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Full text of "The history of Pike County, Missouri : an encyclopedia of useful information, and a compendium of actual facts"

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3 1833 01064 2855 

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A^ ENCYCLO?Kf)lA OF USFftL INiOllMATiON, ANH a CO;[p'':N[»nj^i 

OF ACTlfAL i\lCT^. 

A coxf)KX>>:(» h,'^>toi;y ok tu!;: s'r.\T:: or mt joiki .*:%;> ly.-^ ciauf Ciix- 

AX AHSTlLii'T '}F THE La\'.'.S OF MI-5SOriU: A llEi .T ABLE iJr.5Tn::T OF I'iKK 

COUNTY--n:< l.FJiAL. I'OLITIOAL, Orfi<(AL, ANT' u AK i(i>10r:V: A 

.SKETCU Ol TDK r.CNOH AXL» iiAlv; Tjrt MiiDtOAI, F.i{ ATV.KXJTT ; TiTi-: 

OLD LAU'E' <JF I'lKK OoL'S'TY; ' ~'. 5J(:)OL:S CHi:KCin> : TirK 

PKKs^; MAri;i:;AL SMiouKtss ako ohx::ral J\r^<!Vncr.s; 

' ' . , illOriUAPiriCAL SKETCHES; IXCIOr.XT.-:-. ETC., ^TO. 


DF^s .Mo::\»:, rnv.i : 
MILLS & C^»Mi'A\Y 

r V 

I ^ . 


loviov tickle tho literary pMatcs of th. a«U,et!e Bostoni...... ami supi.Iy | 

ho taMos of a portion of the royalty ot Europe. D..ring the prese„t seaso,,. | 

.ith ..nlv a partial crop in the e.onnty, the township has after ro.ervn,, an | 

r; ndan e tor ho:ne u.e and .oiling ,he inferior apples to the iaetory. 

t^Z not !e.. than forty .l,ou,and i>ar,-cK the proceeds o. arc re- | 

tnrned to cn.i di the ],rosperous K2BGSZ I 


^ .1 - .rv-o of beauty =^nd of weaUh is the luxuriant J^nd nutritious J 
- „r^^^d;h o,;ntr,bn. so lar.Cy to the sapply of '^^d tor the , on^an s 
of thorou.-.h-hreds and graded oattie which ro:..u, tl,e p.a,n» .,, .a.un.e . 
B,„ t."r here springs .pontaneonsiy fro,n ti,e soil eon.tUote. wuh 
^;:;;the principal pasturage, and hundreds of ----^ J -«-;^;;: -; 
,0 are annnaliy sent to n.rhet tatted ".- ^ J^ ^ , 7;,: '^ov: 1 
forests are tirst cut away, the .■,, w th n„ J.-s „ | 

^.ith garn^ents of living green, the naked torn, of the v.rgu, earth, an .p- . 

.ply ^^dth their gentle beauty the loss of the forest's nob.e grandeur. . 

-' ' \ ■ SPRINGS, ETC. 

Tl,.^ wate.- supply of the township is abundant, ft.r what the streams m^, 
. ," . f i ,0 „.ive tS. sr.rir.irs will vieid or the wells and poinls be 

'" a"t-: ::i Wl^Hl^'to-'^i^P was-drst settled it ..s 
:: 1 :;::;. even with the aid of ,he forhed switch and .he wa.r 

; 01 and a few bold spring, then frecp..ently snppl.ea ti- wa:.t. 
: horhood. Latterly this condition of things has cln-.-'; --^ - 

vhlre once water could not he found, it gushes lortl, as read a 

dantly as it did from the rock at lioreb ,ipon the ot the g> .a. , . 

ish lawgiver. 


U,„ierlyin.- the surface of the earth, at a depth easily accessible, in n.any 1 
' t^',elownship are larg., and valuable beds of J'"-'--^-™; \ 
^Tr,.t, h,.ve been utilized in the manufacture of lime. There ,s a »o a .ea^ 
lead f potter's elav underlying the surtaee at ClarksvUle wh.h has e n 
: Lunce!! by experts to be e,„a, -o that of I.Uuois out ot w a- e.«.! • 

;..„■. has been made, and one, a»n,eut, ta..d,a, -t n t 
; • ,ess, expressed the convieti,. that ware .,ua, to tuat -J^^-;;' 
,„. .dght bo produced here. Wd.., oar ---« ;;--;- ^ ^^^„^ | 
luu>: been applied to tii^^ elinunatiou u. =aL, t... o.^-ci. ^ 



'.*•.'■:'■■ '» 


-^vr^'. 4 :^,>' <'/^-^-i7 .f^i,^^ 


tlic clajs of the western states, Calumet may take her place in line with the 
other districts that will tlien successfully compete with the best European 
pottery and the finest English <jneens\vare. J'redicLions wilder than these 

have been veriticd iu this wonderful valley of the Mississippi, and many [ 

who read this history will yet v/itnc^s such efforts in tliis direction as will i 
induce them to acce})t thete declarations as the voice of pro|)hccy. An 

abundance of excellent building stone in the township, prominently the ; 

quarry of jMr. TTu!. A. Forgey, near the line of tlie C, B. v,^- Q. It'y, and .j 

wliich is destined at an early day to meet the growing demand for this char- n 

acter of material by sup])lying St. Louis with fouridations and ca])stoue3 for 5 

the residences of her citizens or tl\e huge business structures hereafter to be ^^ 

erected. Brick clay of superior qn*t,lity c'ln be found anywlicrc in the town- 1 

shiji, and has already been used in all the principal buildings of both the I 

town and country. t| 

.\KCn.i:oLOCTi(-.\L. -t' 

■ ' ■ 1 

It is claimed by many that in diflerent portions of the township some ; 

archaeological specimens have been found. Tluit a partial excavation of •;; 

some of the mounds discovered along the summits of the line of blutTs ad- \ 

jacont t(» the river has revealed skeletons wliich appear to have rested iu '] 

their stone-lined sejnilchre for ages tliere can be no doul;t, but wliether j 

they differ sufliciently in their size and structure from the physical organ- j 

ism of the aborigi-ie? as to induce the conviction that they are genuine j>re- ■ 

historic relics UiUst be left 10 the decision of the intelligent antiquarian. ,j 

Bortions of the frame of a rnastodon have certainly been found in diflerent '.• 

parts of the townshij), and but a few years ago two teeth and a part of the ; 

jaw-bone of one of thuee huge auuister^ were fourid in an excellent state of '1 

preservation. ()ne of these teetii is still in the possession of Dv. C. TV. -j 

Biiarr of Clarksville, where any one can see it v.-ho is curious enough to in- .j 

spect the ]::o5siblv last relic of a race of beasts whose heavy tread once shook ! 

, . ' ' " \ 

the earth. *^ 


Mo like area of territory can boast of better roads than the township of I 

Calumet. Early imbuedwith the idea that ^^-ood road> contributed largelv 1 

to ijie development of a country, her citi/.ens, led by a few enterprising spir- * j 

its, organized, under the county court, in May, 1857, the ''Clarksville, Prairie- \ 

ville, and Payuesville lload Conipany."' The length of this road is fif. 1 

teen miles, penetrating the finest portion of the tow ns-hip, and bringing to the v'j 


door of Clarlcsvjllf, tlie fliicf'town of the to\\'ii?:iu|), tlic ao-ricultmal ])roJucl8 * 
of tlic vast l-ipfypt hing m lior roar. The stock for the construction of this I 
road was subscribed, one-lialf by the county, four thousand dollars by tlie 1 
municipality of Clarksvillej a larj^e proportion of the balance by her private I 
citizens, and the remainder h\ fa'-niers reBidenc alonj.' t/ie line of the .^urvev '^ 
The first board of di roisters were x\cwton McDannold, John (). Eoberts, II. \ 
V. P. Block, Joseph Meloan, J. E. Forcjey, Peter Carr, and James T. Wil- i 
son. I 

The fir.-=t ofilci'rs were Nev,'ton McDannold, pi'esident; John O. Roberts. f 
gecretarj, and ]]. Y. P. Plock, treasurer. The contract for its construction 1 
was let to Jolm IT. Baily on the 4:th of Septeniber, 1S57, but he havini^ | 
failed, the cuutract was relet on the i^Sth of .Ai>ri], 1^58, to ^Nfichael F-ynch I 
aiid Patrick Comvay, and the road was conijduted July IG, 1860. Prior to i 
its completion, aiid as essential thereto, it became necessary to borrow money, 2 
and the board of directors, oarrie^^t in the work undertaken, in tlio interests \ 
of the people, executed tlieir individual note for the sum of ten thousand 1 
dollars. In tlio course of a few years it became necessary to procure a clmr- ! 
ter from the st.;te legi;;lature, at which time the name of the road wa?j * 
ehaniyed to Clarksville Iload Comiiiuiv. | 

There has been expended in the construction of this road -$78,305.82, and j 
in repairs 842,1:31.79, while the expenses have aggregated Klo.ol-l.ol, and ] 
the receipts for tolls have been ^S2,7'il.02. This is beyond all question one j 
of the very best roads in the state, made so by the wisdom of its managers j 
in applying the toll receipts to the keeping of the road-bed in the highest 1 
state of excellence demanded hy the vast amount of travel. Of this road | 
the people are ju.^tly proud. They pay their tolls cheerf ally, feeling that | 
they have one of the best ro'ids in the countrv, and i)enetrating one of tlie j 
finest countries on the continent. | 

'J'o Judge Nevv'ton McDannold, who surrendered at his death, some two j 
years ago, the oftlce of its ]. residency, and whose duties he so long and 
faithfully performed, to John 0. Iloberts, who has been secretary of the 
company from the date of its organization, and to whose tact and abilities 
other enterprises of even greatiT moment owe their existence, no less than 
to II. T. P. Block, until a few montlis ago the only treasurer the road ever 
had, and whose financial skill and foresighi; aided largely in brido:ing the 
chasm.s along the route of a struggling directory, is most largely due the 
success of an enterprise of incalculable benetlt to the citizens of Calumet, 
as also of inestimable advantage to the people of both Pike and Lincoln 

CAr.UMKT TcnvNsmp. 

THE oai.umi;t road. 



Another piiblio- high'A'uv oi' vast im])Oi-taiico to the ])eiTj)lc of the to\vn- 
sliip is tlie Ciihiii'.ct road, which, starting IVoin Dover (Jhiircli, seven miles 
west of" the Mississippi, M'hcrc it iutersects t!ie .LouiBi-:uia and Prairicville 
inaeadain, follows the genei-al course of the creek of that name, and finds, 
like the C, P. & P., its terniiniis in thecity of Ciarksville. This road, under 
a like organization with tiie othei', was commenced in the same year. The 
route was vablly snpoiior to that over which the first road was constructed, 
the former I'cquiring some cuts and fills, with occasional carves, to avoid 
the heaviest grades, while the latter, following the smooth and even fiurface 
of the beauliful Calnmet valk-y, is almost an air line, and well nigh as free 
from grades as. the bed of tl(e fiowing stream near whose margin it has 
been constructed. After expending about thirteen thousand dollars the 
road was ahaudontd, and not until 1SG7 was the company reorganized. At 
this time tlie directory v/as partially changed by the inti'oduction of a few 
new and live into the board, v.-iien the Eip Van Winkle nap wa.- bro- 
ken and a now impeius given to the entei'prisc. By the most strenuous ef- 
forts the new company succeeded in collecting between four thousand and 
five, thousand dollars, which being largely inadequate to the work to bo 
done, Mr. John O. J'oberts, on behalf of the company, proposed to turn 
over this amount to the county court with the understanding that thecountv 
would accept the funds and complete the road. So adroitly was the under- 
taking managed and so logically and eloquently presented to the learned 
bench that, much to the surprise of both the road company and the people, 
the court did accept the proj>osition and soon, thereafter completed the road. 
A few were inclined to complain at the action of the court, believinor that 
one township was thus made the recipieni of benefits which could not be 
disi)ensed to all. .Bat when it is remembered tiiat the country through 
which the road was built contributes almost as much to the revenue of the 
county as some of the western townships, that tlie county owns the road, 
and is entitled to all its receipts, after keeping it in splendid condition for 
its users, and that tew county justices are ca[»ab!e of rising superior to the 
power of Calumet diplomacy, it will readily be seen that there were strong 
reasons for the court's apparent bad legislation. 

\ -r . 

I Besides the two roads above described, not less than six juilos of the Louis- 

I iana and Prairieville macadam is built nj)on land situated in the western 

i part of Calumet township, while many of the so-called country roads are be- 

I ^^f? graded and graveled from the point of their intersection with the roads 

... 1 ■ , I. 
1 1. 


in qnosf.ion to some fann-liouse, creek, or church in the township. In ai!- 
otlier decade, should tlie spirit of enterprise keep pace with the acciiniiihi- 
tion of wealth, tlie traveler through tlie borders of Caliunct can stalk with 
fearlees tread, dry ^Jiod, along the graveled road-beds of the murky valleys, 
or drive his iron-hoofed steed thuuderiiig over the rock-lined highways of tlie 
foot-hills and the uplands. 

. ■ . . RAILROADS. 

It is not alone in the building of her gravel roads that the persistent en- 
terprise and indomitable pluck of her citizens have' been exhibited, but the 
nerve and energy of the people of Calumet have been conspicuously dis- 
played in the undertaldng and final cori.struction of 8 line of raihvay throi;s2-h 
the township and the county. Feeling the vraut of other communication 
with the outside world tlian that afforded by the Mississippi Iliver, and be- 
lieving tliat in action lay the hope of ullimato success, a few gentlemen 
proceeded, on the Cth of December, 1SG9, to organize, under the general 
railroad law of the state, the " Clarksvi lie I'v^ Western Kail way Co.-" So 
chimevic>il did the project then appear that the subscribers were limited to 
the members of the board of directors, which consisted of John O. Eobcrts, 
William Mcintosh, M. S. Goodman, James W. Stark, Joseph Meloan, J. E. | 
P^orgey, Xewton McDannold, C. W. Pliarr and J. C. Jamison. With scarcely | 
mo7iey enough for a pieliminary survey, but with much ardor in the enter- I 
prise, and great faith in each other, the board effected its organization by I 
electing John O. lioberts president, and choosing L. A. Welch, the bril- j 
liant and lamented editor of the Clarksville Sentinel^ as their secretary. A s 
subscri{>tioti of §18,000 was immediately sought and secured fro»n the I 
municipality of Clark-.ville. and the people of Calumet were asked to assist j 
the enterprise l)y voting an appropriation of slOO,000 in township bonds, j 
With such haste were the objects of the board pushed to their culmination ' 
that the last days of the same month that vvitnessed its organizatit)n saw 
the people of the township Hocking to the polls, eager to deposit their ballots 
in favor of a self-imposed tax, that the road, which as yet existed only in the 
luxuriant imaginations of the fanciful few, might be pushed to an. early 
completion. The northern limit of this road was to be the Louisiana & 
2>Iissouri Iliver Tiailruad, and the phraseology of tiie articles of association 
was singularly happy in that the terminus could be made at Louisiana, 
Bowling Green, or any intermediate point. Had any specific p^int been 
desiirnated as the northern terminus, the result of the township election 
would doubtless have been different. But as the range of possible construe- 


1 • 

tion swept the whole lioroscope of northern Calaniet, and as every farmer 
paw on his own })reini?es a natural location for an iron higliway, while hope, "] 

tlic fatlicr of illegitimate thought, blandly \vhis])ered swoet assurance, tiie \ 

])eoplc of this section were alike ciitliusiastie and unanimous for the project, j 

while the southeastern portion of the township lent their assistance with ) 

the expectation of deriving benctits from its probaljle southern extension. ; 

On the 29th of x\pril, ISTl, the charter was extended from Claiksville south- , 

ward to Dardenne, and from j^ouisiana northward to Hannibal. As DufFaio ] 

township had voted a like appropriation with Calumet to the Clarksville & ] 

Western Railroad, and as Louisiana had been made a point on the line there I 

v.-as DOW a reorganization of the board of directors in order that Buifalo ^ i 

townshi|i miglit have reju'esentntion in the same, and tlie iicw Board eon- j 

sisted of John O. Roberts, William Mcintosh, M. S. Goodman, C. W. ' ' I 
Pharr, J. 0. Jamison. William Stark, W. C. Orr, II. A. Campbell, and W. j 

C. Hardin. lender this organization work was commenced in the winter \ 

of 187:^ on the north bank of Calumet Creek and near the northern limits ] 

of the city of Clarksville. Bctbre much was done, however, the Clarksville \ 

Oc Western was consolidated on January 20th, 1S73, with the ALississippi "] 

Valley K'y, which had built from Keokuk to Hannibal, formitig the Missis- -I 

sippi Valley & Western Railroad Co. But little was novv done and the ] 

friends of tlie road were again becon)ing despondent, when anotiier chan"-e | 

ensued in 1875, and the Mississippi A^alley v.^ Western was sold out and ] 

bought by the St. Louis, Keokuk S: Northwestern R'y Co. In 1876 this I 

company- constructed the road from Hannibal to Louisiana, and in the win- j 

ter of 1877 graded, ironed, and cquijjped that portion lying between Louisana | 

and Clarksville, which they continued to operate, and in 1879 they con- \ 

Btructed southward to Dardenne or St. Peters, the southern terminus of the ^ 

line, and where it intersect.^ the St. Louis and Wabash. Thus after ten ] 

years of laborious etTort and patient waiting, have the originators of the ■' . -j 

scheme to give Clarksville and Calumet easy communication with the cities i 

of the plains and the ports of the seas, seen their apparently Utopian dream 3 

[ so nearly realized tliat to-day they can step almost from the doorways of \ 

their own homes in 10 a palatial car whose rapid whirl will in a few hours i 

give to their enchanted vision the glistening spires of St. Paul or the j 

dancing water of Minnetonka, or if they would seek a southern clime, the . , j. 

Iron Mountain c\: Southern, connecting at St. Louis, will bear them gulf- j 

I v,ard, where on their first awakening they may scent the fragrant breath of •• 
the orange and the lime. , . . | 




The stibscription of one liuiidrcMj thousand dollars to the constniction of 

the CUirksville cV: Western liaih-oad constitntes the entire bonded indebted- I 

ness of Calumet township. Before the road was completed through the i 

township, at^l inilneT'.ced by the decisions of tlie courtB, whicli held that tlic I 

action of the township was illegal and the bonds invalid, the peojde were j 

for a while inclined to resist their pajment. But after some years of heated I 

discussion and vexatious litigation, pending which time the Supremo Court | 

of the United States, with more zeal for the interests, of the bondholders ] 

than respect for its own dignity, hastened to add to its inconsistency the I 

conviction of its partiality, the people proposed a compromise with their } 

creditors, and an agieement mutually satisfactory has beers liapjiily readied. 1 

Tjie terms of compromise arc S7-1- per cent on all bonds upon which judg- I 

mant has heeu had, and T'T-^porcent upon tlio-o on wliich no suit has been 1 

brought. An election for the ratification of this agreement by the people j 

of the township was held on the 80th day of ?\ovem.ber, 18S2, ajid voted by | 

an immense majority, thus showing that the people are not only willing but j 

even anxious to discharge their legal and moral obligations. The debt with | 

its accumulated intei'est, which was compromised in like manner witli the I 

principal, will probably still aggregate as much as $100,000, but to a town- i 

ship whose assessable wealth is over two million didlars ajid whose citizens j 

are almost all wealthy or -well to do,^' such a sum can be ra{>idiy reduced j 

by the collection of an additional tax, so small that if noticed at all it can j 

only be regarded as the merest bagatelle. But the people will not be re- j 

quired to meet unassisted the debt in question. The railroad is now com- '■ 

pleted through tlie township; it is assessed and taxed like other property, [ 

and must contribute to the payment of the debt wldch. it has created. Xor ; 

ought the revenue from, the road bo confined to that part of it restricted to ; 

the limits of the township. The subscriptions from Buif'alo and Calumet \ 

tov.Miships of $100,000 each, in bonds, were the funds that constructed the ' 
road from. Salt IMver, in Pike county, to St. Peters, in St. Charles, and un- 
der the law tiiat authorized those subscrlptiop.s tiiese townships are entitled 
to all the taxes th^t may be collected from the railway company between 
these jioints in per]>etuity. This is the opinion of more than one of tiie 
ablest lawyers in the state and the subject is certainly of sutficient import- 
ance to invite the closest legal investigation. But should tlie people of Cal- 
umet receive no more than their township quota of taxes from tlie conrpany 
tlie time is not far distant when the collections from the road will vield a 


CALl'MKT T<~>\VNS1IIP. 627 

lair interest upon the invosttnent aixl supply the townsljip witli a fund at 
least partially adequate to the education of its children. 

Next to her soil and lier scenery, the pride of the towuship is the liomes 
of her citizens. From sha'led park, verdant lawn, or siuilit mound, rises the 

beautiful cottage, the magnificent residence, and the colossal mansion. The .-1 

sons of toil have not labored in vain. liespojisive to their energies, the fer- 1 
tile earth, pregnant with unlimited wealth, has yielded up her hidden treas- • . J 

nres. The expenditure of money has been as lavish as the accunjulation of .'i 

riches has been i'a])id. The waving forests, Vvdiere cleared away, have only | 

given })hice to tlie well trained evergieen and plantb; rare and exotic. In J 

places the beautiful walks are fringed with flowers and the evening zephyr .: i 

laden witli their rich perfume. From the arduous labor and the warm sun- -1 

shine t!ie Cahunet farmer can retii-e to the refreshing shade of a beautiful | 

home. Pennsylvania, with her accujnulatcd years; New York, Nvith its . 'i 

boasted wealth; nor Masfsaehusetts, with her aesthetic culture, cnu fujnish a i 

finer picture of beautiful, haT>py, rural home life than is found in the admi- j 

rably kept and splendidly iVirnished homes of the people of Calumet. J 

...... ■) 


While caring for the physical well-being of her citizens, Calumet has not '^ 

been unmindful of the intellectual v\'ants of her children. Within the limits ^ 

of the township, and outside of the towns, eleven schools, under tlie conduct ] 

of trained and etflcient teachers, furnisii the means of acquiring a thorough . ] 

English education. When these schools cease to meet the wants of an}' one ' j 

or more in the community, tlie private schools of higher grade, the denomi- 
national colleges, or the state university are called into requisition, and the 
pupil furnished, when the parent is able, the best facilities for pui-suing a 
classical and scientific coui'se. There are not less than tliree schools in the 
towrxsliip devoted to the education of the colored yuutli, and while it is pos- 
sibly unwise to predict much for them until the grade of the teacher shall 
be somewhat elevated, it is nevertheless true that in the strictly elementary 
branches the pupils have made some progress. 


While the farms furnish the labor and exercise necessary to the physical 
development of the people of the rural districts and the schools provide for 
the intellectual wants of the children and the youth, the moral nature of all 

■/., .>, 

528 nisTOKV ok I'ikk coi ntv. 

require? guidance and instruction atid this necessity is met in the five coun- 
try churches which minister to the reli<(ioiis wants of the people of the 


This is the oldest reh'<;ious organization within the limits of Pike county. 
More than sixty years ago it was ])lanlod in the ahnost unhroken forests of 
Calumet, aiul through tlic la])So of years t]i;it has succeeded it has been vocal 
■with the praises of the Christian's God, h'rom the best data to be had this 
church was organized about the year 181'^ or 1819 by Tlev. Stephen Itud- 
dcli, formerly of Kentucky. The land upon wliich the first church, a struc- 
ture of hewn logs, was i)Dilt, was deeded by lulmoTid Tvionutjoy to the Bap- 
tists, and it is claimed by many of the oldest citi?.eiis that it .remained as 
one church (Baptist) until May, 1823, v.-heu Hughs and Kodgers, known as 
"i^ew Lights," came out from Kentucky and a protracted effort was held at 
Karasey, and several having ap])lied tor membership a dit.pnte arose as to 
who should administer the ordinance of baptism, the Baptist pastor or the 
"Kew Light'' ])reacher, and. Mr. llodgers having officiated, Eev. Euddell 
surrendered his charge of the church and a split at once ensued. AVhether 
this be fiction or fact, certain it is as shown by the records that the Baptists 
reorganized formally on the 2Gth day of April, 1823, and that about the 
6au)e time Lh-. TL Hughs was sent by his father from Kentucky to looic | 
after the S])iritual wants of those, who difVering from the Ba])tist teaching>, j 
now organized under the name of'' Jleformers." x\mong the earliest mem- j 
bers, as shov.n by the old records as belonging to the Baptist Church at 
Ramsey- may be mentioned Edmond Moutitjoy, Michael Tilson, Thomas 
Buchanan, Mary ilountjoy, Xancy Garter, Susan Flunket, Ann Buchanan, 
Nancy Leah, Gibson Jenkins, Robert Burns, Matthew Sapp, Elizabeth r»ox- 
ley, Tiichard Sanders, Jeptha Jeans, Daniel Moss, and others. At this time 
the Hev. Davis iiiggs, who succeeded Kev. Stephen Ruddell, was the pastor 
in charge. That this view of a controverted subject is correct would also 
appear from the fact that the records of the Christian Church at Paynes- 
. ville, which continued to v\'orship in the liouse at Ramsey Creek until the 
year 1S52, trace their origin to the braucli of the Church of Christ which 
the said records state was instituted at Ramsey Creek on the 2d day of 
February, 1823. Thus while the organization of the Reformers was earlier 
than the formal reorganization of the Baptists, it is still manifest that a 
church organization of some kind antedated the institution of theirs by not 
less than four or five years, and hence the conclusion that the Baptist 

liii- r 


Church was orif^inally organized at Ramsey and that the other, or Christian, 
was a di:?henting branch, ap}>ears alike reasonable and U^i^ical. Tiiis church, 
a larofc and solid brick structure, is now under the exciusive control t>f' the 
Ba]->tist 'Icnoniination, is entirely out of debt, has a rncnibersliip of seventy- 
five sonls, and i? possessed of considerable spiritual vitality. It has contrii)- 

uted its ])art to the religious instruction of the peo]>le, and from it.s j'.ortals -1 

liave gone out many who, with their fninilies, have assisted in founding or i 

strenrrtliening other organizations of like faith and order v;ithin the limits ', 

of the association. A 

■ • i 


Dover Churc)', which is situated ii; the northwestern portion of the town- 
ship, was organized by Eevs. J. B. Fuller, A. G. Mitchell, and M. }^l. Mo- ; 
disfctt, on September Sth, 1862, in a beautiful grove belonging to the late • ,. !. 
^Villiara C. Goodman. Tlicir house of worshij), a large and well constructed 'I 
frame edifice, was erected at the junction of the Louisiana & Prairieville | 
and the Calumet i^ravel roads, in the fall and winter of ISGo. The constitut- -^'1 
ing membors v/ere Jatnes A. Sanders<-»n and wife, James Anderson and - --j 
wife, Kathaniel E. Smith and wife, E. 15. and J. R. Smith, 11. T. Ogden, -i 
and Mary E. Goodman, with Mary, servant of James Anderson, and George, j 
servant of W. C. Goodman. This church has at present liincty-thrce mem- ' ! 
bers in good standing, conducts a successful and well attended Sunday- '\ 
school, under the superintendency of W. 'N. Goodman, and has had for its ■; 
pastors some of the best ])ulpit talent in the state. Rev. Dr. J. F. Cook is | 
preacher in charge at this time, and James E. Grifnth liolds tJie position of ' 1 
church clerk. This church, like Ramsey, is within the biiunds of the Suit /• 
River Association, and is one of the mo-t flinirishing metnbers of that old ] 
and respectable religious body. ] 


This church is situated on the Calumet j^cravel road, about midway be- 1 

twcen the eastern and western limits of Calumet, ar.d a little north of the j 

center of the townsliip. The, which is a substantial brick, forty by .] 

sixty feet, was erected in the summer of 1S67 at a cost ot..$4,'250. The 1 

church was organized on tlie ^Oth of February, 1868, by Rev. M. M. Tucker i 

and the veiierable and Rev. James W.Campbell. The constituting mem- . j 

bers were F. M. Mackey, Lucind^i TJackey, John 'Wilson, Jane Wison, John j 

T. Mackey, Elizabeth Mackey, Elbert >:unn, Elizabeth Watts, Martha Wil- j 

son, Ann M. Kelly, Margaret Mcllroy, '}>h\ry J. Wilson, Alice E. Mackey, ] 

530 . ■ msTOUY OF vike codnty. 

Saiali .McJ^oed, Klizabetli Xelley, aDcl Edna Triplott. ]vev. Dr. Tucker 
was thy lii>L pastor in tiliar^c and cuiitinucd until liis death to ably and 
faithfully serve tiie chuich which Ins own etlbrts had so lari^ely assisted in 
plantin^^ liere. TIic church lias a larixc membership at tliis time, is b'jth 
tinancially and spiritually stron>,^, givin<.i^ liberally toevelT cause worthy of 
Ohristi.m support, and livinu" in the bond> of peace and unity with each other. 
Since their organisation the church a'ld Sunday-school have togeihorcx)>ended 
the sum cf S4,510.()0 in their endeavors to meet their Christian obligations 
and advance the cause of morality and reli;2;ion. Jiev. Taylor Bernard is 
the pre:>ent pastor, S. F. Mackey the eilicicnt su]ierintendent of the sabbath- 
school, and John T. XLackt-y the clerk of the churcli. 


This church, named for the township in v/liose Tiorthern extJ-emity it is 
situated, was oro-anized as a Cumberland Presbvterian Church in the vear 
1857, by Rev, M. M. Tucker, while riding as a missionary withiii the lim- 
its of this Presbytery. The original members were dohn Turner and wife, 
Warren Gni3ith and wi!'e, j\Lartha Pharr, Lucinda Putts, Cyrus Mackey 
and wife, and llachael.Estes. On account of the house having fallen into 
a low state of repair, and the location being somewhat inaccessible, the 
Ghureh disorganized about the year ISTl, and the members attached them- 
selves to the churches at Buffalo and Corintli. In ISSO the church was re- 
built, but never reorgani/'.ed, and although the control of the house is in the 
hands of the Presbyterians it is to all intents and purposes a free church. 
The Presbyterians worship liere statedly and have a minister, Pev. T. Eer- 
jQard, in charge, although the attendants upon service here belong to the 
congregation at The business of the church is done as though it 
was a distinct organizatioii, with no connection with nor dependence upon 
another, and so harmonious have the two congregations been nothing has 
ever occurred to mar the fcciiugs of either. No regular sabbath-school is 
kept u}) at this church. Mr. W. J. Warmsley acts as auxiliary clerk and 
reports tlie p^-oceedings of Calumet, the child, to Corinth, the mother. 


The organization of this church was effected at Kissinger school-house 
on August the 5th, 1:^.71, by Elder V/m. IL Martin. Tiie original mem- 
bers were liendly Kissinger, James IL Kissinger and wife, George Wells 
and WM"fe, T. B. Amos and wife, J3. E. Amos and wife, J. W. Beauchamp 
and wife, John il. Grimes and wife, Richard Hall and wife, Mordecai 


Amos and wife, Mi^s E. J. Wolls, and others. TLo fir^t and prt-eent elders 
are T. 13. Amos, John M. Grimes, and Jamos JI. Kissinger. The deacons 
were AYilliani Wells, William iJeanchanip, Jt. F. Atxios, George Wells, and 
James P. Gallo\vay. Soon after their organi/:ation, and in tlie same }ear, 
the members proceeded to build them a church, and an excellent frame 
building thirty-six by tiity-four feet was put u}) at u short remove iiX'Ui 
the school-house where they had lirst \vorshiped. 'I'lie church is in a pros- 
perous condition, gradually extending its borflers and widening the circle 
of its Christian influence. Elder J. M. Henry was its (irst pastor, and El- 
der J. B, Corwine is the present minister in charge. Mr. George Wells oc- 
cupies the position of clerk of the church. 

The hiptory of Clavl^srille is coeval with the history of Alis.souri. Even 
before this then western territory had taken her place in the sisterhood of 
states, the hardy pioneer had ])itched his tent and reared his cabin U]jon the 
present site of the city. It is impossible to tell with perfect accuracy 
who v/ere the earliest settlers, or the exact order in which they came. But 
from tlie best data to be had it appears that James Burns and Samuel Ew- 
ing were the lirst to locate here, and that the former built his cabin not 
later than the year ISIG, on the lot upon which the Carroll House now 
Btands. Had we time for sentiment it n.iight be pleasant, if not profitable, 
to contrast the few and meaner necessities of that humble hut with the nu- 
merous and costly luxuries of this splendid hostelry. Following Biu'ns and 
Ewing, with but a few years intervening, came Capt. John Storh, Warreu 
Swayne, Willium Sitnonds, Maj. Ja^. W. Bootlie, Jeptha Ousley, Ephraim 

-Jenkins, John E. Carter, James McCord, xMusic, Llewellen Brown, 

James C. Eieiden, and others, whose names, in the lapse of time, have been 
forgotten. As early ns 1817 this little settlement was known as Clarks- 
ville, and LIusic and Brown had engaged in the business of the merchant, 
For vrhom the town was named cannot he stated with absolute certainty, 
some asserting that it was for the first territorial Governor, while others, 
and with apparently better reason, allirm that it was called after General 
George Bogers Clark, who vras associated with LcNvis in the first explora- 
tion ever made as far wei^tward as the Bock}' Mountains. Tlie i(\ijend is 
that bctwen 1S15 and 1S20 General Clark was en route from the. south to 
one of the northern forts with a company of eoldiers. on a keel boat, and that 
on account of the heavy ice wiiich met him at this place he was forced to 


532 iirsTOKY ov pikk county. 

come adioro anJ winter lierc. Jlis encanipinent was near the southern 
limits of the ]>rescnt city, and lovers of the romantic say that an old and 
giant sycamore, wliose trunk had hven hollowed out near tlie surface of tlie 
earth by tlu; action of fire, furnirihcd the few and eim]>le comforts of a sol- 
dier's bedroom. About ISIS James Fielden engaired here in the mercantile 
business, nnd two years 'hereafter the venerable John 11. Carter, now a resi- 
dent of Monroe county, started a general store on. the coriier of Front and 
Howard streets. Mr. Carter's eneri;-y -uvc a new impetus to the business 
of the place, and the little produce then raised in tiie country sought its 
market here, while the simple wants of the early settlers vrere readily sup- 
plied. Early in tlie twenties Mr. Carter took to New Orleans, on a flnt- 
boat, sixty hogsheads of tobacco, a part of which was shipped to Europe, 
and about the same time tiie iirst steamboat that ever came this far north 
of St. Louis, seeking freight, was loaded from liis warehouse. The next ob- 
ject of interest in tlie early history of the town was the Augur Mill, l>uilt 
by Mr. Simonds in 1S27, wliich was succeeded in 1830 by a steam flouring 
mill, whose owners were Warren Swayne, John R. Carter, "Wm. S. Hough, 
Samuel l'e]>per, a7;d Capt, John Mackey. This proved a losing venture, 
seriously involving its owners, some of whom -were ultimately ruined by 
long and vexatious litigation. The mill burned in 1842, and upon its site 
was subsequently built the Blutf Mills. One of the earliest enterprises of 
which the town can boast was the horse ferry, started and operated by War- 
ren Swayne, between the years 1826 and 1830. After Mr. Swayne's death, 
Wm. Simonds came into possession of its franchises, and long after his 
death, and wlien it had passed through many hands, it returned again in 
the sliape of a splendid steamboat to the partial ownership of the heirs of 
Swayne, and now, after more than fifty years, it is operated again by a son of 
Simonds. It is possible that it may continue through the amplitude of time 
to swing from the descendants of one family to those of the otlier until the 
last of their almost innumerable progeny sliall have been ferried by the spirit 
boatman across the river Styx. 

The town of ClarksviUe was laid out by Governor John :Miller on land 
which was pitented to him by President Monroe. Gov. Miller soon 
after disj^osed of a portion of his interest to Richard Graham, Judge Wash 
and others, and they subsequently sold it in lots to the early settlers, the 
first gale reported to have taken place in I^IS. The town was incorporated 
in 1817 by the county court, when Perry Johnston, H. T. Kent, and an- 
, other, unknown, were selected as trustees. Emanuel Block was the first clerk 
of the town, and John M. Clifford its first treasurer. 


T 'fi ,v '.■'■■ I i' 

I I 

CITY 01' CI-AKKi-VIi.LE, 53o 


Under the board of trustees tlic taxes were not met very promjttly, and 
in tlie jear 181S. ulien the incorporatioii was about tMclve uiontlis ohl, the 
clerk and treasurer proceeded in a somewliat surnnuiry manner to crather in 

the ontstandi'Jii; revenue wliich amounted to nearly thirty dollars-^ and after ! 

FcUing out not Jess than half of the tovrn, the exehcquer of the corporation i 

was increased to about twenty-five doilars, and the reputation of Mes.^rs. v 

Block and Clifford as successful public financiers rose to a level with that of I 

the old and historic Necker. 1 

A short time after the above occurrence Mr. 11. S. Elgin was.em])loyed to ], 

grade a road to the river for a consideration of twenty-five dollars, and when | 

the work was done and he applied for his money, the trustees having no i 

funds with which to meet their obligation, and to avoid tho annoyance of j 

being *"dunned," dissolved the town board and lost tlio books. I 


• A CHARTER. , . . - '{ 

■ - ' ' ' . \ 

In 1850 or 1S51 the legislature of the state granted a charter to the tow)i \ 

of Clarksville, and the legislation of the place assumed a character •» 

surate with its growing interests, Js^o attempt at the improvement of the ^ 

streets was made until 185S when John O. Iioberts introduced an ordinance ' 


fur the improvement' of Fi'ont street froiri Alissouri street to Ilowaid .] 

street; and from this commencement the grading and rocking of the ] 

principal thoroughfares have been successfully continued. The town .^ 

continued to grow and lier business interests to prosper until 18 — , when '] 

having the requisite population, the legislature, in answer to the prayer ■] 

of her citizens, recognized the jdace as a city of the fourth class. Few ^ 

towns of like size have been more enterprising than Clarksville. Anx- i 

ious to advance her own interests she has contributed liberally to every j 

measure likely to accomplish the' desired end. Inviting the trade of the \ 

township, she invested ^,SO,000 in the splendid roads that center here, j 

that the produce of the country might find easy transit to its natural mar- | 

ket; reciciiing out for the large and desirable trade of Illinois, the city ap- ; 

propriated i?15,000 to the construction of the Clarks\ille and Pleasant Hill j 

Graded Road. ^Vhiie seeking a market for the product of Jier own manu- j 

factories she lent her credit to the extent of $18,000 to the building of the ] 

Clarksville <fc Western Railroad. But from the Clarksville of the past with . ] 

its miserable huts, its business shanties and its circumscribed trade, let us j 

turn to the Clarksville of the present, with its magnihcent residences, its ] 

deep and tall and well filled stores, and its far reaching trade, for articles \ 



man u fact u red here arc sold from Butte City to Baltimore and Boston, from 
the lakes to the ^;ulf, and from Montreal in Canada to Glast^ow in Scotland. 


This L'lill wa-- IniiU in 185'-;, priiieipally bv K. B. Carroll, B. P. Clifford, 
and dohn 0. R ^heris. It Wi^s put in operation in 1857 by G. W. Wells v.^:. 
Co., burned in ISCO, vras immediately rebuilt by Wells vS: Co., v/ho continued 
to coTitrol it until 1S62, when it was rejiurchased by the old firm of E. B. 
Carroll & Co., who remained in possession until 187G, when Mr. Carroll 
retiring, the lirm name was changed to Clifford, Roberts & Co. This com- 
pany successfully conducted the business until ISSO, when Capt. Clifford 
havino; died, it was incorporated under the laws of the state as the Imperial 
Mill Com})an3', with John O. Boljerts, pi-esident, and lienrv S. Carroll, 
secretary and trc-.isurer. The company has a cash capital of thirty thous- 
and dollars, all paid in, while tlie mill itself is one of the best to be found in 
tlie state, having in place all tlie best and newest machinery known to the 
business, including tlie novel and custly attachments necessary to the pro- 
' ductioi! of ilour in ;.cco/d.utr'.e with what is known as the "new process." 
This mill handles substantially all the wheat grown on eithei' side of the 
river contiguous to Clarksville, embracing a radius of nearly fifteen miles, 
])csides drawing a part of tl.ieir suj)ply frotn abroad, a^ygregatin^" in their 
purchases from two hundred and fifty thousand to two hundred and seventv- 
five thousand bushels per annum. The ca[)acit3'' of the mill is sixty thous- 
and barrels a year and the largest market for the flour is the New England 
States, though nmcli is sold along the upper ]\[ississi]jpi. embracing the 
states of Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, while a G-ood market for 
the surplus is found in ('hicago. Some of the product of this Lnill is also 
exported, going to Liverpool and other cities of England, and the company 
iv-5 just now engaged in loading live hundred and .seventy barrels for Glasgow 
in Scotland. The standard brand of this mill is "Imperial," though several 
others are made and extensively haiulled. Concord, Portland, and other 
seaboard cities purchase most of the bran and shipstutT produced by the 
mill, while the demand fr^Mn other sections is greater than its capacity to 
supply. No ].roper estimate of tlie advantao:e5 of this enterprise to the peo- 
ple of the city or the farmers of the country can be made. Year after year 
tije mill is constantly and successfully o]M}rated, furnishing a home market, 
at St. Louis prices, for all the wheat delivered at its doers, and paying cash 
on receipt of the same. Tiio economy or addition made to the wheat croj) 
will aggregate near twenty per cent more than it would be if sold out of the 

i:iA i , Af ki 

■^h I 

CITV OK Cr.AKKSvri.LE. * 535 

county, for the reason that tlie \vood wliich supplies the fuel is furnished by 
the people of the country; the barrels which contain the llour are uianu- 
faotured here and by iutnie labor, while the fifteen to twenty-five men em- 
ployed iTi the mill are also deriving thcii- su]ip(->rt from this thriving busi- 
ness enterprise. - . 

VI.n;k<MK FACroKY, ETO. 

The mannfiictnvc of vinegar was first undertaken in Clarksville, when 
in ISCS, II. S. Carroll and Fred Haywood formed a co-partnership 
for that purpose, and erected a sniall building, thirty-three by fortv- 
live feet, t^vo stories liigh. For one year these parties continued to- 
gether, and in ISOT John M. ClilTord purchased ]Mr. Haywood's interest. \ 
wlien the firm name of Carioll it Haywood v/as changed Ij 11. S. Carroll tfc ] 
Co. In 186S Joh.n Siraonds bought out Mr. Clifford, and in ]S69 John A. 
VTirick was adinittedas a uiemler of ti'>e fiiiii, and it was at this time that 
the business began to assume sliape and to take on the semblance of its 
present success. In 1S70 an addition of thirty-four by forty-five feet, three 
aiid four stories high \\'as built, and in IS^'2 another addition, sixty by forty- • ] 
five feet, three and four stories high, added and thefirst building of 1S66 raised '' 
one story higher. In 1 873 two large Alden evaporators for evaporating fruit \ 
were put in. and in 1879 two more were added. In 18S1 Carrol tt Wirick \ 
bought Mr. Simonds' entire interest, also his beautiful private residence, sit- 1 
nated near the bank of the river and known as "P>luif Dale.'' The style of 1 
the firm was then changed to- Carroll, Wirick & Co., and in 18S2 they in- 1 
creased their tankage capacity to one hundred thousand gullous. IMany ' ] 
thousand barrels of cider and vinegar are made and ship]>ed yearly by this ] 
company to all parts of tlie United States, as is also tlieir popular evaporated 1 
fruits. In 18S0 two additional evaporators were put into the fruit dryino- I 
department f.nd not less than fifty tons of evaporated aj>ples were made and { 
shipped. In 1SS2 this firm bought and shij)ped thirty thousand barrels of i 
green apples, some of which went north to the British possessions some i 
south to Georgia, others east to Europe, and one car west to Uutte City in 
Arizona, the company prepaying the freight at a cost of >^G30. The cider I 
capacity of this foctory is two hundred barrels per day, which like the fruit 
is sold throughout tiie length and breadth of the country. For cidei apples ' 
alons this firm has paid to the farmers of the county hundreds of thousands ! 
of dollars, wliich is almost a <?lear gain, as apart from the vinegar mill there 1 
is no one who could atibrd to ])urcha3e them, and the grower would be forced i 
to sustain the loss. About fifty hands, men, women, and boys are now cm.- I 


ployed by this coinpauj, while the constnntly increasing doinaiid for their 
good? gives ample evidence tliat both the capacity and the labor must ere 
long be largely increased. 


Thip factory wiis established in 1S50 by L. 'W. Haywood and T. C. Kel- 
Bey. AVhen it had been operated but a few years Mr. Kelsey sold out and 
the style of the firm was changed to L. W. Haywood & Co., under whicli 
imxne it continues to do business. Mr. Haywood has had several partners, 
the last being J)r. C. W. Pharr. w]io bought an interest in the cstublish- 
ment in 1870, and who is still the ovvner of one-half of the entire intore.-t. 
At the time that Dr. Pharr became a partner the property-, Including the 
buildings, machinery, and real estate, inventoried about six thousand dol- 
lars, wdiile the stock on hand swelled the amount to more than eight thous- 
and dollars. Since llien not less than six thousand dollars more have been 
invested in realty, additional machinery, and general improvements, and 
the factory has grown into one of the roost extensive and successful of the 
many manutact'iring enterprises of the place. The factory is devoted almost 
exclusively to the manufaciure of floui- and apple barrels, for vvdiich there 
is an immense demand, the Imperial Mill Company alone using about two 
hundred barrels per day. During the present season the company has been 
unable to snp])ly tlie demand for apple barrels, and often their surplus stock 
of staves for lim.e and other barrels have been exhausted by the demands 
made upon it by dealers from abroad. They also manufacture headings, 
■vvhich, with the staves, are shipped both up and down the river and along the 
line of the railroad from Quincy to St. Charles, as also westward over the Chi- 
cago & Alton to Eowding Green, Mexico, Tarieton, and other railroad towns. 
These parties draw their stave timber in lar^e measure from pv»i7)ts along 
the line of railroad south of Clarksville, while many of their logs are rafted 
down the river from points near to and south of Hannibal. This tirm lias 
recently built a liraiich establishment at Ellsberry, with the special view of 
supplying the mill at that place with barrels, as well as to meet the o-.-owiP'-'- 
demand of the Lincoln orchards. When their time will permit the company 
also manufactures liat hoops, having provided for this purpose some very 
•ingenious and costly maciiinery. This factory has a capacity of twentv 
thousand stavea per day, euiploys in both factory and cooper shops fifty two 
men, and is usually kept running from about the first of March to tlie mid- 
dle of December. Mr. L. W. Haywood, the originator of the business in 
the town, is the sole >upervisor and eflicient manager oi' the entire estab- 


. PAl'KR >tII.L. 

The building of a paper mill at Clarksvillc was first talked of eriVly in ' 

1870, by J. G. Anderson, then editor of the Sentuhd, and Henry S. Carrol], 
cashier of the Olilford Bankini^ Coinpany. The latter gentleman, while at 
the centennial exhil)ition later in tlie same year, ga\'e the matter his es- ] 

pecial attention, and arrived at the conclr.sion that a mill tur the manufac- 
tnre of straw vrrapping-paper, frotn wheat straw, might be built with reas- \ 

onable prospect.s oi' success. During this period considerable correspond- :• 

ence was had with various parties East in reference to the matter, and also 1 

with the owners of the Moreau Paj^er !^riill, at California, Missouri, a ilnclv .f 

built and thoroughly equipped mill, erected and started at a cost of over ' 

$:iO,000, which had proved a losing venture from the lirst, owing, doubtless, 
to had location for procu}ing the raw nsaterial and the high freights de- | 

manded for the 5lii])ment of the manufactured product. I'he result was an | 

offer by tlic j^ariies ownirig the mill tu sell out the entire machinery at a ' i 
low figure, and a personal examination of the condition of th.e same was \ 

made in JST7 by II. S. Carroll and Capt. B. G. Head, of Pulaski, New York, \ 

and all the niaehinery was found to be first class, of modern build and al- I 

most entirely uninjured. Owing to the strike in July of that year and the • 

partial suspension of business, the matter was fn' the time being given up. j 

In June, ISb^O, it was again revived, and on the arrival of Capt. Itead steps 1 

were immediately takers to set th.e enterprise actively on foot. \ The owners ■] 

of the machinery, by this time, owing to a failure to realize on it, were very 1 

anxious to close out, and proposed to sell the entire outfit for the astonish- ' 

ing low price of $1,850, which ofler was soon afierwards accepted. A stock ■ •• 

company, witli a paid up capital of $15,000, was organized in the month of "-i 

August, ISSO, and work immediately commenced on the buildino-, while 1 

the machinery- was carefully taken down and shipped to this point. ^ Under I 

the supervision of Capt. Tiead, who was made superintendent, a corps of i 

skilled workmen was put on tlie job, and every part was carefully init to- •; 

gether and arranged with a view of making a first-class wrapping-paper mill -j 

in every particular. New boilers and engines of the most approved pat- j 

terns were put in, and some parts of the machinery rebuilt with great care 
and the closest attention given to even the minutest details. By !March, ISSl, 
the mill was ready to start, when there occurred a sad and fatal accident, j 

Capt. Head having been instantly killed by being caught in some part of 
the machinery. The company had now lost their onlj- practical man and 
it almost seemed that the enterprise must fail, bat the projectors pushed , 


aliead and were, after some delay, n^aiii well under way v/ith new and 
practical men to operate t)ie difficult ]-)i\r[& of the macliinery, and by the 
iiiiddle iif A}>ril the mill was running" full time, day and night, turning' out 
an article of pajXT of hii;]i grade, which was soon sought aft'"^r by dealers 
and tb.e general trade, li \vai> thought at the time tl)C mill was being built 
that it would iiave a capacity of two and a-hali tons of ]>aper each twenty- 
four hours, or fro?n twelve to fifteen tons per week, but soon under good 
management it made an average of eighteen tons. A steady run was made 
until the lirst of December, when a stoppage was ordered to add some ma- 
chinery, wiicn it was again started and continued running until June, 1SS2. 
It now hecam.e apparent to the stockholders that by the introduction of 
B0!ne foi'tlier machinery its cai>acity coiild be increased several tons per 
week', and the additions were ordered to be made, which was accordingly 
done about the 20tli of July of this year. Since this time the mill has lost 
no tin^c, ami !o tlie great satisfaction of the stoclvhuhlers and the astonish- 
ment of mill owners everyv.-here, has made from twenty-four to twenty-seven 
tons of paper each week of six fall days running, when working On light 
weights, and a greater qiiantiiy on heavy or hanr paper, the largest yield of 
any known forty-two inch mill. • 

Thro\!gh the very fortunate purchase of the machinery above referred to, 
tlie mill is worth double the amount of iis ])aid up capital stock, and in- 
deed even this amount of SoO,000 would be insufficient for its yuirchasc. 
The first incorporators were Uenry S. Carroll, S. A. Drake, J. M. ClilTord, 
John O. lloberts, J. A. Tvirick, B. G. Read, Walter Keightley, and William 
Mcintosh, all of whom were directors except J. M. Clifibrd, who has acted 
as secretary of the company. S. A. Drake v/as president until its increasing 
duties requiring too much of his attention from his private business, he 
tendered his resignatio!i and J. A. ^7irick was chosen to succeed him. 
Henry S. Carr'^ll has been treasurer since tlie organization of the company, 
and to Ills ejiterprise and indomitable perseverance is almost entiiely duo 
the credit of the erection, while with his associates he has been largely in- 
strument;'.! in the successful operation of the first and only paper mill in the 
great commonwealth of Missouri. ' ,. , ^ • 


The first tobacco factoiy was started in Clarksvilie by W. D. Major and 
Yv". N. Ogden, under the Urn) name of Major v."v: Ogden in the year 1SG3. 
Mr. Ogden liaving died, James M. ]\[ajor and John M. Woods became the 
purchasers of his interes*' and continued the business with W. D. Major, 

1 -■• »:k 

: 1 1 .1 


nndcr the iu-m name of Jaines Major & Sons for a period of two years, when 
they sold (heir iiiachinery and eii^aL^'cd in inorcantile pursuits. Tlie Major 
& Mackev Tobacco Co., one of ilio lar^-cst estahlishineiits of the kind in tlie 
county, was incorporated in JSSO, W. D. Major, W. J. Mackey, and J. M. 
Major bein_ijf the incorporator;.-. The cai)ital stock of the company, all paid 
in, is $0,00(.i. Since tlie incorporation of the company, James II. Kissenger, 
of Linwood Farm, a gentleman well known as a breeder of Short Horns, has 
been admitted as a member of the firm. The otiicers of the com[)ariy are 
W. D. ilajor, president, W. J. Macke}', secretary, and Joini ^[. ^Major, 
treasure)'. This company irianufactures abcoit one tlionsijid pounds per 
day, althoup;h tiiis amount i& much below their actual ca])acity. The nia- 
chii)ery of this large establishment is all run by, even the immense 
cutters and powertul hydraulics derivins; their motor power from the en- 
gines liidden away in a remote portion of the spacious building. Tlic fac- 
to;y is one lunidrod and ten by thirty feet, fowr stories hi/^-h, includin<^ base- 
n^ient, and it is in contemplation to n^aterially enlarge it at an early 
day. It is well supplied with all the latest and best improved machinery, 
which has cost in place about 8S,000, and with the use of which most of the 
goods of the factory are n>ade. About forty hands are employed here, under ] 

the supervision of Major R. M. Penn, a manufacturer of large experience j 

ant] well established reputation. Every variety of plug, smoking, and fine '1 

cut are manufactured here, and the product of the establishment finds its ■] 

market from Iowa to Texas, and from Illinois and Kentucky to Colorado ! 

and Montana. The outlay is necessarily enormous, the government tax 
alone approximates one hundred dollars per day. Besides this the stock is 
to be purchased, the employes to be paid, and innumerable items of expense 
are to be constantly met. 1 

( _ w. p. boone's tobacco factory. 

This factory was established in the spring of 1S71 in a building on Front or 
Mater street, and has since that time been kept in constant operation during 
those seasons of the }ear at which it was ])03sible to successfully manufac- 
ture. The bnihling itself is tliirty-five feet wide by one hundred and ten 
feet deep and two stories high, with rooms for drying purposes built above 
the second story. At first Mr. Boone manufactured much less than he has 
■ fur quite a i)nml)er of years since that time. In the beginning fifty thous- 
j. and pounds a year was about the capacity- of the factory, but since that time 
with the use of additional and improved machinery he lias increased the 
. capacity to almost one hundred and thirty thousand pounds a year. Year ■ 

I • ' i: 



aftor yoai- itnproveinents liave been constantly made, iintii o.t tin's time lie has 
one of ti)0 licst arran;:^ed and eqni])])ed lactorics to be found in tlie county. 
The sjdcndid hydraulic machinery in ]:)l!tce in this establi.slinicnt is ini'erior 
to none in the county, and accrdiiifj: to the capacity of the factory, as good 
as any in the state. Air. l)00i!e has always had ample capital witii which 
to conduct his business f.ud Iience liavS had no partner in the factory. At 
this time alter having built u]>a S])lendid trade and won for his goods quite 
nil enviable rejiutation, he has turned over the use of his factory and his 
name to his son, Col. . I). Boone ar.d Ids son-in-hiw, Jiunes T. Smith, who 
are vevy successfully conducting the business under his casual supervision. 
The factory lias for years employed fiom ihirt}' to fifty l}ands wlio are well 
and promptly paid for the service I'eudercd, while it disburses thousands of 
dollars for the raw material and other articles necessary to the successful 
coiiducfc of the business. The stock required for use here is purchased for 
the most part in Pike county, while quite a quantity of the finest leaf, espe- 
cially for wrappers, is bought in St. Louis or Louisville; among the justly 
popular brantls manufactured by Mr. Boone may be mentioned his fine 
"Katural Leaf.'- '^Booiie\s B.ost," "Old Virginia Weed," several kinds of 
"Navies," as 3s, 4s, etc., together with quite a «umber of other and v/ell- 
known brands. These goods are sold in St. Louis and other cities of Missouri; 
in Ai-kansa^, Texas and other states of the south, and also in Iowa, Blinois, 
and Kansas, as well as others of the northern and western states. It is grat- 
ifying to know that from the beginning the enterprise has been successful 
aiKl t}:at the pi-oprictor has made a handsome interest or profit on his iu- 
vestmerit, and that at this time, after twelve years of experience in the man- 
ufacture of these goods, they are even more pofiular than before, and the bus- 
iness is now in a more flourishing and j)rosperous condition than at any pre- 
vious time in its history. This factory has been of much benefit to the city 
of Clarksvilie, aijd as it continues to grow from year to year will contribute 
more and more to its pros]>erity and material wealth. > 


Tlio Clarksvilie Foundry was established in 1S65 by William A. Fletcher, 
its present proprietor. At first there was but little capital invested, but as 
occasion required additional machinery has been added until now its costaggre- 
gatcs not less than ten thousand dollars. Mr. Fletcher is prepared to do any 
work within the limit o^ the capacity of his macliinery, and while he has de- 
voted his attention principally to repair work, such as farm implements, porta- 
ble and statiouary engines, merchant, planing, and other mills, he has also 



built portable engines; and a nciil little yuclit, ready for lanncliing, has been \ 

tinned out from this foundry. There hs attached to the shops a avooI card- | 

ing machine, which is kept runtiing dnrini:,- tho caidin;:^ season. We failed '! 
to niention that an air coin]>ressor, for use in the miueB of ('olorado, had 

gIsu been built at these shoos. From three to live men find constant em- i 

ploymciit here, and the cnti-rpricc is one of the greatest imporluTK^e to the ;;; 

peoj>le both of the citv and country. y 

• . ■■ I 


The first lumber-yard was started in Clarksvillo in the year 1S57 by T. ! 
C. Keisey and L. W. Haywood, who had a )nonopo!y of the business until 
the year succeeding the close of the war, wIk'u II n;^h=: S' V»'^ell'?, Denny & 

Co., Thos. Edison, Turner 6: Knigh.t, and C. H. Nichols it Co., all entered % 

the lists as competitors for the business of the town and country. In a J 

short time Edi^L»;). Xichols S.k Co. consolidated, Turner & Knight aban- ^i 

doned the business, aiKl Hughs it Wells bought out Denny & Co., thus -,^ 

leavinti but two tiriris enirai'-ed in the lumber business. About ISTO An- i 

derson & Blaine iKuight out Edison, Nichols & Co., and soon tliereaf ter sold •:] 

their yards to II. j^. Campbell, who consolidated with Capt, Ben. ITughs, ;1 

the latter having bought the interest of his deceased partner, Mr. Wells, and | 

thus from five yardrf the trade \\as reduced to one, and is still conchicted by '4 

these pentlemen ur;dcr the firm name of Iluirlis «t Campbell. These gen- 3 

tleujcn buy their lumber in rafts, from parties who manufacture it on the | 

Chippewa and Wisconsin rivers. They also ]uirchase largely in car lots, i 

buyii'g at both Hannibal and Chicago. In addition to ordinary lumber • i 

they deal largely in shingles, laths, doors, sash, etc., while tlooring, mould- ?»■ 

ing, siding, etc., etc., are manufactured at their ]>laning mill situated in f, 
their own yards. These gentlemen have invested 1^^20,000 in lumber, $5,000 
in mill, and $2,000 in yards. They do a business aggi-egating from $30,000 
to $4:0,000 per annum, handling about two and a half million feet of lum- 
ber each year. They employ from live to tifteen hands constantly, while . ' 
the increasing demand for lumber must, ere long, make additional help a 
necessity. r. :....-•,' :.-.■.■-• f' ^ ■ .■•■ ■ . ■ • 


Formerly most of the products grov.-n in the country were shipped from 
Clarksville to find their markets i'l St. Louis a!;d other manufacturing 
cities. At time, stock and fruits excepted, the produce of the farmer 
i& fiold at home, and Clarksville manufactures the wheat, tobacco, and straw, 

I ; ■/ 7 r''> 


542 • HISTORY'' OF PEKE' COUNT V-. " • 

with a large per cent of tlic ri]i])les raised uitliin fi radius of fifteen miles of 
her coiju".i-ate limits. The facilities for shi])].)ii)>^, however, have been in- 
crcfit^ed, not impaired, and the railroad is made to assist the river in hear- 
iiipj to other markets the products of both our farms and factories. 


Dr. J. I). Davis was the first to undertake tlic cultivation of _i:i;rape& on 
the blufl's near the river. Ptartiui^ a small vineyard in 1SG5, he coiitiuucd 
to increase his acreage until in 1S72 he had planted not less than tit'icen 
acres, embracing the Concord, Delaware, Goethe, and other po])ular varie- 
ties. In ISGO he built a substantial brick cellar with a capacity of 20,000 
calh>n=;, at a cost of S2.500. and in the fall succeeding.'- he manufactured 10,- 
000 gallons of v;ine, the iirst ever made at Clarksville. Since ISGC J. "Winn 
Davis and other parties have plaiited vineyards, ranging in area IVuin two 
to eii:;ht acres, until now not less tlian thirty-live acres of vines may be 
seen growing luxuriantly upon the bluH's adjacent to the town, and yield- 
ing about 125,000 pounds of grapes, or about 12,0o0 gallons of wine, worth 
on the market riot le£S than $6,000. This is alrnosi: a clear gain to the town, 
as the cost of cultivation is merely nominal, v.-hile the lands upon which the 
grapes are produced are totally unlit for the production of any other crop. 


The history of Clarksville would be ineouiplete without at least a passing 
notice of this spleiidid hotel. This liouse was built in the summer of 1S76. 
It is forty-eight feet front by one hundred and eiglit feet deep, three stories 
high, and with a splendid basement under the entire building. 1 he house 
was built by Ilenry D. Eurghardt, with sonie assistance contributed by the 
citizens, and at a cost closely ap]iroximating twenty thousand dollars. It 
is well furnished and well kept, Jind is now recogrnzed by the traveling 
public as OTie of tlic vary best hotels in northeast Missouri. The north 
bound train on the C, B. vfe Q. Kailroad stops here each day for dinner, and 
apart from this the house is su]iported by a large and growing patronage. 
}iir. B. F. YatPS is the present polite and accommodating proprietor, and 
his guests all speak in the highest terms of the excellent acconunodalions 
and considerate attention which they receive while &top])ing here. 

„, ■ . - . , BUSi^'ESS HOUSES, ETC. ■ .. . 

■ The growth of Clarksville has never been rapid, and at this time, with a 
population of sixteen hundred souls, it is probably as large as flie surround- 




in^ connlry is able to suj>port. The business interests of the place arc, in- 
cluding it:- nianutactoi'ies, in excess of tliose of towns of its size, and slie is 
rrprescnteJ by no;ir]y every branch in a greater or less (leo;ree. l^elow will 
be found a list of the business houses, churches, etc., at this tinic: 

■ Drv goods stores 4 Jlotel 1 4 

Grocer}' stores 6 Boarding houses 3 /j 

Drug stores ... 3 Barber shops 3 v^ 

Hardware, tin u-a re, etc 2 Shoe store 1^ -^ 

-. Agricultural ini].lenK'nts 3 Shoe slK)ps 2 ;| 

Millinery stores 2 Jirooui manufactory . , 1 ^ j\ 

Dressiiiaking 1 Livery stable 1 . ;|. 

- Harness sho)>s .2 I^•intini' oiiiee .... 1 , .' 

Meat markets ; 2 Lawyers 2 • | 

Carriage and wagon shops .... 2 Physicians 6 'J 

Blacksmith shops 2 Churches 8 ;j 

liestanrants 3 School-houses 2 . i 

Bakery 1 J-njK'rtant factories 8 | 

• • • --1 


The oldest native female resident of Clarksville is ]\[rs. John O. Koberts, i 

who Avas born here about iitty years ago, and the oldest native male citi- 1 

zen is John Middleton. Aiiiong some of the eaily citizens who have ! 

gained more than a local distinction may be mentioned Judge T. J, j 

C. Fafcr and Col. Jan)es O. Broadhead of St. Louis, while Gen. John B. i 

Hendei'ton, of the sarae city, spent a good number of tiie years of his early ■. ] 

manhood in the townsliip, following the honorable, if not lucrative, avocation 1 

of a country school to.iehtr. 4 


Previous to LSC5 the schools of Clarksville were conducted upon the old 1 

district plan then coumion all over the country. In the tail of this year, . ,' 

however. Prof. M. S. Goodman and James lieid purchased one entire ;•' 

square (eigiit lots';, a bciiutit'ul site in the soutliern portion of the city, and ^ 

erected thereon a double two-story frame buildiiiij, contuininir si.x rooms and \ 

with capacity sulricient to accomodate 275 scholars; the outlay i'or the site, "j 

buildings, and apparatus closeiy aiiproximated $7,000. Under auspices of the | 

most fci\-orable character and with a full and conipetent I'orps of teachers, i 

this school began its career and gave a new impetus to the educational in- ,i 

terests of the city. Extending its term through the entire scholastic year, 1 

'I -M 

. . 1 ;■ ; 


niSTOKY OF riKK COllNTk'. 

liberallv patronized by the citizens of the t<nvn, and drawing largely from 
Pike and adj')ining comities, tbis school ibr noarly live successive years 
fully sustained the object of its creation, the preparitig of young men for 
tlie best institutions uf thiO coiintn', and cstablislicd the schools of the city 
upon a more permanent, S'-'lid, and successful basi^; than they had ever be- 
foi'C enjoyed. V\'iicn this |>rivate enterprise had rightly })re})ared liie v\-ay and 
the public school law of the state having at this time b;.^0!i in.augurateil, the 
people of the city availed themselves of its provisions and erected a magnifi- 
cent building on a commanding site near the western limits of the city, at a 
cost of $15,000. At iirst this school gave little promise oi" ultimate success; 
much prejudice was entertained against the system, and the attendance the 
first year v.-as comparatively small; an additional dravvback v^as inflicted the 
6econd year by confining the course of study to the primary English 
branches. During the third year, under the management of a liberal boai-d, 
an edicient principal, surlalned by a corps of intelligent teachers, thoroughly 
trained to the work and with the hearty indorsement of all the peojde, to- 
gether with a curriculum of study in keeping with the wants of pupils, the 
school moved forward on the high road of positive success. The languages, 
both ancient and modern, mathematics and cognate branches, with the sci- 
ences, belles-lettres and everything ap])ertaining to thorough mental train- 
ing were then successfully taught. The school numbered 300 pupils, with 
a gradual continued increase from month to month, and independent of its 
home patronage was beginning to be liberally patronized from abroad. 
From under the instruction of parties wlio then controlled the school young 
men passed directly to the classes of Yale College and other institutions rec- 
ognized as among the best in the country. In the ofhces as lawyers and phy- 
sicians; in the counting-rooms as clerks and book-keepers; in the field, as 
practical surveyors; and on the public works as efficient engineers, are to be 
found men who have gone out from the school at Clarksviile, to discharge 
aright th.g duties which their stations imposed and to fill up successfidly 
their mission in life. In the year 1S75 the curriculum of study was again 
reduced to the branches prescribed by the law for common district schools, 
and Clarksviile surrendered her former high j^osition in tiie field of educa- 
tion and took her place with the poorer class of country schools. This humil- 
iating position slie maintains to-day, and the ambitious few of her many 
children are forced to seek abroad that character of useful knowledge denied 
them at liorae. 

■nj< ,1' 

•' ' ,• If? 



MASOlxtO 1.0) )OK. 



"Biuo Lodge," Clarksville Lodge No. 17, A. F. iSc A. jSf., was organized 
6ome time during the year 1830. Tiie cliarter bears date, Octolier S, of this 
year. This lodge is thought to he the third organized in the State of 

Missoiu'i. ^ 

1'he tirst officers of this lodge were William 1>o\v]c?, W. i*^L; William -^ 

Bell, S. W., and J-'hu I^. Carter, J. W. The portraits of these good and -'u 
veuera'.tle men, two of whom have been called to work in the tem])le aliove, 

hang in the lodge-room. Among sume of the well-known men who have \ 

been men.ibors of this lodge may be mentioned the names of "W. S. Hough, "j 

C. C. Easrin, James O. Broadhead, T. J. C. Fagg, Peter Carr, Thomas B. ij 

Yanghan, Sainiiel and Farsun Frown. J. "W. Booth, Dr. Yi. IL McFai'land, -Vj 
J. W. Davis, r^r.Ji/lin K. Oughes. George Yaughan, FobortLindsay, Dr. K. ■ ' '■: 

T. Ilau-kins, Jcptha Ousley, and ]>r. J. AA^ TIeiti])!iin. This lodge may be j 

said to have colonized to a large extent the country in northeast Missouri, ^ 
for from her membership liave gone out masons who have aided in the or- / ^ 

ganization of other lodges in all this portion of the stare. The present offi- ' j 

cers of this lodgeare: L. F. Downing, ^Y. M.; W. L. U., S. W.; W. -^ 

F. Oglesby, J. W.; J. AVinn Davis, Treas.; F. M. Feynolds, Sec; AY. D. j 

Guile, 8. b.; John Kellv, J. D.; Thornton Johnson, Tyler. The lodge has 1 

fifty-seven members at this time, and peace and prosperity are said to pre- l 

vail therein. .1 


Clarksville Lodge Xo. I. O. O. F., was instituted February 23, 

1S52, by District Deputy Grand Alaster Theodore Betts, aided by B. II. 
Boone, Flem Calvert, and others. The- charter members were Dr. J. M. 
Porter, W. K. Sturgeon, AA"". AY. Wilson, George F. Turner, Solomon Pol- 
lock, H. S. Uershey, Wm. Partridge, John M. Clitford, AVilliam Sparrow, 
Daniel Douglass, and Jasper Jewell. The first othcers were Dr. J. M. 
Porter, X. G.; AY K. Sturgeon, Y. G.; AA''. AV. AVilson, secretary; George 1 

F. Turner, treasurer; Daniel Douglass, P. G. The present officers are: 
Lee [Middleton, X. G.; Thomas II. Edwards, Y. G.; F. M. Brasin, secre- 
tary; T. E. Derr, P. S.; John Fern, treasurer; T. II. Edwards, Lodge D. " | 
The lodge lias thirty-one members and is said to be woiking harmoniously, ! 

while it is represented, so far as money is concerned, to be in an exceedingly ^ 

flourishin'2: condition. ." i 

.1 ■ rn> 

I r 

-c' i 

546 insTOKY OK pikf: county. 

ini)i;pi:;n]:»knt okdku of good templars. 

Clarksvillc Lodge No. i)i was organized on the otli day of February, 
1870. Among tlie original members were L. II. Downing, 1. A. M. Tiiomp- 
son, W. A. Shuw, William Idle, E. L. Denelowc, L. Hickman, John Jewett, 
W. E. Jones, .Tolm ]\rid<llotoii, William S}»eneor, and \Yilliani Lallonger. 
The present otiieers are J. W. Collins, AV. C.. T.; W. L. Terry, P. AV. C. T.; 
Bettie Collins, W. A^. T.; R. K. Downing. li. S.; Delia Guile, financial 
secretary; Blanche Downing, treasurer; II. C. Denslow, chaplain. The 
lodge is represented as having a fair nieuibership an.d ni being in a reasona- 
bly prosperous condition. • ■ 


Crescent Lodge No. 27, A. O. U. AV., was organized by the Grand Depnty 
on September 28, 1S77, with twenty-nine charter men:!bcrs. as follows: V/. 
M. Anderson, J. M. Biodgott, Dr. J. E. Buchanan, Charles E. Carroll, B. 
P. Cochran, :M. E. Eidson, C. G. Gorham, A. D. Guile, J. M Givens, T. II. 
Hurd, A. T. Jamison, Eev. ,L II. Leduetter, W. D. Alujor, Elder J. 11. 
Matthews. A. M. Mounce, J. S. Manti]Jy, S. F. Mayes, W. W. Mantiply, 
Dr. C. T. Pepper, T. A. O/nohundro, Dr. AV. A. Pharr, E. Pepper, N. M. 
Pettingell, II. A. Pegan, John O. Eoberts, M. A. llenean, J. A. Shaw, 
W. B. Buchanan, and T. E. Whitloch. The following named gentlemen 
have since been initiated: John E. Furgey, John A. Y/irich, Juh.n 
Lundborg, William Jeans, Francis Simonds, P. M. Penean, John T. 
Ellis, S. O. Eastin, J. J. Baciianan, Dr. J.D. Davis, Walter Keightley, and 
James Buchanan; and by card the fullirsving have been admitted: Elder E. 

B. Cake, W. J. Seaman, Wm. Mclntosii, A. Mcintosh, and E. A. Williams. 
The lirst oihcers were J. II. Matthews, P. W. M.; W. D. Major, W. M.; J. 
R. Buclianan, G. F. ; J. M. Blodgett, overseer; Vv. M. Anderson, recorder; 
T. E.Wliitlock, financier; W. A. Pharr, receiver; T. A. Omohundro, G.; 

C. T. Pepper, T. W., and A. M. Monnce, O. W. The present officers 
are A. Mcintosh, M. W.; Francis Simonds, G. F.; A. T. Jamison, overseer; 
li. P. Downing, recorder; John O. Pobcrts, receiver; S. P. Cochran, linau- 
cier; J. S. Mantiply, G.; P. B. Norman, T. W.; Walter Keightley, N.; 
Joiin A. Wirick, P. Af. W. The order has at this time thirty-one members 
in irood standing and is in a most excellent condition. The assessments 
paid by each charter member for deaths for the tive years endiiig September 
26, 1SS2, was .-<S2.i)l>, an average of sit]. 40 per annum on a policy of $2,000. 
The total amount of assessments paid by this lodge aggregates 82,378, which 
has i(onc to assist the otiier local lodges of this benevolent order to meet 


fully rirul prompth' the insurance cirried on the life of thoir deceased meui- 
bers, and to supply the pressing' wunts of many households v^hose heud luis 
forever passed away. 

KNIGHTS OF no>'OK. •. . , .. 

Calumet Lodge Xo. 1968, K. of IL, wag orijanizcd v.-ith twonty-two char- 
ter members, by Deputy Grand State Dictator W. L. Graydou, on January 
7, 1880. The names of the charter menibei-s are: ^I. ]'. Kidson, W. D. 
Major, W. B. Xicklin, T. A. Otn.ohundro, John A. Wiriek, J. S. JSrantipIy, 
R. B. Campbell, B. F. Yates, J. G. Anderson, S. F. Mayes, I^'raak Simonds, 
Dr. J. H. Story, Di: J. D. Davis, John Fern, Lee Middleton, T. W. Lock, 
W. Mcintosh, A. Mcintosh, S. P. Cochran, J. W. Simonds, J. W. Collins, 
and E. 11. Perkins. Tiie officers were AV. J). Major, dictator; AV. B. Nick- 
lin, vice-dictator; John S. MantipJy, reporter; John A. Wirick, financial 
reporter. The present officers arc: J. A. Wirick, dictator; John Fern, 
vice-dictator; C. L. Carroll, reporter, and James Blain, financial re])orter. 
Tlie order has gradually increased until now it has thirty-five members, har- 
moniously working together, and mutually assisting each other in the dis- 
charge of ali the duties and obligations <*-rowiug out of the relation which 
thev sustain to the lodge and to each other. 


This, tlie oldest church in the city of Clarkevillo, was organized in the 
year lS3->. Tlie house, a substantial frame structure, forty by fifty feet, was 
built in the same year at a cost of twenty-live hundred dollars, and was dedi- 
cated in 183G by llev. Jacob Lanins. The house is well located, being situ- 
ated on Main street and near the center of the town, and is for this reason 
eligible to almost the entire population of tlie city. The ministers who 
have ofticiated here within the past half century are Pevs. Jacob Lanins, 
^Yw. A. Rush, C. I. Yandeventer, A. P. Linn, C. E. Sexton, W. A. May- 
hew, Tiiomas B. King, W. A. Tarwater, P. D. Yandeventer, J. F. Shores, 
J. H. Ledbetter, and J. M. O'Brien, the present minister in charge. The 
original members were Dr. Thomas Booth, Henrietta Booth, AVilliam Bal- 
lenger, Elizabeth Ballanger, Agnes Guathmey, Ezekiel Ferrili, Eliza Ferrill, 
John Davis, Margaret Davis, W. S. Hough, Martha Hough. Jeremiah Rob- 
erts, Mildred Roberts, and Mavy Swain. This ch.urch has a membership of 
one hundred ommunicants, and more than fifty scholars regularly attend 
th.e faabbath-school. J. M. Clifiord is tlie church clerk, and W. L. Teny 
euperinleudent of the Sunday school. In this connection it may be proper 


to remark that tbo M. E. Chnrcli South has in Pike county ton cliurchcs, 
with sittings for four thousand people, live pastors, eight hundred and fifty 
members, and ])ropcrty valued at $21,000. Few churches have done more 
for any cotninunity tlian lias this for tlie people of Clarksvilje. Planted 
here at a time when the ]>opulation was meairer and wlicn there wore but 
few churches in tb.o country, it became at an early day the one sacred ])lace 
where pious Christians for miles around assembled to worship. To him- 
dreds, perliaj^s to thousands, its solemn ordinances have been administered 
and multitudes that have passed away learned here to believe those sacred 
truths that make life and duty and death a joy. 


This churcli was organized by Revs. A. G.-lMitchell, S. W. Marston, and 
J. D. Biggs, on Januai-y 22, 1874. The constituting members were James 
Major, W. D. IMaj^.T, Kate I\rajor, B. F. Yates, Margaret Yates, G. ^V. Pen- 
dleton, Susan E. Pendleton, S. A. Edwards, Mar}- J. Edwards, Emily Lim- 
erick, C. C. Kunkel, Mary Kunkel, Martha Berry, Theodore Berry, W. II. 
Bibb, JN^artlia J. Bibb, Elizabeth Beamcr, Jeptha Ferrill, Elizabeth Ferrill, 
Madncia Edwards, and W. IL iNicklin. The first minister called to this 
churclt was liev. W, IL Jjurnhani, the Ilev. Bibb having ofliciated l)efore 
as a supph\in]^thc absence of a regular ])astor. The Revs. Wm. English 
and D. "W. Morgan have since ])reached to this congregation, the latter for 
nearly two years, and continues at this time to serve them very acceptably. 
The Baptists worshiped in both the C. P. Church and tiie M. E. Church 
South previous to tiie time of providing their own house, which v. as erected 
in ISTG, and dedicated by Bev. M. IL Pogson in April, 1ST7. Their church 
building is a beautiful semi-Gothic structure, built of brick, forty-two by 
fifty-four feet, vrell provided with suitable furniture, aisles carpeted, and 
pews comfortable and free. As an incident connected with the building of 
this cliurch it is but just to state that the bell, which is a very superior one, 
was mostly paid for with moriey contributed and solicited by Master Al- 
bert Yates, a very young boy, and who is now a meniber of this churcli. 
May we not indulge the hope that the earnings of his maturer life may be 
as well expended as the slow accumulations of his almost infantile years? 
The church is at this time in a flourishing condition, numbering about sixty 
communicants, v.ith sixty-five Sunday-school scholars in regular attendance, 
and the prayer'meetings not only kept up but well and regularly attended. 
The officers of the church are S. A. Edwards, B. F. Yates, and W. D. Ma- 
jor, deacons. The latter gentleman is also clerk of the church and superin- 
tendent of the sabbath-school. 




Previous to the time of the orirAnization of the chuixh in Clarksville the 
eommutiiciintfi of the Christian Church worshiped at Rninsey Creek, a 
church now owned by the Baptists, situated on a creek of that name about 
five miles soutli of Clarksville. In the year J 851 or lSn2 Elder John Mul- 
herrin ori::ani;',ed a c]iur?.li in Clarksville, and tliosc wlio Iiad wor.-liipcd at 
Ramsey and who resided north of that stream transferred tlieir member- 
ship to Ch^rksville, and for a wdu'le conducted their services in an old brick 
school-house situated near the western limits of the town. In tlieyear 1552 
tliey erected on a beautifnl lot in the southern portion of the city a commodi- 
ous and substantial brick structure, forty by sixty feet, where tlsey have ever 
since convened and where many additionsfrora the clrildren of itsfoundei'sajid 
others of the community linve been made, until now it is one of the strong- 
est churclies witlu'n the limits of Pike county, liaving a membership of 
about one lumdred and twenty-five communicants. Amono; the original 
members may be mentioned the names of such men as Ilendley Kissinger, 
William Davis, Samuel Dennv, Jeptha Onsley, ^.lordecai Atnos, and others 
of sterling qualities of niind and heart. The ministers who have served this 
church since its establishment in Clarksville are IClders John Mulherrin, J. 
Errell, E.Y. Pice, J. J. IZice, Timothy Ford, J. M. Henry, Peter Donan, 
J. H. Matthews, and E. B. Cake, representing some of the best pulpit tal- 
ent in this portion of the state. Sunday-school has been regidarly kept up 
and is at present in a flourishing condition, with S. A. Drake as superin- 
tendent. Mr. T. H. Teague is the clerk or secretary of the church. Tte 
present elders are S. A. Drake.. J. A. Shaw, and J. C. Gillurp. The deacons 
are T. H. Teague,. John Middleton, C. Johnson, B. F. Boone, and J. T. 


This church was organized xVpril 2, 1S6S, by Pev. M. M. Tucker. The 
constituting members were M. M. Tucker, Ann L. Tucker, W, W. Crock- 
ett, Elizabeth Crockett, Minerva Crockett, Samuel P. Givens, Elizabeth 
Givens, Wilbour Givens, Alex. D. Mcltosh, James H. Ballard, Lanra A. 
Ballard, Pncy A. E. Tucker, ?t[ary Porter, Elizabeth Patton, Mary Patton, 
and Pauiimi Kume. Immediately after their organization the congregation 
elected A. D. Mcintosh and S. U. Givens thei'- ruling elders, and Pev. M. 
M. Tucker was employed as their paetor. For a short time the members of 
this ciiurch worshiped in the M. E. Church South, until they bought the 
northern Methodist Church for the sum of ^■1,500, although this substantial 



brick edifice liad originrJlj cost about §3,000. This church is in a reasun- 
ably prosperous condition, liavin<; about sixty nieaibers, with ]>reacliin'^'- 
twice each montii, weuklj prayer mcetiri*^, and a well attended sabbath- 
school. The ministers who liave served tliis church are Kevs. M, E. Tucker, 
W. .B. McKlwee, Taylor Oeriiard, Jatnes Duvall, T. L. Love, and T. Eorn- 
ard u;:;ain in charg'e, lu 1S7.5, lor the iirst time in the history of tlie town, 
this church observed the " week of prayer" according to tlje regulations of 
the " Evangelical Alliance,"' and tlie ])raetice has been kept up since that 
time. The chuich owns a pitrsonage costing $1,000, which, like their house 
of worship, has been paid for. They have au excellent organ, and such 
furniture and library as is necessary to the interest of the service and tiie 
nse of the sabbath-school. The nieinbership has long labored together in 
perfect harinony, atid the object of its uiission.s, the impartation of religious 
instruction, and the editication of each other has, in large measure, been ac- 

l . ' ■ • ■ . • ' - 


Grace Episcopil Ciuircli was organized March 21, 1869. The building is 
a neat little frame of Gothic style of architecture, costing $1,500, and situ-- 
ated on Main street in the extreine southern part of the, city. The house 
was consecrated in the year above named by lu'ght Itev. ]3ishop Ilobertson. 
Tlje original members were Hon. G. Porter, wife and three daughters, K. H. 
Norris, wife and daughter, C. jST. llickersun, wife and daughter, John L. 
Luke, Frank T. Meriwether, W. A. Luther and wife, "W, B. Carlisle and 
wife; IL J. Phillips and tv,-(t daughters, Mrs. George Johnson, S. P. Coch- 
ran and wife, Ada Hemphill, W. C. McFarland, John Winn Davis, James 
Plain, Miss Liza Lee, J. W. Buchanari and Mrs. Charles Logan. The first 
vestry was composed of the following gentlemen: Jolm L. Luke, senior war- 
den; "W. I>. Carlisle, junior warden; F. T. Meriwether, treasurer; J. AV. 
Buchanan, secretary: Ju.jge G. Porter, Capt. B. P. Clifford and C. M. Hick- 
erson. The following ministers have ofticiated here: Pevs. A. J. Yeater, 
Dr. Jennings, Abiel Leonard, B. F. Matran and J. M. Curtis. 


St. Joseph's Catholic Church was organized in the fall of 1S6S by Rev. 
Thomas Clcary, and the house of worship, a frame building, thirty by 
seventy feet, was erected during the same year atid dedicated in the year 
succeeding. TIic original meml)ers were Michael Pickard, Eugene Rick- 
ard, Bartholomew Cole, Tiiomas Cole, John Kinney, Patrick Fiynn, P. 






Wlieelcr, James Flannigaii, Samuel Fl;uiiii^;an, A. llirt, liridget Riclard, 
Thomas IS'ickorsoii, ^V. Walton, J. Curly, Jrunes O'Doniicll, John Ghiss, 
Arm Kickard, Ishxry Jvinney, Bridget Fijnn, Bridget Nickerson, Kate Flan- 
nigan, Kate Glass, Marj' O'Donnell and Kate Decker. There are about 
thirty ineinhcrs at this time. This clip.rch lias been served ministerially by 
the lievs. Fathers Kelly, x\'"urray, Kcan, Gleason, Calmii, Francis, Victor, 
and Nulty. 

^ ■"■'■" 


Both the Baptist and Methodist denominations among the colored people 

have a church of their own. These houses are eacl.i about thirty by fifty feet ! 

in size, well framed together and costing each about eiglit hundred dollars. ^j 

The Baptist Church v/as organi/:ed in 1S7G and the Methodi?t several years \ 

prior to this date. They have each a membership somewhat in excess of I 

one hundred cominujiica?>ts and for the most part conduct their services in \ 

a decent and an orderly manner. They liave each a Sunday-scliool to which ] 

considerable attention is given, and their ])raver meetin^-s are no more nc"-- ' 

lected than those of other cluD'ches. Each church retains a preacher, and | 

additions to the membership are frequent, although it is not uncommo)! for 1 

them to dismiss some of their number at stated intervals. These churchea 1 

are doubtless doing good, and in the near future when the colored i 

preacher shall have been j-repared by proper education for the proper dis- '] 
charge of ])is clerical duties, they will be made to contribute much to the ! 

enliirhtenraent and elevation of the race. 4 


Amid all tlie excitement incident to an active business life the people of • 

Clarksville have not been unmindful^ot their duty to the dead. Less than a i 

mile from the southern limits of the city and at a small remove from the 1 

gravel road they purchased in the summer of ISGS a beautiful plat of "-round I 

containing botv;een eleven and twelve acres at a cost of ?^2,150, which they { 

at once proceeded to suitably prepare as a permanent and beautiful place of 1 

burial. Th.e ground was carefully laid out into six blocks with beautiful I 

driveways and avenues for the convenience of iiie the funeral cortege. The I 

blocks were subdivided into lots which aggregate five hundred and eight in j 

number, and a small ])ortion of the land, about one-half acre, was reserved t 

as a "potter's field " where the stranger and the poor are given free sepul- | 

ture, Tlie cit}* retains in its employ a sexton, who by the provisions of its i 
ordinances is, as city officer, permitted to reside v»'ithout its limits, but udio ■ 1 

. 1 

552 msTOKY OF tike county. 

ie responsible to the city council, wlio^e servant lie is, for nil his oificial acts, 
A neat house, sitiuited within the limits of the cemetery, furnisli the sexton 
with a comfortable home, and here he lives and labors, devoting all )iis ti»jie 
to tiie interment of the dead, the making of removals from other ceme- 
teries to this or adding;' additional ornamentation to tlie beautiful home of 
the sleepint^ dead. Up to the present time iive hundred and eleven inter- i 
nients, including removals, have boon made in the cemetery ])roper, while 
two hundred and seven have been buried in the "potter's field.*' To eacli 
of the several churches of the city a lot lias been donated, while ihe Masons 
and Odd Fellows have each purchased Iwo lots for the benefit of their re- 
spective orders. One or more lots are sold to those desiring them at a mere j 
nominal cost, and the owners are permitted to beautify the graves of their 1 
loved ones in such matmer as their own sense of propriety may suggest, pro- 
vided that nothing is done to conflict with the rights or convenience of 
otherSj and where such ornamentation cannot prove hr.rtf'ul to the marble or 
other surroundings. Tiiere is a registry of every internment, giving name, j 
Dationality, age, cause of death, and number of both block and lot in wjiich 
the deceased lias been buried. The blue-grass, which here grows spontane- 
ously and luxuriantly, is kept reduced to an evenly shaven lawn, and in the 
early springtime beautiful flowers perfume the soft air with their fragrance, 
while blooming immortelles speak eloquently, if silently, of a life beyond 
the tomb, whose joy is unending but whose gateway is death. 


This village of four hundred inhabitants is situated in the southern 
portion of C;duiuGt tcwnsliip, iji a beautiful little valley partially hemmed 
in by a circular range of hills which furnish a fitting background to one of 
nature's most charming pictures. The fertility of the soil, the am])le sup- 
ply of good, pure water, and the beauty and picturosqueuess of the scenery 
were inducements Vvdiich the early settlers could not resist. As early as 
1819 a few '"newcomers" had settled upon the lands adjacent to the pres- 
ent vilhigt-, and Thomas Buchanan, who was evidently the first settler upon 
the present site of the tov.-n, had built his cabin and located here. Follow- 
ing h'lin came Andrew Forgey, who settled at Paynesville as early as 1S23, 
buying out Euchanan and preparing at once to engage in merchandising 
with the view of sujqdying the few and simple wants of the early settlers. 
The town did not increase very rapidly in population, for, as late as 1S31, j 
there were hut three families in the place; viz, A. Foro-ev's, Alfred Smith's 

17 7 Of- <l, 



ajid Thomas Palmer's. For^'cy was a irjercliaiit; Smitli a tan nor, and Palmer 
to his other acconiplishiucnts added the usefal avocation of a blackstnith. 
i\bout lSl.^;> tlie town lirst came into the possession of a name, which it re- 
ceived from Andrew For;^-e}', who called it Pajnesville after a Mr. Payne, 
of St. Louif, from whom ho bouo;ht his first stock of goods. At tills early 
doy the town had neither post-ollice nor public road, hut suoii thereafter it 
was regularly laid out by 'Squire ]N^oyes, at the instance of Judge Forgey, 
and, as the village commenced to j^row, the facilities for reaching the place 
and receiving the mails w^ re alike improved. Mr. Wm. Yaughau was the 
first postmaster of Paynesvillc, and for several years retained the situation, 
more as a convenience to the ])ublic tlian from any considerations of profit, 
Paynesville has never had any town organization and hence ]i'.>ne of her cit- 
izens have been dignified wiih the questionable honor of trustee or alder- 
man, bat nowhere within the limits of the state has there been city, town, or i 
village, in which more peri'ect order has prevailed or where there is a better 1 
moral or religious infinence exerted. But while the village is small, its cit- :\ 
izens are public si)iriced and some of the mo.-t important enterprises of the j 
county have recci.ed their moral and active support. They gave eounten- .{ 
ance to the building of our gravel roads and lent their assistance to our i 
railways. The first agricultural fair ever held in the county was at Paynes- i 
ville, and here also convened the first medical association ever called to meet 


in northeast Missouri. As the outs^rowth of the railroad convention lield iu i 

St. Louis in 1835, which was induced by the wonderful activity in railroad I 

building in the. older eastern states, the ])eople of this village, led by \ 

Dr. J. H. JEIughes and others, sought and secured from the legislature of \ 

the state, in the winter of 1S36-7, a charter for a railroad from Paynesville ] 

to Jackson's (now Steele's) Landing on the Mississippi. This, with the four | 

others applied for at the same time, are the first charters for railroads ever | 

obtained in Missouri and doubtless tlic first ever granted by the legislature | 

of any state west "f the Mississippi Piver. i 

Below will be found a list of the business houses, schools churches etc., -i 


at this time: 

L>ry gi^ods stores 3 Harness shop 1 

Grocery store 1 Blacksmith shops •. 2 

Drug store 1 Hotel 1 

Millinery store 1 Shoe shop 1 

Physicians 2 School-houses 3 

Churches . 3 Mill 1 

35 . . • 


' . it 

i ) 



Prior to the year 1S50 tliere were no schools in Payne.-ville other tlu-iri 
those conducted on tlie old and common district jdaii. In this year, ji^jw- 
ever, T. J. Forney commenced a school of a higher order, which lie success- 
fully conducted for several years, when he v/as Ruccceded by Prof. Marcel- 
lus Gorin, who was employed at a salary of one hundred dollars per month 
and who. Tor a term of yea; s, taught a very successful and satisfactory ?chool. 
After Mr. Gorin had given up his charge of the school, the old system, for a 
short time, was again pursued, but in 1SG7 Forgey Acadeiny was built, and 
for a series of years, under the control of Mr. Nicholas Thurmond, this.insti- 
tution continued to flourish and a new impetus was given to the educational 
interests of the community. From thih lime until the iall of 1S70, the pub- 
lic school, under the management of some of the best teachers in the county, 
was jnadc to meet th.e wants of the people; but at this time the citizens or- 
ganized r. hi<rh school and employed Prol". Pirkey, of La Grange, a gentle- 
man of sch.olarly attainments, to take charge of the same, and at the expira- 
tion of one year he resigned his place and was succeeded by Prof. Collins, 
who has also given place to Prof. J. P. Gass, a gentleman of liberal culture 
and large experience, nntler wliose cautious guidance the school has been 
piloted to a higher place of usefulness than it. has ever before attained. This 
school under its present management deserves more than a passing notice. 
"With a curriculum of study more comprehensive than that of many of the 
so-called colleges; with a system of training calculated to develop the phys- 
ical, intellectual, and moral natures, and recognizing the individnalit}' and 
idiosj'ucracy of every student and suiting their discipliTie and instruction 
thereto, Profs. Ga^is and Schell are successfully training their pupils in har- 
mony with that system which is at the same time the most rational and val- 
uable. There are about seventy young ladies and gentlemen receiving in- 
struction here, and the wisdom of the parents who propose to educate their 
children at home and thus avoid both the expense and possible vicious in- 
fluences of the boarding school cannot be gainsayed. The music depart- 
ment is under the control of ^Hss L. C. Errett, an accomplished musician 
who has tor th.e last four years successfully taught in the Academy. She 
has at this time a class of iifceen young ladies, to whose instruction she de- 
votes her time and attention. Put as the University follows the Academy, 
so also the Academy follows and depends upon the common or public 
Bchool, and in this regard Paynesville is well supplied. There is a good 
public school building in the village, supplied with suitable furniture and 



with fcixty pupils in attendance. The length of the school term is five 
montlife and the braiiches tautjht are those prescribed bj tlie school law of 
the state. Pruf. J. A. Grimes is in char^-e, with ]\Hss Sallie Deanchanip as 
assistant. The school has been well conducted and is meeting the expecta- 
tions of its patrons. '' ' ■ 



ravnesville Lodi:^e ^o. 49, A. F. tfc A. j\1., was orr^anized some time in' .U 

the fall of 1S7T. Tlie charter bears date October 11, of this year. The first -] 

officers of this lodge were Dr. R. T. Hawkins, W. M.; J. C. Bradley, S. AV.; J 

B. J). Woodson, J. 'W. The charter members were R. T. Hawkins, J. C. fj 

Bradley, B. I). Woodson, Austin B]'«dley, F. W. Patton, E. A. Townsley, ' •■ 

and several others. The present otiicers are John P. Gass, "W. M. ; 11. T. % 
Hawkins, S. W.; G. W. Davis, J. W. The lodge is represented as being 
in a prosperous condition, with nineteen jut-nibers. 

Mirpah Lodge Xo. 35, I. O. G. T., organized in January, 1S7S. The '\ 

charter members were Rachaei Errett, Alraira Bush, Millie Zumv/alt, Mol- \ 

lie Holt, Margaret Forgey, W. H. Henderson, Kate Prior {nee Eastiii), Sallie i 

Smither, Rev. J. H. Ledbetter, J. A. Grimes, and others. The first olHcers \ 

were Pev, J. H. Ledbetter, W. C. T.; Pachael Errett, W. Y. T; John I 

Curry, W. Chap. ; J. A. Grimes, Sec'y ; E. A. Gilbert, AV. F. S. ; Sallie Smither, \] 

W. T. The lodge has at this time about fifty members and has for several « 

years been doing good work for the community in whose midst it has been ;i 

established. • , . tl 

■ ■■■ - % 

I - M. E. CHUKCir SOUTH. • J 

^ This church was organized near Paynesville somewhere about the year ^ 

1823 or IS'24: For a number of years the congregations met and wor- J 

shiped at the houses of the different members, and for miles around the -1 

people assembled to hear proclaimed the word of God. At this early day 

1 the people were few and the settlements :it a considerable remove from each 

[ other, but the zealous and faithful servant of God continued to 2:0 from one 

I . . . 

I to another, exhorting the people, encouraging the church, and preaching to 

all the glad tidings of salvation. 

A.mong some of the early members of this church, planted in this west- ;-.i 

ern wilderness more than half a century ago, may be mentioned the names ,-.i 

of xVndrew Forgey, Mary Forgey, Julian Bryan, John Jewett, Samaria Mc- 

> A. .'. i-.'i" 
,1 I 


Qneen, Robert McDowell, liieliard Wells, Mary "VVells, Perry Wells, Mor- 
decai Ainos, Susan Amos, Mmj Carr, Win. Vanglian, John and Joseph 
Long, liichard l.ilcs, Richard Kerr, Peggy Clifford, and ]\[ary Lawrence, 
almost all ofwliom have passed away. Among the iirst preachers of this 
early period ate k.und the names of Revs. AYilliam Patton, G. C. Light, 
Andrew Monroe, Richard Bond, John Thatcher, and Conley Smith, men 
whose deep pifty and vigorous coramon sense would be as couBpicnous now 
*as when speaking from the platform in the forest they engaged the atten- 
tion and won the hearts of the early settlers. x\ot until 1S32 did the Meth- 
odists build tluir church at Paynesville, when the membership scattered 
over that portion of the county was organized into one religious body. In 
18 — the old church, badly in need of expensive repairs and too small to 
meet the want:? of a congregation that was rapidly increasing, was torn 
away and a splendid brick church was erected on its site. The church is 
now both numerically and spiritually strong, and through the preaching of 
tlie word, the attendance upon the prayer meeting, and the closest attention 
tot he wants of a prosperous sabbath-school, the people of this religious or- 
ganization havu dune, and are doing, a work for the elevation of our com- 
mon humanity and for the advancement of the religious interests of the 
community, winch has not only been felt in the lives of hundreds but which 
will yet tell in the destiny of thousands. 


The Christiafi Church was organized at Ramsey Creek on February 2, 
1S23. It continued its organization here, gaining new accessions and pro- 
mulgating the essential principles of a vital Christianity until the year 
1852, when, becoming numerically strong and feeling themselves financially 
able to prepare better houses of worship, they agreed to divide the congre- 
gation into two &e]iarate bodies, those north of Ramsey Creek to convene 
and worship at a house to be built in Clarksville, and those living south of 
the creek to build a house of worship at Paynesville. This was accordingly 
done, and in l>:5-2 a splendid church editice was erected and soon thereafter 
founally dedicated to the service of God. Among the members of the 
Ramsey Creek congregation are found the names ot Paul Ilarpool, John 
Mrilherrin, Francis Watts, P.enjariiin Barton, Stephen Mulherrin, Rebecca 
Mulherriu, W. W. W. Watts, and Jane Barton, the last of whom still sur- 
vives and is a resident of Paynesville, within tiiree miles of the old church 
where she first worshiped sixty years ago. 




The church at Paynesvilo 1ms been nnn-^ually prosperous. Under the 
ministration of able and pious |);istors, it lins continued to grow until now 
the membership numbers almost two liundred and fift}' coniinunicants. Tiie 
fiabbath-school which was coeval with with the church and whose members 
arc constantly supplying the places of tlie pious dead, now number seventy- 
live scholars, and what is at least unusual if not reuiarkalile, one superin- i 
tendent, Mr. J. T. Duvall, lias served the school for a period of fifteen years. i 
Mr. Frank W. Patton acts in the capacity of clerk of the church and has •+. 
long had charge of its records. .1 
In connection with the history of this church a brief notice of the life and j 
labors of its late able, devoted, and much loved pastor would seem eminently | 
fitting. Elder J. J, Errett was born in New York City in the vear 1315. ' i 

Havino' lost his father vrhen a mere boy he removed with his motlier to Fenn- | 

. I 

sylvania, where the earnings of his early manhood was devoted to the mainte- i 

nance of his aged pai-ent. In 1S?>8, when but eighteen years of age, he be- " ] 

came a Christian and the whole of his future life illustrated the faith which j 

he then professed. He was married in 1839, and in the fall of the 

same year rcnoved with his "Nvife to Palmyra, jMissouri, wiiere he resided ^ 

until 1852, vs"hcn he ren^ioved to Paynesville, where he died on the 14th of ]. 

Septemi.)er, 188'). Mr. Errett was a brother of the lion. Kussell Errett, a J 

member of Coufrress from the state of Pennsvlvania, and also of Elder Isaac i 

Errett, editor of the CJtrlstiaii Sta,ndarJ ^ and who delivered the funeral I 

oration over the body of the late President Garfield. Before leaving Pal- ij 

myra he had been set apart '-to do the work of the evangelist," and had "J 

preached the word of life to multitudes in different parts of his adopted 

state. Ho brouglit to his work at Paynesville the same zeal and devotion ■ | 

that had characterized the cilorts of his earlier labors. CominG: amons: • 

Strangers he won their confidence by his fidelity and their affection by the 1 

devotion of his talent and his energies to their spiritual i interests. From ' \ 

the-'mew preacher," scarcely known to any, he came to be the friend and j 

counsellor of all. While it could truly be said of him, ''he was a good ] 

man,'' he possessed the largest sympathies for the frailties of his kind. For j 

thirty years he miuistered to this people in holy things and built up one of \ 

the strongest churches in all tlie country. During his ministry here he 

ofliciated at two liundred and six marriage ceremonies; immersed 2,174 

persons and received tjv letter into the Church of Christ four hundred and 

I seventy-five members. He visited the brethren, nursed the sick, adminis- 

I tered consolation to the dying and spoke of immortality at the grave of the 

I dead. The last 3al)bath he spent on earth was one of prayer and praise. 


He preached to hiri jieople in bif? own chiircli. Two days later tlie summons 
came and Ibutul him waiting. Death was inr>taiitaneous, and a pure spirit, 
freed from its tenement of elay, soiii;,ht its " mansion in the skies." 


It is mo -c than seventy years ago since the Urst wliitc man built his 
cabin within the present limits of Calumet township. For a brief period 
these solitudes echoed to tlie voices of but few of the sons of civilization. 
But within a single decade from the coming of the first few families, tliere 
had been planted within tlie borders of the township several very promising 
settlements, and the cabins of the "new comers " could now be seen nestled 
at the foot of the beautiful hills or partially hidden a^\■ay by the under- 
growth tliat fringed the margins of the streams. There is nothing pecu- 
liarly romantic in this early history. If a })rehistoric race once trod this 
fertile soil they have left few mementoes of their being. It is trub the In- 
dians were here, but with the coming of the sons of toil, the children of the 
forest begun gradually to disappear. Once they traversed these flouery 
vales and roamed the ;e wooded hills, but they have long since g6ne, and 
gone forever, and their memory lives only in the traditions of the burning 
cabin and the records of the few victims of the tomahawk and scalping 
knife. After IBiio it was no longer the Indian who sought his subsistence 
from the prairie or the wildwood, but the white hunter who trod these wilds 
upon the track of his game, and who with steady nerve and unerring eye, 
guided the trusty ritlc that sent, speeding on its errand of death, the leaden 

The early settlers of Calumet township were intellectually and morally 
the equals of any class of men that has ever planted human habitation within 
the domain of state or territory upon tiiis western continent. There Vv'ere 
amonsr them no sinoflc one who was fleeiuf; from tlie terrors of the lav; or 
who had been driven out by social ostracism. They were men who* had 
been reared for the most part in happy homes, surrounded by the comforts 
of life, with the advantages of the best social relations and with that char- 
acter of education furnished by the best facilities of the times. Morally, 
they recognized duty a privilege and right a law; socially, they made the 
interest of their neighbor paramount to the aggrandizement of self. 
Financially, but few of the early settlers were very rich and none were very 
poor. They had come seeking homes and with money to buy them. They 
had left the older states, not because they could no longer live there, but 
because they felt that they could do better here. To build homes for their 
children in the west they had disposed of their own in the east. 

PAYNKSVILLE. ' •' 559 


The settlers v.-ei'c principally from Yiri^inia'and Tventiicky, although 
some came trotn i^ortli Carolina and a tew from Tennessee. Many broii^^ht 
with thesn a o-j-eater or le.-s numl)er of slaves, and the ra|)id clearing away 
of tlie heavy forests and the preparation of the ground for the earliest crops 
is in large measure attribut-tV)le to their labor. Tender })roper care for their 
physical condition, the increase of tliis specie^ of proi)erty had been so rapid 
that at tiie commencement of the Civil War Pike county was one of tlie 
very largest 6la\'e-holding counties in the state. 

It is difhcalt to assert with any degree of certainty who were the very 
earliest settlers, but the list given below will furnish accurate informatioa 
as to the time when many who were among the earliest first came to the 
townsliip. It is believed by many that Joe Scott was the first white mail 
that ever canje into ('alumet township, and that as early as 1805 he settled 
near the present site of Clarksville, where he remained for about two years, 
when he returned to Kentucky and some years thereafter came back and 
settled the "Scott's Springs" place in Cuivrc tovvnship. But it is as late as 
lolG and 1817 that any definite and authoritative data can be had respocL- 
ing sett''emeuts. In the year 1S16 James Burns settled on the present site 
of the city of Clarksville and Samuel Ewing at a remove of but a few miles 
from him. In ISl-i Jesse Huofhs settled about four miles southwest of 
Clarksville, and in 1817, his brother John Hughs located on a place ad- 
joining his. The Paynesville neighborhood was settled from 1817 to 18-20 
by the Mulherrins, liuddeils, McCues, Spears, Buikalews, Weldons, Har- 
pools, Hansfords, Boxleys, Bartons, and others. The Mulherrins and Bar- 
tons Mdth AV^illiam Thomas and others canie in 1817, v.diile Andrew Forgey 
first settled in the neigliborhood in 1819, Samuel Shuck in 1820, Thomas i 

Fatten about lS2i, Dr. C. C. Eastin in 1817, Abram Lear in the same year, 
while Mordecai Amos and other old settlers came a few years thereafter. 
The Clarksville neighborhood was settled about 1816 or 1S17 by Llewellen 
Brown, and James C. Fielden, with Robert Burns and Samuel Ewing; and i 

about one or tv/o years thereafter there came Capt. John Stark, Warren i 

Swayne, William Simonds, Ephraim Jenkins, Major J. W. Booth, Jeptha \ 

Ousley, Jo'in ii. Carter and James McCord. William Denny settled two j 

miles west of Clarksville about the year 1817, and Capt. Mackey several j 

miles north of it about the same year. On and near Ramsey Creek \ 

and at about the center of the township, Major John Watte had made a set- j 

tlement a-: early as ISlS, while about two miles north of him William i 

McCuL'e had located the year before. In the same year in which Watts j 

settled on Bamscv, Wm. PatrersoQ, with his two sons, John and William, ] 



had^renioved from St. Louis county and settled upon the farm upon which 
Williaui now resides. In 1820 Slountjoy SchoU settled in the western part 
of the township, wliilc liincs Worshnm, with his tlirce sons located near 
Patterson, and in 1S23, William LaFurcc and othei's settled in its central 
portion. I'rom this time until 1S40 the yireara of immigration continued 
to flow in tl'is direciion, and A^irginia and Kentucky were sending out their 
best and most courageous sons to carve their fortunes out of tbese western 
wilds. In this time there had come tl\e (k.>lcs, Edwards, Givens, Wilsons 
Davises, Turners, Yaughans, Clarks, Meriwethers, Goodmans, Bankheads, 
Schoolers, Paxtons, and others, whose names are as household words, and 
whose descendants make up a large proportion of both Calumet township 
and Piko covinty. Probably the ilist marriage ever celebrated in the i^jwn- 
ship was that of Jnlia I\hiun to Dr. Lane about the year 1817 or 1818. Miss 
Munn was a daughter of Tiev. Munn, a reformed minister, and su])pt>sed by 
many to liave been the first preacher in the townsliip. Both the parties re- 
sided at or near Clarksville. Anotlier ver_v early marriage, and by some 
supposed to antedate the above, was dames Templeton to Miss Mackey, 
not later than the fall of IS 18. John Patterson and Jane Maxwell were 
married on September 2d, 1819, and this venerable and most estimable old 
lady is still living and continues to relate witii much quaintness and humor 
many of the happenings of sixty years ago. 

The first child born in the township, as remembered by Afrs. Elizabeth 
Mackey, was Elizabeth. Ewing, but jnst when is not known. 

Dr. Lane, who married Miss Munn, is supposed to have been the first 
physician in the township, although Drs. Stewart, Booth, and Eastin must 
have been very nearly contemporaneous with him. 

The iirst man killed was John McGee, by the Indians, about the year 
1816, and this is also probably the first death ever known in the township. 
Kancy Ewir.g was the first to die fr<.>m disease or natural causes. Tlie first 
serious accident was the breaking of the leg of John Duke by a falling tree. 
A man was dispatched to St. Charles for a surgeon, but the creeks were up 
and he was detained. After waiting for more than two days for the physi- 
cian and amputation appearing imperative, two of his neighbors undertook 
the job, and with a butcher-knife and tenant-saw they successfully per- 
formed the operation, and the man recovered as readily from tlie effects of 
this pioneer surgery as though he had passed through the hands of the ex- 
pert of to-day. This accident happened on the Tread way place, near Paynes- 
ville, in which neiglihorhood Duke continued to reside, doing the work of 
a cobbler and enjoying the liberal pay contributed by his generous neighbors. 

'.Iv^i lil 

'*'■■'■ I AT 


The very earlietit school teacljers were Joel Alnsic mid Jolin Dennj', and 
Bucceediny; the latter, about ISJi, may be uicntioued Uriel Griffith, still a 
resident of the township and nov: in his ninety-second year. In these years, 
lron\ ISIG to 1&24:, Calnraet not only progressed in the cultivation of the 
soil, in the making of friiitl'nl farms and pleasant homes, but the car of i 

progress was freighted with a strong desire for self culture, and schools i 

were ea&ilv started whenever the number of children was sufllcient to I'us- ! 

tify the teacher in acceptiiig his one dollar and litty cents yci- scholar tor ; 

the term, with the privilege of 'l)oarding round." j 

The first mil] in the township was a "hand miil," or "horse mill," built • 

by Mr. Wells, tlje grandfather of James II. and Greorge AVclls, on what \ 

is known as the old George Wells farm, some two miles south of Clarks- j 

vilie. From the best data to be had it ap])ears that this mill was built as \ 

• early as 1816, and that for some time after Mr. Wells's death his widow con- j 

tinued to own and or^nratc it. Two years after the Wells mill v/as built .j 

Andrew Kdwards constructed another of like character on the Parson ] 

Brown farm, and these two for several years served the convenience and met j 

the wants of the people of tlie township. I 

The first church in the township v/as Ranisey, organized by Stephen "Rud- ] 

deli in ISIS, and situated on a creek of that name, five miles south of j 

Clarksville and three miles north of Paynesville. This church was built ; 

by all the settlers of the neighborhood, each one bringing a log and after- i 

wards lending their united etibrts to its raising and completion. j 

Among the earh'est preachers of the gospel were Davis Piggs, Baptist; j 

G. C. Light and Andrew Monroe, Methodists; Messrs. Matthews, Wedcn, 1 

and James W. Campbell, Presbyterians; and Stephen Puddell, by som.e j 

thought to have been a Baptist and by others claimed as a Eeformer, or • 

Christian preacher. • 1 

The first justice of the peace for Calumet township was Pichard Kerr, j 

who resided on the farm now owned by Mr. John Treadway. First consta- \ 

ble was John r)uke, the same whose leg was broken by a falling tree. ] 

The first blacksmith was Daniel Walker, whose shop was situated on the \ 

old Frunnels place., now by John F. Turner. I 

The first carpenter was John Chambers, who built more looms than j 


The first to weave cloth was Hannah Patterson, who as early as the year i 

l5lS had supplied her own family and some of her neighbors with the i>ro- j 

duct of the loom. 1 

The first suicide was John Mcinarv, who hung liimsef in the neighbor- 

I ti ■•• .1 . 

I . I> 

' '■■[<.< 



hood of Crow's Cross Eoads in tiie year 1820, and in lSi2 Hannah Patter- 
son, residing in the same neighborhood, coinniittcd the same act, hangiiif^ 
lierself with a skeiu of yarn in. nn oUl sliop e.itnated on the farm. 

The only person ever execu.ted under sentGnco of the law from the town- 
ship, or even within tlie limits of Pike county, was a nep^ro man, Lewis, 
who was Ining for tlic murder of hit", master, Reason l^iackey, in August, 

No mob law lias ever ])ven put into execulion in the townsliip, and the 
people have frequently attested their loyalty to good order and the provis- } 
ions of the statutes by refraining from acts of \iolence under circumstances '' 
of the greatest provocation. 

The tirst tan-yard was on the ]>lace now owned and occupied by George 
Fielder and was conducted by Charles Mountjoy, The next was on the 
Graves farm, under the supervision of Thomas Patton, late of Pavnesvillc. | 


AVe add here some additional data respecting the old settlers, their cus- ] 
toms, etc., v^aich has been received since the foregoing was written, Mr. i 
George Fielder and otlier xery old settlers believe that the first cabin was | 
built in the township by old Mr. llaniEey, at tlie big spring on the farm af- 
terwards owned by Samuel V/ilson. Pamscy v.a& driven off by the Indians 
and afterwards settled at Biyant's Lick. Thct^e gentlemen believe that 
Bnrkalevv- was the next comer after Ramsey. John, James, and Thomas 
Miickey, three brothers from North Carolina, also settled in the township 
as early as 181G or 1S17, and Joseph Mackey, whose most estimable widow 
still survives, living with her sou Thomas, on the old homestead, was mar- 
ried in 1S?:3 and immediately commenced to plant a home in the township. 
Edmund Mountjoy, who gave the land upon whicli Ramsey Creek Church 
was built, was also settled here as early as 1S16 or 1817. ' The Jamisons also 
came at a very early day. Among the earliest school teachers Mr. Fielder 
has heard of Snti, a Frenchman, who taught not later than 1818 or 1S19. 
Mr. Fielder, mIio came with his father, has also been here for but little 
less than sixty years. Mr. Fielder says ''our clothes were bark-colored 
jeans and flax shirrs for winter wear, aTid for summer tow linen pants." 
""Wlien we learned to dress the deer skins our winter wear was partially 
changed, as we donned the buck breeches and encased our hardened feet 
in the soft and yielding moccasin." He says farther, "I never wore a boot 
nntil I was seventeen years of age." Amorig the early marriages in his 
recollection Air. Fielder remembers as the first that of John Jamison to Miss 



'1 '/ 

, in 

•'"' PAYNKSVir.T.E. • 503 

Nancy Cantrell, the ceremony ho'm^ performed at liis father's house. Tiie 
settlers at first made their own clotliiiig. For a wliile cotton, in small 
patches, was grown, and flax was a common crop. The men would })\ill 
and break tlie flax and the women would pick the cotton, and from the two 
was spun and woven the wearing apparel of both soxe.s. Xettles, winch 
grew in rich luxuriance, were also gathered, bruken with the brake, hackled, 
and woven into cloth for pants and sacks. At this earlv dav colTee \va.=> fifty 
cents per pound and sugar almost as dear, so that the common table bever- ] 

age of the early settler was rye (not Rio) nicely browned and sweetened with | 

maple c-ugar or wild honey. History has in this case repeated itself, for i 

from ISGl to 1865 many of the residents of Calumet township became fa- \ 

miliar with ''rye coffee," wliose challcy a)")pe?'ruru'>o arid mpaly taste vvil I for- 
ever be associated with the recollections of that unfortunate war. 

THE o'kEILL MFr.r>KR. 

The O'Xeill family came to Calumet as early as 1811 and settled in the 
extreme northorn portion of the township jipon the farn^i now owned and 
cultivated by Peter Gaeger. In the hitter part of 1817 or 181S the Indians 
came down the opposite bank of the river and crossing to the Missouri side 
murdered tlie mother and eleven childreti. They were tomahawked, scalped, 
and stripped of tlieir clothing and their dead bodies left scattered about the 
yard. The family was engaged in making soap at the time of the appear- 
ance of the Indians, and it is said that the bodies of the mother and one 
child bore evidence of having been tortured to death by being repeatedly 
dipped into the boiling cauldron. Mr. O'l^seill was absent from home, at 
the time having gone to St. Charles, with his neighbor John Mackey, on 
business; he returned to find that his home had been invaded and all his 
loved ones slain; his great grief over his own sad loss did not prevent his 
cariu" for the satety of others: he notified Mr. Mackey whom he had left but 
a few hours before, and together they alarmed the .settlement. The bodies 
of the dead were hastily thrown into the cellar for burial, as there was time 
for no more decent or elaborate sepultre, and the few families of the 7ieigh- 
borhood hastened for protection to the nearest fort. 


There wa.s very much game in the early days of the township and almost 
every one was a hunter. It is true that the elk and the bnlialo had disap- 
peared, but deer were very abundant, and droves of turkeys could be seen 
almost anywhere, while the drumming of the pheasant and the whirr of the 



partridge were sounds familiar to every ear; ducks, geese, brant, swans, and 
other water-fowl sought t}ien,as now, the lakes and stj-eanis of Calumet and 
in almost coiiutlcss numbers; the forests were alive with squirrels wliose 
constant barking became njonotonous and annoying while their raids upon 
the corn patches of the early settlers were fearfully destructive. In the 
camp hunts of llie early times it was not unusual ibr one company to kill as 
D:any as thirty deer, while the turkeys and smaller game were never reck- 
oned in the count. Two men, Joe and lleuben ]^[cCoy, killed eighteen deer ' j 
in less than a week as late as 1S30, on and near the ground riow occupied by I 

Hawkins and Bankhcad's ranch on Bryant's Creek, and Carson Jamison re- i 
ports that in 18:29 at ^'Cole's Point'' seven deer were killed in fifteen minutes | 
after the firing of the fii'.->t guji. But should we attempt the relation of even j 

one-half of the stories (facts) told in connection with the killing of gau.'C I 
during this early period, we would be regarded by the reader of the p.iesent j 

times as a rejuvenated Baron Munchaust-'U, or an enlarged and improved | 

edition of the mendacious Eli Perkins. Wolves were also unpleasantly nu- 
merous and made many a raid upon the settler's sheep-folds and pig-j)ens, 
frequently carrying away tli':- lambs from the very chimney corners of the 
houses, where they had been penned for greater safety. But if they fattened 
upon the product of the fold, tiiey also furnished rare sport for the men and 
dogs, and after a few years the liound and the rifle had driven the skulking 
cowards into regions beyond the reach of civilization. The streams also 
abounded in the tinest iish, which were easily taken with hook or net and 
the tables of the early .settlers v/ere often supplied with this delicious and 
healthful article of diet. Bee trees were also plentiful and wild honey 
abundant. In every house could be found honey, clear and limpid and nec- 
tar-like to the taste. Surely if tho old settlors lacked a few of the luxuries, 
they possessed many of the comforts of life, and with the earth, the streams 
and the forests to minister to their wants, they could feel assured that the 
physical man was well provided for and gratefully accept all the good things 
bestowed by the liberal hand of the great an.d munificent giver. 


The social life of the early settlers was as pleasant and agreeable as that 
of the people of to-day, and by many believed to have been even more 
cheerful and liappy. ^futual dependence naturally attracts men to each 
other, and the knowledge that tlie good of the commutnty depended upon 
the action of the individuals composing it, favorably affected the conduct of 
all. At times all needed assistance, and hence each felt willing to do what he 


,,,, ,| 




could for his IcjIow man, wLotlier he v/as liis brother, hisneighbor, or a way- 
faring man and a stranger witliin Iris g;',tes. When a lionse \vas to be raised it 
was un>lcrstoo'l that everybody that beai'd of it was invited and expceted to be 
present, unless unavoidably kept away; many a houce lias been raised in this j 

township when there were present men from territory now in Lincoln cour;ty, j 

fifteen miles away. The first cabins were nsnally of small ronnd lege, and ' 

could be put up by a few men; but after a little while as the settlers grow 
wealthy and }\igh-toncd, (?) hewed-log-housee, a story and a halfhigb, and ] 
sometimes double, came into vogue, and to put uj; one oi' these required the 
assembling of about all of the male adults of the township; and, how cheer- 
fully they came, how cordially they greeted each other as the horny hand of 
the one was jdaeed in the hardened peAm of the other. Our mod«M-n eti- 
quette and artificial politeness has taught u-^ to lift the smoothly liru-jhed 
hat as we touch the kid covered lingers, v/hile our mere semblance of good 
will but shames the sincere friendship of our fathers. But apart fronj honse- 
raisings, there were log-rollings and corn-huskiugs in abundance; and while 
the men were at their work, often the \\'omen would liave a quilting or a 
wool-picking in the house. These occasions generally terminated with a 
dance at night, where the ''old folks'' were not extra pious and did not hold 
dancing in abhorrence; but where the master and mistress "belonged to 
meeting," there was a "play-party" instead, with any amount of fun and 
"lots" of ])ro!niscnou3 kissing and vigorous lujgging, with jollity commin.- 
gled. Oh! for another settlement of this dear old township! Disturbances 
.seldom happened, though a fisticuff would occasionally occur, when each of 
the combatants was shown fair })'lay and the one that was defeated would 
ackno^vledge it, when both would wash the blood from their noses, shake 
hands and be as fast friends as before. 

Tbe marriage of a young couple furnished another occasion for the joy- 
ous assembling of the early settlers. At that time the bride and groom sel- 
dom made a bridal tour, and the prospective happiness of the pair was never 
measured by the number or costliness of the presents. The}' usually re- 
mained at home, the young husband to labor in the field or the forest, and 
the blushing bride to keep the new-made liome and cook the frugal meal, 
No editors wore then liired with cakes and plums to say that the "groom 
was attired in conventional black,'' or to elaborate the beauty of the toilet of 
the bride. The suit of the hu.'?band came not from ivondon, nor the dress 
of the wife from Pans, but his costume was frequently drawn from the for- 
est, while her trousseau v^as tbe product of the hand-loom. But their un- 
pretentious dress detracted naught from their merit, and he was as brave 

.: t 

L ■ .■* . ij 



. !> 



in his viirorovis mauLood, and slie as pure in her noble womanhood as any 
who, attiicd in the t'aultlesa and cosily i^armenls of fasliion, have ever stood 
iu darkened church, at holy altar, or neath the liunging liiarrlage bell. 13uo 
no human cup is filled with joys, and with the pleasures of life are mingled 
sadness and tears. If it was a wedding one day it might be a funeral the 
uext, jind tliey who but Aostcrday reioieod with the haj)pyand light-hearted 

might be called to-day to mourn with the bereaved and despondent, llo.v I 

sadly the}" missed thedepaned; how tenderly they laid him to rest. They ^ 

were but a few in a wild country and the loss of a single one was sorely felt; | 

but they were men and women of brave hearts, and from the grave of tlie I 

dead they turned to console the living and to extend to the new comer a wcl- I 

come warm and hearty. This is a brief outline of the social life of the early i 

settlers of Calumet townshi]-*; a class of brave and generous men and women | 

whose equals are seldom seen and whose superiors are unknown. A large | 

majority of these old settk-rs liave now passed av.ay; others are following j 

them in swift succession to tlie tomb, and ere long the last one will have f'jr- n 

ever disappeared from view, i^fay IJe who led them to, this favored land | 

still guide the totteriDg foots'iops of the remaining few and give in the glad j 

hereafter a reunion alike glorious and complete. | 

. ■ B10GR.\PHI0AL SKETCHES. ' . '" ' 


R«i.v. Taylor Bernard, pastor C. P. C'hui-ch, Clarksville. This gentle- j 

man is a native of Pike county, Missouri, born at Xew Frankford, in 1S30, | 

His father, Orlando Bernard, came originally from Kentucky, and died ^ 

when the subject of our sketch was quite young. After the death of his 
father he v/ent to live with hi? grandfather, wliere he remained until ISGl. 
Ue received his primary education at the common school and then attended 
the Watson Soniinarv at Ashlev five years. After leaving school he en- 
gaged in preacliing. He attended the tlieological department of the Cum- 
berland ^Diversity at Lelauun, Terintssee, graduating in June, 18S2. In 
September of the same year he assumed the duties of pastor of the C. P. 
churches at this j)lace and at Corinth in this county. Our subject's mother 
was originally ]\Iiss Helen Scanland, daughter of Charles Scanland, who was 
from Virginia, and came to Missouri iti 1810. She is still living and is 
quite active for her age. Her present home is in Montgomery county, this 


IJenjaniill F. Boone, of the linn of Boone A: lJe.m].liill. Few men have 
been more thoroughly identified and have contributed more to the general 
character and financial standing of the mercantile status of Clavksville than | 

Mv. Benjamin F. Buone, who is a native of this t^tato and v/as born in Lin- 
coln county, near the town of IS'ow ll<»]ic, on tlic 22d day of Ajiril, lf<36. 
His father, William Boone, vvas by birth a Iventuchian and a distant , 

relative of the dietincMiIshcd and celebrated Daniel Jjoone, of Kentut^kv. 1 

. ... . 

AVilliam ]]oone emigrated to Afissourl in the year IS'iP, and tirst cfcttled 

in this ]>art of ihe county; tlien moved to Lincobi county, where he sf^ttled | 

on a farm, and where he continued to reside and follow the avocation of a | 

farmer un.tii his death, which occurred in 18C3. Tlie mother of Benjam.In i 

F. Boone, our subject, was Clara, daughter of C-npt. Johi] Wallingto!',, of | 

Ilevolutionary fame. She i'^ still liviiig and is in her eightieth year, and is .; 

making her home with our subject, and she is in tlie full enjoynient of all •. 

her faculties. [Mr. Benjamin F. Boone, who spent his boyhood days on a | 

faru), received the rudiments of his education at the common school, and \ 

when pretty well grown he entered Jones' Commercial College of St. Louis, 1 

Missouri, where he graduated in 1S5S. lie then came to Clarksville and i 

entered the store of Carroll, CummingB & Co. as clerk, which position he i 

ill led for one year. In ISCO j\lr. Boone went to ISew Hope, where he em- \ 

barked in tlie mercantile trade upon his own account, whicli he continued \ 

successfully for several years. In 1S05 he returned to Clarksville and asso- ' 

ciated himself with his brother, the style of the firm being iJoone & Bro. \ 

His brother disposed of his interest to II. B.Campbell; this firm continuing i 

nntll 1874, when Mr. Campbell retired, Mr. Ijoone buying his iiiterest. In j 

1S76 the present firm, Boone tt Hemphill, was established, which is one of ' 

the largest dry goods and clotliing houses in Bike county, Mr. Boone was 1 

married to ^liss iS'annie M., daui^hter of Dr. Jilaston, a verv successful and ■ 

distinguished physician of Payur'svillc. They have by this union tlirce 
boys. Mr. Boone is a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, and lie 
and his estimable lady are both consistent members of the Christian 

Daniel D. Boone. The Boone family in this country are tlie descend- 
ants of seven brothers of that name who came over with Williain Penn, and 
settled in Pennsylvania. They were from Devonshire, England. From 
Pennsylvania tbey scattered over the dillerent States. William Boone, 
father of the subject of this sketch, \vas born in the Territory of Ohio, April 
15, 1797. He was the son of Jacob and Mary (Dehart) Boone. They were 
atuong the first white pc-ple to settle in Kentucky. Jacob was a first 


cousin of Daniel Boone, and was with liini during the early settlement of 
the Kentucky wilderness, and his wife was one of the first white women in 
the state. Thej came ont with the first party of settlers hrought out by 
Daniel Boone, The ti'ials and privations of those hai'dy pioneers have 
passed into history, and arc iatniliar to all who have read the diflerent works 
published which treat of the early settlement of Kentucky, Jacob Boone 
died in 1S2C, at the age of seventy-two years. His devoted v.ifc had died a 
year or two previous. They arc buj-ied in the state which tliey helj'cd to 
convert from a "howling wilderness'' to what all who have been born vrithin 
her borders speak of with pride as "the garden. S])ot of the world.-' Wil- 
liam Boone was married in Fleming county, Kentucky, August 22, 1819, to 
Miss Clarissa ?d. Wailingford. She is the daughter of John and Priulie 
Wallingforu, bwtn natives of Virginia, By this union tiiey had eleven chil- 
dren: Harriet, Joseph, Daniel D., William P., Mary, Clarissa, John. Frank, 
ITenry, Elizabeth, :;.nd Theodore. Six of v.^hcm are now living; viz. Daniel 
D., "William P., and Frank; Mary, Chirissa, and l']iizabeth. Mary is the widow 
of Dr. J. W. Hemphill. CMarissa is the wife of Samuel Smith. Esq., of Col- 
umbua, XiJ)raska; Elizabeth is the wifeof Ahjxander A^'auirhn, of Pavnesville, 
The three brothers all live in Clarksville. Williaui Boone came to Chirks- 
ville, Missouri, April 5, 1829. He lived two years in Pike Cuunty, and then 
moved to Lincoln county and settled on a tract of twenty-four hundred acres 
of land, which he had bought from Chateau, of St. lA)uis. He lived there 
until his death, February 6, 18G3. He followed farming all the time he 
lived in Missouri, While lie lived in Kentucky he was engaged with his 
father in running a ferry-boat and warehouse at Maysville, He took a ride 
on the first steamboat that ever passed up the Ohio Kiver. He paid a dol- 
lar to ride four miles, and vv'alked buck. "When he died, he and his sons 
owned four thousand acres of land in Lincoln count}'. He is buried at the ** 
Clarksville cernecei-y. His widow is still living, and is over eighty years old. i 
She is liviiig with her son Frank, in Clarksville. She is a member of the 
Christian Church. In 1850 Daniel D. and William P. Boone went to Cali- 
fornia. They went with an ox-team, and were three months and five days 
on the road. This was considered a remarkably quick trip. Tliey did not 
remain there but a few months, and reached their home again in the fall of 
1851, after an absence of fourteen months. After they came back their 
fatlier gave each, of them farms and they followed farming until 1865, when 
they sold their farms and moved to Clarksville. Daniel D. Boone was mar- 
ried September IG, 1858, to Miss Elizabeth Waters, daughter of William 
and Catharine Waters, of Lincoln county, Missouri. She was born at War- 







■% -;■ 


- "*"■;■>-■ 'v 

^^t^^ " 


renton, Fnuquier county, Viri:^inl<a. The}' have no children. They raised a 
nephew and niece of Mrs. J>oone. Their names were Elhi and James 
Waters. James is now in Denver, Colorado. Ella is the wife of ]>enja:niii 
Clayton. After Mr. Boone come to Clurksville he was in the livery husi- 
ness 0!ie year. He now devotes his time to real estate in Clarksville. lie 
owns a number of houses whivh he rents. lie has a snlcndid house where 
he lives, furnished in i-ood st\te. He is a worthy member of the Masonic 
order, holding membership in Clarksville Lodge No. 17. lie was boru 
January 3, 1S24:. Mr. Boone has a portrait of his grandfather, Jacob Boone. 
It is an oil jtainting, doiie over sixty years ago. He also has an eight-day j 

clock, which gives the day of the month and the changes of the moon. It j 

was bought by Jacob Boone over sixty years ago, and cost eighty dollars. 
It is in perfect order, and a good time-keeper. The family brought it from 
Iventucky v\'lien they came to i'ike county, ii; 1S'20. 

Richard B. Campbell, of the firm of Hughes &, Campbell, is a native of 
Bike county, Missouri, and is the son of Rev, James \V. Campbell. He 
was born rSovember 16. 1S43. His mother, Sophia A., was the daughter 
of Col. Malcohn Henry, of North Carolina. Kichard B. received his pri- 
maiy education at the subscrij.tion school and later attended the Y^atson 
Seminary, at Ashley, and after v\-ards completed his commercial course at the 
Commercial College of Quincy, Illinois. Keturning home he accepted a 
clerkship v/Ith the firm of Boone & Bro., holding the position for four years, 
at the expiration of wliich he purchased W. B. J^oone's interest, the style of 
the iirm being Boone d: Campbell, which continued until ls75, when Mr. 
Campbell di.^posed of his interest and soon after associated himself with 
Benjamin Hughes in the lumber business, under the firm name of Hughes 
& Campbell. In 1S71 Mr. Canipbcll was married to Miss Ella, daughter 
of Andrev/ Cochran, of Auburn, Missouri. The result of this union has 
been one daughter, Nellie Douglas. Mr. Campbell is a worthy member of 
the Knights of Honor, lodge No. 176S. In politics Mr. Campbell is a Demo- 
crat; biU his affability and int^^grity have won him a host of friends among 
all parties. 

Heiiry S. Carroll. This gentleman is a native of Pike county, and at 
present a citizen of Clarksville, with many of whose most imjiortant business 
interests lie is intimately connected. !Mr. Carroll is a son of E. L. and El'zii- 
beth Carroll, his mother being a daugiiter of the late Judge James Stark, a 
soldier of the War of ISI'2 and a participant in the battle of Lundy's Lane. 
His father, E. L. Carroll, was also a native of Pike, where he continued to 
reside until the tim.e of his death, October, 1S6?. His m.otber is still alive, 
38 . - 



570 m.sTOKY OF rrKK county. 

in tlie sixfietli 3ear of her age, and contimies to live at the old hoiiiestead 
%vlierc ili'"^ ear]}' years of lier married life :vere so }\a]i])ily pa.ssed. Henry 
S. Carroll, the suhjeet of oiir sketch, was born on the farm on the 25th day 
of June, ISli. Here hi.-? early youth was spent, giving his attention to the 
details of the farm and receiving hi? education at the district school. At 
the age of seventeen years lie joisicd the "ITume Guards," witli which he re- 
mained but a ehort time when he eritered the state service, and soon after- 
wards the U. S. Volunteer Infantry, Clinton B, Fisk commanding the regi- 
nient. From 1S<'''2 till 1S65 he was a member uf Company D, and partici- 
pated in all the l)att]e5 and siewes in which the regiment was encrao-cd. 
During the latter year he was severely v/ounded, having had a portion of 
his foot shot away. For five months he was confined to the hospital, suffer- 
ing inten.scly. In Xovembcr. 1S61, ho rejoined his regiment and was pro- 
moted bcrgcant-major of tlio regiment, and maintained this positioTi 
until commissioned first lieuteDant. AVitli his command he was mustered 
out of service on the lllh day of August, 1SG5. He now returned home to 
the farm where he remained until the following fall, when he removed to 
Clarksville, accepting a clerkslii]), at tlie smell salary of 825 per month, 
with the firn; of J:^. B. Ci.noll & Co., a firm composed of E. B. Carroll, B. 
P. Cliiiord, and John O. lloberts, where he remained until December, 1S70. 
In January, 1S71, be became a member of the banking house of B, P. Clif- 
ford «t Co. Here he performed the duties of cashier until the death of 
Capt. Ciitford, when the bank was incorporated under the name of the Clif- 
ford Banking Company, with Mr. Carroll as its president. j\[r. Carroll is 
at this lime also treasurer of the Hnpcrial idill Company and likewise of 
the Clurksville Paper Alill Company. In each of these enterprises Mr. 
Carroll is a large stockliolder. He is a partner iri the Vinegar Works and 
Alden ]Jrying Process, conducted under the tirm name of Carroll, Wirick 
<fc Co., and also in the tirm of Wm. Mcintosh & Co. and of Wm. N. Meri- 
wether v.V^ Co. Mr. Carroll is at tljis time president of the Clai-ksviJle 
Gravel Iload Company, and v;as for several years treasurer of the Clarks- 
ville & Western Pailroad Company. He was married in March, 1872, to 
Miss Lucy, daughter of Capt. B. P. ClitTord, an old, wealthy and prominent 
citizen of Clarksville, by whom he has one child, Harry, five years of age. 
Mr. Carroll is at this time engaged in efforts to secure other interests for 

his town, aniong these the building of a railroad from in Illinois to 

Kansas City in ^[issonri, and if the result attends his ciTorts now as in the 
past the success of the ei.'terprise will be merely a matter of time. 

' J>) 

, i I A 




Capt. Benj. P. Clittoi-d, Clarksville, was boni July 9, 1817, in Logan 
county, ]ventucky. His parents were poor ]>eople, and to better their con- 
dition tliey moved to Mitsonri in ISi^o, settling on Gwinn's Creek, in this 
county. On tlie 0th day of August, lSo3, he iiio>/cd to Cl;irk<vlllc. In 
1S3S Captain Ch'tTord, tl.ien just of ago, wont as llrst ch^rk on the steamer 
Astoria, in the Mi.-^oari Itiver trade. In 1840 he as-samed command of the 
Sliawnee, and run the boat on the Missouri River. Afterwards he built the 
steamer Julia Chauteau, and commanded her in the St, k.ouis and ^'e\v Or- 
leans trade. In lS-14 lie quit tlie river and went on his farm near this city. 
Two years later, in 18-10, he began merchandising in tlie city of Clarksville, 
and coiitinued the business until 1857, when he was elected cashier of the 
Louisiana Branch i'ank of the State of Missouri, then being establishcd. 
Thc institution was very successfully managed by Captain Clifford for four 
years, when, by reason of too close application to busiuesb, his health became 
imi.'aircd, and he. again took up his residence on his farm, near the city. 
Afterward he again engaged here in the mercantile business, until 1863; 
he then established the present banking liouse of Ik P. CliiTord & Co., re- 
tiririg from active business in 1871. In 1802 he was elected to the legisla- 
ture, and served during the sessions of 1802 and 180-1. lie was twice mar- 
ried. He \vas first united in marriage with Lucinda Pepper, about the year 
1842, who died December, 1857, and to his second wife, Lizzie Alexander, 
March, 1800, she dying May 22, 1873. For many years Mr. Ciiiford was 
an invalid; he visited many localities in search of health, but died of heart 
disease on t!ie 6th dhy of January, 1881. 

Charley T. Ciiilord. assistant cashier of the CliiFord Banking Company, 
of Clarksville, Missouri, Although Mr. Ciiiford is quite young, few men 
have attained the prominence in business circles gi'cater than our subject, 
the youngest son of Capt. B. P. and Lucinda Clifford. Both of his parents 
v/ere from Kentucky, having emigrated to Missouri in a very early day. 
Charley T. Clifibrd was bom and reared in the city of Clarksville; the greater 
portion of his early education was obtained at the city school under Prof. 
M. S. Goodman, a most distinguished educator. He comjdeted, however, 
his education at the ^""ashington University of St, Louis, Missouri. Soon 
I after returning from school he assumed his present position which he has 
filled with mucli satisfaction to the patron^j of the bank, and with much 
credit to himself. Mr. Clitford is one among the largest stockholders in the 
bank, and is also ititeroated largely in the Imperials Mills, one of the largest 
enterprises of ibe kind in this countv. 

572 msTOiiY OF pike county. 

John 31. ClitFoi'd was born February 20, 1S20. Jle is the youngest of :\ 
family of tbree brothers and the only one of his father's family now living. 
He is the sou of John B. and Alargarct (McAfee) Cliflord. His father was 
born in ^North Carolina, February 14, 178-1. ITe moved to Kentucky whe:) a 
boy, and was niarried, June 2, ISll. His wife v.-as a native of Scott county, 
Kentucky. She was loj-;i Febniary 1, 17l'l. They came to Pike county, Mis- 
souri, in 1S25. John B. Clilford died November 12, 1S65, and Margaret, 
bis wife, March 7, ISGS. I'he names of the two olde^^t ^^tys wei-e Wm. M. 
Clifford, "born Is^oveniber 1, 1S12, and Ecnjamin Fatten Cliflord, born Jidy 
9, 1S17. They both became prominent busiiiess men and accumulated a 
great deal of property. 'Wni. M. Cliilbrd died June 25. 1S50. Benjamin 
P. Cliflord died December 30, ISSO. Jolm M. Clifford came to Pike county 
with his parents in 1825. His father was a farmer and be lived on the farm 
with him until he v\'as sixteen years old. lie then went on the river where 
he remained for several years. He first went on the "Arrow'' and wa? on 
lier when she sunk on the lower Mississiivpi in Morgan's Bend, a few miles 
above Bayou Sara. lie V\'as afterward un the ''Rhine,'' "Shawnee,'' "Julia 
Chaut<>au," '-Edna," and " Jiichmond.'' Fie was on the latter when she sank 
in the Ohio Tiiver, just below Grand Chain. He was clerking while on tlie 
river. In 1S4G he and his brother, Ijenjamin, went into business to- 
gether in Clarksvilie, and a short time befoi'e his deatli his brother AVilliom 
also became a member of the firm, v.-liich was E. I*. Cliflord & Brother. 
Afterward John AY. Davis bought into the firm and the name was changed 
to Cliflord, Davis ^^ Co. They kept a large stock of all kinds of goods, in- 
cluding dry goods, groceries, glass and queenswarc, iron, drugs, etc. They 
also kept a lumber yard and did a large commission business. They dealt 
largely in wheat, coin, tobacco, hemp, ap[)les and all the diflerent products of 
the country. They remained in business about nine years. Mr. Clifford is now 
book-kee})er in the paper njill. He is a stockholder in the mill and also in 
the Cliflord Banking Company of Clarksvilie. He was married Jurie 20, 
18.S2, to !Miss Sue Cobell, of Pike county. She is a native of Indiana. 

ShelJoii P. Coclll'lin. He is a native of Missouri, born in St. Charles 
county, June 7, 1835. His father, George Cuchran, a native of Ken- 
tucky; inimigrated to Missouri at an early day. Our subject spent his youth 
on a farm, ^hen ten years of age he entered scliool, continuing until 
eiMitoen years of a;je, vhen he entered a drv froods store of his uncle. An- 
drew Cochran, M-hei-e he remained as clevk fur five years, then went to Troy, 
MIssoiiri; thence to St. Louis, where he was employed in a wholesale boot 
and shoe house. In 1SG7 he came to Clarksvilie and engaged in business 



fur liimsolf, opening up a g-cncral stock. In ISTO, uncier the administration 
of President Grant, he was appointed pcstraaster and express agent. In 
1871 he v.-as married to Miss Kate, daughter of Dr. Hemphill, who was one 
of the most eminently successful physicians of his day. Mr. Cochran, also 
his wife, are members of the Jvjiiseopal Church. O.'heir family comlsts of 
two children, Ida May and Laurena. la 1S60 Mr. Cochran associated him- 
self with Mr. Mayes, a worthy gentleuum of this city, in a general mercantile 
business. xVt the outbreak of our late war Mr. Cochran entered the Con- | 

federate army, and belonged to the cavalry of General Joe Shelby's com- 
mand. Darino- liis term of service he took i>arr in sixtv-two reo:ular en- -j 
. . . . ■' , . 1 
gagements, some of the most ini}>ortant ones being Lexington, Springfield, | 

Lone Jack, and many others, and recei\ed two severe wounds. His ' j 

rank was that of Ursl lieutenant and stall" officer. Upon liis return from the :■, 

army he resumed his business, and to-day is in the enjoyment of a prosperous I 

trade, which, together witli his adablo ways, has won for him an enviable i 

position among the worthy people of Pike county. ^ 

JaiilCS Madi.sou Collins, dealer in hardware, queensware, and tinware, 
Ciarktville, was born near Dayton, Ohio, March G, 1S51. lie came with ■ ;| 

his parents to Missouri in the fall of 1853, tliey settling at Gruxton. He r 

lived witli them at Gruxton and vicinity until he was sixteen, whfui they •] 

removed to Pike countv and. settled near Clarksvillc, where he lived with l 
them until he was eighteen, when he began to learn the trade of black- , | 

smithing with J". C. Johnson, at Clarksville, and worked three years, when, in ■■ 

1S72. he became proprietor of the Central Hotel and run it until 1S79, when - j 

he became proprietor of the Carroll House, which he ran up to January, i 

1SS2. July, 1SS2, he engaged in his present business. June 19, ISSl, he j 

married Leonora, daugliter of S. A. Drake of Clarksville. They are members ' j 

of the Christian Cj)urch. He is a member of Clarksville Lodge Xo. 17, A. j 

F. & A. M. \ 

. John Winn Davis, justice of tlie peace and clerk of the council of Clarks- j 
ville, was born in Charlottsville, Virginia, March 24. 1S32. In the fall of 

lSo6 he came vrith his parents to Missouri, they settling in Pike county I 

eigiit miles soath.w.est of Clarksville, where he was raised and lived with | 

them until he was eighteen. He was educated by attending the neighbor- ! 

hood subscription schools and a select school one yeai at Bowling Green. ' 

"When he left home he came to Clarksville and entered the store of P. P. . j 

Clitford ifc Co. as a clerk, and was in their employ until 1853. when he be- . I 

came associated with the iirm, clianging the style to Cliflord, Davis & Co. ' 
He withdrew from the iirm in the fall of lS5i and removed to Prairieville, 

,■ 1, -.v.',., !m,( ( , 


Pike conn'/, wiicre be was engaged in the. mereantilG business until the fall 
of 1S57, when he discontinued it and purchased a farm near Millville, ^tunt- 
goniery county, Missouri, where he pursued farming until 1862, when, his 
fatlier ]la^ ing died, he returned to Pike county and took charge of the home- 
stead for his mother. Jij J 80." he returned to Clarksville, where he was en- 
o-aired in manulacturinr/ tobacco, and was at different times associated witli 
several parties, until 1S67. when lie quit manufacturing tobacco and engaged 
for one year in the grocery business with W. W. Mackey. ]n 1870 he was 
associated with M. S. Goodman in the agricultural implement business. 
In i87<) he engaged in raising grapes and small fruits and wine-mal-ring in 
the vicinity of Clarksville, and is so engaged at the present. It! the spring 
of 1871 he was elected city clerk of Cla)'k.sville and witli the exception of 
one year has filled that position ever since. During 1872, 1873, and 1871 he 
was elected and held the office of justice of the peace, and in July, 1SS2, he 
was appointed justice of the peace to fill a vacancy, and is now the incum- 
bent of that office. June 6, 1S56, he married Miss America Prewitt, of 
near Clarksville, by whom he has three children, Pobert, John, and Wil- 
liam, all cU home. He is a member ot the Episcopal Church at Clarksville, 
of which he is senior warden. He is a Master Mason and a Knight of 
Honor, and belongs to the lodges in Clarksville. 

James Polk I)eiU?y, Clarksville. This aged gentleman was born in 
Scott county, Kentucky, near Georgetown, April 9, 1S03. His father, Wm. 
Denny, was a nati\-e of the state of Maryland, and when quite .'^ung went 
to Kentucky; he had married Elizabeth McGee. They immigrated to !^[is- 
souri in 1S15, stopping for a time in St, Louis county. In May, 1817, they 
moved to Pike county and settled near Clarks^'iile. The mother died in 
1S33; the father in 1S70, at the advanced age of 96 years. They raised a 
family of four boys: John, Samuel, Jonas, and James, our subject, who is 
the youngest and the only survivor of the famil}-. He is now in the eight- 
ieth year of his age, and is in the full enjoyment of all his faculties; his 
health is goc-d, and he stands erect and his step is light and iirra. He has 
always lived a lite of single blessedness, and followed larming for his prin- 
cipal business. Leaving tiie farm in 1861: he went to Clarksville and en- 
gaged in mercantile business. In 1870 he returned to the farm, which has 
been his home e\er since. He has lived a temperate life, and bids lair to 
live a number of years yet. He saw the first steambt^at that ever landed at 
Clarksville. He has been a justice of the peace for sixteen years, and was 
three times elected mayor of Clarksville. He has l)een a member of the 
Christian Church for many j^ears. " . , ' ' 



• ... '■'!/. 


IsliaiU C. Dcinpsey, attt-rnoy-at-lau-, is ;i native of J^3.-:-s county, Ohio, 
born March S, 18-lS. His parents were orioinally froni Viri^inia. His 
iather, Icljani Dempsey, was a farmer and canic to JMisrJouri in ISo-i, set- 
tiiu'^ in tlie western part of Pike county, where he remained until liis death 
in 1851. Oni' subject rpent liis youtli on the farm, receiving bis primary 
education at the district sehuol; he then attended the hii^li school in Clarks- 
ville, after which he engaged in teaching, v/hich he followed for several 
years, during which he prosecuted his studies in the law; he M'as admitted 
to practice in 1S71, and began the practice of his profession in the city of 
Clarksville, and isto-i.hay in the enjoyment of a \cry lucrative business. He 
received the ajipoinVnient of city attorney in 1S72, and has held the office 
continuously ever since. He was married in 1870 to Miss SalUe A. Coch- 
ran, of Sterling, Illinois. Mr. ])empsey is a member of the order of Knights 
of Hoiior. ]\irs. D. is a member of the Guuiberland Presbyterian Church. 

L. il. Downing', Clarksville. 

Wm. Dudley, Clarksville. This gentleman is a native of Alabama, and 
was born on the :^2d day of November, 1832. His father, Peter Dudley 
and his mother Sarah, were both originally from Virginia, and moved to 
Columbus, Georgia, thence to Alexander, and in the town of Dudleysville, 
erected the first house, and in one end of it had a store and carried on a 
considerable trade with the Indians. His father died in 1850 and his mother 
died in 1805. Our subject v\"as born in the same village. He immigrated to 
Missouri, in the year 1841; stopping a sliort time in Clarksville, then moved 
to a farm some two miles south of (clarksville, where they remained until the ^ 

great flood of 1844, when they were washed out, and they were also 
washed out again l.y the great flood of 1851, v.'hen our subject moved to 
Clarksville, and he v.ent to California in 1852, in company with his brother-in- 
law, who was shot and killed by an Indian while they were crossing the plains. 
At the end of two years he returned to Clarksville. In 1857 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Sii.rah Mulherin, daughter of Ste]'hen Mulherin, one among the 
earliest settlers of this part of the country. Mr. Dudley then engaged in 
the wood business. The flood of 1858 washed off 1,200 cords of his wood. j 

He furnislied wood to the steamers in the spring; and in the tall his house | 

took fire and burned up and everything in it. He then moved to Joe Mack- A 

ey's fiirm, which he rented. In 1805 he purchased sixty-six acres, part of 
the old Mackey farm. He lias been engaged in later years in farming and | 

has been quite a successful wheat-grower. The family consists of six chil- J 

dren, five boys and one girl; the oldest son Mettellis is now engaged in j 

school leaching. Mr. and Mrs. Dudley and three children are members of j 

the Christian Church. • J 




Williani B<jo))(^ Elliott, llnMiier, po?t-ofiice Clarksville. James I. Elli- 
ott, fathor of 'SVm. P>., was a native of Kentnck}', and was born about tjie year 
ISOl, and imn!ii?;rated to Missouri in 1828, settling on tlic farm now occu- 
pied by the subject of our sketch. He first purchased eighty acres, on which 
was a hewn log-liouse, in v.-liich our subject was born, and where his father 
continued to reside until the time of his death, wliich occurred in ^lay, 
1875. The mother of our subject died in 1S82, in the eightieth year of her 
age; she was born in Kentucky. AV^ni. B. was born on the old homestead, 
and was educated in the^subscription schools of the neighborhood, supple- 
mented by attending the scliool at Clarksville. At twenty > ears old he 
cnnmenced teachinir school, and followed tliis about six vears, during the 
winter season. In 185-3 he was married to Paulina Limerick, daughter of 
John liimericlv, of this county, who was originally from Virginia. Thej 
have five children: Mattio (now !Mrs. Dr. J. M. Duncan\ John J., Xoah 
Boone, and Frank. Mr. E. lias a farm of five hundred acres, all under 
fence, and most of it in cultivation; he lias a frame barn sixty by seventy 
feet in dimensions; his re^idoice is a commodious, two-story, brick house, 
built in 1854-. Mr. E. is fond of the amusement of hunting, is a good shot, 
and enjoys the sport greatly. lie is a great lover of stock, of which he 
has a good share, all of the best blood. 

John Fern, of the firm of Middleton & I ern, blacksmiths, wagon-makers 
and dealers in agricultural implements, Clarksville, is a native of Pennsylvania 
and was born iS^ovember 13, 1833. It is not known where liis birthplace is, 
but while lie was an infant his parents moved to Clarion county, wh.ere 
he lived until he was twenty years of age. His mother dying when he was 
eleven years old, his home was broken up; he then went to Clarion, the 
county seat, and attended school until fourteen, when he began to learn the 
trade of blacksmithing and v/orked in various shops until he became master 
of it. When eighteen he became the foreman in the shop of Jatnes Mackey 
of Clarion and was with him until 1853, wdien he came to Missouri and set- 
tled in Clarksville and worked in tlie shop cf L. & J. Middleton until 
April 1857, when he with John Middleton bought out thier employers and 
established their present business in the firm style of Middleton it Fern. 
March 3, 1859, he married Miss Luann Durr, formerly of Covington, Ken- 
tucky. They have nine chiklren, all at home; he is a member of Clarksville 
Lodge No. 53, I. O. O. F., of which he is now and has been treasurer for ten 
years, and also a member of Calumet Lodge Xo. 1068, K. of H. of Clarks- 


1 -■<:!:; 
■iC; I r 


John Fielder, deputy sberifl' and constable, was born on a farm near 
Clarksville, Februarys. 1S39; he is the oldest of two sons of George and 
]\[aria (Ford ) Fielder; he was raised at his birthplace and lived with his 
parents until attaining his majority. Beiufjr raised a farmer, he began life 
for himself by follo'w ing that avocation. In ISO:-, he quit farming and en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at Paynesville, Pike county. In 1SG9 W. 
M. Guy became associated with him as Fielder &: Guy. In 1871 F. W. 
an(! J. H. Patton succeeded Mr. Guy, changing the firm to Fielder, Fatten, 
& Co. In 1875 the ^[essrs. Patton withdrew from the business and he 
continued until 1S77, when on account of the pressure of the times he was 
obliged to suspend business. In 1878 he was elected constable of Calumet 
township, when ho removed to Clarksville, and in the same year he was ! 

deputized sheriff by sberiiY Thomas B. Ford, and has been deputi/^ed by and I 

served under all the shcriiTs of Pike county since that year, and has also '^ 

been elected and served cs constable of Calumet township. March 8, ISGl, '^ 

he married Celia A. Mulhern of Calumet township, by whom he has nine | 

children: Annie, v.-ife of Henry Ganden of Paynesville; Fliza Jane, wife of j 

Yf alter Fdwards of Silex, Missouri; and ICate, Roxie, Fritze, George, Isaac, .| 

May, and Grace still at home. Himself and wife are members of the Chris- -| 

tian Church. He is a member of Clarksville Lod^e No.SS, I. O. .0. F. • ! 

* Williaiil Alvili Fletcher, machinist, is a native of Worcester county, ^ 

Massaclmsctts, born in the town of Dudley, ^larch 8, 1834. He spent liis i 


early years in his native town, where he learned his trade, and afterwards 5 

worked in the sho])S of the Columbus & Xenia Railroad Company in Ohio, 1 

where he worked for five years; from there he went to Kentucky, where he j 

was employed by the Louisville ^' Frankford Railroad Company about four ■ 

years; then he went to Centralia, Illinois, and worked for the Illinois Pvail- j 

road Company; from there he went to Calhoun county, Illinois, and started ] 

the first sream thresliing machine ever built in the United States. lie after- ' 

wards built and operated a steam threshing machine in Calhoun county and . j 
vicinity for five years. In the fall of IbGG he came to Clarksville and ; 

started his present business. His shop and business have now become one 
of the importinit features of the city of Clarksville. He has a large business, 
and is prosperous, as lie deserves to be. In ISGii he was married to itiss 
Elizabeth, daughter of M. Kightley, of Calhoun, Illinois. They have one 
son, Roswell Alvin Fletcher, who is now at school. Mr. F. is a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. He spent some five years in Colorado, during 
which time he acquired valuable experience in fnining. 

' ' 1 it 

.1 .,WU'.'^' 

578 • IlISTOKY 'OF riKE COUM'V. 

Lucius W. Haywood cume to Pike county in the fall oflSoo. lie is 
a native of Vermont; born in ISl'G. He is tlie son of JAmun and Maria }. 
ifavwood. Wlifii our subject was ten years old his parents moved to Mas- 
sachusetts. His }iarents are botii dead, liis father having died in 1842, 
and his mother in ISGi*. In ^S4:G Mr. nay\v(>od went to Connecticut and 1 
lived there until he came to Pike county, Missouri, lie received Ids educa- | 
tion in Massachusetts, in the common schools of that state. lie has always ! 
been engaged in manufacturing. He first worked in a carding mill, and j 
when he went to Connecticut he went into the immense a.K factory of Col- 
lins & Co.. at ColJinsville, Connecticut, and remained with tliem almost ten 
years. The last five years he was forenjan in one departmeiit of the works. 
He started the stave factory in Clarksville in the spring of 1856. 
He had a partner, Mr. Tvelsey. They cut the first stave July 4, 1856. He 
was in partnership witli Xelsey three years, then alone for one year. In 
1860 Mr. Brown v/ent in with liim, and put in machinery for the manufac- 
ture of ax handles, but had no iiiterest in the stave factory. Mr. Brown 
was in two years, and from 18G2 to 1SG6 Mr. Haywood was alone again. 
Tlien his brother, George P. Haywood went in, and after two years he sold 
to another brother, F. L. Haywood, who was in two years. And after lie 
retired Dr. Pharr bought a half interest, and with Mr. Haywood is the 
present owner. Mr. Ha3'wood was married September 24, 1850, to Miss 
Louisa E. Smith. She is a native of Haddom, Connecticut, and daughter of 
Samuel and Lucy Smith. They have one child, a daughter, Lucy Maria, 
born in 1866. She is now attending school. Mr. Playwood is a member of 
the Masonic order. His parents were both members of the Congregational 
Church. They had a family of eight children, only four of whom are now 
living. L. M. is a carpenter and builder in Greenfield, Massachusetts; 
Maria, wife of Poyal S. Bailey, of Putney, A^erraont; Laura is the wife of 
Hibbard Ripley, of Denver, Colorado. 

Capt. Abijah Jolms, saddle and harness-maker, Clarksville, was born 
at Sharonville, Ohio, August 23, 1825. Having served apprenticeship at 
the saddle and harness trade in his native town he, at the age of eighteen, 
began to travel as a journeyman, and worked in Port Gibson, Lafayette. 
Vicksburg, and Natchez, Mississippi. At the last named place he, in 1817, 
volunteered in the Second Pegiment Mississippi Volunteer Pities, to serve 
during the Mexican AVar. After rendezvousing in camp at Vicksburg un- 
til June 15, 1848, he was mustered out of the service. He then worked at 
his trade at various places in Mississippi, and for a time located a^ Florence, 
Kenluckv, and carried on this trade, and while there, in 185o, he married 

.I..: |i si 

■ I 



Alisri Emarillii Dcrr. lie cinigrated from there in ISo^j to ]\Iis?ouri and 
located in Louisiana City for one year, wlion he permanently located at 
Clark«vi]le, in lit^r*^, and establii?hed himself in the saddle and liarness-mak- 
ing business. December 1st, 1861, he closed up his shoj), and after assist- 
infj to raise a company of men entered the Union army as a i-rivate in com- 
pany A, Third Eogintent 3»Iis6onri A'oluntcer Cavalry, dune 15. lbt*.2, ]>e 1 
was promoted and commissioned lirst lieutenant, and to captain February ^ 
10, 1863. In command of his company he was on duty tliruunli north Mis- ''> 
souri until after the battles of KirksvilHe, Moore's Mill, and Dunar Church, i 
when his command was ordered to Pilot l\nob. and after participating in | 
the battle at that place was ordered to Tatterson, '\Vayne county, thirty | 
miles south of Pilot l^iiob, on outj^ost duly, and while scouting was at- • • -i 
tacked by a band of bushwhackers under Col. Pieves. His clothes were i 
riddled with buckshot. A few of his men were wounded and several horses .1 
v\'cre killed. He was then sent into Greene county, Arkansas, to break up ,\ 
and to scatter Sam Hildebrand's band of desperados. With a hundred men 1 
he scoured the swamps thoroughly and finally found his lieadquarters on « 
Crowley's Pidge, in Arkansas, v.-here he was attacked by Hiledbrand's men, ^ 
who tried to divei't the attention of the pickets bv drivinor cattle so as to tret i 
within his lines, so as to capture them, but being on the alert liimself he i 
discovered the ru.-e and a simultaneous attack took place. In the first fire 'i 
his clothing and the tree of his saddle were riddled with balls and slugs and i 
his left arm broken. Several of Hildebrand's men v.ere killed and his band J 
dispersed. AV hile on the expedition he captured several wagons loaded | 
with ammunition and stores of different kinds, being conveyed from St. 'j 
Louis to rebel camps, and about .So,000 worth of contraband property be- I 
longing to Confederates hid in the swamps. He was known as "Old Bizzy," ] 
and was sometimes called '-Old Yaller,"' as he was mounted on a claybank • .1 
or yellow horse. He served until the expiration of his term of service in ^ 
ISGo, when, in February of that year, he was mustered out at Macon City, , '■■ 
Missouri. He then returned to Clarksville and resumed the saddle and har- 'i 
Jiess business. In ISGO he was called to mourn the death of his wife, she ; 
leaving him two sous. Jesse F, and Charles W. He married a^rain Decern- i 
ber 23, 1860, his second wife being Miss Margaret Stark, a daughter of 1 
James W. Stark, Esq., of Clarksville. 

James Allen Polk Knox, 31. I)., of Clarksville, was born near New I 

t Hope, Missouri, July 18, 1S?A, where he lived with liis parents uittii his i 

eighteenth year, when they sent him to Pittsfield, Illinois, to attend tlie se- j 

lect school of John D. Thompson. He attended one year, when he taught i 

(i -, VM 

I- ';•; •■■Oil 

I 580 JITSTOHY OK riRt C<jrXTY. 

r school for six months, a)id then, in tlie spring of 1851, began the stnJy of 

l medicine in tlie office of Dr. William C. Duncan, at !New Hope, with wiioni 

I lie studied nearly three years. In the fall of 1856 ho took one cour?e of 

|: lectures at the St. Louis Medical College, and then practiced until the full 

f of 1S58, when he took liis second course, and graduated as M. I), in tiie 

I spring of 1859. lie continued liis practice at New Hope, becoming a^soci- 
|. • ated with Dr. J. W. Welcli in the firm style of Welch 6: Knox. Dr. Welch 

I' retiring from the firm two years after, he continued there up to 186S, when 

I he came to Clarksville and established himself in ]iis present practice. 

I; Dnring 1ST2 and 1873 he served as councilman, and was mayor ex ojjicio 

I- during the latter year. September 22, 1857, he married Margaret Watters, 

I of Lincoln county, who died at Xew Hope, April 2, 1S6L He Tnarried for 

t his second wife, Celia McDonald, of near Clarksville, June 2, 1S61, by v/hom 

I' he has four children, Maggie, Xettie, Boulah H., and Mary G. Himself 

I and v;ife are members of the Christian Church of Clarksville, of which he 

t has been an elder fur several years. 

I" Alexander W. Luke, druggist, of Clarksville, was born in Clarksville, 

I ■ Missouri, October 6, 1851, where he was raised and educated. He is the 

I son of John Louis Luke (v.-ho vras born in Fairfax county, Virginia, April 

f 5, 1800, and cume to Tike county, Missouri, in 1S32, where he married 

I Elizabeth S. Xevil, June 19, 183-1. He was among the first business men 

\ of Clarksville and was engaged in the mercantile business up to 1855, wlien 

I he purchased a farm in the vicinity of Clarksville, where he lived until his 

I death, which occurred July 12, 1SG9. He was a member of the Episcopal 

I Church and was confirmed at Frairieville, Missouri, by Bishop Hawks, in 

^ 1850. He was one of the constitutional members of the Episcopal Church 

f of Clarksville when that clmrch was organized in 1SG9. After his father's 

[4 death our subject remained on the farm in the vicinity of Clarksville witii 
I' ' his mother until 1872. The estate was divided among the heirs, a portion 

K; of the farm falling to him. He remained on the farm until he sold it in 

jf 1878. He then went to St. Louis, and from there to Kansas City, where, 

I in 1879, he took a commercial course in Spaulding's Commercial College, 

and remained there until 18S0, when he returned to Clarksville and became 

associated v.ith Dr. C. T. Pepper in the drug business, and so continues. 

r He is a zealous ^Lason. He was initiated in April. 1876, and passed through 

all the degrees with proficiency in three months, aud in 1877 was chosen 

, and tilled the position of senior deacon until 1S79. He was then absent 

'^ until 1880, and in 1881 he was chosen to fill the position of senior v.-arden, 

and during tliat year, the worshipful removing from the lodge jurisdiction, 

■■'': '■ ii) 


he became worshipful master ex ojjicio^ filling tlic poEition with credit to j 

himself ;ind satisfaction to the lod2:e. 1 

JTt(l,«:?e John A. Mackoy. The subject of this sketch was born in Calu- 
met township, Pike county, Missouri, on the 9th day of October, 1S2S. He 
is the son of Joseph nnd Elizabeth Jlackey, who were among the first set- 
tlers of the township. His father was born in iSTorth Carolina in ITOi; re- J 
mo\ cd thence to Tennessee and afterwards, in 1817, to Pike county, Mis- ^ 
souri, where he diecl in 1S55. llis mother, Eli;iabeth Davis, was born iu j 
St. Charles county, Alissonri, in ISOG, and removed with lier parents to Pike -j 
county when about ten years of age. She is still living, and resides upon 
the farm to which sl:e removed immediately after her marriage, about sixty ^ 
years ago. James Mackey, tlie grandfather of the Ju.dge, and who came -j 
v/ith his tv.'o brothers to Pike county in 1817, was a soldier of the Ttevolu- •'! 
" tion and participated in the battle of Bunker Hill. The barrel of the old 'i; 
rifle which he used there and in other engagements of that memorable con- \ 
iiict is etill preserved by his grandson and is one of the few remaining relics '] 
of that early and stormy period of our country's history. Judge Mackey is -^ 
one of a family of ten children, eight of whom, four of each sex, still sur- ?, 
vive. He was reared on a farm and received only a common English edu- \ 
cation, such as the poor educational facilities of the times afforded. After a 
reaching his majority he devoted some time to self culture and then began '^ 
his career as a country school teacher. For one or two years he was thus 
engaged, when, abandoning the school room, he entered into mercantile pur- 
suits for a short time in the town of Clarksville, but this he soon gave up 
and retired to a iarm, the active and su3cessful management of which has 
since been the business of his life. In addition to growing large quaiititics 
of grain of different kinds, as also tlic splendid fruits to which his neighbor- 
hood seems specially adapted, he has occasionally handled large numbers of : 
both cattle and mules, from the sale of which he seldom fails to realize band- 
some profits. By his industry and ])er5everance, no less than by the proper 
exercise of his remarkable judgment, Judge Mackey has succeeded in accu- 
mulating a very considerable fortune, and that without hav ing once incurred 
the charge or esen undergone the suspicion of ever having done anything in- 
consistent with the character of an upright and dignilied Chri.-^tlan gentleman. 
In 1S74 the subject of our sketch vwas chosen justice of the peace tor Calu- 
met township. So satisfactorily did he discharge the duties of the office 
that befbi-c the expiration of his term of service he was elected county judge 
for a period of six years, and although by an act of the Itrgislature the time 
of all the county judges was made to expire in 1S78, Judge Mackey was re- 


'i '.ll' 


clcHed without opposition as presidin.- judge of the county court for a term 
of four year. l>v hi. wise aaniiuistration of public affairs the i.o.nenee 
Mt of the county was ahuost extinLniished, and the people of Pike will 
lon<^ hold the efficient and faithful services of hi.nself and his colleagues m 
.raleful remembrance. Judge Mackey was lirst married to Miss Susannn^li 
McLoed. Koveniber 23, 1S53. Ko children survived this union. IIis wife 
hPvin.. died, June 21, 1S05, Judge Mackey was again .named to ^u^s bu- 
cpnn Ji M. Kellv, on the 22d day of September, 1.70. They have one child, 
;*d.u.hter. Sei;na J. Mackey, now nine years of age. Judge Mackey is a 
consis'tent member of the Cumberland rresbyterian Church, a man of hb- 
eral views, enterprising spirit, and most excellent ciualitles of botn mind 
and heart. • ■ ' ' ■ ' 

Jo^ob Newton Mackey, grocer and dealer in queensware and tinware, 
ClarksvllUe, was born near ClarksviUe, Missouri, April 28, 1S55. He was 
raided in Lincoln and Lewis counties. IBs father dying when he was two 
yeai- of a-e, he continued to live witli his mother until he was fifteen, when 
he came to'ciarksville and lived with his uncle, Dr. J. A. P. Knox, and when 
eighteen he be-an clerking in his drng store and was so employed lor two 
yelr^ when he\vent to Canton, Missouri, and attended school two years. 
Duriii- the winters of lSTY-S-9, he accompanied his uncle Joseph Mackey 
on bu^ne.s trips to Xatchez, Mississippi, and in 1S79 he became associated 
withP F Yates in the grocery business in ClarksviUe, under the firm 
name of Yates & Mackey, they doing bu^iness together up to February, 
]S^^ when Mr. Yates retiring from the firm he has continued the business. 
He is a member of the Christian Church, is a Master Mason, and mem- 
ber of ClarksviUe Lodge :S^o. IT, A. F. & A. M., and has served one term as 
■junior warden. 

^Yilliam Jackson Mackey, tobacco manufacturer, is anative of Missouri 
born in Fikecounty, May 4,1845. Bis lather, Joseph Mackev, wasanativeof 
IS^orili Carolina, born ii; 110^, and was a planter by occupation. He moved 
to Tennessee, where he resided some time, but determining to go lurther 
west he immigrated to Missouri and settled in Tike county, some six miles 
from ClarksviUe, having come here with James Mackey, who was originally 
from North Carolina, and was an extensive land-holder.' When our subject 
was a small bov his father came to reside on the farm where his mother is 
DOW living, and where his father died, May 26, 18.55. Mr. Mackey ^our 
subjects was educated at Watson Seminary at Ashley; he also took a com- 
mercial cour.e in Jones's Cominercial College at St. Louis. He was mar- 
ried to iiiss MoUie Clinbrd, daughUr of Capt. B. P. Clifford, November 


[ 15IO(. KA.l'lf[OAL SKETCITKS. ' 5S3 

\ 2'', 1ST3. She died November 22, 1880, loavinir three cliildreu : Lucy E., 
I Williain C, and Chai-K:-s T. ' '- . ■ .■ " ■ " •■■ 

I Albcri 11. MoDuniiold, Clarksville, is a native of Pike county, born in 

\ 1857. His fiitiier \vu3 Andrew M?Dannold, a native of Keutnekv, born 
[ December 20, ISOT, and immigrated to Missouri in IS:;.".. [le })urcha3ed 
I and settled on tlie iann wliicL oar subject now owiis in ISvJS, on wliieli he 
I continued until his death in ISSO. lie was married at Eureka Sprinf/s, 
I Arkansas, to Lou.isa M. Gaines, liis first wife, a native of Kentucky, ^vho 
died in April, 18^7, leaving six children, five of wliom are still living. He 
was married the second time to Martha McCune, a native of Yir'^-inia. 
Tliey liave two cliildreu living: Enoma (now Mrs. J. M. Givens), and our 
subject, who was raised on tlie farm and educated in the common scliools i 

of the country. He was married January 30, 1870, to Lizzie Shaw, daugh- 
ter of A\"illiam and Miirthi Sliaw, of Louisiana, who was originally from 
Virginia, and came to 'Missouri in 1833. 

; JaJiie.S MelOtlu, butcher, Clarksville, was born at Paynesville, Pike 
[ county, Missouri, October S, 1830, where he was raised and lived with his i 

I parents, Andrew and Mary (nee Long) Meloan, until his father's death, | 

I which oceuired in ISli, and afterwards with his mother until he was I 

f eighteen, when he began to do for himself. At that age. in 1849, he went \ 

1 to Wisconsin \\ith a drove of cattle, in which he owned an interest, and in i 

[ the summer oi' that year he went to Fort Snelling, Minnesota, and was em- 1 

I ployed as a cattle driver by Kobert Steel, a governmen-t contractor, return- j 

I ing to Paynesville in the iall. In the spring of 1850 he went overland to 1 

1 California, where he rained at diiferent places, but mostly at Pilot Hill and 1 

I Big Bar on the middle fork of the American Piver. Meeting with succes 'i 

I he returned to Pike county in the fall of 1851. IJe was then variously em- | 

\ ployed until 1853, when he engaged in farming as a renter- in the vicinity ' :| 

of Paynesville until the spriiig of 1859, when he started with a company j 

of neighbors for Pike's Peak, which proved a failure, as the trip was abau- j 

doned when about half made. Peturning in the fall he resumed farming \ 

and handlina" stock, whicii he followed until 18(34, when he came to Clarks- I 

I ville and established his present meat market. March 10, 1852. lie married 1 

\ Miss Catliarine Porter, of near Clarksville. They have eight children, VrU- i 

I liam A., Henry, associated with his father in the meat market, Samuel, 
I Burkley, Chnrles, "VTalter, Sweeney, and Arthur. 

I John S. Maiitipley, grocer, of the firm of M. Plain <t Co., is a native of 
I Virginia, bofn|iu Amherst county, December 6, 1815. His father being a 
farmer, lie spent his boyhood days on the farm, and was educated iu the 


I schools of his native comity, training himself for a tracher. At the out- 

I break of the war he enlisted in the Confederate annv and served two vear-^ 

|, after wliich he came to .Missouri. In ISCT he went to Paynesvillc and en- 

f g^gcd in teacliing for souie time. In 1874 he came to Clarksville and was 

s em]->loyed as book-keeper aiid sale.'^mau for the firm of Yates cV: McDannold 

f. which position he held abort four years. wJien l^c embarked in business for 

I himself in company ^viih hi? brother, who after two years disposed of liis in- 

1^ terest to James Blain, and Alantipley 6c Blain novr constitntc the lirm. 

r Mr. Mantiplev was married to Miss Margaret Shotwell, danirhter of John 

% Shotwell of this county. They have two children: William E. and I'kKvard 

I' M. ALr, M. is a member of Lodge No. IOCS of the Knights of Honor; he 

I also belongs to the A. O. U. W. ■ 

h John 3Ii(Idletop.. blacksmith and wagon-maker and dealer in agricul- 

f: tural implements, Clarksville. He was born in Shepherdsville, Kentucky, 

|- . September, l>'3o. A'rhfn aboui four years old, in 1S37, lie came to Mis- 

I' sonri with his parenis, Thomas and Elizabeth {;tire Wright) Middleton, they ] 

l^ settling in T*ike countv on the farm now known as the Shannon farm, where J 

t . , ' 1 

f they lived until 1S39, and then came to Clarksville, wliere his father died | 

I in 18-13. He thicre continued to live with his mother, and as soon as old ! 

£ enongli assisted lier to maintain her familv. His first work when a' I 

f: • mere lad was to haul cord wood with a yoke of oxen, receiving twelve and 

I one-lialf cents per day wages. In ISSi he began to learn the trade of black- 

t Emithing in the sho}^ of his elder brothers, L. and J. Middleton, being with 

i' theni until 1S57, when he and John Fern bouglit his brothers' establish- 

^ nient and have carried on the business of wagon-making, blacksraithing, 

L and dealing in agiicultnral implements ever since, under the firm name of j 

K Middleton kSz Fern. Septcniber 17, ISol, he married Miss Maggie, daugh- 

f ter of Bird Frice,of Clarksville. They have one son, James B., a merchant 

of Clarksville. Himself and wife are members of the Christian Churcli at 
Clarksville, of Vvdiich he hriS been a deacon for eight years. He is a mem- 
ber of Clarksville Lodge .No. 53, 1. O. O. F., of which he is past grand; 
also of Calumet Lodge 1068, K. of H., of which he is assistant dictator, 
and of Clarksville Lodge Xo. 9-1, J. O. G. T., he being the first wortliy chief 
of the lodge. He has served as councilman at difierent times about ten 

Kinzea H. NoitIs, grocer and commission merchant, was born in Bour- 
bon county. Kentucky, January 16, 1831. His father, AVilliani J. Xorris, 
w^as a native of the same state, and a planter by occupation; he immigrated 
to Missouri in 1832, and settled in Canton, Lewis countV; then in 1S3G moved 


moGUArnicAL SKKTCirKS. 585 

to Juckson county ; then in IS-tl lie went to Topeka, Ivansas, where lie now 
lives. The maiden name of the mother of our subject was Sarah Stevens, a 
npvtive of Kentucky; she <lied in 1855. Our sul)ject was educated at the 
State University at Columhia. IMissouri. Jn 1850 he enp;ai,^ed in mercan- 
tile business in Weston, Missouri; leavin;:^ there in 1S5S he went to St. 
Joseph where he engaged in business until the war broke out, during wliicli 
liO spent five years on the plains and in the mountains. In 1S<J5 he came 
to Clarksville and established liis present business. In 1S54: he was married '. 

to Miss ]\rarlha J. r.ankhead, daughter of John M. Bankhcad, an old settler 
of this county. They have live children: Lizzie, Mollie, Ellen 13., Charles A., i 

i Charle.s T('l)}jsPe])i)er, 31. D., was born at Flemingsburgh, Kentucky, 

I September 21, 1847. Ke is the fourth of five sons of Enoch S. and Sarah K. 
\ (Tebbs) Pepper, both natives of Virginia, who in their younger days settled 
\ in Kentucky, from where they removed to Missouri in 1855, and lived at 
j Clarksville until 18C2, when they removed to Palmyra, IMissouri, where 
! they lived until their death, his father dying while on a visit to Kentucky 
I in 1804, and his mother at Palmyra in 1805. The subject of this sketch 
was mostly educated in St. Paul's College at Palmyra. At the a^e of eight- 
een be entered the drug store of J. W. Hemphill, at Clarksville, as a clerk 
and was with him four years, and while with him studied medicine and after 
lakini^ two courses of lectures at the Jeflerson Medical College of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, he gradiuited from tliat institution as M. D., in the 

aijd John B. IVlr. ^'ortoii i.-> a Hicmber of the I. O. 0. F. i 

Rev. John M. (>'P)ryan, i»astor of the Ivl. K. Church South, was bora ^ 

in ]iandolph county, Korth t'arolina, at Trinity College, J uly 0, 1843, in 
which place he vras principally reared and educated. In 1807 he came to 
Missouri and euuaged in teaching, which he followed until 1870, v/hen he 
was licensed to preach. In 1872 he entered the Missouri Conference, and 
v\-as sent to Auburn, Lincoln county, where he remained two years; next to 
Wright City, three years; thence to JoDesbu)-g, Montgomery counly; and 
in the fall of 1879 came to Clarksville, having been returned until he is 
now serving his fourth year. Mr. O'Bryan has been twice married, first to 
]Miss Serena Hall of Troy. She died September 10, 1875, leaving two 
children, Enoch M. and Joseph L. Li 1877 he was again married to Mic-s 
Mary Ballard, daughter of William Ballard of Wright City, Missouri. They 
have three children, Carrie, Paul, and the babe, unnamed. 

Mr. O'Byran.-s present circuit extends to Payuesvilie, Smith Chapel, and 
Ellsburg. He has been for uiany years a prominent uiember of the Ma- i 

sonic fraternity of Auburn Lodge No. 14, A. F. & A. M. j 


spriiii,^ of 1SG9. He then located at ClurksviUu, and with the exception of 
about'eleven months absence al Leudville, Colorado, iu 1879 and l^SO, he 
has been in con-tHUt practice there. October 18, ISTO, he nuirricd Mis3 
Allie, daughter of Capt. Fleniino' Calvert of ClarksviUe; they have one 
child, Charles Flemin^^. Iliniself nnd wife arc inenibt-rs of the Cumber- 
land Prcsbyteriraj Churcli, of which he has becii a ruling elder for four I 
years. He is a .luistcr Mason and member of Clurksviile Lodge ]S"o. 17, | 
A. F. vS: A. M., and is past master of his lodge. | 

Joseph 31. l'epp«'V. This gentleman is a native of Tike county, born | 
• October 30, 1855. Hi.^ father, Joseph S. Fcpi-er, wa.s born in Kentucky | 
and immigrated to :Missouri with his father in ISIS. The grondfatber of the \ 
■ Bubiect of our sketch was Samuel Pepper; he immigrated to Missouri at an i 
■ earlv diiy, aiid purchased a large tract of land souie three and a half miles | 
from ClarksviUe. on wh.ich he made his permanent home until tiie time of | 
^ ^ his death in lS7i. The father of our subject was married to Andra P. | 
^ Mackey, daughter of Joseph Mackey, Esq. She died in 1S57, and her bus- | 

-- band soon followed her to the goodly land, ho dying in lb5;i. They lelt | 
r two sons, one of whom died, leaving J oseph M. tlie only survivor. Mr. Pep- , 

f per was reared and educated on a iarm. He attained his education at Lou- 

I isiana and Fulton. After completin.g his education he engaged .n farming 

I • and now has one of the best farms iu the neighborhood; throe bundled and 

I sixteen acres in cultivation, all ^vell ac.pted to the growing of gram, as web 

I as blue--rass. Mr. Pepper has Jine improvements on his farm; his resi- 

r dence \L large two-story irame hou.e, supplied with every convenience tor 

i making a home comfortable. He has a splendid barn, supplemented with 

all the necessary accessories tor making tarming prolitable and pleasant. 
I Mr Per,per was married December 18, 1878, to Mi.s Gussie B. Starke, 

I daughter of Washington Starke, of Pettiscounty. They have three children, 

I two boys and a giH, Thomas J. W., J oseph L. S., and Mattie. 

I . Caleb Weldoil Ph;UT, IL D., was born on a Iarm fi^'e miles southeast of 

I Powhnc. Green, Pike county, Missouri,September ^% 1823. He rs the son 

k of Samuel and Margaret ( G;urley) Pharr, natives of Tennessee, who came 

I to Missouri tVon. Kinlucky in 1810, and settled in Pike county, where our 

I subject was born. He was raised at his birthplace, and educated m the 

; . common schools, and by attending the Marion College in Mar.on coun^, 
I Missouri. Li ISiG he bei^an reading medicine in the olace ot Dr. M. U 

I McFarland of Louisville, Missouri, and was under his preceptoi-slnp untjl 

f his graduation as M. D., in the .pring of 1851, from the St. Louis Med- 

. , ,r- • c-,T«n T^r.Ivp'N'tv now the Meaical v..oi- 

ical Department of the Missouri State Lnne.b.n, nc n> 

r ■ ■ ' ■ ■ ■ 



BIOGRAPIIICaI. skeiches. 

lege of St. Louis, lie hciran his proeticu in this county in the vicinity of 
Clarksvllle and practiced one year before he graduated. After graduutini^ 
be practiced at Boonsboronoh, Missouri, until May, 1852, when he 
became associated with his preceptor, Dr. McFarland, at Louisville, 
with whom he practiced until the s})rlng of 1858, when he located at Ashley, 
where he practiced r.p to ISt'.j. -wid then removed Olark^ville, whore he has 
been in constant practice ever since. In 1880 his son William A. became 
associated with him in the firm name of Drs. Pharr & Pharr. With his med- 
ical practice he is uiso engaged in nianufactaring and dealing in barrel> 
boxes, Btaves, hoops, and lumber, being associated with L. W. Haywood in 
tlie firm of llaywuod & Go. December 5, lSo2, ho was nuirried to 
Xancy Ellen, daughter of Caleb McFarland, Esq., of Lincoln countv, Mis- 
souri. Thev have five children, Marcus ITenrv, William Arthur, Mao-rrie 
Banham, .lames E., of Colorado, and Nellie A'., attending the Chadwick Col- 
lege at Quiney, Illinois, lie is a Master nnd Poyal Arch Mason. 

Wiliiajii Arthur Pharr, M. D., Clarksvllle, was born in Louisville, Mis- 
souri, I^ovember 5, 1855. He is the son of Dr. Caleb W, and N. Ellen 
{7iee McFarland) Pharr. Whe!i he was about three years old his parents 
removed to Ashley, Pike county, where he lived with them until ten years 
old; he them removed with them to Clarksville, where he lived until man- 
hood. He was educated by attending the Goodman & Pieid xVcademy of 
Clarksville, until JST2, when he began the study of medicine in his father's 
office, with vrhora he studied until March 1S7T, when after takino- three 
courses of lectures he graduated as M. D., from the St. Louis Medical Col- 
I lege at St. Louis, Missouri, and after passing a competitive examination, 
I he was appointed an assistant physician and surgeon in the female hospital 
I of St. Louis, a position which he filled v/ith honor until May 1879, wdien 
[ he was placed in charge of the St. Louis poor-house and insane asylum, 
where he remained until August 1880, when he resigned the position and 
returned to Clarksville and becaivie associated with his father in the prac- 
tice of medicine. Xovember 1880, he was appointed surgeon by the K. & 
St. L. li. P. Co., and filled the position up to June 1882. He is a member 
of Anchor Lodge No. 00, K. of P., Louisiana City. 

Lewis M. Price, druggist. Among the prominent business men who 
have largely constituted the material commercial interest of Clark3\ille, 
may be mentioned Mr. Price, who, upoTi a small capital, a few ycp.ra since 
commenced his career in the commercial circle, Icavir.g the shoemaker's 
bench and embarking in the drug trade amid strohg competition, prosecut- 
ing his business v/ith a zeal seldom met with, and to-day stands at the head 



as the lea'ling druggist of liis town. Mr. Price i? a native of Pilio countj, 
and was born on tlie 16th day of October, 1840, in tlie town of Aslilev. 
Mr. Price's father, Thomas Price, was a native of Enj^land, and Wiiot\ about 
twenty-five years oi' age caine to tlie (.''^nited States. Coininf^ to Missouri 
he settled in tliC town of Ashley, where he was married to Kosana Laird. 
Later in life Tliomas I'rice. iiad determined on visitinf;- In's native conntry, 
and the vessel on which he took riassa2:e went down, and from it no tidinirs 
■were received. Tlie mother of onr subject died when he was quite yonnc^. 
Thus lie was early in life tlirown upon hlo own resoni'ces, but being possessed 
of executive ability, coupled with a determined will to succeed, he has sur- 
mounted every ditiiculty; besides having a lar2;e and I'rowing trade, with 
his kind and afi'able ways he has won hini many friends. In 18G4 Mr. Price 
was united in inarria;re witli Miss ]\Iap-p:ie Y., daughter of Pev. M. M. 
Tucker, of Prankford, this county, hrr.m this union they liave had five 
cliildren. three gu'h and two boys. ^!r. Price is a pi'ominent Mason of 
Lodge Xo. 1J7, an'} a consistent member of the C. P. Church. 

Willlailf Caswell Prewilt, This gentleman, for many years a citizen 
of Pike county, is a j\o.tive of Payette county, Iventucky, where he was 1,'orn 
on tlie PlHh of October, 1S08. His father was Vaul Allen Prewitt and his 
mother's maiden name was Mildred Ellis. Both his grandfathers, Pobert 
Prewitt and Capt. William Ellis, were natives of Yirginia, and both had 
been soldiers in the War of the Pevolution and had fought to secure the in- 
dependence of the American Colonies. In 1795, some \ears after peace had 
been proclaimed between Great I5ritain and the United States, and when we 
were no longer a dependency of England but a free and independent people, 
they left Virginia and removed with their families to the state of Kentucky 
and settled in Fayette county where they continued to reside during the re- 
mainder of their lives. The subject of our sketch, having before lost his 
parents, emigrated to Missouri in October, 1829, when he was but twenty- 
one years of age. and invested his lifnited means in laud in Lincoln county 
and near the town of Auburn, where he continued to reside for ten ^-ears, 
devoting himself to farming and the constant improvement of his properf,y 
At this time he sold his farm for wliat was then regarded as a very high 
price, and bought a small tract of land two miles south of Clarksville in Pike 
county. To this place he moved in 1SH9 and commenced, as before, to im- 
prove his land and to better his s\i;*roundings. Here h.e still resides, but 
the little tract has grown into an immense farm and the small cabin into a 
palatial residence. Mr. Prewitt was engaged in the mercantile business in 
the town of Chrksvilic from 1840 till 1843 when he sold out his business 

' ■, > 

lilOOliArillCiVL SKLTCHliS 5S9 

and again audiessed himself to tlie duties of the fiiriu. ]n ]\rarch, 1S45, he 
was married to Martha C Prewitt, daughter of Rohoit C. l/rewitt of Lin- 
cohi county. At tliib time Mr. IVewitt was in the thirty-seventh year of his 
age, and had hecn a housekeeper fifteen years, while his wife was ahuost a 
girl, being at the time of her marriage a little less than seventeen years of 
age. To these parties ii\-e children have been born, of vv-hom only one, 
Williatn C. Prewitt, Jr., survives. The father of Mr. Prewitt, and also his 
wife's fatlier, who were brothers, were Kentucky volunteers in the War 
of 1812 and served in the army pf the northwest under General Harrison. j 

The former, Vaul Allen Prewitt, was adjutant of Colonel Dudley's ]iegi- 
ment and was captured at Dudley's defeat near Fort Meigs on the Maumee 
Piiver, and after being stripped by tlic Indians of all hi& clothing excejjt his 
pants and shirt, was thrust with some five hundred others into the famous 
Bull-peu where they received much severe treatment, until the interference 
of Tecuniseh i>ut a stop to the cruelty of the savages. Eobert C. Prewitt ,| 

had been captured, before his brother, at the River Kaisin. He entered the .j 

army before he was eighteen years of age and claimed that on accoimt of 5 

the difKcuUy of getting supplies to the army he suffered more from hunger .^ 

than from all other causes. William C. I'rewitt, our subject, has long been | 

actively engaged in successful farming, wliile the ].rofjts arising from his <| 

business have been cautiously and safely loaned, until at this time the accu- j 

mulations have been such that he is known to be the wealthiest citizen of | 

Pike county. To his honor be it said that no man wh.o knows him could be 
induced to believe that he has ever made a dollar by any other than the 
most honorable means, and that he would scorn to take advantage of either 
a man's ignorance or necessities in order to gain for himself any pecuniary 
\ advantage. Within the last few years Mr. Prewitt has made very con?ider- 
I able in vestments in real estate in the state of Colorado, where he spei>t sev- 
1 eral years with his sick daughter, Mrs. Mattie C. Gentry, wife of P. T. 
[ Gentry, who died in September, ISSl, at the homestead in Pike county, 
! Missouri. Mr. Prewitt, while he has been generally successful, and lias 
1 succeeded in amassing a fortune.largely in excess of that of a majority of the 
1 mo^^t successful busin^^ss men even in the money centers of the country, has 
1 also, in various ways, during a long and active business career, sustained 

losses that a-gregate a large sum of money. Put losses can no more de- j 

\ press him than the constant accumulation of wealth can make him e-thcr , 

[ selfish or vain. Under all circumstances he is the same cheerful, urbane, j 

and dicrnified Christian gentleman. He is hospitable alike to the rich and j 

the poor, while his generosity is exhibited in the quiet and unostentatious 

I ' ' ! 


manner in wLieli he contrilnites to all cliarities and especially to the necee- 
sities of the poor and the unfortnnate. 

l^Iicliael Jaco]» lleiillieimer, merchant of Clarksville, was born at Tha- 
leiechvvciler, Rheinpfalz, Germany, April 3, 1S4S, where he Wds raised. He 
was educated in his rpitive cify and at Forhach, Franco. 13 is father, Jacob 
Ixoinheimer, being a dealer in hides, furs, and leather he was brono^ht up to 
that business, and began to travel for him as a salesman at the age of seven- 
teen, and was so employed until he was twenty-two, Mdieu, in 1.S70, he immi- 
grated to the United States. He located lirst at Louisiana, Missouri, where 
he was employed as a clerk in the store of Lesem J^rothers for seven months, 
when he went to Delaware, Hlinois, where he clerked in the store of his 
brother, S. M. Rcinheimer t^ Co., for four years, when, in the latter part of 
lS7-f, he went to New York City, wliere he vras en)ployed as a traveling 
ealesman for the wholesale house of ]\foses S: Meyers, manufacturers and 
importers of optical goods one year, wlien, in October, 1S75, he went tc 
Clarksville and estaldislied his present business. Mr. Eeinheimer had to 
depend uTion his own resources to Gain a business footinir. He bcfran his 
life with nothing, but by du3 diligence and persevering industry and econ- 
omy he has succeeded in building up a good business reputation at Clarks- 
ville, and has a paying trade. December 13, 188'2, he was joined in wed- 
lock with Miss Mollie llainsfurther, of Petersburgh, Hiinois. Being a He- 
brew by birth he holds to that faith, but is not a member of any congrega- 
tion, but is a member of Eivcrside Lodge No. 285, I. O. B. B., a Hebrew 
society of Louisiana, Missouri, of which he is a charter member. He is 
also a Master and lioyal Arch Mason, and a men)ber of Clarksville Lodge 
No. IT, and of Grossman Chapter Xo. 156, Delaware, Illinois, and has 
served as secretary of liis lodge several years. 

Joint A. Reiieaii, stock dealer, post-office Clarksville. This gentleman 
is a niti'.e of Tennessee, born in Hawkins county, in the township of liog- 
ersville. October 15, 1S47. He was raised on a farm. His father, Charles 
^L Renean, was also a native of Tennessee, and was a blacksmith by voca- 
tion. He immigrated to ^Lissouri in 1852, settling in Clarksville, where he 
remained until his death in January. 1873. His mother is still living, and 
is making her home with the subject of our sketch. Mr. Benean, when 
grown, engaged in farming and trading in stock. In 1871 he was elected 
constable, serving four years, and at the same time filled the office of dep- 
uty sheriti'- At tlie expiration of his term of otiice he resumed the stock 
business, dealing largely in cattle and hogs, shipping to St. Louis mostly, 
and supplying the butchers trading in this part of the connry. He was 

:» «tM7 "• ' I • '.'Jj-'O'i'; ■ :i/'iT«^.:' 


married April 9tli, 1S78, to Miss Alice C. Lyter, daiiglitcr of Alex. Lyter, 
of this county. They have two children. He is a JMuson, beiiifr ^i member 
of Lodge Xo. IT. 

William F. Rich.'irdson. M. I)., was born at (^)uincy, llUnois, Febrnary 

19, 1S39, wl.iere he was raised and educated; Ids parents both dvin;; before 

he was fifteen, he was thrown r.pon his own I'esources and had to maintain 

and edncate himself. In 1SG6 he began the study of medicine in the otiicc 

of Drs. Vance & Torance of Quincy Illinois; he studied with them until 

18G9 when betook iwn courses of lectures in the Ainericau Medical College 

of St. Louis; he then began to practice, at 13arry, Illinois, with one of his 

preceptors, Dr. C. 11. Yance, and practiced there and at Louisiana up to 

; 1S71, wdicr- he took his third canrse at (lie American 2^Iedical College and 

I graduated as M. D., in tlie spring of 1S75. He then located at Olarksville, 

I where he has practiced ever since. In 1SG4 he married Elva 11. Ferry, of 

Quincy, Iliiiiois. 

I 3Iiclltiel Rickard. Mr. Tllckard is a native of County Mead, Ireland. 

i He was horn October 1, 1S25. He is tlie son of Edward and Marcella Sew- 1 

ard Eickard, both natives of County Mead. They both died there; ^Irs. ■ i 
Rickard in 1S37, and ]Mr. Eickard ivi 1852. Michael Eickard came to ]■ 

America in 1816. He landed in Xew York and stayed there three months. ^ 

He then went to Morris county, Kew Jersey, where he remained for seven 
years engaged in the iron nnnes there. He then moved to Hudson City, 
New York, wdiere he lived ten years. He was a street contractor a part of 
the time, and a part of the time inspector of the Bergen tunnel which was 
built by the Xew York vfe Erie. Railroad. In ISrt.S he went to New Bruns- 
wick in the employ of the Cam'j'ftbella Mining Com]>any of New York to 
take charge of the copper and lead mines of the company there. He re- 

j mained there five years, and then came to ClarksviJle, and has made this 
j his home ever since. He was married, in ISoU, to Mis? Elizabeth Croniu. 
They were married in Ntw Jersey. Mrs. Eickard is a native of County- 
Cork, Ireland, and the daughter of William and Mary Cronin. By this 
union they had two children, John and Anna. Mrs. Rickard died in 1S53. 
Mr. Rickard married his present wife in 1857. She was Miss Bridget Ros- 
common, daughter of James and iNlargaret Riley Roscommon. They came 
to this country in 1852 from County Roscommon, Ireland. There are five 
children, two, Mary and Katie, now living, and three, Maggie, Josephine, 
and an infant nut named, dead. John is living in Nesv York, Annie js the 
f wife of William B. W^irrasby, of Pike county. Mary and Katie are still at 
home. Mr. Rickard is a stone mason bv trade but a large part of his life 

, 1 1 


592 HisTORy OF riKi: covnty. 

has been spent in public and niining eiiterj^risos. lie and his family are 
members of the Koinan Catholic Church. Thej belong to the Clarksville 
congregation. Mr. Rickard is also a member of the Independent Order of 

Good Tciuplru's. 

Jolin 0. Robertas, Cla-r.-ksville. Tliis sketch outlines the life of a gentle- 
man who has fur almost half a century been a citizen of Pike, and who has 
had business and ofiicial coiinection with many of the most important enter- 
prises looking to the advancement of the material interests and general 
prosperity of the county. IV! r. Roberts is a native of Virginia, born in 
Albemarle county, and almost within the shadow of Monticello, the home 
of Jefferoon, on the 9th day of June, 1S30. He is the son of Jeremiah 
iiobertSj wlio emigrated tu Missouri in 1835, and settled near Rrairieville, 
where he continued to reside, following the avocation of a farmer until a 
few years before his death, wlien he removed to Clarksville and engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. Mr. Roberts' mother, a lady of wonderful native in- 
tellect aud the most liberal intelectual culture, v.-as Mildred Fagg, a daugh- 
ter of Major John Fiu'g, and a sister of the Hon. T. J. G. Fagg of St. Louis, 
an able lawyer and distinguished jurist, and once a raembei' of the Supreme 
Court of Missouri. In 1847, when but seventeen years of age, the subject 
of oiir sketch removed to Clarksville and began clerking in a house of gen- 
eral mercliandise, where he remained until 1S51, when he engaged in steara- 
• boating, running tirst from St. Lonis'to Keokuk, and for a while clerking on 
some of the best aud fastest steamers ]Jying between St. Louis and xNew Orleans. 
Charmed with the constant change of place and the excitement incident to 
a life on the river, he continued for five years (until 185G) to ])reside over the 
offices of some one of the magnificent steamers then traversing our great 
national water highway Three years previous to his abandonment of the 
river, Mr. lioberts was united in marriage to Miss Marv Malvina Swain, 
I daughter of Warren Swain, one of the first settlers of this portion of the county 

I and who came on a flatboat much of the distance between his eastern home 

I and this, the then far distant west. In 1856 Mr. Roberts resumed the mer- 

V, : cantile business, forming a partnership with Capt. B. P. Clitibrd, a gentle- 

l man of large wealth and great probity of character, in whicli he continued 

I until the year 1S62, when he engaged in milling, and is at this time the 

I president of the Inpperial x>[ill Company of Clarksville, where he is and has 

! long been successfully conducting one of the largest interests of the county. 

lu 1870, assisted by a few of his fellow townsmen, he organized the Ciarks- 
! ville and Western Railroad Company rnd orignated the plans, by which 

{ means for its partial construction, at least, could be raised; chosen its hrst 


" •t,:i! 

I -I, ; 


president, he so entirely devoted his energies to tlie work that the enter- 
prise, at iirst regarded as chimerical, assumed, after a time, the aspect of 
jeiislbility and linanliy culminated in the coustruction ol" tlic road whose 
northern limit is Keokuk, and whose southern terminus io St. Louis. He is 
also interested in the paper mill at Clarksville, and througii the elTorts of him- 
self and his associates the ento! prise has ))roven hijrhly sati:-.fac-,tory. Mr. Rob- 
erts was the clerk of the 1ir»t board of trustees of tlie ii-coi-poraled town; has 

served long as a member of the common council; was largely identified with j 

the construction of the excellent system of gravel roads to be found in the t 

county, of one of which he is now and has been for nearly twenty-live years [ 

secretary, and has persistently sought by all the means in his power to con- J 

tribute to the ujibuilding of all the interests, mat^-rial, social, and moral of .• 

the community of which lie has so long been a meml>er. j 

[ . . , . " ^ 

I Levi Marion Smith, grocer and commission merchant and steamboat i 

I agent, of Clarksville, was born near Bridgeton, St. Louis county, Missouri, ; 

[ November S, 1S25, He is tlie son of James and Elizabeth (nee Ellis) Smith. j 

[ When lie was five years old his parents removed to near New Hope, Liur ! 

I coin county, Missouri, wheie lie lived with them until of age, when he bc^gan j 

I business for himself asa fanner in the same county, and with farming he, .j 

I in 1850, built the grist-mill kiiown as Smith's Mill, near I^iynesvillc, Pike \ 

\ county. In _1SG3 he came to Clarksville and engaged in his present busi- ! 

I ness. December 28,18-18, he married jMiss iS'arcissa Bradford, daughter \ 

1 of Ira T. Nelson, of Xew Ho])e. They have three children, ]\Fary J., wife ' ! 

I of John A. Wirick, of Clarksville; James T., of the firm of Smith <Sc ]>oone, ' 

\ tobacco manufacturers, of Clarksville, and J. D. B. L., at hou)e. Himself i 

\ and wife are members of the Christian Church of Clarksville. He is a Mas- i 

I ter Mason and member of Clarksville Lodge No. 17. j. 

^ . ■ 

\ James W. iStiirk, sou of James and Jane (Watt) Stark, was born in r 

f Pike county, Missouri, seven miles west of Clarksville. His father and ' ; 

* mother were both natives of Bourbon county, Kentucky. They were married ■ 

I there May 5, ISlo, and in 1816 they moved to Pike county, Missouri, ] 

f and settled on the ft;rm where our subject was born. They lived here until ! 

j the death of !Jr. Stark, which was in J^tay, 1873. Mrs. Stark is still living •' 

iand is in her eighty-sixth year. She lives with her dai;ghter Susan, who is , 
the wife of Isaac Jump, Esq., of Pike county. The children of this family 

[ were sixteen in number and all lived to be grown, and all but one mar- ■ 

I ried. The names were Henry,- Thomas, John, Eliza, James W., Elizabeth, • 

\ ^lary, William, Sarah, Thornton, Susan, Washington, :N[argaret, Julia, Jane, j 

t and Edward. Henry was drowned in Illinois opposite Clarksville in 1840; ; 



he was about twenty-five years old. Ue was out with a fishing party and 
was taken with crani}»sand drowned hctbro assistance reached him. Thomas, 
Jo!iu, and William died in Tike county; Tiiorntcn died at Eureka Sj-rings, 
Arkansas, where he gone for ids healtli; Surah died in California,; Jane 
in Colorado; Wasiiin-ton and Marg-aret (now Mrs. James Brown), live in 
Pettis coun.ty, Missouri; Edward lives in Colorado; Eh'za is the wife of Bos- 
man Bo^Ti/ess of Audrain county. The rest all live in Pike county; Eliza- 
beth is the widow of Eewellyn Carrol!; Mary is the wife of \Vm. Carroll; 
Susan is xMrs. Wilson. James W. Stark was married December 15, 1842, 
■r. to Ivfiss Catharine J'.. Schooler. She was born in Kentucky aivd came to Pike 

, • county with her prtients in 1S28. when she was only five years old. They 
t' have had three children, Xancy Margaret, Sarah Elizabeth, and William 
I Henry. "Xancy M. is the wife of Capt. Abijah Johns of Clarksville. They 

' . have one chikl^Harry S. Sarah Elizabeth died January 19, 1S80. William 
; llenrv is living on tlio farm where his lather wa. bor.i. He married :Miss 

Margaret M. El-in of Bike county. Theyhave four children living, George 
t K., Williaiii l).,'Beulah C, and Ira O., and two dead, Leona and James Fran- 

I ■ cis. Mr. Stark has been far.ning all his life until 1ST6, when he moved to 

f' Clarksville and he now devotes his time to managing his property in 

i Clarksville and his fai'uis in the country adjoining. 

f Jolm Henry Story, 31. D., was b'.rn near Murraysville, Illinois, January 

i • 22, 1S51, where he was raised. He is the second son of Parish M. and Eliz- 

f " abeth (Emerson ) Story, with whom he lived until manhood. He ^yas t.du- 

I cated at Illinois Collegeat Jacksonville, Illinois. In 1S73 he began the study 

i of medicine in the office of Drs. Long & Long. He was under their pre- 

\ ceptorship until January, 1877, when after taking two courses of lectures he 

I - graduated as M. D. tVom the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, Ohio; 

I' and in March of that year he located at Clarksville, whore he has built up a 

I good practice. Noveuiber 11. 1^^0, he married Miss Mattie A. Goodman, 

I of Pike county; he is a member of Clarksville Lodge No. 5S, I. O. O. P., 

I and of Calumet Lodge Ko. 196S, K. of H., of Clarksville. He is medical 

^ examiner of the latter. 

i .folui A. Wirick, manager of the Clarksville Yinegar Works, and former 

\ president of the paper mill. Mr. Wirick is a native of Pennsylvania, and 

t was born in Adam- county in the month of October, ls43. He came to 

[ Missouri in the spring of 1SG»3, and to Clarksville in the fall ot I8b9, im- 

I mediately connecting himself with the Missouri Vinegar Manulactunng 

Works, which under his management has grown to be one ot the largest 
establishments of the kind in the state, and an enterprise of which the e.ti- 


zciJS of Pike county Luve great reason to be proiul. AUliongli Mr. Wirick 
eoiuineiK'cd business in meager circiiinstances he bns by judicions rnanarre- 
ment, as v;el) as purchases, accmnulaU-d a considerable amount of pro()ertj, 
and has at tlie same time ]-)roved himself a great public benefactor. In 
1871 he was married to Miss Mary J., the only daughter of ]>,. M. Smith of 
Clarksville, a lady possessed of many aceom]ilishnients and womanly quali- 
ties. Mr. A^'irick is a quiet, unassuming man, honorable in his dealings, 
and is warmly esteemed by all wlio know 


Capt. Jolili W. Bankliend, The gentleman whose name her.ds tin's 

pketeh is a native of Albemarle county, A^'irgiaia. lie was born at Monti- j 
cello, the home of his great-grandfather, Thomas Jeflersori, on the 1st day 

of December, ISll. He is the son of Charles L. Bankhead and Ann Gary | 

Kandolpb, v.liose lather was Thomas Maun Randol])h, once Governor of j 

Yiro-iiiia, and whose mother was !\[artha Jefferson, the oldest daughter of j 
the " Sage of Montieello.'' Capt. Bankhead is the oldest great-grandchild • j 

of President Jefferson, and much of his early youth was spent at the home { 

of his illustrious ancestor. The subject of our sketch was educated at the j 

University of Virginia, which was founded by the efforts of Mr. JeflTerson, j 

and which as fully attests his wisdom as many of the other importatit p\ib- 1 

lie acts of his long official and useful life. Mr. Bankhead was married to j 

Miss Elizabeth Christian, a lady of intelligence and culture, of Xew Iscnt j 

county, Yirginia, on ^'ovember 3d, 1832. Four children have been born \ 

to them. Archie C, Cary R., Martha Jefferson, now Mrs. :>sorris; and Thomas | 

Eandolpb Bankhead. The first three still survive and are all residents of .] 

Pike county. In the month of October, 1S12, Captain Banldiead moved 'j 

with his family to Pike county, ]\rissouri, and settled on the farm in Cui- j 

vre towTisliip whicli he still owns, and where fur many years lie followed the { 

honorable avocation of a farmer. He succeeded in accumulating consider- i 

able vrealth, whicli was in part ex]>ended in. the entertainment of liis friends j 

[ and the thorough and classical education of his children. Capt. Bankliead is a • 

I perfect specimen of physical manhood, a gentleman of tine j)owers of mind. j 

and of great vivacity of spirit and disposition. He is particularly fond of j 

field sports and devotes a part of every fall and spring to hunting and lish- ] 

\ ing. He is hospitable, kind, and considerate of the feelings of otliers, and j 

I lience has the respect and esteein of ail who have the pleasure ot his agree- | 
j able acquaintance. For almost thirt^'-five years both he and his wife have 
i been consistent members of the Episcopal Church, to the auvancement ot 

,r ' . -. f . 

•f .i-r,.;.i 


iirsTORy ov i-ike county. 


whose interests lie has doroted much tuou<^ht and contributed great assist- 
ance. During the last thirteen years Mr. and Mrs. Bankhead have resiled 
at Paynesvlllu Vv-itl! flieir sr-n, Dv. Gary li. Baid:head, who, witli his eolinia- 
ble wife, have found their chief pleasure in making pleasant and happy the 
declining years of their dear and aged parents. 

JiMlg'e Andrew For^'oy (deceased). The subjectof oar sketch was one of 
the oldest and best known citizens of Pike county; was born iu Montgomery- 
county, Ktaitucl:y, on tlie Sth. day ol' November, 179!), but in early life 
removed with his pai-ents to Bourbon county, Kentucky, where he attained 
his majority; in the fall of 1S30 he came to Pike county, Missouri, and af- 
ter about thirteen months i-eturned to Kentucky and remained 
for a peri<'d of two years, when he again Tcmovcd to Mi.-sourl, leaving Jil^* 
» ^.Kentucky home on the 3d day of October, 1S23, and settled on the farm at 
Paynesvillo where lie resided during the remainder of his lite. Judge For- 
gey was first married to .Mrs. J\[ary A. Lindsay, Vv'hosc nuiiden name v\'as Mary 
I . A. Gaines, September od, IS'io, just one month ]^vcvious to his departure 

I for his new and distant western home. AYith his wife he continued, in the 

I language of his own dii.ry, to live contentedly and )iai)]>ily for a period of 

I:- over fortv-SGven years. ]"rom this union were three children, all sons; 

}.. William .A., John E., and Thomas J. Forgcy, all of v.diom still survive, 

I Two of them still live in the township whoe their father so long resided, 

f and the other, T. J., has for several years been actively engaged in business 

fv iu the city of St. Louis. Having lose wife, in Julv, 1S70, Judi^e For- 

:<- gey was subsequently mai'ried to Mrs. Margaret Stone, whose maiden name 

I was Margaret Philips, a daughter of Judge (rabriel Piiili])S, of Pike county. 

h Mrs. Forgey still resides on the premises which were left her by her afl'ec- 

^ tionate and considerate husband. As early as 1838 llv. Forgey received 

I the appointment of magistrate, which iM^^sition he held during a term of 

f two years, and in lS-12 he v;as elected judge of the county courts for four 

ff years and was afterwards twice re-elected with increasing majorities, thus 

'^ holding the im{)ortant position for a p>eriod of tsvelve years, when he refused 

the use of his name as a candidate, although pressed by many friends to 
... again accej^t their proffered suffrages. After his otlicial service he retired 

to his form, though he continued merchandising, in which business he had 
been engaged for many years, until about the year 18C>S. In ISGl he met 
with a heavy loss by fire, losing his store-house and goods to the amount of 
ten thousand dollars. Judue Forgey was a man of povv'crful physical con- 
stitution, of prompt and ready action, of great prudence and pergonal and 
moral courage, and tliese qualities well lltled him for the arduous duties of 



;v frontiersman, while hU itidustroiis and ten)]>erate habits, tn^etlicr with hit; 
systematic economy, con'ritjutcd very hirgrly in the ucciinuihition ol" tlie 
large means he was afterwards able to contrul. As ntuy be inferred from 
the above .ludge Forgey was strictly a self-made man, with limited common 
school education. He was enabled, by the exercise of a sound and consnia- 
mate judgment, to fill phices of trust and i-fsponsibilitv. Without assist- 
ance he was enabled, by his own persistence and self-reliance, to carve liis 
own fortune out of his surroundings. Judge Forgey became a memh'cr of 
tlie M. E. Church on tlie 11th of October, 181S, and was, for a period of al- 
most sixty-four years, and until his death, an exemplary and consistent 
member. He died June 7, 1882, mourned by his ow!i fumilv as a tender 
and generous husband and a kind and attectioiiate father, and by the ])eo- 
ple of the village, the township, and the county, as an ujiright and enter- 
prising citizen, a coiiseieiitious and dignified Christian geiitlcmaTi, and as a 
generous and cheerful contributor to every deserviug enterprise; gave freely 
of bis own personal means to every object deserviug assistance and to every 
deserving object of charity. To furnish p school for the education of the 
children of the comm.iiuirv hie contributed liberally to the building' of tlie I 

Forgey Seminary, which, from his liberality took his name. He gave freely j 

to all church enterprises, and few houses of worship have been erected within j 

a large area of Pike county to which he has not largely contributed. Vw- ' 

biased and courteous in his treatment ol' his i'ellow men, upright and con- 
scientious in the discharge of every duty. Judge Forgey alwavs received 
and maintained the confidence and esteem of all who knew him, and when 
he passed away he left behind a memory fragrant with the esteem of the 
entire cojnmunity. 

Judge John E. For^vey, Paynesville, is the second son of Judge An- 
drew- Forgey. He was born in Pike county, Missouri, on the loth day of ' 
October, j S27, aud was here reared and educated. After completing his edu- ! 
cation he engaged in teaching school for a time, after which he went into the ; 
milling business for a short period; he then turned his attention to tlie mer- | 
cantile business in company with his father, which avocation he followed until ! 
1857; then he turned liis attention to farming, wliich lie followed exclu- i 
sivelv for three vears, when he acfain associated himself in the mercantile i 
business with his at Paynesville, which he cotitinued in coniKction | 
with his farming pursuits until 1808. Tii 1801 they had the mistbrtune to \ 
lose by fire their store-house Ciud goods to the amount of ten thousand dol- , 
lars. In ISGS he retired from the business and returned to his farm and j 
attgnding to public bu>-iness. He commenced public life when very young, j 


being elected to the inWce of justice of the peace in .1855, which office he 
held for seven years, being re-elected in 1S59. in 1S62 he resigned on ac- 
count of the stringent oath which he refused to take. He was a director 
of the public road-s for n-sany years. lie was a candidate before the conven- 
tion of 1871 for the office of countv collector but was defeated. Xot beinf 
discouraujed he no-ain allowed his name to be used for the office of induce of 
the county courts, but was a-^ain defeated in 1ST5. In 1S71 he was appointed 
by Governor I'rown to tl;e position of notary public, and in 1875 was re- 
appointed by Gov. Hardin, and in 1S79 he was again reappointed by Gov. 
Phelps, each term for four years, which ofllee he has faithfully filled. He 
has settled more estates for deceased neighbors, pro]Kibly, than any man in 
the county. In the fall of 18S2 he was elected by a large majority to tlie 
ofiice of judge at large of the county co\irts, although the ticket was closely 
contested. He v.-as married, February 27, 1851, to Miss Susanna Glass- 
cock, a native of Fauquier connty, Virginia, a lady of rare refinement and 
cultnre, and a leading member of society, loved and honored by all who 
know her. They are the parents of three children: Mollie Lina, who 
lived of'dy about four months, and two sons, Edwin Marvin and Arthur. lie 
and his wife have been active menjbers of the M. E. Church for more than 
twenty-seven years. He was elected recording steward in 1SG2, which office 
he has since held. He has a fine residence at Paynesville and a farin of 380 
acres of good land under a high state of cultivation. Judge Forgey is a 
genial, hospitable gentleman, who has a kind word for all. By honest and 
upright dealings he has won the confidence of the entire community. 

Henry H. Gaiuliiig', harness manufacturer, Paynesville, was born in St. 
Louis county, Missouri, June li, 1855, where he was reared and educated. 
He went to learn tb.e harness trade in 1871, serving four years as an ap- 
prentice, and then worked as a journeyman for seven years. In tlie summer 
of 1882 he came to Paynesville and opened a shop, where he is engaged in 
the manufacture of harness and does a thriving business. He was mar- 
ried, March 19, 1880, to Miss Anna Fielder, daughter of John Fielder of 
Clarksville, and granddaughter of the venerable George Fielder who was 
one of the pioneers of the county. By this nnion they have one child, 
Carrie E. He is a member of the Episcopal Church, ajid his wife is a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. 

Jacob B. <Tai'iiei\ Paynesville, blacksmith. The subject of this brief 
sketch was born in Lancaster county, Peun., on the Gth day of November, 
1833, a sou of Jacob and Elizabeth Garner, who were natives of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was reared in Maytown, Pennsylvania, and received a limited 

moGUAniicAL t?Ki;TCHES. 599 

education in the common seliools of the county. At the age of twentv yeart; 
he went into the Alleghany Monntain.s auJ engaged in bridge building for 
one year; then engaged in steamboating on tlie Ohio Iwivcr, which he fol- 
lowed for five years. Uo then went to Pittslleld, Illinois, where he worked 
at blacksinithing for six year^, after which ho came to Pike county, Mis- 
souri, locating at Clarksville wliere lie followed his trade for two vcars: he 
ttien came to Payuesrillc where he has since resided, and where he carries 
on a thriving business. He was married in ]\[arch, 18G0, to Mrs. Marv Wil- 
liamson, of St. J^ouis county, ]\£issouri. They have eight children: Charles 
A., Louis W.. Harry J>., Clarence, Ernest, Mattie E., Lucy E., and Evron. 
jlr. Carner and his wife are members of the Christian Church. 

Joliu P. (jtlSS, principal of tiie PayDesville Academy, vras born in Au- 
drain county, Missouri, August 1, 1848. Re received his education in the 
schools of the county and at Monroe City, and finished his course at the ] 

Kirksville State Normal School. He commenced teaching, in 1871, in the 1 

public schools of Audrain county, and afterwards was apjiointed principal 1 

of the high school at Mexico, and one year he taught in Sedalia. In 1879 > 

he took charge of the Paynesville Academy, where he has since been en- 
gaged, meeting with remarkably good success. He was married, April 22, 
1S75, to Miss Emma W. Shell, a nati^^e of Audrain county. They have two i 

children, Edna and Johnnie. He is a member of the A. F. & A. M., also i 

of the Baptist Churclt. His vrife is a member of the M. E. Church South. ' 

John R.. Guy, merchant, Paynesville. Among the old settlers who have 4 

made their home in Cul umet township for more than half a century, is the sub- ] 

ject of this sketch. He was born in Jessamine county, Kentucky, December ] 

3, 1815 ; is a son of Ilobert and Elizabeth Guy, who immigrated to I'ike countv, ; 

I ]\[issouri, in the year 1S17, wliea our subject v/as less than two years of age. I 

I He was here reared on a farm and educated in the subscription schools, and j 

although many of the instructors were possessed of inferior education, our j 

eubject by liard study in his leisure hours acquired a thorough knowledge j 

of the English branches, and by observation has acijuired a good practical j 

education. He resided with his parents until he was nineteen years of age, j 

i '^•hen he went to the lead mines of Wisconsin, where he remained for four j 

years. Here he practiced strict economy and was able to save a great por- I 

•.ion of his earnings, and when he returned to IMkc county in 1S37 he had | 

enough means to purchase •2?)0 acres of unimproved land, v.hich by hard i 

■work he improved in a manner that enabled him to sell at a large ad- j 

Vance in price. After this he purchased a large tract of 1,000 acres of un- i 

improved land, from v.uich he accumulated the large meariS lie is now 

!» ■', .;oY 


able to control. In 1S7::: he cni.';;xL.>;ec] in the niercaDtile fit Piunes- 
ville with lii.-? son James E.. where he lias i?iiicc been cngat^ed in eoni>ection 
with liis former jnirsuits. ]\Ir. Guy was first married, February 1, IS'iT. to 
Miss Lucy A. Danicron. a native of Yirginia. By this union were born 
five children, four of whom still survive: Susanna, William Me., Jame.< E., 
and John W. Tvobt-vr, the oldest, died Aug^,^t j, 1850, and Mrs. Lucy 
Guy, the wife of our subject, died December 1, LS.50. He was again mar- 
ried, June 3, ISo:?, to aMiss Elizabeth Richard?, a native of Kelson countv, 
Yirginia. By this union they Jiad one child, who died in infancv. He 
and his wife are consistent mcn:i])crs of the ChrisHan Church, and in 1S53 
he was ordained elder of the chuicli, which, otlice he has snice hehl with 
lionor to himself and th.e elmrch. 

Jolin W. Jlielt, Paynesville, was born in Pike county, Mis.'souri, February, 
1839; a son of John and Fhebe Juett, who M-ere natives of Kentucky, and ) 
came to Pike connty at an eai-jy dt\y. He wo.^ reared on a farm and edu- < 
Gated in t)ie common schools at Paynesville. He was married December 1 
24, 1S62, to Miss Mary E. Squires of this county. Our subject commenced i 
the .study of dentistry v ith ])v. AlcCuen of Louisiana, in 1859, remaining | 
with liim for one year, when he commenced practicing and followed the pro- | 
fession for seven years, and then turned his attention to farminir, Mdiich he I 
followed exclusively for a period of ten years. In 1871 he went into tlie I 
em.ploy of the Gravel Eoad Company, where he has since been; and in 
ISSlheassociatedhimself witli J. A. Greene, and purchased the mill at Paynes- 
ville, whicli is doing a thriving business. lie and his wife are the parents 
of four children, Anna May, Mary A., Walter 11. , and William D. He aiid 
his wife are members of the M. E. Churcii. 

Dr. Notley 11. Laird. Dr. Laird was born in Lalls county, June IS, 1845, 
but while he was yet an infant his parents moved to Pike connty, and here 
our subject was reared and received liis eaily education in the common I 
schools, after which he attended the liigh scliool at Milton, Illinois, spend- 
ing his vacations in teaching schaol. In 1870 he began the study of medi- 
cine with Dr. Herd Smith of Frankford, this cuunty. He s})ent three years 
with Dr. Sn;ith and took his first course of lectures the winter of 1872 and 
1873, and graduated ai the Keokuk Medical College, and received his 
diploma in the spring of 1S75. In the fall of 1875 he cominenced practic- 
ing at present location, where he has a large and successful practice. 
He was married December 1, 1881, to Miss Ida Ilites of St. Louis. He is 
a member of the Masonic order and of the Baptist Church. 



Andrew Mt'loaii, deceased, was born in ^^[<)ntg•o^nery countj, Kentucky; 
a son of Andrew and Jane Meloan, who w^ere formerly from Pennsylvania. 
Our subject immigrated to ]^Iis^ouri in the year 1820, and settled in 

I'aynesvillc, where he cuntiuucd to live tlic ren\;u'iider of iii.s life. He 
was Jiiarried to JMiss Alary Long ol" Kentucky. 'J'iiey we.»"e the parents of 
eiwht children, six sons and two daughters, all of whom lived to be grown 
men and women; viz., Josc|ih, Perry and John (twins), Edgar, Jane and 
Thomas, Caroline and Elizabeth. Mr. Meloan departed this life in 184-, 
and his wife followed him in 1852, ' They were mciiil't-rs of the CJiristian 

Josej)h 3Ieloaji. Mr, Meloan was born m Montgomery county, Ken- 
tucky, on the 27t]i day of December, 1817. He canje to Missouri in 1829, ] 
when but twelve years uf age and after attending the common country i 
schools f^r a short time, while yet on the farm, he entered the store of Dr. I 
J, .11. lluglieSj where he continued to act as clerk for two or tln-ee years | 
when, having attained his majority, lie went to the lead mines of Wisconsin, | 
Here lie remained for less thaii a year when he again returned_to Pike | 
county and resufned the avocation of a clerk, this time euterin<5: the store 1 
of Judge Andrew Forgey, where he continued to do business to the entire \ 
satisfaction of his employer, until he entered tlic mercantile business on \ 
his own account. This busine?s Air. Meloan continued until his death, j 
which occurred at Paynesville, always his home, on .Decenfoer 11, 1872. | 
Air. Aieloan was thrice married, tirst to Mahala Clark in June, 18i3. From i 
this union there ^s■as but one cliild, Yv'illiam, now a minister of the Christ- 1 
I ian Church, and lo--ated in the state of California. Air. Aieloan v.-as again i 
I married to Susan Pattou, in Deceniber, 1850. To them tv/o children were | 
[ born. In 1853 lie was married the third time to Margaret Patton, who ! 
I still survives. From this last union there were five children. Air. Meloan I 

1 was a man of great enero-y and perseverance, and at the same time possesed } 

. ' • . i 

of wonderful probitv and uprightness of character. He wrontjed no man i 

..> .., i 

and was above the suspicion ot all v/ho knew him; his word was his bond, { 

^iven with deliberatiovi but readily accepted bv everv one. He ioined the 

I Christian Church when a mere boy, and during a lung and eventful career, he I 

lived a Christian b"fe and died at last with the Christian's faith and hope. It can I 

be safely said that no man ever lived in Pike conntj- who did more gootl and 

less evil than the subject of our sketch, or whose memory is more sacredly 

I clierislied by those who.-e loiig and intimate acquaintance gave them a 

I thnrourrh knowled'^'-e of the life and character of the man. 


:t. -rfi 


Francis W. Patton, mercliaut, Paynesville. Anioiif; the prominent, bus- 
iness men of I'iki' county, tliere arc none more worthy of notice, in liistury, 
th;i.n tlic bul»jeet of our skctcli, third son of Thonuts D. and Julia A. Pat- 
ton, lie was born in Pike county, on tliC 21st day of April. lS-i-2; his 
voufh waii spent in as?islino^ his father on the farm and attending scdiool 
until he was seventeen yeais of age, when lie was enijiloyed as clerk in the 
store of Jo>epl'. Meloiui, a ]irominent merchant in Payncsville, in whose 
employ he remained until 1SG3 — where by strict attention to Ins pursuits he 
acquired a thorough knowledge of the business. At that time he embarked 
in the same business for himself, which he carried on with marked success 
for a ]->eriod of one year, when his brother J. 11. Pattrjn became associated 
with him and the firm was long known as Patton Brothers. In connection 
with their mercantile business they dealt largely in live stock, and by close 
• attention to business and careful management they have steadily added to 
their acci-rnulatlons uiilii they liave now over 1,700 acres of valuable land. 
Messrs. Patton continued in the mercantile business until 1SG7, when they 
sold out and our subject turned his attention to farming, which he followed 
exclusively for thi-ee years, after which tiuje he moved his family back to 
Pavnesville and a^rain eniraired in merchandisiuir, whioii business in connec- 
tion with his farming pursuits he has since followed. Mr. Patton was united 
in marriage December '2i. 1SG7, to Miss Bettie, oldest daughter of Wm. A. and 
Kancy A. Forgey, of this county, a lady of culture and refinement, and a lead- 
'- ing member in society. Their union has been blest with five children, four of 
whom still survive: viz., Willie F., Ilendley K.,Xarinie, Emma, and Howard 
W. ^[r. Patton was appointed notary public in 1873 by Governor Hardin, aud 
has been twice reappointed, in 1877 and in ISSl; was elected magistrate in 
1S7S for four years; ho is a Masier Mason, beiug a member of tlie Pavnes- 
ville Lodge Xo. 409. Mr. Patton and his lady are ardent workers in the 
Christian Church, he having united with that organization in 1858. He is 
a generous, lio.-pitable Christian gentlemen and among the foremost to lend 
his inllueiice. or donate from his private fundus, to any enterprise that will 
benefit the community in which he has lived since his birth. By honest and 
upright dealings he has won the confidence aud resj)ect of not only the 
people of his ov.-u village but the entire county. 

M. P. Pryor, druggist, Paynesville. Among the prominent bu^^iness 
men of Paynesxille is the subject of this sketch, who was born in Pike 
county, Xovenjber 1-1, 1856; a son of Thomas and ^[ary Pryor, who were 
natives of Virginia. Our subject was reared at Paynesville, his youth being 
spent in attending school until he was sixteen years of age, when he began 

•T. f.i 


etching, which he i'Mlli>\vcd tor about ibur years. ITo t.lieu accepted a posi- 
tion witli L. M. Smith, us agent for the steiiinboat line that plied the iVLis- 
sis^ij")])! River, where he reniHined oiie yonv. In 1S78 he piivchused the drug 
store at Paynesville, and bv strict attention to business, and honest dealings 
with his patrons, lie h;v£i won tlie confidence and respect of the entire com- 
munity, lie docs a flonri.'hiiuT business, is an enterprising .fjentlcman, and 
among the I'uremost in any enteri)rise thnt will benelit tlie i>ublic. lie was 
elected justice of the peace in 1S82 by almost a unanimous vote of the )>eo- 
ple. He was married September II), ISTS, to Miss Kute Eastin, of Pike 
county. The\^ have two children, Herbert and Hettie. Ho is a member of , 
the M. E. Church, and holds the otiice of steward of the church. His wife j 

is a member of the Ch)-i>tinn Churcli. i 

JmiK'S T. Scott, 31. I)., Paynesville. Our subject was born in St. Charles 1 

county, Missouri, January 25, 1S33. His early education was obtained in j 

the comip.on schools, and fliMshed at ])anville, ALissouri, under the super- '\ 

vision of the Rev. C. W. Prichett. He began tlie stiuly of medicine in 1 sj)J , j 

and attended lectures at the McDowell College and graduated in ISol; also, j 

at the St. Louis Medical College, in 1S70, taking his third degree, and soon | 

after coniing to Paynesville. where he has since lived. ' He was ml^rrled | 

.December 21, 1854, to Miss Elizabeth Dammon, a native of Lincoln county, "\ 

Missouri. By this uninn were born six chiUlren, of whum three still sur- i 

vive: MoUie, Eugenia, and Laforest. Plis wife died 'v.\ 186S, and he was 1 

again married, to Airs. Malvina Thurnett, a native of Calvert county, Mary- • | 
land. He is a member uf the Baptist Chui-ch, and his wife is a member of j 

the Presbyterian Church. 'j 

Joliii W. Tlirpill, deceased, was born in Bedford county, Virginia, No- I 

vember 25, 1815. wlierc he grew to mardiood. In 181:7 he immigrated to ; 

Missouri, and settled in Pike county. He was married December 28, 1S37. | 

to Miss Mildred A. Mosby, of Bedford county, Virginia. They were the j 

parents of tiiree cliildren, all of whom still survive: Anna J., "Woodson P., j 

and John P. Mr. Turpin and wife were members of the Mission Baptist 
Church. His death occurred September 7, 18G0, and January 5, 1861, fol- i 

lowing, his wife died. 

John P. Turpin was born in Bedford county, Virginia, November 4, 
1816, and when aboiit a year old his parents came to Pike county, where he 
was reared and educated. Wlien he was only thirteen years of age his par- 
ents died, and he was tlirown upon Iris own resources. Ho was married 
r>ecember 21, 1871 to A[iss Adda Bell, a native of Pike county. Tt^^y are 
tlie parents of two cliildren, Lou Bell and Lemuel. He is a member of the 
Baptist Church, and his wife is a member of the Christian Church. 

.'.•;. .IV. '.3 

V -.r:>t .• 

604 jiiSTou\ OF pikf: county. 


Morilecai Amos (doceaped), v^as born in IJonrbou county, Kentiiclcy, 
October 15, 1797, wjiere he was reared and educated. In 1S17 he came to 
Pike count}', ^nesouri, where )ie settled on a farm in Cahimet township, and 
continued to ivt-ide until hh death. He was mjirried in Buurbon county to 
JMiss Sarah Mnllierren ol tliat county; by this union were eicrht cliildren, of 
wliom five still survive: ThornaSj Elizal>eth, Benjamin F., Mordecai M., and 
Sarah A. i\[i'. Amos was a self-made man and by close attention to his 
farming pui'suits he accumulated a large proj)erty, sufiicient to leave Ids 
children all a good ho!ne. He and his wife were formerly members of the , 
M. E. Churcli, but in ISiS he withdrew ajid united with the Christian 
Church, with which he was identified until his death, which occurred August 
25, 1S79. His first wife died May 14, 1S49; he was again married in 1858 
to Miss Tempie :\[cGne, who died xlugust 20. 18G1. 

Beiijaiiiiii F, Aitios, farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Pike county, 
Augufct 11, lSo2. a son of ^-lordecai and Sarah Amos, His youth was spent in 
assisting on the farm and attending school. Li 1853 he went to California, 
where he engr.ged in mining for about eight years with good success, after 
which he returned to Pike county, where he engaged in farming whicli avo- 
cation he has since followed. lie was married August 28, 18G1 to JNliss Eliza 
W., a daughter of William and Jane Fielder of Pike county, Py this union 
were ten children, eight of whom are still living: Francis M., Ida J., Edward 
B., James IL, Dollie, Bessie, Allibam, and John G. Mr. Amos and wife 
are members of the Christian Church of which he has held the ofiice of 
deacon since 1873. He has a fine farm, a part of the old homestead, con- 
taining 132 acre:?, of good land. 

Reulji']! Aiidersoii. tarmer, post-ofiice Clarksville, This gentleman is 
a native of Pike county, Missouri, and was born May 5, 182S. His father, 
James Anderson, was born in llarrieon county, Kentucky, in 1792. and 
emigrated tu Missouri in 181S, and settled near what is now known as Cor- 
inth Church,, on a farm, where he remained until his death, which occurred 
in 1864. The mother of our subject, who died when ho was quite young, 
was Lydia Holland, and was a native of Kentucky. His parents raised ten 
children, all bat two of whom are still living. Keuben, our subject, was 
reared and educated in his native county. When grown he began business 
for himself, and en^raged in agricultural pursuits, which is his ])resent busi- 
ness, , He is now turning his attention to Short-IIom cattle. Mr. Ander- 
son was nr..L married in :March, 1857, to Plio.'be J. McDannoid, daughter 
of N, McDannoid, one among the early settlers of this county. She died 

> 'i 


BKXinArillCAl. ^<Kl!;TOJIK^. G05 

Xovcmber 1-i, 1S72, leaving four children, three boys and one girl: Wal- 
lie, Lanrrt, A. J., and Jane N., now ]\lrs. Chas. A. J3ibb. Mr. Anderson 
WHS married the second lime to Nannie It. r.ittersr.n in ISVl. She is a na- 
tive of this county and is a daughter of John Patrersun, Esq. Mr, and .Mra. 
Anderson are both members of tlie Baptist. Church. Mr. Anderstm's farm 
contains 13'2 acres, about 100 ncrcs of which are in a high state of cultiva- 

William Brown, farmer, post-office, ('alumet. Mr. Brown is a native 
of Kentucky and was born November 7, 182-i. His fiithcr, AYilliam 
Brown, was by birth a Kentuckian, and emigrated to Missouri in 1827. 
The mother was a native of Maryhind, a Miss J'-lien Cliany. ^[r. Brown 
and wife settled in (Calumet township on a farm, on wliicli he continued to 
reside till his death, whicii occurred in the fall of 1SV5. The mother died 
in December, 1S62. They raised a family of seven children (three boys 
and four girls), six of whom still live. Wm. L. Brown, our subject, was 
raised and eduGotcd in Pike county, and when he attained his majority en- 
ga^'-ed in agricultural pursuits. He was married in lSo3 to Miss Elizabeth 
^Schooler, daughter of Henry and Susana Schooler, and soon after moved to 
his present farm, v/hich at that time was one dense forest; here he began to 
ply his ax and open a way to foi'tune. By industry, energy, and economy 
he has succeeded in cleariu'r and cultivating one of the best farms in his 

• 1 

neiirhborhood, which now contains 200 acres of choice land, it being well \ 

adapted to growing all kinds of grain ajui fruit grown in this part of the ) 

country. Mrs. Brown died in December, 1S70, leaving two children, Mary I 

L. and William Henry. Mr. Brown was uuirried the second time to Miss j 

Amildia Estes (daughter of Bobert Estes), who was .born in Pike county. 1 

VViliiam B. Bucliaiian, farmer, post-office Clarksville, is a native of • 

Temple county, Kentucky, borr. March 4, 1S35. His Earlier. Evan Bu- j 

chanan, v/as also a native of Kentucky, and inunigrated to Missouri in 1549. : 

His wife'? maiden name was Lucinda Bryant. He first settled in Mont- j 

gomery county, then went to Audriaa county, where he still resides. They ; 

' raised seven children, four of whom are still living. W. B., our subject, wa3 | 

raised and educated in Montgomery county, this state. He was married j 

OctoberC, lS59,to Sarah J., daught-r of George Dugan. Mr. Buchanan moved \ 

to Pike county in 1SG3, and has li-.ed here ever since; he has always been ] 

a farmer, and is one .)f the successful ca:tle and iiog dealers of Calumet 
township. His farmconsists of one hundred and tifty-scven acres of good 
lan.d most of which is in cultivation, and finely improved. He loves tine stock 
and lias manv cattle of the best blood. Mr. B. is a member of the A. O. 



i-i :»VJ 

606 • 


U. W. They have six children: Lcn'd 11, Dora S., Georgia }I., Lucinda 
E., William J., Fannie J. Mr. and Mrs. Duchanan arc both * menibers of 
the Baptiti Cliuich. ^. 

Boiljniniu F. Claytoi), fanner, posl-.-flice Clarksville, was born in Tike 
county, Missouri, Ani:u.4 26, lS5i. His father, Cliarles O., M-as born in 
tlie city of Lexington, Kentucky, on September 10, 1S27, emigrated to Mis- 
souri in 1S5'2, and settled in Montgomery county, tlicn came in 1S57 to 
Pike county, settling near Clarksville, vrhere he continued to reside until 
his death in 1874. The n^aiden name of the mother of our subject was 
Harriett Jeans, daughter of B. F. Jeans, one of the earliest settlers. Our 
subject, on arriving at age. qualified himself for a teacher under the direc- 
tion of Prof. M. S. Goodman, after whicli he altetidcu the State ^Normal 
School f\t KirksvilJe, tliis state. He followed teaching for eight years, but 
after the death of his father lie took charge of his business; then he en- 
gaged in mercantile business in Kevada, Yernon county, this state, for 
about two years. Peturning, however, he was married, September S, 1SS2, 
to Miss Aliie Waters, daugliter of James Waters, and niece of Col. D. D. 
Boone, by whom she was raised. Mr. Clayton has served in several town- 
ship offices, and is a prominent member of the Christian Church, of which 
his wife is also a member. 

Uriel G . Clitibrd, farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Pike county, 
August 25, 18-19, a son of William and Elizabeth ClitTord. His father died 
when our subject was about a year old. }Iis youth was spent on a farm and 
attending school. When he was twenty-two years of age he purchased his 
present iarm of ll;^> acres of unimproved land, and by liard work he has 
cleared and improved it so that there is no superior of its size in the county. 
He was married, wSeptember 27, 1S77, to Miss Sally Dudley, of Pike county. 
By this union they have one child, William Homer. Mr. Clifiord and 
wife are menibers of the Chri-tian Church. 

Alexander CoO])t^i', farmer and stock-raisci' was born in Mason county, 
Kentucky, January 5, 1818, a son of Nicholas and Ann Cooper, with whom 
he came to Pike county, Missouri, in 1836, settling in Paynesville. He lived 
■with his puren.ts on a farm until he reached the age of nuiuhood. When he 
was twenty-one years of age he commenced to learn the wagon-maker's 
trade, scf-ving an apprenticeship of two years, after which lie engaged in the 
same business for himself, which he followed fur about nine years at Paynes- 
ville. He next engaged in the mercantile business at Paynesville for five 
years. He then turtied liis attention to farming and stock-raising. Mr. 
Cooper is a self-made man, having by good management and strict economy 

'•• A 

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, T ;■■.,..,, 

.'T /V) ,< 



accuHHilatcd bv liis own exertions a large })ropcrty. liis farm cunsiat.s of 
416 acres of finely itnproved land under a higli state of cultivation. lie was 
married in Is-i*} to Mi.^s Sarah Dyson, a native of En^^land. J^^y this union 
tliere were nine children, seven o^" whom still survive. TJis wife died in 1>71. 

Calvin Crow, farmer and stock-raider, post-office Clarks\ille, was l)orn 
while on tlio road from Kentucky to Aliss-snri somewhei'e near the state line 
between Indiana and Illinois. IJis lather, Benjamin Cv"\\\ was a native of 
Maryland, and went to Kentucky wliere he w<ls inari'ied to Elizabeth 
Schov-der. He came to Missouri in the fall of 1S30, and settled on the farm 
novv owned by our subject, where he followed the business of farmint^- until 
his death, which occurred in 1S63. The mother di-ed in ISOs. They raised 
a family of ni)ie children, iVmr of wiiom ai'e still living. j\Ir. Calvin Cruw 
was married in 1S54 to Miss Eunice M., daughter of William Sidwell, who 
was from Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Crow have six children living: Alice, 
Luther A., Arizona, Emma, Minnesota, and Edv,-ard. They are both, with 
their son PMward, consistent niembers of the Baptist Church. He belongs 
to the order of Patrons of Husbaudry. Mr. Crow's farm contains one hun- 
dred and sixty-thiee acres of choice land, the soil being a deep black loam, 
and for growing all kinds of grain it has no superior. He has a good 
house, with ample out-buildings. 

Williaiu 1>. CniiimiDS, post-office, Paynesville; farmer and stock-raiser; 
was born is Bourbon county, Kentucky, October 29, lS-29, and immigrated 
i to Missouri in the winter of 1853, settling and engaging in the mercantile 

[ business at Clarksville. He was married July, 1S55, to Miss Bettie :\leloan 

I of this county. By this union they have one child, Catharine. IvFr. 

f Cummins lost his wife May G, 1S62. He was again married July 2S, ISt'iS, 

\ to Miss Martha A. Stewart, of Lincoln county. By this union they have 

I four children, three daugliters and one son : Fannie M., Bettie K., Lucy L., 

\ and Benjamin E. Mr. C. moved to his j.resent farm in 18112. It conlMins 

I 260 acres of fine land, under a high state of cultivation. He takes great in- 

I terest in all public enterprises; has been justice of the peace for many years. 

I He and his wife are members of the Christian Church. 

I AVilliam S. Ellis, post-office, Paynesville; was born in Shelby county, 

I Kentucky, August 29, 1818. He was married ^^ovember 12, 1S43, to Miss 

I Sarah Eivins, a native of \YoodforJ county, Kentucky. He immigrated to 

! Missonri in 1854, and located in Lincoln county, remaining about one year. 

[ He then came to Pike county, and purchased the farm on which he has 

\ since lived. Plis wife died January 21, 1873. They were die parents of 

608 msTor.Y ok J'Ike coiixiy. 

four cliilclrcn, of v.lnch one still snrvivfs, Joim T. lie was eubseqiieutly | 

married to JNIiss OatharincY. Edwards, of Tikf county, .lamiary 4, 1S77. j 

lie and his wife are consistent members of the Baptist Chnrcli, lie having j 
united with that organization when only tixteen years of age. 

Abel G. Kstcs, fn-mcr, Olarksville. This old gentleman is a native of 

Kentucky, and was born in.Bourbun county, near Flat llock, on the 14th (\-^y 

of August. lSi5. ^Vhen about twelve years of an:e he came with his y)areiit8 

to "Missouri, in tiie fall of.lSiiT. His father, Robert Estes, was by birth a Vir- 

o-inian, foino- 1<» Kentucky in an early dav, wdiere he was married to Elizal)eth 

Grifiith, the daiu^diter of Abel Griliith. Pi-evious to this he had served as a 

soldier in the War of 1 SI 2. llobert Estes came to Missouri and settled in the 

timber on the waters of Little Cahunet Creek near where the Burksin Church 

now stands; there he improved a farm, on which he continued to reside until 

his death. Tlie mother died, December 2(>, 1 ST7. The old couple raisLd a tain- \ 

ily of eleven children, vrho lived to be men and women p-rown, six boys and | 

live o-irls, nine of whom still survive. Abel G., our subi'ect, was reared from | 

boyhood on a farm, and had a common school education. When grown to t 

manhood he brgau his career as a farmer, v.hich has been his principal ] 

business for life. When a young man he spent a short time working in the | 

cooper shops. Mr. Estes has been twice married, first to Elizabeth Stadley, j 

a native of Tike county, Missouri, and daughter of John Stadley, Esq.; she j 

died in July, ISGo, leaving five children: Thomas J., Mary A , Hobert M. j 

and Olive A., twins, and Armilda E. J. Mr. Estes married i'or his second wife, j 

in ISGO; Mrs. Eunis Mulberry, a native of Kentucky. She had one daughter j 

by her first husband; viz., Judith E., now^ Mrs. Henry Stuke. Mr. E.'s | 

farm contains a lande<l estate of 270 acres of well in^proved land. He has a | 

fine t\^-o-ttory brick house erected in the year 1867. Mr. ami Mrs. Estes are j 

members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

William A. Fo)'^!!,'ey, post-office, Kissenger; farmer and stock-raic-er. i 

The subject of our skerch. is the oldest son of Andrew and Mary A. Eorgey, | 

whose sketch appears on another page. Our subject was born in Bike | 
county, Missouri, October 3, ls24:, living with his parents until he reached | 

the age of manhood. His father was engaged in the mercantile business, j 
consequently the management of the large tarm which his father owned j 

devolved on our suhject. He was married November 14, 1S44, to Miss j 
Kancy, daughter of Hendley and Kate B. Kissinger, early settlers of Pike 
county. In 1845 our subject moved on his present farm. It contained at 
that time 315 acres of unimproved land, to which he has added from time 
to time until he has a line farm of over ooO acres of iniproved land under a 

'.y 111 i ; .1 


high state of cultivation. Tiicy are the jvirciits thirteci! cliiMren, of whoui 
ten still sur\ive, teven sons and tliie(! d;iu_i;liiei's: Andrew J., j>ettie. John 
1'-., riondley, Eninia, James W., Sanmel A., Katie r>., 'J'hcunas J., and Nini- 
niie. Mr. Forgey has been an ardent nicinber of the M. E. Church for 
niajiy years. 

James A, Goodinail is r. native of Pii^e county, and wa>5 born May oO, 
1851. He ']'■ the second son of V\'iiliain A. and Mary K. Goodman. Wil- 
liam A. Goodman was born in Albennuie connty,, Yir<;inia. He came to 
JMissoiiri in about the year IS — . He first settled in Pike county, on the 

lands now the faruis of J. M. (xoodman, McOune vfc Goodman, G. IFogue, and ; 

E. r>. Smith. His landed e.-iate consisted of 420 acres. He continued to -j 

reside here until his death, wln'cl) occui'red in March, 1S5S. The mother of ;j 

our subject was Z\Iiss I\laiy E. Johnst(jn, and was froni the same stare and i 

county as hei- hnslyand. She i-aised a faiiiily of four children; viz., William | 

J>., dailies A., Eicliard H., and Martha x\. James A., our sulnect, was i 

reared and educated on a farm, lie has devoted most of his time to agri- 1 

cultural jjursuits. Ilis farm contains 2G0 acres, most of which is well irn- ^ 

]<roved. His residence is a large two-stoi-y brick. He was n^arried in Feb- -'I 

ruary, 1ST3, to Eugenie C. Grifhth, daughter of Noah Griffith. She is a -i 

native of this county. Bv thi^ union they have three children living; • 

Mary E., Katie E., and Koy Augustus. James A, was appointed deputy ^ 

sheriff of I'ike county. Mr. and Mrs. Goodman are members of the Dover • 

Baptist Church. i| 

Jasiics E. Griffith, farmer and breeder of Short-Horn cattle and Berk- j 

shire hogs. His farm contains 24:2 acres, SO acres of which is improved. 1, 

Mr. Griffith is a native of Pike county, born on the 10th day of January, 'l 

1844. His fatlier, Noah Gritinh, was a native of Bou'-bon county. Ken- ■ 

tucky, and immigrated to AHssouri in the tail of 1S2T. He came here with 
his mother and a sister. He purchased SO acres of land, which was at that ' 

time a dense forest, and couimenced to open out a farm, and where he con- 
tinued to reside until his death, which occurred October 10, 1S63. Tlie ■ 
mother of James E. was Miss Emily Inglis, a native of Bourbon county 
Kentucky. They raided a family of four children, one boy and three girls, 
all of whom are livijig. The elder sister is in Colorado, at Colorado Springs. 
The mother is stiil liviiig in Louisiana, and is married to Dr. G. S. lilralley. 
Onr subject was bi)rn and raised on the old homestead, now owned by Jus. 
Goodman. Mr. G. received most of his education at the common schools. 
He attended one session at Central College. He commenced life as a farmer 
and stock-raiser, whicli has been his business for life. He has now on his 


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farm some twenty Sliort-llorns and thoroui;h-bre<.ls. His hogs are Berk- 
shire and thoroiigh-breds. lie was married on the 10th of November, lSr>7, 
to Mi.s^^ K;itc Eid.son, daughter ol' jl. 11. and Providence Kid.>on, who were 
orif^inally I'rom Kentucky, CDmini^ to Missouri in an early day. They have 
three children, one girl and two boys: Cora E., Xoali 11., and Edwin 
Ilnrty. Mr. and J\Jrs. G. are members of the Dover Ba])tist Church, of 
Nshich ]je is clerk. 

Xinirod Guy, post-otlicc PaynesviUc, farmer and stock-raiser, wa.s born 
in Jessamine county, Kentucky, February 5, 1S17; is a son of Robert nnd 
Elizabeth Guy. When he was an infant liis parents immigrated to Pike 
county, where he was reared and educated, living with his parents until he 
grew to maiihood. In 1S35 he went to tlje iead mines of Wisconsin whore 
he remained two seasons, and by hard wo.'-k and strict ec<.)nomy lie saved 
^300, which WHS the starting point of his large accumulations. After re- 
turninii; home, he with liis elder bi-othcr entered eighty acres oi' government 
land. He afterwards purchased his brothers interest, on which place he 
has since mode Ids home. He was iirst married, April 2, 1846, to Mrs. 
Elizabetii i'helps, a native uf ^[ay county, Virginia. By this union were 
three children, of whom one still survives, Mrs. Anna B. Furgey, the wife 
of Andrew J. Forgey, a prominent tanner of Calumet township and a resi- 
dent of Paynesville. His wife died March 10, 1S76. He was again mar- 
ried, March 20, ISTT, to Mrs. Kussie Thurman, a daughter of Jose[»h and 
Rachel Erritt, who was a prominent preaclier of the Chi'istian Church at 
Paynesville for thirty-two years. Mrs. Guy has two children by her former 
marriage: Polly and John E. Thurman. Mr. Guy has a farm of over 700 
acres of improved land under a high state of cultivation. He and his wife 
are members of the Christian Church. 

D. G. Hintoil, farmer and commission merchant, Ann xda, was born in 
Pike county, July 1-i, 1S32, and was here reared and educated. When about 
eighteen \ears of aije he wtut to Lincoln county, Missouri, where he re- 
mained until 1857, when lie returned to Pike county. The most ot his lite 
has been spent in the avocation of farming and stock-dealing, having 340 
acres of good land well adapted to the growing of stock and grain. In 1"^S1 
he, with J. II. Palcen, built a large warehouse at Annada, where he deals 
extensively in grain and stock. He was married February 16, 1855, to 
Miss Deborah A. Estes, of Lincoln county. By this union eleven chil- 
dren have been born, two of whom still survive, Jennie and Dealy A. He 
and his wife are members of the Christian Church, 


7. MM.. 

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Sainucl 1j. Jaco1>y(dc(?eased\ was a farmer, post-office Clarkpville; was a 
rntivc of Keiitack}', born in ISll, in Bourbon county; lie came to Mis.-oui'i a young i\)an, in 1S"20; lie Avas^ married in IS.'-,? to Miss Anna E. 
(iivens, daughter of Mattiiew Givens. Esq., an early settler of Pike county. 
J\j.r, Jacoby, after niarria>;e, began lo iitiprove Jiis farm, which had been en- 
tei-ed by liis imcle, Jacob Jacoby, who was a resident of Kentucky; he liad 
been a farmer all his life. They raised a family of three children: Mary 
E. (now Mr?. Jackson\ Sophronia Jeans, and Samuel D., who i?; the young- 
est, and is making his home \\itli his mother ou the old home.-tead, wliich 
contains over three Inindred acres. The residence is a large one-story 
brick, with good out-buildings. JNlr. Jacoby was one of tlie substantial men 
of the neighborhood. Tie came jiere 'with his mother, she being a widow. 
He resided on the same farm- until his death, which occurred in 1S73. His 
mother made her liome with him until slie died, at the age of 88. years, in 
ISOC. Mr. Jacobs was a nicmber of the ]\iat-onic fraterniiy, and of the 
Christian Church. }>lrs. Jacol)y, who survives lier husband, is a member 
of the same churcli, and is a native of Kentucky, born on December 17, 

Potcr Jneg;'e7', farmer, Clarks\ille, is a i\ative of Prussia, and was born 
or. the Rhine, near Cologne, on ]^ovembcr 8, 1S3'2. He was reared and edu- 
cated in his native country. In 1S55 he conic to the United States, laiiding 
at Xew Orleans; tlierice to St. Louis, where he stopper! for two years; thence 
to Clarksville in the fall of 1S57. Securing a position with E. W. Haywood, 
he was foreman in the co<">per sho}), which position he held for a period vf 
about twelve years. In January, lS7f>, he moved to his ])resent home, v\hich 
consistsof 267 acres, most of which is in cultivatic-n. He has a neat and 
substantial residence, situated uiton a high' and most beautiful site, over- 
looking tlie banks of the Mitsissip]>i Kiver. ^Ir. Jaeger was married in 
1859 to Miss Helen Manns. wShe is a native of Germany. Th.ey have tl:rcO 
boys, Peter E., Charley, and John A. Mr. Jaeger is one of tlie successful 
Btock dealers of Calumet townsltip. 

Benjamin F.Jeans, larmer and stock-raiser, post-office Paynesville; 
was born in ]\I<)iitgomery county. Jventucky, on the 23d d.ay of ^fay, IS 10. 
He immigrated to Pike county, Missouri, in the full ot 1S2S, settling Oii tlie 
place where lie now resides, and has always followed the avocation of a 
farmer. The subject of this sketch was first niarried in Kentucky (return- 
ing there for that ].urpofe) on the Hth day of July, 1S31, to Miss Amaiuja 
McDannold, sister of the late Judge Newt(;n McDanruJd. Fiom this union 
v.-ere born twelve children, of wliom ten still survive. Mr. Jeans, having 


!j .to 

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612 msTouv uF riKE county. 

lost his lirst wile, was a^^ain married on the 2d day of June, 1S5S, 
to Mrs. Mildred A. Anderson, oriirinally from Frederici^sbnrg, Yir<rinia. 
They have but one child, a daughter, Mildred Emma. Mr. Jeans ha.^ been 
a consistent member of the Christian Church for a period of lifty years, and 
has lent all his intiuence to the advancement of morality and the of 
Christianity. J wife is, with him, a member of the same reli*j;ious organ- 
ization. Mr. Jeans refers with j)leasni'e to the fact that he has to his kr<<'wl- 
edge no single eneni}-, but lives in ]icace with all men. The venerable 
mother uf the subject of onr sketch was born in I'airfax county, Virginia, in 
1772, and died in Pike county, Missouri, in ISoi. Mr. Jeans refers v.-ith 
recollections of pleasure to his early years in liis adopted state, and speaks 
with tenderness of the associates of the long ago, with whom so many of 
the better years of his early manhood wei-e spent, but wlio have now fallen 
by the wayside. Mr. J., although seventy-three years of age, retains much 
of his physical vigor, while his mental faculties appear unimpaired. 

William Jeans, farmer, post-oflice Ciarksville, is a native of Pike county, 
born on January 7, ISiO. His father, Benjamin P., was born in Clark 
county, Kentucky, in the year ISll; immigrated to Missouri in 1S28, and 
settled near Paynesville on a farm, where he now resides. He married 
Amanda McDannold before coming to Missouri. They raised a family of 
eleven children, nine of whom are still living. The mother died in 1856; 
the father is still living. Mr. Jeans, our subject, v/as reared on a farni, re- 
ceiving a common school education, but afterwards attended the comuier- 
cial college at St. Louis, and soon after engaged in mercantile business, 
which he follov»'e<l for live years, and then turned his attention to farming, 
whicli is his present occupation. His farm contains one hundred and 
eighty-six acres of choice land, most of which is in a high state of cultiva- 
tion. Tiie soil is a deep limestone loam, and adapted to the growir.g of 
wheat, corn, and grass. His residence is a large, line, two-story frame, well 
finished and furnished, situated on the gravel road. He is engaged in 
raising a high grade of cattle and hogs. He was niarried November 15, 
1870, to Miss Sophronia Jacoby, daughter of Samuel 13. and Anna K. Ja- 
coby. Mr. and Mrs. Jeans are both prvDiineut members of the Christian 

Jjiiiies C. Jemison, farmer and stock-raiser, post-ottice. Paynesville; 
was born in North Carolina, in Mecklinburg county, on the 9th day 
of February, 1S07. He removed to Pike county, Missouri, in the month of 
October, 1S27, and settled near the place where he now lives. He has 
always followed the avocation of a farmer, and, from a squatter in 1S27 he 

ri ..J. 

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! or ' . 

lifis grown into a land-holder, owning 400 acres of excellent laiid in one 
tra'''t, and at another place forty acres, at no ^Teat distance- from liis liome. 
Mr. Jcinison has 1)een a consibtont nicinher of the ISL JC. Church for over, 
lorty years, and in the early days, when preachers rode tlie circuit, when 
churches were scare;.-, services were frequently held at his liouse. The sub- 
ject of our sketch has been four times married. First, April. 1832, to Mary 
Jamison, by whom he had five children of wliom still survives a son. His 
wife died March, 1S54-. He was Vioxt married in February, 1855, to Mary 
E. Sherwood, who lived less than six weeks; in October, 1S57, to Mary A. 
Kichards, and from this nnion three children were bora, two of whom still 
survive, Mrs. Chappel "White and ]\rissAnna. His wife died on the 25th day 
of December, 1S6C. juid he ^vas married last to 'M-?:Vy F. Smith, A]>ri!, 186S, 
with whom he lives contentedly and hap])ily. 

Isaac 31. Junip, post office, Louisiana, a farmer of Calumet township, 

is a native of Kentucky, and was born in JBourbon county, June 15, 1825. 

He is the son of John and Jane (n>t€ Moore) Junij*, with whom he came to j 

Missouri in 1844. They settled first on what is known as the Walkerville j 

place, where th.ey remained until 1871 , when they removed to the Jump home- i 

stead, where our subiect now lives. He was raised and educated in his na- I 

.... .J 

tive county until comij]g to Missouri, and after his airival here he reniained ^ 

with his parents until they became impaired by age, when they in turn lived ; 

with him until their demise— his father in ISSO, and his mother in 1858. ] 

He was married to Miss Susannah Stark, daughter of the late Judge Stark, j 

of Calumet tovrnship, in 1854, by wliora he has four ehildi'en: James M., ;; 

of Louisiana; Emma J., John AV., and Mary Y. The farm on which he re- \ 

sides contains over 200 acres, and is located on the gravel road, about equal 
distance from Loui-iarja and Clarksville. His residence and out-buildings 
are in keeping with modern architecture, displaying thrift, taste, and com- 
fort; besides which ho has otiier farms, in all containing some 415 acres. 
He is extensively engaged in stock-raising, and ranks among the first stock- 
raisers in the county. 

James n. Kissiiiger. Mr. Kissinger is a native of Pike county: he 
was bom in Caiumet tuwnsliip, and on tlie farm upon which he at this time 
resides, on the 29th day of March, 1840. He is the sun of Kendley and 
Catherine B. Kissenger, both of whoin were natives of Lincoln county, Ken- 
tucky, and came to Missouri in the fall of iSoO.^ His father was born June 
15, 1795, and die<l February J, IS 74. He was a man of great ]jhytical 
strength and ])OV.-ers of endurarice, and also was possessed of much mental 
vigor and remarkable judgment. Thruiigh his energy and foresight niuch 

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■ n '>' ' 



of the large iortune which hie cluklron iiuw enjoy was accuiiiiiluted. The 
mother of Jamoi.- IJ. was born Dcccmbi.'r 13, IT'J^, ami died May 10, ISTl. She 
w:\s a woman of S|)len(lid ijualities uf botli mind and heart, and by lier 
eitergy and jfru.dent suggestions contributed no littlt.: to the success of her 
liusband. The subject of our sketch was reared u])oii the farm and lias, 
since, devoted much o( his attention to agricultural pursuits, 
though lie is much better knoN\n, Ijoth at home and abroad, as a breeder of 
tShort-Ilorns and otlur kinds of superior stock, than as a iarmer. Indeed, 
so extensively has he been engaged in breeding and dealing in thorough- 
breds, and so enceessfully has he conducted the business, that for years he 
has been everywhere recoijnized as one of the Short-Horn kinfrs of the 
west. Within a limit of twelve years, from 1867 to 1S79, tlie herds of J. 
H. Kissinger, J. 11. Kissinger A: Co., and Pritchct't S: Kissinger, snatched 
from the best stock of the Union ])remiums to the amount of mure than 
forty thousand dollars. Besides being a breeder of line stock, I^Ir. Kissinger 
has also been an importer, having at different times bi'ought over from 
Europe a considerable number of Short-IIorns of fancy colors and the 
finest ^-!:rains. Tie ha^ also imported liorses. sheep, and hogs; and the Clydes- 
dales bred frori\ his stables are still to i)e found in the township and the 
county. While he continues to breed and sell the Shropshire, South-Down, 
and Cotswold sheep, and hogs of pure blood and enormous size. But while 
Lis ov.'n stock has been im})roved by his im]iortations, some part of the 
lieavy investments made in this direction has been returned to him from the 
exportation to England of some of the best stock from bis own herd, cattle 
whose ])Opnlar strains and splendid size made them desirable to the best 
breeders of the early home of the Shurt-Horn or tlie Durham. Mr. Kissin- 
ger resides about five miles southeast of Clarksville, upton one of the most 
sightly and valua!)le farms in the county. He has about five hundred and 
fifty acres of his farm nicely set in blue-grass, whose rich and luxuriant 
growtli Contributes alike to tlie value and IVeanty of the ]>lace. Upon the 
eastern border of the farm is a depot on the St. ly»uis, Keokuk & North- 
western Railroad, built by himself and called after liim, Kissinger, from 
"which both his stock and produce are shi])ped, and where great quantities 
of the daintiest food for his sj^lendid stock is received. His house, a 
palatial residence, stands near the ci;nter of the farm upon a beautiful emi- 
nence, from which most of the rich and undulating lands of Linwood, the 
name of his farm, can be seen. ^Lr. Kissinger owns an one-fourth interest 
in the large manufacturing establishment iti Claiksvilie, known as the 
Major t^ ^fnckey Toba.cco Compaisy, and a like interest in the livery stable 

.,-i"i 'lii 


of tlio satno town. lie was muiried to Miss lictt.ic Stewart, the daaghtcr of 

I General David Stewart of ]^iiico]n county, on Koveinlier C, 1859. They 

[ ha^H' f'ur chiklrt-n, all daughter.-; viz., ^Ir.-?. ^"auMiij M. McDoel, 2\Iattie C, 

[ Kellie S., Ku.-.sie E. Kis8iiiL;er. To the tlioruiigh an.i careful education of 

I these, l)oth Mr. and Mrs. Ivis.singer have devoted much care and attention. 

f ]Mr. Kiseinirer has been i\ confi.stont member of the Christian Church since 

i 185'*, having been received into its communion v.-]ien he \s'as but a little 

i more thai) ten years of age. J lis wife and s >nie of his children are also 

[ members of the sanje religious organization. This gentleman has done 

I much for Pike county, and her citizens very cheerfully acknowledge and 1 

i very highly a})preciHLe his services. Should his life be spared and his health i 

[ continue as vigorous as nov.-, other \alualde contributions to the raatcrrial 1 

I v.ealth and prosperity of the county may be safely contemplated as the re- j 

i Fult of his energy and enterprise. Not to mention Mr. and Mrs. Kissiu- I 

I ger's lios})itality would [io to umiL one of the distinguisliing virtues of their ! 

[ happy home. They delight to have their friends ^Yith them, whom they li-eat 1 

I right royally, while even the tnaup or the beggar is not turned away emptv I 

I lianded from th-'; doors of Linwood. ? 

\ James S. Lewis, post-oflice, Paynesvilie; was born in Pike countv, July j 

4, 1851, and was reared on a farm and educated in the common schools. 1 

I He was married November 12, 187o, to Miss Mary A. Estes, of Pike countv, ] 

I Missouri, and the next spring he moved on to his present farm, which con- < 

I tains sixty-two acres of improved land, under a high state of cultivation. 1 
They are the paretvts of three children: Charles IJ.. IJariy C, and Benja- 
min F. lie and his wife are members of the Christian (,'hurch. • j 

Francis Mai^ion 3Iackey, post-office Clarksville, is a farmer by occupa- j 

iion. Re is a nt.tive of Pike county, born Ai)ril 13, 1S35. Jlis father, .1 

Thomas J. Mackey, was a native of South Carolina, who came to Missouri j 

v/hen about five years of age, in 1S14.. F. M. v/as reared on a farm and edu- a i 
cated at the subscription sdiools of the time. AVhen grown he engai^ed in 
farming and stock-raising, which ha.s been the principal business of his life. 
His farm at present consists of four hundred and eighteen acres, most of 
which is under cultivation; the soil being a dark, limestone loam, is well I 

adapted to the giowing of grain, being tiie }>!incipal crop. Our sub- 
ject was married lirst to Lucinda McLoed. daughter of James Jj. McLoed, 
one of the eariy settlers in this part of the county. She died May 6, 1875, 
leaving four suns: Lemuel P\, Jan^es C, Henry T., and Irvin J. Mr. Mackey 
married for his second wife Miss Jane Mcliroy. February 13. 1877; she 
i died August 1, 1877. He was married to his present wife Sej>tember 21. 

r. ; -;.• 



ISC-.- sho wn.s Mi.. Belle Glov„-, cUu.slUc-of Mr. .f „n. < i lover who i. makin,- 

eHK.,ne with M. M-aeUcy, M-. MaeUe, is a ,„c,n..e.. ol ^.c -.,. ,e a,> 
rro.ln-tevia„ Ciuu-eh, and Mrs. Macl.ev .s a B.en.ber .4 t„e Cl,.,s..a,> 

^"jolm Tllomns 3racl«.V., po.t-offico Clnlcsville ow,,s five hun- 
d;e.lLe. of <h.i..e la,..., all,- iencc, a.ul t,„.eo ,,.„,.-.,... a.. v a,^. 

of it is ,„>.].-•.■ cl.ivation. ills r:.n„ is well „„,nove.-l, l.av,,,.; all the u c s- 
L l,.>il.-lin..s to .nahc f„v.o life pleasant a„.l ,.rospe,-ous, a fno two 
; V -esLJenoe, well iinished a„d tuvnisl.e.i. Mf. Maeke.v ,s a o 
P U conntv, l..:..n 10, 1833, being the el.le.t son o, ^ ;'->; -^f 
Sarah Mackev. lie was raised on tUthe.'s fa.n,, ro,n,.,n ...- wnh 1 ,s 
p ,; until'. wcntyone yean of age, when he .et ont tor ...nselt. II.s 
^«:s: .nrehase was an ax, wi,i> whieh he eon,.nenc,.l to tell the t.ntber an 
„,ak , hie fat.,re farm on the land given hi.n „v bus lather M. .La 
,.an of -reat energy ar.d has snoc-eded well ,n tl,.- ot htc, ba ...^ 
r one^of the ii.;. f.r.ns in Pike count,, "c was .narr.oo to .hss E ., 
both Brown, daughter of Pa.sonB,ow„E.p ^l- - •■ ,^S,J Ic 

i„. five childre-., ..« of -.vhon, a.-e n.ow hving: ba■■.^. ).. uar K- A^'^ 1- ■- 
I'rrson C, and John Tueker. She was a n.e.nher ot the Cumberland I rc» 
byte iao Church at the thne of her death. Mr. Maekey -as .narru-d aga.n 
i, tsSl t., Mrs. Do.. McElroy, daaghter ...f Haydcn Kidson^ S e nas three 
Is -by hertirst husband, W., llayden, a,.d Kufus L. Mr. ..c ey 
L nre.nber of Corinth C. P. Church, and M... M. is a tnen.ber ot the llo- 
ver Baptist Cburcb.. 

Sautttol F. Mackey, far,ncr,.post.omce C.arksvil.e, ■■»»;■-;-" ^^'^^ 
eon,.tv, Missouri, born on the old hontostead July 1o, i^.X l''»'»- J' 
M ck • .be father of our ...bjeet, was a native of So.,th C,a,-o hna 1 rn 

S: ;:tn:;^::;:^;L:tate about the ;ar.Sl.a„dco,,tiun^ 

t::nl ISU. our su,ect was bo™ and .dsed on .. « -esfead.^on 
arriving at his tnajority he took e ha.-ge "[^'^^^-^..^^^^^.Uro., 
mother to live with him. Mr. Mackoy was n.a: . ted V. i....» 


T '' ;i'r / h 
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daughter of Thoiiiiis T, Mcliroy, in iSGG; they have tour childroii livin<^': 
Maggie L., Sarah Gus-ie, Lulu J., mir] the babe, Al!ic Maude. Mr. find 
]Mr.s. M. are nieinbi.Ts of the C. P. Church. Mr. .M. is an entlHii?iastie 
stock-raiser, and has manj fine horses, cattle, and .sheep. His honicstead 
consists of two hundred and forty-tlirue acres of good land, all in cultivation, 
besides other land to thr. .•ujiount of two hundred and fifty acres. 

A\'illiam W. jlack«^y, farmer, post-otlice Clark^vilie. Jl is landed cstaie 
consists of two hundred and twenty-nine acres of good land, most of which \ 

is in a higli state of cultivation; his house is a lai-ge, coinibrtable, two- | 

story, frame building, built by himself, and is surrounded by all the 1 

out-buildings and (.itiier appliances necessary on a first class farm. Mr. \ 

Mackey was born in J'ike county, Missouri, ]\ray L':^, "iSoT; he is the fourth j 

of five bruihers; was reared on the farm, and educated in tlie schools of the \ 

neighborhood. On arriving at man's estate be began his career as a farmer, j 

v.'hich has in-en his princij-al business throngli life. Jle gives es]ieci;d at- J 

tention to the raising of ^vlieat. He married r\.rart]ia A. Scott, a native of ■ j 
Illinois, and daughter of John M. Scott. They have tjjrec children living: j 

Lillie J.. Earnest A., aid A'ircril "\V. jM.r. and Mrs. M. are both members ' 

of the Baptist Chuich at Dover. Miss Lillie is a member of the same ] 

church at Lagrange, v\"bere slie is attending school. Mr. ]\r. is a clear- | 

headed man, shrewd in his l)usincss, fair in his dealings, a good neighbor, ; 


always kind and hospitable. l 

Jolin Siei)]u'l)SOn ^IcConilf II, farmer, ])Ost-otiice Clarksville, is a native j 

of Pike count\, Missouri, born October 4, 1S22, near Louisiana, Pobert 1 

McConnell, the father of John, was bi)rn in Fayette county, Kentucky, in j 

September, 1T05, and immigrated to ]\Iissouri with his fatlier in 1800, settling j 

in the tov.-n of St. Charles, and came to Buffalo township in this county in 1S07. .•■ 

When the war broke out in 1S12, they with others moved itito P'ort Putralo. ^ 

Kobert McConnell was married in. 1820, to Jane \'. Turner, daughter of j 

John Turner, one of the pioneers of that time. Robert McConnell continued " 

to reside in Pike county, Missouri, after he had grown to manhood, until i 

181:9, when ho retno\'ed to Pike county, Illinois, and thence to Calhoun ] 

countv, where h.e lived until his death. Capt. William A[cConnell, the i 

" . I 

grandfather of John S., built the first grist mill in Pike county, IMissouri. i 

Our subject was raised on a farm, and received a good comnion school edu- j 

cation. He was u]arried in 1S4-) to Miss Mary Ann Sidwell, daughter of | 

John Sidwell. They have four children living, three boys and one girl. \ 

lie has a fine farm of iGO acres where he lives, and eighty acres in Calhoun | 

connty, Illinois, He is a member of the Masonic Onlor, and also a worthy ■ 

39 " [ 

, 1 




atid exenipl'iry iueinl)cr of the Ciiristiun Church; a man much respected by 
his neighbors. 

TliointiS J. ^IcDaniiold, fai-mer, ])ost-olhco Clarkoville This gentleman 
is a native of Pike county, Missouri, born March 0, 1S3I). His father, 
Newton McDannold, was a native of Kentucky, born in 1S07, and iiumi- 
graLed to Missouri in 1S34-, first settllni^' on what is known as j.ittle Ramsey 
Creek, stopj)ing there about two years. He tlien moved to lus permanent 
residence, the old McDannohi homestead, two and a-half miles south of 
Clarksville, where he followed the avocation of a farmer, and where he raised 
a large family of four boys and four girls, wiio all grew to be men and 
women, and seven of whom are still living. The mother's mtiiden name 
was Louisa Gaines, a native of Kentucky. She died in 1847, and tlic father 
in 1881, at the ar^e of seventv-thrce. lleuben McDannold, the crrandfather 
of Thomas J., was a Kentuckian, who came to Missouri in 1834-, and set- 
tled on tlie waters of J>ittlo Ilamsey Creek, v.hore he continued to reside 
until the lime of liis death in 1848, at the age of eighty-four. Our 
subject was raised at the old homestead, and educated in the neighboring 
schools. He went to Louisiana; from there to Menipliis, where he enf>MO-ed 
in business for a time, and from there he caaie to the western part of this 
county, and moved frcmi there to his present farm in 1806. His farm con- 
tains 150 acres of choice land, with a rich limestone soil. lie has a line 
two story resideiice, situated on a high jjoint with a fine view of the splendid 
country that surrounds it. !Mr, McDannold was married, in 1861, to Susan 
J., daughter of AVilliam Smith, Esq., an old resident of Pike county. They 
have three children, two boys arid a girl: Hermon G., Mary H., and 
John W. 

WilJiam McKee. The subject of this sketch is the fifth and only son 
novr livinfj. He was born on what is known as the McKee homestead in 
the yeai' 1S19. His lather, James McKee, was a native of Ireland and was 
born in the town of Dublin in 1800. He came to America with his par- 
ents when a small boy. He sometime afterward went to Kentucky, and 
thence to the city of St. Louis, where he resided for some years, and came 
to Pike county about the year 1830 and began his career as a teacher, which 
he followed for many years. In 1832 he was united in marringe to Miss 
Elizabeth Mulherin, daughter of John !Mulhcrin, one of the early setfleisof 
this part of the county. Ibis couj'le reared a family of nine children, eight 
of whom are dead. Mr. James McKee died, after having accumulated a 
considerable amount of projterty, in 1861, the mother preceding in 1854. 
H. McKee died August 25, 1878. His widow, who was Miss Y. S., daugh- 



ter of Thomas Morritt, Esq., wlio came to Missouri in 1S?>ir, is now liviiio-on 
tlie old h«5niestea(i. The two t'arius now left to the chihiren arc at present 
beiniT carried on bv our subject, AVilliani McKee, who is a successful aori- 
cn'.turist. • » 

Tliomas F. ]\[cllroj\ This gentletnan is a native of Fayette county, 
Kentucky, wiiere he was born on tlie 13th day of July, 1820. In. June, 
1831, when about eleven years of age, he removed .with his parents to Mis- 
souri, and settled in the timber lands near JH)wlin£^ Green, where he assisted 
his father in clearln;r away the forests, and opening up a farm. The old 
and early homestead built of logs is standing to-day, and presents a con- 
trast indeed with the present residence and home surroundings of the sub- 
ject of our sketch. ]^Ir. ]Mcr!r.)y is of Irish extraction, his parents having 
removed from the northern part of Ireland to the United States about the 
year 1819. His fither, Daniel :McIlroy, first landed at Buflalo, Xew York, 
and subsequently found his way to Kentucky. The mother of Thomas Mc- I 

Ilrov was Jane Wiselv. wh.> emigrated to this cuuntry with her husband. i 

and who survived his death a number of years. The parents of our subject .] 

raised a family of seven children, three boys and four girls, four of wliom J 

still survive. Thomas Mcllroy was reared on a iarm, had few facilities for A 

acquiring an education, but from thoroughly studious habits and close read- ; 

ing, together with a careful observation of tlie ways of the world, he grow ] 

early into the hai)it of correct thought, and is to-day a strong and ready 
reasoner. His fatlitr having died when our subject was quite young he re- i 

mained at the homestead and cared for his mother until he had attained the 1 

age of twenty-five years, when he was united in marriage to Letitia Henry, i 

daughter of Alexander Henry, on November IS, 1845, and then "set out" ] 

for himself to carve his own fortune in the world. Pie at this time moved I 

upon the farm upon which he now resides, and has all his life assidiuusly i 

arid successfully followed the avc>cation of farming. Mr. iMcllroy was four j 

times married. His second wife was Lucretia Heniy, daughter of Josiah j 

Henry, and survived their union less than one year. He was again married i 

a few years thereafter to Jane Martin, daughter of Judge James Martin, of ■ 

Peno towusliip, '*vith whom he lived f^r the ])criod of about one year, and i 

some time after lier death he was united to his present wife, ^Maggie J. j 

Stark, daughter of John W. Stark, of Calumet. Both Mr. Mcllroy and his \ 

estimable wife are consistent members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
(3hurch, and are attentive to the discharge of the duties imposed by tlie re- 
lations they sustain. 

U. i ■ 

'I .^M..-,[„ . -(..f. 

:.»-:ir^:: . ■; 

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:»t ,^ 


JaiJies S. McLood, fanner, post-office Clarksvillc, war. born in Bourbmi 
couiity, Iventucky, on tlie Sth day of Decoinber, 1811. When j\i)ont nine 
years of a^o be ciune to ]*v[issou)i witb. liis father, in 1S20. His lather, 
"\Vm. i\ucI.oc'J, was boin May 23, ITSO; was married in Bourbon county, 
Kentucky, to Mary Stark, uangliter of Janiea Stark. Tl^e}- reared a family 
of nine ciiiidren, who lived to be men and women i^n-own, three boys and 
six girls, seven of whom still survive. Iliis aged couple lived togetlier 
nearly si.xty-three years. Tiie motlier died in lb>73; the fathor in 1S76. 
James S., our subject, was raised on his father's farm and is still living 
within half a mile of where he first st6i'i)cd in the woods, lie has worked 
at the carj'ienter's trade for many yeai'S. lie has had one daughter, Fanny 
Isabelle. ^Jr. ]McLoed joined the Baptist Clmreli over liffy years ago, and 
is the only remaining original member of tliat organization. His first wife 
was a member of the same chnrch. Mr. McLoed has been justice of tlie 
peace some fifteen month?, being appointed to serve out an unexpired term 
by the resignation of Wm. Boggess. In l.SlrG he was elected clerk, and 
again in 1S50; he served in all some nine years. . ^ 

Joliu ]\lcLo«j(], a f\irmer of Calumet toNvnship was born on a farm near 
Clarksville, June 2-1, lS3o; he is a eon of James S. and Sallie (Kelley) 'Mc- 
Locd, old pioneers of Bike county, who came fiom Iventucky in 1820. Tliey 
settled in Calumet tov\'nship, whei'e the subject of this sketch was born and 
raised. He lived v/itb his parents until becoming of age; he being raised a 
farmer, chose that pursuit for life. Inuring the late war he was a Union 
man and served as fourth sergeant for several months in a company of jlis- 
sonri State ]Militia. Xovember IT, 1S64, he married Nancy Jane Scott of 
Illinois, who died in Calumet township, November 23, 1ST3. By her 
he had three children, Lucinda A., James S. and Sallie L. He was married 
a second time to Airs. Mary Louisa Scott, April 26, 1877. He is a member 
of the Dover Baptist Chnrch and his wife of the Corinth Bresbytei'ian 
Chnrch, In 1876 lie, with Joseph W. Macke^', made a business trip to 
Natchez and New Orleans taking to those markets horses and large mules. 

William Doug'las ^lajor is a native' of Virginia, born near Linchburg, 
Bedford county. May 12, 1S3S. His father, James Major, was a native of 
the same state, born in 1S09, a farmer by profession, lie immigrated to 
Missouri in 1851, and settled near Clarksville, vrhere he lived until he died 
October 19, 18S1. The mother of our subject was a native of Virginia; her | 
maiden name was Mildred A. Augden; she died in January, 1864. William 
D., cur subject, was reared and educated in this county at the Watson Setni- 
nary, and at the college at Palmyra. In 1868 he euLraged in the manufac- 

•r i'l 

) r. ♦, 

■i.' Ml il 

i.f. ■/■ ' 



lure of tobacco with "X. "\Y. Oi^dcn, under the linn and style of IMajor & 
Ogden. Mr. lh\']K>v was married April 26, ISGi, to Miss Kate Wilson, 
da'.ightcr of Mr. Wilson, of Memphis, Tennessee. They luive four children : 
Annie I\I., Harry d., Nellie M., and Charley M. Mr. Majm- is a prominent 
member of the Knights of Honor and W, C Lodge No. 27. lie is also 
a member of the J>aptist Church. 

Perry Meloai), farmer and stock-raiser, was born in Montgomery county, 
Kentucky, October 7, 1820. When he was nine years of age he came 
with his i)arents to Pike county, Missouri, where he was reared and edu- 
cated, living with his parents until he readied his majority, when he went 
to Wisconsin, where he remained for three years, then lie returned to IMke 
county, and remained until 1S50, M'hen he went to Californi;., enticed by tlje 
glitter of gold. He remained tliere with good success for about a year and 
a half, when he again returnud ti« Pike county and engaged in the mercan- 
tile business, in])any with hi> brother Joseph., at Paynesville, which oc- 
cupation he followed for a period of tlirec years, when he sold out and pur- 
chased his present farm, which contains IGO acres of improved land. Ho .. \ 
was married Xovember 9, 1843, to Elizabeth J. Patton, a dauirhter of i 

Thomas D. and Julia Patton. They are the parents of eight childi'en, all of j 

whom still survive: Mary A., John F., Julia, Sarah, Elizabelh. Carrie 0,, ] 

Pobert, and Fannie. Mr. M. and wife are members of the Christian 

Andrew Xester, farmer. This gentleman is from Germany; born in } 

Wordenbur•^ Xovember 21, J^oO. He was reared and educated in his na- i 

tive country. When about iifteen years of age he learned the blacksmith ] 

trade. He and his came to the United States in 1S51, landing in New ' 

York. He then lived in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa, coming to Missouri j 

in the year 1S5S, stopping in Clarksville, where he worked at his trade. He j 

v/as married in lS5t3 to Miss Tlieresa Kefl'er, of Muscatine, Iowa. She was 
a native of Baden. She died in May, 1857. Soon after her death ^Ir. 
Nester returned to Wordenburg on a visit. (.)n returning to Muscatine, 
Iowa, he was again married, to Elnora Knik, a native of Germany, in 1857. 
jMr. Nester, in the following June, came to Clarksville, where he worked a 
while, and' then moved lo a farm, in 1869, on which he carried on farming, 
at the same time carrying on the blacksmithing. Mr. N. is one of the 
substantial citizens of the county, and owns 183 acres of choice land, well 
adapted for growing grain of all kinds. They have tive children living: 
John W., Andrew AY., Leo, Henry, and Mary F. He is a Catholic in be- 

•^ 'r 


Willinm Norton is a native of Yir^-iiiiii, born in J.ouden count}^ Imo- 
vernber '24, Im.K). lie wunt to Iventncky, wlien a small boy, with his i.urents 
wliere he was reared and educated. His father, Alexander iNorton. itmnii-ra- 
ted to Missouri in the fall of 1830, stopping in Lincoln county one year, 
then moved to Pike county, and stopped some two years, and in the spring 
of 1833 he erected a liewed log-lionse cuntaininir two rooms and a hall; ai\d 
moved to his ])rcsent tann which was one dense forest, and which he has 
cleared up — the greater part of it himself. The farm contains 300 acres, of 
which he gave to his boys 240 acres. He now has a large tv/o- story brick resi- 
dence M'hich he built in ls<.>0-61. lie was lirst married tu ^liss ]\lart]ia 
Tinsley, daughter of Koduey Tinsley of Louisiana; she died in 1800, leav- 
ing two children; viz., William G. and Eodney A. Mr. Norton has been 
one of the enterprising farmers of this tov/nship; he has been an extensive 
dealer in mulc;^, cattle, and hogs. His farm being well adapted to the grow- 
ing of wheat, lie has dovoied much attention to this crop. He has also 
given some attention to the cultivation of tobacco. He was married 
to his present v»-ife in the yea.r 1863, who Avas a Aliss Sarah Colbert, 
a native of Virginia, and was reared in the Shcnandoali Valley; by this 
union they have two children: Arthur Lee, aiid Henry Harrison. Mr. 
and JMrs. jNorton are consistent members of the Baptist Church. 

WiDiuiil F. Og'lesby, farmer, post-oflice Clarksville, is a native of Vir- 
ginia, born in Le<iford county, August 7, 1832; there he was raised and 
educated until he was seventeen years old, Avhen he canjc to Missouri, lirst 
stopping in Warren county, wliere he remained until 1854, when he came 
to Pike county and was employed as overseer for some years, after which he 
was engaged in the manufacture of tobacco for one year, and then en2:aored 
in farmir.g. He was ?narried in 1S60 to Aliss ]Mary M. Goodman, daughter 
of Mr. S. Goodman. She died August 20, 1881, leaving eight children, four 
boys and four girls. Mr. Oglesb^' was elected sheriff of Pike county in No- 
vember, 187-1, and re-elected in 1876. His farm consists of sixty acres, 
most of which is planted v.ith choice fruit. His apple orchard is composed 
of the choicest varieties. Mr. Oglesby is a member of the Methodist Church 
South and of the Masonic fraternity. 

CiouA'Cr A. Pjittcrsoii, farmer, post-office Clarksville, is a native of Pike 
county, b'>rn on the fifth day of March, 1828. H^s father, William Y. Pat- • 
terson was ak-o a native of Missouri, born iti St. Louis county, February 14, 
1807. WilliaiQ Patterson, the grandfather of our subject was originally 
from Kentucky in about the year 18o3, and catne to Pike county in 1818, 
St. Louis b-ving at that tiuje a small French village, and settled in what is 

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now known a? the T'ows iici.irhborhoocl, wlicre tlie. tatlier of (-ur subject r-fill 
lives. The auitber of our subject whs Susan Cahiway, dan<.^hte!- of Zacha- 
riali Cabiway, of T-ineoln county, Missouri, of which county she is a native. 
Cleaver A. is the eldest son of bis father's family, lie wa6 reared and edu- 
cated in Pike county, and conirnenced business for himself when lie was 
twen.ty-two yeai-s of a^c. His lirsl venture was building a steam mill which 
he oj>eraied fur a wliile. Tn lSl>:i he married Miss Mildred A, Woods. 
dan<^bter of William Woods. They have one son, Lemuel, who is now ca- 
o:ao-ed in teacliinfr school. Since 1S72 Mr. Patterson has turned his atten- 
tion to farming:;, in the fall season he lias run a thresliing machine for a 
period of thirty-one years. He and his wife and son are all members of tlie 
Baptist Churcli. Mr. P.'s grandfather was a Revolutionary soldier, and was 
present and saw ].ord (^>rinvallis hand his sword to General Washington. 
Mr. Patterson has a fine farin of one iiundrcd and thirty-five acres of choice 
land, all under a high state of cultivation, witli a fii-.e, large two-story resi- 
dence, built in ISTS. 

ThoiiiHS D. Patton (dece;)sed), was' born in Bourbon county, Kentucky, 
October 14, 1S03, and i m us i<. 'rated to Pike county, Missouri, in the year 
1824; after residing near Ivamsey Creek for a time on a farm, he started a 
tannery near Gwyii's Creek, where he remained about two years; thea 
moved his tannery to Paynesville' tiiis being the first manufacturing enter-, 
prise in that part of the couTity. About the year 1S34 he purchased the 
farm one mile east of Paynesville which bias for many years been knowri as 
the Patton homestead, and followed assiduously the avocation of a farmer 
until the year ISGT, when he ren.ioved to the town of Paynesville, whei'e he 
continued to reside until liis death, wliich occurred on the 6th d;;y of June, 
1879. ]\Lr. Patton was united in marriage to J ulia A. Watts, daughter 
of Major John Watts, April 14, 1S25, and from this union were born thir- 
teen children, tvrelve of whom lived to be men and women, and seven of 
them still survive; viz., Klizaheth, Thomas ^V., Jatnes II., Francis W., Ben- 
jamin G., Jos A., and Julia. Thomas Patton was, as has been noticed, one 
of the early settlers of Pike county, and as a pioneer contributed very largely 
to the developujent of the material interests of his adopted home. He was 
physically, a man of groat personal strength and courage, and intellectually, 
although not pc-se^^sed of a finished or scholarly education, possessed great 
practical common gense and unusual native mental vigor. In his chosea 
avocation, that of a farmer, he was highly successful and used his accumu- 
lated wealth to the best advantage in surrounding himself and family with 
all the substaiitlal comibrts of life, and giving tc> his children the advauta- 


624^ HI^^TOUY OF I'lKK COTNTY. . ' 


ges of a good and thorough practical English education. ]>csides carinir 
for thoseof his own houseliold he was not iinmindt'ul of the wants of others, 
and his unostentatious generosity contributed to relieve the necessities of 
many. ITpright in iii.s dealings with his felluw men, eh writable to the weak- 
ness of others, genei'ous to tlie deserving pu*>r, conscientious in the discharge 
of every duty, he received, as lie deserved, the considerate respect and 
esteem of his fellow citizens. Since 1S33 Mr. Patton vvas a consistent 
member of the Christian Churcli, and conti'ilMited largely, both by his per- 
sonal influence and the generous donations of his liberal rneaiis, to the sup- 
portof Ids cliurch and the advancement of tlie Christian and n;ioral influence 
of the comtnunity of wliicli he was so a member. 

Thonia.s Washington Patton, iarmcr, post-ofiice Paynesvillc, is the el- 
der sou of Thomas I), and Julia A. Patton; was liorn in Pike county, August 
4, 1834. In his youth he received a liberal common school education; on 
reaching his majority he began farming on his own responsibility. In con- 
nection with his fanning j)ursuiis he dealt largely in live stock, in which 
business he has since been engaged. lie has a fine f^rm of 450 acres of im- 
proved land, under a high t^tate of cultivation, Vshich is admirably adapted 
to the growing of grain and stock. Mr. Patton was united in marriage on 
the 24th day of March, ISoO, to ]^.[is5 Fanny A., daughter of San^uiel Giv- 
eus, one of the fxrt-t settlers of Pike county. They are the parents of eight 
children, of v.hom five arc still living; viz., Annie A., Lizzie, Jennie, Lou. 
and Homer. Mr. Patton moved his family to Paynesvilie in ISSl, in order 
to give his children the advantage of the superior schools at that place. He 
and his wife are consistent members of the Christian Cliurch. 

3Irs. Nancy J. Pitzer, Clarksville. This lady is a native of Pike county, 
born December 23, 1821, and was the daughter of John W. Grithth, who 
was originally from Kentucky, moving to Missouri in 1S16. Her father was 
married in March, 1S18, to Ainia Mackey, daughter of Thomas J. Mackuy, 
who was of Scotch ancestry. This lady, our subject, was married in ls41 
to Alfred Pitzer, Esq.; he was a Yirgiuian by birth. Mr. P. died Septem- 
ber 2, 1879. They had two children, one deceased in infancy, and Wm. 
IL, born in August, 1842, and died Ajiril 27, 1S7S. He was a lloyal Arch 

John Rodgf'i'S (deceased), was a native of Virginia, born in Mason county, 
iu 1702. When a young man he went to IventULdvy, where he married Miss 
'May Montgomery in January, l^^f 7, and innnigratcd to Missouri in the fall of 
the same year; stoj'ped at St. Louis one year and then came to Pike county 
and purchased the farm where he continued to live until his death. During his 

ft .'• 





llfo he .ccunulHiod a lar>rc an.ount of property, in the „sc o he was 
t . b a,ul .enero,.. He .Va. a n,an of stron, will, and great dec.u.n 
c nr Ue died Oetobcr 30. 18S-2. Hi. wile died in .I--^.!^"; 

■i . T ne son. -Tohn M. Mr^ Rogers, Sr.. was n,a,ued a sc^nd tnne to 
Mr? yE. ^lood,, of ColunUna, Missouri, and by this unwn they ha on 
Sad, Wn Dece.uber 24. 1S80, when the father was j.a,» o. 

"""' , ,r ,. 1 ,.. ,io-tofico PaynesviUe, was born in Pike eouuty, on 
the old homestead, tic was v „.,,., tl,„„ in 

Lsity at Co„„nbia, Missouri. . I-^^,;;-::;- ^^ ■ ::;:ni 

TaTl lU; T have seven children, three s,.„s and fonr daughters: 

Maylv.lKnni- J'e> ^ j.„„es Thomas. .Jennie, Kaon.i, al>d Roy. 

MayE 7.abetli01iar!e5M.,Loul».,Janieo i ■ ,• „ Pi.„,.eh 

Mr' and Mrs. Rodgers are both .neu.bers ot th- Ch . h. 

n.-n-v -M.ho.der was born in Fayette county, ]vent«cky, July 2o, in.9. 

Hcuj .xho. it Schooler. They were both 

Jleistlmsono. enpun n . t r^^ there aud moved to KentnA-y 
natives ot A irginui. iUe} N\ttt u Schooler 

in ISIT. Benian,in died ' -;3<^r j;-- -;;,.f ^ ,8«. in>e to Pike county, ^^^^^^^^nL^^ in Bourbon county, 
''rr^'r''-";th'lT\"; to MUs Susanna Bosgess. By this union 

Kentucky, 11, is-, r-li-ahethT and William Henry, 

there were three children, Catharine B., Eh, abetni.,. 

he retii-pd from active business, lus ^uIt oitJ x , 

:. • 1QOQ iw^ fiHier h-vit.o- purchased it of Wihiam bigg». ^>Ar. v.. 
proved siMce 1S2S, nu fa.he h.s m p t,,,,„,i,ip, bavhi^^ tour Inm- 

;^ nnp of the euterpnsiiig t-inners ot Lalutnti lu.vusu t , - 

Zllfwhere 1^ live, -i-^'-!t•-r ^Iri"! Ill^k! 


SaL,, d;i,.hter of Samuel Sly, who came to tins cou.Uy '- ^■''- Jl:\lZ 
born in St. Charles City. Iler nrother was born >n bourbon county, Kc, 




.'. I'O 

i i ■ ; lu 

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• ' ''I 

".' ai 

62G iiiSTOKv: of pjkk couxty. 

tncky, came west in 181 S nvA is still livirjo'. Her father was a soldier in the 
War of 1812, in Shelby's Divisiuti. Mr. and i[rs. Scliooler have three 
children, a buy and two girls: Harvey W,, Susiana, and Katie E. Mr. S. 
was appointed postmaster in 187'i by President Grant; he was also elected 
register and served two years. He owns a good dwelling and bnsiness 
Louse in Carksvilje. IJIc has "n lils possession the steelyards owned by ^^elly 
Boggess, of Louden county, A'^Jrginia, once borrowed by General AVashing- 
ton to weigh some beef for a tenant: thcy^ were originally brought from 
Ireland by the ancestors of the family. 

Jairus A. Sliaw, tarmer, post-office Olarksville, is a native of Pike 
county, born June 15, 1835. Bis fatiier, William B. Shaw, was by birth a 
Virginian; he immigrated to Pike county in 1832, and settled near llock- 
ford, where he died in 1S3G. Tlie mother (Martha Webb), a native of the 
same state, died in 18f5!j, leaving two children: Janjes A , who died in 1850, 
and our subject; who was raised on the farm. Tfe has always given much at- 
tention to stock, particularly Chester White hogs. His farm contains one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of choice land, situated four miles southwest of Olarks- 
ville, finely impioved, a;>d ni'.naged after the most approved manner. He 
was married in Lincoln county, Missouri, in 1856, to Miss Sue Morris, 
daughter of R. Morris, Es(|. They have eight children: Mollie A., James 
W., Uunnii L., Margaret E., Charley M., Edward A., George H., and John 
M. Mr. Shaw is a Master Mi^son and a member of the A. O. U. W. He 
has been dej>uty assessor, sewing four years. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw are both 
members of th.o Christian Clui.rch. 

Aiisliii T. Smith, farmer, is a native of Pike county, and was born on 
the 2Sth day of September, 1854:. His father, E-obert Y. Smith, was a na- 
tive of Yii-ginia, and came to Missouri, traveling all the way on horseback, 
ari'iving in the state about the year 1828, and went to work for his uncle, 
John Smith, by the month. He was married to Miss Alary J. Smith, of 
this county. Tiiey had sin: children, all dead except Austin T., our subject. 
The father died July 25, 18—; the mother died January 4, 1874. Our sub- 
ject was reared and educated on the farm oii which he lives at present. His 
farm contains 128 acres, most of which is cultivated. It was opetjcd out by 
Robert Y. Smith, and was the first ])iece of land purchased, on which he 
spent his best days. The farm is well adapted to the culture of wheat, 
corn, ar.d g-rass. He raises stock in considerable quantities. Mr. Smith 
was married in April, 18TT, to Miss Eliza L. Stark, daughter of John W. 
Stark. She was born in Calumet township. By this union they have three 
children, two girls and one boy: Gussie L., May E., and Robert "i ., Jr. 

ij. ' I '' 1 'I 'fiv; 

^ r. .'/ 

,' t. : ! 





Jolni 11. Siliitll, farmer, posfc-oflice Cha-ksvillo. 'Vh\> <,^ciitlcinaii wus born 
in rii<e county, Missouri, January 3, ISil; his father, Co]. C. Sinilli, was 
fi. A'irgini<an by birth; iinniigrateU to Missouri in 1830, first settiiniy on a 
farm some eight miles west of Clarsksvilie, where he lived until liis death 
in July, 1S45. The mother of our subject was also a native of Virginia; 
her maiden name wj.s ]Mary J. Tinsloy. She died in 1S73. John 1'. was 
raised on a farm, and farming is jiis ])resent bu^sincss; he received his educa- 
tion in the commori schools, lie lias been engaged in the business of herding 
young stock. In ISGS he was united in marringc to i^Iiss Kate GrifFith, 
daughter of Xoali GritHth, one of tlie early settler.-^. Mr. Smith has two 
fiirins, one containing two liundrcd and eiglity-three acres, all under culti- 
vation; the homestead contains forty-two acres; his residence is a fine two- 
story building, elegantly finished and furnished, situated in a beautiful lo- 
cation, commanding a line view of surrounding country. Mr. and Mrs. Smith 
have three children: Clarence G., ]N'ina E.,and Noah 11., and they are both 
worthy members of the Baptist Church, in wliich.he liolds the otiice of 

Robert McDaiinold Biuitli, Annada, was born in Linclibnrg, Virginia, 
January 11, IvSlS. He was here reared and educated. In the year of 1S68 • 
he immigrated to Boone county, Missouri, where he remained one and a 
half years, when he came to Pike county, where he remained about two 
years, following the avocation of farming; he then w^ent to Texas and en- 
gaged in the mercantile business, which he fcllovred with good success for ^i 
nine years. He was married in Ft. Worth, Texas, January 11, 1870, to ~, 
Miss Emma KniMit, a native of California. By this union were born two \ 
sons and one daughter: Virginia, Ambrose L., and George C, In 1878 he j 
returned to Bike chanty, where he e:igngcd in the mercantile business at An- j 
nada, at which place he continued until 1882. It was here he invented a 
patent car wlieel, which is known as Smith's salety car wheel, and is a great 

P. K. Spencer. This gentleman is a native of Missouri, and was born the 
27th day of April. 1S42. Nathaniel Spencer, his father, is by birth a Virgin- 
ian, llecanie to Missouri in an earlv day, settling in Monitor county, where 
be continued to reside until 1872, when he removed to tliis county, where he 
is now living on a farm adjoiniisg the one owned by our subject, and is in the 
seventy-sixth ycvr of his age. Our cubject's mother is also living, and ia 
in her sixty-sixth year, in the full enjoyment of ali her faculties. P. K. 
Spencer, our subject, spent his youth on a farm, early aaiuiring habits 
of industry, and has made faiming his principal business, bui has for the 

-.{ " I 

J . ■ ..ij' ■ ■; 

I .'< 


last six or seven years run a thresliiii'ij iniu'-hine. At tlio outbreak of our 
civil Avar Mr. Spencfr eiiterc'l tlie Confoderate finny, and perved eighteen 
monthp, v.'iicn lie \v;i,.s cut ui\' from his r(\:;iineiit, and V/as captured and taken 
to St. Louis, where he was confined in Gricert street prison, formerlj known 
and occupied as McDowell's College. Here ho was kept some four months, 
when he was taken to Illinois to the Alton ])rison, in which yjlacc he was held 
twelve months, whci\ he took the oath and was released, when he weiit to 
Warren county, this state. In 1SG4 he came to Pike county and engaged 
to work for Alvin Tinsley for one year. He then married MLss Victoria 
Ogden, of this coniity, and moved to Mr. Ogden's farm, where he remained 
some five years, when he purchajed his present farm, consisting of 222 acres, 
and moved to it, where he has a comfortable house and good out-buildings. 
Mr. S. has an interesting family of three girls and three boys. Mr. S. is a 
Alason, and a member of Lodge No. IT. He and his worthy wife are both 
Diembers of the M. E. CMiurch South. 

Jobli E. Stonebrulcor, M. ])., farmer, po^t-offiee Clarksville, has a splen- 
did farm of three hundred acres of choice land, in a tine state of cnltivation, 
with first-class improvements. His residence is a substantially built two- 
story brick, containing fourteen rooms, built in 1S59, at a cost of $10,000, 
by Washington Wallis. Mr. S. is a native of Maryland, born in IS-l-T, near 
HagerstowD. He came to i\Iissonri with liis parents in 1859, and settled 
in St. Charles county, where he lived until 1SC9, when he moved to Lincoln 
county.- In 1S75 he moved to his present home, since which time he has 
been engaired in aoricultural pursuits, lie was educated at Westminster 
College; commenced the study of medicine in 156G, attending the lectures 
at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Returning from school he engaged in merchan- 
dising for some two years, and ttieii turned his attention to farming. Mr. 
S. was married in 1S09 to Miss Alice TJobbins. daughter of T.J. and Eliza- 
beth E. liobbins, of St. Charles county, Missouri. Mr. S. takes great inter- 
est in Short-Horn cattle and Cotswold sheep, and is one of the most suc- 
cessful wheat growers in the country, having raised sonic 2,500 bushels in 
1881; lie introduced the celebrated Blunt's drill, which has proved itself as 
being the best in use. Mr. and Mrs. S. are both members of the Episcopal 
Church. They have one son liring, Eobert Edmund Lee. 

Abrain 3Ii](on Tlioina.s, farmer and stock-raiser; post-office Payncs- 
ville. The subject of tiiis sketcli was born in Jessamine county, Kentucky, 
on the 20t!i day of I'cbruary, 1S07, an<l moved with his parents to Pike 
county, MisHHiri, in the fall of 1819, and settled just north of Gwyn's 
Creek, almost opposite the town site oi^ Smith's Mills. After residing there 


- 'J 





until near the close of tlie year 1830 he rcnoved to the Mi^^.sissippi lilver, | 

where l)e kept a store and wood yard, i'vom the latter of whlcli lie supjdied tlic I 

boats which ;it that e^.rly day plied up and down the river. Mr. Thomas 
was also a farmer, owning at that time about 3,000 acres of land; and, dur- ] 

inii almost all the lime of his residence there lie served as justice of the ! 

peace, having been iirst ajipointed by the county court, and afterwards, for | 

many years in succession, chosen by tlie penple. For the benefit of liim- j 

self, and the many bauds in his employ, a political division of the county, | 

known as Mississippi township, was laid olT, and for a long time he held the j 

balance of power betweeu the then two almost equally divided parties, ^[r. i 

Thomas has re.^ided in Lincoln conntv since 1851, until four .years a^'o, ■^ 

when he again returned to Pike county, and settled within a few miles of i 

his first home in Missouri. Our subject was first married to Lncinda 2 

Mundy, in May, 1833, and from this union were three children, of whom ^ 

one is supposed to be still living. After the decease of his wife he v/as ■ 

airain married, in 1S65, to Mrs. Missouri T. Armstrong, the widow of the 
late Dr. Armstrong, of Lincoln county, Missouri, and by this union were 
born five daughters, of whom four are still living: Mary J., Melinda, Sullie. -', 

and Eli;<abet!i. The sul)ject of this sketch ha? been a consistent member of ^ 

the Christian Chnrch ibr almost forty years. Mr. T., although seventy-five ' 

years of age, is a man of remarkable physical vigor, and. e\-cepting his hear- 
ing, which is but slightly impaired, retains in a large measure the vigor of "j 
his bodily faculties, and tlie full possession of all his mental powers. ITis ' 
father, John Thomas, died a few months after his settlement in Missouri, ; 
and his mother, whose maiden name was Melinda Williams, some years j 
thereafter. ] 

Jjisoil Tiilitt. farmer, post-ofRce Calumet, w^as born in Bourbon county, j 

Kentucky, in 1S14. His father, Jiles Tiilitt, who was also a native of Ken- | 

tucky, immiirrated to Missouri in the fall of ISJS, and settled four miles \ 

south of Bowlinnr Green, where he continued to reside until his death in : 

1821. ilis wife's maiden name was Mary Wiginton; she died in 1857. 1 

Our subject, Jason T., was raised on the farm. His fVither dying when iie j 

was quite young he continued to live with his mother until her death in | 

1857, following the occupation of a farmer. He was married in 1SG3 to j 
Miss Cr.roline, daughter of William and Ellen I'rovvning, who' were origi- ^ | 

nally from Ohio. They have five children living: Mmy M. (now Mrs. j 

Phillis\ Katie May, William J., Mirtie B., and F.tta L. Mr. Tillitt's pres- j 

ent farm contains two hundred and forty acres of choice land, the most of ■ 
which is in cultivation. Mr. T. was, and is in principle, au old line Whig, 

)', ; -. 1 . 


.. < .f/O 


but ill Liter years has voted with the Democrats. Mr?. T. and Mary M, are 
members of the Baptist Church. 

John Treadway, farmer and stock-raiser, post-olilce PayncsviUc, was 
born in Pike county, Missouri, July 27, 1S36. lie is a son of Wasliington 
Treadway and a grandson of Jlubcn McDannold, wIjo were among t!iO ]))o- 
neers ol" the county. C)ur sulyeet lived witli his parents until their death. 
He was married February 22, ISGO, to Miss Bettie A. Coon, of Kails county. 
By this union they have had foivr children, three of v»'honi still survive: 01- 
lie H., William W., and Major \V. He is a member of the Baptist Church 
and his wife is a member of the Christian Ciiurch. 

Andrew Turner, farmer, post-office Clarksville, Tiiis gentleman is the 
son of John Turner, and was born November 15, 1S31. His father, John 
Turner, was a native of Maryland, and immigrated to Missouri in ISll, and 
settled on land nu\v used as the Louisiana fiir o-ronnds. During the Indian 
troubles they were driven into the fort. "While they were in Fort Buffalo 
two of the Jordajis were killed by the Indians. x\frer leaving the fort 
they went to Sf. Louis w]:erc they remained until ISlS, when they returned 
to Pike and settled on tlie farm where our subject now lives. Mr. Turner 
followed the avocatiori of a farmer, and continued to reside on the farm until 
liis death in 1S56. They raised a family of two sons and five daughters. An- 
drew Turner, the subject of our sketch, now has charge of the old luune- 
etead, which consists of J GO acres. The residence was erected in 1S70. He 
is one of the enterprising young men of the neighborhood. 

Judij;e Peter Taliaferro Vau2;han. post-office Paynes%'ille, is a native 
of Yiro-inia, born in Xelson countv on the -ith day of Auo'ust, ISOO, about 
seven iniles from Lo\'ingst<jn, the county scat of Nelson county. He nioved 
to Missouri with his father in the fall of 1S31 and settled on a farm still 
known as the old Capt. Yaughan homestead, near the village of Paynes- 
ville. After living with his ])arenLS for three years, Judge Yaughan re- 
moved to the farm nj)()n whicli he still resides. Judge Yaughan was mar- 
ried in 1834: to Mar}' L. Jeans, and from this union there were eight chil- 
dren, of whom six still survive. Judge Yaughan has devoted his energies 
to farming, but has found time to serve the j^eople of Pike in some of the 
most responsible positions of life. Inivinii: served as countv ludj^e from 1854: 
to 1S5S, and again re-elected in the last named year, and served four years, 
and until the commencement of the civil war. Judge Yaughan was chosen 
to represent the eastern district of Pike county in the General Assembly in 
the \ear 1ST6, and served tiiem ably and acceptably for the term of two 
years. The subject of our sketch is a communicant of the Chrictian Church, 


'•• Ml) 


of which oigajiizatioii he has bceti a member since 1842. lie was l<»!ig a 
mcmhor of the ]\r,is(inic ol'dcr, aiuJ Ijolds a demit from Clarksville Lodge 
No. 17. Jle has a farm of 300 acres, having given to liis childien a like 
amount, lie has a lar--^e, eomfortal^lc house, well situated, and convenient 
to cb.urcl)es and fine roads, etc. 

Jnmes TJ. Waiiii^.loy, farmer, post-office Clarksville. Tiiis gentleman 
i.s a native of Pike county, Missouri, born on the 4[\\ day of May, 1827. 
His father, John T\"amslev, was a Virtrinian 1)V birtli, and when a vouno: 
man came to Missouri, at an early day. He was married to Saiina Jordan. 
John Wamsley first settled some two miles southwest of Louisiana on a 
farm, where ho lived the greater part of his life, and continued to reside in 
Calumet township uniil his deatii in 18.51, the mother dying in lS44r. 
They reared a family of eight children, five of whom arc still living. The 
subject of oui" sketch, James H. "Wamsley, was raised and educated in this 
county where he has grown to manhood, engaged in farming, which is his | 

present business. He has been a stock breeder to a considerable extent. He { 

was married on January 2-1, 1S55, to ]\[argaret E. Butts, daughter of Wil- \ 

son and Eliza Butts, of this count3\ By this union they have eight chil- [ 

dren, all living, three of whom are married men. Mr. Wamsley's farm i 

consists of 175 acres of choice land. He has a large two-story frame house, j 

and good out-buildinirs. ^Ir. Wau'.sley and all the eight children are con- '1 

sistent members of the C P. Church. Mr. Wamsley devotes much time | 

and attention to the breeding of fine horses; in cattle he raises a graded 'i 

stock. - I 

Benjamin R. Walts, farmer and stock-raiser; post-office, Paynesville; i 

a son of. Washington and Mary Watts; was born in Pike county. May 1, ; 

1835. His ])arents were among the early settlers of the county. He lived | 

with his parents until he reached the age of maidiood. He was married I 

April 12, 1S55, to INfiss Madocia McCune, of Pike county. By this union ; 

he had one child, Charley, who died at the age of eight months. His wife j 

died March 27, 1S5S. He was again married, December IS, ISGl, to Miss | 

Elizabeth J. Mackey, and by this union they have one child, a son, Fred I 

Mackey Watts. Our subject and his wife are members of the Baptist j 

Church. , • - j 

Geor^]:e WeHs. This gentleman was born in Pike county, two miles 
south of Clurksville, on the farm formerly owned by his ftither, and still in 
the possession of the family on the 27tli day of August, 1S32. He im- 
proved the opportunities of his youth, and succeeded, with but poor scliool 
facilities, in acquiring a good English education. Wlien quite young, and 


I. >;'!■; /•. ii ■"(''•;'i 



even before lie had attained his majority, lie ap])lied himself to the learnin'/ 
of a trade, and for cii^lit years afterward continued to follow the business of a 
blacksiiiith. At the end of this time he engaged in teaching and for v\</[a 
years successfully conducted some of the best country schools in the county. 
Finally he settled on a tarm, to wliicb avocation he now devotes his ener- 
gies, giving some attention to the raising of stock, to which his farm is well 
adapted. The subject of our sketch was married to Miss Mary B. Price, 
daughter of Bird Price, of Pike county, on September 17, 1801. They have 
two children living, a boy and a girl, and to their education and moral train- 
ing the attention of the parents is specially directed. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
"Wells are consi^lcnt mcmljcrs of the Christian Church, of which our sub- 
ject has been the clerk for many years. 

James R. WclJs. Post-office Clarksville. Among the successful and 
enteri)rising farmers and stock dealers of Calumet tov;nship may be men- 
tioned Mr. Wells, who was born in Pike county, Missouri, July 11, ISoO. 
George Wells, tlie father of James R., was born November 10, 1707, in 
Kentucky. Etnigrated to Missouri in 180S, having come to Missouri with his 
parents when a siriall boy. liis father, the grandtatlier of J ames R., was Rich- 
ard Wells, a native of Kentucky; George Wells, father of James R., when 
nearly grown joined what was then known as the Missouri Rrangers, to tight 
the Indians. Daring his term of service he met with a serious accident bv the 
explosion of gunpowder which destroyed the sight of one eye and greatlv 
impaired the other. After the expiration of his term of service he was ein- 
ployed in buying and driving cattle t'j different points tor the government, 
lie v/as united in marriage, November 7, 1822, to Elizabeth Sherwood, a 
Dative of Xorth Carolina; she was born February 5, 1S03. He afterward 
became an extensive landholder and stork trader, and was widely known 
and universally esteemed. His death occurred September 23, 1849. his 
noble wife dying June 25, 1877, after rearing a family of nine children, six 
of whom still survive. James R. Wells, our subject, sj)eiit his youth on a 
farm and Vt-as educated at tlie common subscription sch.ools, but being a 
great lover of books much of his spare time on the farm was spent in read- 
ing. Arriving at maturity he engaged in teaching school, which lie fol- 
lowed some tvv'o years. In 1S53 he assisted in driving a drove of cattle 
through to California, over what was ki'.owu as the overland route. Tiris 
doubtless had much to do in creating a desire to trade in stock. After return- 
in<2: to his native conntv he be<ran Inisiness on his own account. In ISGl 
he was united in marriage to Miss Fanny I. Patton, daughter of James R. 
Patton of Payncoville. The mother of Mrs. Weils was a native oi' North 

.J 7.i>.ti'--'lM 

.1 • 


nioGKAT'liiCAL SKJ-rrciiKS. 633 

Carolina, and came to Missouri m the year Ib'JU, her father beinf^ from Ken- 
tuclcy, and died in 1850. Mrs. Wells during her lilc devoted ninch time to 
tcp.clu'ng scho(jl; she is a stronL"; advocate of eilucation, and a lady well versed 
in subjects in generah The hanpy uTiion lias been blessed witli eight 
children, seven of wlioni are living; viz., Lulie E., Alva S., Mattie J. 
Tliomas II., Minnie O., Ada A., and James I\., Jr. Mr. Wells has not 
only been an active farmer and trader but hti^ always taken a prominent 
part in politics, arid is well versed in all the leading political subjects of the 
day. He and his wife are both consistent members of the C. P. Church, 
and aie possessed of that si)irif of kindness and hosnitalitj' that so generally 
chai-actei'ized the eaily settlers of Pike county. 

\V iiliarii Weils. PoBt-oftice, Clai-ksville, Missouri. Fanner. Mr. 
Wells, the eldest son of George and Elizabeth Weils, was born in Pike 
county, Missouri, on the 81st of January, l^2i. His youth was spent on 
his fiither's fariii,ai!.l lie recei\ed a limited education at tlie common schools 
of that day. lie spent much of his time in assisting his father clearing and | 

opening a farn), wiiich was heavil}' timbered. On attaining his majority he 1 

engaged in farming. In 1S52, during the gold excitement, he went to Cali- | 

fornia, where he was ciigaged in mining some three years, during which j 

time he had many successes and reverses. In the winter of 1S55 he re- j 

turned to his foi'mer home and again engaged in tarming, which he has fol- ;| 

lov/ed till the present. For many years he was engaged in trading in hogs '\ 

and cattle. He has been twice n)arried; lirst to Miss ]\[ar!ha J. McCov, of a 

this countv, who did in 1^05, leavinp' a familv of nine cldldrcn, all of whom .1 

are living. In ISTO Mr. Wells was married to his present wife, who was j 

Amanda M., daughter of Win. Luck, and the widow of Cannon Johnson, ] 

who was a native oi'Teiiuessee. v>rr. Wells has a choice little farm of 150 \ 

acres of good land; well adapted for growing wheat and all kinds of grain. ] 

Personally. Mr. Wells is a plain, honest, unassuming man; is a good Mason, | 

and belongs to Lodge Xo. 17, and he and his w'ife are both consistent n\em- ' 

hers of the Baptist Churcli. I 

Byi'Oil I). Woodsaiij farmer, post-office Paynesville, vras born in Am- 
herst county, V^irginia, January 31, 1S33, and caiue to Pike county, Mis- 
souri, with his parents, William and Sarah E. Woodson, in the year 1S3C), 
aiid settled in Calumet township, where, about two years after, his mother 
died, and liis father died in 1850. Our subject was reared in Paynesville, 
and educated in the common schools. In 1S45 lie was apprenticed to B. B. 
Shipp, a blacksmith, with whom he served a long term, thoroughly mas- 
tering the trade, after which he attended school for a season, and then 


. I • , • , ; . I ' . 

/■ •.I.J'.. -. 


^34 insTony of i-ikk county. 

tau-hl ^ohool for a time. Iti 1857 he opened a black^.nitli shop at T'ayncs- 
villc Nvhich he operate.:! Ibr twenty year, with reinarkahly -ood saccess. 
By honest and lair dealin- with hi. patrons he won lh. conddcnce and re- 
speet of tlu' entire ron.munitv. He has been twice married, first on Octo- 
ber 19 1S56, to Miss E. O. JUnlherin, a daughter of John D. and Theodocia 
Mnlbnrin, who were anu>ng the first settlers of this ].art of the eounty. She 
was a consistent men.ber uf the Christian Church. By thl. nn.on they nad 
one child, John, who died in intaney. Mrs. Woodson died ^oven^>er 10, 
1<;57 Our snbiect was a-ain married October 29, 1S59, to iMiss Lucy v... 
Sharp of St. Louis county. From this union were born five children, tour 
of whom died in infancy, and one grew to maturity, Liliic B. Our subject 
was aoain bereaved by the loss of his second wile. December 15, IS.i; she, 
was aUo a member of the Christian Church. In ISTT he gave up his busi- 
ness at PaynesviHe and turned his attention to farming, w!>ich avocation he 
bos c^.o^ fVdlowod lie has two fine farms, containing respectively IbO and 
117 a^res which are under a hiL^h state of cultivation. Mr. Woodson us a 
member of the Masonic order and theChristian Churclu As may be inferred 
from fne above lAlr. Vroodson is a self-made man, and lias always given 
liberally to everv enterprise that wonld benefit the community, and has oc-. 
cnpled many in.port.nt positions which were for the benefit of the Christian, 
moral, and educational interests of the county. 

BUFFALO TO W>; SHIP. Bo. ana U^o.denU^ar. ,Ionufarn..n,,--TJ. Cu 

Znm^dTolacco Fa^fon,-lI..sler Bro. Vi.,,u- ^ror,s-C,,a.- ^-^-^'fj- .^ 
Co-Th. iddison Tu>shu Tobacco ila>wfacturwg Co.-Lou,siaua Pubhc bchooi.-- 
Colored 'schooh-^fcCune Colhge-ChHrches-Ckio Societies-Catholic Ce.i^tery-He- 
Irew Cemetery. 

This township is situated in the eastern portion of Pike county, border- 
in., noon the Mississippi. In size, except Calumet, it contains tlu3 gieatest 
area of arable land of any township in the county. In its general topogra- 
phy it is verv like Calumet, ^hich has been more minute.y clescra>ed. 
Ak>p. the riVer a., the blufis, and back of these the foot-hills. Ranges 

•" -:• ■]--::\ 

I- I'l . "1 


of knobs fitretcli out in different directions in many portions of the town- 
ship, and between these are the fertile valleys, lying, for the most part, alonj:; 
tlie creeks and other water-courses. The bottoms arc usually narnnv, but 
the uplands are, for the most part, productive, while many of the hills have 
been brought into cultivafion and yield large and profitable crops. The 
township ii Avcil watered and snfllciently rolling to- receive all the advan- 
tages of the most perfect drainage. 


The principal streams are the Xoix, which llows from west to east through 
the entire to wnsliip and finds its cod flueiice with theMissis5ip])i near the south- 
ern limits of the city of Louisiana; and Bufialo Creek, v;hich drains thesoutli- 
ern portion of the townsldp, flowing in a like direction, and also emptying 
into the ]\Iississippi. Clear Creek, a short but beautiful stream, is situated 
between Buffalo and the Xolx. In tlu) northern portion of the township are 
Grassy and Sngar creeks, vrhile in the extreme northeast flows the sluggish 
waters of the historic and far-fiimed "Salt River." Most of these streams 
continue to run during the greater portion of the year, and at no time is 
there any scarcity of water for stock or other purposes. Along all these 
streams the lauds are unusually rich and productive, though it is generally 
believed that the best portion of the township is found along its southern 
border and near where it is touched by the alluvial lands of Calumet. 

- STO.VE. 

In almost every part of the township stone, admirably adapted to build- 
ing purposes, is to be found, while near Louisiana quarries of limestone 
ha\e been opened and something attempted in the manufacture of lime for 
the markets of the country. 


There are some very bold and valuable s])rings situated in different por- 
tions of the tovy-nship. On either side, north and south, of Louisiana, is a 
spring wliose flow is constant the entire year, and whose water supply would 
be more th,an sufficient to meet the wants of all lier citizens were both the 
river and cisterns removed. In the southern portion of the township, and near 
Buffalo Creek, are the Upper and Lower "licks," two very valuable mineral 
springs, whose health-giving waters would prove as valuable to myriads of 
sufferers as the far-tamed waters of the Vv'hite Sulphur, Bath, AUum, or 
Eureka. It has only been from want of enterprise that these springs have 


■ l^^ 



not been aiiTuia]]}' thronged with visitors from all portions of the country, 
seeking in the resforative ])roperti(.'S of these spleTuJid waters rencvvcd vigor 
and reciipe-ntive energy. Tlie name "lick," as apjilied to these si>ring8, 
wap evidently given frvm tlae bale surface uf the gronnd surrounding tliem. 
which was made so by the animals, botli wild and domestic, which for more 
than a century have frequented these places and drawn their supply of salt 
and sulphur from licking the surface of the earth contiguous to the sprino's. 


This township, while not densely, is, nevertheless, comparatively thickly 
settled. The people address themselves principally to farming, raisirjg 
wheat, corn, oats, and tobacco, to v.-hich the laE-ds are for the U'.ost ]iart wel^ 
adapted. To stock-raising considerable attention has within the last few- 
years been devoted, and a great many graded cattle and superior hogs are 
annually sent to market from this township. One gentleman, K. F. Ayere, 
Esq.. has for some years been engaged in breeding Short-ricrns, and liis 
herd has been frequently mentioned as being among the best in this por- 
tion of the state, Kissinger's and Pritchard's being excepted, Mr. Shannon 
and others have made a success in breeding Jerseys, wliile Dr. I^utts is said 
to liave a large and splendid collection of Alderneys, Iv. K. Smith has 
brought the celebrated lied Berksliire liogs into tlie township, and their in- 
troduction is becoming quite general. Horses of superior style ai]d 
quality liave also been biouglit into much more general use than ever be- 
fore, while to the raising of mules, and to tlieir ])ui-chase as well, quite a 
number of the moneyed men of the state are devoting their attention. 

■ .. . . • KOAD FACILITIES, ■ ., 

Thei'oad facilities of the township are very good. The southern portion can 
reach the city of Louisiana on the Louisianaand Pjairicvi'legravel road ; those 
from the west on theLouisianaand P)0Wjing Cireen macadam, and those resi- 
dent in tlie northern portion of the township by nicans of the Louisiana and 
Frankford road. The last road, we understand, is no longer kept up, but 
as it was once graveled it affords, in the dry seasons of the year, reasonably 
good facilities for getting to market. There are also dirt roads extending 
out from neighborhoods to intersect some one uf the roads named, and tiius 
the entire township is provided witli fair means of transit to and from the 
only town in Buffalo town-^hip. Two railroads extend through Bufi'iAlo, the 
Chicago tt Alton from east to west, and the Chicago, Burlington tfc Quincy 
from north to south. In addition to these the river furnishes cheap and safe 

.1 I ...T 

) ■■ ■^^ 


transit for the prodnce of tlic farmer, and St. liOiiis and other markets are 
thus brought ahnost to the very door of the producer. 


The homes of the farmers of ButfaU) exhibit much taste and are very gen- j 

crully supplied with all tlie comforts of life. The farms are well laid out, J 

well kept, ami splendidly cullivuted, and many of their owners havu r:;rown j 

rich through their industry and perseverance. The residences are usually j 

of a very substaiitial character, built generalh' of brick, or are frame edtices | 

of a neat and tasty appearance, and for the most part surrounded with 
substantial out-1)aildings and yards tastefully and b'..'autifully oriia- ■( 

mented with riovrers and shrubs. In the soutiien! portion of the towa- \ 

ship this feature is particularly noticeable, and some of the finest and best j 

houses in the county aie to be found here. The people themselves are in- 'j 

teliiirent, enterprising, and hosjutable, and have long been ei'.^aged in earn- i 

est endeavors to advance the material interests of their portion of the i 

county. Tney have contributed to every character of public enterprise, and • 

to furnish additional railroad facilities to the township they imposed upon j 

themselves an enormous tax, which will require the effort of all tor a period I 

of not less than twenty years to entirely liquidate. They have, however, | 

consummated an arrangement v/ith their creditors by \vhich they will be able ■ 

to meet their oblif^itions, and to this duty thev are now industriously ad- ! 

dressing themselves. They have also built up in every di.-irict in. the town- I 

ship a good public school, which, under the earetul management of a com- j 

petent teacher, is doing good work in the cause of education. Neither have -j 

the interests of the cause of religion been ].ermitted to languish, but good j 

church houses aie to be found in every part of the township, and, upon the ! 

sabbath, there is a good attendance upon the administration of the i 

'• word of lite." We propose, in this connectiou, to give a brief history of 
the churches of the townsliip, mentioning the time of their organizition, 
with the constitutinfT members, and such other facts of interest as may have 
come into the writer's possession. 


This church v.-as first organized in 1S17 or ISIS, as an Old School Pres- 
byterian Church, by the Rev. Joh.u Matthews, one of the earliest ministers 
of the county. The constituting members were William McC >nnell and 
wife, James Wilson and wife, Robert Hemphill and wife, John Prince and 
^•ife, James Templetou and wife, Miss Sarah Templeton, and },\vs. Gos- 

I It. 

•i : 



line. For a long time services were lield in a small log honse. located near 
to where tlie present churcK now stands. Mr. Mr,ttlio\s's coiitinued to 
preacli for this clnneli ujitil lSr>2, when a new oi'_i::,rtnization wms dl'ected | 

under the charge of the Ilev. JaiiH'S AV. Campbel!, and the chnrch passed | 

from the control of the "Old School" into the hands of the Cnmberland 1 


Presbyterians. The original menibers iu this organization were .Robert I 

Kelso, JRowland IJurlaidge, James Allison. Mary Allison, Alex. Allison, | 

Samncl 0. Allison, Xancy Allison, Josephine Jordan, Kli/^abeth Smith, and a 

Elizabeth South. In year a new log structure was begun, but was not | 

entirely completed before 1S31. Tliis house was built by the community ] 

in general and was to be used by all denominations; the Cumberland Pres- | 

bytcrians, however, being the first to orgiunV.e, had the prior ehiiin upon ? 

the house for such days as they desired to use it. The first elders of thie \ 

church, under its new organization, were Pobert Xciso and Samuel C. xVIli- 
8on, the ialter genlieman also serving as tirst clerk of the church. Mr. 
Campbell, the dearly beloved pastor, remained as ])reacher in charge from 
1832 until 1S72, a period of forty years, when his declining health admon- 
ished hin) to retire frvVA the labor of active ministry. lie was succeeded by 
Kev. W. B. Mcliwee, who, after several years of faithful and efficient labor, 
was followed by the Pev. T. S. Love, the present pastor. The present offi- 
cers of this old chnrch are J. Y. Fry, John L. Pickens, James W. Hunter, 

and Jarnes C. Jord;>n, elders; and J. It. Fry and , deacons. Mr. J. 

C. Jordan is the clerk of the chnrch. The present church-house, a substan- 
tial frame structure, was built in 1873, and is, in size, thirty-six by sixty 
feet, and is sixteen feet high. It is neatly seated with scrolled and walnut 
seats, and occupies the site of the old log-house. Tiiis church has a present 
membershi]) of 102 CDinmunicants. It has been a long time since the for- 
ests about tliis old church were tirst made vocal by the ]')raises of the few 
trusting children of Isi-ael's God; but neither their hymns have been 
hushed nor their prayers failed to ascend, for at this day, more than sixty 
years since the tirst early settlers worshiped heie, their children and 
grandchildren continue to assemble and offer up to the Go'l of their 
fathej'S adoration and praise. 

soix cuf:ek baptist church. 

This chnrch was organized July 29, 1833. The original members were 
S. B. Clark, Xanc-y Clark, Mary Dodds, ]i[argaret Lynch, Sallie Hedges. 

Nancy Smith, Catharine Jackson. Tliomas Hedges, Jennie Siiannon, 

Morriss. Sandline, and Louis, a colored man, and Nellie, a colored 


■■ '•(! 
•J J 
I! tj 
' 'I 


: ; I' r 

T ^'. 

Burr<'ALO TOWN^mi'. (>39 { 


woman. Tlie first n)eelingt> were luild in a grove one an^l a lialf miles j 

west ot where the chnrch now st;inds. Tlic firc;t service was conducted by | 

the Itcv?.. Davis I'iggs and ,lorend;ih A^ardemaii. During inclement j 
weather tlie services were lield at the houses of the different nicmhers. The 

first reguhir pastor of this cliurch was the IJev. AValter McQuic, who was . j 

ordained on tlie 29th day of October, 1833. Tiie stated times for liolding t 

services were regiilated by the fourth Saturday of each nidith. j\lr. Mc- ■ 

Quie remained with the clinrch as tiieir pastor uiitil November, 1S37, when \ 

Rev. David Hubbard Avas called, and the time of meeting- was now chanired •• 

to tiie third Saturday of each uionth. Mr. JJubl^ai'd severed his connection i 

as pastor of tliis church some time in tlie year JS39, wlien Jtcv. Davis Eiggs -j 

v.'as called to succeed him. Mr. Eiggs officiated as ])astor until 18-1-1, when ' 

Kev. Landram became the pastor and continued to serve the church for a J 
period often years, in the February following Mr. Landram's retirement, 

Rev. James F. Smith was called to the charge of the clmrch and continued i 

to serve it until 18.56, when he was succeeded by Kev. xM. aM. Modissett, -l 

who contiuued until September, 1857, when Rev. J. T. Williams accepted i 

the call and was its pastor until September, ISfjO. For the period of one 1 
year the Rev. King was now in chai-ge, wlien Rev. Modissett was recalled 
in 18(31 and contiimed in charge until September, 1870. J. T. Williams 

followed Rev. Modissett for two vears, when lie v. James Biirgs was elected I 

to succeed hini and remaineii with the church until 1878. in November of i 

this year (1S7S) Rev. James I^eid was called to the pastorate of this church, ' 

and continues at this time to minister to tlie spiritual wants of the congre- ' 

gation. This church is both numerically aind flnai\cially strong, and it is | 

to be hoped that spiritually it may be found strung in the might of the 1 
Lord. It IvA^ dc'Ue mucii good in the pa?t and its future usefulness can 
only be measured by the faith and zeal of ils members. 


This church is of recent date. It VN^as organized in August, 1873. The 
constituting members were J. J. Smith, Aiartha W. Smith, W. W. Waddle, 
Elizabeth Waddle, William ijriner, Yin-i Rrinor, William B. Smith, Z. T. 
Sm-ith, Hester A. Smith, W. 11. H. Johnson, Eliza B. Morphy, J. J. Ar- 
thur, J. R. Sj>arks, and W. D. McLeod. The first pastor was the Rev. G. 
AV. Foster. The church edifice, a wooden structure, 2i).v.31 feet, was built in 
1870, and dedicated in the same year by Rev. lUirnham, assisted by D. B. 
Ray, of St. Louis. The successor of Rev. Foster was Rev. A. P. Dodge, 
and th>j present pastor is the liev, S. G. Givens. The deacons are William 

• -IC.J 


1 1 1 .1 



B. Smith and James Love, and tlie })re8ent membership Tuimbcrs forty-three 


The very gertn of the Episcopal Chnrcli of Pike and Lincoln counties is 
found in the organization toiincd about the year 1839, in a little h>^ school- 
house situated in the northern part of the hist nanicJ county and very near 
the dividing line between Pike and Lincoln. The membership of this 
cluirch consisted of but a few families, all of whom were Virginians, and 
residents of both Pike aisd Lincoln counties. 

The Clarks, Lewis, Merriwethers, Miners and a few otiiers, living at 
DO great remove from the j)lace uf worship), were among the earliest niem- 
bers and have from that time until the present done much to perpetuate tiie 
existence of the church in Pike county. The first services were conducted 
by^olm Long, a tutor in the family ol' Walker C. Mcrriwether, who was also 
a theological student and who also ofiiciated as lay reader. There were, 
however, occasional services conducted by regularly ordained ministers, 
among who may be mentioned liev. Mr. Gassaway, who was killed by the 
explosion of a steamer near Alton, Illinois, on his way to or from the 
church mentioned. Bishop Kemper would also visit the church at stated 
intervals, and after preaching would administer to those, if any, who desired 
to receive the ordinance of confirmation. Some years after this time an 
Episcopal church, St. Johns, was built at Prairieville, and tliose who had 
before worshiped in Lincoln county transferred their membership to this 
church. For a while this church had no regular pastor, but the rlon. Peter 
Carr, once'a state senator and a gentleman of liberal culture aiid great moral 
worth, was authorized to read for the congregation, which he did in a man- 
ner so acceptable that many of the members long regretted the change, even 
after havinjj: been served bv several verv able pastors. The church at Prai- 
rieville continued to flourish until the war when for quite a time the preach- 
ing of this denomination almost entirely ceased in the county. 


This church, which is situated in the cxti'eme southwestern portion of 
Bufialo township, was organized about the year iSoD or IS'JO. by Kev. E. 
Jennings. At first the jdace of worship was a, school-house at buc a little 
remove from-^jwhere the cliurch now stands. There were but few members 
in the first organization, and these, as far as learned, were Joel Milan and 
v?ite, L I). Wa'-ner and wife, James i'iudky and wife,, and a lew others, 

:-t..i t y rv<'-i It? 

• •■■■I:-.'; •..:•• Ir.r 

a .. '•■ :■, 



whose names cannot now bo luui. The ehurcli, a logfitructure, about thirty 
by forty feet in size, was huih by the Bai)tists in 1SG2, wiih some assistance 
from the Cumberhind riosbytorians, who wore to be pcrn)itte;i to use it 
when not occupied by the iiaptists. The ministers who have otHciated here j 

are Kevs. E. Jennings, Sauuie! Is'oel, A. F. llod;.rcrs, Thomas Sanderson, J. 
J5. English, and M. M. Modissett, the present pastor. There is at present a 
membershij) of fiom severity to eiglity communicants. A sabbath-school, 
which is fairly attended, is kept during the spring and summer seasons. I. ^ 

D. Wariier is the present clerk, and, indeed, he has long served the church in .j 

this capacity. :; 

. ;' 

BUFFALO CKMi:Ti:i;y. ■] 

This cemetery is situated at a s!\ort remove from the church of the same 1 
name. It is, "liowever, older than the church, as it was laid out as early as i 
1813. The lirst interments ever made here were those of Robert Jordan i 
and his young son, James, both of whom were killed by the Indians on the ,' 
very spot where the cemetery is located, and near to the jJace where, side 
by side, they have so long been sleeping. The land upon which this ceme- a 
tery is situated lirst belonged to John Jordan, a brother of Robert, and at { 
the time of the killing above noted he set apart an acre for a public bury- 1 
ing-ground. In ISSl three acres more were added and deeded to the elders \ 
of the C. r. Church and their successors in oftice. As a whole, it is a beau- ; 
tiful site, has been neatly fenced and adorned with evergreens, and beauti- 
fied with ilowers and shrubs. There are some nice monuments, and nu- ; 
meroiis marble slabs mark the last resting place of the pious dead. No ac- 
curate record of interments has ever been ke]it, but it is the general opin- ; 
ion uf those best acquainted with this oM cemetery that no less than two ' 
thousand persons have been buried here. -j 


Buffalo township was early settled, and by a class of people justly noted j 
for their industrious habits and moral character. These old' settlers had 
come principally from the states of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and the 
Carulinas, and as early as ISIO some of them had built their cabins within 

the limits of tlie tov/nsldp. Among the earliest, as reported to the writer, 1 

were John and Robert Jor<Jan, Samuel and David Watsou, William Mc^on- i 

nell, Alexander Aliison, John Watson, James Templeton, James Mackey, ! 

John Farmer, James Watson, Thomas Cunningham, Edward Byers, I 

Brandon, and others. There is, at tliis time, no means of ascertaining the ; 

; '. iTjn 

' r .1*./ 



exact tirnc at wliicli these early pioncerr^ settled in J'ike county, nor the or- 
der in wliich they came. About tlie time of the uominij ol' th(jse .".l>ovc 
named, or very shortly tliereaiter, came Jolm Turner, Daniel Bishop, James 
Crider, James Burns, C. M. Thurman, Joseph (Carroll, Josiah Henry, Alex. 
Henry, Wiliiam Alcl.oed, James Slark, Harrison Booth, Wm. K. Pickens, 
Jacob and William Baxter, Jacob Frye, K. L). Emerson, John Price, John 
Yeiiable, Joseph Barrett, Ja:ne^ Culbertson, liobert Jfeinpliill, William B. 
McQuie, E. L. McQuie, John E. Shannon, Samuel McGary, Kobert WaHace, 
Silas Pchea, Sa'.nnel Givens, James 1). McElwee, William Chilton, James 
Chilton, Williai!! li^o, Thomas]Dodds, David James, Da\»id Gurnsey, Pev. 
Davi:; Biggs, Morris Biggs, Samuel B. Clark, William ilolliday, Jiichie 
Ayres, John J. Smitli, James Frier, Pobert Muir, Price J. Yeatcr. Jeremiah 
Clayton, and others. These families were scattered over different portions 
of the townshiji. The Henrys, Allisons, Templetons, Starks, Byers, and 
otiiers were. ]ocate<l south of Buffalo Creek, and on lands equal to any to be 
found in the township. The McGaheys were located on Grassy Creek, and 
the McElwees and others on the ISioi.x. Q^he times when these parties came 
to the county are included between the years 1810 and 1830. At this early 
day the entire county was a wilderness, but these brave men went to work 
with a will to clear away the forests and to prepare the virgin earth for the 
reception of the seed from which was to spring the golden harvest. At first 
they labored under every disadvantage; the clearings were heavy, the im- 
plements for tanning were of the rudest character, and the Indians were a 
source of constant dread. But nothing daunted by their surroundings, they 
went vigorously to work; they felled the forest, fenced tbeir meager clear- 
ings, and planted their crops. When it was regarded unsafe to remain at 
ihcii' several home^ the}' removed their families to Buffalo Fort, situated 
south of the creek of that name, and on the land now owned by Thomas Is- 
grig. Here , a part v.-ould guard the women and children, while the rest 
wonld devote their energies to their farms. The crops raised in this way 
became common property of all, and though they were permitted tor a while 
to work but little, yet so fruitful was the new cleared soil that no apprehen- 
sion of famine was ever felt. If the earth could be made to yield the 
brendjthe forests could be readily induced to supply the meat. Deer, 
'turkeys, and other game were abuiKiant, and the hunter had little trouble in 
procnring all that the necessities of his household m.ight demand. But 
there were times when it became extremely unsafe to travel the roads or 
roam the forests. Tl;e murderous Indians were on the war-path, and the 
feafety of the white man dei'ended alike upon his caution and his skill. But 

nio "'■.:! 

•vt ■" .' 

n.'iu,: ■ ,ri a. 

1 ::i 

;(. .••);. 

■ , • V 



the greatest care was soinetiinc^^ witliont avail, as tlie settlers were occasion- 
ally waylaid and shot down iioar their homes and in their tields. This was 
the case witli Kol'ort Jordan and ins vouni,' si.-n. Janies, wlio were kilknl and 
scalped while on their way to their farm near the present site of IJufialo 
Church. They were buried near where they had been slain, and the peo- 
ple, alarn:;ed at the liostilo demonstrations of the Indians, took refuge in the 
fort. Here they were a long time confined and forced to a dreary, monoto- 
nous life. Still they bore their hai'dships with that heroism characteristic of 
the early settlers, and seldom complained of their hard fate, but each 
did his or Iicr best to encourage the other, while all found in their 
confinement some degree of social enjoyment. One of the first wed- 
dings that ever occurred in the county took ]>lace in this old fort. 

Peter Brandon, a soldier of this war, was inarried to Nancy ALcConnell 
during the time that they were virtually prisoners liere. This occurred in 
1.81S, and the iiUeresting ceremony was ]>erformcd by Jolm Jordan, an es- 
timable t'entleman, though we can find no account of liis having ever been 
either a preacher or justice of the peace. Mrs. Brandon, a highly esteemed 
lady of about ninety years of age, is still living and resides within five or 
six miles of the site of the old ibrt. After a few years the Indian troubles 
came to an end and the settlers commenced in earnest to imj^rove their con- 
dition. The heavy timber was cut away and farms opened up ready for the 
plow, better houses were prepared and out-buildings necessary for the keeping 
of stock and the storing of grain, were erected, llesponsive to their ener- 
gies the soil yielded abundant crops, Tlieir necessities grew with their in- 
creased prosperity, and mills, schools, and churches were built up all over the 
country. Tliese vrere rude structures at first, but they met the immediate wants 
of the people, and with better times came better houses and improvements. 

Tlie Jordans built the first mill in the township, and for quite a series of 
years it met the demands of the entire people. Soon, however, the country 
became more thickly settled and other mills were erected and other facilities 
of meeting the wants of a growing and prosperous community were intro- 

Among the early preachers of this township nniy be mentioned Rev. Jolm 
ilatthews, who organized Old Buifalo Church; and Ivev. Davis Biggs, a 
Briptist divine, who was also one of the fir^t preachers of Ramsey Creek, 
the very oldesi church in the county.' 

. fj.'.l ■ '• ■•••>:. .1 


»!ii;* ui.. 

'•: :o 



Louisiana is sitjiuteil in tlio eaitorn part; of Unll-ilo township, fiivl just 
noiUi of the conilueiice of the Koix with the Mi.->issippi. The site of tlie 
town is II magniticeut one, and such as uaturc had seemed to prepare i'oc the 
location of a beautiful city. Getitly rising for several squares from the 
margin of the river, tlic surface becomes, for quite a distance, com]»aratively 
level, when, linally, it falls away with a gentle 8h;)pe towards the west and 
south. On the north are the bhiiis, which, swinging around towards tiic 
west, form a crescent shaped line of hills, which partially encircle the city. 
On the south, and below the Noix, is another range of hills, whose liighest 
point is ^Mount Clinton, an elevation of surpassing beauty. These, like the 
former range, trenJ westv,-ard, a^A. first falling away into footdiills, then 
into undulating tabledand, make the gap through which passes both the 
gravel and the rail roads. The city itself is well laid out. with broad, straight 
Btrceli', and sidewalks of unusual widtii. The town is substantially built, 
both tlie business houses and residences being of a better class and exhibit- 
ing more taste tliari is usually found displayed in cities of its size. The 
site Tij'ion wliich the town is built was first owned by John Bryson, who 
came from South Carolina in the fall of 1S1G, and in the spring of 1S17 
pre-empted one-fourlh of section 18, township ol, range 1 west. When he 
first commenced the improvement of iiis land Mr. Bryson lived on the 
ground now occupied by the Louisiana fair grounds, and during the ensu- 
ing summer built the lirst house ever erected witliin the present limits of 
the city. This house was loc:itcd on Ninth street between Tennessee 
and Georgia streets. In 1818 Joel and Samuel Caldwell came out 
from Kentucky for the purpose of locating a town site, and being very fa- 
vorably impressed with Mr. Bryson's location, bought that part of his claim 
adjacent to the river. Tiiis was laid out into lots, and constitutes what is 
shown on the original plat as the town of Louisiana. 

The tovvn was laid out by James Jones, the first surveyor of the county, 
and was named for the state of Louisiana, and not after the beautiful face 
of some mythical Louise, as many have imagined. Tlie streets running east 
and west were also named at'tcr some of the more prominent southern 
stateSj such as Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina, etc. The streets run- 
ning 'jorth and sonlh were numbered from first to ninth, inclusive. First 
street was called AVater, and Second Afain street, then Third, and so on, in 
regular order. 

The first improvements were made on "Water street, botii residences and 
business houses being erected here. These were, of course, the ordinary 


. ' 1 i 



lofi; ttnu'tiire?. whose style of arciiilcciuro was always the same, alllioui^li 
tlie n)onot(»ny was sujnewhnl broken by the cabins soitu.'tiines being double 
instead ot"?ii)L^le, and it, is rcj)orted that a few oi' tlie more prctculious as- 
})ired to tlie height of a story and a half. The first hotel, or tavern, as it 
was then called, was located uii the corner of Second and Geor,<^ia streets, 

where the Xatioiia! Hall now stands. T liis house was br.ilt in the spring 1 

of l^ll', and was lirst kept by Obadiah ].)ickinson, and aflerwards by Alar- \ 

shall ^lani), and was conducted as a ])ublJc liouse lor twelve years. 1 

The next building of importance was a log business house erected by 

Uriiih J. Devore in IS 19, and located on the west side of Main street, | 

on Georgia street (tljat is, on the southwest corner of ^[•^.\n and Georgia). I 

This hon^e v,as occui.'ied a$ a store by ^Ir. Devore foi- two years, wh(.i\ it I 

was purchased by John Schwimnier, who continued to use it for tlie same | 

pur]iosc until tlie year 1S4G, when he built tlie business house now occu]iied j 

by Seibert A: ]\[ar/olf. TVhen Pike county had gnnvn sufliciently to be set i 

off from St. Charles as an independent county of the then sparsely ]>0]nila- i 

ted commonwealth of Alissouri, the commissioners who w(n-e to select a site | 

for the county seat dctcrmii'ed that Louisiana should become the county | 

capital, and hence a court-house and a jail became im}ierative. The court- j 

honse was built of brick and upon the ground now- known as the Burnett .1 

Block, while the jail, which was of hewn logs, was located on the land upon ; 

which the magnificent Pepper building now >tands. About the year IS — j 

the old jail was torn down, and out of the logs several tenement liouses j 

were built on the south side of Georgia street, which were long known as I 

"Dutch How." i 


Up to 1835, excepting on Front, or Water street, Louisiana was almost j 

an unbridzen forest, and even where the tives had been cut away the land i 
was covered with papaw thickets and hazel brush. From Front street to 

the river front was a considerable blufl" and between Fourtli and Fifth stieets j 

an immense gully. As they have both long since disappeared it is reason- i 

able to suppose that the bluff has fallen into the gully and the process of j 

evening np has been successfully accomplished. By the year 1S37 Louisi- j 

ana had become quite a trading post and the stores had increased from one • 

or two 10 ten or twelve. Among the principal business men of the place at ! 

this time inay be mentioned Pliineas I'lock, Penjiimin Bnrbridge, John I 

Thomas, Joel Campbell, William Chilton, Gregoire, William K. Tur- 

pin, and John Schwimmcr, the latter doing businesss on Second street. As 

early as 1835 the enterprising citizens had commenced to improve. In this | 

year a road was cut from Water street do>vn to tiie river and seve*-al loads | 

I . - ■ ) ' . 

■ r ' • . ( . ■ ■ 1 

.1 ■• ).' i; 

•. ' '»i!J 

■ f i .-)r|.f 




of stone were dmnped near tlvo river. Tliis constituted fur some years the 
landing or lev}- of the city. It is said that C;\{)t. Xeil Cameron, a steatn- 
boatman, contributed to tlic assis^tance of the city l\y payin:^ for tlie hauling 
of the rock; but there is no very j^ositive evidence that the city liad any 
help in cutting down the road, the total cost of which must have closely ap- 
proximated an hundred dollars. AVe will here mention that among the 
very earliest brick buildings erected in the town was tlic one built on the 
corner of South (/arolina and "Water streets, by "William 11. Turjjin, as early 
as 182S. 

In 1S53 Louisiana first began to assume the appearance of a thrifty busi- 
ness town, and t.) assist in advancing both the beauty and material pros- 
periy of the place tlie contract of grading down some of the hills and open- 
ing up some of the principal streets was awarded to Silas Farber and W. 
W. English. TIjc making of the levee, as it now is, was also included in 
tlie contr;:Gt, the C'ty having made suitable appropriations for this work. j 

In 1835 the following business men, whose names have not before been 
mentioned, came to Louisiana: I. xv. Bryson, John L. AVilliams, Edwin i 
and Daniel Draper; and in IS-iO canie Williani Luce, Itobert Kercheval, 
Jacob Llock, Moras Dreyfus, and E. (}. McQuie. As early as 1S20 the 
people of Louisiana commenced to reach out for the trade of Illinois, 
and a ferry was started in this year as a uicans to induce the trade of that 
side of the river to come hero. Wilson Cook owned and operated this ferry 
until 1830, whc!i Jolm and Frank Burnett became his successors, and in 
1843 their sons, Wash and Frank Burnett, succeeded them. These parties 
continued in possession of the ferry franchise until 1861, when they dis- 
posed of their right, since which time several parties have controlled it. It 
is, we think, at tliis time owned l^y Captain James McCanne, who continues 
from earlj" spring until late in the autumn to ply between the shores of the 
two Pikes. 

The first pln-sician that ever located in ].,ouisiana is said to have been Dr. 
Albion T. Crow, Vn-Iio came in 1818, and just after him Dr. Stewart also lo- 
cated in the town. Some years after tliese, in 1828, came Dr. W. C. Har- 
din, who for many years enjoyed a large and luciative practice, and who is 
at this time one of the most genial and public spirited citizens of the place. 
The first minister v*-as ilev. John Matthews, the same whom we have be- 
fore s])oken of as having organized Old Buffalo Church. Mr. Matthews was 
also the first school teacher in the town. He began his labors by preach- 
ing at the houses of h'S people, which he continued until the citizens of the 
town built a log school-house between Fourth and Fifth streets, on Virginia 

Y'./'ri ^ \i 

• u* -. 

.1 i'r ;.,(, 

;-.',|. .;,. 1 

.7. /J 


struct, wl)crc lie butli preaclied and tiiui>ht fur tlireo or four years, Next to j 

liim in the niinistrv was Jivv. My. Jackson, of the Baptist Cliurch, who i 

in-oached in Ijouibiana and viciniLy as early as TS2*). k 

Among the very earliest school teachers of the town may also be named | 

Charles Ivouse who was at the same time, or subsequently, a lawyer and who ' 

was killed some years afterwards in the town of IS'ew London. Col. John- j 

sou had a small mill near the pi-e^unt fair grounds in 1S:3<), luif many sun- 
pose that the old tread-mill built by eitlier John Allet) or John Basye, ante- j 
dates this by not less than two years. There was no steam mill in Louisi- j 
ana before 1S35, wlien th.e lirst was erected by Benjamin Burbridge and i 
John S. McCune. Tliis mill is better known at this time as the Diamc.nd ] 
Mills. Soon after this another steam mill was built near the river at the ^ 
mouth of Xoix Creek, which was burned in 1S40. This last was built by 
B. D. Brown, and Nathaniel Fuqua. The City Mill was built in 1S53 or ; 
185-1- for a plow factoiw arid v/as so used until it wa-' purcha^^ed i:v William ] 
Luce and E. C. Murray and converted into a flouring mill. ■] 

The first marriage of which we can gain any knowledge occurred in l 

Louisiana in 1S20, and-the contracting parties were Henry Yeatcr and Sn- j 

sannah Shields; they vrere married by Squire Noyes, one of the first, if not 1 

the very first, justice of the peace who ever served in Louisiana or Buftalo 3 

township. j 

Too little data can now be had of a reliable character to make specially ■ 

interesting the early hi-tury of this city. I^ut before turning from the Louis- 
iana of the past, with its miserable cabins and few hundred citizens, to the 
Louisiana of the present, with her splendid residences and population of more 
than five thousand souls, it would seem proper as a tribute to their memory ] 

to present here the names of all the old settlers that v/e have been able to • 
find out. They are as follows: John Bryson, John Tenable, James Yenable, 
John Walker, Samuel R. Caldwell, Joel Shaw, Rev. John Matthews, Moses 
Kelley, James Jones, Marshall Mann, Obadiah Dickerson, S. li. Bartlett, 
Uriah J. Devore, Jolin Schwimmer, M. J. Koyes, John E. Allen, John Basye, 
John Burnett, B. F. Burnett, Ezra Hunt, Charles Rouse, John Johnson, 
James Johnson, Henry Yeater, J. B. Yeater, Di*. A. T. Crow, Samuel W. 
Finley, Dr. Stuart, Levi Petti bone, Isaac Orr, dames Orr, AVillis Mirchell, 
Samuel Kern, John Mansiey, William Srephenson, James Finley, Benjamin 
Burbridge, Thomas Burbridge, John Ferguson, Daniel Ferguson, Edv.-in 
Draper, David Draper, Phineas Block, Jacob Blt»ck, William Penix, Job 
Wilson, Smith Cook, George Johnson, George Young, Dr. W. C. Hardin, 
William R. Turpin, Julm L. Williams, Joel Campbell, James E. Glenn, Henry 

> -^ I 


/'J- 1 >' ^ 



J.Findley,Goori:;c ]venriPdy,AViil;-iiTi Alexander, Stan is^huis^Miuld, El ias Jack- 
eon, R. M. Duke, James A. Stevens, Dr. B. W. Gorin, JJobcit J. Watson, J. C. 
Jackson, D. W, Jamci.-, Dr. E. M. Eartlett, Josiali Goidon, William Luce, 
Joliu Funlkp, Jose|>h Irwin, Thomas J. i^aird, Dr. Stoddard, David McAl- 
ister, John J. 7>roCuue, S. AV. Farbcr, James H. Johnson, Conrad Smith, 
James Watton, John S. ^Jarklcy, John V>. Henderson, E. G. McQiiie, and 
J angles O. I»roadhc;i'i. 

A lew of these old. settlers survive and «ire still citizens of Louisiana, but 
by far the o^rcater proportion liave passed away, and the present ])0]jnlation 
of tliecitv is com]vjscd <»f their descendants and those who have from year 
to year been settli!;;^ here. 

For a Ionic time Louisiana continued to improve and the hope was enter- 
tained that tlie full growth of the city would not be attained nntil its popu- 
lation had been swelled to 20.000. A combination of circiimstances has 
cons]>irod to retard her progress and the^c ]!0W tend tokeej> back the prosper- 
ity of the place. . The trade of the town lias been seriously affected by the build- 
ing of tVvO lines of railroad through the city. These roads permeate the ctamtry 
and ha\e, contributed lu build up oiher towns along their routes and thus 
draw away a larije prt^'portion of the trade which was once tributary to ].on- 
ibiana. The lllinohs country, the best agricultural region, contiguous to 
Louisiaiia, has. by the building of the Kansas City division of the Chi- 
cago & Alton liriilrocid. turned its trade lion] this city, formerly its 
natural market, to St. Louis a.nd Chicago, to whose very u'ates ihev have 
been brought by the construction of the above named road. Again, J3ijw- 
ling Green, the county seat, but twelve miles west of Louisiana, once a 
small village, has, within the last four or five years, grown into a 
town of near l,.*^.viO ]-eoplo, and the stocks of all kinds now carried by lier 
merchants make a business trip to Louisiana by the citizens of this pait of 
the county altogether unnecessary. The building of the "Short Line" rail- 
road has also seriously affected the trade of the city and from more ]ioints 
than one. At Fran.ktbrd, whose people once came to Louisiana, the citizens 
are furnished with railroad communication to both Hannibal^nd St. Louis, 
and lience while tliey may go to the former for such articles as their own vil- 
lage cannot su})ply, their profjuce will naturally seek its final market in the 
latter city. At Edgewood and i*rairieville, tiie same state of things exists, 
the trade is turned either to LLannibal or St. Louis. By the building of this 
road the trade of Lincoln county, aho a large proportion of which once went 
to Louisiana, is now lost to the city. By the building of the St. L., Iv. & N. 
W, Baihvay tiomctinaes called the^'Long Line," Louisiana has been le^s injured 

/•:■ • in 



fJa ».?'.i -^-p W- J 



I '-^fm 



cny OF LoiisiANA. GiO 

than I)}' cither ot" the other roads, and yet we imar^-ine that few of her citi- 
zens have ever reali;ced any Ijenetit from its construction. The most injury 
it lias done has been to establisii two or three stations nortli of Louisiana, .1 
from which botli stock and produce can be shipped direct tocitlier St, Louis 
or Chicaoro witliout either seekinir a, market in Louisiana or beintj brouorht i 
tiicre for tratisportation as heretofore. But not oidy are tlie above state- ! 
ments true as they atfeet ihe trade of Lotiisiana, but what is infinitely worse, j 
tliis state of things was brongh.t about bj' the citizens themselves, who al- I 
most bankrupted both tlio city and the township to aid in the constrnctiou '! 
of two of the lines of railroad above mentioned. P.ut the wisdom of tlie cit- 
izens may yet save the city. Theyjiave long recognized their condition and ■'. 
have <rono to work to improve it. It is true tliev cannot extend their terri- j 
tory and bring i^nrchasers for their wares i'rom a distance; but they can and 'j: 
have to a considerable extent already chaTiged the character of their business 1 
and are now sending their own prodi^cts abroad. Instead of being satisfied ;j 
with a territory so circumscribed as to include no more than a single town- ^j 
ship, or so uinvise as to persist in trying to longer fatten upon eacli other, '1 
Lhey have estabiishcd t';i,ctories of different kinds and are now niaking the ;| 
entire country pa}' tribute to both their skill and enterprise. In this respect . -.^ 
Louisiana has rapidly improved and is destined, within the next decade, to . j 
develop into one of the finest manufacturing cities to be found in tlie whole 1 
region of the u})pcr Mississi]>pi. Situated in one of the finest wheat grow- ■] 
ing districts to be found in the country; in the very center of the best to- j 
bacco lands in the state; contiguous to the coal fields of Illinois; with an 'i 
abundant supply of wood and water, and with unsurpassed shipping facilities . 4. 
to all the markets of the country or the world, there is no reason why the | 
prediction of lier future prosperity in this direction should not be fully re- 
alized. « 

We pro])Ose nov/ to notice somewhat in detail tluj manufacturing inter- 
ests of the city, also the schools and religious organizations, with her civic 
societies and other enterprises of public interest. 


• The extensive yards of this company are located about one mile north of 
the city limits. These yards were established here in 1873 by the late Gov. 
C. C. Washburn and others, all of whom were residents of La Crosse, Wis- 
consin. The business was at first conducted upon a comparatively small 
scale, but some years ago Col. G. A. Bulfum was appointed to iheir control, 
and under his management the business has constantly and steadily in- 

■•■ '1 



creased, until at this time the yards are regarded as among the largest and 
best on the npper Mississipi. From them are now sent out annually many 
million feet of excolloiil lumbci which find.- its market in western Missouri 
and the state ol' Kansas. For the last few years Mr. "Washburn was the 
sole proprietor and the hunber was supplied from his extensive mills at La 
Crosse. Since his deatli, v^hieh occurred at Hot Springs, Arkansas, about 
one year ago, this immense property is held by his estate, but continues as 
before to be operated by Col. ]>ufl'am. In connection with these yards is 
a large and valuable planing mill which is adapted to the manufacture of 
every character of lumber for building or other purposes. These yards in 
connection wiih the mill furnish employment to a great number of men, 
and both receive and disburse during the year many thousands of dollars 
which go to sustain the other business interests of Louisiana. 


This company was incor})orated June 1, ISSl. The incorporators were 
W. C. Freeman, xV. C. Sheldon, H. S. Hart, and F. D. Flye. The nucleus of 
this business is to be found in the efforts of Mr. I'reeman as early as ISTS 
v/hen he commenced to manufacture in quite a small way, arid in the same 
year he invented a wooden scoop, suitable for grocers' use, which subse- 
quently, July 10, 1 878, and February 25, 1879, he had patented. These 
scoops grev.- into a ready sale. The fact that they were not steamed and bent 
was thought to make them superior to others in use, and the demand for 
thera gradually became greater and greater, so that in ISSl the above com- 
pany was organized for their manufacture, as also to carry on the box manu- 
facturing business. Mr. Freeman was made president of the company; A. 
C. SheldoTi, secretary; R. S. Hart, treasurer; and Frank D. Flye, manager. 

They at once increased their facilities for manufacturing by building a 
commodious factory on the bank of the river in the northern portion of the 
city. To the manufacture of scoops, boxes and shipping cases were added. 
I'his con-j])any ncAV employs not less than twenty-five hands, and very soon 
a larger number will be required. Soon after the organization of the. com- 
pany, Mr. Freeman purchased Mr. Hart's interest, and since then H. T^. 
iSc "W. O. Gray have bought out Mr. Sheldon. Under the new organization 
the ofhcors are "W. C. Freeman, president; H. L. Gray, secretary; W. O. 
Gray, treasurer; aud Frank D. Flye, manager. The trade of the company 
is rapidly increasing and they contemplate, in the early spring, to very much 
enlarge their factory and thus prepare to meet the heavy and growing de- 
mand for their i.'-oods. „'■ ■• • . . ■■ . ■■ 




This foundry was established in ls73 by W. C Freonian and "William E. 
Jackson, under the lirni name of Freeman t^c Jackson. Tlioy first commenced 
operations in a siuall bnildinij; on the corner of Fourth and Tennessee 
streets, [u the following yetir Mr. Jackson retired from the firm, since 
which time Mr. Freeman-lias conducted the business alone. So successful 
has been the venture that although the building has been much enlarged 
it is now iuiidequate to the business done, and additioPial room will veiy 
600U have to be supplied. There is found here all the machinery necessary 
for successfully conducting the foundry and nuicliine business and the man- 
ufacture of steam engines, saw and grist mills, etc., constitute a part of the i 
work of this establishment. From ten to twenty hands are constantly cm- ! 
ployed according to the business in hand or the urgency required in turning ■ 
out the work. ' 1 

• -I 


■ This foundry was started as early as 1857, by Thomas F. 'Ulntney, the -j 

present proprietor. It is located on the corner of Sixth and Kentucky i 

streets, has a general outfit for all kinds of work usually done at an estab- | 

lishment of tliis character, and is principally devoted to hydraulic and en- '; 

gine work. Mr. AVhitney, the proprietor of this foundry, is well known all I 

over the country as a machinist of superior knowledge and skill, and much i 

of his time is takeu in putting in place'the machinery of mills, factories, etc. ) 

His thorough acquaintance with his business and his general reputation as i 

an honest and efficient workman has brought him much work from abroad, | 

which has always given the best character of satisfaction to all his employ- ; 

ers. He .employs from ten to fifteen hands and is usually busy during the | 

entire year. Like the foundry of Mr. Freeman this establishment is of in- | 

calculable benefit to the city ot Louisiana, with all her other factories, and • 

is a source of great convenience and benefit to all the people of this portion \ 
of the county. 


Under its present manac'ement this factorv date? back no further than i 

' ^ " j 

ISSO, although th.e business has been conducted at the same place since | 

1S66. In the latter year W. II. Glenn, John T. Overall, and Lewis J. Clark, 

commenced the manufacture of tobacco here and conducted the business 

until ^(ovember 15, ISGS, when the building was burned. It was, however, 

rebuilt in ISGO, when Glenn and Overall remained in the firm, and John 

■; ' ->! 1 •, 


G. [Myers became, by pm-clmse, tlie successor of Mr. Clark. In 1872 Mr. 3 

Glenn drov,- out of tlie business, and in 1874 ^Ir. Overall also retired, leav- t 

ing Mr. Myers tlie sole ])ro})rictoi'. In 1870 Stuiirt Carkeuer and David | 

A. Stewart became associated with ^Ir. Myers, and in ISSO tlie entire busi- j 

ness was sold to McCunc, Fahner, and Knif.;ht. For two years this com- ] 

pany continued to o})erate the factoi'y, man ut'actu ring some snpei'ior brands | 

of tobacco and fin<ling for their goods a ready sale in the difltrent mar- f 

kets of the country. In January, 1SS3, this fictory and the one lately | 

conducted by L. Tinsley & Sons were consolidated under the name and i 

style of L. Tinsley Tobacco Company, and now constitutes one of the I 

strongest loanufacturing interests to be found in the city. These parties | 

have ample capital for the successful prosecution of their ijumense busi- 1 

ness, and several of the gentlemen connected witli tlie factory are men of I 

large experience in both the manufacture and sale of this character of | 

goods. Immense capital is invested here, a great number of men, women, I 

and children are employed, and a heavy demand made upon the box | 

factory for the necessary packages in which to press and ship their goods. | 

The factory is situated on the corner of South Carolina and Water streets, | 

and was during the winter of 1882-3 very muck enlarged, and new machin- | 
ery of the finest quality and sufiicient to meet the demands of the business 
was put in. With the additional machinery of the fiactory of L. Tinsley & 
Sons to draw from, as occasion may require, we very much doubt whether 
there is a company in all this portion of the state that has superior facili- 
ties for making goods of all grades and prices, adapted to the wants of evpry 
section of our immense country, have the gentlemen who control the 
factory in question. 


In 1878 Mr. Samuel Reid began the manufacture of smoking tobacco, 
and conducted the business alone until 1S79, when A. J. McCune and W. 
X. Tinsley became associated with him under the firm name of Samuel 
Reid & Co. hi 1SS2 the present company organized as the Sam IJeid 
Tobacco Manufacturing Company, with the following officers: A. J. Mc- 
Cunc, president; Fred Dant, of Muscatine, Iowa, vice-president; W. X. 
Tinsley, secretary; and Samuel Reid, general manager. The above-named 
parties constitute all the stockhuldcrs. In 1S81 the company purchased the 
large stone building known as the Alexander mill, situated on the west side 
of Third and between Georgia and Tennessee streets, and supplied it with 
the latest and best machinery for the manufacture of smoking tobacco. 



TiiC}' had co.pncity I'or iiboitt tlireo tliousand pounds per dii}', and were usii- 
allj kept running almoi>t to the extent oi" their ca])acity in order to 8U])ply 
a large and growing trade. 1 heir goods had becoiric justly popular, 
especially the well known and favorite "Joe Bowers" brand, and thoy 
found ready sale in the states of Missouri, Iowa, Ivansas, is'^ebraska, and 
I'exas, while occasional s]ii])inents wei-e nunle to Minnesota, "Wisconsin, 
Colorado, and also to the extreme southern states, as Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama, and Georgia. On the night of the 2d of January, 18S3, this fac- 
tory burned, and the company sustained a severe loss, but it is understood 
that the insurance, $21,500, will be used to supply other machinery, and 
that in a comparatively short time the factory will again be numbered with 
the leading industries of the city. ... 


These works v,ere established in 1876, by S. 0. and W. J. Hassler. They 
are located on the northwest corner of Second and Tennessee streets. Be- 
sides manufacturing about three thousarjd barrels of pure apple vinegar 
annually, this firm also produces considerable quantities of " relined cider," 
which, like their vinegar, is easily sold in tlie best markets of the country. 
They are also fruit aiid produce brokers, and ship thousands of barrels of 
apples and great quantities of other fruits to the cities of the north, as well 
as supplying portions of Illinois and Kansas with the splendid fruit of Pike 
county. , .^ .,..,:; ... 


This factory for the maiiufacture of cigars was lirst organized in 1860 by 
George Marzolf and Joh.n Seibert, under the firm name of Marzolf tfc Sei- 
bert. For seventeen years they continued to do business under the above 
name, but in 1S7T the firm name was changed to Seibert & Co., Mr. Marzolf 
being a silent partner. This factory employs seventeen hands constantly. 
and manufactures annually about seven hundred and fifty thousand cigars, 
many of which are used by the citizens of Louisiana. The factory i.^; on 
Jlie corner of Main and Geoi-gia streets. 


The business out of which f>-rown the above-named colossal manufac- 

turing company was first established in the year 1862 by E. C. Bright and j 

Addison Tinsley, under the firm name of Bright d' Tinsley, and for two i 

years was very successfully conducted by these gentlemen. In 1864 | 



054 ■ lilSTOliY OF PIK). COUNTY. 

Mr, Briprht jsold out his interest, and the style of tlie firm was then cliaii^'cd 
to A. & L. Tinslcj, but at the end of one year E, C. JJriglit a^aiu became a 
partner, wlieu th(; name of tiie coni])any ^\■as changed to Tinsloy, l^right «fe 
Co. The above co-partnership continued i'or the space of eighteen months, 
wlieu both L. Tinsloy and Mr. Bright retired J'rora the firm and were suc- 
ceeded by William M. Yanl.orn and Ilngh Allen, and the firm name 
changed to I'inslcy, A'anhorn cV>: Co. Tlicse jiarties continued business to- 
gether until the fall of 1S07, when their factory was burned, together with 
two others of the same character — those of Glenn, Overall S: Co., and J. N. 
Henderson & Co, tlie fire originating in the last named establishment. For 
ten months Addison 1'insky was Jiot engaged in business, but oji the '20th 
day of September, 1 SOS, he commenced again, and under his own name, 
and continued alone for twenty-eight months, when his son-in-law, Jy. J. 
McCunc, was admitted to a partnership with him and the name of the firm 
became A. Tinsley & Co. In IST') or IbTl \V. iS. Tinsley was taken into 
the firm, the style of the same undergoing no change, and they coutiuued 
business, with tlie three partners named, until January 1, 1883. At this 
time a stock company was formed under the name and style of the Addison 
Tinsley Tobacco Manufacturing Company, and at the same time the firm 
admitted A. M. Tinsley as a partner or stockholder. In 1877 A. Tinsley 
& Co. bought the interest of E. C. Bright in' the factory which had been 
conducted by L. Tinsley and Bright, under the firm name of Tinsley ife 
Bright, since their withdrawal from the old firm of Tinsley, Bright ^^ Co., 
and continued to operate with L. Tinsley at his factory under the name of 
A. Tinsley 6z Co. for the period of six years, when they, A. Tinsley e^ Co., 
withdrew andleft factory Xo. 39 in the possession and under the manage- 
ment of L. Tinsley c*^" Sons. During this lime A. Tinsley & Co. were also 
running their factory (iSTo. 5) proper, and their connection with L. Tinsley 
was only with the view of enlarging their general business. At this time 
tliej' confine their o})erations to one factory, and with a very commodious 
building, the best machinery, and a long and valuable experience in the de- 
tails of the business, they are enabled to manufacture goods of a vei-y su- 
perior quality and in quantities- to meet the demand of their extensive trade. 
They retain all their old and popular brands, such as "Addison Tinslcy's 
Fine Diamond, S(juare and Compass, Missouri Leaf, Royal Twist, Pre- 
mium Natural Leaf, Hard Pressed Natural Leaf, Tinsley's Best, and Fine 
X." This factory now produces from 500,000 to 600,000 pounds annually, 
and it is sold from one ocean to the other, while in city, town, and hamlet, 
these well known goods can be found and purcliased. Missouri once used 

V ,v,l 


about seveii-cightiis of the product of this factory, but its fame has gone be- 
yoiul the limits of our eoinmonwealth, and 'J'c.xas now ]cin]> all the states in 
the amount of its |iuic!iases and sales of these superior biands. About tlie 
lar^iiest manufacturing interest of the city, it is of incalculable advanta"-e 
to the material interest of Louisiana, 


It was not until ISTO that the public schools of Louisiana attained to any 

prominence among the educational interests of the county. Prior to that l] 

time the private school, of a liigher or lower grade, had been made to meet '| 

the wants of the children. In' the year named, however, a magnificent pub- ' 

lie school building, three stories high and containing twelve Hpaoious rooms, i 

was erected at a cost of s20,000, and a full and competent corps of teacliers fi 

was employed. The first session begun Se].nember 12, 1870, with Prof. "l 

Watso?i Fc>?ter as snperinrendenfc and with a full attendance of the vouth of ':! 

the city. From some cause the full expectations of the citizens were not .': 

met, and Prof. George L, Osborne, now of tlie AVarrensburg JS'ormal, became '1 

Mr. Foster's successor. Prof. Osborne remained in charge for several years, ■] 

and during; his administration the school was very snccessfullv conducted j 

and gained a reputation second to no school of like character in this portion '\\ 

of the state. Prof. White succeeded Osborne, and was followed in turn by •^' 

Prof. H. M. Hamill, who taught for several years, when Prof. J. J. Nelson, -; 

the present efficient superintendciit, was elected. Since the time at ^\■hicll •: 

Prof. Osborne assumed control, under whose very able management the citi- .' 

zens appear to think it attained its highest excellence, the school has been \ 

so well ofhccred and so successfully conducted tliat it is now generally con- ' 

ceded to be the best institution of learninrc within the limits of Pike county. : 

i or a number of years the attendance has ranged from seven hundred and ] 

fifty to nine hundred pupils, and twelve regular teachers have usually been i 
employed. Among those who have taught here and who liave more than a 

local re{>utation, may be mentioned the names of Mrs. 0. N. Hoss, now at ; 

Marshall, Missouri; Mrs. Gough, now superintendent of the Unionville { 
schools; Mrs. Sisson and Miss Mollie Templeton. Misses ]^[ary Harris and 

Ada Turner, both of whom now occupy good positions in tl)e schools of ! 
Omaha, Nebraska, were also once connected with the faculty of the scliool 
of Louisiana. Dr. Sliannou, late superintendent of ])ublic instruction of the 
state, is at this time the principal of the high school, and is doing work of 
the most substantial and satisfactory character. The curriculum is similar 
to that of eastern academies or of our best western local 'collc'i'es, and 

V L ; ' ) 

. :/ 


piifficicntly comprclionsive to prepare tlie pii]>'i] for admission into some of 
the iiniversitied of the connlrj. The school buildijig is well furnislied with 
comfortable seats, teachers' desks, snituble and abundant blackboards, witli 
(uome cliarts, ma|)5, etc., and ajipai atus of such a character as t<> at least par- 
tially meet tiie wants of both teacher and pnpil. Tiie school has a librHry 
of over two thou.cand carefully selected volumes, which is bein<^ incre;isod 
from year to year, and whicli, nridcr the sn]>ervision of the superintendent, 
is free to the pupils. The people of Louisiana are justly proud of their 
school and are liberal in its support, imposing upon theiuselves a voluntary 
tax, sufficient, vrith the little aid received from the state, to conduct the 
school for not less than eight months of eacli year. The school is at this 
time, notwithstanding some recent irregularities in the liigh school, the 
probable result of previous bad discipline, said to be in a very llourishing 
condition, and with an attendance in excess of that of any previous year. 


There is in tlie city a school for colored children which is said to be 
lar<relv attended and vers'' fairly conducted. The house is commodious, the 
furniture and other pretequisites ample, and the teachers well qualified for 
the discharge of the duties of their several stations. J. M. Fisher, a colored 
man of considerable scholastic attainments, is at the head of the school, and 
under his successful control, it is said to be unusually prosperous. 

m'cunf, college. 

This institution v. as first organized as Pardee College in ISCS, and was for 
several years under the control of liev. John McAfee, and was conducted 
under tlie auspices of the Old School I'resl'vterians. The enterprise v/as 
Dot a success, and the building v/hich they had purchased, on the corner of 
Seventh and South Carolina streets, was sold to the Baptists in ISTl, and 
Eev. J. T. AV^illiams was employed to conduct the school. Under the new 
management it succeeded but little better than before, and the denomina- 
tion failing to properly sustain the school, those most largely interested 
thouglit it prudent to sell the property, which was accordingly done in ISSl, 
when A. J. McCune, one of the stockhoklcrs under the Baptist regime, be- 
came the purchaser, and tlie school now took his name, being called AlcCune 
College. At the time of the change the school was incorporated, v.'ith A. 
J. McCune as pre.-ident, W. M. White, secretary, and xV. Slaughter, treas- 
urer. The other corporate members are the ministers of the Baptist Church 
of the county, together with some of the intluential lay members of the 
same denomination. There are three or four teachers connected with the 




academic dcpurtmt'iit of the school, besides several who perform the ])cr- 
ftiMCtory duties of superintendent, matron, etc. The scliool is still rc,<^ardcd 
ii)i a La})tlst institntiutij and L;is rcH'eived from llio members of this denomi- 
nation a barge majority of v.hat pupils now attend it. Mi". A. t'laugjiter, 
the treasurer of the board, is at this time acting as principal of the school. 


This church was not or(i; in Louisiana until October 1, 1S51. Pre- 
vious to this time tlie tew members then residuiit in the city met and wor- 
shiped with the congregation at Huli'alo churcli, some four miles south of 
Louisiana. At the date above mentioned, llev. W. F. Cochran, wlio lived 
at West Ely, north of Hannibal, rude on horsebach from his home to Louis- 
iana and preached to the membership of five who liad been oi'^anized into 
a cluirch. Of these five there was but one male member, John I). Wood. 
The Methodi-;ts now tendered the Presbyttrians the use of their house which 
was gratefully accepted and occupied until the time when their present 
cluirch, situated on South Carolina street, was built. The first stated supply 
was the Kev. L M. Paxson, under whose ministry the church was really 
orgaiiized. He }>reaehed for six months, until September, lS5i^, when Kev. 
G. W. Ash succeeded him, and officiated until October, 1S54. Itev. David 
Irwin followed Mr. Ash and remained until October, 1S57, when Pev, Eli 
P. Smith was installed as pastur in April, 1S5S, and served the church until 
18G1, when ]iev. George Yan became the pastor and preaelied until 1SG4, 
when the stated supply was liev. S. W. i^Iitchell for one year. A short 
time after this Pev. John A. McAfee was installed as pastor and filled the 
pulpit until July, ISTO, when Pev. Eli J>. Smith was recalled as pastor and 
c.-ntinued in charge until 1;'.- death in ISTi?. The pastors since that time 
have been II. K. SlcComb, from January, 1S73, until April, 1S77; Rev. S. 
IP Williams, from May, 1S77, to April, ISSl; and the present pastor, Pev. 
I). ]\. Campbell, who commenced his Labors here in March, PSS2. The first 
ruling elder of this church Vv-as John D. Ivnox. 'J'he organization now is 
Rev. D. K. Campbell, pastor; William Armstrong, Dr. IP P. Putts, A. 
McMoore, Edward Hesser, Dr. J. T. Pell, and George Reid, ruling elders; 
Stuart Carkener, Samuel Peid, and Ebenezer Oaks, deacons; Dr. II. B. 
Putts, clerk oi' the session; and Stuart Carkener, superintendent of the sab- 
bath-school. Tiie present membership numbers about seventy-five com- 
nuinicants. Erom a small beginning this church has grown into a strong 
Christian organization and now has among its members some of the most 
ii'.fluential and deservinii; citizens of the town. 

V ••» 

h • 


658 ' HISTORY OF PiKK COUNTY. ^ *'■.•■ 


This churcli was orf^anJzod Marcli' 2<>, 1S53, with tiic following conBtitnt- 
ing members. Charles Bacon and wife, John J. Gibson and wife, W. D. 
Henry and wife, A. ]J. jjandrnni and wife, (reo. W. Peay and wife, J. II. 
Fry and wife, Josiah IJavncs and wife, John Todd and wife, John E. Wise 
and wife, J. E. I nlow and wife, David Emerson and v/ife, Thomas Smith 
and wife, Foster Ilill and wife, William L. Carr, Mary F. ]\[orton, 
Eliza BarL-er, Lillitlia Gibson, Cyntha Vratson. Ann Meyers, Martha Pugh, 
Mary Penning, and Martha iMilroy. Geo. W. Peay and Josiah IIa\nes 
were elected the first deacons and 'Mr. Peay was also chosen to act as clerk, 
which position he held from 1853 nntil 1867, a period of fourteen years. 
The first regular pastor was Ilev. Ja^. V. Smith, wlio svas called in December, 

Services were for a while held in private houses, but after a little time 
John D. "Wood offered the use of his school-building v/hich was accepted 
and the congregation inet and worshiped here until they built their 
house, or at least until the basement was ready for use which was in May, 
1854. Tlieir church-house is a substantial brick structure, situated on the 
corner of Seventh and Georgia streets. Tiie church was completed and ded- 
icated late in the summer of 1.S.>1. In 1SC4 there was a division in the church 
growing out of dissensions occasioned by the war, and a ])art of the congre- 
gation withdrew and formed what was known as the Second Baptist Church 
of Louisiana. In December, ISGf), the Second Baptist Church dissolved and 
its menibers were again received back into the congregation of t'^e first 
church. During the long interval since its organization this church has 
had a good many pastors, the names of vvhom we submit below: Kev. J. 
F. Smiih, from 1853 to 1854; liev. ^1". M. Modisett from 1854 to 1857; 
Pev. Suiith again, from 1857 to 1859; Rev. J. T. Williams, from 1859 
to 18G0; Pev. H. M. King, from August, 1860, to ^March, 1862; Rev. J. 
B. Fuller, from March, 1862, to April, 1864. The church now had no 
pastor until 1867, when Rev. A. F. Randall occu])ied the pulpit for 
a few months, and in May, 1868, Rev. R. Gibson accepted a call and served 
until August, 1871. licv. James Biggs was in charge from 1872 till 1875, 
J.T. Williams from October, 1875, until June, 1870, when Rev. Wm. Tipton, 
served from January, 1880, until January, 1SS2, and now the Rev. Mr. 
Kemper is the preaclier in charge. The present deacons are D. J. Milroy, 
J. E. Rowley, A. J. McCune, and A. Slaughter. The church has a present 
membership of 143 communicants and is also a working and spiritually 
minded body of Christians. 



/'. 1 J 

iVJll 1 




The Lonislana congregalion of the CiniibcrlaiHl rreslwterian Churcli v.'ae 
organized in February, 1S55, by Ilevs, James W. Campbell and E. D. Pear- 
son. By an order of Salt "River Presbytery, October, 1851, llcv. E. }). 
Pearson was sent to Louisiana to organize a congregation and to build a 
church house. For twelve months pi'ior to this tiirje llev. James W. 
Campbell had been preaching to the few Cumberland Presbyterians in the 
town one sabbatli in each month, and had occupied for this purj)05e the 
pulpit of the M. E. Church South. The organization as effected by Pevs, 
Campbell and Pearson consisted of but nine members. David McAlister, 
James "W. Smith, and John AI. Pussell were elected theruliiig elders of the 
congregation. In a protracted meeting held during the month of February, 
1855, twenty-live or thirty new members were added to the church. In the 
summer of 1S55 the church lionse was erected, and dedicated at the meeting 
of tiie synod in the October following, Pev. J. .B. Mitchell, then president of 
McGec College, preaching the dedicatory sermon. Pev. E. D. Pearson contin- 
ued to preach to the church until June, ISGl. Pev. J. W. Campbell now sup- i 
plied the church wuth pi-eaching for several months and until the time of the 1 
employment of Pev. W. D. Mahan, who continued to serve the church as pas- | 
tor for the period of more than three years. In the spring ot 1SG7 Pev. E. J 
D. Pearson was again employed as the pastor and has been continued until J 
the present time, having served the church for more than twenty-one years. I 
The congregation, has had but three ministers tilling its pulpit as their ] 
pastors duririg the twenty-eight years of its organized existence. This con- "^i 
gregation has had its seasons of trial as all others ha\ e doubtless experienced. 1 
Its growth has been gradual and permanent. From the time of its organi- 1 
zation it has elected thirteen ruling elders. It now has -five acting as eld- ] 
ers. It has received into the communion of the church four hundred and 
eighty persons, and has a present membership of one hundred and thirt}'- j 
five. Within the time of its existence this church has lost eighty mem- 
bers by the hand of death. It has maintained preaching, sabbath-school, 
and prayer-meeting regularly, and lias been blessed with many seasons of 
revival. . ^ . ' . 


The first organization of a Alethodist Church in Louisiana is supposed by 
the citizens to have occurred about the year 1S30 and under or during the 
ministry of Pev, Andrew Monroe. Meetings were first held in private resi- 
dencesj afterwards in old Masonic Hall, and then in the school-house. 

r. ,; ' 


/ .■•:■ ; J^ I ) 

I ' 





Among tlie earliest members are remembcreil the names of Jil. ^Vatson and 
wife, David AVatson and wifo, Col. John E. Allen and wife, Ivy Znmwalt 
and wife, John j^asyo and wife, and Mrs, Betty Peiry. hi 3 837 this little 
congregation wa^: angmetitod by the addition of J. S. ^laricley, a local 
preacher, L. iS'^ewnian, another local preacher, and wife, and Edward Dra- 
])er and wife. About this time a prayer-meeting v/as held at the house of L, 
Newman, which resulted in a determination to hold the^c meetings daily, 
and oat of these, in connection with the preaching of Ilev. Daniel T. Sherman, 
the preacher in charge, grew a i-evival which resulted in the addition of 
thirty members to the church. In 1S39 steps were taken to build a church 
at the foot of J^Fain street, on the west side of the same. A brick church 
was erected liere under the superintendency of David Wat.-on. When it 
had been in use about three years, and while still in an unfinished condition, 
the church fell down. In 184-i- another attempt was made to build a church, 
a frame, on the same lot. When it had bcesi partially enclosed it was blown I 
down. In 164.5, nothing daunted by past failures, the members again went I 
to work and put up a brick church on the same foundation n})on which the | 
other two had been built, .".nd the building is in use to-day as a tenement 
house. The ofHcial board of the church at this time was composed of John 
E. Allen, Hayden Gentry, David Watson, John E. Markley, L. Kewman, 
Joseph CharleviUe, John Schwimmer, Ivy Znmwalt, and T. T. Bake. 

In 18-44 or 1845 the division occurred in the Methodist Church, and thia 
congregation, falling within the lines of the southern branch, became, by 
mutual consent, the M. E. Church South. They continued to use the house 
at the foot of ^lain street until 1854, when they built the brick church on 
the corner of Fourth and South Carolina Streets, which was soon after dedi- 
cated by D. P.. McAnaily, D. D., of Si. Lords. In 18G1, on account of 
troubles engendered by the war, a part of the members, while not formally 
withdawino;, went into what thev termed ••a union association," Amono' 
these were Edwin Draper, Philander Draper, Daniel Draper, J. S. Markley, 
Charles Hunter, Joseph S. Barnum, T. J. C. Eagg, William Vanhorn, P. 
. S.^Strother, Ilobert Allison, Jesse Gentry, Joseph CharleviUe, H. Haley, 
Fr^ink Haley, and Robert Owens, with their families. Out of this associa- 
tion trrew the Xorthern ]\rethodist Church of Louisiana. It is due to state, 
however, that several wdio had gone into the "association'"' returnt^d to the 
Church South when the object of organizing a new church was disclosed. 

The ]^[ethodist Episcopal Church xsorth was organized in 1SG3, under the 
jninistry of Pcv. Wm. Demott, and was received into the conference of that 
body by Bishop Ames on June the '20th of tliut year. At this time Bishop 

'f' i:i>'i -.'SI 

I t , 


'/ ]'. 

CITY OF LOUl-^lANA. 661 

Anjes iilso fonucd a presiding elder's district, to bo ciiled the Louisiana 
Disiiiet, aiid to embrace tlio territory silnated between the Missouri River 
and th.e Ili'nnibal c^c St. Jo(3 liailroad. Amou;^' the con3titutin<j^ members 
of this cluircli we find the n.imes of Rev. !N. Shumate, P. K.; Rev. William 
Demott, pastor; R. S. Strother, class leader; C, G. Hunter and Edward 
Draper, stewards; T. J. C. Fagg, J, S. Marklev, Samuel Griix^^s, Robert 
Owns, J. Cbarleville, J. M. Gentry, J. S. Rarnam, John Schwinnner, and 
E?:ra Gibson. These, v;illi their families, agi;reirated 102 members, with 
which the chnrch was orL'anized. After their organization they worshiped 
for quite a while in the M. E. Church South, pending the suit which they 
had instituted for the property. The supreme court, however, awarded the 
property to the M. E. Cliurch South, when the other wing withdrew, and 
thereafter, for a season, worshiped in the Presbyterian church, the use of 
which had been kindly offered them. In ISGT they built ihe brick church 
on ti'.e coriier of Seventh and Teunes-ee streets, v.hei-e they have since con- 
tinued to conduct tiieir services. 

The present organization of the AI. E. Church South is as follows: Rev. 
John A. Beagle, pastor; \V. X. Tinslcy, T. P. Cubberly, Dr. E. Crutcher, 
J. A. Estes, and W. O. Gray, official board; W. O. Gray, recording stew- . 
ard; W. II. Morrow, superintendent of sabbath-school. And of the M. E. 
Church North as follows: Rev. J. C. Horn., pastor;- F. C. Haley, John 
Lake, J. W. Dreyfus, J. X. Frier, W. M. Brovv'n, board of stev/aids; FI. W. 
Lake, W. E. Jackson, Philander Draper, R. L. Foster, John Gamble, John 
N-. Frier, J. W. Dreyfus, F. C. Haley, trustees; J. X. Frier, superintendent 
of sabbath-school. Membership one hundred and sixty-eight, with twenty 


The Christian Church in Louisiana, Missouri, was organized by Elders 
Jeremiah Lancaster and Sandy Jones in 1837. Its iirst meetings were held 
in the court-house, and in Schwimmer's vacant log store room, on the corner 
of Main and Georgie streets. The original members were five in number; 
viz., Mrs. Minerva Luce, Mrs. Catharine Ruggles, ]\[rs. Dr. Gorin, Miss 
Attella Jackson, and Jno. T. Folks. Three of the charter members are still 
living; viz., Airs. Luce, Mrs. Rugfjles, and Mrs. Parnard, the latter being 
Miss Jackson in 1:^3T. Elders Jones and Lancaster preached frequently for 
the church during ihe years 1837-8. The place of worship was Scwhimmer's j 

store room. The place of worship was changed in 1S39 to Luce's ware- .j 

house on the levco, near South Carolina street; then to ihe court-house, on j 


-.i- 1 ■> .1 


Tliird street; aud fi2;ain, al)Ont IS45, to the puMic school-liousG on Geor^^'ia 
street near Fifth street. The ti)ini.--tcrs who did the preachinc; for this 
chiircdi from the date of it^ ori2;.inization, iti 1S3T, to tlic date of tlie build- 
ing of the present house of worship, in 1850, in clironological order were 
Sandy Jones, Jeremiah Lancaster, Jacob Creatli, Jr., Samuel S. Church 
(then a. youth), Dr. J. W. Jhighes, and Jose|)h J. Errctt. The two latter 
lived in Payncsville, Missouri, and preached monthly in Louisiana. ]n 
1S15 Elders Jaeob Creath and George AVaters held a meeting at. which 
Julius 0. Jackson and his wife Harriet Jach?on united with the church. 
Capt. George l-Jarnard, Isaac N. IJryson, and AVilliam Luce v/ere baptized 
and united with the church at the same time. In 1S46 Mrs. J. E. Carstar- 
phen (then Miss Belinia Jaclrson), Joseph Earnett, Jaco!) Linder, and George 
Young became members of this cliurch. The present house of worship was 
completed in IbbO. Julus 0. Jackson and Wiiliaiu Luce were the trustees 
and building C'>raniittce. The.-o and Capt. George Barnard were the chief 
contributors ro the building fund. J-'resident Alexander Canjpbeil of Beth- 
any', Virginia, visited Louisiana in 1S51, and preached several times to the 
great enjoyment and er.couragement of the congregation. During the decade 
from 1S50 to JSC-.O ju-otracted meetings were held at various it^tervals by 
Dr. W. K. ITopsoa, Elders L. B. Wilkes, T. M. Allen, J. W. Burbridge, 
Peter Donan, Timothy Ford, George Watters, and Joseph J. Errett. Elder 
Joseph J. Errett of Paynesville preached monthly for the church in 185S- 
59-Gv). Elder Alpheus Brown was the resident minister fi:)r this church in 
1861-G2. Elder William Brown, known as "Billy Brown," of Illinois, 
visitied and preached for the church in 1863-64-. Elder J. I). Dawson loca- 
ted in Louisiana, in 1S62, as principal of an academy; lie also preached for 
the church occnsionally and has con.tinucd to minister to it, at intervals, to 
the present time (1SS3). Elder J. Creath held a noted meeting in 1S51-, at: 
wLIch there were fifty additions. It was his custom to hold a daily prayer- 
meeting at sunrise. Dr. "\V. H. Hopson, a few years later, in 1857, held a series 
of meetings that are still fresh in the memories of all who attended them. 
Elder Thomas M. Alien, of Columbia, Missouri, soon after the close of the war, 
held a grand union meeting, at which he succeeded in harmonizing the dis- 
cordant elements in the church, and restoring friendship and unity among 
its members. His vi.^jt is remembered as an epoch in the history of the 
church. Elder II. D. Clark of Pittstield, Illinois, held a successful meeting 
for the Church in March, lSG8,at which there were thirty or forty additions. 
In August, 1868, Clayton Iveith, having just graduated at Kentucky Univer- 
sity, and the The>.logic:il (or Bible) College, Lexington, Kentucky, began his 

•" ■•■■■• ■■■; :;)'• .J 

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ministry with this cluircJi, and continued until October, ISGO. During the 
year ot' his ministry the congregation was in a prosperous condition, num- 
herijig ?.00 members, about lOO of wliicli were added during the year. In 
1S70 and JS71 Elder H. D. Ch\rk, now of Baltimore, Maryland, was the 
resident minister of the cluircli. Elder Jesse IT. Eerry of Springfield, j 

]\!i&souri, wn= pastor of t]if> church for the years 187^^-73 -7J-. He Nvas sue- ! 

cceded by Elder D. P. Henderson in 1870, and he by Dr. II. II. Walling in j 

1S77 and 1S7S. Elder A. C. Walker v,-as the pastor during 18S1 and 1S82. ! 

At ])rescnt. (1883) the church is without a minister. The elders are Jno. 
J). Dawson, Jno. T. Paile, Jas. I. Nelson, and Clayton Keith. It cannot be | 

said of the church, at this writing, that it is in a highly prosperous con- j 

dition. It has a membership of 150. I 


The Episcopal Church of Louisiana was organized in 1853 or 1S54. Pre- ;] 

vious to J 87i^, when the first Episcopal church was built in Louisiana, the con- | 

grcgation worshiped in court-hall or over the old market-house of the city. j 

The Ilev. Jolai T. Worthlngton v/as the iirst ]>a5tor of this church and con- 1 

tinned to ofiiciate for a nuinber of years. The original or constituting j 

members were Col. P. T. Senteuej and wife, George Hind and wife, Sam- "j 

uel Lewis and wife, Col. N, P. Minor and wife, and a few others. I 

Like the church at Prairieville this organi/ation was seriously aflected by J 

the war, and not until the civil strife had ceased did they attempt anything ] 

in the interest of tlie church, further than an occasional service and the con- j 

duct of the sabbath-school. 1 

In 1867 ttiey again organized in the form of a }>arish at which time David j 

Steward, Col. D. P. Dyer and wife, and a few others, became connected with \ 

the organization. From this time until now regular services have been con- 
ducted and a regularly ordained minister has been in the employ of the 
church. Ilevs. Dr. Jennings, Mr. Webb, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Matran, and 
iJr. Curtis, the ])resent rector, have been employed in the order named. In 
1878 or about that time the church was moved from its old site to Georgia 
street, on the west side of Seventh street, and a neat and comfortable look- 
ing rectory was erected. 

The church is not numerically strong, but is apparently in a healthy S}»ir- 
itual condition, with a well conducted and well attended sabbath-school, 
vvhich has been long continued, and with every ])rospect of doing much to 
advance the well-being of those in whose midst it has been planted. 

iO Ui 

H: •> 

! : • . '.lit io 

1 ■ 'II. 



The families that furmoJ th,e nucleus for this churcli were lliose of Ed- 
ward Einerson, David Crider, F. A. Siuh'i and Mrs. Webber. 'J'hey first liad 
services as early a.- 1S4(^, and their ]ihices of asseinblin;^ for tliis piirpot^e 
were the sliop-^ and other buildings of tlie poor classes of tlie citizens. Father 
Lyon, of Alilvvoud, Lincoln county, \vas the priest who conducted these early 
services. Other Catholic families commenced to settle in Louisiana and its 
vicinity soon al'ter the year in^Tiied aboNO, and in 1850 Father Lyon bei;an to 
build a clmrch in the northern part of the city, which was called St. Pat- 
rick's, and in uhich they continued to worship until 1874. This was a wooden 
structure and its cost was comparatively triiiinui;, the land upon which it 
stood having been donated for tliis purpu.-e. I'Vtther Lyon ofliciateJ as pastor 
nntil ISoT, and was succeeded by Fathers r).''ady, Tennell, Haley, O'liagan, 
Cummings, Kam, and Murray. These continued to serve the church until 
1873, when Fatiier Gleasuu became pastor, and during his charge a fine 
brick strnctnre. known as St. Joseph's Catholic (^iiurch of Louisiana, was 
erected in the northern part of the city. This churcli was dedicated on July 
15, 1S74, by Kight Rev. Lishop P. J. Ryan, of St. Louis. Rev. Gleason 
ofFiciated until 1S75, when he was succeeded by Father Cahners, who re- 
mained until 1S77, when the Franciscans, of Quincj-, Llinois. took 
charge of the church and supplied its pulpit until 1SS2, when the bishop 
again took control of it, and sent the present pastor. Father John Hubert 
May. The membership of this church number at this time almost four 
hundred communicants. In September, ISSl, a parochial scliool was estab- 
lished, under the charge of the Lrsuline Sisters, with two teachers. Mother 
Juliana and Sister Stanislaus. Tlie attendance during the first academic 
year was more than one hundred ])upils. 


This lodge was organized under charter which bears date October 12, 
1847, the first officers were Philander Draper, W. M.; E. G. McQuIe, 
S. W.; and Theodore Letts, J. W. The names of all the cha'rter members 
we have been unable to obtain. The present officers are E. Pepper, W. M.; 
Alexander Owens, S. W.; and Martin Flegle, J. W. The lodge has at this 
time about sixty members, and befurea part of its membership withdrew to 
form Globe Lodge there were almost a hundred members in good standing in 
Perseverance Lodge. The lodge is represented as working pleasantly and 
harmoniously, and as being in a good and ilourishing condition. 

•>■■ •■ '<*> .- . . 


1 1. 


GLOni: LODGE NO. 4",)."), A. F. d: ,\. M. 

This lodge was granted its dispensation or charter in June, ISTO, at which 
time it was origan ixed. The lirst otliccr.s vv-ere C. J. Alkin.-, W. M.; }]. .11 
BntO, S. W.; V/. 11. Biggs, J. W.; 11. J. Hawkins, secretary; A. Tinsluv, 
treasurer; George Tyrrell, S. D.; Champ Clark, .J. J).; Ed. Glenn, tyler. 
This lodi>o was burnt out in Fcbruarv, 1SS2, losing everythinir exccnt 
one copy of their by-laws and the records, the lartc)- being in the sate of 
Mr, John C. Walters at the time. The prcseiit oliieers are W. W. Ander- 
son, ^V. M.; F. G. Baird, S. W.; Adam Wald, J. ^Y.; J. C. Walters, sec- 
retary; J. S. Barnrnn, treasurer; M. G. lleynold, S. D.; J. W. Mars./.n, J. 
D.; S. C. Orton, tyler. Tlie lodge is a strong one with no dissensions ex- 
isting among its members. 


Lodge Knights, of Bythias was organized August 13, 18S], by Grand 
Chancellor iiudurf of Si:. Louis. The constituting meuibers were O. C- Bry- 
son, J. M.Blodgctt, J. D. Bowman, Dr. E. Cruncher, \Y. E. Dowds, M. C. Far- 
ber, J. Frier. E. B. Fagg, J. W. Gunn, W. H. Glenn, H. L Hart, H. L. Mur- 
ray, J. L. ]^Jinor, M. G. Beynolds, Joe B. Beid, J. H. Beid, A. L. Stone, 

A. C. Sheldon, A. W. Wehrman. C. B. Wason, and L W. Basye. The Orst 
officers were A. C. Sheldon, C. C; Dr. E. Crutcher, V. C.; John Minor, 
K. of B. ct S.; aI. C. Favbcr. M. F.; O. C. Brys^l, Brel; H. L. Hart, M. 
of E.; A. W. AVehrman, M at A.; A. L. Stone, L G., C. B. Mason, O. G. 
The present -fficers are E. B. Fagg, C. C; A. W. Wehrman, V. C; B. B. 
Clemens, K. B. .l: S.; J. B. Beid, Brel; Abe L. Stone, M. of R; II. L. 
Hart, AL.of E. The lodge has thirty-seven members at this time and ic in a 
truly pro.sperous condition. 


The Louisiana Lodge K. of H. was in.stituted September 5, 1S70, by John 
M. Blodgett, deputy. The constituting members were Dr. S. B. Ayre^, 
Charles Bnrkh.ardt, M. B. Brown, J. Yl. Blodgett, H. 0. Draper. John ^.L 
Frier, J. D.' Godfrey, J. Vl. Gentry, AY. J. Howden, H. H. Jolmson, J. M. 
Lewis, A. ^vL Monnee, Carson Modissott. A. C. Sheldon, W. G. Tinsiey, C. 

B. YTalton, A. W. Welirman, and B. H. Williams. The first officers were 
A. C. Sheldon, dictator; Charles Burkhardt, Y. D.; A. W. Wehrman, 
A. D.; H. L. Murray, reporter; W. J. Howden. financial reporter; John .^. 
Frier, treasurer, X. 1'. Frown, chaplain; and A. W. Wehrman, A. C. Slicl- 


.;v -I-. ... 

••1 .^ ,i'' .<v ■ ■ 'J I,' .» 

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don, and J. ]N. Fi'ier, trustees. The pi'csent olliccrg nre X. J, Lynot, D.- 
E. T). Fagg, P. I).; 1). A. ikl!, Y. I).; J. Will Gunn, A. D.; Jolin 
C. AValtors, financial rc]»ortcr; W. A. Gnnn, rejiorter; R. II. "Williams, 
chaplain; W. JI. Glenn, S., and W. W. Anderson, A. W. Werhman, and 
W. 11, Glenn, trustees. The lodge numbers tit'ty-five members and lias dis- 
Lursed a ^n-eat deal of money in pa^-ing tlic death claims of tlie order, and 
^ thus have the mcml>ers been enabled to contribute to the necessities of the 
widovrs and orpiians of their deceased brethren. 



This lodge Avas organized in August, 1S7T, v.'ith twenty members. The 
present ofticers are A. Wald, president; M. Lesem, vice-president; Al. 
Morris, secretary; P. Zuzak, F. S. ; S. Michael, treasurer; M. Michael, 
monitor; H. Gensberger, warden. The stated meetings are held the first 
and third Sundays of each month. 


This place of bunal, designed for the menibers of the Catliolic families of 
Louisiana and vicinity, is situated one and oiie-fourth miles west of the 
limits of the city. It contains five and one-fourtli acres of land, is well 
fenced and suitably decorated with trees, flowers, and shrubs. It was sot 
apart for burial, purposes in 1878, and the first interments were Miss lihoda 
Snyder and Airs. Mary D. McCarty, made during this year. Since that 
time some forty graves have been made here, whose head-stones mark the 
last resting places of the pious dead. 


This is a beautiful plat of ground, containing perhaps a little less than an 
acre of land, and located just north of and immediately u]«on the Louisiana 
<!;' Bowling Green Gravel lioad and about two miles west of the city. It is 
called -'Kodef Shole!^.-' the Hebrew furlioad to Peace.' It is entered throuo-h 
an arched g*iteway over which is inscribed in Hebrew "Shaare Sholem," and 
in English the translation, '-Gates of Peace.'' It was set apart for burial 
purposes by the Hebrew Society liodef Sholem in the summer of 1871. 
The first interment made was Katie, a little daughter of Ferdinand Fishell. 
The interments now number about thirty, and the graves are beautifully 
kept, while the grounds give evidence of the respect which our Jewish 
neighbors cher-'sh for the memorv of their dead. 

I. ri'i-i i 





William Wilsftii Anderson, attorney at law, is a native of Virginia. | 

Jle was born at P^rcilericksbnrjT', Ano-nst 10, ISIO, Ris father, James L. ; 

Aiulcrso]!, was a native of England, anJ his inoUier (Idilfred A. Allen) was j 

a descendant of an old VirL'inio family, father died in 185], and in the i 

following year his mother removed with the iamilv to Missouri and settled | 

at Louisiana, where he began to attend the public school, in which the rudi- I 

mcnts of liis education were received. In ISoO he went to Hannibal, Mis- ' ] 
«ouri, to live witli his guardian, his Uncle George xVlleri, witli whom ho ~J 

lived until 1SG5, and during that time he was sent to the Van Ilenssalear | 

Academy, in Ealls county, Missouri, where he laid the foundation for a \ 

substantial English and classical education arid prepared himself for col- j 

lege.. In 1SC':< he entered the senior class of Eclhany College, West Vir- .] 

ginia,and graduated as A. E. in 1S66; after which he returned to Missouri | 

and accepted a position as a teacher in the Van Eenssaiear Acadeuiy for i 

one year, leaving this positioii to become principal of the Louisiana public • 

schools for one term. In IStiS he began the study of law in the office ot j 

liobert A. Campbell, at Bowling Green, and in September, after passing 1 

the required examination, he was admitted to the bar. He then established i 

himself in the city of Louisiana, which lias since been his home; and where ] 

he is not only recognized as a prominent member of the Eiko county bar, 1 

but an energetic public man and wide awake to the growth and prosperity 
of the city. In 1870 he was elected city attorney. In 1874- lie was elected 1 

a member of the city council, and has been re-elected and served every term .^ 

since, and for tlie past six years ha^ been prosideut pro tem. of the council • 

and cliairman of the finance committee. In 1877, the city being burdened 
with a bonded indebtedness that retarded its growth., the council appointed a 
committee, of which he was chairman, to compromise with the bondholders, 
the most of the work falling on him. A settlement was efl'ectcd, reducing 
the debt nearly one-half and the interest from ten t(» six per cent, and the 
time of payment fr-.m five to twenty years. In 1872 he married Cornelia 
E. Vanliorn, daughter of J. W. Vanhorn, of Louisiana, by whom he has 
tliree children: James TT alter, Cora Jeans, and Fluyd Erasier. He is a 
Master, Royal Arch, and Knight Templar Mason, and in 1877 he was dep- 
uty grand commander of the Grand Commandary of Missouri. He is also 
a Knicrht of Honor. 

ij '.r 


Ca])tniii Carroll Jones Atkiii. supcrintondent of the C. & A. iron 

railroad ijiidge ac.Tt.>5 the ^Mississippi JMver a,f Loiiisiaii;!, Missouri, was born 
at "Wiitcrbury, Washington county, A'^ermont, November 5, 1837. v.'hcrc lie 
lived with his parent- and attended school nntil he was seventeen years of 
Pif^c, when, he came to Missouri. IJe first stopped at St. Charles, and was 
en]])l(»yed as book-keeper in the lumber otlice of Porter <fc Overall for one 
year, when he went to the Missouri Kiver, v.hich he followed eitlior as river 
pilot or master of a steamboat, plying between St. Louis and Fort Eenton 
nntil 1871, when he came to Louisiana and took charge of the steam trans- 
fer across the Mississippi for the C. <k, A. Liailroad Company nntil the fi^ll of 
1.873, when he accepted his present position as superintendent of the iron 
bridge for the same company. Mr, Atkin is a prominent Mason, He is a 
member of Globe Lodge No. 495, A. F. & A. M.; of Bond Chapter Xo. 
23, It. A. !5L, of Louisiana City, and of Gyrene Cornmandery No. 13, K. T,, 
of Bowling Green. He has served Globe Lodge as master one year, and 
Bond Chapter as principal sojourner tv,-o years, and was eminent com- 
mander of Gyrene Commandery for four years. In October, 1S7S, was 
elected and served as grand commander of the Grand Commandery of the 
State of Missouri, he filling that station for two years. February 2, 1S6.5, ■ 
he manied Laura S. Boal. of St. Charles, Missouri. They have eight chil- 
dren, Carroll Lee, May, Birdie, William P., Stonewall, I^rice, Bobert 3[orse, 
and Balph Parsons, all living at home. 

Sjdalliicl Bain bridge Avers, 3r. 1>.. was born near Spencersbnrg, 
Pike county, Missouri, January 5, 1839, where he was raised. He is the 
son of Thomas J. and Elizabeth (Lewis) Ayers. He received tlie rudi- 
ments of his education by atten.ding pnblic school until he was eighteen, 
when he was sent to "\\*ashington Seminary at Paris, Missouri, one year, 
after which he tanght school two years at the Pose school-house, near Cur- 
ry ville, Pike county, when he resumed his studies at Bethel College, Pal- 
myra, completing his literary education there in IStU, He then studied 
medicine for a short time under Dr. Bailey, and then enlisted in the Mis- 
souri State Guards under General Price and served eight months, when he 
resumed the study of medicine under iJrs. Wicks & Tucker, ot Spencers- 
burg, and completed the course by graduating as M. D. from liush Aledical 
College, Chicago, Pllinois, in January, 18GG. In lStj4, in the interim 
between the course of lectures, he began to practice at Spencersburg. May 
12, 18G6, he permanently .settled at Louisiana, and has built up an exten- 
sive and profitable practice. October 25, 1864, he married Susan E.. daugh- 
ter of Thomas P, W^oouson, ui' Spencersburg, MisEOuri. Himself and v,ife 

,-h ., 


are members of the First C:iptist Chiircli of Louisiana. iJe is a member 
of Giobc Lodge Xo. x95, A. i\ ^V A. M., of Loiii-iaiia. 

David Alexaiuler Ball, attorney at law, was on a farm near Troj. ] 

Lincoln eonnty, Missouri, June 8, 1S5L ]ie is tiic son of .lolm E. atid J 

Lli/.abeth (Dyer) Ball. He was raised a farmer, and lived v.'itli his I 

parents, and helped by his labor to maintain a larcre family, until he was ' 

nineteen, when he started out in the world lor liimself. With an innate -I 

desire to enter upon a professional life he, in his early boyliood, bent his 

energ-y to acquire an education. In his sixteenth year he attended a seleet i 

school, taught by a Miss Carrie McCicney; previous to that he had attended >^ 

the uublic school during' the winter terms. When seventeen he tau<>-ht a tl 

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winter term of scborih after wliich he worked on his father's farm until the l] 

fall of 1S70, when he came to Louisiana and entered the public high school '] 

and maintained himself by working in the tobacco factory of F. Tinslev <fc 'i 

Co. He pursued this course, at the same time ],iri\atoly studying law, "5 

until June, 1S72. when he commenced reading law in the oHice of I'airg c^ j 

Dyer, and was admitted to the bar in the latter part of tliat }ear and began ' | 

practice in the city of Louisiana. In the spring of 1S73 he was the Dem- ] 

• ocratic nominee for city attorney, but was defeated by a few votes. In the ] 

following spring he v,as a candidate fur the same office, and was elected by i 

a good majority, and in IbTi was elected his own successor. In 1S7S he ] 

was, elected prosecuting attorney of Pike county, and re-elected in ISSO. ] 

In 1S81 he was tlected a member cif the city council tor a term of two years. ] 

July 2G, 1SS2. he was elected a member of the Democratic State Central ' 

Comniittee for the Seventh Congressional District of Missouri. May 13, ] 

1S7.5, he was united in marriage with Jessie, dangliter of Samuel O. Miner, ; 

of Louisiana. Himself and v;ift; are nieuibers of tiio M. E. Church South. i 

Joseph Sherman Barmim, grocer, of Louisiana, was born in Ciarksiield i 

Huron county, Ohio, February 8, 1823, where he was raised. AVhen nine- ] 

teen he was apprenticed In his parents to learn the saddle and h.arness-mak- I 

ing trade. He served two years, when finding that that trade did not agree | 

with his health he abai:doned it. He then engaged infai-mingin the vicin- | 
ity of Ciarksiield, for four years, w hen, in 185J:, he came to Missouri, and . j 
located in Louisiana, er.gaglng in the livery business until 18-'>6, when he 

discontinued it and became associated with John W. and W. A. Gunn, in j 

the mercantile business, in the firm name of C^unn, Barnum vfc Co. The ] 

Messrs. Gunn retiring from the firm in ISOl he continued the business un- | 

til 1S71, when lie discontinued, becoming afrent for the Keokuk it' Nortli- i 
eru Line Steamboat Company and is still acting as such. "With his steamboat 

191. t 

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ai;'Ciicy he, in 1877, became associated with E. P. Brown as Baruuin S: 
Brown, and cngas^ed in the auction and dry floods business in Louisiana, up 
to 1SS2, i^Er. I ;rown retiring iVoui tiie tinu in JSSO. In ^^Tarch, 1SS2, liis 
son Frank became associatt-d with birn in the grocery business at Louisiana 
in the firm name of Barnum tt Son. Ho has served several terms in the 
city council and has been the licensed city auctioneer since 1872. He has 
been twice married, his first vrit'e being Sallie A. Bacon of Huron county, 
Ohio, whom he married in May, 1855, and wh() died at Louisiana in January, 
1860. By her he had three children: Charles, express agent at Pana, Bli- 
nois; Willianj 3r., a clerk in the store ot'-li. IL Williams of Louisiana; and 
Frank, associated v;ith his father in the grocery business and assistant steam- 
boat agent at Louisiana. Ho married for his second wife, j\Iaggic J. Martin, of 
Louisiana, Missouri, October 2, 1860, by whom he has four children living: 
Lnla L., Le Grand, Anna Belle, and Katy AdcU. He is a member of t)ie 
a.L E. Church Soiith, of v.hich ho has been a triu^tee fur several years. He 
is a Master Mason and member of Globe Lodge JSo. 495, of which he was 

James Heiirv BiiiTe. local editor of the Ulcer Side Pi ess, of Louisiana, 
was born in Xew York City, June 19, 1830. Liis father was a retired mer- 
chant who had amassed a fortune while in business at iSlazatlan, Mexico. 
We copy the following extract from a work entitled The Old Merchants of 
New York City. "Louis P. Barre and J. L. Xennedy were sent out by the 
Howlands (importers) as supercargoes to the Pacific coast, and being 
honest, upright, and hard-working men, soon made themselves indispens- 
able to their eni]iloyers, who conceived the idea to have them start on their 
own hook. Accordingly, they were dispatched with a valuable shipment, 
and after trading along the coast found their wav to Mazatlan. Thev built 
up a large Mexican trade with the states and wei'e the heaviest traders on 
the western coast. After a brilliant career of about fifteen years they re- 
tired from business, well satisfied with their gains." The subject of this 
sketch was raised in JS'ew Y'ork City and was educated in the French Mili- 
tary Institute of Chelsea, ^'ew York. His tutors were Lewis and Hyacinth 
Peiigne'c, who were ofKcers in the French army under ^«apoleon the First. 
He graduated from the institution in the spring oi' 1853. He was then 
employed, until 1860, as a clerk in the banking house of W, C. Pickersgill 
i; Co., on Vv'^all street. He then opened a stock brokerage office on Bi-oad 
street, near tlie stock exchange, and was so engaged until 1870, when he 
made a tour to Europe, through England, Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and 
France. Wiiile in Paris, that city waB besieged by the German army, and 

. .i'>rJ-\M 



he was detained then) some time, wlien, falling in company with some di<- I 

tinguished United ir'tates army ofricerj;, succeeded in making the ]iort of j 

Havre and returned lioivic in the winter of the satne year. Durincr 1871 lio j 

was not particularly engaged and in 1ST2 he made a second tour through 1 

Europe, returning the latter part of that year. In 187-1 he went to Kansas j 

City, Mibsouri, where )je was engaged in the collecting business and a cor- j 

respondent for earteiri papers until 187f), when he came to Louisiana and \ 

permanently settled, where, soon after his arrival, he became the local edi- | 

tor of the River Side Press. October, 1860, lie married Mary E., daughter j 

of the late James E. "Woodruflf, of Xew York Citv, bv whom he has three ! 
children: James W,, Sophie A., and Maiy II. He is a member of T^nison ' Z 

Lodge ^^o. 1S75, Iv. of 11. ^ of wluch he is chaplain. . -3 

Ezckici ^lerrell Bartlctt. M. D., is a native of Maine and the son of I 

Peregrine and Sarali (Merrell) Bartlett. He was born iii Bethel, Oxford ■? 

county, Apj-il 22, JS'JJ-, where he v/as raised. He was educated by attend- -] 

ing the Maine Weslyan and an academy at Keadfield, Maine, and studying ;j 

the languages under the tutorship of Hev. Daniel Gould, of Rumford, Maine. •] 

In 1827 he began the study of medicine with Dr. Jonathan S. Millit, of '; 

j^orway College, Maine, studying three years. He entered the Bowdoin " 

Medical Seminary in ISi'S. and after taking two courses of lectures gradu- 
ated from that institution as M. D. in Septemljer, 1330. He first practiced 
at Frankstown, Pennsylvania, in 1831, practicing there and at llolidaysbnrgh, 
in the same county, up to 1835, when his star of destiny led westward and, 
like many others, started for the then far west, and came to Missouri and 
settled in Louisiana, then a mere hamlet containing about 250 souls, and 
where, although fiir advanced in age, he still has an extensive practice and 
has a wide reput;atiun as a skillful surgon. In the late war he was a staunch 
L^nion man, and althougli losing mueli by the emancipation of his slave> he 
stood by the flag that made them free. In ISGI he wa? appointed medical 
examiner for the M. S. M. by Governor Gamble, but previous to his com- 
mission he was blood-poisoned by making a post-mortem examination and 
came near losing his life, and was rendcre<l unable to serve as'comrais- 
sioner. [November 12, 1835, he married Mary Jones, of Frankstown, Penn- 
sylvania, who is still living. They have two children living, Freeborn Es- 
que, a farmer of Buflalo township; and lone, wife of J. N. Henderson, a 
farmer in the vicinity of Louisiana. He is a member of Perseverance Lodge 
Jso. 92, A. F. <k, A. M., of Louisiana. 

William Ht'iiry BjuiiMaii, dealer in boots and shoes and leather, is the 
sou of L)aniel and Augus'a (Barthj Bauniau. He was born in EdwardsviUe, 

; 1 

■ r:i 

1. ■ / 


Illinoip, December 12, 1S5G. His parents reinoNcd to Pike countj, ]\ 
Bouri, iw.'J located at Louisiana, when he was an irifanl, and he vvas liiere 
rai.^eci and lived with. Lis ])arents iiiilil lie was sixtet'O. He attended the 
schools of Louisiana until he was fourteen, when he took a coninicrcial 
course in the Gem City Connucrcial College, at Qnincy, Hlinois. When 
he left liome he was employed as a traveling- salesman b}' Schott & Bro., of 
St. Louis, wholesale dealers in leather, saddle, and harness hardware, 
and traveled for them until lS7o, when he was employed in the same capa- 
city by J. tfe ]\[. Koscistieid, of Kock Island, Illinois, wholesale dealers in ■ 

leather and shoe tindings. In the fall of LS76 he became associated with 
his father in the boot and shoe business in Louisiana, in the firm name of 
Bauniau <Sc Son, his father retiring from the firm in 1S7>'. IJis business suc- 
cess is the result of persevering industry and frugalit}', and, although quite 
a young ma]i, he lias built up a business in his line second to none in Louisi- 
ana city, June 27, 1878, he married Julia Anderson, of Quincy, lilirjois. * 

John TuHStall B^U.^L H.. is a native of Kentucky, and the son of John 
T. and Grazelle (^Lucky), Bell. He was l>orn. in Stanford, the county town 
of Lincoln county, July 13, ISIS. In the fall of 1831, when he was twelve 
years old, he came with liIs ivarents to Missouri, who settled in Pike county 
near Ashh-.y, where he vs-as raised and lived with them until manliood. Ilis 
parents gave him every opportunity in their power to acquire a good educa- 
tion, at one time sending him to Marion College, Marion, Missouri, v/here 
lie attended some time, but in 1S34 he was obliged to suspend his studies to 
accomjnany an invalid I'rother to the West Indies fur the benefit of his health. 
Arriving at New Orleans his brother's iiealtli was so mucli improved and 
finding others eft route for the same destination, his brother accompanied 
tliem, and he returned home and resumed his studies under Bev. Jeremiah 
Lawler, com])let;ng his education under him in ISoG, when he began the 
study of medicine under Dr. F. A. Hei.^on of Bowlinsr Green, Missouri, and 
was under his preceptorship for three years. After attending two courses 
of lectures he graduated as M. D. from the Transjlvunia Medical University 
at Lexington, Kentucky, in Marcl;, 18-11. His first practice was at Louis- 
ville, Missouri, near wliere he was i-eared, where lie practiced until 1844, 
when he went to Auburn, Pike county, \vhere he jracticed fourteen years, U]) 
to 1858, when he came to Louisana v.hcrc he has been in constant practice 
ever since, having: an extensive practice in both citj: and comitry. He has 
been twico married. His first wife Nvas Elizabeth, daughter of the late 
Augustus Oury of Bowling Green, Mis?ouri, whom he married September 1. 
1841, and who died March 4, 18*31. By her he has two cliildren: Lou, wife 

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of Cassius IJlackbiirn of Vandalia, Missouri, and \^iola. llo married for his 
eneond wife, Anna Denton of St. Louis, November 5, ISOG. Himself and 
M-ifc are members of the l^resbvlL-rian Churcli of Louisiana, lie is a mem- 
ber of Perseverance Lod.i,-e No. 72, A, F. i.*c A. M., of Louisiana. 

AVilllHiu Henry Bi^-Jj;s, attorney at law, is a native of Missouri and 
son of George K. and Nannie (Floyd) Bi^gs, v/ho came to Missouri in 
1S20. He was I)orn near Alexandria, Clark county, Augu.-,t 1, 1843, where he 
was reared and li' ed with his parents until he v/as e'pchteen. He was educated 
by attendiui^ the public scdiool of his neighborhood, the Christian University 
at Canton, Missouri, and the La Grange College at La Grange, Missouri. 
In 1866 he began the study of l;iw in tlie office of Hon. James Ellison at 
Canton, Missouri, and was admitted to the bar at Lovrling (ireen, Missouri, 
in 1S6.7, where he began his first practice, and in the following year he be- 
came associated M-ith Hon. D. L. Caldwell as Caldwell ct Biggs, they T)rac- 
ticiuf^ together for three vears. when Mr. Caldwell retired from the firm. 
He came to Louisiana in 1ST?>, and so'»n after becanje associated with Hons. 
T. J. C. Fagg & 1). P. Dyer in the practice of law, as Fagg, Dyer & Biggs, 
Mr. Dyer retired fron; the firm in 1875. changing the firm style to Fagg & 
Biirgs. He and Mr. Fagg dissolved this co]>artnorship in 1S77, when he 
became associated with S. Carkener in the firm name of Biggs & Carkener, 
they practicing until 18S0, when j\[r. Carkener retired from the firm, since 
which time he has practiced alone. In Februnry, 1870, he m.arried Eli^.a, 
daughter of Jasper Sliotwell, late of Pike county, Missouri. They have 
four children: Anna Belle. Davis, Estella, and Georgie. He is a Master 
Mason and member of Globe Lodge No. 405, A. F. & A. M., of Louisiana. 

Jacob Block, an old resident and merchant of Louisiana city, was born 
in Schwehlaw, Bohemia, January 2, 1808, where lie lived until he was 
twenty five years of age, when he came to the United States. He first settled 
at Troy, Lincoln county, and engaged in the mercMutile business with Simon 
Lewis, a young friend who accompanied him from Jjohemia. Three years 
after, in lb36, he went to St. Louis where he engaged in the mercantile 
business with Simon Mandelbanm until ISoO, when he came to Louisiana 
where for forty years, until 1870, he has been engaged iu merchandising. 
November 13, 1843, he marrie<l Miss Kittie Adf^ms of Pike county, who 
died at Louisiana, March 20, 1806. They had five children, three of whom 
are livincr: Cecelia, wit^of Flovd Karvev of near Paynesville, Pike coun.ty; 
Henrietta, wife of Pnfus !.. Pettibone, of Louisiana city; and Jose])h, a book- 
keeper in the Sam Peid Tobacco Factory, Louisiana. He is a Mason, a 
member of Perserverance Lodge No. 92, Louisiana. 

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JosrpI) Block, hook-keeper for the Sam Kcid Tobacco AfanntVictnrino- 
Conipuiiy of Louisiana, is tlie son of Jacob and Catliarinc (Adams) 
]ilock. il'is lutbur is a native of Gcnnan}^ and Lis mother of Kentucky, 
He M^as born in L'luisiana, ^Missouri, October 12, 1851, where he was reared i 

and educated. While not attendiiig school he spent liio bovliood days as a | 

clerk in his father's store up to 1870, when lie becan^e associated with his I 

brother-in-hiw, li. ]j. I'ettibone, in tlie f^rocery business, in the firm name of t 

Joseph Block ^Iv: Co., they doing business one year, when they dissolved and | 

he accepted the })0.?ition ot" teller and assistant cashier in the Bank of Pike 
County at Louisiana, and was so employed until 187-1, when he became 
associated with M. J. &. S. C. Hassler and engaged in manuficturing 
cider vinegar and Alden dried fruits, in t!ie firm name of Ilassler, Block cVr- 
Co. He retired from that tirm in 1875. and became a member of the firm 
of Joidan 6z Block in the grocery business for a sljort time, when he was 
chosen by tlie stoekholder> and crediiors of the Bank of Pike County, then 
insolvent, to close out its business, which he consummated in March, 1S79, 
when he became associated with T. M. Ehea in the banking business as 
"lliiea & Block, BaidvCi's."' They carried on bajiking until 1882, when they, 
vrith others, incorjjurated the l^xchange Bank of Louisiana, he filling the po- 
sition of cashier until June of that year, when he accepted the position of 
book-keeper and general otiice mamiger for the Sam lieid Tobacco Manu- 
facturing Company of Louisiana. From 1S79 to 1881 he was a member of 
tlie board of directoi's of the Louisiana Loan and Building Association. He 
is a member of Anchor Lodge No. 6u, K. of P., of Louisiana. 

FraiiJc Boelnn, Sr., baker, and proprietor of the Missouri Bakery, of 
Louisiana, was born in Frankenthal, Bavaria, September 3, 1833. He 
lost both his parents by death belbre he was eleven years of age. When 
he was thirteen he was apprenticed to learn the baker's trade and served 
tliree years. He then followed his trade as a journeyman baker and worked 
in the cities of Manheim, Spyer, xNuestat, and other German cities until he 
was eighteen, when, in 1852. he came to the L'nited States, where he again 
traveled as a journeyman baker, working in Cincinnati, Toledo, and St. Louis 
until 1S60, when he came to Louisiana, where he was employed in the bakery 
of George lieid for nearly a year, when he enlisted in Company A, Fourth 
Missouri A'olunteer Cavalry, and ser'^ed until the expiration of term of en- 
listment in 18(:U, afier wliicli he was eni})loyed in the government bakery of 
Jelferson Barracks, St. Louis, until the close of the war in 18G5. While in 
the service he participated in many battles, the most important being Pea 
Ilidge, Pittsburgh Landincj, and Bird's Point. He returned to Louisiana in 




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the tall of 1865 and established his present business. December 2, 1855, he 
married Alary xVult, of Cincirmati, OhioPjj whom he has five childreu: i 

Frank, Jr., and Charles of Louisiana, and jreni-y, Joljn, nnd J^ucas at honie. j 

llinieelf and wife are Catholics and nieuibers of St. Joseph's Church at j 


James Marion l>i'i.^coc\ )i, I)., of Lonisi-'.na, was boin near Paris, Alon- 1 

• roe connty, ]\lissouri, .March 15, 1841. He is the son of John and Emily > 

(Biggs.) II is mociser dying when he was three years of age, be was •! 

taken by liis uncle, O. C. Tinker, of Louisiana, and raised. Tie was mostly j 

educated in the public schools. He attended the "Watson Academy, at Ash- ] 

ley, Missouri, one term, and one term in a select school in Louisiana, tauglit ; 

by Prof. L'arkev, under the auspices of the 21. E. Clraich. In March, 1865, lie •! 

began the study of medicine under Dr. Y.. M. Uartlstt, of Louisiana, and \ 

the followinc' winter took a course of lectures in the Medical College at i 

Keokuk, Iowa. He was then under the preceptorship of J)r. William C. ^ 

Duncan, of near Dover Church, Pike county, until the fall of LSOT, when j 

he entered the St, Louis Medical Colleoe. at St. Louis, Missouri, from which j 

he graduated as M. D, in th.e spring of 1808, His first practice was at i 

Dover with Dr. Duncan, they practicing together until the spring of 1870. !| 

He continued the practice at LJover until tlie spring of 1872, when he canie j 

to Louisiana and became associated with Dr. W. T.Stewart, thev practicin^^ t 

together until the spring of 1873, when he pursued larming and practicing | 

medicine in the vicinity of Louisiana until 1S8L when he went to Curry- ] 

vilie. Pike county, and practiced until September, 1882, when he located at J 

Louisiana permanently. May 12, 1873, he married Mrs. Mollie Bnrbridge, ■ \ 

of Louisiana. Lie is a member of the Paj-tist Church and a member of i 
Piver Side Lodge ZN o. 22, A. O. U . W., of Louisiana. • 

Henry Pattoil Brown, grocer, of Louisiana, is tlis son of William and ' j 

Jane (IvendriclO Brovrn. formerly of Tazr-well countv. Yiriri'iia, who i 

came to Missouri in 1831 and settled near Hidesburgh. Kails county, where ] 

he -vas born, JMarch 5, 1840. He was reared at his birthplace, and lived j 

with his parents until his twci'tieth year, wlien. in 1860, he came to Pike | 

county. lie was educated by attending the c-Mumon schools and the Van ! 

Penssalear Academy near Hannibal, Missouri. He began life for himself as ; 
a teacher, teaching his first school near Bowling Green, ]!v[issonri. He quit ' j 

teaching in 18C4, came to Louisiana, and engaged in the grocery business, j 

and has become idontitied among the leading and succobsful business men i 

of the city. Starring out with a very small capital lie has built up a lucra- j 

tive trade and has become finite a property ONvner, and has built several i 





luiilding?, the most important beinpr liis present residence oi> corner of Main 
and Mar3lci!id streets, n brick sfrncture of modern achitectnre. lie is r* 
member of tlio city connci! and has been since 1S79, and is a'eo a member of 
tlie school board, of wliicli he lius been sr^cretary ever since his election in 
1880. December 10, ISOO, lie married Eli/.Hbeth A. Rodgers, of Bowling 
Green. Thev have fnur children: Willie 11., a olei'k in his father's store; 
Ada F., Clarence 11.. and Bessie. Ilimstlf and wife are members of the 
First Baptist Church of Louisiana, of whictt tie is sabbath-school 6uj)erin- 
tendent. Be is a Master Mason and member of Globe Lodge No. 495, A. 
F. A: A. M., of Louisiana, of which lie is secretary. He is also a member 
of liiverside Lodge Xo. 22, A. 0. IT. W., of Louisiana. 

Isaac Xi'wion Bl-ysoil, Si'., is one of the few old residents of Louisiana 
still living, lie was born on a farm near Yorkville, the eoantv seat of York 
county, South Carolina, February 13, 1809. His parents came to Missouj-i 
in 1S16, and settled in Pike county, then a ]iortion of St. Charles county, 
his father pre-emptinir the iar-d that is now the site of Louisiana city, wliich 
be soon afterwards sold, when he purchased land on Grassy Cieek, near ilud 
Lick Spi'ing. live miles west of Louisiana, where he died in 1821. After his 
father's death, our subject continued to live with his motlier on the farm 
until manhood, and received a fair educri'ion by attending the common 
subscription schools. At the age of nineteen he began teaching and taught 
in the country schools for two years. In February, 1831, he came to Louisi- 
ana, and was emj^loyed in the store of Canijibell ct Burbridge as a clerk for 
thi-ee years, udien lie became associated with Jolin L. Williams in general mer- 
chandisinor in the firm name of Williams cV: Bryson, Mr. Williams dvinz 
some eighteen months after thev enoaored in business. Mr. Bryson carried 
on the business in the firm name until the expiration of tlie term of partner- 
sliip, in 1^'IS. In 1S30 he became associated with William C. Hardin and 
Julius C. Jackson in the same business, in the firm style of I. X. Bryson «*^ 
Co. Mr. Jackson soon after retiring from the firm, he, with Mr. Hardi'j, 
retaining the firm name, continued in business without interruption for 
fifteen years, up to 1855. In 1345 tliey built the block of stores on the 
corner of Main and Georgia streets, whicii they'still own. After I-e and 
Mr. Hardin discontinued the mercantile business, he never embarked in it 
again, but invested in real estate, buying tv/o farms in tlie vicinity of 
Louisiana, Vvhich he has farmed by tenants, he residing in Louisiana. 
In 1S77, lie being a sr<.,-kliolder of tlie National Bank of the State of Mis- 
souri, at St. Louis, with many others, lost heavily by its suspension. Al- 
though nut an aspirant to otfie-', he has served several years in the city 

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lilOGKAl'KICAI. fiKKTCirES ^ 677 

cuuncil of Louisiuna. Duiiiio; tii(3 late war he wae a L^nion man and iirinly 
jnaintaiiied the supremacy of the (loverniiioii'i. Doceniber 24-, 184S, he 
married EhV.abetJi S. I*aiid, of JvOiiisiana, who is still "liviiij^?. They liave 
four children: Orpheus C, attorney at. law; Isaac N., Jr., proprietor and ed- 
itor of tlie Louisiana RtpvlUvan; Ora P»., wife of Eobcrt II. AVilliams, of 
Louisiana, and Mollie F. Ilirnsclf, wife, and children, excepting ]\Irs. Wil- 
liams, are raembers of the Christian Church, of .Louisiana. In 1823 lie be- \ 
came one of tlie proprietors and stockholders of the Louisiana and Middle- 1 
town gravel or macademized road and served as secretary for the crjmpany 1 ' 
filteen years. ' \ 

Samuel Wilson BllcLiier, ]^[, 1).. of Louisiana city, was born near \ 

Washington, Bapoahannock county, Virginia, October 30, jS2-j. lie is the \ 

ton of Bailey and Mildred (Strothcr) Buckuer. His father dyijig when he ; 

was an infant, be lived with his motlier at his biithplace until he was sev- | 

enteen years old, wIk-u lie came to ^Missouri. He stopped at Bowling J 

Green, Bike county, where he was eniployed in the county clerk's olTice for | 

one vear. He then be-'-an the study of medicine privately, and studied one ■• 

year, when be went to St. Louis, Missouri, and studied under Dr. Thon:)as \ 

Barber, professor of obstetrics in the Missouri Medical College of that city, j 

about two years, and iu the spring of tS46 he graduated as M. 13. from the I 

same colle<''e. He lirst practiced in a little town called Concord, in Calla- -\ 

way county. June 17, 1S4 7, he came to Louisiana city, where he resided J 

and practiced until 1S71. During that time the doctor took an active part j 

in organizing the Louisiana high schook and was one of the principal | 

movers in the enterprise of building the present ])ublic school building. He ^ 

was also one of the originators of the Louisiana and Kansas City Eailroad, 1 

nov,' a part of the Chicago and Alton, and was one of the directors of the 5 

company that built it. In leaving Louisiana in lSTJ,he removed to the 
southern portion of Bike county, where, with practicing medicine, he also 
engaged in farming. In the spring of 1 882 he returned to Louisiana and 
became, associated with Dr. W. T. Stewart in the practice of medicine, in 
the firm name of Biickner cV Stewart. Although being importuned by his 
friends, the doctor has never aspired to any political preferments, but chose 
to confine himself to his profession. June 0, IS.Vi, he married Miss Fanny 
Robertson, of Bike county. By her he has seven children: Lucie, wife of 
W. T. Wells, of Clarksville, Missouri; Lizxie, wife of Dr. W. IL liobertson, 
of St. Louis; and Bailey B., Thomas, and George, all law students in vari- 
ous law offices, and Julia and Eliza, at borne. , 

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Glistnvus A. Buil'uni. manager of tlie La Crosse Lumber Company of 
Louisiana city, was born in WaUlo county, JNLxinc, between tlic Penobscot 
and Kennebeo rivers, December 20, 1820. When quite younij^ his parents, 
Samuel and Mary (Neil) BufVum, left his birthplace and removed to 
Orono, Maine, where he lived with them until manhood, and received a good 
business education by attending the common schools. His father being an 
extensive lumberman, young Buffum early imbibed a fondness for that 
avocation, and in early boyhood was well versed in every branch of the 
business. He followed lumbering, either as a sawyer or in running logs on 
the Penobscot and its tributaries until 1851, wlien he with a company of 
his neighbors went to (California by way of the Isthmus of Panama, where 
he engaged in mining in Big Ravine, near Auburn, six. months, and frovu 
there he went to the Yuba Pivor where hie skill and knowledge in lumber- 
ing was called into requisition, he being one of a liomber of men v;ho made 
the firsL I'lug and eock-down log raft of saw-logs made in California and 
run to Sacramento, for which he received §9 per day. From Sacramento 
he returned to the Yuba River, and successfully mined on Indian Creek fur 
two years, wlien, in 1803, he established a trading post, dealing in camp 
equij>nicnts and general merchandifte, at Indian Yalley, and in connection 
with it he ran a train of pack mules from Marysville to various mining 
points on the Yuba River. Selling out his trading post in 1851: he removed 
to Downersville where ho continued to run his trains of pack mules, and 
also engaged in mining until 1S5S, when closing up his business lie returned 
to his home in Maine. March 2<J, 1S5S, he married Miss Mary B. Wash- 
burn, of Livermore, Maine, and immediately started for the west where he 
for a short time located at Monroe, Wisconsin, and was employed by his 
brotherin-lnw, tlie late Covernor C. C. Washburn, and engaged in lumber- 
ing on the ^Mississippi River. In 1860 he became associated with Mr. 
Washburn, and established a lumber yard at Iowa City, Iowa, which being 
discontinued in 1801, they established a yard at Clinton and Lyons, Iowa, 
he acting as manager. In 1S73 the yard at Lyons being discontinued, he 
came to Louisiana in the interest of the La Crosse Lumbering Company, 
consisting of Mr. Washburn and others, he taking charge of their exten- 
sive yard at that place as manager. At Lyons, Iowa, in 1867, his wife died, 
leaving him tive cliildren: Frank W., i:i the oflice with his father; and Ada 
W., still at home, Charles B., attending the .Noru'.al School at Whitewater, 
Wisconsin; and twin boys, Benjamin and Cadwallader, both dying in in- 
fancy. He married lor his second wife, Mrs. Roxana Chase, of Orono, ]\laiue. 
Mr. B^iltam js u man who has experienced much of the rough side of life. 

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}Je ih endo^vcd with excellent business aud executive abilities whicli enjible 
liini to conduct liic. exteni:-ive linnbcr trade throu_i;h the ^vest with success, 
and to cont]-ol his numerous employes with such systematic order and pre- 
cision that harmony is the result, thus adding thousands of dolhxrs annually 
to the business oi' Louisiana city. 

Charles Blirliliart, pro})rietor of the Globe Hotel, Louisiana, Missouri, 
was born in J-'rernont, Sandusky county, Ohio, August '2*2, 1845. When he 
waa fjuite young he went with his parents to Tontogany, Ohio, where he 
lived until manhood and was educated. When he was twelve years of age, 
his father being dead, he was thrown on his own resources for maintenance. 
Ee worked on a farm until l&tJT v.^heii he engaged in the restaurant busi- 
ness at "SVhiteljall, Illinois, until ISOO, when he came to Louisiana, Missouri, -^ 
and again engaged in the restaurant business until 1S75, when he discon- '^ 
tinned it and become associated with 11. C. Bnify, in the firm name of .3 
Dutly L^,: Bnrkliart, and engaged in genend merchandising in Louisiana. '^, 
He retired from the firm Iti August, ISSO, and in the following July ho j^ 
became associated with J. M. LUodgett, in the firm name of Blodgett 6c. i 
Enrkhart, as pn-oprietors of the Globe Hotel at Louisiana. In October, . | 
ISSl, 'hU-. Blodgett retiring from the firm, left him sole proprietor. Xo- fi 
vember 22, 1S70, he married vS. Amanda, daughter of Charles H. Bealart, .j 
one of the original proprietors of the site of Louisiana city. They liave } 
one child, Charles Burt. lie is a member of Kiverside Lodge Ko. 22, A. ^ | 
O. IT. W., of Louisiana. . _ I 

Ilev. Donald Keiinedy Campbell, pastor of the first Presbyterian 'i 

church of Louisiana, was born near Glasgow, Picton county, !Nova Scotia, < 

April 26, ]S4C, where he M'as raised. He is the son of Peter G. and Eliza- i 

beth (Kennedy) Campbell, natives of the highlands of Scotland. He re- !] 

ceived the rudinienfs of his education in the gramniar school of Glasgo%v; j 

when nineteen he entered Dalhousie University at Halifax, graduating as j 

A. B.; and when twenty-three he entered the Princeton Theological Seminary, '\ 

from which he graduated as B. I), when he was twenty-six. Ke then, in i 

May, 1S72, became pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Aberdeen, Mary- j 

land, where he p. reached until ISTG, when lie recieved a call from the Pres- 
byterian Church at Paradise, Penn., v/here he preached until lS7i, when he 
entered on the home missionary work, and was sent by that board to Joplin, 
jMissouri, where he preached until ISTO, wlien he was sent to Wakeeney, 
Kansas, wliere he preached until March, ]SS2, when he received a call from 
the first Presbyterian Church of Louisiana city. September 22, LST-l, he 
married Margaret Jessie MeGillioray of Picton, Nova Scotia. They have 

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four cliildrcu; "Williain iJruco, Aunc i\[cGillioray, Gordon llensley, and 
vVrtlinr "Wallace. 

Kev. .Tames WasIi!n;:;,'ton C;inii)bcll,, was born near Cvuthiann, Har- 
rison cQimty Kentucky, January 13,1801. Re lived with liis parents, William 
and Jane (Gooch) Campbell, at liit^ birthplace, until he was ten yearns ot" a<;-e, 
and near Ycrsailles, W'oodford .couDty, Kentucky, until he was twelve, and 
tlien near Franklin, Williams county, Tennessee, until lie was seventeen, 
when be came with them to Missouri in ISJS, they settlin^i; in the vicinity 
of Bowling Green, Pike county. He liad obtained a fair education Ijcfore 
coming to Missouri by attending school at the various places where his 
parents have lived, and by private study and reading. He continued to 
make liis home with his [)'irents until his niarnage in 1827, with Sophia A. 
Henry, of Lincoln, Missouri. In 1822 he professed religion and united with 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church at Kew Lebanon, Coo|)er countv, 
Missouri, and v,-as licensed to preach at Pethel, Poune county, in the fall of 
1824, and began to officiate as a missionary for the Cumberland Prcsbvtc- 
rian Church. His district was St. Charles, Liiicoln, ^Montgomery, Callaway, 
and Boone counties, and was called the St. Charles district. Soon after he be- 
gan his labors, Marion, 1?h11s, and Pike counties were added to his district. 
He is the ])ioneer minister of those counties. His rides through unbroken 
forests and over prairies without roads kept him constantly in the saddle. 
His hearers met either in the primitive dwellings or the rude log school- 
houses of the day. His sermons averaged yearly SOS. In the spring of 
1S26 he was regularly ordained at the house of Perry Erixson in Lincoln 
county. Pev. Finis Ewing, presiding, gave the charge and Rev. Pobert J). 
Morris preached the ordiiuition sermon. During that year he was placed in 
charge of the Antiuch church, the tirst Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
organized in northeastern Missouri, being organized in 1819. In 18'17 he 
settled on land in Calumet township, Pike county, which is now on the 
gravel road between Louisiana and Clarksville, and is now owned by J. M. 
Jump, an.d the liouse he then built of hewn logs is still standing. He re-"" 
moved frum there to the Antioch settlement in 1828 where he purchased a 
farm on wlvich he lived until 1836 wlien he removed to Bowling Green. 
Soon after being placed in charge of the Antioch church, several more 
churches were added. Among them were Ashley, Frankford, and Pnfralo, 
he preaching monthly at each place. After his removal to Bowling Green 
in 1836, with his pastoral duties he also engaged in the m.ercantile business, 
having at different times been associated with Harvey T. McCune, G. B. 
Crane, "William Watts, and his brother J. G. Campbell. The goods sold 

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were bought at Pliiladelphia and Baltimore, and to I'oplenisli his stock he 

made loiii^ tedious trips to those ]:»laees twice a year. He retired froin tlie 

mercantile business in ISol), when lie removed to a fi'.rni lie owricd in tlie 

vicinity of Uovviing Green until ISG^, when he retnoved to another farm 

that he owned near Louisiana, where liis wife died in 1872, at the age, of 

sixty-six. By her he has five children livini^: William If., justice of the | 

peace at Bowling Green ; liobert A., an attorney at law at St. Louis, and now 1 

lieutenant governor of the state; John T., an attorney at law at Santa Ro^a, I 

California, and a member of the legislature of that state; Robert B., a lum- j 

ber merchant at Clarksville; and Benjamin M.,a farmer of Bulfalo township, | 

who owns his father's homestead, with whom his father has lived since 1?73, .1 

and with whom he expects to spend the remainder of his days. Mr. Camp- I 

bell retired from the active duties of the ministry in 1870, after ppending l 

nearly sixtj' years of his Hie in preaching the gospel. ILis name in Pike ] 

sind adjoining counties is as familiar as household words. At the altar he i 

has joined hundreds in the holy bonds of matrimonj-, by the ordinance 1 

of baptism he has consecrated unknown numbers to a life of holiness, and to j 

tlie bereaved he has spoken words of consolation, and as the sands of his life j 

have nearly I'un he, with Christiati resignation and fortitude, awaits the |- 

sumraons that will call him hence. ' I 

Capt. Stuart Carkcuer, chiet deputy collector of internal revenue for | 

the fourth district of Missouri, and attornev at law. Lie is the son of 


George Y. and Sarah E. i ILdl) Carkener, and A\a9 born at Tecumseh, Michi- 
gan, December 13, 1837, where he was raised and lived with his parents nn- j 
til njanhood. He was educated at the Michigan State Fniversity. AVhcu | 
he left home he began teaching in the college at Montgomery City, Mis- ] 
souri. leaching there and ut "W^arrcnton and other ]>laces in Missouri, and j 
at tlie same time privately studying law, until the spring of 1862, wheri he 
was admitted to the bar at Warrenton. "Warren county, Missouri, and at 
once began the practice of law at Danville, Montgomery county, Missouri. 
In the fall of 1862 he was commissioned second lieutenant in. the M. S. 
M., serving oidy a short time, when he became a member of Company Iv, i 
Thirty-third iCegiment Missouri Volunteer Infantry, and was chosen and 
coranjissioned tirst lieutenant of his company and served daring the war. 
In June, 13o3, he was pjomoted to the captaincy of Company G, of thesaa'>e 
regiment. July -i, 18G3, he was seriously wounded on the Hold at the bat- 
tle of Helena, Arkansas, and was in hospital at Memphis, Tennessee, and 
St, Lonis, Missouri, some two months. During the last two years of the 

'-var Ije served as judge advocate on the stales of Generals Mower and Mc- 
43 ■ . 

i( ■>: . • ; <}> 

•i.i oi 


682 iii.>TOKv oi> riKK couKir. 

Arthur. He po.rtici])Lited in many battles, the laotit important bein<j; those 
ot'IIelena, Arkansas; Nash\ille, Tennessee; Tupelo, Mi^^i.ssijjpi; the battle of 
the I'ed liiver campaign, Sheinian'o Meridian campaign, and the campaign 
against General Price In ^Missouri. lie also served as provost marshal of 
the citv of vSeima, Alabama, duriiig the summer of 1865. ilo was mustered 
out of the ser\ice at Benton Barracks, St. Louio, in August, 1805, when he 
returned to Danville and resumed the practice of law. During ISGS be 
served as circuit atloi'iiey for llie third" judicial circuit of Missonri, embrac- 
ing the coui\ties of Pike, Lincoln, Montgomery, and Warren. In 1S77 he 
removed to L';)uisinna and became associated in the law }tractice with Wil- 
liam H. Biggs, in the lirm name of Biggs c\: Carkener. In ISSO he retired 
from the firm, and oa account of failing health abandoned tiie practice of 
law and engaged for one year in the manufacture of tobacco at Lonisiana. 
In tiie summer of ISSii he received the appointment of chief deputy collec- 
ts.- of inleinal revenne in tlie fourth district of xJissouri, under D. A. Stew- 
art. November 14, 1SG6. lie married Mary E. Drury, of Danville, Missouri. 
They have four children: Gertrude, George, Anna, and Lucile. Himself 
and v.-ife are members of the First Presbyterian Church of Louisiana, of 
which he is a ruling elder and sabbath-school superintendent. 1 

Williaiii H. Carroll, of Buffalo township, is a descendant of one of the | 

oldest families in the eastern part of Pike county. Mr. Carroll is a native | 

of ^ orth Carolina, born aSTovember 7, 1813, in York district. His fatlier, | 

Joseph Carroll, was born in 17S1 and raised in South Carolina. The 
mother, Isabella Henry, was a daughter of William Henry, of South Caro- 
lina, wiio was a Pevolutionary soldier and took part in the battle of King's 
]'\rountain. Joseph Carroll immigrated to ^Missouri with his fomily in the 
yearlSJ7, and settled near uliat is now known as Buffalo Church, and 
moved into the cabin wliich had been occupied by Robert Jordon, who 
jiad been killed by the Indians. Joseph Carroll was a blacksmith by trade 
and brought liis blacksmith tools with him from South Carolina, this being 
the first set of tools brought to Pike ounty. His shop was known far and 
near and served a good purpose in mending the many breaks incident to 
frontier life. While he did the neigbboi-hood blacksmithing he carried on 
])is farm at the same time. He was a man of powerful muscle, great en- 
ergy, and a determined will. He reared a family of eleven children, six 
boys and five o'irls, eio-ht of %vhom still survive. The mother died in 1840 
and the father in 18G0. William H. Carroll, our subject, was but four 
years old when he came to Missouri, and it would be almost useless to tell 
how he spent his boyhood days. We can rest assured they were spent in 


' ri li'. 

■■: '« 

niOGKArillCAL SKETCHl-.S. 6S3 

the wilds ol' Pike count}'. ScIiocjIs iit that da}' were ahnost unknown, but 
the youtli iiad a thirst for books and he read whatever ho could get hold of. 
On arriving; at maturity he had acquired a sufficient knowledge to teach 
school, which, at that day, was considered a great accom[»iishment. Mr. 
Carroll has been twice niarricd, his lirst wife dviiif; soon after juarriasre. liis 
present wife, was M;uy Stirk, daughter of the late Judge James Stark, 
who belonged to pioneer lauillies of the eastern part of this county, the 
marriage occurring in 1S4-G, and soon after he moved to his present farm, 
consisting of 250 acres, the greater part of which is in a high state of culti- 
vation. Mr, Carrol! has for many years been considered one of the success- 
ful raisers of wheat; later, however, he has been turning his attention to 
raising stock, lie has reared a family of eight children, tliree boys and live 
girls, all living. Mr. Carroll and ail his family are devoted members of the 
Presbyterian t/hurch. 

Elirnest Crutclior, 31. I)., was born at Nashville, Tennessee, March 20, 
185S. He is the sixtli of ten sons of William H. and Mary C. (Foster;) 
Crutcher, natives of Virginia. He was raised and educated in his native 
city. His Alma Mater is the Main street high school of Xashville, Tennes- 
see, from which he graduated in the class of 1877. Prior to his gradua- 
tion, in 1875 anvi 1S76, he was reporter for the J^ashvlUc Evening Banner. 
In the latter part of 1S77 he began the study of medicine under the precep- 
torship of Dr. T. A. Atchison, professor of materia medica in the medical 
department of the A'anderbilt University, of Nashville, graduating as M. 
1). from that institution with distinction in March, 187!*. His first practice 
was at Areola, Missouri, under his brotbe'*, Dr. 11. M. Crutcher, until the 
fall of 1879, when he entered the Homa^ojvathic Medical College of St. 
Louis, graduating in Alarch, 1880, receiving the ad eundt-m degree, and in 
tlie following A]n-il located at Louisiana, practicing in botli ciry and country, 
making a specialty of diseases of children. April 13, 1S82, he married 
Miss Kate Y., daughter of Joseph Morrow, of Summit Point, Virginia. 
He is a member of the M. E. Church South and fills the position of sabbath- 
school superintendent. He is a member of Anchor Lodge No. 60, K. of 
P., of which, in ISSl, he was chancellor conunander, and represented his 
lodge in the grand lodge at Carthage, Missoui'i, in 18S2. 

Mavciis Drevfus. senior member of the firms of Dreyt'us tt Micheal, 
merchants, and r,i Dreyfus, Hall tV Woracek, lumber dealers, is a native of 
Swit>:erland- He was born at Zurz:ich June 15, '1817, ^J-here lie lived with 
his parents and attended school until his fourteenth year, v^'lien he was per- 
mitted by his father to sell goods in the vicinity of Zurzach, doing business 

•I;.:lr'. .11 

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/I ' ii .' .'«, 




ou a small scale, lie continued to sell poods until 1840, when he came to 
the United States and first located at St. Louis, ^Missouri, where he followed 
peddling six months, when ho Avent to Nashville, Tennessee, and peddled 
some six montiis, when, in the latter part of ISIl, he came to Pike county, 
Wi?=ouri, and became associated with his brotlier in the mercantile business 
at Franl-rford, they doin*; business for three years, up to 18-14, when he en- 
gaf,'ed in farming; in the vicinity of Louisiai;a, and with fanniii<:( kept a 
wood yard at a landing on the aMississippi liiver that was called Dreyfus 
Landing. In 1S54 he came to Louisiana and became associated with 
Earnest "Waracek, as Dieyfus & Waracek, in tlie hardware business, 
they doing business in that line up to 1874, In 18GG, in connection 
witli the hardware business, he with his partner became associated 
with "William T. Hill and established the present lumber company of 
Dreyfus, Hill ^c AVaracek, of Louisiana, lie is also associated with Sam- 
uel Micheal as Dreyfus 6z Micbeal, and has been engaged in the mercantile 
business since 1867. In ISGi he and jVlr. Waracek built the National Hall 
Block, on corner of Alain and Georgia streets, and in 1868 they built the 
Lynott business house on I\Iain between Georgia and South Carolina streets. 
In 1S80 he built the Dreyfus Bk-ck on Georgia street between Main and 
Third. In 1864 he was elected a member of the city council of Louisiana 
and re-elected in 186G, and served as councilman four years. In 1882 he 
was elected by the stockholders president of the Exchange Bank of Louisi- 
ana, and now fills that position. June 5, 1845, he married Kosa Kinney, of 
Pike county, Missouri. They have one child. Dr. James W. Dreyfus, of 
Louisiana, Missouri. 

Joseph LiiHl Dyer, grocer, of Louisiana, was born near Troy, ^Varren 
county, [Missouri, January 10, 1848. His mother dying when he was an in- 
fant he was taken by his grandmother, Mrs. Kancy B. Dyer, with whom he 
lived near Troy, Lincoln county, until 1865, when he came with her to 
Louisiana, where he attended school two yean;, when, in 1867, he began to 
work in the tobucco factory of Cash., Henderson & Co., and worked for them 
and in other factories in Louisiana until 1882, when he engaged in the grocery 
business. He is a member of the M. E. Church of Louisiana. He is a 
Good Templar and member of Louisiana Lodge No. 278. 

William Andrew English, bricklayer and contractor, was born near 
Cynthiana, Harrison county, Kentucky, September 11, 1824. He is the son 
of William and Sarah (Dickson) English. He w\a3 raifed a farmer at 
his birthplace, and hi? father being a bricklayer as well as a farmer he also 
learned that trade. He lived with his parents until 185<) when he next 

1 . ': iv.- .i,;. ; : . ,-<,• fm- 

y'. ■ 1 


went to Palis, Kentucky, and worked at bricklaying one year when lie came 
to Louisiana, Missouri, wliere he has followed hU trade ever since. In 1862 
he hecarne a member ot" company K, — Eei^iment AJ. S. M. In the ?prin'> 
of 1863 he was elected second lieutenant by his company, and in 1SC5 was 
promoted to captain. Be served at intervals during the war. Himself and 
wife are members of tlie Seventh Street M.,E. Church of Louisiana. 

Hon. TliOinas Jniiies Clai'k Fagg is a native of Virginia, and was 
born near Charlottesville, Albemarle county, July 25, 1S22. He is the 
youngest of four children of John and Elizabeth (Oglesby) Fagg. In 
1$36 he came with his parents to Missouri, they settling in Pike county 
near Bowling Green. In the following spring his ])arents sent him to Illi- 
nois College at Jacksonville. Previous to his coming to ]\lissouri he had 
taken a preparatory course at the University of Virginia near his birth- 
place. His collegiate course was interru])ted the first year by the death of 
an only brother, a student of the same college, when he returned home and 
remained until the following year, when he resumed his studies in the same 
college, but only to take an irregular course of three terms, when, in JSil, 
he again returned to his home and remained until IS-to, when he entered the 
office of lion. Gilchrist Porter as a law student at Jjowling Green, with 
^\•hom he studied until he M'as admitted' to the bar in 3 8-1-5. He then l)e- 
came associated in the law practice witli Hon. James O. Broadhead at 
Bov.'ling Green, with whom he jiracticed until 18-18, when he removed to 
Clarksville where he continued liis law practice, and also settled the large 
estate of H. T. Kent and brother. In the summer of 1850 he, espousing 
the Benton policy, became a candidate on that ticket for a seat in the legis- 
lature, but after a bitter and vindictive campaign he was defeated. In 
Kovember, 1850, by a coalition of the Benton Democrats and "Whig party, 
he was elected probate judge of Pike county, a position that he filled so 
acceptably that he was re-elected to the same office in 1854:, In January, 
1855, he resigned the judgeship to accept a seat in the legislature, to which 
he had been elected to fill a vacancy, and to which he was re-elected in 1858. 
He removed to Louisiana in 1856 and became associated with Hugh Allen 
in the practice of law, he retiring from the lirm when he went to the legis- 
lature in lSo8. In 1ST5 he received the appointment of judge of the Lou- 
isiana court of common pleas, filling that }>osition one year, when by an act 
of the legislature the circuit judge became judge ex ojjicio of that court. 
In 1S60 he was a candidate on the American ticket for lieutenant-governor, 
but with the rest of his ticket he was defeated. During the war he was an 
uncompromising L'nion man; and during the summer of 1861 assisted in 

;•;■ i'.i'lin^ 

-■( . 

'.'■■.■■ ■ I 


I nil U. 

6S6 = niETOKY OF riKE COUNTY. > 

oroaiii;ciii<}^ several companies of liotiie guards, and was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Gamble l)rii.>;;idG inspector with tlie rank of coloiicl. In the mcan- 
linie the I'iflh J*eginicnt of tlie State troops was organized, known as 
Fagg'e Kegimcnt, of wliich he was elected colonel and served in command 
luitil Jannary, 1802, w-iien he was appointed judge of the third judicial 
district by the Governor to fill a vacancy, and in 18G3 he was elected to the 
same office for a term of six years, but in 1805 the state convention pa>ied 
an ordinance vacating all the offices in the state, lie wns then appointed 
by Governor Thomas C. Fletcher to fill the same position, which he held 
until September, 1S60, wlien he was a]")pointed one of tlie judges of the 
Snpi-eme Court, and presided as such until the fall of ISGS. Since he has 
held no office, bnt lias twice run for Congress against lion. A. II. Buckiier, 
in ]872 as the Tiepublican candidate, and as an inde]»cndent candidate in 
ISVS. Mr. Fagg is a man endowed with broad and comprehensive views, 
and acquitLed himself Nvilii honor iii all the positions he has filled; a firm 
advocate of right, yet courteous in his bearing toward tliose with whom he 
came in contact. Since retiring from judicial anti political 'honors he has 
snc'cessfiilly engaged in tlie practice of law at Louisiana and St. Louis, remov- 
ing to the latter place in July, 18S2. lie was at one time associated with 
Hon. I). P. Dyer in the law practice, and in June, 1879, his son E. B. y'd<^g 
and Hon. .M. G, KeynoJds, his son-in-law, became associated with him, form- 
ing the present law firm of Fagg, Reynolds tfc Fagg, of Louisiana city. 
jSovemi)er Ij, IS-IT, he married Miss Madora, daughter of Eleazer Block, 
of Ashley, Pike county. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and a Master, and lioyal Arch Mason. 

David Sevens Flag^;, lumber merchant, of Louisiana city, is a native 
of Massachusetts. He was born at Middleton, Middlesex county. May 20, 
1845. He was educated in the public schools, and in the scientific and lit- 
erary school of New London, ."New Hampshire. At the age of sixteen he 
left home and went to Boston, Massachusetts, where he was employed by 
Joel Parker to work on his place in the suburbs of the city, for nearly a 
year, when the same gentleman procured liim a situation as a clerk in a 
wholesale and retail furniture establishment in the city, where he remained 
until 1801, when he became desirous to try his fortune in the west, and 
that year he came to Chicago, Illinois, and soon after his arrival there he 
■was employed by the United States goverinnent as a member of a pioneer 
corps, and was sent to Tennessee, The duty of his corps was to go in ad- 
vance of the Federal troops and rebuild bridges destroyed by the Confeder- 
ates, and he was manj- times placed in hazardous and dangerous positions, and 

:^ .1 

• 1 . ;: M- 

I J.I 

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in tli€^ battles of Johnson villc aiul Nashville took ]>nrt as a private soldier, 
tliat be! lie: a contiiioreot requirement of his corp.?. After the close of tlie 
war, in the fall of 1^65, he nia<le a short visit at his home in i\Jassac'hr. setts, 
and in the sprint^ of 1S6H he cauje to Missouri and located at Centralia, 
Boone county, where he was variously employed i'w a time, when, havinfr 
acquired some knowledge of carpentering while in tlio army, he be^-ari to 
conti-act in build iug, v.-hieli he followed nearly a year, when, on account of 
failing health, tJie result of exposure while in tlic army, lie returned to 
Massachusetts and farmed his father's farm one year. In the spring of 
1SG9 he returned to Centralia, ]\[issouri, and resumed the business of buiid- 
iuir and contractino;, and in the followiui^ year added to it dealinf in lum- -I 
ber. Kis lumber trade rapidly iucreasino' he abandoned t))at of buildinc '■ 
and devoted liimself exclusively to the lumber business. In lS7o he J 
established a general yard at Louisiana, and supplied his yards at Centralia .1 
and one he had c.-^tablished at Miami, Missouri, vrhich were cuuducted by j 
managers up to 1S7S, when he discontinued his branch yards and concen- 
trated them aL Louisiana, where he is now doing au extensive busi- 
ness. Mr. Flagg's success is an exemplification that doino^ well whatever 1 
is found to du leads to success. He came west with no capital, excepting a 
determined and resolute will, and by hard work and persevering energy [ 
has secured for himself a pleasant and lucrative business footing. Septem- ] 
ber 22, IS SO, lie married Miss Ella iS'ora, daughter of Joseph Pollock, of / 
Louisiana city. ^ ' • j\ 

Frederick DruinniOiid Flye, manager of the Fre(5man Box and Wooden ?j 

Ware Manufacturing Company, of Louisiana, is a native of Pike county, Mis- ] 

sonri, and was born at Louisiana, January 7, 1S59, where he was raised and 'i 

educated, and lived with his parents until 3S79, when he began busi- j 

ness for himself as a grocer, and followed that business until ISbO, when he j 

engaged in packing ice for the trade, which proved unprofitable on account 'i 

of his ice house being flooded by the high water of the Mississippi Piver, j 

when he was soon after employed as a clerk by \i. C. Freen^an in his j 
wooden ware factory, and was with him one year, when he, with Mr. Fi-eeman 

and others, incorporated the Freeman Box and ^\'ooden VN'^are ^Manufactur- I 

ing Company, of Louisiana, of which lie became manager and now holds | 
that position, ^fay 2*5, 1S80, he mjirried Fannie, daughter of W. C. Free- 
man, of Louisiarja, by whom he has one child, Walter. 

Reuhen Lu<llain Foster, of the firm of llnse, Loomis & Co., ice pack- 
ers and shippers, was born at Millville, on Morris lliver, Xew Jersey, April - 
3, 1815. Wlien he was nine years of age he went with his parents to P'lil- 





adeljUiia, reniisylvfinia, wlierc Lis lutlier died tlie following year. At the 
age of sixteen he was thrown upon his own resources for maintenance, 
by the death of his mother. lie then began to work in the brass foundry 
of Tliomas Ilogers, of J'hiladelphia, with whom l»e worked six years, up to 
IS'37, and during tliat time rcceivcl his education by attending night school. 
He then worked in tlie lamp and chandelier works of Cornelius c<: Son, of 
I'hiladelphia, until 181^2, when he weut to Cliieago, Illinois, and was em- 
p^loyed as a sailor, and followed that avocation until 184S, when he became 
master of the brig Susan A. Clark, plying between Chicago and Buifalo, a 
position he held for twelve years, up to 1S60, and during that time he Ijad 
also become a ship owner. Leaving the lakes in 1800 he went to Peru, 
Illinois, where in 18G1 he became associated with William L. Hues, of St. 
Louis, and H. G.Loomis, of Chicago, in the firm name of Hues, & 
Co.. and en£rao:ed in the ice business. In 1872, in the interest of the same 
company, he came to Louisiana city, and built ilic commodious and exten- 
sive ice houses at the confluence of the Salt and Mississippi rivers, with a 
capacity of storing 36,000 tons of ice, their markets being St. Louis, Mem- 
phis, Vicksburg, Helena and other southern cities. In 187G he was elected 
a member of the city council of Louisiana, and has been re-elected and tilled 
that position ever since. December 23, 1844, he married Lucia Hues, of 
Chicago, by whom he has six children: Samuel S., of Alton, Illinois; Y\"il- 
liam J., of Louisiana city; George F., of Little Rock, Arkansas; Clara S., 
wife of liev. M. L. Curl, of Hannibal, ]^[issouri; James H., of Louisiana 
city; and Nellie, stili at home. Himself, wife, and daughter Xellie, are 
members of the Seventh Street M. E. Church, of Louisiana. He is a mem- 
ber of Perseverance Lodjie xs o. 92, A. F. S: A. M., of Louisiana. 

W iiiiam CarroU Freeman, president of the Freeman Pox and Wooden 
"Ware Manufacturing Company of Louisiana city, and }»roprietor of the 
City Foundry and Machine Shop, was born near Perryville, Perry county, 
Tennessee, September 7, 1830. When eleven years of age he removed with 
bis parents to Pike county, Illinois, they settling on a farm near the Miss- 
issippi Ptiver opposite Louisiana, where he lived with his parents until he 
was twenty-two. His father being a mill-wright as well as a farmer he 
learned that trade and mechanical engineering. He woi-ked at various 
places until 1SG2 when he built a saw-mill in Pike county, Illinois, which in 
1865 he removed tu Louisiana city, and where he followed saw-milling until 
1872, after which the mill was changed over into a box and wooden ware 
factory. He being a genius lie patented a machine to manufacture wooden 
scoops for grocers' use without steaming or bending the wood, which, for 

I t .. 




I ! 



economy in labor :i.nd uiateriul, excelled any nuiehine of that kind. It 
\voi'l:b autoinaucally, a!"id saw.s the in^torial in such a way that there is no 
^vns'age. He l)egon to nianuiactiu'e ihe scoo]is .on a siual! scale, h-ut the 
dennind soon become so great that more capital was required to increase 
tl.'C business that he had at liis contrul, when, in ISSl, a stock company was 
organized, by which he was cliosen ]jresideut. In 1ST2 he, with William ■ 
Jackson, founded the city founch-y and machine shop on the corner of Fonrtli 
and Tennessee streets, Mr. Jackson being wnth him one year, and since then 
he has been sole proprietor and carries on an extensive business, requiring 
larger and more extensive shops and machinerj. He manufactures steam 
engiiies, saw and grist-mills, and house and ornamental castings. He has 
never held any ollJce except that of councilman cnm terni. he refusing to 
accept any, as his business demanded his whole time and attention. March 
29, 1S5.5, he married Miss Susan E. Willson, of YA Dara, Illinois, by whoin 
he hns four daughters: Sarah. E., wife of James I.audrum, of El Dara, Illi- 
nois; Myra; Fannie, wife of Fred. I). Flye, manager of the Freeman Wooden 
Ware Factory; and May. He is a Master Mason and member of Globe 
Lod2:e No. 495, A. F. it A. ?vr.. of Louisiana, in which he has tilled all the 
stations exceptirig Master. He is now Senior Warden. 

- William Harririon Gleuii. sheriff of Pike county, was born in Louisi- 
ana, Missouri, September 20, 1838, where he was raised. At the early age 
of nine years he began to work in the tobacco factory of Yanh.orn, Hen- 
derson & Co., and was thus employed, and attended school in the winter, 3 
until he was twenty years of age. In the spring of IS'oS he was employed 1 
as foreman in the tobacco factory of Sherman 6c ^Tay, of Flint Hill, St, 
Charles county, Missouri. Three months after he became Mr. May's suc- 
cessor, chansriniT the firm name to Sherman 6c Glenn, and from that time 
up to 1S75, excepting from 1S59 to 1S»H, when he pursued farming near 
Frankford, he was interested in the manufacture of tobacco at Flint Hill, 
St. Louis, and Louisiana, as a member of different firms. His firm being 
burnt out at Louisiana in 1S75 they were obliged to suspend business, w^ien 
he was employed as foreman in tlie tobacco factory of John G. ^Meyers, of 
Louisiana. In 1876 he was euiployed in the same capacity in the tobacco 
factory of A. Tinsley 6c Co. In 1S77 he was induced by the tobacco mau- 
ntacturers of Louisiana to en<2:atre in handlino: leaf tobacco when be opened 
a commission tobacco warehouse, to which he has added wood, coal, and 
draying. In the spring of 1S7S he was appointed marshal of Louisiana, 
and served until ISSO when he resigned, and in the same year he was elected 
constable of Buffalo township. In 1831 he was elected sheriff of Pike 


county, and is r.ow an incumbent of that office. In 187G ho received t!ie 
ayipointnient ot" chief of (he tire departniont of Loiiisiaiia, and fftill holds 
that jiosition. Doceinbor '20, ISOit, lie married ]\[ary E. Thurmon, of near 
Louisiana. They liave tiiroe children: Edward A., associated with his 
father, Mary Nora and Jennie June. lie is a member of Evening Star 
TiOdfre l^o. 2S, I. O. (). F,, and a charter member of Jiisin.o- Sun Lodge No. 
22, A. O. U. W., FriisoM Lo^k'e ^\'o. 1S75, K. of H.. and Anchor Lodge Xo. 
fiO, K. of r., all of Louisiana. 

William Omar Gray, attorney at law, is a native of Missouri. He was 
born cm a farm in St. Charles county, August 20, ISiO. When he was 
seven years old iiis parents removed to St. Cliarles where he lived with 
them and attended school until 1S60, and in the fall of tbar year he went 
with them to Moberly wliere he attended school two years, after which, he 
took charge of a store for his father at Sturgeon, Missouri, conducting the 
business there ujitil his futher's death in 1.^*3 T. In 186i< he entered Central 
College at Fayette, Missouri, graduating from that institution in the class 
of J STL He then taught the high school of Bloomington, Missouri, as 
principal, and had cliarge of the ]iublic school at Sturgeon, Missouri, until 
1873, when he accepted the position of principal in the preparatory depart- 
ment of Central College, and taught there until 1875, when lie came to 
Louisiana and entered the law olHce of W. II. ]\ron'ow as a student and 
partner, he haviug previously studied law privately, and was admitted to 
the bar at vSturgeon in the fall of that year. In ISSl he received the ap- 
pointment of city attorney of Louisiana and was reappointed in 1SS2. Jan- 
uary, ISSO, he was appointed by the judge of the circuit court receiver of 
tlie Louisiana Journal^ it being in the hands of the sheriff under an execu- 
tion, he conducting its puldication as such until May, 1881, when he pur- 
chased it, becoming its proprietor and editor, and ]>ublished it until Octo- 
ber, ISSl, when lie sold it to its present proprietors. Parsons & Hoss. May 
22, 1S79, he married Mary, daughter of J. M. Gentry, of Louisiana, Mis- 
souri. They have two children: Henry L. and Mabel. IFimself and wife 
are members of the M. L. Cliurch South. In 1S7S he was a delegate to the 
general conference held at Atlanta, Georgia, and has represented his dis- 
trict in the annual confei'ence for eight years, and has been sabbath-school 
superintendent for four years. 

James Warren Gritlitll. farmer, post-office Louisiana, v.-as born in Pike 
county, this state, September 19, lS2o. lie is the son of Wilberand Martha 
(Warren) Grifnrh, both natives of l>ourbon county. Kentucky, who came to 
i^lissourl in 1S19 and settled in J^ike cuunty. Our sifoject was reared at his 

'«!(■; ;- )! I 


BIOCrRAl'iriCAL SKKTCnES. ' 691 

birthplace, aiul at the a^^e of iiineteen lie beo-an ]ilc for himself by leaniiiii^' 
the coopei'ini,^ business, which lie followed in connection with farming up to 
1^55. ]J.e tlien ^i^ave up the co(.>])ering busint-ss and lias devoted all liis 
t-nergies to his fine farm, the llourish'ng condition of which fully attests 
Ills skill as a manager, and his comfortable home with its tasteful snironnd- 
ings show that he knows how to make his home attractive for his family, as 
well aa to tlic stranger who comes within his gates. 

Jiulsoil Monroe Guile, dealer in boots arsd su.»es, was born near Har- 
vard, Illinois, February 21, 1852. ITo came to Missouri witli his parents in 
1S61, they settling near La Grange, in Lewis county, where he lived until 
tlie fall of iSGii, when they rcrrioved to Palmyr;?, in Marion county, where 
Ids died in 1S6S. lie then went uith his mother to Clai'ksville, Pike 
county, where, when seventeen years of ago, he began to do for himself, and 
maintained his mother by working at the trade of shoemaking. In 1&72 he 
left Clarksville. taking his mother with him, and went to Pleasant Hill, Illi- 
nois, where he followed slioemaking until 1ST4, when he came to Louisiana 
and became associafed with G. A. Peid in manufacturing and dealing in 
boots and shoes, in theiirm name of Peid 6: Guile. Mr. Reid retiring soon 
after, he has contiimed in tise biisiness ever since. Although left penniless | 

and without a father's care at an early age, and while not oidy main- ' 

taining himself but his mother aL-o, he has succeeded in establishing him- i 

self in a lucrative and prosperous business. April 9, 187-i, he married • 

Emma J. Stillman of Louisiana, by whom lie has four children: Jennie •] 

Esther, Mabel Terry and Minnie Purt (twins), and Henry Franklin. He is \ 

a Master Mason and member of the lodge at Louisiana. | 

Edward Hosmer Guiley, of the firm of Lock & Guiley, grocers of 1 

Louisiana, was born in Louisiana, Missouri. August 23, 1S52, where he was ; 

raised. He was educated in the common school and the McAfee, now Mc- j 

Cune, College of Louisiana. At the age of sixteen, in 1808, he began to j 

clerk in the grocery store of JI. P. Prown, and afterwards clerked for Weir i 

& Brown, Dreyfus, Jordan & Co., and Joseph Pollock, up to 1870, when he I 

became associated with T. W. Lock in the ijrocery business in tlie firm name j 

of Lock 6z Guiley. He started out in life in his boyhood witii nothing, but | 
by attention to business and ])atient industry he has placed himself among 

the prosperous business men of native city, a well-merited reward. Sep- j 
tember 9, 1878, he married Sudie E., daughter of W. H. Miller, of near 
Louisiana. Himself and wife are members of the Fourth Street ^L E. 
Church South. 

/• i..»<n 


Jolni V/ni Ginui is the sou of Hon. William A. find x\ddie (Shor- 
man) Gaim, find was hon\ at Louisiann, Missouri, iu October, 1S56, where he 
Vv-as raised and educated in the iiigli school of tliat place. When fourU'ou 
years of ag-e he began to clerk in the bakery of Charles Harris and was with 
Lira but a short time when he became associated with his father and brother 
in tlie ffrocerv business, iti the firm name of W. A. Gunn & Sous, thev duin^r 
business fur two years, up to 1ST8, when they were succeeded by Baird &: 
Gunn, for wiiom he clerked until 1875, when he established his j-resent 
business, his father beins^ a special partner. In 1878 his brother withdrew 
from the business, since which time he has continued it alone. Mr, Gunn 
is a young. man possessing sterling business qualiiications. He started with 
a small amount of capital, the earnings he carefully saved while clerking, and 
although beginning on a small scale he has built up an extensive trade and 
now ranks with the first grocers of Louisiana city, October 7, 185S, he 
married Sallie A., daughter of E. P. McClellan of Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Himself and wife are members of the M. E. Church South of 
Louisiana. He is a member of Anchor Lodge Xo. 60, K. of P., an.d of 
Unison Lodge No. 1S75, K. of H., of Louisiana. 

William Handsome (Pritchard), artist and photographer, is a native of 
England, and M^as born at Carlisle, Cumberland, J uly 20, 1827, In his 
infancy his parents removed to Glasgow, Scotland, where he lived with 
them until he was seventeen, when he was employed in a cotton warehouse 
until he v\-as nineteen, when he was captivated by the nicely-uniformed | 
conjpauy of the Fourth Poyal Irish Dragoon Guards, while passing through 
the streets of Carlisle. Following them, he enlisted and soon after became 
orderly for General Arbuthnot, and served as such twelve months at Man- 
chester, when he was promoted to corporal and sent to Maidstone to be 
trained and qualified as drill instructor in the riding school, and after a 
thorougli drill of twelve months he joined the regiment at Birmingham. 
In 1851 he purchased his discharge, when he accepted the position of receiv- 
ing warden and physician's assistant in Birmingham borough jail, serving 
as such until 1^52, when he went to Liverpool and became hall keeper in 
St. George's Hall, continuing as such until 1862. Early in life he was fond 
of oil painting, and being a natural artist, he soon became master of the 
brush and palette. On leaving St. George's Hall, he became associated 
with Mr. Qui!lish in the firm name of Quillish S: Handsonie, and engaged 
in })hotographing, and learned that art of and was with Mr. Quillish until 
1S61-, when he emigrated to the United States. He lirst settled at Chicago, 
where he established a photo gallery, and pursued that business until the 

.... : -I . if 

rt [•.■•;.,':.;i^^ ' 

i wf ,i; 

■'. •:•! (<ii 

BiooRAi'inrAL sKT/rcffES. 693 

arrat ('hicaixo fire, in ]S71, wlien lie lost nil he had by l»cin2: burned out. 
In 1ST2 he cnine to Louisiana, ]\J IfRouri, where lie was cni]>loYed for a pliort 
time as operator in the i^-ailery of Samuel ]iiee. He then engaged iu giv- 
ing instructions in oi! painting, being for a time at Quiney, Illinoif-, where 
he took the nom de plume of "Prof. Pritchard.'' He also executed several 
pieces of oi! painting for citi;^enp of Louisiana, therel>y accumulating means 
enough to again engage in ])]jotographing. lie established Iris })resent gal- 
lery and studio, known as " J^ritchaid's," in 1ST3, and built up a lucrative 
business. His paintings that adorn the walls of his studio, and the cample 
photos, shows that they T\-ere executed by the hand of a skilllul master. 
April 15, 1S51, he married Hannah Cole, of JS'orthfield, uear Birmingham, 
England. They are members of Calvary Protestant Epi.^cojial Church, of 

Ricliard JolillSOll I]a"\^kills, cashier of the Exchange Lank, o'f Louisi- 
ana, Iviissouri, v;as born on f fai'ui near J>owling Green, Missouri, February 
10, 1S4-1. He is the son of William G. and ]\iartba (Bondurant) Hawk- 
ins, pioneers of Pike county in 1827, and settled on the farm where our 
subject was born and v\ here lii^ lather still resides. His mother died in 
185-i. He lived with his father until manhood, and obtained only a com- 
mon education. 'When sixteen years of age he enlisted in the Confederate 
; service under General Tom Harris. Soon after his enlistment he was taken 
prisoner by the Federal troops near Mexico, ]\fissouri,and after six months' 
incarceration at Palmyra, Missouri, he was released on parole, when he re- 
turned home; and, as all his father's hands (negroes) had left him, ho 
assisted in the farm work, continuing so until ISGi^ when he came to 
Louisiana and clerked six months in the store of Ayres c^- Iseville, when he 
becrime Mr. jSTevllle's successor, changing tlic firm to Ayres <fc Hawkiris. 
In 1ST4 he retired from the firm and accepted tiie position of book-keeper 
in the }3auk of Pike County. In 1875 he was promoted to cashier. In 
LS76 he resigned that position, having been elected county clerk .of Pike 
county to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of H. C. Campbell. He 
was re-elected in 1S7S, and served until February, 1SS2, when he resigned, 
to accept Ids present position as cashier in the Exchange Lank of Louisiana. 
.November 24, 1S74, he married Fanny, daughter of Dr. J. T. Matson, of 
Kear Louisiana. They have one child, Edward Clifton. He is a j\[aster, 
Poyal Arch, and Knight Templar Mason, and belongs to the lodge and 
chapter at Louisiana and commandery at Bowling Green, and has served 
as recorder and captain general in his commandery for several years. He 

\f .. 

; • 1 

' in 

\, i>r»\ 

» -cU' 

• nia 

694 nisTOUY of pike county. 

is also a ICiii^-ht of rytliias, and served as presiding oQlcer of his lodge at 
Bowline; Green from its or«Tjfinization until )»o left Bowling Green, in 1882. 

Henry LcopoM Hart was born near the Kiver Rhine, in Prussia, 
April 15, 1843. When he was ten years old, his parents being dead, he 
came to the United States with an uncle, with whom he lived one year in 
New York City and attended sciiool. Jn 1855 he came to St. Louis, and 
living with relations attended school up to iStiO, when lie began clerking in 
a wholesale house in St. houis. In 1861 lie established himself in the dry 
goods business at Macon City, Missouri; removing from there to Spring- 
field, Illinois, in 1S6-1-, where he carried on general merchandising until 
1865, when he came to Pike county and follov/ed the same business until 
1869. when he permanently settled at Louisiana and carried on general mer- 
chandising up to 1876, when he disc.Mitinued that business and engaged in 
the real estate business, and about the same time was elected constable and 
deputized sherifl' and county collector, and served as such until 1880. In 
that year lie began to contract with the Chicago & xVlton, and Chicago, Bur- 
lington &■ Qiiincy Railroads to furnish them with stone and timber for 
bridges, and also in bridge building. In 18S3 he, in connection with his 
other business, began the manufacture of cider and vinegar, and dealing 
in green fruits. In ISSl he, with others, incorporated tlie Freeman Box and 
"Wooden Ware Manufactory of Louisiana, of which he was treasurer. June « 
8, 1865, he married Sarah. J. Foster of Petersburg, Illinois. They have one 
child, Stella. He is a Mason and member of Globe Lodge Xo. 495, A. F. A: A. 
M., of Anchor Lodge No. 60, K. of P., and Union Lodge No. 1875, I\. of 
IL, all of Louisiana. 

Hassler Bi'otiiers. Samuel Callaway Ilassler and Michael Jeflerson 
Hassler are sons of John and Elizabeth (Doud) Ilassler. They were both 
born near the village of Williamsburg, ('allaway county, Missouri respec- 
tively, September 1, 1838 and February 29, 1840. Tiiey are of German- 
French origin. Their mother died in 1852 when the family was broken up, 
the elder brotliers leaving home, these two brothers and a sister remain- 
ing with their tather. In 1855 they removed to Montgonjery county and 
engaged in farming near Middletown, where they lived until 1857, when 
thev came to Louisana, brino-ino: their father with them. Their sister havinor 
married in 1856 left them without a housekeeper, and they were obliged to 
keep house for themselves. After coming to Louisiana they supported them- 
selves and their enfeebled father by following such occu{)ations as were pre- 
sented until June, 1858, when thefatherdied. They soon after became appren- 

■ry.< -.i-m 

V ' . I * ' • , J 

' ' >. r 


ticed to learn trades, the elder brother to leara that of bhickstiiithiTio- with 
another brother in Calhiway county, and the younger that of wood turner 
with John T. Herbert of Louiciiaria. In the .v])ring of 1861 they both 
entered the state inilitaiy service in defense of the Union, at Louisiana, and 
were both honorably discharL^^ed in 1862 at the expiration of the enlistment. 
In the summer of 1S02 they jointly followed tjic occupation of wool card- 
ers, at Bowling Green, In the sprinor of ISGo they returned to Louisiana 
and formed a co-partnership with Whitehead it Son for the manufacture of * 
woolen fabrics. In 18C5 they dissolved their co-partnership by mutual con- 
sent, the liassler Brothers removing a part of the machinery to Bockport, 
Bike county, Illinois, where they engaged again in the manufacture of j . 

woolen fabrics, in the firm name of S. C. Ilassler & Brother, and in the j 

meantime the younger brother entered the Union army with a commission | 

as a lieutenant in the volunteer service, and was honorably discharged in 
October, 1SC5, when he attended the Methodist College at Louisiana, until .] 

the close of the term in 1S66, They continued in business at Rockport, -i 

Illinois, until 18G7, when their machinery was destroyed by fire, when .j 

they returned to Louisiana, where the elder brother was employed as fore- | 

man of the Pike County Nurseries and the younger became associated with j 

C. M. Fry in the grocery business, and continued so up to 1876, when j- 

they engaged in the mauulaciure of vinegar and in dealing in green fruits j 

at Louisiana, in the firm name of Ilassler Brothei's, and so continue at this ] 

writing. . . j 

James Xoltou Ilendersoii, post-office, Louisiana, is the son of James ; 

and Mary (Dawson) Henderson, who emigrated from Virginia to Missouri j 

in 1843, and settled in Lincoln county, where they both died. Our subject ] 

was born in Danville, Yii'ginla, December 2S, 1832, and came with his ; 

parents to this county in 1833. His parents both dying when he was a child, he ] 

was raised by strangers until old enough to provide for liimself. He was j 

educated in the common subscription schools, attending during the winter 
terms. In 1850, when eighteen years old, he went to California, where he j 

mined at various places for two years, when he returned to Missouri, After 
his return he euiraged in teachins school in Calumet township in the vicin- 
ity of Clarksville until 1S54-, when he came to Louisiana and took a position 
asaclerk, which he followed until the summer uf 1S55, when he became as- 
sociated with ^Y. G. Thurmond, Thomas Cast, and John Strange, in the firm 
name of Cast, Henderson, Strange & Co., in the manufacture of plug to- - 
bacco, and they v.ere tlie first persons to begin the business in Louisiana. On 
November 11, 1^07, af'.er making their enterprise a success, their factory 

1 ' ■ 'A, 


bunied down, cansinL'" them a loss of thirty thonsund doDars. and closin'^- r.n 
the business. In the following year he. with Messrs. Cn^t and Strani^re. J 
went to Keokuk an.d again engaged in inannfacturing tobacco, which they ^ 
carried on nnti! in JSTO, when they dissolyed the partner^liip, after wliich, | 
until 184:8, Mr. Henderson dealt in leaf tobacco, buying at different points I 
on the Missouri Kiyer and fhi[)pingto iSt. Louis. He then deyoted his time I 
and attention priiicipallj to tlic iniproyemcnt of his fruit farm, in tljc vicinity 
of Louisiana. In lSr»G he was married to Miss Jane Bartlett, daughter 
of Dr. E. M. Dartlett of Louisiana. They have but one child living, Mer- 
rill, lately a student at college, but now at home. xMr. Henderson served as 
a member of the city council of Louisiana for the years 1857, 1S5S, IS.V.), 

Abraham Drydeil Hoss, of the firm of Parsons 6c Hoss, proprietors and 
editors of t'ne Louisiana Jov/'nal, was born near High Hill, Morgan county. 
Missouri, September 0, j S5(.), and moved witli parents in 1S60 to Montgom- 
ery City, and from there to ClarksviHe, Pike county, in ISGo, where soon after 
he began to work in the office of the Cinrksyilio St/iiinel, and continued to 
do so imtil 1S74, y/hen he came with liis mother to Louisiana city and y.-as 
employed in the jRiverside Press otHco l)y J. C. Jamison, where he remair.ed 
until May, ISSl, when he was employed in the oflice of the Louisiana 
Journal until October, 1881, when he, with A. O. Parsons, they having 
worked together in the Jliveiside Press office for about five years, bouorlit 
the Javrnal, of which they are still proprietors and publishers. Mr. Hoss 
is Democratic in politics. He is a printer v.-ell skilled in tlie art, and under his 
foremanship the Journal is second to none in the county in appearance, and 
editorially is wide awake. 

Joseph Stewart Irwin, of the firm of Irv.-in tt Gamble, merchants of 
Louisiana, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, June 18, 1820. His father 
dying when he was an infant he lived with his mother in St. Louis until 1 
1828, when he came with her to Louisiana where he was raised and obtained | 
a common school education. Being thrown on his own resources in his 
boyhood he acjuired business habits that were the foundation of his future 
success. At the age of fourteen be liegan clerking in the store of Francis 
Gregoir, of Louisiana, and vv'as in his employ two years when, in ISoS, he 
went to Bowling Green, ^Missouri, and clerked in the store of Levi Petti- 
bone until the following spring, when he went to Illinois, where he f-dlowcd 
flat-boating, carrying stock, ])roduce, etc., from Shawneetov.-n, on the Ohio 
River, and New Haven, on the Wabash, to Xew Orleans, continuing it some 
six years, up to 1845, when after making a tour through Ohio, Pen nsylva- 

UIO(ri;ArillCAL r^KETCHES. 007 

Ilia, New York, Illinois, and Missouri lie, with some acqnnintanccs, made an 
overland trip to California. Tlio caravan consisted of seven team? of oxen, 
each team eon.^istin^• c't" for.r yokes, starting from I'^nirlK-ld, IIIinoi^. ^\'ilile 
e)i route over the Sierra Nevada Mountains, their cattle peri.shiuc^ in a storm, 
thev were oblig-ed to abandon their wagons, provisions and clothing, and 
travel on foot to what was then known as l^awsoiTs llanch on the Sacra- 
mento Kivur, arris ing there de:-titnte of means ami j)rovisions, and uhere j 
they snbsisted on beef procured from the immeiiso herds uf cattle then -j 
roaming over the plains. Their only tools being a handax and an auger, 
they built a boat of the native limbei-, ten by thirty feet, on which tliey \ 
lloated to Sacramento City, arriving th.erc Dcceu)l)er 2-i. 1849. AVhile ])ass- j 
ing <]uwn tiiO Sacramento Kiver, elk being very numerous they killed eight, . | 
which they sold for twenty-iive cents per pound, which, with the proceeds ] 
of the sale of their boat, replenished their empty excliequer. Sojourning . j 
in ScicrainL-nto some three week^ they v\'ent on foot to I'Jacervillc v.diere they 
wintered in a government tent, their bedding being pine boughs and a 
blanket each. They mined there until the following March wheu thej 
moved to the South Fork of the American lliver where they made two un- 
successfal efiorts to turn the stream for mining purposes by fluming. In 
October, lS5o, they found a ricii lead in Indinn Canyon, where they built a 
double cabin, and successfully mined until September. 1S51. During the 
winter they saw no person excepting the Digger Indians of wdiom there 
were from 5i'>0 to 1,000. At the last date he returned to Fairfield, Illinois, 
where he eiig'iged in the mercantile business until the spring of 1S53, when i 
he returned to Louisiana, Missouri, where he has been engaged in the mer- 1 
cantile busin.ess ever since. In 1872 he became associated with his present | 
partner, John li. Gamble, in the firm name of Irwin & Gamble. February t 
25, 1R63, he married IMary Jane, daughter of John dordan, of Pike countv, 
Missouri. They h.ave four children: James C, clerk in the E.xchan^^-e 
Bank of l>ouisIana, Elizabeth, Charles, and Maggie, all living at home. 
Himself and wife are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of j 
Louisiana. . l 

Captain James Carson Jamison, editor and proprietor of the Ricer- \ 

Huh J^iess, was born on Guinn's Creek near the village of Paynesville, Pike | 

county, Missouri, September 30, 1830. He is the second son and llfth child | 

of John Cuwden and Mai'garet \Torence) Jamisori, and is c»f Scotch- Irish | 

descejit. His parents came from North Carolina about the year 1S26 and j 

settled on Guinn's Creek, where they lived until about the year 1S37 or \ 

1S3S, when they removed to near Louisville, Lincoln countv. He was edu- ' 

44 1 


cated by nttei^ding the schools kept in nide log school-liouses where but little 
else was inlVised into tlic minds of the pupils, or instilled into their uutin-c, 
than the lact that they iiiusi be tiioroii^hly whipped it' they expected to 
rise to greiitnes.- in nOer lil'o. In the s])ring of lSi9 he left for California 
in company with James Brown and Enoch Emerson and others. Twenty 
miles east of Fort. Kearr.ey he joined the Wisconsin Star Company, com- 
posed of l.ncins Fairchild, then a boy, afterwards governor of Wisconsin, 
Captain "W". G. Monroe, aiid about thirty others. He arrived in Sacramento 
in October. He engaged in mining and other pursuits until th« Cuban 
excitement, when, in company with several other gentlemen, he left the min- 
ing district and started for Cuba, but on arriving at San Francisco he learned 
of the death of General Crittenden and abandoned the expedition. In 
Decembe)-, 1S55, in company with iil'ty otliers, besides Captain Koris's com- 
pany of a hundred men, he took a steamer, being destined for the Nicaraguan 
army, kriown as filli busters. Before reaching San Juari Del Sur he was 
elected first lieutenant commanding, the captain (Luke) remaining behind 
for four days. "While at sea Captain Js^oris's men and half of Lieutenant 
Jamison's men mutinied and attempted to break into the steamer's store- 
house, when, to prevent a collision between them and the ship's crew, he 
threw himself between (he enraged contestants and came near losing his 
life. W hen he arrive'd at Grenada, December lY, 1855, he was commissioned 
a first lieutenant in the regular army and assigned to duty in the First Ivegi- 
ment of Light Infantry, and soon afterwards was ordered to !^[asagua wliere 
he v.-as stationed for several months. On the 11th da}- of April, 1S56, lie 
participated in the tei-ribly fought battle of Rivas between General Walker 
and General Mora, in which General Walker was repulsed. Lieutenant 
Jamisoii was left on the field severely wounded, but by chance secured a 
mustang ])ony, and rode, bareback, shoeless, hatless, and almost naked, to 
the cit}' of Grenada, sixty-five miles distant, without having his wounds 
dressed. Lieutenant Jamison was promoted to a captaincy for meritorious 
gallaTitry in this battle. Again he was in the severely contested battle 
fought by General Walker and the allied forces of five states under General 
Ballosa, which resulted in a victory for General Walker. Upon the close 
of these battles Captain Jamison was granted a furlough, and instructed to 
return to the United States and recruit men for the service, but when he 
arrived at Xevv Orleans and learned of the surrender of General AValker to 
Captain Davis of the United States Navy he proceeded no further. In the 
]ate war he vv-as an officer in the Confederate army. For a long time he 
was held a pfisoner in the following places: Louisiana city, Quincy, Gra- 

'• . ■ 1 


'■ I ' ..1 . ; 1 

Bio<iKArnrcAL sketches. G99 

tiot street, St. Louis, Johnson's Island, Fort McIFenry and Fort Xorfolk, 
and was finally exchanged at City Point. June 27, 1867, he, with William 
S. Pepper, bouy;ht tlie Clarksvillc Sentinel. He. afterwards bought Mr. 
Pcpjicr's intc'-ost and continued to ]>uljlish the paper, selling it in October, 
1SG9. lie then bought the Rlvemult' I^resa of Louisiana, which he pub- 
lished until October, 1S7!), when he sold it, and in March, 18S0, made a 
prospecting four to Colorado. He returned to Louisiana July 1, 1880, and 
during that month Itonght the Pike Counin Express at Bowling Green and 
change<l the name to Boidinrj Green 2m<;.<f, which he sold October 1, 18sO, 
and the same day bought back the Riverside Press at Louisiana. June 10, 
18G2, while a prisoner on }>arole, ho married Miss Sallle A., daughter of 
James M. White, of CJarksville; by whom ho has oiie daughter, Anne Block, 
lie was made a Master Mason in Ciarksvllle Lodge No. 17 in 1858, and is 
now a member of Globe Lodge Ko. 495, of Louisiana, and is a charter 
member of Riverside -Lodge Xo. 22, A. O. U.W., of Louisiana. 

Heui'V Claj' Jolnisoi!, liveryman, v/as born on a farm in Pike county 
Missouri, four miles west of Boiling Green on the Mexico road. May 22, 
•1842. rie is the son of Benjamin H. and Maria (Langford) Johtison. 
His father dying when he was eleven years old he remained on the home- 
stead with his mother until his twentieth year, when he went to farming 
for himself, which he followed for nine vears, when, in 1871, heeno-ao-ed in 
the livery business at Bowling Green. February 3, 1881, he engaired in 
the livery business at Louisiana in connection with his stable at Bowlincr 
Green. May 19, 1804, he married Miss Harriet Frier, of Bowling Green, 
by whom he has three children, Lizzie, ]jennie,and Willie. He is a member 
of lodge ]So. — , I. O. 0. F., at Bowling Green. 

William Augustas Jordan, senior member of the milling firm of 
Jordan, Estes & Patrick, proprietors of the Diamond Flouring Mills at Lou- 
isiana. He is a native of Pike county, Missouri, and was born on a farm 
in the vicinity of LouiaiHua June 12, 1842. His parents both dying before 
he was nine years old, he lived with relatives until he was fourteen, when 
he came to Louisiana and attended school until he was seventeen, wlien, in 
1S59, he began clerking in the drug store o( his brother and H. Richmond, 
and clerked for them and others up to 18t;5, when he became associated 
with H. Richmond in the dry goods business in the firm name of Rich- 
mond & Co., and was engaged in that business one year. He then rented 
the homestead farm of the other heirs and pursued farming until 1870, when 
he engaged in the grocery business in Louisiana, in which he continued 
either a'one or associated with others up to 1881, when he discontinued it. 

■. .' ■ J-r 

I' < 




In 1882 lie bonp^lit an interest in tlie Diamond Flouring Mills, in Louisiana 
aijd in August of that year he became associated \'/ith Jnracs A. Estesand J. 
].eslie Fatrick, in the iirm name of Jordan, Estes e*c I'atrick. They are 
doing an cxten?i\-e businesr-, shipjiino' flour nut only to vuriuus states iu the 
Union, but to En<j^land. April lU, J8G7, he manied Miss Carrie M., daugh- 
ter of the late Dr. Beverly Coalter of Clai-ksvillo, but who was raised by her 
uncle, Hon. Hamilton li. Gamble of St. Louis. They have three childi-en, 
Carson Gamble, Carrie, and l)everly. Himself and wife are member^ of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Louisiana. He is a member of Perse- 
verance Lodge Ko. 95, A. F. & A. Af., of Louisiana. 

Jrlliies ^lai'lon Jump, liveryman, of Jjouisiana, was born on a farm seven 
miles south of Louisiana. He is the son of Isaac N. and Susan (Stark) 
Jump. "When he was thirteen years of api;e his parents removed to the farm 
that was Lis birthplace, where he followed farming until 1882, wheri, rent- 
ing his farm, he came to Louisiana and established hiiliself in the livery bus- 
iness. November 2, 1875, he married Miss Lizzie Pickens of near Louis- 

Clayton Keitli, M. D., was born at Chillicothe. Missouri, March 7, 1817, ' 
where he was reared and educated up to his sixteenth year, when he entered 
the Kentucky L^niversity at Lexington, Kentucky, and graduated from the 
literary, scientific, and classical department of that institute, June 26, 18G8. 
Having the miiiistry in view he graduated from the theological department 
of the same in tiie following year. He soon after became pastor of the 
Christian Church at Louisiana and preached acceptably one year. He then 
took charge of the Christiaii Church, at Hannibal, Missouri, where he 
preached six months, when, by the earnest solicitation of his father. Dr. 
"William Keith of Chillicothe, he resigned that charge and entered Pope's 
Medical College at St. Louis, taking two summer and two winter courses, 
and graduated as M. D. from the same, March 7, 1872. He then entered 
the Quarantine Hosj)ital of St. Louis as assistant physician under Dr. C. V. 
L. Brokavv', and six months after he was promoted to assistant surgeon in 
charge of the city hospital under Dr. T. F. Prewitt. He resigr.ed that 
position in 1873 after serving one year, and opened an ofhce in St. Louis 
and practiced medicine and surgery one 3"ear, and during that time was 
secretary of the St. Louis Medical Society and a reporter for the St. Louis 
Medical and Siirgieal Journal. In October, 1874, he removed to Louisi- 
iana, Missouri, where he has an extensive practice. He makes the treat- 
ment of diseases of the eye and surgery a specialty. In 1882 he was chosen 
secretary and superintendent by the Pike County Loan c*j Building Asso- 


r.i ) 

" 'A 


.. . -J 






ciation of Lom'siana, ami is now holding the position. In 1870 lie wrote 

the Centennial History of Tike Conntv for t])e Old Sofller Association of I 

J'ike county. June 5, 1ST3, he was united in nianiagt? with ]\r:iry, daughter 

of (>a])r. George. Barnard of Louisiana. Tliey hiivothi-eo dilldrcn: Barnard j 

C, William F., and Leon G. Himself and wife are nienihers of the Chris- j 

tian Church of Louisiana, of which he is teaching elder. J 

Henry Kllhlniaiin, s^roecr, of Louisiana, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
June 3, ISlt). He cajne to Louisiana with his parents when he was ten 
years of ago, where he lived vrith them until innnhood, and was educated .1 

by attending the schools of Louisiana. Wlien he was eigliteen he began to ! 

roll tobacco in the factories of Louisiana, working three seasons, when, in | 

3 8G7, he began' to work in the lumber yard of George L. Carson and worked | 

for him until 1SG9. after which he worked one year in the lumber yard of \ 

Dreyfus vfc Hill. In 1S71 he began clerking and continued so up to 1S31, i 

when he bought out his employer, Philip Znzak, and established his present j 

grocery business. Mr. ]\uhlmann, like several other young business men of 1 

Louisiana, began his business career with a smrdl capital saved up froni his 1 

earnings while clerking. He has laid the foundatioii for future success and 1 

possesses the vim and enterprise rerpiisite for a successful business man. . | 

May 21, 1S71, he married Azelia, daughter of J. C. Kose of Loui-siana. j 

They have four children: John William, Harry, Maggie Bose, and I'rank. | 

Himself and wite are members of tlie Christian Church of Louisiana. He is a 
member of Unison Lodge No. 187, Iv. of IL. and Iliverside Lodge Xo. 22, 
A. O. L^. W. of Louisiana. 

Thomas Walter Lock, grocer, of Louisiana, was born near Charlcstown, 
Jefferson county, A'irginia, December S, 1S12. In 1851 he came with his 
parents to Missouri, they settling near Truxton, ]\Iontgomery county, where 
Le lived with them until manhood and received an education by attending 
the Truxton high school, under Prof. Frank Williams, several years. On 
leaving home, in 1S62, he vrent to St. Louis, where he was employed as 
weigher in the Xorth Missouri Stock Yards until 1S05. He then engaged 
in farming near Manchester, St. Louis county, Missouri, until 18o8, when 
he went to Italls county and engaged in general merchandising on the pike 
road running from Hannibal to Puris, up to L?TO, and while there was ap- 
pointed postmaster. He then came to Louisiana city and became associated 
with John D. Field in the grocery business. They discontinuing that busi- 
ness in 1872 lie Mont to Garrolton, Missouri, and engaged in the same 
business until 18T1, when he returned to his fnrm in St. Louis county and 
followed farming a short time, when he sold out and removed to ClarksvIIie, 

I ■. ;!.,-: i.; 

"■ .tin;{f' 


' A 

702 liK^TORY or I'IKE COUJ^TV. 

Missouri, and engaged in the grain and commission business nntil 1878, 
wlien lie, witli 1>. F. Yale?:, Nvent ir)to (he grocery bu&iness until ]&80, '.vlien 
he retired tVuni the business and came to Louisiana. In ISSO, before leav- 
ing Clai'hsvillt;, he was appointed euMuierutor and took the census of Chirh.s- 
ville. At Louisiana he became associated M'ith E. IL Gniley in the grocery 
business in the firm name of Lock S: Gniley, and so continues. May 16, 
1871, he married Miss Amanda Long, of St. Louis, Tiiey have <;ne child, 
Ethel Mary. He is a iCnight of lienor and Uicmber of the lodge at 
Louisiana, and a Master Mason and member of the lodge at Clarksville. 

Wiiliaiii Yincent Loiiei'^'aii, is the son of Patrick and Ellen (Dris- 
coll) Loncrgan, and was born at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, September 7, 
lSi7. He lived with his parents at birthplace, Pittsburgh, and Cinciu- 
.nati, up to 1855, when they came to Louisiana, where he lived with them 
nntil attaining his majority, lie was educated by attending St. Yincent'e 
Academy, at Cape Girardeau, Dtlissouri, and Pardee College, at Louisiana. 
Li ISGS he was deputized sheritT by his father and served two years. ] n 1 S71 
he w>is employed as a clerk in the store of Dreyfus Sc Waracek, of Louisi- 
ana, and was with them one year. In 1872 he attended the commercial 
college, at Quincy, Illinois,' from which he graduated in May of that year. 
He was then employed as clerk in the grocery store of E. F. Mathews, of 
Louisiana, until the following year, when he took charge of the ferryboat 
"City of Louisiana," and run it until 1S76, when he was employed as a 
clerk in the grocery store of Dreyfus t*c Co., and was with them and their 
successor, Joseph I\)llock, uj) to 1S79, wlien he became associated with his 
brother, Albert C, in the drug busiiiess at Louisiana, in the firm name of 
Lonergan Brothers, November 12, 1879, he married Tiuty K., daughter of 
J. TV. Soward, of Louisiana. They h.ave one child, Ilaymond. He is a 
member of St. Josepdi's Catholic Church, of Louisiana. 

Albert C. Lonerg'ail, M. I),, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 2, 1852. 
When he was three years old his parents, Patrick F. and Elleu D. 
(Driscoll), came to Louisiana, where he was reared and lived with 
them until manhood. He was educated at St. Vincent's Academy, at 
C'ape (-lirardeau, Missouri, and :it the College of the Christian Broth- 
ers, of St. Louis, Missouri. Tti June, 1SG8, he began the suuly of 
medicine in the office of L>rs. Peytiolds, Gatewood A: Peynolds, of Bowl- 
ing Green, Missouri. After taking two courses of lectures at the St. 
Louis Medical College, he graduated from that institution as ^L D. in 
March, 1S73. He at once began the practice of medicine at Louisiana 
and 60 continues at this writing. ^Sovember 10,1881, he married Jennie 

.r:j •»; 

I ■-'M'./TJfK 

f:.i- /. ■ - - /,' I 

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L., daiigliter of Colonel John M. Milroj, Jecciiscd, late of Lonisiaua. Tbcy 
liave one child, John Milroy. Durijig 1874 he held the ])ORitioii of citv 
]>liysiciaii of Louisiana. Ja 1S70, in coniieetiun -with his j.iactice, he be- 
came associated with his brother. William Y.. in the drus: business in the 

firm name of Lonergan Brothers, a business wliich they still follow. j 

Tiioiiias McGinnis, i^roeer, Louisiana, ISIissouri, was born near Waynes- j 

buri,^, Green county, I'ennsylvania, July 25, IS'29, where he lived until he I 

was twenty years of age. Plis parents both died before he was fourteen. | 

When ei^'hteeii he began learning the carpenter's trade at llniontown, M-herc 1 

be worked over a year. He then went to Washington, wheie he worked at :'j 

car[)entering six months. In 3 850 he came west and worked at St. Loni,?, j 

^lissouri, and Keokuk, Iowa, until 185L when he came ro Pike county and -1 

located at Louisiana, where he worked at his trade until ISGl, where, after 1 

serving three months as a home guard, he enlisted in company A, Fifth ."? 

Eegiment Missouri state troops, and served six monthvS, when he enlisted I 

in company D, First Eegirnent Missouri Volunteer Infantry, for three ^ 

years or during the war. May 5, 1864, he was disciiarged for disabilities, 4 

when he returned to Loaislaria and resumed work at his trade until the fall -j 

of 1882, when ho engaged in the grocery busin.ess. In February, 1852, he !. 

married Clara Minerva Webber, of Louisiana. Missouri, by whom he has ]' 

seven children. lie is a member of the Cumberland Presbj'terian Church, -• 

and his wife is a member of St. Joseph's Catholic Church. Fie is a mem- ] 

ber of the Major "Wilson Post, G. A. R, of Louisiana. | 


William Laii^ley ^tcQuie. Esq., a pioneer of Pike county, and is sup- ^ 

posed to be the oldest man now living in the county, is of Scottish (origin. '] 

His grandfather, John McQuie, came from Scotland and settled in Yirginia ] 

some time previous to 1753. "William McQuie, father of the subject of this i 

sketch, was born in that year, who also became a soldier in the Jlevolution- ] 

ary War v/hcn about sixteen years of age, and afterwards married Sallie ; 

Prooks, by wdiom he had nine children. William Langley, the third son, j 

was born on a farm near Richmond, Amelia county, Yirginia, February 8, i 

1790, and wlien he was an infant his parents removed to Kentucky, and set- j 

tied on a fartn it^ Garrard county, near the mouth of Dix Piver, where he was 1 

raised and educated. When beconiing of age. in 1811, he was emplo^'ed as an 

overseer by his father, and superintended his father's plantation until 1814, ' 

when he fitted out a keel-boat, which he loaded with whisky, and set out for j 

St. Louis, then a small French .village, where, after disposing of his cargo j 

of whisky, he remained about a year, buying furs and bufFalo robes of the j 

Indians, who came tliere to rreat with Governor Clark, who was governor of | 

/. '. M. .• . -ul 

' I'l 


. i 


the territory, whiclj, after obtaininor a good supply, he ship|>ed to Loui/villo, ^ 

Keiituckj, 111 1S15 lie retnri\e<l to his ftithcr's plaiitatiun, iu G;irr;ird | 

coup.ty, Kentiicky, where ]ie, with liis brother John, eni;aged in ninniifivc- 
turiiio; chewing tobacco, in the firm iinnie of John & William L. McQuie, 
they shipping their tobacco to New Orleans and other sontherri cities. In 
1819, after rjiiitting the tobacco business, he rented a farm four miles south 
of Lexington, Kentuchy, and pursued fanning one 3'eai', wlion he purchased 
a tract of Umd in Jessamine county, Kentucky, which he had cleared by his 
slaves, and where he ]>ursued farming until 1829, when lie came to Mis- 
souri, and settled in Tike county. In 1S20, while living near Lexington, 
he came near losing his lite, by being poisoned by a ehive woman, who im- 
portuned him to ]»urcha^e her to save her froia,beiiig sent to the slave mar- 
ket in New Orleans. He had owned her but a day when she tried to poison 
him, b}' putting some unknow"n substance iu his food, aiid the same night 
she, with her husbund, vc.ii av;a_y. They starCed for Canada, and were over- 
taken some forty miles on their way and arrested, and sent to New Orleaivs, 
"where they were sold on the block. Though narrowdy escajjiiig, his life was 
endangei'ed for tliirty afterwards. I'he expense of his sickness and 
the mismanagement of his overseer depleted his means to such an extent 
that when he came to I'ike county ho hrui to begin almost emj^ty h.anded. 
During the first winter he taught school in Louisiana, and in the following 
spring settled on his present farm, two and a half miles west of Louisiana 
city, where he still resides, and wdiere, for o^■er fifty years, he has pursued 
farming, It'r.ding a quiet, ]ieaceable life. During the late war he was a con- 
servative Union man, but, being a southerner by birth and education, and a 
slave-owner, he could not approve of the enuancipatiou of slaves without 
leuraneration. Many inieitsting events of his life could be narrated, but 
our space will not permit us. September 1, 1SV.\ he married Martha A,, 
daughter of Major Archibald Morrison, of Woodford county, Kentucky, 
who died on the homo,-: tend October S. 1873, in her seventy-fourth year. 
Early in life she became a member of the N. S. Presbyterian Church, and 
when she came to Pike county slic joined the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church at Louisiana by letter, of which she was a consistent member until 
her death. By her Christian graces she moulded the character of her fam- 
ily, and drew around her many friends, who deeply felt her loss when she 
passed away. Tliey had seven children: John ]\r., of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky; William A., of Pike county; Mary J., wife of Dr. A. C. Pobinson, 
of Louisiana city; Archibald B., of Pike county; Edward B., superintend- 
ing the homestead; and tv/o unmarried daughters, Sarah and Pebecca, v/ho 


..'• . ; 1 

1.1 o 


Still live witii their father. Mr, McQuic ^va^ baptij^ed when nu infant and 
brought up a Methodist by Ins mother, but was a member of no church 
ijnti! after the death of iii- wife, in IST-j, wlion he joined the Cumberland ' 

Presbyterian Churcdi of Louisiana city. 

William IlanuHoii Morrow, attorney at law, is the son of Joseph and 

Ellen (Lock) Morrow, and was born near Charlestown, the coutity seat of 
Jefferson county, Yir^^inia, November 1, LS37, where he was reared and lived 
with his pai-ents niitil he was nineteen. He was educated at Charle?town 
AcadeTny and at the Ai^ricultural Institute at Aldie. Yiririnia. When he 
left home, in 1S7<>, he came to ^lissouri and e!i:;-aged in teaching- scliool at 
Louisiana, following it some two years, when lie began the study of law in 
tlio office of Dryden <!s: Lipscom, at Paltiiyra, ^Missouri, and was admitted to 
the bar, at the stune place, in 1?G0. wlien he began the practice. In 1S(U 
he returned to Charlestowii, Virginia, where he enlisted in the Confederate 
service as a member of Cotnpany A, Twelfth Hegiment Virginia Cavalry, 
and served during the war. He was promoted, thi'ough all the varioiis 
grades, from private up to major <>f his rcgiaient. lie participated in many 
battles, the most important being Bull Run, AVinchcster, Manassas Junction, 
Antietam, Gettysburg. Fredericksburg, and Petersbui-g. Vriien his brigade 
Wcis retreating from Peterslnirg io Appomattox he was wounded and lel> at 
a country residence, and could not be present at the general surrender tc> 
General Grant, but when he had partially recovered he went to Charles- 
town, Virginia, where he surrendered to MMJor-General Eagen, to whom he 
is indebted for kind treatment and generous aid. As soon as he had recov- 
ered from his wounds lie began teaching a private school in Charlestowu, 
Virginia, and contin.ned it np to 1S6S, when he had accumulated means 
enough to return to Louisiana and resume the ])ractice of law. In ISTO he 
became associated with Tiiornas L. Anderson, Sr,, and Thomas L. Ander- 
son, Jr., in the law p;rac?ice in the firm name of Anderson, Morrow lV An- 
derson; they remaining together until 1ST3. In 187G he became associated 
with W. O. Gray, forming the present law firm of Morrow & Gray. Feb- 
ruary 4, LSi.M. he married Julia, daughter of A. Wilson, of West Virginia* 
They have two children, Minnie Ola and Norval. Himself and wi.^e are 
members of the M. E: Church South. lie is a ]\[aster Mason, and member 
of Perseverance Lodge Xo. 92, A. F. ^ A. M., of Louisiana. 

V.'illiaiil Car.SOil3rodl.sott, station agent at Louisiana for the St. Louis, 
Keokuk and Xortli western Lranch uf the Chicago, Purlington lV: Quincv 
Hailroad. Mr. Modisett was born in Marion county, Missouri, near Pal- 
myra, May 31, ISoti. When two years of age he catne with his parents to 



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Loiiisiaiin, wlicre he \va>: raised and educated. At the ai^e of sixteen he 
began to learn telegraphing^ in tlie Pacific and Atlantic Telegraph Com- 
pany's olfice. aiid was su engaged for i'oav nioiiths, when he was employed 
as night 0})eraror in tht- Chicairo ^Ni: Alton IJailroad ollicc at Louisiana for 
one year, M'hon lie was j>r» inoted to second clerk and day operator, and about 
one year after was ag-ain ]»roTncted agent's assistant, serving the company 
in all six years, when in August, 1S79, ho received the appointment of sta- 
tion agent at Louisiana on the St. Louis, Keokuk and Xorthwestern Branch 
of the Chicago, Jiurlingron <fc Quincy Eailroad. He is a Master and Royal 
Arch Mason, and a member of Globe Lodge Xo. 425, and of Bond Chapter 
No. 23, of Louisiana. He has served his lodge three years as senior warden 
and four years as worshi]..fui masier, and now holds that position. 

William Henry 31i(cliell was bom Jiear Lynchburg, Amherst county, 
Virginia, October 18, li522, where lie was i-aised a farmer and lived until 
October S, 1848, when lie came to Louisiana city and was employed as a 
clerk by Ilobinson, Casli & Co., until the spring of 1S53. He v'as then 
employed in the tobacco manufactory of Gash, Henderson, Straiige iSr Co. 
until ISoS, when he became associated with James .Gray in the grocery 
business, doing business one }ear. Li 1S5S he was elected and served as 
constable of Buffalo township until 1861, when he engaged in the livery 
business and dealing in iiorses and mules until LSG4, wlien he went over- 
land to California with a stock of horses and mules. After disposing of Ins 
stock he returned to Louisiana in 1865. In 1SG6 he v.-as appointed tobacco 
inspector for the fourth disti'ict of ^lissouri, and served until ISGS. He 
then dealt in liorses and mules until 1S70, when he purchased a farm in the 
vicinity of Bosvling Green, wliere he lived and pursued farming until 1ST8, 
when lie sold his farm and became the proprietor of the Hendricks Hotel, 
at Bowling Green, vrliicli he kept until the sumnicr of 1SS2, when ho" sold 
out and came to Louisiana and was employed as an agent for tl.e marble 
works of John L. Cole. He was married August 30, 1S5L Tiiey have 
seven children; Jenftie, Lulu May, James Note, Clara Lee, Nellie Norai 
Maud Myrtle, and Julia. Himself, wife, and two elder children, are mem- 
bers of the Christian Churcl!, of Louisiama. He is an Odd Fellov*- and 
member of Evening Star Lodge No. 28, of Louisiana. 

Hon. Niciiolas Peter 3Iiiior, probate judge of Bike county, was born in 
Charlottsviile, Virginia, August 20, l'*;23. He is the youngest of six sons 
of Samuel C. and L}dia L. (Lewis) Minor. When twelve years of age 
he came with his parents to Bike county, who engaged in farming. In his 
boyhood, our subject feeling the importance of having an education, early 

1H^ },' 

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• •;]/ 


applied Iiiniself to attain tluit end. By private study and attending the 
ordinary subscription ecliool.s of that da}' and two sessions of a select echool 
tai'iz'ht by J. B. Carr, he prepared hiin--elf for teaching. He linislied his edu- 
cation by attendiii*;- at Illinois College, at Jacksonville, Illinois, two terms. 
Ecfore he was sixteen years of age he had lost both of his parents by death, 
and was thus early thrown upon the ^vorld to care I'oi- himself. At the age 
of seventeen he taught the public school at Jr^wling (ireen, alter which, in j 

the spring of 1841, he began to read law in the otKce of A. II. Buckner, at 
Bowling Green, and in the fall of 1S12 was admitted to the bar in Camden , 

county, where he practiced until 1844, when he retiirned to Pike county ; 

and practiced at Bowling Green and Louisiana. In 1S53 he was aj)pointed | 

district attoi'uey to fill a vacancy, and was afterwards elected and held that j 

position for seven consecutive years. In 1854 he was also appointed by the | 

county court to the oifice of judge of the Louisiana court of commoTi ]ileas, j 

holding it only during two terms of the court, and then resigned. In 1S61 -] 

he entered the Confederate army as a private under General Price, and 
served during the war. Keturning to Louisiana, he was debarred from the 
practice of law by provision of the Drake constitution. He then went to 
Callaway county, wliei^e that law was not enforced, and as soon as that re- 
striction was removed by the Supreme Court he returned to Louisiana and 
engaged in the ]>ractice of the law until 1878, when he abandoned it and 
eno-atred in farmintr near Louisiana until the fall of 188-2, when he was 
elected probate judge of Pike county, when he removed to Bowling Green. 
December 2, 184S, he married Susan H. Lewis, of Virginia, who died Oc- 
tober 14, 1859, by whom he had one son, Lewis, of Clarksville. He married 
for his second wife, Lizzie, daughter of Thomas 11. Bootes, of Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia, June 2G, J8GG. They have one son, Merri wether, still at 
Lome. Himself and wife are members of the Calvary E])iscopal Church, of 
Louisiana, of which he has been senior warden since 1858. He is a Mason 
and meml)er of Perseverance Lodge Xo. \)2, A. F. & A. M., of Louisiaiui. 

Jame.S Edward 3Iiller, 3L I)., was born on a farm near ]\[ilan, Sullivan 
county, Missouri, March '24, 1849. Wlien he was one year old he came 
with his parents to Pike county, they settling on a farm near Spencersburg, 
where he lived with them until he was fourteen, when he v/ent with them 
to ^[arion county, tlsey settling on a farm near Palmyra, where he lived 
with th.em until manhood. He left home in lsT<» and went to Versailles, 
Illinois, where he was employed as a druggist's clerk until 1874, by his 
brotiier, when h«>;.4xame to Louisiana and engaged 111 the drug business on 
Main street. In 1878, while still carrying on the drug business, he began 

VJ' b: 

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' ij 

irisTORV OF riKE covury. 

the study of medicine privately. In tlie winter of 18T9-S0 he took a course 
of lectures at tlie Missouri ]\[odic;il College, at St. Louis, and also in the 
winter of 1S80-S1, graduating as M, D. from that college in the spring of 
1881, wlien he Ijcgan the practice in connection with the drug business at 
Louisiana. The Doctor is an energetic man and knows no failure in what 
be undertakes. November 3, 1875, he was wedded to Mary K., daughter 
of the late Joseph T. Nelson, of Lewis county, Missouri. They liave one 
child, Ira IlamiltoTi, born at Louisiana, October IG, 1877. He is a member 
of Kiverside L.-dge, Xo. 32, A. O. U. W. 

Benjamin Fi'unLliii Miller, manager of the City Flouring Mills, of 
Louisiana, Missouri, was born in York, Pennsylvania, September 9, 1852, 
where Ijc vras roared and educated. When sixteen he boixan to learn the 
trade of milling, and worked at that trade at i^ork wp to 1S77, when in 
April of that year he came to Louisiana, Missouri, and was employed in the 
City ]\Iil!s by Luce & Murray until 1S70, when he, with George Blair and 
George Estes, rented the Diamond Alills, at Louisiana, for four years. He 
then purchased unethird interest in the Diamond Mills, and became asso- 
ciated with X. r>. Griffith and ^Y. A. Jordan in the firm name of Griffitli, 
Jordan & Co. Selling out his interest in tlie mills October 1, 15S1, he en- 
gaged in the grocery business until September, 1882, when he discontinued 
the grocery business and became manager fur the City Mills. He is a 
member of the German lleformcd Church, of York, I'eonsylvania. He is 
a ]\Iaster Mason and member of the lodge at Louisiana. 

Samuel Michael, Jr., member of the firm of Dreyfus c^' Michael, mer- 
chants, of Louisiana, v.'as born in Kolraar, Germany, October 20, 1851. His 
parents emigrated to the L'nited Stat^-s in 1853, and located in Quincy, Illi- 
nois, where he was reared. He was educated in the public schools of Quincy 
up to his sixteenth year, when he began clerking in the clothing house of 
his uncle, M. Jacob, at Quincy, and v/as in his employ until he v/as twenty- 
two, in 1873, when he went to Trenton, Missouri, as manager in a store for 
his uncle until 3 871:, and from there he went to .ililexico, where he remained 
a short time, when he came to Louisiana, and was employed as a clerk in 
the store of Joseph Younger until February, 1875, when he engaged in the 
mercantile business in a small way on Georgia street, between Main and 
Third. In March, 1876, Marcus Dreyfus became associated with him in the 
firm name of Dreyfus d' Michael. They are now doing business in a block 
of two stories, recently-erected i)y Mr. Dreyfus, on Georgia street, between 
Main and Third, and rank among the largest business firms of Pike county. 



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Air. IMidiacl is a member ol' liiverside Ludt;e No. ::^8.j, 1. O. 13.13., a lit'Urow 
society, of wh.ich he is treasurer. 

Kev. John Hubert 3Iay, rector of St. Joaeph's Catholic Church, of 
Louisiana, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, October 20, 18.50, where he re- 
ceived his elenie.ntary education. When fourteen, in 1S70, he entered St. 
33enedict's ColleiJce, at Atcliison, Kansas, attendinc^ one year, and in 1S71 lie 
went to Milwaukee, Wifccon?in, and entered tlie St. Francis' Seminary, vfiere 
he tinisheu his theological course in 1S75, wheii he went to Home, Italy, 
where he graduated from the American Catholic College as D. D. in June, 
18S0. In Alay ])reviout. to his graduation he was ordained a priest by Car- 
dinal Monaca La Valetta. lie then made an extended tour throiigli Italy, 
France, 13e]gium, Germany, IloUand, and England, returning to America in 
November, ISbO, where, after a visit of a fev,- weeks with his parents at St. 
Louis, he was sent to Crystal City, Missouri, by Bishop Kendrick. where 
he gathered a congregation composed of GormaTis, Irisli, French, and Ital- 
ians, and built the church of the Sacred Heart, where lie ofiiciated as pastor 
nine nionlhs. 'When he left the church was completed and the congrega- 
tion out of debt. Lie was then sent to a new field— 131oomsdale, St. Gene- 
vieve county, Missouri — where he olhciated six months, when, in the fall 
of 1SS2, his bishop sent him to Louisiana, Missouri," and placed him in 
charge of St. Joseph's Church, and is most probably permanently located. 

John W, Martilh clerk of the Louisiana court of conunon pleas, ib a 
native of Virginia, and is the son of James .M. and Mary S. (Edwards"^ Mar- 
tin. He was born ncir Louisa Court House, Louisa county. 'July 6, 
1834. His parents came to Missouri, when he was three years ohl, and lo- 
cated on a farm in Pike county near Louisiana where he lived with them 
until l&-iTj when his father, being elected clerk of the circuit court and re- 
corder of Pike county, removed to Bowling Green, the county seat, wliere 
he lived with them until attaining his majority. When he was fifteen, in 
IBlOj he become hi^ fathei's assistant in the clerk's oflice, filling that posi- 
tion under him until 1801. when he, being a Union man, became a 
member of Company G., Forty-seventh Regiment Missouri State Militia, 
and was elected captain of his company and commissioned as such by 
Governor Thomas C. Fletcher, and served until the regiment was disbanded 
in 1803, when he again l>ccame his's assistant in the clerk's office and 
was under him until 1S06. In 1877 he was em.ploycd as a clerk in the store 
of Woods cl' Ilostetter at Louisiana, and was with them until 1870. when he 
returned to Bowling Green, and in tlie fall of that year he went to^ I'rank- 
ford and engaged in the grocery business until the fall of 1S72, wlicajiaviug 

/. ,• , , • r , , 1 T I 

r . I 



closed out that business, he was erriployed to clerk in the store of Lowe <Sr 
Wood at Louisi};na uiitil the spring of 1ST3, when he was employed in the 
store of Le?etn i.V l>ro., and while with them in Novetnber of that year he 
was elected clerk of the court of common ])leas of Louisiana, assuminn; tlie 
duties of that olHce, January 1, 1874, and has been re-elected and is still the 
incnnjbent of that oflice. So{)teniber 2'J, 1S57, he married Eva M., daugh- 
ter of Dr. W. ^Y. Wise, of Fikt; county. They have two children, Uomer 
W., of Chicago, Illinois, and Miuy E., wife of J. D. Purse of Louisiana, 
Missonri. ITe is a meinber of River Side Lodge Xo. 22, A. O, IT. W., of 

Asbiiry Caldwoli 3Iarsh, proprietor of the Hotel Marsh and an insur- 
ance agqrit of Louisiana, was born in Springvale, York connLy, Maine, Sep- 
tember 22, 1S84, where he lived with his parents until he was sixteen years 
old, when he went to Boston, Massachusetts, and was employed as a hotel 
clerk a few niontlis, when he returned home and remained a year, when he 
agaifi went to Boston and engaged in clerking in a lioiel for several months, 
wlien he came we^l, prosjiecting through Illinois, and arriving in St. Louis, 
Missouri, in the fall of 1S52, where he remained two months, when he went 
to Lincoln county and remained until the follov.-ing spring, when he re- 
turned to Maine. In 1S55 he again came to J^lissouri and M-as employed as 
a clerk at Ca{> An Gris, Lincoli> cuunty, until ISSS, when he went to Troy, 
Missouri, and engaged in the mercantile business with B. Crun:ip, as Crump 
& Marsh, until 1S62, when he retired from the firm arid became major of 
the Second Provisional Jvegiment of Missouri, He served as such for seven 
months, wiien he recei\'ed the a]>pointment of j)rovost marshal for the 
fourth subdistrict of Missouri, with headquarters at Troy, Missouri, and 
served untilthe close of the war in 1865. He remained at Troy and was 
engaged in t.^aching and in the insurance business until 1S74, when he 
came to Louisiana and followed the same avocation. From 1S71* to 18S1, 
he was employed in the abstract office of x\.. C. Sheldon, in connection with 
bis insurance business. In ISSl he opened the Hotel Marsh, v.hich he still 
keeps.- January 18, 1857, he married Mary E. Gore of Troy, Missouri. 
They have fi-.c cliihiren: Nellie, wife of William II. Barnum, of Louisiana, 
Missouri; Flora, Gertrude, Etnma S., and Claude Winthrop. He is a member 
of the Seventh Street M. E Church of Louisiana. He is a leading Good 
Teuiplar and member of Louisiana Lodge ISo. 278, and is a P. W. C. T. 
Pie is also a member of James Wilson Pest No. 20, G. A. R., of which he 
is adjutant. 

*> :• 

1 /(TV 


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KiooiiAriiioAi. skt;tc}ip:s. 711 

James Thornton 3Iatsou, jL I)., is a native of Missouri. lie was 
b.->rn near Frankford, Tike county, JJeccmbcr 1, 1821. He is the sixth of 
ton son-; of Enoch iiiul Jane (Shobc) Matron. He was raised at his birth- 
place, and educated in the coiuuKm schools. In 1S47 lie begaii to- study 
medicine in the otMce of Dr. John C. Webber at Frankford, and was under 
his preceptorship until the sprint^ of IS-i'J, when, after taking two courses, 
he graduated ns M. I>. from the Miiisouri State Medical College, St. Louis •.] 

lie then practiced one year at Frankford, when he went to Maeon county, .] 
and practiced in the country near Blooniington one year, when he went to ;j 

Saverton, Ralls county, whe.'-e he- practiced until 1SG4-, when he abandoned "i 

the practice of niedicliic and went to St. Louis and engaged in feeding and • 

dealing in stock at the Broadway St<.>ck Yards until 1SG9, when he returned ■! 

to Pike county and engaged in farming near Louisiana ou an extensive farm ' 

v.'hich his wife inherited from her father. In ISGl he was a member of the 
Missouri Provisional Convention, and represented ]\rarion, Kails, and ^lon- J 

roe counties. In May, 1S49, he married Eli/:abeth Y, Donnelly, daughter 'i 

of Peter Donnelly, of Tennessee. They have fuur children: Fanny, wife ; 

of R. J, Hawkins, cashier of the Exchange Rank of Louisiana; John W., 1 

attorney at law, Louisiana; and Eliza J. and Leonora, at liome. i 


Geor^'e Marzolf, of the iimi of Seibert *k, Co., cigar manufacturers, is A 

a native of Elsass, Germany, and was born September 2i, 1812. lie lived 'j 

with his parents until his seventeenth year, when he came to the United i 

States. He located at York, York county, Pennsylvania, he served -■* 
three years as a carpenter's apprentice, and worked four years after the ex- | 

pii'ation of his apprenticeship, up to 1837, when he came to Missouri and i 

located at St. Charles until February 8, 1888, when he came to Pike county ■ 

and settled on a farn\ five miles vrest of Bowling Green, where he })ursued j 

farming and working at the carpenter's trade ut) to 1801, when he came to ' 

Louisiana and eniraLred in the jjrocerv business with John Seibert, in the ; 

firm name of Seibert *fc Marzolf. In 18-16 tiiey closed out the grocery busi- i 

iiess and became associated with Aaron Martin, and engaged in the manu- 
facture of plug tobacco as Marzolf. ^lartin c\: Seibert. In 18G7 Mr. ]\Iartin 
retired from the firm, changing the name to Marzolf cV Seibert. In 1870 they 
discontinued the manufacture of plug tobacco and began that of cigars, 
changing the name of the firm to John Seibert ^'c Co. During 1SG6 and 
1867 Mr, Marzolf was elected and served as councilman in Louisiana city. 
He has been twice mariied. His first wife was Mary E, Renner, of York, 
Pennsylvania, whom he married February 15, 1835, and who died at Lou- i 

ibiana, Missouri, April 30, 1877, by whom he had nine children, six sons . j 

t \\- \ t :'. .>OT, 

1 .1, •( I 


JIISTOKV or riKi: Ot>UNlV 

and three daugliters. lie married for liis second wife, Mrs. i\lciry A. Young, 
of Louisiana, Septonibor 24-, 1ST8. Iliniself and wife are members of the 
Cumk'iland Presbyterian Ciuircli of l-ouisiatia, Missouri. 

AVilliani Campb*'!! Orr. Vrilliam Orr, tlie grcat-gmndfather of W. C. 
Orr, wa^ of Irish bii-th, and eamo to America about the niiddle of the 
seventeenth century and settled in tlie state of Pennsylvania and there mar- 
ried Miss Mar}' Gill, also of Irish origin. By this marriage there were 
three sons: Pobert, -.vho settled in Illinois; Thomas, v.'ho settled in Ten- 
nessee; and James, who was born in 1750, and in early manhood mo red to 
Caswell county, ^orth Carolina. In January 20, 1779, he married Miss 
Agnes Walker, of Scotch descent. He was a soldier in the Revolnti-mary 
War, and at bin do.^tli was presiding justice of th.e county coiirt of his 
county. He had eleven children, seven sons and four daughters. Isaac , 
Orr, tlie eighth child and sixth son emigrated from Xorth Carolina in the 
year 16iS and arrived in Pike county, Missouri, in the fall of 1819. In 
182G lie was married to jNIiss Joann Campbell, daughter of "Win. Cami)bell. 
The Campbell family was of Scotch descent and immigrated to Ameiica i]i 
the latter part of the sixteenth century. William Campbell was born in 
North Carolina in 1770. He afterwards removed to Tennessee, and later to 
Kentucky, and Unally to Missouri. In 1S18 he settled in Pikti county near 
Bo\\ding Green, where he died in 1S40, and was buried at Antioch. W. C. 
Orr, the oldest child of Isaac Orr and Joann Campbell, was born on the fifth 
day of February, 1S27, on the old home place, on which was afterwards 
located the Antioch church, said to be the oldest C. P. church organization 
in the state. He remained on the tarm till 1849, when in couipany with 
the gold seekers, he made the overland trip to California. He returned in 
1852, and in 1653 was married to Miss Eliza Jane Jordan, the daughter of 
Kobert Jordan and Isiphine Allison, and granddaughter of Capt. Ilobcrt 
Jordan, wlio moved from South Carolina to Pike county in 1809, and who 
v;as shoi by a band of hojcile Indians between his farm and the P)uffalo fort 
on the 3'»th of March, 1813. W. C. Orr made a second trip to California 
in 1851:, taking a large herd of cattle, and returned to Missouri in 1S5G and 
settled in Louisiana, April 27, 1857. Here he engai^ed in mercantile busi- 
ness under the firm name of A. J. Dismakes l^ Co., and continued in 
business untd 18tJl, when, the firm being unsuccessful, the partnership was 
dissolved and the business closed out. Since then lie has followed with 
varying success confractinj^ on public w^.-irks. During the late civil war, 
his jmigment arid sympathies were with the govenunent. Under the pro- 
visional government of the state he vras appointed by acting Governor ^V il- 

.< ■ 1 I 

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■^jivv.i ^f?:-! 

\>- ., ■?!:., 






):irc] P. ilall, county jiistico for Pilve county on Jcanuary 29, 1862. ITe was 
elected to the same olHcc in Xoveiriber of that year and commissioned by 
Gov. II. R. Gairil>]e, Deccjp.ber 10, 1SG2, for six yeuis. By the adoption of 
the new constitution in 18(54: he was removed, but was rcap[>ointed and cora- 
niissioned by Gov. T. C. Fletcher, xVpril 4, 18G5, and liekl liis office until 
his successor was elected, lie also lield the office of miiyor of the city of 
Louisiana from JNIarcli, ISGl, to March, ISdS; and was director and vice- 
president in the Louisiana & M. R. 11. from the organ i.-^ation of the com- 
pany until the road-bed v;as completed throu;^]i Pike and Audrain counties 
to Mexico, Missouri. Then he withdrew to make room in the board for 
represeutntives frum tlie more western counties. He wa> more or less con- 
nected witli all of the public roads and railroads projected in the interest of 
Louisiana. His family consists of iive children: Joann C, Emma I., Isaao 
11,, Jrunes M., and Charley J. lie has for a number of years been connected, 
with th.e C. P. Chui'cli. His political beliefs and convictions are I'or a stronsr 
government and one that will give perfect pnitection to individuals and. 
equal protection to all classes of proj)erty. 

Alexaiiuer Ovens, i.oer-.diant tailor, was born in Berkshire, Scotland, \ 

August 17, 1S53, where he was raised and educated. When thirteen years I 

old he was apprenticed to learn the tailor's trade, and served three years, .\ 

when he began to work at the trade as a lournevman , tailor, and worked in I 
Xew Castle, England, and Edinburgh, Scotland, until 1S72, when he came • I 

to Anierica. He tirst stojiped in London, Canada, and worked at his trade \ 

a short time, and then came to Chicago, Illinois, and after working there I 

and at St. Louis, Clarksville, and Ernnkford, Missouri, up to 1877, he came I 

to Louisiana and established his present business. He is doing an exten- I 

sive business, employing several hands constantly. July 1:5, 1878, he mar- i 

ried Ella M. Kincaid, of Erankford, Pike county, Mis.-ouri. He is a Master ! 
Mason and member of Perseverance Lodge Xo. 92, A. E. & A. M., of Lou- 
isiana, of which he is secretary. 

Jolm "William Paliuer, of the firm of McCune, Palmer & Knight, man- 
ufactuiers of plug tobacco, was born near Shelbyville, Shelby county, Ken- 
tucky, January 1, 1S39. When he was two years of ago his parents re- 
moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and from there to Missouri when he 
vvas sixteen, where they settled on a farm in Lincoln county, near EHsburv, 
where he lived with them until manhood. In 1861 he began to work at the ' 
carpenter's trade, following it a short time, when he settled on a farm near 
Ellsbury, where, with farming, he engaged in saw-milling, and run a thresh- 
ing raachiue up to 1677, when he came to Pike county, and tirst settled on 

Mii'i A.:i;j"/iT 


■T>M/r'.';'. ;., ■/ * • 

,' 1 

. i . . 

V. ,..' 




a farm iicnr Prairlevil!*'. and fiirtiied one year, when he came to Louisiana 
and become i\ member of the tobacco niannfacturing company of McCimc, 
Pj'Jmef ct Kni^l'.t, and is also its general manager. He has been three 
times married. His first wi*e v/as Mildred A. Uarvej, of Lincoln county, 
Missouri, whom he married January 25, ISCA, who died August 17, 
ISCO, by whom he has one child, Virginia ]j. His second wife was Alice 
M. Edwards, of Pike county, Missouri, whom he married December 16, 
IST'l, who died February IS, 1S76, by whom he had one cliild, Xonie A. 
He married for liis tiiird wife, Mrs. Margaret R. Woodson, of Pike county, 
Missouri, May 15, 1S78. They have two children, twins, Joseph and luliza- 
beth.' He is a member of the First Baptist Church, of Luuisiana. He is a 
member of L^nison Lodge Xo. 1.!>T5, K. of H., of Louisiana. 

Williaui Orr Parks, dealer in sewing machines, was born in Lironia, 
Livingston coursty, N. Y., February 28, 1820. When lie was twelve years 
old he went with his parents to Euclid, New Tork, where his mother died, 
in 1837, and in 1S3S he came with his father to Louisiana, Missouri, where, 
in 1840, he engaged in the tanning busiriess, with a brother, about one year, 
when he engaged in plastering, having learned that trade of his father, who 
was a plasterer by trade. He followed plastering in Louisiana until the fall 
of 1854, wlien, becoming associated with A. Sladek, he establisiied the first 
bakery in Louisiana. Mr. Sladek retired from the business in 1859. In 
1SC9 he introduced dealing in sewing machines with liis bakery, and con- 
tinued so until 1870, when he discontinued baking and continued in dealing 
in sewino machines and kcepiuir the Parks Hotel. During the late war he 
was a L^nion man, and served in the M. S. M. as baker, on detached ser- 
vices. He is a Master, Royal Arch, and Knight Templar Mason, and be- 
longs to the lodge, cliapter, and commandery at Louisiana. He has been 
worshipful master of his lodge ten years, and high priest of his chapter 
twelve years. December 3, 1843, he married Eliza A. Robinson, of Louisi- 
ana, Missouri, by whom he has five children: Edgar, in business in Louis- 
iana, i^Iissouri; Julia C, relict of the late Nicholas W. Parks; William S., 
late of r,i>uisiana; Mollie A., wife of J. N. Hazelbaker, passenger conductor 
on the C. & A. R. R.; and William Wort. 

Edgar AIoiizo Parks, general dealer in mnsical instruments and mn- 
pical merchandise, and leader of Parks Military Band and Orchestra of 
Louisiana, was born in Louisiana, Missouri, March 19, 1845. He is the 
eldest of three sons of William O. and Eliza A. (Robinson) Parks. He was 
raised and educated at Louisiana. He began his musical education, when 
very young, under the instruction of Prof. M. Lebondi,he first appearing as 

'.) ' IV-' '>;>t,-> . 




uioo-KAr-nicAi. SKmcnES. 715 

a vocalist when only eii;;lit years of age. Ilis instruction on the piano was 
given by (^/hai-ic? More, a well-known merchant of Lonisiana, who l)ein<> a 
good pianist was persuadeu to gi\'e young Parks his first lesson on that in- 
strument. After taking lessons of ]\Hps J.ou IJart, of Fahnyra, and others, 
he, in IStjO, went to Hannibal and took lessons of Prof. Wolneron the piano 
and violin, and during that year was connected with an amateur coricert 
company known as the "Hannibal Calliopeans." In ISOl lie enlisted as a 
mnsif.iau in t-ie Tentli liCgiment M. S. M., and served in the resfimcntal 
band six months, when he became a member of the band of the Eleventh 
Ilegiment Illinois Cavnliy. and sei'ved in it oidy a short time, when it was cut 
to pieces at the battle of Shiluh, he being present at that battle, and it be- 
ing the duty of the musicians to assist in caring for the wounded. After 
that he was bugler in Captain Clint. Allison's Company of M. S. M., and j 

served si.x months. In October, 1S63, he organized a concert troupe and 
traveled tlirough Illinois, lou'a, and Wisconsin, it disbanding at Griimell, 
Iowa, the following" Novcuilier, He thou wont to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, j 

and was em])loyed as the leader of an orchestra in a concert hall, and after- } 

wards traveled tlii'ough portions of Wisconsin for the same proprietors until i 

1864, when ho returned to Louisiana and organized the Silver Cornet Band 
of that city, and was its leader until ISGC, when he gave band instrnctiuns ! 

at ^lontgomery City and Ashley, Missouri, and at Xew Hartford, Illinois, • 

until the summer of 1867, when he went to Milwaukee, where he remained i 

until "February, 1S6§, when he returned to Louisiana and permanently ] 

located, becoming associated with his fatlier in a bakery and confection- I 

ery store, as W. O. Parks & Son. Having retired from the firm in 1S69 he i 

established his present business in Louisiana. October 1, 1867, he married 
Miss Emma M. McCormick, of Milwaukee. They have one child, Edgar j 

A. He is a prominent Mason, and men^ber of Perseverance Lodfje No. 92. 
Bond Chapter No. 23 of Louisiana, and of Cj'rene Commandery No. 13 ot 
Bowling Green. 

Atlglistus Ouiy Par.SOllS, of the firm of Parsons ik Hoss, editors and 
proprietors of the Louismna Journal. Mr. Parsons was born in Louisiana, 
Missouri, June 14, 1851. He is the son of Benjamin F. and Susan W. 
(Oury) Pars'jns, with whom'he lived until attaining his majority. In 1862 
he went with his parents to Washington, Y). C, where his lather iield a po- 
sition in a department of the United States Treasury until 1809, where be ; 
was mostly educated by attending the Georgetown Academy, lloturning 
with his parents to Louisiana in 1869 he entered the oflice of the Louisiana j 
Journal to learn the art of printing, and C'.>ntinued to work in that office ' 

.1 I '^•:.■l • V.l/iiO 

(,ij-/7 , . r 

n . ;ir, 

1-1/, 7 

• '.I I 


nifnoKY OF riKE col'nty. 

n.Mtil 1874, wlicn he was employed as a compositor in the liiverside Press 
office until Fcbrnary, JSSl; he then went to JSIaysville, ColoraOo, and took 
cliarge of tlie Aiiiysville Chronide for a short time, when he returned to 
Louisiana, and ueeouiing associated with A. i). Huss purcliased tlie Louis- 
iana Journal. The Joiiriial is a Democratic paper, and tlie oldest one in 
the coimtv. In July, 1SS2, \\n was elected one of the Democratic central 
committee of Buffalo township. April 11, 1870, he married Alice S., 
daughter of the late J)r. Elijah Thurman, of Louisiana. They have one 
cliild, Ralph W. lie is a member of Lnison Lodge Ko. 1S75, of Louisiana. 

Rev. Erasmus Darwin Poai'.son, was bom in Saline county, Missouri, 
June 6, 1830. He v,-as the youngest of five children, two boys and three 
gi.rls. Ilis parent.-: were Aluuzo and Eliza W. Pearson, the latter the dau^'h- 
ter of Dr. John Sappington. Tlis father was a lawyer by profession and 
died in 1835. JMrs. Pearson, his mother, married ex-Govcruor Claiborn F, 
Jackson, in 1S3P. His boyhood days were spent in Fayette, Howard county, 
and Arrow Rock, Saline county. His collegiate education was obtained 
in Cumberland Uriiversity, Lebanon, Tenn.. graduating in 1852. He pro- 
fessed j'eligion at a camp-mceting near Lebanon, Tennessee, in August, 1848, 
and united with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. In March, 1854, at 
the Buftulo clmrcli, Pike county, j\Iissouri, he was licensed to preach by the 
Salt River Presbytery. For six nionths he rode the circuit and j^-euched al- 
most ever}' day. In October of 1854 lie was sent by an order of the pres- 
bytery to Louisiana to preach, arid to build a church-house. The house ^v•as 
completed and dedicated by the second sabbath in October, 1855. He 
preached to the Louisiana congregation until the sad wave of our civil 
war unsettled the interest, and business relations of our people in a very 
large degree, in June, 1861, he moved to Marion county and re^inained 
there on a farm — yet continuing to })rcach — for three years. In 1864 he 
moved near Si-encej-sburg, and in LSG7 ho moved back to Louisiana to take 
charge of that congregation, and has been preaching to them since thst 
time. He has preached in Louisiana twenty-four years the first of October 
18S3. lie was married to Miss OrphaM. Dysart, daughter of Colonel John 
Dysart, of Howard county, Missouri, on the 5tli of January, 1S59. They 
liave a taniily of \o\\v boys and one girl. . ' . 

John Snpi5iii'j;{<rii Peai\S(Mi, 31. I)., is a native of Missouri, and the son 
of xVIonzo and Elizabeth (Sajipington) Pearson. He was born at Glasgow, 
Howard county, April IG, 182C. His father dying when he was three or 
four years old, he w:is raised by his grandfather, Dr. John Sappington, near 
Arrow Rock, Missouri. He received his literary education by attending 









^ ,^--' 



"t^?;r^^ S^'' 





tliG CninVtoilavnl University at Lebanon, Tennessee. ITo stiiclied medicine 
under his irt'iwid father, with whom lie lived, comj^lctinf^ his course hj grad- 
uating a;^ M. D. at tli;^ medical departmenL of tlic University of Pennsyh 
vania at Phihidclphia, April 1 2, 1819. His first practice was at Lexington, 
Missouri, where he remained two years, wdien, on account of failing health 
he went to Memphis, Tennessee, .and practiced until 1801, when he was 
commissioned burgeon in Gen. McCoIlough's Brigade, C. S. A., and served 
during tlie war, InTSGT he returtjed to Missouri and permanently settled 
at Louisiaiia, where lie still has an extensive practice in \joih city and 
country. From ISGS to ISSO he was associated with ]Jr. J. T. Bell, as Bell 
& Pearson. He has beeii twice n^iarried, his tlist marriage being with 
Mary Ellen, daughter of Rev. ]:>octor F. K. Cossitt of Lebanon, Tennessee, 
October a, ISiO, wdio died at the same place, Kovember 5, 185L His 
present wife was Mrs. Sarali Ellen, relict of Captain George Herring, late 
of the U. S. A., to whom he was joined iii wedlock July 8, 1S7L He has 
four cl.'ildro]! living: Alonzo. a Cumberland Presbyterian minister, who re- 
cently graduated fi'uni the theological department of the Cumbeiland Col- 
lege at Lebanon, Tenues:>ee; and Ida E., John E., and Orpha R. Himself, 
wife, and three of his children, are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church of Louisiana, of which he has been a ruling elder for some twenty- 
five years. Lie is a Master Mason and member of Perseverance Lodge No. 
92, A. F. & A. M., of Louisiaiia. 

Hon. Enocll Pe])l»er, attorney at law, Louisiana, Missouri, was born at 
Flemingsburgli, Kentucky, January 8, 1815. At the age of seven he came 
to Missouri witli his parents, th.ey settling at Clarksville, Pike county. He 
was educated at St. Paul's College, Palmyra, Missouri. In L8CS he began 
tiie study of law in the otiice of Redd & McCabe, of Palmyra, and was with 
them until 1S70, when he was admitted to the bar. He began his law prac- 
tice, the same year, at Kansas City and coutinucd it there until 18TT, when 
he returned to Pike county, and, after a short stay at Clarksville, came to 
Louisiana, where lie has practiced ever since. In 1878 he was elected, on 
the Greenback ticket, a member of the Missouri state legislature and served 
one tertn. He ran for member of the legislature again in November, 18S-J, 
as an independent candiditte on the Greenback and Republican ricket against 
fearful odds, the county being overwlielmingly Democratic, and his op- 
ponent an old resident and p.ortizan. He was defeated, but by a small ma- 
jority. He has been twice m.arried. His first wife was Alberta BceGon, 
\ formerly of \Yes{ Virginia, whom he married in 1808, and who died at 

Kansas City in 1870. Bv her he had one cliild, Cliarles Tebbs, who died ] 

' ■■. il.hv/ : .,! I,, f 



■i J 





in infancy. Tic married for his second wife, Alice Lnkc, danglitcr of John L. 
Luke of Clarksville, MUsonri, in 1872. They have two cliildren, Sarah 
Tebbs and Eiizibetli S. lie is a Mason and has taken al! the degrees up to 
Knight Temphir. llo is a moniher of Perseverance Lodi^e Ni^. 02, A. F. 
& A. M., and has been the vvort:hi}>fnl master for two years, and represented 
liis lodge in the grand loigc of the state of Missoui'i in 1881 and 1SS2. 
He is a member of Bond Chapter No. — Iv. A. M. of I.onisiana, and of 
Cyrenc Coinmaiidery Mi>. 13, K. T., of Lowling Green. In the summer of 
1882 he built the extensive brick busine^^.s l^lock on the southwest cor?ier 
of Georgia and Third streetn. 

Tll6 PoIlJlk Brotliers aic the sons of Frank A. Pollak, a Bohemian by 

birth, who at tiio age of eighlceD, in 1850, i:nmigrated to the United States. 
He settled in St. Jvouis wlsere he worked at butchering until March, ISfiS, 
when he came to Louisiana and engaged in butchering until his death, Sep- 
tember 19, 1876. AS'hile at St. Louis, January 7, 1850, he married Miss 
Christiana Kcsler of that city, whece th.e subjects of this sketch were born; 
viz., John J., November :M-, 1855; Albci t E., December 25, 1857; and Frarjk 
J., February 20, ISCO. Jchn lived with his parents, and when old enough 
be assisted his father in the meat market, attending school part of the time 
until his father's death, afiei which he was variously en)ployed at Louisiiina 
and St. L'>uis until IS'^0, wljen he went to Helena, .^^fontana Tenitory, 
where lie was em])loyed at butchering and cattle driving until 1882. Al- 
bert E., up to his ninth year, was an invalid, but by the time he was twelve 
years of age his health had so im[»roved that he went to Clarksville and 
worked in the tobacco factory of Winri vfc Mackey, where he worked one 
year, when he returned to Louisiana where he worked in the various tobacco 
factories during the summer seasons and attended school duriuir winters, 
until he was sixteen years old, when he began to clerk in the grocery store 
of Zuzak t^ li&hell, and was so employed two years, when he then worked 
in his fatiier's meat market for six months, when he was employed as a clerk 
in the grocery store of Block & Brother, and was so employed until hi^ 
father's death when he was placed in charge of his father's business. Frank 
J., at the age of twelve, began to work in the tobacco factories of Louisiaiia, 
and when sixteen he erigaged in buying hides, furs, rags, etc. Soon after 
their father's death they found they were left penniless, and they have strong 
suspicions that they were wronged out of what they were justly entith:d to. 
In the spring of 1S77 the two younger brotlicrs worked in the tol.acco 
factory until they, together, earned $50, when they went to Clarksville, 
and engaged in butchei'ing for a short time, when they retui'ned to Louis- 

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iaiia and established their present meat market. Beginnins^ with a capital 
of $50, their books show that the first year's business amounted to ^0,000, 
the sccuid 87,800, t!ie third 611,000, and ihe fourth, just closed, si 2,500. In 
1SS2 tlie elder ])rother returned from Montana, where lie met with good 
success, and became associated with them, thus foi'ming tlie fivm of ]-*ollak 
Brothers. January 1, 1S70, Albert Iv married ]\[i?:s Emina Brngonia, of 
Mexico, Missouri, by whom he has one child, Frank A. 

Cupt. William Hcsiry Purse, ])ostm:i.ster at Louisiana city, was born in 
New York City, September 6. 1S21-. lie lived with his parents until he 
was sixteen and was educated up to that age. On leaving home he went to 
Payson, Illinois, and worked as a farm hand about four years, when he* came 
to Ashley, Pike county, ]\Ii-souri, where he worked In the tViundiy aiid ma- 
chine-shop of his uncle, S. iS. Purse, for six years, up to JS52, v/hen he 
became associated in the business with his uncle, in the firm name of S. 
>r. oc W. H. Purse, they having purchased the right to manufacture the 
Manny reaper and mower, were the lirst to uiake the manufacture of 
reapers and mowei's a success in the state. They continued to nnumfacture 
the Manny reaper until it vais superseded by other improved machines. In 
the enrollment of the militia in 1S62 he was among the first, and was 
elected cajnain of Com]'any F, Forty-ninth Ilegimcnt Mitsouri State Mili- 
tia, and served d.uring the war. Ashley being a military post and rendez- i 
vous, he was made post commander. August 28, 18C2, when all his com- 
mand excepting nineteen men were on guard duty, the post was suddenly 
attacked by 130 men under Major Snvder. Capt. Purse placing his men 
in adjacent buildings for protection bravely repelled the assault. The as- 
saulting party meeting with such determined resistance pursued a citizen, 
A. M. Ehnore, and ordered him to convey the following note to Capt. Purse, 

under a flag of truce: 

"Asni.EV, August 2S, 1862. 

'■^Comvianding OJlcr: V7c demand an unconditional surrender as far as 
arras are coi>cerned. All prisoners will bo paroled on honor. 

(Signed) . . ■ Cols. Poutek and BuiniRiDGE, 

Major Snyder, Comtiiandiiuj Third Pirt.sio/i.'^ . 

While :Mr. Elmore was awaiting a reply froni Purse, he was wantonly 

shot and wounded by his captors. The captain's terse reply was as follows: 

''Col. Ports/' and others: Can't comply with your rc(piest. You should 

have respected vuur messenger. 

Wm. II. Plkse, CoiamaaduKj Pout:' 

After a sharp attack of forty-five mijiutes they retired leaving the captain 

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master of the tlcld, and the dead and wounded uncfu-ed for. Two of the 
captain's men were killed and nine wounded. In tlie fall of 1804 he was 
as-i^-neJ to dulj at Louiditina as reg-inicutal (jiiartermaster, and about the 
same time was eoannissioued captain in the U. S. voluuteor service, but the 
war soon closing- he was never v.ssigned to auv company. After being mus- 
tered out of the service at J^or.isiaua, in 1805, he returned to Ashley, and re- 
sumed the business of foundryman and ni;u'.hini-:.t, and was eni'^aged until 
1870, when he came to Louisiana. Iii 1S72 he received the ai)j)o:ntment of 
mail agent on the C. 6z A. .U. 11., an.d "was so employed for two years, 
w)ien he for one year had charge of the Louisiana Glass Works. January, 
lS7o, he received tlie a]5pointment of postnnister at Louisiana, a position he 
lias faithfiilly, lioi^jrrJ^iy, a!:d satisfact(^ri!y filled ever since. Tie j\as 
married to Mary Kerr of Asliley, ?vL\y 15, 1852. Tliey have two children 
living: John, a jnaii agent on extra mail service, and Lizzie an assistant 
in tiie Louisiana post-ofllce. Tney lost one, Henry, who died in Louisiana 
in 1S77, at the age of twenty two. " ' • 

George Davi*! Rcifl, painter, of Louisiana, was born near St. Louis, 
Missouri, on a farm, Octol,>or 20, 1S27. fie was reared at liis f irthplace 
and on a farm iicar Aubui'u, Lincoln county, Missouri. When he was nine- 
teen lie went to 8t. Louis, where he learned the paiu-ter's trade with Bolton 
& Wilson, working with th.em three years, wlien he began to work in the 
same city as a journeyman and worked three years, when in 1S53 he went 
to New Orleans, l.ouisiana, and worked at journey work one year. Tie 
then came to Louisiana and worked in a sliop until 1S59, when he returned 
to xSew Orleans and became associated with his brother in the firm name of 
G. D. i-V J. Y. Jleid. They did business about one year, when his brother 
Avas killed liy the falling of a ladder. Soon after liis brother's death he re- 
turned to ]y:>in'siana and permanently settled, where he carried on his busi- 
ness alone until 1S70, whei' his son, J. B., became associated with liim in 
(the tirm name of J. D. Jieid & Son. October 20, 1S52, he married Eh';:a- 
beth Ann Benson, a native of Manchester, England, by whom he has six 
children: Joseph 13., associated with him; Leota, wife of Fremont Todd, of 
Louisiana, Missouri: William S., Lizzie L., Cora A., and Jeanette. Diiring 
1S59 lie served as city marshal of Louisiaiux. Himself, wife, and children, 
CKCepting the two younger, are members of the First Presbyterian Churcli 
of Louisiana. 

Josepll lienson Reid, of the firm of O. 1). Ileid Sz Son, painters, of 
Louisiana, was born in Louisiana, Missouri, July 7, 1S55. When he v\as 

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foni years old he went with his parents to Xow Orleans, Louisiana, wliere 
he attended school until he was thirteen, when he clerked in the lumber 
yard of Cuttlor Oc Trnnncll tor one year. lie then went into tlic ])rintinc[ 
ollice of Isaac llinton and worked as a pj-inter until 1S70, when l;c i-etnrned 
to Louisiana, Missouri, with his parents. His father wishing hini to follow 
Bonie vocation other than viiutini^ he tried several occupations, but findin.^ 
tlieni not to suit his taste, and liaving an innate love for sign and fancy 
painting, when h^; returned to Louisiana he turned his attention to that art, 
in which he has ijecouie aii adept, and his reputation is not only at l-omc, " 
but lu; has calls to execute flue painting in Qiiincy. Illinois. St. Louis, and 
Kansas City, Missouri, and Denver, Colorado, and other western cities. He 
made a tour through Montana and Colorado in 1870, and in that year he 
also became associated with his lather, as G. I). lieid cV Son. He is a \ 

member of the Pi-esbyterian Church of Louisiana. He is a Knight of j 

Pylhias and incinbcr of Archer Liidge ^o. 60, (,;f Louisiarui. . | 

Samuel Reid, manager of the Sam lieu] Tobacco Manufactory of Lou- \ 

itiana, was born near New Hope, Lincoln count}', INiissouri, October 1, j 

1S4-S. When he was about six years of age his parents, Thomas A, and j 

Mai-tha J. (MeCampbell) Held, came to Louisiaiui, v,*here he was reared and ] 

educated in the common school. When fourLeea he began to w.:<rk in tlio i 

tobacco factory of A'anhorn, Murray 6c Co., of Louisiana, and wckcd in i 

all the vai'ious departments frora that of stemmer to roller or lutap jtiaker. ^ 

In 1664 he enlisted in Company E, Forty-ninth Kegiment Missouri VoIuti- ' 

teer Infantry, under Col. E. V. Dyer, and served until the close of the war, i 

when iie returned to Louisiana and attended scliool one year and then took j 

a course of book-keeping at a commercial college at St. Louis. During 1869 i 

he was employed as a clerk in the millineiw and fancy goods store of Hesser ] 

& Johnson, aud in ISTO he accepted a position as book-keej)er in the tobacco ' 

numufactory of A. Tinslcy, and was with him and his successors, A. Tins- ] 

ley Sz Co., until 1S79. In 1818, while in the employ of A. Tinsley 6c Co., ] 

he began tlie manufacture of smoking tobacco in a small way. Leaving his j 

employers in 1870 he enlarged his business, and soon after xV. Tinsley and A. i 

J. McCune became associated with him in tl;e iirni name of Samuel iveid & I 
Co. In IS82 Fred Dant of Muscatine, Iowa, became one of the compa?iy, 

when thev chanscd the firm luime to the Sam lieid Tobacco ^L1nufacturirl2: I 

Con)]vany, of v.hich he is the business man:t.ger. ]!ylnch credit is due Mr. i 

Iteid for his business standing. He started out in life when very young, | 

. ^ith nothing, aud educated and maintained himself by his own earnings, .j 

and by his energy and perseveraiice he has placed himself among the lead- < 

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ing mannffK'turers of .Louisiana city. Ho is a member of the school boaio 
of the city, and in 1S75, bein^,'; a nicnibor of tlic Loan and Bnildiriij As.^ocia- 
tion of Louibiana, he \va? ekctcd treasurer, but resigned the following year' 
and accepted tlie oltice of director, and served as sucl) until it disorganized in 
1880, when he was one of the oi iginators of the present l*ike County Loan 
and Building Afsociatioi;. He has been twice married. He married for his 
first wife, Annie, d:iu<:hter of Addison Tinsley of Louisiana city, in Sep- 
tember, 1S()9, who died, xVpril, 1871. His second wii'e was Ana Eliza, 
daughter of John A. Younii:, of Louisiana, whom he married January 19, 
1S72, by whom he has live children: Julia, Anna, AVillard, George, and 
Florence. Himself and v/ife are meml'crs of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Louisiana, of which- he is deacon. He is a Master Mason and member of 
Globe Lodge Xo. 405, A. F. dc A. M., of Louisiana. 

Ron. Matthew GiveiiS Ueyiiolds, attorney at law, of the firm of Fagg, 
Eeynolds cc Fa^'s:. is a native of Pike county, and is the son of Dr. Stephen 
J. and Sophronia L. (Glvens) Peynokls. He was born at Bowling 
Green, xs'ovember 19, 1851-. He received the rudiments of his education in 
the common schools of his native town, and when fifteen, by the recom- 
mendation of Hon. D. P. Dyer, received the appointment of cadet in the U. 
S. ]^Iaval Academy at Annapolis. Maryland, graduating as midshipman 
May 30, 1874. Previous to his graduation he was placed in command of 
Company D. Battalion of Cadets, wliich, at tlie competitive drill of 1874, 
received a flag, the prize for the best drilled company in the acade(ny. After 
visiting liome on a ibur montiis' leave of absence he was ordered to report 
on board the U. S. steamer Plymouth, of the ISiorth Atlantic squadron", then 
at Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In April, 1875, lie was detached from the 
squadron and ordered to ie}»ort at the ]N'ew i^ork navy 3'ard, on board the 
U. S. steamship Tennessee, the flag ship of tlie Asiatic squadron, under the 
command of Pear Admiral Williani Pf^noMs, and in the following June 
set sail for a cruise on the coasts of Lidia, China, and Japan, going out via 
the Mediterranean Sea, Suez Canal, and lied Sea, he acting as assistant ex- 
ecutive otiicer and navigator. In September, 1870, he rt'turncd to the 
Naval Academy for examination and promotion. After passing the re- 
.quired examination he was promoted to ensign; his comuiission daring 
from July 5, 1875. lie then returned home on a year's leave of al)sence, 
and began the stu<iy of law in the othce of Pobinson tS: Smith, at Buwling 
Green. At the expiration of Ids leave of absence he was ordered to report 
for duty on board the receiving ship "Wyoming, at the Washington navy 
yard, Yv'aslungton, D. C. Xovemoer 30, 1877, he resigned his comniission, 

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wlien lio went to St. Louis and took one course in the St. Louis Law School, 
'.vlien he returned to Bowling Green, whore lie was admitted to tlic bur iu 
MiiV, 18TS, and at once be;j,iiii to practice at that ])hice. in June, 1S70, he 
came to Louisiana, and became associated witli T. J. C. Fa^g & Son, forru- 
iiig the present law firm of Fagij, Reynolds l*c Fagg. In November, 18S0, 
he was elected the i-eprei.eiitative ol' his district to the Missouri slate legis- 
lature on the ]lepublican ticket, being the iirst liepublic;in representative in 
sixteen years. Xoveniber 11, ]SbO, lie married Miss Maime K., daughter 
of lion. T. J. C. Fagg, of liouisiana. They have one child, Stephen Clark* 
He is a member of Globe Lodii-e No. 495, A. F. & A. M.: of Anchor Lod^o 
No. 60, K. of P.; of Unison Lodge No. 1875, K. of IL, and of Itiverside 
Lodge No. 22, A. O. U. ^Y . 

Tlieodore Marion Rliea is the son of Silas and ilasina (Gihnore) 
Ilhea, who came to Fike county, Missouri, in January, LS2S, from South 
Carolina, and settled in the vicinity of Louisiana, where his father died in 
LS-iT. His mother died in Louisiana in 1856. Our subject was born in 
York district, near Yorktown, South Carolina, June 22, IS 19, and at the 
time his parents removed to Fike county he was about eight years old. lie 
was raised a tUrmer, and to obtain an education could only attend the winter 
terms of the cuuimun school, having to walk daily some three or four miles, 
as the country was sparsely settled and schools were not numerous. He re- 
mained ou tlie homestead until 1S19, when he came to Louisiana, and v^'as 
employed as foreman in the saw-mill of Draper & Brotlier until 1852, when 
he was employed as clerk in the store of F. G. McQuie until 1855, when, 
in the spring of that year, he became associated with Hugh F. Summers, 
and en-''a"-ed in the mercantile business m the tirm name of Summers & 
Khea. In the spring of 1857 E. G. McQuie became ]\lr. Summers's suc- 
cessor, clianging the style of the firm to McQuie ^ lihea. He retired from 
that firm in the fall of 1850, and in the spring of i860 became associated 
with his brother, H. L. Rhea, and C. G. Hunter, in the mercantile business, as 
Hunter, Rhea <fe Co., they discontinuing in 1875. In the sj)rin2: of 1879 
he, with Joseph Rlock, organized the bank of Rhea &, Block, of Louisiana; 
they doirig a banking business until the spring of 1881, v.-hen they, with 
Matthew G. Reynolds, T. L. Anderson, Jacob Block, R. C. Few, and Dr. J.- 
W. Dreyfus, organized and incorporated the present Exchange Ijank of 
Louisiana. He was its first president, and served one year. In 1882 he 
became a stockholder in the Mercantile Bank of Louisiana, and during the 
same year was elected one of its directors. October 17, 1878, he married 
Mrs. Mary B. McCuen. Himself and wife are members of the Cumber- 

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land Presbyterian Climcli of T,ouisiana. FTn is a Master am] TIovhI Arch 
Mason, and member ol" Feri^everancc Lodge ISTo. 92, anJ of Bond Chapter 
No. 23, of Louisiana. 

lieury Clav Rice wa=5 born in Strawsbnrg, Lancaster connty, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 10, IS-t.'). When lie was two years old his parents renioved to 
Mount Sterling, Illinois, where he was raised. He began to maintain hiin- 
seir when a lad by being variously employed. AVhcn fifteen he came with 
his })arei.ts to Louisiana, where he l.'Cgan to work in the tobacco factory of 
Cash, Henderson, Strange A: Co., and was so employed until 1S61, wlien for 
a short time he served as a soldier in the Missouri State Militia. In the 
spring of 1862 he became associated v.-ith his brother in the photograph 
business, in the firm nanu- of Rice Jlrotliers, they traveling and doing busi- 
ness until 1874, when ]ns brother retired frotn the business. In 1575 he 
quit traveling and established a gallery in Louisiana, which he sold out in 
167G and abandoned the l)usiness. In that year he invented and had pat- 
ented a filter for druggists' and photographers' use; nlso to be used in 
inakiuir tea and coffee. He now devotes his time in introducing and selling 
rights to maiiufacture and sell the same. His invention has been patented 
in the United States, Canada, England, France, and IVelgium. In October, 
1S75, lie married Addie Hall, of Clarhsville, Missouri, by whom he has two 
hoys, six and four years old, Harvey and Claud. 

Ahnoil C. Robiil.^on, D. S., was born near Buifalo, New York, A]>ril 
2S, 1S2S. "When seven years old lie was' adopted by Ids uncle, Simuel Pea- 
body, with wliom he lived until manh.ood. He began life for himself teach- 
ing in a district school and also teaching penmanship. He came to L<misi- 
ana in 1850, where he followed teaching and woi'king at the carpenter's 
trade until 1854, he bavins: tanrrht in one district in the vicinity of Louisi- 
ana nearly three years. In that year he learned the art of daguerreotyping 
under Satnel O. Minor, following that business until 185.5, wlien he went to 
St. Louis and learned the art of photographing under Mr. FitZijibbon, when 
be returned to Louisiana and followed photographing until 1850, when he 
sold out and returned to New York arul worked his uncle's farm until the 
fall of 1803, when he returned to J ouisinna, and in the following March, he, 
witli Edwin McQuie, went to Montana Territory, Mhere they mined and 
prospected, and at'ter locating and selling several claims they located one 
near p.annock City, which they still own and are preparing to work in the 
near future, as it contains silver in a {-aying (quantity. Iceturning to Louisi- 
ana in December, 18r,5, he was employed as pattern-maker in the Whitney 
Foundry until March, 1872, when he entered tiie dental office of Dr. Ed- 

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ward McCune to t^tudy doutisfrj, uud in October, 1873, he became asso- 
ciated with his j^receptor in the })ractice of deuti-^fry, in the linn style of 
Jiobinson ix, 'McCune, but v»Ir. McC-uiie dying 0:10 month after, he has since 
thnt time carried on the practice alone. In ISTl'-SO he jnade trips to Mon- 
tana and Colorado for pleasure and prospecting, October 13, 1854, he mar- 
ried Mary J., dangliter of Yv'illiam McQuie, of near Louisiana. They liave 
two chikiren living: Flora Viola and Nettie May. Himself and wife are 
members of the 2\I. E. Church South. , He is a niember of Jli\crbide l^odgc 
iSo. 22, A. O. U. ^Y. 

J. C Rose, mayor of Louisiana, was born in the village of Aldie, Loudoun 

county, Virginia, JSovcpiber IS, 1821, where he was raised and lived wi-th 

liis parents uritil he was sixtecti, when he beg-m the carpentcfs trade, wliich \ 

he followed thirty years. Lie came to Missouri and settled in Frankford, \ 

Tike county, in J^ecember, 1S4G, where he worked at Ids trade until ISiS, 

when he came to Louisiana and carried on carpentering until 1858, when he 

. . . \ 

began the manufactui'e of uiachinery for manuiacturing tobacco, carrying on j 

an extensive business up to ISCS, when he engaged in butcheiing and run- i 

ning a meal market in Louisiana, and so continues at the present writing. ] 

September 9, 1845, he married Mary Frances Stover, of Virginia, by 

he has ei"-ht children livini:: Azelia, wife of lienrv Jvhuhnann, of Louisi- | 

ana city; Eobert A., of ILiunibal, Missouri; John IL, Charles B., Ida C, | 

Oscar, and Harry. In 1879 lie was elected mayor of Louioiana and re- | 

elected in 1881, and ]>rior to that tin>e he represented the third ward in the 

citv council for five consecutive years. '■ 

John Tliomas Rule, cou.nty treasurer of Pike county, Missouri, was j 

born on the banks of the Licking Jviver near Falmouth, Pendieton county, 
Kentucky, October 16, ISPJ. lie i? the son of Edward B. and Mary (Eastin) j 

Kule. When he was eii^ht years of aii'e his father died, and in the vear 1828 ' i 
his mother came, to -Missouri and settled on a larm m the vve^tern part ot \ 

Pike county, on Peno Creek, he was reared and lived with his mother i 

until of age. He then went to "Wisconsin and engaged in lead mining, in 
th.e Pigeon lead diggings for ten years, up to 1850, when he went to Call- i 

fon.ia and mined for gidd on the Middle Fork of the American lvi\er until 
1853, when meeting with success in his operations returned to Pike county 
and engaged in general merchandising at Louisiana, having associated with 
his brother as J. T. t^' E. B. Kule. They continued in the business until 
IStJo, when they became associated wi^h E. Carsti'.rphen in the lirm name of 
Pule vfe Company, they purchasing the May Flower llouring mills at 
I-ouisiana. His brother dying in 1SC9, the tirm was changed to J. T. Eule 

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& Co. Becoming financially involved they were forced to make an assign- 
nient for the benefit of tlicir creditors in 1877. In l^TS lie was elected 
one of tlic justices of J^oni^ana, and held the {Position nntil the fall of 1SS2, 
when ho v/as elected treasurer of Pike county. January, 1S55, he married 
Eliza Ann, daughter of Adrian Ogle, who died at Louisiana June 17, 1S73, 
by whom he has four ch'hheu living: Laura E., wife of Dr. W. W. Birk- 
head of J.ouisiana; Samuel E., Adrian O., assistant librarian of the St. Louis 
Law Library of Si". Louis; and Yirgil Jl. He has lost two children : "Willie, who 
died in infancy in 1S63, and AEary E., who died August 10, ISSl, at the age 
of t'.venty-five. For several years she had been a prominent teacher in the 
public school of Louisiana, and her death was deeply felt by the community, 
Possessing rare abilities, amiable and kind in her intercourse with othei's, a 
consistent Christian, and member of the Christian Church, .she had drawn to 
her many friends. He is a membei- of the Christian Church of J^ouisiana, 
and has served as an elder since JS70. 

Henry Schooler was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, July 20, 170S. 
He lei't Kentucky Se])tember 3, and settled in Pike county, ^Missouri, Septem- 
ber 30, 1S-2S. Three children were born to him, two of whom are yet living, 
one, Mrs. J. E. Bi'own, having died since this report was received. When 
Mr. Schooler first canje here P. IL McBride was circuit judge; J. Lindsey, 
sheriff; Levi Pettibone, circuit clerk; and Uriel Griffith, constable of CpI- 
umet township. He has resided continuously on the farm he purchased of 
William Biggs, on upj^er Calumet, nntil recently, when he removed to 
Clarksville. He is a fanner and carpenter. 

JollH Sei))ert, senior member of Seibert & Co., c'gar manufacturers of 
Louisiana, v.-as born at St. Goat, Germany, November 1, 1S37. When he 
was eleven years of age he came to the United States with his parents, who 
first settled at Philadeli)hia, Pennsylvania, and lived there and at Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, nntil 1S52, when they removed to Keokuk, lov/a. While living 
at Philadelphia and Cincinnati, his father being engaged in manufacturing 
cigars, he learned cigar-making. He lived with his parents at Keokuk, and 
worked in his father's cigar manufactory up to 1S56, when he worked in 
various placps as journeyman cigar-maker until 1S57, when he came to Lou- 
isiana and engan^t'd in ci^ar manufacturinn'. In ISCO Georire Marzolf be- 
came as.soeifited with hini, in the firm name of Marzolf v*c Co., and they are 
still together, but have changed the firm name to Siebert & Co. May 30, 
1860, he married Anna M., daughter of George Marzolf, of Louisiana, Mis- 
souri. They have three children livinrr: Aiina, Susie, and John. He is a 

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Chitholic and ineinber of St. Josepli's CUnu-ch of L'oiusiaiia. He is a msm- 
ber of Mnison Lodge No. 1S75, K. of II., of Louisiiinii. « 

August C Sheldon, atlonioy at law, abstractor, and oxaniincr of land 
titles, was born in "\\''ill^b(jrough, E?sex count}', New York, September 3, 
lS37. lie is the son of Aiicor E. and riiebo (Perry) Sheldon, with whom 
, lie lived nntil manhood. He was educated at New I]ani])ton College, Fair- 
fax, Vermont, graduating in ISC-O. Although living with his parents, he 
practical!}' began t') maintain himself at the age of seventeen by teaching 
eehool, which he followed a part of each year, and tlnis defraying the ex- 
pense of his education. In the spring of 1SG2 he began the study of law 
in tlie office of Palmer E. Havens, of Essex, Nevv^ York, and was under his 
})receptorship ujitii the following Septcml>er when he entered tlie law de- 
partment of Albany University, Albany, New York, from which he grad- 
uated in IMay, 1S73, when he returned to Essex and practiced in the oflice 
of his former precojUor until January, IS74, when he went to Albany and 
accepted an a]"ipointment under J. B. Oushna, chief of the New \ ork As- 
sembly, and did service under him during the winters of lS()-i-G5 and 1866, 
and during the summer of i86i he compiled a digest of legislative claims ' ; 
i)y order of the leoisiature. In the fidl of 1SG6 he came west, and after 
prospecting in Wisconsin a short time came to Missouri and settled at Lou- | 

isiana and began the practice of law. In 1S69 he began to prepare a set of j 

abstract books, and in order to have access to the county records removed 
to Bowling Green, where he resided until February, 1S73, when he returned 
to Louisiana where he resumed his law practice and with it opened an ab- 
stract office. With his law and abstract business, he is also one of the pro- 
jectors and stockholders of the Freeman Box and Wooden Ware Factory of 
Louisiana. In June, IS^l, on account of impaired health, the result of 
overwork, he was obliged to susjjend his office labor, and partially retired 
from business. Politically, Mr. Sheldon is an avowed Republican, and is 
outspoken in his princi[des. He has been twice married. His first wife 
was Ellen, daughter of Palmer E. Havens, of Essex, New York, whom he 
married September 0, 1SG5, and who died at Louisiana March 1, 1872. By her 

I he has one child, Perrv. He married for his second wife, Emma E., dauijh- 
. . . 

f ter of Deacon M. T. Gushing, of Barriston, Canada, February, 1S76. They 
^ have three children; Benjamin C. Don G., and one unnamed. He is a 
f member of Anchor Lodge No. CO, K. of P., and of L^nison Lodge No. 1875, 

K. of H., of Louisiana. He is also a member of the Grand Lodge of K. 

of H. of the State of Missouri, of which he is now G. D. 


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728 JlftTOKY OK I'lKK COU>."TY. 

Alfrt'd Slaii;Lrlitor, ]>iesident of Uio McCuiie College of Louisiana city, 
vras burn near Wo(»<.hil]o, rJaiip.'vhiUHiock county, Yi?'ginia, Auguet 12, \'^2S. 
He is ilio fon of WiiJiaa; and J-'rances ii. (I'l-own) Slaughter, and was raised 
a fiivnier at Ids birthplace, lie was educated by attending private and pub- 
lic schools, but mostly by pjivato study. At the age of twenty he bcgnn to 
teach in his native Cfunty and taught one year. He then went to 
Fayette county, West \'ii-gi;!la, and purchased an in!}ti-oved farm, where he 
pursued farnung until 1.^54, when he ^\ent to Louisville, Kenluclcy, and 
taught in the public schools of that city until 1S57. During that time he 
was ]-»ronioted from an assistant teacher to tlic position of principal of the 
third ward school, having an attendance of 1,000 pupils. After leaving 
louisvilie he went to Johnson county, Ivansas. and enrriiged in survevin«', | 
and was aj.poinfced county surveyor by tiie governor, and held that position 
until the tail of 18G0, when he went to AVe*tport, Missouri, arid opened a 
school and taught it uiUil lbG2, when, by rcasou of the disturbed condition 
of tlie county on account of the war, he was oi)liged to discontinue it. He 
then went to Wellington, Lafayette county, Missouri, and opened another 
school and taught until ISfil, when he accepted the position of principal of 
the public schools of Lexington, Missouri, which he organized under the 
new stute law, and taught until 1S70. He then went to Lafayette county 
and organized the Texas Hrairie High School, aiid taught, until J8Ti, when 
he vras called to tlic presidency of the Home Institute of Cooper county, 
Missouri, filling that po-ition until ISSO. In 1S71 the college building of 
the Home Liistitute burned down, whereby he lost all he had accumulated 
during life, but by the aid of friends rebuilt a "large and handsome edifice 
and reopened the school in 1873. He left that school, in ISSO, in answer to 
a call to tahe charge of the Louisiana Collci/e, which under his man:^gement 
was reorganized and incorporated as the McCune College in 1881, he be- 
coming president and manager. Under his managemetit the success of the 
school is far beyond rue expectations of its most ardent friends. December 
19, 1850, he married Laura Wheaton Abbott, daughter of Isaac H. Abbot, of 
near Harrisonluirgh, Hockingham county, Virginia, by whom he has tiiree 
children: Laura A., relict of the late Dr. William H. Letterman of Texas; 
Louisa F., wife of Dr. AVilliam E. W^iatt, of Like county, Missouri; and 
Abbott W., a student of the St. Louis :Medical College at St. Louis, Missouri. 
Himself and wife are members of the Baj>tist Church of Louisiana. He is 
a Master Mason and a meniber of Globe Lodcje No. 405, of Louisiana. * 

Tlioinas Sinith, carpenter and builder, of Louisiana city, was born near 
M.ount Sterling, Bath county, Kentucky, January 14, 1817. The same year 

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of bis birtli his parents came to Missouri. They stopped at Troy, Lincoln 
county (then St. Charles), until the j^pring of ISIS, when they came to Pike 
county (tlien St. Charles') arul settled on a farm on Grassy Crceh, six miles 
\vo?t of Louisiana, where he was raised. At tlic age of fifteen he began to learn 
tlie carpenter trade by working at intervals, he hriving to v/ork on the farm. 
.He followed and carpentering onGras.-y (^reek until ISKj, wlion he 
came to Louisiana and followed his trade exclusively to the present. Dur- 
i'lg 1SG4 and 1S65 lie was employed as ship carpenter on thu ]\fissis.-ippi I 

]*iver, on board the steamer Mollic McPike. In tlie s[)ring of 1S79 he | 

went to Colorado, where he worked on a stamp mill and mined at Silver 
Cliii', returning in tlie fall of that year. Li the spring of ISSI he again 
went to Colorado ?^nd was employed as before, and again rrturned in the 
fall. During the season of 18S2 he was employed as ship carpenter on the 
steamer Bald Eagle. Septem.bcr 9, ISJtl, he married ]N[iss Frances A. Mc- . i 

Ga'.y, of Pike county. They have four children living: James S., of Da- i 

kota; Emma and I'anny, at home; Oscar M., of Texas, and Escue P., at I 

home. Himself and wife are members of the .First Baptist Church, and | 

we}'e among the original members when it was organized in 1853. i 

David ArtJiiir StCAvart, collector of United States internal revenue | 

of the fourth district of Missouri. He is the son of Arthur C. and Sarah 1 

(Johnson) Stewart, and w>as bcrn on a f^rra nt-ar Danville, Montgomery j 

county, Missouri, September 2(5, 1840, He obtained the rudiments of his J 

education in the schools of Danville. At the age of fifteen, in 1S62, he, \ 

through the recommendation of Hon. James S. Rollins, received the ap- >^ 

pointment of cadet at the Uidted States Xaval Academy at Annapolis, ' 

Maryland. Having passed through the course with due proficiency he grad- '; 

uated as midsiiipraan, standing fourth in his class, in Juno, 1SG6, after 
which he served in the L'nited States Navy ^hree years, under Admiral 
David D. Porter in the West India sspiadron. and a short time under Rear 
Admiral Charles H. Davis in the South .Atlantic squadron, and while un- 
der Admiral Davis he was promoted to ensign. In 1SG9 he resigned the 
position and returned home, and soon after acce|'ted a position in the bank- 
ing house of B. ]S. Tracy A: Son, of Macon City, Missouri, remaining there 
until October 10, 1871, when he resigned to accept the position of 
deputy United States revenue collector under his father, who was then 
the United States revenue collector of the fourth district of Missouri, the 
office being located at Louisiana. In April. L^so, he, with his father, was 
retired by reason of the appointment of R. E. Lawler as collector by Presi- 
dent Haves. He then engaged in manufacturing tobacco, being associated 
46 ' 

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with J. G. Myers and S. Carkener in the linn luime of J. G. Myers v*c Co., 
they doiiio- business part of 1S80 and during ISSl. July l^it, 1SS2, h(3 re- 
cei'.cd the apujiiilmcnt ol' co]lc-eror of United States re\'enue in the fourth 
district of ?di:-sonri from iVosident Arthur, and i-> supposed to be the young- 
est revenue collector in tlie Cnited States. October 10. ISTO, lie wedded 
Lizzie, daugliter of Ijcrianiin V. Hcrshcy, of Tort Smitli, xVrkan^as, of 
whom he was soon bereaved. >-^he dyin<^ at Louisiana A])ril 23, ]S&0. lie 
is a member of Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church, of Louisiajia, of whicli 
he has been vestryman some ten years. 

William Tlioma.s Stewart, 'M. D., is a native of Kentucky, and the son 
of David and Afai'i^aret (Jamison) Stewart, and was l)orn at Mount Sterling, 
Mari-h 14, InL'S. In 1S32 lii.: ])arcnts removed to Missouri, and first settled 
on a farm near Palmyra,' Marion county, subsequently moving to Lincoln 
county, and settled near Louisville, wliere he ^vas raised a farn;er, and re- 
ceived a commuu school education. On leaving home he began the study of 
medicine under ])r. J. IL Hughs, of Palm}ra, studying sume three years, 
and attending lectures at tlie Missouri Medical College at St. Louis in 1S4S 
and 18-19, and graduating as M. D. from the same college in 1S56. He 
began his practice at Louisviile, Missonri, continuing there until 1865, when 
he came to Louisiana, where he has pi-acticed ever since v.ithout interruption, 
excepting in the v.-inter of lSGO-70 when he made a trip to Stockton, Cali- 
fornia, and again in the winter of 1870-80 to San Antonio, Te.xas, for the 
benefit of Ids health, spending four months eacli trip. December 20, L8-49, 
ho married Lydia J. Morris, of near Louisville, Missouri, who died June 30, 
1878, He has three children living: George R., of Oakland, Calitbrnia, and 
Bettie and Davie, still at home. He is a member of Globe Lodge No. 405, 
A. F. (Sc A. M., and of Kiverside Lodge Xo. 22, xV. O. U. "VV., of Louisiana, 
and of the Chri^^tian Church of Louisiana. 

Thoinason &' Lefier. jdiotographers, of Louisiana. The senior member, 
James A. Thomasou, Mas born in Steeleville, ICandolph county, Illinois, 
July 25, 1844, where he was raised. AVhen nineteen, in 1864, he enlisted 
in Company E, Thirtieth liegimcnt Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served 
until the close of the war. lieturning Jiome, in 1805, he attended school, 
and was variously employed until 1807, when lie went to Grand Glaize. 
Arkansas, and clerked in a store six months, when be returned to Illinois 
and engaged in farming, up to 1800, when he began to learn the art of pho- 
tographing under A. C. 2\[oore. of Areola, Illinois. He followed that busi- 
ness then, and traveled as an artist, up to 1877, when he located at Larsons, 
Kansas, and pursued the same business until 1870, when he sold out and 

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leturniiig to Illinois resumed farming, followini:;; it until 1S82, when he be- 
came associrited with I», 1\ Leller in a ]»hotogi'a})h gullerv at liOuisiana^ 
:M:ircli *J7, 1S73, lie married Mad ha A. I'yle, of St. Jacob's, Illinois, by j 

whom he h.-ts fuur children: Kaoma Alice, Jei-ald Massej, l^lanche, and one I 

not juimed. He isadimittcd Master and Tioyal Arch Mason. The junior 
niember of the lirni, Bcnjjiniin Franklin j.ciler, was born near Zanes- { 

\ille, Ohio, Septenil>er 17, 1S51. At the apje of twehe lie went witli Jiis j 

parents to Arcida, Illinois, wlieru lie lived with them until he was nineteen. | 

In 1S70, having learned the art of photographing, he traveled as an 
artist until 1875, wlien he took charge of a gallery in Burlington, Iowa, for 
J. H. Ileynohis, and leaving thei'O iji August, ISsi*, he came to Louisiana, < 

when the firm of Thomason Oc Lctler was formed. April 20, 1S76, h.c mar- 
ried Clara E.X-"atlin, of Burlington. Iowa. He is a M.aster JMason, and is a i 
member of Montgomery Lodge Xo. 270, Yilli^ca, Iowa. He is also an Odd "| 

Fellow, nnd a member of "Wo^liirigton Lod^-o No. 1, of Burlington, Iowa. ■:{ 

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:- Lafavctlc Tilislfy general manager and one of the stoekh'.ilders of the 'i 

V Tinsley Tobacco Company, of Louisiana, Missouri, is a son of Rodney and .] 

'I Mfiry (^"Whitten) Tinsley, and was born near Lynchburg, Yirginia, July 2, j 

i lsl4, where he lived with his parents until manhood. He began to do for I 

\ . himself as an overseer on the jdantation of Kodcrick Davis, at a place called -•! 

[ the Cove, near the James liiver, Virginia. He followed that occupation for i 

f-" three years, when he rented the same plantation and followed farming until ^ 

[ 1843, when he purchased a farm on the Jauaes Iliver, in Bedford county, i 

% Virginia, vvhere he continued to farm until ISllJ, when he sold out and ] 

I came to Missouri and located in Bike county, where he farmed as a renter ] 

I until 1S52, v;hen he purchased a farm near Brairieville (which he still owns\ j 

I ajid farmed there until 1S6L when he came to Louisiana and engaged in i 

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I dealing in leaf tobacco for one year, when he, became associated with his j 

I brother, Addison Tinslev, in the firm name of A. & L. Tin&lev, and encra^red \ 

i in the manufacture of plug tobacco, and has been so en<^-aged ever since, 

\ the firm making several changes. His brother, X. W. Tinsley, and E. C. '] 

Bright have been associated Nvith him at dillerent times. The Tinsley To- i 

bacco Company was in January, 1S^3, he being u large stock- | 

holder and geneal manager. May 13, 18-10, he married ]\[iss Henrietta E. j 

Tiobinson, of near Liberty, the county seat of l>edi'ord county, Virginia. j 

They have two children: Walter G., cashier of the Mercantile Bank, of 

Louisiana city, and Tliomas L., one of the stockholders and book-keeper of -] 

the Tinsley Tobacco C'trnpany. Himself and wife are members of the M. j 

f!; • :'t J, 


E. Clmrch South and luive been for over tbity years, :ind has been one of itr^ 
trustees for many years. 

WilliaiJJ Xelsou 'J'iliyl«\v. secretary of tlic Sam lloid Tobacco Manufac- 
ing Company, of Louisiana city, is a son of liodney and I'oUy (Whittcii) 
Tinsley. lie was l)orn near Lynchburg, A''ir;^';inia, Aui:;ust l\5, 1830, where 
be lived with his parents until 1849, wiien lie came witli them to ^Missouri, 
they settling in Pike county, near Louisiana, where they Hvcd until 1852, 
when they went to Lincoln county, and settled on a farm near Louisville, 
where he lived until uttaiiiing his majority. He then towk charge of his 
father's farm, which he su])erintended for ten years, when in the spring of 
lvS67 he purchased a farm near Paynesville, Pike county, where he farmed 
until 1SG9, when in the spring of that year lie came to Louisiana and sj:>ecu- 
lated in leaf tobacco, with his brother, S. Tinsley, as S. Tinsley cV: Brotlier, 
until 1871, 'v^ lien C. Bright became associated with them, as Tinsley, Bright 
& Co., and engaged in manufacturing tobacco, he retiring from the firm the 
following year. He then became associated with his brother, xi. Tinsley, 
and A. J. ]*^IcCune, in the firm name of A. Tinsley & Co., and so continues. 
October 14, 1858, he married Margaret Jane Goodman, who died August 
21, 1SG4. August 22, 1865, he married for Ids second wife Margaret H. Mor- 
ris, of Louisiana, who died June 26, 1872. His third wife was Allie S. 
LJobinson, vJiom he married June 2G, IBT::"*, by whom he has five children: 
Maggie Helen, Edward Henry, Anna Lulu, Mary Elizabeth, and one not 

J. B. aiul B. F. Todd, comprising the firm of Todd Ihothers, grocers, of 
Louisiana. The elder, John Bankhead Todd, was born in Prairieville, Pike 
county, Missouri. January 22, 1852. He lived with his parents until his 
eighteenth year, when, in 1870, he went to Tipton, California, and engaged 
in raising and dealing in sh?.'ep. In 1875, he, in connection with his sheep 
ranch, engaged in the merc^.ntile business at the same place. In 1881 he 
discontinued tlie mercantile l>usiness. In 1SS2, leaving his sheep ranch 
in charge of a superintendent, he came to Louisiana, where, in September 
of that year, he became connected with his brother in the grocery business. 
Benjamin Franklin Todd was born near Ashley, Pike county, June 23, 1>59. 
He lived with his parents until manhood, luid remained with them uunl he 
was twenty-tvro and worked for wages. In (October: ISSl, he went to Tip- 
ton, California, and was employed by his brother until March, 1882, when 
he returned home. In May following, he became associated with B. F. Miller 
in the grocerv business at Louisiana. His brother bought out Mr. Miller 

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in September of tlie saiiie year, thus foniiiii^ the present firm of Todd 

JOilii Hall Todd v^lcoeased), hitelv of Louisiana, ^[issouri, was born in 
St. Jahus county, near St. ].ouis, ]\rissouri, October 3, ISIO. lie is of Scotch 
and Frencli descent, and was tlic son of Benjainin and Sarah Todd. His 
niotlier was a siste)' of General Joe Calics, of Missouri. lie carae with his 
parents to Clarksville, Pike county, when he was very yonnir, wlierc he was 
raised. When fifteen he was apju-enticed to Joiiii Jlewitt, of Paynesville, 
to learn the saddle and harness makincr trade, witli whom he worked seven 
years, when, in iS-il, he returned to Clarksville and engaged in saddle and \ 

harness making until 1S4G, when he went to Xew Diggings, Wisconsin, ''! 

where he entraired in saddle and harness uial^ing and investing in lead min- \ 

ing until 1S52, when he returned to Pike county and purchased a farm ; 

Eear Prairieville, where he pursued farming until 1859, wlien, selling the \ 

farm, he pnirchased another near Ashley, to be convenient to a school, so as \ 

to educate his children. Penting his farm in 1S7S he removed to Louisi- ' 

ana, Missouri, wiiei'e he was engaged in dra}ing nj> to liis death, December J 

21, ISSl. His wife, who still survives hiin, was ISliss Caroline Corfee, of \ 

Tennessee. She became -acquainted with him whiie visiting a sister at ^ 

Clarksville, Missouri, in IS-ii, ami March 3, 1S45, they were united in ] 

matrimonv. I'hev had ten children: Avesha J., wife of Jesse Irvina', of j 

near Ashley; William O., uf California; Addic T., wife of William ileron, "^ 

traveling in Europe; John P>., of Pouisiana; Maggie, unmarried and now --i 

in California; Clarence, a merchant of Columbus, Kentucky; Penjamin P., \ 

of Louisiana; and Minnie P., Setfie D., and Carrie, at home. Mr. Todd ,| 

was a Master Mason and a member of the lodge at Bowling Green, Mis- ] 

souri. 1 

Walter James Yau Horn was bom near Campbell county, Kentucky, 
February 8, 181S, wliere he was raised and educated. His father dying 
when he was very young, he lived with his mother until manhood. He be- 
gan life for himself by being variously employed until lS-±2, when he em- 
■ barked in the manufacture of tobacco at Pnion, Boone county, Kentucky, 
where he followed it only a ^hort time, when he went to Covington, Ken- 
tucky, where he continued in the same business until ISiS, when he re- 
moved to Louisiana, Missouri, where, with his brothers, William M. and 
Archibald, he enwao-ed in the manufacture of plug and fine cut tobaccos, 
they being the pioneer tobacconi&ts of Louisian;i. lu 1S03 they discontinued 
the busine-5 at Louisiana, when he, with the same brothers and Edward C. 
Murray, went to Chicago, Illinuis. and engaged in the manufacture ot 

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734: illSTOKY OF riKF. COrKTY. 

tobacco as Yaii Horn, ]\I'airriy tl- Co. Their co-partnership was dissolved 
in 1S6G, when lie, with his son C;i;-sius, his brother Archibald, and J. H. 
Patterson, in the firm 6tyle of A. ]\[. Van Horn d' Co., en£^ai^ed in di^tillini^ 
at Chicafro, having a hirgo distillery, carryinf^ on an extensive business for 
one year, wher. tiieir distillery was burned. JvCturiiin;^' to Louisiana in 1S77 
he, with his soii and brother, purchased the old tobacco factory at Lonisi- 
ana, which also burned down the same year. He and his son Cassins then 
engaged in the same buiiness at AYarsaw, Illinois, until 186!», when he re- 
tired from business and returned to Louisiana, where he died in 1879. In 
1S59 Mr. Yan Horn invented a machine for manufacturing flat lump to- 
bacco and is the original inventor of that kind of machinery. In lSi2 he 
married Sarah "W. Cluyd, of iioone county, Kentucky, by v/honi he has had 
six children, one of v> horn died in ini;u]cy; Cassius, of Louisiana; Cornelia, 
wife of W. W. Anderson, Louisiana; Addie, wife of W. F. Colton, of Salt 
Lake City, Utah; ]Mary S., wife oi' 3a.inc6 A. Chutes, of Lincoln, ^Nebraska, 
and Clara K., who died in Chicago in l>)0o, at four years of age. 

Wald Brotbi'l'S, merchants of Louisiana, IMissouri, Louis, Adam, and 
David, are natives of Prussia. Louis came to the United States when a 
boy, in 1850, and was engaged as a clerk at Qu'incy, Illinois. The other 
two came in IStJG. In 1S70 Louis atid L)avid engaged in business at Mc- 
Comb, Illinois. Adam was a traveling salesman until 1S73, when he came 
to Louisiana and engaged in the commission business, and in 1874 he be- 
came associated with his bothers at ^IcComb, Illinois, in the mercantile 
business, he managing the store at Louisiana and they at McCoinb. In 
1S7S they C(jnsolidated their business at J^ouisiana. These brothers have 
acted in unison since their boyhood and have shared in all their transac- 
tions. They began business on a small scale and have gradually increased 
it until they have the most extensive dry goods store in Pike county. They 
are located on the coiner of Georgia and Third streets, occupying three large 
store rooms elegantly fitted up in the most modern style. 

Jolni Calhomi AValter.s, grocer of Louisiana, was born near German 
town, Pennsylvania, ^.'ovember 13, 1S4L When he was four years old he 
went with his parents to Akron, Ohio. He attended the high school of Ak- 
ron until he was fourtren, when he was employed as a clerk in the store of 
M. Ballenger and was in Iiis employ until 1S(>1, when he enlisted in the l^. 
S. Y'olnnteer Marine service on l>oai'd the gunboat Tyler, of the Mississippi 
squadron, and served until September, 18G5. He held tlie position of boat- 
swain's mate. He jmrticip.itcd in tlie bombardment of Forts Henry ;'.nd Don- 
elson, battle of Shh'oh, bomburdinent of Island No. 10, naval battle near 


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Meinpliis, and the bombardment and siet^c of Vicksbiir^^, After being 
iMustert-'il out at Annapolis, ^Maryland, he went to Pike county, Illinois, where 
jiis father had removed in his aljsence, where he workiHl at the coopt-'r's 
trade until ISTO, when he came to Lo'iisiana and was employed as a fore- 
man, in the cooper shop of E. M. Oraig. In TS70 lie became associated 
vv-ith Ins employer in the o^fO'.'erj business in the firm name of E. ]\r. Ci'aig 
i^j Co. In ISTi) Mr. CraiL;; retired from the iinn, and C. Anderson beconi- 
inir his successor the firm was changed to "Walters S: Anderson. Novem- 
Ina' 24, 1S70, he married Sadie C, daughter of E. AI. Craig, by whom he lias 
oiic child, Annie. Himself and wife are members of the Ciiristian Church 
of Louisiana. lie is a member of (-Jlobe Lodge oSo. 49o, A. F. & A. J^[.; 
of Union Lodge Xo. 1875, K. of IL; and of Kiverside Lodge jN"o. 22, A.. 
(). IT. W., of Louisiana. 

All^'USt William ^Velirinan, merchant tailor, was born in the village 
* Vrulthopen, Hanover, Germiui}-, December i?3,_ 18H2, where he was raised 
and lived with his parents until manhood. AVlien fourteen he began to learn 
the trade of tailoring and worked at that trade until reaching his majority, 
when in 1851 he came lo the United States. He first settled at Chicago, 
after making a visit in Wisconsin, where he worked until the spring of 1855, 
when he weiit to Eultun. Illinois, and worked as cutter and salesman in the 
merchant tailoring establishuient of Philip Goldsmitli until 1S5S, when he 
went to St. Louis, wh.ere he was employed as cutter and journeyman tailor 
. until Xovember, 1860, when became to Louisiana and was em ployed by Gunn 
& Barnum in the merchant tailoring department of the store for a sliort 
; time, when he went to Ashley, Missouri, and engaged in the merchant tailor- 
ing business until 1863, vvheu he returned to Louisiana and carried on 
F- business until lbG5, when he suspended, and was employed as a cutter by 
; Ayers ct Hawkins until 1S79, when he establislied his present business 
; which has so increased that he now employs eleven hands. June 14, 1864, 
he married Bettie, daughter of Xicholas GritHth of Ashley, Missouri, by 
■ whom he has three children: Amelia, Maud, and Augustus. He is a mem- 
\ ber of the iiaptist Church of Louisiana. He is a Master Mason, a Knight 
I of Honor, and a Kniirht of Pvthias, and belouirs to the ludires of those orders 
f at Louisiana. 

\ ThonirtS Ferdinand Wliitiiey, proprietor of tlie Louisiana Foundry and 

i Machine Shop of Louisiana city, was born near Vicksburg. in Hine county. 
[ Mississippi, May 7, 1>33. His father dying when he was five years of age, 
I he was sent to relatives living in Dedham, Massachusetts, where he lived 
and attended school until he was ten, when he was sent to New York City 

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and was aj^j^reuticed to the IS'cw "i'ork City Novelty Iron "Works Company 
to learn tlie trade of niacliinist and engine bniider and served seven years) 
and 'hiring the latter ])art of lii.s term of apjirenticeship he was m^de assist- 
ant^draughtsnian in the office of the Novelty Company. lie left the Novelty 
Coni))any the fall of 1S5+, becoming a cadet in the Marine Engineers' Corj)S 
at tliel'. S. Naval Academy at Annri]>oli5, Maryland, and gi'aduatod as marine 
engineer in the class of IbSG, and v/as at tlie same time commissioned second 
assistant on board the U. S. steamsiiip Mi6sissi])pi, and served a cruise of eight 
months on the Mediterranean Sea. Indian Ocean, and other African waters. 
He was then granted a leave of absence, at the cx[)iration of v.-hich he re. 
signed. In the fail of 1^:57 he came to Missouri and engaged in the foun- 
dry business i'ov a short time at Hannibal, when he came to Louisiana city, 
and founded the Louisiana Foundry. In 1S5T he married Laura Holt of 
Hannibal, ^lissonri. 

. R(>]>ert Hayciaft Vi'illinni;-, merchant of Louisiana, Missouri, was born 
near La Grange," Lewis county, Missouri. ]\[arc1i 31, 1852. He is the son of 
William Y. and Sarah C. (Simpson) Williams. When he was four years 
old his parents removed to La Grange where he was raised. From his 
fourteenth year up to his nineteenth he worked in his father's tobacco fac- 
tory, when, in ls71, he become associated with his brother, Horace N., in 
the dry goods business at La Grange, in the lirm name of Williams Broth- 
ers. In 1872 they removed to Loiiisiana, In August, 1SS2, Horace N. 
retired from the lirni, and he continued the business alone. May 23, 1877, 
he married Ora B.,dangh.ter of J. N. Cryson, of Louisiana, Missouri, by 
whom he has one child, Itussell. He is a Knight of Pythias, and member 
of Unison Lodge No. 1875, of Louisiana, of wliich he is one of the past 
dictators. In 18S2 he represented Jiis lodge in the Grand Lodge of the 
state that met at St. Louis. . ' 

Levi Hall Woods, grocer, of Louisiana, was Viorn in Brookville, Frank- 
lin county, Indiana, April 16, 1828, where he was raised, and educated in 
the public schools. At the age of fifteen he began clerking and was em- 
ployed as such by his father and others up to 1850, when he made a trip to 
California vrith a mule toam. where he succes-sfnlly mined on the Yuba and 
Feather rivers until J 852. when he went to Portland, Oresron, and eno-ac^ed 
in the auction business, first as clerk and then as j»roprietor, until May, 1S55, 
when he returned to Indiana, and soon after he became associated with F. 
G. Taylor, of Covington. Kentuoky, and ran a peddler's wagon through j)or- 
tions of Ohio and Indiana, wholesaling Yankee notions, until the fail of 
1S5G, when he came to Missouri and was employed as a clerk at Savannah 

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until the fall of 1S5S, when lie purchased a farm near Savannah and ])nr- 
sucd farming until lSi31, when he joined the Confederate army under Gen^ 
eral Sterliiig I'rice. Three months after his enlistment ho was injured, and 
boon after he accepted the terms of President Lincoln's proclamation and 
o-ave up his arms. He then went to St. Loui.s where ho was employed as 
second mate on the steamer •' oieardstown " for two seasons. Durin;^ IS65 
and loUO he sold fanniiig mills thror.t;li the southern jsortlon of I.llin(jis for 
a Cinciniiati rirm. In 1SG7 he came to CllH•k^v-ille, Missouri, wiiere he 
clerked until 1^69, when he came to Louisiana and eni;-aged in the grocery 
businesss until trie spring of ISTO, when he failed in business on account of 
Suintr security f(_ir othei'S. Pie then went to Illinois and farmed near Alton 
until 1S7-, when he ^\•enL to St. Louis and was engaged in huckstei'ing for j 

two years, and afterward employed as salesman for a tobacco manufactory \ 

until 1S74, when lie purchased a farm near Jjowling Green, Missouri, and | 

pursued faru)ii!g up to Ociober, 1681, when disposing of his farm he came | 

to Louisiana and eng;;ged in the grocery business. He has been twice f 

laarried. Re married for his lirsc wife, Adaline Norwood, of Savannah, Mis- j 

souri, January 27, 1S57; she dicil at tiie same place in "1S60. His second j 

wife w;is J^orain Wigginton, of Pike county, whom he married January 21, . ^ 

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John C Wood, gardener, of Louisiana, was born in Schleswig-Holstein, 

Germany, March 2, lS2i, where he was raised. In 1S36 he was sent to the | 

Prussian Agricultural School, from which he graduated in 1S?>S, receiving i 

the first premium awr.rded to a class of sixty-six members. He then worked \ 

in his father's garden and nursery until 1S51 when he became overseer on \ 

the farm of Hon. John Fisher, and was so employed up to 1S54, wlien he i 

came to the United States, He iirst located near Ghicacro, where he was j 

emploj-eil in the nursery of Dr. John Kentton until LS57, when he went to j 

Bloomington, Illinois, and was employed as foreman in the nursery of F. j 
K. Phenix until 1S5!>, when he came to Missouri and worked in the nursery 
of Xorman J. Coleman, of St. Louis, six months, when he went to St.. 
Charles and became associated in the nursery business with A. Conagan, in 

the firm name of Coiuigan vfc Co. He retired fiom the firm at the begin- : 

ning of the war in ISOl, and enlisted for five months in Company A, of j 

Colonel Cragle's itegimeut Missouri Volunteer Infantry. At the expiration . 

of his terifi of enlistment he was emj-'oyed in the quartermaster's depart- , 

nient of General Osterhaus's brigade, then at St. Louis, and was with that j 

brigade at the battles of Peallidge, Pod River, Helena, Yicksburg, Look- ^ 

out Mountain, Peach Orchard, and the battles in Alabama, the last being j 

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at Wobile. After the war in ISOO he ciiine to Lonisiiuia and worked in the 
nursery of William Stark nutil ISOO, when ho became associated with Mr. 
Stark in a vineyard and in raising small fruit, and was with him until 1S73, 
when he began to work his present (.garden, one mile west of Lonis^iana. Ho 
grows everything in hit; line, including flowers, his market being Lou- 
isiana. November i^.v), JS39, he married Mary Oliver, of Pike county. Jle 
is a member of the Lutheran Church, and his wife of the M. E. Church 


Robert F. Ayn-s, a farmer and stock-iaiscr of Lnffalo township, is the 
only surviving sou of th-j late llichie Ayres, an old and highly esteemed 
resident of Pike connty, wlio settled on Gra&sy Creek in 1S2S, where he 
lived nntil his death, which occurred August 5, 1S7S. Our subject was 
born f>n his father's hotr.'^stead, on Grassy Creek, January 22, 18:1:2, where 
he still resides, and is actively engaged in breeding pure Short-Horn cattle, 
in which he has been very successful. In iNovember, 1SS2, he was elected 
county judge of Pike county on the regular Democratic ticket. March 9, 
1865, he was married t-v Anna, daughter of "William Brjson, late of Pike 
county. They 'nave six children living: Anna Isabelle, Lena, Helen, iLary 
Grace, and Lilian. They had one, Robert F., Jr., who died very suddenly 
October, 1882, when four years of age. Himself and wife are members of 
the Ebejiezer Presbyteri.m Church, on Grassy Creek, of which he has been 
ruling elder for sixteen years. He is a Master Mason, and member of the 
lodge at Louisiana. 

John James Arthur, a farmer of Putialo township, is the eldest of two 
sons of ]Ma6ton H. and Bersheba (Puu) Arthur. He was born near 
Clarksviilc, May 2, 1830. When he was only a few months old his ])arents 
removed to Clear Creek, near Louisiana, where he lived with them until be- 
coming of age. When he left home to do for himself he engaged in farm- 
ing as a renter on Salt Piver, in Putfalo township, where, in 1854, he pur- 
chased sixty-three acros of land, which was the nucleus of his present farm, 
containing 20t'» acres. With farming and growing fruit he is to some ex- 
tent engaged in raising stock. He has tilled the position of school director 
for fourteen years. He has been three times married. Lie married for his 
first wife, Rhoda Xalley, October 21, 1852, and she died August 20, 18t>3, by 
whom he has six children. His second wife was Elizabeth Spencer, whom 
he married JL^rch 3i, ISGL who died January 25, 1875, by whom he has 
five children. He married for his last wife, Mrs. Eliza A. Spencer, June Hi, 

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Bi<»f;RAPnrrAL sketchks. • 739 

1876. THinfcir rtivl wife are nicnibcrs of tlio Suit Kivor Brvptist Chnrclu of 
whicli he has been clerk for six ye^v^. Diirinr^ the late war he was a Fnion 
man, and, althongh exempt from military duty, became a home guard un- 
der Captnin McGurry, but was called out on guard only oocasionally. 

Jolui 3ril)'sliall Allen, grocer, of Louisiana, was born on a farm in the 
vicinity of Louisiana, February 5, 1845. His fathci-, Sauiucl E. Allen, catne 
to Pike county in 181S, from St. Louis county, Missouri, where he was born 
in January, ISIL He was raised in this county, and from maturity until 
1S50 followed farming in the vicinity of Louisiana, and in that year Ik; es- 
tablished himself in the boot and shoe business in Louisiana, following it 
some two or three years, when he clianged from that to the grocery business 
?■ which he followed until his death, iii 1S70. The subject of this sketch was 
|. raised in Louisiana, and educated in the private and ])ublic schools, and by \ 

l attending Eureka College, in Illinois, a year and a half. At eleven years I 

t of age he began to work in the tobacco factories of Louisiana, and was so 1 

I employed during the summer seasons for twelve years, and attending school 1 

k durino- winters. In the fall of ISOT he wont to St. Louis, wbcre he worked \ 

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in a tobacco iactory until the spring of IS'IS, when he went up the MiEsonri 

Eiver as far as Fort Ijentoj), on the steamer Success, an.d from there across ] 

the country to the Bitter Sweet Yalley. where he entraged in herding cattle j 

fe until jNfay, ISGO. lie then took charge of a stock ranch, in the same val- ^, 

ley, for Snipes c\:. Allen, until 1S70, v/hen he went to The Dalles in Oregon, i 

and to the Yakima Valley in Wasliington Territory, where he heard the I 

news of his father's death, when he returned to Louisiana city, where he en- j 

gasrcd in the grocery business in 1871. Selling out in the spring of 1873 he \ 

returned to The Dalles in Washijigton Territory, and ran a cattle ranch for \ 

himself until July, 1874, when he sold his ranch and returned to Louisiana " i 

and engaged in the grocery business until 1877, when he went to the Black ] 

! Hills and prospected for gold in the Big Horn and Wind Iliver M')nntain3 j 

during that summer, when he went to Washington Territory and established j 
a ranch near the'mouth of the Klikatat River, and remained until the spring 
of ISSO, when, disposiTig of his ranch he returned to Louisiana and estab- 
lished his present grocery business. October 29, 1873, he married Ollie 

I Lyle, of The I3alles,, by wliom he ha^ one child, Lelia. 

AVilliaui Newton Ih'j'son. a farmer of Buifalo township, is of an old 
pioneer family. His grandfather, John Brj-.son, came from the York dis- 
trict, South Carolina, in 1816, and settled in Pike county (then a part of 
St. Charles county), l.e bein;:^ the ori2:inal owner of the site of Louisiana 
city, it from the government, which he sold. He then, 

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about 1S19, entered the Iruu.l tliut is now tlie Bryson hoinestead, on Grassy 
Creok, five miles we=t of Louisiana, which, at his death, in 1821, was inlier- 
iied by his son William, who was born in Yorkville, South Carolina, De- 
cember 1:3, IS'.)!, and came with parents to Missouri in 1^1G. lie mar- 
ried -Mi?s KHza Yeater in 1S2S. They had two sons: Jolin. and the subject 
of this sketch, who was born on the homestead, September 21, ISW, where 
he was raised. He was educated by attendino- the public school, the AYat- 
son zVcademy at Ashley, Missouri, iuxd Sliurtliti' College, at Upper Alton, 
Illinois. During the war, in 18G1, he was employed as a clerk in the pay 
luaster f;:eiierars ofhce 0+' the state of i^[issouri, at Jetierson City. At the 
death of ids fatlier. May 5, 18(34, he inherited the homestead, where he s Jon 
after engaoed in farming, and so continues. In ISTO. in connection with 
fanning, he engaged in breeding Siiort-Ilorn cattle, and in that year started 
his herd, known as tb.e Ashland Herd. Xovember 11, IsG'J, he married 
Miss Sue M., daughter of .John Reading, of Pike county, by whom he has 
two cliildren, Ora and Eiiza. He is a member of the Ebenezer Presbyte- 
rian Church, on Grassy Creek. 

Henry P>eiiJ;niii;i Hiitts, M. D., a retired physician, is the oldest of five 
sons of liev. Daniel P. Putts. He was born near Hume, Xew York, July 
31, 1S34. His father being a minister and making frequent changes, he was 
raised at nu one place. He was educated by attending the public schools of 
the various places where he lived with his parents, until he was sixteen years 
of age, when he began clerking in a drug store in ^STew Haven, Connecticut, 
and was so employed for four years, when he went to New York City and 
engage'] hi the drug bu^-iness, which he followed there and at Rome. ^^Tew 
York, and St. Louis, Missouri, until 1SG3, when, having studied medicine 
• privately, he graduated as M. D. from the McDowell Medical College, of 
St. liOuis. He then began the practice of medicine in St. Louis, and in 
1SG3 he founded the Dr. Putts Dispensary, of St. Loui^, of which he was 
pro]jrietor until 1ST4, when he sold his dispensary, and retiring from the 
practice of medicine, came to Pike county and settled in the vicinity of 
Louisiana city, on his Hill Side stock and dairy farm, and is engaged in 
breeding Jersey cattle and makes the "Crovvn Jersey Herd Patter,'' which 
he ships weekly to St. Louis. October 9, 1854, he married Lucinda, daugh- 
ter of Samuel S. Bishop, Esq., of iSew Haven, Connecticut. By her he has 
three children: Ada L., Sherman H., of Ashland, Pike county, and John A. 
Himself and family are members of the Eirst Presbyterian Church of Loui- 
siana city, of which he is one of the ruling elders. He is a prominent Ma- 
son, having taken all the degrees up to the ninety-fifth of the "Egyptian 

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Mat^onic rite of Meinpliis." lie has ])resi(jef] as wor9l)ii)fiil master of liis 
lo'lo:^ «iiid lii^li prio?tof liis cliaptcr sevora] years. Tie is now deputy (;rand 
:nar<ter and dii^trict lecturer of tlie Grand Lodge of i^Lissouri for the tliird 
district of Missouri. , ; ... 

Tlionia.s ^larioi! Cnri'oll, a, Ihrmer of Buffalo township, is a ?on of Joseph ' 

and Isabolle (lleury) Carrol]. They were natives of Soutli Carolina, and j 

came to Pike county (then a part of St. Charles county) in 1S17. He was 

horn on a farm in Eufialo township, f<:>ui- miles south of T.u;ii?iaiia. Decern- ] 

ber 17, lS2o, wliere he lived with his parents until mardiood. ITis fatlier j 

beinfi^ a blacksmith he also learned that trade. After becominc^ of age lie ' 

worked one year in his father's shop, and then began to do for himself by | 

establishing a shop on the Fraukford road, six miles from Loui>iaiia, and '^ 

followed blacksmirhing there for four years, up to 1840, when his fatiier j 

gave him a part of the homstcad, where he farmed and carried on a shop ] 

until 1852, when, selling out. he ])urchased tlie land that is now his farm. ! 

containing 200 acres, the only improvement being a small field. AVith J 

farming and clearing his land lie also continued blacksmithing up to ISCO, j 

wlien he discontinued his blacksmithino- and devoted himself to farmino- 1 

and fruit-ruising, and making a specialty of tlie latter for the last fifteen ". 

years. In 1S60 he was elected assessor of .Pike county and re-elected in j 

1862 and 1864. In 18GS he was elected a member of the Missouri state \ 


senate for a term of four years. In 1800 he was present at the inauguj'u- i 

tion of Governor Joseph W. McClera*, and has witnessed the inautruration j 


of all the governors since, exceptino tliat of T. T. Crittenden. -August 22, 1 

1844, he married Martha W. Eryson, daughter of William ]3ryson, an old A 

pioneer of Pike county, who came from South Carolina h) 1816. Bv her he j 

has six children: John M.. of Texas; Homer B., of St. Louis; Helen C, j 

wife of Colonel P. K. Dolman, of Montana Territory; William C, still at \ 

home, and Joseph T., of Montana Territory. Himself and wife are members j 

of the Ebenezer Presbyterian Church, on Grassy Creek. j 

James Young* Fry, a farmer of Buffalo township, was born at Pamsey | 

Creek, in Calumet township. Pike county, ]Missouri, October 22, 1820. His i 

parents were natives of Kentucky and came to Pike county in 1S19. Soon I 

after his birth they removed to Buffalo townshi]) and settled on a farm six | 

miles south of Louisiaiia city, where his father died in 1S22. He remained j 
with h\> mother until manhood, and, as soon as he was old enough, helped ' | 

her to maintain the family by working out for wages. After reaching ma- 1 

tnrity he worked two years as a farm, hand for §50 per yeai- and board. He i 

then, not having had an opportunity to attend school, attended a subscriptivn i 



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school in Buffalo townshij) one year, lie then tfinght a ^subscription school 
for nine months tVir sl-2 per mouth, und -'hoarded around.'' The next year 
he pureliasod his mother's homeelCiid, goint; in debt for tlie whole of the 
purohaso-money. lie lived there t\rc years when, in lSiS,he sold and pur- 
cliased his ]>resent farm two miles south of Louisiana city, where he has 
pursued farming and h.orticdturc ever since, isovember 27, lS4i, he mar- 
ried Miss KHzabetli C. Jordan, dauohter of .Robert Jordan of I'ike county, 
by whom he liarr five childiea living: James 11., a farmer of Eufl'alo town- 
shij); Cortes M.. a commercial traveler for the wholesale hat and cap house 
of J. Meyberge t<: Co. of St. Louis; AYilliani W., an attorney at Mexico, 
Missouri; Octa I^.I., at hon^e; and P>arber W., a sLudont at the Missouri 
State Cniversity at Columbia, Himself and wife are members of the Buf- 
falo Cumberland Presbytei'ian Church, of long staiiding, of v.-liich he has 
been one of the ruling elders since 1:^50, and has served as clerk of the ses- 
sion fur eight years. During the late war lie was a Union man and served 
as a home guai'd under Colonel Fagg. . . ■ - , 

«1 nines Xortoni Heiulersoii, horticulturist and dealer in fruit, is the son 
of James and ^[aiy (Dcwvson) Henderson. lie was born near Danville, 
Virginia, December 25, 1S32, and in the year following his birth he came 
to Missouri witli his parents, who settled in Lincoln county, where they 
both died in 1SP)'>. He was then taken by friends and raised until old 
enough to provide for himself He was educated by attending the ordinary 
subscription school then in vogue. When eigliteen years of age, in 1S50, 
he v.ent to Caliloi-nia where ho mined succetsfully uiitil lb52, y.-hen he re- 
turned to Pike county, Missouri, and engaged in teaching school in Calumet 
township in the vicinity of Clarksville up to 1S5L, when he came to Louis- 
iana and was em"})loyed in the law oHice of his brother, Hon. John B. Ilen- 
dersuu, as a clerk and an assistant for nearly two years, when in the summer 
of 1855 he engaged in the rnanutacture of plug tobacco, being associated 
with G. W. Thurmon, Thomas Cash, and John B. Strange in the tirm style 
of Cash, Henderson, Strange Sr Co., who were tlie pioneer tobacco manuftc- 
turers of Louisiana, 'ihey did a profitable business up to Isovember 11, 
1867, when their factory was burned, iiivolving a los^s of '^30,000. In ISOS 
lie went to Iveoknk, Iowa, where, with Messrs. Cash and Strang.-, he again 
engaged in the manufacture of tobacco in the tirm name of J. X. Hender- 
son A: Co. Thev discontinuinir the business in 1S70, he then entray;ed in 
buying leaf tobacco at various points on the Missouri River and shipping 
it to the St. Louis market up to 1S78, when he began to deal iu and raising 
fruit in the vicinity of Louisiana city. During 1857, 1858, 1859, and UCO, 

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li(i served as councilman in the city council otVLouisiaua. December, 1S5G, 
hu luai-ried lone Bartlett, dau^^liter of Dr. E. M. Uartlett of Louisiana city, 
|>v uliuin he. has one son, Merrill. 

p^(h>ai'd A. i\[c(|uie, a farmer of liuffalo township, was horn near Lou- 
isiana, Pike county, Missouri, March 1, 1833. He is the son of William L. 
McQuie, a pioneer of Pike county, who came from Kentucky in 1829. He 
lived with his parents until manhood, when, becoming of age, in 1859, he 
made a trip to California, after which he returned to his father's homestead 
and remained until Maj-ch, ISGl, when he, with Dr. A. C. liobinson and 
William Griffith, went to Idnho Territory. En route they encampeid 
at Plumb Creek, in Nebraska, where he was accidentally shot in the arm. 
They arrived at Bannock City in July, 1864. During that .sumn.}er they 
prospected in the vicinity of Paunock City, and during the fall he and Dr. 
Eobinson built a house for the use of the first legislature of Montana Terri- 
tory, that territory having been recently formed out of a part of Idaho. In 
March, 1SG5, he left Bannock City and went to German Gulch, where he 
remained until the fall, when he received the intelligence that his father, on 
account of failing health incident to old age, could not carry on the farm, 
and he was requested to return home. Being eighty miles from Bannock 
City, he contemplated purchasing a horse to ride that distance, and lieing j- 

otierod one at a price much lower than horses were selling at, suspecting the 
men, six of them, of being horse thieves, asked tlie question: ''GcTitlemen, ^ 

where are you from f" which seemingly kindled their anger. While on his t 

way to Bannock City he met two of the same gang, who, by circuitous routes, ■ ! 

had headed him off, and evidently designing to take his life, fearing expo- ' i 
sure, but being on his guard and well armed, he succeeded in reaching Ban- j 

nock City the next day, and whilu taking dinner with Dr. Robinson four of j 

the gang were hung at Virginia City fur stealing the same horses offered to 
him the day before. He, with Dr. Ilobinson, undauntedly, set out for Mis- 
souri, and on their way they were lost in tiie mountains one day. Finding 
their way to Fort Collins they there joined a company of ninety-six men for 
self-protection against the Indians. On th.e Platte Kiver they were attacked 
by the Indians. Xo one v.-as killed but they lost eleven horses. They 
arrived safely in Pike county iu October, 1865. He then assumed the con- 
trol of the homestead farm and the care of his aged parents. His father is 
still livii^g at the advanced age of ninety-three. His mother died October 
8, 1S73, at the age of seventy-four. Se[itember 8, 1870, he was united in 
marriage with Fannie W., daughter of J udge Hubert Field of Saline county, j 

Missouri, the liev. William B. Bell officiating. They had born to them j 


I lU 



two children: Fannie M., April 13, 1875, and Edward L., September 14, 
1877. who died :\rarch 1, ISSl. 

Williimi Alexniifler 3lcQuie is the second son of "William L. and Mar- 
tha (Morrison) ilcQuie, and was born near Hickman, Jessamine countv, 
Kentucky, November 13, 1827. lie came with his parents to Missouri when 
he was nine months old, they settling in Pike county, in the vicinitv of 
Louisiana where he was raised. He v,-as educated by attending the com- 
mon subscription schools in his l:>oyhood and the Wood's Academy at l^ou- 
isian. After becoming of age, in 1849, he went overland to California, his 
associates and camp-mates being John Burnett, now Governor of Oregon, 
E. "B. Kule, deceased, late of Louisiana city, and Charles L>uke, a revenue 
collector of Calitbrnia. They let't Louisiana city, .April 9, with a train of 
nine wagons, and wei'e en route some six months wlicn they reached Sacra- 
racTito, where they equipped themselves for mining. After mining on the 
American and Yuba rivers some eighteen months, he, v\-ith T. Ford and J. 
Burnett, engaged iii butchering and dealing in mining supplies, which busi- 
ness he followed until the fall of 1851, when he returned to Pike county. 
He then purchased the farm on which he nov.- lives, and has enuafed in 
farming ever since. ]\[arch 29, 1855, he married Fanny Lingcnfelter, of 
Fayette county, Kentucky, who died near Louisiana, August 24, 1871. 
October 15, 1878, he married for his second wife Mrs. Ilebecca lit'.der, rel- 
ict of Capt. Alhambra lluder, an old and highly esteemed jlissonri River 
steamboat pilot and captain, and daughter of Frederick J. Wiseman, Esq., 
deceased, an uhl resident of Louisiana city. In 1871, he with others, estab- 
lished the Bank of Pike County, he being a stockholder and one of the 
directors, which unfortunately was oliliged to suspend in 1875 on account of 
the misappropriation of money in }>i'ivate speculation by the cashier, by 
which transaction he with otliers lost lieavil}'. He enjoys one of tlie most 
pleasant homes in Pike county. Its surroundings show thrift and taste, 
and its interior, though unostentatious, indicates culture and refinement, and 
the presence of a skillful housewife. Himself and wife are tnembers of 
the M. E. Church South, of Louisiana city, of which he has held the otiice 
of trustee and :>tev,-f:rd f<jr a nuuiber of years. 

Thomas Jcftersoii Xalley, a farmer of Bullalo township, is a son of 
the late James S. and Matilda (Pector) Nalley. They came to ;Mi6Souri in 
1825, and settled for a short time at Bowling Green, Pike county, when 
they located on a farm five miles west of Louisiania, where the subject of 
this sketch was born January 27, 185'), and was there raised. His 
father dying February 25, 1875, he continued to live with his mother until 


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becuiuini,^ of age, when he inlierited the homestead, lie was educated in tlio 
public schools of his neighborhood. Octol)er 11, 1S7G, lie Tiiarried Clarissa 
].)., dau'i'hter of William Brysoii, of Pike county. They have two children, 
James William and Thomas Jeffersun, Jr. lie is a member of the Xalley 
Cliapel. M. E. Church South, of which lie is recoi'ding steward. 

Geoi'^'C Kt*<\scck(*i Pllzcr, afarmerof Jluilalo township, was born near 
Falling Waters, Berkeley county, Yirginia, September 12. 1S14-, where he 
was raised a farmer and lived until October, 1836, when lie came to ^lis- i 

eourij arriving at Louisville, Lincoln county, Xovember 24- of that year. ] 

He remained there until March, ISoU, when he came to Pike county and i 

farmed as a renter until 1S4S, when he purchased a tract of wild land three j 

miles southeast of Louisiana, that is now his homestead, where he has pur- j 

sued farming and horticultui-e ever since. April 6, ISlo, he married Eliz- ] 

.•-.beth Jane Venerable, of Pike county, and who died October 30,1845, leav- I 

ing a daughtci', Elizabeth Jane, wife 'of Christopher Putts, of Audrain i 

county, lie married for his second wife, Hester Jane Estes, of Pike county, \ 

December 3, IS-ly, by whom he has five sons and one daugliter. 

ivObert Barber Price, a t>.rn-ier of Buffalo township, is the third of four 
sons of John and Anna (Barbej") Price, who were natives of Xorth Carolina 
aiid came to Missouri in ISIO and located in Pike county, on land three and 
a half miles southwest of Louisiana city, wliere he was born, January 19, 
1S21, and raised. He lived on the homestead with his parents until Octo- 
ber b, 1816, when he married Phebe, daughter of Xicholas and Pegc'-y (Cox) 
Gremmett, pioneers of Pike county, who came from Virginia in 1832. He 
then farmed a part of the homestead as a renter after the death of his par- 
ents, his fatlier dying in 1861 and his mother in 1873. He purchased the 
inttrest the other heirs had in tlie homestead, where he still lives and ]varsues 
farming. Having spent his whole life on the farm on which he was born 
it is not varied or eventful. They have four children: .fohn X. and Wm. 
H., farmers of Pike county, and E'lna and Edward, at home. 

Edward 1>. Rule. 3L T>., of Buftalo township, was born on a farm in 
Spencer township, Pike county, August 2, 1848. He lived with his parents 
in Pike, Audrain, and Palis counties until ISC)S, he being mostly educated 
in Ralls county. In that year he begaii ihe study of mtxlicine in the office 
of Drs. Puckner ^V: Ayres, at Louisiana, and was under their preceptorship 
until he graduated as M. D. from the St. Louis Mt-dical College in 1S71, 
after taking two courses of lectures. He then located on Grassy Creek, in 
the vicinity oi' the Ecadiug nost-office, and where he has been in constant 
practice ever since, ifiucc 1873 he has also been engaged in breeding SiiorL- 


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Horn cattle. ]\[arch 7, 1872, lie was married to Miss Narcissus T., daiiolif<.r 
of John IJoiulinir. of I'niiUlo township. JTiiaself and wife are members of 
the IS'ujlcy Clia])el, M. 1']. Cliurch Suiith, of Giar^sy Creek. 

John Eastin Sliaiilion, ;"i farmer of JJuffahj town^hij), was born on a 
farn^ nc;\r liOxini.'ton. ili^^onri, September 10, 1S21. AYlien lie was one 
year old he came with his pareiiis, William and Margaret (^Eastin) Shannon, 
to Pike county, they settling- on Peno Creek, twelve miles west of Louisi- 
ana, where he was raised and lived until manhood. Wlien he was twenty- 
three years of age his father gave him 2-10 acres of unJm])roved land, of 
which he made a farm, where he lived six years, up to 1851, wlien he ex- 
changed it for the farm on which he now lives, on Noix Creek, four miles 
west of Louisiana, then containing 420 acres, to which he has added by sub- 
sequei;t purcliases .oOO acres, making in all OSO acres. ]Mr. Shannon beino- 
raised from the time he was one year old ii] Pike county, and not seeking 
any political honoi'S, but devoting his life to the pursuits of husbandry, the 
history of his life is uneventful. With the exception of his 'usual huntino- 
excui-sions,of wiiicli from boyhood he has been fond, and a trip to California 
of several months, he has never absented himself from his farm. On foing' 
to California, in 1SG4, he was accompanied bv Marion and Pichard TAo-o's 
and AVilliam ITolliday. Their train consisted of eighteen v;agons and 200 
head of horses and mules, which they were taking there to sell, requiring 
forty men for teamsters and assistants. They arrived in Sacramento in 
June, and after disposing of their stock, returned in October, via Panama. 
Although past sixty years of age, he takes liis yearly autumn hunts in the 
wilds of sotuhern and western Missouri, and the Indian territory, and Ar- 
kansas. He loves to recount his adventures, and jokingly claims to be the 
only man in Pike county who has killed a bear. He is a careful, prudent 
man, and his liome and its surroundings indicate taste and thrift. October 
24, 1S44, he married Margaret P., daughter of William Piggs, and a grand- 
daughter of Pcv. Pavis Piggs, a pioneer Paptist preacher of Pike county. 
They have seven children: Emma, wife of Dr. William Salmons, of Louis- 
ville, Missouri; William O., of Audrain county; McCune, of Montgomery 
county; Pichard M., of Audrain county; Minnie, wife of 3*1. P. Halliday, 
of Pike county; John P., a student of the ]\Lissouri State University; and 
Peggie, at home. Himself, wife, and four of his children are members of 
the ISoix Creek Paptist Church, of which he has been clerk since 1S45. 

John Johnson Smith, a pione+.'r mill-wright and carpenter of Pike coun- 
ty, was bor'i near Owensburgh, Kentucky, October 2S, IS 12. He came 
with his parents to Z^P.-souri in 1817, they settling in tlie following year on 

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Gmssv Creek, thou St. Charles county. His father dying when he was 
tourteen years of age, he continued to make his home with his mother on 
tlic lioine farm, but learned, milhvrlghting with his uncle, John Johnson, 
which trade lie followed until lSo7, when he began t.) work at the carpen- 
ter's trade, and has follo\ve<l it ever since. October ]<J, 1S37, he married 
Martha W. Yeater, of Pike county, who died on Grassy Creek, in r>uf. 
ialo towiibhip, December 19, 187S. By her he had seven children: AVilliam 
B.; Mary E., wife of "William L. Caverly; Medora Ann, wife of Lafiyotte 
Beading; Martha J., wife of Horace McLeod ; Bena, wife of AVilliam Bove; 
Zachary T., and Josepli IB, all residing in Bike county, lie is a member 
of the Grassv Creek Baptist Church. lie is a member of Perseverance 
Lodge Xo. 9J, A. B. iN: A. M., of Bouisian?. city. 

Josopll HoDTV Suiitll, ii farmer of B\iiialo townshij). was born on the 
farm on which he now lives, iive miles west of Bouisiana, October 13, 1853. 
He is the son of John J. and Martha "\Y. [ Veater) Smith, and was raised at his 
birthplace and lived with his parents until manhood. After becoming of 
aire lie remained on the homestead, which, he farmed on the shares for his 
father, and in March, I'^Sl, he purchased a one-half interest of his father. 
Being born and raised on the same place his life is not an eventful one. 
Being raised a farmer he follows that avocation exclusively. Janua?w 6, 
1SS<J, he married Ella Collins, of Bouisiana city. They have one child, 
Arthur Bay. He is a member of Grassy Creek Baptist Church, and his 
wife of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Bouisiana. 

Saimiel Allyil Stlllnum v.-as born in Enfield, Hartford county, Con- 
necticut, May 21. 1S21. He was raised at his birthplace and in the city of 
Hartford, Connecticut. He finislied his education at tlie latter place when 
he was seventeen. He then entered the hat store of his cousin, Peter D. 
Stillman, as a clerk, and was with him until becoming of age in 1842, when 
he returned to Enfield and engaged in farming on his father's homestead 
until his death in 1S4'J, when he took charge -^jI' the homestead as one of 
tlie heirs, where he lived atid imrsued farming until ISHl: when, the home- 
stead being sold, he went to Iowa and purchased a farm near Garnavillo, 
and followed farming there until selling his farm in IStj*-), wher^ he came to 
Bouisiana city, and became the first ])roprietor of the Globe ILjtel, which 
he kept until ISSO, when he retired from the hotel and engaged in horticul- 
ture and agriculture in the vicinity of Bouisiana. He prides himself in 
bee culture, and has the most extensive apiarv in the county. He yearly 
supplies the market with' about 2,000 pounds of honey, there being a great 

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demand for liis brand, lie is also a successful fruit-grower, and ownc an 
excellent young orchard. May 21, 184^5, Jie married Miss Jane Eliza Burt 
of Massachusetts, by whom he has eight children: ^Mabel E., wife of C. 
S. Gleason, of Lincoln, Kebraska; Emma J., wife of J. M. Guile, of Lou- 
isiana city; William Burt, of Texas; Kibbie. at home; Cora F. F., wife of 
T\' . E. Tower, of Boodhouse, Illinois; Allyn J. and Gena, at home; Liska, 
attending the Nebraska State University at Lincoln, Nebraska. lie also 
has an adopted daughter, Lottie, wife of W. jl. Guillam, of Vandalia, Mis- 
souri, who is dearly beloved by the family, and is considered one of them. 

Clayboi'iJC Martin Thiu'fuan, a pioneer of Pike county, is a native of 
Kentucky, and was born near Stanford August 4, 1807. "^""hen he was tvvelve 
years of age, his father being dead, he came to Missouri witli his mother 
aud grandparents, who settled in Lincoln county, at Woods's Fort, now Troy, | 

where, in 1S20, his mother married James Burncs, with whom he came to | 

Pike county in 1821, and lived with him in Buffalo township until 182G, 
when he with four of his neighbors went to Galena, Illinois, on foot, to find 
employment in the lead mines. He worked in the lead mines on Fever 
lliver four mouths, when he enlisted in tl;e U. S. armv under General Dodi-'e 
as a soldier in the "Winnebago Indian War, and served live months, when 
peace was declared. He then returned to Galena where he continued to 
mine until 1S2S, when he returned to Pike county. He soon after entered 
a quarter of a section of land six miles south of Louisiana. He afterwards , 
entered several parcels of land amounting in all to 3,000 acres. He then 
engaged extensively in farming, at one time having 300 acres of wheat. He 
also became quite a slaveholder, owning twenty-one at the breaking out of 
the late war, all of which were emancipated. In 1S66 he abandoned farming 
and purchased the steam ferry-boat at Louisiana city, which he owned and 
run up to ISTG, when he sold it aud then built a steam freight boat which he 
run one season, when it was suid; by the ice the following winter, after 
which he resided at Louisiana and was engaged in settlinor np his business 
and making an effort to save his property, he having become deeply involved 
by domestic trouble and losing heavily on account of the war. ' In 1S80 he 
]eft Louisiana city to reside with his son Joseydi near that place, where he 
still lives. March 14, 1S33, he married liebecca Mackey. daughter of Capt. 
John Mackey of Calumet townsip, Pike county, who died Marcli 1, l^b2, 
by whom he has two children living: Jose[)h M. and George W. In 18(32 
he married Mrs. Susan Ann Grirhth, they living together two years wlien 
they separated. 

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Joseph 31. r.iul Ge.'Oi'AT W. Thuriiian, sons of C. M. Tluirman, were 
born in Jlufralo township, I'ike county, October S, ISiT, and .lulj' S, 
185i.', respectively. They lived with their fiitlier until manhood. They are 
botli I'anners of l^uttalo townshij). December 12, IST-S, Joseph M. married 
Mrs. Ellen Thurman, and lives on the hoine?tead. In June, ISSO, George 
■\V. married Miss Kate Johnson of Illinois. Thej' have one child, Susie 

Jollll Tuviier, a farmer of UuIihio townshij-. was born in St. Louis county, 
Missouri, September 11, iSl-i. His fither. Jolm 'J'urnor, came from South 
Carolina in 1811 to Pike county, Misr-ouri, and located on land that is now 
the Louisiana fair ground, but on account of the hostility of the Indians in 
lbl3 he, with his fellow ])ioneers, built a f )rt near a spriiiL^;, on land that is 
now the Tsi^rii;- farm. The fort is known as Bull'alo Fort. lie remained in 
the fort until the spring of ISl-l, when he removed to St. Louis countj^, 
where our subject was born as before stated. He caine with his parents to 
Pike county in ISIS, thev settlinof seven miles soutli of Louisiai\a, where he ! 
was raised and lived with them until 1S?.9. wlien he began to do for himself .| 
as a farmer, on a tract uf land given him by his father, containing eighty -] 
acres, to vrhich he has since added 200 acres more. He pursued farming .j 
until 1S5I, when he CTigaged in coopering, and the farm was carried on by 'i 
his sons. March 21, 1S39, he married Martha Shy of Pike county, by whom "j 
he lias live children: Minerva Jane, wife of Jose])h M. Anderson of Ycrnon 
county, Missouri; Samuel W.; Mary Louisa, wife of John McLeod; James 
A.; aiid Mariha P., wife of Samuel Scott, all of Pike county, Missouri. 
Himself and wli'e are membci's of the Buffalo Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church of which he has been a ruling elder for thirty-six years. 


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CHAlTEli XV ill. 


I)\tfoducHo)i — I'lfpc'jraiihii — Sjjritt;/ llnUoir I Ann- M'orlf:—OJd Settlers — /iVr. John Mutthetcst' 
School — F.arh' Modes of Lirhtij — Mount Pis</fih ISn/i'ist Church — Schools. HowLiNf; 
Gkei'N — The Court- House — JjUtiief'f! Interest .^^ -Cirlc Societies — Ch urdies — Bou-Unj 
Green College — Biogruphhs. 

This is the uiicldle or central town<hij> of the eoimty, and within its lim- 
its and near the center ol' tlie same is situated the tow.-.i of Bowling Green, 
the capital of Pike. Cuivre is irregular in form, and is bordered by six of 
the other townships of the county. It embraces one hundred and one sec- 
tions and has an aggregation of over 64,000 acres of land. 


The mean elevation of tlie townshiji is not far from SOO feet above the 
tidu, which gives both tone and rarity to the atmosphere; wiiile the absence 
of swamps and iagoons contributes much to the liealth of the peo})Ie. The 
western, southei-n, and central ])ortions of tlie township are made up uf 
broad stretches of prairie whose undulating surface contributes alike to the 
drainage of tlie lands and the beauty of the scenery. In the northern and 
eastern ])ortions of Cuivre are to be found some timber, covering" the hills 
that proj<^ct then)£elve5 above the surrounding country and lining the mar- 
gins of the streams, whose clear waters hasten to mingle with those of the 
Hississippi. The soils of this township, while not to be compared to tlie 
rich lands of Calumet, are bv no means either poor or unproductive, but on 
the contrary yield a rich return for tlie labor bestowed. Indeed the prairie 
lands, once regarded a*^ almost worthless, arc gradually and constantly de- 
veloping elements of productiveness which sur]M-ise even the oldest and best 
farmers of every portion of the county. 

AViihin tlie last few years public opinion respecting the relative in- 
trinsic values of the wooded and prairie j)ortions of t!ie township has under- 
gone a very radical change, and at this time ttic pi'eference is largely given 
to the prairie, especially when these lands can be bought at less than half 
the cost of the good timbered lands of the county. This township, which 
is already t'airly settled and developed, is ci>nstantly receiving new acces- 
sions i>f farmers from the be.->t class of inimigrants. coming from Illin*-!?, 
Kentucky, Ohio, and otlier states, attracted here by the cheapness and fer- 
tility of the land and the beauty of the peaceful and ]iastoral landscape. 
The manner of cultivation is every year improving and the generous soil 
liberally responds to the farmer's care. With surface drainage, subsoiling, 

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and the use of an alkali, the time is not far distant when tlie ])rairie Linds of 
(viiixre \vill be sought after as the ne j^^'^s ultra in thie portion of the com- 
nionweallli of ^Lissuurl. 

As a graziui^' district this township is unsurpassed. The native grasses 
arc highly nutritious and as a fat-pruducing element arc unexcelled, while 
the beautiful blr.e-grass. which appears indigenous to the soil, is sure to 
succeed the eating out or disappearance of the former. Timothy also grows 
luxuriantly, and while sa])plying tlie hay necessary to winter use likewise 
furnishes tlie late or early pasturage. .- 

The stone snpjdy of the township is both varied and abnndfint. Near 
Bowling Green ai-e sevei-al <juarries of building stone whose beauty and dur- 
abilitv are unsurpassed, and nothincf but an unfortunate location witli re- 
spect to facilities for traiisportatiou lias prevented the investment of large | 

capital with the view of supplying the cities of the country witli a building .| 

stone which, wliile aduiitting of the higbe.-t polish, has never been known -j 

to be even partially affecled by the action of the weather. Limestone also \ 

abounds in unlimited quantities and as pure as can be found anywliere in | 

Missouri or the west. i 

As touching the water supply of Cauvre but little can be said. The ] 

streams known as Feno, Sulphur, J\oix, with branches of the Cuivre, drain i 

the township and furnish for the most part the requisite stock water, while | 

the springs and cisterns meet the demands of the people for drinking, culi- ' I 
nary, and other family purposes. The watershed wdiicli divides the waters •! 

of the above named streams is made up of a good part of the town of Dow- " j 
ling Green, whose highest point is on Centennial avenue, near the C. & A. j 

depot, and where the laud, sloping in four directions, apportions among as i 

many streams the wiitere which, by ditierent courses, are to reach the same j 

great river and together flow onward to the sea. • . ■. •- | 


The abo-e kiln or works is situated about one-fourth of a mile east of the j 

town.of ]Jowlin<r Green in a gulch or ravine long known as "Spring llol- ! 

low." The land upon which the (juarry is situated was purchased in 1ST- | 

by P. P. Parker for a very small consideration, and was at the time con = id- j 

ercd almost worthless, but after a test of the stone had been made in . 

IbTS, and the ([Uality of lime which it produces being recognized by the 1 

local masons as first-class, an old fashioned pot-kiln was built in 1S79, and j 

the lirae burned gave such general satk-faction that a patent kiln was con- •; 

structed in ISSl at a cost of near two thousand dollars, the product of which : 

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found its market in Kansa)^ and nortliwcst ^Missouri. The capacity of tliis 
kiln docs not exceed two liundrcd bu.-liels ]ier day, and during tlie first sea- 
son pales at low fio-nres were found for nio;;t of the linre inanui'acturcd. In 
February, 1^81', M. S. Goodman bought a lialf interest in the above named 
property and remained associated with Ca]>t. Parker until the September 
lollowino;, v;hen on account of tlic dulness of the lime market, the small de- 
mand, and the conviction tliat the business could not be made to pay two 
men, he sold his intej-est to Parker at a small advance over the original cost. 
Some lime from this kiln has been sold in the St. Pouis market, but, on 
account of the sharp competition and the more favorable location of other 
kibis, at prices that did not justify its maimiacturc. The lime is every- 
where acknowledged to be first class, and those who have used it once arc 
certain to try it again, and nothing but the unlbrtunate location of the 
quarry, at a great and abrupt remove from the railroad, can prevent tlie 
general introductiori aiid uso of this very superior and necessary article. 
The late state geologist, Hon. G. C. Swallow, says " it will make a a cry fine 
quick lime which will slake very quickly and completely." 'You can rest 
r.ssured no limestone in ^^he country will make a better mortar than the sub- 
crystalline limestone you sent me." The quarrying of ruck, burning of 
lime, and manufacture of barrels gives em]'lovment to about fifteen men, 
and Capt. Parker is now preparing to enlarge the works, and will, possibly, 
during the ensuing season, add such improvements as will Very loaterially 
enlarge his capacity for supplying the demands of all who desire a quick, 
strong, pure, and cool-wojking mortar, and whose whiteness and hardness 
alike recommend it as plaster and mortar of superior beauty and durabilit}'. 

■'] : ■ OLD SETFLEKS OF CUIVKE. : , ., 

In the general history of the county mention is made that the Basyes 
came in ISIS. From J. C. Pasye we learn that his father, J. W. Basye, 
came to Missouri in 1791 and settled in St. Louis county, coming to Pike 
as stated in 1818, and settling in what was then a veritable wilderness. Tlie 
map of original entries shows that he took up as his claim, in December 
23, 1818, the very ground on which the county seat is now located. As the 
county was not organized until December 14-, 181S, he was here and had 
located his claim when the county was just nine days old. Neighbors were 
then few and far between, but fortunately through the a=sistance of such 
elderly gentlemen as the Pev. J. W. Campbell, Cyrus Watson, J. C. and 
"W. M. Basye, we can give our readers some clue as to who these neighbors 
were from 1815 to 1S20. Three miles west of J. ^V. Basye was Giles Til- 

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lott, and ouc mile southeast of G. Tiliott was "WiiHain Caini)bcll. Joseph 
Hell lived three miles south of Bowling Green, and two miles further ?oulh 
wa.'i William McPile, who came in 1817. Bell had both a farm and store. 
'J'wo miie;^ south of Bell M-a& alf^o Elijah Hendricks. Six milef^ west of 
jjowh'ui,' Green were TJobcrt Irvine and Samuel A. Tombs, adjoining farms. 
A little west of these again were .David Tombs and Daniel Ilaynes, join- 
ing farms. From that point for sixteen miles west there was no house. 
Joseph llollidav and John Tullv were not far oft', north.west of Bowling 
Green. Eight miles northwest of Bowling Green were Gilbert Thompson 
and Davis and William Biggs. This Davis Biggs was the father of Wil- 
liam Biggs, and the grandfather of AVilliam K. Biggs, near Curryville. 
About one mile further was John McOune, father of Joe McCune of 
McCune's Station, Further to the east were John and Thomas Hedges. 
These were the principal families up to the Louisiana road on Xoix Creek. 
Here tliree miles from Bowling Green was settled "Willis Mitchell, and 
joining him John Watson, father of C, B. Watson, still living on the same 
ground, north of his residence, and John Lindsay. 


While Mr. Patton lays claim to the honor of having tanglit the first 
school within the limits of the county, in 1S12, and that, too, in a place of 
no less renown than Butlalo Fort, all concede that the second school was 
taught by Bev. Jolni Matthews.- I. iS^. Bryson was liis pu.pil in 181S. A 
year or two later, however, J. C. Basye enjoyed the instructions of this emi- 
nent divine and rigid pedagogue. This latter pupil still lives to tell of this 
primitive school and its old-tin)e teacher. 

The house was about twenty by thirty feet, p.nd was l>uilt of hewed logs. 
H was covered with clapboards held in their places by weight poles. The 
walls of the house were cliinked and daubed with mud. It was heated with 
an old tin-plate stove, which stood on a floor of puncheons. The seats were 
hewed logs with wooden legs. The writing de>>ks consisted of large linn 
logs s})lit, hewn level, and pinned to the v.-all on one side, and supported by 
long wooden pegs on the other. For windows one log was t.'iken out almost 
its entire length on each side of the bouse. Instead of glass, foolscap pajier 
was oiled and inserted in^i-eniousiv all alon^. The door was about six feet 
wide, made of clapboards, fastened to cross-pieces with wooden pins. This 
building once stood near the }>resent site of the old cemetery at Louisiana. 

Beading, writing, and spelling were the principal branches in the curric- 
nlnm of this first "people's college.'' Xoah Webster's speiling-bcok then, 

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as many years afterwards, was the standard in orthography. Tliis book, 
too, pioneered tlie way lor our ]aro;e unabrid^^cd quarto dictionary of to-day. 
Pike's arithmetic was tlie authority in mathctnatics. 

It seems that this reverend gentleman, wit]\ all his Christian graces, was 
somewhat stern and even severe, if not cruel, to pupils who failed to recite 
well or behave properly. His faults, however, if he had any, were like the 
crimes of the Puritans, the blemishes of the age in which he lived. Life 
here, as well as in New England, is nut now what it was then, and school 
discipline, likewise, has changed for tlic better. He evidently did much 
good in his day, not only v,-hen he preached the gospel of love and peace, • 
but when he united many hearts by Hymen's silken ties, of v\-hich lie had 
well nigh a monopoly; for, in those early days, preachers were scarce, and 
it sometimes fell to the lot of those who were neither divines nor justices to 
celebrate these sacred ceremonies. There are doubtless many living now 
vrho owe, porhp.j'S, their legitimate being to his kindly offices, and are ready 
■ to rise and call him blessed. - .' • ■ '' : • ■ 


■ "Whatever uncertainty there may be about dates and genealogies, thcrevis 
no question as to the manner in which these old pioneers lived. All of tlie 
survivors of the period of which we are writing agree in testifying to the 
mortar and pestle in which their corn was prepared for meal or hominy. 
The mortar was made out of a large block or the stump of a tree. The cav- 
ity was made by first boring a few holes of ditierent depths, and then com- 
pleting it by burning away wliat was necessary to give it the cup-like form. 
Sometimes, for a pestle, an iron wedge was driven into a piece of wood, 
secured from spli!:ting by an iron ring. One pioneer is said to have had a 
hole burned into the top of a stump for a mortar, the heavy pestle being at- 
tached to a sweep, by means of which much manual labor was avoided. 
In this way was their corn pre])ared as a matter of necessity, for there 
was no mill at first nearer than St. Charles. At first hand-mills were very 
common. There was then, as in the still more "olden time," the '• upper 
aiid the nether millstone.'' The upper one had a wooden peg in it, which 
served as a haiidle for women and others who knew how to turn it about. 
This mill was superseded by the horse-mill. Of this there were at least 
two kinds. Jn the one case the horse moved in a circle, turning a vertical 
shaft, which had a wheel overhead -which moved the burs. In the other 
kind the horse was kept walking on an incline plane which kept moving 
from iinder htm. Thus motiou was com.raunicated to the driving wheel. 

I '•'- .Ki. '^H«7 vrr 

:i -I- 


The ineal was bolted by means of a box about two by six feet, M'ith a cloth 
b.ittKin. Tliis was shoved by hand to and fro, with sufficient celerity to 
answer the purposes of a t-,i(n-e, at least. 

A novel tuibstitute for bread consisted in slicing;- tolerably thin the hams 
cf deer, placing these slices on thin pieces of wood, su[)j)orted by forked 
timbers set in the ground for posts. A gentle fire beneath was sufficient to 
drv the verdson, which would then make a savory substitute for br^ad, and 
was fainiliarly known as "jerked veiiison." 


Mount Pisi^ali was the first organized Baptist Church in Cuivre town--l)ip. 
It was instituted December 5, 1S33, at the house of Harmon Ilavrkins, sonie 
four and a half miles northwest of the town of Bowling Green, and within 
three hundred yards of where the church-house now stands. 

Tiie church Nvas a colony, principally from the old Beno Church, about 
four miles north, which was organized in territorial times, or in the year 
1S19. In the organization of ^Lount BIsgah Church there weie nineteen 
members, all of whom save three — Colonel William G. Hawkins, Mrs. 
She]'herd,of Bowling Green, and BenjamJn B. Moore, of Audrain county-- 
have " passed over the river" and into the "great beyond.'' To preserve 
the names of the noble men and women who CDUstltnted the early mem- 
bership of this old church, we give them below in full: Harmon Hawkins, 
Kdward Bondnrant, Benjamin B. Moore, Benjamin F. l[awkins, Thomas 
T. Johnson (afterwards their pastoi-), Diggs Luck, William G. Hawkins, 
George Hardin and sisters, Jincy Hawkins and jS^ancy C. Moore, Lavina 
Bentle3', Elizabeth Tinker (nou- Shepherd), Jemima Tiiomas, Lucy Luck, 
Mary Luck, ^largarct M. Johnson. Rachael Moore, and Jane and Milly, 
two colored women. Elder ] )avis Biggs, William Fuqua, and Walter ^Fc- 
^^nie were present by invitation, and assisted in the organization. At^er 
the usual exercises and inquiries by the above-named ministers, and satis- 
lactory answers by the brethren, they proceeded to organize upon the arti- 
cles of faith, church covenant, and rr.les of decorum then and there set 
forth. After the organization the church was named, and Harmon Hawk- 
n.s and Thomas T. Johnson were elected deacons, and William G. Hawkins 
''chosen as church clerk. On the first sabl>ath in February, IS34-, the church 
caiicd Thomas T. Johnson to become their pastor, after he should have been 
'"tt apart by ordination, and agreed to call a presbytery to meet at the 
-liurch on the first Wednesday in April to attend to that service. After 
meeting on the day Jiun'ed Mr. Johnson urged a postponement, which was 

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agreed to. At the following Jiuie meeting, however, a presbytery, consist- 
ing of Elder Davis Biggs and "Walter McQiiie, met with the church and 
proceeded in the nsual form to set r.pvirt Thomas T. Johnson to the Gospel 
ministry by ]irayer and the laying on of hands, wIk) vras then recognized as 
the duly installed pastor of the chundi. In June, 1835, Edward Bondnrant 
was chosen deacon, to supply the place made vacant by the promotion of 
Mr. Johnson to tlie ministry. I'or twelve years Elder Johnson continued 
to serve this congregation faithfully and acceptably. At the Ecbruary 
meeting, in ISf-E Elder Walter McQuie was chosen to succeed Mr. John- \ 
son, the latter declining to serve longer, and for five years lie served as the 
overseer of the church. In Eeliruary, 1851, Elder dames E. Smith became 
the ])ast<.>r of tlie church, and in the same year, having removed his family 
into the neighborhood, he and liis family became members here. Elder 
Smith resigned his pastorate in 1855, and was succeeded by Elder William 
W. M-itelicll, wht) resigned his cliarge, ^fter having ofriciated as pastor for 
the peiiod of one year and eight'months. Elder Johi\ T. Williams was now 
called by the church, and after serving the church for one year, was suc- 
ceeded by Elder A. P. Bogers, v^dio had but a short time before been or- 
dained a minister. At the May meeting, in 1SG2, Elder Rogers resigned, 
after a term of three years' service, and at the June meeting following Elder 
Rogers was recalled and accepted. 

Eaily in 1864 the church, owing to a military order of General Rose- 
crans, decided to suspend business meetings, which suspension continued 
nntil December of tlic same ycai'. In the meantime Elder Rogers had 
again resigned, liaving served the last time about two years, or in nil about 
five years. In Xovember, lSG-4, the church employed Elder M. M. Modis- 
sett. who remained in cliarge nnfil 1872, a period of eight years, Erom \ 
October, 1S72, until Xovember, 1876, Elder Albert G. Mitchell was the 
prf-aclier in charge. In December, 1876, 'the church, by a unanimous vote, 
called Elder V.'iley J. Patrick, who accepted, and who continues to serve 
the church at the present time. 

At the Eebruary meeting in 1844, Deacons Hawkins and Johnson having 
taken letters and left the church, Henry Sisson" and Robert Gooch were 
chosen in their stead. In July, 1S51, the church took steps looking to the 
erection of a better house of worship, tlie old one, a structure of hewn logs, i 
having served it.^ day. A building committee of three members was ap- 
pointed, namely, A. P. Miller, Henry Si6son,and James M. Erier, who were 
instructed to build a substantial frame house, forty by sixty teet, and to push 
it to as. earl} completion as possible. In May, 1852, the church held its 

..'J .r .;[| 

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first meeting in the new house, allhoiiirh in an unfinished condition; but in 
llie August following the committee reported the liouse completed. The 
fObt t){" the house in csisli was §1,036. A considerable amount of the ma- 
tcriiL->, such as shingles, laths, and building stone for the foundation, were 
furnithed, while much of the work, esj>ccially the hauling and putting in 
of the foundation, was not taken into the account of cost, but was done by 
the friends and members of the church outside of their cash subscriptions, 
in February, 1S52, Colonel W. G. Hawkins tendered his resignation as 
church clerk, and Judge A. P. Miller was elected to succeed him, and con- 
tinued to discharge that duty in the most satisfactory manner until 1S77, 
when he also resigned, and was succeeded by his son-in-law, AV. B, McPike. 
hi 1S71 Benjamin JI. Mc.Piko and M. 11. K. Biggs were elected deacons 
I') Hi! the vacancies occasioned by the death of Deacons Rowland Gooch 
and Ileni'y Sisson. 

In September, 1851, the church dismissed twenty-five members by letter 
to form a new church on North Culvre, afterwards called Concord, but in a 
few years the church y.lanted here dissolved its organization. In June, 1S54:, 
the church again granted lottcrs of dismissal to fifteen or twenty members 
to enter into a new constitution, or church organization, at Bowling Green. 
This church has prospered, and is in a healthy state of spiritual life. In 
Octol'cr, 1S75. letters were granted to ten or tv.-elve member.-; to enter into 
a new organization tor the purpose of establishing a church at Curryville. 
The oliject of their withdrawal has been fully accomplished, and a good 
church has been built up by the efforts of these few members, assisted by 
their brethren of the motlier church. Thus has ]\l(.iunt Pisgah, after fifty 
years of laborious etlbrt, accomplished some effective work in the "'Yine- 
yard of the Lord.'" Commencing with but nineteen meml^ers, she now has 
about one hundred and furty communicants, while no less than four hun- 
dred and sixty-seven persons have held their membership with this grand 
old church. Into her fellowship two hundred and seventy persons have been 
received by baptism, one hundred and sixty-fuur by letter, five by relation, 
two hundred and tv.enty-one dismissed by letter, forty-one excluded, four 
restored, and seventv-eic-lit died out of the church militant to enter the j 

church triumphant. There have been six ur eight revivals of religion in < 

the history of this church that were noticeable events in the religious world, 
and to which many refer as the occasions when they passed from darkness . | 
into the " ii'lorious liirht and ifrivilefje of the Son of God." 1 

•' 1 i J 

•J!. 'I 

• ' ' ■ ■.'■;; ... 

, J 


SCHOOL?'. .; 

Ti^e schools of tliis towtirihip dilTcr in no essential respect from those of 
othicr portions of the cor.nty. In the lon^^ ag-o. ^vllen the settlers were few, 
and the facilities for acquiring an education were alike ])oor and meager, the 
people adojVied such methods as they believed to be adequate to the intellec- 
tual wants of the few chikhen of tlie dilTercnt settlements, or communities, 
and the log-house, with its low ceiling, rude seats, its single window, and . 
enormous fireplace, constituted alike the common school, the academy, and 
tlie college. 

The teachers who presided over these schools were in perfect harmony 
■with their surroundings. They were men of limited acquirements, but 
what they lacked in education they made up in vigorous eotnmou st-nse. If 
thev tau'dit but little, thev tauL-'lit that little well and thorouo-hly; if their 
reading was confined to r. few books, tiieir thinking powers were exercised 
npon innumerable subjects. They were probably not classical, but no one 
"will deny that they were eminently practical. AYith the increase of popu- 
lation, and the general development of the country, the schools gradually 
improved, although for masiy years the system remained uncliaiiged. With 
the accumulation of weaUh came better houses, an enlarged curriculum of 
study, and men of more liberal education. The regular district school 
now succeeded tho^e which the exigencies and necessities of an earlier pe- 
riod forced tk.ejieople to adopt. In these latter institutions, destitute 
of either prptension or ambition, many of the beet and strongest men of 
the county were educated. But progress is the watchword of the nine- 
teenth, century, and the claims of education have been pushed with wondrous 
rapidity from one di'gree of excellence to another. The private school was 
soon made to succeed the otlier systems, and those who were seeking ad- 
mis>ion to the learned ])rofe33ions became its earliest patrons. 

This is a brief outline of the schools of the country ]>rior to 1S70, when 
the public school law as it now exists was adopted by the state. Under its 
wise and liberal provisions, predicated u})on the conviction that the prop- 
erty of the state should educate its children, the people have since acted, 
and such care and attention have been bestowed upon these ''colleges of 
the ]!eople," that at this time the opiiortunities of a thorough Eni^lish edu- 
cation are brought within the reach of all the children of the state. Under 
this system of education Cuivre township is now j)roceeding. and the intel- 
lectual training which the youth have, and are receiving, is conclusive evi- 
dence of the wisdom of t!ie chantje. Within the township are no less than 
ten sciiool-houses where pujnis daily attend from five to eight months of 


cuivuE To^v^'SH^p. 75? 

each year, and vvhci-e the brandies ])rescrlbed by the law are patiently and 
successfully taught by teachers of liberal culture and large experience. The 
eutieation hero acquired very fully meets the business wants of the masses, 
uliilc those desirous of clas'-ieal and scientific instructtion can bo acconiino- 
datcd at other sclicols v.-ithin the litnits of tfie county. 

The school at Bowlinir Green, under the eilicient manai^ement of Prof. 
AV. J. Rowley, assisted by a corps of competent and painstakini^ teachers, i 

is aecomi^lishinir a good work for tlie community in which it is situated, ' 

jiiid is in a manner the academy for the further prosecution of the studies 
of those \\\iu have been in attendance at the public schools of the county. 

Independent of the branches prescribed by the law of the state, there is .; 

here taught higher algebi-a, physical geograpl\y, |)]iilosophy, booh-keepi'ig, ' 

r'lietoric, etc., constituting the higher branches ordiu;irily taught in the acad- ! 

emies, or local colleges, of the state. There are five teacliers eni])loyed in i 

this school, and the grading has been done with such care and circumspec- • 

tion that the promotion from one department to ati'-^ther is both easy and < 

natural. Two hundred and fifteen pupils daily attend here, and as all are | 

assigned as much work as they can successfully accomplish, and as the term * 

runs tlirough a period of eight scholastic months, the j)rogress of the pupils i 

is both rapid and thurough. To avoid }>assing over anything which they 1 

may not rightly understand, both oral and written examinations are had at i 

the close of each quarter, and the advantages of the sj'stem have been j 

plainly manifested. This school begun its career eleven years ago, and ] 

although it has succeeded very well its efficiency has probalily been some- I 

what impaired by the to3 frequent change of principals, for we observe j 

within the limits of its short existence no less than eight gentlemen have \ 

otHciated in that important position. Prof. Lawry, the present chief assist- 
ant, has, however, contrived to serve the people for eight of the eleven 
years mentioned, and still continues to do work of which he need not be 

Besides the schools above enumerated there is a school in Bowlin;; Green 
for the education of the colored youth which has for years been conducted 
with the use of the money derived from taxation, as wisely provided by the 
legislature of the state. The school has been fairly taught, is generally 
^vell attended, and c<.>nsiderable proficiency has been made in the ordinary 
t-nglish branches by niany of the pupils. 


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Bowling Green, tliecapitalof Pike county, it: sitr.fitcd in the center ofC^^ui. 
vre township and .at no great remove from the center ot'tlie county. Its h)c;i- 
tion is ail tliat could be desired so far as elevation and beauty of scenerv are 
coTicerncd. More than fuur hundred feet above tlic surface of the ^lissis. 
sippi, and tv.elve miles diciant from it, with neither .swami^s nor lac^oons iii 
its immediate iieip^hborliood, it is i'ree from mahiria and other disease pro- 
ducing causes incident to the proximity of submerged lowlands and sta<:- 
rant waters. On the west and south are grand stretches of beautiful undu- 
lating prairie; on the nortli tlie timber Vine approaches to within a mile of 
the town; while on the cast the hills, covered with forests, partiallv ^-ird the 
city. Viewed from either side the town, with its magnificent reach of coun- 
try, presents a beautiful, peaceful, and pastoral ]-)icture. Bowlino- Green 
was laid out as early as 1S26 by 0. C. Trabue ana William McPike, coni- 
riiissioners, and embraced but a small area, being in length but 100 poles, 
or 2,04:0 feet, and in width 75 poles, or 1,237^ feet. Since that lime sun- 
dry additions have been made and the territory now embraced within its 
limits is anijily sufticient for the iriowth of a cit}- of twenty thousand souls. 
In 1S71 both Parkers and Moseley's additions were made to the town; in 
1872 A. C. Sheldon's addition was attached; in 1S7C Dr. S. J. Reynolds's 
addition was annexed, and in 1S77 James M. Martin's and D. L. Caldwell's 
were added. Sliould the time ever come when tlicse several additions sliall 
be crowded with factories,' stores, or residences, there will be found waiting 
miles of rolling prairie and acres of beautiful woodland ready to be admit- 
ted as a part of a growing and prosperous municipality. 

The town is well laid olf and comparatively well built, both the business 
houses and residences comparing very favorably with towns of its size, 
either in Missouri or the west. The building of some houses upon the ad- 
ditions above named, which were not all contiguous to each other, has de- 
tracted somewhat from tlte regularity and compactness of the place. Put 
even this aj.'parent defect is being rapidly overcome, as the buildings con- 
structed from year to year are gradually approaching each other and the 
t(«vvn is constantly presenting more and more tlis appearance of oneness 
and solidity. The town is possessed of excellent commercial facilities. 
The ChicH.go d: Alton Jlailroad and the St. Louis, Hannibal tfc Keokuk cross 
each other here, and each has a depot in tiie town for the transaction of its 
business. The "Louisiana & Ashley gravel road also passes through the 
town and furnishes admirable facilities for travel and local business. Within 
the last tive years the town has doubled its population, erected a number of 








substantial business bouses, added mnny excellent rcHidenecs, and largely 
increased its general business. It has a class of active, enterprisinfij, and 
<i(rgrressi\c business men, \\]\o are po-scssod of eneri^y. fnith, and persist- 
ence, who are employin_£r every means and agency within tlieir roach to j 
advance the i^Towth and prosperity of tlieir town. j 

Among the few drawbacks to the ])rcsent and complete frution of the j 

hopes of its citizens may be mentioned the thinly settled country and the } 

want of manufactories. T!ie tide of iminigrntion whicli has recently set { 

this way wilb ere long, overcome the first complaint and make our present 
valuable, but vacant, lands to bluom with beauty and blossom wich fruit, j 

while the unemployed ca])ital of the townsliip and county will, in the nera' 1 

future, provide for manufacturing the abundance of material already pro- i 

duced in the country adjacent to the town. I 

The following is a brief inventory of the business interests of the town: 

Dry goodb stores o JiCstaurant 1 

Grocery stores 7 Tob;icco factory 1 

Drug stores 3 Merchant mill 1 

Saddle and liarness tliops .... 2 Saloon 1 

Boot and shoe store 1 Beer and wine house 1 

Millinery stores 2 Trade and sale stable 1 

Butcher shops 2 Cigar ft^ctory 1 

Blacksmuh shops 2 Hardware stores 2 

Carriage and wagun sliops... 2 Huckstering establishment, . 1 

■ Carpenter shops 3 Lumber yard 1 

Bakeries 2 Ice dealer 1 

Brick yards 2 Paiiy 1 

Banks 2 rhotograi)h irallerv 1 

Livery stables 2 Dress makers 2 

Transfer stable 1 Lawyers 11 

Jewelry store ..'... 1 Doctors 5 

Watch repairing. ... 1 Dentists 2 

Shoe shops 2 Printing offices 2 

Barber shops 3 Churches 3 

Furniture store 1 Colored church 1 

Bed spring fact. 'ry 1 Schools 3 

Hotels 1 Bublic halls 2 

Merchant tailor 1 

48 ■ ■..,.'■ ■ 

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. // 

702 llISTOtt"i OF riKE COUNTY. 


Wiietlicr the court-huusc at this time be regarded as an elegant temple 
or not the i)eople of Pike county deserve credit for having made an honest 
attempt at having a magniiicent structure for the administration of justice. 
The coutv-ict fur this building was let as early as 1SG6 to Conrad Smith, of 
Louisiana. The Ibundutioh was laid by John W. Allen and was constructed 
out of the Uowling Green building rock, pronounced by geologists to be ex- 
cellent stone. That the building has given way some and discloses un- 
gainly cracks is due to the peculiar nature of the ground itself rather than 
to defects in the foundation. The briclc work was comjilcted by William 
English.. Jones A:. Burris, of Hannibal, did the plastering, and Greenwood 
& Flesh, of St. Louis, had the contract for the painting. The excellent 
roof, constructed of Vermont slate, is the workmanship of one Wyte. The 
entire cost of the building was not much belovr 870,000. 

In size, the building is eighty feet north and south and fifty-five feet east 
and west, with a vestibule on the east fourteen by fifty feet, surrounded by 
a cupola which reaches an altitude of ninety-live feet. Tiie main building 
is but two stories high, measuring forty -one feet from the foundation to the 
eaves. The lower story furnishes the accommodations for the county and 
probate courts and a number of rooms for county offices, while the upper 
story has the large circuit court room and smaller rooms for consultation 
and for the juries. 

On the first floor are two capacious halls intersecting each other at right 
angles, providing easy access to any part of the first story, while on the east 
side, located in the vestibule, are double stairs leading to the large circuit 
court room, whose dimensions are fifty-one by sixty-two feet, the ceiling be- 
ing twenty-one feet from the floor. 

This building stands in the center of a grove of locust trees, interspersed 
by young and thrifty maples, furnishing ample shade and yet not sufficiently 
dense to intertere witii the grass beneath making a beautiful green sward. 
The locust trees at this time present a rather stubby appearance, owing to 
the fact that they were recently bereft of their branches by a heavy sleet 
and have not yet had time to regain their symmetry. That they survive at 
all is not perhaps due to the fact that they are tl)e fittest tree? for shade, or 
the m.ost ornamental, and it is to be hoped that, in the future, they wiii not 
be as popular as they have been in the past, but will yield their place to 
better and prettier trees. 

This shaded lawn, on which the temple of justice stands, is enclosed by a 





be.'iiitiful and durable iron fence built upon a eubstantial wall — all of which 
j,,s very creditable to the place. 


"While the town is not i\o\cd for it.^ nianufacturinj^ interests it has several 
establislnnouts of no littl.^ importance to the place, M-hich, if properly pat- 
ronized by the community, are destined to grow materially. Amono; these ' 

is the ^ • 


establishment of Ikirke cV: Bagby, which turns out line carriages, barouches, 
pliaetons, spring-wagons, etc., of excellent finish and first-class material. 
Mr. W. T. Burke commenced in this bnsiness some eleven years since, and 
has the benefit of a wide experience. Tiie firm now employs, on an average, 
seven hands, and its output now amounts to about Sl0,000 worth of new 
work each year, and is on the steady increase. Aside from this, general black- 
smithing and repairing is done. 

It is the purpose of this firm to run a first-class machine shop, to which 
end they have already secured an engine, lathe, and all the machinery neces- 
Bary for a shop of this kind, which is to be opened in full blast carl}- in the 
coming s]iring of 1SS3. It will be in chaige of a macliinist who has made a 
specialty of tliis branch of business, and is eminently qualiiied for his work. 
The proprietors' propose to erect a commodious brick Ituilding for their en- 
larged business. These gentlemen are also general agents for all kinds of 
machine goods, such as outfits for saw-mills, steam-engines, mowers, etc., as 
well as for Thomas's Patent Harrow, the Casady Sulky Plow, and the Oliver 
Chilled Plows. All persons buying machinery of tliese merchants can pro- 
cure all extras at-home, saving theniselves much needless trouble and bur- 
densome commissions. Again, one man is constantly at hand to set up and 
start all machinery for the industrial community. 

In the wood line we find that these gentlemen have also supplied them- 
selves with planers, band-saws, and other machinerj' adapted to sawing out 
and dressing any kind of hai'd hnnber, sizing it to suit the purpose intended, 
running even a wood saw to prepare fuel. 

Such enterprise as this deserves the patronage of the farmers especially, 
whose intere.--,t it is to build up home manufacturing interests, something 
often preached but too little practiced. A similar establishment is 

-'\'.t ■ 1 M ^^■^■^ /-.ihiU 

.-..•<•<• ;a 


764 niSTOKY OF pike county. 


This business wiis begun by tlie present iiroprictor as early ;i3 1SG6, at 
wliieh time be devoted bis attention priueipally to tbe manufacture of wag- 
ons, at tbe same time carrying on a repair shop for tlie convenience and 
benefit of tbe general public. A few years after be bad become firmly es- 
tablished in Bowling Green, ^[v. Piigb coniiiienced to build or manufacture | 
buggies, and bis work giving universal satisfaclion, and, tbere being de- 
mands made upon bim for more work than bis facilities then enabled him 
to supply, be at once prepared to engage in tbe business more extensively, 
and immediately supplied himself witb all the material, tools, and other ar- 
ticles essential to tbe safe and successful conduct of tbe business. From 
tbat time until the present be has every year made more or less buggies and 
wagons, at the same time carryijig on bis repair and blacksmith shops, un- 
til, at ibif- time. Ids eFtablisb.rnent is regarded as one of tbe important busi- 
ness enterprises of tins portion of the county. lie has invested about three 
tbousand dollars capital, employs from tlirec to six men, and last year turned 
out, in addition to wagons and other farm implements, fifteen new buggies 
and three spring wagons. Besides this be rebuilt a number of old buggies, 
and did much similar repairing for tbe citizens of botb tbe town and coun- 
try. Another enterprise of public interest is tbe 


This company was organized in -May, 1881, witb a cash capital of five 
thousand dollars. Its object was to manutacture plug tobacco, and from tbe 
time wben it was first operated it bas been engaged in supplying western 
Missouri and Kansas witb some exelleut brands, and bas, for tbe most part, 
been kept running up to its full capacity, about seventy tbousand pounds 
per annum. Tiie incorjwrators v/ere S. P. Grifiitb, D. L. Caldwell, Geo. W. 
Jacobs, R. Jl. Wright, C. F. Williford, J. L. Hendrick, J. B. Purnell, Ga- 
briel Fbillips, Dr. E. II. Bourn, of Mexico; Elliott & Wyman, of Hannibal, 
and W. T. Jacobs, of Frairicville. ]Mr. IVrry A. Scroggins, who bas bought 
into the factory since its fii-st organization, is botb business manager and 
secretary of tbe company. Mr. 0. F. Williford bas. charge of the factory, | 
and attends to the details of the manutactaring. Tbe factory is well sup- 
plied witb macbiaery, by tbe use of wiiicb most of the goods are made, and 
its trade is graduallj- and cunstantly increasing. 

J") .V.I 


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Perhaps notliiiig indicates tlie financial status and business tlirift of a 
community better than the character of its banking institutions. Of these 
Bowling Green has two that command the confidence of the people in the 
hitrhest degree, representing, as they do, a large amount of capital and of- 
ficered by men of integiity and genuine courtesy, 'i'hc banklngdiouse of 

AV. B. M AI.I.STER i- BR<.)5. 

of Bowling Green, began business January 3, 18S1, with a cash capital of ■* 

five thousarid dollars. It is a private bank, owned by three brothers, "Wil- J 

liam B., Alexander 11., and James 11. McAlister, who were born and reared | 

on a farm near the county seat, and who, previous to their engaging in j 

banking, were employed in the grocery business and in various other pur- , 

suits, being always prominei't in every pul>lic enterprise, and tlius entrench- | 

ing themselves in the good opinion of their neighbors, whose confidence and 1 

esteem tliey pre-eminently enio3\ Tliis bank has been a success from the | 

beginning, having to-day, in addition to its original capital of five thousand | 

dollars, a surplus of five thousand dollars, and deposits to the amount of i 

seventy thousand, which are still increasing. From its inception, AV"m. B. \ 

McAlister has given to the business of the bank his personal and careful 1 

supervision. During the first months of its existence Fenton Murray was | 

assistant cashier, and bears the reputation of being one of the most accurate "l 

accountants in the state. Since his resignation his place has been ably filled j 

by Lucien M. Edwards, who, though young, is an expert in every branch of ■] 

the business, and withal a courteous gentleman. With such a record, not a ] 
cent thus far having been lost, it is safe to predict for this institution a bril- 
liant future. ' ^ ' 

farmers' bank, \ 

This biink, which is the oldest institution of the kind in the western por- 
tion of the county and which has long had the entire confidence of the com- 
munity in which it is located, was organized in the fall of 1874 and char- 
tered in January, 1875. Its capital stock antounted to fifty tiiousand dol- 
lars, with thirty per cent, or fifteen thousand dollars paid in. The original 
stockholders were Dr. U. H. Bourn, of Mexico; Moses ilendrick, J. L. j 

llendrick, llichard Gentry, and Elijah Bobiiison. The first officers were j 

IMoses Ilendrick, president; Dr. 11. H. Bourn, vice-president; and Richard ! 

Gentry, cashier. In the tVdi of 1875 S. P. Grifiith bought the stock of i 

- . " . . 1 

Ptichard Gentry, and at the same time succeeded him as cashier, which po- : 


' i 

I---. Ml. 

■;• ;m 


sition he ttill retains. Since its first organization some changes have been 
made in the way of the sale and jjurchase of stock, and at this time the 
stockholders are Dr. E. H. Bourn, of ]\rexico; S. P. Griilith, E. Robinson, 
W. G. Downing, of Menipliis. Missouri; and John E. Stonebraker, of St. 
Charles, who is also cashier of the First \ational bank of that city. Dur- 
ing its term of business the bank has added to its capital a surplus in excess 
of eight thousand dollars; it has on hand at this time deposits agfrregatiuf 
over eighty-six tliousand dollars; is now doing, and has always done, a care- 
ful and successful business, upon the most liberal principles compatible 
with absolute safety; and is at this time in a promising and prosperous con- 
dition, and with a future full of usefulocss to the general public and of pos- 
sible profit to the parties in interest. 


The first mill ever built in Lowiing Green was erected by Edward Hardin ] 

about the year lSr»7. It was really a grist and saw-mill combined, and I 
stood near the present trsck of tlie Short Line IJaih-oad, and was run until I 

the war began, when it passed through numerous changes, when, finally the j 
old mill was abandoned. Afterwards Ueedy vt Purse built their mill and ran 'i 

it about two years, at the expiration of which time Mr. W. J. Sisson, who had 
for many years been in partnershij) witli Judge S. ^S. Kussell, of Ashley, in 
connection witliAV.B. and A. E. McAlister, bought it. This occurred in 1870. 
At this time the mill has been enlarged and greatly improved. The 
old mill ran two sets of burs, one for wheat and the other for corn, ajid 
had a daily capacity of lOS bushels of wheat and OC busliels of corn for a 
run of twelve hours each day. The present capacity is about three times as 
much for each cereal. Tiie building at this time is a two and a half story 
frame, besides tlie stone basement for engine and machinery. 

Kecently the mill has been supplied with much new and costly machin- 
ery. The new engine is a sixty-horse power, constructed by the Greenliei' 
Manufacturing Company, Quincy, Illinois. The boiler is twenty-two feet 
long, forty-eight inches in diameter, and has twelve six-inch flues, manufac- 
tured by John O'Brien, of St. Louis. The cost of the engine was si. -200, 
that of the boiler §781, exclusive of freight, which was $24. The cost of 
the wood work in enlarging the house was 81,000. 

A personal inspection of the interior of the mill revealed the fact that it 
contained machinery in perfect harmony witli that of the engine and boiler 
room. Among this machinery was the " Becker brush,'' patented June 2, 
1871, and manufactured by the Eureka Company at Eock Falls, Illinois; 



•■■• •.. .Mil , 

)r b 



Bowr.ixti oiiKEN. 767 

"No. 2 Excelsior bran duster," luadc at Silver Creek, Chautaufjiia couut}- 
Xe\v- York; a '' wlieat separator and oat and weed extractor,-' uianui'actured 
hv l«arriard tt Company, Moline, Illinois; n jiue bolting cl)es«t, being a 
'' t'onr-reeled donble conve^'or," having a length ol' eighteen feet; also a 
three-reeled bolting chest: a "middlings parilier," .Xu. o, from Jackson, 
Michigan; a !No. 2 '' Victor smntter," made by Barnard & Leaf, Moline, 
lllinoie; and much otiier excellent macliinery, v/hosc description our limited 
space precludes. This mill has already gained a re|.'Utaiion that reflects 
credit upon the county at large, and more than merits the description given. 


Commercial travelers certaii^ly liave no reason to complaiii of the facili- 
ties that the town afibrds in the way of livery rigs. Two establishments, 
with excellent turn-outs, are ever ready to supply every demand in their 
liue for transporting the living or burying the dead. The establishment of 

H. C. J0H^■S0N 

dates back to 1871, when he first began the business, in which lie remained 
until January 1, ISSl, when he went to Louisiana to engage, in the same 
employment, commencing there February 21, ISSl. lie sold out, however, 
November 4, of the following year, and returning to Bowling Creeu bought "j 

out Yv", X. Gibbs, to vrhom he bad previously sold his establishment. Dur- 1 

ing his absence the tirm.was known as Frier, Gibbs & Compar.y. Soon af- ] 

ter Frier sold his interest in the concern, and the firm was then known as | 

that of Ward 6c Gibbs. "Ward retired in 1SS2, buying out his partner's in- j 

tercst in the omnibus line, to which he is now giving his exclusive atten- j 

tion, there being no competing line. Finally, in November of 1SS2, H. C. 
Jolinson, the present proprietor, bought out W. X. Gibbs, and has resumed 
entire control of the business at the old stand. At this time he is employ- 
ing ten horses, six buggies, two carriages, tv/o sj)ring wagons, and a fine 
hearse, valued at §S00. A more recent establishment is that of 

K. vv. m'dannoi.d, 
who began the livery business, with O. A. Myers as his partner, L)ecembcr 
1, 1S81, but boughr Myers out April 1, 18S2. His employment was 
remunerative until the destructive tire broke out, which consumed the 
frame buildings on the corner near by and also burned ui> the fine 
stables in which he was carrying on his bu.-iness. Through the exertion of 
his friends his stock and buggies were all rescued before he could reach 
the conflagration. He moved his stock temporarily into the buildings 




belongiti<2; to "Ward vS: Gibbf-. Determined not to he disheartened by ad- 
verse circumstances lie commenced to rebuild on tlje 20Lh oi" November 
and by the Stb day of the fb]lowin<< montli be ]jad liis etock moved into the 
new buildinir, and is now prejiared to furnisli the public with turn-outs tlmt 
would do credit to any stable in ihe county. Tlie establisiinient coiiJ]»ris('5 
eleven horses, live buo-iries, one carriage, and one siiiuns; wairon. involviiia: a 
capital of more than $3,000. 


The idea of building a telephone from Ashlej' to Bowling Green was con- 
ceived by M. T. Griggs, who. in the years 18S0 and 18S1, in traveling over 
the state, had observed the successful working of this novel instrument. As 
tlie distance between these two places was only eight miles, he felt confident 
that enough interest could bo awakened in the matter to put up the line, 
and mentioned the project to several men of means in I'owling Green, but 
received little or no encourao-ement, as no one seemed to be willinfr to invest 
means in a scheme that r.ronnfed no cei-tain I'eturns. Xor was this stranr>-c, 
as no one knew anything of the practical value of such a line of communi- 
cation or the cost of its construction. 

In the summer of ISSl Mr. Griggs went to St. Louis and called on the 
ag'ont ctf the Bell Telephone Company, who gave him all tlie necessary in- 
formation touching the cost of building the line and the best means of 
securing its construction.. Another attempt was then made to forni a com- 
pany. Having failed at Bowling Green certain enterprising men at Ashley 
%vere approached. iVs a result J. L. Elmore subscribed $.50, Bussell it Sons 
$100, and M. T, Griijirs $100. Thus a o-ood becjinninoc was made, and soon 
after S. F. Griffith, of the Farmers' Bank, of Bowling Green, subscribed 
$100, and the balance of the $500 stock was secured in good subscriptions. 

The contract for the poles and the election of the line was awarded to P. 
P. Parker, who completed the work by January, 1882. The line was not, 
liowever, in working order until March 1, 1882. The first message sent 
over the line was from ^V. S. Bryant, Ashley, to C. ct A. depot. 

So successful was the enterprise that the comj>any concluded in the fol- 
lowing June to extend the line to Louisiana, eleven miles farther. For 
this purpose they secured the right-of-way from the Louisiana and Middle- 
town liock Itoad Company to run the line along Said road. Meanwhile the 
Mutual L'fiion Telegraph Corripany had put up poles along this road for one 
of their own telegraph lines. The liock Koad Company having refused to 
allow the erection of any more poles, and the Telephone Company ha\ ing 

■1 •• U)U . ^{ i •,,, <.,,.j-i7^ 

:,i '' -^ 

(I "■ M 

■.' ■■■ , -: t 



RfiL'urcd the riuht-of-way, which the Telegraph Company had not, an unwil- 
liti^' coni]>ro!nise was forced upon the latter, which resulted in allowing the 
TelcjihoTie Company to put vhelr wire on tlie poles erected by the other 
company, the one t'urnishing the poles and the other the right-of-svay. 


Alorc than tliirty years ago the Ma^or.ic fraternity institnted a lodge in- 
troducing the nJy^tcries and rites of tliis time-honored institution. At this 
time it is represented by three organizations — one Blue Lodge, one Iloyal 
Arch Chapter, and one Commnndery. 

riioMiix Lodge No. 186, A. F. (fc A. Til., was organized under dispensa- 
tion, Xovember 4, L?50, by M. 11. McFarland as D. T>. G. A^aster, with the 
following named persons as churter members: James O. Broadhead, Will- 
iam Bolton, Thomas Dunbar, James W. Ivem, James ^L Martin, N. B. 
Minor, William Beni\', and Thomas Keynolds. | 

The Bike Eoyal Arch Chapter was organized as Lyons Chapter, under i 

dispensation, May 12, 1875, by W. O. Barks as M. E. G. H. B.; W. R. ! 

Gwilliam as G. K.; D. E. S. Taylor as G. S.; G. D. A'incil as G. S.; R. C. j 

Bew as O. C. IE; F. C. Wenkle as G. U. C; IE S. Smith as G. B. S.; W. 
W. Anderson as G. 3E third veil; IE M. Reed, G. M. second veil; M. T. i 

Davis, G. M. first veil; B. B. Barker, G. G. The charter was issued Octo- j 

bor 7,'1S75, and the lodge instituted under charter October 19, 1S75, by C. 
JB. Randolph, acting G. IE B. The lodge, thuugh small in the beginning, 
has made commendable progress, and now numbers thirty-eight members 
in goud standing. 

Cyrene Commandery was instituted under dispensation by B. R. E. G. 
C. of Missouri, Sir Knight John R. Barsons, of St. Louis, on April 6, 1882. 
The following Sir Knights acted as officers: B. R. E. Y. C, John R. Bar- 
sons as E. C; B. R. E. G. C. of Illinois, C. M. Morse, G. R. E.; J. A. Sloan 
as C. Gen.; W. A. Simpson as S. W.; G. A. Botent as J. W.; Thomas C. 
Ready as prelate; Ferdinand Winkle as recorder; S. B. Cunningham as 
St. Bearer; W. L. Orr as Sd, bea^rer; James Yates as warden; F. K. 
Buford as cruard. The followini' Sir Knii^hts were cliavter members: C. J. 
Atkins, A. B. Ayres, J. Brown. F. K. Buford, Thomas Conley, F. M. Doan, 
J. M. Dreyfus, M. T. Griggs, R. J. JIawkins, A. R. McAlister. G. T. Mose- 
ley, W. F. Oglesby, B. B.^ Barker, R. C. Bew, K. D. Bearson, Enock Bep- 
per, IE M. ifeed, \v. J. Sisson, N. C. Harden, W. F. Hill, John J. McEl- 
wee, W. B. McAlister, IE S. Smith, D. E. S. Taylor, Ferdinand Winkle, and 
B. F. AVilsuii. Tbe tirst otlicers elected under the ciiarter were: B. B. Barker, 

•^ j ■ ' ■•'■:' vft n 

'^'■^ UW ii-iif. ,1 

')-viilj ■. 




E. C; M. T. Griggs, Gen.; 13. F. Wilson, C. G.; J. M. McClcllan, prelate; 
T. L. Wells, S. W.; G. Monroe, J. W.; W.J. Sisson, treasurer; W. B. 
McAHster, Eec; I^. C, Pew, S. B.: Thomas Conlej, S. B.; S. P. Griffiih, 
warden; niv.l P. K. Bufoi'd, guard. This Connnandery is in a tluurishini,' 
condition, \vitl\ ar. ever increasing membership, which now numbers forty- 

indepp:ndent order of odd fellows. 

Cuivre Lodge, No. 21:2, 1. O. O. F., was organized at " Little'' Pbcenix 
Hall, v,-here it still meets, November 18, 1870, bj Deputy Grand Master AV. 
II. Shaw. The following officers were elected, constituting also the charter 
members, as the lodge was small: X. G., C. P. W'illiams; Y. G., X. M. 
Clark; Sec, TL S. Clark; Treas., C. B. Pichards; R. S. to X. G., Gilbert 
Mnnfoe; L. S. to N. G., W. H. Campbell; warden. II. D. Hunter; P. S. 
S., W. H. McAbVtor; L. S. S., H. Randolph; I. G., P. P. Parker; sup- 
porter to Y. (!., S. P. Fleak. Tlie lodge has at this time about thirty-five 
members, and is making commendable efforts to sustain its organization in 
the face of some dilficilties. 

thf: a. o. u. w. 

Lodge Xo. C-l was organized July 24, 1878. The following persons hav- 
ing assembled at Odd Fellows' Hall, were the original mcuibers, as organ- 
ized by Deputy Grand Ma.-ter Workman M. W, Xewton: James L. Hen- 
dricks, W. C. Williams, James W. Rudgers, W' . F. Mayhall, John S. Baker, 
Edward T. Smith, Joseph B. Purnell, S. P. Griffith, William R. Hind, W. 
T. P>urk, Frank P. Toombs, David L. Caldwell, W. C. Kincald, Mathew G. 
Reynolds, John 1-5. Buchanan. Ferdinand Wiid-Je, Charles W. xMorris, Car- 
roll J. Atkins, Thomas L. Wells, W. Iv. Frier, James D. Frier, and Benj. 
H. Cowgill. The present officers, whose term ends JauTiary, 1SS3, are: 
John Creighton, M. W,; Gab. Phillips, financier; P. M. McXally, G. F.; 
A. Livingston, O.; W. D. McLean, recorder; C. E. Porter, recorder; James 
Swagerty, guide; B. F. Richards, I. ^Y.^, A. J. Farrell, O. W.; F. Winkle, 
triistee; J. M. Rodgers and P. G. X.ichols, medical examiners. Among 
the P. ;M, workmen are John W. Buchanan, S. I'. Griffith, and James W, 
Rodgers. The fraternity is growing in numbers, the present membership 
being sixty-five. During the four years of its existence but one member, 
Jesse W. Bilbrow, has died, which occurrence took place August 25, 18S1. 

■TO YH(%r-I't 

' { ■' ■•■'••■ *■'■'' ' .i. ; • •> n-.^l 7 

I J 

f ...ft 




Tho J'owling Green Loch^e, No. 2l»2, I. O. G. T., was duly instituted 
,]annai7 12, 187S, in tlie CiMnl)er]and Presbyterian (Church, by V. P. Ellis 
P. AV. G. C. T., and t!ie following officers elected and installed: Pev. P. O 
Klniore, W. C. T. ; Misi^ Pue Pailcer, W. \^ T.; Gilbert Muiiroe, record 
ini; secretary; ] Euituu Dixon, assistant secretary; I\iiss Kate Keid 
L. S.; Miss Mollie Emerson, P. S.; Vol Pn£,'b, financial secretary; Mrs 
L. V. Campbell, treasiuer; P. Frank Wilson, marshal; Miss Patsy Frier 
assistant M.; P. F. CoM'gill, P. W. C. T.; I. W. l?asye, P. deputy; Jolin 
Doau, cliaplain; Miss Emma >[urray, L G.; J. A. I)i?;on, O. G. The 
present officers (1SS2) are; P. W. 0. T., Gabriel Peed; W. C. T., P. W. 
Pnsell; ^V.Y. T., Miss Ettie McDonold; recording secretary, Thomas 
Lasberry; assistant secretary, Mrs. Thomas Lasberry; financial secretary, 
— Saunderson; trensurcr, ]Mis5 Fannie Murray; chaplain, Ira P. Kirk- 
land; marshal, Willie B. Campbell; assistant marshal, jliss Clara Brad- 
bury; T. G., ]\[iss Mary Johnston; 0. T., Ira P. Picharrls; lodge deputy, 
W. IP Campbell. Tliis lodge is doing good work in the interests of tem- 
perance and good morals, nor is it without a good field for its labors, even 
in Bowling Green, a tov.'n without a saloon. 


Pike Council 43, xVmerican Legion of Honor, was organized January 8, 
ISSl, with twelve charter . members, by S. P. Griffith, Dcpt. Sup. Com. 
The following vrere the officers chosen for the year: S. P. Griffith, com- 
mander; S. "Walter Basye, past commander; Anson Prodbry, orator; ,P P. 
Dunbar, vice commander; P. A. Dowry, guide: J. E. Sanderson, ilnancial 
re}»orter; J. :S. Gibbs, treasurer; AV. H. Mitchell, secretary; Rev. J. Peid, 
chaplain; S. J. Peynolds and W, 11. Pollard, medical examiners. 

It has been steadily growing in numbers, receiving into its ranks uiem- 
bers from Prairieville, Edgewood, Ashley, Curryville, Frankford, and Lou- 
isiana. Provisions are made for insurance to both ladies and gentlemen be- 
tween the ages of eighteen and fifty-five in amounts of from s500 to s5,000, 
the cost being in proportion to the age and amount of insurance. The ex- 
aminations are exceediugly severe, none but the best risks being taken. xVs 
a result of this rigid ^ule almost one-third of all who apply are rejected. 
This makes the cost very light, while at the same tiuiC the order, with its 
^',000 members, is no longer an experiment. The priiicipal officers at pres- 
ent are: S. P. P. Com.; W. IP Campbell, secretary; and I. W. 
Pasye, commander and di.-.trict deputy. 

.".J! f ■'•'. , , 

772 msTO]n' of pike coun'ty. 


Tliifc orguni/.ation took place November 10, 1879. The charter inenihcr^ 
were: J no. Appletou, J. W. Buciianan, I. "Walter J3a?ye, John Creightou, 
Joh.u Farrell, J. J). Friar, John W. llendrick, M. "W. Iveenan, Z. T. Lati- 
mer, E. P. Matt!ic'.rs, G. \V. Morris, ^V. B. McAlister, H. G. Mackey, New- 
tun T. McDami.-jld, V. i\ Parl-or, C. E. Porter.. S. J. Pveynolds, S. S. Pobin- 
6on, K. W. I'nscll, John P. AVise, and J. W. Podgers. 

At the organization A. C. Sheldon, afterwards grand dictator, and Ed- 
ward Price, of Hannibal, officiated. P. P. Parker was elected dictator; 
John Parrel], vice-dictator; J, AY. llendrick, reporter; P. AY. Unsell, finan- 
cial reporter; L AY. Buchanan, P. dictator; IL G. Mackey, E. P. Matthews, 
and Jolin Api'leton, trustees. 

The dictators have been : P. P. Parker, Jolm Farrell, John Creighton, L 
YP'alter Basye, and IL G. :Mackey. 

The present membership, composed of the best and most substantial citi- 
zens, is thirty-eight. In respect to good material no lodge in the city is 
superior to it. During tlie three years of its existence there have been but 
tv^-o or three suspensioiis. The lodge at present is in a healthy and vigorous 
condition. It has been represented in Grand Lodges by S. P. GrifHth, John 
Farrell, and I. AY. Basye. The average cost of insurance on 8^2,000 for three 
years, to those under forty -five years, is Sl-i per annum. John AY. Hendrick 
lias served faithfully as reporter since its organization, and John P. AYise, as 
treasurer. Meetings second and fourth Thursdays. 


This order is represented in Bowling Green by a thriving lodge known as 
Imperial Xo. C6. In the summer of ISSl Messrs. I. AY. Basye, Johu J'\ar- 
rell, P. J. Hawkins, M. h>. Goodman, and other leading citizens petitioned 
the Grand Chancellor of the Kniglits of Pythias, Jurisdiction of Missouri, 
to grant a dispensation lor the institution of a subordinate lodge of this 
order at Bowling Green. Accordingly, on the 31st day of August, 1S81, 
with the aid of one hundred and twenty Knights from Hannibal, Louisiana, 
and St. Louis ''Imj^erial Xo. CO" was ushered into existence with a mem- 
bership of twenty-eight, as follows: I. \Y. Basye, P. C.; John Farrell, C. C; 
P. J. Hawkins, A. €.; G.l). Bownum, P.; AY. B. McAlister, M. of E.; C. 
Lindeiiberger, M. of F.; C. C. Edwards, K. of P. & S.; F. P. Littlefield, 
M. at A.; I. B. Kirkland, I. G.; John Hughs, O. G.; S. E. Pugh, P. M. 
McXelly, H. G. Edwards, George H. Green, M. S, Goodman, J. G. Puds, 
John Porter, G. G. AVhite. George AY. AYylie, Charles E. Porter, Lucien ^sl. 

r ^ 

! r,<i 


KO^Vl.LNC (.KEEN. 77o 

Kdwards, Thomas Keid, J. J. Ivincaid, J. S. Danley, S. P. Griilith, W. 11. 
Mitchell, 11. W. Unsell, and W. H. IVllard. 

!No lodge in the couutry can boast of better material, and as will be seen 
from the roll, the niajurity of it? luenibers being yonng men who can render 
personal aid at the sick bed of a brother, thus obviating the necessity of fur- 
nishing fraternal heiji or extending charity " by proxy.'' 

In the last report oi' the lodge, December 31, 18S2, the roll of members 
had swelled to forty-seven, indicating a gain of iiineteen since organization, 
Tlie additional members are: Joseph B. riirnell, James T. j.)avis, AV. W, 
English, Ferdinand Winkle, Gabriel Phillips, Y. Pngh, John Hettiek, J. 

A. Dixon, J. E. Gibbs, Pobert Sampson, Harrison Hendvick, John Hughs, 

B. F. Edwards, F. G. Martin, Georg(3 Steadings, Ilal. Steadings, W. J. 
Kowley, W. E. E. Ilumj^lu'ey, and B. F. Hawkins. 

The present officers of the lodge are E. J. Ha'.vkins, P. C.; C. Linden- 
berger, C. C; S. E. Pngh, Y. G. Puds, P.; L. M. Edwards, K. of 
}l & S.; I. B. Kirkland, M. of E.; V. Pngh, M. of F.; John Hettiek. M. 
at A.; J, T. Davis, L G.; B. F. Edwards, O. G. Pvegular meetings at Phre- 
nix Hall on the first aiid third Wednesdays of each month. Visiting 
brothers always receive a hearty welcome from this fraternal budy, 


The church records in many instances having been lost, and in otliors 
poorly kept, it is almost impossible to get materials that are at all reliable. 
Tjio record best kept is that of the Cnmberlnnd Presbyterian Church and is 
one of the many fruits of painstaking labor on the part of Pev. J. W. Camp- 
bell. This record commences with the year JS3S and is quite valuable. 
The record of the M. E. Church seems to have been lost, leaving us no 
alternative but to resort to the recollections of the "oldest irdiabitant.'' 
Some other records are so meager as to furnish but little data for a history. 
It is well, however, to compile what facts are still in. reach of the historian, 
although some of them are furnished as matters of tradition. 


This congregation was oiganized in the year 1S3^ by Kev. James W. 
Campbell. The old record contains the follov/ing names: James W. 
Campbell and Sophia A. Campbell, David McAlister and wife. Kinzie ]Vfc- 
Millen and wife, John McCune and wife, and Elizabeth Crow. The record 
itself intimates that there were some others whose names did not af>pear. 

David McAlIster ^vao elected and ordained a ruling elder at theorgauiza- 


T \-:-:\ 

'I I 






774 . iTibToKY OF rnu: county. 

tion. From time to time additions were made in tlieso earlier years among 
which are the names of Kov. W. F. Yv'atson and wife, licv.^B. B. Monliam 
and wile, Eev. J. Dickey Henderson and wife, Geo. Mp.r;iolf and wife, Jvev. 

Johnson and wife, AVilliam AVatte. (Uncle Billie) and wife, and one Miller. 
Rev. James W. Campbell f.nj)plied the church with ]. reaching contiiui- 
ously until the year jS52 when he went to California. Like most other 
churches this has had its seasons of prosperity and times of adversity. 
After 1S52, for want of rci^'ular ])reachin£r, the congregation gradually de- 
clined until it was left with but few members and but one elder, W. C. 

In February of 1S70, in a meeting conducted by Jievs. James W. Camp- 
bell and F. D. Pearson, the congregation was greatly revived aiid new mem- 
bers added to the chnrch, and Wm. M. Basye. Yalentiue Hendrick, and P. 
Parker, elected and ordained ruling elders. At this re-organization the 
commiinicants numbered forty-two. 

After this revival Pt'\. James W. Campbell preached once a month for 
the congregation for one year. The following year the presbytery sent 
liev. Robert O. Elmore who })reached once a month for that year. 

After this time the congregation had no regular ministerial suj)ply until 
in March, iST7, when a revival was had in a meeting conducted by Revs. J. 
W. Campbell, E. D. Pearson, Robt. O. Elmore, and Dr. John W. Watts, of 
Oregon, who was the son of W. Watts, one of the early members of the con- 
gregation. At this meeting fifty new members were added, forty-one by 
profession and nine by letter. Dr. Watts did the most of the preaching 
and perhaps a greater interest was umnifested in the cause of religion than 
in any other meeting ever heJd in the town. At this re-organization the 
communicants numbered eighty-eight. A. R. McAllister was elected ruling 
elder ]\Iarch 3''', 1S77, and was duly ordained on Sunday, April 1. 

After this re\ ival Rev. Robert P^lmore supplied the congregation with 
preaching from once to 'wice a month until October 3S81, when he re- 
signed his charge, and Rev. James W. Duvall was employed aud still con- 
tinues to preach for the church twice a month, and has proved to be an able 
minister and good pastor. 

The Old Brick Cliurclt. — The house in Vv-hich the con^jregation worships 
was built in the year 184^5 by W. Watts, the brick work being done by W. W. 
Blaine. The edifice was intended as a house of worship for all denonnna- 
tions alike, with provisions in the title that the house should be free for the 
use of all denominations of Chrislians; that the sect contributing the most 
to the building fiuid should have charge of the building; that it was to be 

[■> vaoiriu 


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used exclusively ns a chr.vcli, with the uirtlicr provision that when this Ftip- 
uhition should be disregarded the title should revert to ^lajorOury. 

These terms were complied with nntil 1S*^»3, when the court-house in tlie 
tuwii was burned, soon rd'ter which the chuich was used as a court-house. It 
was thus utilised until 1S*>S, when the new buildings at the county seat wcj-e 
erected. It was also used as a kind of ])ublic hull, ail lectures, many 
"shows," etc., being held in it during; this period. 

At one tin^e, in ISoG, when Eev. J. G. llodgers, had charge of the house, 
an agent applied to him for the privilege of using it for a great "moral cx- 
Ijibition," Permission v.-as granted, but just a little prcviou.? to the lime 
of beginning tlie entertainniont it was discovered tiiat a band of negro min- 
strels were about to occupy the sacred precincts of this house of worship, 
whereupon Dr. liodgers refused to admit them and they left the place deeply 
incense*!. The building having been used for such promiscuous purposes, 
the property reverted to Major Oury, wlio afterwards deeded it to the 
trustees of the Cumberland congregation :'.t this place. This transfer having 
been made, the house was still used by all denominations indiscriminately 
until ISCO, when the Baptist church was built. 

In the foregoing sketch it will have been noticed that Eev. J. 'W. Camp- 
bell, who organized the church in 1S3S, was present and assisted in the re- 
vival and re-oriranization in ISTO and ac'ain in the great revival of 1ST7, 
thus extending ids sphere of usefulness over half a century, always ready to 
enecKtr«ge and assist in the great work to which he had devoted his m.arvel- 
0U3 powers of head and heart. Self-educated he had risen from the com- 
mon level of the peo])le and never lost his hold on the masses. It is not 
strange therefore that he is still familiarly spoken of as "Uncle Jimmie." 
he and Isabella McMillen, knov*-n. also as "Aunt Ibbie,'' being the only 
surviving members of the fiockof 1S3S. 


The records of the Mt. Pisgah Church show that a number of its members 
left it by letter to form a new church at Bowling Green. This occurred in the 
year 1851. From Duncan's history of the Baptist Church justfrom the press 
(January, 1SS3) we learn tliat the Bowling Green Church was organized 1S51, 
by Elders \v. Ilurly and T. T. Johnson, with nineteen members ; and that the 
pastors have been Eiders ^V. Hurly, !M. 'M. ^lodisett, L. C. Musick, J. T. 
Williams, W. T. Luck, J. F. Smith and J. W. Haines. This church seems 
Pot to have survived the war, and hence in the absence of records we nov,- 
turn to . ■ ■ ■ ' 

.1 L 



■niK HAlTlsr CHURCU— (KKOK(rA>;i/E!>). 

The records of tlie B;i]ttist. Churcli in Bowling Gri:ien arc full of important 
details and have been well koi)t. Tliere is, therefore, iibniulunt material in 
them for a, very complete sketch. A mere summary, hovvevcr, is all tliat 
the limits of ihi.-- article will admit of. The following is the history since 
the war: On the 2-lth day of February, 1SC6, a meeting was held in Bowl- 
ing Green for the purpose of eflccting the organization of a Baptist Church. 
At this meeting Elder A. P. Ilodgers served as moderator and Thomas 
II. Luck as clerk. A sermon was preached by Elder John M. Johnson. The 
following persons presented church letters, weiednly received and became the 
constituent members at this place: ilendly Roberts, Eliza, AVilliam, and Be- 
becca Boberts, Teriissa and America Metier, W. -lohnson, Alcy JTawklns, 
Catharine Tisdale, jMary J. Bodgers, Soi)hronia Beynolds, Thomas Johnson, 
Mary Cotton, James P. Dickinson, Amanda Dickinson, Alcy Frier, John Par- 
sons, C. K. Huntington, Mary M. Penn, Sarah Green, Church Sutton, Eliza- 
beth Roberts, all of Bowling Green; an.d A. P. Rodgers, Uuldah Rodgers, 
Thomas H. Luck, and Louisa J. Luck, all of the Baptist Church at Mt. Pisgah. 
The first regular meeting of the church was held on the fourth Saturday in 
March, 1SG6, and a sermon was preaclied by Elder A. P. Rodgers. Rules 
for the government ot the church were adopted, atid steps taken looking to 
employment of a pastor to serve until the L>ecember meetitig, which resulted 
in the unanimous election of Elder ^L Johnson. In less than a montlj, 
however, he died and the minutes of the next meeting, Aj>ril 2-i, show tliat 
Elder A. P. Rodgers was elected as his successor in the ^lastorate. 

From time to time additional members were received — many by letter — 
from Alt. Pisgah, Xoix Creek, and Louisiana churches, nor was it lone 
until a house of worship was needed fof this gro^ving congregation. 

^ew Ciiurch. — At the meeting of March 2, 1S67, a paper was presented 
showing that already $1,150 were secured towards a new edifice. A com- 
mittee was also appointed to select a site and submit plans and specifications. 
In May, 1^07, bids were received, and that of "\Y. W. English to do the 
brickwork for Sl,U9, was accepted. According to the specifications the 
house was to be 30x45, walls 10 feet high, etc., and to be built on a lot of- 
fered by :N. S. Ferguson, being lot Xo. 24, block 12. The work of building 
went steadily on and as usual a debt was incurred. The following statement 
w^as made September 5, ISOS: , . 



f. : ■ ■ . ; r 

: ret 

■'.'«. ila 

IJOWLINC.; Or KEEN'. ' 111 

ludebtedncss: ^'otes .%. $70n.oO 

Intercut 50.00 

Bills 2:^0.35 

Total ^950.35 

Resources: Volunhu-y snbscri})tioTjs. $ 03.00 

Church fniui to end of year 510.00 

Total 8553.00 

The house was completed by September 3, ISTO, but tlic indebtedness 
was not removed until some time later. The pastor, A. P. Tlodgcrs, took 
great interest in advancing the sabbath-school of his church, and on the 4tli 
da}' of June, 18^)8, became its superintendent and at once organized with 
sixty-two scholars. Tl\e following report was made December 31, 1S68: 

Present number of scholars 100 

Present number of teachers 1 

Average attendance 70 

Number who attend regularly 50 

Xumber of teachers wlio attend regularly 5 

jN^umber of bible classes 2 

]!S^uml)er of juvenile classes 4: 

Xumber of infant classes 1 

Tliis devoted pastor resigned his position April 3, 18G9. lie remained, 
however, nominally as jtastor until September 4th of the same year, when 
his resignation v/as accepted on account of prolonged ill health wliich inca- 
jiacltated him for speaking in public. His place was temporarily supplied 
by Elder J. F. Williams, who preaclied two Sundays in each month. 

A protracted meeting coujmenced February 9, ISTO, wluch resulted in 
large accessions to the church. The report indicated that thirty-eight were 
received as candidates and baptized, three received as candidates without 
baptism, three by letter, and thirteen by relation, making a total of lifty- 
seven members. In this meeting the services were commenced by holding 
prayer meetings for one wt-ek, when Kev. Pundall came and held regular 
services. A few sermons, however, by JIqv. Mu>ick preceded the regular 

The services of Pev. Pandall having ]>voved very efliclent ho was unani- 
mously elected as pastor to serve during his stay, or until the services of a 
rt'gular pastor could be procured. On the 5th day of October, 1S70, A, 

F. Pandall was Elected as regular pastor for the ensuing year, but it seems 
49 . . 

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that lie never accepted, his resigiuitiou having- hcen tendered Dcceniher 
31, ISTO. 

At, the meeting of February 11, 1S71, Kev. T. X. Sanderson was elected 
as pastor to preacli twice a month; but in October of the same year liov. 
A. P. Kodgers was re-elected to serve as pastor, in wliich cc^pacity he re- 
mained unlil July f'. 1S77. when Jicv, W. IT, lUirnhara succeeded liim, fol- 
lowed in July, ISSO, by Jiev. J. J). Higgs, who, however, resigned the 
charge November 12, ISSl. Kev. J. F. Cook took charge of the congre- 
gatioii March 15,JSS2. At the last recorded meeting Xovembcr 29, 18S2, 
Rev. J. D. Biggs was re-elected to the pastorate. 

During most of these years the members of this church have been stru"-- 
glitig heroically with a church debt, which has been a source of some dis- 
couragement, but the work of the church is still being prosecuted v\'ith vigor. 


The history of the M. E. Cliurch as fjir as written in this work will be 
fou]id in the general histor} of the county. Generally the histories of the 
M. E. Church South have been carefully written for each tovrnship, the 
writer, after repeated elTorts, having failed to obtnin the neces^^ary data for 
a special chapter on the Church South. But inasmucli as the separation did 
not take place until 1S44 what is said on the M. E. Church prior to that 
date applies of course to both branches equally well. 

■' Again, the itinerent sj'stem of the churGb,.necess!tating freqaent changes 
in ministers, and tlie proverbial carelessness touching the records of indi- 
vidual churches, conspire to make"it very difficult to get reliable materials 
for a connected history of any particular society. Wc have, however, done 
what we could to fiirnisli a com[)lcte history. 


This institution was oj^eiied for the rece])tion of students on September 
19, ISSl. Tlie founding of it wti> the individual enterprise of Prof. J. P. 
Meriwether, the owner and princi{)al of the school. The speedy execution 
and success of the undertaking was greatly lacilitated by the encouragement 
and financial assistance rendered by the citizens of the town. * 

The situation of the school was chosen with a view to health and freedom 
from the bustle and temptation of large towns. The building is new and 
commodious, and was planned expressly for the ]iurpose. The rooms are 
large, well veiitilated, and well lighted. Spacious grounds surround the 
bnildiuij: amT-)le room for exercise and amusement within the 

YH '•■■■•]> 

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inclosui'C. Since the opeuing of tlie institution constant endeavor has heen 
innilc to perfect its arrangements for educational advantages and domestic 
cM'iifort. The object aimed at is the development and culture of the mental 
fiicuUies, rather tliau the stoj'ing of the mind with aci|nired knowledge. ' 

A systematic course of mathematics, clatisics, and literature has heen 
urranged, which will prepare students to enter advanced classes in tlie 
lu'irher colleges of tlio country. Faithful and eilicicnt teachers devote them- J 
pelves exclusively to their respective departments. Students v.'ho desire to 
enter the school for a short period have the privilege of pursuing such parts 
of the course as they or their friends may think expedient. It is tlie aim of 
the school to aftord the best opportunties for the study of vocal and instru- I 

mental music. A strict discipline is enforced, such rules being laid down as I 

will best facilitate tlje moral and intellectual growth f»f the pu})il. Its pat- J, 

ronage is a proof of the wise and sound principle upon which the school is i 

conducted. I 



T. Waller Basve, of Bowling Green, was born on the 25th day of Au- \ 

gust, 18i5. Mr. Basye is the oldest of six children, and the descendant of .i 

one of the pioneer families of the city of JJowling (.-rreeii, his grandtather i 

having laid out the town. lie received a liberal education at the city schools. J 

Leaving the school of his native city he then entered Alleghany College, where | 

he pursued his studies vigorously for two years; from there he went to the 1 

St'ite formal of Vrisconsin, where he touk a regular course of studies, lifting ] 

himself for teaching. At the end of three years he quit schoi:il and returned ] 

to his home and began Ids career as a teacher, taking charge of the Pike i 

Academy, conducting it for two years. In 1867 ]Mr. B. erected a building I 

and established what was known as the Xormal School, a seminary of higher j 

instruction for the training of teachers, which ho run very successfully for j 

a period of ten years. lie then took charge of the Bowling Green public I 

Bchools. This position he held one year, at the expiration of v/hich he j 

retired from teaching altogether, and became connected with the Missouii 
School Furnitare Association. In ISSO he perfected arrangements by 
which he now devotes his whole attention to the business. lie married, in j 

lStj7, Laura E. Avery, of Platteville, Wisconsin. They have two children. 
Otto and XoUie. Yiv. B, has always taken an active part in tlie Sunday- i 

I ' • ■ f. :' A^yVi'x 



school, and in all moral and religious matters. In politics lie has ever es- 
poused the cause of IJe]>nblicanism. He and his worthy wife are mem- 
bers of the AI. E, Church. ?vlr. B. belonr^s to the order of the Kniglits of 
Honor, ahso the orij;aniz;ition of the Knig'hts of Pytiiias. 

Williaiu Moiitg'OHlPry J'c^sye, capitalist, was born in the city of Louis- 
iana, this county, April 1)3, 1S20. He was the youngest of ten children. 
His father was John "Walter Basye, a native of Maryland, and went to Ken- 
tucky wdien about sixteen years of age. He was nianieJ to Miss Agnes 
Belew December 25, ITl'i. She died in ISl-i. He married for his second 
wife Miss Anna Templeton, who was born in South Carolina. She died in 
1S41. Mr. Basye, fjither of W. M., came to Missouri prior to 1820, and 
settled on the farm noM' owned by our subject. He v.'a-i a well-to-do farmer. 
He died at the age of seventy-iive years, in 184-5. He had never taken a 
dose of medicine during his life, until his last sickness. "William M., wdio 
is our subject, was reared on his father's flirm, receiving but a limited edu- 
cation. He commenced farming aud dealing in stock Avheu quite young, 
and has been one of the active and successful farmers of his neigborhood. 
He now owns the old homestead, comprising three hundred and eighty-five 
acres, and still has that part of the old house built by his father in a good 
state of preservation. !Mr. B. was married in 1S41 to Miss Sarah J. Gatlin, 
daughter of John Gaslin, Escp They have raised a family of nine children, 
five of whom are still living. They are John W., Isaac W^., Ann E., "W. M., 
George "W., Mary J., Laura B., an infant unnamed, and John W^., who was 
accidentally slmt. Mr. Basye is the present mayor of the city of Bowling 
Green, elected April, 1SS2, on the temperance ticket. He has always lived 
a quiet life, and is a leading member of the M. E. Church South. 

W. T. Burke, of the firm of Burke >k Bagby, wagon and carriage manu- 
facturers. Mr. Burke was born in the city of Alton, Illinois, June 10, 1849, 
in which city he was reared and educated. "VYhen sixteen years of age, liav- 
inii' a taste for mechanics, he entered the larjre e>-tablishraent of Thomas 
Richardson, of Alton, and began the wagon-maker's trade, and worked at it 
for some time. lie afterwards worked for a bridge company on the Rock 
Island Railway. He then went to Milton, Illinois, v.diere he was jnarrled 
to Miss Mintie, daughter of Spencer S. Hudson, in ISTi. In the town of 
Milton Mr. Burke established himself in business, working at his trade, 
which he followed one and a half years. In 1S73 he came to Bowling 
Green, Missouri, and went to work for A. J. Pugh, with whom lie formed a 
partnerLdnp. At the end of two years he disposed of his interest, and estab- 
lished a wagon and carrlajre manufactory now run under the firm name ot 


'i" '•■'■ i.r.-i 

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1 -iJ) M-J.V 



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i^urkvT ik Bagby, which is one of the lari^est of tlie kind in the city of Bo\vl- 
iiiir Green. The firm is doing ii good business, with a Pteady, growing 
t'ade. Messrs. lUirkc 6c l^agby :iro both good workmen, and have Ijnilt uj) 
an enviable reputation for honesty and S(|uare dealing. Tliey liandle, 
vin connection with their otlier business, all kinds of the best nnake of farm 
iniplenients. They hwc a iiue eiglit-]iorse-}>ower engine and all of the late 
and improved machinery necessary to carry on a large business. 

Hon. David Caldwell, grandfather of David L. Caldwell, was born Sep- 
tember 10, 1768, and moved from Pennsylvajiia to Kentucky, where he 
married Sarah Brice, February 16, 17!n, and located in Harrison county 
near Licking River, and raised a large family. Joseph Caldwell, their son, 
was born Feliruaiy 1, 1806, atid married Mary Bryan ]\rcMurtiy, daughter 
of James McMurtry, December 6, 1831. James McMurtry was born in 
Virginia, January ]>!, 1773, and his parents, Jose})h and Kosannah (Camp- 
bell McMurtry, settled near Lexiiigion, Kentucky, v,'hen James was a small 
boy. James Mc^Inrtry married Nancy, daughter of Samuel and Mary 
Bryan, who emigrated from ' Xortli Carolina at an early date. Soon after ' 

tlieir marriage James ai^d !!Sancy McMurtry located near Twin Creek, in .j 

Harrison county, where he lived more than fifty years, raising a large fam- ] 

ily. Re was a man of o'reat force of character. Reverencing God and 1 

dealing justly, he enjoyed the contidence and esteem of his neighbors, and j 

died at the advanced age of eighty years. His daughter, Mary Bryan, who ^ 

married Joseph Caldwell, was born September 21, 1806. In 1832 Joseph j 

and ]\iary B. Cakhvel! moved to I'ike county, Missor.ri. He was a man of in- 1 

tegrity, fair intelligence, and great energy, and she was a pure, noble, Chris- ] 

tian v.'oman. They were members of the Baptist Church at Xoix Creek, ] 

and taught their children to love God and obey the commandments. The 
Caiifoi'nia gold excitement attracted enterprising rnen from the states, and • { 
many good men lefr Pike county for the gold fields never to return. Jo- j 

seph Caldwell crossed the plains in 1819 and exerted all his energies in gold ! 

hunting. He met many disappointments and died a poor man at Ivernville, 
California, December 30, 1871. His wife, daughter, and son, Joseph S., 
went to California. Joseph S. died November 23, 1868. Mary B. Cald- j 

well died July 21, 1870, about seventeen Uionths prior to her husband's j 

death. ]\rary E. Caldwell married John S. Butler, and they now reside in t 

Kernville, California. David L. Caldwell, son of Joseph and Mary B. j 

Caldwell, was born on Grassy Creek, Pike county. ^Missouri, April 23, 1838, j 

and received a common education. At an early age he taught district j 

school, and in 1856 he was employed to teach in the. Caldwell district, on | 

- . . . ■ ■..)". 

r I 

r.: 1 ;i 

M < - I ' , \ 

1 Uj 1' 


BuflUlo, and cuntiiiiied tlierc for Bcvcra] years, iVtrmiiig friendships ainonc 
tlic Allisons, Bjers, Baxters, CMn-olls, Griffiths, Ilenrjp, Scotts, Sh ys, Starks 
Temjik'lun?, and others, to vviiich Jie alvays refers witli ])Ieasure. In An<.r- 
iibt, 1S59, he was elected clerk of tlie Pike county court and moved 
to Bowling Green and took char ^^e of the office January 1, ISf'O. In 18G3 
he vii\< clerk of ])robate, resiij^ning- at the close of the year. During the 
civil war he was a firm unionist, but disap})ruving the prescriptive features 
of the new constitution, he was retired from the county clerk's office. May 
1, 1865, and, liaving been previously admitted to the bar, be began practice 
in I5owliug Green. In Xovember, 1866, after ari exciting canvass, he was 
elected a member of the House of Eepresentatives, and was re-elected in Xo- 
veinbcr, 1S68. In the Twenty-fourth General Assembly be favored a con- 
vention of delegates from all the states for the purpose of revising the 
United States constitution and reconstructing the government on a just and 
pci'munenc basis, but iiie proposition did not meet with support, the assem- 
bly ratifying the fourteenth amendment. Tlie Twenty -fifth General As- 
sembly ratified the fifteenth amendment, his vote being recorded in the 
negative, in deference t.^ tl'C v/ill of his constituents, maintaining that a 
represen.tative of the peo})le should faithfully express the known will of the 
majority or resign. He advised the people to accept the amendment in good 
faith, as a logical result of the war. In June, ISGS, he married Eliza, eld- 
est daughter of Andrew and JMartha Ashbrook Garnett, of Harrison countv, 
Iventucky, who is an intelligent, taithful wife. In 1871 he boui:;ht the ■'•ress 
and material to establish the jPil^e County P(>.5«;, a newspaper devoted, to 
the interests of the county seat and general interests of the county. In Feb- 
ruary, 1873, he was elected to till a vacancy in the office of judge of pro- 
bate, and u-as re-elected in 1871 and again in 1SV8, without opposition He 
is a member of the Alasonic order and of the Christian Church, and has a 
simi'le trust, 

"Aoqiiiiv-l be-i'le a raother'b knee; 
All ir^ of God that is, and is to be; 
And God is gi;>ud." 

He lias been identified with the publie-'opirited men of the county for the 
last twenty-three years, earnestly advocating public education, encouz-aging 
the construction of gravel roads arid railroads, and aiding other enterprises 
looking to tlie niaterial, intellectuab and moral advancement of the people 
of Pike county. 

Chump Clark, attorney at law, was born on the seventh day of March, 
ISoOj near Lawrenceburg, Anderson county, Kentucky. He worked on a 

I . 1 . 

■It;-; (, 


•■? I 


farm as n liii'ed hand until he was fifteen ve;irs old, goin;,' to scluxd when he 
could, and studying his books at all odd hours; he then clerked in ii store, 
tau'.'-ht country schoc-l and worked on a farm by turns until the fall of 1807, 
when he entered Kentucky University at Lexington, remaining until the 
fall of 1870, teaching school during vacation to obtain means of subsistence. 
From December, 1S70, to July, L^T:^ he tauglit school. kS'ptember, 1872. he 
entered Bethany College, We=t Virginia, from which institutiun he gradu- 
ated June, 1873, taking the highest honors in a large class. He was im- 
mediately after this elected pi-esident of Marshall College, a State Xormal 
School located at Iluntinglon, West Virginia, which position he held one 
year and then resigned it to attend the Cincinnati Law School, from which 
he gradated at the head of his class in April, 1875. Having spent a few 
months in th.e Western country, he located at Louisiana, .Missouri, in July, 
1875, taught the high school one year, and has since practiced law in the 
county at Louisiana until December, 1880, and in Bowling Green since. 
Mr. Clark edited a daily newspaper during the Tildeu-Hayes campaign, 
and edited the Rloirside Prens in 1879-80. He was city attorney of Lou- 
isiana for over two years and of Bowling Green for nearly a year. He 
was Hancock Elector for the Thirteenth Congressional Distri-ct in ISSO, 
and stumped his own district and other portions of Mi&souri. In 1878 he 
received the Democratic nomination for the legishatnre in the eastern dis- 
trict of the county, but was defeated by a combination of the Greenl>ack 
and Eepublican parties. ]\[r. Clark is a young man witli a bright future 
before him, and with abilities that qualify him for the be^t positions in the 
gift of the people, and in due time he will be called to the work for which 
he is so well fitted. 

George W. Davis, (deceased). In the whole histi>ry of a good man's life 
there is always something noble and grand. Success in life belongs to no one 
occupation or profession. Industry, energy, and careful thought, associated 
with common sense, are often the necessary qualifications to the accomplish- 
ment of a successful career. Mr. Davis was born in Wythe couiity, Vir- 
ginia, October 13, 1821. His paternal ancestors w^ere among the early con- 
tinental settlers of Virginia before the Eevolutionary "War. His father, 
James Davis, came to Missouri in the }ear 1832 and settled in I'ike county, 
and was by occupation a farmer. 'He died on his farm, ^diich laid s-me 
five miles west of Bowling Green. His mother was a native of Kentucky, 
and had previously died in 1844. George W., our subject, was reared and 
educated on the farm, where he continued to reside many years after the death 
of his lather. In IS— he married Miss Harriett Stanford, daughter of 

JM o.'y 

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Thonir.s Stanfonl, Esq.. of Keatucky. She is a lady of culture, and pos- 
sessed of many wnmaulv virtues. Tiiey raised a family of two childrcu, 
both of wlioui are still living. Jameti T. Davis, who is the oldest son of 
George W. Davis, is now engaged in business and is a member of tl.e 
popular lirm of Paniell ik Davis, druggists. Mr. Davis althougli quite 
young, has builr nn qnito a reputation as a business man, and the pop- 
ularity of the nnn may be inferred from their success. Previous to 
forming a paitnership with ^Ir. Parnell he served as de})uty recorder for a 
peiiod of eighteen months under R. W. Unsell, recorder elect. In ISoO 
George Y\'. Davis was elected supervisoi' of registration, which office he 
filled with marked ability. Tn ISGT he movtd to the town of Ashley. In 
1S70 he was elected to the ofiice of treasurer of Pike county, for a term of 
two years, holding tlie office consecutively for six years. In politics he was 
a staunch Democrat, and was for many years a leading member of the Pap- 
tist Chu;oh. He was a kiiid iiusband. nn indulgent father, and was v,-id.:'ly 
known and universally estcen.ied. 

Hugh Edwards, produce and ec^rr merchant, was born in Bowling 
Green, Pike ounty, in K'-iO; he is the eldest son of ELiram G. Edwards; 
he was reared and educated in the city of Powling Green, and received bin 
mercantile trairu'ng in his father's store where he commenced to assist when 
a mere boy, continuing to do bO until jn 1SG6. lie was married in October, 
1S66, to Miss Mary M. Lowry, daughter of Andrev.' and Ann Lowry, who 
is a native of Iveiitucky. They liave JSve children, four boys and one daugh- 
ter. In 1S6T-6S, he was appointed deputy circuit clerk and recorder, under 
Capt. P. P. Parker, but after eighteen months of office life, on accourit of 
failing health, he retired from the office and engaged in his present business. 

Rev. James W. Dlivall is a native of Pike county, born on the 1-ith 
of June, IS-Il. His father, James 0. Duvall, was a native of Kentucky, 
where he was reared and educated. His mother's maiden name was Susan 
J. Biggs, born in Pike county, a daughter of William Biggs, one of the 
early settlers, aTid for niany years prominently identified with the intei'ests 
of Pike county, having been several times elected to the legislature. Our 
subject, Kev. J. "W. Duvali, attended the Vv'atson Seminary two years, and 
spent two years more at McGee College, completing his education, and then 
took his theological course at Cumberland University. Lebanon, Tennessee. 
Previous to completing his theological course he preaclud several years, dur- 
ins: whicli tinic he served several congregations, oneof thern tor a term of eight 
years. After completing his course at the Cumberland University, he re- 
turned to his native town where he has been engaged in the ministry ever 


■ '<■:". ' .i;i.-i 5^. y.'\i-i- !•, 


K[ h.-> ..••!i-:i:; u vlnl h: :^'^c 

■r t. 

> . .. T 

lUOGUAVirrCAL .■iKETi'tiES. < bf) 

eincc', coming- to IJowling Groeii in ISSl, wlicre he ji^siiiued liis present 
cliari^e of the Presbyterian ('hurch. He is a prominent Mfi^^on. 

diaries C E(lw;n'<is. <h'pnty connty clei'k, was horn in this county. 
His father, 11. G. Edwards, came originally from Virginia; he came to Mis- 
souri in 1832 and settled in .Howling Green, where lie was for many years 
a })rominent merchant. He served as judge of the county covn-t, about ISIS, 
for four years, and was clerk of the circuit court. Charles C, our sub- 
ject, was appointed deputy circuit clerk in ISOS, and in 1S7(* he was a}'- 
pointed deputy recorder, which position he held for six years. In 1S77 h.e 
was appointed deputy county clerk, which position he holds at |)re5ent. He 
is a prominent member of the Ivnigiits of Pythian. Jlis mother, who is a 
daughter of Thomas Powell, Esq., is a native of Virginia. 

liev. Robert Orange Elmore, pastor of Antioch and Ashley churches, 
is a native of Missouri, born October 27, 18?0. Ilis father, Freeman P. El- 
more, was born in Ca^wtll countv, ?sorth Carolina, in ISll: lie moved with ■ 
his parents to Pike county in 1830; on December 22, 1831, he was married ' 
near Ashley to Miss Martha Orr, his bride seventeen yeai's of age and he 1 
twenty. He began married life as a tiller of the soil in the vicinity of ] 
Ashlcv, until the spriiior of lS-10, when he moved to Lawrence county, j\[is- i 
touri, where he was connected with the Sj)ring Piver Academy as one of • 

the founders of that institution. He was a zealous member of and worker i 


in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and a ruling elder in the same; I 

and being one of the pioneers of soutlnvestern ^ylissouri he did much for } 

the cause of education and Christianity in that part of the country-. He 1 

was an intimate friend of Pev. James Logan, and at his solicitation moved, j 

in 1852, to Chener Hill, Lafayette county, to assist is establishing a school I 

there. On February 1, 1S53, after a short illness, he died of ]Mieun\onia. i 

After his death the family, consisting of the widowed mother and si.v chil- j 

dren, returned to Ashley, Pike county. Pobert, our subject, continuing to ) 

reside with his mother, received his principal education in the Watson Sem- ] 

inary and at the Pardee College. In 1570 he was ordained as a minister at \ 

the C. P. ,C^'J!<^^^ ^^^^^ t*^^*^!-^ charge of the churches at A^hley, Auburn, 
Push Creek, and Concord, contijiuing for some years. He was married 
Jurie 14, 1871, to Miss Mattie E., daughter of Thomas J. Hammond, of this 
county. They have two children: Ola D. and Walter P>. In 1S78 he 
dropped Ru-h Creek and tcok charge of Antioch. In 1^77 he took charge 
of the C. P. Church at Bowling Green, but resigned it in. ISSl. At the 
present he dcNOles all of h's time to the Ashley and Antioch churches. 




Guy W. (Termoiul, deputy circuit clerk. This youn^; county oflieial i.^ a 
native ot" Xew Aork state, born in Duclio>s county. His t'jitLer was one of 
tlje enterjni.-ing- farmers oi' iiis county. Our subject was reared on tlie I'urri; 
and carefully trained to habits of industry. He had the advantages of an 
acadeniic education, on the eompletioii of which he took Greeley's advice 
and came west, cffectiu;.- a tenjjtorary location in Pike county in ISTS, but 
soon settliiii^ down in Bowling (ireen as the right place to locate. iSouu 
after coming here, he received the appointment of de|)Uty circuit clerk, 
and on account of liis skill and attention to Isis duties, he still liolds the po- 
sition, lie is also assi>tant postmaster. 

Wiliiaiu N. Gibbs;, of the lirm of Ward tC Gibbs, livery. Our subject 
of whom we write is the son. of Uenry C. Gibbs, wlio eniigratcd from ^ ir- 
ginia to Pike county, Missouri, in 1S50, and settled on a. rented farm two 
years, at the expiration of which he purchased a farm some nine miles iVuni 
Bowling Green, where 1\g moved his family, and where he lost his wife in 
February, 1870. William N. Gibbs was born in the state of Virginia, Jan- 
nary 23, 18-18. Obtaining his primary education at the common school, he 
afterwards attended the Watson Seminary, and is now a member of its 
board, having been elected in 187S, and still holds the same office. In 
1871 Mr. Gibbs purchased a drug store in the city of l.ouisiana. which he 
rnn for some months. Disposiui^^ of this, he was employed b}' Andrew Mc- 
Dowell v!v: Co., of St. Louis, as traveling salesman. At the end of six 
months he left the road and engaged again In the drug trade. Following 
this a short time, he disposed of his etieets and engaged in dealing in horses 
and mules, and in 1880 he associated himself with Mr. Ward, which part- 
nership still exists. Mr. Gibbs was married to Mrs. Kim, of Ashley, widow 
of J. ^\V. Kim. M^r. Gibbs is a member of the Lecrimn of Honor and of the 
Lodge of A. O. L^ W., of Bowling Green. 

Mriijoah S. Goodman. Among the prominent educators and energetic 
business men of the county few, if any, have a better reputation than the 
subject of this sketch. Xor is it to his discredit that he took a lively inter- 
est in securing at an early day excellent railroad facilities, and figured, also, 
somewhat conspicuously as a politician when espousing the cause of per- 
sonal friends or advocating the cherished principles of his party. His 
parents immigrated from Albemarle county, Virginia, in 1830, settling near 
Clarksville. His father was a farmer, aiid followed his chosen pursuit until 
the time of his death, which occurred in lSt>8. It was in September, 1837, 
that our subject was born. When four years of aire he had the misfortune 
of losing his mother, and was thus deprived of that part of his training 

.•1 /• 

I ,V 


which a mother alone can I'urnisli. His education was, however, not neg- 
lected. He not only improved such opportunities as his native county fur- 
nished, but attended St. Ptuil's College, at Palmyra, and also the University 
of Virginia. Though hedid not take his dc_2:rec at the latter, he practically 
cnmpleted the extensive curricnlnin of that institution, and then served the 
county of hi& birth as otie of its ablest teachers. Clarksville, perhaps, more 
than any other town enjoyed the benefits of hh scholastic, tittainnients aiKl 
executive ability in systematizing its schools, Mr. Goodman at the time 
of his father's death, in 1858, inherited a large estate and numerous slaves, 
and hence engaged in farming until about the close of the war. During 
the civil conflict, like many others, lie lost his property in slaves by virtue 
of the emancipation proclattiation, and suffered otiier reverses of fortune. 
It was in conjunction with J. IJeid, a Baptist minister, that he erected a 
private school editice at Clarksville, at a cost of about S7,000, with a seating 
capacity of -fOii. In this building an excellent school of high grade vras 
carried on Edccessfnlly for a period of five years. At this time the public 
schools of the tov.-u and this private school were consolidated and all placed 
under the management of Prof. M. S. Goodman, who served in this capacity 
foi- a number of years with great satisfaction to his ]>atrons. In 1870 he 
took up his residence in Bowling Green, where he had charge of the public i 

schools for two years, after which he bought a half interest in the Spring 
ILollow Lime AVorks, but has recently disposed of his interest. Mr. Good- j 

man was married in IStU to Miss Marv S., daughter of William P. Mc- -^ 

". , , . % 

Cnnc, of Clarksville, Missouri, and has a family of three children, one son "'i 

and two daughters. The son has, during the past year, been rendering effi- i 

cient; service in the recorder's orHce. One of the daughters is being edu- \ 

ctited at the Pritehett Institute, Glasgow, I\rissouri. Mr. G. is an honored 1 

member of the Knights of Pythias and a valualtle member of the commu- '] 

nity generally. i 

Hon. Will. A. Harris (deceased). Mr. Harris was born in Ilappahan- \ 

nock county, A^irginia, in the year 1S05. lie was princij^ally raised in ;\ 

Page county and was educated at the school in the city o^ Alexandria, Vir- J 

ginia, in which town he afterwards studied law under tlie distinguished i 

Judge Cleggett and at the same time acted as deputy clerk in the clerk's j 

oiiice. Completing his law studies he then went to Slienandoah county, Vir- | 

ginia, and commenced ttie practice of his |>rofession and was soon after i 

elected to represent his county in the legislature; during the session he was | 
one of the prime movers of the divison of Eappahannock county, cutting 
Oil" that whi(;h formed Page cuunty. After the adjournment of the general 

,,»,' • 

.- \ 'T- '- [f .•:'; i/.:i.:""im 

t : ■ ' I 

■^ '■>i'' I ■■■■^\i 




assembly he went home atid was elected clerk of the county conrts. In 
ISil he wa? elected member of Congress of tlic tenth legion and served 
during the years 3S41-4-2-4-0. At the close of his term of otiice he becamv 
editor of the Wa.-liingtou Constitutinti, a paper then run under tiie Pulk 
admiriistration and soon after was a]>pointed Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Jjuenos Ayres, liMlding tins responsible ]>osition for a term of six years, and 
at theex]>iration of his term for which he had been appointed, he returned 
to Page county VirgiiMa, and in 1852 came to Missouri and purchased a 
tract of land comprising SOO acres near Bowling Green and settled his fam- 
ily on it. In 1S54 he went to Washington, D. C, atid becatne managiiig 
editor of the Washington Union, at that time the leading organ run under 
the Adminisiration. Mr. Harris being a man of strong S'-uthern 
sentiment, his connection with the paper ceased with the close of Mr. 
Buchanan's term of otiice. lie then returned to liis liome in Missouri, 
and sooi afier wks pro.-trated by' an attack of paralysis, dying in ISGi. 
Mr. Harris was twice married, first to Miss Arthur of Yirginia, who died 
in 1S3S, leaving four children. In 1S40 he was united in marriage to 
Fanny Murray of Loudon county, Yirginia, the daughter of Samuel 
Murray, and a sister of Judge Murray of Bowling Green; this union was 
blessed by six children, three boys and three girls, all living. Mrs. Harris, 
afcer the death of lier husband, took charge of the farm which under her 
skillful management has proven her master of the sicnation; rearing and 
educating her family shows her to be a woman possessed of more than or- 
dinary taloDt, her efforts and example being a crowning success. Leaving 
the fashionable circles of "Washington life and settling down to a life on a 
farm shows a v\'onderful }>ower of self-control. 

James L. Heildrick, capitalist, is a native of Pike county, Missouri, 
born August 24, 1850. His father was *also a native of Missouri. His 
grandfather, Elijah Hendrick, was a native of Virginia, born about 1752; 
he entered the army at the beginning of the Hevolutionary W'^ar and served 
until its close, acting in the quartermaster's department. He was married 
Boon after the close of the war, and. came to Missouri at a very early day, 
settling near the present town site of Bowling Green. James L. our sub- 
ject, was raised a farmer and educated at Watson Seminary. Li 1S70 he 
was appointed deputy sheritl'. and served two years as deputy collector. 

Jolm Hi'thit, boot and shoe merchant. This gentleman is a native of 
Germany, born in 1S5J:. He came to this country with his brother when 
about thirteen years old, coming direct to the city of Louisiana, where he 
completed liis education, having previously gone to school in his native 

Ill .•- i:.<'v V!?[r 


cDuntry. Soon after his arrival at I.ouir-iaiia, he ciigajrcd v;ith tlic fi.'in of 

^Vahl ik iS'aiier, shoe iiiamitacturers and liealors, witli wliom lie rcnaincd 

three 3'ear?, after whieli lie spent some time visiting; dillerent cities and 

towns, linally locating in liowliug Green in 1875, engaginer in the manufac- i 

tiirc of boots and shoes, which he followed for about four years, wlion he i 

added a boot and shoe store which l«e lias been carryiiiir.on very successfully i 

ever since. lie was niaj-ried in 1S7S, to Aliss Lizzie Lombard. They liave 

one daughter, Lillie. Mr. llethit is a member of the jMasonic order, and of ' 

the Knio-hts of Pythias. i 

James J. IllgTani, proprietor of the Mansion Hotel, was born in ])an- j 

ville, Virginia, August IS, 1S35, and lived in his native county until ho grew 

to manhood; his father and mother were both natives of Virginia- His i 

father was Thomas Ligram, and bis mother, Catherine, was a daughter of | 

Robert A. Posey a prominent merchant and planter of Halifax county. Our 

subject's father Vias a well to do farmer and tobacco raiser. He immigrated 

to Missouri in 1S5S, and settled near Bowling Green on a farm where he 

engaged in farming and tobacco raising until his death; his mother is also i 

dead. Jjunes J. came to J^Iissonri with his parents. Before coraijig to this } 

state he engaged as a traveling salesman in the soutli, for a wholesale i 

tobacco house. He is now engaged in dealing in stock on a large scale, sell- i 

ing mostly in St. Louis. He was married in North Carolina in January, 1 

1858, to Miss Mary A. Jjunsford, daughter of C. W. Lunsford, an extensive j 

planter. They liave four children, two boys and two girls: TJiomas "U"., .1 

Mattie J., Joseph L., and Sallie G. His first hotel experience was in the i 

town of Curryvilie, wliich he run successfully for four years, after which, he 

moved to Bowling Green, in ISSO, and took charge of the j\Iansion House. 

Williaia C. Kincaid. grocer. This gentleman is a iiative of Pike county, 
Missouri, born January 26, lSo2. His father. John Kincaid. was born in 
South Carolina in 1808; his mother was a native of Tennessee, born in 
1810; he came to Missouri in 1825, and SLop}>ed in Lincoln count}' for two 
years; and then came to Pike county; then he went to Middleton in Mont- 
gomery county; in 1837 he went to Texas, where he remained until ISIO; he 
W'as a merchant most of this time. His wife was a sister of Rev. James "W. 
Campbell; she still lives, making her home in Howard county. William 
C, our subject, received a good common school education; when about 
twenty-three years of age he embarked in the boot and shoe and clothiu;if 
business in Bowling Green, which he followed for about two years, when he 
sold out and then engaged in the stock business, dealing in mules and 

horses principally, and selling in the south, until in 1879, when he engaged 


- N 1 





in hh present busmess. lie was rrfnn-ied in 185S, to Miss Ac^nes ]\r.,d;-mrr],. 
"ter of Jiiincs M. Mai-tin, Esq. Mr. Kincnid is <i lueniber of the order of 
United Woi-ktnen. ^ .■ 

Joliii Liiisey (deceased). Amoiip' those who were prominently idontiiied 
with Pilre county some fort}' years a^i^o, and have sinec passed away, who arc 
wortliy of notice iu the hi^^tory of the county, is the snbject of this sketch. 
lie was born in ?Surth Carolina, but wlicn quite yovtiii^ liis parents rcniov(!d 
to Tennessee, where Ins father was killed by the Indians. "When he had ar- 
rived at the age of nnudiood lie emigrated to Christian county. Ken tuck v, 
where he married Mari^-aret Carr. They came to Pike county by team, first 
settling in Cuivre township, near Vv^atson Station. They reared a family of 
eleven children: Abigail, William, Pcnjamin C, Mary, James II., Thomas, 
Pike, Elizabeth, Virginia, Margaret, and Henry H. Our subject was 
elected to the ofiice of sheriil iu 1S2S, and served four years; was re-elected 
in 1S3G, and served four veais more. Iu 1S42 he was elected to the lesrislature. 
He fdled his positions in public life in an able manner, with great credit to 
himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents. lie was a member of the 
Baptist Church. His honest dealings won for him many friends. He died 
in April, 1S56. His wife died in Octol)er previous. 

Patrick Lyon (deceased), was a native of Ireland, born in the county of 
Lonth, June 15, ISOS. On coming ^to this conntrj', when he was about 
twelve years of age, his parents first settled iu Baltimore, wdiere he was 
reared and educated. He came to Missouri about the year 1S39, previous to 
which he was engaged in the mercantile business. Soon after coming to 
Missouri he learned the marble-cutting business, which he followed for 
about fifteen years, and in which he was quite successful. In Bowling 
Green he v,-as lot.'ked upuu as an enteiprising and industrious citizen. At 
his death he had accumulated considerable property. He was married in 
1851, to Miss Sarah C. Jett, daughter of Stephen Jett,-who was originally 1 
from Linn county, Iventucky. I^lr. Lyon was well known and universally 
respected throughout Pike and adjoining counties. He was a prominent 
Mason. He died August 13, 1870. 

William B. McAlisler, banker, of Bowling Green, was born in this 
county, in April, 1844. His father, Thomas P. McAlisrer, was a native of 
AJabama, and immigrated to Missouri m the fall of lb2S, and settled on a 
farm near the town of Bowling Green, and became one of the substantial 
agriculturists of Pike county: was a man of great tact and energy, 
and remained on the farm until his death in 1882. The mother of our sub- 
ject was the daughter of Iv. McAVilliams, and is still living. William B. 



■3 .r' 



McA lifter, althoii:;lj icared and cdncated u])on the ffi.rin, after arriviiitj at 
his maiority sought the uiercantile tiold, his first cxj^erience being that 
of a retail grocer, in wliich husiness he was very siiceossfnl; at the same 
time lie was dealing largely in grain and stock. In 18S1 he opened a bank, 
which is now recognized as one of the substantial invStitutions of his town. 
He is largely interested in the Uowling (ireen Flouring Mills and many 
other of the leading enierprises calculated to build up his city and promote 
the welfare of the comm unity. He is prominently identified with the Ma- 
fonic fraternity, is a member of the Knights of Honor and Pythias, and is 
widely and favorably known. 

ReubeJi W. McDaimold, livery. YiV. MeDannold is a native of Mis- 
souri, and was born in Pike county v) 184-5. He was reared in the town 
of Bi)wling Green, and educated in the common school, and at "Watson Sem- 
inary at Ashley, 9.\)d at Burlington Seminary, in Kentucky. His father, 
Alfred MeDannold; was ovigiiially from Ivcntucky, born in IS 11. His 
mother, whose maiden name was jS'ancy Summers, was also from Kentucky. 
They immigrated to Missouri in 1833, settling in this county near Clarks- 
vilie', where he was eng-aged in farming until 1855, when he purchased some 
six or seven hundred acre? of land near Bowling Green, where he engaged 
actively in farming and dealing in stock until he died in April, ISTS. His 
wife still lives, making her home with her children. II. M. MeDannold, 
our subject, was married, in 1SG6, to Miss Susanna Crider, daughter of H. 
Dayton Crider. one of the early settlers of Pike county. Mr. !McDannold 
engaged in farming until 1ST3, when he disposed of his farm, and removing 
to Bowling Green, engaged in his present business. He served as city mar- 
shal. He is a member of the I. O. O. F. and of the Legion of Honor. 

Edmund P. Matthews, county a-sessor, was born in St. Charles county, 
Missouri, June l'2, 1^1-2. His father, Edmund P., was among the first set- 
tlers of St. Charles county, Missouri, and was a farmer by occupation, and 
was county assessor for St. Charles county for a number of years. He came 
to Pike county in 186-1:, and settled in Ashley township, where he remained 
until his death in ISSl. Edmund P., our subject, was reared on a farm, 
and carried on farming until compelled to quit on account of tailing health. 
In 1S78 he was elected to till the office ot county assessor, when he removed 
to Bowliuii Green. In 18S0 he was re-elected to the same office. He was 
married in St. Charles cuunty, in 1S70, to Miss Mary D. Farrell, daughter 
of H. B. Farrell of that county. They have two children: Clara Belle, and 
James McCluer. Mr. M. is a member of the Kniirhts of Honor. 




• ■ : J .'/ 


I'J'Ji iiistoi:y of riKi:: cdUMT. 

Felix G. 3Iartin, )>ro}n-ietor of Jlendriok JIousc, was borii in the citv 
of Tiv.y, Lincoln county, ^lissouri, August •_', ISoG. His father, 1>. G. 
tin, was born in Yiri^inia, in 1793, and was a hatter by trade. He innni- 
grated to Missouri in IS^o, stoppinp^ in St. Louis two years, then removed 
to Troy, where lie lived several years, and then engaged in fanning. Jlis 
farm being close to to\'.n l-e continued to live there until hi* death in !'>.>,; 
he was a man widely known throughout that i)art of the state. He 'was a 
prominent member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and was greatly 
interested in the advancement of tlie interest of his church, and his hume 
was a home for all tlie ministers iii that part of Missouri. At his death he 
was strong in the Christian faith, and was sincerely mourned by all who 
knew him. His wife's maiden name was Rosanna Flenesy, a native of 
iN'orth Carolina; she died in 1867, after raising a family of nine children, 
four of wdiom are still living. }]. G. ]\[artiri helped to build the first church 
in the city of Troy. He was a skillful manufacture)', and as his manufactures 
were always first class, he had an extensive trade, lie was a man who was 
on very friendly terms with the Indians at an early day, and was often tlieir 
adviser. He would often ride on horseback j-eventy-five or one liundi'ed miles 
to attend a presbytery. 

W. B. 3IePike, cajutalist, is a native of j^Lissouri, born October 16, ISll. 
He is the son of D. H. and Eaehel J. McPike. His father was a native of 
Kentucky, and his mother of Virginia. His father moved to Missouri in 
1S3S, fii'st settling in Marion county, where the subject of this sketch was 
born and raised a farmer. He was educated at Watson Seminary, after 
which be taught school for some time. In the fall of ISSO he moved to 
Bowding Green and engaged in the grain business, which he continues to 
follow. In lS7-i he was married to Miss Anra M. Miller, daughter of Judge 
A. P. Miller of this county. They have one child, Benjamin M. 

CliJirles W. 3Iorris, clerk of the circuit court, is a native of Yirginia, 
born August S. 1840. He spent his youth on a farm until eighteen years 
of age, wlien he went to Lynchburg, where he was employed in a wholesale 
establishment. He came to Missouri in 1S06 and was engaged in book- 
keeping until the fall of 1874, when he was elected to fill the office of cir- 
cuit clerk, and re-elected in the fall of 1S7S. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. 

Ole Peterson, dealer in furniture, is a native of Sweden, and was raised 
and educated in his native country, where he learned tlie trade of cabinet- 
maker. He came to the United States in 1S77. His father died when he 
was four years of age; his mother is still in the old country; he was thrown 


■ \ .li 


on his own rf.-^uurces very early in life. \S''lic-n he came to J^owlinp^ Green 
lit; had only iil»ont twenty dothus; lie worked :'.t his tri^de fur two or three 
years and then tunned a |iartnorsliip with W. Hanson, which continued tor 
iibuut eighteen months, when ]ie bought his [nirtnera interest, since whicli 
time lie has been running alone, and has built up a good trade, with a rep- 
utation tor hdiiesty and fair dealing. JIc is a nieinlier oi the ^lasonic fra- 

(^<'orge W. l\'ay. Tliis gentleman is a native of Virginia, born in Li;u- 

i?a county July 9, lS't2. He lived in his native county until growii to j 
niaidiood. He sj^enL his youth on a farm. "When about sixteen years of 
age he learned the wagon arid carriage making trade, aud followed thi> un- 
til he canic to Missouri in the fall of 183.";, locating in Pike county, where 

he carried on ids trade in the city of Louisiana until tlie breaking out of i • 

the war. In the spring of 1>G3 he moved his family to Bowling Green, i 

where lie engaged in tlic niereantile business and followed tliis until 1877, i 

when he retired tVom busiiiess, since which he has been living, with his ,i 

children. He w:is elected to the office of county treasurer by a laro^e ma- •• 

jority in J S64, serving one term, at tho expiration of which he devoted J 

most of his tiu:ie to the duties in his store. He ^vas married in his nati\c j 

state to Miss Matilda J. Martin, daughter of "William Martin, Esq, They .] 

raised a family of six chi'dren : JJobert W., living in Texas neai- San Antonio; 1 

i'rances, now ]\[rs. A. 1'. ^vliller; Catharine, at"terw;ads Mrs. Anderson, who ^\ 

died in ISSl; dames d.; ^latilda, now Mrs. Vv'illiams, living in Carboiidale, .! 

Illinois; Alary, who died when about fourteen years old; Anna E., now -I 

Mrs. "W. B. Johii-on, who is living in St. Louis. Mr. T.\'ay is a mem- \ 
ber of the Baptist Churcii, having joined in the year 1S20. Hi.-? worthy j 

wife was aUu a laetn'xr (.'f thiC same church. She died in August, 1S70. j 

The old gentleman is in the full enjoyment vt^ all his faculties, his geueral I 

liealth is cood, and he is able to walk around with considerable ease. He '■ . 

• ... . ••! 

IS widely known t!iro\igh this portion of the state, and t(7-day is the old- ^ 

est man living in the city of Bowling Green. J 

Gabriel Phiili})S, county treasurer, is a native of Pike county, Missouri, 1 

born April 12, 1835. His father was a ruUive <A' Kentucky, who imnd- j 

grated to ALssouri in J81S. He was a farmer bv occutiation; and was ■! 

C(junty assessor and judge of the county court: he died in 1805. Our : 
subject, Gabriel, was raised on the farai and educated at the common 

schools. He continued tarming until thirty years old, wlie?) he married i 

Miss Jenriie, daughter of J. B. Bentley, Esq. ^[r. Phillips was elected to I 

the otHce of county treasurer in 1876. 1S78, and 1880. He is a member of i 

i;i '!-^V ■.':! .1; v'''i:'^ ■ ^■)■ •■ •)"'.ii<>?.'T 

,'3 hoc 

■ > iin 
■, I sill 

. ■,,;■! 


/, 'It' 



the Masonic iViitornity, in \vli!c;li order he held the position of worshi})t"uI 
master I'or eoino tnne. , - 

VoIlK'V Pu.i^'li is tbrL-maii of" the dry goods cstablislimcnt of WorthinLc- 
ton S: Co. lie is a native of I^fissouri, born in Pike county, in the vein 
1S53, and was reared and educated in the city of Bowling- Green. Wheu 
about eigliteon years of age he accepted a clerkship with B. 1^ lleynolds, 
a merchant of the place, and was in his employ for several years. After- 
wards, for a while, he was varionsljv eni.';agod until lie accojited his present 
position. In ISSO he was in Louisiana, then in Hannibal, Init finally came 
to Bowling Gi'cen in October, ISSl, and tool: charge of Mr. Worth.ingtori's 
establishment, lie is a member of the order of Ivnight.=^ of Pythias and also 
a Good Templar. 

Andrew J. Puji,']i. carriage and wagon manufacturer, was born in Hali- 
fax county, Virginia, in October, 183i. He came with his paren.ts to Mis- 
souri. His father, Joseph I'ngh, was born and raised in the same county, 
and was a farmer by occu])atiou. His wife was Henrietta, daughter of John 
Mill, of Virginia. He immigrated to Missouri in 1830, coming all the way 
through in a wagon. He first stopped at St. Charles city some eighteen 
months, and then moved his family to Bowling Green, and kept wliat was 
known at that day as the Pike Tavern, which was the principal stopping- 
place for that part of the country at that time. He died in 1S77, and 
wife in 1880. Andrew J., the subject of our sketch, spent his boyhood 
days upon the farm, after his father left the tavern and returned to farming. 
AYhen about eighteen years of age he began his apprenticeship with John L. 
Kowlin in the wagon-making business, with whom he stayed t^vo years. He 
then came to Bowling Green, in 1S54-, and engaged v:ll\i the firm of Pen ifc 
Hawkins, carriage and wagon manulacturers, ai:d worked for that firm four 
years. He then was employed by Richards & Ivenke in their plow factory 
for one year. Hi 1859 he went to Louisiana and worked in a plow factory 
until the breakincr out of the war in 1861. He was one of the first ten men 
sworn in of the liorae guards, then rmder the control of Governor Gamble. 
After the expiration of his term in 1802, he engaged in farming for three 
years; then went to Louisiana and agaiu worked at Jiis old trade until 18G6, 
when he moved to Bowling Green and established his presen.t business of 
carria^re and uairun manufacturine:. He was married in this countv in 
1856, to Miss Susanna M., daughter of Jemima Gibbs, one of the early set- 
tlers. They have five children : S. E., Charles Y., Cortis N., Etta May, and 
Clyde B. Mr. P. and his wife are members of the Baptist Church. 

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Sfinmel K. Pu^"h, jeweler, succcsi3or to L. Uasscll. lie is a native of 
tin's county, aud the eldest son of A, J. and Susan M. Pu^^li. lie leurncd 
the jeweler's trade, comnjcncing at the aj^e of twelve years, in this city, 
which business lie has followed for about fourteen years. In 18S2 he en- 
I^Mfjcd in his present business. He keeps the principal store of the place, 
lie is a member of tlie Kui'^dits of Ty thias and a Good Tein}>lar. 

Jtinies G. Heeds, public administrator, was born in Lincoln county, in 
lSr)3, and reared on a farm. He was edacated at tlie Christian Institute 
and the State University. At the latter place he attended the law school 
and was admitted to practice in 1877, and regularly entered into practice 
in 1S81. In ISSO he was elected to the oftiee of public administrator, 
which position he now holds. He carae to Pike county in 187-. Previous 
to his election he was enoraged ir) teaching school. His father, Jaaies H. 
lieeds, moved to this county in 1870, and is still a resident. 

James W. Rodjt^'ers, physician and surgeon. The subject of this sketch 
was born in tlie town of Bowling Green May 19, 184:4-. His father, Jesse 
G. Iiodgers, came to this county M'hcn about thirteen years of age. He was 
boi-n in Kentucky. His mother came to this county with her parents, when 
a little girl, from Bowling Green, Kentucky. His mother is living in 
Montgomery county, this state. His died in July, 1871. He had 
been deputy clerk of all the courts in the county and served for soine time i 

as deputy sheriff. When our subject was about six months old his parents ] 

moved to Audrain county, Missouri, where he resided until 1SG2, when he , 

went into the army, and was in the service four years. He held a conimand ' 

most of the time in a colored regiment, Sixth Heavy Artillery, and also did 
adjutant's duty for nearly one year. He was mustered out in May, 1866. 
Soon after returning home he conjmenced the study of medicine with Dr. 
S. J. Peynolds, an old and prominent pliysician of Bowling Green, taking j 

two cojLirses of lectures at the St. Louis Medical College, graduating March I 

0, 1870. Ileturning to Bowling Green and looking around for a location ! 

he chose a place called Longlleet. The country was sparsely settled and 
people seldom got sick, so the doctor was not long in making u}) liis mind 
to quit the place. He then came back to Bowling Green. In 1870 he 
went to Guthrie county, Iowa, where he remained until April, 1875, when 
he returned to Bowling Green and formed a partnership with his old tutor. 
He has been twice married; first to Miss Mary E. Reynolds, daughter of B. 
B. Reynolds, of this place; she died in September, 1875. He married for 
his second wife ^Miss Cornelia McMillen, daughter of Samuel McMilien. 

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lie is n. iKietnber of tlie Masonic iVaternity, and also ol' the A. O. U. W. and 
Kni^iflits of Honor. • ' . 

WilliaiU J. Jlowley, edacator, is a native ot Pilce count), Missouri, 
born x\ugust IS, 1S56, His father, Jaboz E. llowley, was born in this 
county, but when al")ont three years of age Nvas taken to Illinois, where he 
was rai>ed, received liis education, and continued to reside until about 
twenty-five years of age, when he was tnyrried to ■Nliss Cornelia Tribble, of 
Pike connty, Missouri; lier parents came from Yirgijiia and were among 
the early settlers in this part of the state. Soon after niarrying Mr. J, E, J 

Kowley located in Louisiana, where he still resides. Our subject, W. J. 
liowley, was reared and educated i7i tlie city of Louisiana, and is a graduate 
of the high school of that place, of the class of 1ST5. Since that time he 
has turned his attention to teaching, and is now prii\cipal of the Bowling 
Green public schools. 

Thomas C Saiiell, county collector. This gentleman was born in An- 
drew county, Kentucky, January Iti, 1S40. His father, Jacob Saftell, w;is 
originally fiom Kentucky. Imniigi-ating to Missouri in ISi-t. he settled in 
Kails county, where he remained until his death, which occurred in 1S52. 
His niother, who was also from Kentucky, died in 1874. Thomas, our sub- 
ject, who was the second son, was reared on a farm, and at the death of his 
ifither, his niother lieing left with limited means, the youth was early in life 
thrown on his own responsibility. When about fourteen years of ago be 
hired out to learn the blacksraitli trade, and worked during the winter and 
farmed during the summer, and assisted his mother in caring for her 
large family. He and his mother moved to Bowling Green in the tall of 
1854. He was ele^^ted to the otMce of justice of the peace, while in his shop, 
at the general election of 1870, and has held tlie office continuously mUil 
elected county collector in the fall of L878; he was re-elected to the latter 
ofiice in the fall of 188W. He is a prominent member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, and also a member of the Knights of flonor. He was married to Miss 
Virginia F. Kirtley, daughter of E. L. Kirtley, E.-q., of Frankford, this 
county. They have three daughters: Julia A., Mattie K., and Willie. 
Mr. Saflell and his wife are members of the Christian Church. 

John E. Sillulci'SOn, merchant, is a native of Virginia, born in Bedford 
county, in ls*J2. His father, J. E. Sanderson, was also a native of Virginia, 
but was of Scutch descent; I'.e died in 1833. His mother was a native ot 
the same state; she die<l in 1857. Our subject was reared and educated in 
his native st;ite. "When al)0Ut twenty-twu years of a:i-e he commenced clerk- 
ing for Davies, Logwood A'. Co., which he continued for seven years, and 

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l:l001JAPinCAT. SKETCHES. 707 

then embarked in business for himself, which he oontiimed for a rintriber of 
vcars, until the breakinijf out of the civil war, wlien \ic lost a largo aiuoiiiit 
of his pu>nerry. lie had Al(i,000 deposited in a bank, wliich was totally 
lost, lie served four years in the Confederate army, liaving entered the 
>:erviee in ISGi, and cuntiuu5d initil the surrender in 1S05. After the war 
he wont to Baltimore, bought goods on credit, and commenced business 
a-^ain, locating in ]>edford county, where he remained for three years a!id a 
half. In ISoO he went to St. Louis, where he stop])e«l for five years, for the 
purpose of eJucating his children. In 1874 he came to Bowling Green and 
opened a dry goods store, and soon after a hotel, running both some five 
years, when he disposed of the hotel business, continuing in the dry goods 
trade. Ho married, in iS~f2, Miss Kate Thompson.^ 'I'licy have reared a 
family of eight children, all living, six daughters and two sons. IJis wife 
died at St. Louis in 1873. Mr. S. is a member of the Baptist Church, and 
also of the An.erican L':'gion of Honor. 

WiJliain J. Sheplierd, postmaster at Bowling Green, is a native of this 
state, born in Sej^tember, 1846. His fitlier, John II. Shepherd, and his mother, 
whose maiden name was Elizabeth Caldwell, were both natives of Kentucky. 
His father, who was a farmer, died in 1SS1 ;' his mother is still living. Our 
subject was reared on his father's farm until eighteen years of age; he then 
took a trip to California, ]-eturning in 18t)6. After returning he was vari- 
ously engaged upto the tinie of receiving the api)oiniment of postmaster in 
February, 18S2. He served as deputy sheriff from 1871- to 1878. 

Dr. Nathan Shumate. Prominent amon^- the members of the M. E. 
Church of the state is Dr. Shumate. Few, indeed, have had a career so 
eventful, or have served so etiicieutly. Though he took an active part dur- 
ing the vrar, and represented the norcliern element of the church as far as 
political proclivities are concerned, he has to-day the indorsement of both 
wintTS of the church and all political parties as a vigorous defender of the 
truth as ho understands it. In short his puljnt ability, his purity of m.otives, 
and his liberal principles are universally conceded. lie is a native of Ken- 
tucky, and was born December 23, 1820, about thirty miles from the city of 
Louisville. Wlule his early education was such as his native county could 
furnish him, his academic training was provided for iiim in Louisville. 
After completing course of study at this place he entered the ministry 
in the state of Indiana in the year 16i5, and traveled as an itinerant: for 
eight years wdien he was transferred to the Missouri conference (1853), 
commencing his ministry in the city of Hannibal. Here he served two 
years when he became pastor of a church in St. Louis and served two years 


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lIi?'j'OKY OF riKi: COUNTY. 

more. At the expirarion of tliis terui of service he was promoted to tluj. 
oiSice of elde?', in whicli capncify lie remaitied for a period of six- 
teen years. Ol' tlils tipne, tbiii- yours were spent in the St. j.'jp.i> district, ci<.;ht 
years in that of jlannibal, and four in tliat of Jefferson City. Afterwards 
he served one year as pastor of the charge at Mexico, Missouri. lie also 
served one year as agent of Lewis College, Glasgisw, Missouri. In 1881 he 
was pastor of the church at Ccntralia. Aside from these more regiikir ser- 
vices he liad the honor of representing his church as delegate to the general 
conference for four terms from 1860 to 1S72 consecutively. Daring the war 
he served as cha]tlain in the army for two years and also chaplain in the leg- 
islature for the same period. The degree of D. D. v.'as conferred upon iiim 
by McKendrc College in 1873. His marriage occurred June 22, 1842, when 
he was united to Miss 11. P^ellows, daughter of Col. Levi Fellows of 
Greene county, Indiana. The fruit of this union has been si\ children. His 
eldest SOD, L. II. Shumate, is a prominent tiivine of Duluth, Minnesota. One 
of tlie daughters, Jessie M., is now a mubic teacher in New Florence, Mis- 
souri. At tliis time Dr. Shumate is serving the people of Bowling Greeu 
.as pastor, having titsumed pastoral charge in April, 1882. As a preacher he is 
remarkable for the clearness of his thinking and the correctness of his ex- 
pressions. Eeing a model of self-possession, he has the happy faculty of 
putting his ever attentive audiences at perfect ease while treating them to 
his feasts of reason. Already his name has gone into history, as the annals 
of his church show, so that he needs not this feeble sketch to perpetuate his 

Wni. J. Sissoil is a native of Virginia, born in Fauquier county, August 
2, 1822. Ills father John Sisson, was also a Virginian, and was a soldier in 
the War of 1812. He was married in 1818 to Miss Folly Strawther, daugh- 
ter of Louis Strawther of the same county and state; he left his native state 
in September, and came all the way to Missouri in a wagon dravvn bv 
five liorscs, brin^ins: a cai-ryall, which was then considered a fine rig. lie 
landed at ln)wling Green in November 28, 1838, and camped near the old 
stone hotel. He lived in Fowling Green two years and then moved on 
a farm near Asldey where he continued to live until his death in 1845. He 
reared a family of nine children, of which our subject is the second son. 
William J. was reared and educated in the town of Fowling Greeu; he 
learned the cardiuij trade and ran a cardin^r machine for some vears, then went 
to Californux, v.dierehe remained five years, and then returned and was mar- 
ried to Miss E. E. Ivnaddler, daughter of Murrav Knaddler, of this county, in 
1855. They have one daughter, Elizabetli. now Mrs. John C. Bigga. He pur- 

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j:h;iae(l u tnill near A>]iley, in lSr>r), which he solcl soon after, and purchased 
jiiiothcr mill in Ashley which was burned in 1S7S, when owned by Sis!?on 
i.^' Iiii?tcll. JIc then came to J^owlinsr Gree;:, and bon;:ht the mill of Mr. 
McAlister, in partnership with the Messrs. Allen Brothers, Tliey have re- 
modeled the mill, adding new machinery ; it is the only mill in the town, 
lie is a member of the Old School Presbyterian Church, and a member oi" 
the Masonic fraternity, being a Knight Templar. 

C. 31. Smith, former and stock-raiser, post-office Cyrene. Prominent 
among the farmers of South Criivre is the subject of this sketcli, who is a 
native of liiinois. lie was born in Jerseyvillc, Jen-ey county, Illinois, May 
28, IS:}:!, son of John M. and Temi)Granec (I^avis) Smith. His father was 
a native of Xew Jersey, and liis mother a native of Carolina. His 
early life was spent at Jerscyville, \^here ho received his education, and 
where he resided until he arrived at the age of manhood, lie was married 
in September, IbGl, to Mi.-s T. I. Soarl, of jN\'w Hampton, Massachusetts. 
He was married the second time to Sarah A. Kingston, of Illinois. They 
are the parents of six children: John M., W. K., Grace B., C. D., George D., 
and Maud I. Mr. Smith has one of the best stock farms in the county. It 
contains 5S0 acres of land under a high state of cultivation^, and well im- 
proved, adjoining Cyrene. He is extensively engaged in stock-raising and 
feeding. He came to this township in the fall of 1S71, where he has since re- 
sided;' he is a man of good judgment, and a successful business man in every 
sense of the word. 

Joe Tapley, attorney, was born in Halls county, Missouri, in 1S56. 
His father, Valentine Tapley, is also a native of this state. Our subject's 
grandfather, JosejJi D. Tapley, was a native of North Carolina, and immi- 
grated to Missouri in ISIS, settling in the territory that is now Spencer 
township, where he accumulated a considerable amount of property, and 
died in IS-iO, leaving a large estate. Tlie father of our subject is a tanner 
and stock dealer, on an extensive scale, and is tlie possessor of a large landed 
estate; his mother is a daughter of Benjamin Kobinson, Esq. His parents 
only raised two children: one daugliter, Hebecca, who married Mitchel 
Sheen, and died in 1S79, and our subject who is the only child living. Mr. 
Joe Tapley was reared in Spencer township this county, receiving his ed- 
ucation in the common schools, and the State University at Columbia, 
where he graduated in his academic course in 1S79, and in the law 
department in ISSl. He tlien came to Bowling Green and began the prac- 
tice of his profession, and has already attained a lucrative practice. 

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1). E. S. Taylor, furnun- and stock dealer, and postmaster of Cyreno, 
Anjoiipr those who liave Ions; been identified witli Caivre township, who arc 
well known and worthy ol" notice, is tlie euhjoct of our sketch. Ilt>. w;i^; 
born in "Warren county, Kentucky, February J 5,1830; sun of Smith Taylor 
and Catharine B. (Smith) Taylor. When he was three years old his parents 
came to Pike county, settlin;; in Cuivre township, where our subject's early 
life was spent in ass'Stin^- on his father's fai'm and attending school. ] le wus 
married l^oveniber 7, 3b.-)j, to ]Miss Elizabeth Jordan, daughter of J as. A. 
Jordan of ButTalo townshi]). Mr. Taylor is the owner of a tine farm of 300 
acres of as good land as Tike county afibrds, besides being much interested 
iu Cyrenc, Jiaving some eighty lots in that new town. He is a member of tiie 
Masonic order, a member from Master to Sir Ivnight. and a uorthy mem- 
ber of tiie Cumberland Presbyterian Church. He was appointed postmas- 
ter of Cyreiie in A]n-il, ISTO, He was member of the Grange, having been 
delegate from this county to the state coiivention. He is a mar; of good busi- 
ness qualities, of broad views, and is social in his manner. By his fair and 
honorable dealings has won for himself many fj-iends. 

Robd't W. Unsell, recorder of deeds, is a imtive of J'ikc county, Mis- 
souri, born June 30, ISoO. His father. Dr. William B. I'nsell, was also a 
native ol" this county. His grandfathei-, James Unsell, came to this state in 
ISIS. Kobert's father who was a prominent physician and enjoyed a iai-ge 
practice, died when the subject of this sketch was quite a small bo}-. His 
mother, who was a native of Lincoln comity, was the daughter of James 
Pattcui, Esq. Robert W. was principally raised by his grandfather, w!io 
lived in the country. He obtained most of his education when at home, 
but afterwards attended the Baptist College. When about sixteen years of 
age he lost his right arm, which was torn oif by a threshing machine. 

David W. Ward, of the firm of Ward it Gibbs, livery, is a native of 
Ohio, l>orn in Fairtield cuunty in 1848. When he was about fourtecTi years 
old his parents moved tu Pickaway county. In 1867 he came to Missouri 
and located in Pike county. When he landed iu this county liis all 
amounted to $2.50. but his industrious habits soon found him employment. 
He worked first for eighteen dollars per month, and then for 82.jO per year, 
for forty months, feeding cattle. He studied of nights and in the winter 
of 1873 attended the hijih school; he then eniraofed in teaching' school for 
two terms, and then was employed as clerk in a stove store. After this he 
engaged in business for liimself in Xew Harttord, this county, for three 
years. Disposing of this business he then enofaged in the livery business 
at Bowlitig Green, where he is still to be found. He was married, in 1876. 


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to .Miss Anna ll^pka, a native of Sr. Lc)uij4. Tlioy have two cliil'lrpii livinij: 
Meliip jMav and ^lertie G. j\[r. W. is a nieinhcr of the Afusonic trateniity 
and of the Knights of Honor. # 

Ferdiiunnl Wi'iiklc, eloik of tlie circuit court, rxiwIinL!; Green. Mr. 
Wcnkle served Pike county as prohate clerk for over ten years, and in tlie 
fall of J 882 he was elected to the ollicc of clerk of the circiiit court, having 
no ojiposition cither in tiie ]»riniar3' or the <:^eneral elccti'in. 

WilliuiU P. While, pro])ficiur of the Southern llolcl. He i.-^ a native of 
Yirti^inia, and was horn hi JJedfovd county, near Lynchburg, in 1840. Ilis 
father died in Virginia when William P. was a mere infant, and he lived 
with his relatives until foniteen years of ago, wlien he came to Missouri and 
was entjiloyed on a fartn, and wiien jihout twenty-three years of age he mar- 
Tied Miss Minerva Ware, datighter of Eobert and Nancy Ware. Her fatlier | 
Avas one of the first settlers of this state; he came from Kentucky, and was I 
born in 1802 and died September -i, 1S7S. Her mother died December 4, j 
ISSl, and was a native of Kentucky. MV. White has a family of six chil- ! 
drcn, four girls and two boys. Air. Wh.ite is a mild and inoffensive num, 
much loved and resi)ected by his neighbors. ■ 

Charles F. AMPicford. tobacconist. He is a nati\e of, born 
in January, 1850: came to this countv with his ])arents, who are natives cA \ 

Kentucky, Vvdiile an infant. He was reared and edu.cated in tJiis county, j 

receivino; the benefits of the high school. His iirst business was m the ', 

manufacture of tobacco -^vith his father. Isaac AYilleford. Soon after en- j 

gaging in business he became extensively known throughout this part of i 

Missouri, having been the first to start a factory in this place, and still con- i 

tir.ues the business, his father dying in J 881. The mother of the subject ; 

of our sketch is still living, her maiden name being Xancv P>aker. Charles | 

P. embarked in mercantile business in the fall ot 18b <, continuing two j 

years. Disposing of this, he engaged in the manufacture of tobacco, whicli j 

is his ]>resent business. He was married to Miss K. Armill, of Pleasant j 

Hill, Illinois, in 1880. Mr. Willeford is a {)rominent member of the Odd I 

Fellows. He is a stockholder in the Bowling Green Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of which he is the business manager. 

Wilson C. Williuius, of Bowling Green, was born in Pike .county, Mis- 
souri, on a very sacred spot called "Barnett Hill," July 23, 1829. His | 
father, George Williams, was a native of Virginia. His mother, whose I 
niaideti name was Alary Jones, was born in Jventucky. George Williams 
went from A'irginia to iCcntin ky in a very early day, in which state he was j 
married and soon after immigrated to Afissouri in the year lS2o, opening I 


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and settling on the iVtrm now owned by W. A. McQuio, on which lie 
resided for many years. In 184") he removed with his family to Indian 
township, this Ci)unty, and pettled on a farm and died two years later, 
having re!in;d a family of nine children, all living to be grown and 
live of whom still survive. W. C. Williams, our Gubjeot, spent his boy- 
hood days on the farm. His school advantages were of a- rural character, 
and tlic surroundings u'ere anything but attractive, but his schoul-days wei-e 
perhaps the happiest oi' his life. Jt^ tlus counlry school he acquired a suffi- 
cient knowledfre to teacti. BeLdnnini'' his career as a teacher he continued 
to fellow his chosen avcscation, with a few exceptions, for twenty years. 
The first political otiice to which Mr. Williams was elected was that of 
county assessor in 1*<.54. which, office l)o iilled with mucli credit to himself 
and satisfiictioH to Ids constituents. In ISTO he was elected to hll the otiice 
of recorder of deeds and lield this oftice continuously for a period of eight 
years. Ivetiring from otilce he was variously eiigaged. In the spring of 
1883 he opened an oliice and engaged in the real estate and abstract busi- 
ness, and in connection with this acts as notar}' public. He has never mar- 
ried, pireferring a life oi' single blessedness. Although his head is frosted 
by many winters, he is not in the least soured, and is a social, genial gen- 
tleman. ^ ■ . - 

IJeiijaiiiiii F. Wilson is a native of Ohio, born in Zanesville, Ohio, in 
1849. When about eight years old he moved with his parents to Tazewell 
county, Illinois, where he resided until 1872, when he came to Bowling 
Green, J^dissouri, where he has resided ever since, in charge of the railroad 
office of the Cliicago, Alton & St. Louis Hailroad, and held the position for 
ten years, resignirig to accept tlie position of assistant general freight and 
ticket agent of the St. Louis, Hainiibal Oi: Keokuk Eailroad. He was mar- 
ried in 1876 to Miss Lizzy Murray, daughter of Judge Murray. They have 
one daughter, Dilla. 

John R. Wise, druggist, P'owling Green. This gentleman is a native of 
Kentucky, born January 1, 1832. He came to Pike county, Missouri, with 
his parents in 1812. His father, ^^''illiam Wise, was originally from Mary- 
land; his mother, whose maiden name was Eliza Berkey, is a native of Iven- 
tucky. His father settled in Lincoln county, this state, where he lived until 
he removed to Louisiana in 1845; in 1855 he came to Bowling Green where 
he lived until 18,57, and then went to Audrain county, where he died in 
188(h The m(»ther is living with oui' subject, John 11., who has resided in 
Pike countv ever siiice 1855, where l.e acouired a good common school ed- 
ucation. His first experience in mercantile business was clerking in his 


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lather's store. When bis father left here for Audrain our subject embarked 
in business for himself for oue venr; he then erip:fi£;cd as clerk in Dr. Wil- 
linui l^olton's di'us^ store, holdino^ this position until ISiii, when he bou^^ht 
out Dr. Bolton's stock, and has been actively en:^ap;ed in the drui/ business 
ever since, liis being the oldest establishment of the kind in the city. He 
married Miss Gabrielle Edison, daughter of II. 1). J'^disoii, one of the early 
eettlers of this county. They have Ihe chlldre;i, three gii-ls and t«'o boys. 
Mr, Wise is a prominent Mason, and also a member of the Knights of 
Honor. He has been a member of the Baptist Church ever since he was 
sixteen years of age. 

IvObert H. Wrigjit i-^ a native of Virgirjia, born in ijedford county, 
Ocotber 27, ISoU. ^Vhen a small l;»oy lie came to Missouri v;ith his parents. 
His father, William Wright, and his mother were both natives of Virgiiiia. 
The}' raised a family of six children. They came to Pike county in 184G; j 

he v/as a farmer; he died in 1S59. Ilobert 11. , our subject, was raised and j 

educated in Pike county. When grown to manhood he engaged in farm- i 

ing for a short time, and then went into mercantile business. He was • | 
elected judge and held the office four jears, and held the appointment of ; 

notary })ublic four years. In 1871 he was ap})ointed by President Grant j 

postmaster at Prairievillc, running this in connection with his store. In j 

1874 he was appointed deputy sheriiV, and resign.ed his commission as post- \ 

master. In 1870 he was elected county collector, servin.g one term. Since j 

the expiration of his term of office he has been engaged in farming, and is i 

a stockholder in the jjowling Green Tobacco Manufacturing Company. He J 

owns a fcjrm of 360 acres in Prairieville township. He v/as married in ] 

ISSl, Mr. Wright is a member of the Alasonic fraternity. \ 


■ - 

John Aljpleloil, farmer and stock dealer, post-ofhce Bowling Green, is a \ 

native of Virginia, born iii Mason county May 16, 1S2S. He moved to | 

Missouri in 1871. Mr. Appleton is one of the representative men of his j 

neighborhood; as a farmer he has few superiors. He was raised in his na- 
tive county and was an overseer for twenty years in the time of slavery. j 
His father, Edward Appleton, was an extensive land and slave-holder, | 
Since coming to Missouri Mr, Appleton has been one of the live nien of i 
the state; he takes great interest in the breeding of Short-Horn cattle and j 
iri the improvement of stock generally. His fine farm is mostly sown to 
grass, on which he pastures his fine cattle. He feeds all of his corn atid 
hay on his farm and drives it to market. He ships about ten car loads of 

. .--^ 

.'. Jr'.' -, Ml <t. 


i •' 




cattle annuallv. His farm con&ists of about three hundred and five acrc;i of 
very choice land, always kept in fine condition, flis house and ont-hiiild. 
ings arc models of eoii\ enienee. i\lr. A]^j>ieton was married in ISGl to Mis.-; 
Emily E. Edwards, of Portsmontli, Ohio, daughter of Oneis Edwards, a 
Virginian by birtli. They liave two children: William A. and Jolm K. 
Mr. A]^])leion is a member of the I. O. O. F., and Mrs. Appleton i? a mem- 
ber of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. • ^ 

Matthew 11. Big'A'"^ i^^ -^ nati\c of this state, born July 25, 1S32. JTi> 
father, William Bigp's, N\as a native of Virginia, born March 20, 178S, ]le 
went fiom Virginia to Kentucky, and from there immigrated to ^Ii?S')uri 
in IS] 7 and settled on liamsey Creek, where be lived one year and then 
moved to J'eiio ('.;i the farm now owned by our subjcc!:, wlierc he purchased 
five huiKlred acres of land, and besides this he owned lands in different 
parts of the state. He was elected to represent his county in the state leg- 
islature from St. C.'hartes county, and also served in the state senate for 
tliree years. The motlier of or.r subject v.-as Elizabeth, daughter of John 
McCune, and was manied in Kentucky in ISIO. They raised a family of 
twelve children, all living to be grown men and women. Ife died April 
15, ISiT, at the age of sixty years; the mother died July 11, 1S7S. in her 
eighty-third year, hej' miini unim[)aired to the day of her death. Mattiiew 
R. was reared on the old homestead and educated, in part, in the district 
school, but attended Woods's Seminary at Louisiana for two yeai's. He then 
returned to his home and lived with his mother until her death, taking 
charge of the farm. He was married in 1S52 to iliss Catharine A. Scovel. 
of Monroe county, this state. They have eleven children, six boys and five 
girls, three of them still living, one in Colorado in the stock business. Mr. 
Biggs is one of the successful wlieat raisers; he also gives much attention 
to raising good stock. ■ ' ■ ' • 

A. C. Blli'k.s. Among those who have long been identified vrith the in- 
terests of Pike county is the subject of this sketch, who is a native of Am- 
herst county, Virginia. He was born May 7, ISlO, and is the son of Wil- 
liam and 2Sancy (Gillum) Burks. Being left an orphan when very young, 
he was reared and educated by his giandmothcr Cillum, who gave him a 
good education for those days. When he was eighteen years of age he 
commenced to tearh school, following teaching for several years with good 
success. In ISll lie arrived in Pike county, coming the entire way on 
horseback. Our subject taught school in the Xorton district for sotne four 
years, giviiig unanimo'is satisfaction. He followed leaching until 1875. 
He never had to solicit a school; they were always otlered to him. Many 

■'M'. (<i Ya'VtIII 

. f * ' 111 A • 

V ;.- ... , 

; ./ 





of liis pupils ]iMvc since filled ]iositioiis of tni?t raid lioiior. lie wns njunicd 
in March, jS43, to Isivliella M. lUtyd, of this county, 'ihey were the parents 
v.}' !iix children, five sons living: Thomas A., Uobcrt 1*., Francis A. (de- 
ceased), Aaron MePike, William Forlcr, and James Campbell, wlio are 
twins. ^h\ lUirks is the owner of 145 acres of good land, well improved. 
Ife is a member of the Cuniborland J^resbyterian Chiirch. lie is a genial 
man and has many frien.ds in Pike county. ' -i 

A. Bradbury, ju/st-ofiico Fowling Green, farmer and stock-raiser. ; 

Among the enterprising men of Cuivre township noted for their ■ 

tlirift and enterprise is the subject of this sketch, who is a native of Fike j 

county, Illinois. He was born April 22. 1S?>~, and is the soii of Fcmuel ) 

and Lydia (Lepther) Fradbury. IJe was reared a fiirmer, and received his j 

education in Pike county. Illinois. lie was married February 15, 18G5, to j 

Mary Tcdson, 01 Pike county, Illinois, a young lady of culture and refine- j 

:nent, -who makes his home pleasant. ]]y fliis union there lias been luur l 

children: £. Eoss, Fydia Ivey, Lizzie, and Ora Maud. Mr. Bradbury is a 1 
member of the Legion of Honor, Bowling Green Lodge Xo. 43, and a 

worthy memb'Cr of th.e Cuiul.erland Presbyterian Church. He is tlie owner ■] 

of one of the best farms in Cuivre townslii]», consisting of 175 acres, umler ^ 

a high state of cultivation, with a tine residence, two stories, l()x32, built in I 

niodern style, and furnished in a maniier that slio\vs the culture of the lam- 5 

iiy. He has a good barn. 80x32, that is an ornament to any farm, and -j 

everything about the place shows the thrift, industry, and taste of its owijcr. | 

J. B. Carver, post-ofBce Bowling Green. xVmong the ejiterprising and i 

successful farmers and stock-raisers of Cuivre township is tlie subject ot J 


this sketch, who is a native uf ]\Iissouri. He was born in Fialls county, j 

in March, 1S30; he is the sun of Thornbei'iy and Catharine (Fayliss) Carver, 
who were natives of Fauquier county, A'^iiginia, and who settled in Falls 
county in 1S3T, where they resided some three years, and then came to Pike - 
county. OiM' subject was reared on a farm and received his cducf>.tion in 
the common scliools. He was marric<l in Xovember, 1S04, to Miss Lizzie 
Unsell, dau;^hter of Josej.h Fnsell, deceased, of this county. This union 
has been blessed with three children: Ida Fra. ]\Iaud E., and Lnelia. Mr. 
Carver is the owner uf one of the best farms in the township, which con- 
tains 310 acres, and which is well ada]tfed for stock. His farm is well im- 
proved. He lias a fiiie two-story residence, and a good barn thirty-twu by 
forty-two feet, with si.\teen-luot posts, which is planned and built in a man- 
ner that is verv convenient for stock, in which Mr. Carver is quite e.\ten- 

I ■' t '..■<■ 

■■ .lilt'};:: 

I ' 



sivelj dealing. He is a pioiTiincnt nu-iuber of the Baptist Oiinrch, uuu j- 
considered among tlic host citizens oi'tlie township. 

Win. IT. Carver, fanner and stoch-rai.ser, post-office Bowling Green. 'I'lie 
subject of this sketch is a native of Fauqnier county, Virginia. He 
born December 24, J 832, and is a son of Thornberry and Catharine (BayliiS) 
Carver, natives of A^irginia. In the fall of 1837 his parents came to ^lis- 
Bouri, locating in Kails cunntv, where they resided nntil the sj)ring oi' 1841, 
when they came to Pike county, settling northwest of Bowling Greoti. 
Our subject's earh' life was spent in working on the farm and attending the 
district schools and Watson Seminary, at Ashley, after which he taught 
school for several years witli good success. He was married January V2, 
1860, to ALiss Emily Ogle, daughter of Adrian and Mary Ogle, early settlers 
of Spencer townshi]>. They are the parents of four cliildren, three sons and 
a daughter: Homer T., Eugene, Ova, and Laura May. ALr. Carver has a gof>d 
farm of about lOl' aci-cs. He is engaged iii general larn)ing and stock-rais- 
ing. He was elected constable in 1860, and was deputy sheriff under M. 
Arthur for some two years. He and v/ij'e are worthy members of the Alis- 
sionary Baptist Church. Pie is given to hospitality and is frank and social 
in his n^auTiers. 

Reuben H. Carver. The subject of this sketch is a son of the late Keu- 
ben Carver, a native of A'irginia, but was among the pioneers of Pike 
county. Our subject was born September 22, 1830, and at the age of ten 
years came with his parents to this county, where he has since made his 
home. He was married Alay 22, 1855, to Miss ]Mary C. Pobnett, of Boone 
county, Alissouri. To them have been born ten children, of whom nine 
Etill survive: Warren W., Pleasant P., Katie H., Arthur D., Clara W., Liz- 
zie H., Cora B., Addie P., and Stella. He is a member of the A. F. & A. M. 

Jollll P>. Dunbar, farmer, post-oflice Bowling Green, is a native of Ken- 
tucky, born February 12, 1830. Thomas Dunbar, his father, who was als<.» a 
native of Kentucky, came to Alissouri in 1835, and to Pike couutv in 1836. 
His wife's maiden name was Elizabeth Aliller, sister of Judge A. P. Aliller. 
Thonuis Dunbar settled two miles west of Bowling Green, on laud entered 
from the governinent. He was born in "March, 1804. and died -in Jujv, 
1874-, his wife dying in 1843. Our subject, John B., is the only child of 
the marriage named above. He was reared in Pike county, receiving his 
education in the Bowling Green Seminary. On arriving at manhood he de- 
voted his time princi]^'^.l]y to farniiTig and teaching school. He has been 
twice married; tirst, to Elizabth Frier, by whom he has one son, Thomas 
M. His wife dying he was again married in 1860, to Lucy B. Brown, 

«? > '(•.:>> IH 

)»« i:i--Ci; JiTi r II', . » f . j !)l 

•i • / ii; 

I ■ • : I ' 'y 



(jaii'-'liter of T, AV. r4nd Lucy !*>. Brown. Tliey have six cliildren: Lizzie, 
Annio, Dick, ]\[ollie, Eva, and Aaola B. Mr. D. has held the positi;)n of 
deputy collector, and deputy assessor, and justice of the peace. Ue united 
with tlic Baptist Church at Pisgah in 1850; IVlrs. D, is also a member of 
the same church, lie In a meniber of the Masonic fraternity and of the 
Lei^ion of Honor. He iDOved to his ]>resent place of residence in 18G1, 
where he owns 255 acres of valuable land, with 205 acres in a hi|;h state of 
cultivation. Pie has a good house, with other improvements to correspond. 

William W. Fisher (deceased), \vas a native of Kentiichy, born in Mer- 
cer county May 28, 1808; he spent his boyhood days on a farm and came 
to Missouri witli his parents in 1S29. His father settled near Kew London 
in Balls county, where he continued to reside until 18iS, when he moved 
to Bike county. He was luarried to Miss Electa Watson, daughter of James 
Watson, who was a native of South Carolina and imrairrrated to Missouri 
ill ISll; he built the first log cabin in Louisiana. !Mrs. Fisher well re - 
Diembers the first steamboat that ever landed at Louisiana; it was named 
the Bilot, and landed tiiere in August, 1815. Mrs. Fisher remembers 
when the Indians were numerous in this part of the country. Her grand- 
father, Capt. John l^arker, was a captain in the Revolutionary War. Wil- 
liam W. Fisher was a farmer and stock-raiser; lie moved to the farm which 
is now the old homestead in May, 1851:, where he continued to reside until 
the time of death which occurred on the 9th of January, 1882, in his 
seventy-fourth year. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher raised a family of six children, 
five of whom are still living: Eliza Jane, died in 1876; James L., Bur- 
nett- W.; Sarah E., now Mrs. Campbell; Joseph A., now in Texas; and 
John D. Mr. Fisher was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church., of which Mrs. Fisher is also a member. Tlie I'ishcr homestead 
consists of two hundi-ed and fifty-five acres of excellent land, all finely im- 
proved and in pasture, with good buildings and all the conveniences ai)per- 
taining to a substantia! honae. 

H. C. Gibbs, post-office Cyrene. The subject of this sketch is a native of 
Bedford county, Yirsrinia. He was born October 15, 1815. He was the 
son of William and Sarah (Dent) Gibbs. His early years were passed on 
the farm and attendiJig school. He was married March 1, 1841, to Miss 
Maria L. Owen, of Bedford county, Virginia. Thc-\- came to tliis county in 
181-8, first settling near Clarksville, where they lived for six years. He moved 
to his present farm in 1851-, which he has since called home. He has rai-ed 
a family of six children, three sons and three daughters: Anna Edwards, 
Sarah G. Jett, Albert M., deceased, W. N., Alice G., and A. B. Mr. Gibbs 

io • .;- [ ».i; i 

.c«( a' \Ik 

i i.e.'" A i'll 

f i , I 

•»iM .. ;■ 

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inSl\>KY or I'lKK COUXTY, 

ic the owner of a good farm, \v!iie!i bontaiiis 100 acres of fine hiti'l. IJ,. ro. 
sIdeJ in Louisiana for some two veurs, eiii^aiijeJ in the tobacco Ini^iness witii 
his son, A. J3., ai^d a nephew, George Gibbs. Mr. Gibbs is a consi^tout 
member of the Baptist Church. In politics he has always been a Dein... 
crat. . During llii.^ late war liis synipalliies were with the sr)!Uh. He f(!(l 
the hungry, tliongti at ti;ncs he did it at the ri.-k of his own life. He was 
a wanderer and stranger froni houio for three years during the war, at tlio 
urgent request of wife aud children, wlu* feared he would be killed if he re- 
mained at home. 

ClemOilS Grole is a native of Germany, kingdom of ILmover, born Feb- 
ruary IT, 1?20. Re was re:ued and educated in his native country, where 
he continued to li\o until he was twenty-three years of age, when in 1643, 
lie came *o tlie United States, landing at ]S*ew Orleans. He immediately 
came up the Mississippi to Si:. Loin's, wliere he engaged in tlie wood busi- 
ness and the n-iunufacture of brick. In this business he coutinncd until 
1S73, when he traded his St. Louis property for his present farm. He is a 
very industrious and energetic, as well as economical num. Al'ter having 
comfortably settled him^eifauu family he iiiterested himself in havino- lii's 
friends come to the neighborhood, and he now has the satisfaction of being 
surrounded by oyer forty families of his counti-ymen. He made the brick 
to build th.e splendid cliureh in his neighborhood. Mr. G. was married iu 
1853 to Anna iCohe, a native of the same country as himself. They have 
raised a family of seven cliiidren, three boys and four girls; viz., xV. C., B. 
H., Joseph, Caroline, CiirL-tina, Mary, and Maggie. Mrs. Grote died Jan- 
uary 6, lSS-2. Mr. G. and all the family are members of the St. Clement 
Church. He has seiwed as a trustee of the church ever since it was built, 
e.xee|;i thiee years. His father, Hanunond Gjote, and lii.^ tnother were born 
in the same kingdom as himself. They raised a lamily of seven children, 
six of whom are still living. Five of them came to Anierica, and all of 
tliCm are residents of Pike county. Hammond Grote was an extensive land 
owner, all of which, with the old homestead, is now in the possession of the 
oldest brother, A'arart Grote, who is an extensive tarmer. 

CoL WillJH.u G'onloii ][;i\vki)«s born in Caldwell county, Ken- 
tucky, February 20, 1>00; moved with his parents to Owen county, in the 
same state, in 1.S13, and thence to Pike county, Missouri, in lS-27, and set- 
tled on the tai'in on which he now resides, having lived there for a period 
of lifty-tive years. The father of the subject of sketch was Harrison 
IL^.Vvdvins, a native of Xorth Carolina; his mother, Jane Robinson, was 
born in Xorth Carolina also. There were three sons of this family: Harri- 

•> ■■■> r.\i'{'-r,\ 

■ ■•.■■■ . ■ • •'^♦•r'M: ■{ rinj.;, - • 


I..- ,■ : '^Ol 

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son, who died in 1S55; James who died in ISiS. Wilhain G. Hawkins 

w-'<s twice married, first to JMartha I'ondurant. July 20, 1830, from which 

union there were eiglu. children, five of whom arc still livini^. lie lost iiis 

first wife in August, 1854. lie was ao;aiu married April 3, 1S57, to Mary 

S. Alackey, of this counr}'. They liave b>' this marriage four children, all 

of whom are stili living. Col. Hawkins united with the I>aptist Church in 

December. 1S;]2> at Peno; he was made a blaster Mason in 1854. lie was 

tlie first assessor ever elected by the people of i'ikc county, in 1S32, and 

was again elected in 1S3G or 1S3S; he served as deputy sheritf under Capt. 

Grimes from IS-IO to 1S50; was elected sherii'' in 185'i and again in 1854, i 

and w;is alsu apj^.ointcd United States deputy marshal for the eastern dis- 

trict of Missouri; he was chosen representative to the legislature in 1850, | 

and in ISGO was again appointed Uniied States deputy marshal to take the \ 

census of Pike county. In 1872 he w^as again chosen to represent the j 

county in the le.^'Islature of tlic stale, and was re-elected in the fall of 1874. i 

" . ^'" . . . . ... . i 

Col. Hawkins performed military service under the militia system of the -j 

state in 1830 as adjutant of the Eighteenth Ilsgimeat for two years, when he 'i 

\vas elected colonel of the same, serving until the repeal of the militia law, j- 

Col. Hawkins was a volunteer in the Black Hav»-k War, discharging the da- -j 

ties of orderly sergeant in Col. Mace's company of Missouri volunteers. Al- 
though seventy-three years of age Co!. Hawkins still looks after the inter, 
ests of his farm, which contains (jver five hundred acres, and occasionally 
visits another farm some distance from his homestead. 

Willililll W. Hed^'CS, farmer, post-otnce Jjowling Green, has a farm of 
one hundred acres, the most of which is under cultivation. His place is 
finely improved, with good house, barn, and other conveniences, all reprc- 
seutins: irood t.iSte and thrift. Mr. Hedges is a native of Pike county, Mis- 
souri, born October 27, 1833. His father, John F. Hedges, v,-us by birth a 
Virginian, born in June, 17'.-'7, and moved to Kentucky with his parents 
at the a-T^e of eijrht years. He learned the cabinet making trade and then 
came to Pike county, Missouri, in 1819, stopping in that part of the county 
wliich is now Peno township. When about twenty-six years of age he was 
married to Miss Lucinda Tinsley, daughter of William Tinsley, who was 
also from Kentucky. Here he followed farming and stock-raising; he died 
in 1881, hi.-^ wife having died in 1878. William W. Hedges, our subject, 
was reared on the farm and educated in the common schools, and when 
grown commenced life for himself as a farmer and stock raiser. He wa-i 
married in 1857 to Miss Saraii M. Burks, of Pike county, daughter of Henry 
Burks, Esq. They had ten children, eight of whom are still living. Mrs. 

•jI : 

<.:<!.' ; I , 

. (n I 



/ ' 1 1 7/ 



Hedges died in ISTO. In 1S73 ^h-. iJ edges married loi his second wife 
Miss Marti. a E. Emerson, daughter of John Emerson, who came to Mio- 
KO'iiri iVorn Virgini:i iti 1^40. .liy this marriage thoy have four children 
living. Mr. Ilijdgcs hclonge to the J:>:ipti-3t ChnrCii. 

■ Jo.'^ei)h IIoiulcM'Soii is llic youngest of three brotljers living; he wa.s 
born May 25, ISK', in Casu-ell county, Nortli Carolina, liis father, iSam- 
uel Henderson, was a native of the same state, born July 11, ITSO; his 
rnotlier, Eebecca Tlendorson, was born March 2, 17S7, the daughter of Jolni 
\Yare, Esq.. of ivortli G.-\rolina. Samuel lleudorson dicl in I'ebruaiy, ISGS; 
Mrs. Henderson died in 1863. Thej' raised a family of ten children, six of 
Vvhom are still living. Jle -moved his family to ]\rissouri in ISSJr, settlin<> 
vn the headwaiers of B'uludo Creek, vchere he continued to reside until the 
tin^iO of liis death; he was one of the heavy tobacco growers of that section; 
lie was also a grower of grain and stock. He was a very kind, hospitable 
man, delighted in linnting. and has been known to kill as many p,s eight 
W'Ud turlceys at a single shot in days whcii game was more abundant tJian 
it is nov.-; lie was a strong, he^dtl^y man, who never took a dose of inedi- 
cine in his life. After being in Missouri some years he revisited his old 
home in North Carolina, and on his return walked all the M-ay back, carrying 
his saddle-bags and his clothes, getting home ahead of other parties start- 
ing ai the same time on horsbeack. He died in his eighty-seventh year in 
the full enjoyment of all his tacuUics. Joseph Henderson, the subject of 
our sketch, was principally reared in Pike county, receiving his education 
in the common schools. When he ai-rived at manhood he engaged in farm- 
ing, which he has successfully followed all his life. He was tirst married to 
Miss Mary E. V/are, daughter of John Ware, Esq.; she died March 22, 1851, 
leaving two children, John \\'. and Aryon. He married for his second wife 
Miss Catharine A.nderson, daughter of James Anderson, Esq., of Pike 
county; they ha\e nine children, all living: Ida S., ^lary E., Louise C, 
Maggie J., Joseph C., William S., Lucinda, Pinkney A., and Laura.- Mr. 
Henderson owns u landed estate of four hundred and forty acres of choice 
land, well improved; he has a fine two-story house, well finished and fur- 
nished thronghi>ut. Mr. Hender.-on and his wife arc both members uf the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church at Antioch. 

Valentine Ilen'Irick, farmer, post-office Bowling Green, is a native of 
Pike county, Missouri, born Ecbruary 13, 1846. His boyhood days were 
spent on a farm. When about twenty-two years old he commenced busi- 
ness for himself, and has been very successful. He was married in 1866 to 
Miss Pettie B. Penner, dauirliter of F. Penner, one of the early settlers, and 


't! ( /> 





In- birth a Germati. They have had Hve children: Anna L., Fannie Fern, 
Oh'ii L., ^Villlani J., and Frederick Ronner. llis fanii consists of 323 aeree 
of well impros^ed land; lie lifi.-> a line substantial dwellini^, with a good barn 
;ind necessary ont-huildin;j;s. lie is a successful breeder of Short-Horn 
CiUtie, having some of the best in t!ie county; he is a'so an extensive raiser 
of li^^g^) '"^"^ ^^*''^' '^'^^ dealt largely in mules scnith. 

Jolm W. Ilendrlck, farmer and stock dealer. This gentleman was born 
in the city of Buwli ug Green, this state, September 27, 1840. lie was raised 
by William Glough of Boston, and had the advantages of a first-elass educa- 
tion. In 1S.5G he was a})j)ointed dejnity clerk, and also deputy recorder, 
holding these jioaitions until 1S60. At the outbreak of the war ho entei-ed 
the Federal army and served until il clt^scd. Ke served a }>art of iho time 
as second lieutenant and was mustered out as captain. In April, 1865, he 
was present at the surreiider of General Lee. He was in an engagement 
v>-ith General Price, and in the fight at Pilot Knob. From ISt'.o to 1S67 he 
was an officer in the pay department of the government. lie acted in the 
capacity of journal clerk from 1SG7 to 1S70. He was also elected secretary 
of the Senate for the years 1&71 and 1S72. lie then returned to Bowling 
Green, and turned his attention to farming and stock-raising. He has some 
of tlie finest Short-Horn cattle in tlie state. He was married in January, 
1873, to Miss Lizzie, daughter of Eli D. Emerson, Esq., one of the old set- 
tlers. They have one son, Ernest. Mr. Hcndrick is a member of the 
Knights of Honor and Legion of Honor. 

William Kilinipe is a native of German}-, born in 1S30, where he was 
reared and educated. At the age of nineteen years he immigrated to Amer- 
ica, landing at New Orleans, where he stoj^ped the first winter. He then 
came up to St. Louis, Misscmri, where he worked in a brick-yard two sum- 
mcrSj and then went to California, where he engaged in mining for about 
three years, and was (juite successful. He then returned to St. Louis, by 
way of New York, and engaged in the wood and brick business until 1870. 
when he came to Pike county and established, in connection with his part- 
ner, Mr. (Trote, what is now known as Saint Clement, where they secured 
eleven hundred acres of land. Mr. K. then engaged extensively in farming 
and stock-raising. Since his first coming to this country he has been instru- 
mental in attracting many other families to this county. Being the first 
settler himself, he has now about furty-four families of his countrymen 
around him, who all look to iiim for advice and counsel. 31r. K. was mar- 
ried, in St. Louis, to Miss Adeline Winkler. They have four children: 

/ T.-i..;! 







Mar^rju-ct, Mary, Annie, and Callic. Mr. K. gives much attention to the 
breediiioj of ^rood <^rade. cattle, and nho raises many horses and uinles. 

Henry Koch, fanner, post-ofiico Bo-vVjing- Green, was born in Gcr- 
3iiany in 1S3*?, and lived in his liative country until the age of nineteen 
when iie came tu United St.'Ues, eniharkin_£r on a failing vessel, and was for- 
ty-three days making the voyage. On landing at Xew York lie came we^t 
to Indiana, then to Illinois, stop})ing in these states about four years. In 
18GJ, at the outbreak of th.e war, o!i the call for Y5,000 troops, lie res[>onded 
and entered the Forty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteers, and was marched 
to tlie front, serving tliree years and two months, and participating in ten 
battles, among the more memorable of which were Fort Donelson, Shiloh, 
Corinth, and others. After he was mustered out he came to St. Louis where 
he engaged in the bakery business for a time; selling this out lie went to 
Benton county and pv.rchased a farm; selling this he returned to St. Louis 
and ren}aiued in business there five years; he then went to Illinois and pur- 
chased a farm, and cultivated it three years, then selling out he went again 
to St. Louis a'.d engage<l for the second tinie iri the grocery business for 
tv.-o and a half years, wiien he traded his stock of goods for iiis present farm, 
located one mile from Bowling Green, the place formerly known as the Her- 
rinrr farm. He vras married in 1S65 to Miss Catharine Foliade, who died 
at St. Louis in lST-1, leavirig three children: (Jrigen, Amenia, and Henry. 
He was married the following year to Mrs. Elii^abeth Raj^p, a native of 
Germany. By this union they two' children, Fred S. aiid Jacob. His 
farm consists of 152 acres, 130 of which is in cultivation, and the balance 
in timber, lie has an elegant residence and fine large barn. 

Pike Linso^'. po>t-jifice Cynnie, son of John Linsey, was born February 
19, 182(3, in Pike county, on the old homestead. His early life was spent 
in workinf? on the farm and attendin"; the district school. In 1S50 he went 
to California by ovfriand, \vherc lie eiigaged in mining for a time, and re- 
turned home by ship. After his return home he bought a farm near Wat- 
son's Station. He was married April 6, 1S53, to ^liss iVIartha Scott. He 
removed to his present farm in the fall of 1S57, where he has since made his 
home. He has 150 acres of good land. He is aniemi'er of the Baptist Chm-ch, 
holding the ofilcc of deacon. Mr. and Mrs. Linsey are the parents of seven 
chihlren: James, Joseph II., Elizal)eth A., Maggie B., John Price, Mary 
Florence, and W. C. Mr. Linsey has by his fair dealing gained the confi- 
dence of all who know him, and no man in the township has the respect of 
his neiirhbors more ihsn h.e. 


■T«.' ■ .r 

W- .4 .T 


BlOOKArillCAI. t,KETCHES. 813 

Willinili S. Lowry, fanner; post-office, Bowliii^^ Green; has a farm of 
425 acres of cIum'cc land, all under cultivation, except ei^^iity acres of tim- 
ber, lie seltkul (Ml liis jiieisent farm in IS55, since which time he has been 
extensively engaged in farming and stock-raising. lie has a herd of 142 
mules. JJis residence is a line two-story building, surrounded by orna- j 
mental shade trees, and everything to make home pleasant. Mr. Lowry is j 
a native of Harrison c<>unty, Kentucky, born December IG, lS3i. llis | 
father, Andrew Luwry, was also a native of Kentucky, born in IbOT; he 1 
wasa iarmerby occujiation, and came to Missouri in the spring of ISoo, | 
eettling tvro miles south of Bowling Green, where he was an extensive land- 
owner, besides owning a number of slaves, lie was an enLer])rising farmer 
and He died in 1S79. The muther of our subject was origi- 
nally Ann Givens, a native of Kentucky, the daughter o^" James Givens, 
Esq.; she died in 1SS2. They raised a family of seven children, all now 
living oxc-ept one. Wiliiasn S., the subject of our sketch, was raised on the 
farm, receiving his education in Kentucky before coming to this county. 
He was first married in 1S54 lo Miss Nancy J. Thompson, of Kentucky; 
Phe died in 1ST2 leavirtg one son, Samuel M. Mr. Lowry was married again 
in 1S74 to ^ri^s Martha :\rcMillan, daughter of Kinza McMillan. They 
have had two children, one of wliom died in infancy, and one son living, 
William K. In his early life Mr. L. worked at blacksmitbing, but disliking 
the business abandoned it fur the more pleasant life of a farmer. Mr. L. 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to Lodge Iso. 130 at 
Bowling Green, lie is a member of tlie Old School Presbyterian Churcli, 
and his wife is a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

riarrisr.n G. Slacker, retired farmer. He is a native of Pike county, 
Missouri, born November 17, 1S33. His father, Thomas J. Mackey, was 
-originally from Tennessee, born in August, ISOO. His grandfatlier, Thomas 
Ma'^ckey, was a native of North Carolina, and died in 1858, at the age of 
eighty-two years, having come to what is now Pike county, in 1S17; lie 
was well known in this portion of Missouri. Thomas J. Mackey came to 
Missouri when about nine years of age; ho was here raised and educated. 
He started in life as a farmer, having at an early day secured some of the 
best land in this part of the state. He was married in 1830 to Miss Sarah 
Griffith; they raised a family of five boys, all of whom are still living. He 
died in 1878,"^ and his wife in 1S79. Harrison G., our subject, was educated 
at the common schools of the county, spending his boyhood days on tlie 
farm. At the age of twenty-three he was married to Miss Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of James Martin, Esq.,'of thia county. They have four children, three 

jj' ' . ■. "J .. 


s •[■ ■ ,'11 

. It 




eons and one dani:;l!ter. lie has been one of the active and enteiprising stock 
dealer.s of his neighborliood. In ls7S lio was elected to the.statc Ico^ibhitiire 
and again in ISS". He is a nicniber of the C. P. Church, and also of the 
Knights of Honor. Hi? honiostead consists of two lumdred and sixtv-livc 
acres of elioice Lmd finely improved, with house and appurtcnaiices neces- 
sary to make his lionie a ])1easant and happy one. 

Judge Alcxniuler Phinij)S Miller was born in Nelson county, Ken- 
tucky, August 32, 1821; emigrated v.ith his parents to Marion county, Llis- 
sonri, in 1835, and ai'ter remaining there about nine months removed to 
Pike county, wliere he has since resided. His father, Alexander ^liller, 
was a native of Yirginia, liaving been horn near AVinchester in-April, 1784, 
and i-emoved to Jventucky witli liis fatlicr in 1S03. His mother, Sarah 
Phillips, was l;(.rn in Kentucky in 178T, and married in 1809. There were 
live children, three of who!n lived to attain their majority, but now the 
Bubject of our sketch is the only survivor. Judge Miller received only sucli 
'education as tlie facilities of tlie times aiforded. He was ma:-ried in Aijril, 
1S4G, to Fanny Peay, a dunghter of George AV. Peay, an old and highly re- 
spected rcbident of Pike county. Although the attention of Judge ^filler 
has been mostly directed to farming and stock-raising, in each of which he 
has large interests, he has, nevei'theless, been several times called to dis- 
charge the duties of important political and judicial stations. He was com- 
missioned as justice of the county court by Governor John C. Edwards in 
1847, and again commissioned by the Governor a few years after the expira- 
tion of his first term of service. He was a candidate before the people for 
the legislature in 187G and was eleoted by a decided majority. Judge Mil- 
ler's landed estate consists of six hundred and fifty acres, five hundred of 
which is comprised in his homestead; his farm is all of the be*t quality of 
land, all well improved, and in a high state of cultivation; he lias an ele- 
gant residence, finished and furnished in a. style commensurate with his 
wealth and position, everything aiiout the ])lace being first class. Judge 
Miller became a member of the Baptist Church in 1857, joining the Mt. 
Piso^ah Church, and has since held the position of moderator of the Salt 
River association fur five years, and acted as clerk of said association for a 
period of twenty years, and has attended forty-five out of forty-seven convo- 
cations or as:«ociati<»ns of his church. Judge Miller is the father of ten 
children, eight of whom are novv- living. 

Jacob W. Pritchetl, farmer and stock-raiser, post-office Jiowling Green. 
The sultject of our slietch is a native of Pike county, being ushered into 
this life December 16, 1834. He was the son of Jacob and Kitty (Harbold) 


.r.i:.> .'I 

'J f 

■li; ■'' • 'liiiiil ; -r-MMi 

■»"'^..' '!';■: fi 

I 1 


7/ (,.i,>. 

. I I,. 



rritclictr, who were fonnerly of Kentucky. When our snbjcct was six 
months old bis parents died. lie was then taken by bis aunt, Mrs. 11. lier- 
l•i^;^ iov some three ytarc; \v;is then t;;keu by AVilliaiu Mel'ike until be was 
seven years ot" age, wlien by the dcafb of Mr. ]\[cl'ike, be was taken to 
Kenluck}' hy bis uncle John llai'buld, \vb'^ reside<l in Jefferson county, 
wii-jre our subject was I'eai'ed and where be reeeived hi.- education. Tie 
was married in February, 1S55, to Miss Elizabetii J[arb()bJ, wlio died 
April 23, 1ST9. Mr. Friteijett is bleated four niile.s south (jf Bowling Green, 
where he has a good farm of one hundred acres of tine bind which is under a 
good state of cultivation. lie is a consistent meniber of the -0. P. Church; 
he is a genial, socible, Cbristiaa man, and bas the respect of those who know 

Benjamin B]aok^Yel] Reynolds, capitalist, post-office Bowling Green, 
lie was born in tbe town of Winchester, Clark county, Kentucky, in April, 
1810. His father, Micbae! E,eynolds, was a native of Ireland. lie was a 
surgeon in tbe Briti~b army, captured at tbe battle of New Orleans, and 
remained in tliis country after tbe war. lie imtnigrated to Missouri in tbe 
fall of 1832; bis wife's maiden name was Sallie Blackweli, a native of Ken- 
tucky. On coming to Missouri be settled at Bowling Green, where be had 
aa e.xtensive practice until his death, in August, 1S33. Benjamin, the sub- 
ject of our sketcb, at tbe death of bis mother in 1821, was but two years 
old, and went to live with bis grandfather at Little Orleans, in Indiana, lie 
remained there about two years and then came west to bis father, wb.o was 
married, tlie second time, to Miss Lucy H. Winn, of Kentucky, who was 
the mother of the lamented Dr. Beynolds. Our subject was educated ia 
the schools of Bowling Green; when about grown to manhood, in ISIl-, 
he engaged in the mercantile business, which he followed successfully 
until 1^70, when be retired to Ills farm in 1875, wheru be lives in a large 
and btatcly brick ma!>sion, surrounded with all the comforts and luxuries of 
life. lie was married in IS-II to Miss Louisiana, daughter of Josepii il. 
Bugb, Esq. They have seven children, tiiree of wiioni are living: Hariett, 
Lucy, and' Medora. Mr. Reynolds never aspire<l to office, but bas always 
been active iri p Cities in behalf of his friends; he is a staunch Democraf, as 
his father was before him. 

Vv'illijiiH L. Robinson, farmer, post-office Bowling Green, has a farn^ of 
two hundred and seven acres, one hundred and forty-seven in cultivation 
and sixty in timber. He devotes .considerable attention to the raising of 
iSbort-Horu cattle and fine bogs, .as well as grain. His farm is choice land, 
tinely improved, v;itb. good buildings, and all the appointments in every re- 


I \-! -ij-.i .!i '.7 ;<> t 

' .' I . . ' i 1 : 

,v..' ;:. '•:/ .,» 



spect necessary to n\nke homo attractive and comfortable. Mr. Ribinfon is 
a native of Kentucky, born in JMercer county, March 8, 1S20. His fatiier, 
Iie:!!y I'obinson, was u native of Virginia, frodi he moved to Jvt'u. 
tiu'ky iu IStiT. hi iSoO he iminii!:n.ted to Missouri and settknl near New 
Ijondon ia JvaUs cuunly, \\-hcre he engaged in school leaching, which he 
foll'jwed until the Mexican AV'^ar, during whicii he served as cajitain and 
particijKited in the battle of liiiena Virata and others. He hjid prcviou.->ly 
served in the war with Great Ih'itain, and was in t!iu battle of Xevv' Or- 
leatis. After tlie close of the Mexican War he retm-ned to New London, and 
soon al'ter died. Tlie-maiden name of the mother of our subject was Saiah 
A. Fisher, a native of Kentucky; slie died in 1^74, aged seventy-three. 
AYiiliam J^., the snl>ject of our sketcli, was principally raised in Halls county, 
but at the age of nineteen he came to Pike county, and with his three 
brothers entered a piece of land fur their mother and put it in good sharie, 
after which W. L. couituenccd busii'ess for himself. He engaged in farm- 
ing, and in the spring of 1852 he pui'chased his present farm. Starting 
without any means, he has by energy and industry acquireil a fair share of 
this world's goods. XL- w:;s man-ied in August, 1S52, to Miss Elizabeth F. 
Herring. They have raised seven children, six of wh jm are still living: 
Ella C, Wemas A.. George Anna, Sarah C., deceased, Joseph K., Nancy 
O., and Paulina L, .Mr. and Mrs. Pobinsuu are both members of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church, and j\rr. Jvobinson is also a member of the 
Farmers' and Meclianies' M. A. A. , 

■ Gcoi'ge Roj'alty. Among the pioneers of Pike county is the subject of 
this sketch, who is a native of Yirginia. He was born in ISOS, and is the 
sou of Isom Royalt}'. His early lite was spent in atteriding school. He 
was for a number of years a foreman of a cotton factory; was also a super- 
intendent of a tobacco warehouse for some tiaie. He was nnited in mar- 
riage to Miss Margaret B. Miles. Tiiey came to Pike county in the sjiring 
of 1S35, first settling near Prairieville, where he lived until 1S12, when he 
moved to the old homestead. Mr. and ]\[rs. Koyalty reared a family of 
eight children: Madison, Cyrus C, George M., Mary S., Yirginia E., Mar- 
tha, John J., and P>eiijf.min. Mr. George Royalty is now living in Texas, 
although he owns the old honjestead, which he still calls home. 

3In«lison Royalty, section 21, farmer and stock-raiser; post-office, Cy- 
rene; was born January 1. 1S35, in Virginia. Whe.n but a babe his parents 
came to this county. He was reared a fartner. and received his education 
in the common schools. ITe was married May 8, 1856, to Miss Sarah A. 
HintoD. He moved to his present home in lS6o, where he has since re- 

■(.-■■H in rn ,'..y,i 

" c. 

} I 



sided. They are the parents of three dau<^];hters: iMary Jane, Virj^inia E. 
Jleiidcr.^011, and Anna Lnura. Mr. Royalty is the of 111 acres of 
jliic laTid, well in>j)rqvi;d. lie is a number one farmer, and a 6ucia!)le and 
hospitable gentleman, aiid has m:iny Iriends, lie is a mcniber of the A. O. 
U. \i. 

. ■■: ■■ :■ • CHAPTER XIX. ■ -i 



Topography — Resources — SeitJers aniJ Citizens. Ashley — 'The Mill — Busitie.iS Interests — , < l 
Civic Socictief! — Churrhts — Watf^on Seminary. St. Clkmekt — Chitrvh — School — Bnti- 
iness — Biograph >es. 

This is one of tlie smrJIei- townshii.s an(] i.-- situated in tlie southern uart -1 

i i ! 

of the county. It ii. l)Ounded on tlie north and eact by Cuivre township, -, 

on the south by llartibrd township and Lincoln county, and on the west by . ■] 
Indian township. This to'.vnship was located by. or under, the old Spanish "; 

grants. It was originally a wooded district, with no prairie, excepting a 
very small area iu the extreme eastern portion. Tiie lands are remarkably 
fertile, as indicated by the character of the growth of forest and otlier trees. ,; 

Hickory, ehn, ash, linden, and otlier varieties usually found on the best land, '1 

abound here. The surface can neither be said to be level nor abrupt. In | 

most of tlie township the lands are somewhat rolling, but not sufficiently | 

broken to iuterfei'e with tlieir easy and successful cultivation. In the ex- - \ 

treme southeastern portion the surface is more uneven, and in places might • 

be regarded as jirecipitoiis, but this is more the result of the few gulches to 
be found in that locality than from the existence of aiiy knobs or other 
marked elevations of tlie surface. The towiibhip, taken as a whole, may be 
regarded as unusually V'.-ell adapted to agricultural purposes, while the 
grasses which are here produced in luxniiance make it also well suited to 
the raisinc of different kinds of stock. The township is well watered, both 
by springs, which tiow during the entire year, and also by seve.'-al streams 
which pass through its several ()ortion3. In the eastern part Sulphur Creek 
flows from north to south through the whole width of the townsiiip, while 
both the western and soutlieastern parts are watered by the Cuivre iiiver. 
Other streams <:>i lesser note supply the water for other portions of the town- 
ship, and the citizens in no part of the township have lately sutTered for 
this the greatest necessity of life- The township was early settled, although 




it was DOt ori^anizCil as a separate township until the year 1852, hnviiHr 
been, previous to that time, a part of Cuivre township. 

Wliat lias bceii &aid of so:nc of the other town^-hijis a])plies with efpiai 
force to Ashley. Her citizens aro generally iiidusti'ious and orderly; tlioir 
homes are conjfortable and supplied with ail the ordinary eornforts of life; 
the people are intelligent, moral, and ho5pital)!e, and the whole face of the 
country indicates energy, thrift, and enterprise. The roads are the ordinary 
dirt roads usually found in the country, except that from Ashley to Bow- 
liiig Green, a distance of six miles, a good gravel road]was .several years ago 





The town of x\.shley has about 400 inhabitants, and is located in the 
southeastern part of the county, six miles from Bowling Green. It is sur- 
rounded by a fine farming community, noted for its industry and morality. 
Both tlie inhabitants of the villiige and the country surrounding it take 
great pride in promoting their educational facilities. This is attested by 
the manner in whicli tlie}' have supported and dolended tlieir cherished in- 
stitution, known as '' Watson Seminary," which has been in operation for 
more than twenty-seven years. 

While the town was named after General Ashley, of x\rkarisas, it was laid 
ont by William Kerr in 1836. His widow, who signed nearly all the deeds 
by which the lots in and about the town were originally conveyed, and who 
was known as Patsy, is still living in the town, at the age of seventy-seven. 
Barzel Biiirgs vras one of the first, perhaps the very first, settler in the 
town, and had the honor of building the first hotel in the place. This house 
was continuously kept by him for the benefit of his many guests until 
within a few months. lie is now a man of eighty, but still is seen fre- 
quently on the streets. The first store was kept by D. C. M. Parsons, an 
active politician, too, in his day, and who was running for congress at the time 
of his death. The ground on which the poor-house now stands, and many 
acres round about it, were owned by him. The young and promising editor 
of the Louisiana Journal ia his grandson. McCorraick ifc Ilesser had a 
Etore at an early day in the same place. S. N. Purse, who still lives at 
Frankford, was another of the early settlers. He ran a machine shop, aud 
made and sold carding machines, and also manufnctured the Manuy reaper 
and mower. Atterwards he was connected in business with W. II. Purse, 
now postmaster at Louisiana. Another of the first settlers who engaged 
in merchandising, was II. C. Draper. He was a brother of Edwin Dra- 


li/f It) 


>>.l U. 

!i •■.' ;■' I. 


819, now of Jacksonville, Illinois, and of Phiiander Draper, still living in 
[.ouisiana, bnt confined to Iiis bed on account of the iniinnities of age and 
iiijui-ies sustained long since. 

Among tlie farmers at an early day about Ashley were Thomas Kern, 
Thomas Allison, Elliolt iloUiday, KHsha Lewis, James Orr, P. B. Bell, 
W. Kerr, John W. Netl, Joiiri Crow, who had the honor of building the 
court-house in 1S14, and whose widow slill lives near Ashley, one of 
the two or three womcu who first settled here; "William McPike, 
David Wilson, E. L. Bryant, L. M. Wells, N. S. Gillum, Moses Hendricks, 
Abrara Pritchett, Samuel Pfarr, Thomas D. South, and Wilbarger. Ac- 
cording to the account of Barzel Kiggs, who left Jessamine county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1S3G, and came to ]\[issouri the same year, settling at Ashley in 
1837, there is no lady here now that was here then exce])t Mrs. Patsy Kerr, 
tlie widov>' of V/illiam Kerr, who laid out the town. Mrs. Crow, the wife 
of John Crow, however, muit have bcer\ here, or came soon after the laying 
out of the town. She is still living and remarkably v\-ell preserved for a 
lady of about ninety. On the same authority it is stated tl.\at no male citizen 
i& here now that was present in 1S37 save Barzel Iliggs and his son x\m- 
brose. Mr. Kiggs, when he ca'.ne, bought out one Branham, who was keep- 
ing a saddler shop, and went into the business himself, occupying the same 
buildinof. His son Ambrose succeeded his fither in the business and is 
still engaged in the saiue trade. 


Perhaps the most important enterprise in the town, aside from Watson 
Seminary, is tlie milling interest. The first mill was built by I'urse >k Staley 
in 1S13, and was run a nnuibtr of years very successfully by Corker & Ochel- 
tree. About the year ISo-f this mill was rebuilt by llickman 6z Purse, and 
sold by them to Bell <fc S:>son about 1S62. In 1805 Bell sold his interest 
to Judge S. S. Pussell, when the firm was known as Ptussell ct Sisson, by 
whom it was operated until May, 1S7S, when it was destroyed by fire. The 
loss was about §10,000, and covered, unfortunately, by no insurance. It 
was not characteristic, however, of one having the energy and persQverance 
of Judge Rus.sell to abandon the enterprise. Accordingly, the mill was 
immediately rebuilt, and put into operation in October of .the year 187S, 
by Puissell S: Sons, by whom it is at this time operated. Its capacity \s 
J"d)out 150 bushels per day. Every year there is ground abouf 2.5,000 bush- 
els for custom; besides, an equal amount of merchant work is done. 

( ■ ■ -A. 



r.rsiNEss iNTr,Ri:sTS. 

The following summary will serve to give the reader a correct idea of V.-. 
extei)t and character of the business that is carried on in Ashley: 

M. T. Grip:gs, E. J. jjowcn, John ^IcPike, and Bryant & Brother nn; ;,.; 
engaged in general men-hanuibuig; Purse & Wells have a hardware stor.-. 
T\^. T. Burk.N, a boot and shoe store; John Brown, a drug etoro; N. Gib.--i. 
also a drug store; Russell & vSons, a steam tiouring-mill; M. W. llousfon. 
boot atid shoe shop; Mrs. Glaze ct Sister, a inilliiiery store; Miss Slrin,.. 
als.o a millinery store; George Poyser, a bnteher shop; R. A. Strother, a t'i:r 
niturc store; A. D. Riggs, a Imrness and saddle shop; Moore vfc Rivier. ;i 
blacksmith shop; John A. Murphy, a wagon and blacksmith shop; II. K. 
<fe T. J. Ehnore. a saw and carding-mill; A. Oden, a chair factory; \\\ ;, 
Butler and 0. Burnett, livery stables; William Dawson, a hotel; Mrs. C. A. 
Cleiiient, a boardinc'-house. 


' Ashley Lodge iS'o. 2&0C,, was instituted November 12, 1S81, under dispen- 
sation from the Grand Lodge of Missouri, by S. P. Griffith, District Deputy 
Grand Dictator, with the following charter members: 

M. T. (iriggs, T. J. Elmore, J. W. Bryant, William Wood, A. D. Poyscn 
J. M. Riggs. A. R. Tinsley, J. W. King, J. C. Wells, A. W. Smith, E. VV, 
Russell, John X. [^uissell, J. E. Kight, J. E. Rees, Charles Burnett, Ch-is. 
W. Parker, Georcje Straube, and J. L. Elmore. The followinir were tho 
first ofhcers elected: J. L. Elmore, dictator; M. T. Griggs, past dictator; 
E. W. Russell, vice-dictator; C. W. Parker, assistant dictator; A. W. Sui'tl.. 
chaplain; J. E. Rees, guide; J. W. Bryant, reporter; T. J, Elrnore, finan- 
cial reporter; A. D. Poysen, treasurer; J. N. Russell, guardian; C. R. Bur- 
nett, sentinel; P. G. Nichols, medical examiner; J. L. Elmore, M. T. Griggs, 
and J. W. Bryant, trustees, and J . L. Elmore, deputy grand dictator. The lodge 
was organized at Masonic Hall, and continued to meet there until January, 
18S5, when Orr & Gogg's Hall was secured for five years, and is now the 
place of meeting. From the beginning this lodge has had pleasant and prot- 
itable meetings, and stili eiij<\ys a good degree of prosperity. The member- 
ship has increased from eighteen to twenty-eight. There have been no 
deaths since the organization. The present otficers are: W, B. Bryant, dic- 
tator; A. D. Poyser, vice-dictator; J. M. Kiggs, assistant dictator; J. W. 
King, chaplain; Theo. Purse, reporter; T. J. Ehnore, financial reporter; 
M. T. Griggs, treasurer; J. C. Wells, guide; J. E. Kight, guardian; John 
Russell, sentinel. 


•'• .-•..'!( -I..) n..>iii:\ 

'>« .-) t" 

• Ot ; 1 -f J -.» hi'..' P .'), 

'•i:(v^ '' 


r A 

••- ASIH.EY. ■"■ 821 


This old churcli lias a retnavkable history, and met so \on<^ aijo tliat it is 

dilHcuU to determine just when it svas organized. It is not likely that ] 

nnv church cdifu'C wa-^ then in existence, to serve as a place of meeting. ' 

Not even "Old Siloam/' or the " OKI Ke|)nbllcan Alcetiiif^-house" liad an ' 

existence as yet. The probuhility is that tliis con<,'re^ij5tiou was or^ranized i 

lit the honse of John Crow. Fortunately the records, which arc still extant, > 

jire explicit as to the time, and read thus: i 

"State of MissoirKi, ) ■ • ■ • . . | 

"County of Pke. f .6 

"A7e, whose names are nndersi<^ned, professing to he followers of Christ, I 

{ind feclin^; ourselves attached to the Cumberland Presbyrerian Church, ap- 1 

proving of their confeGsion of faith and church discipline, and being under .] 

the care of the McGee presbytery, in the bounds of the Salt Iciver district, } 

do agree to form ourselves into a church, called Bethesda, on the waters of \ 
North Cuivre, includiiig the members soutli of prairie, in Pike county. ' i 

'•Agreed to on the 4tli day of September, 1S2G." | 

John Crow and Alary Crow were present at the organization, as were "I 

doubtless a number moie. The following were members }>rior to 1S29: i 

Robert Orr, William Wylie, Polly Wylie, Charles Cox, Polly Parnett, -i 

Polly Orr, Salina Earnett, J'aity IIoss, Parnett 11. Lovelace, Pleasant Cox, • j 

John P. Cox, Hugh Barnett, James Orr, Elizabeth Orr, Piiil. Orr, Patlicua } 

Henderson, Fninces Orr, awd Teuiperance Cox. | 

1S32 — Jacob Lemons, Ann Len^.ons, Xancy Crostwait, C. D. Henderson. ^ 

Mahala Henderson, Thomas Kerr, Susan Kerr, Carter Lovelace, P. J. Love- | 

lace, Dan AlcA_lister, Mary McAlister, Elizabeth Crow, Jacob Crow, Mary | 

P. Orr, Polly HntchlnsDn, Mary Henderson (sold), and Rhoda Orr (soldX i 

1S36 — Martha W. Lovelace and Eliza Johnson. j 

18i3— Eliza Orr. 

18i-i — George !Marzolf and Maria Marzolf. I 

1S4S — Henry Owiugs, Salina Owings, Virginia M. Allison, and Elizabeth ' 

1851 — Mary J. Bryant and M:irgaret McPike. 

1852 — Susan Draper and Gabriel X. Orr. ' 

The total membership in February of LS50, according to the record^, was 
thirty, but by October 1 of the following year it liad reached flt'ty-four. 
Near the close of the year 1801 it rose to seventy-three, ai^d three years 
later, June 2, 1S(37, the climax in membership was reached, the roll show- 
ing a list of eiglity members. Froni this time there was a falling otf until 

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1870, when tlic roll ac^jain ?}iows a meniborship of cii^litj. Duririi'- the Ins' 
twelve years tlie average membership has been about lit'ty, the present 
shov.'i?ig fii'M'-two. ^ 

The old minutes show that in September, ISoS, Piiilip Orr and Ilarn-t^ 
IT. Lovelace were elected elders and ordained according to the establislu'd 
rules of the church, Tiiomas Kerr at tlie same time was ordained by liev 
Samuel Pfarr. 

The coutinuity of the records is broken in 1S3S, and thci'C is a (;ap unti! 
1853. Up to ISoS, B. Fl. Lovelace, from the beginning, leeems to have becu 
the clerk, and was very faithful in the dischai-ge of his duties. Upon his 
resignation Thomas Kerr became his successor, but as he left tlie bounds of 
the church in 18-! I, tiie records v.ere either neglected or lost fur a time, piuI 
it is not until lSo3, when the tirst clerk again took charge of the records, 
that we are able to furnish anything reliable touching the history of this old 

Tlic Pethesda congregation met October 1, 1853, at Ashley, in the brick 
cluirch, which was at that time a common resort for all religious denomina- 
tions. Two addirional elders, John Xelt' and James iX. Orr, were ordained 
by Eev. J. AV. Campbeir. In March, 1864, James W. Kerr was ordained 
elder by the same. The resignation of B. II, Lovelace as clerk occurred 
. September 14, 18^7, when he was succeeded by Benjamin F. Birkhead. 
At the fall presbytery of 18G7, by petition of the Bethesda congregation, 
its name v,-;is changed to that of Ashley congregation. 

On the 7th of February, 1S70, J'enjamiu F. Birkhead and J. W. Bartlett 
were ordained elders, and J. W. Campbell was serving as pastor. Mr. Birk- 
head now resigned the clerkship, and Thomas J. Elmore became his suc- 
cessor, and still continues to discharge the functions of this otHce in the 
most satisfactory manner, keejting records rarely equaled for neatness and 
accuracy. In May, 1S72, M. T. Griggs and AY. G. Kerr became elders. 

This congregation now, in connection with that of the Christian Church, 
worships in what is known in Ashley as the Union church, a neat frame 
edifice, that comfortably seats an audience of 300, and is about 35x50 in its 
dimensions. It was built at a cost of about ^1,800, in tlie year 1860. For 
many years prior to the building of this church, the congregation worshiped 


a quaint old building of logs, still remembered by the old settlers; but, ai= 
far back as 1821), it was new and as yet unfinished, with its stone chimney 
built half way up, and awaiting the remaining processes of evolution, while 

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tlio intervening spaces between the logs constil.nting tlie walls, as yet had 
(,o '-chinking anil daubing," thus aft'irding <>u>>;idefs conveniences scarct;ly 
interior to tliose within. It was at this time that A. OdcJi, of Ashley, still 
living, might have been seen peei-ing through the cracks, according to liis 
own story, while liev. J. "W". Campbell (Uncle Jinimie) was occu])ying the 
jMilpit. clothed not witli his surplice, but clad in a " blue jeans coat," reach- 
ing to a point near the knees. 

The ground on which this re[)ublican meeting-house once stood, free to 
all denominations, is at this time the common city of the silent dead, whose 
tornbs novr stand where the strains of music and the tlights of eloquence 
once charmed tlie living. For more reasons thai! one, then, this cemetery 
is on hallowed ground, marking the phice v.-liere souls were l)orn into tlie 
epiritual kingdom, and also the place in which their bodies are awaiting the 
final resurrection of the just. 


The Chri&tian Church was organized September 2-1, 1850, by Elders J.J. 
Errett and William Mason. The members originally were the following: 
E. L. Bryant, Ilezokiah Oden, Alfred Oden, John Daniel, James B. Ar- 
nold, D. W. zVrnold, L. A. Bryant, W. B. Bryant, E. W. Crutcher, Emily 
Strother, Frances Oden, Eliza A, Oden, Mary A. Bryant, Martha J. Burse, 
Nancy Hickman, ]S'ancy E. Arnold, Sailie E. Crutcher, and >[aria McPike. 

Since the organization one hundred and three names have been enrolled, 
but at this time there remain only eight male and Iburteen female mem- 
bers in good standing, the rest having died, moved away, or severed their 
connection v.-ith the church. The elders at the organization were S. A. 
Bryant, W. B. Bryant, and A. Oden, and those still serve in the same ca- 
pacity. The deacons are C. C. Cash and George Bryant. This congrega- 
tion worships in the Fnion church, in connection with the Cumberland 
Presbyterians, as stated elsewhere. 


During the month of July, 1821), a number of persons met at what was 
then known as the rei)ublican meeting house, the name indicating that the of the house was free to all as it had l>een built by the united etibrts of 
all the neighbors. The building was of logs and stood on the left of the 
road as you approach Ashley from the south, about the center of the old 
graveyard on tlie road, and was used for purposes of worship as late as the 
Bummer of ISiS. The meeting was held for the purpose of organizing a 

1 ;.., ;•, .!>A ■ • .• ■ <> ./. :>■■'' r.ii'v* 'iiiJ ''' ^!'" 'I -"■ 


nrsioKY OF p/KE County 

Presbyterian Olnircli. The couulrj <at that time bciiij; sparsely ticUio<l 
some liad to travel by ]ior?cback or on foot seveial miies in order to be 
piesent, but tliis was no f>!)siac!c t<> tbo hardy pi-'iicers who settled thj?, 
county. Among the goodly rmmber present, the following named ])urf.(tii'? 
joined i)i a request to bo organized into a Presbyteriiin Chinch; viz., "NFessr.-;. 
Williatii Hays, San.iiel T.aiid, Greenlee Hays, Jaines J3aird, and also Mr^. 
Catharine Hays, Miss llannali Ann Hays, ]\[rs. Sarah V)aird, and Mrs. Sarah 
L. Findley, from tt;o Stantbrds Churcd), Kentucky, and Mrs. Martiia J. 
Kerr from the church of Stanton, Virginia, whereupon the Kevs. WiHiani 
S. Lacy, assisted by Uev. Samuel Findley of Kentucky, proceeded to organ- 
ize tb>cui iu due fjrm, they taking the name cf the \Vaverly Church, bv 
•which name the church was known until 1S55, when the name was changed 
to that of Ashle}" Old School Presbyterian Church. Soon after the organi- 
zation, th.o congregation built a hewed log house in the woods altont thi'ce 
miles southeast of Ashley, and although they were nr.abie to complete the 
house tliey continued to use it for a house of worship lor a number of years 
and they finally abandoned it, and moved to Louisville in Lincoln county, 
where they Lad services as often as they could ])rocure a minister, having at 
that time no regular supj^ly, iiev, J. B. Poage having taken up his resi- 
dence in Ashie\' lSr)5, the presbytery of Palmyra, on his motion, authorized 
the removal of the place of worship to Ashley. Of those present at the or- 
ganization, there is but one living, Mrs. Margaret J. (Kerr) Elmore. wln> 
lives about one and one-half miles west of Ashley, where she lived at that 
time, lit'ty-three years ago, and where she has continued to reside ever since. 
Of the eai'ly members of the church there is living at the present time Mrs. 
Martha i>. Allison, a sister of ]\[rs. LImore, wjio joined the church March 
27, IS'^0; Mrs. ilary Oden, who joined Xov. 25, LS;)2, and-Mr. Osborne N. 
Coffee, who joined June 10, 1S32. The roll of membership contains the 
names of 276 persons who have been enrolled as members of this church. 
There are at this time about seventv-five members holdin:r connection with 
"the church. Pev. T. P. Walton is minister in charge at this writing. 
Ofricers: P. B. Pdl, S. S. Russell, J. C. Wells, and Dr. J. F. Hanna, rulb^g 
elders; and W. S. L"wry, AV. J. Sissoii, and A. D. Piggs. deacoiis. The 
congregation has a nice comraodious church building, built in 1S70 by the 
members and frie!)ds of the church and com}>leted witliout a dobar of indebt- 
edness, iu which they have preaciiing regularly tw.> sabbaths in the month, 
sabbath school every Sunday, and prayer meeting oncc a week. 


; M . , , , f , 

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, ) 


THE M. E. cmnica soutu. 

The buildinor in M-hicli they wori^Iiip was built in the summer of 184?, 
iiiiishcd during the following winter, opened fur public worship in ]\Iar(;h, 
1S40, and was the lirst church building ever couiplctod in Ashley. It was 
builL on hind belonging to William Kerr, on the south >k\e of town ami by 
Jiiui deeded on March 20, 1659, to James AV. Thomas, IJobert Kiggs, Je?se 
llenton, John Ilenton, Xathan S. Gillum, and William llenton. tj-ustecs ot 
the M. E. Church S')nth, with the proviso, "'that when not occupied by 
tlieir ministei's or congregation, it should be free to the ministers and con- 
iireo-ation of the M. E. Church, The house v,-as built mainly throu'di the 
efforts of William Kerr, the citizens generally contril)Uting liberally to as- 
sist him. For many years the church was used by all denominations, this 
seeming to be an era of peace and good will aniong Cliristians in Ash- 
Icy. The negroes having had the privilege, of assembling for worship 
in the church wiiile slaves naturally claimed tlie same privilege after they 
became free. For a time this privilege wa> granted tlicra, but complaint 
being made to the trustees that they were abusing the Ijouse and leaving it 
very dirty, they (the trustees) locked the door on them and refused to per- 
mit them to occupy the house. That portion of the colored people who held 
connection with the M, E. Church claimed the right to occu}>y the house 
under the pi'oviso of the uecd alluded to. This claim led to a contest 
between the parties in the circuit court, his honor Judge G. Porter su.stain- 
ing their claim and restoring to them the right to worship in the church 
when not occupied by the M. E. Church South. 

This decision swelled the hearts of the "darkies'' with joy aiui pride, in 
consequence of which they prayed louder and sang more lustily than ever 
before, feeling that the •• good Lord '' was on their side. This contest nat- 
urally gave rise to some bitterness of feeling between the litigants, and soon 
the house was closed by the afurenamed trustees or their successors for re- 
pairs. In making the necessary repairs a debt of some ff^300 was incurred, 
fur which the trustees gave a note secured by mortgage, as they were au- 
thorized to do by the teru:is of the deed. The house was again opened for 
worship and occupied as it formerly had been. In the meantime the liOie 
became due, the mortcjaire was foreclosed, the house sold under the mort- 
gage and bought by John F. Wight, who had furnished the money to make 
the repairs, and the darkies were again turned out. The citizer>s being culled 
upon, responded liberally, and assisted the congregation of the M. E. Church 
South to pay Mr. Wight's debt, and he, by deed, bearing date August 22, 

1S74, again conveyed the proj^ertv to AV. F. Burks, A. 1). Nail v. liouber. 


-.,( I ' -; i") ! >•: • ..« .M HJir 

!: iKl 

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ilj.'. ■>( 




A. Strotber, Ivy Zuinwalt, JoJiii T. Morris, A. A. Newlaiicl, and James J I. 
Wivrbt, trustees of the M. E. Church South. Since that time tliev have 

been dwelling in ])e}v,;e ^vith no shadow crossing tlieir patli, and no!ie b, 
molest or make them afraid, for v.-bich tlicj. too, tlmuk the <^uod Lord, . , 

01A> S]LO.\M CllUKOU (irAPTISX). 

Perhaps no chnich in tlie country enjoys a more romantic lustory tlum 
tliat of" Old Siloam," as it is now familiarly termed to distin^^uish it from 
two other churches, both of more recent date and both having sprung from 
the same source. 

The church edifice was a "meeting-honse" that stood on lands then 
owned by James Moore, near where the Holliday brothers now reside, ])e. 
tween Hartford and Ashley. Those who worshiped here were known as 
United Baptists, and the congregation at first included a number of Chris- 
tians (Campbellitcs). This v\-as more tlian a decade before the separation 
took place between M-hat are now known as the Regular ]Ja}>t)sts and the 
Missionary Baptists. 

Materials are still at hand for an authentic history of this chnrcli as far 
back as 1S32, the date of the oldest records now extant, and which were 
carefully examined recently at the house of Moses Farmer in Indian town- 
ship, who is their custodian. These records do not, however, furnisli any 
clew to the date of the organization, or to the authorities that officiated. 
Rev. W. Davis, an aged minister of the Regular Baptist Church, residing in 
Ashley, thinks that Darius Bembridge and Davis Biggs were the officials in 
question. The oldest minutes on record have the signature of Davis Biggs 
as moderator, which goes to corroborate the stateujent, as the church cer- 
tainly does not long antedate the year 1S32, and hence Davis Biggs Nvas 
likely present at the organization. 

The tirst page of the old record referred to alludes to a schism in the 
church between the Baptists and the Cam pbe.l kites in these words: 

"The church njet, and after consultation agree that, as many difficulties 
have arisen among us, principally from what we call Campbellism, we agree 
to separate ourselves from thof^e members who have embraced those views, 
and agree to live together as a church at Siloarn meeting-house ijnder our 

old constitution. 

" D. BiGGs, Moderator. 
•'Geokge Ckews, ClerkP 

Minhteia. — The church remained under the care of Elder D. B'gg? "iitil 
May, 1£35, when Elder Ephraim Davis was called to the pastoral care of 

vr . .!.,:-i ,o /-loiv.u 

:i . ■ ] .l:.t . il 

,■>::• ■ f. ..jdij ) 

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the clnirch. lie remained in oliarge until September, 1837, when Elder W. 
l)avis, now of Ashley, assumed pastoral control and has ever since sustained 
the same relation to what is known as the Ke^ular or ('Id School Bapiists. 
On account of the infirmities of age the preaching is now mainly done by 
voniii^er njcn laboring under liis sn))ervision. This was the congregation that 
now worships at the Siloam church, and is the third of the same name. 

Jlectintj house. — For aught we know the '' meeting-honso'' mentioned 
)nay have been a private residence, biit Ubcd foi' charcii purposes, for the 
records describe a cluirch wliose erection was contemplated in 1845. It was 
to "be -iOxL^O, walls eight logs above the floor." The trustees to superintend 
the building were Willis 11. Brown, L. Moore. James Moore, and John 

It was in September, 1S3S, that Amos Beck was ordained. Two years 
later the difficulties began tliat resulted in a permanent division of the 
church. About this time occurred the uu':^erem.onious salutation that Amos 
Beck received from the owner of the ground, who, though not a church 
member, v/as bent on controlling the premises, with the church erected 
tliereou, in the iiitercsts of the Missionary Baptists. Litigation even ensued, 
and iinally, through defect in tlie title to the land, or for some otlier reason 
the Begular Baptists lost control. 

The Division. — In the sjiring of 1840 the permanent division of the 
church took place, and ever since each branch has perpetuated a separate 
aTid independent organization. At this time Siloam, Spencer's Creek, Beth- 
lehem, and Bryant's Chdrches withdrew from the Salt Biver xVssociation, 
on account of dill'erences touching missions, etc. 

Lest, unwittingl}', injustice might be done to either branch of the origin.a) 
churcli we w'M (|uote the language of the iTcord as to the points of dissent, 
which is as follows: 

" Whekkas, It is with deep regret and heartfelt sorrow that we have wit- 
nessed the great strides that are being made by the various religious denom- 
inations in the world to introduce into the church innovations which are 
calculated to alarm the true followers of the meek and lowly Jesus, inas- 
much as they are not authorized by Holy Writ a.'^ a cliurch apjiendage. They 
come to us in the shape of societies by the following names, to-wit: Tem- 
perance, Missionary, Tract, Sunday-Schools, Abolitionist, and various others 
out of which we have no hesitation in believing will grow materials calcu- 
lated in their nature to sap the foundations of our civil and religious liber- 
ties.* * ■•■ Therefore, 

Besol'^ed, That imi^mucj as there has xvA lean any public action in the 



Salt Kivcr Association on tlic j?ul»ject above recited, and tlierctbre it is nut 
laiown who is for or against these things, we would respectfully and in the 
Ikinds of love invite nil oar sister churches comj.iosing that body to fake u]) tiie 
subject and exrnnine it, aiul if they i'eel to foster the seeds of discord and 
confusion we shall have to, but we hope better tilings of our breth- 
ren. * * * s ,^ 

The above, together with other resolutions of similar import in the form 
of a letter, \\ere sent to the several churches of the Salt liiver Associatioji, 
and their provisions were rejected by all the churches save the three already 
Dientioned, which, in connection with that of Siloaui, formed themselves 
into the (Cnivre) Siloam Association of Itegular Baptists. 

The Siloam Church now, as go\'erned by the majority, haviiig withdrawn 
from the association, and a number of nienjbei-s still refusing to sever their 
connection with it, complaint was made in September, 1840, by Elder Amos 

This matter caine before the church in the following October for trial and 
resulted in the excommunication of fourteen members, who for a time 
maintained Lhemselvcs '• on original gi'ound •' as the Siloam Chnrch, accord- 
ing to their view of the matter, and finally formed the nucleus in 1851, of 
the Missionary Baj^tist Church called Indian Creek. 

For the present we take leave of this wing" of the chui'ch to follow the 
fortunes of the ilegular Baptists, who, upon losing the old Siloam building 
and the grounds on which it stood, took with them the "church book," 
"articles of faith,'' and "rules of decorum," determined to build tliem.- 
selves anotlier Siloam. and there preach and defend the old faith. 

7Vs early as 1843 arrangements were made for a log meeting-house on the 
waters of JN'orth Cuivre, on the left side of the road leading from Ashley to 
New Hartford, but a few rods from the point at which the road crosses the 
stream. 'J"he orounds havinoj been secured, an arbor for summer use was 
cccted on them pending the building of the edifice in contemplation. 
Some of the older settlers still have a vivid recollection of the meetings held 
under the branches of trees that screened them from the scorching sun. 

The house provided for was soon built and used for many years. It was 
described as a quaint building, having in one corner an inclosure for the 
colored peo])le with a suitable entrance for them exclusively. The logs that 
once enclosed this sacred spot are still doing duty in Ashley, and con- 
stitute the walls of the church for the colored j»eople that stands near tlic 
Union Church. 

About the vear 18.32 M. Moore was ordained as a ruling elder. At the 

'• <M '*::.,'' <>! vr 

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. n- :,^\ v.- -- I,-, 75;,viV,T 

ASMLKV. 829 

April ineetitig of 1S64 W. M. Jones and Peter L. Branstetter were set apart 
to the ministry by a presbytory cofnposed of Elders W. Davis, W. Priest, 
aad T. V. Tvodgevs. The church has at this time perhaps no more nnconi- 
j)romising defender of the old faith and order than Peter L. Branstetter, and 
it was thiongh his kindly assistance that access was had to the records witli- 
out which this sketch coidd not have been pre].)ared. 

NEW siLOANr (reg-ula.]; r.*.FnsT). 

The Siloam- church in which tiie Kecjalar Baptists still v-'orship was j 

built in ISf'S, and stands in Ashley township though near the Hartford j 
township line. It is a structure of 46x82 feet and cost about ^1,000. Elder 

W. Davis is still serving as pastor, but tells us hi? preocliJDg days are ,| 

about over, and that ho must depend on younger men to take his mantle. ] 

Frou) the very beginning he was a leading spirit in his branch of the church .j 

and in liis younger days took great delight in defending the course he took, . j 

looking to a separation from tlie Missionary Baptists. 'I 



It now becomes our duty to revert to tliat remnant of the original Siloam j 
that remained at the old site after they had been deprived of the church \ 
book, articles of faith, etc., or to that ])art of this old church that, accord- ] 
iug to the minutes of the liegular Baptists, had been excommunicated. j 

Notwithstanding all these perplexities, they claimed not only- to be a -i 
church, but the original Siloam church, remaining " on original ground " in | 

every sense of that word. They liad, as they claimed, neither left the old i 
premises nor discarded the old faith and remained within the pale of the I 
Salt fiiver Association. According to their own account, as found in the ] 
minutes kept from 1840, it was while Elder William Davis was preaching ] 
— about the year 1S41 — that the noted controversy arose that resulted in ] 

dividing the church inio two branches that have ever since maintained sep- | 

arate organizations — the Missionary Baptists and the Pegular Baptists. i 

The controversy arose from grave diflerenees of opinion touching meth- 
ods of church work and especially in regard to the subject of missions. It 
was, therefore, with respect to the sul)ject of missions that Ilev. Davis mainly 
took exceptions, and as he had a strong following, and was very decided in 
his convictions as to the path of duty, he proposed that -'said church would 
leave the. Salt River Association, alleging that said association had gone 
into the missionary system, etc." Such is tlic language of the oldest record 
of the missionary wing of th.e ciiurch, from which we learn that this propo- 


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V. r I' .1' 

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sition was vi'ojoronsly opposed hy a large number who *' maintained that said 
association remained on oric;inal ground," and therefore refused to leave thn 
association, taking the ])ositiun that thej were properly the Siloam churcli 
even after the seceding wing — styled Regular }'lai)tist6 — had carried awav 
with them the church book, confession of faith, and rules of decorum, all t.f 
wliich, in the language of the record, "we tliink fully belong to us, and to 
which we fully subscribe, vet we arc drawn to the necessity of adopting the 
following articles of faith and rules of decorum," which the minutes 
show to liave belonged to ''The United IJaptist Church of ]]uck Eun. Ken- 

Of this church the following names appear as the constituent members: 
Samuel Parsons and Lucy Parsons, Levi Moore and Xancy Moore, Barzel 
Itiggs and Eliza Piggs, Samuel Cruther, Mary Lovelace, Elizabeth Keith, 
Sarah Keith, Elizabeth B. Morris, Phody Crow, Xancy Griintli, Sister E. 
•Keith, James Moore, L. C. Mick, Peuben (a black man), Pachel (a black 
woman), Elizabeth A, Dismukes, Joseph Dismukes, George Hughs and 
Martha Hughs, Lewis Strader and Mary Stradei". Accessions 'in 1843: 
Permelia H. Keith, Matilda E. Putlierford, Harmon Hawkins, Thomas 
Kutherford. Accessioiis in 1844: H. G. Edwards, K. H. Johnson and 
wife, John Sisson and wife. 

In 1841 David Hubbard served as one of the ]>reachers and John H. Dun- 
can acted as clerk pro iempore. 

In 1842 J^. C. Alusick oc.-'.asionally preached, and Parzel Piggs was the 
regular clerk, whose minutes show that Pev, A. D. Landram was at this 
time called to preach, and accepted at a salary of $25 per annum. Services 
with more or less regularity were continued until September 20, 1851, 


was constituted at a meeting held for this purpose at the school-house of 
the Union district, township 51, range 3, west, in Hartford township. At 
this organization Walter McQuie officiated, and in order to distinguish it 
from other churches the above aj'p.ellation was adopted. Of this new church 
the following were' the constituent members: Rev. Lewis Duncan, Thomas 
Weatherford, Levi Moore, James Shaw, Kobert Shaw, Harriet Duncan, 
Kancy Moore, Matilda Weatherford, Julia Ana Shaw, Catharine Shaw and 
Marijaret Peeds. , 


' ■ ■ J ■' - . ri -;u . M.qvrij 





This excellent institution of learning is located in the village of Ashley, 
but its sphere of usefulness is nut circaniscril)ed by tlic bounduries of the 
county or even of those of the state. Its pupils have gone abroad and into 
uiauv states of tlie Union, and by virtue of tlieir tcholastic attalnnicurs, and 
Cliristian culture, become valuable members of the oomuiuniLy. It is not 
too much to say that this seminary has its representatives in California, 
Texos, Arkansas, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, West Virginia, Colorado, 
Kentucky, and other states.. To those states as well as its owii it has fur- 
nished ministers, teachers, doctors, lawyers, and editors, to say nothing of 
its host of intelligent men and women in the humbler, though not less hou- 
ornble, walks of private life. The foundations of this school were laid by 
the will of Samuel Watson and the following charter: 


'■^FourtlJy — 1 give and berjueath to my slave Esther her personal free- 
dom from me and my heirs, forever. -h- % * 

''And I further give and bequeath the sum of five hundred dollars for the 
purpose of supporting her free from any public charge, shonld she live to 
become too old and iniirm to support herself. The said sum of 8500 to be 
paid into the treasury of said county of Pike, under the direction of the 
county court of said county. 

"And it is lurtherraore my will aud desire that after the death of said 
Esther two hundred dollars of the said sum be set apart, and the same is 
hereby bequeathed to the said county of Pike for the purpose of sup- 
porting a free school for the poor of said county. 

''FijVdy~l give and bequeath to said county of Pike, the further sum 
of one hundred dollars for the purpose of supporting a free school for the 
poor of said county, and direct my executor to pay the same into the county 
treasury of said county u;ider the direction of the county court. This 
with the before mentioFied sum of two hundred dollars making the entire 
sura of three hundred dollars for the support of a free school for the poor, 
it is my will and desire shall be loaned under the direction of the county 
court of said county, and the interest to be added to the principal from yeai' 
to year until there shall be some legal j)rovision for free schools in this state, 
and whenever a free school shall be established in said county by law then 
it is my will an.i desire that the interest which may thereafter acci-ue on the 
sum total of principal and interest, up to tlie time of establishing such 
school, shall be annually appropriated towards defraying the expenses of 

I ...'3 

f ,.!''> / 

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; -.'J-jA 

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said public school, rescrvioi: the s:\id three hundred doHars, atjd the intercut 
that may has'e accrued thereon, before the establishuient of such public free 
school, Hi a pormanerit fund. 


An Act to incoi-jioralij Waisou SemiiKiry. 

Be it en'ictoJ b// (hr Geiieml A-'^sfinhlij of tlie St(ti.r of iV/, as foUoivs : 

" Section 1. A. school is hereby established in the county of Pike by tlie 
name of tlio 'Watson Seminary,' in lionor of Samuel Watson, deceased, of 
said county, the directors of which, M'hen selected as liercinafter rec^uircd, 
are hereby coustituied a l>ody politic and corjiorate with all the |)o\vers of a 
corporation; and as such may sue and be sued, have a common seal, and 
such property, real and personal, as may be necessary and proper to etfect 
the purpose of its creation, under the name and styleof 'AYatsou Seminary.' 

" Si:g. 2. 'j'he pvinci]>al ami interest of the fund donated by the said 
Sainuel Watson, now under the control of the said county of Pike, shall be, 
and the same is hereby declared to be, a ])ermanent fund for the suppoi't of 
said sem_inar\', and in addition thereto the amount of fines now in the treas- 
ury of said county, atid all moneys that may hereafter accrue to said county 
by way of line, penalty, or I'orl'eiture, whicli shall be paid into the treasury 
of said county, as the same is paid in, shall be added to and become a part 
of said fund, and the wliole shall be loaned out as the 'Watson Fund ' of 
said county is now Leaned out, under the direction of the said couTity court, 
in sums of not less than one hundred dollars, the borrowers being solvent 
men, and reijuired to give at least three good securities, and to pay annu- 
ally an interest not exceeding ten per cent for the use of the same. 

*' Sfo. 3. The bond; given by the borrowers of ssiid fund shall be in the 
same form and payable at the same time, as is required by the general lavv 
in relation to township school moneys; and the county court shall have the 
same pov,er to enforce the collection of the principal and to have the said 
bonds well secured as they have by the provisions of the law. 

"Sec. 4. The county of Pike is hereby authorized to borrow, for county 
purj)0ses, tlie amount r.ow in the treasury of said county on account of Hues, 
penalties, and forfeitures, and whatever amount may h.creaftcr be paid in on 
the same acc':>unt, the county j>aying initM-est as an individual borrower. 

'• S5:c. 5. No part of the Watson Fund above constituted, by the provis- 
ions of the second section of this act, shall be appropriated for any pur- 
pose whatever until, from the accumulation of interest thereon, and the 
payment of fines, penalties, and forfeiture:-, the whole fund shall amount to 
the sum of 82.000. 

'1 ■ • "^ '-.flHi i 



I nod 

AbHLKY. 83.'> 

"Skc. 6. WlifMi the ruiul shall reach the siiiu of 8-,00L), it shall be the 
dutv ot" the couoty court of Pike county to p:ivc public notice, by adver- 
tisement, that said seminary wiil be established at ?.uch phice in 8;dd county 
as will contribute, or ])rocnre. the largest donations in money, or real estate, 
for tlic erection oi' buildings i'or said seminar}', and for establishing and 
pmchasing a library and suitable apparatus for the same, and which may in 
other respects be most advaiitageous for the location of said seminary. Said 
subscriptions sliall designate the ]>lace where said seminary is to be located, 
and the amounts subscribed shall be secured to the satisfaction of the county 
court, and made payable to the county of Pike, and liled in the office of the 
clerk of the county court. . 

"Skc. T. At the term of the county court of the county of Pike held 
next after the publication of the advertisement above mentioned, the said 
court shall appoint not less than three nor more than live commissioners, 
residents of one or more of the adjoining counties, %vho shall meet on a day 
fixed by said court, at the court-house in Pike county, and examine said sub- 
scriptions, and shall fix upon the location of the said Watson Seminary at 
the place having tlie largest subscription in value in the o])inion of said 
commissioners, and possessing the greatest advaniages for the permanent 
location of said school. The said commissioners shall file a report, in writ- 
ing, of their proceedings with the clerk of said county court, and the place 
designated by a majority of said commissiotiers in their report, shall be 
the permanent loci'tion of said AYatson Senjinary. . , ' 

"Sec. 8. So soon as tlie said seminary shall be permanently located, it 
shall be the duty of the county clerk to appoint nine directors, resident 
householders of the county, five of whom may be in the immediate vicinity 
of said seminary, who shall have tl'e management of the same, receive prop- 
erty for the use of said school, appoint teachers, ])urchase a site for buildings, 
contract for their ei-ection, and from time to time n)ake rules and regulations 
ior tlie government of the schools and the board, and for the management 
of the property belonging to the said seminary; but they shall contract no 
liability- nor contract any debt which will encroach U{)on the principal of 
the fund, nor shall they approriate the accruing interest or any part thereof, 
to any other purpose than tlie })aymeut of teachers' wages. 

'•Sp:c. 9. At the first term of the county court, after the necessary build- 
ings are completed and the scliool is in o7)eration, the county court shall 
draw their warrant upon the county treasurer for the amount of interest 
due for the preceding year, in favor of such officers as may be appointed 
for that purpose by the board of directors, and the same shall be done an- 
nually thereafter. '^ 

= • '!. V V_ ,. ;i id"-, i ■,■!<: 


1 1 I ^ 


'•' Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the board of directors from time to timo 
to examine into the securities and other evidences of debt belonging to said 
Watson fund, and nolilj the cunrt of tlie necessity of requiring additional 
security, or of t])cir enforcing the payment of interest in aircars; and nodi, 
rector shall borrow from said fund directly or indirectly. 

"Sec. 11. The diroctcrs shall appoint such oliicers as may be necessary, 
and shall till all vacancies which may occur in their body by removal, resif- 
nation, or otlierwise. 

" Sec. 12. Tlie directors shall biennially make a report to tlie superinten- 
dent of common schools, of the condition of said seminary, stating the num- 
ber and ages of pnjdls, the branches studied, the price of tuition, the amount 
received from interest «>n the fund as wull as from pnpils, and anv other iii- 
formation calculated to shov%' the condition of said school, also the propertv 
held by said seminary, and the amount of its indebtedness. 

'* Sec. 13. All the interest accruing npon the fund donated by the said 
Samuel Watson, at the time of the appointment of said directors, shall be 
appropriate*! towards the education of any indigent youttis in said county 
of Fike <vho m^y t'pp'y for ihe benelit of the same; and it shall be the duty 
of said board to have them educated at said seminary without charge of 
tuition, use of room, or any aj>paratas that may belong to said school. 

"Sec. 14. The board shall adopt some plan by which selection can be 
made from said applicants for the benefit of this portion of the fund, and 3 
by which the nuinber of the beneficiaries may be limited according to the 
annual interest accruing upon the same. 

"Sec. 15. It shall be the duty of the board to make provision for tlie 
selection of any young men of good moral character, and industrious hab- 
its, and residents of the county, not- exceeding ten in any one year, who 
may attend said seminary free of charge: Procidtd, the said young men 
will give satisfactory assurance to said board that they will teach in some 
primary or common schools in the county, or state, at least one year after he 
or they have lett the seminary: Provid'il^ further^ that no such student 
shall continue longer than two sciiolastic years at said seminary 'on such 
terms, nor shall any such young men under the age of si.xteen years be 
taken into said seminary upon ttie terms prescribed in this section. 

"Sec. IB. The board of directors shall ])rescribe the branches of learn- 
ing which shall be taught, tix the prices of tuition for such students as do 
not attend under the provision of any one of the last three preceding sec- 
tions, receive any donation of maps, books, or other property for the use oi 
said school, and carefully preserve the same, and kee_p a minute of their 

!•< »TV '.;•;•, ';; 

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'.' 7. 1 

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"Sec. it. Tiie fiuos, ])enalties, and forfeitures accruinc: to said county of 
Pike, after the ori^^anization of said seminary, sliali still ])e paid into the 
county treasury, tx:\d be apj-licd to ti;e increase of said yiennanent fund. 

"Sf.c. is. An act. entitled ' An act to establisli tlje A^atson Free School,' 
approved February 23, 1S43, is hereby repealed, as arc all other acts and 
parts of acts inconsistent ■^ith the pro\isions of this act. 

''"'This act sliall take ellect and be in force frona and after its ]>a6.'age. 

''.approved January 25, IS-iT.''' 

The order of the county court advertising for bids (see section six of cliar- 
ter) was printed in the Northeast Jlissourian, and dated August 11, 1S53. 
On the seventh day of oSoveniber, 1S53, tlie citizesis of Bowling Green and 
vicii\ity, arid A^hle}" and vicinity, each filed sul»scriptions. Bowling Green's 
being ^3,000 in money and the old seminary building, valued at 8500; and 
Ashley's 8^,375 in money and four ac.i-es of land valued at s400. Thus 
Ashley was the successful bidder and obtained the Ljcation. 

Locatloji. — xlt the February term of the county court of 185-4 commis- 
sioners were appointed by the court to examine subscriptions, site, etc. (see 
section seven of charter), and in accordance with their i-eport AVatson Sem- 
inary was located at Ashley. 

Directors. — At the same term of the court the followin£r ffeutlemen were 
appointed as the tirst board of directors: "W. A. Harris, Simeon V. Eob- 
inson, John McCormick, Joshua Sylvester, Samuel F. Murray, Dr. John 
C. "Weirourn, Peter Carr, Samuel jST. Purse, and Philander Draper. 

The county court by its order of June 0, 1S54, turned over the subscrip- 
tion paper to this board of directors for collection. The board organized 
February 4, 1854, by electing John McCormick, president, Joshua Sylves- 
ter, secretary; and accepted the site for the building, rendered by Lemuel M. 
Wells in his subscription. The buildinj; was let to contract Se})te]uber 4, 
1854, Conrad Smith, of Louisiana, obtaining the contract. 

rrlacrpo.h. — The board elected Pev. J.. B. Poage as principal, October 
25, 1S54, to take charge of the semfnary from first Tuesday in April, 1S55, 
when school was to open. This positi«ui he held until June, ISGO. On the 
11th day of June, 1860. the board elected Prof. John A. McAfte. one of 
the first pupils of the seminary, and afterwards a graduate of Westminster 
College, Fulton, ^Missouri, as principal for a term of five yearc. At the ex- 
piration of this time he re-elected and served until June, 1807, when 
he resigned. Rev. B. D. Thomas was, on the 24th of September, lSt)7, 
elected as fur a period of five years, but tendered his resignation 
June 20, 1S6S, which was accepted. Prof. Joseph C. Waikina was elected 

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principal Au^iiPt 31, 1SG8, for a term of one year, but by re-election 1,( 
remuined at tlie head of the scliool nntil Juno, ISSl, M-hen be tendorod 1j1 
resignation. On tbe 21 = 1 of Jnne, IS.Sl, the board elected the presenl iti. 
cumbent, Prof. J. J). Blanton, as principal for a term of live years, {.'n \ 
13. is an accom]>lished scholar and a genial gentleman, and is in the vigor ..-, 
young manhood. Under his management the school promises to sustai:: 
the excellent ropntation that it has achieved in the past. 

JJti'jaf/on.—The legislature of ]V[i?sonri having attempted by tlie passaii, 
of various acts at diiierent times to so alter, anjcnd, and repeal the chartrr 
as to withhold the lines, forfeitures, and penalties accruing in the county 
from Watson Seminary, and also to change tlie mode of electing the direct 
ors, etc., and the county coiirt withholding said lines, etc., in obedience t.^ 
said acts, compelled the board of directors to resort to the courts for redress. 
A suit was brought in the circuit court of Pike county before Judge G. 
Porter, and tried at tlie Mnroh term of ISTi, resulting in favor of the sem- 
inary. The committee to which this business was referred made the fol- 
lowing report: 

" To the Boar/I of Dlr<ctors of Woi-son Seminari/: 

"Your committee appointed for the purpose of instituting proceedings 
to test the legality of the act of the legislature, repealing that part of our 
charter placing all the fines, forfeitures, and penalties accruing in the county 
of Pike in the Watson Fund, would respectfully report that we employed 
Elijah Pobinson, Esq., to take charge of the case, and that upon his motion 
the case was argued before his honor Judge G. Porter, at the March term of 
1871 of the Pike county circuit court, and resulted in the court granting a 
writ of peremptory mandamus requiring the county court to return to tliC 
Watson Fund all the fines, forfeitures, and penalties that have accrued since 
the repeal of our charter and now placed to the credit of the couuty per- 
manent school fund. . 

" Pespectfullv subinitted. 

"May 8, 1871. " "P. B. Bell, 

'■•Chairman of Committee" 

The county court again withholding the fines, etc., in obedience to an- 
other act passed by the legislature, from the Watson Fund, another suit w;;s 
biought and tried in the circuit court of Kails county in May, lSS-2, before 
Judge Bruce^ and again decided in favor of Watson Seminary. 

V . . iivj .-(;;•,•, •-',. cioyrMi 

'I J'; ■ .. ■• vi» rv 

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ST. Cl.KMKNT. 837 


Thio qnaint little village is located on the gravel road leading from IJow- 
iiiii:; Green to Ashley. It? distance from tlie lalicr town i.s about two tuile.<5. 
At thit^ time there arc Iiere congregated about fifty families of (Jermanic 
extraction and of the Catholic faith. Originally these catnc from' the pro- 
rinees of Hanover and V/cstplialia in Pru.ssia, bringing with them tjie re- 
ligion, language, habits, and customs of their ancestors. To perpetuate 
these, as they have a right to do in free America, they have built a church 
and established a school, both of which are well supported for a town of its 
population. A number of lots have been laid out and sold to persons who 
contemplate the erection of buildings on them in the near future. The 
beautiful prairie in which the village is so snugly nc-tled aflbrds ample 
room for the growth of the town. 

The very first who were attracted to this tine location were Clement 
Grate and William Klumpe, wlio, in 1870, bought 1,000 acre.s of land and 
commenced farming in partnersliip. Tiie first fainily consisted of the hus- 
band, \vife, and three sons— Clement, Ileury, and Joseph; and three daufh- '^i 
ters — Christina, Caroline, and Mary. The second family had OTie daughter, •;' 
Maggie. During the same year came Herman Deters and their son Georo-e; i 
Theodore .rohnsou and wife, and their son IJernard; Henry Albers and wife \ 
and their daughter Mary ; Henry Brockland and wife. The last two families \ 
did not, however, long remain. In ISTl came Joseph Wilmes and wife. i 
and two sons and two daughters; in IS 72 Mrs. Maggie Linhoff and son | 
Frank, aiid step-son Hermann Bushman; Godfried Greve and wife, and son | 
Frederick. In 1873 came Henry Bimslager and wife. Subsequently these 
were joined by Ernest Pohlmann, Henry Grote and wife and two sons, Jo- 
seph Grote and wife and son Clement, George Koster and wife and two 
children — George and Annie. • ' " ■' 

ST. clevext's CHUKcn (catholic) 

is a brick structure, costing about $2,000, well furnished, having two altars, 
a statue of the Blessed Virgin, one of St. Clement, and seating capacity of 
about 700. This church was built in 1S73, ^lessrs. Grote and Klumpe be- 
ing the principal promoters of the enterprise. At first the services were ir- 
regular, there being no stationed priest. The first regular pastor stationed 
was Charles Brokmeir, who came on the 16th of November, 1SS2, and has 
since tiiat time performed the priestly functions. This official was born in 
Germany, in the province of Westj)halia, where he spent nirie years at the 
gymnasium, coming to New York in 1S75, and finishing his theological \ 

^ ' ! 'Ml, .1; 

■ Pill I . ■ .^<: -'I " ■! 

i: '' 'i 

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studies at St. Francis Seminary, Mihvaukee, Wisconsin, in ISSO, when he 
was ordained and stationed for two years at St. Nichohis Church, St. Luiii.-, 
Missouri, from which he came t(^ this place. J lis con^^i-egation is reguUir 
and constantly incrcasino:. « 

ST. clemlxt's PCIIOOI,. 

• was opened about six years ago. Tiie branches taught are those usually 
found in our })ub]ic schools, sup})leinented by the catecliisrn and other works 
peculiar to tlic church. At present about forty pupils are in attendance 
under the management of the priest. The school-bouse is a neat little frame 
building, erected about two years ago. 


Tiie town contains one store, handling dry goods, hardware, ai\d groceries, 
and one blacksmiLh and wagon shop. 





James A. Barbee. This gentleman, the son of Eratcher B. and Adaline 
(James) Barbee, was born in Kentucky December 25, lSl!4. Ris parents 
were natives of i-'auquier county, Virginia, from which state they moved to 
Kentucky, and afterwards, in 1S34, they came with their children to Pike 
county and settled in Cuivre township. Here he continued to reside until 
1815, when he removed to Stevens Point, Wisconsin, where he lived until 
1S63, when he again settled in Pike county, Mr. Barbee lost his first wife 
in J3ecember, 1^2S, by whom he had three children, James xV., May P., 
and William C. l^arbi-e. Some time after Mrs. Barbee's death herlmsband 
was again married, this time to his wife's sister, Hannah James, by whom 
he had one child, Adaline. Mr. Barbee lived for some years with his sous 
James A. and William, after his return from Wisconsin. He worked for 
many years at the trad-e of the shoemaker. He was very industrious and 
was always employed. He was also fond of hunting, and was an expert with 
the rltie. Hu was generous to a fault, upright in his dealings, and a tirm 
believer in the doctrines of Christianity. James A. Bat-bee. the son of the 
above and the subject of this sketch, was reared a farmer, and received such 
an education as the schools of the country at that time atforded. For be- 

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'/ X.:-. .1.' 



tweuii two and three years be was engas^ed in lead mininf]^ near Galena, II- 
jinoi.-, goinjr there in 18-iG. In 1S50 he wont to California in company with 
McPike and Struther, wiit-re he remained for about fonr years, engaged in 
inininir, in ^\■hicll busiiiess he was fairly successful, lie returned home in 
lSr>0, when, in company with Mr. Sisson, he built a taw and grist-mill on 
Cnivre Kiver. lie was engaged here but one year, when he sold out and 
went into the vstock busine>s, and for somg three years he braight and sold 
upon a large scah.'. In 1?50 he bought liis present home, a place contain- 
ing fifty-eiglit acres, which he lias since finely improved. lie was married 
Juuuary 22, ISGO, to Miss Virginia A. Morris, daughter of John T. and 
Eniilv A. Morris, of tiiis county, but formerly of Virginia. ]\Ir. Barbee is 
a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and liis wife of the M. 
E. Church South. 4 


FrJlllk C. Bariiett. This gentleman is the son of Eobert Barnett, a na- \ 

tive of Kentucky, who came to Missouri iu 1830 and died in 1S37. Our j 

subject was born in Pike county, Missouri, April IS, 1831, on the same • 

farm upon which he at this time resides, having lived here for a period of j 

almost lifty-two years. Ho spent his youth at work upon this farm, his ] 

vigorous manhood was devoted to its cultivation and improvement, and his I 

declining years are being spent upon it. Mr. Barnett was first married 3 

December 13, 1854, to Miss Margaret M. Barnett, daughter of Hobert Bar- 
nett, Jr., a pioneer well known in this county and for a long time a man of 
considerable local proniinence. Prom this union there were two children, 
both sons, Charles and Ilobert. Mr. Barnett lust his wife in 1859 and was 
married the second time, Xovember 29, 1864r, to Sallie H. Barnett, sister of 
his first wife. This union has been blessed with two children, one son, 
Fraidc, and one daughter, Fanny, the latter now dead. Mr. Barnett has a 5 

farm of 185 acres, well adapted to the cultivation of grain and the raising j 

of stock, to which pursuits he directs his attention. lie also has a farm of j 

230 acres of land in Audrain county, about three and a half miles from the | 

growing little town of Vandalia. Mr. Barnett has long been identified j 

with the growth and prosperity of Pike county, aiid is recogni;^ed as one of 
its best and most enterprising citizens. j 

C. R. Barnett. This gentleman, the son of Charles and Catharnie M. | 

Barnett, is a native of Virginia, and was born in Bedford county ou June j 

1, 1844. At the age of twenty-one he came to Missouri and located at | 

Louisiana, where for live years he was engaged in tlie business of the con- j 

fectiouer. In August, 1881. he moved to Ashley and went into the livery } 
business, iu which avocation he continues at this time. His genial manners 



> 1 . 





and fair dealiiri,' liave won for liiia a good name and a liberal pntrona".,-. 
He was married February 10, 1875, to Miss M. E. Williams, daii<rhtfr of 
Mr. James A\'il]iatns, ui" t!;ic county. Tiiej Lave four cliildren; Letlia, K'u- 
tie and Klla, twins, and (xcrtrnde. Mr. Uarnett is a clever gentleman mu' 
a deserving and worthy citizen. 

P. K. Boll, the son of John T. and Grace (Lnckey) Eoll, is; a native of 
Lincoln county, Kentucky, wheit; he was born October 12, iSlii. Mr. I'ell 
was reared in JStanford county and received but a limited school education, 
though he became, when but a young man, well acquainted with men and 
things, Wheii but fourteen years old he entered the store of J. B. and M, 
Camden, wliere he worked some four years and acquired that knowledge of 
business v.diich has j)roven of such large advantage in his sabser[nent life. 
On the 12th day of October, 1S30, he came to Pike county and settled near 
the town of Ashley, but in the spring of 1S32 he enlisted in Captain Mace's 
company as a soldier in the Black Hawk War. In the spring of 1833 he 
eniraged in selling; ffoods in the town of Bowlinfr Green, in which place 
there were then but three stores, including his own. fie continued to mer- 
chandise here until 1839, wlien he began to handle produce and to buy and 
sell stock, in which avocation he continued for some time. Mr. Hell was 
married May 1, 18-12, to Miss Martha Robinson, of this county, but form- 
erly of Wythe county, Virginia, and soon thereafter again settled near the 
town of Ashley. In 1850 he bought the first thoi-ough-bred Durham cattle 
ever owned in Pike county, paying seven hundred dollars for three head, 
and being frequently told by his friends that his investments were ruinous 
and must soon succeed in bankrupting him. His stock, huwever, soon be- 
came very popular, as they took all the ]tremiums in their chiss wherever 
shown — his Dakc of Indiana recei%ing no less tljau five first premiums at 
the St. Louis lairs, and hence a demand was made fur his cattle, which was 
alike protitable to him and largely advantageous to the people of the c<ninty. 
From this beginning may be traced the \ery excellent cattle for which Pike 
county is now so justly noted. At this time Mr. Pell resides in Ashley, 
where he has a splendid residence, furnished with much taste, and =ur- 
rounded by all the comforts and luxuries calculated to make life pleasant 
and happy. He has tvro children, Rebecca, now Mrs. J. W. Bryant; and 
Anna, now Mrs. J. P. P>lanton, whose husband is at tliis time superintend- 
ent of the normal school at Kirksville. Mr. Bell has a larrje farm of about 
six hundred acres near Ashley, where can be seen some of the best cattle in 
Pike county. Mr, Bell is a member of the O. S. Presbyterian Church, an 
elder in the same, a liberal contribuwr to it, and also a zealous friend and 





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supporter of the cause of education and of all tliose inornl influences whose 
tundeiicies are the uphuilini^ of society and the true elevation of the individ- 
ual members of Iiis race, 

B. F. BirkluMid. Tlie subject of tliis sketch is a native of Virginia, born 
in Tyler county .May ]0, ls-25. His father, Abraham iiirkhead, was a 
native of jMar viand. Iiis mother, Rntli Wells, was born and reared in the 
"Old Dominion.-' Mr. Birkhead was t'lc seventh child of a family of ten 
children. His early life \\'as sjient on a firm and in the acquisition nf a 
common school education. In IS-i.j he came to Miss'juri and settled in 
Lincoln county, where he improved some wild lands, which he sold when 
he removed to Ashley, in 18i9. Mr. Birkhead was married May S, ISoiJ, 
to Miss L. G. Wells, dauy-hter of Benjamin and Mary Wells, of Ashley. ' 

Their union has never bee!i blessed v.ith any children. l'"'rom Asliley Mr. ' 

Birkhead removed to Montgomery county, but remained only a few months. , 

In 1ST5 he moved to St. Charles county, where he lived, engaged in farm- 
ing, until 1S63. In ISGi he went to Alton, Illinois, where he resided for a 
period of fifteo!) months, devoting his attention to mercantile pursuits. 1 

Our subject returned to Ashley iji' 1SG5. He has a splendid farm of 200 \ 

acres of well improved land, with a line two-story residence of modern 1 

style and linish, and furnished with much taste. Mr. Birkhead is a 1 

consistent and active working member of the Cumberland Presbyterian j 

Ciiurch and also one of its most liberal supporters. He is a man of a o'reat j 

fund of common sense, well informed upon all the leading questions of the ! 

day, and a very genial and companionable gentleman. Pie has, as he de- j 

serves, the contidenee of the entire community, and is recognized by those | 

who know him as a good citizen and a man of great ]~>robity and personal ' 

integrity. - 

J. D. Blailton. This young man was born in Cumberland county, Vir- 
ginia, March tj, 161';'. He is the son of F. B. Bhinton., of the same county, 
and Eiiza Diel, the daughter of Rev. John Diel, of J!!sew York, and one of 
the first missionaries to the Sandwich Islands, where his daughter, Mrs. 
Eliza Diel Blanton, was born. Mr, and Mrs. F, B. Blanton had five chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of our sketch is the oldest. J. D. I;>lanton spent 
his youth in his native county preparing for college, and in 1870 he entered 
the sophomore class of the Hampden-Sidney College, of Prince Edward 
County, Virginia, Here he graduated in June, ISTO, with the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He came to Missouri in October, 1879, and taught a dis- 
trict school the following winter in Audrain county. During the winter 
of 1880 he was pri!:ciprd of the Keytsville public school, in Chariton county, 


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and in June, ISSl, was elected principal of"\Vatson Seminary at Ashley fur 
a term of five years. Since liis connt'Ction with the school it is said to have 
grown somewhat in ]>iiblic lavor. Mr. lilanton is a Mason and also arneni- 
of the 0. S. rreahyterian Chnrcli. 

>Si!nC0ll A. Bryant . THe sul^ject of this sketch is a native of "Kentucky, 
born in Garrett county June 21, 1S2S. When but two years old his ])arents 
left Kentucky and settled in Lincoln county, Missduri. In ISoT tliey left 
Lincoln county and located in Pike, wliere IMr. jhwant reared and edu- 
cated. Pie v.-as married November 14, ISO:?, to Miss Pet Crow, daugh- 
ter of John Crow, deceased, one of the early pioneers of the connty, an out- 
line of whose life is to be found among the biog-raphies of this tov.nshij). 
In 1856 our subject removeiJ Jo the town of Ashley, where for about eight 
years he followed the avocation of a merchant, lie returned to his farm 
in 1863, and has since continued to reside there. His farm is situated two 
and a half miles from Ashley, and contains 272 acres of rich and well im- 
proved land ^vh!ch yields annually a rich return for the labor bestowed 
upon it. Mr. Ihyant is a xeulous friend of th.e cause of education and to 
advance this interest in the community where he lives he several years since, 
in compaTiy with his brotlier Walter, started a private school of a high grade 
at his own residence. The school has proved a great success and it may be 
the initiation of other enterjii-iscs of like character and advantage. Mr. Bry- 
ant is a member of the Christian Church, an elder in the same, and a liberal 
contributor to every worthy demand of his church; he is also a member of 
Ashley Lodge No. 75, A. F. & A. M. He is well known all over Pike 
county, and is both respected and honored for his u{)rightness of character 
and real riioral worth. 

Geoi'g;e Bi'yaut. This gentleman, a worthy member of a large and 
respectable family, was born in Pike county, December 2S, 1S37. Mr. Bry- 
ant, like most of the boys of his time, was reared on a farm, and his educa- 
tion partook of the character of the schools upon which he was forced to 
depend for instruction. During the war, with hundreds of other gallant 
young men, he es])oused the cause of the south and participated in quite a 
number of hard fought battles, among them Lexington-, Pea liidge, and 
Corinth in the state of Mississippi. At the battle of Pea Bidge he was 
struck by a ball and six of his teeth were knocked out. In 1805 he v/ent 
to California, where he remained one year, when he returned, and in 1S70 or 
1S71 commenced to sell goods in Ashley. He is associated with his brother 
and togetlier they are doing a good and constantly increasing business. He 
v.-as married November 10, 1S06, to Miss Watkins of Kentucky. They have 


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twu cliikli-en, Ikfary ]v. and Willie S. I^ryant. He is a mcml>er of tlic ^la- 
ponic order, also of the Knights of Honor, and is a consistent member of 
the Chi-isfian Clmrch. 

W. S. Bryant, ^(.r. JJryant is a n;iti\'e of Gai'i'ard county, IContnclry, 
wiicrc lie was horn Xuvonb.T i'l, 1824. \V)icn but fourteen years of a^e, ]\Ir. 
jlryaut canie'to Pike county, and located at Clarksville, where lie remained 
for about live years working at tlie business of taiiorini;. He returned to 
Kentucky in 1S4G, but in 1852 he a_u;ain left the state and journeyed over- 
l:ind to California, where he remained searching for gold fir abont eighteen 
months, when lie returned by shij), via Xicaraiigna. In 1S5G he went to 
Minnesota and engaged in the real estate business, lie assisted in laying 
out '-Mankota'' and •^' La Crescent,"' but did not remain long enough to 1 

sec these places bud into towns or blossom into cities, for in 1S57 he had settled 4 

in Ashley, and was enfrarred in merchandising;, which business he has since con- I 

tinned to follow. Air. Bryant was married duly 14:, 1850, to ^^liss Fanny i 

E. liiggs, by whom he has two children: John W. Bryant and Mrs. ]\Iary | 

W. McPike. Mr. Bryant is a good mercliant, a man of broad and liberal j 

views, and one of the most enterprising business men of this section of the ■\ 

county, in wliich he lias so long resided. He is a member of tlie Christian ] 

Church, and an earnest worker in the cause of Christianity. ';; 

W, B. Bryant, is a native of Lincoln county, Kentucky, where he was | 

born June 7, 1 831. He is a son of Edward G. Bryant, who was also a native of j 

Kentucky. His mother's maiden name was Catharine Kissenger, a sister of ^ 

Ilendley Kissenger, a well known and most excellent Christian gentleman of \ 

Calumet township. Edward and Catharine Bryant had eight children; 
viz., Margaret, Sarah. Potictice, Hcndley, Martha, "W. B., and C4eorge. The . - 

parents came to Missouri at an early day,, and settled near Prairieville, but very 
soon thereafter moved to Ashley townshijs, and located abont two miles 
east of the town of the sam.e name. Mr. Bryant's early life was spent on 
the farm where he engaged in laboring during the greater portion of 
the year and attending the common county schools during a few months in 
the winter season. In 18^1 he abandoned the farm for the store but after a 
short time again engaged in agricultural pursuits. He is at this time, how- 
ever, a member of th.e firm of George Bryant t*^' Brother, dealers in dry 
goods, groceries, etc., at Ashley, and are doing a iarge and prosperous busi- 
ness. The subject of our cketch v;as married in May, 1850, to Miss Mary 
Crow, daughter of John and Mary Crow, who were among the pioneers of 
Pike county. Six children have been born to Mr. and ]Mr&. "\V. B. Bryant, 
tliree of whom are living; viz., Mary C. Eveline, and John Bryant. Mrs. 



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Bryant died Ii: Sei)teinber, 1877. Mr. Eryant Ims been a meniber of t'.o 
Christian Chincli for tweuty-eigbt yeni's, and is specially attentive t*. hj. 
Christian duties and obligations, lie is also a member of the order of ih^ 
Xuights of Honor. 

James E. Cash. Tlie subject of tliis sketcb -tvas born in Pcno townthii, 
near the tovni of Frannford ;>n tlie 2Sth of July, 1S4S. H6 is the son of 
William and Emily (Holidayj Cash. When but five years of a:^e bis parents 
moved to Aehley township, \diere our subject was reared ard educated p-, 
cciving his insTruction at AVatson Seminary. In ISTO he engaged in the 
dry goods busin-ess in the city of Louisiana, ]>ut soon afterwards removed to 
Bowling Green, where lie continued the same business for some time wlicn 
he finally removed to Ashley, where he continues to reside and sttll engaire in 
ineroantilc pursuits with his father-in-law, ]\Ir. 3>. J. Bowen. Mr. Cash wa^ 
married in February, 1S72. to Miss Susannah Bowen. They have five chil- 
dren; viz., Edna M., Yerna B., Cora E., Tina, and a babe. Mr. Cash is a 
member of the Masonic order, a jovial gentleman, and has many friends. 

James Ciiamberlain, Among the pioneers of Pike county may he 
mentioned the subject of this sketci.. He is a native of Kentuckv, aiid 
was born February S, 1812. He came to Pike county in 1S2S wliere he ha? 
since lived, and to the advancement of the interests of his adopted lioir.c 
has contributed much both by his labor and enterprise. His historv is 
similar to that of others who assisted in clearing away the heavy forests or 
preparing the virgin soil of the prairies for the rece})tion of the seed that 
was to produce the needful crops. He was n?arried in the fall of 1S35 to 
Miss Martha Wright of this county. This union was blessed with nine 
ehiidrei:. After llio death of his first wife he married Mrs. Cynthia Huirh- 
lett. For several years lie resided near Xew Harmony. Since the death cf 
his last wife, in 1S7C, he has made his home with Mrs. Stafford. He is an 
earnest and zealous member of the Christian Church, 

F. A. Cllilds. Mr. Childs was born in Fauquier countv, Yiroinia, on 
January 22, ISIO. He is tlie eldest son of a large family of children. His 
early life was spent working on his fatlier's farm and attending the neighbor- 
hood schools. He was married, September 20, 1S53, to Sarah Strotlier, ak-o 
a native of Virginia. Mr. Childs came to Pike county with his family ii! 
1S65 and settled on the fai-m where he now resides, about two and a half 
miles from the town of Ashley. The farm contains two hundred acres v( 
valuable land, well improved and with indications of the energy and indns 
try of its o^\lJer everywhere disjdayed. !Mr. Childs has a family of seven 
children who, like himself, are active and energetic, and desirous of doing 

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something for tbemselves and those depcudcnt npon them. Mr. Cbilds 
cannot be chis-sed as an old settler, but has been hero lon^ enou£^h to be- 
come well acquainted with the people of the county, wlio hold him iu high 
cstecui for his many very excellent qualities. 

Samuel Coi'bitt. This gentleman is of Scotch-Irish extraction and was 
born in Donciral county, Ireland, on duly 4, ISIS. When ho was fir'tcon 
vears of age his parents cnme to America and settled in Tyler county, Vir- 
ginia, where our subject attained to manliood M'orkini^ upon a farm and at- 
tending the common district schools of the country. He was married, 
March 10, lS-li>, to Miss ^lavy A. Russell of Tyler county, Virginia. In 
1S5T they came to Missouri and settled within about two miles of the tov^-n 
of Ashley, wliere he contiiiued to reside for twenty-tl»ur years. During the 
war he was taken prisoner b\ the Confederates, and was forced to take the 
oath not to again take up arms against the south, after which he ';vas per- 
mitted to return to his home. Mr. and Mrs. Corbitt are the parents of 
seven children; viz., Joshua, Josejihine, Susan, Kate, Eveline, Robei-t, and 
Francis. Mr. Corbitt is a meujber of the O. S, Presbyterian Church. lie 
is regarded as an honest, upright man, and lias the confidence and esteem 
of his neighbors and acquaintances. 

John Crow (deceased). Among the early settlers of Ashley township 
none were better knov\-n or nioie higlily respected thar) the subject of this 
sketch. Born in Mercer county, Iventncky, in March, 1792, he spent his 
youth on a farm, receivinc-- such instruction at the schools of the countv as 
vvas common iu the times in which he lived. Before he had attained his 
maji.iity, in October, ISl:^, he was married to Miss Polly Little of the same 
county with himself, and who survives her husband, and is one of tlie very 
oldest ladies non- living in Pike county. Air. Crow enlisted and took an 
active part in the ^V^<ll• of 1S12. His services were recognized by the gov- 
ernment, and during his life he received a pension for the service rendered, 
and since Ills death Mrs. Crow receives the same as the widow of a soldier 
of the War of 1812. In 1S13 Mr. Crow's family removed to Davis county, 
where they lived until 1621, when they came to ]\[issouri, first settling in 
Boone county, Ns'here tliey st;'.yed but twelve months, when they removed 
to Pike and settled on a IVirm near the site of the present town of Ashley. 
At this time there were but few settlers, neighbors were few, and the im- 
provements meager and p'>or. Mr. Crow built the customary log-cabin in 
whicli they contrived to summer, without either window or door. Louisiana 
was at this time the trading point for this settlement, and for even th.e 
smallest article the settlers vreru compelled to travel twenty miles. At Mr. 

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Crow's cabin was held the first religions exercises in the neigbborliocl. llf-, . 
Jamc3 W. Oduipbell occasioiuilly preaching there by appointment. ^Mp. 
Crow was auioiig tlie first to agitate the question of bnihJing a cliureh. an-i 
to his zeal and energy muoli of the early interest cxhibitf-cl in both eiinc;t- 
tional and religious njatter.-? is to be atcriVnited. He w&< a man of fren',- 
energy and acti\-ityj and by iiis efforts and j^ersevei'ance he succeeded i-i 
acqniring a good pro]ierty. Air. Crow was tlie fatlier of eight cliildreit, six 
of whom are still living, and are recognized as good and worthy citizens in 
the several communities in Avhich they reside. Mr. Crow died July 11, 1ST4, 
leaving not onh' his own family, but a large circle of neighbors and friends 
to mourn his loss. His wile still survives, but she, too, must ere long fill 
into tlic tomb, v/here, together, like weary travelers on tiioir \va,y to Jeru>:i- 
lem, they Uiay rest until the trumpet of the archangel shall summon theiu 
to judgment and to an inim.ortality of happiness and joy. 

Martin (^'row. This gentleman, a nati\e of Davis county, Kentucky, 
was born Juh' 11, 1820. He is the son of James and lihoda (Stemmons) 
Crow, both of whom were born in Mercer ('now Boyle) coun.ty, Kentucky, 
and not far from the town of Danville. James Crow was born July 1, 17SS, 
and Khoda Stemmons March 25, 1792; they were married October 25, IblU. 
Their union was blessed vrith live children, three daughters and two sons; 
viz., Xancy, Harriet, Sarah, Jacob, and Martin, the subject of tliis sketch. 
James Crow died August 31, 1822, in Davis county, Kentucky, and in 1S27 
his widow, in company with her brother-in-law, Walter Crow, came to Pike 
county, making the entire trip from Kentucky here on horseback, to look at 
these wild western lands, and to determine wliether or not she thought it 
best to move her family to Missouri. They finally determined to settle in 
Pike county, and here she lived happily with her children until 18S1, whcji 
she quietly passed away. Martin Crow, our subject, was reared upon the 
farm upon which he nov; resides, and early imbibed those industrious hal>- 
its which liave been of incalculable advantage to him in subsequent lite. 
His education was limited; but what he lacked in the knowledge of books, 
was amply made up for by his acquaintance with the business ways of the 
world, and the knowledge he possessed of men and things. In the spriiiiT 
of 1850 he made an overland trip to California in company with his nndo, 
"Walter Crow, taking out a drove of cattle intended f:»r that far western mar- 
ket. He caine home in 1852, returning by way of >sew Orleans, and en- 
tered with new zest upon the duties of the farmer. Mr. Crow was marriea 
October IS, 15.55, to A[i-s Louisa Hendrick, daughter of the late Moses 
Hendrick, of Cov,dinii Green. Seven children have blcosed tliis union; viz.. 

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Kinma i)., Henry (■., Eilward E., John S., Sally ]\[., Ora 11, .'aid Lowell K. 
(h-osv, all of whom are living. Mr. Crow Jias a iiiaonificent farm of 730 
acres of laiul, which is in a high state of eiiltivalion, with cxcollont im- 
provements, and which, is made hy good management and judicious enlti- 
Viitlon to yield laigc returns fur the lahor bestowed upon it. Mr. Grow is a 
oQod manager, and an euterjirising citizen, and is justly classed among the 
solid and sub>tantial mun of the county. ■ . 

J. L. Elmore, son of Freeman F. Elmore, wlio was the eldest son of Ben- 
jamin Elmore. F5enjamin Elrao]"e was the son of J^)enjaniin and Kehecca 1 

Elmore, of Welsh origin, who lived in Maryland. Benjamin, father of Free- ,} 
man P., was married to Mary Cobb January 24-, 1811. They arrived in Pike 1 

county, Missouri, in ^'Tovember, lSoi\ settling five mile^ soutli of Ashley. ! 

They were the parents of ten children. .Freeman P. Elmore was born in \ 

Caswell county, >>'oj'th Carolina, December 5, 1811, and came with his ; 

parents to this count} in 1 S30. lie w-ns married December 22, 1S31, to ] 

]\[artha Orr, daughter of Fobert Orr. In tlie spri?igof ISIO they removed to 1 

Lawrence county, Missouri, and in the fall of 1852 to Lafayette county, | 

Missouri. i\e was a zealous worker in the cause of education and relifion. 
He died February 1, 1853. After his death the widowed mother and six chil- I 

dren returned to A.-hley, The names of the children living are Frances j 

Eliza, Benjamin P., May A.^ James L., Kobert O., Thomas J., Joan Helena, ] 

and Freeman E. Martha Orr Elmore, the mother of our subject, who was J 

born Octber 15, 1S14, was the daughter of Pobert Orr, who was the son « 

of James and Agiies Orr of ]N'orth Carolina, of Irish descent. James Orr • 

served in the Kevolutionary War. Fiobert Orr was born January 3U, ITbS, \ 

in Isorth Carolina, and was married January 10, ISll, to Frances Swit^t. j 

In ISlGRobei't Orr and iamily moved to Lincoln county, Missouri, and in " | 
1818 came to Pike county. They were the parents of nine children. J. L, 
Elmore, our subject, was born October 13, 1813, in Lawrence county, Mis- 
souri. "Wlien he was ten years of age his parents mo\ed to Lafayette 
county, where his father died, when the mother and children came to Ash- 
ley. He was reared in Ashley, received his educati(>n at Watson Semi- ' 
nary, being the first scholar on the fir.-t day of the opening of the school. In j 
1879 he engaged in merchandising with Orr, Grigg i!c Co., he being one of 
the firm for three years, when he sold his interest ar.d engaged in the same 
business with B. J. Bowen, at Ashley, and was in business with ^[r. F>oweu 
for live years, when he sold his interest and engaged in business by liimself 
for two years, until January, 1882. In March, 1882, he engaged with Mr. 
Briggs in the same businccs. He was married April 23, 1871, to Miss Addie 

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L. Summers, tbe daui^hter of V\'. IJ. Summers of Quiucj', Illinois. Thcv 
are tlie parents of two children: (l-ertrude and ilalpb. lie is a member of 
tbe C. P. Cliuroh, and Knights of Honor. 

Tlioiuas ,j. Elmore, of the firm of Elmore tl' KImore, wool curding ai;.l 
saw-milling, is the son of B^reemim P. Elmore and Martha ^Orr) Elmore. Our 
subject wasjboni March 31, 1S50. He was reared in Ashley and received 
bis education at AVatson Semin;uy. At tbe age of twenty-one be com- 
menced to teach school and taught for some six terms. He then eno-aged 
in farming for some three years. He was married April 19, 1871, to Miss 
Mary E. Pritcbett, daughter of ^Villiam Pritcbett, of this county. They 
are tbe parents of one child, Ethel May. Tbe wool carding mill cards about 
5,000 pounds of wool e-acb season. The saw-mi!! does a good business, saw- 
ing tbe native logs into all kinds of lumber. Mr. Elmore is a member of 
tbe Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and of the Knights of Honor. He 
is a young man of good business qualities and lias tbe respect and coiiii- 
dence of those who kn.ow him. • - ■ 

John A. Ely. Among tbe stock dealers of Pike county none are, per- 
baps, better or more favorably known than tbe subject of this sketch. Mr. 
Ely is a native of Palls county, Missouri, where he was born Jauuaiy 24-, 1840. 
He is tbe son of John and Sarah (Fike) Ely, who wore natives of Kentucky. 
His youth was spent on the tarm and in attending the district scliools of tlic 
county. Just before attaining his majority, on September 10, 1856, be was 
married to Miss Mary A. Lane, daughter of Frederick Lane, who was among 
the first settlers of Pike county and who located near Frankford many years 
ago. Some years ago Mr. Ely moved upon tbe farm where be now resides, 
which is known as tbe William McPike farm, and which contains about 750 
acres of most excellent land. Here be has devoted bis attention to farming 
and stock-raising, producing about five thousand bushels of wheat per an- 
num and handling many mules and cattle. Ins muk' sales alone amounting 
last year to some twelve thousand live hundred dollars. He also bandies 
great numbers of cattle, having about 200 on band at tbe present time. Mr. 
Ely is no doubt the largest dealer in mules in the county and be is always 
ready to buy any stock of this kind, while he is also prepared to put upon 
tbe market at any time such character of stock of this kind as tbe trade may 
seem to demand. Although Mr. Ely is living upon a rented faim he has 
no less than 3SC acres of most excellent land of bis own, 2<dQ acres near 
Ashley and 120 acres not far from tbe town of Bowling Green. While Mr. 
Ely is recognized as one of tbe best, as well as one of tiie largest, traders in 
the county, his fair and honorable dealing has gained him tbe confidence ol 


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tlic public and the respect uf all who arc personally acquainted with him. 
lie is a nieaiber of the Masonic order and also of the Knights of Ilunor. 

Edward Dire I'^jiutsou (deceased). This oUi t>ettlcr was a native of 
Alhcniarle county, A'irginia. His wife v/as Elizabeth Dows, raised in the 
same county with her husband. They came to Missouri in 1815) and settled 
in Pike county, some six miles southwest of the town of Louisiarui, where 
Mr. Emerson continued to reside until his deatli, at the age of seventy-three 
vears. Mr. Emerson was thrice marrie*!. By his first wife he had eleven 
children, six sons and five daughters; by his second wife, Isabella Shields, 
one son and three daughters. His third wife was Mihlred Peay; there were 
no children from this union. The subject of our sketch belonged to the pio- j 

neers of the county and with their efforts he united his own energies in the i 

development of this new and wonderful country. He bore his part of the -j 

hardships, incurred his proportion of the risks, and contributed his ratio of j 

effort to the clearing away of the forests and tiie preparation uf the country I 

for the pleasant abode and comfoi'table homes of those who were to succeed | 

him. To him and to others like him the present generation owe a debt of ! 

lasting gratitude for tlicir herculean et^orts in our belialf and for the pros- i 

perity which has C'>me to us as the result of hoth their energy and their j 

wisdom. Mosr of these old pioneers have passed away but their works have -i 

been let''t by which we can know them, and which will long continue to stand .j 

as enduring monuments to their worth and memory. | 

E. D. Emerson. This gentleman, a son of Edward Dire Emerson, was J 

born in Buffalo tovrnsliip, Pike county, July 12, 1S24. His youth was spent . j 
in assisting in the cultivation of his father's farm. Dui'ing this p)criod he "j 

attended the common country schools and received such limited education | 

as they were capable of imparting. Mr. Emerson was married, September j 

27, 18-49, to Miss Catharine Peay, danghter of George W. Peay, then of j 

Bufi:alo township, but now of Bowling Green, Missouri. This union was j 

blessed with eight children, fuur boys and four girls. Mr. Emerson had the ' • 

misfortune to lose his wife a few years ago. She died, January 7, 1881. 
Mr. Emerson removed to the farm upon which he now resides in ISHS. He 
has sixty-eight acres of excellent land in a high state of cultivation, M-ith 
excellent i.mprovements on the farm, including a splendid residence where 
he continues to reside with most of his children. Mr. Emerson has taken 
pains to give to his children the advantag-es of a good education and thus 
fit them for the right diooharge of the duties of tlieir future stations or posi- j 

tions in life. He is an urbane and courteous gentleman, an excellent and j 

deser\-ii;g citizen, and possessed of that genuine hospitalitv which character- 


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izes tlie V^irginians from wliom he is directly d'jscended. lie lias a very in. 
tolligent and iiiterestinp' family of children aliout him, aud his life ajijicara 
to be one of gr;nr,ine happiness and eontentiucnt. 

\. Gibson. This irentlemnii is a native of Pi-att comity, Missouri, v/hoio 
he ■was born September IT, 18-15. lie is the son of Dr. J. .X. Gibson, v/iio 
was a native of Tennessee. Mr. Gibson's early life was spent attendini: 
school, and in March, 1S66, he came to Pike county and settled near Payne.--- 
ville where he v\-a.- enga<;!:ed in until March, ISsl, when he i-emoved 
to Ashley and commenced to sell dry goodr-. At this time he is selling 
drugs, of which he carries a very full stock, also dealing in patent medi- 
cines, stationery, and other lines of goods in keeping with the best interests 
of liimself and Jiis custoiners, ^!r. Gibr^on. was married, October •2.1>. 187!. 
to !Miss Anna Eastiu of Payncsville. They have but tv,-o children, both 
girls, Mary E. aud Katie M. Giltson. Mr. Gibson is a good business man, 
and by his honest and u])right dealing has made many fir.n friends among 
the people of his new home. He is a member of tlie Masonic fraternity and 
highly esteemed by his bretliren of the craft. 

M. T. GrijU'g;^. Tliis geinleman was born in Adams county, Kentucky, 
Au'nist 16, 1832. lie is tlie son of Samuel X. Griggs, a native of Korlh 
Carolina, and Kachel (McCarty) Griggs, a lady born and reared in Kentucky. 
He came with Ids fiitlier to ^Missouri when a mere child about the year 1S33 
or 1S34. His life has been passed in Pike county. He followed the avoca- 
tion of a blacksmith for a period of fifteen years, when, in 1809, he engaged 
in mercantile pursuits having for a partner Mr. W. D. Orr, of Ashley. At 
the p)resent time he is conducting the business alone, and has a large and 
lucrative trade. j\[r. Griggs was married September 10, 1856, to Miss 
Amanthus E. Smith, daughter of Jesse K. and Eliza Ann Smith, of Ashley. 
The subject of our sketch has been constable of the township in which he 
resides, and for twelve years treasurer of Watson Seminary, the duties ot 
which position he has discharged with great satisfaction to all tlie parties 
concerned. Mr. Griirgs is a member of the Masonic order, and belongs to 
Cliapter Xo. 15. He is also a .Knight of Honor, and takes great interest in 
the welfare and prosperiry of the orders of v.-hich he is a member. He is 
also a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and is specially at- 
tentive to the discharge of his religious duties. Mr. Griggs has long been 
identified v>^lth the business interests of Ashley, aud has done much to ad- 
vance its material prosperity. lie has the confidence and respect of the 
people of the community where he resides, and can always be relied upon 
to lend a helping hand to any worthy cause or an enterprise looking to tlie 



^ ■ i' t. -"o r>:uV''.i. 

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a(lvantaf,^e. of his town or conininnity. JIo is a good citizen, and is well 
known in many portions of the county, and overywliere esteemed for his 
probity and n]»!iu,litnosr? of chtiracter. 

J. F. Haiiua. M. 1). Di'- Hanna was born near Florida, Monroe county, 
Missouri, April Vl», 1S38, near tlnj jdace where the noted- "Mark Twain '- 
first saw the world whose denizens he has contributed so niiich to amuse. 
In 1855, when but seventeen years of ai!;e, he entered AVatson Seminary, whore 
he remained until July, 1S5T, when he went to Westminster Colle;^'e, at 
Fulton, Missouri, entering the junior class. lie continued liis academic 
studies until 1859, at which time he graduated. He now returned to Mon- 
roe county, and commenced the study of medicine with Dr. James Goodies, 
of Florida. IFei-e he. i-emained until October, when he went to Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, remaining until April, 1801, when he re- 
turned home and again read for a time with Dr. Goodies. In the fall of 
1S61 he entered St. Louis Medical College, from which institution he grad- 
uated in the month of F'ebrnary, 1802. Dr. Ilanna now returned to Florida, 
Missouri, and practiced iiis profession with good success until August, 1803, 
when he removed to Ashley, where he has since resided, enjoying a large 
and lucrative practice. Dr. Ilanna was married August 19, 18C2, to Miss 
Mary C. Matthews, of Mexico, ]\[issouri. Tiiey liave two children, George 
William and Charles Meigs Ilanna, both residents of Ashley. Dr. Ilanna 
is well known in Pike county, and stands well with his brethren of the pro- 
fession. He also has the confidence of the ])eople, both as a man and a 
ph}'fciciau. He is coniparatively a young man, and a long career of useful- 
ness is still open before him. 

J. L. Harness, the son of Granville and Jane (Oompton) Harness, was 
born in Wood county, Virginia, March 17, 1827. When but six years of 
age his parents removed to Washington county, Ohio, ^vhere he vras reared 
and educated. He was married July 8, ISIO. to Eliza Beswick, daughter of 
James and Augusta Beswick, of Ohio. In March, 1850, our subject came 
with his family to Pike county, where he has since continued to reside. 
Mr. Harness has one of the best farms in Ashley township, embracing an 
area of 2'23 acres, all ul which is in a high state of cultivation, and with 
other general and substantial improvements. Mr. Harness has reared a 
family of seven children, four of whom (George L., John L., James K., and 
Edward M.) are still living. Mr. Harness has given his children the ad- 
vantages of a good education, and thus fitted tiit-m for their de.-tined sta- 
tions in society. Besides following the avocation of a farmer, Mr. Harness 
devotes considerable attention to stock-raising, which has been a source of 

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very considerable profit for tjonie vears past. Mr. Harness is well known 
and highly esteemed by the members of the community in which he re- 
sides. '..*"• 

31. Hai1Ji;lit, farmer and stock-raiser. Amon>^ tliose of Ashley townsliip 
who are worthy of notice in the history of the county, is the siihject of this 
sketch svlio was born in Monongalia county, Virginia, son of Tobias ah<l 
Abigail (Moore) iiaught. When three years old iiis parents removed to 
Tyler county. I:[e was reared a fanner and received a limited education. 
He enlisted in August, 18(»2, in the Fifteenth Virginia Infantry; was en- 
gaged in some thirteen battles, during one of which lie was severely wounded 
in the hand. He svas married February 25, 1868, to Miss Matilda Moore 
of Tyler county, A'irginia. He came to Pike county in the fall of 1SC5, and 
.settled in Ashle}^ township. He has a line farm of 385 acres of good land, 1 

under a high state of cultivation. He is engaged quite extensively in stock- 
raising, his farm being well adaj)ted for that purpose. They are the parents 
of nine children: Melissa, Peter T., Sarah A.., Hester A., E!izal>etli E,, 
Ollie, Ida, Lueindia, Michael, and James. Mr. Haught comes of large 
stock, the con^biued w-'ight of his parents being 500 pounds. His father 
was a soldier in the War of 1812. 

Elliott HoHiday (deceased). This gentleman was a native of Virginia, 
but when quite young his parents removed to. Iventucky, and settled in 
Clarke county. Here our subject was partially raised, and at an early day 
he was married to Ilachael Johnson of Fayette county. In the fall of 1834 
Mr. Holliday moved with his fomily to IMissouri, and settled near Ashley, 
in Pike county. There were eleven childi-en: Eliza Ann, S. W., Polly, 
Sally, Xancy, Martha Jane, Emily T., James W., Lewis, Owen, and Marga- 
ret. Lewis and Owen lloliiday are still living upon the old homestead — 
two jolly bachelors — dispensing a generous hospitalitj' in a right royal 
manner. Asiile}' has no citizens v.-ho have more fully the confi ieuce and re- 
spect of her people than the Holliday brothers. Their farm is a good one, \ 
containing -iiO acres of land, and here they both tarm and engage in stock- 
raising, as well as trade very largely in the same. They are active business 

men, good traders, and altogether responsible. i 

James Hunii)l!i'eys. Among the pioneer families of Ashley township, i 

of whom our subject is a descendent, may be mentioned l\[r. Humphreys, 

who was born in the state of North Carolina, in August, 182 L Plis father, 

Colman Humphreys, was a native of Virginia, and went with his parents to 

Xortli Carolina in a very early day, where he was raised. In 1827 Mr. 

Humphreys moved his family to Missouri, and settled near tlie present town 



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of A^lilcv, on the farm now owned and occnpied by onr subject, on whieli 
he reared a family of six children, four sons and two dani^hter?, iivt- of 
v,-]ioni are stilj livi'ig, the father dying in 1S07, the mother in Auguet, 
1845. Jamcb lluni]>reys' youth was past on the farm, Jiis educational ad- 
vantages were those of the common school; being the. youngest of four sons 
he remained at the old liomestead, his present farnn containing 1S5 acres 
of choice land, well watered, and plenty of timber. The soil is of a superior 
quality with red clay for a subsoil. This land is well adapted to the growing 
of all kinds of small grain, as well as grass. The earlier part of J^lr. Hump- 
hreys' life has been devoted to the raising of grain, but in later years he has 
turned his attention to raising stock and trading in mules, Mr, lluiuphreys 
was married in iS50 to Rebecca King, daughter of James II. King, who was 
one among the early settlers of Ashley township. The result of this hui)py 
union has been thi-ec children: Mary E., James C, and Annie A. Person- 
ally Mr. IJinnphreys is a plain nnassuraing man; he is a good neighbor and 
well esteemed. 

Robert Irviu (deceased). Promijient among the pioneers of Pike county 
was Pobert Irvin. He was a native of Kentucky, and was born August il, 
17S1. At the age of twenty-one years Mr. Irvin moved to Duck Iliver, 
Tennessee, where he lived for a nnmber of years, and where he was married 
to Miss Rachel Ilill. In ISIS they started for Pike county, Missouri, with. 
pack horses and bringing with them several slaves. Their route was through 
a poorly settled country, and frequently they camped at the tents or huts of 
the Indians, who invariably treated them with great kindness and hospitality. 
When Mr. Irvin first reached Missouri, he formed the acquaintance of an 
old liunter, named Charles "Wells, who kindly offered to guide him to a good 
site for a home. The ofier was accepted and the hunter conducted hirn to a 
splendid place, his old homestead, now occupied by liis son, A. J. Ir^-in. At 
that time Indians were numerous, and bears and other wild animals were 
almost daily seen in the forests. Mr. Irvin bought the land shown him by 
Mr. Wells, at the first land sale held in the state, and at once commenced to 
improve it and to arrange conveniences for himself and neighbors. He had 
some money and miich enttTprise, and as soon as suitaljle houses for his 
family had been provided, he built a saw and grist-mill, a distillery, ancl a 
blacksmith sho[>. This mill is believed by many to have been the second 
one built in the county. Th.e blacksmith shop was of untold benefit to the 
early settlers, and tlie distillery, which supplied the hardy settlers with good 
whisky at twenty-live cents a gallon, was by some regarded as a sign of the 
special favor of divine providence. Mr. Irvin was ohq of the first extensive :) ■■'.'. 

S! I 




farmeri5 of tlie county aud did ujuch to stimulate otiieis to eflorU in the 
same direction. By his first wife Mr. Irvin had but one chiKl, WjUiaiu 
Irvin, a sketch of vlioso life ap['c:irs elsewhere in this work. Mr. Irviti 
was married the second time to Miss Xancy Smithcrs of Shawneetown, liH- 
iiois, and this union was bles;ed with seven children; viz., Josephu?, Bedorn, 
John, Kaney, Ivobort, now deceased, Jesse, and A. J. Irvin, all of whom arc 
active and worthy members of society. Mr. Irvin was justice of the peace 
for twcTity years, bonght and sold large quantities of land in the neighbor- 
hood where he resided, and did much to build up the material interests of 
the county. He died in October, 1803, and his last wife follov;ed him to the 
tomb in March, 1870. 

A. J. Irvin. ->l^i'- Irvin is a son of Robert Irvin, a sketch of whose life 
has already been written. The subject of this sketch was born in Pike 
county, and upon the tarm where he now lives, on February 4, 1837. He is 
a successful farmer and stock-raiser, to the duries of which he has been 
trained from his earliest boyhootk He was married February 13, 1867, to 
Miss Xancy D, Jo^inson of Fineoln county. Tliis union has been blessed 
with three children, Jeifer=on C, lona C, and Susan Irvin. Mr. Irvin 
ovvns a fine farm of 380 acres, upon which is an excellent two-story resi- 
den.ce splendidly furnished and with surroundings indicative of much taste. 
He devotes considerable attention to the raising of thorough-bred cattle and 
in his herd can be found many animals scarcely to be surpassed by any oth- 
ers in the county. Mr. Irvin ib an energetic, driving business njan, wide 
awake to his ovv-n interests but not unmindful of the rights and interests of 
others. He is a good trader and is ra}>idly accumulating. He is courteous, 
urbane, and hos})itabie, and the writer would here exjjress his own obligations 
for the kindness and consideration shown him vsdiile stopping for a short 
time a" his delightful country ho)ne. 

AVilliaiu 0. Kei'i*- Tliis gentleman was borji on the old homestead, 
near x\shley, I)eceml)er i'4, 1834. He is the son of Thomas G. Kerr, a na- 
tive of Augusta county, \'irgi7iia, born Xovember 1, 1796, and of Margaret 
(Calbreath) Kerr, also of Virginia. Thomas G. Kerr, and wife were mar- 
ried April 2:i, 1823. They had live children, Elizabeth II., Sarah J., John 
F., Thomas C, and William G. Kerr, the subject of this sketch. The old 
gentleman, Thomas G.Kerr, came to Pike county in the fall ot 1828 and 
settled upon the farm on which William G. Kerr now resides. He died 
August 31, 1834-. He was a good citizen, well known in the county at that 
early day and had done much to advance the material iiiterests of the peo- 
ple with whom he liad cast fortunes. Our sul>ject, W. G. Kerr, was 


J ^-.-.i Mt 

/■IdJ'. / -• ',' . 



reared upon the place where he now resides, labored upon tlic farm the 
■ rreater purtioii of the year, and attended the district school during a part of 
TlM-'wintcr season. He was inMrried January 21, 1^50, to Mi^s llattie Cul- 
well, dano-hter of Jaine.> C. Cuhvcll, one of the pioneers of Pike county. 
Tiiey liave rccired a family of nine children. >.Ir. Iverr has an excellent 
farm of 326 acres, a splendid dwelling and. a cumuiodious barn, and other 
necessary outd-uildings to meet the general wants of both the farmer and 
etock-raiser. Mr. Kerr is a iiicmber of the church and an elder uf the 

W. H. 3IarzoIf. The subject of this sketch is anative of I'ike county; 
where he was born February 2, iS39. He is a son of George and Mary 
(Rennor') Marz^.lf. and is the third child of a large family. Jle was reared 
on a farm and received his education at the common schools of the country. 
He was married January S, 1S71, to Miss I^laria M. Mittleberger of St. 
Charles county. Their unioii has been blessed with four children, all 
dauirhters. ]\lr. Marzulf owns a good farm of ISl acres and everything ap- 
pertaining to the same indicate the thrift and enterprise of its owner. Mr. 
Marzulf is a consistent member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church 
and is an elder in the same. His wife and two eldest daughters are also 
connected with the same religions organization. 

P. 31. McXolly. This gentleman was born in Randolph county, Hlinois.. 

August 30, 1834. When but live years of age his parents removed to St. 

Genevive, Missouri where our subject resided until he reached the age of 

eighteen years, when the family went to Monroe coimty, Illinois, where Mr. 

McXelly lived for five years, then went to Calhoun county, Illinois, and 

thence to Pike connty, Missouri. During the war he enlisted in Comjmny 

B., Tenth Missouri Calvary, and after serving for three years, most of the 

time as orderly sergeant, he was honorably discharged, and returning settled 

in Pike county. He was married April 9th, -18.^7, to ]\[iss Amelia Yancil, 

daughter of Daniel Yancil, one of the old settlers of this county. Mr. and 

Mrs. ^[cXelly have a family of seven children, four sons and three daughters. 

Mr. McXelly has for a number of years been the superintendent of the 

county tarm, and so economic has been hi:; administration and so successtul 

his management that the per capita of cost has been merely nominal and 

the institution has proven almost self-sustaining. His management has not 

only elicited the hiirhest commendations from both the county court and 

the citizens generally, but has also attracted the attention of neighboring 

counties, who are anxious that their own oiiicials might imitate so worthy 

and safe an example. Mr. McXelly is a member of the Masonic order, also 


,i: ::■ .\ - l. 

,. ; ;rl. . 




a Knii:^lit of rytliias, Kni;_^ht of Ilonor, and a member of tlieotxler of Uuitvil 
Workmen. IJe is a genial gentleman with many friends and has the reb>^oct 
and coniideiice of the general jniblio. 

John E. McPilie. Thi^ ^(ontleman ii the son of jI IT. ^TcPike, one ci 
the pioneers of Pike count}'. He was bc>rii September i^S, 1S54-, on a funi! 
near Bowling Green, and upon wliich his early life was spent. Mr. Mcl'iko 
was educated at Watson Seminary at Ashley, and at the J>aptist CoUc-y ar 
Louisiana. Our subject war- married October 1, ISIS, to Miss Marv V. 
Bryant, daughter of W. S. Bryant, of Ashley. They have two children: 
Ben Bryant and Bioberta M. McPike. Jn March, 18S0, Mr. McPike en- 
gaged in the mercantile business, with his father-in-law as his partner, to 
which business ho is at this time devoting his attention. Tie is regarded as 
a good business, man, and the firm stands well in commercial circles, Mr. 
McPike occupies a prominent social position, having the confidence cf the 
business public, and the respect and esteem of those with whom he is 
brought into social contacL 

J. A. I\[lU'l)]jy. This gentleman, tlie sou of John and Elizabeth (Bou- 
ther) Murphy, was born in Alton, Bliuois, March 27, 1831. "When quite 
young his parents went to Arkansas, where they resided fur about four 
years when they moved to Newton county, Missouri, where our subject re- 
sided until ISfji. ilc was reared in town, and received such education as 
the facilities of the place iiiiorded. His father long carried (Ui a carriage 
shop, and )iis son worked in the same for many years. At the age of twen- 
ty-one he commenced to work at the carpenter's trade, which he continued 
to follow for about tliree years. In 1862 ^Ir. Murphy moved to Mattoon, 
Illinois, when, after a year's residence, he went to Terre Haute, Indiana, 
where he lived for two years, and in 1865 came to Pike county, Illinois, 
where he spent one year. In 1866 he located at Clarksville, Missouri, and 
the year succeeding he moved to Ashley, where he has since resided. He 
was married September 2, 1860, to Miss Mary Tiebecca Price, of Pike county, 
Missouri. They have seven chikiren, all of whom are living. Mr. 
Murphy is engaged in the carriage business; has a good shop, does about 
$2,000 worth of work per annum, and gives good satisfaction to his cus- 
tomers, lie is a member of the C. P. Church, and is esteemed as a consci- 
entious and worthy citiz^jn. 

D. A. NaHv' is a native of Culpepper county, A'irgiiiia, where he was 
born Septeuiber 14, 1814. lie is the son of Ilezekiah and Susan (Bowie) 
Xally, who resided in Virijlnir., and raired a family tf ten children, of whom 
our subject was the second. Mr. N'ally was raised on a farm., and like other 

I ■.. ' ' t>> '■-:? !o 



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fa^n-uA /. M^s^ 


farmers' sons of that early day, received only a cuniuion JM>f]jlish education. 
He was married in September, ISoT, to Miss Merriam Kite, which union 
was blessed with seven children. j\lrs. Xally died in JMay, .185-1, and Mr. 
JS'ally was subserjiiently married to .Miss May Avers, daii':,d;tur of liicliard 
Ayers, of this county, and one of the early settlers of Tike. Mr. Xally 

has, for several years, served as justice of the peace in the township wliere i 

be resides. lie has 200 acres of excellent land, wiiich he cultivates to the ! 

best advantage, and from which he annuuUy doi-ives a good return for his j 

labor. Mr. Nally has lived in the county since ISolJ, and is well known to j 

many of our best citizens, who liold him in high esteem. Pie is a member | 

of the Mtrthodist Church;, and strictly attends to his religions duties. j 

Alfred Odeii. Among the early settlers of Ashley township and well j 

Vv'orthy of a conspicuous place in the histury of the county is the sut>ject of | 

this sketch. Mr. Odon was born in 2\orth Middlcton, Bourbon cuunty, j 

Kentucky, on tlio the l"th day of July, XS12. His education was received I 

while ho yer. resided v^ithin the limits of his native state. On the lotii of ] 

October, jS2S, he arrived with his parents in Pike county and settled three 1 

miles southwest of Ashley on wliat was knov/n as Brusby Ci'eek where Mr. ' 

Oden cut the first tree, preparatory to a clearing, that had ever been felled i 

in that section. At that early day nniny of the settlers entered their land, l 

and Mr. Oden"s father did the same, and began at once to improve his prop- I 

erty, which soon came to be valuable. Mr. Oden remembers that <'-ame v\-as 1 

at that time very abundant. and the wolves so numerous and destructive to ^ 


pigs and lambs that it was next to impossible to raise either. Duriu'"'' the \ 
winter of 1S29 and IS-O our subject performed the duties of clerk for two j 
of the merchants of Bovv'ling Greoi, and well remembers when Judge 1 
Tucker held court in a room without any tloor other than the earth, and i 
when the logs were piled in the middle of the room and burned in a heaji J 
for the |iui'pose uf warnjing the aj>artment. In 1S''2 ]\[r. Oden enlis-ted as i 
a soldier in the Black Hawk War, under Captain ]\Iace of Peno towriship. { 
Mr. Oden was jnarried, May 23, 1831, to Miss Francos Ann Brown, a na- 
tive of Virginia, who died in 1861, arid some years thereafter he was i 
again married, to Miss Susan C. Davis of Pike county. Mr. 0)de!i has j 
raised a family of six children. lie lias long been identified with the j 
growth and pros]>erity uf Ashley, and has contributed no little to advance j 
its material interests. C'ur subject is a gep.tlennm uf good information, j 
thoroughly familiar witli the history of the county; an enterprising citizen, J 
a good neighbor, a Mason above reproach, and a consistent and zealous mem- ] 
ber of the CLrisfian Chui'cli, ,| 

W i]liM !.\i\j'.'lil 

!■ /. 


Goor^'e F. Po^'Ser. Tlie subject of this sketch was born in Stark ountv. 
Oliio. March 2T, IS 17. He is the sou of John and Barbara Poyser, aiid 
was left an oimjIkui at the age of five years. He ]\assed his youth on the 
farm, and at tlie age of seventeen coiumenced to learn the carpenter's trade. 
He moved to Vv^arliington county. Ohio, v.-here he nuirried Lucv JUirk, 
Marcli 18, 1S38. To them two cliildren, Ronena and A, I). Poyser, were 
born. Having lost his wife Mr. Poyser was married the second time 
to Elizabeth P. "Wells, In 1S55 he came to Pike county and settled near 
Asliley. He lias a farm of 100 acres and is doing a good business with the 
Ashley meat market, of which he is tlie proprietor. 

TJieodore Purse. The subject of this sketch is a native of New York, 
born in the m.etropolis of the Union on the 2Sth of July, 1832. He is the 
son of John and vSusan De Gove Purse. His fatlu-r was a native of H'cland, 
and liis mother a native of Vermont. Mr. Purse had good advantages for 
obtaining a plain and practical English education until he had reached his 
fourteenth 3'ear, at which time lie abaiidoned the school-room and went to 
work to learn the carpenter's trade, which he continued to follow between 
five and six years, when in 1852 he made .a visit to this county, and in the 
spring of 18-53 he moved west and settled' in Ashley, which place he has 
since made his home. For several years he was engaged in the manufacture 
of reapers, which passed rapidly into the hands of the farmers and met a 
want which had not before been wholly su]i}ilied. In ISSl he engaged with 
his present partner, ^Fr. Wells, in the hardware trade, conducting the only 
house of the kind in Ashley, and doing a safe and successful business. Mr. 
Purse was married in April, 18.57, to Miss Samantha Wells, daughter of 
L. M. "Wells, also of Ashley. They have three children : Eliza U.. now Mrs. 
Bowman of Louisiana; "W. D., who is the county surveyor; and Susie Dora 
Purse, still at home with her parents. Mr. Purse is a member of the Old 
School Presbyterian Church and also of the Kniglits of Honor. By hi? 
honorable conduct and upright derJing with his fellow men he has made 
many friends and occupies in his community a reputation for honesty and 
purity of life and character that the good can well afford to envy. 

3Iose.s Renner. This gentlemen is the son of George Renner, who wae 
born in Germany, and when eleven years of age came with his parents to 
-America. George Ilenner resided in St. Charles county for some time, but 
after Pike county had been laid otf and nan:ed he moved here, and wa.« 
ainong its earliest settlers. He was first married to Miss Nancy Crow, by 
whom he had three children, tind afterwards to Miss Jones, who was born 5 
and raised in Cuivre township, in Pike county. Four children blessed tli;s t 

1 •' .." ' J ;( i K> ('.1' 'i'r'IH 

'" ' ' ■ '^fi i ' ;*;,'; Old 



unioii, and among them, and the youngest, the suiiject of this sketch, w]io 
was born April 15, 130-2. ]\[ovSes IJenner was reared a farmer, and has de- 
voted all his life to the cultivation of the soil. He is a young and intelli- 
gent bachelor, of good habits, and more than ordinarily successful as a 
fanner. He has had but little titno in vvbi'-h to nudce an}' history for him- 
self, but he has made a repututiou for honesty and square-dealing that is 
worth much to any young man just entering upon the active duties of life. 
If his success is to be measured by his energy and perseverance, failure will 
be impossible. 

Thomas A. Rhoades is a native of Tennessee, born near Xashville, 
December 10, 1829. He was reared on a farm, and received such education 
as usually fell to tlie lot of ffirmers' sons in that early day. When twenty- 
two years of age he came to Pike county, where he ii;;s since lived. He was 
married February 3, 1S5G, to Miss Eliza Smith, daughter of Ephrai'.n Smith, 
of Pike county, but formerly of Casey county, Iveutucky. They have no 
children. Mr. Tihoades has a farm in Ashley townsliip containing 1-ii 
acres of v^eil-i'uproved and very fertile land, uiion wjiich he resides, although 
he is personally kept away from home a great deal on account of his busi- 
ness, as he has for the last fourteen seasons been cnir'aged in runnincr nia- 
chines for the purpose of threshing the wheat and oats of his friends and 
neighbors. Mr. l^hoades is a worthy member of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Chui-ch,as is also his wife. Re has the confidence and esteem of the 
people among whom he has long lived. 

Judge S. S. Russell. Prominent among the business men ol Ashley 
may be mentioned the name of Judge Rnssell. Indeed he is recognized by 
tlie ]icople, among whom lie ha? long lived ar- the best representative of 
the energy and enter))rise, not only of the village of Ashley, but of the 
township of that name. Judge Russell is a native of West Virginia, where 
he was born September 17, 1 823. He is the son of Joshua Russell, a na- 
tive of Ireland, and who came to Virginia in 1S12, and for fifty 3-ears was 
engaged in selling goods in Tyler county. The raotlier of the subject of 
our sketch was Catharine A. Wells, of Ohio county, Virginia. Judge Jius- 
sell received but a limited school education, but early in life he entered his 
fatiier's store and ac(|uired that character of l)U5iness knowledge which has 
been of incalculable advanta^rc in his intercourse with the world. Judsre 
Russell came to Pike county in the fall of 1848, and settled at Ashley, 
where heat once engaged in mercliandising, whicii business he followed for 
eight consecutive ve;irs. For about two years he turned his attention to 
farming, when he again engaged in mercantile ]>ursuits, continuing to sell 

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goods xmi'il IStil. In IStio lie built a grist-iuill in piirtricrsliip wirh Mi-. ] 

AVilliam Sissuiu wliicli v^-as aovu ai'ter burncil, wlicn lie rebuilt, this time 
being alone, a larger mill, and with a caj^icity of about 400 bushels per day. 
AVith his sons, Judge Kussell is now engaged in milling, and also in specu- 
lating in wheal and otlier grain upon <|uite an extended scale. liis mills 
are at Ashley, wirilc his elev;itur is situated at U(.>wling (i-reen on account of 
the railroads furnishing suitable shipping facilities. Judge I^nsscll has 'j 

Beveral times been elected justice of the peace, and was chosen one of tho. 
count}" judges in 1850, and served the county very acceptably in that im-. 
portaut and diificult position. Judge liussell hn< always been one of the 
foremost men in every ente3'prisc that had for its object tlie interests of the 
connty, or the advancement of the material prosperity of his own town, or 
township. lie lias taken a deep interest in the educational interests of the 
cotmty, and has done much for Watson Seminary, a school situated near 
his home. Judge Itussell was married xSovember 5, 1S46, to !Maria Wells, 
daughter of YAl and Xancy Wells, and their union has been blessed with 
two children, both sons, Eli W., and John Ilussell, both of whom are still 
living and have, families of tlieir own. Judge Kussell is a consistent mem- 
ber of the O. S. Presbyterian Church, of which he is an elder, and to the 
support of which he contribtUes liberally. Eli W. Russell, the judge's 
eldest son, was born Septerabei- S, 1848, and was educated at AYatson Sem- 
inary; he was married Xovcmber 11, 1880, to Miss Mollie !Neff, daughter 
of John Xeft", of Lafayette county, Missouri. John Eussell, the youuge.-t 
son, was bom xVpril 12, 1850, educated, like his brother, at Watson Sem- 
inary, and was married December IG. 1ST4, to Miss A. E. Eeed, daughter 
of A. W. Ecod, of this county. They have two children, Xellieand Henry 
M. Eussell. Both Eli and John are associated with their father in the grain 
and n>illing business, which has proven C[uite profitable under their wise 
management and close business attention. t 

Stephen Shepherd (deceased) was born in Adams county, ]\entucky, 
February 28, 1825. When quite young he came to Pike count}-, Missouri, 
where he continued to reside until his death, which occurred on the 29th of 
March, 18VC. Mr. Shepherd was married in September, 1S60, to Miss 
Martha Letitia Chamberlain, daughter of James Chamberlain, who n<>w in 
his old age rmdccs his home at her house. Tliis union was blessed with three 
children: William B., ElHe May, and James S. Shepherd, Since her hus- 
band's death Mrs. Shepherd has continued to reside at the old homestead, a 
nice farm of sixty-eight acrc:^, well improved and in a high state of cultiva- 
tion, where, by her amiable disposition and self-sacrilicing spiri*-, she con- 

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tributes to the enjoyment of licr cliildrcii and tlic comfort of lier aged father. 
She is striving hard to give her children llie advantages of a good and thor- 
ouixh education, and thereby render tlieni fit to lili up llicir missions iu life as 
well as to be prepared to make for themselves a substatjtial and independent 
living. Mrs. Sheplitrd is a consistent member of the Christian Church, 
and by her zeal in the cause of Christianity, and her devotion to the intej'- 
ests of her children, she endeavors to make the loss of the father as li^jhtly 
felt as possible. , ^ . . 

Jessi' Shepherd was born in Wilks county, Nortli Carolina, October 2-i, 
ISOO. His father, Ste]>hen Shepherd, was born in 170S, in Yirginia, and 
went to North Carolina, where he was brought up. lie moved to Kentucky 
in ISli. v.hore he died in 1S25. He wa? a farmer by occupation. Jesse, j 

our subject, sr^ent his youth on a farm, and was educated in the rude log 4 

school-houses comtnon in tliose days. Pie was married in 1826, to Miss ] 

Isal^ell Shaw, daughter of Thomas and Catharine Sluiw, who was born in Mer- | 

cer county, Kentncky, February 20, ISO^}:. Soon alter their marriage they I 

immigrated to Missouri, coming' all tlie wav iu a threediorse wacron, and \ 

settled on a farm near Bowling Green iu this county. Thev reared eight «! 

children who lived to be men and women growri, five of whom are now liv- ] 

ing: Eliza J., now Mrs. Williams; Emily, now Mrs. -Fones; Susan E., now '| 

Mrs. McCioud; William F.; John C, died in ISGO; Martha A., Fannie, | 

died in 18G6, and James M. His wife died in 1S73. He well remembers I 

when he liad to pay twenty-five cents for a single letter. i 

Ti. K. Strother. Mr. Strother is a native of Pike county, Illinois, i 

where he was born, ]\[arch ">, ISIT. He is a son of Robert and Betsey A. i 

Strother. His mother was the daughter of M. J. Xoyes, long an official of i 

Pike county. Missouri, and otherwise prominently ideniitied with its mate- 1 

rial interests. Our subject's early life was spent in Louisiana, where«he re- 1 

ceivcd his education, and where, at the age of nineteen, he conijnenced to j 

learn the painter's trade. For tv.-o years he worked with Graham & Petti- i 

bone, ?.nd then for the same length of time with James A. Ladd, and for 
eighteen months with Henry Couples. After this Mr. Strother continued ! 

in the business alone, doing much work in ditlereut sections of the county. 
In ISGS he moved to Ashley, and continued to work at his trade. For sev- 
eral years Mr. Strother lived in Bowling Green, where he did most of the i 
work connected with his line of business. In September, 1SS2, he took | 
charge of a furniture store at Ashley, v.diich he still continues to conduct. | 
Mr. Strother was married June 25, 1ST2, to Miss MoUic Houston, daughter ] 
of M. W. Houston, of A-hley, They have two chiMren, Ina and Zella Mont ] 

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I'ier Strolher. He is a member of the Odd Fellows' lodf^e at JBowlinir 
Green, and hrt5 a large circle of acquaintances and many friends tlironglioiit 
the oounly. 

Saiimcl TliOjiiiis. Tins /;oritieman was born in iMjurbon comity, Iv^n- 
tuclcy, July 4, 1820. He is the son oi' Joseph Tliomas, a native of the same 
connty and state, and of Sally (( )den) Thomas, who was borti in L'.mdon 
cou!;ty, Virginia. His parents moved to J'*ike county in the fall of 1S27, 
where tljey resided until his iatheiv's death in Xovember, 183i, The sub- 
ject of this sketch wa^ raised on a farm, attendinir to its general duties, and 
receiving on!}' such advarjtages of an education as the common district 
schools could furnish. About the time that he reached his majority, ISlr. 
Tliomas v.'orhed for several years ;it the carpenter's and cabinet nialrcr's 
trades. From the time he was twelve years old until he grew to mardiood 
his life was spent with liis uncle, Alfred Oden. He bought liis present 
larm in 1S57, which he has taheii much pains to make better year after 
year. He was married July 11, 1855, to Miss Lucy Tinsley, a lady born 
and ])artially raised in A'ij-ginia. Two children were born to them, only one 
of v.diom, Bettie Chelto'i, is now living. Mrs. Thomas died in September, 
1865, and Mr. Tliomas was married again in January, 1867, to Miss Ann M. 
Myers, of this county. They have but one child, EdM'ard S. Thomas. Mr. 
Thomas's farm embraces 200 acres of land, which is well improved and 
adapted to farming and stock-raising. He is a raeuiber of tiie Masonic order, 
and a genial, affable, and hospitable gentleman. 

K. A. Wait. ^ir. Wait was born in Jetierson county, Xew York, where 
he continued to reside until he was thirty-one years of age. when he came 
to Danville, Illinois. w])ere. fur three years, he was engaged in sawing and 
• selling walnut lum.ber. After this he engaged in a general lumber buiness, 
doing his own sawiitg, and moviijg his mill from place to place, as the 
q\iantity and character of the timber would seem to warrant. He located 
near Asliiey in December, ISSl, where he still cuntinucs to manutacturc 
and sell different kinds of lumber, but making something of a specialty ot 
timber suitable for railroads and bridges. Mr. Wait was married December 
17, 1802, to Miss lunma Bannister, of Jefferson county, New York. They 
have four children: Bert, Cora O. M., Dora H., and Harry. 

L. 31. \VelIs was born in Ohio county, Yirgini:i., June 10, 1807. His 
father was one of the earliest settlers of Ohio county, and was burned out 
three times by the Indians. The early life of our subject was spent on a 
farm, where he attended sh'ietly to the duties of tlie t'lrmer, and received 
but a very limited school education. He Mas first married in July, 1^35, 



V !/. ?'»•• rAi ■{<> Y;r<' \<' ■'.{ 

t<» Miss Eliza MeMciUan, and tiioir union was blessed with soven childron. 
lie lost his wife in October, 1S52, and was married the second time, in l.s5i, 
tc> Kli;:abfth Tliornley, a native ol' Ohio. l*y this wife he luul two children. 
Having his second wife, in Deeenibcr, 1S05, Air. ^V'ells \\-as married the 
I'nird time, in December, ISV:^, to Catharine Logan, of Warren county, Mis- 
souri. In Jul V. 1S37, Mr. Wells bought 2.50 acres of land near Ashley, and 
a little northv.e^t of the town, upon v/liich he moved hi- i'ann'ly in the fol- 
l.jwincr spring. Here he lived for eight rears, when he moved about one- 
half mile south of the town, v.'hei-e he continued to reside until liST'2, when j 

he built his present residence, one of the very best to be found in the town- | 

ship. Durin^• the civil v/ar Mr. Wells was badlv treated, and made to sus- : 

tain great pecuniary h^ss, and also to undergo much ]>ersonal snfFering. j 

He was arrested, taken to jlsicon, Missouri, where ten men out of forty j 

were taken out and shot for opinion's sake. Jle was lield a prisoner for "| 

some time at }.[ac'on, then tidreu to St. LoaiS; and liually to Alton, Illinois. 
He is one of liie largest land owners in I'ike county, having some 5,500 
acres, almost all of which is under fence and in cultivation. He has also 
been one of the most liberal contributors to Yv^atson Semiua.ry, gi\ing at the '] 

start four acres of land and une thousand dollars in cash to help along this 
educational enterprise. He has also generously assisted the several churclies } 

of the town near which he continues to reside. He is a member of the .;j 

Cumberland Presbyterian Church. A 

William A. Wilcoxen. Mr. Wilcoxen is a native of Pike county. He 
was born in Calumet towusinp, June 25, ISiT, where he continued to re- 
reside with his father, attending the farm and dealing in stock, until he at- 
tained the aue of twentv-six years. He received his education at the com- 
mou schools of tl'e county, iu the city of Clarksville, and at McGee College. 
He was married ^sovember 12, 1S7J:, to Miss Jennie Emerson, daughter of 
W. B. Emerson, of Pike county. They have but tsvo children living, 
Thomas Harly ami Hoy L. Wilcoxen, having lost their only daughter, ^'ora 
B., on December *J, 1S31. A[r. AVilcoxen is a good farmer and successful 
dealer in stock, of which he handles great numbers. He has a farnr of 250 
acres of land, well adapted to his purposes, and which he has from year to 
year continued tu iin{,>rove. Mr. Wilcoxen isa man of excellent judgment 
and remarkable enei-gv, and, although but a young man, has attained a 
financial standing which justly places him among tlie solid men of the 

F. E. Williams, one of the best farmers iu the neigliborhood of Ashley, 
Was born in Spottsylvania county, Virginia, near the "Wilderness,'' Septem- 

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ber 25. IS! 3. lie is the son of P. M. and Klizubcth (Gale) WiiliariH, 
being- the only child horn to his parents. His early life was spent in iiis n.-j. 
five slate, where he icceived liis education. At the a^e of twenty-one year-. 
he Ciiine to ?tlis>on.r! and settled in Ti.\]\> county, ci^^ht niiles fi'oni the town 
of ]^ew Loudon, where he lived for one 3"car, then moved to a farm lour 
miles west of the .iame town, where lie continued to reside until ISGG, when 
he bought and ino\ ed upon his present farm, just adjoinini^ the town of 
Ashley. His IV.riu contains 150 acres of excellent land, well fenced and in 
a hig-h state of cultivation. He is largely engag-ed in wheat raising, in which 
he has been }>eculiarly successful. He has a substantial farm residence und 
is surrounded with all the comforts ol' a good country home. Mr. Williani.s 
lias been twice married, rirsf in P'ebruary, ISoi, to Miss Elizabeth fh-owii. 
^^'ho died in April of the snceeeding year. He was again married in Octo- 
ber, Ibo'i., to jSfiss ].cvisa Grant, of ]ventucky. From this last marriage 
there were three children, IMelson, Jnlictt, and Paul. Mr. Williams had 
the misfortune to lose his wife in 1S75, since which time he has remained a 
widower. He is a worthy member of the Missionary Baptist Church, and 
takes a lively interest iu all matters appertaining to the religious or moral 
advancement of the community in which he resides. He has come to be 
>vell known in the county and is universally esteemed by liis fellow citizens. 

H. H. Wisdoni. The subject of this sketch is a native of Iventacky, 
born June 2*, ISlo. Bis father was born in Virginia and his mother in 
Xorth (!'arolina. Mr. Wisdom wa^ raised on a farjn and early acquired that 
knowledge of agricultural pursuits which lias since been of incalculable ad- 
vantage to him. He came to Pike county in ISoT, but removed to Ken- 
tucky where he resided some eighteen months, when he again returned to 
this county, where he lias ever siiice continued to live. He