhere, to my knowledge, employed e'lj^yeTo-Sai in this 
sense. I prefer, therefore, Poppo's explanation, as best answering 
the verbal demands, as well as those of the context. The general 
guidance and direction was not exercised, as Duk. supposes, over all 
Greece, but only over Peloponnesus. 



CHAPTEE LXXII. 

An Athenian embassy happening to be at Sparta, and hearing the charges bronght against 
their state by the Corinthians, judge it proper to respond a few things concerning the 
power and resources of their city, that thus the Peloponnesians might be less inclined to 
war (§ 1) ; presenting themselves, therefore, to the Lacedaemonians for this purpose, and 
leave being granted, they commence their oration (§§ 2, 3). 

1. Ta>p 8e 'AST/micoi/ eTv^f yap Trpea^eia. The construction is some- 
what irregular, there being no governing word of tcov "A^rjvaicov^ which 
stands first for the sake of emphasis. The word, therefore, is thrown 
for dependence on the explanatory clause, or rather, as Kiihn. (Jelf 's 
edit. § 786. Obs. 5) remarks, the two clauses are so compressed toge- 
ther, that the subject of the former is placed in the latter, and even 
follows the government thereof. The regular construction, according 
to Goeller, would be : tols de 'AST/i/aiou, ervx^ yap (= as) npea^eia 
(avTCJv) — napovaa^ koI cos — eSo^e napiTrjTea ; or as Arnold constructs and 
explains : Ta>v Oe 'A^T]vaia)v toIs npea^ecrL TrapaTvxovarL Tore •napa rois 
AaKcbatpovLOLS kol tcop Xoyoav alcr'^opivoLs^ eSo^e Trapn-qria elvai^ in -Eng- 
lish running thus: but the Athenians happening at that time to have an 
embassy at Lacedcemon^ and hearing what wa^ said^ resolved to address 
themselves to the Lacedmnonian government. Examples of a similar 
construction may be found in I. 115. § 3 ; VIII. 30. § 1. The principle, 
according to Goeller, is, that the subject of a proposition is always put 



CiiAP. LXXILJ NOTES. 309 

by the Greeks, as near the beginning of the sentence as possible, when 
a transition is made from one subject to another. The new subject 
being thus placed first, the reason of the predicate immediately follows, 
before the predicate itself, and the subject is made to depend gramma- 
tically upon this reason, rather than on the predicate. See Arnold's 
note, from which this rule of Goel. is cited. See also Mt. § 615. The 
confusion of the present passage is increased by the presence of /cat, in 
KoX cos ^a?i€To Tcop Xd-ywi/, which connects the principal sentence to th 
explanatory or subordinate one, and thus carries on its construction. 
Of. Mt, § 631. 2. Kriig. makes ^A'^Tjvaiav depend on TrpecrjSeia, and 

compares I. 115. § 4; YIII. 80. § 1. ervxe — wapova-a^ chanced to 

1)6 present. ciWcov than the business of replying to the Corinthi- 
ans. irepiTTjTea is followed by dnokoyrjcrofjLevovs in the accusative, 

because it is equivalent to napievai heiv (S. § 178. 2), tliey must go. Cf. 
Mt. § 447. 4; Butt. § 134. 10. N. 4. It will be seen, that the construc- 
tion changes from the future participle into the infinitive, at hrjkanrai 
he (cf Mt. § 532. c). The incorporation of the dependent with the 
participial clause by the infinitive, is less close than by the participle. 

Cf. Crosby, § 614. b. tovs AaKedaifiovlovs refers probably to the 

Ephori, as it is opposed to to ttXtjSos in § 2 infra. -* — cav follows ive- 

KoXovv as a genitive of the crime. S. § 194. 4. nepl tov jravTos, 

in a general way.  as — ctjy. The indicatiye in this substantival 

sentence after SrjXaxrai^ would have communicated absolute certainty, 
instead of probability, to the thing spoken of. Cf. K. § 329. Accord- 
ing to Mt. § 529. 2, the optative is employed because the time of the 
action is future. eV nXelovt. Supply xP^'^Vi since irKeiovL is op- 
posed to Tax€a>s. Acai afia introduces another reason why the Athe- 
nians made no reply to the charges of the Corinthians, viz. because 
they preferred to employ the occasion in descanting upon the great 
power of their city, in order thus to dampen the ardor of those who 

might otherwise be fierce for war. ttoXip is properly the subject 

of 617/, but is transferred for the sake of emphasis into the principal 
clause, and made the object of o-r)p.j]vai. So the Latins say: nosti 
Marcellum quam tardus sit = quam tardus sit Marcellus. See N". on 

I. 61. § 1. hvuap.iv is the accusative synecdochical. hv = eKel- 

vav a, of which equivalent, the antecedent limits vnopvqa-iv. So the 
next Ziv = iKeivoav q>v^ the relative taking the genitive after aneipoi. 

Mt. § 346. a ; S. § 187. 2. ck rav Xoycov^from these representations. 

2. To7s AaKchaipoviois. See N. on § 1 supra. is to ttX^Sos", to 

the assembly^ i. e. the same which the Corinthians had addressed. — »- 
61 Ti pr] dnoKcokvoi^ unless there should de some Jiinderance. Poppo 
from several MSS. edits dnoKcokvci. 



310 NOTES. [Book L 

3. oi 8\ i. e. tlie Ephori. 7rapeX3oj/rey, coming forward as an 

orator to speak. No difference in sense should here be sought be- 
tween liruvai and TrapeXSoKres-. 



CHAPTERS LXXIII.— LXXYIII. 



« 



In these chaptei's we have the speech of the Athenians. The exordium 
b brief, being contained in chap. TS. § 1. The argumentative part is com- 
prised in chap. '73. § 2 — chap. '7'7, and is divided into, 1, an enumeration of 
the great services of the Athenian state, especially in the Persian wars (chap. 
•73. § 2 to chap. '74) ; 2, a defence against the charge of ambition and unlaw- 
ful means to increase their power, which was brought against them by the 
Corinthians (chaps. '75-'7'7). The remaining chapter (78) contains the perora- 
tion, in which the Lacedaemonians are urged not to engage precipitately in 
war, but to obtain a redress of grievances by negotiation. This speech is 
admirably adapted to remove the impression made by the grave charges of 
the Corinthians, being a calm vindication of the conduct and policy of the 
Athenians, intersper^d with sundry references to their general pati'iotism, 
and remarks upon their good treatment of the allies. There is, however, 
throughout the whole oration a tone of firmness, indicative of the xmaltera- 
ble determination of the Athenians to adhere to the policy, upon which they 
had hitherto acted, and to make no concession, which would abridge their 
authority, or hinder the enlargement of their power and dominion. 



CHAPTER LXXIII. 

The Athenians (Vjmmence by stating that they came to Sparta on other business, but feel 
constrained, in view of the outcry raised against their state, to come forward, not to reply 
to the charges of the Corinthians, inasmuch as the tribunal was not competent to try the 
Athenians, but to show that their power was lawfully possessed, and that their Eervices 
entitled them to praise and honor (§ 1) ; without referring to things more remote, they 
w'ould recur to the Persian war, a reference which, however unpleasant to make so fre- 
quently, they deemed necessary, because they, if any, ought to be entitled to whatever 
good might result from a recapitulation of their services in this war (§2); this they 
should do, not in the way of deprecation, but to show against what a city war was now in 
contemplation (§ 3) ; at Marathon they engaged singly with the Persians, and in the battle 
of Salamis were present with all their forces, and thus helped to save the Peloponneslaa 
cities from being destroyed in detail (§ 4) ; of which the strongest proof was furnished by 
the Persian king, who hastily retreated, after the battle, with the greater part of his army 
(§5). 

1. avTikoyiav here takes the dative roi^ Ifierepoig, because allied in 
signification to dvriXeyeiv rm. Of. Mt. § 390 ; Jelf s Kuhn. § 602. OlfS. 



Chap. LXXIIL] NOTES. 311 

2. THe reading rjucTepois, found in some editions, is evidently erro- 
neous, for the Athenians were never the allies of the Corinthians, Imt 

were only at peace with them. nepl a>v = nepl iKeivav rrepl Si/, or 

nepl €K€LVQiv a, of which the relative is used synecdochically. ala'^o- 

fxevoi — ovaav. See N". on I. 20. § 3. Kara^orjv is also a verbal noun 

(like uvTtXoyiavX and, after the analogy of its verb, takes rjiicov in the 
genitive. See N. on I. 67. § 1. 7rapr}\?iofj.ev is followed by the sub- 
junctive (jSovXeuo-T^o-Se), because the act, although past in its perform- 
ance, is present in its purpose = we have come forward and now address 

you in order that, etc. Cf. Kost, § 122. 9. N. 4; S. § 214. N. 1. 

ov — avT€povvT€s {jiot to answer to. S. § 225. 5) is to be taken with aXX' 

oTTwy K. r. X., the intervening words being parenthetical. ovre r]p.a)v 

.... Xdyot is briefly put for ovre rjp.a)v npos tovtovs., ovre tovtcov npos 
mas oi Xoyoi. For illustrations of this sort of brachylogy, cf. Jelf 's 
Kiihn. § 876. Bloomf. makes fjiicop and tovtcov depend on diKaa-Tois, 

with which he supplies ovariv. av ylyvoivTo. The protasis is to be 

supplied from the context. See N. on I. 71. § 5. oncas — ^ovXevarj- 

o-Sie is referred to by several grammarians, to show that Dawes's canon 
is erroneous, viz. that oncds is never followed by the subj. aor. 1, act. 
or mid. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 812. 1 ; Mt. § 519.'7. p. 885. See N. on I. 

82. § 5. firj pa^ias belongs to x^^^pov /SovXeuo-Tjo-Sf, in the sense of 

may not rasJily (literally, easily, readily) adopt tad counsels. Trti- 

Sdjuei/oi denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. § 1. koI ap.a intro- 
duces another reason why the Athenians came forward to address 
the Lacedaemonians. Hence ^ovX6p.evoi may be rendered, tecause we 

wished. See N. on I. 9. § 4 (end). oure aTretKoVtas', not unreasona- 

l)ly, not without cause. d^ia \6yov = d^ienaivos. Schol. 

2. rrdvv noKaid is referred by the Schol. to the Amazons, Thracians, 

and Ileraclidas. tI bel = there is no necessity. cov (i. e. ra 

TraXaia) depends on ixdprvpes, and cKoai — Xoycoj/, may be rendered 
hearsay (Xdyoi dKova'^evres. Goel.), as Hier. Miill. interprets. Duk. 
takes Xoyoav in the sense of la-ropLcov, and makes dKoai \6ya>v = ck rrjs 

la-Topias napaboaLS. tcov dKOVo-ofxevoiP = of our auditors. ei Koi 

irpo^aXkop-evoLs, '■''although it he rather irTcsome to us, to he forever 

hringing this suhject forward.^^ Arnold. This is essentially the inter- 
pretation of Haack, Poppo, and Goeller. Some respectable critics, 
howover, place a comma after earai, which gives the sense, although 
it is rather irJcsome to you, (yet) we must iring these things, etc. But 
besides the objection advanced by Poppo, that perspicuity in that case 
would have demanded irpo^aXkopievovs, we have another more decisive 
one, viz. that it would have been a needless utterance of a sentiment 
highly offensive to the Lacedoemonians, whereas if i)[j.'iv be supplied 



312 . N-OTES. [Book I 

after Bi 6x\ov — ea-rai, as it must be according to the pointing of 
Dindorf, it becomes a modest disavowal of any other reason than 
necessity, for the utterance of that which had become stale with the 

Athenians themselves. kol yap, and truly. Bloomf. supplies the 

ellipsis : and (reason is there that we should) far wJien, etc. 

iKLvbvvevero, tJiey were hazarded, i. e. they were achieved with danger. 

^s.. . ./xfTeo-;(€re, a substantial part of xiihich (^y referring to 

oicfteXeia) you Tiave shared. This is far preferable to the sense given 
by some annotators, the actual doing of which you have shared (i. e. 
you have shared in the labors and perils, which attended the achieve- 
ment of Grecian liberty), for the object of the speaker was to show 
that Greece was mainly indebted to the Athenians for its liberty. 
The argument then is : if the Lacedaemonians shared in the liberty, 
which the devotion and heroism of the Athenians had secured, they 
ought surely to leave to the Athenians their share of the glory of the 
transaction. In this way the antithesis is clear : you share in the 
result, let us share in the glory of the achievement. But I cannot 
understand why it should be brought forward as a reason for the 
meed of glory claimed by the Athenians, and made the basis of their 
demand upon the gratitude of the Peloponnesians, that the Lacedae- 
monians had a principal share in the dangers and labors of the war. 
It was true in itself, yet such a prominence given to the Lacedaemo- 
nian services, would not only have been foreign to the design of the 
speaker, but would have rendered the argument perfectly worthless. 
For the construction of epyov fiepos /xereo-^fT-e, cf. S. § 191. !N^. 

3. (»pr]<j€Tai, sc. 6 \6yo9 from the preceding context. irpos olav 

— TTokiv, against what sort (in respect to its services and power) of a 

city. p.r] cv ^ovXcvoiiepois, imless you adopt prudent counsels. See 

K on I. 71. § 6 (init.). 

4. yap in (fjap-ev yap (for we affirm) introduces a more expanded 
account of the services of the Athenians in the Persian war. See IST. 

on yap in I. 53. § 2. p-ovoi TrpoKivbvvcvcraL rta ^ap^apa, that we alone 

ventured to commence the contest with the Barbarian Some prefer, 
that we alone brated the Barbarian in behalf. Cf. Liddell and Scott, 
sub voce TrpoKivbvvevoi). As it respects the employment of p.6voi, the 
Platasan auxiliaries were so few in comparison with the Athenians, 
that, by a very pardonable hjT)erbole, the orator entirely overlooked 
them. The adjective is here put in the nominative to agree with the 
subject, as it has already appeared, the subject of the infinitive being 
omitted. In respect to the dative after npoKivbweva-ai, it is to be re- 
ferred to the construction TroXe/ieij/ nvi. ore to varepov rjX^iev refers 

to the invasion of Greece by Xerxes. oix tKavol 6We?, inasmuch 



Chap. LXXIV.J NOTEQ. 313 

as we were not able. See N". on I. 9. § 4 (end). iravhriiicL A few 

were left in Athens, who were slain by Xerxes, when he got posses- 
sion of the city. Cf Herodot. YIII. 51, 52. oirep ecrx^ M — jrop- 

Setj/, wMcJi restrained Mm from laying waste. Tor ju?) with the in- 
finitive, see N. on I. 10. § 1. Kara TrdXeis-, dy cities, city ty city. 

—— ddwdrcov av ovTcav (sc. vp.aiv from Tr]V HeXoTrovvrjcrov), for yoU 
would have been unable. " The participle with av frequently has the 
sense of the future, and is equivalent to iieXkoav with the infinitive." 
Jelf's Kiihn. § 429. 3. Cf. S. § 215. 5. The protasis et cVeVXet is to 
bo mentally supplied. See N". on I. 71. § 5. 

5. avTos refers to Xerxes. ©y hwdfieas, thinhing tTiat his 

force was no longer equal (to what it had been before), i. e. perceiving 
that his strength was broken. So Goel. and Arnold interpret, but 
I^oomf. renders, inasmuch as the force he had was no longer of equal 
match with the enemy. In respect to the construction, " a participle 
with a)s signifies the same thing, as a participle of a verb denoting to 
think, or to say, followed by an infinitive or an accusative with an in- 
finitive." K. § 312. 6 ; S. § 225. 4. tw TrXeovt is a masculine, and 

is the dative of accompaniment. Mt. § 405. N. 2 ; S. § 206. 5. 



CHAPTER LXXIV. 

The orator proceeds to say, that the Athenians contributed to the naval fight at Salamis 
three things, viz. the largest number of ships, a most skilful commander, and the most 
untiring zeal (§§ 1, 2) ; the Lacedaemonians, when alarmed for their own safety, came 
to their aid from cities Inhabited and designed to be in future inhabited, whereas 
they, sallying forth from a city having no longer an existence, and encountering danger 
in behalf of what they had but faint hopes of saving, preserved both the Lacedaemonians 
and themselves (§ 3) ; had the Athenians gone over to the Persians, or had they feared 
to embark on board their ships, the Lacedaemonians would not have ventured upon a 
ttle, and the issue of the Persian invasion would have been far different (§ 4). 

1. ToiovTov — TovTov, such an event as this. aa^oas Bt]\o}'^€vtos, 

it clearly appearing. The subject is on iyevero. The participle 

frequently stands alone, when the subject is readily supplied from the 
context, or is indefinite, a pronoun or some general word like Trpdy- 
[lara, XPW^"^^-! ap^Spconoi, etc. being understood. Cf. Mt. § 563 ; K. 

§ 312. R. 4 ; S. § 226. b. iv — eyeVero, consisted in, were suspended 

upon. avbpa crrpaTTjyov ^vveTaraTou. Themistocles is called by 

Herodot. (YIII. 124), dvfjp ttoXKop 'EXXrjpav a-o(})a)TaTos. Our historiau 

14 



314 NOTES. [Book I 

in I. 138, says many things concerning liis energy and eminent abili- 
ties. ey ras- Terpa*coo-iay, to the four Tiundred^ depends on Trape- 

a-xoixe'Ha^ and therefore Matthisa (§ 578. f ) is wrong in citing this pas- 
sage in proof that is signifies about. In. respect to the number of 
ships said to be furnished by the Athenians, if hvo fxoipcop signifies two- 
tJiirds^ as is the opinion of most of the commentators, it must have 
been 2G6. Yet, according to Herodotus, their quota of ships was 180, 
to which, as Bloomf. suggests, may be added the twenty ships furnish- 
ed by Athens, and manned by the Chalcidians, thus making 200, the 
number set down to them by Demosthenes, Diodorus, Plutarch, and 
Nepos. This then may be considered the true number of ships fur- 
nished on that occasion by the Athenians. But how are we to recon- 
cile with this, the number given here by Thucydides ? As usual there 
have been almost as many conjectures as commentators, but none of 
them in all respects satisfactory. All the MSS. except four (or accord- 
ing to Arnold, three) read TerpaKoa-ias. Bloomf. is disposed to follow 
those four MSS., in which is found the reading rpLaKoa-lovs, which 
would remove the difficulty as far as the number of Athenian ships is 
concerned. But then another difficulty arises, for Herodotus reckons 
the whole number of ships at 3Y8. Here then, on the supposition that 
TptaKoo-'iovs is the true reading, is a discrepancy of seventy-eight, or if 
the twelve -(Eginetan ships, which were guarding the island of JEgina 
in the time of the action, are subtracted, there is still a difference of 
sixty-six. In order to avoid the difficulty, Bloomf. supposes that only 
800 took part in the engagement. Arnold conjectures that the two- 
t?drds of the fleet here claimed by the Athenian orator, was an over- 
estimate, perfectly consistent with oratorical exaggeration, and that 
when Demosthenes gives, as he does, the real number of the ships, 
and calls it two-thirds of the whole, he states the number to be 300. 
Didot takes dvo fxoip&v in the sense of one-half, and this opinion 
Goeller adopts in his last edition. The reading of Demosthenes, which 
is rpiaKocrlccv oii(ra>v ra>v rracrcdv rpirjpecov ras diaKoalas tj ttoXis Trape- 
(T)(CTo, they would change from rpiaKoo-iMV into reTpaKoa-ioiv, and thus 
harmonize the conflicting passages. But would it not have been more 
natural for Thucydides to have written ras rjixiaeias or to {jpia-v ? I 
know of no way to remove the difficulty, except by the change of 
reading proposed by Bloomf. and Poppo, for the statement is too dis- 
proportionate to the truth to be attributed to the exaggeration natural 
to orators, who, before so grave and discriminating an audience as the 
one here addressed, would find it necessary to adhere in some degree 
to the statement of things as they really were. Col. Leake (Athens, 
11. p. 251) I find comes also to the conclusion, that rpta/coo-tay is the 



Chap. LXXIV.] NOTES. 315 

true reading in the passage before ns. vavfiaxw^'- depends on 

alTLoiTaros — eyeVfTo, wa^ the most instrumental in causing the sea-fight 
to talce lilace in the narrows. Cf. K. § 306. 1. c; Mt. § 542. Obs. 1. ^8; 

S. § 222. 6. oTrep refers to Iv t« arreva (= eV rrj 'SaXafuvi) vav- 

fj.axw^''- ^^"' • "^TifiTjcraTe. Of. Plut. in Themist. eh. 17, wliero 

it is said that the Lacedaemonians presented Themistocles with an 
olive branch and a chariot, the best in the city, besides bestowing 

upon him many other marks of honor. t&v — eX3ovra)i/ is to bo 

constructed after fiaXicrra. o)?, to. See N. on I. 31. § 2. 

2. ot ye — Tj^iaicrafiev^ inasmuch as we determined. The relative 
here introduces the ground or reason of what has just been said, re* 
specting the boldness and alacrity of the Athenians. Cf. K. § 334. 2. 

TOiP uWoiv is referred by the Schol. to the Macedonians, Thessa- 

lians, Locrians, Boeotians, and Phocians. H-^XP'' W^^ =^ H-^XP'- '''V^ 

TToKecos Tjixcov. — — eKXiTTOUTes. See N. on ovTeSf I. 7. § 1. ra 

olKela 8ia(f)'ieipavTes. A Schol. says that the Athenians destroyed w:th 
their own hands all the goods which could not be removed, and the 
cattle which could not be driven away. Another Schol. says that 
they destroyed the city, in order that it might not be used by the 

Barbarians as a military station against Greece. ixrjb' ws (= ovtoos), 

not even tJius, 1. e. in so distressed a condition. irpoKntelv depends 

on rj^iaiaafiev. o-iceSacrSei/res' into other countries. avrols, i. e. 

ToU ^vfjLfidxois. dXX' responds to /xt^S' as. 

3. ovx rjo-aov. Bloomf. is doubtless correct in considering this as 

put by Attic urbanity for [xaXkov. rovrou, i. e. tov ox^eXeto-Sat or 

TTjs oxpeXeias. yap in ifxels p.ev yap introduces the proof of what 

immediately precedes. eVi tw — veixea-^ai is taken by Didot in the 

sense of eV eXntdL tov vepea'^ai^ in consequence of the antithetic vnep 

ovarjs which follows. The common rendering is ut in posterum 

incoleretur. Kal ovx r]p,a}v to TrXeov. Mt. (§ 455. OI)s. 3. b) says, 

" a comparison with ' more^ implies an opposition, and two modes of 
speech are therefore combined." Here we have not for us. and rather 
than for us conjoined, so as to read literally, aiid not rather than for 
us, a fulness of expression employed evidently for the sake of empha- 
sis. TTJs ovK ova-rjs, " sc. rjfuv, qucB nodis jam nulla esset, non, 

qu(B esse desiisset.^^ " Hoc potius indicat sequentibus verbis : iv ^pax^q 
iXTTidi ov(rr}s." Haack. But inasmuch as r^y ovk ovarjs is opposed to 
the preceding dno olKovjih-cov Ta>v TroXeeoi', I prefer the interpretation 

of GottL, qu(E jam nulla est., i. e. i<p?iapfjievT]s. Didot refers lirep 

T?]s.. . .ovaijs to TO ^vXlvov Te^xos, i. e. the fleet, the only safeguard 
after the destruction -of their city, in which the hopes of the Atheni- 
ans rested, and tl is too being in circumstances of great peril. This 



316 NOTES. [BooKl 

coDJecture is worthy of consideration, although I think reference is 
had to the commonwealth, rather than to the ships or personal safety 

of the citizens. to fiepos^ in some rfteasure. Bloomf. " quantum 

in nobis esset^ Goel. It appears to me, that Arnold has hit npon 
the true exposition : we hore our full share in the deliverance both of 
ourselves and of you. 

4. et be 7rpoa-€\aipT]cra^ev — ovBev av tri edei v/xay, if we had gone 
over — you would no longer have been under the necessity^ etc. For the 
indicative in the protasis, see N". on I. 63. § 2. h.v in the apodosis 
weakens the assertion, and makes it a little less offensive to the Lacedae 
monian ears, than a positive assertion would have heen. Cf. S, § 215. 1 
For the translation of eSet hy the pluperfect, cf. Mt. § 508. b ; K 
§ 260. 2 (2) ; S. § 215. 2. l^otice that the aorist is employed in the pro 
tasis, becanse the act spoken of is regarded as momentarily completed, 
but in the apodosis the imperfect is used, because the necessity spoken 

of is to be represented as having a continued existence. koS' j^o-u- 

Xiav, at his leisure (as far as fighting was concerned) = without oppo' 

sition. av avTio 7rpoexa>pT)(r€, would have gone on for him (see N 

on I. 109. § 3). avra> is the dat. commx)di. 



CHAPTER LXXV. 

H&ving performed such signal services, the Athenians ought not to be envied on accoont 
of their dominion (§ 1) ; for this had come to them, because they had been left by the 
Lacedaemonians to finish the Barbarian vrar (§ 2); the sway which they held had 
been increased, first through the natural influence of fear, and then for the sake of honor 
and interest (§ 3) ; being hated by many and suspected by the Lacedaemonians, it seemed 
unsafe to relax their authority, and give opportunity for the disaflfected states to revolt 
(4), and for this regard to their own interests no one could justly blame them (§ 5). 

1. ap a^ioi ia-fxfp. To these words belongs the pf] before ovtcos^ 
50 that the order is: apa prj a^ioi eapev — ovTcos ciyav eVK^Sdyo)? Sia- 

AceTaSai, is it just then — that we should lie under such a load of envy f 
ov is joined with apa when an affirmative, and pr] when a negative 
answer is expected (cf. K. § 344. 5. d; S. § 219. 4). Thus apa ovk a^ioi 

ia-pev would signify, do we not deserve ? rdrf, i. e. in the Persian 

war. yvaprjs ^vueaecos^ tlie wisdom of our counsel ; " our good 

sense in counsel^ Arnold. Reference is had to wliat is said of The- 

mistocles in I. 74. § 1. apx^^ depends on iincfi^oucos diaKela'^ai = 

(|)3oi/eio-25at, which in the active voice is followed by the dative of the 
person and genitive of the thing. Cf. K. § 274. e. ye is here 



Chap. LXXV.] NOTES. 317 

limitive, at least on account of the rule. rjs is put in the geDitive 

by attraction with apxrjs^ the accusative being properly demanded 
after expyav. 

2. avTrjv refers to dpxr]s. ^lao-afxevoi^ ly force. See N. on I. 

9. § 1. ra vTToKoiTra tov ^ap^dpov^ i. e. the termination of the 

war with the Barbarians. The supineness of the Lacedflemonians was 
most undoubtedly a principal cause of the ascendency of the Atheni- 
ans in maritime affairs. Their continuance in the war would have 
placed them at the head of the confederacy, as their withdrawal ele- 
vated the Athenians to that station. avrcov .... Karacrr^i/ai, them- 
selves entreating us td l)ecome their leaders. 

3. e^ avTov Se tov epyov, from the nature of the thing itself So 
the Schol. explains e'/c tyjs ^vaecos avrrjs tov irpdypaTos. The thing 
referred to, is the dominion enjoyed by the Athenians, and on the 
principle laid down by the Schol., that the ruler is always hated (6 
apxoiv del fxecrelTai), it would be necessary for them, by strengthening 
their power, to protect themselves against the effect of this hatred. 

is To^e^ i. e. to what it now is ; to its present height of power. 

Seouy, not of the Barbarians, as Haack supposes, but as a Schol. 

remarks, 8eovs tChv KaKms 7ra3ovra)i/ iv Tjj dpxjj vtttjkocov^ for this seems 
evident from ova. da-cfiaXes en — Kivdvveveiv which follows. 

4. e'Soicet has for its subject dvevTas Kivdweveiv with which do-(fia\€s 

agrees. dm^x^w^vovs (see N. on I. 76. § 1) belongs to rjpds^ the 

omitted subject of Kivhweveiv. tIvcop . . , . KaTea-Tpapfiepcov, some 

even who had already revolted having deen suMued. Of. I. 98, et seq. 
opoicds as before. dvevras (by relaxing our authority) be- 
longs to KLvbvvfveiv as the participle of means. See N. on I. 9. § 1. 

yap iyiyvovTo^ for (if we had let go the reins) the desertions 

would have been to you = (by constructio prajgnans. See N. on I. 18. 
§ 2) the deserters would have gone over and remained with you^ i. e. 
been on your side. 

5. Tzda-i depends on dvenicfi'^ovov (so. iari), as the dat. incommodi. 
Render, it is not a matter of censure to any = none can be censured. 
The subject is ev Ti'^ea-'^ai. Tav fxeyiaTcov nepi kivSvvcov = Upa p.^ 

tpnearj eis peyicrTovs Kivdvvovs. Schol. irepi is put by anastrophe for 
irept. S. § 231. N. 2 (a). 



313 NOTES. [BooKl 



CHAPTER LXXYI 

*TKe 9p©«kcr jitw retotts upon the JLacedjemonians, that they are doing the same things In 
f eloponnesus -which they charge upon the Athenians, and the superiority, which would 
cave been theirs had they remalnea until the close of the war (see N. on I. 75. § 2), must 
& like manner have been maintained by a strong and vigorous government (§ 1) ; in ac- 
cepting and maintaining the dominion voluntarily bestowed upon them, they had done 
nothing strange or discordant with established customs, and so the Lacedx-monians 
thought, until swayed by motives of self-interest they began to talk of justice (§2); 
in ruling so just and equitably, the Athenians deemed themselves worthy of commenda- 
tion (§ 3) ; and the mildnesa of their rule, for which they were now the subject of obloquy, 
would be manifest if theit power should pass to other hands (§ 4). 

1. ras — TTokeis depends on Karacm/o-a/ieroi, and avTa>v is to be sup- 
plied after e^rjyela-^e. Haack erroneously makes the accusative to 

depend on this verb, im t6 vixTv ax^iXifiov is referred by the 

Schol. to tlie utility resulting from the oligarchical form of govern- 
ment. TOTf^ i. e. after the battle of Mycale. bia navros^ i. e. 

through the whole war. dTrrjxpija'^e, Jiad hecome odious. On this 

word, as on e| avrov Se Tov epyou, the Schol. remarks, oi yap apxov- 

T€s fiKTovvrai • ^iXeXevSepoi/ yap to av'^poainvov. la-fiev av — vfj.as — 

■yej/o/xe'i/ous, we Tcnow that you would ie. av belongs to the participle 
(see N. on I. 73. § 4). For the construction of eldevai with the parti- 
ciple, see N. on I. 69. § 5. ^cro-op than we. 

2. ourojy, 80 that, wJiere/ore. otto, out of, away^rom. d 

. . . (de^dfie'^a. Of. I. 75. § 2. The vulgar reading for bibofiivqv is 

biabidop.€VT]v, per manus traditum, which is inapplicable here. 

dvelfiev (see llf. on dvevras, I. 75. § 4) is opposed tO apx^iv eyKparcos, 

§ 1 supra. TLfiTjs. . . . ox^eXetap. Cf. I. 75. § 3. ovS' av. . . , 

vndp^avres introduces another circumstance, viz. established usage, to 
justify the acceptance and vigorous maintenance of power by the 
Athenians, toiovtov refers to . the supremacy just spoken of, and 

therefore takes the article. Ka?i€(rTci)Tos = vop.lp,ov ovtos, vopn^opi- 

vov. Schol. The subject is properly rov. . . .Karcipyea'iai. a^ioi re. 

afia K. T. X. Their acknowledged fitness to rule, is here brought for- 
ward as an additional (dfia) reason why the Athenians were not deserv- 
ing of censure in receiving and exercising their authority as they had 
done. The participles vopLi^ovTcs and boKovvr^s denote cause. See N. 
on I. 9. § 4 (end). "With a^tot, the words tov apx^iv or ttjs dpxrjs 

may be mentally supplied. vpTiv, SoKovvres. Cf. I. 95. § 7. 

/Lie;(pt. ...xp^o-^f? t^ntil the present time (vvv), when, thinking it con- 
diLcive to your interest, you make use of the argument of justice, '"''to 
BiKaiO) Xoyo), intellige rc3 Xoyo) rw nepl ttJs eXevSept'as rcoi/ 'EXX^i/coi/." 



Chap. LXXVIL] NOTES. 3I9 

(Joel. TTapuTvxov^ ii heing in his power = whilst it uas in his 

power. Tlie accusative absolute is employed, when time parallel to or 
coincident with another action is to be designated. Cf. Jelf s Kiihn. 
§ YOO. 2 ; S. § 226. b. TrpoSfiV, preferring. The object is 01/, re- 
ferring to the idea of justice or a just policy, implied in ra diKuia 
X6ya>. /xj) — exeip. See N. on I. 10. § 1 (end). 

3. €7raive7(r^ai re a|ioi otrii/es-, the2/ also are worthy to de praised 

who. Cf. S. § 172. 4. Ti] ai/SpcBTreta (fivaei^ human nature = the 

dictate of nature^ the natural desire of man. Arnold translates 

diKaiorepoi .... dvvaniv^ less careless of justice than our actual power 
enabled us to de. I prefer Bloomfield's translation : have deen more 
observant of justice than according to their power (to commit injustice). 
Kara here denotes conformity, and may be rendered, in accordance 
with, and implies that their moderation was greater than might have 
been expected from the extent of their power. 

4. y av — (iv. We frequently find one of these particles joined to 
the principal verb, to denote the conditional nature of the whole sen- 
tence, and also to that part of the sentence which it immediately 
modifies. Sometimes the repetition results from an intervening clause. 

Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 432. a; Mt. § 600 ; S. § 215. N. 5. SeT^ai ^ 

p.akL(TTa by the severity of their government. ^/xii/ §e — nepua-rr] 

is nearly equivalent to 77/xTi/ hk eyeVero {has happened to us), the verb 
Trepieo-TT/, has come around to vs, being a more lively form of expres- 
sion. Tor the dative, cf. Mt. § 402. d. to ivkiov rj, more than. 



CHAPTER LXXVII. 

The orator proceeds to prove what he has just affirmed (I. 76. § 4), by showing that the 
Athenians are called litigious, when instead of compelling their allies to redress any real 
or supposed wrong, they are willing to have the points in dispxite fairly tried and de- 
termined by civil tribunals, from which reproach those who exercise arbitrary power in 
respect to these things are exempt (§§ 1, 2) ; this leniency is made, however, a ground of 
complaint by their allies, whenever they feel aggrieved by a judicial sentence, or by 
any decision of the state, even more so than though they had been stripped by the hand 
of violence of all their possessions (§ 3) ; for men more highly resent acts of injustice than 
acts of violence, as is seen from a comparison of the patience with which these states bore 
the Median yoke, with their restiveness under the Athenian rule (§§ 4, 5) ; the same 
feelings of hostility would be entertained towards the Lacedaemonians, if they took the 
dominion, especially as their customs were so different from those of the other states (§ 6). 

1. Koi is to be referred to the koI below, yap being here the gen- 
eral connective. iXaa-o-ovfi^voi, = although (see N". on I. 7. § 1) we 



320 NOTES. [Book! 

lose our suits = are cast in suits. This interpretation seems to accord 
better with the meaning of the word, and with the context, than 
Arnold's interpretation, not standing upon our rights i. e. condescend- 
ing to let our disputes Avith them be fairly tried, instead of deciding, 
as we might, by our sovereign power. For the purpose is not here to 
show the CQudescension of the Athenians in suffering matters of dis- 
pute to be adjusted by civil tribunals, when they might settle them 
by an act of their sovereign will, inasmuch as that was asserted in § 3 
of the preceding chapter. The design now is to illustrate and confirm 
the remark, made at the close of the foregoing chapter, that the mod- 
eration of the Athenians seemed to bring upon them an increase of 
odium. This is shown by the fact here asserted, that even in suits at 
law, in which the Athenians are worsted, and that too before their 
own tribunals, the only return they receive from this impartial ad- 
ministration of justice, is to be called litigious. yap {illustrantis. 

See N. on I. 53. § 2). See the preceding remarks on iXaa-trovixevou 

iv rais .... diKais^ in actions hrought against our allies for 

'breaches of contract. Cf. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Antiq. p. 918. 
Trap rjplv avrois, hefore ourselves^ is introduced to show their re- 
gard for justice, that even in their own courts at Athens, decisions 
were given in favor of their allies. Boeckh (Pub. Econ. Ath. p. 404) 
denies that all the small suits at law were tried at Athens, as no per- 
son living at Ehodes or Byzantium would come to Athens to bring a 
suit for 50 or 100 drachmae. The simple fact was, that the supreme 
jurisdiction belonged to Athens, and cases could be carried there by 

appeal from the inferior courts. eV, in conformity to, according to. 

6/xoiots in respect to the parties to the suit. (f)tXo8iKe7u 8okov- 

uep is the apodosis of eXaa-a-ovp-euoi (S. § 225. 6). 

2. avTcov refers to the persons, who charged the Athenians with 

oppression and injustice in their treatment of the allies. roTs — 

exova-i depends on oreiSi^erat. The Schol. says that reference is had 

to the Persians and Scythians. Siort, why, for what reason. 

TovTo refers back to ^o-crov. . . .txovai.. yap in this place has fur- 
nished some difficulty to interpreters. Poppo calls it yap declarativum 
(Lat. scilicet). Haack refers it to rovro ovk oveibiCeraL qua3 sine diori^ 
tamquam peculiaris sententia, cogitatione repetenda sunt : ov yap av- 
Tois 6u€i8L^€Tai TOVTO ' /Sia^ccrSat yap, etc. Goel. supplies the ellipsis 
OVK oveiSt'^erai, ort ^id^ovTai • /Sia^ecrSai yap, etc., which I think is the 
correct explanation, inasmuch as it best meets the demands of the 
context. TTpoarBeovTai, sc. ovrot, the antecedent of oh in the pre- 
ceding clause. 

3. Poppo correctly disjoins ol 8e from el'^iapevoi, and interprets, 



Chap. LXXYIL] NOTES. 321 

illi vero (socii nostri) quum sint assueti. The usual interpretation is, 
hut they loho are accustomed. But if this were the meaning, we 
should suppose that aXXovs^ or some other general word, would have 

oeen employed instead of r]iJLds. otto tov ia-ov, on equal footing^ 

on terms of equality. > /xjj accompanies oiecrSat, because Trapa has 

a negative sense (see N". on I. 10. § 1), 'beyond what {^otherwise than) 
t-hey thinTc is right. With xP^""* supply from the main clause eXaor- 

ir<u3^i/at. Goel. constructs: irapa to olea^ai firj XPV^^'- y^'^H-U 

•efers to a judicial decision, bvva^ei to power exercised irrespective of 

a legal trial. koi otvoxtovv^ even in the least = in ever so slight a 

degree. With this meaning, which is easily derived from the more 
common signification of the word, in any way whatever (cf. Liddell 
and Scott sub voce), oiraxrovp may be connected with ^V n. Its po- 
sition after rj — rj is no serious objection to this, inasmuch as it is 
placed beside the verb whose meaning is limited by tL Its connec- 
tion with the words immediately preceding would have been ex- 
pressed by T] oTTcocrovv, or in any other way whatever. But what 
other way was there to effect the thing complained of, than the two 

modes spoken of in tJ yva>ixr) rj dwdnei rfj 8ia ttju a.pxr]v'^. iXaa- 

o-faSaJo-ii', are worsted. This meaning, which is inevitable here, shows 
that Arnold is mistaken in the sense, which he assigns to iXao-aovfievoi 

in § 1 supra. ov. . . , exova-iv, they feel no gratitude that tJiey are 

not deprived of the greater part. For the use of the article with 
TrKiovoSf cf. K. § 246. 8. c. arepia-KOfievoi denotes the cause. See N. 

on I. 9. § 4. TOV ivdeovs (= TOV eXdaa-ovos), the part lacMng, in 

opposition to the part which remained. For the article, see the re- 
ference on TOV nXeopos supra. ;^aXe7ra)repoi/ (f)epovcriv^ they are 

more indignant. In this combination, the signification of the adjec- 
tive predominates, and hence takes the genitive. Cf. Mt. § 368. 5. a. 

cLTTo'^ep.ivoi TOV vofxov, putting aside the law = paying no regard 

to law. eKftVcos, ''Hllo modo.'''' Betant. de z=ydp. dvreXe' 

yov implies negation, and hence is followed by as ov with p^pewi/ (sc. 
cVri). See N. on I. 10. § 1. Cf. also S. § 230. 3 ; Mt. § 534. Ois. 4 
2 ; K. § 318. 9. Kender the passage, not even they themselves (i. e. the 
persons aggrieved) can deny that the weaJcer must yield to tlie stronger. 

4. ddiKovfievoi^ when treated unjustly. See N. on I. 13. § 6. 

TO fxev referring to ddiKovp.euoi^ and to S' to ^la^oyavoi^ are both the 
subjects of the propositions in which they stand, the other words 

composing the predicates. dirb tov 'iaov Bloomf. regards as a 

neuter, and translates, on a footing of equal justice. Others inter- 
pret it, pro equali conditione. I' prefer, as the most natural mode of 
interpretation, to take dno in the sense of vtto (K. § 288. 3. c), and 



322 NOTES. [Book I 

la-ov as a masculine, 7>y one w7io is an equal. In this way, it harmO' 
nizes with vno rov MjjSov, which is varied from otto tov. In respect 
to the sentiment, commentators cite many kindred examples. Among 
others, the one quoted by Goel. from Plut. Yit. Timol., is very much 
in point : ovrcos vno \6ya}V fxaXkov tj Trpa^eayu 7rovr]pa>v dviacr^ai ireffyv' 
KacTLV ol TToWoL ' ■)(ake7v6iT€pov yap vfSpLV T] ^Xd^rjv (fiepov(ri. See also 
ovdels yap opyi^erat rois rroXv vnep avrbv ttj fium/iet, Aristot. Rhet. L 
11, cited by Arnold. 

5. yovv introduces an example confirmatory of the assertion just 

made. Trda-xovres rjveixovTo^ they endured suffering. S. § 225. 8. 

eiKoTcoff, as might de expected^ naturally enough. The next clause 

illustrates this, and is therefore introduced by yap. to rrapou^ the 

present^ i. e. their present lot. Supply doKcl from the preceding con- 
text. Bloomf. aptly remarks on the misery of those who live under a 
system of unequal confederation, cheated as they often are by the 
shadow of liberty, while the substance ever eludes their grasp. 

6. ye in v/jlcIs y gives emphasis to the pronoun, as though it were 
spoken in an elevated tone of voice, or written in italics. S. § 68. n. 

8. ovv is here a particle of reference, as to this matter. icaSe- 

\6uT€^. The Schol. adds TrpoixavreveTai • /caSeiXoi/ yap avrav to. t^^xV 

oi AaKedatfiouioi. f]p.er€pov fieos, your fear of us. See N. on al ye 

vnerepai eXnides, I. 69. § 5. ola Ka\ rore — opoia Ka\ vvv, such as 

then — now also. The Ka\ before roVe serves to connect more closely, 

but is unsusceptible of translation into English. Tjyrjo-dpevoi, when 

(see N. on I. 13. § 6) you had the lead, defines roVe. vnedei^are, 

you gave indications of. This reading, adopted by all the recent com- 
mentators . for drredei^aTe, gives a better sense, since, as Arnold re- 
marks, the Lacedaemonians had not fully manifested (dnedei^av) their 
tyrannical spirit, but had shown symptoms (vnedei^av) of it, during 

the command of Pausanias. opoTa — yvSo-co-'^e = Spoiais yt'co/xat? 

XPW^(t'^^' KaS', amongst. rois aXkois (Greeks) limits apiKxa, 

which adjective forcibly expresses the unsocial (or as Bloomf. says, 
the anti-social) spirit of the Lacedaemonian institutions, in permitting 
no foreigners to reside among them, and in adopting customs, unique, 
and in many respects quite offensive to the neighboring states. Of. 

Miill. Dor. II. p. 194. i^icov, sc. is TrdXepov. The more general 

sense of going into foreign parts on business of any sort, is perhaps 

the true one. oh = iKeivois oh, of which the antecedent depends 

on popi^ei = xPW'^<^'- vopi^ei (Kr. § 55. 4. N". 11), is in the habit of 

using. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 591. Ols. ; K. § 285. 1. (2). 17 tiWrf 

''^XKas^ the rest of Greece. 



Chap LXXYIIL] NOTES. 323 



CHAPTEH LXXVIII. 

rhe Lacedsemoniana are exhorted, finally, not to engage precipitously in war, on the charge* 
brought by others against the Athenians (§ 1), and are admonished of the uncertainty 
and the calamities of war (§ 2), in which men oftentimes engage thoughtlessly, and are 
only brought to reason by some calamity (§ 3); and in conclusion, they are solemnly 
charged not to violate the treaty, but to submit the differences to a judicial investigation, 
and are reminded, that if they resort to arms, the Athenians will repel their attacks with 
the utmost vigor and resolution (§ 4). 

1. ^pabecos — ^paxfoov. There is here a slight paronomasia = <Zg- 
liberate long (i. e. come to no hasty decision) since you are not delib- 
erating (so. ^ovXevofievoL from jSouXei/eo-Se) aiout short matters (i. e. 
matters of trifling importance), ov belongs to the omitted participle, 
and hence is placed before Trepi aXXoTpiais refers to the Corinthi- 
ans. rov Trapakoyov^ the uncertainty. This word literally signi- 
fies that which is beyond calculation^ and is here applied to the issue 
of the war, which was eminently involved in uncertainty. 

2. p.T]Kvu6[X€vos, . . .nepua-Taa'^ai, for when protracted, it usually 
((j)iXeZ, is wont) brings most things to depend upon chance; or as 
Arnold interprets, brings in the end to hazard = ends by bringing to 
hazard. Most of the commentators explain ru'xay, as referring to 
uncertain events which are adverse. But it is better to take it in a 
more unlimited sense, as referring to fortune either good or bad, and 
continuing the idea expressed in top irapakoyov. The sentiment is, 
that in a long-continued war, no one is so far-sighted as to be able to 
see how things will take place, or what will be the issue of the con- 
test. This is true of all wars, and a most fearful realization did it 
have in the long and desolating contest, which is the subject of this 
history. hv, i. e. rvxcov. tt7rexo/iey*refers to both the Athe- 
nians and Lacedasmonians. These states Avere equally removed from 
the elevation or prostration of power, which hung upon the uncertain 
issue of the war. cV dbrjXco Kivdweverai, is exposed to great un- 
certainty ; literally, is 2yeriled in the darh 

3. Tcdv epycav — exovrat (engage in). S. § 192. 1. Steph. supplies 
Tcov Xoycov after nporepov. But perhaps this is unnecessary, as it evi- 
dently stands opposed to varepov, and may therefore be taken abso- 
lutely. a refers to epycov. KaKOTra^iovvres denotes time (see 

N. on I. 13. § 6), and contains the protasis of rco:/ Xoycov aTrrovTui, they 
bctaJoe themselves to counsels (literally, to words). For the genitive, cf. 
S. § 192. 1,. The variety of uses in wMch the Attics employed aTrrca,- 



324 NOTES. [Book I 

especially in tlie middle voice, may be seen in aLnost any good lexi 

con. rjdr] belongs to KaKona'^ovvres. 

4. ip... .avToi^ who (see N. on I. 8. § 1) are not yet ourselves im 
such an error^ as to engage in war without due deliberation. So the 

Schol. explains aiiaprla by t§ TrpoXex^cia-Tj a/3ovXia rov 7roXe/xou. 

opoovres^ SC. iv ToiavTjj dfiapTia ovras. ecus, while. av^aiperos^ 

in the power of^ depending on the will^ is in the predicate. Xvt i» 

depends on Xeyo/xej/ vfuv. There is a play on Xueti/ — Xveo-Sat, the 
former being taken in the sense of to trea^ violate^ the latter, to he 

terminated^ adjusted. Cf. Xen. Anab. III. 1. § 21. KaTo. tijv 

^vv'^fjKTjv^ according to compact = in conformity with the terms of the 
treaty. " Etenim in foederibus tricennalibus (I. 115. § 1) scriptum 
erat, onXa fxr) eTTi^epeii', rju diicas StXwcri bidovai^ VII. 18. § 2." Poppo. 

^', or otherwise. Seouy tovs SpKtovs. See N. on I. 71. § 5. The 

oaths here referred to, were those with which the treaty was ratified. 

— • ap)(0VTas (so. vpas) follows dpvvecr'iaL. TavTrj .... v(f)T]yr] o"3e, 

the way in which you may lead us = according to the example which 
you may set us. " v(j)r]y^a?i€ idem quod 7rpoj;y^o-3e." Goel. " They 
both express the same idea, but not exactly the same part of it : npo- 
TjyeTa'^ai expresses the precedence, Icprjyela'^ai the nearness of the lead- 
er." Arnold. 



CHAPTER LXXIX. 

Having beard the speeches on both sides, the Laceda3monians deliberate by themselves on 
the present state of things (§ 1) ; the majority are for immediate war, when Archidamus 
their king addresses them in opposition to such precipitous measures (§ 2). 

1. Ta>v 'A3j;z/aia)z/ depends on rJKova-av (S. § 192), and not as some 
think on a eXe^av (= tovs \6yovs). peTao-Tijo-dpevoi ndvras^ hav- 
ing caused all (i. e. both their allies and the Athenians) to withdraw. 

S. § 209. 2. Cf. Xen. Anab. II. 3. § 8. Kara acjids avrovs^ among 

themselves. 

2. eVt e(f)€pov, the opinions inclined to the' same point. The 

metaphor is taken from roads meeting in a common centre. 

dhiKilv. . . .ra^ft explains^ro avro. noXepTjTea ehai^ they should gtf 

to war. See 1^, on Tre-pirT^reo, I. 72. § 1. "Apx^^apos. Archidamu3 

II. succeeded his grandfather (a. o. 469), his father Zeuxidamus having 
died some time previous. A brief but judicious estimate of his 
moral worth, and the eminent services which he rendered to his state. 



Cbap, lxxx.] notes. 325 

may be found in Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eora. Biog. and Mythol. I. p. 
267. The Peloponnesian war for the first ten years, is frequently 

called the Archidamian war. doKap elvai does not imply doubt, 

but that which was a matter of general repute. 



CHAPTERS LXXX.— LXXXV. 

The speech of king Archidamus, comprised in these chapters, has for its 
main object> the postponement of hostilities until negotiation has been tried, 
and the Lacedaemonians have increased their resources. He urges the 
wealth, the high state of preparation for war, and the naval supremacy of 
the Athenians, as a reason why, with their present resources, the Lacedaemo- 
nians could not hope to be victorious (chaps. 80, 81). He does not oppose 
the war, if the Athenians refuse to listen to their terms, but advises that 
they should first set forth calmly and with firmness their grounds of com- 
plaint, at the same time making all preparations for war (chap. 82). He 
cautions his auditors against regarding this advice as pusillanimous, or being 
influenced by the charges of tardiness and dilatoriness wliich may be 
brought against them, for to such a wise and deliberate policy the Lacedae- 
monians had been indebted for their glory and independence (chaps. 82, 83). 
In conclusion, he urges them not to hazard their institutions by a precipitous 
declaration of war, which must cost many lives, much treasure, and much 
honor, but to submit the matter, as the Athenians profess their willingness 
to do, to a judicial investigation (chap. 85). The speech is grave, dignified, 
full of sound wisdom and statesman-like views, and worthy of the man who 
pronounced it, and the occasion which called it forth. 



CH-APTER LXXX. 

The speaker commences with a modest reference to his military experience, and that of 
many around hiu), which rendered tliem free from the desire of war entertained by the 
inexperienced (§ 1) ; as to the war in respect to which they were consulting, it would be 
very momentous (§ 2), for against the Peloponnesians war could be waged on equal 
terms, and with dispatch, but should not lightly be declared against a people of such 
power, resources, and naval experience as the Athenians (§ 3), especially as the Lacedae- 
luonians in wealth and maritime resources were so much inferior (§ 4). 

1. TToWcov rjhr) Troke/jLcov. Archidamus must have been at this time 
qmiQ an old man, as he is supiA)sed to have died in the fifth year of 



820 NOTES [BookL 

the war, in the forty-second year of his reign (see K. on III. 89. § 1). 

royy, SO. ifineipovs from the preceding context. /ni^re — fViSv 

fxTja-ai — fir]T€ — vofxia-avra. The change to the participial constr^iction 
is somewhat harsh. Cf. Mt. § 397. 3. Both clauses denote the end or 
effect of the skill and experience, which the speaker claims for himself 
and many of his auditors. 

2. Tovbe^ sc. T9P noXefiov. ovk — iXdxt-(rTou is a litotes for great- 
est^ most momentous. The Schol. refers iXdxia-Tov to time, but that, 
as Bloomf. remarks, is judging by the event. Archidamus might 
easily predict the severity of the struggle between two such states as 
Sparta and Athens, and yet be profoundly ignorant of the length of 

time, in which it would be carried on. ei rij — iKXoyl^oiTo = el 

eKkoyl^oLcrJie. So we frequently use one, some one, etc. for the personal 
pronouns. Cf. S. § 165. b ; Mt. § 487. 3 ; K. § 303. R. 6. 

3. yap introduces an explanation of ovk eXdxioTov. koI before 

darvyeiTovas is epexegetical, especially/, even. Poppo refers ao-rvyei- 
Tovas to the Argives, and some of the Arcadians with whom the 

Lacedaemonians waged frequent and bloody wars. napopoLos, of 

the so/me description, i. e. military rather than naval. So Arnold 
explains with the Schol. Didot takes oXict) in the sense of ipar], on 
the ground that the common explanation (vires, stretigth) conflicts 
with the beginning of the next chapter, where superiority in strength 
and numbers over the Athenians is claimed. But if trapop-oLos refers 
to the hind rather than the degree of power, that objection will be of 

no force. olov re refers to e'XSeTi', and is therefore in the neuter. 

Literally, to proceed against each one is possible. "When spoken of 

persons, olds re means aMe. i^ eKaara. Duk. supplies rii _\;copia 

with the Schol. e/cay Peloponnesus. Ihia koL drjpoalcp, pri- 
vate and public. IN'otice the distinctness and emphasis given to the 

nouns in this sentence by the frequent use of the conjunction, hi 

ye x^p'^^i ^* leo^1> *^ o^ny one ploLce. Athens, in the height of her 
prosperity, contained at least 200,000 inhabitants. Cf Leake's Athens, 

I. p. 440 ; Appendix XXIII. ^dpov viroTeXets. See N". on I. 19 

§ 1. npos TovTovs refers to avbpas, which is repeated by the pro 

noun, in consequence of the words which intervene between it and 

the verb apaa^ai. S. § 160. N. 5. Tnareva-avra^ agrees with r^pds 

the omitted subject of iTreix^rjvai. Repeat xp^ f^oni the preceding 
clause. ^- 

4. vavaiv depends on ■jriarreva-avTas to be mentally supplied from 

the preceding context. ijaaovs in ships. XP^^°^ evearai, time 

loill intervene, i. e. before the thing spoken of can be done, time will 
*>} required. xphp-^^'-^ i^ joined in construction with vavcriv. 



Chap. LXXXI.] NOTES. g27 

ttoXXm .... eXXf iVo/xei/, in tliis (i. e. wealth) we are stiU more deficient. 
The comparative is here strengthened by ttoXXw Zti. Cf. K. § 239. R. 
1 ; S. § 159. 4. For the construction of tovtov^ cf. S. § 200. 8. The 
singular is employed although referring to a plural noun, because the 

noun is regarded in the abstract as a thing. Cf. Mt. § 439. iv 

Koiva (sc. rafXLeia. Cf. Bos. Gr. Ellip. p. 127), in the common treasury. 

eK Tcov l8i(ov, from our private resources. The Lacedaemonians 

were poor, as is remarked by the Schol. on this passage. (pepofxev 

is employed here in the sense to contribute. 



CHAPTER LXXXI. 

It would be of little avail to invade and plunder the Athenian territory, since from other 
states they could import whatever was wanted (§§ 1, 2) ; any attempt also to induce 
their allies to revolt would require a fleet, on account of their insular position (§ 3) ; 
unless they overcame the Athenians by sea, or cut off the revenues by which their navy 
was supported, they themselves would sustain the greatest injury in the war (§ 4) ; and to 
abandon the contest at such a time, would be dishonorable to them, especially if they 
should be regarded as the authors of the war (§ 5) ; no one should think that the war 
would be brought to a speedy close, by an inroad into the enemy's country, for the Athe- 
nians were not the men to succumb, merely because their territory was invaded (§ 6). 

1. To7s oirXots = rois oTrXiVats. But Bloomf. thinks that the word 
refers to the use of arms, in which the Lacedsemonians particularly 

excelled. avTcov depends on VTrepcPepofxev. S. § 189. r<u 7rXr;3ei 

is spoken with reference to ox^os in I. 80. § 3, and signifies able-bodied 
men, who are fit to be soldiers. Bloomf. understands by it what we 
call population., in which the Peloponnesians exceeded the Athenians. 

2. rois = TovTots. S. § 166. oXXtj yrj. Cf. 1. 143, § 4, where 

Pericles says the same thing. The following note from Goeller's 
edition, will give the reader some view of the extent of the Athenian 
dominion, and the number of their allies. " aXXrjv yrjv Schol. interpre- 
tatur Thraciam et loniam. Adde Euboese magnam partem, Cycladas 
psene omnes et ceteras insulas inter Peloponnesum, Cretam et Asiam, 
Dores maritimos, Samios, multos ex Hellespontiis, multas urbes Grajcas 
in oris Thracia) et Macedonia3, Oropum in confiniis in Boeotise. Adde 
A-theniensium colonias, Scyrum, Lemnum, Imbrum, ^ginetas, qui tum 
Jilginam tenebant, Hestieeenses in Euboea, Kaxios, Andrios, fortasse 
etiam Tenios et Ceos, partim Amphipolitanos, itemque partim Thuri- 
nos. Adde foederatos cum Atheniensibus Barbaros, Sitalcen, regem 
Oc)rysarum, Odomantos, populum Thraciaa, Philippum et Derdara, 
principes Macedonura, Pelasgos ad Athon habitantes, Edones, in Italia 



328 NOTES. [BooKl 

Messapios, in Sicilia Segestanos, Siculos, etc." ck == ^m. hp 

= cKe^va o)!/. eird^ovrai. Krug. conjectures ead^ovTiu. 

8. dcfuardvai^ to cause to revolt. derjcrei. . . .vija-iooTais^ it will de 

necessary to assist these with a Jieet^ iecause (see N. on I. 9. § 4) for 
the most part they are islanders. 

4. Tis. ... 6 TToXefios^ what sort of a war then will this te of ours f 
— how disastrous will he this war of ours ! ris ovv earai = kuto. ttoIop 

rpoTTov. Schol. yap illustrantis follows in the next sentence. a^ 

&j/, from which, dno here denotes the material (cf. K. § 288. 3. e). 
Perhaps it is better, however, to regard it as designating the mediate 

instrument. ^Xa^ofi^^a has here the passive signification. Cf. 

Soph. Gr. Verbs, p. 106. 

6. Tovro), in this situation. /caraXveo-Sat, to come to terms., to 

treat for peace., is the subject of the sentence. aXXcos- Te Ka\ «, 

especially if also., introduces a circumstance, which heightens the 
dishonor of treating for peace, at a time when the party making the 
overtures is worsted in the war. 

6. /ij) — eVatpto/LieSia, let US not he excited (see N". on I. 42. § 2). Cf. 
S. § 218. 2. iKelvr] ye rrj eXTTi'St, with that hope at least., i. e. what- 
ever other hopes we may entertain, let us not expect that so formida- 
ble a power as Athens will be crushed by merely laying waste her 

territories, ye is therefore highly restrictive here. ws Qioic that) 

Taxv TravSJyo-erat k. t. X. is epexegetical of eXnidi. bedoiKa. . . .vtto- 

XiVco/xei/ (S. § 214. b). An almost prophetic foreboding, upon which 
the Schol. remarks, that Thucydides seems to have had in mind /xj^S* 
rjiMV TCKeecral r oTTicrcrco 7rrjp.a XtVotro. Hom. II. 3. 160. ^be is here 
strongly adversative = dut (so far from the war being speedily termi- 
nated) Tfear rather., etc. ovrtjis cIkos — mt€^ so unlilcely is it. 

The dative (f)povr]fiaTi (with their high spirit) may be ranked with 
datives designating the mode or manner, and so Jelf in his Index of 
Authors (Gram. Yol. I. p. 452) regards it. Stepli. makes it stand for 

VTTo cj)povr]p.aTOS. TJj yrj SovXeCcrat, " i. e. ttjs yrjs evcKa bovXevaaiy 

metu ne ab hostibus vastetur, se subjicere cuilibet conditioni." Haack. 
This expression is similar to those which we so often use : lie is a slave 
to money., to amdition., to pleasure., etc., by which we mean, an attacli- 
' ment to these things so inordinate, that every thing else is sacrificed 
lOr their attainment. Thus if the Athenians yielded as soon as they 
saw their country plundered, they would evince a spirit of slavery to 
their soil, by the preference given to that, over the enjoyment of true 

liberty. KaranXayrjvai. In the simple verb it is TTXrjyrjvai. Soph. 

Gr. Verbs, p. 223. 



Chap. LXXXIL] NOTES. 329 



CHAPTER LXXXII. 

The Lacedaemonians should not overlook the wrongs of their allies, lut make them tho 
ground of expostulation, in the meantime raising auxiliary forces both of Greeks and 
Barbarians, and getting their affairs in a state of readiness for war (§ 1) ; if the Athenians 
listened to their expostulations, the result would be most happy, but if they did not, 
then after due preparations, it would be advisable to march against them (§ 2) ; perhaps, 
in view of tho preparations of the Lacedajmonians, they would prefer coming to terms, 
in order to preserve their territory from devastation (§ 3) ; which territory the Lacedjje- 
monians held as a surety, and it should therefore be spared as long as possible (§ 4) ; as 
things now are, its devastation would bring disgrace and difficulty upon the Peloponne- 
sians, since accusations may be cleared away, but a war undertaken to redress private 
grievances cannot easily be brought with honor to a close (§§ 5, 6). 

1. ov fxr)v ovde — xeXtvcB, dut yet I do not hid you. The two nega- 
tives in. this formula serve to strengthen the negation, and are to be 
taken together, and not separately, as Hoog. (Gr. Part. p. 152. XII.) 
supposes, the former denying simply and generally, the other particu- 
larly. Of. S. 230. 1. drnto-ST^rcos', as if without perception = as 

though you were indifferent. Keference is had to the expression, rh 

avalcr'^-qrov^ uttered by the Corinthians (I. 69. § 3). fijjTro), not yet., 

i. e. not immediately. Ktveiu^ nefXTreiv and the other infinitives 

"which follow, depend on KeXevco. firjre . . . . eTnTpeyj/ofifv. "Tho 

sense is, neither to threaten war too plainly, and yet to let them see, 
that we shall not allow them to go on as they are going on." Arnold. 
/ifyS' as eTTiTpeyj/oixev = Koi (re in firjTe) prj brjXovi^as^ a>s eTTLTpe-^Ojiev^ 
or Koi brfkovvras ws ovk eTTiTpexIrofxev.) where for «s eVtrpe^/ro/Liev SOme 

such word as dfieXiav should stand. av in kuv (i. e. koL av) belongs 

to e^aprvea^ai. tovtco (sc. xpov<»), in the meantime. rrpoo-- 

ayayrj^ hy a bringing over^ dy an accession. 66 TroSei/, if from any 

quarter.^ from whatever quarter. In respect to the punctuation of 

this passage, I am inclined to follow that which is adopted by Haack, 
and partially by Arnold, i. e. to place a comma after TTpo(jkr]^6p.e'^a 
and eKnopL^cope^Sa, inclosing dvenicp'^ovov. . . .bia(rcc'^r]vai in the marks 
of a parenthesis. In this way koI in koI .... eKTvopi^afieJia responds to 
T€ before Trpoa-ayayyij, the two propositions containing the mode of 
effecting the object, expressed in ra rnxirepa avrap i^aprvetr'^ai. • 

du€7rL(f)^ovov (see N. on I. T5. § 5) belongs to Stao-wS^mt, which is the 

subject of the sentence. S. § 153. Se =: yap. ocrot oaa-ivep 

. . , ,i7ri^ov\€v6fX€?ia = i<elvovs (the subject of biacroa'^rjvaL) oaoi ini^ov- 
XevovraL tccnrep k. t. X. Cf. Jelf's Ktihn. §§ 817. 4; 895. 3. See K on 

in. 67. § 7. TO. avTwv = ra rificov avrcov. The reflexive pronouns 

of the third person are often used as general reflexives without refer- 



330 NOTES. [BooKl 

ence to person. eKTropi^Sfie'^a to have corresponded Tvith npoa-- 

ayoiyf]^ should have been, as Poppo remarks, [ex] nopio-nw. This clanso 
refers to the second mode of obtaining suppHes, viz. from their own 
resources, 

2. ravra apiara (sc. etrf) = this will de tJie hest issue of the a'ff'air. 
A truly noble sentiment, worthy of the experience and high station of 

the speaker. huV^ovTaiv rptwj/, when (see N. on I. 13. § 6) two 

or three years have elapsed; literally, two and three years. Cf. roiov- 

Tcop Koi TTapanK-qcriuiVn, I. 22. § 4. afxeivov is to be constructed with 

Tre^payjueVoi (perf. part. pass, of ^pacraoi)^ being better pi'epared for 
defence. t]v boK?} is to be taken with tp.€v in avrovs. 

3. avT^ (referring to napaaKevrju) opoia vnoar-qpaivovTas, signifying 
the same things as our actions. Bloomf. says that vnoarjpaivo) signifies, 
to give a private oTJpa or intimation of any thing, suMndico^ to inti- 
mate. paKkov belongs to av cXkouv. exovres and opoivres (su- 
pra) denote time. See N". on 1. 18, § 6. icp^appevcov by a hostile 

irruption. Archidamus afterwards acted on the principle which ho 
here recommended. Cf. II. 18. 

4. oprjpov^ pledge, surety. Suidas explains it, hexvpov, to ds dprj- 

vrjv bib6p,6vov cVi (rvv'^T]Kais. Bauer takes i'xeLv in the sense of 

Tvapex^Lv., they furnish to you. Bloomf. makes it stand for Karix^iv. 
Livy, Y. 42, is cited in illustration of this passage : " non omnia con- 

cremare tecta ut pignus, ad flectendos hostium animos haberent." 

ovx rj(T<Tov o(r€o = to(tovt(o fiaWov oaa. ^s", i. e. their teri'itory. 

For the genitive, cf. S. § 197. 2. es dnopoiav KaraaTTjaapras, by 

bringing them into desperation. 

5. iyK\r]p,aaip e7ret;(3eWe$', being incited by the accusations. Some 
translate: hastening on account of the a^usations (Mt. § 398. 5), but 
this is less suited to the context, for here Archidamus refers not so 
much to haste, as to an excited state of mind which begets hasty and 

ill-concerted measures. avrfjp refers to t^p y^p supra. opare 

oTTOis pr], beware lest, or more literally, see to it that — not. ala-xiop 

and dnopoorepop are here used for the positive with pdXkop. The other 
member of the comparison may be mentally supplied thus : more of 
disgrace (than of honor), which is better than with Gail, to attach the 

notion of nimis to the comparative. Trpd^opep. The canon of 

Dawes, that the subjunctive of the first aorist (except in the passive 
voice) cannot follow onoas fir], is now beginning to be doubted by many 
!>f the best scholars and critics. Cf. Jeif's Kiihn. § 821. 1. See. K on 
1. 73. § 1. The reading of Dindorf is that of Bekker, to whose tact in 
respect to the use or rejection of the indicative, Arnold expresses him- 
self disoosed to defer and therefore follows him here in the employ- 



Chap. LXXXin.] NOTES. 331 

ment of the indicative. Poppo, Goeller, Haack, and Bloomf. edit Trpd^- 
tofiev, to which reading I am inclined. 

6. olov re. See N. on I. 80. § 3. tS>v l8icov. , The Schol. 

refers this to the Corinthians, but there were others who complained 
of the Athenians, as the Megareans (I. 67. § 4), and in § 5 snpra, we 
have Tols ratv ^vfifxaxo^v iyKKrjixaa-iP erreix^^vTes. There is JlO doubt, 

however, that the Corinthians are more especially referred to. 

ovx imapxci, it is not ^possible. Ka3' otl x'^PW^h "^^<^^ issue i 

will liax)eP Bloomf. 



CHAPTER LXXXIII. 

It slioukl not be deemed the result of cowardice, that so many states did not immediately 
attack a single state (§ 1), for the Athenians have many allies and much tribute, and 
war demands treasures no less than arms (§ 2) ; means therefore for carrying on the war 
should be provided, and as the greatest share of responsibility would fall to the Lacedaj- 
monians in the war, they ought to deliberate well as to what would be its most probable 
issue (§3). 

1. avavhpla. is the predicate, and ttoXXov? . . . . eTreXSeiv the subject 
of the proposition. 

2. yap introduces a reason why pusillanimity should not be charged 

upon the allies for not declaring war immediately. Kal^ also. 

eXaa-aovs refers only to ^vfifxaxoi : allies not less in number (than our 
own), and who bring tliem tribute. The allies of the Lacedaemonians 

were exempt from paying tribute. tcrnv SoTrdwys, literally, 

inar is not of arms the more but of treasures = war does not require 
arms so much as treasure. The full construction would be t6 nXeov 
(so. ^ darrdvTjs), dWa dandpTjs (sc. to ifKiov rj ottXcov). Cf. Jelf's 
Kiihn. § 774. Obs. 5. The genitives may be referred to Mt. § 316 ; ^. 

§ 190. di rjv^ by means of which (i. e. of treasure), not on account 

of which. (iXXcos .... SaXao-criovs-, especially in the case of inland- 
ers at wa/r with a maritime power. This use of the dative is quite 
unusual. Bloomf. jBinds another example in rois Trparois — x^'-P°'''^X^^''^'> 
VI. 72. § 2. 

3. nopia-difie'^a. S. § 218. 2. olnep de koI k. t. X. The order 

53 : oiTrep de e^ojxev to TrXeov Trjs alrias tu)U dTvo^aivoiTcov in dfxcfioTepa 
(i. e. whether the result be prosperous or the contrary). The words 
TO TrXeov TTJs alTias may be rendered, the greater share of responsibility, 
Betant classes aWias with I. 39. § 3 ; II. 18. § 3 ; 60. § 7 ; III. 13. § 7, 
in which places it must be rendered blame. But as tS^v d-no^aivov- 



332 NOTES. [Book 1 

rcov eir d{x(})6T€pa looks to the alternative of a successful as "well as a 
disastrous issue, in which case no blame would accrue to the Lacedae- 
monians, it is better to take alrias in the more general sense of cmise- 

whether of good or evil. ovtoi is the antecedent of olnep. 

avTcov^' sc. Toiu aTTo^aivopTcov. Notice the change of person in Trpot- 

boafxev^ by which an application of the general sentiment is made to 
the case in hand. 



CHAPTER LXXXIY. 

It should cause no shame to be reproached with delay, since haste would in the end pro- 
crastinate the war (§ 1) ; their moderation was prudence, which neither prosperity nor 
adversity, praise or reproach could disturb (§ 2) ; this rendered them both brave and 
wise, because a sedate and orderly temper inspired them with a keen sense of shame, and 
also a due regard to the laws, and they had been so educated as not to be sagacious in 
useless matters, nor to utter eloquent censures on the measures of the enemy, to which 
their deeds did not correspond ; but to regard the plans of others as very similar to iheir 
own, and beyond the power of eloquence to unfold (§ 3) ; presuming the measures of tLo 
enemy to be wisely taken, they should place no dependence upon their blunders, bat 
upon their own cours^e and wisdom, not imagining any great difference to be among 
men, but that he is best, who has been trained up in what is most needful (§ 4). 

1. TO Ppabv Koi ixeXKov. See N. on TO TTio-Tov, I. 68. § 1. Respect- 
ing the charge of tardiness and dilatoriness to which Archidamus here 
replies, cf. I. 69. § 4 ; 70. §§ 2-4. Indeed no small portion of the Co- 
rinthian speech consisted in upbraiding the Lacedaamonians for their 
slow and procrastinating temper. 6.. . .f]fj,a>v^ which most espe- 
cially they Mame in us. ixaXio-Ta is to be taken with 6 =: which more 
than any other thing. In respect to T]p.a)v, which Kiihner (§ 273. 5. f) 
ranks with the genitive of material, I prefer with Crosby (§ 391. (3) 
to regard it as a possessive genitive, in dependence upon the neuter 
nronoun, which in connection with verbs of praise, blame, or wonder, 

takes such a genitive. Cf. Mt. § 317. o-TreuSoin-ty, if you were to 

Jiasten (to the war). S. § 225. 6. The apodosis is av navama^e. 
Bloomf. regards this as a sort of adage like our ' to make more haste 
than good speed,' and 'the furthest way round is the surest way 
home.' Compare the Latin proverb, festina Untc. Acai dfia in- 
troduces another reason why the Laced ajmonians should not be 
ashamed of the charge here responded to. There is no need with 
Bloomf. of supplying 8ia tovto, since, as Haack observes, the speaker 
employs the argumentum ah effectu. The fact that the Lacedajmoni- 
ans had always enjoyed a free city, is adduced as proof that their 
habits were not deemed worthy of reprehension. 



Chap. LXXXIV.] NOTES. 333 

2. dvvaraL — tovt eivai^ '■''in this consists: Bloomf. Perhaps the 
expression = can he regarded as. tovto refers to to ^pa8v koL fxiXkop 

(§ 1 supra), as does also avro in the next clause. evnpayiais, on 

account of success (Mt. § 398. b), or in prosperity (K. § 283. 3). It is 
well remarked by Bloomf., that Archidaraus now proceeds to give a 
sort of sketch of the Lacedaemonian character, in opposition to that 

given of the Athenians :,j the Corinthians. roiv — e^orpwovrcov 

depends on rjbovfj^ in the sense of rj8ovf} rjv Trapexovaiv ol e^oTpvuovres 

ovbeu belongs to both the participle and the verb. Cf. I. 12. § 1 , 

85. § 1. Betant interprets dveneia'^rjpev^ we would de persuaded^ 

as though it were the simple iivila'^-qp.cv. Poppo also (Proleg. I. p. 
203) considers ava- as pleonastic. But Bloorafield more correctly 
makes it stand for p.eTejreio-'^rjpev^ we would de persuaded to change 
(our determination). The aorist here denotes customary action. See 
N. on I. 70. § 6. 

3. TO evKoarfiop (good order) = rr)v o-(o(})po(TvvT]v, which for the sake 

of variety is substituted for it in the next sentence. to pkv. . . . 

evylrvxi-a.-, the one., because a sense of shame is the main element of an 
orderly temper, and from a sense of shame arises a manly spirit. The 
reasoning is syllogistical : a sense of shame is always attendant upon 
moderation and discretion; but a sense of shame begets a manly 
spirit ; therefore a manly spirit is the result of moderation and discre- 
tion. TO p.kv refers to rroXepiKoi, which is repeated in ev-^vxla as 
albois is in alax^^s. The difficulty in interpreting this passage, has 

resulted from overlooking the synonymous words. araKppoavvrjs 

nXelcTTOp peTex^h shares most largely in moderation of temper. S. 

§ 191. N. cv^ovXoL de responds to to pev (cf. Vig. p. 2. IV.) and 

refers back to ev^ovXoi — yiyvopi^a. dpa'^ea-Tepov .... naibevopevoi 

(a varied construction for oti dpa'^ea-Tepov 7rai5evo/xe3a), hecause we are 
too unlearned (spoken sarcastically) to despise the laws. dpa^eaTepov 
is taken adverbially with Traidevopevoi. The genitive njs xmcpo^'ias 
depends on dpaZea-Tepov (S. § 195. 1) in the sense of ^ wore tovs vopovs 
vTifpopdv. Of. Mt. § 451 ; S. 223. 1. This passage refers to the re- 
proaches cast upon the Lacedaemonians in the speech of the Corinthi- 
ans (I. 68). (rai(f)pov€<TTepov. Kepeat Tvaibevopivoi. to. dxpe^a 

limits ^vvcTol as the accusative synecdochical, and refers to the elo- 
quence studied and practised by the Athenians, but deemed by the 
Lacedaemonians of trifling importance and therefore neglected by 

them. The words X6y<o kuXcos pepcjiopevot are opposed to dvopoicos 

epyco eTTc^tei/at, and hence pep(f)6p€voi may be rendered into English 
by an infinitive, in order to correspond to enc^uvai, or by the indica- 
tive with an adverb of time, while we ilame (see N, on 1. 13. § 6). — — 



334: NOTES. [BookL 

dvoixol^s to our harangues. ine^ievai depends grammatically on 

TraiScuo/ievof, although in a manner epexegetical of the clause immedi- 
ately preceding. vofii^eiv. Supply again Traidevofxevoi rrapa 

Trhrjaiovs^ sc. rais rjixerepais. So Haack and Poppo. Arnold after 
Goel. gives as the sense of TrapairXTjo-iovs . . . .Tv^as, UJce to the chances 
of war, which cannot be distinctly made out in words beforehand (ou 
Xdyw dLaiperds). This may be the true sense of this obscure passage, 
and yet the objection made by Goel. to Haack's interpretation, that 
Thucydides could not have been ignorant of the almost infinite diver- 
eitv of the thoughts of men, is not very weighty, since diavoias refers 
here to 2>'^^pose or intention in respect to the carrying on of war, 
which a skilful general will oftentimes divine, by considering what he 
Jiimself would do, if placed in the situation of his enemy. 

4. del 8e — epy&) is Opposed to ov \6yco dtaiperds, the construction 
being changed from the infinitive to the finite verb TrapaaK^va^op.e'^a. 

COS. .. . .ivavTLOVs is put for Trpos rovi ivavrlovs oas npos ev jSovXevo- 

fxevovs. The preposition, when it should stand twice with two dif- 
ferent nouns, is often put only once, and then not with the principal 
noun, but with the substantive in apposition, if that precedes. Of. 

Mt. § 595. 4. cos duapTrja-opevoiv, on the supposition that they will 

commit Munders. K. § 312. 6 ; S. § 226. a. ojy f}p.odv irpovoov- 

fjievcov. The construction is, dXX' (ex^iu Sei rds iXTrlSas i^) fjpcov avr&v 

o>s d(T(f)a\(bs irpovoovp-evoiv. Ttokv re ... . av'^poinov. The sentiment 

is similar to that contained in vofii^eiv .... eluai (§ 3 supra), as given by 
Haack and Poppo, only more general, av'^pconov is the subject of 

dia(p€p€Lv upon which dj/3pa)7rou depends (S. § 198. 2). eV to7s 

dvayKaiordroLs^ in things tliat are necessary, opposed to ra dxp^la in 
§ 3 supra. 



CHAPTER LXXXV. 

In short, since they had been prosperons under the institutions handed down by their fore- 
fathers, they should not cast them aside, and act -with precipitation in an affair of such 
moment (§ 1) ; but should send an embassy to Athens on the affairs complained of, and 
meanwhile make preparations for war (§ 2). Archidamus having closed his speech, Sthe 
nelaidas, one of the cphors, rises to reply (§ 3). 

1. fieXeras, institutions, referring more particularly to the educa 

tion of children and youth, according to the laws of Lycurgus. 

a}<f)e\ovfievoi exoi^ev, we have used with advantage. See N. on I. 67 
§ 1. pi] Tvapoapav (S. § 218. 2). The object is /xeXcVaf. ujyS' 



Chap. LXXXVL] NOTES. 335 

This negative belongs to the whole proposition with which it is con- 
nected. See N. on I. 12. § 1 ; 84. § 2. nepl TroWap o-co/xaro)! 

K. T. X., involving many lives, much wealtli, etc. In respect to tlie re- 
petition of Kai, see N. on I. 80. § 3. ^^(tti, SC. xaS' fjarvxiav ^ov 

Xeueiv from the preceding context. [xakXov erepccv = /laXkop rj 

irepocs. Mt. § 454. Ohs. 2. The Corinthians are referred to in erepav. 

Cf. I. 69. § 5 ; 71. § 1. Sta l(rxvv, on account of our power^ which 

would deter any one from attacking us rashly. 

2. Trept o)!/ = rrepi eKeivcov a, of which the relative is constructed 
with aSiKfiorSat, according to the formula dbiKelv nvd n. In respect 

to 01 ^vp,[xaxoi cf)a(nv ddLKc7a?iai^ cf. I. 67. § 4. ciXXois re kqI. 

See N. on I. 83. § 2. eTolpav. . . .hovvai, since they are ready to 

submit to trial. The participle here denotes cause. See N. on I. 9. 

§ 4 (end). On hUas bovvai^ see N. on I. 28. § 2. 8e = yap. 

dhiKovvra, by its antithesis with top diSovra (sc. Sikos-), signifies one 
who is convicted of wrong-doing, or who refuses to submit to a judi- 
cial investigation. The subject of this sentence is I'eVat, with which 
the predicate p6p.ip.op is put in agreement, and which is qualified by 

ov Trporepop. yap. The ellipsis may be supplied, for (by thus 

doing) you will consult, etc. 

8. 23ei/eXarSay. Cf. Pausan. III. 7. § 10 (cited by Poppo) : 23ej/c- 
XatiSar, es re liWa cop ovk ddvparos ip KaKchalpopi, Koi icfiopevcop Ip tw 
Tore, rod noXepov paXiora eyepcro aiTLOs. 



CHAPTER LXXXVI. 

Sthenelaidas commonces his speech, which is truly Spartan in its brevity and bluntness, 
by professing his inability to comprehend the speech of the Athenians, who had said 
many things in their own praise, but had passed over the charges made against them by 
the allies in perfect silence. If they had done well in the Persian war and were now con- 
ducting badly, they ought to receive a double punishment for ceasing to be good and 
for becoming bad (§ 1) ; as the Lacedaemonians had not changed, they should delay not 
to revenge the injuries done to their allies (§ 2) ; whatever might be the resources of 
the Athenians, yot they had allies, whose wrongs should not be redressed by words but 
by actioT)!} (§ 3); not the avengers but the doers of an injury should consume time in 
deliberation (§ 4) ; the dignity of Sparta, and a regard for their allies, demanded that a 
check should be put upon the rising power of the Athenians (§ 5). 

1 . dprelTTOP cos ovk d^LKovcrc. See N. on cos ov after dvTeXeyov, J\ 

77. § 3. KaiToi «ft, and yet if= granting that. dnrXaaias Ct 

mas. Cf. III. 67. §2. 



336 NOTES. [Boon I 

2. ofxoLoi, the same^ i. e. liberators of Greece (as the Schol. remarks). 
6' . . . . Trao-p^eii/. There are two modes of interpreting this 



passage, according as /xeXXovo-i naa-yji-v is taken in the sense of to he 
about to suffer^ or to delay suffering^ both of which tend to the same 
thing, viz. that the alUes are now actually sulfering injuries. The 
latter signification is preferred by Haack, as more consentaneous with 
fxcXX^o-o/xej/ which precedes. Thus there would be a play on these 
words, which are here strongly opposed : let us not delay to taTce Ten- 
geance—for our allies do not delay to suffer injuries. oi 5' is em- 
ployed for the demonstrative pronoun. 

3. aXkoi.9^ i. e. the Athenians. ovs . . . . ia-riv, whom we must 

not betray to the Athenians. The verbal irapahorea is followed by 
the same case as its verb. " The use of the plural for the singular, 
appears to have arisen from the want of a noun or definite object of 

sense, to give strict unity to the conception." Crosby § 451. N. 

fij) Xdyo) is to be taken with /SXaTrro/ieVovs-, and so I have pointed the 
passage. iravri crSfi/et, with all our might. 

4. ahLKovfxevovs^ when we are injured (see N". on I. 13. § 6), is to be 

constructed with ^ovXevea^ai. akXa — fxakXov TrpeVei, hut it is 

rather becoming. The general sentiment is, that men ought to con- 
sult long before they commit an act of injustice, but in punishing evil- 
doers, there was no need of deliberation. iro\vu Kpovop is spoken in 
reference to the words of Archidamus, I. 85. § 5. 

5. a|ta)s TTJs ^irdpTrjs, i. e. as is suitable to the dignity of Sparta. 

KaTa7rpoB(,ba>ix€v = Tvpohi.hcbp.ev^ only stronger. ^vv rois ^€ois<i 

with the aid of tlie gods. 



CHAPTER LXXXYII. 

Bthenelaidas, in virtue of his office as ephor, piits the qnestion to vote in the Laceda^mo 
nian assembly (§ 1) ; pretending that he could not determine, by the shout, on which 
Bide was the majority, he proceeds to take the question by a division of the assembly 
by which it appeared that by a large majority the treaty was declared to be broken 
(§§ 2, 3) ; the allies having been called in and informed of the vote, it was resolved to caf 
a general meeting of the allies, and submit to them the question of war, in order th*' 
if it was resolved upon, it might be waged in concert (§ 4) ; after this decision of the as 
eembly, which took place the fourteenth year of the thirty years' truce, the allies anu 
Athenians return home (§§ 5, 6). 

1. ineylrrjcfiLCfv — is Tr)v UKKr)(TLav {— ev ttJ ckkXtjo-io), put the ques- 
tion to vote in the assembly. i'ne^r)(l>i^fiv = i//'^^oi/ npoJieivaL. Cf. Mt 

/ 



Chap. LXXXVIL] .NOTES. g^t 

§ 402. Ols. €(f}opos a>v. On the powers and duties of the ephorp, 

cf. Mtill. Dorians, II. pp. 114-132. 

2. ov yj/'r]<p(o. " Sed ne ipsi quidem Athenienses in ecclesia calculis 
utebantur, sed x^'-P^^^^'^^-'^ Haack. This however was not always 

the case. eWti/ is to be supplied with oirorepa /xei^coi/, and has 

properly for its subject t^v ^oj)v^ tlhich is transferred into the principal 

clause as its object. See N". on ttoXiv, I. 72. § 1. avrovs depends 

on opfMijarac. aTrobeiKw^Uvovs denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. 

§ 1. This device of Sthenelaidas caused many to vote for the war, 
who dared not openly to go against what seemed to be the popular 

side of the question. ora refers for its antecedent to the omitted 

subject of di/aoTTjro), and limits doKova-i. ol ^A^irjvaloi. Repeat 

mentally 8oKovo-t. deltas is to be referred to eXe^ej/, as though 

written eXe^ev deltas ti x^p'*-^^ avrois. The sentence, as it now stands, 

is parenthetical. ora — iii] doKovaiv. See N. on oo-rtf, I. 40. § 2. 

(S TO, 6771 Sarepa. Repeat avaaTr]Tio, 

3. dvaarrduTes. Haack thinks that it may be inferred from this, 
that the Lacedaemonians, after the custom of the heroic age, sat upon 
the ground while they were deliberating. " Sed cur dvaa-rripai minus 
recte ad eos, qui de sedibus surrexerint, spectare posse crediderit, nos 

prseterit." Poppo. oh = cKelvoi ols^ the antecedent being the 

subject of iyevovTO. 

4. acf)i(Ti fiev boKoiev = they had determined = it was their opinion. 
Tovs Tram-as ^vp-fiaxovs. Cf. I. 119. 

5. ol /xeV, i. e. the Corinthians and the other Lacedsomonian allies. 
• €(ji direp ^XSoi/, having transacted the dusiness for which they 



fund come (see N. on dnio-rr}^ I. 62. § 1). 

6. Tov — XeXvo-Sai is the attributive genitive in dependence on Sm- 
yrco^T/, with which it is properly in apposition. Cf. the Homeric 

'iXi'ou TTToXieSpoi/, and the Latin uros Bomce. iv r« . . . . Sexaroj. 

" Mense hujus anni quinto vel medio vel exeunte." Poppo. ^^rh 

TO. Ev^o'iKa^ after the Eiiboic war. 

15 



,^38 NOTES. • [BookL 



CHAPTERS LXXXYIII.— CXVII. 

Having related the ostensible causes of the war in chaps. 24-87, the his 
torian now recurs to a remark made in diap. 23. § 6, that the real ground of 
the war was the fear, with which the Lacedaemonians regarded the great and 
rapid increase of the Athenian power. In order to make this evident, he 
now proceeds to give in detail a histoiy of the affairs of Greece, from the 
close of the Persian war down to the commencement of the Peloponnesian 
war. In this narrative, he shows in what way the Athenians had augmented 
their power, the policy which governed their treatment of their allies, and 
their steady purpose to promote the aggrandizement of their own state, the 
gradual withdrawal of the Lacedaemonians from the public affairs of Gi'cece, 
and their virtual surrender of the general guidance and control to the Athe- 
nians. It is one of the most valuable summaries of history which has been 
handed down to us, and is justly celebrated for its perspicuity, conciseness, 
and evident truthfulness and impartiality. The reader, who would under- 
stand well the position and relative strength of the two leading states of 
Greece, when the Peloponnesian war broke out, should make himself very 
familiar with the events of these preceding years, which the ancient gram- 
marians distinguished by the common name of the fifty years. Arnold 
remarks, that "to follow the history in chronological order, a reader, after 
finishing Herodotus, should take up Thucydides at the 89th, chapter, and 
read to the 117th inclusive: he should then go back to the 24th, and read 
from thence to the 88th inclusive, after which he should proceed directly to 
the 118th." 

This summary of Greek history may be divided into, (1) the manner in 
which the Athenians attained to their power (chaps. 89-96); (2) the causes 
and events which led to their subjugation of the allies (chaps. 97-118). I 
would venture here to suggest, that these chapters (i. e. 88-117), in conse- 
quence of their comparative freedom from involved constructions and other 
perplexing difficulties, which embarrass the reader in other portions of our 
author, might advantageously be read first, as a kind of introduction to thf 
gtyle, and a gradual preparation for reading the more difficult pa^t''. 



CHAPTER LXXXYIII. 

This chapter serves to introduce the digression contained in chaps. 8?-llT. 

1. ov Toa-ovTov. . . . Sui/TjScoo-ti/, not SO much because tJiey lelieved (see 
N. on I. 9. § 4) the statements of their allies^ as because they feared 



Chap. LXXXDL] NOTES. 839 

lest the Athenians should hecome more and more powerful. The con- 
Btruction is as thougli it had been written, (I)o^ov[j,€vol fxfj ov ^A'^ijvaloc 

— bvvrpwcrL. See N". on ttoXlv^ I. ir2. § 1. opcovres is related to 

(jio^ovfjLevoL as denoting the cause why they feared. The extent of 
dominion attributed to the Athenians by the Lacedaemonians is doubt- 
less exaggerated, unless, as Bloomf. thinks, the Athenian allies, sub- 
jects, and colonies, both in Greece, Asia, and elsewhere, are included 
in the general expression here made use of. See N. on I. 81. § 2. 



CHAPTER LXXXIX. 

The design of this summary of Grecian history, which extends from the siege of Sestos to 
the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, is to show the origin and progress of the Athe- 
nian power in Greece (§ 1) ; the Persians having been driven from Europe and conquered 
at Mycale, Leotychides the Spartan king, with the Peloponnesian allies, returns home, 
but the Athenians and their confederates remaining lay siege to Sestos and succeed in 
taking it, after which they return to their respective homes (§ 2) ; the Athenians then 
bring back their wives and children, and prepare to rebuild the city and its walls (§ 3). 

1. rj\?iov r]v^rpr]a-av^ '■'■ad res gerendas venerunt^ per quas creve- 

runty Portus. 

2. I prefer with Haack to construct is MvKokqv with oi KaTa<pvy6v- 
res-, those of tJiem who had fled away in their ships to Mycale. There 
is, however, no serious objection to constructing it with di€(f)'^dp7]a-av, 

were defeated at Mycale. Xea>Tvxi-^r]s^ Leotychides the grandfather 

of Archidamus II. (see N. on I. 79. § 2), after the battle of Mycale, 
was sent into Thessaly, where, after several successes obtained over 
those who had joined the Barbarians in the Persian war, he yielded 
to the bribes of the Aleuadae, for which he was brought to trial on his 
return home, and went into exile to Tegea, a. c. 469, where he died. 

Cf. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Biog. and Mythol. St^o-toV, Sestos, 

lay on the Thracian side of the Hellespont. Its possession was deemed 
of importance, because it commanded in a great measure the channel. 

Here Xerxes crossed the Hellespont on bridges of boats. imx^i- 

fjid(Tovr€s, having remained through the winter. iicKcnovTcov, having 

abandoned. ws eKacrrot, = o)s eKacrroi erv^ov. 

3. TO Koivov, the commonwealth.^ contains the idea of plurality, and 
hence takes a plural verb (SieKo/xt^oin-o), and has avrois referring to 
it in the plural (cf. Mt. § 302). The pronoun avrois follows aTr^XSoi', 
as showing to whom the action expressed in the verb has reference 



340 I NOTES. [Book L 

(cf. Jelf' s Kiilin. § 600. 2), or it may depend on x'^P"^? i^ the sense of 

the adnominal genitive. Cf. S. § 201. 5. 6?iev = ivrev'^iv ov {ubi). 

For the attraet-ion of relative adverbs, cf. K. § 332. E. 7; S. § 175. 1. 

vire^e^ein-o^ had removed them for safety. Notice the force of vno 

and €K in this verb, the latter communicating the idea, out of danger, 

and the former, removal to a secret or retired situation. ttjv 

TTokiv as distinguished from to. Telxn-, is to be taken in the sense of 

houses. ai fiev TToXXai and oXt'yai Be are in partitive apposition 

with otKi'ai, which should properly be put in the genitive denoting 
the whole (cf. K. § 206. 3 ; S. § 156. 8). Eender : the greater part 
of the houses had fallen, and hut few remained standing. 



CHAPTER XC. 

The Lacedfemonians, "when they hear that the Athenians are about to rebuild their walls, 
partly of their own accord, and partly instigated by their allies, send an embassy to 
Athens (§ 1), and under pretence that the enemy, if they should return, should have no 
fortified place whence to sally forth, desire the Athenians to desist from their erection 
(§ 2) ; but Themistocles advises his fellow-citizens to dismiss the Lacedasmonian embassy, 
with the promise that they would send envoys to Sparta concerning the matter in hand, 
of whom he being one would repair immediately to Sparta, while they, remaining at 
Athens his associates in the embassy, should apply themselves to the work of fortifying 
the city with all their energies and resources (§ 8); after the giving of which advice, he 
takes his departure (§ 4) ; having arrived at Sparta he defers bis attendance on the 
authorities, under the pretence that he is waiting for his colleagues (§ 5). 

1. TO iieWov (see !N^. on I. 68. § 1), what was about to he done, i. e. 

that the city was about to be fortified. ^XSov irpear^elq, went by 

embassy z= sent an einbassy. to. fiev opaures, partly because 

(see N. on I. 9. §,4) they would (av) have been more glad to see. 

TO Se responds to to. /xeV, the singular being employed for the sake 

of emphasis. i^oTpwovroav denotes cause. 6 irpXv ovx vTrrjp^^e^ 

which formerly did not exist. 6 refers to TrX^Soy, and therefore it 
is not denied that there was any shipping, but only that the fleet was 
not numerous, which was true, for previous to the Persian war the 
Athenians had comparatively no navy. Cf. 1. 14. § 8. 

2. avTovs, i. e. the Athenians. aWa xat, but rather. oo-ott 

elaTtjKct (sc. TCLxr) cognate to tovs nepi^oXovs, the enclosures, walls), 
as many as had walls standing, oo-ois refers to Ta>v e|a) nekoTrowrjaov 
(of those cities without Peloponnesus), and limits elaTrjKei. Arnold 
prefers ^weLo-TrjKei, stood or held together, i. e. existed unruined. — 



€hAP. XC] iNUliLS. 341 

^uyKaSeXfij/ depends on tj^lovv. cr(^a)i/, i. e. the Lacedaemonians. 

TO ^ovXofieuou = Tf}v ^ovkqcTLv^ their wish^' desire. See IsT. on I. 

G8. § 1. is Tovs 'A?ir}vat.ovs depends on vttotttov. cos be — qvk 

au exovTos = (fidaKOVTes 8e, on {el fxrj TeixiCot'^v) ovk av exoi. For this 
use of ©$•, see N. on I. 73. § 5. In respect to the employment of the 
participle instead of the substantive sentence (i. e. as followed by a 
finite verb), cf. K. § 329. 6. R. 5. The difference between the two 

modes of construction is only in form. dno ixvpov no^iev^ from 

any fortijled place whatever. dvaxoiprja-iv^ place of retreat. 

d(f)opfiT]v^ a, sallying place; '■''locus unde fit impetusP Betant. It is 
like our military phrase, liase of operations. The duplicity and mean- 
ness of the Lacedaemonians in this affair, was effectually counteracted 
by the firmness and sagacity of Themistocles, as we shall see in the 
sequel. 

3. -yi/co/i?;, "by the advice.^ suggestion. tovs AaKebaifioviovs de- 
pends on dTTTjXka^av. The natural order of construction would have 

placed dTTOKpivdpevoL . Xeyovaip immediately after yvo)prj. as 

avTovs. See N. on I. 34. § 2.  irepX a>v = nepl eKeivcov a. Trpos 

eavT(p^ besides himself. eKTrepneiv. Repeat eKeXevev. P^XP'- 

. . . .apaxTiv^ until they should have raised the wall (to a height) sujffl- 
cient. In respect to the subjunctive, see N. on KcoXiJcai/rai, I. 26. § 2. 

ware d':Topdx'^(T'^cLt explains Ikovov. Ik. , , . vyJAovs., the height 

which was darely necessary^ i. e. to a height, less than whicl^i would be 

useless for purposes of defence. Travbrjpel is rendered stiU more 

emphatic, by koL avTovs. . . .naidas which follows. Cor. 'Nep. includes 
also the servants in the number of those who engaged in raising the 

walls and repairing the fortifications. t\s co^eXeia, any thing of 

service for the work. 

4. vneiTTOiv ToXXa ort is put by attraction for vnenrcbv otl ToXXa. 
Haack places a comma after inenrcov. rdKei, i. e. at Sparta. 

5. Tas dpxdsy the magistrates. Goel. says that the ephors are 

meant. ^'■vy^i ^^' "^^^ xP^^°^' irpol^acrl^eTo^ made excuses, 

Frontinus says that he feigned sickness. t^v iv TeXei ovtcov, of 

those who were in office. The same persons are here referred to as in 

Tas dpxds. otl is here put for SioVt. Cf. Mt. § 488. 8. Blooraf 

supplies Tt ea-Tiv. TO Koivhv refers to the common assembly, befcre 

addressing which, as Bloomf. remarks, it was necessary to obtain the 

permission of the dpxo.1. daxoXlas he twos oiia-qsy on account of 

some engagement 



342 NOTES [Bocil 



CHAPTER XCI. 

The confidence of the Lacedaemonians in the declarations of Tliemistocles, is somewhat 
ehaken by the counter-statement of others, -who report that the -walls are building (§ 1) 
they are persuaded by him, however, to send persons to Athens to ascertain the truth of 
his assertions (§ 2) ; while at the same time he gives private instructions to the Atheni- 
ans, to detain the Spartan messengers until he and his colleagues (who had then arrived) 
should return home (§ 3) ; this they do, after which Themistocles annomices to the Lace- 
daemonians, that the city is fortified sufficiently for purposes of defence, and that the 
Athenians know what is for their own and the common good (§ 4) ; that their prudeu'ce 
had been manifested, both when through necessity they abandoned their city and 
embarked on board of their ships, and when they were consulted on matters of common 
moment (§ 5) ; that it would be for their own interest, and that of the allies in general, to 
have their city in such a state of defence, that they would not be deterred from ofiering 
fi-ee and impartial counsel in the common assembly (§§ 6, 7). 

1. ol Se daovovres. . . .iTrebovTo, dut wTien they lieard this^ they 

Ijelieved Themistocles ; not those who heard^ etc. avrov is the 

objective genitive, for or towards Mm. In respect to the high repute 

in which the Lacedosmonians held Themistocles, cf. I. 74. § 1. 

Ta>v be ciWav does not refer to the Lacedremonian ambassadors, as 
they had returned to Sparta before the arrival of Themistocles (cf. I. 
90. § 3), nor to the colleagues of Themistocles, since their arrival is 
particularly mentioned in § 3 infra, but to those who had come from 
Athens in the way of common business. Haack conjectures, that the 
article is employed to denote all who came^ and that the following koi 
may be taken in the sense of vel or adeo. In his German translation 
of the passage he seems, however, to have given ta koI the significa- 
tion, which it has before jtxdXa and ttoi/u, which Poppo (Suppl. Adnot. 
p. 136) says is approved by Sintenis in Ephem. Scholast. 1831. p. 1140. 
In the place of aXXav (which is suspected by Dobree), Poppo conjec- 
tures from the words of Plutarch, that Aiyii^rcoj/ should be substituted. 
In view of all that has been said, I am disposed to retain the article* 
and give the passage the translation, tJie others (as we would say every 
other arrival^ aXXav being employed in contradistinction to Themisto- 
cles) who ca?ne^ declaring very openly. As it is probable that Themis- 
tocles had denied that the construction of the walls was going forward 
the declaration of these comers from Athens was a contradiction of 
Ms assertions, yet the verb in itself has not the signification given it 

by Bloomfield, contradicting 7iis representatioris. v\//-os Xan^dvci^ 

BC. TO relx^s elicited from reixiC^rai. ovk elxov (mentally) oirois 

XpT] uTToo-T^o-at, they did not Mow how they were to discredit the thing. 



Chap. XCL] NOTES. 343 

XP^ is a gloss, but cf. ovk rjTria-TavTO irpos o ri xph X^PW^h ^H* 44. 
§ 3. Seo also Xen. Cyr. I. 4. § 24 ; IV. 5. § 19. 

2. ^7; nep-yp-ai^ not to be led away 'by reports^ but to send ratJier ; 

literally, not rather to be led away — tlian to send, "Ex nostra di- 
cendi ratione pro /xi) pJoKKov — r\ magis /x?) rotrovTov — ocrov sen \i.r] — 

oKKa fxaXXov exspectes." Poppo. atpwv avTcov shows that the re 

presentations, adverse to the declarations of Themistocles, had not 

been made by the Lacedsemonians. xPW'^'-) respectable^ of good 

standing. 

3. aTToo-reXXovortj/ ovv. According to Cor. Kep., they sent three 
men functos summis honoribus. Diod. calls them rovs iTricjiavea-TdTovs, 

but does not state their number. cbs rJKio-Ta €Tn(})ava>s = as secretly 

as possible. rrplv (always accompanied by av) is followed by the 

subjunctive or optative when a negative clause precedes, and when 
reference is had to future time, i. e. when its translation is before. 
"When it refers to time past (its translation being until)^ it takes the 
indicative. Of. Jelf 's Kuhn. § 848 ; K. § 337. 9. a ; S. § 220. 2. The 
subjunctive, KOfXKr^iSxnv, is here employed according to the general 
rule, that it depends on a primary tense, KeXevtou taking the time of 
neixnei. S. § 212. 2. avrol refers to Themistocles and his col- 
leagues. rjdT] relx^s is a parenthesis, thrown in to explain 

why the plural avrol was used. 'AjSpooi/i^^or, Abronychus. It was 

he who commanded the ship stationed at Thermopylao, to communi- 
cate between Leonidas and the fleet at Artimesium. 'AptoTetS/ys-, 

Aristides, surnamed the Just, the rival of Themistocles. For an inter- 
esting sketch of his life, see Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Biog. and 
Mythol. yap after i<j>o^a.To introduces the reason why Themisto- 
cles gave the direction contained in ws rfKia-ra Kop-io-^saxriv. It 

resumes the narration which was interrupted by the parenthesis ^drj 

....ret^os-. acfias^ them. Cf. Butt. §127. 3. oirore aacjias 

uKovaeiav^ when they should perchance (cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 844. a) obtain 
certain intelligence that the walls were erected. 

4. cos irpos .... Uvai. The order is : to Xoltvov uvai a>s rrpbs diayi- 
yvQ)a-KovTas. The infinitive levai depends on eiTrev, to be repeated 
from the preceding member, where it was followed by on with the 

indicative. to. ^v/xcfiopa and ra kolvo. (sc. ^v/xcfyopa taken as a 

Bubstantive) depend on diayLyvaa-Kovras. These remarks of Themisto- 
cles are very spirited and patriotic. 

5. avev iKeivcov — yvovres^ hamng determined (on this thing) without 

them (i. e. without asking advice of them). oaa /3oi;Xeveo-3at, 

as to any plans which loere determined on in conjunction with them 
(i. e. in joint council with th'e Lacedaemonians). For the construction 



344 NOTES. [Book! 

of the accusative with the infinitive in the oratio obliqna, and depend- 
ing on a verb of saying, declaring, etc., expressed or implied (here 

€(j)ao-av), cf. Jelf 's Kuhn. § 889. a ; Mt. § 538. ov^eubs varepoi, 

inferior to no one. S. § 198. 1. 

6. boKeiv is constructed the same as leVat, § 4 supra. koI vvv^ 

now also. The subject of flvM is the proposition Tr)v. .. .exeiv, 

which is also the subject of Zaea'^ai. is rovs iravras ^vmidxovs is 

a varied construction for iraa-i rols ^vnfjAxotSy which would regularly 
have followed rois rroXtVats-. 

7. ov yap. . . .0ov\€V€a^ai^ for it is impossible for any one^ without 
(jifj diro) preparation for defence equal [to that of tlie other members 
of the confederacy], to give similar and equal (i. e. independent and 
impartial) advice in respect to the common weal, to that which is given 
by the more powerful confederates. Arnold paraphrases, for no one 
could enter heartily into the counsels of a confederacy, unless he had as 
much at stalce as the other members of it. But he appears not to have 
caught the idea, which is not equality of interests at stake, but of the 
means of defence, such equalities being necessary to give eacli mem- 
ber of a confederacy freedom of deliberation in the common council. 
In respect to the general construction, elvai depends on oX6u t 
(S. § 222. 6), and /SouXeueo-Sai is the subject of the proposition 

(S. § 222. 1). ^. . . .ex^tv, or to consider tliat this thing (i. e. the 

construction of the walls at Athens) was just and proper, rabe = 
rdSe. -* 



CHAPTER XCII. 

The Lacedsemonians exhibit no appearance of resentment at the speech of Themist-^lea, 
but nevertheless hold a secret grudge against the Athenians. The ambassadors on both 
sides return home unblamed (§ 1). 

1. opyrjv . . . . irroiovvTo, manifested no resentment. KoiKvp^r} =^ 

Ka>\vp,aTi. S^Se;/, forsooth, indeed, expresses irony, and therefore 

:= they pretended. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 726. 2. a. rw koivw is ren- 
dered by Portus, ad eorum (i. e. the Athenians) rempublicam: So 
Haack takes the dative for is with the accusative. Valla (cited ap- 
provingly by Goeller) makes rw Koiva depend on Trapaiveaei, tlio 
v^erbal being followed by the case of its verb, for the giving counsel 
to the state. I am inclined, although with some hesitation, to follow 
the explanation of ttie Schol. r&J kolvco = vnep rov koivov. Cf. Mt 



C5ap. XCm.] NOTES. 345 

§ 387. afia 8e Koi.. . .irvyxavov I take to he a continuation of the 

avowed sentiments of the Lacedaomonians, rrjs fievrot ^ovXrjcreccs being 
the resumption of the subject from enoiovvro rois 'A^irjvaioLs. The 

participle owes is to be constructed with irvyxavov. S. 225. 8. 

€v TM Tore, at that time. S. § 228. 1. avrols limits 7rpo(r(}n\els 

and refers to the Athenians. 



CHAPTEE XCIII. 

The Athenians thus surround their city with walls, the hasty construction of which was 
manifest even in the times of Thucydides (§§ 1, Y) ; at the advice of Themistocles, they 
fortify the Piraeus, on account of its fine situation for a naval station (§ 3) ; he also excites 
and directs their aim to be masters of the sea (§ 4), and to this end, the Piraeus was en- 
closed with a wall of great thickness, although its height was much less than Themis- 
tocles intended (§ 5) ; this was done with the view that it might be defended by a few 
persons, and the rest spared to man the fleet (§ 6) ; for the navy occupied his chief atten- 
tion, as being the most efficient means of defence against the Persian king, and he therefore 
judged the Piraeus to be of more utility than the upper city, and rather to be defended 
(§ 7) ; thus the city was rebuilt and fortified (§ 8). 

1. Poppo thinks that this and the following section should consti- 
tute a chapter by themselves, as with § 3 commences the account of 
the fortification, and the incipient steps of the Athenians to obtain tho 
naval ascendency. 

2. 8f]\r] — i(7Tiv. The impersonal is changed into the personal con- 
struction, and olKoSofiia is transferred from the substantive sentence 
into the principal one. The impersonal construction would have been. 
KoX drjXov €TL Kol vvv €(TTiv oTt 7] oiKobofiia Kara anovdfju iyevcro. Of. 

K. § 529. R. 4; Mt. § 297; "S. § 225. 7. ol— Se/xeXtoi (sc. \boi\ 

the foundation-stones, foundations. Of. Mt. § 95. navroioiv. 

There is some difference of opinion whether this refers to stones of all 
sorts., or .of all shapes and sizes. Perhaps, however, both ideas are in- 
cluded. In their haste, they laid stones of aU sorts and shapes pro- 
miscuously together. kol. ...{]., and in some places (see E". on I. 

65. § 2) not wrought and made to fit together. Some may prefer to 
take ov — eariv ^ in the sense, in no manner whatever (cf. K. § 331. 
R. 5). But it is hardly to be supposed that the thing spoken of was 
true of the whole foundation, and hence I think it better to take fi in 

^the sense of 'place., than of manner or way. cmo o-rjfiaTojv, from 

sepulchral monuments. In the northern wall, which was called the 
Pelasgian, and which was probably rebuilt about the same time with 



346 NOTES. [Book! 

the peribolus of tlie Asty, Leake says (Topog. of Athens, I. p. 312X 
" entu'e courses of masonry are formed of pieces of Doric columns, 
which were almost as large as those of the Pai'thenon, and there are 
other courses consisting of tlie composite blocks of Doric entablature 
of corresponding dimensions. The ruins of former buildings were 
much employed for this purpose, the devastations of the Persians 
having left an abundance of materials of this kind." yap intro- 
duces the reason why monumental and other wrought stones were 
worked into the wall, viz. because of its increased extension and the 

consequent deficiency of materials. iravra both common and 

sacred {kol koivo. kclI lepd. Schol.). ^ 

3. Tov Iletpatajy. Their former port was Phalerus, which Cor. 
Nep. (Yit. Themist. VI.; says, was neither a large nor a good one. 

vTTTJpKTo S' avTov, foT « beginning had lyeen made of it (= they 

Tiad begun it). "If an active or middle, which has no object, is 
changed to a passive, it becomes of course impersonal, and it may be- 
come so with an indirect object." Crosby, § 564. 3. vTrrjpKTo r/p^e 

is a parenthesis, explanatory of to. Xoma in the preceding context, and 

hence 8' = ydp, enl rrjs fKelvov (i. e. Themistocles) dpxns. This 

was A. 0. 493. Olymp. 74. 4. r]s, in which. S. § 196. 'AS?;- 

vaiovs is made by some to depend on ^p|e (cf Mt. § 360. «), but Pop- 
po more correctly makes 'ASt^i/oiois apxcLv simply written for "Apxovra 

'A^T^vaioLs etmi. avTocfivels^ natural opposed to that which is arti- 

Jicial. For the termination eiy instead of as, cf. Butt. § 53. N". 4. 
The three ports here spoken of, were named Cantharus, Aphrodisius, 

and Zea. koI. . . .bvvaniv. There are various ways in wJiich this 

passage is translated, of which I shall specify but two ; (1) their hav- 
ing become a naval people icould be a great hslp towards their acquir- 
ing power ; literally, by having become a naval people they., etc. This 
is Arnold's interpretation, to which he adds, " the adjective and parti- 
ciple form a more important part of the subject than the pronoun sub- 
stantive ; as in those Latin expressions, where the passive participle 
precedes the substantive with which it agrees, to show that it is the 
more important word of the two, as ' captum oppidum multum rebus 
nostris profait,' th^e tahing of the town was of much use.'''' The objec- 
tion to this is that it leaves out to x^pt^^v^ which is evidently to bo 
continued as the subject from the preceding clause, and thus makes 
what is compact and harmonious, disjointed and feeble. It is also 
unsafe to reason against the obvious construction of a sentence, by au- 
thorities drawn from the Latin mode of construction. (2) et illmro 
locum (to x^pJ°^ supplied from the preceding context) se nauticos fac- 
ias valde promoturum esse ad pot^ntiam consequendam (and that the 



Chap. XCIIL] NOTES. 347 

place would advance them to the attaining of power^ lotien they should 
lecome a nautical people). This is the interpretation of Osiand. (Ob- 
serv. in Thucyd. fasc. II. p. 9), which Poppo and Goeller adopt. In 
order to make to x<»ptoi' the subject of irpocjiepeiv, Poppo supposes a 
transposition of re in the former member, so that it should be to x^^' 
xiov KaXov T€ ehai. The only objection which I would make to this 
interpretation, which in its main features is correct, is noticed by 
Bloomfield. It supposes that the Athenians had not yet become a 
naval people, whereas the very opposite was the case. If then the 
participle be translated, inasmuch as they had iecome (see N. on I. 9. 
§ 4), this objection would be removed, and the true interpretation 
would I think be reached. The transposition of re is not harsh or 
unusual, and that 7rpo(j)epeiv (used without av for the future infinitive, 
cf. S. § 222. 4. b) may have the signification here given it, every good 
lexicon will show. 

4. For a long time I was inclined, by the use of yap in this section, 

to adopt Arnold's interpretation of the preceding sentence koI 8v- 

va[xiv. But much examination and reflection has satisfied me, that 
yap does not serve to confirm the idea that their naval supremacy 
would help to augment their power, but is rather to be taken with 

i'neiae 6 ee/ito-roKX^s-, as strengthening the idea intended to be 

conveyed, that Themistocles was the sole projector of the plan to 
make Athens a maritime power, yap may therefore be rendered 

indeed. dv^sKTea (from dj/re'^ca) eVrt. See N. on I. 72. § 1. It is 

followed by the genitive '^aXdo-arjs (S. § 192. 1). ev?ivs after the 

Persian war. Goeller interprets it : statim postquam archon fuit. It 
is probable that at this time, if ever, Themistocles made the proposal 
narrated by Plutarch (rb veapiov epTrprjo-ai tcov 'EXKr]vcov). 

5. cKcivov refers to Themistocles. onep vvv ert SjJXoV iaru 

The waUs were destroyed by the Lacedaemonians, at the close of the 
Peloponnesian war, yet enough of the foundations were left to enable 
some judgment to be formed of their thickness. Arnold argues from 
Xen. Hellen. II. 4. § 11, that the destruction could only have been 

partial, affecting chiefly the fortifications on the side of the sea. 

bvo yap. . . .eirrjyop^ i. e. the wall was so broad, that two heavy wagons 
or wains could meet and pass one another, as they were conveying 

stones for its construction. x^^'^ii small stone gravely with which 

the ancients filled up the interior of very thick walls, and which was 
made adhesive and solid by clay (7r77Xoy). This whole passage is illus- 
trated by the following extract from Leake's Topog. of Athens, 1. p. 
411. " On the side of Munychia, towards the open sea, the remains 
are best preserved. Here three or four courses of masonry, both of 



348 NOTES. [BooKl 

walls and square towers, are in many places to be seen ; and there are 
some situations, where we still find the wall built in the manner de- 
scribed by Thucydides ; that is to say, not filled up in the middle with 
a mixture of broken stones and mortar in the usual manner of the 
Greeks, but constructed throughout the whole thickness, of large 
stones, either quadrangular or irregularly-sided, but fitted together 
without cement, and the exterior stones cramped together with metal. 
This we may suppose to have belonged to the original work of The- 
mistocles, which has thus survived the lapse of twenty-three centu- 
ries." This helps to decide the meaning of iv rofif} eyycowoi, cut 
square; literally, made square in cutting ; '•''cut into an angular form^ 
made angular in cutting^ Arnold, iv to/jlt} is interpreted by Goel. 
'"'•locis quibus incisi su7it^''^ which Poppo (Suppl. Adnot. p. 136) seems 

to cite approvingly. ^waKobofirjfxevoi^ duilt up close, i. e. having 

no interstices between them to be filled up with gravel and clay. 

^(rav is to be supplied from the preceding rjv. npos dXkrjXovs 

follows 8e8e^€Voi. ra e^coSev, on the outside. TJfxia-v — ov die- 

voelroj (only) the half of that which he intended (ov = ckcivov ov). 

6. /xeycSet here signifies height. iin^ovkds, hostile pluns^ 

" vel a consilio portum oppugnandi." Haack. The reading iinftoXds^ 
hostile attacJos, is adopted by Bloomf. and Didot. See N. on III. 45. 

§ 5. KOI T&v dxpeioTciTcov, and that too the most useless, i. e. those 

who were disabled so as not to perform active service, or were ex- 
cused on account of their age. dpKeacLv to defend the place. 

The subject is ttjv cjivXaKrjv. 

7. irpoareKeiTo, devoted his attention to, ^ I8<bv — t^obov — ovaav, 

'because he saw (see N. on I. 9. § 4) that an invasion was more easy 
{evnopcoTcpav). €(j)o8ov is limited by o-Tparids, and rrjs (sc. €(p6dov) 
follows the comparative. In this appears the sagacity of Themisto- 
cles, for no Persian king, with the lesson of Thermopylae before him, 

would ever think of attacking Greece by a land expedition. riis 

av(o TToXf coy, the upper city. " De sola acropoli noli cogitare." Poppo. 

es avTov, i. e. into the Piraeus. vava-X is tlie dative of means. 

ovu ovrcoy, so then, i. e. in accordance with the advice of Themis- 

tocles. ToKka Karea-KevdCoPTo, restored the other edifices. The 

theme of KarauKcvd^at is KaTaa-Kevf], which has among other significa- 
tions that of a building, edifice, and hence it meets the demands of tlie 
context, which evidently refers it to the private and public edifices, 
temples, etc., some of which were wholly destroyed, and others more 
or less iujured. aXKa in raXXa is employed to distinguish these edi- 
Sces from the walls and fortifications implied in cVfix''^'^'?^^''* 



Chap. XOV.] NOTES. 349 



CHAPTEK XCIV. 

Pausanias, accompanied by the Athenians and other allied forces, is sent out from Lacedae- 
mon (§ 1) ; he reduces the greater part of Cyprus, and takes Byzantium (§ 2). 

1. Ilava-avias de. There is a resumption here of the historical 
summary commenced at I. 87. § 3, and interrupted by the somewhat 
extended account of the fortification of Athens. The events here 
spoken of took place, the year subsequent to the battles of Plata^a and 
Mycale, and the same year in which the walls of Athens and the 

Piraeus were built. e'Uoo-i. Gottl. cites Diodorus as giving the 

number at fifty, which diversity Bloomfield would remove by reading 
drj (scilicet) for de. 

2. KvTTpov, Cyprus^ was a large island in the Mediterranean, S. of 
Cilicia, and W. of Syria, not far from the coast. The luxurious and 

effeminate character of its inhabitants is well known. alrris to. 

TToXXa, tTie greater part of it. Mr]ba>v ixovTav^ the Medes possessing 

it = it deing in the possession of the Medes. iv r^de rfi fjyeixovia 

is considered by Steph., Haack, and Goel., as belonging to the follow- 
ing chapter, 5e after Tjdt] being omitted. But may not its use, in the 
present connexion, have been to show that Byzantium was taken 
in the time of Pausanias's command, although near its close ? So 
Arnold thinks, and with good reason. It was not until the capture of 
that place, and the release of the Persian captives taken in it, that the 
proposal to betray Greece was made by Pausanias. This proposal 
being favorably received, and an answer from the king at Susa having 
been returned, Pausanias became arrogant to such a degree, as to 
excite the ill-will of the Asiatic Greeks, and cause them to put them- 
selves under the protection of Athens. 



CHAPTER XCV. 

The insolence of Pausanias having become intolerable, the Asiatic Greeks request the 
Athenians to become their leaders, which request is complied with (§§ 1, 2) ; the Lacedffi- 
monians, in the meantime, had recalled Pausanias to answer to the charges of a tyrannical 
and arbitrary command preferred against him (§ 3) ; und at this time the allies through 
hatred of him passed over to the Athenians (§ 4) ; Pausanias on his return home is found 
guilty of the private charges, but is acquitted of the most serious of the public accusations 
(§ 5) ; Dorcis is sent out in his place, to whom the allies refuse obedience (§ 6) ; upon 
which lie and the leaders associated with him withdraw, and the Laceda;monians, fearing 
that their generals will be corrupted, and thinking that the Athenians are better adapted 
to carry on the war than themselves, send out no more commanders into Asia (§ 7). 

1. jSiai'ou, tyrannical in the exercise of his command. cXXot 

thi.a the Peloponnesians, especially the Lacedaemonians. oi/x 



350 Is'OTES. [BookI 

TJKiarTa^ most especially. vewa-Ti^ lately. Reference is had in this 

place to the Greeks, who had been liberated from the Persian yoke by 

the battles of Plataea and Mycale. Kara t6 ^yyyei/ey, iy virtue of 

the relationship between them. These words are to be constructed 
with Tj^lovv (= thought it Jit^ becoming). The lonians, having been 
driven out of Peloponnesus by the Achaians (who had been dispos- 
sessed of Argolis and Laconia by the Dorians and the Heraclidse), 
came to Athens and there for a time resided, not as citizens, or those 
who could possess land, but enjoying the protection of the laws, and 
supporting themselves by mechanical arts. After a while, under the 
X^rotection of Athens, they migrated to Asia Minor, from which state a 
number of citizens was sent as leaders (jjyefioves) of the colony. These 
carried with them the sacred fire for the new settlement, taken from 
the prytaneum of Athens, and thus were entitled to the appellation 
of fjLT]Tp67r6\Ls (mother-city) to the lonians. See Arnold's note on this 
passage. firj . . . . ^id^Tjrai {= fiT) fniTpeTreiv j3iaffcr3at). The sub- 
junctive is employed, because the condition is assumed as something 
probable but not certain. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 854. 1 ; S. § 215. 1. 

2. ol Se 'A^jrjvaioi ibi^avro K. r. X. If Plutarch is to be believed, the 
Athenians did not grant their request, untU after the alhes had offended 

Pausanias by their movements. Trpoaelxov rrjv yvajixrjv^ directed 

their attention = attended to their request. avTols (i. e. rois \6yois) 
may be mentally supplied after these words. ©s (= with the pur- 
pose) ov nepioyp'oiiepoi. See Notes on wy, I. 73. § 4, and on nepiopav^ 

I. 24. § G. TaXXa. Their affairs had now reached so important 

and delicate a crisis, that many other things, besides a redress of the 
immediate wrongs complained of, w^re to be attended to, and hence I 
am inclined to refer avrols in this clause to both the Athenians and 
the Asiatic allies, rather than to either party taken separately. A 
union, like the one here proposed, was to be effected with great pru- 
dence and precaution, in order not to draw upon the parties the en- 
mity of the Lacedaemonians and the rest of the Peloponnesians, whose 
acquiescence in such an accession of strength to the Athenians, could 
hardly at that time have been hoped for. Hence it was important to 
look at the subject in all its aspects, and to establish matters on a 

'good basis in reference to the alliance about to be formed. 

3. dvaKptvoZvres^ in order to examine into. S. § 225. 5. av nepi 

= iKeiva rrepl wv. See N. on I. 75. § 5 (end). ddiKia. . . .avrov, 

much injustice was charged upon him z=z lie was accused of much injus- 
Mce. In the active voice dbiKia would have been the accusative, after 

the formula KarayopeTi/ ri nvos. Cf S. § 194. 4; Mt. §378. p. COS. 
— - Toiv d(^iKvovp.iv(i>v into Lacedaimon. rvpaupidos — fiiprja-i^y an 



Chap. XCV.] NOTES. 351 

imitation of tyranny, ^ o-rpaTrjyia, rather than a military com- 

mand (cf. I. 94. § 1, where Pausanias is called a arpaT-qyoi). Ilaack 
and Poppo read t) a-Tpar-qyia^ and make it the subject of the verb. 
Ilaack gives as a reason, " quia aloqui subjectum huic loco aptum de- 
sideratur." But the subject can readily be supplied from the context. 

4. /caXeicrSat . . . »/Li6raTa^aa-3ai, at the same time in which he wad 
recalled^ the allies through enmity of him (objective genitive) \cent 
over to the Athenians. Notice how a/ixa unites these propositions in 
respect to time. 

5. rajv. . . .et^Suj/S?;, he was found guilty of the injuries privately 
committed against individuals (npos rim.) For the construction, cf. 

S. § 194. 4. ev^vu^T] — dnoXveTai. This interchange of the aorist 

and the historic present, imparts beauty and force to the passage, by 
keeping before us the continued action of the verb of acquittal, and 
suffering the momentary one designating the conviction of Pausanias's 
guilt to pass rapidly by in the aorist. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 401. 5 ; Mt. 

§ 504, 1. ra de peytara^ in respect to the greatest charges (Mt. 

§ 421, Ods. 2), is to be referred to Mrjdia-pos^ Medism. See N. on I. 

135. § 1. pr] abLKelv. See N. on I. 10. § 1. iboKci (Tacpea-raTOP 

elvai (sc. TO TTpdypa)^ and the matter seemed to de most manifest {to 
the other Greeks), i. e. public opinion pronounced him guilty of this 
charge. Had his treason been as manifest to the Lacedaemonians as ' 
to others, there is no reason to believe that he would have escaped 
immediate punishment, since no leniency was shown him, when sub- 
sequently convicted of the same crime. 

6. eKelvov. . . .apxovra shows that the term of his command had 
not expired, when he was recalled by the Laceda3monians. lie re- 
turned afterwards of his own accord to the Hellespont, but not by 

public authority. Cf. I. 128. § 2. A6p<Lv be koI aXXovs. These 

persons appear to have constituted a board, the members of which 
were jointly intrusted with the command. See N". on III. 100. § 2. 
It was not wonderful that the allies refused obedience to them, since 
no authority can be more inefficient or liable to abuse than that which 
13 jointly shared by many. 

7. oi 5e, i. e. Dorcis and his colleagues. dTrrjX^ov into Laceda)- 

mon. — — aXXovs. . . .AaKcbaipovLoi. Miiller (Dorians, I. p. 204) thinks 
tliat the motive of the Lacedaemonians, in determining to send no 
more commanders into Asia, lay deeper than the defection of the loni- 
ans from Pausanias, or their refusal to obey Dorcis and his associates ; 
for without the Greeks of Asia Minor, they could, by the assistance 
of the naval powers of Peloponnesus, viz. Corinth, iEgina, etc., have 
■continued a war, wliich promised more of gain and plunder than of 



852 NOTES. [BookL 

trouble or danger. They probably deemed it inexpedient to aim at the 
mastery of the sea, or run the hazard of marring and breaking up the 
Spartan institutions by foreign expeditions and foreign conquests. Nor 
was it true, tliat the supremacy over the Greeks passed whc»lly into 
the hands of the Athenians, since Sparta still continued to hold the 
pre-eminence in Peloponnesus ; and most of the states of the mother 
country joined themselves to her, while none but the Asiatic Greeks 
and those who inhabited the islands, put themselves under the com- 
mand of Athens. o-^i'o-ti/ is the dat. incommodi after -^clpovs 

ylyvuiVTai. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. (§ 602. 2). x^'-P^^^i ^(^^^V affected 

{false and unfaithful. Bloomf.), as we say spoiled^ i. e. rendered unfit 
for public service. The comparative is here used for the positive. 

K. § 323. R. 7 ; Mt. §. 457. p. 576. airaWa^dovrei 8e xai, iut also 

through a desire to get rid of. S. § 143 (-o-eto)). Trokefxov. S. 

§ 197. 2. vofj-iCovres Uavovs e^rjye'ia^at. The Athenians boasted 

(I. 76. § 2) that by the Lacedaemonians themselves, they were deemed 

worthy of the command intrusted to them. acpio-iv limits eVtrj?- 

delovs (= (f)i\ovs). 



CHAPTER XCYI. 

The Athenians having thus attained the command, proceed to determine what states shall 
furnish ships, and what states money for the prosecution of the war against the Barbari- 
ans (§ 1) ; they appoint hellenotamiae to receive the tribute which is first deposited at 
Delos (§ 2). 

1. 7rapaKa(B6vT€s 5e ol 'A'iTjvaLoi. This took place A. 0. 457. Olymp. 

75. 4. Arnold calls it the beginning of the Athenian empire. 8ia 

TO Uavo-aviov [xl(tos. It is probable that admiration of the character 
of Aristides, had some influence also in inducing the allies to take this 

step. as xPW^"^^-) '^^^^^^ ^f i^^ states should furnish money. 

Trpoy, against. as vavs. The ellipsis can easily be supplied 

from as, .. .xpr]fiaTa. ^v. The subject is duvvacrJiai and the pre- 
dicate is 7rp6xr}fxa^ pretence.^ show. Z>v = (kclvcov a, of which the 

antecedent is put in the genitive after dfivvaa'^ai^ to denote that on 
account of which the feeling of revenge arose. K. § 274. 2 ; S. § 194. 

1. dr]ovvTas<, dy laying waste (see N. on I. 9. § 1), agrees with 

avTovs^ the omitted subject of a/xvmo-Sai. Some erroneously regard it 
as an accusative absolute. 

2. ^EWrjvoTafitai, receivers of taxes, treasurers appointed to receive 
the moneys collected from the allied states, and to take charge f)f them 



Chai'. xcvil] notes. 353 

when deposited in the treasury at Delos, and afterwards at Athens, 
Boeckh concludes from certain inscriptions, that their number was 
ten, and that, like the treasurers of the gods, they were chosen by lot, 
out of the pentacosiomedimni (i. e. the first class of citizens, who 
possessed land producing 500 medimni yearly), and that they did not 
enter upon their office at the beginning of the year, but after the Pan- 
athensea (i. e. the festival in honor of Minerva), and the first prytanea, 
i. e. periods of thirty-five or thirty-six days, in which the prytanes 
(n-pvTaveis) of each (pvXrj in turn presided in the ^ovXrj and eKKkfjaia 
Cf. Boeckh's Pub. Econ. Athens, pp. 176-180 ; Smith's Diet. Gr. and 
Eom. Antiq. p. 469. 'EXXiyi'ora/itat is in apposition with dpKrj ; lite- 
rally, and Tiellenotamice, the office (= the office of hellenotamim) was 
then first established. Cf. S. § 156. N". 2. oX idexovro, who re- 
ceived. These officers did not collect the tribute. After the funds 
were removed from Delos, they acted only as treasurers, the apodectoo 

(receivers) being a distinct office, Cf. Boeckh, 1. c. (^opoi/. On 

account of the odium which became attached to this word, it was 

exchanged for o-vvra^is. raXavra is in apposition with (j)6pos. 

ArjXoa was the place chosen for the treasury, because the temple of 
Delos was greatly venerated, not only by the Greeks, but also by the 

Barbarians, and the treasures would therefore be unmolested. at 

^vvo8oi^ " the returns, contributions.^'' Pickering. I prefer with Poppo 
and Bloomf. (in his latest edition) to affix to it the signification, the 
common councils of the allies. The presence of the article is no objec- 
tion to this rendering, since the councils are referred to as a well 
known fact (S. § 167), and no place would be more likely to be 
selected for holding these councils, than one so secure as Delos, where 
also their treasures were deposited. Cf. Boeckh's Pub. Econ. Athens, 
p. 397. 



CHAPTER XCYII. 

Here commences the second division of the summaty of Grecian history contained In chaps. 
S9-11S (see general remarks, p. 838). In this chapter Thucydides, after remarking that 
the Athenians increased their dominion thus acquired, by carrying on war and by politi- 
cal management (§ 1), states the reasons why he digresses from the main history, viz. the 
imperfection in which the history of the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian 
wars had been left by his predecessors, and the immediate bearing which the increase of 
Athenian power had on tho declaration of war by the Lacedaemonians (§ 2). 

1. avrovoficov. See N. on I. 67. § 2. to irpwrov. In process of 

time, as the defection of the allies or political considerations gave oc- 



354 NOTES. [^BooK I 

casion, the Athenians became more arbitrary, and exercised authority 
over the alhes as over vassal states. dno koivcov ^wo^cov in com- 
mon assemblies, dno here denotes the mediate instrument. See N. 

on I. 81. § 4. Toa-dde refers to the rising power of the Athenians, 

which is about to be the subject of the narration. diaxfiplaei 

Trpayndroiv^ dy the administration of things. d refers to irpaypdroiv 

and not to rocrdbe as some imagine. It also embraces as a prominent 
idea the notion of war, from n6\ep.<o which precedes biax^ipla-ei irpay- 

ixdrav, and hence npbs which follows signifies against. avTo7s 

depends on eyevero and refers to the Athenians. yecorept^oj/ray, 

attempting changes (in government), meditating a revolt. dci^ at 

the time. eKaa-ra. The Scholiasts supply TroXe/xo), x'^P'V? ^^ XP^^V- 

Ilaack would understand veaTepiarnS elicited from vecoTcpi^ovras. I 
prefer with Poppo to supply from a iyivero the words 6 f-yeVero, in 
each (war or transaction) which tooh place. 

2. eypa-v/Ao, / have written. The aoVist is here used for the perfect. 

S. § 211. N. 14. avTo. refers to the events detailed in the digression 

here spoken of. ttjv eK^oXrjv rov Xdyov, digression from the subject. 

' Tobe refers forward to on toIs irpb ip.ov k. t. X. — — eKXtnes tovto 

rjv TO x<Bpioi/, this passage (in history) has 'been overlooTced. So we often 
use place in the sense of passage^ when we say, ' in such a place the 

author remarks, etc' tovtcov does not refer to the historians, but 

is a neuter depending on. TJyJAaTo (S. § 192. 1), or upon enefivrja-^r) to 

which it also belongs (S. 1. c). koI is employed because oo-Tvep koI 

is almost equivalent to d kui^ even though^ although. eV rfj ^Attiktj 

$vyy pa(Pfj. Reference is had to the 'ArSts or history of Attica, which 
Hellanicus composed in four books at least. This writer (EXKdviKos) 
was born in Mytilene in the island of Lesbos, and was one of the most 
eminent of the Greek logographers (see N. on I. 21. § 1). Respecting 
the date of his birth, among the diverse statements, that of Pamphila 
is now most generally adopted, -Cvhich makes him a contemporary of 
Herodotus, and to have been sixty-five years old at the beginning of 
the Peloponnesian war (a. o. 431). If he died, as Lucian (Macrob. 
22) states, at the age of eighty-five, his birth would then have been 
about A. o. 496, and his death a. o. 411. He was a very prolific 
writer, but all his productions are lost except some fragments. Cf. 

Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Mythol. and Biog. II. p. 409. to7s 

Xpduois^ i.e. Kara tovs xP'^^^''^^' ''V^ dpx^S' • - •'(CLTea-Trj. For tlie 

attraction of dpxrjs from the subordinate clause (where it would have 
been the subject of KariaTrj) into the principal one, see N. on I. 61. § 1. 
' €x<£i.. Supply Tavra from Tourcoj/, or from aura at the begim\ing 



Chap. XCVni] Is^OTES. 355 

of the sectioD, since this sentence contains a second reason for the di- 
gression, and is to be disjoined from the immediately preceding con- 
text (i. e. TovTidv. . ..inefivrja'^T]), which is parenthetical. 



CHAPTER XCYIII. 

In this digressive statement of the rise and progress of the Athenian power, the tistorian 
begins by relating how under Cimon the son of Miltiades, they took Eion (§ 1), and Scyras 
(§ 2), and then compelled the Carystians to yield on conditions (§ 3) ; after which the 
Naxians, who had revolted, were reduced by a siege and forced to submit (§ 4). 

1. 'Hio'm TTju enl ^rpvixovi is SO called to distinguish it from Eion 
in Pieria, and another in Thrace (cf. IV. 7. § 1). It was situated at 
the mouth of the Strymon, nearly S. of Amphipolis, and is celebrated 
for the desperate defence made by the Persian governt)r Boges, who, 
when he found that he could no longer hold out against Cimon, killed 
his wife, children, and family, and then set fire to the place and per- 
ished in the flames. Dahl. fixes the chronology of this event at a. o. 
476. Cf. Class. Mus. I, p. 188. elXov refers to the Athenians. 

2. erreiTa is put for eTvetra de after npSirov fxeu^ the omission tak- 
ing place, because eneiTa makes the contrast sufficiently manifest. Cf. 

K. § 322. K. 4. 2Kvpov^ Scyrus (now Scyro)^ an island in the 

^gean sea, IST. E. of Euboea. The Schol. calls it one of the Cyclades. 
aKicrav avroi, they themselves colonized it^ i. e. they sent out col- 
onists who settled it. 

3. Kapva-TLovs, the Carystians. Carystus was a city of Euboea, on 

the south-eastern extremity of the island, and "W. of Gersestus. 

avTols refers to the Athenians. ciuev toou aWav 'Ev^oeav, i. e. no 

other cities of Euboea were subject to hostilities, the Carystians alone 

refusing to become tributary to the Athenians. ^vuejSrjaau icaS* 

ofxoXoyiaVj came to terms of surrender^ evidently refers to the Carys 
tians. 

4. eiTo\ip.r](Tav refers to the Athenians. Trapea-Trja-avro, reduced 

them z=zforced them to submit. This took place, a. o. 466. Olymp. 
78. 3, or about ten years after the reduction of Eion. It will be seen 
by this, how brief is the summary of events which Thucydides is here 
giving. It was while Naxos was besieged, that Themistocles fled to 

Persia in the way spoken of in I. 137. § 2. vrpwrT; re avTX] rrokis 

— idovXoi'^T] = avTi] re iyivero TrponTr] ttoXi?, rj cSovXcoSj; (was reduced 
to slavery = deprived of freedom). irapa to Ka^ea-rrjKos^ contrary 



356 NOTES. [Book L 

to what was established by the terms of the confederation. The 

Schol. defines this by irapa t6 vofiiiiov koI Trpenov, for the Greeks were 
then free. as iKaa-rrj Iuj/c/St;, so. ihovkoi'^rj. Schol. Stepli. ex- 
plains its construction as tliough written: ?7reira Se kol tu)u aXXoiP 
eKaa-TT]^ tos avrfj ^vue^ij. A learned critic in Seebod. Bibl. Grit. a. 
1828, no. 3. p. 18 (cited by Poppo, Adnot. ad Schol.), would omit 
^vve^r] and take iKaarr) in the nominative. Of course eSovXwS?; would 
liave to be supplied from the preceding context. 



CHAPTER XCIX. 

it the causes of the revolt of the allies, the principal one was their failure to pay the stip- 
ulated tribute, furnish ships, and perform military service, which things bore heavily 
upon them, and which the Athenians rigorously exacted (§ 1) ; the government of tho 
Athenians was also no longer popular, and no expeditions were made on terms of equali- 
ty (§ 2) ; which state of things had been brought upon the allies in part by their own 
fault, inasmuch as to avoid engaging in military expeditions they had compounded their 
personal service by payment in money, which both increased the ability of the Athenians 
to enlarge their naval power, and rendered the allies unable to oflfer effectual resist- 
ance whenever they dared to revolt (§ 3). 

1. ama . . . . e/cSetat, 710W the cause of the revolt among others was 
especially their being in arrears ; literally, now there were other catises 
of the revolts^ and the greatest was their being in arrears (e/cSeiat). 

XetTTooTpdrioi', failure in military service^ i. e. neglect to send 

their contingents. uKpij^cos enpaaa-av^ dealt rigorously^ i. e. exact- 
ed the full amount of tribute and service. ovk .... dvayKas^ because 

(see N. on I. 9. § 4) they imposed necessities upon those^ who were nei- 
ther accustomed nor willing to do hard worTc, TaKamaypfiv refers to 
military service, and the labor necessary to provide the quota of ships 
and the stipulated tribute. In respect to the indolence and effeminacy 
of the Asiatic Greeks, cf. Herod. YI. 12. ras avayKas is a term denot- 
ing, as Arnold remarks, torture lised to extort confession^ and hence is 
very forcible in this place. 

2. Se TTcoy Ka\ aXKcos, in some other respects also. oho'kos as 

when the confederacy was first formed. eV Tjbovrj is to be con- 
structed with ^a-av^ were no longer {ovKen) popular in their command 
(apXovT€s\ i. e. their government was no longer acceptable to the 
allies. Kriig. (ad Dionys. p. 117) says that ^aav — apxovres is a cir- 
cumlocution for the imperfect, were goveiming. But it is better to 
translate the participle as a verbal noun denoting manner. See N. 



Chap. C] NOTES. 357 

on I. 87. § 5. OTTO Tov lo-ou, on equal terms; "on a footing of 

equality." Bloomf. This is explained by Jacobs, 'laa vofxcp koI 'ia-rj 

bwdfiei. re responds to ovVe, and is therefore' not nnsui table, as 

Bloomf. supposes. Trpoo-ayeaSat, to hring under^ to reduce to oiedi- 

ence. 

3. aTTOKvrjo-iv — Ttov crrpaTeiav^ reluctance to engage in military expe 

dltions. The genitive is here objective. S. § 188. N. 1. ott' oXkov^ 

away from home. dpTi, in lieu of. ira^avro — cfiepeiv, agreed 

to pay ; literally, toolc upon themselves the payment. Cf. III. 50. § 2. 

TO iKPovfxevop dvaXcofia (in apposition with XPW^"^^-) u^hatever 

the expenses might come to = the proportionate expense (i. e. as it 
might be rated to each state). By this commutation of ships and men 
for money, the allies became devoted to trade, agriculture, and the 
peaceful pursuits of life, and were proportionably unfitted for war. 
The Athenians, on the other hand, employing the money thus furnish- 
ed in fitting out their navy and in providing warlike munitions, in- 
creased their power, and soon became so formidable as to awe the 
allies into any measure which they pleased to propose. This plan of 
allowing the allies to furnish money in lieu of men and ships, is as- 
cribed by Plutarch to Cimon. r^v — ^vfKpepoLev. The optative hero 

denotes indefinite frequency. See N. on I. 49. § 3. iKelvoi and 

avToX both refer to the allies. 



CHAPTER C. 

The Athenians under Cimon gain a great victory over the Persian land and sea-forces at the 
Eiirymedon (§ 1) ; the Thasians having revolted are defeated in a sea-fight, and the Athe- 
nians effect a landing on their island (§ 2) ; a colony being sent out to the Strymon to 
settle in a place called the Nine-ways, are all cut off at Drabescus by the Thracians (§ 3). 

1. p.iTa ravra^ after these events (viz. those related in I. 98). The 
victory at the Eurymedon was probably achieved the same year that 
Naxos was reduced, i. e. a. o. 466. Olymp. 78. 3. See N". on I. 98. § 4. 

eV EvpviiedovTi noTapS. Beaufort (Caramania, pp. 135-137) 

says that this river, inside of the curved bar which extends across its 
mouth, is four hundred and twenty feet wide, and from twelve to 
fifteen feet deep. The bar is so shallow as . to be impassable to boats 
drawing more than one foot of water. Of course, as Arnold remarks, 
the river nmst have undergone great changes, a bar being now formed 

where the vessels of the ancients proceeded without difiiculty. 

rre^opaxia Kal vavpa-xjia. The sea-fight first took place, after which 



358 NOTES. [Book I 

Cimon disembarking his men proceeded against tlie land-forces, and 

thus gained t>YO victories in one day. rag Trdaas is ras diaKoalas, 

in all to the nuniber of {is) two hundred. The second ras is omitted 
by Goeller and Haack, and bracketed by Poppo. Cf. Mt. § 268. 

2. xpo'j^fi) Se va-Tcpov. This defection of the Thasians took place 

the next year, i. e. a. c. 465. Olymp. 78. 4. avrtiiv (S. § 197. 2) 

refers to the Athenians. iixnopicov. See 'N. on I. 13. § 5. tov 

fieraXKov' in Thrace. Reference is probably had to the gold mine in 
Scapte-Hyle, where Thucydides had an interest and resided during his 

banishment. a refers to both ifXTropicov and /leroXXou. eVe- 

fiovTo refers to the Thasians. vavp.axia iKparrja-av. Plutarcli 

(Cimon, qji. 14:) says that thirty-three of the Thasian ships were taken. 

3. nep-ylraures — a>s oiKiovvres — avToi iKparqcrav — TrpoiKtovrcs. Haack 
finds a difficulty in this passage, inasmuch as avroX cannot refer to 
TTep-^avres QK^r,va1oi)^ but to the ten thousand colonists which had 
been sent out. He therefore thinks that nep-'^dpTcov is demanded by 
the construction. There is no necessity, however, inasmuch as Mat- 
thias (§562. ]sr,)has shown that the participle is put in the nominative, 
when its subject is contained in part in the principal subject, or this 
latter in the other. Here avroi is the principal subject, and consti- 
tutes a part of the whole contained in the subject of TTf/i^aj/rey (i. e. 
ol 'A^T]vaioi). See K on I. 49. § 4. Cf. also Xen. Anab. I. 8. § 27. 

VTTO Toi)s avTovs xP°^^^^t ^^out the same time. as olKiovvres^ 

in order to colonize. For the form of the future, cf. S. § 109. I^T. 2. 

*Evvia 68ovs, Nine-ways^ so called, probably, because there were 

nine roads leading to it. 'HdavoL The Edoni were a people of 

Thrace occupying the left bank of the Strymon. TrpoeXSoWes — 

pLca-oyeiav. Mitford conjectures that this was done, in order, by one 
bold and vigorous movement, to put an end to the hostilities with 
which they Jiad long been harassed by the Edoni ; but advancing incau- 
tiously into the heart of the country, and drawn perhaps into ambush 
by the art of the retreating enemy, they were attacked to disadvan- 
tage and cut off. iv Apa^rjcrKco. " With the names of places, iv ia 

nsed when proximity only is implied." Mt. § 577. 2. ^vfiTravrcov, 

i. e. with all their forces united. Poppo would read ^vfnravres, on the 
ground that all the Thracians, so separated and so at enmity among 
themselves, could hardly be expected to have united to make war 
upon the colony. But it was very natural, that all the Thracians of 
those parts should look with an unfavorable eye upon a colony plants 
ed in so advantageous a place as Amphipolis, and which once before, 
when attempted by Aristagoras of Miletus, had been defeated by the 
natives. Compare Arnold's note on this passage. 



CJhap CLl NOTES. 359 



CHAPTER CI. 

• 

The Thasians iu their extremity call upon the Lacediemonians to assist them by invadmg 
Attica (§ 1) ; this they secretly promise to do, but are hindered by an earthquake, which 
furnishes occasion for the Helots to revolt (§ 2) ; the Thasiana therefore in the third year 
of the siege capitulate on conditions (§ 3). 

1. fidxais. As only one battle has been spoken of (I. 101. § 2), 
Pbppo and Goeller after several MSS. are disposed to read naxn- But 
it is highly probable that several inconsiderable battles had been 
fought, which Thucydides for the sake of brevity has omitted. 
Bloomf. thinks that there vp'as a land engagement, after the Athenians 

disembarked to besiege the city. TroXiopKovfxevoi. The name of 

the capital thus besieged was the same as that of the island. 

ecr^aXouTas denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. § 1. 

2. Kpv^a Tfov 'A3;;i/ata)j/, unbeknown to the Athenians. S. § 187. 4. 
e/ieXXoi', SC. €7Tafivvat or icr^aXelv. rov yevoyavov (xeicrfiovj 



the earthquake. The article is added, because the areiaubs was so 
great and destructive, as to be well known to all those living in the 
time of Thucydides (S. § 167). It was said that there were only five 
houses in Laceda^mon which were not thrown down, and that twenty 
thousand human beings perished. "But this is doubtless an exaggera- 
tion. eV (M, in which time^ on which. avrois = adnominal 

genitive. ncpio'iKav. "When the Dorians invaded Laconia, a part 

of the original inhabitants fled, while others placed themselves under 
the conquerors in a relation very similar, as Arnold observes, to that 
which the Saxons sustained to the Normans in the reign of "William 
the Conqueror. But being defeated in an attempt to regain their free- 
dom, they were deprived of many of the rights first granted to them, 
and reduced to the condition of subjects. In this abject state they 
continued, until at their request Augustus Ca)sar restored them to the 
full enjoyment of their civil rights. The word nepioiKoi is a term 
given to those old AchseaQ inhabitants of the soil, who dwelt in towns 
about Sparta, of which in round numbers there were said to be one 

Imndred. Cf. Hiiller's Dorians, II. p. 17, et seq. QovpLarai, the 

Thurians near Calamaa. The towns of Thuria and ^Ethea (AtSeety, 
JEtheans) were situated inland, in what had formerly been Messenia. 
Col. Leake (Travels in Morea, I. p. 471) conjectures that these people 
occupied the valleys, watered by the branches of the Bias to the south- 
westward of the modern Andrussa, which may possibly stand on th« 



360 NOTES. [BookL 

site of -^thrum, this district being about the same distance from 

Itliome as Thuria is in the opposite direction. nXe^aroi Se rcov 

EiKdtiTcov K. r. X. After the Messenians had been reduced to servitude, 
forming as they did a considerable portion of the Helots, they gave 
their name to these bondmen, so that they were all called at times 

Messenians. rore SovXcoSe'j/rcoi', at that time ieing subjugated. 

Tore refers emphatically to the well-known time, when the thing 
spoken of took place. Steph. and Miiller conjecture nore as the true 
reading, but this is rejected by the best of the recent editors. Didot 
would construct : rap rore SouXcoSej/rcoj/ EiKaTcov. But such a trans- 
position is wholly unauthorized and unnecessary. 

3. iv 'I3a)/X7^. Of. is 'T^cufiTjv dneo-TTjaav^ § 2 supra. Qdcnoi Be. 

The story is here resumed from § 1, the intermediate passage being 
parenthetically introduced, to show why the Lacedaemonians could 
furnish the Thasians no aid. — ^ — relxds re /caSeXdj/rey k. t. X. are the 
conditions on which the Thasians were obliged to surrender. The 

capitulation took place a. o. 463. Olymp. 79. 2. xRW*^"^"^ to- 

^dfxfvoL = xpT]fiaTd re uTTobovvaL avTiKa ra^d^cvoL {agreeing to pay im- 
mediately) . ocra eSei dnobovvai. The Schol. explains oaa ebci as em- 
bracing the expenses incurred in the war. This is not probable, inas- 
much as the money was paid immediately, which could hardly have 
been done, if any thing besides the arrears had been demanded. 



CHAPTER CII. 

Tlie siege of Itliome being protracted, the LacediEmonians call to their aid their allies anfl 
the Athenians (§ 1), the latter, on account of their skill in attacking fortiQed places (§ 2) ; 
but becoming jealous of them the LacediEmonians dismiss them (§ 3), at which the 
Athenians are greatly irritated and enter into an alliance with the Argives, who are at 
enmity with the Lacedajmonians (§ 4). 

1. The events in this chapter took place a. o. 461. Olymp. 79. 4. 
fiXXovs — ^v^fxdxovs^ i. e. the jEginetse, Plataenses, Mantinenses, etc. 

ol b\ i. e. the Athenians. TrXrj^et ovk oXiya are datives of 

accompaniment. S. § 206. 5 ; K. § 283. 2. b. 

2. recx^^axelv — Sumroi, skilled in conducting sieves. S. § 222. 6. 
 Toh Se\ . . .e^atVero, of this they seemed to stand in need on ac- 
count of the long continuance of the siege, roly Se is edited r?}? bk 
by Haack and Poppo, on the ground that TrokiopKias needs the article. 
But is not roTs Se necessary to denote a change of the subject, which 



Chjlp. CIL] NOTES. 361 

in the preceding clause was the Athenians ? tovtov i. e. tov ret- 

XOfiax^lv. Supply rrpdyixara with ev8ea. /3ta. . . .;;^a)pioi/, Jbr 

(otherwise) they could have talcen the place ly force. Haack most 
strangely refers fVkov to the Athenians, and places j3ta in antithesis 
with aTropla or Xi/lioj, denoting the other mode of taking a city. 

3. cj)avepa eyevero, hecame opei\ undisguised. ^[a ovx r)XlcTKeTo. 

The unsuccessful attempt to take the place by assault, no doubt con- 
tributed to bring to an open rupture two states of such different habits 
and tastes, that they could not come in contact without being dis- 
pleased if not disgusted with each other. vecoTepoirouau, fondness 

for innovations, revolutionary spirit. See N. on I. TO. § 2. Bloomf. 
thinks that a plan is here alluded to, of taking part with the Helots, 

and restoring Messenia to its independence. d\Xo(Pii\ovs (see N. 

on I. 2. § 4). The Athenians were of the Ionic, the Lacedsomonians 
of the Doric race. " The ties of race were, in that unsettled state of 

society in Greece, stronger than those of alliance." Bloomf. 

fjLovovs tS)u ^viifidxcav. It increased the indignation of the Athenians, 

that they alone of the allies were sent away. ov8ev — eVt, no 

longer. The position of en gives it great emphasis. avratv. S. 

§ 200. 3. The conduct of the Lacedssmonians in this affair, does not 
appear in a very favorable light. They seized the occasion of a failure 
to carry the place by storm, to turn the siege into a blockade, and 
thus gave a color to their dismissal of the Athenians, by announcing 
that they had no further need of them. 

4. eyvoiaav — aTTOTre/xTrojuei'oi, they perceived that they were sent away 
(see N". on I. 25. § 1). The participle takes the nominative form, be- 
cause its subject is the same as that of the principal verb. Cf. S. § 225. 

7. ovK. . . .Xoyo), not for any good reason, as we say, not with the 

lest intention. Arnold, however, takes the expression in a less playful 
sense, and renders it : not upon the more creditable reason that was 
assigned. So Haack and Goeller also interpret. eVi here denotes 
counsel or purpose. K. § 296. II. 3. c. For the use of the comparative, 

cf. Mt. § 457 ; S. § 159. 3. nvos vtvotvtov yevo^ievov denotes the 

cause. S. § 226. beivov Tronja-dixevot, esteeming it had usage, tahing 

it as an affront. tovto na'^elv, to receive such treatment. eV- 

In eVi r« MijSo) is used in a hostile sense, against. K. § 296. II. 3. d. 

Cf. III. 63. § 2. TTpos avrovs depends on ^vp.p.axiav. iKeivcop 

refers to the Lacedaemonians. olavroi, the same (S. § 160. 5) a3 

the oaths with which the treaty with the Argives had been ratified. 

16 



362 NOTES. [Book! 



CHAPTER CIII. 

In the tenth year of the siege Ithome is snrrendered on the condition that its defenders 
shall leave Lacedijemon and never set foot in it again (§ 1); the Lacedaemonians are 
inclined to this leniency from a response, which they had received aforetime from the 
Pythian oracle (§ 2) ; the vanquished Helots are received by the Athenians, and settled 
at Naupactus (§ 3) ; the Megareans forsake the Lacedaemonian alliance, and come over 
to the Athenians by whom their city is fortified and garrisoned (§ 4). 

1. SfKaro) eret, i. e. A. 0. 455. Olymp. Si. 2. The order of events 
is not strictly pursued in this summary, otherwise this termination of 
the siege would have been related at tlie beginning of chap. 111. 
This anticipiition makes the narration clearer, by grouping togetlier 
all the events and incidents pertaining to the siege and capture of 
Ithome. The length of the siege shows, that either the Lacediemoni- 
ans were very unskilful in conducting it (see I. 102, § 2), or that the 
place was by nature quite impregnable. €(fi a re (generally fol- 
lowed by the infinitive. Cf. Jelf 's Kuhn. § 805. 2 ; Mt. § 479. a), on 
condition that. The antecedent is eVi tovtco implied in the preceding 

clause. Cf. K. § 341. E. 5. e^iaatv has the future signification 

(S. § 211. N. 4). The Schol. calls this use of the future after €<^' w, 
an idiom of Thucydides. But cf. Jelf's Kiihn. 1. c, where examples 

of the same usage are cited from Herodotus. im^rjcrovTai avrrjs. 

This genitive may be referred to S. § 192. 1. 

2. /cat, also^ implies that there were other reasons, to which that 
derived from the Pythian oracle was added, why the Helots were 

sufiered to depart on these terms. 7rp6 rov. See N. on I. 32. § 4. 

Tov Alos tov 'l^cofiTjTa. The mountain-fortress in which the 

Messenians made their last stand for freedom, is said to have derived 
its name from Ithome, one of the nymphs who nourished Jupiter. On 
the summit of the mountain was a temple dedicated to Jupiter Itho- 

matas. a^icVat, to dismiss^ to let go. I cannot find any instance 

where this word is used in the sense of to manumit^ Avhich Bloomf. 
affixes to it. 

3. KaT tx^os rjbrj to AaKe^aifiovicov^ through hatred now to the 
Lacedmmonians. The genitive is here objective, as in bia to Ilouo-a- 
viov fxia-os (I. 96. § 1), and bia to e'x'^os 'A'^rjvaicov (II. 11. § 2). Cf. 

III. 101. § 2 ; IV. 1. § 2 ; YII. 5T. § 7. NavTra/croi/, N'aupactiui, now 

Lepanto^ was situated on the Sinus Corinthiacus, north-east of Antir- 
rhium. Its commanding position showed with what sagacity the 
Athenians selected places for their colonies and those of their allies. 



Chap. CIV.] NOTES. 363 

In the Peloponnesian war, this Messenian colony jepuid with interest 
the wrongs which they had suffered at the hands of the Lacedaemoni- 
ans. Cf. II. 90. §§ 4-6. AoKpav tS)v 'O^oXwi/, the Ozelian Locri' 

ans^ one of the divisions of the Locrians in Greece, or perhaps a 
colony of the eastern Locrians, since Homer makes no mention of the 
Ozolae. In the Peloponnesian war they sided with the Athenians, 
partly through hatred of the -^tolians, and partly because the Athe- 
nians had possession of their principal town and harbor. 

4 rrpoaexaypw^^ ^^ '^"'^ Meyaprjs. Thucydides no^ returns to the 
narrative of events in their proper series (see N. on § 1 supra). Me- 
gara united with the Athenian confederacy, according to Mtiller 
(Chron. Tab. Dorians, II. p. 464), a. o. 461, or six years before the 
reduction of Ithome. Another chronologist fixes the date at a. o. 464, 

which is undoubtedly too early. Trepl Kare^xov. The Megare- 

ans and Corinthians were engaged almost continually in border hos- 
tilities. ra fiOKpa t€lx>] — drro rrjs noXecos es l^iaraiav. These walls 

connected Megara with the port of Nisasa on the Sinus Saronicus, and 
were eight stadia in length (cf. IV. 66. § 4), or eighteen stadia accord- 
ing to Strabo (391). Meyapevo-i, for the Megareans^ is the dat. 

commodi. ovx .... rjp^aro^ from which in no small degree that 

violent hatred degan. The Corinthians avowed their displeasure at 
this transaction, in their speech to the Athenians (I. 42. § 2), and the 
war spoken of in I. 105, owed its origin to the same cause. 



CHAPTER CIV. 

Inarus having revolted from the king of Persia calls to his aid the Athenians, who happoi 
at that time to be laying siege to Cyprus ; these sailing up the Nile to Memphis, posses 
themselves of two parts of the town and besiege the third (§§ 1, 2). 

1. Tcov TTpos AiyvTrro), those hordering on Egypt. These Libyaii 
tribes occupied the district of country west of Egypt, probably what 

was afterwards called Libya Marraorica. oppafievos €k Mapelay. 

See N". on I. 64. § 2. Marea was situated on the western part of the 
narrow strip of land, separating Lake Mareotis from the sea. I find 
that it is placed by Kiepert on the inland shore of the south-western 
part of that lake. Thus commencing hostilities at the western ex- 
tremity of the Delta, Inarus extended them eastward until all Egypt 
was engaged in the revolt. According to Diodorus (XI. 71), this. 



364 NOTES. [BookL 

defection of luarus took place a. c. 461, and it was one year after- 
wards that he called in the Athenians. vwefj ^dpov^ oxe?' against 

Pharos. This was a small island in front of Alexandria, on which 

stood the celebrated lighthouse. 'Apra^ep^ov, i. e. Artaxerxes 

Longimanus. Bekker reads ^Apro^ep^ov. apxcav of the Egyptians. 

eVj/yayero, called in as allies. 

3. ervxov Iv/xpa^coj/ is a parenthesis (and so marked in some 

editions), thro-\vn in to show the proximity of the Athenian ships to 

the scene of operations in Egypt. rjX^iov to Egypt. dTroXnrov- 

Tfs Trjv KvTT pov. Ealeigh censures them for leaving Cyprus, while 

Mitford justifies them for the act. dva7r\evcravT€s — is tov NeiXoi/, 

sailing ii'p the Nile. rov re Trorap-oi', i. e. the parts bordering on 

the river, viz. the Delta. kcli r^y. . . .pepav. This was probably 

preceded by the great battle recorded by Ctesias and Diodorus, in 
which the Persians were defeated, and Achaemenes the brother of 

king Artaxerxes fell by the hand of Inarus. Acvkov relx^s^ t^^ 

White Fortress. The Schol. says that it was so called, to distinguish 
it from the other two fortified places which were built of brick. It 
was probably the head-quarters of the Persian army in Egypt, which 

amounted in the time of Herodotus to 120,000 men. Hepaoav koX 

Mi^So)!/. This distinction is rather singular, as these people had long 
before become one. By the Greek writers, as Poppo observes, they 
are very frequently called Medes alone, as in MjySi/coy jroXf/ios, pr]bi- 

^fij/, prjdLcrpos^ etc. 



1/ 



CHx^PTER CV. 

m a sea-fight ^vith the Corinthians and Epidamnians, the Athenians are defeated, bnt ia 
a subsequent one fought near Cecryphalela are victorious (§ 1) ; they also conquer the 
JSginetae in a great naval engagement, and having landed upon tlie island lay siege to the 
city (§ 2) ; in order to make a diversion in favor of the city, the Corinthians take posses- 
sion of the heights of Geranea and invade the Megarean territory, supposing that no 
assistance could be furnished by the Athenians, unless they raised the siege of -<Egina, 
since all their forces were employed in that place and in Egypt (§§ 3, 4) ; the Athenians, 
however, send from Athens a force composed of the old and young, who come to an 
indecisive engagement with the Corinthians (§§ 5, 6) ; being reproached by those at home, 
the Corinthians return to erect a trophy, and in a second engagement are completely 
routed by the Athenians (§ 7). 

1. 'AXlqs. This is the reading of Bekker; but Poppci, Goellei, 
fiaack, Bloomf., and Arnold edit 'AXiar, contracted for 'AXteiy, a 
people who lived on the coast of Argolis, and who were, as Arnold 



Chap. CY.l NOTES. 365 

supposes, tlio TrepioiKOL of the Dorian Argives, the remnant of the old 
inhabitants who occupied the extreme point of Argolis, and lived by 
fishing (whence their name arose) and perhaps by piracy. The read- 
ing of Dindorf is preferable, which refers it to the territory or chief 

town of this people. npos KopiVSiot. Neither Thucydides nor 

Diodorus gives the origin of this war, but it most likely arose from 
the iU-will, which the Corinthians bore to the Megareans for their 
defection to the Athenians. The battles here spoken of took place 

A. c. 457. K^KpvcpaXeia. According to the Schol. this was an 

island, lying off the western coast of Peloponnesus, Pape says that it 
was a small island in the Laconic gulf, and Col. Leake (Travels in the 
Morea, IL p. 455) identifies it with Kyra, one of the small islands 
which lie between Epidaurus and .^gina. This is its true situation, 

and the one assigned it by Kiepert. IleXoTrovvrjo-Lcov. " Qui ii 

Peloponnesii ? Corinthii puto, Epidaurii, Spartani, JEgineta)."' Od. 
MdU. JEgin. p. 176. 

2. nokefiov be Karaa-Tavros. This war doubtless resulted from the 
preceding one, as the ^ginetse were allies of the Peloponnesians. 

'A37;mio£s depends on KaraaTavros. ixera ravra, i. e. after the 

transactions just mentioned. Poppo and Haack place a comma after 

'ASTjmi'ots-, and thus connect ixera ravra with the following words. 

avTcov^ i. e. Tcov AlytvrjTOiV. eTToXtopKouj/, SC. ttjv A'lyLvav. Aeoi- 

Kpdrovs. This general was a colleague of Aristides in the battle at 
Plataja, as was also Myronides, who gained the victory spoken of in 
§ 7 infra. 

3. irpoTcpov must not be taken with bie^l^aa-av^ but with imKov- 

povs, formerly the auxiliaries. to. 5e aKpa ttjs Tepavelas^ the heights 

of Geranea. This mountain stretched across the isthmus between 
Corinth and Megara, belonging probably to the territory of the latter. 

4. aTrovo-rjs crrpaTias iroWrjs^ as a large portion of their army was 

absent. air Alyimjs dvao-rfjo-eo-^iat avrovs. It was the object of 

this inroad into the Megarean territory, to create a diversion in favor 
of the iEginetse, who were at this time besieged by the Athenian 
army under Leocrates. 

5. Tcoj/ . . . , j/ecorarot, those left in the city (viz.) the oldest and the 
youngest. "The genitive twv vnoXoiTroiv is put for the nominative, 
01 beiug understood. Cf. Mt. § 297. 3." Bloomf. But this, as Poppo 
remarks, is contrary to the laws of the language, and does not remove 
the difiiculty which it was intended to do. The construction, which 
makes the genitive depend on oi Trpecr^vraTOL and ol veoiraroi, is in 
accordance with the obvious sense: of those remaining in the city 
(= of the citizens) the aged and the young ^ who had been on that 



36G NOTES. [BookI. 

acconnt left behind (uttoXoittcoi/), Avlien the more able-bodied set out 
on the expeditions previously referred to. 

6. la-oppoTTov^ equally ialanced^ indecisive. ivoixicrav, . , A'pyeo^ 

each thought that they had got the tetter (ovk eXaaaav, not inferior, 
by litotes = superior) in the action {epya = p-dxn). 

7. €KpdTr}(rav yap ojkos juaXXoi/, Jbr [although neither party cam© 
off decidedly victorious] yet they (i. e. the Athenians) Jiad rather the 
advantage. The evidence of this is furnished in dTreX^ovTcov rav Kopiv- 
SicDv, inasmuch as the Corinthians retired after the battle was over. It 

was on this account that the Athenians erected a trophy. KaKi^o- 

fifvoi, being reproached because they had suffered themselves to be 
driven from the field by old men and boys (see N. on § 5 supra). 

Aristid. narrates that they were upbraided viro rav olKeiatv. rjp.€~ 

pas — doidsKa paXiara (see N". on I. 54. § 2), for about twelve days. 

eXSoWes to the place of the engagement. oi/SiVrao-ai/ rpoTralov, 

began to erect a trophy in opposition (dvri-). The imperfect tense is 
used of an action not brought to a successful conclusion. See N. on I. 

57. § 4. €K^oTj?iT)a-avTes, sallying forth, rois aXXots who had 

come to the aid of those who were erecting the trophy. Diod. says : 
ndXiv yevopevrjs la^vpas p-dx^js iu ttj Xeyopeurj KtyicoXia, nd\iv ivUrjaap 
'A^r)va7oi^ Kal ttoWqvs dpelkov tcov TToXepicov. 



CHAPTER CYI. 

On the retreat of the Corinthians, a part lose their way, and are driven into a place from 
■nhich escape is impossible (§ 1) ; the Athenians surround them and stone them to 
death (§ 2). 

1. Poppo thinks that this chapter should be included in the 
preceding one, or if two chapters are to be formed, that the second 
should begin at 1. 105. § 4. t\. ., .oXt'yov, some considerable por- 
tion of them. The student will notice the litotes in oIk oXlyov. — — 

hiapaprbv rrfs ohov., missed entirely (5ta-) the way. S. § 197. 2. h 

rov (= Tivoi) x^^p'^ov iSitorov, i. e. ey rov iStcorou ;^coptov. Cf. Mt. § 279. 
Obs. 4. x^^P'o" ^Q^& signifies a spot^ enclosure, to which, as was often 
the practice in ancient times, a local name was given. Perhaps tho 
battle, to which Diod. refers as fought cV 77; Xcyopiinj Kep.o>Xia (see 

N. on 1. 105. § 7), was the one here spoken of. J depends on 

ervx^v = ervx^v op. Jelf constructs it as a local dative, and refers it 

to § 605 of his edition of Kuhner. Trepielpyov (sc. avro referring to 

X^fapiop, enclosed it all around. 



Chap. CYIL] NOTES. 367 

2. Kara irpoaconov^ in front^ i. e. at the entrance of the field. The 
hoplites were stationed here, because it was the only place where 

those hemmed in could escape. KareXeva-av, stoned to death. This 

was done by the slingers, who constituted a considerable portion of 
the light-armed. Bloomf. remarks that the Athenians afterwards 

tasted the bitter fruits of this unsparing cruelty. avrols stands for 

the adnominal genitive. Kiihner (Jelf s edit. § 597) ranks this with 
the dat. commodi, the thing possessed being conceived of as being for 
the owner's benefit. 



CHAPTER CVII. 

The Athenians begin to build the Long Walls (§ 1) ; the Lacedaemonians and their allies 
having gone to assist the Dorians against the Phocians, their return home is impeded by 
the Athenians (§§ 2, 3) ; whereupon they resolve to remain in Boeotia and watch their 
opportunity to return home, being privately importuned also by certain Athenians, to 
assist in abolishing democracy in their city, and to put a stop to the erection of the 
Long Walls (§ 4) ; the Athenians and their allies sally forth against thPem, partly on the 
supposition that they would be embarrassed in effecting a return home, and partly 
through apprehension of their intrigues to put down democracy (§§ 5, 6) ; some Thessa- 
lian horse join the Athenians, who, however, desert them in the time of action (§ 7). 

1. ^p^avTo — otKoSo/AtTi/. The infinitive follows apx^cr^iai, when the 
notion of the dependent verb is only in intention not in act ; but the 
participle, when it is actually begun. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 688. Obs. 

Kara rovs xp^^^^s tovtovs, in these times, i. e. in the time of 

these occurrences which have just been related. to re ^aXrjpovSe. 

See K on II. 13. § 7. 

2. p.7]Tp67r6kiv is in apposition with Ampias (== Aoopida. Mt. § 429. 
2), as are also BotoV, Kvtlvov, and 'Epti/foV, showing its parts or divi- 
sions (Mt. § 432. 3). NLKop,rj8ovs is to be constructed with rj-yovne- 

vov. Nicomedes is supposed to have been the uncle of Pleistoanax 
and brother of Pausanias, for Oleombrotus is often mentioned as the 
father of Pausanias. Dukas makes Leonidas to have been a brother 
to Nicomedes and Pausanias. But he was a son of Anaxandrides and 

brother (some say twin-brother) to Oleombrotus. vnep TiXeKTTodva- 

KTos, in the stead of Pleistoanax. Nicomedes was tutor of the young 
king, and acted as regent. ^aaiXecos is referred by most commen- 
tators to Pleistoanax, since Pausanias was only regent, although called 
king (as he virtually was) by Demosthenes, Aristotle, Plutarch, etc. 
It is written in I. 114. § 2 with equal ambiguity, ILXeiaroduaKTos rov 
Havaaulov /SacriXecos AaK€datp.ovlcou r}yovp,ivov. —— veov ovtos crt, &e- 

ing yet a youth. i^oipna-av rot? Aco/jteOo-ti'. Miiller fixes the date 



368 NOTES. [Book! 

of this expedition at a. o. 457. Olymp. 80. 4, and very correctly sup- 
poses that they returned the following year. eavrSiv^ of their own. 

oTrkirais is the dative of accompaniment (S. § 206. 5). 

onoXoyia^ on terms of surrender. 

8. Kara ^aXaa-aav^ iy sea. ei ^ovXolvto — efxeXKov. There is an 

ellipsis of av in the apodosis, that x)article being seldom added to the 

verb fieWco. Kptaalov koXttou, the Criscean gulf This bay was 

south of Phocis, and belonged to the Sinus Corinthiacus to which it 

sometimes gave its name. TrepaioCo-Sat on their way home. 

TrepnrXeva-avres, having sailed around Peloponnesus. This they would 
be under the necessity of doing, in order to enter the Corinthian gulf. 

Meyapa Koi Urjyds. Cf. 1. 103. § 4. Suo-oSoy, transitu difficilis. 

yap introduces as the reason why it would be unsafe to go by 

Geranea, that the Athenians had possession of Megara and Pegaa. 

Tore^ i. e. at the time when they were wishing to return. 

lyo-Sai/oin-o — p.eXKovTas. See N. on I. 26. § 3. ravrrj^ there^ i. e, in 

the defiles of Geranea, through which lay the road to Lacedasmon by 
the way of the Isthmus. 

4. tbo^£ — oro) TpoTva — diairopevcrovTai. Notice the change from the 
oblique to the direct discourse, the action belonging to the past being 

transferred to the present time of the speaker. Cf. K. § 345. 5. 

BoioTols. Boeotia lay west of Phocis, and in this state the Lacede- 
monians took up their quarters and spent the winter. to de n 

KUL, ^'•partim etiam.^^ Bauer. ikrricravTcs olKo8op.ovfxeva^ hoping 

to put down democracy and put a stop to huilding the Long Walls. 
The student will notice the dilogia in KaTaTravo-eiv. See N. on I. 26. 
§ 3. The popular leaders, who were aiming to secure for Athens the 
sovereignty of the sea, urged the erection of the Long Walls as a 
measure most beneficial to the state. As a project, therefore, of the 
democratical party, and as rendering Athens independent of the Lace- 
daemonians, the building of these walls was opposed by the aristocracy. 

5. iravdrjfjLcL " Haud dubie qui militari erant a^tate ; hos enim 
paulo post tredecim millia Athenis eflTecisse 11. 13. cognoscemus." 

Poppo. 'Apyeicoi/ ;!(iXioi. Cf. I. 102. § 4. a>s eKao-roi (so 

^XSoi/), '•'■singuli pro rata parte.'''' Poppo. See N. on L 3. § 5. 

^vfjLiravres, i. e. the Athenians and their allies. Mitford says that with 
the cavalry and the attending slaves, the whole number could be 
scarcely less than 80,000 men, 

6. vofiia-avres, hecause they thought. See 1^. on I. 9. § 4. dieX- 

Scoo-tv in their return home. kqi ti kui, and partly. Didot reads 

Kairoi Kai. rov drjuov KaToKva-eojSf of the subversion of the demo- 

vacy (cf. § 4 supra). Notice the chaugo of construction from vofii* 



Chap. CVin.] ' NOTES. 369 

aavres^ with which Poppo compares Sxrre fxfjri aTreipia — vofiia-avra^ 
I. 80. § 1. 

7. iTnrrjs. Attic for tTrTreis-. Kara ro ^vfXfxaxKop, according tQ 

the treaty of alliance. Cf. I. 102. §4. ixereaTrjorav = ixeTerd^avro^ 

changed sides (see N. on II. 67. § 1). Bloomf. ev rco epya (at 

Tanagra). See N. on I. 105. § 6. 



CHAPTER CVIII. 

The Athenians and Lacedaemonians come to an engagement at Tanagra, in which the latter 
come oflf victorious (§ 1), after Avhich they return homo by the way of Geranea and tho 
Isthmus. The Athenians afterwards invade and conquer Boeotia, and throw down tlio 
walls of Tanagra (§§ 2, 3) ; the ^ginetse surrender to the Athenians on conditions (§ 4), 
after which the Athenians cruise around the Peloponnesian coast, burn tho dock of the 
Lacedfemonians, take Chalcis, and defeat the Sicyonians (§ 5). 

1. ficixv^- According to Diod. this battle lasted two days, no de- 
cided advantage being gained by either party. It is evident, however, 
that the fruit of victory was enjoyed by the Laced£emonians, inasmuch 

as they returned unimpeded to their home. €v= in the mcinity 

of. The city of Tanagra was situated on a lofty and rugged eminence, 
on the north bank of the Asopus near the junction of the Thermodon 
(cf. Kiepert's Map of Boeotia), and was remarkable for the thrift and 
orderly character of its inhabitants. Cf. Cramer's Greece, II. pp. 
267-269. 

2. dev8poToixr](ravT€s. This was a common method of inflicting 
injury upon a hostile territory. Cf. Xen. Anab. I. 4. § 10. The trees 
selected to be cut down or girdled, were doubtless such as bore fruit, 

or served for shade or ornament. ttoXlv diri^X^ov eV oXkov (see N. 

on I. 30. § 2). Diod. says that a truce of four months was entered 
upon after the battle, which is highly probable, as in no other way 
can we account for the unimpeded passage of the Lacedasmonians 
over Geranea, 

3. OlvocfivTOLs^ (Enophyta^ "was not a town but a plot of gi'ound 
forming one farm, planted with olive-trees." Bloomf. The reason 
why the Boeotians were thus invaded, was the assistance which they 
had rendered the Lacedeemonians in the battle at Tanagra (cf. koI oi 

^ufifiaxoi^ § 1 supra). rrjs Boicorias except Thebes. Cf. III. 62. 

nepielXov, demolished all around^ or rather, demolished the wall 

which was around the city. Cf. Liddell and Scott sub voce. Bloomf. 
renders the word, dismantled^ viz. by removing the battlements of the 
wall, and lowering it to a height practicable to be scaled by an invad- 



370 KOTES. • [BooKl 

ing force. AoKpa>v — eXa^ov. Afterwards Myronides, aciiording to 

Diodorus, penetrated into Thessaly to punish that people for their de- 
sertion in the battle of Tanagra, but failing in his attempt upon the 
town of Pharsalia, he returned to Athens. But compare I. 111. § 1 
(on which see jSTote), where it appears that the Thessalian expedition 

was later, probably a. o. 454. rd re. . . .eneTeXeo-av. "When two 

or more attributives are joined to a substantive, each of which has a 
peculiar force, the article is used with each. This is more rare when 
the attributives follow the substantive." Jelf 's Kiihn. § 459. 5. As 
the foundations of these walls were laid by Ciraon, when the spoils of 
the victory of the Eurymedon were applied by the Athenians to the im- 
provement of the city, and as Cimon, after a banishment of five years, 
was recalled (a. o. 456) the same year in which the two walls were 
finished, Col. Leake (Athens, I. p. 425) thinks that the year 462 is the 
latest to which the commencement of the walls can be ascribed. If 
so, the words Kara tovs xpovovs tovtovs (I. 107. § 1) must be received 
with some latitude. 

4. a)ix6X6yr](Tav Se KoL AlyivrjTai after they had stood a siege of 
nine months. Miiller fixes the date of this event, a. c. 457, but I pre- 
fer with other chronologists to assign to it the date of a. c. 456. 

nepLeXovres (see N". on nepielXov^ § 3 supra), Trapabovres^ and ra^cipe- 
voL denote the conditions on which the capitulation was made. 

5. wepunXeva-av. This cruise took place the next year after tlie 

surrender of ^gina, i. e. a. o. 455. Olymp. 81. 2. to veapiov 

refers to the naval arsenal or docks at Gytheum. XaX/ct'Sa, Chalcis 

in ^tolia which was a Corinthian colony. diro^daei, rris yrjs = 

aTTOjSdo-ei eVi rrjs yrjs. the genitive being objective and supplying the 
place of the preposition and its case. 



CHAPTER GIX. 

The Persians having been vanquished in Egypt by the Athenians and their allies, Arta- 
xerxes sends Megabazus to Lacedsemon inviting that people to create a diversion by in- 
vading Attica (§§ 1, 2) ; but being unsuccessful in his mission he returns to Asia, where- 
upon the king despatches a largo force to Memphis, by which the Egyptians and their 
allies are defeated, and the Greeks shut up in the island of Prosopis, where after hold- 
ing out for ono and a half years, they are finally overcome by the Persians (§§ 3, 4). 

1. The narration of the Egyptian war is here resumed from I. 104. 

avTOLs. . . . KaT€(TTr](rav = carried on the war with Darioics incidents^ 

I. e. various and diverse fortunes befell them in the prosecution of the 
war. These are narrated by Diod. Sic. XI. 77. 



OiiAP. CIX.] ^ NOTES. 371 

2. TO fiiv yap itpaTov^ for in the first place, yap is epexegei;ical, 
i. e. it serves to explain ttoXXoI Ibeac 7roXep.a>v in the preceding section. 

eKpdrovv refers to the victory spoken of in I. 104. § 2. ^acrt- 

Xeyy, i. e. Artaxerxes Longimanus. Meya^aCov. Smith thinks 

that this may be the same person with the one of that name, who 

held a command in the fleet of Xerxes. Cf. Herod. YII. 97. 

fivdpa Ueparjv. This is not to be considered as an appellation of rank 
or dignity, but rather as serving to distinguish the person here spoken 
of, from Megabyzus the son of Zopyrus, a Persian, who was sent as 
commander of the army in Egypt (cf. § 3 infra). This is rendered 
probable by the fact that Meyafta^os and MeydlBv^os are so interming- 
led in Herodotus, Otesias, and other writers, that it is quite certain 
they are only different forms of the same name. The use of this ap- 
pellation may be seen in a form of expression like the following : a 
Persia?! dy the name of Megabazus — another Persian also of the name 
of Megabyzus (the same name as the preceding although slightly 

varied in form) the son of Zopyrus (cf. § 3). ottcos is used here in 

its telic sense. See N. on I. 65. § 1. TretcrSieVrcoi' twv lickonovvr]- 

cricov denotes the means. 

3. 0)9 7rpot/x<»pet, iut when he met with no success; literally, 

when tilings (Trpdyfiara supplied from the context. K. § 238. K. 3. c) 
did not turn out well for him. aXXcoy, otherwise (than to advan- 
tage) = in vain. dvaXovro. For the omission of the augment, see 

K. § 122. 1. Mey d^vCov. As this general was one of the com- 
manders of the laud forces of Xerxes, when he invaded Greece, and 
also commanded the army which was defeated by Cimon on the Eu- 
rymedon, he must have been at this time somewhat advanced in years 

and have had much military experience. Zanvpov^ Zopyrus. He 

was the one through whose self-devotion Babylon was taken by Darius. 
Of. Herod. HI. 160. arpaTids TrokXrjs. Diodorus says that the num- 
ber was 300,000 ; Otesias, 200,000. The latter author, however, adds 
the troops which remained in Egypt, thus making a total of 500,000 
men. According to Diodorus, a fleet of 300 ships accompanied them. 

4. Tovs ^vfiiMaxovs^ i. e. the Athenians. ILpocrcoTririda. The 

island Prosopis was formed probably by two branches of the Nile, or 
perhaps as Bloomf. thinks, by the Nile and a wide and deep canal. 

The Schol. says that it is the same as that called- Nicion. p.7]vas 

€|, i. e. e| fxrjvas. H-^XP'' ^^■) '^^ti^- rfjv dicapvxa in which lay 

the Athenian triremes. "XXn, another tcay, in another direction. 

rds re. . . .eiroirja-e^ he caused the ships to ground. ttc^^ is to 

;.. he constructed with dia^ds. 



872 NOTES [Book! 

CHAPTER ex. 

A small remnajt only of tbe Greeks escape from Egypt, •which country again passes under 
the dominio:i of the Persians (§§ 1, 2) ; Inarus is treacherously taken and crucified (§ 3) ; 
fifty Athenian triremes having come to the relief of the fleet in Egypt, are attacked by 
the Persians and most of them destroyed (§ 4), and thus terminates the Egyptian expe- 
dition (§ 5). 

1. TToXeixTja-avra belongs in sense to 'EXkrjvcov^ but in grammatical 
form to Trpdyfiara, "wbich is the principal "word in the periphrasis to, 

rcbv ''EXKT]va)P Trpdyfiara. oKiyoi. . . .icra'^rjaav. Diod. savs that 

the Persians, through admiration of the valor of the Athenians, al- 
lowed them to evacuate Egypt and return home unmolested. But 
this is hardly reconcilable with the closing words of the preceding 
chapter (elXe ttjv vrjaov), and then, as Bloomf. inquires, why did they 
not leave Egypt by the way of the Mle, if they were suffered to de- 
part in peace ? Kvprjvrjv^ Gyrene. This was a flourishing city of 

Libya Cyrenaica, situated a few miles from the Mediterranean coast, 
directly opposite Greece. In making this retreat (which was a kind 
of archetype of the Anabasis), the Greeks unquestionably took the 
route by Parsetonium, and so along the •sea-coast, where were numer- 
ous Greek settlements. 

2. 'A/ivprai'ov. This Amyrtceus must not be confounded with the 
Saite of the same name, who revolted from the Persians in the reign 
of Darius ISTothus, as that event took place a. o. 414, or upwards of 
forty years after the termination of the revolt here spoken of. This 
Amyrtaeus, according to Herodotus, was reduced to submission by the 
Persians, and his son Pausiris suffered to reign over the fen district of 
the Delta, by their favor ; whereas the AmyrtfBus who revolted from 
Darius is'othus, was succeeded by four successive kings, nor did tho 
Persians recover their ascendency over the country, until the reign of 
Ochus, nearly sixty years afterwards. Cf. Arnold's note on this pas- 
sage, to which I am indebted for the substance of these remarks. In 
Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Biog. and MythoL, there is mention made 
of only one Amyrtaeus who revolted, and he is said to have reigned in 
the marshy districts from the time of his revolt from Artaxerxes, until 
about A. c. 414, when the Egyptians expelled the Persians, and Amyr- 
ti^ius reigned over Egypt six years, being the only king of the twenty- 
eighth dynasty. eXecrt, loio grounds^ marshes^ lying between the 

Canopic and the Tanitic mouths of the Nile, and comprising the most 
of what was called the Delta. Ka\ afxa eXeiot is a varied con- 
struction for Koi apa 8ui to jxaxip-oirdTovs eiuai twv AlyvTma>v rovf 
ikiiovs demanded by the preceding member. 



Chap. CXI.] NOTES. 373 

3. TTpo^oaia \T](j)?i€Ls. According to Ctesias (c. 84), he made an 
agreement with Megabyzns to surrender 6^' <p fjirjbev kukov napa jSao-i- 
Xe'cDs Xa/Sfii/. But after five years' residence at the court, whither he 
was carried a prisoner, at the instigation of Amytis, the mother of the 
king and of Achjemenes, he was put to death by Artaxerxes, who 
thus broke the promise given by Megabyzus and confirmed by his 

own word. ai/eo-rafpcoS?;. Herodotus and Ctesias say that he 

was crucified em rpial aravpoTs^ which Bloomf. says might be more 
properly termed impalement. 

4. 6K 8e Tcov ^A^Tjvcov. Poppo, Haack, and Goeller read 'A^iTjvaicovj 
and refer to Mt. § 429. 2, where it is said that 'ASt^i/wv, the reading of 

Bekker, is without MS. authority. Kara to Mevbrjo-tou Kepas^ at 

the Mendesian mouth (of the Nile), i. e. the arm or branch of the river 
on which was situated Mendes, and which was the fifth mouth of the 
stream reckoning from the west. There are so many aspects in which 
the word Kepas might be applied to the disemboguing branches of a 
river, that it appears to me unnecessary and useless to inquire why it 

is here applied to this branch of the Nile. ovk eldores — ovSeV, 

heiiig wholly ignorant of. eldores refers grammatically to Tpiripeis-, 

but in sense to the persons who navigated them. rav yeyevTjpevcov^ 

i. e. the defeat of the Greeks and Egyptians. Tre^oi of the Per- 
sians. TToXip to Greece. 

5. TO, fxep Kara rrju peyakrjv arparciav = 17 p.€yaXrj arpaTeia. Mt. 

§•583, 3. ovTccs ereXeiiTTjaev. The position of these words at tho 

close of the story of this disastrous expedition, is highly emphatic. No 
one knew better than Thucydidcs where to place important words, so 
that they should stand out with prominence and emphasis. In this, 
as well as in other respects, he is a model worthy of repeated study. 



 CHAPTER CXI. 

The Athenians, -undeitaking at his solicitation to restore the Thessalian prince Orestes ta 
Iiis country from whicli he had been exiled, advance for that purpose as far as Pharsalus, 
but are obliged to retire without accomplishing their object (§ 1) ; after this a fleet midei 
Pericles sail to Sicj'on, and disembarking, defeat the Sicyonians who assemble to oppost 
them (§ 2) ; ani then taking some Achseans on board cross over and lay siege to (Eniadw, 
but being unsuccessful return home (§ 3). 

1. Tov Qea-craXSiv ^acriXecos. It does not appear that Echecratides 
was king of the whole of Thessaly, but only of the region about Phar- 
Balus. There were throe of these noble families in Thessaly, the gens 



374 NOTES. [Book I 

Antiochi at Pharsalus, the gens AleuadoD at Larissa, and the gens 
Scopad89 at Oranno. To the former of these families Echecratides 
belonged, being the son of Antiochus, and grandson of Echecratides 
Major who was celebrated by Simonides. But little is known of 

these personages. (f)evyoav^ being an exile. The reason of this is 

unknown, as the history of the Thessalians is very obscure. ivapa- 

Xa^ovres eoTpdreva-av. Diod. connects this expedition with those 

which were made against the Phocians and Locrians, after the battle 
of (Enophyta (I. 108. § 3), a. o. 456, or as Poppo prefers, 467. It is 
evident that the historian here resumes the regular series of events, 
which had been interrupted by the account of the issae of the Egyp- 
tian expedition, but I prefer with Arnold to assign to the invasion of 

Thessaly the date, a. c. 454, Olymp. 81. 3. ttjs QeaaaXias depends 

on ^dpa-aXov. Cf. Mt. § 321. 6. T^s fi€v yrjs. . . .ottXcoi/, they tooh 

possession of as much of the country as extended but a short distance 
from the encampment ; literally, they conquered as much of the coun- 
try as they could conquer {oa-a fxf) = oaa Kparslv ttjs yrjs ibvvaro /X17), 

not advancing far from their camp. ttoXii/, i. e. Pliarsalus. 

ovS' .... earpdreva-au^ nor did they succeed (see N. on 1. 109. § 3) in any 
one of the other objects of their expedition ; literally, in any other of 
tlwse things on account of which (hv == iKelvcov o)v) they made the 
expedition. 

2. /xfra....7roXX(», not long afterwards. This expedition of Peri- 
cles took place most likely the next year, i. e. a. 0. 453. 1177701?. 

Cf. I. 103. § 4, 2iKUQJi/a, Sicyon^ was a part of Sicyonia on the 

Sinus Corinthiacus, north-west of Corinth. Sav^imrov. He com- 
manded the Athenian forces at the battle of Mycale. ar partly ovv- 

Tos belongs to JJepiKXeovs. ^lkvcovIcov tovs Trpocrp-i^avras^ those of 

the Sicyonians who engaged with them. The genitive here denotes the 
'whole,' TOVS irpoa-iii^avras being put partitively. Cf. Mt. § 318. 2. 
Diod. says that an attack was subsequently made upon Sicyon, but 
the Lacedaemonians coming to the aid of the Sicyonians, Pericles 
retreated. 

3. TrapaXa^oirres {having taTcen on board)^ els ^vppaxiav (as the 
Schol. says), or rather eis o-TpaTelav. Cf. TrapaKa^ovres Bolootovs k. r. X. 
§ 1 supra. 'Axaiovs. These persons were doubtless such as fa- 
vored the democratical party. Achaia lay west of Sicyonia. dia- 

nXeva-avTes nepav the Corinthian gulf, probably to Naupactus, as this 
port was a convenient base for the operations which they had in view. 

OiVmSas, CEniadm. This city lay in the extreme southern part 

of Acarnania, on the right bank of the Achelous (cf. Kiepert's map), 
near its mouth and oi)posite the promontory of Araxum. Col. Leako 



Chap. CXIL] NOTES. 375 

(Nortli. Greece, III. p. 556) identifies it with the ruins of a large city, to 
which is given the narae Trikardho, or Trigardhokastro. The reason 
why Pericles assaulted this city, was because it was the only one in 
Acarnania, which was opposed to the alliance then contemplated, 
and soon afterwards formed, between Athens and Acarnania. It 
was not until the eighth year of the Peloponnesian war that, com- 
pelled by a superior force, it joined the Athenian alliance. fxevroi 

— ye, yet indeed. Between these particles Thucydides often interposes 
another word. 



CHAPTER CXII. 

In the third year after this, a five years' truce is concluded between the Peloponriesians and 
Athenians (§ 1), during which time a fleet of two hundred ships under the command 
of Cimon is fitted out by the Atlienlans against Cyprus (§ 2) ; of these ships sixty are 
detached to be sent to Egypt at the instance of Amyrtseus, and the rest blockade Citium 
(§ 3) ; but Cimon dying and a famine having arisen, they leave Citium, and sailing away 
defeat the Phoenicians and Cilicians both by sea and by land, after which being joined by 
the ships sent into Egypt they return home (§ 4) ; the sacred war follows (§ 5). 

1. iratv rpiSiv. This fixes the date of the commencement of the 

five years' truce at a. c. 450. Olymp. 82. 8. (nvovbai. This truce 

was effected chiefly through the agency of Cimon. 

2. noXefiGu eVxov, desisted from war. Cf. K. §§ 249. 1; 271. 2; S. 

§ 197. 2. 's Kvrvpov io-rparevovro. The object of this expedition 

is givaJi. in Plut. Cimon, c..l8 (init.). 

3. ^Afivpralov. Cf. I. 110. § 2. Kirrtoi/, Citium. This town 

lay in the south-eastern part of Cyprus, and was celebrated for being 
the birthplace of Zeno, Apollodorus, Apollonius, and other distin- 
guished persons. 

4. Kip-oovos de uTTo'^avovTos (a. 0. 449) through illness or the effects 
of a wound. To this circumstance, together with the scarcity of pro- 
visions, must be attributed the failure of the expedition, since a place 
so small could scarcely have resisted the attack of so large a force and 
led by so able a commander. vnep SaXa/iTi/os-, off Salamis ; liter- 
ally, dboxie Salamis^ because, as Arnold says, the horizon line of the 
sea appears to be elevated above the shore. Salamis lay north-east 

of Citium, in the middle part of the eastern side of the island. 

apia refers to the verbs which precede it = tliey conquered in a sea 
and land engagement., i. e. they fought the one battlo after the other 
(deinceps). Some may prefer to construct apa with ^olvi^i and KtXi- 
^iv^ J}oth with the Phoenicians and Cilicians. Diod. says' that Ai'ta- 



376 KOTES. [BookL 

bazus commanded the naval, and Megabyzus tlie land forces of the 

Persians. i^ AlyvnTov vrjes — eXSovtrat = al iv Alyvma injcs eg 

AlyvTJTov eXSoCo-at. See N. on I. 18. § 1 (init.). 

5. Tov. . . .TToXe/ior, called the (= the so-called) sacred war. ttoXc'* 
fiov follows €(rrpdT€V(rav, as denoting its abstract idea. See N. on 
raCra, 1. 70. § 7. iepov. S. § 189. Trapedocrav AeXcfiols. "Be- 
cause the noble families of the Delphians, in whose hands was the 
sole management of the temple and oracle, were of Dorian origin." 

Arnold. va-repov. " Tertio demum anno factum dicit Schol. Aris- 

toph., quem refutat Clinton." Poppo. 'A377mtoi. According to 

Plutarch, Pericles was their leader. rrapedoa-ap ^(OKcvai. The 

Phocians were always putting in claims for the custody of this temple, 
and hence as allies they were assisted by the Athenians. Mtillcr 
(Dorians, I. p. 112) says that the management of this temple was 
given to the Phocians against all ancient right. So Boeckh (Pub. 
Econ. Athens, p. 600. N.) says that the temple, accoTding to the 
agreement of the Greeks, was an independent sacred possession, the 
oversight of which was vested exclusively in the council of the 
Amphictyons and the sacred assembly at Delphi. Of. Grote's Hist. 
Greece, IV. p. 85. 



CHAPTER CXIII. 

The Athenians take Chaeronea from the Bosotian exiles who had got possession of it, and 
having placed a garrison in it, return homewards (§ 1) ; on their way they are attacked at 
Coronea by the Orchomenian exiles and others, and many are slain or made prisoners 
(§ 2) ; the Athenians evacuate the whole of Bceotia (§ 3), on which the Boeotians recover 
their independence, and their exiles return home (§ 4). 

1. Koi. . . .ravra is transposed for koI pera ravra ;^poi'ov eyyevope- 
vov, some time after these things. The events here spoken of took 

place A. C. 4A7. Olymp. 83. 2. Boiarav twv ^euyovroav refers to 

those who had been driven from their country, after the battle of 

(Enophyta. Cf. I. 108. § 3. Xaipcoveiav was afterwards celebrated 

for the victory gained by Philip of Macedon over the Athenian forces. 

arra for driva. "We should have expected drra (cf. K. § 93), 

nd indeed in two of the best MSS. it is so written. oTrXlrais is 

the dative of accompaniment. cbj (kuo-tols (sc. ia-rpaT^va-av). See 

N. on I. 107. § 5. Cf. also I. 3. § 5. eVi orra, i. e. against the 

places taken possession of by the Boeotian exiles. ToXplbov Toi 

VoXpalov. Cf. I. 108. § 5. koi dvbpairodiaavres. These words, 



Chap. CXIV.j NOTES. 377 

which Haack and Arnold bracket with Bekker and Dindorf, are can- 
celled by Poppo and Goeller, but received as genuine by Bloomf. 

KaTaa-TTjo-avres, after having left^ when they had left. See N. on I. 
13. § 6. 

2. awTois, i. e. the Athenians. Kopcoveia. This Boeotian city 

lay S. E. of Chseronea, and directly in the homeward route of the 

Athenians. eVirtSJej/rai o1 re. . . .BoicoToiv. " Ductu et auspiciis 

Spartonis. Yid. Plut. in Ages. t. III. 657." Gottl. AoKpol Opun 

tii, as the Schol. rightly understands it, for these had doubtless rebelled 
with the Boeotians, as they had been subjugated at the same time. 

Of. I: 108. § 3. Ev^oecov — (f>vyd8es. Pausanias says, that Tolmidea 

had previously led Athenian settlers into Eubcea, at which time proba- 
bly these exiles left their country. avTrjs yi/co/x?;? ^o-ai/, were of the 

same mind (cf. K. § 273. 2; S. § 190). yvdifxrjs refers to the feeling of 

hostility towards the Athenians. rovs fieu hu<l>'^€i,pav. Among 

the slain were Tolmides the leader of the expedition, and Clinias the 
father of Alcibiades. tovs de (avras eXa^ou. The desire to re- 
deem these prisoners, may have had some influence in disposing the 
Athenians to withdraw from Boeotia, and make no further attempts 
to subjugate it. 

3. €0' <p. gee N. on !.• 103. § 1. tovs avBpas refers to the 

Athenians, who had been taken captive as above related. 

4. 01 aXXot Trdvres refers to the Locrians and Eubcean exiles. • 



CHAPTER CXIY. 

tiie Eubceans having revolted, Pericles comes over to their island, where he receives intel- 
ligence of the revolt of the Megareans, and of an invasion with which the Peloponnesians 
were threatening Attica, whereupon he returns with his army (§ 1) ; the Peloponnesians 
make an irruption into Attica and devastate the country, but having proceeded as far as 
Eleusis return homeward (§ 2) ; Pericles with his army then returns to Eubcea, which he 
soon reduces to submission (§ 3). 

1. p,€Ta 'A^Tjvaioiv. This took place a. o. 445. Olymp. 83. 3. 

— — dia^ejBr) KOTOS ^'br] {having already passed over) TLepiKXeovs — rjy 
-yeXSi; avrS (i. e. Pericles). The genitive absolute is here employed, 
as being more emphatic than the more usual construction UepiKX^l 

dta^e^rjaoTC with avra. Cf. K. § 313. 2. Meyapa. Cf. I. 103. § 4. 

d(f)€(rTr]Ke. Cf. Mull. Dorians, II. p. 172, where this revolt is 

attributed to the return of the nobles, who had been banished and 



378 KOTES. [BookI 

their property confiscated, at the time when the democratic party 
gained the ascendancy and formed the alUance with the Athenians. 

(ppovpol 'A^r]va[a)V. Cf. I. 103. § 4. du(}i?iapfJLevoi elalv. The 

Athenians were so highly incensed at this revolt and massacre, that 
they excluded the Megareans from the Attic ports and markets (cf. I. 
139. § 1), which caused them great distress, as their country was 
mountainous and barren, and incapable of giving support to a large 

population. is Nio-ami/. In this place also the Athenians had 

stationed a garrison. Cf. 1. 103. § 4. eVaya-yo/xei/oi, ly calling in 

to their aid. iLopiv'^iovs . . . . 'ETriSaupiovy. These were the nearest 

states of the Peloponnesian confederacy. 

2. Tjys 'Arrifc^ff eV^oXoWey, invading Attica as far as Eleusia 

and Thria. " Where place is designated by mentioning both the 
country and the town, the former as the whole may be put in the geni- 
tive and may precede the latter." Crosby, § 361. E. Cf. Mt. § 321. 6. 
It was on the Thrian plain that the Athenians proposed to the Lace- 
daamonians to fight the Persians, when, under Mardonius, they had 
possession of Athens the second time. Cf. Herod. IX. 7. Leake 
(Topog. Athens, II. p. 150) thinks that the site of Thria is inculcated 
by some vestiges of antiquity on a height called Magula, on the San- 

daforo or Eleusinian Cephissus^ about three miles above Eleusis. 

UXcKTTodvaKTOs . . . ./Sao-iXe'wy. See N. on I. 107. § 2. to nKiov oviceTi 

TrpoeXSoin-cs, advancing no furtlier. In II. 21. § 1, it is is to nXelot 
ovKiTi npoeX^iaiv, v/hich seems the more preferable, since as Poppo 

remarks, valet TroppooTipa non fxaXKov. dnexc^prjcrav being bribed, 

as Plutarch says, by Pericles. 

3. 'AST/miot. . . . Sta/3aia-ey, as Plutarch says, with 50 ships and 5000 

hoplites. aWrjv^ i. e. other than the town inhabited by the Hes- 

tiaeans. 6p.o\oyia KaTeaTfjo-avTo, they settled hy treaty^ i. e. they 

adjusted the diflBculties on terms of mutual agreement. 'Y,aTLcuds 

. . . Ja-xop. Plutarch says that the reason of this severity was, that 
the Hestiseans had captured an Athenian ship and put the crew to 
death. But perhaps it resulted, iu part at least, from motives of 
policy, a twofold object being had in view, viz. to deter by an exam- 
ple of one town, the rest of the Euboeans from any attempt to gain 
their independence; and by placing colonists of their own in tlie 
town selected for punishment, to secure a footing on the island in case 
of another rebellion. For the form of the accusative 'Ea-Tiiias^ cf. Mt. 
§ 83. Ohs. 1. avTol^ i. e. the Athenians. 



Chap. CXV.] NOTES. 379 



CHAPTER CXV. 

nirty years' peace is concluded between the Athenians and Peloponnesians (§ 1) ; a wai 
breaks out between the Samians and Milesians, in which the latter being worsted caU 
upon the Athenians for aid (§ 2) ; in obedience to which call the Athenians proceed to 
Sainos, establish democracy, and having taken hostages sail away (§ 3) ; some of the 
Samians belonging to the aristocracy cross over to the continent, and having concerted 
measures with their friends on the island, and with Pissuthnes the governor of Sardis, 
return to Samos by night (§ 4), and having overcome the democratical party, and got 
possession of their hostages in Lemnos, openly revolt from the Athenians (§ 5). 

1. a-TTovbas. The thirty years' truce was made a. o. 445. tovs 

^vfxixdxovs of the Lacedaemonians. uTroSoi/rey, restoring to inde- 
pendence, or more probably, to tlie Peloponnesian confederacy. 

'Axatav. There is some doubt whether this refers to the country of 
Achaia, or to some town of the same name. Goeller adopts the latter 
of these opinions, on the ground that it stands connected with the 
names of towns, and that Cleon could never have asked as he did (IV. 
21), that the Lacedcemonians should give back to Athens the country 
of Achaia, over which the Lacedaemonians had no control. He there- 
fore thinks that it was some town of which the Athenians had taken 
possession, and which they now stipulated to give back. This opinion 
of Goel. is cited approvingly by Poppo (Suppl. Adnot. p. 142). Miil- 
ler is cited by Goel. as understanding by it some small town of Megara. 
But I find nothing in Miiller's Hist, of the Dorians, on this point, ex- 
cept the following note (I. p. 212): "Achaia is the district on the 
north of Peloponnesus, which indeed did not belong to Athens, but 
was enumerated in the lists of the contending parties as belonging to 
the Athenian side, and at this time passed over to that of the Lacedas- 
monians." Arnold says that there can be no reasonable doubt, that 
Thucydides refers here to the country of Achaia in Peloponnesus. 
Such also is the opinion of Haack and Bloomf., and seems to be the 
true one. UiKoirovvrjo-iiov depends on ravra. 

2. eKTco Se eVei of the thirty years' truce, i. e. a. o. 440. Olymp. 85. 
Some chronologists fix the date of the event here mentioned at a. o. 
441. Olymp. 84. 4, and this computation Poppo follows, who affixes 
the date a. o. 440 (i. e. the year following the revolt) to the expedition 

of Pericles narrated in I. 116. Upirjvrjs^ Priene^ a town of Ionia, 

nearly east of Samos and not far from Miletus. It was in the vicinity 
of the Pan-Ionic temple, the sacred rites of which it administered. 



380 NOTES. [Book 1 

and hence acquired considerable importance. Karf^ocov rav 2a- 

fxia)v^ inveighed against the Samians. ^vven^Xaixf^dvovroy took 

part with the Milesians. av^pes IbicoTai, private persons^ i. e. in- 

dividoals of the Samians, who had no hand in the government which 
was aristocrat] cal. This will account for their intrigues in favor of 

the Milesians, whose government was democratical. pearepicrai 

^ovXofievoi rrjv nokireiav, wishing to revolutionize the government^ i. e. 
to introduce the democratical form of government. Of. dep-oKpariap 
Karearijaau^ in the next section. 

3. nXeva-avres ovv ^K^r^vaioi is '2dp.ov. Plutarch says that the Sa- 
mians, being commanded by the Athenians to cease from hostilities, 
refused to obey, whereupon a descent was made upon their island by 
Pericles. There is no need of attributing this war in behalf of the 
Milesians to the influence of Aspasia, inasmuch as it was the policy of 
Athens to side with democratical governments in their contests with 

such as were aristocratical. ofifjpovs. . . .aybpas. Diod. says that 

eighty talents were also exacted from the Samians. is AtJ[ivov. 

This island was subject to the Athenians. ^povpav iyKaraKmovTes 

in Samos. Of. § 6 infra. 

4. TOiV hi. 2a/iia)i', rjcrav yap nves = ol be 2a/itot, ^crav yap rives 
efceiVwj/, the principal word»(2ajut&)i/) of the main proposition being 
attracted and governed by nvis in the dependent clause. Of. Mt. 
§ 630. h ; K. § 324. R. 2. See N . on I. 72. § 1. Pvender rS>u Se 2a- 
ulav, the Samian exiles^ inasmuch as they were those ot ecjivyop is ttjv 

fJTieLpov. iv Tjj TToXei of the Samians. toIs SuvarcoTarois, i, e. 

the aristocratical party. 6s elxe 2apSet? roVe. Pissuthnes is call- 
ed satrap by Diod. iniKovpovs. Bloomf. thinks that these were 

mercenaries sent by Pissuthnes, but paid by the Samian exiles. 

bii^-qo-av refers to the subject contained in rwv 8e 'Zap.iav. vtto 

vvKxa in order to conceal their movements. 

5. rw br)p.(o inave(rTr](rav, they rose up against the democratical 

party. iKparrjcrav twv irXelaTdiV. Diod. sa^'S pablios iKparrjcrav 

rrjs 2a/iov, Ka\ rovs dvrnrpaTTOirras avrois i^i^aXov e< rrjs noXeoos. 

iKKXiyjravTfs^ bringing away 'by stratagem^ removing by stealth. 

anicrrqo-av., SC. t5>v 'A?ir}vaicov. rovs . . . .crc^icnv^ i.e. the officers 

having command of the garrison. eVt. . . .arpaTeveiv in order to 

put down democracy in that city also. Bv^dvrLoi. Byzantium fell 

under the Athenian control, after the Lacedaemonians retired from 
the command of the-allies (cf. I. 96. § 1), but still retained its Doric 
customs and laws, and hence its readiness to unite in the support of 
the aristocratical form of government. 



Chap. CXVI] NOTES. 381 



CHAPTER CXVI. 

The Athenians sail to Samos with 60 ships, sixteen of which being detached from tte fleet 
with the remainder they obtain a victory over the Samian fleet consisting of 70 shipa 
(§1); afterwards being reinforced by 40 ships from Athens, and 25 from Lesbos an 
Chios, they malie a descent upon Samos, and invest the city with a triple wall and block- 
ade it by sea (§ 2) ; Pericles taking 60 ships from the blockading fleet sails for the Carian 
coast, having received intelligence of the approach of the Phoenician fleet (§ 3). 

1. fVt 2a/xou. See N. on I. 30. § 2. is TrpoaKonrjv, foT a re- 

connoitering. TrepiayyeXXouo-ai. Repeat ervxov olxofxevai from the 

preceding clause. The present participle instead of the future is some- 
times put after verbs of motion, when the action of the participle is 
contemporaneous with that of the finite verb. Of. Mt. § 566. 6; S. 
§ 225. 5. nepiayyeWovo-ai corresponds to es TrpoaKonrjv in the first 

'nember. TlepiKXeovs SeKarov (rTparrjyovvTos (see N. on I. 46. § 2). 

j.^mong these was Sophocles the tragic poet. Cf. MiiU. Lit. Anc. 
Greece, p. 338. Tpayta, Tragia^ an island near Lesbos, and prob- 
ably so called from having once abounded in goats. arpaTLcoTibes^ 

military transports^ employed solely for the purpose of conveying 
troops from one place to another, and from their inefficiency never 
used in battle, except in emergencies. Cf; Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. 
Antiq. p. 878. 

2. Xiav. . . .e'lKOcri. See at 8'. . . .j8or;3etj/, § 1 SUpra. relx^ai. 

I am disposed to explain this, fortijications^ forts, since it is hardly 
conceivable that the Athenians threw up these walls all around tho 
city, when two would have answered all the purposes of circumvalla- 
tion and contravallation. So the Schol. explains reixfo-i by Teixia-fxaai. 

3. dno rSiv ic{}oppovcra>v, from the hlockading squadron. The parti- 
tive genitive is here defined more distinctly by otto. Cf. Mt. § 822. 

Ohs. 1. This use of the preposition is however quite rare. eVi 

. . . .Kapt'as-, towards Caunus and Carta, "towards Caunus as the spot 
where he especially expected to fall in with the enemy ; but also to- 
wards Caria generally, because he could not be certain at what par- 
ticular place he might find them." Arnold. iaayy^k'^lvraiv (so, 

Tav Trpayp-dTcav), information deing received. See N. on I. 74. § 1 (init.). 

^TTja-ayopas. This was a Samian, which fact furnishes a key to 

the sentence. eVl ras ^oivla-a-as, for the Phoenician fleet, i. e. to 

bring it to the assistance of the Samians. The preposition here de- 
notes purpose, design. Cf. K. § 296. IIL 3. a. 



382 NOTiiS. [Book 1 



CHAPTER CXVII. 

la the absence of tliis part of the blockading fleet, the Samians make a snccessfal sally, and 
remain masters of their own seas for fourteen days (§ 1) ; but Pericles returning and a 
fresh reinforcement arriving from Athens, they agaiu suffer a blockade (§ 2), and in th 
ninth month are forced to surrender and give up their fleet to the Athenians (§ 3). 

1. iv Tovra, at this time^ i. e. during the absence of Pericles (1. 116. 
8). eKTvKovv from their port. d(f>pdKTco ra oTpaToirehco^ the 

unguarded camp^ refers to the naval camp pitched on the shore in 
front of the ships which were drawn up on the land. This camp was 
usually fortified, but seems here to have been left unguarded. The 
consequence was, as Arnold justly remarks, that when the look-out 
ships were taken, the enemy landed and attacked the ships drawn up 

on the shore, without being opposed by any artificial defence. 

rds T€ 7rpo(})v\aKLdas vavs^ the guard-ships, i. e. vessels moored at a 
distance from the main fleet, and ready manned to check any sudden 
attack, until the other ships could be launched and prepared for 
action. Arnold remarks that " when the look-out ships were taken, 
the Athenians had no other resource but to launch their ships in haste, 
and endeavor to meet them before they could land ; and this being 
done in confusion, and the ships being launched and brought into 
action separately and in small^ parties, they were successively over- 
powered and defeated." rrjs koS' iavrovs, that which was near tf 

them = neighdoring. icreKOfitaavro koL e^eKofiiaaPTo, i. e. they had 

in respect to their port, free ingress and egress. 

2. eX'iovTos be UepiicKeovs. Cf. I. 116. § 3. QovKv^ldov. Kot 

Thucydides the historian, but the son of Milesias and rival of Pericles. 

3. vavfiaxiav fiev riva ^pax^lav. "Perliaps that in which Aristot. 

ap. Plut. says Fericles was defeated." Bloomf. e^enoXiopKrj^ijaav, 

were taTcen. It is said by Diod. that Pericles reduced this place by 
means of battering rams and other warlike machines, which he first 
invented and used. It is generally conceded, however, that Artemon 
of Clazomena) was the inventor of these warlike machines. Bloomf. 
thinks that the city was taken by famine, and that Pericles employed 
his leisure time in making experiments upon military machines, and 
that thus the story of his invention of these, and his taking the city by 

means of them, took its rise. xpht^^"^^ "^^ ai/aXcoSeVra, amounting, 

according to Diodorus, to 200 talents. But this estimate must have 
been far too small, since the greater part of the time, there were era 



Chap. CXVIIL] ^ NOTES. 383 

ployed accordiug to this account of Thucydides not less than 199 tri 
remes ; and Isocrates (de Antidosi, p. 69) and Nepos (Timoth. 1) say 

that 1200 talents were expended on this war. kuto. xpovovs, at 

stated times. The plural is used with certain abstracts considered in 
the plurality of their parts. K. § 243. 3 (3). Kara is here used dis- 
tributively. K. § 292. II. 3. d. 



CHAPTER CXVIII. 

The rising power of tlie Atlienians remained nnchecked by the Lacedaemonians, partly on 
account of their natural slowness of action, and partly on account of their domestic dis- 
sensions (§§ 1, 2) ; after they decide that the treaty is broken, they consult the Delphic 
oracle from which they receive a favorable response (§ 3). 

1. The thread of the history is now resumed from I. 88. ov noX- 
Xots erea-iv (S. § 204). The thirty years' truce was entered upon a. c. 
445 ; and the dispute between the Corinthians and Corcyrasans arose 
A. c. 436. This would make it about four years after the reduction of 
Samos that the events (rd re KepKvpa'iKo) narrated in chaps. 24-55, 
took place, and eight years before the Potidaean war (chaps. 66-66). 
oa-a irpoipacns. The Schol. says that reference is had to the pro- 
fanity of Cylon (I. 126), and the treason of Pausanias (I. 128 et seq.). 

2. ravra. . . .'^EWtjvrjs — iyevero^ l)ut all these things which the 

Greeks did — toolc place. iv off, i. e. in the fifty years. /na- 

Xiora. See N. on I. 54. § 2. iyKparea-Tepav Karea-TrjaravTo^ had es- 
tablished more firmly. avro\ Sumjuew?, they themselves had 

reached a high degree of power = had 'become very poicerful. For the 
construction of eVl p.iya — hvvaixeoas^ see N". on is tovto dvdyKtjs, I. 49. 

§ 7. atVSo'/iei/oi, although they perceived (see N. on I. 7. § 1) the 

increase of Athenian power. ouVe — re, neque — et^ not — and. K. 

§ 321. 2. d. ei p.r] iivX ^paxv-, except for a short time^ '-'-for short 

intervals.'''' Bloomf. — *^ rb nXeov tov xpdvov. " Magis Thucydideum 
videtur t6v nXeova sen irXect) rov xpdvov. Nostrum tamen non falsum." 

Poppo. Cf. m. § 442. 3. 7rp6 rov. See K on I. 32. § 4. 

ufj raxels (cf. Mt. § 608. 5. e) i? defined by Uvai is rovf TroXepovs^ not 

hasty to go^ etc. ovres taxes the time of r](TvxaCov (S. § 211. 1), 

and hence is followed by dvayKd^oivro in the optative (S. § 212. 3). 
which here denotes indefinite frequency (see N. on I. 49. § 3), except 
when they were compelled ly necessity. to i^eipyopevoi^ arid in 



384 NOTES. . [Book! 

some measure leing pre'cented ly wars at Jiome. One of these domes- 
tic wars was the Messenian (I. 101-103), and that carried on with tho 

Arcadians. Cf. Miill. Dorians, I. p. 212. %p\v S77, until at length 

(Jelf' s Kiihn. § 720. 2. d), is to be constructed after i]a-vxaCov. . . .xP^' 

vov, the words ovres e^eipyofxevoL being parenthetic. ttjs |u/i- 

fiaxias = raiv ^vfifxaxcov, the abstract being put for the concrete. Cf. Mt. 

§ 429. 1. avTci)V = 'A'ir]vaici>v. ovKeri dvatrx^Tov iiroiovvro^ they 

thought it no longer endurable. imx^Lprjrea. We should have ex 

pected the singular, but cf. Mt. §443. 1. After emxeiprjTea elvai supply 
avTols referring to the Athenians, that they should de taTcen in hand = 

should go to war with them. koX Ka^aiperia tj Icrxvs, and that 

their power must he put down. dpapivots depends on avrois un- 
derstood, which pronoun depends on edoKci and refers to the Lacedae- 
monians. 

3. buyvoiOTo {it was decided) cnrovbas. Cf. I. 87. §§ 2, 4, . 

et (sc. avTois) TroXefiovcriv afietvov ea-rai^ whether it would be for their 
advantage to go to war. The participle is used as a complement after 
certain expressions (mostly impersonal), e. g. it is Jit, useful, projlta- 
Me, good, etc., although the infinitive might be employed with equal 
correctness. Cf. K. § 310. 4. i ; Mt. § 555. Ohs. 2. apieivop has the force 

of the positive. See N. on ;(6ipous', I. 95. § 7. Kara Kpdros, with 

all their might. Ka\- avros aKkrjros. How in their judgment 

the god fulfilled his promise appears in II. 54. 



CHAPTER CXIX. 

1*lie Lacedaemonians refer to the assembled allies the question, whether there shall be an 
immediate declaration of war against the Athenians, to which a majority reply in the 
affirmative, after which the Corinthians address tho assembly in favor of that measure (§ 1). 

1. av^is TrapaKokea-avres. Cf. I. 87. §4. t^s ^vp-p-axias. 

See K. on I. 118. §2. cIttov a i^ovkovro = spolce their minds; 

literally, spoTce what they chose. ol nXeiovs, the majority, is in par- 
titive apposition with ot re aXXoi (see N. on I. 89. § 3). Notice that 
it is here accompanied by a participle. Cf. Xen. Cyr. III. 1. § 25. 

Sc??3ej/rey— coo-re -^rjcfiLa-acr^Sai. See N. on I. 34. § 3. Kara 

TToXets, city after city. Reference is had of course to the deputies of 

these cities. iS/a, apart from. koX rore Ka\ reXeuraiot, thsse 

also last at this time as before. Cf. I. 67. § 5. 



Chap, CXX.1 NOTES. 3B5 



CHAPTERS CXX.— CXXIV. 

The oration of the Corinthians, which is given to us in these chapters, 
has four general divisions; 1, the justice of the proposed war (chaps. 120, 
121. § 1) ; 2, the probability of a successful issue (chaps. 121. § 2 — 122. § 1) ; 
3, its utility and consentaneousness with the previous customs and habits 
of the Peloponnesians (chap. 122. §§ 2-4); 4, the necessity of speedy and 
vigorous action (chaps. 123, 124). In the manner of the Greek rhetoricians, 
it may be said that the rh SiKaLou, rb Swardv, and rb ffvfKp^pov are proved, 
and then is added the -rrapaiuea-eis. The oration has strong points of re- 
semblance to the preceding one spoken by the Corinthians (I. 68-71), beingf 
vehement, exciting, full of hostility to the Athenians, and breathing the 
spirit of war. 



CHAPTER CXX. 

The Corinthians praise the Lacedsemonians for their determination to go to war, and thus 
acting as became the ruling state in the confederacy (§ 1) ; the necessity of going to war, 
which presses upon the maritime states, bears with equal force upon the inland districts, 
because the interchange of commodities will suffer interruption, and the war itself will 
soon reach those states (| 2) ; wherefore war ought to be declared, since it is tbo part of 
prudent men to remain at peace, unless when wronged, and of brave men suflfering 
wrong to go to war (§ 8) ; indolence in repelling injury and insolence on account of suc- 
cess are alike injurious (§ 4) ; for many things turn out diflPerent from what was expect- 
ed, inasmuch as the confidence and energy with which plans are formed, are not equalled 
in their execution (§ 5). 

1. ovK av en alTia(rai[X€?ia. This they had done in their first ora- 
tion (cf. I. 68, et seq.). cos ^wrj-yayov, as if (= as we should 

censure them if) they had not decreed the war, and convened usjbr this 
very purpose (viz. that we should declare war). This use of as ou, 
although unusual, is quite natural, and disencumbers the sentence of 

all difficulty. xPl 7"P- The ellipsis may be supplied : had they 

done otherwise we could rightly have blamed them, for it is the 

duty, etc. to. viyLovras, conducting their private affairs on an 

equality (with their inferiors), i. e. in the administration of their pri- 
vate aflfairs, being on an equal footing with others, and showing their 
pre-eminence by providing for the public welfare (to. koivo. irpoa-KOTrflv). 

(ocrnep. . . .TrpoTifioovTai. In addition to the parallel sentiment, 

which Abresch finds in the words of Sarpedon (Hom. U. 12. 315), 

Bloomf. very aptly cites Xen. Anab. III. 1. § 37. ev oXKols, in 

17 



386 NOTES. [BookI 

other things. The Schol. says iv Trpoedpla koI rois toiovtols. eV 

TtavToiv = VTTcp navras. Schol. 

2. T]ii<iov. . . .avTovsi '^^ such of lis as have had intercourse with 
(i. e. have traflficked with) the Athenians^ have no need of instruction 
to ie on our guard against them, ocroi = roaovroL ocroi. The verb 

ivr^Xkayqcrav has the middle signification. ti]v fieo-oyeiav depends 

on KaTcpKrjuevovs = KaraKtjKoTas^ those who inhaMt (Mt. § 496. 6). In 
V TToptp KaTcoKTjiievovs the passive signification is to be resumed, those 
who are settled in^ who dwell in. ttjv jieaoyeiav is opposed to toIs 

KuTco^ and refers to those states in the interior of Peloponnesus. 

fxaXXou Koi p.rj. See N. on kol. . . .TrXeoj', I. 74. § 3. iv Tropw, in 

the passage-way^ i. e. on the sea- coast {iv rrj napaXa. Schol.) So we 
call the sea, the high way of commerce. The orator has especial refer- 
ence to Corinth. Cf. I. 7. § 13. rjv fir}, unless. ttjv KaraKo- 

pibfjv, the conveying down to the sea-shore for the purpose of exporta- 
tion. It is opposed to dirriXrjyj/iv. tcov oipaloiv, SC. rcov Kapnuiv. 

Q)v = iKeivav a, of which the relative depends on dlbcocri. t^ 

rjirdpa refers here to the inland region as opposed to the maritime 

coast. The word has a similar use in I. 142. § 5 ; IV. 102. § 4. 

KUKovs Kpirds, careless judges, as are those who feel no personal inter- 
est in the object of consideration. as /xt) Trpoa-qKovrcov = as akXo- 

rpicdv, p.T]biv els to (rvficfiepov avTcov tklvovtcov. Poppo. elvai. Re- 
peat xP^ from tlie preceding context. et to. Kara) npooivro, if 

they desert (leave in the lurch. Liddell and Scott) the maritime states. 

Bekker reads npoelvro, in which he is followed by Arnold. &v in 

Kav belongs to TrpoeXSeii/. S. § 215. 5. ovx rjaa-ov, SC rjpicov. 

3. SioTrep, wherefore, i. e. in consequence of the danger which 

threatens them in common with the maritime states. avrovs refers 

to the inland states. rov .... fxeraXapL^dveiv, to talce in exchange 

war for peace. The verb depends on plt} oKvelv {not to hesitate). Cf. 

K. § 306. 1. a. dvbpoiv — coTiV. S. § 190. d fifj ddiKolvro. 

The more usual form would have been el p.rj dbiKovvrai. rjo-vxd^eip 

is the subject of ia-ri dya'icov. Supply dvbpcov and repeat iari. 

dbiKovfjievovs stands for dBiKovfievav, it being made to conform 

grammatically with the omitted subject of noXefxelv. Cf. K. § 307. 
R. 2. iK fxeu elpr)VT)s iroXepielv, to exchange peace for war; liter- 
ally, to enter upon war fro)n a state of peace, iK being here used to 
denote the immediate consequence or proceeding of one thing from 

another. Cf. K. § 288. 2 (2) ; Mt. § 574. ed de jrapaaxov, hut 

when an opportunity offers, " quum opportunum est.''"' Mt. § 564, Sed 

N. on Tvaparvxdv, I. 76. § 2. ck TroXe/xou. See N". on eK fiev elprj- 

m]s supra. |ufi^^i/ai, to come to terms, to become friends. — - 



Chap. CXX.] NOTES. 3g7 

cTraipea'^ai and d8iKe7a^ai have the same construction as TioXefiuv and 
^vfi^rjvai^ tlie subject, however, as it appears from fjbofievov, being 

changed to the singular. rw rjavx^co denotes the ground or reason 

of the mental state expressed in rj^ofievov (by deing pleased. See N. on 

I. 9. § 1). Of. K. § 285. 1 (1). ddiKela'^ai, " i. e. se offendi patV 

Poppo. 

4. o T€ — oKvoov = (Kelvos OS o/cm. rdxicTT av dcfiaipe^ieir), will 

quicMy le deprived. For the use of the optative, see IST. on I. 71. § 5. 

The protasis may be found in d rja-vxdCoi. paa-Tavrjs, " otii^ iner- 

tim.'''' Poppo. TO repTTvop depends on d(f)aipe?i€ir], which in the 

active voice is folio Aved by two accusatives (S. § 184. 1), and some- 
times by the accusative and genitive. o re nXeovd^aiv in con- 
sequence of its opposition to 6 re. . . .okvcov^ Poppo translates, qui in 
tello felici successu frequentius utitur. But the sense, required by 
the context (cf. p-tire. . . .inalpea-'^aL^ § 3 supra) as well as by the anti- 
thesis, is best preserved in the translation, he who is overlearing on ac- 
count of his success in wai\ or he who presumes on his good fortune in 
war. This translation harmonizes also with cTraipofxepos^ which is 
evidently a varied repetition of the idea contained in nXeovd^cav. 
Haack without any good reason constructs TrXeovd^oiv with eV TroXe/no). 

eWeSu/ij/rai (present in signification) — enaiponevos (Mt. § 549. 3) 

= ivTe'^vp.r]Tai, on iTvaiperai. K. § 310. 3. 4. a. 

5. yap introduces a reason why no one should be elated by that 
which may prove disastrous in the end. The success which attends 
an enterprise is no certain evidence that it was well planned, nor want 
of success, that the plans were not well laid, since these plans often 
are afiected favorably or otherwise by the counter operations of the 
enemy. To rely, therefore, on past successes is to be buoyed up by 

a false confidence. Ka<a)S yvcoa^evra^ hadly planned. a/3ovXore- 

pa>v. . . .KaTa)p?ia>?irj, have turned out successful iy being formed against 
(literally, meeting icith) enemies more ill-advised. Haack, Bothe, 
and Goeller retain the vulgar reading ruxoira, but Bekker, Poppo, 
Arnold, and Bloomf. (in his last edition) adopt tvxovtcov as the genu- 
ine reading. The MS. authority is divided equall}^, but the Schol. 
reads Tvxovra. "With tuxovtohv as the reading, it will be necessary to 

supply ovTcov. See IST. on I. 32. § 3. koI a, and there are still 

more which. Supply iarl after TrXeco. "Si a abesset, concinnior 

esset oratio." Haack. ey tovvuvtIov — TrepteoT?;, " in contrariam 

partem conversa sunt.'''' Gottl. cited by Poppo. ev'^vfielrai. ... 

iire^ipX^TaL^ for the activity with which plans are carried into execu- 
tion, is not equal to the confidence with which they are formed :=for 
the confidence in one's plans and their actual execution are very dis- 



388 ^ KOTES [Book I 

similar; literally, for no one plans with x^^jUmmcc in like manner as 
he in fact executes. The antithesis of thiu diffi/iult and much discussed 
clause, lies evidently in iu?ivfielTai t^ TriVret and epyco ene^ep^^eTai^ 
and not as Poppo and Goeller suppose, in iv^vjifiTaL and epyw e-n-e^ep' 
X^Tai^ the words rrj nla-Td pertaining to both members. The order 
of the words hardly admits of this, nor is any argument furnished, as 
they suppose, from the following context, aKKa .... iWeLTropev, but the 
very contrary. The comparison lies between the confidence of sue 
cess with which plans are formed, and their realization. dXka. ...eX 
XeiiToixev denotes the reason or ground of the dissimilarity spoken of, 
viz. that plans are devised in a state of security (jier d(r<pa\€Las)^ but 
in a measure fail in their execution through the influence of fear (jxera 

deovs). 6fjio7a (= 6/ioico?) and koi are to be joined in construction 

=jpariter ac. Poppo and Goel. read opola on the authority of Reiske, 

but there is no substantial reason for this. do^d^ofxev is a varied 

repetition of iv^vyLciraL. yLcra deovs stands opposed to fieT da(j)a- 

Xeias^ and as the latter signifies a state of security^ I am inclined 
with Bloomf. to take pcTo. 8eovs in the general sense of, in a situation 

calculated to inspire terror. iXK€L7rop.€v, sc. hv eVeSv/xov/xfSa from 

the context. 



CHAPTER CXXI. 

The Corinthians express their readiness to lay down their arms, after having avenged their 
wrongs (§ 1) ; the prospects of success on the part of the allies are highly encouraging 
(§ 2) ; a navy can be raised from their private resources, and the public treasures depos- 
ited at Delphi and Olympia, and this they can man with seamen hired from abroad after 
the manner of the Athenians (§ 3) ; practice in nautical affairs will enable them in time 
to rival the Athenians in this respect, while in natural courage they will always remain 
their superiors, and this will ensure them the victory (§ 4) ; their resources must bo 
provided by contributions, which no one will refuse to furnish in so just a cause, espe- 
cially, when it is remembered that contributions are made by the states confederated 
with tho Athenians for their own enslavement (§ 5). 

1. Having laid down some general principles, which should regu 
late the redress of grievances, the Corinthians now proceed to show 
their readiness to act in accordance with these principles. They take 
up arms because they have suffered injury (ddiKovfxevoi. See N". on I. 
9. § 4), but when their wrongs are duly avenged, they are ready to 
cease from war. t6v noXepop iycipofxev^ we engage in war ; liter- 
ally, we excite war. The expression is poetical, being borrowed, aa 
some think, from Horn. II. 11. 213. eV /catpaJ, at the proper time. 

2. Poppo well remarks, that witli this section the chapter should 
bave commenced, since tho first section belongs to the preceding 



Chap. CXXI.] NOTES. 389 

chapter, which < o.iif.ins the to hUaiov. See remarks on the general 
plan and divisions of the oration. Kara ttoXXo, for many reasons^ on 
many accounts. Sorao of these reasons are given in what follows. 

 TrXT^Sei. .. .TToAe/jiK^. We are told by Archidamus (I. 81. §1) 

that the Peloponnesians relied upon these things. TrpovxovTas^ because 

we excel (see N. on I. 9. § 4), conforms in case with rjiids. ofiolas 

,...U !$•, because ue shall all alilce render obedience to orders. Of 
II. 11. 5, 9. The translations of this passage are very diverse, and some 
commentators have taken no notice of it. The translation here given 
seems to satisfy the verbal demands, and how characteristic in the 
Doric armies was the obedience spoken of, is known to all. 

3. vavTLKov depends om e^apTva-ofj-e^a^ and constitutes the third 
gi'ound of success advanced by the speaker. The order is npcorov fxep 

— €7f€LTa — re. Icrxvovcnv refers to the Athenians. eKaa-Tois 

depends on vnapxovo-rjS' S. § 201. 3. In respect to the resources 
(pvaias) here spoken of, cf. I. 80. § 4, where Archidamus asserts that 
the Peloponnesians were even mere deficient in treasures than in ships. 

€v Ae\(j)o7s. Bloomf. thinl s that in consequence of the thirty 

years' truce, Delphi was again brought under the Lacedaemonian in- 
fluence. §ai/eio-/xa. Money Cfiuld be borrowed from these sacred 

treasuries, but only in cases of urgency, and on condition of their 

being faithfully repaid. fiei^ovt, than was paid by the Athenians. 

Tovs $€vovs — uav^aras refers not, as Bloomfield thinks, to seamen 

enlisted from the Euxine, Thrace, Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, Africa, 
and Italy, #,s no mention is made of these barbarians in the Athenian 
fleet, but to those drawn by superior pay from the maritime states 

and islands friendly to the Athenians. yap implies an ellipsis : 

and this is practicable, for the Atheman (naval) forces are mercenary 

rather than native. rj he ^rd'^o^, hit ours would be subject in a 

less degree to this, i. e. the Peloponnesians having comparatively few 
mercenaries in their service, would be less liable to the mischiefs re- 
sulting from the employment of such forces, such as defection in the 
time of battle, treacherous intercourse Vfith. the enemy, and desertion 
to the highest bidder. This appears from the next sentence, where it 
is said, that the Peloponnesian strength consisted in persons {tols 
o-co/xao-t) rather than in money (rots xpr]p.a<Tt), i. e. in native troops 
rather than in the wealth which would enable them to employ for-eign 
mercenaries. bvvap.is is to be supplied with r]p.e%-epa. 

4. Having thus shown how a naval force could be created, the 
speaker proceeds to show the comparative effect on the parties of /he 
loss of engagement. p.ia. . . .dXt'o-Koj/rat, in a siKgU Hctory gair^.d 

\ over them hy sea, they most likely will be conquere^^ \ . o. unable Iti 



390 NOTES. [Book! 

prosecr^te tlio war any further. The Schol. assigns as the reason for 
this, that the Athenians had no land forces adequate to repair a defeat 
by sea, while the Peloponnesian forces, if conquered in a naval en- 
gagement, were still strong on land. akiaKovrai, is used for the future 
to designate certainty of event. S. § 211. N". 4; K. § 255. R. 4. — — 
dvTicrxoiev, should they hold out against us, i. e. be able to carry on 
the war after a defeat. There is such a marked antithesis, that I am 
almost inclined to regard avrlcrxoiev^ as euphemistically used for should 
they