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Full text of "History of the Poland China breed of swine"

IIIIIIIIMIIIIIiii 



HISTORY 



-OF THE— 



POLAND CHINA 

Breed of Swine 



VOLUME I 



Published by 

POLAND CHINA HISTORY ASSOCIATION 

1921 



Entered according to Act of Coneress in the year 1921, by 
JOSEPH RAY DAVIS and HARVEY S. DUNCAN 
in tlie offlce of the 
LiBnARiAN or Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



In compliance with current copyright law, Etherington 

Conservation Services produced this replacement volume 

on paper that meets ANSI Standard Z39.48-1992 and ISO 

9706. Preservation facsimile printing and binding 

by Etherington Conservation Services 

Browns Summit, North Carolina. 

www.thehfgroup.com 

2008 

CX) 



Conservation Services 

sH-Group 



PREFACE 

Knowledge is the vital force in human 
progress, and authentic history is an essential 
element of knowledge. 

A century of evolution embodying the vision, 
aspiration, labor and skill of American husband- 
men has resulted in the modern Poland China, 
the only strictly American Breed of Live Stock. 

Through many years devoted to personal 
contact and research we have succeeded in 
giving to the present and future generations of 
Swine growers this work to the end that those 
who study it may gain inspiration and enlighten- 
ment, pleasing, helpful and profitable to them. 

With gracious thanks to all who supported 
our labors we dedicate it to the memory of those 
whose activities form its earlier chapters, ta 
those of the present day who guide now the 
Breed's destinies, and to those of the countless 
To-morrows who will prize such a heritage. 

The Authors. 



CONTENTS 



Preface. 

I. Origin and Development 1 

II. Originators and Promoters 3 

III. Naming of the Breed 11 

IV. The First Pedigree and the Record Associations 12 

V. Foundation Material 16 

VI. Prominent Boars Up to 1890 19 

VII. Prominent Boars Between 1890 AND 1900 24 

VIII. Prominent Boars Between 1900 AND 1910 31 

IX. Prominent Boars Between 1910 and 1915 37 

X. Prominent Boars Between 1915 and 1920 52 

XI. Foundation Boars of the Poland Chinas 78 

XII. Hot Bloods, Cold Bloods, Medium Types AND Big Types. . . 84 

XIII. The Score Card and Its Influence 87 

XIV. Auction Sales and Their Beginning 91 

XV. Peter Mouw and Thirty-five Years of Big Types 93 

XVI. High Selling Poland Chinas 101 

XVII. Fecundity and Prolificacy 106 

XVIII. Pol.\nd China as a Feeder and Lard Producer 108 

XIX. Important Brood Sows and Their Influence on Breed 

Building 110 

XX. Pedigrees and Their Importance to Breed Improvement. . 122 

XXI. National Swine Show Poland China Winners 130 

XXII. Poland China Champions 1910 to 1920 143 

XXIII. The Wide Dissemination of the Breed 160 

XXIV. The Three Record Associations Organize for Breed Pro- 

motion 162 

XXV. The Dawn of Breed Journalism 170 

XXVI. The Breed's Decline 174 

XXVII. The Breed's Redemption 178 

XXVIII. The Aftermath 193 

Illustrations, Animal and Advertisers' Index Begin 275 




Joseph Rat Davis 




Haevbt S. Duncan 



CHAPTER I 

Origin and Development 

1 HE origin of the Poland China has its beginning in the Miami Valley, 
Butler and Warren counties, Ohio. This is an undulating region with a 
prevailing clay-loam soil, excepting in the river bottom. The Great 
Miami tlows through Butler county, the valley of which is twelve miles 
wide and very fertile. The Little Miami river drains the greater part of 
Warren county. Corn, wheat, oats, grass and clover are grown ex- 
tensively in both counties, which cover about eight hundred and fifty 
square miles. 

The early settlers of the Miami Valley were most fortunately situated 
for raising swine. The greatest variety of rich, nutritious grasses in the 
low land and on the hills, with many kinds of nut bearing trees, fur- 
nishes mast enough to feed and fatten vast droves of swine. 

Cincinnati, a thriving city on the Ohio river, whose commerce was 
then at high tide, contributed much to the rapid development of the new 
hog. The east and the south were her customers, and steamers loaded 
at her wharf with pork, bacon and lard, for the new and growing west. 

Prior to 1816 two well recognized breeds of swine, Russia and Byfield, 
were used in the Miami Valley. The Russia was white in color, extra 
large, narrow loin, heavy bone, pointed ears, coarse hair, late to mature, 
but quiet and very industrious. The Byfield had two types: first, large 
and coarse like the Russia, extra length and height, and white in color; 
second, small, fine hair, small ear, large jowl, short nose, extra broad 
back, and dished face. Both breeds were recognized as superior to 
the common hog in that day, and were freely crossed with the native 
hogs. 

In the year 1816, the Shaker Society, through their trustee, John 
Wallace, secured one boar and three sows from a firm in Philadelphia. 
These were known as Big China hogs. The boar and two sows were 
white, while the third sow had sandy to black spots. Historians believe 
they were the same hogs that were so popular about this time in the 
states of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. They were large and 
very smooth, and when crossed on the Russia and Byfield, produced 
superior feeders, improving the character of the Miami Valley pigs, re- 
sulting in what became widely known as the "Warren County Hog." 
Weights of some are given as high as twelve hundred to fifteen hundred 
pounds. 

Hogs were bred for two important requirements, size and good trav- 
elers. They were driven to market and in some cases were compelled 
to travel nearly one hundred miles. 

Between 1816 and 1835 the swine industry of southwestern Ohio had 
a great impetus, due to the beneficial effects of the Big China. About 
the year 1835 the old-fashioned Berkshire was introduced in the Miami 
Valley. This hog was extra large, spotted or red in color, with large 



2 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

lieavy ears hanging down lo the nose. They were nearly as large as the 
Warren county hog and added sjTiimetry to the above crosses. 

In 1839 the Irish Grazier, three in number, a large white hog, was 
brought in the valley by Wm. Neff. This new^ hog grew to immense 
size if fed two or three years. They w^ere great travelers, having extra 
heavy bone. Their superior points over the Warren county hog were 
stronger backs, broader loin and greater length, especially between the 
shoulder and ham. The three imported by Neff with their descendants 
were the only Irish Graziers brought into the Miami Valley. 

Some historians have fixed 1846 as the year of the discontinuance of 
all outside blood in crossing on the Warren county hog. In the Hark- 
rader neighborhood from 1842 there were no further outside crosses, 
and from that time until this date, improvement has been made by selec- 
tion only. The breeders of swine in this valley organized for the promo- 
tion of the new breed — "They became thoroughly assured that they had 
the elements, the basis of a good breed of hogs, and by judicious dis- 
criminating breeding they could produce and thoroughly establish a 
breed of swine that w-ould meet the demands of the country." 

The marked improvement in the form of symmetry of the Warren 
county hog began after better roads were built and canals and railroads 
saved the necessity of driving manj' miles to market. The demand for 
travelers declined, and the animal that could assimilate the greatest 
amount of corn, clover and grass in the shortest time was sought. This 
called for the hog of quiet temperament, that would not consume feed 
and waste it in the expenditure of force, rather in laying on flesh. The 
families of quiet disposition were always found to be the most profitable 
feeders and good breeders. 

In the increased facilities for transportation not only lessened the 
value of the hog, whose first recommendation was that he was a good 
traveler, and could walk any distance, but it increased the price of corn 
bringing it nearer the consumer. Hence the increased necessity for a 
most economical pork producer. 

In the earliest history of the swine in the West, the farmers trusted to 
the range of untilled lands and forests for the growth of frame, and 
then fattened their hogs on corn alone. As the range in the forests 
diminislicd with the settling up of the country, the necessity of providing 
its equivalent was met in the increased acreage of clover and grass. The 
excellence of this feed enabled the farmer to put on the market fat hogs 
at an earlier age. Cheaper pork could be made in less time by grazing in 
small enclosures and on grain feed, than when hogs spent their force in 
rambling. Instead of the lankness of form and the length of limb and 
head induced by roaming and irregular and scanty feeding, began to 
appear the shortened head and leg and the more rounded form and 
luller digestive power. 



CHAPTER II 

Originators and Promoters 

Shaker society:— None connected with the early work of improv- 
ing the breed deserves more credit and praise than do the members of 
the Shaker society. The Shakers owe their origin to Ann Lee, who was 
born in Manchester, England, February 29, 1736, emigrated to America 
in 1774, and died September 8, 1784. The first church building was 
erected in autumn of 1785, and the first formal organization of the so- 
ciety was in September, 1787, at Mount Lebanon, N. Y., which was the 
parent colony thereafter. 

Union Village, in Warren county, Ohio, the first colony in the west, 
largely owes its location to Malcolm Worley. He was converted and 
used his influence over his neighbors in the building of a colony. His 
house still stands near the center of the society's estate. Union Village 
may date their origin to the year 1805. In 1800, Ohio had a population 
of about 45,000 and Cincinnati with about 500, while in 1810 the state 
had increased to 230,760, and Cincinnati to 2,540. The Shakers numbered 
126 souls in Ohio in 1805 and by 1811 had increased to 300. 

The Shaker society was a religious sect, believing that all property 
should be owned jointly, and that every phase of life should be lived 
to do the most good for each other spiritually. They were against mar- 
riage, and did not permit the reading of books, magazines or papers, 
other than those published by their own sect. Everything was owned 
in common, and as for progress in the methods of handling a great many 




THE Main Bt-ildings of the Shaker Society, Union Vil- 
lage, Ohio 
Mrs. W. M. McFadden in Foreground 



4 HISTORY OF POI.AND CHlSA SWINE 

of their nianulactured goods, their members were rated superior to the 
outside world. Many of the inventions of their time are credited to the 
Shaker members. 

The society was against war, and were often persecuted by soldiers 
and officers of the army during the wars of 1812, 1847, 1863. During 
the Civil War, Secretary Stanton decided that the Shakers, as fast as 
drafted, should be furloughed, which was afterwards confirmed by 
President Lincoln. 

Probably the greatest leader of the Shakers was Elder David Darrow. 
His genius and that of the coadjutors may in part be realized, when it 
is considered that the colony passed througli rapid changes in many 

ways from log huts to frame buildings, and thence to substantial brick 

buildings for dwellings, with all other necessary improvements. A re- 
view of the gigantic undertakings shows a sawmill in 1807, and a new 
one in 1808; a new church in 1809 and a new one in 1818; in 1819, the 




One of the Buiujings Belonging to the Shaker Society, U.vi' 



Village, O. 



population had increased to about 600, among which were blacksmiths, 
masons, stone cutters, carpenters, tanners, fullers, clothiers, cabinet- 
makers, tailors, weavers, carders, spinners, etc., all of whom were em- 
ployed in their favorite vocation. All the clothing, boots, shoes, etc., 
used by the colony were made by its members. Besides this their land 
produced nearly all their living, animal, vegetable and fruits. Tea and 
coffee were not used, and the beverages consisted of spices, brush sassa- 
fras, roots, sage, etc., all grown on their farm. The fields produced 
large crops of corn, flax, wheat, rye, etc. The chief industries consisted 
of raising garden seed, preserving and packing herbs, manufacturing 
woolen goods, brooms, flour, oil, extracts of roofs for medicine, sorghum, 
cattle and hogs. 

The officers of the society were, first in the ministry and his assistant 
for the men, and first in the ministry and her assistant for the women, 
plus a person in charge of eadi house for both the men and the women, 
and trustees, usually three, who wire appointed by the parent colony 



ORIGINATORS AND PROMOTERS 



at Mount Lebanon, N. Y., subject to tlie approval of the Union Village. 
The first minister had direct supervision over the entire colony, and the 
trustees were in immediate charge of all farm operations. They made 
a written report each day to the first minister in charge and these reports 
for the most part are now in the files of the Ohio State Archaeological 
and Historical society, Columbus, Ohio. 

John Wallace, a trustee, made a business trip to Philadelphia in 1816 
and while there was shown some hogs called Big Chinas. He purchased 
four, a boar and three sows, and these were crossed on the common 
hogs then on the farms of the Shaker colony. So thorough were the 
members of the society in every line of work, that the improvements in 
the swine pens were nothing unusual for the society, at least practically 
no mention is given in the history regarding it, but the appreciation of 
the added improvement in better swine was shown by the farmers living 
near the colony, in the purchase of breeding stock. 

The rules or government of the society became so severe that the 
young folks growing up in the care of the society, noting the many thingi 
of which they were denied and that other young folks of the locality 
were enjoying, began to break away and leave the society. From the 
300 members in the entire state of Ohio in 1811, the believers had 
dwindled to 255 by 1859, and to 90 in 1903. The membership in the 
entire United States in 1823 was 4000, and in 1901 was 600. As this book 
is written there are but 8 left who were connected with the Union Vil- 
lage, one man and 7 women, who because of their extreme age will soon 
be numbered among the deceased. 

D. M. Magie: — Beginning at a time when the Shaker society was at 
its zenith, D. M. Magie began his work in the marketing and breeding of 
the Warren county hog. He was born in the state of New Jersey in 
1811, and two years later the family 
moved to Oxford, Butler county, Ohio. 
With his father he became identified 
with the raising of live stock in 1837. 
Records show that the Magies, as early 
as 1840, drove hundreds of hogs of their 
own breeding to the markets of Cincin- 
nati. The superior quality of these ani- 
mals attracted a great deal of attention 
among the leading stockmen, who pur- 
chased many for breeding purposes. 
. This gave Magie the idea of disseminat- 

^^^^^ >^^ ing the blood of his hogs; its working out 

^^^^^^ ^^^L brought to him the credit of being the 

^^^^^^^ HhI greatest advertiser and shipper of his 

H^^^^^^ lM|^ day. So successful was he in his adver- 

^^^^^^b i>'^^R tising that the demand for his stock ex- 

^ '•'^^^^1 ccidcd the output, so he would be seen 

^ j^j ^^^^ I driving aroimd the countrj' with a wagon 

l>icking up the better hogs in the com- 
munity to help fill his orders. Many shipments were made to foreign 
countries. In later years Magie tried to establish his claim to being the 
originator of the Poland China breed, but a committee appointed by th-j 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 




National Swine Breeders convention reported in their meeting held in 

Indianapolis, Ind., in 1872, that this claim was unfounded. Later, when 

the recording associations were being formed, Magie held out against 

them and never would sanction the use of a pedigree. This action on 

his part led the records afterwards to refuse to accept pedigrees of ani- 
mals purchased from his herd. 

A. C. Moore:— Born in Butler county, Ohio, in 1821, A. C. Moore early 

became a great booster for the Warren county hog. In 1854 he moved 

to Fulton county, Illinois, taking with 

him eleven sows. To Mr. Moore great 

credit is due for breed dissemination, 

as he was persistent in exhibiting his 

hogs at the leading shows during the 

sixties. From this method his sales grew 

tremendously, especially in states of the 

West, and in foreign countries. Unlike 

Magie, Mr. Moore raised the majority of 

his breeding stock, having at least four 

farms as early as the seventies, with an 

aggregate of a hundred and sixty sows 

and eight herd boars. Mr. Moore was al- 
ways partial to his first love, the Spotted 

Poland China, keeping his herds well 

spotted. It might be said from his herd 

came the foundation material for the 

present day Spotted Poland Chinas that 

are eligible to the recognized records. 

He was a charter member of the American Poland China Record and a 

loyal breed booster even to his death in 1907. 

John Harkrader: -John Harkrader, Springboro, Ohio, is credited 

with being the real constructive breeder of his day. Carl Freigau, the 

originator of the first Poland China record, pays to Mr. Harkrader the 
following tribute: "John Harkrader is 
one of those pioneer breeders of Poland 
Chinas who deserves the credit of origin- 
ating and improving this favorite breed. 
His farm is located near Springboro in 
Warren county, Ohio, and there he raised 
those fine specimens of hogs that breed- 
ers from far and near were anxious to 
obtain for improving their herds." While 
there were many skillful and judicious 
breeders engaged in perfecting this noted 
breed, still it has been acknowledged by 
all fair-minded men that no man de- 
serves more credit for the improvement 
of the Poland China hog at that time than 
does John Harkrader. He was born in 
Wythe county, Virginia, and moved with 
his parents to a farm near Springboro, 
Warren Counlv, Ohio. Like his father he 




ORIGINATORS AND PROMOTERS 7 

was a typical Virginian, so to speak, being of the mountain district, where 
luxuries were not known, and homes were built out of logs, furniture 
hewn from the great logs, and clothing, bedding, etc., home-made. After 
moving to Ohio the senior Harkrader assisted the son in clearing the land 
to establish the new home. Their farm was located two miles southeast 
of the little village of Blue Ball and about two and one-half miles south- 
west of the Shaker village. The Shaker society kept nothing but the 
best in the way of live stock and were great feeders and caretakers. This 
pleased Harkrader very much, as his ambitions from boj^hood were to 
raise live stock and to have them a little better than anyone else. So 
early they cleared the ground for the live stock, building substantial 
barns and sheds to give shelter and warmth. The claim of the Shaker 
society to the origin of a new breed of hogs aroused the interest of John 
Harkrader and it was from them that he secured his first start in what 
we now know as Poland Chinas. A cousin of John Harkrader in writ- 
ing to one of the newspapers had this to say regarding the methods John 
Harkrader used in caring for his herds: "This John Harkrader kept 
his farm in the best possible condition for the hogs; kept them so that 
they were well sheltered from all cold in the winter and with good shel- 
ter in hot weather. He always had plenty of good clean water, gave 
excellent slop and bred them with the greatest care, always taking pains 
to get good sires from the Shakers and others that were no way related 
or inbred with his own stock. Great care was taken with the feeding 
of his animals. They were never fed in large droves, but were kept in 
separate or smaller lots in such a way that they would not fight or crowd 
each other and he always made an effort to keep those of a like age 
together in the same feeding pens. These pens were always clean and 
free from dirt, filth and manure. The floors from which the hogs ate 
were always kept clean, which fact no doubt added materially to the 
health and general thriftiness of his hogs. He was a great believer in 
the use of pastures for his hogs, always pasturing them in small droves. 
He took a great pride in exhibiting the best of his hogs at the state and 
county fairs and always brought home a large portion of the premiums, 
which were prominently displayed in the Harkrader home. In 1852, 
Mr. Harkrader marketed four hundred head of his hogs in Cincinnati 
that averaged about four hundred pounds around at an age of approxi- 
mately eighteen months. Breeding stock was sold far and near ranging 
in prices from $80 to $99, which was considered extremely high." In 
1855 a brother to John Harkrader, known as Samuel, moved with his 
family to Hancock county, Illinois, and took with him some twelve or 
fifteen of John's hogs, and from this herd a large number of the western 
farmers secured their breeding stock that later developed into the Po- 
land China breed of swine. John Harkrader was in stature a small man 
and was commonly called "Little John" by his friends. He was a great 
man to be always hollering and talking aloud, always bragging on his 
hogs and on the candidate for the democrats. He was an excellent 
business man and amiable to get along with. He died at the age of forty- 
five years, just about the close of the Civil War. He was so opposed 
to the United States government over the Civil War that he got led into 
a controversy whereby he was so seriously injured that the injury caused 
his death. In all other respects he certainly was a most excellent man 



8 HISTOHY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

of good and clean character, a great help to the community in which ho 
lived and in every other way, excepting only in this one weakness. 

H. M. & W. P. SissoN. C.alcsburg, 111., were denominating figures in the 
hog business tor many years. They were two of the finest, brainy. 




HE.vnv McC. 



dignified gentlemen of the profession. They commanded respect, not 
only for the breed, but for the American Poland China Record, as both 
were charter members and W. P. Sisson the first president. 

E. & J. M. Ki.EVER, Bloomingburg, Ohio, grew up under the influence 
of the prominent and most successful early day Poland China breeders. 
They were very reserved, willing to learn, but not free to give advice, 
keen students both of individual merit and pedigree. They were given 
the distinction as being tiic greatest showmen of their day. Their hogs 
were large and smooth, very prolific, and were even as peas in a pod. 




J. iM. Klevei 



OKIOINATOKS AND PHOMOTERS 



^ 



/^ 



J. B. DUFFIELD 



Breeding stock from their hcrtls was in 
great demand and it may be said, with- 
out fear of contracUction, that they fur- 
nislied more herd boar material than did 
any other one or two herds in their time. 
They developed the Tecumseh family 
that has proven the foundation rock of 
the Poland China breed. 

James B. Duffiei.d, Somerville, Ohio, 
was a hale fellow, well met man, very 
large in statue and rather grufif. Unable 
to read or write, yet was said to be the 
smartest uneducated man of his day. A 
smooth tradei", always keeping his clients 
on the anxious seat before a deal could 
be consummated. His herd was noted 
for size, and many of the hogs of that day 
were from his herd. Tom Corwin 2d, one 
of the "pillars" of the Poland China 
breed, was bred by DufTield. Those who knew him well, vouch for his 
great love for chewing tobacco and excellent red whiskies. 

J. W. WiLMAMS, Bryant, Ind., began the raising of Poland Chinas in 
1864. In December, 1864, just after his honorable discharge from the 
army, he purchased from Robert Riggs, Butler county, Ohio, three sows 
and a boar. The boar was named Black Bob, and one of the sows Black 
Maud. From this mating he secured a litter of ten pigs, that were 
exhibited during the fall of 1865 at six of the leading county and district 
shows, winning the highest premiums offered. Perhaps no other 
breeder of Poland Chinas living can boast of over fiftj^-five years of 
continuous exhibiting at the big shows of the country. Such has been the 
remarkable career of "Uncle John" Williams, as he lovingly has been 
called. Among the great boars used in his 
herd were Alex 1, Tom Corwin 1137, World 
Beater 1213 O, U. S. 1195, Give or Take 
1585 O, King Butler, son of King Butler, 
known as Butler's Darkness, and King Te- 
cumseh 1 1793 A. King Tecumseh was used 
in the herd several years, then sold to 
Marsh & Close, Jesup, Iowa, at a long price. 
A son was retained, known as Chief Te- 
cumseh 10815 A, afterwards selling to H. O. 
Correll, Mechanicsburg, 111., and shown at 
the Iowa State fair in 1889, winning first in 
class. The boar was then sold to W. A. 
Jones, Van Meter, Iowa, where he received 
the official name of Chief Tecumseh, and 
was the sire of the renowned Chief Tecum- 
seh 2d. In later years the great boar, Ciant 
Buster 240657, "The Epoch Maker," was de- 
veloped and used in this herd, and many 
great breeding sons of this boar were dis- j ^^ Williams 




10 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINlv 



tributed over the entire United States. Mr. Williams was born in Jay 
county, Indiana, in 1845, and has lived in this county all liis life. He 
was one of the early members of the Ohio Poland China Record, but 
recorded some in the American and Central Records. Later, when the 
Ohio and Central were consolidated, 
known as the National Poland China 
Record company, he was for many years 
one of the directors. In speaking of 
some of the Record associations' early 
problems, he says that the directors had 
their hands full for several years to main- 
tain a clean and up-to-date record, due 
to a very rapidly increasing number of 
breeders, and an over-anxiousness on the 
part of some to record pedigrees other 
than were eligible and correct. 
j£- ^S^^^m D.wiD Finch, Oxford, Ohio, was one of 

^^^^||j|HjiktU'-*^£^|^^^H those slow, apologetic, keen thinking 
v^^^^W m^^^^^^^m stockmen to 

^^^^K ^^^^^^^^^H crowds or to speak unless asked a ques- 
I^^^V ^HHHim ^*^t h^ stands one of the great- 

est breeders in his dav- His herd was an 
DAV.D F.NCH outstanding sow herd.'He had those large, 

smooth sows, very prolific, that were sought for by the leading show- 
men. Several of the leading strains of his day originated in his herd, 
and without question the leading show sows carried the blood of his 
great herd boars. 




CHAPTER 



Naming the Breed 



1 HE general accepted name for the new breed was Warren county 
hog. In the early sixties the names of "Poland" and "Big China" were 
being used almost as frequently as that of Warren county hog. Magie 
Hog was also used by many, and D. M. Magic made a strenuous fight to 
sustain his claim as originator of the breed. Those using the names of 
"Poland" and "Big China" claimed their hogs were a combination of 
Poland and China blood. This led many to believe that a new hog had 
been imported from Poland and crossed on the Warren county hog. 
More or less investigation followed and no satisfactory evidence seemed 
to support the claim. Evidence was secured, however, to show that in 




Mollis Pike 220334 
by Big Chief Defender 93293. Dam of Passpor 
mUoN. An ExceUent Producing Sow 



one neighborhood an individual used the word Poland to designate the 
progeny of a particular animal that had been obtained from a farmer, 
Asher Asher, who was a Polander by birth and resided in Butler county. 

In November, 1872, at the National Swine Breeders convention held 
at Indianapolis, Ind., a special committee which had been appointed at 
a previous meeting, to investigate the origin of the breed, made a report 
whicli was accepted. In this report no recognition was given to the 
inlluence of the Poland blood, but the committee recommended that "in 
view of the diflicultics in making the change in the name of any breed 
that the name of Poland-China be recognized as the accepted name of 
said breed." 

In the early publications the hyphen in Poland-China was used, but 
in late years this has been dropped and the word Poland China stands 
as tiic embodiment of perfection in swine husbandry. 



CHAPTKIl IV 



The FiKST Pedigree and the Record Associations 

Between the years of 1872 and 1877 there developed a practice 
among the farmers of Ohio of issuing a yearly private history of their 
farms, in particuhir of their livestock. Carl Freigau, a young man of 
unusual ability, while working at the 
printer's trade and as an artist, con- 
ceived the idea that a book of these 
various herds or farm histories com- 
bined, well illustrated, might be sold 
at a profit to the publisher and editor. 
So strongly did this appeal to him that 
he started out on horseback, visiting 
the numerous farms in the Miami Val- 
ley and jotting down facts most inter- 
esting for his dreamed-of publication. 
It was while in this work that he 
caught the vision of making his pub- 
lication entirely of the history of the 
Poland China hog. Inflamed by 
Freigau's contagious enthusiasm and 
backed by the ready support of the 
breed's promoters, various small gath- 
erings were held and the publication's 
It was in the home of W. C. Hankinson, 
Blue Ball, Warren county, Ohio, that Freigau had called a gathering of 
breeders, among whom were W. C. Hankinson, J. B. Duffield, Robert 
Oxtoby, John Milliken and James Marshall, to make further plans. This 
occasion hap|)ened in the month of September, 1876. Fregiau laid be- 
fore them his first pedigree, which read as follows: 

'"Lady Pugh,* white, was one of the finest sows in Warren county, 
Ohio, farrowed in July, 1865. Bred by J. B. Pugh, Franklin, Warren 
county. Ohio; sold to W. C. Hankinson, Blue Ball, Warren county, Ohio, 
in the fall of 1868; owned by him until she died, August 29, 1876.' " 

.\fter sufficient data had been procured by Freigau, the puuHcation 
of the book was made, but it did not meet the ready sale that he had 
hoped, incurring a great expense which he did not feel capable of 
iiandling, so (juietly slipped out of sight, leaving the book, expense and 
all upon the publisher, M. J. Lawrence. Being very much interested in 
the contents of the new i)ubIication, Mr. Lawrence (juickly planned an 
extensive educational campaign through his farm paper, known as 
the Ohio Farmer, interesting the Poland Ciiina breeders, and later helped 
organize the Ohio Poland China Record association, using the Freigau 




contents di.scussed at length 



THE FIRST PEDIGREE AND THE RECORD ASSOCIATIONS 




Home of W.T". Hankinson, Blue BaLl,' Warren Coiintt, Ohio 
Where the First Poland China Pedigree Was Written. August, ISIU 

book as Volume 1 of the new record. The book was a complete record 
of the historical facts of the breed, and with the co-operation of all the 
breeders within the state, the organization started off with a rush. All 
animals accepted for record from then on had to trace directly to ani- 
mals recorded in Volume 1. 

After the elapse of about five years Freigau came back, mysteriously 
as he had gone, and because of his unusual ability along pedigree lines, 
he was made secretary of the organization, and under his directions the 
Record prospered. 

In January, 1878, breeders from six or seven of the middle western 
states met at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and organized the American Poland 
China Record association. In the latter part of 1879 John Gilmore, Vin- 
ton, Iowa, was appointed secretary to fill a vacancy. He continued to 
hold the office for a little over eleven years. He may be rightly termed 
"the father of the American Record." He was a Scotchman who main- 
tained one of the prominent Iowa herds of Poland Chinas for a great 
many years, exhibiting with considerable success. He was a man who 
had many warm admirers, but was not what is known as a "mixer." 
Those closely connected with him in the record gave him staunch and 
loyal support, and the growth of the rec- 
ord beginning with Volume 5, and end- 
ing with Volume 11, was really a sensa- 
tion. In those days no produce records 
were kept, no certificates of registry were 
issued, and all pedigrees were retained 
in the office for a year until a required 
number were in hand to issue a volume. 
Then all the pedigrees were arranged al- 
phabetically and numbered. 

In January, 1891, W. M. McFadden, 
then of West Liberty, Iowa, was elected 
secretary of the American Poland China 
Record, to succeed Mr. Gilmore. The 
American Record is now the largest Po- 
land China Record, and Mr. McFadden 
has been its secretary since 1891. They 
have kept abreast of the times, taking 
more than a passing interest in the pro- 




14 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



motion of the breed, subscribing to the leading shows, and were the pro- 
moters of the great futurity shows that have done more to buiUl up the 
breed than any other single factor. A view herd owned by the Record 
association was shipped through the South and West in 1915, that 
changed the entire populace of the visited country into Poland China 
enthusiasts. This was followed up with sales of bred sows, gilts and 
young boars, under the ownership and direction of the Record associa- 
tion, and today many of the men who made tlieir first purchases in one 
of these sales, are counted among the foremost breeders of the breed. 
The association office was moved to Chicago in 1903. 

The receipts for the year 1919 were $79,919.55, of which $60,032.50 
was for recording fees. For 1920, receipts $110,292.59, of which -$88,110 
was for recording fees. 

The Standard Poland China Record association was organized in 
1885, but did not secure their charter until 1887. Back of the Standard 
existed an association known as the Northwest Missouri Poland China 
Breeders' association, organized in 1884. The object of the organization, 
it was declared, was for mutual benefits in the breeding and rearing of 
Poland China swine. 

Article 9 of the association reads as follows: "Every member of this 
association shall be a breeder of fine-bred Poland China hogs, either 
recorded or eligible to record in the American, Ohio, or Central Poland 
China Records." 

On December 10, 1885, Ira K. Alderman of Maryville, Mo., suggested 
the idea of organizing a new Poland China record for the reason that 
western breeders were constantly annoyed with the burden of buying 
three or four sets of records in order to trace their pedigrees of their 
herds intelligently. His plans were readily accepted by the members 
of the organization, and by February, 1886, the Standard Poland China 
Record association had been fully organized and began to receive pedi- 




R^x:onD .\! 
c,„uol Con 



THE FIRST PEDIGREE AND THE RECORD ASSOCIATIONS 15 

grees. The first volume was published in 1887 and contained over 3000 
pedigrees, many of which were the re-recording of foundation animals 
from the American, Ohio and Central Records. This new feature was 
heartily received by Poland China breeders everywhere, as they were 
able to trace the history of their hogs directly to foundation stock with- 
out the use of other record volumes. Mr. Alderman served as secretary 
for six years and was succeeded by Geo. F. Woodworth, who rendered 
very efficient services for over twenty years. He was succeeded in 1915 
by Ray Davis, then of Lincoln, Nebr. It was during this administration 
that an effort was made to consolidate the three existing Poland China 
Records, a movement which was backed by the leading breeders of the 
entire fraternity. The consolidation lost through legal maneuvers, insti- 
gated by certain members of the Standard Record, who for personal and 
selfish interests could not see the culmination of the three record mem- 
berships into a great Record, behind a great breed. A handsome new 
home office building was built under the direction of Secretary Davis, 
costing the Record over 1*16,000. The building is fire proof and will 
accommodate the use of the Record for many years. F. L. Garrett suc- 
ceeded Mr. Davis in 1917. The receipts for the year 1919 were $29,923, 
of this $23,242.80 was for recording. In 1920 total receipts were 
$43,486.50, of which $35,226.85 was for recording. 

The Central Poland China Record association was organized in Feb- 
ruary, 1880, at Indianapolis, Ind., publishing its first volume the same 
year. In 1905 the Central and Ohio records were consolidated into one 
record, known as the National Poland China Record, incorporated in 
Ohio, and the office located at Winchester, Ind. A. M. Rrown, Winches- 
ter, Ind.. has been its secretary since the new organization. In the point 
of business the National ranked third among the Records. Their funds 
have been too low to give very liberally to breed promotion, but in re- 
cent years they have carried on sales and advertising campaigns that 
have been of invaluable aid. During the consolidation campaign in 
1916, the Record organized the National Poland China Journal, a period- 
ical in behalf of the breed, but used at that time to help defeat consoli- 
dation. The Record association less than two years later re-incorporated 
as a corporation not for profit, issuing non-transferable life member- 
ships. The receipts for the year 1919 were $19,338.69; of this $14,051.50 
was for recording; in 1920 total receipts were $20,236.03; of this 
$15,261.50 was for recording. 

The Northwestern Poland China Swine association was organized at 
Washington, Kan., in 1881. and about nine years later was consolidated 
with the Standard Poland China Record, Maryville, Mo. 

The Southwestern Poland China Record association organized at Rip- 
ley, Tenn., in 1896, and fifteen years later was consolidated with the 
American Poland China Record. 



CHAPTER V 

Foundation Material 

A.S STATED previously the first pedigree written was in 1876 and for 
a sow known as Lady Pugh. Other outstanding sows and boars in the 
prominent herds of the Miami Valley were given pedigrees, published 
in the Ohio Record Volume 1, which have served as the foundation of 
the breed, with the possible exception of the foundation stock recorded 
in the first five volumes of the American Poland China Record, and the 
first few volumes of the Central Poland China Record. 

The Old Harkrader sow, dam of Lady Pugh, may rightly be called 
the "mother" of the Poland China breed. She was recorded in Volume 
L of the Ohio Record as follows: "OLD HARKRADER SOW,— White, 
the second choice out of a lot of twenty-two pigs, sold at John Hark- 




Bi.ACK Beauty 10th, 1242A 
irtiier Secretary A. P. R. C. A. This Sow 
CO Litters, and Wcighcil Over mii Pounds 



Raised Twenty 



rader's, Springboro, Ohio, sale in February, 1862, being sold to J. R. 
Pugh, Franklin, Warren county, Ohio, and marketed in the fall of 1865." 
No sire or dam given. A large majority of the pedigrees trace directly 
to this grand old sow, a remarkable statement, but well founded. 

The pedigree of Lady* Pugh, after the organization of the Ohio 
Record, was completed to show a sire and a dam. This reveals to us 
more of the great part played by John Harkrader in the foundation of 
the breed, especially his constructive matings. The dam of Lady Pugh 
was the Old Harkrader sow, and her sire was Young Rob recorded as 621 
Ohio and 13 Central, farrowed in 1864, white with a few black spots; 
good quality. Bred by J. B. Pugli. Young Bob's sire was Bob Harkrader, 
recorded as 77 Ohio, and 1 Central. He was sold in the same sale as the 
Old Harkrader sow, going to Robert Cook, Franklin, Ohio. 



FOUNDATION MATERIAL 17 

In looking over the many pedigrees published in the first volumes of 
the three early records, one would read from many of them the follow- 
ing information : 

Finch's Premium Sow, 306 O, farrowed about 1870, black; very fine 
style, noted show animal; won fourteen premiums in Ohio and Indiana 
fairs. Bred by David Finch, Oxford, Ohio. 

Crop Eared Sow, 190, farrowed in 1871 or 1872, black with some white 
spots. Bred and owned by David Finch, Oxford, Ohio. Got by Old 
Bill 405 O; dam. Finch's Premium Sow 306 O. 

Shaker Sow D, 892 O, farrowed in 1870. Bred by the Shakers, Union 
Village, Ohio; sold to L. D. Doly, Middletown, Ohio, in fall of 1871. Got 
by Shaker's Lame Hog, 519; dam. Gate Lifter, 308, by Uncle Sam 579, 
out of White Bess 1000. Note: Uncle Sam 579 was farrowed in 1862, 
bred by D. M. Magie, according to the Ohio Record, and by David Finch, 




JOHN III A F-ULI.. BUOOD MA.GII:. BOAR 

AgtlBmoutlis OTned ftod rmlMd by D M Uagle Oxfoid BotlorCODDt; Ob o 

\ote Pcd (J ec of Queen Uufdeld 8»v m Chaptei Foundation Mateital 

according to the Central Poland China Record. White Bess was far- 
rowed about 1861, color pure white, and bred by John Harkrader. 

Queen Dufkield 804 (no date of farrow). Excellent breeder, was 
kept for brood sow ten years; owned by James B. Duffield, Somerville, 
Ohio. Got by John 3rd, 311; dam, a sow owned by A. Young, sired by 
John 1st. 

Irwin's Sweepstakes, 137 A, 281 O, 253 C, 96 S (Alias Old Sweep- 
stakes), farrowed March 1867, color dark with some white spots. Head 
and ears line, back broad and straight; hams large, deep and full; 
shoulders broad and deep; neck short and arched; bone large, legs 
short; body large, deep hair rather coarse. Prizes: first in class and 
sweepstakes in fall of 1869 at St. Louis; first in class at the National Hog 
Show, Chicago; sweepstakes at State and Coles county fairs, and with 
Lady Irwin, Black Bess, S & A's Currency, sweepstakes at Illinois State 
fair for best boar and three sows, any age or breed, in 1871. Weight 
1086 pounds, bred by John Irwin, Darrtown, Ohio, sold to J. J. O'Fallon, 



18 HISTOHY OF POLAND- CHINA SWINE 

St. Louis, Mo., resold to Shcppard & Alexander, Charleston, III., resold 
to John Ferris, Charleston, 111. Killed by a kick from a horse in fall 
of 187G. 

Morton Meyers, farrowed about 1865, color light spotted; large, 
active; noble-looking animal; bred by Jacob Meyers, Wayne county, In- 
diana. Sold to Captain Butts, in Missouri, postoffice address unknown. 
Sire and dam unknown. 

Old Alex 403 O, farrowed 1864. Black, a Httle white; long body; 
short legs, tine bone; full quarters; good head and ear; a fine show hog 
and a prize winner. Bred by Alex Young and J. B. Duffield, Somerville, 
Ohio, sokl to Janus Williams, Butler county, Ohio, resold to A. C. 
Moore, Canton, 111., who named him King Moore. 

Eighty Dollar Pig 187 O, farrowed . White, few black 

spots; deep sides. Bred by T. J. Conover, Monroe, Ohio, sold in 1866 
to John Otto, Canton, 111., resold December 15, 1868, to Samuel Hinkley, 
same place. Took first in class and sweepstakes at Butler county, Ohio, 
fair in fall of 1868. His litter weighed 2,535 pounds same time. Got 
by Conover Hog 135, dam Lady Hess. 

Zack 310. (alias Gallaspie Hog) farrowed 1867. Dark spotted to 
black; very growthy. Bred by Wm. Gallaspie, Red Lion, Ohio. Sired by 
a hog bred by Harvey Gallagher, Red Lion, Ohio. Weight 940 pounds 
at the St. Louis fair, in 1869. 

Any number of such pedigrees could be reprinted, but these herewith 
given will establish a working knowledge for the reader, regarding the 
types, color marking, weights, conformation and breeding. There has 
always been some dispute between the secretaries of the early records 
as to correctness of certain individual pedigrees, but none of these weigh 
materially when the information secured to make each pedigree was 
dependent upon the memory of persons who had never dreamed of such 
information being worth the keeping of a record. 

It will be noted that Zack 310 and Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 A are 
the two "Foundation" boars referred to in the Chapter "Foundation 
Boars." There is no doubt but that these two boars in competition at 
the great fair in St. Louis, 1869, attracted suflicient attention to warrant 
Carl Freigau in making further study for the record which he later 
caused to be published. To those who were of the belief that the breed 
was of a small, fine variety, the weights as given in the pedigree of these 
two boars will correct such an impression. 



CHAPTER VI 



Prominent Boars Up to 1890 

rSOARS became prominent in the early days much the same as they 
do today. Exhibiting at the leading shows, not only a good boar, but a 
great line-up of his get, helped to put the boar and his product much 
in demand. Breeders, who could be termed as natural born advertising 
agencies, put their hogs up where they were sought for by those desiring 
unusual publicity. Then there were boars whose influence seemed to 
radiate out over the entire country, and were not termed great until 
after the boar was dead. The combination of all played a most impor- 
tant part in breed building, appreciated largely by those who have wit- 
nessed the stability and growth of the 
breed in the past forty years. 

To briefly mention a few of the boars, 
whose influence predominated up to 
1890, we think, would not come amiss. 

Butler 93 O, farrowed spring, 1874; 
color black; bred by David Finch, Ox- 
ford, Ohio; sold to W. W. Greer, Oxford, 
Ohio; resold to Mr. Allbridge, of Iowa; 
resold to W. W. Greer; resold to E. & J. 
M. Klever, Bloomingburg, Ohio, and to 
M. L. Klever, Cross Roads, Ohio. Got by 
Royal Finch, by Combs Hog; dam. Grand 
Pig of Crop Ear by Alex No. 1 0. P. C. R. 
A. (tracing on both sides to Irwin Sweep- 
stakes). 

World Beater 1213, farrowed spring, 
1876; black with feet sandy white; head 
short and dished; ear fine; neck short 
and deep; back extra; side and hams 
deep; constitution excellent, limbs short 
and tapering; hair curly; a good breeder. Bred by W. C. Hankinson, 
Blue Ball, Ohio; sold in dam to A. F. Aufrance, Maud Station, Ohio, 
1875; sold to D. M. Magie & Company, October, 1877; died December 5, 
1878. Got by Beecher 15 O, by Tom Corwin 571 ; dam, Pig of Dolly Dot, 
by Perfection, tracing directly to the Old Harkrader sow, and to Zack. 

Also note that this is the first boar whose pedigree indicates he was 
sold in dam. World Beater was the greatest boar ever used in the Magie 
herd. As a breeding boar we are told there have been but few that have 
ever been his equal. 

General Hayes 507 C, farrowed in 1876. Bred by W. W. Greer, Ox- 
ford, Ohio. Got by Butler 93 O; dam, Finch's Black Bess 220 C, by Black 




W. Z. Swallow, Booneville, Iowa 
Forty-nine Years an Exhibitor Iowa 
State Fair. At One Time Otcner of 



20 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWIXE 



Joe 77 C, tracing directly to tiic Old Harkrader Sow. (leneral Hayes, 
while not a famous breeding hoar, becanie tiie center of some discus- 
sion by the breed's opponents, their cliargc being that he was not ihe 
sire of Star of the West 535 C, but that a Berkshire boar was used; thus 
the black color was imparted to the Poland China breed. This state- 
ment is repudiated in the foregoing pedigrees. Of course it would be 
logical to presume that from the many valuable points of the Berkshire, 
that only color would be transmitted and not any of the slow to matur- 
ity, stiff ears, etc. 

Star of the West 535. C, farrowed March, 1877; black with white 
points; extra fine head and very good hams; ear good; back fine; fair 
jowl; neck a little long; short legged; good heart girth. Bred by Alex 
Young, Somerville, Ohio; sold to W. W. Greer, Oxford, Ohio; resold to 
James Mustard, Broad Ripple, Ind. Got by General Hayes 507 C; dam, 
Young Dolly by Black Curry. 

TcM CoRwiN 2d 2037 0, farrowed April, 1878. Pigs in litter 8; boars 
3, sows 5. Dark with white feet. Mould fine, broad back, heavy hams, 
a great prize winner. Bred by J. B. Duffield, Somerville, Ohio. Got by 
Star of the West 535 C; dam, Lady Duirield 5866 C, by Tom Corwiii 
405 C, by Boyd's Hog, and tracing to the Old Harkrader sow. 

Tom Corwin 2nd was the most noted boar of his day. In a later 
chapter we shall refer to him as one of the pillars of the Poland China 
breed development. He was the sire of more valuable herd boars and 
brood sows, that made breed history, than any boar of his time. At ten 
years of age he was still in active service. The Corwin family were 
noted for their great vigor, thick hides and heavy bone. 

Give or Take 1677 C, farrowed March 5, 1880. Black; very fine head 
and ears drooping and small; back straight and broad; ham extra; 
shoulder good. A prize winner. Bred by C. C. Walker, New Madison, 
Ohio; sold to J. B. DuHield, Somerville, Ohio; sold -to M. M. Slaughter, 
South Charleston. Ohio; resold to Duffield & Shallenberger, and resold 




ll:st.i- Fvum in- the 'SO's 
:yiinitiiiii iiihl Color Markings 



PROMINENT BOARS UP TO 1890 



lit the age of" two years to James Mustard, Broad Ripple, Ind. Got by 
Tom Corwin 2nd 2037 O; dam. Duchess 3d, by World Beater. 

No other boar has impressed the work! with his name like Give or 
Take. A controversy arose as to the breeder of the litter. Some said 
that Walker wittingly mated the Duchess 3rd to Tom Corwin 2nd, with- 
out J. B. DufField's knowledge, and was unable to record the litter with- 
out a breeding certificate. This, DuUield refused to give unless Walker 
gave him the choice pig. This particular pig was outstanding and was 
the prize for which Walker had used the above methods to procure, and 
he tried to settle on other terms, but Duffield refused. Give or Take 
was originally recorded in the Central Poland China Record, by the 
name of Lord Corwin 945. In the Ohio Record he was first recorded in 
Volume 3 under No. 1585, then re-recorded in Volume 4 as No. 2515, 
with the following footnote: "The executive committee reports that it 
is at present not settled between Messrs. Duffield and Walker who of 
the two gentlemen really is the breeder 
of Give or Take." 

In the errata. Volume 5, of the Ohio 
Record, page 817, appears corrected date 
of farrow which is still adhered to. In 
Volume 6, of the Ohio Record, page 532, 
in the errata appears the following: 
"Give or Take 1585 pedigree should read 
by C. C. Walker, not Duffield and Walk- 
er, consented by James B. Duffield." The 
following extract from a letter of James 
Mustard, Broad Ripple, Ind., states: 
"My information is that Give or Take 
was bred by Duffield and Walker, that is, 
Duffield owned the sire and Walker the 
dam. They had an agreement, as I un- 
derstand, that he should have a half in- 
terest in this pig. After the pig grew up, 
there was an effort between the two men 
for a sale of the interest of the one to the 
other. Not being able to agree as which 
should be the purchaser, a proposition 
was made that one should set a price at which he would give or take. 
This was done by Walker, and Duffield accepted the proposition." 

U. S. 779 A, farrowed March 15, 1879; litter 8, boars 3, sows 5; black, 
with a few small white markings. Small white spot on front of right 
hip, and few small white spots on left side. Short, fine head and ear, 
good jowl, fine short limbs, good feet, medium growth. Bred by Henry 
Stibbens, Oxford, Ohio; sold to C. W. Jones, Richland, Mich., August 
1, 1879. Got by World Beater; dam, Bess Stibbens by Royal Finch. 

U. S. was one of the real outstanding boars of the famous old World 
Beater, and distinguished himself as the sire of Tecumseh 4339 O. 

Success 1999 O, farrowed February 28, 1880; litter 7. Black, fine 
straight hair, broad back, extra hams, good length; short, strong legs; 
prize winner. Bred by Duffield & Shellenberger, Somerville, Ohio; sold 
to E. & J. M. Klever, Bloomingburg, Ohio, July 26, 1880. Got by Tom 




.'SON. 



vDicoTT, Neb. 
;ars a Breeder and Shoic 
5/ Exjmnsion .iTB.i;. In Hi. 
rsf rsed I he Words ■Br 
Types" 



22 IlISTOIiY OF POLAND CHINA SWINT, 

Corw-in 2nd; dam, Cora Shellenberger by Tom Corwin. A remarkable 
sire and show boar. 

Tecum SEH 4339 O, farrowed March. 1882; litter 8; black, lengthy, 
broad back, heavy hams, deep sides, good limbs and feet. Bred by Duf- 
field & Folk, Sonicrvillc, Ohio; sold to M. L. Klever, Cross Roads, Ohio, 
July, 1882; sold to J. W. Coffman & Bros., Danvcrs, 111.; sold to E. & J. 
M. klever, Bloomingburg. Ohio, and killed by another boar in 1886. Got 
by U. S. 779 A; dam. Beauty 2558 O, by Tom Corwin 2nd, tracing back 
to the Old Harkrader sow. 

Tecumseh is the foundation of the Tecumseh family, whose influ- 
ence has meant as much if not more than any other family. Ed Klever 
' once said that old Tecumseh sired more herd boars of real fame than 
all the boars used in his herd. 

King Tecumseh 11793 A, farrowed October 24, 1885; litter 11; black 
with white spots on side, white nose. Bred by Ed Klever, Bloomingburg, 
Ohio; sold to J. W. Williams, Bryant, Ind.,"july 15, 1886. Got by Te- 
cumseh 4339 O; dam. Greenwood 1 X L, by Success 1999 O. 

King Tecumseh 11793 A, 11959 O was one of the greatest, if not the 
greatest, son of Tecumseh 4339. He stood out prominently in his day, 
and many of the leading boars as well as sows of that day were by him. 

Black U. S. 18345 A, 13471 O, farrowed March 1, 1887; litter 9; black, 
with white points. Bred by John Salmon & Co., Sedalia, Ohio; sold to 
Perry Hatfield, Centerville, Ohio, August 18, 1887; sold to W. Z. Swallow, 
Booneville, Iowa. Got by Success 1999 O; dam. Early Rose 8082 O, by 
U. S. 779 A. 

A remarkable animal with a pedigree tracing directly to the Old 
Harkrader sow. His influence radiated out over a vast territory, and 
gave unusual satisfaction. It has been said that he was the only real 
contemporary of Chief Tecumseh 2nd, and credited as having come from 
the greatest sow producing family as Chief Tecumseh 2nd, was from 
the boar family. 

Chief Tecumseh 10815 A, farrowed October 14, 1888; litter 11; black, 
white points. Bred by Daniel Armintrout, Bryant, Ind.; sold to J. W. 
Williams & Co., Bryant, Ind.; resold to H. O. Correll, Mechanicsburg, 
111. Got by King Tecumseh 11793 A; dam, Daisy 35074 O, by Friendship. 

Chief Tecumseh was shown as a pig by Correll & Coffman, at the 




TECUMSEH. I.3i$. ■ K-. ^t^.: ^A'ii^S^ 

mi)tn E.AJ.M. KLEVER. Bloom! n_(}burj}, Fayette Co., 0. 



PROMINENT BOARS UP TO 1890 23 

Iowa State fair in 1889. He won first in class and was sold to W. \. 
Jones, Van Meter, Iowa. It was Jones who gave him the name of Chief 
Tecumseh. Only one crop of pigs was ever sired by him, but that crop 
contained more real herd boars and history makers than several hun- 
dred ordinary crops. The famous pig. Chief Tecumseh 2nd, that later 
played so important a part in the breed's history, being one of the "pil- 
lars," was one of the pigs in this "only" crop. 

Free Trade 15729, farrowed April 27, 1889; litter 13; black. Bred by 
D. F. Risk, Weston, Mo. Sold to C. A. Marsh, Jesup, Iowa, fall of 1890. 
Got by Royalty 6469, by D's Look No Further 4407, he by Look No Fur- 
ther 4005 A; dam. Lady Corwin 2nd 3832, by Grover Cleveland 4529; 
second dam by Tom Corwin 2nd 2037. 

Free Trade was a nationally known boar. No one knew much about 
the boar until Risk appeared on the Iowa State fair grounds the fall of 
1890, and won grand championship in a walk-away. Authorities say 
the boar was the best fitted yearling ever exhibited at the Iowa fair, up 




to that time, and was really a sensation. At this fair, or shortly after, 
he was sold to C. A. Marsh, Jesup, Iowa, for •'F200, considered then an 
extra long price. Marsh was a man who really accomplished some big 
things with the breed. The boar was fitted and brought out as a two 
year old weighing over 800 pounds, and was again a winner. He after- 
wards was exhibited at the Nebraska State fair and was defeated by a 
younger boar known as Short Stop. Free Trade is royally bi-ed, tracing 
directly to Tom Corwin 2nd and the Old Harkrader sow. 

Geo. Wilkes 14487, farrowed April 28, 1888; litter 6. Bred by L. W. 
Hamilton, Sandusky, Ind. Sold to J. E. Bebout, Rushville, Ind., Octo- 
ber. 1889; resold to Cantrall & Garrett, Waynesville, 111., September 30, 
1891. Got by King Tecumseh 11793, by Tecumseh 4339; dam, Whitefacc 
55238, by Fred Douglas 9001. 

Geo. Wilkes was one of the most remarkable boars of his day. He 
was the chief herd boar in the Bebout herd, costing $625, and was sold 
in the Bebout dispersion sale to Cantrall & Garrett for $750. Probably 
the first attempt to make real advertising vahu- out of the price paid 
was with this boar. Si.\ hundred and twenty-five dollars was consider- 
ably above the average, and was vigorously criticised by breeders as 
well as publications catering to Poland China advertising. The boar 
lived but a short time in the herd of Cantrall & Garrett. 



CHAPTER VU 

Prominent Boars Between 1890 and 1900 

While: the breed had a great impetus during the years up to 1890, the 
years following were equally as important and in some ways far ex- 
celled. The great number of outstanding boars became less, due to the 
clamoring for sons of the few outstanding boars. Many of these lesser 
important boars, as far as history is concerned, were even greater as 
producers than some of the more renowned. 

At least three very remarkable boars were produced during this time. 
They became great as real producers, and their influence radiates even 
to this day. 

Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579, farrowed June 18, 1890; litter, 9; black 
with white points. Bred by W. A. Jones, Van Meter, Iowa; sold one-half 
interest to E. H. Andrews, Kearney, Neb., April 1, 1893; Andrews' in- 
terest sold to T. R. Wilson, Morning Sun, Iowa, December 3, 1895. Got 
by Chief Tecumseh 10815, by King Tecumseh 11793, by Tecumseh 4339; 
dam, Gilmore's Slick 10536, by King Butler. 

No other boar nationally carried the attention of the swine public 
as did Chief Tecumseh 2d. As a pig he attracted no unusual attention, 
and even many could not agree with Judge Luse when he placed the pig 
first in class at the Iowa State fair in 1891. But Judge Luse and W. A. 
Jones had great faith in the pig, and Jones was untiring in his efforts 
to prove his judgment. 

As a two year old Chief Tecumseh 2d was brought to the State fair 
in the pink of show condition, and with his great size, stylishness, and 
snap, he more than convinced the public that he was an unusual product. 
Mr. Jones had also brought along what seemed a barn full of pigs, sired 
by Chief Tecumseh 2d, and breeders today who witnessed this great 
show, remember vividly the impression gained in this great demonstra- 
tion. Chief Tecumseh 2d was an easy winner in his class, but was 
turned down for a championship, being defeated by a younger boar, Guy 
Wilkes 2d 17777. Mr. Jones took the boar and many of the pigs io 
Nebraska State fair, and was winner of first and sweepstakes. Later in 
the season the boar was shown at the Illinois State fair, held that year 
at Peoria. The boar had lost a great deal of his bloom, and was defeated 
in class by an Indiana boar, known as Victor M, shown by Lloyd Mugg. 
A one-half interest in Chief Tecumseh 2d was sold by Jones to £. H. 
Andrews, Kearney. Nebr., April 1, 1893; it was while in the Andrews 
herd that Chief Perfection was farrowed. On December 3, 1895, An- 
drews sold his one-half interest to T. R. Wilson for •'t;750, Wilson having 
coined the idea of selling sows bred to a noted boar in public auction, 
and really wanted Chief Tecumseh 2d, the most noted boar of his day. 
to carry out his scheme. (See Chapter — Auction Sales and Their Be- 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1890 AND 1900 25 

ginning.) No better breeding could be assembled than was used in the 
production of Chief Tecuniseh 2d. The Tecumsehs were outstandingly 
the greatest boar family of that time, and Gilmore Slick, by King Butler, 
carried the best blood from the herds of David Finch and W. W. Greer. 
In the chapter "Foundation Boars," we refer to this boar as one of the 
"pillars" of the breed. 

It would be impossible to tell about all the great sons of this noted 
boar, but to mention a few that have bred on like their sire would not 
be amiss. Chief Perfection, owned by Jones & Gossick; L.'s Tecumseh, 
owned by A. J. Lytle; Chief Tecumseh 3d, owned by Harvey Johnson, 
and Big Tecumseh 2d, owned by S. E. Shellenberger. Peter Mouw 
purchased two sons, one being the grandsire of Chief Price, father of 
the Big Types. Sows crossed well with Chief Tecumseh 2d and many 
daughters of this great boar were as outstanding as the sons. Sunshine 
83200, bred by E. H. Andrews, was considered by many as the greatest 
sow of her day. T. J. Harris, West Liberty, Iowa, bought two litter sis- 
ters that he named Tempest and Sunshine, each one of them winning 
championship at the Iowa State fair in the warmest of competition. 

When Old Chief Tecumseh 2d died in 1899, his skin was removed 
and mounted, and for several years was on show in the offices of the 
Wallace Farmer, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Old Chief is dead. 

That great old hog. 

His fame has crossed the sea. 

At home his name 

A household word. 

His crown, "The King P. C." 

Thought proud old East 

She had the best 

0' this favored breed of swine, 

But bought his pigs 

At fancy price 

And worshipped at his shrine. 

He made for Jones 

A goodly sum. 

And fixed Ed. Andrews right; 

Then old T. R. 

He took a share 

Much to his own delight. 

The boys will say 

They have a pig 

That's going to equal Chief, 

But they well know 

You will not think 

It is their real belief. 

— American Swineherd, 1899. 
Chief Perfection 32199, farrowed December 18, 1893; litter 10. Bred 
by Lon Hamilton, Elm Creek, Nebr.; sold to E. H. Andrews, Kearney, 
Nebr., September 5, 1894; sold to Jones & Gossick, Fairfield, Iowa, Sep- 



2C 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



tembcr 6. 1894. Got by Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579; dam, Bessie Wilkes, 
by Guy Wilkes. 

While Chief Tecumseh 2d was still in the herd of E. H. Andrews 
he was mated to some very prominent sows, among which were a few 
Wilkes sows that proved to be exceptional breeders. One sow in par- 
ticular, Bessie Wilkes, farrowed a litter December 18, 1893, ten in the 
litter, but only two boars raised. Becords show this sow was sold to 
Lon Hamilton, who raised the litter and afterwards sold the pigs to An- 
drews. They were very choice pigs and were exhibited at the Iowa State 
fair in 1894, attracting unusual attention. One of the boars was sold to 
Chas. Jones and B. L. Gossick, Fairfield, Iowa. This particular boar, 
while the best individual, developed but one testicle. He was recorded 
as Chief Perfection 32199, and proved a sire extraordinary, being the 
sire of Chief Perfection 2d 42559, accredited as being the "father" of 
the Hot Bloods. 

Chief Perfection 2d 42559, farrowed October 16, 1896; litter, 5. Bred 
by B. L. Gossick, Fairfield, Iowa; sold to Hedges & Miller, Pana and 
Millersville, 111., June 10, 1897; sold to 
John Hedges & Son, Thos. Miller. T. B. 
Hart & H. O. Minnis, Pana, Millersville, 
Edenburg and Sharpsburg, 111., October 
4, 1897. Got by Chief Perfection 32199, 
by Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579; dam, 
Lady U. S. 2d 95282, by U. S. Chief 24609, 
by Black Chief. 

As a pig, this boar was sold to Hedges 
& Miller, Pana, 111., and was exhibited by 
them at the Illinois State fair in 1897, 
winning first in class. He attracted the 
attention of several other breeders who 
later purchased an interest in him. No 
other boar ever was owned by as many 
different owners at one time, or partner- 
ships, as Chief Perfection 2d. He was 
an outstanding breeding boar, and pro- 
duced as large, growthy oflfspring as any 
boar, but unfortunately, was the victim 
of a great craze for six white points by the breeders, and only the finer, 
smaller sons were kept for breeders. He also produced a few boars 
that, like their grandsire, had but one testicle. At one time the boar sold 
for over .'f40,000 in breeding privileges, twenty breeders buying an in- 
terest for !f2000 each. This happened while he was in the hands of Line 
Lukens, Disko, Ind. E. H. Ware, Douglas, 111., was part owner with Mr. 
Lukens. More herd boars by him were in service during his career 
than of any boar of the breed. This was due to two reasons: First, that 
his popularity made his get worth more to the breeders as advertising 
propositions; second, the greater number of men engaged in the breed- 
ing of Poland Chinas than previously. 

Those who were directly interested in the success of Chief Perfec- 
tion 2d and his get became too zealous in their efforts, and for a time 
had the swine business absolutely in their control, directing the winners 




Gossick, Fairfield. Iowa 
• of Chhl Perfection M .',.'.;. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1890 AND 1900 27 

at the shows, as well as what boars breeders should buy. This control 
was carried on for several years, and gradually lost its power with the 
influx of the so-called "cold bloods" in the West. (See chapter on Hot 
Bloods and Big Types.) 

Happy Medium 19913 A, farrowed March 19, 1890; Utter 9; black with 
white points. Bred by Hamilton & Beyer Bros., Warsaw, Ind.; sold to 
C. L. Lucas, Packerton, Ind., October 7, 1890; sold to D. C. Miller, Ver- 
miUion, S. D., February 17, 1891. Got by King Tecumseh 11793, by Te- 
cumseh 4339; dam, Whiteface 55238, by Fred Douglas 9001 O. 

Happy Medium attracted attention first, in being sold at a record 
price as a pig, and later selling at another record price to D. C. Miller. 
Miller was an exceptionally good advertiser, and lost no time in letting 
the entire world know that the highest-priced boar was in his herd. He 
did not try to make the boar all his herd, but purchased some of the 
greatest sows of the breed with which to mate the noted boar. At the 
dispersal sale of J. H. Bebout, Rushville, Ind. (originator of the pubhc 
sale system), he secured many of the best sows, among which were "Best 
of 1890" and "Courtney 3d," sows with national reputation. At the 
T. J. Harris sale in 1893 he purchased the first sow that ever sold for 
$500, Lambing's Choice, bred to Guy Wilkes 2d. His herd of sows 
was considered by many as being the best in the entire country. Miller 
pulled off many sensational stunts, both in buying and selling, the climax 
being in selling a son of Happy Medium, known as "Happy Union," to 
a syndicate for the sum of $4000. The name of the syndicate was "Happy 
Union Syndicate," and did not survive the collapse of the boom. 

Guy Wilkes 2d 17777 A, farrowed March 21, 1891; litter 14. Bred 
by J. H. Bebout, Rushville, Ind.; sold to G. W. McFadden & Son, West 
Liberty, Iowa, September 30, 1891. Got by Geo. Wilkes 14487; dam, 
Courtney 3d, by Adam (a litter brother to King Butler). 

Guy Wilkes 2d commanded a great deal of attention in the herd of 
McFadden & Son, the son being the present W. M. McFadden, secretary 
of the American Poland China Record. After George Wilkes died, 
George Cantrall, of Cantrall & Garrett, Waynesvillc, III., came to West 
Liberty, Iowa, and bought Guy Wilkes 2d at what was the most sen- 
sational price of the time, $950 cash. This proved a very successful pur- 
chase and Cantrall & Garrett were among the most prominent hog breed- 
ers in the business. Their herd was later dispersed and Guy Wilkes 2d 
was sold to John V. Cotta, a man who later became very much inter- 
ested in the affairs of Poland Chinas, especially during the days of the 
"Hot Bloods." Mr. Cantrall went into the newspaper business, as a "field 
man" and later into the office of the American Swineherd, as part owner. 
Hadley 19213, farrowed February 11, 1891; litter 9. Bred by Edgar 
Hadley, Wilmington, Ohio; sold to Ed Klevcr, Bloomingburg, Ohio, Au- 
gust 3, 1891. Got by One Price 18871, by Black U. S. 18345; dam. Black 
Dolly 59058, by Newsboy 12201 0. 

Hadley was without question the greatest son of the remarkable One 
Price. He was shown at the Chicago World's fair, 1893, by Ed Klever 
and was the popular favorite of the many hundreds of breeders who 
attended the fair for the grand championship. The three judge system 
was used at this fair and, for some reason or other, a hog of much smaller 
caliber was awarded the purple ribbon. Hadky was a boar of extreme 



28 



HISTOKY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



size and transmitted this great size to his get. Many of his sons came to 
the western states and were important breed builders. 

Hadi.ey Jr. 35063, farrowed March 12, 1894; litter 6. Bred by Klever, 
Hadley and Hendrick, Bloomingburg and Wilmington, Ohio; sold to 
Sunny Slope Farm, Emporia, Kan., July 8, 1894; resold to W. P. Good 
and H. M. Kirkpatrick, Lenexa and Waldo, Kan. Got by Hadley 19213, 
by One Price 18871; dam, Samboline 8th 63286, byTecumseh Chip 18869. 
Hadley Jr. was a boar of extreme size, carrying the blood of both 
One Price and old Tccumseh. He was developed in the Sunny Slope 
Farm herd of Emporia, Kan., and sold in their dispersion sale for $1000, 
going to the then well-known breeders. Good & Kirkpatrick. In their 
herd several bred sows were sold, and the get of this boar radiated over 
a wide territory, largely due to his tremendous size. 

Pebfect I Know 50871, farrowed October 2, 1896; litter 9. Bred by 
Risk & Gabbert, Weston, Mo.; sold to Clifton George, Lathrop, Mo., Feb- 
ruary 25, 1897; resold to W. N. Winn & Son, Kansas City, Mo., October 
14, 1897. Got by Chief I Know 33217, by Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579; 
dam. Black F 113992, by Dave Finch 20097. 

Perfect I Know carried a great deal of size combined with exceptional 
smoothness, and a great set of feet and legs. As a producer of sows he 
was counted as one of the leading boars. Winn & Son (later known as 
Frank D. Winn) paid $510 for this boar. He was shown at the Trans- 
Mississippi fair in Omaha, Nebr., 1898, winning grand championship 
over Chief Tecumseh 3d, owned by S. McKelvie, Fairfield, Nebr., and 
Harvey Johnson, Logan, Iowa. F. M. Lail was the judge. 

Lamplighter 73421, farrowed June 1, 1900; litter 10. Bred by E. E. 
Axline, Oak Grove, Mo.; sold in dam to W. N. Winn & Son, Kansas City, 
Mo.; resold to Winn & Mastin, Mastin, Kan., March 1, 1901. Got by Mo's 
Black Chief 49155, by Black Chief Rival 36277; dam, Nellie Chief 98060, 
by Chief 28333. Lamplighter, while listed as one of the medium type 
boars, was really a sire of extra large offspring. His get had more sub- . 
stance, stronger vitality, and in all were 
a more thrifty lot. For this reason, he 
did not at all times meet the favor of a 
great many breeders, who were clamor- 
ing for a finer type. He was primarily 
the foundation sire of the great sows, 
used in the Winn & Mastin herd, that 
produced for several years the top win- 
■ling hogs of the breed. 

Chief Tecumseh 3i) 20740 S, 38233 A. 
arrowed March 26, 1896; litter 8. Bred 
'ly T. R. Wilson, Morning Sun, Iowa; sold 
o Harvey .Johnson, Logan, Iowa, Scp- 
eniber 25, 1896; sold one-half interest to 
S. McKelvie & Sons, Fairfield, Nebr., 
fune 1, 1898. Got bv Ciiief Tecumseh 2d 
1 1.579; dam. May Allerton 47918, by 
S!ump Ashby 11256. 
T. R. wiLsn.v. M.iKNiNo Sun. Iowa Chief TecuMiseli 3d was considered 

X«o^,^^c/"T;^f:;;LS1^ ii^;f"' "l^out the best show and breeding son of 




PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1890 AND IDfJ'J 2!) 

the renowned Chief Tecumseh 2d. He was first brought into proini- 
nence at the Omaha Trans-Mississippi show, being defeated for cham- 
pionship honors by Perfect I Know. Judge Lail gave as his reasons, that 
iChief Tecumseh 3d had not been clipped and was showing a very rowan 
coat. Those who witnessed the show, admit the race a close one, but 
,that Chief Tecumseh 3d, with his sons and daughters in the young-^r 
classes, made a long list of superior reasons why his size combined with 
easy feeding qualities should have won. There is no question but that 
the breeders of smaller type hogs won a great many followers through 
this defeat, as the shows for the next few years Avere largely predom- 
inated by the smaller hog. In 1900 and 1901, Harvey Johnson showed 
a good many of the get of Chief Tecumseh 3d at the Iowa State fair. 
An exhibitor and one of the heaviest winners in the show, exhibiting 
nothing but the medium types, stated that while his hogs won the pre- 
miums, there was no question but that Johnson had the best hogs. It 
was during the 1900 show that Judge Lytle, who was a breeder of the 
larger variety of Poland Chinas, began to place the ribbons on the larger 
entries, afterward to be called from the ring by a very prominent man 
in Poland China affairs and severely criticised. From then on. Judge 
Lytle changed his placings. 

Klever's Model 29719 O, farrowed February 18, 1892; litter 9; black 
with white points. Bred by Ed Klever, Bloomingburg, Ohio; sold to C. 
'E. Vigal, New City, 111., September 19, 1892; resold to Geo. B. Counsel; 
resold to Klever's Model Breeding association, Illinois. Got by Look Me 
Over 25343 O, by All Right; dam, Queen Success 61848 A, by Success 
1999 0, by Tom Corwin 2d 2037. 

Perhaps no boar had as unusual a life and ending as did the noted 
Klever's Model. He first began to attract attention in the hands of Geo. 
B. Counsel, whose integrity and veracity became somewhat in doubt and 
were investigated by the Record associations. When Klever's Model was 
offered in a public auction, a group of breeders organized a syndicate 
to buy him, and did according to the sale report, but later brought suit 
against Counsel claiming that the wrong boar was sold to them. The 
matter was tied up in the courts for a number of years, breeders being 
called from various sections of the country as witnesses. Some of the 
evidence given showed that the boar in question had been kept under 
cover until the moment he was driven into the sale ring, and that he 
looked so near like the Old Klever's Model, and breeders were so ex- 
cited in buying him, no one gave the matter any thought. The matter 
was finally dropped, largely through the lack of funds, as many of the 
syndicate had lost small fortunes in fighting the case. Later Counsel 
was barred from the Poland China Records. 

Chief Price 61861, farrowed April 10, 1898; litter 7. Bred by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa; sold in dam to W. H. Devoe, Rock Valley, 
Iowa, March 8, 1898; sold to W. J. McLean, same place, April, 1899; sold 
to Jno. Miller, Rock Valley, Iowa, May, 1900; sold to Peter Mouw, Orange 
City, Iowa, October 24, 1901. Got by Grand Chief 3d 28013, by Grand 
Chief 20177, by Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579; dam, Price's Maid 162560, by 
Orange Price 34825, by Price 31747, by One Price 18871, by Black U. S. 
18345, by Success 1999, by Tom Corwin 2d 2037. 

Chief Price has been termed the "Father of the Big Types."' His 



30 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINK 

influence was not felt until altGr the year 1900, l)ut he rightly deservf.s 
a place in tlie same decade as Chief Tecumseh 2d and Chief Perfection 
2d. No boar has had a greater following, or produced a larger growthicr 
set of pigs. His greatest influence came after the collapse of the .boom 




(Chief Price 61861) 
The ■fathet" of the Bin Types. .Farrowed, Ai>ril, JSOS 

in the "hot bloods," and never was there a stage better set or an actor 

in better trim to wait upon the clamoring crowds that found their way 

to his shrine than Chief Price. 

Expansion 57691, farrowed May 22, 1900; litter, 12. Bred by M. G. 

Arnold, Strawberry Point, Iowa; sold to L. W. Cook, Liberty, Nebr., 
October 25, 1900; resold to H. C. Dawson & 
Sons, Endicott, Nebr., 1901. Got by Os- 
borne's Hadley 42639, by Onward 34491, by 
Smeby's Hadley 28736, by Hadley 19213, by 
One Price 18871; dam. Lady Darkness 
94080, by Dakota King, by Butler's Dark- 
ness 6846, by King Butler. 

Out in Nebraska, while the tempest was 
raging in the east over hot bloods. Expan- 
sion and his get were demonstrating to the 
swine producers the real merit of Poland 
Chinas. Backed by an industrious firm, H. 
C. Dawson & Sons, the boar was given every 
opportunity to show his ability, which has 
since proven to be quite extraordinary. 
The shows, state fairs and institutes were 
made Avith a large number of his get, and 
at several places the old boar Avas also ex- 
hibited, and wliile the premium money was given to the smaller hog, 
Expansion and his get won the admiration of the farmers. His influ- 
ence, witli that of Ciiief Price, cannot be estimated. 




CHAPTER VIII 

Prominent Boaks Bi-tween 1900 to 1910 

W iTH high selling Poland Chinas of the medium type from 1897 to 
1906 gave opportunity for the breeders of the larger hogs to exploit the 
merits of their type and to be sailing at full mast in 1907 and 1908, when 
the boom on the hot bloods burst. 

Those who embarked into the breeding of Poland Chinas during this 
lime were more or less confused as to which type to select, some con- 
sidering the "boom" worth more to them in the selling of their hogs, 

and others desiring to produce hogs for the 

size, fecundity and ruggedness. Herds of both 
types were to be found in any state where live- 
stock was grown. 

This chapter must, therefore, deal with 
"types," as it was during this period the "big 
types" came into control after the "hot blood" 
boom had burst. The reader will note from the 
preceding chapter the pedigrees and history of 
Chief Price, the "father" of the big types, and 
Chief Perfection 2d, the "father" of the hot 
bloods. Many of their sons were the command- 
T.LOTD MuGo, KoKOMo, ind. '"S ^'g"'''^^ ^"""S ^^^^ bistorical period. 
1 iireeder and Showman of Tile rccord high Selling individuals and lit- 

"" ""'""" rla^^r ""' ""'"' ters were made in 1905, 1906, 1907 (see chapter 
on High Prices Paid for Poland Chinas). These 
were not surpassed until 1918; however, there were prices paid that 
caused no little comment from the entire fraternity and press. 

Corrector 26466, farrowed April 12, 1900; litter, 10. Bred by F. M. 
Lail, Marshall, Mo.; sold to Winn & Mastln, Mastin, Kan., October 3, 
1901. Cot by L's Perfection 22488, by Chief Perfection 2d 21701; dam. 
Best Look 59231, by Look Mc Over 9011. 

This was one of the best breeding boars of his day. As a show boar he 
was equally as popular. His sons distinguished themselves in many of 
the leading herds of the country. A one-half interest was sold to A. 
Glenn, Chicago, 111., for $2500. 

Chief Sunshine 2d 75587, farrowed May 25, 1902; litter, 8. Bred by 
Wm. Walker, Findlay, 111., and used in the herds of D. A. Good, Bears- 
dale, 111.; J. A. Countryman & Sons, Rochelle, 111., and E. L. Jimison, 
Oneida, 111. Got by Chief Sunshine 33029, by Ideal Sunshine 22985; 
dam, Hulda's Ideal 87001, by Kemp's Perfection. 

This boar was made famous as being one of the first boars to be sold 
under a written guarantee to live three months, and to bo a reasonably 




32 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



sure breeder. This practice was used ([uite generally for a number of 
years. 

Blain's Tecumseh 29338, farrowed March 24, 1902; litter, 7. Bred by 
W. T. Garrett & Sons, Maryville, Mo. Sold to John Blain, Pawnee City, 
Nebr., September 5, 1902. liot by Allerton's Tecumseh 23164; dam. Miss 
Doyle 2d 58215, by Butler's Hadley 20038. 

John Blain was one of the most constructive breeders of his time. 
His herd was considered to be among the leading herds of the breed, 
and from it many boars were sent to head good herds. Among the best 
producing boars he ever owned was Blain's Tecumseh. 

Keep On 28553, farrowed February 22, 1900; litter, 4. Bred by W. C. 
Welch, Harveysburg, Ohio. Got by Perfect Perfection 24235; dam, Bessie 
U. S. 65121, by Wilson's Black U. S. 27461. 

Among the leading boars of his time was Keep On. Many of his sons 
were shipped west and were the sires of state fair winners and high 
selling litters. He was grand champion of the International Stock show, 
1904. Among his great sons was On & On 36591. 

On & On 36591, farrowed February 2, 1903; litter, 7. Bred by Spurling 
Bros., Pleasant Plain, Ohio. Sold to H. Driiheld, Keokuk, Iowa; resold 
to J. B. Young, Bichards, Mo., November 9, 1904. Got by Keep On 28553; 
dam, Hulda's Ideal 87001. 

In the hands of J. B. Young the boar was made famous, and breeders 
were willing to pay fancy prices to secure his get. He is a half brother 
to Chief Sunshine 2d 75587, both being out of the great producmg sow, 
Hulda's Ideal. 

Meddler 99999, farrowed September 11, 1903; litter, 8. Bred by Winn 
& Mastin, Mastin, Kan. Got by Mischief Maker 30246; dam. Pet 2d 68646, 
by Perfect I Know 19172. 

Among the greatest boars of his time. Meddler 99999 would rank 




Mbddler 9999? 

I'icil Sriilciiibrr. lufl.l. Grand Cliniiipion World's 
\-<(n- Piy. .\ Sire of riiiisiiiil Ability. His Get 

An Ideal Tyve o/ the Ho-ViiUed -Hot Bloods" 



about at the top. Winn & Mastin were tiie leading breeders and show- 
men of the central west, and, as the popularity of the Poland China 
was reaching farther west, their herd was heavily called upon to furnish 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEKN 1900 AND 1010 33 

the leading sires. Under their care, he was made the grand champion 
boar of the world's fair, held in St. Louis in 1904, defeating many other 
prominent boars, one of which was Long Wonder 85533, shown by 
Peter Mouw. This winning created quite a deal of comment, for to win 
a grand championship in a national showr on an under year boar was 
indeed quite out of the ordinary. He was sold in August, 1905, to E. H. 
Ware, Douglas, 111., for f3000, and the following winter Ware made 
one of the sensational bred sow sales of the season on sows bred to him. 
When Winn & Mastin dissolved partnership in the spring of 1906, 
Frank Winn retained a son of Meddler, known as Meddler 2d, and in 
December, 1906, joined selling forces with E. H. Ware, making a sensa- 
tional sale. In March, 1907, Ware sold a one-half interest in Meddler to 
Hebbard & Roy, Peck, Kan., and they in turn held two very important 
sales of bred sows mated to Meddler. 

On the Dot 106355, farrowed March 8, 1905; litter, 9. Bred by H. 
Driffield, Keokuk, Iowa. Got by On & On 36591 ; dam, Bashful of Maple 
Grove 118509, by Phenomenon 31829. 

Like some of the earlier boars. On & On fell the victim of a multiplicity 
of owners, and was exploited for all he was worth. Many of his sons 
were Hke himself, show and breeding boars, and estabHshed a family 
characteristic. He was champion boar of the Illinois State fair in 1906. 

King Look 104635, farrowed March 27. 1900; litter, 5. Bred by C. F. 
Hutchinson, Bellaire, Kan. Sold to McNutt & Meese, Ord, Nebr., Septem- 
ber 7, 1900. Got by Bright Look 21833; dam. No. 41 58072. 

Among the boars that figured in the breed building in Nebraska was 
old King Look, and in the hands of the master showmen, McNutt & 
Meese, he and his sons helped to establish breed type. One of his great 
sons. Grand Look 38305, farrowed in 1905, was a consistent winner in the 
state shows, both he and his get, for a number of years. He was out of the 
good producing sow% Valley Girl, by Ideal Black LI S. 2d. 

Long King 45837, farrowed October 28, 1902; htter, 10. Bred by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa. Sold to F. E. Ballard, Randolph, Nebr., De- 
cember 10, 1903; resold to Spencer Jones, Carroll, Nebr.. .July 16, 1906; 
resold to J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa, May 15, 1907. Got by 
Chief Price 61861, "the father" of the big types; out of Long MoUie 
101497. by Longfellow Jr. 31464. 

Perhaps no boar lent as much to the rise of the big types as did Long 
King. He was an extremely large hog, and an exceptional breeding boar. 
Several of his sons went to head prominent herds, among them being 
Long King's Equal 177373, an outstanding breeding boar. 

Pawnee L.vd 30853, farrowed October 1, 1902; litter, 11. Bred by 
John Blain, Pawnee City, Nebr. Sold to J. 0. James, Bradleyville, Iowa, 
May 5, 1903. Got by Klever's Best 25447, by Happy Perfection 25446; 
dam. Big Mariah, by L's What Wanted. 

Pawnee Lad was a boar of great vitality, living to be nearly ten years 
of age. John Blain purchased Klever's Best from Ed Klever. Blooming- 
burg, Ohio, and used him for some little time in his herd in the early 
1900. He was by Happy Perfection, one of the leading boars of the east. 
Pawnee Lad was a large boar, as they were then, and mated very suc- 
cessfully on most any cross. His get were shipped into many states 



34 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

and were among the most important in breed history for a number 
of years. 

Long Wonder 85533, farrowed June 20, 1903; litter, 8. Bred by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa. Got by Surprise Wonder 4th 32435; dam. 
Extra Long 4th, by Chief Price 6186L 

While Peter Mouw had shown some great boars at the leading fairs, 
Long Wonder came as near suiting him as his ideal as any of them. 
At the World's fair, St. Louis, in 1904, this boar was viewed by the great 
throng, and even though he was defeated by an under year "hot blood" 
boar, Mouw was satisfied that he had convinced the pubHc that his hogs 
were superior for practical purposes. As a sire. Long Wonder war, 
considered as first class. His greatest son was A Wonder 47460. 

Orange Chief 82233, farrowed April 16, 1903; litter, 9. Bred by 
Peter Mouw, Orange City, Iowa. Got by Chief Price 61861; dam. Orange 
Maid, by Longfellow 3d 30301. 

Chief Price, the "father" of the big types, was a progenitor of excep- 
tional ability, and for the most part his sons, under the various conditions 
they were thrown, were equally as good. Orange Chief is the sire of Big 
Orange and a number of other very important boars. 

Chief Price 2d 93149, farrowed April 10, 1904; litter, 8. Bred by 
Peter Mouw. Got by Chief Price 61861; dam. Standard Lady A, by 
Surprise Wonder 4th. 

The blood of Chief Price and Surprise Wonder 4th and 5th was the 
combination that produced the best individuals for Mouw. Because of 
the popularity of Chief Price, there were at least twenty different hogs 
named Chief Price 2d, or as close to it as possible, but the Chief Price 
2d 93149 was without question the best breeding son of the famous old 
boar. More pedigrees today trace to him than that of any other son. 
He was sold by Mouw to M. P. Hancher, Rolfe, Iowa. 

Big Hadley 40832, farrowed September 14, 1903; litter, 6. Bred by 
A. T. Shattuck & Son, Hastings, Nebr. Got by Hadley Jr. 28383; dam. 
Mammoth Beauty, by Mammoth Chief. 

Big Hadley may be counted as one of extreme size and quality com- 
bined. No other boar of similar character stamped his get with as much 
uniformity as did Big Hadley or his sons. He was used in the A. T. 
Shattuck & Son herd and then in the Thos. A. Shattuck herd. He was 
sold to John Blain in 1906, and from this herd went to H. H. Harshaw, 
Butler, Mo., for $500 cash in 1909; later, a half interest was sold to W. A. 
Baker, also of Butler, and finally to an Illinois breeder. The sale to 
Harshaw caused a great deal of comment, as this was the first so-called 
Big Type to command as much as $500. The Hadley's have played a very 
important part in the development of the breed. 

A Wonder 47460 S, 107353 A, farrowed September 24, 1904; litter, 7. 
Bred by E. Gritters, Hull, Iowa. Sold to Peter Ellerbroek, Sheldon, 
Iowa, March 30, 1906; sold to W. W. Wheeler, Harlan, Iowa, September 
21, 1907; sold to Henry Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, February, 1910. 
Got by Long Wonder 85533; dam, Mollie Fair, by Ideal Medium 4th. 

Without exception, A Wonder has proven to be a sire among sires, 
however, his popularity did not begin until after he was in the herd of 
Henry Fesenmeyer. Gritters and Ellerbroek lived near Peter Mouw 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1900 AND li)10 35 

and purchased many of his hogs, and their herds were mostly Mouw 
bred hogs, so that A Wonder was only one of a crop of pigs, with no 
unusual qualifications that forecast his greatness. In the Wheeler 




A Wonder 107353A, 47460S 

Age of Five Years This Boar Began to Attract Internatioyial 
Get Were Superior to Others of His Day 

herd, which was one of the strictly Big Type herds of the west, A Wonder 
played a very important part, as the "Mastodons," which Wheeler adver- 
tised so successfully, brought many breeders to Harlan, Iowa, and A 
Wonder had begun to make himself known. In February, 1910, 
Wheeler dispersed his herd and Fcsenmeyer purchased A Wonder 
for $360. 

Big Bone 137161, farrowed September 2, 1906; litter, 7. Bred by Peter 
Ellerbroek, Sheldon, Iowa. Sold to Peter Mouw November 15, 1907; 
sold to J. G. Galman, Van Horn, Iowa, October 8, 1909. Got by A Wonder 
47460; dam. Miss Nellie 2d, by Surprise Wonder 5th. 

Among the boars used in the Mouw herd. Big Bone, the son of A 
Wonder was considered by him as being a logical successor to Chief 
Price. His first crop of pigs in 1908 was the choice of the many breeders 
changing from the hot bloods to the big types, and thus many herds 
were supplied with his get. It was in the hands of Galman that marked 
him as a wonderful breeding boar. He was a massive boar, weighing 
close to 1000 pounds. Galman held several very successful sales, fea- 
turing this great boar. 

Big Victor 50503, farrowed September 10, 1906; litter, 8. Bred by 
E. C. Dart, Exeter, Nebr. Sold to D. C. Lonergan, Florence, Nebr., Sep- 
tember 2, 1907. Got by Billy Young 41292; dam, Zora Vick 100065. 

After the Hadley's, western breeders followed very largely with the 
get of Big Victor. This boar was a remarkable boar in many ways, 
being of good size and full of quality, was a winner in class and later 
champion of the state show. His get were strong and vigorous and 



36 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

extra good breeders. In the hands of Lonergan, who was one of the 
leading breeders of the west, the boar was handled properly in that 
choice sows only were mated to him. The Record volumes will show 
that many of his sons were heading prominent herds over the entire 
country. 

Hadley Golddust 47471 S, farrowed March 6, 1907; litter, 8. Bred by 
John Blain, Pawnee Citj', Nebr. Sold to H. L. McKelvie, Fairfield, Nebr., 
October 15, 1907. Got by Big Hadley 40832; dam. Lady Golddust 73961, by 
Big Hadley 28180, by Smeby's Hadley Jr. 23507, out of Golddust Tecum- 
seh 57301, by Chief Tecumseh 3d 20740. 

Among the very best breeding boars of his day was Hadley Golddust. 
He was a boar of great massiveness, low and blocky, yet very great size. 
He was a consistent sire, transmitting large bodies, neat head and ear, 
and extra heavy bone. His sire was the old original Big Hadley 40832, 
sold by Blain to Harshaw of Missouri for "f^SOO, and which started con- 
siderable favorable talk among the breeders of the larger hogs. His 
dam was by Big Hadley 28180, he being by Smeby's Hadley Jr. 23507, 
a boar bred and used in the Blain herd. The dam of Hadley Golddust 
was Lady Golddust, out of the famous old sow Golddust Tecumseh, 
by the renowned Chief Tecumseh 3d. 

There are many other boars whose influence was felt in the develop- 
ment of the breed during this particular period. Space prevents the 
enumeration of them all, but to mention a few should be made in the 
interest of those who, in studying pedigrees, may know the facts regard 
ing the construction of the breed. We would, therefore, mention the 
following in addition to those already enumerated : 

Smooth Price 153321, Big Jumbo 153879, Chief Price Again 147523, 
Chief Price 2d 142681, Blue Valley Quality 145169, Big Tecumseh 
101353, King Mastodon 134121. Longfellow Jr. 155513. 

Longfellow 7th 44369, Big Orange 145509, Long King's Equal 177373, 
Panorama 177891, Juml'o 37811; M's Hadley 147847, Big Mischief 51398, 
O's Jumbo 53975, and Wade's Jumbo 48091. 



CHAPTER IX 

Prominent Boars Between 1910 to 1915 

r EDIGREES during 1910 and a few years later, traced largely to, or 
were for sons or grandsons of, the Meddler's, Corrector's, Perfection's, 
Hadley's, Long King, A Wonder and Big Victor. There was not a great 
deal of enthusiasm over prices, in fact they were very conservative, 
especially after the record prices of but three years previous. The main 
balance of the hog world gradually moved westward, and Iowa, Ne- 
braska, Kansas and Missouri became very much the center of the 
industry. The names of the boars were largely prefixed by the words 
"Big," "Jumbo," "Long," and other words denoting extreme size. Ad- 
vertisements were displayed with the words "Big Type," which of course 
was beginning to listen good to those who desired to place new material 
in their herds. 

Much credit is due the western states for the selection of swine judges 
to uphold the size and good feeding qualities of the breed. Nebraska 
especially took the lead and, during the early part of this particular 
period, well known breeders, who were capable judges and were un- 
shakeable in their determination to place the ribbons as they saw them, 
were selected: A. T. Shattuck, Hastings, Nebr.; Frank Davis, Holbrook, 
Nebr.; A. J. Lovejoy, of Illinois; and Thos. A. Shattuck, Hastings, Nebr. 
The breeders in Iowa were not so fortunate in securing the judges they 
wanted, and the breeders of the smaller hog predominated until 1914. 

In 1912, Nebraska staged the first of all "Big Type" show of the breed. 
It was heralded as such by the live stock press. There had been a great 
deal of noise about 1000-pound boars, but the public had yet to see 
their first. At this particular show, three boars, Columbus, The Big 
Orphan and Pawnee Pete, shown by R. B. Baird, Central City, Nebr.; 
Timm Neuhofcl, Central City. Nebr., and Fred P. Robinson, Maryville, 
Mo., respectively; each walked on the scales of the state fair grounds, 
weighing over the 1000 pound mark. There was a large crowd present 
from many states, expecting to sec a great hog show, but this was beyond 
the expectation of any breeder. Columbus was made the grand cham- 
pion of the show. He was a full brother to The Big Orphan, fourteen 
months younger. A. J. Lovejoy made the placings of the show. 

During the latter part of this period, the breed took on a new im- 
petus. The eastern breeders came west for new blood, and were liberal 
buyers of the better stulf. Among the more prominent purchases was 
the sale of what was afterwards known as Dishcr's Giant 240655, who 
later became one of the greatest progenitors of the breed. His blood 
became scattered over the east during the latter part of this period and 
the great pendulum of time took the western bi-ccders to the door of the 
eastern breeder to secure the sons and daughters of this great boar. 

In 1913, The Big Orphan was made grand champion of the Nebraska 
show, followed the next year by Big I'rsus, a son of the 1910 grand 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



champion. Big Mischief. Nineteen fifteen brought out the marveloun 
1125-pound Big Timm, a son of the grand champion. The Big Orphan. 
Big Timm was made the grand champion of the show, and no boar ever 
received a greater following than did Big Timm. 

It may be truthfully said that at least three great boars were devel- 
oped during this time — three boars, whose influence radiated out to 
every part of the country and are considered popular even to this day. 
They were Big Timm, Big Bob, and Disher's Giant. 

Public sales were not extreme in prices even as late as 1915. The 
top fail sale for Missouri in 1915 realized an average of but $44 per head. 
Sales of prominent breeders in Nebraska averaged between $30 to $40, 
and the top sale of Iowa for 1914 was $100. The top bred sow sale of 
Missouri for 1915 was $87.60; on sows bred to a son of Columbus. Foot 
and mouth disease spread over the United States during 1915 and 1916, 
compelling many of the fairs and expositions to abandon their shows. 
Pure bred sales were handicapped by rigid inspection and quarantine 
regulations, preventing interstate shipments. 

For the interest of those who may want to know, we are herewith 
giving the names of breeders who were actively engaged in the breeding 
of Poland Chinas, to such a measure as to be the means of distributing 
an outstanding number of hogs during the years 1909 to 1911, some of 
which are in the business even to this day. There were many more, who 
were actively engaged in the breeding business, but from the records of 
the different associations, did not show but a small number of animals 
recorded. These names are given only as a matter of history, and do not 
in any way suggest the number of men interested in the breed. 



OREGON 

Herbert Willard, Dayton. 
Holt C. Wilson, Portland. 
G. B. Dimick, Oregon City. 

KANSAS 

Roy Johnston, South Mound. 

W. R. Webb, Bendena. 

H. B. Walter, Effingham. 

F. C. Swiercensky, Belleville. 

Geo. Wedd & Son, Spring Hill. 

Dietrich & Spaulding, Richmond. 

B. M. Bell, Beatie. 

F. S. Cowles, Lawrence. 
A. R. Enos, Ramona. 

H. Gronniger & Sons, Bendena. 

G. M. Hull, Gannett. 

J. H. Harter, Westmoreland. 

Stryker Bros., Fredonia. 

W. C. Milligan, Clay Center. 

R. O. Deming, Oswego. 

,1. F. Menehan, Summerfield. 

F. A. Dawley, Waldo. 

F. Olivier & Sons, Danville. 

C. S. Nevius, Chiles. 

J. D. Spangler, New Sharon. 
P. L. Ware & Sons, Paola. 

ARKANSAS 

Kirby Stock Farm, Marmaduke. 
John McLaughlin, Marmaduke. 



MISSOURI 

F. p. Robinson, Maryville. 
Wm. H. Scott, Jamesport. 
Rust & Wales, Peculiar. 
W. B. Wallace, Bunceton. 
Isaac Novinger, Kirksville. 
James Kennish, Mound City. 

E. E. Axline, Oak Grove. 
John Belcher, Raymore. 
S. Y. Burks, Bolivar. 

G. E. Leslie, Memphis. 

W. G. Lockridge, Fayette. 
R. E. Maupin, Pattonsburg. 
L. M. Monsees & Son, Smithtor 

F. D. Winn, Randolph. 

A. F. Siefker, Defiance. 
H. H. Harshaw, Butler. 

H. L. Faulkener, Jamesport. 
S. A. Bugg, Hamilton. 
W. H. Charter's, Jr., Butler. 
H. S. Williamson, Centralia. 
Sheehy Bros., Hume. 

B. T. Wray, Hopkins. 
J. R. Young, Richards. 
E. W. Wallen, Monett. 
Chas. Z. Baker, Butler. 
W. A. Baker, Butler. 

TENNESSEE 

H. L. Currie, Brownsville. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AND 1915 



NEBRASKA 

H. C. Dawson & Sons, Endicott. 
J. W. Bakewell, Endicott. 

D. C. Lonergan, Florence. 
John Blain, Pawnee. 

E. H. Andrews, Kearney. 
W. A. Lingford, Dannebrog. 
Davison & Chrysler, DeWitt. 
Frank Davis & Sons, Holbrook. 
Chas. Herring, Columbus. 
Fred Wille, Columbus. 

Thos. A. Shattuck, Hastings. 

G. S. Hamaker, Pawnee. 

H. Prichard, Florence. 

H. B. Francisco, Hastings. 

C. C. Ingram, Bloomington. 

W. M. Wright & Son, Allen. 

Chas. M. Hulbert, Oakland. 

Hoagland Bros., Glenville. 

J. H. Hitch, Geneva. 

Thos. F. Walker, Alexandria. 

J. C. Meese, Ard. 

W. J. Hather, Ord. 

W. L. McNutt, Ord. 

Cedar Bank Farm, York. 

Cavett Bros., Phillips. 

John O'Connell, Malcolm. 

S. A. Nelson & Sons, Malcolm. 

W. H. Moore & Sons, Genoa. 

J. T. R. Nash, Minden. 

A. L. Meith, Cairo. 

W. T. Judy, Kearney. 

N. B. Freeman, Kearney. 

S. McKelvie & Son, Fairfield. 

H. L. McKelvie, Fairfield. 

W. M. McKeever, Hubbell. 

Wm. Ferguson, Scribner. 

H. C. McGath, Clarks. 

P. N. Jasper, Lindsay. 

O. E. Wade, Rising City. 

Albert Smith & Sons, Superior. 

Robt. A. Schug, Coleridge. 

F. P. Riggs, Archer. 
Simon Rentshler, Leigh. 

O. N. Remington, Tekamah. 
Mark Stewart, St. Paul. 
Thompson Bros., Indianola. 
Timm Neuhofel, Central City. 
R. B. Baird, Central City. 

INDIANA 

E. P. Weldon, Cynthina. 

J. W. Williams & Sons, Bryant. 

Line Lukens, Diske. 

Lloyd Mugg, Kokomo. 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Fred Dralle, Mission HilL 

MONTANA 

T. B. Haynes, Creston. 

NEW MEXICO 

Sam Little, Hagerman. 



IOWA 

J. S. Owens, New Hampton. 
Geo. Regenitter, Bennett. 
C. E. Sapp, Sharpsburg. 
Fred L. Rood, Clearfield. 
F. W. Mclntyre, Red Oak. 
W. Z. Shallow, Waukee. 
Williams Bros., Villisca. 
W. H. Barr & Sons, Villisca. 
John Miller, Rock Valley. 
Peter Mouw, Orange City. 
Peter Ellerbrock, Sheldon. 
A. J. Podendorf, Little Sioux. 

F. G. Paul, Marshalltown. 
J. M. Perry, Alvord. 
Lee Gross, Nodaway. 
Ruebel Bros., Marathon. 

G. W. Sefrit, Lucas. 

J. C. Hardman & Son, Brayton. 

J O. James, Braddyville. 

L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville. 

Wm. Lentz, Ankeny. 

John B. Lawson, Clarinda. 

J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda. 

G. F. Marshall & Son, Monroe. 

H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda. 

J. G. Gallman, Van Home. 

E. Gritters, Perkins. 

M. P. Hancher, Rolfe. 

C. S. Hanna, Batavia. 

W. J. Crow, Webb. 

W. H. Cooper, Hedrick. 

Henry Dorr, Remsen. 

W. W. Wheeler, Harlan. 

J. H. Watson, Madrid. 

J. H. Wintermute, Blockton. 

C. F. Adams, Owassa. 

IDAHO 

J. M. Royston, Payette. 

OKLAHOMA 

Lee R. Patterson, El Reno. 
Ed. E. Blake, El Reno. 
A. J. DeMoss, El Reno. 
A. B. Campbell, Geary. 
E. G. Barnard, Hennessey. 
E. A. Herbert, Mulhall. 
J. R. Sparks, Hunter. 
J. R. Roberts, Renfrew. 

MINNESOTA 

E. S. Barker, Mankato. 

Enoch Swanson, North Branch. 

Wm. Wiest, La Sueur. 

G. W. Wheeler, Kasson. 

S. L. Perkins, Prairie. 

L. T. Silkey, Smithville. 

W. J. Graham, Howard Lake. 

C. F. Gummert, Renville. 

John Crowe, Dassel. 

E. J. Cowles, West Concord. 

Jno. Devaney, Montrose. 



40 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

TEXAS MICHIGAN 

W. H. Day, Allen. W. E. Livingston, Parma. 



CALIFORN 

A. M. Henry, Farmingto 



ILLINOIS 



J. J. CosgrifT, Dodd City. 
L. M. French, Como. 
G. F. McCracken, Decatur. 
W. J. DufTield, Claude. 
R. L. Howard, Piano. J- M. Kemp, Kenney. 

W. A. Robinson, Minerva. Cox & Hollinrake, Keilhsburg. 

Rice Williams, Rockdale. J- P- Vissering, Alton. 

E. L. Jimison, Oneida. 



J. E. Meharry, ToJono. 



WISCONSIN 

L. P. Martiny, Chippewa Falls. T.^. Purcell, Polo. 

R. Meinking, Bango. 

J. D. McDonald, West Salem. 

J. C. Hendricks, Hazel Green. 

W. J. Bernd, New Richmond. 



OHIO 



D. R. KeifTer, Mt. Carroll. 

Jno. Francis & Son, New Lenox. 

J. L. Gutshall, Sheffield. 

H. J. Blackburn, Henry. 

fe. C. Caverly, Toulon. 



J. M. Klever, Bloomingburg. Ira Cottingham, Eden. 

Lon Hunter & Co., Morrow. E. H. Ware, Douglas. 

The Big Orphan 171013, farrowed March 3, 1909. Bred by R. B. 
Baird, Central City, Nebr., sold to Timm Neuhofel, same place, October 
15, 1910. Got by Big Columbus 151313, by Big Bone 137161, by A Wonder 
107353; dam, Nellie B 369494, by Orphan Boy 143415. 

The Big Orphan came into his own in 1912, winning second in aged 
boar class of the first all "big type" show of the breed. He weighed of- 
ficially over 1000 pounds, and was considered even a better boar in 1913, 
when he won the grand championship honors at the same show. For 
size, smoothness, and as a breeder, he ranked above many other boars 
of his day. 

Pawnee Pete 55113, farrowed April 3, 1909. Bred by F. P. Robinson, 
Maryville, Mo. Got by Big Pete 51164, by Peter SterHng 31056; dam. Miss 
Corwin 2d 128822, by Pawnee Giant 47069. 

Pawnee Pete was an extremely large boar and an exceptionally good 
breeder. His record as a show boar gained many friends for him and 
his get. 

GOLDUUST Hadley 55133, farrowed March 22, 1909. Bred by H. L. 
McKelvie, Fairfield, Nebr., sold in dam to W. A. Lingford, Dannebrog, 
Nebr. Got by Hadley Golddust 47471 ; dam, Priceless Look 129309, by 
King Priceless 42681. 

As a breeding boar of exceptional mellowness, combined with size, 
Golddust Hadley was rated as one of the very top breeding boars of his 
day. Many of his sons and daughters were winners at the various state 
fairs. 

Columbus 176435, farrowed May 3, 1910. Bred by R. B. Baird, Cen- 
tral City, Nebr. Got by Big Columbus 151313 by Big Bone 137161; dam, 
Nellie B 369494, by Orphan Boy 143415. 

Columbus was considered the greatest achievement of his day; at 
the age of 28 months, winning the grand championship honors at the 
1912 Nebraska show, weighing over 1000 pounds. Everyone who saw 
him considered him a marvel. As a breeding boar he did not rank 
with his brother. The Big Orphan. 

Long Jumbo 62719, farrowed March 3, 1910. Bred by R. W. Halford, 
Manning, Iowa; sold in dam to Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa; resold to 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AND 1915 41 

R. W. Halford, September 25, 1911. Got by Jumbo Prospect 54339, by 
Prospect 46193; dam. Big Lady J 150273, by Long Chief 47441. 

Perhaps it is to Long Jumbo the credit should go, as "being the first 
hog to weigh over 1100 pounds. As a breeding boar there were but few 
his equal; a wonderful individual, extreme in size and a great pro- 
genitor. 

Farver's Goliath 169395, farrowed March 13, 1910. Bred by M. P. 
Hancher, Rolfe, Iowa; sold in dam to Farver Bros., Sibley, Iowa. Got by 
Chief Price 2d, 41357-S, by Chief Price 61861 ; dam, Mable Crow 150289, 
by Hadley Expansion. 

A boar with extreme size, rather rough in appearance, but a won- 
derful breeding boar; his get were in big demand, and many of them 
winners at the Iowa state show. 

Moore's Halvor 66854, farrowed August 15, 1910. Bred by C. F. 
Adams, Owasa, Iowa; sold to C. E. Moore, Muscotah, Kan., March 27, 
1911; resold to Walter & Graner, Effingham and Lancaster, Kan., April 
23, 1913. Got by Big Halvor 59789, by Long Wonder 54267; dam. Miss 
Welcome 141661, by Welcome Chief 59106. 

Moore's Halvor was a lino bred Chief Price boar, and was a breeding 
boar par excellence. His greatest good came while in the herd of H. B. 
Walter, where his get were sold to breeders in many states. 

Blue "Valley 61568, farrowed September 24, 1910. Bred by Thos. F. 
Walker, Alexandria, Nebr., and never sold. Got by Blue Valley's 
Quality 38995; dam, Daisy Dean 119947, by Big Hutch 37454. 

No single family gave more to the improvement of the Poland 
Chinas than did Blue Valley and his great sire. Blue Valley's Quality. 
Thos. F. Walker shipped their get into practically every state of the 
Union, meeting with favor. 

Big Jumbo 153879, farrowed March 8, 1909. Bred by Peter Mouw, 
Orange City, Iowa. Got by Big Bone 53069, by A Wonder 47460; dam. 
Price Maid 107583, by Chief Price 61861. Big Jumbo proved to be one 
of, if not the greatest breeding boar in the herd of Mouw, after Chief 
Price. He had a great scale and sired size and smoothness. 

Whitesox Chief 55189, farrowed August 9, 1909. Bred by W. W. 
Wheeler. Harlan, Iowa; sold to S. T. Foster. Ponca City, Oklahoma. 
November 11, 1909; resold to W. H. Charters Jr., Butler. Mo. Got by A. 
Wonder 47460; dam. Long Price 4th 132794, by Columbia Chief 2d 42528. 

W. H. Charters Jr. was a genius in mail orders, and, through this 
method, shipped hundreds of hogs each year. For several years, he was 
perhaps the largest single recording patron of the Standard Record. 
Whitesox Chief became famous through his get. 

RoBiDOux 59527, farrowed September 4. 1910. Bred by H. C. Dawson 
& Sons, Endicott, Nebr., sold to G. W. Scott, Monett, Mo.; resold to A. J. 
Erhart, Adrian, Mo. Got by Panorama 53423, by Expansion; dam, 
Mouw's Big Spot 140013, by Colossus 45702. 

Robidoux, besides being a wonderful breeding boar, was an ex- 
tremely large boar. His advertised weight was 1200 pounds. In the 
herds of Scott and Erhart, his greatest work was accomplished. He was 



42 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

a full brother to Buchaneer 61283, that stood second in the aged boar 
class Nebraska State fair, 1915, being defeated by. Big Timm. Hii 
official weight was 1060 pounds. 

Big Joe 200767, farrowed September 26, 1910. Bred by Chas. Herring, 
Columbus, Nebr. ; sold to Henry Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, October 10, 
1911. Got by Smooth Price 153321, by Chief Price 2d 41357; dam. Big 
Mollie 391186, by Big Bone 53069. 

When the great breeding boar, A Wonder, died many wondered just 
what Fesenmeyer would select as his successor. Big Joe was purchased, 
and, without question, proved as great a breeding boar as did his 
predecessor. His sons and daughters were sought after for the leading 
herds of the country. 

Rood's Giant 149669, farrowed March 14, 1910. Bred by Fred L. 
Rood, Clearfield, Iowa; sold to E. E. Kester, Manila, Iowa, October 13, 
1910; sold to Cox & Hollinrake, Keithsburg, 111.; sold to Elmer E. Gard- 
house, Ewing, Mo. Got by King Dodo 2d 54233, by King Dodo 29307; 
dam. Miss Hadley 2d 136379, by Major R. 54194. 

Rood's Giant was one of the premier breeding boars of the breed. In 
the herds of Cox & Hollinrake and Gardhouse his greatness was demon- 
strated. He weighed over 1000 pounds in reasonable flesh. 

Adams Big Hal 196347, farrowed March 28, 1910. Bred by C. F. 
Adams, Owasa, Iowa; sold to Peter Mouw, Orange City, Iowa, November 
20, 1912; resold to E. W. Kriescher, Mount Vernon, Iowa. Got by Big 
Halvor 59789, by Long Wonder 54267; dam. Faultless 168978, by Panora 
Chief 3d 71087. 

An outstanding breeding boar that won favor through his get. In 
the herd of Kriescher his greatest work was accomplished. 

Wedd's Long King 62491, farrowed April 1, 1911. Bred by John B. 
Lawson, Clarinda, Iowa; sold in dam to Lee Gross, Union Star, Mo.; sold 
to Geo. Wedd & Son, Spring Hill, Kan., October 30, 1911. Got by Long 
King's Equal 53730, by Long King 45837; dam. Lady Jumbo 1st 111441, 
by Big Price 40066. 

Without question one of the very best breeding boars of the Long 
King family; his sons and daughters, particularly his daughters, were 
exceptional producers. 

Big Ben 208905, farrowed February 22, 1911. Bred by Chas. Herring, 
Columbus, Nebr.; sold to J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa, October 
10, 1911. Got by Smooth Price 153321, by Chief Price 2d, 41357; dam, 
Mollie Jones 5th, 300686, by Longfellow 2d 29675. 

Big Ben was the top boar of the Herring fall 1911 sale. He did great 
work in the Pfander & Sons herd, being the sire of Disher's Giant and 
Hercules that were sold at record prices as pigs. In the Pfander & Sons 
dispersion sale he was sold to H. J. Blackburn and Henry Bros., Henry, 
111., for $400, and in August, 1918, was sold to E. W. Nelson, Hannibal, 
Mo., for $700. Died June 1, 1920, age nine and one-half years. No 
greater sire was ever produced. As an individual, he was not as large 
a boar as many of his day, but after Disher's Giant and Hercules began 
to show their power as breeders, the get of Big Ben was in great demand. 

Oakland's Equal 69947, farrowed February 18, 1911. Bred by Chas. 
Herring, Columbus, Nebr.; sold to Froistad & Anderson, Newman Grove, 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AND 1915 43 

Nebr.; resold to D. R. Keifer, Mt. Carroll, 111.; resold to Bert Irwin, Mt. 
Carroll, 111. Got by Smooth Price 153321, by Chief Price 2d 41357; dam. 
Big Mollie 391186, by Big Bone 53069. 

Oakland's Equal was a full brother to Big Joe, and, in the herds of 
D. M. Keifer and Bert Irwin, he did much to help improve the breed in 
the states of Illinois, Wisconsin, and farther east. 

Big TiMM 67111, farrowed April 9, 1911. Bred by Timm Neuhofel, 
Central City, Nebr., sold to Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr., summer of 
1911. Got by the Big Orphan 63348 by Big Columbus 151313; dam. Long 
Thickset 1st 160554, by Long Wonder 54267. 

One of the greatest progenitors of his time, the blood of Big Timm 
has been popular from its conception. He was purchased by Mr. Fer- 




ipion, Nebraska, 1915. Weight 



guson, for $40, and was developed and shown, first, as a yearling, then 
as an aged boar in 1914, winning second honors, being defeated by Big 
Ursus, shown by D. C. Lonergan. In 1915, he was again shown, weighing 
1125 pounds, and was awarded the grand championship honors. He 
lived to be about nine years old and was active up to a few days before 
his death. 

Outstanding qualities as transmitted to his offspring were, strong 
feet and legs, high arch backs and longevity. 

Grand Master 67666, farrowed March 8, 1911. Bred by Peter Eller- 
broek, Sheldon, Iowa, sold in dam to Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa, re- 
sold to Peter Johnson, Gray, Iowa, September 20, 1911; sold to Chas. 
Christianson, Gray, Iowa, March 1, 1912; sold to Fred H. Hassler, Man- 
ning, Iowa, August 8, 1913; sold to W. A. Leet, Omaha, Nebr., December 
1, 1915, and resold to Osbert Allender & Sons, Mount Pleasant, Iowa. 
Got by Giant Standard 62191, by Perfect Giant 60470, dam Long Girl 2d 
152374, by A Wonder 57616. 

Grand Master first came into the limelight in 1914, when he won the 
special prize ottered by another breed exponent, for the largest boar of 
any breed on the Iowa State Fair Grounds. Grand Master weighed 1,070 
pounds the day of the weighing and exceeded by over 100 pounds his 



44 MISTOHY OF POLAND CHINA SWINR 

nearest rival. He later weighed 1,120 pounds. As a breeding boar, he 
ranked iirst class, especially as a sire of brood sows. Probably his 
greatest son was Masterpiece, the sire of the renowned Fashion Girl. 
His get have always been in demand. 




Transmitting Great 



King of Wonders 205757, farrowed February 13, 1912. Bred by J. W. 
Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa. Got by A Wonder 107353; dam. Mam- 
moth Giantess Equal 484552, by Long King's Equal 53730. 

An outstanding individual, possessing great length, height, and a 
wonderful set of feet and legs. He came nearer the type and idea of his 
breeders, than any boar on their farm. Probably his greatest son was 
King .loe 70282. As a sire of females, he could not be outclassed. 

Big Tom 196321, farrowed March 1, 1912. Bred by Thos. A. Shattuck, 
Hastings, Nebr.; sold to W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., October 15, 
1912. Got by Momentum 51021, by Pan Ex 44941; dam, Anna Belle 
111321, by Bellmetal 40388. 

Big Tom was grand champion of three state fairs. As a sire of rea- 
sonably large hogs, with lots of quality, he could not be excelled. His 
get were shipped over many states and did much to improve the breed. 

Smooth Big Bone 218543, farrowed March 30, 1912. Bred by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa; sold in dam to Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa. 
Got by Black Big Bone 179671, by Big Jones 145221; dam. Choice of 
Maids B 429170. 

The Iowa Slate Fair Grand Champion of 1914. A wonderful breed- 
ing boar, and sows bred to him commanded top prices. 

Orphan Wonder 1st 65180, farrowed March 10, 1912. Bred by Timm 
Neuhofel, Central City, Nebr.; sold to McNutt & Meese, Ord, Neb., Sep- 
tember 4, 1912. Got by The Big Orphan 63348, by Big Columbus 57162; 
dam, Uneeda Wonder 155321, by A Wonder 47460. 

While not a prize winner, yet the sire of many of the prize winners 
of the Nebraska and Kansas state fairs. His get had added length with 
great depth of body, and straight under-pinning that made them very 
popular. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AM) 1915 45 

B Wonder 7138U, farrowed March 26, 1913. Bred by Henry Fcsen- 
nieyer, Clarinda, Iowa; sold in dam to U. S. Byrne, Saxton, Mo., February 
14, 1913. Got by A Wonder 47460, by Long Wonder 44:586; dam. Pawnee 
Belle 159810, by Pawnee Wonder 60391. 

B Wonder was a larger boar than his sire A Wonder. His dam. 
Pawnee Belle, was an extremely large sow, and the litter she farrowed, 
of which B Wonder was one, sold at long prices for the time. B Wonder 
was an outstanding sire of females, and gave to the breeders of Missouri 
several great brood sows. 

Big Bob 212613, farrowed September 10, 1912. Bred by B. W. Hal- 
ford, Manning, Iowa; sold one-half interest to Fred Seivers, Audubon, 




Big Bnn 212613 
0/ the Vciy Gretiles 



->) the Last Decade 



Iowa, November 5, 1913. Got by Chief Price 2d 142861, by Longfellow 
119997; dam, B's Lady Wonder 496684, by Long Wonder 168025. 

Without a question Big Bob was one of three great progenitors of 
his day. For a number of years no boar of the breed had as many sons 
at the head of prominent herds as did Big Bob. Practically fifty per 
cent of the winnings at each fair were on his get or directly traced to 
him. He gave great depth of body, width and good feet and legs. Was 
active and in regular use, even to his death at nine years of age. 

Big Look 63604, farrowed March 2, 1912. Bred by J. C. Meese, Ord, 
Nebr.; sold to W. A. Baker & Son, Butler, Mo. Got by Big Gun 58980, 
by Dorr's Expansion 58^79; dam. Sweet Look 88713, by King Look 24459. 

Big Look was a noted show boar. He was a consistent winner, 
wherever shown. By his popularity as a winner, the Bakers sold a great 
many of his get, that aided toward breed improvement. 

LoNGi-Ei.i.ow Sampson 66636,-'f arrowed August 21, 1912. Bred by 
Williams Bros., Villisca, Iowa; sold to W. E. Williams, Silex, Mo., De- 
cember 20, 1912. Got by Big Sampsoji 58095, by Sampson 53261; dam. 
Lady Longfellow 156178, by Tccumseh Longfellow 45128. 

Longfellow Sampson used in the herd of W. E. Williams, Silex, Mo., 
did much to breed improvement in Missouri. He was an outstanding 
breeding boar, transmitting extreme size, with a reasonable finish. 



46 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Big Bob Wonder 71999, farrowed March 10, 1914. Bred by Fred Seiv- 
ers, Audubon, Iowa; sold to H. B. Walter, EfTingham, Kans., September 
30, 1914. Got by Big Bob 71984, by Chief Price 2d 48865; dam. Miss 
Orphan Wonder 171205, by Orphan Wonder 71983. 

Big Bob Wonder was the top pig of the Fred Seivers 1914 fall sale, 
selling to H. B. Walter for $350.00. The entire sale averaged $100.00. 
Big Bob Wonder was an outstanding pig, and grew to maturity accord- 
ingly. His greatest son was Caldwell's Big Bob, the world's grand cham- 
pion of 1917 National Swine show. Many of his sons and daughters 
won the leading shows and proved exceptional producers. 

Disher's Giant 240655 and Hercules 232407, farrowed February 10, 
1913. Bred by J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa. Got by Big Ben 
208905, by Smooth Price 153321 ; dam, Mammoth Giantess Equal 484552, 
by Long King's Equal 117373. 

Disher's Giant and Hercules, litter mates, were sold in August 13, 
1913, sale of J. W. Pfander & Sons, to Warren C. Disher, New Weston, 
Ohio, and L. B. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa, respectively. They were 
outstanding pigs, and competition was keen in the bidding. Top pig 
went to McClarnon at $325, and Disher paid $300. A gilt in this same 
litter, known as Mammoth Giantess Equal 13th, was retained in the 
herd, and sold in the Pfander Dispersion sale, bred to Gerstdale Jones 
244187, for $3,300, selling to Meyer Bros of Nebraska. Disher's Giant 
became the greatest progenitor of the east, and was by far the largest 
boar east of the Mississippi river. Giant Buster was probably the great- 
est son of Disher's Giant, and really awakened the interest in the breed- 
ing ability of the old boar, as the public began to pay homage to Disher 
through liberal patronage. Hercules, while not as great a breeding boar 
as his brother, sired several outstanding sons and daughters. The Giant 
248743 may be said to be his greatest son. 

Logan Price 70066, farrowed April 14, 1913. Bred by A. J. Poden- 
dorf, Logan, Iowa; sold in dam to F. Olivier & Sons, Danville, Kans. Got 
by Chief Price Again 65916, by Long Price 55289; dam, Logan Surprise 
3d 159297, by Big Orange 47982. 

Logan Price was the grand champion boar of Kansas and Oklahoma 
in 1914. He was an outstanding breeding boar, and in the herd of Olivier 
& Sons, produced a great many very choice individuals, which were sold 
by this iirm in sales as well as at the shows. The year 1915, they 
made several fairs in the south and many of the get of this boar were 
sold at that time. His sire. Chief Price Again, was a state fair winner, 
and the dam, being by Big Orange, gave the owners a good reason to 
keep the boar in their herd for several years. 

Big Hadley Jr. 240727, farrowed April 20, 1913. Bred by A. J. Erhart 
& Sons, Ness City, Kas. Got by Young Hadley 57562, by Big Hadley 
40832; dam, Tecumseh Girl 148886, by Major B. Hadley 55422. 

A line bred Hadley boar, and a breeding boar par excellence. He 
was developed by Erhart & Sons and shown at many of the southern 
fairs, where he won repeatedly. His sire before him was a champion. Big 
Hadley Jr. was the sire of the first big type sow to sell for as much as 
$1,500. His get were easily disposed of throughout the middle west. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AND 1915 47 

SuPERBA 220623, farrowed March 1, 1913. Bred by W. E. Willey, 
Steele City, Nebr. Got by Skylark 189181 ; dam, Annie Price 11th 406418. 

Superba sold at private sale to W. H. Rough, Riverside, Cal., July 7, 
1915, and was shown at the Panama Pacific exposition, San Francisco, 
winning the grand championship honors. Sows bred to this boar, and 
selling in the February, 1915, sale of W. E. Willey, made an average of 
$125. Prior to this he had been the undefeated junior champion at sev- 
eral of the 1914 state fairs. 

King Jok 70282, farrowed July 14, 1913. Bred by J. W. Pfander & 
Sons, Clarinda, Iowa. Sold to E. W. Cook, Pattonsburg, Mo., November 
20, 1913. Got by King of Wonders 65159, by A Wonder 47460; dam. Big 
Joe's Success 161833, by Big Joe 62174. 

King Joe, while not a show boar, proved one of the foremost breeding 
boars of his day. He was sold in the Cook dispersion sale for $1,250, to 
W. B. Wallace, Bunceton, Mo. The boar in Wallace's hand, made his 
greatest strides toward popularity. The boar was sold in the Wallace 
dispersion sale to Bert Harriman, Pilot Grove, Mo., for $3,500, as a 5- 
year-old. He was an extra large boar, and transmitted size to his oflf- 
spring. Through Missouri, where his influence was felt the greatest, a 
King Joe bred animal was always in demand. 

Giant Buster 240657, farrowed February 25, 1914. Bred by W. C. 
Disher, New Weston, Ohio; sold to J. W. Williams & Sons, Bryant, Ind., 
November 4, 1914; resold to Williams, Williams & Spurling, Bryant, 
Ind., November 12, 1914. Got by Disher's Giant 240655, by Big Ben 
208905; dam, Big Lil 555924, by Big Wonder 178565. 

Giant Buster, the "Epoch Maker" as he was termed after he had 
fully demonstrated his worth, was a breeder of rare ability. Perhaps 
no other boar outside of his sire, Disher's Giant, can boast of as great 
a popularity through absolute worth of production, as Giant Buster. 
He was equally as important a sire of sows as of boars, and his get were 
top sellers, even to this day. Space would not permit the enumeration 
of a list of his noted sons and daughters, or of his achievements, but 
sufficeth to say, he was truly an "Epoch Maker." 

Orange Boy 230167, farrowed April 6, 1914. Bred by A. Kool, Cor- 
dova, Iowa; sold in dam to Mark I. Shaw, Monroe, Iowa; resold to M. A. 
Dowling, Reasnor, Iowa, September 30, 1914; resold to I. J. Conrad, 
Melbourne, Iowa, September 26, 1916. Got by Kool's Orange 209749, by 
Big Orange 145509; dam, Kool's Model 514938, by Jumbo 185275. 

Orange Boy was developed by M. A. Dowling and shown by him at 
the Iowa State Fair, 1916, where he was a winner in the open class. At 
this show he was sold to I. J. Conrad for $400, a price that was quite 
high for those times. The get of Orange Boy were winners, and showed 
such evenness and type, that Conrad, a showman of some note, wanted 
the boar. The get of Orange Boy, either directly, or through his daugh- 
ters, have won the largest amount of the winnings at the Iowa State Fair 
and National Swine show for the past four years. In some respects they 
are not quite so large as other families of the breed, but they have 
ample size, and finish quickly, attaining a large weight as under year 
stuff. Orange boy is the sire of several great boars, but it is conceded, 



48 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

SO far as dollars and cents demonstrate. The Picket is probably the 
greatest, as he sold at one time for $10,000 and at another for $60,000. 

Gekstuale Jones 244187, farrowed July 15, 1914. Bred by Korver 
Bros., Alton, Iowa; sold to Gerstdale Farm, Alton, Iowa, June 22, 1915; 
sold to Peter Mouw, Orange City, Iowa, August 29, 1916; resold to Carter 
& Van Deventer, Mexico, Mo., October 4, 1917; resold to Winn Bros., 
Mexico, Mo., February 2, 1919. Got by Big Jones Again 198153, by Big 
Wonder 168195; dam. King's Maid 539060, by Iowa King 200405. 

In one of the dispersion sales of Peter Mouw, October 4, 1917, Gerst- 
dale Jones was the attracting figure. The breeders had speculated on 
what the boar would sell for, as they knew he undoubtedly would sell 
for more money than any big type boar. The boar was termed by Mouw 
as being the greatest boar he ever owned, since Chief Price. When the 
boar was sold, he had gone to a new firm, known as Carter & Van 
Deventer, Mexico, Mo., for $6,600. A great stir went over the entire 
country, as this price was considerably over anything previously sold, 
either in private or public sales. The following winter Carter & Van 
Deventer made the world's record sale on sows, bred to Gerstdale Jones, 
averaging $683. Many of the sows sold bred to Gertsdale Jones were 
purchased over the cornbelt at very good prices, and with a crop failure 
in Missouri in 1918, a called off sale of bred sows in August of 1918, plus 
financial trouble with their home bank, caused the dispersion of the 
Carter & Van Deventer herd, and Gerstdale Jones found a new home at 
the price of $2,250, selling to Winn Bros., Mexico, Mo. It might be said 
that the popularity of Gerstdale Jones rose and fell, yet no boar con- 
tributed more to the breed advancement than did this great boar. He 
was a victim of circumstances. 

. Long Jumbo 2d 74013, farrowed March 3, 1914. Bred by R. W. Hal- 
ford, Manning. Iowa, sold in dam to H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kas., Feb- 
ruary 25, 1914, sold to U. S. Byrne, Saxton, Mo., October 21, 1914. Got 
by Long Jumbo 62719, by Jumbo Prospect 54339; dam. Big Lady Won- 
der 156524, by Long Wonder 65334. 

Long Jumbo 2d was the top boar pig of the famous $1,550 litter sold 
by H. B. Walter. He sold for $370 to Byrne. In the Byrne herd this 
boar proved an unusual breeding boar, and sows that sold bred to him, 
averaged among the top selling sows of the season. He was unquestion- 
ably one of the best sow-siring boars of his time. 

Big Price 73212, farrowed March 1, 1914. Bred to T. W. Cavett, 
Phillips, Nebr.; sold to W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., October 27, 
1915. Got by Long Price 70018, by Chief Price Again 2d 69152; dam, 
Giantess 140218, by Cloverdale Hadley 51814. 

Big Price was an unusually large yearling, weighing 640 pounds, as 
a short yearling, with a 9y2-inch bone. He was an attractive boar, win- 
ning first in class at the Nebraska Slate fair in 1915, and grand champion 
at the Kansas State fair! On October 27, 1915, during the annual fall 
sale of T. W. Cavett, the boar \\as looked owv very carefully by W. J. 
Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., a showman of some note. He oft'ered 
Mr. Cavett $1,000 for the boar, and after some consideration, the otfer 
was accepted. The papers gave some space to the sale, even to the re- 



PROMINENT BOARS BKTWEEN 1910 AM) 191.-) 49 

production of the check, given in payment. Big Price went on as a 
show boar, and won many times in the shows of the north. 

The Giant 72083, farrowed March 1, 1914. Bred by L. R. McClarnon, 
Braddyviiie, Iowa; sold in dam to W. G. Lockridge, Fayette, Mo., Feb- 
ruary 19, 1914; sold to Winn Bros., May, 1919. Got by Hercules 68356, 
by Big Ben 61935; dam. Colossal Giantess 166209, by Colossal 58180. 

The Giant demonstrated his ability as a producer and won fame. 
He was the grand champion boar of Missouri State fair in 1915, and 
later went on to the National Swine show in 1916, and won third place, 
being sick during most of the show. He weighed over 1100 pounds, 




and was a breeding boar par excellence. His get, both sows and boars, 
have been among the top sellers of the country; as a sow sire he ranked 
first. Space would not permit to give an enumeration of the splendid 
get of this great boar. He was sold with the entire herd of W. G. Lock- 
ridge, to Winn Bros., Mexico, Mo., in May, 1919. 

SuRPRisK Prospect 244191. farrowed March 12, 1914. Bred by E. 
Gritters, Perkins, Iowa; sold in dam to Wm. Scholten, Alton, Iowa; 
resold to Bloemcndaal Bros., Alton, Iowa, September 25, 1914; resold to 
I. B. Morgan, Galveston, Ind., February 20, 1916; resold to W. C. Gambel, 
Noblesville, Ind.; resold to Wilvcr Dell Farm, St. Joseph, Mo., June, 
1918; resold to Sparta Farm, St. Joseph, Mo., January 22, 1920. 

Surprise Prospect was formerly known as Long Wonder. He did a 
great service in the herd of the Bloemendaal Brothers, and later in the 
herd of W. C. Gambel. It was his great ability as a sire that attracted 
the Wilver Dell Farms. Surprise Prospect is the sire of the ■'[;10,200 
(the first boar to reach such a price). Col. Jack and of Greene's Long 
Prospect, and various other noted animals. He sold to Gambel for 
$1,000, to Wilver Dell Farm for .t;l,500, and to Sparta Farm for !{!2,500. 

Long Big Bone 227069, farrowed February 2, 1914. Bred by C. R. 
Jones, Henry, 111.; sold to Fred Scivcrs, Audubon, Iowa, October 15. 
1914. Got by Black Big Bone 179671, by Big Jones 14.')221 : dam. Mouw's 
Lucy 450688, by Big Jumbo 153879. 



50 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Long Big Bone, the first prize aged boar at the Iowa State fair, 1916, 
and the grand champion of the First National Swine show, 1916, was an 
extremely large boar, weighing officially 1115 pounds. President Wil- 
son, on his visit to the National Swine show, personally inspected this 
boar. As a breeding boar, he was not the equal of other great boars, in 
the Seivers herd, but was the sire of a few very prominent breeding 
boars. He was later sold to Chas. Herring, Columbus, Nebr., and Mr. 
Herring made several good sales through his influence. Long Big Bone 
was a litter brother of Black Big Bone 2d 227071, the Iowa 1915 grand 
champion, winning as a junior yearling, in one of the strongest shows 
of the breed. 

Mankato Wonder or Korver's Orange Wonder 245891, farrowed Feb- 
ruary 1, 1914. Bred by L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa; sold to J. 
M. Peery, Alvord, Iowa, September 7, 1914; resold to Lasby & Rose, 
Mankato, Minn., November 15, 1915; resold to Korver Bros., Alton, Iowa. 
Got by Big Orange 145509, by Orange Chief 82233; dam, Topsy 492666, 
by A Wonder 107353. 

As far as the changing of names, this Boar had at least three names, 
but was known better by Mankato Wonder, and in the herd of Lasby & 
Rose made his influence felt throughout the entire northwest. He was 
sold to Korver Bros., Alton, Iowa, in 1918, and under the name of Kor- 
ver's Orange Wonder, did much to bring new trade to this firm. Man- 
kato Wonder was a full brother to Mc's Big Orange, the sire of The 
Pilot and the Yankee. The best sons of Mankato Wonder were the 
Rainbow, used in the herd of R. C. Henry, Sheldon, Iowa, and Imperator 
290867, used in the herd of R. W. Halford, Manning, Iowa. 

Mc's Big Orange 293865 A, 76952 S, farrowed September 2, 1914. 
Bred by L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa. Got by Big Orange 145509, 
by Orange Chief 82233; dam, Topsy 492666, by A Wonder 107353. 

Mc's Big Orange proved to be one of the greatest progenitors of the 
breed. He was a combined product of two of the breed's greatest boars 
— Big Orange and A Wonder. His get were in demand, especially after 
his son. The Pilot, had been made the grand champion boar of the 
world, at the National Swine show, 1919, and another son. The Yankee, 
had been sold to W. H. Ellsworth, Goldfield, Iowa, for $40,000. While 
they were popular for the above reasons, yet like their sire, they were 
great breeding boars. 

Severe's Big Timm 252065 A, 78425 S, farrowed September 6, 1914. 
Bred by Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr.; sold to Fred L. Rood, Clear- 
field, Iowa, October 14, 1915; resold to A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1916; resold to R. A. Welch, Red Oak, Okla., August 1, 1917; 
resold to Mooreland Stock Farm, Keota, Okla., March, 1918. Got by 
Big Timm 190903, by The Big Orphan 171013; dam. Susan 2d 468926, by 
Long Boy 139597. 

While in the herd of A. D. Severe, Severe's Big Timm, made an 
enviable record, which attracted R. A. Welch, of Oklahoma, who was 
then establishing one of the greatest herds in the south. He had pre- 
viously purchased two record price boars, both being pigs, paying for 
Buster's Giant, by Giant" Buster, .$2,000, and for Chief Defender's. Choice, 
by Chief Defender, $2,250. For Severe's Big Timm, he paid' $2,500, 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1910 AND 1915 51 

which created quite a stir among Poland Chinadom. Sows bred to 
Severe's Big Timm in the Welch herd made a record average of $427, 
and Severe made an average of $836.50 on boars by Severe's Big Timm, 
seUing the Chancellor for $5,500. Severe's Big Timm was by the 1125- 
pound grand champion, Big Timm, and was a htter mate to Fessy's Timm 
256027. 

Denny's Giant 268493 A, farrowed October 2, 1914. Bred by Warren 
C. Disher, New Weston, Ohio; sold to George M. Denny, Wilmington, 
Ohio, November 4, 1915. Got by Disher's Giant 240655, by Big Ben 
208905; dam, Big Lil 55924, by Big Wonder 178565. 

Denny's Giant was a full brother to Giant Buster. His abiUty as a 
breeder brought him fame among Poland China men of the east. Later 
his sons were purchased by the western producers, and wherever you 
found one, he was usually a very good one. He was the sire of Mountain 
Giant, that was conceded to be about the nearest to perfection in Poland 
China swine. Mountain Giant was sold to Meyer Bros., of Nebraska, 
and later died, without giving much use to his purchasers. 

Fessy's Timm 256027, farrowed September 6, 1914. Bred by Wm. 
Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr.; sold to H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, Sep- 
tember 10, 1915. Got by Big Timm 190903, by the Big Orphan 171013; 
dam, Susan 2d 468926, by Long Boy 139597. 

Fessy's Timm was purchased by H. Fesenmeyer at the Nebraska 
State fair, after the pig had won the junior championship of the show. 
He was outstanding and with the publicity which only Fesenmeyer 
could give, the boar readily found favor among Fesenmeyer's sale 
crowds. Sows bred to this champion sold at good prices. Like his 
great sire, Big Timm, the boar proved a great progenitor. He was a 
litter mate to Severe's Big Timm 252065. 

Big Price's Equal 265269, farrowed March 23, 1915. Bred by T. W. 
Cavett, Phillips, Nebr. ; sold to J. D. Brierbower, Phillips, Nebr., Febru- 
ary 1, 1916; sold to Kritzeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn., October 26, 
1916. Got by Big Quahty 247167, by Chief Price Again 2d 170067; dam. 
Big Lady 607674, by Long Price 228245. 

Big Price's Equal was a show and breeding boar. He won many 
grand championship honors, and stood first at the 1918 National Swine 
show.* 

Big Square Jumbo 258589, farrowed September 9, 1915. Bred by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa; sold to E. C. Caverly, Toulon, 111., August 31, 
1916; sold a one-half interest to J. E. Meharry, Tolon, 111., February 14, 
1918. Got by Mouw's Square Jones 231299, by Black Big Jumbo 195505; 
dam, Mouw's Lady 13th 536510, by Black Big Jumbo 195505. Big Square 
Jumbo was one of the largest boars of his time, also a wonderful breed- 
ing boar. Many of his get were winners in the big shows of the country. 
He transmitted the great size to his offspring. 

Other great boars deserving much credit for their part in the breed's 
improvement and advancement: 

Long Wonder 169495, Big Knox 155031, Hather's Big Orphan 227033, 
Black Big Wonder 220999, Black Jumbo 221231, Bloemendaal's Big 
Chief 230119, McGath's Big Orphan 221635, Adams Big Bone 226123, 
Titanic Giant 310491, and Long Wonder 2d 288537. 



CHAPTER X 

Prominent Boars Between 1915 to 1920 

r ROM the chapter just prior, "Prominent Boars From 1910 to 1915," 
one is undoubtedly enthused with the rapid strides of progress of the 
Poland China as a breed, and agreeably surprised at the commonplace 
activities toward such progress. In other words, the advancement of 
the breed was through little efforts of the promoters toward a clamoring 
for high prices. 

The continued exhibiting of the superior types at the leading shows 
brought out several boars and sows that began early to make breed 
history. It was in the fall of 1915, that W. J. Graham of Minnesota paid 
$1,000 cash for Big Price 73212, the first prize yearling of Nebraska and 
grand champion of Kansas. He also paid Thos. A. Shattuck $500 for a 
gilt. These prices rather spurred up auctions throughout the middle 
west and bred sows sales in the winter of 1916 averaged considerably 
more than a year previous. 

The coming of the National Swine show, the first show being in 
Omaha, Nebr., fall of 1916, instilled new life and energy in the entire 
hog business. Hogs were selling on the local market, February, 1916, 
at $7.07, and each month became a little stronger, rising to $23.00, in 
July, 1919. 

The sales of 1917 established many record sale averages, and indi- 
vidual animals commanded higher prices than had ever been dreamed 
of. The sale of Gerstdale Jones by Peter Mouw attracted considerable 
speculation, but even the wildest dreams did not place the sale price 
of the boar beyond $5,000, but he sold for $6,600. From this sale breed- 
ers began to talk in larger figures. The local market conditions were 
stronger, justifying an advance in the market of pure breds. The bred 
sow sale of Carter & Van Deventer, February, 1918, the owners of Gerst- 
dale Jones, set a new record, sows averaging $683 per head, with a top 
of $2,500. Many of the leading breeders of the entire country were 
present and bought. 

Breeders were somewhat used to matured hogs bringing good prices, 
but when, on July 1. 1918, $3,000 was paid by L. H. Glover, Grandview, 
Mo., for the six months old boar pig Liberator, a new thrill was experi- 
enced, which really became a great impetus to the breed. Col. Jack, 
after winning first in the aged class at the Iowa State fair, 1918, was 
sold at public auction in the Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa, September, 
1918, sale, to Paul Wagner, Norfolk, Nebr.. for $10,200. Speculation 
had it the boar would bring $10,000. and a great crowd of breeders 
wore present to sec the first boar to connnand so large a price, and they 
were not disappointed. 

On November 16, 1918, L. H. Glover made a record sale, selling ten 
of the most prominent gilts and yearlings bred to the sensational Liber- 



PROMINENT BOAHS BETWEEN ]<)15 AND 1!)20 53 

ator. The fall sales for the most part were not up to normal, due to a 
severe siege of influenza over the length and breadth of the United 
States. Many sales were called off", and others forced to withdraw, 
especially those booked to be held in a town, as local authorities had 
demanded all public gatherings to be discontinued, through fear of 
spreading the awful disease. 

January, 1919, bred sow sales started off with a great deal of enthu- 
siasm. Wni. Green, Algona, Iowa, made a record sale on sows, bred 
to Evolution, making an average of over $700. This record held only a 
few days, when L. H. Glover sold forty sows bred to Liberator for an 
average of -^813. Sales of from $200 to 700 were common, records being 
smashed every few weeks. 

The summer sales of 1919 started with the sale of Mabel's Jumbo 
244031. Speculation had it that an attempt would be made to sell this 
boar for more money than any Poland China boar had ever brought, 
which would be in excess of $15,000, the price paid for the Clansman 




Columbian Giant 374229 
Shou'inn Extreme Size and Wonderful Conformation. One of a Litter 
ars That Attracted National Comment. Sold for 120,000 

by Win. Wrigley, Jr., Lake Geneva, Wis. After a price of nearly 
$15,000, on the boar in direct competitive bids, some of the breeders 
who were UMable to buy the boar, made counter offers to buy breeding 
privileges at $500 each, if the boar sold for more money than any other 
boar. A canvass of the crowd was taken and 23 sows were volunteered 
to be delivered, the sellers, Halford & Hassler, agreeing to deliver ten. 
This sale brought out a great deal of criticism, especially from the breed 
journals, and the editors took the breeders to task for sales that were 
otherwise than sane and sensible wherein the breeder tried to feature 
the price paid rather than the merits oi' the animals. Evolution, the 
boar with which Wm. Greene made a record sale, was sold for $25,200, 
but the sale was not taken seriously by a vast majority of the breeders. 

The sales of litters by Liberator were among the record selling sales 
of the entire country, during the fall of 1919. The October sale of L. H. 



54 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Glover resulted in an average of over $1,200 per head, which was another 
record breaker for sale averages. Harrison's Big Bob sold to C. C. 
Potter, Pattonsburg, Mo., for $10,100, and Wonder Buster sold to Head & 
Gray, Palmyra, Mo., for $10,200. Sheldon Wonder sold to Harry Uitten- 
bogaard, Sheldon, Iowa, for $10,000. Designer, a litter brother of Lib- 
erator, sold November 6, 1919, to D. C. Lonergan & Sons, Florence, Nebr., 
for $30,000. Wm. Ferguson, the seller, making a January sale with sows 
bred to this boar, averaging $1,155, and Lonergan & Sons, made a Janu- 
ary 17th sale with sows bred to the same boar, resulting an average over 
$1,300. 

January 19, 1920, was a memorable day, when thirty-six head of sows 
catalogued in the L. H. Glover sale sold, bred to Liberator, for an aver- 
age of $3,112. Fashion Girl, the dam of Liberator and Designer, as well 
as a host of other noted sons and daughters, sold for the record price 
of $17,200, to F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo. This sale was fol- 
lowed by a night sale, Winn & Moore, Randolph Mo., selling forty sows, 
bred to Revelation and Emancipator, for an average of over $1,400. 
Model Giantess 3rd sold in this sale, bred to Liberator, for $11,300, going 
to Colvert Bros., Oxford, Ind. 

Other notable sales between the fall of 1919 and summer of 1920, 
were as follows: 

The Pickett selling to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, for $10,000 
and free service fees to thirty sows. Later the sale of this boar to Tow 
Bros., Norway, Iowa, with a herd of sows, for $104,000, wherein The 
Picket was hsted as selling for $60,000. 

The Yankee selling to W. H. Ellsworth, Goldfield, Iowa, for $40,000. 
Dunndale Pilot selling to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, for $50,000. 

The Rainbow, by The Yankee, selling to H. M. Menough, Grimes, 
Iowa, for $25,000. 

Checkers, by Checkmaker, selling to Jim Bloemendaal, Alton, Iowa, 
for $20,000. 

Countersign, by Designer, selling to Williams Bros., Villisca, Iowa, 
for $12,000. 

Passport selling to Arlington Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., for $10,000. 

Many pigs selling at prices of $500 to $5,000, both boars and gilts. 
Litters selling from $2,000 to $23,000. 

By May and June of 1920, many had begun to prophesy "something is 
going to happen," yet none were able to tell when it would begin or 
under what form. The price of hogs on the open market was strong, 
and the outlook for a crop better than in years. The annual boar 
specials of the breed papers were larger than any preceding year, con- 
taining the advertisements of the many breeders clamoring for recog- 
nition. Some using as many as ten and twelve pages in a single issue. . 

During this time L. H. Glover and Frank D. Winn made a trip 
through Iowa and located a litter of extra large boars, known after- 
wards as Grant's Great Giant, Peter the Great, Columbian Giant, D's 
Big Jones and K's Big Jones. Mr. Glover purchased a one-half interest 
in Peter the Great, and F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, purchased Co- 
lumbian Giant, for $20,000. The new find was advertised as "out-cross" 
blood, and rather bewildered the public, as many mistook Mr. Glover's 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 55 

intentions, tliinking that he had thrown Liberator down, and they, with 
sons and daughters of the boar, depending on him to push the boar 
on to even greater heights, were left with high-priced animals on hands 
with which to try and realize a profit. Messrs. Winn and Glover pur- 
chased a number of sows, the get of these boars, and sold them at public 
auction in Kansas City, Mo., September 7, 1920, reahzing but a fair 
profit. Another sale, mixed with several of their own breeding, were 
sold on the Iowa state fair grounds during the week of the National 
Swine show in October. Several of the Iowa breeders took exception 
to the sale being staged so far away from the home of the sellers, and 
against what several said was an over-advertising of some of the entries 
catalogued. So incensed were a few of the breeders that they showed 
their disapproval, in the purchase of Lot 38, a yearling boar by the 
name of Real Good, a son of Grant's Great Giant, and after taking 
to the farm of one of the breeders had him castrated. While the foot- 




LiBERATOR Buster 375555 

By Liberator 98965 Out of Buster's Best em'^ .First Prize Junior Yearling, National 

Swine Show, mO. Wei'jht at This Shoxo, 770 Pounds 

note of the boar did not qualify in the detail, yet it did not merit the 
"school kid" antics of the breeders, which undoubtedly had an influence 
for bad on the breed, as promoters of competitive breeds used the dem- 
onstration as a joke to the detriment of the best interests of the breed. 
The farther away the breeder, who was unable to get the details, the 
more alarming and far from the truth, the stories. 

The entire country was blessed with the greatest crops of all kinds 
in its history. Technically, the United States was still at war with 
Germany and her allies. Exports on pork products, that many had 
claimed would be shipped, fell short of 1919 by the equivalent of six 
and one-half million hogs. The local markets, ranging with $23 pork 
in July and August, 1919, and prices from i^\5A0 to $16.15 for the first 
eight months of 1920, sent hogs to $17.80 in September, due to the tre- 
mendous shortage of hogs to reach the markets of our country. In 
October the highest price paid was $15.60 and from then on the market 
went tumbling, reaching the low level of $8.75 in December. The great 



5C HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

slump that occurred in prices in the face of reduced receipts was chiefly 
attributable to the general downward movement in markets for all 
conmaodities retlecting the reaction from war inflation. Restricted 
money for feeding investment, as well as for pure bred live stock, and 
every other line of industry, became a stern reality, forcing the breed- 
ers and producers to accept prices for their output considerably below 
cost. 

The result was, that at the close of 1920, and the winter of 1921, but 
few sales were held, advertising and sale expenses cut, and those who 
had to sell, taking a loss that in some cases was staggering, but the 
faith of the breeders in keeping or buying the best that were offered 
for sale, was sure and steadfast. The inferior boar or sow, that because 
of a good pedigree was used for their popularity, found their way to 
the feeding pens and stock yards. An abundance of feed, but no price 
for it on the markets, corn selling at 40 to 60 cents, per bushel, corn- 
huskers demanding 8 to 12 cents per bushel to put it in the cribs, caused 
many of the breeders to turn their hogs in the fields. The farmers, 
many not having a single hog on their farms, due to the extreme prices 
for market hogs, took advantage of the slump in prices of pure breds, 
and purchased the majority of the breeders' output during the late 
fall of 1920, and the bred sow sales of 1921. The money .situation, while 
serious, credit could be obtained by those worthy of such, especially 
the farmer. 

The terms for pure bred sales became quite a serious question, dur- 
ing the winter of 1921. Breeders took pride in the fact that they were 
selling strictly for cash, but as there was a limited amount of money 
with which to pay cash, then \\'hat should be done regarding the giving 
of notes: Who were worthy, and who should not be allowed credit. 
Among the more peculiar terms, was the payment of one-third cash, the 
balance on nine months' time at the prevailing rate of interest {6% to 
8%), secured by an insurance ])olicy on a "named" company. Some ad- 
vertised 30% cash, balance, nine to twelve months, and others adver- 
tised strictly cash. 

Irrespective of the many vicissitudes of the Poland China breeder 
during 1920 and 1921. the years of 1915 to 1920 were the greatest years 
of prosperity ever enjoyed in a similar period. While prices in some 
instances were beyond the value of the animals, yet we are prone to 
say that the failure to own a really good herd boar has put more men 
out of business than ever did the purchase of boars at prices that 
were too high. Many men purchased and paid for good farms, im- 
proved and bettered their farming and breeding operations; built good 
roads, churches and schools and in general raised the standards of living. 
The Poland China as a breed was looked up to as the banner hog of 
the world, possessing more size, an abundance of quality, and a superior 
feeder. May those in the years to come, who have in charge her destiny, 
look well to the denumds of the farmer and feeder, keeping in mind the 
necessity of a meat producing animal that will grow to any size desired, 
retaining the superior flesluning (jualitiis. reaching the markets in 
the shortest i)ossible liiiu> on a given amount of grain. 

For your infonnation, we lierewith list a few of the many boars, 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 57 

who, because of their superior breeding, helped make possible the 
enviable position the breed now occupies. 

Caldwell's Big Bob 272689. farrowed February 16, 1915. Bred by 
H. B. Walter, EtTingham, Kans.; sold to Fred B. Caldwell, Howard, 
Kans., October, 1915. Got by Big Bob Wonder 252987, by Big Bob 212613; 
dam, Expansive Belle 598822, by Expansive 148117. 

Perliaps no boar has created a more lasting impression than has the 
immortal Caldwell's Big Bob. Possessed with a wonderful vitality, 
and endowed with a tremendous frame, under the careful handling of 
Fred B. Caldwell, this great boar became the largest yearling ever 
shown, weighing close to 1,000 pounds as a yearling. At the first Na- 
tional Swine show he made a close race for grand championship honors 
and many favored him for that honor, but he was awarded the reserve 
championship honors. Coming back in even greater form the next 
year, 1917, he easily won the coveted purple ribbon. His official weight 
was 1,122 pounds. Caldwell paid a record price for the pig, $230, and 
turned down after the first show at the National Swine show in 1916. 
a cash offer of $2,500. The boar was a winner wherever shown, and 
for a number of years after his winning the 1917 world's show he was 
shown by Caldwell at the head of the aged herd. His get were in 
demand for a number of years, and as a sire, ranked among the best. 
The following year after his winning the world's greatest honors, his 
get "cleaned up" the 1918 world's show. 

W's Giant 251175, farrowed "March 1, 1915. Bred by W. C. Disher, 
New Weston, Ohio, sold to C. D. Wellington, Clymers, Ind., November 
4, 1915; resold to W. C. Disher, June 20, 1917; resold to Sol. L. Leonard, 
St. Joseph, Mo., April 17, 1918. Got by Disher's Giant 240655, by Big 
Ben 208905; dam. Lady Big Crow 541824, by Big Crow 162503. 

W's Giant became famous in the herd of Sol. L. Leonard. Leonard 
was attracted to the boar through the get, as exhibited by C. D. WeUing- 
ton. His offspring were of large frame, and when grown out made extra 
large animals. Among the very best animals exhibited at the fairs 
through central west were by W's Giant, and breeders began to buy his 
get. Mary Pickford and Melba, Hercules Girl 4th and various other 
females that made breed history were by him, as well as many prom- 
inent herd boars. Sows bred to W's Giant were among the top sellers 
of the west. He has given much to the breed in the way of size, good 
feet, and constitution. At five years of age, he weighed close to 1,100 
pounds, stood 44 inches tall, and was very active. 

Bridges Bob Wonder 271117 A, 76481 S, farrowed March 15, 1915. 
Bred by H. B. Walter. Effingham, Kans.; sold in dam to Bridges Bros.. 
Slater, Mo. Got by Big Bob Wonder 252987, by Big Bob 212613; dam. 
Lady H. 619348, by Moore's Halvor 175421. 

Bridges Bob Wonder, a half brother to the grand champion, Cald- 
well's Big Bob 272689, was in a measure the image of his half brother. 
He was a very large boar, broad and deep, with an abundance of vigor, 
and was the grand champion boar of the Missouri State fair, 1917. A 
number of his sons found their way into prominent herds, yet his great- 
est abiUty was as a producer of females. 

Big Fred 272201 A, 76960 S, farrowed March 10, 1915. Bred by Fred 



58 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Seivers, Audubon, Iowa; sold to Williams Bros., Villisca, Iowa, Septem- 
ber 24, 1915. Got by Big Bob 212613, by Chief Price 2d 142861 ; dam, Big 
Wonder's Model 515660, by Big Wonder 160349. 

In the herd of Williams Bros., Big Fred became one of the breed's 
leading sires of outstanding good sows. As a sire of boars he was over- 
shadowed by other sons of Big Bob. 

Chief Defender 257785, farrowed March 3, 1915, bred by E. C. 
Caverly, Toulon, 111.; sold to J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., October 11, 
1916. bot by Mouw's Chief 179665, by Chief Price 158937; dam, Braddy 
D, 520256, by Big Defender 182887. 

One of the greatest progenitors of his time. Chief Defender may be 
classed. He was the sire of the $2,250 Chief Defender's Choice that 
was the record untried pig of his day, selling to R. A. Welch of Okla- 
homa. A litter mate to the Welch boar was Big Improver, purchased 
by R. W. Halford of Iowa for $1,350. This boar was grand champion 
Iowa State fair in 1918, and a litter sister. Liberty, was grand champion 
female of Illinois, the same year. Many other animals of note were 
the oti'erings of this great boar. 

Mabel's Jumbo 244031, farrowed April 27, 1915. Bred by E. S. Bab- 
cock, Manning, Iowa; sold in dam to A. A. Chantland, Badger, Iowa; 
resold to F. H. Hassler and R. W. Halford, Manning, Iowa, November 
25, 1918. Got by Long Jumbo 211307, by Jumbo's Prospect 173435; dam, 
Mabel Tecumseh 561682, by Mabel's Wonder 168019. 

Mabel's Jumbo was one of the largest boars ever produced. In the 
herd of A. A. Chantland, he became famous as a sire of extraordinary 
large females, and his service was at a time when a great deal was said 
about extreme size in sows, and a big demand for them. He was sold 
to Hassler & Halford, who used him a short time, and sold him in their 
combination sale, August, 1919, selling for $18,000, to Henry Hay of 
Illinois, after twenty-three sows had agreed to be delivered for service 
to the boar, at $500 each. The sellers agreeing to deliver ten. The sale 
was not satisfactory, as many of the breeders over the country, resented 
the otherwise than straight sales on the hog's merits. However, the 
first sale of bred sows in the Hay herd, was entirelj^ satisfactory. Mabel's 
Jumbo was shown at the National Swine show in 1918, and while he did 
not win first, he won many warm admirers. 

Big Bone Leader 244237, farrowed April 6, 1915. Bred by J. L. Gut- 
shall, Sheffield, 111.; sold in dam to G. E. Petty, Versailles, Mo. Got by 
Chief Leader 228209, by Giant Leader 2d 201567; dam. Model Big Bone 
1st 546098, by Smooth Big Bone 196427. 

Big Bone Leader came into his greatest popularity in 1918, when he 
won the grand championship honors at the Missouri State fair, and was 
turned down to second place at the National Swine show. Many of 
the breeders attending this show had selected him as the winner of his 
class, and quite a protest was made by them. At the next two sales, a 
boar and bred sow sales, many of his get were sold over the entire 
country. As a breeding boar he was not a producei- of extreme type 
stuft", and for that reason, the majority of breeders detnanding extreme- 
ness, the next season found his popularity waning. He died June 11, 
1920. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 59 

Buster Over 275555 A, 91806 S, farrowed May 26, 1915. Bred by J. W. 
Williams & Sons, Thornton, Ind.; sold to C. D. Wellington, Clymer, Ind., 
November 3, 1915; resold to Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind., July 2, 
1917; resold to Wilver Dell Farm, St. Joseph, Mo., September, 1917; sold 
to Willis & Blough, Emporia, Kans., May 25, 1918. Got by Giant Buster 
240677, by Disher's Giant 240655; dam. Miss Longfellow 605484, by 
Longfellow's Equal 235957. 

Buster Over first came into note in 1917, when he won the grand 
championship at the Indiana State fair. Mr. Moore of the Wilver Dell 
Farm was present at the show and gave $2,000 for Buster Over and 
Indiana Giantess 561854, the grand champion female of the same show. 
This created a great deal of enthusiasm among breeders of the east, as 
the animals were worth the advance price paid. Buster Over was later 
sold to Willis & Blough of Kansas for $3,000. He was a wonderful sire, 
transmitting great substance to his offspring; even to this day, his get 
are winners at many of the big shows. In ordinary flesh he weighed 
1,000 pounds or more. 

Long Joe 265521, farrowed August 20, 1915. Bred by I. M. Kyhl, Sa- 
bula, Iowa, sold to H. L. Pritchett, New London, Mo., March 8, 1917. Got 
by King Joe 219669, by Big Joe 200767; dam. Wonder Maid 579450, by 
Black Chief 154249. 

No boar in recent years has lent more to type with uniformity than 
did Long Joe. He was a wonderfully neat trimmed boar, stylish to the 
last degree, and was a breeding boar of unusual merit. His get were 
sought for two years after his death, which came early in 1919. His 
sire. King Joe, was not the King Joe of Missouri, as he was by King of 
Wonders, and not Big Joe. 

Big Bob 2d 101125 N, farrowed March 5, 1916. Bred by Fred Seivers, 
Audubon, Iowa; sold to W. C. Disher, New Weston, Ohio; sold to F. W. 
Schumm, Rockford, Ohio, November 3, 1916; sold to G. M. Stadelman 
Farms, Hartville, Ohio, June 1, 1920. Got by Big Bob 212613, by Chief 
Price 2d 142681 ; dam. Smooth Maid 565946, by Smooth Big Bone 218543. 

Big Bob 2d, another great son of a great breeding boar, established 
himself in the annals of breed improvement, as a sire of outstanding 
females. His get were the foundation of many of the leading young 
herds of 1919 and 1920. In the herd of W. C. Disher he did not begin 
to show his real worth; F. W. Schumm developed the boar and mated 
him to several choice sows, and disseminated the descendants. 

F's Big Jones 320555 A, farrowed February 20, 1916. Bred by Gerst- 
dale, Alton, Iowa; sold to M. P. Hancher, Rolfe, Iowa, September 2, 
1916; sold to Henry Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, February 27, 1917. 
Got by Gerstdale Jones 244187, by Big Jones Again 198153; dam, Gerst- 
dale Queen 544980, by Gerstdale Price 210631. 

F's Big Jones and a litter mate purchased by M. P. Hancher. Sol. 
Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo., purchased Big Jones on August 23, 1916, and it 
was at the Leonaiai sale that Fesenmeyer and H. B. Walter, Effingham, 
Kans., decided th^ would like a boar by Gerstdale Jones, if they could 
get one as good As Big Jones. Through some misunderstanding both 
men got a price on the better boar of the two, left in the herd of Han- 
cher. After much argument, Fesenmeyer got Hancher's Big Orange, 



GO HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

and later changed his name to F's Big Jones. The boar purchased by 
Walter did not live long. F"s Big Jones was prominent more because of 
Fesenmeyer's reputation, until the fall of 1919, when the boar won grand 
championship at the Iowa State fair, and several of his get winning in 
the same show. This started considerable demand for F's Big Jones' 
get, and a few months later, the great litter known as Preston's Giantess' 
litter, comprising Grant's Great Giant, G's Big Jones (later known as 
Peter, the Great); Columbian Giant, K's Big Jones, and D's Big Jones, 
were discovered. From this time forward, the get of F's Big Jones was 
in great demand. Like his litter brother. Big Jones, he was an out- 
standing breeding boar. The junior champion boar at the 1919 Iowa 
State show, Bernice Jones, afterwards known as Checktaker, became 
very famous as a breeding boar. Sons of Big Jones 276531 were also 
good producers, but he was more favorably known as a sire of sows. 

Giant Timm 264265, farrowed MarcTi 11, 1916. Bred by Wm. Fer- 
guson, Scribner, Nebr. ; sold in dam to H. A. Overton & Sons, Knoxville. 
Iowa; sold to S. M. Sommers, Hooppole, 111., September 21, 1916, sold to 
Heart of America Farm, Kansas City, Mo., Februarj', 1920. Got by Big 
Timm 190903, by The Big Orphan 171013; dam. Giant's Princess 530492, 
by Nebraska Giant 199749. 

As a breeding boar. Giant Timm was considered one of the very best 
boars east of the Mississippi river. In 1918, he was shown at the Na- 
tional Swine show and won third in the largest class of aged boars ever 
shown. His sons and daughters were in the leading herds of the Mis- 
sissippi valley. Tolono Timm, the winner of many royal ribbons in 
the big shows of the corn belt, was without a question his greatest pro- 
duction. 

The Clansman 306669 A, 103393, farrowed March 20, 1916. Bred by 
J. J. Kramer, Sheldon, Iowa: sold to Harry Uittenbogaard, Sheldon, 
Iowa, February 20, 1917; resold to F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa, August 
18, 1917; resold to Silverbrook Farm, Muncie, Ind., September 14, 1917; 
sold to Wm. Wrigley, Jr., Lake Geneva, Wis., August 5, 1919. Got by 
Grand Big Orphan 2519923, by Grand Master 183879; dam, Kramer's 
Kind 592374, by Right Kind 197975. 

Perhaps no boar became so popular in so short a time as did this 
great boar. The Clansman. When sold by Hassler to the Silver Brook 
Farm, no special significance was attached to the sale, other than the 
price, which was |1,500. He had not at that time produced anything to 
make him great, but, when L. H. Glover purchased Liberator, a 6- 
months-old pig by The Clansman, for .f3,000 cash, a great move was 
made toward the popularity of The Clansman. Boars by The Clans- 
man could not be raised fast enough, and many of the sons sold at long 
prices. Wm. Wrigley, Jr.. had been trying to secure the most popular 
boar of the breed, and tinally purchased The Clansman, paying .$15,000. 
The boar quickly made this back for Wrigley, Jr., in the following two 
sales. Pcrhai)s no boar ever iuul more sons at the head of prominent 
herds, throughout the length and breadth of the country, than did The 
Clansman. His get were of the great, stretchy, high-off-of-the-ground 
variety, and were known for their nervousness. Among the top selling 
litters of the breed were i)v The Clansman. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AM) 1920 Gl 

RuMHLE's Wonder 260899, farrowed March 3, 1916. Bred by W. J. 
Webster, Cresco, Iowa; sold to D. A. Rumple, Geneva, Ind., September 
28, 1916. Got by Wonder All 227799, by Wonder's King 216403; dam, 
Fesenmeyer's Lady 528724, by A Wonder 107353. 

Among the leading breeding boars of the east was Rmiiple's Wonder. 
For the most part it can be said he was an out-cross of the more or less 
popular strains of his day, and his get mated extremely well with either. 
Like his grandsire on the dam side, old A Wonder, Rumple's Wonder 
bred a massive hog with quality, short legs and considerable width of 
body. 

Wisconsin Orange 282865, farrowed August 19, 1916. Bred by M. A. 
Dowling, Reasnor, Iowa; sold to J. C. Hendricks, Hazel Green, Wis., 
January 1, 1917. Got by Orange Boy 230167, by Kool's Orange 209749; 
dam. Big Wonder 597592, by Big Victor 130559. 

Wisconsin Orange proved to be a great breeding boar, siring several 
outstanding breeding boars, as well as great brood sows. Model Orange, 
purchased by Monroe McCoy & Son at a long price and later sold to 
R. A. Welch of Oklahoma for 5^7,500, was one of his great sons. 

Big Bone Model 331643, farrowed January 15, 1917. Bred by Jones & 
Pike, Centerville, Ind.; sold to B. F. Reynolds, Ft. Jennings, Ohio, 
October 17, 1917. Got by Fair Big Bone 244531, by Wonder's Big Bone 
189003; dam. Model Maid's Best 590466, by Giant Defender 210937. 

Big Bone Model was the sire of several outstanding breeding boars. 
Through his get was his fame, yet very little comment was made re- 
garding the boar himself. Emancipator. Conqueror, Gladiator, the $5,000 
Amstutz Big Bone, the $3,000 Dishers Climax, Model Buster, a litter 
mate of Emancipator, and several other great boars, were his sons, and 
did much to improve the breed. Emancipator, in the herd of Frank D. 
Winn, Randolph, Mo., and H. H. Moore, Gardner, Kans., was perhaps 
the greatest son. 

Smooth Prospect 304389 A, 86404 S, farrowed February 8, 1917. Bred 
by O. E. Wade, Rising City, Nebr.; sold to M. A. Dowling, Reasnor, Iowa, 
October 10, 1917. Got by Long Prospect 295031, by Giant Prospect 
245091 ; dam. Black Bess 697028, by Wade's Jumbo 151265. 

As a sire of great uniformity and breed type. Smooth Prospect was 
a premier breeder. His get won repeatedly at the leading shows of the 
cornbelt. While he mated well with most all families, yet the Orange 
Boy sows produced the greatest offspring. King Kole, the very popular 
Missouri, 1920, grand champion, was his son, and several other very 
prominent boars throughout the cornbelt. 

ToLONO TiMM 291291, farrowed March 21, 1917. Bred by S. M. Som- 
mers, Hooppole, 111.; sold in dam to E. E. Brady, Tampico, 111.; sold to 
S. M. Sommers, August 20, 1917; resold to J. E. Meharry. Tolono, 111., 
October 25, 1917. Got by Giant Timm 264625, by Big Timm 190903; 
dam. Lady Wonder 654058, by Pride of Wonder's 228189. 

Tolono Timm was an out-of-the-ordinary boar, as a pig. He was a 
model of perfection, having ample size and a great uniformity. As a 
show boar he was a beauty of perfection, and as a breeder he attracted 
breeders from many states. Demonstrator, a son, as a 7-months-old pig 
sold for $2,000, and many others in like proportion. 



62 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Belmont Buster 289021, farrowed February 16, 1917. Bred by J. E. 
Tucker, Lebanon, Ind.; sold in dam to Ed W. Cook, Trenton, Mo.; resold 
to Conrad Eckhardt & Son, Dallas City, 111., October 16, 1917. Got by 
Giant Buster 240657, by Disher's Giant 240655; dam. Blue Valley Belle 
660358, by Big Valley Columbus 288015. ' 

In the great litter sold by E. W. Cook, sired by Giant Buster, Belmont 
Buster was one of the premier pigs of the sale. As a breeding boar, he 
has demonstrated rare ability. Some of his great sons are: Advancer 
in the herd of Wm. Wrigley, Jr.; Great Big Buster 325311, in the herd ol 
Oscar B. Hensel; Buster, a litter mate of Great Big Buster, in the herd 
of J. F. Hook. Belmont Buster bred uniformity, with immense size, 
and good feet and legs. He won at the Illinois State fair, 1919. 

Harrison's Big Bob 83302 S, 291411 A, farrowed February 27, 1916. 
Bred by Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa; sold to L. Harrison, Taylor Mo.. 
September 26, 1916; sold to C. C. Potter, Pattonsburg, Mo., fall of 1919. 
Got by Big Bob 212613, by Chief Price 2d 142861 ; dam. Miss Big Wonder 
515668, by Big Wonder 160349. 

Harrison's Big Bob showed as a three-year-old at the Missouri State 
fair, winning second in class. He was a very tall boar, best of feet and 
legs, and a high arch back. His get were very much like him. He sold 
in the L. Harrison dispersion sale for $10,100, and sows bred to him 
in the Potter sale, made a very creditable average. The blood of Har- 
rison's Big Bob was very popular all through Missouri for a number of 
j^ears. The boar died during the summer of 1920. 

CoL. Jack 288991, farrowed March 3, 1916. Bred by Bloemendaal 
Bros., Orange City, Iowa; sold to Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa, Septem- 
ber 22, 1917; resold to Paul Wagner, September, 1918. Got by Surprise 
Prospect 244191, by Great Wonder 310301; dam. Long Lady 2d 578278, 
by Alton's Wonder 223187. 

The sire of Col. Jack, Surprise Prospect, was formerly known as 
Long Wonder. The name of Col. Jack was previously known as Bloem- 
cndaal's Long Prospect. After Fred Seivers had purchased Col. Jack, 
he set about to make him the grand champion of the Iowa State fair. 
The boar was the talk of the country and a great crowd assembled at 
the state fair to see this show. The boar won first in his class, but. was 
turned down for grand championship, the ribbon going to Halford on 
Big Improver. Col. Jack had previously been advertised in the Seiver's 
boar sale, and a large crowd of breeders attended the sale to purchase 
sons of this great boar as well as to see the sale, as it was rumored there 
would be a world record made on price. The bidding was keen up to 
$6,000, and it then settled down to a long drawn out contest, finally 
going to Paul Wagner, of Pierce, Nebr., at $10,200. Monroe McCoy & 
Son, Hepburn, Iowa, and Chas. Pfander, Clarinda, Iowa, were the con- 
tending bidders. Col. Jack, therefore, became the first $10,000 boar. 
As a breeding boar, he was not the equal of inany other boars of his day. 

Wonder Buster 293975 A; 99715 N, farrowed February 12, 1916. Bred 
by W. C. Disher, New Weston, Ohio; sold to L. J. Long, Peru, Ind., 
August 1(5, 1916; resold to W. B. Wallace, Bunceton, Mo., October 21. 
1917; sold to Carter & Van Deventer, Mexico, Mo., March 25, 1918; sold 
to W. L. Clay, Bunceton, Mo., January 7, 1919; sold to Head & Gray, Pal- 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 63 

myra. Mo., November 1919. Got by Dishcr's Giant 240655, by Big Ben 
208905; dam. Big Lil 555924, by Big Wonder 178565. 

Wonder Buster was a litter brother to Giant Buster of Indiana and 
Big Liberty Loan. He was a full brother to Giant Buster, and a half 
brother to many more very important boars of the breed. In the herd of 
Wallace, he became widely known as an outstanding breeding boar. 
His popularity attracted Carter & Van Deventer, the firm that had 
previously purchased Gerstdale Jones. In the Wallace dispersion sale 
in March, 1918, Carter & Van Deventer purchased the boar for $5300. 
They later, due to financial trouble, sold the boar to W. L. Clay for 
$3000. In the dispersion of the Clay herd in November 1919, Head & 
Gray purchased the boar for $10,200. The competition being made by 
L. J. Long, a previous owner, and W. L. Gamble, both of Indiana. The 
boar has been a breed builder, a noble sire, and money maker for his 
owners. Died June 1921. 

Long Orange 255519, farrowed February 5, 1916. Bred by M. A. 
Dowling, Reasnor, Iowa, sold to I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa, Septem- 
ber 1, 1916; sold to Lewis Bros., Childress, Texas, October 3, 1916; sold 
to Lon Alexander, Childress, Texas, November 4, 1919. Got by Orange 
Boy 230167, by Kool's Orange 209749; dam. Sensation Maud 410986, by 
Big Sensation 136387. 

Long Orange was the first prize pig at the Iowa State fair, and the 
National Swine show in 1916. Lewis Bros, of Texas attended the show 
and paid $300 for the pig, which was a long price for that time. In the 
Lewis herd this boar became one of the breed's greatest sires, and, later 
in the herd of Lon Alexander, the boar continued his prepotency. His 
greatest son was The Ranger, retained in the herd 6? Lewis Bros. Sows 
bred to this boar averaged $1006.25. The top selling for $3300. 

Big Bone Bob 266773, farrowed April 16, 1916. Bred by Fred Seivers, 
Audubon, Iowa; sold in dam to E. W. Nelson, Hannibal, Mo.; sold to 
Ehner E. Gardhouse, April 22, 1917. Got by Big Bob 212613, by Chief 
Price 2d 142861; dam. Lady Jumbo 583774, by Long Jumbo 211307. 

Big Bone Bob became one of the leading breeding boars of Missouri 
and Southern Illinois, while in the hands of Elmer E. Gardhouse. He 
was particularly a sire of sows, but occasionally a choice breeding boar 
by him was developed. A number of his sows are to be found in many 
of the prominent herds of the central west and south. 

DisHERS Giant Again 283865, farrowed March 1, 1916. Bred by Wm. 
Post, St. Henry, Ohio; sold to W. C. Disher, New Weston, Ohio, October 
31, 1916; resold to E. W. Nelson, Hannibal, Mo.. August 12, 1917. Got by 
Disher's Giant 240655, by Big Ben 208905; dam. Mastodon Lunker 647066. 
by World's Wonder 233209. 

Disher's Giant Again was one of the great progenitors of his time. 
He was a sire of extra length and good feet and legs. One objectionable 
feature of his get were the coarseness of hair, inchning to be a little 
curly. But he gave them lots of vitaHty and big frames that made large 
hogs. His greatest fame came in 1919 and 1920. 

Big Fashion 285609 A, 82663 S, farrowed February 27, 1916. Bred 
by Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa; sold to F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa, 
September 26, 1916; sold to Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind. Got by 



G4 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Big Bui) 212613, I)y Cliief Price 2d 142801 : dam. Miss Big Wonder 515668, 
by Big Wonder 160349. 

Big F"ashion, in the lierds of F. H. Hasslcr and Silver Brook Farm, 
became an outstanding sire of females. His get were of the extreme size 
with a great amount of rich quality, fine hair and very choice brood 
sows. The top twenty-one sows of the L. H. Glover record sale were 
daughters and granddaughters of this great boar. He was a litter 
brother to Harrisons' Big Bob. 

Masterpiece 257345 A, 70100 S, farrowed February 26, 1915. Bred by 
C. E. Lyden, Manning, Iowa; sold to F. H. Plassler, Manning, Iowa, June 
1, 1915; sold to L. H. Glover, July 1, 1918; sold to Sam C. Campbell, Oak 
Grove, Mo., April 1919. Got by Grand Master 183879, by Giant Standard 
62191; dam, Escher's Standard 436424, by Chief Price 2d 48865. 

Masterpiece did not come into favorable note until after the sale of 
the boar to L. H. Glover. The boar was included with twenty-four sows, 
listing Liberator at $3000, and the balance of the twenty-five at $3000; 
among these sows were several daughters of Masterpiece, and these were 
among the top sellers in the Glover sale, the fall of 1918. Not being able 
to use two boars so closely akin in his herd, Mr. Glover sold Masterpiece 
to S. C. Campbell, Oak Grove, Mo. In this herd a larger distribution of 
his get were made than in any of the previous herds. Masterpiece, for 
no other reason could be called famous, as the sire of Fashion Girl, the 
dam of Liberator, Designer and a host of other noted sons and daughters. 
He was a remarkable boar, standing 42 inches tall and very long, with 
good feet and legs. 

Long Chief Again 282457, farrowed May 2, 1916. Bred by W. F. 
Kerlin, Rockfield, Ind.; sold in dam to E. E. Flora, Rockfield, Ind. Got 
by Long Chief 250147, by Chief Price Wonder 250145; dam. Miss Pros- 
pect 645048, by Prospect Tecumseh 280829. 

The grand champion of Indiana, 1918, and wfthout a doubt the 
greatest son of the grand champion. Long Chief. He was a producer 
of the big. smooth kind that met with popular favor in the show ring 
and breeding pens of the east. Several of his get came west and were 
among the good things retained in several of the prominent herds. 

LiiJERTY Bond 309309 A, 103339 N, farrowed March 7, 1917. Bred by 
C. H. Porter. Eagle Grove, Iowa; sold to E. W. Avery & Son, Michigan 
Town, Ind., August 14, 1917; resold to Harry H. Moore, Gardner, Kan., 
January 29, 1918; resold to Moore Farms, Gardner, Kan., March 20, 1918; 
resold to Glover & Moore, Grandviow. Mo., and Gardner, Kan., October 
10, 1918. Got by Big Price 228247. by Long Price 228245; dam. Black 
Beauty 3rd 514232, by Good Kind 197799. 

Liberty Bond was selected as a pig by Harry H. Moore as a breeding 
and show proposition. The boar made great strides toward prep- 
aration for the show, but was injured in a boar fight and did not get into 
the shows. His get were winners at the Missouri State fair, 1919, and 
the National Swine show, winning practically e\ cry thing possible in the 
open shows and futurities. Gilts by him selling in the L. H. Glover sale, 
sold at record prices and sows by him selling bred to Liberator, sold 
at top prices of the breed. Later the boar was more or less discarded 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 Co 

for newer blood, and he was offered in a combination sale at the 1920 
National Swine show, but no one would make a bid upon him. 

Model Mastodon 281885, farrowed March 2, 1917. Bred by Anderson 
Bros., West Liberty, Iowa; sold to Oscar B. Hensel, Edelstein, 111., March 
2, 1917; sold to Hensel & Adams, Edelstein and Castleton, 111., September 
26, 1917. Got by A's Mastodon 235907, by Mastodon Wonder 195691: 
dam. Smooth Model 637384, by Smooth Bob 245277. 

Model Mastodon was conceded to be as near a perfect type of 
Poland China as was ever produced. At one year old he weighed 
630 pounds, and the same year, on the show circuit, he weighed 900 
pounds. He was made grand champion of the Illinois, 1918, State fair. 
His sire, A's Mastodon, was grand champion of the Iowa State fair in 
1917. Model Mastodon stood second at the Iowa State fair in 1917 in 
one of the largest classes ever shown. He soldTn the March bred sow 
sale of Anderson Bros, to Hensel for $1075. As a breeder he was not the 
greatest or the poorest but a sire of a very uniform type. 

The Yankee 298157, farrowed February 20, 1917. Bred by L. R. Mc- 
Clarnon, Braddyville, Iowa; sold to Williams Bros., Villisca, Iowa, Oc- 
tober 8, 1917; sold to W. H. Ellsworth & Son, Goldfield, Iowa. Got by 
Mc's Big Orange 293865, by Big Orange 145509; dam. Orange Lady 2d 
662580, by Hercules 232407. 

The Yankee was the best pig of 1917 on the McClarnon farm, and sold 
that fall to Williams Bros. In their herd, he attracted a great deal of 
attention, as being an unusually large boar. The Williams Bros, were 
very liberal buyers of advertising space and gave the boar as thorough 
an advertising campaign as could be bought. The spring of 1920, the 
boar was sold to Ellsworth & Sons for $40,000. Prior to this sale, Will- 
iams Bros, had refused several very liberal offers, and thought they were 
fixing a price that would not be paid by anyone. The Yankee lived long 
enough for the buyers to get possibly 100 sows bred to him, part of which 
sold in a sale, resulting in practically enough money to liquidate the cost 
of the boar. The Yankee can be rated as a great breeding boar, mating 
well with most any blood line. He was a litter brother to the grand 
champion. The Pilot, National Swine show, 1919. 

Cook's Liberty Bond 328701, farrowed June 28, 1917. Bred by J. A. 
Shelton, Manila, Ind.; sold in dam to C. O. Garriott, Knightstown, Ind.: 
resold to Ed W. Cook, Trenton, Mo., November 10, 1917; sold to Arch 
T. Anderson, St. Joseph, Mo., October 18, 1920. Got by Long Wonder 2d 
288537, by Long Wonder 169495; dam. Big Lady 2d 749442, by Giant 
Buster 240657. 

Among the leading boars during 1919, and 1920, and 1921, Cook's 
Liberty Bond may be ranked along at the top. He was selected as a pig 
by Ed W. Cook, and developed in his herd. He cost Mr. Cook, as a pig 
$37.50. and was sold October 18, 1920, to Arch T. Anderson, St. Joseph, 
Mo., for $3500. On botli sides of his pedigree, ho traces to unusually 
outstanding breeding boars, Long Wonder and Giant Buster. Long 
Wonder was a great breed builder in Nebraska, and Giant Buster was 
known as the "Epocli Maker" of the east. Cook's Liberty Bond bred a 
distinct type, one that met the approval of the leading hog breeders. 

C 2 Ranger 86732 S, 381951 A, farrowed June 3, 1917. Bred by C. L. 



66 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWiNE 

Eskew, Sidney, Iowa, sold to C. F. Cadwell, Colonic, S. D., October 20, 
1917; resold to Henry Fcsenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, summer, 1920. Got 
by Eskew's Monster Fessy 85421, by Fesenmeyer's A Wonder 68397; dam, 
Sally Wonder 181554, by King Joe 70282. 

When big boars were quite the demand, and after the sale of F's 
Big Jones, the sire of the then largest known boars of the breed, Henry 
Fesenmeyer hears of a boar that he was partly responsible for, as far as 
the breeding is concerned, and this boar was absolutely the largest boar 
ever produced. The result was that he bought the boar, C 2 Ranger, 
and the world began to show their approval. This boar stood 46 inches 
high, 92 inches long between the eyes, to root of tail, and stood on a 
121/2 inch bone. The boar was big all over, and just a little larger than 
any of the previous given measurements. As a breeding boar, nothing 
can be said, so far as is qualified by the breeders, as the boar, at the 
time of this publication has not been used long enough to so warrant. 

Expansion King 309389, farrowed September 24, 1917. Bred by Gay 
Buckley, Galesburg, 111.; sold to V. E. Robinson, Morton, 111., March 10, 
1918; resold to J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., August 22, 1918; sold one- 
half interest back to V. E. Robinson, November 20, 1918. Got by Long 
King 262527, by Giant of Wonder's 262525; dam. Expansion Lady 544726, 
by Big Expansion. 

Expansion King was an outstanding boar as a pig. He was consider- 
ably larger than anything in his class at the Illinois State fair, and the 
National Swine show. He won second in class at both of these shows in 
1918. At the National Swine show some discussion arose from the 
breeders of another breed that they had larger under year pigs than the 
Poland Chinas. There was some exchange of words, and an offer to 
wager some money, but nothing was agreed upon, whereas the Poland 
China men drove out Expansion King to compare with the aged boars 
of the contemporaries. 

Sheldon Wonder 339611, farrowed Sept'ember" 12, 1917. Bred by 
Lasby & Rose, Mankato, Minn.; sold to E. S. Barker, Wilmar, Minn., May 
20, 1918; resold to H. Uittenbogaard, Sheldon, Iowa, November 8, 1918. 
Got by Mankato Wonder 245891, by Big Orange 145509; dam, Sioux's 
Choice 607414, by G. B. Giant 230337. 

Sheldon Wonder was formerly known as Over the Top and, when 
sold to Uittenbogaard, the name was changed to Sheldon Wonder. He 
was the best son of Mankato Wonder, afterwards known as Korver's 
Orange Wonder. The entire family was one of great substance and 
vitality. Sheldon Wonder was rated as a $10,000 boar, and there is no 
doubt he was worth this money, along with others that were sold for 
the same money. 

Fox's A Wonder 306137, farrowed September 27, 1917. Bred by John 
Miller, Rock Valley, Iowa; sold to Ray J. Fox, Lyons, Ore., April 9, 1918. 
Got by Miller's A Wonder 213603, by Equal Chief 185485; dam. Big Queen 
480988, by Miller's Chief Price 121195. 

One of the leading show boars of the Pacific coast was Fox's A Won- 
der. In 1919, he stood first in the senior yearling class at Oregon State, 
Western Royal, Northwest Live Stock show, and Pacific International. 
He was made the grand champion at the Oregon State and Northwest 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 67 

Livestock shows. Many of his get were shown and sold to breeders in the 
northwest, resulting in much improvement of the breed. 

Liberator 356319 A, 92965 S, farrowed January 1, 1918. Bred by F. H. 
Hassler, Manning, Iowa; sold to L. H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., July 1, 
1918. Got by The Clansman 306669, by Grand Big Orphan 251923; dam! 
Fashion Girl 219444, by Masterpiece 257345. 

Perhaps no other boar of late years, so completely captivated the 
entire Poland China world as did Liberator. As soon as he was sold at 
the remarkable price of $3000, as a six months old pig, he had begun to 
make history and for the past two years many pages have been inscribed. 
After a most brilliant advertising campaign, a sale held on November 16, 
1918, with ten sows sold with breeding privilege to the pig, made a record 




Liberator 356319A, 92965S 
By The Clansman SOSSm, Out of Fashion Girl 21!>I,U. Without a Question the Greatest Progen- 
itor of His Time. He Sired a Fixed Type Peculiar Unto Himself 

sale of about $600 per head. Among these sows was the sow Melba, 
that produced a litter by Liberator that sold the next fall for $12,460, 
and several others that were nearly as successful. Following this sale 
with a January sale, with the majority of the sows bred "to Liberator, 
another world's record was broken by an average of $813 per head 
Breeders flocked to Glenwell Farms, and private sales that averaged 
even higher than the public auctions prevailed. Among the top pigs 
were Momentum, selling to E. E. Farver, Sibley, Iowa, for $6000; the 
Cavalier to W. D. Jones, Atkins, Iowa, for $5000; and The Pioneer to 
E. A. Wiggers, Evansville, Ind., for $5000 (the latter two being by The 
Clansman and out of Fashion Girl, the dam of Liberator). The fall sale 
of 1919 was looked forward to witii a great deal of enthusiasm. Many 
of the best sales over the entire country were made where litters were 
sold by Liberator. In this offering went several sons of The Clansman, 
two of them being out of Fashion Girl. The average price on the sale 
was about $1200, and herd boars by Liberator were scattered over 
a greater portion of the United States. While these records seemed away 



C8 HISTOHY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

beyond any dream, yet they were nothing as compared to the January 
19, 1920 sale, in which was soUl the dam of Liberator, Fashion Girl, bred 
to The Clansman, selling to The Columbian Farms, F. R. McDermand, 
Kansas City, Mo., for $17,200, the highest price sow ever sold of any 
breed. There was fair and legitimate bidding upon the sow from the 
start. The general average on the sale, with the balance of the offering 
all bred to Liberator was $3,112.00 on thirty-six head. So great was the 
demand from the 1000 or more breeders present that a supplementary 
list of ten head were sold, making the entire forty-six head sell for an 
average of $2,759.78, a total of $126,950.00. So enthused were the throng 
of breeders, that should Mr. (Hover have driven Liberator in the ring for 
sale there was no question but that he would have sold for $50,000. The 
latter part of February of 1920, Mr. Glover consigned several headf to a 
sale in Kansas City, and while they out-sold any others in the sale, yet 
tluy were not of the same character as those sold in a previous sale. On 
September Gth, another sale was held, but not so satisfactory as previous 
sales, yet slightly in advance of general sales. October 13th, another, but 
because of the great depression in general over the entire country, the 
sale was not as satisfactory, or in keeping with the quality of goods. 
Liberator, without a question, is one of the greatest breeding boars erf 
the breed. He bred a type, peculiar unto himself, while there were 
others near to it, yet none quite like the Liberators. His get within the 
short time have scattered to every nook and corner of the United States 
and luost of the present day herds have at least a representative therein. 
Designer 93699 S, farrowed January 1, 1918. Bred by F. H. Hassler, 
Manning, Iowa; sold to Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr.. September, 1918; 



Desig.veu 93699 

By The Clatisman sniioai. On' of Fashion Girl ^li•^J,^. .1 Wonderful Show and Breeding 

Boar. Sold for $30,000 and Was the First Boar to Command as Much as tl,000 for a 

Single Breeding Service. A Litter Brother to Liberator 

resold to I). C. Lonergan & Sons, Florence, Nebr., December, 1919. Got 
by The Clansman 306669, by Grand Big Orphan 251923; dam. Fashion 
Girl 219 H4, by Masterpiece 257345. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1!)15 AND 1920 69 

Designer is a litter mate to Liberator. After the sale of Liberator for 
$3000, there was attention called for the rest of the litter, and while some 
scoffed at the extremely high price demanded for the boar. Designer, 
and he but a pig, yet Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr., one of the oldest 
breeders of the west and the owner of Big Timm, knew that if the hog 
lived he could make money with him. So he paid Hassler $5000 for the 
boar. For beauty and show type, many preferred Designer, and at the 
Nebraska, 1919, show, he was awarded the first prize in the senior year- 
ling class. After the splendid achievements of his litter mate. Liberator, 
and knowing of the very successful sales made by Wm. Ferguson with 
the boar, persuaded D. C. Lonegran & Sons, Florence, Nebr., one of the 
oldest firms of the west, to try and buy Designer. They asked for a price, 
but were refused. Later they asked again, and Ferguson desiring rather 
to discourage them, priced the boar at $30,000. They at once took an 
option for a few days, and later returned with the cash and took the 
boar. Thus Designer, at the close of the breeding season, sold for the 
tremendous price of $30,000. The word was heralded through the entire 
country, and the result was that the bred sow sales of both Ferguson and 
Lonergan & Sons, were two of the most successful held anywhere. His 
get were sought for by many of the leading breeders. Many wanted to 
have a litter each by the breed's foremost breeding boars, and many 
others demanded sons of these great boars at the head of their herds. 
As a result it was a neck to neck race, as which had the largest distribu- 
tion. Countersign, perhaps the highest priced son of Designer, sellino 
to Williams Bros, ViUisca, Iowa, to succeed The Yankee, for $12,000. 
Designer was a noteable breeding boar. His cross upon the daughters 
of Big Timm were exceptionally good. He has added several pages 
to history through his improvement to the great American breed. He 
was the first boar to demand as much as $1000 breeding service fee. 

Passpoht 114115 N, 417619 A, farrowed February 27, 1918. Bred by 
J. G. Johnson, Winchester, Ind.; sold to Johnson & Dwiggins, Winches- 
ter, Ind., October 20, 1918; sold to Arlington Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., 
April 30, 1920. Got by Big Liberty Loan 114403 N, by Disher's Giant 
240655; dam, Molly Pike 220334, by Big Chief Defender 95293. 

Passport was one of the best breeding boars of the east. His sire. Big 
Liberty Loan, was a Htter brother to Giant Buster, and an exceptional 
good breeding boar. Passport first became nationally known after 
selling to Arlington Farms for $10,000. His ability as a breeding boar, 
warranting the paying of such a iVrice. While he has several noted sons, 
two seem to stand out ahead of the others, and are known as Password 
in the herd of C. E. Pollard and The Compass in the herd of Lemon 
Bros., both firms in Indiana. The dam of Passport, Molly Pike, was one 
of the breed's good producing sows. She was sold in 1920 to L. H. 
Glover, Missouri, and sold in his January, 1921, sale, bred to Liberator. 
Her sire. Big Chief Defender 95293 N, was also the sire of Hoosier Bill 
110435 N. 

The. Pickett 325529, farrowed February 24, 1918. Bred by I. J. 
Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa; sold in dam to A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa; 
resold to Preston Donald, Clio, Iowa, October 30, 1918; resold to Ernest 
Melberg, Norway, Iowa, October 21, 1919; sold to Tow Bros., Norway, 



70 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Iowa, August 16, 1920. Got by Orange Boy 230167, by Kool's Orange 
209749; dam, Wonder Princess 704660, by Big Wonder Again 209276. 

The Pickett met many vicissitudes in his life as well as laurels. As a 
very small pig, it is said he strayed away from his mother on a very dark 
night, only to be stepped on by one of the men. His injury was sewed 
up, taking several stitches, and his life despaired of, but being of very 
strong constitution, he survived. He was a record price pig that fall 
(1918) selling to W. Preston Donald for $2000. In the Donald herd, he 
again met with disaster by being attacked by a bull. But he survived. 
He was shown at the National Swine show 1919, and was considered the 
extreme type demanded by many of the breeders. He was sold to 
Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, for $10,000, and the seller retaining 
thirty breeding privileges. This sale created quite a stir, as a few tried 
to make capital of the sale as being $20,000 rating the thirty breeding 
privileges as worth $10,000. Later the boar was sold with the entire 
herd of Ernest Melberg, to Tow Bros., Norway, Iowa, for $104,000. The 
Pickett was listed in the sale at $60,000. So out of proportion was the 
price as given that many of the breeders from various states began to 
call more or less of a halt, ridiculing such sales. It can be said, however, 
that The Pickett was a wonderful breeding boar, siring pigs of a single 
type. His get were very much in de .nand, largely at the beginning of his 
popularity, and later as being unusually good individuals. He died May 
1921. 

The Rainbow 329731, farrowed March 14, 1918. Bred by Williams 
Bros., Villisca, Iowa; sold to M. A. Dowling, Valley Junction, Iowa, 
October 30, 1918; resold to H. M. Meneough, Grimes, Iowa, March 10. 
1920. Got by The Yankee 298157, by Mc's Big Orange 293865; dam. Belle 
Wonder 2d 731476, by Crusader 296825. 

The Rainbow was a remarkable pig, developing into a wonderful 
show and breeding boar. As a breeding boar he ranked even greater 
than a show boar. His sons were winners in the big shows. Among his 
great sons are The Hit, Rainbow Boy, and Iowa Rainbow. His ability as 
a breeding boar enabled his seller to get $25,000 for him when he was 
sold to H. M. Meneough. Breeders secured Rainbow boars and gilts at 
long prices to improve their herds. 

DuNNDALE Pilot 329667 and Hawkeye Giant 323785 (litter brothers), 
farrowed February 16, 1918. Bred by Yotter Bros., Oakville, Iowa, 
(Hawkeye Giant sold to I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa, September 28. 
1918), (Dunndale Pilot sold to Sherman Dunn, Alexis, 111., September 
28, 1918; sold one-half interest to Ora Meade, North Henderson, 111., 
August 15, 1919; sold to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, July 15, 1920.) 
Got by Giant Big Ben 294877, by Giant Ben 236953; dam. Orange Queen 
727462, by Fessy's Timm 256027. 

Litter brothers and two of the greatest breeding and show boars of 
their day. Starting in the remarkable sale of Yotter Bros, on September 
28, 1918, these two boars began a career of great achivements. Dunndale 
Pilot first attracted attention in the summer of 1919, when it was noised 
that he was coming out on show circuit and would be the greatest year- 
ling boar ever shown. The following winter Dunn & Meade sold sowg 
bred to him for the biggest average ever achieved in the state. The top 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 71 

was a daughter of The Clansman, seUing for $5000. The boar was sold 
to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, the man who had recently sold The 
Pickett for $60,000. Dunndalc Pilot was sold for what was said to be 
$50,000. He won grand championship honors at the Iowa State fair 1920, 
and was admired by everyone. His measurements were 461/2 inches 
high, 87 inches long, 121/2 inch bone, and weighed 1100 pounds. Hawk- 
eye Giant attracted the attention of the breeders through his ability as a 
breeding boar. The first prize junior yearling sow at the Iowa State fair, 
1920, was by him, and the grand champion sow of the National Swine 
show, 1920, was by him. He was practically the same size as Dunndale 
Pilot. He died during the fall of 1920. Dunndale Pilot died June 1921. 




DUNNDALE Pilot 329667 

By Giant Big Ben S9iSn. Grand Champion Iowa State Fair, 1920. Sold 

for $50,000 

Grant's Great Giant 325919, Peter the Great 406277, Columbian 
Giant 374229, D's Big Jones 360071, K's Big Jones 372879; farrowed 
March 23, 1918. Bred by H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, sold in dam 
to John Grant, Preston, Iowa. Got by F's Big Jones 320555, by Gerst- 
dale Jones 244187; dam, Preston's Giantess 709644, by Fessy's Timm 
256024. 

Without a question the finding and exploiting of the so-called 
"Giantess" family, aroused as much, if not more, interest among the 
breeders, in as short a time, than did any similar pro'paganda. John 
Grant was no unusual breeder, in fact, quite reserved as far as adver- 
tising and publicity were concerned. Those who had visited his farm 
the summer after his buying Preston Giantess (wliich was no unusual 
sale), noted the extra choice litter of boars running about the farm, par- 
ticularly that they were unusually large, long and high up off the ground. 
It was in May .of 1920 that L. H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., and Frank D. 
Winn, Randolph, Mo., were making a trip through Iowa looking over 
various herds with a herd boar in view. The get of Grant's Great Giant 
in one herd attracted the men to the farm of John Grant, and it was 
there that they located and later purchased three of the five boars. 
Grant's Great Giant was said to be the largest Poland China living at 



72 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

that time. He was indeed a wonderful breeding boar, this fact being 
recognized by the breeders paying an average of .'i>453 on fifty-seven sows 
bred to the boar in a January, 1920, sale, and an average of $653, on 
fifty-two head in a September, 1920, sale, mostly sons and daughters. 
The top pig selling for $2600. Among his great sons were. The Minute 
Man, Rawleigh's Great Giant, Giant Boy, Peacock Giant, and Giant 
Rival. Peter the Great was originally known as G's Big Jones, and was 
owned in partnership by W. D. Jones and E. C. Forrest. Mr. Glover 
purchased the Jones interest for $5000, and offered $12,500 for the 
Forrest interest, but Forrest demanded more, and Glover refused to pay. 
Consequently, the boar died the property of the two men. Mr. Glover 
making one sale on sows bred to the boar, averaging over $400. Mr. 
Glover really owned but one-fourth interest, the other fourth belonging 
to W. D. Johnson, his brother-in-law. Columbia Giant, as for smooth- 
ness and type was probably the leading boar, and was purchased by 
F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo., the owner of Fashion Girl, for 
$20,000. K's Big Jones was owned by I. M. Kyle, Sabula, Iowa, (the 
breeder of Long Joe 265521), and sold to F. D. Winn for $3000 with the 
guarantee that the boar should get over a lameness. The boar was 
shipped to Winn, but never was used, and died from the injury. As a 
breeding boar K's Big Jones was the equal of any of his brothers. 
During the early part of the summer of 1920, Mr. Winn spent a great 
deal of time in Iowa locating and purchasing the get of these boars, 
which were catalogued and sold in a public auction in Kansas City, 
September 7, 1920. Others were catalogued in a sale during the week of 
the 1920 National Swine show at Des Moines, Iowa. In this sale a boar 
by Grant's Great Giant, known as Real Good 406938, was purchased by 
a syndicate of breeders and taken to the farm of one of the men, and 
castrated. There was a great deal of talk about the matter from both 
sides, and the nearest conclusion was that the boar did not measure up 
to the advertising and recommendations by the sellers (Winn & Glover), 
and that several of the breeders objected to the bringing out of their 
own territory, such an animal to a National show to be sold. The sale 
price of the boar was $300. The breeding of the "new" find of boars 
was advertised as the "outcross" blood and as just the right and logical 
cross to use on the various other noted families in order to preserve and 
promote the size and quality of the breed. This in itself was very much 
opposed by many of the breeders. Much was said, and many pages 
taken up in the trade journals, regarding the foundation of the new 
"outcross blood," and Fesenmeyer and Grant both contributed several 
articles as to the geneology and reasons why, such outstanding indi- 
viduals in one litter. But the public wondered why so great a litter of 
boars from the boar, F's Big Jones, whose sire and offspring had been 
turned down (Gerstdalc Jones), and now with a rush of "outcross 
blood" and "new" blood they could not comprehend. More was said 
regarding the dam and her wonderful ancestors, than the sire, and by 
right of heritage, the boars indeed were worthy offsprings. They were 
a valuable addition to the breed, and the regret was that they were not 
a long lived family. 

Big Boij Orphan 111287 N, farrowed Marcii 1, 1918. Bred by Fred 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 73 

Seivers, Audubon, Iowa; sold to Padgett & Gumery, Whitestown Ind 
September, 1918; resold to W. C. Gambel, Noblesville, Ind., April 1919* 
Got by Big Bob 212613, by Chief Price 2d 142681; dam. Orphan's Black 
Maid 515644, by Orphan Wonder 196461. 

Big Bob Orphan was a show boar as well as an outstanding breeding 
boar. His get were successful in the show rings. He sired the junior 
champion boar pig at the 1919 Indiana State fair, and his produce that 
fall sold for a higher dollars than the get of any other one boar in the 
east. He was grand champion of the Indiana State fair in 1920 in one 
of the biggest and best shows of the state. As a sire he had few equals. 
Among some of his leading sons were Smooth Bob, A Wonder Bob, Big 
Bob Clansman, and Bob Big Orphan. 

Highland Ranger 118389 N, farrowed September 2, 1918. Bred by 
Brent Woodmansee, Highland, Ohio; sold to Oliphant & Kreh, Vincennes, 
Ind., July 25, 1919; resold to C. E. Pollard, Cynthiana, Ind., September 9, 
1919; resold to W. H. Lant, Newburg, Ohio, February 5, 1920. Got by 
Highland Giant 102371, by The Giant 72083 S.; dam. Lady Giantess 
221806, by Giant Buster 90455 N. 

Highland Ranger was one of the best individuals and breeding boars 
of the east. Being a young boar at this writing, his get are not as promi- 
nent as they undoubtedly will be. The Giant and Giant Buster probably 
were the greatest sons of the two great boars, Hercules and Disher's 
Giant. Therefore, this boar has a combination of these two, being in- 
tensely bred on both sides. The dam of Lady Giantess 221806 is by Big 
Joe, a brother to Big Ben, the sire of both Hercules and Disher's Giant. 
Highland Ranger sold to OHphant & Kreh for iP500, and to C. E. Pollard 
for !P2750, later selling to W. H. Lant for $10,000. 

The Outpost 124421 N. farrowed May 13, 1919. Bred by D. A. Rumple, 
Berne, Ind.; sold to W. C. Williams, Thorntown, Ind., November, 1919; 
sold to C. F. Reisch, Lakeville, Ind:, December, 1919; resold to White 
Bros., Mt. Carmel, 111., April, 1920. Got by The Cavalier 119911, by Big 
Bob 2d 101125; dam, Sis Hopkins 3d, 247068 by Rumple's Wonder 101809. 
The Outpost came from a great line of breeding. He was an un- 
usually good individual, attracting no little attention in the sales of 
Williams & Spurting, and D. A. Rumple. People began to look for this 
young boar, only to find that he had gone to the White Bros. Wild Rose 
Hog Farm for the consideration of $10,000. At the age of thirteen 
months, he was said to have measured 41 inches tall and 76 inches long. 
Both of his grandsires were unusually good breeding boars, transmitting 
their good qualities to this illustrious grandson. 

Checkers 110686 S, farrowed March 29, 1919. Bred by Ridgeway 
Farms, Blanchard, Iowa; sold to F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa; sold to 
Jim Bloemendaal, Alton, Iowa, March, 1920. Got by Checkmaker 94520, 
by F's Big Jones 89795 S; dam, Hercules Lady 248921. by Bernice Timm 
87277. 

Seldom does a young boar leap into such wide renown as did 
Checkers. Being an unusual pig individually, he attracted the attention 
of F. H. Hassler, who developed the pig for several months and sold him 
to Bloemendaal for $20,000. The name of "Checkers" was a striking 
name, and Bloemendaal, characterized the name in the use of Checker 



74 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Board illustrations. Shortly after the purchase of Checkers, the locating 
and purchase of the noted Preston Giantess litter of boars became 
known, and as they were directly related to Checkers his fame became 
greater. On August 13, 1920, Bloemendaal made a sale of thirty sows 
and gilts, bred to Checkers, receiving an average of $905 per head, which 
was the highest average for an untried boar in a summer sale. Checkers 
is a line bred Fessy's Timm pig. His granddam on the sire side, A 
Giantess, was a litter sister to Preston Giantess, the dam of Peter The 
Great, Columbian Giant, Grant's Great Giant, etc. Checkers was one of 
the longest, tallest, best footed young boars of his day. He was the 
extreme of the modern demand in Poland Chinas, and a popular 
favorite. 




CHECKEns 110686S 

Out of Checkmaker 9^520. One of the Largest Yearlivg Boars Ever Produced. Also an 

Exceptional Breedinn Boar. Sold for $20,000 

Revelation 106855 S, farrowed March 9, 1919. Bred by Glover & 
Moore, Grandview, Mo., and Gardner, Kan.; sold to Winn & Moore, Ran- 
dolph, Mo., October 13, 1919. Got by Liberator 92965, by The Clansman 
92964; dam. Buster's Best 224022, by Giant Buster 78878 S. 

Revelation was sold in the record fall sale of L. H. Glover, October 13, 
1919, to Winn & Moore, Randolph, Mo., for the world's record price for 
an untried pig, $8,700. The day of the sale the pig did not look as good 
as one of his litter mates, but the buyers had been on the farm several 
times and had selected this pig as being the best to be sold. His sire is the 
renowned Liberator, and the dam. Buster's Best, was familiarly known 
as the "Queen of the Polands," being one of the greatest types of sows, as 
well as a producing sow of unusual ability. Litter mates to Revelation 
were sold in the same sale to W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., for 
$6100, and C. V. Keller, LaCrosse, Ind., for $2800. Revelation, as a 
junior yearling, was shown at the National Swine Show, winning second 
place in class, being defeated by his litter brother owned by Graham. 
Sows bred to Revelation were among the top sellers in the Winn & 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN 1915 AND 1920 75 

Moore sale the night of January 19, 1920, averaging over $1400 per head. 
Four pigs in the Utter of which Revelation was one, sold for $23,600. 
Momentum, one of the Htter, sold to E. E. Farver, Sibley, Iowa, in the 
summer of 1919 for $6000. As a breeding boar Revelation ranked among 
the leaders, and as a show boar he possessed great style and breed char- 
acter that commanded great respect. Two litter sisters retained in the 
Glover herd, were shown at the National Swine show, 1919, winning first 
and second honors, and were said to be two of the most sensational gilts 
ever shown. 

HoosiER Bill 380903 A, 110435 N, farrowed February 15, 1918. Bred 
by C. A. Wright, Sheridan, Ind.; sold to Ida M. Teter & Sons, Sheridan, 
Ind., November 11, 1918; resold to Findling, Hicks & Knapp, Arcadia, 
Ind., September 27, 1919. Got by Big Chief Defender 95293, by Great 
Defender 210937 A; dam. Big Lil 3d 215004, by Disher's Giant. 

Hoosier Bill was one of the greatest yearling boars produced in the 
east. His attractiveness attracted many of the leading breeders, who 
selected sons and daughters to improve their herds. The boar became 
nationally known when Kramer's Kind, the dam of The Clansman sold 
to Arlington Farms, Indianapolis, with a litter of ten pigs at side by 
Hoosier Bill, for $14,600. After the record sale of Kramer's Kind, the get 
of Hoosier Bill were secured at very long prices. He was sold in the 
Teter Bros, sale for $6100. 

Arch Back Giant 373737, farrowed March 14, 1918. Bred by J. H. 
Sheppard & Sons, Modoc, Ind.; sold to C. G. Harvey, Carlos, Ind., Sep- 
tember 10, 1918; resold to Harry Spurling, Taylorville, 111., August 23, 
1919; resold to Oliphant & Kreh, Vincennes, Ind., September 15, 1919. 
Got by Big Donnelly 371293, by Big Fred 272201; dam, A Wonder Sow 
872320 by Big Wonder 266917. 

Arch Back Giant first attracted attention when a crop of pigs sired by 
him commanded an average in an October sale of $451 each. The pigs 
were sold in the W. C. Gamble, 1919, sale, and were among the best 
footed, high back variety that many had seen, especially being sired by 
one boar. In the herd of Oliphant & Kreh, the boar was used on some of 
the best sows to be bought, and in their bred sow sale of 1920, sows 
mated to this boar sold for record prices. Arch Back Giant was indi- 
vidually an outstanding boar. His grandsires were Big Bob and Long 
Wonder 2d, two noted breeding boars. 

King Kole 390599, farrowed March 6, 1919. Bred by M. A. Dowling. 
Valley Junction, Iowa; sold in dam to G. E. Petty, Versailles, Mo. Got 
by Smooth Prospect 304389, by Long Prospect 295031; dam. Orange 
Blossom 805466, by Orange Boy 230167. 

King Kole, without a doubt, was one of the very superior boars of 
his days. He was a model of perfection, combining the size and rugged- 
ness of the extreme, and the smoothness and easy fleshing qualities of 
the early maturing kind. Smooth Prospect, the sire, used in the herd of 
M. A. Dowling, produced many very choice offspring, that stood well up 
in the money at the leading shows of the corn belt. Especially were the 
animals good from sows of the Orange Boy breeding. Smooth Prospect 
traces back to Wades Jumbo and Wintermute's Jumbo, two wonderful 
breeding boars, they were among the first 900-pound boars of the big 



76 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

types. King Kole was an outstanding pig in a litter of nine. As a run- 
ning mate to Big Bone Leader, he was not used very heavj% however, 
the few pigs were of exceptional conformation. He was shown at the 
Missouri State fair 1920, winning grand championship. Later he was 
taken to the National Swine show, 1920, and won third honors. The 
placing was not exactly approved by the many breeders present, as they 
showed by their demonstration when King Kole was paraded before the 
great crowds, many thinking the boar was entitled to first place. Several 
prominent breeders shipped their best sows to be mated to this great 
boar, resulting in a wonderful impetus for King Kole and his get. 

The Pioneer 101505, farrowed February 13, 1919. Bred by Silver 
Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind.; sold in dam to L. H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., 
and Harry H. Moore, Gardner, Kan.; resold to E. A. Wiggers, Evansville, 
Ind., July, 1919; resold to Arlington Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., 1920. Got 
by The Clansman 92964 by Grand Big Orphan 75229; dam. Fashion Girl 
219444, by Masterpiece 76100. 

The Pioneer is a distinctive individual in every respect. He conies 
from one of the most illustrious families the breed has known. He is a 
full brother to Liberator, Designer, Cavalier, The Volunteer, and other 
members of the famous The Clansman-Fashion Girl matings. E. A. 
Wiggers, during the summer of 1919, came to Grandview, Mo., and per- 
sonally selected The Pioneer, paying $5000 for the boar. The sows in the 
first bred sow sale, mated to this boar, averaged .$1532. As a breeding 
boar, he compares favorably with the leading boars of the breed. 

The Critic 352805, farrowed February 14, 1919. Bred by P. A. Par- 
menter, Paralta, Iowa; sold to A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa, August 27, 1919; 
resold to E. C. Barber, Alpena, S. D., October 1, 1919. Got by Biggest Joe 
315861, by Smooth Big Joe 271075; dam, P. A.'s Miss Jones 741048, by 
Gerstdale Jones 2d 260127. 

The Critic became one of the leading breeding boars of the northwest. 
He carried the blood of some of the breed's largest boars and sows. 
Biggest Joe, the sire, was a very large boar, carrying considerable 
quality. The get of The Critic were in keen demand and their influence 
was beneficial to the improvement of the breed. 

Boars worthy of mention, and who played an important part in the 
breed's history are: Model Big Bob 274955; Long Big Bone 2d 256457, 
grand champion of Indiana, 1919; The Pilot 297411, grand champion 
National Swine show 1919; Repeater 326871, the first prize junior year- 
ling National Swine show 1919; Emancipator 375375; Dominator 361407; 
Liberator Buster 375555. 

Boars of 1919 farrow, whose influence began to prove beneficial in 
1920 and 1921. that are not heretofore mentioned, but worthy of recogni- 
tion, are as follows: 

Peter Pan, by Peter The Great, owned by Frank D. Winn, East Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

Sunbeam, by Harrison's Big Bob. owned by H. E. Spurgcon. Wayland, 
Mo. 

Cicotte, by Big Jack, owned by Bell Bro.s. & Wood, Wiota, Iowa. 

Nobility, by Big Square Jumbo. owne<l by J. E. Meharry. Tolono, 111. 



PROMINENT BOARS BETWEEN Iflla AND 1920 77 

Progressor, by Imperator, owned by Wm. Ferguson & Son, Scribner, 
Nebr. 

Orangepiece, by Mc's Big Orange, owned by W. H. Ellsworth & Sons. 
Goldfield, Iowa. 

Libera ti, by Liberator, owned by J. O. James, Braddyville, Iowa. 

The Minute Man, by Grant's Great Giant, owned by W. M. South, 
sville, Ind. 

The Ranger, by Long Orange, owned by Lewis Bros. & Cunningham, 
Childress, Texas. 

Chanticleer, by Liberator, owned by Frank L. Ryan, Flandereau, S. D. 

Supremus, by Liberator, owned by R. A. Welch & Son, Red Oak, Okla. 

Superior Giant, by W's Giant, owned by Frank L. Keller, Taylor, Mo. 

D's Giant, by W's Giant, owned by H. B. Atterbury, Madison, Mo. 

Liberator Ace, by Liberator, owned by Rhea & McLain, Kinney, Tex. 

Liberator Leader, by Liberator, owned by Kritzeck Bros., Howard 
Lake, Minn. 

The Jayhawker, by The Rainbow, owned by Frank M. Clark, Hedley, 
Texas. 

Checkit, by Checkniaker, owned by Henry Dorr & Son, Marcus, Iowa. 

Boars of 1920 farrow, worthy of mention : 

Peter the First, by Spring Valley Orange, owned by H. Obermann & 
Son, Monett, Mo. 

Archdale, by Chieftan, owned by F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa. 

The Winner, by The Clansman, owned by D. E. Hudson & Sons, 
Montezuma, Iowa. 

Freckles, by Liberator, owned by W. L. Mack, Faucett, Mo. 

The Invader, by Hawkeye Giant, owned by I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, 
Iowa. 

The Pathfinder, by The Rainbow, owned by I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, 
Iowa. 

Peacock Giant, by Grant's Great Giant, owned by Floyd Stanley, 
Grinnell, Iowa. 

The Guide, by Rainbow Boy, owned by E. W. Cook & Son, Trenton, 
Mo. 

Peter The Great 2d, by Peter The Great, owned by L. H. Glover & 
Belvidere Farms, Grandview, Mo. 

The Tarzan, by The Clansman, owned by Sol L. Leonard, St. Joseph, 
Mo. 



CHAPTER XI 

Foundation Boars of the Poland Chinas 

1 HE history of foundation boars should interest the boar owner of 
most any breed, as the history and knowledge of the genealogy of the 
most necessary and valuable part of the herd is a business necessity. 

- Ever since a boy upon the farm, large enough to read the advertise- 
ments and admire the photographs and drawings, usually the latter, of 
Poland Chinas, in the swine journals, I have, like many others, wondered 
just where they all started from, and if the so-called "Big Types" were 
any relation to the so-called "Hot Bloods;" or were separate and distinct 
new bloods. 

At that time the breed was undergoing some radical changes, and 
1 recall hearing many discussions, both as to the enormity of the offence 
and the high quality of the performance, according to the viewpoint of 




As He Appeared lo 



Tom Corwin 2d 2037 
at Ten Years of Age. He Is One of the Two Founiati 
of the Breed. Farrowed Ajiril, I87S 



the person in question. Territories were divided and breeders classified 
by the more radical on both sides, until to the beginner, the whole thing 
was a whirling puzzle. I have dug into the history of the breed, to the 
foundation stock, and found, not only were the "Big" Types" and "Hoi 
Bloods" "htter mates," but that all the prominent and great boars of the 
breed, with the exception of one boar, trace on the sire side of their 
pedigrees to two foundation heads, namely: Zack 310 (alias the Gal- 
laspie Hog), and Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 (See chapter on Foundation 
Boars and Sows). 

From the illustrations used, it will be seen that Chief Tecumseh 2nd 
14579 and Tom Cokwin 2nd 2037, are the pillars on which rest the breed's 
history. In other words, from these two boars, begin the branches of 
the Poland China tree, and all branches, both long and short, large or 
small, come directly back to these two foundation heads. 



FOUNDATION BOARS OF THE POLAND CHINAS 79 

There are, of course, other boars of present-day fame, whose names 
could be added, but the names given represent a sufficient range in 
breeding to prove all pedigrees traced on the sire side to the two founda- 
tion heads, and to establish three very important facts, namely: 

1. That all Poland Chinas, both "big types" and "hot bloods" are 
one and the same blood. 

2. That selection is the basis of all variance in types. 

3. The plasticity of the hog. 

From the beginning of pedigreed Poland Chinas the breed has 
weathered the storms of a multiplicity of ideas and fashions of the pro- 
ducer, achieving greatness in the minds of all, according to their fancy. 
Yet through all the trials and acid tests, the foundation has stood like 
the Rock of Gibraltar. 

Zack 310 (alias the Gallaspie Hog), pedigree as recorded in Volume 
1 of the Ohio Record, states that he was dark spotted; growthy, farrowed 



Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579 
One of the Two Foundation "Pillars" of the Breed. Farrowed June, 1890 

in 1867. Bred by William Gillespie, Red Lion, Warren county, Ohio; 
bought of him by Joel Cook, Franklin, Warren county, Ohio; sired by a 
hog bred by Harvey Gallagher, Red Lion, Warren county, Ohio; weight 
970 pounds. 

Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 pedigree, recorded in the same volume, states 
that he was black, large size, fine head and ear. Farrowed in April, 
1867. Bred by John Irwin, Darrtown, Butler county, Ohio. Sold to Mr. 
O'Fallon of Missouri; resold to Shephard & Alexander, Illinois, at the 
St. Louis fair, 1869, weighed at that time 1085 pounds. No sire or dam 
given. 

Zack is the sire of the Cook Hog 67, who, in turn, is the grandsire of 
flie Boyd Hog 40, considered to be one of the best boars of his day, 
weighing around 800 pounds, in breeding condition. He was used in the 
herd of David Monfoot, black in color and very smooth. The Boyd Hog 
sired Tom Corwin, the sire of Lady Duffield, and dam of Tom Corwin 



80 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

2nd, 2037 (the arch of the family tree in illustration No. 2). Tom Corwin 
is the grandsire of World Beater, a boar that did much to put D. M. 
Magie on the map as a Poland Qiina breeder. World Beater is a grand- 
sire of Tecumseh 4339, the boar that Ed Klever says sired more real herd 
boars than all of the boars used in their herds. 

King Tecumseh the son, and Chief Tecumseh the grandson, of the 
renowned Tecumseh 4339, were said to be more like the present-day 
Poland Chinas, large and smooth. Chief Tecumseh is the sire of Chief 
Tecumseh 2nd 14579 (the arch of the tree in illustration No. 1). 

Chief Tecumseh 2d was farrowed June 18, 1890; nine pigs in the 
litter, black with white points, body square, fine head and ear. 

Like the above enumeration of sires and grandsires of these old-time, 
renowned boars, the popular and prominent boars of today, whose 
names appear above the pedigree of Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579, step by 
step trace back to this wonderful and immortal boar. 

ILLUSTRATION 1 

Smooth Price Big Orange 

Disher's Giant Long Chief 

Big Joe Grand Master 

Big Ben Chief Defender 

Giant Buster Mouw"s Chief 

Long King Chief Price 2nd 
Long King's Equal Chief Price 

Home Run On and Off 

Keep On Meddler 

Spellbinder Chief Perfection 2nd 



Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579 by 
Chief Tecumseh 10815 by 
King Tecumseh 11793 by 
Tecumseh 4339 by 
IT. S. 1195 by 
World Beater 1213 
Beecher 15 
Tom Corwin 275 
Boyd Hog 40 
Young Cook Hog 301 
Cook Hog 67 

Zack 310 (alias Gallaspie Hog) by 
a boar bred by Harvey Gallagher. 



FOUNDATION BOARS OF THE POLAND CHINAS 



ILLUSTRATION 2 



Big Jones 
Big Bone 
A's Mastodon 
Big Price's Equal 
Golden Gate King 
Gerstdale Jones 
Smooth Big Bone 
Black Big Bone 
Long Big Bone 
A Wonder 



Big Timm 

Iowa's King 

Big Bob 

Columbus 

King of Wonders 

Big Bob Wonder 

Caldwell's Big Bob 

The Big Orphan 

Expansion 

Klever's Model. 



Tom Corwin 2d 2037 by 
Star of the West 1983 by 
General Hayes 507 by 
Butler 93 by 
Boyal Finch 235 
Coombs Hog 64 by 
Old Coombs Hog 200 
Old Billy 196 by 
Son of Irwin's Sweepstakes by 
Irwin's Sweepstakes 137. 



Chief Price 
61861 



ILLUSTRATION 3 



[Grand Chief 
r Grand Chief 3rd 20177 
28013 \ 



r Chief Tecumseh 



2d 14579 



Chief Perfection 
2d 42559 



rChief Tecumseh 
Chief Perfection 2d 14579 
32199 \ 



Let us now look at the illustration No. 2 and note the prominent 
boars and their breeding. 

Irwin's Sweepstakes is the grandsire of Old Billy 196, a boar used in 
the herds of Finch & Grear, Warren county, Ohio. He was exhibited 
at the Indiana State fair in 1872, weighing 1,005 pounds, and was what 
they called a well finished hog. Old Billy is th^ sire of the Old Combs 
Hog 200, and the sire of Combs Hog 54, a boar used by W. C. & Jas. 
Hankinson, Blue Ball, Warren county, Ohio. (It was in the home of 
W. C. Hankinson, where the first Poland China pedigree was written, 
September, 1876.) Combs Hog is the grandsire of Butler 93, farrowed in 
the spring of 1874, and was used in the Klever herds, for a number of 



»2 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

years. Butler was black in color, and his pedigree states that he was 
an excellent breeder. 

Butler is the grandsire of Star of the West 1983, one of the real herd 
boars of his day, and the sire of the immortal Tom Corwin 2d 2037, the 
arch of the family tree. 

Let me repeat again, that the boars whose names are so familiar and 
who appear immediately above the pedigree of Tom Corwin 2d 2037, 
only trace, through the sire line of their pedigree, to Tom Corwin 2d, 
some being but two generations, while others four, five or several genera- 
tions away. But all come through his pedigree. 

Tom Corwin 2d was farrowed April, 1878, eight pigs in the litter. 
Dark color, with white feet, broad back, heavy hams, fine built and a 
great prize winner. On his dam's side the seventh dam is the Old Hark- 
rader sow, the beginning of pedigree sows. 

Selection the Basis of Development 

Now that we know that all boars, both great and small, big type or 
little type, come from the same pedigree, the correct conclusion must, 
therefore, be that the difference in types in the development of tKe 
breed has been through selection. 

To bring this closely to you, I desire in illustration No. 3 to show how, 
with a given point, dating with Chief Tecumseh 2d, two branches were 
started in this great tree, one leading to the birth of the "hot bloods" and 
the other to the birth of the "big types;" yet both from the same par- 
entage, and about equally removed from the fountain head. 

In the fall of 1889, T. J. Harris, West Liberty, Iowa, exhibited at the 
Iowa State fair several Poland China sows called Maude of Manning 
strain. This family coming from the Lon Hunter herd. Morrow, Ohio, 
tracing on the dam side to the Old Harkrader sow. Several of the sows 
were purchased by Peter Mouw. In 1892 Mr. Mouw bought from W. A. 
Jones, Van Meter, Iowa, the owner of the immortal Chief Tecumseh 
2d 14579, a son of this old boar, called Grand Chief 20177. This boar 
was crossed on one of the Maud of Manning sows, and produced Grand 
Chief 3d 28013, the sire of the renowned Chief Price 61861, said by many 
to be the "father" of the Big Types. 

On the other hand. Chief Tecumseh 2d is the grandsire of the 
renowned Chief Perfection 2d 42559, the father of the majority so-called 
"hot bloods." Yet it was not the fault of this great boar, as he produced 
some equally as good as Grand Chief and Grand Chief 3d, but through 
selection of his finer coated six white points, tip ears, small boned sons 
and daughters, the promoters started what is known today as the 
"hot bloods." 

While these two extremes were being promoted Peter Mouw, H. C. 
Dawson & Sons and others kept choosing the larger, strong bone pigs out 
of each litter, and at the zenith of the hot blood days in 1904, Mr. Mouw 
exhibited Poland Chinas of the extreme Big Type that were elephants 
in comparison with the smaller hogs on exhibition, yet the basis of both 
in the beginning was the show ring type, as both selected the highest 
scoring animals as the foundation. 

Expansion 57691, the forerunner of Big Types in Nebraska, was said 
to be a "freak" in size, as he was so much larger than his little mates. 



FOUNDATION BOARS OF THE POLAND CHINAS 83 

Yet H. C. Dawson & Sons saw the possibilities in him, and today his 
name is immortal in the real hog history. He comes from the wonderful 
sow-producing family, Black U. S. 18345, a grandson of Tom Corwin 
2d 2037, who was the only real contemporary of Chief Tecumseh 2d 
14579, he being pre-eminently a sire of sows, and Chief Tecumseh 2d a 
sire of great boars. 

While the two family trees divide the great boars of the breed, 
placing an equal number of branches, yet they are all very closely inter- 
woven, until it is practically impossible to note a pedigree of most any 
hog without finding the blood of both freely crossed. For example. King 
of Wonders appears in the Irwin's Sweepstakes foundation, because his 
sire, A Wonder, traces there, while his dam is sired by Long King's 
Equal, the grandson of old Chief Price, tracing back to the Zack founda- 
tion. It has been this intermingling of blood and the selection of the 
larger and stronger pigs of the litters that has brought and will continue 
to bring the honor and leadership to this great American breed of swine. 

The Plasticity of the Hog 

As before stated, selection is the basis on which rests the development 
of the breed. It is wonderful, therefore, to note the remarkable trans- 
formation in the life of the Poland China breed, the maximum and 
minimum in types and markings, in size and qualities, to see the tide 
coming in and going out, all of which proves the true heritage of the 
breed and fulfils the assurance of the originators, who said in the early 
60's, "We are thoroughly assured that we have the elements, the basis of 
a great breed of hogs, and that by judicious discriminating breeding we 
can produce and thoroughly establish a breed of swine that will meet the 
demands of the country." 

No matter what you fancy in swine, whether it be long or short hair, 
or tails, large or small ears, little or big feet, size or quahty, you can, by 
selection and breeding, get the kind you want; you have but to follow 
the given rule, "Like begets like." 

How important it is to have judicious breeding by men who, like the 
originators of the breed, have a vision of the great possibilities "to meet 
the demands of the country" and leave nothing unturned to keep the 
standards of the breed forever upheld. Constructive breeders, not 
destructive breeders, to keep the nose of the critter pointing toward the 
top of the hill. 

Note — Since writing the above, and deeming it an item of interest, 
I have looked up all the available records, beginning with the first names 
of the boars of the two families, regarding the fecundity of the breed, 
as represented by these two foundation families. I find that the Chief 
Tecumseh 2d 14579 family show an average of Syi pigs per litter, and 
the Tom Corwin 2d 2037 family an average of 8 1-3 per litter. 

From statistics gathered in recent years, the general average is 
slightly larger, but not in the proportion that one would expect if a com- 
parison was based upon the criticism given the breed in the lack of 
prolificacy during the past fifteen or twenty years. 



CHAPTER XII 
Hot Bloods, Medium Types, Cold Bloods and Big Types 

The term "Hot Blood" was coined by J. V. Cotta, Indiana, then a 
breeder, but later a field man for a prominent newspaper. Just when 
he gave this descriptive term is not generally known, but is believed to 
be in the late nineties. It appeared first in one of his catalogs, under 
which were listed the names of about forty breeders, classed by him as 
breeders of "Hot Bloods," meaning Poland Chinas, intensely bred along 
a certain line. 

The classification was not void of effect, for it bound more closely 
the interests of the therein named breeders, encouraging, as it were, the 
struggle that was made to control the hog business. This, however, was 




r That Caused the Words -Bin Type" To Be Coined. One of the 
Greatest Breeding Boars of His Day, Aiding Mueh in Creating a Demand for 
a Change in the General .Si-.r of the Breeding and Show Poland Chinas. Far- 
rowed May, l<m 

not the original intention, but rather to pay a tribute, or distinguish 
from among Poland China breeders those breeders whose herds were 
largely predominated by the blood of certain boars that were wanted to 
be made supreme. Animals not possessing these bloodlines were called 
"Cold Bloods." 

Popular tradition has it there were four men who stood above all 
others in the command, and in directing the success of the new cause. 
These were termed by many as the "Powers That Were." One incident 
along this line, to show their power, was when an enterprising firm in 
western Iowa purchased the grand champion boar of the state show at 
a long price, were immediately informed that they could not expect to 
receive the support of the "Powers That Were." to put the boar on the 



BLOODS AND TYPES 85 

"map." In other words, they would see that the boar never would 
become noted. As a consequence the sale was called off. 

This particular incident was at the zenith of the "Hot Blood" days. 
For several years the atmosphere had been full of exorbitant high sale 
averages, with numerous partnership sales of two to ten owners of a 
single hog. In some instances sales were fixed before the auction took 
place, and at the conclusion of the sale there would not be enough money 
taken in to pay the expenses of the sale. This necessitated the giving of 
notes, which later were used promiscuously in the buying of high priced 
hogs. The disease grew from bad to worse, until so pressed were some 
of the breeders for money to meet their obligations at the banks, and 
for advertising their sales, that many began to cash in, if possible, all 
notes they held, both on hogs sold on Icgitiinate sales, as well as camou- 




Dy L.'s PerfectU 



Corrector 2646B 
■eerfino Show Roar of Medi; 
One-half Interest Sold for 



Types of National 



flaged reciprocity trade notes, which resulted in the financial downfall 
of a great many and a shortening of the life of the "powers that were" 
and "hot blood" influence. 

It must be understood that not all of the eastern breeders or all of 
the western breeders were identified in the foregoing history, but a great 
many from both sections. There were breeders residing in both sec- 
tions who, through fear of the "powers that were," did not launch out 
into the breeding of their favorite big, smooth hog, so silently carried 
their burdens along, waiting an exit of the "hot blood" fever. When the 
storm did subside, they began to appear with renewed courage to 
gather again the threads that were shattered and weave again the chain 
of progress of the favorite breed. 

Among the more prominent localities lending to the quick recon- 
struction was Western Iowa and Eastern Nebraska. Peter Mouw, 
through his persistency in showing his hogs, did much to show the 
extreme size of the breed, but the transformation from the little hog to 
the other extreme was not momentarily beneficial, but he paved the 
way for others, who used his hogs and modified and unified them into 
a large hog with finish. 



86 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

"Medium Types," referring to hogs that were crossed with "cold 
bloods," making them larger than the hot bloods, but not so large as the 
"big types," made its appearance about 1908, and has been used quite 
generally to the present day. Breeders of modern times use the words 
only in referring to certain bloodlines that do not produce so large a 
hog as others. 

The words "big type" are generally conceded to be coined by H. C. 
Dawson & Sons. They did much for the breed in the exhibiting of 
their stock annually, at a great many of the fairs. In 1901 they exhibited 
a large number of hogs at the Nebraska and Kansas State fairs, and 
carried with them a large sign with a lize-sized drawing of the old boar. 
Expansion, and the words, "Expansion Big Type Polands, Big Bone 
and Big Litter Kind." Reubel Bros., Marathon, Iowa, also claim the 
credit of originating the words, "Big Type." Just who did lays between 
the two above named parties, but the term has remained with the breed 
even to this day. 




CHAPTER XIII 

The Score Card and Its Influence 

IN THE early formation of the breed, a score card was adopted to 
correctly guide the beginner into growing an estimated 100 per cent 
American hog. For the information of the reader, we herewith publish 
a scale of points as adopted by the National Poland China Breeders 
Association at Chicago, 111., in November, 1885 : 

Color dark, spotted or black 3 

Head small, broad and face slightly dished 5 

Ears fine and drooping 2 

Jowl, neat and full 2 

Neck short, full and slightly arched 3 

Brisket, full 3 

Shoulder, broad and deep 6 

Girth around the heart 10 

Back straight and broad 7 

Sides deep and full 6 

Ribs well sprung 7 

Loin broad and strong 7 

Belly wide and straight 4 

Flank, well let down 3 

Ham broad, full and deep 10 

Tail tapering, not coarse 2 

Limbs strong, straight and tapering 7 

Coat thick and soft 3 

Action prompt, easy and graceful 5 

Symmetry, adaptation of the several parts to each other 5 

100 

SCALE OF POINTS AS nECOMMENDED PRIOR TO 1915 

Head and Face — Head short and wide; cheeks full; jaws broad; forehead high 
and wide; face short, smooth, wide between the eyes, tapering from eyes 
to point of nose, and slightly dished surface, even and regular 4 

Eyes Large, prominent, bright, lively, clear and free from wrinkled or fat 

surroundings 2 

Ears small, thin, soft, silky, attached to the head by a short and small knuck, 
tips pointing forward and slightly outward and the forward half drooping 
gracefully, fully under control of the animal; both of same size, position 
and shape 2 

Neck wide, deep, short and nicely arched at top from poll of head to 

shoulder 2 

Jowl — Full, broad, deep, smooth and firm, carrying fullness back to near 
point of shoulders, and below line of lower jaw, so that lower line will 
be as low as breast bone, when head is carried up level 2 

Shoulder — Broad, deep and full, not extending above the line of back, and 
being as wide on top as on back, carrying size down to line of belly, and 
having good lateral width 6 

Chest — Large, wide, deep, roomy, indicating plenty of room for vital organs, 
making a large girth just back of shoulders, the breast-bone extending 
forward so as to show slightly in front of the legs, and extending in a 
straight line back to the end of breast-bone, showing a width of not less 
than six inches between forelegs in a large, full-grown hog 12 



88 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Back and Loin — Broad, straight or slightly arched, carrying same width from 
shoulder to ham surface, even, smooth, free from lumps, creases or pro- 
jections, not too long, but broad on top, indicating well-sprung ribs, 
should not be higher at top than at shoulder, and should not fill at junc- 
tion with side so that a straight edge placed along top of side will touch 
all the way from point of shoulder to point of ham; should be shorter 
than lower belly line 

Sides and Kibs — Side, full, smooth, firm and deep carrying sides down to 
belly, and evenly from ham to shoulder; ribs long, strong, well sprung 
at top and bottom 

Belly and Flank — Wide, straight and full, drooping as low as flank at bottom 
of chest, back of foreleg, making a straight line from forelegs to hind 
legs; flank full and out even with surrounding portions of body; belly at 
that point dropping down on a line with lower line of chest; the loose 
skin connecting ham and belly being on a line even with bottom of side. . 




Hams and Hnmp — Hams broad, full, long and wide. They should be as wide 
at point of the hip as at the swell of ham. Buttocks large and full; 
should project beyond and come down upon and fill full between the 
hocks. The lower front part of the ham should be full and stifle well 
covered with flesh, and a gradual rounding toward the hock. Rump 
should have a rounded slope from loin to root of tail; same width as 
back and filling out full on each side and above the tail 10 

Feel and Legs — Legs, medium length, straight, set well apart and squarely 
under body, tapering well nuiscled, and wide above knee and hock, below 
hock and knee round and tapering, capable of sustaining weight of an 
animal in full flesh without breaking down; bone firm and fine texture; 
pasterns short and nearly upright; feet firm, short, tough and free from 
defect , 10 

Tail — Well set on, smooth, tapering, and carried in a curl 1 

Coa/— Fine, straight, smooth, lying close to and covering the body well, not 

clipped, evenly distributed over the body 3 

Color — Black, with white in face and lower jaw, white on feet and tip of 

tail; a few small, clear white spots on body not objectionable 4 

Size — Large for age and condition; boars two years old and over, if in good 
flesh should weigh not less than ')((() pounds; sows same age and condi- 
tion, not less than 450 pounds; boars eighteen months old in good condi- 
tion, not less than 400 pounds, sows 350 pounds; boars twelve months 



THE SCORE CARD AND ITS INFLUENCE 80 

old, not less than 300 pounds; sows 300 pounds; boars and sows six 
months old, not less than 150 pounds; other ages in proportion 5 

Action and Style — Action easy, vigorous, quick and graceful; style attractive, 
high carriage, and in male testicles should be of same size, and carriage 
readily seen, and yet not too large 3 

Condition — Healthy; skin clear of scurf, scales or sores, soft and mellow to 
the touch; flesh fine, evenly laid on, and free from lumps or wrinkles; 
hair soft and lying close to the body, good feeding qualities 2 

Disposition — Quiet, gentle and easily handled 2 

Symmetry of points 2 

Total 100 

The head of the hog in 1885 was worth five points, while today but 
four. Ej'es meant nothing then while today we demand a consideration 
of two points. Constitution was referred to as girth then, and was given 
ten points, while today we say chest twelve points; sides and ribes were 
classed as separate and distinct in 1885, with a total of thirteen points; 




Buster's Clipper 260S26 

Uy Giant Buster DOJii:,. Fhst Pii-.e Srt:ior Yearling Sow, Xrilioniil Hiriiie Show. Jlt'O. 

Weight C.iO Pounds 

today we join them allowing but nine; back and loin were also separated 
with a total of fourteen points, and at present are joined, allowing the 
same cut. Being more modest in those days, feet and legs were termed 
as limbs with a possible seven points, while today a cut of nine points 
is permissable. Nothing was required for size then, and now eight 
points. Style, condition and disposition are three additional require- 
ments today, all vital in the general makeup of the animal. 

Score card method of judging in the show rings was inaugurated in 
the late seventies, and was abandoned in the early nineties. To the 
novice it proved a good educator, but to the practical hog breeder and 
showman, it became menace, as no judge could twice score an animal 
and reach the same result, and a fraction of a point would in some cases 
count a great deal on a winner. It gave to the theorist a wide range of 
abuse on minor or non-essential pomts, and was largely responsible for 



90 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

the introduction of the fancy head and ear, and fine qualities of the 
breed, a mistake that took many years to correct. 

We wish to direct the reader's attention to the requirements of size 
as specified in the foregoing score-card. A two-year-old boar in good 
flesh should weigh not less than five hundred pounds, sow four hundred 
and fifty pounds; boar, eighteen months, four hundred pounds, sow 
three hundred and fifty. At twelve months, three hundred pounds, and 
at six months one hundred and fiftj' pounds. 

The score-card has been quite ignored by Big Type breeders who 
have evolved two year old and over boars at one thousand to twelve 
hundred pounds, sows from eight hundred up close to the thousand- 
pound mark; boars eighteen months old weighing frequently from 
eight hundred and fifty to nine hundred, sows same age from six hun- 
dred and fifty to eight hundred pounds; twelve months old pigs from 
five to six hundred pounds, and at six months from two hundred and 
fifty to three hundred pounds. 



CHAPTER XIV 

Auction Sales and Their Beginning 

r ROM the pedigree of the Old Harkrader Sow, one is reminded thai 
an early as 1862 auction sales were in practice. Little or nothing is 
mentioned of sales, strictly made up of pure bred animals, especially 
hogs. 

It remained for a Poland China breeder to inaugurate this very 
commendable plan, and give to the livestock world a new means of 
salesmanship. J. H. Bebout, Rushville, Ind., is the originator. Having a 
surplus of young stock on hands, he advertised the sale of them to the 
highest bidder on a given day in the fall of 1885. A good crowd attended. 




W.s Giant 251175 

By Disher's Giant i'lOias. A Breeding Boar Par Excellence. Weighed 1,100 

Pounds, Stood U Inches Tall 

many out of pure curiosity. The plan worked, and Bebout in one day 
sold his entire year's crop, which usually took several months to 
dispose of. 

Other breeders began to use the same method, and auctioneers began 
to flourish in keeping with the increasing demand for new sales. 

The bred sow sale system is also credited to a Poland China breeder, 
T. R. Wilson, Morning Sun, Iowa. His plans were talked over and 
counseled with Col. D. P. McCracken, Paxton, 111., who had the honor of 
conducting the first sale. 

Mr. Wilson had a vision that it was entirely possible to breed and 
sell a draft of sows, if proper advertising was given to the boar, as well 
as to the auction. Working on this theory, and for other good and 



92 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

sufficient reasons, he purchased a one-half interest in the famous Chief 
Tecumseh 2d, the boar at that time being owned by W. A. Jones, Van 
Meter, Iowa, and E. H. Andrews, Kearney, Neb., Mr. Wilson buying the 
Andrews interest. This sale was made December 3, 1895, and the first 
bred sow sale was made shortly after this date. 

Bred sow sales became quite the thing in order from here on, and 
for several years excited a lot of zeal and enthusiasm that the breed 
would have been much better off if some of the breeders had stayed 
within their limits. Advertising was sought after at any price. Wild 
descriptive announcements, highly colored or illuminated, with startling 
drawings of the skillful artists, graced the pages of the leading maga- 
zines, calling attention to the "greatest boar living." This, with the 
over-indulgence of fictitious prices, and an effort on the part of a few to 
corner the game, caused a ripple in the affairs of the breed, which are 
explained fully in another chapter. 




By Fashi 



CHAPTER XV 



Peter Mouw and Thirty-five Years of Big Types 

P ETER MOUW, Orange City, Iowa, to whom the Poland China pro- 
ducers today owe a debt of gratitude for the foresight and determination 
he possessed in preserving the great size and feeding quahties of this 
wonderful breed, was born in Oepe, Holland, 1852, coming to America 
with his parents in 1866. For two years 
he worked with his father in Penn- 
sylvania, grading road beds for the 
railroad, and afterwards moving to the 
Iowa prairie, where Orange City is 
now located. With his father he built 
the first residence in this now pros- 
perous county seat. 

Coming from an industrious ances- 
try, young Mouw soon became the 
owner of an eighty-acre farm, paying 
but $8 per acre for it. This farm, or 
Iv^'^^l^^^^^Hr^HKVHH father piece of land, as there were no 
. f "^^jj^^^^P^^R^nl-w^ buildings or fences, was situated about 
one mile northeast of the present 
*//■,» ~ ^m ■ "^ Orange City. In one of the barns there 

t'll-r- -■:— 1. - .^» -' ^„..-^ now hangs the old yoke used on the 
oxen with which Mr. Mouw broke the 
sod, planted the crops and hauled the 
fencing and house material for the first 
improvements. Today he owns one- 
half section parallel to the first eighty 
acres, valued at around $300 per acre, 
and 600 acres of good land in South 
Dakota. 
We do not recall ever having visited a farm more thoroughly 
equipped with every improvement imaginable. Buildings by the dozen 
make it look like a small town within itself. There are four beautiful 
dwelling houses, three large hog barns, besides numerous small barns 
and sheds, two extra large cattle barns, sale pavalion, hay barn, grain 
elevator, machine sheds, silo, ice house and modern barn equipments; 
a complete water supply system in all the buildings and in each lot, an 
electric light plant furnishes light for every building, as well as power 
to elevate and grind the feed, pump the water, run the cream separator 
and turn out the family washing. Just press the button. All kinds 
of farm machinery are also in evidence, besides a Ford sedan, two 
Ford touring cars and one Ford truck. Upon asking Mr. Mouw why all 
were Fords, he said, "If you want quick service, you do not use a draft 




Peter Mouw, Orange City, Iowa 



94 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

team or a lumber wagon, but you want a driving team and buggy, so I 
want a Ford." Just why he prefers little cars and big hogs was not fully 
explained. 

As a boy Peter Mouw was taught to believe in good livestock of all 
kinds. In 1886 he purchased his first purebred Hereford bull, Castello, 
and three cows, paying $1,000 for the four. People thought he was 
beside himself, but the cattle suited him, as they were the largest to be 
found, and he always remembered the instructions of his father, "As 
long as you sell in pounds, deal in pounds." This advise, Mr. Mouw says, 
is the basis of his determination to grow the largest varieties of livestock 
and poultry possible. He has demonstrated this beyond a question in 
his Poland Chinas, and hopes to be able to show the Hereford breeders 
a real 3,000-pound bull. 

Prior to 1884 nothing but grade hogs were raised on the farm. 
During the spring of 1884 Mr. Ross, of Marcus, Iowa, but late of Illinois, 
visited Mr. Mouw and took a great delight in making fun of the grade 
pigs, until Mr. Mouw said, "What kind have you? If they are any better 
I want some of them." The reply was that he had Poland Chinas, and 
that if Mr. Mouw would bring four of his grades to the Ross farm, they 
could be exchanged for two pure bred gilts. Sometime during the sum- 
mer Mr. Mouw caught four of his grades, put them in an empty salt 
barrel, and drove to the Ross farm, returning with his first two pure bred 
Poland China gilts. That fall he could see there was a difference in 
the blood, and immediately prepared the majority of his grades for 
the market. It was during the old Chicago State fair in 1*^84 that Mr. 
Mouw sold his grade hogs on the Chicago market. He afterwards 
visited the fair and purchased a Poland China gilt from Dufiield & 
Shellenberger, Somerville, Ohio. Before returning home he visited the 
J. W. Coffman & Bro., Danvers, 111., herd of Poland Chinas and pur- 
chased a boar. From this stock he raised hogs for the market, proving 
to his satisfaction that they were superior to his grades. 

HIS F0UND.\TI0N HERDS 

In 1889 a visit was made to the Iowa State fair. The main attraction 
to Mr. Mouw was the hog show. In the under-year herds several good 
exhibits were made, but the highest scoring herd, owned by Correll & 
Coffman, Mechanicsburg, 111., became the property of Peter Mouw. These 
three animals arc recorded in Volume 13 of the American Poland China 
Record as Orange King 18323, Illinois Maid 57682 and Illinois Maid 
2d 57690. At the same fair T. J. Harris, West Liberty, Iowa, was exhibit- 
ing several pigs from the Maud of Manning strain that he had secured 
from the herd of Lon Hunter, Morrow, Ohio, tracing quickly to the Old 
Harkrader Sow, the foundation sow of the Poland Chinas. These were 
large, useful hogs, just suiting Mr. Mouw, and he purchased several head. 

Orangi- King 18323 was mated to these sows, producing, as Mr. 
Mouw says, a wonderful lot of large, tiirifty hogs. The next full, 1890, 
he purchased from Harris for $100 Jumbo 3d 18321, by Young Jumbo 
17533, by Jumbo 15655. Of Jumbo l.")(;.V). it was said he weighed 1100 
pounds on the Iowa Slale fair grounds in 1888. Mr. Mouw says Jumbo 
3d 18321 weighed over 1000 pounds in 1893, at the same fair, and he 
was grooming him for the World's fair at Chicago that fall, having 



PETER MOUW AND THIRTY-FIVE YEARS OF BIG TYPE 95 

received special distinction from the state board of agriculture of his 
state by their commissioning his herd as one of those to represent the 
state in the swine exhibits at the World's fair. Between the close of the 
Iowa State fair and the opening of the World's fair, this boar was acci- 
dentally killed by breaking his neck in an attempt to get over a fence 
to fight. This boar, according to Mr. Mouw, did more than any other 
to establish the sow herd that gave him the firm foundation for the 
superior size hogs he afterwards bred. 

In 1892 Mr. Mouw made an exhibit of his hogs at the Iowa State fair. 
W. A. Jones, Van Meter, Iowa, the owner of Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579, 
was there with an exhibit of sons and daughters of this grand old boar. 
The pigs showed size with a touch of quality that attracted Mr. Mouw, 
resulting in the sale of the best pig. Grand Chief 20177, for $75 to Mr. 
Mouw. This boar bred true to the expectations of his new owner, and 
after the death of Jumbo 3d 18321 he was quickly fitted for the World's 
fair, showing as a yearling. 

Unfortunately, the show herd became alTected with cholera on the 
World's fair grounds and he lost them all, one of the big sows dying 
in the show ring. Mr. Mouw says he did not know it was cholera until 
later, as he thought the hogs had eaten some glass. He came home, only 
to find out that the balance of his herd were down with cholera, and he 
lost 180 head. 

Out of those saved was a pig sired by Grand Chief 20177, and out 
of Jumbo 3d dam, farrowed May 5, 1893, that was quite a prospect, and 
Mr. Mouw began to develop him. He is recorded as Grand Chief 3d 
28013, and is the sire of the renowned Chief Price 61861, who in 1901 
began to make real Poland China history. Of Grand Chief 3d, Mr. 
Mouw says that he was much like the present day hog, weighing around 
1000 pounds, and had a coat of hair like silk. 

HARD TIMES IN 1894 

Towa citizens, Uke the citizens of other states, suffered untold hard- 
ships during the period of 1894 to 1897. Mr. Mouw was up against it, 
the same as were his neighbors. The big Poland China was fast growing 
into disfavor with the majority of the Poland China breeders. The 
little fine bone, fine ear, six white point pig was in demand. Cholera 
had wiped out the coveted profit with which he hoped to meet the debt 
remaining on the new 160 acres he had purchased in 1893. Oats sold 
for 15 cents a bushel. The new land did not produce enough to pay the 
interest on the loan. There was no market for his cattle, most of the 
hogs had died with the cholera, real estate not worth much as a loan 
value, yet $1200 interest money had to be raised, besides money to buy 
feed for the stock on the farm. Through a friend the loan was secured 
in Wisconsin, thus staying off the wolf from the door. 

With the same opposition confronting a great many people, they 
would have taken the "count" and dropped by the wayside, but not so 
with a man of determination like Mr. Mouw, who could not forget the 
old adage, "Where you lose your money, there you will find it again," 
so the fall of 1894 found him in attendance at the Iowa State fair, 
where he purchased Surprise 28007 for $100 from John Jones, Rewey, 
Wis. While it is not authoritative, one would infer that the hog was 



Ofi HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

named after the judge had passed his decision, and instead of an 
ordinary boar, Mr. Mouw owned the first prize pig of the show. Surprise 
was a well finished hog, jet black in color, and made a perfect cross on 
the Jumbo 3d and Grand Chief sows. 

The year 1895 did not prove eventful, as the drouth effects had not 
worn off and every bit of grain that could be secured went to keeping 
alive the stock they had on the farm. In 1896 another exhibit to the 
Iowa State fair was made. The boom for "hot bloods" had begun in 
earnest, yet Mr. Mouw says his hogs looked so good he was awarded a 
diploma by the state board of agriculture, which he still has framed 
and hanging on the wall. At this fair he purchased Young Jones 39723, 
a son of Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579, and of him Mr. Mouw states he was 
one of the best breeding boars he ever owned, crossing well on all the 
sows and active in the herd for a great number of years. 

THE GREATEST MISFORTUNE 

Out of all hardships and losses suffered, there is one mishap Mr. 
Mouw has not forgotten or forgiven. So determined was he to show his 
contemporaries that the big hog was the real hog, he staked all in fitting 
a herd of thirty-three head for the State fair in 1897, and by a mishap 
in not getting the entries made in time, he was not permitted to compete 
for the prizes. This so unstrung him, and with the lack of general 
popularity for his type of hogs, he was discouraged beyong reconcilia- 
tion, returning home with the entire thirty-three head, and he has never 
shown hogs at his State fair or attended the fair since. 

THE FIRST CATALOGED SALE 

On November 17, 1897, was held the first cataloged sale of Poland 
Chinas from the Mouw herd. The terms in his catalog read: "All 
sums of $15 and under, cash. On sum over $15, time will be given until 
October 1, 1898, if desired. Strangers will be required to furnish ref- 
erence." Two sales were held in 1898, a bred sow and fall sale. The 
profits from these helped to buy grain, as there was no market for 
cattle. On January 31, 1900, he sold a drove of brood sows at the State 
fair grounds, Springfield, 111. From the Farmer's Review we quote 
the following: "The brood sow sale held at Springfield, 111., by Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa, was fairly successful. A fair sized crowd 
was present. The stock was something of an oddity in that section of 
the country, being of the exceedingly large kind. Though in a few 
instances they lacked finish, they were remarkable for their size. There 
were some very good sows, which M'ere also very large. The top sow 
sold to Burgess Bros, of Bement, 111., at $53, on lot twelve. The entire 
sale averaged $25." Mr. Mouw states that if it had not been for the $500 
the railroad company paid him for damaging his car in transit, he 
would have been compelled to borrow money to return home. 

While hogs were selling cheap, the cattle market began to rise, and 
in the spring of 1900 he took seventy-five head of his pure bred Here- 
fords, of his own breeding, to Omaha and sold them at auction. The 
sale was a success, amounting in total to $9700 clear to Mr. Mouw. All 
of this went to wipe out the indebtedness on the farm. 



PETER MOUW AND THIRTY-FIVE YEARS OF BIG TYPES 97 

GREAT BOARS IN HIS HERD 

Longfellow 38611, farrowed October 21, 1891, bred by L. D. Stone, 
Madison, Wis., sold to Peter Mouw May 9, 1898, was a wonderful big 
boar, weighing, as Mr. Mouw says, over 1100 pounds. Unfortunately, 
he only had a few sows mated to him when he died. In loading the 
boar in a wagon to take him to the county fair, a large sow accidently 
got in the wagon and jammed the old boar until he died. The great 
breeding boars, Longfellow 2d and Longfellow 3d, were sons of this 
wonderful breeding boar. 

Among the great boars owned or bred by Peter Mouw, the greatest 
is Chief Price 61861, a grand grandson of Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579. This 
bpar was bred and sold in dam by Peter Mouw. In the fall of 1901 
he traded a fall yearling boar, weighing over 500 pounds, for Chief 




Price, and it was in his hands this boar began achieving the distinction 
of being the "father" of the big types. 

In 1902 Mr. Mouw showed his hogs at the Illinois State fair and the 
International Livestock show. The herd boar was Chief Price, weighing 
1005 pounds. Among the sows was Molly King, a wonderful sow, weigh- 
ing 900 pounds. They were too big for the judge at the Illinois State 
fair, states Mr. Mouw, so after several flat turn-downs in the show ring, 
he stayed at the pens and began to sell hogs, and that night he slept 
happily with $1100 worth of hogs sold and the money in his "jeans." 

In 1904 he made his final exhibit of hogs at the World's fair, St. 
Louis. The main herd boar was Long Wonder 85533, a son of the 
famous Surprise Wonder 4th 59693, and the sire of the celebrated A 
Wonder 107353 A, 47460 S. The sow herd was the strongest, having in 
it two two-year-old sows, one weighing, Mr. Mouw says, over 900 and the 
other over 800; also one yearling sow weighing over 700 pounds, after 



08 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

having raised a spring litter. This sow, Mr. Mouw says, was the best sow 
he ever raised. She was sold to a Texas breeder for .'p22.'^. In speaking 
about the worth of this exhibit to his sales value, Mr. Mouw says that 
in all the showing of his hogs, there never was such an interested crowd 
as at St. Louis. 

Chief Price 61861 lived to be a very old hog, and did much to keep 
the immense size and finish in the herd. Surprise Wonder 4th 59693, a 
grandson of Surprise 28007, was an invincible producer. Orange Chief 
82233, by Chief Price 61861 and out of a $225 sow sold to a Texas 
breeder, was also an outstanding sire. Chief Price 2d 93149, Long- 
fellow 119997, Square Jumbo, Smooth Jumbo, Longfellow Jr, Black Big 
Jumbo, Chief Jumbo 2d, Black Big Bone, Mouw's Orange, Mouw's King 
Jones, Iowa King, Gerstdale Jones 244187, Big Bone 137161 and Big 
Jumbo 153879 made history for this herd. The last three boars, Mr. 
Mouw says, were his real outstanding sensational herd boars, after 
Chief Price. 

The majority of these he bred and raised, while others came directly 
from his stock. The greatest boar ever purchased, Mr. Mouw says, was 
Gerstdale Jones, bought for $400, and after using him in the herd for a 
short time, sold him for $6600. Big Bone was sold to J. H. Wintermute, 
and was an outstanding sire of sows. Chief Price 2d was sold to M. P. 
Hancher, and did lots to produce the large, easy feeding Poland Chinas 
in his herd. Big Jumbo 153789, farrowed March, 1909, sire Big Bone 
137161, out of a daughter of the old Chief Price, was at the head of the 
Mouw herd for a number of years, and in speaking of him Mr. Mouw 
says that no other boar outside of Chief Price was so valuable a breeder 
as Big Jumbo. 

The breeders of the "hot bloods" used to advise Mr. Mouw to secure 
one of their boars to cross on his big ones to get a better hog. Just to 
show them what a failure it would be he paid $50 for an extreme "hot 
blood" boar, and bred him to the largest sow he had on the farm. The 
result was a litter of two pigs. The boar was so distasteful to Mr. Mouw 
that he sold him within three weeks after he bought him to a man at 
Iowa City, Iowa. The boar died and Mr. Mouw gave the fellow, as he 
says, a real boar. The twin pigs were sold in his sale that fall. 

In speaking about the fun breeders of "hot bloods" used to have 
with him, he tells about a breeder at a fair who said, "Peter, your hogs' 
ears are too large, they should have small ears like our hogs." There 
was a small boy standing near Mr. Mouw, and reaching over, he took 
off the boy's hat, placing it upon his own head. "Now," he said, "that 
would be the way my big hogs would look with little ears." 

SUCCESSFUL SALES 

Seldom did a year go by without at least one sale of hogs from this 
herd. Somebody bought them, and up until 1906 the "somebody" was 
usually his local farmer neighbors. But, all of a sudden, the breeders 
began to flock to his herd and buy hogs right and left, and from 1908 to 
this date there has been no question as to whether his sale would be a 
success; it was more of a question if he would have enough to go around. 

Like any business man, he increased his herd and has had as high as 
eight and nine herd boars on the farm at one time. Cholera would creep 



PETER MOUVV AND THIRTY-FIVE YEARS OF BIG TYPES 99 

into the herd once in a while, destroy a great part of the herd, yet he 
kept on. He was now reaping the harvest of the many years of hard 
labor, during the time he stuck to the big hogs, when nobody seemed to 
want them and very few would buy them. The remarkable returns he 
has been able to get for his perseverance and adherence to one fixed 
idea has been because of the fact that, when hog men became disgusted 
with the small, fine bone kind and turned to look for more size, Mr. 
Mouw had it to much greater degree than anybody else, and he has been 
able to cash in handsomely on his lifetime idea. 

In 1913 cholera besieged the herd again, and Mr. Mouw decided to 
vaccinate. Since that time every animal has been vaccinated to keep 
the herd immune. 

The fall sale of 1917 averaged $308 on 104 head, and $450 on the bred 
sow sale in February, 1918, thus showing the popularity and demand for 
his type of hogs. 

TWO TRIPS BACK TO HOLLAND 

In 1908 Mr. Mouw and his faithful, hard-working wife decided they 
were entitled to a little rest, so they took a trip across the waters to 
their native country, Holland. They were gone some little time, as they 
need not worry about debts or the farm. Stephen De Jong, their son- 
in-law, was a partner in the firm and cared for their interests at home. 
Tn 1913 Mr. Mouw made the trip again, accompanied by his brother, at 
this time touring no little in the countries adjoining Holland. 

There have been many stories current that he always kept his money 
hid in the cellar or on the farm, preferring not to trust it in a bank or 
in bonds. Answering this, Mr. Mouw says he never had enough to bank, 
as it took all he could get together to pay the feed and hired help bills. 
It is a fact, however, that up until a few years ago he did keep it in 
the house in a safe, and paid his bills all in cash. The reason for this was 
through the failure of one of the local banks in 1900, when he had the 
total receipts of his cattle sale, $9700, on deposit, awaiting maturity of 
the mortgage on his farm. Fortunately Mr. Mouw had withdrawn the 
entire amount just before the failure, although many others lost their 
life earnings. Since the banks have state guarantee of deposits, he has 
banked every cent received and pays all his bills by check. 

RECEIVES BLACK HAND LETTER 

One morning in January, 1918, a letter was received from the Black 
Hand, demanding $10,000 be placed at a certain spot, or his life and 
property would be destroyed. Officers of the law were put on track 
of the Black Hand, and Mr. Mouw took to the spot a leaf out of an old 
song book, with a hope of showing the erring fellow the right way to 
live, but he never came after the money or the song. 

There is an unusual attachment to the farm life for Mr. and Mrs. 
Mouw that makes them feel more at liomc out on the farm among the 
stock and household duties, and they will never retire to the spacious 
city home they could now well afford. They have every comfort that 
the city would give them and more, as a home of happiness for them 
would not be complete without the low of contented cattle, the squeal 



100 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

of thrifty pigs, and the music of the barnyard fowls, which have all done 
their "bits" in making possible the comforts of their home. 

America's possibilities proven 

In telling this story, no thought has been given to any possible adver- 
tising value it may have. The only endeavor has been to set down the 
facts of what has certainly been a most interesting and important career, 
carried out so successfully by one not any too well equipped in the 
beginning for work of this kind. 

Undoubtedly the most striking fact in connection with it is the con- 
vincing illustration it gives to the possibilities offered in America to 
those who, to its shores, endowed with pluck, determination and indus- 
try, come. ~ 

The work of preparation has been not only instructive but very 
interesting, as an illustration, not only of the possibilities mentioned 
above, but also of what the livestock business of America holds in the 
way of interesting work and remunerative returns, when backed by the 
fixed determination of such men as Peter Mouw. While the hog business 
gave much to him, yet Mr. Mouw certainly has contributed important 
and far-reaching things to the hog business, and particularly to his 
favorite breed, and the reward he secured for this great work was 
undoubtedly no greater than he deserved. 



CHAPTER XVI 

High Selling Poland Chinas 

Outstanding sires or dams are usually very scarce in any breed, 
and as such demand prices that oftimes seem exhorbitant and out of 
reason. However, after the boar or sow in question has had ample 
time to prove their ability they rarely ever turn out unsatisfactorily to 
their purchasers. There are many instances where the purchase of a 
remarkable sire, at what seemed a long price, has proven to be the 
master stroke of a man's career, and it is beyond question that the failure 
to own a really good herd boar has put more men out of business than 
ever did the purchase of boars at prices that were too high. The real 
tragedies of the Poland China business have in many cases resulted in 
the buying, at an extravagant price, boars whose reputation had been 
built entirely upon show ring record, or because of certain lines of 
breeding, or because of the reputation of the man who owned him. 

It is safe to say that the man who purchases a boar to head his herd, 
with the view in mind of first improving his herd, and second, for the 
advertising, usually lasts longer in the business than the one who 
reverses the program. There have been many notable instances where 
price received more attention and mention than any other feature of the 
herd, and when practiced by too many breeders the result has been that 
the breed has made no real progress so far as the production of better 
hogs. In other words, history shows that the greatest strides to real 
breed perfection has been accomplished during the years when little 
was heard of prices. 

The breeders in the seventies rarely kept a boar longer than for two 
crops of pigs, and yet in spite of the moderate prices received, the 
business was profitable. In the eighties the business took on new life, 
when old Tecumseh 4339 was sold for two hundred dollars. He had 
proven a wonderful sire, perhaps the greatest sire for the number of 
years in service as any boar of the breed, and there is no question but 
that the purchaser had this in mind in selecting this grand old boar to 
head his herd. 

In 1889 King Tecumseh 11793, said to be the greatest son of old 
Tecumseh, was sold to C. A. Marsh, Jesup, Iowa, for $500, and was 
exhibited the same year at the Iowa State fair, weighing in ordinary 
flesh over eight hundred pounds. In 1892 the sale of Black U. S. 18345 to 
W. Z. Swallow, Boonville, Iowa, for $500 created quite a stir in Poland 
Chinadom. The boar had made a national reputation, but high prices 
were very much out of order and could not be believed. The first 
attempt to make real advertising value out of a high price paid was on 
George Wilkes 14487, selling to J. H. Bebout, Rushville, Ind., in the fall 
of 1889 for $625. The leading papers were strong in their criticism, as 
were also the breeders, but the boar made good for Bebout, and demon- 
strated to the public that a real breeding boar's worth cannot be esti- 



102 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



mated. George Wilkes was a son of King Tecumseh. He later sold to 
Cantrall & Garrett, Waynesville, 111., for $750 in the Bebout closing out 
sale. 

Happy Medium 19913 sold as a pig to D. C. Miller, Vermillion, S. D., 
for $300. He was a full brother to George Wilkes, and no doubt it was 
for this reason that he demanded so large a price, but the boar made 
good in the herd of Miller, producing the boar, Happy Union, that sold to 
a syndicate of breeders for $4000. This later transaction happened in 
1897, the sensational "price" year of the business up to that time. It was 
this same year that the Klever's Model syndicate was formed and pur- 
chased what was supposed to be Klever's Model for $5100. This resulted 




The Pickett 323529 
By Oranye Boy 230161 

in what was undoubtedly the most remarkable lawsuit the hog business 
ever saw, over the identity of a hog, which spelled disaster to everyone 
connected with it. 

Other notable sales during 1897 were as follows : Big Chief Tecumseh 
2d to S. E. Shellenberger, Somerville, Ohio, for $681 ; Old Look Out to 
McQuiston Bros., Gerlaw, 111., for $1600. A group of Stanberry, Mo., 
breeders organized as the Look Me Over Breeding association and 
purchased Look Me Over 19417 for $3600. The climax was reached in the 
sale of breeding interests in Chief Perfection 2d, by Lukens & Fites, 
Disko, Ind., which was totaled to be $40,000. The whole transaction 
was not a satisfactory one from any standpoint. 

There was a decided lull in the high prices for a few years, and 
breeders were more than careful in making purchases to assure their not 
losing by the transaction. Among such precautions were carefully drawn 
contracts, based upon a guarantee that the boar would live three months, 
and prove to be a reasonably sure breeder. In case the boar failed as 
a breeder the breeding service was one hundred dollars each, for the 
sows that might have proved safe. Among the boars sold this way were 
Chief Sunshine 2d 75587, and Impudence 97557, the latter being the 
Iowa State grand champion in 1905. 



HIGH SELLING POLAND CHINAS 103 

Nineteen hundred five brought out a few high seHing boars, among 
them being Keep On 61015, a champion of the International Livestock 
show; Spellbinder 93317, a winner at Iowa; Regulator 96255, champion 
of Illinois 1905, selling for !f;2500; On the Dot 106355, the 1906 Illinois 
champion, a half interest was sold for .')i2500; Meddler, the grand cham- 
pion of the world's fair, St. Louis, 1904, was sold for $3000 to E. H. 
Ware, Douglas, 111. On the boar's reputation Ware made a sensational 
bred sow sale the next winter. Later a half interest in Meddler was 
sold for $3000 to Hebber & Roy, Peck, Kas. 

High selling litters came very much in style in 1906, and for a few 
years were the featuring spot lights of the breed. Among these we men- 
tion a few to show the prices paid. November 20, 1906, B. F. Reid, 
Veedersburg, Ind., sold a highly advertised litter for $3900. Among 
these was the sensational boar Home Run 115555. On December 20, 1906, 




just a month later, occurred the sensational sale of Frank Winn and E. H. 
Ware, when sons of Meddler and Meddler 2d sold at dazzlingly high 
prices. Among these were Jubilee 123333, an April pig, selling for $2000; 
Voter 133333, selling for $1600. The climax for high litter selling was 
reached in the Goodrich sale, Eldon, Mo., when a spring litter sold in 
October for $13,600. The litter was by Chief Perfection 2d, and out of 
Cute Keep On, a little sister to On & On, both being by Keep On. The 
top pig was Ten Strike, selhng for $5025. 

The entire business was so out of proportion to values that a quick 
ending was not a surprise, which came about 1908. The sales from 
here on were very slow and within reason, largely due to the lessening 
of popularity for the "hot bloods," and the changing over to the "big 
types." Nothing sensational happened to mar the horizon until Feb- 
ruary of 1910, when Henry Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa, paid the record 
price of $360 for A Wonder. This gave the "big type" a wonderful 
impetus, and because the boar was a great breeder, and the man who 
owned him a genius in advertising, the transaction was very successful. 

Big Price 73212 sold by T. W. Cavett, Phillips, Neb., to W. J. Graham, 



J04 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Howard Lake, Minn., October 27, 1915, for $1000. This boar had won 
first in class at the Nebraska State fair and grand champion of the 
Kansas State fair, the fall of 1915. The price given had only been 
reached but once up to this time, but was generally approved by the 
public. The seller advertised the sale with a picture of the check. 

Grand Master 67666 sold to W. A. Leet, Omaha, Neb., December 1, 
1915, for $2500. This boar was included with the entire herd of F. H. 
Hassler, Manning, Iowa, and the boar's value fixed as $2500. 

The next "high light" that attracted marked attention was the sale 
of King Joe 251257 in March, 1916, to W. B. Wallace, Bruceton, Mo., for 
$1250, and afterwards selling as a five year old to Bert Harriman for 
$3500. Both transactions were more than successful. Nineteen hundred 
seventeen brought out a great many high selling boars and boar pigs. 
Records were smashed every few weeks. Chief Defender's Choice 
292069 set a high mark for an eight month old pig, selling for $2250 
at public auction. Buster's Giant 310667, another boar pig, sold for 
$2000, both boars going to R. A. Welch, Red Oak, Okla., Severe's Big 
Timm 252065 selling to R. A. Welch for $2500. 

Perhaps the most sensational sale of 1917 was Gerstdale Jones 244187 
from Peter Mouw to Carter & VanDeventer, Mexico, Mo., the price being 
$6600. This stirred the entire country and the new firm made a sensa- 
tional sale on sows bred to this boar the following February, averaging 
$683. Nineteen hundred eighteen was equally as important for record 
smashers, two sales especially jarred the entire country, when Liberator 
sold as a six months' old pig to L. H. Glover. Grandview. Mo., for $3000, 
and Col. Jack selling to Paul Wagner for $10,200. The latter boar was 
first in his class at the Iowa State fair, 1918, being defeated for grand 
championship. The record fall sale average was established by L. H. 
Glover on November 16, 1918, and was only bettered by his sale on Octo- 
ber 13, 1919, when an average of over $1200 per head for forty spring 
pigs was obtained. 

Boar prices mounted still higher, and the sale of Evolution to a 
syndicate for the price of $25,200 brought out a great deal of adverse 
criticism. Later, Mabel's Jumbo 244031 sold to Henry Hey, Polo, 111., 
for $18,000 in public auction, after breeders had volunteered to deliver 
twenty-three sows to be bred to the boar, Halford & Hassler, the sellers, 
agreeing to take ten of the services at $500 each. This transaction also 
called forth a great deal of criticism, the breed papers calling the breeders 
to task for sales that were otherwise than made upon sane and profitable 
basis. 

Prior to the sale of Mabel's Jumbo, the noted boar. The Clansman 
92964, the sire of Liberator and Designer, was sold to Wm. Wrigley, Jr., 
Lake Geneva, Wis., for $15,000. Breeders did not question this sale, as 
they realized the boar being the sire of two noted boars, and selling to a 
millionaire, could be made pay out. At the close of the year 1919, 
Designer 93699 was sold by Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Neb., to D. C. 
Lonergan & Sons, Florence, Neb., for $30,000. This boar was the first to 
command as much as $1000 for a single breeding service. 

Nineteen hundred nineteen was a record selling year. Many sensa- 
tional prices were paid, among which arc the following: 

Harrison's Big Bob sold to C. C. Potter, Pattonsburg, Mo., for $10,100. 



HIGH SELLING POLAND CHINAS 105 

Wonder Buster sold to Head & Gray, Palmyra, Mo., for $10,200. 

The Yankee 298157, sold to W. H. Ellsworth & Sons, Goldfield, Iowa, 
for $40,000. 

The Pickett 325529, sold to Tow Bros., Norway, Iowa, with a herd of 
sows for $104,000. The Pickett was listed as $60,000. 

Dunndale Pilot 329667, sold to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, for 
$50,000. 

With January, 1920, began a new series of sale record smashes. The 
notable sale of Fashion Girl 219444, the dam of Liberator and Designer, 
sold at public auction in the L. H. Glover sale for $17,200, selling to F. R. 
McDermand, Kansas City, Mo. This sale made an average of $3,112.00 
per head on the catalogued offering, being a record far in excess of 
anything like it. The evening of the same day Model Giantess 3d 683068, 
the second prize aged sow at the 1919 National Swine show, was sold to 
Colvert Bros., Oxford, Ind., carrying a litter by Liberator, for $11,300. 

Columbian Giant 374229 sold to F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo., 
during the summer of 1920, at private sale for $20,000. Peter the Great, 
a little brother, sold one-half interest to L. H. Glover and Belvidere 
Farms, Grandview, Mo., for $5000, the owner of the other one-half 
refusing to sell for $12,500; Checkers 110686 selling to Jim Bloemendaal, 
Alton, Iowa, for $20,000. 

Kramer's Kind 219443, the dam of The Clansman, the sire of Liberator 
and Designer, sold with a litter of ten pigs at side by Hoosier Bill 110345, 
to Arlington Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., for $14,600, September 10. 1920. 



CHAPTER XVII 



Fecundity and Prolificacy 



If we were to suggest any one criticism that has done more to harm 
the progress of the Poland Chinas, it would be on prolificacy. No doubt, 
some of the accusations were just, but for the most part, they were 
erroneous and unfounded. 

We have previously called your attention to the large litters pro- 
duced during the early years of the breed's history. Litters of seven to 
eleven were no uncommon thing, and litters of even larger number, 
which would indicate very nmch the opposite of a lack in fecundity. 

During the years of the demand for a smaller, finer hog, this partic- 
ular qualification suffered in proportion to other essentials, and there 




Dij Giniit Blister .'l«M7. Dam MolUc W. 70J6W. One of the Prciiiier 
Daughters of •The Epoch Maker" 

is no question but that tlie small sows would not produce very large 
litters. But we would not have you draw a conclusion detrimental to 
the fecundity and prolificacy of the breed, for certainly they could not 
be judged by the idea of man as to style. 

Since the breeders began to produce more size in their hogs, there 
lias been no room for criticism, as the sows farrowed large litters, and 
in many cases too many to properly handle. It is a well known fact 
that in most every breed the sows usually farrow more pigs than are 
profitable to attempt to raise. 

Investigations of several hundred herds, covering a number of years, 
shows an average number of pigs farrowed i)cr sow was nine and three- 
fourths. The report mentioned litters of twelve, thirteen, fourteen, 
fifteen and as high as eighteen pigs. One of the leading breed papers 



FECUNDITY AND PROLIFICACY 107 

carried on a similar investigation with as satisfactory results, reporting 
the average of nine per litter. 

With little attention and treatment the Poland China sow as a 
mother is the equal of any and the superior of the great majority as a 
producer and suckler of good sized litters of pigs of uniform character. 
She seldom farrows an unthrifty pig and a runt in the Htter is an 
exception. 

Frequently is a litter of Poland Chinas farrowed in the spring, driven 
into the ring of a fall sale, weighing over a ton. Therefore, the Poland 
China sow is the best mother, because she produces good pork the most 
rapidly and economically. 




,ADY CLAN :i:;7569 
I 92964 A Sow Possessing Great 
Outstanding as an Individual and 
Producer 



CHAPTER XVIII 

Poland China as a Feeder and Lard Producer 

1 HE Poland China for feeding and fattening is the most popular ot 
all breeds. They have immense size, mature early and finish quickly on 
a given amount of grain. Even as early as 1870 this claim was made 
for them. According to a report given by Hon. L. N. Bonham, of Ohio, a 
leading authoritj' on livestock questions. He says: 

To show that the Poland China had, in 1870, attained unsurpassed 
excellence in their readiness to fatten at any age, and their rapid growth, 
we quote the weights of two lots of pigs, fattened when eleven months 
old: 

One lot of 30 averaged 384 pounds 

One lot of 10 averaged 410 pounds 

One lot of 38 averaged 528.89 pounds 

One lot of 2 averaged 719 pounds 

The net average of this last lot of forty pigs was 531 pounds. 
The change in the market from a larger, older type of hog to the 
smaller, younger shoat, weighing around 225 pounds, the Poland China 
has been the leading element in meeting the new demand. On every 




First Prize Pen of Barrows Under IS Months, International'Stock Show, Chicago, 1920 
Exhibited by University of Illinois 

market the major receipts of killers are of the Poland China blood, 
either pure bred or crossed with other breeds. Many important feeders 
claim they cross their hogs with a Poland China boar to get the early 
maturing qualities, and it may be admitted for size also. As lard 
producers the Poland China cannot be excelled. Their ability to lay on 
flesh rapidly, naturally makes them a lard producing animal, and to 
fatten easily is to fatten economically. 

For several years leading shows and expositions have offered large 
premiums on fat hogs, both as individuals and dress percentages. These 



POLAND CHINA AS A FEEDER AND LARD PRODUCER 100 

contests have been held from Maine to California, with the final and 
tribunal contest at the International Livestock show held each year, 
since 1904, in Chicago. All breeds are judged separately for champion- 
ships, single barrow and pens, and then are brought together for best 
barrow and pen of barrows over all breeds and cross breeds. The 
following list of winners over all breeds should be evidence conclusive 
of the superiority of the Poland China. 

1904— Poland China, exhibited by W. H. Sibbitt, Pence, Ind. 

1905 — Hampshire, exhibited by E. C. Stone, Armstrong, 111. 

1906— Yorkshire, exhibited by Thos. Canfield, Lake Park, Minn. 

1907 — Grade, exhibited by Goodwine & Goodenough, Pontiac, 111. 

1908 — Polar^d China, exhibited by Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. 

1909— Poland China, exhibited by Jno. Francis & Son, New Lenox, 111. 

•1910- Berkshire, exhibited by Sheffield Farms, Glendale, Ohio. 

i911— Chester White, exhibited by J. W. Brendell, Zionsville, Ind. 

1912— Polai^d China, exhibited by Jno. Francis & Son, New Lenox, 111. 

1913 — Poland China, exhibited by Jno. Francis & Son, New Lenox, 111. 

1914 — Poland China, exhibited by Howard B. Francis, New Lenox, 111. 

1915 — Show called off, due to foot and mouth disease. 

1916 — Show called off, due to foot and mouth disease. 

1917 — Berkshire, exhibited by Hood Farms, Lowell, Mass. 

1918 — Pol^i^d China, exhibited by Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. 

^1919— Poland China, exhibited by Missouri State College, Co- 
lumbia, Mo. 

-1920— Poland China, Pen of Barrows, by Oklahoma State College, 
Stillwater, Oklahoma. 




Big Bob Orphan 11 li: 
Nolcd Show mid Brrerling Boa 
late, 1019, and Grand Chainpior 



CHAPTER XIX 

Important Brood Sows and Their Influence on Breed Building 

1 HE underlying success of any nation lies in the quality of the woman- 
hood. Men may be born great or achieve greatness, yet neither without 
the aid and influence of a mother, whose life, whether a leader before 
the public or a common, unnoticed existence, has given her best- in the 
production. 

Animal life is no exception. Through selection the breeds have made 
their greatest strides to improvement, and by the use of the pedigree, 
man has had even greater advantages toward a logical selection than 
otherwise. Boars that have been born great are few and far between. 




Miss Highland 267922 

By Highland Giant inisri by The Giant. Dam by Giant Buster. 

Wonderful Individual in Type, as Well as Producer. Was Top Sow 

of Indiana, 1919 

but boars who have achieved greatness are many, and the striking facts 
are that few were from sows of other than the practical utility kind. 

In the beginning of Poland China historj', it was the pedigree of a 
sow that was first written. Much was said as to her dam, while com- 
paratively little was said of the sire. The Old Harkrader sow was the 
basis of pure lineage, and the breeders for many years demanded that 
their pedigrees be traced back to this sow, which is attested by the 
pedigrees recorded in the first few volumes of each record association. 

Among the first "strains" of outstanding families in the Poland 
Chinas, after the Old Harkrader sow, was the Black Bess family, known 
as winners at a great many of the big shows. Her daughters and grand- 
daughters were very much in demand. Following her fame came the 
Corwins, also noted as a "sow" producing family, adding ruggedncss and 
roughness to his get. Tecumsch 4339, pre-eminently the king of sires 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILDING 111 

in his day, became famous in the production of boars, as did his noted 
son. Chief Tecumseh 2d 14579, while Black U. S. 18345, a grandson of 
Tom Corwin 2d 2037, the only real contemporary of Chief Tecumseh 2d 
14579, was an outstanding sire of sows, and for a great number of years 
the Black U. S. family was very much sought after. 

Wilkes family, directly from George Wilkes and Guy Wilkes, pro- 
duced outstanding sows, and these sows, crossed on the sons of Chief 
Tecumseh 2d, produced very choice offspring. The Maud of Manning 
strain, produced in the herd of T. J. Harris, were among the good sows 
of the early nineties. A number of these were sold to Peter Mouw, and 
were the foundation of his herd, and were directly responsible for the 
production of Chief Price, the "father" of the big type. Expansion 
26293, a direct descendant of Tom Corwin 2d, was the sire of many very 
choice sows, full of quality and large of frame. 

Several so-called medium type sows were unquestionably very pre- 
potent producers, and the families of Hulda's, Gilmore Slick, Darkness, 
Pet, were in keen demand. Breeders of note have given much credit to 
the sow in retaining as much size as was maintained in the medium types. 

Among the sows of the past twenty years (1900 to 1920), there have 
been several who have electrified the world by their outstanding ability 
as producers of breed improvers, both male and female. No doubt, in 
the minds of a number of our readers, sows, who are not mentioned in 
this chapter, will be of greater importance than some that are herewith 
mentioned, but we are vain enough to think that, after an exhaustive 
research of the breed's greatest sows, we have nearly covered the more 
important ones in this review. We enlarge on these in the giving of 
extended pedigrees to show the reader the genealogy and character of 
ancestors necessary to a successful producer. 

Giantess 225094 A (67128) S, farrowed February 16, 1901; litter, 9. 
Bred by H. H. Cunningham, Anamosa, Iowa; sold to Fred L. Bood, 
Clearfield, Iowa. Got by Nelson 16800, out of Lady Price 2d 67127. 

/Domino 9169 
\Young Giantess 21141 
fuitra 11740 

Nelson IGSOO J ' ""'"' "' 1°°' ^"'''"'' "^64 

Ulysses Grant 5115 . |f ""°"'' ^'"^ "" '^^^ 



Domino Jr. 11738. 



\Lady Mustard 2d 10237 

Maggie 21975 /Pattis Sambo 1637 

(.Beauty 21974 

McKelvie 2056S /McWilkes 9242 

I., John Duffield 32159 



Risky N. 59736. 



Nelson 16S00 
.Miss Risky 59735 



{ 

Don Price 2S326 1 °"« ^""^ J""- 18"8 

L Dutchess of Early 

{ 



Lady Price 67126...^ LDutchess of Early 67125 

.Cassie C. 67124. 



Ray Wilkes 2d 28325 
Prairie Queen 67120 



Giantess was truly one of the very greatest sows of the breed, very 
large and rugged, yet possessing great breed character. Her offspring 
were in very great demand, and as producers carried the character of 
their dam. Giantess produced her first litter March 10, 1902, and her 
last litter August 20, 1906. Her litters averaged in number of pigs 
farrowed, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen. She was mated to the 



112 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

following boars: Crescent Tom 31725; P. W. Perfection 58207; Guy's 
Best 25552; Longfellow H 34522; R's Pawnee Lad 3994L and Rood's 
Tecumseli 38269. Perhaps the greatest litter was farrowed September 
20, 1904, among them being P. W.'s Giantess used in the Pfander & Sons 
herd for many years, and was the da mof Long King's Equal, the greatest 
son of Old Long King. It will be noted in the pedigree of Giantess that 
she is line bred, however somewhat removed from Nelson the sire, to 
Risky N, the grand dam on the sire side of the dam of Lady Price 2d. 
Giantess was a htter sister to Anna Price, that was one of the great pro- 
ducing sows of the breed. She weighed 920 pounds. 

Mammoth Giantess Equal 84552, farrowed September 2, 1910; litter, 
10. Bred by J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa. Got by Long King's 
Equal 177373; dam. Mammoth Giantess 3d 391308. 



C Long King 45S37. 



Chief Price 61S61 
Long Mollie 1014 



MAMMOTH 
GIANTESS 
EQUAL 



Giantess 6712S. 



Giantess 1th 39505. 



A line bred Giantess sow, and a producing sow of renown. Her iirst 
litter was by A Wonder 107353; the second by Big Joe 200767, and the 
third by Big Ben 208905. It was the third litter that brought fame to this 
sow and gave to the world one of the greatest families for the advance- 
ment of the breed in many years. We refer to Disher's Giant 240655, 
Hercules 68356 S, and Mammoth Giantess 13th 519358. Disher's Giant 
went east and was the prime factor in the great impetus of the breed 
from 1914 to 1920. Hercules, while not the breeding boar of his litter 
brother, proved superior to many boars of his day. Mammoth Giantess 
13th sold for the record price of $3300, carrying a litter by the renowned 
Gerstdale Jones. Another sow in this litter, known as Mammoth Lady 
547128, was sold to Fesenmeyer and was one of the great brood sows in 
his herd. The litter by A Wonder 107353 produced the great breeding 
boar King of Wonders 205757, used so successfully in the Pfander & 
Sons herd. The litter by Big Joe 200767 produced Pfander's Giant 219567, 
retained in the Pfander & Sons herd. 

Lady Lunker 538712 A, 182572 N, farrowed February 24, 1911; litter. 
8. Bred by Wm. Lentz, Ankeny, Iowa; sold to W. C. Disher, New Weston, 
Ohio, October 13, 1911; sold to Sol. L. Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo., March 
29, 1918; resold to Harry Moore, Gardner. Kas., January 23, 1920; resold 
to H. C. Bigelow, Gardner. Kas. Got by Big Crow 162503; dam. Black 
Night 394520. 

Lady Lunker in the herd of W. C. Disher proved one of the breed's 
greatest brood sows, through her ability as a producer of extra choice 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILDING 113 

herd boars and as the dam of Big Lil 555924, the dam of Giant Buster. 
In the Disher herd she produced ten htters. She was sold in the Sol. L. 
Leonard sale January 23, 1920, carrying a litter by W's Giant and far- 
rowed twelve pigs. We list a few of her litters. 



fBig Surprise 144749. 



Date 366544. 



{Miller's 
M.'s M. 



Up to Date 104673. 



LADV LUNKER 



Model 90421. 



John L. Ex. 



I Giantess Ex. 355474. 



Litter farrowed May 22, 1912; litter, 9. Sire, Big .Wonder 178565. 
World's Big Wonder 233209, retained in the Disher herd. Big Lil 555924, 
the dam of Giant Buster. 

Litter farrowed March 4, 1914; Utter, 12. Sire, Disher's Giant 240655. 
Ohio Giant 245093, sold to J. L. Gutshall & Sons, Illinois. Lunker's Giant 
294103, sold to A. S. Rubey, Indiana. 

Litter farrowed February 23, 1916; litter, 16. Sire, Disher's Giant 
240655. Big Lunker 325221, sold to F. M. WiUiams, Indiana; resold to 
Ezra T. Warren, Kansas; resold to A. V. Young, Missouri, 1920. Morton's 
Giant 323735, sold to George Morton, Kansas. Big Lunker 2d 334079, sold 
to Jno. A. Williams, Ohio. 

Litter farrowed October 22, 1916; Htter, 11. Sire, Disher's Giant 
240655. Giant Lunker 310119; sold to H. R. Wenrich, Kansas. 

She also farrowed litters by Orange Giant 270817, by Orange Boy 
230167, and by Disher's Big Defender 312379; bred by Disher; sold to 
Sol L. Leonard, and resold to Harry J. Blackburn, IlHnois. 

One of the characteristics of Lady Lunker and her get were their 
longevity. At the age of nine years she farrowed a litter. 

Big Lil 555924 A, 195342 N, farrowed May 22, 1912; litter; 9. Bred by 
W. C. Disher, New Weston, Ohio; sold to Harry Moore, Gardner, Kas., 
February 15, 1918. Got by Big Wonder 178565; dam. Lady Lunker 538712. 

Big Lil, as the dam of Giant Buster, the "Epoch Maker," gained no 
little fame, and as the dam of many other noted boars her name has 
become a household word, being admired and praised for her many 
productions. Her sire, Big Wonder, was sold to Edward Hickey, 
Nebraska, when at the age of five years for $800. A list of several of her 
great productions will be a testimony to her greatness. 

Litter farrowed February 25, 1914; litter, 12; Sire, Disher's Giant 
240655. Giant Buster 240657, sold to Williams, Wilhams & Spurling, 
Indiana. Giant Buster 2d 255311, sold to Jas. H. Williams, Indiana. 

Litter farrowed October 2, 1914; Htter, 12. Sire, Disher's Giant 
240655. Denny's Giant 268493, sold to Geo. M. Denny, Ohio. Big Lil 3d 
648896, sold to Arvel Flora, Indiana. Buster's Sister 669982, sold to Jno. 



114 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



N. Sicks & Son, Iiuliiyia. Lil Dislicr 684944, sold to W. F. Kerlin, Indiana. 
Big Lil 2d 688386, sold to W. F. Kcrlin, Indiana. 

Litter farrowed February 12, 1916; litter, 12. Sire, Disher's Giant 
240655. Giant Buster ot Indiana 296261, formerly recorded as Giant 



Big Wonder 17S565 ) 



fWonJor 13741 



Lady Monarch 4263D4. 



Wonder 3d 90541 
Orange Maid D. 209504 
f Perfect I Am S8267 
Monarch's Best 34S156 



fBi 



g Crow 162503. 



Big Surprise 144749 
Own Date 366544 
Iowa's Model 134347 
Giantess Ex. 355474 



Buster of Kentucky, sold to H. H. Hopkins, Kentucky; resold to W. F. 
Kerlin, Indiana. Wonder Buster 293975, sold to L. J. Long, Indiana; 
resold to W. B. Wallace, Missouri; resold to Carter & Van Devcnter, 
Missouri; resold to W. L. Clay, Missouri; resold to Head & Gray, Mis- 




.souri, 1919. Big Buster 3d 294477. sold to James J. Evans, Indiana; resold 
to Thornton Breeders Association, Indiana. Big Liberty Loan 317737 
(formerly Boulder Buster 308601); sold to S. G. .lohnson, Kabel & Wig- 
gins, Indiana; sold to J. G. Johnson; resold to E. W. Nelson, Missouri; 
resold to W. B. Cash & Son, Missouri. Giant Lil 714332; sold to J. G. 
Johnson, Indiana ; resold to E. W. Nelson, Missouri. Giant Lil 2d 669836; 
sold to F. W. Sebum, Ohio; resold to Line Lukens, Indiana; resold to Wni. 
Funkhouser, Indiana. 

There were a lew litters farrowed in which no boars were recorded, 
but the sows were sold to many prominent herds and were great pro- 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILniNG 115 

ducers. Farrowed one litter by Gerstdale Jones 244187, twelve pigs in 
litter, raising but three sows. A litter by Big Liberty Loan 309309, owned 
by Glover & Moore, and farrowed March 8, 1919, fourteen pigs, in which 
five sows were recorded and went in to very prominent herds. 

Susan 2d 468926 A, 160555 S, farrowed March 8, 1911 ; litter, 11. Bred 
by Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Neb. Got bv Long Boy 139597; dam, Susan 
412728. 



f Longfellow 119997. 



Long Boy 139597. 



Standard Maid B. 24S108. 



[^Orphan Boy 143415. 



Susan 412728. 



tengthy L. 41171 



r Longfellow 7th 95747 

[Mollie Fair 2d 266940 

f Chief Standard 51713 

Orange Maid A. 209500 

Big Expansion 143413 

Lady Ansley 3519S8 

fKing Look 2d 125657 

Lengthy .".th 412432 



Susan 2d was a very choice sow, weighing around 600 pounds. As a 
producer there were but few her equal, especially in the litters sired by 
Big Timm 190903. She had a litter sister, known as Big Susie, that was 
also very prepotent. Susan 2d was the dam of Fessy's Timm, Severe's Big 
Timm, Funkhouser's Timm and many other noted boars. She was a 
great granddaughter of Longfellow 7th, and a granddaughter of Orphan 
Boy. Big Timm, the boar with which she mated so well, was also a 
great grandson of Longfellow 7th, and a grandson of Orphan Boy. The 
Longfellow 7th breeding is also to be found in the pedigrees of Big Bob, 
Designer, Liberator and others. 

Joe's Giantess 175445, farrowed September 14, 1913; litter, 10. Bred 
by H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa. Got by Big Joe 62174; dam. Black 
Giantess 1st 160475. 



Chief Price 2d 41357. 
fSmooth Price 554S7. 

( Smooth Maid 133596. 
ig Joe 62174. ^ 

fBig Bone 53069.. 

13S3S2 J 

I Mollie Jones .".th 
JOE'S GIANTESS ^ 133595 

'Chief Look 6050S. 

Fashion's Pride 
14S141 
Blac 



rChoice Look 62255. 



II 14S141 
[King Dodo 2d 5423.'! 
Black Giantess J 
!«""" ] Giantess Prospect 

L 130593 



r"Third generation. 



Old 



Joe's Giantess at two years of age stood 43 inches high, and was one 
of the longest, tallest sows of the breed. She was the foundation of the 



116 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Checkmaker family, which includes Checkers, Check-It, Constructor and 
is the granddam of Preston Giantess 709644, the dam of Grant's Great 
Giant, Peter the Great, Columbian Giant, K's Big Jones and D's Big Jones. 
She is also the dam of Timm's Giantess, the Texas grand champion sow 
of 1918. 

The litter in which Joe's Giantess was farrowed, she was considerably 
larger than any other member of the litter, and remained in the lead the 
rest of her life. She was mated to Fesenmeyer's A Wonder by old A 
Wonder for a 1915 spring litter, and from this litter came Clarinda 
Giantess 635436, a sow that resembled her mother very much. A litter 
brother was sold to H. A. WesseLs, Cromwell, lowaTand while the boar 
died young he was the sire of several sows of extreme size. Clarinda 
Giantess was mated to Fessy's Timm 256027, that was recently purchased 
by Fesenmeyer from Wm. Ferguson, winning junior champion honors 
at the Nebraska State fair, and from this mating came Preston Giant- 
ess 709644, the dam of the great litter of boars before mentioned. 
A litter sister, known as A's Giantess, was retained in the. Fesenmeyer 
herd and mated to F's Big Jones 320555, produced the boar Checkmaker, 
the sire of Checkers. There is no question but that Joe's Giantess has 
given as much to the improvement of the Poland Chinas as many of 
the great boars of the breed. Her daughters have proven the greatest 
producers and have transmitted their type to their offspring. 

Buster's Best 660818, farrowed September 17, 1915; htter, 6. Bred 
by J. E. Gardner & Son, Pennville, Ind.; sold to W. C. Williams & Sons, 
Thornton, Ind., October 1, 1916; resold to C. D. Wellington, Clymers, Ind., 
November 21, 1916; resold to Colvert Bros., Oxford, Ind., March 24, 1917; 
resold to Moore Farms, Gardner, Kan., October 16, 1917; resold to L. H. 
Glover, Grandview, Mo., and Harry H. Moore, Gardner, Kan., November 
10, 1918. Got by Giant Buster 240657; dam. Big Susan 508986. 

(Big Ben 20S905 
Mammoth Giant. Equal 484552 



Giant Buster 240657. 



BUSTER'S BEST 



Big Susan 50S9.^6. 



Big Wonder 178565 

I Big Lil 555924 < 

I^Lady Lunker 53S712 

fThe Big Orplian 17101» 

fjumbo 185275 ] 

[^Uneeda Wonder 371596 

r Victor 153933 

[Long Mollie 2d 45601S S 

[Long Mollie 397150 

The "Queen of Polands" as she was referred to, because of her 
immense size with great breed character, and a record for show ring 
winning, as well as for production. She stamped her likeness in every 
offspring, and for the most part they were large, good feet and legs, and 
excellent producers. She was noted more for the production of good 
females, but many of her sons achieved fame in the show rings and 
Ijreeding pens. She farrowed three litters that brought her fame, a part 
of which we herewith list: 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILDING 117 

Litter farrowed March 26, 1917; litter, 9. Sire, Williams Wonder 
288291. Jennie Hillcrest Buster 733344, sold in dam to Colvert Bros., 
Indiana; resold to W. K. James, Missouri. Josie Hillcrest Buster 
734634; sold in dam to Colvert Bros.; resold to W. K. James; resold to 
Robert E. Thompson & Son, Missouri. Jannie Buster 777384, sold in dam 
to Colvert Bros.; resold to W. K. James; resold to Sol. L. Leonard. 

Litter farrowed April 19, 1918; litter, 12. Sire, Gerstdale Jones 244187. 

Litter farrowed March 9, 1919; litter, 9. Sire, Liberator 356319. 
Momentum, sold to E. E. Farver, Iowa, for $6,000. Revelation, sold to 




Winn & Moore, Missouri, $8700. Liberator Buster, sold to W. J. Graham, 
Minnesota, $6100. Headliner, sold to C. V. Keller, Indiana, $2800. Lib- 
erators Best, retained in herd. Liberators Best 2d, retained in herd. 

The two gilts were winners of first and second prize in class at the 
National Swine show, 1919, and Liberator Buster was winner of first in 
class at the same show in 1920, with Revelation as second prize winner. 

Fashion Girl 219444 S, farrowed February 1, 1917; Htter, 12. Bred 
by F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa. Sold to Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, 
Ind.; resold to L. H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., and Harry H. Moore, Gard- 
ner, Kan.; resold to F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo., January 19, 
1920. Got by Masterpiece 76100; dam. Fashion Princess 181288. 

Fashion Girl became famous through her sons. Liberator and 
Designer. She possessed breed character and broodiness that made her 
a great mother. Her litters were uniform and were raised without runts. 
After Liberator had sold for a record price, the sow was re-mated to The 
Clansman, and sold as an attraction in the Silver Brook sale, being 
purchased by Glover & Moore, Mr. Glover being the owner of Liberaior. 
Other litters out of her being in so great demand, enhanced her value 



HISTOHY OF POr.AND CHINA SWINE 



many times, and she was sold January 19, 1920, in the record sale of L. 
H. Glover for $17,200 to F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo., being the 
record price for a sow of any breed. There is no question but that her 
sons. Liberator, Designer and The Pioneer, have added very materially 



fGrand Master 67666. 



Masterpiece 76100. 



Esther's Standard 137)18 



FASHIOX GIRL 



Fashion Princess 1S12SS. 



j'Longv 



•s Wonder 



^Lady's Thickset 172924 



f Giant Standard 62191 

I 

[Long Girl 2d 132374 
I' Chief Price 2d 48S63 
I Extra Long 7th 122625 

Long Wonder 2d 67159 
Lady Big Bone 160620 

I' Big Wonder 64827 

l_Wonder Thickset 1st 160621 



to the improvement of the breed, their influence radiating to every 
section of the United States. 

Litter farrowed Januarj' 1, 1918; litter, six. Sire, The Clansman 
92964 S. Liberator 92965, sold to L. H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., July 1, 
1918, for $3000. Designer 93699, sold to Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Neb., 




Fashion Girl 2i ;i 

By Masterpiece 16100. The Dam of Liberator 92905. Ii. 

Boars. Sold for tn,SOO, the Worlds' j; 



eral Other Great 



for $5000; resold December 1, 1919, to D. C. Lonergan & Sons, Florence, 
Neb., for $30,000. 

Litter farrowed February 13, 1919; litter, 10. Sire, The Clansman 
92964. Cavalier, sold to W. D. Jones, Atkins, Iowa, for $5000. The 
Pioneer, sold to E. A. Wiggers, Evansvillc, Ind., for $5000. The Volunteer, 
sold to G. E. Sampson, St. Joseph, Mo., for $1200. The Muskateer, sold to 
Lone Tree Farm, Green Lake, Wis., for $1000. Fashion Girl 2d, sold to 
Olipiuuit & Kreh, Vincennes, Ind.. for $2500. Fashion (iirl 3d, sold to 
W. D. Jones, Atkins, Iowa, for $1100. 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILDING 119 

Litter farrowed August 16, 1919; litter, 5. Sire, The Clansman 92964. 
Boar, to Beachon Stock Farm, Indiana, $3000. Boar, to Chas. S. Keith, 
Kansas City, Mo., $2000. Boar, to B. E. McMillan, Blanchard, Iowa, $3500. 

Litter farrowed February 3, 1920; litter, 11. Sire, The Clansman 
92964. Boar, to D. E. Hudson, Montezuma, Iowa, for $6000. Boar, to 
Holman Lee, Boonville, Mo., for $5000. Boar, to A. F. Dankenbring, 
Sweet Springs, Mo., for $2500. Gilt, to R. T. Winningham, Ardmore, 
Okla., for $2500. Gilt, to R. T. Winningham, Ardmore, Okla., for $2000. 

Among other notable brood sows, who have contributed much to the 
improvement of the breed and whose influences will continue to radiate 
through the years to come, we list the following: 

Nellie B 369494, farrowed March 8, 1908. Bred by H. C. McGath, 
Ames, Neb. Sold in dam to R. B. Baird, Central City, Neb. Got by 
Orphan Boy 143415; dam, Purple Girl 319660. 

The dam of the Big Orphan 171013 and Columbus 176435, Columbus, 
the Nebraska grand champion, 1912, and the Big Orphan, the grand 
champion of Nebraska, 1913; the latter one of the greatest progenitors 
of the breed. 

Topsv 492666, farrowed February 23, 1911 ; Htter, 9. Bred by J. D. & W. 
E. Gates, Ravenwood, Mo. Sold to E. W. Beery, Shambaugh, Iowa, Octo- 
ber 17, 1911; resold to L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa, February 17, 
1912. Got by A Wonder 107353; dam. Gate's Up-to-Date 403136. 

The dam of Mc's Big Orange 293865 and Mankato Wonder 245891 
(later known as Korver's Orange Wonder) . The former is the sire of The 
Yankee and The Pilot. 

Orange Lady. 2d 662580, 177742 S, farrowed February 10, 1914; litter, 
11. Bred by L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa. Got by Hercules 232407; 
dam. Orange Lady 537670. 

The dam of The Yankee 298157 and The Pilot 279441. The Yankee 
sold for $40,000, and The Pilot was grand champion of the world. 
National Swine show 1919. Both were sired by Mc's Big Orange 293865. 

Miss Big Wonder 175143 S, 515668 A, farrowed March 6, 1913; litter, 
14. Bred by Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa. Sold to Chris Seivers, Ross, 
Iowa, February 25, 1914. Got by Big Wonder 64827; dam. Big Model 
171614. 

The dam of Harrison's Big Bob 83302 and Big Fashion 82663. Harri- 
son's Big Bob won at the Missouri State Fair, 1919, and sold in a disper- 
sion sale for $10,100. Big Fashion was the sire or grandsire of many of 
the top sows in the record sale of L. H. Glover. Both were sired by 
Big Bob. 

Lady Big Crow 541824 A, 192586 N, farrowed March 4, 1912; litter, 10. 

Bred by William Lentz, Ankeny, Iowa. Sold to W. C. Disher, New 
Weston, Ohio, February 26, 1913. Sire, Big Crow 162503; dam. Patsy 
391616. 

The dam of W's Giant 251175 and Indiana Giant 304243. W's Giant 
was one of the breed's greatest progenitors. Both were by Disher's 
Giant 240655. 

Kramer's Kind 592374, farrowed March 8, 1915; litter. 0. Bred by J. 
J. Kramer, Sheldon, Iowa. Sold to I. B. Morgan, Galveston, Ind., June 
27, 1916; sold to T. E. Thompson & Sons, Franklin, Ind.; resold to Arling- 



120 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

ton Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., September 10, 1920. Got by Right Kind 
197975; dam. Big Standard 578106. 

Kramer's Kind became famous as the dam of The Clansman 92964, 
the sire of Liberator 92965. She is also the dam of The Guardsman. At 
the age of five years she sold to Arhngton Farms, Indianapolis, Ind., 
with a litter of ten pigs at side, by Hoosier Bill 110345, for $14,600. 

Orange Queen 727462, farrowed March 16, 1917; litter 9. Bred by 
H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa. Sold to Yotter Bros., Oakville, Iowa, 
July 12, 1917. Got by Fessy's Timm 256027; dam. Orange Girl 671056! 

Orange Queen is the dam of Dunndale Pilot 329667, Hawkeye Giant 
323785 and Black Cloud 323787. Dunndale Pilot was the Iowa grand 
champion 1920, and Hawkeye Giant the sire of the National Swine Show 



grand champion sow. Giant Maid 1920. As a sire, both ranked among 
the leading boars of the breed. Dunndale Pilot sold for $50,000. 

Preston Giantess 709644, farrowed February 26, 1917; litter 10. Bred 
by H. Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa. Sold to John Grant, Preston, Iowa, 
February 7, 1918. Got by Fessy's Timm 256027; dam, Clarinda Giantess 
635436. 

Preston Giantess became famous through the great litter of five boars 
that she farrowed spring of 1919, known as Grant's Great Giant, Peter 
the Great, Columbian Giant, D's Big Jones, and K's Big Jones. A litter 
possessing unusual size, scale and type. They were undoubtedly the 
litter of largest boars ever farrowed. 

Ger-stdale Queen 544980, farrowed April 7, 1914; litter 7. Bred by 
Gerstdale Farm, Alton, Iowa. Sold to Harry H. Moore, Gardner, Kan., 
October 25, 1917; sold to Carter & Van Devinter, Mexico, Mo., January 
2, 1918; resold to Sol. L. Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo. Got by Gerstdale 
Price 210631; dam, Gerstdale Fashion 512634. 

Gerstdale Queen as the dam of F's Big Jones 320555 and Big Jones 



INFLUENCE ON BREED BUILDING 121 

276531 became renowned. She was sold in the famous Carter & Van 
Deventer sale, February, 1918, at a record price. F's Big Jones used in 
the herd of H. Fesenmeyer is the sire of the noted litter out of Preston 
Giantess 709644. He was grand champion boar of the Iowa State Fair 
1919. The Checkmaker family was produced from F's Big Jones and 
A's Giantess. Big Jones in the herd of Sol. L. Leonard achieved great- 
ness as a sire of extra large, choice offsprings. Both boars are litter 
mates, and are by the celebrated Gerstdale Jones 244187. 

M's Choice 648344, farrowed April 1, 1915; litter, 6. Bred by Fred 
Seivers, Audubon, Iowa. Sold to J. E. Meharry, Toulon, 111., February 
25, 1916. Got by Big Bob 212613; dam. Big Wonder's Kind 515648. 

M's Choice became great through her ability as a producer and a 
winner in the largest shows. She was grand champion of the world, 
National Swine show 1917, and produced the boars Big Improver 292067 
and Chief Defender's Choice 292069. Big Improver was grand champion 
of the Iowa State fair in 1918, defeating the noted boar Col. Jack, who 
was first in his class. Big Improver sold for $1300, in the J. E. Meharry, 
1917, fall sale, going to R. W. Halford, Manning, Iowa. Chief Defender's 
Choice sold to R. A. Welch, Red Oak, Okla., for the record price for an 
untried pig, seUing for $2250. A litter sister to these boars. Liberty 
718000, was grand champion of the Illinois State fair 1918. They were 
sired by the grand champion. Chief Defender 257785. 

Bob's Belle 660696 A, 194218 S, farrowed October 5, 1915; litter 10. 
Bred by Sol. L. Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo. Sold to R. P. Poage, Shelbina, 
Mo., January 31, 1917; resold to Delaney Bros., Lentner, Mo. Got by 
Big Bob Wonder 252987, by Big Bob 212613; dam, A Wonder's Belle 
633944, by A Wonder 107353. 

Bob's Belle was a large attractive sow, and excellent mother, and 
produced several prominent and good breeding sons and daughters. Her 
matings with W's Giant 251175 proved to be the most successful, as the 
offspring repeated her achievements, even to the second and third gen- 
eration. Her first litter to attract marked attention was sold in dam to 
R. P. Poage, who developed the litter and resold them to Mr. Leonard 
at a price that was far beyond the average sales of the day. Out of 
this litter came several outstanding herd boars. This particular litter 
was by Big Jones 276531, a htter brother to F's Big Jones 320555. Big 
Ben Wonder, the Missouri 1919 grand champion, was out of Bob's Belle. 
Dominator owned by W. W. Fuqua, Monroe City, Mo., and Superior 
Giant owned by Frank L. Keller, Taylor, Mo., were considered two of 
her greatest productions, both being Ijy W's Giant. Bob's Belle sold to 
Delaney Bros, for $1000, a price, while high at the time, yet was in keep- 
ing with the true value of the sow as a producer of unquestionable merit. 



CHAPTER XX 

Pedigrees and Theik Importance to Breed Improvement 

iV PEDIGREE is the tabulation of the ancestry responsible for the life, 
general make-up, and prospective development of a particular animal. 
It may be good, bad or indifferent, yet without it there would be no ap- 
preciative advancement of a breed, due to the lack of interest by pro- 
moters and producers. A pedigree is no better than the man who writes 
it, for in it is written the character of the man who makes responsible 
the issuing of the pedigree. We are, therefore, proud of the men who 
have, upon their own signature, given to a great nation a breed of hogs, 
whose genealog}"^ from its conception has been tabulated and given to 




Prize I-ady 987948 

IJy Cnhnnhinn Ginnt .;; i.'J.'l. First i;i:e Junior Sow Pig. Xational Sn-inc .S'/ioiP. 

r.ijii. Weight JM Pounds 

US as pure as the blood of its originators. From these pedigrees we have 
been able to pick the weak from the strong, the small from the large, 
and through elimination and discrimination, bred up this great Amer- 
ican breed to lead all other breeds of swine. 

It would not come amiss, therefore, to study a few of the pedigrees 
to assure ourselves of the importance of selection, as well as to famil- 
iarize ourselves with the procedure necessary to a successful mating of 
improved blood. 

In the pedigrees of Chief Price 61861, termed as the "father" of the 
big types; Chief Perfection 2d 42559, termed as the "father"' of the hot 
bloods, the reader will note the close relation, being only a short ways 
removed from the same foundation. In a previous chapter, known as 



PEDIGREES AND THEIR IMPORTANCE 123 

Foundation Boars of the Poland Chinas, we have outlined in three illus- 
trations the steps taken in breeding the various important boars of the 
past 60 years, and how each pedigree traced on the sire side to two 
boars, being about equally divided. We desire to give a few pedigrees 
of important boars, tracing their pedigrees on the sire side to the foun- 
dation stock, and following this with extended pedigrees of both sire 
and dams, to show the influence that one boar will have in the life of 
a particular pedigree. 



Chief Price 61861 
Grand Chief 3rd 28013 
Grand Chief 20177 
Chief Tecumseh 2nd 14579 
Chief Tecumseh 10815 
King Tecumseh 11793 
Tecumseh 4339 
U. S. 1195 
World Beater 1213 
Beacher 15 
Tom Corwin 275 
Boyd Hog 40 
Young Cook Hog 301 
Cook Hog 67 

Zack (alias Gallaspie Hog) 310, by 
a boar bred by Harvey Gallagher 



Caldwell's Big Bob 272689 
Big Bob Wonder 252987 
Big Bob 212613 
Chief Price 2nd 142681 
Longfellow 119997 
Longfellow 7th 95747 
Longfellow 2nd 52999 
Longfellow 38611 
Hamlet 2nd 13313 
Hamlet 9097 
Prince Tom 7875 
Honest Tom 4611 
Hoosier Tom 2nd 2571 
Hoosier Tom 1625 
Tom Corwin 2nd 2037 
Star of the West 1983 
General Hayes 507 
Butler 93 
Royal Finch 235 
Combs Hog 64 
Old Combs Hog 200 
Old Billy 196 
Morton Meyer's 37 
Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 



Chief Perfection 42559 
Chief Perfection 32199 
Chief Tecumseh 2nd 14579 
Chief Tecumseh 10815 
King Tecumseh 11793 
Tecumseh 4339 
U. S. 1195 
World Beater 1213 
Bcccher 15 
Tom Corwin 275 
Boyd Hog 40 
Young Cook Hog 301 
Cook Hog 67 

Zack (alias Gallaspie Hog) 310, by 
a boar bred by Harvey Gallagher 



Big Timm 190903 

The Big Orphan 171013 

Big Columbus 151313 

Big Bone 137161 

A Wonder 107353 

Long Wonder 85533 

Surprise Wonder 4th 59693 

Surprise Wonder 3rd 50633 

Surprise Wonder 41563 

Surprise 28007 

Black Chief 21567 

A. A. 18849 

Black U. S. 18345 

Success 1999 

Tom Corwin 2nd 2037 

Star of the West 1983 

General Hayes 507 

Butler 93 

Royal Finch 235 

Comb's Hog 64 

Old Comb's Hog 200 

Old Billy 196 

Morton Meyer's 37 

Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Giant Buster 240657 
Disher's Giant 240655 
Big Ben 208905 
Smooth Price 153321 
Chief Price 2nd 93149 
Chief Price 61861 
Grand Chief 3rd 28013 
Grand Chief 30177 
Chief Tecumseh 2nd 14579 



Expansion 57691 
Osborne's Hadley 42639 
Onward 34491 
Smeby's Hadley 28763 
Hadley 19213 
One Price 18871 
Black U. S. 18345 
Success 1999 
Tom Corwin 2nd 2037 
Star of the West 535 
General Hayes 507 
Butler 93 
Boyal Finch 235 
Combs Hog 64 
Old Combs Hog 200 
Old Billy 196 
Morton Meyer's 37 
Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 



A Wonder 107353 
Long Wonder 85533 
Surprise Wonder 4th 59693 
Surprise Wonder 3rd 50633 
Surprise Wonder 41563 
Surprise 28007 
Black Chief 21567 
A. A. 18849 
Black U. S. 18345 
Success 1999 
Tom Corwin 2nd 2037 
Star of the West 535 
General Hayes 507 
Butler 93 
Royal Finch 235 
Comb's Hog 64 
Old Combs Hog 200 
Old Billy 196 
Morton Meyer's 37 
Irwin's Sweepstakes 137 





■ ^^j^B 


^ 


/^■z-- 


'<i:sK'- /'■*'-:/ ilj 


a 


^^m^ T 


m 


r 


■I 


^ 





Hawkeye Giant 323785 
By Giant Big Ben 2S4877, Litter Brother to Dunndnle Pilot S29C67. 
Unusual A4>ility 



PEDIGREES AND THEIR IMPORTANCE 
Meddler 99999, farrowed September 11, 1903. 



Mischief Maker 30246. 



Pet 2d 68646. 



iCliief Perfection 16743 
Lady U. S. 2d 51678 
(Welch's Blk. U. S. 19477 
Roxana 43743 
{Chief I Know 11992 
Black Beauty F. 40880 

I fWelch's Blk. U. S. 19477 

[pet 65S05 < 

I Green Lawn Pet 65804 



Orange Boy 230167, farrowed April 6, 1914. 



Big Orange 14.J509. 



(Jumbo 185275. 



JOrange Chief 82233.. {§------, 3 

■jMiss Longfellow E. fwonder 3d 90541 
L 309684 ImIss Longfw A. 223586 

{^ , , ,„o<ii fcolossus 129077 

colossal 193441 JLady Ohava 402324 
My Choice 461698. .. ./sig Hadley 2d 152827 
l^Fancy Klever 409236 
g Columbus 151313 
Hie B. 369494 
Uneeda Won. 371596. /a Wonder 107353 

\Lady Mastod'n 69th 338824 



/Big 
■\Ner 



iLady 



Hadley 369758. 



Jlou 
\Sup. 
.JBi 
iBi 



g Chief 142339 
perior Light 348530 
g Hadley Jr. 149307 
g Model 347736 



Giant Buster 240657, farrowed February 25, 1914. 

.u D ■ ,c«9i /Chief Price 2d 93149 
rsmooth Pnce 153321.|g^^^jj^ ^^.^ gjg^^ 

f,Big Ben 208905 ^^'^^.^ ^^^^^ ^^^ fLongfellow 2d 52999 

L 300686 \MoHie Jones 2d 173964 

Disher's Giant J r „ 

240655 1 f-Long King's Equal J Long King 85927 

177373 If. W.'s Giantess 351918 

Mammoth Giantess J ^ 

L Equal 484552 1 Mammoth Giantess /Woodbine Chief 79607 

L 3d 391308 (^Mammoth Giant. 332506 

fwonder 3d 90541 

rwonder 137411 -'l^Orange Maid D. 209504 

TBig wonder 178565. . ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ . ^^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

I 426354 1 Monarch's Best 348156 

Big Lil 555924... J ) 

I r , „ .„-„n J Big Surprise 144749 

fBig Crow 162o03 |our Date 366544 

Lady Lunker 538712..^ ^ 

I Black Night 3;U520. J Iowa's Model 134347 
I- \Giantess Ex. 355874 



126 HISTOHY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

DiSHEB's Giant 78877 S, farrowed February 10, 1913 

f Chief Price 2d 4 

i Smooth Maid 
[ (133596) 

fLongfello 



Jth Pi- 



Big Ben 61935 



3th 



29675.- 



/chief Price 31462 
^ '\standard Lady A. (99123) 

/sunshine Chief 36814 
•■•\orange Maid (82639) 
/Longfellow 29674 
\Mollie King 2d (70456) 
Mollie Jones 2d /chief Price 31462 

(^'^^T'^^ iMollie Jones (77668) 

/chief Price 31462 
iLong Mollie (101497) 



Perfection 28377 
iantess (67128) 

/chief Tecumseh 3d 20740 
•\Logan Queen 2d (63616) 



Long King 45837 



iGia 



^^^t^t'r^ °'^"'^^^ /Longfellow H. 34522 
' ' iGiantess 4th (S9505) 



Big TiMM 67111 S, farrowed April 9, 1911. 

r„- „ -,„.„ fA Wonder 47460 

^ jB.g Bone o3069 |j^.^^ ^^^^.^ ,^ ^^^^3^ 

I Big Columbus 57162 J jj^jjj^ j^^g^ 5^^ fLongfellow 2d 29675 

L 133595 "1 Mollie Jones 2d 115778 

The Big Orphan J > 

63348 rr...„v,„„ la J90-.; J Big Expansion 38134 

Orphan Boy 422,5...-^. Anslev S1249 

Nellie B. 137534 I ^Lady Ansley hl/49 

I Purple Girl 123994 .. ./King Look 24459 
>- \Valley Girl 76006 

rLongfellow 7th /Longfellow 2d 29673 

, 44369 \Lady Wonder 3d 84988 

Long Wonder .-.U'67..<| r^ „, , ,,,^„ 

I Wonder Maid 130776. i^ong Wonder 4436S 
Long's Thickset J >- \Emma 130775 

1st 160554 1 r 

fLongfellow 46S16 ... .J Longfellow 7th 44369 

Thickset 13n250 J iMoUie Fair 2d 113249 

^f2'/9'9"2 ^""'''^' . ./chief Price 31462 
^ iLady Wonder 5th S5423 



Big Lil (186174), farrowed May 22, 1912. 

f wonder 3d 41530 JLadTs"" ?97S47f 

Wonder 41331 J l^Lady S. (9iS47) 

\ i Orange Maid D. fchief Price 31462 

L (99647) ) Orange Maid S2639 

ig Wonder I ). 

{~ „ . , . .,,.--, [Anderson's Perf. 23772 
Perfect I Am 31 ,o7. .j^ . 

Monarch's Best [Monarch 39S55 

(101284) \Long Perf. Lady (92203) 

^ /Miller's Tec. 4S2T.-! 

Bi" Crow tir.l!^ \° ^"■"■""'^^ ^^-"^ •■•\m.'s Mollie Sur. (11633s) 

1 1 r> Ti .. /innj-.,^ A'P to Dat,- 36007 

Lady Lunker | t""' "'^'^ ^^""^ ' " ' ' iour Beaut.v (90033, 

(1*^1'3> 1 |-l..w;Vs M.Mlel 33n:;,s.. fi-i-ow's .M.Mlol .-.ii72!i 

Rl:uk Niuht ] \\M\y I Am a""t7c;) 

' ^ '■'^^" ' i ' ■'?nf^^^)'^'■ ■[ J"''" L. Ex. 410C5 

I- (131544) \,;i,n„tess 3d (7)692) 



PEDIGREES AND THEIR IMPORTANCE 



127 



rSig Ben -Jil 



Buster's Best 660818, farrowed September 17, 1915. 

fSmooth I'liiu ir.3:i21 
•■■iMollie Jones r.th 3006S6 
rlJishei's Giant J > 

'■ 240655 I Mammoth Giantess ( Long King's Equal 177373 

I Equal 4S45:j2 "I^Mam. Giantess 3tl 39130S 

jBi. Wonaer ^^S..S.{ZZ'moZ1\.S.-.. 

Big Lil 553924 1 Td,-™ /-._ . ieo-no 

- Lady Lunker 53S712JB'S Crow 162d03 

'- \Black Night 394520 

rThe Big Orphan /Big Columbus 151313 

I 171013 \Nellie B. 369494 



fjumbo 



Big Susan 50S9S6.-! 



Long MoUie 2d 
L 456018 



371596 



/a Won 
•\.Lady ]V 



Mastodon 6th 33SS2A 



Victor 153933. 




Col. Jack 288991, farrowed March 3, 1916. 



Long Lady 2d 57S27S. 



(-Great Wonder 210301. 



spect 244191. . . . 



Surprise M.iid 520120. 



fAlton Wonder 2231S7. 



Square Lady 5G27S4. 



A Wonder A. 17G9S9 
Belle B. 45S966 
rSioux Ch. 211459 
I Miss Surprise 45S9S0 
Gerfs W. 168991 
MoUie B. 432930 
Square D. 213973 
R.-s White E. 499130 



128 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Big Price's Equal 265269, farrowed March 23, 1915. 

rChie_f_Price Again 1^°"!.^^" \ll^Tl 

fchief Price Again 

I 2cl 170067 

Big Quality 
247167 ... 



147523 l^Mollie Fair 4th 299172 



'^'Vrt'l^onfiT ^^^'" lr.,^„ T„„,h„ iM^To /Long Chief 123711 

(_Sunny Slope Belle 30S88S 



2cl 170067 I Lady Jumbo 398370. 



Big Lady 607674. 



iBlg Jones 3d 155027. J ^ig Jones 2d 155025 
lExtra A. 297746 
Giantess B. 423628. . J Major Nelson 156133 
\Giantess A. 4015S6 

'"'dSro-'oO?.^.^"'." (Chief Price Again 147523 
l_Lady Jumbo 39S370 
Long Price 228245. 

Giantess D. 487430.. j W.'s Wonder 170943 
itess B. 423628 

r'^' 2^0637'"''^°" /Sampson 180671 

Lady Hustler 560482.1 l^°s« Wreath 493376 

r%Z%io''''''' /King Hadley 182071 

*- ■ ■■ t White Socks 531606 



Big Bob 212613, farrowed September 10, 1912. 

'Longfellow 7th 95747 



Chief Price 2d 142681. 



R.'s Lady Wonder 496684 



'Longfellow 119997 

.Mollie Fair 2d 266940 

(Chief Price 61861 
Standard Lady A. 233S40 

_ ^. Wonder 143421 
Long Wonder 168025 

.Mischief 2d 367946 



(Smoo 
Lady 



Dth Wonder 2d 145501 
Lady Wonder 492532 



Lady Wonder 371350 



Big Bone Leader 244237, farrowed April 6, 1915. Litter 7. 

Giant Leader 166361 .{^-'^;;^"3\^^„^3 



T J .ncnn /Rood's Giant 149669 
Lady 426220... jj^^^y Wonderful 408820 



Chief Lead^. _, 

fSmooth Price 153321 ./chief Price 2d 93149 
[Smooth Maid 336492 
Giant Lady 426220.. -i ^ 

Smooth Mollie J Big Bone 137161 

I 378398 \Mollie Jones 5th 300686 

{„. „ ,,.,,0, /a Wonder 107353 
B.gBone 137161 |j^.^^ j^^„.^ 3^ ^gjj^j 
^"o2°$5r;?,'"„'"'=^^^ /smooth Wonder 2d 145.-.01 
„ „„... , " ICrow Princess 2d 393716 

1st 546098 1 rPrince Hadley /Major Hadley 151961 

J 167331 \Lady Amazon 361238 

■[smooth Lady ■'619''6.{^^°"G"ntess'nh 429064 



PEDIGREES AND THEIR IMPORTANCE 129 

Gerstdale Jones 244187, farrowed July 15, 1914. 

rA w„„^o. lAtAoi fLong Wonder 131497 

A Wonder "3421 . . . |j^^j,.^ ^^.^ ^^^ 299172 

rmg wonder 168195. i ^.^^ ^oung Won- /Young Wonder 98075 

L der 365976 i Curly 319288 

Big Jones Again J ■- 

198153 1 J- Big Jones 245221... /Big Bone 137161 

Miss Big Bone (_Mollie Jones 6th 300688 

*^^^^* I Miss Long Lady 2d [surprise Tec. 133923 

L "S"'' /Long Lady 329950 

rBig Wonder 160349. /^ong Wonder 131497 
/Maid B. 2d 233364 
owa King 200405.. 4 meky Maid 2d /Surprise Tec. 133923 

King's Maid I ^ \Lucky Maid 398020 

^^^"^O 1 r G"/"a'«'« Giant /a Wonder 107353 

1 Mollie A. Again l^^^^^ ^°"-l" "^ 272674 

""'' [Molile Price 434424..|™ Price 2d 93,„ 

^ 1 Mollie A. 359356 



Chief Defender 257785, farrowed March 3, 1915. 

^Chief price 2d ^^^*^- ■{f.'^r^ZTLlTl 233840 
f Chief Price 155937. . .^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ fLongfellow 4th 74189 

L 335352 I A Wonder 298486 

Mouw's Chief J ^ 

179665 1 rareat Wonder /Perfection Great 85127 

, „, ^ „, 136427 1 Price Wonder 209510 

Mouw's Wonder 2d J ^ 

'- 415334 I /Longfellow 2d 52999 

Lb. Wonder 34367S. .../Lady Wonder 3d 151956 

fD.'s Defender 163711 ./Defender 163709 
1 Mouw's Spot 395186 
^\VM%^'^ ^^^^ /Temptation 126607 

^^"^^ /Ohio Lady 2d 320276 

Braddy D. 520256.. j ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ jcolossus 129077 

iBraddy C. 450886.... Uady Ohava 402324 

Braddy Girl 430332. .Jorand's Wonder 173253 
'- ISusan H. 430312 



Liberator 92965 S, 356319 A, farrowed January 1, 1918. 

t,,,,,^, fGiant Standard 62191 
Grandmaster 67666.. .j^^^^^ ^.^^ ^d 152374 
Orphan Maid 1st fThe Big Orphan 63348 

160623 -iLady Rose 2d 156127 

The Clansman I ^ 

""^ \ _. , 1-^- -nd 197975. . •{-- of lTlo"ir6^781 

Kramer's Kind J *- 

2194" Igj^ Standard 578106 ./giantess Chief 82821 

^- /standard Lady 127758 

^Grandmaster 67666.. ./siant Standard 62191 
/Long Girl 2d 152374 
fMasterpiece 76100. ...I . 

I 1 Escher's Standard (Chief Price 2d 48865 

F-ashion Girl J '- 137418 /Extra Long 2d 122625 

219444 I |,LongvIeWs Wonder jLong Wonder 2d 67159 

I Fashion Princess J ^^^^ ^'^ =°"« ''"''' 

'■ 181288 Lady Thickset Jeig Wonder 64827 

L 172924 \^Won. Thickset 1st 160621 



CHAPTER XXI 

The National Swine Show Poland China Winners 
1916 to 1920 

1 HE National Swine show is the direct outgrowth of a friendly spirit 
among the breeders of all breeds of swine, wanting to work in co-opera- 
tion to put "pork" and pork products on the same level as that of the 
cattle and horses. 

Annually, cattle and horse shows were the big attractions for Live 
Stock shows, but the hogs and hog men were considered secondary. 
This the pork grower did not want to concede; therefore, while senti- 
ment was beginning to crystallize along lines of close co-operation, a 




IBERATOR'S BEST 84324(1 

's Best 2i',02i. First Prize Junior Gilt, National SiriJie 
lior Yearling Same Show, I 



Ideal Type Gilt 



meeting was called in Chicago during the International Live Stock show 
of 1914, and the organization known as the National Swine Growers' 
association was the direct result. 

In 1915 the National Swine Growers in annual session, voted to stage 
a National Swine show, and the officers led by W. M. McFadden, presi- 
dent, were instructed to arrange location and classifications. After look- 
ing over many proposals from various cities in the United States, Omaha, 
Nebr., was selected for the location of the First National Swine show. 
The Omaha people felt the largeness of the responsibility and provided 
liberally both in space and money to make the show the success neces- 
sary to make it an annual occurrence. 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WINNERS 131 

Little was it dreamed that one of the greatest statesmen of the world 
would deem the show of sufficient merit to attend, but on Wednesday 
of the show week the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, President of the 
United States, in company with Mrs. Wilson and their staff, visited the 
show, and were dehghted, as well as surprised at the enormity of the 
"all" Swine show, as well as to the size of the individual animals shown. 

The entries numbered of all breeds, nearly 2000, with Poland Chinas 
ranking second in numbers with a possible 300. Practically all of the 
entries were winners from other shows of the country, and the interest 
shown by the visitors was intense even to the point of applause on the 
placings of the judges. 

Chas. A. Marker, Auburn, 111., was selected as the judge, and Thos. 
A. Shattuck, Hastings, Nebr., as consulting judge; Ray Davis, breed su- 
perintendent. Winners in class were as follows: 

Aged Boar— Long Big Bone 227069, by Black Big Bone 179671, out of Mouw's Lucy 

450688. Exhibited by Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa. 
Senior YeaWinff— Caldwell's Big Bob 76438, by Big Bob Wonder 71999, out of 

Expansive's Belle 160327. Exhibited by Fred B. Caldwell, Howard, Kas. 
Junior year/jng-— Smooth Big Bob 75999, by Big Bob 71984, out of Mammoth Lady 

168668. Exhibited by Nels C. Jensen, Exira, Iowa. 
Senior Pig—G & A's King Joe 253283, by King Joe 251257, out of Lady Giantess 

Wonder 527048. Exhibited by H. Wade Gillis and Osbert Alexander, Mt. 

Pleasant, Iowa. 
Junior Pig— hong Orange 255519, by Orange Boy 230167, out of Sensation Maid 

410986. Exhibited by I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa. 
Aged Sow— Big Maid 2d 565984, by Smooth Big Bone 218543, out of Big Maid 1st 

527500. Exhibited by Fred Seivers, Audubon, Iowa. 
Senior year/infl-— Fair Queen 581968, by Miller's Chief 213599, out of Hidestretcher 

Belle Again 457218. Exhibited by John Miller, Rock Valley, Iowa. 
Junior Yearling— Orange Mollie 594420, by Big Orange Equal 196997, out of Long 

Mollie A 461934. Exhibited by J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111. 
Senior Pig-— Black Big Modesty 589192, by Mouw's Black Jumbo 218507, out of Big 

Modesty 2d 453708. Exhibited by F. G. Paul, Marshalltown, Iowa. 
Junior Pig— Pana Uhlan 590236, by The Giant Uhlan 243811, out of Pana Belle 

590266. Exhibited by Phil Dawson, Endicott, Neb. 
Grand Champion Boar— Long Big Bone 227069. 
Grand Champion Sow— Big Maid 2d 565984. 



Long Big Bone 227069, farrowed February 2, 1914. Weight, 1115 lbs. 

rRi^ Rnn» T!71fil /^ Wonder 107353 

rB.g Bone 137161 |j^j^^ j^^^,,^ ^d 263158 

iBig Jones 145221 ... J j^^^j,^ j^^^^ ^^^ /Longfellow 2d 52999 
I 200688 \Mollie Jones 2d 173964 
r3urpri==e Tecumseh /Miller's Tec. 117017 
,,. , r J o^ I 133923 1 Miller's M. Surp. 323106 
Miss Long Lady 2d J J: 
9<J59:S I , ^ oo„„-„ /orange Chief 2d 108201 

[Long Lady 3299.,0 . . .j^^^jj.^ ^ ^67132 

rBig Bone 137161 /a Wonder 107353 

-,. T 1, ir^o^n l_Miss Nellie 2d 263158 

r3ig Jumbo 153879... J ^ 

1 /chief Price 61861 

Mouw's Lucy J l^"" ^^"^ 195766 ... .^Lady Jones M. 157256 

^^""^^ I ^Surprise Wonder 4th /surprise Wonder 3d 50633 

1 59693 \Mollie King 3d 127266 

I Lucy 360492 < r 

Uiss St. Louis 39S314.fc- -----^3,, 



132 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Big Maid 2nd 565948, farrowed August 2, 1914. 

,,-,,, /Big Bone 137161 

Black Big Bone J ^"^ ' ' ••\.Mollle Jones 6th 3006SS 

I ^'^^^^ I Miss Long Lady 2d /surprise Tec. 133923 

Smooth Big Bone l~ 376556 \Long Lady 329950 

218543 J r 

fwonder 4th fwonder 3d 41550 

Cho^ice__ of Maids B. J \Miss Longfellow A. 101800 

I Choice of Maids 2d /Longfellow 46816 

"^ 160480 \Mald's Choice 154925 

fLong Wonder 131497. |t°"-5«"°^ ^"47 

I Wonder Maid 277520 
I Big Wonder 160349..-^ r 

Big Maid 1st J U^id B. 2d 233364... l^ll^^'gf^^j'^'J'If.^jSjj 

'''""' 1 r , /Big Bone 53069 

I J Big Bone 2d 58491 .. .|^„„^^^ j^^.^ 2d 140353 

iLong Maid 426282. . .i r 

^v., . ,r.o„< J Choice Chief Price 55287 
Lmiss Chief 156824.... ■^_L^„^ j^^,^ ^d 142882 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW 1917 

The National Swine show for 1917 was held in the same pavilion with 
the co-operation of the people of Omaha. The entries were larger than 
the previous year, and for the most part, even of a higher quality. The 
show committee, because of breeders over-estimating the weights of 
their hogs, and displaying such erroneous information to the many vis- 
itors, voted to make compulsory the actual weighing of all hogs on the 
ground, and that the said official weights should be posted over each 
animal. This brought about a great deal of comment, especially from 
quarters where fictitious weights had been advertised, but the ruling 
was enforced to the letter, resulting in credit being given where credit 
was due in size of animals of each breed. 

The average weights of the Poland China winners are as follows: 

Aged Boars — 7 shown — Average weight, 1,012 lbs. 

Senior Yearling Boars — 5 shown — Average weight, 805 lbs. 

Junior Yearling Boars — 12 shown — Average weight, 676 lbs. 

Senior Boar Pigs — 17 shown — Average weight, 455 lbs. 

Junior Boar Pigs — 24 shown — Average weight, 275 lbs. 

Aged Sows — 12 shown — Average weight, 767 lbs. 

Senior Yearling Sows — 10 shown — Average weight, 670 lbs. 

Junior Yearling Sows — 13 shov.'n — Average weight, 629 lbs. 

Senior Sow Pigs — 21 shown — Average weight, 444 lbs. 

Junior Sow Pigs — 17 shown — Average weight, 271 lbs. 

Because of the very efficient work of the judges and officers of the 
Poland China division, the show committee deemed it sufficient reason 
to employ them again for the 1917 show, and the awards were as satis- 
factorily placed, and are as follows: 

Aged Boar— Caldwell's Big Bob 272689, by Big Bob Wonder 252987, out of Expan- 
sive Belle 598822. Exhibited by Fred B. Caldwell, Topeka, Kas. 
Senior Yearling — Big Jumbo Wonder 252937, by Big Jumbo Jr. 202945, out of Lady 

Mastodon 5147G8. Exhibited by J. W. Garvey. Thayer, 111. 
Junior Yearling— King L 82951, by Long King 82950, out of Big Bone Maid 194912. 

Exhibited by C. M. Pederson, Dunlap, Iowa. 
Senior P/ff— W. A. Wonder 281549, by Turkey Valley Orange 257487, out of Bessie 

Wonder 643568. Exhibited by J. V. Slepicka & Son, Wilber, Neb. 
Junior P/fl— Bob's Quality 281491, by Big Bob Wonder 252987, out of Miss Darkness 
17th G46466. Exhibited by H. B. Walter & Son, Hningham. Kas. 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WINNERS 



133 



Aged Soiv—M's Choice 648344, by Big Bob 212613, out of Big Wonder's Kind 

515648. Exhibited by J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111. 
Senior YeaWinp— Orphan's Big Type 2d 194888, by Hather's Big Orphan 68981, 

out of Up-to-Date 154469. Exhibited by W. J. Hather, Ord, Neb. 
Junior Yearling— Model 188375, by Smooth Big Bob 75999, out of Sallie Ex 175189. 

Exhibited by Nels C. Jensen, Exira, Iowa. 
Senior Pig — Bob's Giantess A 201807, by Big Bob 71984, out of Giantess Best 

169340. Exhibited by R. W. Halford, Manning, Iowa. 
Junior Pig— Orange Lady 642408, by Orange Boy 230167, out of I Am Miss Wonder 

546214. Exhibited by I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa. 
Grand Champion Boar— Caldwell's Big Bob 272689. 
Grand Champion Soa>— M's Choice 648344. 




Caldwbxl's Big Bob 272689 

Grand Champion Boar National Swine Show, MIT. Official Weight, 1,122 Pounds. No 

Boar Was Ever a More Popular Winner 

Caldwell's Big Bob 76436 S, 272689 A, farrowed February 16, 1915. 
Litter 9. Weight 1122 lbs. 



Big Bob Womle 



TBig Bob 719S4.... 

Miss Orphan Won 
der 171205 

fExpansive 34723. . 

•I 

I Colossus Belle 
1^ (150407) 



r^u- . TD • oj <oc<!c fLongfellow 46816 
jChief Pnce 2d 4SS65.|j^,^^ p^.^^ ^ ^^33^^ 

IR's Lady Won /Long Wonder 65334 

L 156520 "i^ A. Lady Wonder 142930 

fOrphan Won. 71983.. jThe Big Orphan 63348 
J "j^Lady Wonder 2d 169913 

lr„„„ T ,, , nion^ f.Miller's Longfw 58551 
LLong Lady 171204 .. .|p^.^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^.^ 

rpxnan«inn 'RSq? fOsborne's Hadley 2625S 

r Expansion 26293 ^^^^^ Darkness 62317 

I Z. Highlander f Highlander 255S1 

L (82189) I^Zora C. 82187 

|-°— -^- \^2^':insr' 

lrri..a Ben (-0203. ,{«--- 403.S 



134 HISTORY OF POLAND CHJNA SWINE 

M's Choice 648344, farrowed April 1, 1915. Litter 6. 

rLongfellow 119997. . ./h""!,^^ 
Chief Price 2d \Mollie 



Big Bob 21261a. 



I Miss Price 

Wonder 168023 



2S52.0.{: 



Chief Price 61861 
Standard Lady A. 233840 



,Big Wonder 160349. 



rLongWonderl68023.{^^Wonde.^l43m^ 

I A Lady Wonder fsmooth Wonder 2d 145501 

'- 492532 l^Lady Model 371350 

Long Wonder 131497 ./^""^fellow 7th 95747 
OB o ae "'^Wonder Maid 277520 

Maid B. 2d 233364... (Chief Price 61861 

\0?anBe Maid 2d 178888 
Kind 515648....] TLong King's Egual /Long King 85927 

i^^S^T^^Sr.-". \ """^ ^^- ^'-«-nt-s 351918 

Iwon. Jum. 2d 476736. If ^'""/"k"?'',^.^ 
I^Lady Jumbo 1st 393646 

N.\TIONAL SWINE SHOW 1918 

The National Swine show for 1918 was held in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
The committee on location could not come to a unanimous decision as 
to location, but after visiting many of the propositions offered, the ma- 
jority selected Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The people in charge from Cedar Rapids did everything possible to 
make ready for the show, but were not properly coached, and as a result 




i.S«S?fe. 



Lady Clan 2d 241333 

By r.iu Bob 211C13, Out of Lady Clan liljun. Senior and Orand Champion Sow Jowa 

State, v::(i. A Great Inilividuat and Producer 

wore not equipped to handle the great exhibition. Horse and mule 
barns of a local firm were used, but being of wood construction, with 
no sanitary facilities, such as were furnished by the Omaha people, 
caused the exhibitors to complain bitterly. Tlie show rings constructed 
proved to be inadequate, necessitating the driving in the open, which 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WIXNEHS 135 

under the warmth of an October sun, was welcomed. Many of the herds 
became infected with hemorrhagic septicemia, and were placed under 
quarantine by the state authorities, and others carried the disease to 
their herds at home, resulting in a very bitter feeling toward Cedar Rap- 
ids, the show management and every one connected in any way with the 
show. The judges selected to tie the ribbons on the Poland Chinas were 
Ed Klever, Bloomingburg, Ohio, one of the oldest Poland China breeders 
and showmen, assisted by M. P. Hancher, Rolfe, Iowa. Their work as 
a whole, while conscientiously rendered, did not prove satisfactory to 
the exhibitors, some of which could be credited to the already ill feeling 
of the exhibitors, due to conditions previously mentioned. 

Thos. Hunter, Morrow, Ohio, assisted by R. C. Ashby, Chicago, 111., 
were the breed superintendents. 

Aged Boar— Big Price's Equal 2652G9; sire, Big Quality 247167; dam, Big Lady 

607674. Exhibited by Kritzeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn. 
Senior Yearling— Gianl Smooth Bone 280143; sire, Smooth Big Bone 196427; dam, 

Good Mollie 5th 527336. Exhibited by O. B. Hensel, Edelstein, 111. 
Junior Yearling— Black Price 295345; sire, Big Price 243333; dam, Black Belle 

583618. Exhibited by W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn. 
Senior Pig— Expansion King 309389; sire, Long King 262527; dam, Expansion Lady 

544726. Exhibited by Robinson and Meharry, Morton and Tolono, 111. 
Junior Pig— Model Bob 312351; sire. Big Bob Boy 287315; dam, Winnie's Equal 

659226. Exhibited by Willard W. Walters, Iowa City, Iowa. 
Aged Sow— Josephine 1st 191278; sire, King of Wonders 65159; dam, Josephine 

191154. Exhibited by Chas. E. Lyden & Son, Manning, Iowa. 
Senior Yearling — Bob's Giantess B 711196; sire, Big Bob 212613; dam. Giantess 

Best 528232. Exhibited by J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111. 
Junior Yearling— Zelma Knox 729672; sire. Our Big Knox 315907; dam, Zelma B 

1st 721240. Exhibited by Fred B. Caldwell, Topeka, Kas. 
Senior Gi7<— Sensation 2d 721260; sire, Caldwell's Big Bob 272689; dam, Zelma 

B 1st 721240. Exhibited by Fred B. Caldwell, Topeka, Kas. 
Junior Gilt— Liberty Girl 722296; sire, Blue Valley Big Bone 300545; dam, Mollie 

Big Bone 643574. Exhibited by M. C. Brown & Son, Martinsville, Ohio. 
Grand Champion Boar- Black Price 295345 A. 
Grand Champion Sow — Josephine 1st 191278 S. 

Black Price 295345, farrowed March 10, 1917. Litter 11. 



Big Price 243333. 



'Long Price 228i!45 



Giantess 462612. 



Chief Price Again 'Chief Price Again 147523 
I 2d 170007 \Lady Jumbo 398370 

f W.'s Wonder 170943 
•\Giantess B. 423628 

jverdale Hadley /sig Hadley 133105 
161579 \Clover. Beauty 3d 359002 

fjumbo 129473 
■ LBlack Beauty 3d 320764 



Giantess D. 4S7430. 



Belle 320766, 



^Old Maid 559934. 



;ig Cloverdale fcentennial 176639 

253389 l^ Countess Again 42S 



'■ fcioverdale Hadley 161579 

Hadley C. 242677. ... Lselle C. 401584 

Black Maid 559932. . . {'^^"'''1 f ^,"''"7 """' 
Lcioverdale Maid 35S996 



136 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Josephine 1st 738088, farrowed March 19, 1916. Litter 8. 



rosephine 737454 



.A Wonder 107353. 



ri iir„„^ otcoi fSur. Wonder 4th 59693 

Long Wonder 85533. J ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ j^.^^. 



Iiu Hi v.i,- MfijTi fldeal Medium 4th 77605 
I^Muiiie ra.r -^''^ ' < • • ^ ^hiteface 215060 

fLong King-s Equal JLongr King S5927 

Mammoth Giantess I 177373 \P. W.'s Giantess 351918 

Equal 484552 J, '- 

Mammoth Giantess fW-QOdbine Chief 79607 
^ 3d 391308 1 Mammoth Giantess 3325( 



r 



/Chief Price 2d 93149 
Smooth Price 153321 .igmooth Maid 336492 



Big Mollie 391186.... |5'^,.B°"« 137161 
I^Mollie Jones 5th 



I ( i:.ong 

[Long Model ^68396..^ 



Wonder 196797. 



th 300686 
/crow's Kind 184167 
\Princess Lady 377362 



Miss Model 2d /Long Chief 192881 



• 1 Miss Model 464856 



N.KTIONAL SWINE SHOW 1919 

The National Swine show for 1919 was handled by the National Swine 
Growers association proper. The State Fair grounds of Iowa were se- 
cured, and the great organization weathered by three years of show ex- 
perience, put on the greatest exposition in its history. Under the direc- 
tion of the newly elected secretary, W. J. Carmichael, the organization 
moved like clock-work; ample housing for all stock, sanitary conditions 
par excellence, and a general good fellowship among the breeders pre- 
vailed. 

Chas. A. Marker, Auburn, 111., was selected as the judge, and before 
him were driven the greatest line-up of boars and sows that were ever 
dreamed of. Sixteen aged boars, representing the grand champions of 
many states, were in competition for the eight moneys. 




By Mc's Big Orange -'.'i 



iiKit Swine Show, 19IU 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WINNERS 137 

'*^''2f258r^FxMh»PHl^^U= '''■^' ^"''^ W^ ^■■^^"S^ 293865; dam, Orange Lady 2d 
^f)i6»0. Exhibited by Bloemendaal Bros., Orange City Iowa 

5en/or yeaWmff-Propeller 91567; sire, Caldwell's Big Bob 76436; dam, Zelma B 
1st 175034. Exhibited by Warren & Bates, Guthrie Center, Iowa 

Jumor ^^"^''"^-Repeater 326871; sire, Giant Buster 240657; dam, Orange Lunker 
2d 747776. Exhibited by Chas. E. Lyden, Manning, Iowa. 

Senior P/g-— Nobility 355355; sire. Big Square Jumbo 258589; dam. Jumbo Lady 
652460. Exhibited by E. C. Caverly & Son, Toulon, 111. 

•^""'■^^n-P'/.— Liberty Lad 356483; sire Liberty Bond 309309; dam. Matchless Lady 
720374. Exhibited by Winn & Moore, Randolph, Mo. 

Aged Sow— Miss Bob Wonder 623286; sire. Big Bob 212613; dam, Miss Big Wonder 
515668. Exhibited by Meyer Bros. & Parkert, Hooper, Neb. 

^^'"'?^.HlT=/QQf^^';?'?;'l-^'*i\^20602; sire, Prairie Giant 198839; dam. Big Fair 
Lady 653350. Exhibited by Blackburn & Meharry, Henry and Tolono 111 

Junior yfa;;'/"f—M's Giantess 804224; sire. Long Joe 265521; dam. Giantess Won- 
der 450990. Exhibited by J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111. 

Senior G///— Lady Clan 2d 241339; sire, Big Bob 212613; dam. Lady Clan 227569. 
Exhibited by Winn & Moore, Randolph, Mo. 

Grand Champion Boar — The Pilot 297441. 

Grand Champion Sow — Miss Bob Wonder 623286. 

The Pilot 297441, farrowed February 20, 1917. 

f Orange Chief 82233../^^'^^ ^"i^^. ^^S" 

1 Orange Maid 178886 
fBig Orange 145509. . .-! ^ 

. I I Miss Longfellow J Wonder 3d 90541 

Ifsfef " J '- E. 309684 |Miss Longfw A. 223586 

{A Wonder 107353.... fLong Wonder 131497 
|Mollie Fair 246474 
^^0^3^"-.'°"''^'^ |Up-to Date 36007 
\AU Queen 116366 

(-Big Ben 208905 f'Sn^oc-th Price 153321 

rxx , o„„,„„ |MolIie Jones 5th 300686 

'Hercules 232407 J "^ 

I I Mammoth Giantess /Long King's Equal 177373 

Orange Lady I- Equal 484552 1 .Mam. Giantess 3d 391308 

2d 662580 < > 

fBig Orange 145509. . .|°"^"f ^^'^^, ^"SS 
I J \ Miss Longfellow E. 309684 

i-Orange Lady 537670.. i f„, ,,„,,, 

Colossal Lady J Colossal 193441 

*- 491904 |_My Choice 461698 

Miss Bob Wonder 623286, farrowed April 10, 1915. Litter 12. 

fLongfellow 119997.. /Longfellow 7th 95747 
-Chief Price 2d i l^oHie Fair 2d 266940 

"^^^^ I Miss Price A. 295240. /chief Price 61861 

L 1 .Standard Lady A. 233840 

Big Bob 212613. .J r 

rLong Wonder 168023. J A. Wonder 143421 
R.'s Lady Wonder I 1 Mischief 2d 367946 

496684 ■{ ; 

^ A Lady Wonder J Smooth Won. 2d 145501 

'^ *92532 \Lady Model 371350 

fLong Wonder 131497, /^°"S^«"°^ »"47 
r ^Wonder Maid 277520 

fBig Wonder 160349.. J ^ 

Maid B. 2d 233364... J Chief Price 61861 
Miss Big Won- L l,Orange Maid 2d 178888 

der 515668 S „ . ^ r 

I ^^"^45501 |a Wonder 107353 

I Big Model 458564 J LMoUie 284130 

[chief Model 426278. ./chief Price 2d 93149 
LModel's Tec. 357192 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW 1920 

National Swine show in 1920 was held on the Iowa State fair grounds 
and under the supervision and direction of the National Swine Growers 
association. From the point of numbers, the Poland Chinas exceeded 



138 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

all other breeds, having 307 entries from thirty-four exhibitors, but the 
quality of entries was far below standard. It was woefully deficient in 
quality and even only moderately satisfactory in types presented. One 
of the breed papers in reporting the show gave the following head line 
to their story: 

"Fair Poland China Show at the National. The fifth swine show pre- 
sented least desirable exhibit of Big Blacks and failed to live up to es- 
tablished reputation." 

Another breed organ gave as their head line : "Poland China breed 
outclassed at National Show. Other breeds exhibited better class of hogs 
at the great classic, although many excellent individual Polands were 
on the grounds." 

From the outset many of the breeders expressed a lack of confidence 
in the judgment of Judge W. J. Hather, as he was little known as a judge, 
however, having been a breeder of Poland Chinas for a great many 
years. There was no question but that his work was conscientiously 
and sincerely done, but his failure to consistently follow type, and his 
selections in several classes were the occasion of some very severe criti- 
cisms from both exhibitors and spectators. 

There were a number of animals left entirely out of the money, in 
some classes, that were favorites with many of the most capable judges 
for top pen placings. Probably the most serious criticisms were in the 
placings of the grand champion boar award, and the junior yearling boar 
class. The former was awarded to the junior champion of the show, 
and while a wonderfully good fall pig, he was not, in the estimation of 
the exhibitors, a worthy contestant for grand championship honor. 

The junior yearling boar class made a great show and the breeders 
and exhibitors showed considerable disapproval of the placements, a 
share of which is credited to an effort on the part of the friends of a few 
exhibitors to make a noticeable demonstration in disapproval of the low 
awards given their hogs. 

At no show of Poland Chinas ever held, have so many visitors from 
as wide a territory congregated to view the placings. Seats lining both 
sides of the show ring were packed throughout the judging. Judge, W. 
J. Hather, Ord, Nebr. ; breed superintendent, A. R. Simpson, Chicago, 111. 

The show was honored by representatives from Italy, in the persons 
of the Marquis and Marquise Idelfonso Stanga. 

The exhibitors and awards are as follows: 

THE EXHIBITORS 

H. F. Adams, Castleton, 111. L. S. Fisher & Son, Edgewood, Iowa. 

C. E. Anderson & Son, Toulon, 111. Glover & Winn, Grandview, Mo. 

W. O. Bowers, Conway, Iowa. Graham Sons, Howard Lake, Minn. 

Fred B. Caldwell, Topeka, Kas. W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn. 

Norval Clark, Beaver Crossing, Neb. Griflin & Son, Manson, Iowa. 

I. J. Conrad, Melbourne, Iowa. Hassler, Halford & Porter, Manning, la. 

Wm. Cottrill, Des Moines, Iowa. Ben C. Heyne, Hooper, Neb. 

C. W. Crees, Coon Rapids, Iowa. Kritzeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn. 

Ed Diffey & Son, North Bend, Neb. Carl J. Larsen, Tekamah, Neb. 

A. M. Donald & Sons, Seymour, Iowa. Sol L. Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo. 

M. .\. Dowling, Valley Junction, Iowa. O. J. McCullough, Clarks, Neb. 

T. E. Durbin, King City, Mo. J. D. McDonald, West Salem, Wis. 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WINNERS 



EXHIBITORS (continued) 



Kenneth March, Lehigh, Iowa. 
Homer L. Messamer, Adel, Iowa. 
John F. O'Brien, Madison, Wis. 
Geo. N. Parker, Hooper, Neb. 
D. H. Paul, Haverhill, Iowa. 

F. G. Paul, Marshalltown, Iowa. 

G. E. Petty, Versailles, Mo. 
Pleasant Hill Farm, Leshara, Neb. 



W. M. Schrader, Stuart, Iowa. 
N. C. Shively, Clinton, III. 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, Iowa. 
Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind. 
Silvis H. Stamm, Des Moines, Iowa. 
H. M. Steussy, Algona, Iowa. 
Walter G. Trueblood, Salem, Ind. 
J. B. Tye & Sons, Pleasanton, Iowa. 



Aged Boars (11 Shown)— Hassler, Halford & Porter on Major Jumbo 328537; 

farrowed August 31, 1917; sire, Mable's Jumbo 244031; dam. Big Bone 2d 

635814. Ofiicial weight, 962 pounds. 
Senior Yearling Boars (3 shown)— Carl J. Larson on Omaha Bob 102255; farrowed 

September 6, 1918; sire. King Omaha 85969; dam. Big Bob's Queen 204076. 

Ofiicial weight, 802 pounds. 
Junior Yearling Boars (12 Shown)— Grahams & Glover on Liberator Buster 375555; 

farrowed March 9, 1919; sire, Liberator 356319; dam. Buster's Best 

Official weight, 770 pounds. 




LiEERATOp. Leader 427541 
• Out of Big Lil G. !>S8i70. Junior and Grand Chavtpion, National Su 
Show I'Jlll. Weight 539 Pounds. Farrowed September S, ISl'.i 



Senior Boar Pigs (17 Shown) — Glover & Winn on Liberator's Leader 113376; 

farrowed September 8, 1919; sire. Liberator 92965; dam. Big Lil G 268041. 

OfTicial weight, 539 pounds. 
Junior Boar Pigs (18 Shown) — Sol L. Leonard on Freckles 416333; farrowed 

March 1, 1920; sire, Liberator 92965; dam, Princess Buster 840269. Official 

weight, 328 pounds. 
Aged Sows (7 shown) — Geo. N. Parkett on Nancy Masterpiece 815560; farrowed 

September 4, 1917; sire, Big Masterpiece 264845; dam, Nancy 598256. Official 

weight, 788 pounds. 
Senior Yearling Sows — Silver Brook Farm on Buster's Clipper 260826; farrowed 

September 2, 1918; sire. Giant Buster 90455; dam. Big Lady 232992. Official 

weight, 650 pounds. 
Junior Yearling Sows — I. J. Conrad on Giant Maid 971978; farrowed April 6, 1919; 

sire, Hawkeye Giant 323785; dam. Orange Maid 801174. Official weight, 670 

pounds. 
Senior Sow Pigs — Silverbrook Farm on Orange Lady 3d 295094; farrowed Septem- 
ber 10, 1919; sire. Revelation 117503; dam. Orange Lady 266252. Official 

weight, 463 pounds. 



140 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Junior Soiv Pigs— G\o\er & Winn on Prize Lady 987948; farrowed March 12, 1920; 

sire, Columbian Giant 374229; dam, Miss Price 718968. Official weight, 326 

pounds. 
Grand Champion Boar — Liberator's Leader 11 3370. 
Grand Champion Sow — Giant Maid 971978. 

Liberator's Leader 427541, farrowed September 8, 1919. 

J Grand Master 1S3879 
■|_ Orphan Maid 1st 5397S0 
1 Kramer's Kind f Right Kind 197975 

L 592374 "i^ Big Standard 578106 

rA/ro=fo,.„;^„ ocToi- /Grand Master 1S3879 
I Masterpiece 2"34.. . .| ^^^^^^^.^ standard 436424 

I Fashion Princess /Long View's Won. 277741 
'- 637126 L Lady Thicltset 637124 

/Big Jones Again 198153 
• (^King's Maid 539060 



Liberator 35631 



Girl 81S360. 



Kig Lil G. 9384"0 



Big Lil 774102. 



>uw's Minnie /mouw's Sm. Jumbo 210027 

"^^■'^^ \Mollie King 2d 526234 

rDisher's Giant f Big Ben 208905 

240655 \ Mam, Giant. Equal 4S4552 

S Lil 555924 f Big Wonder 178565 

\Lady Lunker 538712 



Giant Maid 971978, farrowed April 6, 1919. 



Hawkeye Giant 



iawkey 
323785 



r Giant Ben 236953 ... .|^i^ ^'Vl^L c 
\King's Girl 519356 

I King's Giantess /King of Wonders 205757 

I 674108 [Mary Ann 533396 



Big Timm 19 



j Fessy's Timm 256027,^g^»^; ■■■■--, 
[orange Girl 671056. ./ 



Fesenmeyer's A W. 225497 
Miss Orange 641912 



Orange Boy 230167. 



Leader Maid 7472GS 



Koors Model 514 



938. /■T"' 
iMi; 



LColossal Lady 491904 
85275 
ss Ranes 2d 409846 
fRing Leader 262327.. ^Big Bone Giant 233859 
I LBelle Orient 3d 426194 

Miss Chief 2d 50344 



*AGE, PLACINGS AND OFFICIAL WEIGHTS OF THE 1920 N.VTIONAL WINNERS 



Premium 

1 



AGED BO.\RS 

Name Owner 

Major Jumbo Hassler, Halford & 

Porter 

Long King Fred Sievers 

Jumbo Timm 3d O. J. McCullough 

Orange Leader VV. M. Shrader 

Winning Timm Kritzeck Bros 

Emancipator Glover & Winn 

Smooth Long Halvor Fred Paul 

Paul Jones Edward DifTev & Son . 

Average 

SENIOR YEARLING BOARS 



Premium Name Owner 

1 Omaha Bob Carl J. Larsen . . 

2 Greater Omaha Griffin & Son . . . 

3 Ashly n Boy H. L. Messamer . 

.\verage .... 



Age 




(days) 


Weight 


1,131 


962 


944 


980 


945 


974 


857 


920 


897 


800 


940 


854 




822 


1,314 


1,118 


1,004 


938 


Age 




(davs) 


Weight 


701 


802 


705 


800 


594 


589 


700 2 


3 750 



NATIONAL SWINE SHOW WINNERS 



JUNIOR YEARLING BOARS 



Name 
Liberator Biistc 

Revelation 

King Cole 

Giant Boy 

Decide 

King's Wonder 
Enockulator. .. 
Yankee Boy. . . 





Age 




Owner 


(days) 


weight 


Graham & Sons 


. . 573 


Glover & Winn 


573 


720 


G. E. Petty 


576 


760 


T. E. Durbin 


563 


770 


C. W. Crees 


575 


860 


Ed Diffey & Sons.. 


574 


732 


J. D. McDonald 


579 


634 


H. L. Messamer 


581 


643 


Average 


5741/4 


736 




SENIOR BO.AR PIGS 



I Name 
Liberator's Leader. . 

Liberator's Ace 

Tye's Liberator 

The Harvester 

Searchlight 

Liberator's Monarch 

Son of Liberty 

Mc's Disturber 



Name 



Owner 
.Glover & Winn. . . . 
.Glover & Winn. . . . 
.J. B. Tye & Sons. . . 
.C. E. Anderson. . . . 
.Silver Brook Farm. 

.Glover & Winn 

.H. F. Adams 

.J. D. McDonald 

Average 



JUNIOR BOAR PIGS 



Owner 



Freckles Sol Leonard 

The Pathfinder M. A. Dowling 

The Headlight M. A. Dowling 

The Invader I. J. Conrad 

Big Arch Back Price Kntzeck Bros 

Progressive O. J. McCullough . 

Big Price King J. D. McDonald. . 

Mc's Ideal O. J. McCullough. 

Average 



Age 
(days) 
394 



399 
396% 



Age 
(days) 
216 
210 
215 
212 
215 
215 
215 
215 
214% 



Weight 
539 
517 
558 
482 
445 
514 
498 
428 
498 



Weight 
328 
342 



240 
235 
243 
220 
239 
268 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



AGED SOWS 

Age 
Owner (days) 

Geo. N. Parkerl 1,128 

945 



Premium Name 

1 Nancy Masterpiece 

2 Orange May 2d Fred Caldwell 

3 Bower's Giantess W. A. Bowers. . 

4 Price Lady Bob Kritzeck Bros.. . 

5 Van Der Wilt Lucky J. D. McDonald. 

6 Model Orange H. F. Adams. . . . 

7 The Pilot Type John F. O'Brien 

Average 



Name 



SENIOa YEARLING SOWS 

Owner 



Buster's Clipper Silver Brook Farm. . 

Wonder Queen J. D. McDonald 

Lady Clansman H. F. Adams 

Jumbo's Mary M. A. Dowling 

Big Model John F. O'Brien 

Average 



Nar 



JUNrOn YEARLING SOWS 



Owner 



Giant Maid I. J. Conrad 

Liberator's Best Glover & Winn ... . 

Miss Rainbow Wm. Cottrell 

Giantess Equal 1st Silver Brook Farm. 

Miss Quality J. D. McDonald . . . 

Mc's Miss Price J. D. McDonald. . . . 

Clan's Orange Silver Brook Farm . 

Caverly Queen E. C. Caverly 

Average 



SENIOR sow PIGS 



Name 



Owner 



Orange Lady 3d Silver Brook Farm. 

Clan's Girl 3d Silver Brook Farm . 

Clan's Girl 2d Silver Brook Farm . 

Buster's Delight Glover &'Winn. . . . 

Bob's Miss Porter J. D. McDonald 

Winning Queen 7th Graham & Sons. . . 

Mastodon Lassie J. D. McDonald. . . . 

Lady Timm Kritzeck Bros 

Average 



Name 



JUNIOR sow PIGS 



Owner 



Prize Lady Glover & Winn 

Black Lil 2d Pleasant Hill Farm. 

Princess Sol Leonard 

Fashion Princess Sol Leonard 

Liberty Princess Sol Leonard 

Miss Timm Jones 3d W. O. Bowers 

Valley Maid M. A. Dowling 

Miss Rainbow M. A. Dowling 

Average 



812 
1,130 
935 
952 
958 3-7 



'eight 
788 
740 
714 

lame 
774 
655 
598 
712 



(days) 
76r 



765 
764 
639 
594 
761 
704 3-5 



Weight 
350 



632 
644 
626 
558 
622 



Age 
(days) 
546 
573 
535 
570 
576 
580 
556 
567 
562% 

Age 
(days) 
392 
400 
400 
400 
398 
397 
390 
397 
398% 

Age 
(days) 
205 
213 
216 
216 
216 
212 
210 
210 
212% 



Weight 
670 
570 
597 
529 
682 
592 
530 
610 
598 



Weight 
463 
446 
444 
423 
466 
467 
438 
469 
452 



Weight 
326 
307 
318 
310 
318 



254 
256 
297 



•Compiled by The 



CHAPTER XXll 

* Poland China Champions 1910-1920 

r ROM the beginning of Poland China history, the show-ring has been 
the "measurer" of progress of the breed. We call your attention to 
Chapter 5, "Foundation Material," wherein are listed a number of pedi- 
grees referring to winnings at various shows. Among these are the two 
foundation boars of the breed, namely, Zack and Irwin's Sweepstakes, 
shown at the St. Louis fair in 1869. We wish it were possible to give 
their placings, but a wide research has not availed us of this record. 
Sufficeth to say, the impressions made by the superiority of these two 
great boars marked a beginning in the actual process of developing a 
new breed. 

It would no doubt be most interesting to know of the winners from 
1869 to the time of our subject, and for a major part we have given such 
information in other chapters, but this complete record of champions 
for the past decade will undoubtedly bring back pleasant memories to 
many who so gallantly fought battles for supremacy in the exhibiting 
of their hogs. 

Competition and conflict product opportunities that, when properly 
met, produce a betterment in type and merits of a breed. The show- 
ring is the school where men learn the type and individual merits of 
the breed. For the most part the Poland Chinas have been very suc- 
cessful in reaching a satisfactory type, cherishing today the coveted 
honor of leading all other breeds in the nearest to perfection, so far as 
human intelligence can fix as a perfect hog, the attainment of which is 
largely due to the unselfish foresight of those who have exhibited their 
hogs and profited thereby. 

1910 

IOWA STATE FAIR Weight by Big Bone Mouw; dam, Ex- 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar— J. E. pansion Blue 2d by Expansion. 

Meharry, Tolono, 111., on B. L.'s Per- Champion Sow— J. C. Meese, Ord, Neb., 

fection by Perfect I Know; dam, Per- on Miss Mastiff by Young Tecumseh; 

feet Louise by S. P.'s Perfection. dam, Miss Priceless 2d by M.'s Black 

Junior Champion Boar—S. P. Chiles, Chief 2d. 

Fairfield la. Champion Soil) Bred by Exhibitor — J. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow— 3. E. C. Meese on Miss Mastiff. 

Meharry on Violet by Erector; dam, kansas state fair, Hutchinson 
Nell R by Lover , „ ,, . Senior and Grand Champion Boar- 
Junior Champion Sow— J. E. Meharry „_ ^^^ c„k.... r „.„L, ..„. „ 



on Cinderella by Erector; dam, Nancy 
B. Corrector by Corrector. 



Geo. W. Roberts, Larned, Kas., on 

Meddler Sunshine by Meddler 2d; 

dam, Keep On Sunshine by Keep On. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR Junior Chompiou Boar — Geo. W. Rob- 

Champion Boar — Lyman Peck, Ft. Cal- erts on Looking Forward by King 

houn, Neb., on Big Mischief. Darkness; dam. Keep On Sunshine by 

Champion Boar Bred by Exhibitor— 'W. Keep On. 

E. Willey, Steele City, Neb., on Heavy Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 



144 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Stryker Bros., Fredonia, Kas., on 
Courtley. 
Junior Champion Soiv — Stryker Bros, 
on Pilot Bud. 

INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Champion Boar — Locke & Dodge, Rem- 
ington, Ind., on L. & W.'s Successor 
by L. & W.'s Perfection; dam, Stylish 
Sunshine by Stylish Keep On. 

Champion Boar Bred by Exhibitor — • 
Locke & Dodge on L. & W.'s Succes- 
sor. 

Champion Sow — Wellington & Spring, 
Clymers, Ind., on Master L. & W. 

Champion Sow Bred by Exhibitor — 
Wellington & Spring on Master L. & 
W. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Champion Boar— J. C. Meese, Ord, Neb., 
on Young Mastiff by Meese's Mastiff; 
dam. Lady Superior by King Look. 

Champion Sow — J. C. Meese on Miss 
Mastiff by Young Tecumseh; dam. 
Miss Priceless 2d by M.'s Black Chief 
2d. 



MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — ■ 
John Belcher, Raymore, Mo., on Ex- 
pansion Wonder by Expansion; dam. 
Big Lady I by Chief I. 

Junior Champion Boar — S. Y. Burks, 
Bolivar, Mo., on Perfection Boy by 
Walbridge; dam, Maud Wilkes by 
Dominator. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — W. 
H. Burks, Bolivar, Mo., on Christmas 
Lass by Meddler Corrected; dam. 
Runaway Girl. 

Junior Champion Sow — Noel Bros., La 
Belle, Mo., on Noel's Perfect Lady. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 

E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Banker's 

Model by Banker; dam. Flower Line 

by Next in Line. 
Junior Champion Boar — S. P. Chiles, 

Fairfield, la., on Uhlan. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 

Meharry on Violet. 
Junior Champion Sow — S. P. Chiles on 

Lady Fairfield 2d. 



1911 



IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, III., on I Am Banker 
by First Mate; dam, Leona by Banker. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry 
on Peter the Great by Comptroller; 
dam, Nannie 7th by Erector. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry on Cinderella by Erector; 
dam, Nannie B. Corrector by Correc- 
tor. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 
on Nannie 9th by Corrector; dam, 
Nannie 7th by Erector. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Champion Boar, Any Age — Henry Lauer, 
Eldorado, la., on Chief Again Price 
by Chief Price Again; dam, Lady 
Jumbo by Long Chief. 

Champion Boar, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor — Same. 

Champion Sow, Any Age — R. B. Baird, 
Central City, Neb., on Baird's Model 
2d by Big Columbus; dam, Baird's 
Model. 

Champion Sow, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor — Same. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior Champion Boar — C. F. Gummert, 
Renville, Minn., on Tip Top by Mag- 
net; dam, Miss On 295246. 



Junior and Grand Champion Boar — G. 

W. Wheeler & Son, Kasson, Minn., on 

Big Corrector by Correct Thickset; 

dam, Sweet Ina by Thickset. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — G. 

W. Wheeler & Son on Stylish Lady by 

Matchless I Know; dam. Sensation by 

Thickset Jr. 
Junior Champion Sow — E. J. Cowles & 

Son, West Concord, Minn., on Jane 

Jones 2d. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Champion Boar — W. T. Hammond, Por- 

tis, Kas., on Blue Valley Chief by Blue 

Valley Blue. 
Champion Sow — C. W. Jones, Solomon, 

Kas., on Miss Mollie by Ovation; dam, 

Jr. Queen 3d. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Lee 
Stanford, Lyons, Kas., on Smuggler by 
E. L.'s Clover Bud; dam, Fantastic by 
Impudence. 

Junior Champion Boar — G. W. Roberts, 
Earned, Kas., on Meadow Chief 2d by 
Meadow Chief; dam by E. L.'s Clover 
Bud. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — The 
Mortons, Tampa, Kas., on Belton's 
Pride by Star Pointer; dam, Masti- 
cator. 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



Junior Champion Sow — Stryker Bros., 
Fredonia, Kas., on Triumph by The 
Pilot; dam. Coquette. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
E. Finley, Smithton, Mo., on Chief 
Spellbinder. 

Junior Champion Boar — D. B. Right- 
mire, Monticello, Mo. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Fuller Bros., Humphreys, Mo., on Lit- 
tle Surprise. 

Junior Champion Sow — H. T. Hall, 
Kirksville, Mo., on Betsy. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 



Francis & Marker, New Lenox, 111., 
on Marcus by Meddler Keep On; dam. 
Corrector Perfection 2d by Francis 
Perfection. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry, 
Tolono, 111., on Banker 2d's Image by 
Banker 2d; dam, Blue Bird Corrector 
2d by Corrector. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry on Cinderella by Erector; 
dam, Nancy B. Corrector by Correc- 
tor. 

Junior Champion Sow — Carver Bros., 
Princeton, 111., on Flash On by High 
Grade; dam, Flashy Come by Come 
On. 



1912 



IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — S. 
A. Roberts, Knoxville, la., on A Model 
by Blake's Best; dam, Bettie's Dude by 
C.'s Dude. 

Junior Champion Boar — Chas. H. 
Krumm, Postville, la., on Chief I 
Know by Krumm's Chief; dam, Dark- 
ness 6th by Expansion King Jr. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Louise Model 
by Banker's Model; dam, Louise Har- 
vester by The Harvester. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 
on Perfect Model by Banker's Model; 
dam, Perfect Lady 2d by On the Dot. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Champion Boar, Any Age — R. B. Baird, 
Central City, Neb., on Columbus by 
Big Columbus; dam, Nellie B. by Or- 
phan Boy. 

Champion Boar, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor — Same. 

Champion Sow, Any Age — F. P. Robin- 
son, Maryville, Mo., on May's Giant- 
ess by Giant Bob; dam, Mae by Giant 
Dick. 

Champion Sow, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor — Same. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry, 
Tolono, 111., on Banker's Model 2d by 
Banker's Model; dam, Charity Keep- 
sake 3d. 

Junior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
E. Meharry on Perfect Banker by 
Banker's Model; dam. Perfect Lady. 

Senior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 
on Nannie 9th by Comptroller; dam, 
Nannie 7th. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 



Meharry on Perfect Model 2d by 
Banker's Model; dam. Perfect Lady 
1st. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — R. 
B. Baird, Central City, Neb., on Co- 
lumbus by Big Columbus; dam, Nellie 
B. by Orphan Boy. 

Junior Champion Boar — Stryker Bros., 
Fredonia, Kas., on Casino. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — R. 
B. Baird on Champion of 1912. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. C. Meese, 
Ord, Neb., on M.'s Choice. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Lee 

Stanford, Lyons, Kas., on Smuggler by 

E. L.'s Cloverbud; dam. Fantastic by 

Impudence. 
Junior Champion Boar — Stryker Bros., 

Fredonia, Kas., on senior pig. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — R, 

B. Baird, Central City, Neb., on junior 

pig- 
Junior Champion Sow — Stryker Bros. 

on senior pig. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. E. 

Meharry, Tolono, 111., on R. T. C. 

193193 by Sangamo Special; dam, 

Rosella by Noble Standard. 
Junior Champion Boar — Frank D. Winn, 

Mastin, Mo. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 

Meharry on Louise Model by Banker's 

Model; dam, Louise Harvester by The 

Harvester. 
Junior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 

on Perfect Model by Banker's Model; 

dam. Perfect Lady 2d by On the Dot. 



146 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — R. 
B. Baird. Central City, Neb., on Co- 
lumbus by Big Columbus; dam, Nellie 
B. by Orphan Boy. 

Junior Champion Boar — S. Y. Burks, 
Bolivar, Mo., on Noxall by Dominator 



Sensation; dam, Topsy by Missouri 
Perfection. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — R. 
B. Baird. 

Junior Champion Sow — G. M. Hoadley, 
Sedalia, Mo., on Pauline by Water 
Lily's King; dam, Trilby by Con- 
structor. 




Long Giantess 
ltd Champion Sow Tri-State Fci 



1913 



KANSAS STATE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 

Z. Baker, Rich Hill, Mo., on King Had- 

ley by Big Hadley; dam, Big Beauty 

6th by King Blaine. 
Junior Champion Boar — J. C. Meese, 

Ord, Neb., on Futurity Big Gun by Big 

Gun; dam. Lady M. by Young MastifT. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 

Meese on Sweet Hilda by Big Gun; 

dam. Sweet Look by King Look. 
Junior Champion Sow — J. C. Meese on 

Futurity Miss by Big Gun; dam. Lady 

M. by Young Mastiff. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Champion Boar, Any Age — Timm Neu- 
hofel. Central City, Neb., by The Big 
Orphan by Big Columbus; dam, Nellie 
B. by Orphan Boy. 

Champion Boar, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor— C B. Powers, Aurora, Neb., 
on Again Expansion by Expansion 
Again; dam. King's Giantess bv Long 
King. 



Champion Sow, Any Age — W. A. Ling- 
ford, Dannebrog, Neb., on Marie. 

Champion Sow, Any Age, Bred by Ex- 
hibitor — Same* 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Lee 
Stanford, Lyons, Kas., on Smuggler 
by E. L.'s Cloverbud; dam. Fantastic 
by Impudence. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. C. Meese, 
Ord, Neb., on Futurity Big Gun by 
Big Gun; dam. Lady M. by Young 
Mastiff. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 
Meese on Big Gun by Dorr's Expan- 
sion; dam. Lady O. by Mastiff Boy. 

Junior Champion Sow — Stryker Bros., 
Fredonia, Kas., on Silver Crest. 

lOVVA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Sultan by 
Meddler Keep On; dam, Corrector Per- 
fection 2d by Francis Perfection. 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1010-1920 



147 



Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry 
on Banker's Perfection by Depositor; 
dam, Walkover Perfection by Master 
Walkover. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry on Louise Model 2d by Bank- 
er's Model; dam, Louise Harvester by 
The Harvester. 

Junior Champion Soiu — J. E. Meharry 
on Florence by Depositor; dam. Walk- 
over Perfection by Master Walkover. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Sultan by 
Meddler Keep On; dam. Corrector 
Perfection 2d by Francis Perfection. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry 
on Banker's Perfection by Depositor; 
dam. Walkover Perfection by Master 
Walkover. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry on Louise Model 2d by Bank- 
er's Model; dam, Louise Harvester by 
The Harvester. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 
on Florence by Depositor; dam, Walk- 
over Perfection by Master Walkover. 



ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — B. 
F. Reed & Son, Veedersburg, Ind., on 
Prophet. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry, 
Tolono, 111., on Banker's Perfection by 
Depositor; dam. Walkover Perfection 
by Master Walkover. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry on Louise Model 2d by Bank- 
er's Model; dam, Louise Harvester by 
The Harvester. 

Junior Champion Sow — Frank D. Winn, 
Mastin, Mo., on Elegant. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — H. 

T. Hall, Kirksville, Mo., on Orator. 
Junior Champion Boar — M. D. Porter, 

Vandalia, Mo., on Missouri King by 

Golden Harvest; dam. Morning Glory 

by Tattler. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — W. 

Z. Baker, Rich Hill, Mo., on Hadley's 

Beauty 2d. 
Junior Champion Sow — Thos. McKone, 

Monticello, Mo., on sow by Prince of 

Durham. 



1914 



IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, la., on Smooth 
Big Bone by Black Big Bone; dam. 
Choice of Maids B. by Wonder 4th. 

Junior Champion Boar — A. Kool, Cor- 
dova, la., on Big Wonder by A Won- 
der; dam, Lady Lightfoot 5th by Big 
Victor's Improver. 

Senior Champion Sow — M. Shivvers & 
Son, Knoxville, la., on Hillcroft's Or- 
phan by Hillcroft Half ton; dam. The 
Orphan by The Big Orphan. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — D. 
C. Lonergan,, Florence, Neb., on Big 
Type Girl by Norman Blue; dam, 
Queen Look by Pana Look. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Soar— D. 
C. Lonergan, Florence, Neb., on Big 
Ursus by Big Mischief; dam by Big 
Victor. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. C. Meese, 
Ord, Neb., on Futurity Rexall by Or- 
phan Wonder 1st; dam, Meese's 
Choice 141362. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Beall & Jackson, Roca, Neb., on Queen 
of Wonders by Nebraska Wonder; 
dam, Fancy Hadley by Jumbo Jr. 



Junior Champion Sow — J. C. Meese on 
Miss Lady M. 3d by Pan Mastiff. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 
E. Willey, Steele City, Neb., on Su- 
perba by Skylark; dam, Anna Price 
11th by Pawnee Lad. 

Junior Champion Boar — W. E. Willey 
on Big Bone's Son Jr. by Big Bone's 
Son; dam, Anna Price 11th by Paw- 
nee Lad. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — W. 
E. Willey on What's Wanted 2d by 
Norman Blue. 

Junior Champion Sow — W. E. Willey on 
Anna Price 34th by Big Bone's Son; 
dam, Anna Price 11th by Pawnee Lad. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Stryker Bros., Fredonia, Kas., on Pow- 
hattan. 

Junior Champion Boar — Stryker Bros. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sou} — 
Stryker Bros, on Salome. 

Junior Champion Sow — F. Olivier & 
Sons, Danville, Kas., on Proud Lady 
2d by Blue Valley Price; dam, Proud 
Lady by Perfect Perfection. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 



148 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., on 
Big Tom by Momentum; dam, Anna 
Belle by Bellmetal. 
Junior Champion Boar — G. W. Wheeler 
& Son, Kasson, Minn., on Correct I 
Am. 



Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Gcr- 
lich & Barker, Mankato, Minn., on 
Sioux Queen by Great Expansion; 
dam, Big Bess by Lyon Chief. 

Junior Champion Sony — John Richcrt, 
Mabel, Minn., on Lady Wonder •Ith. 




M.'s Long Joe 
First Pii::e Aged Bo 



1915 



IOWA STATE FAIR 



Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, la., on Black 
Big Bone 2d by Black Big Bone; dam, 
Mouw's Luck by Big Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Boar — Isaac Overton, 
Knoxville, la., on Young Big Knox by 
Big Knox. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — I. J. 
Conrad, Melbourne, la., on Mammoth 
Queen by Big Wonder Again; dam. 
Crow's Choice by Crow's Kind. 

Junior Champion Sow — M. Shivvers & 
Son, Knoxville, la., on Queen Expan- 
sion 2d by Chief Price I Am; dam. 
Queen Expansion. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Neb., on Big 
Timm by The Big Orphan; dam, Long 
Thickset 1st by Long Wonder. 

Junior Champion Boar — Wm. Ferguson 
on Fessy's Timm by Big Timm; dam, 
Susan 2d by Long Boy. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 
Meese, Ord, Neb., on Meese's Choice 



by Dorr's Expansion; dam. Dorr's 
Choice by Long Wonder. 
Junior Champion Sow — J. C. Meese on 
Miss Orphan Wonder 2d by Orphan 
Wonder 1st; dam, Meese's Choice by 
Dorr's Expansion. 

INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — F. 

W. Kerlin, Rockfield, Ind., on Long 

Chief by Chief Price Wonder. 
Junior Champion Boar — Williams & 

Spurling, Bryant, Ind. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — B. B. 

Johnson & Son, Atlanta, Ind. 
Junior Champion Sow — S. D. Ghere, 

Danville, Ind. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — T. 
W. Cavett, Phillips, Neb., on Big Price 
by Long Price; dam, Giantess by Clo- 
verdale Hadley. 

Junior Champion Boar — W. Z. Baker, 
Rich Hill, Mo., on John Hadley by 
King John; dam, Hadley Beauty 2d 
by Big Hadley. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



149 



Meese, Ord, Neb., on Miss Choice by 
Pan Mastiff; dam, Meese's Choice by 
Dorr's Expansion. 
Junior Champion Sow — W. A. Baker & 
Son, Butler, Mo., on Lady B. by Major 
B. Hadley Jr.; dam. Big Lady Look by 
Grand Look Jr. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. J. 

Cowles, West Concord, Minn. 
Junior Champion Boar — G. W. Wheeler 

& Son, Kasson, Minn. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — E. J. 

Cowles. 
Junior Champion Sow — G. W. Wheeler 

& Son. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — A. J. 
Erhart & Sons, Ness City, Kas., on 
Big Hadley Jr. by Young Hadley; 
dam, Tecumseh Girl by Major B. Had- 
ley. 

Junior Champion Boar — C. B. Palmer, 
Marion, Kas., on Sir Dudlye by Qual- 
ity Enough; dam, Bess Wonder by A 
Wonder's Equal. 



Senior and Grand Champion Sow — W. 
E. Willey, Steele City, Neb., on Anna 
Price 34th by Big Bone's Son; dam, 
Anna Price 11th by Pawnee Lad. 

Junior Champion Sow — W. A. Baker & 
Sons, Butler, Mo., on Lady B. by 
Major B. Hadley Jr.; dam. Big Lady 
Look by Grand Look Jr. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Will G. Lockridge, Fayette, Mo., on 
The Giant by Hercules; dam. Colossal 
Giantess by Colossal. 

Junior Champion Boar — S. Y. Burks, 
Bolivar, Mo., on Missouri's Wonder 
by A. J.'s Wonder; dam, Sallie T. by 
Missouri Perfection. 

Senior Champion Sow — W. E. Willey, 
Steele City, Neb., on Anna Price 36th 
by Big Bone's Son; dam, Anna Price 
11th by Pawnee Lad. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — M. 
D. Porter, Vandalia, Mo., on Smooth 
Big Queen by Long Prospect; dam. 
Big Queen by Miller's Chief Price. 



1916 



lOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, la., on Long 
Big Bone by Black Big Bone; dam, 
Mouw's Lucy by Big Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Boar — H. Wade Gillis 
and Osbert Allender, Mt. Pleasant, la., 
on G. & A.'s King Joe by Big Joe; 
dam, Lady Giantess Wonder by A 
Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — • 
Isaac Overton, Knoxville, la., on Miss 
Big Knox by Big Knox; dam. Chief's 
Beauty by Chief Price Again. 

Junior Champion Sow — F. G. Paul, Mar- 
shalltown, la., on Black Big Modesty 
by Mouw's Black Jumbo; dam. Big 
Modesty 2d by Big Bone's Wonder. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
C. Meese, Ord, Neb., on Meese's Rex- 
all by M.'s Rexall; dam, M.'s Choice 
by Big Gunn. 

Junior Champion Boar — W. L. McNutt, 
Ord, Neb., on Money Maker by Big 
Lad; dam, Esther by Orphan Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 
Meese on Miss Monarch Wonder by 
The Big Monarch; dam. Miss Delight 
2d by Orphan Wonder 1st. 

Junior Champion Sow — Wm. Ferguson, 
Scribner, Neb., on Timm's Big Four 



1st by Big Timm; dam. Big Susan by 
Long Boy. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 
J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., on 
Big Price by Long Price; dam. Giant- 
ess by Cloverdale Hadley. 

Junior Champion Boar — W. J. Graham 
on Big Peter Jr. by Big Peter; dam. 
Miller's Best by Miller's Longfellow. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. D. 
McDonald, Noith Bend, Wis., on Miss 
Chief Price by Meddler's Dude; dam, 
Dolly Chief Price. 

Junior Champion Sow — W. J. Graham 
on Big Peter's Best by Big Peter; dam, 
Miller's Best by Miller's Longfellow. 

KANSAS FREE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred B. Caldwell, Howard, Kas., on 
Caldwell's Big Bob by Big Bob Won- 
der; dam. Expansive Belle by Expan- 
sive. 

Junior Champion Boar — A. J. Erhart & 
Sons, Ness City, Kas., on Big Hadley's 
Equal by Big Hadley Jr.; dam, Lady 
Jumbo's Equal by Long King's Equal. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — H. 
B. Walter & Son, ElRngham, Kas., on 
Big Bob's Lady by Big Bob Wonder; 
dam, Expansive Belle by Expansive. 



150 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Junior Champion Sow — Phil Dawson, 
Endicott, Neb., on Pana Uhlan by The 
Giant Uhlan; dam, Pana Belle by 
Pana Look. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — F. 
Olivier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on A 
Wonderful King by King of All; dam. 
Wonderful Jumbo 4th by A Wonder. 

Junior Champion Boar — F. Olivier & 
Sons on Big Chief by Chief Price; 
dam, Model Belle 2d by Model Expan- 
sion. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Phil 
Dawson, Endicott, Neb., on Belle 
Wonder by Jumbo Look; dam, Won- 
der Belle by King George. 

Junior Champion Sow — Phil Dawson on 
Pana Uhlan by The Giant Uhlan; 
dam, Pana Belle by Pana Look. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 

E. Marlow & Son, Wellsville, Mo., on 

Missouri Blue Valley by Blue Valley; 

■ dam, Blue Valley Satin by Blue Valley 

Orange. 

Junior Champion Boar — Will G. Lock- 
ridge, Fayette, Mo., on The Giant's 
Equal by The Giant; dam. Long Won- 
der 2d by A Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Ed 
W. Cook, Trenton, Mo., on Sunshine 
C. by Big Model; dam, Sunshine by 
Big Surprise. 



Junior Champion Sow — M. D. Porter, 
Vandalia, Mo., on Lady Golden by 
Golden Gate King; dam. Miss Big 
Bone by Big Bone 2d. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — H. 
F. Adams, Castleton, III., on Adams' 
Big Bone. 

Junior Champion Boar — Mark I. Shaw, 
Monroe, la., on Big Eclipse by Big- 
gest Yet; dam, Anna Sunshine. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Orange Dol- 
lie by Big Orange Equal; dam, Dollie 
3d by Sunshine. 

Junior Champion Sow — B. F. Dorsey & 
Son, Versailles, 111., on Handsome. 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW, OMAHA, NEB. 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, la., on Long 
Big Bone by Black Big Bone; dam, 
Mouw's Lucy by Big Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Boar — H. Wade Gillis 
and Osbert Allender & Sons, Mt. 
Pleasant, la., on G. & A.'s King Joe 
by King Joe; dam. Lady Giantess 
Wonder by A Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Fred Sievers on Big Maid 2d by 
Smooth Big Bone; dam. Big Maid 1st 
by Big Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow — Phil Dawson. 
Endicott, Neb., on Pana Uhlan by 
The Giant Uhlan; dam, Pana Belle by 
Pana Look. 



1917 



IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — An- 
derson Bros., West Liberty, la., on 
A.'s Mastodon by Mastodon Wonder; 
dam. Miss Jumbo by Jumbo Chief. 

Junior Champion Boar — John Schmeid- 
er, Renisen, la., on Futurity Wonder 
by Great Wonder; dam. Show Girl by 
Blue Valley Chief 2d. 

Senior Champion Sow — W. E. Conrad, 
Melbourne, la., on Lucy by Chief 
Wonder; dam. Black Nancy by Crow's 
Kind. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — M. 
A. Dowling, Reasnor, la., on Orange 
Dolly by Orange Boy; dam, Betty by 
Biggest Yet. 

NERRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — O. 
E. Wade, Rising City, Neb., on Spot's 
Wonder by Nebraska Wonder; dam. 
Spot by Jumbo the Great. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. V. Slepicka 



& Son, Wilbur, Neb., on W. A.'s Won- 
der by Turkey Valley Orange; dam, 
Bessie Wonder by Woodline Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Phil 
Dawson, Endicott, Neb., on Robina 
4th by Caldwell's Big Bob; dam. 
Jumbo Lady 4th by Elkmore Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Sow — H. H. Meyer & 
Sons, Fontanclle, Neb., on Bonnie Bos 
by Bos Premigenius; dam, Bonnie 
Star by Nebraska Giant. 

INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Sil- 
ver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind., on 
Buster Over by Giant Buster; dam. 
Miss Longfellow by Longfellow's 
Equal. 

Junior Champion Boar — M. C. Brown & 
Son, Miirlinsville, ().. on Ohio Giant 
by The Giant. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Sil- 
ver Brook Farm on Indiana Giantess 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



by Giant Buster; dam, Big Bone Giant- 
ess by Hoosier Giant. 
Junior Champion Sow— Cliarles Well- 
ington, Clymers, Ind., on Lady Her- 
cules. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Kritzeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn., 
on Big Price's Equal by Big Quality; 
dam. Big Lady by Long Price. 

Junior Champion Boar— Kritzeck Bros, 
on Big Price 3d. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. D. 
McDonald, West Salem, Wis., on Miss 
Price 4th by Big Knox; dam. Price 
Queen by Chief Price 2d. 

Junior Champion Sow — Kritzeck Bros, 
on Black Lady Price. 

KANSAS FREE FAIR, TOPEKA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Bert 
E. Hodson, Ashland, Kas., on Mc- 
Gath's Big Orphan by The Big Or- 
phan; dam. Lady Bose 6th by A Won- 
der Price. 

Junior Champion Boar — H. B. Walter & 
Son, Effingham, Kas., on Bob Quality 
by Big Bob Wonder; dam. Miss Dark- 
ness 17th by Blue Ribbon Quality. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Phil 
Dawson, Endicott, Neb., on Robina 
4th by Caldwell's Big Bob; dam. Jum- 
bo Lady 4th by Elkmore Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Sow — H. B. Walter & 
Son on Wonder Beauty by Big Bob 
Wonder; dam. Long Beauty by King 
John. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR, HUTCHINSON 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Bert E. Hodson, Ashland, Kas., on Mc- 
Gath's Big Orphan by The Big Or- 
phan; dam. Lady Rose 6th by A Won- 
der Price. 

Junior Champion Boar — A. J. Erhart & 
Sons, Ness City, Kas., on Long Bob 
by Big Bob 2d. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Phil 
Dawson, Endicott, Neb., on Robina 
4th by Caldwell's Big Bob; dam. Jum- 
bo Lady 4th by Elkmore Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Sow — Phil Dawson on 
Uhlan's Columbia 2d by B.'s Colum- 



bia; dam, Peggy Big Bone by The 
Giant Uhlan. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Chief De- 
fender by Mouw's Chief; dam, Brad- 
dy D. by Big Defender. 

Junior Champion Boar — R o b i n s o n 
Bros., Morton, 111., on Big Bob 2d by 
Big Bob; dam, Beauty by A Jumbo. 

Senior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry 
on M.'s Choice by Big Bob; dam. Big 
Wonder's Kind by Big Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow — M. A. Dowling, 
Reasnor, la., on Orange Dolly by 
Orange Boy; dam, Betty by Biggest 
Yet. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Bridges Bros., Slater, Mo., on Bridges' 
Bob Wonder by Big Bob Wonder; 
dam, Lady H. by Moore's Halvor. 

Junior Champion Boar — Bennett Bros.", 
Lees Summit, Mo., on Korver's Best 
by Korver's Big Jumbo; dam, Kor- 
ver's Big Lady 2d by Big Jones Again. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — M. 
D. Porter, Vandalia, Mo., on Wonder 
Giantess by The Giant; dam, Choice 
Wonder by A Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow — E. E. Marlow 
& Son, Wellsville, Mo., on Lulu King 
2d by Missouri Blue Valley; dam. 
Lulu King by Wedd's Long King. 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW, OMAHA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred by Caldwell, Howard, Kas., on 
Caldwell's Big Bob by Big Bob Won- 
der; dam. Expansive Belle by Expan- 
sive. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. V. Slepicka 
& Son, Wither, Neb., on W. A.'s Won- 
der by Turkey Valley Orange; dam, 
Bessie Wonder by Woodline Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, 111., on M.'s Choice 
by Big Bob; dam. Big Wonder's Kind 
by Big Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow — R. W. Halford, 
Manning, la., on Bob's Giantess A. by 
Big Bob; dam, Giantess Best by Black 
Giant. 



1918 



CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Gatewood, Fresno, Calif., on 
King Big Bone Leader. 

Junior Champion Boar — Young & Clark, 



Lodi, Calif., on Long Big Bone. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Young & Clark on Smooth Beauty. 
Junior Champion Sow — Young & Clark 

on Black Beauty 5th. 



152 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 

E. Flora, Rockfield, Ind., on Long 

Chief Again. 
Junior Champion Boar — Silver Brook 

Farm, Muncie, Ind., on Buster the 

Great. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. A. 

Sheldon & Son, Manilla, Ind., on Giant 

Pride. 
Junior Champion Sow — Silver Brook 

Farm on Buster's Empress. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Os- 
car B. Hensel, Edelstein, 111., and 
Harry F. Adams, Edelstein, 111., on 
Model Mastodon. 

Junior Champion Boar — Robinson Bros., 
Morton, 111., on Expanding King. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 
Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Liberty. 

Junior Champion Sow — Gay Buckley, 
Galesburg, 111., on Long King. 

IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — R. 
W. Halford, Manning, la., on Big Im- 
prover. 

Junior Champion Boar — A. D. Severe, 
Dows, la., on The Rival. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Fred 
Sievers, Audubon, la., on Long Lady 
Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow— R. W. Halford 
on Bob's Giantess. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — • 
George M. Parkert, Hooper, Neb., on 
Bobbie. 

Junior Champion Boar— Fred B. Cald- 
well, Howard, Kas., on Big Mack. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Moore Farms, Gardner, Kas., on Miss 
Chief A. 

Junior Champion Sow — Robert L. 
Barnes, Grenola, Kas., on Zelma 
Queen. 

KENTUCKY STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Huffman Bros., Centerville, Ky., on 
Big Bone Timm. 

Junior Champion Boar — Thomas Pow- 



ers, Crittenden, Ky., on Long Orange. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Huffman Bros, on Lady Giant. 
Junior Champion Sow — Thomas Powers 

on Great Mollie. 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 

J. Graham, Howard Lake, Minn., on 

Black Prince. 
Junior Champion Boar — J. E. Meharry, 

Tolono, 111., on Expansion King. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Charles E. Lyden, Manning, la., on 

Josephine 1st. 
Junior Champion Sow — M. C. Brown & 

Son, Martinsville, O., on Liberty Girl. 

OHIO STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — A. 

C. Grieve & Son, Zenia, O. 
Junior Champion Boar — M. C. Brown & 

Son, Martinsville, O. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Grieve & Son. 

OKLAHOMA STATE FAIR AT MUSKOGEE 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Moore Farms, Gardner, Kas. 

Junior Champion Boar — Moore Farms. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow- 
Moore Farms. 

Junior Champion Sow — Moore Farms. 

OKLAHOMA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — R. 
A. Welch, Red Oak, on Buster Giant. 

Junior Champion Boar — R. A. Welch on 
Council Hill Buster. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Moore Farms, Gardner, Kas., on Bus- 
ter's Best. 

Junior Champion Sow — R. A. Welch on 
Big Joe's Black Beauty. 

WISCONSIN STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Dobson, Eastman & Rech, Lancaster, 
Wis., on Double Hadley. 

Senior Champion Boar — J. F. Diley, 
Rush Lake, Wis. 

Senior Grand Champion Sow — J. D. Mc- 
Donald, West Salem, Wis., on Miss 
Wapsie 1st. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. D. McDonald 
on Wapsie Lady. 



ARIZONA STATE FAIR 

Senior Champion Boar — H. W. Haines. 

Casa Grande, Ariz. 
Junior Champion Boar — Omer McCul- 

lough. Mesa, Ariz. 



1919 

Senior Champion Sow — H. W. Haines. 
Junior Champion Sow — Roland A. Ful- 
ton, Phoenix, Ariz. 

CALIFORNrV STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



153 



Fred Gatewood, Fresno, Calif., on 

Giant Bob. 
Junior Champion Boar — J. F. Lehman, 

Lodi, Calif., on Big Bone King. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Mc- 

Carty & Starkweather, San Francisco, 

Calif., on Big Mary 3d. 
Junior Champion Sow — McCarty & 

Starkweather on Nugget Nell. 

ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 

Adams & Hensel, Edelstein, 111., on 

Liberty Boy. 
Junior Champion Boar — E. C. Caverly & 

Son, Toulon, 111., on Son of Nobility. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. E. 

Meharry, Tolono, 111., on Big Square 

Braddy. 
Junior Champion Sow — Dorsey & Sons, 

Jacksonville, 111., on Elleanor. 

INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
A. Shelton & Son, Manilla, Ind., on 
Long Big Bone 2d. 

Junior Champion Boar — Padgett & Gum- 
mery, Whitestown, Ind., on Smooth 
Bob. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Al- 
bert Petre, Andrews, Ind., on Daisy 
Lunker. 

Junior Champion Sow — Clarence Mil- 
lion, Monticello, Ind., on Princess 
Prospect. 

INTERN.^TIONAL LIVE STOCK EXPOSITION 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 

Peter Mouw & Co., Orange City, la., 

on Mouw's 6600. 
Junior Champion Boar — Wolph Bros., 

Nehawka, Neb., on Bob's Masterpiece. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Z. 

C. Herlong, Micanopy, Fla., on Her- 

long's Model. 
Junior Champion Sow — Palmer Bros., 

Yorkville, 111., on Lady Orange Big 

Bone. 

INTERSTATE LIVE STOCK EXPOSITION 

Grand Champion Boa r — Bloemendaal 

Bros., Orange City, la., on Bloemen- 

daal's Big King. 
Grand Champion Sow — Meyer Bros. & 

Parkert, Hooper, Neb., on Nancy 

Masterpiece. 

IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — H. 

Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, la., on F.'s Big 

Jones. 
Junior Champion Boar — M. A. Dowling, 

Valley Junction, la., on Rainbow Boy. 



Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Meyer Bros. & Parkert on Miss Bob 
Wonder. 

Junior Champion Sow — M. A. Dowling 
on Yankee Girl. 

KANSAS FREE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Fred Caldwell, Topeka, Kas., on Crof- 
ton's Col. Bob. 

Junior Champion Boar — Deming Ranch, 
Oswego, Kas., on Expansion Bob. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Fred 
Caldwell on Orange May 2d. 

Junior Champion Sow — Kansas Agricul- 
tural College, Manhattan, Kas., on 
Bob's Wonder Queen 3d. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Oli- 
vier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on Black 
Buster. 

Junior Champion Boar — Winn & Moore, 
Randolph, Mo., on Liberty Boy. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Er- 
hart & Sons, Oregon, Mo., on Buster's 
Pride. 

Junior Champion Sow — Olivier & Sons 
on Black Buster's Kind. 

LOS ANGELES LIVE STOCK SHOW 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Viola L. Renwick, Santa Barbara, 
Calif., on El Profito. 

Junior Champion Boar — Viola L. Ren- 
wick on Big Smooth Gerstdale. 

Senior Champion Sow — M. & A. L. Bas- 
set, Hanford, Calif., on Hopeful. 

Grand Champion Sow — Big Princess 
Model. 

Junior Champion Sow — Big Princess 
Model. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 

W. Wheeler & Son, Kasson, Minn., on 

Giant Price. 
Junior Champion Boar—1. W. Wheeler 

& Son on Joe Price. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Krit- 

zeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn., on 

Mollie Lady Price. 
Junior Champion Boar — Gill by Big 

Price's Equal. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 

B. Baker, Knox City, Mo., on Big Ben 

Wonder. 
Junior Champion Boar — Winn & Moore, 

Randolph, Mo., on Big Clan. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Paul 

K. Gibbons, Edina, Mo., on Big Josie 

Gerstdale. 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Junior Champion Sow — Winn & Moore 
on Lady Clan 2d. 

MONTANA STATE FAIR 

Senior Champion Boar — Harold Dono- 
hue, Whitehall, Mont. 

Grand Champion Boar — Linquin Bros., 
Wilsall, Mont. 

Junior Champion Boar — Harold Dono- 
hue. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Lin- 
quin Bros. 

Junior Champion Sow — Spring & Sons, 
Belgrade, Mont. 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 

Bloemendaal Bros., Orange City, la., 

on The Pilot. 
Junior Champion Boar — E. C. Caverly & 

Son, Toulon, 111., on Nobility. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Meyer Bros. & Parkert, Hooper, Neb., 

on Miss Bob Wonder. 
Junior Champion Sow — Winn & Moore 

on Lady Clan 2d. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 

Crofton Caldwell, Topeka, Kas., on 

Crofton's Col. Bob. 
Junior Champion Boar — D. C. Lonergan 

& Sons, Omaha, Neb., on Omaha Bob. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 

Meyer Bros. & Parkert, Hooper, Neb., 

on Miss Bob Wonder. 
Junior Champion Sow — D. C. Lonergan 

& Son on Futurity Bess. 

NORTH DAKOTA STATE FAIR 

Champion Boar — M a r t i n Malmberg, 
Oakes, N. D., on Oakes Price. 

Champion Sow—F. M. Mills, Edgeley, N. 
D., on Mill Long Jones. 

NORTHWEST LIVE STOCK SHOW 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Ray 
J. Fox, Lyons, Ore., on Fox's A Won- 
der. 

Junior Champion Boar — Hugh Walter, 
on Alvin. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Ray 
J. Fox on Long Model. 

Junior Champion Sow — Hugh Walter, 
on Beauty Girl. 

OHIO STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 

Grieve. 
Junior Champion Boar — Townsly. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Ray 

Bros. 
Junior Champion Sow — Grieve. 



PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL 

Senior Champion Boar — E. O. Loe, Sil- 

verton. Ore. 
Grand Champion Boar — Murphy & Son, 

Hubbard, Ore. 
Junior Champion Boar — Murphy & Son. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Ray 

J. Fox, Lyons, Ore. 
Junior Champion Sow — Ray J. Fox. 

SOUTH DAKOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — C. 

B. Bates, Letcher, S. D., on Gigantic 

Jones. 
Junior Champion Boar — Graham Bros., 

Howard Lake, Minn., on Winning 

Price. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Krit- 

zeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn., on 

Mollie Lady Price. 
Junior Champion Sow — Graham Bros. 

on Winning Price. 

TEXAS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Par- 
vin & Cunningham, Prosper, Tex., on 
Council Hill Buster. 

Junior Champion Boar — Loveland Stock 
Farm, Mt. Pleasant, la., on Miss Boul- 
der 1st. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Oli- 
vier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on King 
Joe's Queen. 

Junior Champion Sow — Loveland Stock 
Farm on Miss Boulder 1st. 

WASHINGTON STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Pa- 
cific Meat Company on Long Tom Jr. 

Junior Champion Boar — C. W. Shumate 
on Master Hercules. 

Senior Champion Sow — C. W. Shumate 
on Lady Washington. 

Grand Champion Sow—\N. A. May on 
Miss Yakima. 

Junior Champion Sow — W. A. May on 
Miss Yakima. 

WISCONSIN STATE FAIR 

Senior Champion Boar — J. D. McDon- 
ald, West Salem, Wis., on National 
Bob. 

Grand Champion Boar — J. D. McDonald 
on Quality Bob. 

Junior Champion Boar — J. D. McDonald 
on Quality Bob. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. 
D. McDonald on Giant Bess. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. F. Diley & 
Sons, Rush Lake. Wis., on Fancy 
Golden Gate. 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



1920 



ILLINOIS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — J. 
W. Garvey, Thayer, III., on Greater 
Clansman by The Clansman; dam by 
Giant Buster. 

Junior Champion Boar — Ginther & Fer- 
guson, Edinburg, III., on Ferguson's 
Giant by Wonder Giant; dam, Big Girl 
by Big Standard. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — B. 
H. Cline, Athens, III., on Lady Black 
by Long Leader; dam by Giant Chief. 

Junior Champion Sow — J. E. Meharry, 
Tolonto, 111., on M's Model by Tolonto 
Timm; dam, Betty Boulder by Big 
Boulder. 

SOUTH DAKOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — T. 
Converse & Son, Arlington, S. D., on 
Goldfield Giant 327809 by Big Price's 
Equal; dam. Big Mollie A by Big Tom. 

Junior Champion Boar — Kritzeck Bros., 
Howard Lake, Minn., on Arch Back 
Price 406865 by Big Price's Equal; 
dam, Lady Giantess by Mabel's Price. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Krit- 
zeck Bros., on Lady Gem 823096 by 
Big Price's Equal; dam. Long Lady 
Gem by Cavett's Black Cloverdale. 

Junior Champion Sow — O. M. Rasmus- 
sen, Parker, S. D., on Royal Queen 
975136 by The Sammy; dam. Lady 
Jones by Iowa King Jones. 

IOWA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Er- 
nest Melberg, Norway, la., on Dunn- 
dale Pilot 329667 by Giant Big Ben; 
dam. Orange Queen by Fessy's Timm. 

Junior Champion Boar — M. A. Dowling, 
Valley Junction, la., on The Hit 393201 
by The Rainbow; dam, Orange Queen 
by Orange Boy. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — W. 
Preston Donald, Clio, la., on Lady 
Clan 2d 241339 by Big Bob; dam. Lady 
Clan by The Clansman. 

Junior Champion Sow — M. A. Dowling, 
Valley Junction, la., on Miss Rainbow 
by The Rainbow; dam, May Orange 
by Orange Boy. 

OHIO STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Wm. 
Lamka, Troy, Ohio, on Secret 383415 
by Mountain Giant; dam. Model Belle 
4th 889858 by Emrick's Chief 2d. 

Junior Champion Boar — M. C. Brown & 
Son, Martinsville, Ohio, on Freckles 



408309 by Blue Valley Big Bone; dam, 
Giant Lady 220950 by The Giant. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Fred 
W. Linton, Harveysburg, Ohio, on 
Lady Denny 4th 279922 by Denny's 
Giant; dam, Corinda Longfellow 
585026 by Big King. 

Junior Champion Sow — M. C. Brown & 
Son, Martinsville, Ohio, on Anna Belle 
by Blue Valley Big Bone; dam, Clans- 
man's Best by The Clansman. 

NATIONAL SWINE SHOW 

Junior and Grand Champion Boar — L. 
H. Glover, Grandview, Mo., and Frank 
Winn, East Kansas City, Mo., on Lib- 
erator's Leader 113376, farrowed Sept. 
8, 1919, by Liberator 92965; dam. Big 
Lil G 268041. 

Senior Champion Boar — Hassler, Hal- 
ford & Porter, Manning, la., on Major 
Jumbo 328537, farrowed Aug. 31, 1917, 
by Mabel's Jumbo 244031; dam. Big 
Bone 2d 635814. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — L J. 
Conrad, Melbourne, la., on Giant Maid 
971978, farrowed April 6, 1919, by 
Hawkey e Giant 323785; dam. Orange 
Maid 801174. 

Junior Champion Sow — L. H. Glover, 
Grandview, Mo., and Frank Winn, 
East Kansas City, Mo., on Prize Lady 
987948, farrowed March 12, 1920, by 
Columbian Giant 374229; dam. Miss 
Price 718968. 

TRI-STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 
W. Kreischer, De Funiak Springs, 
Fla., on The Climax 409439 by Orange 
Joe; dam, Wonder's Beauty by Big 
Wonder. 

Junior Champion Boar — L. C. Jones & 
Sons, Buntyn, Tenn., on Clansman's 
Emperor 119909 by The Clansman. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. L. 
Hendrix & Son, Bethel Springs, Tenn., 
on Long Giantess by Titantic Giant; 
dam, Orange Lady 2d. 

NORTH DAKOTA FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
George Bloomer & Son, Forman, N. 
D., on Long Timm by Giant Timm; 
dam. Long Maid. 

Junior Champion Boar — George Bloom- 
er & Son, on North Dakota Timm by 
Long Timm; dam. Chief Lady by 
Chief Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Chitchfield Bros., Hunter, N. D., on 



156 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Chitchfleld's Big Josephine by Young's 
Big Joe; dam, Big Wonder B. 
Junior Champion Sow — George Bloomer 
& Son, on Fancy Timm by Long 
Timm; dam, Chief Lady by Chief 
Wonder. 

INTERSTATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 
Critters, Perkins, la., on Critter's Big 
Wonder by Miller's Jones; dam, A 

■ Wonder Fannie by Miller's A Wonder. 

Junior Champion Boar — Bloemendaal 
Bros., Orange City, la., on a son of 



Senior and Grand Champion Soiv — Wil- 
lis & Blough, Emporia, Kas., on Anna 
Bu.ster 240066 by Buster Over; dam. 
Miss Alex Wonder by King Alexandra. 

Junior Champion Sow — Willis & 
Blough, Emporia, Kas., on Ruby Buster 
274352 by Buster Over; dam. The 
Giantess by King of Wonders. 

KANSAS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — F. 
Olivier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on Co- 
lumbus Wonder 99569 by Big Bob 




Secret 383415 



By Mou 



and Grand Champion Ohh 



Long Bog Again; dam. Miss Big Clans- 
man by The Big Clansman. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Stan- 
ley Addy, Marcus, la., on Evergreen 
Hutch 2d by Omaha; dam. Maid's 
Wonder Again by Orange Chief. 

Junior Champion Sow — Bloemendaal 
Bros., Orange City, la., on a daughter 
of Bloemendaal's Big King; dam, Nel- 
lie A by G's Big Giant. 

OKLAHOMA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 
E. Tredway, Blackwell, Okla., on Tred- 
way's Big Bob 106930 by Caldwell's 
Big Bob; dam. Rosebud by The Big 
Orphan. 

Junior Champion Boar — Willis & 
Blough, Emporia, Kas., on King of 
Busters 113671 by Buster Over; dam, 
Timni's Giantess by Blue Valley Timm. 



Wonder; dam, Uhlan Columbia Girl 2d 
by B's Columbia. 

Junior and Reserve Grand Champion 
Boar — Mark Lewis, Conway Springs, 
Kas., on Columbus Wonder 2d by Co- 
lumbus Wonder; dam. Smooth Queen. 

Senior Reserve Champion Boar — Dem- 
ing Ranch, Oswego, Kas., on Ranch 
Special 356916 by Big Bob Jumbo; 
dam, Liberty Orange Maid. 

Junior Reserve Champion Boar — H. T. 
Hayman, Formosa, Kas., on Longfel- 
low 113380 by Blue Valley Timm Won- 
der; (lam. Miss Expansion. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — Wil- 
lis & Blough, Emporia, Kas., on Ruby 
Buster 274352 by Buster Over; dam, 
The Giantess. 

Senior and Reserve Champion Sow — F. 
Olivier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on Belle 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1910-1920 



Lady 2d by Black Buster; dam, Belle 
Lady. 

Senior Reserve Champion Sow — Adams 
& McNutt, Independence, Mo., on Top 
Valley Giantess 811528 by Elma Valley 
Giant; dam, Hartman's Blue Valley. 

Junior Reserve Champion Sow — Willis 
& Blough, Emporia, Kas., on Verna 
Buster 264350 by Buster Over; dam. 
Darkness Favorite. 

IDAHO STATE FAIR 

Grand Champion Boar — Harvey Wolfe 

on Sir Headlight. 
Senior Champion Boar — J. S. Hulbert on 

Big John 318257. 
Junior Champion Boar — Halvey Wolfe 

on Sir Headlight. 
Grand Champion Sow — A. J. Firkins on 

National Queen 2d 825974. 
Senior Champion Sow — A. J. Firkins on 

National Queen 2d 825974. 
Junior Champion Sow — A. L. Wilson & 

Sons on The Pilot's Lady 98564. 

TEXAS STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — F. 
Olivier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on Co- 
lumbus Wonder 99569 by Big Bob 
Wonder; dam, Uhlan's Columbus Girl 
by B's Columbia. 

Junior Champion tsoar — H. B. Walter & 
Son, Bendena, Kas., on Watchman's 
Wonder 442139 by The Watchman; 
dam, Walter's Farm Belle by Bob 
Wonder. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Wil- 
lis & Blough, Emporia, Kas., on Anna 
Buster 240066 by Buster Over; dam. 
Miss Alex's Wonder by King Alex- 
ander. 

Junior Champion Sow — Fred B. Cald- 
well, Topeka, Kas., on Dardanella 
982086 by The Jayhawker; dam, Vic- 
toria Bobina by Caldwell's Big Bob. 

WESTERN ROYAL LIVESTOCK SHOW, SPO- 
KANE, WASH. 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Hugh Walter, Townsend, Mont., on 
Orphan Bob 356935 by Big Bob and 
out of Queen. 

Junior Champion Boar — Hugh Walter, 
Townsend, Mont., on .Tumbo Bob 
381447 by Big Bob and out of Leona. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Hugh 
Walter, Townsend, Mont., on Leona 2d 
724500 by Big Orphan and out of 
Leona. 

Junior Champion Sow — F. O. Cooper, 
Willow Creek, Mont., on Irenes' Lass 



973548 by Bob Wonder and out of 
Ethel's Lady. 

SOUTHEASTERN FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 
W. Kreischer, DeFuniak, Fla., on 
Climax. 

Junior Champion Boar — E. W. Kreis- 
cher, on Keith's Disturber. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — E. E. 
Mack, Thomasville, Ga., on Tolono 
Girl 3d by Tolono Timm. 

Junior Champion Sow — W. M. Gist. 

INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION 
HARROW CLASSES 

Champion Barrow — University of Illi- 
nois, Urbana, 111., on Junior yearling 
by Illinois Equal 324207 by Giant's 
Equal. Weight 720 pounds. 
Pen Over All Breeds — Oklahoma A. & 
M. College, Stillwater, Okla., on June 
yearlings, one by Big Bob's Jumbo 
84612 and two by Kansas Timm 
120611. Average weight, 675 pounds. 

INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPOSITION 
BREEDING CLASSES 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — E. 
E. Mack & Son, Thomasville, Ga., on 
Mastodon Wonder 354651 by A Mas- 
todon; dam. Quality Queen by King 
of Wonder's Equal. 

Junior Champion Boar — George J. Sayer 
McHenry, 111., on Hawkeye Giant 
Again by Hawkeye Giant; dam. 
Orange Miss 2d by Orange Boy. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — E. 
E. Mack & Son, Thomasville, Ga., on 
Tolono Girl 3d 835818 by Tolono 
Timm; dam. Jumbo Girl by Broadview 
Jumbo. 

Junior Champion Sow — Theodore 
Purdy, Valparaiso, Ind., on Miss Pio- 
neer Buster by Sampson Buster; dam. 
Maid of Honor 2d by King Joe. 

PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXPO- 
SITION 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Her- 
bert Willard, Dayton, Ore., on Oregoi^ 
Price's Equal 374451 by Big Price's 
Equal; dam. Big Mollie A. 

Junior Champion Boar — O. T. Hubbard 
& Son, Dayton, Ore., on Western 
Clansman 414425 by The Giant Clans- 
man; dam. Jumbo Beauty. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — E. 
O. Loe, Silverton, Ore., on Wonderful 
939202 by Oregon Bob; dam. Lady Os- 
borne. 



HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 



Junior Champion Soiv — O. T. Murphy & 
Son, on Giant Belle 939204 by Walter 
Farm Giant; dam, Belle Jumbo M. 

WISCONSIN STATE FAIR 

Grand Champion Boar — William Smiley 

& Son on Orange Miller. 
Junior Champion Boar — McDonald on 

Mc's Disturber. 
Grand Champion Sow — McDonald on 

Vanderwilt's Lucky. 
Junior Champion Sow — Nicholas on 

gilt by Timm Giant. 

CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — John 
Glusing, Winton, Calif., on King 
George Big Bone by King's Big Bone; 
dam, Big Model Lady. 

Junior and Reserve Grand Champion 
Boar — Gate-wood and Stephens, Fres- 
no, Calif., on Navy Boy by Fresno 
Boy; dam. Orange Girl. 

Reserve Senior Champion Boar — Mar- 
shall & Son, Sebastopol, Calif., on 
Headlight by Repeater; dam. Dis- 
turber's Giantess. 

Reserve Junior Champion Boar — A. J. 
Elliott, Tulare, Calif., on unnamed pig 
by Big Gerstdale Jones; dam, Long 
Girl. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Alex 
D. McCarty, San Francisco, Calif., on 
Liberty Girl 3d by Fashion Master- 
piece; dam, Liberty Girl 2d. 

Reserve Senior Champion Sow — J. F. 
Lehman, Lodi, Calif., on Evergreen 
Hutch by Omaha; dam, Maid's Won- 
der Again. 

Junior Champion Sow — Bassett Bros., 
Hanford, Calif., on Orange Giantess 
by Apex; dam, Columbus Lady. 

Reserve Junior Champion Sow — H. C. 
Shinn, Tulare, Calif., on Orange Lady 
by The Calif ornian; dam. Bridges' 
Bobbie. 

INDIANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — W. 
C. Gambel, Noblesville, Ind., on Big 
Bob Orphan 111287 by Big Bob 
212613; dam', Orphan Black Maid 
515644. 

Junior Champion Boar — F. A. Williams, 
Williamsburg, Ind., on Clansman 
Lunker 131061 by D's Clansman; dam, 
Lunker's Lady. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — F. 
A. William.s, on Lady Fairfield 695046 
by Big Chief Defender; dam, Lunker's 
Ladv. 



Junior Champion Sow — Silver Brook 
Farm, Muncie, Ind., on Clan's Girl 2d 
b> The Clansman; dam, by Big Porter. 

MONTANA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
Hugh Walter, on Big Smooth Orphan. 

Junior Champion Boar — W. W. Niven. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Hugh Walter on Leona 2d. 

Junior Champion Sow — Hugh Walter on 
Blue Ribbon Giantess. 

TOPEKA FREE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — Oli- 
vier & Sons, Danville, Kas., on Colum- 
bus Wonder by Big Bob Wonder. 

Junior Champion Boar — Walter & Son, 
Bendena, Kas., on Timm's Eclipse by 
A Big Timm. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — Fred 
B. Caldwell, Topeka, Kas., on Orange 
May 2d. 

Junior Champion Sow — Walter & Son 
on Miss Belle. 

MISSOURI STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — G. 
E. Petty, Versailles, Mo., on King Kole 
390599 by Smooth Prospect; dam. 
Orange Blossom by Orange Boy. 

Junior Champion Boar — Meyer Bros., 
Hooper, Neb., on Western Honor by 
Giant Liberator; dam. Black Lil by 
Disher's Giant. 

Senior Champion Sow—B. E. Schuster, 
Blackwater, Mo., on Lil Jones 272873 
by Gerstdale Jones; dam, Big Lil by 
Big Wonder. 

Junior and Grand Champion Sow — 
Meyer Bros., Hooper, Neb., on Black 
Lil 2d by Giant Liberator; dam. Black 
Lil by Disher's Giant. 

COLORADO STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — H. 
B. Payne, Littleton, Colo., on Bald- 
win's Prize 1st. 

Junior Champion Boar — Colorado Agri- 
cultural College, on Liberator's Giant. 

Senior and Grand Champion Sow — A. D. 
McGilvray, Boulder, Colo., on Victory. 

Junior Champion Sow — E. E. Johnson, 
Fort Morgan, Colo., on Daisy Lee. 

MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 
H. A. Lenz, Howard Lake, Minn., on 
Smooth Jumbo by Gerstdale Jumbo; 
dam. Miss Fessy by Fessy's Big Joe. 

Junior Champion Boar— George Wheeler 
& Son, Kasson, Minn., on The Twin 
Six by Giant Price; dam. Long 
Giantess by Nebraska Bob. 



POLAND CHINA CHAMPIONS 1010-1020 



150 



Senior and Grand Champion Soiv — Krit- 
zeck Bros., Howard Lake, Minn., on 
Price Lady Bob by Big Price's Equal; 
dam. Lady Big Bob by Big Bob 2d. 

Junior Champion Sow — Kritzeck Bros., 
on Lady Timm by Winning Timm; 
dam, Big Mollie A by Big Tom. 

NEBRASKA STATE FAIR 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — 0. J. 

McCuUough, Clarks, Neb., on Jumbo 

Timm 3d 101753 by Jumbo Timm; 

dam. Miss Orphan 2d by Long 

Wonder. 
Junior Champion Boar — Meyer Bros., 

Hooper, Neb., on Western Honor by 

Giant Liberator; dam, Black Lil by 

Disher's Giant. 
Senior and Grand Champion Sow — J. C. 



Meese & Son, Ord, Neb., on National 
Queen by Long Wonder's Master; dam, 
Meese's Model Queen by Model Big 
Bob. 
Junior Champion Sow — Meyer Bros., 
Hooper, Neb., on Black Lil 2d by Giant 
Liberator; dam. Black Lil by Disher's 
Giant. 

STATE FAIR OF LOUISIANA 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar — F. 

& Mrs. M. B. Younce, Hatton, Ark., on 

Sonny Brook Timon 313753. 
Junior Champion Boar — R. O. Deming, 

Oswego, Kas., on Longfellow 113380. 
Junior and Grand Champion Sow — R. 

O. Deming, Oswego, Kan., on America 

Maid 833634. 



•Compiled and published first by the Poland China Jour 



CHAPTER XXIII 



The Wide Dissemination of the Breed 

It was not for the farmers and breeders of the Miami Valley to be 
wholly responsible for the development of the great American breed, for 
as far as stage coach could travel, or steam boats navigate, the Poland 
China was on his way to open up new 
territory, and not once has this breed of 
breeds been forced to retreat. 

In the fifties, native sons of the Miami 
Valley drove overland to Illinois and 
Iowa, some venturing as far as Missouri 
and Kansas, taking with them choice 
specimens of the breed antt sending 
back for new stock, as the occasion de- 
manded. Even before the records were 
organized, trade had been established 
on this one commodity through the 
press, and large numbers were being 
sold by Magie & Company and A. C. 
Moore. In some instances state fairs 
had made special classifications for the 
new breed, and breeders would travel 
miles to exhibit and sell their surplus 
stock. 

As the years went by and other 
methods of sale became in evidence, 
such as the public sale of pigs and bred sows, a still larger dissemination 
became apparent. Hogs were sold at auction the year around, which 
gathered large crowds of enthusiastic supporters and made more popular 
the breed. From this method foreign countries became interested and 
exportations were made annually, until today many of the foreign coun- 
tries point with pride to their herds of the great American breed of swine. 
The adaptability of the Poland China to environment is first class. 
No matter how cold, hot or dry the climate, they soon accustom them- 
selves and within a short time are perfectly at home. No other breed 
can excel this enviable characteristic. From Maine to California, and 
Montana to Florida, the Poland China has met with nothing but welcome, 
and what was fifteen years ago a desert or waste land now blossoms 
with forage crops and populated with thriving Poland Chinas. 

If we were to mention two of the greatest agencies in breed distribu- 
tion of late years, we would credit the public auction and futurity shows 
as paramount. Starting in 1912, the futurities, under the direction of 
the American Poland China Record, have become the household admira- 
tion in twenty-five states. Premium money in sufficient quantities is 
awarded the successful winners to repay them for the eflfort it takes to 




H. E. Singleton, Dallas, Tex. 
One of the Breed's Greatest Boosters, 
Aiding the Industry Much in the South 



THE WIDE DISSEMINATION OF THE BREED 161 

fit and show a group of pigs, but the expense to the American Record 
has been returned many times in the satisfaction of doing something 
worth while in the promotion of the breed. Winners in the futurities 
were able to sell their hogs at advanced prices, which was another 
cause for the breeder to enter and fit his young hogs for the show. 
Beginning with 1921, the futurities were conducted by the newly organ- 
ized Poland China Promotion committee, the united effort of all three 
Recording Associations. 

The recording associations have received pedigrees from breeders 
in every state of the Union, and from figures compiled by the National 
Swine Growers association in 1920, the Poland China's lead over all 




By Orange Joe. Seni, 



The Climax 409439 
and Grand Champion Tri-State Fail 
hibited by a Florida Breeder 



breeds in the greatest number of recorded pedigrees, having 22,000 
more than their nearest rival. A total of 168,430 Poland China pedigrees 
were recorded by the three records in 1920. While this may seem the 
completeness of the dream of the Miami farmers and stockmen, it cer- 
tainly is not the completion of present day demands. 



CHAPTER XXIV 



The Three Record Associations Organize for Rreed Promotion 

r URSUANT to a call sent out by representatives of the four magazines 
devoted to Poland Chinas, to the directors and officers of the three 
Poland China Record associations, for a conference on ways and means 
to a united effort toward further hreed promotion, a meeting was held 
in the Statler Hotel, St. Louis, Mo., June 29, 1920. The meeting was 
opened to all breeders of Poland Chinas who were interested in the 
breed's advancement. The following letter was the ofTicial call: 

'To the Directors and Officers of the Three 
Poland China Record Associations: 
"Realizing the absolute necessity of co- 
operating in some way to meet the compe- 
tition of other breeds in promotion work, 
representatives of the four Poland China 
breed papers met recently to discuss the 
best methods for effective breed-promotion 
work and the raising of the funds with 
^^a^S^^ which to carry out a much needed and more 

^ ^^^'^^^^^^ extensive program. 
I^HH .^1^ ^^^^^B "The breed papers are now carrying on 

^^^H ^E^^^^^^^l ^^ educational campaign to acquaint the 
^^^^^^B^^^K^^^^ Poland China breeder throughout the coun- 
^^^^|^^^^^^^^^H| try of the necessity of prompt ac- 

WB^^^W^^^^WBy ^l tion if the Poland China breed is to pro- 
gress, or even hold its own in competition 
with promotion activities of other breeds, 
particularly our strongest competitor, the 
Duroc Jerseys. The Duroc records, as you should know, are spending 
this year right at three times the amount of money to push their breed 
that the three Poland China records are spending. They have funds 
available for this work by reason of their having recently raised the re- 
cording fee to $1 to members and to $1.50 to non-members. 

"A similar raise on the part of the Poland China records has been 
suggested as not only the surest way, but the most equitable, to raise 
the much-needed funds. It is with this idea in view, together with the 
opportunity it affords for a general discussion of some comprehensive 
breed-promotion plan where all agencies of the breed may join in a 
united efTort for the breed, that a big breed-promotion meeting has been 
called for St. Louis on June 29, at which time we respectfully urge every 
member of the board of directors of each record to attend. 

"Please understand that the Poland China papers are not committed 
to an increase of the recording fees as the only method of meeting this 



W. M. McFadden, Chicago, III. 
Secretary American Poland Chin 
■ SI Years 



Hecord Associ: 



RECORD ASSOCIATIONS ORGANIZE 



1C3 



emergency. They do feel that there is a satisfactory method of meeting 
the situation and that the surest way of finding that solution is in a 
joint discussion by all members of the three boards of directors and as 
many Poland China breeders as can find it possible to attend the St. 
Louis conference. 

"This meeting, at which we already have the assurance of a large and 
representative attendance of breeders, is strictly for the purpose as 
above outlined and is not concerned in any way with a consolidation of 
the records. It is a big get-together meeting for promotion of the breed, 
and every man interested in seeing the breed progress should feel a 
personal obligation to attend. 

"We cannot too strongly urge the necessity and importance of your 
presence at this meeting. It is the duty of every Poland China breeder 
to lend his personal support to this great movement. Watch the breed 
papers for further particulars. 

(Signed) "National Poland China Journal, 

"American Swineherd, 
"The Poland China Journal, 
"The Swine World." 
A large delegation attended this meeting, twelve states being repre- 
sented. Each record association was officially represented by their 
directors and secretaries. C. G. McCahan, Muncie, Ind., was selected 
as chairman of the meeting, and the 
first hour was given over to hearing 
from the breeders as to the needs of 
breed promotion. Later the chairman 
appointed a committee, consisting of 
the chairman, E. W. Nelson, of Mis- 
souri; Fred B. Caldwell, of Kansas; E. 
C. Barber, of South Dakota; Mayor 
Jewett, of Indiana, and the three rec- 
ord secretaries, to draft a plan by 
which sufiicient money could be raised 
and spent co-operatively. 

Considerable discussion was made 
as to whom should rest the "powers" 
to handle the breed promotion. Some 
argued that the record associations 
had failed in doing sufiicient promo- 
tion work, and were hoarding up the 
surplus of each year's business; there- 
fore, in order to assure all moneys be 
used for promotion of the breed, the 
control of such an organization should 
be vested with an association of Poland 
China breeders. This brought forth considerable storm from the record 
association officers, who served warning that in no means would they 
turn over funds to support such an organization. The more conservative 
breeders agreed with the record officials, and in the middle of the 
turmoil, after a vindication talk on the ability and honesty of the 
various record officials by Secretary A. M. Brown of the National Poland 




W. Young. Peoria. III. 
Secretary of the Poland Chi: 
Promotion Committee 



164 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

China Record, he (Mr. Brown) suggested that if opportunity was given 
the officers of the three records, he helieved they could work out a 
program suitable to all. At this suggestion the directors and secretaries 
of the three records adjourned to another room, and in a short time 
returned with a plan whereby the three records organized themselves 
as the Poland China Breed Promotion association, having as the direc- 
torate three directors from each record. Also, that they would go before 
their respective record associations, asking for an increase in the record- 
ing fees to double the present rate, effective not later than October 1, 
1920. This surplus to go into a common fund for the purpose of being 
spent in strictly breed promotion. It was further suggested that in lieu 
of the feeling expressed by the breeders in session, for the lack of confi- 
dence in the record association officers to carry out such a plan, the 
breeders could suggest a secretary to work under the directors. This 
plan was adopted, and for the first time in the history of Poland Chinas, 
the three record associations were determined to pull together for the 
advancement of their favorite breed. 

A motion was made to hold another meeting during the week of the 
National Swine show, but for some reason or other, the meeting was 
never held. Later, on November 16, 1920, the three associations repre- 
sented by the three directors appointed on the Breed Promotion com- 
mittee from each record, with the secretaries of each record, met in St. 
Louis to perfect a working organization. A full report of this meeting 
is herewith given, from the records of the secretary: 

THE PROMOTION COMMITTEE MEETS 

Meeting called to order by Mr. McCahan, 11:30 a. m. 

Record association directors present: 

C. G. McCahan, Muncie, Ind.; C. Kirkpatrick, Selma, Ala.; J. H. Lackey, James- 
town, Ohio; Thos. Hunter, Morrow, Ohio; C. W. Phillips, New Sharon, Iowa; P. 
W. Young, Prosper, Minn.; W. O. Garrett, Maryville, Mo.; 0. E. Wade, Rising City, 
Neb.; S. McKelvie, Fairfield, Nebr. 

Record association secretaries present: 

F. L. Garrett, Maryville, Mo.; W. M. McFadden, Chicago, 111.; A. M. Brown, 
Winchester, Ind. 

Motion by W. O. Garrett, seconded by Lackey, that C. G. McCahan act as tem- 
porary chairman. Carried. 

Motion by Hunter, seconded by Wade, that P. W. Young act as temporary 
secretary. Carried. 

Motion by Kirkpatrick, seconded by Hunter. An agreement has been entered 
by the Standard Poland China Record association of Maryville, Mo., the National 
Poland China Record association of Winchester, Ind., and the American Poland 
China Record association of Chicago, 111., whereby the revenue received from 
the increase in recording fees which went into effect Septmber 1, 1920, is used 
as a fund for the promotion of the welfare of the Poland China breed of swine 
and the breeders thereof, resolved that we, the representatives of the above-men- 
tioned record associations, do hereby agree to form an organization to be known 
as the Poland China Breed Promotion committee, whose object shall be the pro 
motion of the welfare of the breed of Poland China swine and the breeders there 
of and the proper disbursement of the funds to be provided by the above-men 
tioned associations, and that a contract be tendered, the Standard Poland China 
Record association, the National Poland China Record association and the Amei 
ican Poland China Record association which shall be in effect substantially as 
follows : 

The Standard. National, and American Poland China Record associations 
hereby agree to pay all money received during the (juarter preceding, from the 



RECORD ASSOCIATIONS ORGANIZE 165 

increase of recording fees which went into effect September 1, 1920, to the treas- 
urer of the Poland China Breed Promotion committee not later than the 20th of 
the month following the close of each fiscal quarter. 

This agreement shall be in effect from its date and can be concluded only 
by notice in writing, sent by registered mail by the authority of the board of 
directors of the withdrawing record association to the president of the Poland 
China Breed Promotion committee, stating that support of the Poland China 
Breed Promotion committee will be withdrawn one (1) year from the date of 
such notice. Carried. 

By request of Chairman McCahan for figures representing past business as 
bearing on possible future prospects. Secretary McFadden submitted the follow- 
ing record and estimates which were discussed by the committee. Secretaries 
Brown and Garrett concurred in the report and estimates as being representative 
of the conditions in their respective associations. 

The following is Secretary McFadden's record of the past receipts and esti- 
mate of probable receipts available for promotion in 1921: 

AMERICAN ni;COnD RECEIPTS 

1-^07 $ 22,731.47 

1>'08 13,570.65 

1909, 57 per cent of 1007 12,907.94 

1010 16!373.26 

1911 20,161.57 

If'lS 16,130.30 

1913 18,829.74 

1914 21,847.11 

1915 21,566.43 

1916 27,243.58 

1917 36,157.40 

1918 54,126.85 

1919 79,919.55 

1920 110,168.09 

PROMOTION FUND ESTIMATE BASED ON AMERICAN EE-OaD BUSINESS 

Receipts for recording 1920, fiscal year ending October 1st- $ 88,110.00 

Excess on pedigrees at new rate about 4,800.00 

Amount available for breed promotion in 1921, based on 1920 business. 83,310.00 
p:stimated amount from other two records, based on 1919 and 1920 

figures 46,690.00 

Estimated promotion fund 1921 based on 1920 receipts from three rec- 
ords 130,000.00 

Promotion funds available 1921, based on receipts 1907, 1908 and 1909. 74,100.00 
Possible receipts available in 1921, based on Secretary McFadden's report, 
were $74,100.00. He stated that his reason for going back to 1907 was because 
at the end of that year there was a marked collapse in the business. 

Possible receipts available in 1921, based on the amounts received by the 
record associations covering the period from September 1, 1920, to November 15, 
1920, are an estimated total of $13,225.00, or $5,290.00 per month, a total of 
$63,480.00 per year. 

After discussion a basis of $65,000.00 available for the year 1921 was ap- 
proved by the committee as a proper estimate of the amount which would be 
available in 1921. 

Expenditures of the record associations for promotion work in 1920 were 
estimated as follows: 

Futurities, American $13,000.00 

Promotion shows, American 3,500.00 

Field secretary, American 6,000.00 

Pig club. Standard 5,000.00 

Pig club, American 1,000.00 

Pig club, National 700.00 

Promotion sales. National 2,100.00 



166 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

Promotion sales, American 2,500.00 

National Swine show, American 2,000.00 

National Swine Growers' association, American 1,200.00 

Atlanta premiums, American 1,000.00 

International barrows, American 750.00 

South America show herd, American 1,800.00 



$40,550.00 



The above estimate contains the major items of expenditure in promotion 
work. 

On motion by Kirkpatrick, seconded by Wade, the attached constitution and 
by-laws for the governing of the committee were adopted. C. G. McCahan placed 
in nomination for president of the committee by Hunter, seconded by Kirkpatrick. 
Moved by Garrett, seconded by Phillips, that nominations be closed and secretary 
instructed to cast the entire ballot for Mr. McCahan. Carried. 

P. W. Young placed in nomination for secretary of the committee by Lackey, 
seconded by Wade. Motion by Kirkpatrick, seconded by McKelvie, that nomi- 
nation be closed, that the president be instructed to cast the entire ballot for 
Young as secretary. Carried. 

W. O. Garrett placed in nomination for treasurer by Hunter, seconded by 
Phillips. Moved by Lackey, seconded by Kirkpatrick, that nomination be closed 
and secretary instructed to cast the entire ballot for Garrett as treasurer. Carried. 

The president appointed as vice president J. H. Lackey. 

On the basis of the estimate of receipts for the year of 1921 and the estimated 
expenditures of the year 1920 the following tentative budget of expenditure for 
1921 was agreed upon subject to necessary advisable revision: 

Futurities $11,120.00 

Pig club 7,500.00 

Field secretary expense 16,000.00 

P^omotion shows 5,500.00 

International barrow 1,000.00 

Printing 5,000.00 

National Swine show 2,000.00 

National Swine Growers' association 1,200.00 

Publicity 2,500.00 

Clerical 3,000.00 

Postage 2,500.00 

Contingent 5,000.00 

Executive expense 2,580.00 



$65,000.00 



This does not provide for a paid secretary and a central office, which expenses 
were estimated as $15,000.00 in addition to the above $65,000.00 and by reason 
of the fact that funds being limited, it was the judgment of the committee that 
this item must be omitted from the budget until such time as the financial condi- 
tion of the committee would warrant the expenditure without the curtailment of 
the promotion work provided for in the above schedule. 

Motion by Lackey, seconded by Kirkpatrick, to adjourn. Carried. 

The following constitution was adopted by the Breed Promotion committee: 

CONSTITUTION 

Article 1. The name of this organization shall be the Poland China Breed 
Promotion committee. 

Article 2. The object and purpose of the organization shall be such acts as 
in the judgment of its directors, will best promote the interests of the breed of 
Poland China swine and the breeders llureor and the proper disbursement of the 
funds for that purpose. 



RECORD ASSOCIATIONS ORGANIZE 



Article 1. The affairs of the committee shall be managed and controlled by 
a board of nine (9) directors, three (3) from each record association, and who 
shall have been appointed or elected in such a manner as the directors of that 
record association shall provide. They shall serve for one year or until their 
successor shall have been appointed and qualified. In the event of death or 
resignation a director shall be elected or appointed in such manner as the direc- 
tors of the association in which the vacancy occurs shall provide to complete the 
unexpifed term. 

Article 2. The private property of the members of the committee shall not 
be liable for the debts of the committee. 

Article 3. Beginning with the year 1921 the annual meeting of the members 
of this committee shall be held during the month of December, at such place, on 
such date, and at such hour as the executive committee shall designate. Notice 
thereof shall be mailed by the secretary to each member at least ten days prior 
lo the date of the meeting. 

Article 4. The board of directors shall in addition to its annual meeting hold 
a regular meeting in the month of July of each year. The date, location, and 
hour of which shall be fixed by the president and notice of which shall be mailed 
by the secretary to each director at least ten days prior to the date of the meeting. 

Article 5. Special meetings of the board of directors may be called, giving 
at least ten days' written notice, by the order of the president or by the secretary 
upon written request of three or more members of the board of directors. 

Article 6. At its annual meeting the board of directors shall elect a president, 
secretary and treasurer, who shall constitute the executive committee and who 
shall hold office for one year or until their successors shall have been elected 
and qualified. These officers shall be elected one from each of the three record 
as.sociations. The president shall designate one (1) member as vice president 
whose duty it shall be to act and preside in the absence of the president. 

Article 7. The board of directors shall fix the salaries of such officers, agents 
and assistants as shall be regularly employed by the committee and the executive 
committee shall fix the compensation of any special employe. 

Article 8. The actual expenses of the directors when in attendance on the 
annual, regular or special meetings of the board of directors or executive com- 
mittee shall be paid out of the funds of the committee. In addition to such ex- 
penses each director except the ex-officio members shall be paid $10 per day for 
each necessary day's absence from home in attendance at such meetings, provided 
that not more than three days shall be allowed for any one meeting. 

Article 9. The treasurer shall execute and deliver to the committee, a bond 
for the performance of his duty in such sum as the board of directors shall from 
time to time prescribe with approved surety company as surety, the cost of which 
shall be paid by the committee. 

Article 10. The secretaries of the three record associations shall be ex-officio 
and advisory members of the committee, without voting power. 

Article 11. A majority of the board of directors shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business at any meeting of the hoard of directors except 
as otherwise provided in the by-laws, providing that if a quorum be not present 
they shall have power to adjourn from time to time not to exceed one day. 

Article 12. The president shall preside at all meetings of the directors. He 
shall sign warrants drawn on the treasurer by the order of the board of directors 
or the executive committee, maintain a general supervision over the affairs of the 
committee and report to the annual meeting and make such suggestions as he 
may deem advisable. 

Article 13. It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep a record of the pro- 
ceedings of all meetings of the board of directors and the executive committee in 
a book furnished for that purpose, and shall do and perform such duties as may 
be required of him by the board of directors, and the executive committee. 

Article 14. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive all money from 
the record associations, keep a just and accurate account of the same and pay out 
on the order of the president, countersigned by the properly designated agent of 



168 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

the committee and annually prior to the annual meeting of the board of all moneys 
received and paid out by him and business transacted for the fiscal year ending 
November 30th. 

Article 15. It shall be the duty of the executive committee, of which a ma- 
jority shall constitute a quorum, to carry out and execute the orders of the board 
of directors, to audit all bills presented against the committee and to approve or 
reject the same, to examine and verify the accounts of the treasurer and other 
ofTicers for the fiscal year ending November 30th preceding and to report thereon 
to the board of directors at their annual meeting. It shall be their duty to ar- 
range and execute all contracts necessary to be entered into by the committee 
for the purpose of carrying out its objects not otherwise provided for. 

Article 16. These by-laws may be altered or amended at any regular meet- 
ing or at any special meeting of the board of directors, by an affirmative vote of 
not less than six members of the board of directors. 

Following closely the committee meeting in St. Louis on November 
16th, Chairman McCahan issued a call for a general meeting of the Po- 
land China breeders, in Chicago November 30th, during the week of 
the International Live Stock show. This meeting was not very well at- 
tended, and much of the program was given over to reports of commit- 
tees appointed in the June meeting at St. Louis. 

The committee on constitution and bj^-laws for the Poland China 
Breed Promotion association gave a report which called forth consider- 
able discussion, especially regarding the clause providing for a paid 
secretary, and the maintenance of his office. There seemed to be a dif- 
ference of opinion regarding the office of secretary, some maintaining 
that the St. Louis meeting did not authorize the employment of such an 
otTicer, and that the breeders' association was only to recommend the 
name of a secretary. If the said nominee was agreeable to the direc- 
torate, he would be employed. Others argued that the meeting then in 
session was to elect the secretary. No records of previous meetings 
being in the hands of the meeting, a motion prevailed to continue the 
committee on secretary nomination, and that said committee should 
notify the president when they were ready to make a definite report. 
Also that it was the wishes of the breeders, although a scarcity of funds 
seemed to prevail, a central office for such promotion as might be done, 
would be the logical thing to do, in view of the fact it would be unfair 
to ask any one of the records to do the work. 

The Standard Record was not represented in the meeting, either by 
members or ofTicers, and such action as was conferred upon the pro- 
motion committee to render, would not be fully authorized until they 
(Standard) had concurred therein. 

On January 25, 192L the Breed Promotion committee representing 
all three records, met in St. Louis, and came to a satisfactory under- 
standing as to location of the office and the employing of suitable men 
to carry on the promotion work. The official report from this meeting 
is thus: 

A contract satisfactory to the three record associations and the Breed Pro- 
motion connnittee was agreed upon and executed by the officers of the three 
record associaions. The question of the best method of conducting the breed- 
promotion work occupied the attention of the committee for the greater part of 
the day. Plans for doing the work through the offices of the record assciations, 
by means of a division of territory and also by the method of a division of the 
work, were thoroughly discussed and analyzed. The dominant idea of all present 
was t6 endeavor to find the method that would enable the work to be well con- 



RECORD ASSOCIATIONS ORGANIZE 16'J 

ducted with a minimum of friction and along the lines of harmonious action be- 
tween the records which, in spite of statements to the contrary, has characterized 
the work of the various representatives of the record associations up to this time. 
The discussion brought out the fact that there were serious objecions that could 
be properly urged against any of the proposed plans. The solution of the whole 
problem appeared to be the establishment of an oflice from which all of the breed- 
promotion work could be done, even though this would curtail the amount avail- 
able for promotion work to some extent, and this was the plan adopted. 

Upon the urgent solicitation of all of the other members of the promotion 
committee, the three members of the executive committee, consisting of C. G. 
McCahan, president; P. W. Young, secretary; W. 0. Garrett, treasurer, each agreed 
to arrange his business affairs so as to enable him to give his time to the work 
and the three men will have entire charge of the promotion work. An office will 
be opened in Peoria, 111., in a short time. Mr. Young will make his home in 
Peoria, and will be the secretary in active charge. 

The plans of the committee embrace the continuation of the futurities, the 
promotion shows, pig club work and an extensive campaign of publicity through 
the medium of the press, pamphlets, pictures and other available means. The con- 
sensus of opinion of the board was that the important consideration is to have 
the promotion work in charge of men who have been for a considerable time 
closely identified with the breed and thoroughly conversant with (he swine in- 
dustry and the needs of the Poland China breed. 

The members of the executive committee are thoroughly representative and 
meet these requirements to such a degree that it was not thought possible to get 
a like number so well qualified and who would represent all sections and interests 
of the breed. 

The executive committee expects to make all possible speed in getting ar- 
rangements made so as to be able to announce that the office is ready for business. 
About March 1, 1921, official announcement was made regarding the 
secretary's office, the same being located at 1307 Peoria Life Building, 
Peoria, 111., in the heart of the swine industry of the United States. The 
first new business of the office was the futurity herd nominations, rules, 
etc. For the most part, in spite of the conditions of the financial world, 
the states responded in the usual hearty way, the spirit of co-operation 
so characteristic of Poland China breeders. 



CHAPTER XXV 



The Dawn of Breed Journalism 

IJREED journalism had its beginning prior to 1880, in the form of 
periodicals devoting considerable space toward encouraging breeders of 
pure-bred stock in the using of their publications as the logical means 
of rapid salesmanship. 

The Ohio Farmer played a very important part in the organizing of 
the Ohio Poland China Record; in fact, its owners are largely respon- 
sible for the foundation of a pure-bred breed of swine, for they could 
have very easily forgotten the work of Carl Freigau, when he, under 
the burden of the responsibility of gathering and printing the basis of 
the new breed, mysteriously disappeared, 
^^.-■,^^ leaving the unfinished book and a tremen- 

XP '^^^^^ dous expense upon their shoulders. Begin- 

^ ^"^ ning in the late eighties, a few publications 

inaugurated the method of sending per- 
sonal representatives to solicit advertising 
from the breeders direct. These representa- 
tives were generally known as "fieldmen," 
and, as time advanced, their work became 
of a two-fold nature, namely, soliciting ad- 
vertising and assisting the advertiser or 
breeder in the purchase of breeding stock. 

Among the earlier publications that 
were exponents of better live stock and car- 
ried a great deal of Poland China advertis- 
ing, were the Indiana Farmer, Indiana 
Guide, Western Swine Breeder, Farmer's 
Review, Breeder's Special, Dakota Farmer. 
Nebraska Farmer, Iowa Homestead, Wal- 
lace's Farmer, Twentieth Century Farmer, 
lly all of these had from one to eight field- 
Publications 
devoted exclusively to a single breed of swine a. - of but recent date. 
The American Swineherd was founded in 1885, o. the primary basis 
that the swine business was important enough and large enough to be 
cTiampioncd by a strictly swine publication. This was the product and 
genius of James Baynes, then of Alexandria, S. D. After five years of 
ups and downs, in a western town, the publication was moved to Chi- 
cago, to be more centrally located; in fact, to be nearer the most densely 
populate<l swine territory. All kinds of pure-bred swine advertising 
was solicited, and not until 1911 was this publication devoted entirely 
to Poland Chinas. In the early nineties Mr. Baynes was attracted to 




A. M. Brown. Winchester, Ind. 
Secretary of the National Poland 
China Record, and Part Owner and 
Manager of the National Poland 
China Journal 

and Mail & Breeze. Practi 

men, devoting their full time to live stock advertising 



THE DAWN OF BREED JOURNALISM 



171 



George M. Cantrcll, Waynesvillc, 111., who had become popular as a 
Poland China breeder, and the owner of the record price, Geo. Wilkes 
14487. Mr. Cantrell joined the Swineherd staff, and for a number of 
years spent a great share of his time in the field, and of late as the sec- 
retary and chief advisor in charge of the large corps of fieldmen. Dur- 
ing the days of the rapid rise of the Poland Chinas, when types were 





James Baynes. Chicago, III. 
Founder and Part Owner of the 
America7i Sioineherd. An Entire 

Life Given to Breed Publicity 



George M. Cantrell, Chicago, III. 



being changed and "clicks" were dominating, the Swineherd was the 
chief advertising medium for all breeders. 

In Chicago, during the early fall of 1912, the Swine World pubHshed 
its first edition under the ownership of L. E. Frost. It started off with 
considerable success, having a department for each breed of swine, and 
from one to three fieldmen for each breed. In three years the paper 
became the property of the Jas. J. Doty 
Publishing Co., then of Chicago, and in 
April, 1920, moving to Des Moines, in a 
newly built plant. In April, 1919, the publi- 
cation was changed from an all-breed paper 
to strictly Poland China, and from a month- 
ly to a semi-monthly. 

The Poland China Journal, Kansas City, 
Mo., was founded in August, 1914, by C. H. 
Walker, who for several years had been one 
of the prominent fieldmen of the western 
cornbelt. Feeling that every man who 
breeds Poland Chinas believes that Poland 
Chinas have points of superiority over other 
breeds of swine, and that he wants to read 
about these points of superiority, as well as 
having others read about them, in a pubH- 
cation that is strictly a champion for the 
breed, led Mr. Walker to found the Poland 




AMES J. Doty, Des Moines. Iowa 
Publisher of The Sivine World 



172 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINR 

China Journal. From its conception it has been very succcsst'ul, being 
loyally patronized by the breeders, at the same time furnishing to the 
breeders the latest happenings, reports of sales and fairs, being a semi- 
monthly magazine from the beginning. 

The National Poland China Journal, Winchester, Ind., was founded 
by members of the National Poland China Record company, in 1916, 




ler and Publisher of The Poland 
Journal, Kansas City, Mo. Founded 
in laii 



ANSAS City, 
gcr and for Several Yean 
of the Poland China Jourr 



the outgrowth of the move to consolidate the three Poland China Rec- 
ords. The breeders and members believed they should have a paper 
devoted to advancing their interests, and one that was nearer to them. 
After a few years as the property of the Record company, the publica- 
tion became the property of a few individ- 
uals under the management of A. M. Brown, 
secretary of the National Poland China 
Record. Rs rise has been most rapid and 
very successful, filling a much needed place 
in the eastern and southeastern states. 

The breed paper is here to stay. It has 
demonstrated its right to a permanent 
place in the field of live stock literature. 
The general agricultural paper must steer 
a devious course in order to avoid offense 
to its advertisers. R cannot emphasize the 
points of superiority of one breed over an- 
other for fear of being accused of favorit- 
ism and losing patronage. The circulation 
of the breed paper is a highly specialized 
one, every reader being a potential cus- 
tomer of every advertiser. There have 
been times when it seemed that the de- 
mands by the breed papers for greater 
things of the breed, would carry it beyond 
all possibilities, but the breed has kept pace. 




'ILL[AMS. POHTLAND, 



THE DAWN OF BREED JOURNALISM 173 

In the moves for consolidation, breed promotion and other interests, 
national in scope, have brought out the quality of the personnel in charge 
of each publication, each finding ready support by breeders, typifying 
the diversified opinions of the originators in the formation of the breed. 
During the late years, when prices for Poland Chinas soared to unbe- 
lievable heights, advertising was easily 
sold. At the prevailing rates of flOO per 
page per single issue, breeders would use 
from four to sixty pages with one magazine 
in a year, some using two to twelve pages 
in a single issue. Special editions were is- 
sued each year, reviewing the past years' 
business. Advertising, being one of the 
chief objects of these editions, resulted in 
the size of a single issue reaching over 600 
and as high as 1000 pages, advertising and 
reading matter combined. 

If any criticism should be made of the 
breed papers it would be there were too 
many devoted to the Poland Chinas, creat- 
ing a burden upon the breeders in the way 
of duplication of advertising. This, in the 
main, was the fault of the breeders, but the 
temptation or chance to have a better sale 
led to the purchasing of additional and un- 
necessary advertising in order to have the assistance and support of the 
fieldmen, which in most instances did not prove profitable. Limited 
territories made it possible to cover the field most thoroughly by the 
fieldmen for each breed paper and farm journal. It is true the limited 
territories made possible the quick development of smaller breeders, 
yet it is equally true that the general business became too much local- 
ized, dominated by individuals, that in some instances proved very detri- 
mental to the best interests of the breed and breeders. 




Hodge Jones 
retary and Manager of the 
Sicine World 



CHAPTER XXVI 

The Breed's Decline 

1 HE generation of breeders which included as representative of it such 
men as S. E. Shellenberger, Somerville, Ohio; Ed. Klever, Bloomingburg, 
Ohio; John Harcourt, New Augusta, Ind.; Hart & Minis, Edinburg, 111.; 
E. E. Axline, Oak Grove, Mo.; F. M. Lail, Marshall, Mo.; Wm. Garrett, 
Maryville, Mo.; T. R. Wilson, Morning Sun, Iowa; S. A. Clark, Winfield, 
Iowa; W. A. Jones, Van Meter, Iowa; A. J. Lytle, Oskaloosa, Iowa; Geo. 
Marshall, Monroe, Iowa; W. Z. Swallow, Booneville, Iowa; T. J. Harris, 
West Liberty, Iowa; Harvey Johnson, Logan, Iowa; D. C. Miller, Vermil- 
lion, S. D.; Samuel McKelvie, Fairfield, Nebr.; D. C. Lonergan, Florence, 
Nebr.; John Blain, Pawnee City, Nebr.; had gone as far as was war- 
ranted in shaping the breed to points of fancy and symmetry, and yet 
preserved in large measure that ruggedness of constitution, size, bone 
and prolificacy sufficient to maintain the Poland China in supremacy on 
the cornbelt farm. 

Coat, color, bone, early maturity and prolificacy, all had received 
attention in the work of these men and their contemporaries, and had 
their work been carried on along the lines they had followed, the breed 
would have been spared a deterioration from which it was many years 
recovering. 

The fundamentals constituting a nearly perfect utility animal had 
been expertly observed by this school of breeders, but subsequent breed- 
ers failed to maintain it. 

Thus during the later years of the nineteenth century and early years 
of the twentieth century, the breed had undergone a very great change 
in type and scale, which, as has been alluded to in another chapter, was 
largely the result of breeders being guided in large measure by a score- 
card system and standard which led its closer adherents to sacrifice 
bone, scale and prolificacy for points of fancy. 

That these men were capable there can be no doubt, but due to the 
fact that their aim was not directed along lines of usefulness and utility, 
the breed suffered a deterioration in those qualities fundamentally re- 
quired by the cornbelt farmer, and by the time this movement had 
reached its zenith and the seemingly perfect little Poland China had 
been achieved, the farmers had been forced to seek elsewhere for the 
signs of prolificacy and stamina that they had previously found in the 
old time Poland China. 

At this period the Duroc Jersey, though in many respects not com- 
parable to the Poland China, offered relief to the general pork growers 
who complained, and rightfully so, of the small litters, weakling and 
under-sized Poland Chinas, and that breed was given an impetus that 
made of it a formidnblo rival of the Poland China. 

The shows during this period were controlled and dominated gener- 
ally by breeders favorable to the little fancy type, and this fact served 



THE BREED'S DECLINE 175 

to force many men who were not in full sympathy with them to either 
fall in line, or seek seclusion. It can be said in justice to the ability 
of the men at the helm during that period, that they succeeded in pro- 
ducing many wonderful animals of their type, but unfortunately for the 
breed the type was wrong, and did not stand the test of the American 
farmers. 

For a time, as is always the case when a breed is undergoing a great 
transition, breeders making the change and seeking animals of hot blood 
type and parentage furnished such demand as to cause values to run on 
a high current for the well-up breeder who was enjoying the patronage, 
but as the herds became more numerous, compelling a greater market- 
ing of their products to the farmer pork grower, who when he had tried 




Princess Wonder A 828892 
By Grieve's Long Wonder. First Prize Junior Yearliv.rj Ohh 



and failed, and re-tried and despaired of discovering any merit under 
the crucial dollars and cents test at the pork barrel, withdrew his patron- 
age, leaving many breeders loaded and stranded. 

The hot blood movement reached its apex in 1905 and 1906. During 
these years prices never before heard of were reported in the numerous 
private and public sale transactions of the breed. In 1904 and 1905 nu- 
merous boars transferred at from $2,000 to $3,000 each, one-half interest 
in Meddler 99999 was sold for $3,000, following his winning the grand 
championship at the St. Louis World's fair. Breeding privileges had 
been sold to the most noted boar of his day. Chief Perfection 2nd, total- 
ing to what was said to be $40,000, and in 1906 a litter by him out of 
Cute Keep On commanded the record total of $13,600, in the Goodrich 
Farm sale at Eldon, Mo., the top being $5,025, paid for the boar Ten 
Strike. 

This movement, which has been termed the hot blood period, gained 
its greatest hold throughout that portion of the hog belt lying east of 



176 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

the Mississippi river, but it reached on with almost equal force and 
dominance into Missouri, Kansas, and eastern Iowa, with a goodly 
sprinkling of followers throughout Nebraska, western Iowa, and South 
Dakota. It can be said, however, that of the then principal pork grow- 
ing states Nebraska was less carried away by it than any other, and 
came through with a more uniformly high class Poland China preserved. 
This fact was evidenced year after year in its State fair exhibits of 
large mellow Poland Chinas of a kind that would not have received 
notice of the judges presiding for the hot blood interests at the shows in 
other states, but which were very popular with the Nebraska breeders 
and farmers. No movement in live stock annals has ever had a greater 
opportunity to display any merit which it may have possessed than this 
one, for without any formidable rival breed to challenge, and with but 




By MabeVs Jumbo 2iVJ.Il. Fh 



Major Jumbo 328537 
: Prize Agetl Boar Xational Sv 



Shotv, 1920. WeiijM 



few breeders within its own ranks to raise a hand against it, it ran its 
full course, only to be wrecked upon the shores of its own impractica- 
bility. 

The hot blood bubble burst in 1907 and 1908. Breeders holding large 
numbers of them that they had acquired at much expense, and the maxi- 
mum of time and labor, were naturally loath to consider that the cur- 
tain had fallen, and instead of accepting the declaration as the sovereign 
decree of the American farmer, by whom and before whom every breed 
of live stock in America must either stand or fall, they accused the 
farmer of not knowing what was best for him, and held on as if to com- 
pel his patronage. 

This attitude meant the contesting of every inch of ground that the 
big type breeders sought to re-claim. Having the organization they con- 
trolled the shows of the various states so absolutely that judges were 
appointed who would not give a large Poland China a premium, and 
this ridiculous condition obtained for years after the hot blood was a 
dead issue and Big Poland Chinas were going like wildfire to the farmers 
and younger breeders of those selfsame states. 



THE BREED'S DECLINE 177 

This fact was the final blow to the Poland China breed, as men who 
possessed creditable Poland Chinas would not venture to exhibit them, 
contenting themselves with patronage and approbation in a local way. 
Big Type Poland Chinas were derided by the leading factors in the hot 
blood movement, but eventually the wiser ones saw that the hot bloods 
must go, and many of them wisely re-established their breeding business 
on Big Type foundation. 

The last sign of life among the hot blood advocates was shown about 
1912, when the surviving spokesmen, still hopefully holding herds of 
hot bloods, sought to stampede the solidly filling Big Type ranks with 
the cry of amalgamation. Under the heading of amalgamation their 
arguments were presented in certain of the live stock press, and an at- 
tempt was made to cause the breeder to mate the Big Type animals with 
the remaining hot bloods, and whether the motive was a ruse to create 
demand for the practically unsalable little fellows, or whether its au- 
thors were really sincere in their premises, believing that a truly better 
Poland China would emanate therefrom, the leading figures in Big Type 
activities lost no time in putting down the motion, and thus the breed 
was purged of and freed from an infusion of blood that could only have 
further retarded its progress. 

The hot blood movement had brought such general condemnation 
upon the breed among the cornbelt farmers that long after its passing 
there still remained a prejudice against the Poland China which required 
time, patience, and demonstration to put down. So current was the 
impression that the breed was non-prolific and undersized, that even at 
this time, when the records disclose a balance in favor of the Poland 
China as against all rivals in the fundamentals of size, thrift and pro- 
lificacy, one will not infrequently hear the breed being charged with 
these faults that it no longer possesses. 

To re-establish the Poland China breed, therefore, was possibly more 
difficult than to have popularized an altogether new breed, free from 
the handicap of prejudice and mismanagement. No greater tribute can 
be paid the breed than is written in its unparalleled achievement of a 
victorious comeback against and despite all obstacles and opposition, 
both from without and from within its ranks. 



CHAPTER XXVII 

The Breed's Redemption 

Jr OR many years during the early stages of the Big Type movement the 
seUing was confined quite entirely to the cornbelt farmers engaged in 
raising market pork and those of their numbers who gradually became 
interested in the idea of establishing pure bred herds and supplying 
their more immediate neighbors with breeding animals. Foremost 
among the breeders identified with the industry at that time was Peter 
Mouw, Orange City, Iowa; Dawson & Sons, Endicott, Nebr., and Fred 
L. Rood, Clearfield, Iowa. These three breeding establishments can 
truthfully be credited with having done more to permanently establish 
the Big Type Poland China than can any others, for they laid the foun- 
dation among the stockmen immediately contiguous to them, and by 
whom with their assistance the final structure of Big Type Poland Chinas 
rested upon. 

The work of Peter Mouw was no doubt responsible in causing such 
men as John Miller of Rock Valley, Iowa; Bloemendaal Bros., Alton, 
Iowa; R. C. Henry, Sheldon, Iowa; Ed Critters, Hull, Iowa, and Peter 
Ellerbroek, Sheldon, Iowa, to ably take up and pursue the work along 
the lines he was following. To Fred L. Rood of Clearfield, Iowa, may 
be credited in large measure the impelling influence that was responsible 
for Henry Fesenmeyer, Clarinda, Iowa; J. W. Pfander & Son, Clarinda, 
Iowa; John B. Lawson, Clarinda, Iowa; J. O. James, Braddyville, Iowa; 
L. R. McClarnon, Braddyville, Iowa; Williams Bros., Villisca, Iowa; 
Monroe McCoy & Son, Villisca, Iowa, engaging in the breeding of Big 
Type Poland Chinas, and from this center in southwestern Iowa together 
with that of Peter Mouw and John Miller in northwestern Iowa, and 
Dawson & Sons of Nebraska, emanated the great preponderance of Big 
Type Poland China breeding material that is responsible for the breed's 
merit and popularity at the present time. Prices for their product 
ranged on a very conservative level during that time that the "hot blood" 
frenzy was sweeping the country, and it was not until a greater number 
of big type herds were established and their proprietors sought the better 
specimens over a broader field that prices began to ascend. 

The reader may better appreciate the immutable convictions of these 
men by considering the fact that they were content to rear and sell Big 
Type Poland China pigs at from sixteen to forty dollar sale averages, 
when at the same time "hot bloods" were soaring into the hundreds. 
The advance in prices was augmented by a succession of years during 
which the general farmer was receiving better prices for his farm prod- 
ucts, resultant in a marked prosperity the like of which they had never 
before enjoyed, and due to which a disposition to improve their breed- 
ing stock was manifested. 

The trend of business showing great improvement, sales private and 
public began to take on a new aspect for the breeder of Big Poland 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 17!) 

Chinas in 1909. During that year Mr. H. H. Harshaw, Butler, Mo., pur- 
chased the boar Big Hadley for $500, and this sale created quite a stir in 
big type ranks. In the early days of 1910, W. W. Wheeler, Harlan, Iowa, 
who owned one of the most widely advertised herds with A Wonder at its 
head, put an offering of gilts under the hammer at the remarkable and 
gratifying average of $93 per head. Being extensively engaged in other 
lines of business, Mr. Wheeler announced a dispersion sale of his herd 
for February, 1910, which included the noted boar, A Wonder. The 
result of this sale was an average of $123, with A Wonder going at the 
top price of the sale and breed for a Big Type at auction, the price being 
$360, and the buyer H. Fesenmej'er, Clarinda, Iowa. The news of this 
sale caused a thrill throughout the length and breadth of the Poland 
China columns, and all purchases made and reported proved eminently 
satisfactory. A Wonder proved the lucky stroke of Mr. Fesenmeyer's 
career, making for him his foundation fortune as well as giving to the 




CUI.UMBUS WONDEI! S)9569 

By Big Bob Wonder 71999. A Noted Show and Breeding Boar. Winner of Four Grand 

Championship Honors in 1920 in the Southwest. He Is a Half Brother to the World's Grand 

Champion, 1917, CaldwelVs Big Bob 

breed an impetus of immeasurable value. Mr. Fesenmeyer had some 
years prior thereto purchased the great sow Giantess 2nd, daughter of 
the famous Giantess, in one of Fred L. Rood's sales, and having her de- 
scendants in his herd was prepared to make good in every way on the 
broad advertising campaign which he instituted immediately following 
the purchase of A Wonder. 

It is worthy of mention here that Mr. Rood's first sale of Poland 
Chinas made an average of only $16 per head, but the result was satis- 
factory, for it occurred at a time when hogs were very low on the open 
market, and the interest manifested by the farmers in acquiring his big 
pigs indicated better future days for the breeder of that kind. Mr. Rood 
had purchased two gilts afterward to become famous wherever Poland 
Chinas may be known. Giantess and Anna Price. They were from the 



180 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

same litter and their great size was the cause of amazement by all who 
saw them. Tlieir blood was absorbed quite generously by the south- 
western Iowa breeders as well as over a broader field, and eventually 
these two wonderful sows figured as no other two of their time in the 
general fabric of the Poland China breed. Giantess, matured, weighed 
920 pounds, and Anna Price very nearly as much. It was in one of 
Mr. Rood's sales at Clarinda, Iowa, that H. Fesenmeyer, then the leading 
harness-maker of Clarinda, caught the inspiration and purchased Giant- 
ess 2nd at the top of the sale, $100. In another of Mr. Rood's sales, J. 
W. Pfander, Clarinda, Iowa, purchased three litter mate daughters of 
Giantess at $40 per head that served as the nucleus of one of the greatest 
herds of its day, and from which record sales were made, notable among 
which was the $3300 Mammoth Giantess 13th, to Meyer Bros., Hooper, 
Nebr. J. O. James, Braddyville, Iowa, bought Anna Price stock, from 
which was developed his remarkable sow herd which enabled him to 
be among the first to make a $100 sale average. 

The other southwestern Iowa herds were mainly supplied from the 
Rood source, and later on the fame of these productions was such as to 
bring buyers from other states, who in turn became pioneer factors in 
Big Type annals. Fred Cox, Keithsburg, 111., and E. C. Caverly, Toulon, 
111., were among the distinctive leaders of that great state, and they, too, 
had journeyed to the Giantess and Anna Price fountain in the days when 
the field was virgin. Nebraska and Missouri breeders were also seeking 
this material, it falling to the lot of Mr. Hayden of Nebraska to be the 
first to pay as much as $250 for a Big Type gilt, which record he estab- 
lished in one of Mr. Rood's sales for a daughter of Giantess. Mose Brad- 
ford, Rosendale, Mo., the pioneer Big Type breeder of that state, brought 
fame to his name and one of the best sows that the breed has ever pro- 
duced to the state of Missouri in the purchase of Giantess 3rd at $165. 
Those days and men were the precursors of our modern Poland China. 
The pilgrimage was being made likewise to northwestern Iowa and the 
entire western hog belt was gradually accepting Big Type Poland Chinas. 
Indiana and Ohio began to take notice of these activities, and in 1910 Mr. 
I. B. Morgan, Greenburg, Ind., visited western herds, selecting many 
breeding animals and pursued the business in a most forceful and effi- 
cient manner, compelling a comparison of Big Type and hot bloods for 
the first time in that prejudiced area. To Mr. Morgan must be given 
the distinctive honor of having been the first Indiana breeder to whole- 
heartedly ally himself with the Big Type breed, and to his work as to 
that of no other man in his day is credit due for the reclamation of the 
eastern territory. 

From 1910 to 1915 the Big Type business was constantly expanding 
both in the area in which they were being bred, and in the merit of the 
animals. This period witnessed much agitation and effort along the 
lines of size. Size of swine was being talked everywhere. Farmers 
wore talking it as well as the breeders of the different breeds. Big Type 
Poland Chinas were forcing their rivals at every turn, and each breed 
was contending to possess greater size than the other. The Duroc breed, 
that had gained its popularity, as has previously been stated, by possess- 
ing greater size and prolificacy than the hot bloods, felt keenly the Big 
Type Poland China claims, and in 1914 a Duroc Jersey Record associa- 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 181 

tion secretary offered a cash prize for the largest boar of any breed on 
the Iowa State fair grounds that year. This unique proposal coming 
sufficiently in advance of the show to be given broad publicity, created 
an unusual amount of interest and conjecture among American hog men. 
Thus, a laurel wreath fell to the Poland China breed when the great 
boar Grand Master, owned by F. H. Hassler of Manning, Iowa, tipped 
the beam officially at 1070 pounds, while his nearest rival of the other 
breeds fell below the half-ton figure. No exhibition of its time did more 
to establish the correctness of the claim of the superior size of the Po- 
land China than did this. Stronger prices for Big Type Poland Chinas 
became more general in 1913. During the early months of that year 
John B. Lawson, Clarinda, Iowa, sold an offering of sows at the world's 
record average of $152 per head, with a top of $500, which was also a 
record. John Miller of Rock Valley, Iowa, had made a sale a short time 
previous to the Lawson sale, commanding an average of $151. J. "W. 
Pfander, Clarinda, Iowa, selling at the same time, realized $335 for his 
top price. 

There was a strong undertone to the trade, however, and the breed 
was undergoing an improvement greater than that of any other period 
in its existence. In the fall of 1914 there were more purchasers in quest 
of good pigs than had ever before visited the auction ring. The general 
market was good, with a top of $9.17y2 per hundredweight on the Chi- 
cago market, August 17th of that year. On September 30th that skilled 
breeder and showman of many a grand champion, Fred Sievers, Audu- 
bon, Iowa, established the new record price for a young boar at auction 
in the sale of the pig afterwards known as Black Big Wonder to the 
veteran breeder, Geo. F. Marshall, Monroe, Iowa, at $500. In this same 
sale H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kan., procured at $350 the spring pig after- 
wards known as Big Bob Wonder, and whose fame as a sire became 
recognized by all Poland China breeders. These prices eclipsed the 
former record of $325 and $300, established in the Pfander sale, 1913, 
on the pigs afterward known as Hercules and Disher's Giant. On Octo- 
ber 9, 1914, Mr. J. 0. James, Braddyville, Iowa, sold at an average of 
$100 per head, the top sow being sold with breeding privilege to Iowa's 
King to A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa, at $245, and top boar a son of Big 
Orange to the millionaire oil magnate, W. P. Cowen, Wheaton, 111., at 
$305. On October 21, 1914, the truly great event of the breed occurred 
in the sale of H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kan., when a litter of March 10th 
spring pigs by Long Jumbo, heading the R. W. Halford herd. Manning, 
Iowa, sold for the world's record price for a big type litter, $1530. The 
top price of $370 was paid by U. S. Byrne, Saxon, Mo., for a boar pig 
afterward known as Long Jumbo 2nd, and the top gilt realizing $280, 
to H. C. Graner, Lancaster, Kan. The combined weight of the eight pigs 
was over 2600 pounds, and every one at Mr. Walter's sale felt that this 
demonstration was conclusive evidence of the soundness of big type 
claims. It is a matter worthy of note that this sale occurring in a state 
and territory that had been hard hit by the hot bloods, did much in cre- 
ating interest and action favorable to Big Type Poland Chinas through- 
out the entire Southwest, as well as to stamp Mr. Walter with the indel- 
ible honor of having been the big type pioneer of that territory, which 
soon thereafter became the home of many great herds, and from which 



182 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

came a full share of the best show annuals conspicuous in state and na- 
tional exhibits. 

The success attained by those who had paid top prices for breeding 
stock during 1914, as well as those who had sold at top figures, developed 
the idea among breeders that it was profitable to advertise those records, 
and this fact, coupled with a broad and general prosperity before un- 
precedented, the force of which the Poland China business was enjoy- 
ing, caused breeders to go on at greater lengths. Thus, in September 
of 1915, in the J. W. Pfander sale, one-half interest in the boar Giant 
Ben reached $405. On October 27, 1915, the long looked forward to 
mile post of $1000 for a boar was realized by T. W. Cavett, Aurora, 
N'eb., in the private sale of his first prize junior yearling at Nebraska 
and grand champion at Kansas, Big Price, to W. J. Graham, Howard 
Lake, Minn. This sale created a great stir in big type columns. There 




Freckles 416333 

By Liberator 92965. Winner of First in Class Junior Boar Pigs, National Swine Show. 

1X0. Weight 328 Pounds. Dam, Princess Buster, Out of Buster's Best 

were those, as there always are, to question the sanity and validity of 
an unusual transaction, but the fact that both of these gentlemen were 
active and prominent in the business served to dispel the influence of the 
"doubting Thomases." 

Step by step Big Type Poland Chinas were ascending to a higher 
plane and when the $1000 mark had been reached it seemed that it was 
easier to move on upward beyond that figure than it had been to attain 
it. As it has been said, the first thousand dollars we make is the most 
difficult one, so too it seems that the men who effected a first thousand 
dollar transaction for an individual boar paved tlie way for the stagger- 
ing records that were to ensue. Thus, the Poland China fraternity was 
in a measure prepared for the announcement in December of the same 
year of the sale of Grand Master by F. H. Hassler, Manning, Iowa, to 
Wm. Leet of Omaha, Ncbr., for $2500. There was embodied in this 
same transaction the sale of Mr. Hasslcr's entire herd to Mr. Leet, and 
the retention of Mr. Hassler as manager of the Leet herd and farms at 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 183 

Manning, Iowa. The general run of public sale averages for the year 
had been under, rather than above, the hundred dollar mark. Fred 
Sievers, Audubon, Iowa, made the record average of the season of $127 
per head, while Thos. A. Shattuck of Hastings, Nebr., had scored the 
top for open gilt, the price being $500, and W. J. Graham, Howard Lake, 
Minn., the purchaser. 

During the year 1916 prices ranged upon a little higher level than 
those of the preceding year in the various auction sales of the country. 
In March of that year in the Cook and Gurthet dispersion sale, Pattons- 
burg. Mo., King Joe established a new world's record price at auction 
sale of $1250, and was purchased by W. B. Wallace, Bunceton, Mo. 
In the sales of the winter Fred Sievers had again taken the lead with a 
$142 average, and the second highest average was $127, made by Mr. 
Leet at Manning, Iowa; R. W. Halford, Manning, Iowa, $105; H. Fesen- 
meyer, Clarinda, Iowa, $101; J. W. Pfander & Sons, Clarinda, Iowa, $76; 
Bert Erwin, Mt. Carroll, 111.; $75; E. D. Frazier, Drexel, Mo., $66; Wil- 
liams Bros., VilHsca, Iowa, $41; H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kan., $67.25; 
A. J. Erhart, Ness City, Kan., $73.50; C. H. Porter, Eagle Grove, Iowa, 
$78.37; D. C. Lonergan, Florence, Nebr., $66.70; Ed Gritters, Hull, Iowa, 
$55; Robinson Bros., Morton, 111., $58.50; John Belcher & Bennett Bros., 
Lees Summit, Mo., $89.58; and other sales ran at a similar range of 
values, while the top sale of the fall season was made by Fred Sievers, 
Audubon, Iowa, at an average of $219.16 per head, which marked a 
new record for the breed. 

The current of trade was very active during the year of 1916, and 
the Poland China business had for years been assuming broader pro- 
portion. The European war, which engaged practically all the nations 
of Europe, was quickening the pulse of American business in every 
avenue, and a flow of trade and prosperity was accruing to our country, 
resulting in a very broad business prosperity. Therefore, the winter 
sales of 1917 started off with a renewed zest. It again fell to Mr. Sievers 
to set the pace in the winter sales with an average of $308.25, other sales 
revealing an advance, as compared with the averages of the previous 
season. 

In the spring of 1917 our country was drawn into what then became 
the World's War, and with the advent of wartime prices the Poland 
China business, like every other business in our country, opened up upon 
lines and assumed proportions never before dreamed of. During that 
season R. A. Welch, Red Oak, Okla., paid A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa, 
$2500 for Severe's Big Tim, thus matching the price that had formerly 
been paid for Grand Master. The same buyer took Chief Defender's 
Choice at $2250, and Buster's Giant at $2000. The electrifying event of 
the breed's career until that time occurred, however, on October 4 at 
Orange City, Iowa. 

In the summer of 1917 Peter Mouw announced that he would hold an 
auction sale in which he would include the greatest boar that he had ever 
owned, Gerstdale Jones. Breeders visiting the herd prior to the sale were 
favorably impressed with the excellent boar. The event had been 
thoroughly exploited through the livestock press, and the word was 
spread about that Gerstdale Jones measured up to all claims and 
requirements. On October 4th the breeders were there by the hundreds. 



184 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

and conjectures ran rife among them as to what Gerstdale Jones might 
bring, and who would buy him. A tense moment was experienced by 
all in the packed pavillion when the veteran breeder and chief figure 
in Big Type Poland China annals escorted his much prized thousand- 
pound boar into the sale ring. After appropriate presentations. Col. J. 
A. Benson, Sheldon, Iowa, the referee of many a bidders' battle, asked 
for bids and the fight was on, and it stayed on until he pronounced the 
final word, and at the world's record price of $6600, Gerstdale Jones 
became the property of Carter & Van Deventer, Mexico, Mo. 

A new star had risen in the firmament of Poland China breeders, new 
to the general public at least, though Mr. Carter had previously bred 
Poland Chinas, and with his youthful partner, "Billie" Van Deventer, 
who had done the bidding, received the cheer and congratulations of the 
throng who had witnessed the battle of dollars. A new record had 
been made, and by a man who richly deserved it. We record here the 
fact that the investment in Gerstdale Jones proved an excellent one, 
for in the Carter & Van Deventer sale the winter following, forty head 
of sows commanded the record average of $683 per head, thus vindi- 
cating their judgment and price in the purchase of Gerstdale Jones. 

In this memorable Missouri sale the noted show and brood sow- 
Buster's Best, a daughter of Giant Buster, reached the new record of 
$2500, going to Moore Brothers, Gardner, Kan. A second top at $2025 
was paid by Ed Frazier, Drexel, Mo., for Mouw's Chief Lady Second, 
and Bert Potter, Edelstein, 111., purchased G's Lady Buster at $1550. 
Higher prices than had ever before been paid prevailed throughout the 
entire hog belt in the winter sales of 1918. Peter Mouw & Co., Orange 
City, Iowa, sold at an average of $450, with a $660 top. W. C. Williams 
and Silver Brook Farms, Muncie, Ind., featuring The Clansman and 
Giant Buster, averaged $340, with a top of $1225. Fred Sievers, Audubon, 
Iowa, averaged $408, the top being $700. R. A. Welch, Red Oak, Okla., 
with a top of $1010, averaged $375. P. W. Young, Prosper, Minn., made 
$241 with a $625 top. H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kan., eclipsed all former 
Southwestern averages, making a $400 average and $1200 top on a 
daughter of Big Bob Wonder. In the J. W. Pfander & Sons dispersion 
sale Mammoth Giantess 13th, bred to Gerstdale Jones, scored the record 
price of $3300, going to Mej-er Bros., Hooper, Nebr., and the herd made 
an average of $404. In March of that year W. B. Wallace, Bunceton, 
Mo., held a dispersion sale, in which the great young boar. Wonder 
Buster, commanded $5300, to Carter & Van Deventer, Mexico, Mo., and 
the aged King Joe realized $3550 to Bert Harriman, Pilot Grove, Mo. On 
the 25th day of March Wm. E. Greene, Algona, Iowa, sold a pig by 
Greene's Long Prospect to B. F. Reeves, Graetinger, Iowa, for $2600. 
Thus the season closed with a list of new records established, breeders 
enthusiastic and looking forward to still greater business. 

Without exception the high sales had been made in every instance 
\\ here the boars in service were such as to attract nation-wide interest, 
and this fact led to an unprecedented search for outstanding boars 
during the ensuing season. In July of that year L. H. Glover. Grand- 
view. Mo., paid F. H. Hassler. Manning, Iowa. $3000 for a six months" 
old pig by The Clansman, out of Fashion Girl, known as Libei-ator. 
Though the announcement of this event thrilled the Poland China 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 185 

fraternity, little did anyone at the time surmise that those two names, 
"Glover and Liberator," would for all time be linked with the greatest 
achievement in the annals of swine, and may I say, livestock breeding. 

In September of that year Fred Sievers presented in his auction ring 
the great prize winning yearling boar. Colonel Jack, that was generally 
looked upon as being the greatest young boar listed for public auction 
that year. Breeders had grown accustomed to finding splendid offerings 
with Mr. Sievers, who had repeatedly won the grand championships at 
Iowa, and though Colonel Jack had not been accorded that distinction, 
it did not deter them in their attendance or bidding. This boar gave 
every promise of making a new chapter of history for the man who 
would buy him. Paul Wagner, Norfolk, Nebr., succeeded in vanquishing 
the opposing bidders, among whom were the leading figures of the 
fraternity, and Colonel Jack fell to his bid at the world's record price 
for a Poland China boar at pubHc auction, the same being $10,200. In 
that same sale fourteen pigs sired by Colonel Jack made an average of 
ipTSLSS, and the entire oflfering $680. 

In A. D. Severe's October sale The Chancellor, then a pig, was 
called forth to the sale ring, though not catalogued for sale, and com- 
manded $5500 to Yotter Bros, and J. A. Duncan, Oakville, Iowa, a new- 
record for a pig his age. Other notable sales of the season were Long 
Big Bone 2d, by Roscoe Crip, Rockfield, Ind., to Wm. E. Greene, Algona, 
Iowa, for $2975. Smooth Black Bob, from J. E. Meharry, Tolono, 111., 
at $2750 to Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, in the W. D. Jones sale, 
Atkins, Iowa, a top of $2100. W. D. Jarman sale, Nodaway, Iowa, a 
top of $1735; in the W. G. Lockridge sale, Fayette, Mo., a top of $1500; 
in W. C. Gamble's sale, Nobleville, Ind., a top of $1700; in Harry Uitten- 
boggard sale, Sheldon, Iowa, a top of $1725; Liberty Stock Farm, North 
Henderson, 111., top of $1500; Bert Potter sale, Edelstein, 111., a top of 
$1500; Wm. Watt & Sons, Greene City, Mo., $1125; H. A. Wessels, Crom- 
well, Iowa, $1375. Bert Potter, Edelstein, 111., established the record 
price for a litter of spring pigs, selling in his public auction seven pigs 
by Gerstdale Jones, out of G's Lady Buster, for $5910. 

On November 16th Mr. Glover sold an offering in which he included 
some sows with breeding privilege to Liberator, and these sows averaged 
$563 per head, while the boars averaged $350, with a top of $1110 for 
a son of Giant Buster, going to H. B. Walter, Effingham, Kan. 

The result of the fall sales were such as to cause enthusiasm 
among breeders that could not fail in finding voice in the winter sales 
to follow. Early in the winter season of 1919 R. W. Halford, Manning, 
Iowa, averaged $640 per head on an entire offering, with a new record 
top price of $3400, and on the day following Fred Sievers, Audubon, 
Iowa, sold an offering of sows at an average of $760, with a $1700 top. 
Mouw & Co. sold at an average of $480, with $3500 top. R. C. Henry, 
Sheldon, Iowa, averaged $569, with $2500 top. Silver Brook Farm, 
Muncie, Ind., with The Clansman in service, averaged $700, with $3500 
top. Wm. E. Greene, Algona, Iowa, averaged $811, with $4000 top, and 
Mr. Glover made the record sale of the winter and breed at an average 
of $823. Paul Wagner, Norfolk, Nebr., selling an offering of sows bred 
to Colonel Jack, made an average of $542, and again a high-priced boar 
had proven an excellent investment. The country was enjoying 



186 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINK 

unbounded prosperity. Every line of business was running on a high 
plane, and any number of Poland China sales throughout the entire 
territory were averaging from $150 to $400 per head. Encouraged by the 
events of subsequent ventures, breeders everywhere were seeking the 
high class specimens of the breed, and in most instances when they 
succeeded in finding them, the price was of secondary consideration. 

During the early days of August Mr. Wm. Wrigley, Jr., multimil- 
lionaire gum manufacturer, purchased The Clansman for $15,000 from 
Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind., to place at the head of his herd main- 
tained at Lake Geneva, Wis., and managed by Mr. Fred Scotter. This 
transaction was the opening gun of the summer and fall season, and 
while that price represented the world's record for a Big Type Poland 
China boar, it remained as a record only until a few days later, when 
in the Halford & Hassler sale at Manning, Iowa, Mabel's Jumbo com- 




Lady Fairfield 69504 6 
By Big Chief Defender, Otit of Lunker's Lady. Senior and Grand Champion Sow Indiana 
State, 1920 

manded $18,000 to H. W. Hey, Polo, 111. Mr. E. W. Gregson, Montezuma, 
Iowa, was the last contending bidder against Mr. Hey, and immediately 
following the auction paid Mr. Hassler $5000 for a pig by Designer. 
Designer, a litter brother to Liberator, had some weeks before been 
purchased of Mr. Hassler by Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr., at $5000. 
In the sale of Mabel's Jumbo there were some twenty-three breeding 
privileges pledged from the ringside at $500 each, which augmented 
the bidding, no doubt, several thousand dollars. Unfortunately for all 
the boar failed to work satisfactorily for Mr. Hey, but satisfactory 
adjustment was made between him and the sellers. 

The price paid for Mabel's Jumbo remained a record for only a few 
days, when in the Wm. E. Greene sale the boar Evolution, that had been 
largely responsible for Mr. Greene's great sow sale the previous spring, 
was bid off by a syndicate of breeders at Sheldon, Iowa, for $25,200. 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 187 

At the National Swine show in October Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, 
purchaced from W. P. Donald, Clio, Iowa, the boar known as The 
Pickett for $10,000, while Harrison's Big Bob had realized $10,100 in the 
L. Harrison sale, Taylor, Mo., under the hammer of Col. R. L. Harriman, 
Bunceton, Mo. 

The record average for a summer or fall sale of $1623 per head was 
attained by Wm. E. Greene, Algona, Iowa. Halford & Hassler at Man- 
ning, Iowa, had sold at an average of $1149. W. C. Gamble, Noblesville, 
Ind., made $546 with a $4000 top. E. E. Farver, Sibley, Iowa, with a 
top of $5600, averaged $486. E. C. Barber, Alpena, S. D., averaged $535, 
with a top of $1025; Line Lukens, Disco, Ind., $692, with $4000 top; 
Monroe McCoy & Son, Villisca, Iowa, $470, with $3500 top ; Frank Ryan, 
Plankington, S. D., $602, with $6600 top; Grover E. Sampson, St. Joseph, 
Mo., $506 average, $4200 top; A. D. Severe, Dows, Iowa, $704, a $6200 
top; Silver Brook Farm, Muncie, Ind., $645 average, $6000 top; Harry 
Uittenboggard, Sheldon, Iowa, $615 average, the top of $4700; Williams 
& Son, Bryant, Ind., $801, with $3000 top; T. E. Thompson & Son, Frank- 
lin, Ind., $620, $3200 top; Wm. Wrigley, Jr., $541 average, top $2350; 
Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr., $384, top $925; Dunn & Mead, Alexis, 
111., $406 average, top $1625; Oliphant & Kreh, Vincennes, Ind., $541, 
with top of $4000; Fred Sievers, Audubon, Iowa, $400 average, $2800 
top; M. A. Dowling, Valley Junction, Iowa, $420 average, $3800 top; 
E. C. Caverly, Toulon, 111., $353 average, the top being $6000; Williams 
Bros., Villisca, Iowa, $358 average, $1200 top; O. O. Howard, Marathon, 
Iowa, $350 average, $2000 top; Kerlin, Snowberger & Flora, Rockfield, 
Ind., $465 average, $2275 top. There were any number of sales in which 
averages ran from $200 up, and this condition obtained throughout 
and beyond the cornbelt states. It had been a season, the like of which 
Poland China men had never before seen, and though they had grown 
accustomed to new records following in rapid succession, there was 
every indication that they would witness still higher values in the sales 
for the winter following. 

The climax of this eventful fall series was reached, however, in the 
private sale by Wm. Ferguson of the noted boar Designer to D. C. 
Lonergan & Sons, Florence, Nebr., at $30,000. This was an outright 
sale, with no strings or conditions attached to it, and marks the highest 
price at which unconditionally a boar has ever sold for. Designer was 
liked by many even better than his illustrous litter mate. Liberator, 
and there was every indication that his blood would share in the demand 
enjoyed for that of Liberator and The Clansman. During the fall 
series of sales one hundred and fourteen spring pigs by Liberator had 
sold in eight different states at the unprecedented average of $1038 
each. Thus the fall season of 1919 came to a close with the breeders 
everywhere prepared, ready and anxious for the opening of the 1920 
winter campaign. By observing carefully the persistent advance in 
prices for Poland Chinas recorded in this chapter, covering as it does 
a period of years, and considering, also, the fact that the Nation was 
passing through a period of after-war inflation and prosperity which 
caused speculation and investment to run rife in every department and 
ramification of American trade, the reader will better comprehend the 



188 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SNVINK 

stupendous figures which are revealed in the report of the winter sales 
of 1920. 

On the 9th day of January, 1920, Wm. Ferguson, Scribner, Nebr., 
presented an offering of sows to his auction ring, mated to the great 
Designer. Designer had been in the minds of all Poland China men, 
and when they saw this wonderful boar they determined to buy a sow 
bred to him. Mr. Ferguson having been one of the very few breeders 
in that state w-ho sought to expand his business to national proportions, 
was amply rewarded for his eflforts upon this occasion. Breeders were 
present or represented in the buying from the states of Iowa, Missouri, 
Tennessee, Indiana, South Dakota, Illinois and Kansas, as well as his 
his home state, and it is worthy of note that only eight head of the 
offering sold to Nebraska breeders. The thirty-two head listed in this 
auction commanded an average of $1201.56, with a top of $3200. A 
September 1st boar pig by Designer reached $2600, to E. D. Frazier, 
Drexel, Mo. Twenty-one head of the offering sold at from $1000 up, 
and the lowest price recorded was $700. This sale recorded at the 
moment a world's record for sows at auction, and remains the highest 
average with one exception ever made west of the Missouri river. 

On the same date and the same hour that this great sale was taking 
place a still greater sale, the greatest made east of the Mississippi river, 
was in progress at Wm. Wrigley, Jr.'s, Green Gables Farm, Lake Geneva, 
Wis., the home of The Clansman. Mr. Wrigley had arranged for a 
special train, "The Clansman Special," to convey his visitors from 
Chicago to Lake Geneva, and to give the reader an idea of the great 
importance that was attached to this event, we make mention of the 
fact that there were two hundred and ninety-eight passengers on board 
the special train when it pulled out of the Northwestern station, Chicago, 
111., sale morning. The sale was conducted by Col. W. B. Duncan, to 
whom may be justly credited the honor of having been the most potent 
factor in popularizing the Big Type Poland China east of the Mississippi 
river. His work upon this occasion, as upon all others, measured up 
fully to the requirements, and when the average was struck following 
the auction, it disclosed the new world's record price for an offering of 
sows of $1554.86. The sows bred to The Clansman averaged $1939, with 
a top of $4000, paid by Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa. A second top of 
$3700 went to Grover E. Sampson, St. Joseph, Mo., and numerous other 
sales ranged from $1000 to $3000. 

Nation-wide interest was manifested in the D. C. Lonergan & Sons 
sale at Florence, Nebr., on the 17th day of January. The Poland China 
breeders of America had long since learned to know this firm as one 
of the most progressive, successful and dependable identified with the 
business. Repeated winnings at the great shows by these men on 
products of their own herd strengthened the feeling and thought of the 
breeders that they would find in this sale a great oflering of sows mated 
with the great Designer. Word had traveled far and wide among the 
breeders of fiic Designer purchase at $30,000, and many coming out of 
curiosity to sec such a boar, after looking at him and marveling at his 
superb individuality, resolved to acquire a sow bred to him. Mr. R. A. 
Welch, Red Oak, Okla., had the distinction of paying the then world's 
record price of $6100 for the top sow of the ottering. The second top 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 189 

of $2350 was paid by E. D. Hudson & Sons, Montezuma, Iowa. Thirty 
head of the catalogued offering sold at or above the thousand dollar 
mark, while the forty head made the unprecedented average for a 
Poland China sale west of the Missouri river of $1310. This sale was a 
fitting tribute to one of the most deserving firms and offerings of the 
breed. That such sales as the Ferguson sale and the Wrigley sale could 
be made on the same date better illustrates the unprecedented demand 
that was current for Poland China breeding stock. These and the 
Lonergan sales resulting in such unexpected totals and occurring just a 
few days in advance of Mr. Glover's Liberator sale, Kansas City, Mo., 
conjecture ran rife timong the Poland China world as to what might 
happen at Kansas City. 

L. H. Glover had, as everyone knew, made a most thorough prepara- 
tion, and this preparation dated back to the day he purchased his first 
pure bred Poland China. Clean, courteous and aggressive business 
methods had prevailed throughout his career, and for this particular 
offering he had sought the best specimens available of the breed's pro- 
duction, knowing no East, no West, no North, nor South in his field of 
operation, but drawing upon the best herds of the country. During the 
preceding fall one hundred and fourteen Liberator spring pigs had been 
sold in eight different states, as has previously been stated, at an average 
of $1038 each. Breeders who had bought sows bred to Liberator in 
his record sale of 1919 had received from $4000 to $15,000 per litter for 
them. Breeders everywhere conceded that this blood possessed the 
most potent improving effect upon the breed yet found, and they went 
to Kansas City determined to obtain some of it. As a special attraction 
to this sale Mr. Glover had listed the great Fashion Girl, the dam of 
Liberator and Designer, and she was again safe to The Clansman. 

The fine stock sale pavihon at Kansas City yard was the scene of 
action, and it was packed from ring to rafters with the leading Poland 
China breeders of America. The pioneer Big Type Poland China 
auctioneer. Col. H. S. Duncan, was in charge of the sale, and after 
twenty years of faithful and conspicuous service to the Poland China 
fraternity, he was now in his element. The sale was opened on Fashion 
Girl, and the bidding quickly reached the world's record price of all time 
for a sow of any breed, $17,200, and she fell to the bid of Frank R. 
McDermand, Kansas City, Mo. She was followed in prompt succession 
by the thirty-five sows bred to Liberator, the cheapest of which com- 
manded $1600, and the top $5000, and when the average was struck on 
the thirty-six catalogued sows, it stood $3112. Following the catalogued 
offering a supplementary list of ten sows were sold, commanding from 
$1025 to $3000 each. This sale, unparalleled in the annals of swine 
selHng perhaps, finds its only parallel in the New York Mills Short Horn 
sale, held in 1872. 

Following this auction the happiest men were those who had been 
purchasers, save possibly Mr. Glover, and believing that the future gen- 
eration of Poland China hog men will be pleased to turn to this page 
of history, we are adjoining hereto a complete list of the purchasers 
and prices: 

1. F. R. McDermand, Kansas City, Mo $17,200 

2. E. A. Wiggers, Evansville, Ind 4 qqq 



190 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

3. F. R. McDermand 5,000 

4. Wm. Wrigley, Jr., Green Gables Farm, Lake Geneva, Wis. . . 3,650 

5. Maple Way Farm, Fairview, Mo 2,300 

6. E. G. Fisher, King City, Mo 1,600 

7. A. E. Glendinning, Maywood, Mo 3,100 

8. Grover Sampson, St. Joseph, Mo 2,650 

9. E. Hudson, Montezuma, Iowa 2,650 

10. Bert Harriman, Pilot Grove, Mo 2,500 

11. H. T. Connett, St. Joseph, Mo 1,950 

12. J. F. Willard, O'Fallon, 111 1,900 

13. G. E. Hudson, Montezuma, Iowa 2,650 

14. Loch Moore Farm, Thorntown, Ind 2,300 

15. Wm. King, Volga City, Iowa 3,550 

16. W. Preston Donald, Clio, Iowa 3,050 

17. Sol Leonard, St. Joseph, Mo 3,100 

20. Chas. F. Reish, Lakeville, Ind 3,000 

23. John Stewart, Elburn, 111 2,600 

24. G. E. Deuel, Thorntown, Ind 2,050 

25. J. W. McHenry, Elyria, Ohio 3,000 

26. Wilbur T. Johnson, Booneville, Mo 2,350 

27. Oliphant & Kreh, Vincennes, Ind 2,800 

28. Frank Hurley, Ryan, Iowa 1,950 

29. Stuart Watson, LaFox, 111 2,500 

30. W. S. Sharp & Son, Waxahachie, Texas 2,200 

31. Bert Harriman 4,000 

32. Chas. Pfander, Clarinda, Iowa 3,000 

33. Winn Bros., Mexico, Mo 2,150 

34. W. H. Hills, Milo, Kan 2,200 

35. J. H. Bunten, Danville, Ind 2,050 

36. Carl Crawford, Atlanta, Mo 2,600 

37. N. K. Dunham, Salem, 111 2,200 

38. Chas. Jewett, Indianapolis, Ind 2,700 

39. C. E. Howe, Marathon, Iowa 2,850 

40. L. J. Long, Peru, 111." 2,350 

Supplemental List 

41. C. C. Rice and E. D. Frazier. Drexel, Mo 3,000 

42. Purdy Bros., Harris, Mo 1,400 

43. Oscar B. Hensel, Edelstein, 111 1,500 

45. Palmer Bros., Yorkville, 111 1,325 

46. Consumers' Farms, Oklahoma City, Okla 1,150 

47. M. W. Axtell, Trent, S. D 1,400 

49. J. H. Serven & Son, Prairie City. Ill 1,125 

51. O. B. Creek. Liberty. Ind 1,025 

52. E. C. Smith, Rivervalc. Ind 1,275 

54. Springhill Farm, Huntington, Ind 1,700 

That the twelve hundred breeders who attended this sale were still 
eager to buy breeding stock is evidenced by the fact that in the same sale 
ring that evening at seven o'clock Winn & Moore, Kansas City. Mo., and 
Gardner. Kan., sold an offering of fifty-one sows bred to Revelation, the 

son of Liberator, and to Emancipator, at an average of •'f!l,472 per head. 



THE BREED'S REDEMPTION 191 

In this sale Colvert Bros., Oxford, Ind., paid $11,300 for the second prize 
sow at the National Swine show. Model Giantess 3d. 

All sales of the winter received a tremendous patronage and com- 
manded extreme prices. M. A. Dowling, Valley Junction, Iowa, featuring 
The Rainbow, averaged $625, $1500 top; Dunn & Mead, Monmouth, 111., 
featuring Dunndale Pilot, averaged $646, with a top of $5000; Ernest 
Melberg, Iowa, made the Iowa record of $1125, with $5000 top, featuring 
The Pickett. Mr. Glover made a second sale averaging $1001, $2525 
top. E. A. Wiggers, Evansville, Ind., with a top of $3100, averaged $1025; 
Lukens & Son, Disco, Ind., $1233 average, with $4100 top; WilUams & 
Sons, Spurling & Rumple, Thorntown, Ind., $2171 average, with a top 
of $3200; on sows bred to Giant Buster. Williams Bros., VilHsca, Iowa, 
featuring The Yankee, made an average of $613, with a top of $1725; 
Fred Sievers, Audubon, Iowa, $524 average, with a top of $1450; John 
F. Smith, Flandreau, S. D., with a top of $1850, averaged $762; Bloemen- 
daal Bros., Orange City, Iowa, $691, with a $2500 top; W. J. Graham, 
Howard Lake, Minn., $558 average, $4050 top; H. C. McGath, Ames, 
Nebr., featuring The Avalanche by The Clansman, made $450 average. 

There were any number of sales held in every section of the hog belt 
during the winter series that commanded from $200 to $400 averages, 
and a countless number of individual sows selling above one thousand. 
No season in the history's business had witnessed prices far in excess of 
the estimates placed upon them by the sellers. As the spring drew on 
there were evidences of an approaching depression in business, but it 
was not sufficiently felt and recognized as to deter breeders in their 
efforts to obtain breeding stock at big figures, and this season marked 
a number of private boar sales, chief among which was the purchase 
of The Yankee by W. H. Ellsworth & Sons, Goldfield, Iowa, from Wil- 
liams Bros., Villisca, Iowa, for a consideration of $40,000. Jim Bloemen- 
daal, Alton, Iowa, purchased the boar Checkers from F. H. Hassler, 
Manning, Iowa, for $20,000. Tow Bros., Norway, Iowa, purchased the 
entire herd of Ernest Melberg, Norway, Iowa, including The Pickett, for 
a consideration of $100,000, and it was stated that The Pickett figured in 
this transaction at the price of $60,000. WilHams Bros., VilHsca, Iowa, 
purchased a fall boar by Designer from Mr. Hassler for $15,000. M. H. 
Menough, Grimes, Iowa, bought The Rainbow from Mr. M. A. Dowling, 
Valley Junction, Iowa, the consideration being $25,000, and the October 
usage of this boar by Mr. Dowling. Bell Bros. & Wood, Wiota, Iowa, 
and R. A. Bell, Atlantic, Iowa, purchased of Mr. Dowling the prize 
winning son of The Rainbow, known as The Hit, for $15,000. F. R. 
McDermand, Kansas City, Mo., purchased Columbian Giant at $20,000. 
There were numerous other transactions, also at notable figures. 

Though the depression was being felt as the season progressed, it is 
remarkable to note the many excellent summer and fall sales that 
followed. D. C. Lonergan & Sons, Florence, Nebr., made an August 
sale averaging $509, with a $1500 top. Wm. Ferguson & Son, Scribner, 
Nebr., averaged $448, realizing for a spring boar by Designer $5200. 
Lewis Bros. & Cunningham, Childress, Texas, with a $3300 top, averaged 
$532. Colvert Bros., Oxford, Ind., sold at an average of $512, with a 
$6650 top. W. D. Jones, Atkins, Iowa, realized $600 average, and $9000 
top. Jewett & Wiggers, Evansville, Ind., $525 average, with a top of 



102 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

.$975. H. M. Menough, (Irimes, Iowa, $407 average, $1050 top. Delaney 
Bros., Lentner, Mo., witli a top of $4025, averaged $300. Jim Bloemen- 
daal, Alton, lov^'a, made an average of $905, with a top of $2525. Harry 
Moore, Gardner, Kan., $355 average, $2000 top. Winn & Glover, Kansas 
City, Mo., $499 average, $2525 top. Tow Bros., Norway, Iowa, $983 
average, $5,000 top. While many sales averaged above $200 per head, 
and a great number of individuals commanded from $1000 to $3000. 

By the close of the fall sale season, owing to depressed conditions 
in the money markets and a demoralized condition in the grain markets, 
it was apparent that a still lower range of values would obtain during 
the season of 1921. Never in the history of the swine industry were 
there more farmers and stockmen wishing to buy brood sows or attending 
the sales of them than in this season, but in most instances perforce of 
circumstances, sales were made on a cash basis, and credit being denied 
the farmers by their local banks, they were unable to satisfy their wants 
and needs. This condition obtaining among the farmers affected the 
breeders full as much, and as a result very low prices ruled throughout 
the hog belt. The top Sale of the winter was made by Jim Bloemen- 
daal, Alton, Iowa, who sold at an average of $376. Mr. Glover's sale 
averaged $335, and that of Mr. McDermand a similar amount. Mr. 
Melberg sold at an average of $343. There were few other sales during 
the winter that exceeded $200 on the average, and many of the offerings 
ranged only from $50 to $75. A number of the breeders, becoming dis- 
couraged, withdrew for a time at least from the business, but it left 
the breed still fortified with a greater number of good herds, comprising 
a greater number of high class individuals than it ever before possessed. 



CHAPTER XXVIII 

The Aftermath 

rROM the beginning of the European war until 1920 all classes ol" 
American business had been running on a high tide and constantly 
gaining in momentum. The general public was led to believe that, owing 
to the war's great devastation, conditions might remain so for a goodly 
period. Every commodity was commanding a tremendous price, but 
dollars were cheap, credit was free, and business activity had reached 
a point of speculation and gambling in practically every known depart- 
ment. The federal reserve banking system had been played up as an 
unquestionable safeguard against flurries within the realm of finance, 
and no one feared a panic. Banks throughout the country were piled 
full of assets and bankers encouraged their patrons to buy. Land 
throughout the cornbelt, ever looked upon as the safest investment, felt 
the current of inflation, with the result that prices began ascending by 
leaps and bounds, which awakened the latent gambling spirit that is 
somewhere concealed in nearly every human breast. Corporate stock 
salesmen were everywhere driving the country, not infrequently forti- 
fied in their plundering by carefully framed letters of introduction and 
endorsement from high state officials, leading bankers of the state, on 
to the local banker who might be found accompanying them upon their 
errand of conquest among the numerous investors, which included every 
class from artisan, tradesman to husbandman, each looking for easy 
money, a get-rich-quick return on their dollars. So ran the current 
from one end of the nation to the other. 

Billions of dollars of Liberty and Victory bonds, secured by the 
world's best paymaster, which had been sold quite generally to every 
adult American during the days of the war, were now looked upon as 
yielding a very stingy rate of interest. A four or five per cent interest 
rate, wlien compared with the estimated forty to five hundred per cent 
earning power of the so-and-so company, was sufficient inducement to 
cause these bonds to be handed over for so many shares of stock in the 
blue-sky corporations. Men with moderate reserve assets were carrying 
on business to a point that in saner times would have seemed appalling. 
The gambling fever became contagious, an epidemic. Men formerly 
known to be conservative and cautious, too, caught the fever and joined 
in like the rest, deliriously buying. Farmers and stockmen took their 
fling at everything listed in the investment catagories, and just when 
every one seemed to have made his fortune, or was just going to make it, 
the most enjoyable period in all the world's history came bluntly to an 
end, and as if during a single night the bottom fell out of the markets, 
money disappeared from the light of day as if by magic, credit became 
a thing only of memory, individual fortunes had taken wing as in the 
phantasy of dreamland, and all that remained was a mountain, or will 
I say, chain of mountains, of interest-bearing debts. 



194 HISTOnv OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

The fcdtrnl reserve directors liad, too, played that most excellent 
meaning institution beyond the limits of its created functioning, and 
had loaded up load upon load of re-discount paper from its member 
banks, who had taken that paper from Tom, Dick and Harry, who had 
spent the money with the most reckless abandon, and now the reserve 
system said to their member banks: "You must pay this paper." When 
these member banks called on their borrowers with a similar demand 
Tom said: "I have nothing to show for my note;" Dick said: "I can 
only pay the interest upon mine," and Harry said: "I'll hold my invest- 
ments until the markets improve, and then I can pay all of it." This 
situation being general throughout the land, intensified the most general 
depression ever known to this generation of Americans. Foreign nations, 
to whom we had loaned billions of dollars, were unable to pay even the 
interest on their indebtedness, and seemingly the great minds and men 
throughout the world had made no greater preparation to cope with this 
day of reckoning than had the most humble layman among us. 

It was only natural that in the course of the super-inflated business 
events that registered livestock, just like everything else, would attain 
to prices in excess of its value. People who had cherished the desire to 
own rgistered livestock in the prohibitive days of their poverty had 
felt that now was the time to stock up, and had the American farmer 
confined himself to investments only in his own line of business, he 
would have been but little hurt. Though he may have indulged to excess 
in buying his boar and his sows, they would have eventually returned 
to him his investment, with profit. But he did not so confine himself, for 
in a single cornbelt state, some three hundred million dollars of wildcat 
corporate stock was sold during a period of eighteen months, and largely 
to the farmers and stockmen. This was practically a total loss, and it 
was over twice as much as the registered livestock sold in that state 
during the same period totaled. Good breeding stock of all kinds sold 
for more than it was safely worth, but there was no preventing it, no 
effort made to prevent it, and yet the men who figured in it committed 
the smallest offense against society, as well as the individual, of any who 
were promoting industry at that time. 

This was the one golden era of the twentieth century in the livestock 
business. Breeders were happy and rejoicing in the tremendous total 
of the sales, as well as in the honor of doing big things. Never once 
did any breeder caution his buyers against going too high, even when it 
would seem that altitude records had been reached, but rather he urged 
for still more. Beginning with $500 for a boar in 1909 as a starthng 
record, the Poland China breeder had been clambering higher and 
higher, and the greater the height the more confident he became of the 
value, and as he passed the thoysand dollar milestone, set by the sale 
of Big Price, on past the sixty-six hundred Gerstdale Jones, the ten 
thousand two hundred dollar Colonel Jack, the twenty-five thousand 
dollar Evolution, the thirty thousand dollar Designer, the seventeen 
thousand two hundred dollar Fashion Girl, these prices seemed no more 
and were no more when compared to the earning power of the animal 
than was three hundred and sixty dollars for A Wonder, and one 
hundred dollars for Giantess 2d, when they sold at those figures. What 
had been slow plodding business had now become a race with perchance 



THE AFTERMATH 11)5 

an element of gamble thrown in. It had been winning consistently lor 
years. The crowd of players had been getting larger and more confi- 
dent from day to day, and the bet was that if times continued so and the 
animal lived a certain length of time, he or she would make a profit, or 
perchance fortune, for the buyer. This was not out of line with the 
every day intent and purpose of the ambitious man any more than in 
the fact that he was now seeking things with a magnified vision and was 
attempting to do in a few months' time what he would have ordinarily 
been content with devoting a lifetime to performing. The same spirit 
manifested itself in the doings of every other prominent breed and 
specie of livestock, and with about the same results. 

Every agency connected with the Poland China business during this 
time was working under the same high blood pressure as the breeders 




Tye's Liberator 
r. Third Prise Senior Bnar Pig, National Swine 
Weight 558 Pounds. Note the Massiveness and 
Type tor an Under Year Pig 



themselves. There had previously come into the field numerous breed 
and other publications, each justifying its own existence and activities 
under reasons which each deemed amply sufficient. Each had its corps 
of advertising solicitors, whose duties it was to fine-tooth comb the 
territory assigned him in procuring advertising, digging up buyers, 
making purchases and generally promoting the business. Such papers 
were largely judged as good or bad, weak or strong, by the amount of 
space they could run, the pep of their fieldmen, the influence they could 
wield, and the force they could exert in further augmenting sales, sale 
averages and production. Breeders wanted them and liberally em- 
ployed them. Every other branch of the selling end of the business was 
employed upon a similar basis, and the man destitute of influence and 
ability to make the sales go was found absent on roll call. Recording 
associations were energetic in the field, urging breeders and beginners 
to greater activities. Veterinary science had overcome the hazard of 



I'JG HISTOHY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

loss by cholera, through vaccination, and livestock insurance companies, 
springing up, were writing policies at fabulous amounts on sale offerings 
or individual animals, protecting them against death from any cause. 
These elements combined were potent in allaying fears and likewise in 
engendering a greater element of confidence. 

As sale averages ascended into the hundreds, frequently near and 
occasionally beyond the thousand dollar mark, those constituting the 
selling factors in the business moved on up into that attractive realm 
of greater compensation, and as it become with the breeders a rivalry 
to excel in sale averages and show ring, so, too, it became a mark of 
distinction among the fieldmen to write the largest contract and auc- 
tioneers to command the highest fees. Had the break been foreseen all 
factors in the industry would have adjusted their parts to conform 
thereto, but as it was beyond the scope of man's vision to pierce the 
curtain between this day's business and the future, breeders were unpre- 
pared when it came, and many found themselves encumbered with great 
advertising contracts which had been run and not paid for, with notes 
they had taken that were now non-collectable, as well as notes they 
had given which they could not pay. 

Most of the breeders, as well as all others connected with the business, 
accepted the new order of things gracefully, and, like all game Ameri- 
cans should do, settled down to the task of clearing things up, realizing 
that if there had been mistakes made they were their own mistakes, and 
they as men should answer for them. Looking about, they could see 
that everyone else had been affected in a similar manner, that no matter 
who the man was, where he was, or what he had been doing, provided 
that he was in business at all during this period, he was now in the same 
straits, and the only manly thing to do was to make the best of it. There 
was no occasion for the Poland China breeder to denounce the fates, 
for had not the greatest men of the Nation, in both governmental and 
business affairs, been caught in the same meshes, and did this depression 
not only encompass ourselves, but reach on into the nations of the Old 
World? 

The writer challenges to be shown any group or fraternity of men 
who surpass in genuine manliness and strength of heart that which is 
identified with the great American Poland China breed of swine. Yet 
like every other body of men, there was in its ranks a minority of fault- 
finders, kickers and cowards, who, when the break came, put up their 
heads long enough to shoot their poisonous arrows of hatred, envy and 
falsehood into the ranks of the business. The Poland China breed was 
now handicapped with its full share of these little narrow-minded char- 
acter assassins and business destroyers. During the glowing days of 
the trade they arc ever to be found selling on the other breeder's efforts, 
eager to accept top prices for what they have to sell, but jealous and 
envious of their fellow breeder's success. A thousand dollars is chea') 
enough for their boar, but always too much for the other man's. They 
breed a second class product, and by attending the sales of the breeder 
who sells first class product, putting in the day denouncing his prices 
and knocking his offering, they hope and frequently succeed in palming 
thiir own goods off onto an unsuspecting jjurchaser for twice what it 
is worth. When the drop conies they rise to the surface and begin 



THE AFTERMATH 1<)7 

denouncing other men and their methods as being responsible for it all. 
Content to take top prices while they are going, practicing stratagems 
and laying pitfalls for their buyers, now that the drop has come and 
possibly caught them just when they were getting ready to cash in, yon 
hear them poisonously denouncing all others connected with the busi- 
ness. In their unmanly attempt to make themselves strong with that 
element of the same ilk, they lay the fault at the hands of the man who 
paid twenty-five thousand dollars for a boar, or who sold one for that 
price, or the livestock papers did it, or the auctioneers charged too much, 
and they very easily find sympathizers, for in every department of the 
business and every other business are men like themselves of diminu- 
tive caliber. This element sought immediately to become dominant 
during the days of the depression, adding insult to injury, and making 
recovery more difficult by spreading discord and dissension. 

It has frequently been stated that competition is the life of business, 
and that statement imphes that competition be clean and wholesome 
in character, willing at all times to meet and be met on a basis and test 
of merit. In the main the Poland China business had been conducted 
upon that commendable plane, but with the depression of business in 
1920 and 1921, there was apparent in certain territories of the hog belt 
groups or chques composed of individuals actuated by selfish and 
envious motives, who sought to establish and enforce coercive measures, 
compelling other members of the fraternity to conform to their wishes in 
conducting a punitive campaign against individuals and institutions 
identified with the breed, the elimination of which would serve their 
selfish ends. This coersion was carried on to such an extreme that 
certain fieldmen attempted to dictate to the breeder whom he might 
employ in the other departments of his business, under the implied 
threat of working against him unless he "lined up." The breeder was 
likewise taken to task of from whom he might purchase breeding 
material and for entrusting his buying orders to other than these dicta- 
tors. In this manner the privilege of conducting his own business in his 
own way was denied the breeder. In various states this dictatorship 
was carried on to such unimaginable extremes that it was said of certain 
fieldmen, though not by any means marked successes when in the breed- 
ing business, that they sought to poison the breeders of their territories 
against purchasing at sales where the auctioneers employed were not to 
their Uking. Yet they had the temerity to accept the advertising of such 
breeders and the publications on which they were hired, solicited and 
accepted advertising from breeders employing these same auctioneers 
on the pretext of pulling patronage for their sales. Again, in the same 
territories- were circulated and passed on among the breeders malicious 
fabrications relating to the sales and purchases of many of the best and 
highest priced selling animals of the breed. The object in this was to 
reek vengeance upon guiltless men, the result, however, begetting doubt 
and mistrust among all breeders as to the validity of any transaction 
in which they did not personally take part. It is an unfortunate fact that 
the greatest miscreant conforming to human type can, for a while at 
least, have his following, and more unfortunate still that many times 
the unsuspecting honest man is drawn under such leadership. The 
greatest handicap under which the breed was suffering at this time was 



198 HISTORY OF POLAND CHINA SWINE 

that of these underhand and coercive methods which operated to locaUze 
the breed's activities to the Httle territory dominated by those who had 
practiced them for their own selfish ends. The breed of a great Nation 
must not be hampered in its field of operation by any interest that 
attempts to build up an impregnable wall around a limited territory 
and say to the rest and all others beyond that confine, "I'm running 
the breed here. You keep out," and to those within that territory, "I'm 
directing the breed here. You stay in!" No breeder, no fieldman and 
no auctioneer should be permitted to say to any other, "You are in my 
territory." This great breed of swine, the only one that was ever 
evolved by strictly American genius, should enjoy the broad and unre- 
stricted field of all America in its trade and operation. That was the 
vision of its originators, and that must ever be the vision of its greatest 
builders. 

Until the depression of 1920, in its century of unequalled service to 
the American stockmen in subduing the scrubs, enriching the agriculture 
of the country and serving one of the great resources of a nation, it 
knew no dictators and was never dominated by any closed corporation 
element that sought to keep it local in its functioning. Let us hope that 
the control of this breed may never be relaxed by that class of men 
who have been responsible for its progress, who look upon it as a 
national asset, who work with it and for it in its entirety rather than as 
a closed corporation reduced to zones and limited areas. There is hope 
for the future material realm for man only as the young and rising 
generation of the American farms may be taught to respect, revere, 
imitate and if possible improve upon the work and achievement of those 
who have made this record possible. 




THOMAS A. SHATTUCK 



Much credit is due Thos. A. Shattuck, Hastings, 
Nebr., for the making possible in a financial way, 
the publication of this. The History of the Poland 
China Breed of Swine. The thought of so tremen- 
dous an expense in the publication of such a book, 
with the knowledge of a very limited circulation, 
caused no little worry to the authors. Through the 
assistance of Mr. Shattuck in visiting a number of 
breeders, the closing pages of the History were 
offered as an advertising medium, to help defray 
the great expense in publishing and placing on the 
market, the History. 

Mr. Shattuck is one of the pioneer breeders of the 
west. Associated with his father, A. T. Shattuck, 
they became known wherever Poland Chinas were 
raised. 

Mr. Shattuck has been honored by the Poland 
China Fraternity many times, in being selected as 
a Judge, at the largest. State and National Shows. 
He has been at all times, honest, upright and 
four-square. 

THE' AUTHORS. 



Il 


The Hit 

393201 


Cicotte 

378035 


Two of the Leading Boars 
of the Breed 

They Are TV inner s in the Greatest 
Shows of the Country, 


THE HIT — Was 1st prize Senior Pig, and 
Junior Champion, Iowa State Fair, 1920. 

CICOTTE— Was 1st prize Junior Yearling, 
same show. 

MEDALLION — Was our 1st prize aged sow, 
same show. 


Our herd sows are equally as 
great as our boars. Our entire 
herd is open for your inspection. 
We have pleased many others, 
furnishing them with prize win- 
ning stock. Why not you.^ 

BELL BROS. & WOOD 

Wiota -:- Iowa 



THE HIT 

Junior Champion Boar 

Iowa State Fair, 1920 
The Boar With a Personality 



Our herd is founded upon 
performance. Our sales in- 
dicate approval by the men 
"who care." 

Your wants are carefully 
handled, and every pur- 
chase carries with it our 
personal guarantee. 

When in need of young 
stock, let us tell you about 
ours. Visitors always wel- 
come. 



*'Just ring the bell" 

R. A. BELL, Atlantic, la. 




"Long Lady Timm 269799 and Detector 114020" 

PLEASANT HILL STOCK FARM 

SHENANDOAH - :- IOWA 

Herd Boar is Detector by Designer, out of a 
Gerstdale Jones and Giant Ben bred dam. An 
outstanding individual. 

Brood Sows are by Designer, F's Big Jones, 
Liberator, Fessy's Timm. 

Write me your wants. Satisfaction assured. 

EARL HOWARD, Shenandoah, Iowa 



W.J. Osgood 

SHELDON 

IOWA 

Proprietor of the 

Welworth 
Poland 
Chinas 

Herd headed by 

Welwo,lh Orange 

343195 
Raiolxiw 373373 anct 
Welworlh Clan 428671 



4 


■ 


¥- 


■Ti ^3Si^^^^^l^ 


n 





J. J. Kramer, Sheldon, la. 

Our herd was established in 1906. We have produced several 
notable an-mals' among which are Giant Standard, the sire 
of Grand Master; Right Kind, the sire of Kramer's Kind; 
Kramer's Kind, the dam af The Clansman and the Guardsman. 
What better evidence of our right to solicit your patronage? 
Visit our herd. Correspondence invited. 

J. J. Kramer Sheldon, Iowa 



G. F. RICHARDS, Corning, Iowa 

— Breeder of the — 

Fery Largest of Big Type 

Poland Chinas 



History will reveal our part in 
the breed's progress. Our herd 
has carried nothing but the very 
best in Poland China production. 
From our herd has emanated 
many of the leading show and 
breeding boars. -Our sales will 
indicate the character of our 
business. If you are looking for 
top stuff, that will "carry on" we 
have it. Our prices are reason- 
able. Inspection of the herd al- 
ways welcome. 



Correspondence Given Prompt Attention 



G. F. RICHARDS 

CORNING -:- IOWA 



LIBERTY HEIGHTS HERD 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 

ORANGE PIECE 

"The Sire With a Personality" 




Orange Piece 411681. 

Our herd has been built upon a firm foundation. Nothing but animals of 
unquestioned merit are permitted to remain in the herd. 




Ellsworth's Kind 2d by King Brilliant 2d; dam, Ellsworth's Kind by Big Price. 

Ellsworth's Kind, the grand old sow of many generations 
service, was the foundation sow of our herd. Several of her 
daughters or ancestry are still in our herd. 



LIBERTY HEIGHTS HERD 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 



The Liberty Heights Poland Chinas have always been in keen de- 
mand. Our August 18, 1920 sale averaged $418; October 1920 sale 
averaged $105. And February 1921 sal 
the sows were bred to Orange Piece. 



iveraged $250, twenty-five of 




Yankee Girl by The Yankee; dam, Miss Big Josie by Big Fred. 

The Yankee, known the world over, was selected by us to furthe 
plans in^offering to the public the best there was in Poland Chinas 




Fashion Jane by A's Mastodon; dam, Miss Joe by Biggest Yet. 

We desire to interest you in our superior hogs, strictly by their merits. 
Will you give us the opportunity, that we may both profit thereby? 

Visitors always welcome. Correspondence invited and promptly cared for. 

W. H. ELLSWORTH & SONS 

GOLDFIELD, - - - IOWA 



The Domino Herd 



The Home of the Celebrated 
DOMINO 116522, the boar that 
is mailing them all "sit up" and 
take notice. 



Domino stays right up oti his toes 
Domino has a good arch in his back 
Domino is free from unsightly wrinkles 
Domino is always ready for every meal 
Domino is already acknowledged a sire supreme 
Domino sits holding the double six 
Domino is "The Winner" 



August 14, 1920, sows bred to Domino averaged $520.71 

January 11, 1921, sows bred to Domino averaged $137.00 

February 24, 1921, sows bred to Domino averaged $165.40 

Top sow of these sales bred to Domino was $850.00 

The first 7 sows bred to Domino farrowed 82 pigs 

The first 11 sows bred to Domino farrowed 126 pigs 

The first 50 sows bred to Domino farrowed 517 pigs 



The Domino Herd invites your 
inspection. Come on over, and 
let's talk ii oDer. 



Bert E. McMillan 

BLANCHARD, IOWA 



1^ J 



F. H. RIDGEWAY F. D. HUTCHESON 

RIDGEWAY FARM 

THE HOME OF GHECKMAKER 94520 




Checkmaker (formerly known as Bernice Jones), first prize Junior Yearling 
Iowa State Fair, 1919. Sire, F.'s Big Jones, the Iowa Grand Champion, 1919. 

We contribute our success in the hog business to, having a real boar, 
plus the breeding of Hercules (the litter brother to Disher's Giant), in the 
majority of our sows. We have produced from this mating the following 
noted herd boars: 

Checkers, Constructor, Protector, Check-It. Big Check, King Row, Man 
O' War, Mortgage Lifter, Profit Maker, Checkereno, Giant Check Payer, Re- 
liable Checkers and several others. 

For popularity plus real hog, we can come nearer pleasing you than 
any herd in the West. Give us a trial. 



Ridgeway Farm 



Blanchard, la. 



CEDAR CREST FARM 

DON R. TURNBULL 

Blanchard, Iowa 

Our herd is strictly a "Giantess" bred herd. As such we 

have produced and sold some of the leading boars now 

in service. Our sales have found buyers from many 

states, paying us an average of $500 per head 

for bred sows on August 14, 1920. 

In our herd is CONSTRUCTOR 104554 and PRO- 
TECTOR 110874, both litter brothers to CHECK- 
ERS. We have shipped fall boars sired by these 
boars into ten different states. 

We have also used the following great boars; Moneymaker 
118373, Capt. Lew 96945, Constructor Jr. 118410 and Turn- 
bull's Big Chief 101044. 




'PROTECTOR' 



Visitors Welcome. Stock For Sale 
at all times. 

DON R. TURNBULL ■:- Blanchard, Iowa 



The American 108193 



The Boar that is 
100% Poland China 




The American 



Our herd has been successful winners at the Iowa State Fair, both 
1919 and 1920. We have held several highly successful sales. Aver- 
ages from $60 to $135. Our customers are our best boosters. 



We have young stock for sale at any time. 

Prices are very reasonable. We believe if 

you will give us a trial order for your herd 

boar, you will always be our customer. 

Try us once. 



HARRY B. DUNCAN 



BAGLEY, IOWA 



Valley View Stock Farm 

OWNED BY 
CHARLES W. CARTER, Shenandoah, Iowa 

Herd Headed by 

Yankee Prospect 117498 

We have never held a public auction, being able to dispose 
of all our surplus at private treaty. These have sold at top 
prices, and in other herds have commanded record prices. 

We endeavor to keep in our herd nothing but 
the leading blood lines of the breed. Young 
stock for sale at all times. Prices reasonable. 



CHARLES W. CARTER 

SHENANDOAH -:- -:- -:- 



IOWA 




HENRY DORR 



CHECKIT 

Nothing Larger or Belter 

Our herd is one of the oldest in 
the state. We guarantee satis- 
faction on every sale. We have 
won many premiums at the 
world's largest shows. Stock 
for sale at all times. 

Henry Dorr & Son 

Marcus, Iowa 




WALTER DORR 



CHECKRn.S 


CHECKERS, the breed's most pop- 
ular boar. Now stands 48 inches high 
His sons and daughters are his best 
boosters. 

Visit our herd. You will be pleased 
with the large number of great sows 
in our herd. 

Stock for sale at all times. Prices 
reasonable. 

JIM BLOEMENDAAL 
ALTON, IOWA 



TURNBULL & MILLER 

Blanchard - Iowa 



Among the great boars used in our herd, CHECKIT 104108, 
CHECKMATE 113113 and INVINCIBLE. 

CHECKIT sold in 1920 spring sale for S2000.' Checkit Over 

sold in the same sale for S500. Our bred sow sale, 

February 23, 1921, averaged $128. 

Our herd is one of the strongest "Giantess" bred 
herds in the west. We have young stock for sale at 
all times. A visit to our herd will convince you that 
we have extraordinary hogs, the kind that bring 
added profit to hog production. 



TurnbuU & Miller 

Blanchard (Dee TurnbuU, Mgr. ) Iowa 



W. A. Clark, Farragut, Iowa 

— Breeder of strictly — 

Big ^Type 

POLAND CHINAS 

Your wants carefully handled. We are 
pleasing others, why not you? Prices 
reasonable in comparison to individual 
merit. Call or write. 

W. A. Clark, Farragut, Iowa 



A. A. CHANTLAND 

HUMBOLDT, IOWA 

We have the reputation of having them 
just a little larger. 

Strictly 

Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 

Is Our Hobby 

It was in our herd that the famous 
$18,000 Mabel's Jumbo did service. 
Our herd contains not only his blood, 
but the blood of Chantland's Big 
Bob, Major's Jumbo Jr., Hancher- 
dale Orange and others. 

When Poland Chinas are grown larger, 
we will be among those who helped, 
and many of the big ones will still be 
in our herd. 

Stock for sale at reasonable prices. 

A. A. Chantland, Humboldt, Iowa 



C 2 RANGER 



The Largest Boar of the Breed 



Heads our herd of strictly Bi^ Type 

Poland Chinas 



It was in our herd that: 



Made national 
reputations, 



A Wonder 107333 A, 47460S 

Big Jce 200767 

Fesenmeyer's A Wonder 68397 J- each one being 

Fessy's Timm 256024 "the leader'" in 

F*s Big Jones 320555 J ^'^ '^^y- 

It was from our herd, breeders establishing Big 
Type herds found their largest hogs with finish. 

It was from our herd emanated the celebrated 
"Giantess" boars and sows that are now making 
breed history. 

We are the breeders of the famous Preston's 
Giantess 709644 Htter that have electrified the world. 

What we have done, we can do again. 
We have a herd of breed builders — 
Outstanding Sows and the largest Boar. 
We sell at prices reasonable and fair. 

Visitors ahvays welcome Correspondence invited 

HENRY FESENMEYER & SON 

CLARINDA - IOWA 




A View of Our Farm 

Green Acres Stock Farm 

Farragut, Iowa 

Herd boars in service, Greater Yankee 118711, a grandson of The 
Yankee. Also a son of The Pioneer, a full brother to Liberator and 
Designer. 

We will hold our first public sale on September 10, 1921. We hvae 
always been able to sell our surplus stock at private sale. 

We have a good herd of Shorthorn cattle. Our herds of cattle and 
hogs have l)een successful winners at our county shows. 

Correspondence solicited and given prompt attention. 

GEORGE GRUBER, Farragut, Iowa 



W. J. HEALV 



J. H. HEALY 



J. C. HEALY 



J. H. HEALY & COMPANY 

Breeders of 

Pure Bred Poland China Swine of the Big Type 
MANILLA, IOWA 

r H's Timm 89824 by Fessy's Timm 
Herd Headed by < Col. Bob by Col. Jack 
L Healy's Long Prospect 



COME AND SEE US 



MAIL ORDERS GUARANTEED 




l>K1 KR MOl W 



Peter Mouw & Co. 

Pioneer and Premier 

breeder of 

Bi^ Type Poland Chinas 

We led the way, others 
followed. 

We bred Chief Price 

61S61, the "father" of the 
Big Types. 

We are still in the busi- 
ness. Write your wants. 

Peter Mouw & Co. 

ORANGE CITY, lA. 




STEHPEN DeJONG 



L. R. McGLARNON 

BRADDYVILLE, IOWA 

We Built Securely So As to Last Long 

Our accomplishments in makings breed history have been clue to 
the fact, we have held as important our sow herd as was our herd boar. 
WE BRED 

Ale's Big Orange 293868 

The Yankee 298157 (Sold for $40,000) 

The Pilot 297441 (Grand Champion of the World, 1919) 

The Giant 72083 (Missouri Grand Champion) 

Mankato Wonder 245891 

FOR MANY YEARS OUR HERD WAS HEADED BY— 

Bi^ Orange 145509 

Hercules 232407, litter brother to Disher's Giant 
Mc's Big Orange 293868 

Our herd at present is the blood of these great boars, plus the 
blood of 

CHALLENGER 
one of the greatest and largest boars of the "Giantess" familv. Your 
wants always given prompt attention. Satisfaction assured. 



L R. McClarnon 



Braddyville, Iowa 



Pioneer Chief Price Herd 




JOHN MILLER 



les 329S55 
We sold 4 bred sows for an average of 
February 13. I'Jll. the highest aver 



Surprise 
Miller-! 
Miller-i 

$133 31 



1917 
Ma 



' of our hogs have been heavy winners in the 
demand, commanding top prices. 

JOHN MILLER 

Rock Valley :-: Iowa 



BLOEMENDAAL BROS. 

Orange CHy, Iowa 

Breeders of advance Big 
Type Poland China hogs. The 
individuality and pedigree of 
your herd boar's dam is just as 
important as the character of 
his sire. 

When you buy a herd boar 
from what many pronounce 
THE GREATEST SOW 
HERD OF THE BREED, 
you assure your herd boar the 
right pareri'tage on both sides, 
and insure right type pigs in 
your herd, backed by a concen- 
tration of blood that has been 
making history for many years. 

Stock for sale at all seasons 
of the year. Herd numbers 
over three hundred head. Give 
us a trial. 

BLOEMENDAAL BROS. 

Orange City, Iowa 



WILLIAM A. SCAR 

EARLHAM, IOWA 

MOTTO : We do not allow any l^oar to head our herd, and keep 
no herd sows that are not of the extreme large, high-backed, deep- 
bodied, smooth, heavy-boned. eas\- feeding kind. We will sacrifice 
nothing in picking herd material. 

We have enjoyed a very large business. Our private sale busi- 
ness has almost equaled our catalog sales. \\'e ha\e shipped hogs into 
22 states. 

EVERYBODY'S PICK 430585 IS OUR CHIEF HERD BOAR 

He is assisted by Big Gerstdale Jones 290249, and Consolidation 
444681. 

While we ha\'e had several high averaging sales, we by no means 
price our hogs beyond their worth. Visit our herd. Correspondence 
invited. Mail orders a specialty. 

WILLIAM A. SCAR 
EARLHAM - - [IOWA 



R. J. Yates, Orland, California 

Proprietor of the 

Glenn Chief Herd Poland Chinas 

We came to Glenn County, California in 1917, moving from Nevada. There were no 
herds of Big Types in Glenn County, and my herd soon became known, the result being 
at the present time there are over 25 herds now in the county. We have exhibited at the 
various State Fairs, winning our share of ribbons. My first sale in 1919, averaged .15206. 
In January, 1921, 80 head averaged $7.5.60. My chief herd boar is Yates Big Jones 
113865. Stock for sale at reasonable prices. Visitors welcome. 

R. J. YATES ORLAND. Glenn Co., CALIFORNIA 



JOHN H. BUNTEN Jr., Danville, Indiana 

BREEDER OF 

Big Type Poland Chinas and 
Polled Durham Cattle 

We have one of the leading herds of Poland Chinas in the state. 
Herd is headed by HIGHLANDER 107729 by The Clansman 103903. 
Dam, G's Lady Buster -Ith 221026. This great boar was one of the 
greatest show boars ever exhibited at the Indiana State Fair. 

We have been raising Poland Chinas for over 20 years. We think we 
now have the greatest line up to offer you, in our experience. The blood 
of Giant Buster "The Epoch Maker" flows freely thru our herd, com- 
bined with Titanic Giant and others. 

Our farm is 8 miles west of Danville, and 28 miles west of Indianapolis. 
Visitors we'.come, stock for sale at all times. 

JOHN H. BUNTEN, Jr. 

DANVILLE -:- -:- INDIANA 




—THE 



Sunflower Herd 



OF- 



PHESTON r. DUBACH 



SUPERIOR 
POLAND CHINAS 



B 



VERNON M. DUBACH 



Indiana's Giant 304243...HERD SIRES-Clanster 385243 

We want to know your wants. Something for 
sale at all times. Visitors welcome. 

—OUR SPECIALTIES- 
BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS BIG RED JUICY APPLES 

THE DUBACH RANCH 



WATHENA 



KANSAS 




RIVERVIEW STOCK FARM 

Breeders of Advanced Type Poland Chinas 
Something a little better, we have it. 
Something a little bigger, we have that too. 

The latest and most popular blood lines, fed, bred and priced, to make 
you money. 

When better hogs are raised we will raise them, or buy some. 
Correspondence solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. 



C. S. Rice 



Muscotah, Kansas 



GEORGE-WASHINGTON FARMS 

Radiator can hardly be equaled. He is the supreme Poland 

China Boar." 
Dodd's Invader is the sensation of the times. He is only a 

yearling but is the marvel of all who see him. 
The females of our herd are of the same class. 
Herd boars prospects, and females of the highest class, for 

sale at all times at private treaty. 
J. W. Schmitt GEORGE- WASHINGTON FARMS Mankato, Minn. 

217 



Henry Arens, Jordon, Minnesota 



—BREEDER OF— 

Bi^ Type Poland Chinas 

Our sows are of the very prolific 
strain. We pride ourselves on our 
superior sires. 

Stock For Sale at Reasonable Prices 

You Are Always Welcome 



Henry Arens, Jordon, Minnesota 



Ernest J. Beihoffer, Glencoe, Minnesota 

—BREEDER OF— 

THE LARGE, SMOOTH 

POLAND CHINAS 

A Herd With A Character 

We have satisfied a great many 
others, why not you? Try us for 
up-to-date breeding and individual 
merit. 

Ernest J. Beihoffer, Glencoe, Minnesota 



Beuch Brothers 

Breeders of 

BIG TYPE 

POLAND CHINAS 



Satisfied customers our 
biggest asset. 

We have the hogs, the right 
kind, winners and producers. 

We do our best to please you. 

Stock for sale at prices reason- 
able. 

You are always welcome to 
visit us, make your own selec- 
tions. 



BEUCH BROS. 

Prior Lake _ _ _ Mini 



Martin Johnson & Fred Evenson 

Litchfield, Minnesota 
BREEDERS OF 

MAMMOTH 

Poland Chinas 

T^HE combination of effort 
-■- to fill your wants. We strive 
to please. We do please. 

We employ the most up-to- 
date blood lines in our breed- 
ing operations, thus giving you 
every opportunity to make use 
of our years of experience of 
growing and developing breed- 
ing stock. 

Satisfaction assured with each 
purchase. 

Call on us or write your wants. 

Address 

Martin Johnson & Fred Evenson 

Litchfield, Minnesota 



23 Years as a Breeder oi Poland Chinas 

Our herd produced many of the champions of the 
northwest. We sold the highest price boar in the 
state, Standard Buster 354633, selling for $8,000. Our 
1920 bred sow sale averaged $306, with $1,025 top. 

At the head of our herd is Liberator Bob 378293, 
one of the greatest sons of Liberator. Also using 
Minneapolis Wonder 443336 by Sheldon Wonder, out 
of Buster's Beauty the 1st prize and Junior Champion 
sow. 

Our farm is located si.x miles west of Minneapolis 
on Superior Blvd. Telephone from Minneapolis, 
Orchard 9046W. 

Visitors always welcome. Stock for sale at all times. 
Correspondence invited. 

C. F. GUMMERT 

HOPKINS, - - - MINNESOTA 



A. E. BOSTIC, Pipestone, Minnesota 

—BREEDER OF— 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 

Stock for sale at any time, at prices within keeping of the times. Satisfac- 
tion assured. Best of breeding, correctly grown, to meet the 
demands of farmer and breeder. Write your wants. 



A. E. BOSTIC, Pipestone, Minnesota 



J. M. GLASIER, St. James, Minnesota 

Our herd has been one of the most successful prize 
winning Poland China herds in the Northwest. 
Superior sires and dams head our herd. Mail orders 
given special attention. Visit our farm and make 
your own selections. Boars from our herd are at the 
head of some of the leading herds in the state. 

J. M. GLASIER, St. James, Minnesota 



BUSSE BROTHERS 

STAYTON, MINNESOTA 

Breeders of 

Bi^ Type Poland Chinas 

Herd headed by Hesperian Bob 118055, Busse's Evolu- 
tion 444079, Prospect Giant 366837, The Invincible 
King 327783. 

Our annual sales have been among the highest averaging 
sales of the state. Our herd boars have been winners at 
many of the good shows. We have made selections from 
the most prominent families for our sow herd. 

Visitors welcome. Young stock for sale at all times. 

BUSSE BROTHERS 

(A. F. and A. A.) 

STAYTON, - - MINNESOTA 

THE HESPERIAN HERD OF 

POLAND CHINAS 

One of the leading herds in the state, and the 
original home of Hesperian Wonder 358693. 

At the head of our herd is King Joe's Orange 
430773 by Hesperian Wonder. We also have a son 
of King of Giants, he by Peter the Great. 

Our first sale averaged $201 on 40 bred sows. We 
have been successful winners at the Jackson County 
Fair. 

If you are looking for choice individuals of 
modern type, and at prices that are within reach, 
our address is, 

B. O. RUE 

LAKEFIELD, - MINNESOTA 




JOHN CONZEMIUS & SONS, LEO (rear), GEORGE (right), ALBERT (center) 

PLEASANT VALLEY FARM, POLAND CHINAS 

Herd headed by STANDARD BUSTER 354633 bv Evolution. Winner of 1st 
in class as pig, Indiana State Fair, and 1st Minnesota State Fair 1920. 

Our brood sows represent top breeding and show winning. 

We believe in growing nothing but the best, treat our customers right, and 
showing by our winnings the right to claim a share of your patronage. 

Our customers are our best boosters. 

HASTINGS, MINN. 



JOHN CONZEMIUS & SONS 



BRUGMANN BROTHERS 

WINDOM, MINNESOTA 

Proprietors of 

Hillbrook «««» Echo Grove Stock Farms 

We have one of the largest herds in the state. Our annual 
sales have been among the high averaging sales of the state. 
It was from our herd that the great boar Big Price's Bob 
emanated, going to Converse & Son of Arlington, S. D., 
later to South America and sold there at a record price. 

Our brood sows are of the 800 pound kind. Very prolific. 

Among the great herd boars used in our herd were Long- 
fellow Expansion 81250, Progressive Kind 81257 and Big 
Price Bob 88798. We have in our herd now, Nemesis and 
Nemesis 2d, sons of Col. Price, a first prize boar South 
Dakota; Super Bob and Big Price Bob 2d. 

Young stock for sale at all times. 

BRUGMANN BROTHERS 

(MAX and PETER) 

WINDOM, - - - MINNESOTA 



E. HUPP, Windom, Minn. 

Breeder of Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 



We strive to grow the best, and thus are 
assured of satisfying you. 

Correspondence invited and given 
prompt attention. 



E. HUPP, Windom, Minnesota 



FRED LARSON, Winnebago, Minnesota 

—BREEDER OF SUPERIOR— 



POLAND CHINAS 

ur herd commands attention by virtue of its importance : 

breed improvement. Your wants carefully 

looked after. Prices reasonable. 

FRED LARSON, Winnebago, Minn. 



E. KILAN & SON, Jackson, Minnesota 

—BREEDERS OF MODERN— 

POLAND CHINAS 

o/ the Big Type, Big Litter, kind 

Our herd kept strictly up-to-the-minute in the infusion of 
up-to-date breeding. Write your wants. 

E. KILAN & SON, Jackson, Minn. 




(Our Latch String Hangs Out to All Lovers of Good Livestock) 



WALKERAGRES 

(Established in 1857) 

Poland China Swine 
Holstein-Friesian Cattle 

We do not breed many, but the right kind. 
A visit will convince you. 



Chief herd boar is Colonel Bob, Jr. 
Chief herd bull is King Colantha Ormsby Bess 14th. 



The herd sows are by Big Price's Equal 235239, Big Price 243333 
the Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota and South Dakota Champion 1915; 
World's Grand Champion 1920 Liberator Leader, and 1st prize Junior 
Yearling Liberator Buster, National Swine Show 1920; Black Wonder, 
1st prize aged boar Minnesota 1919, and sons of World's Grand 
Champion Black Price and Winning Timm. 

CHARLES E. WALKER 

GLENCOE, MINNESOTA 



Louis Stifter Howard Lake, Minn. 

Developing one of the leading herds of 

POLAND CHINAS 

in the state 

We are at your service, giving you 
the best in blood, individual merit, 
and at prices at which you can 
make money. 

Louis Stifter Howard Lake, Minn. 



A. C. Martin 




Fairmont, Minn. 




Breeder of Big Type 


POLAND 


CHINAS 


We strive to 


please you. 


Stock for sale at reason- 


able prices. 


Visitors welcome. 11 


A. C. Martin 




Fairmont, Minn. 



Andrew J. Maloney 


Mankato, 


Minn. 


Breeder of Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 




Stock for sale at all times. Satisfaction assured. 
Prices reasonable. \'isitors welcome. 


Andrew J. Maloney 


Mankato, 


Minn. 



James Janovsky, Le Sueur, Minn. 



Our herd is one of the leading herds of 
POLAND CHINAS in the state. We 
have a large patronage from leading 
breeders. Up-to-date breeding only. 



Correspondence solicited 



INSPECTION OF THE HERD WELCOMED AT ANY TIME 

James Janovsky, Le Sueur, Minn. 



JOHN H. HOFFMAN, WILMONT, MINN. 

BREEDER OF 

Big Type Poland Chinas 

Herd headed by Liberator Lad 445511 by Liberator Buster 375555 
the 1st prize Junior Yearling National Swine Show 1920. 

Also, Jumbo Boy 445509 by Smooth Jumbo 360B17 the 1st prize 
Junior yearling, and Grand Champion boar, Minnesota 1920. 

Stock for sale at all times. Visitors welcome. Information given. 

JOHN H. HOFFMAN, Wilmont, Minnesota 



ORCHARD LAWN FARM, POLAND CHINAS 

Home of Clansman Lady 234678, one of the greatest sows produced. 

Boars used in the herd; Designer's Fashion 372757 bv Designer; Master's Giant 314141 
by Grandmaster; Boars now in service; Liberty Buster 372759 bv Liberty Bond, dam by 
Giant Buster; Highstander 428841 by The Leader.. 

Our brood sows are our pride. Daughters of Liberator, Designer, Tlie Clans- 
man, Excelsion, Fashion Master, Mankato Wonder, Orange Bo\-, Big Timm, 
Harrison's Big Bob, Rainbow, Caldwell's Big Bob. 

Stock for sale. Special prices on our 1921 models. 

E. H. HARDERS, :-: Luverne, Minn. 



JAY A. KASPER & SON 

MEDFORD, MINNESOTA 

Proprietors of 

Burr Oak Stock Farm 

Among some of the important boars used in our herds are, 

Long Big Bone 356681 
Burr Oak Wonder 326481 
and Steele County King 412611 

We have been very successful winners at the Steele 
County shows. 

The fall of 1920 we won in the County show: 

1st and Grand Champion on Aged Boar. 
1st and Grand Champion on Junior Yearling Sow. 
1st Aged Herd. 
1st Senior Yearling Sow. 
1st Senior Sow Pig. 
Besides many other ribbons from 2nd to 5th. 



COL. BOB 373127 

By Big Bob 212613, out of Wonder Lucy 652336 by 
Long Big Bone 227069, First Prize Senior Yearling 
Minnesota State Fair 1920, heads our herd. He 
stands 42 inches high, 86 inches long, and weighs 
over 1,000 pounds. 

Stock for sale at all times. We believe in culling 
close and offering nothing but the tops. We 
euarantee satisfaction. 



JAY A. KASPER & SON 

MEDFORD, - MINNESOTA 



BROOKSIDE STOCK FARM 

MODERN BIG TYPE 

POLAND CHINAS 

Herd headed by Brookside Joe, by High- 
land Big Joe. 

Sows in herd by Mc's Big Price, The Big 
Wonder, Col. Price, Standard Chief, Big 
Price, and Return Col. 

We are founding our herd on individual 
merit. They must be producers. We sell 
at prices within reach of everyone. 

LOUIS LOEFFLER 



EAGLE LAKE, 



MINNESOTA 




HILLCREST HERD 

POLAND CHINAS 

BOARS IN SERVICE: 

EQUAL PRICE 373545 by the four times Grand Cham- 
pion Big Price's Equal. 

ROYAL PRICE 325459, a full brother to the National 
Swine Show, 1918, Grand Champion Black Price. 

No sales. Stock sold at private sale. Satisfaction assured. 

EMIL MATSON 

WILLMAR - MINNESOTA 



lAU'S BIG TYPE POIAND CHINAS 

Springdale Liberator by Liberator Buster, and Guardian 

Wonder by Sheldon Wonder, head a herd of choice sows by 
the World's Grand Champion Black Price, Jumbo Bob, Liber- 
ator's Buster, Farver's Ideal, Hancherdale Orange. 

We have several very attractive prospects in this year's 
crop. Prices very reasonable. Satisfaction as- 
sured. Come, write, or phone. 

H. C. LAU, :-: Tracy, Minnesota 



KRITZECK BROS. 

Breeders of iModern Big Type 

Poland Chinas 

JVe have one of the greatest show herds 
of the North and West, 

D'^ D-'^^V l^^^^l WAS 4 TIMES A GRAND 

Dig rrice s tqual champion 



Liberator's Leader 

The World's Grand Champion 1 QOH 

NOW HKAnS OUR HERD l.iJLd\J 



If you want the kind that win and breed on, produc- 
ing the kind that meet the requirements of the 
American Corn-belt Farmer, we have them. 

Prices very reasonable. Mail Orders 
a specialty. Meet us at the Fairs. 

KRITZECK BROS. 

Howard Lake - - Minnesota 



Howard Lake, Minn. 



Space prevents the enumeration of 
our great list of premiums won in the 
strongest competition of the world. 

Our herd has never taken a step back- 
ward; we are going forward. When 
better Poland Chinas are produced 
we will either be in on the "helping" 
or purchase the best specimens. Do 
not forget the 

WORLD'S GRAND 
CHAMPION BOAR 

LIBEBATOB'S LEADER 

Is In Our Herd 

This indicates our ability to 
select for you, herd heading 
material. We guarantee 
each selection and purchase. 

KRITZECK BROS. 

Howard Lake - - Minnesota 



L. A. PETERSON, EAGLE LAKE. MINNESOTA 

ORCHARD LAWN STOCK FARM 

Our Specialty:— Big Type Poland Chinas at Private Sale 




L. A. PETERSONl 
Boars that have helped make this herd a success are: 

Mankato Standard 302541 by Mankato Wonder 245891 
Orange Big Bone 433777 by Mankato Standard 302541 
Typesetter 433779 by St. Paul 357305 (now in service) 
Bonus 447957 by St. Paul 357305. Wonder Bob 433781. 

Good, big, stretchy spring pigs for sale. Satisfaction guaranteed. 

LA. PETERSON - EAGLE LAKE, MINN. 



WALTER PFIRL, Worthington, Minn. 

—BREEDER OF— 

Big Type Poland Chinas 

Stock for sale Write your wants 




ROLLING VIEW STOCK FARM 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 



Herd headed by CHIEF GUARDSM.\N'S WONDER, by The 
Guardsman, out of Mankato Wonder dam. 

My stock have been heavy winners at the local and state shows. 
If you are looking for the big ones, modern in type, at prices 
reasonable, visit our herd. 



GLEN C. MAINE 



Glen C. Maine, Amboy, Minn. 



CREEK VALLEY FARM 



The Pioneer Herd of Poland Chinas 
in Jackson County 

Herd headed by ORANGE PROSPECT 
by Giant Prospect, out of an Orange sow. 

He stands, at 10 months old, 35 inches high. 
64 inches long, heart 55, flank 56. 

We have young stock for sale at any time. 
Visitors always welcome. Our prices are in 
keeping with the times. 

OLE L. LARSON 

HERON LAKE, MINNESOTA 

ED. T. ROGGE, Boyd, Minnesota 

—BREEDER OF— 

POLAND CHINAS 

Of the most Improved Type 
Write Your Wants We Please 



WM. A. SHARP . Winnebago, Minnesota 

— Breeder of Big Type — 

POLAND CHINAS 

Your wants fully satisfied. We give more for the 
money. Try us and see. 

WM. A. SHARP . Winnebago, Minnesota 



W.J.GRAHAM&SONS 



Wavcrly, Minn. 

We show and sell more hogs than any other firm in the Northwest. Our 
herd has always been an outstanding prize-winning herd. We list a Tew of the 
awards. 




W. J. GR/VHAM 



1918 



t prize 


yoiingr 


herd. 






t prize 


>oung 


herd 1 


r.d 


by exhiL 


itor. 










t prize 


get of 


sire. 






t prize 


prortuc 


e of da 


m. 




t prize 


sow p 


g unde 


r 


months. 


rt prize 


sow p 


is und 


-r 6 


months. 


A prize 


boar pig und 


er 6 


months. 


nior Champion sow. 






h D.-ik< 


tn Stat 


e Fair. 


1918 


t prize 


young 


herd. 






t prize 


young 


herd bred 


by exhi 



St prize get of sire. 

St prize produce of dam. 

St prize sow under G fionths. 

nd prize sow pig under 6 months. 

nd prize boar pig under 6 months. 



Shci 



n; 191S 

earling boar. 



•ird prize produce of dam. 
Grand Champion boar. 



1919 



la StH<e Fair, Iflin 

ize young herd. 

ize young herd bred li 

ize Futurity litter. 
ize get of -sire. 
ize produce of dam. 
ize sow under 1 year. 
id 3rd prize boars und; 
a St'.i prize lioars unde 
Kl Bth prize sow pigs 



Swine .Sliotv, 1 

ize Futurity lit 
ze young herd 
ze herd bred b; 
ze get of sire, 
ize produce of : 
ze boar under 1 
d Hh prize boa 



Soiilli Dalvotn State Fair, 1919 

1st prize Futurity litter. 

1st iir!ze young herd. 

1st prize young herd bred by 

1st prize get of sire. 
1st prize produce of dam. 
1st and 2nd prize sows under 
2nd and 3rd prize boars under 



1st and 4th p 

months. 
Jr. Champ, boar 



ize sows unde 
ze boars unde 
ind Jr. Champ. ; 



ortli nnktita State Fair, 1919 

1st prize boar under 6 months. 
1st prize sow under 6 nionths. 



1st pri 



Fair, 1019 

Dar under fi 







1 3 


, 


^ 





THE SONS OF THE FIRM 



LIBERATOR BUSTER, the first prize junior yearling 
of the World, 1920, heads our herd. He is making his 
mark where others left off. 

Watch the reports of the big shows tor 1921 and note the winnings of this 
great boar. 

We have stock for sale at all times. We do a large Mail Order business, 
as well as public sales. We are offering the get of LIBERATOR BUSTER, 
CHEVALIER and THE ELEPHANT. Prices reasonable. Satisfaction guaran- 
teed. Visit our herd. Adjoins the city limits. 

W.J.GRAHAM&SONS 

Waverly, Minn. 



Park Valley Bi^ Type Poland Chinas 

Our Herd Carries the Leading Blood Lines 




A. J. SPARKS 



STACY H. SPARKS 



BOARS IN SERVICE are 
Rainbow Bob 404293, a 
line bred Big Bob, weigh- 
ing about 1000 pounds in 
breeding condition. 

Park Valley Liberator 
113111 by Liberator. An 
outstanding yearling with 
lots of pep. 

Clansman Giant 424S8S, a 
grandson of The Clans- 
man and Korver's Orange 
Wonder. Stands 43 inches 
bigh as a yearling. 

High Check by Checkers, 
a very promising pig. 



Our brood sows are daughters of the following boars: The Clansman, Liberator, 
Liberator Buster, The Elephant, Checkers, Orange Boy, Korver's Orange Wonder, 
Long Wonder, Big Price Bob, Wisconsin Orange, D's Giant, Rainbow Bob and Park 
Valley Liberator. 

YOUNG STOCK FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES 



A. J. Sparks & Son 



Lakefield, Minn. 



FOREST L, WILLIAMS 

ELYSIAN, MINN. 
Breeder of Big Type 

Poland Chinas 



Herd headed by the very latest in blood 
lines. We have size and finish demanded 
by the modern pork producers and 
breeders. 

Address 
FOREST L. WILLIAMS 



ELYSIAN 



MINNESOTA 



JOHN REESE 

CLARKSFIELD 

Minnesota 

BREEDER OF THE 

Large Utility 

Poland Chinas 

The kind that get big and 
are quick maturing. Our 
hogs are making money 
for many others; they will 
for you. 

We have something for 
sale at all times at prices 
that are reasonable and 
fair. 

Visitors welcome. Correspond- 
ence invited and given prompt 
attention. 

JOHN REESE 

CLARKSFIELD MINNESOTA 



Thirty-five Years a 
Breeder of 

Poland Chinas 

In Minnesota 



Our herd has been the fountain head for many herds o"" 
the state and the northwest. We have made the production 
of good Poland China breeding stock the leading factor of 
our farming operation. 

Such boars as the following, will be remembered by many 
as leading sires of the state, used in our herd; Mollie's Jum- 
bo 244203, Goliath Chief 244199, Long Joe's Equal 361681, 
Long Black Joe 265491, A Big Wonder 196369, Silkey's 
Longfellow 184967, Square Jumbo 210475, Long Black Jones 
210473, Chief Wonder 131479. 

AT PRESENT WE HAVE 

Lakeview Giant 416827 Goliath Buster 431481 
Rainbow Jr. 431483 

Lakeview Giant is a massive boar weighing close to 1000 
pounds as a two year old. Stands on a eleven inch bone, 
44 inches high, and over 7 feet long. He is a full brother to 
the Sioux City Inter-State Grand Champion 1920. 

Breeding Stock For Sale Thruout the Year 

Correspondence Invited. Visitors 

Always W^elcome 

L. T. SILKEY & SON 

Smith's Mill, Minn. 



ySTM. >VIEST 

Le Sueur, Minnesota 



25 



YEARS A BREEDER IN 
MINNESOTA 



We have used boars in our herd from the Tecumseh's, Meddlers, 
Thickset's and other medium type hogs, but for the past fifteen years 
have had nothing but the very largest of Big Types. 

Matchless Expansion 257821 by Dorr's Expansion; and Minnesota 
Long Price 311579 by Big Price's Equal [four times a Grand Champion] 
head my herd. They are boars of unusual high character. 

We sell at private sale, and guarantee to please 
our customers. If you want the big ones with 
quality, and at prices reasonable, address, 

WM. WIEST, - Le Sueur, Minn. 



BEN VASKE - Windom, Minn. 

— Breeder of Modern — 

POLAND CHINAS 

Stock for sale. Visitors welcome. 
Satisfaction assured. 

BEN VASKE - Windom, Minn. 



Sonnicksen's Poland Chinas 

Are the kind to tie to. We can 
fill your orders for the big, long, 
stretchy ones. 

F is iters welcome 

Lloyd W. Sonnicksen - Winnebago, Minn. 



STEEL^S POLAND CHINAS 

The big, prolific utility kind that make 
money for the grower. We have the 
leading blood lines in our herd and 
can supply your wants. 



D. J. STEEL 



Mankato, Minn. 



F. A. LANE, Independence, Missouri 

—BREEDER OF— 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 

FOUNDATION SOWS BY 

FESSY'S TIMM, BIG BOB WONDER, BLUE VALLEY 

We own the Grand Champion Sow of Oklahoma 1920. 
Young stock for sale at all times. Farm near town on rock road. 

F. A. LANE -> -:- Independence, Missouri 




ARCHIE T. ANDERSON 

\ isitors always welcome. 



ARCHIE T. ANDERSON 

ST. JOSEPH, MISSOURI 

■ — The Home of — 

Cook's Liberty Bond 



One of the greatest boars that ever lived. 
He sires a type all of his own. He trans- 
mits outstanding individuality, breed 
character, and type. 

Our sow herd is equally as important. 
We have daughters of 

W's Giant The Giant 

Liberator The Clansman 
Surprise Prospect 

Sows with Great Size and Uniformily. 



Farm five miles from heart of the city. Ap- 
pointments met. Address 



ARCHIE T. ANDERSON 



ST. JOSEPH 



Route No. 4 



MISSOURI 




Leonard Farm 

The "RADIUM" 

of the 



POLAND CHINA WORLD 



From its conception, there has not been a "hitch" 
in the progress of this herd. Many outstanding 
herd boars and their offspring are a living testimony. 

Model Big Bob 274935; Master Orphan 272297 
(one of the first big-type boars to command as much 
as $1,000) ; Big Tones 276531, litter brother to F.'s 
Big Jones; King"Ben 276533; A Buster 294253, first 
prize Senior Yearling; Disher's Big Defender 312379 
sold for $5,000; are a few of the testimonials. 

In our herd now are two of the greatest boars of 
the breed, W.'S GIANT 251175, TARZAN 429339. 

Our herd is a producer of show-winning animals. 
In the 1920 National Swine Show classic we won 
the following premiums: 

First prize Junior boar pig. Freckles 416333: 
third, fourth and fifth, premium Junior gilts; Prin- 
cess 104546, Fashion Princess 104542, and Liberty 
Princess 104544. 

First premium. Young Herd farrowed property of 
exhibitor. 

Second, Get of Sire, Produce of Sow, and Young 
Herd. 

Our sow herd is equally as strong as the boar 
herd. We own the following celebrated brood sows : 

Jannie Buster, Princess Pat, Mary Pickford, 
Titanic Mildred, Josie's Giantess, Giant Lady. De- 
fender's Lunker, Lady Big Defender. 

From the pages of History of the Breed, will be 
gleaned the names and information of the great 
sows we have used in our herd. 

Visitors always welcome. 



SOL L. LEONARD 



Route No. 4 



ST. JOSEPH, MO. 



PARKD ALE'S 

PROLIFIC POLAND CHINAS 

PARKDALE FARM 
INDEPENDENCE - MISSOURI 

My great show and breeding herd is located only 
twelve miles from the heart of Kansas City east on 
the National Old Trails Highway. Paved road all 
the way out. I am always pleased to have visitors 
and will meet you in the city by appointment. 
Something for sale at all times and satisfaction ab- 
solutely guaranteed or money refunded. I make a 
specialty of delivering pedigrees promptly. I am 
devoting my entire attention to the mail order and 
private sale business and at conservative prices. 
Write for prices and descriptions. All correspond- 
ence cheerfully and promptly answered. 

J. R. Adams ITl Independence, Mo. 



Capps The "Climax" 

eacli season on having one of the best grown and developed sale offer- 
ings of the state. 

There is a reason, we ha\c nothing but the best, and try to keep 
them that wa}-. Good blood likes good feed and good care. \Ve stri\'e 
to give them all. 

For this season's trade (1921 and 1922) we offer the folloviiig 
blood lines and ages. 

Spring litters by: 

W.'s Giant, King Kole, Cook's Liberty Bond, Masterpiece, The 
Guide, Harrison's Big Bob, Lil's Clansman. 

They are out of daughters of: 

Long Joe, Disher's Giant Again, Fessy's Timm, Ott's Big King. 
Checktaker. Big Bob. Gerstdale Monster, Giant Buster. 

We have a great bunch of spring and fall yearlings by .Master- 
piece, Harrison's Big Bob. Yankee Boy, The Phenom. Coupon, 
Fessy's Timm, Pickford's Liberator, Revelation, Emancipator. 

Our farm adjoins the city limits. Interurban to and from Kansas 
City every hour. Watch the leading Poland China Magazines for 
sale announcements. 

Ernest L. Capps Liberty, Mo. 



LIBERATOR The worlds Premier Boar 



Winnings of the Get of 

LIBERATOR 

AT THE 

National Swine Show, 1920 



Record of a Few of the So«s Pur- 
chased in My Bred Sow Sales, 
Bred to Liberator 



FASHION GIRL 210444, dam of LIBERATOR, 

wintersale for $17,200, to F K 

Mo. Mr. McDermand 



McDerjuand, Kan 



t^rst on junior bDar pig. 
Second on junior yearling sow. 
Third, fourth and fifth on junior sow pi 
l-'irst on aged lierd. 

Fir.st, second and fourth on herd bred or 
r e.\hibitor. 
First, second and fourtli on get of sire 
First, second and fourth on young herd. 
First, second and fifth on produce of dam 
Junior champion boar. 
Grand champion boar. 



Six Super Sires Produced and Sold 

by Us That Broke (he State 

Records of Six Different 

States as Untried Boars 

,J}}^y^'^}'^iP^- ""Ifh, 1919, son of LIBER- 
;1T*JK and Buster's Best, "Queen of Polands." 
ntroduction to breedi 



m in my October 

rld's record price of $8,700. 

their sale at Kans'is Citv, 
brought an average of $1,045 
.s since been refused for ! 
ae junior yearUng at National .Swine .Show 



to Winn & Moore tor 

bred to 

January 19. 



the choice pigs in Fashi 
r. I sold him to E. A. Wiggers. I 
rs' fall sale he sild fourteen head t 
' 'ilege for January litters, t 
averaged over $1,200 eacl 
Lnd making Mr. Wicgers 
ive the cost of The Pionee 



liart Willi The 






Jones, this last 
,000 for The Ca- 
CHANTICLEER is owned 



"t* to The I'ioneer. was 
D. Jones, Atkins, Iowa. 
)0. In Mr. Jones' 
bred to The Cavalif 
_each. and two spring gilts bre( 
'*''"'" respectively 






nith. 



Flandreau. 

sold his dam, G's Bis Liz. in my 1919 bred sow 
sale, to Frank Ryan, Plankington. .S. D.. for $.t2.". 
She raised Mr. Rvan an outstanding litter of six 
that he sold in his sale the fall of 1919 for $13.- 
375. Chanticleer going to Mr. Smith at $fi.60O. 
In Mr. Smith's February sale this year. 8ows bred 
to him averaged $876 each. On the strength of 
this great litter. Mr. Ryan was able to sell G's 
Hig I,iz, the dam of Chanticleer, for $5,000 at 
private treaty. 

LIBERATOR Bl'STER is a litter mate to 
REVELATION, and sold in my October sale to 
W. J. Graham & Son, Howard Lake. Minn., for 
$6,100. Mneteen head of sows and gilts in their 
sale held January 31. 1920, bred to Liberator 
Buster, averaged $637 each, and the top of the 
sale. $4,050, was paid for one of them. Mr. 
Graham declares Liberator Buster to be the great- 
est boar he has ever had at the head of his herd 
during his many years of business. This great 
yearUng ivas first prize junior yearling boar, and 
was picked for grand chamiwon boar by many, at 
the National, 1920. 

SUPREMOS has demonstrated the breeiling 
nbihty of the sons of LIBERATOR in the herd of 
R. A. Welch & Sons. Red Oak. Okla. In their 
winter sale, February 17, 1920. twenty-three sows 
and gilts were bred to Supremus and sold for an 
average of $381 each. Mr. 



.T^S"?'' I-.'i^?;TI^'^S 3d sold bred to LIBER- 
ATOR for $11,300 to Colvert Brothers, O.xford, 
Indiana. They sold her htter when six months 
old, for over $15,000 cash. 

BUSTER'S GEM sold for $2,300 to Ira Gar- 
her Fairview. Mo. He sold her htter by LIBElt- 
ATOk at six months of age for close to $5,000 
and retained the top boar pig to head his herd. 

G.'S BIG LIZ 222774 sold for $550 to Frank 
R>an, Plankington, S, D. Mr. Rvan .sold her lit- 
ter of si.x in his fall sale for a TOTAL OF $13,- 



for a TOTAL 



Wis. Mr. Wrigley sold 

;r a TOTAL OF $4,775. 

(Mr. Scotter informed me that Miss King was the 
only sow in that great herd not for sale at any 

BUSTER CHIEFESS sold for $1,450 to Ora 
W. Mead, North Henderson, la. Mr. Mead sold 
three boars in his fall sale from her for $4,800. 
(Mr. Mead retains the choice boar in his herd 
and has refused tempting offers for him.) 

MAY WONDER 212524 sold for $500 to Hen- 
derson & Beatty, Sharpsville. lnd. They sold her 
litter by LIBERATOR in their fall sale for a 
TOTAL OF $4,120. 



for a TOTAL of $4,075. 



TOTAL OF $3,890. 



1919, sale for a general average of $2,100 each; 
114 spring pigs by LIBERATOR sold in olght dif- 
ferent states for a total of $118,325, an average 



I am sure that the above concrete facts give 
an. pie proof of the popularity of this blood — a 
popularity which has been earned by merit. What 
the sons of LIBERATOR have done for others they 
will do for you. Your opportunity ' 



the 






Glenwells Poland Chinas 

LH. GLOVER, Owner 

Office 600 Vic(or Building 

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI 
Farm at GRANDVIEW, MO. 



THE LEADER TIIF fl/ARK^ LIBERATOR BUSTER 

by Cook's Liberty inti li/Ji^AI4»3 by Liberator-Wonder 
Bond. "The Land of a Million Smiles" Buster. 

Our sow herd is one of the best in the state. Sired by Giant Buster, Big Liberty Loan, 
Wonder Buster, Liberator, Cook's Liberty Bond, Clansman, Harrison's Big Bob, Wedd's 
Long King, The Pioneer. 

We made the highest average on pigs, ever sold in the South. We grow them just a 
little larger, and just a little better, is the reason. 

We are willing to ship on approval. Prices right. Satisfaction assured. 

MAPLE WAY FARMS, Falrview. Missouri 

J. W. HOOPS J. O. HAMMONS IRA A. GARBER 



We are not the oldest breeders in the state, but s 
coming to the front mighty fast, as breeders of the 
are bringing our herd unusual attention. 

BELMONT CLANSMAN HI-JACKER 

By By 

The Clansman out of Belmont Jewell. C 2 Ranger out of Titanic Lady 

The brood sows we are reserving in our herd are a tried and proven selection. 
They are by Dominator, Prairie Giant. King Joe, Timm Wonder, Giant Disher, 
Giant Senator and Disher's Giant Again. 

Visitors welcome at any time. Correspondence promptly answered. 

RUSSELL B. YOUNG - - HOLLIDAY, MO. 



JAMES Y. BRANHAM. PARIS, MISSOURI 

An exceptionally richly-bred and well-developed herd of Poland Chinas. 
Not the product of one good boar, but the combination of several World 
Renown Boars, mated to equally as important bred sows. We have litters, 
By Dominator. out of a daughter of The Yankee. 
By Peter Pan. out of a daughter of Disher's Big Defender. 
By Wonder Buster, out of a daughter of Smooth Joe. 
By Disher's Giant Again, out of a daughter of Harrison's Big Bob. 
By Columbian Giant, out of a daughter of Denny's Giant. 
By Superior Giant, out of a daughter of Disher's Giant Again. 
By Tarzan, out of a daughter of W.'s Giant. 
By Checkers, out of a daughter of W.'s Giant. 
We try to please you, in providing the right kind of an animal, and selling 
at a price within reach of any man. 

JAMES Y. BRANHAM, PARIS, MISSOURI 



James D. Reid & Son 

MASTER'S MODEL BOB 291235 

Nebraska's Grand Champion, 1918 
HEADS OUR HERD 

Among the prominent boars used in our herd are the following: Col. Jack 
Again by Col. Jack; Expansion Sure by Expansion Again; Big Chief Jones by 
Bloemendaal's Big Chief; Reid's Expansion by Dorr's Expansion; Ensign Timm 
by Designer; Man O' War by Designer. 

Jumbo's Beauty 564300, our great producing sow, at five years of age, 
weighed 918 pounds, and at seven years has another litter at side. We have 
the largest of big types. 

JAMES D. REID & SON, Wakefield, Nebr. 



CARMAN & SON'S 

Pola nd Chinas 

Prize Winners in 
the largest shows 

Herd headed by 

THE HIJACKER 88546 

By Gerstdale Monster, out of Long 

Lady by Big Orphan 2d, The 

Second Prize aged hoar 

Nebraska State Fair 

1920 

Our herd has used only top 
boars and sows, and can 
offer you the best in Po- 
land Chinas. Our prices 
are most reasonable. Vis- 
itors welcome. 

J. L. Carman 6i Son 

COOK - NEBRASKA 



LOUIS J. VOSS 

EMERSON, NEBRASKA 

Breeder of the large, smooth, easy feeding 

Poland Chinas 

Stock for sale — Visitors welcome. 

LOUIS J. VOSS 

EMERSON - NEBRASKA 



SMITH BROTHERS 

SUPERIOR, NEBRASKA 

Our herd is one of the oldest in the state. 
Our father, Albert Smith, was one of the 
pioneer breeders We have only taken it 
up where he left off. History will show we 
have been among the foremost breeders in 
the keeping of a strictly up-to-the-minute 
herd, and have sold many of the prize win- 
ning and substantial herd heading material 
in the state. We are still at your service. 

SMITH BROTHERS 

Superior - - Nebraska 



GRANDVIE W STOCK FARM 



HERD FOUNDED IN 1903 




ROBERT A. SCHUG, COLERIDGE, NEBRASKA 



Among the leading boars used in my lierd arc the 
following: 

Schug's Great Orphan 216263; Schug's Timm 
243867 by Big Timm; Bob's Quality 3d 281495 an 
outstanding show boar. 

We now have BRIGHT RAINBOW 418455 to 
head our herd. He is a great rhassive boar, richly 
bred, and is proving an outstanding sire. 

My herd has been very successful in the show 
rings of the big shows. We won Grand Champion- 
ship Sow 1910, Grand Champion Boar 1911, and 
Grand Champion Sow 1918, at the Interstate Fair, 
Sioux City, Iowa. 

Breeding stock for sale at all times. 



ROBERT A. SCHUG 

COLERIDGE, - NEBRASKA 



Roberts Brothers 

Pierce, Nebr. 

Breeders of Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 

We maintain one of the leading 
herds in Nebraska. The blood of 
the following boars flow freely 
thru our herd. 

Imperial Buster 

by Giant Buster, the "Epoch Maker" 

The Comet 

an excellent son of The Clansman, 
out of a daughter of Big Buster. 

King Clansman 

by The Big Clansman, out of a 
daughteT of Iowa King's Best. 

Write us your wants 

Roberts Bros., Pierce, Neb. 



H. L McKelvie & Sons, Fairfield, Nebr. 

BREEDER OF BIG, PROLIFIC 
POLAND CHINAS 

At Present We Are Using 

Mc's Col. Bob 

an outstanding son of the Grand Champion Crofton's 
Col. Bob by the World's Grand Champion, Caldwell's 
Big Bob. 

He is assisted by 

Big Bob's Equal 

By Smooth Jones, from a Big Bob dam. 

We have made a specialty of mail orders, shipping 
hogs to nearly every state of the Union. We have 
supplied a great many Pig Clubs, having over three 
hundred spring pigs each year from which to make 
selections. 

Our sow herd carries the blood of Mc's Masterpiece, 
Big Timm, Jumbo Jr., Big Price and others. 
Remember, we specialize on mail orders. Address 

H. L McKelvie & Sons, Fairfield, Nebr. 



Joseph V. Martinek, Dodge, Nebr. 

Breeder of Modern 

POLAND CHINAS 

Let us know what you 
want. We can fill the 
bUl 

Joseph V. Martinek, Dodge, Nebr. 



John Crofton & Son 

Breeders of 

Champion Poland Chinas 




CROFTON'S <OLO\KL, BOB 300103 

Senior and Grand Champion Boar, 1919 Nebraska State Fair; Senior and Orar 
Champion, Kansas State Fair. 191?; Second Aged Boar, National Swine Show. 191 



We grew and developed this wonderful boar, Crofton's 
Colonel Bob 306105, and showed him, weighing 1,150 pounds, 
;d the Nebraska State Fair in 1919, winning Senior and Grand 
L'hampionship honors in tlie greatest class ever show n at any 
Nebraska State Fair. Old breeders pronounced him the 
greatest individual ever show n at Lincoln. He was the longest, 
tallest and heaviest boar for his age, being only 29 months old 
when shown. The great brood sows that we have retained 
in our herd sired by him proves his ability as a super sire 
and are ndfnired by al! who see them for their great size and 
fiualitv. 



We have at the head of our herd the great young boar, 
The ^■.•lnkec Boy 380287. one of the largest, smoothest and 




JOHN CROFTON 



VERNON CROFTON 



greatest breeding sons of the noted boar. The Yankee 29S157. 
Pigs sired by The Yankee Boy 380287 from dams by the 
Grand Champion Crofton's Colonel Bob 306105, are the best 
that we have produced during the 21 years that we have been 
in the business. In our October 20, 1920 sale we made the 
third highest average in the state for the fall sale season of 
1920, and boars and gilts in this sale sired by The Yankee Boy 
from dams sired by Crofton's Colonel Bob were responsible 
for the high average made in that sale. 

Our herd sows are sired by such noted boars as Crofton's 
Colonel Bob, The Yankee, Check Maker, Big Timm, Designer, 
Greater Omaha, McCoy's Big Wonder. The Avalanche and 
Best Buster. 

We are still living on the Old Homestead. C1V2 miles north- 
west from Dorchester that Uncle Sam gave my father 51 
years ago. We are building up a great herd of Poland Chinas 
and expect to remain in the business as long as wc are able 
to feed one old sow. Respectfully yours. 



JOHN CROFTON & SON 
Dorchester, Neb. 



Lundquist Poland Chinas 



At your service for the large, 
useful kind. We are pleasing 
our customers. We have some 
extra choice young stock for sale. 



OIop Lundquist - Oakland, Nebr. 
WIEBE'S MAMMOTH 

POLAND CHINAS 

Our herd is among the foremost in the 
state. We make an effort to raise the 
kind that make the money, not the noise 
If you are in need good thrifty breeding 
stock, bred right, grown right, and priced 
right, this herd is the place you are look- 
ing for. 

Address 

G. A. WIEBE & SONS 

BEATRICE - - NEBRASKA 



BLUE RIDGE HERD 

—OF BIG TYPE— 

POLAND CHINAS 



—HERD HEADED BY— 

Nebraska King 434337 

We bred the 1920 Nebraska Grand Champion Jumbo 
Timm 312527. 

Our brood sows are among the leading sows in 
the state. We have size with a reasonable 
amount of quality. Mail orders carefully 
handled, and satisfaction fully assured. : : 

G. A. KISSINGER 

MILFORD -:- -:- -:- NEBRASKA 



VON FORELL BROS. HERD 

CHESTER, NEBR. 

large Type jlic Ncbfaskan 

Poland Chinas "'""™'' By m Yankee 

(The Greatest Boar We Have Yet Owned) 
Conservative improvement by careful line breeding on known foundation. 
A good herd to keep in touch with. Sell at auction and privately. 



JACOB ETMUND, Roca, Nebraska 

Breeder and Showman of 
the most improved type of 

POLAND CHINAS 

Your wants are given the most careful attention. Our herd has produced 
a great many prize winners. 

CALL ON US, OR WRITE 

JACOB ETMUND, Roca, Nebraska 



B. Hutchison, Silver Creek, Neb. 

ALWAYS AT YOUR SERVICE 

When interested in 

POLAND CHINAS 



• Visit us. Make your own selections, 

j or if entrusted to us we will guarantee 

I satisfaction. 



B. Hutchison Silver Creek, Neb. 



John King, Albion, Neb. 

Breeder of Big Type 

POLAND 
CHINAS 



Your wants carefully handled Satisfaction 
assured 

JOHN KING ALBION, NEB. 



WARD SMITH'S 

POLAND CHINAS 

A Growing Herd---A Live Herd 

We keep up with the times. We satisfy 
our customers. If you need a boar, a 
few choice gilts or a bred sow, we can 
supply you the kind you want, and at 
prices reasonable. 

Ward Smith Ithica, Neb. 



Thompson's Poland Chinas 

Striving always to keep the kind you want 
for you at the time you want them. Satis- 
faction assured. Best of breeding. 

L B. Thompson Friend, Neb. 



JOHN D. HOLLIDAY Orchard, Nebr. 

Our herd is the pioneer herd of Northwestern Nebraska. Chief herd boar 
is, The Pinnacle 389537 by Liberator, out of Bell Buster. We have recently 
added Checkerator, a son of Checkers. 

We have shipped hogs into nearly every state. Our public auctions have 
been most successful, averaging as high as $156. We are striving to grow 
better hogs each year, and always have on hand surplus animals of the very 
highest type. Priced reasonable. Satisfaction guaranteed. 

JOHN D. HOLLIDAY Orchard, Nebr. 



L. L. Hensley & Son 

Central City, Nebraska 
BREEDERS OF 

BIG TYPE 

POLAND CHINAS 

Our herd is large and ade- 
quate to meet your re- 
quests. 

We welcome visitors. 

Mail orders are carefully 
handled. 

You will find we have one 
of the most up-to-date 
herds in the state. 

Address 

L.L. HENSLEY & SON 

CENTRAL CITY, NEB. 



Hugo H. Olson, Stromsburg, Nebraska 

Not the most, but the best 

We are trying each year to build our herd just a Httle stronger. 
We are very well satisfied to invite your inspection and patronage. 

BOARS IN SERVICE 

r The Rainbow 

Bright Rainbow I 329731 

418455 I Orange Blossom 

[ 595202 

\ Schug's Timm 
Rainbow Timm J 243867 

444743 I Miss Buccaneer 




725118 



HUGO H. OLSON 



Our brood sow herd is made up of the 

blood of Designer, Big Bob, 

and Big Timm. 



HUGO H. OLSON 

STROMSBURG Polk County NEBRASKA 

A. G. MOUNTS, Schuyler, Nebraska 

Proprietor of 

GRAYSON PLACE HERD of POLAND CHINAS 




sale only. Write 



A. G. MOUNTS, SCHUYLER, NEBRASKA 



The DESIGNER 
HERD 

Unparalleled In Its Achievements 

30 Years Breeding 
POLAND CHINAS 

Herd Headed by DESIGNER 93699, the Boar Wonder 

Our herd is one of the very oldest herds in the West. 
We began early to make the State Fair each year with 
a string of our best. From this method our sales in- 
creased with our ability to win the Champions. We have 
won or are directly responsible in winning five Grand 
Championship boars, BIG VICTOR, BIG MISCHIEF. 
COLOSUS, KING'S HADLEY and BIG URSUS. 

Our herd has always been a heavy winner wherever 
exhibited. We have probably bred and exhibited more 
first prize winners at the Nebraska State Fair than any 
other herd in the state. 

The greatest stroke in our success, was in the pur- 
chase, November 6, 1919 of Designer, for the world's 
record price, $30,000, cash. No boar has ever so clearly 
demonstrated the genuine ability of a true sire, as did 
DESIGNER. 

D. C. LONERGAN & SONS 




fes5S?-i!;.^j;Sgw 



DESIGNER. The Marvelous 



The public is the best critic. They were equally as 
positive that Designer was an unparalleled sire. 

January 17, 1920, fifty sows averaged $1,375 

Augufet 17, 1920, forty sows averaged $ 508 

These are state records for winter and summer sales. 

From August 1, 1919, to March 1, 1921, 220 head of 
sows bred to Designer have sold at public auction for an 
average of $757.75, a total of $166,705.00. 

Our verdict after 30 years raising Poland Chinas is to 
pick a DESIGNER. They will win. 

There are more sons of Designer in service in Nebraska 
in advertising herds than those of all other boars com- 
bined. "A Good Sign." 

There will be more Designers shown at the Nebraska 
State Fair, 1921, than any other strain. Another over- 
whelming evidence of merit. 

This herd has been, and is ready at any time to furnish 
any good farmer with high-class breeding stock at a 
figure he can easily reach. 



lorence Sta. ,Omaha,Neb. 



Olson 


's Poland Chinas 






Mammoth 


in size 








Strong in prolificacy 








Keen in d 


smand 








Satisfaction 


assured 




John 


Olson 


Shickley, 


Neb. 



HARPER PETERSON 

Gresham, Neb. 

Breeder of Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 

We won 1st prize senior yearling sow, 
Nebraska State Fair, 1920, on Daisy P. 
274629 by Nebraska Leader, out of 
Daisy Spot by the grand champion, 
Spots Wonder. 

Stock for sale at all times. Visit us. 

Harper Peterson Gresham, Neb. 



JAMES W. HUTCHINSON 

ELGIN, NEBRASKA 




JAMES W. HUTCHINSON 

Breeder of the Big Mellow kind with lots of size and substance. We 
have made a specialty in prolificacy apd our sows farrow extra large 
even litters. 

Why not buy your herd boar from a herd that pays attention to 
these very necessary requirements of modern Polandj^Chinas. Our 
prices are very reasonable, and satisfaction assured. 

JAMES W. HUTCHINSON 

ELGIN, - - NEBRASKA 



J. C. Mor ford's 

Poland Chinas 

We keep the best, grow 
the best, and sell the best. 
How do we do it? Let 
us show you. 

J. C. Morford 

Beaver Crossing - Nebraska 



H. C. McGATH & SON 

AMES, NEBR. 

Herd established in 1891, Merrick County, Nebraska. 

Have been an exhibitor at the Nebraska State Fair for 21 years. 
Always winning the top placings of the show. 

Success has been ours in the sale rings. We have held two sales 
each year for 21 years. On February 11, 1919, we made an average 
of $261 on 50 head. On January 9, 1920, we made an average of $490 
on 50 head. 

From 1898 to 1902, Equality Chief 43363 by Chief Tecumseh 2d 
was our herd boar, and he did much to bring size into our herd. 
As time went on, we used in our herd many of the largest boars 
ever in service in the state. At present we have the invincible son of 
The Clansman, THE AVALANCHE 352551. ably assisted by BEST 
BUSTER 315325 by Giant Buster. 

We deeply appreciate the honorable treatment received from the 
many hundreds of patrons that have been ours to serve. 

H. C. McGATH & SON Ames, Nebr. 



T. J. MARSHALL 

GREENWOOD, NEBR. 

We have always kept our herd up-to- 
the-minute in up-to-date blood lines. Our 
sow herd has been noted for its size and 
prolificacy. 

We have been successful winners at our 
State Show. 

If you want a choice boar or a few 'gilts, 
we can supply you at prices very reason- 
able. 

T. J. MARSHALL 

Greenwood - Nebraska 



—THE HOME OF— 

PAUL JONES 

THE 1180 LB. MARVEL 

We have been raising Poland Chinas for many years. We 
were one of the owners of old LONG WONDER 169495 that 
was the largest boar in Nebraska during his life. NEBRASKA 
BOB 248873 by Big Bob has proven one of the greatest boars 
we ever owned. PAUL JONES 313771 is the largest boar 
we ever owned, weight 1180 lbs., National Swine Show 1920. 

Our herd has been successful in the large shows of the country. Our 
sales have been very successful. We always strive to raise nothing but the 
best, and these have been appreciated by our many hundreds of patrons. 

We have recently added the great young boar NEBRASKA CHECK 
437653 by Checkmaker, to assist in our herd. We have young stock for 
sale at all times. Farm adjoins city limits. Best of railroad service. 

EDWARD DIFFEY & SON 

NORTH BEND -:- -:- NEBRASKA 



The SUPERIOR Mid 

—OF— 

BIG TYPE POLAND CHINAS 

The Best of the Best Blood Lines always for 
sale. We win our share of Prizes at the Fairs. Herd 
is now headed by 

TALKER 356473 

First Prize Junior Pig, Topeka 1919 
VISITORS ALWAYS WELCOME 

J. DEE SHANK - Superior, Nebr. 



R. C. Johnson Mead, Neb, 



Breeder of Strictly 
Big Type, Up-to-Date 

POLAND CHINAS 



We have one of the leading 
herds in the state. Our prices 
are very conservative. 

Popular 
Blood Lines 

Visitors welcome. 

Correspondence solicited and 
given prompt attention. 

Address 

R. C. Johnson Mead, Neb< 



WM. EIDAM & SON 

Fremont, Neb. 



Breeders of the Only Strictly American 
Breed of Swine 



POLAND CHINAS 



We have a very select herd 
carrying the blood of the 
breed's most noted boars and 
sows. 

Our aim is to grow the best, 
and sell the best, thus satisfy- 
ing our ambidon and giving 
to the purchaser an improve- 
ment in his breeding stock. 

We soHcit your patronage. 

Come and see the herd. 

WM. EIDAM & SON 

Fremont, Neb. 



A. H. LEACH 



The man that is smart is 
the man who buys when 
everyone else wants to sell. 
We can show you many 
reasons why it would be to 
your advantage in the se- 
lection of one of our popu- 
lar bred, big type 

POLAND CHINAS 



They are among the largest 
and smoothest we have 
seen. We use only the very 
best in our production. They 
must be the very best to re- 
main in our herd. 



Blair, Neb 



We buy them on the square, 
and we sell them on the 
square, so you have a square 
deal all the way thru. 



Buy an income for yourself. 

Money wisely invested in 

our Poland Chinas secures 

substantial income for later 

years. 

Visit our farm. Write us 

for a list of stock for sale. 



A. H. LEACH, Blair, Nebraska 



J. A. SANDQUIST, Oakland, Neb. 

—MY MOTTO— 

ALWAYS A SQUARE DEAL 



My herd was established in 1899. We have tried 
to make it better each year. Among the prominent 
boars used in my herd are: Bob Wonder, a litter 
brother to Nebraska Bob; Scar's Long Big Bone by 
Long Big Bone; Col. Bob by the $10,200 Col. Jack. 

In active service now is ORANGE LAD by Mc's 
Big Orange, granddam being Orange Lady 2d, the 
dam of The Yankee and The Pilot. 



Visit my herd. Youn^ stock for sale at all times. 

J. A. SANDQUIST 

OAKLAND -:- -:- NEBRASKA 



WILD ROSE HERD 

—OF— 

Bi^ Type Poland Chinas 



Boars used in our herd : Monroe 74245 : Peaches 
Long Wonder 76403: Lady's Chief 76403; Bob 
Jones 97924; Columbus Jack 20512. 

We have raised litters by Spot's Wonder, and 
Long Prospect. 

Our herd has been successful winners at our 
County show. We have shipped hogs into several 
states. 

If you are interested in extra choice breeding 
stock, at very low prices, we can please you. Write 
or visit. 



JAMES J. WHITE 

ULYSSES -:- -:- NEBRASKA 







B.E.RIDGLEY 

Pici<rell, Nebraska 

Breeder of Big Type 
Poland Chinas, and an 
AUCTIONEER. 

We show our hogs 
each year at the State 
Fair. We still hold 
the record for the 
largest yearling ever 
shown on the Nebraska 
Fair Grounds. In 1910 
we won on Exception 
Blue Valley, weighing 
830 pounds. 

Write your wants. We 
make a specialty of 
mail orders. Satisfac- 
tion guaranteed 




Poland Chinas For Permanence 

Our herd is a regular winner at the big Swine Shows. We have 
the largest Poland China Mail Order business in Nebraska. 
You can buy What You Want When You Want It. Every 
day a Sale day. Everything at Private Sale. 

PLAINVIEW HOG AND SEED FARM 

Frank J. Rist, Humboldt, Nebraska 




Ghas. A. Fricke, Pawnee City, Nebr. 

Auctioneer and Breeder of the Big Type Poland Chinas 

Boars that are prominent in our herd, Big Bob Master 108210, and Chief 
Reformer 117644. 

Our brood sows represent the leading blood lines of the breed. 

When in need of choice Poland Chinas, or an Auctioneer, write me. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. 

Chas. A. Fricke Pawnee City, Nebr. 



ROBERT A. WILLMER 

Scribner, Neb. 

Breeder of Modern 

POLAND CHINAS 



Stock for sale at all times 
and at prices in keeping with 
the times. 

We are not trying to raise 
the "most," but the best. We 
cull close, keeping nothing 
but the very choicest for 
breeding stock. If you want 
the largest for age, with the 
finish, you should get in 
touch with me. 

Visitors welcome. 

Correspondence invited. 

ROBERT A. WILLMER 

Scribner, Neb. 



Phil Dawson 

ENDICOTT, NEBRASKA 




Herd Established Many Years Ago 

My father, H. C. Dawson, was one 
of the original promoters of Poland 
Chinas. 

It was in our herd that the words "Big 
Type Poland Chinas" were coined. 

History will tell you of the noted 

EXPANSION 

HERD of POLAND, CHINAS 

one of the leaders in preserving the 
size in the breed. 

We have ever kept before the public 
thru the show ring, public sales and 
advertising. Our show herds have won 
in every show. A Hst of such winnings 
would be an endless chain. 

We are prepared to meet your wants. 
Visit our herd. Correspondence solic- 
ited and promptly cared for. 



Phil Dawson, Endicott, Neb. 



FRANK A. DVORAK, Howells, Nebraska 


— Breeder of — 


BIG TYPE 


Poland Chinas 


Selected choice young breeding 


stock for sale at reason- 


able prices 


FRANK A. DVORAK, Howells, Nebraska 



HARRY C. DAHL, Ames, Nebr. 

— Breeder of — 

BIG SMOOTH 

Poland Chinas 

Choice individuals of all ages for sale at 

fair prices. We breed and sell only 

the very most improved type 



HARRY C. DAHL, Ames, Nebr. 



Geary Bros., Inman, Neb, 

Our is made up from outstanding selections of 
Herd the breed's greatest blood lines. We are 
keeping it at the top. Several of the lead- 
ing herds of the United States have stock 
from our plant in their herds. We have 
been consistent winners in our state and 
local shows. 

Herd Boars used in our herd: The Clan's 
Monarch 377111, Jumbo Timm 257797, 
Best Timm 118694. 

Satisfaction assured in all sales 

Geary Bros., (coumy) Inman, Nebr. 



T. U. MALLETTE 

CRAIG, NEBRASKA 
Breeder of Big Type 

POLAND CHINAS 

We have been successful winners in the shows. 

We won 3d prize on KING OMAHA 2d 96077 

by King Omaha, out of Big Bob's Queen 

by Big Bob, Nebraska 1920. 

Stock for sale at all times. Satisfaction guaranteed. 

T. U. MALLETTE 

CRAIG - - NEBRASKA 



M^rd Fjttnhlished in ISSQ 






Holbrook ■ Nebraska 

Have always kept abreast 




^HB^M^^I 




^^P^^^l 


of the times, employing only 
top individuals in any herd. 




^^Hp^' ^^ 


We have used sons of the 




^^Ki^ ^^^ ■ 


following boars in our herd: 




IPR^ & ■ 


Big Hadley, Expansion, Big 
Victor, Surprise Wonder 4th, 




L ^"M 


A Wonder, Revelation and 
others. 

We have young stock for 
sale at all times. Immuned. 




^^^^H^ '^^^^H 


Prices reasonable. 




■HHT^fll 


Address, 

FRANK DAVIS 

305 U Street 




FRANK DAVIS 




IT_: U.. Dl M„I I.„ 





L. E. Dailey 




Eagan, South Dakota 




Breeder of Big Type 1 


POLAND 


CHINAS 


We grow some very choice individuals that should 
head good herds. We have up-to-date breeding and 
can sell at prices very reasonable. Try us once. 


L E. Dailey 




Fagan, Soutli Dakota 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



POKTRAITS 



Baynes, James 171 

Brown, A. M 170 

Cantrall, Geo. M 171 

Dawson, H. C 21 

Doty, James J 171 

Duffield, J. B 9 

Finch, David 10 

Freigau, Carl 12 

Gilmore, John 13 

Gossick, B. L 26 

Harkrader, John 6 

Hazelton, John M 172 

Jones Hodge 173 

Jones, W. A 30 

Klever, E 8 

Klever, J. M 8 



PuffC 

'. 162 

6 

. 93 

. 31 

199 



Magie, D. M 

McFadden, W. M 

Moore, A. C 

Mouw, Peter 

Mugg, Lloyd 

Shattuck, Thos. A 

Singleton, H. E 160 

Sisson, H. M 8 

Sisson, W. P 8 

Swallow, W. Z 19 

Walker, C. H '. 172 

Williams, John W 9 

Williams, Worthy C 172 

Wilson, T. R 28 

Young, P. W 163 



A Wonder 35 

Big Bob 45 

Big Bob Orphan 109 

Big Timm (Nebr.) 43 

Big Timm (Calif.) 86 

Black Beauty 10th 16 

Buster's Best 117 

Buster's Clipper 89 

Business 120 

Caldwell's Big Bob 133 

(Checker's 74 

Chief Price 30 

Chief Tecumseh 2d 79 

Columbian Giant 53 

Columbus Wonder 179 

Corrector 85 

Designer 68 

Dunndale Pilot 71 

Expansion 84 

Fashion Girl 118 

First Prize Pen of Barrows 1920. . . 108 

Freckles 182 

Free Trade ' 23 

Giant Maid 141 

Grand Master 44 

Group of Poland Chinas 1880. '.'.'.'.'. 20 

Hankinson, W. C, Home 13 

Hawkeye Giant 124 

John 3d 17 

Lady Black 97 

Lady Clan IO7 

Lady Clan 2d ' ' 134 



Pii'ir 

Lady Fairfield 18 > 

Liberator (j7 

Liberator's Best .'..'. 130 

Liberator Buster 55 

Liberator Leader 139 

Liberty Girl 3d 92 

Long Giantess 146 

Major Jumbo 1 76 

Meddler 32 

Miss Highland '..... 110 

Mollie Buster 106 

Mollie Pike 1 1 

M's Long Joe 148 

Omaha Bob 88 

Pet 2d ■..::.:: 114 

Peter Pan 127 

Princess Wonder A 175 

Prize Lady 122 

Secret 156 

Standard Poland China Record 

Office 14 

Shakers Society Buildings 3-4 

Tecumseh 22 

The Climax 161 

The Giant 49 

The Pickett W^ 

The Pilot 136 

The Yankee 103 

Tom Corwin 2d 78 

Tye's Liberator 195 

W's Giant 91 



INDEX 



Page 

A Wonder 34-124 

Adam's Big Bone 51 

Adam's Big Hal 42 

Arch Back Giant 7d 

Archdaie 77 

B Wonder 45 

Belmont Buster W 

Big Ben 42 

Bib Bob 45 



Big Bob 2d 



59 



_ Bob Orphan 72 

Big Bob Wonder 4b 

Big Bone -^5 

Big Bone Bob 63-128 

Big Bone Model 61 

Big Fashion 63 

Big Fred 57 

Big Bone Leader 58-128 

Big Hadley 34 

Big Hadlev Jr 46 

Big Knox 51 

Big Look 45 

Big Joe 42 

Big Jumbo 36 

Big Jumbo 41 

Big Mischief 36 

Big Orange 36 

Big Price 48 

Big Price's Equal 51-128 

Big Square Jumbo 51 

Big Tecumseh 36 

Big Timm 43-123-126 

Big Tom 44 

Big Victor 35 

Black Big Wonder 51 

Black Jumbo 51 

Black U. S 22 

Blain's Tecumseh 32 

Bloemendaal's Big Chief 51 

Blue Vallev 41 

Blue Vallev Quality 36 

Bridge's Bob Wonder 57 

Buster Over 59 

Butler 19 

C 2 Ranger 65 

Caldwell's Big Bob 57-123 

Chanticleer 77 

Checker's 73 

Checkit 77 

Chief Defender 58-129 

Chief Perfection 25-123 

Chief Perfection 2d 26 

Chief Price 29-123 

Chief Price 2d 34 

Chief Price 2d S6 

Chief Price Again 36 

Chief Sunshine 2d 31 

Chief Tecumseh 22 

Chief Tecumseh 2d 24 

Chief Tecumseh 3d 28 

Cicotte 76 

Col. Jack 62-127 

Columbian Giant 71 



Columbus 
Cook's Liberty 
Corrector . . . . 
Denny's Giant 
Designer 



Bond 



Disher's Giant 4b- 

Disher's Giant Again 

Dominator 

D's Big Jones 

D's Giant 

Dunndale Pilot 

Eighty Dollar Pig 

Emancipator 

Expansion 30- 

Expansion King 

Farver's Goliath 

Fessy's Timm 

Fox's A Wonder 

Freckles 

Free Trade 

F's Big Jones 

General Hayes 

George Wilkes 

Gerstdale Jones 48- 

Giant Buster 47-124- 

Giant Timm 

Give or Take 

Goiddust Hadley 

Grand Master 

Grant's Great Giant 

Guy Wilkes 2d 

Hadley 

Hadlev Goiddust 

Hadley Jr 

Happy Medium 

Harrison's Bib Bob 

Hather's Big Orphan 

Hawkeye Giant 

Hercules 

Highland Ranger 

Hoosier Bill 

Irwin's Sweepstakes 

Jumbo 

Keep On 

Klever's Model 

King Joe 

King Kole 

King Look 

King Mastodon 

King of Wonder's 

King Tecumseh 

Korver's Orange Wonder 

K's Big Jones 

Lamplighter 

Liberati 

Liberator 67 

Liberator Ace 

Liberator Buster 

Liberator Leader 

Liberty Bond 

Logan Price 

Long Big Bone 

Long Big Bone 2d 

Long Chief Again 

Longfellow 7th 

Longfellow Jr 

Longfellow Sampson 

Long King 

Long King's Equal 

Long Joe 

Long Jumbo 

Long Jumbo 2(1 

Long Orange 



::« 



Page 

Long Wonder 34 

Long Wonder 51 

Long Wonder 2d 51 

Mabie's Jumbo 58 

Mankato Wonder 50 

Masterpiece 64 

McGath's Big Orphan 51 

Mc's Big Orange 50 

Meddler 32-125 

Model Big Bob 70 

Model Mastodon 65 

Moore's Halvor 41 

Morton Meyers 18 

M's Hadley 36 

Nobility 76 

Oakland's Equal 42 

Old Alex 18 

On & On 32 

On ttie Dot 33 

Orange Boy 47-125 

Orange Chief 34 

Orangepiece 77 

Orphan Wonder 1st 44 

O's Jumbo 36 

Panorarna 36 

Passport 69 

Pawnee Lad 33 

Pawnee Pete 40 

Peacock Giant 77 

Perfect I Know 28 

Peter Pan 76 

Peter the First 77 

Peter the Great 71 

Peter the Great 2d 77 

Progressor 77 

Repeater 76 

Revelation 74 

Robidoux 41 

Rood's Giant 42 

Rumple's Wonder 61 

Severe's Big Timm 50 

Sheldon's Wonder 66 



Smooth Big Bone 44 

Smooth Price 3(j 

Smooth Prospect 61 

Star of the West 20 

Success 21 

Sunbeam 76 

Superba . . . . 47 

Superior Giant 77 

Supremus 77 

Surprise Prospect ' 49 

Tecumseh 22 

The Big Orphan '.'. 40 

The Clansman 60 

The Critic 70 

The Giant 49 

The Guide 77 

The Invader 77 

The Jayhawker 77 

The Minute Man 77 

The Outpost 73 

The Pathfinder 77 

The Pickett 69 

The Pilot 76 

The Pioneer 76 

The Rainbow 70 

The Ranger 77 

The Tarzan 77 

The Winner 77 

The Yankee 65 

Titanic Giant 51 

Tolono Timm 61 

Tom Corwin 2d 20 

U. S 21 

Wade's Jumbo 36 

Wedd's Long King 42 

Whitesox Chief 41 

Wisconsin Orange 61 

Wonder Buster 62 

World Beater 19 

W's Giant 57 

Zack 18 



RiS 1^)1 113-1:^6 

Bob's Belle 121 

Buster's Best 116-127 

Crop Eared Sow 17 

Fashion Girl 117 

I'-inch's Premium Sow 17 

(jerstdale Queen 120 

Giantess Ill 

Joe's Giantess 115 

Kramer's Kind 119 

Lady Big Crow 119 

Lady Lunker 112 



Page 

Mammoth Giantess Equal 112 

Miss Big Wonder 119 

M's Choice 121 

Nellie B 119 

Old Harkrader Sow 16 

Orange Lady 2d 119 

Orange Queen 120 

Preston Giantess 120 

Queen DufTield 17 

Shaker Sow D 17 

Susan 2d 115 

Topsy 119 



INDEX TO ADVERTISERS 



California Page 

Yales, R. J., Orland 216 

Indiana 

Bunten, John H., Jr., Danville. . . 216 

Iowa 

Bell Bros. & Wood, Wiota 200 

Bell, R. A., Atlantic 201 

Bloemendaal Bros., Orange City. 215 

Bloemendaal, Jim, Alton 210 

Carter, Chas. W., Shenandoah... 210 

Clark, W. A., Farragut 211 

Chantland, A. A., Humboldt 212 

Duncan, H. B., Bagley 20i) 

Dorr, Henry, & Son, Marcus 210 

Ellsworth, W. H., Goldfield. . .204-205 

Fesenmeyer, H., Clarinda 213 

Gruber, George, Farragut 214 

Healy, J. H., & Co., Manilla 214 

Howard, Earl, Shenandoah 202 

Kramer, J. J.. Sheldon 202 

McMillan, Bert E., Blanchard 206 

McCIarnon, L. R., Braddyville 215 

Mouw, Peter, & Co., Orange Citv. 214 

.Miller, John, Rock Valley 215 

Osgood, W. J., Sheldon 202 

Ridgeway Farms, Blanchard.... 207 

Richards, G. F., Corning 203 

Scar, Wm. A., Earlham 216 

Turnbull & Miller, Blanchard 211 

Turnbull, Don R., Blanchard 208 

Kansas 

Dubach Bros., Wathena 217 

Rice, C. S., Muscotah 217 

Laptad, Fred G., Lawrenc? 217 

Minnesota 

Arens, Henry, Jordan 218 

BeihoflFer, Ernest J., Glencoe.... 218 

Bench Bros., Prior Lake 211) 

Busse Bros., Slayton 222 

Bostic, A. E., Pipestone 221 

Brugmann Bros., Windom 223 

Conzemius, John, Hastings 223 

Gummert, C. F., Hopkins 221 

Graham, W. J., & Sons, Wav- 

erly 234-235 

George-Washington Farms, Man- 

kato 217 

Glasier, J. M., St. James 221 

Harders, E. H., Luverne 227 

Hoffman, John H., Wilmont 227 

Hupp, E., Windom 224 

Johnson, Martin, &. Evenson, 

Fred, Litchfield 220 

Janovsky, James, Le Sueur Center 227 
Kritzeck Bros., Howard Lake, 230-231 

Kasper, Jay A., Medford 228 

Kilan, E., & Son, Jackson 224 

Larson, Fred, Winnebago 224 

Larson. Ole L., Heron Lake 233 

Lau, H. C, Tracy 229 

LoelTler, Louis, Eagle Lake 229 

Maloney, Andrew J., Mankato. . . . 226 

Maine, Glen C, Ambov 232 

Martin, A. C, Fairmont 226 

Matson, Emile, Willmar 229 

Peterson, L. A., Eagle Lake 232 

Pfirl, Walter, Worthington 232 

Reese, John. Clarksfield 237 

Rogge, Ed. T., Bovd 233 

Sharp. Wm A.. Winnebago 233 

2, 



Page 

Rue, B. 0., Lakefield 222 

Silkey, L. T., & Son, Smiths Mills 238 
Sonnicksen, Lloyd W., Winnebago 239 

Sparks, A. J., & Son, Lakefield.. 236 

Steel, D. J., Mankato 240 

Stifter, Louis, Howard Lake 226 

Vaske, Ben, Windom 239 

Walker, Chas. E., Glencoe 225 

Wiest, Wm., Le Suer 239 

Williams, Forest L., Elysian 236 

Missouri 

Adams, J. R., Independence 24J! 

Andersen, A. T., St. Joseph 240 

Branham, Jas. Y., Paris 244 

Capps, Ernest L., Liberty 242 

Glover, L. H., Kansas City 243 

Lane, F. A., Independence 240 

Leonard, Sol L., St. Joseph 241 

Maple Way Farms, Fairview.... 244 

Young, Russell B., Holliday 244 

Nebeiaska 

Carman, J. L., & Son, Cook 245 

Crofton, John, Dorchester. . .250-251 

Dahl, Harry C, Ames 272 

Davis, Frank, University Place. 274 

Dawson, Phil, Endicott 271 

Diffey, Ed & Son, North Bend.. 263 

Dvorak, Frank A., Howells 272 

Eidam, Wm., & Son, Fremont 265 

Etmund, Jacob, Roca 253 

Frickee, Chas. A., Pawnee City. . 269 

Geary Bros., Inman 273 

Hensley, L. L., & Son, Central City 256 

Holliday, John D., Orchard 255 

Hutchinson, James, Elgin 261 

Hutchison, B., Silver Creek 254 

Johnson, R. C, Mead 264 

King, John, Albion 254 

Kissinger, G. A., Milford 253 

Leach, A. H., Blair 266-267 

Lonergan, D. C, & Sons, Oma- 
ha 258-259 

Lundquist, Olop, Oakland 252 

Mallette, T. U., Craig 273 

Marshall, T. J., Greenwood 262 

Martinek, Jos. V., Dodge 249 

Morford, J. C, Beaver Crossing. 261 

Mounts, A. G., Schuyler 257 

McGath. H. C, Ames 262 

McKelvie, H. L., & Sons, Fairfield 249 

Olson, Hugo H., Stromsberg. . . . 257 

Uison, John, Shickley 260 

Peterson, Harper, Gresham 260 

Reid, Jas. D., & Son, Wakefield. . 244 

Ridgelev, B. E., Pickerell 269 

Hist, Frank J., Humboldt 269 

Roberts Bros., Pierce 248 

Sandquist, J. A., Oakland 268 

Schug, Robert A., Coleridge 247 

Shank, J. Dee, Superior 263 

Smith Bros., Superior 246 

Smith, Ward, Ithica 2.55 

Thompson, E. B., Friend 255 

Von Forrell Bros., Chester 253 

Voss, Louis J., Emerson 246 

White, Jas. J.. Ulvsses 268 

Wiebe, G. A., & Sons, Beatrice 252 

Willmer, Robert A., Scribner 270 

South Dakota 

Dailey. L. E., Eagan 274 



Sit^'