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This facsimile of the first edition 
of "A History of the Pioneer 
Families of Missouri" is repro- 
duced from a copy obtained from 
the original publisher. 

The introduction and index pre- 
pared by W. W. Elwang and 
published by Lucas Brothers, 
Columbia, Missouri. 


««wjM«-.^..,ui..... *■ 'REBECCA HC^'-'** **S.ThomaS HOV***-*-- ' 

















Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1876, by 

In the ofQce of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 





This book has been written in the midst of tribulation. When 
the authors began their work, two years ago, they had no ade- 
quate idea of the magnitude of the task which lay before them ; 
but they know very well now. The histories of more than eight 
hundred pioneer families of the five counties embraced in this 
work are given, with the names of their children, and other mat- 
ters of interest. We have endeavored to have every name and 
incident correct, but of course there are some errors. There are 
many obstacles in the way of obtaining information of this kind^ 
members of the same family frequently giving entirely different 
accounts of important events in their history. Mr. Rose has 
personally visited one or more members of each family whose 
history is given, and from his notes thus obtained the histories 
have been written. Where differences occurred in the statements 
of different members of the same family, we have carefully com- 
pared them and endeavored to sift the facts from each ; and we 
feel confident that this book is as near correct as it is possible for 
any work of the kind to be. 

The delay in issuing the book has been unavoidable ; first owing 
to the time spent in gathering the materials, and then to numer- 
ous unavoidable delays in the printing oflSce. But the matter is 
just as fresh and entertaining as though it had been issued a 
year ago. 

We do not expect the reader to believe all the remarkable yams 
related under "Anecdotes and Adventures." Some of them 
were given to us merely as caricatures of early times, and they 
can easily be distinguished from the real adventures. 



LITE or DANIEL BOONE, ..... 1-54 


Early Days ix Missouri, . . , . 55-81 

Religious Matters, ..... 81-88 

Affairs of Government, Etc., . . . 89-1)1 

The Indian War, ...... !)1-116 

New Madrid Earthquakes, . . . . llG-118 

Some of Our Antiquities, ..... 118-120 



St. Charles County, , . . . . . 121-126 

Families of St. Charles County, . . . 120-203 

Warren County, ..... 204-206 

Families of Warren County, .... 206-227 

Montgomery County, .... 228-237 

Families of Montgomery County, . . . 237-300 

Callaway County, . . . - . . 301 

Families of Callaway County, . , . . 301-385 

Audrain County, ... ... 386-389 

Families of Audrain County, .... 389-414 



Life of Bishop Marvin, . . . . 415-422 

History of the Methodist Church, , . . 423-426 

Colonel J. F. Jones, ..... 426-428 

Adventures of Francis Skinner, . . . 428-435 

Francis Duquette, . . . . . ■ 435-437 

Academy of the Sacred Heart, ... . . 437-440 

Church of St. Charles Borromeo, . . 440-442 

Maj. George Baughman, the Montgomery Co. Hermit, 443-445 

The Slicker War, . . . . . . . 445-449 

The German Immigration, .... 450-454 

The Town of Troy, Lincoln County, . . . 454-455 

The Black Hawk War, . . . . 455-457 

Life of Black Hawk, ..... 457-497 




AM AFRAID our dcmocracy is only skin deep," said a 
Federal judge from the bench not long ago as he 
sentenced a genealogical racketeer to a prolonged va- 
cation behind the walls of a penitentiary. The evidence in the 
case has disclosed the interesting fact that the American people 
were fairly clamoring for family trees, coats-of-arms, and other 
heraldic devices, and to obtain them had paid this crook over 
$100,000 for genealogies and armorial designs that were nothing 
more than the ingenious fancies of an embezzler's brain. He had 
for some time received between 300 and 400 letters a day in 
response to his seductive advertisements. 

^ 3|C 3|C 3)C 

Now, the motives underlying this widespread desire for a long 
and worthy ancestry are, of course, quite varied. Too often it is 
the result of sheer vanity. But it is also true that an honest 
and wholesome, even though somewhat prideful. wish to treasure 
up the lineage and achievements of forebears is the basic motive 
of many of those who covet the distinction of belonging to old 
even though not distinguished families. With sincerity to serve 
this class is certainly a worthy purpose. Hence the re-issue, 
in this de luxe edition, of "Pioneer Families of Missouri." Copies 
of the original and only edition in 1876 have become very, very 
scarce, and correspondingly quite expensive, thus piutting them 
entirely beyond the reach of most of those who might be inter- 
ested in their contents. 

* * * * 

"Pioneer Families of Missouri" is a unique and invaluable work 
of its kind. Although three of the five "parts" into which it is 
divided are comparatively of little interest and less historical 
value, being composed almost entirely of matter quite extraneous 
to genealogy, parts I and HI are a veritable treasure trove. This 
is true of Part I because it contains a "Life of Daniel Boone" 
with important authoritative genealogical and historical data 
about the Boone and Bryan families by an ardent admirer of the 
great frontiersman. But it is true pre-eminently of Part HI 
which, within the compass of less than 275 pages, contains the 
more or less complete genealogical histories of more than 800 



families, of the families which, in the five contiguous counties 
of St. Charles, Montgomery, Warren, Audrain, and Callaway, 
laid the foundations upon which Missouri, the mother-state of 
the Great West, was builded. 

jjs * * * 
Until quite recently the writer's interest in genealogical lore 
was meager enough. A confirmed democrat and proletarian. I 
have held to the conviction that what a man does here and now 
is of more commanding importance than what his ancestors were 
and did in the distant past, perhaps as "robber barons" on land 
or "pirates bold" on the seven seas. I have never, therefore, 
made any attempt to trace even my own ancestry, but chiefly, 
perhaps, because I feared to stumble upon too many bars-sinister 
to explain if not to excuse rny own lack of achievement. How- 
ever, when I became associated some years ago with the Missouri 
Store Company, in Columbia. Missouri, as manager of its Fine 
and Rare Book Department, my attention was quickly attracted 
to an extensive and persistent demand from all over the country 
for books of genealogy and, in Missouri, my native state, es- 
pecially for copies of "Pioneer Families." And when in the 
routine of business I sought to supply the demands of patrons 
for this latter work, my surprise was great to learn that it was 
an almost impossible task to find a single copy. The book was 
a "rare" one indeed, and the price for the very few specimens 
that came out of hiding from time to time was quite high. My 
interest gradually increased and I began, almost sub-consciously, 
to speculate about the origin of this mysterious book, about its 
authors, where and when they were born, married, and when 
they had died, as well as about what else they might have done 
in the making of books or other things. When, at a later date, 
the plans for this reproduction of the book in facsimile began to 
take shape, it became imperative to translate this hitherto rather 
vague interest into verifiable biographical and historical data. 

* * sH * 
Here again my astonishment was great. Like most of the 
copies of their book, the authors themselves seemed to have 
entirely disappeared from human ken. Those from whom in- 
formation was sought, such as old newspaper men, county and 
other historians, collectors of Missouriana, historical societies, 
knew nothing about these men. But gradually by means of dili- 
gent correspondence, for much of which I am deeply indebted 
to my good friend, Mr. Floyd C. Shoemaker, the able Secretary 


of the State Historical Society, slight clues were picked up here 
and there and pieced together, until finally we were led to 
Nevada, Missouri, there to find, to our great astonishment and 
greater gratification, Mr. William S. Bryan himself, one of the 
co-authors of "Pioneers" and its financial sponsor and publisher. 
He is in his 89th year, but hale and hearty and still deeply im- 
mersed in literary labors. Our problem was solved ! 

* * * * 

Mr. Bryan says that Robert Rose was responsible for the 
germinal idea of "Pioneer Families," but adds that the idea ap- 
pealed to him also. Rose seems to have been a good-natured 
fellow with a roving disposition. He had a habit of riding about 
the countryside on horseback, with a pair of saddlebags as his 
only impedimenta, and subsisting mainly upon the generous hos- 
pitality of the people. During these perambulations he took 
great delight in quizzing as many persons as possible, partic- 
ularly the "old timers," about their early days in Missouri, their 
ancestry, and the customs and adventures of those rugged and 
often dangerous days. The gleanings from these more or less 
fortuitous interviews he jotted down briefly on scraps of paper, 
which he then thrust higgledy-piggledy into the saddlebags. 
When he had accumulated a large quantity of such notes the 
brilliant idea occurred to him to make a book of them. As Mr. 
Bryan jestingly puts it, "by some unfortunate accident he located" 
and laid the proposition before him. Mr. Bryan was favorably 
impressed and agreed to furnish the necessary funds ; while 
Rose continued his itineraries and supplied sufficient "copy" for 
a book, in the meanwhile cherishing a secret, but as it proved, 
a forlorn hope that the sale of the book would make both himself 
and his partner in the enterprise rich. The more or less inchoate 
matter which he collected and hoarded in the saddlebags was at 
intervals turned over to Mr. Bryan to be sifted, arranged, written 
up, and finally printed and published. The first and only edition 
numbered 500 copies, and fell still-born from the press. About 
200 copies were bound and either sold at $2.50 per copy or given 
away ; the remaining sheets were disposed of as so much waste 
paper. But though the material reward for the two years of 
labor and expense which it took to bring out the book was nil, 
it is not too much to say that the result otherwise was monu- 
mental and invaluable. During 1874-1876 many "old timers," 
both men and women, were yet alive, fourscore years and ten 
and more of age, with vivid recollections of the days when forests 


had to be cleared and crops planted and harvested almost under 
the guns of hostile Indians ; when log forts dotted the land, and 
towns were laid out in the uncharted wilderness. These old 
people passed away rapidly very soon afterward, and with their 
passing their personal experiences of the early days in Missouri 
would have been lost forever had not our roving Rose garnered 
them on scraps of paper in his saddlebags. If the task had not 
been undertaken precisely at that time, and in the homely manner 
in which it was done, the priceless data now preserved between 
the covers of "Pioneer Families" would never have been col- 
lected at all. 

* * * * 

Of Robert Rose's career before and after he "located" I\Ir. 
Bryan, very little is known. Mr. Hughes Pegram, of Mont- 
gomery County, the son of James Pegram, one of the settlers 
of that county who knew Rose, describes him as about six feet in 
height, slender, dark complexioned, with a short beard. For a few 
months after the publication of "Pioneers" he seems to have tried 
peddling it from door to door in the region which he had combed 
over for its contents. The result was heart-breakingly disap- 
pointing and he died soon afterward, probably in 1878, in dire 
poverty, at about sixty-two years of age. He lies buried some- 
where in Montgomery County. Could there be a more vivid 
illustration of what is sometimes spoken of as the irony of 
history, that so little can be said about the man whose unre- 
munerated job it was to rescue thousands of his fellows from 
oblivion? Happily, it is quite otherwise of Mr. Bryan, of whom 
a quite fairly complete genealogy and life-sketch can be set down 
here, the latter supplied in part by himself and the former secured 
from other sources. 

* * * * 

William Smith Bryan is a descendant of a notable family, the 
history of which, in America, goes back to 1615, when another 
William Smith Bryan landed on these shores from Ireland. It 
appears that he had aroused the hostility of the British govern- 
ment by a too ardent Irish patriotism and had been deported as 
a rebellious subject. At thfs time this Bryan was supposed to 
be the onlv living lineal descendant of Brian Borou, one of the 
half mythical Kings of the Emerald Isle. It is recorded that 
he had quite a number of children, eleven in fact, but the record 
of only one, Francis, has come down to us. He accompanied 
his father to America, and in due time himself became the father 


of two sons, Morgan and William S., who were born in Denmark, 
whither their father had fled after an unsuccessful return to 
Ireland to regain his hereditary title and estate. His son Mor- 
gan, by some turn of Fortune's wheel, became a standard bearer 
for William of Orange and was present at the battle of the 
Boyne. He came to Pennsylvania in 1695 and married Martha 
Strode, whom he had met on the ship which brought him over. 
Their children were Joseph, Samuel, James, John, Morgan, 
Eleanor, Mary, William, Thomas, and Sarah. James married 
Mary Austin of South-east Missouri and of the family after 
whom Austin, Texas, is named. Their son, Jonathan, settled on 
Femme Osage Creek in St. Charles County in 1800. His son 
Elijah married Lydia Anne McClenny and became the father 
of W. S. Bryan, co-author and principal sponsor of "Pioneer 
Families of Missouri." 

* * 5fS * 

William Smith Bryan was born on a farm near Augusta, in 
St. Charles County, on January 8, 1846. He was educated at 
home by two sisters, who were school teachers. Later he grad- 
uated from Stewart's Commercial College in St. Louis. On 
November 25, 1875, he married Nancy Mildred North. The 
fruits of this union were two daughters and a son. The latter, 
William S., was a lieutenant of infantry in the U. S. Army 
during the World War, and was recently decorated for valor. 

In 1865, aged nineteen, Mr. W. S. Bryan, Sr., went to Council 
Grove, Kansas, and learned to set type in the printing office of 
his brother James, who was then editing and publishing a small 
weekly paper. The next year he returned to his native state 
and established the St. Charles Nezvs in company with Joseph 
H. and William A. Pereau, whose family had settled in Missouri 
during the Spanish regime. Having sold the Neivs in 1873 he 
became for a short time editor of and contributor to a literary 
publication in St. Joseph. During 1873-75 he was the editor 
and publisher of the Montgomery, Mo., Standard. In 1880 he 
established the Historical Publishing Company in St. Louis, with 
branches In Boston, Philadelphia, Richmond, Toronto, Chicago, 
and other important cities. The panic of 1893-96 put an end 
to this enterprise, which previously had been markedly successful. 
In 1898 he edited the Mississippi Valley Democrat in St. Louis. 
In 1906 he was the editor of the "United States Encyclopedia" 
and an assistant editor of the "Encyclopedia Americana." 

Mr. Bryan is the author, among other works, of "Footprints 
of the World's History" (1893), "America's War for Human- 


ity" (1898), "Our Islands and Their People" (1900). He also 
completed eight of the volumes of Ridpath's "History of the 
United States," which were left unfinished when that author was 
overtaken by death. In like manner he completed the last three 
volumes of the same historian's "Universal History." He is now 
busily at work on a book to be called "Episodes in the Life of 
Daniel Boone," which he hopes to publish in the near future. 

* * * * 

As was said above, "Pioneer Families" is a unique book. 
It is one of the most remarkable genealogical feats ever at- 
tempted. Here, indeed, the reader's disappointment will be great 
if he looks for "scientific" pedigree or radial charts, or expects 
to find evidence of learned fussing over musty town, state, or 
national records. There is no evidence here that the "old family 
Bible," or funeral sermons and historical orations had been 
sought for far and near and carefully conned. There is no 
reference to "family crests." Here we have only what is so mod- 
estly stated in the brief preface, that "Mr. Rose has personally 
visited one or more of each family whose history is given, and 
from notes thus obtained the histories have been written." These 
are mostly just a plain A begat B and B begat C. That there 
was a conscientious effort to avoid errors is evident from the 
further assertion that "Where differences occurred in the state- 
ments of different members of the same family, we have care- 
fully compared them and endeavored to sift the facts from each ; 
and we feel confident that this book is as near correct as it is 
possible for any work of the kind to be." 

Here, furthermore, is no comparatively simple effort to trace 
a single lineage backward to some distant ancestor. Here is 
rather the much more ambitious and stupendous task to secure 
through personal interviews with the people chiefly concerned 
a reliable, even though only a skeleton record of over 800 fam- 
ilies scattered over five counties which sprawled over an area of 
2890 square miles of territory that was quite innocent of what 
are now considered to be traversable roads. But there can be 
no doubt that it was precisely this intimate intercourse through- 
out two or more years between Rose and the people in whom 
he was interested that finally gave such a human, often such a 
poignant human touch to these pages. The diverting anecdotes, 
the serious and humorous stories, the historical incidents and 
dramatic events that so often interrupt the otherwise dry gene- 
alogies, the hilarious illustrations, are most entertaining and in- 
structive features. They often fairly r^ek of the soil and are an 


important contribution to the sometimes recklessly mendacious 
folklore of those strenuous times. The passing of them from 
mouth to ear around the logfires in winter or under the rustling 
trees in summer must often have relaxed the over-strained nerves 
of the pioneers. 

* * * * 
The "histories" are limited to those families which settled in 
the above named five counties, which lie almost entirely north 
of the Missouri River. Contemporary settlements in Pike, Boone, 
Howard and Cooper counties are scarcely mentioned, and then 
only casually. The very important French immigration (the so- 
called Creoles, the Chouteaus, Gratiots, Cabannes, Papins, Pauls, 
etc.) into St. Louis and its immediate vicinity is only lightly 
touched upon. In his "Creoles of St. Louis" (1893) Paul Beck- 
with does these full justice. The equally important though much 
later German immigration is briefly sketched under a separate 
heading. The very early influx into South-east Missouri is 
entirely ignored. This latter omission is all the more strange 
because as early as 1793 a Dr. Jesse Bryan, who had been a sur- 
geon in the Continental Army, and a rather important member 
of the Bryan clan, settled in what is now Ste. Genevieve County, 
where he died in 1843. Furthermore, Mr. W. S. Bryan's grand- 
father James got his wife, Mary Austin, from that region. Lack 
of time and means no doubt sufficiently explain these omissions. 
To have tried to compass the entire State would have been a 
Herculean task indeed for our two amateur genealogists. Let 
us be grateful for what they actually accomplished. However, 
it is clear that the title of their book was somewhat too am- 
bitious. "Some Pioneer Families of Missouri" would have been 
better. "Some American Pioneer Families of Missouri" would 
have defined its content yet more correctly. But, mayhap, this 
is carrying criticism a bit too far. 

^ *l* I* I* 

To justify what was said above about the very early influx into 
south-east Missouri, we briefly indicate here a few of the fam- 
ilies which settled in that region: 

Aubuchon, Antoine, and his wife Ellen N., were natives of 
Ste. Genevieve County. Their son Francis was born there in 
1812. He married Teressa Coleman, who bore him six chil- 
dren. Of these, Ferdinand married Luella Brooks. They had 
six children. After his first wife's death he married Annabella 
Brannon. His brother Peter married Eliza A. Brickley. They 


had eleven children. Adrian, another brother, married Paulina 

Cissell, Joseph, and his wife Mary Ann Miles, came from 
Kentucky and settled in what is now Perry County in 1803. 
They had five children. Their son Vincent married Carolina 
French. Eight children were the fruits of this union. Lewis, 
the second son, married Sarah Mattingly, who bore him nine 
children. John V. married Melissa Brewer, and, after her death, 
Theresa Brewer. Loretta married Wilfred Brewer. Leo F. 
first married Katie Frazier, and, after her death, Louisa Brewer. 
Emanuel married Emma Mattingly. Ezekiel married Louisa 
Rankin. Kendrick married Alice Brewer. Jane F, married 
William Difani. 

DeLassus, Ceran E. and his wife Elenore Beauvais were natives 
of Ste. Genevieve county. They had eleven children, of whom 
Ceran F., the oldest, married Mattie E. Walton. They had sev- 
eral children. Joseph L. married Josephine Stewart, who pre- 
sented him with five children. Joseph R. married Elizabeth J. 

Hagan, Aquilla, and his wife Mary Tucker, came from Ken- 
tucky to Perry County in 1797. They had nine children. Of 
these Rebeccah Ann married John Brewer, whose family settled 
in Perry County in 1818. The Brewers had eight children. After 
Rebeccah Ann's death her husband married Cecelia Layton. She 
bore him ten children. Gregory, Rebeccah Ann's son, married 
Sarah Riney. They had nine sons and four daughters. 

Kenner, Francis, settled in Ste. Genevieve County from Ten- 
nessee in 1802. He married Elizabeth Pillars in 1804. She bore 
him sixteen children. Their son, Housand, married Ophelia 
Duvall. They had six children. 

Moore, James, came to Perry County in 1790. His son James 
J. married Cecelia Manning, who bore him ten children. Of 
these, Basil married Emma Burgee, and had by her six sons 
and a daughter. 

Obuchon, Francis, was born in Ste. Genevieve County in 1791. 
In 1816 he married a widow Pratte. After her death he married 
Judith Calliot, who bore him five children. Louis, their oldest 
son, married Lucinda Perry. They had eight children. 

Rozier (Rosier?), Ferdinand, was born in France in 1777, 
and settled in Ste. Genevieve about 1810. He married Con- 
stance Roy, of Illinois, in 1795. They had ten children. Firmin 
A. married Mary M. Valle. Felix married Louise Valle. Charles 


C. married Emily La Grave. Francis C. married Zee Valle. 
Their son Henry L. was married twice, first to Mary A. Janis, 
and then to Sallie M. Carlisle. The former bore him three sons, 
the latter, two daughters. The Valles were connected by mar- 
riage with the Chouteaus of St. Louis. 

St. Gem, John Baptiste, a French-Canadian, settled at Kas- 
kaskia, Illinois, during the last half of the eighteenth century. 
John B. Jr., and Vital, his sons, were among the earliest settlers 
west of the Mississippi. John B. Jr.'s son Augustus, born in Ste. 
Genevieve in 1791, married Felicite Desile Le Clerc in 1821, 
and by her had ten children. Of these, Gustavus married Eliza- 
beth Skewes. They had three children. 

Howard, Henry, settled in Cape Girardeau County in 1799. 
His son, Hamilton B., married Sarah Daughtery. Their son 
H. W. married Mary P. Shaver. After her death he married 
Rachel G. Horrell. They had three children. 

Barks, Humteel, located in Cape Girardeau County in 1800. 
His son, Joseph, married Serena Parton. Their son Jonathon H. 
married Josephine Snider. After her death he married Narcissa 
Jones. George H., another son of Joseph, married Sarah New- 
kirk. After her death he married Mary A. ProfiFer. 

Tucker, Peter, came to Perry County early in the nineteenth 
century. His son, Raymond, born in 1811, married Mary Mar- 
tina Cissell. Their son Nereus married Tresa Tucker. 

Tucker, Josiah, was born in Perry County in the early years 
of the nineteenth century. He married Sarah Miles, by whom 
he had eleven children. Simeon L married Mary A. Cissell. 
They had five children. Leo P., another son of Josiah, married 
Elizabeth McBride. 

Layton, Joseph, settled in Perry County in 1808. His son 
John B., married Elizabeth Hagan and by her had fifteen chil- 
dren. Three of his sons had forty-six children among them. 
Felix Layton married Melissa A. Layton. They had fifteen chil- 

Kinder, Adam, settled in Cape Girardeau County in 1800. 
His son, Joel, married Irene Thompson. After her death he 
married Sarena Thompson. By the former he had Levi J., who 
married Martha J. O'Neal. They had five children: Susan J., 
who married William J. Strong; Sarah E., who married John 
Hamilton ; William M. ; Mary, who married Daniel Lape ; Martha 
Ann, who married Jacob Thompson. 

Beauvais, Joseph, and his wife Cecilia Obuchon, were natives 


of St€. Genevieve County. His ancestors came from Canada to 
the western territory during the first half of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. They had two children, Eleanora and Peter. After the 
death of his first wife, Joseph married a widow DeLassus. By 
her he had two children, Matilda and Mary. His second wife 
having died, Joseph married a widow Struve. His son Peter, 
by his first wife, was born in 1815. He was twice married, first 
to Elizabeth Henderson, who left him three children. His second 
wife was Rachel Smith. Seven children blessed this union. 

McCormick, Andrew, of Scotch-Irish descent, came to Amer- 
ica before the Revolution. In 1807 he settled in Washington 
County. His son, Joseph, married Jane Robinson. Of their 
six children, James R. married B. N. Nance, who bore him two 
children. Of these, Emmet C. was married twice. By his second 
wife, Susan E. Garner, he had one child, James E. 

Oliver, Thomas, of Virginia, served in the Revolutionary war. 
His son, John, settled in Cape Girardeau County in 1819. He 
first married a Miss Cobb. After her death he married Margaret 
Sloan, and had four children: Louella, John F., R. B., and 
Henry C. 

* * * * 

Quite a number of what appear to be isolated individuals, both 
men and women, flit like ghosts across the pages of the "histories." 
Like Melchizedec, they have neither father nor mother. They 
stir the reader's curiosity. Whence came they? Whither did 
they go? The men folk of this transient company may have 
been restless, roving individuals who tarried here and there only 
long enough to "stake a claim" and to court and marry the 
women of their choice and then either moved still farther west 
into the unbroken wilderness, or returned to the eastward from 
whence they came. But that does not explain the transient 
women. Some of these came from Tennessee, Kentucky and 
Virginia to be married to men to whom they had been previously 
engaged, and then moved on with their new husbands. Some 
of them, however, must have belonged to households on the 
ground but which were omitted from the "histories" because 
they had otherwise left no trace behind them. There were 
numerous families that "settled" just long enough to raise a 
crop or two, and then sought for pastures new, always hoping 
to do better somewhere else. 

^ •I* *l* *P 

But that there was no pressure of subsistence upon the popula- 
tion of those early days is abundantly demonstrated by the 



enormous number of children per family frequently recorded in 
the "histories." Of the more than 800 families dealt with, in 
each of 244 there were more than ten children, or 3038 in all, 
which means roughly 12.05 oflfspring per family ! No birth con- 
trol then as now for, obviously, in the task of clearing the forests 
and sowing and reaping the crops, children were a highly de- 
sirable potential asset. But some of our pioneers seem to have 
been just a bit inclined to overdo the production of these assets, 
for no less than fifteen of the 244 families mentioned had among 
them a small army of 365 children, or twenty-four per family! 
One hardy and hearty pioneer had no less than twenty-nine sons 
and daughters by two wives, two in sequence, not at one time. 
Two each had twenty-eight by two wives. One had twenty-six 
by two wives. One had twenty-four by two wives. One had 
twenty-two by two wives. One had twenty-two by one wife. 
One had twenty-two by six wives. Two had twenty-one by two 
wives. One had twenty-one by three wives. One had twenty 
by one wife. One had twenty by two wives. One had twenty 
by three wives. Those were heroic days indeed! 

* * * * 
Consider the names with which some of those children were 
burdened or adorned. Here is a list, picked at random: 

















































And one poor girl whose surname was Money was baptized 
Cautious ! 

However, to do our pioneers full justice in this matter of 
nomenclature, it must be added that the great majority of the 
names which they gave their children were beautifully simple. 
They took them, for the most part, from the Bible, the book 
with which they were most familiar either from their own read- 
ing or because they heard it read and quoted by their missionary 


preachers, often sons of the soil Uke themselves. A family roll 
call sometimes sounded like a roster of the Twelve Apostles. 
Every biblical name from Adam, through Melchizedec, to Zach- 
ariah (except Satan!) is repeatedly met with. Elizabeth, Mary, 
Rebeccah, and Sarah are in the majority for the girls, while 
John, James, Joseph, and Samuel predominate for the boys. Out- 
side of the Bible. Nancy and William are prime favorites. 

* * * * 

Just a glance at the illustrations in our volume. The two full- 
page plates on which are reproduced the likenesses of some of the 
more or less prominent pioneers, are lithographs made from old 
daguerreotypes and photographs which the indefatigable Rose 
collected during his peregrinations. The lithographing was done 
by Charles Juehne, a German, located at 414 Olive St., St. Louis. 
The picture of Daniel Boone was copied from Harding's portrait 
of the frontiersman. Mr. Bryan's father, who knew Boone well, 
used to say that it was a "speaking likeness" of the old hero, 
though a bit thinner than usual owing to the subject's illness just 
before the portrait was painted. 

The crude woodcuts only too sparsely scattered here and there 
through the text, most of them so divertingly preposterous, were 
done by J. G. Harris & Co., also of St. Louis, and located at 416 
North 2nd St. They are the artist's (?) quite original concep- 
tion of what is supposed to be related in the context which, by 
the way, he can not have conned very carefully. For example, 
on page 508 he depicts one Skilt's adventure with wild turkeys. 
Notice the enormous size of the two birds, which in the text are 
said to be "just going into the clouds," and then compare it with 
that of the woman standing on the ground. His idea of Linear 
Perspective seems to have been exactly the reverse of the ortho- 
dox theory ! Harris, the artist, claimed to be a pioneer himself 
and therefore quite familiar with the grotesque scenes which he 
reproduced. Comments Mr. Bryan to the writer: "I think he 
must have been" a pioneer, and "perhaps he was related to Dick- 
ens' famous Mrs. Harris in "Martin Chuzzlewit," the lady to 
whom Sarah Gamp appealed for confirmation of all her state- 
ments. And he adds: "I love them [the wood-cuts] so much 
that I dream about them at night." 

*l* •!* I* •!* 

Merely to keep the record straight, attention may be drawn 
to one or two historical statements that do not seem to be in 
accord with the facts. On page 55 it is said that "eighty-one 


years ago there was not an American settlement west of Ken- 
tucky, and the Indians of Illinois, and all that vast territory lying 
to the north, west and south-west, were undisturbed in their 
hunting grounds." That is to say, of cqurse, that' this condition 
existed eighty-one years before the publication date of "Pioneer 
Families," which is 1876, therefore in 1795. But. as will be noted 
below, there were actual American settlers in what is now Mis- 
souri as early as 1787, and on the opposite side of the Mississippi, 
in Kaskaskia, one hundred Americans signed a contract, in 1787, 
with one Bartholomew Tardiveau, by which he engaged to be- 
come their lobbyist in Washington to obtain from Congress cer- 
tain grants of land. 

On page 58 this statement occurs: "The first American settle- 
ments in the present limits of the State of Missouri were made 
in 1795, on Femme Osage creek, in what is now St. Charles 
County." But one John Dodge had settled in what is now Ste. 
Genevieve County as early as 1787, and Israel Dodge soon fol- 
lowed him. Israel's daughter Nancy, by the way, married John 
Sefton,. and their daughter Rebeccah married Auguste Rene 
Chouteau. John Moore came to what is now Perry County in 
1790, and it is on record that a Baptist preacher ministered to 
the scattered Americans as early as 1794. It is a reasonable 
assumption that they had arrived there at least a year or two 
earlier. Dr. Jesse Bryan settled in Ste. Genevieve County in 1793. 

* * * * 

Finally, the reader's attention is called to the two very com- 
plete indexes that have been added to this edition of "Pioneer 
Families." They provide a long needed "open sesame" to the 
entire contents of the book, but more especially to the "histories 
of families." For the first time the seeker after the genealogical 
lore contained in these pages will be able, almost in a moment, 
to turn to practically every name that occurs in the "histories." 
It is needless to point out what an invaluable feature this is of 
the present edition. It transforms the work into a really serv- 
iceable handbook of early Missouri genealogical data. 

W. W. Elwang. 
Columbia, Mo. 



One of the pioneers of Missouri, who is still living, in St. 
Charles county, in his 79th year, and who knew Daniel Boone 
intimately, as a youth knows an old man, thus describes his per- 
sonal appearance during the last nineteen years of his life : 

"He was below the average height of men, being scarcely five 
feet eight inches, but was stout and heavy, and, until the last year 
or two of his life, inclined to corpulency. His eyes were deep 
blue, and very briUiant, and were always on the alert, passing 
quickly from object to object, a habit acquired, doubtless, during 
his hunting and Indian fighting experiences. His hair was gray, 
but had been originally light brown or flaxen, and was fine and 
soft. His movements were quick, active and lithe, his step soft 
and springy, like that of an Indian. He was nearly always hum- 
ming or whistUng some kind of a tune, in a low tone ; another 
habit of his lonely days in the woods. He was never boisterous 
or talkative, but always cool and collected, and, though he said 
but little, his words carried weight with them, and were respected 
and heeded by his hearers. I never saw him angry or disconcerted 
in the least, and his manners were so kind and gentle towards 
every one, that all who knew hirn loved him. During the last 
year or two of his life, he became feeble and emaciated, and could 
no more enjoy himself at his favorite pastime of hunting ; but his 
grand spirit never faltered or clouded, and, to the day of his death, 
he was the same serene, uncomplaining man he had always 
been. " 


The historian Peck, who visited Boone in 1818, two j'ears be- 
fore his death, thus speaks of him : 

" In boyhood I had read of Daniel Boone, the pioneer of Ken- 
tucky, the celebrated hunter and Indian-fighter ; and imagination 
had portrayed a rough, fierce-looking, uncouth specimen of hu- 
manitj', and, of course, at this period of life, a fretful and unat- 
tractive old man. But in every respect the reverse appeared. 
His high, bold forehead was slightly bald, and his silvered locks 
were combed smooth ; his countenance was ruddy and fair, and 
exhibited the simplicity of a child. His voice was soft and me- 
lodious. A smile frequently played over his features in conversa- 
tion. At repeated interviews, an irritable expression was never 
heard. His clothing was the coarse, plain manufacture of the 
family ; but everything about him denoted that kind of comfort, 
which was congenial to his habits and feelings, and evinced a 
happ}- old age. 

" Eve rj- member of the household appeared to delight in ad- 
ministering to his comforts. He was sociable, communicative in 
replying to questions, but not in introducing incidents of his own 
history. He was intelligent, for he had treasured up the experi- 
ences and observations of more than fourscore years. • • • • 
The impression on the mind of the writer, before a personal 
acquaintance, that he was moody, unsocial, and desired to shun 
society and civilization, was entirely removed. He was the 
archetype of the better class Of western pioneers, benevolent, 
kind-hearted, liberal, and a true philanthropist. That he was 
I'igidly honest, aiKl one of nature's noblemen, need not be here 
said. It is seen in his whole life. He abhorred a mean action, 
and delighted in honesty and truth. • • • • He was strictly 
moral, temperate, and chaste." 

Th^ portrait which we give as a frontispiece, is from a 
photograph of the painting made by Mr. Chester Harding, the 
distinguished artist of Boston, who came to Missouri in 1820, 
■at the request of Revs. James E. Welch and John M. Peck, ex- 
pressly to paint the picture. Boone, at that time, was at the 
home of his son-in-law, Mr. Flanders Callaway, near the village 
of Marthasville, in Warren county. He was at first very much 
opposed to having his portrait paintea, being governed by feel- 
ings of modesty and a strong dislike to anything approaching 
display or public attention ; but he was finally prevailed upon by 
friends and relatives to sit for his picture. He was quite, feeble 


at the time, and was supported in his chair by Rev. Mr. Welch. 
He wore his buckskin hunting shirt, trimmed with otter's fur, and 
the knife that is seen in his belt, is the same that he carried with 
iiim from North Carolina on his first expedition to Kentucky. 

This picture is pronounced by persons who knew Boone in- 
timately, to be a perfect likeness, and the following certiftcdte 
from Rev. James E. Welch, who is still living, at Wai-rensburg, 
Bio., may be of interest in this connection : 

"I, James E. Welch, of Warrensburg, Johnson Co., Mo., here- 
by certify that I believe this portrait to be a correct cop}- of Hard- 
ing's picture of Col. Daniel Boone, which was painted in the 
summer of 1820. I stood b}^ and held the Colonel's head while 
the artist was painting it, and my impressions at the time were, 
that it was an excellent likeness of the old pioneer, which I believe 
was the onl}- picture ever taken of Col. Boone. 

"Given under my hand, Mav 16, 1876. 

"James E. Welch." 

Daniel Boone was born in Bucks county, Penns3'lvania, October 
22, 1734. His grandfather, George Boone, was a native of Eng- 
land, and resided at Brandwich, about eight miles from Exeter. 
In 1717 he emigrated to America, with his familj-, consisting of 
his wife and eleven children, two daughters and nine sons. Soon 
after his arrival in America he purchased a large tract of land in 
what is now Bucks county, Pennsylvania, settled upon it, and 
named it Exeter, after his native town. The township still bears 
that name. 

The names of only three of the eleven children have come down 
to the present time, John, James, and Squire. The latter was 
the father of Daniel Boone. He had seven sons and four dau^h- 
ters, whose names are here given in the order of their births, from 
information furnished by the late Daniel Bryan, the celebrated 
gunsmith of Kentucky, who was a nephew of Daniel Boone : 
Israel, Sarah, Samuel, Jonathan, Elizabeth, Daxiel, Mary, 
(mother of Daniel Bryan), George, Edward, Squire, Jr., and 
Hannah. The maiden name of the mother of these children was 
Sarah Morgan. 

When Daniel was a small boy, his father removed to Berks 
county, not far from Reading, which was then a frontier settle- 
ment, exposed to assaults from the Indians and abounding with 
game. Panthers, wild-cats, and other dangerous wild animals 
were numerous, and young Daniel, at a very early age, began to 
exhibit both skill and courage in hunting them. 


One day, while out hunting, in company with several other boys, 
a loud cry was heard ringing through the woods. They all 
knew too well that the sound proceeded from the throat of a fero- 
cious panther, and all except Boone fled in terror. He bravely 
stood his ground, and shot the panther dead just as it was in the 
act of springing upon him. 

'This and other similar incidents soon gave him an enviable 
local reputation, which was a forerunner of his national celebrity 
at a later period. 

Boone's school days were short, and his education, so far as 
book knowledge was concerned, imperfect. The school houses 
of that period (a few specimens of which are still to be seen in 
some of our frontier settlements) were built of rough, unhewn 
logs, notched together at the corners, and the spaces between 
them filled with mud and sticks. A large chimney, built of sticks 
and plastered with mud, supported at the back and sides, where 
the fire burned, with a wall of stones, stood at one end; a hole 
cut in the side, and closed with a frame of puncheons, or often 
with nothing more than a blanket or the skin of some wild animal, 
constituted the door, while a window was made on the opposite 
side by removing a log and covering the aperture with a pun- 
cheon, fastened to the log above "with hinges of raw hide, which 
admitted of its being raised or lowered as the weather and light 
permitted. No glass was used, as it could not be had. The earth 
formed the floor — rough clapboards, fastened with .wooden pins, 
or weighted down with poles and stones, the roof, and the seats 
were made by splitting saplings in the middle and setting them, 
with the flat side upward, on four pins for legs, two at each end. 
The only writing desk was an inclined puncheon, supported-on 
wooden pins that were driven into the logs. 

It was in such a school house as this, surrounded by a dense 
forest that furnished fuel for the fire, and near a spring of spark- 
ling water that provided draughts for the thirsty, that Boone re- 
ceived his education, which embraced only a few easy lessons in 
spelling, reading, arithmetic and writing. 

His school days came to a sudden and rather violent end. The 
teacher, a dissipated Irishman, kept his bottle of whisky hid ia 
a thicket near the school house, and visited it frequently dur- 
ing the day for refreshment and consolation. The boys "no- 
ticed that after these visits he was always crosser and used the 
rod more freely than at other times, but they did not suspect the 


cause. One day, young Boone, while chasing a squirrel, came 
accidentally upon the teacher's bottle, and at the first opportunity 
informed his playmates of his discovery. They decided, upon 
consultation, to mix an emetic with the liquor, and await the re- 
sult. The emetic was procured that night, and promptly placed 
in the bottle next morning. A short time after school opened, the 
teacher retired for a few minutes, and when he came back he Avas 
very sick and very much out of humor. Daniel Boone was called 
up to recite his lesson in arithmetic, and upon his making a slight 


mistake, the teacher began to flog him. The boy, smarting with 
pain, made known the secret of the whisky bottle, which so en- 
raged the school master that he laid on harder and faster than 
ever. Young Boone, being stout and athletic for his age, grap- 
pled with the teacher ; the children shouted and roared, and the 
scuffle continued until Boone knocked his antao^onist down on the 
floor, and fled out of the room. 

Of course the story spread rapidly over the neighborhood, and 
the teacher was dismissed in disgrace. Daniel was rebuked by 
his parents ; and so ended his school days. 

When Daniel was about eighteen years of age, his father moved 


his family to North Carolina, and settled on the Yadkin river, in 
the north-western part of the State, about eight miles from 
Wilkesboro. Here game was abundant, and the young hunter 
spent much of his time in the pursuit of his favorite amusement. 

He was often accompanied on his hunting expeditions by one 
or more of the sons of Mr. William Bryan, a well-to-do farmer, 
who lived near his father's, who was blessed with a number of 
stalwart sons and blooming daughters. Their association and 
mutual love of hunting soon begot a strong friendship, which last- 
ed through life ; and, being strengthened and cemented by inter- 
marriage and continued association, was transmitted through 
their children to future generations, and the two families are still 
closely allied by ties of blood and friendship. 

But it was not fai'mer Bryan's sons, alone, that drew Daniel 
Boone so often to the house. There were other attractions there 
in the bright eyes of a daughter named Rebecca, and it soon be- 
came whispered about that Daniel was courting her. These whis- 
perings were at length confirmed by the announcement of the 
approaching wedding, which came off in due time, and was cele- 
brated in the most approved style of the times. 

Rebecca Bryan was a very attractive, if not really a handsome 
young woman, and the love which she inspii^ed in the breast of 
young Boone never cooled or abated- during their long and event- 
ful married life. Each was devoted to the other, and the dangers 
and hardships through which they passed cemented their love 
and drew them more closely together. She was in every respect 
a fit companion and helpmeet for the daring pioneer. 

Nine children resulted from this marriage, viz. : James, Israel,. 
Susanna, Jemima, Lavinia, Daniel M., Rebecca, Jesse, and 

James, the eldest son, was killed by the Indians, in his 16th 
year, while his father was making his first attempt to move his^ 
family from North Carolina to Kentucky. The particulars of 
this sad event will be given elsewhere. 

Israel was killed at the battle of Blue Licks, in Kentucky, 
August 19, 1782, in his 24th year. 

Susanna married William Hayes, an Irishman, and a weaver by 
trade. They lived in St. Charles county. Mo., and she died in? 
her 40th year. 

Jemima married Flanders Callaway, and lived in what is now 
Warren county. Mo. She died in 1829, in her (wth year. While 


the family were living in the fort at Boonesborough, Ky., she and 
two 3'oung fi'iends, Betty and Frances Callaway, daughters of 
Col. Richard Callaway, were captured by the Indians wliile gath- 
ering wild flowers on the opposite bank of the Kentucky river, 
which they had crossed in a canoe. They were pursued by Boone 
and Callaway and six other men, and recaptured the following 

Lavinia married Joseph Scholl, and lived in Kentuck}'. She 
died in her 36th year. 

Daniel M. married a jMiss Lewis, of Missouri, and died July 
13, 1839, in his 72d year. He settled in Darst Bottom, St. 
Charles county, in 1797, but moved to Montgomery county in 
1816. He held several important positions under the government, 
and during the Indian war was appointed Colonel of the militia. 
He made most of the early government surveys in the present 
counties of St. Charles, Warren, Moutgomeiy, and Lincoln. At 
the time of his death he was living in Jackson county. In person- 
al appearance he resembled his father more than any of the other 
children. He was below the medium height, and stoutly built 
had light hair, blue eyes, fair complexion, and his voice was like 
a woman's. 

Rebecca, the youngest of the four daughters, married Phillip 
Goe, and lived and died in Kentucky. 

Jesse married Cloe Vanbibber, and settled in 3Iissouri in 1819. 
He had received a good education, and became a prominent and 
influential man before his death, which occurred in 1821, at St. 
Louis, while serving as a member of the first Missouri Legisla- 
ture. His children were, Alonzo, Albert G., James M., Van D., 
Harriet, Minerva, Pantha, and Emily. 

Nathan Boone, the youngest child of Daniel Boone, came to 
Missouri in 1800. He married Olive Vanbibber, a sister of Jesse 
Boone's wife, and they had thirteen children, viz : James, How- 
ard, John, Delinda, Malinda, Mary, Susan, Xancy, Jemima, La- 
vinia, Olive, Melcina, and Mahaley. Nathan Boone was also a 
surveyor, and made a number of government sur\'eys. At the 
commencement of the Indian war of 1812-1815 he raised a com- 
pany of rangers, and received his commission as Cai)tain from 
President Madison in March, 1812. In August, 1833, he was 
commissioned Captain of dragoons by President Jackson, and 
during President Polk's administration he was promoted to JIajor 
of dragoons. In 1850 he was again promoted, and received his 


commission as Lieutenant-Colonel of dragoons from President 
Fillmore. He died October 16, 1856, in his 76th year; and his 
wife died November 12, 1858, in her 75th year. 

Nathan and Jesse Boone were tall, square-shouldered, power- 
fully built men, with light hair and blue eyes, like their father. 

For several years after his marriage, Boone followed the occu- 
pation of a farmer, going on an occasional hunt, when the loss of 
time would not interfere with the proper cultivation of his crops. 

But as the population increased, his neighborhood began to fill 
up with a class of citizens who possessed considerable means, and 
were somewhat aristocratic in their habits, which, of course, did 
not suit Boone and his plain backwoods associates, who longed for 
the wild, free life of the frontier. Several companies were, at 
different times, organized and penetrated the wilderness along the 
head waters of the Tennessee river, in quest of game, and, finally, 
in 1764, Boone and a small party of hunters proceeded as far as 
Kock Castle, a branch of the Cumberland river, and within the 
present boundaries of Kentucky. This expedition was undertaken 
at the solicitation of a companj^ of land speculators, who employed 
Boone to ascertain and report concerning the country in that 
quarter. He was highly pleased with the country, climate, abun- 
dance of game, etc., but owing to his duties at home, he did not 
make another expedition to Kentucky until 1769. 

In 1767 a hunter named John Finley, accompanied by two or 
three companions, proceeded as far as the Kentucky river, and 
spent a season in hunting and trading with the roving bands of 
Indians. To them the country seemed almost a paradise, and 
upon their return to North Carolina they gave such a glowing 
description of it that Boone and several of his neighbors decided 
to go on an excursion there ; but several months elapsed before 
their arrangements could be completed. 

A party of six was formed, and Boone chosen their leadei-. His 
companions were John Finley, John Stewart, Joseph Holden, James 
Moncey, and "William Cool. They set out on their perilous journey 
May 1, 1769, and by the 17th of June they were in the heart of the 
Kentucky wilderness. They carried nothing with them except their 
rifles, tomahawks, knives and ammunition. They slept in the 
woods, without covering, and depended for food upon the game 
they killed each day. Their dress consisted of a loose, open 
frock, made of dressed deer skin, and called a hunting shirt ; leg- 
gins, made of the same material, covered their lower extremities, 


to which was appended a pair of moccasins for the feet. A cap, 
made of beaver or raccoon skin, covered their heads, and the capes 
of tlieir hunting shii'ts and seams of their leggins were ornamented 
with leather fringe. Tlieir under-clothing, when they wore any, 
was made of coarse cotton. 

Such a suit as this would stand almost any amount of wear and 
tear, and it was what the}- needed in climbing the rocky moun- 
tains and forcing their way through the dense thickets of under- 
growth and briars that lay in their course. No thorn or briar 
could penetrate the heavy deer skin, and they could tread upon 
the most venomous serpent with impunity, as its fangs could not 
reach their flesh. 

Vast herds of buffalo roamed over the prairies and through the 
wilderness of Kentucky, at that time, and Boone and his com- 
panions spent the summer in hunting them, and examining the 
country. It is generally supposed that the scene of their sum- 
mer's operations lay in what is now Morgan county, on the waters 
of Red river, a branch of the Kentucky. 

And here we must correct an error that has existed since the 
earliest settlement of Kentucky, in regard to the meaning of the 
name. Kain-tuck-ee is a Shawnee word, and signifies, "at the head 
of the river." The repeated statement that it meant "dark and 
bloody ground," is a fiction. 

The habits of the buffalo are peculiar. In moving from one 
place to another they travel in vast herds, and always go in a 
stampede. The cows and calves, and old and decrepid ones are 
placed in front, while the stout and active ones bring up the rear. 
Nothing will stop or turn them, and woe to any that stumble and 
fall, for they are immediately trampled to death by those behind. 
"When a ravine, creek, or river comes in their way, they plunge 
in and swim across, the weak and timid ones being forced in by 
the strong. If any living thing gets in their way, death is the 
inevitable result. 

On two occasions Boone and his companions came near being 
trampled to death in this way, and nothing but their presence of 
mind saved them. One time they sprang beh'nd trees, and as the 
buffaloes passed on either side, they coolly punched them 
with the breeches of their guns, and laughed to see them jump and 
bellow. The next time, however, they were in the open prairie, 
with no trees to protect them. Death seemed unavoidable, for the 
herd was so large that it extended a mile or moio on either side, 


and the speed of the fleetest horse could not have carried them 
out of danger. To run, therefoi-e, was useless, and nothing ap- 
parently remained but to stand and meet their fate, terrible as it 
might be. Several of the party were unnerved by fright, and be- 
gan to bewail their fate in the incoherent language of terror. But 
Boone remained perfectly cool. "Now, boys," said he, "don't 
make fools of yourselves, for I will bring 3'ou out of this scrape 
yet. ' ' As the herd approached, he carefully examined the flint and 
priming of his gun, to see that all was right. By this time the 
buffaloes were within thirty yai'ds of him, when coolly raising his 
rifle to his shoulder, he glanced along the bright barrel, touched 
the trigger, and the sharp report rang out above the roar of the 
rushing bisons. A large bull in the front rank, plunged forward, 
and fell, mortally wounded and bellowing, at their very feet. 
As the herd came on they would snort and spring around their 
wounded companion, and thus a lane was opened through 
their ranks, and the hunters were saved. 

In December they divided into two parties, for the greater con- 
venience of hunting, and that their observations might be extended 
over a lai-ger area of country. Boone and Stewart formed one 
party, and on the twent3'-seeond of December they were on the 
banks of the main Kentucky river. In the evening of that day, 
as they were descending a small hill near the river, a party of In- 
dians rushed out of a thick cane-brake, and made them prisoners. 
They offered no resistance, for they knew it would be useless, the 
odds being so great against them, but quietly handing their guns 
and accouterffients to their captors, they signified their willingness 
to obey whatever commands might be given to them. In fact, 
for the purpose of deceiving the Indians and throwing them off 
their guard, they pretended to be well pleased with their new as- 
sociates, and went along with them as cheerfully as if they were 
all out on a hunting expedition together. 

So completely were the Indians deceived that they kept very 
little guard over their prisoners, but suffered them to do pretty 
much as they pleased, and treated tliem with marked hospitality. 
At night they all lay down and went to sleep, seeming to feel no 
apprehension that the white men might try to escape. 

Thus the time passed until the seventh night, when Boone, hav- 
ing matured his plans, decided to make an attempt to escape. 
Great caution was necessary, lest the savages should awake and. 
discover them. Any attempt to run away, where kindness and 


hospitality have been shown to a captive, is a mortal offense to an 
Indian, and can only be atoned for by the death of the offender. 

Late at night, when the Indians were in their deepest slumbers, 
Boone gently awakened Stewart, and by signs and whispers made 
known his purpose. Securing their guns, knives, etc., the two 
hunters quietly stole away, and successfully made their escape. 

They took their course as near as possible in the direction of 
their old hunting camp, and traveled all the balance of that night 
and the next day. But when they reached it they found it de- 
serted and plundered. No trace of their friends could be found. 
Boone and Stewart supposed they had become disheartened and 
returned to North Carolina, but in this they were mistaken ; and 
from that day to this no clue to the fate of the balance of the party 
has ever been discovered. The most probable conclusion is, that 
they were killed by the Indians, and their remains devoured by 
wild animals. 

Boone and his companion continued their hunting, but with 
more caution, for their ammunition had begun to fail, and their 
late experience led them to be more vigilant in guarding against 
surprise by the Indians. 

One day, early in January, 1770, while hunting in the woods, 
they discovered two men at some distance from them, and being 
in doubt as to whether they were white men or Indians, Boone 
and his companion grasped their rifles and sprang behind trees. 
The strangers discovered them at the same time, and began to ad- 
vance and make signs that they were friends. But this did not 
satisfy Boone, who very well knew that the Indians often resorted 
to such tricks to deceive their enemies and throw them off their 
guard. So he gave the challenge, "Halloe, strangers! who are 
you?" The answer came back, "White men, and friends." 

Imagine Boone's surprise and delight upon discovering in one- 
of the strangers his brother. Squire Boone, who, in company with 
another adventurer, had come from North Carolina in search of 
his long absent brother, bringing news from his family, and fresh 
supplies of powder and lead. They had traced the white hunters 
by their camp fires and other signs, and only an hour before the 
meeting, had stumbled upon their camping place of the previous 

This happy meeting infused new life and spirit into the entire 
party, and they continued their hunting with renewed energy and 


But only a few days elapsed before a sad misfortune befel 
them. Daniel Boone and Stewart while hunting in company, at 
some distance from their camp, were again attacked by a part}' 
of Indians. Stewart was shot and scalped, but Boone made his 
escape. Still another misfortue befel them shortly after this. 
The man who had come with Squire Boone from North Carolina, 
went into the woods one morning, and did not return. The two 
brothers supposed he was lost, but after several days of diligent 
search, they gave him up, supposing he had taken that method to 
desert them and make his way back to the settlements. But he 
■was never seen alive again. Long afterward, a decayed skeleton 
and some fragments of clothing were discovered near a swamp, 
and these were supposed to be his remains. The manner of his 
death was never known, and by some unaccountable oversight his 
name was never made public. 

The brothers were now entirely alone, but thej' were not de- 
spondent or indolent. They continued their hunting during the 
day, and sang and talked by their fires at night. The}' built a 
rough cabin to protect themselves from the weather, and, though 
surrounded by dangers on all sides, thej' were contented and 

As spring approached, their ammunition began to fail, and 
it was decided that Squire Boone should return to North Car- 
olina for fresh supplies. 

On the 1st of May the brothers shook hands and separated. 
Squire took up the line of march for the settlements on the 
Yadkin river, more than five hundred miles distant, leaving Dan- 
iel alone in the wilderness. 

For several days after the departure of his brother, he was op- 
pressed by a feeling of loneliness, and his philosophy and fortitude 
were put to a severe test. In order to relieve himself from this 
feeling, and to gain a. more extended knowledge of the countrj^ 
he made long tours of observation to the south-west, and explored 
the country along the waters of Salt and Green rivers. 

The time for his brother's return having arrived, he retraced 
his steps to their old camp, and upon his arrival there discovered, 
by unmistakable signs, that it had been visited by Indians. His 
absence, therefore, had doubtless saved him fi'om capture, and 
perhaps death. 

On the 27th of July his brother returned, and a joyful meeting 
ensued. He rode one horse, and led another heavily ladened with 


the necessaries required. His brother's family he reported to be 
in good health and comfortable circumstances, which afforded 
great consolation and relief to the long absent husband. 

Convinged that the portion of country they were now in was in- 
fested by bands of Indians, and that the horses would most like- 
ly excite their cupidity and lead to their capture, they decided 
to change their location. Acting upon this decision, they left 
their old camping ground, and proceeded to the country lying 
between Cumberland and Green rivers, which they thoroughly ex- 
plored. They found the surface broken and uneven, abounding in 
what are called sink holes, or round depressions in the earth, 
which are not unusual in cavernous limestone regions ; the timber 
was scattering and stunted ; the soil seemed thin and poor, and 
they soon became dissatisfied with that portion of the country. 

In March, 1771, they returned by a north-eastern direction, 
to the Kentucky river, where the soil appeared more fertile, and 
the country more heavily timbered ; and here they resolved to fix 
the site of their projected settlement. 

Having now completed their observations, they packed up as 
much peltry as their horses could carry, and departed for their 
homes on the Yadkin river, determined, as soon as possible, to 
return with their families and settle permanently in Kentucky. 

It was a joyful meeting that took place between Daniel Boone 
and his family, for he had been absent two years, during which 
time he had seen no other human being except his travelling com- 
panions and the Indians who had taken him prisoner, and had 
tasted neither bread nor salt. And of the party of six who left 
the Yadkin two 3'ears before, he alone lived to return. Any one 
less enamored of frontier life, would have been disheartened 
at these trials, and satisfied to spend the remainder of his days 
in the enjoyment of a quiet domestic home. But he seemed to 
regard himself, during his entire life, as an instrument in the 
hands of Providence for opening and settling up the western wil- 
derness, and acted as much from a sense of duty as a love of 

Notwithstanding Boone's anxiety to remove his family to the 
hunting grounds of Kentucky, more than two years elapsed be- 
fore he had completed his arrangements for so doing. He had 
no trouble in persuading his wife and family to accompany him, 
for they were willing and anxious to follow wherever he would 
lead. They had seen enough of frontier life to know its dangers, 


and realize the discomforts and inconveniences they would have to 
endure ; but these did not deter them, for the pioneer women of 
those days were as daring and self-sacrificing in their sphere as 
their husbands, sons and brothers. Moreover, they had bright 
dreams of vast plantations and future wealth for their children 
and descendants in the midst of the rich forests of Kentucky, 
where land could then be had for the occupation ; and these 
visions no doubt had their influence in nerving them to meet the 
perils of a pioneer life. 

On the 25th of September, 1773, Daniel and Squire Boone, 
with their families, bade farewell to their friends on the Yadkin, 
and set out on their march for the distant land of Kentucky. A 
drove of pack-horses carried their provisions, clothing, bedding, 
ammunition, etc., and a number of milk cows, driven b}- the 
3'oung men, supplied nourishment for the children. 

At Powell's Valley, througii which their route lay, they received 
an accession to their party of five families and forty well armed 
men. This valuable reinforcement gave them new courage, and 
the}' proceeded on their way with lighter hearts and increased 
confidence. But they soon met with a misfortune that changed 
the whole aspect of affairs, and caused the expedition to be aban- 
doned for the time being. 

Their route led them over Powell's, Wallen's, and Cumberland 
mountains, it having been marked out by the brothers on their 
return from their previous expedition. In the latter range, near 
the junction of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee, there is a 
singular opening, now called "Cumberland Gap," and it was 
through this the party intended to pass. As they were approach- 
ing it, seven of the yoang men, who had charge of the cattle, 
and who had fallen some five or six miles in the rear of the main 
body, were suddenly and furiously attacked b}' a party of In- 
dians. Six were killed on tlie spot. The seventh, though vm- 
armed, made his escape, and the cattle were dispersed in the 
woods. Among the slain was James Boone, the eldest son of 
Daniel, who, in the opening promise of manhood, thus fell a victim 
to savage ferocity. 

The rest of the party heard the firing, and hastily returned to 
the scene of the massacre, but too late to save their friends. The 
Indians were driven off, and the dead buried, in the midst of the 
lamentations and tears of their friends and relatives. 

The emigrants were so disheartened and terrified by this ca- 


lamity, that a retreat was resolved upon ; and they returned to 
the settlements on Clinch river, in the south-western part of Vir- 
ginia, forty miles from the scene of the massacre. 

Here Boone remained until June, 1774, when a messenger from 
Governor Dunmore arrived in the settlement, with a request from 
hiin that Daniel -Boone would go immmediately into the wilder- 
ness of Kentucky and conduct from thence a party of surveyors, 
who were believed to be in great danger from the Indians. 
Boone was now in his fortieth year, with finely developed physical 
powers, and a mind well trained for the work that lay before him. 
He set out immediately, in company with another pioneer named 
Michael Stoner, and in sixty-two days they had performed the 
journey, accomplished their object, and returned home, having 
traveled in that time, eight hundred miles, on foot. 

Among the partj- of surveyors which Boone and his compan- 
ion had thus rescued, were Thomas Bullet, Hancock Taylor, 
James Harrod, and James, Robert, and George McAfee, several 
of whom afterward settled in Kentucky, and established f^imilies 
that are still in existence in that State. 

During Boone's absence in Kentucky, several tribes of Indians, 
whose country lay to the north-west of the Ohio river, commenc- 
ed open hostilities against the white settlers, and upon his return 
he was appointed to the command of three contiguous garrisons 
on the frontier, with the commission of captain. Several skir- 
mishes ensued at diffei-ent times, and the campaign finally ended 
with the battle of Point Pleasant, at the junction of the Great 
Kenhawa and Ohi6 rivers, in which the Indians were routed and 
dispersed, although their numbers greatlj- exceeded those of 
their opponents. The white troops consisted of eleven hundred 
men, in three regiments, commanded by General Andi-ew Lewis. 
The Indians were commanded by the celebrated chief Cornstalk, 
who led them with great courage and sagacity. 

At the close of hostiUties, Boone returned to his family-, and 
spent the following winter in hunting. 

Early in 1775, he was emplo3'ed bj' a companj' of land specula- 
tors, called the Transylvania Company, who had purchased large 
bodies of land in Kentucky, from the Indians, to explore the 
country and open a road from the settlements on the Holston to 
the Kentucky river. He was supplied with a company of well 
armed men, and proceeded at once to the task assigned him, 
which he found to be a very difficult one. Hills, mountains, and 


rivers had to be crossed, thick cane-brakes and dense forests 
penetrated, and all in the face of a vigilant, wily, and treacher- 
ous Indian foe. On the 22d of March, 1775, when they had ar- 
rived within fifteen miles of the future site of Boonesborough, 
they were fired upon by the Indians, and two of the party were 
killed and two wounded. Three days afterward they were again 
fired upon, and two more men were killed and three wounded. 

The following letter from Boone to Col. Richard Henderson, 
president of the land company by which he was employed, ex- 
plains these two afl"airs in his own language : 

"April 1st, 1775. 
" Dear Colonel, 

" After my compliments to you, I shall acquaint you with 
our misfortune. On March the 25th, a party of Indians fired on 
my company about half an hour before day, and killed Mr. Twit- 
ty and his negro, and wounded Mr. Walker very deeply, but I 
hope he will recover. 

" On March the 28th, as we were hunting for provisions, we 
found Samuel Tate's son, who gave us an account that the Indians 
fired on their" camp on the 27th day. My brother and I went 
down and found two men killed and scalped, Thomas McDowell 
and Jeremiah McPeters. I have sent a man down to all the lower 
companies in order to gather them all to the mouth of Otter Creek. 
My advice to you. Sir, is, to come or send as soon as possible. 
Your company is desired greatly, for the people are very uneasy, 
but are willing to stay and venture their lives with you ; and now 
is the time to flusterate their (the Indians') intentions, and keep 
the country, whilst we are in it. If we give way to them now, it 
will ever be the case. This day we start from the battle ground, 
for the mouth of Otter Creek, where we shall immediately erect a 
fort, which will be done before you can come or send ; then we 
can send ten men to meet you, if you send for them. 

" I am, Sir, your most obedient 

"Daniel Boone. 

" N. B. We stood on the ground and guarded our baggage 
till day, and lost nothing. We have about fifteen miles to Can- 
tuck, at Otter Creek. " 

Boone having selected a site on the banks of the Kentucky riv- 
er, they began, on the Ist day of April, to erect a stockade fort, 
which was called Boonesborough. This was the first permanent 
settlement of whites within the limits of Kentucky. 

During the building of the fort they were constantly hartassed 
by the Indians, who seemed stung to madness at the idea that 
white people should presume to erect houses on their hunting 


grounds. But they could not prevent the work from progressing, 
and by the middle of June the fort was so far completed as to 
afford protection against their assaults. 

This fort was built in the form of a parallelogram, about two 
hundred feet long, and one hundred and seventy-five broad. At 
the four corners there were projecting block-houses, built of hewn 
logs, fitted close together, and well supplied with port holes for 
rifles. The spaces immediately adjoining these block-houses were 
filled with stockades for a short distance, and the remaining spaces 
on the four sides, except tile gateways, were filled with rough log 
cabins, built close together, and likewise supplied with port holes 
for rifles. The two gates were placed on opposite sides, and were 
constructed of puncheons or split slabs, strongly barred together, 
and hung with heavy wooden hinges. The plan of this fort was 
followed in the construction of all the others that were subse^ 
quently erected, both in Kentucky and Missouri. 

The fort having been completed, Boone left his men to guard it 
and prepare ground for a crop of corn and vegetables, while he 
returned to Clinch river for his family. 

Nothing of importance occurred during this trip, or the return 
to Boonesborough, which they reached in safety. Mrs. Boone 
and her daughters were the first white women that ever stood on 
the banks of the Kentucky river, which are now in the midst of 
the blue-grass region, so famous for its beautiful and accomplish- 
ed women. 

Shortly after the arrival of Boone and his family, three other" 
families joined them, viz : McGary, Ilogan, and Denton. These 
were soon joined by others, and the little settlement began to 
assume a flourishing aspect. 

In the summer of 1775 other stations and settlements were es- 
tablished in the new territory ; and the strength and confidence 
of the whites increased daily. Harrod's and Bryan's Stations, 
and Logan's Fort were built about this time. Bryan's Station was 
besieged by the Indians several times, and a number of fights oc- 
curred at and near it ; so that it became one of the principal 
points among the white settlements. The city of Lexington was 
also established during the summer of 177.5. A party of hunters 
wliile encamped on the site of the future town, were joined by an 
emigrant, who brought news of the opening events of the revolu- 
tion, and the battle of Lexington. PlKcited by their patriotic 


feelings, the hunters immediately decided to name their encamp- 
ment Lexington, in honor of the first battle for freedom. 

The spring of 177(3 opened auspiciously for the new settlers. 
The Indians, though by no means friendly, made no direct at- 
tacks upon them, and being comparatively unmolested, they pro- 
ceeded to clear away the brush and ' ' deaden ' ' the timber around 
their stations and forts, preparatory to planting the summer's 
crops. In the mean time their food consisted of the game the}'' 
killed in the woods, and such supplies as they had brought with 
them from the older settlements. 

Thus the time passed quietly away until the 14th day of July, 
1776, when the whole country was thrown into a state of excite- 
ment and anxiety by the capture of Jemima Boone and Betsy and 
Frances Callaway, daughters of Col. Eichard Callaway, who had 
moved to Kentucky early that spring. Tlie girls were about 
fourteen years of age, were devoted friends, and spent most of 
their time together. On the evening of their capture they were 
amusing themselves by rowing along the river in -a canoe, which 
they handled with great dexterity. Anticipating no danger, and, 
being governed bj' the desire that possesses all human beings, to 
know what lies beyond tliem, they crossed over to the opposite 
shore. Here the attention of the girls was caught by a cluster of 
•wild flowers, and desiring to possess them, they turned the prow 
of the canoe toward the shore. The trees and shrubs were thick, 
and extended down to the water's edge, affording a safe shelter 
for a band of Indians who lay concealed there. Just as one of the 
girls was in the act of grasping the flowers, an Indian slid stealth- 
ily down the bank into the water, and seizing the rope that hung 
at the bow of the canoe, turned its course up stream, in a direc- 
tion to be hidden from the view of the fort by a projecting point. 
At the same time four other Indians appeared with drawn toma- 
hawks and knives, and intimated to the girls by signs and mo- 
tions that if they caused any alarm they would be killed on the 
spot. But, terrified at their sudden and unexpected capture, the 
girls shrieked for help. Their cries were heard at the fort, but 
too late for their rescue. The canoe was the only means the gar- 
rison had of crossing the river, and that was now on the opposite 
side and in possession of the enemy. None dared to swim the 
stream, fearing that a large body of Indians were concealed in the 
woods on the opposite bank. 

Boone and Callaway were both absent, and night set in before 


tkeir return, and arrangements could be made for pursuit. The 
following account of the pursuit and recapture of the girls is given 
by Col. Floyd, who was one of the pursuing party : 

"Next morning by daylight we were on the track, but found 
they had totally prevented our following them, by walking some 
distance apart through .the thickest canes they could find. 
We observed their course, and on which side we had left their 
sign, and traveled upwards of thirty miles. We then imagined 
that they would be less cautious in traveling, and made a turn in 
order to cross their trace, and had gone but a few miles before we 
found their tracks in a buffalo path ; pursued and overtook them 
on going about ten miles, just as they were kindling a fire to cook. 
Our study had been more to get the prisoners, without giving the 
Indians time to murder them after they discovered us, than to kill 

"We discovered each other nearly at the same time. Four of 
us fired, and all rushed on them, which prevented them from car- 
rying away &uy thing except one shot gun without ammunition. 
Mr. Boone and myself had a pretty fair shot, just as they began 
to move off. I am well convinced I shot one through, and the 
one he shot dropped his gun ; mine had none. The place was 
very thick with canes, and being so much elated on recovering 
the three little broken-hearted girls, prevented our making fur- 
ther search. We sent them off without their moccasins, and not 
one of them with so much as a knife or a tomahawk." 

As stated elsewhere, Jemima Boone afterward married Flan- 
ders Callaway, a son of Col. Richard Callaway, and brother to her 
young friends with whom She was captured. 

After this incident the settlers were more cautious, being con- 
vinced that the country was infested by bands of hostile Indians, 
who were watching each station for the purpose of picking up any 
stragglers that might come in their way. Guards were therefore 
placed around the corn fields where the men worked, and these 
were relieved from time to time by the laborers in the fields, who, 
in their turn, stood guard. 

During the remainder of the Summer of 1776 they were greatly 
harrassed by the Indians, jyho hardly suffered a day or night to 
pass without making some kind of demonstration against one or 
more of the stations ; and when fall came, they had produced so 
great a panic among the whites that many of them left in conster- 
nation, and returned to their old homes. It required all the ad- 
dress and persuasion of the oldest and bravest of the pioneers 
to prevent the settlements from being entirely deserted. 


The following year, 1777, was a dai*k one for those who remain- 
ed, and many of the bravest became discouraged. The stations 
were frequently assailed by large bodies of Indians ; individuals 
were shot and scalped by a concealed foe, and most of the cattle 
and horses were destroyed or driven away. 

The forts and stations at that time were very weakly manned, 
and they could easily have been captured by a concentrated 
movement of the savages. The entire effective force did not ex- 
ceed one hundred men, and these were divided between some 
three or four stations. 

During these trying times Boone was not idle. As dangers 
thickened and appearances grew more alarming, he became more 
silent and thoughtful than usual ; and as the pioneei's, with their 
loaded rifles in their hands, sat around their fires in the evening 
and related tales of hair-breadth escapes from the Indians. 
Boone would sit silently by, apparently unheeding their conversa- 
tion, and busily engaged in mending rents in his hunting shirt and 
leggins, moulding bullets, or cleaning his rifle. But he was their 
undisputed leader in everything, and no enterprise of importance 
was undertaken without first consulting him. Often, with one or 
two trusted companions, but more frequently alone, he would 
steal away into the woods as night approached, to reconnoitre the 
surrounding forests, and see if he could find any signs of the 
presence of an enemy. During the day, when not otherwise em- 
ployed, he would range the country in the double capacity of 
hunter and scout, and supply the garrison with fresh game, while 
he kept himself fully informed as to the movements of the savage 
foe. On these excursions, which often extended a long distance 
from the fort, he would frequently meet new settlers, and con- 
duct them in safety to the stations. Entirely unselfish, he was 
always more ready to assist others, and to aid in all public enter- 
prises, than to attend to his own interests, and it was this char- 
acteristic that left him a poor man when he died. 

During the winter of 1777-78 the people began to suffer greatly 
for salt, the cost of bringing so heavy an article across the moun- 
tains on horseback, being so great that but few of them could 
aflford to use it. Theriefore, after considering the -matter, it was 
decided that thirty men,'headed by Captain Boone, should take 
such kettles as could be spared, and proceed to the Lower Blue 
Licks, on Licking river, and there manufacture salt. They com- 
menced operations on new year's da,y, 1778. 


Boone filled the three positions of commander, hunter, and 
scout, and kept the men supplied with meat while he guarded 
against surprise by the Indians. They proceeded with their work 
without being molested, until the 7th of February, when Boone^ 
who was hunting at some distance from the Lick, was surprised by 
a party of more than one hundred Indians, accompanied by two 
Canadians. He attempted to make his escape, but was soon over- 
taken by some of their swiftest runners, and captured. 

This party was on a winter's campaign (an unusual thing with 
the Indians, and therefore unlooked for by the whites), to attack 
Boonesbdrough. This information Boone obtained soon after his 
capture, and "knowing that the weak and unsuspecting garrison 
could not withstand an assault from so large a force, he was filled 
with apprehension for their safety, and began to devise some 
means to prevent the attack. He well understood the Indian 
character, and knew how to manage them. 

Pretending to be pleased with their company, he soon gaihcd 
their confidence, and then made favorable terms with them for his 
men at the Lick, assured that their capture would prevent an at- 
tack upon the fort, and thus save the women and children. On 
approaching the Lick, he advanced in front of his captors, and 
made signs to the salt-makers to offer no resistance. They, hav- 
ing perfect confidence in their leader, and knowing he had 
obtained favorable terms for them, did as directed, and quietly 
surrendered. The result proved Boone's sagacity. The expedi- 
tion against Boonesborough was immediately abandoned, and the 
Indians, with their prisoners, set out at once for their own 
country. The generous usage promised before the capitulation 
was fully complied with, and the prisoners were treated with all 
the hospitality that could be expected from savages. They ar- 
rived at Old Chillicothe, the principal Indian town on the Little 
Miami, On the 18th of February, where most of them were sub- 
sequently ransomed by the British authorities, and returned to 
their friends. 

Boone was afterward court-martialed for his conduct in this and 
subsequent afl"airs, but upon investigation he was not only honor- 
ably acquitted, but promoted for liis sagacity and foresight 

On the 10th of March, 1780, Boone and ten of his companions 
were conducted by forty Indians to Detroit, where they arrived on 
the 30th, and were treated with great humanity by Governor 
Hamilton, the British commander at that post. The fame of the 


distinguished pioneer had preceded him, and this no doubt had 
much to do with tlie generous treatment of himself and men. 
The latter were ransomed and paroled, but the Indians refused a 
ransom of one hundred pounds sterling which the Governor of- 
fered for lioone. They professed a deep affection for him, and 
declared their intention to take him back to their own country and 
adopt him as one of their warriors. His reputation as a hunter 
and fighter naturally led them to believe that he would be a valu- 
able acquisition to any of their tribes. 

This decision on their part greatly annoyed him, for he 
was exceedingly anxious to return to his family in Kentucky, and 
he now realized that it would be a long time before he would have 
an opportunity of doing so. 

But he was too shi'ewd to manifest any disappointment or vex- 
ation in the presence of the Indians, for anything of the kind, or 
the slightest attempt to escape, would have added tenfold to their 
vigilance over him. So he pretended to be well pleased with 
their determination, and expressed a desire to accompany them as 
soon as the}'^ were ready. 

They returned to Chillicothe in April, where he was adopted 
by Blackfish, a distinguished Shawnee chief, after the Indiar» 
fashion, to supply the place of a deceased son and warrior. 

After his adoption he was regarded with great affection by his 
Indian father and mother, .and was treated on all occasions with 
marked attention as a distinguished hunter and mighty brave. 
He took care to encourage their affection for him, and treated all 
his fellow-warriors in the most familiar and friendly manner. He 
joined them in their rifle and musket shooting games, and gained 
great applause by his skill as a marksman ; but was careful not to 
excel them too frequently, as nothing will so soon excite the envy 
and hatred of an Indian as to be beaten at anything in which he 
takes pride. 

Afler he had been with them some time he was permitted to go 
alone into the woods in quest of game, but his powder was always 
measured to him and his balls counted, and when he returned he 
was required to account in game for all the ammunition he could 
not produce. But by using small charges of powder, and cutting 
balls in halves, with which he could kill squirrels and other small 
game, he managed to save a few charges of powder and ball for 
use in case he should find an opportunity to escape. 

One evening early in June, he was alarmed, upon returning 


from his day's hunt, to see a large body of four hundred and 
fifty warriors collected in the town, painted and armed for the 
war-path. His alarm was greatly increased a few minutes later, 
by learning that their destination was Boonesborough. 

He at once decided to lose no more time, but make his escape 
immediately, and proceed as rapidly as possible to the settlements 
in Kentucky, and alarm the people in time to save them from a 
general massacre. 

That night he secreted about his person some jerked venison, 
to sustain him during his long journey ; and early the next morn- 
ing he left the Indian village, with his gun on his shoulder, as if 
he were going into the woods for his usual day's hunt. But after 
wandering about for some time, as if in quest of game, in order 
to allay the suspicions of any spies that might follow him, and 
having placed several miles between himself and the town, he 
suddienly changed his course in the direction of Boonesborough, 
and set off with all his might for his beloved home. The distance 
exceeded one hundred and sixty miles, which he traveled in less 
than five days, eating but one regular meal, which was a turkey 
that he shot after crossing the Ohio river. 

Until he left that stream behind him, his anxiety was very great, 
for he knew that he would be followed, and being but an indiffer- 
ent swimmer he anticipated trouble in crossing the river. But 
he was rejoiced upon reaching its banks to find an old canoe that 
had floated into the brush and lodged. There was a hole in one 
end of it, but this he contrived to stop, and the frail vessel bore 
him safely to the Kentucky shore. 

His appearance at Boonesborough was almost like one risen 
from the dead, and he was received by the garrison with joyful 
shouts of welcome. His capture and journey to Detroit were 
known by reports of prisoners who had escaped, but his friends 
did not expect ever to see him again. His wife, despairing of 
his retui'n; had conveyed herself and some of the children, on 
pack-horses, to her father's home in North Carolina, and he keen- 
ly felt the disappointment at not meeting her. The tongue of 
calumny, too, ever ready to stir up strife, endeavored to bring 
about a permanent separation of these two devoted people, but 
without success, though it cost them both much trouble and an- 
guish. This is a period of Boone's life that he never mentioned 
to his most intimate friends, and justice indicates that the histo- 
rian should also cover it with the mantle of silence. • 


The garrison of the fort had become careless in their duties ; 
had dispersed over the neighborhood in the pursuit of their vari- 
ous occupations, and had suffered the works to get out of repair. 
But the intelligence brought by Boone of the threatened invasion, 
aroused them to a sense of their danger, and great activity at 
once prevailed in making the necessary repairs and strengthening 
the fortifications. Information soon reached them, however, that 
on account of Boone's escape, the expedition had been aban- 
doned for the present. 

This gave them a short breathing spell, and Capt. Boone de- 
cided to improve it to the best advantage. Early in August, with 
a company of nineteen men,, he made an excursion into the In- 
dian country, for the purpose of frightening them, and to send 
out the impression that the whites were no longer so weak that 
they needed to stand entirely upon the defensive. 

When within a short distance of an Indian village on Paint 
Creek, a branch of the Scioto, they met a party of thirty warriors 
on their march for Kentucky. A battle ensued, in which one 
Indian was killed and two wounded ; when the rest gave way 
and fled. Three horses and all their baggage were captured, 
while the Kentuckians maintained no loss whatever. 

Learning that a large body of Indians, under the celebrated 
chief Blackfish, who was Boone's adopted father while in captiv- 
ity', supported by a few Canadians, commanded by Captain 
Duquesne, were on the march for Boonesborough, the heroic 
little band immediately started on their return to Kentucky. The 
army of Indians and Canadians lay between them and their des- 
tination, but they adroitly spied out their position, passed them 
in safety, and reached Boonesborough in time to give the alarm. 

On the 7th of September this formidable ami}' appeared before 
the fort, and demanded its surrender "in the name of his Bri 
tannic Majesty," with assurances of liberal treatment if the 
demand were complied with. It was a critical moment, for the 
garrison consisted of only from sixty to seventy men, with a large 
number of women and children. If they offered resistance, and 
were defeated, which seemed to be a foregone conclusion, in view 
of the overpowering numbers of the enemy, all alike would fall 
victims to the tomahawk and scalping knife ; but if they accepted 
the terms offered, and surrendered, there was a possibility that 
they would be saved. 

In ttie mean time a dispatch had been sent to Col. Campbell, 


on the Holston, for reinforcements, and if they could by any 
means delay the attack until these were within reach, they 
would be safe. At this critical juncture, Boone had recoui'se 
to stratagem, in order to gain time. He requested that the gar- 
rison be allowed two days to consider the proposition to surrender, 
and his request being granted, the time was employed in collect- 
ing the cattle and horses within the walls of the fort, and filling 
every vessel with water from the spring, which was outside the 
palisades. (By a singular oversight, the springs, both at Boones- 
borough and Bryan's Station, were not enclosed within the walls 
of the fortifications, and on several occasions, during the different 
sieges that occurred, they were greatly pressed for water.) These 
duties were performed by the women and girls, in order that the 
enemy might have no opportunity to learn the real weakness of 
the gariisou. 

The arrangements having been completed. Captain Boone, 
toward the close of the second da}', ascended one of the bastions 
iind announced to Duquesne that tlie garrison had decided not to 
surrender, and added: "We laugh at your formidable prepara- 
tions, but thank you for giving notice and time to prepare for 

He expected an immediate assault, and the men were prepared 
for it, but on the contrary, Duciucsne came forward with another 
proposition for a surrender. He declared that his orders were to 
take the garrison captives, and treat them as prisoners of war, 
instead of murdering tliem ; and that tliey were prepared with 
horses to convey the women and those who could not travel on 
foot, to the British possessions. He further proposed that the 
garrison depute nine men to come within their lines and agree 
upon the terms of a treaty. 

Boone and his companions very well understood that these fair 
promises had a sinister motive at the bottom, and meant treach- 
ery ; but they wanted to gain time, and were willing to consent to 
almost any conditions that would cause delay. So they signified 
their acceptance of the last proposition, and appointed t!ie place 
of meeting on the open plat of ground in front of the fort. 

Ever ready to sacrifice himself for the good of others, Boonto 
decided to lead the part}' on this hazardous adventure, and 
called for eight additional volunteers. Every man in the fort 
stepped forward in answer to this call, and eight of the shrewdest 
and stoutest were selected. The names of four of these have 


been preserved. They were, Flanders Callaway, Stephen Han- 
cock, William Hancock, and Squire Boone. 

Before leaving the fort, twenty men with loaded rifles were 
stationed so as to command a full view of the proceedings, with 
orders to fire on the Indians in case treachery should be 

The terms offered by Duquesne were exceedingly liberal ; so 
liberal, in fact, that Boone and his companions knew they did not 
come from honest hearts ; but in order to gain time, they humor- 
ed the whims of the enemy and held a long conference with them. 
At its close, the Indians proposed that, in order to make the 
terms more binding, and to revive an ancient custom on this 
great occasion, two Indians should shake hands with one white 
man, and thus manifest tlieir friendliness. Even to this proposi- 
tion, which they knew would end in an attempt at their capture, 
Boone and his party acceded. They were, entirely unarmed, as 
it would have been regarded as a breach of confidence to have 
appeared upon the treaty ground with arms in their hands ; but 
each man felt able to cope with two of his savage foes. When 
the latter approached, each grasped a hand and arm of the white 
men, and a scuffle immediately ensued, for the Indiams attempted 
to drag them off as prisoners. But at this critical moment, the 
guard in the fort fired upon the Indians and threw them into 
confusion, and Boone and his companions knocked down or 
tripped their antagonists, and fled into the fort. Squire Boone 
was the only one of the party who was hurt, and he received only 
a slight wound. 

The main body of Indians, who were prepared for the turn 
affairs had taken, now rushed forward and made a furious assault 
upon the fort. But they met with a warm reception, and were 
soon glad to withdraw to the cover of the woods again. 

After the first assault they remained at a respectful distance, 
for they had a wholesome dread of the rifles of the Kentuckians, 
which would shoot further and with much greater accuracy than 
their old smooth-bore muskets. Most of their balls were spent 
before they reached the fort, and fell harmlessly back from the 
tough oaken palisades. 

Finding they could not carry the fort by assault, they attempt- 
ed to set it on fire, by throwing combustibles upon the roofs ; and 
for a time this new mode of attack seemed about to prove suc- 
cessful. But a daring young man climbed to the roof in the midst 


of a shower of balls, and remained there with buckets of water 
until the fire was extinguished. 

Failing in this attempt, the Indians, under directions from the 
Canadians, resorted to another experiment, and tried to enter the 
fort by means of a mine. The fort stood about sixty yards from 
the river, and they began an excavation under the bank, 
which concealed them from view. But their project was 
detected by the muddy water seen at a little distance below, and 
it was defeated by the Kentuckians, who began a countermine 
within the fort, and threw the dirt over the palisades. While the 
men were engaged in digging this mine. Captain Boone con- 
structed a wooden cannon, which was loaded with powder, balls, 
old nails, pieces of iron, etc. It was his intention to place this 
instrument at the head of the mine, and as the Indians entered, 
fire it into their midst. But on the 20th of the month they raised 
the siege and departed for their own country, having lost thirty- 
seven warriors killed, and many more wounded. The Kentuck- 
ians had two men killed, and four wounded. After the departure 
of the Indians, one hundred and twenty-five pounds of musket 
balls were picked up around the fort, besides those that penetrat- 
ed and were made fast in the logs. 

During the siege the women and girls moulded bullets, loaded 
the rifles, and carried ammunition to their husbands, fathers, and 
brothers ; besides preparing refreshments, nursing the wounded, 
and assisting in various other ways. Jemima Boone, while car- 
rying ammunition to her father, received a contusion in her hip 
from a spent musket ball, which caused a painful, though bj" no 
means dangerous wound. 

While the parley was in progress between Boone and the In- 
dians, previous to the first attack, a worthless negro deserted and 
went over to the enemy, carrying with him a large, long-range 
rifle. He crossed the river, and stationed himself in. a tree, so 
that by raising his head above a fork, he could fire directly down 
into the fort. He had killed one man and wounded another, 
when Boone discovered his head peering above the fork for an- 
other shot. " You black scoundrel!" said the old pioneer, as he 
raised his rifie to his shoulder, " I Ml fix your flint for you," and 
quickly running his eye along the bright barrel of his rifle, he 
fired. The negro fell, and at the close of the battle was found at 
the roots of the tree with a bullet hole in the center of his fore- 
head. The distance was one hundred and seventy-five yards. 


Shortly after the siege of Boonesborough, Captain Boone was 
tried l)y a court-martial, under several charges, the principal of 
which were the surrender of his men at Blue Licks while they 
were making salt, and friendliness toward the Indians while a 
prisoner among them. 

Mr. Peck says the charges were preferred by Col. Richard Cal- 
laway, aided by Col. Benjamin Logan. But so far as Calla- 
way was concerned, this is a mistake, as we learn from old pio- 
neers still living, who were well acquainted with both Boone and 
Callaway, and who often heard them relate the history of those 
stirring times. The strongest friendship and utmost confidence 
always existed between Boone and Callaway, and their families 
after them ; and neither Callaway, or any of Boone's friends, 
ever thought there was the least shadow of an exciuse for the 
trumped up charges that were made against him. The trial re- 
sulted in tlie complete vindication of Boone, and his promotion 
to the rank of Major. 

In the autumn of 1778, Major Boone went to North Carolina 
for his wife and family, who were greatly rejoiced to see him alive 
and well once more. But he did not remove them to Kentucky 
until two 3'^ears later. 

In 177'J, the government of Virginia estaVjlished a Court of 
Commissioners, to hear and determine all disputes relative to 
land claims in Kentucky, and to grant certificates of settlement 
and pre-emption to those who were entitled to them. This 
brought out a large number of families and single persons who 
were interested in these claims, and for a time the Commissioners 
were overrun with applications. Most of the titles obtained at 
this time were afterward declared invalid, through want of com- 
pliance with law and the indefinite location of many of the 
claims, and heavy losses and great distress were occasioned there- 
by. Major Boone sold all his property, and invested nearl}' 
everything he possessed in land warrants. He was also entrusted 
with large sums of monej' by friends and acquaintances who 
deputed him to make their entries for them, and while on his way 
from Kentucky to Richmond with this money, amounting to about 
$20,000, he was robbed of every cent, and left worse than penni- 
less. Most of those who lost money by this misfortune readily 
gave up all claims against Boone, and freely exonerated him from 
any blame in the affair ; but a few charged him with their losses, 
alleging that he was robbed through his own carelessness, and 


these held him to account for the money they had placed in hia 
hands. Several years after his removal to Missouri, the venerable 
old pioneer returned to Kentucky and paid every cent of these 

The following extract from a letter written by Col. Thomas 
Hart, of Lexington, in 1780, to Captain Nathaniel Hart, is a fine 
tribute to the character of Boone under the trying ordeal through 
which he was at that time passing : 

" I observe what you say respecting our losses by Daniel Boone. 
I had heard of the misfortune soon after it happened, but not of 
my being a partaker before now. I feel for the poor people, who, 
perhaps, are to lose even their pre-emptions ; but I must say I 
feel more for Boone, whose character, I am told, suffers by it. 
Much degenerated must the people of this age be, when amongst 
them are to be found men to censure and blast the reputation of 
a person so just and upright, and in whose breast is tlie seat of 
virtue, too pure to admit of a thought so base and dishonorable. 
I have known Boone in times of old, when poverty and distress 
held him fast by the hand ; and in these wretched circumstances 
I have ever found him of a noble and generous soul, despising 
every thing mean; and therefore I will freely grant him a dis- 
charge for whatever sums of mine he might have been possessed 
of at that time." 

As previously stated, Major Boone returned to Kentucky with 
his family in 1780. In October of that year, he and his brother,. 
Squire Boone, went to the Blue Licks on a hunting expedition, 
and as they were returning home they wei'e fired upon by a party 
of Indians in ambush. Squire Boone was killed and scalped, and 
the Major was pursued several miles by the aid of an Indian dog; 
but he shot the dog and escaped. This calamity made a deep 
impression upon the old pioneer, and for a long time it preyed 
heavily upon his mind. His attachment to his brother was natu- 
rally very strong, and it had been increased and strengthened by 
fellowship in wanderings, sufferings and dangers for many years. 

About this time Kentucky was divided into three counties, by 
the Legislature of Virginia, and a civil and military government 
organized. Each county formed a regiment, and John Toddy 
an estimable and popular man, was elected Colonel for one of the 
counties (Lincoln), with Boone as Lieutenant-Colonel. Colonel 
Clark was commissioned Brigadier-General and placed in com- 
luand of the three regiments. With this military organization, 
and their augmented numbers, the settlers began to feel secure, 
and did not anticipate any more serious trouble with the Indians, 


But in this they were disappointed, for late in the autumn the 
savages again began to commit depredations upon the outposts 
and exposed settlements, and' did considerable damage, besides 
creating a great deal of alarm. Boonesborough, however, was 
not molested, being now in the interior and surrounded by other 
forts and station^. 

On the morning of the 14th of August, 1782, Bryan's Station, 
situated about five miles northeast of Lexington, \^as attacked by 
a large force of Indians under the notorious Simon Girty. The 
garrison numbered only about fifty men, and the station was not 
in the best condition to withstand a siege. Early in the morning 
of the 14th they were aroused by the hooting and yelling of sav- 
ages, and hastily gathering into the block-houses, they saw a small 
l)arty of Indians near the woods on one side of the station, yell- 
ing and dancing and gesticulating, and now and then firing a shot 
toward the fort. This party was so small, and appeared so con- 
temptible, that some of the younger men wanted to rush out and 
whip them immediately ; but fortunately there were older heads 
in the fort, and experienced Indian fighters, who knew that this 
was merely a ruse to entice them out of their fortifications, when 
they would be attacked by the main body, which they felt assured 
was concealed at no great distance. Runners were immediately' 
dispatched to Lexington and other points for assistance, who, se- 
cretly making their way out of the station and passing through the 
corn fields, reached their destinations in safety. Busy prepara- 
tions were then commenced to get everything ready for a siege, 
when the startling discovery was made that they were out of 
water. The spring was outside of the palisades, and water had 
to be conveyed from it in buckets. The question now arose 
as to how the}^ should get the water. It would not do for the 
men to go after it, for that would bring on the attack at once ; so 
it was proposed that the women and girls should be the water car- 
riers this time. The proposition was directly made known to 
them, but they did not receive it with favor. Some murmured, 
and said that the men evidently thought very little of their wives 
and daughters, if they were willing to send them where they were 
afraid to go themselves, and that if they were too badly scared to 
go to the spring, they had better hand their rifles over to the 
women and let them defend the fort. " We are not afraid," said 
the spokesman, "to go to the spring; but we know that if the 
m2n leave the fort we shall immediately be attacked by the entire 


force of the enemy, while you can go without exciting 
any suspicion or being in any danger, as the Indians know it 
is customary for you to bring the water." Finally, an old lady 
arose, got a couple of buckets, and started to the springs saying 
that she was no better than a man, anyhow, and was not much 
afraid of the red-skins either. Her example was silently followed 
by the rest, and they soon returned with their buckets filled with 
water. But some of the younger ones manifested a good deal of 
haste on their return, and as they entered the gate of the fort 
their eyes were very wide open, while much of the water in their 
buckets was spattered over their dresses and on the ground. The 
danger they had faced was indeed very great; for in the brush 
around the spring there lay concealed more than four hundred 
painted warriors, who could almost have grasped them by their 
dresses if they had been so disposed. 

As soon as these preparations were completed, thirteen daring 
young men were selected and sent out to attack and pursue^ the 
small party of Indians that were in view, while the balance of the 
men, with loaded rifles in their hands, were placed on the oppo- 
site side of the fort. The stratagem was successful. The small 
party of Indians retreated to the woods, pursued by the thirteen 
young men. Girty heard the firing, and supposing the main body 
to have left the fort, gave the signal yell, "and instantly the woods 
and undergrowth around the spring seemed alive with yelling 
savages. Firing a heavy volley at the fort, they rushed furiously, 
with Girty at their head^ against the nearest gate. But the 
Kentuckians were prepared for them, and their unerring rifles 
scattered death and destruction among their ranks. So deadly 
was the fire that they were seized with consternation, and fled 
precipitately into the woods. Here they were rallied by Girt}' 
and their chiefs, and with renewed yells came on to the second 
assault. But the leaden hail of tiie Kentucky rifles rained upon 
them again, and again they fled in consternation. After this an 
irregular fight was kept up for several hours, in which but little 
damage was done to either side. 

About two o'clocK in the afternoon a reinforcement of fifty 
men, on horseback and on foot, arrived from Lexington for the 
relief of the garrison. The Indians were aware of their ap- 
proach, and lay in ambush for them. The horsemen rushed 
through without the loss of a man ; but the footmen were not so 
fortunate. They first entered a cornfield, through which they 


should have passed to the fort, concealed as they were from the 
enemy ; but, eager to get a shot at the redskins, they emerged 
into the road again, fell into the ambuscade, and lost six men. 

The Indians, alarmed at this reinforcement, and expecting the 
arrival of other parties soon, were in favor of an immediate retreat 
to their own country. But Girty, furious at being foiled in hia 
attempt to subdue the station by force, and smarting from a 
slight wound received in the morning, resorted to stratagem with 
the hope of gaining his purpose. He crawled to a stump, near 
one of the bastions, and demanded a parle}'. Commending their 
manly defence and bravery, he urged that further resistance was 
useless, alluded to the large number and fierceness of his follow- 
ers, and asserted that he had a large reinforcement near at hand, 
with several pieces of artillery. He warned them that if they con- 
tinued to resist, and were finally captured by force, they would 
all be massacred; but assured them, "upon his honor," that if 
they would surrender then, they should be treated as prisoners of 
war. The commander of the station would not d6ign to pay the 
least attention to him, but he was answered in a taunting and 
pungent manner by a young man named Reynolds, who told him 
that he had a worthless dog, to which he had given the name of 
Simon Girty, in consequence of his striking resemblance to the 
man who bore that name ; that if he had artillery' and reinforce- 
ments he might bring them on, but if he or any of the naked ras- 
cals with him found their way into the fort, they would disdain to 
use their guns against them, but would drive them out with whips, 
of which they had collected a large number for that purpose. 
When he ceased speaking, some of the young men began to call 
out, "Shoot the scoundrel!" "Kill the renegade!" etc., and Gir- 
ty, seeing that his position was no longer safe, crawled back, crest- 
fallen, to the camp of his followers, and next morning the}' had 

Information of the attack on Bryan's Station had spread with 
great rapidity all over the country, and reinforcements came pour- 
ing in from every direction. Colonel Boone and his son Israel 
and brother Samuel, headed a strong party from Boonesborough ; 
Colonel Stephen Trigg brought up the forces from Harroosburg, 
and Colonel John Todd came with the militia from Lexington. 
Among the latter were Majors Harlan, McGary, McBridei, and 
Levi Todd. Colonel Benjamin Logan, who resided at a greater 
distance, raised a large force, but did not arrive in time to par- 


ticipate in the pursuit and the disastrous battle which followed. 

A council of the officers was held to decide upon what course 
should be followed. A large majority were eager for a fight, and 
favored immediate pursuit; but Colonel Boone, knowing the 
strength of the enemy, and realizing how hard it would be, in the 
midst of a battle with the Indians, to successfully control a body 
of raw militia, hastily collected together, without organization or 
drill, deemed it advisable to await the arrival of Colonel Logan 
and his force. 

But his wise counsels were not heeded. Colonel Todd was 
heard to say that Boone was a coward, and if they wanted the 
glory of a victory they should press forward immediately. 

The opinions of the majority prevailed, and the men were 
marched out to follow the trail. Boone and the more experienced 
ones soon became convinced that the Indians wanted to be fol- 
lowed, for instead of trying to hide their trail, as usual, they had 
taken pains to make it as plain as possible. The trees were 
marked with their tomahawks, the ground was much trodden, 
and their camp-fires were few, showing a design to mask their 

But no Indians were seen until the Kentuckians reached the 
bluffs of the Licking, opposite the Lower Blue Licks, when a few 
were discovered leisurely mai'ching over a ridge on the opposite 
side of the river. 

Colonel Todd now ordered a halt, for further consultation be- 
fore crossing the river, and, notwithstanding his intemperate lan- 
guage of the morning, especially solicited the views of Colonel 
Boone. He was still of the opinion that they had better await 
the arrival of Colonel Logan, for the Indians were very strong, 
and he had no doubt were well posted in ambush on the opposite 
side of the river. But in the event of a determination to proceed, 
he advised that the troops be divided into two parties, one of 
which should proceed above the bend of the river and cross in the 
rear of the enemy, while the other, crossing at the ford, where 
they then were, should proceed along the ti*ail and attack them in 

The position selected by the Indians was a strong one. The 
river, by making an abrupt curve to tlie north, or opposite side 
from the army, encircled a ridge for a mile or more in extent. 
Near the top of this ridge, on opposite sides, two ravines 
headed and ran down to the water's edge. They were filled with 


brushwood and trees, forming an admirable hiding place for the 
five hundred warriors who lay concealed there. The army, in fol- 
lowing the trail, would be enclosed, as if in a net, by these two 
ravines, and exposed to a raking fire on all sides, while the enemy 
was completely sheltered from their fire and hidden from view. 

While Boone and Todd were still consulting as to what course 
should be pursued. Major McGary, who was a warm friend of 
Boone, and who had become incensed at the intemperate language 
used by Colonel Todd, in the morning, in reference to him, raised 
the war whoop, spurred his horse into the river, and called out, 
" All who are not cowards, follow me, and I will show you where 
the Indians are." On the impulse of the moment, nearly the en- 
tire army followed him, yelling and whooping, to the opposite 
shore ; and the rest, with Boone and Todd, soon followed. The 
latter rode up to Major McGary and demanded,' in an excited 
manner, what he meant by his rash conduct, when McGary re- 
plied, "You wanted to fight, and, by g — d, I thought I would 
give you a chance." 

Colonel Boone now advised that some scouts be sent forward to 
examine the ground, and, if the enemy were present, ascertain 
his position. Those who had been eager for the fray in the morn- 
ing, were now, in the presence of the enemy, willing to heed the 
advice of the old pioneer, who still remained as cool and collected 
as if UDthing unusual were Iranspiring. 

Two bold and experienced scouts were selected and sent for- 
ward, but, though they proceeded half a mile beyond the ravines, 
no Indians were discovered. 

Orders were now given to march, and the army advanced. Col- 
onel Todd commanding the center, Trigg the right, and Boone 
the left. 

They proceeded to within forty yards of the ravines, when sud- 
denly the entire body of Indians poured a destructive fire into 
their ranks, from both sides of the ridge. The dead and w6unded 
fell thick at the first discharge, but the brave Kentuckians stood 
their ground like heroes,* notwithstanding they were greatly out- 
numbered and fought at such a disadvantage. Colonel Trigg fell 
at the first fire, and with him a large number of the Harrodsburg 
troops. Major Harland's advance guard maintained their ground 
until three men only remained, their commander having fallen 
covered with wounds. Colonel Todd was mortally wounded near 
the commencement of the battle, and when last seen he was 


reeling on his horse, with the blood streaming from his wounds. 
Major McGary fought like a tiger, but escaped unhurt. Colonel 
Boone was as cool as if he were merely on a hunting expedition, 
and gallantly led his men into the thickest of the fight. 

The army having been thrown into confusion, the Indians rush- 
ed upon the men with hideous yells and drawn tomahawks, and 
the retreat commenced at once. The fugitives rushed down the 
slope of the ridge to the river, and plunging in, waded or swam 
across, followed closely by the Indians. Many of them would 
have been killed in the river except for the presence of mind of a 
man named Netherland, who on former occasions had been called 
a coward, but in this instance acted like a hero. Being mounted 
on a spirited horse, he had outrun the main body of his retreating 
comrades, and had safely reached the opposite bank of the river. 
Looking back, he saw the Indians rushing into the river to kill 
those who were struggling with the current, and wheeling his 
horse, he called out to some ten or a dozen men who were near 
him, "Halt! fire on the Indians, and protect the men in the 
river." His loud, stern command had the desired effect, and a 
volley from a dozen rifles checked the savages and gave the men 
an opportunity to cross in safety. 

Many of the Indians swam the river above and below the ford, 
and continued the pursuit for more than twenty miles, killing some, 
and taking a few prisoners. The defeated army never halted un- 
til it reached Bryan's Station, thirty-six miles distant. 

Colonel Boone was one of the very last to leave the battle field, 
and when he saw that the rout was hopeless, he directed all his 
energies to the preservation of as many lives as possible. Just as 
he was leaving the field, he came upon his son, mortally wounded. 
For a moment he was overcome by the feelings of a tender and 
loving father, and, with tears streaming from his eyes, raised the 
dying form of his boy in his arms, and made his way toward a 
place of safety near the river, below the curve and the ravine, 
where he knew he could easily cross the current. 

He had proceeded' but a few steps when a powerful Indian, with 
raised tomahawk, sprang before him ; but in a moment the con- 
tents of Boone's gun entered his body, and he fell lifeless to the 
ground. Before he reached the bank of the river, his son expired 
in his arms, when, straining him to his bosom as he took a last 
look at the beloved face, he laid the still and lifeless form gently 
on the ground, and made his escape. 


This event made so deep an impression on the mind of the old 
pioneer, that, to the day of his death, he could not mention it 
without shedding tears. His brother, Samuel was severely 
wounded, but escaped. 

Of the one hundred and eighty-two persons who went into 
battle, about one-third were killed, twelve wounded, and seA'en 
carried off prisoners. These were put to death by torture after 
they reached the Indian towns. 

This disastrous battle covered Kentucky with mourning, for 
nearly every family in the little settlements had a relative or 
friend killed. 

The following report of the battle, made by Colonel Boone to 

Gov. Harrison, of Virginia, will be read with interest, as being 

one of the few ofUcial documents that remain from, his pen : 

"Booxk's Station, Fayettk Cot'ntv, "1 
"Aiiyust, 30th, 1782. / 


" Present circumstances of affairs cause me to write to your 
P2xcellency as follows. On the IGth instant, a large number of 
Indians, with some white men, attacked one of our frontier sta- 
tions, known by the name of Biyan's Station. The siege contin- 
ued from about sunrise till about ten o'clock the next day, when 
they marched off. Notice being given to the neighboring sta- 
tions, we immediate!}' raised one hundrecV and eighty-one horse- 
men, commanded by Colonel John Totid, including some of the 
Lincoln county militia, and ptu'sued al)0Ut forty miles. 

" On the l!)th instant, we discovered the enemy lying in wait 
for us. On this discover}'', we formed our columns into one 
single line, and marched up in their front within about forty 
yards before there was a gun fired. Colonel Trigg commanded 
on the right, mj'self on the left, and INIajor McGary in the centre, 
and Major Ilarland the advanced party in front. From the 
manner in which we had formed, it fell to my lot to bring on the 
attack. This was done with a very heav}' lire on both sides, and 
extended back of the line to Colonel Trigg, where the enemy was 
so strong they rushed up and broke the right wing at the first 
fire. Thus the enemy got in our rear, with tlie loss of seventy- 
seven of our men, and twelve wounded. Afterwards we were 
reinforced by Colonel Logan, which made our force four hundred 
and sixty men. We marched again to the battle ground; but, 
finding the enemy had gone, we proceeded to- bury the dead. 

" We found forty- three on the ground, and many lay about, 
which we could not stay to find, hungry and weary as we were, 
and somewhat dubious that the enemy might not have gone off 
quite. By the sign, we thought that the Indians had exceeded 


four hundred ; while the whole of this militia of the county does 
not amount to more than one hundred and thirty. From these 
facts your Excellency may form an idea of our situation. 

" I know that your own circumstances are critical ; but are we 
to be wholly forgotten ? I hope not. I trust about five hundred 
men may be sdnt to our assistance immediately. If these shall 
be stationed as our county lieutenants shall deem necessary, 
it may be the means of saving our part of the country ; but if 
they are placed under the direction of General Clark, they will 
be of little or no service to our settlement. The Falls lie one 
hundred miles west of us, and the Indians northeast ; while our 
men are frequently called to protect them. I have encouraged 
the people in this county all that I could ; but I can no longer 
justify them or myself to risk our lives here under such extraor- 
dinary hazards. The inhabitants of this county are very ruuch 
alarmed at the thoughts of the Indians bringing another cam- 
paign into our country this fall. If this should be the case, it 
will break up these settlements. I hope, therefore, your Excel- 
lency will take this matter into your coafcideration, and send us 
some relief as quick as possible. 

'•These are my sentiments, without consulting any person. 
Colonel Logan will, I expect, immediately send you an express, 
by whom I humbl}^ request your Excellencj^'s answer. In the 
meanwhile, I remain, &c. 

"Danikl Boone." 

The day after the little urmy of one hundred and eighty-two 
had left Bryan's Station, Colonel Logan arrived there at the head 
four hundred and fifty men. Fearful of some disaster, he imme- 
diately ordered a forced march, and set out on the old trail. 
They had proceeded only a few miles when they met the first 
party of fugitives, who, as usual in such cases, could give only 
an excited and unsatisfactory account of the affair. Colonel 
Logan now decided to return to the station and await the arrival 
of more of the survivors, in oi'der that he might obtain additional 
information, and know better how to proceed. By night they 
were all in, and the true story became known. 

Late that night, Colonel Loga.n, accompanied by Colonel 
Boone and a few of the survivors, started for the battle-ground, 
which they reached at noon the next day. The Indians were 
gone, but the sight was horrible. Dead and mutilated bodies 
were strewn through the timber, submerged in the river, and 
spread over the rocky ridge. Immense flocks of vultures we«"e 
hovering in the air, perched in the trees, or feeding on the bodies 
of the slain. The savages had mangled and scalped many, the 


wolves had torn others, and the oppressive heat of August had 
so disfigured tlieir faces that in many cases their friends could 
recognize them only by their clothing. They were buried as de- 
cently as circumstances would admit, and Logan and his men re- 
turned to Bryan's Station. 

As soon as the intelligence of the defeat at Blue Licks reached 
General Clark at Louisville, he began to make arrangements for a 
formidable expedition into the Indian country, and, with his- 
usual energy and determination, was soon on the march at the 
head of a large force. Colonel Boone went along as a volunteer 
scout, preferring that position to any command that could be 
given him. 

The march was conducted so rapidly and with so much secrecy^ 
that the army came within half a mile of Girty and his party, on 
their return from Kentucky, before they were aware of its pres- 
ence, or that such a force was even in existence. Two Indians, 
loitering in the rear, discovered the Kentuckians, and hastily 
fleeing to their companions gave the alarming intelligence that a 
mighty army was close upon them. 

They instantly evacuated their camp and fled, dispatching run- 
ners to all the surrounding towns to give the alarm. The towns 
were abandoned, and when General Clark and his men entered 
them they found nothing but deserted lodges. Upon entering 
Old Chillicothe they found fires -still burning and provisions in 
process of cooking. 

Of this expedition Colonel Boone said: 

"The savages fled in the utmost disorder, evacuating their 
towns, and reluctfintly left their territory to our mercy. We im- 
mediately took possession of the town of Old Chillicothe without 
opposition, it being deserted by its inhabitants In this expedi- 
tion we took seven prisoners and five scalps, with the loss of only 
four men, two of whom were accidentally killed by our owu 

The troops desti'oyed four other towns, cut the standing corn 
in the fields, and desolated the whole country. The destruction 
of their towns and property paralyzed the Indians more than a de- 
feat or battle would haA'e done, and the expedition, by teaching 
them the superiorty of the white people, both in numbers and 
means of carrying on war, put an end to their raids and depreda- 
tions, and the people of Kentucky, except in some of the frontier 
settlements, which were visited occasionally bj' small parties of 
Indians, were allowed to enjoy the blessed fruits of peace. 


Colonel Boone, with his receipts for military services, and the 
proceeds of his own industry, was enabled to pay for several tracts 
of land, on one of which he built a comfortable log cabin, and 
cleared a farm, where he expected to spend the remainder of his 
days. For several years he cultivated his crops, and, during the 
hunting season, amused himself at his favorite occupation. 

His last encounter with the Indians in Kentucky was of an 
amusing rather tlian a dangerous character, and was in substance 
as follows, as related bj' himself: 

Boone never used tobacco, but he had raised about one 
hundred and fifty hiils of the weed, on his farm, for the use of 
his neighbors. When it was ripe and ready to be housed, he 
built a pen of fence rails, about twelve feet high, and covered it 
with cane and grass ; and in this enclosure the tobacco was hung 
in three tiers, one above the other, to dry and " cure." In a abort 
time it was so drj' and crisp that it would crumble into powder 
upon being rubbed or roughly handled. 

One day while removing the sticks of tobacco from the lower 
tier to the up])er ones, and while standing with his feet on the 
poles of the lower tier, he was startled to hear the gruff Indian 
salutation of "How!" immediately under him. Looking down, 
he saw four Indians, with guns in their hands, who had entered 
by the low door, and were now looking up at him. Seeing that 
he observed them, they addressed him as follows: "Now, Boone, 
we got you. You no get away any more. We carry you off to 
Chillicothe this time. You no cheat us any more. Damn!" 
Boone recognized them as some of his old friends who had cap- 
tured him at the Blue Licks in 1778, and addressing them pleas- 
antly, he said, "Ah! old friends! Glad to sec yon. Just wait 
one moment, and I'll come down." He parleyed with them for 
some time, asking about old acquaintances, and pretending to be 
pleased with the opportunity of going with them ; until, having 
diverted their attention from him, he gathered a bundle of drj- to- 
bacco and threw it down upon their upturned faces, at the same 
time jumping upon them with as much of tlie tobacco as he could 
gather in his arms. Their mouths, eyes, and noses were filled 
with the pungent dust, which blinded them and set them to sneez- 
ing violently ; and in the midst of their discomfiture Boone rushed 
out and made his way to his cabin, where he had the means of de- 
fence. But notwiths^^anding his narrow escape, he could not 
withstand the temptation to look back and see the result of his 


achievement. The Indians were groping about with outstretched 
hands, feeling their way out of the pen, calling him by name, and 
cursing him for a rogue, and themselves for fools. 

In 1792 Kentucky was admitted into the Union as a State. As 
courts of justice were established in every community, litigation 
increased, and was carried to a distressing extent. Many of the 
old pioneers, who had cleared farms in the midst of the wilder- 
ness, and were prepared to spend the remainder of their days 
surrounded by peace and plenty, had their homes wrested from 
them, through lack of legal titles, bj^ greedy and avaricious spec- 
ulators, and were cast adrift in their old age, to again fight the 
battle of existence. Colonel Boone was among the suflferers. 
Every foot of his land was taken from him, and he wrs left pen- 
niless. His recorded descriptions of location and boundary were 
defective, and shrewd speculators had the adroitness to secure 
legal titles by more accurate and better defined entries. 

Disgusted with legal quibbles and technicalities, and disheart- 
ened at his misfortunes, Boone decided to once more seek a home 
in the wilderness. About the year 1790 he removed to the 
Kenhawa Valley, in Virginia, and settled near Point Pleasant, 
where he remained until 1795, when he removed to Missouri, or 
Upper Louisiana, as it was then called. His son, Daniel M. 
Boone, had already settled in that country, and gave such glow- 
ing accounts of the climate, soil, game, etc., that the old pioneer's 
imagination was captivated. About the same time he received 
an invitation from the Spanish Lieutenant-Governor, Zenon 
Trudeau, to remove there, offering as an inducement a large 
grant of land. He at once decided to accept the invitation. 
Accordingly, gathering up such articles as were convenient to 
carry, and with his trusty rifle, "Old Cheelicker," on his shoul- 
der, his chattels, and a portion of his family on pack-horses, he 
started on his journey to the new land of promise. All his family 
subsequently followed him, except his two daughters, Lavinia 
and Rebecca, who, as previously stated, lived and died in Ken- 
tucky. His son Jesse remained in the Kenhawa Valley, where 
he had married, until 1819, when he too came to Missouri, 

For several j'-ears after Colonel Boone's removal. Upper Louisi- 
ana remained under Spanish rule, and the promise of the Lieuten- 
ant-Governor was faithfully fulfilled. On the 24th of January, 
1798, he received a concession of 1,000 arpents of land, situated 
inf emme Osage District. He afterward made an agreement with 


the Spanish authorities to bring one hundred families from Ken- 
tucky and Virginia to Upper Louisiana, for which lie was to re 
ceive 10,000 arpents of land. The agreement was fulfilled on 
both sides ; but in order to confirm his title to this grant, it was 
necessary to obtain the signature of the direct representative of 
the crown, who resided in Ne<v Orleans. Colonel Boone neglect- 
ed this requirement, and his title was declared invalid when the 
country came into the possession of the United States. 

His title to the first grant of 1,000 arpents was also declared in- 
valid, but was subsequently confirmed b}'^ special act of Congress. 
Both the Spanish and American governments required actual set- 
tlement of lands granted in the ordinary way, to confirm the titL ; 
but in 1800 Boone received the appointment of Commandant of 
Femme Osage District, and was informed by Don Charles D. 
Delassus, who had succeeded Don Zenon Trudeau as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor, that as his duties as Cojamandant woald require 
a considerable portion of his time, the Spanish government 
would dispense with his actual settlement of the laad ia order 
to confirm his title. Relying upon this promise, he neglected 
to have the proper entries made upon the records, and when 
the United States government purchased Upper Louisiana there 
was nothing to show that Boone had fulfilled the requirements,, 
and his claim was declared invalid. 

He subsequently petitioned Congress to have his title confirm- 
ed, and the petition was granted. The following is a copy of his 
petition, with the rejjort of the committee to whom it was re- 
ferred, as given in the American iHtate Papers, vol. 2, page 10: 

To the Senate and Representatives of the United States in Congress assem- 
bled. The petition of Daniel Boone, at present an inhabitant of the terri- 
tory of Loui-iiana, respectfully sfioweth : 

That, your petitioner has spent a long life in exploring the wilds 
of north America ; and has, by his own personal exertions, been 
greatly instrumental in opening the road to civilization in the im- 
mense territories now attached to the United States, and, in some 
instahces, matured into independent States. 

An ardent thirst for discovery, united witli a desire to benefit a 
rising family, has impelled him to encounter the numerous h: d- 
ships, privations, dilliculties, and dangers to which he has un- 
avoidably been exposed. How far his desire for discovery has 
been extended, and what consequences have resulted from his 
labors, are, at this time, unnecessary to be stated. 

But, while your ])etitioner has thus opened the way to thou- 
sands, to countries posse^sul of every natural advantage, and 


although he may have gratified his thirst for discovery, he has to 
lament that he has not derived those personal advantages which 
his exertions would seem to have merited. He has secured but a 
scanty portion of that immeasurable territory over which his dis- 
coveries have extended, and his famil}' have reason to regret that 
their interest had not been more the great object of his discov- 

Your petitioner has nothing to demand from the justice of his 
country, but he respectfully suggests, that it might be deemed an 
act of grateful benevolence, if his country, amidst their bounties, 
would so far gratify his last wish, as to grant him some reasona- 
ble portion of land within the territory of Louisiana. 

He is the more induced to this request, as the favorite pittance 
of soil to which he considered he had acquired a title under 
the Spanish government, has been wrested from him by a con- 
struction of the existing laws not in his contemplation, and be- 
yond his foresight. Your petitioner is not disposed to murmur 
or complain ; but conscious of the value and extent of his services, 
he solicits some evidence of their liberality. 

He approaches the august assemblage of his fellow-citizens with 
a confidence inspired by that spirit which has led him so often to 
the deep recesses of the wilds of America ; and he flatters himself 
that he, with his family, will be induced to acknowledge that the 
United States knows how to appreciate and encourage the efforts 
of her citizens, in enterprises of magnitude, from which proportion- 
ate public good maybe derived. 

Daniel Boone. 

The following is the report of the committee to which the peti- 
tion was referred, as presented to the Senate, January' 12, 1810: 

That, at a period antecedent to the revolutionary war, Daniel 
Boone, the petitioner, possessing an ardent desire for the explo- 
ration of the (then) Western wilderness of the United States, af- 
ter traversing a length of mountainous and uninhabited country, 
discovered, and, with a few bold and enterprising fellows, estab- 
lished, vith a perilous hardihood, the first settlement of civilized 
population in the (now) State of Kentucky. That, in maintain- 
ing the possession of that country until the peace of 1783, he ex- 
perienced all the vicissitudes of a war with enemies the most dar- 
ing, insidious, and cruel, and which were aided by Canadians 
from the British provinces of Upper Canada ; and that during that 
contest he lost several children by the hands of the savages. 

That it appears to the committee, that although the petitioner 
was not officially emx>loyed by the government of the United States, 
yet that he was actually engaged against their enemies, through 
the whole of Ih3 war of the revolution. 

That in the exploring, settling, and defending of that country, 
lie eminently contributed to the early march of the American 


Western population, and which has redounded to the benefit of 
the United States. That your petitioner is old, infirm, and, 
though dependent on agriculture, by adverse and unpropitious 
circumstances, possesses not one acre of that immeasurable terri- 
tory which he so well defended, after having been the pioneer of 
its settlement. The petitioner disclaiming all idea of a demand 
upon the justice of his country, yet requests, as a grateful benev- 
olence, that Congress would grant him some reasonable portion 
of land in the territory of Louisiana. Tlie committee, upon the 
whole circumstance of the merit and situation of the petitioner, 
beg leave to report the bill without amendment. 

Notwithstanding this favorable report, and the justice of the 
petition, the Board of Land Commissioners reported adversely to 
the grant, and it was not until three years after (December 
24, 1813,) that Boone was confirmed in his title to the 1,000 
arpents of land conceded to him by the Spanish government. 

The territory of Louisiana was at that time overrun with 
greedy land speculators, who would resort to perjury, forgery, 
and even murder, to obtain their object ; and it was very essen- 
tial that the Land Commissioners should be careful in grant- 
ing titles. Hence the difficulty Boone encountered in securing 
meager justice. 

In every community there were drunken, worthless fellows who 
acted as standing witnesses for these speculators, and would sign 
any paper, or swear to any statement that was require;d of them. 
One of these characters, Simon Toiton, by name, gave the follow- 
ing evidence in a case tried at Kaskaskia, in August, 1807: 

"I, Simon Toiton, being in my sober senses, having taken no 
drink, and after mature reflection, having been apprised thdt I 
had given a great number of depositions relating to land titles, as 
well those derived from donations as from improvements ; that, 
by means of those depositions, great quantities of lands have 
been confirmed to different persons in whose favor I have given> 
these depositions; I do consequently declare, as I. have already 
declared to several persons, that I am ignorant of the number I 
may have given, since I was drunk when I gave them, a failing to 
which I am unfortunately addicted ; and that, when I am in that 
state, any one, by complying with my demands, may do what 
they please with me If this work had been proposed to me 
when in my senses — [Here something has been omitted.] I de- 
clare that i recollect that, on the last day of November, 180G, I 
was sent for; before setting out, I drank a quart of liquor; and 
that there might ])e no want of it, I took it again on my arrival ; 
before beginning the certificates, I took another quart, and this 


continued until midnight nearly. I recollect at that time to have 
given twenty-two or twenty-three depositions ; that is to say, I 
copied them from models, to which I made them conform ; ob- 
serving to those persons that what I did could be of no validity. 
They told me not to mind that, that it would be of service to 
those for whom I gave them ; and that I aught not to fear any- 
thing, or make myself uneasy. I declare solemnly that all these 
last depositions are false, as well as those I had given previously 
to that time, no matter in whose favor I may have given them ; 
because, to my knowledge, I have never given any except when I 
was in liquor, and not in my sober senses. I furthermore declare 
that I am not acquainted with any improvements in this country." 

Is it any wonder, in view of the above, that it was hard for the 
gallant old pioneer to secure a title to a small portion of the lands 
which he justly owned, or that he lost the greater portion of those 
which had been granted him by the liberality of the Spanish gov- 
ernment? More than one-half of the applications for titles to 
lands, made at that period, were rejected ; and against the names 
of most of the disappointed applicants the significant words, "For- 
gery," "Perjury," etc., are written in the records of the land 
•office at Washington. Among the names are some that stood 
high in public affairs, and have come down to posterity as disin- 
terested patriots and honest pioneers. 

Colonel Boone and his family were the first Americans that set- 
tled within the present limits of the State of Missouri. The French 
had established trading posts at several points, and had formed a 
village of four or five hundred inhabitants at St. Louis, but there 
■were no regular settlements beyond these. 

Louisiana was discovered, settled and held in possession by 
the French until 1762, when, by a secret treaty, it was transferred 
to Spain. The few inhabitants at the different trading posts 
knew nothing of this treaty for several years afterward, and when 
it became known it was a source of great sorrow to them. But 
the new rule was so mild that they soon ceased to regard it as a 

It was the policy of the Spanish authorities to encourage emi- 
gration from the United States. Fears were entertained of an in- 
vasion of the country by the British and Indians from Canada, 
and the American people, being regarded as the natural adversa- 
ries of the British, it was supposed they would readily fight to re- 
pel an invasion. In 1781 St. Louis was attacked by a small army 
of British and Indians, as a retaliation for the part the king of 


Spain had taken in favor of the independence of the United States. 
Fifteen hundred Indians, and a small party of British soldiers, con- 
stituted the invading force, which came down tlie Mississippi. In 
the battle that ensued, more than sixty of the inhabitants were kill- 
ed, and about thirty taken prisoners. At this crisis. Gen. George R. 
Clark, who was at Kaskaskia with several hundred men, besides the 
Illinois militia, appeared on the opposite side of the river. The 
British immediately raised the siege and retreated, and the In- 
dians, declaring that they had no hostile intentions against the 
Spanish government, but had been deceived by the British, dis- 
persed to their villages. 

This event caused the Spanish authorities to increase their ef- 
forts for the encouragement of American immigration, and the 
most liberal offers were made and disseminated throughout the 
Western settlements. The result was that the American popula- 
tion increased rapidly, and when the country was transferred to 
the United States in 1804 more than three-fifths of the population 
were Americans. 

During the Spanish administration, no religious sect was tolerat- 
ed except the Roman Catholic. Each emigrant was required to 
be a Catholic, but this requirement was evaded by a pious fiction 
in the examination of the Americans ; and Protestant families of 
all denominations settled in the province, obtained land grants, 
and were undisturbed in their religious beliefs. Protestant 
ministers came over from Illinois and preached in the cabins of 
the settlers, unmolested by the Spanish officers ; although, for the 
sake of keeping up a show of authority, they were occasionally 
threatened with imprisonment in the calabozo at St, Louis, 

The late Reverend John Clark, a devoutly pious, but rather 
eccentric preacher, whose residence was in Illinois, made monthly 
excursions to the Spanish territory, and preached in the houses 
of the religious emigrants. He was a man of great sim- 
plicity of character, and much respected and beloved by all who 
knew him, amongst whom was ]\I. Trudcau, the gentlemanh' 
Commandant at St. Louis.- M, Trudeau would delay till 
he knew Mr, Clark's tour for that occasion was nearly finish- 
ed, and then send a threatening message, that if Monsieur Clark 
did not leave the Spanish country in three days, he would put 
him in prison. This was repeated so often, as to furnish a pleas- 
ant joke with the preacher and his friends. 

During these times, Mr. Abraham Musick, who was a Baptist. 


and well acquainted with the Commandant, and who likewise 
knew his religious principles, presented a petition for leave to 
hold meetings at his house, and for permission for Mr. Clark to 
preach there. The Commandant, inclined to favor the American 
settlers secretly, yet compelled to reject all such petitions official- 
ly, replied promptly that such a petition could not be granted. 
It was in violation of the laws of the country. " I mean," said 
the accomodating officer, "you must not put a bell on your 
house, and call it a church, nor suffer any person to christen your 
children but the parish priest. But if any of your friends choose 
to meet at your house, sing, pray, and talk about religion, you 
will not be molested, provided you continue, as I suppose you 
are, un bon Catholique." He well knew, that, as Baptists, they 
could dispense with the rite of infant baptism, and that plain, 
fi'ontier people, as they were, could find the way to their meetings 
without the sound of the " church-going bell." 

As early as the year 1800, the population of Femme Osage 
District had increased so much that some sort of. a local govern- 
ment was required, and on the 11th of June of that year Colonel 
Boone was appointed Commandant of the District. The powers 
of his office were both civil and military, and were almost abso- 
lute, if he had possessed either the means or the desire to make 
them so. His decision of all questions was final, except those in 
regard to land titles, which could only be decided by the crown 
or its direct representative. 

But few crimes or misdemeanors were committed, and then 
summary justice was dealt out to the offender. Whipping on the 
bare back was generally the punishment, and so just and equita- 
ble were Boone's sentences that the most abandoned characters 
never thought of raising objections to them or harboring resent- 
ment afterward. 

In 1801 the territory of Upper Louisiana was qeded back to 
France by Spain, and in 1803 the country was purchased from 
France by the United States. During that interval the French 
did not again assume the government of the province, but the. 
Spanish laws remained in force. The formal transfer of the coun- 
try to the United States was made in March, 1804, and one year 
later the territory of Louisiana was regularly organized by act of 
Congress. As a temporary arrangement, th6 Spanish laws re-^ 
mained in force for a short time, and Colonel Boone continued to 
exercise the authority of his office. In fact, during the remainder 


of his life he had more to do with tlie government of his settle- 
ment than the laws, or the officers elected and appointed under 
them. The people had such unbounded confidence in his wisdom 
and justice that they preferred to submit their disputed questions 
to his arbitration, rather than to the uncertain issues of law. 

During the first few years of their residence in Upper Louisiana, 
Colonel Boone and his wife lived with their son, Daniel .M., who 
had built a house in Darst's Bottom, adjoining the tract of 1,000 
arpents of land granted to his father by the Spanish government. 
This entire tract, with the exception of 181 acres, was sold l)y 
Daniel M. Boone, who had charge of his father's business, to pay 
the old Colonel's debts in Kentucky, of which he had left quite a 
number upon his removal to the Spanish dominions, and although 
his creditors never would have made any demands upon him, yet 
he could not rest easy until they were paid. All his earnings, 
which he derived from peltries obtained in his hunting excursions. 
were carefully saved, and at length having made a. successful hunt 
and obtained a valuable supply of peltry, he turned it all into 
cash, and visited Kentucky for the purpose of paying his debt?. 
He had kept no book accounts, and knew not how much he owed, 
nor to whom he was indebted, but, in the honest simplicity. of his 
nature, he went to all with whom he had had dealings, and paid 
whatever was demanded. When he returned to his family he had 
half a dollar left. " But," said he to his family and a .circle of 
friends who had called to see him, "now I am ready and willing to 
die. I have paid all my debts, and nobody can say, when I am 
gone, 'Boone was a dishonest man.' " 

There is only one deed on the records in St. Charles signed by 
Daniel Boone, and that is for 181 acres of land (being a portion 
of the 1,000 arpents) sold to Wm. Coshow, August G, 1815, for 
$315, The witnesses were D. M. Boone and John B. Callaway. 

Colonel Boone and his son laid off a town on the Missouri river, 
and called it Missouriton, in honor of the then territory of Mis- 
souri. They built a horse mill there, which was a great thing for 
those early days, and for a while the town flourished and prom- 
ised well. At one time an effort was made to locate the capital of 
the territory there, but it failed, and the town soon decUned. 
The place where it stood has since been washed away by the riv- 
er, and no trace of it now remains. There is still a post-office in 
the neighborhood, called Missouriton, but the town no longer 


The settlers did not experience much trouble with the Indians 
until after the commencement of the war of 1812, and the settle- 
ments rapidly extended over a portion of the present counties of 
St. Charles, Lincoln, Warren, Montgomery, and Callaway ; and 
in 1808, a settlement was formed in (now) Howard county, near 
the salt springs, called Boone's Lick. 

Salt was very scarce among the first settlers, and it was so ex- 
pensive that but little was used. It had to be transported 
on horseback from Kentucky, or shipped in keel-boats and barges 
from New Orleans up the Mississippi river to St. Louis, from 
whence it was distributed through the settlements by traders, who 
charged enormous profits. 

Sometime early in the commencement of the present century. 
Colonel Boone, while on a hunting expedition, discovered the salt 
springs in Howard county; and during the summer of 1807 his 
sons, Daniel M. and Nathan, with Messrs. Baldridge and Manly, 
transported kettles there and made salt, which, they floated down 
the river that fall in canoes made of hollow sycamore logs, daubed 
at the ends with clay. 

The making of salt at these springs subsequently became a 
regular and paying business, and, assisted by the tide of immigra- 
tion that began to flow there, led to the opening of the Booneslick 
road, which for years afterward was the great thoroughfare of 
Western emigration. 

The remaining incidents of Colonel Boone's life, of interest to 
the public, are so closely connected with the events of the Indian 
war of 1812-15, that we cannot give them without going into a 
histoiy of those times, and as that would interfere with the ar- 
rangement of this work, we must now bring this sketch to a 

On the 18th of March, 1813, Colonel Boone experienced the 
saddest atttictioii of his life, in the death of his aged and beloved 
wife. She had been the companion of his toils, dangers, sorrows 
and pleasures for more than half a century, participating in the 
same generous and heroic nature as himself. He loved her devo- 
tedly, and their long and intimate association had so closely knit- 
ted their hearts together that he seemed hardly able to exist with- 
out her, and her death was to him an irrepai-able loss. 

She was buried on the summit of a beautiful knoll, in the south- 
ern part of (now) Warren county, about one mile southeast of 
the little town of Marthasville. A small stream, called Teuque 



creek, flows by the foot of this knoll, and pursues its tortuous 
course to where it empties into the Missouri river, a few miles to 
the southeast. Her grave overlooked the Missouri bottoms, 
which are here about two miles in width, and now, since the tim- 
ber has been cleared away, a fine view of the river can be ob- 
tained from that spot. 

Soon after the death of his wife, the old pioneer marked a 
place by her side for his own grave, and had a coffin made of 
black walnut for himself. He kept this coffin under his bed for 

several years, and would 
^ often draw it out and lie 
down in it, "just to see how 
it would fit." But finally a 
stranger died in the com- 
munity, and the old man,, 
governed by the same liberal 
■motives that had been hi& 
-guide through life, gave his 
coffin to the stranger. He 
afterward had another made 
of cherry, which was also 
placed under his bed, and remained there until it received his 
body for burial. 

The closing years of his life were devoted to the society of 
his neighbors, and his children and grandchildren, of whom he 
was very fond. After the death of his wife, wishing to be near 
her grave, he removed from his son Nathan's, on Femme 
Osage creek, where they had lived for several yeai's previously,, 
and made his home with his eldest daughter, Mrs. Flanders Calla^ 
way, who lived with her husband and family on Teuque creek,, 
near the place where Mrs. Boone was buried. Flanders Callaway 
removed from Kentucky to Missouri shortly before the purchase 
of the territory by the United States, and received a grant of 
land from the Spanish government. 

Frequent visits were made by the old pioneer to the homes of 
his other children, and his coming was always made the occasion 
of an ovation to "grandfather Boone," as he was affectionately 
called. Wherever he was, his time was always employed at some 
useful occupation. He made powder-horns for his grandchildren 
and neighbors, carving and ornamenting many of them with 



much taste. He repaired rilles, and performed various descrip- 
tions of iiandicraft witli neatness and finisli. 

Twice a year he would malie an excursion to some remote 
hunting ground, accompanied by a negro boy, wlio attended to 
the camp, sliinned and cleaned the game, and took care of his 
aged master. While on one of these expeditions, the Osage 
Indians attempted to rob him, but they met with such prompt and 
determined resistance from Boone and his negro boy, that they 
fled in haste, and molested them no more. 

One winter he went on a hunting and trapping exeursior. up the 
Grand river, a stream that rises in the southern part of Iowa and 
empties into the Missouri river between Carroll and Kay counties. 
lie was alone this time. He paddled his canoe up the Missouri 
and then up the Grand river, until he found a retired place for 
his camp in a cave among the bluffs. He then proceeded to make 
the necessary preparations for trapping beaver, after which he 
laid in his winter's supi)ly of venison, turkey, and bear's meat. 

E.ach morning he visited his traps to secure his prey, i-eturn- 
ing to his camp in such a manner as to avoid discovery by 
any prowling bands of Indians that might be in the vicinity. 
But one morning he had the mortification to discover a large en- 
fampment of Indians near his traps, engaged in hunting. He re- 
treated to his camp and remained there all da}', and fortunately 
that night a deep snow fell and securely covered his traps. He 
fontinucd in his camp for twenty days, until the Indians depart- 
ed ; and during that time he had no fire except in the middle of 
the night, when he cooked his food. He was afraid to kindle a 
fire at auy other time, lest the smoke or light should discover his 
hiding i)lacc to the savages. When the snow melted away, the 
Indians departed, and left him to himself. 

On another occasion he took pack-horses and went to the coun- 
try on the Osage river, accompanied b}' his negro boy. Soon 
after he had prepared his camp he was taken sick, and lay for a 
long time in a dangerous condition. The weatiier was stormy 
and disagreeable, which had a depressing effect both ujjon the old 
Colonel and his servant boy. Finally the weather cleared up, 
and there came a pleasant and delightful day. Boone felt that it 
would do him good to walk out, and, with the assistance of his 
staff and the bo}', he made his way to the summit of a small emi- 
nence. Here he marked out the ground in the shai)e and size of 
a grave, and told the boy that in case he should die he wanted to 


be buried there, at the same time giving full instructions as to 
the manner of his l)urial. lie directed the boy, in case of liis 
death, to wash and lay his body straight, wrai)i)ed in one of the 
cleanest blankets. He was then to construct a kind of shovel, 
and with that instrument and the hatchet, to dig a grave, exactly 
as he had marked out. Then he was to drag the bodj'^ to the 
spot and push it in the grave, after which he was to cover it, 
placing posts at the head and foot. Poles were to be placed 
tiround and over the surface, to prevent the grave from being 
•opened by wild beasts ; the trees were to be marked, so the place 
could be found hy his friends, and then the boy was to get the 
horses, pack up the skins, guns, camp utensils, etc., and re- 
turn home, where he was to deliver certain messages to the family. 
All these instructions were given with entire calmness, as if he 
were directing his ordinary business affairs. 

In December, 1818, Boone was visited by the historian. Rev. 
John M. Peck, who was deeply and favorably impressed by the 
venerable appearance of the aged pioneer. Mr. Peck had written 
his biography, and expected to obtain some additional notes from 
him, but w&s so overcome by veneration and wonder, that he 
asked only a few questions. If he had carried out his first inten- 
tion he would no doubt have given us a perfectly correct account 
of the life of this remarkable man, but as it was, a number of mis- 
takes crept into his work, and many events of interest that occur- 
red during the last few years of Boone's life were lost forever. 

In the latter part of the summer of 1820, Boone had a severe 
attack of fever, at his homeat Flanders Callaway's. But he re- 
covered sufficiently to make a visit to the house of his son. Major 
Nathan Boone, on Femme Osage creek. The children had heard 
of his sickness, and were delighted to see grandfather again, and 
everything was done that could be to make him comfortable. 
For a few days he was happy in their society, and by his genial 
disposition and pleasant manners diffused joy and gladness 
throughout the entire household. 

One day a nice dish of sweet potatoes — a vegetable of which he 
was very fond — was prepared for him. He ate heartily, and soon 
after had an attack from which he never recovered. He grad- 
ually sank, and, after three days' illness, expired, on the 26th of 
September, 1820, in the SGth year of his age. 

He died calmly and peacefully, having no fear of death or the 
future state of existence. He had never made any profession of 



religion, or united with any church, but his entire life was a l>eau- 
tiful example of the Golden Rule — " do unto others as yon would 
that they should do unto you." In a letter to one of his sisters, 
written a short time before his death, he said that he had alwaj-s 
tried to live as an honest and conscientious man should, and was 
perfectly willing to surrender his soul to the discretion of a 
just God. His mind was not such as could lean upon simple 
faith or mere belief, but it required a well considered reason for 
everj'thing, and he died the death of a philosopher rather than that 
of a Christian. His death was like the sleep of an infant — quiet, 
peaceful and serene. 

t'«RRI5 £ CC. tun. CI LUlUS, 

(Tlie ilrst stone (Iwelling-house erected in JlissDuri.) 

We present on this page a picture of the house in which Daniel 
lioone died. At the time of his death he occupied the front room 
on the first floor, to the right of the hall as you enter. 

It has been stated in many of his "lives" that he died at a deer 
"lick," with his gun in his hands, watching for deer. In others, 
that he died, as he had lived, in a log cabin. But on the contra- 
ry, the house was, and is — for it is still standing, just as repre- 
sented in the picture — a neat, substantial, and comfortable stone 


The remains of the departed pioneer were sorrowfully placed in 
the coffin he had prepared, and conveyed, the next day, to the 
home of Mr. Flanders Callaway. The news of his decease had 
spread rapidly, and a vast concourse of people collected on the 
day of the funeral to pay their last respects to the distinguished 
and beloved dead. 

The funeral sermon was preached by Rev. James Craig, a son-in- 
law of Major Nathan Boone ; and the house being too small to ac- 
commodate the immense concourse of people, the coffin was carried 
to the large barn near the house, into which the people crowded 
to listen to the funeral services. At their close the coffin was 
borne to the cemetery and sadly deposited in the grave that had 
been prepared for it, close by the side of Mrs. Boone. 

At the time of Boone's death the Constitutional Convention of 
Missouri was in session at St. Louis, and upon receipt of the intel- 
ligence a resolution was offered by Hon. Benjamin P^mmons, of St. 
Charles, that the members wear the usual badge of mourning for 
thirty days, in respect to the memory of the deceased, and ad- 
journ for one day. The resolution was unanimously adopted. 

The Boone family were noted for longevity. George Boone, a 
brother of Daniel, died in Shelby county, Ky., in November, 1820, 
at the age of eighty-three ; Samuel, another brother, died at the 
age of eighty-eight ; Jonathan at eighty-six ; Mr&. Wilcox, a sis- 
ter, at ninety-one ; Mrs. Grant, another sister, at eighty-four, and 
Mrs. Smith, a third sister, at eighty-four. There is no record of 
the deaths of the rest of Boone's brothers and sisters, except those 
given heretofore, but they all lived to be old men and women. 

AVhen Colonel Boone made choice of a place of burial for him- 
self and famil3% and was so particular to enjoin his friends, if he 
died from home, to remove his remains to the hill near Teuque, 
he did not anticipate an event which occurred a quarter of a cen- 
tury after his death, and which resulted in the remains of himself 
and wife finding their last resting place on the banks of the Ken- 
tucky river, in the land he loved so well. 

The citizens of Frankfort had prepared a tasteful rural ceme- 
tery, and, at a public meeting, decided that the most appropriate 
consecration of the ground would be the removal of the remains 
of Daniel Boone and his wife. The consent of the surviving rel- 
atives was obtained, and in the summer of 1845, a deputation of 
citizens, consisting of Hon. John J. Crittenden, Mr. William 
Boone and Mr. Swaggat, came to jNIissouri on the steamer Daniel 


Boone, for the purpose of exhuming the relies and conveying- 
them back to Kentucky. 

The graves were situated on land belonging to Mr. Harvey 
Griswold, who at first objected to the removal, as he intended to 
build a monument over thi^m, and beautify the place. Mr. Gris- 
wold was supported in his objections by a number of influential 
citizens, who claimed that Missouri had as much right to the 
remains of Daniel Boone as Kentucky, especially as the old 
pioneer had selected the location of his grave, and had gixexi 
such particular instructions in regard to his being buried there. 

The gentlemen from Kentucky finally carried their point, how- 
ever, and on the 17th of July, 1845, the remains of Daniel Boone- 
and his wife were removed from their graves. The work was 
done by King Bryan, Henry Angbert and Jeff. Callaway, col- 
ored. Mrs. Boone's coffin was found to be perfectly sound, and 
the workmen had but little difficulty in removing it ; but Colonel 
Boone's coffin was entirely decayed, and the remains had to b& 
picked out of the dirt by which they were surrounded. One or 
two of the smaller bones were found afterward, and kept by Mr. 
Griswold as relics. 

The remains were placed in new coffins prepared for their re- 
ception, and conveyed to Kentucky, where they were re-interred, 
with appropriate ceremonies, in the cemetery at Frankfort, on the 
20th of August, 1845. A vast concourse of people from all parts- 
of the State had collected to witness the ceremonies. An oratiott 
was delivered by Hon. John J. Crittenden, and Mr. Joseph B.. 
Wells, of Missouri, made an appropriate address. 

The graves on the hill near Teuque creek were never refilled, 
but remain to-day as they were left by the workmen, except that 
the rains have partly filled them with dirt, and they are over- 
grown with weeds and briars. Rough head stones had been 
carved by Mr. Jonathan Bryan, and placed at the heads of the 
graves. These were thrown back on the ground, and are still 
lying there. Recently, pieces of the these stones have been, 
chipped off and sent to Kentucky as mementoes. 



One hundred years ago the territory west of the Mississippi 
river was as unknown to the civilized races of mankind as tlie 
wilds of Central Africa are to-day. p]ighty-one years ago there 
was not an American settlement west of Kentucky, and the In- 
dians of Illinois, part of Ohio, and all that vast territory lying to 
the north, west and south-west, were undisturbed in their hunting 
grounds. There were doubtless tribes in the remote West who 
had never heard of white men, or of the coming of a superior 
race that was to drive them, finally, into the Pacific Ocean. Now 
this immense continent is dotted with large cities, thriving vil- 
lages, and neat farm houses ; in every valley is heard the puffing 
of the iron horse ; and there is hardly a foot of ground that has 
not been trod, time and again, by the feet of white men. School 
houses and workshops have pushed the smoky wigwams aside, 
and leviathan steamboats plow and churn the waters over which 
the stealthy canoe once glided. There are places which we call 
old, and view with reverence as the abode of our ancestors, that 
have not yet seen a century ! We talk of antiquities, and proudly 
point out to strangers our "old landmarks," and yet there are 
men and women still living who remember when Daniel Boone 
came to — Upper Louisiana, or New Spain. St. Louis was then an 
insignificant French village — now it is the third city of the United 
States and the metropolis of the Mississippi Valley ! The Mis- 
sissippi Valley ! A continent within itself, that numbers its pop- 
ulation by millions! St, Charles was an Indian trading post, and 


the country twenty miles west of it had been visited by onl}' a 
few bold hunters. When Daniel Boone came, he went away out 
into the wilderness, among the Indians and wild animals — twenty 
miles west of St. Charles! and there he settled. When the 
grandfather of the writer arrived in St. Louis, seventy-six j'ears 
ago, the Spanish commandant would not give him a permit to 
settle near the present town of Cap-au-Gris, in Lincoln county, 
because it was too far out on the frontier, and exposed to attacks 
from the Indians ! 

No one can view the astonishing growth of this great country 
without amazement. It has sprung up as if by the conjuration 
of some might}' magician, and one who lives in this good year of 
187G can hardlj^ realize what Missouri and the West were eightj'- 
one years ago. 

In 1764 a company of French merchants settled Avhere tlic 
great city of St. Louis now stands. They had received from the 
Director-General of Louisiana an exclusive license to trade with 
the Indian nations on the Missouri, and they called their settle- 
ment, or encampment, St. Louis, in honor of their sovereign, the 
king of France. In the autumn of the previous year (1763) a 
French settlement had been established at Ste. Genevieve ; and 
as early as 1720 Fort Chartres, in Illinois, had been built by the 
French. In 1762 the territory west of the Mississippi was ceded 
to Spain, but the little band of merchants at St. Louis did not 
hear of the treaty until three years after. Communication be- 
tween the old and the new world was not so rapid then as now. 

In 1705 a party of French traders and explorers ascended the 
Missouri to the Kansas river, on the now extreme western bound- 
ary of the State of Missouri. They found the Indians friendly, 
and glad of the opportunity to trade with them. The French 
have always been very fortunate in their intercourse with the red 

For many years after its discovery, America was supposed to 
abound in gold and silver, and most of the early expeditions 
were undertaken for the purpose of seeking those precious metals. 
In 1711) the Sieur de Lochon was sent out from France, by the 
Company of the West, to seek for precious metals within the 
present limits of Missouri. lie commenced digging on the 
Meramec, and drew up a large (quantity of ore, from which he ob- 
tained, according to his account, two drachms of silver ; but his 
statement was generally disbelieved. He subsequently obtained a 


small amount of lead, and then returned to France. Other expe- 
ditions were sent out at different times, but their success was not 
gratifying. In 1719 Sieur Renault, one of the directors of 
a private company, left France with two hundred artificers and 
miners, provided with tools, and whatever else was necessary for 
carrying the object of the company into effect. In his passage he 
touched at the island of St. Domingo, and purchased five hundred 
slaves to work in the mines. Entering the Mississippi, he pur- 
sued his voyage up that river to New Orleans, which he reached 
some time in 1720, and soon afterward proceeded on his wa3' to 
Kaskaskia, in Illinois. Establishing himself near that place, he 
sent out mining and exploring expeditions into different parts of 
Illinois and Louisiana. These parties were headed cither by 
himself or M, La Motte, an agent, who was well versed in the 
knowledge of minerals, and whom he had brought with him from 
France. In one of these expeditions, La Motte discovered the 
lead mines in St. Francois, which still bear his name ; and 
Renault discovered the extensive mines north of Potosi, which 
are still called after the discoverer. Numerous other mines were 
discovered and extensively worked, and the remains of their 
antique works, overgrown with brush and trees, are still to be 
found. The lead was conveyed from tl«e interior on pack-horses, 
and sent to New Orleans, from whence it was shipped to France: 
The war between France and Spain, which commenced in 1719, 
extended to the territory of Louisiana, and agents of the rival 
governments were constantly at work among the Indians, each 
endeavoring to stir up their animosity against the other. Some 
time between 1720 and 1724, the French sent an expedition up 
the Missouri river, which landed on an island a considerable dis- 
tance above the mouth of the Osage. Here a fort was built, 
which they called Fort Orleans. On the arrival of this force, the 
different tribes of Indians in the vicinity were engaged in a 
bloody war, which greatly diminished the trade and rendered 
intercourse with them extremely hazardous. The French, there- 
fore, desired to bring about a general peace, and commenced 
negotiations for that purpose. Their efforts 'were crowned with 
the desired success in 1724. Soon after this event, however, 
Fort Orleans was attacked and totally destroyed, and all the gar- 
rison massacred. It was never known by whom this bloody work 
was done. 

The French now began to ex[)erience trouble with the Indians, 

'j8 PIONEEK families of MISSOURI 

and for sixteen years a desultory warfare was kept up. Renault, 
however, remained in the colony, and continued to work the lead 
mines until 1742, when he returned to France. 

Four years after the treaty of 1762, Spain made an attempt to 
take possession of her newly acquired territory, but there was so 
much opposition on the part of the inhabitants, that the Spanish 
Governor and his troops were compellied to abandon their design 
and return to Havana. The government continued to be admin- 
istered in the name of the French King until 1769, when it was 
peaceably transferred to the Spanish government, the people hav- 
ing become reconciled to the change, from a conviction that it 
was inevitable. Louisiana was re-ceded to France in 1800, and 
three years afterward it was ceded by France to the United States. 
Its substantial growth may be dated from that period. The be- 
neficent laws and institutions of our republic, united with an un- 
surpassed climate, a soil exhaustless in its fertility, and a i^eople 
distinguished for their intelligence and enterprise, could not fail 
to produce a great and prosperous country. Its progress, how- 
ever, has been more rapid than the wildest enthusiast could have 
imagined, and, though less than a century old, our institutions 
rank with those of the oldest and most progressive nations of the 
world. Having accomplished so much in two-thirds of the first 
century of our existence, what may we not hope and expect of 
the century which is to follow? 


The first American settlements within the present limits 
of the State of Missouri, were made in 1795, on Femme 
Osage creek, in what is now St. Charles county. From 
that time they rapidly extended in all directions, except during a 
period of three years, while the Indian war lasted, when every- 
thinor remained at a stand-still. The first American settlements 
in the present counties of Warren, Montgomery, and Callaway 
were made from 1800 to 1815. 

When Daniel Boone came to Missouri (which was then called 
Upper Louisiana or New Spain), in 1795, there was a French vil- 
lage and Indian trading post at St. Charles, at that time the most 


remote settlement of white people on the continent of North Amer- 
ica. The place was then called Les Petite Cotes (little hills), 
which was afterward changed to Village des Cotes (the village of 
the hills), which names were applied to it on account of its beau- 
tiful, elevated location. When the Anjericans began to settle 
there and in th€ vicinity, they found the name hard to pronounce 
and understand, and it was changed to St. Charles, but by whom 
or when is not positively known. 

The foundation of this town is shrouded in some degree of mys- 
tery, as well as romance. Widely different dates are given as to 
its first settlement, by equally reliable authorities, and the exact 
date will probably never be known. Several authorities give 1780 
as the year of its settlement ; others 1762 ; others again place it at 
1766 and 1769. One of the two latter dates is doubtless correct, 
and we incline to the belief that 1766 is the one. This belief is 
strengthened by a dim tradition among old citizens of that vicini- 
ty, that 1766 was the year in which the village was founded. In 
this connection we give the following highly colored and very im- 
probable romance, from "Hopewell's Legends of the Missouri and 
Mississippi," stating in advance, however, that we put no reli- 
ance in it, from the fact that it is written in the dime novel style. 
and is full of improbabilities and absurdities from first to last. 
IJut it will doubtless interest some of the readers of this unpreten- 
tious book, and we therefore present it as we found it. Here fol- 
the romance : 

In the year 1765, a daring Frenchman, called Blanchette Chas- 
seur, animated by that love of adventure which characterizes all 
who have lived a roving and restless life, ascended the Missouri, 
with a few followers, for the purpose of forming a settlement in 
the then remote wilderness. 

He was one of those who encountered perils dhd endured, pri- 
vations, not from necessity, but from choice ; for he had been born- 
to affluence, and had every indulgence consistent with wealth and 
station, but from a boy had spurned, with Spartan prejudice, 
every effeminate trait, and had accomplished himself in ever}' 
hardy and manly exercise. When he had attained his majority, 
he sailed for America, then the El Dorado of all the visionary, 
roving and restless spirits of the age. He loved the Indian and 
the wilderness, and after a sojourn in the wilds for some months, 
the attractions of La Belle France were forgotten, and Blanchette 
Chasseur became the leader of the hardy pioneers of civilization 
at that early period. So assimilated had he become to the scenes 
in which he lived and mingled, that he forgot his caste.^ and con- 


descended to mingle his noble blood with that of the aborigines 
of the country, by taking as partners of his itinerant wigwams 
young squaws of the tribes which were in the vicinity of his wan- 

At the period which we have mentioned, Blanchette Chasseur 
had but three followers — two Canadian hunters, and a half-breed 
Indian. It was near sunset one afternoon in October, when they 
rowed up the swift-running current of the muddy Missouri, The 
vast forests skirting the river had that rich golden hue found only 
in America, and the tops of the trees, flooded with the dazzling 
glory of the sunbeams, looked gorgeous beyond description. 
There were several small hills at a little distance, and from one 
of these they saw the smoke ascending from a camp-fire. 

Blanchette Chasseur, feeling confident that he was in the vicini- 
ty of a party of Indians, with that fearlessness and curiosity which 
made up, so largely, a portion of his character, determined to see 
and learn, if possible, their business in the neighborhood and to 
what tribe they belonged. He landed his little boat where some 
bushes grew thick upon the banks, and, armed with his rifle, pro- 
ceeded alone toward the encampment. When he was within a 
hundred yards of the camp-fire, seeing that he was discovered by 
the Indians, he stopped in his course, and taking a soiled piece 
of cloth from his pocket, tied it to the end of his gun, and waved 
it in token of friendly intentions. 

At this signal of friendship from Blanchette Chasseur, an old 
Indian, of low stature but herculean build, came towards him. 
He was followed by a band of warriors, who as well as he, were 
begrimed with paint ; but the old Indian, from his rich display 
of beads and the plumage of birds, together with the deference 
paid to him by the band, was evidently the chief. The whole 
party had been on the war-path, for several fresh scalps dangled 
from the belts of some of the warriors ; and the cincture of the 
old chief, through its whole circumference, was frizzled with the 
hair of the enemies subdued in man}' conflicts, but was totally un- 
like the fabled girdle. of the Paphian goddess, which gave to its 
possessor transcendent loveliness — for the old chief was as hid- 
eous in his features as the veiled prophet of Korassan. 

Blanchette Chasseur, with his ever-glowing courage, felt some 
slight chilling sensations glide through his frame, as he looked 
upon such a number of war-like Indians, besmeared with paint, 
with their reeking trophies of savage prowess. Nevertheless, he 
addressed them in an Indian tongue with which he was familiar, tell- 
ing them he was a white man ascending the Missouri, and that 
he loved the Indian. The old chief gazed upon him with a full, 
attentive smile, and mollifying somewhat his rugged features, told 
him he was welcome, and to call his followers, whom Blanchette 
had left with the canoe. 


The half-breed Indian, from the departure of Blanchette, had 
commenced to show symptoms of alarm, and when he saw the 
painted warriors, with their bows and arrows, their tomahawks 
and scalp-locks, some of which were still gory, his philosophy for- 
sook him, and, darting from the canoe, and with almost the fleet- 
ness of a deer, endeavored to place as much distance as possible 
between himself and the supposed enemies. The old chief told 
his warriors to give chase, and capture without injuring him. 
With a yell that rang loud and echoing through the solitude, the 
fleet-footed warriors started after the fugitive, and, in a short 
time, the poor half-breed, more dead than alive, was brought to 
the encampment. His swarthy face looked pale with excessive 
fright ; he kept one hand upon the crown of his head, as if he ex- 
pected every moment that an attack would be made upon his scalp, 
and made such horrible grimaces, that the old chief shook with 
excess of laughter. Blanchette Chasseur, pitying his follower — 
who, though a coward, was faithful — calmed his fright by telling 
him that his scalp was as safe upon his head as the crown upon 
the imperial monarch of France. 

All excitement being allayed, the old chief and warriors, and 
Blanchette Chasseur and followers, then sat, side by side, at a 
large fire, and smoked the pipe of peace — an essential proceeding 
among the Indians, as significant of friendship. Blanchette Chas- 
seur then told one of his men to go to the boat, and bring, from 
beneath a seat, a jug well filled with the fluid which causes the 
tongue to rattle, the heart to expand, and the reason to sleep. 

At the sight of the jug, the old chief rose quickly to his feet, 
seized it in his large hands, extracted the cork in a twinkling — 
and placed his nose to the aperture. He then gave vent to the 
most extravagant rapture. He cut a caper in the air that would 
have been creditable to an equestrian clown, embraced Blanchette 
Chasseur with the ardor of a newly accepted lover; and, spread- 
ing wide his short legs, so as to have a secure base, placed the 
large jug to his lips, and took a long suck of its contents. He 
then took a little pewter mug, that Blanchette Chasseur had in his 
hands, and dealt a sparing allowance to the warriors, and, after 
serving all with thq diligence, if not the grace of a Ganymede, he 
threw aside the cup, and, again fortifying himself like a Colossus 
of Rhodes, he drank long and deeply ; then drawing a long breath, 
he said, turning to Blanchette, " &est bon; fen ai assez," (it is 
good ; I have enough.) 

Both Blanchette Chasseur and the old chief had a good supply 
of dried provisions, and all were soon in the humor to do justice 
to a supper. During the repast, the desirable jug was several 
times called upon to contribute freely, and such was the potency 
of its power over the usually cold stoicism of the savages, that, 
in a short time, they commenced to laugh and boast of their re- 


cent exploits, and became on the most familiar terms with their 
new friends. 

The old chief, seeing everything on the most friendly footing, 
with his stomach overflowing with whisky and dried beef, became 
Tery garrulous and familiar. Blanchette manifesting some sur- 
prise at his readiness in speaking the French language, he told 
iiim, if he were not too sleepy, he would relate to him some of 
the stirring incidents of an eventful life. 

Blanchette signifying a wish to hear the narrative, the old war- 
rior thus began : 


" My good friend, the first thing I have to tell you is, that I 
Jim a Frenchman, and not an Indian. I was born near Marseilles, 
in the southern part of France, of poor, but respectable parents, 
who died within three months of each other, when I had attained 
eleven years of age. My mother died last, and a few hours be- 
fore her death, with a feeble effort, she took a rosary which she 
kept constantly suspended from her neck, and hung it upon mine, 
murmuring some indistinct words. I have thought of them often 
«ince, and I know that they were blessings. After losing my 
parents my troubles commenced. It is not worth my while to 
dwell upon trivial incidents ; let it suffice to say that four months 
iifter I lost my parents, I was, by the authorities, apprenticed to a 
tanner. I was worked hard and almost starved ; and, from the 
wrongs that I had continually heaped upon me, I date the change 
in my disposition, which was naturally gentle, into fierce and 
vindictive elements. I was kicked about much more than a sorry 
cur we had in the establishment, named Carlo. However, I looked 
upon Carlo as my only friend, and he loved me in return. We 
were bedfellows. Things continued in this way until I became 
seventeen years of age, at which time my mind became sufficient- 
ly developed to comprehend, to its fullest extent, the unjust treat- 
ment I received from my master, who still continued to beat me as 
usual for every trivial fault or fancied omission. My blood often 
boiled during the chastisements, and I felt ready to exterminate the 
wretch upon the spot. One evening, in a paroxysm of rage, I 
killed him. Working hours were over, and as usual I was looking 
over some books that I had gradually collected together, so as to 
improve my mind. My rosary was in my hand, and the current 
of my thoughts had floated from my book to the by-gone days, 
with which was associated the image of my mother. My master 
came in, and seeing me with the beads, snatched them from my 
hands and gave me a buff upon the cheek, saying, I was a good- 
for-nothing, lazy fellow. I entreated him to return the rosary, 
telling him it was the last gift of a deceased mother. 

"'Your mother, you vagabond?' replied he; 'who was she 
but a strumpet?' 


" Blood swam before m}- eyes — ray heart was on fiie, and the 
voices of all the devils whispered vengeance ! I sprang at his 
throat with a yell of rage, and clenched it like a vice ! When I 
released the hold he was dead, and I, Bernard Guillet, was a 

"I fled that night to Marseilles, where a vessel was just leav- 
ing for the new world. I ottered myself as a common sailor, and 
as the captain was short of hands, I was taken without any 
inquiries. We were soon out of the harbor, and I was compara- 
tively safe from pursuit. 

"After a voyage of three months, we reached the shores of 
America, and fearing that I might be pursued for the murder of 
my master, I went far into the interior of Canada, and engaged 
with a man who traded for furs with the Indians. Somehow or 
other, I became attached to the vagabond life I led. I soon 
learned to speak the tongues of several of the Indian tribes ; en- 
gaged in business on my own account ; hunted with the hunters ; 
and, took to wife one of the daughters of a chief of the Senecas. 
After thus linking myself by a new tie to the Indians, I threw off 
the few civilized habits which still clung to me, and adopted all 
the wild independence of my new relations. I still visited, how- 
ever, yearly, the trading posts of the whites, chiefly for the 
purpose of gaining powder and lead, and a good proportion of 
whisky. We were engaged in several wars with the neighboring 
tribes, and I became a distinguished warrior. In all probability, 
I had passed m^- life with the Senecas. had not my wife died in 
■childbed. I sincerely mourned her loss ; not that I can say that 
I really loved her ; but I had lived with her for seven years, and 
she was obedient to m}- slightest wisii. She had borne me four 
children, all of whom died. 

"After the death of mj' wife, I became desirous of change, and 
determined to go far into the West, and lead the life of a trapper 
and hunter. One evening, unknown to anyone, about nightfall, 
I took my tomahawk, rifle, a good supply of ammunition, and 
departed upon my long journey. I easily subsisted upon the 
proceeds of the chase, for then game was everywhere. I traveled 
through many regions, and followed the course of many rivers, 
yet always keeping towards the setting sun ; sometimes, tarrying 
in a place two or three v.eeks, so as to try effectually what it 
would yield in the way of furs and peltries. 

" On the banks of the Muskingum river, I was nearly losing 
my life. It was a warm day ; and, being somewhat fatigued and 
drowsy, about midday-, I lay beneath a large maple, which offered 
a fine shade, that I miglit take a comfortable nap. I know not 
how long I lay there ; but I felt a dead, heavy weight upon my 
breast that nearl3- mashed me. I thought I had the niglitmare, 
and tried to struggle with the witch that was riding me, when the 


effort awoke me, and I found a lar£,e red skin bestriding my bodvt 
and another commencing to bind me witli thongs. I was then 
under thirty, and as strong as a buffalo. 

" With a sudden effort, I threw the red devil who was making 
a pack-horse of me, and gaining my feet, struck the other a blow 
with my fist that made him whirl as a top. I then had time to 
draw my knife, as the Indian I had thrown from iny breast gained 
his feet. He was soon finished ; but the other had seized Nancy 
(a name I had given my rifle, in honor of my mother), and had 
it pointed, with sure aim, at my heart. Sacre Dieu ! how funny I 
felt when I was thinking of the ball that was coming through me ; 
but Nancy snapped — I don't know whether from accident or not ; 
but I have always thought that the name of my mother had some- 
thing to do with it. You may smile ; but it does me good to think 
that her spirit can now and then come near me. I killed the In- 
dian with a blow of my tomahawk, and took the scalps of them 
both. They were of the Miamis. 

" I still kept westward," said the old chief, taking another pull 
from the bottle ; " and, after some fifteen months, came to the 
banks of the Mississippi. Then I got so far from civilizatian that 
I determined to give up all idea of trading with whites, for a time, 
and to find some locality to pack furs for a few years ; by which 
time I calculated that plenty of trading posts would be established 
in those parts. I coursed along the Mississippi for a few days, 
and, seeing a large river flowing into it, I crossed over in a canoe 
I found hidden on the bank of a river, and ascended it by cours- 
ing along its banks, until I reached the neighborhood in which 
we now are. That was, as near as I can guess, about twenty or 
twenty-five years ago. Here I found plenty of deer and beaver, 
and determined to stop. So I built a little hut and commenced 
trapping beaver and muskrats. I was very successful during the 
first year, when, all of a sudden, I found that my luck had stopped. 
I soon suspicioned the cause — my traps had been robbed. I de- 
termined to find out the thief. One night I lay near one of mj" 
most successful traps, and about daylight, or a little before, I saw 
the outlines of an Indian going to the spot where my trap was. He 
had a beaver in his hand, which he had taken from one of my 
other traps. I leveled Nancy, and he fell dead. After scalping 
him, I let him lie. 

"A few days afterward, walking by the spot, I discovered 
that his body had been removed. I was much alarmed, for I 
knew the Indians had been there, and had taken away the dead 
body of their comrade. I fortified my little cabin as well as pos- 
sible, and went out but seldom. About two months afterward, I 
was surprised one morning, before sunrise, by the sound of a war- 
whoop in front of my cabin, accompanied by efforts to break open 
the door. I thought that my hour had come, but 1 determined to 


die game. I seized Nancy, put my rosary into my bosom in case 
I fell, that I might call on the Virgin for grace from the Son, and 
jumped to a loop-hole I had prepared before. There were ten 
savages, and they used no precaution, thinking that the mere 
sight of their numbei's would make me surrender. One fell dead 
at the call of Nancy, then another, and, in the space of an hour, 
a third. They then became cautious, and, surrounding my cabin 
at all points, succeeded in firing it. Tonnerre de Di w, how it 
burned! I stood it some time, and, when I was almost roasted, 
I jumped from the blazing roof. I had no chance. Directly I 
touched the ground I was overpowered and bound. 

" I felt as if my doom was sealed, for I was a captive in the 
hands of the Dakotas, who had come a long distance to take my 
scalp for killing one of their tribe — him who had robbed my traps. 
I was destined to a terrible death, and I knew it by their conver- 
sation on the journey. My skin peeled from my limbs, leaving a 
mass of raw flesh, so severely was I burned, but I was compelled 
to journey in my sufferings. After many days' travel we came to 
the chief village, and warriors, old men, women, and children, 
came to meet us. They all commenced abusing me, spitting upon 
me, and beating me. It was horrible to feel that I was all alone 
among the savages, sick and weak from the burns I had received. 
My only consolation was thinking of my mother. 

"A council of the old men and chiefs of the nation was held, 
and, as I had expected, I was doomed to the fire-death. For two 
days there were great preparations for barbecuing me ; and, 
when all was complete, I was delivered to the executioners. I 
was stripped perfectly naked, and my feet unbound. I had first 
to run a gauntlet. A row of boys and women were on each side 
of the way I had to run, and, when I started for the goal, flaming 
firebrands were thrust in my skin ; spears and arrows pierced my 
flesh, and blows from clubs came in showers upon my defenceless 
body. I gained the goal, and fainted as I gained it. 

" When I recovered consciousness, I found myself tied to a 
tree, and the Indian boys preparing to shoot at me for a target. 
The arrows stuck in my body in all directions, but did not touch 
any vital part, the object being not to kill but torture me. I tried 
by sudden efl^orts to twist my body so as to disappoint their aim, 
that I might be killed, but I was too tightly bound and had to 
suflFer. After amusing themselves until I was a mass of bleeding 
wounds, it was determined to end the scene by placing me at the 
stake. I was bound to a post around which were piles of 
resinous wood. The torch was ready to be applied, and my last 
thoughts were on meeting my mother, when an Indian woman 
rushed to the stake, and claimed me as her husband, in place of 
one she had lost. No one disputed her claim, and I was led to 
her lodge, and my rifle, and all other property that the Indians 


had brought from my hut, were restored to me. She bestowed 
every attention on me, and I slowly recovered. I was formally 
adopted by the nation and became a great favorite, doing them 
great service in their wars against the Pawnees and Chippewas. 
The chief of the tribe gave me his only daughter for a wife, and 
he dying I was made chief of the nation, and am so still." 

Blanchette Chasseur thanked the chief for his interesting his- 
tory, and after drinking each other's health from the jug, which 
effectually exhausted its contents, they lay down, and were soon 
following the example of their snoring followers. 

Next morning, Bernard Guillet, the chief of the Dakotas, 
invited Blanchette Chasseur to visit him in his remote home, say- 
ing that he would never get as far east again, as he was advancing 
in years, and was tired of taking scalps. 

"Bernard," said Blanchette Chasseur to the old chief, before 
his departure, "when you lived here did you give any name 
to your home ? ' ' 

"I called the place ' Les Petites Cotes,'" replied Bernard, 
" from the sides of the hills that you see." 

" By that name shall it be called," said Blanchette Chasseur,, 
"for it is the echo of nature — beautiful from its simplicity." 

The two friends then separated. The chief of the Dakotaa 
with his warriors wended their way back to their tribe, and Blan- 
chette Chasseur again descended the Missouri, determined in a 
short time to return to Les Petites Cotes, and there form a settle- 
ment. He did so. In 1769 (four years after) he formed a settle- 
ment, and called the town that he laid out, " Les Petites Cotes." 
It soon grew to a thriving village, and many years afterward 
was changed to St. Charles. 

Femme Osage creek derived its name from the drowning of an 
Osage squaw. Many years prior to the date of the first Ameri- 
can settlements, some Indians of that tribe were hunting in 
that part of the country, and one of their squaws, having been 
on an errand somewhere, was returning to her people. The 
stream was swollen from recent rains, and in attempting to cross 
it on her pony, the current swept them away from the ford, and 
she was drowned. The Indians, therefore, called the stream 
Femme Osage, or Osage woman's creek. 

Most of the pioneers of Missouri were from the States of 
Kentucky and Virginia, with a few from North and South 
Carolina, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. 

They were a hardy, honest, friendly class of people, addicted 
to hospitality and neighborly intercourse. Most of them came 
to the West because they wanted to be free — free from the 
restraints and shams of society, and the domineering influence of 


money and aristocracy. A few came to evade the penalty of 
tlie laws which they had violated at home, but there wgre not 
many of this class, and their standing and character being soon 
found out, they were shunned by the better class of people. 

With the exception of the Boone families, their relations and 
friends, most of the pioneers were strangers to each other ; but 
every newly arrived stranger met a hearty welcome, and was 
treated as an old friend, merely because he had come, probabh^ 
from the same State in the East or South. It was enough to 
know that he had come from the liome State, and at once he was 
treated like an old acquaintance and friend. Or, if he happened 
to be a stray sheep, from some of the outside States, he was still 
treated as a friend — because they all wanted to be friendly. 

Rev. Timothy Flint, an educated Presbyterian minister of New 
England, who lived in St. Charles for several years during the 
first part of the present century, thus wrote of the people and 
some of their habits : 

" In approaching the country, I heard a thousand stories of 
"gougings," and robberies, and shooting down with the rifle. I 
have traveled in these regions thousands of miles under all cir- 
cumstances of exposure and danger. I have traveled alone, or 
in company only with such as needed protection, instead of being 
able to impart it ; and this, too, in many instances, where I was 
not known as a minister, or where such knowledge would have 
had no influence in protecting me. I never have carried the 
slightest weapon of defence. I scarcely remember to have, 
experienced anything that resembled insult, or to have felt myself 
in danger from the people. I have often seen men that had lost 
an eye. Instances of murder, numerous and horrible in their 
circumstances, have occurred in my vicinity. But they were such 
lawless rencounters as terminate in murdel* everywhere, and in 
which the drunkenness, brutality and violence were mutual. 
They were catastrophes, in which quiet and sober men would not 
be involved. * * * xhe first Sabbath that I preached in 
St. Charles [about 1816], before morning worship, directly 
opposite where worship was to take place, there was a horse-race. 
The horses received the signal to start just as I rode to the 
door. « * * I5ut J cannot forbear to relate that 

six years after, when I left the place, it was after a communion, 
where services had been performed in a decent brick church, in 
which forty communicants had received communion." 

The same gentleman, speaking more directly of the people 
whom he found here at that early period, said: 

The backwoodsman of the West, as I have seen him, is 



generally an amiable and virtuous man. His general motive for 
coming here is to be a freeholder, to have plenty of rich land, 
and to be able to settle his childi'en about him. I fully believe 
that nine in ten of the emigrants have come here with no other 
motive. You find, in truth, that he has vices and barbarisms, 
peculiar to his situation. His manners are rough. He wears, it 
may be, a long beard. He has a great quantity of bear or deer 
skins wrought into his household establishment, his furniture and 
dress. He carries a knife, or a dirk, in his bosom, and when in 
the woods has a rifle on his back, and a pack of dogs at his heels ; 
but remember that his rifle and his dogs are among his chief 
means of support and profit. Remember that all his first days 
here were spent in dread of savages. Remember that he still 
encounters theni, still meets bears and panthers. Enter his door, 
and tell him you are benighted, and wish the shelter of his cabin 
for the night. The welcome is, indeed, seemingly ungracious: 
'I reckon you can sta}',' or, ' I suppose we must let you stay.' 
But this apparent ungraciousness is the harbinger of every kind- 
ness that he can bestow, and every comfort that his cabin can 
afford. Good coffee, corn bread and butter, venison, pork, wild 
and tame fowls, are set before you. His wife, timid, silent, re- 
served, but constantly attentive to your comfort, does not sit at 
the table with j'ou, but like the wives of the patriarchs, stands 
and attends on you. You are shown the best bed which the 
house can afford. When this kind of hospitality has been afford- 
ed you as long as you choose to stay, and when you depart, and 
speak about your bill, you arc most commonly told with some 
slight mark of resentment, that they do not keep tavern. Even 
the flaxen-headed urchins will run away from your money." 

To such a degree was this spirit of hospitality carried that one 
who kept a tavern and charged for his accommodations, was look- 
ed down upon by his neighbors as not the right sort of a man to 
associate with. 

In those days there were no railroads or steamboats, nor even 
stage coaches, to convey passengers from place to place, and the 
earl}' settlers had to depend upon their own resources. Some 
built flat-boats and keel-boots, into which they loaded their goods 
and families, and floated down the Ohio and its tributaries to the 
Mississippi, and then toiled up that stream to the Missouri, and 
up the latter to their destination, dragging their clumsy boats by 
tow-lines, or forcing them along with oars and poles. Others 
packed their goods, and wives, and children on horses, and came 
through the wilderness, supplying themselves with meat from the 
wild game which the}' killed with their rifles as they came along. 
And still others, too poor either to own horses or build boats, 


shouldered what few articles of worldly goods they possessed, and 
came on foot. 

They all located in the woods, near the water courses, 
and built their houses adjoining some nice, cool, bubbling spring. 
The idea of settling on the rich prairies never occurred to them. 
They imagined that the prairies never could be cultivated, be- 
cause there was no water on them, and no timber to fence them. 
They did not know, then, that water could be had by digging 
ponds and cisterns, or that fences could be made by hedging and 
ditching, or by hauling rails from the adjoining timber. Now 
the prairies are more valuable than the timbered lands, because 
they are easier to cultivate, and it requires comparatively little 
labor to put them in a condition to be cultivated. 

Their houses were built of rough logs, with puncheon floors, 
clapboard roofs, and great, broad, flaring chimneys, composed of 
sticks and mud. Sometimes they had no floors in their houses, 
except the ground, beaten smooth and hard, and swept clean 
every day. Iron nails were not to be had, and the boards of their 
roofs were fastened with wooden pins, or weighted with poles and 
stones. One of these old-fashioned houses — two stories high, 
however, and built of hewn logs — still stood, within one hundred 
yards of where Daniel Boone and his wife were buried, no longer 
than five years ago. 

A house-raising was a great event, and the people would go 
ten, fifteen, and even twenty and thirty miles, to assist on these 
occasions. The women and girls went, too, and cooked 
I'ousing dinners of venison, turkey, bear's meat, corn bread, etc. 
These were relished with fresh honey, taken from trees in the 
woods, and washed down with clear water from the spring ; or, 
occasionally, with pure, unadulterated whisky. The luxuries of 
tea and coffee were almost unknown, except among a few of the 
old ladies, who had become accustomed to them in former times 
and could not very well do without them. Some of these old 
ladies would walk to St. Charles or St. Louis, a journey of four 
or five days, to buy a little tea and coffee, so great was their de- 
sire for these luxuries. Others contented themselves with sassa- 
fras tea, sweetened with honey, or coffee made of parched rye or 
corn, which had the name and color, and imagination supplied 
the rest. The woods were full of bee trees, and honey was abun- 
dant. They kept it stored away in cellar-pits and spring-houses 
by the barrel, where it would grain and become so thick that 


it could be cut out in slices with a knife — sweeter and more de- 
licious than the nicest candy that was ever made. An old pioneer, 
still living, often laughs and tells how his mother went to the 
spring-house once, and found a favorite cat smothered to death in 
a barrel of honey. The cat and a portion of the honey around it 
were dipped out, and they tried to eat the rest, but it always re- 
mained on the table untasted, and it was finally thrown away. 

Milk and butter were in the greatest abundance, and the latter 
was sent to market at St. Charles — after that place became large 
enough to aflPord a market — by the barrel. Only a few were 
able to own churns, and those who did not possess that useful do- 
mestic article, used large bottles or gourds instead. The milk 
was placed in the bottle or gourd and shaken until the butter 
"came." A few, more progressive than the others, resorted to 
the expedient of saddling a mule or a rough trotting horse, and 
trotting around until the milk was churned. These same progi-es- 
sive persons were known, on different occasions, when in a great 
hurry, to walk three or four miles after a horse to ride half that 

The "range" was so good that cattle and horses, and other 
stock, did not require feeding more than three months out of 
twelve, and then a few ears of corn was all they wanted. They 
kept fat all the year round. The wild rye, grass and peavine grew 
80 high that it would reach a man's shoulders when riding through 
it on horseback, and so thick that large logs and trees, that had been 
blown down, would be completely hid from view. This state- 
ment seems a little unreasonable, but it is vouched for by a num- 
ber of persons who know it to be true. 

During the summer, when the cattle and horses were not fed, 
they would become wild, unless salted regularly and accustomed 
to the voices and presence of their owners. The salting was gen- 
erally done by the boys, who sometimes got themselves into 
great danger by their recklessness. One of these boys went into 
the woods, one day, to salt his father's cattle, and, thinking to have 
a little fun, began to bleat like a calf in distress. Instantly the 
whole herd of several hundred came dashing towards him with 
their horns lowered.^ and bellowing furiously. The boy sprang 
from his horse and climbed a small tree, just in time to escape be- 
ing trampled to death by the infuriated nnimals, who kept him in 
the tree for several hours, bellowing around him and plowing the 
dirt with their horns and hooffs. He never tried that prank again. 


The same boy and his brothers used to amuse themselves by 
frightening the sheep. In driving them from the sheepfold into 
the pasture they had to pass through a pair of bars, and it was 
the custom for one of the boys to lie down behind the bars, and 
when the sheep came near, spring up and hiss, which would fright- 
en them and make them scatter in every dii'ection, much to 
the amusement of the boys. But one morning the sheep were a 
little too quick, and the foremost ones had passed through the 
the bars and over the boy before he could spring up. Of course 
the whole flock followed, and the louder the boy screamed the 
faster the sheep came, until they were all through. His back was 
sore for a week, where tliey had jumped upon him with their feet, 
and he was satisfied after that to let the sheep alone. 

Another anecdote about these boys will not be out of place, as 
it goes to show that human nature, as represented in boys, was 
about the same then as it is now, notwithstanding a great many 
good people of the present age seem to think children are worse 
than they ever were at any other period of the world's existence. 
Nearly all of the first settlers owned negro slaves, and the black 
and white children generally played and worked together on equal 
terms. One day the boy to whom we have referred was plowing 
in a field with two of his brothers and a colored boy about their 
own age. The day being very warm, they stopped under a tree 
to rest and cool — and play. During their conversation the sub- 
ject of hanging was broached, and the colored boy expressed a 
desire to know, by practical experience, how it felt. The others 
were not slow in announcing their readiness to gratify his wish ; 
and, procuring a plow-line, one end of it was thrown over a limb 
and the other tied in a noose around the boy's neck. The agree- 
ment was that when he had hung long enou'gh to gratify his curi- 
osity, he was to whistle and they were to let him down. The pre- 
liminaries being all completed, they hoisted him up, and would 
have hanged him until he was dead, if the old gentleman, who was 
in the barn near by, had not seen them and ordered them to let 
him down. When he came down he was senseless and limber as 
a rag, and it was some time before he recovered consciousness 
His neck was very sore for several days, and he was never after- 
ward heard to express a desire to know how hanging felt. 

A great deal of pure whisky and brandy were used in those 
days, and every farmer, who was able to aflbrd it, built a small 
still house. They were not troubled with revenue officers and 


collectors, or government stamps, and other contrivances for rais- 
ing taxes, so familiar at the present time ; but every one made his 
own Hquor, freely and openly, from the pure juice of the grain 
or fruit, and then drank it himself, and gave it to his family and 
neighbors to drink, without any compunctions of conscience. Men, 
women and children drank whisky and brandy, because it was 
pure, and they considered it healthy and pleasant to the taste. 
There were perhaps more drunkards then, in proportion to popu- 
lation, than now, but there were fewer premature deaths, derange- 
ments, and cases of deUruvi tremens, growing out of the use of al- 
coholic stimulants. When one neighbor visited another, the whis- 
ky and sugar, or honey, were set before him, and all drank freely. 
It was considered an insult and sufficient cause for discontinuinsr 
friendly relations, if you visited a neighbor and were not asked to 
drink. Cups and glasses could not be had, and hence they used 
gourds, wild cymlings, and horns for drinking purposes. "Will 
you take a horn?" was the usual mode of asking a person to 
take a drink, and the expression has never gone out of use. Jugs 
and barrels were scarce, and large gourds, holding several gallons, 
were grown, in which whisky and other liquids were stored away. 

Earthenware cups, saucers, plates, etc., were not used, as they 
could not be purchased in the country ; and knives and forks were 
unknown until a comparatively modern date. Their plates were 
made of pewter, kept scoured bright and clean, and in place of 
knives and forks they used their hunting knives and pocket 
knives, aided by their fingers, and occasionally wooden spoons. 
Wooden trays and bowls took the place of iron and tin vessels of 
modern times. Pots were sometimes made of raw hide, or green 
bark, and they would last a considerable length of time, the boil- 
ing water or other liquid on the inside preventing them fi'om burning. 
For chairs they had rough stools, or frames with raw hide stretched 
over them ; sometimes the trunks of small trees were sawed off 
the proper length, and, cushioned with bear skins or buffalo robes, 
made very comfortable seats. One man is reported to have used 
large pumpkins for stools, into which the rats gnawed after the 
seeds, and made things lively for the man and his children. Tiiis, 
however, we do not vouch for. 

Nearly all the first settlers brought seeds of different kinds of 
fruit with them, from which they soon obtained bearing orchards ; 
though the fruit, being all seedling, was generally of an inferior 
quality. This, however, was not always the case, for some very 



fine varieties of apples, peaclies, and pears originated in those 
old orchards. 

Very little attention was given to agriculture, the men and boys- 
devoting most of their time to hunting and trapping, which waa 
the most profitable employment they could engage in. The wom- 
en and girls did the cooking and washing, weaving, sewing and 
knitting, and had a much harder time than their male relatives. 
Their dresses were made of cotton and lindsey, manufactured en- 
tirely by their own hands ; and frequently a great deal of taste 
was displayed in the coloring (which was done with roots and 
bark) and the combination of colors in weaving. A sti'iped lind- 
sey dress was considerd a beautiful article of apparel. Four tO' 
five yards of cloth was generally suflficient for a dress, as they 
were made short and small in the skirt. The men and boys raised 
the cotton, and sheared the sheep, but the cotton and wool were 
picked, washed, carded, spun, woven, and made into garments by 
the women and girls. Sometimes all hands, old and young, large 
and small, would sit up late at night and pick cotton, the little 
ones being kept awake by promises of supper when they had com- 
pleted their tasks. This supper consisted of nothing more than a 
piece of buttered corn bread and a gourd of milk, for those old- 
fashioned people were impressed with the idea that heavy suppers 



were not good for children. But they were hearty and hungry, 
and their bread and milk was as rich a feast to them as a king's 
supper. There w:as no lack of children then. Every family had 
ten or a dozen of them, and some had as many as twenty, all 
healthy, hearty, active little fellows. The country was new, land 
was cheap, and it cost nothing to support them, as they usually 
made their own way ; so each little new-comer received a hearty 
welcome, and was sent on his way rejoicing. In warm weather 
they were not burdened with a superabundance of clothes ; a coarse 
cotton shirt, hanging loose from the neck, generally constituted 
their wardrobe. In winter time they were dressed in warm jeans 
and lindsey, with woolen socks and buckskin moccasins on their 
feet. The boys sometimes wore buckskin pants and hunting shirts 
in cold weather, but, as a general thing, that suit was not donned 
until they were old enough to kill the deer and tan the hide from 
which their suit was made. 

There was no public school system in Missouri at the time of 
which we write, and the people were not so generally educated as 
they are now. It was often the case that men of influence in their 
communities could not write their names, and the old legal records 
show a large proportion of signatures made with a mark. There 
was perhaps as large a proportion of well educated people then as 
now, but the mass of the people were not so well versed in the 
rudiments of our language. Most of parents made an effort to 
teach their boys how to read, write and cypher ; but very little at- 
tention was given to the education of girls. It was thought that a 
girl's education was complete when she knew how to cook, wash, 
spin, weave, attend to her domestic duties, and read the simpler 
chapters of the Bible. Books were scarce and very high priced, 
and those who were inclined to educate themselves had but few op- 
portunities for doing so. Now and then some pretentious peda- 
gogue, with the title of professor, and pretending to be able to 
impart a knowledge of most of the languages and all the sciences, 
would straggle into a community and teach a three or four 
months' subscription school, in some disused cabin, hastily fur- 
nished as a school house, with split log benches and puncheon 
writing desks. To this " academy" the youth of the community 
would be sent, to study a little, and play a great deal more, while 
the teacher slept away the effects of too free an intercourse with 
his whisky bottle — for they nearly all drank freely. The celerity 
with which they claimed to be able to impart a classical education 


was truly astonishing. A few months were sutlicieiit to master 
all the intricacies of the English language ; and Greek, Latin, and 
Hebrew could be forced into the dullest intellect at a dozen les- 
sons. Some of these teachers were also ministers, and they took 
great delight in quoting Hebrew, Latin and Greek, in support of 
their religious dogmas, to gaping congregations, who imagined 
them to be walking encyclopedias of learning. But while they 
■quoted the ancient languages, with which they were about as fa- 
miliar as a Choctaw Indian is with Sanscrit, they did not hesitate 
to "murder the king's Enghsh" in the grossest and most barbar- 
ous manner. 

With this class of teachers, and so great a lack of educational 
facilities, it is not to be wondered at that many of the children 
grew up in comparative ignorance ; but happily they all, by some 
means or other, acquired a high appreciation of the advantages of 
a good education, and, as soon as they were able, built school 
houses, employed competent teachers, and sent their children to 

Monej^ was exceedingly scarce, and furs and peltry constituted 
the principal currency of the country. Lead and gun powder also 
passed current, and whisky would have done likewise if it had 
possessed any intrinsic value. A few silver dollars found their 
way into the country at different times, and as that was the small- 
est coin in circulation, they were cut into pieces of four and eight 
to the dollar, and passed for quarters and bits, the latter repre- 
senting 124^ cents. Hence the Western expressions, "six bits," 
"four bits," etc., which are rarely or never heard anywhere else. 
Frequently a dollar would be cut into Jive pieces and passed for 
quarters, or into ten pieces and passed for twelve and a half cents. 
The latter were called sharp shiners^ and both they and the dis- 
lionest quarters were so nearly like the honest ones that they gen- 
erally passed without suspicion. As the population increased and 
currency became a necessity, counterfeit money began to make 
its appearance ; and the people, being easily imposed upon, re- 
ceived it readily, until at one time there was more spurious coin 
in circulation than genuine. Companies of counterfeiters were 
organized, and large quantities of the stuff were manufactured 
and sent to other localities to be passed. The excitement finally 
ran very high, and several suspected parties were lynched, or 
threatened with the penalties of the law. These vigorous meas- 
ures soon put an end to the business, and the people also 


became shrewd enough not to be imposed upon any longer. 

They were all great lovers of fun in those early days, and hav- 
ing no occasion or desire to lay up money, they devoted much of 
their time to amusement. Their house-raisings, log-rollings, .corn- 
shuckings, rail-splittings, and musters were generally turned into 
frolics, and they had more fun than work. A few would get 
drunk and fight — then make friends, take another drink, and fight 
again. Others would jump and run foot races, while perhaps the 
greater portion would organize a shooting match, and try their 
skill as marksmen. The "manly art" of boxing and fighting was 
practiced to a considerable extent, doubtless at first with the in- 
tention of rendering themselves able to overcome their Indian ad- 
versaries in hand-to-hand combats, but it eventually degenerated 
into a pernicious custom, and every public gathering had to be 
enlivened with a fight or two. Elaeh neighborhood had its 
"bully," who was monarch of all he surveyed, and who held him- 
self in constant readiness to accommodate any man who was 
spoiling for a fight. Like the fabled Irishman, who begged "some 
jintleman to tread upon the tail of his coat," they were never 
happy except when engaged in a "scrimmage." When two of 
these champions happened to meet at any public gathering, they 
generally devoted the day to the improving exercise of mashing 
noses, bruising faces, and gouging eyes ; and it was an unusual 
thing for one of them to live to middle age without the loss of an 
eye, the disappearance of sundry teeth, or the total wreck of a 
nose. Each community had a nick-name, bj^ which the people of 
that locality w^ere called. Thus, in Montgomery county, those who 
lived on Elk Horn creek were called "heel strings," those on Camp 
Branch, "shake rags," and those on South Bear creek "anaruges." 
So when one of the champions wanted to try his prowess with any 
of the other champions, he would liquor himself up to the fighting 
point, and then announce that he could whip any shake rag, heel 
string, or anaruge (as the case might be) on the ground, and im- 
mediately his challenge would be accepted and the fighting would 
commence. But as school houses began to make their appear- 
ance, and intelligence increased, these worthies sought more con- 
genial haunts, until they finally disappeared. 

In addition to its fighting champion, each community had its 
champion jumper, whose nimble limbs were supposed to sustain 
the honor of their respective neighborhoods in this particular. 
As to marksmanship, they were all so nearly perfect in the use of 


the rifle that but few could lay any claim to superior excellence in 
that line, and they held their shooting matches more for practice 
and amusement than from any desire or expectation of gaining 
reputations as leading shots. 

For years after the close of the Indian war, they kept up their 
military organizations and drills. Each township had a company, 
and each county a regiment, and four times a year they mus- 
tered and drilled. On these occasions it was customary for the 
officers to treat the men, and a wash-tub full of whisky was gen- 
erally prepared for them, and placed on a stump, around which 
they would gather after the drill was over, and helj) themselves, 
some with gourds, horns and other drinking vessels, while others 
would insert straws in the tub and suck to their hearts' content. 
If the officers refused to treat, the men would not drill ; but 
usually the treat was ready when wanted, for the officers were 
generally candidates for civil positions, or expected to be, and 
did not care to risk the loss of their popularity with the men who 
did the voting. 

The poor women had a pretty hard time, for in addition to 
taking care of the children, and doing all the ordinary domestic 
work and house-cleaning, with none of the modern improvements 
to aid them, they had to manufacture cloth from the raw material 
and make all the clothes worn by themselves and their families. 
Some idea of the trials they had to pass through can be obtained 
from the following extract from a letter, written by one of the 
pioneer women of Callaway county to her sister in Kentucky, 
who had made inquiries as to how she liked her new home : 

"The men and dogs have a fine time, but the poor women have 
to suffer. They have to pack water from one-half to one mile, 
and do all the cooking and washing. So my advice to you is, 
stay where you are. But if you see any one coming to this part 
of the country, please send me a plank cradle for poor little Pat- 
rick. His poor little back is full of hard lumps, and skinned all 
over, lying in nothing but a cradle George made out of one-half 
of a hollow log, with a piece [of wood] on one end for a pillow. 
The poor child has a hard time, for he hain't got but two shirts 
in the world, and both of them is made of nettle bark, that al- 
most scratches him to death. Great dents and whelps [welts] 
are all over the poor little creature's back. I don't want to have 
any more children if the poor little things are to be treated in 
this way. 1 told George so last night, and what you reckon he 
said? He said it was the very thing — it would make them tough, 
and they could stand Bare and Deer hunting. George has got 


him a Buckskin hunting-shirt and pants, and he is gone hunting 
day and night. 

"We have got some good, kind Neighbors, and we visit each 
other when we can. I forgot to tell you of a wedding I and 
George attended last week. They were married by an old Hard 
Shell liaptist preacher by the name of Jabe Ham. He had on a 
long buckskin overcoat that looked so funny ! The man was in 
his shirt sleeves, with white cotton pants that just came down 
below his knees, and white cotton socks, and buckskin shppers 
on his feet. The girl was dressed in a short-waisted, low-necked, 
short-sleeved white cotton dress, that was monstrous short for a 
tall girl like she was, for I don't reckon there was more than five 
yards of cloth in her dress. She also had on buckskin slippers, 
and her hair was tied up with a buckskin string, which is all the 
go out here. And when Mr. Ham was spelling and reading the 
ceremony from the book, the girl commenced sneezing, and the 
buckskin string slipped off and her hair flew all over her face, and 
everybody laughed . ' ' 

The people of that age had but few conveniences, and were 
compelled to resort to many expedients and shifts that now seem 
ridiculous to us ; but they did the best they could under the 
circumstances, and tried to be contented and happy. They had 
no convenient markets or eas}' modes of transportation, and what 
little they had to sell generally brought a very low price. For 
many years there were no stores of any kind in the country, and 
only two or three small trading establishments at St. Charles, 
where a few necessary articles of domestic use could be purchas- 
ed. Occasionally wagons would come up from St. Louis, loaded 
with such goods as the settlers needed, which would be exchang- 
ed for game, fresh hone)', butter, etc. The arrival of one of 
these wagons always created a sensation, and everybody turned 
out to buy and sell. If a man had nothing to exchange for the 
goods in the wagon, he took his rifle and went into the woods and 
obtained the necessary articles. Game was so abundant that it 
did not require a great length of time to supply one's self with 
that kind of currency. What little money was in circulation was 
hoarded up and taken to the land office in Palmyra to purchase 
lands from the government. But few debts were contract- 
ed, and none were sued upon. The few necessaries that the 
people were compelled to purchase were paid lor in barter. New 
Orleans was the principal market, and tlie produce of the 
country was shipped on flat or keel boats — sometimes in canoes 
and pirogues. It generally required six months to make the trip. 


Corn was worth from five to ten cents per bushel, wheat thirty 
cents, bacon a cent and a half a pound ; the best horses sold for 
twenty to thirty dollars, and good cows from five to seven dollars. 
The scarcity of money and lack of means of transportation, 
made everything low that farmers had to sell, and the same causes 
enhanced the price of every article they were compelled to buy. 
The little money they had was principally '■^hard money," and 
the people fully realized its inconvenience as a circulating 
medium, and its want of power to build up the commercial in- 
terests of a country. Very few who lived in Missouri at that 
time, and witnessed the evil effects of silver currency, could be 
induced ta vote for the "hard money" absurdity of the present 
day. Metal currency will do for heathens and uncivilized nations, 
where trade is limited and the government so unstable that its 
"promises to pay" are worthless, but no enlightened commercial 
country can prosper, or even exist, without a paper currency. 
Business men cannot afford to keep a cart and a 3'Oke of oxen to 
draw their money around, as the Spartans of old did, and 
the early Missourians learned this fact to their cost. Those who 
possessed considerable sums of money, and came to this country 
to invest in lands, were compelled either to pack their money in 
sacks on the backs of their horses, and thereby excite the cupid- 
ity of robbers, by whom the intervening country was infested, or 
exchange their silver for U. S. Bank notes, and pay a premium 
of several per cent. These notes even brought a premium over 
gold, simply because of their convenience, and the faith of the 
people in their stability. 

The lack of money — or rather the want of a convenient cur- 
rency — finally led to the establishment of "wild-cat" banks in 
different parts of the country. Very few of these establishments 
were conducted on banking principles, but they issued notes that 
looked like money, and the people received them gladly. Trade 
revived, values increased, and the country seemed to be entering 
upon the high road to prosperity. But after a while some of 
these notes began to be presented for redemption, and then the 
unpleasant discovery was made that the " bankers" had nothing 
to redeem them with. The spurious bills failed in the hands of 
the holders, and in a short time the country was left without a 
currency. Even the wealthy could liardl}'^ find means to purchase 
the actual necessaries of life, and the people were plunged into a 
depth of distress never before realized. Lands and other prop- 


erty at first sank in value to less than at any former period, and 
then would scarcely sell at all. Confidence and credit were de- 
stroyed through the influence of what were called relief laws. 
Missouri and Illinois suffered more than any of the other States, 
and for the relief of the people a banking system, called a loan 
oflftce, was established. The money was redeemable in equal 
annual installments of ten per cent, in ten years. This money 
was declared by some of the courts to be illegal, and not a 
tender, as it had been made by the Legislature that had created 
it ; and it immediately began to depreciate, until it fell to twenty- 
five per cent of its nominal value. This remedy, therefore, only 
aggravated the disease. The people could not obtain money to 
pay their taxes, or to purchase clothes for their families, and their 
produce, stock, etc., became almost worthless. "Hard times" 
were upon them in earnest, and none were exempt. Years 
elapsed before this dreadful condition of affairs began to grow 
perceptibly better. Then Senator Benton had a law passed 
through Congress, authorizing the recoinage of British gold, with 
additional alloy, and this increased the currency of the country to 
a perceptible degree. Shortly after the passage of this law the 
German immigration commenced, which gave a new impetus to 
trade in the Western country. Then followed the discovery of 
gold in California, and that did more than anything else to dispel 
the financial gloom. A State bank was also established, on a 
sound basis, and its bills circulated at par with gold and silver, 
sometimes bringing a premium over both. The free circulation 
of good money caused a revival of business, and prosperity once 
more smiled upon the country. In April, 1836, the first railroad 
-convention met in St. Louis, and a committee of three, viz. : 
Messrs. Rollins, Bates, and Gamble, was appointed to memorial- 
ize Congress for grants of land in aid of the several proposed 
roads. Railroads have since been built upon all the routes sug- 
gested at that time, and nearly upon the lines designated, as will 
be seen from the following proceedings of the convention : 

"1st. It is now expedient to adopt measures for the construc- 
tion of a railroad from St. Louis to Fayette, with the view of 
ultimately extending the road in that general direction, as far as 
public convenience and the exigencies of trade may require. 

" Also, a railroad from St. Louis, in a Southwestern direction, 
to the valley of Bellevue, in Washington county, so as to traverse 
the rich mineral region in that part of the state, with a view to 
its indefinite extension in that direction, when and as far as public 


interest may require. And also a branch from some convenient 
point on the last-mentioned road, to the Meramec iron-works in 
Crawford county, with a A'iew to its ultimate extension through 
Cooper county to a point on the Missouri river in Jackson county. 
"2d. That the proposed railroad from St. Louis to Fayette 
ought to cross the Missouri river at the town of St. Charles, and 
through or within one mile of the several towns of Warrenton. 
Danville, Fulton, and Columbia, the said towns being points most 
acceptable to the people of the counties through which the road 
is proposed to pass." 

The first railroad in Missouri was commenced in 1836, at Marion 
City, in the eastern part of Marion county. It was the intention 
for this road to extend to the Missouri river, in Howard county, 
but it was never completed ; and, from all the information we can 
obtain on the subject, it was only partially surveyed. 


But little attention was given to religious matters in the new 
settlements until after the first ten or twelve years of the present 

The Spanish government, it is true, required all who received 
grants of land from the crown, to be good Catholics, but as this 
requirement was never enforced, the people gave it little or no 
attention. Protestant ministers occasionally visited the settle- 
ments and held services in the log cabins of the pioneers, but no 
churches or classes were regularly organized until after the terri- 
tory was purchased by the United States in 1803. 

The first of the pioneer preachers were Old Baptists, or what 
are popularly known as Ironsides, or Hardshell Baptists, and 
there were some very original characters among them, as we shall 
endeavor to show in future pages. ^ Very few of the pioneers 
made any pretensions to religion, but when one of those Old 
Ironside preachers came into the neighborhood and preached in 
some good brother's cabin, they all attended, with their guns 
on their shoulders, and their dogs at their heels. The guns were 
stacked in one corner of the cabin, while the dogs remained out- 
side and fought, or went on hunting expeditions on their own 
account. At the close of the services, the brother in whose house 



they were held wouhl pass the whisky around, and all would take 
a drink, the preacher included, so that, in this respect, it was 
hard to tell saint from sinner. Then they would call the dogs 
and take a hunt, or get up a shooting match and try their skill 
with their rifles. 

As the settlements became tliicker, and the population in- 
creased, churches of different denominations were organized, and 
a religious fervor began to prevail. Camp-meetings became pop- 
ular, and were largely attended by all classes of people. By this 
time, also, the rough frontier dress had, in a measure, been dis- 
carded, and in place of buckskin hunting shirt and leggins, there 
appeared home-made jeans pants and coats, with now and then a 
''round-about," while the feet were clad in home-made leather 
shoes instead of buckskin moccasins. The good old sisters would 
take their babies in their arms and their slioes and stockino-s in 
their hands, and walk barefooted to the camp-ground, to save 
their shoes. They would sometimes walk twenty or thirty miles 
to a camp-meeting, and upon arriving near the camp-ground, 
would stop at some spring or water course, and wash their feet 
and put on their shoes and stockings. They were generally ac- 
companied on these occasions b}' their husbands, who also carried 

JiC.HAHRlS S CO.'ENC. ST. LOUIS rTr^;S[7?r>'-»3i:^?r^2T 



their shoes in their hands, and their rifles on their shoulders, while 
the older children, clad in the most primitive style, and the dogs, 
brought up the rear. 

It was about the year 1814, as near as we can ascertain — for 
tliere was no record kept of the matter — that the singular reli- 
gious phenomenon called the "jerks" began to make its appear- 
ance at the camp-meetings. It was first (leveloped at a camp- 
meeting in Tennessee, and threw all the surrounding country 
into a state of the wildest excitement. From Tennessee it spread 
to other parts of the country, and soon became prevalent all over 
the West. It was a nervous affection, and persons under its in- 
fluence lost all control over their movements, though they rarely 
became insensible. They would jerk violently from side to side, 
and backward and forward, sometimes shouting " Glory to God," 
and at others cursing and swearing in the most awful manner. 
Sometimes their lieads and necks and bodies would be jerked and 
twisted and distorted until it would seem that every joint and bone 
in them must be dislocated or broken ; but no physical liarm ever 
resulted from these attacks. Sorue attributed the phenomenon to 
tiie agency of tlie devil, others imagined that the preachers under- 
stood some sort of black art which they practiced upon tiiose who 
came near them or shook hands with them ; but the greater por- 
tion of the people, led by the ministers themselves, considered it 
to l)e the manifestation cf the Spirit of God, and gave Him praise 
accordingly. A few incidents, illustrative of this sultject, will 
give a better understanding of its characteristics. 

In a certain community, there lived a young man and his sister, 
in an elegant mansion, left them by their parents. They were aris- 
tocratic and proud, and associated only with their own class of 
people. They rarely attended religious services, except when 
they could visit some fashionable church ; and the Methodists, 
Baptists, and other primitive religious people, were regarded by 
them with a certain degree of contempt. On one occasion, prompt- 
ed by curiosity, they visited a Methodist camp-meeting near their 
residence ; and during the day the young lady began to feel the 
influence of the religious atmosphere by which she was surround- 
ed. The young man, alarmed lest she should join the despised 
Methodists, threatened if she went to the altar he would carry 
her away by force. Finally, being deeply impressed, she did go 
to the altar, and requesied the prayers of the members of the 
church. Her Itrolher, who was at the time in a distant part of 


the cougregation, was soon informed of his sister's action, and 
immediately started forward to carry out his threat. Under the 
arbor, where services were held, rough board seats had been 
erected for the accommodation of the people, and the young man 
had to cross these in going to the altar. He had proceeded 
about half way when he was suddenly attacked by the jerks, and 
could not advance another step. Unwilling to submit to the pow- 
er that restrained him, he made desperate efforts to go forward, 
but every time he advanced a step he would be jerked violently 
back over the seats, and thrown from side to side, as helpless as 
an infant, but raving and swearing like a madman. He tore his 
hair with his hands, and frothed at the mouth, and his limbs were 
jerked about and distorted in a most horrible manner. When he 
stood still, or retreated, the influence deserted him, and he be- 
came quiet and assumed his normal condition ; but the moment 
he attempted to advance he would be seized with renewed power 
and hurled back with increased violence. He wore a suit of fine 
black broadcloth, and a large spur on the heel of each boot, and 
the prongs of the spurs, catching in his clothes, tore them into 
shreds, until, when he finally submitted to the invisible power and 
left the ground, he was almost naked. His sister remained at tlie 
altar, and experienced what is known among Methodists as a 
change of heart ; and the young man was also converted at a sub- 
sequent period. This was one of the most singular incidents that 
occurred during the prevalence of the jerks, but its truth is fully 
vouched for by several persons who witnessed it. 

A young girl, a daughter of Mr. Jonathan Bryan, who lived on 
Femme Osage creek, having visited several camp-meetings and 
witnessed a number of cases of the jerks, learned to imitate them, 
and was rather fond of exhibiting her pi'oficienc}^ in that line. 
But one day, while sitting on the stiles in front of her father's 
house, she was attacked by the genuine jerks, and thrown to the 
ground. Her head and body were thrown backward and forward 
with great force, and her long hair, coming loose from its fasten- 
ings, cracked like a whip. She was jerked and thrown around 
for a considerable length of time, and then left in an almost ex- 
hausted condition. After that she never imitated the jerks again 
— one genuine experience satisfied her. 

Rev. Jesse "Walker, a Methodist minister, and Rev. David Clark, 
an Ironside Baptist preacher, once conducted a camp-meeting to- 
gether, on Peruque creek, in St. Charles county. During the 



meeting the jerks made their appearance, and a number of per- 
sons were brought under their influence. One day a man named 
Leonard Harrow was looking on and laughing at some of the pen- 
itents who were jerking, when he was suddenly attacked himself, 
and, throwing his arras around a sapling near him, he began to 
butt his head violently against it, and would have knocked his 
brains out if he had not been restrained by several persons who 
stood near him. 

Sometimes, after the jerks deserted them, they would fall into 
a trance or stupor, and remain unconscious, and often apparently 
dead, for hours and even days at a time. A few incidents are 
mentioned where persons were actually laid out and prepared for 
burial, their friends supposing them to be dead ; but eventually 
they would recover their consciousness as suddenly as they had 
lost it, and astonish the watchers by rising up in their grave 
clothes. A colored woman, who belonged to Mr. Burrell Adams, 
of Montgomery county, was subject to attacks of this kind, and 
would remain unconscious and motionless for a day or two at 
a time. 

Occasionally the jerks would assume a ludicrous aspect, and 
cause their victims to perform such ridiculous actions that the 
most sedate could hardly restrain their laughter. On one occa- 
sion, at a camp-meeting near Flint Hill, in St. Charles county a 
man who had been standing for sometime as if in a profound 
study, suddenly commenced jumping up and down, snapping his 
thumbs and fingers, and shouting at the top of his voice, "Slick as 
a peeled onion! Slick as a peeled onion!" His emotion lasted 
only a few minutes, and upon being questioned by his friends as 
to its cause, he replied that he had just received the Holy Ghost, 
and it came so easily that he could compare it with nothing moi'e 
appropriate than the slickness of a peeled onion. 

Mrs. Williamson, who lived near Loutre, in Montgomery coun- 
ty, often had the jerks ; and so did her daughter. Miss Katy. At 
a camp-meeting held by the Cumberland Presbyterians, a short 
distance southeast of Danville, many years ago. Miss Katy was 
attacked by the jei'ks, and some men who were standing near be- 
gan to laugh at her. Directly she started toward them, in a jump- 
ing, unearthly fashion, when the men became frightened and ran 
away. About the same time several large dogs attacked tlie girl 
and tore her dress into shreds, leaving her almost naked, when 


some of the preachers came down from the pulpit and drove the 
dogs away. 

Subsequently, at a camp-meeting in Warren county, Miss Katy 
had an attack of the jerks, and getting down on her hands and 
feet, she began to crawl about like a measuring worm, when some 
of her friends carried her away and secured her in a tent. 

Rev. James E. Welch, whose history is given elsewhere, relates 
the following incidents that occurred under his own observation : 
When a mere boy, he attended a camp-meeting held by a body of 
religious enthusiasts who had seceded from the Presbyterian 
church, and who called themselves New Lights. This meeting 
was held near the line between Kentucky and Tennessee, in the 
region of country where the New Lights, as well as the jerks, 
originated. One day during the meeting, the boy's attention 
was directed to four women, who, though in the midst of the con- 
gregation, were carefull}' binding up and securing their long hair. 
Having completed their arrangements, they all took the jerks, 
and commenced dancing backward and forward, over a space of 
about ten feet, giving a slight but very peculiar jerk of the body 
and head at each turn. During the performance the hair of one 
of the women came down, when she very deliberately stopped 
and re-arranged it, and then proceeded with her dancing as 
though nothing had occurred to interrupt her. When the horn 
blew for dinner, they all quieted down, and went to the table and 
ate as heartily as any one. 

Young Welch afterward became a minister in the Missionary 
Baptist Church, and in 1814 came to Cape Girardeau, Mo., on 
some private business. He remained several months, and during 
his stay was invited to go to a place about twenty-five miles west 
of Cape Girardeau, on the watei-s of the St. Francois river, and 
hold religious services. He did so, and organized a Baptist 
church at that place. One day, just after he had announced his 
text and commenced his discourse, a young woman immediately 
in front of him, took the jerks. This was his first experience 
with that phenomenon since he had commenced preaching, and it 
startled him. The girl's body, as she sat on the bench, was jerk- 
ed violently backward and forward, until her head almost touched 
the benches in front of and behind her, and the minister 
expected every moment to see her back break ; but she was not 
injured in the least. In the midst of her contortions her hair 
came loose, and the rapid motions of her head caused it to hiss 


aud whiz so loud that it could be heard at a distance of thirty or 
forty yards ; and at every jerk she gave a peculiar shriek or yelp 
that almost made the blood curdle. It cannot be exactly repre- 
sented in print, but sounded very much like "yeouk." Mr. 
Welch was so overcome bj' his emotions at witnessing the strange 
exhibition, that he could not proceed with his sermon, but stopped 
and gazed in wonder at the girl. As soon as he ceased preaching, 
she sank back exhausted upon the ground, and remained appar- 
ently unconscious. He thereupon resumed his discourse, when 
she again began to jerk, and this was repeated three times before 
he closed his sermon. 

Mr. Welch was accompanied on his return to Kentucky by a 
young man, whom he found to be a very pleasant traveling com- 
panion, and whose society was none the less appreciated on ac- 
count of the loneliness of the road. The settlements at that time 
were very scattering, and the^' often traveled fift}- to seventy-five 
miles without seeing a house. One evening the}' stopped at a 
cabin, in the midst of a dense wilderness, fifty miles from any 
other human habitation, and inquired if they could obtain lodging 
for the night. The man, who was a genuine specimen of the 
backwoods hunter, answered them that they were welcome, if thej'' 
could put up with his fare ; and being thankful to obtain anj^ kind 
of a shelter, they gladly availed themselves of his hospitality, 
and alighting from their horses, they entered the cabin, which 
contained but one room, furnished in the usual frontier style. 
The family consisted of the man, his wife, and a grown daughter, 
and, notwithstanding their lonely surroundings, the}^ seemed con- 
tented with their lot and happy in each other's society. After a 
substantial supper of venison, corn bread, and milk and butter, 
they seated themselves at the door of the cabin, where they could 
enjo}' the cool breeze, and spent several hours in pleasant conver- 
sation. The cabin contained two beds, one on either side of the 
room, and when it was time to retire, one of these was given to 
Mr. Welch and his companion, while the man and his wife occu- 
pied the other, the girl sleeping on a pallet between them. The 
light had scarcely been extinguished when the girl began to pound 
the floor in a very demonstrative manner, with her elbows and 
feet, and upon inquiry as to what was the matter with her, the man 
replied that she had the jerks. " Caught 'em," said he, " from one 
of the preachers, at a INIcthodist camp-meeting." " For God's 
sake," exclaimed Mr. Welch, "light the candle and let us see 


what is the matter with her." The man complied, and as soon as 
the light was struck the girl sprang to her feet, and, ducking her 
head like a sheep, she ran to the door and butted it with great 
violence, taking care, however, not to strike her head against any 
portion of it that was solid enough to knock her brains out. She 
kept this up for some time, running wildly back and forth across 
the room, until Mr. Welch, becoming alarmed for her safety, 
asked the man to catch and hold her. " I cant't do it," he re- 
plied ; "I have tried it often, but there is no power on earth that 
can hold her. You may try, if you want to." Availing himself 
of the privilege thus granted, Mr. Welch awaited his opportuni- 
ty, and suddenly tripping her feet from under her, he laid her 
gently on the pallet. But immediately she began to whirl over 
and over, and rolling herself in the pallet, seemed as if she would 
tear it into shreds. Seeing that nothing could be done with her 
in her wild condition, Mr. Welch requested the man to blow out 
the light, and they all retired to bed again. In a few minutes the 
girl became quiet and fell asleep, and they heard nothing more 
from her during the remainder of the night. But the incident 
made so deep an impression on the minds of the travelers that 
they never forgot it. 

The jerks usually made a deep and lasting impression upon the 
minds of those who beheld them, and a revival of religion gener- 
ally followed their appearance in a community ; though the intel- 
ligent reader will fail to see any connection between such absurd 
freaks of nature and religion. We can vouch for the truth of the 
incidents here recorded, but shall not presume to give a reason 
for them. The reader can do that for himself. It has been more 
than twenty years since a case of genuine j.erks was witnessed, and 
it is to be presumed that no one regrets their disappearance. 
Shouting and clapping of hands, and other exciting demonstra- 
tions of some sort of emotion — whether religious or otherwise we 
cannot say — are still occasionally witnessed at rural camp-meet- 
ings, and among the colored people, but they do not, in any man- 
ner, resemble the jerks, which made such a sensation during the 
first part of the, present century. The diffusion of knowledge, and 
the consequent banishment of superstition, have taught people to 
worship their Creator in a more reasonable and becoming manner, 
and it is not probable that another case of the jerks will ever be 


The pioneers of Missouri, as previously stated, were not a law- 
less or vicious class of people, but, nevertheless, some sort of a' 
government was required to restrain the reckless characters 
that lived in the country. When the territory came into posses- 
sion of the United States, one of the most intelligent and influen- 
tial men in each community was appointed Justice of the Peace, 
before whom all transgressors were tried and all legal disputes 
adjusted. Very few of these men knew anything about law, and 
some of their decisions and legal documents would be regarded as 
curiosities in these modern times. But if they knew but little 
law, they understood the meaning of justice, and their decisions 
did not often miss the mark. 

As there were no jails to confine offenders in, breaches of the 
peace, thefts, and other light misdemeanors were punished by 
fines, or if flagrant in character, by whipping. The fines were 
generally paid with furs and peltry, which were sold for the bene- 
fit of the government ; but where whipping was the penalty, it 
was administered in a summary manner, and the offender was 
permitted to go about his business as though nothing unusual had 
occurred. On one occasion a man who had stolen a hog was 
taken before Daniel Boone for examination. His trial and the 
infliction of the punishment occupied half an hour, and while re- 
turning home he was met by an acquaintance, who inquired how 
he had come out. "Eh gad! whipped anc? cleared," was his la- 
conic reply. In those days when men fell out and fought, they 
never thought of taking their cases into court, but the one who 
got whipped yielded with as good a grace as he could command, 
to the superior strength or dexterity of his antagonist, and, after 
taking a drink and shaking hands in token of friendship, let the 
matter drop until he got an opportunity to pay off his score with 

But few murders were committed, and generally the murderer 
made his escape, and was never heard of again ; for if he remained 
in the community he was almost certain to be killed by the friends 
of the man he had murdered, even if he escaped immediate lynch- 


We give below a literal copy of the first indictment found in St. 
Charles county, by the first American grand jury that sat under 
the I'nited States government, in the territory of Louisiana. It 
was signed by twelve men, all of whom, except the foreman, had 
to make their marks, being unable to write. It will be seen from 
the wording of the instrument that considerable eff'ort was made 
to give it a legal and solemn sound, in order, no doubt, that it 
might make a deep impression on the minds of all concerned. It 
reads as follows : 

" That one James Davis, late of the District of St. Charles, in 
the Territory of Louisiana, Laborer, not having the fear of God 
before his eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation 
of the Devil, on the 13th day of December, in the year of our 
Lord one thousand eight hundred and four (1804)," at a place 
called Femme Osage, in the said District of St. Charles, with 
force and arms, in and upon William Hays, in the peace of God 
and the United States, there and then being Feloniously, wilfully, 
and with his malice aforethought, did make an assault, and 
that the said James Davis, with a certain rifle gun, four feet long, 
and of the value of five dollars, then and there loaded and charged 
with gun powder and one leaden bullet, with said rifle gun the 
Jiiaid James Davis, then and there in his hands had and held, fired 
and killed William Hays." 

Davis gave bond in the sum of $3,000 for his appearance at 
court, and Daniel Boone went his security. He stood his trial 
and was cleared. 

As the country settled up and the population increased, the num- 
ber of civil suits grew larger, and people began to feel the need of 
educated attorneys. At first a few pettifoggers, possessing a little 
iearning and vast pretensions, were imported from other localities, 
and they came expecting to have everything their own way, and 
to astonish the natives by their profundity. But they soon found 
themselves eclipsed by the practical, common-sense backwoods- 
men, and very naturally settled down to their proper places. 
There were others, however, who possessed fine talents and a lib- 
eral amount of learning, and these were respected by the people, 
and sooned gained a large influence. Among the first prominent 
attorneys was Edward Hempsted, an unlettered man, but' one 
who possessed strong sense and a fine talent for special pleading 
He had a shar^D, fierce, and barking manner of speaking, which 
had a great effect upon jurors, and generally awed them into acqui- 
escence with his own views. His style became very popular, and 



was widely imitate'l by young attorneys. At the head of the pro- 
fession stood Col. Thomas H. Benton, whose fame afterward ex- 
tended-over the whole country, and who represented Missouri for 
thirty years in the U. S. Senate. One who knew him in the early 
days of his practice here, thus described him: ''He is acute, 
labored, florid, rather sophomorical, but a man of strong sense. 
There flashes 'strange fire' from his eye, and all that he does 
*smells of the lamp. ' " 

Edward Bates also became prominent at an early day, and he 
was probably the most learned of any of the lawyers of that time. 
He was a classical scholar, and exhibited the fruits of his attain- 
ments in his arrangement and choice of language. His manners 
were gentlemanly and pleasing, and his language concise and to 
the point; but these were often thrown away upon the jury in a 
region where noise and flourish were sometimes mistaken for 
sense and reason. 

Unlimited puffing was resorted to then as now, and with like 
success. The man who could make the finest show and induce 
the greatest number of people to talk about him, in the right way, 
generally won fame and distinction, and became the leader of his 
portion of the country. But these things gradually passed away 
as the country became more enlightened, and men were esteemed 
for their real worth and integrity rather than for shallow display 
and great pretensions, unsupported by genuine merit. 


Owing to the exposed position of Missouri, and the thinness of 
the population, it suffered severely from the eflJects of Indian hos- 
tility a short time previous to and during the wsr of 1812. The 
celebrated Tecumseh, doubtless the most accomplished and cour- 
ageous Indian chief that ever lived, endeavored to engage all the 
Indi|in nations in a common cause against the Americans ; but al- 
though he gave the signal by commencing warlike operations on 
the Wabash, the Missouri Indians continued for sometime to give 
proofs of peaceful intentions. But large presents were continu- 
ally made by the. British agents, and every argument used to in- 
duce them to lake up :hc tomahawk. The}', however, remained 

'^2 PioNKER fa:\iiliks of MISSOURr 

quiet, with tlie exception of a few murders and thefts committed 
by hunting parties in remote settlements, until the summer of 
1811, when they committed some outrages in the settlements in 
St. Charles district, and on Salt river. Gen. Clark, who had 
command of the department, made every exertion to detect the 
murderers, but as the American force was not yet organized, it 
proved unavailing. During the winter of 1811-12 murders be- 
came more frequent, and the people began to experience the 
dreadful effects of an Indian war. Fi'om Fort Madison to St. 
Charles men, women and children were butchered by tiie savages 
and their habitations consigned to the flames. Orders were sent 
to Colonel Kibby, who commanded the militia of St. Charles, to 
call out a portion of his men, and the Governor himself immedi- 
ately left for that district. Upon his arrival there he organized a 
company of rangers, consisting of the most hardy woodsmen, who, 
by rapid movements, scoured the country in all directions. With 
these, and the aid of a small detachment of troops from Bellefon- 
taine, under command of Lieutenant Mason, he was enabled to 
afford some degree of protection to the distressed inhabitants. 

Early in May, 1812, a grand convocation of chiefs met in St. 
Louis, for the purpose of accompanying Gen. Clark to Washing- 
ton City, a plan which was thought would have a good effect. 
The Little Usages, Sacs, Reynards, Shawnees, and Delawares 
were represented by their chiefs, and after their departure for the 
national capitol there was a visible decrease in the number of out- 
rages for a considerable time. But Tecumseh and his brother, 
the Prophet, were becoming more and more popular among the 
Indians ; and so long as this was the case, no favorable termina- 
tion of the contest could be expected. On the 26th of June, 1812, 
a council was held between the following Indian nations, under 
the direction of Tecumseh and the Prophet, viz : the Winneba- 
goes, Pottawatamies, Kickapoos, vShawnees, Miamies, Wild Oats, 
Sioux, Ottos, Seas, Foxes, and lowas. A large majority of these 
tribes were in favor of war, and upon the return of their chiefs to 
their vai'ious nations, active hostilities were commenced all along 
the frontier. Murders and other outrages soon became frequent 
in the vicinity of St. Charles, Portage des Sioux, and Fort 

In the spring of 181-1 a garrison was established at Prairie du 
Chien, for the purpose of restraining the movements of the In- 
dians, and preventing as far as possible their raids upon the set- 


tlements. Bui inobt of the men who composed this garrison had 
been enlisted for onl}' sixty days, and when their time expired 
they returned home, leaving onl}' about one hundred men to guard 
the fort. As this post was too important to be abandoned, it was 
determined to send a reinforcement at once, and Lieutenant Camp- 
bell was dispatched, with forty-two regulars and sixty-five rangers. 
in three keel-boats, accompanied by a fourth belonging to the 
sutler and contractor, to the relief of the garrison. The rangers 
were commanded by Lieutenants Rector and Riggs, the latter of 
whom was subsequently with Captain Callaway at the time of his 
defeat and death at Loutre creek, in Montgomerj' county. Thej' 
reached Rock river, within 180 or 200 miles of their destination, 
without an accident, or any incident worthy of mention ; but as 
soon as they entered the rapids thej' were visited by large num- 
bers of Sacs and Foxes, who pretended to be peaceably inclined. 
The officers were deceived by their friendlj' overtures, and were 
thus led unsuspectingly into the catastrophe which followed. The 
boat belonging to the sutler and contractor had arrived near the 
head of the rapids, and proceeded on its course, having on board 
the ammunition, with a sergeant's guard ; the rangers in their 
boats followed, and were about two miles in advance of Lieuten- 
ant Campbell and his regulars, whose boat had grounded within a 
few 3'ards of a high bank, covered with a thick growth of grass 
and willows. The wind being very high, rendered the boat un- 
manageable, and the commander deemed it advisable to remain 
until it abated. Sentinels were sent on shore and stationed at 
proper intervals, while several of the men began to prepare break- 
fast. In a few minutes the report of guns announced an attack, 
and at the first fire all the sentinels were killed. The rest of the 
men on shore started for the boat, where their guns were, but be- 
fore they could reach it fifteen out of thirty were killed or wound- 
ed. In a few minutes from five to seven hundred warriors were 
assembled among the willows on the bank, within a few yards of 
the bow and stern of the boat, and with loud yells and whoops 
they commenced a tremendous fire. The men on the boat, un- 
daunted by the loss of their companions, the overpowering num- 
bers of the foe, or the suddenness of the attack, cheered lustily, 
and returned the fire from their rifles and a small swivel which they 
had on board. At this critical juncture, Lieutenants Rector and 
Riggs saw the smoke, and, judging that an attack had been made, 
turned their course and pulled down stream as rapidly as possible, 


to the relief of their comrades. Rtggs' boat ran aground about a 
hundred yards below Campbell's, and Rector, to avoid a similar 
misfortune, and to preserve himself from a raking fire, anchored 
abovei A brisk fire from both boats was immediately opened upon 
the Indians, but as the latter were under cover, but little execu- 
tion was done. The unequal contest lasted for more than an 
hour, when Campbell's boat was discovered to be on fire, and in 
order to save the men. Rector cut his cable and falling alongside 
of the burning boat took the men on board. Finding that it was 
impossible to withstand the overwhelming numbers which 
were opposed to them, a retreat was ordered, and the boats 
fell away from the shore to a safe distance. The Americans lost 
twelve killed and between twenty and thirty wounded. The ex- 
pedition was abandoned, and about the same time the garrison at 
Prairie du Chien sui*rendered to the British. 

In the meantime the American settlers north of the Missouri 
river, perceiving the approaching storm, had taken measures for 
their own defence. Several companies of rangers had been organ- 
ized, who remained on the borders of the settlements and con- 
stantly scoured the country in all directions. As soon as Indian 
•' signs" were discovered, the alarm would be given to the peo- 
ple, who would prepare themselves against surprise or attack. 
Stout wooden forts were erected at various points, in which the 
people would take shelter as soon as an alarm was given, and re- 
main there until the danger was over. These forts were located 
in the following order : 

Daniel M. Boone's Fort, in Darst's Bottom, which was the larg- 
est and strongest of the entire list. Howell's Fort, on Howell's 
Prairie. Pond Fort, on Dardennc Prairie, a short distance south- 
east of the present town of Wentzville. White's Fort, on Dog 
Prairie. Kount/' Fort, on the Booneslick road, eight miles west 
of St. Charles. Zumwalt's Fort, near the present town of O'Fal- 
lon. Castlio's Fort, near Howell's Prairie. Tliese were all within 
the present limits of St. Charles county, and a glance at the map 
will show their positions. Kennedy's Fort was located near the 
present town of Wright City, in Warren county. Callaway's Fort 
was near the IMissouri river, at the French village of Charrette, a 
short distance from the present towii of Marthasville. The site of 
this fort and village has long since been washed away by the river. 
Woods' Fort was where Tro}', in Lincoln county, now stands, and 
was so far out on the frontier that it was abandoned before the 



war closed. Clark's Fort was four miles southeast of Troy, aud 
Howard's Fort near the present site of Cap-au-Gris. Fort Clemi- 
son stood on Loutre Island, in the present limits of Warren coun- 
ty. It was also abandoned, being too remote from the main set- 
tlements. In addition to these, there was a fortification at the 
French village of Cotesansdessein in what is now Callaway county ; 
and the settlements at Boone's Lick, in the present limits of How- 
ard county, were also protected in like manner. These were 
separated from the other settlements, and depended upon their 
own resources for protection, being too remote to admit of com- 

These forts were all built after the same general plan, viz: In 
the form of a parallelogram, with block-houses at the four corners, 
and the intervening spaces filled with log cabins and pali- 
sades. They would not have withstood the fire of artillery'', but 
afforded ample protection against rifles and muskets. None of 
them, however, were ever attacked by the Indians, for their num- 
ber and convenient locations, with the constant watchfulness of 
the rangers, afforded the savages no opportunity of doing any 
very serious damage. 

The most serious calamity that befel the settlers during the In- 
dian war, was the defeat of Captain James Callaway and a portion 
of his company, and the death of their leader, at Loutre creek, 
near the line of Montgomery and Callaway counties. Captain 
Callaway was a son of Flanders Callaway, and grandson of Daniel 
Boone, and being distinguished for his intelligence, fortitude and 
courage, was elected to the command of a company of rangers at 
the commencement of the difficulties, and up to the time of his 
death was one of the most efficient, active, and daring scouts that 
the country afforded. 

Inasmuch as Captain Callaway occupied a prominent position 
in the affairs of the country at that period, and many of his rela- 
tives are still living, we insert the following sketch of his life, pub- 
lic services, and death, as given by his sister, Mrs. Susannah 
Howell, corroborated by Mr. William Keithley and Rev. Thomas 
Bowen, all of whom are still living (1875). (Keithley and Bowen 
were members of Callaway's company, though not present at the 
time of his death. ) 

James Callaway, eldest son of Flanders Callaway and Jemima 
Boone, was born in Lafayette county, Kentucky, September 13, 
1783. He received a liiieral education for that period, and in 


1798 came with his parents to Upper Louisiana, where he remain- 
ed a short time, and then returned to Kentucky to complete his 

Having finished his course, he came west again, and on the 9th 
of Ma}', 1805, he married Nancy Howell. After his marriage he 
built a cabin and settled near the northwest corner of Howell's 
Prairie, in St. Charles county, on a small stream which he named 
Kraut Eun. Three children resulted from this marriage — Thomas 
H., Wm. B., and Theresa. 

Captain Callaway is described as a tall man, with black hair and 
eyes, high forehead, prominent cheek bones, and erect as an In- 
dian, but very bow-legged. He was more than usually kind and 
affectionate toward his family, by whom he was devotedly loved ; 
and his intelligence and strict integrity as a man gave him the 
confidence, respect and friendship of all his neighbors. 

He served as deputy sheriff of St. Charles count}- for several 
years, under Capt. Murriiy, and in 1813 he raised his first company 
of rangers for service against the Indians. This company was com- 
posed of the following named men, as shown by the muster roll, 
which is still preserved : 

Captain, James Callaway ; First Lieutenant, Prospect K. Rob- 
bins ; Second Lieutenant, John B. Stone ; First Sergeant, Laikin 
S. Callaway ; Second Sergeant, John Baldridge ; Third Sergeant, 
Wm. Smith; Cornett, Jonathan Riggs ; Trumpeter, Thomas 
Howell. Privates — Frank McDermid, John Stewart, John At- 
kinson, Robert Fruit, Francis Howell, Joseph Hinds, Richard 
Berry, Thomas Smith, Adam Zumwalt, Enoch Taylor, Aleck 
Baldridge, Lewis Crow, Benjamin Howell, Anthony C. Palmer, 
Daniel Hays, Boone Hays, Adam Zumwalt, Jr., John Howell, 
and James Kerr. 

This company was enlisted for a term of only a few months, 
and Captain Callaway organized several others before his death. 
The roll of his last company was in his possession when he was 
killed, and it was lost, but from the memory of old citizens we 
are enabled to give a pretty correct list of the names of the men, 
as follows : 

Captain, James Callaway ; First Lieutenant, David Bailey, 
Second Lieutenant, Jonathan Riggs. Privates — James McMul- 
lin, Hiram Scott, Frank McDermid, Wm. Keithley, Thomas Bow- 
man, Robert Baldridge, James Kennedy, Thomas Chambers, 
Jacob Groom, Parker Hutchings, — Wolf, Thomas Gilmore, 

raDIAN WAR 97 

John Baldridge, Joshua Deason, James Murdock, Wm. Kent, and 
John K. Berry. We have been particular in giving the names of 
thesemen, because their descendants, and a fewof tlie men them- 
selves, are still living in the country they helped to defend. 

Early in the morning of the 7th of March, 1815, Captain Calla- 
way, with Lieutenant Riggs and fourteen of the men, viz : Mc- 
MuUin, Scott, McDermid, Robert and John Baldridge, Hutching?, 
Kennedy, Chambers, Wolf, Gilmore, Deason, Murdock, Kent and 
Berry — left Fort Clemson, on Loutre Island, in pursuit of a party 
of Sac and Fox Indians who had stolen some horses from settlers 
in the vicinity. They swam Loutre slough on their horses, and 
followed the Indian trail, which led them up the west bank of the 
main stream. (Loutre slough runs from west to east, parallel 
with the Missouri river, from which it flows, and into which it 
empties again, at a distance of seven or eight miles below. Loutre 
creek flows from northwest to southeast, and empties into the slough 
at nearly right angles. ) The trail being vexy plain, they had no dif- 
ficulty in pursuing it, and they made rapid progress. Reaching 
Prairie Fork, a branch of Loutre, they swam it on their horses, a 
distance of seventy-five yards above where it empties into Loutre 
creek. It was now about noon, and feeling sure that they were 
not far in the rear of the Indians, they advanced with caution, in 
order to avoid surprise. About two o'clock in the afternoon, and 
about twelve miles from where they had crossed Prairie Fork, they 
came upon the stolen horses, secreted in a bend of Loutre creek, 
and guarded by only a few squaws. These fled upon the 
approach of the rangers, and the latter secured the horses without 
further trouble. They were not molested in any manner, and not 
a sign of an Indian warrior could be seen anywhere, although the 
appearance of the trail had proven 'conclusively that the party 
numbered from eighty to one hundred. These circumstances 
aroused the suspicions of Lieutenant Riggs, and obtaining the con- 
sent of his Captain, he reconnoitered the locality thoroughly be- 
fore they started on their return. No signs of Indians could be 
discovered ; still his suspicions were not allayed, but on the con- 
trary, they were increased, and he suggested to Callaway that it 
would be dangerous to return by the route they had followed in 
the morning, as the savages were evidently preparing an ambus- 
cade for them. Captain Callaway was an experienced Indian 
fighter, and as wary as he was brave, but on this occasion he did 
not allow himself to be governed by his better judgment. He 


declared that he did not believe there were half-a-dozen Indians in 
the vicinity, and that he intended to return to the fort by the 
same route they had come. 

Seeing that further expostulation was useless, Riggs said nothing 
more at the time ; and the rangers were soon in the saddle and on 
the march for the fort. 

Upon reaching a suitable place, about a mile from the mouth of 
Prairie Fork, they stopped to let their horses rest, and to refresh 
themselves with a lunch. Riggs availed himself of the opportu- 
nity, and again represented to the Captain the danger they were 
incurring. He anticipated an attack at the crossing of the creek, 
and entreated Callaway, for the sake of the lives of the men, to 
at least avoid that point. He showed that the Indians would 
have all the advantages on their side ; they outnumbered the rangers 
three to one, were not encumbered with horses, and would, no 
doubt, fire upon them from their concealment behind trees and 
logs, where the fire could not be successfully returned. 

But Callaway, instead of heeding the good advice of his Lieu- 
tenant, flew into a passion, and cursed him for a coward. He 
declared, also, that he would return the way he had come if he had 
to go alone. 

Riggs said nothing more, but reluctantly followed his Captain 
into what he felt sure was almost certain death. 

Hutchings, McDermid, and McMuUin were in advance, leading 
the stolen horses, while Callaway, Riggs, and the rest of the com- 
panj^ were fifty or a hundred j^ards in the rear. 

The three men in advance, upon reaching Prairie Fork, plunged 
their horses into the stream, which was swollen from recent rains, 
and were swimming across, when they were fired upon by the en- 
tire body of Indians, concealed on both sides of the creek. They 
were not harmed by the first volley, but succeeded in reaching 
the opposite shore, where they were killed. 

At the first sound of firing, Callaway spurred his horse 
forward into the creek, and had nearly reached the opposite shore, 
when he was fired upon. His horse was instantly killed, while he 
received a slight wound in the left arm, and escaped immediate 
death only by the ball lodging against his watch, which was torn 
to pieces. He sprang from his dead horse to the bank, and 
throwing his gun into the creek, muzzle down, he ran down the 
stream a short distance, then plunged into the water and com- 
menced swimming, when he was shot in the back of the head, the 


ball passing through and lodging in the forehead. His body- 
sank immediately, and was not scalped or mutilated by the 

In the meantime Lieutenant Riggs and the rest of the men were 
hotly engaged, and forced to retreat, fighting as they went. 
Several were wounded, but none killed. They could not tell 
what execution was done among the Indians. Scott and Wolf 
became separated from the main body, and the former was killed. 
Wolf escaped to the fort, and was the first to bring the news 
of the disaster, which he greatly exaggerated, supposing himself 
to be the only one who had escaped death. 

Riggs and the men under him fell back about a mile, and turn- 
ing to the right, crossed Prairie Fork about the same distance 
above its mouth, and making a wide circuit, escaped, without 
further molestation, to the fort. 

The following day a company of men returned to the scene of 
the fight for the purpose of burying the dead. The bodies of 
Hutchings, McDermid, and McMuUin, had been cut to pieces, and 
hung on surrounding bushes. The remains were gathered up and 
buried in one grave, near the spot where they were killed. It is 
said that Hutchings and McDermid, shortly before their deaths, 
had a bitter quarrel, and had agreed to fight it out with rifles 
■as soon as their term of service expired. But their quarrel was 
brought to a sudden and tragic termination without any intei*- 
vention of their own, and now their bodies slumber together in 
the same grave. Thus death ends all animosities. 

Captain Callaway's body was not found until several days after 
his death, when, the water having receded, it was discovered by 
Benjamin Howell, hanging in a bush several hundred yards below 
the scene of the fight. His gun had been recovered several days 
before. It was found standing upright, with the muzzle sticking 
fast in the mud at the bottom of the creek. Lewis Jones swana 
in and brought the gun to the shore, and it fired as readily as if 
it had never been in the water. It had an improved water-proof 
■flint-lock, which water could not penetrate. 

Flanders Callaway, learning of the death of his son, had come 
from St. Charles county with a company of men, to assist in 
searching for the body, and he was present when it was found. 
The body was wrapped in blankets, and buried on the side of an 
abrupt hill overlooking Loutre creek. Several months afterward 



the grave was walled in with rough stones, and a flat slab was laid 
across the head, on which was engraved : 


March 7, 1815. 

The slab had been prepared in St. Charles county, by Tarleton 
Goe, a cousin of the dead ranger. 

The diagram of the battle-field, which we give on this page, 
was drawn on the spot, and presents a correct view of the 

A. The ford, where Callaway was first shot. B. Where he jumped into Prairie Fork 
after he was shot. C. Where his body was found. D. & E. Where the Indians were 
concealed. F. Where Riggs and hie men left the main trail, and crossed Prairie 
Fork at G. H. Grave of Ilutchings, MoDermid and McMullin. I. Callaway's grave. 

Lieutenant Riggs served with distinction during the remainder 
of the war, and afterward became a prominent citizen of Lincoln 
county. He was the first County Judge of that county, and was 
subsequently elected SheriflT. During the Black Hawk war he was 
commissioned Brigadier-General of Volunteers, and afterward 
served as Brigadier-General of militia. He was a daring, but 
cautious and prudent oflScer, and if the unfortunate Callaway had 
listened to his advice, his life and the lives of his men would have 
been spared. 


It is not known for certain whether any of the Indians were 
killed in this battle or not, but one of their chiefs, named Keokuk, 
a man of some distinction, was wounded, and died shortly after. 
He was buried in the prairie, one and one-half miles north- 
east of the present town of Wellsville, in Montgomery county. 
In 1826 his remains were taken up by Dr. Bryan and several 
other gentlemen, and upon his breast was found a large silver 
medal, containing his name, rank, etc. He was evidently 
a giant in stature, for the jaw bone, which, with several other 
bones of the body, are still presei-ved by Mrs. Dr. Peery, of 
Montgomery county, will fit over the face of the largest sized 


The next most important event of the Indian war, was the 
murder of the Ramsey family, which occurred on the 20th of 
May, 1815. 

Robert Ramsey lived about two miles northwest of the present 
town of Marthasville, in Warren county. His family consisted 
of himself, his wife, five children, ^nd a little half-breed Indian 
boy whom they had adopted. Mr. Ramsey was a one-legged 
man, having received a hurt in a fall from a horse, which neces- 
sitated the amputation of one of his limbs, and he wore a wooden 
peg-leg. Their location was considered dangerous, and they had 
been repeatedly warned by the rangers to move to a less exposed 
locality ; but, like most of the people of those days, they regarded 
the Indians with contempt, and had a very poor opinion of their 
bravery and fighting qualities. Ramsey, with his one leg, felt 
competent to whip a score of the red skins, and therefore he paid 
no attention to the repeated warnings of the men who knew 
better than he the dangers to which he and his family were 

The day before the attack on this family, the Indians watched 
the house of Mr. Aleck McKinney, who lived four or five miles 
west of Ramsey's. McKinney's family consisted of only himself 
and wife, and their location, being so far out on the frontier, was 
considered so extremely dangerous that a man was generally de- 
tailed by the rangers to stay with them as a guard. On the day 
referred to, McKinney was plowing a piece of young corn that 
lay between the house and a field of wheat, that was just begin- 
ning to turn ripe. He had two fierce dogs which exhibited signs 
of great distress during the morning, running into the wheat and 


barking fiercely, and then as suddenly running out again, with 
their bristles turned as if they had been close upon some un- 
familiar and frightful object. 

McKinney, becoming uneasy, stopped plowing, and called to a 
ranger named Housley, who was staying with them at the time, 
and who was then engaged in shooting squirrels in a piece of tim- 
ber on the opposite side of the house. Housley soon joined him> 
and the two examined the wheat as closely as they could without 
venturing into it. The dogs continued to exhibit signs of alarm 
and uneasiness, and the men unhitched the horse and went to the 
house, in order to be better prepared for an attack should one be 
made. But no Indians showed themselves. Upon examining the 
wheat sometime afterward, however, the places where six of them 
had lain were discovered, and early next morning news was re- 
ceived of the murder of the Ramsey family by a party of six In- 
dians, supposed to be the same. 

The attack was made about sunrise in the morning. Mrs. Ram- 
sey was in the lot milking the cows, her husband and four of the 
children were in the yard near her, and the other two children — one 
of whom was the little half-breed Indian — had gone to the spring, 
which was some distance from the house, for water. The first in- 
timation of the presence of the Indians was given by the cows. 
They snuffed the air, shook their horns, bellowed, and attempted 
to jump over the lot fence — for the cattle knew and dreaded the 
common enemy. At that instant, with whoops and yells, the In- 
dians dashed out of the woods and rushed forward with uplifted 
tomahawks, intending to brain and tomahawk the whites without 
resorting to the use of their guns. Mrs. Ramsey started to run 
to the house, but was fired upon and mortally wounded ; and just 
as she reached the bars that separated the lot from the yard, an 
Indian, who had run close up to her, aimed his tomahawk at her 
head. She threw herself forward, fell through the open bars, 
escaped the blow that was intended for her, and succeeded in 
reaching the house. Mr. Ramsey, who had not yet put on his 
wooden leg, and could therefore make but slow progress, started 
toward the house upon the first alarm, but was shot and severely 
wounded just as he reached the door. As he fell he reached his 
hand above the door and got a long tin trumpet which was kept 
there, and commenced blowing it. This was understood by the 
Indians as a signal of alarm to the rangers, and they turned and 
fled as suddenly as if they had been fired upon by a body of 


troops. Evei'y family kept a trumpet in those dangerous times, 
to be used when in danger or distress, and its sound never failed 
to bring the rangers, if they were in hearing. The Indians knew 
this, and never delayed after the trumpet, was sounded. 

In the meantime, three of the children had been tomahawked in 
the yard, and one of them, a little girl thirteen years of age, was 
scalped. She lived four days in great agony, when death kindly 
came to her relief. The fourth child, a little thing just able to 
walk, squatted, like a frightened rabbit, in some weeds in the cor- 
ner of the fence, and escaped unhurt. The two children who had 
gone to the spring heard the firing, and knowing what it meant, 
fled to the house of a neighbor, several miles distant, and were 
saved. The half-breed Indian boy, whose name was Paul, lived 
to be past middle age, and is still remembered by citizens of St. 
Charles, where he resided many years. 

A lad named Abner Bryan, a son of Jonathan Bryan, 
was boarding at the house of Jesse Caton (who lived near 
the present site of Marthasville), attending school, and had been 
sent to Ramsey's that morning on some errand. He left only 
a short time before the attack, and no doubt narrowly escaped 
death. Jesse Caton, Jr., a son of the gentleman just men- 
tioned, was hunting some of his father's horses in the woods, 
and while crossing a ravine near Ramsey's house, discovered the 
tracks of the Indians, and immediately afterward the yelling and 
firing commenced at the house. He ran home as quickly as pos- 
sible, and gave the alarm, and several members of the family 
started at once to warn their neighbors. By. eight o'clock the 
news had spread all over the settlements, and a large party of 
armed men were in pursuit of the Indians, while others remained 
to take care of the wounded. Colonel Boone, who was in Calla- 
way's Fort, at Charrette, was sent for to dress' their wounds, his 
long experience in such matters having rendered him very effi- 
cient. The news of the massacre had preceded the messenger, 
and when he arrived at the fort Boone was pacing up and down 
in front of an open space in the stockades, which had not been 
completed, with his gun on his shoulder, and whistling in his usual 
undisturbed manner. 

Mrs. Ramsey gave premature birth to a child, and died shortly 
afterward, but her husband recovered from his wound and lived 
several years. Two of the children who had been tomahawked 
dieil during the day, but the other lived until the fourth day. 


An eye witness, who arrived upon the scene about ten o'clock, 
describes it as most heart-rending. The children were lying upon 
the floor, two of them in the agonies of death, and every time they 
struggled for breath the blood and brains oozed out at the wounds 
made by the murderous tomahawks. Mrs. Ramsey was in an ad- 
joining room, but her groans of agony could be plainly heard. 
Her husband was lying upon a bed in the front room, and Boone 
was engaged in extracting the bullet, which had passed through 
the groin and lodged near the surface on the back of the hip. The 
old pioneer was quiet and unexcited, as usual, but his lips were 
compressed and a fire gleamed from his eyes . that indicated dan- 
ger to any savage that might have come within his reach at that 
time. Strong men, looking upon those murdered children, wept 
and silently vowed vengeance against the inhuman foe. 

Thirty experienced scouts were on the trail of the Indians, and 
their escape seemed almost impossible. After going a short dis- 
tance they separated into three parties, two in each party, 
and then soon divided again, and each pursued his course alone. 
This rendered it difficult to follow the various trails, and necessi- 
tated a division of the pursuers also. At night the Indians came 
together again at a designated point, where they received rein- 
forcements, and on the following day a fight occurred between 
them and a party of rangers from near Howard's Fort. Capt. 
Craig and a few men were in the fort, and Cfpt. Musick and a 
small party were camped two miles distant, on Cuivre river. 
During the day the men at the latter place heard what they sup- 
posed to be wild turkeys "calling," on the other side of the 
river, and Lieutenant McNeice, a Mr. Weber, a Mr. Burnes, and 
one or two others, got into a bark canoe that. lay at the camp and 
crossed over, to see if they could find the turkeys. They pro- 
ceeded along the stream some distance before crossing, and had 
not reached the other shore when they were fired upon by the 
Indians, who were concealed in the woods, and had been imitating 
the "call" of wild turkeys in order to decoy them. McNeice 
and several of the men were instantly killed. Weber, who was 
unhurt, sprang out of the canoe and swam back to a raft in the 
river, where he was followed by a large Indian, who pretended 
that he wanted to be friendly. But looking back he saw another 
Indian swimming toward the raft with a knife in his mouth, and 
knowing that he meant mischief, he sprang into the water and 
dived toward him, drawing his knife from his belt while he 


was ^nder water. He came up by the side of the Indian, and 
stabbod him to the heart, killing him instantly ; and then swam 
some distance to an island, where he climbed a tree, and began 
to call to the men in the fort. They recognized his voice, and 
several men, among whom was "Indian Dixon," the noted scout, 
started to his rescue. They got into a bark canoe and turned it 
toward the island, but had proceeded only a short distance when 
the frail craft capsized. Some of the men swam to the shore, 
and the rest were picked up by Capt. McMann, who came up just 
at that moment with a keel boat loaded with supplies for Fort 
Howard. The following day George Burnes and three French- 
men went in a canoe down to Old Monroe, about a mile and a 
half below the fort, to get a grindstone. On their return they 
stopped in the woods to get some pawpaw bark, to use in stretch- 
ing deer skins ; and while they were peeling it from the bushes, 
they were attacked b}' a party of Indians. Two of the French- 
men were killed instantly, and the third was struck in the back of 
the head with a tomahawk. He ran about one hundred yards 
with the weapon sticking fast in his skull, and then fell dead. 
Burnes escaped, and reached the fort unhurt. Simultaneously 
with their attack upon him and the Frenchmen, the Indians made 
a demonstration against the fort, by showing themselves and 
firing their guns in that direction. One spent ball fell in the 
yard of the fort, and was picked up by Mrs. Frances Riffle. As 
soon as they had discharged their guns the savages withdrew, 
and, after some consultation among the rangers, it was decided to 
follow them. The men of both Craig's and Musick's commands 
joined in the pursuit, which was irregular and without order, each 
man going on " his own hook," as they termed it. The Indians 
took refuge in a sink-hole about half a mile southwest of the fort, 
and fortified themselves behind some rocks that lay at the bot- 
tom. Here they were surrounded by the rangers, and a fight 
was kept up until dark, during which Capt. Craig and his lieuten- 
ant, Stevens, and one man in Captain Musick's company, were 
killed. One Indian was. also killed. The rangers at first 
attempted to advance from tree to tree down the sides of the 
sink-hole, but Craig and Stevens having been killed, without pro- 
ducing any effect upon the Indians, they abandoned that plan, and 
constructed a moveable breastwork upon the wheels of a cart, in- 
tending to push it before them as they advanced upon the 
savages. But it proved ineffectual, being so clumsy that they 


could not guide it around the trees on the steep sides of the sink- 
hole. It was while they were experimenting with this contrivance 
that Capt. Musick's, man was killed. He spoke to a comrade 
near him, saying he intended to shoot an Indian in the mouth, 
and stepping to one side of the breastwork he deliberately took 
aim and fired. At the same moment a flash came from the 
bottom of the sink-hole, and the man fell dead. 

During the day reports had come in, stating that a large body of 
Indians, numbering 800 or 1,000, had crossed the Mississippi riv- 
er from Illinois, and were advancing upon the settlements. These 
reports proved to be false, but they bore evidence of truth, and 
the rangers, deeming it unsafe to remain outside the walls of 
the fort over night, withdrew at the close of the day and left the 
Indians unmolested. Early the next morning they returned to 
the scene of the previous day's fight, and, as thej' expected, 
found that the Indians had disappeared. But on the margin of 
the sink-hole lay the dead ranger, with an Indian, stark and stiff 
in death, sitting astride of his body. It was a singular and re- 
volting spectacle, and was not soon forgotten by those who wit- 
nessed it. This was the only Indian that was killed during the 
fight, but from the amount of blood with which the rocks where 
they lay were sprinkled, the rangers judged that several of them 
had been wounded. They felt that they were in a very close 
place, and were heard frequently during the fight to call on the 
Great Spirit for assistance, promising him that if he would help 
them out of that scrape they would never get into another like it. 

An incident occurred at the fort on the day of the fight that is 
too good to be emitted. When the rangers had decided to follow 
the Indians, after their first assault, one man refused to go, and 
endeavored to screen his cowardice behind the plea that it was 
not safe to leave the women and children unprotected. The 
women declared that they were able to defend themselves, and 
tried to drive the man out of the fort. . But he stubbornly refused 
to go, and flying into a passion, he struck his fist with great 
violence on the top of a pork barrel that stood near him, and 
swore a terrible oath that he could whip any woman or pork bar- 
rel in the fort. His fighting qualities, however, did not extend to 
Indians, and he took care to remain in safe quarters. 

The report that a large body of Indians had crossed the river 
very naturally created great excitement and alarm, and the peo- 
ple of the border settlements, acting upon the advice of the 


rangers, abandoned their homes and fled to the sti'ong forts ui the 
interior, where they were joined by the rest of the inhabitants., 
until the entire population was gathered into one or two of the 
larger forts, principally Daniel M. Boone's Fort in Darst's Bot- 
tom. But in a day or two scouts came in and allayed the fears 
of the people by announcing that the alarming reports which had 
been circulated were entirely without foundation in truth, and that 
there were no hostile Indians near the settlements. So the 
people returned to their homes and resumed their usual occupa- 

This unnecessary fright was the cause of a serious loss to Col. 
Boone. He had been engaged for some time in the preparation 
of his autobiography, undertaken at the earnest and repeated so- 
licitations of his friends, and the work was more than half com- 
pleted. When the fort at Charrette was abandoned, his manu- 
scripts, Bible, and a number of other articles, were placed in a 
pirogue to be conveyed down the river to Boone's Fort. Flan- 
ders Callaway and another man had charge of the craft, and 
while passing down a very swift place in the river, it struck a 
snag and capsized, emptying its contents into the river. Calla- 
way and his companion barely escaped with their lives. Boone 
was a poor scribe, and as writing was very laborious to him, he 
never undertook the task again, and thus many valuable facts- 
connected with his eventful life were lost. 


The village of Cotesansdessein, in Callaway county, was 
settled by some French explorers previous to 1800, and 
was once a thriving place. One of the hardest fights of the In- 
dian war took place there, as well as one of the most remarkable 
exhibitions of courage and fortitude that has been recorded in the 
history of any country. It was an isolated place, situated equi- 
distant between the settlements in S^. Charles district and 
those in the Boone's Lick country, too far from either to expect 
succor in case of an attack. 

At the time of which we write, the little blockhouse at this 
place was occupied by only five persons — a Frenchman named 
Baptiste Louis Roi, two other men, and two women ; but they 
successfully withstood a protracted siege and repelled repeated 
assaults from a numerous and very determined band of Indians. 
The attack, as usual with the savages, commenced suddenly and 
without pi-evious warning ; but the little garrison, with the ex- 


ception of one man, flew to arms, and soon had the satisfaction 
of seeing their red enemies retire in confusion to the cover of 
the woods, carrying several dead bodies with them. One of the 
men, observing how greatly the Indians outnumbered them, be- 
came panic-stricken at the commencement of the attack, and 
devoted himself to fervent prayer and humble penitence through- 
out the siege, leaving his companions and the women to fight the 
savages. The women, the wife and sister-in-law of Roi, lent 
efficient and indispensable aid to the two soldiers. At the com- 
mencement of the attack, they were but jjoorly supplied with 
bullets, but while the men were firing, the women busied them- 
selves moulding balls and cutting patches, so as to keep up the 
defense in a steady and uninterrupted manner. Fourteen of the 
Indians had been killed, and many more wounded ; when at last, 
becoming desperate under their severe punishment, they made a 
combined assault upon the blockhouse, but were driven back iii 
disorder, with the loss of several more of their warriors. 
The assault was repeated two or three times, but always with a 
similar result. Finding they could not carry the fort by storm or 
siege, they resorted to the use of fire. Fastening combustible 
materials to their arrows, they were ignited and then shot into 
the roof of the blockhouse ; but as often as this was done the 
women extinguished the fire by a judicious use of the little water 
they had within the building. The blockhouse stood near the 
river bank, but the garrison was too weak to risk a single life by 
going after the precious liquid, and they watched with appalling 
interest the rapid decrease of their scanty stock. Each new 
blaze was heralded with demoniac yells from the assailants ; 
and at last the water was exhausted — the last drop in the last, 
bucket had been used ! The next instant the roof over their heads 
was in a blaze, and despair stamped itself upon the features of 
the devoted little band. But at this critical moment one of the 
women produced a gallon of milk, and the flames were again 
extinguished. Soon another shower of blazing arrows fell 
upon the roof, and it was soon on fire again. Roi and his brave 
comrade looked silently at each other, and then glanced sorrow- 
fully toward their wives. They felt that their time had come, 
and well they knew the fate worse than , death that awaited the 
loved ones should they fall into the hands of the infuriated sav- 
ages. For a moment Mrs. Roi disappeared in an adjoining room, 
and when she came out again, her face was lighted up with a 


smile of triumph. In her hands she held a vessel, familiar in all 
bed-chambers, that contained a fluid more valuable now than 
gold. Again the fire was extinguished, and then the little garri- 
son sent forth a shout of exultation and defiance. Three times- 
more the roof was set on fire, but each time the mysterious vessel 
supplied the needed liquid, and the flames were extinguished. At 
last, the Indians finding themselves baffled at every turn, scream- 
ed a bitter howl of rage and resentment, and withdrew. But 
before leaving the settlement, they collected a dozen small ket- 
tles, and having broken them in pieces, they piled them around a 
large unbroken one, as a sigh to otber savages who might follow 
in their trail, that one white man had slain many of their braves. 

At the commencement of the war, a man named O'Neil was 
living on King's Lake, in Lincoln county. His family consisted 
of himself, his wife, two sons, two daughters, and an orphan 
child two years old, that his wife had adopted. Their position 
was very much exposed, being upon the very outskirts of the set- 
tlements, and they very naturally felt some apprehension in re- 
gard to an attack. One day O'Neil went to the house of a neighbor, 
some distance from where he lived, to consult with him in regard 
to a definite plan of defence, and upon his return home the man- 
gled remains of his murdered wife and children met his horrified 
vision. During his absence the Indians had crossed the river on 
the ice and murdered his entire family. The little orphan child 
had endeavored to escape by secreting itself in the chimney, but 
the heat drove it out, and the inhuman monsters seized it and 
threw it into a large kettle of boiling water that stood upon the 
fire, and there its remains were found by its adopted father upon 
his return to his desolated home. The poor man was nearly crazy 
with grief, but had to submit to the fate which he could not 

One of th^ Indians belonging to this party afterward met a 
death that he richly deserved, and which he brought upon himself 
by his vain boasting. After the close of the war, when a treaty of 
peace with the Indians was being made at Rock Island, there 
was present with the American troops a ranger named McNair, 
who understood the Indian tongue. Some of the savages were 
relating their exploits, and one in particular was telling, with 
great delight, how he had killed and scalped one of the O'Neil 
boys, and how his victim grinned when in the agonies of death. 
McNair, enraged at what he heard, closely watched this Indian, 


determined, as soon as an opportunity presented itself, to kill 
liim, notwitiistanding it would be a gross violation of the treaty 
then in progress, and punishable with death. "I'll make you 
grin, you red devil! " he thought, as he saw the Indian stalking 
about in the midst of his companions. Awaiting his opportunity, 
when the attention of the American officers was engaged, he 
sent a bullet crashing through the brain of the boasting savage, 
and then mounting his horse he escaped before any attempt could 
be made to arrest him. The incident caused great excitement at 
the camp, and came near bringing the treaty to an abrupt and 
hostile termination ; but quiet was finally restored, and the nego- 
tiations proceeded to their termination. But the Indians took 
care not to boast any more in the presence of the rangers. 

The same Indians who murdered the O'Neil family also killed 
several other persons in the vicinity, and then escaped to their 
own country. 

A ranger named David Reeland was wounded in a fight that 
occurred between the Indians and a party of rangers who were 
ascending the Mississippi river on a keel-boat. After he had par- 
tially recovered, he went early one morning to the house of a man 
named Keeley, and while sitting on his horse conversing with the 
latter, he was shot by an Indian who had crept close to them in 
the woods, and instantly killed. Keeley ran into his house, and, 
securing his gun, shot the Indian dead as he was in the act of 
scalping the fallen ranger. During the previous night a party of 
Indians had attacked the house of Mr. Christopher Hostetter, and 
while trying to get into the house one of them fell into a well in 
the yard. His comrades helped him out by means of an Indian 
ladder, which they left in the well, and then, overcome by super- 
stitious fear, they abandoned the attack and departed. 


We are indebted for the following adventures and incidents of 
the Indian War to the editors of the Lincoln County Herald^ who 
are publishing sketches of the early history of that county in their 
excellent paper, and who kindly gave us the use of their files. 

Wood's Fort, where Troy now stands, and the settlement 



around it, were io a state of almost constant siege. Bands of 
Indians were prowling about the country, watching opportunities 
to pick up stragglers who might' fall in their way. Much of the 
time the fort was closely invested, and it was a favorite maneuver 
•of the savages, on dark nights, to gallop their horses up nearly 
ito the walls of the fort, whooping and yelling like a pack of 
demons, fire a few shots, and then disappear- as suddenly as they 
came. This kind of warfare entailed great hardships, privations 
and danger upon the inhabitants, and gave them but few oppor- 
tunities of retaliating upon their enemies. Farming operations 
liad to be abandoned ; but a small patch in the present limits of 
Troy was cultivated by the rangers, when they were at home in 
sufficient numbers to afford a guard, and by this means stai-vation 
was kept from their doors. But provisions were very scarce, and 
children often cried from hunger when there was nothing to 
-satisfy them. The people dressed almost entirely in buckskin. 

The Indians who caused the troubles were principally Sacs and 
Foxes, led by Black Hawk, who afterward became famous as a 
warrior and statesman. This savage chief possessed a most 
remarkable intellect, united with boundless ambition and great 
'Courage and perseverance, and had he possessed the advantages 
of civilization and education, he would have been an ornament to 
the age in which he lived. 

Early in the commencement of the war (about 1813), four 
young rangers, named Hamilton McNair, Peter Pugh, Big Joe 
McCoy and Little Joe McCoy, went from Wood's Fort to Sulphur 
Lick, to hunt deer. (It was Hamilton McNair' s brother who 
killed the Indian at Rock Island after the close of the war.) 
This lick is formed by a spring, strongly impregnated with sul- 
phur, iron, salt, and other minerals, and is Situated about a quar- 
ter of a mile east of North Cuivre, and a mile and a half north 
of Rigg's ford. The place had been settled some time before the 
war ; a cabin had been built and a small patch of ground cleared 
around the spring ; but it was abandoned soon after the com- 
inencementof hostilities. While encamped at the spring, the ran- 
gers were attacked by a party of Indians under Black Hawk. Big 
Joe McCoy, who had gone a short distance into the woods, discov- 
ered the Indians before the attack was made, and immediately se- 
cretied himself. At the commencement of the attack, McNair 
ifled, but was pursued into the old field about one hundred yards 
,from the spring, where he was overtaken and tomahawked. 


Pugh and Little Joe McCoy stood their ground and fought 
desperately. The former screened himself behind his horse, 
and fired only when he was sure of his aim. Four Indians bit 
the dust before his unerring rifle ; but the unequal struggle was 
soon over. The savages rushed in and killed both of the rangers, 
and in revenge for the bloody work done by Pugh, they hacked 
his body in pieces. Big Joe McCoy's hiding place was soon dis- 
covered, and the Indians began to close in upon him. Among 
all the rangers there was none more fleet of foot or active than 
he, and bounding out from his concealment he started in a swift 
run on a direct Une for the fort, with the Indians howHng after 
him. One warrior, more active than his comrades, soon took the 
lead, and held him a tight race for a mile or more. A large oak 
tree had fallen, and its branches lay directly in the path. Without 
swerving in the least, McCoy made a desperate leap and went 
flying clear over the tree top. The Indian stopped and gazed 
in amazement at the retreating form of his white foe, and then 
exclaimed in broken English, "Whoop! heap big jump! Me no 
follow! " and immediately abandoned the pursuit. McCoy's legs 
had re-commenced their office before he touched the ground, and 
he never stopped until he met a party of rangers from the fort, 
who had become alarmed at the prolonged absence of the four 
men, and had started out to seek them. After listening to 
McCoy's story, they hastened on to the scene of the fight, but 
the Indians had disappeared, doubtless having observed their 
approach. The remains of the three men who had been killed 
were collected and buried on the bank of a small ravine near 
where they fell. Many years after their bones became exposed, 
by the washing awaj' of the earth, and they were taken up and 

On another occasion a party of rangers from Wood's and 
Clark's forts crossed the Mississippi below the mouth of Cuivre, 
and attacked the Indians in their own country. Being greatly 
outnumbered they were compelled to retreat, but without the 
loss of any lives. One man, named Isaac White, had both 
thumbs shot off while in the act of discharging his gun. 

In 1803 William McHugh came to Lincoln county, and settled 
near where the present road from New Hope to Cap-au-Gris 
crosses Sandy Creek, on the farm now occupied by B. J. Locke. 
One day during the following summer he sent his three sons, 
James, William and Jesse, mere lads, to hunt the horses, which, 


as usual in those times, were allowed to graze at will in the woods. 
They found the horses about a mile from home, and having 
secured them, started on their return. They were soon joined by 
a famous Indian scout named Dixon, whom the boys, of course, 
regarded with great admiration. They offered him a seat on one 
of their horses, and invited him to go to their father's house and 
remain all night. He gladly accepted the invitation, and mounted 
in front of the youngest boy, a lad ten or twelve years of age ; 
the other two boys riding each a horse. They reached the ford of 
Sandy creek, and stopped to let their horses drink. They had 
barely halted when they were fired upon by a body of Indians 
concealed in the brush near them, and the two elder boys and 
the horses they rode were instantly killed. Dixon's horse, wild 
with fright, sprang up the steep bank of the creek, when the girth 
of the saddle broke and his two riders fell to the ground. But 
springing to their feet, they started on a race for their lives 
while the Indians, yelling frightfully, followed close after them. 
The scout outran the boy, and the little fellow, almost in the 
clutches of the savages, cried out in tones of agonized fright, 
"Oh! Mr. Dixon, don't leave me! " The next instant a murder- 
ous tomahawk sank into his brain, and his cry of terror was 
smothered by the death gurgle. This was a trying moment to 
Dixon. It seemed like base ingratitude tor leave the little fellow 
to his fate, yet the Indians were so numerous that any attempt on 
the part of the scout to resist them, unarmed as he was, would 
have been simply a surrender of his own life into their hands, 
without an}' benefit to the bo3^ The savages pursued him nearly 
a mile, and up to the very fence that surrounded McHugh's yard, 
and then turned and fled. The three murdered boys were buried 
in one grave, on a point near where they fell, their only coffin being 
rude puncheons laid over them, upon which the earth was thrown. 
A leaning white oak marks their grave, as if weeping over their 
cruel and untimely fate. The Indians who committed this deed 
were commanded by Black Hawk himself, and the fact that peace 
existed at the time between the two races, made it one of the 
most dastardly acts that was ever committed. They afterward 
excused themselves by saying that some white men on the Missis- 
sippi river had killed three Indian dogs, and they had come into 
the settlements for revenge, and were satisfied with the killing 
of the three boys. But in truth they were a treacherous, blood- 
thirsty peoi)le, and were governed solely by their hatred of the 


white race, and their instinctive love of cruelty and murder^ 
One morning, after the commencement of active hostilities in 
the year of 1812, a party of men and boys left the fort and went 
to a place known as the Lindsay Lick, to gather greens. Among 
the party were Benjamin Allen, Francis Riffle, Durgee, William 
McHugh, and John Lindsay. After obtaining the greens, they 
started on their return, and had reached McLane's creek, when 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians. Durgee was instantly 
killed, but the rest of the part}^ escaped uninjured. Two bo^-s, 
sons of the man who was killed, sprang into the creek and swam 
across, and concealed themselves in a hollow log. The}' 
were barely pettled in their place of concealment when an In- 
dian jumped upon the log, and stood for some time peering into 
the surrounding woods. The boys could see him plainly through 
a small aperture, and they held their breath to avoid attracting 
his attention. Directly he gave a loud whoop, which made their 
hearts jump into their throats, and then disappeared in the 
woods. As soon as all was quiet on the outside, the fugitives 
crawled out and ran as fast as their legs could carry them in the 
direction of the fort. On the way they saw a party of Indians, 
but eluded them and escaped in safety to the fort. One of these 
boys, named Charles Durgee, lived to be an old man. He set- 
tled near Canton, Mo., built a large mill, and became wealthy. 
He died a few years ' since, much respected for his many good 
qualities as a citizen and a man. 

Mr. Samuel Howell settled in Lincoln county in June, 1827, 
having emigrated from Franklin county, Ga. Soon after he came 
to the county, he and a small party went down to the Mississippi 
for a week's hunt. During the afternoon of the first day, a fine 
buck was killed not far from the camp. The next morning, after 
the others had been gone some time, Mr. Howell took his rifle 
and walked down the river about half a mile. Approaching the 
bank, and happening to look toward the opposite side, he saw an 
Indian shove his canoe into the water and step into it. At that dis- 
tance he appeared to be a very large and powerful man, and Mr. 
Howell watched his movements with a considerable degree of 
interest, for the Indians in the upper country, under the cele- 
brated chief Black Hawk, had begun to be troublesome, and it 
was not known at what time they might make a raid upon the 
white settlements. For several minutes the warrior remained 
motionless, as if listening, and then seating himself, he began to 


ply his paddle, and the canoe sped swiftly up the stream, hugging 
close to the shore as if to screen itself under the overhanging 
bushes. Reaching a point opposite the hunters' camp, it turned 
and made directly across the stream. Mr. Howell, suspecting 
mischief, returned as quickly as he could to the camp, which he 
reached a few minutes in advance of the Indian. The latter was 
unarmed, but advanced directly toward the camp, without show- 
ing by a sign or an expression of his countenance whether he 
meant friendship or enmity. Stepping up to Mr. Howell, he 
grasped his hand and grunted out the usual Indian salutation of 
•"'Howdo?" which was probably all* the English he knew. The 
next instant he snatched the rifle out of Mr. Howell's hand, with 
the same show of rough cordiality, and with a complacent smile 
proceeded to carefully examine every portion of the weapon from 
the muzzle to the breech. Mr. Howell was not sure but that the 
smile meant mischief, and blamed himself severely for allowing 
the gun to be taken from him ; but the movement was so unex- 
pected and sudden that he had not the power to resist it. He 
deemed it prudent, however, not to betray any signs of uneasi- 
ness, but to await further developments. Having finished the 
examination with many evidences of satisfaction, the Indian 
made signs, by taking aim, imitating the noise of the discharge 
of the piece, going through the motions of a wounded deer, and 
then pointing to the skin and the spot where the deer had been 
killed, to show that he had been a witness on that occasion. He 
then handed the rifle back, and with many smiles and nods of 
pleasure and approbation, proceeded to examine the other equip- 
ments of the camp. No harm came of this adventure, but Mr. 
Howell never ceased to regret his carelessness in allowing the 
Indian to snatch his gun. 

Shortly afterward, Mr. Howell went with another hunting party 
to near the mouth of Cuivre river, and while riding out one day, 
they came upon an Indian tent, in the door of which sat a vener- 
able-looking old warrior. On the inside was an old squaw, en- 
gaged in cooking, while a young and very pretty one sat 3. little 
distance from her, on a mat of deer skins. The hunters thought 
she was the most handsome woman they had ever seen, and cast 
many admiring glances toward her, which greatly annoyed her. 
The fire of anger gleamed from her beautiful eyes, but this man- 
ifestation of her displeasure producing no effect, she covered her 
face with a deer skin, and remained covered while the interview 


lasted. The old squaw gave each of the visitors a piece of jerked 
venison, and poured a little salt into the palm of each one's hand. 
The venison had been dried in the sun, was very hard, and did 
not have the appearance of being extra clean ; but politeness de- 
manded that they should eat it. The longer they chewed it, the* 
larger it seemed to get, and they were compelled either to gulp it 
do^n or spit it out, and most of them finally chose the latter 
alternative. The old warrior related, in broken English, and by 
signs, how the Indians often caught great numbers of deer by driv- 
iiig them into the overflowed bottoms and drowning them ; and the 
hunters were incHned to believe, from the taste and smell of the 
venison they were trying to eat, that the red men were not always 
in a hurry about dressing their meat after it had been secured. 

The Sioux Indians were allowed to hunt in Lincoln county for 
several years after the Black Hawk war, but they had learned 
discretion from past experience, and gave the white people but 
little trouble. 


A SKETCH of early days in Missouri would not be complete 
without some notice of the terrible earthquakes which occurred 
in the southeastern part of the State in 1811 and 1812. They 
were the most terrible in character of any shocks that have visited 
the North American continent, since its discovery and occupation 
by white people. Numerous slight convulsions had occurred in 
that region before, and the people were so accustomed to them 
that they did not dread them. When they were awakened at the 
dead hour of night by the clatter of furniture in their chambers, 
and the uncertain heaving of the ground under them, they sank 
to rest again, with the drowsy remark, "It is only an earth- 
quake!" But when the terrible shocks of 1811-12 came, they 
left an impression on the minds of those who felt them, and wit- 
nessed the destruction which they wrought, that never could be 
effaced. Whole tracts of land were plunged into the bed of the 
river. The grave-yard at New Madrid was precipitated into the 
bend of the stream. Large lakes of twenty miles in extent, were 
made in an hour, while other lakes were drained of their contents 


by the convulsions which altered the entire face of the country. 
The whole region, to the mouth of the Ohio in one direction, and 
to the St. Francois in the other, including a front of three 
hundred miles, was convulsed to such a degree as to create lakes 
and islands almost without number. In many places the surface 
of the ground was covered with water to the depth of four feet. 
Trees were split in the midst and lashed one with another, until 
they inclined in every direction and in every angle to the earth 
and horizon. The undulations resembled waves, increasing in 
elevation as they advanced, and when they had attained a certain 
fearful height, the earth would burst, and vast volumes of water, 
sand, and coal would be discharged f s high as the tops of trees. 
Many persons were attacked by severe sea-sickness. Whole 
districts were covered with white sand, so as to be uninhabitable. 
Birds lost all power and disposition to fly, and nestled in the 
bosoms of men for protection. A bursting of the earth just 
below New Madrid, arrested the course of the river and caused a 
reflux of its waters, by which many boats were swept out among 
the trees and left upon dry land when the waters receded. 

The shocks were distinguishable into two classes — those which 
had a horizontal motion, and those which moved perpendicularly. 
The latter were attended by explosions and terrible noises, but 
were not so destructive as the former. The general impulse, 
when the shocks commenced, was to run ; but when they reached 
the severest point, locomotion became impossible, and people 
were thrown upon their faces at every step. A gentleman, 
escaping from his house, left nn infant behind, and in attempting 
to climb the steps to rescue it, he was thrown to the ground a 
dozen times. The chasms in the earth extended from the south- 
west to the northeast, and the people observing this, felled the 
tallest trees at right angles across them, and stationed themselves 
upon their trunks. By this means many were saved, for the 
chasms frequently occurred beneath the trees on which they were 
seated. Horses, cattle, and other stock, together with the har- 
yests, were nearly all destroyed. 

After the earthquakes had moderated in violence, the country 
presented a most melancholy appearance. Deep chasms were 
plowed through the earth, trees were thrown down and twisted 
in every imaginable angle and degree, houses were ruined, and 
the whole face of the country was covered with the carcasses of 
dead animals. For some time after the shocks had ceased, the 


people did not dare to build houses, but they passed that winter 
and the succeeding one in booths and lodges of so light a texture 
as not to expose tlie inhabitants to danger in case of their being 
thrown down. They obtained an abundance of provisions, how- 
ever, from the boats which had been wrecked in the vicinity. 
Flour, beef, pork, bacon, butter, cheese, apples, and other articles 
of food were so plentiful that there was no longer any sale for 
them. The face of the country had been so altered by the earth- 
quakes that the boundaries of estates were lost, and much diffi- 
culty was experienced in locating lines. For the relief of the 
suffering people, Congress passed an act, allowing them to locate 
the same amount of land they had possessed previous to the con- 
vulsions, in any part of the territory where lands were not cov- 
ered by prior claims. But most of these claims passed into the 
hands of speculators, and were of but little benefit to those for 
whom they were intended. 

During an interval of the shocks there came a brilliant and 
cloudless evening, in which the western sky, undimmed by a 
single cloud, was in a continual glare of vivid flashes of light- 
ning, from below the horizon. It was afterward remarked that 
these singular phenomena occurred at the same time with the 
fatal earthquake at Carraccas, in South America, and the people 
supposed that the flashes and subterranean thunder were parts of 
that terrible event. 


There are abundant evidences to prove that this Western coun- 
try, and in fact nearly the entire continent of America, was, at 
some remote period of the world's history, thickly populated with 
a comparatively'^ enlightened race of people. • The burial mounds 
along the rivers and water courses, and on benches overlooking 
fertile valleys that were formerly the beds of lakes or rivers, are 
filled with human bones and strange relics of an extinct race. 
Some of these mounds present evidences of great labor in their 
construction, and the same general features which characterize 
them show that they were erected by one nation of people, for 
one general purpos'e. Specimens of earthenware, silver and cop 


per ornaments, ancient weapons, skeletons and bodies in a partial 
state of preservation have been taken from tliem in large numbers. 
Those ancient people were an entirely different race from the In- 
dians, and lived at such a remote period that not the slightest tra- 
dition in reference to them has ever been found among even the 
most intelligent aboriginal tribes. The}^ were small in stature, and 
were evidently inclined to the pursuits of peace rather than of 
war. They had large cities, and a comparatively dense popula- 
tion, by whom the arts and sciences were cultivated, and the earth 
made to bring forth its fruits for their subsistence. A large cem- 
etery was discovered at an early day on the Meramec river, in 
St. Louis county, from which many partially preserved skeletons 
were exhumed. They had been buried in stone coffins, and in 
some instances the bones were nearly entire. The length of the 
bodies was determined by that of the coffins, and they averaged 
from three feet and a half to four feet. In Tennessee two bod- 
ies were found in a limestone cavern, and neither of them exceed- 
ed four feet in height. The teeth were separated by considerable 
intervals, and were small, long, white, and sharp. The hair 
seemed to have been sandy, or inclined to yellow. Great pains 
had been taken to preserve the bodies, and much labor had been 
expended in making the funeral robes in which they were folded. 
Two splendid blankets, woven with the most beautiful feathers of 
the wild turkey, arranged in regular stripes and compartments, en- 
circled them. The cloth on which these feathers were woven, was 
a kind of linen of neat texture, something like that which is made 
from the fibres of the nettle. One of these persons, a female, had 
evidently died from the effects of a blow on the skull, as the 
marks of the coagulated blood could still t)e traced, where the 
blow fell, when the body was exhumed. The skulls and face 
bones of all the mound builders are of a peculiar shape, somewhat 
resembling the head of a squirrel or fox, and very small ; the face 
and chin protruding, the forehead narrow and retreating. There 
are evidences to show that this pigmy race of people lived cotem- 
poraneously with the mastodon, that immense antediluvian animal 
which has been extinct for unnumbered centuries. 

The pottery which has been taken from the mounds is unbaked, 
the glazing is incomplete, and it presents evidences of having been 
moulded by hand. A drinking cup, taken from a mound in St. 
Charles county, is thus described by the gentleman who owned it : 
" It was smooth, well moulded, and of the color of common grey 


stoneware. It had been rounded with great care, and yet, from 
slight indentations on the surface, it was manifest that it had been 
wrought in the palm of the hand. It would contain about two 
quarts, and had been used to hold animal oil ; for it had soaked 
through and varnished the external surface. Its neck was that of 
a squaw, known by the clubbing of the hair, after the Indian fash- 
ion. There seemed to have been an attempt at wit in the outlet. 
It was the horrible and distorted mouth of a savage, and in drink- 
ing you would be obliged to place your lips in contact with those 
of madam, the squaw." 

What became of the mound builders is a question that will prob- 
ably never be settled. That they were exterminated by a strong- 
er and more warlike race, there is but little doubt; but, then, 
who were their destroyers, and what, in turn, became of them? 
They were certainly not our modern Indians or their progenitors, 
for in that case some tradition of so great a conquest would have 
remained among them. When we contemplate this subject the 
mind runs far back into the misty realms of imagination, and is 
not satisfied. It is an insoluble mystery, which only eternity can 
unravel. One who studied the subject long and earnestly, and 
assisted his studies by personal observation, says: " Here must 
have been a race of men on these charming plains, that had every 
call from the scenes that surrounded them, to contented existence 
and tranquil meditation. Unfortunate, as men view the thing 
they must have been. Innocent and peaceful they probably were ; 
for had they been reared amidst wars and quarrels, like the pres- 
ent Indians, they would doubtless have maintained their ground, 
and their postei'ity would have remained to this day. Beside them 
moulder the huge bones of their cotemporary beasts, which must 
have been thrice the size of the elephant. * * * The unknown 
race to which these bones belonged, had, I doubt not, as many 
projects of ambition, and hoped as sanguinely to have their names 
survive, as the great of the present day." 




The County, or District of St. Charles, as it was originally call- 
ed, had no definite limits. It extended from the Missouri river 
on the south, to the British possessions on the north ; and from 
the Mississippi river on the east to the Pacific Ocean on the west. 
It retained these dimensions until 1816, when Howard county was 
cut off from the western part of St. Charles, and organized into a 
separate municipality. Cedar creek, which now forms the east- 
ern boundary of Boone county, was established as the line be- 
tween St. Charles and Howard. In December, 1818, Montgom- 
ery and Lincoln counties were organized, and St. Charles was re- 
duced to its present dimensions. 

In 1818 the people of the Territory of Missouri petitioned Con- 
gress for authority to form a State government, and a bill was ac- 
cordingly introduced during the session of 1818-19; but it con- 
tained a clause prohibiting slavery, and, though it passed the 
House, it was rejected by the Senate. At the ensuing ses- 
sion the bill was again brought up, and a lengthy and exciting de- 
bate took place, lasting several weeks. A compromise was finally 
effected, by which it was agreed that slavery should be tolerated 
in Missouri, but in no other part of Louisiana, as ceded by France 
to the L'nited States, north of 36 degrees 30 minutes north lati- 
tude. Under this bill a Convention was called for the purpose of 


framing a State Constitution. Tlie Convention met in St. Louis 
in June, 1820, and formed a constitution whicii was laid before 
Congress early in the session of 1820-21. It was accepted, and 
the State formally admitted into the Union. 

During the following summer an election was held for members 
of the Legislature and other State officers, and in the winter of 
1821-22 the first Legislature of the State of Missouri met in St. 
Charles. Its sessions were held in a room in the second story of 
a house on Main street, still standing, the lower room of which 
is now occupied by Mr. Fred Heye as a tin shop. 

The Constitution had made liberal provisions for remunerating 
the Governor and Supreme and Circuit Judges, but one of the 
first acts of the Legislature was to reduce the salaries of these 
officers to a very low figure, in conformity with the stringency of 
the times. The Governor was allowed $1,500, the Supreme 
Judges $1,100, and the Circuit Judges $1,000. It was expected 
by many persons that this reduction of salaries would prevent men 
of ability from seeking those positions, but at the next election 
there was as great a scramble for office as there had been at the 
preceding one, under the large salaries fixed by the Constitution. 
Those salaries seem small and mean to us now, and would hardly 
be sufficient to support the family of an ordinary mechanic ; but 
they were sufficient for those primitive times, when a famil}- could 
live in considerable style on five or six hundred dollars a year. 
They had "hard money" and "hard times" then; and if the hard 
money advocates of our own day succeed in driving the country 
into the adoption of their suicidal policy, we may have to go back 
again to the condition of our ancestors. "Hard money," low 
prices, and "hard times" are inseparable. 

Most of the members of the first Legislature, as well as the 
Governor and other high dignitaries, rode to St. Charles on horse- 
back, and their horses were kept during the session by Mr. Archi- 
bald Watson, a farmer, Avho lived a few miles below St. Charles, 
on "the point." The members boarded at private houses, and at 
the few hotels that were in the town at the time, at the rate of 
$2.50 per week. The remuneration proved to be insufficient, and 
those who kept boarding houses generally lost money. Uriah J. De- 
vore, who boarded a number of the members, lost everything he 
had. Pork was worth 1^ cents per pound ; venison hams 25 cents 
€ach ; eggs 5 cents per dozen ; honey 5 cents a gallon, and coff'ee 
$1 per pound. Sugar was not in the market, and those who 


drank coffee sweetened it with honey. Some of the members 
were rough characters, and they all dressed in primitive style, 
either in homespun and home-made clothes, or in buckskin leggins 
and hunting shirts. Some wore rough shoes of their own manu- 
facture, wliile others encased tlieir feet in buckskin moccasins. 
Some had slouched hats, but the greater portion wore caps made 
of the skins of wild cats or raccoons. Governor McNair was the 
only man who had a fine cloth coat, and that was cut in the old 
"pigeon-tail" style. He also wore a beaver hat, and endeavored 
to carry himself with the dignity becoming a man in his position. 

While St. Charles was the temporary seat of government, a 
newspaper was published there called The MissoKvian, l)y Robert 
McCloud, a practical printer, and step-son of Joseph Charless, 
Sr., one of the founders of the Missouri Republican. This was 
succeeded by the Clarion, which was established by Nathaniel Pat- 
ten, of Howard county, and published by him until his death, 
which occurred in 1837. After his death the piper was continued 
by his widow, under the cditori:d management of Hon. Wm. M. 
Campbell. (Mrs. Patten subsequently married Wilson B. Over- 
all.) The paper then passed successively to Messrs. Julian & 
Carr, as the Clarion, in 1839; to Berlin & Knapp, as the Free 
Press, in 1840 ; to Overall, Julian & Carr, as the Advertiser, in 
1842 ; to Douglass & Millington, as the Western Star, in 1846 ; to 
Orear & Kibler, as the Chronotype, in 1849 ; to Orear «fe McDear- 
mon, in 1852 ; to N. C. Orear, in 1853 ; to King & Emmons, as 
the Reveille, in 1854 ; to Hinman & Branham, in 1856 ; to Hin- 
man in 1858 ; to Edwards & Stewart, in 1865 ; to Em- 
mons «fe Orrick, as the Cosmos and Sentinel, in 1867 ; and 
to W. W. Davenport, as the Cosmos, in 1868. This paper, 
therefore, running back through several suspensions, and 
numerous changes of name and proprietors, is, perhaps, the oldest 
paper in the State, except the Missouri Republican. 

The first church in St. Charles was organized by the Catholics, 
at a date so early that there is no record of it. The first church 
i-ecord that has come down to the present day, was made in 1792 
by Rev. Peter J. Didier. It recorded the birth of Peter Beland, 
who was born in St. Charles on the 7th of June, 1792. Since that 
time the Catholics have preserved a regular church organization 
in St. Charles, and have, doubtless, possessed a larger member- 
ship than any other church in the place. The next church estab- 
lished there was the Presbyterian, which was founded August 30, 


1818, by Rev. Salmon Giddings, assisted by Rev. John Matthews. 
The following persona were enrolled as members at that time : 
John Braskin, Theophilus McPheeters, Thomas Lindsay and wife, 
James Lindsay and wife, Ebenezer Ayers and wife, and Elizabeth 
Emmons, mother of Hon. Benj. Emmons, Sr. Thomas Lindsay 
and Archibald Watson were chosen elders, and Rev. Chas. S. Rob 
inson was elected pastor. The third church organization in St 
Charles was effected by the Methodists, probably not many years 
after the advent of the Colliers, who came in 1815 ; but they had 
no house to worship in until 1830, when they were supplied with 
one by the liberality of Mrs. Collier. These were the first regu- 
lar church organizations in the place, but ministers of nearly all 
other denominations held services there and in the surrounding 
counti'y on various occasions. The other church organizations of 
St. Charles are of a comparatively modern date. Rev. James 
Crittenden, of Kentucky, was a very popular Baptist preacher in 
those early times, and many children born then were named for 

Among the old institutions of St. Charles, Lindenwood Female 
College is one of the most prominent. It was founded by Major 
George C. Sibley, in 1828, who erected a house upon his own 
grounds, and dedicated it to the cause of education. Since then 
a school has been sustained there almost without intermission, 
and about twenty-four years ago the institution was incorporated 
by the Legislature. The original building was improved and en- 
larged from time to time, but eventually became entirely inade- 
quate for the purpose for which it was intended, and a large, 
handsome, and well arranged building was erected in its stead. 
The modern building occupies a commanding position, and a 
splendid view of the surrounding country can be obtained from 
its observatory. A boarding house and chapel are situated oa 
the grounds adjacent to the college, and the institution is at pres- 
ent in a prosperous condition. Major and Mrs. Sibley donated 
one hundred and twenty acres of valuable land to Lindenwood 
College, most of which, has been sold for the benefit of the insti- 
tution ; but one lot of twenty acres, upon which the buildings are 
situated, is forever inalienable. It has been tastefully improved, 
and presents a beautiful appearance. 

St. Charles College, another of the old institutions of this 
place, is noticed in connection with the history of its founders. 

On the hill near the clerks' offices in St. Charles, overlooking 


the town and river, there once stood an old, quaint looking, 
round stone building, which was known as the " Round Tower." 
No one ever visited St. Charles without observing it, and wonder- 
ing what it was intended for. It was about thirty feet in diame- 
ter, and three stories high, and its commanding position and 
singular appearance never failed to bring it into notice. There 
were port-holes for rifles at regular intervals around the walls, and 
persons of a romantic turn of mind were disposed to believe that 
it was an old Spanish or French fort, erected by the first exploi-ers 
of the country, for protection against the Indians; but the most 
authentic account of the building says that it was erected by one 
Francis Duquette, for a wind-mill, not many 3^ears after the 
founding of St. Charles. There is a tradition.^ however, to the 
effect that it was an old dismantled fort when Duquette came to 
St. Charles, and that he merely repaired it and used it for a mill. 
We cannot say which is correct, but are inclined to believe that 
the tradition had some foundation in truth. The building was 
never used for military purposes after Duquette came into pos- 
session of it, though at one time an Indian was confined in it for 
some misdemeanor ; but he made his escape by climbing out over 
the top of the wall. The fort erected for protection during the 
Indian war, was situated under the hill, near where the court 
house stands. Waiving the doubtful origin of the round tower, 
it was beyond dispute the oldest building in St. Charles, and 
ought to have been preserved as a relic of early days. But 
it was torn down some ten or twelve years ago to make room for 
a brickyard, and the older citizens of the place are the only ones 
who remember where it stood. 

The following French families were living in St. Charles in 
1818, and out of the entire list only one of the original stock is 
left. We refer to Mr. Louis Gerneau, who gave us the names, as 
follows: Louis Gerneau, Antoine Janis, Gabriel Lattraille, Bazile 
Bruziere, Michael Belland, John Baptiste Deau, Joseph Pereau, 
Louis Cardinal, John Martineau, Joseph, Louis, and Charles 
Tayon, Gregoire Kiercercau, Mr. Souliere, John Aubuchon, Jac- 
<iues and Peter Dubois, Joseph Reynal, John B. Proulx, Mackey 
Wherr}', Francis and Baptiste Dorlaque, Joseph Baptiste, Aleck 
Cote, John and Baptiste Lucier, Peter Beauchemin, Joel and 
Toussaint Rocque, and Peter Pallardie. 

Tiie following is a list of the first Justices of the Peace ap- 
pointed in St. Charles county after Missouri was admitted into 


the Union as a State in 1820. Township of Portage des Sioivx — - 
James Perras, Francis Lessieur, Daniel Griffith, Joseph Sumner, 
Ebenezer Ayres. Femrae Osage Township — William Hays, Isaac 
Fulkerson, John B. Callaway. Upper Cuivre Township —Roger 
Taylor, Felix Scott, Thomas Gilmore. Lower Cuivre Township 
— James Audrain, Francis Allen, James Thomas. St. Charles 
Township — Daniel Colgan, Sr., James Green, John Slayter, 
Philip A. Sublette, Charles Phillips, RulufT Peck, Joseph W. 
Gar raty, Benjamin Walker. Dardenne Township — Biel Farns- 
worth, John B. Stone, John Naylor, Thomas. D. Stephenson. 


Allen. — William Allen, of Henry county, Virginia, was mar- 
ried twice. The name of his second wife was Ann Smith, by 
whom he had Susan, Robert, Josepii, Pines and Frances. Susan 
married William Wells, who was Probate Judge of Henry county, 
Virginia. Robert was a talented man, and a fine orator, and rep- 
resented his native county in the State Legislature for man}' 
years. He married Celia Mullens, and their son, WilliamL ., was 
State Senator in Mississippi for a number of years. Josepli S., 
the second son of Robert Allen, was a distinguished Methodist 
minister. He settled in St. Charles county 4n 1828. He was 
married twice, and by his first wife he had one son, named Will- 
iam. The name of his second wife was Ra( hel May, and the}'' 
had William M., Robert L., Elizabeth M., John P., Joseph J., 
Susan A., and Rachel. William M. married Mary M. Shelton, and 
they had six children. Mr. Allen represented his county in the 
House of Representatives four years, and four years in the State 
Senate. He was a prominent and influential citizen, and now re- 
sides in Wentzville, Missouri. Robert L. was married first to Anna 
Pendleton, by whom he had five children. After her death he 
married Louisa B. Harnett, and they had three children. Mr. 
Allen was County Judge of Warren county for some time, and 
represented that county in the Legislature two years. Elizabeth 
M. was maiTied first to Henry Simpson, and after his death she 
married J. D. May. She had three children. John P., who was 
a physician, married his cousin, Martha L. Allen, and they had 
one child. Joseph I. came to Missouri in 1850, and died soon 
after. Susan A. died unmarried — Pines, son of William Allen, 
was married first to Charlotte Bailey, of Tennessee, and settled 
in St. Charles county in 1829. Their children were — Robert B., 
Mary J., Joseph J., John B., Charles C, and Martha L. Mi\ 
Allen was married the second time to Nancy Hughes, of Virginia, 
and they had Lucy A., Susan M., Pines H., William M., Smith B., 
and Columbus S. Robert B. married Louisa Chambers, and they 
had ten children. He was a prominent Methodist, and an .influ- 


ential citizen. Mary J. married Marshall Bird, who settled in 
Missouri in 1833. They had seven children. Joseph J., married 
Sarah McClenny, and they had three children. John B. was msir- 
ried first to Elizabeth Lacy, by wliom he had four children. He 
was married the second time to Lucy Harnett, and they had five 
children. Mr. Allen is an attorney, and lives near Flint Hill. He 
was a soldier in the Black Hawk war. Charles C. married Fanny 
Pendleton, and they had but two children. Martha L. was mar- 
ried first to John Taylor, and they had one child. She was 
married the second time to Thomas H. Lacy. They had no 

Abington. — John Abington, of Scotland, came to America and 
settled in Montgomery county, Maryland, sometime before the 
revolution. His wife was Mary Watson. She died, leaving him 
a widower, after which he moved to Henry county, Va. The 
names of his children were, Bowles, Lucy, John, Elizabeth, and 
Henry. Bowles, at the age of 18 years, joined the American ar- 
my and served during the revolutionary war. He married Sarah 
Taylor, daughter of William Taylor and Sarah Scruggs, of Vir- 
ginia, and they had seven children — William N., John T., Susan- 
nah, Taylor, Bowles, Henry, and Lucy. William N. was a Meth- 
odist preacher, and died in North Carolina. John T. married Re- 
becca Taylor, and settled in Tennessee. Susannah married 
Thomas Travis, and settled in St. Charles county, Mo., in 1830. 
Taylor married Amanda Penn. Bowles married Mary Baldridge, 
and died ten days after. Hon. Henry Abington, the only one of 
the family now living, married Maria Smith, and settled in the 
western part of St. Charles county, where he now resides. He is 
an influential, public-spirited citizen ; has served three terms in 
the Legislature of his State, and has held the position of Justice 
of the Peace for many years. 

Ayers. — Ebenezer Ayers came from one of the Eastern States, 
and settled on what is known as "the point," in St. Charles coun- 
ty, at a very early date. He built the first horse-mill in that re- 
gion of country. He was also a large fruit-grower ; and made a 
great deal of butter and cheese. He lived in a large red hoiise, 
in which the first Protestant sermon in "the point" was preached. 
In 1804 he and James Flaugherty and John Woods were appoint- 
ed Justices of the Peace for St. Charles district, being the first 
under the American government. Mr. Ayers had four children, 
one son and three daughters. Two of the latter died before they 
were grown. The son, Ebenezer Davenport Ayers, married Louisi- 
ana Overall, and settled where Davenport, Iowa, now stands, the 
town being named for him. His surviving sister, Hester Ayers, 
mari'ied Anthony C. Palmer, who was a ranger in the company 
commanded by Captain James Callaway. Mr. Palmer was after- 
ward elected sheriff of the county, and served one term. He had 


a good education, was an excellent scribe, and taught school a 
number of years. 

Audrain. — Peter Audrain was a native of France, but came to 
America at an early date, and settled in Pennsylvania, where he 
married Margaret Moore. He subsequently moved to Detroit, 
Michigan, where he became an influential citizen, and was Mar- 
shal of the Territory at the time of his death. He had seven 
children, three of whom, James H., Peter G., and Margaret, 
settled in Missouri. James H. was born in Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 29, 1782, and was married to Mary E. Wells, of Louisville, 
Ky., December, 23, 1806. He settled at Fort Wayne, Ind., and 
engaged in merchandising. During the war of 1812 he was com- 
missioned Captain of volunteers, and saw some hard service. He 
was afterward appointed Colonel of militia. In 1816 he moved 
his family to Missouri, in a flat-boat, and after remaining a short 
time at St. Louis, he settled on Peruque creek, in St. Charles 
county, where he soon after built a mill and a distillery. The 
mill was run by a tread-wheel, on which he worked young bulls, 
and he often had as many as twenty of these animals at one time. 
This led a loquacious citizen of the community to, give it the 
name of "Bull's Hell Mill," by which it became generally known. 
In 1830 Col. Audrain was elected a member of the Legislature, 
and died November 10, 1831, at the house of Gov. Clark, in St. 
Louis. His remains were conveyed to his home in a hearse, 
which was the first hearse ever seen in St. Charles county. When 
Audrain county was organized in 1836, it was named in honor of 
Colonel Audrain. Mrs. Audrain died about three years after the 
death of her husband. Their children were, Samuel W., Peter 
G., James H., Margaret, Benjamin O., Ann A., Francis B., 
Thomas B., and Mary F. The latter was born on the flat-boat, 
in 1816, while they were ascending the Mississippi river. Col. 
Audrain and his wife were baptised in Peruque creek, below his 
mill. The Colonel was a very stout man, and won a wager of $10 
in St. Charles, one day, by carrying eight bushels of wheat, at 
one time, up three flights of stairs. 

BiGELOW. — Moses Bigelow, the son of Zachariah Bigelow, of 
Pittsburg, Pa., came to St. Charles county. Mo., in 1821. He 
married Parthana, eldest daughter of Jonathan Bryan, who was a 
widow at the time, having previously married her cousin, Joseph 
Bryan. Mr. Bigelow had $1,000 in cash when came to Missouri, 
and by keeping that sum constantly at interest it made him a 
comfortable fortune before his death, which occurred in 1857. 
Several years before his death his wife, while on a visit to a mar- 
ried daughter, was thrown from her horse while returning from 
church, and one of her limbs was so badly fractured that it had to 
be amputated. She, however, outlived her husband, and died in 
1873, of cancer. They had six children — James, Rufus, Rutia, 


Abner, Agnes, and Phoebe. James was married three times ; 
first to Mary E. Hopkins, second, to her sister, Amanda Hopkins, 
and third, to Angeline Callaway. Rufus married Henrietta Ev- 
ersman. Rutia married Charles E. Ferney. Abner married 
Hulda Logan. Agnes died single. Phoebe married Fortunatus 

Biggs. — Randall Biggs settled in St. Charles county in 1799. 
He married Susan Perkett. They were both of German descent. 
Their children were — William, Malinda, Lucretia, Elvira, Mary, 
and Silas P. 

Bowles. — John Bowles and his wife emigrated from England 
and settled in St. Mary's county, Maryland. They had seven 
children — William, John Baptist, Joseph, Jane, Susan, Henriet- 
ta, and Mary. In 1789 John Baptist, Joseph, James, and Mary, 
moved to Kentucky and settled in Scott county. Joseph married 
Alice Raley, and lived and died in Washington county, Ky. 
Jane married Ignatius Greenwell, and their son Robert married 
Maria Twyman, and settled in St. Charles county. Mo. Mary 
married William Roberts, and their daughter Elizabeth married 
John Burkman, who settled in Montgomery county, Mo. John 
Baptist married Henrietta Wheatley, anU they had eight chil- 
dren — Walter, James, Leo, Clara, Elizabeth, Catharine, Matil- 
da, and Celicia. Walter married Rosa McAtee, and settled in 
St. Charles county, Mo., in 1828. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812, and is still living (1875), in his 87th year. James married 
Susan Luckett, and settled in St. Charles county in 1835. They 
had six children. Leo married Teresa McAtee, and settled in 
St. Charles County in 1831. They had seven childi'en. Clara 
married Dennis Onan, and they lived in Kentucky. Catharine 
married Stephen T. McAtee, who settled in St. Charles county in 
1834. They had eight children. Mr. McAtee and his youngest 
son, George, died the same day, and were buried in the same 
grave. Matilda married Walter Barnes, and they lived in Ken- 
tucky. Celicia married James W. Drury, who settled in St. 
Charles county in 1835. They had thirteen children. 

Boyd. Boyd came from the northern part of Ireland, 

and settled in Virginia at a very early date. In 1772 he was 
killed by the Indians, and left a widow and three children — Will- 
iam, Margaret, and John. William was appointed Indian agent 
for the State of Mississippi, where he lived and died. Margaret 

married Garvin, and they settled in Pennsylvania, where 

they raised a large family of children. Three of their sons, Alex- 
ander, John, and Benjamin, settled in Si. Charles county in 1822. 
Alexander married Anna Mattison, and their children were — 
Margaret, Anna, Permelia, Jane, Alexander, and Fannie. John 
Boyd was quite young when his father was killed, and he was 


raised by a Mr. Gordon of Virginia. During the revolutionary 
war he served as a ranger and scout in the American army. He 
was married in 1800 to Elizabeth Davis, of Virginia, and they 
had nine children — Gordon D., Gary A., William A., Margaret 
E., James H., Mary S., John N., Amasa P., and Maria. Gordon 
D. was a physician, and moved to Mississippi. He died of chol- 
era, in New Orleans, in 1832, while on his way to Texas. Gary 
A. married Elizabeth Bailey, and settled in Pike county, Mo. 
William A. settled in St. Charles county in 1837. He married 
Elizabeth Poague, of Kentucky, and she died, leaving eight chil- 
dren. Her father was a Justice of tlie Peace in St. Charles coun- 
ty for ten years, Margaret E. married Major James G. Bailey, 
a soldier of the war of 1812, and they settled in St. Charles county 
in 1830. She died, leaving four children. James H. lived in 
Jackson, Miss., where he engaged in the mercantile business, and 
was elected Mayor of the town. Mary S. married Edmond P. 
Mathews, of Kentucky, and they settled in St. Charles county, 
Mo., in 1836. She had five children, and is still living in Pike 
county. Mo. John N. settled in St. Charles county in 1839. He 
married Mahaley Hughes, and they both died, leaving two chil- 
dren. Amasa P. died in Mississippi. Maria died while a child. 

Bates. — ^Thomas F. Bates was an early settler of Goochland 
county, Va. He was a Quaker, but when the war of the revolu- 
tion commenced he buried his religion in patriotism and became 
a soldier. He married Caroline M. Woodson, and they had 
twelve children — Charles, Matilda, Tarleton, Fleming, Nancy, 
Richard, James W., Sarah, Margaret, Susan, Frederick, and Ed- 
ward. Charles lived and died in Virginia, where he became em- 
inent in the profession of law. Matilda married Captain Gett, 
and died, leaving a daughter (Caroline M.) who was adopted by 
her uncle, Edward Bates, and died in St. Louis. Tarleton was 
killed in a duel at Pittsburg, Pa. Fleming lived in Northumber- 
land county, Va., of which he was county clerks He left several 
children at his death, Nancy married Thomas H. Walton, who 
was killed by lightning. He left one son, Robert A., who came 
to Missouri and married a daughter of Hon. Frederick Bates. 
Richard studied law, but died young. He was an intimate friend 
of Gen. Winfield Scott, and had the promise of becoming a dis- 
tinguished man. James W. lived and died in Arkansas. He 
was a delegate to Congress from that Territory before its admis- 
sion a^ a State. Sarah never married, but came with her mother 
to Missouri in 1818. Mrs. Bates died in 1845, aged ninety years. 
Margaret was married twice — first to John Speers, and second to 
Dr. Orton Wharton, both of Virginia. She was left a widow the 
second time, and came to St. Charles county, Mo,, in 1838. 
Susan died while a young lady, in Virginia. Frederick Bates 
was well educated and became a distinguished man. President 


Jefferson appointed him Secretary of the Territory of Michigan, 
and about the commencement of the Aaron Burr conspiracy, he 
was transferred to Upper Louisiana, as Secretary of that Territo- 
ry. He afterward became Governor of the Territory of Missouri, 
and was the second Governor of the State after its admission. 
He married Nancy Ball, a dauglitcr of Colonel John S. Ball, who 
v^^as a soldier of the war of 1812. Mr. Bates died in 1825, leav- 
ing four children — Emily C, Lucas Lee, Woodviite, and Freder- 
ick, Jr. During the latter part of his life he resided in Lincoln 
county. His daughter, p]mily C, married Robert Walton, and 
is now living in St. Charles, a widow. Lucas Lee married a 
daughter of Samuel Conway, and lives in St. Louis county. 
Woodville died in his youth. Frederick, Jr., married Lavinia 
Merideth, and died, leaving one child. His widow married Sam- 
uel Conway, who also died, and she then married a Mr. Kerney. 
Hon. Frederick Bates was Governor of the Territory of Upper 
Louisiana from May, 1807, to October, 1807; from Septem- 
ber, 1809, to September, 1810; from November 29, 1812, to 
December 7, 1812 ; and he was Governor of the Territory of Mis- 
souri from December 12, 1812, to July, 1813. He was elected 
second Governor of the State of Missouri in 1824, and died in 

1825, before the expiration of his term. Edward Bates, brother 
of Frederick Bates, served as a private soldier in the war of 1812, 
having enlisted before he was of age ; but he was promoted to 
sergeant before the expiration of his term. He settled in St. 
Charles county' in 1814, and on the 29th of May, 1823, he was 
married to Julia D. Coalter, daughter of Hon. David Coalter. 
They had seventeen children. Mr. Bates was a man of a superior 
order of talents, and held many positions of trust and influence 
during his life. He studied law under Hon, Rufus Easton, and 
became eminent in his profession. He was distinguislied for a 
faithful and conscientious discharge of every dutj' entrusted to 
him, whether great or small, and he possessed the confidence of 
all classes of his fellow-citizens in the very highest degree. He 
represented St. Louis as a delegate in the first Constitutional 
Convention of Missouri ; served in the Legislature and State Sen- 
ate for a number of years, and was a member of Congress in 

1826. At the commencement of President Lincoln's administra- 
tion he was honored with a seat in the cabinet as Attorney-Gen- 
eral. He died in 1870, in his 76th year. His widow is still living, 
in her 78th year. 

Baugh. — The Baughs were doubtless of German descent ; but 
there is no authentic record of the origin of the family, beyond 
the fact that three brothers of that name settled near Jamestown, 
Va., at an early date. Abrara, a son of one of these brothers, 
married Judith Colraan, of Powhatan county, and by her he had — 
Joseph, Thomas M., P^dsa, William, Alexander, Abram, Jesse, 


Mary, Judith, and Rhoda. Joseph married Nancj' Gentry, and 
settled in Madison county, Ky., in 1781 ; and in 1816 he removed 
to St. Charles county. Mo. He served five years in the revolu- 
tionary war. His children were — William, Benjamin, Judith, Al- 
sey, Nancy, ^lary, Patsey, and Lucinda. WilUam married Susan 
Carter, of Kentucky, and settled in St. Charles county, Mo., but re- 
moved from there to Montgomery county in 1832. His first wife 
died, and he was married the second time to Mrs. Nancy V. Has- 
lip, whose maiden name was Chambers. 

Bryan. — William Bryan, a native of Wales, came to America 
■with Lord Baltimore, about the year 1650, and settled in Mary- 
land. His wife was of Irish descent, and they had three children 
— William, Morgan, and Daniel. Of the succeeding two or 
three generations of this family nothing is definitely known, but 
early in the eighteenth century, William Bryan, a descendant of 
the original stock, settled in Roan county, North Carolina. He 
married Sally Bringer, who was of German descent, and they 
had eleven children — William, Morgan, John, Sally, Daniel, 
Henry, Rebecca (who became the wife of Daniel Boone), Susan, 
George, James, and Joseph. During the revolutionary war six 
of the sons served in the American army, and one (probably 
Joseph) cast his lot with the Tories. He was promoted to the 
position of Colonel, and served with Tarleton during his campaign 
in the CaroUnas. On one occasion his regiment of Tories, being 
in the advance, was atttacked by the patriots and forced to re- 
treat. As they were falling back in great confusion, they met 
Tarleton, who had heard the firing, and, accompanied by only a 
few of his staflF oflflcers, was riding leisurely toward the scene of 
conflict, blowing his bugle as he came. The patriots, hearing the 
sound of the bugle, and supposing that the entire British army 
was advancing upon them, gave up the pursuit and retired. 
When Bryan met Tarleton, he demanded, in an angry tone, why 
he had come alone, instead of marching his army to his assist- 
ance. Tarleton replied that he wanted to "see how the d — d 
Tories would fight." This so enraged the Tory leader that he 
came near resigning his commission and retiring from the service, 
and would probably have done so if he could have returned home 
in safety. Two of the brothers who were in the American army 
(James and Morgan) were at the bloody battle of King's Moun- 
tain, and from the best information that we can obtain, their 
Tory brother fought against them in the same battle. The war 
feehng ran so high that they would have shot him if he had come 
within range of their rifles. Three of the brothers (James, 
William, and Daniel) followed Daniel Boone to Kentucky, and 
built Bryan's Station, near Lexington. Shortly after their 
arrival, William and two other men left the fort and went some 
distance into the woods, for the purpose of obtaining a supply of 


game for the garrison. During their absence they were attacked 
by the Indians; Bryan's companions were both killed and 
scalped, and he was shot through the knee with a rifle ball. But 
notwithstanding his severe and painful wound, he rode to the 
fort, a distance of thirty miles, through the thick woods and 
brush, and gave the alarm in time to save the place from falling 
into the, hands of the Indians. They soon began to suffer greatly 
for provisions, being so closely watched by the Indians, that 
hunting parties did not dare to venture out, and they were 
reduced to the necessity of boiling and eating buffalo hides in 
order to avert starvation. — James Bryan was a widower, with six 
children, at the time of the removal to Kentucky, and it was his 
branch of the family that afterward came to Missouri, the 
descendants of the other two brothers remaining in Kentucky. 
The names of his children were — David, Susan, Jonathan, Polly, 
Henry, and Rebecca. David married Mary Poor, and came to 
Missouri in 1800. He settled near the present town of Marthas- 
ville, in Warren county. His children were — James, Morgan, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Willis, John, Susan, Drizella, Samuel, and Will- 
iam K. Mr. Bryan reserved half an acre of ground near his 
house for a grave yard, and it was there that Daniel BoOne 
and his wife wei*e buried. He also had a large orchard, which he 
grew from apple seed that he carried from Kentucky in his vest 
pocket. — Susan Bryan married Israel Grant, of Kentucky. 
They had three children, James, William, and Israel B. — Jona- 
than married Mary Coshow, a widow with one son, William. 
(Her maiden name was Mary Hughes.) In 1800 he moved his 
family to Missouri in a keel-boat, and landed at the mouth 
of Femme Osage creek, on Christmas day of that year. 
He settled first in Lincoln county, near the present town 
of Cap-au-Gris, but there they were greatly exposed to attacks 
from the Indians, and the location proving to be a sickly one, he 
moved and settled on Femme Osage creek, near Nathan Boone's 
place, where he lived during the remainder of his life. In 1801 
he built the first water-mill west of the Mississippi river. The 
stones were carried from Kentucky on horseback, a spring branch 
supplied the water power, and an old musket barrel formed the 
sluice or water race. The children of Jonathan Bryan were — 
Parthena, Phcebe, Nancy, Elijah, Abner, Mary, Alsey', James, 
Delila, and Lavinia. — Henry Bryan married Elizabeth Sparks, 
and settled in St. Charles county in 1808. They had eight chil- 
dren — Susan, Joseph, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Cynthia, Johannah, 
John W,, and Polly. Rebecca (daughter of James Bryan) mar- 
ried Hugh Logan, of Kentucky, and they had five children — 
William, Alexander, Hugh, Henry, and Mary. Mr. Logan died, 
and she was married the second time to James Smith, of Ken- 
tucky. They had two children, when he also died ; and in 1810 


Jonathan and Henry Bryan moved their sister and her family to 
Missouri. She settled on South Bear creek, in Montgomery 
count}', and died twenty years later. Her two children by Smith 
were named Susan and James. Susan married a man named 
King, and James married Susan Ellis. 

Baldridge. — Robert Baldrige was a native of Ireland,' but 
emigrated to America and settled in Kentucky, where he 'married 
Hannah Fruit. He subsequently moved to Missouri, and was 
one of the first settlers of St. Charles county. He obtained the 
Spanish grant of land on which Pond Fort was built. His 
children were — Daniel, James, Malachi, John, Robert, jr., 
Alexander, Elizabeth, Mary, Grace, and Nancy. Malachi and 
two companions. Price and Lewis, were killed by the Indians 
while hunting on Loutre Prairie. Shortly after, Daniel, in order 
have revenge for his brother's death, tracked a party of Indians 
to their camp at night, and shot their chief as he sat by the camp- 
fire. He then concealed himself in the tall grass, and watched 
the Indians searching for him ; but they failed to find him. James 
and John were successful business men, and always liad money 
to loan. A man named Hutchings once borrowed $300 in silver 
quarters from John, and carried the money home in a calico bag. 
Finding that he would not need it, he returned the money at the 
end of three months, and offered to pay interest. But 
Baldridge said he could not think of accepting interest from a 
man who had kept his money safe for him that length of time ; 
"because," said he, "if Iliad kept it, some rascal would have 
stolen it." When James died he had several boxes filled with 
gold and silver money. Robert, jr., planted a cherry tj'ee, and 
when it grew large enough, he had it manufactured into 
lumber, from which he had his coffin made, and when he died he 
was buried in it. Robert and John were rangers in Callaway's 
company during the Indian war. After the close of the war John 
moved to the Gasconade country, and built a large saw mill in 
the pineries ; but it did not prove to be a paying investment, and 
subsequently passed into the hands of other parties. Elizabeth 
Baldridge married John Scott, and their son, Hiram, was killed 
at Callaway's defeat. He was a man of great daring, and Calla- 
way placed much confidence in him. Daniel married Kate Huff- 
mam James married Margaret Zumwalt. Robert, jr., married 
Peggy Ryebolt. Grace married John Howell, and Nancy mar- 
ried Fi'ederick Price. 

BuRDiNE. — General Amos Burdine, as he was called^ was a 
native of Kentucky, where he married Jennie Davidson, and came 
to Missouri in 1811. He settled in Dog Prairie, St. Charles coun- 
ty, and built his cabin on the James Mackey claim. Soon after 
he came to Missouri, the earthquakes at New Madrid occurred, 
and the shaking of the earth caused the boards that composed the 



roof of his cabin to rattle so that he imagined there were Indians 
up there trying to get in. So, arousing his sons (for it was at 
night), they secured their guns and began to fire through the 
roof, which they so completely riddled with bullets that it would 
not turn the rain any more. He was a believer in witches, as 
were many of the early settlers, and used to brand his cattle in 
the forehead with a hot shoe hammer, to keep the witches from 
killing them. He had a flock of geese, and several of the birds 
died of some disease peculiar to the goose family. The General 
imagined that the witches had been at work ; so he built a large 
log fire and commenced burning the dead 'birds one by one. 
When the third bird was thrown on the fire it gave signs of life, 
and the General always declared, that all the others came to 
life and flew around the flre and drove the witches away. On 
another occasion he imagined that he had been shot in the hip 
with a hair ball, and called on a physician to have it extracted. 
But of course no such ball could be found. Burdine was a 
great hunter, and killed more deer than any other half-dozen 
men in the vicinity. He used the skins of the animals that 
he killed for beds and bed clothing, which was a common thing 
among the people of that day. He had a habit of naming the 
trees in the woods where he killed deer, and his sons knew the 
woods so well, and the names of the different trees, that when he 
sent them to bring the game in, they never had any trouble in 
finding it. His little pony, Ned, was so well trained that he knew 

when to run, walk, or stand 
still by the simple motion of 
the bridle, and, being as 
fond of hunting as his mas- 
ter, lie never failed to obe}' 
commands. The General 
could mimic the cry of any 
animal or bird, and often 
imitated wolves or panthers 
for the purpose of scaring 
deer out of the brush, so he 
could shoot them. A partj' 
of hunters heard him one 
day screaming like a pan- 
ther, and imagining thej' 
were in close proximity to 
one of those ferocious ani- 
mals, they put spurs to 
their horses and rode away 
for their lives. He gave 
names to nearly all of the 
bukdine's attempt to wkiou his wife, streams in his vicinity, and 


Chain-of-Rocks, on Cuivre, owes its appropriate title to him^ 
Burdine was a man of mediupi size, but his wife was very large 
and heavj'. One day he undertook to weigh her with a pair of 
old-fashioned steelyards. They were fastened to the rafters of 
the porch in front of his house, with a grape vine, and he tied 
another grape vine to the hook on the under side of the steelyard 
for his wife to sit in. Mounting on a barrel, so as to be high 
enough to handle the beam, he signified to his wife that he was 
ready, and she took her seat. But immediately the beam as- 
cended to the roof, carrying the General with it ; and he hung 
suspended in the air until some members of the family came tO' 
his assistance and helped him down. 

Hon. Wm. M. Campbell, of St. Charles, began to write a his- 
tory of the General's life, but died before the book was com- 
pleted. It would no doubt have afforded a i*ich mine of humor 
and adventures. Some amusing anecdotes of this original char- 
acter will be found under the head of ''Anecdotes and Adven- 
tures" in this book. The General's wife died of cholera in 1832. 
Some years afterward -suit was commenced against him for the land 
on which he lived, the title being vested in another party. 
He lost the suit and his home, and becoming dissatisfied with the 
new order of things in Missouri, he moved his large family to 
Arkansas, where they were not crowded with neighbors. 

Boyd. — John Boyd, of Ireland, came to America before the 
revolution. He had two sons, John and William. The latter was 
a gunsmith, and in the war of 1812 he was commissioned Captain 
of volunteers. In his company were six of his apprentices, all of 
whom were killed in the same battle. Capt. Bo3'd married Ruth 
Carr, of Pennsylvania, and settled in Spencer county, Kentucky, 
in 1792. In 1829 he came to Missouri, and, selecting a location 
in St. Charles county, for his future residence, he returned to 
Kentucky, but died before he had completed his arrangements 
for moving. His widow and children came to St. Charles county 
in 1830. The names of the children were — Elizabeth, John, 
Elijah, Hiram, Jane, James, Emeline, William, Ruth, Alexander 
T., and Thomas C. John married a Miss Clemens. Elijah 
married Fannie Thomas. Jane was married in Kentucky, to 
Joseph Brown. Emeline married James Cochran. Aleck T. 
married Medora McRoberts. Thomas C. married Ruth Allen. 
Ruth married Wade Munday. William went to California, and 
died there. James never married, and died in St. Charles 
county. Hiram married Rebecca Datson, of Lincoln county. 
Elizabeth married Alex. W. Thomas, jind settled in Kentucky. 

Ball. — James Ball and his wife, Nancy Smith, were natives of 
Fauquier county, Va. The names of their children were — Mar- 
garet, Judith, Sheltile, Taliaferro, Lucy, Elizabeth, James, John,, 
and Casay. John, Sheltile, James, and Nancy all settled in Mis- 


souri. John married Elizabeth Ellis, of Virginia, and settled in 
St. Charles county in 1834. He is dead, but his wife survives. 
Nancy married William Ellis, and settled in St. Charles county in 
1835. James married Peggy Smith, and settled in St. Louis 
county in 1835. Sheltile married Polly Elliott, of Virginia, and 
settled in St. Louis county, Mo., in 1834. He died some time 
afterward, and his widow and children moved to St. Charles 
county. The names of the children were — John, Bernadotte, 
Benjamin, Sheltile, Jr., and Bushrod. The rest of the Boyd chil- 
dren, with the exception of James, who died of yellow fever in 
New Orleans, lived and died in Virginia. 

Braun. — Cipler Braun and his wife, Magdalene Keeler, were 
of Baden, Germany. They emigrated to America and settled in 
St. Charles county in 1832. Their children were — Martin, 
Antoine, Clarissa, Agnes and Godfrey. All of these, with the 
exception of Martin, married and settled in St. Charles county. 
Martin, while sick of fever, wandered into the woods, where he 
died, and his body was eaten by the hogs. His shirt, with his 
name upon it, was found sometime afterward, and except for that 
his friends would never have known what became of him. 

Browning. — Daniel F. J. Browning was a native of Kentucky, 
where he married a wealthy widow, from whom he afterward sep- 
arated. He was always an unlucky man, and attributed his ill 
fortune to the fact that he once volunteered to hang a negro. The 
sheriff of the county where he lived, being averse to executing 
the criminal, offered $10 to any one who would drive the cart 
from under him. Browning accepted the offer, and drove the 
cart from under the negro ; but after that his life became a bur- 
den to him. He lost his property, separated from his wife, and 
then came to Missouri, where he supported himself for several 
years by teaching school. He taught in White's Fort, and at 
several other places. During the Slicker war he kept a ferry at 
Chain-of-Rocks, and was ordered by the Slickers not to put any 
anti-Slicker men across the river at that place. But he paid no 
attention to the order, and a party of Slickers went to his house 
one night to lynch him ; but he heard them coming, and mounting 
his horse, swam the river and escaped. Sometime afterward a 
friend met him in Lincoln county, and inquired where he was 
going. Browning pulled out a little pistol, about two inches 
long, and replied that he was "going to kill every d — d Slicker 
he met." But the places where he buried his dead have not 
been discovered. 

Baber. — Hiram Baber married a daughter of Jesse Boone. 
He was sheriff of St. Charles county one term, and was a reck- 
less, fun-loving sort of a man. He built a brick residence in 
St. Charles, and carved over the door, in large letters, "Root 
Hog, or Die." He moved from St. Charles to Jefferson City,. 


and became one of the leading men of the State. He made a 
great deal of money, and spent it as freely as he made it. He 
would often, in braggadocio, light his pipe with bank bills, to 
show how easily he could make money and how little he cared 
for it. 

CosHow. — William Coshow, a native of "Wales, married. 
Mary Hughes, an Irish girl, and, emigrating to America, settled 
in North Carolina. He went with Daniel Boone on one of his 
expeditions to Kentucky, and was killed by the Indians at the 
head of Kentucky river. He had but one child, a son, named 
William. His widow married Jonathan Bryan, several years after 
the death of her first husband, and they came to St. Charles 
county in 1800. Her son was raised by his step-father who 
loved him as one of his own children. He served in the war 
against the Indians, and afterwai'd married Elizabeth Zumwalt, of 
St Charles county. They had three children, Andrew J., 
Phoebe A., and John B., all of whom are still living. 

Campbell. — Dr. Samuel Campbell and his wife, Sally Alexan- 
der, were natives of Rockbridge county, Va. They had ten 
children, of whom William M., the subject of this sketch, was the 
fifth. He was born in January, 1805, and after having received 
a fair education at home, was placed under the instruction of 
Rev. Wm. Graham, at what was then called the " Log College," 
but which was subsequently named Washington University, and 
is now known as Washington and Lee University, at Lexington, 
Va. Here he qualified himself for the practice of law, and at 
the age of twenty-four came to Missouri with his brother-in-law, 
Dr. Robert McCluer, who settled in St. Charles county. Young 
Campbell remained two years with his brother-in-law, hunting 
and amusing himself, and then went to St. Charles and com- 
menced the practice of law. He remained in St. Charles until 
1843, when he removed to St. Louis, where he died, January 2, 
1850. Mr. Campbell wielded a large influence in his adopted 
State, and served as a member of the Legislature during the 
greater portion of his residence here. He was editor of the St. 
Charles Clarion for some time, and also of the St. Louis Nev: 
Era, by which means his influence and reputation were greatl.y 

Cottle. — Warren Cottle, of Vermont, was a soldier in the war 
of 1812. He had six children — Warren, Ira, Oliver, Stephen, 
Marshall, and Letitia. Warren was a physician, and came with 
his father to Missouri in 1799. He married his cousin, Salome 
Cottle, and they had eight children— Oliver, Alonzo, Fidelo, Al- 
vora, Lorenzo, Paulina, Ora, and O'Fallon. Ira also married his 
cousin, Suby Cottle, and they had six children — Levi, Harriet, 
Warner, Ira, Joseph, and Mary J. Oliver married Charitj- Lowe, 
and they raised thirteen children — Royal, Leroy, Oliver, Mar}-, 


Orville, Priscilla, Lethe, Juliet, John, Ira, Julius, Ellen, and 
Cordelia. Stephen married, but died without issue Marshall 
died single. Letitia married and died childless. Lorenzo Cottle, 
son of Dr. Warren Cottle, founded the town of Cottleville, in St, 
Charles county, in 1840. 

CoALTER. — The ancestors of the Coalter family of St. Charles 
were members of the Presbyterian colony that settled in Augusta 
county, Va., at an early date. From among them we have ob- 
tained the following names — David, John, Polly, Jane, and Ann. 
John was married four times. His third wife was a Miss Tucker, 
sister of Judge Beverly Tucker, and half-sister of John Ran- 
dolph, of Roanoke. They had two -children — St. George and 
Elizabeth. The latter married John Randolph Bryant, of Flovan- 
na county, Va. David married Ann Carmicle, of South Carolina, 
and the names of their children were — John D., Beverly T., 
Maria, Catharine, Fanny, Caroline, and Julia. Polly married 
Judge Beverly Tucker, who became eminent as a jurist. They 
had no children. Jane married John Naylor, of Pennsylvania. 
They settled in Kentucky, but removed to Missouri in 1818. 
They had seven children — James, John, William, Thomas, Caro- 
line, Sophronia, and Ann. The boys all died about the time they 
were grown. Ann married a Mr. Ward, of Kentucky. — (Chil- 
dren of David Coalter.) John D. married Mary Meanes, of 
South Carolina, and settled in St. Charles county, where he lived 
until two years prior to his death, when he removed to St. Louis. 
He had but one child. Mr. Coalter was a talented and influential 
attorney, and also a leading member of the Legislature of his 
State. Beverly T. wa^ a physician. He married Elizabeth Mc- 
Queen, of Pike county, where he resided. They had three 
children, one son, and two daughters. Dr. Tucker was a gen- 
tleman of fine business qualifications. Maria married Hon. Wm. 
C. Preston, of South Carolina, and died, leaving one daughter, 
who died when she was about grown. Catharine married Judge 
William Harper, of South Carolina, who removed to Missouri and 
became Judge of the Court of Chancery. They had several chil- 
dren, but only one survives. Fannie married Dr. David H. 
Meanes, of South Carolina. The Doctor removed to Missouri 
and remained a short time, and then returned to South Carolina, 
where his wife died. They had several children. Caroline 
married Hamilton R. Gamble, of St. Louis. They had two sons 
and one daughter. Juha married Hon. P^dward Bates, and is 
now a widow, living in St. Louis. (Children of Jane Naylor, 
nee Coalter.) Caroline Naylor married Dr. William B. Natt. 
They removed to Livingston, S. C, where Dr. N. died, leaving a 
"widow and five children. Sophronia married James W. Booth, 
of Pike county. Mo., who subsequently removed to St. Louis, 
and became a commission merchant. Their ciiildren were — 


John N., Thomas, Edward B., and George. Ann married a Mr. 
McPheeters, who died, leaving two sons, James and Theophile,. 
who removed to Mississippi, w^here they married and raised large 

Castlio. — John Castlio, of Tennessee, married a widow named 
Lowe, whose maiden name was Harrison, They settled in St. 
Charles county in 1806. The names of their children were —Ruth, 
Lottie, Mahala, Sinai, John H., Nancy, and Hiram. Lottie mar- 
ried William Keithley. Ruth married Frank McDermid, who 
was killed at Callaway's defeat. They had two children, Rhoda 
and Viletta. Mahala married Benjamin Howell, and they had 
eleven children. Sinai married Absalom Keithley. John H. 
married the widow of Capt. James Callaway, whose maiden name 
was Nancy Howell. Nancy married Felix Scott. Hiram died 
when he was about grown. The names of John H. Castlio's 
children were — John C.,Fortunatus, Jasper N., OthanielC, Hiram 
B., and Zerelda E. 

Campbell. — James Campbell, of Scotland, settled in Essex 
county, Virginia, and married a Miss Montague. They had 
only one child, James, Jr., when Mr. Campbell died, 
and his widow mai'ried a Mr. Stubbs, of Richmond. James, Jr., 
married Lucinda S. Gautkins, of Virginia, and they had ten chil- 
dren — Mary M., Thacker, Charles G., Nanc}'^ H., Catharine L., 
James E., Elijah F., John, Caroline, and Lucy H. Mrs. Camp- 
bell died, and her husband was married a second time to Catha- 
rine Heihm, of Lynchburg. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and died in 1872, in his eighty-fifth year. His widow still lives 
(1875), in her eightieth year, but is sorely afflicted, being both 
blind and deaf. 

Cannon. — Joseph Cannon married Nancy Sitton, of North Caro- 
lina, and settled first in Tennessee, where he remained until 1811, 
when he removed to St. Charles county, Missouri. During the In- 
dian war he and his family lived in Kennedy's Fort. Mr. Cannon 
was a great hunter and Indian fighter, and had a great many ad- 
ventures. He once tracked a bear to ahollow log, and began to kin- 
dle a fire to smoke it out ; but as he was stooping down to blow 
the flames, the bear sprang out of the log and threw him on his back, 
and then ran away. He was so badly scared that he never saw 
the bear any more. The names of Mr. Cannon's children were 
Phillip, Sarah, Rachel, Keziah, and Nancy. Phillip married Eliz- 
abeth McCo3% ^^^^ they had ten children — George, Julia A., Ra- 
chel, William R., Nancy, Ellen, John, David M., Sarah, and 
Mathaneer. Sarah married Jerry Beckj of Lincoln county, and 
is now a widow. Rachel married Raphael Florathey, and lives 
in Iowa. Nancy married John Creech, of Lincoln county. 
Keziah died single. 

Carter. — Thomas Carter, of Virginia, married Judith Mc- 


Crawdy, and their children were — Jesse, Tliomas, Edward, Law- 
son, Christopher, and Dale. Thomas married Nancy Hutchings, of 
Virginia, and settled in St. Charles county in 1836. Christopher 
married Mar}' Soizes, whose father served seven years in the revo- 
lutionary war. They settled in St. Charles county in 1830. The 
names of their children were Frances, Rebecca, James, Jane, 
Ciiristopher, Judith, Thomas M., Mary, George, and Rolla. 
Thomas M. is the present sheriff of Lincoln county (1875). 

Collins. — The father of William Collins was an Englishman. 
At an early age William was bound out to learn the carpenter's 
trade, but becoming dissatisfied, he ran away and got married, 
which suited him better. He married Jane Blakey, of Warren 
county, Virginia, and they had six children — George, John, 
Reuben, Fanny, Elizabeth, and William. John married Fannj' 
Curtley, and settled in Franklin county, Missouri. George mar- 
ried Jane Eddings, of Warren county, Virginia, and settled in 
St. Charles county, Missouri, in 1825. They had seventeen 
children — Sarah, Elizabeth, Frances, Smith, Eliza, Nancy, Cla- 
rissa, James, Elijah, Thomas, William, Tandy, George, Sandy, 
Jane, Mary, and Joseph. Sandy, Joseph, and Mary died before 
they were grown. Elizabeth, Eliza, and Clarissa married and 
remained in Virginia. Sarah and Nancy married and settled in 
Warren county, Missouri. Smith married Emily Wyatt, and 
moved to Oregon. Thomas, William, and Frances settled in 
Henry county Missouri. Elijah settled in Arkansas, and George 
in Warren county, Missouri. 

Collins. — Nicholas Collins, of P^ngland, married M&rgaret 
Long, of Va., and they had two children, John and Lucy. John 
married Elizabeth Yager, of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles 
county, Missouri, in 1831. His children were — Sarah, Lucinda, 
Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, William K., and John J., all of whom, 
except Sarah and John, settled in St. Charles county. 

Cakr. — Elijah Carr was of Irish descent. He settled first in 
Hagarstown, Maryland, and in 1798 removed to Shelby county, 
Kentucky, from whence, in 1829, he removed to St. Ciiarles 
county, Missouri, where he died in 1832. He kept a distillery, 
and was a keen, shrewd, horse trader. His children were — Ruth, 
James, and John. Ruth married William Boyd, of Missouri. 
James was a zealous member of the Old Baptist Church, but joined 
the Misssionary Baptists when the division took place. He mar- 
ried Susan Jones, daughter of Silas Jones, of Shelby county, 
Kentucky, and they had nine children — Sally, Elizabeth, Hellen, 
Mary R., John, William, Susan L., James, and Eliza J. Mi's. 
Carr died in 1834, and he died in 1836. John Carr married 
Mary Dorsey, of Kentucky, and they had nine daughters. They 
lived at Louisville, Kentucky, where Mr. Carr died in 1865. 

Collier. — The father of John and George Collier lived in the 


State of New Jersey, not far from the city of Philadelphia. He 
died when they were quite young, and their mother being an en- 
ergetic, industrious woman, determined to do the best slie could 
for herself and family. She purchased two milk cows with 
the little money that her husband had left her, and opened a 
small dairy. It was not long until she owned and milked one 
hundred cows, and in a few years had accumulated a handsome 
fortune. Desiring to come West, she sold her dairy and other 
property, and, in 1815, came to St. Charles with her two sons 
and $40,000 in cash. The two boys, being no less energetic than 
their mother, supplied themselves with a small stock of goods, 
and for several years followed the tiresome and dangerous calling 
of country peddlers, carrying their goods on their backs. They 
made money, and in a few years opened a store in St. Charles. 
Here they rapidly augmented their means, and, desiring to ex- 
tend their business, they established a branch store at Troy, in Lin- 
coln county, and shortly after another in St. Louis. Mrs. Col- 
lier bought a residence in St. Charles, and kept several negro 
women busy making coarse shirts and various other kinds of gar- 
ments, which her sons sold in their stores. She was a devoted 
Methodist, and as earnest and zealous in her religion as in every- 
thing else. She always entertained the Methodist ministers when 
they came to St. Charles, and kept a room in her house exclusively 
for their benefit, no one else being allowed to use it. In 1830 
she had erected upon her own grounds the first Methodist house 
of worship in St. Charles, which was occupied by her congrega- 
tion for religious services, free of rent. She also authorized the 
occupancy of the house as a common school room, reserving, b}^ 
way of rent, the privilege of sending four pupils of her own selec- 
tion, at the then customary tuition price of $1 per month, each. 
The school progressed so satisfactorily that Mi-s. Collier deter- 
mined to appropriate $5,000 to the building of a school house for 
Protestant (.-hildren in the village ; and after giving the subject 
mature deliberation, she broached it to her son George. He not 
only heartily commended her plan, but desired to build the house 
himself — a larger and better one than $5,000 would pi'ocure — 
and that his mother's donation should constitute an endowment 
fund for the institution. This was agreed upon, and in 1834 the 
building, which has since been known as St. Charles College, was 
erected, at a cost, including the grounds, of $10,000. Beriah 
Cleland, well known to the older citizens of St. Charles, was the 
builder. The College was opened in 1835, under the presidency 
of Rev. John F. Fielding ; and for many years the President's 
salary was paid out of Mr. Collier's private purse. The College 
prospered beyond expectation under the liberal patronage of its 
generous benefactor, who gave in all fully $50,000 to the institu- 
tion. George Collier did more for the cause of education in his 


adopterl State than any other man, and has received but little 
credit for it. The alumni of the College spread through Missis- 
sippi, Louisiana, and the western part of this State, and opening 
schools and other institutions of* learning diffused the ben- 
efits of science and knowledge throughout an immense extent of 
country. Many of the leading men and educators of this State 
studied the sciences under the roof of this parent institution. 
Mrs. Collier died in 1835, but made provision in her will for the 
carrying out of her part of the philanthropic enterprise. By 
some mistake the sum donated by her was lost, but it was 
promptly replaced by her son, and at his death, in 1852, he left 
an endowment of $10,000 for the College, on condition that the 
County Court of St. Charles county donate a similar amount for 
the same purpose. The Court complied with the requirements of 
the will, and the College was promptly endowed with $20,000. 
George ColHer married Frize Morrison, daughter of James Mor- 
rison, of St. Charles. She was a Catholic, and according to the 
rules of her Church, could not be married by a Protestant minis- 
ter ; but Mr. Collier refusing to be married by a priest, the 
ceremony was performed ky Judge Benjamin Emmons. Mrs. 
Morrison wanted her daughter to be re-married bj' a priest of her 
Church, but Mr. Collier objected, saying that he was married well 
enough to suit him, and then added, good-humoredly, that if she 
wanted her daughter back again, she could take her. But the 
old lady concluded to let the matter drop, and said nothing more 
about the second ceremony. 

CoLGiN. — Daniel Colgin was a tailor by trade, and settled in St. 
Charles county (where the poor house now stands) in 1806. He 
made a deep cellar under his log cabin, and placed a trap door 
in the floor, just inside of the door, and every night when he went 
to bed this trap door was unfastened, so that if the Indians at- 
tacked the house and broke the door open they would fall into the 
cellar. He also kept an ax and a sledge hammer near his bed, 
to use in tapping Indians on the head ; but his house was never 
attacked, and his ingenious contrivances were never brought 
into use. In 1812 he removed to St. Charles, and opened a 
tailor's shop in that town. Here he dressed deer skins and manu- 
factured them into pants and hunting shirts, from which he derived 
a comfortable income. In 1814 he was elected Justice of the 
Pe.ace, and made a rather eccentric officer. (Some of his official 
acts are noticed under the head of "Anecdotes and Adventures.") 
His dwelling house and shop were one and the same, and there 
was but one window in the house, which contained only two panes 
of glass. The old gentleman kept a pet bear chained in his yard, 
and the boys of the town used to torment the poor beast until it 
would become furious. One day while they were teasing tlie 
bear, it broke the chain, and ran the boys all off the place. After 


that they let the bear alone. Colgin's wife was a native of Ken- 
tucky, and his daughters were said to be the prettiest girls in St. 

Craig. — Rev. James Craig married a daughter of Col. Nathan 
Boone. He was a Hard-Shell Baptist preacher, and preached 
and taught school in St. Charles for several years. He baptized, 
by immersion, in the Missouri river, the first person that ever 
received Protestant baptism in St. Charles. The candidate was 
a colored woman named Susan Morrison. Daniel Colgin assisted 
Mr. Craig to perform the ceremony, by wading out into the river 
and measuring the depth of the water with his cane, singing as 
he went— 

"We q,re going clown the river Jordan, 
As our Saviour went before." 

Revs. John M. Pec^k and Timothy Flint were present, and 
joined in the singing. 

Christy. — William Christy, Sr., and William Christy, Jr., were 
cousins, and natives of Pittsburgh, Pa. In 1800 the elder settled 
in St. Louis, where he opened a hotel and made a fortune. The 
younger was quartermaster for the troops at Bellefontaine during 
the war of 1812, and after the return of peace, he settled in St. 
Charles, and went into the mercantile business, which he followed 
for two years. He then went into politics, and was at different 
times clerk of the County and Circuit Courts. He was also Re- 
ceiver and County Treasurer, and Clerk of the Supreme Court. 
He married Constance St. Cyr, of St. Charles, and they had nine 
children — William M., Ellen, Leville, Martha T., Israel R., Mary 
A., Eliza, Louisa, and Clarissa. Mrs. Christy was well educated, 
and did a great deal of writing for her husband. They also kept 
boarders while the Legislature sat in St. Charles, and had so 
much patronage that they were compelled to hire beds from their 
counti-y friends for the accommodation of their guests. They 
paid 25 cents a week for the beds. Mr. Christy had an apple tree 
in his yard that bore 40 bushels of apples one summer, and his 
son, William M., who was a little fellow at the time, sold them 
on the street, and to the members of -the Legislature, at 25 cents 
per dozen, thus reaping a handsome income from the one apple 
tree. William M. Christy is still living in St. Charles. He 
served as sheriff and deputy sheriff of the county for sixteen 
years, and organized the first express company in St. Charles. 
He acted as express agent for ten years. 

Charlesworth. — Walter Charlesworth, of England, being 
captivated by the glowing tales of life in the New World, ran 
away from his parents at the age of eighteen years, and came to 
America. He remained a while at Wheeling. Va., and then went 
to St. Charlesville in Ohio, where he engaged in shipping pork to 
New Orleans and the West India Islands. He married Maiy A. 


Young, and in 1827 he came to St. Charles, Mo. They had two 
children, Walter J. and Eliza. The latter died, but the former is 
still living in St. Charles. Mrs. Charles worth died sometime 
after the removal to St. Charles, and her husband subsequently 
married Mary St. Louis, of Canada, who died, leaving no chil- 
dren. Charles Charlesworth, a brother of Walter, came from 
England with his wife, in 1840, and settled in St. Charles. Here 
his wife went blind, and subsequently died, when he started on 
his return to England, and died at New Orleans. They had six 
children — George, Martha, Ann, Charles, Mary, and Hannah. 

CoNOiER. — Peter Conoier was a Frenchman, and settled on 
Marais Croche Lake at an early date. He was very fond of 
hunting wild hogs, which he lassoed, being so expert in that art 
that he could throw the lariat over any foot of the hog that he 
chose, while it was running at full speed. He was married three 
times, and had several children. One of his sons, named Joseph, 
while going to school, was chastised by the teacher, for some mis- 
demeanor, and the old gentleman was greatly incensed thereat. 
He determined to whip the teacher in turn and went to the 
school house next morning for that purpose. Arriving at the 
school house, he drew his knife out and began to whet it on his 
foot, whereupon the teacher drew his knife, and invited him to 
"come on," if that were his game. But concluding that discre- 
tion was the better part of valor, he put up hi» knife, bade the 
teacher a polite good morning, and went home. 

Darst. — David Darst was born in Shenandoah Co., Va., De- 
cember 17, 1757, and died in St. Charles Co., Mo., December 2, 
1826. He married Rosetta Holman, who was born in Maryland, 
January 13, 1763, and died in Callaway Co., Mo., November 13, 
1848. She was buried in a shroud of homespun wool, which she 
made with her own hands when she was about middle-aged. Mr. 
Darst removed from Virginia to Woodford Co., Ky., in 1784, and 
in 1798 he left Kentucky with his wife and seven children, and 
settled in (now) St. Charles Co., Mo., on what has since been 
known as Darst's Bottom. Some of the leading men of Ken- 
tucky gave him a very complimentary letter to the Spanish 
authorities in St. Louis, which enabled him to obtain several 
grants of land for himself and children. The names of his chil- 
dren were — Mary, Elizabeth, Absalom, Isaac, Sarah, Jacob, 
Samuel, Nancy, and David H. Mary married Thomas Smith, of 
Callaway county, and died ; he then married her sister Eliza- 
beth. Isaac married Phoebe, daughter of Jonathan Bryan. 
Sarah and Samuel died before they were grown. Jacob lived in 
Texas, and was killed by the side of Col. Crockett at the battle of 
the Alamo. Nanc}' married Col. Patrick Ewing, of Callaway Co. 
David H. married Mary Thompson, and lived and died in Darst's 
Bottom. They had thirteen children — Violet, Rosetta H., Mar- 


garet R., Elizabeth I., Nancy E., Harriet, Mary T., David A. 
Lorena, Henry, Martha, William, and Julia. Mr. Darst was a very 
systematic man, and for many years kept a book in which he re- 
corded every birth and death, and all important incidents that 
occurred in the community. This book would have been very 
interesting, but it was destroyed by fire several years ago. 

Day. — Robert Day, of England"; emigrated to Amei'ica and 
settled in Maryland, where he had two sons born, Frank and 
Robert. The latter died while a boy. Frank moved to Wythe 
Co., Va., where he married Mary Forbish. They had twelve 
children — Nancy, Polly, Aves, Peggy, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Jane, 
Frank, jr., Nathaniel, George, Nilen, and James. Nancy was 
killed by a horse. Polly married in Kentucky, and settled in St. 
Louis in 1815. Aves died single. Peggy married Solomon 
Whittles, of St. Charles Co., Mo. Jane married John Proctor, 
and settled in Warren Co., Mo. Frank, Nathaniel, and George 
all died bachelors, in Missouri. Nilen married Susan Wilson. 
James married Emily Rochester, of Virginia, and settled in St. 
Charles Co., Mo., from whence he removed to Lincoln county, 
where he still resides. When quite a bo}^ he and a young friend 
of his spent a night at Amos Burdine's, and slept on a bed that 
had a buckskin tick. During the night they felt something very 
hard and uncomfortable in the bed under them, and determined 
to find out what it was. They had no knives to cut the tick with, 
so they gnawed a hole in it with their teeth, and drew out a 
buck's head with the horns attached, after which the>y did not 
wonder that they had slept uncomfortably. During the operation 
of drawing the horns out of the bed, the boys broke out several 
of their front teeth. Mr. Robert Day settled in Dog Prairie, St. 
Charles Co., in 1819, and spent the rest of his life there. 

Davidson, — Andrew Davidson, of Kentucky, came to Missouri 
in 1811, but returned in 1813, and married Sarah Johnson. In 
1830 he came back to Missouri and settled in St. Charles county. 
His children were — Susan, Greenberry, William, Angeline, Eliza 
J., Salome, and John. The old gentleman was a great friend of 
the Indians, and in order to manifest his good feelings, he kept a 
lot of tobacco with which he would fill their pouches when they 
stopped at his house. One of his sons, a mischievous lad, 
poured a pound of gunpowder into the tobacco, and several of the 
Indians got their faces and noses burnt in attempting to smoke it. 
This, of course, was taken as a mortal offence, and it was with 
the greatest difficulty that Mr. Davidson kept the Indians from 
killing himself and family. 

Drtjmmond. — James Drummond, of England, settled in Fau- 
quier Co., Va., prior to the American revolution, and served in 
the patriot army during the war. He had two sons, James, jr. , 
and Milton, who came to Missouri. James married Martha 


Lucas, of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1834. 
He was a soldier in the war of 1812. He had seven children — 
Elias, Harrison, Mary, James, Catharine, William, and Eliza- 
beth. Mary married Wm. E. Jackson, and settled in St. Charfes 
county in 1835. Catharine married George M. Ryan, of Vir- 
ginia, and is now living in St. Charles county. William and 
Elizabeth died in Virginia. Elias lives in St. Louis. Harrison 
married Elizabeth Wilkinson, and settled in St. Charles county in 
1834. James settled in Mississippi. 

Dyer. — John Dyer, of Greenbriar county, Virginia, married a 
Miss Roley, and they had six children — George, James, John, 
Polly, Pauline, and Marktina. George married Margaret Hayden, 
of Kentucky, and settled in Pike county, Missouri, in 1838 ; in 
1840 he removed to St. Charles county. His children were — 
Rosana, Elvira, Mary J., William C, Eliza, Martin V., Lucy, and 
J^lizabeth. Rosana married Pleasant Colbert, of Lincoln county. 
Elvira married Dr. Sidney R. Ensaw, an Englishman, who settled 
in St. Charles county, in 1836. Eliza married James McNanone, 
of St. Louis county, who died, and she afterward married John 
J. Sthallsmith, of St. Charles county. P^lizabeth married Fred- 
erick Grabenhorst, of St. Charles county. Martin V. is a 
Catholic priest, and lives in New York. 

Denney. — Charles Denney, of Germany, settled within the 
limits of the State of Missouri while the country belonged to 
Spain. He married Rachel Clark, and they had eight children — 
Christine, Magdalene, Mary, Adeline, Ann, Charles, John, and 
Raphael. Mr. Denney was an herb doctor, and treated the 
simpler classes of diseases. He was also something of a dentist, 
and pulled teeth for people when they came to him for that pur- 
pose. He lived on Dardenne creek, where he built a water mill, 
which supplied the people of the vicinity with meal and flour for 
many years. He finally grew tired of milling, and erected a dis- 
tillery, but this did not pay so well, and he went back to his 
former occupation. In the meantime his wife had lost her sight, 
but could still I'ecognizc her old acquaintances by their voices. 
She could give the history of every person in the county, and it 
was quite interesting to hear her converse about early times in 
Missouri. Denney finally sold his mill, and removed to the Fever 
River lead mines, where he was unfortunate, and lost all his 
property. He then returned to Dardenne, and with the assistance 
of his old neighbors re-purchased his mill, 

Davis. — Lewis Davis, of Albemarle county, Virginia, had seven 
children — P^dward, Matthew, Rachel, William, Rhoda, Martha, 
and Virginia. Edward married Miss Walton, of Virginia, and 
settled in St. Charles county, Missouri, in 1829. The names of 
his- children were — Mary A., Joel A., and Lucy M. Mary A. 
married Ira Shannon, of New York. Joel A. married Frances A. 


Guthrie, of Virginia. Lucy M. married Peter Randolph, of "Vir- 
ginia. Edward Davis was a blacksmith, and had a shop on 
McCoy's creek. Like most of the early settlers, he was fond of a 
good article of whisky, and when his supply ran out he would 
take a sack of corn on his horse, go the distillery, and have it 
made into whisky, without the fear of revenue officers before his 
eyes, for they had no such encumbrances then. 

Edwards. — Ambrose Edwards and his wife, whose maiden 
name was Olive Martin, were married in Albemarle county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1775. They had ten children — Brice, James, John, 
Child's, Henry, Joseph, Booker, .Carr, Susannah, and Martha. 
Brice was a Major in the war of 1812. He married Martha 
Barksdale, of Virginia, and settled in Warren county, Missouri, in 
1836. James never married, and died in Virginia. John married 
Patsey Johnson, of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles county, 
Missouri, in 1837. Childs married Nancy Hughlett, of Virginia, 
and settled in Howard county, Missouri, in 1834. Henry married 
Sarah M. Waller, a daughter of Carr Waller and Elizabeth Martin, 
of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles county, Missouri, in 1835. 
Their son, W. W. Edwards, was United States District Attorney, 
and is now Circuit Judge for the St. Charles circuit. His brother, 
A. H. Edwards, served two terms as Representative of St. 
Charles county in the Legislature, and is now State Senator from 
that district. Both are talented and able men, and their prospects 
for future advancement are good. Their father died in 1844, but 
their mother is still living (1875). Joseph Edwards lived and 
died a bachelor, in St. Charles county. Booker also died a 
bachelor, in Virginia. Carr married LavenbaLanier, of Virginia, 
and settled in St. Charles county, Missouri, in 1835. Susannah 
married Carr Waller, of Virginia. Martha married Milton Ferney, 
who settled in St. Charles county, Missouri, in 1837. 

Emerson. — John Emerson, of England, emigrated to America, 
and settled in St. Charles county, Maryland. His youngest son, 
Edward D., married Elizabeth Downs, of Maryland, and settled 
in Pike county, Missouri, in 1818. He was married three times, 
and raised a large family of children. His son, Daniel, married 
Catharine Smiley, and they had thirteen children. His first wife 
died, and he was married the second time to Ellen Boice, of St. 
Louis, who bore seven children. Mr. Emerson was Captain of 
militia in Pike county for four years. He removed to St. Charles 
county in 1840. When he was a young man, courting his first 
wife, he went to see her one day, and got very wet in a heavy 
shower of rain that fell while he was on the road. When he got 
to the house he found no one at home, so he built a fire and lay 
down before it, and went to sleep. He slept sometime, and was 
awakened by his buckskin pants drawing tight around his legs and 
body as they dried. They were so tight that he could not 


straighten himself, and while he was in that condition his sweet- 
heart came. She laughed at him a little, and then procured him 
dry clothing in which to dress. 

Emmons. — Benjamin Emmons and his wife came from one of the 
Eastern States and settled on Dardenne Prairie, near the present 
town of Cottleville, in St. Charles county. Several years after- 
ward he removed to the town of St. Charles and opened a hotel. 
He was also elected Justice of the Peace, and, being a man of 
education and intelligence, was chosen by the people of his county 
to represent them in the first State Constitutional Convention, 
which met at St. Louis in 1820. He afterward served in both 
houses of the Legislature for several terms, to the entire satisfac- 
tion of his constituents. In 1832 St. Charles was visited by that 
dreadful pestilence, the Asiatic cholera, and many persons Were 
swept into untimely graves. Mr. Emmons fearlessly offered his 
assistance to the afflicted, and nursed the sick night and day ; 
thereby saving many lives. He was assisted in this good office 
by a Mr. Loveland, proprietor of the ferry at St. Charles. Mr» 
Emmons had two children — Daphney, and Benjamin, Jr. Daph- 
ney married a Mr. McCloud, who was the first editor of the St. 
Charles Gazette. He died, and she afterward married Alonzo 
Robinson, a school teacher, who moved to California and died. 
Benjamin, Jr., was County and Circuit Clerk of St. Charles 
county for many years, and is now practicing law in St. Louis. 

Easton. — Col. Rufus P^aston, a well known lawyer of St. Louis, 
removed to St. Charles at an early date, and entered upon the 
practice of his profession there, in which he was very successful, 
and accumulated a considerable fortune. He raised a large fam- 
ily of children, whose names were — Alton, Joseph, Langdon, 
Henry, Mary, Louisa, Joanna, Rosella, Adda, Sarah, and 
Medora. Mary Easton, the eldest daughter, married Major 
George C. Sibley, who served in the war of 1812. He was 
appointed by the Governor of Missouri, a number of years after- 
ward, to survey the route to Pike's Peak and New Mexico. 
During his residence in St. Charles he improved the beautiful 
place now owned by Capt. John Shaw, and donated the land upon 
which Lindenwood College is built. His wife, before her marriage, 
traveled over a large portion of the United States, on horseback, 
in company with her father. She made several trips to New 
York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore in that way. After the 
death of her husband she visited I^urope several times, and made 
preparations to go as a missionary to China, but death prevented 
her from carrying out her intentions. She and her husband did a 
great deal for the cause of education and religion in St. Charles, 
and will long be remembered by the citizens of that place. 

FuLKERsoN. — James Fulkerson, of Germany, came to America 
and settled first in North Carolina, and afterward removed to 


Virginia. He had twelve cliildren — Peter, James, John, Thomas, 
Abraham, Jacob, Isaac, William, Polly, Catharine, Hannah, and 
Mary. Isaac married Rebecca Neil, of Lee county, Va. , in 
1799, and came to Missouri and settled in Darst's Bottom in 
1814. He served in the State Senate one term. He had ten 
children — William N., James P., Virginia, Bathsheba V., Fred- 
erick, Catharine H. , Isaac D., Margaret A., Peter H., and Jacob. 
William N. married Ellen Christy, and they had nine children. 
James P. married Louisa Stanbal'k. Virginia maiTied Caleb 
Berry. Bathsheba married Judge John A. Burt. Fi-ederick 
married Ann Miller. Catharine H. married Shapley Ross. Isaac 
married Mary Wheeler. Margaret A. married Gordon H. Wal- 
ler, who was Judge of St. Charles County Court one term. Peter 
H. married Martha V. Montague, and they had fifteen children. 
Jacob died in infancy. 

Ferrell. — Benjamin Ferrell, of Mecklenburg county, Va., had 
two children — Hutchings and Martha. Hutchings was a mer- 
chant, and married Mary Pennington, of Virginia. They had 
four children — Frederick, Benjamin P., Martha, and Hutchings, 
Jr. Frederick settled in St. Charles county in 1833, and never 
married. Benjamin P. came with his mother to St. Charles 
county in 1832. He married Sally Hutchings, and they had two 
children — Ann and Alexander. Martha died single, in 1828' 
Hutchings, Jr., married Ann Hutchings, and settled in St. Charles 
county in 1832. They had four children — Martha S., Robert W. , 
Wiiham P., and Benjamin H. Mrs. Ferrell died, and he was 
married the second time to the widow of John McClenny, who 
had one child — Redman M. By his last wife Mr. Ferrell has had 
six children — Mahala, Henry, Urucilla, Susan, Julia, and Jennie. 

Frazier. — David Frazier, of Virginia, settled in St. Charles 
county in 1804. He had two sons, Jerry and James. Jerry was 
killed in Virginia. James married Jane Anderson, of Pennsylva- 
nia, who was of Irish birth, and settled in St. Charles count}' in 
1804. They had twelve children — David, James, John, William, 
Thomas, Martin, Sally, Elizabeth, Polly, Catharine, Jane, and 
Abigail. David married EUzabeth Fry, and lived in Virginia. 
James married Polly Crow. John was married first to Mary 
Shuck, and after her deatli he married Sally T. Hall. The latter 
was a grand-daughter of Alexander Stewart, who was captured 
by the British during the Revolutionary war, and taken to P^n- 
gland, where he was kept in prison one year. When he returned 
he found all his property advertised for sale, his friends sup- 
posing him dead. 

Flint. — Rev. Timothy Flint, a Presbyterian minister of Con- 
necticut, settled in St. Charles in 1816. He was an educated 
man and devoted much of his time to literature. Several inter- 
esting works were written by him ; but in manj' instances he 



allowed his vivid imagination to lead him aside from the facts of 
history, and his writings are not to be relied upon in regard to 
accuracy. A number of his imaginary sketches of Daniel Boone 
have been accepted as true, and copied into leading histories 
of our country. One of these, representing a desperate hand-to- 
hand contest between Boone and two savages, in which the former 
slays both of his antagonists, has been represented in marble, and 
adorns the Capitol at Washington City. But the incident origin- 
ated wholly in Mr. Flint's imagination. He was a poet, also, 
and wrote some passable verses. He organized a church in St. 
Charles, and performed a great deal of laborious missionary 
service in different parts of Missouri and Illinois, supporting 
himself and family by teaching school, assisted by his wife, who 
was also an excellent teacher. He opened a farm on Marais 
Croche Lake, where he raised cotton, and made wine from wild 
grapes. He resided in St. Charles county for a number of years, 
and then went to the South for missionary service, where he died 
soon after. 

Green. — James Green emigrated from North Carolina in 1797, 
and settled first in St. Louis county, where he remained two 
years. In 1799 he removed to St. Charles county and settled 
on what has since been known as Green's Bottom, where he ob- 
tained a Spanish grant for 800 arpents of land. Mr. Green, who 
was a plain, honest farmer, had a passion for running for office, 
and was a candidate at nearly every election. He was always 
defeated, but did not seem to mind that, being satisfied, apparently, 
with the pleasure it afforded him to be a candidate. The largest 
number of votes he ever received at an election was 70, and the 
smallest 11. He married in North Carolina, and raised five chil- 
dren — Robert, John, James, Squire, and Elizabeth. 

The next settler in Green's Bottom was James Flaugherty, 
who came there in October, 1799. He received a Spanish grant 
for 600 arpents of land. The next settlers in Green's Bottom, 
that we have any record of, were Peter, Joseph and James Jer- 
ney, who came there with their families at a very early date. All 
received grants of land, and the liberality of the Spanish authori- 
ties soon filled the Bottom with enterprising settlers. 

Gaty. — George Gaty, of Italy, came to America and settled 
first in Pennsylvania, where he married Christiana Smith. In 1797 
he came to Missouri, and settled in what is now called St. Charles 
county. He had five children — John, Mary, Theresa, Christiana, 
and George N. John married Jerusha Burklco, and they had 
thirteen children. Mary married Samuel Burkleo, and they had 
five children. Theresa was married first to Isaac Robinson, and 
after his death she married Allen Turnbaugh. She had ten 
children in all. Christiana married William Burns. George 
N. married Edna Burkleo, and they had eleven children. 


Griffith, — Samuel Griffith, of New York, settled on the point 
below St. Charles in 1795. He was therefore one of the very first 
American settlers in the present limits of the State of Missouri. 
Daniel M. Boone had been here previous to his arrival, and the 
rest of the Boone family must have come about the same time 
that Mr. Griffith did. They all came the same year, at any rate. 
Mr. Griffith was married in North Carolina, and had four ciiildren 
— Daniel A., Asa, Mary, and Sarah. Daniel A. married Matilda 
McKnight, and they had five children. Asa married Elizabeth 
Johnson ; they had five children. Mary married Wilson Overall, 
and Sarah married Foster McKnight. 

Guthrie. — Robert Guthrie was a native of Scotland, but emi- 
grated to America and settled first in Virginia, from whence he 
removed to Williamson Co., Tennessee. He had five children — 
William, David, Samuel T. , Robert, and Finley. Samuel T. and 
Robert settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1819, and the former 
assessed the county in 1820. In 1821 he removed to Callaway 
county. Robert married Matilda H. Maury, a sister of the cel- 
ebrated Lieutenant M. F. Maury, of the U. S. Nav3^ They had 
nine children — Diana, Eiiza L., Harriet, Richard M., John M., 
Matthew F., Robert M., Cornelia J., and Mary. These ai'e all 
dead except Eliza, Matthew F., Robert M., and Mary. 

Gill. — John Gill, of Scotland, married Margaret Pitner, of 
Cumberland Co., Va., and they had four children — Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Sally, and John. Mary married Archibald Bilboa, of 
Kentucky, and after their deaths their children moved to Indiana. 
Elizabeth married James Martin, and they removed to Missouri 
and settled in St. Charles county ; they had five children. 
John married Mary Watts, and settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 
1821. He was a carpenter, and worked two years in St. Louis 
before he went to St. Charles. They had ten children — Margaret 
A., Peter W., Sarah A., Elizabeth M., William I., John P., 
Bently T., Adam F., Lucy G., and Mary B. Mrs. Gill had a 
sister (Mrs. McFall,) who was scalped by the Indians, but 

GivExs. — James Givens, of Augusta, Co., Va., had the follow- 
ing named children — Robert, Samuel, James, Jr., John, Benja- 
min, and Martha. They all settled in Lincoln Co., Ky., in 1780. 
Benjamin married Hannah Riggs, of Kentucky, and settled in 
Howard Co., Mo., in 1821. John married Martha Robinson, of 
Kentucky. The}^ had seven children — James, Margaret, Samuel, 
Robert, Jane, Alexander R., and Martha. ' Of these children, 
Martha? and Margaret died single in Kentucky ; Robert, Jane, and 
Alexander married and settled in Johnson county, Missouri ; 
Samuel married Sarah S. Organ, of Indiana, and came to Mis- 
souri in 1823, and in 1825 he removed to St. Charles county. He 
was a soldier in the Black Hawk war. They had eight children, 


five of whom are living. Mr. Givens brought his wedding coat (a 
blue "pigeon-tail") with him when he came to Missouri, and his 
wedding boots, which had never been wet. He also brought the 
gammon stick which he used for hanging hogs at butchering time. 
These articles are still preserved in the family. 

Grantham. — Joseph Grantham, of England, came to America^ 
and settled in Jefferson county, Va. The names of his children 
were — John, Lewis, Mary, and Jemima. John married Mary Stri- 
der, of Virginia, and they had one child, a son, which they named 
Taliaferro. He married Mary D. Ashley, daughter of Major 
Samuel Ashley, of the war of 1812, who was the son of Captain 
John Ashley, a soldier of the Revolution. Mr. Grantham settled 
in St. Charles county in 1835, and in 1836 he laid out the town of 
Flint Hill, which he named for Flint Hill, of Rappahannock 
county, Va. He built a house in the new town the same year,, 
and kept it as a hotel. When the war with Mexico began Mr. 
Gratham enlisted and was commissioned Captain of volunteers. 
He had six children — Samuel A., Charles W., Jamison M., 
Martha C, Mary C, and Maria. 

Garvin. — Alexander Garvin, of Pennsylvania, married Amy 
Mallerson, and settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1819. His 
cabin was built of poles, and was only 16x18 feet in size, covered 
with linden bark weighted down with poles. The chimney was com- 
posed of sticks and mud. The house was built in one day, and 
they moved into it the next. Mr. Garvin and his wife had seven 
children — Amy, Margaret, Permelia, Alexander, Jane R., Julia 
A., and Fannie D. Amy, Julia and Permelia all died single. 
Margaret was married first to Thomas Lindsay, and after his 
death she married Joles Dolby, and is now a widow again. Alex- 
ander married Elizabeth Boyd. Jane R. married Robert Bowles. 
Fannie D. married Robert Roberts. 

Heald. — A Mr. Heald, of England, settled in Massachusetts at 
a very early date. He was married twice, and by his first wife he 
had two sons, Nathan and Jones. Nathan was born in April, 
1775. He received a military education, and entered the army 
as Lieutenant, but was soon afterward promoted to the rank of 
Captain, and at the commencement of the war of 1812 he was 
placed in command of Fort Dearborne, where Chicago now stands. 
Here they were attacked by a large body of Indians, who cap- 
tured the fort, murdered the garrison, and carried Capt. Heald 
and his young wife away as prisoners into their own country. 
(See "Anecdotes and Adventures.") During his captivity he 
was promoted to the rank of Major, but did not receive his 
commission until after he had been exchanged. In 1817 Maj. 
Heald came to Missouri with his family, and settled in St, Charles 
county, not far from the present town of O' Fallon, where he spent 
the remainder of his life. He died in 1832, leaving a widow and 


three children — Mary, Darius, and Margaret. Mary married 
David McCausland. Darius is now living on the old place. He 
was married twice ; first to Virginia Campbell, and second to Mat- 
t.e Hunter. He has seven children. Margaret died unmarried, 
in 1837. — Jones Heald, brother of Major Nathan Heald, never 
married. He lived in St. Louis until after the death of his 
brother, when he went to St. Charles county, and lived part of 
the time at the home of his sister-in-law, and part at Judge Bates'. 
He died in St. Louis not many years ago. 

Huffman. — George Huffman was a native of Pennsylvania, but 
removed to Buckingham county, Va., where he married and lived 
until 1789, when he brought his family to Missouri. He had five 
■children — Peter, Christina, George, Catharine, and Elizabeth. 
Peter was a soldier in the war of 1812. He married Susan Sen- 
ate, of Kentucky, and they had thirteen children. (The names 
of eleven of the children were — Elizabeth, Margaret, John, Sarah, 
George, Abraham, Maria, Lucinda, Lucre tia, Elijah, and Cassan- 
■der. ) Christina married Daniel Baldridge. George married 
Catharine Wolff, and they had five children — Peter, Elizabeth, 
William, Abraham, and James. Catharine married Henry Hav- 
erstakes. Elizabeth married John Weldon. 

HuTCHiNGs. ^Charles and Peter Hutchings lived in Virginia. 
Peter married Elizabeth Brim, and they had eight children — John, 
Peter W., Elizabeth W., David, Washington, Charles, Ann, and 
Sally. David, Washington, Charles, Ann, and Sally all came to 
St. Charles county in 1831. Susan married William Peebles, and 
settled in Williamson county, Tenn. The other two children re- 
mained in Virginia. David was married twice, first to Sally But- 
ler, and second to Polly Lett. Washington also married twice, 
first to Nancy Wooten, and second to the widow Brumwell, 
whose maiden name was Elizabeth Harris. Ann married Hutch- 
ings Ferrell. Sally was married twice, first to Benjamin Ferrell, 
and second to Robert Mcintosh. 

Howell. — John Howell was born in Pennsylvania, but moved 
to North Carolina, where he had three sons — John, Thomas, and 
Francis. John moved to Tennessee, where he died, leaving a 
widow and four children. Thomas lived in South Carolina until 
after the revolutionary war. He married a Miss Bearfield. Fran- 
cis married Susan Stone, daughter of Benjamin Stone, of South 
Carolina, and emigrated to what is now the State of Missouri in 
1797. He first settled thirty miles west of St. Louis, in (now) 
St. Louis county, where he lived three years, and then 
removed to (now) St. Charles county, and settled on what has 
since been known as Howell's Prairie. Soon after his settlement 
there he built a mill, which was called a "band mill," because 
it was run by a long band. This was doubtless the first mill erected 
north of the Missouri river, except perhaps a small one at St. 


•Charles. Some time afterward Mr. Howell built another mill on 
his farm, which was run by a large cog-wheel and was called a 
■cog-mill. His place was a noted resort during early times. Mus- 
ters and drills were frequently held there, and Indian agents in 
conducting Indians to and from St. Louis, often stopped there for 
supplies. Mr. Howell died in 1834, in his 73d year, and his wife 
died eight years afterward. They had ten children — John, 
Thomas, Sarah, Newton, Francis, Jr., Benjamin, Susan L,, Lewis, 
James F., and Nancy. John was married three times, and died 
in his 87th year, leaving nine children. He was a ranger in Capt. 
James Callaway's company. Thomas married Susann?>h Calla- 
way, sister of Capt. Callaway, in whose company he also served 
as a ranger. They had fourteen children. Mr. Huwell died in 
his 85th year, but his widow survives, in her 87th year. (See 
* 'Anecdotes and Adventures.") Newton married the widow 
Rachel Long. They had ten children, and he died in his 74th 
year. Francis, Jr., married the widow Polly Ramsey, who was 
the daughter of James and Martha Meek. He died in his 82d 
jear, and his widow is still living, in her 87th year. They had 
no children. Mr. Howell served as a ranger two years, part of 
the time in Capt. Callaway's company, and was Colonel of militia 
for five years. Benjamin married Mahala Castlio, and they had 
twelve children. He died in his 63d year. He was Captain of a 
company of rangers for two years. Susan married Larkin S. 
Callaway, son of Flanders Callaway, and died at the age of 33 
years. She had seven children. James F. married Isabella Mor- 
ris, and died in his 33d year. Nancy was married twice, first to 
Capt. James. Callaway, and after his death she married John H. 
Castho. Lewis received a classical education, and followed 
the profession of a teacher for many j'^ears. Some of the best 
educated men and women of the State received instruction from 
him. His life has been an eventful one, dating back to the very 
earliest period of the existence of our commonwealth, and as it 
cannot fail to be of interest to the reader, we here present the 
following autobiographical sketch, which he kindly prepared for 
this work, at the solicitation of the compilers : 

" When I was eight or nine years old I went to school to an 
Irishman, about a year and a half, who taught school near where 
I lived. In about a year and a half after this, I went to school a 
few months to a gentleman by the name of Prospect K. Robbins, 
from Massachusetts, and when I was nearly twelve years old I 
went to the same gentleman again for a few months, and made 
considerable progress during this term in arithmetic. The war 
of 1812 then came on, and I was nearly stopped from pursuing 
my studies. 1 studied asT had an opportunity. After the war I 
was placed by my father in a school in the city of St. Louis, 
taught by a Mr. Tompkins, who afteward became one of the 


Supreme Judges of this State. I did not continue in this school 
long, but was brought to St. Charles and placed in the care of Mr. 
U. J. Devore, with whom I remained several months. English 
grammar was my principal study while at St. Louis and St. 
Charles. I was now about sixteen, and when about seventeen,, 
as ray old teacher, U. J. Devore, had been elected Sheriff, he 
selected me for his deputy. I was accordingly sworn in and 
entered the service, young as I was. There were but two coun- 
ties at this time north of the Missouri river— St. Charles and How- 
ard — the former of which embraced now the counties of St. 
Charles, Warren, Montgomery, Lincoln, and Pike. Tliere were i^o 
settlements any further West at this time, until you came to 
the Booneslick country, embraced in Howard. I had to ride 
over the five counties before named, collecting taxes, serving 
writs, etc. I continued in this business a few months, when I 
relinquished the office of Deputy and entered the store of J. 
& G. Collier, in St. Charles, as one of their clerks. I remained 
with them a few months, and as my father and Mr. John Collier, 
the elder of the brothers, could not agree on the terms of remain- 
ing with them, I wejit back to my father's farm, where I labored 
a short time, when my father, having some business in Ken- 
tucky, took me with him to that State. On our return to Missouri 
we overtook a small family on the road, moving to our State, 
by the name of Reynolds, originally from the city of Dulin, in 
Ireland. He and my father got into couA'ersation, and he appear- 
ed so well pleased with the description my father gave him of this 
section that he determined, before we separated, to come to the 
neighborhood where we were living. With this gentleman, whom 
I believe was a profound linguist, I commenced the study of 
the Latin language. I can say without egotism, that I am very 
certain I was the first person that commenced the study of 
Latin between the two great rivers, Missouri and Mississippi. 
I found it very difficult to get the necessary books, and had 
to send to Philadelphia for the authors which my teacher recom- 
mended. With him I read Ovid, Ctesar, Virgil, Horace and a 
few others. Shortly after this (as Mr. Reynolds had left 
the State) I went and spent a few months with my old teacher, 
Gen'l. P. K. Robbins, where and with whom I studied a few math- 
ematical branches, and this closed my literary studies at school. 
I finally gave out studying medicine, which I had long con- 
templated, and came home to my father's. I was now about 
twenty-one years of age, and several of the neighbors and some 
of my relations being very anxious that I should teach school for 
them, I at last, yet somewhat reluctantly, consented, and accord- 
ingly taught school a few months, and was not very well pleased 
with tl e avocation. 

"About this time there was considerable talk about the 


province of Texas, and about the inducements that were held out 
for persons to emigrate to that country. In consequence of this 
stir about Stephen F. Austin's colony, a company of us agreed to 
pay it a visit and examine the country and ascertain the prospects 
of getting land ; but all finally gave out going except my brother 
Frank and myself. We, therefore, alone, left Missouri January 
22, 1822, for the Spanish province of Texas, which, however, we 
never reached. Having gone fifty or sixty miles south of Red 
river, my brother, who was seven or eight years older than myself, 
and of more experience, thought it was imprndent to proceed 
further, on account of the difficulties in the way. We therefore 
retraced our steps and arrived at home between the first and 
middle of March. I labored on my father's farm until fall, and 
in October, when a few months over twenty-two, I left home 
for the State of Louisiana. I took a steamboat at St. Louis 
and landed at Iberville early in November. This place was 
about ninety miles above New Orleans, where I remained until 
spring, having been employed by a physician (a prominent man 
of the parish) to teach his and a neighbor's children, and to regu- 
late his books, etc., he having an extensive praetice. I was treated 
rather badly by him, and in the spring I went down to the city 
of New Orleans and took passage on a steamboat, and returned to 
Missouri, and commenced farming, my father having given me a 
piece of land which I commenced improving. A year or two 
previous to this I went a session to a military school, taught by 
an old revolutionary officer. I took, at this time, a considerable 
interest in military tactics, and a year or two after this I was ap- 
pointed and commissioned Adjutant of the St. Charles Militia, 
my brother Frank being Colonel of the regiment. This office I 
held for several 3'ears, when I resigned", it being the only military 
office I ever held ; and the only civil office I ever had was that of 
Deputy Sheriff, as already stated. After this time, I turned my 
attention to teaching and farming, and in June, 1833, I married 
Serena Lamme, the daughter of William T. and P'rances Lamme, 
and great-granddaughter of Col. Daniel Boone, the pioneer of 
Kentucky. I was then in my thirty-fourth year. We have had 
six children, three of whom have already gone to the grave, the 
youngest of those living being now about twenty-two years old. 
I still continued teaching, and kept a boarding school, and had my 
farm also carried on, until the close of the civil war, when I 
stopped farming, as the servants I owned had been liberated. I 
therefore rented out my farm, moved to the little village of 
Mechanicsville, where I built and commenced a boarding school, 
being assisted by an eminent young lady, a graduate of one of 
the female seminaries of Missouri. This school was carried on 
for five sessions, the last two or three mostly by the young lady 
before named, as my health had somewhat failed. 


"I have relinquished all public business whatever. I cultivate 
my little garden with my own hands ; am now in my seventy-sixtl> 
year ; enjoy tolerably good health for one of my age ; can ride 
35 or 40 miles in a day, and I believe I could walk 20. I am a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, to which I have belonged 
upwards of fifty years. I attribute my health and advanced age 
to my temperate habits, having never yielded to dissipation of 
any kind. 

Hatcher. — John Hatcher was a soldier in the revolutionary 
war, and afterward served twenty-one years in the Legislature of 
Virginia. He married Nancy Gentry, of Cumberland Co., Va., 
and they had sixteen children, of whom the following lived to be 
grown — Nancy, Susan, Polly, Joseph, Samuel, John, Elizabeth^ 
Martha, Henry, and Frederick. John and Henry came to St. 
Charles county in 1837. John had previously married a Miss 
Flippln, and after remaining in St. Charles county a short time, 
he returned to Virginia. Henry married Susan A. Speares, 
daughter of John Speares and Margaret Bates. They had twelve 
children — ^Ann M., Caroline, Charlotte V., Frederick, Martha, 
Mary E., Sally M., PermeUa, Worthy, John H., Henrietta, and 
Samuel. Ann M. married Strother Johnson. Caroline married 
Hon. Barton Bates, son of Hon. Edward Bates. Charlotte V. 
married Daniel H. Brown. Frederick never married. Martha 
died in childhood. Mary E. married George W. Jackson. Sally 
M. married Peyton A. Brown. Permelia married William E. 
Chaney worth. Worthy died when she was a young lady. John 
H. married Caroline Harris. Henrietta and Samuel are unmar- 

Hill. — James Hill, of Ireland, came to America and settled in 
Georgia. His children were — William H. , Alexander, Middleton, 
Thomas, James B., Oliver, and Jane. Alexander was in the 
war of 1812. He Inamed Miss Nancy Henry, of Tennessee, 
where he first settled. In 1817 he removed to Missouri and set- 
in Lincoln county. The names of his children were — Malcolm, 
James B., Jane, and Thomas A. The latter married Isabella 
Brown, of North Carolina, and settled in St. Charles Co., Mo. 
He had four children — William H., Andrew F., John A., and 
Middleton. Malcolm, son of Alexander Hill, settled in Texas, 
and his brother, James B., settled in Wisconsin. Thomas, son 
James Hill, Sr., married Elizabeth Henry, of Tennessee, and set- 
tled in Lincoln Co., Mo., in 1817. His children were, James A., 
Mary, Nancy J., and Thomas L. Nancy J. married John 
Wright, who settled in St. Charles county, and after her death he 
married her sister Mary. James Hill, Sr., was a great hunter, 
and spent most of his time in the woods. He died at the age of 
seventy-two years. 

Hayden. — Russell Hayden, of Marion Co., Ky., married Mary- 


Roper, and they had nine children — Ellen, Nancy, James K., 
-Margaret, Leo, Joseph T., Eliza, Mary J., and William B. 
James K. married Penina Williams^ and settled in Pike Co., Mo. 
Margaret married George Dyer, who settled in St. Charles Co., 
Mo., in 1838. Mary J. married Richard Hill, who settled in 
Missouri in 1838. William B. settled in St. Charles county in 
1838. . He married Mary Freymuth. 

Hendricks. — John Hendricks was a blacksmith, and had a 
shop, first at Audrain's mill on Peruque creek, but afterward 
removed to Mr. David K. Pittman's. He married a daughter of 
Phillip Sublett, and sister of William Sublett, the noted moun- 
taineer. Hendricks was an eccentric genius, and fond of playing 
pranks on other people. While he was living at Audrain's mill 
he played a trick on his neighbor, Mr. Robert Guthrie, that came 
near being the cause of his death. A stream of water ran 
through Mr. Guthrie's farm, across which he had felled a log that 
he used as a foot-bridge. One night Hendricks sawed the log 
nearly in two, from the under side, and next morning when Mr. 
Guthrie went to cross the creek upon it, it suddenly sank with 
him into the water, and he had a narrow escape from drowning, 
as the water was very deep at that place. At another time- Hen- 
dricks found some buzzard's eggs, and sold them to Mrs. Felix 
Scott for a new kind of duck's eggs. She was very proud of her 
purchase, and took a great deal of pains to hatch the eggs under 
a favorite old hen. But when the "ducks" came, and she saw 
what they were, she passed into a state of mind that might have 
been called vexation. Hendricks once had a large wen cut out of 
his hip, and during the operation he coolly smoked his pipe, as 
if nothing unusual were transpiring. 

HiGGiNBOTHAM. — Moscs Higgiubotham, of Tazewell county, 
Va., had eleven children. His third son, whose name was Moses, 
married Jane Smith, of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles Co., 
Mo., in 1838. They had the following children— Hiram K., 
Elizabeth, Siidney, Ellen, George W., and Minerva. Hiram K. 
married Millie Evans, and raised a large family of children before 
his death. Elizabeth married William A. Hawkins, of Warren 
county, Mo. Sidney and Ellen both lived in Virginia, where 
they married. George W. married Sarah A. Byer, and is still 
living in St. Charles county. Minerva never married, and is now 
living in St. Charles county. 

Iman. — Daniel Iman and his wife, whose maiden name was 
Barbara Alkire, settled in St. Charles county in 1818. They had 
nine children — Washington, Adam, Isaac, Daniel, Henry, Solo- 
mon, Katy, Mary, and Mahala. Washington married Louisa 
Griggs. Adam was married first to Nancy Hancock, and after 
her death he married Virginia Thornhill. Daniel was married 
first to Elizabeth Hancock, second to Martha A. McCutcheon^ 


and third to Ann Brittle. Mary married John Urf, and Mahala 
married Benjamin F. Hancock. 

Johnson, — George W. Johnson was a native of England, but 
emigrated to America, and settled in Northumberland Co., Va., 
where he married Mildred Dye, daughter of William Dye, by 
■whom he had — Eliza J., Henry V., Robert A., George C, 
William B., and Amanda N. Henry, Robert, and William all 
died single. Eliza, George, and Amanda married and settled in 

Johnson. — John Johnson, of England, settled in Albemarle Co., 
Va., at a very early date. He had two sons, Bailey and James. 
Bailey married a Miss Moreland, and they had nine children — 
Beall, Susan W., Bailey, Jr., John, Pinckard, Smith, George, 
Charles, and Presley. Bailey and Charles were the only ones 
who left Virginia. George was a soldier in the revolutionary 
war. He married Elizabeth Blackmore, of Virginia, and they had 
nine children — Elizabeth, Hannah, Catharine, Nancy, Charles, 
Edward, George, Bailey and Jemima. Nancy, Edward, Cath- 
iirine, and Jemima died in childhood, in Virginia. Charles was 
married twice, first to Rachel Woodward, and second to Har- 
riet Ficklin, both of Virginia. By his first wife he had three chil- 
dren, and by the second four. In 1836 he bought Nathan Boone's 
farm and settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., but in 1846 he removed 
to Illinois. Elizabeth married Rodman Kenner, who settled in 
St. Charles county in 1834. Hannah married Joseph B. Stallard, 
"who settled in St. Charles county in 1835. George S. married 
Mrs. Eliza A. Hunter, whose maiden name was Gautkins. She 
was a daughter of Edward Gautkins and Mary Oty, of Bedford 
Co., Va. Bailey was married twice, first to Catharine Forshea, 
and after her death to Nancy Campbell. 

Johnson. — John Johnson, of Tennessee, settled on "the 
point" below the town of St. Charles, in 1805. His father was 
killed by the Indians when he was a small boy, and he grew up 
with a natural antipathy to the race. He became a noted Indian 
fighter^ and never let an opportunity pass to slay a red-man. On 
one occasion, while the people were collected in the forts, during 
the war of 1812, he saw an Indian hiding behind a log not far 
from the fort, disguised as a buffalo, with the hide, to which the 
horns were attached, thrown over his body. The disguise was so 
transparent that Johnson had no difficulty in penetrating it, and 
he at once decided to give the Indian a dose of lead for the bene- 
fit of his health. So he cautiously left the fort, and making a 
wide circuit, came in behind the savage, who was intently watch- 
ing for an opportunity to pick ofi" some one of the inmates who 
might come within range of his gun. But a ball from Johnson's 
rifle put an end to his adventures here, and sent him speeding on 
his way to the happy hunting grounds of the spirit land. For 


more than five years after his removal to Missouri Johnson dressed 
in the Indian garb, and never slept in a house, preferring 
to repose in the open air with nothing but the heavens for a shel- 
ter. He was thirty-seven years of age when he came to Mis- 
souri, and when the Indian war commenced he joined the com- 
pany of rangers commanded by Capt. Massey, and was stationed 
for some time at Cap-au-Gris on the Mississippi river. Before he 
left Tennessee he was married to Nancy Hughlin, of Nashville, 
and they had six children — Daniel, Elizabeth, Levi, Dorcas, 
Evans, and Susan, Daniel married Susan Smelzer. Elizabet^i 
married Asa Griffith. Levi married Esther Bert. Dorcas mar- 
ried Thomas Fallice. Evans was married four times ; first, to 
Siisan Miller ; second to Susan Sullivan ; third, to Angeline 
Lefavre, and fourth, to Sarah M. McCoy. Susan married Will- 
iam Roberts. 

Johns. — John Jay Johns was born in Buckingham county, Va., 
in 1819. His father was Glover Johns, a tobacco planter, and a 
magistrate, an office of great honor in the Old Dominion in those 
days. He removed to Middle Tennessee in 1831, and from thence 
to Mississippi in 1834. In 1836, John Jay, then in his seventeenth 
year, went to the Miami University at Oxford, Ohio, where he 
graduated in 1840. He was married the same year to Catharine 
A. Woodruff, of Oxford, Ohio, and returning to Mississippi, en- 
gaged in the planting business. In the spring of 1844 he removed 
to St. Charles county, Mo. That was the memorable year of the 
great overflow of the Missouri and Mississippi rivers, by which 
untold suffering and sickness were entailed upon the population. 
In 1845, attracted by the rich lands in the Point Prairie, below 
St. Charles, Mr. Johns settled there. St. Charles, at that time, 
was a small, unprepossessing village, and many of its merchants 
and citizens were struggling against financial ruin, which threat- 
ened them on account of the stringency of the times. In 1846 
Mrs. Johns died, leaving two daughters. There were a few scat- 
tering farms on the Point Prairie when Mr. Johns-settled there, but 
its prospects soon began to improve, and a number of enterprising 
persons located there. Among them were Willis Fawcett, B. H. 
Alderson, Abner Cunningham, John Chapman, Charles Sheppard, 
and James Judge. On the 2d of November, 1847, Mr. Johns was 
married to Jane A. Durfee, daughter of Rev. Thomas Durfee 
and his wife, Ann Glendy, who was the niece and ward of Thomas 
Lindsay. The ceremony took place at the old Thomas Lindsay 
farm, near St. Charles. In 1849, Mr. Johns, B. A. Alderson, 
Willis Fawcett, and John Stonebreaker bought the first McCormack 
reaper that was ever brought to the State. This gave a new impetus 
to the production of wheat in this great wheat growing county 
In 1851, Mr. Johns removed his family to the city of St. Charles, 
where they have since resided. He had a large family of thirteen 


children, of whom ten are still living, four daughters and six sons. 
Believing a cultivated and well trained mind to be more valuable 
than wealth, he gave all his children a good education, and 
those who are grown occupy honorable and useful positions 
in society. Mr. Johns has been an Elder in the Presbyterian 
Church since he was twenty-one years of age. 

Keithley. — Jacob, John, Joseph, Daniel and Samuel Keithley, 
came from North Carolina and settled in Bourbon Co., Ky. John 
married and raised a large family of children, some of whom set- 
tled in Texas and California. Joseph married in Kentucky, and 
had but one son, John, who settled in Boone Co., Mo. Daniel 
married Mary Mooler, and the names of their children were — 
Joseph, John, Isaac, Daniel, Jr., WilUam R., and Katy. Sam- 
uel lived and died in Tennessee. Jacob married Barbara Row- 
land, and moved to Warren Co., Ky., where he died. His chil- 
dren were — Absalom, Jacob, John, Samuel, Obadiah, Rowland, 
William, Levi, Daniel, Absalom, Tabitha, Isaac, Polly, Eliza- 
beth, Katy, Patsey, Sally, and one not named, making eighteen 
in all. Daniel Keithley, son of Daniel, Sr., married a Miss Hos- 
tetter, and they had a daughter named Kate, who was the largest 
woman in the world, weighing 675 pounds. She died when 
twenty-two years of age. (Children of Jacob Keithley, Sr. ) 
Abraham married Tennie Rowland, and settled in Missouri in 
1806. He had four children, and was killed by his horse, on Cuivre 
river, in' 1813. His widow afterward married John Shelley. 
John married Polly Claypole, and lived and died in Kentucky. 
Joseph married Elizabeth Burket, of St. Charles Co., Mo. Sam- 
uel settled in the city of St. Charles in 1808. He was married 
twice, first to Polly Burket, and second to Mrs. Nancy Pulliam. 
He had twenty-two children by his two wives, and shortly before 
his death he gave a dinner to his children and grandchildren, of 
whom there were eighty-two present. He died in 1871. Row- 
land was mari'ied twice. He settled in St. Charles county in 
1816, where he remained two years and then moA'ed to Pike 
county. William came to St. Charles county in 1812. He joined 
the rangers under Nathan Boone, and served with them one year, 
when he joined Capt. Callaway's company. He was married first 
to Charlotte Castlio, who died in 1857, and he then married the 
widow Duncan, who was a daughter of James Loyd. Mr. Keith- 
ley is still living, in his eighty-fourth year. He had eight chil- 
dren, four of whom are living, viz. : Mrs. Paulina Sharp and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Wray, of St. Louis, Mrs. Ruth Savage, of Wentzville, 
and Mrs. Adeline Ward. The names of those who are dead were 
— John, Samuel W., Lucy, and Francis M. Samuel came to St. 
Charles county in 1818, and died in 1862. He was married 
twice, first to a Miss Owens, and second to Emma Wellnoth. He 
ha.d six children. Absalom settled in St. Charles county in 1818. 


He married Cenia Castlio, and they had eleven children. Oba- 
diah settled in St. Charles county in 1825, and moved to Texas 
in 1869. He was married twice. Polly married Isaac Hostetter, 
of Kentucky, who settled in St. Charles county in 1806. Eliza- 
beth married Joseph Rowland, who came to Missouri and re- 
mained one year, and then returned to Kentucky, where he died. 
Katy married Peter Graves, and lived in Tennessee. Patsy mar- 
ried Alfred Dithmyer, and settled in Illinois. 

Kile. — George A. Kile was a native of Germany, where he 
married and had two children. He then came to America with 
his wife and children and settled in Maryland, where they had six 
children more. George, the youngest son, married Nancy Mar- 
shall, of Maryland, and moved to Kentucky, where he died, leav- 
ing a widow and eight children. The names of the children were 
— EphraimD., Hezekiah, Alexander M., Humphrey F., Lucretia 
P., Susan, Stephen W., and Alfred S. In 1837 Susan, Stephen 
W., and Alfred S. came to Missouri with their mother, and settled 
in St. Charles county. Mrs. Kile died in August, 1872. Of the 
children we have the following record : Hezekiah was married 
twice. Stephen D. died a bachelor. Alexander was married 
twice, lost both of his wives, and then went to Colorado, Hum- 
phrey never married, and is still living. He once had a hen that 
laid a square egg, and from the egg was hatched a pullet that 
lived to be sixteen years old ; when she was eight years old 
she turned perfectly white, and remained so the rest of her life. 
During the sixteen years of her life she laid 4,000 eggs and 
hatched 3,000 chickens. 

KiBLER. — Jacob Kibler, Sr., a native of Virginia, settled in St. 
Charles in 1820. He married Victoire Cornoyer, who was bora 
in St. Charles, and belonged to one of the old French families. 
Their children were — George, William, Jacob, Jr., Catharine, 
and Louis. George died at the age of twelve years. Jacob, Jr.. 
married Mary L. Drury, who died in 1873. Mr. -Kibler has 
been identified with the press of St. Charles during the greater 
portion of his life. He was one of the founders of the Chrono- 
type; also of the Democrat, one of the oldest German papers 
in the State, now owned and published by the Bode Brothers- 
Arnold Krekel, now Judge of the U. S. District Court, was editor 
of the Democrat dui-ing Mr. Kibler's connection with the paper. 
Catharine Kibler died young. Louis resides in Virginia. In the 
early days of St. Charles, Jacob Kibler, Sr., was a Hatter and 
dealer in furs. He died in September, 1875, at the advanced age 
of eighty-five, his wife having preceded him to the grave by sev- 
eral years. 

Kenner, — In 1834 Rodman Kenner, of Virginia, came to Mis- 
souri and settled near Missouriton, on Darst's Bottom, where he 
lived one year, and then moved out to the BoonesUck road and 


opened a hotel where the town of Pauldingville now stands. Mr. 
Kenuer was a first-class landlord, and his house became a noted 
resort during the palmy days of staging on the Booneslick road. 
Col. Thomas H. Benton and many other well known and leading 
men of earlier times, often stopped there ; and in fact, no one ever 
thought of passing Kenner's without taking a meal or sleeping 
one night in his excellent beds. Travelers always had a good 
time there, and would travel hard two or three days in order to 
reach the house in time to stay all night. Mr. Kenner made a 
fortune, and died in June, 1876, in the 86th year of his age. 
(See "Anecdotes and Adventures.") 

LucKETT. — Thomas Luckett was a native of Maryland, but re- 
moved to Virginia, and settled there. He married Elizabeth Doug- 
lass, and they had ten children — John, Richard, Thomas, William, 
"Nathan, Joanna, Nancy, Polly, Elizabeth and Ignatius. William 
married Nancy Combs, daughter of Ennis Combs and Marga- 
ret Rousseau, and settled in St. Charles county. Mo., in 1835. 
He served in the war of 1812. He had six children — EhzabethD., 
Thomas H., Jane N., Gibson B., John C, and Benjamin D. 

Logan. — Hugh Logan, of Ireland, was one of the pioneers of 
Kentucky. He married Sarah Woods, of Virginia, and they had 
ten children — Nancy, David, Ellen, Cyrus, Jane, Green, William 
C, Harriet, Sally, and Dorcas. William C. settled in St. Charles 
county, in 1829, and died in 1844. He married Sarah B. Bell, 
of Virginia, and they had eleven children — Francis A., James F., 
Hugh B., Sarah W., Mary D., Samuel F., Maria E., Harriet J.. 
Helen P., Charles J., and William C, Jr. Green Logan married 
Fannie McRoberts, of Lincoln county, Ky., and settled in St. 
Charles county. Mo., in 1829. His children were — Sarah J., 
Anley M., George, Mary F., and Fannie G. 

Lewis, — Joseph «Lewis, a Frenchman, settled in St. Charles 
county during the Spanish administration. He married Nancy 
Biggs, daughter of John Biggs, of Virginia, who also settled in 
Missouri during the Spanish administration. They had one son, 
James, who was born in 1806. He married Elizabeth Gross, of 
Kentucky, and they had fifteen children. After the death of 
Joseph Lewis, his widow married Edward Smith, and they had 
four children — Randall, Frances, Mildred, and Lucinda. 

Lindsay. — The original Lindsay family of the United States 
sprang from seven brothers, who came from England before the 
revolution. Their names were William, Samuel, James, John, 
Robert, Joseph, and Alexander. William married Ellen Thomp- 
son, of Ireland, and settled in Pennsylvania. Their children 
-were — James, jane, Elizabeth, Samuel, William, Henry, and 
Joseph. Henry Lindsay and his brother-in-law, Col. Robert 
Patterson, who married Elizabeth Lindsay, were the joint owners 
of the land on which the city of Cincinnati now stands. They 


built the first cabin there, and dug a well one hundred and twenty- 
two feet deep, when they struck a large walnut stump, and being 
unable to remove it, and having become dissatisfied with the 
location, they abandoned it. They were both in the battle of 
Tippecanoe. Henry Lindsay married Elizabeth Culbertson, and 
they had one son, William C, when Mrs. Lindsay died, and he 
afterward married Margaret Kincaid, daughter of William Kincaid, 
of Dublin, Ireland, who had settled in Greenbriar county, Va. 
By his second wife he had — Ellen K., James, Nancy B.» 
Preston, John K., Henry C, and Margaret J. William C. 
Lindsay settled in St. Charles county in 1827, and died in 
1861. He was married twice, first to Mary Hamilton, and after 
her death, he married the widow Lewis, whose maiden name 
was Maria Bell. Ellen K. died single in Kentucky. James died 
in Lincoln county, unmarried. Nancy married Alexander Mc- 
Connell, of Indiana. Preston studied medicine, and married Jane 
Mahan, of Kentucky. John K. married Hannah Bailey, of 
Lincoln county, where he now resides. Henry C. was also a 
physician. He settled in St. Charles county in 1835, and died 
three years after. Margaret J. married Dr. John Scott, of 
Howard county. Mo. William Lindsay, Jr., was married in 
Pennsylvania to Sarah Thompson, and settled in Pike county. 
Mo., in 1829. 

Lindsay.— Thomas Lindsay and his family lived in Scotland. 
The names of his children were — Thomas, Jr., James, John, 
Martha, Mary, Ann, and Jane. James was married in Scotland to 
Charlotte Kettray, and came to America and settled in St. Charles 
county, in 1817. His children were — WilUam, Ann, Thomas, 
James, Jr., John, Agnes, and Isabella. Ann married John H. 
Stewart, and settled in Carroll county. Agnes married Addison 
McKuight, of Tennessee, who "settled in St. Charles county in 
1817. His mother settled in Missouri in 1800. She was a very 
brave and resolute woman, and killed several Indians during her 
life. On one occasion she had a horse stolen, which she followed 
forty miles, alone, found it and brought it back home. Mr, 
McKnight was the owner of McKnight's Island, on the Mississippi 
river. Isabella Lindsay married Nathaniel Reid, of Virginia, 
who settled in St. Charles county in 1839. Mr. Reid was a car- 
penter and contractor, and built the Insane and Blind asylums, 
and Westminster College, at Fulton. William Lindsay died a 
bachelor in St. Charles county. Thomas married Margaret Gar- 
vin, and was drowned in 1841, leaving a widow and five children. 
James was married first to Jane Black,, of Virginia, and after 
her death he married the widow of Dr. Benjamin F. Hawkins, 
whose maiden name was Sarah Fleet. Mr. Lindsay is an intelli- 
gent gentleman, and we are indebted to him for many interesting 
items of family history. John Lindsay married Mary Stewart, of 


Monroe county. Mo. Thomas Lindsay, Jr., settled in America in 
1800, and in St. Ciiarles county in 1816. He married Margaret 
Breckett, of South Carolina. John, son of Thomas Lindsay, Sr., 
settled in South Carolina, where he died. Ann, his sister, mar- 
ried Peter Glendy, of South Carolina, and settled in St. Charles 
county in 1817. The names of their children were — James, Ellen, 
Thomas, Ann, and Andrew. 

Lewis. — Joseph Lewis, of England, settled in Rock Castle 
county, Ky., and married Sarah Whitley, the sister of William 
Whitley, the noted Indian fighter. They had eight children — 
Ruth, Sarah, Isabella, Mary A., Samuel, Joseph, Williani, and 
Benjamin, Samuel, who was a brick mason, married Mary Day, 
and settled in St. Charles in 1816, His children were — 
Joseph F., Victor, Andrew, Samuel, Jr., Avis, William, Mary A., 
Margaret J., and Adeline. Joseph, William, and Benjamin, sons 
of Joseph Lewis, Sr., settled in Palmyra, Mo. The children of 
Samuel Lewis, with the exception of Andrew and Samuel, Jr., 
settled in St. Charles county. 

Lackland. — James C. Lackland, a native of Montgomery Co,, 
Md., came to Missouri in the fall of 1833, and brought his family, 
consisting of his wife and nine boys. He settled first near Flor- 
issant, in St. Louis county, but in 1835 he removed to St. Charles, 
where he engaged in the saw-mill business until within a few years 
previous to his death, which occurred in July, 1862, at the age of 
71 years. Mr. Lackland was a model man and citizen, and made 
friends of all who became acquainted with him. The names of 
his boys were — Richard, James, Jeremiah, Augustus T., Benja- 
min F., Eli R., Norman J., Henry C, and Charles M. Jeremiah 
died the first year after the arrival of the family in Missouri, 
sometime between his 16th and 21st year. Benjamin F. was 
killed in St. Charles, at the age of twenty-one, 'by P. W. Culver, 
who was intoxicated at the time. Culver was tried and sentenced 
to the penitentiary, but was pardoned without serving his term. 
Norman J. and Charles M. live at Mexico, Mo., the former 
engaged in the mercantile business, and the latter in the cattle 
trade. Eli is chief clerk of the Scotia Iron Mines, near Leasburg, 
Crawford Co., Mo. Henry C. is a prominent attorney at St. 
Charles. He was Professor of Mathematics in St. Charles Col- 
lege from 1856 to 1859, and also taught classes in Greek and 
Latin. He held the position of School Commissioner from 1859 
until the oflSce was abolished. In 1875 he was elected a member 
of the State Constitutional Convention for the district composed 
of the counties of St. Charles, Warren, and Lincoln, receiving 
almost the unanimous vote of the district. Only eight votes 
were cast against him in his own county. He was one of the 
leaders of that able body of men, and made an enviable record 
for himself as a legislator and parliamentarian. 


LusBY. — Thomas Lusby, of Ireland, settled first in Illinois, and 
in 1800 moved and settled in Portage, des Sioux, St. Charles 
county. He married Fanny Sdott, and they had one child, 
Elliott, who was the first white child born in Portage des Sioux. 
Elliot*' married Avis Lewis, of Kentucky, and the names of their 
children were — Julia A., William W., Sarah, Margaret, Thomas, 
Louisa, Mary, Ellen, Samuel, Fanny, and Joseph, and in addition 
to these there weie three who died in infancy. When Mr. Lusby 
was married he borrowed a dollar to pay the parson ; and, having 
no horse, he raised his first crop of corn with an ox. 

Lewis. — Capt. John Lewis and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Peggy Frog, were natives of Ireland. They came to 
America and settled in Virginia, and their son, Charles A., mar- 
ried Judith Turner, by whom he had — Mary» Timothy P., Mar- 
garet, Catharine E., Isabella S., and Louisa. In 1817 he removed 
to St. Charles county and settled on "the point." Mary, the 
eldest daughter, married Samuel Watson, and rode on his horse 
behind him to their home, carrying all of her wardrobe in her lap. 
Timothy P. died single. The rest of the children, except Louisa, 
returned to Virginia with their mother, after the death of their 
father. Louisa married William Ferguson, for whom Ferguson 
Station in St. Louis county was named. The land was first owned 
by Charles A. Lewis, who sold it for six dollars per acre, and 
moved to St. Charles county. Mr. Ferguson gave ten acres of 
the land to the railroad company, to secure the station. Mrs. 
Lewis once saved her house from burning by having a churn of 
buttermilk convenient. She kept some of her clothes in a large 
chest, and one evening while looking through them with a torch 
in her hand, the clothes caught fire, and they and the chest were 
entirely consumed, and the house would have been burned except 
for the churn of buttermilk, which Mrs. Lewis used in extinguish- 
ing the flames. 

MuRDOCK. — James Murdock was born and raised in Dublin. 
Ireland, but came to America prior to the devolution, and took 
an active part on the American side in that war. In one of the 
battles in which he was engaged he. received a severe wound in 
his heel, and died from its effects two years afterward. He had 
seven children — Nancy, Grizey, Mary, James, Alexander, John, 
and George. Nancy married James Clay, who settled in St. 
Charles county. Alexander settled in St. Charles county in 
1806, and married Mary Zumwalt. John married Lucy Grider, 
and settled in St. Charles county. George married Catharine 
Kennedy. James married Lydia Bell, and settled in Missouri 
in 1808. 

MooRE. — John Moore, who is still living in St. Charles county, 
near St. Peters, in his 89th year, is of German parentage. His 
father came from South Carolina to Philadelphia, and learned the 


hatter's trade. There he became acquainted with and married 
Elizabeth Bobb, and they had three children — Thomas, Maria^ 
and John. The two former died in infancy, and John learned 
the cooper's trade. He remembers well when Gen. Washington 
died, and saw him frequently before his death, as he often passed 
his father's shop. When John was twenty-one years of age he 
went to Kentucky, and lived in Lexington two and a half years. 
He then returned to Philadelphia, where he remained five years, 
and then removed to West Virginia. In 1822 he settled in St. 
Charles county, where he has since resided. He was- married 
three times — first to Frances Dawlins ; second, to Margaret Mc- 
Coy, and third to the widow Eller, who abandoned him soon 
after their marriage. 

McKay.— Patrick McKay came to St. Charles from Florissant, 
St. Louis county, about the year 1825, and died in 1834, his 
wife having died two years previously. Their children were — 
Susanna, Margaret, and Gregory. Susanna became a member of 
the order of the Sacred Heart, and remained such for thirty-sevea 
years. She died in 186 L Margaret married Sir Walter Rice, 
who held the various official positions of County Surveyor, 
Recorder, Justice of the Peace, and Postmaster. He was also a 
trustee of the Church of St. Charles up to the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1859. Gregory died at the age of 21. His 
widow is still living, in her 70th year; is healthy and active, and 
bids fair to live to see many more years. She is well educated, 
and retains her memory in a remarkable degree. 

McElhiney. — Dr. William G. McElhiney and family, (at that 
time four in number) came from Beriar, Hartford county, Md., in 
1837. He bought a farm and settled on the Booneslick road, about 
five miles above St. Charles, where he lived twenty years, and 
then removed to the city of St. Charles. The Doctor was born 
in Baltimore, November 15th, 1798, and retains a remarkable 
degree of mental and physical vigor for a man of his age. He 
graduated in medicine at the University of Maryland, in Balti- 
more, and was soon afterward appointed Brigade Surgeon by the 
Governor of the State ; he also held the same position in Missouri 
after his removal. He was for many years a prominent leader of 
politics in his adopted State, but of late has retired, in a measure, 
from the political arena. He was elected by the Democrats^ 
to represent St. Charles county in the Legislature, his oppo- 
nent on the Whig ticket being Wilson Overall. He was 
one of the messengers that notified Franklin Pierce of his 
election as President of the United States, and was a 
delegate to the Baltimore Convention that nominated Rreckin- 
ridge and Lane as candidates for President and Vice-President. 
He has served as Curator of the State University at Columbia, 
and was appointed by the Governor as one of the commissioners 


to locate the State Insane Asylum. The names of his children 
were — Martha M., Virginia, Cassandra, William H., James P., 
Missouri, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Henrietta, William J., 
Mary Julia, Robert H., and Emma. Martha, Cassandra and 
Emma died young, and Virginia died at the age of twelve years. 
William H. was drowned. James P. is a graduate of the Old 
School University of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, and resides 
near Cottleville, where he is engaged in the practice of medicine. 
He married Edna Gaty. Missouri married Thomas Gallaher, who 
died in 1867, at Minneapolis, Minn., where his widow now resides. 
Georgia married W. W. Orrick. Florida married William H. 
Gallaher, who died at Minneapolis two years ago, and she now 
resides in St. Charles. Louisiana married Robert F. Luckett; 
they reside in St. Charles. Henrietta married Lee Gaty, and lives 
in St. Charles. Mary Julia married Edward S. Lewis, son bf Hon. 
Edward A. Lewis, the distinguished jurist, and died in Augusta, 
Kansas. Robert H. graduated in medicine at the Missouri Medi- 
cal College, St. Louis, and is now practicing at New Melle, St. 
Charles county. 

McDearmon. — James R. McDearmon and family came to St. 
Charles county in 1834. Mr. McDearmon was an educated man, 
having graduated at St. Mary's College, Virginia. After his 
settlement in St. Charles he became an active participant in the 
politics of his adopted State, and proved himself to be an able 
advocate of the principles of the Democratic party. The Whigs 
at that time were in the ascendency, but his popularity, ability 
and honesty were recognized by his political opponents, who re- 
peatedly entrusted him with important public affairs. He was 
Judge of the County Court, and in 1844 became a candidate for 
the Legislature, but was defeated by the superior numbers of the 
Whig party. The following year he was appointed by Gov. John 
C. Edwards to the position of Auditor of State, which at that 
time was designated as Auditor of Public Accounts. He held this 
office until his death, which occurred in 1848. He had eight 
children —Aurelia, John K., Thomas H., James R., Francis L., 
William N., Theodoric F., and Albert G. John K. has for 
many years been prominent in the politics of his State and 
county, and, like his father, is a staunch advocate of Democratic 
principles. He was a student of the State University at Colum- 
bia, but was prevented from graduating by the death of his father. 
He read law at Jefferson City under General Monroe M. Parsons, 
who was killed in Mexico by Mexican soldiers, since the late war 
between the North and South. He finished his readings in the 
office of Robert H. Parks, at St. Charles ; was admitted to the 
bar, and practiced his profession for about two years. He was 
Public Administrator in 1852-53, and is at present County Clerk, 
a position to which he has been elected several times. His wife 


wsi.9 Lucy A. Orrick. Thomas H. McDearmon was elected 
County Clerk in 1853, but died before he entered upon the dis- 
charge of the duties of his office. James R. died in his 19th year, 
and was at the time editor. of tae St. Charles Chronotype. Fran- 
cis L. died in his 18th year. William N. married Laura Sigerson, 
and lives in Kansas City. He is connected with the St. Louis, 
Kansas City and Northern R, W., and is one of the Police Com- 
missioners. Theodoric is a prominent attorney of St. Charles, 
and his name has been mentioned as a candidate for Congress on 
the Democratic ticket. Albert G. married Mary Ferguson. 
Aurelia is a distinguished teacher, having been engaged in that 
profession for more than eighteen years. The widow of James 
R. McDearmon is still living, in her 75th year. 

Murphy.— John Murphy, of Ireland, settled in Virginia. He 
married Elizabeth Maling, of England, and they had three chil- 
dren — Alexander, Nancy, and Travis. • Alexander moved to Ken- 
tucky, and from there to Ohio, and died a bachelor. Nancy 
married John Gaff, of Fauquier Co., Va. Travis settled in St. 
Charles county in 1834, where he is still living, in his 95th year. 
He married Sally Campbell, of Virginia, in 1799, and they had six 
children- — ^Alfred, Eliza, John A., Rosanna, Julia, and William A. 
Alfred lives in Georgia. Eliza married Richard B. Keeble, who 
«ettled in St. Charles county in 1833. John A. died at Indepen- 
dence, Mo. Rosanna married Henry Lawler, of Virginia, who 
settled in St. Charles county in 1834. Julia was married first to 
Humphrey Best, and second to John Overall, and now lives in St. 
Louis. William A. died single. Travis Murphy was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, and has never been afraid to stand up and 
fight for his rights. 

McAtee. — James McAtee and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Ellen Montgomery, were natives of Montgomery Co., Mary- 
land ; their parents came fronl Ireland. They had several 
children, among whom were three sons, Elias, James, and 
Ignatius. Elias married Henrietta Magruder, who was of Scotch 
descent, and settled in Union Co., Ky. The names of their chil- 
dren were — John R., Stephen T., Mary, Elizabeth, Rose, Teresa, 
and Maria. John R. became blind, and died in Kentucky, un- 
married. Stephen T. married Catharine Bowles. Mary married 
Vernon Brown, who settled in Madison Co., Mo., in 1823. Eliz- 
abeth married Benedict Wathen, of Illinois. Rose married 
Walter Bowles. Teresa married Leo Bowles, and Maria died in 
childhood. Stephen T. McAtee removed from Kentucky to Mis- 
souri and settled in St. Charles county in 1834. Mr. McAtee 
was prompt and reliable in all the transactions of life, and was 
universally respected by all who knew him. He held the office 
of Justice of the Peace for seventeen years, and died in 1863, at 
the age of sixty-four years. His widow is still living at the old 


homestead, in her 78tli year. Their children were — Walter P., 
Mary H., John P., James E., (the two latter were twins) 
Stephen IL, Thomas J., Phillip C, and George A. 

MoouE. — Zachariah Moore, of Maryland, was of English par- 
entage. He married Elsie Born, and in 1810, with his wife and 
eight children, settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., on the Missouri 
river. The names of their children were — Elsie, Caroline, 
Creene, Maria, Thomas, Harriet, James I)., and Elizabeth. 
Elsie married James Gillett, and moved to Texas, where they 
both died, leaving seven children. Caroline married James 
Beatty, who lives in St. Louis. Creene married John Boone, and 
they both died, leaving several children, Maria married Horace 
Moore, her cousin. They died without children. Thomas set- 
tled first in Texas, and afterward moved to California. Harriet 
was married first to Mr. Dezane, and they had one child. After 
his death, she married Cyrus Carter, and died, leaving two chil- 
dren by him. James D., better known as "Duke" Moore, 
married Catharine Ward, daughter of William Ward and Catha- 
rine Frazier. The father of the latter owned the land upon 
which the first battle of the revolution was fought. He joined 
the American army and served during the war. Elizabeth Moore 
married Horace Beatty, and settled in Morgan Co., Mo. 

McCluek. — John McCluer was a soldier in the war of the 
revolution. He married his cousin, Nancy McCluer, the cere- 
mony being performed at the Natural Bridge, in Virginia. They 
were of Scotch-Irish descent. The narhes of their children were 
— Arthur, John, Nathan, Robert, Catharine, Jeannctte, Nancy, 
and Elizabeth. Nathan married Jane McClenny. Catharine 
married Samuel McCarkill. Jeannette married her cousin, John 
McCluer. P^lizabeth married a Mr. Tedford. Nancy married 
James Alexander, who settled in St. Charles county in 1829. 
They had four children — John, William A., Agnes, and Elizabeth, 
all of whom, with the exception of William A., who is a promi- 
nent lawyer of St. Charles, removed to Virginia, and settled 
there. Mr. Alexander and his wife died in St. Charles county ; 
the latter in 1§33, and the former in 1835. Robert McCluer was 
a physician. He also served as a soldier in the war of 1812. 
He was married in 1816 to Sophia Campbell, a daughter of Dr. 
Samuel L. Campbell and sister of Hon. William M. Campbell. 
In the fall of 1829, he settled in St. Charles county, with his 
family, consisting of his wife and five children — Jeannette C, 
Samuel C, John A., Susan T., and Sally. Two other children, 
Nancy and Robert, were born after they settled in Missouri. 
Dr. McCluer died in 1834, at the age of 42 years, and his wife 
ilied in 1866, in her 72d year. John, Susan* and Sally McCluer 
died young. Jeannette married John B. Muschany, and had 
seven children. He died in 186 1. Samuel C. married Lucretia 


C. Fawcett, and they had ten children. Nancy married Rev. 
Thomas Watson. They had nine children. Robert married 
Ellen S. Brown, and they had eight children. 

Meek. — William Meek and his wife, of Greenbriar Co., Va., 
settled in Woodford Co., Ky., in 1804, and in 1806 they removed 
to Missouri, in company with David Kincaid and family. -They 
left Kentucky on a flat-boat of their own construction, on which 
they had their families, their horses, sheep, cows, hogs, and 
household goods. The boat sank before they reached the mouth 
of the Ohio river, and they then transferred their families and 
household goods to keel-boats, and drove the stock through by 
land. While Mr. Meek lived in Virginia, his mother, wife and 
two children (James and Rebecca) were captured by the Indians, 
but were rescued three days afterward by a party of white men 
who had gone in pursuit. The Indians placed Mr. Meek's mother 
on a wild young colt, thinking it would run away and kill her, but 
the colt, seeming to appreciate the value of his burden, acted 
like an old, gentle horse, and she was not hurt. Mr. Meek and 
his wife had fourteen children, five of whom died young. Those 
who lived were — John, Rebecca, James, Samuel, Sally, Polly, 
Benjamin, Joseph, and Isaac. John was drowned in Kentucky. 
Rebecca, James, Samuel, Sally, Benjamin, Joseph, and Isaac all 
returned to Kentucky, where they lived and died. Polly was 
married in 1807 to John Ramsey, son of Capt. William Ramsey. 
They walked fifteen miles to the house of a Justice of the Peace 
to be married, who performed the ceremony free of charge. Polly 
Bryan, wife of David Bryan, who was an old lady and wore a 
cap, acted as bridesmaid, while Henry Bryan, her brother-in-law, 
officiated as groomsman. Mr. Ramsey was an invalid, and died 
in 1815. He was compelled to make frequent visits to Kentucky 
to consult his physician, as there were no physicians in Missouri 
at that time, and his wife always accompanied him. These 
trips were made on horseback, and they often had to swim the 
rivers that lay in their course. On one occasion they were ac- 
companied by David McKinney, Aleck McPheeters, and a Mr. 
Crawford, and on reaching White river they camped for the night. 
Next morning they all prepared to swim the river on their horses, 
and McPheeters went first, carrying their bag of pi'ovisions, and 
his saddle-bags containing his clothing, etc. The current was 
very strong, and it carried away his saddle-bags and the bag of 
provisions, and they had to go without anything to eat for two 
days, as there were no settlements where they could obtain sup- 
plies. After the death of Mr. Ramsey, his widow married Col. 
Francis Howell, in December, 1816, who died a few years ago» 
and left her a widow again. She is living at Mechanicsville, St. 
Charles county, in her 88lh year. 

McGowEN. — Henry McGowen, of Ireland, was a soldier of the 


revolutionary war. He married Atha Ratcliff, of Maryland, and 
they had six children — Daniel, Mary A., Margaret, Julia A., 
Henry, and Martha. Daniel served as a soldier in the war of 
1812. He married Frances Corley, and settled in St. Charles 
county in 1833. They had ten childien — Henry C, Sarah E., 
Arthur M., Daniel T., George I., Francis M., Polly A., Luther 
A., James A., and Martha J. 

Mallerson. — Thomas Mallei'son, -of Connecticut, married Amy 
T^ewton, and moved to Alleghany county, Pa. Their children 
were — Elijah, Elizabeth, Lucinda, and another daughter, who 
married a man named Thankful Hays. Elijah married Miranda 
Robbins, of Pennsylvania, and settled in St. Charles county in 
1818. Their children were — Amy, Lucinda, Elias, Moses N., 
Abigail, Frances W., Thomas, and Walter P. Amy married 
Michael Shue, of St. Louis. Lucinda married John C. Mittle- 
berger, of St. Charles county. Elias, Abigail, Thomas, and 
Walter P. all died unmarried. Frances W. married Nicholas 
Ficklin. Moses N. married Margaret V. McCluer, daughter of 
James A. McCluer, of Pike county. 

Mackey. — James Mackey, of Scotland, came to America in 
1776, when he was seventeen years of age. He settled in St. 
Louis, and was the first English speaking white man who ever 
came west of the Mississippi river. Mr. Mackey was well edu- 
cated, and understood surveying, which secured him employment 
for a number of years under the Spanish and French governments. 
He was out four years on an exploring and surveying expedition, 
accompanied by a Frenchman and three Indians, who acted as 
chain-bearers and flagmen, and during their absence they came 
near starving to death. In 1803. Mr. Mackey was appointed Com- 
mandant of the territory of Upper Louisiana, with his headquar- 
ters at St. Louis. At forty years of age he was married to Isa- 
bella L. Long, who was in her seventeenth year. Her parents 
came from Virginia to St. Louis in 1800. Mr. Mackey died in 
1821, but his widow lived until 1860. The names of their chil- 
dren were — John Z., Eliza L., Catharine M., Julia J., William 
R., George A., James B., Amelia A., and Isabella L. John Z. 
married the widow Kerker, whose maiden name was Maria Rob- 
inson. Eliza L. married Reuben Coleman, of Kentucky. Catha- 
rine M. married Louis Guion, of St. Louis. Mr. Guion's mother 
brought a small trunk with her when she came to America, that 
is now two hundred years old, and is in the possession of Mrs. 
Thomas Chapman, of Montgomery county, Mo. Julia J. Mackey 
married David Bowles. George A. married Fannie Miller, of 
Jefferson county. Mo. William K. died in childhood. James B. 
married Sarah Hall, of Franklin county. Mo. Amelia A. married 
William A. Coleman, of Kentucky. Isabella L. married Simeon 
L. Barker, of Kentucky, and their son, S. M. Barker, is now the 


County Clerk of Montgomery county. Mr. Maclcey built the first 
brick house in St. Louis. On the ISth of October, 1797, the 
Spanish authorities granted him 13,835 arpents of land, lying on 
both sides of Cuivre river, now in St. Charles and Lincoln 
counties ; also 545 arpents in another tract, on the same river ;, 
5,280 arpents on the Mississippi river, and 10,340 arpents in St. 
Charles district. These grants were made for services rendered 
the Commercial Company of the Missouri river, on a voyage of 
discovery up that stream, made by order of Baron de Carondelet. 
It was intended that the party should be absent six years, but 
they returned in four, having exhausted their supplies. In addi- 
tion to these grants, Mr. Mackey received 30,000 arpents of land 
for his services as Commandant in 1803. This last grant em- 
braced a considerable portion of land within the present limits of 
St. Louis, and he donated a graveyard to the city, which is now 
covered with valuable buildings. Mr. Mackey was a fine musician, 
and brought with him from Scotland a violin and flute, both of 
which are in the possession of his grandchildren. The violin has 
been in use so long that a hole is worn through it by the friction 
of the chin. 

McCoy. — Daniel McCoj', for whom McCoy's creek is named, 
eame to Missouri, or Upper Louisiana, in 1797, in company with 
his brothers, John and Joseph, and his father-in-law, Henry 
Zumwalt. In 1804 Mr. McCoy was commissioned Lieutenant of a 
company of militia in St. Charles district, and served until the 
close of the Indian war in 1815, when he was discharged. His 
discharge papers were signed by Capt. Bailey, who was First 
Lieutenant in Capt. Callaway's company before the death of the 
latter. Mr. McCoy married Rachel Zumwalt, by whom he had 
eight children — John, Frances, Sarah, Nancy, Elizabeth, Mahala, 
Margaret, and Joseph. John died single. Frances married her 
cousin, William McCoy, a son of James McCoy, who settled in 
St. Charles county in 1814. They had ten children — Nathan, 
Rachel, Susan, Lucinda, John, Elizabeth, Mary, William, James 
M. and Frances. Sarah McCoy married Fred. Keishler, who settled 
in Lincoln county. Nancy married John Cain, who settled in St. 
Charles county. Elizabeth married Phillip Cannon, of St. Charles 
county. Mahala married James Cain, of St. Charles county. 
Margaret married James Tenney, of St. Charles county. Joseph 
died a bachelor, in St. Charles county, in 1849. (Children of 
James McCoy, Sr.) James, Jr., came to Missouri with his father 
in 1814. He married Rachel Doty, and settled in Lincoln county. 
Four of his brothers, John, Martin, Benjamin, and David, also 
settled in that county. John McCoy, Sr., brother of Daniel, had 
four sons — David, John, Joseph, and Timothy. David and John 
settled in Texas. Timothy, usually called Tim, was an original 
character, and we give some anecdotes of him elsewhere. He- 


married Sarah Van Burkleo, daughter of William Van Burkleo. 

Morrison. — "William, James, and Jesse Morrison, were natives 
of the State of New Jersey. William settled at Kaskaskia, Illi- 
nois, and made a fortune merchandising. James and Jesse 
settled in the town of St. Charles, in 1800. In 1804 James went 
to New Orleans and purchased a hogshead of sugar, and as he 
returned he peddled it out to the settlers, but had enough left, 
upon his arrival in St. Charles, to supply the wants of the people 
of that county for three years. Several years afterward he and 
his brother bought the salt works at Boone's Lick, and operated 
them for sometime. James finally bought his brother's interest 
in the works, and the latter went to the lead mines at Galena, 
Illinois. The two brothers married sisters, French ladies, named 
Saucier, of Portage des Sioux. James Morrison had six children 
— Adeline, Caroline, Frize, WiUiam, James, and another son whose 
name we could not obtain, and who was killed by an accidental dis- 
charge of his gun, the ramrod passing through his head. Adeline 
married Judge Francis Yosti of St. Charles. Caroline married 
William G. Pettis. Frize married George Collier. When James 
Morrison courted his sweetheart she could speak only a few 
words of broken English, and he could not speak a word of 
French. So their courtship had to be carried on principally by 
those glances of the eye which speak love from one soul to an- 
other, and it would doubtless have been a very slow process if the 
lady had not, with true French tact, brought matters to an im- 
mediate crisis. When she met him at his second visit, she 
blushingly inquired: "What for you come here so much? Do you 
want to marry me? If you do, you must marry me to-morrow, or 
there is another man who will marry me in two days." That 
settled the matter, and they were married forthwith. 

MiLLiNGTON. — Dr. Jerry Millington, and his brothers, Seth and 
Ira, were natives of the State of New York. They settled in St. 
Charles county at a very early date, and the Doctor was the first 
physician that located in that county. Seth Millington settled on 
a farm in 1818, and planted a large orchard. He also planted 
mulberry trees, and procured silk worms and made silk. Ira 
was a wheel-wright, and built the first shop of that kind in St. 

McNair. — David McNair was a brother of Governor McNnir. 
He lived in St. Charles at an early date, and built the first ice 
house ever erected there. He married a Miss Florathay, and 
they had two children, a son and daugliter. 

McPheeters. — Theophilus and Dr. James McPheeters settled 
in St. Charles county in 1816. The former bought forty acres of 
land near the city, and went to farming. He had two horses, 
which he brought with him, and every time they could get out of 
the lot, they would swim the river and go back to their old home. 


Mr. McPheeters was an educated man, and would farm during 
the summer and teach school in the winter. He built a house 
with a very steep roof, and the cone was so sharp that all the 
birds that lit upon it had their tbes cut off. (We don't believe 
this yarn, but anybody else that wants to, can.) Dr. McPheet- 
ers went South to practice his profession. 

Miller. — Judge Robert Miller and his brother, Fleming, of 
Virginia, settled in St. Charles county, near Cottleville, in 1824. 
They married two sistei's, named Simons. The Judge was a 
staunch Democrat, and a shrewd politician, and represented his 
county in the Legislature several times. He was also a good 
farmer, and always got the premium on wheat. He had nine 
children, three sons and six daughters. 

McDonald. — Archibald McDonald, of Scotland, had four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters. One of the sons, named 
Donald, married Sarah Crittenden, of Hampton Co., Va., and 
their son, Dennis, married Frances Orrick, daughter of Nicholas 
Orrick and Mary Pendleton, of Virginia, by whom he had fifteen 
<;hildren, viz: Donald, Elenora, Edward C, Lucy V,, Mary F., 
John W., Louisa, Orrick, Agnes, Glenroy, Scotland, Dennis, 
Maud, and two who died in childhood. — John, a son of Donald 
McDonald, married Elenora Tidball, and settled in St. Charles 
county in 1836. Their children were — Anna E., James B., Lu- 
celia, Frances, Gertrude, Edgar, Scott, and Elenora. 

Nichols. — Rev. Joseph Nichols, of England, came to America 
and settled in Pennsylvania in 1830, and in 1334 he removed to 
St. Charles county, Mo. He afterwards removed to Warren 
county, where he resided until his death, which occurred in 1872, 
in his eighty-fourth year. He belonged to the Missionary Baptist 
Church, and organized a church at Mount Hope, in St. Charles 
county, and one at Warrenton. He married Martha R. Cook, of 
England, and their children were — Ebenezer, Reuben, Emma, 
Rhoda, and Edwin. Rhoda married Frank A. Freymuth, of St. 
Charles county, who is a native, of Prussia. His father came to 
America with his family in 1834, and settled in St. Charles county. 
The names of Mr. Freymuth's children were — Elizabeth, Clara, 
Gertrude, Frank A,, Mary B., Frederick A., Joseph A., Theresa 
A., Frances, Phillip, and Albert. 

Overall. — Wilson L. Overall, Sr., of Davidson county, Tenn., 
was killed by the Indians. The names of his children were — 
Isaac, William, Nathaniel, Wilson L., Jr., and Elizabeth. 
Nathaniel settled in St. Charles county in 1797. He married 
Susan Squires, and they had four children — Louisiana, Isaac, 
Jackson, and Eliza. Wilson L., Jr., also settled in St. Charles 
county and became County Judge. He married Mary Griffith, 
and the names of their children were — Ezra, Daniel, William, 
Samuel, Wilson, Asa, Richard H., Lucretia, and Mary. His first 


wife died, and he was married the second time to the widow 
Gould, by whom he had one son, Oscar. His second wife died, 
also, and he was married the third time to the widow Patton, by 
whom he had three children — Hannah M., John, H., and Eliza. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Wilson L. Overall, Sr., married William 
R. Miller, who was killed by the Indians while on a hunting and 
trapping expedition, and his head was cut off and placed on a pole 
by the roadside. 

Orrick. — The parents of Capt. John Orrick were natives of 
Virginia, but of English ancestry. The Qaptain was born at 
Bath, or Warm Springs, Berkeley Co., Va., January 5, 1805. His 
father was a planter, and he followed the same occupation until 
he was thirteen yeax's of age, when he was apprenticed to learn 
merchandising, at Reading, Pa. , where he remained nine years. 
He then went to Lancaster, Pa., where he resided three years. 
In the meantime he had saved a portion of his earnings, and dur- 
ing the excitement in the Pittsfield coal regions he purchased, 
with the assistance of his former employer, some property, from 
the sale of which he realized a profit of $1,000 in the short space 
of six weeks. He then removed to Boonesboro, Md., and, in 
partnership with his brother, went into the mercantile business. 
But their success did not meet their expectations, and in 1833 
they sold out, emigrated to Missouri, and located in St. Charles, 
where they resumed their mercantile business, and met with great 
success. But unfortunately they made heavy advances to par- 
ties engaged in the fur trade in the mountains, and in 1836, owing 
to the low stage of water, which obstructed navigation, and the 
hostility of the Indians on the upper rivers, they met with heavy 
losses, and were compelled to suspend. Previous to this misfor- 
tune Capt. Orrick had been elected Justice of the Peace, and in 
1840 he was elected Sheriff of the county, on the Whig ticket. 
At the expiration of his term he was re-elected, and served four 
years in all. In 1844 the Whigs elected him to represent the 
county in the Lower House of the State Legislature. At the 
close of his term he engaged in farming, which occupation he 
followed for about two years, and then went into the boating 
business. In 1851 he took the United States census for St. 
Charles county, and when the North Missouri railroad was built 
he became one of the directors, in which capacity he served 
about four years. Capt. Orrick was married in 1833, to Urila 
Stanebru, of Washington Co., Md. One of his sons, Hon. John 
C. Orrick, x-epresented St. Charles county in the State Legislature 
two terms, and was chosen Speaker of the House the last term. 
He is a graduate of St. Charles College, having received his 
diploma from Dr. Anderson. He is at present a prominent attor- 
nej' of St. Louis, and a leader of the Republican party of the 



Pereau. — Joseph Pereau was born in Montreal, Canada, March 
15, 1775, and settled in St. Charles, Mo., sometime during the 
latter part of the Spanish rule. On the 13th of January, 1807, 
he was married to Marie Louise Savoy, who was an only child, 
by whom he had — Charles, Joseph P., Isidore, Catharine M., 
Mary L., Sulpice P., Alexander, Ursula M., and Eleanor M. 
Mr. Pereau died of cholera in 1833. He possessed many good 
qualities of head and heart, and is remembered with pleasure by 
the older citizens of St. Charles. After his death his widow mar- 
ried Mr. Lattraille, whom she also survived. Her death occurred 
in 1847. Charles Pereau married Louise Dodier, and died a 
month after. His widow subsequently married Mr. Lorain, and 
she died about four years ago. Joseph P. married Martha Mar- 
tineau, who died five years afterward. In 1833 Mr. Pereau, in 
company with his brothers, opened a brickyard in St. Charles, 
after which he spent twenty-five years in the employ of the Amer- 
ican Fur Company, under the various firms of Chouteau, Sarpie, 
and the Baker Brothers, at Forts Union and Benton, in the capac- 
ity of Indian trader and ti'apper. He is now living in Richard- 
son Co., Nebraska. Isidore Pereau died in his 17th year. Cath- 
arine M. died in infancy. Mary L. married her cousin, William 
S. Pereau, who came to St. Charles from jNIontreal, Canada, in 
1831. They were married by Rev. Charles Van Quickenborn, S. J., 
under whose supervison the Church of St. Charles was built. ]Mrs. 
Pereau and others were the last who received their first commu- 
nion in the old log church, which stood on Main street, part of 
the square being now occupied as a lumber yard by Holrah & 
Machens, and which is well remembered by the older Catholics 
of St. Charles. A portion of the square was used as a cemetery 
in early days. Of that party of young communicants only three 
are living, viz: ]Mis3 Louise Chauvin, (at present residing in 
St. Louis), iMrs. lott, and INIrs. Pereau. The pastor at that time 
was Rev. P. J. Verhfttgan, S. J., who died in 1868. He was closely 
identified with the early history of the Church, and his memory 
will ever be cherished by his parishoners. INIrs. P. was also one 
of the first who was confirmed in the then new stone church, 
which was torn down several years ago to make room for the 
new, large, and handsome brick structure erected within the last 
eight years by Rev. John Roes, S. J. Bishop Rosati administered 
confirmation to the applicants. Sulpice Pereau died at the age of 
twenty. Alexander married the widow of Holland Rice, whose 
maiden name was P>liza Earl. In 1864 he went to California, 
from Lexington, ]\Io., and is supposed to be dead, as he mysteri- 
ously disappeared from his family and has never since been heard 
from. His family reside in Oakland, Cal. Ursula M. married 
Samuel J. Tyner, and died in Hopkinsville, Ky., in 1862. Two 
of her children, Eleanor B. and Andrew, are living in St. Charles 


county, the former having married Christy P. McAtee ; another, 
Mary J., living near Grenada, Miss., married Samuel Harper; 
Thomas J. is practicing medicine in Memphis, and Samuel is liv- 
ing in Christian Co., Kentucky, also her other children. Eleanor M. 
was married twice. Her first husband was William L. Earl, who 
died in Lexington, Mo., in 1852. They had two children, one of 
whom died. The other, James A., married the eldest daughter 
of August Gamache, and resides in South St. Louis, Station B.. 
She was married the second time to Joseph Pourcillie, of South 
St. Louis, Station B, where she now resides. Wm. S. and Mary 
L. Pereau had six children — Thomas C, Priscilla L., Joseph H., 
William A., Mary U., and Chas. B. Thomas C. and Charles B. 
died in infancy. Priscilla L. married Benjamin Parham, and 
died in 1856. Joseph H. married his cousin, Martha P. Pereau. 
During his youth he traveled extensively over California and Mex- 
ico, operating in the mines. He subsequently returned to St. 
Charles, and in October, 1871, in company with his brother, 
William A. Pereau and William S. Bryan, established the St. 
Charles Neivs. The following year he disposed of his interest in 
that paper and removed to Nebraska, where he has since resided, 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. William A. Pereau is well 
known in St. Charles, from his connection with the various news- 
paper establishments of that place. He was a soldier of the 
"Lost Cause," and participated in a number of the hottest con- 
tests of that war. In February, 1873, after having disposed of 
his interest in the St. Charles News, he went to Texas and traded 
in "long horns," and, in a financial point of view, got badly 
"hoisted." Mary U. married Joseph McDonald, of St. Charles 
county, and is now residing near Dawson's Mill, Richardson Co.» 

Pearce. — Gideon Pearce, of England, settled in the State of 
Maryland, on the Chesapeake Bay, about the year 1675. He had 
a grandson named Thomas Pearce, who was married three times. 
The name of last wife was Ann Evert, by whom he had five chil- 
dren — Gideon, James, Thomas, Jr., Elizabeth, and Bartrus. 
Gideon, James, and Bartrus died in Maryland, unmarried. 
Thomas, Jr., married Catharine Comegys, of Maryland, and 
settled in St. Charles county. Mo., in 1820. They had ten chil- 
dren — Anna, Maria, Elinga, Miranda, Caroline, William, Catha- 
rine, Thomas, Matilda, and Benjamin. Anna married Cautious 
Money, and returned to Maryland. Maria was married twice, 
first to Richard Talbott, and second to Henry Rengo. Elinga 
married, lived and died in Maryland. Miranda and Catharine died 
young. William married Eve Baldridge. Thomas married Mrs. 
Elizabeth Wetmore. Matilda married Jonathan Zumwalt. Ben- 
jamin married Martha Camp. 

Pitman. —The grandfather of the Pitman families of St. Charles 


and Montgomery counties came to America witli the Penn colony 
in 1681 ; but he afterward settled in Campbell county, Va. His 
grandchildren were — "William, Thomas, John, and two daugh- 
ters, Mrs. Hall and Mrs. Gill, whose first names we could 
not obtain. William was one of the early pioneers of Kentucky, 
on the Daniel Boone order. He lived and died in that State. 
Thomas married a Miss Berry, of Warren county, Ky. , and they 
had five sons and several daughters. One of the daughters, named 
Rachel, married Christopher Hutchings, who settled in St. Charles 
county in 1811. They had— Albert G., Beverly T., Christopher, 
Melvina, and Nancy. Richard B., a son of Thomas Pitman, mar- 
ried Lucinda Hutchings, and settled in St. Charles county in 1811. 
They died- and left two sons, James M. and Andrew J. The 
former moved to Quincy, Ills. John Pitman, a brother of Thomas, 
settled in St. Charles county in 1810. He married Dorothy Rob- 
inson, of Virginia, by whom he had three sons and one daughter 
— Chriscopher I., Irvine S., Peyton R., and Mary I. His first 
wife d)'ing, he was married the second time to the widow Burns- 
Price, of Virginia, whose maiden name was Magdelene Irvine. She 
bore him one son, David K., and died in 1830. Mr. Pitman died 
in 1839, in his eighty-sixth year. Christopher, the eldest son of 
John Pitman, died in infancy. Irvine S., was married first to 
Nancy Talbott, daughter of Col. Hale Talbott, whose wife's 
maiden name was Jane Irvine. After her death he married 
Rachel Sweet. Mr. Pitman was a tanner by trade, and built a 
tanyard on Massey's creek, in (now) Warren county. In 1821 
Gov. McNair commissioned him Colonel of the 15th regiment of 
Missouri State militia. He was also the first Sheriff" of Mont- 
gomery county, and served as County Judge of that county for 
several terms. Mr. Pitman was a good violinist,, and very fond 
of dancing. Mary I. Pitman married Thomas D. Stephenson, of 
Kentucky. David K. , now living in St. Charles county, was mar- 
ried first to Caroline L. Hickman, of Clark county, Ky., who was 
a daughter of Richard Hickman and Lydia Callawa3% His second 
wife was Eliza H. Baker. Mr. Pitman has for many years been a 
leading member of the Southern Methodist Church, and has filled 
many prominent and responsible positions to the entire satisfac- 
tion of his brethren. He has had much to do with the educa- 
tional institutions of that Church, and his son. Prof. R. H. Pit- 
man, Principal of the Methodist Female College at Fayette, Mo., 
is well known all over the State as an experienced and successful 

Price. — Mike Price, a German, settled in St. Charles county at 
a very early date. He married Nancy Weldon, and they had — 
William B., John, Absalom, Miletus, George, and Allen. William 
B. married and had but one child, a daughter, who married an 
Irishman named Tim Sweeney. Rev. Thomas Watsou performed 


the ceremony, and as soon as he was done, Tim pulled out his 
pocket-book and paid the fee, before he had seated his bride. He 
had provided a jug of good whisky, which he left on the outside, 
and the marriage fee having been satisfactorily arranged, Tim 
invited the parson out to take a drink, which he, of course, 
declined. Tim vy-ent home that night without his bride, and came 
back after her the next day. In about twenty years they had 
twelve children, and Tim surprised the district school master one 
morning by presenting himself at the door of the school house 
with nine of them to be placed under his charge. He said he 
would have brought three more, but their mother had n't finished 
their clothes. They were promptly on hand next morning, and 
increased the number of pupils to respectable proportions. 

Pallakdie. — Pierre Pallardie is probably the oldest native- 
born citizen of St. Charles county. He was born in that 
county in 1800, and has lived continuously in the city and county 
ever since. His father came to St. Charles at an early date, and 
died on Peruque creek, twenty-five years ago. Mr. Pallardie has 
lived at his present residence on Fifth, between Lawrence and 
Lewis streets, for thirty-nine years. In his boyhood days that 
locality abounded in deer, wild turkeys, and other game, and 
a man could kill all he wanted, and more too, without exhausting 
the supply. After he began housekeeping he frequently had as 
many as two hundred smoked venison hams ahead of his imme- 
diate wants, and often fed them to the hogs in order to get them 
out of the way. The howl of the wolf broke the stillness of the 
woods at night, and sheep-raising was a precarious business. 
They also had black-tailed elk and a few bear. Their plows in 
those days were made entirely of wood, and the only vehicle 
which approximated a wagon was the French charrette, a two- 
wheeled concern, with no tires on the wheels. Tar was unknown, 
and they greased the axles with fiante de vache, and at a later 
date soft soap. Mr. Pallardie is still able to do a day's work in 
the harvest field, and he possesses great activity for a man of his 
advanced age. His health has always been good, probably be- 
cause he relied more upon nature to keep his system in tone than 
upon nostrums and medicines. He remembers the following 
physicians who practiced in St. Charles city and county during 
his younger days — Reynal, Millington, Wilson, Stoddard, Gra- 
ham, Twyman, Lay, and Watson. The latter came to St. Charles 
in 1833. Mr. Pallardie has been married three times ; first to 
Elizabeth Cornoyer ; second to Eulalie Sarie, and third to Sarah 
Jane Cole. He has had twenty-one children in all, only ten of 
whom are living. His first wife had two children, both of whom 
are dead. A son of one of these children resides in Montgomery 
county. By his second wife he had twelve children, four of whom 
are living — Francis L. , August, Elizabeth, and John. Francis L. 


has been in the Indian country for manj' years, and has made 
frequent visits to Washington with delegations of Indian chiefs, 
as interpreter. When last heard from he was traveling toward the 
Black Hills. August is a broom maker, and lives with his father. 
Elizabeth married Louis McDonald, and lives in Livingston 
county. John resides at Colorado Springs. By his last wife 
Mr. Pallardie had seven children, five of whom are living, the 
other two having died in infancy. The names of the survivors 
are — Sophie, Alberteen, Michael, Mary E., and George. Sophie 
married Edward Deversia, and lives near Florissant, in St. Louis 

RiGGS. — General Jonathan Riggs, whose name has frequently 
been mentioned in this \vork, and particularly as Lieutenant 
under Capt. Callaway at the time of his death, was the son of 
Rev. Bethel Riggs, a Baptist preacher, of Campbell Co., Ky, In 
1812 he removed to Missouri, and settled within the present lim- 
its of Lincoln countj-^; and in 1813 he organized the Sulphur 
Springs Baptist Church. His son Jonathan married Jane Shaw, 
of Campbell Co. , Ky. , and they had ten children — Samuel, Frank- 
lin, Tucker, Clinton, Nancy, Epsy, Lucinda, Matilda, Eliza, and 
Sally. Samuel was killed in Texas, by a runaway team. Frank- 
lin died in Wisconsin. Tucker lives in California. Clinton lived 
in Louisiana, Mo. Nancy married James Shaw. Epsy married 
Eli H. Perkins. Lucinda married a lawyer, named Raymond. 
Matilda married John Massey. Eliza married John Mitchell. 
Sally married Daniel Draper. General Riggs settled in Lincoln 
county, three miles north of Troy, on the Auburn road, where 
he died, in 1835. His widow died in 1873, and was buried at 
Louisiana, Mo. The remains of several of the children, who had 
died and were buried in Lincoln count}', were removed in 1874, 
and re-interred by the side of their mother's grave. 

Rice. — An Englishman named Rice settled on the point in St. 
Charles county nt a very early date, and started a large dairy. 
His wife made cheese and sold it to the soldiers at Bellefontaine 
Barracks, in St. Louis county. On one occasion, as she was 
returning home after having sold her load, she met a Mr. Love- 
land, a widower, who wanted to buy some cheese. She told him 
she had just sold out, but her daughter had some, and if he 
would go- home with her he could buy it. So he went along 
and bought the cheese, and then courted the girl and married 
her. The old gentleman often said, afterward, that that was the 
most successful trip his wife ever made — she had sold all of 
her own and her daughter's cheese, and found a husband for the 
daughter besides. — Holland Rice, a brother of this girl, was a 
farmer and cheese maker also, and had a happy turn of utiliz- 
ing his resources. Being in need of a smoke house, he sawed 
off a large hollow sycamore tree, about fourteen feet from the 


ground, and covering it with clapboards, had as neat a smoke 
house as he could desire. He then built a shed room at the side 
of the tree, which he used as a cheese house. 

RA3ISEY. — Capt. William Ramsey, a revolutionary soldier, came 
to Missouri in 1800, and settled on a small stream in St. Charles 
county, which has since been known as Ramsey's Creek. He re- 
moved from there and settled within the present limits of Warren 
county, not far from the village of Marthasville. Capt. Ramsey 
was at the battle of Yorktown, and witnessed the surrender of 
the British army under Lord Cornwallis, and during the Indian 
war in Missouri he commanded a company of rangers. He died 
in Boone Co., Mo,, May 22, 1845, aged 104 years. He was 
married twice, and by his first wife he had — Robert, John, Will- 
iam, Jr., India, Elizabeth, and Peggy. Robert married a Miss 
Smith, and lived near Marthasville. (A history of the murder of 
his family at that place has already been given.) India married 
Thomas Gillmore, who was a ranger under Capt. Callaway, and 
present at his defeat. Elizabeth married Dabney Burnett. Peggy 
and William married Bryans. John married Polly Meek, and 
after his death his widow married Francis Howell. 

RoBBiNs. — Prospect K. Robbins was a native of Massachusetts, 
but came to Missouri and settled in St. Charles county in 1810. 
He served as first Lieutenant in Callaway's first company of 
rangers. He was a finely educated man, a good surveyor, 
and taught school for a number of years in St. Charles county. 
He was the first, and for many yeai-s, the only teacher of survey- 
ing in that county. He subsequently removed to Ste. Genevieve 
county, where he died. 

RiCHEY. — John Richey, of Pennsylvania, married Cj'nthia 
Mallerson, and settled in St. Charles county in 1818. He built a 
small log cabin and covered it with linden bark, and sixteen persons 
lived in that one little cabin. One summer they were all sick of 
fever, and not one well enough to wait on the others. The names 
of Mr. Richey's children were — Rosana, Emma, John, Thomas, 
and Cynthia. 

Robbins. — Thaddeus Robbins, of Pennsylvania, settled in St. 
Charles county in 1818. He was a mill-wright by trade. The 
names of his children were — Thaddeus, Welcome, Miranda, 
Sophia, Moses B., Frederick, Abigail, Thomas J., and Samuel. 
Thaddeus died single, while on his way to Pennsylvania. Wel- 
come married Maria Mittleberger. Moses D. married Polly Best. 
Frederick and Samuel died single. Abigail married David Mc- 
Knight. Thomas J. married Elizabeth Ewing. Miranda married 
Elijah Mallerson, of Pennsylvania, who settled in St. Charles 
county in 1818. 

Rutgers. — In 1801 Aaron Rutgers received a grant of 7,000 


arpents of land, on condition that he would build a saw and grist 
mill, and open a store on Dardenne creek, not far from where 
Cottleville now stands. He built several mills before he got one 
to stand, and was at a very heavy expense. 

Redmon. — George W. Redmon, with his wife and four children, 
emigrated from Clark county, Ky., in 1828, and settled in St. 
Charles. He was one of the citizens who, in conjunction with 
Nathan Boone, took the first steps toward incorporating the town 
of St. Charles, and laying off the commons, which were leased 
for a period of nine hundred and ninety-nine years. Mr. Red- 
mon died in 1833, but his widow is still living near St. Charles, at 
the age of 85 years. Their children were — John W., Thomas J., 
Permelia A., and Lucinda. John W. is an active business man, 
and has acquired a comfortable fortune. He married Anna Mil- 
ler, of Columbia, Mo. Thomas J. was a volunteer in the Black 
Hawk war ; also in the Seminole war in Florida. He died in 
1842. Permelia married Charles Wheeler, a lawyer, of Lincoln 
county, where she now resides. Lucinda married Major N. C. 
Orear, and died in 18&2. Major Orear was for many years con- 
nected with the press of St. Charles, and was for a long time 
intimately connected with the manufacturing and commercial 
interests of the city and county. He removed to St. Louis a few 
years since, and is now engaged in the real estate business in 
that city. 

Stallard. — "Walter Stallard and his wife, Hannah Pitts, were 
both of Virginia. Their son, Randolph, married Mary BuUett, 
of Culpepper Co., Va., and they had seven children — Susan, 
Maria, Lucy, Thomas, Joseph B., Randolph, and Harrison. 
Joseph B. was a soldier in the war of 1812. He married Hannah 
Johnson, and settled in St. Charles county in 1836. They had 
seven children — Maria L., Mary E., Amanda M., Mortimer, 
Adelia, Benjamin H. and George R., who died young. Mary 
E. married B. H. Boone; Maria L., J. C. Luckett; Amanda M., 
A. S. Clinton ; Adelia, Col. Thomas Moore ; and Mortimer, Amy 

Shelton. — Capt. James Shelton was an officer in the war of 
1812, and died in 1814. He married Frances Allen, daughter of 
William Allen,' and they had — Nancy M., Pines H., Mary M., 
and James N. Mrs. Shelton and her children came to Missouii 
in 1830. Nancy M. married William Frans, and had four chil- 
dren. Pines H. was married three times, first to Rebecca Carter, 
second to Mary Wyatt, and third to Mary Scales. He had ten 
children in all. Mr. Shelton represented St. Charles county in 
the Legislature several terms, and was in the State Senate four 
years. He subsequently removed to Texas, and served several 
terms in the Legislature of that State. He now lives in Henrj'' 
Co., Mo., and is an influential and highly esteemed citizen. 


Mary M. married William M. Allen, her cousin. James N. mar- 
ried Jane Carter, and removed to Texas, where he died, leaving a 
widow and several children. 

Smith. — A Mr. Smith and his wife, of Germany, settled in 
Baltimore, Md., at an early date, where they made a fortune, and 
died. Their son, John A. Smith, was a soldier of the revolution, 
and became noted for his daring and braveiy. After the close of 
the war he married, moved to Kentucky, and settled on Lick- 
ing river, where he remained two years, and in 1799 he came to 
Missouri, and settled in St Charles county. He had two sons 
and one daughter — John A., Daniel, and Elizabeth. John A. 
married Elizabeth Shelly, and they had — John A., Jr., Rebecca, 
Job, Asa, and Daniel. Mr. Smith died of cholera. Daniel mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hostler, and they had — Levi, Jesse, Isaac, John, 
Mahala, Eliza, and Daniel, Jr. He was married the second time 
to Polly Drummond, and they had one child, Duke Y. 

Smith. — William Smith and his wife, Joice Humphrey, settled 
in Montgomery Co., Ky., in 1790. They had — George, Daniel, 
William, Jr., Henry, and Enoch. Mr. Smith's first wife died, 
and he was married the second time to Mary E. Holley, of Vir- 
ginia, by whom he had — John, Uobert T., Elkanah, Sarah, 
Elizabeth, Mary, and Lydia. John married Elizabeth Lyle, and 
settled in St. Charles county in 1819. Elkanah was married first 
to Fanny Botts, of Kentucky, and after her death he married 
Sarah Green, of Missouri. He settled in Callaway county. Mo., 
and built a wool factory in Fulton, in" 1826. Elizabeth married 
Mieajah McClenny, an early settler and prominent citizen of St. 
Chailes county. Sarah married Richard Crump, who settled in 
Callaway county in 1820. Nancy married Ira Nash, of Boone 
county. Henry came to Missoiiri and settled in Warren county 
in 1831. He married Nancy Davis, and they had — George, 
Mary, Salley, Nancy, Elizabeth, Owen, Maria, John D., Rebecca, 
and William. George was a distinguished lawyer, and died in 
Kentucky. Mary married Anthony Wyatt, of Warren county. 
Nancy married James McCluer. Elizabeth married James J. 
Smith. — The ceremony was performed by Rev. Dr. Smith, and 
they had seventeen attendants, all named Smith. — Owen married 
Eliza Post, of Callaway county. Maria married Hon. Henry 
Abington. John D. married Susan Gizer. Rebecca was married 
twice ; first to Grenade Harrison, and second to Thomas Travis. 
She is a widow again, and lives in Warren county. William 
married Elizabeth Wright. 

Sullivan. — William Sullivan, of Maryland, married Susan 
Simons, of Virginia, and their children were — Jerry, Charlotte, 
Elizabeth, Virenda, Nancy, Davis, and St. Clair. Jerry served 
in the war of 1812, and married Frances Collins, of Albemarle 
Co., Va. They settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1825. Mr. 


Sullivan was a school teacher, and a member of the Old or Iron- 
side Baptist Church. His children were — Harriet J., Susan F., 
Nancy E., Clarissa A., and Mary C. Harriet married Pleasant 
Kennedy, of Warren county. Susan F. married Jesse E. Dar- 
nell, of St. Charles county. Nancy E. died single. Clarissa A. 
married Fielding C. Darnell. Mary C. married James Love, of 
Warren county. Davis married Mary Summers, of Virginia, and 
settled in St. Charles county in 1835. The names of their chil- 
dren were — Frances, George, St. Clair, and William. 

Stewart. — William Stewart settled in Green's Bottom, St. 
Charles county, in 1798. He married Sally Howell, by whom he 
had — Susan, John, Nancy, Francis H., Elias C, and Melcina, 
all of whom married and became substantial citizens. E. C. 
Stewart was Sheriff of St. Charles county several times, and was 
a man of considerable influence in the public affairs of his county. 
William Stewart had a brother named Jackey, who belonged to 
the rangers during the Indian war; and on the day that Captain 
Callaway was killed he and Jacob Groom were hunting and scout- 
ing in the woods not far distant, when they were attacked by the 
Indians, who fired upon them and wounded Stewart in the heel. 
Botli of their horses were also wounded, Stewart's mortally, and 
after running a short distance it fell from exhaustion and loss of 
blood. The Indians were close upon them, and it was impossible 
for Stewart to escape on foot, wounded as he was. But Groom, 
with great generosity, gave him his horse, and they both suc- 
<jeeded in escaping to Fort Clenison. A man named Dougherty was 
killed by the Indians the same day, in the vicinity of Groom's farm. 
Jackey Stewart married Lucy Crump, and they had — William, 
Edward, Joseph, Coleman, Mary, Sarah, and George. 

Scott. — Felix Scott, of Monongahela county, Va., settled in 
St. Charles county in 1820. He was educated for a lawyer, and 
represented St. Charles county in the Legislature several times, 
and also in the State Senate, and was Justice of the Peace in Dog 
Prairie for many j^ears. He was a great fighter, but never got 
whipped. His son-in-law once challenged him to fight a duel, 
and Scott accepted the challenge. They were to fight with 
double-barrelled shot-guns, and Scott was not to fire until after 
his son-in-law had discharged his piece. When the fight came ofi", 
■Scott waited patiently until his son-in-law had fired, and then, in- 
stead of shooting him, he laid his gun down, and gave him a good 
pounding with his fists. In 1846 Mr. Scott removed to California, 
and from there to Oregon. He was an ambitious stock raiser, 
and exhibited some of his fine cattle at the Oregon State Fair, but 
•did not secure a premium. Determined not to be beaten 
in future, he went to Bourbon county, Ky., and purchased a herd 
of blooded cattle, which he drove across the plains to Oregon. 
But when he was within a day's travel of home, he was killed by 



a man who accompanied him, and his murderer ran away with the 
cattle, and was never heard of again. Mr. Scott was married 
twice. The names of his children were — Taswell, George, 
Presle}^, Ilerma S., Nancy, Ellen, Harriet, Julia, Felix, Jr., 
Maria, and Marion. 

Spencer. — George Spencer married Sally McConnell, of St. 
Gharles county, April 14th, 1307. Their marriage certificate .was 
the first that was issued in St. Charles district under the American 
government. The ceremony was performed by Ebenezer Ayres, 
a Justice of the Peace. They settled on the Salt River road, about 
three miles above St. Charles, and raised sixteen children. 
Robert Spencer, brother of George, was the first Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas for the District of St. Charles, receiving 
his appointment in December, 1804. He lived on the point below 
St. Charles, and in 1822 built the first brick house in that locality. 
During the overflow of 1824, the water came up into the second 
story, and not long after, the house was set on fire by lightning, 
and destroyed. Mrs. Spencer was a very energetic woman. She 
milked thirty cows, and made large quantities of butter and 
■cheese for market. Wild cats and catamounts were abundant in 
that region, and her cows would sometimes come home with holes 
eaten in their shoulders by these animals. The names of Mr. 
Spencer's children were — Robert, Jr., Harriet, William, Joseph, 
Rebecca, John, Sally, and Maria. The girls were all well edu- 
cated, and taught school. Maria was the only one that married. 

SuBLETT. —William Sublett and David Swope, both of Ken- 
tucky, settled in St. Charles in 1818, and put up the first billiard 
table in that place. Sublett served as a Constable in St. Charles, 
and afterward went with Gen. William H. Ashley on his Rocky 
Mountain expedition. He had nothing but his rifle and a buckskin 
suit that was given him by the citizens of St. Charles. He was 
absent five years, and walked all the way back, traveling at night 
and lying by during the day, for fear of Indians. Gen. Ashley, 
•who had formed a strong friendship for him, fitted him out with a 
stock of goods, and sent him back to the mountains, where he 
made a fortune trading with the Indians. He then returned to 
St. Louis and opened a large store, in cqmpany with Robert A. 
Campbell. Sublett thought a great deal of the Indians, and 
had a wigwam built in the rear of his store, where he maintained a 
family of them during his life-time. He had no children, and 
at his death he willed his property to his wife, with the condition 
that it should belong to her so long as she did not change her 
nanr.e. His intention was that she should not marry again, but 
she afterward married her husband's brother, Solomon, and re- 
tained the property vrhile she evaded the intention of the will. 

Shaw. — Samuel S. Shaw, of England, settled in Philadelphia, 
where he married Charlotte Wood, by whom lie had Samuel S.» 


Jr., and John. The latter entered the service of the United 
States Navy, where he died. Samuel S., Jr., married a widow 
named Wilson, of Boston, whose maiden name was Ann B. 
Thompson, a daughter of Aaron Thompson and Margaret David- 
son. Mr. Shaw settled in St. Charles in 1819, and went into the 
mercantile business in partnership with a man named Mechatt. 
He died in 1823, and his widow continued the business for some- 
time in partnership with Mechatt. She afterward married Dr. 
Ludlow Powell, by whom she had one daughter, Ann, who mar- 
ried Major Ross, of St. Charles. The names of Mr. Shaw's chil- 
dren were — Charlotte W., John S., and Julia K. The latter 
died young. John S. married Mary J. Elbert, of Lexington, Ky. 

Taggart. — James Taggart, of North Carolina, was the father 
of the following named -children — Sally, Anna, Elizabeth, Jane, 
Richard, Andrew, William, and James. Sally, Richard, An- 
drew, William and James came to St. Charles county at an early 
date. The first died single. Richard married Margaret Johnson. 
Andrew married Rachel Evans, and they had sixteen children. 
William married Margaret Thompson, daughter of James Thomp- 
son, and they had — Reason A., Sarah, Ann, Margaret, and 
Franklin. Reason A. married Nancy Baldridge. Sarah was mar- 
ried first to Elijah Goodrich, and after his death to Wm. M. 
Mason. Ann married Creed Archer, of Warren county. Mar- 
garet married Andrew Taggart. 

Talley. — Dr. John A. Talley, although not one of the pioneers 
of Missouri, is so well known, and has been engaged for so many 
years in the practice of medicine and surgery in St. Charles 
county, that a sketch of his life will not be out of place in this 
connection. He was born in Cumberland Co., Va., June 5, 
1813. At an early age he became well versed in the English 
classics and the principal Greek and Latin authors, having been 
thoroughly instructed in them by a private tutor at home ; and at 
the age of seventeen he was sent to Randolph Macon College, 
where, after a rigid examination, he was at once placed in the 
advanced classes. He remained at this institution two years, 
when he entered the University of Virginia, and graduated in 
medicine aud surgery in 1840. Soon after receiving his diploma, 
he was appointed assistant .surgeon at the alms house in Rich- 
mond, Va., where he learned the practical application of the 
theories which he had studied in college. He subsequently prac- 
ticed a year and a half with his brother. Dr. Z. Talley, and in the 
fall of 1840 he started, on horseback, for Missouri, followed by his 
favorite pointer dog. He located in St. Charles county, and 
boarded at the house of Col. C. F. Woodson, who resided a few 
miles south of the present site of Wentzville. He soon gained a 
large and remunerative practice, and during the sickly season of 
1844 he was kept so constantly in the saddle that he could not 


procure the requisite amount of rest, and came near sacrificing 
his own life in his efforts to save others. In 1845 he married 
Paulina C. Preston, a daughter of Col. W. R. Preston, of Bote- 
tourt Co., Va. The Preston family is one of the miost distin- 
guished and extensive in the United States, and from it 
have sprung statesmen, soldiers and scholars of the highest 
renown. Two sons resulted from this marriage, William P. and 
Edwin. The former graduated in medicine at the University of 
Virginia, and is now practicing his profession at Wentzville. Dr. 
Talfey is advanced in years, but retains his mental and phys- 
ical vigor unimpaired, and faithfully attends to his extensive and 
laborious practice. 

Taylor. — Richard Taylor, of Virginia, was a commodore in 
the U. S. Navy. His son, Roger, married Hannah Fishback, of 
Virginia, and settled in St. Charles county in 1818. His wife was 
noted for being an extremely neat housekeeper, and as carpets 
were not fashionable then, she kept her floors waxed. When gen- 
tlemen came there on business or to visit her husband, she had 
them take their boots off, and gave them slippers to wear while 
in the house. The names of Mr. Taylor's children were — Lu- 
cinda, James T., Sally S., Samuel, Matilda, Mary, Letitia, Caro- 
line, Colby, Eleanor, WiUiam, and Jacob. Lucinda married 
William Ross, who settled in St. Francois county. Sally S. was 
married three times — first to Lawrence Ross, second to Frank 
Taylor, and third to Dr. B, English. Matilda married Colburn 
Woolfolk. Mary married James Clark. Letitia married Dr. 
Daniel McFarland. Caroline married Robert Nusom. Eleanor 
married George Parton. Samuel was drowned in McCoy's 

Tayon. — Charles Tayon, a Frenchman, was commandant at St. 
Charles for sometime, under the Spanish government. He had a 
little farm just above town, which he cultivated with a yoke 
of oxen, which were driven by an old negro named Larabe. The 
yoke was tied to the horns of the oxen with rawhide strings, in- 
stead of being fastened around their necks with bows, and they 
drew their load by their horns. Mr. Tayon had one son and two 
daughters. The Spanish government never paid him for his ser- 
vices as commandant, and he finally went to Spain to see if he 
could have the matter arranged ; but he neglected to procure the 
proper credentials, and was arrested as an impostor and impris- 
oned for three years. When he was finally released and returned 
to America, his property had all been squandered, and he was 
left a poor man. 

Thompson. — John Thompson, of Pennsylvania, was one of the 
early settlers of St. Charles county. He built the first two-story 
barn that was erected on "the point," and used the second story 
for treading out wheat. The floor was made of plank, which he 


sawed with a whip-saw, and it was laid so that the grain when it 
was trodden out would fall down on the lower floor and leave the 
chaff and straw above. He had several children, all of whom, 
with his widow, returned to Pennsylvania after his death. 

Van Burkleo. — William Van Burkleo settled near the junctioa 
of the Mississippi and Missouri rivei's, in St. Charles county, in 
1798. He was married three times, first to Nellie Fallice, second 
to Mary Black, and third to Clarissa J. Gilderland, who was 
younger than some of his grandchildren. Mr. Van Burkleo fol- 
lowed the occupations of farming and horse-racing. The names 
of his children were — Edna, Samuel, Sarah, Eleanor, Mary, Will- 
iam, James, John, George, Joshua, Stephen, Elizabeth, Henry, 
Rebecca, Harrison, and Lee, sixteen in all. Mr. Van Burkleo 
was a ranger in Captain Musick's company, and was killed by the 
Indians about the close of the war. (See "Anecdotes and Ad- 

Walker. — Joel Walker, of Rockingham Co., N. C, was mar- 
ried twice. His second wife was Sally Bass, of Ireland, by whom 
he had two children, Warren and Benjamin F., both of whom 
came to St. Charles Co., Mo., with their mother, in 1830, after 
their father's death. Warren had married Mary B. Meyers, of 
North Carolina, and they had — Robert A., Mary D., Sally A,, 
Benjamin F., Warren W., Elizabeth A., Harriet U., and Charles 
J. Benjamin F., the brother of Warren, married JuUa A. Mc- 
Roberts, and they had George, Joseph, Milton, Henry, John, 
Sally, Martha A., and liouisa. The mother of Warren and Ben- 
jamin F. was married the second time to John Griffin, and they 
had two children, Joseph and John. 

Watts. — Samuel R..and George W. Watts settled in St. Chai-les 
county in 1830 and 1834. Samuel R. was married twice, first to- 
Sally Pemberton, and second to Lucy Sanders. George W. was 
also married twice ; first to Martha Matthews, of Virginia, and sec- 
ond to Paulina Ferrell. He died in Ralls county. 

Watson. — Thomas Watson and his wife, Elizabeth Donnell, of 
Ireland, had three sons — ^Thomas, Robert, and William. Mrs. 
Watson having died, her husband came to America with his three 
sons, and settled in North Carolina. Robert and William died 
young. Thomas married Sarah T. Harris, daughter of John 
Harris, a revolutionary soldier, and settled in St. Louis in 1837. 
There he became associate editor of the Missouri Argus, and sub- 
sequently purchased the paper. In 1842 President Van Buren 
appointed him Postmaster at St. Louis, a position that he filled 
for four years. He was subsequently appointed Land Agent for 
the State of Missouri by President Polk. Mrs. Watson died in 
1865, in her 73d year, and he died in 1870, in his 83d year. 
They had nine children, five of whom survived their parents, viz : 
Henry, Emily, Julia, Sarah, and Thomas. Henry was married 


twice ; first to Miss Hay, of Tennessee, and second to Maria 
Bergen. He resides in St. Louis. Julia lives in Mississippi, 
unmarried. Sarah married John Jordan, of Pensacola, Florida. 
Thomas has been a Presbyterian minister for thirty-two years, 
and is one of the leading divines of that denomination in this 
State. He is pastor of Dardenne Church, in St. Charles county, 
which was organized in 1819, and was the first Presbyterian 
church estabUshed west of St. Louis. Mr. Watson married 
Nancy McCluer. 

Watson. — Archibald Watson and wife were natives of the 
northern part of Ireland. About the year 1789 they emigrated 
to America, and settled in Pennsylvania, near Easton, on the 
Susquehanna river, where Mr. Watson engaged in merchandising, 
and where a town called Watsonville subsequently grew up. In 
1802 the family removed to Erie county, and settled on a farm, 
where they remained until 1819, when they came to Missouri. 
The voyage was made on a keel-boat, which they launched on 
French creek, and floated down that stream to the Alleghany 
river, from thence to the OhiOj down that river to the Mississippi, 
and then cordelled their boat up the latter stream to the town of 
Louisiana, Mo., which at that time consisted of only half-a-dozen 
log cabins. During that summer there were three hundred In- 
dians encamped on a creek at the lower end of the town. The 
following year Mr. Watson removed in his boat to St. Charles, 
and purchased a farm about four miles below town, where he 
resided until his death, which occurred in 182G. His wife died 
in 1824. Their children were — Mary, James, Archibald, Jr., 
William, Johnson, Samuel S., John, and Mariha. It was Archi- 
bald Watson, Sr., who kept the horses of the members of the 
Legislature while that body sat in St. Charles. After the death 
of his father, Samuel S. purchased the interest of his brothers and 
sisters in the home place, where he remained and became a suc- 
cessful and prosperous farmer. In September, 1826, he married 
Mary A. Lewis, daughter of Charles and Judith Lewis, who at 
the time was only fifteen years of age, and after the ceremony was 
over she rode home on horseback behind her husband, carrying 
her wardrobe in her lap. They remained on the farm until 1859, 
and prospered far beyond their expectations. Having acquired 
a comfortable fortune, they removed to their present beautiful 
residence near Lindenwood College, in the city of St. Charles, 
where they have since resided, enjoying the society of their 
numerous friends, and the comforts of an elegant and refined 
home. Mr. Watson has always been liberal in the support of 
religious and educational enterprises. He is one of the incorpo- 
rators of Lindenwood College, and was for a number of years a 
member of the board of incorporators of Westminister College, 
at Fulton, to both of which institutions he has contributed 


largely. In 1865 he was appointed by Governor Gamble, one of 
the Judges of the County Court, and at the end of the term he 
was solicited to become a candidate for the same office, but 
•declined, having no desire to mingle in the turbulent affairs of 
politics. Mr. Watson was born in Erie Co., Pa., February 18, 
1804, united with the Presbyterian Church at Erie, Pa., in 1819, 
and was chosen an Elder in the First Presbyterian Church at St. 
Charles in December, 1832, a position which he has held without 
intermission since that time. 

Wells. -^C arty Wells, of Stafford Co., Va., settled in Kentucky 
about 1797. He had two sons and five daughters, and four of the 
daughters married four brothers. The names of only four of the 
children can be ascertained now, viz, : Hayden, John, Sally, and 
Margaret. Hayden died in Kentucky, and left a large family. 
John was married in Prince William Co., Va., to Anna Brady and 
settled in Shelby Co., Ky., in 1810, and in St. Charlea^Co., Mo., 
in 1827. He settled at a place called Williamsburg, where he 
was appointed postmaster, and died in 1837. His children were 
— Carty, Jr., Joseph B., James, John C, Thomas F., Jeptha D., 
Helen B., Euphemia,~and Jane S. Carty, Jr., studied law and 
became prominent in that profession. He was circuit and county 
clerk of Warren county, became a member of the State Senate, 
and was Circuit Judge for a number of years. He removed to 
Lincoln county in 1839, and died in 1860. His wife was Mahala 
Oglesby, of Kentucky, by whom he had nine children, viz. : Mary 
F., Euphemia, Anna, Catharine, Richard H., James, Alfred C, 
Joseph D., and Thomas L. Mary F. married Judge Samuel F. 
Murray, of Pike county. Euphemia married William W. McCoy. 
Anna married William A. Bevan. Catharine married Thomas 
Hammond. Richard was married twifce, and removed to Texas. 
James was a physician, and lived in Osage Co. , Mo. Alfred C. 
married a Miss Sharp, and lives in St. Louis. Joseph D. married 
a Miss Guthrie. Thomas L. never married. — Joseph, brother of 
Judge Carty Wells, was also a prominent attorney, and was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention of 1855. He removed 
to California, and entered into the practice of law in San Fran- 
cisco, in partnership with Judge Crockett. He subsequently 
returned to Missouri, and died at Troy, Lincoln county, in 1858. 
He never married. James Wells married Catharine Johnson, 
daughter of Charles Johnson, who bought Colonel Nathan Boone's 
place on Femme Osage creek. John C. Wells was a physician. 
He married Catharine Carter, and lived in Troy. Thomas F. 
married Martha Shelton. Joseph D. studied law, and died about 
the time he began to practice. Helen B. married Richard H. 
Woolfolk,, of Kentucky. Euphemia married John Snethen, of 
Montgomery county. Jane S. married Solomon Jenkins, who 
was an architect, and planned the lunatic and deaf and dumb 


asylums and Westminster College, located at Fulton, Missouri. 

WooTON. — Mr. Wooton, of Kentucky, married Miss Marion of 
that State, and settled in St. Charles county In 1816. They had 
four children — Marion, Elijah, John, and Elizabeth. Elizabeth 
married Calvin Gunn, and their daughter, Mary, married ex- 
Gov. B. Gratz Brown. 

White. — Jacob White, of Kentucky, married a Miss Stone, and 
settled in the town of St, Charles in 1816. He was a great bee 
raiser, and had an idea that no one could be successful in that 
business unless he stole a swarm to commence with. One of his 
neighbors wanted to purchase a swarm from him one day, but 
White told him that thej^ would do him no good unless he stole 
them. The man took him at his word, and stole the bees that 
night, but they stung him nearly to death as he was carrying them 
home. Mr. White had four children, all daughters, whose names 
were^ — Harriet, Angeline, Elizabeth, and Mary. They all remained 
single except Elizabeth, who married Mr. Whitney, of Boston, 
who settled in St. Charles and opened a shoe store at an early 
date. Their children were — William F., Martha E., and Frank 
W. William F. married a daughter of Hon. A. H. Buckner, 
member of Congress from the thirteenth district. Martha E. 
married Hon. A. H. Edwards, at present a member of the Mis- 
souri State Senate. 

YosTi. — The father of Judge Francis Yosti, of St. Charles, 
whose name was Emelieu Yosti, was a native of Italy. He came 
to St. Louis with some Spanish troops sometime during the latter 
part of the eighteenth century, and engaged in the mercantile 
business. He possessed only a limited capital, but by persever- 
ance and tact he accumulated a fortune. He married Theotes 
Duran, a daughter of one of the old French families of St. Louis, 
by whom he had six children. The first court in the Territory of 
Missouri, under the American government, was held in his house ; 
and at one of its sessions a murderer named John Long was con- 
victed and sentenced to death. Mr. Yosti died in 1812, and his 
wife in 1824. Francis Yosti, the eldest child, was born in St. 
Louis on the 7th of August, 1798. He settled in St. Charles in 
1829, and married Emily Adeline Morrison. He subsequently 
engaged in the mercantile business with a Mr. MorHson, at Frank- 
lin, in Howard county, where they remained one year. They 
then loaded their goods into wagons, and started across the 
plains to Santa Fe, New Mexico. They made the trip in ninety 
days, and immediately opened their goods and went into busi- 
ness. The following year Mr. Yosti returned to Missouri, but 
went back to Santa Fe the next spring. During that summer 
they disposed of their stock of goods, and Mr. Yosti, in company 
with nine others, started back to Missouri. They took the south- 



ern route clown the Arkansas river, in order to avoid the cold of 
■a. northern latitude, and when near the confluence of the Mex- 
quite and Canadian, rivers, they were attacked by about 150 In- 
dians. Two of the party and all their horses were killed, but the 
bodies of the latter were piled in a circle and afforded a safe 
breast-work, behind which the survivors gallantly withstood the 
assaults of the overwhelmning numbers of the enemy. They killed 
and wounded a large number of their assailants, and when night 
came on they succeeded in making their escape, but were com- 
pelled to abandon all their property, and travel with empty guns, 
as they had expended all their ammunition in their defence. 
They traveled seventeen days on foot, through swamps, and over 
hills and rocks, with nothing to eat but roots, bark, and sumac 
buds. Finally, when nearly exhausted and almost famished, 
they heard firing on the opposite side of the Arkansas river, 
which they had followed into the Indian Territory. They 
rightly conjectured that they were in the midst of friendly In- 
dians, and hastily constructing a raft, thej'^ crossed the river 
and made their presence known. The Indians received them 
in the most friendly manner, and kindly cared for them sev- 
eral days, until their strength was sufficiently restored to resume 
their journey, when they furnished them with ponies and accom- 
panied them to Fort Gibson, where they embarked on a boat for 
St. Louis. Mr. Yosti located in St. Charles in 1834, and again 
engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was also interested >in the 
milling business with George Collier. In 1857 he began to deal 
in grain, in company with Capt. John Orrick, and continued in 
that business for sixteen years. He then retired to private life, 
and now enjoys the fruits of his labors in his elegant home, sur- 
rounded by his cultivated and intelligent family. The names of 
his children were — Virginia, James M., Emily Jane, William, 
Euphrasia, and Mary. Emily Jane and William were twins. 
Virginia died in. childhood, and James M. died at the age of 
twenty-five years. Emily Jane married John K. Lintz, and Mary 
married John A. Keller. Mr. Yosti was Judge of the County 
Court during six years of his life. 

YoiTNG. — William Young, of England, came to America and 
settled in Halifax county, Va. He served as a soldier in the- 
American army during the revolutionary war. He married Eliz- 
abeth Stegale, and they had — Archibald, Marland. Milton, Pey- 
ton, Wiley, Samuel, Frances, and Judith. Archibald, Marland, 
and Milton fought in the revolutionary war. The former mar- 
ried and settled in Kentucky, and the two latter in Smith Co., 
Tenn. Samuel died in Virginia, and Wiley settled in East Ten- 
nessee. Frances and Judith married and lived in Virginia. Pey- 
ton married Elizabeth Oglesby, and they had — Celia, George, 
Nancy, Oglesby, William, Peyton, Elizabeth, and Araminta. 


Oglesby settled in St. Cliarles county in 1829. He married Jane 
Love, daughter of Robert Love and Esther Bevan. 

ZuMWALT. — Jacob Zumwalt, of Germany, emigrated to Amer- 
ica, and settled first in Pennsylvania, where the town of Little 
York now stands. He purchased the land upon which the town 
was subsequently built, and erected a cabin upon it. Being af- 
flicted with a cancer, he removed to Virginia, where he could ob- 
tain medical aid, and settled on the Potomac, not far from 
Georgetown. But he grew worse instead of better, and soon 
died. In the meantime the deed to his land in Pennsylvania had 
been destroyed, and his children lost what would have been a 
princely fortune to them. This valuable paper was lost in a 
rather singular manner. One of the girls, wliile hunting about 
the house for a piece of pasteboard to stiffen her new sun-bonnet, 
found the. deed, and, being unable to read, she supposed it 
was some useless piece of old paper, and used it in her bonnet. 
The deed had never been recorded, and therefore could not be 
restored, and the heirs to the property never succeeded in estab- 
lishing their title. Mr. Zumwalt was married twice. By his first 
wife he had — Henry, George, Dolly and Lizzie ; and by his second 
he had — Christopher, Jacob, John, Adam, Andrew, and Catha- 
rine. Christopher and Jacob settled in St. Charles county, on 
Peruque creek, in 1796, and in 1798 Jacob built the first hewed 
log house that was ever erected on the north side of the Missouri 
river. It is still standing, on land owned by Mr. D. Heald, about 
one and a half miles northwest of O'Fallon Station, on the St. 
Louis, Kansas City and Northern Railway. The house was used 
as a fort during the Indian war, and often as many as ten families 
found shelter within its walls at the same time. The first Metho- 
dist sacrament in Missouri was administered in this house, by 
Rev. Jesse Walker, in 1807. The wine was made by Mrs. Zum- 
walt and Mrs. Col. David Bailey, from the juice of polk berries, 
sweetened with maple sugar ; and for bread they used the crusts 
of corn bread. Adam Zumwalt came to Missouri in 1797. He 
placed his family and $800 worth of goods, with his stock, con- 
sisting of 30 head of cattle, 11 sheep, and 12 horses, on board a 
flat-boat, and came down the Ohio and up the Mississippi river to 
St. Charles county with his clumsy craft. He settled near the 
present town of Flint Hill, where he erected two still houses and 
made 'whisky to sell to the Indians, who were camped near his 
place. The great chief Black Hawk made his home at Mr. Zum- 
walt' s for sometime, and was a regular and frequent visitor until af- 
ter the commencement of hostilities between the whites and the In- 
dians. He often-danced with Mr. Zumwalt's daughters, and was 
so fond of his whisky that he frequently became very drunk ; but 
he never caused any disturbance or acted In an ungentlemanly 
manner. In very cold weather the whisky would freeze and be- 


come solid ice, in which state it was sold to the Indians by the 
cake, and they often bought as much as a |100 worth in a single 
day. Mr. Zumwalt was a friend of the preachers, and whenever 
they came into the neighborhood they held services in his house. 
Rev. Jesse Walker and a German minister named Hostetter 
preached there as early as 1800. During the Indian war Mr. 
Zumwalt's family took shelter in Pond Fort, while he and his son 
Jonathan remained at home to protect the property and prevent 
the Indians from destroying it. Jonathan had learned to use his 
gun when only five years of age, and was as quick and accurate 
a marksman as could be found in the country. When he was six 
years old he killed a large buck, which plunged about so in its 
death agonies that he became frightened and ran home, and lost 
his gun in the woods. On one occasion the Indians crossed the 
Mississippi river on the ice, and murdered an entire family of 
twelve persons, who lived near Mr, Zumwalt's place. He assisted 
in burying them. The bodies were wrapped in quilts and buried 
under the house, in a place that had been used as a cellar. The 
Indians burned the house soon after, and the bodies were de- 
voured by the flames. On another occasion an Indian chief died 
at Mr. Zumwalt's house, and was buried with a loaf of bread in 
one hand and a butcher-knife in the other, and his dog was killed 
and buried at his feet. These preparations were made in order 
that when he reached the happy hunting grounds he would have 
something to eat, and a dog to find game for him. The names of 
Mr. Zumwalt's children were — John, Elizabeth, Andrew, Rachel, 
Mary, Catharine, Jonathan, and Solomon. —John Zumwalt, a 
brother of Adam, settled on Darst's Bottom, in St. Charles 
county, in 1806. The names of his children were — George, John, 
Barbara, Mary, Elizabeth, Adam, Andrew, Jacob, Henry, and 
William. — Andrew Zumwalt was a devoted Methodist, but his 
three daughters joined the Baptist Church, and their mother said 
she was glad of it. But the old gentleman was very angry, and 
said he hoped, now that his family was divided among the 
churches, that some of them would find the right one and get to 
heaven, and be contented when they got there, and not want to 
go somewhere else. — There were five Jacobs in the different 
Zumwalt families, and they were distinguished as Big Jake, Little 
Jake, Calico Jake, St; Charles Jake, and Lying Jake. 


The following additional histories of families in St. Charles 
county were obtained after the preceding pages of this work had 
gone to press. 

Alexander.— The Alexanders were among the early Colonial 
settlers. They located in Virginia prior to the revolution, and 
John Alexander, the first of whom we have any definite record, 
was an officer of the American army during the struggle for inde- 
pendence. His son, James H., who who was a Virginia fanner, 
came to Missouri in the fall of 1829, and settled on a farm in the 
lower part of Dardenne Prairie, where he resided until his death, 
which occurred in 1836. His wife died in 1833. They left four 
children, two sons and two daughters, the latter being the younger. 
One of the sons, William Archibald, better known by the familiar 
name of Arch, was twelve years of age when his father died, hav- 
ing been born in Rockbridge Co., Va., June 15, 1824. He was 
taken back to Virginia by a family of relatives, and educated for 
the legal profession. He devoted three years to study in the liter- 
ary department of Washington College, now Washington and Lee 
University, when he returned to St. Louis and entered the law 
oflSce of Spaulding & Tiffney, as a student. The following j^ear 
he was admitted to the bar, and began the practice of his profes- 
sion in the office of Hon. Wm. M. Campbell, where he remained 
until the death of the latter. He then returned to Virginia and 
spent a year in traveling through the South, when he came back to 
Missouri and located in St. Charles. There he met with marked 
success, and was soon elected Public Administrator. He was 
subsequently elected to the oflflice of Commissioner of Public 
Schools, and in 1870 was chosen Mayor of the city of St. 
Charles, an office which he filled with great credit to himself and 
to the satisfaction of his constituents. In 1872 he was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney of the county, and was re-elected in 1874. 
He possesses a pleasant address, a fine flow of language, a hand- 
some personal appearance, and is universally popular. He was 
married December 10, 1861, to Agnes BehrenSi daughter of Dr. 
Henry and Bertha Behrens, of St. Charles. 

Anderson. — Robert A. Anderson, of Kentucky, settled in St. 
Charles Co., Mo., in 1838. His wife wiis Rachel Givens, of Ken- 
tucky, by whom he had — Harriet J., Margaret A., America, Alex- 
ander G., and Sarah L. Sarah and Margaret married Preston B. 
Scott, at present of St. Louis. America married Alcana Delana 


Fortunatus Fleming Trout, of Warren county, who was noted for 
bis unusually numerous names and eccentric disposition. Major 
A. G. Anderson was mai-ried in Vernon county, to Mary Roberts, 
and they now live in St. Louis. He was a Major in the famous 
First Missouri Brigade, on the Confederate side, during the late 
war, and is well known all over the State. He is a man of fine 
add less and more than ordinary ability. 

Atkinson. — John Atkinson moved from Louisville, Kentucky, 
and settled in St. Charles about the year 1843. Prior to that time 
he was extensively engaged with his brother in the milling busi- 
ness at Louisville, Ky., and Richmond, Va. He bought the large 
stone mill on the river bank in St. Charles, from George Collier, 
and operated i^ successfully for many years. The flour manufac- 
tured by him attained a high reputation, in the South and in New 
York and Liverpool ; and it might be said with propriety that he 
was one of the first millers in the West who helped establish the 
reputation of St. Louis and St. Charles flour, and gave it that high 
standing it has since enjoyed, both at home and abroad. Cotem- 
porary with him, were Edward Walsh, A. W. Fagin and Dennis 
Marks, pi'ominent millers of St. Louis, who, with him, may be said 
to have been the founders of the present immense milling business 
St. Louis and St. Charles ; an interest that has grown to such 
gigantic proportions and which has contributed so largely to the 
wealth and commercial prosperity of the two localities. About 
1850 Mr. Atkinson purchased a large mill in Pekin, Ills., intending 
to carry on both establishments, and had just completed thorough 
and extensive repairs on the property, when it was destroyed by 
fire, inflicting on him a severe loss from which he never fully recov- 
ered. He returned to St. Charles, and operated the mill there till 
about the breaking out of the war, after which he did not again 
engage in active business. During his business life in St, Charles 
his operations were on a large scale, and gave employment to a 
great number of men in his mill and in connection with it. He 
was one of the most prominent and highly esteemed citizens of the 
place, and his memory is ^leld in kind remembrance by the older 
people here, who knew him, and esteemed him in the highest 
degree for his sterling qualities as an upright, honorable business 
man, and for his genial and social traits. He married his first 
wife, Virginia Davidson, of Petersburg, Va., in Louisville, Ky. 
She bore him eight children, of whom only three are living — Rob- 
ert and John, well known and prominent merchants of St. 
Charles, and Virginia, wife of E. E. Chase, Esq., an extensive 
hai'dware merchant of Edina, Missouri. His second wife, for- 
merly Miss Lockwood, of Binghampton, N. Y., survives him. 
Mr. Atkinson was a gentleman of the old school, with the strict- 
est sense of honor, a man of warm and generous impulses, chari- 
table and kind hearted. He was a public sjDirited citizen, con- 



tributing liberally to all deserving enterprises, and taking a warm 
interest in all undertakings tending to advance the' interests of 
his section of the country. He was one of the original projec- 
tors and a strong friend of the liTorth Missouri Railroad, and lent 
his aid and influence toward securing its success. 

Barada. — Louis Barada was born in St. Louis, and settled with 
his parents in St. Charles about the year 1800, where he resided 
during the rest of his life. He died in March, 1852, and his wife 
died in February, 1873. Mr. Barada followed various occupa- 
tions, but devoted most of his time to the butchering business and 
milling. He assisted in the building of the famous old stone flour- 
ing mill, in which he at one time owned an interest. He also 
helpedtobuild the old stone Catholic church, and was one of its 
trustees for manj' years, serving in that capacity until his death. 
He married Ellen Gagnon, by whom he had eleven children— Louis, 
Jr., Danaciene, Louise, AnnN., Mary, Pierre, Benoist, Ellen, John 
B. , Lucille and Eulalie. Louis, Jr. , Danaciene, Benoist and Eulalie 
died in childhood, and Pierre died at the age of ten years. 
Louise married David Knott, who died in St. Louis in 1848. 
His widoT still resides in that city. Ann N. married AntoineLe- 
Faivre, who died in 1853 ; she is still living. Mary married Charles 
Cornoyer, who died in St. Louis in 1871, and his widow still 
resides there. Ellen was married twice ; first to John LeFaivre, 
who died two years afterward, and she subsequentl}"^ married Joseph 
Widen, who died from injuries received from the explosion of the 
steamer George C. Wolf. His widow lives in St. Louis. John 
B. was clerk on the steamer Robert^ and died in St. Louis of Yel- 
low fever, contracted in New Orleans. Lucille married Lucien 
F. LaCroix, and died in St. Louis in 1863. Mr. LaCroix married 
again, and is living in Helena, Montana, publishing the Daily In- 

BoYSE. — Matthew R. Boyse was born in Wexford Co., Ireland, 
in 1788. In 1814 he married Ann CuUin, and in 1825 they emi- 
grated to the United States. They settled first in Wheeling, Va., 
but came to St. Louis, Mc, in 1827. In 18^7 they removed to St. 
Charles, but returned to St. Louis in 1843, where they resided 
the rest of their lives. Mr. Boyse died December 25, 1864, and 
his widow die;l in 1874, aged 79 years. They had fifteen children, 
of whom the following lived to be grown — Mary, Ellen, John, 
Clement, Martin, Ann, Matthew, Jane and William. Mary mar- 
ried Samuel Maxwell, of St*. Louis, and died in 1872. Ellen mar- 
ried Daniel Emerson, of Dog Prairie, St. Charles county. John 
married Mrs. McKinney, whose maiden name was Celeste Cornoyer, 
and died in 1868. Clement married Martha A. Drury. Martin 
married Johanna Casey, of Washington county. Ann married 
JMichael McGuire, of St. Louis. Matthew married Ellen Murphy, 


of St. Louis, and died in 1857. Jane married John O'Brien, of 
Lincoln county. William married Susan E. Drury. 

Cunningham. — Col. Thomas W. Cunningham came to St. 
Charles, from Virginia, in 1830, His life has always been 
governed by motives of purity and honesty, and there is no 
man in the county or State who enjoys the esteem and respect of 
his fellow-citizens in a higher degree than Colonel Cunningham. 
Public duties entrusted to him have been as faithfully and care- 
fully attended to as if they were his own private aifairs ; and it can. 
be truly said of him that he has never shirked a responsibility or 
evaded a duty. He is now in his 77th year, has laid aside the 
cares of business, and enjoys himself in the society of his family 
and the companionship of his books. He has been a close student 
for many years, and his library is one of the rarest in the county. 
The first civil office to which the Colonel was elected was that of 
Public Surveyor of St. Charles county, a position which he filled 
for a number of years in the most satisfactory manner. He was 
subsequently chosen Mayor of the city of St. Charles, and made 
one of the best executive officers the city ever had. During the 
Black Hawk war he served as Colonel of a regiment, and retained 
his sword until the late war between the North and South, when 
he was forced to reluctantly surrender it to the military authori- 
ties. Colonel Cunningham married Elizabeth A. Christman, of 
Lincoln county, and they had six children — Josepha, Theresa, 
Henry A., John C, Thomas S., andBe.ttie Barr. Josepha married 
J. H. Aikin of Virginia, and at present resides in Warren county, 
Missouri. Theresa and Bettie Barr died in infancy. Henry A. is a 
prominent attorney of St. Louis. He graduated at St. Charles. 
College and studied law in his father's office. His success at the 
bar has been brilliant, and though a )'oung man, he has acquired a 
considerable fortune. He has jnanaged a number of cases with 
great ability in the United States Supreme Court, is at present a 
prominent candidate for Judge of the Court of Appeals of Mis- 
souri, and will probably be elected, as he is supported by Demo- 
crats and Republicans without regard to party affiliations. He 
has traveled extensively in the United States and Europe, is pol- 
ished and gentlemanly in his manners, and universally popular. 
John C. Cunningham died at the age of twenty-seven. Thomas 
S. studied law in -his father's office, was admitted to the bar, and 
is meeting with good success for a young attorney. He was elect- 
ed to the office of Public Administrator, two years ago. 

Cunninigham. — Edward C. Cunningham was born in Frederick 
county, Maryland, February 22, 1809. He married Margaret 
Buxton, of Montgomery county, Maryland, on the 27th of Janu- 
ary, 1831, and emigrated to Missouri in 1836. He remained one 
year in St. Charles county, and then removed to, Warren, but re- 
mained there only a short time, when he came back to St. Charles,, 



where he has since resided. In the spring of 1838 Mr. Cunning- 
ham was appointed Collector of revenues for the city of St. 
Charles, and the following August was elected Constable of the 
township. In 1844 he was elected Sheriff of the count}', as an 
independent candidate, and was re-elected in 1846. Since the ex- 
piration of his second term of office he has been employed in var- 
ious branches of business, such as farming, stock raising, dealing 
in stock, and butchering ; and at present he is cultivating his 
farm near St. Charles, attending to the butcher's business, and 
operating a coal mine. He purchased the Wardlow farm in 1847, 
and is still proprietor of the place. The stepping plank to the 
horse-block at his front gate, was placed there by Mr. Wardlow 
forty-four years ago, and it is still sound and used for the same 
purpose. In 1845 Mr. Cunningham introduced a new variety' of 
wheat, from Frederick county, Maryland, called the Zimmerman, 
which has since become the standard wheat of St. Charles count}-, 
and has given a reputation to the wheat and flour of that count}* 
which extends over a large portion of the civilized world. In 1840 
he imported from Albany, New York, the first Berkshire hogs that 
had ever been introduced into St. Charles county, and since that 
time the county has become celebrated for its fine pork. By his 
first wife Mr. Cunningham had four children — Mary, Nancy E., 
Charles W., and Margaret S. Mary and Margaret S. died in 
infancy, Nancy E. died in her thirteenth year, and Charles W. died 
in his eighteenth year. Mrs. Cunningham died August 28, 
1836, and her husband afterward married EHzabeth Slagle, of 
Frederick county, Maryland, by whom he had — Sarah N., Freder- 
ick S., Edward L., Ann E., John M., and Elizabeth S. Ann E.. 
Elizabeth S., and Sarah N. died in infancy. Frederick S. mar- 
ried Ann Taylor. He was at one time postmaster of St. Charles,, 
but, being in bad health, he resigned the office and went to Cali- 
fornia, where he died, April 23, 1865. His widow afterward, 
married Charles A. Cunningham, and now resides in Carrollton, 
Missouri. Edward L. married Mary Stewart, and lives in Texas. 
John M. is in business with his father. Mrs. Cunningham died 
May 1, 1854, and on the 21st of December, 1854, he married. 
Teresa Johnson, of Cumberland, Maryland, who died August 16^ 

Cruse. — Francis and Elizabeth Cruse were natives of Prussia. 
They emigrated to America and settled in St. Charles county in 
1834, and were married soon after. They had five children. Mrs. 
Cruse died in 1844, but Mr. Cruse survived until 1853. Their eld- 
est son, Joseph, .was born October 20, 1837, and is now a prom- 
inent citizen of his native county. He learned the carpenter's- 
trade at the age of sixteen, with F. Smith & Co., of St. Louis ; but 
preferring agricultural pursuits he purchased a farm in Cuivre 
township, where he has since resided. He has been three times 


elected to the office of Justice of the Peace in his township, and 
was appointed Notary Public by Gov. Fletcher in 1871. In 1870 
be was elected one of the Judges of the County Court, and at the 
expiration of his first term was re-elected to the same position. 
He has made a faithful and efficient officer, and enjoys the confi- 
dence and esteem of his fellow-citizens. He is a leading member 
of the Catholic Church, and possesses a friendly, sociable dispo- 
sition. He was married in 1860 to Josephine Beckman. 

DuKFEE. — Rev. Thomas Durfee came to St. Charles from Fall 
River, Mass., in 1827. He was a graduate of Brown University, 
Rhode Island, and of the Theological Seminary at Andover, Mass. 
In 1828 he was married to Miss Ann Glenday, who was a neice of 
Thomas Lindsay, and then living with him. Mr. Durfee lived 
several years after his marriage in Callaway county, as pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church at Auxvassee. He afterward returned to 
St. Charles, and was agent of the American Bible Society, and in 
1833 — the great cholera year — he died at the house of Thomas 
Lindsay. Mr. Durfee was a man of great worth and a fine 
preacher. He left two daughters, Jane S., who afterwards was 
married to John Jay Johns, and Margaret. Lindsay, who is now 
the wife of E. P. Borden, of Philadelphia. Mrs. Durfee, after 
the death of her husband, continued to live with her uncle, 
Thomas Lindsay, till his death in 1843. At her uncle's death 
sae was, by his will, possessed' of his old homestead, where she 
continued to reside till 1850, when she went to live with her son- 
in-law, John Jay Johns, with whom she still resides. She is a 
great enthusiast on the subject of education, and is using her 
means freely in educating her grand children. Her eldest daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Johns, was educated at Monticello, Ills., and Mrs. Bor- 
den at Bradford Seminary^ in Massachusetts. 

HiLBERT. — Jacob F. Hilbert and wife came from Carlile, 
Cumberland Co., Penn., to St. Charles county in July, 1836. 
For about seven years after his arrival in that county, Mr. Hilbert 
•was engaged in the distilling business with his brother John ; but 
it did not prove remunerative, and he removed to the city of St. 
Charles, where he remained until his death, which occurred May 
7, 1848. In 1843 he acted as Deputy Sheriff of the county, and 
Councilman for the city of St. Charles. He Was afterward elected 
Assessor of the county, and was performing the duties of that 
office at the time of his death. He married Cresentia Yeally, of 
Pennsylvania, before his removal to Missouri, and they had five 
children, three of whom are living, viz : Julius, Jerome, and Jacob. 
Mr. IL was upright and prompt in all his transactions with his 
fellow-men, and his death was an irreparable loss to the commu- 
nity. His estimlUble widow lives in the house that he purchased 
thirty-three years ago. John Hilbert, a brother of Jacob, settled 
in St. Charles county in 1836. He came from Ehzabethtown, 


Pa. During his residence in St. Charles he held the various offi- 
ces of Constable, Councilman, and Mayor, and always discharged 
his duties in a conscientious manner and to the best of his ability. 
He possessed considerable force of character, and was firm in his 
adherence to principle and the measures which he deemed just 
and right. He married Eliza Close, and they raised five children. 
He died in 1871, and his widow resides in St. Louis. Aloyseus 
Z. Hilbert, another brother, came from Rochester, N. Y., to 
Franklin Co., Mo., in 182G, where he married Sarah Johnson, and 
with his wife removed to St. Charles. He had the reputation of 
being one of the best millers in the West, and did the first stone 
dressing that was ever done on the buhrs of the old Colliei' 
mill. He was a member of the firm of Woods & Hilbert, flour 
manufacturers, of New Orleans, twenty-seven j'ears ago ; and 
<luring Mayor Pratt's administration he was flour Inspector 
of St. Louis. His first wife died, and he afterward married Mrs. 
Martha Spencer, who now resides in Iowa. Mr. Hilbert was 
killed in St. Louis, in 1873, by a fall down a flight of stairs at the 
hotel where he was stopping. He received a wound in the head 
from which he died in an hour. He had gained an extended rep- 
utation as a miller, and among his eflTects were found strong let- 
ters of recommendation from Messrs. Chouteau, Jules and Felix 
Valle, and J. & PI Walsh, the latter stating that the popularity of 
their brand of flour in the South and South America was due in 
no small degree to the skill and intelligent services of Mr. Hilbert. 

McRoBERTS. — John McRoberts and wife settled in Lincoln Co., 
Ky., about 1785. They had a son named George, who married 
Sally Erabree, by whom he had — Milton, Fannie, Harvey, Nancy 
S., Preston, John, Harrison, Julia A., and Mary B. In 1824 
they removed to Missouri and settled in Boone county, where 
Mr. McRoberts and his son Harvey died the same year. The 
widow and the rest of the children then returned to Kentucky, 
but in 1828 they came back to Missouri and settled in St. Charles 
■county. In the meantime Milton had married Harriet Logan, 
and settled in St. Charles county in 1826. Nancy married Frank 
Hun, who settled in St. Charles county in 1830. Preston mar- 
ried Fannie Wade, of Lincoln county. John returned to Ken- 
tucky, married Nancy Massey, and remained in that State. Har- 
rison was married twice ; first to Harriet J. Anderson, and sec- 
ond to Rachel E. Phillips. Julia A. married Benjamin Walker. 

Phillips. — Jenkin Phillips, of Virginia, married Rachel Grubb, 
by whom he had — Rhoda, William, Benjamin, Rachel, and Jen- 
kin, Jr. Mrs. Phillips died in Virginia, and her husband, with 
his son Jenkin, Jr., and daughter Rhoda, settled in St. Charles 
Co., Mo., in 1838, where he died in 1857. Jenkin, Jr., was mar- 
ried twice ; first to Margaret Kinnear, who died in 1844 ; and sec- 
ond to Martha Smith. Rhoda died sincrle in 1844. 



Warren County was organized January 5, 1833, out of the 
surplus territory of Montgomery county. The first settlement 
within its limits was made bj'^ some French emigrants, who built 
a village at the mouth of Charrette creek, at a date so early that 
we have no record of it, and who gave it the name of that stream. 
A fort was erected at that place during the Indian war, but both 
fort a;nd village have long since disappeared, and the place where 
they stood was washed away by the river many years ago. 

The first American settlement within the limits of Warren 
county was made by David Bryan, in 1800. He built his cabin 
near the bank of Teuque creek, on a hill overlooking the Mis- 
souri river bottom, about a mile and a half southeast of Mar- 
thasville. Not many years afterward he built a double hewed log 
house, the first of the kind that was erected in that part of the 
country, and which at the time was considered a very fine struc- 
ture. Men came thirty miles to help raise it. The boards of the 
roof were fastened to the rafters with wooden pins, because nails 
could not be procured. This house remained standing, and was 
occupied as a dwelling, until about six years ago, when it was 
torn down to make room for a handsome brick edifice. 

The next American settler in Warren county was Flanders 
Callaway, who came about the same time Bryan did, and built his 
cabin in the bottom, about half-way between the bluff and river, 
and about half a mile from each. 

Sometime previous to 1802, William and Robert Ramsey settled 
to the northwest of the two families just mentioned, the former 
about half a mile east of the present site of Marthasville, on 
land now owned by Frederick Griswold, Jr., and the latter about 


two miles northwest of Marthas^'ille, where several members of 
his family were afterward massacred by the Indians. 

Thomas Kennedy settled in the northern part of the county, 
about a mile southeast of the present town of Wright City, some- 
time between 1807 and 1812. He built a fort on his place during 
the Indian war. and it became one of the most noted places of 
that period. 

Other settlements were made from time to time, but the popu- 
lation increased so slowly that when the county was organized it 
did not contain more the 4,000 inhabitants. 

A place called New Boston, on Charrette creek, was the first 
county seat ; but in 1835 the town of Warrenton was laid out, 
and established as the permanent seat of justice. In 1838 a 
brick court house was erected there, at a cost of $2,600. It was 
at that time one of the largest and most handsome buildings in 
all North Missouri, and the people complained about having to 
pay taxes to build so fine a house. This building was used for 
its original purposes until 1869, when it was torn down, and a, 
more elegant structure, costing $35,000, erected on its site. The 
first County Court was organized on the 20th of May, 1833, at 
the house of Mordecai Morgan, not far from the future town of 
Warrenton. The members of this court were, Tilman CuUum, 
President; Morgan Bryan, and Thomas N. Graves. Absalom 
Hays was Sheriff, Carty Wells Clerk, and Walter Cillon deputy 
Clerk. James Pitzer was County Surveyor. The first license 
was granted to Frederick Griswold, to keep tavern at Pinckney, 
for which he paid $15. Walter Dillon also obtained a license at 
the same court to keep tavern at Hickory Grove. 

The first graid jury of Warren county was composed of — 
Thomas Talbott, foreman; Grief Stewart, Samuel Dohertj', 
Benoni McCIure, Andrew G. Long, Isaac Kent, Jr., William 
Camron, James Miller, Edward Pleasant, Turner Roundtree, 
Jonathan D. Gordon, Benjamin Hutchinson, W. A. Burton, 
Thomas Chambers, George Clay, James B. Graves, John B. Shaw, 
and Jared Irvine. 

Pinckney was the first town founded within the limits of Warren 
county, after the French village of Charette. It was laid off in 
1819, and named for Miss Attossa Pinckney Sharp, daughter of 
Benjamin Sharp. It was situated on the Missouri river, in the 
southern part of the county, and was the first county seat pf 
Montgomery county. The original site of the town has fallen 


into the rive'r, and a country post oltice in the vicinity, called 
Pinckney, is all that is left to mark the location of a once flour- 
ishing town. (For a history of Pinckney, see Montgomery 
county. ) 


Archer. — Charles C. Archer, of England, emigrated to Amer- 
ica and settled in Virginia previous to the revolutionary war. He 
married Elizabeth Prior, daughter of David P. Prior and Mary 
Cunningham, of Buckingham county, Va. They had — William^ 
Mary A., Thomas D., Charles C, Elizabeth P., Creed T., Fields, 
and John. William C. married Kittura Kahale, and settled in 
Montgomery county, Mo., in 1832. Elizabeth C. married Presley 
T, Oaks, and settled in Warren county in 1832. Creed T. mar- 
ried Anna Taggart, and settled in Warren county in 1832. Fields 
married Frances L. Wood, and settled in Warren county in 1832. 
John was married first to Winney Giles, and after her death he 
married Matilda Shelton. He also settled in Warren county in 

Burgess. — Thomas Burgess, son of Reubf»i Burgess, of North 
Carolina, moved to Tennessee with his family in 1814, In 1830 he 
was drowned in the Cumberland river, and left a widow and eleven 
children, viz: Elizabeth, George W., Charles, Anderson, Marga- 
ret, Joel, Thomas, William, Polly, Hiram, and Nelly. Two of 
these, Anderson and Thomas, settled in Missouri. The latter was 
in Nathan Boone's company of rangers during the Indian war, 
and also served in the Black Hawk war. He subsequently re- 
moved to Arkansas. Anderson married Elizabeth Whiteason, 
daughter of William Whiteason and Ann Wiser, and settled in 
Warren county in 1831. Their children were — Malissa, Way man 
L., Celina, Polly A., Elizabeth, Sarah, Dudley H., Valentine, 
and Adolphus. 

Brown. — William Brown, of Tennessee, was married twice. By 
his first wife he had — Delila and William ; and by his second wife, 
whose maiden name was Katy Nave, he had — Gabriel, Levy, atid 
Joseph. Mr. Brown settled in Lincoln county. Mo., in 1817. 
His son William married Sally Hopkins, and settled in Warren 
county in 1820. Levi married Polly Odin, and Joseph married 
Polly Hopkins, and both settled in Warren county in 1820. 

Bird. — John Bird and his wife, Sarah Harvey, lived and died 
in Franklin county, Va. They had a son named Bartlett, wha 
married Jane Jameson*, by whom he had — Mary, Edward, Abner, 
Marshall, and Sally. Mary was married first to Henry Morris, 
who died in Virginia. She then married Richard Stegall, who 
settled in Warren county, Mo., afterward removed to Jackson 


county, and now resides in Texas. Edward died single, in Vir- 
ginia. Abner died in Nashville, Tennessee. Marshall married 
Mary J. Allen, and settled in Wa^rren county in 1834. His chil- 
dren are — Samuel, Sallie, Martha J., John B., Charles E., Char- 
lotte v., and Fannie. Sallie, daughter of Barllett Bird, married 
Edward Moorman, who settled in St. Charles county. Mo., in 

Carnefax. — William Carnefax, of England, settled in Camp- 
bell county, Va., and married Esther Maxey, by whom he had — 
Edward, John D., Charles, William, Benjamin, Nancy, Lucy, 
Rebecca, Mary, and Rhoda. John settled in Warren county in 
1832, and married Jane W. Leavell. 

CuLLUM. — Tilman Cullum, of Kentucky, came to Missouri at 
an early date, and settled on Loss creek, in what is now Warren 
county. His wife was a Miss McDurmid, of Kentucky, and they 
raised a large family of children. Mr. Cullum was a good busi- 
ness man, a large trader and money loaner, and accumulated a 
fortune during his life-time. He was one of the first County 
Judges of Warren county, but resigned the position to administer 
upon the estate of Daniel Shobe. 

Cravens. — Armon Cravens was born in Montgomery county, 
Maryland, but removed to Kentucky in 1776. He married Abi- 
gail Hathaway, of Maryland, and thej' had eighteen children, only 
nine of whom lived to be grown. Their son John was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, and married Elizabeth Burton, of Kentucky, by 
whom he had — James S., Paulina, Permelia, Hudson, William, 
Louisa, John, and Louisiana. Hudson married Virginia Walden, 
ofVirginia, and settled in Missouri in 183G. In 1852 he left Missouri 
and went to Texas, but was so disatisfied with the country that he 
did not unload his wagon. He came back to Missouri and was 
satisfied. While in Texas he experienced several "northers," 
and came near freezing to death. He asserted that his dog was 
frozen fast in the mud, and that he had to pile all his bed clothes 
on his horses to keep them from freezing. WiHiam Cravens settled 
in Montgomery county in 1843, and married Louisa Walden. 
James S. and John settled in the same county at a later date. 

Cain. — Jesse Cain settled on Charrette creek, in now Warren 
county, about 1812. He joined Nathan Boone's company of 
rangers, and served with them during the Indian war. He was 
an eccentric character, and generally managed to afford his asso- 
ciates a great deal of amusement. His children were— Polly, 
Sally,. Paulina, Vina, Jack, James, Jesse, Jr., Harvey, and Eli. 

Coil. — Jacob Coil settled on Loutre Island in 1817. He was 
born in Pendleton county, Virginia, in 1780, and died in 1845. 
He was married twice, and had nine children. His eldest son by 
his first wife, named Jacob, Jr., was married first to Sarah Gib- 


son and second to ]Mrs. Taylor, who was a daughter of Stephen 

Carter. — I thiel Carter, a native of Scotland, married an Eng- 
lish girl named Louisa Deming, emigrated to America, and settled 
at Hartford, Connecticut. During the i-e volution Mr. Carter en- 
listed in the American army, and fought for the rights of his 
adopted country. He had only two children, Cyrus and Orion. 
Cyrus came to St. Charles in 1822, as a clock peddler, and sold 
to Benjamin Emmons, Sr., the first pateat clock ever sold west of 
the Mississippi river, the price being $40. Mr. Carter was mar- 
ried first in 1838, to the widow Derang,^ whose maiden name was 
Harriet Moore. His second wife was the widow of Samuel W. 
WiUiams, whose maiden name was Martha Johnson, daughter of 
John Johnson and Mary M. Wooldbridge of Chesterfield county, 

Chambers. — John Chambers, of Ireland, settled in North Caro- 
lina, and married Mary Thompson, of Kentucky, by whom he had 
— John, Jr., William, Sarah, James, Thomas, Alexander, Nancy, 
and Jane. In 1798 Mr. Chambers came to Missouri and settled 
in St. Louis county, and in 1800 his wife died. After that he lived 
with his son Thomas, in St. Charles. Thomas married Eleanor 
Kennedy, and the names of their children were — Prospect, 
Riley, Sarah, Julia, Harriet, Davis H., Ellen, Rhoda, and Thomas, 
Jr. Thomas and Alexander Chambers were rangers together in 
Captain Musick's company, and were at the battle of the sink- 
hole in (now) Lincoln county. Alexander married the widow of 
Frank McDermid, who was killed at Callaway's defeat. Her 
maiden name was Ruth Costlio. James, son of John Chambers, 
Si*., was a tanner and lived in (now) Warren county. 

Clyce. — William Clyce, of Virginia, was .an early settler near 
Pinckriey, in Warren county. He married Nancy Hart, and they 
had — Milford, Elizabeth, and Preston. His first wife died, and 
he was married the second time to Polly Wyatt, by whom he had 
— Nancy, Frank, William, Gabriella, and Thomas. Milford mar- 
ried in Kentucky, to Priscilla Williams. Elizabeth married and 
settled in Linn county, Missouri. Preston and Frank died sin- 
gle, in Kentucky. Nancy married a Mr. Swasey, of Canada, 
who settled atPinckney, in Warren county, and opened a store. 
William married Christina Cheeseman, a German ladj'. Gabri- 
ella married Cunningham Parsons. Thomas married Rebecca 
Anderson, and lives in High Hill, Missouri. 

Callaway. — John B. Callaway was the eldest son of Flanders 
Callaway and Jemima Boone.* He was a fine scribe and an excel- 

*It is stated elsewhere that Capt. James Callaway was the eldest son, but it is » 
mistake, as we have learned since that portion of the book was printed. 


lent business man, and was Justice of the Peace and Judge of 
the County Court for many years. A large proportion of the old 
legal papers of St. Charles county have the name of John B. Cal- 
laway attached to them as Justice of the Peace. He had a mill 
and a distillery on Femme Osage creek, and the water for the 
distillery was carried some distance in troughs, made by hollow- 
ing out poles, which were kept free of mud by crawfish, 
placed in the troughs for that purpose. Mr. Callaway died in 
1825. His wife was Elizabeth Caton, and their children wne — 
Emaline, Verlenia, James, and Octavia. Emaline married Hay- 
den Boone, a son of Squire Boone, who was a nephew of Daniel 
Boone. Verlenia married John Bryan, a son of Henry Bryan. 
James married Mary McKinney, daughter of Alexander McKin- 
ney. They live in Mexico, Mo., where Mr. Callaway, who is a 
capitalist, is engaged in the banking business. Octavia married 
Schuyler Rice, who was from New England. 

Caton. — Jesse Caton, of Kentucky, settled near the present 
site of Marthasville, in Warren county, in 1811. He married 
a Miss Sparks, who was a sister of Henry Bryan's wife, and their 
children were — Noah, Jonas, Jesse, Jr., Elizabeth, Nancy, Jemima, 
Mahala, Rebecca, Fannie, and Ilester. Noah married a Miss 
McUermid. Jesse, Jr., married Missouri Lamme. Elizabeth 
married John B. Callaway, son of Flanders Callaway. Nancy 
married Adam Zumwalt. Jemima and Mahala married John Car- 
ter. Rebecca married a Mr. McCutchen. Fannie married Dan- 
iel Gillis. Hester married a man in Southwest Missouri, but 
we could not obtain his name. 

Davis. — Louis Davis, of England, came to America and settled 
in Virginia, prior to the revolution. He had one son, Louis, 
Jr., who married Agnes Walton, and they had nine children — 
Lourena, Mary, Saluda, Sally, Jincia, Edna, Louis, Thompson, 
and John K., all of whom married and lived and died in Virginia. 
Isaac T., the second son of John K. Davis, married Martha Lang- 
ford, and settled in Warren county in 1835. They had five chil- 

Ei.Lis. — Charles Ellis, of Virginia, married his cousin, Nancy 
Ellis, and they had — Tliomas, Polly, Stephen, Elizabeth, Nancy, 
Charles, Josepli, Martha, James M., and Susan. Mr. Ellis 
removed from Richmond, Va., to Shelby Co., Ky., in 1815. 
Stephen married Mary Young, of Kentucky, and settled in War- 
ren Co., Mo., in 1826. In 1847 he removed to St. Charles 
county, where he died. His children were — James, Charles, 
Nancy, Sarah C, Martha F., Mary H., and William T. Joseph 
Ellis was married twice ; first, to Nancy Netherton, by whom he 
had— Henry C, Mildred C, Charles M., Ann E., Lucy B., Pau- 
lina, Joseph, Stephen E., John G., William S., and Martha L. 
After the death of his first wife Mr. Ellis married the widow of 


Benjamin Pitts, whose maiden name was Susan R. Simms. Mar- 
tha Ellis married Thomas Moffltt, of Virginia, who settled in St. 
Charles Co., Mo., in 1830. Elizabeth married Edward R. Kelso, 
who settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1831. The most of their 
children moved to Texas. 

Fines. — Vincent Fines, of Germany, settled first in Pennsyl- 
vania, from whence he removed to Tennessee, where he was killed 
by the Indians. His children were — Thomas, William, Abra- 
ham, Isaac, Phoebe, and Sally. After the death of her husband,. 
Mrs. Fines married Rueben Bedford, by whom she had three 
children. Thomas married Mary Nave, of Tennessee, by whom 
he had — Levi, Abraham, Sally, Delila and Amy. Mr. Fines was 
killed by an accidental discharge of his gun, and in 1817 his 
widow and children came to Missouri. Abraham married Cynthia 
Harper, in 1819. The nearest Justice of the Peace was James- 
Duncan, of Lincoln county, who lived sixteen miles distant, and 
was too old to go so far to marry people. But he agreed to meet 
them half way. Accordingly on the day of the wedding they 
set out on foot, and walked to the designated place, where 
the 'Squire met them ind performed the ceremony,- and they 
walked back home the same day. Mrs. Fines still has the dres& 
that she wore on that memorable occasion. Mr. Fines was a very 
active man, and no one could beat him on a foot race. He was 
one of the first grand jurymen of Montgomery county. He say& 
that while out hunting one day, he came upon a den of rattle- 
snakes, whose heads were so thick where they stretched them- 
selves out of their den that they looked like corn stubbles in a 
field. He fired into them with his gun and then ran away with- 
out looking back to see what execution he had done. Levi Fines 
married Nancy Oden. Sally married Jacob Oden. Delila mar- 
ried Nicholas Shrumb. Amy married Joseph Shrumb. Phillip, 
a brother of Vincent Fines, settled in St. Louis county in 1800. 
He was a small man, and had a small wife and daughter. Their 
aggregate weight was two hundred and fifty pounds. 

FouRT. — Dr. Andrew Fourt was born in Marj'land in 1780. 
When he was fourteen years of age his parents removed to Ken- 
tucky, where, in 1807, he married Sarah Wyatt. In 1810 he 
came to Missouri with his wife and two children, on pack horses, 
arid settled near Charrette village in (now) Warren county. 
When the Indian war began he joined Capt. Callaway's company 
of rangers, and served twelve months. When Montgomery 
county was organized, Dr. Fourt was appointed one of the com- 
missioners to locate the county seat, and Pinckney, near the 
Missouri river, was chosen as the place. The Doctor 
subsequently located there, and opened the first hotel in 
the place, which he kept three years, and then removed to the 
head of Pinckney Bottom, where he lived until his death, which 


occurred on the 27th day of November, 1852. He had eight 
children — Emsley, John T,, Peter W., Puliyan M., Elizabeth, 
Martha S., Sarah J., and Louisa. Six of the children married 
and raised famihes. 

Griswold. — Harvey and Fredericlc Griswold, of Connecticut, 
were cousins. They emigrated to the West, and settled in (now) 
Warren county, Mo., at a very early date. Frederick married 
Rebecca Shobe, and opened the first store in Pinckney. They 
had no children. Harvey came to Missouri when he was only 
about sixteen years of age, and walked from St. Louis to Pinck- 
ney, carrying his wardrobe and all the property he possessed tied 
up in a cotton handkerchief. His cousin Frederick at first hired 
him to clerk in his store, but afterward bought a store at Mar- 
thasviile, and sent him there to take charge of it. He subse- 
quently purchased the store on his own account, and followed the 
mercantile business for many years, acquiring a comfortable 
fortune before his death. He married Mahala Shobe, a sister of 
Frederick Griswold's wife, and they had sixteen children, only 
six of whom lived to be grown, viz: Rebecca, William, Syl- 
vanus. Prudence, Angeline, and Frederick. Mr. Griswoldowned 
the land on which the graves of Daniel Boone arid his wife were 
situated, and he bitterly opposed the removal of the remains, but 
in vain. It was his intention to erect a monument over the 
graves, and otherwise beautify the last resting place of the old 
pioneer and his wife. 

GiLKEY. — John Gilkey, of Ireland, married Jemima Pattenger, 
of Virginia, by whom he had — Allen, John, David, Elizabeth, 
Samuel, Barbara, William, and Thomas. David married Sally A. 
Murdock, by whom he had — Erasmus D., John G., William L., 
Sarah P>., James P., and Ellen W. Mr. Gilkey settled in War- 
ren county in 1824, and his wife died in 1830 He afterward 
married Polly Wyatt, when he was seventy-five years old. Will- 
iam L. Gilkey married Elizabeth Liles. Sarah E. married James 
Bowen. Jemima P. married William C. Gilkey, her cousin. 
Ellen W. married Samuel Kennedy. 

Graves. — Thomas Graves, of Culpepper county, Va., was a 
soldier and Quartermaster in the revolutionary war. He married 
the widow Simms, by whom he had — Thomas N., P^lizabeth, 
Nancy, Lucy, and Waller. Thomas married Mary Mason, of 
Virginia, and in 1806 he removed, with his father and sisters 
Elizabeth and Nancy, to Barbour county, Ky., from whence, in 
1820, they 'came to Warren county, Mo. The names of Thomas" 
children were — James B., William M., Candice A., Henry B., 
and Lucy M. Mr. Graves was Judge of the County Court of both 
Montgomery and Warren counties. James B., his eldest son, 
moved to Oregon. William M. disappeared in a mysterious 


manner while in New Orleans, Louisiana. Candice married 
Usurdus Brainbridge, of St. Charles county. Henry B. married 
Lucinda Howell, and lives in California. Lucy M. married 
Woodson A. Burton, who settled in Warren county in 1830. 
Warren, the brother of Thomas Graves, settled in Warren county 
in 1826. His children, whose names were John, Henry, Mary, 
and Ann, remained in Virginia. 

Gibson. — Archibald Gibson, of Ireland, emigrated to America 
and settled in Virginia. He had a son named Joseph, who 
served in the war of 1812. Joseph married Susan Hudson, and 
settled in Lincoln county. Mo., in 1818. His children were — 
Mary, Elizabeth, Archibald, Nancy, John, William, Patsy, Susan, 
Lucinda, and Malinda. Mr. Gibson was married the second time 
to the widow Caflter, whose maiden name was Matilda Wright. By 
her he had Rufus, Mary, Waller, Matilda, Martha, Richard, 
Emma, and Thomas J. Mr. Gibson died in Lincoln county 
in his 87th j^ear. Archibald, Elizabeth, and John married and 
settled in Warren county. John married Sarah A. Wright. He 
was at a camp-meeting, once, where a woman near him took 
the jerks, and fell into his arms. Never having seen 
anything of the kind before, he was astonished and bewil- 
dered, and called out at the top of his voice, "Here, Mr. 
Preacher, your attention, please. Hei'e's a woman with a m!" 
But the "fit" soon left her, and he was relieved. Lucinda 
Gibson married Felix Kountz, and settled in St. Charles county. 
Martha married Mr. Patton, of Warren county. Malinda married 
Mr. Spencer, and settled in St. Charles county. 

Gibson. — Guion Gibson came from Duck River, Tennessee, and 
settled in (now) Warren county in 1810. His children were — 
Sarah, Rachel, Ellen, Samuel, Joseph, John, Polly, Guion, Jr., 
and James. Sarah married Thomas Kennedy. Rachel married. 
Lawrence Sitter. Ellen married Phillip Sitter. Samuel married 
Tabitha Kennedy. Joseph married Elizabeth Armstrong. John 
married Polly Sitter. Polly Gibson married John Shrumb. 
Guion, Jr., married Saloma Sitter. James married Diana Sitter. 
James, John, and Guion, Jr., were rangers in Callaway's com- 

Gray. — When Robert Gray was a small boy he lost his father, 
■while they were moving from North Carolina to Tennessee. He 
had four sisters — Polly, Dorcas, Elizabeth, and Jane. After the 
death of his father, his mother proceeded on her way to Tennes- 
see, with her children ; and they remained in that State until 1809, 
when they came to (now) Warren county. Mo. During the 
Indian war they lived the greater portion of the time in 
Castlio's Fort, in St. Charles county. Polly Gray married Rueben 
Thornhill, Dorcas Barney Thornhill, and Jane Bryant Thorn- 



hill, all of whom were early settlers of Warren county. 
Elizabeth married Job Stark, who was also an early settler of 
Warren county. Robert married Elizabeth Liles, by whom he 
had — James, Milton, Henry, Elizabeth, and Jane, only a part of 
whom lived to be grown. 

Hughes. — James Hughes, of Ireland, settled in Pennsylvania. 
His son James manned and settled in Sullivan county, Tennessee. 
By his first wife he had but one child, a son named Alexander ; 
and by his second wife a daughter, named Gertrude, who married 
James M. Owings. Mr. Hughes built a keel-boat, in which he 
conveyed his family and property to Missouri, coming down the 
Holsten, Tennessee and Ohio rivers, and up the Mississippi and 

Howard. — Cornelius Howard, of Kentucky, was married first 
to a Miss Griggs, by whom he had — Rachel, Cynthia, Elizabeth, 
Martin, John, and two others whose names we could not obtain. 
He was married the second time to the widow Hunt, but had no 
children by her. She had eight children of her own at the time 
he married her. One of the Misses Howard was a very beautiful 
girl, and one day she handed some water to a stranger who 
called at the gate and begged for a drink. The stranger fell des- 
perately in love with this beautiful Rebecca, and married her two 
days afterward. In .1816 Mr. Howard settled on Brush Creek, 
in Warren county, and lived there two years. He cleared a field 
and raised two crops of corn, but now the field is covered with 
large oak trees, and the Brush Creek Presbyterian Church stand* 
about the center of it. In 1818 he moved and settled on South 
Bear creek, wher he died many years afterward. 

Hays. — Jeremiah Hays, of Ireland, married Jane Moore, of 
Scotland, and came to America and settled in Bourbon county, 
Kentucky, where they had — Mary, Delila, Nancy, Joanna, Ab- 
salom, Jane, Thomas, Joseph, and Mahala. Mr. Hays, with his 
wife and two daughters, Jane and Mahala, started to Montgomery 
county. Mo., but when they reached St. Louis he died. His 
widow and children settled near Marthasville. Jane married 
Oliver McCleur, of Pennsylvania, who was a blacksmith, and 
settled in Warren county. Mahala marled John Ward, of Ken- 
tucky, who was a hatter, and also settled in Warren county. 
Absalom and Joseph Ha3'^s came to Missouri with Dr. John Young, 
in 1816. Joseph married Kate Mahoney, and settled in Mont- 
gomery county. Absalom was the second Sheriff of Montgomery 
county, and after the organization of Warren, he was elected 
the first Sheriff of that county, which office he held alter- 
nately until 1845. He married Anna Skinner, of Montgomery 
county, by whom he had — Jeremiah, Susan, John A., Jane, and 
Mary C. The year after Mr. Hays' marriage he had to attend 


court at Lewiston, and took his wife and little child with him to 
her father's, who lived on Camp Branch, to remain while he was 
at court. But the session lasted longer than he expected, and 
his wife, impatient to be at home, persuaded her father to go with 
her. Thejournej' was too long for one day, and they stopped 
over night at the house of Mr. John Wyatt. During the evening 
Mrs. Wyatt put on her spectacles, and after scrutinizing Mrs. 
Hays and her child very closely for some time, she turned to Mr. 
Skinner and said she was ' ' monstrous ' ' glad that was not his 
wife and child, for " of all things she did despise upon this earth 
was an old man with a young wife and child; for," she added, 
" it is the most bominubler thing in the world." Mr.. Hays was 
lame from his birth, and sometime before his death he was thrown 
from a horse and received an injury from which he never entirely 
recovered. After the death of her husband, Mrs. Hays continued 
to live on the farm near Martliasville, until the late war, when she 
was broken up, and has since lived with her children. She now 
resides in Jonesburg, Montgomery county, with her daughter 
Jane, and still enjoys good health for a person so advanced in 

Hancock. — William Hancock was a pioneer of both Kentucky 
and Missouri. In the former State he helped to fight the Indians 
and guard the forts, and experienced the dangers and priva- 
tions of those times. He came to Missouri among the first Amer- 
icans who sought homes here, and was the first settler on the 
Missouri river bottom, in Warren county, which has since borne 
his name. He was married in St. Charles county to a Miss Mc- 
Clain, by whom he had three children, two daughters and a son 
named William, Jr. The latter died at home, unmarried. One 
of the daughters, named Mary, married Cupt. Hamilton, and they 
now live on the old homestead. Capt. Hamilton served with 
distinction in the war with Mexico. The other daughter married 
Dr. George Y. Bast, of New Florence, Mo. Mr. Hancock was a 
jovial man, and fond of practical jokes. He and Anthony 
AV3'att and Jacob Darst once took a flat-boat loaded with pork 
and peltries to Natchez, Miss., and while there they concocted a 
plan to show Darst — who was a devil-may-care sort of a man — 
as a wild man of the forest. Accordingly they rigged him out in 
an appropriate costume, and exhibited him with great succes, the 
room being crowded with visitors during the entire exhibition. 
Darst enjoyed the joke equally as well as his two companions, 
and they all reaped a substantial reward for their pains. 
Hancock and John Wyatt ran for the Legislature once, and the 
vote was a tie. They tried it over, and tied again, when Hancock 
withdrew and let Wyatt have the office. 

Hopkins. — WiUiam Hopkins, of South Carolina, removed to 
Kentucky, where he married Jane Stone, and in 1810 he came to 


Missouri, and lived for some time in Captain James Callaway's 
house. In the spring of 1819 he settled in (now) Warren county. 
His children were — Cynt'uia, Isaac, Walker, Polly, Sally, Thomas, 
Jane, Matilda, Lucy, Anna, Benjamin, John, and Susan. Isaac 
marrietl Elizabeth Brown. Walker married Nancy Gibson, by 
whom he had twenty children. He was married a second time to 
Jane Beck, a daughter of one of the first settlers of Warren 
county. Thomas married Lydia Beck. Jane married Joseph 
Hatfield. Matilda married James Stark. Lucy married John 
Zumwalt. John married Sally Cops. Susan married John 
Corker. Anna and Benjamin died of measles 

Hart. — Capt. Hart was a native of the State of New Jersey, 
where, during the French and Indian war, previous to the Ameri- 
■ean revolution, he raised a company of men and was commis- 
sioned Captain. He was with General Wolf's army at the battle 
of Quebec, in Canada, in 1759, where that gallant young general 
fell. Capt. Hart's company behaved with great gallantry on that 
occasion, and the men, who were dressed in blue uniforms, were 
afterward known as the " Jersey Blues." Honest John Hart, as 
he was called, was a son of Capt. Hart, and one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. Nathaniel, the fourth son of 
Honest John Hart, settled in Mason county, Ky., in 1795. His 
son, also named Nathaniel, was born May 5, 1794, and came to 
Missouri in 1819. He settled first in St.' Charles county, where 
he remained one year, and then, in 1820, removed to Warren 
county, and settled near Pinckney ; where, on March 6th, 1823, 
he was married to Unity L. Marshall, daughter of John Marshall, 
of Montgomery county, Ky., who was one of the first settlers of 
AVarren county. Mr. Hart is now living in Boone county, in his 
8M j'ear. He had several children, but they all died in infancy, 
except two sons, Joseph E. and Alfred H., who also live in 
Boone county. He has in his possession a cane that belonged to 
his grandfather. Honest John Hart. 

Hughes. — John Hughes, of England, came to America and 
settled in Virginia, where he married and raised three children — 
John, Jr., Nancy, and Mary A. John married in Virginia, and 
had seven children. One of his sons, named Andrew, married 
Elizabeth Thompson, by whom he had — Sarah, Thomas S. T., 
Reason, Elizabeth, Louisa, Harriet, Waddy, Susan, Joseph, and 
George. Thomas S. T.. came to the City of St. Louis in 1830, 
where he was married, first to Rebecca Downs, and second to 
Rebecca Wells. Andrew Huglies settled in St. diaries county 
in 1839, and his daughter, Reason, married Samuel Abington. 
Elizabeth married John Williams, of Warren county. Louisa 
married Thomas Royston, who died in North Carolina. Harriet 
married Sidney Woods, of St. Charles county. Susan married St. 
James Matthews, of St. Charles countv, and after his death she 


married Archibald Caruthers. Waddy died single. Joseph 
married Sarah Carycoe, and settled in Warren county. George 
settled in Colorado. 

Howard. — David Howard, of Mount Sterling, Ky., married 
first to Margaret Fourt, and settled on Charrette creek, in Warren 
countj% 1819. His children were — James, Peter, Thomas, Polly, 
John, and Jackson. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Howard 
married the widow McCutchen, whose maiden name was Rebecca 
Caton. By her he had Elizabeth, George, and Naoma. Mr. 
Howard was a great hunter and sugar maker, and made the best 
maple sugar in the country. He was also a zealous Methodist, 
and his name is prominetly identified with the early history of 
that church in his county. His son, John Howard, is at present 
Sheriff and Collector of Warren county. 

Irvine. — Jared Irvine was one of the early settlers of Warren 
county. He married Mary Peebles, and they had — Eliza J., 
Louisa, and John. Mr. Irvine served as a soldier in the war of 
1812, when he was only sixteen yeai's of age. He was captured 
in one of the battles and taken to Canada, and after his exchange 
he walked from Canada to his home in Kentucky. He was a 
member of the first grand jury of Warren county, and was a 
leading and influential citizen. 

James. — Benjamin James married Nancy. Fourt, of Kentucky, 
and settled in (now) Warren county in 1811. He joined the 
rangers during the Indian war, and saw some active service. His 
children were — William, John, Walter, and Peter. John fell from 
a mill dam on Charrette creek, and was drowned. Peter lived in 
St. Louis county, and never married. Walter married Sally 
Wyatt, and they had — Frank, Mary A., WilUam J., John, Eliza- 
beth, Walter R., Joseph, and Lycurgus. 

Jones. — Henry Jones, of Wales, emigrated to America, and 
settled in Henry county, Va., where he married and had the fol- 
lowing children — Fielding, Joseph, Lewis, Peter, Willis, Delila, 
and Elizabeth. Lewis married Fannie Lamb, of North Carolina, 
and settled in Missouri in 1837. His children were — Henry, Zero, 
Joseph, George, Elizabeth, Willis Malinda, Lewis, Delila, and 
Fielding, all of whom married and settled in Missouri. Willis is^ 
a Baptist preacher, and married Margaret C. Burson, of Virginia, 
whose father was also a Baptist preacher. 

Jones. — Giles Jones was an Englishman, but came to America 
and served as a soldier in the revolutionary war. His son John 
came to Missouri in 1817, and studied medicine under Dr. Young. 
Dr. Jones married Minerva Callaway, daughter of Flanders Calla- 
way, and granddaughter of Daniel Boone, and settled near Mar- 
thasville. They had the following children — James, Caroline, 
Emily, Daniel, John S., Ellen, Paul, Samuel, George, and Anna. 


The Doctor became celebrated as a physician, and had an ex- 
tensive practice. He was also very fond of hunting, and had a 
horse named Nick, that he generally rode on his hunting expedi- 
tions. Sometimes, just as he would be in the act of firing at a 
deer or some other game, Nick would move and cause him to 
miss his aim. The horse did this one day just as he was drawing 
a bead on a fine buck, and the buck escaped unhurt, which so 
enraged the Doctor that he determined to give him a whipping. 
So he alighted and cut a keen switch, and placed the bridle 
under his feet to keep old Nick from running away while he 
whipped him ; but the horse jerked his head up at the first cut of 
the switch,, threw the Doctor on the back of his head, and nearly 
killed him. After that, when he tried to whip old Nick, he held the 
bridle in his hand. Dr. Jones took a prominent part in ferreting 
out the counterfeiters and horse thieves with which the country 
was infested from about 1835 to 1844, when the "Slicker" or- 
ganization put a stop to their rascally practices. By so doing he 
incurred the enmity of the gang, and the 22d of January, 1842, he 
was shot and killed in his own yard, by an assassin who was con- 
cealed in the woods near the house. The whole country was 
thrown into a state of excitement by this murder, and the repeated 
outrages which led to it, and companies of regulators and patrols 
were organized in every community. But notwithstanding the 
most delight and thorough search was made for the murderer, no 
trace of him could ever be found. Several suspected parties were 
arrested and tried, but they generally had but little difficulty in 
proving their innocence. 

Kabler. — Rev. Nicholas C. Kabler, of Campbell Co., Va,, was 
a son of Rev. Nicholas Kabler, of the same county. He married 
Sarah Goldon, of Virginia, and settled in Warren Co., Mo., in 
1830. He was a Methodist minister, and traveled with Rev. An- 
drew Monroe for a number of years. His children were — Ellen, 
Simeon, William A., Lucy, Anna, Parks, and Charles. Ellen 
married William MeMurtry, of Callaway county. Simeon and 
Lucy died in Virginia. William A. married Lucy J. Pendleton, 
of Warren county, whose father and mother, James Pendleton 
and Nancy Sharp, settled in that county in 1833. Her brothers 
and sisters were — Robert, Frances, Patrick, Elizabeth, James L. , 
and Caroline. Anna Kabler married Marcellus C. Poindexter, 
of St. Louis. Charles lives in California, unmarried. 

Kennedy. — John Kennedy and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Margaret Rowan, of Ireland, came to America and set- 
tled in Virginia many years before the revolution. They had 
eight children — John, James, William, Thomas, George, Abra- 
ham, Margaret, and Jane. John was killed by the Indians while 
assisting to cut a road from Knoxville to Nashville, Tennessee. 
James settled in South Carolina, where he died. William was 


captured by the British, while serving in the continental army, 
and died on board one of their prison ships. George and Mar- 
garet were lulled by the Indians, where Nashville, Tenn., now 
stands. Their mother died shortly after, and was the first white 
woman who died a natural death in the State of Tennessee. 
Abraham emigrated to Missouri in 1808, and joined Nathan 
Boone's company of rangers in 1812. He removed to Texas in 
1834, where he died. His wife's maiden name was Rhoda Car- 
tleman, of South Carolina. Thomas was in the 5th regiment of 
Virginia volunteers during the revolutionary war, and was at the 
massacre of Beaver Creek, South Carolina. After that he served 
as a scout in Capt. Murphy Barnett's company, until the close of 
the war. He then went to Tennessee, but remained only a short 
time, when he returned to South Carolina, and married his second 
wife, whose name was Sarah Gibson. In 1807 he came to St. 
Charles Co., Mo., where he remained until the commencement of 
the Indian war, when he removed to near the present town of 
Wright City, and built a fort there. His children were — James, 
Gayem, Abraham, Pleasant, Royal, Ellen, Tabitha, Rhoda, Sarah, 
Ann, Dinah S., Narcissa, and Amanda. James was a ranger in 
Capt. Callaway's company, and was present when he was killed. 
He married Sally Lyle. Gayem married Elizabeth Sitten. Abra- 
ham married Sally Rice. Pleasant married Harriet Sullivan. Royal 
was married twice ; first to Caroline McKezell, and second to 
Margaret E. Huntchinson. He has long been a prominent citizen 
of Warren county, having served as County Judge for several 
terms, and in 1860 he was elected a member of the Legislature. 
— Ellen Kennedy married Thomas Chambers. Tabitha married 
Samuel Gibson. Rhoda married Allen Jamison Sarah was 
married first to Thomas Livingston, and second to William Per- 
kins. Ann married Benjamin F. Ruggles. Dinah S. married 
Isaac Kent. Amanda married Levi TilsOn. 

Kite. — Martin Kite, of Virginia, was of German descent. He 
married a Miss Cheeley, of Virginia, by whom he had George 
and Kitty, and several other children whose names we could not 
obtain. G«orge and Kitty both live in Warren county. Mr. 
Kite settled in that ccunty in 1835, and built a mill on Charrette 
creek. The lumber from which most of the flat-boats of that 
period were built, was sawed at Kite's mill. 

Ketcheusides. — A man named Ketchersides, a cooper by trade, 
came from Tennessee at a very early date, and settled on Mas- 
se3''s Creek in (now) Warren county. He remained only one 
year, when he sold out and returned to Tennessee.. In about 
another year he made his appearance in Missouri again, but re- 
mained only a short time, when he went back to his old State. 
He continued in this way until his death, remaining in one ' State 


only so long as it was necessary to get money enough to take 
him back to the other. 

Kent. — Isaac Kent, of Kentucky, lost his parents when he was 
quite young, and was "bound out" to be raised. When he 
was of age he married Lucy Hopkins, and they had — John, Will- 
iam, Jane, Andrew, Robert, Elizabeth, Polly, Thomas, Isaac, 
Dozier, Louisa, and Lucinda. Mr. Kent came to Missouri and 
settled in Warren county in 1819. His son John married Catha- 
rine Zumwalt. William married Mary A. Zumwalt, and was 
killed by Waller Graves, who was insane, at the house of Newton 
Howell, on the 2d of October, 1830. Andrew Kent enlisted as a 
soldier in the Mexican war, and was burned to death in one of 
the forts captured by the Americans. Robert, Elizabeth, Isaac, 
Polly, and Thomas all moved to Oregon. John Kent was a ran- 
ger in Callaway's company. 

Leeper. — Thomas Leeper was born in Jefferson Co., Va., and 
came to Missouri in 1821, with John Rej'^nolds, when he was only 
eight vears of age. He married his first wife, whose name was 
Elizabeth Edwards, in 1838, and they had three children. After 
her death he married Ruth A. Griggs. 

Long. — Lawrence Long, of Culpepper Co., Va., settled in St. 
Louis Co., Mo., in 1797, and built a saw and grist mill. His 
children were — Gabriel, John, William, James, Nicholas, Nancy, 
Sally, and Elizabeth. John married Rachel Zumwalt, by whom 
he had — Lawrence and Andrew J. He died soon after, and in 
1823 his widow and her two sons removed to Warren county, 
where she married Newton Howell. Lawrence married Malinda 
Hutchings, of St. Charles county. Andrew J. married Mary W. 
Preston of St. Charles county. 

Langfokd. — Parrish Langford married Sally Lawrence, of North 
Carolina, and they settled first in Virginia, from whence tliey re- 
moved to Smith Co., Tenn. They had five children — William, 
Arthur, Jesse, Henry, and Moses. William, who was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, married Sally King, of South Carohna, and 
settled in Warren county in 1818. Their children were — Eliza- 
beth, Polly, Nancy, Sally A., Delila, Lawrence, Arthur, Joshua, 
Jesse, Richard W., John, William, and Henry. Nancy and 
Delila married and settled in Pike Co., Mo. Lawrence, Henry, 
Jesse, William, and Arthur married and settled in Warren county. 
Joshua settled in Lawrence Co., Mo. Lawrence married Polly 
McCann, a daughter of Neal McCann, who was an early settler 
•of Warren county. 

Lamme. — William T. and James Lamnie were sons of Robert 
Lamme, of Bourbon Co., Ky. William T. settled in (now) 
AVarren Co., Mo., in 1803. He was 1st Lieutenant in Nathan 
Boone's company of rangers, and was afterward Major of a rcgi- 


ment. He married Frances Callawa}'^, daughter of Flanders 
Callaway, and granddaughter of Daniel Boone, by whom he had 
ten children — Serena, Zarina, Ilulda, Cornelia, Missouri, Jose- 
phine, Jackson, Leonidas, Achiles, and. Napoleon B. Mr. Lamme 
had a good education, was a fine business man, and left his family 
in good circumstances at his death. Zarina Lamme married 
Willis Bryan, a son of David Brj'an, who was the first settler 
within the present limits of Warren county. Hulda married John 
Bryan, called "Long Jack," on account of his extraordinary 
height, who was also a son of David Bryan. Missouri married 
Jesse Caton. Josephine married Campbell Marshall. All of the 
above are dead except Ilulda, who lives with her son, John C, 
who is Recorder of Franklin county, and a pominent and influ- 
ential citizen. Achiles Lamme lives in Montana, where he 
carries on an extensive mercantile business. Napoleon B. lives 
in California. Serena married Lewis Howell. 

LiLEs. — Hugh Liles and his wife and children, whose names 
were — Robert, Polly, William, James, Elizabeth, Sally, and Ann 
— settled in (now) Warren county in the year 1809. Robert, the 
eldest son, married Polly Walker, and settled in Audrain county, 
Mo. Polly married Joshua James, and settled in Warren count3\ 
Sally married James Kennedy. Ann married a German. Hugh 
Liles was a great hunter, and belonged to the rangers. 

Martin. — James Martin, of Campbell county, Va., married 
CaroUne Burton, by whom he had — William, Elizabeth, Oliver 
W., Frances A., Edward M., Caroline W., Cynthia P., Sarah, 
and Thomas J. Mr. Martin settled in Warren county in 1830. 
William and P]lizabeth remained in Virginia. Caroline W. married 
Garret Pratt, and lives in Warren county. Cynthia P. married 
William H. H. Simpson, of St. Charles county. Sarah married 
Charles A. Womack, of Lincoln county. 

McKiNXEY. — John McKinney, of Staunton, Virginia, served in 
the American army during the latter part of the revolution, and 
had his thigh broken by a musket ball, which lamed him for life. 
He settled at Lexington, Kentucky, where he taught school, and 
was elected Sheriff of the county. He married a Mexican 
woman, by whom he raised a large family. In 1805 he came to 
Missouri on a trading and prospecting tour, and in 1809 he 
moved his family here. When the Indian war began, he took his 
family back to Kentucky, to get them out of danger. His son 
Alexander remained, married Nancy Bryan, who was only six- 
teen years of age, and settled near Charrette creek, in (now) 
Warren county. He was a surveyor and a fine business man, and 
accumulated a fortune before his death. He also served in the 
State Legislature during several sessions. His sister Elizabeth 
married John King, who settled near Marthasville. John McKin- 


ney traveled back and forth between Kentucky and Missouri as 
long as he lived, trading in land and land warrants. 

Morgan. — Mordecai Morgan, of .Shelby county, Kentuck}', 
married Catharine Turner, and settled in (now) Warren county, 
Missouri, in 1814. He was a noted pioneer of that county, and 
the first County Court was held in his house. His chil- 
dren were Malinda, Hiram, Rachel, Maranda, Matilda, Missouri, 
Martha, and Minerva. Malinda married James Bryan, a son of 
David Bryan. Hiram was a ranger in Nathan Boone's company. 
He died of cholera, at Rock Island, in 1832. Rachel married 
Samuel Dougherty, of Warren county. Maranda married 
Louisa Harper, of Lincoln county. Matilda married Levi Hinds, 
of Tennessee, who settled in Warren county. Missouri 
•died single. Martha married William Harper, who is at 
present a banker in Mexico, Missouri. Minerva married Edward 
Pleasants, of Virginia, who settled in Warren county, Missouri, 
in 1830. 

NoRTHCUT. — John Northcut, of Kentucky, married Jane Trim- 
ble, and settled on Cha'rrette creek in 1820. He was an ardent 
Methodist, and used to exhort and preach in a style peculiar to 
himself. He had three daughters, and was very much opposed 
to their getting married. He was not willing for them to learn 
to write, lest they should send letters to their sweethearts ; 
but they all contrived to get married in spite of his precautions. 
The names of his children were — Elizabeth, George, John, Polly, 
Joseph E., Stemmons, and Elizabeth married Mr. Keithey, 
of St. Charles county. George married Kitty Welch, and raised 
a large family before his death. John married Kitty Kite, of 
Warren county. Polly married Nathan Keithley, and lives in 
Lynn county, Missouri. Joseph E. married Miss Welch, daugh- 
ter of John Welch, of Warren county. Stemmons married a 
daughter of Henry Welch, of the same county. Jane married 
James Welch. 

OwiNGS. — George Owings, of Maryland, married a Miss Wells, 
by whom he had twelve children. He was married the second 
time, and had twelve children moi*e. Two of his sons, John and 
Thomas, by his first wife, came to Missouri in 1816, and settled in 
Warren county. Thomas married Mary O'Brien, and moved to 
Illinois. John was in the war of 1812. He married Hattie Mc- 
Garvey, by whom he had fifteen children — James M., Richard, 
George W., David R., Joseph E., John B., Thomas, William H., 
Weslej', Rachel, Nancy, Julia, Maria, Eliza J., and Emily. All 
the children lived to be grown, and all married except Wesley 
and Rachel. Mr. Owings was a devout Methodist, and built a 
church near his house, wliich he called Ebenezer. He came to 
IMissouri in a cart, drawn by two horses, one before the other. 
He kept this cart for many years, and used it on his farm. 


Pratt. — Thomas Pratt, of Culpepper county, Virginia, married 
a Miss Smith, by whom he had Thomas B., Elizabeth, and Ann. 
His first wife died, and he was married the second time to Mar- 
tha Terrell, by whom he had — Jonathan, Milton W., Lucinda,^ 
Mary, and Martha. Mr. Pratt settled in Warren county in 1831, 
with all of his children except Thomas B. , and most of them now 
reside in that county. 

Pringle. — Norman Pringle, of Connecticut, settled in "Warren 
county in 1819. He was a very intelligent man, and was fre- 
quently solicited to run for office, but always refused, because he 
had so great a dislike for politics. He married Sally Kellogg, by 
whom he had nine children — Jane, Judith, Helen, Harriet, 
Huldah R., Virgil, Mark, Norman O., and Charles W. All of 
the children except Mark (who died a bachelor) married, and 
most of them live in Warren county. 

Preston. — John Preston was left an orphan when very young, 
but at eight years of age he was adopted by an old gentleman 
and his wife, who were very kind to him. They took him to 
Rock Castle Co., Ky., and educated him, as though he had been 
their own son. When he was of age he married Jane Day, and 
came to St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1820. They had eleven chil- 
dren, only of whom lived to be grown. Their names were — 
Frank L., Mary W., Caroline V., Liberty M., and Fanny H. 
Mr. Preston and his wife were the first members of the Old Bap- 
tist Church at Warrenton 

Price. — Lemuel Price, of North Carolina, settled on the 
Boone's Lick road, near Camp Branch, in (now) W arren count}^ 
in 1815. He came to Missouri the j-ear previous, but as the 
Indians were very troublesome at that time, he remained in one 
of the forts until, the following year, when he erected his cabin at 
the place mentioned above. It was the first habitation erected 
on Camp Branch. Isaac VanBibber, Patrick Ewing, Boone Hays, 
and Lewis Jones assisted in raising the .cabin. Mr. Price had 
eight children — James, Lamb W., Parthena, Margaret, Miles, 
Job, Caroline, and. Alfonso. James married and moved to Texas. 
Parthena married John Thurman. Margaret married Joseph 
Thurmau. Miles faaarried the widow of John Skinner. Job mar- 
ried a Miss Bryan. Caroline married a man named Williams. 
Alfonso manied Sarah Gammon, and they had — Lamb, Benjamin 
Elizabeth, Lucinda, John, Timothy, Virginia, Alfonso, and Anna; 

• Sherman.— ^David Sherman, who was a millwright by trade, 
settled in Warren county in 1819. His wife's maiden name was 
Margaret Root, and their children were — David, William, Lucin- 
da, Ira, Frank, Mary A., Charles, Electa M., and George AV 
All these, except David, married and settled in Missouri. 


Simpson. — James Simpson was the owner of Simpson's Ferry 
on the Kentucky river. He had a son named Erasmus, who mar- 
ried Mary Bartlett, of Virginia, and they had — Fortes B., Eliza- 
beth, Tliomas, James W., Martha, William H. H., John L., Mar}-, 
Julia, and Jeptha D. Fortes B. settled in Warren county in 
1828. P^lizabeth married William B. King, and they settled in 
St. Charles county in 1830. Martha married Sidney S. Wood, 
who settled in St. Chax'les county in 1835. Julia married Joseph 
I. Carter, and settled in St. Charles county in 183G. 

Tick. — John Tice, a German, and an uncle of the celebrated 
Prof. Tice, of St. Louis, settled in Warren county about 1809, 
and was the first settler on Pinckney Bottom. When the over- 
flow of 1824 came he refused to leave his house, but moved his 
family upstairs and waited patiently for the water to subside. 
But in order to be prepared for escape in case of an emergency, 
he tied two meat trouglis together to be used as a canoe. Some 
of his neighbors who had fled to the Jiills, became alarmed at the 
absence of Tice and his family, and went to their house on a raft, 
to see what had become of them. They found them safe, but 
unwilling to abandon their home ; so they left them. Fortunately 
the water did not sweep the house awa}'^ or reach the second story,, 
and they remained in safety until the riyer receded into its banks. 
When Mr. Tice first settled on Pinckney Bottom, the country was 
infested by hostile Indians, and they had to be always on the 
lookout for them. One day Tice went into the woods near the 
river, for some purpose, and came close upon a white man who 
was making an ax helve, without perceiving him. The man, 
thinking he would have a little fun, rapped upon the ax helve 
with the blade of his knife, making it sound like the snapping of 
a gun, which frightened Tice so badly that he sprang into the 
river and swam to the other side. The names of Mr. Tice's 
children were — John, Joseph, Mary, and Sally. Tlic latter was 
a splendid ball player, and played with tiie •)oys at school, who 
always chose her first, because she could beat any of them. 

Wyatt. — Frank Wyatt was a native of North Carolina, but 
settled and Uved in Montgomery Co., Ky. Ha came to ^Missouri 
five times to look at the country, but could never make up his 
mind to m,ove here. He had four sons — John, Anthony, Doug- 
lass, and Joseph. John was a Captain in the war of 1812. He 
settled in Missouri in 1817, and married Attossa Sharp, by whom 
be had seven children — John, Jr., Sarah, Harriet, Catharine, 
Margaret, Lucy, and Mary. Anthony came to Missouri in 181G. 
He married Mary Smith, daughter of Henry Smith and Nancy 
Davis (who were natives of Wales), and by her he had — Henry 
S., James W., Joseph, Martha A., Nancy J., and Frank. Doug- 
lass Wyatt settled in Missouri in 1817. He married Elizabeth 
See, of Montgomery county, and they had — Hayden, Amanda, 


Emily, Frank, Dougbiss, Jr., Joseph and Mary. Joseph Wyatt, 
son of Frank, Sr., died a bachelor, in Franklin Co., Mo. (Chil- 
dren of Anthony Wyatt.) Henry S. married Sarah Hopping. 
James W. married Mai'tha A. Pearle. Joseph married Susan 
Griswold. Martha A. married Thomas J. Marshall, of Mexico, 
Mo., who was County Clerk of Warren county for eighteen years. 
Nancy J. married John Jones, of Mexico, Mo. Frank was mar- 
ried twice ; first to Eliza A. Jones, and after her death, to Maria 
Farsdalc. Mr. Wyatt built a ferry boat for Thomas Howell, who 
paid him in gold, and then offered to run a foot race for the 
money he had paid him. But Mr. Wyatt did not consider it safe 
to take the risk, notwithstanding he was a young man and Mr. 
II. was sixty-seven years old. 

Waixer. — Thomas Waller, of Spottsylvania Co., Va., was born 
in July, 1732, and his wife, Sarah Dabney, was born in October, 
1740. They had nine children — ^lary, Anna, Agnes, Dolly, 
Carr, Dabnej', Comfort, Elizabeth, and John. Carr married 
P^lizabeth Martin, by whom he had— Sarah M., William I., 
Joseph G., and Martha M. Sarah M. married Henry P2dwards. 
William I. married Maria Norval. Joseph G. married Virginia 
McDonnell, and settled in Warren Co., Mo., in 1830. They had 
nine children — Susan, Martha, Agnes, Jane, Collin, John, Louisa, 
Joseph, and Eliza. — Martha M. Waller married Henry Pritchett, 
who settled in Missouri in 1835. Their children were — Carr W., 
Lizzie, Sarah, William I., Julia D., Joseph II., John F,, INLartha 
P., Edwin, and Mary E. Joseph II. is a distinguislied Methodist 
minister, and Carr W., principal of Pritchett Institute at Glas- 
gow, Mo., is one of the most highly educated men in the State. 
The AValler and I'ritchett families are well educated and intelli- 
gent, and exercise a large influence for good in their respective 

Wright. — Richard Wright, of Culpepper county, Va., was a 
soldier of the War of 1812. He married Ann Smith, of Virginia, 
and settled in Warren county, IMo., in 1822. In 1858 he removed 
to Lincoln county, where he died. His children were — IClizabeth, 
Henry C, Susannah, Ann jM., George W., and Francis M. Eliz- 
abeth married INIarion Ross, who settled in Lincoln county. 
Henry C. is a physician. He settled in Warren county, and 
when the North Missouri Railroad was built he laid off a town on 
his farm, and called it Wright City. Tlie place now numbers some 
live or six hundred inhabitants, and is a thriving town. Dr. Wright 
represented his county in tiie Lower House of tlie Legislature two 
terms, and one term in tlie State Senate. He at present resides 
in St. Louis, and enjoys a comfortable fortune. Susannah Wright 
married Presley Ross, of Lincoln county. Ann M. married James 
Taylor, who died in California. George W. married Judith Carter, 
of St. Charles Co. Frank M. married Nancy Gizer, of Lincoln Co. 


Williams. — Edvvard Williams, of North Carolina, went to Ken- 
tucky with Daniel Boone, and lived for some time at Boonesbor- 
ough, where he married Jemima Anderson, daughter of Major 
Jack Anderson. Their children were — Daniel, Joshua, Pernell, 
Casper, Susan, and Caleb. The latter married Elizabeth Wood- 
land, of Kentucky, and settled in Warren county in 1818. They 
had nine children — William, Dulcinea, Laurel, Abihue, Heath, 
Jane, Zuima, Elizabeth, and Caleb C. Dulcinea married Everett 
Creech, who settled in Warren county in 1819. Jane married 
William Guerdo, son of Jared D. Guerdo, who settled in St. 
Charles county in 1806. Elizabeth married William Anderson, 
who settled in Warren county in 1832. Caleb Williams was Jus- 
tice of the Peace in Warren county for many years. 

Wyatt. — Frank Wyatt, of North Carolina, had the following 
children — John, William, Frank, Jr., Ricks, Polly, Elizabeth, and 
Sally. John, William, and Ricks settled in Lincoln county, Ken- 
tucky, at a very early date, and the former served as a soldier in 
the revolutionary war. He married Polly Pearle, of Virginia, and 
settled in Warren county, Mo., in 1817. They had — Martha, 
Frank, Susan, Elizabeth, Sarah, Rebecca, WiUiam S., Mary A., 
Anna E., and Nancy. Frank was a soldier of the war of 1812, and 
died of consumption in Kentucky. Nancy, Martha, and Anna E. 
all died unmarried. Susan married James Pennington, of Ken- 
tucky, who settled in Warren county in 1817. Their children 
were — Frank M., John T., Liberty S., Mary C, Ephraim, 
Rebecca, Isabella J., Martha F., and Lavinia W. Ehzabeth 
Wyatt married William James, who settled in AVarren county in 
1809. Their children were — John W., Martha A., Benjamin S., 
William F., and Lucian A. Mr. James was Judge of the County 
Court for some time, and Sheriflf two terms. Sarah Wyatt 
married Walter T. James, who settled in Warren county in 1709. 
They had— Frank W., Mary A., William S., John B., Elizabeth, 
Joel P., Rex, and Lycurgus. Rebecca Wyatt was married first to 
Joel Pearle, who settled in Warren county in 1828. . They had 
two children — John H., and Mary A., when Mr. Pearle died, and 
his widow subsequently married Joseph Rattsburn, of Ohio. 
William S. Wyatt married Patience Pearle ; but they had no chil- 
dren. Mary A. married and settled in Missouri. 

Wheeler. — Chester Wheeler, of Vermont, settled in (now) 
Warren county. Mo., in 1810 or 1812. He married Joanna, 
daughter of Henry Bryan, and they had a large family of chil- 
dren. Their son, Samuel H., who is at presentTreasurer of Mont- 
gomery county, and a leading and influential citizen, was raised 
by his uncle, John Davis. He married Margaret Fulkerson, 
daughter of the late Col. Robert Fulkerson, of Danville. 

Young. — Leonard Young, of Virginia, married Mary Higgins, 
and settled in Fayette Co., Ky. They had thirteen children — 


Nancy, Elizabeth, William, James, Richard, Frances, Jane, John, 
Aaron H., Henry, Mary, Catharine, and Benjamin. James mar- 
ried Nancy Booker, by whom he had — Elizabeth, WilHam, Rich- 
ard, Mary, Miartha, Nancy K., Booker, James S., Sarah J., Fran- 
ces A. , Caroline, John H. , and Elenora E. William and Mary came 
to Missouri. The latter married Stephen Ellis, of Kentucky, who 
settled in St. Charles Co., Mo., in 1826. William was born in 
Shelby Co., Ky., in March, 1803. He settled in the town of St. 
Charles in 1827 ; but the following year he removed to Tro}'^, in 
Lincoln county, where he practiced law for many years. He was 
also County Judge. He was married first to Martha A. Boyd, 
daughter of Hon. Wilham G. Boyd, of Shelby Co., Ky., by 
whom he had but one child, who died in infancy. Mrs. Toung 
also died, and he was married the second time to Sarah C. Rus- 
sell, of Kentucky, by whom he had — James R., Richard, Samuel, 
William H., Anna B., and Susan F. E. — John, Aaron H., and 
Benjamin Young also came to Missouri. John was a physician, 
having graduated at the Philadelphia Medical College. He came 
to Warren county in 1816, and laid off the town of Marthasville, 
which he named for his first wife, Martha Fuqua. He was mar- 
ried twice ; first, to Martha Fuqua, of Virginia, in 1805, who died 
without children. In 1811 he married Sarah Scott, of Virginia, 
who also died without children. The Doctor moved to St. Louis- 
in 1827, and died while on a visit to some of his wife's relations 
in Alabama, in 1832. — Aaron Young was married in 1804, to The- 
odosia Winn, of Fayette Co., Ky., and came to Missouri and set- 
tled near Marthasville in 1819. His children were — James, Mar- 
tha, Elizabeth, Leonard, and Mary. Mr. Young served as County 
Judge for several terms, and finally moved to St. Louis county, 
where he died. — Benjamin Young was born in Fayette Co., Ky., 
in 1791. He married Mary Maaro, and came to Warren county 
in 1819. He settled at Marthasville, and opened a store,, 
being the first merchant of the place. In 1820 he removed to Cal- 
laway county and settled in Ham's Prairie, at a place called Eliz- 
abeth, which was the first county seat of Callaway county. In 
February, 1821, he was appointed the first County Judge, by Gov. 
McNair, which office he filled for a number of years with credit to 
himself and the county. Mr. Young was a man of superior tal- 
ents, and represented Callaway county in both Houses of the State 
Legislature for a number of years. He was also a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1845. Unfortunately he had an 
impediment in his speech, and always had to go through a certain 
formula before he could speak, which was as follows: " Be-kase, 
be-kase, be-kase, sir, by g — d," at the same time advancing with 
a short hop at the utterance of each word. He was married twice, 
and 'by his first wife had — Hannah, Mary, Margaret, Elizabeth, 
and William M. By his second wife he had Anna and Martha. 


Yater. — Conrad Yate , of Gtrmany, came to America and set- 
tled first in Virginia, where he married. In 1818 he came to Mis- 
souri and settled, in Warren county. During his residence here he 
built four mills (one run by water, two by horses, and one by 
oxen), and one distillery. His children were — Joseph, Peter S., 
Polly, Elizabeth, Nancy, Henry, Sarah, Catharine, Charles, and 
George W. Joseph married Polly Phoenix, and settled in Pike 
Co., Mo. Polly married John Johnson, of Pike county. Eliza- 
beth married Joseph King, of Montgomery county. Nancy mar- 
ried Colonel Reuben Pew, of Montgomery county. Henry mar- 
ried Susan Shields, of Pike county. Sarah married Israel Sitters, 
of Callaway county. Catharine married Nicholas Bradlej-, of Cal- 
lawa}' county. Charles married Judith Jamison, of Callaway 
county. George W. married Elizabeth Coil, and settled in War- 
ren county. Peter S. married Miss Slonce, of Kentucky, and set- 
tled in Warren county in 1818. He built a stone chimney 8x9 
feet in size, and afterward built a cabin to the chimney. He ob- 
tained assistance from St. Charles county- to raise his cabin, and 
as he furnished plenty of good whisky, it took them a week to 
finish it. When the house was completed he gave a dance, and 
during the night the floor gave way and let them all down into 
the cellar. Thomas Howell played the fiddle, and Rev. Thomas 
Bowen, who was a young man then, .danced as vigorously as any 
of the other guests. 



The county of Montgomery was organized December 14, 1818, 
out of surplus territory of St. Charles county. It was named for 
Montgomery county, Ky . , because so many citizens of that county 
had settled here. The statement that it was named in honor of 
General Montgomery, who fell at the battle of Quebec, soon after 
the commencement of the American revolution, is erroneous. 

The seat of justice was first located at Pinckney,.on the Missouri 
river, and within the present liqiits of Warren county. This 
town was named for Miss Attossa Pinckney Sharp, daughter of Maj. 
Benjamin Sharp, the first Clerk of the County and Circuit Courts 
of Montgomery county. It was once a flourishing place, but the 
removal of the county seat to Lewiston proved its death blow, 
and the town disappeared many years ago. The spot where it' 
originally stood has fallen into the river, and a postoffice in the 
vicinity, with perhaps one store, are the only reminders of its 
existence. The land upon which the town was built was origin- 
ally granted to Mr. John Meek, by the Spanish government, but 
he failed to comply with the terms, and it reverted to the United 
States government upon its purchase of the territory. It was 
sold at the land sales in 1818, and bought by Mr. Alex!ander Mc- 
Kinney, who sold fifty acres of the tract to the County Commis- 
sioners, for the use of the county, for which he received $500. 
The Commissioners were, David Bryan, Andrew Fourt, and Moses 
Summers. The first public building erected in the place was the 
jail, which was built in 1820, at a cost of $2,500. During the 
summer of the same year, Nathaniel Hart and George Edmonson 
built a frame house there, which was the first frame house erected 
in Montgomery county. It was 25x30 feet in size, and wasrented 
to the county for a court house, at $100 per year. The rent was 
paid with county scrip worth 25c to the dollar. The same sum- 


'^'^TME M. E. CHURCH, SOU^"- 

.... •. '. 

^^nfjy shock I 




MMt.^Miaw un niMir 


mer Frederick Gris wold built a log store house, and opened the 
first store in Pinckney. The next house erected in the place was 
a mill, partly built by Hus^h McDermid, who sold it to two Ger- 
mans named Lineweaver and Duvil, who completed it. 

The first Judges of the County Court were, Isaac Clark, Moses 
Summers, and John Wyatt. At the first meeting of the Court Mr. 
Clark resigned, and Maj. Benjamin Sharp was appointed to fill the 
vacancy. He also resigned soon afterward, and Hugh McDermid 
was appointed in his place, after which there was no other change 
in the Court until the removal of the county seat to Lewiston. 
Previous to his appointment as Judge of the County Court, Mc- 
Dermid was a member of the Territorial Legislature, and when 
the line was established between Montgomery and St. Charles 
counties he acted as one of the Commissioners for the former 

Irvine S. Pitman was the first Sheriflf of Montgomery county. 
John C. Long was appointed first County and Circuit Clerk, by 
Governor McNair, after the admission of the Territory into the 
Union, but he sold the offices to Jacob L. Sharp before assuming 
his duties ; so that Mr. Sharp became the fii-st incumbent of those 
two offices under the State government, which he held by election 
for many years afterward. Robert W. Wells was the first 
Prosecuting Attorney, and Alexander McKiuney was the first 
County Surveyor. 

Andrew Fourt built the first hotel in Pinckney, and on court 
days he generally had a lively time. Men would come to town 
and get drunk, and then quarrel and fight in and around the hotel, 
which they regarded as a public place, where they could do as 
they pleased. Among the most noisy characters of that class was 
a man known as Big Ben Ellis, of South Bear creek, aad one day 
he became so demonstrative that Fourt offered him a dollar to 
leave the house. He took the money, stepped out at the door, 
came right back again, and told Fourt that if he would give 
him another dollar he would go home. He finally compromised 
on fifty cents, and took his departure. 

The first criminal case tried in Pinckney was against a man 
named Jim Goen, who had stolen a pair of shoes from his sweet- 
heart. He was sentenced by the court to receive twenty-nine 
lashes at the whipping post, which, at that time, was u familiar 
instrument of justice, as there was one at every court house in 
the State. As soon as the sentence was pronounced, the pris- 


oner stai'tecl to run, and the Sheriff (Mr. Irvine Pitman) gave 
•chase. It was a pretty close race until they came to a fence, 
which Goen attempted to jump, but failed and fell on his back. 
Pitman secured him, took him back to the whipping post, and in- 
flicted the punishment, which was the first and last sentence of 
the kind ever executed at Pinckney. 

In 1826 or 1827, the seatof justice of Montgomery county was 
removed to a place called Lewiston, situated a short distance 
south of the present site of New Florence. Every vestige of the 
town has long since disappeared. It was named in honor of Col. 
Merriwether Lewis, generally known from his connection with 
Lewis and Clark's famous expedition to the Pacific Ocean, and who 
was also the second Governor of the Territory of Upper Louisi- 
ana. The land upon which the town was situated was entered in 
1818, by Amos Kibbe, who donated to the county a sufficient 
•quantity of land for the public buildings. Several courts were 
held in Mr. Kibbe's house, but in 1824 a log court house and jail 
were erected. The jail was built by Charles Allen. It was eigh- 
teen feet square, and composed of two walls, one a few inches 
•outside of the other, with hewn timbers set on end in the space 
between. The court house was the same size as the jail, built of 
logs, and floored with puncheons. The roof was composed of 
clapboards, weighted down with poles. During the intervals be- 
tween courts this house afforded a shelter for Mr. Kibbe's sheep, 
which were driven out the day before the commencement of 
each session, and the house swept clean. The materials for the 
jail and the court house were furnished by various individuals, 
who were paid with county warrants, with which some of them 
liquidated their taxes for the next ten years. 

Mr. Kibbe laid off and sold lots, and a small town soon came 
into existence. George Bast and William Knox opened the first 
«tore in Lewiston, and hauled their goods from St. Louis in a 
wagon drawn by oxen. They sold principally for skins and furs, 
which they bartered in St. Louis for new goods. Not long after 
they began business they met with a serious misfortune, which 
ruined them financially for the time being, and compelled them to 
suspend. They had been to St. Louis with a load of furs, and 
started home witli a stock of new goods in their wagon. "When 
they drove on board the ferry-boat at St. Charles it sank, and 
their team, wagon and goods were all lost. This misfortune left 
them without nieans to carry on their business, and they suspended. 


In 1834 Danville was laid off by Judge Oily Williams, on land 
'belonging to him, and the same year the seat of justice was estab- 
lished there. This place is situated about five miles west of 
where Lewiston stood, and was, for many years,, the most flour- 
ishing town in that part of the country, but when the North Mis- 
souri railroad was built, it was left several miles to the south, and 
since then it has not prospered. It suff'ered severely from guer- 
rilla raids during the late war between the North and South, dur- 
ing one of which the court house was burned and all the public 
records were consumed, and several prominent citizens killed. A 
proposition will be submitted to the voters of Montgomery county 
this fall, for the removal of the seat of justice to Montgomery 
.City, and the friends of the. measure confidently expect to carry 
it. A similar attempt was made several years ago, but failed. 

In this connection the following letter from Mr. Alfred Kibbe, 
a son of the founder of Lewiston, to the compilers of this work, 
will be interesting. Mr. Kibbe at present resides at Dallas, 
Texas, where his letter was dated, and as he has a great many 
friends in Montgomery county, we have endeavored to preserve, 
as nearly as possible, his characteristics of expression in copying 
bis letter, thinking they would be glad to recognize something 
that would call up memories of the olden time. 

MR. KIBBK'S letter. 

"You wanted to know something about my father. Amos Kibbe. 
Well, he was born in the State of Connecticut, and emigrated 
West when he was seventeen or eighteen years of age, in company 
with his brother Timothy, who was a Colonel in the United States 
army. My father parted with his brother somewhere in the State 
of Ohio, and went to Little Sandy Salt Works in Greenup county, 
Kentucky. After remaining there several years he became a 
partner of Jesse Boone, son of old Daniel Boone, and they car- 
ried on the salt making business for a number of years. They 
finally sold out, in 1816, to a Louisville man named David Dell- 
ward, and my father came to St. Louis, Missouri, and kept hotel 
on the corner of Pine and Main streets for several years. In 
1818 or 1819, (I can't remember which,) Missouri was admitted 
into the Union as a State,* and the first session of the Legisla- 
ture was held in St. Louis, t The Legislature was then removed 

* This, of course, is a mistake, as the State was not admitted into the Union 
until 1820. 

t This is also incorrect. A session of the Legislature was held in St. Louis, com- 
mencing on the third Monday of September, 1820, which was three months before the 
commencement of the session of Congress at which tlie Territory was admitted into 
the Union. This session was held under Authority of the State Constitution, which 


to St. Charles, and my father moved there with it, and built a 
hotel, which he kept for several years. After the removal of the 
Legislature to Jefferson City [in 1826], my father sold his hotel 
to a man from Kentucky, named Whitley, and moved to Calla- 
way county, six miles north of Fulton. We were the first settlers 
in that part of the county. Our nearest neighbor was a man 
named VanBibber, who lived fifteen miles east of us on Loutre 
creek. We lived at that place one year, and during that time my 
mother died of consumption, and we buried her sometime in 
August, 1822. My father then sold out to a man by the name of 
McKinney, from Kentucky, and moved back to St. Charles. He 
had not received all the pay for his hotel, and went back to col- 
lect the balance that was due him ; and after doing so he moved 
to Montgomery county, and settled in a little prairie eleven miles 
from Camp Branch, where the Booneslick and Cotesansdessein 
roads forked. While we were living there the county seat was 
moved to that place, and my father donated half his land to the 
county. A town was laid out by the county, and called Lewiston, 
for the man that crossed the Rocky Mountains with General 
Clark. In a few j'ears the county seat was moved again, to a 
place called Danville, about eight miles up the Booneslick road. 
This place was settled by a man named Oily Williams, who was 
from one of the Eastern States, and was a very industrious man. 
He was a mechanic, and built a mill with an inclined wheel, with 
which he ground our wheat and corn. He afterwaixl attached a 
wool carding machine and cotton gin and wheel to the same mill. 
The people raised only enough cotton for their own use. A man 
named,Whitesides, who lived twelve miles from Williams' mill, was 
the first to raise cotton in IMontgomery county. Oily Williams 
was the most useful man in the country, owing to his great skill 
as a mechanic. He ground our corn and wheat, carded our wool, 
ginned our cotton and spun it into thread. He built a fine brick 
house, which was used as a hotel after the county seat was moved 
to Danville. His property increased rapidly in value, and he 
finally sold out for a good price and moved to St. Louis county, 
and bought property close to the city, which made him rich. He 
had a large family. 

"My father was married twice. The maiden name of his first 
wife, who was my mother, was Sidney Bragg, a daughter of 
Thomas Bragg, who lived on the Ohio river at a place called 
Lewisburg, in Lewis county, Kentucky. About one year after 
the death of my mother, my father married a widow lady by the 
name of Finch. She had two children, and he had six living and 

had been adopted by the Convention, but not yet accepted by Congress. An act 
passed this Legisiaturc on the 28th of Xovember, 1820, flxing the seat of government 
at St. Charles, wliere the next Legiglature met in the winter of 1821-22, so that the 
flrat Legislature of the State of Alissouri met in St. Charles. The seat of government 
remained there until October, 1820, when it was removed to Jefl'erson City. 


one dead. My eldest brother, Preston, died of typhoid fever, a 
disease which had just made its appearance and was considered 
incurable. Its victims died suddenly, and nearly every one that 
was attacked died. It was a long time before the doctors learned 
how to cure the disease. 

"My father had six children by his second wife. Some of my 
half-brothers went to St. Louis tolive, and after they had been 
there a while they sent for the old folks, who were growing old 
and helpless. My father died a short time after he went to St.. 
Louis, at the age of seventy-five or seventy-six years. He was a 
postmaster at the place where he lived in Kentucky, in 1793, and 
some time after he settled in Montgomery county, he was 
appointed postmaster again, and held the office for a number of 
years. He was also county magistrate for some, time. M}^ step- 
mother lived for a number of years after the death of 'my father, 
and finally went to live with a son-in-law, on the Illinois river, 
where she died. 

"I will now give you some of the names of the old settlers of 
Missouri. There was a large family by the name of Talbott that 
settled first on Loutre Island. The next was Colonel Pitman,^ 
who married a Talbott. In the eastern part of the Slate [St. 
Charles county] there was a large family by the name of Calla- 
way, which was related to Daniel Boone's family by marriage. 
Then there were the Bryans, McKinneys, Hayses, Sharps, Wyatts, 
and Griswolds. Fred. W. Griswold was a merchant in the town 
of Pinckney, which was the first county scat of Montgomery 
county. That part of the country was quite thickly settled, but 
no one lived on Loutre Prairie near where my father 'settled 
except Jonathan Smith, whose house was about a mile below my 
father's, on the Booneslick road. North of Lewiston lived John 
Dutton, Glover Dozier, Bass Farrow, John Custer, Hensley, and 
some few others. In the upper part of the county lived a noted 
man by the name of Isaac VanBibber, whose house was at a place 
called Loutre Lick, where the Booneslick road crosses Loutre 
creek. He was raised an orphan boy by old Daniel Boone, and 
was a very kind, generous hearted old man. He could tell a great 
many things about the early settlement of Missouri, and the 
trouble they used to have with the Indians. It was quite inter- 
esting to hear him talk about old Grandfather Boone, who always 
came to see him once a year, and would spend several weeks or 
months at his house. It was at Isaac VanBibber's that I first 
met Daniel Boone and got acquainted with him. I would rather 
sit and hear him talk than to hear any other man I ever saw in my 
life, and I have seen several of the greatest men of this nation, 
among whom were Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, General Harri- 
son, Thomas H. Benton, General Taylor, Andrew Johnson, and 
last, but not least by any means, General Clark. Isaac Vaa- 


Bibber's nearest neighbor was Lewis Jones, who was a brother- 
in-law of Mrs. VanBibber. He crossed the Rocky Mountains 
with Lewis and Clark. Samuel Boone, a cousin of Daniel 
Boone, and Isaac Clark, a very considerable man, lived in the 
same region of country. Clark's eldest daughter married a man 
named Knox, and their eldest son, named Henry, married a Miss 
Talbott, of Loutre Island. Families by the name of Logan, 
Davis, and Ellis lived on Bear creek, and P^noch and Aleck 
Fruite liveil on Nine Mile Prairie. They were the first settlers 
there. Jesse Boone, a son of Daniel Boone, settled in that part 
of the country in 1820, and John Clark, a brother of Isaac Clark, 
settled on Nine Mile Prairie in 1825. Israel and William Grant 
lived in the southwestern corner of that prairie, where they set- 
tled in 1819. Israel was afterward killed by two of his negroes, 
who waylaid him on the road about three miles from home as he 
was returning from Fulton, where he had gone to collect some 
money. They killed him with clubs and knives. The next set- 
tlers there were two brothers, named McMurtry, who bought out 
the Fruites. Boone and Samuel Hays, relatives of Daniel Boone, 
also lived in that part of the country. 

" The first saw mill in Montgomery county was built by Col- 
onel Pitman, on Loss creek. It was run by water. 

"A man named Lomax, who was one of the early settlers of 
Callaway county, was taken very sick and sent for a physician at 
Fulton, who gave him calomel and salivated him very badly ; and 
in order to stop salivation he poured cold water on him, which 
caused him to lose all his teeth. 

"When my father lived in Callaway county, we had to go forty 
miles to mill, and take our own team to grind with. We went 
three times a year. 

" In the year 1817, while we were living in St. Louis, I saw the 
first steamboat that ever landed at that place. It was simply a 
large barge, with an engine and smoke stack. The first newspa- 
per I ever saw was the Missouri Republican. It was published 
then by a man named Charless, who was the father of Joseph 

"While we were living in St. Charles my father made the first 
cradle for cutting grain that was ever seen in that county, and the 
old French settlers viewed it with as much curiosity as their 
friends in St. Louis did the first steamboat. When harvest came 
my father sent several negro men with cradles to assist a farmer 
named John East in cutting his wheat. When harvest was over 
East wanted to pay several dollars per day for each of the hands, 
the customary price being one dollar, 'because,' said he, 'each 
of them did as much work as two or three men with sickles.' 

" My grandmother's name was Lucy Bragg. She was born on 
the Shenandoah river, in Virginia, and lived to be 113 years old. 


She was a widow for more than fifty years. Her mother was born 
in Paris, France, and lived to be 120 years old. My grand- 
mother gave m}' mother a negro woman who had eight children 
at the time ; she afterward had eleven more, making nineteen in 
all. The woman lived to be 110 years old, and died in St. 

" Yours, etc., 

"Alfred Kibbe." 
The first person hanged in Montgomery county, by judicial 
process, was a negro named Moses, who had killed his master, 
John Tanner, who lived on Cuivre river, in tlie northern part of 
the county. This murder was committed in 182H. The negro 
had run away and hid in the woods, where he remained several 
weeks. In the meantime he was furnished with a gun by a man 
who had a grudge against his master, and with this weapon he 
crawled up to the house and shot Tanner through an opening in the 
wooden chimney, which had not been completed. The house was 
an ordinary log cabin, such as the people universally occupied in 
those days, and it had a partly finished puncheon floor. When 
Tanner was shot he was sitting on this floor with his feet in his 
•wife's lap, and his face tpward the chimney. The entire dis- 
charge entered his breast. H^ sprang to his feet and called to 
his wife to hand him his gun, but before she could do so he fell 
on his face outside of the door, and expired immediately. The 
negro was arrested and tried at Lewiston, and hanged in the 
spring of 1829. Henry Clark was SheriflT at the time, and rode 
in a cart with the negro, seated on his coffin, to the scaflTold. 
The last act of the condemned man before his execution, was 
to sing the hymn commencing, 

" Show pity, Lord; O Lord forgive," 

which he did in such an affecting manner that nearly all who 
were present shed tears. No other scene like it was ever wit- 
nessed in Montgomery county. The body was given to Dr. 
Jones, of Marthasville, who dissected it for the benefit of his 

It may not be generally known that the ancestor of the notori- 
ous Younger boys was an early settler of jMontgomery county. 
His name was Charles Younger. He came from Mount Sterling, 
Ky., and settled near Pinckney, then in Montgomery, but now in 
"Warren county, about 1819, where he lived until 1822, when he 
removed to Callaway county, and settled on Auxvasse creek. He 
was a horse racer and gambler in Kentucky, and followed the 


same pursuits in Missouri. One day in Kentucky, he placed his 
little son on a fine horse to run a race. The horse threw the 
child and killed him, but Younger dragged his body out of the 
way and placed another son on the horse, who won the race. In 
1823 he sold his place on the Auxvasse to David Henderson, and 
removed to Clay county, where he died soon after. His son, 
Coleman Younger, who was the father of the boys who have be- 
come so well known as outlaws in this State, was a delegate from 
Clay county to the Convention that nominated General Ta3dor 
for President in 1848. 

Bear Creek, in Montgomer}'^ county, was so named by Daniel 
Boone, because he found a great many bears in that locality. 
North Bear creek was named by Presley Anderson, who settled in 
Montgomery county in 1817. The name originated in an adventure 
which he had with some bears, one day, while hunting on that 
stream and which nearly cost him his life. AVhile stalking through 
the woods looking for game, he saw two cub bears run up a tree, 
a short distance from liim, and desiring to capture them alive, he 
set his gun down and climbed after them. Pretty soon he heard 
a fearful snorting and tearing of the brush under him, and looking 
down he saw the old mother bear just beginning to climb the tree 
after him, with her-bristles on end and her white teeth glistening 
between her extended jaws. He knew she meant business, and 
began to wish himself somewhere else. To go down by the angry 
brute was impossible, and it was equally impossible to ascend 
higher, as the slender branches would not sustain his weight. If 
he remained where he was he must sustain a hand-to-hand con- 
test with the old bear, which he knew would result entix'ely in her 
favor. He had only one way to escape, and that was to play the 
squirrel and jump to another tree. It was a desperate chance^ 
but he felt the hot breath of the old bear close to him, and deter- 
termined to take it. Gathering himself up for a desperate spring, 
he made it, and safely landed among the branches of a neighbor- 
ing tree. Then hastily sliding to the ground, he secured his gun, 
and killed all the bears. This incident led him to name the adja- 
cent stream Bear creek, but as main Bear creek had already been 
named, he designated the former as North Bear creek, by which 
name it has been known ever since. 

On a small stream in the southern part of Montgomery county 
there' is a huge, singular looking rock, known as Pinnacle Rock. 
It stands alone in the midst of a small valley, and rises perpen- 


dicularly on all sides except one, to th.e height of seventy-five feet. 
It covers an area of about one acre, and the top is flat and 
covered with trees, grass, etc. A shelving path on one side 
affords a safe ascent, and the people of the vicinity often collect 
there on picnic occasions and Fourth of July celebrations. Dur- 
ing the last few summers the Pinnacle has been used as a preach- 
ing place, and the praises of God are often heard ascending from 
its romantic summit. 

The dates of the organizations of the various churches in Mont- 
gomery county are difficult to obtain. Some of them are given 
in connection with the histories of families. On the 16th of 
April, 1824, a Baptist church called Freedom was organized at 
the house of John Snethen, on Dry Fork of Loutre, by Revs. 
William Coats and Felix Brown. The following members were 
enrolled at the time: John Snethen and wife, Nancy Skelton, 
Sarah Elston, William Hall, Mary Allen, and Jonathan Elston. 
Mr. Snethen was chosen Deacon, and J-onathan Elston Clerk. A 
small log church was erected the following July, and their meet- 
ings were held in it for a number of years. In this church, on 
January 4, 1825, Alexander Snethen and Jabez Ham were or- 
dained ministers, by Revs. William Coats and Absalom Brain- 
bridge. During the first four years of the existence of this 
church the collections for all purposes amounted to $1.75. On 
one occasion two of the members were sent as delegates to a 
Baptist Association south of the Missouri river, and they con- 
cluded to swim the river on their horses, and save the money 
which had been given .them to pay their ferriage. After swim- 
ming the river they invested the money in whiskej', and both got 
" tight," for which offence they were tried and suspended. 

About 1838 another church building was erected on South Bear 
-creek, also called Freedom, but owing to its location near some 
stagnant water, it subsequently received tne facetious appellation 
of "Frog Pond." The association was afterward removed to 
-Jonesburg, and retained the name of Freedom. 


Allen. — Charles Allen and his wife, Elizabeth Powell, settled 
in Kentucky in 1800, and came to Montgomery Co., Mo., in 
1823. Their children were — Joseph H,, David P., Charles P., 
Polly E., Elizabeth B., Anna A., Martha C, Tabitha W., Lucy 
J., and Catharine C. Mr. Allen was a carpenter by trade, and 


built the jail at Lewiston. His son, Joseph H., who was a physi- 
cian, died at Troj^ in Lincoln county. David P. was married 
first to Ann Boone, by whom he had two children. After her 
death be married Nancy Courtne}^ of St. Charles, and they had 
eight children. He died in 1874. Charles P. married Eliza J. 
Courtney, by whom he had thirteen children. Tabitha and Cath- 
arine died before they were grown. Polly and Elizabeth married 
brothers named Simpson. Anna married William Cowherd, and 
their children were — Charles A., James D., William R., Catharine 
C., Martha E., and Elizabeth P. Charles and William died 
before they were grown. James married Ella Logan, of Mont- 
gomery county. Martha married Joseph Crane, of Callaway 
county. ' EHzabeth married Charles Blades, of Montgomery 

Adams. — James Adams, of Virginia, settled in St. Louis Co., 
Mo., in 1818. He married Sally Brown, and their children 
were — Burrell, James, Polly, Sally, Ellizabeth, Lucy, Rebecca, 
Martha, and Nancy. Burrell was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
He came to Missouri in 1816, with Judge Beverly Tucker, and 
was married in 1818 to Harriet Allen, a daughter of John Allen, 
who died in 1830. Mr. Adams died in Danville, Mo., during the 
summer of 1876, in his 82d year. He had eight children — William 
B., B. T., J. B., James B., Susan F., John A., C. C, and Sarah 
E. William B. is a physician, lives in Danville, and has a prac- 
tice that extends for many miles over that portion of the coun- 
try. He is a very intelligent man, and exercises a large influ- 
ence in the affairs of the county, which he has represented in the 
State Legislature. He possesses a large fund of ready wit and 
humor, and is an entertaining conversationalist. 

Anderson. — Presley Anderson and his wife, Elizabeth Steele, 
settled in Montgomery Co., Ky., in 1779. Their children were 
John A. S., James, William, Presley, Jr., Lucy, and Eliza. John 
A. S., better known as Captain Jack, was a remarkable man in 
his day, and is well remembered by the old citizens of Montgom- 
ery and Callaway counties. We give his history elsewhere. 
Presley, Jr., married Euphemia Jones, of Tennessee, and set- 
tled first in Warren Co., Mo., in 1814, from whence he removed 
to Montgomery countj^ in 1817, and settled near Brush creek. 
He brought his famil}^ to Missouri on paqk-horses, and they occu- 
pied Robert Ramsey's house, near Marthasville, soon after the 
murder of the family of the latter. The blood was still upon the 
floor when they went into the house, and Mrs. Anderson scoured 
it up before they put their furniture in. During the Indian war 
Mr. Anderson served as a ranger in Capt. Hargrove's company, 
in Illinois. He was a devout Methodist, and the preachers of 
that denomination held services in his house for many j^ears. 
The names of his children were — Presley, Jr., Joseph, James, 


William, John, Margaret, Lucy, Elizabeth, and Eliza. James 
Anderson married Eliza Journey, of St. Charles county, and settled 
on Brush creek, in Montgomery county. He afterward removed 
to St. Louis county, where he died. Eliza Anderson married 
John Dabney, who settled near Middletown in 1830. 

.Andrkws. — William Andrews, of Virginia, had a son Robert, 
who married Nancy Edmonds, and settled in Missouri in 
1833. Thek- children were — William, Samuel, Sally, Mary J., 
and Catharine. 

Andkrson.— Johu Anderson, of England, had a son John, who 
married Letitia Stewart. They also had a son John, who married 
Jane Clark, and they had — Gustavus A., William E., Theresa J.,. 
Robert S., Eliza C, and John W. Gustavus A. graduated in 
medicine, and settled in Missouri in 1836. He was married first 
to Jemima E. Fisher, and after her death to Mary A. Talbott, 
daughter of Major Kit Talbott, of Loutre Island. 

Bush. — William Bush, of Fayette, Co., Ky., had — Benjamin, 
Ambrose, Levi, and Matilda. Benjamin married and settled in 
Illinois, on the bank of the Mississippi river, and was murdered 
under the following circumstances : Parties on the opposite side of 
the river owed him a considerable amount of money, and he went 
over on the ferryboat, one day, to collect it. As he was returning 
that evening he was robbed while on the boat, and then thrown in- 
to the river. — Levi and Matilda Bush both married and lived and 
died in Kentucky. Ambrose married Nancy Douglass, and settled 
first in Illinois, near his brother Benjamin, where he remained one 
year, and then (in 1818) he removed to Missouri and settled at 
Charrette, in Warren county. In 1818 he settled on Dry Fork of 
Loutre, in Montgomery county. Mr. Bush was a shrewd business 
man, and made a fortune by trading in horses and other stock. 
He .had a low, soft voice and gentlemanly manners, and was a 
general favorite with his neighbors. He died in 1873, at the 
advanced age of 88 years. His wife died many years previous. 
Their children were — Greenberry, Maria, Edwaitl D., William, 
and Ella. Greenbury married Sarah Cundiff", and they had — 
William D., Eliza A., Nancy J., Amanda G., Caroline, Mary, 
Clay, Edward W., Virginia, and Susan. Mr. Bush seryed as 
Sheriff and Assessor of Montgomery county for several years. 
He was also elected to the Legislature one term. Maria Bush 
was married first to Aaron Groom, and after his death ehe mar- 
ried William M. Wright. Edward D. married Virginia Mosley, 
and died in 1863. His children were — Lavinia, John, Greenberry 
B., William T., Judith A., Lydia, Benjamin F., Emma, and 

Baker. — David Baker, son of Robert Baker, of England, mar- 
ried Mary Anderson, in November, 1756, and settled in Norfolk, 
Va. They had — Elizabeth, Mary, Benjamin, David, Robert, 


Sarah, Dempsey, Thomas, and James. David was born in No- 
Tember, 1763. He married Judith Johnson, and they had — Syl- 
vester, Thomas J., and John. Sylvester, who was born in 1791, 
married the widow of John Johnson, whose maiden name was 
Elsey Ward, and settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1820. His 
children were — Judith, David W., Sylvester, Jr., William M., and 
JohnF. Capt. John Baker was born in 1795. He married Liz- 
zie Johnson, and settled in Montgomery county in 1820. They 
had — Sylvester C, Elsey A., Robert W., John J., Mary K., Ju- 
dith M., Margaret E., and Dicey B. V. Capt. Baker built a 
water mill on Loutre creek, and a rather singular circumstance 
happened to it one day. The mill was running at full speed, 
with a heavy head of water on, when the wheel suddenly blocked 
and the machinery stopped with a jar and crash that shook the 
mill to its foundation. Upon examining the wheel a large cat- 
fish was found in it. The fish was taken out, a handspike run 
through its gills, and two tall negroes hoisted it on their shoul- 
ders and carried it to the house ; and it was so long that its tail 
dragged on the ground. This is a considerable fish story, but it 
is true. 

Baker. — Rev. Robert Baker came from Tennessee to Missouri 
at a very early date, and was one of the first Methodist preachers 
in Montgomery county. He organized the first church of that de- 
nomination in this county, at the house of Rev. Drury Clanton, 
who was also a Methodist preacher. His house was situated on 
a branch called "Pinch," about five miles southwest of Danville, 
and the church was organized in 1819. Baker was an old rev- 
olutionary soldier and drew a pension from the government, all 
of which he gave to his church and the Sunday-school cause. He 
had two sons, Jacob and Esau, who were as much unlike each 
other in personal appearance as it was possible for them to be ; 
Jacob being six feet two inches in height, while Esau measured 
only four feet five inches. The former settled in Callaway 
county, near Readesville. He had an old yellow dog that he 
thought a great deal of, and in order to keep him from running 
away, he drove a honey locust stake in the yard and tied him fast 
to it. The stake took root and grew to be a large tree, and its 
•branches cast a grateful shade over the yard and dwelling. 

Bast. — George Bast settled in Montgomery countj'^ in 1819. 
His father was a native of Germany, but came to America and 
settled in Baltimore. George was married first to Sarah Clark, of 
Lexington, Ky., by whom he had — Alon?o, John, George Y., and 
William H. Mrs. Bast died in 1816, and her husband subsequently 
married Emily Courtney, by whom he had two children. She 
also died in 1823, and Mr. Bast was married the third time to 
Elizabeth Ford, by whom he had three children — Sarah, Anna, 
and Edward. Mr. Bast was killed by the falling of a tree, in 


February, 1829, and his widow married Sirenus Cox. Alotizo, 
the eldest son, married a Mexican lady, and lived and died in 
Camargo, Mexico. At his death he left a widow and several 
children. John married Harriet Kibbe, .by whom he had — Mary, 
Julia, Harriet, Charles, and George. George Y., son of George 
Bast, Sr., is a physician, and lives at New Florence. He is a 
prominent and influential citiaen of the county, where he is 
widely known and respected. He was married first to Leonora 
Hancock, and they had one son;— William. After the death of his 
first wife he married Sophia Jacobs, and by her had two sons — 
George and Charles. William H. Bast is a merchant at Mont- 
gomery City. He also has a store in Kansas City, Mo. , and is a 
wealthy and influential citizen. He lives at his beautiful country 
residence, a short distance south of Montgomery City, and en- 
joys himself in the society of his family and neighbors. He was 
married first to Epsey McGhee, by whom he had — William, Mar}^ 
and Alonzo. After the death of his first wife, he married Louisa 
Gordon, and they have one child — a daughter. 

Best. — Stephen Best, of Ireland, emigrated to America many 
years before the revolution, and settled in Pennsylvania. His 
children were — Isaac, Humphrey, Stephen, Jr., and Ebenezer. 
He also had several daughters, but their names are lost. Eben- 
ezer never married, but he educated sixty children that claimed 
him for their father. He was one of the celebrated horse racers 
of Madison Co., Ky., and also indulged in chicken fighting. He 
once fought ten times with his chickens in one day, and gained 
seven of the fights, winning $1,000 each. — Isaac Best and his wife 
came to Missouri in 1808, from Garrard Co., Ky. They rode two 
old horses, on which they also carried their bedding, furniture, 
cooking utensils, etc. They settled on the bottom in Montgom- 
ery county, which has since borne their name. Mr. Best, like 
his brother, was fond of amusement, and delighted in horse 
racing. When the Indian war broke out he built a fort on his 
farm, but had to give it up before peace was declared. The 
Indians became so troublesome that he was afraid to leave his 
family in the fort any longer, and conveyed them for greater secu- 
rity to Fort Clemson, on Loutre Island. The following day his 
fort was captured by the Indians, but they found nothing to 
reward them for their trouble. The names of Mr, Best's children 
were — John, Stephen, Isaac, Jr., Humphrey, Ebenezer, Polly, 
Phcebe, Sally, and Peggy. John was married twice ; first to his 
cousin Polly, a daughter of Humphre}' Best, and second to Sarah 
Quick, daughter of Alexander Quick. By his first wife he had — 
Polly, Catharine, and Margaret; and by his second — Stephen, 
John, Jr., Rice, Nancy, Rhoda, and Elizabeth. Isaac Best, Jr., 
died when lie was nineteen years of age. Stephen, Humphrey, 
Ebenezer, Polly, Sally, and Margaret all accompanied their father 


to Texas, to which State he removed a number of years ago. 

Beard. — Edwin Beard and his wife, Mary Bell, of Ireland, 
came to America and settled in Augusta Co., Va. They bad — 
William, John, David, Charles, and Samuel. The latter was a 
soldier in the revolutionary war, and was present at the surrender 
of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. He married Sarah Craig, of 
Staunton, Va., and settled first in Pennsylvania, from whence he 
removed to Kentucky in 1792, and to Missouri in 1827. His chil- 
dren were — John, William, David, Samuel, Absalom, James^ 
Mary B., Sarah L., and Elizabeth. William was a soldier in the 
war of 1812, under Gen. Harrison. He married Elizabeth Finley, 
of Lincoln Co., Ky., and settled in Missouri in 1830. David 
married Mary DeJarnette, and settled in Missouri in 1827. 
Samuel married Rebecca Fisher, and settled in Ohio. Absalom 
died unmarried, in New Orleans. James was married first to 
Mary J. Logan, and second to Martha A. Briggs, and settled in 
Missouri. Mary married Gabriel Reeds, of Kentucky, and set- 
tled in Lincoln Co., Mo., in 1830. Sarah was married first to 
William C. Finley, and after his death she removed to Lincoln 
Co., Mo., whete she married McKenly Hays. She died, and 
Hays married her sister Elizabeth. 

Busby. — Matthew Busby, of Ireland, was a weaver by trade. 
He came to America and settled first in Delaware, from whence 
he removed to Bath Co., Ky., at an early date. He had seven 
sons, one of whom, James, married Nancy Lewis, of Delaware, 
by whom he had eleven children — Isaac, Rolley, John, James, 
Hiram, Lewis, Granville, Elizabeth, Lucretia, Amanda, and 
Malinda. Lewis and James settled in Missouri. The former 
married Eliza McClannahan, of Kentucky, and settled in Missouri 
in 1835. 

Barnes. — James Barnes, of Virginia, settled in Kentucky at an 
early date. He had three sons — James, Jr., Noble, and John. 
The two latter settled in Illinois, where they lived and died. 
James, Jr., settled in Missouri. He married Sarah Callaway, 
daughter of Flanders Callaway, and they had twenty-two children, 
sixteen of whom lived to be grown, viz. : James, John, Larkin, 
William, Callawa}'- F., Flanders C, Lilborn, Volney, Andrew, 
Rhoda, Jemima, Minerva, Margaret, Hulda, Cynthia, and Eliza- 
beth. Flanders C. married Obedience Grigg, and lives in Mont- 
gomery county. He has in his possession a knee-buckle and silk 
stocking that belonged to his grandfather, Daniel Boone. In his 
youth Mr. Barnes was a great swimmer, and from being in the 
water so much he contracted inflammatory rheumatism, from 
whivih he suffers greatly in his old age. 

Bunch. — David W. Bunch, of Kentucky, settled in Montgom- 
ery Co., Mo., in 1826. He married Elizabeth Wright, by whom 
he had fourteen children — Thompson H., John J., William F., 


Lucretia, Patsey A., Sterling L., Lewis W,, Nancy D., Amanda 
J., Hamilton V., Eliza M., David W., Cordelia, and Elizabeth. 

Berger. — Jacob Berger, of Germany, came to America and 
settled first in Pennsylvania, but subsequently removed and set- 
tled in Pittsylvania Co., Va. His sons were — William, Jacob, 
George, and John ; and he had several daughters whose names 
we could not obtain. William was killed in the war of 1812, hav- 
ing volunteered to serve in place of his brother George, who had 
been drafted, and who, being a married man, could not leave his 
family. George married Mary Boatright, of Virginia, by whom 
he had — Thomas A., Jacob, Louisa J., Lucy A., William J., 
Appalana F., Polly, David, Elizabeth, and Marialmnel. Jacob 
and Polly died young, in Virginia. The rest of the children came 
with their parents to Missouri in 1838, and settled in Montgomery 
county. Thomas married Ellen Stone, of Virginia. Louisa mar- 
ried Pleasant Davis, of Missouri. Lucy married Buckner Jeffer- 
son, of Missouri. Appalana married Erasmus McGinnis, of Mis- 
souri. Elizabeth married William Anderson. 

Bowles.— Gideon Bowles and wife, of Dublin, Ireland, were 
.members of the St. James Colony that settled in Goochland Co., 
Va. Anderson Bowles, their son, married Jane Thomas, and set- 
tled in Cumberland Co., Va. Their children were — Caleb, Sarah, 
James, Gideon, Ann, Anderson, Jr., Virginia, Elizabeth, Augus- 
ta, and David. Ann and Gideon died in Virginia. The rest of 
the children came with their parents to Madison Co., Ky., in 
1806, and in 1811 they all settled in St. Louis Co., Mo., where 
Mr. Bowles died the following year. His widow lived until 1834. 
Caleb^'the eldest son, was Judge of the County Court of St. 
Louis county several terms. He was married twice, and finally 
settled in Sahne county, where he died. Sarah mai'ried Stephen 
Maddox, of Virginia, who settled in St. Louis county. They had 
fifteen children. James was a ranger in Captain Musick's com- 
pany,' and was killed by the Indians at Cap-au-Gris in 1814, in 
his 20th year. Anderson settled in Mississippi, where he died. 
Virginia married Richard Ripley, of St. Louis county, and died 
soon after. Elizabeth married Riciiard Sapington, and lives in 
Illinois, a widow. Augusta married Jacilla Wells, who removed 
to Texas and died there. David, tlie youngest son living, was 
married first to Julia Mackay, a daughter of Capt. James 
Mackay, of St. Louis, by whom he had — James A., Jane, Jesse, 
Nathan Z., Mary E., George R., John B., Julia V., Gustave, 
Jefferson R., and David J. Mr. Bowles settled in Montgomery 
county at an early date, and still resides there. He is a tanner 
by trade, Ijut has pursued the avocation of a farmer the greater 
portion of his life, and has prospered in more than an ordinary 
degree. After the death of his first wife he was married, in his 
old age, to the widow Giles, of Lincoln county, and in that con- 


nection his neighbors tell a story on him .to the following effect : 
When he got his new wife home, he was so overjoyed that he 
danced about the room and waved his hat over his head in an 
excess of delight, when he happened to strike the lamp that 
was standing on the mantel, and threw it on the floor, where 
it was dashed to pieces. In a moment the house was on 
fire, and it was only by the most prompt and energetic efforts 
that they were enabled to save it from destruction. Mr. 
Bowles was a great hunter during the earlier years of his 
residence in Montgomery county, and during one winter he 
killed 120 deer, three elk, and 400 raccoons, besides gatheiing 
350 gallons of honey from the various bee trees that he found. 
The same year he killed the famous buck which the hunters had 
named General Burdine, and which had thirty-three prongs on 
his horns. But one day his favorite dog got hung by a grape 
vine in the woods, and he has not hunted much since. During 
the late war he was bold and fearless in the expression of. his 
political sentiments, which were favorable to the South, and on 
that account he suffered severely from the depredations of the 

Brown. — William Brown settled on Clear creek, near its 
mouth, in 1819. He built his house under a high bluff that ran 
parallel with the creek, and cut his fire wood on the top of this 
bluff, and rolled it down to the door of his house. When the 
wood gave out he moved his cabin to another place, and when it 
gave out there he moved it again, preferring to move his house 
rather than haul his wood. 

Cox. — Sirenus Cox, of New York, settled in Montgomery 
county in 1820. He married a daughter of Col. Isaac Van- 
Bibber, and raised a large family. His wife died, and he after- 
ward married the widow of George Bast, and moved to St. 
Joseph, Mo., where they now reside. 

Clements. — Benjamin A. Clements was a soldier of the revolu- 
tion.. He married his cousin, Susan Clements, and they had nine 
children — six sons and three daughters. Two of the sons, Rob- 
ert and David, settled in Missouri. Robert was born in Fluvanna 
Co., Va., January 19, 1783, and is still living in Montgomery 
Co., Mo., in his 94th year, being the oldest man in the county. 
He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and settled in Montgomery 
county in 1842. He married Elizabeth Thomas in 1809, and they 
had eleven children, six sons and five daughters. 

Craig. — Victor Craig, of England, came to America in 1760, 
and settled in Maryland. He had four sons, William, James, 
Robert, and Samuel. William and James lived in Albemarle Co., 
Va. Samuel was drowned in the Susquehanna river. Robert was 
a soldier of the revolutionary war. He was married first to Susan 
Carter, of Virginia, who was afterward killed by the Indians. 


She lived nine days after having been scalped. Mr. Craig was 
married the second time to Sarah Ellington, of New Jersey, by 
whom he had — John, David, Victor, Jonathan, Jacob, Cynthia, 
Nancy, and Sally. Mr. Craig settled in Montgomery county in 
1829, and died the following year. His eldest son, John, mar- 
ried Nancy Cobb, and settled in Montgomery county in 1826. 
He was a blacksmith by trade, and the first one at Danville. In 
1831 he built the Dry den horse-mill, on the Booneslick road, 
below Danville. The mill was run by a cog wheel, and it requir- 
ed three or four hours to grind a bushel of grain. The hermit, 
Baughman, whose histoiy is given elsewhere, carried the stones 
of this mill to his cave, many years after the mill ceased running, 
and arranged them so he could do his own grinding, by hand. 
He still uses the same stones. — Col. David Craig, brother of 
John, settled in Montgomery county in 1817, and is still living, 
in his 87th year. He lived two years, when he first came to Mis- 
souri, with Major Isaac VanBibber, at Loutre Lick. The Colonel 
remembers many amusing and interesting incidents of early days 
in Montgomery county, and takes great pleasure in relating them 
to his friends. When he came to Missouri he brought two black 
cloth suits with him, and one Sunday morning, while staying 
at Major VanBibber's, he dressed up in them and went down to 
breakfast. The clothes made quite a sensation, and VanBibber 
and all his family crowded around to look at them, having never 
seen anything of the kind before. One of the girls came close 
up to Craig, and touched his coat with one of her fingers, and 
then sprang back with the exclamation, " Oh, ain't he nice ! '* 
But her father, who did not relish so much style, replied, " Nice, 
h — 1! he looks like a black-snake that has just shed its old 
skin." Soon after his arrival in Missouri the Colonel paid 
Mrs. Robert Graham a dollar in silver, and made 300 rails for 
her husband, for one pair of wool socks. Aleck Graham, who 
was a little boy then, remembers the splitting of the rails, for 
Col. Craig agreed to give him a picayune (6 1-4 cents) for keep- 
ing the flies off of him while he slept on the logs at noon ; but for 
his life he cannot remember whether he ever paid the picayune 
or not. The Colonel served in the war of 1812, and was in Gen. 
McCarthy's division at the battle of Brownsville. He also serv- 
ed with Nathan Boone in the Black Hawk war, and was elected 
Colonel of militia in 1834. He was married in 1819, to Sarah 
Webster, and they had eleven children — Narcissa, Cynthia A., 
Mary A., Susan T., David, George R., Green, Martha, William 
A., Francis, and James W. — Victor Craig settled in St. Francois 
county. Jonathan and Cynthia lived in Kentucky. Jacob died 
in Ohio. Nancy married Greenberry Griffith, of Pettis Co., Mo. 

Carter. — Peter Carter, of Kentucky, had twelve children. 
Larkin G., one of his* sons, married Judith Jones, and settled in 


Montgomery county, Missouri, in 1819. He was a soldier in the 
war of 1812, under General Harrison, and acted as Colonel of 
militia in Montgomery county for several years. He died in 
1847, having raised thirteen children. 

Crane. — George W. Crane was born in 1792, in King and 
Queen county, Virginia, was married in 1818 to Nancy Gresham, 
of Franklin county, Kentucky, and settled in Montgomery 
County, Missouri, in 1824. He was Assessor of Montgomery 
County four years, and Sheriff eight years. He was a member of 
the Baptist Church, and the first clerk of New Providence Church 
on Loutre. His children were — C. C, Thomas J., Joseph G., 
George W., C. D., Mildred A., Martha E., and Mary. 

Clark. — Henry Clark, of Scotland, emigrated to America, and 
settled in Kentucky, where he married Sarah Jones. They had — 
Benjamin,^ Isaac, John, Henry, Susan, Mary A., and Sally. Ben- 
jamin died in Kentucky, and his widow moved to Boone county, 
Missouri. Isaac Clark was a man of superior talents, and repre- 
sented his county in the Legislature for several terms ; he was 
also Assessor four years. He brought with him from Kentucky a 
set of China ware, the first that was ever in Montgomery county, 
and used it on a puncheon table. He was married first to a Miss 
Campbell, of Virginia, and settled in Montgomery County in 
1819. They had three children — Harold, Cynthia, and Jane. 
Harold died single. Cynthia married Enoch Fruite, who settled 
in Callaway county in 1819. Jane married John French, of Cal- 
laway county. Mr. Clark was married the second time to Mary 
French, and they had — Henry, William, Isaac, Benjamin F., 
Sally, Susan, Polly A., Elizabeth M., and Mary H. Henry was 
married first to Susan A. Talbott, and they had two children. 
After her death he married Catharine Jacobs, and they had one 
son, Henry. William Clark married Elizabeth Snethen, and they 
had eleven children. Isaac died at 18 years of age. Benja- 
min F. married Prudence N. Snethen, and they had six children. 
Mr. Clark is an influential citizen, and an ex- Judge of the 
County Court. Sally Clark married William Knox. Susan A. 
married David Talbolt. Polly died in childhood, and Elizabeth 
died at the age of twenty-two. John Clark, a brother of Isaac, 
was Clerk of the County Court of Christian Co., Ky., for many 
years. He was married first to Lucy Elliot, and settled in Calla- 
vfay Co., Mo., in 1820. His' children by his first wife were — 
Edward, Narcissa, Nancy, Susan, Sally, Jane, Lucy A., James, 
and John. He was married the second time to the widow Sam- 
uels, by whom he had one child, Melvina. He was married the 
third time to the widow of Alexander Read, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Chick, by whom he had — Logan, Isaac, Shelby, 
Elizabeth J., Samuel, Fanny, and Benton,. Mr. Clark was a 
good business man, a kind husband and father, an excellent 


neighbor, and was held in high esteem by all who knew him. 

Carson. — Lindsay Carson came from Kentucky to Missouri in 
1810, with Col. Hale Talbott, who had partly raised and educated 
him. He settled on Loutre Island, but the following year he 
sold out to Colonel Talbott, and moved to the Boone's Lick 
country, where he was killed in 1819, by the falling of a limb 
from a burning tree that he was cutting down. Mr. Carson was 
married twice. By his first wife he had — William, Anderson, 
Moses B., and a daughter who remained in Kentucky. By his 
second wife he had — Robert, Hamilton, Christopher, and four 
daughters. Christopher Carson, called "Kit," became famous as 
an Indian fighter, scout, and army otficer. He was named for 
Colonel Hale Talbott' s eldest son. 

Clare. — There were six brothers and two sisters named Clare, 
who came from Germany with their parents and settled on James 
river in Virginia. The names of the brothers were — Thomas, 
Allen, George, Jacob, Daniel, and Frank. George and Jacob 
married and remained in Virginia. Thomas, Allen, Frank and 
Daniel settled in Pulaski Co., Ky., and Thomas married and died 
there. Allen married Leah Foley, and settled in Lincoln Co., 
Mo., in 1834. Frank and Daniel built a tan yard at Summerset, 
in Pulaski county, and carried it on until the war of 1812 began, 
when they both enlisted in the array, and were together at the 
battle of the Thames, where Frank was killed. After the war 
Daniel married Jane Hansford, of Virginia, and settled in Lin- 
coln Co., Mo., in 1830. He had six cnildren at the time, whose 
names were — Frank, Jacob, Thomas, John, William, .and Mar- 
garet. The rest of the children were born in Missouri, and their 
names were — Susan, Walden, Fountain S., and Horatio. Frank, 
son of Daniel, married Polly Gray, and lived Lincoln county. 
Jacob and Thomas died when they were young men. John mar- 
ried Sarah McClane, and settled first in Lincoln county, but 
afterward removed to Montgomery county. William married 
Sarah Maupin, and died, leaving a widow and six children. 
Margaret was married first to Hiram Palmer, and after his death 
to Armistead Uptegrove, of Montgomery county. Susan married 
John Jameson, of Lincoln county. Walden married Nancy Gil- 
leland, and settled in Montgomery county. Fountain studied 
medicine, and practiced his profession for some time. He then 
went to merchandising ; was subsequently elected Collector of 
Montgomery county, and then Circuit Clerk, which position he 
now holds. He married Hannah Hogue. Horatio married Pollen 
Sitton, and settled in Lincoln county. 

Cope, — James Cope, of East Tennessee, settled in Mont- 
gomery county in 1837. He married a Miss Hutton, of Ten- 
nessee, whose father was a soldier of the war of 1812. On one 
occasion the portion of the army with which he was acting met 


with some reverses, by which it was cut off from its base of 
supplies, and the soldiers were reduced to the verge of starva- 
tion. As a last resort, Mr. Hutton cut off a portion of his horses' 
tail, and ate it, and thus saved his life. The horse seemed to 
experience very little inconvenience from the loss of his caudal 
appendage, and Hutton rode him during the rest of the war. 
The children of James Cope were — Malinda, Hannah, Isabella, 
Samuel W., and Susan, all of whom settled in Montgomery 
county in 1837. Malinda was married in Tennessee, in 1835, to 
John Kizer, a blacksmith, who came to Missouri and settled in 
Troy, Lincoln county, the same year. He remained there two 
years, working at his trade, as a journeyman, for $30 per month. 
He also worked nearly every night, for which he received extra 
wages, and at the end of the two years had saved a small sum of 
money. He then came to Montgomery, and with his own money 
and $50 that he borrowed from the County Treasurer, he bought 
a tract of land, on which he opened a farm, and resided there 
until his death, which occurred in 1869. He hunted a great deal 
during the first part of his residence in Montgomery county, and 
on one occasion killed forty-five deer in a single day. At anoth- 
er time he killed three deer at one shot. He had nine children, 
eight daughters and one son, and his widow and children, six of 
whom are married, still reside in Montgomery county. Hannah 
Cope married her cousin, James Cope. Isabella also mai'ried her 
cousin, John Cope. Samuel W., who became a Methodist min- 
ister, and is now a Presiding Elder in his Church, was married 
twice ; first to Louisa Stewart, and after her death to Jane Scott. 
He lives, at present, in Chillicothe, Mo. Susan Cope married 
David Glover, of New Florence, Montgomery county. 

Crutcher.^— Samuel Crutcher and his wife, E}lizabeth Lee, were 
natives of Patrick Co., Ya. Their children were— Elizabeth, 
Corneha, Frank, Charles, and Samuel. The latter married Naricy 
James, of Virginia, and settled in Lincoln Co., Mo., in 1810, 
from whence he removed to Montgomery county in 1830. Their 
children were — William, John, Sophia, Lucella, and Samuel, Jr. 
John was married first to Clemency White, and after her death to 
Mary J. WiUiams. Sophia married Sandy Jones, who settled in 
Montgomery county in 1831. Samuel, Jr., was married three 
times ; first to Eliza Holladay ; second to a widow named Hol- 
loway, and third to the widow Rardolph, whose maiden name was 
Jane Winter. Lucella married John Darby, who settled in Ran- 
dolph Co., Mo. — Samuel and John Crutcher settled near Middle- 
town, and the first goods sold in the northern part of Montgomery 
county were sold in one end of Samuel's house, in 1836, by Mat- 
thew Willburger and Samuel King. The latter sold out to Samuel 
Crutcher, and Willburger & Crutcher moved their stock of goods 
to the present site of Middletown, into a little log cabin, which was 


burnt soon after, and they were both ruined. Willburger surveyed 
and laid out Middletown in 1836, and John Dugan built the first 
house there. Stewart Slavens owned a part of the land on which 
the town was built. 

Camp. — Hardin Camp, of South Carolina, was of English parent- 
age. He served his country in two of its principal wars — the rev- 
olution and the war of 1812. He married Sarah Hawkins, and 
settled in "Warren Co., Ky. Their children were — Josiah, Thomas, 
Hawkins, Joseph, Sarah, and Elizabeth. Thomas married Sarah 
Middleton, of Kentucky, and settled in Missouri in 1842. He 
died soon after, leaving a widow and nine children. Joseph mar- 
ried Nancy Shackelford, of Madison Co., Ky., and settled in 
Warren Co., Mo., in 1836. His children were — Hiram H., Josiah, 
Mahala, Angeline, Sarah, Elizabeth, Martha, Judith A., and Mary. 
Mr. Camp had intended to settle in Howard, Co., Mo., but when 
he reached Jones' farm, where Jonesburg now stands, his wagon 
mired down, and he concluded to stop there. So he bought land 
in the vicinity, and settled upon it. He was Judge of the County 
Court of Warren Co., Ky., before he left that State. 

Cobb. — Samuel Cobb, of Kentucky, married Magdalene Pever- 
ley , and settled in Montgomery Co. , Mo. , in 1823. They had six 
children — Philip, Samuel, Jr., Adam, Easter, Nancy, and Sally. 
All are dead except Samuel, Jr., who is still living in the 86th 
year of his age. He was married first to Sally Sayler, of Ken- 
tucky, by whom he had ten children. He was married the sec- 
ond time to Lenora Taylor, and they had three children. Mr. 
Cobb belongs to the old-fashioned style of men, and does not be- 
lieve in many of our modern inventions and innovations. His 
brother Adam was a soldier in the war of 1812. He married 
Delilah Bodkin, nnd settled in Montgomery county in 1823^. 
They had ten children. Adam was the great Fourth of July 
orator of his day, and had a glowing speech about George Wash- 
ington, of whom he was an ardent admirer, that he delivered with 
great oratorical effect whenever called upon. We have obtained 
a copy of this speech, and present it elsewhere. 

CuNDiFF. — William Cundiff, of Virginia, settled in Montgomery 
county at a very early date. His children were — Joseph, John, 
William, Jane, Uraney, Elizabeth A., and Polly. Joseph married 
Sally McFarland, of Kentucky. John Married Polly Snethen. 
William died a bachelor. Jane married William Groom, a son of 
Jacob Groom. Polly married Joseph McFarland. Elizabeth A, 
married Nelson Hunter. 

Chapman.— Stephen Chapman, of England, came to America 
when he was only fifteen years of age. When the revolution 
began he joined the American army under Washington, and 
fought throughout the whole war. After the close of the war, he 
married Eliza Floyd, of Virginia, by whom he had — Frank, 


George, William, James, John, Andrew, Isaiah, Benjamin, 
Eachel, and Peggy. Frank was a soldier in the war of 1812. He 
married Nancy Chester, of Virginia, whose father. Dr. Stephen 
Chester, was a surgeon in the American army during the revolu- 
tion. Their children were — Sally, Polly A., John W., James B., 
and Wesley. James B. married Susan Fipps, of Virginia, and set- 
tled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1838. Mr. Chapman was a 
cabinet maker by trade, and before he left his home, in Virginia, he 
made the coffins for the parents of General Joseph E. Johnston, 
who became so celebrated during the late war between the North 
and South. After he came to Missouri Mr. Chapman took up the 
carpenter's trade, and became one of the most rapid workmen in 
his part of the country. He possessed great powers of endur- 
ance, and on one occasion, while building a house for George 
Britt, he worked sixty hours without stopping, for which he re- 
ceived $25 in gold. When he first came to Montgomery county 
there were no roads through the prairies, and the grass was nearly 
as high as his horse's back. When he traveled anywhere he 
would tie a "small log to his horse's tail, and drag it through the 
grass, so it would make a trail he could follow back home. He 
raised his first apple orchard by cutting off small pieces of the 
branches of apples trees, and sticking them in Irish potatoes, 
which lie planted, and the branches grew to be bearing trees. 

Clanton. — Drury and Henry Clanton, of Tennessee, settled 
on a branch called "Pinch,"* about five miles south of Danville, 
in 1818. Drury Clanton was a Methodist preacher, and it was 
at his house that the first Methodist church in Montgomery 
county was organized, by Rev. Robert Baker and himself, about 
the year 1819. A Sunday-school was also organized at the same 
time and place, and the first carap-raeeting in Montgomery 
county was held there, on what was called the Loutre camp 
ground. Drury Clanton married a Miss James, of Tennessee, 
and their children were — John, James, Thomas, William, EUza, 
Nancy, Angeline, Rebecca, and Patsey. — Henry Clanton was 
married twice, and his children were — Wesley, Alonzo, Sally, 
Martha, and Mary. Martha and a negro woman were burned to 
death on the prairie in Montgomery county. 

CoLE.^Mark Cole, of Tennessee, came to Missouri in 1817, 
iind settled in Montgomery county. He married Dorcas Hall, a 
daughter of William Hall, who settled on Dry Fork of Loutre in 
1817. Mr. Cole was a hatter by trade, and the first that settled 
iA Montgomery county. He made "Boss" Logan's famous hat, 
which he wore twenty years. It was composed of twenty ounces 
of muskrat fur, mixed with thirteen ounces of raccoon fur, and 

* Captain John Baker gave the name to this branch, because the people who lived 
upon it were always "in a pinch" for something to live on. 


would hold an even half-bushel. The crown was eighteen inches 
high, and the brim six inches wide. Mr. Cole died in 1854, but 
his widow is still living. Their children were — Stephen H., Will- 
iam C, John W., Henry W., David D., James A., Robert T., 
Marcus L., Jerusha A., Mary M., Elizabeth S., Sarah A., and 
Nancy J., all of whom are still living except James A. and Nancy J. 

CuNDiFF. — Richard Cundiff, the grandfather of the CiindifF 
family of Montgomery county, was killed at the battle of Point 
Pleasant, 1774. His sons, Louis and William, settled in Mis- 
souri, the former in 1818, and the latter in 1819. Louis married 
Elizabeth Towers, by whom he had — Pollv, Elizabeth, Richmond, 
James, Louis, Sally, and Levisa. William married Sally Mad- 
dox, by whom he had — Joseph, James, John, William, Polly, Jane, 
Sally, Maria, and Elizabeth A. 

DiGGS. — Simon Diggs, of Lancaster County, Virginia, had a 
son named William, who married a Miss Goe, of Middlesex 
county, Virginia, by whom he had one son, named Christopher. 
His first wife died, and he was married the second time to Mary 
Seeton, by whom he had — William, Isaac, Simon, John H., Dud- 
ley, Rowland, Barbee, Cole, Nancy, Polly, and P^lizabeth. John 
H. married Sarah Hathawa}', who lived to the age of 103 years. 
Their children were — Lawson, Christopher Y., John H., Jr., Cyn- 
thia, Maliuda, Nancy, Elizabeth, and William C. Lawson and John 
H. , Jr. , were ship carpenters. The former married Sarah Diggs, of 
Virginia, and settled in Missouri in 1834. John H., Jr., followed 
the sea for a number of years, but finally abandoned that dan- 
gerous calling and emigrated to the West. He came to St. Louis 
in 1834, and worked on the first steamboat buill in that city. In 
1339 he settled in Montgomery county, where he still lives. He 
married Jane Jeter, a daughter of Pleasant Jeter, of Richmond, 
Virginia, and sister of the eminent Rev. Dr. Jeter, of that city. 
— Cole Diggs was born February 25, 1791. He served as a soldier 
in the war of 1812, and in 1817 he settled in Kentucky, and mar- 
ried Jane Pace, a daughter of Rev. John Pace, of Virginia. In 
1832 he removed to Missouri and settled in Montgomery county, 
where he still resides (1875), in the 85th year of his age. He 
kept hotel at Danville, for some time after he came to Missouri, 
and served as Justice of the Peace for many years. 

Druky. — Lawson Drury was a native of Worcester Co., Mass., 
but removed to New Hampshire, where he married Elizabeth 
Johnson. Their children were — Lawson, Jr., Charles, and Ruth. 
His first wife died, and he was married the second time. His chil- 
dren by his second wife were — George, John, James, and Sarah. 
Mr. Drury removed from New Hampshire to Ohio, where he 
became Judge of the County Court for the county in which he lived. 
After the death of his second wife he came to Missouri and lived 
with his son Charles, at Danville, where he died in July, 1835, in 


his 65th year. Charles Drury came to Missouri at a very early 
date, and was the second merchant in Montgomery county, Dan- 
iel Robinson being the first. Drury's first store was at Loutre 
Lick, but in 1834 he removed to Danville. He was an honest, 
enterprising man, and was highly esteemed by all who knew him. 
He married Sally A. Wiseman, of Boone county, who was a 
daughter of James Wiseman and Mary Tuttle. Their children 
were — Lawson, James H., Susan B., Charles J., Jarrett, Joseph, 
Andrew M., Richard B., Mary PL, and P^lizabeth. Mr. Drury 
died in Danville in 1848, in his 47th year. Five of his children, 
James H., Jarrett, Joseph, Andrew M., and P^lizabeth, died 
unmarried. Lawson was married twice ; first to ^Margaret Fra- 
zier, and second to Catharine AVilson. He lives in Kansas City, 
Mo. Susan B. (who was the first child born in Danville) married 
Dr. William B. Adams. Charles J. and Richard B. live in Atch- 
ison, Kansas. Mary E. married Capt. Stuart Carkener, of Dan- 
ville. — Joseph Wiseman, a brother of Mrs. Charles Drury, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Robinson, of Callaway county, and became one of 
the early settlers of Danville. 

Davis. — John Davis, of Jonesburg, familiarly known as "Uncle 
John," is the oldest son of the late Thomas Davis, of Shenan- 
doah Co., Va. John was born October 30, 1791, in Shenandoah 
county, and is now nearly 85 years of age. When he was about 
sixteen his parents removed to Bourbon Co., Ky,, and when the 
war of 1812 began, he enlisted in the army and served under 
Generals Winchester and Payne. He was stationed at Forts 
Wayne and Laramie, in Ohio, for some time. In 1820 he came 
to Missouri, and stopped a short time in St. Louis, which then 
had only one principal street, and most of the houses were made 
of square posts set upright, with the spaces between filled with 
straw and mud, the chimneys being built of the same material. 
The court house was surrounded by a post-and-rail fence, and 
young Davis was sitting on this fence when the announcement was 
made that the Territory of Missouri had become a State. From 
St. Louis Mr. Davis went to Pike county, and settled in Clarks- 
ville, where he lived forty-six years. In those days rattlesnakes 
were much more abundant than they are now, and the old pio- 
neers would occasionally go on "snaking" frolics. They alwaj'S 
came back vomiting from the effects of the poisonous smell of the 
snakes. On one occasion Mr. Davis and his neighbors went to a 
knob near Clarksville, and killed seven hundred rattlesnakes in 
one day. This is a pretty large snake story, but it is neverthe- 
less true. Mr. Davis had failed in business in Kentucky before 
his removal to Missouri, but he worked hard for ten years after he 
came here to get money to pay those debts ; and he often says 
that that was the happiest period of his life. Bankrupt and 
exemption laws had not been invented then, and when men 


entered into obligations they generally endeavored to fulfill them. 
For many years after he settled at Clarksville, the population was 
so thin that it required all the men within a cjrcuit of ten or fifteen 
miles to raise a log cabin. At that time the government sold its 
public lands at $2 per acre, payable in four equal installments, 
with interest on the deferred payments. But in 1825 a new sys- 
tem was adopted, and the public lands were sold at $1.25 per acre, 
for cash. Mr. Davis has a son living at Navoo, Illi., who is 62 
years of age ; and his brother-in-law, Rev. Thomas Johnson, was 
Indian missionary where Kansas City npw stands, many years 
ago. His children still reside in that vicinty. 

Davis. — Jonathan Davis, of Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth 
Bowen, and they had six children — James, John, Elijah, Septi- 
mus, Jonathan, and Elizabeth. John and James came to Mis- 
souri in 1800. John was a great hunter and trapper, and spent 
most of his time in the woods, often being absent for months at a 
time. He married Susan Bryan, a daughter of David Bryan, and 
his children were — James B., Jonathan, Joseph C, John H., 
Unicia, and Elizabeth. James, the brother of John Davis, mar- 
ried Jemima Hays, a granddaughter of Daniel Boone, her 
mother being Susanna Boone. After his marriage he returned to 
Kentucky and remained until 1819, when he came back to Mis- 
souri and settled in Montgomery county. His children were — 
John, Elizabeth, Jesse, Susan, Narcissa, Marcha, Daniel B., 
Unicia, and Volney. — Jonathan Davis, brother of James and 
John, came to Missouri in 1820, and married Mahala Hays, a sis- 
ter of his brother James' wife. They had thirteen children, only 
four of whom are living ( 1875. ) 

Davidson. — Alexander Davidson, of South Carolina, married 
Sarah Ellis, and settled in Kentucky', from whence, in 1821, he 
removed to Missouri and settled in Montgomery county. They 
had three children — John, Abraham and Rachel. Abraham was 
married first to Mary Branson, by whom he had twelve children 
— Alexander, Alfred, Abraham, Stout B., Franklin, Hezekiah, 
Elizabeth, Sarah, Rachel, Mary, Louisa, and Martha. His first 
wife died and he was married the second time to the widow Hub- 
bard, by whom he had William and John A. Mr. Davidson was not 
out of the county during the last forty-five years of his life. 

DuYDEN. — David Dryden, of Pemisylvania, married Barbara 
Berry, and settled in Washington county, Va., where he and his 
wife both died. Tlieir children were — Jonathan, David, Na- 
thaniel, William, Thomas, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Mary. Jona- 
than married Fanny Duff, and lived and died in Kentucky. 
David was married twice, the name of his second wife being Jane 
Laughlan. He settled in Blunt county, Tenn. Nathaniel was 
also married twice ; first to Ellen Laughlan, a daughter of Alex- 
ander and Ann Laughlan, but she died without children. Mr. 


Dryden was married the second time to Margaret Craig, a daugh- 
ter of Robert Craig, who was a son of a revoluti6nary soldier, 
and they had — Frederick H., John D. S., Ellen E., Mary R., 
Jane R., Louisa W., Thomas A., Margaret, David C, Caro- 
line, and William P. Mr. Dryden represented Washington 
county, Va., in the Legislature of that State before he came to 
Missouri, and after he settled in Montgomery county in 1829, he 
represented that county in the Missouri Legislature several terms. 
He also held other important positions in the county, and was an 
influential and highly estperaed citizen. He died in 1858, in hia 
75th year ; his widow still survives, in her 83d year. Tho«. Dryden 
built a horse mill near Danville, soon after his arrival in Mont- 
gomery county, which, being something unusual for those times, 
attracted a great deal of attention. It was situated on a high 
point of ground, where the wind had a fair sweep against it, and 
several persons came near freezing to death while grinding grain 
there during cold weather. The capacity of the mill for grind- 
ing was from three to five bushels per day. Mr. Dryden was a 
leading member of the Methodist Church, and strict in his ob- 
servance of its rules ; but one day he needed some whisky for some 
purpose, and went to Danville and procured a jugful of that fiery- 
liquid. On his way back home he met'Rev. Andrew Monroe, his 
pastor, who was bitterly opposed to the use of intoxicating li(iuors 
in any manner, and was very strict in his enforcement of the rules 
of the church against it. Mr. Dryden saw him coming, and won- 
dered what he should do — lie a Steward in the church, with a jug 
of whisky in his hands ! But a happy thought struck him. He 
remembered that Monroe had once entertained the Governor in 
his house at Danville, and had sent to the saloon to get a bottle 
of whisky for his benefit, as he had none in the house, and the 
Governor had called for a stimulant. When they met, Monroe's 
first question was, "Well, Brother Dryden, what is that you have 
got in your jug?" Dryden promptly answered, "It's some 
whisky that I have just purchased for the Governor, who is at my 
house." Monroe saw the point, and let Brother Dryden off 
without a reprimand. Thomas Di-yden, brother of Nathaniel, 
married Elizabeth Craig, and settled in Montgomery county. He 
died in 1874, in his 74th year. 

Davault. — Henry Davault was born in France, but married 
Catharine Maria Grover, of Germany. Thay emigrated to Amer- 
ica about the year 1764, landed near Philadelphia, and settled 
near Hanover, York Co., Pa., where they lived and died. Mr. 
Davault served in the revolutionary war, under General Wash- 
ington. He died at the age of 85, but his wife lived to the 
remarkably old age of 97 years, 4 months and ten days. They 
had the following children — Philip, Margaret, E.izabeth and 
Gabriel (twins), Catharine, Mary, Henry, Valentine, Frederick, 


Julia, and Jacob. Philip was one year old when his parents 
arrived in America. He married Catharine Long. Margaret 
married Samuel Long. Elizabeth married John Kitzmiller. 
Gabriel married Mary Kitzmiller. Catharine married Nicholas 
Keefauver. Mary married Martin Kitzmiller. Henry married 
Kitty Gross. Valentine married Louisa Range. Julia married 
Jacob Warts. Jacob married Rachel Kitzmiller. Philip Davault 
had the following children — Mary, Kate, Margaret, Lydia, 
Louisa, Daniel, and Eliza. One of these children married John 
Harshey, and died in Maryland. Another married William 
Roberts, and lived in Baltimore. Another married William Lan- 
ders and lived in Illinois. Another married John Kitzmiller, and 
lived in Tennessee. Another married Mary Kitzmiller, and lived 
in Tennessee. Another married James Larrimore, and lived in 
Ohio. The children of Frederick Davault were — Henry, Peter, 
David, Mary, Elizabeth, John, Louisa, Kitty, and Samuel. Most 
of these children settled and lived in Tennessee. Henry settled 
in Montgomery county in 1831, and married Virginia Maughs, 
by whom he had — Mary, Elijah, and John. Peter married Mary 
Hays, of Tennessee, and settled in Montgomery county in 1831. 
He conditionally donated the land to the county on which Dan- 
ville now stands. His children were — Henry, Laban, Catharine, 
Frederick, Alfred, John, Emma, Louisa, and Mary V. The 
latter died in childhood. Mr. Davault died in 1872. His sister, 
Kitty, married a Mr. Crawford, of Tennessee, and removed to 
Kansas but afterward died in Missouri. Mary Davault married 
James Duncan, who settled in South Carolina. Elizabeth mar- 
ried Joseph Duncan, and remained in Tennessee. Louisa was 
married twice, to two brothers, named Rankin, and remained in 

DuTTON. — Natley Dutton and wife, of England, settled in 
Maryland some time after Lord Baltimore began to colonize that 
State. Their son, Natley, Jr., was born and raised in Maryland. 
He had a son, named John H. , who was born in 1790. Mr. Dut- 
ton died when his son was eleven years of age, and two years 
afterward his mother had him bound out to learn the ship carpen- 
ter's trade. He worked at that business fourteen years. In the 
meantime his mother had married a Mr. Elton, whose father was 
a Quaker and came to America with William Penn. They had a 
son named Thomas T. Elton, and in 1818, he and his half-brother, 
John H. Dutton, in company with Philip Glover, started to Mis- 
souri. They traveled in a wagon to Wheeling, Virginia, where 
they bought a flat-boat, and loading their wagon and team into it, 
they floated down to Maysville, Kentucky, where they traded their 
flat-boat for a keel-boat, transferred their property to it, and pro- 
ceeded to Louisville. There they sold their boat and came by 
land to Missouri. They located first in St. Charles county, where 


they rented land and lived two years. They then entered land 
on North Bear creek, in Montgomery county, and settled there. 
Mr. Elton married Eleanor Glover, and raised a large family of 
children. He subsequently removed to Grant county, Wisconsin, 
where he now resides. Mr. Dutton married Mary Bruin, of St. 
Charles couhty, whose father settled there in 1808. They had 
— John H., Jr., Eveline, Timothy B., Eleanor, James M., and 
Elizabeth. The two latter lived to be grown, but died unmar- 
ried. John H., Jr., lives in Warren county. Eveline married J. 
B. Shelton, of Montgomery county. Timothy B. lives in Mont- 
gomery City. Eleanor married Edmond F. Adams. John H. 
Dutton, Sr., and his wife were members of the Baptist Church, 
of which he was a deacon for twenty yeai's. He was Justice of 
the Peace for a long time, and Judge of the County Court for 
eighteen consecutive years, twelve years of which time he waS the 
presiding Justice. He was a man of fine business qualifications, 
and was highly esteemed for his many excellent characteristics. 
He died the death of a Christian, June 9, 1853r His widow sur- 
vived him thirteen years. 

England. — Joseph England married Mary Reed, of Virginia, 
and settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1833. Their children 
'were— David, William, Joseph, Jr., James, John, Riley, Eliza- 
beth, and Nancy. James married Elizabeth Russel, who died in 
1874. John died in California, unmarried. The rest of the chil- 
dren married and settled in different States. 

EsTELL. — Benjamin Estell, of Kentucky, married Anna Claugh- 
naugh, and settled in Boone Co., Mo. They had ten children, 
and one of their sons, named James, married Matilda VanBibber, 
daughter of Major Isaac VanBibber, and settled in Montgomery 
county. Their children were — Horatio, EHzabeth A., William 
K., Isaac V., Pantha, Colelia C, Robert G., Jonathan, Arrata, 
James W., Benjamin, and Sarah N. — Philemon Estell, a brother 
of James, settled in Montgomery county, and was married three 

Ellis. — Benjamin EUis settled on South Bear creek in 1815. 
He was a wheelwright and chair maker, and also had a hand-mill. 
He had ten children. — James Ellis settled on Bear creek in 1819. 
He married Elizabeth Bowen, and they had six children — Edmund, 
Benjamin, Leeper, William, Fanny, and Martha. Benjamin mar- 
ried Catharine McGarvin, and now lives in Callaway county. 

Fulkerson. — (This name in the native tongue, was Volkerson, 
but after the removal of the family to America they began to 
spell it as it is pronounced.) James Fulkerson, of Germany, 
came to America at an early date and settled in North Car- 
olina. There he became acquainted with and married Mary Van- 
Hook, and subsequently removed to Washington Co., Va. The 


names of their children were — Peter, James, John, Thomas, 
Abraham, Jacob, Isaac, William, Polly. Catharine, Hannah, and 
Mai-y. Peter married Margaret Craig, and they had — Polly, Rob- 
ert C, James, Benjamin F., Jacob, Peter, Jr., John W., Mar- 
garet, Rachel, David C, and Frederick. Of these children Rob- 
ert C, Benjamin F., and Frederick settled in Missouri. The 
former (Robert C.) was born in Lee Co., Va., August 27, 1794. 
He served as a soldier in the war of 1812, was afterward elected 
Colonel of militia, and took part in the Black Hawk war in 1834. 
He first came to Missouri in 1816, with Major Benjamin Sharp, 
but remained only a short time, when he returned to Virginia, 
where he resided until 1828. During that period he served his 
county for seven years in the capacity of Sheriff, an office which 
at that time was beset with many dangers and hardships, requir- 
ing a man of nerve and determination to discharge its duties. 
So faithful was he in the performance of his labors, that he 
received the special commendation of the Judge who presided, 
by an order entered upon the records of the county. He was 
married in 1827 to Lavinia Dickerson, and the following year he 
came with his family to Missouri. He settled first in Randolph 
county, where he remained only a short time, and then 
removed to Grand Prairie in Callaway county. In 1836 he 
removed to Montgomery county, and lived for a short time on 
the old Isaac VanBibber farm. In 1840 he purchased and 
removed to a farm near Danville, where he resided until his 
death, with the exception of a portion of the years 1851-52, 
when he crossed the plains to Oregon. He served as Treasurer 
of Montgomery county for ten j'ears, and the people never had a 
more faithful and vigilant officer. His first wife died in 1852, 
and the following year he married the widow Davidson, who sur- 
vives him. He had seven children, whose names were — Peter, 
John, Robert, Margaret, Rebecca, Amanda, and Anna. Only 
three of the children are living, two sons, one in Oregon and one 
in Missouri, and a daughter, Mrs. Samuel A. Wheeler, who lives 
on the old homestead near Danville. Colonel Fulkerson died at 
the latter place on the 17th of March, 1876, and was buried in 
the family graveyard, close by the side of a number of the inti- 
mate associates of his earlier life. Ttie funeral ceremonies wei'e 
conducted by the Masonic fraternity, of which he had long been 
an honored member. He had also been a member of the Meth- 
odist P^piscopal Church, South, for a number of years, and died 
in the full faith of the Christian religion. 

Freeland. — Nelson Freeland, of Virginia, married Myra 
Woodruff, settled in Montgomery county in 1828, and died the 
same year. Their children were — Sultana, John W., William M., 
Mace D., Ann, Amanda, and Hiram. — William F., a brother of 
Nelson Freeland, married Susan Woodruff, and settled in Mont- 


gomery county in 1828. They had — Robert, Charles, Amanda, 
and Eveline. 

Farrow. — The parents of George Farrow came from Scotland, 
and settled in Fauquier Co., Va., where George was born. He 
was a soldier of the war of 1812. He married a Miss 
Massey, and they had — George, Jr., Nimrod, John, and 
Benjamin — also two daughters. Benjamin married Lucy Smitb, 
of Virginia, and they had — John P., George, Mortimer, Joseph, 
Margaret, Sarah, Liney M., Mary L., and Amanda M. John P., 
Sarah, and Margaret came to Missouri. Sarah married William 
Brownii.g, and settled in St. Charles county, but afterward re- 
moved to Lincoln county. Margaret married James B. Barton, and 
settled in St. Charles county. John P. was married in Virginia, to 
Susan M. Smith, and settled in St. Charles county in 1836. He 
subsequently removed to Troy, where he was employed in a store, 
and in 1844 he settled in Montgomery county, where he was 
elected Judge of the County Court, and held the office for twenty 
years. He afterward removed to Crawford Co., Mo. 

Fipps. — William Fipps, Jr., son of William Fipps and Rebecca 
Kendrick, of Washington Co., Va., married the widow of John 
King, whose maiden name was Barbara A. Stroup. They removed 
to Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1836, where Mr. Fipps died in 1857, 
at the advanced age of 11 1 years. He had voted for every President 
from Washington down to Lincoln. He had twelve children — 
John, Mary A., Sarah, Elizabeth, Rachel, William, Jr., George, 
Joseph, David, Robert, Susannah, and Margaret — all of whom 
lived to be gx'own except Robert, who died when he was fifteen 
years of age. John, David, Sarah, Susannah, Joseph, and 
Mary, all live in Montgomery county. Mrs. Fipps died last 
spring, at the residence of her son, Joseph, three miles west of 
Montgomery City, aged 106 years. She lived to see the fourth 
generation of her descendants, and at her death she left surviv- 
ing her six children and one hundred forty grandchildren of the 
second, third and fourth generations. Her youngest child was 
born when she was in her 54th year. She had been a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church for 53 years, and was a consistent 
Christian woman, dying in the full faith of that religious belief. 

FiTZHUGH. — Richard Fitzhugh was born in North Carolina, but 
while he was a boy his parents removed to Davidson Co., Tenn., 
where he was raised. He married Mary Watson, who was also 
born in North Carolina and raised in Tennessee. They came to 
Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1818, and settled on the east side of 
Loutre creek. Mr. Fitzhugh was a hard-working man, and he 
and his son Hopkins sawed a great deal of lumber with a whip- 
saw, and sold it in Danville. He once met with a misfortune by 
which he had several of his ribs broken, and after that he would 
eat nothing but milk and muih, which he imagined kept the 


broken ribs in tlieir places. His children were — Hopliins, Mary 
A., Matilda, Louisa J., John S., Thomas B., and Catharine. 

Ford. — Calvin Ford came from Ireland, and settled in Char- 
lotte county, Virginia, where his son Hezekiah was born. The 
latter married Ann Garrett, by whom he had thirteen children, 
eleven of whom he raised. Their names were — Calvin, James, 
Claiborne, Laban, Marley, Thomas, William, Elizabeth, Morning, 
Susan, and Martha. William, James, Elizabeth and Martha came 
to Montgomery county with their mother, who was a widow, in 
1835. William was married first to Martha A. Eperson, of Vir- 
ginia, and after her death he married Margaret H. Nettle. 
James was married first to Mary Robinson, and after her death he 
married the widow Natton. Elizabeth married John Buster, of 
Virginia, who settled in Montgomery county in 1835. Martha 
married Simeon Hovey, of Virginia, and after his death she waa 
married the second time to Andrew Britt, of Virginia. 

Farthing. — William Farthing, of Albemarle county, Virginia,, 
married Polly Vaughn, and settled in Kentucky. They had — 
Sarah, Elizabeth, William, John, Thomas, and Shelton B. Sarah 
married James Hunt, who settled in Montgomery county in 1836. 
Elizabeth married William P. Hill, of Kentucky, who also settled 
in Montgomery county in 1836. William married Nancy Wood, 
and settled in Iowa. John married Luccna J. Moran, and settled 
in Missouri City, Missouri. Shelton B. married Lucy A. Glenn, 
and settled in Montgomery county in 1836. 

FrsHER. — Solomon Fisher, of Virginia, married Mary A. Petty, 
by whom he had — Adam, George, William, John, Solomon, Jr., 
Eunice, Maxmillian, Parthena, Selemer, and Emmarilla. All of 
the family came on a keel-boat to Louisiana, Missouri. Adam 
married Dulcinea Powers, of Virginia, and settled in Pike county, 
in 1824. They had Mary A., Sally, William P., and Joseph. 
William P. married and lives in ^Montgomery county. George 
Fisher died in California, and Solomon died in the United States 
army. Mr. Adam Fisher laid off the town of Frankford, in Pike 

Gray. — George Gray, of Scotland, emigrated to America pre- 
vious to the revolution, and when that war began he joined the 
American army and served during the entire struggle. He had 
several brothers in the British army during the same war. Before 
leaving Scotland, he married Mary Stuart, and they settled first 
in Philadelphia, but afterward removed to North Carolina, and 
from there to Bryan's Station in Kentucky. Here tiieirson Joseph 
married !Mary Finl y, and settled in Warren county, Kentucky. 
In 1818 he removed to Missouri, and settled on Brush creek in 
Montgomery county, where he died in 1830. His children were — 
Hannah, William, Isaac, George, Sarah, Rachel, James, and Mary. 


Hannah married Asa Williams, who was an early settler of Mont- 
gomery county. William, Isaac and George married sisters, 
named Price, of Kentucky. William had three children, who 
settled in Missouri after the death of their parents. Isaac and 
George also settled in Montgomery county, but the latter removed 
to Clark county in 1837, where he still resides. Sarah married 
Stephen Finley, who settled in Wisconsin in 1846, Rachel mar- 
ried John P. Glover, who settled in Oregon. James married 
Margaret Williams, of Ohio. Mary married Presley Anderson, 
who died in 1848, and who was Sheriff of Montgomery county at 
the time. He left a widow and five children, who still live in 
Montgomery county. 

Gentry. — David Gentry, of Virginia, married Jane Kendrick, 
and settled in Madison county, Ky. They had — Bright B., 
Pleasant, David, Dickey, Martin, Bailey, and five daughters. 
Bright B. married Martha Jones, and they had — James, Margaret, 
David, Jonathan J., Eliza, Susan, Albert, and Fanny. David set- 
tled in Montgomery county in 1833, and married Polly A. Groom. 
Jonathan also settled in Montgomery county in 1833, and mar- 
ried Elizabeth McFarland. 

Groom. — William Groom, of England, emigrated to America, 
and settled in Kentucky, where he married Sally Parker. They 
had — Abraham, Isaac, Moses, Jacob, Aaron, Susan, Elizabeth, 
and Sally. All except Susan came to Missouri. Abraham and 
Isaac settled in Clay county. Jacob and Aaron settled in Mont- 
gomery county in 1810. Jacob was a ranger under Captain Cal- 
laway, and, in company with Jackey Stewart, was scouting in the 
woods the day Callaway was killed. A man named Dougherty 
was killed the same day, at Salt Peter Cave, not far from Groom's 
farm. After they had killed him the Indians cut his body into 
pieces, and hung them on a pole. As Groom and Stewart 
approached the cave, they discovered the horrible spectacle, and 
about the same instant were fired upon by the Indians. Both 
horses were wounded, Stewart's mortally, and he also received a 
a gunshot wound in his heel. After running a short distance, his 
horse fell, and soon expired ; and he* being unable to walk, on 
account of his wound. Groom generously helped him on to his 
own horse, and they both succeeded in making their escape to Fort 
Clemson. Groom was an uneducated man, but generous hearted 
and possessed of strong common sense. He was a leading poli- 
tician of his day, a Democrat of the Andrew Jackson stripe, and 
was elected to the Legislature several times. He was a member 
of the first State Legislature, which met in St. Charles in 1821-2. 
He dressed in a buckskin suit, wore a band of hickory bark around 
his hat, and always had independence enough to express his hon- 
est convictions on every subject that came up for discussion. 
We give several characteristic anecdotes of him elsewhere. He 


married Sally Quick, and they had — Aaron, Maria, William, Lu- 
cinda, Sally A., and two other daughters, one of whom married a 
Mr. Hubbard and the other a Mr. McGarvin, all of whom lived 
in Montgomery county. 

Gill. — Samuel Gill, whose father lived in Maryland, settled in 
Virginia, where he was married twice, one of his wives being a 
Miss Kidwell. His sons, James and Presley, came to Missouri in 
1831. The former settled in Callawaj'^ county, and married 
Matilda Dames, by whom he had eight children. Presley settled 
in Montgomery county, and lives at New Florence. He learned 
the trade of a gunsmith, and is also a doctor. 

Graves. — Peyton Graves, of Pittsylvania county, Virginia, 
married Charlotte Pinkard, and they had nine children Jane, the 
eldest, married Thomas Jefferson, a nephew of President Jeffer- 
son. William, John, and Washington, sons of Peyton Graves, 
came to Missouri and settled in Montgomery county. WilUam 
married Lucy Berger. John married Mildred George. Wash- 
ington married Melcina Berger. The rest of Peyton Graves' 
children, with the exception of one, lived and died in Virginia. 

Graham. — John Graham, of Kentucky, married a Miss 
Dugan, and they had— Robert, John, Alexander, Catharine, and 
Isabella. Alexander died in Kentucky, and John died in Mis- 
sissippi. Catharine married Tocal Galbreth. Isabella married 
Alexander Collier. Robert, who was a physician, married Isa- 
bella Galbreth, a daughter of Tocal Galbreth by his first wife, 
and settled in Montgomery county in 1816. He bought a Span- 
ish grant of land, situated on Loutre creek, from Daniel M. 
Boone, and built an elm bark tent upon it, in which he lived four 
years. The Doctor was a very small man, but of determined 
will and a nerve that could not be shaken. He was a staunch 
Democrat, a voluminous reader, and a great admirer of Benja- 
min Franklin. He was the only phj^sician in that part of the 
country at that time, and had as large a practice as he cared to 
attend to. He was fond of hunting, and devoted much of his 
time to that occupation. One day a large wolf got caught in one 
of his steel traps, broke the chain, and dragged the trap away 
with him. The Doctor, Joseph Scholl, and Major VanBibber 
tracked the wolf and came upon it where it had gone into the 
creek and was struggling in the water. Graham waded into the 
creek for the purpose of killing the wolf with his knife, when it 
caught one of his hands and bit it nearly off; but he succeeded 
in killing it. On another occasion the Doctor and a party of 
hunters ran a large bear into his cave, and tried to smoke 
him out, but could not succeed, and finally shot him. After the 
bear was dead the Doctor was the only one of the party who had 
nerve enough to crawl into the cave and drag the carcass out. 
Wolves were plentiful then, and one day while out hunting he 


killed thirteen of them. — The chilrlren of Dr. Graham were — 
John F., Alexander W., James W., Benjamin R., Robert D.. 
Franklin D., Doctor F., Patrick H., Maria, Catharine, and 
Clara A. 

Glenn. — James Glenn and his wife, Sarah Grigg, with their 
two children, James and Nellie, came from Ireland to America, 
and settled in Virginia. After their settlement there the follow- 
ing children were born — Polly, WiUiam, Thomas, and Whitehill. 
Mr. Glenn and his three sons, William, Thomas, and Whitehill, 
moved to Ohio ; the rest of the children married and settled in 
Kentucky. James, William, and Thomas were in the war of 
1812, and the former was killed at the battle of New Orleans. 
The other two were with the armies that operated in Canada and 
the northern part of the United States. After the war Thomas 
married Lucinda T. Kendall, of Kentucky, and came to Missouri 
in 1815. He came in a wagon, which contained, in addition to 
his family and furniture, a set of wheel- Wright's tools, a gun and 
a dog. Mr. Glenn settled first on Cuivre river, but made 
about twenty settlements in all before he could find a location to 
suit him. These were all within the present limits of Montgomery 
county. He was a great hunter, and during the first year 
of his residence in Missouri killed fifty-six deer, one elk, and 
one bear. The names of his children were — Julia A , Emily H., 
Sarah E., James M., and WilUam I. 

Godfrey. — George Godfrey lived at Ritford, England. His 
son Peter married Dorothea Learey, of P^ngland, by whom he 
had — Thomas, John, Edward, George, Charles, and Mary. 
Thomas came to America and settled in Canada. John went to 
California, and died on his return to England. Edward lives in 
Mercer county, Pa. George married Mary Ostick, of England, 
and settled in Pittsburg, Pa., in 1830, in St. Louis in 1836, and 
in Montgomery county, where Jonesburg now stands, in 1838. 
His children are — Mary A., George, Edwai-d, William O., John 
W., Henry M., and James A. Mary A. married Rev. George 
Smith, a Methodist minister, who came to Montgomery county in 
1836. Mr. Godfrey has been a devoted Methodist for many 
years, and a leading member of his church. His brother Charles 
settled in Louisville, Kentucky, and his son, Charles, Jr., lives in 
Fulton, Mo. 

Gammon. — Benjamin Gammon, of Madison county, Va., mar- 
ried Sarah Maddox, and settled in (now) Montgomery county. 
Mo., in 1812. They had — John, Henry, Anderson, Stephen, 
Jonathan, Benjamin, Jr., Harris, Elizabeth, Julia, and Sarah. 
John, Anderson, and Benjamin all died unmarried. Jonathan 
married Martha Dickerson, and lives on Hancock's Prairie, in 
Montgomery county. Sarah married Alfonzo Price. The other 
children married and settled in different States. Mr. Gammon, 


Sr., built a hand-mill on his farm, which was the first in that pai't 
of the country, and it supplied his own family and his neighbors 
with meal for some time. The meal for his own family was gen- 
erally ground just before it was required for use, and he allowed 
two ears of corn for each individual ; but one day Jacob Groom 
took dmner with them, and they had to grind three ears for him, 
as he was very fond of corn bread. The grinding was done by 
the . children, and it was said that Mr. Gammon "broke all his 
■children at the mill." 

Greenwell. — John Greenwell, of Kentucky, had a son Joseph, 
who married a Miss Taylor, and they had — Ellen, Richard, 
Joseph, Jr., John, and William. Richard was married first to 
Eveline Raymond, of Kentucky, and second to Mrs. Counts, 
whose maiden name was Rachel Davidson. The rest of the chil- 
dren married and remained in Kentucky. 

Hughes. — Major Thomas Hughes, of Bourbon county, Ken- 
tucky, married Lucy Tandy, and their children were — AVilliam, 
Gabriel, Thomas, Henry C., Elliott M., James and Susan T. 
The Major's first wife died, and he subsequently married her sis- 
ter, who was a widow at the time. Major Hughes held the posi- 
tion of Justice of the Peace, in Paris, for forty years, and 
all his decisions were sustained by the higher courts. He 
also represented Bourbon county in the Kentucky Legislature. 
His eldest son, William, married his cousin, Margaret Hughes, 
and settled in Boone county, Missouri. Elliott M. received a 
classical education, and came to Missouri when a young man, and 
taught school in and near Danville for several years. He then 
Feturned to Kentucky, where he married Jane S. McConnell, and 
soon after came back to Montgomery county, where he remained 
until his death, which occurred on the 14th of January, 1862. 
He exercised a large influence in his community, and was a genr 
eral favorite with all who knew him. He was fond of prff^tical 
jokes, was full of wit and humor, and became a prominent mem- 
ber of the Evanix Society of Danville. The names of his chil- 
dren living in 1876, are — Blanche A., Duncan C, Susan C, 
ElHott M., Jr., R. H., Arnold, and Tandy. Elliott M., Jr., is 
Prosecuting Attorney of Montgomery county, and is a rising 
young lawyer, with a promising future before him. 

Hunter. — This name in German is Yager, but when translated 
it means Hunter. Andrew Hunter, and his wife, of Germany, 
came to America and settled in Greenbriar county, Virginia, 
where they had — John, Tobias, Philip, William, Peter, Elizabeth, 
and Sarah. Peter, who changed the family name from Yager to 
Hunter, married Mtirg&ret Wood, and settled in North Carolina 
in 1816, and in 1819 he and his family and liis two sisters, Sarah 
and Elizabeth, came to Missouri and settled in Montgomery 
county. The change of the name was the cause of the family 


losing a large estate in Germany, as tlie heirs could not be traced 
after the change was made. Peter's children were — James, Rob- 
ert, Andrew, Ephraim, William, John N., Ti.lesOn, Nancy, and 
Elmira. All married and lived in Montgomery county. 

Hall. — William Hall and Elizabeth Hicks, who was his second 
wife, came from East Tennessee and settled in Montgomery 
county in 1817. Their children were — Sarah, Elizabeth, Dorcas, 
Nancy, Laney, David, and Henry. Sarah married John Morrow,, 
and they had thirteen children. Elizabeth married Elijah Wad- 
dell. Dorcas married Mark Cole, who was the first hatter in 
Montgomery county. Nancy Hall married John R. Crawford, 
who built his cabin in Montgomery county, in 1818. Among 
others who were present and assisted him to raise the cabin, were 
Daniel Boone and his sons Nathan and Jesse. Lewis Jones killed 
the game and cooked the dinner, and found a bee tree not far dis- 
tant, from which they obtained fresh honey for their dinner. 
Crawford was noted for his ability to tell humorous yarns, and 
entertain a crowd. Laney Hall married Ephraim Hunter. 
David married Fanny Morrow. Henry married his cousin, Polly 

Howard. — Charles Howard, of Halifax county, Virginia, mar- 
ried Nancy Lewis, and settled in Warren county, Kentucky. One 
of their sons, named Joseph, married MaHnda Lennox, and settled 
in Montgomery county, Missouri, in 1818. Their children were — 
Sylvesta, Cynthia E., Elijah, Rachel, Estelle, Cordelia, and 
Malinda. Mr. Howard's first wife died, and he was married 
again to Phoebe Baylor, by whom he had John and George. She 
also died, and he married a lady named McCormack, by whom 
he had — Greenup, Nancy, and Matilda. He was married the 
fourth time to Sydney Hall, by whom he had Joseph W. and a 
daughter. He was married the fifth time to Nancy Bladenburg, 
but they had no children. 

Harper. — Capt. John Harper was a native of Philadelphia, and 
followed the sea for many years after he was grown. In 1750 he 
settled in Alexandria, Va., where he died in his 87th year. He 
was married twice, and had twenty-nine children, eighteen sons 
and eleven daughters. Charles, the youngest son by his first 
wife, married Lucy Smither, who was of Scotch descent, and by 
her he had two children. He was married the second time to a 
Miss January, by whom he had nine children. The second son 
of his last wife, whose name was Charles B., was born in Culpep- 
per Co., Va., in May, 1802. He was married in 1823 to Anna 
C. Price, of Pittsylvania Co., Va., and settled in Montgomery 
Co., Mo., in 1830. He was engaged in merchandising at Dan- 
ville for five years, and one year on his farm. He brought the 
first demijohns to Montgomery county, and sold a great many as 
curiosities, most of the inhabitants having never seen anything of 


the kind. Soon after his arrival in ]\rontgoraery he went over to 
Callaway county, one clay, to get a load of corn, and wore his 
usual every-day clothes, made of home-spun cloth. On his way 
back the road led him by a house where Jabe Ham was preach- 
ing, and he stopped to hear the sermon. During the services the 
minister called on the congregation to kneel in prayer, and all 
knelt except Mr. Harper, who leaned his head upon his hand, 
and remained in that position. Ham noticed him, and prayed 
that the Lord would bless "that Virginia man, who had on store 
clothes, and was afraid or too proud to get down on his knees." 
Mr. Harper represented his county four years in the State Senate, 
and has always been a good citizen, tie had eight children. 

Ham. — Stephen Ham lived and died in Madison Co., Ky. He 
was the father of John, Jabez, and Stephen Ham, Jr. John was 
born in Kentucky in 1786, J*nd came to Missouri in 1809, and set- 
tled in St. Charles county. He joined Nathan Boone's company 
of rangers, and served during the Indian war. In 1816 he and 
Jonathan Crow built a bark tent on Auxvasse creek, now in Cal- 
laway county, and lived in it for some time, while they were en- 
gaged in hunting. They were, therefore, probably the first 
American settlers within the limits of Callaway county. Ham cut 
his name on a lone tree in the prairie, which has since borne his 
name. He was a Methodist preacher. He was married twice, 
first to a Miss Bennett, by whom he had two children. She died 
when the children were quite small, and their father took them to 
their relatives in Kentucky, performing the journey on horse- 
back, with one of the children before him and one behind. Wiien 
he came to water courses that were deep enougli to swim his 
horse, he would tie one of the children on the bank, swim across 
with the other, tie it, and go back for the one he had left. He 
afterward married a Miss Thomas, and they had six daughters. 
Mr. Ham was a daring hunter, and there were but few who pos- 
sessed nerve enough to follow him in all his adventures. He once 
smoked a bear out of its cave and then knocked it in the head 
with an ax. In 1823 he built a house on the Auxvasse, about 
five miles above its mouth ; and the following year the big over- 
flow came and washed away his smoke house, filled with bear and 
deer meat. He followed it in a soap trough, which he used as a 
canoe, and overtook the floating house where it had lodged 
against a large elm tree. He took his meat and hung it in the 
tree, and when the water subsided he had to cut the tree down in 
order to get his meat. Mr. Ham subsequently removed to Illi- 
nois, where he died in 1869. — Jabez Ham, brother of John, was 
born in Madison Co., Ky.,in 1797, and came to Missouri in 1817. 
He had no education, was of a roving disposition, and did noth- 
ing for several years but hunt and fish. His mind was naturally 
bright, and if he had been educated he would have made a re- 


markable man. Rev. Aley Snethen and Lewis Jones taught him the 
alphabet and learned him to read, and in 1824 he began to preach, 
having united with the Old or Hard Shell Baptist Church. In 
1826 he organized a church of that denomination on Loutre 
Creek, and called it New Providence. For some time after he 
began to preach he always carried his gun with him when he 
went to church, both on week days and Sundays, and often killed 
deer on his way to and from his preaching places. He also man- 
ufactured powder, which he had a ready sale for at high prices ; 
and by this means and from the proceeds of his rifle he made a 
living and did well. He was a large, stout man, and often added 
emphasis to his opinions by the use of his fists. On a certain 
occasion he forgot th6 text that he had intended to preach from, 
and when he arose in the pulpit he announced the fact by saying 
to the congregation that he had a text when he left home, but had 
lost it, and he had looked for it, and Hannah (his wife) had 
looked for it, but they could not find it; but to the best of 
his belief it was "somewhere in the hind end of Job, or there- 
abouts, and it went about this way — ' Do any of you all know 
the good old woman they call Mary, or Sal of Tarkus, who 
said you must not put new wine in old bottles, for the bot- 
tles will bust and the good stuff will all be spilled.'" Mr. 
Ham often compared his sermons to an old shot-gun loaded 
with beans, which, when it went off", was almost sure to hit some- 
body, or somewhere. He died in Callaway county in 1842, and 
was buried at New Providence Church, in Montgomery county. 
His wife was Hannah Todd, of Kentucky, and they had fourteen 
children. — Rev. Stephen Ham, brother of John and Jabez, married 
Jane Johnson, of Kentucky, and came to Missouri in 1828. He 
settled in Montgomery county, where he still lives, in his 72d 
year. He also is a Baptist preacher. He had eight children, and 
John and Hardin Ham, the well known and popular merchants of 
Montgomery Citj^, are his sons. 

HuDNALL. — ^William Hudnall, of England, married Fannie Mc- 
George, of Ireland, and their children were — John, Thomas, 
William, and Richard. The latter was a soldier of the revolu- 
tionary war. He married a Miss Cresey, and they had a son. 
Jack, who settled in Missouri in 1835. William was married 
twice. By his first wife he had — Polly, Catharine, Lucy, and 
Elizabeth. He was married the second time to a widow, whose 
maiden name was Nancy Williams, and by her he had — Jabez, 
Samuel, Patsey, Nancy, Parthena, Susannah, and WilUam R. 
Catharine and Lucy married and settled in Howard Co., Mo. 
Samuel (now living in Callaway county) married Julia A. Hewett, 
and settled in Montgomery county in 1837. He got a good 
ducking in Loutre creek, one day, in the following manner. He 
was sitting on his horse, about the middle of the creek, talking to 


Ned Hudnall and William Elliott, who were engaged in a playful 
scuffle on the bai k. Ned finally threw Elliot into the water, 
which amused Hudnall so that he became convulsed with laugh- 
ter, and rolled off of his horse into the creek. He happened to 
roll into deep water, and had to swim to the bank, while his horse 
swam out on the other side. Mr. Hudnall says he will never for- 
get the first deer he killed. The weather was very cold, and 
the deer froze fast to him while he was carrying it home on 
his shoulder. AVhen he got to the house he had to build a fire 
and thaw it before he could get away from it. — Susannah Hudnall 
married William Elliot, who settled in Missouri in 1835. 

Harding. — Alexander Harding, of Halifax Co., Va., married 
Mary Hightower, and they had — Archibald, Anna, Benjamin, 
Elizabeth, Mary, and Sally. Mr. Harding died in 1816, and his 
widow married Josiah Rodgers, and moved to Alabama. Archi- 
bald married in Virginia, and settled in Missouri in 1833. Anna 
married James Anderson, and settled in Montgomery county in 
1833. Benjamin served in the war of 1812. He married Mary 
Nunnelly, of Virginia, and settled in Montgomery county in 
1831. They had but one child, who died when nineteen years of 


Hensley. — Samuel and Benjamin Hensley were sons of an 
English family that settled on the Potomac river in Virginia, 
at an early date. Samuel married a Miss Landers, and 
they had Samuel, Jr., and William. His first wife died, 
and he was married again to Susan Taplett, by whom he had 
several children. William, son of Samuel, Jr., by his first wife, 
married Elizabeth Appleberry, of Virginia, and they had — James, 
Benjamin, William, Jr., Thomas, Fleming, Judith, and P^lizabeth. 
James, William, Jr., Thomas, and Fleming came to Montgomery 
county in 1826, and all except Thomas afterward married and 
settled in Jefferson Co., Mo. Thomas Hensley was born in Albe- 
marle Co., Va., in 1796, and when eighteen years of age he en- 
listed as a soldier in the war of 1812. He afterward married 
Harriet Rust, who was a daughter of Samuel Rust and Mary Lee 
Bailey, who was the daughter of James Bailey and Nancy Smith. 
Mr. Hensley with his wife and four children, embarked in a keel 
boat of his own make, on the Pocotalico river, and floated down 
to the Big Kenhawa, and thence to the Ohio, on their way to Mis- 
souri. They reached Louisville in safety, but just below that 
place their boat sank, and it was with the greatest difR oulty that 
they succeeded in reaching the shore in safety. Here they built 
a cabin and remained one year, in order to recruit and build 
another boat. At the end of that time, their boat being com- 
plete, they re-embarked and proceded on their journe}'. When 
they reached the Mississippi they found the current so strong that 
they could not stem it, so Mr. Hensley gave his boat away, em- 


barked his goods and furniture on a French barge, and conveyed 
his family by land to Jetferson Co., Mo., where they remained 
one year, and then settled in St. Louis county, seven miles from 
the city of St. Louis. Here he entered 80 acres of land, which 
he still owns, and which has become very valuable. Mr. Hensley 
and his wife had nine children, and they now reside in Montgom- 
ery City, Mo. He has been a Baptist minister for many years, 
having made a solemn promise while on a bed of sickness, which 
he expected would be his last, that if allowed to recover he 
would go to preaching and devote the remainder of his life to the 
service of the Lord. He recovered, and has faithfully kept his 
promise. His courtship and marriage were somewhat romantic, 
and happened i.n this wise, as related by Mrs. Hensley herself: 
The first time she ever saw him he stopped at her father's house 
to inquire the way to a place he was trying to find, and during 
the conversation she stepped to the door, dressed in a home-made 
striped lindsey dress, with a frying pan in her hand, from which 
she was sopping the gravy with a piece of bread. The next day 
Mr. Hensley returned, lost again ^ and made some additional in- 
quiries. A week from that time he came back again, but not to 
see her father. This time he wanted to know if she was engaged 
to anybody else, and if not, how she liked his looks. His inqui- 
ries were satisfactorily answered and it was only a few 
weeks until the minister's benediction was given to help them on 
their way through life. 

Haslip. — Robert Haslip was a native of Maryland, but settled 
and lived in Virginia. He had two sons, Samuel and John. The 
latter was a soldier in the war of 1812. He married Lucy John- 
son, hy whom he had — Robert, James N., Samuel, John, William, 
Malinda, Jane, Elizabeth, and Polly. James N. settled in Mont- 
gomery Co., Mo., in 1838, His wife was Esther Clements, by 
whom he had ten children. Robert, brother of James, settled in 
Lincoln county in 1837, and in 1860 he was killed by a wagon 
running over his body. 

Henley. — Hezekiah Henley, of Virginia, had a son named 
Thomas O., who was married first to Martha Bugg, by whom he 
had — WiUiam, Samuel, Thompson, John, Nancy, Martha, and 
Polly. After the death of his first wife he married Mary Hern- 
don, by whom he had — Allen, AVilson, Thomas, Archibald, 
Schuyler, Sarah, Lucinda, Amanda, and Catharine. Samuel was 
married twice, and settled in St. Charles county. Allen settled 
in Montgomery county in 1838. He married Lucy Thomas, and 
they had ten children. 

Hughes. — Thomas Hughes, of Abingdon, Va., settled in Ten- 
nessee, where his son, William, married Sallie Green, and settled 
at Middletown, Montgomery county, at an early date. They had 
thirteen children. 


Harris. — James Harris, of Wales, married his cousin, a Miss 
Harris, and settled first in the eastern part of Virginia, 
but afterward removed and settled in Albemarle county. Their 
children were — Wise, Tliomas, Joel, James, and Nathan. Thom- 
as married Susan Darby, of Virginia, b}' whom he had — Anna, 
Elizabeth, Garrett, William, Robert, Mary, Sarah, and Thomas, 
Jr. Anna and Elizabeth came to Montgomery county, and the 
latter married' Bernard B. Maupin. Garrett married Jane Ram- 
sey, and settled in Montgomery county in 1837. Their children 
were— William R., Mary B., Anna J., Garrett T., Margaret M., 
Sarah E., and Susan D. William R. is an influential citizen of 
Montgomery county. He is at present Probate Judge, has 
served eight years as County Judge, and several terms as Repre- 
sentative in the Legislature. He is a substantial, upright citizen, 
and enjoys the confidence and respect of all who know him. He 
married Margaret N. Bethel, of Virginia. — Joel, son of James 
Harris, Sr., married Anna Waller, by whom he had — Clifton, Ira. 
and Joel, Jr. Clifton married Mary Lewis, by whom he" had 
Decatur, who married his cousin, Isabella Harris, and settled in 
Montgomery county. — Waller C, Charles W., Mann H., Merri- 
wether L., Susan, Catharine B., Matilda and Caroline, chil- 
dren of Ira Harris, settled in Montgomery county. — William, 
son of Thomas Harris, Sr., married Pateey Maupin, and settled 
in Montgomery county ; also his brother Thomas, who married 
Elizabeth Turk. 

Henton. — Jesse Henton of Logan Co., Ky., was in the war of 
1812. He married Sarah Hughes, of Kentucky, and settled in 
Pike Co., Mo., in 1827, His children were — John, James L., 
William, David, Wesley S., Rolla W., Mary J., Benjamin, Sarah 
A., Elizabeth E., and Harriet D. Rolla W. married P^lizabeth 
L. Jamison, of Pike county, and settled in Montgomery. Sam- 
uel, son of John Henton, settled in Pike county in 182G. He 
married Mary Estens, and subsequently settled in Montgomery- 

HiCKERSON. — John Hickerson, of Fauquier Co., Va., married 
Elizabeth Baker, and their son, Thomas, came to Missouri in 
181G, as teamster for John Ferguson, who settled in Darst's Bot- 
tom. In 1818 Hickerson moved to Montgomery county and 
settled on the west bank of Loutre creek, near Loutre Lick. He 
soon after married Susan VanBibber, daughter of Major Isaac 
VanBibber, by whom he had thirteen children — Melissa, Thomas 
A., James, Isaac V., Robert L., Alfonzo, and Susan J. The 
other six children died in infancy. — Ezekiel Heckerson, a brother 
of Thomas, married Elizabeth Hayden, of Kentucky, and settled 
in Pike Co., Mo., in 1823, and in 1827 he removed to Illinois. 
His children were — Elihue W., William B., Nancy A., Jamas, 
Samuel, Silas L., Joseph L , and Miry A. Silas L. married 


Jane Allen, of Callaway county, and now lives in Mexico, Mo. 
Hopkins. — The parents of Price, William, John and Patsey 
Hopkins, were natives of Queen Anne county, Va., but settled 
a"nd lived in Bedford county. Their children married and lived 
near the old home place, in the same county. Price was married 
twice ; first to a daughter of Rev. James Price, a pioneer preacher 
of Virginia, and second to a Miss Slater. By his first wife he had 
WilUam M., John, Ann, and Sally ; we have no record of tlie 
names of his children by his second wife. William M. was born 
July 14, 1802, and was married to Nancy Hudnall, of Bedford 
county, in 1832. In 1837 they bade farewell to their native place, 
and started toward the setting sun to find a new home. T!iey 
settled on Loutre creek, in Montgomery county, near Bryant's 
store, in the fall of the same year, and Mr. Hopkins set diligently 
to work in the cultivation and improvement of his farm. He was 
an industrious, honest, upright man, and enjoyed the esteem and 
respect of his fellow-citizens in the highest degree, who manifested 
their confidence in him by repeatedly electing him to tlie impor- 
tant position of Justice of the Peace. He was an excellent farmer, 
and rarely ever complained of short crops or hard times, as his 
barns and cribs were always full of grain, and his stock never had 
to live on short allowances. He i-emained on his farm on Loutre 
until 1855, when he removed to a farm near Montgomery City, 
where he resided until his death, which occurred on the 11th day 
of August, 1875. He became a member of the Baptist Church 
some twenty years before his death, and ever afterward lived a 
consistent Christian life, doing all he could for the cause of mor- 
ality and religion in his community. He took an active interest 
in everything that promised to advance the good of the people 
with whom he had cast his lot, and when he was called away his 
neighbors felt that they had lost a friend and counsellor whose 
place could not easily be filled. His widow and six children sur- 
vive him. He had nine children in all, but three preceded him 
to the grave. By his frugality and industry he was enabled to 
leave his family in good circumstances, and they can now attribute 
the prosperity which they enjoy to his kind and fatherly interest 
in their future welfare. 

Hance. — Adam Hance was born in Coblin, a French province 
of Alsace, and, as usual with the people of that country, spoke 
both German and P^nglish. He came to America and settled 
near Germantown, Pa., in 1722, where he married a German lady, 
and raised a large family. His younger son, also named Adam, 
married a Miss Stoebuck, of Pennsylvania, in 1768, and settled in 
Montgomery county, Va. When the revolutionary war began, 
fired by the prevailing patriotic feelings of the day, he joined the 
American array under Wasliington, and served during the entire 
war. He was in the battles of Brandy wine, Yorktown, and several 


others, and experienced a great deal of very hard service. He 
had six children, viz, — Henry, Peter, Martha A,, Priscilla, Will- 
iam, and John, Henry was Sheriff of his native county for a 
number of years, and afterward became a successful merchant in 
Newburn, N, C. Peter was married first to Elizabeth Harper, of 
Virginia, by whom he had — Mary, Anna, Margaret, Sabrina, Will- 
iam, and James, After the death of his first wife, he married 
Mrs, Juliet Hewett, whose first husband was drowned in Kentucky 
about 1815, By her he had — Robert, Elizabeth, Harvey, and 
Juliet, Mr, Hance settled in Montgomery county. Mo,, in 1829, 
on what is now the Devault place, (Children of Peter Hance.) 
Mary never married, and died in Virginia at the age of sixty 
years, Sabrina manied Isaac C, Bratton, of Virginia, who settled 
in Greenville, Tennessee, in 1831, and while living there had a 
suit of clothes made by Andrew Johnson, who afterward became 
President of the United States. Mr. Bratton settled in Mont- 
gomery county, Missouri, in 1833. Several of his children 
live in Kansas, and his son, Peter, who is a great fox 
hunter and conversationalist, lives near Montgomery City. 
Anna Hance married Dr. Samuel H. Gordon, of Gor- 
donville, Va., who also settled in Greenville, Tenn., in 1831, 
and had a suit of clothes made by Andrew Johnson, In 1836 he 
removed to Missouri, and settled in Montgomeiy county, where 
he practiced medicine and taught school for a number of years. 
In 1846 he removed to St, Louis. His children were — Philip 
Doddridge, James H., Nathaniel D,, Mary E,, Louisa H., and 
Isabella V. Margaret Hance married William H, Alexander, of 
Tennessee, who settled in Montgomery county in 1833. His 
children were^ — Robert, Elizabeth (Mrs. J. P. Busby), Thomas, 
Marston, and James G, AVilliam Hance settled in Illinois about 
1825, and raised a large family, James Hance settled at the 
Virginia lead mines, Franklin county, in 1838, where he married 
Evelina Hurst, and died soon after. They had one son, James 
R,, who was born after the death of his father, and is now an en- 
terprising merchant of Montgomery City, Robert Hance married 
and settled in Rushville, 111., and is supposed to have been killed 
in the Confederate army. Elizabeth Hance married Rev. Jacob 
Siegler, a Methodist minister, and a merchant at Shelby ville. Mo., 
by whom she had three children. Harvey Hance married Mary 
Caplinger, and settled in Hannibal, Mo., where he died. Previous 
to his death he was intimate with Samuel L. Clemens, better 
know as Mark Twain. Juliet Hance married John Marmaduke, 
at that time a merchant in Shelby ville. Mo. , but at present a res- 
ident of Mexico, Mo. (Children of John Hance.) John, the 
son of Adam, and brother of Peter Hance, married Kittie Hewett, 
and settled in Montgomery count}^ Mo., in 1832. Their chil- 
dren were — Henry W., Charles, Edward, Virginia C, Jane, 


Martha, and Meleina. Henry W. lives in St. Louis. Ciiarleswas 
in the Confederate army during the late war, and lost an arm. He 
is at present County Clerk of Randolph county. Edward is a 
painter by trade. Virginia C. married Joseph C. Brand, and is 
now a widow, living in St. Louis. Jane married a Mr. Freeman, 
and died at Glenwood, Mo. Martha married Benjamin Douglas, 
a farmer of St. Louis county. Meleina married Charles Lewis of 
St. Louis county, and is now a widow. 

Hudson. — John Hudson and his wife, who was a Miss Allen, 
liA'ed in North Carolina. They had six sons — Isaac, Drury, 
Thomas, William, John, and Jesse. Drury and Isaac were in the 
revolutionary war. The latter settled in Georgia, where he mar- 
ried Polly Shipper. He afterward removed to South Carolina, 
and from thence, to Kentucky, and in 1818 he came to Missouri. 
The names of his children were — Elizabeth, Nancy, Sally, John, 
Thomas, William, and Charles. Elizabeth married Lemuel Cox. 
Nancy married Garrett Ingram. Sally married James O wings. 
John was married three times ; first to Lucinda Morris, of Ken- 
tucky; second to Nancy HoUoway, and third to a widow lady 
named Carolina W. King. Thomas married Poll}' Hammond, and 
settled in Pike county. Charles and William married sisters, and 
settled in Lincoln county. William's first wife died, and he after- 
ward married Sarah Hamlet. 

Ingham. — Jonathan Ingram married Barbara Mennefee, of Vir- 
ginia, and settled in Logan Co., Ky. Their children were — 
Rhoda, Jonas, Samuel, Garrett, James, Anna, Polly, and Bar- 
sheba. Garrett married Nancy Hudson, and settled in Pike Co., 
Mo., in 1818. Their children were — Polly, John, Barbara, Eliza- 
beth, Jonathan, Samuel, Nancy, and Sally. — Rhoda Ingram set- 
tled in Indiana, and James and Polly in Illinois. 

Jacobs. — John Jacobs, of Germany, came to America and set- 
tled in Virginia, where he married Sarah Crawford. Their chil- 
dren were — David, John, Peter, William, Elizabeth C, and Susan 
H. William married Margaret A., daughter of Daniel McDaniel 
and Mary Anderson, who were natives of Pklinburg, Scotland. By 
her he had— Charles A., George R., Mary, Anna, Sallie, Sophia, 
and Catharine H. Mr. Jacobs died in Virginia in 1828, and in 
1831 his widow removed to Missouri and settled in Montgomery 
county, where she died in 1850. Charles, who was. a wealthy 
merchant of New Orleans, died without marrying. George R., 
who was a physician, married Louisa Parsons, of Virginia, and 
settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1831, but subsequently 
removed to Boone county. Mary and Anna died single, in Mont- 
gomery county, one in 1843 and the other in 1844. Sophia mar- 
ried Dr. Gorge Y. Bast, of New Florence. Catharine H. married 
Henry Clark, Sr. 

Jones. — Ezekiel Jones, of Buckingham Co., Va., married Rhoda 


Gill, and they had — James, John, Andrew, Polly, Nancy, and 
Sallie. John married Anna Herron, and lived in North Carolina. 
They had eight children. Andrew was married first to a Miss 
Wilson, daughter of a Congressman of that name from South 
Carolina. He was married four times in all, and lived in Arkan- 
sas. Polly married John Lapping, and they had five children. 
One of their sons married and had thirteen daughters. Nancy 
married Joseph Tate, of North Carolina; Sallie married .Jesse 
Orr, of North Carolina. James married Elizabeth Wardlow, 
daughter of Patrick Wardlow and Esther Connor, both of Ire- 
land, but who settled in Buckingham Co., Va., previous to the 
American revolution. He was married in 1811, and settled in 
Montgomery county, where Jonesburg now stands, in 1329. The 
town was named for him, and he was the first postmaster at that 
place. He also kept hotel and the stage office, and after the 
railroad was built he was ticket agent for some time. He had 
seven children — Calvin, Julia A., Patrick, Luther, Thomas, Will- 
iam, and James F. 

Jones. — Richard Jones, who was born in England, married a 
Miss Love, and settled in Botetourt Co., Va. He was a member 
of the Baptist Church, but had to give a hogshead of tobacco 
every year for the support of the Episcopal Church. The names 
of his children were — William, John, and Silas. William married 
Elizabeth Metcalf, and settled first in Shelby Co., Ky., from 
whence he removed to Missouri and settled on Darst's Bottom, 
St. Charles county, in 1818. In 1820 he removed to Callaway 
county, and built a horse-mill, under the shed of which the Bap- 
tists held religious services for a number of years. The mill 
was kept by his son, WiUiam M., who afterward became 
a Baptist preacher, and is now a merchant at Montgomery City. 
William Jones' children were — Jane, Richard, Elizabeth L., 
Susan, William M., Minerva, Maria, JMartha, and Narcissa. 
Jane married Robert Saylor. Richard married Unicia Davis. 
He afterward died of consumption, and the day before his death 
he was taken to the creek, on his bed, placed in a rocking-chair, 
and baptixed, chair and all, by Jabez Ham. — Elizabeth L. Jones 
married William McCormack. William M. married Elizabeth 
Jones, and they had twelve children, one of whom, Judge Robert 
W. Jones, has been Judge of the Probate Court of Montgomery 
county, and is now editor of the Standard at Montgomery City. 
— Minerva married Anderson Hunter. Maria married Martellus 
Oliver. Martha married Benjamin Proctor. Narcissa maiTied 
William Metcalf, of Kentucky. 

Jones. — William R. Jones was born in the State of Georgia. 

His father's name was John Jones, and the maiden name of his 

mother was Robinson. William R. came to Missouri in 1819, a 

single man, and settled in Montgomery county, where he was 



married the same year to Mary Whitesides, by whom he had — 
John H., James H., Amanda, Mary M,, Emeline, Nancy J., Will- 
iam R., Jr., Sylvesta M., Samuel A,, Thomas S., and Perry S. 
All the children, except three, who are dead, live in Montgomery 
county. Mr. Jones was a Methodist preacher. 

Knox. — David Knox was born in Ireland, in 1700. He had a 
son named Andrew, who was born in 1728. In 1732 Mr. Knox 
came to America, bringing his little son with him, and settled in 
Philadelphia county, Pa. Andrew married Isabella White, of 
Pennsylvania, and they had — Robert, David, Martha, James, 
John, William, Mary, and Andrew, Jr. JMr. Knox was a soldier 
in the revolutionary war, and having taken an active part in the 
events of the day, a reward was offered for him, dead or alive, by 
the British authorities. On the night of the 14th of February, 
1778, he was at home visiting his family, and during the night his 
house was surrounded by a party of Tories, who had come to 
capture him for the reward. They announced their presence by 
firing a volley of balls through the door, and tlien broke it down* 
with the breeches of their guns. But before they could effect an 
entrance, Mr. Knox and his son Robert met them with drawn 
sabres, and laid about them so vigorously that they were soon 
glad to retreat, with several of their party bleeding from the 
gashes and cuts they had received. Some American troops in the 
vicinity were notified of the attack, and immediately started in 
pursuit. Several of the wounded were captured, as they could be 
easily traced by the blood on the snow ; but the rest made their 
escape. Those who were captured were tried by court-martial, 
condemned as spies, and shot. David, son of Andrew Knox, was 
born in Pennsylvania in 1760. He married Isabella Caldwell, of 
Charlotte county, Va., and settled in Mercer county, Ky. Their 
children were — William, George, Mary, Andrew, John C, 
Robert, Davis C, James, Samuel, Benjamin F., and David R. 
William was born in Mercer county, February 3, 1792. He en- 
listed as a soldier in the war of 1812, and in 1818 he settled in 
Montgomery county. Mo. On the 18th of December, 1828, he 
married Sarah Clark, and the children resulting from this mar- 
riage were — David F., Mary I., Isaac H., William S., and Davis 
R. David F. married Catharine Davault, who died in 1875. He 
has been Sheriff of Montgomery county several times, and is a 
prominent and influential citizen. Mary I. married Dr. D. F. 
Stevens, of New Florence. Isaac H.- was married first to Sarah 
Clark ; second to Elizabeth Clark, and third to Caroline Snethen. 
Davis R. married Alice Dyson. 

King. — Isaac King, of Germany, settled in Wythe county, Va., 
and married Barbara Stroup (late Mrs. Fipps, of Montgomery 
county. Mo.), by whom he had one son, John P. The latter 
settled in Montgomery county in 1835, and married Susan Steph- 


enson,- a granddaughter of James Heller, of revolutionary fame, 
and who was at the battle of Bunker Hill. 

King. — Isagic King, of South Carolina, married Lydia Sitton, 
and settled in Tennessee. Their children were — Joshua, Abraham, 
Sarah, and Joseph. Joshua, Abraham, and Sarah settled in Lincoln 
county, Mo., in 1817. Joseph married Elizabeth Yates, and 
settled in Montgomery county, in 1823. They had six children — 
Conrad, Isa^c, John, Charles, and Sarah. Mr. King built a horse 
mill, which was run principally by his wife. He took a great deal 
of interest in politics, and was elected Justice of the Peace and 
Captain of militia. 

Kerr. — The father of William Kerr, whose name was Thomas, 
died when he was six years of age. They were originally of Vir- 
ginia, but at the time of Mr. Kerr's death they were living in 
Mercer county, Ky. William was bound out by his mother, who 
did not feel able to raise him ; and in 1827 he came to Mont- 
gomery county. Here he married and had— James H. H., 
George W., Elizabeth, William A., John T., Melissa C, Benja- 
min, Sophia, WilUam, Douglass M., and Milton. Two of the 
children are dead, and all the others, except one, who resides in 
Lincoln county, live in Montgomery county. William Kerr was a 
stage driver for sixteen years, on different routes, but most of the 
time on the route between Fulton and St. Charles, over the 
Booneslick road. He was one of the best drivers that could be 
found, and his services were sought by all the contractors. 
The horses were herded on the prairies, like cattle, when they 
were not in use. 

Leavell. — Edward Leavell, of Virginia, married Elizabeth 
Hawkins, and settled in North Carolina. Thev afterward re- 
moved to Garrard Co., Ky., where they both died. Their children 
were — Benjamin, Joseph, James, John, Edward, Nathan, Mary, 
Nancy, Elizabeth, Catharine, Sally, and Mildred. Benjamin, 
Joseph and John lived in Kentucky. Nathan died in North Caro- 
lina. James married Rebecca Stinson, who cut the throat of a 
mad wolf, that had bitten her father, while he held it. Their 
children were — Margaret, Elizabeth, Jane, Julia A., William H., 
James M., Benjamin F., and PMward. Margaret married John 
Stephens. Ehzabeth married Randolph Boone. Jane married 
Mr. Carnifix. Julia A. married M. B. Snethen. William H. was 
married three times. James M. died single. Benjamin F. mar- 
ried Sarah Nunnelly, and they had one child, James. Edward 
married Rhoda Sallee. Mildred, daughter of Edward Leavell, Sr., 
married Nicholas H. Stephenson, of Kentucky, and is now a widow 
in her 8Gth year. Mr. Stephenson and his family started to Missouri 
in 1813, on horseback, but after crossing the Ohio river they pur- 
chased a wagon and traveled in that some distance, when the roads 
became so bad that they could use it no longer. They then sold 


the wagon and performed the rest of the journey on horseback, 
arriving in St. Charles county in 1814, liaving been on the road 
one year. Mr. Stephenson settled first in Howell's Prairie, where 
he built a tanyard, and in 1818 he removed to Montgomery 
county. He had two children, James and Mildred A. — Thomas D. 
Stephenson, a brother of Nicholas, settled in Howell's Prairie, 
St. Charles county, in 1812, where he married Mary Pitman. In 
1844 he removed to Warren county, where he died. He was 
County Judge and Justice of the Peace for some time, and was an 
influential citizen. 

Leach. — John Leach, of England, settled in Prince William 
Co., Va. His son William was married first to Fanny George, 
and they had Henry and Fanny. He was married the second 
time to Martha Clark, by whom he had William, Reason, Louisa, 
Martha, and Mary E. Henry married Frances Horton, and set- 
tled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1830. They had two sons and 
eight daughters. Fanny married John Robinson, who settled in 
Montgomery county in 1830. William died in infancy. Mary 
also died young. Reason, Laura, and Martha settled in Mont- 
gomery county. 

Lewis. — Edwin Lewis, of North Carolina, pitched his tent in 
Montgomery county in 1830. He married Elizabeth Evans, by 
whom he had — Wormlej', Mary, Edward, Francis, Hiram, Bent- 
ley, Susan, Ann, and Lucretia. Mr. Lewis' first wife died and 
he afterward married Mrs. Rebecca Wallpool, a widow, by whom 
he had — Thomas, James, Elizabeth, Amanda, Margaret, Caroline, 
and Jane. 

Lawson. — Henry Lawson, of Shelby Co., Ky., married Rebecca 
Lewis, by whom he had — Henry, James, Joseph, William, John, 
Cynthia A., Mary, Laura, Rebecca, and Nancy. Mr. Lawson 
settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1822. He and his wife were 
present at the organization of Macedonia Church, on Cuivre, of 
which they became members. 

Lewis. — JEsop Lewis, a blacksmith, was of English parentage, 
and lived in the State of New York, from whence he removed to 
Vermont. The names of his children were — Rufus, Benjamin, 
Eli, Chandis, Salina, and Hannah. Rufus, who was a cooper by 
trade, married Elizabeth Gilbert, of Connecticut, and moved 
with his parents to Ohio in 1816. They went from there to Ken- 
tucky, and in 1819 they came to Missouri in keel-boats, landing 
at St. Genevieve. They settled in Washington county, and in 
1839 Rufus Lewis, with his wife and son, Enos W., came to 
Montgomery county. They had three children besides Enos 
W., viz.: Mary A., George W., and Elizabeth. The latter was 
married first to Commodore C. Lewis, and after his death she 
married Joseph Charles. Mary A. and George W. married and 
settled in Missouri. Enos W. lives in Montgomery county, and 


is a substantial, well-to-do farmer, fond of fun and frolic, and 
nearly always has a joke to tell on somebody. He married the 
widow Cotes, whose maiden name was Nancy Smith. 

Lewelt.yn. — Jacob, son of Samuel Lewellyn, had a son Samuel 
who settled in Pike Co., Mo., at a very early date, and died in 
1837. He left a son, John W., who married Jane Trabue, of 
Kentucky, in 1824, and had ten children, nine of whom are still 
living. Mr. Lewellyn lived for some time in Clarke Co., Mo., 
where he was Judge of the Count}' Court for eight years. He 
settled in Montgomery county in 1839, having lived in St. 
Charles county in 1818, and in Pike county in 1820. 

LoYD. — William Loyd, of Wales, emigrated to America, and 
at the commencement of the revolution he sided with the Ameri- 
cans and enlisted in their army. He settled and lived in Vir- 
ginia. His son William married Mary Hill, and they had — Kirt- 
ley, Richard, William, Willis, Robert, James, Anna, Mary, 
Sarah, and Margaret. Kirtley lived in Virginia until 1860, when 
he removed to Missouri. Richard married Mai'tha Ellis, and 
settled in Montgomery county in 1838. William married the 
widow Davault, whose maiden name was Virginia Maughs. Rob- 
ert married the widow Brown, whose maiden name was Cynthia 
A. Bush. James, Sarah, and Margaret lived in Virginia. Anna 
married James D. Wood, who settled in Missouri in 1835. Mary 
married Thomas Nunnelly. 

Logan. — Hugh Logan was born in Ireland. At the age of four- 
teen years he had a difficulty with his father, and ran away from 
home and went to sea. He followed the life of a sailor for three 
years, and then landed at Pliiladelphia, and made his wa}' from 
there to Kentucky, during the first settlement of that State. He 
married Rebecca Bryan, a sister of Jonathan, David and Henry 
Bryan, who had been raised by her aunt, Mrs. Daniel Boone ; her 
mother having died while she was young. Their children were — 
William, Alexander, Hugh, Jr., Henry (called "Boss") and Mary 
A. Mr. Logan was drowned in Fleming's creek, Ky., while 
attempting to swim a race horse across the stream, and his body 
was not found until twenty-four hours afterward. The night 
before his death he had a singular premonition of his approaching 
fate, in a dream, in which the catastrophe of the following day was 
clearly depicted. He related the dream to his wife, who tried to 
persuade him not to go near the creek tliat day ; but he laughed 
at her for being scared at a dream, and met his death as above 
stated. William Logan, the eldest son, married Nancy H. 
Hoblis, daughter of Joseph Hobbs and Nancy Hughes, and came 
to Missouri in 1820, with his wife and one child, on horseback. 
They had twelve children in all. Mr. Logan died in 1852, but his 
widow is still living, on the old place in Teuque Prairie, in her 
8l8t year. Her memorj' is bright as ever, and she takes great 


pleasure in relating incidents and adventures of early days in Mis- 
souri and Kentucky. She still has her wedding dress, which is 
made of home-spun cloth and striped with copperas. — Alexander 
Logan married Elizabeth Quick, and settled in Callaway county, 
Missouri, in 1817, but the following year he moved and settled 
on South Bear creek, on the line between Warren and Montgom- 
ery counties. He was a man of iron constitution, and could en- 
dure the greatest extremes of cold and heat without apparent 
inconvenience. His will was as strong as his constitution, and he 
governed his family and everything that came under his control 
with the strictest discipline. One day he accidentally killed a 
fine donkey, for which he had paid $500, while trying to teach it 
" horse sense " with a clapboard. — Hugh Logan married a Miss 
Massey, and settled in Warren county. He was very fond of 
hunting, and became subject to rheumatism from exposure in the 
woods. Bst he was cured one day by an adventure with a bear, 
which is related elsewhere. — Henry Logan came to Missouri when 
he was quite a boy, and at the age of fourteen he accompanied 
Daniel Boone and John Davis on a hunting expedition to Grand 
river. His father having died while he was young, he was bound 
out to learn the tanner's trade, and when he became able, he 
opened a tanyard in Montgomery county, and carried on the 
business for many years. He was more eccentric than any of the 
other boys, and many amusing anecdotes are related of him. He 
was a member of the Old Baptist Church, and a regular attendant 
upon religious services. He would often carry his hat full of 
grapes to church and pass them around to the ladies and children 
during services. In warm weather he went barefooted, with his 
pants rolled up nearly to his knees ; and it is said that he courted 
his wife barefooted. He asked her father, Jacob Quick, for her 
hand, late one Sunday night, long after the family had retired to bed. 
It seems that, about twelve o'clock, he obtained the consent of his 
sweetheart, and immediately knocked at the door of her father's 
sleeping room, in order to secure his sanction. Mr. Quick, startled 
at the unexpected summons, sprang up and demanded what was 
wanted, to which Logan replied in a loud voice, "I want your 
daughter Sally." The old gentleman, who was vexed at the dis- 
turbance and the abruptness of the demand, replied angrily, 
" Take her and go to the d — 1 with her." Mr. Logan wore a hat 
for twenty years that was made by Mark Cole, out of raccoon and 
muskrat fur. It would hold an even half-bushel of corn, and its 
owner frequently used it to measure grain with. He once had a 
bushel of seed corn that he was saving for a neighbor, when 
another neighbor caihe along one day and wanted it, but Logan 
told him he could not have it unless he would prove himself to be 
the better man of the two. The neighbor said he was willing to 
try, and so they went at it on a big pile of tan bark. The result 


was that Logan lost his corn. Late one night, a stranger stopped 
at his house and begged to stay all night, when Logan gave him 
the following characteristic reply: " No, sir, you can't stay aZ? 
night at my house, but if you feel like it you may spend the bal- 
ance of the night with me." Notwithstanding his eccentricities, 
he was a kind-hearted man and a good neighbor, and was 
respected by all who knew him. Two years ago he started to 
California to visit one of his sons, and not long after the train had 
left Omaha he fell fr jm the car and was killed. 

McFarland. — Joseph McFarland, of Ireland, came to America 
before the revolution, and settled at Norfolk, Va. He joined the 
American army when the war broke out, and was killed in battle. 
He left a widow and one son, Robert, who settled in Madison Co., 
Ky., where he married Rhoda Quick, and they had — Sarah, 
Joseph, and Rachel. Mr. McFarland's first wife died, and he 
subsequently married Eva Farmer, of Virginia, by whom he 
had — Eleanor, Lucinda, Elizabeth, Permelia, Eliza, and Robert. 
Joseph McFarland settled in Montgomery county in 1825. He 
married Polly Cundiff. Lucinda married James McGarvin, of 
Montgomery county. Eliza married Jonathan G. Gentry. 

Morrow. — Daniel Morrow, a soldier of the war of 1812, mar- 
ried Fanny Hall, and settled in South Carolina, but afterward 
removed to Tennessee. Their children were — John, Fanny, 
Sarah, and Elizabeth. John married Sarah Hall, and settled in 
Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1816. They had — William, Bethel C, 
John H., David P., James A., Washington J., Lucinda, Eliza- 
beth, and Sarah M. 

Massey. — Thomas Massey, Sr., married Nancy Hill, of Ken- 
tucky, and settled in Montgomery county in 1809, and in 1813 
he settled at Loutre Lick, having obtained permission to do so 
from Nathan Boone, who owned the land on which the Lick is 
situated. His son, Thomas, Jr., was a ranger in Boone's com- 
pany. There were eleven children in all, viz. : Israel, Thomas, 
Jr., Harris, Ann, Agnes, Sally, Nancy, Matilda, Elizabeth, and 

Maupin. — Gabriel Maupin, eldest son of Thomas Maupin, of 
Albemarle Co., Va., married Anna Spencer, by whom he had — 
John, Thomas, Joel, Clifton, David, Arthur T., Susan, Nancy, 
Polly, Rosana, and Patsey. Arthur T. and Joel married and 
settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1838. 

McGiNNis. — John McGinnis and his wife came from Ireland, 
and settled first in Virginia, from whence they removed to Ken- 
tucky. Their son, Greenberry D., married Sallie Lewis, of Ken- 
tucky, and settled in Lincoln Co., Mo., in 1832. His children 
were — EHzabeth, Margaret B., William B., Jane, Nancy, Thomas 
S^, Maria, Milton, Sarah E,, and Mary E. Milton married Mar- 


garet Williams, and settled in Pike county. Elizabeth married 
Enoch Sevier, and lives in Lincoln county. William B, married 
twice and settled in Illinois. Jane and Nancy died single. Sarah 
E. married John Harris, and settled in Illinois. — Samuel, son of 
John McGinnis, Sr., was married twice, and by his first wife he 
had — John, Dora, Samuel, Jr., Polly, and P^lizabeth. He was 
married the second time to Mrs. Mary McGinnis, by whom he 
had, Erasmus T., WiUiam, and Jesse G. P>asmus was married 
first to Miss Stewart, and second to Fanny Berger. He lives 
in Montgomery county. William also married a Miss Stewart, 
and lived and died in Montgomery county. 

Mabrey. — Cornelius Mabrey, of Pittsylvania Co., Va., was a 
mill- Wright by trade. He was married twice, but of his first wife 
and her children we have no account. His second wife was 
Polly Chaney, by whom he had — Patsey, Pleasant, Letitia, Eliza- 
beth, Polly, and Philip. Mr. Mabrey moved to middle Tennes- 
see and lived there several years. He afterward settled in Logan 
county, Ky., where, after a residence of several years, he was 
drowned. In 1828 his widow and her children came to Missouri, 
and settled in Lincoln county, where she died two years after- 
ward. The eldest daughter, Patsey, married George Huss, who 
also settled in Lincoln county. Pleasant married Barsheba 
England, and is now living in Pike county. He had seven chil- 
dren, five of whom live in Montgomery count3^ Letitia married 
James Eidrum, of Kentucky. Elizabeth married Shelton Cobert. 
Polly married Elbert Enert. The three latter all live in Lincoln 
county. Philip, who lives in Montgomery county, was married 
twice ; first to Polly Uptegrove, and second to Eliza J. Hughes. 
He is a carpenter by trade, and has done well in his battle with 
life. In his younger days he was very intimate with Dr. McFar- 
land, of Troy, and they went to all the quiltings and dances 
together. They were both very tall men, and the lofts of the 
cabins had to be taken out before they could dance without strik- 
ing their heads against the boards. When the dance was over 
they would assist in replacing the loft. Young men and women 
often came to these frolics barefooted ; but they generally 
went prepared with buckskin, from which they made moccasins to 
dance in, before the dance began. 

McCarty. — Ezekiel and Ira McCarty were sons of James Mc- 
Carty and Jane Harding, of Virginia. They settled in Clark 
county, Kentucky, in 1806, where they lived and died. They had 
twelve sisters, all of whom married and settled in Kentucky. 
Ezekiel was a soldier of the war of 1812, and was in the battle 
known as Dudley's Defeat. He married Elizabeth Sidebottom, of 
Kentucky. Their children were — Shelton A., Eli, James, Sally, 
George W., John W., Joseph K., and Alfred S. Mr. McCarty 
removed to Missouri and settled in Danville in 1836. He died 


in 1866, and his wife in 1873. Elli, George W., and Alfred are 
the only surviving children. George W. is a Justice of the Peace 
and a prominent citizen. Ira McCarty, brother of Ezekiel, mar- 
ried a Miss Moore, of Kentucky, and settled in Boone county, 
Mo., where he raised a family of seven children. 

Maughs. — Nathaniel Maughs was of Loudon county, Va. His 
children were — David, William, John, Moses, Elijah, Stephen, 
Vinson, JNIary, Sally, and Eli. Mr. Maughs removed from Vir- 
ginia to Fleming county, Ky., and his children all came with him. 
David and William were Baptist preachers, and the former settled 
in Lincoln county, Mo. Elijah married Mary Smith, by whom 
he had — Mordecai M., Milton M., Sophronia F., Lucinda S., 
Elijah C, Daniel M., and Mary S. V. Mr. Maughs died, and his 
widow married his brother Stephen, who settled in Montgomery 
county. Mo., in 1822. They -had — Jerry S. D. S., and George 
M. B. Mordecai Maughs, who was a physician, was married first 
to the widow Jane Scott; second to Dorothea Stephenson, and 
third to Lizzie Offutt. He had sixteen children in all. The Doctor 
was an educated, intelligent man, full of wit and humor, and very 
fond of practical jokes. He lived at Danville for many years, 
but finally removed to Callaway county, where he died. Sophro- 
nia Maughs married Dr. William Proctor, of St. Louis. Mary V, 
S. was married first to Henry Davault, and second to Willis Loyd, 
both old settlers of Montgomery county. Jerry died a bachelor 
in Montgomery county. George M. B., son of Stephen Maughs, 
is a physician. He married Anna Anderson, of Callaway county, 
and settled in St. Louis, where he has become distinguished in 
his profession. 

MoRKis. — The parents of Joshua and Samuel Morris died in 
Virginia. Joshua married Narcissa Vallandigham, and settled in 
Missouri in 1821. Their children were — William H., Samuel J., 
Lewis R., Sarah J., and Rachel A. Samuel Morris, brother of 
Joshua, was a saddler by trade, and made such good saddles 
that they became popular all over the country, and he had all 
the work he could do. He settled in Missouri in 1821, and mar- 
ried Esther Bryan, daughter of Henry Bryan. Their children 
were — Joshua, Chester, Marion, Naoma, Cynthia, Lucinda, Julia, 
Virlena, and Alice. Mr. Morris lives in Saline county ; his wife 
has been dead several years. 

McGnKE. — John McGhce, a native of Ireland, married Mar- 
garet Adams, who was born in England. They settled in Shelb}' 
county, Ky., where they had — Lynch, Emil}', Margaret, James, 
AVashington, Nancy, and Rice. Lynch was a physician. He 
married Margaret Shackelford, and settled in Louisville, Ky., but 
removed to St. Louis, Mo., in 1«38. Washington married Julia 
Sibley, of Kentucky, and died in 1828, leaving a widow and four 
children — Mary H,, Robert L., Harriet, and Epsey. Mrs. Mc- 


Obee and her children settled in Montgomery county, Mo., in 
1841, and she is still living, in her 7Gth year. 

MoouE. — James Moore was born in Campbell county, Va., in 
17G1. He was married in 1795 to Priscilla Reed, by whom he 
had — John G., William R., Sarah, Thomas, James G., Mary, and 
Martha. He was a Captain in the war of 1812. In 1839 he came 
to Missouri and settled on Dry Fork of Loutre, in Montgomery 
county, where died in 1858. His wife died one month later. Mr. 
Moore was a member of the Methodist Church, a quiet and inof- 
fensive man, and highly esteemed by his neighbors and friends. 
His son, William R., married Mary Hubbard, of .Virginia, and 
settled in St. Joseph, Mo. Sarah married William Farris, and re- 
mained in Virginia. Thomas married Edetha Reynolds, of Vir- 
ginia, and settled in Montgomery county in 1839. James G. 
never married. He settled in Montgomery county in 1839, and 
is the only one of the original family still living. Mary 
married William McDaniel, who settled in Montgomery county in 
1839, Martha married Peter G. Hunter, of Montgomery county. 

NowLiN. — James Nowlin and his wife, Martha Collins, were na- 
tives of Scotland. They came to America prior to the revolu- 
tion, and brought all their household and kitchen furniture with 
them. They settled first in the eastern part of Virginia, but after- 
ward removed to Pittsylvania county. Their only son, Bryan W. 
Nowlin, was a Captain in the American army during the revolu- 
tion. He married Lucy Waide, of Virginia, and thej^ had fifteen 
children, thirteen of whom lived to be grown, and twelve of them 
married. The eldest son, Peyton, married Lucy Townsend, and 
settled first in Kentucky, from whence he removed to Saline 
county, Mo., previous to 1820, and raised a large family of chil- 
dren. Richard Nowlin, brother of Peyton, married Celie Shelton, 
and settled first in Kentucky, and afterward in Saline county, 
Missouri. Samuel Nowlin married Fannie Paul, of Virginia, 
by whom he had Joseph and David. His first wife died, and he 
was married the second time to Elizabeth Everson, by whom he 
had two daughters, both of whom are living in Virginia. Joseph 
Nowlin lived and died in Lynchburg, Va. David studied law at 
the University of Virginia. In 1835 he married Elizabeth Berger, 
of Virginia, and the following year he came to Missouri and set- 
tled in Montgomery county, where he practiced his profession, 
and was elected to several official positions in the county, which 
he filled with credit to himself and his constituents. He was also 
n Baptist preacher, and possessed more than ordinary powers as a 
pulpit orator. His son, Samuel S. Nowlin, is an attorney, and 
lives at Montgomery City. He has served his county as Circuit 
Clerk, and made one of the best officers the county ever had. He 
possesses a large influence, and his prospects for future political 
advancement are good. 


NuNNELLY. — Peter Nunnelly was a "bound boy" to a horse 
doctor and jockey, and was with Lord Cornwallis' army at York- 
town, when it was captured. After the war he settled in America, 
and was married twice ; first to Elizabeth Smart, by whom he had 
— Peter, Jr., Absalom, Benjamin, Gillum, Buckner, Littleberry, 
James, Ephraim, Mildred, Martha, and Judith. Ephraim married 
Elizabeth Williams, and his son Ephraim married Eveline Scholl, 
and lives in Callaway county. His children were — James, An- 
derson, Daniel, John, Lucy, Mary H., Elizabeth, Sarah L., and 
Susan A. James is a bachelor, and lives in Montgomery county. 
Anderson married Violet Patton, and lived and died in Mont- 
gomery county. Daniel married Catharine Lee. John and Lucy 
died young. Mary H. married John McMahan. Elizabeth mar- 
ried Granville Nunnelly, her cousin. Sarah L. married Benjamin 
F. Leavell. Susan A. married Granville L. Gregor3\ 

Oden. — John Oden, of England, settled in Loudon county, 
Virginia. His children were — Hezekiah, Thomas, John, Lewis, 
William, and Vinson. Hezekiah married Elizabeth Leach, of Vir- 
ginia, and settled in Pike county. Mo., in 1828. They had — 
John, William, Vinson, Harriet, Maria, Poll}^ Sally, and Alfred, 
Vinson married Mary House, and lives in Montgomery county. 
William and Polly died in Kentucky. Sally was married first to 
Joseph Thomas, and second to Garland T. Hudson. She is a 
widow again, and lives in Audrain count3\ Maria and Alfred 
married and remained in Pike county. Harriet married John 
King, who moved to New Orleans, La. 

Price. — Miles Price, of Wales, settled in Lincoln county, N. C, 
prior to the revolutionary war. He married a Miss Sharp, and 
had a son named Thomas, who was a soldier of the revolution. He 
married Isabella Sharp, and they had Elizabeth, Thomas, jr., 
Reese, Isaac, James, John, Isabella, and Pollen. Zohn married 
Anna Barber, of North Carolina, and they had four children pre- 
vious to their removal to Missouri, viz. : Elizabeth L., Cynthia, 
Miles S., and Thomas J. They came to Missouri and settled in 
Pike county in 1819, after which they had the following children 
— Robert B., John H., Sallie A., Emily I., and Lucinda J. All 
of his children except Miles S., who is a member of the County 
Court of Montgomery county, settled in Lincoln county. Mr. 
Price, was Constable and Justice of the Peace in Pike county for 
thirty years. He was also a great snake killer, and every spring 
be and his neighbors would have a snake hunt. Oae spring they 
killed 9,000 rattlesnakes. — Isaac Price first settled in St. Charles 
county, and afterward in Lincoln. He married Tabitha Wilker- 
son, of the former county. 

Pegram. — The parents of Daniel Pegram were Sootch. Daniel 
was born in Petersburg, Va., but settled and lived in Bedford 
county, where he raised ten children, six sons and four daughters, 


each of whom was more than six feet in height. Tiiomas, a son 
of Daniel Pegram, married Nancy Hopkins, whose mother's maiden 
name was Clark, and who had a brother, Chester Clark, who drew 
$100,000 in a lottery. Thomas had but three children — James L., 
Edward T., and William. Tlie latter died in Virginia in his 19th 
year. James L. married Julia R. Oley, of Virginia, and settled 
in St. Charles county. Mo., in 1839, and in Montgomery county 
in 1845. Mrs. Pegram died in 18G3. They had eight children, 
four sons and four daughters. Edward T. Pegram married Mil- 
dred Crane, of Montgomery county, and had two children, a son 
and a daughter. (See "Anecdo'^es and Adventures.") 

Peverley. — Peter Peverley and his wife, Libbie Myers, of Ken- 
tucky, had the following children — Polly, Peggy, David, Daniel, 
Elizabeth, Jacob, and Peter. The three daughters married and 
settled in Montgomery county, -Mo. David died in Texas. Daniel 
married Miss Cassety, of Kentucky, and settled in Montgomery 
county in 1824. Jacob married Creey Bunch, of Montgomery 
county. Peter married Jane Dungom. 

Patton. — Jacob Patton and his wife, Rebecca Barnett, of North 
Carolina, had four children — James, Thomas, Mary, and Rebecca. 
They settled on Loutre Island, in Montgomery county, in 1810. 
James, the eldest son, married Violet Douglass, and they had — 
Robert, William, Jesse, Samuel D., Amelia, Cynthia A., and 
Violet. Jesse married Nancy Burrell, and lives in Boone county. 
Amelia married Eli Johnson, and is now a widow in Callaway 
county. The rest of James Patton's children are dead. Thomas, 
brother of James Patton, was bitten by a mad wolf, at his home 
on Loutre Island, in January, 181G, and died of hydrophobia on 
the 16th of the following August, in the 43d 3'ear of his age. His 
wife died in December, 1867, in her 90 th year. Their children were — 
James, William, Robert H., Thomas H., Elizabeth, Rebecca, Jane, 
Violet, and Mary. Rebecca, daughter of Jacob Patton, married 
John Gibson. She is now in her 88th year, a widow, and resides 
in Callaway county. Mary married Thomas Patton, and their 
children were — James B., William, Robert H., Thomas H., Eli 
M., Elizabeth, Rebecca, Jane, Violet, and Mary. 

Pew. — Reuben C. Pew was left an orphan at a very early age. 
According to the custom of those days he was " bound out" for 
his living, and got a A'ery poor one. His master treated him 
badly, worked him hard, and gave him no education. When he 
was sixteen years of age he could not read or write, and his 
master, desiring to get rid of him, induced him to sign the 
muster roll of a company that was recruiting for service in the 
revolutionary war, telling him it was only a common piece of 
writing, and could do him no harm. The consequence was that 
he had to go into the army, very much against his will. He was 
captured soon after his enlistment, and held as a prisoner for 


several years, during which time he experienced all the horrors of 
the British prisons of those times. After the war he married a 
Miss Smith, and settled in North Carolina,, where he and his wife 
died, leaving seven children, viz.: Reuben P., Benjamin F., 
Anderson S., Frances, Jemima, Polly, and Zilphey. Reuben P. 
was born in 1789. In 1810 he married his cousin, Sarah Park, 
who died in Kentucky in 1818, leaving four children — Erasmus 
D., Perraelia H., James S., and William H. When the war of 1812 
began, Mr. Pew enlisted, and was taken prisoner at Dudley's 
Defeat, but afterward exchanged. After the death of his wife he 
came to Missouri, and made a contract to haul a lot of tan bark 
to St. Louis. He returned to Kentucky, got his team, came back 
to St. Louis, fulfilled his contract, and cleared $1,200. 
He then returned to Kentucky, and removed his family to 
Montgomery Co., Mo., where he settled in 1819. Here he 
married Nancy Yater, by whdm he had eight more children — An- 
derson J., George W., Amanda C, Frank M., Sally, Frances S., 
Mary J., Judith E., and Nancy E. Mr. Pew built the first horse- 
mill in the northern part of the county, and made good flour, 
which was a rarity in those days. He put the flour into sacks, 
and sent his boys on horseback to peddle it out over the country, 
at the rate of one cent per pound. They frequently went as far 
as thirty miles from home to sell a few pounds of flour. — Benja- 
min F. Pew married Elizabeth Clark, of Kentucky, and settled 
in Audrain county. Andrew S. married Anna Betheuram, and 
settled in Montgomery county in 1836. They had — William D., 
Reuben C, Mary A., Jane H., Eliza A., and David A. Mr. Pew 
and his wife died at the same time, in 1844, and were buried in 
the same grave. Frances and Jemima married and settled in 
Grundy Co., Mo. Polly married Simpson Stewart, who came to 
Missouri in 1821, but afterward removed to Illinois. Zilphey 
mai'ried a Mr. Polk, who settled in Indiana. 

Peery. — George, William, and James Peery emigrated from 
Scotland and settled in Tazewell Co., Va. George married Mar- 
tha Davidson, of Ireland, and they had three sons and nine 
daughters. Joseph, the youngest son, married Elizabetji Hall, 
of Virginia, and settled in Montgomery Co. , Mo., in 1836. Their 
children were — Charles, Albert G., Gordon C, Thomas, Andrew, 
William H., Joseph A., and George. The members of the Peery 
family are a genial, hospitable people, and highly esteemed by 
their neighbors and acquaintances. Dr. Thomas Peery, who 
died in 1875, was especially distinguished for his many excellent 
qualities, and his loss is deeply felt by the community in which 
he lived. 

Purvis. — John Purvis and his wife, Margaret Strother, of Vir- 
ginia, had — Frank, George, Strother, John, William, Thomas, 
Elizabeth, Frances, Harriet, and Mary. Strother mai-ried Eliza- 


beth Sterne, and settled in Montgomery county in 1839. They 
had nine children. 

Powell. — William G. Powell, of Holland, settled in Albe- 
marle county, Virginia. His son, Lewis G., had three sons, 
James, Buck, and Lewis, Jr. James married Nancy Shelor, of 
Germany, and settled in Montgomery county, Missouri, in 1820. 
They had — John W., James W., William L., Thomas J., and two 
daughters, who died in infancy. After the death of James Pow- 
ell, his widow, who lived for many years afterward, proved her- 
self to be a woman capable of managing the business affairs of life 
and carrying them to a successful issue. During the cold winter 
of 1831-2 she had what is called a "jumping sleigh" built, and 
went in it to Virginia, one thousand miles distant, by herself, and 
brought back some negro slaves in another "jumper" similar to 
her own. Very few women have ever accomplished such a feat as 
that. — Buck Powell was a very stout man, and it is said that he 
could lift a barrel of whisky by his teeth and drink from the bung 
hole. He won a bet of fifty cents one day, by biting a ten penny 
nail in two, and he certainly earned his money. — Thomas J., son 
of James Powell, is a prominent attorney and citizen of Mont- 
gomery county, and lives at New Florence. He has been Sheriff 
of the county several times, and wields a large influence in politi- 
cal matters. 

Pearle. — WiUiam Pearle, of Virginia, settled in Lincoln 
county, Kentucky, among the first settlers of that State. During 
a portion of the Indian troubles he took refuge with his family in 
the fort at Crab Orchard. His son, Henr}', married Polly Ows- 
ley, sister of Governor Owsley, of Kentucky, by whom he had 
twelve children, seven of whom lived to be grown. The names 
of the latter were — Samuel, William S. F., Patience, Joel, Henry, 
Nudigit O., and Catharine. Samuel married Sally Dugan, and 
settled in Warren county, Missouri, in 1830. Joel married Re- 
becca Wyatt, and settled in Montgomery county. Henry mar- 
ried his cousin, Sally A. Pearle, t.nd settled in Montgomery 
county in 1833. He was a school teacher and farmer, and 
concluded once that he could preach as well as anybody. So he 
gave out an appointment at the school house, and when the time 
arrived, a large congregation was in attendance to hear him. . He 
gave out the hymn, sang, and led in prayer as well as any one, 
but when he arose to preach his subject "flew from his brain," 
as he graphically expressed it, and he could not preach at all. 
He apologized by saving, " We thought we could preach, but we 
can't preach," and took his seat. Another incident of an 
entirely different character, but equally embarrassing, happened 
to him soon after he came to Montgomery count3\ Four or five 
of his horses strayed away, and he spent several months in hunting 
them, during which time he rode four or five hundred miles, and 


at last found his horses within five miles of home, where they 
had been all the time, grazing on the prairie. — Patience 
Pearle married William S. Wyatt, of Warren county, and settled 
in Montgomery county in 1836. The rest of the Pearle children 
settled in Montgomery county at a later date. 

PoiXDEXTER.— Joseph Poindexter, of Bedford county, Virginia, 
was a Captain in the revolutionary war. He married Elizabeth 
Kenerly, and they had a son, Richard, who married a Miss Ford, 
of Virginia, and settled in Montgomeiy county in 1837. They 
had — Elizabeth A., Parthena S., Caroline K., Hezekiah F., Eliza, 
Edward L., Joseph C, James W., John D., and Mary L., most 
of whom settled in Montgomery county. 

Quick — Jacob Quick, of Germany, married a widow named 
Morris, whose maiden name was Rhoda Moore, of Ireland. They 
first settled in Maryland, where they had — Aaron, Alexander, 
Jacob, Jr., Sarah, and Rachel. Mr. Quick then removed with 
his family to Kentucky, and in 1811 he came to Missouri and set- 
tled on Loutre Island, in Montgomery county. Previous to his^ 
removal to Kentucky his children had never tasted corn bread. 
In 1812 he built a block-house, for protection against the Indians, 
in Best's Bottom, on the place that was settled by John Hancock, 
for whom Hancock's Prairie was named. Mr. Quick died at this 
place in 1822, and his wife in 1834. During their residence there 
an old Indian named Phillips lived with them for several years. 
He finally left them, and his body was afterward found away out 
in the western wilderness, with his gun lying by his side. — Aaron 
Quick, the eldest son, died a bachelor. Alexander married Nancy 
Gilbert, of Kentucky, where they resided thirteen years, and 
then came to Missouri. Their children were — Elizabeth, William, 
Stephen, Sarah, Samuel, Aaron, Rhoda, Alexander, James, and 
Gilbert. Jacob, Jr. ,• married Phoobe Copps, of Kentucky, and 
settled in Montgomery county, on Whippoorwill creek, in 1811. 
They had eight children — William, Jacob, Sampson, Polly, Patsey, 
Sally, Peggy, and Elizabeth. Sarah Quick married Jacob Groom. 
Rachel married Robert McFarland, of Kentucky. They had only 
two children, Joseph and Sally, both of whom settled in Mont- 
gomery county. 

RocKAFELLOw. — Peter Rockafellow, and old revolutionary sol- 
dier, was of German descent. He married the widow McGlathan,^ 
and settled in Montgomery county, Missouri, in 1822. (He lived 
a short time in St. Louis county, when he first came to Missouri.) 
He had but one child, Anna, who married Andrew Hunter. 

Russell. — Robert Russell, of Campbell Co., Va., settled in 
Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1830. His wife's maiden name was 
Bridget Bryant. Their children were — James, Harrison, John, 
Mary, Susan, P^lizabeth, and Sarah. Mr. Russell died in 1831, 
and was the first person buried in the noted old Virginia grave 



yard, of Montgomery county, which received its name from the 
fact that nearly all who were buried there were Virginians. 

Rice. — William B. Rice was a revolutionary soldier. Previous 
to his enlistment in the army he accompanied Daniel Boone on 
one of his expeditions to Kentucky. He married Rebecca Ar- 
lington, by whom he had — David, William G., Benjamin, Samuel, 
Callier, and Sophia. Mr. Rice settled in Montgomery county in 
1825, and died in his 95th year. His eldest son, David, married 
Elizabeth Henderson, by whom he had a daughter named Louisa, 
who married Judge William G. Shackelford, son of John Shack- 
elford, of Virginia. The Judge was left an orphan at four years 
of age, and was raised by his uncle, Samuel Lawrence, who edu- 
cated him for a lawyer. He came to Montgomery county in 
1835, where he lost his wife, by whom he had six children. He 
afterward married Anna Rice, daughter of William G. Rice, bj'' 
whom he had six other children. Judge Shackelford was Judge 
of the County Court of Montgomery county for twenty-one years. 
He was a successful farmer, also, but never had a cart or wagon 
on his place. His corn and other produce were gathered in 
baskets and carried to the barn. — William G. Rice was married 
first to Mary Vandiver, by whom he had three children. His 
second wife was Sally Vandiver, by wlioin ho had nine children. 
Mr. Rice was elected 

Assessor at a time 
when the county was / 
in debt, and he made | 
such a thorough and "^ 
accurate assessment ^i 
that he paid the debt M 
and left some money |"'' 
in the treasury. It 
is said that he rode 
an ox most of the 
time as he traveled 
over the county, and 
although the asser- 
tion cannot be sub- 
stantiated, it is uni- mr, bice assessing Montgomery county 
versally believed, on an ox. 

and is doubtless true. But no matter what sort of an animal he 
rode, he made one of the best assessors Montgomery county ever 
had, and his horned steed no doubt greatly assisted him in climb- 
ing over the mountainous region that borders upon the head 
waters of Loutre. Mr. Rice also kept tavern on the Boones- 
lick road, where Mrs. Davault now lives, and when a traveler 
asked the price of dinner he would be told that he could get corn 
bread and "common fixins" for 25 cents, but if he wanted wheat 


hreacl and "N-likken tixiiis" it would •>e 37^ cents. If llie trav* 
■»ler (K'ci<U*<l to take hoili kinds of "fixins," be paid G2J cents, 
aie Ills dinnrr, and departed, mucli amused at the singular terms 
of his ecceninc iiost. 

RouGEKS. — James Rodgers. of Pennsylvania, settled in Nelson 
Co..- Ky., vvhere he raise«l a large family of children, and gave 
each of them a Bih!e. Presley Rodgeis. his son, married Eliza- 
heili Folay. of Kentucky, hy whom he had— -Hatha A., Mary E., 
James. John. Ph(el)e, Felix G , Elizahetli E., Nancy, Julia A.. 
Pernesia, and America. Mr. Rodgers came to Missouri in 1831, 
and selUed in Howard county, afterward in Boone, then in Saline, 
and finally in Montgomery. He was a blacksmith, and worked at 
his trade until his death, which occurred in Deceml)er, 1863. He 
built the first blacksmith shop in Montgomery City. Eight of his 
eleven children are still living, and seven of them reside in Mont- 
gomery county. 

Stkobe. — Christian Strobe, of Pennsylvaiiiu, removed first to 
Indiana, and from theni-e to Audrain Co., .Mo. His wife 
Marry Miller, of Kentucky, and they had — William H., Eliza, 
James, Isabella, George, Rel)ecca, Mary, and Christian, Jr., 
most of whom have families, and live in Audrain and Montg( m« 
ery counties 

Sanders. — Christopher Sanders settled near Loutre Lict, in 
Montgomery county, at an early date. He was a great hunter, 
but somewhat indolent, and generally depended upon borrowiwu 
a gun to shoot, his game with ratlmr than perform the labor of 
carrying one. (See '"Anecdotes and Adventures.") He raise(l 
four sons and two daughters — Jack, James, Joseph, William, 
Nancy, and Rachel. William married Ibby Slavens, a daughter 
of Stewart Slavens, of Middletown. 

Sharp. — Thomas Sliarp was a native of Ireland, but emigrated 
to America, and settled first in Pennsylvania, from whence he 
removed to Washington Co., Va. He was married twice, and by 
his first wife tie had — John, Thomas, Jr., and Benjamin. By his 
second wife he had but one child, David, who became a Methodist 
minister, and lived and died in Virginia. Thomas, Jr., settled in 
Kentucky. Bnjamiu vvas a soldier in the revolutionary war, and 
was in Colonel Campbell's f(»inraand at the itattle of Kimi^'s 
Mountain He married Hannah Fulkerson, of Virginia, and 
their children were — James P., John D., Poily C, Jacob L.. Cath- 
arine E., Attosa P., Hannah D., Peter L , F^lvira E,, Malinda 
M., Margaret J., and Benjamin F. In 1816 Mr. Sharp removed 
to Missouri with all his family except John and Malinda, and 
settled in (now) Warren county, three miles east of Pinckney. 
When Montgomery county was organized in 1818, he vvas ap- 
pointed Clerk of the County and Circuit Courts, and held the 
position until the State was admitted into the Union. A small log 


cabin was built in his yani and used as a court house, until t!>e 
county s^at was locate«i at Piiickney, wlui-h was naraed tor his 
daughier, Atossa Piuckney Sharp. Mr. Sharp died at the old 
hoin> stead in 1843 ; his wile died two years previous. Tiieir sou 
James married Caihariue Neil. Polly C. married Jerry H. Neil. 
Jacoit L mairied Harriet Vance. After the organization of the 
Slate government he bought the offices of County and Circuit 
Clerk from a man named Long who had been appointed by Gov. 
McNair. He paid $100 for those offices, and continued to hold 
them by election until 1865. He was a bald-headed man, and 
wore his hai on all o(H-asioiis, including the sitting of the Courts, 
a privilege which all the Judges allowed him. While the county 
seat was located at Lewiston he made a regular practice of taking 
the prisoners out of the jail and exercising them. He died in 
1869. Attossa Sharp married Capt. John VVyatt, a soldier of the 
war of 1812. Hannah D Married Beston Callahan. Peter L. 
married Jane Johnson. Elvira married James Hughes. Catharine 
E. married Conrad Carpen'^er. Margaret J. married Frederick 
Hamilton, who was editor of the Columbia, Mo., Patriot. Ben- 
jamin F, is a physician, and is the only one of the twelve brothers 
and sisters who is still living. He married Mary H. McGhee, 
and resides on his farm near Montgomer}' City, respected and 
honored by all who know him. Samuel T. and Benjamin F., 
sons of Jacob L. Sharp, are well known and prominent citizens of 
Montgomery county. 

See. — The Sec family is of German origin. Three brothers, 
Adam, Georife, and Michael, with seven sisters, were raised in 
Hardy Co., Va. Their father, George, and a negro man were all 
Icilled by lightning while stacking hay. The girls married and 
settled in Kentucky and Ohio Adam was a prominent lawyer, 
and lived and died in Virginia. Michael married Catharine 
Bxker, of Hardy Co., Va., by whom he had — Mary, Elizabeth, 
A<lam C , Barbara, Anthony, Jacol>, John, Solomon, and Noah. 
Mr. See was a soldier of the war of 1812. He settled in Mont- 
gomery Co., Mo., in 1837. His daughter Elizabeth married 
Hugh Hart, who settled in Montgomery county in 1839. Barbary 
ma ried Ttiomas McCleary, who settled in Mongomery county in 
1810 Jacob married Rachel Morrison, and settL d in Montgom- 
ery county in 1837. He has been Justice of the Peace and Dep- 
ut/ Shviriff, and is now the Representative of his county in the 
State Legislature. He was also a prominent member and officer 
of tiie Evanix Society, in Danville. Mr. See is very fond of fine 
B ock, and in 1871 he raised eighteen hogs that averaged from 700 
to 1000 pounds each. He took them to St. Louis, had them 
made into bacon, and sent the hams to Memphis, Tenn. But 
they were shipped back, with a statement from the commission 
merchant that they were not buying horsn hams. Mr. See also 


raised, and still has in his possession, the largest ox in the world. 
He has mad€ a good deal of money Isy exhibiting this mammoth 
brute in various parts of the United States, and everywhere he 
goes crowds gather to see the wonder. — John See married Marga- 
ret Stewart, and settled in Montgomery county in 1839. Noah See 
was married first to his cousin, Margaret See, and after her death 
he married Mary A. Saylor, and settled In Montgomery county in 
1839. He is an influential and wealthy citizen, and has been 
County Surveyor for a number of years. 

Saylor. — Emanuel Saylor and his wife, Ann Hulett, were early 
settlers of Montgomery count}'. They had James, John H. , and 
Thomas. James married Libbey Cobb, and they had eleven chil- 
dren. John H. married Virginia M. Perkins, of Kentucky. 
Thomas married Maria Rice, and after his death his widow mar- 
ried John Hays. 

Stevens. — Richard Stevens was a noted hunter and trapper. 
He married Sally Ambrose, and settled in Montgomery county in 
1831. The first day after his arrival in Montgomery he killed 
six deer, and during his residence in the county he killed 400 
deer, 40 bears, and so many wild cats, raccoons, etc., that he could 
not keep an account of them. He had six children — Hiram A., 
Emily, Willis, Lucretia, Virginia, and Joseph. Hiram A. mar- 
ried Sarah A. Garrett, and lives in Montgomery county. Emily 
married Evans B. Scale, and also lives in Montgomery county. 
The rest of the children settled in other States. 

Stevens. — Thomas Stevens emigrated from England and settled 
on the James river, 120 miles above Richmond, Va., prior to the 
revolution. His children were — John, William, Susan, Delila, P]liz- 
abeth, and Lucy. John married Amanda Thornhill, of Virginia, 
and they had — Thomas, William, Absalom, Elizabeth, Nancy, 
Susan, and Hope. Thomas was a soldier in the revolutionary 
war. He married Agnes Perkins, and settled in Missouri in 
1826. His children were — John, William, Agnes, and Eliza. He 
was married the second time in Missouri. William, who was a 
Baptist preacher, was born in May, 1786. He married Frances 
A. Ferguson, daughter of Dougal Ferguson and Elizabeth Archer, 
whose father was the third owner of Bermuda Hundreds on James 
river. William Stevens settled in Montgomery county in 1830. 
His children were — Dougal F., Wiljiam H., John A., Thomas, 
Eliza, Mary S., Frances A., and Virginia. Nancy, daughter of 
John Stephens, married Jacob Maxey, who settled in Montgom- 
ery county in 1835. They had — William B., Joseph, Redford, 
Jacob, Elizabeth, Mar}', and Nancy. 

Sinci.eton. — Spiers Singleton was the son of George Singleton, 
of North Carolina. He married Lucinda Whitesides, of Christian 
Co., Ky., and settled in Illinois, where he died, leaving a widow 
and seven children. Her brotlier, James Whitesides, brought 


her anil the children to Montgomery county, and attended to their 
wants until the children were grown, and at his death he left 
most of his property to them. The names of the children were — 
James W., Kwell 1)., John S., Emeline, Cynthia A., Polly, and 
Mary A. 

SxETiiEX.- -Abraham Snethen and his wife, Elizabeth Stewart, 
were natives of Germany. They emigrated to America and set- 
tled in New Jersey, where they had eleven children, of whom 
the names of only seven are now remembered. They were — 
William, John, Reuben, Polly, Lydia, Elizabeth, and Margaret. 
William married and settled in Kentucky in 1792, and in 1810 he 
removed to Ohio, where he lost his wife. He then started to re- 
turn to New Jersey, but died of cholera, at Ilagerstown, Md. 
.John was born in March, 1789, and when he was eight years old 
his mother died. He was then bound out to a man in P^lizabeth- 
town, N. J., to learn the trade of wheel- wright. He remained 
with the man seven years, and then having had a misunderstand- 
ing with his landlady, he ran away and went to Philadelphia, 
where he embarked on board a ship as a sailor He followed the 
sea seven years, and during the latter part of that period, while 
tlie ship was returning from the West India Islands, with a cargo 
of sugar and coffee, the yellow fever broke out among the crew, 
and all of them died except Snethen, the cook, and one sailor. They 
succee<led, however, in bringing the vessel safely into port, and 
deUvering her to the owners, whose admiration of Snethen's 
bravery and skill was so great tliat they proposed to educate him 
and give him command of a ship, He accepted their offer, but 
in the meantime paid a visit to his friends in New Jersey, who 
persuaded him to abandon the sea. He then went to Kentucky, 
and arrived at Maysville (then called Lewiston) in December, 
1799. Here he first heard of the death of General Washington. 
From Maysville he went with his brother Reuben to visit their 
brother AVilliam, who lived in Estell count}'. There he became 
acquainted with and married Susan Box. He remained in that 
county seven years, and bought several tracts of land, all of 
which he lost on account of defective titles. In 1808 he placed 
his wife, three children, and all their household goods and chat- 
tels on a two-year old filley and a little pony, and came to 
Missouri. He settled four miles above Loutre Island, on the 
Missouri river, where he remained one year. During that time 
he was visited by a party of French hunters, who expressed sur- 
prise that he had settled in the bottom, "For," said they, "our 
fathers have seen the water over the tops of the sycamore trees." 
He became alarmed at their statement and removed seven miles 
northward, and settled on Dry Fork of Loutre, where several 
other families soon gathered about him. In 1812 he removed to 
Howard county, in company with Make Box, Elisha Todd, James, 


John, and William Savage, William Warden and Robert Benton, 
and their families. They placed their families in Kincaid's Fort, 
and joined the rangers, to assist in protecting the settlement 
against the Indians. Mr. Snethen aftexward removed his family 
to Hempstead's Fort, which was larger and stronger than Kin- 
caid's. They remained there until 1814, when tiiey removed to 
Cooper's Fort. On the night of the 14th of April of that year, 
Capt. Sarshall Cooper was killed by some unknown person, who 
picked out the chinking of his chimney and shot him through the 
opening as he was seated in his cabin. Mr. Snethen was seated 
by his side at the time, but was not hurt. In 1818 Mr. Snethen 
returned to his old place on Dry Fork of Loutre, where he re- 
mained until his death, which occurred on the first of January, 
1859. He raised twelve children of his own, and twelve negro 
children, and there was not a death on his place for forty-five 
years. He saw eighty-one of his grandchildren before his death. 
Mr. Snethen and his wife were both members of the Old Baptist 
Church. Their children wei-e Aley B., John, Jr., Polly, Eliza- 
beth, WilUam, Sally, Reuben G., Muke B., Nancy, Emeline, 
David S., and Matilda. Aley B. was a Baptist preacher and a 
physician. He married Caroline Johnson, and had fourteen 
children. John, Jr., Avas a merchant at Troy, Mo., for thirty- 
seven years, but has retired from business. He is an intelligent 
gentleman, and can give a vivid portrayal of the dangers and 
trials of pioneer life. He went to school with Kit Carson in 
Cooper's Fort, and received most of his education while they were 
living in the forts during the Indian war. He married Euphemia 
Wells, a sister of Carty Wells, by whom he had six children. Mr. 
Snethen clerked in the store of Charles Drury, at Loutre Lick, 
from 1824 to 182(5. Polly Snethen married John Cundift",- and 
they had fourteen children. Elizabeth married William Clark. 
William married Susan Groom, and they had eleven children. 
Sally married Holland Whitesides. Reuben G. was married 
three times ; first, to Rebecca Dixon ; second to Catharine 
Hunter, and third to Lucinda J. Sallee. He had twelve children 
in all. Muke B. married Julia A. Leavell, and they had five 
children. Nancy was married first to James Russell, second to 
Alfred Windsor, and third to Newton J. Hunter. Emeline 
married Toleson Hunter. David S. married Keziah FelkniflT. 
Matilda married Benjamin F. Clark. Reuben Snethen, brother 
of John, Sr., married a Miss Smith, and settled on Duck river, 
in Tennessee. Abraham, another brother, was married twice, 
and lived in Callaway count3^ 

Stewaut. — John Stewart, of Bath Co., Va., was of Irish 
descent. He married Hannah Hickland, of Virginia, and their 
children were — James, John, Edward, Jacob, Miranda, David, 
Margaret, Nancy, and Jennie. John married his cousin, Mary 


Stewart, and they had — Octavia, Tabitha, Osborne, Margaret,. 
Alonzo, Emily, Martha and Cortez. Mr. Stewart settled in 
Montgomery county in 1839. His tliree j'ounger children died 
before they were grown. Octavia married Frank Devine. 
Tabitha married Rev. Martin Luther Eades, who died in old age, 
and she afterward married Lewis Busby. Margaret married 
John See. 

SuBLETT. — Hill Sublett, of Green Co., Ky., married Delphi 
Jennett, of Virginia. In 1817 he came to Missouri on a pros- 
pecting tour, returned to Kentucky and brought his family out in 
1822. He had ten children, six daughters and four sons. 

Si.AVENS. — William S. Slavens was born in Greenbriar Co., Va., 
September 15, 1787. He. was married five times; first to Anna 
Hawkins, by whom he had three children, second to Mary Riggs, 
third to Elizabeth Elsbury, by whom he had seven children, fourth 
to the widow Thomas, whose maiden name was Rebecca Stan- 
ley, by whom he had two children ; and fifth to the'widow Meyers, 
whose maiden name was Paulina Hunt. Mr. Slavens settled in 
Montgomery, on Brush Creek, in 1820, and removed to near Mid- 
dletown in 1829. He owned part of the land that Middletown 
was built upon. Mr. Slavens came to Missouri in company with 
his brother Thomas and a Mr. McCarta, in a little horse cart. 
Their stock consisted of one cow, the property of William Sla- 
vens, which they drove before them and for which he was offered 
forty acres of land within the present limits of St. Louis ; but 
thought his cow was worth more than the land, and kept 
her. Mr. Slavens had $640 in money, which he loaned to Mr. 
McCarta, who invested it in Irish potatoes, and planted them on 
ten acres of land in Illinois. The potato crop was a failure, and 
the money was never repaid. The names of Mr. Slavens' children 
were — James H., Sarah, Isabella, Lydia A., Martha A., Aaron, 
William N., Henry B., Euphemia, Louisa, EHzabeth, and Mary S. 
The youngest son, now in his 47th year, has sixteen children and 
ten grandchildren. 

Summers. — Caleb Summers was raised in Montgomery county, 
Maryland, where he married Rachel Crawford. In 1796 he settled 
in Jefferson county, Kentucky. His children were — Polly, Ben- 
jamin, Robert, Thomas, and Malinda. Robert married his cousin, 
Grace Summers, and settled in Pike county, Missouri, in 1834. 
His children were — William B., Elizabeth, Caleb L., Noah, Ben- 
jamin F., George, Robert A., and Thomas. William B. married 
the widpw Tucker, whose maiden name was Margaret J. Bryan, 
and settled in Montgomery county in 1840. Caleb L. married 
Sallie A. Bryan, and settled in Montgomery county in 1840. 
Benjamin F. marritd Antoinette Sharp, and settled in Montgom- 
ery county in 1842. Noah married and settled in Montgomerj- 
the same year. Benjamin, son of Caleb Summers, Sr., married 


Polly RiitVrlv. and settled in .Montofomery county in 1839. Tbe 
tailier of Citlei) Summers. Si-.. i-diiw to America in 1750, and the 
hoots he WDii- then are in ihe museum at Cincinnati. 

Spry-. — Enoch Spry cune to .Missouri from Clark county, Ken- 
tucky, vviih Simon Griirgs and Cornelius Howard, when he was 
tifieen years of age. He married Mary A Logan, the only sister 
of Wiliiam, Alexander, Hujih and Heiirv Logan, and settled in 
Montgom>Mv county in 1817. Tliey had eight children. Soon 
after steamhoats l>egan to navigate the Missouri river, Mr. Spry, 
happening lo be in the vicinity of the river one day, heard a boat 
ttlow its whistle, at which he became very much frightened, and 
ran home. He tohi his neighliors that a panther had caught a 
man down on the river, and he never heard any one halloo like he 
did. His story created so inucli ex-'itenicnt that a company was 
organized an<l went in pnr>iiil of the " panther," which, of 
course, they «;onld not tin<l. 

Smith— Col. John Smith, of the rcvoliiti mary war. lived in 
Franklin cimnty. Virginia, vNlicre he niarried Frances Bnrk. by 
whom he had — VVilliam, Calum. Stephen, John, Wyatt, Henry, 
Susan, Mary, and Frances VVilliam married Elizabeth Fergu- 
son, of Virginia. I>y whom he ha<l — Samuel, Thomas, Steplien. 
William H , Mary, Frances. Susan. Martha, Elizabeth, Sarah P., 
and Julia. Mary married Kemcol C. (jilbert, who settle*! in Cal- 
laway county. Frances married Colonel Peter Booth, of Ken- 
tucky. Susan married Colonel F. \. Hancock, who settled in 
Alai)ama. Martha married Thomas J. Holland, who settled in 
Montgomery county in 1832. He represented the county in the 
State Legislature one term, and was Justice of the Peace in War- 
ren county for a number of years. He died in 1862. Sarah P. 
Smith married her cousin, Wright Smith, who settled in Warren 
county in 1837. Julia married John Craighead, who settleil in 
Callaway county. 

Tkiplett. — Tlioinas Tripleit, of Buncomb county. North Caro- 
lina, liad tlie foUo-ving childr>!n — James, William, George, John, 
Rebecca, Nancy, and Lvilia. Williiim married Hannah Cox, of 
North Carolina, and settled in Montgomery county in 1830. He 
was a blacksmith anil wheelwright by trade ; and a staunch mem- 
l)er of the Baptist Ctiurcb. It was at his house that Macedoiua 
Church was organized by Jabez Han, in 1831. His children 
were — Olive, Mary, Margaret, Harriet O., Rebecca C Narcissa 
J., Lydia, Thomas, Zaccheus, David, Isaac M., and William H. 
Mary married William E. Wells, who settled in Montgomery 
county in 1830. 

Talbott. — Matthew Talbott, of England, had a son named 
Hale, who was born in December, 1754, He married Elizabeth 
Irvine, who was born in September, 1778. Their children were — 
Christopher, Thomas, William, David, Elizabeth, Polly, Nancy, 


Sopliia. and Jane. Mr. TalboM ca ii • l<> rlie Territory of Missouri 
in 1809, with liis eldest sod, Christopln r, and two nej^ro slaves. 
They cleared a small farm on Louire Island, and raised a crop of 
corn and vegetaliles. The following \ ear (1810) the rest of the 
family came out and settleil at llieir new home. Mr. Tall»ott 
brouiJlit to Missouri seventy-six fine mares, from which hf 
raised horses for ilie Western and Southern trade. During the 
Indian war he kept tlie greater portion of liis stock on tlie oppo- 
site side of the river, where they could not be molested by the 
savages. Christopher Talbott married Susan Parrish, by whom 
he had— Hale, Jr., Thomas, John, James, William, Mattliew, 
Susannah, Martha, and Mary A. Major Thomas Talbott, the 
second son, was a roving, fun-loving youth. On one occasion 
his father sent him to Cotesansdesseiii for some apple barrels, and 
gave him the money to pay for them. He was gone about a month, 
and came back without the i)arrels or the money. In 1828 he 
made his first trip to Santa Fe. He was afterward employed by 
tlie government as Indian agent, and while acting in that capac- 
ity the Indians stole a lot of mules from him that were his individ- 
ual property. The yjovernmeht promptly paid him $5,000 for his 
mules. On one of his expeditions to Santa Fe there was a Mr. 
Bradus, of Kentucky, in his company, who one day accidentally 
shot himself in the arm The pain of his wound soon became so 
great that he could not endure it. and it was decided that his 
arm must be amputated to save his life. Tliere were neither sur- 
geon nor surgical tools in the company, but they made such pre- 
parations as they could, and successfully performed the operation. 
The flesh was cut with a t)utclier's knife, the bone separated with 
a liand saw, and the veins seared with the king bolt of a wagon, 
which had been heated for the purpose. The man got well and 
lived to a ripe old age. A number of years after this event Maj. 
Talbott took a numbt;r of horses and mules to Soulli Carolina, 
but finding no sale for them, he loaded tliem on buMid a couple 
of schooners, and sailed for Cul)a. During the voyage a violent 
storm came up, and the rolling of the vessels excited the animals 
so that they began to fight one another, and several (A' them had 
their ears bitten off. But these sold as well as tlie others, and 
the Major had a very successful trip. That was the first importa- 
tion of American horses to Cuba; but since then the business 
has been extensively carried on. The Major was married twice, 
and became a consistent member of the Methodist Church before 
his death. Colonel William Talbott, the third pon, was a ranger 
in Nathan Boone's company, and was afterward chosen Colonel 
of militia. He was married twice ; first to Jane Ferguson, and 
after her death to a widow lady named Bascom, a sister-in-law of 
Bishop Bascom, by whom he had one daughter, Emma, who 
married a Mr. Linberger, of Boonville. At the time of hia 


death, which occurred June 14, 1874, the Colonel was livinij witli 
his daugiiter in Boonville. David Talhott married Susan Clark, 
and they hmi — Isaac H., William H., Mary E., Sarah A., David 
R., Susan J., Adda A., and Ellen. Mr. Talbott died in Novem- 
ber. 1852, and his wife in June of the same year. Elizabeth mar- 
ried Judge Matthew McGirk. Polly married James Pitzer. 
Nancy married Col. Irvine S Pitman. Sophia married Fletcher 
Wright. Jane married Dr. James Talbott, who was in the first 
State Constitutional Convention, which met in St. Louis in 1820. 
He also represented Montgomery county in the State Legislature. 

VanBibbkr — Peter and Isaac VanBibl)er, of Holland, came to 
America and settled in Botetourt Co., Va., previous to, the rev- 
olution. Peter married Mara:ueiy Bounds, and they had — Peter, 
Jr., Jesse, Jacob, James, Joseph. Matthias, Nancy, Sophronia, 
Ellen, and Olive. James married Jane Irvine, and settled in St. 
Charles county in 1803. He was Coroner at the time William 
Hays was killed by hi.s son-in-law, James Davis. In 1817 he 
removed to Callaway county, and settled on the Auxvasse. His 
children were — Joseph, Irvine, Frances. Lucinda, Melissa, Dan- 
iel, and Minerva. Joseph was a surveyor, and made ttie govern- 
ment surveys in range eight, west of the fiftli principal meridian. 
Olive VanBibber married Nathan Boone. Isaac VanBibber, 
l)rother of Peter, was Captain of a company in the battle of Point 
Pleasant, in 1774, and was killed there. He left a widow and 
four children— Jcfhn, Peter, Isaac, and Rebecca. John and Peter 
married and settled in Powell's Valley. East Tennessee. Isaac 
was born in Greenbriar Co., Va., October 20, 1771, and was only 
two and a half years old when his father was killed. He was 
adopted and raised by Colonel Daniel Boone, and at the early 
age of thirteen years acted as a scout against the Indians in Vir- 
ginia. In 1800 he came to Missouri with Nathan Boone, and set- 
tled first, ill Darst'.s Bottom During the Indian war he was Major 
of the miliiia uiicJer Col. Danitl M. Boone. He was married in 
1797 to Susan Hays. In 1851 he settled at Louire Lick, now in 
Montgomery county. The place was first settled by Thomas 
Massey, in 1813. The land was a Spanish grant of 460 acres, 
made to Nathan Boone, who sold it to VanBibber. The latter 
built several cabins where he settled, and afterward erected a 
large frame house, which he used as a hotel, and made a great 
deal of money. His children were — Matilda, Marcha, Susan, 
Elvira, Frances, Erretta, Pantha, Isaac, Jr., Ewing, and Alonzo. 
Major VanBibbe died in 1836, his wife having died some time 

WoKLAND. — Charles B. Worland, of Maryland, married Mar- 
tha A. White, and settled in Washington Co., Ky. Their chil- 


dren were — Benedict, Cliarles B., Thomas N., Maria, William T., 
John H , Stephen W., Edward H., James P., and Martha A. 
Mr. Worland, his wife, and a portion of their family settled in 
Monti^omerv eoiinty in 1839. They are excellent people; hon- 
est, industrious, intelligent, kind-hearted and friendly. 

Whitesides. — Thomas Whitesides was a native of Virginia, 
hut removed to and settled in North Carolina. He had a son 
named Francis, who married Ann Clark, of Kentucky, and set- 
tled in Montgomery Co., Mo., in 1818. Their children were — 
James, Holland, John C, Susan, Lucinda, Sarah J., Ann, Polly, 
and Nancy. 

Williams — Frederick, sou of Richard Williams, of Pulaski 
Co., Ky., married Nancy Hanford, and settled in Montgomery 
Co , Mo., in 1832. Their children were — Liberty. Margaret. 
Mary, William, Harriet, Martha, Rosa A., John, Euphema, and 
Clara A. Margaret married James Gray. Mary married John 
Crutcher, Harriet tnanied Stephen Manning Martha married 
Sylvester Millsai). Rosa A. married Christopher Millsap. En- 
pliema married John Crutcher, Jr. 

White. — Esquire William White settled in Montgomery county 
in 1836. He is a brother of Benjamin White, who lives near 
Danville. He married Anna Fletchrali, of Maryland, and their 
children were — John, Danioi, Ann, William, Benjamin, Stephen, 
Mary, Dorcas, and Eiizaheth. Elizaheth, a sister of William 
White, Sr., married William Smith and settled near Jonesburg. 

Windsor. — Sampson Windsor, of Prince William Co., Va., had 
four sons — William, Christopher, Burton, and Alfred. Burton 
married Elizabeth Tinsley, and settled in Missouri in 1833. 
Alfred married Sarah Clark, and settled in Montgomery county 
in 1833. He had ason, Joiin R., who married Mary A. Fi'zhuiili, 
of Tennessee, and died leaving a widow an(i nine chihlren. five 
sons and four daughteis. William T., another son of Alfred 
Windsor, married Jane B. Bryan, a daughter of Recce Bryan 
and Jane Evans, by whom he had stn'en sons and four daughters. 

White. — Matthew L. White was horn and raised in Virginia, 
but removed to East Tennessee, from there to Alabaniia, and in 
1829 he settled in Montgomery Co., Mo., and entered the land 
upon which the celebrated Pinnacle Rock stands. He married 
Rhoda Stagdon, and they had—Nancy, William, Thomas S., 
James H., Isaac M., John R., Mary j., Rebecca, Samuel M., 
Margaret A., and Martha L. 

White. — Benjamin White, Sr., was a native of Wales. He 
married Elizabeth Smith, and their son Benjamin, Jr., married 
Rebecca Chesell. They all lived in Montgomery Co., Md. Ben- 
jamin, a son of Benjamin White, Jr., was born November 4, 
1796. He was married in 1821 to Rebecca Darby, who died. 


and in 1831 he married Lucy Scott. In 1837 they came to 
Missouri and settled in Montgomery county. Their children 
were — Edward G., Williftm H., Richard G., Benjamin, Susan, 
Mary A., and Sarah E., all of whom are married and living in 
Montgomery county. 

Woodruff, — Charles Woodruff, of Buckingham Co., Va., mar- 
ried a Miss Gate wood, and their son, Wyatt P., married Mary 
Talphro, and settled in St. Louis Co., Mo., in 1825. In 1827 
they removed to St. Charles county, and from there to Montgom- 
ery county in 1832. They had — John, Charles E., Robert H., 
Francis S., and David B., all of whom live in Montgomery 

Wright. — Jesse Wright and his wife. Dicey Galarby, of Am- 
herst Co., Va., had — George G., Ellis, Shelton, William, Daniel, 
and Nancy. George G. marriedSally Jacobs, 'of Nelson Co., Va., 
and settled in Montgomery Co. , Mo., in 1837. Their children 
were — Margaret, Anna V., Catharine and George G., Jr. Mar- 
garet married John R. Arnor. Anna V. married Isaac H. Tal- 
bott, of Montgomery county. Catharine married Hon. Norman 
J. Colman, editor of Colman's Rural World and Lieut. -Gov. of 
Missouri. George G., Jr., lives in Montgomery county, is an in- 
fluential citizen and a leader of the Democratic party of his 

WiTCHER. — James Witcher, of Virginia, married Martha Wat- 
son, and they had three sons and three daughters. Ephraim, 
their eldest son, who was a soldier in the war of 1812, settled in 
Montgomery Co., Mo., and married Winifred B. Holley, by whom 
he had six children. He died in 1845, and his widow married 
Col. Reuben Pew, who also died, leaving her a widow the second 

Wade. — Henry Wade and his wife, Lucy Turner, lived in Cul- 
pepper Co., Va. They had — Luke, ZackfiH, Henry, Andrew, 
John, Orinda, Polly, and Sally. Henry married Mary D. Waller, 
in 1810, and settled in Lincoln Co., Mo., in 1835. His children 
were — William, Henry, John, Richard, Andrew, Martha, Judiths- 
Lucy, Polly, and Margaret. William married Susan Sitton, of 
Lincoln county. Henry lives in California, unmarried. Richard 
died in that State. John married Levisa Wright. Andrew died 
in his youth. Martha was married first to Peter Shelton, and 
after his death to George Dyer. Judith married John Carter, and 
is now a widow. Lucy married James Berger, of Montgomery 
county. Polly was married first to John C. Whitesides ; after 
his death to Capt. William Quick, and she is a widow again. She 
has in her possession her mother's wedding costume that was 
spun and woven with her own hands in 1810. Margaret Wade 
was married first to John T. Wright, and second to George 


Wright. — John Wright, of England, came to America and 
settled in Pittsjdvania county, Va. He had four children — John, 
William, Nancy, and another daughter. A\^illiam married Isa- 
bella Thrailkill, of Virginia, and settled in Clark county, Ky. He 
served five years in the revolutionary war. He had twelve chil- 
dren, ten of whom lived to be grown, and were married. His 
fifth son, William, married Nancy Oliver, of Kentucky, and they 
had eleven cKildren — Harvey S., James T., William M., Stephen, 
Isaac W., Elizabeth, Susan, Nancy, Emeline, Louisa, and Lucin- 
da. Mr. Wright settled in Montgomery county, Mo., in 1824, 
on a place adjoining the present town of Danville, where he lived 
and kept tavern for many years. A Methodist minister named 
Prescott, stopped at his house one day to get his dinner, and 
there being no men present he went to the barn to feed his horse. 
AVhile looking around for the food he saw some large flat gourds, 
which he supposed to be pumpkins, and fed a lot of them to his 
horse. After that he was called Gourd Head Prescott. In 1833 
Mr. Wright sold his place to Rev. Andrew Monroe, a well known 
pioneer Methodist preacher, who lived there and kept tavern for 
some time. Isabella Wright, sister of William Wright, Sr., mar- 
ried John Stone, M'ho settled in Montgomery county in 1818, but 
-afterward removed to Arkansas. 



The county of Callaway was named for the gallant Captain' 
James Callaway, who was killed by the Indians at Loutre creek, 
on the 7th of March, 1815. The county was organized Novem- 
ber 25, 1820, out of the territory of- Montgomery county. 

The first county seat was at a place called Elizabeth, situated on 
Ham's Prairie, about six miles south of Fulton. It remained 
until there 182G, when the seat of justice was permanently located 
at Fulton. The latter place was founded in 1824, by Mr. George 
Nichols, and was at first called Volney, for the celebrated French 
author; but the name was soon after changed to Fulton, in honor 
of Robert Fulton, the great applyer of steam to navigation. 

The dates of the various early settlements in Callaway county, 
are given in connection with the histories of families, and it is 
not necessary to repeat them here. 


Allen. — Captain Archibald Allen settled in Callaway county in 
1822. He was born in Botetourt county, Virginia, January 7, 
1795, and served his country in the war of 1812. He was 
married in 1815 to Anna Galbreth, of Virgina, and settled first in 
St. Clair county, Illinois, from whence he removed to Cal- 
laway county. Missouri, at an early date. Al'ter the death of his 
first wife he married Nancy Hamilton, of Missouri, in 1858, who 
died also. In 1875 he was married again, to a Mrs. Brown, 
being at the time more than 80 years of age. He died soon after. 
Captain Allen joined the Presbyterian Church in 1824, and 
was one of the first members of that organization in Calla- 
way county. He remained a consistent and devout member until 
his death. 


Allek.— David Allen and his wife, Margaret Gamble, were 
natives of Scotland, but came to America and settled in South 
Carolina prior to the revolution. Mr, Allen took part in the war, 
and saw some hard service in' the Continental army. After the 
return of peace he removed to Kentucky and settled in Mont- 
gomery county. He had two sons, James and Joseph, who came 
to Missouri, The former married Sarah Smith, of Bath Co,, Ky., 
and settled in Callaway Co,, Mo,, in 1825, Joseph married 
Margaret Murphy, and settled in Callaway county about the same 
time. The children of James Allen were — Jane, Caroline, John, 
Nancy, David, James, William, Milton, Mary, Harvey, Martha, 
and Virginia. The children of Joseph Allen were — Clarinda, 
Jane, Grezella, Margaret, Amanda, John, and Sally. 

Armstrong. — The parents of Thomas Armstrong died when he 
was quite young, and he was "bound out" to a man in Philadel- 
phia, to learn the boot and shoe trade. When he was grown he 
married Jane Dalton, and settled in Dixon county, Tenn. His 
children were — William, John, James, Thomas, Charles, Abner, 
Lucy, Sophia, and Jane. William married Lucy Baxter, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1837. He had — John, Limis, Jane, 
Nanc}^, Richmond, Thomas, Felix, and William, Jr. 

Austin. — Hezekiah Austin, of Montgomery county, Md., mar- 
ried Elizabeth Odell, and settled in Christian county, Ky. They 
had — Barach O., Mary A., Margaret, Jane, and Elizabeth. 
Barach O. married Paulina J. Shirtridge, who died, and he after- 
ward married Ellen L. Allen, and settled in Callaway county in 

Allen. — Bethel, Sampson, and Thomas Allen, sons of Daniel 
Allen and Elizabeth Bethel, settled in Callaway county in 1817, 
Bethel married Elizabeth Read. He and Sampson were soldiers 
of the war of 1812. 

Agee. — Matthew and Tilman Agee settled on Coats' Prairie in 
Callaway county in 1817. Matthew had a large apple and peach 
orchard, and made brandy. In 1833 the cholera made its ap- 
pearance in his family, and one of his sons, while suffering from 
the scourge, drank a barrel of water in twenty-four hours-, and 
got well. Matthew Agee's wife was a daughter of Rev. William 
Coats, Tilman Agee married a daughter of William Thornton, 
when she was only thirteen years of age. The next morning 
after the wedding he left her to get breakfast, while he went out 
to work. He worked until nine o'clock, without being summoned 
to his meal, and then having become impatient, he went to the 
house to see what was the matter, and found his wife sitting on 
the floor playing with her dolls, 

Anderson, — William Anderson, of Campbell Co,, Va., married 
Sarah Easley, and they had — Jacob, John, Mary, Elizabeth, 


Jerry, Lucinda, William, and James C. Jacob settled in St. 
Charles Co., Mo., in 1832. John settled in Gentry county in 
1835. Mary, William, and Lucinda settled in Lafayette Co., 
Mo., and the latter married Rev. Thomas Callaway. James C. 
married Jane Moorman, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1831. Their children were — James W., Thomas C, 
Anna M., Alexander, Judith, Jerry, Sarah J., Mary F., Henry 
W., and George B. 

Adaik. — Joseph, son of John Adair, of Delaware, married 
Sarah Long, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway Co., Mo., in 
1830. They had — Lj'dia, John L., Samuel S., Sarah, Ann, 
Joseph, and Andrew. Mr. Adair was accidentally killed by a 
horse. Lydia married Levi James, who settled in Callaway 
county in 1822. Their children were — Sarah A., John, Eliza, and 
Joseph. John L. Adair married Elizabeth E. Pemberton, and 
they had — Louisa, John, Sarah, Fanny, Catharine, Noah, Jacob, 
and James. Sarah Adair married Hardin Wash, who settled in 
Callaway county in 1S30. Ann married Thomas Baker, and 
Joseph married Sarah Adcoek. The former settled in Callaway 
county. in 1821, and the latter in 1830. Andrew was married 
first to Nancy Stephens, by whom he had — Lock and Elijah. 
After the death of his first wife he married Louisa Booker, and 
they had — Lulu and Louisa. 

Adcock. — John Adcoek, of P^ngland, settled in Buckingham 
Co., Va., and married a Miss Carter, by whom he had — John, 
Carter, Edward, Henry, Joseph, and Phoebe. The latter was cap- 
tured b}^ an Indian, who made her his wife. Joseph married Susan 
Cason, of Prince Edward Co., Va., by whom he had — Phoebe, 
Milly, Elizabeth, Lucy, Polly, Susan, Nancy, John, Samuel, Joel, 
Henry, Edward, and Cason. Joel, who was born in 1792, served 
eleven months in the war of 1812, principally at Richmond and 
Norfolk. He was married in 1820 to P^lizabeth Childup, and set- 
tled in Callaway Co., Mo., in 1830. His children were — JohnH., 
Joseph Q., Aaron, Madison, Elizabeth, Sarah, Susan, and Drury 
W. Mr. Adcock lost his wife in 1872, and he died in the summer 
of 1876. 

Arnold. — William Arnold, of Eastern Virginia, married Eliza- 
beth Nowell, and they had — Robert, William, Pleasant, Polly, 
and Susan. The three latter removed to Tennessee with their 
parents. Robert and William were both in the war of 1812, and 
the latter died of measles while in the army. Robert settled in 
Shelby county, Ivy., and wa:-; married in 1816 to Elizabeth Marion, 
by whom he had — William, Nancy, and Pleasant. In 1820 he 
removed to Missouri, and settled in St. Charles county, where he 
was employed two years as overseer for Nicholas Kountz. He 
then removed to IMontgomery county, where he lost his wife in 
1823. He soon after marriorl Piercy Hamlin, daughter of John 


Hamlin and Bertha Arnold, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1825. His children by his second wife were — George H., 
Bertha A., John W., Mary E., Robert, and Martha C. His eldest 
son, William, married Louisa SchoU, and died without issue. 
Pleasant married Cai-oline SchoU, and died, leaving a widow and nine 
children. He was an excellent man and a good citizen. Nancy 
married Henry Covington. George H. married Melissa Johnson, 
of Kentucky. Bertha A. married Benjamin F. Covington. John 
W. married Mary S. Lail. Mary E. was married first to James O. 
Johnson, of Scotland, and after his death she married James R. 
Covington. Robert married Elvira Allen. Martha C. married 
Thomas W. Higginbotham. 

Adams. — John Adams, of Maryland, married Susan Wood, and 
had — William, Sylvester, Richard, Philip, Benjamin, Susan, and 
Elizabeth. Philip was married first to Fannie Powell, by whom 
he had — Susan, Thomas, and Mary. He was married the second 
time to Matilda Foster, by whom he had one son, John Booker. 
Mr. Adams settled in Callaway county in 1839. John Booker is 
still living. He was married twice ; first to Miss Anna M. Allen, 
and second to Mrs. Sally E. Allen. 

Burt. — Moses Burt was a native of Germany, but emigrated to 
America, and settled in New Jerse)^ Times were very hard then, 
and wages very low. A great many persons were out of employ- 
ment, and glad to work for a living. Burt worked several months 
for a peck of corn a day, and was glad to get that. About the 
year 1776 he married Hannah Gru, and removed to Culpepper 
county, Va. In 1783 he emigrated to Kentucky, and settled in 
Scott "county, where he lived and died. He had ten children, 
six sons and four daughters. The names of the former were 
— Benjamin, Joseph, Ricliard, William, John, and James. Joseph 
and James were soldiers in the war of 1812. The former died, and 
the latter was killed on Lake Erie. Benjamin and Richard lived 
and died in Kentucky. John settled in Indiana. William was born 
in Culpepper county, Va., in 1776. He married Sarah Greenup, 
a daughter of Samuel Greenup, and niece of Governor Greenup, 
of Kentucky, and they had— Julia A., Polly, Franklin, Susan, 
Emily, Amanda, James, and Sarah. Polly died in Kentucky, and 
Mr. JBurt and the rest of his children, with the exception of Frank- 
lin, removed to Indiana. Franklin married Martha Craig, and 
settied in Callaway county. Mo., in 1835, where he has since 
resided. His wife died in October, 1872. The names of their 
children were — William D., James R., Mary E., Samuel E., 
Nancy J., Hiram W., Sally A., John H., and Amanda M. Mr. 
Burt is an industrious, honest, jovial gentleman, and a worthy 
and highly respected citizen. He says that when he first settled 
in Callaway county he raised large quantities of watermelons 
every year, of which he could eat more than any other man living,. 


Lis daily allowance being from fifteen to twenty large ones. 

Bentley. — Tlie children of John Bentley, of Warren county, 
Ky., were — Rebecca, John, James, Thomas, George, Mary, 
Nancy, and Rhoda. Rebecca married Uriah Sutherland, who set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1826. Thomas married Rhoda Hicker- 
son, and settled in that county two years later. John married 
Rhoda Patton, and removed to Callaway county, where she died. 
He then married Amanda Scott, who also died, and he was mar- 
ried the third time to Mrs. Harriet Yancy. George was married 
first to Jane Hall, and second to Polly Singer. 

Berry. — Richard, Edward, Frank, John, and Rachel Berry 
were children of an English family that settled in Kentucky at an 
early date. Richard married Polly Ewing, and settled in Darst's 
Bottom, St. Charles county, in 1820. Three years later he re- 
moved to Grand Prairie, in Callaway county. The names of his 
children were — CalepE., John, Edward G., Richard, Samuel H., 
Robert M., Elizabeth, Nancy, Margaret, and Mary J. Calep 
was at a public gathering of some kind, on a certain occasion, and 
seeing no convenient place to hitch his horse, he buckled the 
bridle to the stirrup of Colonel Warner's saddle. The Colonel's 
horse got loose after a while, and went home, a distance of twenty 
miles, taking Berry's horse with him. Both of the men had to 
walk the entire distance to recover their horses. Calep Berry 
married Virginia Fulkerson. John married Margaret Galbreth, 
and Edward G. married Sallie A. Galbreth. Richard was mar- 
ried twice ; first to Elizabeth Watts, and second to Mary Hamilton. 
Samuel H. was Sheriff of Callaway county two years. He mar- 
ried Eliza Watts. Robert was married first to Permelia Martin, 
and second to Elmily A. Scholl. Elizabeth was married first to 
Thomas Yocum, and second to John Watts. Nancy married John 
W. Johnson. Mary J. married James B. Yager. 

BuowN. — Joseph Brown, of Buckingham county, Va., married 
his cousin, Lucy Brown, and they had — Nathaniel, Frederick, 
Felix, Jonathan, James, Thomas, Stephen, Polly, and Patsey. 
Felix married Agnes Boaz, of Buckingham county, in 1808, and 
settled in St, Charles county, Mo., in 1819. The following year 
he removed to Callaway county. His children were — Joseph, 
Robert J., Elizabeth, Polly, William, John, Delila T., Jane, 
Martha L., Harriet, James, Paulina A., and Thomas F. " Mr. 
Brown was a soldier in the war of 1812. He was also a steam 
doctor, and an Ironside Baptist preacher. For man}' years he 
wore a long buckskin hunting shirt, reaching almost to his heels, 
which caused him to present a singular appearance. He wore 
this strange garb in the pulpit as well as everywhere else, and 
his congregations no doubt imagined that he bore a strong resem- 
blance to the patriarchs of old. He wtts very positive Ih his 
opinions, and would never admit that he was in the wrong on any 


question, if he could possibly avoid it. lie believed thathe could 
do anything that any other man could, and one day he endeavored 
to temper a cross-cut saw that belonged to one of his neighboi's. 
The saw was ruined, and the owner sued him for its value. The 
case went though a number of courts, and was the source of a 
great deal of amusement. 

BoswEix. — Matthew Boswell, of Albemarle county, Va., was a 
cooper by trade. He married Nancy Maire, and settled in Calla- 
way county, Mo., in 1835. Their children were — Barbara, Marj-. 
Marshall P., Elizabetli, Harriet, John H., Frances, Matthew M., 
James W., Thornas, and Martha M. Barbara married Willis 
Hall, who settled in Callaway county in 1835. Elizabeth married 
James Simpson, who became a citizen of that county in 1836. He 
subsequently died, and she was married again to John Blunkall, 
who settled in Callaway county in 1834. Harriet was married 
first to Robert Ansel, and after his death to John Bentley, both 
early settlersof Callaway county. Frances married James Field. 
Martha M. married Abraham Brendonburgh. 

Bethel. — Samuel Bethel, of Smith county, Tennessee, married 
Rebecca Patton, and settled in Callaway county in 1820, and 
was elected Justice of the Peace the same year. He was a soldier 
of the war of 1812. 

Blackburn. — The parents of Robert Blackburn lived in Fairfax 
county, Va. Robert married Jane Fields. It was a runawa}- 
match, and they were married at the cross roads. The}' settled 
in Callaway county in 1838, and Mr. Blackburn died in 1845. 
His widow still survives in her 91st j'car. Tiieir children were — 
William, James, PMward, Thomas, Richard, Louis, Robert H., 
James S., Eveline, Amanda M., Mary J., and Margaret A. 

Boone. — George, a brother of Daniel Boone, married Nancy 
Lingell, and their children were — Squire, John, Samuel, Edward, 
George, Jr., Elizabeth, Martha, Sarah, Poll}', and Maria. Squire 
married and settled in St. Charles count}', Mo., where he died, 
leaving five sons and several daughters. The names of the sons 
were — Samuel, Hayden, Milo, Thomas, and John. Capt. Samuel, 
son of George Boone, Sr., married Anna Simpson, of Kentucky, 
by whom he had — Jeptha V., Mary A., Elizabeth C, Maxemille. 
Martha L., and Samuel T. Elizabeth C. married her first cousin, 
Dr. Banton Boone, who was a son of Edward Boone, and their 
son, Hon. Banton Boone, of Henry county, was chosen Speaker 
of the last House of Representatives of the State of Missouri. He 
is a young man of fine abilities and has a brilliant future before 
him. Dr. Banton Boone died of cholera, at his home on Prairie 
Fork creek, in Callaway county. Capt. Samuel Boone settled in 
Callaway county in 1818, and in 1820 he assisted in building the 
first Baptist Church erected in that county, which was called Salem. 
He was Judge of the County Court for some time, and a promi- 


nent and influential citizen. Edward, son of George Boone, Sr., 
married the widow Wtiite, whose maiden name was Dorcas 
Simpson. She was a sister of Capt. Samuel Boone's wife, and at 
the time of her marriage with Mr. Boone she had a son, Morgan 
B. White, who is stiil living in Callaway county. Her Boone 
children were — Banton, Rodolph, William, George L., Ann, Milley, 
Margaret, Maria, and Mary. 

Benson. — John and Thomas Benson settled in the State of 
Maryland. John married a Miss Edmonson, and remained in 
that State. Their children were — Thomas, Eden, Ruth, Eliza- 
beth, and Margaret. Eden married Sally Bell, and removed to 
Louisiana, where he made a fortune raising cotton. He then 
came to Missouri, and settled in Callaway county in 1823. After 
his removal to Missouri he speculated largely in lands, and at his 
death he left his children, of whom he had thirteen, wealthy. Jef- 
ferson B., a son of Thomas Benson, Sr., of Maryland, settled in 
Montgomery county. Mo., in 1832. He married Sarah Hays, and 
they had nine children. 

Broadwater. — Cliarles L. Broadwater was an Englishman. He 
came to America a short time before the commencement of the 
revolution, and when the war began, he joined the American army 
and served as a soldier during that memorable struggle. He after- 
ward married Behethler Sabaston, and they had three children — 
George, William E., and Anna M. George married Catharine 
Gunnell, and they had — Ann M., Henry, Arthur, John C. H., 
Elizabeth, Thomas, and George, Jr., alPof whom, except Arthur, 
settled in Missouri. William E., son of Charles L. Broadwater, 
married Margaret Darne, and they had three children, who, after 
the death of their father, came to Missouri with their mother, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1833. 

Board. — James Board, of New Jersey, marled Nancy Skiller, 
and they had a son named Philip, who married Ellen Thompson, 
by whom he had — James, William, John, Eliza, and Eleanor. His 
first wife died, and he afterward married a widow lady named 
Mitchell, by whom he had — David, Joseph, Thomas, Cornelius,- 
JMaria, Benjamin, and Nancy. John Board married Elizabeth 
Matthews, of Kentucky, and settled in Darst's Bottom, St. Charles 
county, in 1819, where he lived six years. During that time he 
assisted David Darst in catching a corn thief in a steel trap, and 
then helped to whip him. In 1825 he removed to Callaway county. 
The trip was made on one horse, which carried the entire family 
of husband, wife and child, with their household goods, etc. Mr. 
Board is a stone mason by trade, and built nearly all of the 
old-fashioned mammoth stone chimneys in his neighborhood. He 
has been married five times, and had twelve children. He is now 
in bis 83d year, and stout and hearty for a man of that age. He 
never wore gloves or over-shoes in his life, and his hands were 


never so cold but that he could thread a cambric needle. In 
disposition he has always been firm, even to obstinacy, and always 
endeavored to have a mind of his own on every subject. 

Bishop. — James Bishop came to America with the Penn colony, 
and settled in Pennsylvania. He afterward married Elizabeth 
Penn, a sister of William Penn, by whom he had eight children. 
He died in his 99th year. The names of his children were — Jesse, 
Rachel, James, Thomas, William, Samuel, Polly, and Rebecca. 
Samuel married Sarah Viah, of Virginia, by whom he had — Tisa 
D., Mary E., David J., Granville, Beverly A., William C, Frank, 
Edwin L., Sarah V., Ardena F., and Samuel A. Mr. Bishop and 
his family settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1835. 

Basket. — Martin, James, Jesse, and John Basket were sons of 
Jesse Basket, Sr., of Nicholas county, Kentucky. Martin and 
James settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1821 ; Jesse and John 
married and remained in Kentucky. Martin married Jane Baker, 
of Kentucky, by whom he had a son and daughter. James mar- 
ried Mary Baker, of Kentucky, by whom he had five sons and 
four daughters. Mr. Basket was Circuit Clerk of Callaway county 
for six years, and in 1835 he was elected one of the Judges of the 
County Court. He was a good man, and respected by all who 
knew him. 

Boyd. — Thomas Boyd, of Pennsylvania, married Grezelda 
Allen, of the same State, and settled first in Montgomery county, 
Ky., from whence they removed to Callaway county. Mo., in 1827. 
Their children were — Robert, John, Joseph, Thomas, Jane, and 
Eleanor. Robert married Margaret' Rallston, and died in 1872, 
without issue. Colonel John Boyd, still living in Callaway 
county, was a soldier in the war of 1812. He married Mary A. 
Scott, of Missouri, by whom he liad — William S., John R., 
Joseph, Benjamin F., Charles O., Edward L., Grezelda A., 
Lydia A., George F., Mary P^., Sarah E., and Thomas A. The 
first sev^n are living. Joseph, son of Thomas Boyd, Sr., married 
Ann King, by whom he had — Malinda J., James E., Thomas G., 
Cynthia A., Robert M., John K., Grezelda M., Elizabeth S., 
Caroline H., Joseph W. W., and Newton C. Mr. Boyd settled 
in Callaway county in 1822. Thomas, son of Thomas Boyd, Sr., 
married Ann Davis, by whom he had — Eliza, Thomas, Grezelda, 
Mary J., Amanda, and Margaret. Jane Boyd married Isaac P. 
Howe, by whom she had — Jane,. William, John, Thomas, David, 
Harvey, Margaret, and Mary. Ellen married Thomas Caldwell, 
who settled in Callaway county in 182G. 

Baynham. — Dr. Baynhamj of London, England, settled in Vir- 
ginia in 1775. His son, William, married Mary Wyatt, by whom 
he had — Jonah, Mary, Millie, William, Joseph, and John. The 
latter married Sarah Blackwell, of Halifax county, Va., and they 
had — Mary, William G., Harriet B., John, Joseph, Charles M., 


and Grief II. Mr. Baynham died in Virginia, and his wife afterward 
married John W. Blackwell, by whom she had twelve move chil- 
dren. Grief H. Baynham came to Callaway county, Mo., in 
1831, with his step-father, and hired out to work on a farm, at 
the rate of fifty cents per day. He has since made a fortune, be- 
sides raising a large family of children. He married Martha E. 
Gaines, of Callaway county. 

Bright. — David Bright, of Pennsylvania, married Mary Gale, 
and settled in the western part of Virginia in 1785. Their chil- 
dren were — Polly, Michael, David, Jr., Jesse, and George. Polly 
married a Mr. Weaver, and died in Pennsylvania. Michael mar- 
ried Sally Price, of Virginia, by whom he had — David, Samuel, 
Margaret, Jesse, Elizabeth, Michael, Jr., Sarah, Mary A., Jackell, 
and Washington. Of these children we have the following his- 
tory: David, Margaret, and Samuel remained in Virginia. Mary 
A. married Ephraim Howe, who settled in Callaway county at an 
early date. They had one child, Sally A., who is the widow of 
Thomas Wright, and lives in Columbia, Mo. Jesse came to Mis- 
souri, and married a widow lady named Thompson, who died of 
cholera, while traveling on a steamboat on the ^lississippi river 
in 1849. Elizabeth married Robert Calhoun, of Audrain county, 
by whom she had — Robert O., Joshua J., Margaret, William, 
Virginia, and Samuel. Michael Jr., was born in Greenbriar 
county, Va., in 1810. He was married in 1832 to Jane McClung, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1837. He served as a member 
of the County Court for eight years. Sarah married David Pat- 
terson, of Callaway county. Washington settled in Callaway 
county in 1838. He married Esther Rapp, of Virginia. 

Brown. — John Brown, of Pennsylvania, married Jane Shannon, 
and settled in Scott county, Ky. Their children were — John, 
William, Mary, Jane, Nancy, and Ann. John married Elizabeth 
Ewing, and lived in Kentucky. William married Margaret D. 
Hamilton, and also lived in Kentucky. His children were — Alex- 
ander, Samuel, James, Robert, Charles, Sally, Margaret, Rachel 
W. J., Polly, Nancy, and Jane. Margaret married her cousin, 
William Brown, and they had — Charles H., John, Sarah, James, 
Margaret, Robert William, and George S., all of whom settled in 
Callaway county in 1834. Charles H., John, James, and Robert 
are large land owners and cattle raisers. The former married 
Amanda McCanny ; John married Jane Robinson ; Jane married 
Catharine F. Holman, and Robert married Mary A. Fry. George 
S., son of William Brown, Sr., lives in Mexico, Mo. He has been 
married twice ; first to Margaret Smith, and second to Laura 
Payne. Margaret, daughter of William Brown the second, mar- 
ried John Bailus, and died, leaving four children. 

Blattenberg. — Jacob Blattenberg, of Pennsylvania, married 
Mary Read, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county in 1824. 


His children wore — Eliza, Mary, Margaret, Emma A., Philip H., 
and George. 

BuRCH. — Leonard Burch, of IVIaryland, was married twice; 
first to a Miss Webster, by whom he had— Jarues, Thomas, John, 
and Nancy ; and second to a Miss Crow, by whom he had — 
Stiraan, Stephen, Sally, Susan, and Catharine. James, the eldest 
son by the first wife, was married in 180G to Mary Padgett, of 
Virginia, by whom he had — Lucy, Thomas, Nelson, Joseph, and 
Nancy. He died in 1816, and in 1841 his widow and two of her 
daughters settled in Callaway county. Mo., where the former died 
in 1853. Thomas, son of Leonard Burch, married the widow of 
Thomas Hall, whose maiden name was Susan S. Clarby, of Am- 
herst county, Va. He settled in Callaway county in 1830. 
Joseph, son James Burch, married Elizabeth Chaney, of Boone 
county. Mo,, and settled in Callaway county in 1831. Lucy, his 
sister, married James L. Whittington, of Callaway county. 
Nancy never married, and died in Bates county. Mo. 

Bruner. — John Bruner was of German extraction. He settled 
in Clark county, Ky., and was married four times. His son, 
Stephen, married Elizabeth Strood and settled in Boone county. 
Mo., in 1820. His children were — John W., James M., Mary, 
Jacob T., George W., Edward T., and Robert S. After Mr. 
Bruner's death, his widow married Stephen King, who was an 
early settler of Callaway county. 

BouLWARE. — Richard Boulware was an Irishman by birth, but 
lived in Essex county, Va. He married Esther Ramsey, who was 
born in England, and they had six children —Catharine, Mordecai, 
Richard, Theodoric, Ramsey, and Martha. In the fall of 1784 
Mr. Boulware and his family left Virginia and made their way 
on pack horses through the wilderness to Garrard county, Ky., 
where they settled. Theodoric was born in Essex county, Va., 
November 13, 1780, After he grew up he united with the Old 
Baptist Church, and became a minister of that sect. He was 
married April 17, 1808, to Sarah W. Kelley, by whom he had — 
Stephen G., James R., Theodoric F., Daniel R., Jane C, Cordelia 
A., Susan M., Jeptha, and Isaac W. In 1827 Mr. Boulware 
came to Missouri with his family, and settled near Fulton, in Cal- 
laway county, where he taught school and preached in various 
churches of his denomination for many years. He lost his wife 
in January, 1854, and in June, 1855, he married Mrs. P^lizabeth 
H. Offutt, who died in December, 1857. Mr. Boulware was a 
man of a superior order of talents, possessed a fine flow of language, 
and ready wit. He was highly respected by the people of his 
community, and loved by the members of his church. 

Bradley. — Thomas Bradley, of Kentucky, married Fannie 
Bush, by whom he had — F. B., Lucy A., Thomas, and Milton, 
all of whom settled in Callaway county in 1828. 


BuKGETT. — John Burgett lived at or near New Madrid, Mo., in 
1811-12, and was one of the victims of the dreadful earthquakes 
at that time and place. He struggled against his misfortune for 
several 3^ears, but finally, in 1817, he left that part of the country 
and settled in Callaway county. His wife was Elizabeth Coonse, 
by whom he had — Josiah and Eli. The former married Polly 
Zumwalt, by whom he had — Jacob, Elizabeth, John T., and 
Sarah. His first wife died, and he was married again to Catha- 
rine Gilman, and they had — Thomas B. and Sterling P. 

Brooks. — Benjamin Brooks was a soldier of the revolutionary 
•war. He settled first in Franklin county, Va. ; removed from 
there to Kentucky, but soon afterward returned to Virginia. He 
-was married twice, and had two children, Mary and William. 
William married Mary Sellers, daughter of Andrew Sellers, a 
revolutionary soldier. The student of history will remember that 
in early days in Virginia a number of young girls were brought 
from England and sold to the settlers for wives, to pay their pas- 
sage across the ocean. Mr. Sellers obtained his wife in that way, 
paying twenty pounds sterling for her ; and she made a good and 
loving wife. The children of William Brooks were — Andrew, John, 
Clifford, Ewell, Pleasant D., Irene, Drusilla, Julia, and Nancy. 
Pleasant D. married Frances Gilbert, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1834. His first wife died, and he was married the 
second time to a widow lady named Lovelace. Ewell, his brother, 
married Lourena Gilbert, and settled in Callaway county in 1837. 

Bartley. — John Bartley was a native of Scotland ; his wife was 
born in Turkey. Tliey came to America a number of years before 
the revolution, and when the war began, their son, Joshua, who 
was only eighteen years of age, enlisted in the American army. 
He soon manifested great gallantry and fine soldierly qualities, for 
which he was promoted to the rank of Captain, a position which 
he held during the remainder of the war. Soon after peace was 
declared he married Elizabeth Allen, who was a niece of General 
Nathaniel Greene, and they had — Allen, John, James, William, 
George, Polly, Nancy, and Elizabeth. Mr. Bartley settled in 
Kentucky, and his sons, Allen, John and James, became volun- 
teers from that State in the war of 1812. John married Winifred 
Bagby, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1829, 
where he died in 1849. His children were — George G., John J., 
WilUam W., Joshua W., Joseph D., Daniel M., Andrew J., Sarah 
E., and Susan A. George, the youngest son of Joshua Bartley, 
Sr., was educated by his brother John, and in 1820 he came to 
Missouri and settled in Callaway county, where he married Elizabeth 
Moore, and raised a large family, most of whom still live in that 
county. He was appointed Deputy County and Circuit Clerk at 
an early date, and was afterward elected Circuit Clerk, which 
position he held for eighteen consecutive years. He also served 


as Judge of the County Court for three terms. During his resi- 
dence in Missouri he made several trips to Santa Fe, New Mexico,, 
on trading expeditions. 

Beaven. — John, Charles, and Sally Beaven were the children of 
Richard Beaven, of Maryland. Charles married Anna Saucier, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1824. His children were — 
Richard, William, Robert, Zadock, Theodore, Walter, Polly, 
Elizabeth, Julia A., Eliza, and Permelia. 

BoYCE. — Robert C. Boyce, of Lincoln county, Ky., settled in 
Callaway county in 1829. He married Ann Murphy, by whom he 
had— Marion C, Greenberry D., Harrison A., Charles L., John 
R., Wharton B., Ann M., Eliza, Susan, and Sarah. 

Bush. — Frank Bush, of Clark county, Ky,, married Lucy Davis, 
by whom he had — William, Polly, Nancy, Elizabeth, Mary, and 
Fanny. Mr. Bush was married the second time to Rachel Martin, 
by whom he had — Fielding, Jordan, Lucy, and Sally. Fanny 
married Thomas Bradley, who settled in Callaway county in 1828. 
Elizabeth married Daniel Oliver, who settled in that county in 
1833. Jordan married Sally Stewart, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1829. 

Bennett. — Joseph Bennett, of Maryland, married Margaret 
Davis, and settled in Madison county, Ky. In 1820 he removed 
to Missouri and settled in Boone county, where he remained until 
1838, when he removed to Callaway county. His children are — 
Moses, Joel, Jesse D,, Milton, Elijah, Sedreia B., Elizabeth, 
Nancy, Rebecca, Margaret, Emily, and Mary. The Bennetts 
are relatives of Jefferson Davis, ex-President of the late Con- 
federate States. 

Brooks. — James Brooks married Elizabeth Holt, daughter of 
Timothy Holt, and settled in Callaway county in 1819. His chil- 
dren were — Robert, John, Elizabeth, Winifred, Ann, Fanny, 
and James. 

Brandon. — Robert Brandon married Jane Holt, daughter of 
Timothy Holt, and settled in Callaway county in 1832. His 
children are — Ann, Smith, Sarah, Frances, and Elizabeth. 

Blythe. — John Blythe, of Kentucky, married Sallie Carter, by 
whom he had — Daniel, Samuel, Matilda, John, William, Peggy, 
Sally, Polly, Abbie, Patsey, and Maria. Mr. Blythe settled in 
Callaway county in 1817. Samuel married Sally H. Russell. 
William was married first to Matilda Denton, and second to Maria 
Coonse. Polly married Price Holt. Matilda married Isaac Zum- 
walt. They live in Callaway county. 

Bryant. — William Bryant, of Kentucky, married Rachel Wil- 
cox, by whom he had — Jerry, Hiram, Thomas, Henry, Susan,, 
and Benjamin. They settled in Callaway county in 1820. Jerry 
married Martha Plummer, by whom he had twelve children, seve» 


of whom lived to be grown, and married and settled in Callaway 

Brooks. — Thomas Brooks, of Virginia, married Elizabeth Bul- 
lard, and settled in Callaway county in 1819. His children were 
— Thomas, Jr., Churchill, Elcham, Theophilus, Jane, Elizabeth, 
William, James, George R., Lafayette, Lorenzo, and Sarah, most 
of whom live in Callaway county. 

Berry. — Richard, Edward, Frank, John, and Rachel Berry 
were the children of an Engli&h family that settled in Kentucky. 
Richard married Polly Ewing, by whom he had — Frank, Caleb 
E., John, Edward G., Richard, Jr., Samuel H., Robert M., Eliz- 
abeth, Nancy, Margaret, and Mary J. Mr. Berry settled in 
Darst's Bottom, St. Charles county, in 1820, and in 1823 he re- 
moved to Grand Prairie, in Callaway county, where he died in 
1843. His wife died in 1829. Frank, his eldest son, died a 
bachelor. Caleb E. married Virginia Fulkerson, of Darst's Bot- 
tom, and settled in Callaway county. John married Margaret 
Galbreth, and settled in Callaway county, where he died in 1851. 
Edward Q. married Sally A. Galbreth. Richard was married 
first to Elizabeth Watts, and 'second to Mary Hamilton. Samuel 
H. married Elizabeth Wells. He was Sherff of Callaway countj- 
several times. Robert M. was married first to Perraelia Martin, 
and second to Emily A. Scholl. Elizabeth was married first to 
Thomas Yocum, and second to John Watts. Nancy married 
John W. Johnson. Margaret married Joseph Dunham. Mary J. 
married James B. Yager. 

Bird. — The children of Abraliam Bird, of Shenandoah Co., 
Va., were — George, Andrew, Marcus, and Abraham. The latter 
married Mary Holker, of Virginia, and they had — Nancy, John, 
George, Abraham, Marcus, William, Rebecca, Mary, Elizabeth, 
and Catharine. Marcus settled in Callaway county in 1826, and 
married Eliza J. Talbott, daughter of Dr. James Talbott, of 
Montgomery county, and she is the only one of the original Tal- 
bott family that is still living. Mr. Bird was Cqunty Surveyor of 
Callaway county for thirty-six years. 

Barnes. — Richard Barnes, of Boone county, North Carolina, 
had — Elias, Equilles, Richard, Samuel, Shadrach, Amos, Abra- 
ham, and Sally. Elias, Equilles and Shadrach were in the rev- 
olutionary war, and Equilles was killed at the battle of Cow 
Pens. Amos, Shadrach and Sally (who married Randall Simms), 
settled in Madison county, Ky. Amos afterward removed to 
Howard Co., Mo., where he lived and died. Shadrach was mar- 
ried in North Carolina, to Hannah Turner, and had three chil- 
dren at the time of his removal to Kentucky. They went from 
North Carolina to Kentucky on pack-horses. Mr. Barnes subse- 
quently removed to Missouri, and settled in Howard county. He 
died in Boonville, Mo., in the 92d year of his age. His children 


were — Elizabeth, Piquilles, Philip, Sally, James, Amos, John, 
Abraham, Benjamin, Nellie, Thomas, and Sophia. Elizabeth 
married William Taylor, who settled in St. Charles county, Mo., 
in 1810. EquiUes .married Dolly Herndon, and settled in How- 
ard county. Philip married Fanny Barnes, his cousin, and also 
settled in Howard county. Sally married William Ridgeway, who 
settled in Boone county. James married Elizabeth Burkhart, and 
settled in Boone county. He was one of the noted pioneer Bap- 
tist preachers of Missouri, and during the Indian war he taught 
school in Cooper's Fort, and the afterwards celebrated Kit Car- 
son was one of his pupils. In 1815 he went to New Orleans 
with a fiatboat loaded with nine different kinds of wild meat, be- 
sides honey, corn, potatoes, onions, furs, hides, deer and elk 
horns, etc. He died in 1875, in his 87th year. Amos Barnes 
married Dorcas Kincaid, and settled in Boone county. John 
married Sally Hubbard, and settled in the same county. Abra- 
ham married Grace Jones, and settled in Cooper county. Benja- 
min married Lucretia Simms, and settled on the line between 
Boone and Callaway counties, in 1819. He raised a large family 
of children, and is the only one of his father's family now living. 
He is a sociable old gentleman, and fond of fun and jokes. Dur- 
ing his younger days he made seven trips to Sante Fe, New Mex- 
ico, and rode the same little pony every time. He was Captain 
of a wagon train, and received good pay. Nellie Barnes married 
Harris Jameson, who settled in Boone county. Thomas mar- 
ried Susan Fields, and settled in Cooper county. Sophia mar- 
ried Jefferson Boggs, a brother of Governor Boggs, and settled 
in Cooper county. 

Burt. — John Burt, of Orleans Co., Vt., removed to Ohio in 
1815. His three sons, John A., Henry, and George W., came to 
Callaway county. Mo., from 181!> to. 1821. They were mill- 
wrights by trade, and built the first water mill in Montgomery 
county, for Col. Irvine Pitman. After a number of years the 
mill was moved away, and the large water wheel left standing. 
The action of the water of course kept it constantly turning, and 
the negroes and a few superstitious white people of the vicinity 
imagined that spirits had something to do with it, and could not 
be induced to go near the place. The Burts also built the first 
water mill in Callaway county. Henry Burt died in 1823, leaving 
no family. John represented Callaway county in the Legislature 
four years, was Judge of the County Court seven years, and died 
in 1855. He married Bathsheba Fulkerson, of St. Charles Co., 
and they had nine children. Major George W. Burt served in 
the war of 1812, when he was only fifteen years of age, and was 
captured by the British. He married Erretta VanBibber, 
daughter of Major Isaac VanBibber, and great-granddaughter of 
Daniel Boone. When he asked the consent of her father to the 


marriage, the old gentleman replied in a loud tone of voice that 
he could have her if he wanted her, but she was a "contrary 
stick," and if he could do anything with her he was welcome to 
her; but he didn't want him to send her back on his hands. 
Major Burt gladly accepted the "contrary stick," and obtained a 
good, wife by so doing. They prospered beyond their expecta- 
tions, and accumulated a fortune. Major Burt was a money 
loaner for manj' years, but would never accept more interest than 
the law allowed hira. He always paid every cent he owed, and 
collected all that was due him. lie was a good man, and re- 
spected by the entire community where he lived. He died in 
March, 1876, in his 78th year, leaving a widow and one son, 
Huron. They also had a daughter, but she died many years ago. 
Major Burt was in poor health for about thirty years before his 
death, and his complaint often carried him apparentl}^ to the 
verge of the grave. 

Cress. — James Cress, of Virginia, married Judith Bybee, and 
they had one child, William C, who settled in Callaway county 
in 1833. He married Martha A. Thomas, and they had four sons 
and three daughters. Mrs. Cress died in 1858, and her husband 
afterward married Frances Gannaway. Mr. Cress owns the cele- 
brated Boone Hays place in Callaway county. 

CoKDKR. — Benjamin Corder, of Virginia, married Rebecca 
Runion, and they had — John, William, James, Ephraim, P^lias, 
Polly, Susan, Hannah, Eliza, and Rebecca. James was married 
twice ; first to Judith Murray, and second to Leah J. H3'lton. 
He settled first in Benton county. Mo., and removed from there 
to Callawa}^ in 1838. 

Covington. — Melchizedec Coving-ton was born in North Caro- 
lina, and lost both of his parents when he was quite young , con- 
sequently he received but little attention from any one, and 
grew up without an education. When he was grown he went to 
Christian Co., Ky., where, in 17!)U, he married Catharine Suddith, 
who was born in Fairfax county, Va. In 1827 they loaded their 
effects into a little one-horse wagon, and with their seven children, 
came to Callaway county, Mo. They had $15 in money when 
they started, and when they arrived at the end of their journey 
had but 50 cents left. Mr. Covington rented some land and 
went to work, and then as he became able he entered land 
and obtained a home of his own. He raised thirteen children, 
six sons and seven daughters, and died at the age of 86 years. 

Crowson. — William Crowson and Mary Thomas, his wife, lived 
in East Tennessee. Their children were — Moses, John, Jacob, 
Abraham, Isaac, Thomas, Jonathan, Richard, Aaron, and Jane. 
Thomas married Jane Vinson, whose father, Daniel Vinson, came 
from Tennessee to Old Franklin, Howard county, in a keel-boat 
of his own construction. He was on the different rivers 


seven months. Mr. Crowson and his wife had fifteen children, 
twelve of whom are living, and the youngest is thirty-six 
years of age. Mr. Crowson was a very benevolent man, and 
sold corn on credit to all who were not able to pay the cash 
for it. When persons came with the money, he told them to go 
and buy of those who would not sell on credit to poor, suffering 

Chick. — The widow of Harding Chick, of Christian county, 
Ky., came to Callaway county. Mo., in 1830, with eight of her 
children, viz. : Elizabeth, Polly, Nancy, Fanny, Frank, Lucy, 
Adeline, and Joseph. She had six other children— Elijah, Will- 
iam, Harding, Asa, Alexander, and Amanda — who remained in 
Kentucky. Elizabeth Chick married Alexander Reade, and they 
had a son, named John, who settled Readesville. John was a 
smf 11 man, and he married Sarah Moxley, who was a very small 
woman. They built a small house, bought a small cow that had 
a small calf, and all their dogs, pigs, and chickens were small. 

Collins. — William Collins, of Halifax county, Va., married 
Martha Isbell, and settled in Sumner county, Tennessee, where 
they had — Elizabeth, Thomas, George, Daniel, Nancy, William, 
Barba, Samuel, and Martha. Mr. Collins died, and in 1808 his 
widow and children removed to Christian county, Ky. Barba 
was a soldier of the war of 1812, and was at the battle of New- 
Orleans. He married Martha Johns, and settled in Callawaj^ 
county, Mo., in 1831, where they had twelve children. Mrs. 
Collins died, and he was married the second time to the widow of 
William Reade, whose maiden name was Polly Chick. She died 
also, and he was married the third time to the widow McMurtry, 
whose maiden name was Serena Hays, daughter of Boone Hays, 
and gi'eat-granddaughter of Daniel Boone. Mr. Collins had nine 
children by his three wives, and is a widower again, in his 83d 

Curd. — Doctors Isaac and Thomas Curd, and their sister Cath- 
arine, were born in Albermarle county, Va. Dr. Isaac married 
Jane Watkins, and in 1824 he removed to Ross county, Ohio. In 
1831 he came to Missouri and settled in Callaway count}'. His 
children were — Catharine, Martha, John, Thomas, Isaac, Edward, 
and two named Martha, both of whom died while infants. Cath- 
arine married Frank Diggs, John and Isaac live in St. Joseph, 
Mo., and Edward is a banker in Fulton. 

Cason. — William Cason married Nancy Hawkins, of Kentucky, 
by whom he had — Hawkins, William, Larkin, and Benjamin. 
Hawkins settled in Callaway county in 1827, and died a bachelor. 
William married Sarah J. Overton, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1828. Larkin married Nancy Suggett, and settled in 
that county in 1831. Benjamin was married first to Mary J. 
Hawkins, who died in 1834, and he was married the second time 


-to Ann E. Overton, who died in March, 1872. After her death 
he married the widow of Dr. Thomas Hardin, of Boone county. 

Crump. — Richard Crump, of Virginia, was born in 1772, and 
was married in 1796 to Sarah Smith of that State. Their chil- 
dren were — Lucinda, Turner, Nancy, Richard W. S., America, 
Thompson S., Henry S., Sally, Mary F,, James S., John H., 
Benedict, and Lydia A. Mr. Crump settled in Callaway county 
in 1820. America, his third daughter, was drowned in the Ken- 
tucky river in 1819. His sons all made fortunes, and are good 
and highl}' respected citizens. 

Callerson. — Reuben Callerson, of Augusta county, Va., marr 
ried Elizabeth Mitchell, and they settled first in Kentucky, from 
whence they removed to Missouri. Their children were — James, 
John, Robert, William, Elizabeth, Isabella, Dorothea, Nancy, 
Polly, Jane, Martha, Margaret, and Ann. Robert, Polly, Doro- 
thea, and Isabella came to Missouri. James married Nancy 
Chick, by whom he had six children. John married a Miss Lock- 
ridge, and died leaving a widow and three children. William 
married Nancy Moore, by whom he had eleven children. Eliza- 
beth married Andrew Hamilton, and they both died without issue. 
Nancy and Martha never married. Jane married John Board, 
and they had three children. Ann married a Mr. Gilmore, and is 
now a widow. 

Coil. — Jacob and Elizabeth Coil were natives of Ireland, but 
came to America and settled in Bourbon Co., K}'., where they 
had — Solomon, Noah, John, George, Elizabeth, Elijah, Polly, and 
Margaret. Solomon and Noah settled in Callaway county in 
1825. The former died in 1842 and the latter in 1843. Noah 
married Elizabeth Lail, by whom he had nine children. John 
Coil also settled in Callaway county, and married Dinah* Brad- 
ford He died in 1865. P^lijah married Xiucinda Lail, and died 
in 1863. Elizabeth, Polly, and Margaret remained in Kentucky. 

CuLBERTSON. — Joscph Culbertsou was born in Pennsylvania, 
but removed to Bourbon county, Ky. He was married first to 
Elizabeth Martin, by whom he had — Samuel, John, Joseph, Alex- 
ander, Robert, Patsey, and Polly. He was married the second 
time to a Miss McClannahan, by whom he had four children. 
Samuel, John, Robert, and Polly settled in Indiana. Patsey 
married and removed to Ohio. Joseph was married in 1829, to 
Sallie A. Griffin, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county, 
Mo., in 1832. Their children are — Joscph M., James A. G., 
Amanda J., Rosa E., Mary A., Sarah A., William T., and Sam- 
uel A. 

Carter. — Adam Carter, of Virginia, married Mary A. Roberts, 
and they had — Joseph R., Robert H., Elizabeth, Willi&m, and 
Creed C. Joseph and Robert remained in Virginia. Elizabeth 
married Gibson Goodrich, who Settled in -Callaway county in 


1830. Their children were — Martha P., Abraham C, Joseph, 
Edwin, Robert, Mary, Rebecca, and Elizabeth. William Carter 
died in Arkansas. Creed C. married Mary Clansburg, in 1822, 
and in 1830 he settled in Callaway county. They had — Thoma& 
A., Emily J., Mary C, Nancy E., Susan E., Ann M., Phoebe E,. 
Amanda S., and Robert C. 

Crook. — John Crook, of Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth Deen, 
by whom he had seventeen children. His son John married Mar- 
garet Hughart, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county in 
1834. His children were — Martha E., Trennvilla J., Elizabeth 
M., Letitia E., Mary C, Sophia M., and John. Mr. Crook and 
his wife lived together fift3^-one years, and never had a quarrel ; 
nor did he ever quarrel with one of his neighbors. He lived in 
Callaway county fifty years without going beyond its limits. 

CooNES. — Jacob Coones, of Virginia, married Lettie Kemper, 
by whom he had— Nancy, Henry, Jacob, and Joseph. Nancy 
married Robert Evans, and died in Kentucky. Henry married 
Nancy p]vans, and settled in Callaway county in 1836. Their 
children were — John W.. Isaac F., Joseph N., Louisiana J., 
Cynthia A., Nancy M., and Mary J. Mr. Coones and his wife 
were members of the Christian Church. Jacob Coones married 
Jane Howe, and settled in Callaway county in 1830. Their chil- 
dren were — Joseph W., John D., Cynthia J., Amanda, and Eliza- 
beth. Joseph Coones married Lacretia I. Dalzell, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1836. They had — Thomas J., William H., 
Joseph W., Robert, Nancy A., Isaiah, and Martha. 

Craighead. — Robert M. and Isaiah Craighead were brothei'S, 
and they had a nephew named John who was a son of their 
brother John, of Virginia. Robert M. married Nancy Powell, 
and they had — William, Solomon, Robert, Jr., Jonathan, Ste- 
phen, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, and Nancy. They settled in Cal- 
laway county in 1819. Isaiah married Feminine Robinson, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1830. His children were — John R., 
George, James, Isaiah W., William A. B.,, Jane, and Nancy P. 
John R. married Sarah Hall, and they had — Isaiah O., John W., 
Mark A., James, Patrick H., Caroline, and Lucy J. John Craig- 
head, the nephew of Robert and Isaiah, married Julia Smith, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1828. 

Coats. — Rev. William Coats was born in South Carolina. When 
grown he removed to Smith county, Tennessee, where he married 
Nancy Baker, by whom he had — .James, William, John, Wilson, 
Hiram, Lemuel B., Rachel, Frankie, Tabitha, Mahala, Nancy, and 
Laodocea. In 1817 Mr. Coats removed with his family to Calla- 
way count}-, Mo., and settled on the prairie which has since 
borne his name. There was no minister in that part of the coun- 
try at that time, and his neighbors appointed him to preach, which 
duty he performed at stated intervals until his death. He organ- 


izecl most of the Old Baptist Cliurches in tliat region. His son 
James married Polly Callaway, of Tennessee, by whom he had 
two fchildren — Matthias S. and Laura A. William Coats, Jr., was 
married first to Patsey Tracy, and second to the widow McLaugh- 
lan, whose maiden name was Celia Callaway. John married 
Nancj'^ Smith. He was Sheriff of Callaway county for several 
years, and was a good auctioneer. Wilson married a Miss 
Phillips, and moved to California. Hiram married Permelia 
Walker, and was afterward killed by lightning. Lemuel B. mar- 
ried EUzabeth Maddox. Rachel married Robert Reade, and is 
now a widow. Frankie married a Mr. McLaughlan. Tabitha 
married William Callawa3^ Nancy married Joseph P. Callaway. 
Laodocea married Daniel Phillips. 

Callaway. — Joseph Callaway, of South Carolina, married Polly 
Barrett, by whom he had — John, Nancy, Joseph, Jr., Polly, 
Elizabeth, William, Vinson, Cenia, and Thomas. Mr. Callaway 
removed to Tennessee in 1804, and in 1818 he settled on Coats' 
Prairie, in Callaway county. His sons John and Tliomas served 
in the war of 1812. Thomas married Elizabeth Griffith, and set- 
tled on Crow Fork, a branch of Auxvasse creek. During the 
night of July 4, 1831, there came a very heavy rain, which raised 
the creek so that it washed away his stable and smoke house. He 
had a horse in the stable, which by some means, climbed into the 
loft, got out at the window and swam ashore. The smoke house 
contained some meat and a barrel of whisk}', which Mr. Callaway 
succeeded in bringing ashore with a sugar trough, which he used 
as a canoe. Mr. Callaway died some time ago, but his widow is 
still living. 

Ckow. — Joseph Crow, of Nelson county, Ky., married Sarah 
Humphreys, and settled in Callaway county in 1819. His chil- 
dren were — John H., Roily H., Joseph R., Mary, Elizabeth, 
Nancy, and Sarah A. 

Childs. — Benjamin Childs, of Halifax county, Va., married 
Elizabeth Falkner, by whom he had — John H., William F., 
Henry, Samuel, Kcziah, Nancy, and Mary. John H. married 
Mary I3oyster and settled in Callaway caunty in 1835. His chil- 
dren are — William H., John D., Benjamin F., Samuel J., Henry 
C, Walter S., Nathaniel R., Elizabeth, Frances, Ann, and 
Salad ay. 

Curry. — William Curr}', of Ireland, married Sarah Bigun, em- 
igrated to America, and settled first in Virginia, from whence he 
removed to Mercer c6unty, Ky. They had — WiUiam, James, 
Robert, Samuel, John, Ann, Polly, and Jennie. John married 
Polly McCamly, of Kentucky, by whom he had — William, Ro- 
sana, Sarah, and Nancy. Mr. Curry settled in Callaway county in 
1828. His son William married Mary Snell. Rosaina married 
William Nasgal. Sally married Josiah Dixon. Nancy married 


Justice Murphy. All of the above are living in Callaway county. 

Cheatham. — James Cheatham, of Kentucky, married Miss 
Turley, by whom he had — David C. and Turley, both of whom 
settled in Callaway county in 1834. David C. married Amanda 

Creswell. — James Creswell, of Ireland, married a Miss Mac- 
kennon, of Pennsylvania, and settled in Kentucky, where they 
had — Martha, Robert, William, George, Ehzabeth, John, Sally 
A., Jane, and James. Mr. Creswell and four of his children set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1827. Robert Creswell, his son, set- 
tled ill St. Charles county in 1818. He was a carpenter and did 
the wood work on Colonel Nathan Boone's stone house, on Femme 
Osage creek. He also assisted in making Daniel Boone's second 
colRn. In 1819 he and his brother WiUiam removed to and set- 
tled in Callaway county. Robert married Nancy Nevens, and 
William married Eliza Nichols. George married Elizabeth Fitz- 
hugh. James married Jane Allen, and Jane married Singleton 

Caldwell. — Robert Caldwell, of Scotland, was married in 
South Wales, emigrated to America, and settled in Pennsylvania, 
where he had a son, Robert, Jr., who married Mary Stephenson, 
and settled in Bourbon county, Ky. His children were — James, 
Robert, William, John, Alexander, Thomas and Patsey. Thomas 
married Eleanor Boyd, and settled in Callaway county in 1826. 
He established the pottery works there, now known as Potters- 
ville. His children were — Robert, Thomas, Jr., James, John, 
Newton, and Grizella. Robert, brother of Thomas Caldwell, Sr., 
married Anna Avery, and settled in Callaway county' in 1844. 

Clatterbuck. — Reuben Clatterbuck, of Virginia, settled first 
in Shelby county, Ky., and removed from there to Callaway 
county. Mo., in 1826. His children were — John, Leroy, James, 
Cageby, Richard, William, Nancy, and Caroline. John married 
Martha Reynolds. Leroy married Mary Gray. James married 
Permelia Howard. Cageby married Margaret Howard. Richard 
married Anna Reynolds. William married Caroline Laford. 
Nancy married Reuben Gerdon, and Caroline married George 
W. Griffin. All of the above settled in Callaway and adjoining 

CooNCE.--This name was formerly spelled Kountz, but by 
agreement among the different members of the family the orthog- 
raphy has been changed to its present form. Jacob Coonce, of 
Pennsylvania, settled in St. Charles county. Mo., in 1797. He 
had — John, Jacob, George, Henry, Nicholas, Polly, Elizabeth, 
Eliza, Nancy, Harris, and Ibby. John married Barbara Rudy, 
by whom he had — Abraham, Charlotte, George W., Maria, 
Euphemia, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Edna. Henry Coonce mar- 
ried Mahala Buckner, and settled in Callaway county in 1835. 


Sarah married Samuel Mayeock, who also settled in that county. 
Nicholas Coonce married Rebecca McConnell, and settled on the 
Booneslick road in St. Charles county, where he was killed by a 
fall from a horse. He hunted a great deal, and was not afraid of 
anything. It is said that he used to crawl into hollow trees and 
dens, where bears were hid, and feel of them to see if they were 
fat enough to kill. 

Carrington. — Samuel Carrington, of Montgomery county, Md., 
married Mildred McDaniel, and settled in Montgomery county, 
Ky. They had — Thomas, Randolph, Timothy, John, Samuel, 
Elizabeth, Susan, Sally, and Friscilla. Randolph married Cath- 
arine McGarey, and they had — William, John, Samuel, Randolph, 
Jr., Emily, Nancy, and Permelia. They settled in Callaway 
county in 1826. William Carrington was Judge of the County 
Court one term. He married Susan Fisher. John was married 
first to Eliza Randolph, and second to Nancy Hyton. Samuel 
married Lydia A. Bowen. Emily married John Martin. Nancy 
married Elisha Davis. Permelia married Hiram Holt. All of the 
above live in Callaway county. 

Clansbury. — Thomas Clansbury married Catharine Brown, and 
their daughter Mary married Creed C. Carter. They also had a 
son, Thomas, Jr., whose children were Susan, Mary W., William 
H., John A., Martha, Virginia, Elizabeth, Robert and James, all 
of whom settled in Callaway county. 

Craig. — One day, a great many years ago, as a ship was sail- 
ing from an Irish Port to America, a sailor named Toliver Craig 
fell overboard and was drowned. The next morning a boy baby 
was found on the deck of the vessel, with no one to claim him 
or take care him. The ship was loaded with emigrants, among 
whom were his parents, who doubtless felt too poor to assume 
the care of the little fellow in the new county to which they were 
going ; 80 they took that method of throwing him upon the char- 
ities of the ship's crew. After some consultation it was decided 
to name the little waif for the lost sailor, and he was accordingly 
christened Toliver Craig. He grew to be a man, married and had 
a son, whom he also named Toliver. The latter also grew to 
man's estate, married, and had a son, whom he named Toliver, 
Jr. The latter married Elizabeth Johnson, of Virginia, and 
removed to Scott county, Ky., during the early settlement of that 
State. The Indians were very hostile at the time, and they lived 
three years in a fort. They had seven children — Jack, Elijah, 
William, Nathaniel, Mary, Nancy, and Toliver. Jack, Elijah, 
William, and Nancy married and lived in Tennessee. Nathan- 
iel married Polly Ealey, and lived in Kentucky. They had — 
William, Nancy, Martha, Robert, Ann, and Mary, all of whom 
settled in Missouri. Toliver married Patsey Wright, an English 
lady, by whom he had — Elizabeth, Polly, Larkin, Permelia, 


Catharine, Patse}'- W., Sally, Nathaniel, Margaret, Fannie, Carter 
T., and John T. Larkin married Fanny Fieklin, and settled in 
Callaway county at an early date. Cathai'ine married her cousin, 
Levi Craig, who died, and she afterward married Colonel Thomas 
Smith, of St. Aubert, Callaway county. Patsey W. married 
Gideon Games, of Callaway county. Nathaniel married Easter 
L. McKinney. Margaret married Samuel Craig, her cousin. 
Fanny also married her cousin, Henry Craig, and lived in Boone 
county. Carter T. married Sally S. Games, and lives in Calla- 
way county. John T. married Adelia Berger, and settled in 
Callaway county. 

Davis. — Joseph Davis, of Georgia, settled in Callaway county 
in 1834. His wife's maiden name was Mary Boxley, and their 
children were — Marion, Nancy, William, Joseph, John, Susan, 
Jesse, Levij Isaiah, and Margaret, all of whom, except Isaiah, 
were married by Esquire William J. Jackson, at one dollar each. 

Driskall. — Dennis Driskall and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Thacker, were natives of Ireland, but came to America and 
settled in Danville county. North Carolina. They had — Timothy, 
Dennis, Jr., David, Polly, and Sarah. Mr. Driskall died, and his 
widow and children removed to Franklin county, Ky., in 1805. 
Dennis, Jr. was married in North Carolina, to Barbara Craft, by 
whom he had — Jesse, John, William, David, Thomas, James H., 
Dennis, Frances, Elizabeth, and Sarah. James H. was married 
in Kentucky to Martha Wallace, and settled in St. Charles county. 
Mo., in 1825, and the following year he removed to Callaway 
county, where he and his wife are still living. They had eight 
children, three sons and five daughters. Mr. Driskall is called 
the working man of Callaway county, and by industry and econ- 
omy has made a fortune. He is a carpenter by ti-ade, and built 
the first Auxvasse Presbyterian Church. It is related of him that 
he once bought a yoke of oxen and some bacon in St. Charles 
county, and conveyed the bacon home, a distance of sixty miles, 
by tying it around the necks of the oxen with hickory withes. Not 
long afterward, while he was lying in bed one morning, he heard 
the oxen jump the lot fence, and knowing they would go back where 
they were raised, he sprang up and followed them, dressed only 
in his shirt and drawers, without hat or boots. He failed to head 
them, but followed them to St. Charles county, and drove them 
back home, performing the journey of one hundred and twenty 
miles in twenty-four hours, and with nothing on but his shirt and 

Dillard. — The parents of John Dillard were natives of Eng- 
land. He settled in Caroline county, Va., and married Lucy 
Taliaferro, whose parents were natives of Ireland. They had — 
John T., Thomas, Marj^, Isabella, William, Margaret, Eranklin 
E., and James D. Thomas was a surgeon in the United States 


army, and lived and died in Philadelphia, John T. married ]Mar- 
garet Steele, of Missouri, and settled in Callaway county in 1832. 
Mary married John Waller, of Kentucky, who settled in Callaway 
county in 1831. Isabella married John French, who settled in 
Callaway county in 1821. William was a physician, and was 
married first to Martha Hockaday, of Kentucky, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1832. After the death of his first wife he 
married Elizabeth Hughes. Margaret married James Hockaday, 
of Kentucky, who settled in Callaway county in 1831. Frank- 
lin E. alio was a physician. He was married first to Ann Bei'- 
nard, who died, and he then married her sister. He settled in 
Callawa}' county in 1833. James D. married Sally A. French, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1833, The members of the 
Dillard family are distinguished for their social qualities, intelli- 
gence, hospitality, and polite manners. They possess good busi- 
ness qualifications and are excellent citizens. 

DuLEY. — James Dule}' married Devola Shields, of Montgomery 
count3% Md., and settled in Scott county, Ky., in 1799. They 
had — Enoch, Nathaniel, Alexander, Susan, Devola, and Nancy. 
Nathaniel was a soldier of the war of 1812. He married his 
cousin, Sarah Daley, and settled in Indiana, from whence he re- 
moved to Callaway county, Mo., in 1821, and settled on the bank 
of the Missouri river, where lie died July 11, 1832. His widow 
died July 10, 1843. They hud— Paul H., Ferdinand C, John S., 
Margaret T., Samuel M., George W., Enoch C, William M., 
and Milton D. Paul H. was married first to tlie widow of Samuel 
B. Long, whose maiden name was Harriet Burnett, by whom he 
)iad two daugliters. After her deatli he married the widow of 
Thomas Kelley, whose maiden was Malinda P^llis. Ferdinand C. 
and John S. died wlien they were about grown. Margaret T. 
married Thomas Jones, and died soon after. Samuel M. was 
married first to Sarah Emmett, and second to Mary Wilkerson. 
He had three sons and three daugliters by his last wife. George 
W. married Amanda Wilkerson, and they had one son and one 
daughter. Enoch C. married Minerva Wilkerson, and died, leav- 
ing a widow and two daughters. William M. married Amanda 
Dozier, and they had three sons and one daughter. Milton D. 
died in Mexico in 1847, while serving as a soldier in 
the war between that country and the United States. 
Paul H., Enoch C, William M., and Milton D. were 
all soldiers in the Mexican war. Thomas Duley, a brother 
of Nathaniel Duley's wife, settled in Callaway county in 1817, 
and died in 1830. He took a great deal of interest in politics, 
and in order to keep himself informed in regard to public affairs, 
etc., he subscribed for the Missouri Repuhlicmi in 1817, and con- 
tinued his subscription until his death, when his nephew, Paul 
H., assumed it and still takes and reads the paper. 


Day. — Thomas Daj', who was born in Virginia, removed to 
Kentucky and married Mary Sanders, by whom he had — 
Louis T.-, William, Ackley, Zanders, Polly, Milley, Eliza- 
beth, Truman, and Charles A. Mr. Day was married the 
second time to Catharine Williams, and by her had — 
Fanny, Rebecca, Martha, Middleton, and Dudley. Louis 
T. married Catharine Mclntire, and settled in Callaway 
county in 183L Ackley married Sally Fowler, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1830. Mille}'^ married Garret Davis, who set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1828. Charles A. settled in Callaway 
county in 1830. He was married first to Anna Speed, and second 
to her sister, Dinah Speed. He died in 1850, leaving two chil- 
dren. Mr. Day was the founder of the town of Portland, on the 
Missouri river. 

Dawson. — Elijah Dawson, of Nelson county, Va., married a 
Miss Gentry, and had — Robert, Martin, Elizabeth, and James. 
He was married the second time to Judith Gilliam, by whom he 
had — Achilles G., Mary, Samuel, and Judith. Most of his chil- 
dren live in Callaway county. 

Dyer. — Samuel Dyer was born in Bristol, England, and came 
to America when he was fourteen years of age, with a merchant 
named Breckenridge, to whom he was bound. When the revolu- 
tionary war began Breckenridge returned to England, but young 
Dyer enlisted in the American army and became a commissioned 
officer. After the war he settled in Albemarle count}'^, Va. , anti 
married Celia Brickley, of Hanover county, by whom he had — 
William H., Samuel, John, Ann, Frank B., Eliza, and Robert. 
William H. married Margaret Bridie, of Richmond, Va.,and set- 
tled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1827. Their children were — 
Alexander B., Eliza A., Margaret, William F., Randolph H., 
Oeorge M., Celia B., John N., Isaac C, and Henry. Samuel 
married a Miss Watkins, of Goochland county, Va., and settled 
in Callaway county in 1821. He was the second merchant in the 
town of Fulton. His children were — Thomas B., Mary J., Mar- 
tha, Samuel R., Virginia, Edward B., Eliza, and Susan. John 
Dyer married Evilena Warren, of Missouri, and settled in Calla- 
way county in 1822. His children were — Sarah, Helen, Emily, 
Samuel W., Israel G., Mary, and Ann. Ann Dyer, daughter of 
Samuel Dyer, Sr., married George Robinson, of Richmond, Va., 
who settled in St. Louis, Mo., in 1828. Frank B. and Eliza 
lived in Virginia. Robert married Sarah A. Morris, of Augusta 
county, Va., and settled in Callaway county in 1850. His chil- 
dren were — Catharine E,, Frank M., Ann M., Robert, Thomas 
W., and Samuel. 

DuLiN. — Thaddeus Dulin, of Loudon county, Va., married 
Elizabeth Powell, and they had — John, Edward, James, Nancy, 
Sally, Fanny, Winifred, Susan, and Lydia. Most of the chil- 


dren came with their parents to Kentucky at an early date. Ed- 
ward married Mary Gordon, and they had — Thaddeus, Sally, 
William, Thomas, Elizabeth, Fanny, John, Richard, Nancy, and 
Lydia. Thomas settled in St Charles county. Mo., in 1819, 
and married Mary Lyle, by whom he had two sons and four 
daughters. He was married the second time to a widow, whose 
maiden name was Maria Hill. He removed to Callaway county 
in 1831. Richard settled in St. Louis. He was married twice. 
Thaddeus settled in St. Charles county. 

Duncan. — Roger and John Duncan were sons of Roger Dun- 
can, Sr., of Scotland. The two brothers came to America and 
settled in Bourbon. county, Ky. John married Elizabeth "Wam, 
by whom he had — Thomas, John, Jr., Alexander, David, William, 
Ann, and Mary. He subsequently removed to Callaway county, 
Mo. Roger, Jr., married Sally Rodman, and remained in Bour- 
bon county, Ky. Their children were — John, Thomas, George, 
Polly A., and Amanda. John married Sally J. Adair, and set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1833. His children were Eveline, 
George T., Angeline, Anna A,, Joseph W., and Mary E, Mr. 
Duncan was married the second time to Nancy Loid, by whom 
he had — John, Hiram J., Polly J., Solomon R., Susan, Nimrod 
N., Benjamin R., and Nancy F. 

Duncan. — David Duncan, of Scotland, came to America with 
his wife, and remained some time in Boston, after which they re- 
moved to Mercer county, Ky. They had nine children. Mrs. 
Duncan died, after which he married again and had eleven chil- 
dren more. William, the eldest son by his first wife, married 
Elizabeth Henderson, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1826. His children were — Alfred R., Joshua M., Will- 
iam G., Nancy M., Amanda E., and Elizabeth J. 

Duncan. — Joseph C. Duncan, of Buckingham county, Va., 
was of Scotch descent. He married Nancy Maddox, and settled 
in Christian county, Ky., in 1817. In 1829 he removed to Mis- 
souri and settled in Callaway county, where he lived the rest of 
his life. His wife died in 1860, and he died in 1870. They had 
nine children, but two of them died before they were grown. 
The names of the other children were — Elizabeth A., Frederick 
W., Ouslow G., Jerome B,, Artinicia, Merrett B., and Edward. 
Elizabeth A. married John McMahan, and is now a widow. 
Frederick W. lives in Oregon. Ouslow G. married Julia A. 
Broadwater, and lives in Audrain county. Jerome B. married 
Mary George. Artinicia married Colonel Marshall S. Coats, of 
Coats' Prairie. Merrett B. married Mary E. Berkett. He is a 
prominent banker of Mexico, Mo. Edward married Martha Mc- 
Mahan, and lives in Monroe county. Joel and Richard were the 
two who died before they were grown. 

Dunlap. — Robert and David Dunlap were born in Ireland, but 


came to America with their parents when they were small boys, 
and settled in North Carolina. Robert was born February 26, 
1763, and at the age of twenty-five years' he was married to Eliz- 
abeth Wile, of North Carolina, by whom he had— John, David M., 
Robert, Thomas, Eliza, and Elizabeth S. In 1801 he removed to 
Bath county, Ky., and in 1821 he and his brother David removed 
to Missouri and settled in Callaway county. In 1825 they settled 
where Fulton now stands, and Robert Dunlap gave the name to 
the town, which for a number of years was called Bob Fulton on 
his account. He died in 1848, his wife having died in 1834. 
John Dunlap married Elizabeth Gudgell, and they had two chil- 
dren, Ro.bert and Jane. The former was killed in the Florida 
war, and the latter married Milton V. Davis, of Callaway 
county. David M., son of Robert Dunlap, Sr., married Polly 
Gudgell, of Kentucky, by whom he had — Elizabeth, Andrew, 
ThomiiS, Jane, Robert A., James, and Mary. Robert and 
Eliza, children of Robert Dunlap, Sr., died in childhood, and 
Thomas died when he was twenty-three years of age. James 
married Sally S. Crump, of Missouri. Elizabeth married 
Solomon Craighead. David, brother of Robert Dunlap, Sr., 
taught the first school in Fulton. He had but one leg, and sup- 
plied the place of the lost member with an old-fashioned wooden 
peg-leg. He married and had one daughter, and died of cholera, 
at Portland, in 1840. The citizens of the place had such a dread 
of the disease that they buried him as soon as he was dead, in 
the dress he had on at the time. It was ascertained soon after- 
ward that he had $2,800 in a pocket in his undershirt, and two or 
three of the boldest citizens ventured to take the body up and get 
the money. 

Dakby. — Basil Darby, son of George Darby, of England, mar- 
ried Rebecca AUnut, of Maryland, by whom he had — Samuel, 
Thomas, George, Jane, and Ann. Samuel married Jane Viers, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1840, where he died in 1869, 
in his 76th year ; his widow still survives. They had two sons 
and eight daughters. 

Davis. — James, Harrison, Benjamin, and Robert Davis were 
sons of James Davis, of Pennsylvania. Robert married Devora 
Hornbuckle, and settled in Callaway county in 1819. His chil- 
dren were — William, Emeline, James M., Thomas, Julia A., Su- 
san, Jane H., Amanda C, Rufus, Martha, Nancy, Elizabeth, and 
Sarah A. Thomas Davis married Nancy Gee, daughter of 
John Gee, of England, and Elizabeth Pugh, of Tennessee, who 
settled in Callaway county in 1822. The children of John Gee 
were — Nancy, Silas, Elizabeth, Emeline, Willoughby, and John J. 

Davis. — Richard Davis, of Halifax county, Va., married Polly 
White, and they had — Thomas, Henry, William, John, and Dan- 
iel. William married Elizabeth Mulberry, and they had — James, 


Elizabeth, Catharine, and John. James was a soldier of the 
war of 1812. He married his cousin, Frances Davis, and settled 
in Callaway county in 1826. They had — John W., George W., 
Richard A., James H., Cynthia E., Martha J., Delila, Polly, Eliz- 
abeth F., and Mary F. 

Davis. — Richard Davis was a revolutionary soldier. He mar- 
ried Priscilla Coe, of Maryland, and they had— Matthew, Cath- 
arine, Eli, James, Elizabeth, William, John, Presley, Richard, 
and Alexander. Matthew married Elizabeth King, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1829. Jane married Baylis Reno, who set- 
settled_ in Callaway county in 1831. Elizabeth married Robert 
Randolph, who settled in Callaway county in 1833. William 
married Mary Randolph, and settled in Callaway county in 1830. 
John married Malinda Lutrell, and settled in Callaway county 
in 1837. Garret Davis, son of P^U, mari-ied Milley Day, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1826. 

DoziER. — Zachariah Dozier, of Pennsylvania, married Susan 
Evans, and they had — John, Evans, William, Thomas, and Zach- 
ariah, Jr. William married Sally Combs, of Kentucky, and set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1830. 

Dougherty. — Charles Dougherty, of Ireland, settled first in 
Baltimore, Md., and removed to Callaway county. Mo., in 1817. 
His children were — Hugh, John, Matthew, and Nancy. Hugh 
married Hannah Doyle, and they had ele"^en children. John 
married Elizabeth Hudson, and Nancy married William Wallace. 
They all live in Callaway county. 

Evans. — Benjamin Evans, of Charlotte county, Va., had a son 
named Larry B., who married Elizabeth Covington, of HaUfax 
county, and settled in Callaway Co., Mo., in 1834. He died in 
1851, leaving a widow, six daughters and an infant son in very poor 
circumstances. Mrs. Evans was an excellent tailor, and was the 
only person in that part of the county who could make fine cloth- 
ing for gentlemen. She carried on the business before her hus- 
band's death, and continued it with success after his decease. 
She and her daughters also cultivated their farm, and did the 
work as well as it could have been done by men. Mrs. Evans is 
an excellent lady, and deserves great credit for her energy and 

Ellis. — The parents of John, Abraham, Peter, and William 
Ellis were natives of England. The four brothers came to 
America and settled in Fauquier county, Va. Peter and Abra- 
ham came to Missouri in 1808, and settled first in St. Louis 
county. Abraham was in the war of 1812. He was married 
first to a Miss Lee, and second to Mary Trussell, of Tennessee. 
By his two wives he had — Elizabeth, Jane, Polly, Peter, Ellen, 
Isabella, Mary, Rosa A., John, James, Cynthia A., Malinda J., 
Barbara L., William, Amanda R., and one other that died in 


childhood. Mr. Ellis was a member of the Methodist Church, 
and the first camp-meeting in Callaway county was held on his 
land, and for many years afterward camp-meetings were held there 
regularly. Religious services were also held in private houses, and 
Mr. Ellis was generally selected to announce the next appoint- 
ment, which he would do from the top of a stump, in a loud 
voice, and then would add, "Bring along your guns and dogs, 
and make as big a show as you can." Peter Ellis settled ia 
Boone county. 

EvERHART. — Jacob Everhart was of German parentage. He 
lived in Loudon county, Va., and his wife was Ann Waltraan, a 
daughter- of Jacob Waltman. They had — Jacob, John, Joseph, 
and Sfirah. Jacob married Sarah Stuck, and they had one child, 
a daughter. John was married twice, the name of his first wife 
being Sarah Prince. Sarah married Henry Bruce. Joseph was 
married in 1826, to Lydia Stuck, and they had— James L. and 
Jacob E. Mrs. Everhart died in 1830, and her husband subse- 
quently married Ann C. Deaver, by whom he had — Jesse D., 
Joseph v., Margaret A., Martha, Virginia, Catharine, John, and 
"William B. Mr. Everhart settled in Callaway county in 1834. He 
was married the third time to the widow of William Dyson, whose 
maiden name was Lucinda Davis. She was also married three 
times, her first husband being a Mr. Wren. 

EsTENS. — James and John Estens settled in Callaway county ia 
1815. They lived for two years on wild meat, without salt or 
bread. They were said to be the first American settlers within 
the present limits of Callaway county. 

EwiNG. — Patrick Ewing, of Ireland, settled in Maryland, where 
he married a Miss Patton, by whom he had — Joshua, Robert^ 
Putnam, Samuel, Polly, Eleanor, Catharine, and William. Mr. 
Ewing's first wife died, and he was maiYied the second time to a 
Miss Potter, by whom he had Patrick and Elizabeth. WiUiam set- 
tled within the present limits of Missouri while it was a Spanish 
province. Joshua married Rachel George, of Pennsylvania, and 
settled in Lee county, Va. , where they had — Robert, Patrick, 
Joshua, Jr., James P., Samuel, William, David C, Jesse, Marga- 
ret, Eliza S., and Polly. Patrick, who was born in Lee county, 
Va., in 1792, served as soldier in the first part of the war of 1812, 
and in 1814 he came to Missouri and located in Darst's Bottom, 
St. Charles county, where he taught school for some time. He 
afterward married Nancy Darst, and settled in Callaway county 
in 1817. He becarae the second Sheriff of that county, and was 
Captain of a company in the Black Hawk war. He was married 
the second time to Mrs. Fisher, whose maiden name was Ann 
Eliza Ratakin. By his first wife he had — David D., Joshua, 
Jesse, Rosetta H., Rachel C, Elizabeth, Jane, Mary, and Marga- 
ret. James Ewing, brother of Patrick, married Belinda Neil, 


and settled in Callaway county in 1820. Samuel married Selena 
Beatty, and settled in Callaway county in 1835. 

Eley. — Edward Eley, of Culpepper county, Va., had a son 
named Henry, who married Mary James, by whom he had — Mary, 
Catharine, Benjamin F., George, James, Harriet, and Sally. He 
was married the second time to the widow Simms, who also died, 
and he was married the third time to Sally Fitzhugh. Mr. Eley 
settled in Callaway county in 1835. 

Evans. — Major Jesse Evans, of Wythe county, Va., was mar- 
ried twice. His children were — John, Joseph, George, Jane, and 
Nancy. He came to Missouri in 1816, and settled in Cotesans- 
dessein, Callaway county. His son John married Sally Newell, 
of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county in 1817. Joseph 
married Elizabeth Smith, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway 
county the same year his father did. Jane married Thomas 
Farmer, who settled in Callaway county in 1817. Nancy mar- 
ried Colonel George King, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1817. George married Hannah Pritchett, and settled 
in Callaway county in 1818. 

French. — William and Simon French were brothers, and lived 
in South Carolina. William died, leaving a widow and seven 
children, viz. : Hugh, John, Jane, Sally, Hannah, Mary, and 
Susan. The widow and her children removed to Warren county, 
East Tennessee, in 1795. Her son Hugh married his cousin, 
Sally French, of Christian county, Ky., and settled in Boone 
county, Mo., in 1820. His children were — Simon L., William 
H. , John N. , Caroline M. , Mary J,, Susan A., Sarah J., and 
Emily E. John French settled in Callaway Co., Mo., in 1820. He 
was married first to Jane Clark, of Montgomery county, by whom 
he had — William H., Bryant, Milton, and Sally A. His second 
wife was Isabella Dillard, by whom he had — Hugh, Thomas 
and Lucy. Jane French married John Button. Sally mai-ried 
Joseph Elledge. Hannah married Samuel Cox. Mary married 
Isaac Clark, of Montgomery county. Susan married Samuel 
McRunnels. Simon French, Sr., settled in Christian county, Ky. 
His children were — Lewis, Pinckney, Andrew J., William N., 
Isaac C, Sally, Susan, and Mary A. Lewis married Louisa 
Simpson, of Montgomery county, Mo., and settled in Callaway 
county in 1821. Pinckney was married first to Devonia Clark, of 
Christian county, Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county, 
Missouri in 1836. They had — Henry, Isaac, Edward, and 
William. After the death of his first wife, Mr. French 
married Elizabeth Jones, of Christian county, Ky., and they had 
Albert and Virginia. Andrew J. French married Sally Towley. 
William N. married Comfort E. Parks. Isaac married Nancy 
Monroe. The three last mentioned all settled in Morgan county. 
Mo. Sally married her cousin, Hugh French. Susan married 


Enoch French, of Morgan county, Mo. Mary A. married Bell 
Mure, of Christian county, K}'-. 

FoxwoRTHY. — William Foxworthy, of Prince William county, 
Va., was a soldier of the revolutionary war. His children were — 
William, Samuel, John, Thomas, Alexander, Sally, Lilly, 
and Harriet. William was a soldier in war of 1812. He married 
Elizabeth Hesler, of Pennsylvania, and they had — Alexander, 
Joseph, John, Isabella, Clarissa, and Sarah. Mr. Foxworthy 
settled in Callaway county, Mo., in 1836, and was subsequently 
killed by a horse. His widow removed to California when she 
was 75 years of age. Alexander married Emily Bryan, of Ken- 
tucky, and they had four sons and four daughters. John married 
Mary Burt. Isabella married William H. Wilson. Clarissa mar- 
ried Galbreth Wilson. Joseph and Sarah reside in California. 

Freeman.— rJohn Freeman was an orphan Irish boy, and was 
raised in South Carolina. When he was grown he settled in Ken- 
tucky, where he married Nancy Lenox. In 1832 they came to 
Missouri and settled in Callaway county. Their children were — 
John, Thomas, Michael, David, Harvey, William, Mary, Jemima, 
Lucretia, Pernina, Mahala, Arnetha, Lourena, Elizabeth, and 
two that died in childhood. Mary married Thomas Moxley. Je- 
mima married James Boyce. Lucretia was married first to Frank 
Drinkard, and second to a Mr. Blessing. Pernina married Allen 
Ticer. Lourena married Handy Moxley. Mahala married David 
Cross. Arnetha married Charles Cravens. John, Thomas, Mi- 
chael, Harvey and Jemima lived and died in Callaway county. 

Fruite. — Enoch and Alexander Fruite settled in Callaway 
county in Februarj'^, 1819. They were raised in Christian county, 
Ky., and lived several years in Howard county, Mo., before they 
settled in Callaway. Aleck Fruite lived on Nine Mile Prairie, 
and was the first postmaster in that part of the county. He was 
a hunter and trapper, and devoted most of his time to those occu- 
pations. His stock of fire wood gave out once, during a very 
cold spell of weather, and he and his family had a good prospect 
of freezing before them, until a bright idea struck him. He took 
down the wooden chimney of his cabin, hung a blanket across 
the fire place, and then built a fire of the sticks of his dismantled 
chimney in the middle of his cabin, the smoke ascending through 
the roof. By this means they kept from freezing until the weather 
moderated. Mr. Fruite was opposed to slavery, being what was 
then called an AboUtionist, and in 1832 he removed to Illinois, so 
he could live in a free State. Enoch Fruite also settled on 
Nine Mile Prairie, and devoted the principal part of his time to 
hunting and trapping. He was elected a Justice of the Peace, 
and became an influential citizen of the county. He finally sold 
out and removed to Monroe county. Some time afterward he 
had occasion to visit his old neighborhood, and while crossing 


the prairies in Audrain county, on his way to Callaway, he 
caught four young wolves, and carried them in his saddle bags 
to the house of William B. Douglass, whose wife kept them for 
iiim, in a chicken coop, until he returned home. The scalps of 
those wolves paid his taxes for two years. 

FiTZHUGH. — John Fitzhugh was a soldier of the revolutionary 
war. His youngest son, Alexander C, married Nancy Cason, 
and settled in Pike county, Mo., in 1823. Their children were — 
John, Thomas, Sarah, Lucy, Ann, Elizabeth, Hart, Mary, Per- 
melia, and Frances, most of whom married and settled in Calla- 
way county. 

FisHKii. — William Fisher, of Virginia, married Susan Peck, 
and they had — Thomas, James, Elizabeth, William, Joseph, 
Richard, Margaret, Charles W., and Mary. Thomas married 
Isabella Humphreys, of Virginia, and settled in St. Charles 
county. Mo., in 1819, and the following year he removed to Cal- 
laway county. His children were — Mary J., William H., Susan, 
Isabella, and Elizabeth. Joseph Fisher married Mary Craighead, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1826. His children were^ 
William R., Charles P., Mary J., Elizabeth G., James M., Rich- 
ard B., Joseph S., Sarah M., Catharine F. V., and Cordelia A. 
William Fisher, Jr., settled in St. Louis. The members of the 
Fisher family are nearly all zealous Methodists. 

Ferrier. — Nathaniel Ferrier, of East Tennessee, settled in 
Callaway county in 1817. His two sons, Thomas and Samuel, 
and his nephew Thomas (better known as "Long Tom") came 
with him from Tennessee. Thomas, the son of Nathaniel Fer- 
rier, married the widow of James H. Goodrich. Samuel married 
Alice Shannon, daughter of James Shannon, who was the first 
settler on Hancock's Prairie, in Callaway county. Mr. Shannon 
was a Catholic, and donated four acres of land to his church, upon 
which he also built a house of worship. He was a native of Ire- 
land, where he married. After his marriage he decided to emigrate 
to America, but being too poor to bring his wife, he came over 
by himself, and after he had made money enough he sent for her. 
He met her in St. Louis, where they celebrated the event by 
drinking liberal draughts of the liquid which elevates the soul 
and makes the spirit glad. They drank a little too much, and 
began to quarrel about the time they were married, one claiming 
that is was during a certain year, and the other that it was alto- 
gether a different year. Being unable to agree, they decided to 
settle the matter by getting married again ; so they repaired to a 
convenient priest and were soon made one again. Samuel Fer- 
rier, in his old age, removed to Washington Territory, and soon 
afterward wrote a glowing letter back to his cousin. Long Tom 
Ferrier, who was then about eighty years old, telling him that deer, 
bears, and bee trees were abundantout there. Long Tom was so 


captivated by the destription that he shouldered his gun the next 
day after the receipt of the letter, and, with his dogs following at 
hiy heels, started for the distant land of promise, on foot. 

Ferguson. — John Ferguson, of Virginia, whose f9,ther was a 
sea captain, married Frances Lucas, and settled in Callawaj' 
county in 1820. They had — Moses, Ann, John, Sarah, Nancy, 
Swan, Napoleon, and Mary. Moses married Jane Pew, and set- 
tled in Callaway county in 1824. Ann married Arthur Neal, who 
settled in that county in 1820. John married Peggy Pew, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1820. Sarah married Braddock 
Beasley, who settled in Callaway county in 1833. Nancy married 
Henry Neal, who settled in Callaway county in 1820. Major 
Swan Ferguson was born in Virginia in 179G. He married Jane 
Holloway, and settled in Cotesandessein, Callaway county, in 
1820. He purchased a farm and lived upon it forty-six years, 
and raised and educated seven cliildren, six of whom are living. 
On a certain occasion, as he was returning from Santa Fe, New 
Mexico, he was surrounded by Indians, but cut his way through 
them and escaped in the midst of a shower of arrows. Major 
Ferguson is now in his 80th year, and lives Avith his son-in-law, 
Colonel C. W. Samuels, who was formerly a member of the Leg- 
islature, and is now a merchant at Cedar City. Napoleon 
Ferguson married Elizabeth Allen, and settled in Callawaj' 
county in 1820. Mary married Milton Cleveland, who settled in 
Callaway county in 1820. 

Foster. — Richard Foster, of Prince Edward county, Va., had a 
son named James, who married Eliza Taylor, by whom he had — 
George, William, Philip, Louisa, Ann, Eliza, Judith, Edmonia, 
and John J. The latter married Sarah Gilcrease, of Virginia, by 
whom he had — George and William. Mr. Foster settled in Calla- 
way county in 1837. 

Ferguson. — Joshua Ferguson, of Fairfax county, Va., was a 
wagon master in the revolutionary war. After the close of the 
war he settled in Kentucky, where he married Mary Stone, by 
whom he had — John S., William, James, Polly, Sally, Nancy, 
Elizabeth, and Rachel. Mr, Ferguson came to Missouri and 
settled in Callaway county in 1817. His son, John S., married 
Mary Jones, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county the 
same year his father did. He had fifteen children, twelve of 
whom lived to be grown, viz. : Thomas J., Elizabeth, John R,, 
William S., Joshua, J., Sarah, Marion, Louisa, Nancy, Emma, 
Jane, and Lucy. Joshua aqd Thomas built the first court house 
at Fulton, in 1826, for which they received $1,300. Such a house 
could not be built now for less than four or five thousand dollars. 
James Ferguson married Mary A. McGruder, of Kentucky, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1817. Rebecca married Dennis 
Askrens, who settled in Callaway county in 1817. Nancy mar- 


rred George Hirscli, who settled in Callaway county in 1823. 
Galbretii. — Torcal Galbretli, of North Carolina, married a 
Miss Calvin, and settled in Callaway county in 1819. They had — 
Neal, Catharine, Isabella, Mary, and Elizabeth. Neal died un- 
married. Catharine died at the age of seventy years. She never 
married. Isabella married Robert Graham. Mary married her 
cousin, Daniel Galbreth. P^lizabeth also married her cousin, 
James Galbreth. She was married the second time to Newton 
Carpenter. Torcal Galbreth was married the second time to 
Catharine Graham, and they had — Agnes, John, Daniel, Sally A., 
Margaret; and James. 

Glendy. — John and William Glend}', of Scotland, came to Amer- 
ica at an early date, and in 1796 John was a Presbyterian minister 
in the city of Philadelphia. William was married twice, his second 
wife being Anna Robinson, of Augusta county, Va. They had — 
John, David, Samuel, Thomas, William, Jr., Robert, and Mary. 
Samuel married Mary Shields, and settled in Callaway county, 
Mo., in 1829. Thomas married Ellen Shields, and settled in that 
county the same year. Samuel is a politician, and very few 
persons can out-talk him. 

Grant* — Israel Grant, of Scott county, Ky., married Susan 
Bryan, a daughter of James Bryan, and niece of Daniel Boone's 
wife. They had three children — James, William, and Israel B. 
Mr. Grant died when his youngest son was quite small, and James 
the elder, educated his brothers from the proceeds of their father's 
farm. When Israel B. was fifteen years of age he came to Mis- 
souri with his uncle, Jonathan Bryan, and taught school one year, 
when he returned Kentucky, and began the study of medicine. 
But he soon grew tired of medicine, and bound himself to a silver 
smith at Lexington, Ky., to learn that trade, his term of appren- 
ticeship to last five years. After the expiration of his appren- 
ticeship he came to St. Louis, Mo., and worked at his trade five 
years in that city. He then paid a visit* to his uncle, Jonathan 
Bryan, who persuaded him to quit his trade and go to farming. 
He accompanied his nephew to Callatfay county, where the latter 
entered a tract of land, and then returned to Kentucky, where, 
on the 28th of March, 1820, he was married to Letitia Warren. 
He brought his bride to her new home in Callaway county the 
same spring. Mr. Grant was elected County Judge several times, 
and served two terms in the State Legislature. During Christmas 
of 1835, he was killed by two of his negro slaves, as he was re- 
turning from Fulton, where he had gone to collect some money. 
One of the negroes was named Jacob. They were both hanged, 
and Jacob's skeleton remained in a doctor's office in Danville for 
many years, James Grant was married twice ; first to a Miss 
Easton, and second to Sally Hunt. He settled in Callaway 
county in 1823, where he became an influential citizen, and rep- 


resented the county in the Legislature one term. He was also 
Judge of the Count}'' Court for some time. He subsequentl}' re- 
moved to the southwestern part of the State, and settled on the 
Neosho river, where he died. "William Grant enlisted as a private 
soldier in the war of 1812, and was soon afterward promoted for 
gallantry to the rank of Lieutenant. He was killed at the disas- 
trous battle known as Dudley's Defeat, under the following cir- 
cumstances. After the defeat and capture of the American forces, 
they were driven under guard into an enclosure, where the In- 
dians at once began to rob them of their money, watches, etc. 
Grant still had his sword, whicli had not been taken from him, and 
was standing with it in his hand, conversing with a friend. 
Captain Micajah McClenny, when an Indian came up 
and demanded the weapon. Grant turned to McClenny and said, 
"They will kill us anyhow, and I intend to sell my life as dearly 
as possible," and dropping the point of his sword to the level of 
the Indian's breast he plunged it through his body to the hilt, 
killing him in his tracks. The next instant Grant's body was 
pierced with a hundred rifle balls, and he fell dead at the feet of 
his friend. McClenny w^as not hurt, but was afterward exchang- 
ed and lived to be an old man. Grant was married before he 
entered the ai'my, to Miss Mosbey, and they had a son named 
William, Jr., generally known as Captain Billy Grant. He was 
married in 1820, to Sally A. Warren, of Kentucky, and settled in 
Callaway county. Mo., the following year. His house was the 
first one in Callaway count}' that had glass windows and a stair- 
case, and people came twenty and thirty miles to look at it. The 
names of Captain Grant's -children were — Thomas W., James E., 
Samuel, Sally W., Mar}' L., Agnes, Elizabeth, Eveline H., and 
Martha. Captain Grant died in 1849, aild his widow in 1875. 
Sally W. married Joseph I. Grant, a son of Samuel M. Grant, 
and they settled in Callaway county in 1834, Mrs. Grant died in 
1875. Israel Boone Gr^int, who was known as Licking Grant, 
because he came from Licking river, Ky. , was a son of Squire B. 
Grant and Susan Hand. He settled in Fulton, Callaway county, 
and was County Clerk for twenty-one years. The names of Mr. 
Grant's children were — James, Moses, Robert, William T., John, 
Agnes. Martha, and Mary. 

Gilbert. — The children of Michael Gilbert, of Franklin 
county, Va., were — Kimwell, Preston, James, and Michael, Jr. 
Kiniwell married Mary Smith, and settled in Callaway county in 
1834. Michael, Jr., was married first to Elizabeth Ashworth, 
and second to Elizabeth Kemp. He also settled in Callaway 

G<jODKicH. — Benjamin and James Goodrich, sons of James 
Goodrich, Sr., of Tennessee, settled on Coats' Prairie, in Calla- 
way county, in 1817. They built a horse mill and a distillery 


soon after tUey settled there. James was married in Tennessee, 
to Patsey Taylor, and they had — Thomas, Joseph, Mary, Sarah, 
Elizabeth and Eilen. His first wife died, and he was married 
again tQ Charity Phillips, who is the oldest white person living 
that was born in Callaway county. They had — James H., Mar- 
tha, Matilda, and John B. Mr. Goodrich was one of the first 
grand jurymen of Callaway county, and he donated the ground 
upon which the Baptist church called Salem was built. 

GiLMAN, — William Gilman, of Virginia, married Mary Mann, 
and settled in Kentucky, where he had — George, William J., Eliz- 
abeth, Lucy, and Family. George married Sallie Glazebrook, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1825. William J. (Dr. Gil- 
man) married Laricia Callaway, and settled in Callaway county 
in 1829. Emily married John Gibner, who settled in Callaway in 

Glover. — Robert Glover, of Virginia, married Omon Jones, 
and they had Jesse and Creed. Jesse was married first to Eliza 
Anderson, and second to Susan Williams, and settled in Callway 
county in 1832. He was a soldier of the war of 1812. Peter 
and Robert Glover settled in Callaway county in 1827. The for- 
mer was Secretary of State one term. He married Patsey Mos- 
ley. Robert married Patsey Anderson. 

Gathright. — William Gathright, of Virginia, had a son Will- 
iam who married Jane Woodson, by whom he had — Benjamin, 
Matthew W., William, Jr., Thomas M., John S., Malinda, Eliza- 
beth, and Jane A. Matthew W. manned Mary J. Withens, of 
Virginia, and settled in Callaway county in 1831. His children 
were — James W., William B., Matthew W., Jr., John T. Jane 
A., Malinda, and Mary E. 

Gray. — Alexander Gray, of Scotland, married Elizabeth Fitz- 
hugh, and settled in Halifax county, Va. Their children were — 
James, John, Alexander, Robert, George, Henry, Elizabeth, 
Mai'v, and Sally. George was married in 1799, to Fannie Brooks, 
of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county in 1823. His chil- 
dren were — John B., Alexander, George W., Martha, Elizabeth, 
Rachel, Polly, Fannie, and Anna, all of whom were born in Vir- 
ginia, but settled in Callaway county with their parents. 

Gilmore. — Thomas Gilmore, of Kentucky, settled in St. Charles 
county. Mo., in 1808. He was a ranger in Captain Callaway's 
company during the Indian war, and after its close he settled at 
a noted place, which has since been known as Gilmore's Springs, 
in the western part of St. Charles county. He married India 
Ramsey, daughter of Captain William Ramsey, and thoy had — 
William, Thomas, Robert, Nathan, Ephraim, and John, all of 
whom, except Thomas, who was killed at Callaway's defeat, set- 
tled in Callaway county from 1826 to 1830. 

Garrett. — Richard Garrett was a soldier of the war of 1812. 


He married Nancy Weare, of Rlclimond, Va., by whom he had — 
James, John W.. Nancy, Frances, and Agnes. James first set- 
tled in Warren county. Ivy., where he married a daughter of 
Joseph Leet, a soldier of the war of 1812, and removed to Calla- 
way countj^ Mo., in 1832. They had — Sarah, Mary V., Mar- 
garet H., Nancy, Lucretia, Francis M., Lucy A., Amanda J., 
James T. , and John P. 

Garrett. — Stephen Garrett, a Frenchman, settled in Bucking- 
ham county, Va. His children were — Stephen, John, David, Eli- 
jah, "William, Mary, and Elizabeth. William married Mary Cole- 
man, of Virginia, by whom he had — Spillsberry, James, William 
B., Stephen, Reuben, John, Elijah, Coleman, Magdalene, Lucy, 
and Mary. Spillsberry married Biddie Hockett, and settled in Ralls 
county, where he died. James married Nancy Brown, and set- 
tled in Tennessee. William B. was born in Buckingham county, 
November 1, 1795. When the war of 1812 began he was a mere 
boy, but, carried away by the patriotic fervor of the day, he 
enlisted and served during the war. He was married on the 3d 
of June, 1827, to Mary Ockaman, and came to Missouri in 1829. 
He settled on Hancock's Prairie, in Callaway county, where, by 
industry and economy, united with good business qualifications, 
he made a fortune. He built the first steam mill in Callaway, 
from which he realized a good income. His children were — Wil- 
son, Jane, Leneus B., Amanda C, John A., William H., Benja- 
min F., George W., and James M. Elijah Garrett married Mar- 
tha Glover, and settled in Callaway county in 1823. His chil- 
dren were — Mary, Eliza, William PI, Martha, Sedona, Chesley, 
and Benjamin. James, Ann, and Magdalene all married and set- 
tled in Tennessee. Coleman. Mary and Reuben married and set- 
tled in Illinois. Stephen settled in south Missouri. John lives 
in Virginia, and Lucy married and lived in Kentucky. 

Galbreth. — Neal Galbreth, of Scotland, settled on Tar 
river in North Carolina. He had a son named Torcal, who mar- 
ried a Miss McLooking, and they had — Catharine, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, and Neal. He was married the second time to Catharine 
Graham, by whom he had— Marion, Ancus, John, Daniel, Sally, 
Margaret, and James. Mr. Galbreth removed from North Caro- 
lina to Kentucky, and in 1819 he settled on the Auxvasse in Calla- 
way county. He built the first water mill in Callaway county, on 
that stream. The work was done by John and George W. Burt. 
Mr. Galbreth had the plank sawed for his coffin several years be- 
fore his death, which occurred in 1825. Sirenus Cox made his 

Gregory. — William and John Gregory, of Buckingham county, 
Va., settled in Callaway county in 1832. The former had mar- 
ried Nancy Fuque, by whom he had — John B., Richard F., 
Wilson, and Martha. Mrs. Gregory died, and her husband after- 


ward married Nancy Robinson, by whom he had — Thomas J., 
William, Mary, and Sarah. Mr. Gregory is dead, but his widow 
still survives. The eldest son, John B., married Isabella Seholl, 
and is one of the wealthy men of Callaway county. Richard F. 
married Cathaiine Oliver, and lives in Montgomery county, Mo. 
Wilson and Martha died unmarried. Thomas J. married 
Bettie McCall, and lives in Callaway county. William died 
in California, unmarried. Sarah was married first to Samuel 
Gilbert, and second to Stokes McCall. Mary married Jolm 
Bailey, of Williamsburg. — John, brother of William Gregory, Sr., 
married Elizabeth Fuque, of Virginia, and they had — Hopson, 
James H., John D. (a physician), Granville L., Thomas M., 
Eliza, Sarah, and George W. Mr. Gregory was married the 
second time to the widow of Jesse SchoU, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Miller, and died, leaving no children by her. She 
is still living. Hopson Gregory was married first to a Miss 
Mosley, and second to Martha A. House. James H. married 
Mary Seholl, and lives in Callaway county. Dr. John D. was 
married first to Sallie A. Groom, and second to Elizabeth Nun- 
nelly. He lives in California. Granville L. married Susan Nun- 
nelly, and she is now a widow in Callaway county. Thomas M. 
went to California, and married there. Ehza died single. Sarah 
married John Windsor, who removed to California. George W. 
married Mary White, and lives in Montgomery county. The 
Gregorys are industrious, energetic people and good citizens, and 
stand high in their communities. 

Games. — John Games, of Scotland, came to America and set- 
tled in Maryland. His children were — Robert, Absalom, James, 
Basil, and Rachel. Absalom married Mary Wood, and they had 
— Absalom, Jr., John, Gideon, Benjamin and EHzabeth. Absa- 
lom, Jr., and John lived in Ohio, and the latter became a member 
of the Legislature of that State. Gideon was in the war of 1812, 
and was at the battle of the Thames, where the celebrated Tecum- 
seh was killed. He saw the great chief fall a'fter he was shot by 
Colonel Johnson. Mr. Games was married first to Rachel 
Strother, of Kentucky, by whom he had — Mary, Minerva, and 
Eliza. He was married the second time to Patsey W. Craig, by 
whom he had — Martha, Craig, Catharine, Fanny; Amanda, John, 
Benjamin, Gideon, Jr., Alice, and Louisa. 

Harding. — Rev. John L. Harding, of England, settled in 
Maryland. He had two sons, Elias and Reason. The latter 
married Cassandra Ford, and they had — Elias H., Charles, Loyd, 
John, Cassandra, Rebecca F., and Eliza. Elias H. married Har- 
riet Hall, of Maryland, and they had — William H., Francis L., 
Howard D., John H., Elias H., Amanda, Henrietta, and Emeline. 
He was married the second time to Mary Harding, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1838. 


Harper. — Nicholas Harper, of Fairfax county, Virginia, had — 
Thomas, Walter, Nicholas, Jr., Smith, Sally, Nancy, Rachel, and 
Mary. Nicholas, Jr., married Lucy Jameson, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1824. He had — Thomas J., Sarah, Louisa, 
Elizabeth H., Judith A., and Catharine. Rachel Harper married 
Stephen Donahue, and Sally married William Graham. 

HuTTS. — Michael Hutts, of Franklin county, Va., married 
Susan Owens, and they had — Owens, Nancy, William, Sail}-, 
Leonard, Robert, Mahala, Bluford, and Sarah. Bluford was the 
only one who came to Missouri. He married Rebecca W. Hippin- 
stall, and settled in Callaway county in 1835. They had several 
children, and Mrs. Hutts died October 2, 1867. 

Hughes. — Reece Hughes of Franklin county, Va. , married 
Polly Lyon, and settled in Callaway county, Mo., in 1834. The}' 
had — John, William, Elias, Robert, Armistead, Catharine, Poll}', 
Lucy, Elizabeth, Sally, and two that died young. 

HoBSON. — Dr. Samuel Hobson, of Kentucky, married a daugh- 
ter of Judge John Clark, and came to Missouri at an early date. 
He settled first in Montgomeiy county, on Camp Branch, where 
he lost several of his negro slaves by fever. He then removed 
and settled on Nine Mile Prairie, in Callaway county, where he 
remained some time, and then removed to Fulton. He had two 
children, Winthrop and Joseph. The latter died in his youth, 
and the former is a distinguished minister of the Christian 
Church. Winthrop was very wild when he was a boy, and was 
called one of the worst boys in Callaway county.- He was bound 
to have his fun, no matter who suffered by it. Among his vic- 
tims was an old colored man named Tom Nichols, whose life be- 
. came a burden from the constant badgering of the young scape- 
grace. When Winthrop was nearly grown, he was sent off to 
school, and remained away several years, during which time he 
grew to be a large, portly man. When he came back to Fulton 
he met Tom on the street, who failed to recognize him. "Why, 
Uncle Tom," said he, "don't you know me?" "No, sah," 
said Tom ; " neber seed you afore, as I knows of." Winthrop 
looked at him smilingly for a moment, and then said, "Well, Un- 
cle Tom, who was the worst boy you ever saw?" This was suf- 
ficient. Tom immediately recognized his old tormentor, and ex- 
claimed, "Why, Massa Winthrop, is dis you! Bless God! I 
neber would 'o known you in dis world! But what made you so 
fat, Massa Winthrop ; has you been drinking whisky ? I bet you 
has, 'fore God." This was a pretty rough sally for a divinity stu- 
dent, but Hobson took it in good part, laughed at the honest 
earnestness of his old friend, and then told him of the change 
that had taken place, which greatly astonished Uncle Tom. 

Harrison. — Micajah Harrison, of Kentucky, married Mary 
Payne, and they had — Albert G., Micajah V., James O., Jilson 


P., and Mary. Albert G. married Virginia L. Bledsoe, of Ken- 
tucky, and settled in Callaway county in 1832. He had four 
sons and two daughters. Mr. Harrison was a prominent lawyer, 
and was elected representative in Congress from his district 
three times, viz. : 1834, 1836, and 1838. He died in 1839. Mi- 
cajah V. Harrison married Dulcinea M. Bledsoe, of Kentucky, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1833. He was Chief Clerk of 
the House of Representatives of Missouri during six sessions of 
the Legislature, and was Sergeant-at-Arms during several other 
sessions. He died in June, 1855, and a neat monument was 
erected by the State over his grave in the cemetery at Auxvasse 
Church. Jilson P. Harrison settled first in Mississippi, and re- 
moved from there to New Orleans, where he died. James O. 
was a lawyer, and lived in Lexington, Ky. After the death of 
Henry Clay he administered upon the estate of that eminent 
man. Mary Harrison was married first to Captain Simpson, of 
Kentucky, and after his death she married Dr. John Hannor, of 
Fulton, Mo., who subsequently removed to Kentucky. 

Henderson. — Alexander Henderson, of Augusta county^ 
Va., had sixteen children, and raised ten of them. The 
names of those who lived were — John, Samuel, Joseph, Robert,. 
David, Alexander, Jr., William, George, James, and Daniel. 
The latter married Martha Steele, of Virginia, and settled on 
Auxvasse creek, in Callaway county, in 1823. They had four 
children, all of whom were born in Virginia and came to Mis- 
souri with their parents. Their names were — Alexander, James 
S., John S., and Jane. Alexander married Dicey Finley. Judge 
James S. married Emily Boone, daughter of Judge Jesse Boone. 
John S. was m&rried twice ; first to Mary Snell, and second to 
EHzabeth Pratt. Jane married .Colonel Isaac Tate. Jx)seph 
Henderson, brother of Daniel, married Susan Rallef, of Virgfrfia, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1835. John married Polly 
Burton, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county in 1835, 
William married a widow lady named Irvine, and settled in 
Audrain county. George and James also settled in Missouri, the 
former in Clay county, and the latter in St. Louis. David mar- 
ried Ellen Anderson, and they had — Alexander, David, Jr.,. 
Joseph, John, William, Margaret, Rachel, Elizabeth, and Elsa. 
Alexander, son of David Henderson, Sr., was married first to 
Margaret Hart, and second to Elizabeth Morrison. He had ten 
children by his two wives. Mr. Henderson settled in Callaway 
county at an early date, and taught singing school for a number 
of years. It is said that he and George W. Burt sang love songs 
so sweetly that the pupils all fell in love with them. David J., 
son of Alexander Henderson, Jr., married Mary R. Blackenburg, 
and settled in Callaway county in 1828. They had nine sons and 
two daughters. 


HocKADAY. — Isaac and Amelia Hockaday, of Clark county, Ky., 
Lad the following children — Irvine O., Philip B., Edmund, Isaac 
N., Jane, and two other daughters, one of whom married 
Thomas Moore, and the other John H. Field. All except Jane 
settled in Callaway county at an early date. Judge Irvine O. 
Hockadaj' (see portrait on frontispiece) received a good English 
education, and at an early age manifested good business qualifi- 
cations. When quite young he was appointed to the important 
position of cashier of the Clark County, Ky., Bank, and discharged 
his duties to the entire satisfaction of his employers. He was 
married in 1829 to Emily Mills, daughter of Dr. John and Lucy 
Mills, of Winchester, Ky., and in 1821 he resigned his position 
as cashier of the bank and came to Missouri. He settled in Calla- 
way county, and was appointed the first Circuit and County Clerk, 
also Treasurer, which offices he continued to fill for eighteen years, 
to the entire satisfaction of the people of the county. He was also 
Probate Judge of Callaway county one term, and President of 
the Weston Bank, in Fulton, for some time. Judge Hockaday 
was a man of superior talents, and associated intimately with such 
distinguished men as Edward Bates, Thomas H. Benton, Beverly 
Tucker, and Hamilton R. Gamble. He was an influential mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church for a number of years, and en- 
joyed the respect and confidence of his brethren and fellow-citi- 
zens in the highest degree. He died in 1864, leaving a widow, 
who still survives, and a large family of children. One of his 
daughters married James L. Stephens, a wealthy and influential 
citizen of Columbia, Mo. Another married J. H. Vanmeter, of 
Lexington, Kentucky, and died since the decease of her father. 
The names of his other children are — Isaac, who lives in Colum- 
bia, Mo., Mrs. R. B. Price, Irvine O., Jr., also of Columbia, 
Mrs. J. M. McGirk, of Lexington, Mo., Mrs. Dr. A. Wilkerson,of 
Fulton, Miss Lizzie, of the same place, and Hon. J. A. Hockaday, 
the present able Attorney-General of Missouri. Philip B. , brother of 
Judge Irvine O. Hockaday, was an eminent attorney. He married 
Maria Hanson, a daughter of Judge Hanson, of Winchester, Ky., 
and came to Missouri in 1821. He settled first in Boone county, 
but afterward removed to Montgomery, where he died. The names 
of his children were — S. H., Amelia S., Martha J., Isaac, Philip 
B., Jr., Serena, and R. W. Isaac N. Hockaday also settled in 
Callaway county at an early date, and resided there many years, ; 
but he now lives in Pleasant Hill, Mo. He married Catharine 
Shortridge, of Callaway county, by whom he had three children. 
Mr. Hockaday is an excellent and most highly esteemed citizen. 
-Judge George, E. O., John, and James Hockaday, cousins of the 
above family, settled in Missouri in 1838. Judge George Hocka- 
day married Laura Hart, of Jefferson City, Mo., and raised a large 
family. He was a member of the County Court of Callaway 


county for six years, and also represented the county in the Leg- 
islature one term. He was a good business ruan and a highly 
esteemed citizen. John Hockaday was a mei'chant in Fulton for 
many years. He married Caroline Scott, of Loutre Island, and 
they had three children. He stood high in the community as a 
man and citizen, and was respected by all who knew him. James 
Hockaday was a successful farmer, and prominent citizen. He 
married a Miss Dillard, and they had two children. 

HouF. — Peter Houf, of Germany, came to America before the 
revolution. He had a son named Peter, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and who served as a soldier in the war of 1812. Ho 
settled in Augusta county, Va., where he married Mary E. Sum- 
mers, by whom he had — Susanna, Elizabeth, Henry, David S., 
Jacob, John, Polly, James, William, Martha J., Margaret, 
Amanda, and Louisa. Mr. Houf came to Missouri and settled in 
Callaway county in 1823, and died in 1851. His widow died in 
1870. All the children, except John, who died in childhood, in 
Virginia, settled in Missouri. 

Harrison. — The Harrison family, of which there are several 
members in Callaway county, is one of the most distinguished in 
America. It sprang from some of the best blood of England, 
and has given to that country and America several of their most 
celebrated characters. John, Benjamin, and Thomas Harrison 
were sons of a family of English nobility, and were born in the 
town of Feuby, Yorkshire. John was born in 1693, and became 
a great inventor. Among his inventions were a chronometer and 
gridiron. He also invented the pendulum for clocks, for which 
the British crown paid him £20,000. He died in Ked Lion 
Square, London, in 1776. Benjamin Harrison was born in 1094. 
He had two sons, Benjamin and Robert, The former was the 
father of Hon. Benjamin Harrison, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, and who was the father of General 
William Henry Harrison, President of tlie United States. Robert 
Harrison was the fatlier of Hon. Robert Harrison, the great jurist. 
Thomas, the younger brother of John and Benjamin Harrison, was 
born in 1095. He married Hannah Morrison, of England, by 
whom he had six sons — John, Benjamin, Thomas, Jr., Samuel, 
Daniel, and James, all of whom came to America after the death 
of their parents, and settled in the State of Maryland. When 
the revolutionary war began they all enlisted in the American 
army, and John and Thomas were soon promoted, the former to 
the rank of Captain and the latter to that of Colonel. The other 
four brothers were killed, and each left families, but of these we 
have no account. Captain John Harrison married a Miss Malone, 
of Maryland, and settled in Botetourt county, Va. He had six 
sons — Thomas, Samuel, John, Benjamin, Daniel, and James. 
Colonel Thomas Harrison never married. He was a shrewd 


business man, and made a great deal of money while in the 
army, most of which he invested in lands in the Valley of Vir- 
ginia, and at his death he left his property to his nephew, 
Thomas, son of Captain John Harrison. This nephew married 
Margaret Billops, of Virginia, and removed with his parents to 
South Carolina, but returned to Virginia after their deaths, and 
settled in Montgomery county. He had ten children by his first 
wife, of whom he raised eight, viz. : Edward, John, Thomas, 
Samuel, James, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Polly. His second wife 
was Nancy Crawley, of Virginia, by whom he had — Nancy, 
Margaret, and William D. He was married the third time to 
Jane Childress, of Virginia, by whom he had — Cynthia, Andrew 
L., Eliza J., and Benjamin R. In the fall of 1819 he removed 
with his family to Missouri, and settled on the Booneslick road 
in Callaway county, where he died July 3, 1840, in his 75th year. 
His eldest son, Edward, died in Virginia. His second son, John, 
was born in Boutetourt county, Va., October 7, 1791. (See 
portrait ; page 228.) He volunteered in the war of 1812, and was 
promoted to the rank of Major. He was married in 1816, to 
Mary Crockett, of Virginia, and in 1817 he came to Missouri 
with his family, consisting of his wife and one child, Thomas. 
He settled first in Saline county, but removed to Boone 
in 1819. In 1827 he settled on Harrison's Branch in Callaway 
county, where he died February 19, 1874. His wife died 
August 1, 1873. Major Harrison had seven children — Thomas, 
Crockett, Benjamin F., Samuel, James M., Rebecca, and 
Virginia. Thomas and Crockett were blown up on a steam- 
boat at New Orleans in 1849, and the former was seriously in- 
jured. Thomas, brother of Major John Harrison, married Sarah 
Potts, of Virginia, by whom he had — William, John T., Samuel 
P., Mary, Nancy, Margaret, and Lucy. He settled on Harri- 
son's Branch, in Callaway county, in 1819. In 1832 he went to 
St. Louis on business, and on his return died of cholera, at St. 
Charles, on the 81 h of June, in the 42d year of his age. His 
widow is still living. In early days Mr. Harrison belonged to the 
Regulators of Callaway county, and when the Indians, who some- 
times passed through the county on their way to Washington 
City, would steal anything, or commit other depredations, the 
Regulators would catch them and whip them. One day an old 
Indian set the woods on fire, and Mr. Harrison caught him and 
whipped him, and then took his gun lock off and kept it, so that 
he could not shoot any one for revenge. Judge James Harrison 
came to Missouri with his brother. Major John Harrison, in 1817, 
and settled with him in Saline county. In 1819 he removed to 
Boone county, where, in 1821, he married Rebecca Crockett. In 
1830 he settled in Audrain county, and the following year he was 
appointed presiding Judge of the County Court, by Gov, Boggs, 


but resigned the office soon after. He was Justice of the Peace 
for a number of years, and was elected to the Legislature three 
times. He died in 1875, three days before his 80th birth-day. 
He had twelve children — Thomas J.,. Samuel C, John, James, 
William, Margaret R., Jane, Mary A., Nancy, Sarah, Virginia, 
and Lucy. Samuel, brother of Major John Harrison, left Vir- 
ginia for the West in 1819, and was never heard of again. He 
was doubtless robbed and murdered, as the route between the 
East and West was infested with robbers at various places, at 
that time. Elizabeth and Sarah Harrison married and lived in 
Virginia. Polly married and settled in Wisconsin. Margaret 
married Charles Mclntire, of Audrain county. Nancy married 
her cousin, Abner Harrison, of Audrain county. William D. Har- 
rison was mariied first to Mary E. Bourn, and after her death he 
married her sister, Effie. He lives in Audrain county. Cynthia 
married Alfred Kibbe, of Texas. Eliza J. married Jeptha Yates, 
of Callaway county, and died September 21, 1873. Andrew L. 
and Benjamin R. are bachelors, and live in Callaway county. 
James Harrison, son of Captain John Harrison, of the revolution- 
ary war, married Louisa Duncan, of South Carolina, and settled 
in Washington county. Mo., In 1819, John and Daniel, his 
brothers, married and settled in Alabama, and Samuel and Ben- 
jamin married and settled in Mississippi. 

Hays. — Boone Hays was the son of William Hays, who was 
killed by James Davis on Femme Osage creek, in 1804. He 
married Lydia Scholl, his cousin, and settled in Darst's Bottom 
in 1801. In 1818 he removed to Callaway county, and built the 
first horse-mill in his part of the county. His children were — 
Hardin, Jesse, Alfred, Wesley, Terilda, Eleanor, Amazon, Cin- 
derella, Samuel, Mason, and Mary B. Mr. Hays was married 
the second time to a Mrs. Frazier, of Memphis, Tenn., and in 
1849 he went to California, where he died soon after. When Mr. 
Hays raised his first cabin in Callaway county, he lacked a few 
logs of having enough to finish it, and went into the woods to cut 
some more. One of the trees in falling slipped ^d broke his 
leg, and the severe pain caused him to faint. As he was reeling 
and about to fall, John P. Martin, who was standing near, caught 
him in his arms, when he too fainted, and they both fell to the 
ground together. A man standing near them, but who knew 
nothing of Hays' leg being broken, called out, "Hallo there! 
are you two drunk again?" Hays had his broken leg splinted 
and bound up, and then sat on a stump and gave directions about 
the completion of his cabin as if nothing had occurred. He was 
a man of iron nerve and robust constitution. 

Hatton. —Thomas Hatton, of England, settled in Bedford 
county, Va., prior to the revolutionary war. He married Polly 
Capton, and they had — Thomas, Benjamin William, and Reuben. 


Benjamin and Reuben were soldiers in the revolutionary war, and 
the former was killed by the Indians. Reuben married Joanna 
Bellew, of Virginiy, and settled in South Carolina. He afterward 
removed to Madison county, Ity., with his wife and six childi-en, 
on pack-horses. The names of his children at that time were — 
Frances, Polly A., William, Robert, Charles, and Nancy. After 
they settled in Kentucky they had — Benjamin, Elizabeth, Fleming, 
Stewart, Wesley, Thomas, James, Mitchell, and John. Thomas 
married Polly Butler, of Kentucky, and settled in Boone Co., Mo., 
in 1819. and the following year he removed to Callaway. Polly 
A. married Sf^muel Miller, and settled in Callaway county in 

Hume. — AVilliam Hume, of Bath county, Va., mai-ried Sarah 
Benson, and renioved to Bourbon county, Ky. They had — Prub, 
Jefferson, Gabriel, and Joel. Gabriel married Rachel Ashbrook, 
of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county in 1831. He died in 
^September, 1838, leaving a widow and eleven children, viz. : Jane, 
Benson, Thomas, Benjamin, Willis, Lucinda, Sarah, Ann, Mar- 
garet, James, and William D. The latter is now a large stock 
dealer, and a wealthy citizen of Callaway county. When he was 
married he had to borrow money to pay the parson ; he also bor- 
rowed a pair of shoes to wear on that occasion. 

HoBSON. — Thomas Hobson, of Cumberland county, Va., had a 
son named John, who married Permelia Robinson, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1839. He was married the second time to 
Elizabeth James, of Callaway county, and by his two wives he 
had eight sons and eight daughters. Mr. Hobson was a soldier of 
the war of 1812. 

Hays. — William Hays, of Mainland, had two children — George 
N. and Nellie. His wife died, and he removed to South Caro- 
lina, where he married Phoebe Jackson, by whom he had— Otho, 
Owen, Charlotte, John, Harmon, William, Patsey, Lavinia, and 
Riley. Nelli? married Robert Jones, and settled in Montgomery 
county. Mo., in 1827. Harmon came to Missouri with Levi Mc- 
Murtry and his family, when he was a boy, and rode a bull calf 
most of the way. He settled near Readesville, in Callawaj-. 
county, in 1832, and married Minerva Scholl. Since then he has 
made a fortune and raised a large family of children. 

Holland. — Major John M. Holland, of Frankhn county, Va., 
represented his county in the Legislature twelve years. He mar- 
ried a Miss Ferguson, and they had — Peter, John, Andrew, 
Johnson, Abraham, Ebenezer, Fanny, Mary, Julia, and Nancy. 

Herring. — George Herring, of Virginia, married Elizabeth 
Closby, and they had — Jonathan, George, John, and Nathan. 
The three last named were soldiers in the war of 1812, and they 
afterward married and settled in Callaway county. George mar- 


ried Lucy Sinco, John married Lucy Carver, and Nathan mafried 
Susan Hill. 

HoLMAN. — Edward, the son of Henry Holman, of Maryland, 
married Abigail Williams, and their son Henry was married first 
to Eliza Jones, of Kentucky, by whom he had two sons and five 
daughters. After the death of his first wife he married Nancy 
Nash, of Missouri, and settled in Callaway county in 1820. 
Rosetta, daughter of Henry Holman, Sr., married David Darst, 
who settled in Darst's Bottom in 1798. Jesse, son of Henry 
Holman, Sr., was a noted lawyer of Indiana, and a son of his is 
a representative in Congress from that State. 

Howe. — Rev. Joseph Howe, of Pennsylvania, was a Presbyte- 
rian minister, but unlike ministers in general, he was wealthy. At 
his death he willed $20,000 to pay a church debt, and divided the 
remainder of his property into nine equal parts, eight of which 
were for his eight children, and the ninth was to be given to "the 
Lord." His children were — Isaac, Harvey, John D., James, 
Cynthia, Maria, Jane, and Eliza. Isaac married Jane Boyd, and 
settled in Callawaj'' county at an early date. His children were — 
Wallace, Thomas, John, David, Harvey, James, Jane, Margaret, 
and Mary A. Harvey and John D., brothers of Isaac, also set- 
tled in Callaway county. The latter was married first to Sally Par- 
nell, and second to Margaret Henderson. James married Ann C. 
Baker. Cynthia married David D. Davis. Maria married Jiimes 
Jameson. Jane married Jacob Coons. Eliza was married first 
to Joseph Henderson, and second to Mr. McAdoff". 

Hopkins. — Charles Hopkins was an Episcopal minister of En- 
gland, but came to America and settled in Goochland county, 
Va. He was married twice, and had nineteen sons and two 
daughters. One of his sons, named John, married Mary Luck, 
of Virginia, by whom he had — George B., William L., Nancy, 
Adelia, Lucy, Polly, and Sarah. George B. married Ann 
Withens, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 
1831. He served as Judge of the County Court for twenty years. 
In 1835 he was elected Colonel of militia, and served until 1845. 
His children were — James A., Anna E., Marion L., John A., 
and Edward W. Mrs. Hopkins died in 1852, and he afterward 
married Mrs. Ann Gray, who died in 1873. 

HoRNBucKLE. — William Hornbuckle, of Virginia, married Jane 
Harding;; and settled in North Carolina, from whence he removed 
to Kentucky, and in 1821 he settled in Callaway county, Mo. 
His children were — Thomas, Richard, Harding, Alfred, Rufus, 
Nancy, Dubby, Rebecca, Peggy, Susan, and Sally, all of whom 
settled in Callaway county. 

Horde. — Killes Horde, of Culpepper county, Va., had — Alex- 
I ander, Daniel, Lewis, Edwin, Catharine, and Minnie. Alexander 

* married Agnes Jones, and settled in Callaway county in 1837. 



They bad — Robert J., Richard L., Alexander, Julia A,, Mary 
C, and Sarah J. Robert J. was born deaf and dumb. He mar- 
ried Martha Jones, and they had two children who are deaf and 
dumb also. Richard L. married Mary T. Heard, of "Virginia. 
Alexander married Mary T. Jones, of Missouri. Julia A. mar- 
ried John Carby, of Virginia. Mary C. married John Waller, 
of Virginia. Sarah J. married Robert Davis, of Missouri. 

Hyten..— Joseph Hyten, of Maryland, married Priscilla Cay- 
wood, and their son, Josiah, married Rebecca Caywood, and 
settled in Montgomery county, Ky., in 1810. Their children 
were — William, Stephen H., and Otho. Stephen H. was in the 
war of 1812. He married Nancy McGary, and settled in Calla- 
way county in 1830. Their children were — Sampson, Landrum, 
Stephen, Susan, Mary, Malinda, Rebecca, Nancy, and Amanda. 

Humphreys. — The children of John Humphreys, of Greenbriar 
county, Va., were — Rachel, Samuel, James, William, EHzabeth, 
and Polly. Richard married Elizabeth Nevens, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1818. Samuel married Susan Smart, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1821. The rest of the children 
settled in that county the same year. 

Hamilton. — Archibald Hamilton was a native of the northern 
part of Ireland, but came to America and settled in Augusta Co., 
Va. He had three sons — William, John, and Andrew. William 
married Patience Craig, a daughter of Rev. Jesse Craig,* and 
they had — Isabella, Jane, Frances, Mary, Joanna, Rebecca, 
John C, Hugh, and Andrew. John C. married Sarah Craig, of 
Virginia, and they had — James C, Mary, John, Robert, Eliza J., 
Isabella, Sarah, and Frances. Mr. Hamilton settled in Callaway 
Co., Mo., in 1837. — Hugh, the son of William Hamilton, Sr., 
married Elizabeth Clark, and settled in Saline Co., Mo. His 
brother Andrew married Nancy Craig, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1829. They had — James, William C, Elizabeth, 
Rebecca, Hugh, John S., Mary, and Margaret. Mr. Hamilton's 
first wife died, and he was married the second time to Elizabeth 
Callison. Joanna, daughter of William Hamilton, married Sam- 
uel Wilson, who settled in Callaway county in 1832. Rebecca 
married Brydon Wilson, who settled in Callaway county in 1832. 
Frances married Robert Neal, who settled in that county in 1829. 
— John Hamilton, a distant relative of the above family, settled 
in Callaway county in 1820. His wife was Peggy C. BaskinS. 

*Rev. Jesse Craig was the first Presbyterian minister who settled west of the 
Blue Ridge Mountains. On the 28th of July, 1747, he assisted in laying the corner 
stone of the first Presbyterian Church erected west of those mountains, and on that 
occasion delivered the following address: "This is the day set apart, my friends, to 
lay the corner stone of the first church west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, over which 
I i)ronounce this unpremeditated benediction— 'May He who is the Layer of this cor- 
ner stone prosper the work and countenance this hope as long as it shall be used for 
His glory. Amen.'" 


He was a fast runner, and ran a race one day, with an Indian, 
for a horn of powder. He won the powder, and then the Indian 
wanted to run the race over again; but Hamilton could not see 
the matter in that light. The children of John Hamilton were — 
Anna R., William B., James G., John, Agnes G., Thomas S., 
George "W., and Charles H. Anna R. married Albert G. Boone. 
Agnes G. married John H, Hamilton, of Montgomery City. The 
Hamiltons were a sober, industrious, hospitable class of people 
and highly esteemed by all their neighbors and acquaintances. 

Hawkins — John Hawkins, of Scott (ounty, Ky., married 
Sarah Johnson, and they had — John, Philip, William, Margaret, 
Sally, Fanny, and Nancy. William married Lydia T. Francis, 
of Kentucky, and settled in Howard county, Mo., in 1816. They 
had — John, William, Mary J., Granville, and Henry. William 
married Catharine W. Shelby, and settled in Caliaway county in 
1832. He raised a large family of children. 

Holt. — Timothy Holt, of Halifax county, Va., married Eliza- 
beth Chambers, and they had — Abner, Hiram, Robert, John, 
William, Lucy E,, Elizabeth, Jane, and Ann. Abner married 
Elizabeth Brooks, of Virginia, and settled in Callaway county in 
1819. They had — Timothy, James, Robert, John, William P., 
Hiram, Abner, Jr., Elijah, Susan, and E^lizabeth C. Hiram, son 
of Timothy Holt, Sr., was married twice, his first wife being Jane 
Stanfleld, and his second her sister Nancy. He settled in Calla- 
way county in 1826. His children were — Ann, William, Abner, 
Elizabeth, Jane, Emeline, Mary, Margaret, Lucy, Hiram, Jr., 
and Ashley. 

Jackson. — William J, Jackson was born in Chester, England, 
and was an only child. He came to America in 1788 and settled 
in Maryland, where he became a large tobacco grower. He mar- 
ried Mary Belt, and they had two sons and two daughters ; but 
only one of their children, Richard B., lived to be grown. In 
1811 he went to Kentucky and settled in Scott county, where he 
subsequently filled several offices of honor and responsibility. In 
1816 he married Clarissa Green well, by whom he had — William 
J., Caroline E., Thomas J., Clarissa, Richard B., and Robert W. 
Mr. Jackson settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1831, and in 
183'1 he was elected door-keeper of the House of Representatives 
at Jefferson City, which office he filled in a highly creditable 
manner for twenty-one years. He was also Marshal of the Su- 
preme Court for several years. He died in 1855, in the 66th 
year of his age. A handsome monument was subsequently 
erected to his memory by the State. His son, William J., mar- 
ried Sarah E, Wren. He has been a Justice of the Peace for 
many years, and has performed the marriage ceremony for more 
than a hundred couples. He married an entire family of thirteen 
persons at $1 each. He was also a great hunter in early days, 


and devoted a considerable portion of his time to that exciting 
pursuit. One day, while out with a party of hunters, they came 
upon an old bear, which they found to be a tough customer. He 
killed or wounded all their dogs, and having shot all their am- 
munition away at him without bringing him down, they drove him 
into a neighbor's horse-lot, and killed .him with their knives. 
Thomas J. Jackson, brother of William J., married Orientha 
Sharp, Richard B. and Robert W. were killed during the late 
war between the North and South. Caroline E. married a Mr. 
Broadwater, and Clarissa married a Mr. Foster. 
^ Jones. — WilHam Jones was a Captain in the American armj'' 
during the revolutionivry war, and was killed at the battle of 
Guilford Court House. He had a son named David, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Mosley, of Buckingham county, Va., and settled 
in Callaway county. Mo., in 1838. He was Postmaster at Will- 
iamsburg for some time. His children were Eliza, Robert M., 
Permelia, Walker, William A., and Louisa W. EHza married 
James S. Mosley. William A. married Mary E. Venable, and set- 
tled in Missouri in 1831. Louisa W. married John Hobson, who 
settled in Callaway county in 1838. 

Jameson. — James Jameson, of Virginia, married Lucy Hack- 
ney, by whom he had — John, James, Thomas, David,' William, 
Zachariah, Judith, Margaret, and Nancy. Mr. Jameson removed 
to Kentucky in 1789. His eldest son, John, married Jalee Reeds, 
of Virginia, by whom he had — James, Samuel, Thomas, John, 
Isaac N., Sarah, Lucy, Judith, Elizabeth, and Amanda. Mr. 
Jameson settled in Callaway county. Mo., in 1824. His son 
James lived and died in Kentucky. Samuel married Malinda 
Harris, and settled in Callaway county, where they had — TiraH., 
James, Samuel, Sally A., Jalee, Minerva, Susan, and Mary. 
Thomas Jameson was married first to Margaret V. Martin, and 
second to the widow of Philip George, whose maiden name was 
C. A. Sallee. Col. John Jameson was born March 6, 1802. He 
possessed a superior order of mind, was an able speaker and 
reasoner, and was twice elected to Congress from his district. He 
wielded a large influence in that bodj', and ably represented his 
constituents. He died January 24, 1857. (See portrait on page 
228). He married Susan Harris, and they had — John H., Eliza- 
beth, Sallie T., and Malinda R. Isaac N. Jameson married Miss 
A. P. Smith, and died twenty-eight days after. Sarah married 
John Litton. Lucy married Nicholas Harper, and they had — 
John, Albert, Thomas J., Sarah, Louisa, Elizabeth, and Judith. 
Judith Jameson married Charles Yeater, and they had — John, 
Joseph, and Sarah. Elizabeth married Henry Wright, and they 
had Jameson and Jalee. All of the above settled in Callawaj' 
and Audrain counties. 

Jones. — John Jones, of Mercer county, Ky., married Elizabeth 


Wren, and they had — Tilman, Nancy, Polly, Robert, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Hezekiah, and William. Robert was married first to 
Ellen Hays, and second to Tillie C. Simpson. His children were 
— John, Elizabeth, Mary, and George. Mr. Jones settled in 
Callaway county in 1831. Hezekiah, his brother, settled in that 
county the same year. -He married JElizabeth Perkins, and they 
had — Elvira, Newton, Elizabeth, Milton, Virginia, Nancy, 
Thomas, Tilley, Lucy, and Nathaniel. 

Kemp. — John Kemp, of England, married a Miss Craighead, 
and settled in Franklin county, Va. They had — Thomas, Robert, 
William, Jordan, John, and Martha. John married Fannie Dud- 
ley, and settled in Callaway county in 1832. They had — Dudley, 
Jordan, William, Milley, and Polly. Thomas Kemp married 
Esther Maxey, of Virginia, and they had — Walter, John, William, 
Rob«rt, James, Mary, Martha, Susan, Nancy, Lucy, Joanna, 
Elizabeth, and Sarah W. Walter married Jerusha Key, and set- 
tled in Callaway county, in 1832. William married Delila Kemp, 
his cousin, and settled in Callaway county in 1834. Robert mar- 
ried Mary Holland, and settled in Callaway county in I834. 
James married the widow of Robert Craighead, and settled in 
Callaway county in 1834. Sarah W. was married first to Pet er 
H. Holland, who settled in Callaway county in 1836. After his 
death she married John Steel. 

KiDWELL — Zedekiah Kid well, of Fairfax county, Va., was born in 
England. His children were — Washington R., Albert, Zedekiah, 
Charles F., George W., Eglantine, Sarah, Virginia, and Mary. 
Washington R. was married at Willard's Hotel, in Washington 
City, in 1835, to Mary A. Wheeler, of Maryland, and settled in 
Callaway county. Mo., in 1839. They had— William L., John 
S., Z. K., Albert, Rebecca E., Mary W., Josephine, Eglantine, 
Salli^, and Rosa W. Mr. Kidwell died in 1864. He represented 
Callaway county in the' Legislature one term. 

Kelley. — James Kelley, of Virginia, was of Irish descent. He 
married Hannah George, and they had — John R., Mahala Y., and 
Williamson. Mr. Kelley was Captain of a ship, and was lost in a 
storm- at sea, which also wrecked his vessel. John R. and Mahala 
Y. Kelley died in childhood. Williamson married Elizabeth B. 
Bragg, daughter of Henry Bragg and Dinah W. Talbott, of Nor- 
folk, Va., by whom he had three sons and one daughter. Mr. 
Kelley was a merchant in Virginia, and when he came to Mis- 
souri he brought his goods with him, and opened the first store 
in Martinsburg, Montgomery county. 

Kitchen. — Thomas Kitchen, of Smith county, Tennessee, mar- 
ried the widow of James Goodrich, and settled on Coats' Prairie 
in Callaway county, in 1817. He had no children, but adopted a 
little girl named Lizzie Linnville, who was five years of age at 
the time. When she was grown she married her adopted father, 


his first wife having died. He -was seventy years of age at the 
time. Mr. Kitchen's first wife was a member of the Old Baptist 
Church at Salem, but he never joined because he could not tell 
his experience, from the fact that he had none to tell. But he 
officiated with the members, and was the business man of the 
institution, which led to his being called a dry land member. 
When Captain John Baker's mill was being built on Loutre creek, 
Kitchen, who was a carpenter, assisted in the work, and one day 
he slipped and fell from the top of the mill into the creek, and 
struck a catfish, which he mashed into jelly, but escaped unhurt 
himself. After this event he declared that he was no lonsrer a 
a dry land member, as he had been thoroughly baptized. He 
also called himself Thomas Jonah Kitchen, because he, like Jonah 
of old, had been saved by a fish. 

Key. — George Key served in the revolutionary war four years. 
He afterward married Susannah Craighead, of Franklin county, 
Va,, and in 1831, at the age of 78 years, he came to Missouri, 
and settled in Callaway county. His children were — George T., 
Martin, Susan, Jerusha, Adonijah, Arphaxad, and Joanna. 
Jerusha married Walter Kemp, and settled in Callaway county in 
1831. Joanna married Albert Agee, who settled in Callaway 
county in 1830. 

King. — Stephen M. King, of Maryland, settled in Kentuckj' at 
an earlj'^ date, and married a Miss Nelson, by whom he had a son 
named Stephen. The latter was married first to a German lady, 
who died ; he then married Cynthia Chaney, who also died, and 
he afterward married a widow lady named Bruner, who was a 
daughter of a Mr. Strood, of Clark county, Ky., who was a great 
Indian fighter. Mr. King Had nine children by his three wives 
and was an early settler of Callaway county. 

Kemper. — Tilman Kemper was a soldier of the revolutionary 
war. He settled first in Culpepper county, Va., where he'mar- 
ried Dinah Hitt, by whom he had fifteen children. He subse- 
quently removed to Bryan's Station, in Kentucky, with three of 
his children, Thomas, Anna, and Benjamin. The latter married 
Sally Adams, and they had a son named Abraham, who studied 
medicine when he was grown and becamis a physician. He mar- 
ried Sophia Wainscott, of Kentucky, and settled in Callaway 
county in 1830, 

Kennon. — John Kennon, of Louisa county, Va., was the son of 
Joseph Kennon. He married his cousin, Martha Kennon, and 
settled in Callaway county in 1831. He lost his wife, and was 
married again to Julia Snell. 

Knight. — James Knight, of Maryland, married Nancy Will- 
iams, and settled in Fleming county, Ky., where they had — John, 
William, Elijah, Wesley, James, Selatha, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and 
Sally. William Married Eliza Hornbuckle, and settled in Calla- 


way county in 1825. They had — James F., Sally, Wesley H.» 
Rebecca A., Amanda, Elizabeth A., William S., and John H. 

Leepek. — James Leeper and his wife, whose maiden name was 
Margaret Henderson, were natives of Nicholas county, Ky. In 
1829 they came to Missouri, and Mr. Leeper bought a New 
Madrid claim of 640 acres, near Concord, in Callaway county^ 
upon which he settled. His children were — Ellen, Susan, Eliza- 
beth, Louisa, Isabella C, Amanda, John, David, James A., and 
William C. Mr. Leeper was a soldier of the war of 1812. 

Langtrye — William and Hillery Langtrye came to America 
from Ireland, and settled in Madison county, Va. Hillery was a 
bachelor, and was in the employ of the government at Washing- 
ton City for a number of years. In 1861 he returned to his 
native country, and died there in 1869. His brother William 
married Kitty B. Arbuckle, of Madison county, Va., and they 
had — Hillery J., Anna, Archibald, Margaret, and William. Anna 
was married first to William Gray, of Callaway county, and 
second to Joseph Allen, of the same county. Archibald married 
Elizabeth Hamilton, and settled in Callaway county in 1837, 
Margaret marr